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v ■ 


No 62,620 


Battl e grows over far-left t own halls 


at ‘zealots’ for 35 

Kinnock blast 

helping enemy 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 

Mr Neil Kinnock, the La- 
bour leader, yesterday 
acknowledged the da map? be- 
ing done to the party's elec- 
toral hopes by the activities of 
left-wing councils, when he 
attacked the “zealotry" which 
was giving ammunition to 


Mr Kinnock moved swiftly 
at a meeting of Labour MFs to 
counter the new Conservative 
campaign highlighting the ac- 
tions of Labour town Haifa 

This came as the Prime 
Minister entered the fray by 
accusing Labour of moving 
further towards a vision of an 
Eastern European kind of 

In a television interview 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher spoke 1 
of her wish to see socialism 
removed as a second force. 
She did not mention the 
Alliance but said that she 
longed for the time when the 
two main parties believed 
fundamentally in the same 
things: freedom under the law 
backed up by a free enterprise 
system, as in the United 

“If those who look at us 
from overseas were convinced 

that we would never have a 
socialist government of the 
kind you see in the council 
chambers, our prospects 
would be transformed," she 

But as Mrs Thatcher was 
intensifying the onslaught be- 


Portrait of 
the artist 


Paul McCartney, 
the Queen Mother, 
Sir Alec 

Guinness: all have 
sat for artist 
John Bratby. 

So how could 
Libby Purves refuse 
such an 

— ^cld— 

• The £4,000 daily prize 
in yesterday’s Portfolio 
Gold competition was 
won outright by Mr A J 
Cox of Banstead, 
Surrey. Details, pat 

• There is a further 
£4,000 to be won today. 
Portfolio list page 31; 
rales and how to play, 
information service, 
page 24. 




Santiago (Reuter) - A 
power failure briefly blacked 
out a northern Chilean town 
last night while government 
supporters were holding a 
rally attended by President 
Pinochet, eyewitnesses said. 

There was no immediate 
word on the cause of the 
feilure which plunged the 
town of lquique. 1,100 miles 
north of Santiago, into dark- 
ness for several minutes. 

Power lines have been a 
frequent target for leftist 
guerrillas in the past. 

° President Pinochet, who 
last September survived an 
attempt on his life by guerril- 
las, is on a four-day tour of 
northern Chile. 

Lawyers act 

Lawyers for the AE engineer- 
ing group have asked Turner 
A Neman, which is making a 
hostile bid, for fell details of 
the claims being made against 
it over asbestos-related 


Heme New 2-7 

0 «r«as 


Arts ,5 

Births, (teatb* 
mairia&s 23 

B«saie*s ZWJ 

Com t , rj 
Crosswords 16-24 


Law Repents 



Parliament * 
Sale Room 22 
g gfnfg 23 
S Sm 3M44 
Theatres, etc M 
TV & Radio A3 
Weather M 

* * * * 

gun earlier this week by Mr 
Nicholas Ridley, the Secretary 
of Slate for the Environment, 
and Mr Norman TebbiL the 
Conservative Party chairman, 

Lawson savings plan 2 
Parliament 4 

Mr Kinnock was voicing his 
concern about the “lurid 
headlines" attracted by a 
minority of Labour 

In his begjnning-of-term 
speech to (he Parliamentary 
Labour Party, Mr Kinnock 
said that councillors should 
avoid acts or statements 
which could be used a gainst 
the party. 

His remarks showed the 
concern felt by the leadership 
about the Conservative cam- 
paign, which Tory strategists 
believe could be as big a vote- 
winner as Labour's non- 
nuclear defence policy. 

Mr Kinnock said that the 
sensationalism attached to the 
actions of a few councils 
obscured the efforts of so 
many Labour councillors who 
were working in nearly impos- 
sible conditions U> turn their 
policies into practical help for 
their community. 

“When that solid and sus- 
tained progress is hidden in 
lurid headlines, they are de- 
nied the credit which they 
have earned and they are 
understandably furious." 

Mr Kinnock said that this 
proved yet again raa; the 
greatest enemy of radicalism 
was zealotry. “When idealism 

is made to look like ex- 
tremism, it is die ideals that 
are discredited." 

He said that 99.9 per cent of 
councils did not attract lurid 
headlines which could be used 
to obscure the useful policies. 
But, be said, the party must 
ensure that its real ideals and 
policies “were not blotted out 
by a great blanket of destruc- 
tion which the enemy could 
exploit and thicken until it 
smothered Labour’s achieve- 
ments and alternatives." 

Mrs Thatcher is closely 
involved in the “loony left" 
assault strategy. 

Asked whether Labour 
could survive another defeat 
at the polls, Mrs Thatcher 
replied: “I hope that we will 
win the next election with a 
good majority and, 1 would 
hope, the following one, be- 
cause by that time the spread 
of ownership will be much 

“People will have got used 
once again to freedom and a 
responsible society and I do 
not think that they would 
have any truck with socialism. 

She said that once the 
Conservatives had taken over 
the welfare state and ran it 
better than Labour, the only 
place for Labour to go was 
further and further left. That 
was why they opposed so 
much the wider share owner- 
ship which was at the root of 

it is why they want to 
nationalize everything, to con- 
trol everything. That is why 
they would like more people 
in council houses. 

Mrs Thatcher said that 
some of the scenes in Labour 
councils had been “right over 
the top." She said: “It is rough 
action that people are seeing,' 
the rough action of Labour 
councils in power.” 

New approach to 
stop spy book 

were considering a new ap- 
proach yesterday in efforts to 
suppress a spy book in Sydney 
after the Australian Appeal 
Court refused leave to appeal 
against a judge's order on 
production of confidential 

Observers believed the Brit- 
ish side would try to change 
the pleas on which it had 
based a case against publica- 
tion of the book on MIS, by a 
former security service em- 
ployee, Mr Peter WrighL 
The change would be de- 
signed to narrow the Crown's 
case and limit the number of 
confidential documents de- 
manded by Mr Justice PowelL 
Whitehall sources made it 
dear (hat the Prime Minister 

By Our Foreign Staff 
law officers had relied 

largely on the 
advice of Sir Michael Havers, 
the Attorney General, in 
deciding to proceed against 
Mr WrighL 

The court decision yes- 
terday resulted in further 

No Whitehall appeal 9 
Havers* counsel 9 

Leading article 21 

cross-examination by Mr Mal- 
colm Turnbull, for the author, 
of Sir Robert Armstrong, who, 
as Cabinet Secretary, is 
appearing as Whitehall's chief 

Sources emphasized that a 
decision on new court tactics 
had to be made within 24 

By Richard Evans 

Political Corespondent 

A radical plan to allow the 
break-up of large local auth- 
orities into smaller, self-suf- 
ficient councils is being 
considered by Government 
ministers as part of the crack- 
down against extremist poli- 
tics in many of Britain’s town 


The move, aimed particu- 
larly at London’s huge bor- 
oughs where Labour’s “loony 
left" council leaders have their 
power bases, coincides with a 
grassroots revolt by an 
increasing number of the 
capital's ratepayers who want 
to return to the 1960s style of 
local government with a net- 
work of small, locally-based 

With the local government 
Boundary Commission carry- 
ing out the first review of 
London boroughs next year, 
some Conservative constit- 
uency assocations are already 
planning to make a case for 
splitting up large authorities. 

Brent North, for example, 
has already attracted thou- 
sands of signatures on a 
petition calling for the re- 
establishment of Wembley 
council, which would be sepa- 
rate and independent from the 
controversial, left-wing con- 
trolled Brent countiL 

The Boundary Commission 
is awaiting guidance from Mr 
Nicholas Ridley, Secretary of 
State for the Environment, on 
how for its review can go. It is 
argued that the enormous size 
of London authorities like 
Haringey, Lambeth, Camden, 
Brent and Southwark has not 
only broken the link between 
voters and councils, but 
played into the hands of 

militan ts 

t With education and hous- 
ing increasingly being re- 
moved from local government 
control, those in favour of 
breaking up the existing struc- 
ture daim there is less and less 
ne&S for “mega.-coiwcils". . 

Mr Ridley, together with Dr 
Rhodes Boyson, the Minister 
of State responsible for local 
government, and Mr Chris- 
topher Chope, the recently- 
appointed junior Environ- 
ment Minister, are all beleived 
to be sympathetic to the 
pressure for change. 

Dr Boyson, in particular, 
has been a consistent critic of 
the present local government 

Rain, wind and tremor bring chaos 

By David Saps ted 
Hoods, storm-force winds 
and an earth tremor brought 
varying degrees of chaos to 
Britain yesterday. 

Nobody was hurt in the 
autumn onslaught of torren- 
tial rain that left some Welsh 
families trapped after six feet 
of water invaded the ground 
floors of their homes. 

Wales took the brunt of the 
windswept deluge: at Ystaly- 
fera. West Glamorgan, where 
30 families were moved out 
after their homes were threat- 
ened by a landslip which dam- 
aged three houses. 

At Cwmaman in mid-Gla- 
morgan, 60 houses were cut 
off by flood water, the A 5049 
to Mountain Ash was closed 
and extensive flooding was re- 
ported in the Buiith area. A 
minor earth tremor rattled 

Photograph 2 

windows but caused no dam- 
age over a wide area of North 

Winds gusting up to storm 
force 10 disrupted Channel 
ferry services several seafronts 
on the south coast were closed 
in the face of the battering. A 

woman, aged 80, was trapped 
in her Southampton bungalow 
after a wall collapsed. When 
freed, she went to a neigh- 
bour's house, telling police not 
to worry as she had lived 
through the blitz. 

At fittieiou, near Salisbury, 
more than 700 homes were lot 
without power after a trans- 
former was knocked out by 
the gale, while a tree blown 
across power lines near Thrux- 
ton motor racing circuit was 
blamed for another 200 homes 
in Andover being blacked out 
Rivers overflowed in Sus- 
Continned on page 24, col 5 

Miss McGoldrick yesterday: 
Pessimistic about outcome 

US insider deals 
inquiry spills 
over into Europe 

By Lawrence Lever and Bailey Morris 

about the Boesky case to the 
Department of Trade and 
Industry. And this was with 
the Stock Exchange last night 
The Stock Exchange 
saidthat it would decide 
within the next 48 hours 

Triumphant Test winners: IVCke Gatting, the England cricks captain, sharing a drink and a 
joke with lan Botham as England celebrated then- victory over Australia in the first Test at 
Brisbane. (Join Woodcock, page 42; England delight, page 44) 

Brent wins 
right to 
‘race’ head 

By Howard Foster 
The suspended head- 
mistress Miss Maureen 
McGoldrick is likely to face 
disciplinary proceedings next 
week after Brent Council won 
an appeal in the High Court 
yesterday to give mem the 
right to investigate alleged 
racist remarks by her. 

Despite an observation 
made by Sr John Donaldson, 

Master of the Rolls, who ruled 
in the counriFs favour, that he 
did not “believe the local 
authority would proceed with 
a disciplinary hearing” the 
;ndicatictn$ last ni^iu .were 
that Miss McGoldnck's case 
would be discussed by an 
education subcommittee in 
the next few days. 

Mrs McGoldrick, aged 39, 
had been suspended by the 
left-dominated council for 
allegedly telling a council em- 
ployee on the telephone that 
she did not want any more 
Mack teachers in her school. 

In fact, she has been shown to 
have the backing of the staff 
and parents of the Sudbury 
Infonts School in Wembley, 
north London, which has 
more than 80 per cent black or 
Asian pupils. 

Parents have long held the 
view that the council is out to 
“get" Miss McGoldrick. The 
FTA leader, Mrs Brenda Kick, 
who has two children at the 
school, blames blade activists 
wbo allegedly do not want to 
see a white woman heading a 
school of predominantly black 

“There are a number of 
Mack activists in Brent ami so 
for as they are concerned they 
want every teacher in the 
borough to be black. It is pure 
ideology but we intend to do 
something about iL” 

Sir John and two other 
judges overturned a decision 
Contmaed on page 24, col 3 

The investigation into the 
insider dealing activities ofMr 
Ivan Boesky, the disgraced 
Wall Street speculator, has 
spread to Europe, including 

The Stock Exchange last 
night reputed that it had held 
discussions with a number of 
firms who have acted for Mr 
Boesky. . 

In the United States, 
sources said that Mr Boesky, 
who agreed to a $100 million 
(£70 million) penalty for in- 
sider trading had used Euro- 
pean contacts to gain 
confidential information on- 
companies which were about 
to be taken over. 

He is said to have used his 
British units and other “front” 
companies to carry out 
deals on the basis of 

Lawyers familiar with the 
Boesky case said that it would 
not be surprising for it to lead 
to a trail of overseas organiza- 
tions, given the way in which 
arbitrageurs — specialist share 
speculators — do business. 

Arbitrageurs frequently go 
to great lengths to hide the fact 
that they have taken a stake in 
a share deal, often using front 

The US Securities and Ex- 

The Stock Exchange is to refer 
another case of suspected 
insider dealing to the Govern- 
ment in the next few days. An 
employee of British & 
Commonwealth, the in vest- 
mem company, attempted to 
bay shares in a company 
winch B&C were iakiag over, 
hot the deal was spotted by 
Scrimgeour Vickers, the 
stockbroker, and 

cancelled Page 25 

European front 




that it has passed 
confidential information 

whether to ban stockbrokers 
from dealing for Mr Boesky. 

• In a separate develop- 
ment the Stock Exchange is to 
refer a new case of suspected 
insider dealing to the DTI. 

Last week an employee of 
British & Commonwealth, the 
investment company, at- 
tempted to buy shares in a 
company which B&C were 
taking over. 

But the deal was spotted by 
Scrimgeour Vickers, the stock- 
broker, and cancelled. 

firm on 
pay deal 

By Mark Dowd 
Education Reporter 

Teachers and their local 
authority employers were last 
night given a further reminder 
by the Government that the 
pay structure of the deal 
agreed by four of the six 
unions at the weekend is 

Mr Kenneth Baker, Sec- 
retary of State for Education, 
held talks yesterday with two 
of the Acas mediating team. 
Sir John Wood and Sir Pat 
Lowry, who then relayed to 
union leaders the 
Government's dissatisfaction. 

Mr Baker wants the 
£608 million he has made 
available to be distributed to 
offer greater rewards for hard- 
working staff and teachers of 
shortage subjects, whereas the 
Acas deal cuts down on 
promotional allowances and 
boosts the salary scales on the 
basic main professional grade. 
The Secretary of State is 
proposing five promotional 
allowances, the local authori- 
ties only two. 

Mr Doug McAvoy. the dep- 
uty general secretary of the 
National Union of Teachers, 
appeared last night to be 
willing to reconsider the ques- 
tion of the managerial struc- 
ture, under the proviso that 
the Government makes more 
money available to fend, for 
example, a third layer of 
principal teacher posts. 

He said: “As 1 understand 
the advice we have been given 
tonight it is that the cash 
constraint must be adhered to 
and yel the structure somehow 
must be improved. 

“Now if that means we have 
to take money from teachers 
to create a different structure 
then there is no way I can see 
the NUT going down that 

However, he said that if ihe 
Secretary of Slate or the local 
authority employers were to 
have second thoughts about 
management superstructure 
during the next 48 hours, he 
said that the NUT would be 
likely to consider new pro- 
posals for additional allow- 

Agreement was reached at 
Acas headquateis yesterday 
on the duties of head teachers 
and their deputies, the 
responsibilities of new entry 
grade teachers and the salaries 
of heads in special schools. 

The one negotiating issue 
which is planned to extend 
beyond tomorrow's ratifica- 
tion date, is the question of 
whether criteria for allocating 
principal teacher posts should 
be done on a national or a 
local basis. 

The message from the 
teachers last night appeared to 
be that most of them will gc 
ahead and sign the deal they 
agreed at the weekend, unless 
the Government and the 
employers wish to put before 
them improved proposals on 
pay structure. 




The economy recovered 
strongly in the third quarter, 
according Government fig- 
ures. The Chancellor, Mr 
Nigel Lawson, said yesterday 
that the pause in the recovery 
was over. 

But the pound, the Achilles 
heel of Government policy, 
was knocked when Mrs 
Thatcher repeated her rejec- 
tion of fuD British member- 
ship of the European 
Monetary System until after 
the general election. 

The sterling index dropped 
0.2 to 68, and the pound 
dropped two pfennigs to 
DM2.8483 against the mark. 
Government bonds lost up to 
£1.50. Share prices fell again. 
The FT 30-share index fell by 
12.8 points to 1,258.8. 

Strang recovery, page 25 

Two held for 
murder of 
star’s parents 

Boulder, Montana (AP) — 
The parents of Patrick Duffy, 
the Dallas star, were shot dead 
in an apparent robbery at- 
tempt at a bar they owned in 
this western US town, authori- 
ties reported yesterday. 

Sean Wentz and Kenneth 
Miller, both aged 19, are in 
custody on suspicion of delib- 
erate homicide. Bond for the 
pair has been set at $250,000 
(£170.000) each. 

Police said the bodies of 
Terence and Marie Duffy, 
both in their mid-60s. were 
found early yesterday but they 
would not say how the parents 
of television’s Bobby Ewing 

But Mr Roger .Andersen, the 
chief jailer at Lewis and Clark 
Couniy Jail, said police in- 
dicated the weapon was a 
shotgun. Photograph, page 11 

Kremlin opening for private business 

From Christopher Walker 

The most controversial eco- 
nomic reform so far in- 
troduced under the leadership 
of Mr Mikhail Gorbachov 
entered the statute book yes- 
terday when the Supreme 
Soviet voted unanimously to 
pass a new law legalizing 
certain restricted forms of 
individual enterprise from 
next spring 

Although hedged with con- 
ditions. the law was seen as a 
tentative step towards limited 
forms of private enterprise 
and an open recognition of the 
failure of the communist sys- 
tem to provide the necessary 
goods and services to satisfy 
the population. 

The law, the first since the 
1917 Bolshevik Revolution to 
define clearly the ground rules 
for individual enterprise, was 
praised by Tass. which said 

that as a result people work- 
ing for themselves would “be- 
come serious competitors for 
the government-owned sys- 
tem of services and make it 
improve fester." 

A senior Government of- 
ficial told The Times: “This 
will mean big changes for us, 
which is why the law will not 
come into effect until next 
year. But it does not mean that 
anyone will be able to exploit 
anyone else by employing him 
in a business." 

He also emphasized that by 
definition, all individual 
enterprise would have to be 
only part-time. 

Presenting ihe law to the 
1.500 delegates, Mr Ivan 
Gladky, chairman of the Slate 
Committee for Labour and 
Social Issues, was at great 
pains to argue that the legisla- 
tion — which specifies 29 types 
of individual business activ- 

ities which are to be permitted 
—did not mean a return to any 
form of private enterprise 
“which some people in the 
West have hopes for ” 

But his carefully-worded 
speech made clear that the 
move had resulted from grass- 
roots pressure as expressed 
through the press and debates 
in work collectives. He ack- 
nowledged that in drafting the 
law, officials had “drawn on 
the experience of other social- 
ist countries,” without 
mentioning either Hungary or 
China by name. 

Western economic experts 
said that the move was more 
cautious than some had ex- 
pected. with only “jointly 
residing family members" al- 
lowed to engage in private 
businesses together. 

“At present it seems limited 
to one-man operations and 
family cafes." one senior dip- 

lomat said “But it could be 
the start of something more 
si gnifican t." 

Mr Gladky explained that 
the law recognized that in- 
dividual labour was expedient 
and had to be “fitted in felly 
with the principles of the 
socialist economy." ■ 

Among the types of individ- 
ual labour to be permitted are 
clothing, shoe, furniture, fish- 
ing tackle and toy-making; 
repairs of cars, houses, tele- 
visions and household appli- 
ances; the tiffing of private 
plots and the use of private 
cars as taxis. Also to be 
permitted is the private tu- 
ition of music and Other skills 
and private translation 

The new law, which had 
been extensively debated be- 
hind closed doors before 
yesterday's session of the Su- 

Coa tinned on page 24, col 6 

The one 
wouldn't risk. 

The new Lloyd’s Building is one of the wonders 
of the modem business world - an exuberant and 
enlightening experience any day you’re in 
Leadenhall Street. 

Richard Rogers and Partners designed it to take 
Lloyd's into the 21st Century. 

And who did the underwriters rely on to carry 
out their investment of more than £150 million? 
Bovis Construction. 

TOu-k began in 1981 and the trading floors were 
operational by Spring of this yean 

It’s typical of Bovis that even a project which 
pushed building techniques and technology to 
new, breathtaking dimensions has been brought 
home immaculate, as planned and on time. 

If you’d like to avoid unnecessary risks on your 
next project, why not call us now? The number’s 
01-4223488. Ask for John Newton. 

Bovis T % 

Bovis Construction Limi ted 

Bovis House, Northoli Road, 

Harrow, Middx. HA20EE 

P&O Group 





Jobless figures 
expected to fall 

Lord Young, Secretary of State for Employment, last 
night predicted that December’s jobless figures would 
reveal a foil in long-term enemptoyment (Sheila Gann 

His optimism is based on foe success of the Govern- 
ment's Restart scheme, which has pot many long-term 
unemployed into training schemes nr community pro- 
grammes and deterred those with jobs m the Mack economy 
from registering as unemployed. 

During his opening speech on the debate on the Qneen’s 
Speech he signalled a rosy outlook for the economy. 

“Consistency of purpose has been the hallmark of this 
Government and economic success has been its reward** he 
said. Par&ament. page 4 

Tunnel jobs flood 

The company which win bu3d the Channel tunnel has 
been swamped by applicants for jobs (Rodney Croton 

Transmanche Link, the tunnel construction arm of the 
Anglo-French group, Eurotunnel which advertised va- 
cancies last October for dvil engineers, quantity surveyors, 
accountants and computer staff* has so for received 13,000 
applications. It had about 500 vacancies to fiD, and 
expected about 5,000 applicants. 

Libel jury 
to decide 

A jury is expected to 
decade today whether to 
award Mr Robot Max- 
well, the publisher, libel 

rfw» sorirtt-al mwgwrim* /Vi- 

rare Eye that he tried to buy 
a peerage. 

Mr Justice Simon Brown 
wffl ask the jury to consider 
whether the chairman of 
Mirror Group Newspapers 
was tibeUed in two articles 
in July last year. 

The magazine and Mr 
Richard Ingrams, its for- 
ma* editor, deny libel. 

aid police 

More than 200 un- 
employed in Northumbria 
are to join the police force 
and help to fight crime. 
Some will act as assistants 
to men on the beat and 
others will relieve officers 
of thne-consmning desk du- 
ties, a police spokesman 

Twenty-three “beat 
assistants" will accompany 
police officers on a statu- 
tory beay through the 
community as “non-sworn 
civilians** In civilian 

Film ‘catastrophe’ 

The British Film Institute w31 have to cut its work, for 

the sixth successive year, because ofacnt in the real level of 

its government grant (Gavin BeQ writes). 

Mr Anthony Smith, the director, said die grant of just 
over £10 mini on was “little short of a catastrophe”. “It will 
result in further cuts. They win apply to our regional cli- 
ents as much as to dm production, distribution, education, 
exhibition and archiving work of the BFL" 

foils press 

Princess Michael of 
Kent steered dear of con- 
troversy yesterday at a 
lunch m London to murk 
the publication of ha new 
book. Crowned in a Far 

She put paid to the hopes 
of reporters looking for an 
indiscretion by telEtsg 300 
guests of Foyfes, the book- 
sellers: “You have read a 
lot of very silly tilings about 
me so I am not goinj; to talk 
about them. Very little has 
been written about the 

Atomic inquiry ends wi 

After 95 days and approxi- 
mately 3.3 millio n words of 
spoken evidence, the public 
inquiry into & plan by the 
United Kingdom Atomic En- 
ergy Authority (UKAEA) and 
British Nuclear Fuels Ltd 
(BNFL) to build a £300 mil- 
lion European nuclear repro- 
cessing plant at Dounreay, in 
the north of Scotland, ended 

Mr Sandy Bell, die Inquiry 
Reporter, now has the task of 
considering the mass of ev- 
idence — more than half a 
tonne in weight — before he 
produces a preliminary report 
by the spring of next year. Six 

weeks will be allowed for com- 
ment on foe report, after 
which Mr Bell will malm his 
recommendation to foe Sec- 
retary of State for Scotland, 
Mr Malcolm Rifkind. 

Mr Be& said yesterday: 
“This hasn't been an easy in- 
quiry to conduct, dealing as it 
does with the emotive issue of 
nuclear power. There have 
been a number of tiresome 
moments over these 20 weeks 
in which we have all to some 
degree contributed, but at 
least we have come through 
more or less mi scarred." 

need a decision on outline 

planning permission for the 
plant by foe summer to have’ 
any chance of success in their 
attempt to be chosen as devel- 
opers of foe European De- 
monstration Reprocessing 
Plant (EDRP). 

They are effectively 
competing against Fiance to 
build the phot which will 
reprocess fuels from a series of 
fost reactor power stations 
planned in France, Germany 
and the Untied Kingdom. 

Mr Peter Davies, head of 
the EDRP team at the inquiry, 
said yesterday: “It’s important 
that we make a real contribu- 
tion to the European collabor- 

ation and have some of the 
hardware in this country, oth- 
erwise. foe French will have 
walked off with all foe techno- 
logy. What we are proposing is 
little different from what has 
been done at Dotmxeay for foe 
oast 25 years. 

“We are going to use a 
process which has been prov- 
ed to be safe and which, in this 
case, will involve even lower 
into foe atxoo- 

At the height of the inquiry, 
which heard evidence from 
199 witnesses, the developers 
had a lOOnstrong team work- 
ing on their application. They 

spent £1.5 million ontbeir ap- 
plication and to provide an in- 
formation centre for he press 
and public where daily tran- 
scripts of evidence were avail- 
able to aH those taking part 

Ranged against the devel- 
opers was foe Joint Is l and s 
Council, representi n g Shet- 
land, Orkney and the Western 
Isles, as weH as a series of 
smaller groups, including a 
delegation from Norway, and 
individual objectors. They 
Harm ed that foe proposal was 
flawed, in a number of envi- 
ronmental and health aspects. 

Mrs Penny Boyle, a house- 
wife, aged 30, with two young 

children, attended each day of 
foe hearing and, although 
laHrmg in any expert know- 
ledge, conducted a case 
agamst foe proposal She fi- 
nanced the campaign hend£ 
apart from a £20 donation 
from an elderly lady and some 
help from the local anti-nuc- 
lear group. 

The inquiry was held in 
Thurso, 10 miles from Dotm- 

They wiD have to wait until 
the middle of next year, when 
Mr Rifkind announces die 
outcome of the inqiniy, to dis- 
cover whose counsel bias pre- 

New tax free 
a success, 
says Lawson 

By Robin Oakley, Political Editor 

Mr Nigel Lawson, the 
Chancellor of foe Exchequer, 
yesterday laid before Par- 
liament regulations for the 
new Personal Equity Plans, 
which will allow private in- 
dividuals to invest up to 
£2,400 a year tax free from 
January 1 next year. 

Mr Lawson told MPs that 
the Inland Revenue had al- 
ready had applications to run 
the new plans from the Big 
Four clearing banks, more 
than thirty firms of stock- 
brokers and over a hundred 
other firms. This is despite 
predictions that foe scheme 
would never get off foe 
ground. The Chancellor said it 
was dear that it would be “a 
great success**. 

Under the PEP scheme, 
outlined in foe Budget in 
March, individuals aged 18 or 
over will be able to invest in a 
Personal Equity Plan and, 
provided that the money re- 
mains invested for a full 
calendar year, capital gains 
and reinvested dividends will 
be free of tax. Investors them- 
selves will not need to have 
any dealings with the Inland 
R evenu e. 

PEP investments are con- 
fined to ordinary companies 
of UK firms listed on the 
Stock Exchange or quoted on 
the Unlisted Securities Mar- 
ker Up to £420 or 25 per cent 
of the annuaLsubscription can 
be placed in authorised unit 
trusts or investment trusts. 

Plan managers will have to 
be registered by law and 
authorised to cany on invest- 
ment business. 

During his speech on the 
final day of the Queen’s 
Speech debate, Mr Lawson 

revealed progress on one of 
foe Government’s major eco- 
nomic concerns. He told MPs 
that the growth in unit labour 
costs was slowing down. In foe 
first part of the year foe rise 
had been almost eight per 
cent, but in the third quarter it 
had fallen to about 4 Vi per 

This was clearly due, how- 
ever, less to a rail in wage 
increases than to an increase 
in productivity. Over the last 
six years, said-Mr Lawson, foe 
increase of nearly 5 per cent a 
year in manufacturing 
productivity had made Britain 
second only to Japan 
the major industriali 

Mr Lawson said that new 
spending pledges made by the 
Labour Party at its Blackpool 
conference this year had 
added another £9 billion a 
year to its planned spending 

He had costed this out on 
the basis of £200 million fora 
winter heating premium, 
£100 million for a higher 
Christmas bonus for pension- 
ers, £550 million for foe aboli- 
tion of standing charges for 
pensioners, £350 million for 
new policies on energy and 
£8 billion for the latest pen- 
sion increases promised by Mr 
Michael Meacber, foe shadow 
health minis ter. 

BR contract 

British Rail Engineering of 
Derby has won a £6 million 
contract from British Rail for 
the heavy overhaul and repair 
of 200 hopper waggons a year 
over foe nqxt 3 years, at its 
wagon works in Doncaster. 

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Flooding hit foe village of WeareGiffaid, north Devon, yesterday as mwfo of the country suffered torrential rain 

as usual’ 
in council 

A second Unionist-con- 
trolled council in Northern 
Ireland returned to normal 
business yesterday as un- 
happiness grew among 
“loyalist** councillors with 
plans for mass resignations 
from local authorities. 

Unionist members on An- 
trim council ended thdr tactic 
of adjourning meetings in 
order to avoid fines for being 
in contempt of a court de- 
cision ordering them to return 
to normal business. 

A further three councils at 
Castlereagh, Coleraine and 
Lisburn are in a similar pos- 
ition following a ruling earlier 
this month in the High Court 
at Belfast which declared il- 
legal the year-long adjourn- 
ment policy which has been 
part of Loyalist opposition to 
the Anglo-Irish Agreement. 

The Unionist councillors 
took little part in yesterday’s 
proceeding at Antrim but as 
there was a quorum of] 
Nationalist and Alliance 
members burin ess was able to 
be conducted. It is this that is 
worrying some local coun- 
cillors if they back calls for 
resignations as part of an 
escalation of the campaign 
against the Anglo-Irish 

‘Arms plot banker was 
not killed’ says Yard 

By Michael HorsneU 

Police have ruled out a 
murder investigation into the 
sudden death of an Iranian 
banker who was foe key fignre 
in foe world’s biggest inter- 
national arms smuggling 

Mr Cyrus Hashemi. who 
helped United States customs 
officers break a plot earlier 
this year to supply arms worth 
£1.7 billion to Iran via Israel, 
died in July at the private 
Cromwell Hospital in 

His brother Mr Djamshid 
Hashemi protested that he 
had been murdered but a post- 
mortem has revealed that Mr 
Hashemi. aged 48, died of 
acute leukemia complicated 
by a stroke: 

The results of toxidty tests 
are still awaited but no ev- 
idence to suggest foul play has 
arisen to warrant a Scotland 
Yard investigation. 

The death of Mr Hashemi, 
who lived in Belgravia, only 
two days after his illness was 
diagnosed threw doubt on the 
future of foe case in America 
against 14 people, inchrding 
several Israelis, arrested for 
their alleged part in the arms 

But Miss Lorna Schofield, 

assistant US attorney, said 
yesterday that the case would 
be prosecuted regardless of 
HashemTs death. 

Against foe background of 
the disclosure of President 
Reagan’s secret arms, supplies 
to man, which is now rekin- 
dling interest in the case; the 
Department of Justice has 
meanwhile sealed Hashemfs 
file on national security 

Mr Hashemi, a former 
chairman of Golf Trust and 
Credit was himself in 1984 a 
fugitive from American jus- 
tice fin- allegedly violating the 
US arms embargo to Iran 
imposed during the hostage 
crisis of 1979. As a familiar 
figure in London gambling 
erodes he also is known to 
have owed casinos a reputed 
£1.5 million. 

But earlier this year he 
agreed to help American cus- 
toms agents set Dp an elabo- 
rate undercover operation 
posing as an arms purchaser 
for foe Iranians. The opera- 
tion was the customs men’s 
most doseJy guarded secret for 
several months. The Israeli 
government has vehemently 
denied any involvement in foe 
smuggling operation. 

Give tenants 
leases, says 

- Warman, 

A proposal for reform of the 
private rented housing sector 
which would give tenants a 
tradeabte occupancy licence- 
in other words a lease — is put 
forward in a pamphlet pub- 
lished today by the Centre for 
Policy Studies. 

The proposed system is an 
attempt to resolve the diffi- 
culties involved in rent de- 
regulation. The tenant would 
be able to dispose of his 
property at the market rate, 
but at the end of a specified 
period the landlord would 
recover his property free of all 

The proposal is made by 
Martin Ricketts, a reader in 
economics at the University 
of Buckingham, who says that 
deregulation of private sector 
rents is necessary to improve 
the allocation iff resources in 
the housing field. 

Lets into leases (Centre for 
Policy Studies, 8, Wilfred Street, 
London SW1E 6P1~£4.60 + 30p 


Burts Tat Tkna 

AaXtna Sd» 29: SelQhm B Fn SO. 

S2.TS: Onarlet Pes 200: 
orus TO cents: DcanuniDkrmoO: 

Finland Mkk 9.00: Franc* F 8.00: W 

Germany DM 5.50: Gibraltar COp. 

Orator Dr 180: Houma 0.5.60: Irish 

Republic nop: uiy L 2.7tnLuaan> 

baura LT45: Madeira Esc 170: Malta 

3Sct Morocco Dar 10.00: Norway Kr 
10.00: Pakistan Rpgl 8. Portugal Esc 
170: smjapara SSjSO: Soata Pa. 200 
Sweden Skr 1 wtnwUradS Fra 
5.00: Tunm Ptn8p.CC: USA SI .78: 
Yugoslavia Dbi 700. 

Young lobby Parliament on homes 

By Trudi Mackintosh 

More than 300 young peo- 
ple, many of them unemployed 
and homeless, queued in the 
rain yesterday outside the 
House of Commons to lobby 
politicians fee a bitter housing 
deal for Britain's “forgotten 

The Parliamentary Youth 
Affairs Lobby, organized by 
the British Youth Coned) and 
other national youth organiza- 
tions, launched a youth rights 
campaign to tackle foe rising 
tide of young homeless and 
improve a critical accommoda- 
tion shortage thronghoot most 
areas of foe c ount r y . 

Yesterday they came from 
Liverpool, Manchester, Car- 
diff, Aberdeen and Bir- 
mingham to join young people 

from Berkshire, Hampshire, 
Cornwall and Loudon to push 
for a solution to their iuffivid- 
nl housing nightmares. 

There are an estimated 
100,600 homeless families in 
Britain, 33,000 of them hi 

But the British Yoefo Coun- 
cil said it is much harder to 
calculate the actual nambezs 
of young homeless people. 

Mr Kevin BaBey aged 22 
and unemployed for foe past 5 
years, left his home town of 
Liverpool at 5am yesterday 
with eight other unemployed 
friends to campaign for a 
better bousing deal. 

After Bring in a cramped 
bedsit for the past 6 months 
with do running hot water he 
add he saw ao way oat of his 
“housing nightmare”. 

*T wiff be a father in 3 weeks 
time but I only face the 
prospect of losing my 
giri&iead and foe baby be- 
cause I cannot provide decent, 
warm accommodation for 
them** he said. 

Miss Karen Cook, aged 23, 
from Marlow, Buckingham- 
shire, had to leave home at 16 
and has been homeless since. 
She said: *Tve slept on other 
people’s floors, been in and out 
at bed and breakfast accom- 
modation and even slept rough 

She said she could only get 
part time work so there was so 
way she could afford a deposit 
for a bedsit or flat 

A skilled tailor he said he 
coaid move south and get part 
time work bat he coaid not 
afford foe rests. 

Many other youn g sters had 
similar stories to teDL 
The Parliamentary Youth 
Affairs Lobby has asked 
young unemployed people 
throughout Britain to cam- 
paign in their areas ami 
nationally to get foe govern- 
ment lo provide more accom- 
modation for the young. 

• Mr David Steel, foe Liberal 
leader, and Mr Simon 
Hughes, Liberal MP for 
Southwark and Bermondsey, 
visited the the Centre Point 
night shelter for young home- 
less people in central London 
late on Tuesday night 
They also toored areas in 
Charing Cross and the South 
Bank, central London, early 
yesterday morning, speaking 
to more than 50 homeless 

Radical barristers in 
council poll victory 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

will remain a strong an in- 
dependent profession. Every 
one accepts there is a need for 
change; but there are those 
who wish to destroy the 
profession,” he said. The Bar 
was determined to survive. 

“That small bat vociferous 
group of solicitors who want 
fusion of the pro fe ssion’s two 
branches win find themselves 
fought every inch of the way.” 

Other Campaign for the Bar 
QCs elected are: Mr Martin 
Bowiey, Mr Gareth W illiams, 
Mr Murray Pickering and Mr 
David Farrow. 

Among the Bar 
ass o ciations’ candidates, Mr 
Robert Johnson QC, who led 
the Bar negotiating team in 
talks with foe Government on 
legal aid fees, polled top of all 
QCs elected to the genera] 
seats with 1,054 votes. Other 
successful QCs were Mr Mi- 
chael Hill, Mr Henry Brooke 
and Mr Igor Judge. 

The “counter-Sale” had 
four out of five of its silks 
elected; but only five of 1 1 of 
its juniors of more than seven 
years’. calL All its juniors got 

A group of reformist bar- 
risters under the banner 
“Campaign for the Bar” has 
achieved a second round of 
successes in foe elections for 
foe new Bar Council. 

The Campaign group, 
which shook the Bar Council 
traditionalists last autumn by 
taking 60 per cent of the 
general seats on a ticket for 
radical reform, has succeeded 
in getting all hs 20 candidates 
elected in last week’s elections. 

The results win mean a 
strong faction on foe new Bar 
Council in favour of a tough 
trade union-like stance on fees 
for publicly-funded work but 
also completely opposed to 
moves by solicitors for wider 
rights of audience. 

In all, its candidates polled 

16.900 votes and the foe so- 
called “counter Slate”, a group 
of 20 candidates put up by foe 
four Bar associations 
representing commercial and 
common, c riminal, famil y 
and chancery law, polled 

12.900 votes. 

Yesterday Mr Robin de 
Wilde, one of foe founders of 
foe Campaign group and foe 
candidate polling Us highest 
number of votes, said be was 
delighted with the results. 

“They mean foal foe Bar 


* The total poll was 1.054 (22 
papers were invalid), which 
represents a turnout of 43 per 
cent of the practising Bar. 

Airlines discuss new 
deal for passengers 

By Harvey Elliott, Air Corresponteat 

Europe’s top twenty airlines 
meet in Amsterdam today in 
another attempt to reach 
agreement on a new deal for 
air travellers. 

But there is bound to be 
fimee resistance from many of 
the airlines to growing pres- 
sure — especially from 
Britain — for greater freedom, 
lower fares and more 

Mr Kari-Heinz Neumeister, 
secretary general of the 
Association of European air- 
lines, hopes foal the 20 will 
agree to a gradual relaxation of 
the present restrictions 
foe way air travel is 

Je also hopes foal British 
Caledonian, who walked out 
of the powerful aero-political 
committee of the association 
last year because of the refusal 
of their rivals to allow greater 
flexibility on fares, win come 
back into the fold. 

But BCAL said last night 
that an the indications were 
that Europe was not yet ready 
to allow foe kind of com- 
petition that they, and other 
British airlines, are seeking 
and they would not be rejoin- 
ing the committee! 

The' association will be 
particularly concerned at new 

W . 

moves, especially by Ai 
Europe, to break up the exist 
ing cartels which meet to & 
fares and by the British 
Government’s detenninatioc 
to foipe true competition or 
airlines, even it means takinf 
them to protracted hearings in 
the European courts. 

• Thousands of Saudi Ara- 
bian holidaymakers are ex- 
pected to flock to Britain fin 
summer package tours in the 
wake of foe Royal visit. 

Interest in Britain has been 
greatly increased as a result oi 
the visit and now the British 
Tourist Authority has pul 
together a special cut-price 
package deal to attract Saudis. 

The all inclusive parfragn 
offers self drive and chanffeur- 
drive programmes, coach 
tours and visits to regional 

• Fewer people are now flying 
to America from Europe, but 
the' number of passengers 
coming the other way is going 

Puzzled airline chiefs are try- 
ing to work out why dime was 
a fall of more than 7 per cent 

in foe number of passengers 
earned on the 43 scheduled 
airlines in September, com- 
pared with foe same month 
last year. 

Police vow to continue 
search on moors until 
two bodies are found 



■U 1 ' 



‘ - . Ian Smith, Northern Correspondent 

^2-?^ ■_*_ - 1° tioncd, and documents and she found herself in but die 

statements re-examined. 


continiie searching the York- 
shire morns until they find the 
graves of two missing young- 
sters who, detectives are now 
convinced, were victims of 
laa Brady and Myra Hindley 
The promise to the mothers 
of-Koth Bennett, aged 12, and 
Pauline Reade, aged 16, was 
made yesterday by Det Chief 
Supt Peter Topping, the joint 
head of Greater Manchester 
CJD, who is leading the new 

Tactical support units, with 
dogs trained to detea bodies, 
will begin their search of 
Saddleworth Moor at 10am 
today and will continue until 
had weather forces a hal t If 
that happens then the search 
will resume in the spring. 

Mr John Stalker, Deputy 
Chief Constable of Greater 
Manchester, yesterday prom- 
ised that every facility would 
be available to those involved 
ra the inquiry. 

Mr Stalker is one of only 
three officers still on the force 
who took part in the original 
investigation, which began in 
1965 when Brady was a rre s te d 
after bludgeoning Edward Ev- 
ans, a teenager, to death. 

Mr Stalker said: “We hope 
this is the beginning of the 
end . . .'When the original in- 
quiry .ended it was always felt 
there was a certain amount of 
unfinished business and I am 
delighted Peter Topping has 
been able to reopen the 

“The case is deep in the 
psyche of most people in this 
part of the world and it is 
something that will never go 
away until we can dose the - 
book on the final chapter.” 

Mr Topping, at a press 
conference called immediately 
after his return from Cook- 
ham Wood jail in Rochester, 
Kent, where he spent several 
hours talking to Hmdley, ex- 
plained why the case had 
again come to the fore. 

After numerous newspaper 
articles and the publication of 
several books about the moors 
murders in. the : past 18 
months, the police received 
many letters ami offers of help 
from the public. A decision to 
re-open the case was tafa»n t to 
ease public ungnidi 

he saw Bradylniefiy test year 
and is now negotiating with 
authorities at' Park Tain* spe- 
cial hospital cm Merseyside to 
question him further. 

Mr Topping had three inter- 
views with Hmdley in her cefl 
at Cookham Wood, the first 
two on Monday and a further 
three-hour interview the 
following day, when Hindky’s 
solicitor was present 

She Was Shown of 

photographs sensed by police 
from the Manchester subur- 
ban council home she shared 
with Brady. All of them had 
been taken on Saddleworth 
Mow, which became a favour- 
ite haunt for the lovers. 

Hmdley closely examined 
each photograph and then told 
the detective which areas of 
the moorland were Brady’s 
particular favourites. 

Hmdley agreed to help after 
receiving a written plea from 
Mis. Winifred Johnson, aged 
53, the mother of Keith Ben- 
nett, who disappeared in 1964. 

Mr Topping said: “That 
seems to have considerably 
disturbed ben 

“She is upset and seemed 
troubled. I suppose it was the 
circumstances and fire place 

also my upset and 
moved by Mrs Johnson's la- 
ter. She seemed very troubled 
by the thought that a mother 
could have a child drat had 
not been properly buried.' 

Mr Touring, who hasseen 
both Mis Johnson and Mis , 
Joan Reade, the mother of 
Paul i ne, who disappeared in 
1963, said that they would 
never be able to push the 
tragedy from their minds until 
their children were found. 

He said that once the re- 
mains were found — scientists 
believe they wiH be well 
preserved in the peaty soil - a 
decision would have to be 1 
made whether to bring fresh ] 


- Lord Longford said yes- 
terday that he would continue , 
to campaign for the release of 
Hindley, whom he described 
as a good woman who would 
undoubtedly have been cast as 
a heroine had she appeared in 
a Dostoevsky noveL 

In an interview at West- 
minster, Lord; Longford mid 
that although be had not seen 
Hmdley for several days he 
was delighted at the help she 
was now giving police. 

Mrs WImfred Johnson, who wrote to Myra Hmdley in jail, 
holds a.ptetee of her nrissmgson Keifli Barnett, and a hr®- 
Itnesses were re-ques- ken pair of his spectacles (Photograph: Michael Anon) 

at failare 
of judges 

The recent failure of senior 
judges to agree on guiriefines 
for jurors in the case of the taxi 
driver killed taking a miner to 
work during the pit dispute 
was strongly criticized last 
night by Lord McGhiskey, 
delivering the Reith lecture 
(Frances Gibb writes), 

“It most be a matter of 
some dismay that in 1985 and 
1986 the judges in the highest 
courts were still at sixes and 
sevens on a matter as basic, as 
common and as elementary as 
intent in a murder case,” the 
Scottish High Court judge 

Giving his third lecture on 
BBC Radio 4, Lord 
McCluskey said that there was 
something wrong when “after 
considering hundreds of crim- 
inal cases involving intent” an 
agreed and universally ac- 
cepted statement of what the 
law required for proof of 
specific intent could not be 

In the case, which went to 
the House of Lords, two 
striking miners had their 
conviction for murder 
quashed and a verdict of 
manslaughter substituted. 

Government urged to 
keep the elderly warm 

By Jin Sherman 

Voluntary organizations _ 
have called on tire Govern- 
ment to start a big home 
heating and insulation pro- 
gramme for tire dderfy who, 
they say, are needlessly dying 
of arid-indneed heart attacks 
and strokes. . 

Figures from the Office of 
Population Censuses and Sur- 

coSest weeks tastwbtter6,155 
more people died than pro- 
jected in government es- 
timates. In the first week in 
March, the number of deaths 
was 19 per cent more than 
projected by the Government 
Mam causes of death were 
bronchitis, pneumonia and 
tiriraJatary conditions. 

Dr Kenneth Collins, an 
honorary senior cfixrical lec- 
turer in geriatric medicine at 
University College London, 
raid yesterday that if room 
temperatures dropped below 
18 degrees centigrade, elderly 
people who led an immobile 
life were very susceptible to 
respiratory- diseases and 
secondary virus infections. 

He told the launch of “A 
Week of Action on Cold 
HomesT*, organized by seven 
voluntary bodies; that if tem- 
peratures dropped as low as 12 

degreescentigrade elderly peo- 
ple could suffer increased 
Uood pressure which could 
trigger off heart attacks and 
strokes. “The length of time 
between the onset of a cold 
spell and an increase in 
mortalily was found to be one 
to two days for a heart attack, 
three to four days for strokes, 
and rare week for pneumonia 
and bronchitis.” 

Recent surveys have shown 
that 75 per cent of elderly 
people have temperatures of 
below 18 degrees centigrade in 
their living rooms and 10 per 
cent of the elderly have tem- 
peratures below 12 degrees. 

Figures collected by the 
organizations, which include 
Age Concern, Child Poverty 
Action Group, Help the Aged 
and Neighbourhood Energy 
Action, show that 46 per cent 
of elderly people living alone 
and 41 per cent of couples 
have no central heating. 

The action group has or- 
ganized days of action next 
week to inform the elderly of 
available relief measures, ei- 
ther through supplements 
benefits or aid from local 
authorities. It says the burden 
cannot be left to the voluntary 
sector alone. 

Former steel town to 
host garden festival 

By Tim Jones 

A derelict industrial site in 
windswept Ebbw Vale; where 
there is 25 per cent anemptey- 
ment, has been chosen to host 
the 1992 Garden FesthaL 
It is hoped the £30 mBfioo 
project will transform an old 
steelworks site and provide 
2,000 jobs. 

Local people were yesterday 
delighted with the news, its the 

closure at the steelworks, 
which employed 13,000 men, 
turned Ebbw Vale into one of 
the worst employment 
Mackspots in Wales. 

The Gwent town fooghtoff 
rival dates from Cardiff 
Swansea and Deeside. 

Mr Nicholas Edwards, Sec- 
retary of Stite for Wales, sift 
“The site is one of classic 
industrial dereliction at 
present, bat at the same tone it 
presents a partirulariy dra- 
matlc setting for the fcstivaL** 
One of the mala attraefioas 
of the festival wiH be a cable 
car ride ep the side of the 
valley to give spectacular 
views of the c ountrysid e. 

The Welsh Office and local 
organizers are confident that 
they have learnt the financial, 
tessuns of this year's evenr at 

Stoke-on-Trent; which dosed 
recently after ™fcwg a 
flBJ5i mhfiww lain, 

This - ca m par es with the 
£36ttBBon teas of the 1984' 

Liverpool International 
Garden Festival and the 
£18 mfllinn loss predicted for 
the 1988 Glasgow Inter- 
national Garden FestivaL 

Bad weather was Mamed for 
reducing attendance to 23 - 
miirkm from the hoped for 
3.5 mSfion at the Stoke 

Of the Stoke loss about 
£2 mHHon will beraet by Stoke 
City ratepayers, a farther 
£2 ™in<w by Staffordshire 
ratepayers and the balance by 
tte G ov e rnme nt. 

However, on the credit side 
initial investment produced 
709 part-time jobs for six 
months as well as much work 
for die construction industry. 

Tte denfict eyesore of the 
abandoned Shelton steel 
works was lechmned and 
permanent new sfip roads 
developed firms Stoke*® inner 
[■rood. An area of parkland 
’a pennesantly .wooded 

Jp wfll also pass to 

Stoke City Council paries 
d epartm e nt. 

Mr Ted Smith, deputy kad- 
er of Stoke CSty Council, who 
is also a festival board mem- 
ber, has said that file cost to 
Stoke is “peanuts’* compared 
with file enormous potential 
benefits to come in future from 
the redevdopcaeiit of the site. 

Two jailed 
for murder 

A man was jailed for 14 
years yesterday for the at- 
tempted murder of -his es- 
tranged wife. 

His closest friend was also 
sentenced to 14 years. 

Both Allen Harper-Taylor, 

r i 36, a property developer, 
Brecknock Road, Hollo- 
way, north London, and Leslie 
Bakker, aged 35, a mechanic, 
of Crossfidki Road, Clacton- 
on-Sea. Essex, had den ie d 

attempting to murder Mrs 
Julie Harper-Taylor, aged 29, 
ofNorth H31, Highgate, north 

The Genual Criminal Court 
jury found ' them guilty by a 
majority verdict 
The Common Sojeant, 
Judge Thomas Pigot, QC, said 
ft was almost miraculoip that 
Mrs Haiper-Taylor was not 
killed when shot in the head at 
dose range by Bakker as she 
left a bank mQeifcenwefl on 
July 5 last year. 

The court was told that 
Haiper-Taylor organized the 
attempt to 'kin his wife be- 
cause she had decided to end 
their stormy, marriage. She 
had jdannod to lake their three 
children with her.. 

The judge said: “On 
ayeryAehmogevidjence, lam 
satisfied that you both plotted 
a brutal murder.**. ; 

Doctor ‘refused to operate’ 

PC Alec Garty inspects the memorial at MusweU HSU in north London to his friend PC Keith Blakelock, who was kffled 
during the Tottenham nets. It wfll be officially unveiled tomorrow by Mr Nefl Kmnoch (Photograph: Jo hn Rogers). 

on Aids 

The Prime Minister said 
yesterday that the Govern- 
ments public education cam- 
paign against Aids would be 
“very explicit’* to bring home 
to people the enormity of the 
problem feeing the country 
(Philip Webster writes). 

“I think it is only when 
people realise the full enor- 
mity of the problem that is 
faring ns that they will be 
prepared to have things corn- 
through their letter box 
eh otherwise they would 
have found unusual”, she 
said, speaking on IThTs News 

' A hospital at Peterborough, 
in Cambridgeshire, Britain's 
first trade-in centre has been 
set up for drug users to obtain 
new syringes and needles. 

• Several Derbyshire firemen 
and policemen are being 
screened for Aids after rescu- 
ing a bleeding car driver who 
later claimed to have the 

A patient lay unconscious 
on the operating table for 45 
minutes after a surgeon re- 
fused to perform a fife-saving 
heart operation, a disciplinary 
hearing was told yesterday. 

The patient had been pre- 
pared for surgery by the time 
Mr Felix Weale, a surgeon at 
West Hill Hospital, Dartford, 
telephoned the hospital to say 
he would not be coming. 

The patient, who was bleed- 
ing - from the main heart 
artery, was left in the hands of 
a junior doctor unqualified to 
perform the operation. 

Another surgeon began 
operating 45 minutes laier. 
The operation, which took 
place on December 24, 1983, 
tasted more than four hours. 

Mr Wrote; aged 62, a 
consultant from Snome, Kent, 
denied serious professional 
misconduct at the pro- 
fessional conduct committee 
hearing of the General Medi- 
cal Council in London. 

Mr Julian Bevan, for the 
medical council, said Mr 
Weale was the consultant on 
duty and was on call at home. 
He was contacted and gave 

instructions for the patient to 
be prepared for surgery. He 
told Dr Jayantilal Depani, 
who had qualified as a surgeon 
a year earlier, to make the 
incision ready for surgery and 
to damp the aorta. 

Mr Bevan said the incision 
was made at 8.55am and at 
9.05am — five minutes after 
his drift finished — Mr Weale 
telephoned the hospital to say 
he would not be coming. 

He told the hospital to 
contact Mr Frederic Skid- 
more, the senior registrar 
consultant, to do the opera- 
tion. Mr Skidmore was on 
duty but was at his home 10 
mites away. 

Mr Bevan said the two men 
were the only doctors in the 
Dartford and Gravesham 
health area qualified to carry 
out vascular surgery. 

Mr Skidmore was con- 
tacted. He then telephoned Mr 
Weale to tell him his patient 
was on the operating table. Mr 
Weale was said to have replied 
that he was not on duty. Mr 
Bevan said Mr Skidmore rang 
the hospital and told them to 
do nothing until he arrived 

because clamping the aorta 
required considerable skill. 

The patient recovered and 
was discharged from hospital 
on January 9. 

Mr Bevan said Mr Skid- 
more had come to the hospital 
11 years after Mr Weale, and 
that there was bad feeling 
between the two men. 

The hearing continues. 

• A doctor was told yesterday 
he must undergo retraining 
after he failed to diagnose 
bacterial meningitis virus in a 

Dr Nibiti Pal told the baby's 
parents he thought their child, 
aged four months, had a 
respiratory infection and pre- 
scribed antibiotics. 

The parents took their child 
to hospital after its head 
became swollen. The child 
recovered after 10 days of 

Dr Pal of Knottingley, 
West Yorkshire, was found 
guilty of serious professional 
misconduct by the pro- 
fessional conduct committee 
of the General Medical 


Tonic for 

A retired brewery worker I 
tiie sole wimmr of yesterday V 
Portfolio Gold prize of £4SS§^ 
Mr Alan C ox, aged 69, o£ 
Banstead, Surrey, has player 
the Poztfofio Gold game since 
it started hi The Times ; 
“I am very happy to have. 

won,” be said. “But I feel qnite; 

calm about it** 

Asked how he intended; 
spending the prize money. Mis 
Cox said: “It will go towards a’ 
holiday.” ? 

Readers who wish to play* 
the game can obtain a Port-c 
folio Gold card by sending ar 
stamped addressed envelope^ 
to: Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, 

PO Box 40, : 

Blackball, 'I 

BB1 6AJ. 

Mr Alan Cox: quite calm * 

Remand in 
firebomb \ 

Five Tamils accused of 
murdering three Tamil stix 
dents in a petrol bomb attack! 
on an east London house were; 
yesterday remanded in cus-; 
tody for six days when they: 
appeared at Stratford: 
Magistrates' Court. * 

Other Tamils were hurt ini 
the fire in a terrace house in: 
East Ham on Friday. ; 

The five charged are Samuel* 
Veerasingam Kulasingham, 
aged 30, of Hathaway Cres-’ 
cent. Manor Park, East Ham;! 
Nadarajam Varathadasan,: 
aged 22, Ponnu Ravi' 
Sinnakady, aged 21, Gerald: 
Prabaharan Nadaraj, aged 23* 
and Premraj Sivalingam, aged: 
22, all of East Ham HvghI 
Street South, east London. * 

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i a 

i as 




November 19 1986 


Policy lurch is aimed at 
election, says Hattersley 

The lurch in policy for which the 
Chancellor of the Exchequer 
now claimed credit was not 
intended to promote the best 
interests of the country but to 
further the interests of the 
Conservative Party and Conser- 
vative MP5 in marginal seats in 
a general election. Mr Roy 
Hattersley. chief Opposition 
spokesman on Treasury and 
economic affairs said in the 

Opening the resumed debate 
on the Queen's Speech, he said 
that the policy lurch would tail 
in it's squalid objective. But 

6 Race between 
polling day and 
sterling crisis 9 

there was no doubt about the 
purpose of Mr Lawson's swerve. 

•it is a pretence which can 
only be sustained for a few 
months, a pretence which is 
only intended to last for a few 
months. The pretence is that the 
Government has suddenly de- 
veloped a compassionate con- 
cern for housing, health and 

In the words of The Spectator . 
the temple of Conservative rec- 
titude. the Conservative Party 
now offered a collection of 
economic policies which might 
have fallen off* the back ot a 

The Chancellor had become 
the Arthur Daly of British 
politics, and the cut price sole of 
Britain's national capital assets 
was the most disreputable of all 
his nice little 'earners’. 

Mr Hattersley moved an 
amendment regretting that the 
Queen's Speech provided for the 
continued pursuit of pplicies 
which perpetuated uniquely 
high real interest rates and 
seriously worsening balance of 
payments problems, and which 
would not sustain the recent 
additional public expenditure 
commitments in any coherent 
and productive way. 

It called on the Government 
to introduce policies that would 
produce some sustained im- 
provement in the strength and 
competitive performance of the 
real economy and substantial 
and persistent reductions in 
unemployment and poverty 
which had risen to record levels 
under the Government. 

Mr Hattersley said that he did 
not trust the Chancellor's 
motives. He did not believe the 
forecast about the economic 

In 1979 he did not believe 
that during the next seven years 
this country would suffer the 
highest unemployment in its 
history, the highest interest rates 
in its history, the lowest value of 
sterling in history and the worst 
balance of trade figures in its 

The City had queued up in the 
past fortnight to condemn the 
Chancellor whose lurch was all a 

One reason an early election 
was now certain was that after 
next autumn the failure of 
government policy would be 
absolutely undeniable. The 
Chancellor knew he had taken a 
gamble which could not be 
sustained indefinitely. The early 
election would be in the hope 
that the Tory Party would win 
the race between polling day and 
the next big sterling crisis. 

The Chancellor bad no long- 
term policy. The medium-term 
financial strategy was dead and 
discredited. He had nothing to 
replace a. 

That was the reason that the 
Chancellor had refused point 
blank two weeks ago to answer 
five crucial questions about the 
real economy. 

These were: When would 
unemployment, even on the 
Government's own manipu- 
lated figures, be down to three 
million? When would thejobs in 
the economy be back to their 
1979 level? When would real 
interest rates fell to their 1979 
level or even the level enjoyed 
by other industrialized coun- 
tries? When would the balance 
of payments move into perma- 
nent and regular surplus? When 
would man ufijci uring invest- 
ment return to the level that the 
Government bad inherited? 

There was unanimous agree- 
ment on the Labour benches 
that a major training initiative 
was needed and that without 
more training there would never 
be the expansion of the econ- 
omy which was desperately 
needed. There was also unani- 
mous agreement that because 
there was no government policy 
there was virtually no training. 

The training policy Labour 
would bring in would be fi- 
nanced by the only possible 
means, a levy and grant system. 
There was unanimity about 

Mr John Prescott, chief 
Opposition spokesman on em- 
ployment. could not have been 
more frank in his judgement 
that that levy should be I per 
cent. No doubt that was what 

would be put into the policy 
discussion committee. "And we 
shall see what comes out". Mr 
Hattersley said amid some 
Conservative laughter. 

The Government's response 
to poverty and unemployment 
was to obscure the extent of its 
failure by the constant man- 
ipulation of figures. 

The Government could not 
do that with sterling. With a 
month of bad figures, money 
supply and balance of payments, 
they would be back in another 
bout of speculation and depreci- 
ation. The Chancellor’s re- 
sponse would be another 
increase in interest rates- 

The balance of payments 
crisis would be the direct result 
of three related causes: the 
consumer and credit boom that 
the Government had en- 
couraged in the hope of political 
gain: a manufacturing industry 
so damaged during the past 
seven years that its share of 
world trade had fallen by 16 per 
cent since 1979; and. most 
desperate of all. the waste of oil 
revenues and earnings which 
should have been used to revive 
manufacturing industry but had 
been squandered on the cost of 
escalating unemployment and 
were now beginning to run out. 

The Chancellors horizons 
were no further off than the next 
genera] election. 

What they had had from the 
Chancellor was not a U-turn but 

6 Mr Hattersley is a 
very worried man 9 

an S- turn, because be had 
snaked about lor several months 
and hoped to return to his 
original course. Indeed, be 
would be required to, because 
his present policies could not be 

"It is simply foolish to go 
about boasting that you are 
breaking even on the house- 
keeping by selling the house 
itselfbit by bit." 

Government policy offered 
no solution for the two great 
social scandals for which the 
Chancellor's policy was respon- 
sible: poverty and unem- 

The fall in unemployment 
was not the result of economic 
policy but the product of 
manipulation. Labour proposed 
to reduce unemployment by one 
million, whatever the register 
Labour inherited. 

Part of the Conservative elec- 
tion strategy was to set one 

group of the population against 
another and to exacerbate di- 
visions in the country. 

While people were being set 
against black over immigration: 
rich against poor by the pretence 
that by cutting services one 
could cut taxes; and the em- 
ployed against the unemployed 
by saying that men and women 
on the dole queues had priced 
themselves out of jobs. 

"This is a shabby Govern- 
ment. At the election, we shall 
prove how badly the Conser- 
vatives have underrated the 
wisdom of the British people. 
They will go to the polls 
demanding to know what the 
waste and misery of the last 
seven years have all been for 
and demanding that there is a 
better future after the polls 

Mr Nigel Lawson, Chancellor of 
the Exchequer, said that the 
Opposition had not deviated 
from the failed nostrums of the 
past Mr Hattersley bad re- 
vealed himself to be apprehen- 
sive of the forthcoming general 
election. "He is a very very 
worried man.” 

Under the last Labour Gov- 
ernment, output fell, productiv- 
ity rose only very slowly and 
Britain's volume of world ex- 
ports of manufactured goods 
declined steadily. Today the 
outlook for manufacturing in- 
dustry was encouraging. 

The first half of the year was a 
difficult period because of the 
pause in world economic 
growth, but that pause was now 
over. The competitive position 
of British manufacturers had 
been improved by the adjust- 
ment of the exchange rate 
following the oil price falL The 
pick-up was already well under 

"In the third quarter of this 
year, manufacturing output was 
more than I per cent higher 
than in the second quarter and 
exports were some 3 per cent 
higher than in the first half of 
the year. 

"With faster world trade and 
improved cost competitiveness. 

I see nothing outlandish in 
forecasting an even stronger rise 
in manufacturing output next 
year of the order of 4 per cent.” 

Over the past six years, 
manufacturing productivity had 
risen by nearly S per cent a year, 
second only to Japan among the 
main industrialized countries. 

The drop in the unemploy- 
ment figures over the past three 
months was the largest three- 
monthly fall for 13 years. 

Onslaught on minister 

Bleak outlook for young jobless 

The following is a summary oj 
vesterdavs resumed debate in 
the Commons on the Queen's 

Mr John Smith, Opposition 
spokesman on trade and in- 
dustry. moved an amendment 
regretting that the Queen's 
Speech contained no credible 
strategy for securing a continual 
reduction in unemployment or 
for strengthening and moderniz- 
ing manufacturing industry and 
recapturing home and foreign 
markets for British goods. 

He said that, despite the 
Government's blatant attempts 
to cook the figures by 18 
different alterations in the 
collection and presentation of 
unemployment statistics, un- 
employment was frighteningly 
high. The real figure was in 
excess of four million, whatever 
the Government's cooked statis- 
tics presented. 

Of that total a frightening 
number were under 25: one and 
a quarter million young people 
under 25 were on the dole and 
for many of them the prospect of 
any employment in the future 
must look very bleak indeed. 

The cost to the nation of the 
unemployment bill was £22 bil- 
lion. a frightening commitment 
in terms of public expenditure, 
let alone Lhe human misery that 
these figures revealed. 

' Unless there was some dra- 
matic change in the figures in 
rhe last quarter of this year, and 
there was no reasonable ex- 
pectation of that the figures for 
1986 would mean that Britain 
would be in deficit to the extent 
of £5 billion in the balance of 
trade in manufactured goods. 
Under this Government Britain 


went into deficit for the first 
time in its history, and the trend 
was downwards. 

On the shipbuilding industry, 
the EEC was phasing out exist- 
ing schemes for support by the 
end of the year and deciding on 
what kind of intervention there 
was to be from the start of next 
year, ft was crucial that the 
Government should fight for a 
proper support system. 

The EEC must decide whether 
to surrender the shipbuilding 
industry to the Far East com- 
petition or to maintain it for the 
upturn in orders in 1990. 

The Government had a 
chance to play its part now in 
saving the industry from 

The Government was in dan- 
ger of going badly wrong with 
the sted industry. To create a 
profit as a precursor to 
privatization would bring the 
danger of substantial cutting of 
existing steel plant- 

There would be no future for 
British civil aerospace unless the 
airbus project went ahead. If the 
Government came out of the 
project or did not give BAe the 
support to allow it to be a fall 
member of the project, others 
would want to join. 

The lime was overdue for 
Britain to have an industrial 
strategy to make sure (hat 
investment was available for 
industry, that spending was 
sufficient for research and 
development. That was crucial 
to the new products and pro- 

cesses by which the nation made 
its living. 

Mr Paid Channon, Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry, 
said that Mr Smith’s speech had 
been a travesty of the truth. He 
had given a doom-laden and 
depressing account of the con- 
dition of British industry which 
bore little resemblance to 

"In fact, the outlook and 
prospects for British industry 
are better than for many years. 
We are now in our sixth 
successive year of steady 

Nobody denied that there 
were serious problems of un- 
employment but the number of 
vacancies stood at the highest 
level for seven years and the fall 
in the unemployment register in 
the past three months was the 
greatest for 13 years. 

Manufacturing industry had 
been adapting and growing. 
While, in common with most 
industrial countries, there was a 
pause earlier this year, there 
were now dear signs of a 
resumption in growth. In addi- 
tion. manufacturing efficiency, 
productivity, was up by more 
than 30 per cent since the end of 
1980. an average of 5 per cent a 
year over five years. 

Over the lifetime of this 
Government it had grown by an 
average of 3.5 per cent a year, a 
growth level second only to 
Japan's and four times as fast as 
in the Labour years of govern- 
ment The base for continued 
expansion had been laid. 

The United Kingdom con- 
tinued to consolidate its pos- 
ition as one of the three main 
financial centres in the world. 

but if markets were to operate 
successfully they needed to be 
effident and orderly. Con- 
sumers. whether of goods or 
services, must be sure they 
would not be "ripped off". 

“We have had six years of 
trading surplus under this Gov- 
ernment Of course we are going 
to move into temporary deficit 
next year because the price of oil « 
has dropped. 1 

"It would be astonishing if 
that did not have a temporary 
effect on the balance of pay- 
ments. 1 have every confidence 
that we shall very soon be 
moving bark into surplus." 

Mr Ian Wrigglesworth (Stock- 
ton South. SDP) referred to two 
fundamental problems facing 
the country — Britain’s compet- 
itiveness and the disastrous 
decline in its manufacturing 

Over the next few months 
Britain might enjoy a short-term 
consumer boom but the brakes 
would be slammed on hard 
immediately after the genera) 
election. . . 

Mr Kenneth Clarke, Minister 
for Employment, said it was the 
long-term unemployed pool of 
more than one million who were 
the social problem, the people 
unable to share in the rising 
living standards which the vast 
majority of the rest of the people 
were starting to enjoy. 

The long-term unemployed 
had replaced the young unem- 
ployed as the Government's 
first priority because youth un- 
employment was now steadily 

The Opposition amendment 
was rejected by 348 votes to 197 
— Government majority, 151. 




When Mr Jack Straw, a Labour 
spokesman on local govern- 
ment, asked what was the 
difference between Labour co- 
uncils advertising in Labour 
Weekly and Conservative coun- 
cils advertising in The Times. 
Mr Rhodes Boyson, Minister for 
Local Government, invited Mr 
Straw to visit the minister's 
oculist if be could not tell the 
difference between the two 

Mr Simon Coombs (Swindon, 
C) had asked Mr Boyson to look 
carefully at the use of Labour 
Weekly by an increasing num- 
ber of Labour-controlled local 
authorities as a medium for 
advertising posts in local gov- 
ernment. He asked whether it 
constituted a contravention of 
the Local Government Act. 
1986, and, if not, to make sure it 
was outlawed in future. 

Mr Boyson: 1 have looked at the 
question of advertisements in 
Labour Weekly. If a lot of 
people are appointed and the 
advertisements are value for 
money, people will doubt the 
objectivity of local government. 
If they do not bring in replies, it 
will be a waste of ratepayers’ 
money subsidizing a political 

Mr Peter Hardy (Wentworth, 
Lab): If the Government wishes 
to amend local government 
legislation, it would be better 
advised to make dear that it is 
not the intention to prevent 
responsible local authorities 
from making sure their electors 
have access to proper informa- 
tion so that they can be reason- 
ably informed. 

Mr Boyson: I agree that to 
provide information on what a 
council has done objectively is 
part of its job. but if they move, 
as they have in some areas, to 
party political propaganda or 
partisan material, that is entirely 
a wrong use of ratepayers' 

Mrs Marfan Roe (Broxbourne, 
C) asked for an investigation of 
the use of co-option of non- 
elec ted representatives to coun- 
cil committees. 

Mr Boyson: There is a long 
tradition of co-option on local 
education authorities, but that is 
put at risk by using trade union 
representatives to get majorities 
on committees. It puts at risk 
the whole of co-option in local 

Fury and protests 
over attack 

There were load Labour proteas 
when Mr Christopher Chope, 
Under-Secretary of State for the 
Environment, In criticizing lhe 
activities of the Labour-con- 
trolled Ealing Borough Council 
in London, said then might be 
an early opportunity to test local 
opinion of its polides on high 
spending and homosexuality. 

That opportunity would arise, 
be said, if die c hair man of 
Ealing council's gay and lesbian 
rwramiiige were to resign after 
his conviction earlier tins week 
fin- an indecent act in a public 
lavatory, and thus cause a by- 

Mr Chope was replying to Sir 
George Young (Ealing, Acton, 
Q, who said that until the 
unpopular and extreme activities 
of local antherhies such as 
Ealing were roundly denounced 
by the Labour Party he would 
continue to tell bis co ns tit ue nts 
that a La boor government if 
elected, would be just like Ealing 
council — only bigger (Conser- 
vative cheers and laughter). 

Sir George had been greeted 
with ironic cheers from the 
Labour benches when he was 
called to speak became he was 
Mr Chope's immediate prede- 
cessor as Environment Under- 
secretary and lost his post in the 
last reshuffle. 

Opening the exchanges, Mr 
Harry Greeaway (Ealing North, 
Q said that the reckless spend- 
ing of the Labour council in 
Ealing was gring to came a rate 
increase of 60 per cent after just 
one year, whereas rates had been 
reduced by 4 per cent under the 


Mr Chope said that he sym- 
pathized with the citizens of 
Ealing who, contrary to Mr 
Greeuway’s advice, had allowed 

the nwnwhvniii Kfrmodtitt 

council to be elected last May 
and they weald have to pay. 

Mr Peter Pike (Burnley, Lab) 
asked when the Government 
would accept that the criteria by 
which it judged local government 
spending was totally wrong. 
Mr Chope: In the enrreat finan- 
cial year the 40 rate-capped and 
precept-Cnrited authorities are 
responsible for £1.167 million of 

7 per-cent* "trf over spending li 
shared among all the other 

Later, on a point of order, Mr 
Max Madden (Bradford West, 
Lab) said to the Speaker: The 
Under-Secretary of State was 
appearing at the despatch box 
for the find fine today and it is 
therefore understandable and 
excusable if he was in a rather 
excitable frame of mind. 

Bot it is not imderstondable or 
excusable that he should make 
disgraceful remarks about the 
elected member of Ealing Bor- 
ough CoonciL 

The Speaker: This is a peremtia] 
question. We should take great 
care in the way we make 
accusations — it has happened 
before today — about people 
outside this House who have no 
recourse because we have free- 
dom of speech here. 

Magazine ‘nonsense’ 

A document of "nonsensical 
propoganda" produced by the 
Labour-controlled Leicester Ci- 
ty Council was misrepresenting 
the Housing and Planning Act, 
1986, and causing unnecessary 
worry to council tenants, Mr 
Richard Tracey, Under-Sec- 
retary of State for the Environ- 
ment. said during Commons 

He was responding to Mr 
Derek Spencer (Leicester South. 
C), who said that the council 
had put out at ratepayers’ 
expense, a glossy magazine 
called Estates For Sale, which 
attacked the Act and gave the 
impression that council tenants’ 
homes would be sold over their 

heads. It was a disgraceful 

Mr Tracey replied: He is ab- 
solutely right and it is a good 
thing that he has brought it to 
the attention of the House. I 
have the document here. 

It says "Estates For Sale: The 
case against council estate sales 
in Leicester". This we believe is 
another blatant case of mis- 
representation and misreporting 
of Section 9 of the Act which is 
causing the most unnecessary 
worry to council tenants. The 
Minister of State for Housing 
(Mr John Batten) has made dear 
that these tenants need fear 

and Ms 

A dispute erupted in the Com- 
mons when Mr Ni chol a s Rid- 
ley, Secretary of State for the 
Environment, remarked that 
Mr Tony Banks (Newham 
North West. Lab) appeared to 
be stealing municipal treasure 
that belonged to the now de- 
funct Greater London Council. 
Mr Bank*, former GLC chair- 
man. is reported to have said be 
will not hand over the treasure 
to the London Residuary Body- 
responsible for winding up the 
GLC*s affairs. 

When be rose daring ques- 
tions on housebuilding figures 
there were interruptions from 
the Conservative benches. He 
then remarked amid laughter 
"At least the family silver is safe 
in my hands". 

Mr Ridley: I do not know- if it 
would be sub judice or not to ask 
if Mr Banks is not just accused 
of selling the family silver be 
appears to be stealing H. 

There was renewed laughter 
when The Speaker (Mr Bernard 
WeatherilT) commented: 1 think 
the words are 'taking care of. 

There were further interrup- 
tions as The Speaker tried to get 
on with other business and Mr 
Uqn h g said "I am not letting that 

The Speaker told him that he 
would with the matter bier. 

At the end of question time 
Dr John Cunningham, chief 
Opposition spokesman on the 
environment, said: I asked car- 
tier if the Secretary of State had 
been asked to withdraw the 
totally groundless allegation he 
made against the member for 
Newham North West. 

I hope you will invite him to 
do so now, especially since 
Erskine May [the guide to 
parliamentary practice] makes it 
dear that unfounded allegations 
which have imputations against 
members should be withdrawn 

The Speaker I did hint to the 
Secretary of Stale, perhaps he 
will now. 

Mr Ridley: I did ia response, 
and 1 repeat it now, withdraw 
the allegation of stealing and 
substituted your suggested form 
of words of ‘taking care of the 
family silver*, just as someone 
took care of my silver two years 
ago but he has not returned it yet 

Mr Banks: I am willing to take 
many things in this House and I 
more than take my fair share of 
common abuse coming from the 
other side and it descended 
today dining question time to 
levels none of us in this House 
have heard for a long time 

What he said is quite un- 
acceptable. He made imputa- 
tions of the most serious nature 
against me. He actually used the 
word stealing.'" He has not with- 
drawn that, he has merely- 
rephrased it and 1 must insist he 
not only withdraws, but apolo- 

The Speaker I do not think I 
can be helpful in this matter. 
The whole House knows any 
charge touching upon the integ- 
rity of a member is out of order 
and the Secretary of State has 
withdrawn what be said. 

Mr Ridley: For the third time of 
asking, Ido. 

Housing land 

Mr Nicholas Ridley, Secretaray 
of State for the Environment, 
said during questions that there 
were about 60,000 acres of land 
owned by local authorities 
which could, and should, be put 
into housing production. That 
was why he intended to seek 
extra powers in the Local Gov- 
ernment Bill, which would come 
before the House soon, to gel a 
better way of ensuring that these 
acres were used for the benefit of 
the people. 

New bishops 

The Bishop of Salisbury, the 
Right Rev John Austin Baker, 
and the Bishop of Blackburn, 
the Right Rev David Stewart 
Cross, were introduced and took 
their seats in the House of 

Parliament today 

Commons (230): Debate on 
report of the Peacock committee 
on financing the BBC. 

Lords (3k Debate on nuclear 
power in Europe. 

Intelligence group 
call by Alliance 

By Martin Fletcher, Political Reporter 

Dr David Owen and Mr 
David Steel called yesterday 
for the creation of a select 
committee of privy coun- 
sellors with the power to 
scrutinize the budget and con- 
duct of the intelligence 

Such a committee would 
make the intelligence services 
accountable to the whole na- 
tion. It would meet in private, 
have the power to summon 
the Prime Minister and pub- 
lish no evidence. Its ultimate 
sanction, however, would be 
to “publish and be damned" if 
it found evidence of wro- 

Using the appropriate occa- 
sion of the Alliance's first 
wceldy on-the-record briefing 
for journalists and television. 
Dr Owen said that such a 
committee would end the 
"selective openness" of the 
present Government and pre- 
vent it "making an ass of 
itseir as it was in Australia at 

In a scathing attack on the 
Government's behaviour, he 
said that it had allowed 
publication of favourable 

confidential material j*hrai| 

the intelligence services, but 
had attempted to suppress 
publication of unfavourable 
information. "You are ending 
up with a can of worms." 

In this case the result was 
that a book which would 
otherwise have received little 
publicity was now assured of 
huge advances, huge sales and 
a huge readership. 

But Dr Owen widened his 
attack to include all areas of 
government. When it suited 
this Government to release 
information, to mislead or to 
“rubbish" Cabinet colleagues 
through the lobby system, it 
did. When it did not suit the 
Govern menL it did noL 

“It is high time journalists 
in this country realized they 
have been conned", he said. 

Mr Steel said that the 
intelligence services were be- 
ing treated “as a private army 
and subject to private vendet- 
tas and intrigues". 

The committee of privy 
counsellors would be respon- 
sible to Parliament as a whole 
and would allow “a little fresh 
air to blow into the suffocat- 
ingly closed world of British 

‘Environment disaster 9 

Absentee landlords accused 

By Sheila Gunn 
Political Staff 

Lord Massereene and Fer- 
rari, the Scottish landowner 
and salmon farmer, accused 
forestry syndicates such as 
Fountain Forestry, which is 
backed by the pop group 
Genesis, as the “worst sort of 
absentee landlord". 

These firms, growing thou- 
sands of acres of sitka spruce, 
made fortunes while destroy- 
ing some of the finest natural 
environment in die world, be 

“All the rare birds go: the 
falcons, the eagles, the harri- 
ers, the birds of the moor and 
the open hill go. Nothing 
grows under sitka spruce be- 
cause it is a densely growing 
tree, especially when it is 
planted by man." 

In his speech hi the House 
of Lords, Lord Massereene 
said be was in favour of the 
Forestry Commission and had 
planted many thousands of 
trees with his own hands. The 
threat came from syndicates 
based in London. 

“Fountain Forestry in par- 
ticular, as I have experience of 
it, is backed by the Genesis 
pop group. I do not object to 
that, although I am not a pop 

Lord Massereene: Syn- 
dicates do not understand. 

fan. They hare bought up a 
large part of south Muff, 
which is on my southern 

He added: "What is all- 
heal thy is that 1 doubt whether 
any of these people who pot 
money into these syndicates 
have seen the land they own. 
They know nothing about the 
land and do not know the 

people. When we talk of 
absentee landlords, these are 
the worst types of absentee 
landlord that have ever existed 
in this country." 

He said the blanket cover of 
sitka spruce also caused acid- 
ity which affected the salmon 
grown on his farm. 

■ “As to pop groups - one 
young maw went there for a 
day or two some four or five 
years ago. He seemed very 
pleasant bat he had not got a 

"1 have nothing against pop 
groups but I think that these 
people who put the money into 
these big syndicates do not 
really understand the harm 
they are doiq to the 

Yesterday Mr Bill Dodds, 
managing director of Fountain 
Forestry, said it was rubbish to 
saggest it had no interest in 
the fond, it had been in 
business for 30 years and 
managed 250.000 acres of 
forest from Caithness to Corn- 

"We know as nrach about 
the Land and forestry as be 
does, and probably more. 
There is no evidence whatso- 
ever that the planting of trees 
does increase acidification in 

Tory call 
for action 
on Israel 

Conservative MPs are to 
urge the Foreign Office to 
demand an explanation from 
Israel about the disappearance 
of Mr Mordechai Van emu 
from Britain Iasi month. 

The move comes after the 
first official criticism of the 
Israeli authorities over the 
affair in the Commons. 

Mr David Waddington, 
Minister of State at the Home 
Office, said that it was un- 
satisfactory that they had not 
given an explanation of the 
circumstances of the arrival of 
Mr Vanunu in Israel or even 
the date of his arrival there. 

The nuclear technician is 
now awaiting trial after giving 
information about his coun- 
try's alleged production of 
nuclear weapons to The Sun- 
day Times. 

After Mr Waddington’s re- 
marks Conservative MPS are 
demanding that the Govern- 
ment should take action. 

Mr Dennis Walters, Conser- 
vative MP for Westbury. is to 
see Mr Tim Renton, Minister 
of State at the Foreign Office, 
today to ask him to instruct 
the British ambassador in Tel 
Aviv to seek a proper explana- 
tion from the Israelis. 

Creative accounts 
come under fire 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 

Labour local authorities are 
examining ways ofbypassinga 
government dampdown on 
creative accounting, the prac- 
tice employed to escape gov- 
ernment spending controls 
which has already run up a bill 
for the future of £2 billion. 

Under legislation shortly to 
come before Parliament, 
which will apply retrospec- 
tively to last July when it was 
first announced, Mr Nicholas 
Ridley, Secretary of State for 
the Environment is banning 
deferred purchase deals under 
which councils remove cur- 
rent spending from the con- 
trols by malnng deals with 
finance institutions to pay in 
future years. 

The practice, which allowed 
Liverpool council to fund a 
large capital spending pro- 
gramme. caused much con- 
cern in the Labour leadership 
which fears that it will have to 
“pick up the tab" at a time 
when it will be wanting to 
concentrate expenditure 'on 
large measures of job creation, 
and in the Government on 
which the problem will fall if it 
is re-elected, 

But the Ridlev ban came too 

late to stop the councils 
organizing creative schemes 
amounting to the £2 billion, 
and some Labour treasurers 
have now embarked on a 
search for fresh methods of 
stretching financial budgets. 

Many of the ideas were 
floated by treasurers at a 
seminar organized last -week 
by the Chartered Institute of 
Public Finance and Accoun- 

They included: 

• Restructuring the debts of 
councils so that interest pay- 
ments are smaller in the early 

• Creating special funds with 
the aim of increasing expen- 
diture for blcok grant pur- 

• Leasing property and equip- 
ment, including even library 
books, rather than purchasing 

The Government is to 
watch closely to see how 
successful the crackdown on 
deferred purchasing turns out. 
But further action against the 
big spending councus will be 
certain if they continue to 
flout the intention of the ban 
through creative accounting. 


V i : r 

;^ni s 

•■nilv * 

i : * 

■ ? ) y . ' - 




Tebbit’s attack 
on the BBC set 
to cast shadow 

over Peacock 

By Robin Oakley, Political Editor . 

. . *5® bltter jEspute between to test partiamentarv opinion 

if^rv? 3311 Te ^ t ' T J ainnaD on the advertising optionand 
Parl ^ 7 4°d OD a number of Peacock 
the BBC over ite reporting of reconunendations before 
tne Araenean bombing raid announcing its own policies, 
ontibya,^ set 19 overshadow . TteLaboKr Partyis still 

mo ns on t befinandag of the on broadcasting and tbeAIli-- 
broadcastag mijs&y. anqe has produced no formal 

B* 11 Mr Do uglas Hurd, policy document itself 
Home Secretary has been Inlroducmgtliie debate, Mr 
carefiil to istay on the sidelines Hind bexpSaed reindicate 
E? be .anxious re steer the Government’s intention to * 

the debate in a different produce a comprehensive 
9n rf fcv n broadrasting.Bill early in the 
rJaL H n 81111 *“* P 0 * 1 Phriiatnent, which would 

“ ooiiraguB will be include provisions for phasing 
helped by the feet that the out the television licence and 
opposition parties are in a . introducing pay-as-you-view 1 
gate of indecision over the television. The Government 
Peacock wmmttee s report will welcome the opening up 
0D -r£ e " dure broadcasting. of the tele vision market to 
The Peacock amrautteedid intense competition by cable 
not deliver quite what the television and direct 
Government had expected. broadcasting by satellite and 
Mrs Thatcher was, and is Mr Hurd will support a guar- 
believed to remain, an entbo- an teed right of access to the 
siast for introducing advertis- BBC for independent 
mg into the BBC, an option producers 
rejected by Peacock. The Gov- The Home Office is already 

emment is therefore anxious conducting a technical study 

MPs debate more 
use of airwaves 

By J onatha n Miller, Media Correspondent 

_When Parliament dehates Treasur y and more rffMwif 
British Imiadcastiiiw policy use of the available resource 
today, few issues win be as by encouraging broadcasters 
sig n ifican t as the question of and operators of cosuKndca- 
wfcat to A) about the electro- tions syst em s to haraew the 
magnetic frequency spectrum latest technology, 
through which all television The spectnm can be devel- 
and radio transmissions pass, oped in a number of ways. 

The spectrum, commonly Modem technology, such 
called the airwaves, is an ceBnferrafio systems, aflc 
invisible but enormously valu- for the repented reuse of 
able public resource. Sue it single channel, 
was first harnessed by Mar- In the past (here has been 
cyai it s vari ous uses have been . litde economic incentive to aw 
tightiy reflated by aH govern- the spectra efficiently, which 
meats who have jealously is wfay Britam has onlv four 
guarded their right to make national television eetwwksin 
use of it as they wished. spite of the araflabflityaf more 

One of tins Govcnnent’s than 40 channels. In radio 
first acts was to defy tradition broadcasting the spectrum is 
and publish a detailed table of organized, if anything, with 
frequency allocations. This even greater disregard for foe 
document, which was pre- possibalily of expanded choice, 
viously classified undo- the Each of foe BBC's aatfiimat 
Official Secrets- Act, is bardBy radSo networks consumes 11 
light reading. But for foe per cent of the available YHF 
growmg number ot mdepen^ spectrum allocated to radio 
dent experts it _ permitted in- broadcasts, 
formed discnssioe of ways in The Jonscher report pro- 
wfaich frequencies might, he vides the Government with a 
more effidentiy used. . . hgoatn r wkw 

The Government then produce an alternative that 
comnrissioDed Mr Charles vnU vastly broaden radSo 
Jonscher, the American- and teferiskm services. A 
trained economist, to. produce particularly important reform 
a fresh analysis of the spec- woaHte to review (he decision 
tram and recommend ways to to reallocate to two- way raflo 
improve its use. His draft foe portion of the VHF tele- 
report, Just delivered, offers vision hand vacated by foe 
the Government the opportn- BBC an d ITV when they 
oity to decentralize control shifted to UHF broadcasting, 
ami democratize access The decision to abandon the 
What Mr Jonscher has told YHF tdevimoa hand was 
the Government remains taken in 1982, with fittte 
confidential. But from Ins public discussion, before the 
widely-published views ft can advent of cellular radio dem- 
be assumed that he has onstrated that two-way 
handed the Home Office a., communications oonM expand 
manifesto calling for a pro- without the neccesfty for gob- 
found reorganization of the hfing up huge new chunks of 
system by which the spectrum spectrum, 
is allocated, ft foe Government sincerely 

This is to be achieved by, in wants to broadeo the choice 
effect, privatizing huge por- fur television viewers, Mr 
tions of (he spectrum. Mr Jonscher’s analysis is Bkely to 
Jonscher wouJU have the Gov- provide a solid justification to 
eminent delegate to the reverse foe reallocation and 
commercial sector many of foe reassign foe frequencies back 
derisions mi how frequencies to television where they could 
should be used by allowing be used to create three more 
com m ercial operators to Md national teterisien networks 
for the rights to channels. In or, more sensibly, hundreds of 
Mr Jonscfaer's view this will focal or conmmuity television 
lead to both profits for the stations. 

IBA chief challenges 
television scheme 

By David Sapsted 

Radical changes proposed away wbai is best in 
in the Peacock report could broa dcastin g, 
destroy the quality of id©-. Satellite and cable tele- 
vision broadcasting in Britain, vision should be welcomed, he 
Lord Thomson of Monifieth, added, but the principle of 
chairman of the IBA, said last collective public funding for 
night the- BBC and separate 


sis is sn 

SmJon and Station^* 

■ ■ tdevuaon programmes con- 
ihe Commons today.. tam-bad-togay, accoi * 

“Some of the proposals, if to a survey by the Nat 
1 bey were impl em ented in a Viewers’ and Listeners 

Key figures in today’s debate 

on the feasibility of a subscrip- 
tion television system. Mean- 
while ministers are expected 
to bade licence fee' increases 
indexed to the increase in the 
retail {Mice index, rather than 
to the greater increase in- 
broadcasting costs. 

Labour’s response- will be 
intriguing. Mr Gerald Kauf- 
man, the shadow Home Sec- 
retary, was reckoned by a 
number of colleagues to nave 
goue over the top in his initial 
reaction to Peacock in July. 

He said then that Labour 
rejected the plan for BBC 
television as a subscription. 

to dominate Commons debate I Call for 

new group 
to plan 
land use 

_ By John Young, 
Agriculture Correspondent 

New regional conservation 
and forestry authorities, 
which would be responsible 
for drawing up land use plans, 
are proposed in a report 
published. today by the Royal 
Society for Nature 

The report also calls for the 
introduction of universal sys- 
tems of notification and con- 
trol over potentially damaging 
farm or forestry operations. 

Attempts to link a strategy 
for nature conservation and 
integrated land use with re 
form of the EEC common 
agricultural policy would be 
unwise and undesirable,. It 

• A proposal for a new, 
predominantly coniferous 
plantation covering more fhan 
300 acres of the North York 
Moors National ftjrk is likely 
to be seen as a test case of how 
the Forestry Commission 
interprets its new duty to , 
balance forestry and conserva- 
tion interests. 

An unnamed company has 
applied to the commission for 
a grant to plant the trees at 
Lunshaw House Farm at 
Bohby, near Thirsk. 

The Countryside Tomorrow; a 
Strategy for Nature t Royal Soci- 
ety for Nature Conservation, 
The Green, Nettlebam, Lincoln 
LN2 2NR). 

on the Peacock committee: Mr Douglas Hurd, Mr Gerald Kan&nan and Mr deraeat Freud. • 

which would he said,' turn the 
BBC into the Television 
equivalent of junk food. 

Labour has rejected the 
“privatization" of television 
during night-time hours on 
the grounds that this could 
“introduce a completely un- 
regulated system of television 
which could become a play- 
ground for pornography and 

Labour has also rejected the 
Peacock call for ITV licences 
to be put out to open tender 
and the proposed new status 
for Channel 4. It also rejected 
the jdans for privatizing and 

commercializing BBC Radio 1 
and Radio 2. 

Mr Kaufman has also said 
th a t Labour rejects the 
indexation of the BBC tele- 
vision licence fee. 

A future Labour govern- 
ment is committed to phase 
out the licence fee for all 

The Alliance case will be 
made in the debate by Mr 
Clement Freud, the Liberal 
broadcasting spokesman. The 
Alliance has welcomed 
Peacock’s rejection of 
advertising on the BBC op- 
poses the splitting of Radio 1 

and Radio 2 from Radio 3 and 
Radio 4 and professes itself to 
be “relaxed" about the bring- 
ing in of extra controls on 
standards, saying that there 
are enough already. 

In response to Mr Hurd's 
initial statement on the Pea- 
cock report in July, Mr Freud 
said that there was no connec- 
tion between broadcasting 
costs and the retail price 
index, a suggestion thai an 
Alliance government would 
be willing to allow tfae BBC a 
bigger increase in the licence 
fee to match its increasing 

Sports in : 
are under 

By Mark Dowd 
Education Reporter 

Inadequate finance, indus- 
trial action by teachers and a 
lack of planning by local 
authorities threatens the pro-' 
vision of physical education in 
secondary schools, according, 
to a report. 

This September, a working . 
party of the Secondary Heads, 
Association sent a ques-: 
lion na ire on sports in schools, 
to its representatives across* 

The replies which have been-, 
received so far were submitted: 
to the Central Council of 
Physical Recreation at its 
national conference in 
Bournemouth yesterday. The 
findings show; 

• A "considerable decline” in 
the number of non-specialist- 
PE teachers willing to help' 
with sports. 

• Only one in five secondary 
pupils has the option to swim . 
as pan of the curriculum. 

• Twenty per cent of 16-year-- 
olds spend two hours or less a- 
week on physical education,' 
although 7.S per cent of all 
secondary school teachers are 
PE specialists. 

• Two thirds of sixth-form 
pupils are in institutions 
where sport is optional. 

• Half of the local authorities 
which responded have no- 
published policy to recognize 
the importance of PE 

they were implemented in a Viewers’ and Listeners 
new broadcasting Act after the Association, 
general election, would lead to The monitoring projei 
the premature dismantling of the first half of Septei 
a broadcasting system which identified ITV as the worst 
now seems 10 be more widely offender. Swearing and bias- 
appreciated abroad. than k is phemy was reported in 36 
in Britain." be said. programmes, represe nting 41 

“IC as the Peacock commit- per cent of its entire output, 
lee proposes, ITV is handed BBCI .was -next with 25 
over to a market-place auction programmes^ dosely fofiowed 
of franchises; fhanad 4 -is by Channel 4* with BBC2 
floated off antf similarly put adjudged tire kast oflenave 
up to the highest bidder; and with only four programmes 
the BBC graduafly becomes containing bad language, 
available only to-- those who Drama and nuns accoun t ed 
volunteer 10 subscribe to it, we for ihe o verwhdnuug major- 
must ask ourselves whether ity . of instances^ on an 
this is the way to ensore the channels, 
quality, reputation and Mrs' Mary^ Whiiehouse, 
continuance of one of - : president of the association, 
Britain's greatest national and said that the survey indicated 
international assets." that television procterywOT 

Lord Thomson said that, disregarding provisions oflhe 
while 'broadcasting could not Broadcasnng Act; wtearaaie 
remain static, it should be that programmes should not 
possible to harness foe-tick of ofifefld against good, teste or 
technology.' without. sweeping deoocy.. . ~ 

that television produce^ were 
disregarding provisions of the 
Broadcasting Act, - whidrslaiB 
that programmes should not 


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’ blamed 
high level of 
evasion on car taxes 

are costing 
£100 million 

. By Bcpik 

Cartax ' 

the nation. 

a year in lost revenue, a 
Commons select committee 

disclosed yestenlav. spite of x& previous concern. 

During 1985 there was a 94 
per cent canvicttdn rate; but 

The committee is particu- 
larly scathing about the 
continued derisory levels of 
fines imposed: by courts in 

drivers would prefer to pay tax 
acconting io car usage 
M We note that tire position 

The ‘‘derisory * 7 levels of 
fines imposed on dodgers by 

lh . v w"’ wa»i Hoivianiu nuc, nil 

“ 'tireaverage fine was just £ 47 , 
encouragement .to evjKinn" i 

encouragement .to evasion , 
the public -accounts commit- 
tee said, and it hinted strongly 
at the need for the tax disc 
system to be replaced by a 
new, unavoidable tax on 

In a rebuke to the Depart- 
ment of Transport, the 
committee describes as 
“disappointing’’ its fail ore to 
reduce the level of evasion to 
below £99 million, or 4 per 
cent of total revenue from the 
car tax, and says that “more 
convincing results as to the 
effectiveness . of . the 
department’s efforts are need- 

According to a Department 
of Transport survey 22 mil. 
Don car owners evade paying 
the tax at some point during 
the year, and the committee’s 
report -expresses alarm not 

only at the lost revenue, but at 
the feet that untaxed vehicles 

— - with a maximum of 
Ibis is iess.thanJialfilte 

on alternatives to "Vehicle 
Excise Duty nowadopted has 
not been permanently set- 
tled,” it states. 

The committee makes vari- 
ous recommendations to im- 
prove the present car tax 

c ost of a full, year car system, concentra- 

H c q iice... 

Ministers have already 
made dear their concern to 
the Magistrates' Association,, 
but the report asks die depart- 
ment to pass . on the 
committees alarm- to the 
association ami the Home 

“Without the firm and eff- 
ective support of the courts, 
efforts to protect pubbe funds 
and tiie law-abiding and tax- ' 
paying public, will . be 
undermined,” the committee 

The report notes the 
Government’s recent condu- 
sion that there was no pref- 
erable alternative to the tax 
disc system, but points out 
fhai: it cost more to collect 
than other systems, that recent 
fluctuations in petrol prices 

tion on target areas, greater 
use of modem techn< ' 
and closer co-operation 
the police. 

The RAC and the AA both 
reiterated their oppoation to a 
petrol tax yesterday, claiming 
that it would -cost most law- 
abiding motorists more and 
would be particulaxiy unfair 
on those who have to nse cars 
in the absence of suitable 

public transport. -. 

' The Driver and. Vehicle 
licensing Centre . 
concern yesterday at the level 
of lost revenue, but insisted 
that steps were being taken to 

ttSfkSri Mr Peter lee, chief beH ringer at Peterborough Cathedral, checks the new set (Photograph: Arthur Foster). 

bring flfdown. 

fore than £21 million was 
recouped last year through 
fines and payment of bade 
duty - twice the amount 

and uninsured as wefl. ‘This tattmurtM 38p per gallon it 

«« rsra 

Cathedral bells will ring out again 

tax to petrol, and that many 

Labour Party calls for 
Bristol riots inquiry 

By David Sapsted 

The beOs wiD peal at Peter* 
Omagh Cathedral tonight for 
the jurat time in a enter, 
perhaps to the accompaniment 
of faffing masonry. 

Engineers is the 1880s, 
after making seme fairly crude 

calculations, put a ban on 
farther fearing 

that it would result m the front 
of the church parting company 
from the west nave. 

. Modem electronic measure- 
ments have pot an end to snch 
fears. This evening, with a 
mixture of 14 old, new and 

refurbished beOs, the practice 
wQI retur n to the cathedral 
with a trial ring by local 

Colonel Anthony Taylor, 
the chapter clerk, said yes- 
terday: “There may be the odd 
bit of falling masonry bat we 
are fairly certain there wont 

be any catastrophic collapse. 
The cathedral irifl be cleared, 
though, lest the odd lamp falls 

The beOs wffl be officially 
dedicated at a ceremony on 
November 29 to be attended by 
Princess Alice, Duchess of 


wins libel 

Mr william Tadd, former 
news editor of The Daily 
Telegraph, won “suitable” b-^ 
bel damages in the High Court 
yesterday, over allegations' 
about his abilities and perfor- 
mance as a journalist. ' 

Mr Peter Carter-Rude, his 
solicitor, told Mr Justice 
Tucker that Mr Tadd had 
been a journalist far more 
than 35 years, with 22 years at 
The Daily Telegraph. 

He was news editor for 
seven years until 1980, when 
he was dismissed. 

He always maintained that' 
his dismissal was wroi 
and that view was upheld by a 
disputes panel He received a 
“very substantial” sum of 

But during the dispute 
proceedings a memorandum 
was published to the panel 
containing a number of allega- 
tions about his abilities. 

Mr Tadd sued for libel. But 
The Daily Telegraph and its 
former managing editor, Mr 
Peter Eastwood, now recogn- 
ized that h would be incon- 
sistent with the findings of the 
panel, which they have always 
accepted, that those alleg- 
ations should stand. 

They withdrew them and 
asserted their belief in Mr 
TadcPs journalistic abilities 
and integrity- They also agreed 
to pay the undisclosed dam- 

The Labour Party yesterday 
called for a public inquiry in t« 
the St Paul's area of Bristol 
and the pohee’s controversial 
Operation Delivery, which led 
to riots in September. 

The call came during a two- 
day feet finding mission to the 
area by shadow spokesmen for 
police and race relations — 
Mr Clive Soley and Mr Alfred 
Dubbs. The visit had' been 
promised by Mr Neil Kinnock 
five weeks ago. 

The MPls said the inquiry 
should be along the lines of the 
Scarman report. They also 
called for a local authority 
crime survey after talking to 
residents, police and party 

Mr Soley, MP for Hammer- 
smith, said: “There is an 
urgent need for an inquiry 
where everyone can put them 
case. I*-- 

“The reportiK&dd be abbot 
the pohong of fit End's 
generally, but it cou& not be 
done without mentioning Op- 
eration Delivery. . 

“But the operation would 
not be our sole concern. We 
see an inquiry as tbe best way 
for the differences in viewand 
feet to come out quickly. 

“It would not be anti- 
police — the police also share 
our feelings that more views 
should crane out. They rec- 


He arid he would be writing 
to the Home Secretary with 

tiiBrrecit w iniftiMlgtmiM. 

The MBs said that during 
the visit their general im- 
pression was that focal people 
disagreed with Operation 
Delivery, in which 600 police 
officers sw o op ed on the area 
in an attempt to stamp out 
drugs related crime. 

Mr Dubbs said most people 
were critical of the police. 

He said: “The vast magority 
were unhappy to some extern. 
The feet is that there are 
enough people with that view 
to taken into account. 

“The police can say there is 
a silent m^ority of people 
who s up p ort ed their action, 
fait there is a very large body 
of opinion winch thinks 
diffe re ntl y.” 

Mr Knomfaa jBafognn, lead- j 
er of the St PanTs-Coanmn-f 
uity Association, who said he) 
hoped Assistant Chief .Con- 
stable Malcolm P op per w efl 
would ffiewhen he baa abcart 
attack after foe riots, wel- 
comed the call far an inquiry. 

He said: ^e were not 
happy about the delay in a 
response from the . Labour 
Forty, but now they have 
come along we are pleased 
they agree an inquiry is whafs 
needed. - 

‘needs are 

By Peter Evans 

More effort should be made 
in preparing prisoners for fife 
after their release, a report by 
Sir James Hemiessy, Chief 
Inspector of Prisons, pub- 
listed yesterday, says. ~ 

“All types of prisoner, 
including the imeonvicted and 
unsentenced, should be of- 
fered at least some assistance 
in preparing themselves for 
retease.” he says. That should 
begin at the outset of custody. 

Sir James recommends 
moving prisoners near their 
release to prisons doser to 
their homes and expresses 
concern that fall advantage is 
not being taken of pre-retease 
employment h o stels. 

Mr Douglas Hurd, Home 
Secretary, said: “I have asked' 
the Director General of the 
Prison Service to commend 
the report to the service as a 
programme for action.” 

The Prepa r ation of Prisoners for 
Release (Report by HM Chief 
Inspector of Prisms; Home 
Office. London; £1.50). 

Jail staff 
given more 

Each prisM officer at Bd- 
feistjan has been issued with a 
fine Mankat and an extin- 
guisher for Ms hone after 
threats of death and petrel 
bombings, acc or di ng to The 
Prison Officers’ Magm 
(Our Home Affaire Cor- 
respondent writes). 

A Belfast officer, who 
wished to remain anonymous, 
said in an appeal to Par- 
fiam cnf far support: “This is a 
terrible burden for any fondly 
to bear.” Since 1969, 25 
officers have been killed, U of 
whom worked in Belfast 
Prison, the article sand. “We 
are raider constant threat of 
death from terrorist organiz- 

The officer described the 
mayhem in the jail when, fin 
September, the Bed Cross 
oMPced it was to visit fie 
prison. There was a campaign 
of dis ord er and deslradfoa 
throughout the prison, he said. 

fat one riot; where remand 
prisoners from fie mam para- 
mifitnry organizations are 
teased, windows, fahti, .t*-J 
Hes, chairs and tabfe-teaais 
taMes were smashed. 


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Whitehall refused leave 
to appeal against 

on papers 


Government’s new tack • Sir Robert quizzed again 


Who advised whom? 



Ths British Government 
suffered a severe setback yes- 
terday in ns action to suppress 
the Peter Wright MIS book 
when it was refused leave to 
appeal . against an order to 
produce confidential papers 
on Mrs Thatcher’s 1981 Com- 
mons statement on Sir Roeer 

The ruling fey the Court of 
Appeal, winch was followed 
by another round of un- 
comfortable questioning for 
Sir Robert Armstrong, tire 
Cabinet Secretary, in the New 
South Wales Supreme Court, 
prompted a change of tactics 
by the Government. 

After discussions late into 
last night between London 
and Sydney, the British side 
was expected to try to amend 
the pleas on which it based its 
application for an injunction 
against Mr Wright and the 
Heine maun Publishing Com- 
pany in Australia when the 
hearing in the lower court 
resumes today. 

The effect of the switch, if it 
is accepted by the trial judge, 
Mr Justice PoweQ, would be to 
narrow the Crown case to two 
cover-all arguments: that , as 
an MI5 “insider," Mr Wright 
is prevented from publishing 

From Stephen Taytor, Sydney 

bis book by fire .duty of 
confidentiality; or, that those 
parts of its contents which 
have not previously been pub- 
lished would' 'cause 

detriment" to the Crown. 

These new tactics would, in 
theory, reduce the number of 
documents which, have to be 
produced and would reduce 
tbe scope fin- questioning Sir 
Robert, who has endured two 
days of tough cross-exami- 

i We did nodiiiigtp 
stop TV interview, f 

In the course of yesterday’s 
griffing. Sir Robert conceded 
that, white the Government 
was now ai ywig for Mr 
Wrigh t’s boot to: be sup- 
pressed, it had done nothing - 
to stop a Granada television 
interview with the former MZ5 
officer in 1984 — despite an 
advance report in The Times 
that he would be divulging 
information on counter-espio- 
nage operations of a Hrwt 
contained in his book. 

. It is rare that Whitehall 
mandarins are subjected to 
pubGc interrogation and in tbe 
past two days Sir Robert has 

Havers counselled 
case could be won 

By Michael Evans. Whitehall 

appeared less the , urbane, as- 
sured figure of Sir Humphrey 
Appleby of television’s Yes, 
Prime Minister than an ill-atr 
ease ervi} servant, stammering 
his way through unfamiliar 
-territory, unrfw the lacerating 
tongue of Mr Wright's coun- 
sel, Mr Malcolm Turnbufl. 

The Court of Appeal ruling 
effectively upheld- an order 
last wed: by Mr Justice Powell 
that the Government should. 
. produce papers relating to tire 
Hollis statement; and on other 
books cm MI5 - operations 
which the Government has 
allowed to be published. 

During the-appeal hearing, 
Mr Turnbull argued against 
any further interruptions to 
the case —which was ini t ia te d 
14 months ago — with allega- 
tions of a campaign by tne 
British side to- delay pro- 

“We have been driven from 
hearing to hearing. Now the 
trial has started, tbe battle 
lines have been drawn and the 
Crown’s principal witness is 
being cross-examined," Mr 
Turnbull said. “My old and 
rick client is in Sydney at 
considerable personal ex- 
pense. He cannot' survive 
more delay and expense. No 

Intensive consultations be- 
tween Sydney and London 
were under way yesterday to 
try to salvage tire Govern- 
ment's case. 

Telephone calls between Sfr 
Robert Ar mst ron g and tire 
Treasury SUkhor, Mr John 
Bailey, in Sydney and the 
Attorney Genoa], Sir Michael 
Havers, in London, costumed 
throughout the day to decide 
what to do next, as the case 
turns increasingly into an 
embarrassing dilemma fin- the 

Sources in London said a 
decision had to be made within 
34 hoars on how to re-phrase 
tbe appeal to try to narrow 
both the points at issne and the 
view of the court on what 
documents had to be banded 

It was largely due to tire 
ad vice of Sir Michael aad the 
Solicitor-General, Sir Patrick 
Mayhew, that tire case was 
mom ted in the first place to 
take action against Mr 

Whitehall sources empha- 
sized yesterday that it was a. 
“policy derision" to try to step 
Mr Wrigbt*5 book, not be- 
cause ft wonM reveal anything 
which hod not already been 
written in other books, bat 
because it-was the fast tune 
that a former member of the 
security service had gone into 

The Prime Minister con- 
salted two key ministers be- 
fore the dedsfoa was made — 
Mr Douglas Hurd, tire Home 
Secretary, responsible for 
MIS, and Sir Geoffrey Howe, 
the Foreign Secretary, respon- 
sible for MJ6 — as well as the 
two government law officers. 

It is understood that Sir 
Michael played the most im- 
portant role, because of the 
need to ensure that the case 
was valid and had a good 
chance of success. 

According to sources yes- 
terday, Mrs Thatcher was told 
that ft was entirely le gitim a te 
for action to be takes against a 
former member of the secarity 
service who had signed the 
Official Secrets Act, even 

though he was Bring -In 
i country. 

Wright could not be 
extradited from Australia mi 
charges of having breached 
the Official Secrets Act be- 
cause in cagey in vo l v ing gov- 
ernment secrecy and also tax 
offences, there are no extra- 
dition rights. 

The legal advice given to 
Mrs Thatcher was thati even 
though the Act oonid-not-he 
nsed to effect the anest of Mr 
Wright in Australia, a Inti- 
mate case , could be* made 
against him in the AustreBan 
courts on the basis that, as a 

Sir Michael Havers: advised! 

Mrs Thatcher to go ahead. 

Crown servant, he had breads 
ed tire roles of c onfid e nti ality 
he had accepted when he 
joined MIS. 

On that basis Mrs Thatcher 
and her two m inister s made 
the poficy derision, to go far 
Mr Wright Ike whole thrust 
of the case was to re-empha- 
9oe tire Governmeitf’s position 
that no member of M15 or 
MI6 should be able to come 
out into tbe open atom their 
secret work. 

It was Sir Michael who 
advised against taking action 
to stop the psUridoa of 
books os MB and mtelligesce 
matters by Mr Chapman 
Pfacher and Mr Nigel West 
But 7 Mrs Thatcher and tire 
other ministers agreed that 
Mr Wright's took was 
different matter altogether. 

When tire case against Mr 
Wright was bolt, it was 
decided right from the begin- 
ning that Sr Robert should be 
the Government's chief wft- 

Sir Geoffrey Howe: he was 
consulted before tire case. 


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Tbere was no 
sources indicated yesterday, __ 
Sir Michael appearing as a 
witness, despite tire comments 
by Mr Justice Powell m the 
New South Wales Supreme 
Court that Sir Robot seemed 
to be the wrong man for the 

Government legal sources 

ftflt Sir Robert 
appearing as a “witness of 
firef*, not asa legal expert, and 
as Mrs Thatcher's chief ad- 
viser on mtelfigence and sec- 
urity matters he was the 
obvious choke. 

Whitehall officials involved 
in the case were quick to rash 
to Mrs Thatcher’s defence 
yesterday over her data m the 
House of Commons on Tues- 
day (hat she could not com- 
ment ob the Wright case 
because it was subjudke. 

Said <me official: “Tech- 
nically, she was wrong to use 
tire phrase because tire House 
of Commons is not restrained 
by any nb JwSce rote in a 
foreign country. But basically 
what she meant was that she 
coaid not comment about a 
yq y * going on hi Australia 
which involved tire govern- 
ment law officers.” ‘ 

Mrs Hatcher was also 
afraid tfaat rany co nt ro v ersial 

m the House might hare a 
poor influence on tire judge. 

So she intends to stick fry 
jr resolution that even 
though she admits MFs are 
entitled to ask her questions, 
she wfll refrain from replying 
flu toe grounds of, national 

. - v. : 

§ vi 


v lv : -r.^ 

Mr Malcolm TnrnhuO, left, defence counsel, and the author, Mr Peter Wright, 
against the Government in tire battle to get a spy book published. 

are lined up 

plaintiff is here in court with a 
longer pocket than the British 
Government, or more deter- 
mination to avoid the factual 
issues in the case. They 

i Would that apply 
. to a cookbook? 9 

do not tike Sir Robert Ann- 
strong being cross-examined." 

Mr Theo Simos, QC, ap- 
pearing for the British Gov- 
ernment, advanced a line of 
the new legal approach with 

the definition that “disclosure 
by an insider (from MIS) 
irrespective of content, causes 
detriment to the Crown". 

Mr Justice Kirby, president 
of the Court of Appeal, asked 
if this would be tbe rase “even 
if it concerned a cookbook in 

Mr Simos: “Yes." 

Judge: What about salary? 

Mr Simos: If a salary was 
too low, (the recipient) might 
be seen as amenable to a bribe. 

After leave to appeal was 
denied, the hearing resumed 

in the afternoon in the Su- 
preme Court, where Mr Jus- 
tice Powell, whose avuncular 
presence has helped to ease 
the tension of the proceedings, 
greeted tbe news that his 
judgment had been upheld 
with the remark: “There goes 
my peerage." 

Mr Turnbull's cross-exami- 
nation of Sir Robert then 
resumed, but it was not long 
before the judge was again 
trying to introduce some 

When, on one occasion. Sir 

Roben shot back a brisk and 
apt answer to a sharp ques- 
tion. Mr justice Powell raid: 
“That’s 15-all, Mr Turnbull". 

On Monday, an attempt by. 
Sir Robert to inject humour 
into the proceedings went 
awry after he had admitted a 
calculated attempt in corre- 
spondence to mislead, but 
denied telling an untruth and 
defined the act of misleading 
as “being economic with the 

Yesterday Mr Turnbull 
asked Sir Robert why he had 
said in affadavits that it was 
necessary to suppress the 
Wright book in order to retain 
the confidence of friendly 
intelligence services, when the 
CIA itself would have had no 
objection to the publication of 
the book. 

Mr Turnbull: “Since 1978 
the CIA manuscript review 
board has reviewed 400 
manuscripts by 200 authors, 
only four of whom were not 
employed by the agency. AH 
were cleared, in part or alL 
Would the CIA really think 
less of MI5 for applying the 
same standards for its own 
offices, as the CIA applies to 

Sir Robert: “I don't know 
what the Americans would 

Soon afterwards. Sir Robert 
added that MI5 believed that 
“the CIA is apt to be more 
leaky than other friendly intel- 
ligence agencies". 

Mr Turnbull: “Are you 
really telling us that the people 
who gave us Blum, Philby. 
Prime and Bettany, say that 
the CIA is more leaky than 

Sir Robert: "1 think you 

would match that- fist of spies 
in America very easily.” 

Turning to the Granada 
television interview with Mr 
Wright in 1 984, Mr Turnbull 
asked why. when tbe Govern- 
ment knew Mr Wright’s views 
and that he believed Hollis 
had been a Soviet double 
agem, it had done nothing to 
suppress the programme. 

Sir Robert said the disclo- 
sure in The Times on the day 
of the programme, that Mr 
Wright was going to speak 

6 How zealous is the 
Attorney General? 9 

about Hollis, had come as 
“something of a shock". 

Could not the Attorney 
General have got an injunc- 
tion in the 1 1 hours before the 
programme, he was asked. 

Mr Turnbull: How zealous 
is the Attorney General in 
defence of the nation’s secrets? 

Sir Robert: I think he is 
properly zealous. 

Mr Turnbull: But not hasti- 
ly zealous. Do you believe the 
Attorney General was worthy 
of criticism in his failure to 
make that derision quickly? 

Sir Robert: If there is a 
criticism, I don’t know where 
the responsibility lies. 

Mr Turnbull asked if it 
became known in the course 
of a day that a programme 
showing the specifications of 
cruise missiles was going to be 
shown that night whether 
"the Attorney General could 
gird his loins quickly enough 
to obtain an injunction." 

Sir Robert: 1 would hope so. 



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Kodak’s chairman and chief executive 

h2^i SEffiSsfls “S"®^ ■«“««> ^ 

Arafat’s fighters back in strength in Lebanon 

S 1 ^iSSSS** 0 ? , “ foe dedshm. The company’s “loyal 

eeDero^^fS** ™plojees H would received 

Bensons separation package, including fmriiiMrinn of 

medical ^corerajge and life insurance benefits for four 



Athens — The flagship of 
the Soviet Black Sea fleet 
is m akin g its first appear- 
ance in a Nato port this 
week, accompanied by a 
destroyer and a supply ship 
on a four-day call to the 
Port of Piraeus (A 
Correspondent writes). 

Rear-Admiral Mikhail 
Nikolaeric Chronotoolos, 
C-in-C of the Black Sea 
fleet, was greeted by local 
government o fficials after 
arriving on board the 613ft 
missile-carrying cruiser, 

months,** it said. 

sets date 

Manila - President 
Aquino of the Philippines 
has ordered that a ceasefire 
in the 17-year comm must 

insurgency be reached be- 
fore December 1 , her chief 
negotiator said yesterday 
(Keith Dalton writes). 

He did not say why she 
imposed the and gave no 
indication what she would 
do if it was not met 
Hoars earlier, suspected 
communist gunmen ha«t 
killed Mr David Puzon, a 
former member of the de- 
funct National Assembly. 

Minister’s falling star 

Harare - The star of Dr Herbert Ushewoknnze, the 
controversial Zimbabwean Minister of Transport, appeared 
decisively on the wane yesterday when an unabashkily racist 
character assassination backfired (Jan Baatfa writes). 

Dr Ushewoknnze had spent five boors defending ufancAtf 
against charges of interfering in the running of Air 
Zimbabwe before attacking the commission appointed by Air 
Mugabe, the Prime Minister, to investigate the airline. 

The commission, be said. h»d a “heavy contingent of 
Rhodesian Front (former Prime Minister Mr laa Smith's 
party) st alwarts and blacks who either collaborated with 
colonial regimes or whose commitment to wi«iw=t 
transformation is, at best, doubtful”. 

Nazi case 

Jerusalem — A Tel Ariv 
lawyer, Mr Gershon Orion, 
has agreed to assist in the 
defence of Mr Ivan John 
Detnjanjuk, left, who win 
go on trial on January 19 
accused of being “Ivan the 
Terrible”, executioner of 
Jews in the Nazi exter- 
mination camp of TreW- 
inka (lan Murray writes). 

Beirut war on banks 

Beirut — Yet another of Beirut’s anonymous extremist 
groups surfaced yesterday to declare war on bank managers 
and to fire a rocket-propelled grenade at the imposing farade 
of the Central Bank in Hamra Street in protest at the col- 
lapse of the Lebanese pound (Robert Fisk writes). 

“The Black Panthers- People's Power” according to the 
telephone caller who rang the state radio statioo. had passed 
a death sentence on bank managers and “property 
speculators” because of the felling value of the pound which 
yesterday stood at almost 73 to the pound sterling. A Central 
Bank employee was slightly injured when the rocket hit the 
sixth floor of the building. 

From Robert Fisk 

After four yeare of military 
defeat political humiliation 
and internal struggles for 
power, Mr Yasstr Arafat's 
Palestine Liberation Organ- 
ization (PLO) has re-estab- 
lished itself in the Palestinian 
refugee camps of Lebanon. 

Up to 6.000 guerrillas — 
more than half the Palestinian 
force evacuated from Beirut 
after the Israeli invasion of 
1982 — are estimated to have 
returned to the country and to 
have received snbstantial sup- 
plies of weapons, including 
Sam 7 anti-aircraft missiles. 

Palestinian guerrillas now 
virtually control the city of 
Sidon, carrying their personal 
weapons in the main shopping 
streets, while even the pro- 
Syrian factions ostensibly hos- 
tile to Mr Arafat’s leadership 
have been fighting against the 

Shia Muslim Antal militia on 
the side of his supporters in 

There are growing rumours 
in southern Lebanon and in 
Beirut that Mr Arafat himself 
may return to the country 
following his appearance on a 
Christian television station in 
east Beirut last week — an 
interview recorded in Bagh- 
dad and paid for, according to 
his Syrian enemies, with 
£10,000 from PLO fends. 

But a final bottle has still to 
be fought around the refugee 
camps of Lebanon before Mr 
Arafat dare come back to the 
land he departed in such 
ignominy after the siege of 
Tripoli in 1983. 

In the southern city of Tyre, 
the local Amal leadership has 
resolved to settle the PLO 
issue by crushing the Palestin- 
ian guerrillas in the Rashid i ye 
camp, whatever the cost in 
civilian lives. 

Sources dose to Amal say 
that Mr Nabih Beni has 
almost lost control of his 
forces in the south and th3t 
five officials in Tyre — named 
as Dr Ali Jaber. Mr Abu Fadel, 
Mr Mohamed Abulhassan, 
Mr Mohamed Kharkous and 
Mr Ali Khreis — wish to 
destroy the Palestinian armed 
presence to prevent retaliation 
by the Israelis. 

Yet the most ironic feature 
of this new chapter in the 
history of the Palestinian guer- 
rilla movement is that its 
newly acquired weapons app- 
ear to have been shipped to 
Lebanon by sea — through the 
Israeli naval blockade which is 
supposed to have cut off all 
arms supplies sent to the PLO 
by boat from Limassol in 
Cyprus or from Piraeus in 

Since the Syrians have been 
striving for months to prevent 
weapons reaching Mr .Arafat's 

men. many Palestinians sus- 
pect that the Israelis delib- 
erately allow the arms ship- 
ments to reach Lebanon so 
that Ibe PLO can provide a 
check on the military power of 
Syria and its allies in the 

It this is true, it is a policy 
fraught with risks. It was one 
of the PLO's new supplies of 
shoulder-fired Sam 7 missiles 
that brought down the Israeli 
jet over Sidon last month. One 
Israeli air raid in the summer 
narrowly failed to hit an 
enormous quantity of new 
weapons stored in a hillside 
near the Mieh Mieh camp 
above Sidon. 

The raids since then — 
especially those against the 
filthy two-storey buildings and 
hutments which the Israelis 
usually dignify with the title of 
a “PLO naval base” — have 
demonstrated how seriously 
the Israelis take the armed 

presence of the Palestinians. 

It was the television station 
of the Christian Phalange 
militia — among the most 
mortal of the PLO’s enemies 
in Lebanon - which flaunted 
the Arafat interview, to the 
intense rage of the Syrians. 

It was. in the words of one 
Beirut newspaper editor. “Sy- 
ria’s long night" as Mr Arafat 
addressed hv$ Lebanese audi- 
ence for 80 minutes, accusing 
the Syrians of plotting against 
the Palestinians in league with 
the Americans and condemn- 
ing Amal for laying siege to the 
camps in return for a Shia 
Muslim “canton” in southern 

In one sense, the interview 
did constitute Mr Arafat's 
return to Lebanon. Nor have 
the militias here missed the 
significance of the PLO’s new 
power. The Syrians oppose the 
PLO’s presence now. just as 

they did during the Lebanese 
civil war of 1 975- 1 976. 

The Shia Muslims object to 
the PLO's bases in southern 
Lebanon, exactly as they did 
between 1976 and 1981 

Furthermore, the more rad- 
ical Lebanese Muslim groups, 
including many members of 
the Hezbollah ( Party of God), 
are tacitly or openly in alliance 
with the PLO. 

Mr Walid JumblaiL, the 
Druzs leader, who only a few 
weeks ago was still referring to 
Mr Arafat as “the sole 
Palestinian leader in Leb- 
anon", now prefers, after 
some fraternal conversation 
with Syria, to call the PLO 
chairman "my former friend". 

But he, too, bas come to 
terms with Mr Arafat’s men — 
not least because many of the 
PLO's recent arms shipments 
have come through the Druze 
port of Khalde. 

White House 
denies Shultz 
plans to resign 

From Michael Binyon, Was hing ton 

President Reagan had a 
private meeting yesterday 
with Mr George Shultz, the 
US Secretary of State, as 
rumours mounted that Mr 
Shultz is to resign over the 
(ran arms affair. 

The meeting came on the 
eve of Mr Reagan’s crucial 
press conference, one of the 
most tense and acrimonious 
of his presidency, at which he 
tried to restore the credibility 
of his Administration’s for- 
eign, policy and explain his 
contacts and dealings with 

The White House and Slate 
Department denied reports 
that Mr Shultz had told the 
President he would step down, 
but had been asked to slay on. 

Radio reports and Admin- 
istration sources died yes- 
terday in f he New York Times 
said Mr Sbuhz had indicated 
he would leave, but had been 
persuaded to remain until the 
furore died down. President 
Reagan was planning to name 
Mr Paul Laxalt, the retiring 
senator from Nevada, in his 

Mr Shultz reportedly told 
the President it would be 
pointless to remain in the job 
unless President Reagan could 
promise to halt the arms ship- 
ments to Iran and involve the 
State Department in future 
diplomatic contacts with Iran. 

Some reports said Mr 
Shultz was expected to leave 
after Mr Reagan’s State of the 
Union message in January. 
Others said he believed he had 
now obtained a firm commit- 
ment on halting arms ship- 
ments and was prepared to 
stay. Senator Laxalt’s office 
said he had not been ap- 
proached and had heard noth- 

ing about Mr Shultz stepping 

Criticism of the operation 
continued to swirl around the 
embattled White House yes- 
terday, with Senator Barry 
Gold water, a leading Repub- 
lican conservative, calling it 
probably the worst foreign 
policy blunder in years. 

The Administration has 
been stung by vehement criti- 
cism from Mr Reagan's two 
predecessors, former Presi- 
dents Carter and Ford. Mr 
Carter, whose election defeat 
was largely due to the holding 
of American hostages in Iran 
for 444 days, said the White 
House had abused the use of 
the National Security Council. 

“This is a very serious 
mistake in how to handle a 
kidnapping or a hostage-tak- 
ing.’ he said. 

Mr Ford said whoever initi- 
ated and carried out the pro- 
gramme should be condemn- 

President Reagan, in a vig- 
orous defence of his foreign 
policy in other parts of the 
world, insisted his Admin- 
istration had successfully 
championed freedom and de- 

“In these past six years, 
from El Salvador to the Phil- 
ippines to Grenada, we have 
once again become true to our 
heritage of helping to hold out 
freedom’s band,” he said. 
“Yes, it is in our interest to 
stand with those who would 
take aims against the sea of 

Critics have continued to 
attack Mr Reagan’s television 
address last week, saying he 
did not “look the American 
people in the eye”. 

Mr and Mrs Terence Duffy displaying a portrait of their son Patrick, who stars in Dallas. 

Parents of ‘Dallas’ actor shot dead 

From Paul Vallely 
New York 

The parents of the star of 
America's most popular soap 
opera, Dallas, have been mur- 
dered in the bar they ran in a 
small town in Montana. 

Terence .and Marie Duffy, 
whose son, Patrick Duffy, 
plays Bobby Ewing in the 
television series, were shot 
dead on Tuesday evening in 
their bar in the town of 
Boulder. They had returned to 
the business only recently 
after haring rented it out for 

the summer. 

The bodies of the elderly 
couple were discovered by a 
late-night customer several 
hours after two 19-year-old 
youths are alleged to have 
burst into the lounge with a 
shotgun and demanded money. 
The bar was apparently empty 
apart from the two proprietors. 

Two youths, Sean Wentz 
and Kenneth Miller, were 
apprehended after a car chase 
shortly afterwants as the re- 
sult of a police alert on two 
vehicles stolen earlier in the 
evening from the town of 

Helena, 30 miles to the north. 
They have since been charged 
with murder. 

Last night Patrick Duffy 
was understood to be travel- 
ling from bis home in Los 
Angeles to Boulder, the town 
in which be grew up. Residents 
describe it as a sleepy place 
with a population of only 1,400 
which has been shocked by the 

Mr Duffy- recently returned 
to the television series in a 
successful attempt to restore 
its flagging ratings. 

Madrid is 

Europeans happy at shift on missiles 

From Our Own 

Following Mrs Thatcher's 
visit here on Saturday. Presi- 
dent Reagan appears to have 
modified significantly the pos- 
ition he look at Reykjavik on 
eliminating all ballistic mis- 
siles and now seems to be 
backing away from the idea 
under pressure from the West- 
ern allies. 

In a speech on Tuesday, in 
which be said all US proposals 
remained on the table, he said 
he had agreed in his talks with 
Mrs Thatcher on four prior- 

ities for arms control talks; a 
50 per cent cut in strategic 
nuclear forces, “sweeping” 
cuts in intermediate-range 
missiles in Europe and Asia, a 
ban on chemical weapons and 
“addressing” conventional 
force imbalances. 

Significantly, be omitted 
from this list the proposal to 
scrap all ballistic missiles. 
This suggests that Mrs That- 
cher. feilow-West Europeans, 
members of Congress and the 
Joint Chiefs of Staff have now 
convinced Mr Reagan of the 
danger of such a proposal. 

After listing his priorities 

and omitting the ballistic mis- 
sile idea, he added: “America 
will go into those talks with 
the support of our allies and, I 
hope, the support of Congress 
as welL” 

Mr Reagan’s remarks were 
the latest indication of second 
thoughts in the Administra- 
tion. On Monday Mr George 
Shultz, the Secretary of State, 
said a small ballistic missile 
force could be retained as an 
“insurance policy”, even after 
other strategic weapons had 
been eliminated. 

This was explicitly endorsed 
as a sensible suggestion by 

Herr Manfred Woemer. the 
West German Defence Min- 
ister, who bas been here for 
talks this week “We need the 
strategic backbone in our flex- 
ible response strategy. That is 
clear. That will remain so for a 
long time.” 

Herr Woemer, who saw Mr 
Reagan and Mr Caspar Wein- 
berger, the Defence Secretary, 
on Monday, reinforced what 
he called “the dear message 
from Europe” that the defence 
interests of West Europe had 
to be taken into account in 
Soviet-American arms talks. 

Royal tour of Saudi Arabia ends 

Prince drops golden word for Jaguar 

From Alan Hamilton 

The Prince of Wales, visit- 
ing a British trade fair in 
Jeddah at the end of his nine- 
day tour of the Middle East 
yesterday, made straight for 
ibe Jaguar stand where the 
new XJ40 was on display. 
“My brother already has one, 
and he's delighted with ft,” the 
Prince announced. 

Mr Barrie FeHon. Jaguar's 
representative in Saudi Ara- 
bia, beamed front ear to ear 
And prayed that the sheikh’s 
crowding around the Royal 
party had overheard. 

“W’e are in with a great 
chance; the rich Saudi's are 

becoming bored with Mer- 
cedes," Mr Felton replied. 
“But our problem is the fac- 
tory; we just can’t get enough 
to supply the demand.” 

“Don’t worry," replied the 
Prince. “HI have a word with 
Sir John Egan (the Jaguar 
chairman) as soon as I get 

Stand by your telephone Sir 

At the end of the Prince aim 
Princess’s generally colourful 
but not always enthralling tour 
of the Arab slates, what was 
virtually the Prince’s last 
engagement represented the 
real purpose of the whale 
i-verdse. The British trade fair 
:s the year's largest ° ce ; 
ci wintry shop window in Saudi 
Arabia and the largest 
mounted by Britain anywhere 
in the world. 

A total of 170 companies are 
exhibiting at the fair, which 

has h«d no backing from the 
British Government and has 
had to be mounted entirely by 
a private London-based com- 

Jaguar is exceptionally bull- 
ish about its prospects in a 
country suffering a recession 
of sorts, with oil at only SIS a 
barrel, bet still with plenty of 
money to spend. 

Starting from scratch in 
1981, Jaguar now claims 35 
per cent of the Saudi luxury 
car market Already there are 
200 advance orders for the 
XJ40, but only two in the 
country. The local importers 
are wondering how best to 
tread the tightrope of diplo- 
macy in how they allot the few 
cars available. 

“Members of the Saadi 
royal family now drive Jag- 
uars so they are very 
fashionable,** explained Mr 
Asad Mahmood, Jaguar’s lo- 
ta! importer. “Women may 
out be allowed to drive here, 
bat they have a great influence 
on their husbands* car buying. 

Women love the sensuous, 
stylish Jaguar lines compared 
wi’ih the solid Mercedes.” 

Jaguar hopes to sell 700 
cars in Saudi Arabia next 
year, provided the factory can 
meet the demand. Mr Felton 
$eid that much of the secret of 
the company's success was in 
haring a factory repre- 
sentative m the country, which 
costs £100.000 2 year but 
repays the outlay many times 

Petrol a; the equivalent of 
30 p a ealliffl also does no 

harm to the big-engined lux- 
ury car market. 

Further down the exhibition 
hofl, the Prince talked to 
representatives of Austin Ro- 
ver, which hopes to take 
advantage of a strong yen and 
break into the Japanese-domi- 
nated mass market with an 
Austin Montego specially 
modified for Arabian con- 
ditions, with air conditioning 
and strengthened suspension 
to cope with the Arab propen- 
sity for leaving the road and 
taking to the desert. 

The Montego is not yet on 
sale in Saudi Arabia, bat in the 
five weeks it has been avail- 
able in other Gulf states a total 
of 80 hare been sold, according 
to Mr Malcolm Harbour, the 
company’s director of overseas 

Earlier in the day the Prince 
and Princess had taken their 
formal farewells of their Saudi 
hosts amid the pink marble of 
King Rhalid Airport at Ri- 
yadh, still without haring seen 
the man originally supposed to 
be their hist, Crown Prince 
Abdullah. As they sat in the 
departure lounge taking the 
Inevitable thimble of Arab 

continue on to British Army 
amts in Cyprus. 

Before they left they toured 
some of Jeddah's attractions, 
including the British-ron King 
Khalid Hospital, where nurses 
have not been sent home for 
drinking, and the old town. 
What they did not see were the 
city's two best known retirees 
— Shaikh Yamanf and Idi 

Shaikh Yamani, the sacked 
Oil Minister, has retreated to 
a farm be owns near the city, 
and is said to be keeping a low 
profile and speaking to no one. 

Idi Amin, the Former Ugan- 
dan leader, is living in retire- 
ment and guarded seclusion in 
a villa near Jeddah. Local 
residents say Amin is occa- 
sionally seen in local res- 
taurants, and that foe Saudi 
authorities have now pre- 
vented him from m ak in g inter- 
national telephone calls 

Throughout foe Royal tom 
there has been much specula-} 
tion in foe popular press about 
the value of foe private gifts 
given to foe couple, including 
fanciful estimates that the 
Princess wifi return home with 
more than £1 million worth ofl 

US bases 

From Richard Wigg 

The Madrid Government 
was firmly “reminded” by the 
West German Chancellor. 
Herr Helmut Kohl, here yes- 
terday that the reduction it 
seeks in the United States 
military presence in Spain 
could adversely affect the 
security of all Nato countries. 

Herr KohL on a 24-hour 
official visit, evidently felt be 
could speak out on the basis of 
his country's good relations 
with Spain. He emphasized 
the need to seize the “big 
opportunities” for Germany 
and Spain to work together 
within the EEC during a 
meeting with Sehor Felipe 
Gonzalez, the Spanish Prime 

In trade terms. West Ger- 
many has moved up rapidly 
since Spanish accession last 
January to become Spain's 
number one supplier and sec- 
ond customer after France. 

Germany's exports to Spain 
in the first nine months of this 
year advanced by 31 per cent 
to 505.900 million pesetas 
(over £2.6 million) compared 
with France's 374.000 million 
pesetas (up 13 per cent) and 
Britain's 265.400 million pe- 
setas (7.7 per cent). Italy 
follows with exports worth 
247,000 million pesetas. 

Germany and France are 
competing directly for Spain's 
favour in defence contracts 
and economic projects 

coffee, they happened to sit jewellery. No gift was more 
under bis picture among a line unlikely, however, than that 

of Saudi royal family portraits, 
bet naturally no cue had the 
bad grace to point this out 
The couple (lew to Jeddah, 
Saudi Arabia’s principal port 
ou the Red Sea, to board foe 
Royal Yacht, Britannia, which 
will take them to Egypt where 
foe Princess will catch a flight 
home and the Prince will 

handed to the Royal party for 
the Prince of Wales daring his, 
tour of foe trade fair yesterday 
- 12 tubes of Islamic tooth- 
paste, the first of their kind, 
which satisfy' Muslim law by 
containing no animal fats. 

The good news is that the 

toothpaste was mode in 

















































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EEC crisis after farm ministers’ failure 

Exasperation growing along 
with the food mountains 



By Andrew McEwen, Diplomatic Correspondent 

International exasperation 
mounted yesterday at the 
indecision of EEC farm min- 
isters and their failure to 
tackle dairy and beef over- 

The competence of the 
Twelve was called into ques- 
tion as the consequences of 
Tuesday's impasse in Brussels 
sank in, with urgently needed 
cuts in mflk quotas and guar- 
anteed prices for beef nowhere 
' near being adopted. 

Calls for the crisis to be 
taken out of their hands came 
from countries opposed to the 
EEC’s common agricultural 
policy (CAP). 

“The decision-making pro- 
cess may have to be escalated 
over their heads. Mrs That- 
cher is presiding over the 
European summit on Decem- 
ber 5 and she's just the person 
to shake a bit of sense into it,” 
an Australian official said. 

The Foreign Office yes- 
terday rated the chances of the 

issue being discussed at the 
summit as extremely slender. 

The farm ministers will 
probably find food mountains 
beckon their agenda for their 
next meeting on December 8 
and 9. If, as seems likely, they 
again foil to agree, the issue 
mil reach summit level next 
year, when Belgium takes over 
the EEC presidency. 

Many diplomats fed that 
with 20 million tonnes of 
unwanted food in European 
warehouses, the time for “low- 
est common denominator” 
decisions is past. 

“If the ministers cannot 
agree when facing the duality 
of critical over-supply and a 
very serious financial situa- 
tion, there must be something 
wrong with the decision-mak- 
ing processs,” one official 

The root of the problem lies 
in the conflicting demands for 
ministers to agree on a 
Europe-wide policy while 

appeasing volatile form lob- 
bies in home constituencies, 
he said. 

Australia is the presiding 
country in the 14-nation 
“Cairns” group campaigning 
for both the EEC and the US 
to cm agricultural subsidies. 
Studies by the Australian Bu- 
reau of Agriculture suggest 
that EEC barriers cost Austra- 
lian producers SAus 1,000 
milli on (about £455 million) 

The Cairns group, which 
dahns to produce nearly a 
third of the world's food 
without subsidizing exports, 
achieved its first major victory 
in September. Under the 
presidency of Mr John 
Dawkins, the Australian Min- 
ister for Trade, it shamed the 
EEC into accepting a sew 
round of international tariff- 
cutting talks on terms which 
could change Europe's pol- 

Meeting at Punta del Este in 

Uruguay, the 92 signatories of 
the General Agreement an 
Tariffs and Trade (Gatt) 
agreed to talks which, for the 
first time, put CAP on the 
negotiat in g table. 

Commission yesterday con- 
demned as “absolutely de- 
plorable'’ the failure of the 
EEC form ministers to agree 
on a solution to the growing 
food mountains (Richard 
Owen writes). 

Mr Frans Andriessen, the 
Agriculture Commissioner, 
said CAP was -rapidly reaching 
the point of setHfestruction. 

He said he had hoped the 
form ministers would be able 
to take “at least a small step 
forward”, but instead they had 
taken a step backwards by 
refusing to get down to real 

. . . I appreciate that the 
ministers face domestic diffi- 
culties and need time — but 
there is no time.” 

Struggle to find Besse replacement 

From Diana Geddes 


The French Government is 
having difficulty finding a 
suitable successor to M 
Georges Besse, the managing 
director of Renault who was 
murdered on Monday, near 
his home m Paris, just as his 
hard-hitting austerity plan for 
the ailing, state-owned com- 
pany was beginning to show 
positive results. 

After a record 12.5 billion 
francs (£1.300 million) deficit 
in 1984, the year before M 
Besse took over as head of the 
company, followed by a 10 
billion francs last year, Re- 
nault is expected to make a 
loss of “only” 5 billion francs 
this year, and to be back in the 
black by the end of 1987. 

Under the “Besse Plan", 
introduced in June 1985, 
21, (XX) jobs, representing a 
fifth of the workforce, were to 
be shed to improve productiv- 
ity by 25 per cent over a two- 
year period. 

Despite a tough wages pol- 
icy, entailing a cut in workers' 
incomes in real terms over the 
past two years, Renault suf- 
fered only one serious strike 
under M Besse. All the main 
car unions, including the 

The French Government is offering a reward of Frl mflfion 
for information leading to the arrest of the Action Dfrecte 
terrorists who shot dead M Besse (Diana Geddes wr it e s 
from Paris). 

It is to put up posters throughout the country carrying the 
names and plo^grapfis of two leading female Action 
Directs members, Nathalie M&ajgnoa, aged 29, and Jodie 
Aubron, aged 27. 

success at the Paris Motor 
Show at the beginning of the 
month, and are up by 12J5 per 
cent since the beginning of the 
year. The new R 21 is selling 
particularly welL 
Although Renault is still 
behind Peugeot, its main 
French competitor, it has once 
more managed to break 
through the symbolic 30 per 
cent barrier in French sales. 

•X)f> 1 ‘ 

The Pope trying out a bicycle rickshaw, “the poor man's transport', during his Dhaka visit. 

Pope urges young Bangladeshis to 
defend religious freedom for all 

Next year Renault expects 
to be among the three most 
efficient car manufacturers in 
Europe, producing an average 
of 15 cars per man per year, 
compared with 10.9 in 1984. 

Co mmunis t-led CGT, have 
joined in the nation-wide 
condemnation of his as- 

Renault sales were up by a 
quarter in October after its 

under accumulated debts of 65 
billion francs. 

Renault says that it is 
“business as usual” and that 
M Besse’s plans for the com- 
pany win not be chang ed. M 
Aime Jardon, the deputy 
managing director, has been 
appointed interim managing 

The Pope came to Bangla- 
desh yesterday to visit those 
he called his “little flock” of 
Catholics isolated in an over- 
whelmingly Muslim popula- 

He told the other Bangla- 
deshis that he came as a broth- 
er “A brother in our common 
humanity; a brother in our ad- 
oration of the one God, living 
and enduring ..." 

He toki a group of 18 young 

From Michael Haadyn, Dhaka 

ordmands that they must 
show their Muslim brethren 
that being a Christian did not 
mean being , iii any way for- 

“Your Christian faith, far 
from weakening your sense of 
pride in -your' homdand and 
your love for bar, helps you to 
{nice and respect the culture 
and heritage of Bangladesh." 

The Pope was speaking 
during an ordination cere- 
mony and Mass celebrated in 
the Ershad stadium in Dha- 
ka’s military cantonment. Un- 
der an Islamic greenrand- 
white canopy, the young men 

parents/ touching 1 their feet, 
before mounting the steps for 
the ordination. 

The Pope, speaking under a 
burning blue sky, noted that 
“sometimes Christians and 
Muslims fear and distrust one 
anotheras a result of post mis- 
understanding and conflict". 
He said- “This is also true of 
Ban gladesh. Everyone, especi- 
ally the young, must learn al- 
ways to respect one another's 
rehgiaus beliefs, and so defend 
freedom of relijpon, which is 
the . right of every human 

The Pope did his part in 
honouring Bangladesh's histo- 
ry by driving into the sedi- 
mentary countryside outside 
the capital to lay a wreath at 
the national memorial which 
commemorates those martyr- 
ed during the war of inde- 
pendence against Pakistan. 

It was an oddly military 
occasion fra- tin: “pilgrim of 
peace”, with the commander 
of a guard ofhonour bellowing 
orders at his men and four 
buglers from the East Bengal 
Regiment playing the Last 
Post and Reveille. 

The Pope knelt reverently 
in silent prayer in front of the 

huge pyramid of seven con- 
crete isosceles triangles before 
writing in the visitors’ bock: . 
“ Animas frtstonxm sunt in 
maim dei" (The souls of the 
just are in the hands of God.) 
He planted a sapling of mag- 
nolia grandiflora dose to simi- 
lar saplings planted by Mr 
Yasstr Ararat and Mr Pierre 
Trudeau, and a row of young 
trees set by the leaders of the 
other South Asian countries, 
who gathered in Dhaka a year 
ago fra the launching of their 
regional association. The am- 
herstia nobilis planted there 

stin flou rishing . 

As the Pope arrived al Zia 
inte rnational airport, nmned 

Dhaka — The Pope yes- 
terday said he was prepared to 
nat Moscow in 1988 for the 
1,000th anniversary of the 
founding of the Russian 
Church, provided be can goto 
Lithuania, where there is a 
large Catholic population (IVff- 
chael Hamlyn writes). He said 
a risk to Lithuania weald part 
of his refighms doty. 

for an assassinated former nri- 
limy ruler of tire country, he 
was w e lc omed by President 
Ershad, who seized power in a 
miltary coup four years ago 
but who left the- Army and 
now roles as a civilian 

The Pope walked along a 
red carpet towards a 30 ft-high 
dove, emblazoned with “Long 
live Pope John Paul IT\ to the 
tune of “We Wfll Bufld a New 
Bangladesh”, a poem com- 
posed by President Ershad. 

The Pope leaves Dhaka to- 
day for a frve-hour stop in Sin- 
gapore, before flying on to Fiji, 
New Zealand, Australia and 
the Seychelles. 

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Extra 32 page “Images of Science” with 
the 30th Birthday edition of New Scientist 

‘Trn^jes of Science” te&es a highly pictorial look at some of the 
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When East heads West, you're in For a pleasant 
surprise. Each Air- India hostess will cater to your 
every need with the gentleness and courtesy that 
are a unique part of the Indian culture. And she is 

able to devote more time to you, because we assign 
more cabin crew to first class. So before you arrive 
in the hurly burly of New York, enjoy the serenity 
ond service that make Air-lndia shine. 


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coup grow in 
ns military 
total amnesty 


The legacy of a dozen years 
of military dictatorship in 
Uruguay is casting a shadow 
over the country’s fragile 
democracy that has proved 
unable to deal with the key 
issue of human rights vio- 

The immediate problem is 
whether the military officers 
who ruled die country be- 
tween 1973 and 1985 should 
be accorded an unconditional 
amnesty or be brought to trial 
on murder, kidnapping and 
torture charges filed against 

But the underlying issue is 
bow best to strengthen democ- 
racy so that Uruguay raw 
regain its lost reputation as the 
Switzerland of Latin America. 

Since relinquishing power 
in March 1985, the military 
has remained in its barracks. 
Bui the signs of unrest within 
the armed forces have become 
so dear in recent weeks that 
politicians have publidy ex- 
pressed fears about the 
possibility of another coup. 

“Either we extend the am- 
nesty to military and police 
officers or we must assume we 
are going to find ourselves in a 
new situation of violence that 
will lead lo the fall of demo- 
cratic institutions,” the gov- 
ernment spokesman. Senor 
Edison Rijo. said recently. 

From Eduardo Cn6, Montevideo 

M(»t observers here fed 
“tat the chances of a coup are 
mwpaL but there is little 
doubt that the political crisis 
prompted by the amnesty 
question has delayed the 
reintegration of the military 
into society. 

” Unfortunately, the 19 
months of democracy have 
enlarged rather than dosed the 
gap that separates the armed 
roras from the rest of sori- 
cty* retired General Liber 
Seregni, founder of Frente 
Amptio, the country's third 
largest political force, said. 

In an .effort to bring about a 
reconciliation. President JuKo 
Maria SanguiDetti asked Con- 
gress in August to approve an 
amnesty for all military anrf 
police officers who may have 
abused human rights. Senor 
Sanguinetti justified his de- 
cision by evoking the pardon 
already extended to the 
Tupamaro guerrillas who car- 
ried out a broad cam pai gn of 
armed subversion during the 
1960s. 4 

The decision to grant am- 
nesty to the Tupamaros, voted 
by acclamation in Congress at 
a moment of national eu- 
phoria following the return to 
democratic rule, has come 
back to haunt the country's 
politidans and is the origin of 
the current deadlock. 

“Instead ofhaving served to 
pacify the country, the am- 
nesty bad the effect of 
proclaiming one side vic- 
torious,’' a conservative news- 
paper editor said. 

President Sanguinetti ar- 
gues that the amnesty for the 
guerrillas. Which he did not 
support originally, put an end 
to the investigation of crimes 
allegedly committed by the 
Tupamaros,. including 22 un- 
resolved murder cases. 

“What seems wrong to me 
is that, having shown generos- 
ity for those who attempted to 
undermine peace in the coun- 
try, we do not do ifae «n nr 
thing for military and police 
officers,” be told Congress. 

But die Government's pro- 

■ posal was defeated in the 

■ Senate because the two m ain 
opposition parties and — 
according to polls - the vast 
majority of the people strongly 
believe the military should be 
called to account for the 127 
murders and some 180 dis- 
appearances attributed to it. 

“Crimes committed by ter- 
rorist subversion are one thing 
and crimes committed by a 
state are another,” General 
Seregni said. “What is non- 
negotiable is that the truth 
must be known and justice 
done. There can be no democ- 
racy without justice.” 



Ballot bitterness casts cloud on Peru’s future 

From Michael Smith 


This month's municipa] 
elections in Peru have stirred 
more controversy than die 
campaigns preceding them. 

Political opponents have 
accused President Alan Garcia 
and his American Popular Re- 
volutionary Party (Apra) of 
election irregularities and 
abuses in their attempt to 
consolidate their political pri- 
macy in Peru. 

Cyprus dispute 

Senor Garcia has spent 
nearly two years trying to play 
down Apia's history — which 
is Uttered with bully-boy tac- 
tics and sectarianism — and 
gain a consensus beyond party 
lutes for social and economic 
reform. Now he has stirred op- 
position and revived fears of 
authoritarian rule. 

Senor Mirko Lauer. a politi- 
cal analyst, claimed: “These 
elections open an era of more 
confliciive opposition and a 

steeper decline in the Govern- 
ment’s popular badcing.” 

On the closing day of the 
election campaign, Sehor Gar- 
cia broke an unwritten rule of 
Peruvian politics and the pre- 
sidential office, at least in the 
opposition's eyes, by openly 
endorsing a candidate. Speak- 
ing to a political rally from the 
presidential balcony, he railed 
for a vote for his party. 
Opposition leaders have cla- 
imed other irregularities. 

Senor Garcia responded by 
saying: “It is an excuse for 
those who don't know how to 

Unofficial results for Lima 
give the Apra candidate, Sehor 
Jorge del ChstiUo, 37 per cent 
of the vote; the incumbent 
mayor and Marxist coalition 
United Left candidate, Senor 
Alfonso Barrantes, 34 per 
cent; and the Popular Chris- 
tian Party’s candidate, Senor 
Luis Bedoya, 27 per cent. 

Contra war 
heating up 

after US 
aid arrives 

Fran Christopher Thomas 

The Contra rebels trying to 
overthrow the Sandinista 

Government of Nicaragua 

have begun receiving substan- 
tial supplies of military equip- 
ment from the United States, 
the first official deliveries in 
three years. 

The Reagan Administration 
believes the next 12 months 
will be decisive in its cam- 
paign against the left-wing 
Government of President 
Daniel Ortega. 

Congress has authorized 
SI 00 million (about £67 mil- 
lion) in military and non- 
miliiaiy aid, and there are 
already signs that fighting 
along the Nicaraguan border 
with Honduras, where most of 
the rebels are based, has begun 

American military instruc- 
tors have started lo t rain 
rebels in guerrilla warfare 
inside the US, according to 
Contra leaders. 

The Administration be- 
lieves it must move swiftly to 
boost the rebels' morale and 
fighting ability, in case an 
already sceptical Congress, 
now in the hands of the 
Democrats, orders it out of the 
conflict altogether . 

After more than four years 
of fighting, the Sandinista 
Government shows no signs 
of cracking. 

Britain accused of 
neglecting its duty 

By Nicholas Beestou 

Mr Rauf Denktas, the. 
Turkish Cypriot leader, has 
accased Britain of a “gross 
neglect of its legal respons- 
ibilities” by faffing to apply 
diplomatic pressure on die 
Greek Cypriot Government to 
accept a UN peace package for 
the divided island. 

Mr Denktas told The Times 
yesterday that Western gov- 
ernments in general, and 
Britain in particular, were 
paying “lip-service" to a UN- 
sponsored settlement to the 
Cyprus dispute without taking 
an active part in forcing the 
Greek Cypriot Government of 
President Kyprianon to adopt 

The UN plan, has been 
accepted by the self-styled 
Turkish Republic of Northern 
Cyprus (TRNC), but so far 
has been rejected by President 
Kyprianon, who was accused 

Mr Denktas: talking to MPs 
in London yesterday. 

Kasparov counters 
Fide chiefs gambit 

Dubai (Reuier) — Garj 
Kasparov, the Soviet world 
chess champion, accused Lhe 
president of the International 
Chess Federation (Fide). Mr 
Florencio Cam po manes, yes- 
terday of abusing his power in 
an attempt to secure re- 

The latest outburst in a 
persona] feud which has lasted 
more than two years arose 
over Mr Campomanes's use ot 
funds to bring delegates to tne 
Chess Olympiad in 
where the election will be held 
in 10 days' time. 

Kasparov told reporters 
that it was good for chess » 
free air tickets were used to 
help developing chess coun- 

Bui he added: “Csflipo* 
manes used this, like all his 
previous acts, all Fide power, 
lor his own interests. We 
cannot be sure if money and 
Fide power is used for all 
countries, for real chess 

Relations between Kas- 
parov and Campomanes nave 
been bad since the Fide presi- 
dent halted his marathon 
world championship match 
against Anatoly Karpov on 
the ground that both players 
were exhausted after almost 
50 games. Kasparov, who had 
pulled himself up from 3-a 

down in the contest of un- 
limited duration to six wins 
and later won the rematch, 
interpreted the decision as a 
rescue operation for the flag- 
ging Karpov. 

Mr Ahmed Abdullah Abu 
Hussein, the official spokes- 
man of the Olympiad organiz- 
ing committee, triggered the 
latest row with a statement to 
the Abu Dhabi daily al-luihad \ 
about the air tickets. 

“It is Caro po manes's right 
to exploit this wonderful idea 
and use it in his just election 
campaign, if his competitors 
fight with this weapon," Mrj 
Hussein said “We admit be- 
fore the world and we say 
without hesitation that the 
idea was his.” 

Meanwhile, in the Olym- 
piad Kasparov was held to a 
draw yesterday- on first board 
in the match between Hun- 
gary and the Soviet Union. _ 

Kasparov said he was dis- 
appointed at missing a win. 
but was full of praise for his 
opponent, the Hungarian 
grandmaster Lajos Portisch. 

The adjournment session 
ended as expected with i 
Yugoslavia's world class j 
grandmaster, Ljubomir Lju-j 
bojevic, conceding defeat to i 
the little-known Indonesian! 
master Ardiansyah. 

























: a 






of obstructing efforts by Seior 
Javier Pkez de Cuellar, die 
UN Secretary-General, in 

Mr Denktas, who is in 
London meeting MPs sympa- 
thetic to the Turkish Cypriot 
viewpoint, said that Britmn, as 
a party to die I960 Treaty of 
Guarantee was the “key 
player” in forcing a settle- 

He suggested the Govern- 
ment should teD President 
Kyprianon Hut, unless he 
adopted tire UN formula 
which calls for a federated 
Cyprus, Britam would rec- 
ognize the TRNC as a sepa- 
rate state. 

The British-trained lawyer 
went on to describe Britain’s 
position towards Cyprus since 
1963 as “a gross neglect of its 
legal responsibilities”, be- 
cause h had foiled to defend 
tire rights of the minority 
Turkish population. 

He also characterized tire 
British economic embargo on 
‘northern Cyprus as “illegal, 
inhuman and indecent”. 

Mr Denktas said that he 
was glad that a 50-member all- 
party group of MPs and peers 
bad been established to take 
Hp the Tsuidsh Cypriot cause, 
bnt warned that, unless there 
was movement by the Greek 
Cypriot Government on the 
settlement issne, Cyprus dad 
its people would grow increas- 
ingly divided. 

He did not rale out the 
possibility of a military 
confrontation between the two 
sides and accused Greek Cyp- 
riots of bml ding op their forces 
with the help of Greece. 

• Conference protest Greek 
Cypriot protests over the hire 
of the government-owned 
Queen Elizabeth II Con- 
ference Centre in London for ■ 
Turkish Cypriot National Day 
party on Monday night have 
caused a change of official 
policy (Our Diplomatic 
Correspondent writes). 

The strictly commercial ap- 
proach adopted so for when 
hiring out the new conference 
centre in Westminster is to be 



. / U-; 

Are you looking 
forward to Christmas this 
year? Or are you wondering where the 
money is coming from to pay for it all? 

It doesn’t end with the presents and the 
panto. No sooner is the turkey finished than 
the sales begin. 

unlike an 
ordinary bank 
account, your money 
earns interest when 

No wonder you have a headache before jt you are in credit, 

the celebrations even ger under way. (When you are not, you will find our 

Well, at Lloyds Bank we have a cure. The 
Cashflow Account. 

It eases the pain by letting you stagger 
the cost of Christmas. - 

rates very competitive.) 

Opening a Cashflow Account is straight- 

Any branch of Lloyds Bank will be only 
Once you have agreed to put aside a too happy to oblige. And everything can be 

arranged then and there. 

There is also optional insurance to take 
care of the worry of not being able to keep 
up repayments, say, because of illness or 
through losing your job. 

^ V- I. ^ 

regular sum each month, you can borrow 
up to an agreed limit. (It can be as much as 
30 times your monthly payments, up to a 
maximum of £5,000.) 

You get a Cashflow cheque-book and a ^ 

Cashpoint card, making it as easy to use as A Cashflow Account could be just the 

an ordinary bank account. j 1 -- : ■■■ thing to improve your balance of pay- 

You can get hold of your money when- 
ever you want. You can even use Cashflow 
to pay standing orders and direct debits. 

ments this Christmas. 
And see you through to 
a prosperous New Year. 




• I II....', IS -I I. .1,1 j.J l.-JiiKi- !■ H- l -a J,. , \.. u | x ..... ^ " 

i.l. i % . ;i... . . 1 1. iJ-. Haul, lu-aiai'.. *iiu.. • L'J 



The Polish economy 

Public pressure forces 
Jaruzelski to shelve 
tighter factory controls 

The Polish Govennent's 
plans to tighten control over 
the economy have been criti- 
cized by workers, economists 
and parliamentarians, who 
have accused the authorities 
of trying to curb industrial 
democracy and to retreat from 

Bowing to this unusual 
pressure, the G overmen! of 
Genera] Wojciech Jaruzelski 
is to withdraw a draft package 
of amendments to 11 eco- 
nomic laws. 

The decision, announced 
yesterday, was a surprise to 
Poles accustomed to the 
smooth passage of govern- 
ment-inspired legislation in 
the Communist-dominated 

The authorities are present- 
ing the shelving of the legal 
changes as a sign of respons- 
iveness to society and proof of 
a healthy socialist democracy. 

in fact it is a serious, 
though probably temporary, 
setback to the Government's 
attempts to gear up the econ- 
omy for hard times ahead. 

Poland's economic reform 
was supposed to make in- 
dustry more efficient by mak- 
ing factories more profit- 
conscious. by freeing them 
from dose ministerial control 
and by giving workers a 
greater say in management 

So far the reform has not 
made much of an impact on 
the economy, but workers 
have been using their bargain- 

From Roger Boyes, Warsaw 
ing power to negotiate wage 

Wage inflation, running at 
about 16 per cent, could 
destroy the point of reform, 
the authorities believe. Hence 
the proposed changes. 

Had Parliament approved 
the package, the Government 
would have won the right to 
declare a wage freeze and 
change pay scales in individ- 
ual factories. 

Managers would have been 
able to ignore decisions made 
by elected worker councils if 
they threatened the financial 
future of the factory. 

Factories that increased 
wages by more than 25 per 
cent of the factory's profits 
would lose all tax exemptions 
and subsidies. 

The first attacks came from 
worker councils. They said 
that the Government was 
robbing workers of their in- 

General Jaruzelski: accused 
of attacking workers' rights. 

The authorities promised 
that the amendments would 
be implemented sensibly, that 
basic worker rights would 
remain intact and that some 
workers would be allowed to 
attend a future Politburo ses- 
sion devoted to the subject 
The workers were sceptical. 

Then the committee of par- 
liamentary experts — econo- 
mists, lawyers and other 
specialists — criticized the 
package saying that it bore no 
relation to the principles of 
economic reform and was 
irrelevant to the current eco- 
nomic priorities. 

Professor Zbigniew Mess- 
ner, the Prime Minister, and 
other ministers came in for a 
barrage of rebuke from the 
parliamentary commission for 
economic reform. 

Professor Messner will take 
back the draft discard some 
proposals, dilute others and 
present those measures that 
remain individually for par- 
liamentary approval 

The test will come later this 
month when it emerges 
whether the changes have 
been scrapped completely or 
whether only cosmetic adjust- 
ments have been made. 

For many Poles that will 
show whether Poland’s new 
Parliament has acquired a set 
of teeth. So far, Poles still 
adhere to the wise maxim of 
Mr Stanislaw Lee, the Polish 
apborisL that “toothlessness 
gives the tongue freedom to 

Japan lets 
rich trade 

Ceausescn gives Bucharest a fright 

Second capital proposed for Romania 

Chinese take the West to task for 
spreading Kim murder rumours 

A spokesman for the Chi- 
nese Foreign Ministry yes- 
terday blamed South Korea 
and the West for spreading 
“fabrication -with ulterior 
motives” concerning the al- 
leged death of President Kim 
11 Sung of North Korea. 

“The rumours were spread 
from South Korea and from 
news agencies in the West.” 
said the spokesman. Mr Li 
Zhaoxing. “Those rumours 
were fabrications with ulterior 

South Korean sources on , 
Sunday reported that North 
Korean loudspeakers near the 
1 55-mile border had reported 
the shooting death of Mr Kim. 
A Western agency dispatch 
later reported that his assail- 
ants fled to China. 

Those reports proved to be 
false on Tuesday when Mr 
Kim met Mr Jambyn Bat- 
monh. the Mongolian leader, 
at Pyongyang airport. 

“It is well known that 
President Kim U Sung is a 
great leader of the Korean 
people and is loved and 
respected by the people ” Mr 
Li said at a regularly sched- 

From Robert Grieves, Peking 

uled Foreign Ministry news 

Mr Li also stressed that 
China does not plan to de- 
velop bilateral ties with South 
Korea, and would now allow a 
South Korean commercial of- 
fice to be established in 

Observers who frequently 
travel to North Korea said 
yesterday that the country is 
undergoing severe internal 
strain that will either force it 
to open to the West or else 
turn to the Soviet Union for 

“The last economic plan, 
which ended in 1984, was a 
disaster,” one source said. 
“Most of the production tar- 
gets were less than half ful- 
filled." North Korea’s new 
economic plan is expected . to 
be passed by the country’s 
Parliament some time next 

In one case, a sea dyke near 
the west coast port of Manto. 
which had them built without 
foreign help, collapsed. More 
than 150,000 North Korean 
troops had to be rushed to the 
area to repair the breach. 

For the last three years 
soldiers from North Korea’s 
800,000-member Army have 
reportedly been used to help 
run the economy. 

“Factions within the mili- 
tary are dissatisfied with the 
economy, and with the fact 
that Kim Jong □, the Pres- 
ident's son. will become the 
leader” said one source. 
“ Many of these factions would 
also like to see a forceful 
reunification of the two 

• SEOUL: South Korea, 
shaken by the mistaken 
speculation about the death of 
President Kim, still held out 
wistful hopes yesterday that he 
feces an internal power strug- 
gle (Reuter reports). 

The Prime Minister, Mr 
Lho ShinYong, urged South 
Koreans to be all the more 
vigilant against possible North 
Korean aggression after the 
Kim saga. 

He said the speculation, 
which was sparked by North 
Korean military loudspeaker 
broadcasts along the border, 
might have reflected an in- 
ternal battle for power. 

President Nlcolae Ceauses- 
cn, the Romanian leader — or, 
as he prefers to be known, the 
First Worker of the Land — 
wants to shift the capital of the 
country away from Bucharest, 
but after opposition from 
Communist Party colleagues 
be seems to have shelved the 
idea in favour of creating two 

The characteristically ec- 
centric decision was first an- 
nounced during a workers’ 
r ally in Tirgoriste, a city in the 
province of Wallachia and his- 
torically the capital before 

With his proletarian cap 
jammed firmly on his head. 
President Ceausescn, who is 
also described in the coart 
poetry as “our eternal guide”, 
spoke from the town hall 
balcony to foe crowds m the 
market square, saying: “We 
want to make Tirgoviste info a 
modern city in three, four 
years. We are planning to 
make Tirgoriste the new cap- 
ital of socialist Romania.” 

Such a move would be ratbei 
Iflte shifting London — that is. 
Parliament, Whitehall, Buck- 
ingham Palace — to Col- 

By Our East Europe Correspondent 

Chester. As one could hare 
expected from the citizens of 
Colchester, the Tirgoriste 
crowds were oveqoyed, cheer- 
ing the Romanian leader to the 

Of course, Mr Ceausescn 
added, somewhat overwhelm- 
ed by the response, the de- 
cision woald have to be cleared 
by the party's Central Comm- 
ittee and, a useful escape 
danse, Tirgoriste would have 
to show itself worthy of the 

The Romanians were aston- 
ished. Diplomats say that be 
met nnusnally strong critkfsm 
at a session of the Political 
Executive Committee, the 
party’s ruling Politburo. 

Bucharest has been some- 
thing of a banding site for 
years in pursuit of Mr Cean- 
sesca's aim of malting it the 
true socialist capital of 

After fiie earthqnake i of 
1977, which devastated much 
of the city, file Old Town 
district known as Uraims, had 
remained almost intact be- 
cause, as geologists discov- 
ered, the terrain was rirtnally 
humane to earthquakes. 

Mr Ceausescn needed no 

father encouragement: the 
hob of the new socialist capital 
— that is, Bucharest — would 
have to be relocated and the 
churches, synagogues and an- 
cient mansions would have to 
come down. Instead there 
would be a “Victory of Social- 
ism Avenue,” a huge parade 
square, and monuments to 
Romanian heroes. 

Haring gone through so 
much, Bucharest was not over- 
pleased to hear of the plans for 
Tirgoriste. Perhaps the whole 
statement was a gaffe, but 
Romania does not encourage 
its citizens to believe that Mr 
Ceausescn is fidlible. 

There seems to be real 
evidence that be really does 
want this shift; if only to 
recapture the magic of the 
most important royal resident 

of Tirgo ri ste, th e Wafiachian 

Prince Mircea, who ruled from 
1386 until 1418. Romania is 
celebrating the 600th anniver- 
sary of this strong leader's 
accession. Tirgoriste stifl has 
a castle, but is otherwi se a 
charmless place, its atmos- 
phere influenced by an ofl 
refinery near by. 

Romanian diplomats are 

rather evasive when ap- 
proached for a textual analysis 
of Mr Ceansescn's statements. 
They snggest that the leader 
may mean that Tirgoriste is to 
be a second capital, whatever 
fhpv might mean. 

A less charitable explana- 
tion is that he simply wants to 
build a new country residence 
for himself in Tirgoriste. Mys- 
tery hangs thick. Bat there is 
work under way; waves of 
budding workers have been 
sent to dear ground far an 
airport and a motorway to link 
Tirgoriste with Bucharest 
some 50 miles away. 

In Tkgoriste, where things 
have been rather quid for six 
centuries, there is consid- 
erable excitement. The mem- 
ory is stiff fresh of what 
happened to Mr Ceansescn's 
birthplace, file village of 

Over the last 10 years, the 
Romanian leader has ploagb- 
ed huge funds into the place, 
converting it from a one-horse, 
one-shop village into a town- 
ship of 13,008. Hk local 
footbaB dub was promoted to 
the First Division and is only 
occasionally allowed to be de- 

Uganda leads bid to save African environment 

From A Correspondent 

Uganda is the first country 
in Africa to take part in a 
United Nations programme 
aimed at reversing environ- 
mental degradation in the 

Last August it signed an 
agreement with the UN 
Environment Programme 
(UNEP) to take part u an ac- 

tion programme sponsored by 
the agency and adopted by the 
first Ministerial Conference 
on the African Environment, 
held in Cairo in 1985. 

This week, UNEP's exec- 
utive director, Dr Mostafe 
Tolba, is visiting Uganda with 
a team of environmental ex- 
perts from the global head- 
quarters of UNEP in Nairobi 
for talks with Ugandan min- 
isters about implementing pi- 

lot projects, as set out in the 
Cairo plan for inter-state co- 

Uganda is already trying to 
make three pilot villages self- 
sufficient in food and energy 

Under the overall conti- 
nental project conceived at the 
Cairo conference, a total of 
150 pilot projects will be 
selected for development in 
each of the 50 African mem- 

ber-stales, together with 30 
pilot projects in semi-arid, 
stock-raising zones. 

UNEP considers that, until 
self-sufficiency can be ach- 
ieved m food and energy, no 
progress can be m ade in 
halting the serious destruction 
of Africa's environment. Food 
and energy production are 
making enormous demands 
on resources as population 
continues to rise. 


skms go on 

From David Wafts 


Despite a commitment to 
the Duke of Edinburgh that 
japan would tackle ilficn im- 
ports of protected animal 

Aint, milli ons of dollars 
worth have arrived via Singa- 
pore over the past few months. 

The Dnke made the request 
on a visit to Japan two years 
ago as president of the Work! 
Wildlife Fund, but the im- 
ports have continued at the 
rate of S15 minion (£10.4 
million) a year. 

When processed and put on 
the market in tire form of 
handbags, shoes and belts, the 
s kins may be worth double 

Within the past few months 
new consignments of more 
than 10,000 lb of crocodile 
skins were dispatched from 
Malaysia through Singapore 
without proper documents. 

Singapore is now a world 
centre for the illicit track 
bringing in imports from 
Latin America and Africa as 
well as neighbouring Asian 
countries. A lot are then sold 
to Japan. 

“Singapore is currently en- 
gaged in a massive stockpiling 
of protected wildlife for future 
export to Japan,” says Mr 
Robert Milfiken, director of 
the Tokyo office of the World 
Wildlife Fund. 

The imports of crocodile, 
lizard, snake and sea turtle 
skins have continued despite 
the Japanese Government's 
commitment to tighten its 
regulations, in conformity 
with the Convention on Inter- 
nationa] Trade in Endangered 
Species (CITES). 

The convention protects 
threatened animals and plants 
from over-exploitation. 

The requirements of the 
CITES regulations, which de- 
mand documentation show- 
ing the country of origin and 
the export permit number, are 
being widely ignored by the 
Japanese customs. 

“We’re very disappointed 
with the Japanese,” said Mr 
Milfiken, “but from now on 
we’re going to try to back them 
into a comer.” 

Earlier this year the United 
States introduced a total ban 
on such imports from Singa- 
pore, but later eased the 
restrictions to allow the im- 
port of tropical fish bred there. 

The Duke followed up his 
attempts to stop the trade with 
a personal letter to Mr Lee 
Kuan Yew, the Prime Min- 
ister of Singapore, this year 
asking for a ban on the 
extensive trade in rhino horns 
through file island ■ctnig- 

In China an d throughout 
«Jthe countries of South-East 
Asia, the horns are widely 
believed to have aphrodisiac 

Nevertheless, a ban on the 
inclusion of rhino horn pow- 
der in Japanese patent medi- 
cines. introduced in 1 980, 
appears to have been largely 


Child of 

Breaking Up (BBC2) was the 
first episode of a -four-part 
drama about the e nding of an 
ugly marriage and ifeeffect on. 
» l^-year-oW boy. Tony 
Mailer, played by a likeable 
newcomer, Tim Haynes, is the 

“™«y Prodigy, a gifted 
scbofar at a pobtic school who 
» rehearsing to play Ophelia. 
Eater Alan Bennett in oar 
favourite role as the eccentric 
housemaster who gets all the 
best lines (“Mailer, yon reek 
of existential gloom”). 


To begin with, young Mailer 
seems almost too self-pos- 
sessed; would a boy of that age 
redly say “There’s no such 
thing as an accident at onr 
bonse — it's aO done delib- 
erately”? His grown-up bro- 
ther John, the sole object of 
their mother’s clin ging affec- 
tion, wants to “dance on my 
lather's grave”. Tony, on the 
other hand, hmgs to be able to 
rely on his father, while 
mother “gives me the creeps’*. 

1 aKx — an — * II ■ a. * _ a* ■ 

Tony but soon flees the home 

ittleground for more con- 
genial pastures in Europe: 
betrayal number one. 

Mother feels nncomfortatde 
with Tony, resenting his ac- 
quired middle-class aess. In 
real life Eileen Atkins, who 
plays Mrs Mailer, bewails the 
fact that whenever she takes 
the part of a mother she h : 
always “monstrous to the 
children”. Alas for Miss 
Atkins, such stereotyping is 
understandable: she is so good 
at being monstrous. 

Father (Dave King) is a road 
haulage contractor, weak, and 
brutal because of It He is 
genuinely fond and proad of 
Tony, but fonder still of his 
bottle. He promises to take 
Tony away, but fails to turn 
up: betrayal number two. 
What a good actor the former 
comedian Dave King is; even 
his bad teeth are expressive. 

By die end of the episode, 
Tony's precocious self-pos- 
session has finally cracked 
and be begins to . behave 
almost as chfldfshly as his 
parents, screaming hatred at 
his mother then breaking 
down, appropriately. In the 
middle of his mad scene as 
Ophelia. His father, for once, 
is there at the right moment 
- with at least a few of the right 
words (round oaetndad in the 
feud with mam)- so Tony 
straightens his 13 -year-oM 
shoulders and soldiers on. 

Nigel Williams's drama 
may not be saying- anything 
very new, but it rings true 
enough to involve us, and 
presumably to make it pretty 
uncomfortable viewing for 
many divorced parents. 


Campbell Dixon 

L ike all good Californians, 
Michael Tilson Thomas — 
42 next month, and by 
common consent the most 
exciting American-born 
conductor since Bernstein - does not 
need mueji. prompting to launch into 
an extensive burst of self-analysis. “I 
come from an origin of romantic 
Russian .theatre- people, vsfy experi- 
mental and ardent in their outlook. 
Superimposed on this was a highly ■ 
rationalist education.” (He originally 
studied -science at the University of 
Southern California.) “For years the 
balance of my musical judgements 
was affected by this rational training. 
Now I am learning to trust my 
instincts again. I look for those 
moments of nscogmtion a performer 
has when he hears a measure of music 
and says; ‘My gosh, this measure, it's 
me. I know exactly what this experi- 
ence is; 2 have lived it-’. From the - 
performer’s' ability to re-create this 
experience — and from his willingness 
to put his personality on the line in 
public — comes the performance’s 

If TOson Thomas did ever repress 
the instincts implanted by his her- 
itage and upbrin gin g, that was an 
entirely reasonable — not to say 
rational — reaction. He was born into 
the hothouse of late 1940s Holly- 
wood. His grandparents had been 
Boris and Bessie Tbomashefsky, 
founders and stars of the Yiddish 
Theater of New York; his father was a 
member of the Mercury Theater 
Company before moving into films 
and television; his mother was -head 
of research for Columbia Pictures. 
George Gershwin was a dose friend 
of his father (giving a special 
authenticity to the Gershwin Festival 
Tilson Thomas . will conduct in 
London next June). With a natural 
keyboard fatiliiy and considerable 
aptitude for composition, the young 
Tilson Thomas could easily have 
secured a profitable musical niche in 
the film industry. Instead, the teen- 
ager gravitated towards Los Angeles's 
more intellectual attractions: 

“I was lucky enough to be' there at 
the tail end of the great 6migr& period, 
so I was in contact with people like 
Pfetigorsky, Stravinsky and the whole 
circle who were once around 
Schoenberg. So naturally my musical 
instincts developed in the con tem- 
poral^, serious direction. There was a 
very investigative spirit in that circle: 
a voracious curiosity to find what else 
existed in the world of music. I think I 
inherited that and became an 
adventurous romantic, which is how 
I now describe myself.” ' 

Tilson Thomas’s own voracious 
instincts.werc revealed in the four l 
seasons be spent conducting the 
Young Musicians Foundation Debut 
Orchestra in Lcis Angeles. His flair for • 

directing first performances brought 
him to Boulez’s attention, and he 1 
assisted the French maestro at the < 
1966 Bayreuth Festival. A Tangle- 
wood conducting fellowship fol- 
lowed; then in 1969 came a classic 
“big break". By then an assistant 
conductor with the Boston Sym- 
phony Orchestra, he was the right 
man in the right place when, in the < 
middle of a Lincoln Center concert, 
William Steinberg was taken ilL i 

Few musicians in the world today 
possess more exciting natural talent 
than Michael Tilson Thomas (below), 
who this evening at the Barbican Hall 
completes a British tour conducting 
the London Symphony Orchestra; he 
will be back in London next June for 
a Gershwin Festival in which he is 
likely to reveal rare insights: 
interview by Richard Morrison 

Tilson Thomas took the concert over, 
and 37 more that season. 

If he had wanted, the relationship 
with the Bostonians could have been 
a permanent and high-profile one. 
Instead he surprised everyone by 
accepting the music directorship of 
the relatively provincial Buffalo Phil- 
harmonic. To ask why is to touch on 
T ifcson Thomas's entire artistic credo. 
“I have to find my own path with 
every piece. 1 have never been 
someone who listens to records of 
great maestri and says ‘Oh, that's a 

good idea. I’ll borrow that’. In every 
score I have' to work out for myself 
what must — as my actor forbears 
would say — get across the footlights. 
And to do this I realized that I had to 
Slow the process of my liie down. 
Because whereas in certain music — 
Stravinsky. Ruggles, Ives, cenain 
French and Russian repertoires — I 
could almost sleepwalk through iu in 
other sepres 1 bad to find my own way 
carefully into iu And (hat was best 
accomplished away from the centre- 
stage spotlight.*’ 

Apart from his principal guest 
conductorship of the Los Angeles 
Philharmonic (from 1981 to J 985) 
Tilson Thomas has recently kept 
himself free from “named positions" 
with major orchestras. He does, 
though, have an exclusive recording 
contract with CBS, and this has 
produced some fascinating fruits in 
recent years. He values his recording 
of the three Copland ballets in their 
original, “craggy” versions, his new 
Nutcracker with the Philharmonia 
(“we use a computer to give a 
transmogrified clock effect”) and his 
sound-track recording of Giselle for 
the new Baryshnikov film. But 
equally important for clarifying his 
own ideas on classical texture have 
been his chamber-orchestra record- 
ings of the Beethoven symphonies. 
His “Eroica” with the St Luke's 
Chamber Orchestra is, be guarantees, 
“one of the most audacious perfor- 
mances of all time”. He uses inter- 
locking solo passages to crystallize the 
instrumental writing in the finale. 

His latest live project (“I am very 
much a project person”) involves 
runnings festival and summer school 
at Great Woods, the summer home of 
the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra 
- creating, in effect, a new 

T he festival was inaugurated 
last June, and Tilson 
Thomas's enthusiasm for it 
is evidenL “The concerts 
and opera are held in an 
enormous new arena. It seats 7,000. 
It's something between a concert hall 
a stadium and a starship. The 
summer school is for 60 virtuoso 
youngsters, aged around 19. You see, 

I fee! very fortunate that when 1 was 
that age a lot of talented people gave 
me the kind of musical idealism that 
has sustained me through all the 
rough and tumble, the roller-coaster 
ride oflife as a professional musician. 
Now I want to pass on the same spirit. 

“Too many students today are only 
interested in asking things like 
‘should this tempo be 92 crotchets per 
minute or 947*. These questions have 
meaning, but they obscure the real 
questions, which are: what is the 
testimony of this music, and what is 
my testimony as a human being?” 

This may be so, but one suspects 
that few of Tilson Thomas's pupils 
will be able to rely so instinctively as 
he on a natural musicianship. No 
false modesty here: “It’s easy for me, 
because of my temperament, to get 
immense brilliance and rhythmic 
drive from an orchestra. I can do it 
quickly and effectively. It’s more 
difficult to say ‘Now gentlemen, in 
the 35 seconds remaining of this 
rehearsal, could you give me an 
atmosphere of complete serenity’.” 

And that, as he freely admits, is 
more difficult in London than any- 
where else. “Well, let’s put it this way: 
it is certainly possible to do a 
programme of standard repertoire 
efficiently on the amount of rehearsal 
time you get in Loodon. That's 
because your orchestras are very 
efficient and most of their conductors 
are very efficienL In fact it's a 
comment on our musical society 
today that the quality which is most 
rewarded is efficiency." 

trick of using strobe lighting to 
DANCE make movement look more 

- - Striking than it is. However, he 

f , does let the cast actually 

I^ODQOn perform & few steps every now 


Sadler’s Wells ah three works in this 

Opening programme are new 

Robert Cohan's Iruerroga- » London, having been p re- 
tions, given on Tuesday Tor E 1 ??® °0. to V . reported on 
the opening of London SioW**** Davies s The Run to 
Contemporary Dance Thea- Eanh from Oxford last Feb- 
Irt's season at Sadler’s Wells, ruai Y- and 1 bave 10 confess 
might be a memorial tribute to *•“* * e constantly changing 
Robert Helpmann's Hamlet backdrop, which plays a laige 
by the choreographer of Cell. ,( d ? s ^ n Jy 

The subject is again “what David Buckfend, lighting by 
dreams may come when we Peter Mumford), looked less 
have shuffled off this mortal effective this time, 
coil" but. whereas Helpmann In that context, the choreog- 
couid confidently predict rapby looks rather thin- 
those dreams in detail, Cohan blooded, although the designs, 
fashionably prefers to leave the soundtrack by Brian Eno 
them vague and shifty. (from his record On Land) and 

Still, one ctan see Claudius quite a few moments in the 
and Gertrude in the older action suggest an intention of 
couple so sinisterly played by emotional content which is 
Patrick Harding-Inner and then very much played down. 
Anca Frankenhaeuser — but Christopher Ban Herman's 
why was he wearing an open- Unfolding Field is hidden 
knit frock under his dirty beneath a display of trick 
mackintosh? I thought I rec- lighting-effects, remarkable 
ognized an incestuous Ophelia eveu for this company, which 
and Laertes dressed, for some has a tendency to indulge in 
reason, in Cypriot style, them. It is performed to noises 
Darshan Singh BhtiHer looks by a group called Man Juimp- 
as tormented as any Hamlet, ing, which sound like, first, a 
and Brenda Edwards syrn- petrified jungle, then a space 
bolizes his dreams in Spectre epic. Andrew Storer's designs 
de la rose pink. feature what looks like a 

l .h. ic seized comet that eventually 

Robert Cohan's Interroga- 
tions, given on Tuesday Tor 
the opening of London 
Contemporary Dance Thea- 
tre's season at Sadler’s Wells, 
might be a memorial tribute to 
Robert Helpmann's Hamlet 
by the choreographer of Cell. 
The subject is again “what 
dreams may come when we 
have shuffled off this mortal 
coil" but. whereas Helpmann 
could confidently predict 
those dreams in detail, Cohan 
fashionably prefers to leave 
them vague and shifty. 

Still, one can see Claudius 
and Gertrude in the older 
couple so sinisterly played by 
Patrick Harding-Inner and 
Anca Frankenhaeuser — but 
why was he wearing an open- 
knit frock under his dirty 
mackintosh? 1 thought I rec- 
ognized an incestuous Ophelia 
and Laertes dressed, for some 
reason, in Cypriot style. 
Darshan Singh BhuHer looks 
as tormented as any Hamlet, 
and Brenda Edwards syrn- 

de la rose pink. 

Like Hamlet, the work is 
overwhelmed by its dfecor, the 
surrealist symbols in this case 
including huge metal struc- 
tures (the backs of vats or 
furnaces, perhaps) which I 
hope look more expensive 
than they are. Antonio 
Lagario is the designer and 
Barrington Pbeloung wrote 
the music, very noisy. 

Like the rest of this pro- 
gramme, Interrogations is 
more theatre than dance, and 
the climax continues Cohan's 

turns into a firebird. This is all 
meant to be a commemora- 
tion of Halley and his discov- 
ery, but you would never guess 
that from the sounds or the 
action, which is foil of the sort, 
of gestures that get called 
meaningful because nobody is 
sure quite what they mean. 

Charlotte Kirkpatrick and 
Michael Small show tense 
control; Anne Went leads the 
glibly energetic finale. 

John Perrival 

appointing from a composet of 
OPERA Dominic Muldowney's im»- 

— gination. There are people in 

the cast, notably Nicola 
The Pied Piper Blackman as the mayort»». 

- * who mold well cope pith 

UlJVier something more demandinfi 

and the use of a commercial 

The name of Adrian Mitchell idiom, with only the most 
might be thought to lend the doubtful tinge of Weill-sryle 
National Theatre's Christmas irony, is dangerous in an anti- 

show a degree of mare- materialist morality, 
spectability, but any such But in all ocher respects the 
expectations turn out to be packs a pouch. Sally 

groundless. The Robin Hood Gardner provides fantastic 
socialism is kept to a few collage-costumes for the doc- 
charming notions: this is a tor* magician, toy-seller, 
children's entertainment von sweetshop lady and others of 
could safely take your Prime Hamelln, as well as a glorious 
Minister to. It is also a piece dreamcoat for the piper. Roger 
with great energy and exo- Clossop's sets are similarly 
berance, in the writing, in the inventive: a feast of compiica- 
aeting. perhaps most of all in ti*fo for the town and deligfct- 
the design, though certainly, folly simple for the finales at 
sadly, not in the music. the fluorescent river and in the 

the fluorescent river and in the 

Here, however, I hare to 

confess to a difference 

The cast, gamely strolling 

Little suspense 



Following the usual heads-I- 
win, tails-you-lose formula of 
Broadway religious drama, 
N. Richard Nash’s play tells 
the story of a Christian lady 
whose loss of childhood faith 
shocks her analyst into a 
rediscovery of life’s spiritiol 
dimensions. Someone de- 
scribes him as a man with two 
hearts and no head; and that 
seems also to be Mr Nash’s 
opinion of his audience. To 
put over this metaphysical 
confidence-trick, he wraps it 
up in the form of a psychiatric 
detective story featuring a 
glamorous arsonist and a 
court alienist whose task is to 
decide whether she should be 
put on trial or dumped in a 
mental home. 

The early scenes are at pains 

to build her up as a difficult 
case. She is something big in 
Madison Avenue, with a Bette 
Davis line in aggressive ban- 
ter; she also has a habit of 
lapsing into French folk-song 
and inviting her interrogator 
to violate her on the flow of 
the detention room. It is also a 
fact that she set light to the 
family brown stone, burning 
her ailing parent to death. 
Perhaps it could be for the 
inheritance: but then again ( a 

If you likep 
theatre, \ 
you'll love N 

question not explored by the 
author) bow did an epis- 
copalian minister father come 
into possession of $2 million? 

In a plot that arouses so 
Hole suspense, I feel free to 
disclose the answer that poor 
Bess inadvertently burned the 
house down in an excess of 
grief As the Almighty was 
doing nothing to "relieve the 
sufferings of the old man, she 
took her revenge by throwing 
his religious books on the fire; 
and then, as Mr Nadi puts it, 
exchanged the cross for a suit 
of armour by developing a 
fixation on Joan of Arc. I 
suppose it is posable even for 
a public relations executive to 
imagine herself winning the 
ultimate account and gallop- 
ing into battle at the bidding of 
the celestial client But from 
Mr Nash's handling of the 
events I do not believe a word 
of it 

Even in the opening scenes 
it is dear that Bess has been 
-assembled from a ldt of stereo- 
types and has no independent 
existence; and in the stretches 
of prickly backchat there is no 
wav of telling whether it is the 
character or the author who is 
showing off Worse is in store. 
Taking a leaf from Shaffer’s 
Equus. the piece goes on to 
present the analyst as a sceptic 
who becomes increasingly 
hypnotized by his patient's 
elemental fantasy life. Di- 
alogue is to match. “May God 
forgive you.” “I don’t need his 
forgiveness; I believe in man.” 


•V :V<f ■" • 

Capable partnership: Kevin McNally, Diana Rigg 

There is plenty more where 
that came from. 

As for Bess, once alone in 
the slammer she starts to hand 
out military advice to Dunois, 
tossing brave words in ' the 
faces of invisible ecclesiastics, 
and emerging for a consulta- 
tion with her defence counsel 
whom she identifies as de 
Baudricourt. After which, 
needless to say, there is a 
combined paternal, psychi- 
atric and pnestly confessional 
in which she goes down on her 
knees to the all -too-com pliant 

sh rink. • 

The involvement of such 
artists as Peter. Wood and 
Diana Rigg in this clammy 
and ill-designed piece is the 
greatest mystery of the eve- 
ning. They have worked no 
miracles with it. Carl Toms's 

brick-arched set is too clearly 
intended for transformation 
into Rouen Cathedral. And 
the play’s central image of fire 
— which certainly gives 
opportunities to a director— is 
neither spectacularly nor logi- 
cally worked out on Mr 
Wood’s stage. 

Miss Rigg follows the text 
wherever it leads: by turns she 
is challenging, abrasive, haun- 
ted and desperate. All the 
joins show, and the greater the 
passion the hollo wer it 
sounds. She sings French 
beautifully. She is capably 
partnered by Kevin McNally, 
and boisterously supported by 
David Healy as a lawyer with 
an infectious hatred of all 
things French. 

Irving Wardie 

Tnlinc TfiFCar Roundhead and Cavalier has Thacker does not appear to be 

tiuuus Vyocaoi been resisted, and the very much concerned in coac h i ng 

Young ViC ' uniformity of the opposing his company to deliver their. 

< " ■ — — ‘ . ■ ■■ — - camps goes a tong way. to- longer lines' with proper con- 

la its nearly four centuries of wards balancing our' view -of trol; it is only with the arrival 
existence Julius Caesar has the action as . an exercise in of Frank Grimes’s .Mark An- 

AtGendepeopfc, ynu meet 
tile kind of inteilfeent 

cultured professionals 
that wu vuTtild expecr to 
meet at the home of a 
favuurin* friend. Vie take 
the utfTKwt ianf« introduce. 
\thi to people whom «c 

fed you will *ahw a* 
friend* and pov-iH*? 
lifetime partner*-. 

GUI us ftwacompUnwaiarv ' 

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existence Julius Caesar has the action as. an exercise in 
had to bear its foil burden of realpolirik enlivened by shafts 
interpretations: • Play up- the of i d e al is m , 
conspirators* Grievances and it As the putative good guy, 
becomes an eminently quot- Conn. Redgrave’s Brutus 
able justification for the over- comes across as a fairly obtuse 
throw of tyranny; place the puritan whose fatal mistake in 
Hi-pfamis on Caesar's aveng- allowing Mark Antony to live 
ers and you have a counter- seems to stem Iks from a 
revolutionary tract. ' sense of moral rectitude than 

David Thacker’s competent from unworkfliness plain and 
but hardly inspired prodne- simple. Matthew Marshes Cas- 
tion sets the piece squarely in sius. is unimpressive in his 
the context of English history.* early ’ envy of Caesar (Peter 
Its eariyi7ih-centuty costume Ellis) but grows in stature with 

- stark black with ran sashes 
for the combatants* swords — 
suggests tire Civil War. that 

his loyalty to Brutus in Act TV. 

By this time Mr Redgrave, is 
gabbling, which cannot help 

Shakespeare, did -not live to. the.O level students who pack 
sec: however, the temptation ' ' the auditorium. As in bis 
to distincuish'fhe. fanians. *5 7 earlier Romeo and JulieL Mr’ 

of Frank Grimes’s .Mark An- 
tony and his superbly flighted 
speeches that the production 
begins to take off If only it 
could end with Act III. 

The director’s staging of this 
highly theatrical work is al- 
together more successful, us- 
ing a bare octagonal stage 
(more or less in the round) and 
expanding and contracting the 
alternating scenes by posting 
the citizenry at the comers of 
the balcony. The political 
rhetoric gains thereby in 
sharpness and focu^ while the 
conspirators are oven their 
due measure of . closeted 


Festival Ha 11/ 

Radio 3 

As a conductor of proven 
distinction in Tchaikovsky on 
gramophone records, Mariss 
Yansons might be expected to 
do as well by Rachmaninov. 
In the first of his two concern 
with the Philharmonia Or- 
chestra this week the visitor 
from Leningrad ensured that 
Rachmaninov's lengthy Sec- 
ond Symphony was saved 
from the feu: worse than 
Hollywood which western 
conductors so often inflict on 

He did so by setting and 
.then maintaining an under- 
lying pulse throughout the 
four movements which .al- 
lowed a foil measure of ro- 
mantic sentiment, difficult as 
this is while still keeping a 
straight face, without letting 
the subject-matter become 
merely rhetorical or self- 
regarding. His sense of ur- 
gency was welcome in the 
outer movements as well as 

Coleman- Wright/ 

Purcell Room 

Anyone who makes such a 
convincing case for the more 
frequent programming of 
Nod Coward's best songs 
cannot be all bad. Peter Cole- 
man- Wri^n is certainly not - 
as anyone who remembers his 
Glyndeboume GugJielmo and 
Demetrius will testify. 

Those who know this full- 
bodied baritone in the recital 
room will acknowledge, too, 
its present weaknesses. The 
top of the voice and its quieter 
shades are as yet a little 
stubborn; they resist any sort 
of sensuous encounter with 
language, - any hint of ihe 
oblique. Fa u re's “L’Homon 
chimfcrique” was something 
less than illusory; the spirit’s 
intoxication was there, but the 
elusive desire was just too 
physically, present. 

By the same token the 
tender, lighter underside of 
Schumann’s Dichrerliebe — 

the Scherzo, and even the 
Adagio was never left to linger 
in its purple passages. 

In this approach Mr Yan- 
sons was supported by orches- 
tral playing of peax. profi- 
ciency, not least Irum a siring 
section which invested even 
the passages of seemingly 
endless note-spinning with a 
firm sense of direction in 
addition to the requisite emo- 
tional character. They had 
earlier led the orchestral en- 
semble as a whole in respond- 
ing with crisp articulation and 
rhythmic vivacity in Pro- 
kofiev's “Classical” Sym- 
phony, keeping it so much on 
its toes that it was made to 
sound like an exhilarating 
extension of his ballet scores. 

By way of not quite a 
concerto, Robert Cohen pi- 
loted his cello through Tchai- 
kovsky's “Rococo” Variations 
with more than enough tech- 
nique, and also a sensibility 
that was at the service of the 
music, from the bounciesi of 
triplet figures in the first 
variation to a coda generously 
endowed with expressive pro- 
portions. The long solo ca- 
denza in the fifth variation 
was invested with a quite 
unusual degree of artistry. 

Noel Goodwin 

story-telling — was glossed 
over in favour of the dark 
weight of tragedy. The rage of 
both love’s affirmation and its 
grief was carried most power- 
folly in the hurtling crescendo 
of "Ich grolle nicht”; the sense 
of a fathomless “Tranenflui** 
and an equally bottomless 
coffin in the final song became 
almost palpably present in 
Coleman-Wright’s densely fo- 
cused baritone. This was the 
Heine of the Tragddie, but 
without that final and essen- 
tial dimension of irony. 

Coleman-Wright and his 
robust accompanist, Hers 
Lane, seemed most at ease in 
their Rachmaninov. The same 
sense of timing, and the 
strongly stylish phrasing 
which made nis four Coward 
songs so successful, projected 
to a nicety the ardour of salon 
melodramas like ‘T came to 
her” and “Oh stay, my love”. 
When it came to “On the 
death of a linnet”, voice and 
piano between them sounded 
(he right level of justified 
sentimentality to pul them in 
the mood for Coward — who 
was encored into the night. 

opinion within your reviewing t * ie a °4 J * :, * c ^^f ore foe 

team. I know toe rules on these perfurmaoce and during dir 
occasions are chat critics take ^e^aUmdiKle a cuddly Aas- 
along available offspring to "ft" ^ 
tel! them what to write, hot I gCjWj*. ■ h 

really cannot go along with . frwm . Bl1 

seven-year-old Edmund’s SK? IF' 

opinion that the tunes are good jfehLP ^ 

(fe ft feir to nndennine his ?“* “ 

credibility by revealing that he f 

finds Stravinsky boring?). ! ? 

.... , . suspect for the adults loo) as 

The pied piping does hare a for lhose gripped in their 

wild electronic magnetism, but sea ( S- 
the reversion to rock-opera 
habits for the songs is dis- 

Paul Griffiths 



The Muir String Quartet, 
currently in residence at Bos- 
ton University, is widely re- 
vered in North America, and 
should before too long be 
equally well known and highly 
regarded in Europe. Their 
debut recital at the Wigmore 
Hall was, in its own right, one 
of the season's high points. 

Their style is marked by all 
the phvsicality and eagerness 
of a group like the Beaux Arts: 
they have their own sophis- 
ticated and distinctive charac- 
ter, though, and surprise with 
more moments of unpre- 
dictability. Lucy Chapman 
Stoltzman is very much their 
leader. The very first notes, 
the opening of Eieethoven's D 
major Op 1 8 Quartet, gave the 
cue for the entire evening in 

by touch 

Vicky studying 
catering when she 
lest ber right. 

Now, dusks to 
Braille, Cooking 
is part of her 
Efe race more. 

their fine, arching tension, and 
in the energy which existed 
even between the notes. 

It is this ability to create 
tension which enables them to 
bring the moto into an an- 
dante from inside, not merely 
by adjusting and contrasting 
tempi. With voices vividly 
balanced and with Michael 
Reynolds's cello providing 
vigorous ballast, ensemble 
work combines brilliance of 
timbre with elegance of 
perception. Their BartoK Sixth 
Quartet thrived on bold inter- 
pretative judgements. creating 
a sense of spontaneity which 
belied the thoroughness of 
preparation. They used the 
Dvorak “American” Quartet 
to sign off. Ideally suited to 
their buoyant nature, the 
work's lyricism rang out as 
they uncovered the essential 
excitability even within the 
slow movement's serenity. 

Hilary Finch 


the auditorium. As in his , Tk/Tar+iw rv,, nnflP uw brush of the flower-petal. r* i_ 

earlier Romeo and Juliet Mr Martin WOPPCF I Ae deceptively light-handed Hilary FlUCfl 

The National Library for the Blind provides .books in 
Braille and Moon, for thousands like her. As well as be ing. a 
large lending library, we produce many hundreds of books 
of all kinds every year, from books of reference and the 
classics to best-sellers — as well as cooker}’, fortunately for 

Help us to go on being Vicky’s lifeline, with your 

subscription, donation or bequest. 

National Library for the Blind 

fbmw. Her \Jaiesiy the Qutvn 

17 Southampton Place. London wcu :eh Rc* hmu 

»e§ ft SSS'rSs |g.S5»> 




I van F Boesky loves money. 
Not just what it will buy but 
the sheer physical weight of 
it, stacks of coins and piles of 
bills. He is an unreformed 
“Silas Marner”. happiest when be 
talks of money and the pursuit of 

Even before falling from his 
perch as Wall Street’s most prom- 
inent financial risk-taker, he spoke 
unabashedly about his obsession. 
His idea of the perfect aphrodisiac 
is “a Jacob's ladder of silver 
dollars." Imagine, he said, “climb- 
ing to the top of such a ladder; 
wouldn't that be an aphrodisiac 

Boesky recalls strolling down the 
Champs Elysfies with his wife, 
Seema, who remarked on the 
beauty of the moon illuminating 
the boulevards of Paris. “What 
good is the moon if you cannot buy 
it or sell it?" he said. 

To Boesky, possessions and 
credentials are all-important His 
uniform is a black three-piece suit 
and a gold watch chain, an exact 
replica of one wom by Sir Winston 
Churchill. He rides in a limousine, 
commutes to Wall Street from a 
vast estate in Westchester County, 
and flies around the world in a 
personal, leased jet He holds 
meeting at New York's Harvard 
Club, though he never attended the 

The pursuit of money was what 
made Boesky run. and he ran all 
the way to the top of the heap in 
the close-knit community of risk 
arbitrageurs, men and women who 
make their money by gambling 
vast sums on the shares of com- 
panies involved in takeovers and 
re-organizations. No one seems to 
know the exact size of his fortune, 
but even after paying $1 00 million 
to satisfy the Federal 
Government’s insider trading 
charges, no one expects him to be 

Current estimates suggest that, 
his financial and real estate hold- 
ings. even after subtracting the 
$100 million penalty, are worth at 
least $200 million. But Boesky has 
carefully guarded information 
about his net worth. Dun & 
Bradstreet, the US credit-rating 
agency, says he is one of the few 

millio naire s on which it has no 

In the shadowy world of the 
“arbs”, as they are known on Wall 
Street, Boesky was nicknamed 
“Piggy” in recognition of his single- 
minded goal Until last Friday, 
“Black Friday" as it is becoming 
known on Wall Street, the title had 
an affectionate connotation. 

But now Wall Street trembles at 
the very mention of Boesky. At 49, 
he has become a “pariah”, shunned 
by the financial establishment as it 
waits for the rest of “Wall Street’s 
Watergate" to unfold. He is nam- 
ing names and identifying specific 
trades as part of a plea-baigpining 
agreement with federal prosecutors 
which could save him from prison. 

■ Boesky has come full aide, bade 
to his beginning * as the “outsider'* 
who arrived on Wall Street in 1966 
with no identifiable track record. 
He is the son of a Russian 
immigrant who arrived in Detroit, 
Michigan, when he was only 12. 
His rather prospered, acquiring 
three restaurants in Detroit. 
Boesky grew up in comfortable 

His academic career was un- 
distinguished. He never graduated 
from university but did manage to 
obtain a de g ree from the Detroit 
College of Law which did not 
require an undergraduate diploma. 
While in law school he married 
Seema Silberstein, daughter of Ben 
Silberstein, a Detroit real estate 
magnate who owned the Beverly 
Hills Hotel 

Boesky was never able to please 
his wealthy father-in-law who 
thought be had married above 
himself, according to associates. 
Boesky recalled in a recent inter- 
view that, “I would Ml asleep just 
thinking about the things that 
people I knew did." He fen asleep 
in a Park Avenue co-operative 
adorned with Renoirs, a gift from 
his father-in-law. 

He was regarded as a misfit who 
suddenly found his niche in the 
mysterious 'world of arbitrage. In 
1975, after several false starts, 
armed with $700,000 supplied by 
his wife's mother, among others, he 
founded Boesky & Co. It was the 
first partnership devoted solely to 
securities arbitrage. Later, in 1981, 

'T. 1 1 * • 

For a few million dollars n 

he began sailing under a different 
flag — the Ivan F Boesky Corpora- 
tion, which became one of the 
largest arbitrage firms on Wall 
Street Boesky had built his empire. 

But he wanted more — accep- 
tance, respectability, the trappings 
of “old money”, according to 
friends and associates. He donated 
money to Harvard, endowed a 
library at the Jewish Theological 
Seminary, and taught classes part- 
time at two New York universities. 
He bid, unsuccessfully, for the 
magazine US News & World 
Report. He told friends he hoped 

last week Ivan F Boesky had a lot of good connections; this week most of them are unobtainable 

someday fora cabinet position. To 
tha t end, be donated money to 
both political parties. 

“He does not want to build a 
firm. He wants to build one of the 
richest families in America,” said a 
former associate. He had a T-shirt 
inscribed with the words "He who 
owns the most when he dies wins." 

In the course of one interview he 
provided his own business epitaph, 
the epitaph of a trader. “I do not 
know when my demise will come 
but when it docs, it will be abrupt” 

Bailey Morris 


1937: Bom in Detroit to Wiffiam 
and Helen Boesky. 

1958: University of Michigan, did 
not graduate. 

1959: Detroit Law CoBege. 

1962: Married Seema 
Silberstein. They have four chadren. 
1964: Graduated from taw 

1964- 65: Clerfc to Federal Judge 
Theodore Levin, a relative of me 

1965- 66: Tax accountant. 

Touche. Ross & Co. 

1966: Joins New York securities 
analysts LF Rothsch&t 
1972-75: General manager, 
arbitrage unit of Edwards Hanley. 
1975: Establishes Ivan F Boesky 
& Co, a partnership. 

1975-77: Adjunct professor of 
business at New York University’s 
Graduate School of Business 
and a FeBow of Brandeis 

1981: Disbands the partnership 
and establishes his own 
corporation, Ivan F Boesky. 

A cocktail of colonial grandeur 

The name of Sir 
Stamford Raffles 
(left) lives on in a 
hotel that was the 
embodiment of 
the empire. This 
week it celebrates 
its centenary... 

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Tomorrow night there will be 
echoes of old empire in a 
distant and unlikely setting. A 
grizzled Chinese called Ho 
Wee How will mix and serve 
cocktails, as he once did as 
room boy for Somerset 
Maugham. A 1946 film. The 
Razor’s Edge — based on a 
Maugham story — will he 
shown after a dinner drawn 
from a 1920 hotel menu. 

And not just any hoteL The 
very name of it evokes sepia 
images of colonial fife; midday 
tiffin, afternoon tea. gin slings 
in the evening, nights danced 
away beneath huge, rotating 

Raffles, the Singapore hotel 
started by three Armenian 
brothers, the Sarkies. cele- 
brates its centenary this week. 
It is in many ways an un- 
expected anniversary, for al- 
though Raffles survived the 
ravages of Japanese occupa- 
tion and the turmoil of 
Singapore’s switch to self- 
government and then in- 
dependence 25 years ago, it 
nearly fell victim to the plan- 
ners and politicians of the 

The hotel was named after 
Stamford Raffles, the English- 
man who strode ashore in 
1819 and founded the settle- 
ment, naming it Singa JPura 
(Lion City in Malay), though 
whichever animal Raffles 
found there it was almost 
certainly not a lion. The 
Sarkies bought extra land 
around what had been merely 
a seafront mansion and made 
it what it is now — a neo- 

When it opened 
tigers were still 
a public menac e 

Renaissance building with 
rusticated columns and 
arched pilasters. 

In its heyday it was the 
ultimate in luxury living, 
boasting the island’s first elec- 
tric light plant at the turn of 
the century and being de- 
scribed in 1905 as “the Savoy 
of Singapore". A 1922 bro- 
chure breathlessly described 
facilities which included elec- 
tric fens, telephones, a bath- 
room and valet service. “The 
coolest place on the island," it 
said. “Everything is here for 
the comfort and convenience 
of the guest.” 

Planters came down from 

Malaya for wild and lustful 
breaks. Film stars such as 
Chaplin, Chevalier and Har- 
low stayed. And, fortunately 
for the Raffles. Somerset 
Maugham spent time there. 
Maugham and other writers 
put the hotel — and its raade- 
for-fiction clients — into their 

Maogham slept here: now Raffles survives on souv eni r safes 

novels and into the hearts and 
minds of millions. 

When the Raffles opened. 
Beach Road was a dust track, 
the jungle began only a few 
hundred yards away and tigers 
were still a public menace. 
Today the hotel sits like a 
stubborn old lady holding out 
against the planners as broad 
motorways and gleaming sky- 
scrapers spring up all around. 
Land reclamation has pro- 
ceeded at such a pace that the 
“seafront" Raffles is now 
nearly a mile from the water. 

In recent years the Raffles 
began to resemble an old lady 
of a different kind, dishevelled 
and stuck in her ways. That 
helped those who wanted it 
removed altogether, arguing 
that the Raffles was a colonial 
anachron ism as well as a waste 
of space (127 rooms on land 
that is now expected to sup- 
port 2,000). The onset of 
recession made the encourage- 
ment of tourism all the more 
essential, however, and the 
Raffles was saved. 

But competition is fierce — 
many observers feel far too 
many hotels have been built in 
recent years and average occu- 
pancy rates are down to 55 per 
cenL So Raffles manager 
Roberto Pregaiz is trading or\ 

the past rather than attempt- 
ing to compete with the future. 
He has introduced a souvenir 
stall and a wmll museum. 
False ceilings have gone, to 
reveal the soothing fens under 
which Maugham and Noel 
Coward sipped their Singa- 
pore Slings, a cocktail devel- 
oped by the barman in 1915 
and now very much back on 
the list Four-poster beds are 
back. Functions and the sale 
of Raffles T-shirts, ties, bags 
and pith helmets provide 80 
per cent of the hotel’s income. 

Whether the Raffles can 
survive in the longer term is a 

Whether Raffles 
will survive 
is a moot point 

moot point, but this week m 
the specially reopened Jubilee 
Theatre, which itself is 50 
years old. the plays of 
Maugham and the songs of 
Coward — he is said to have 
written “Mad Dogs and 
Englishman" az the Raffles — 
are marking the centenary 
with all the style of an 
otherwise forgotten era. 

Steve Turner 


A nthony Perkins wifi 
never shake him off. 
For more than a quar- 
ter of a century, since he 
interrupted the most famons 
shower in movie history, Nor- 
man Bates has dogged 
Perkins’s footsteps. And no 
one is more delighted than the 
54-year-old actor, who is 
about to scire up another 
dose of Nonaania when Psy- 
cho III opens in London 
tomorrow. Bat this time the 
lean actor with the haimted 
look and strange grin finds 
himself wreaking havoc be- 
hind the camera as weD as in 
front of it He directed Psycho 

“Nobody knows the’Nor- 
nan character better than the 
man who created him,” the 
film’s prodneer, Hilton 
Green, says. Great was de- 
lighted when the veteran ac- 
tor agreed to take over the 
reins of the new chiller. 

Psycho remained un- 
tonched far 23 years after 
Alfred Hitchcock brought 
Norman into being. Then, in 
1983, Universal Studios de- 
cided to reopen that ridiraine 
of horror and invited an 
Australian director, Richard 
Franklin, to bring Norman 

S omewhat mrfairty, the 
critics decided F raiaktin 
did not have the Hitch- 
cock tench, bet still the public 
paid oat over $80 minion to 
take another look at old 
Norman, who had spent foe 
intervening years in an asy- 
lum and was deemed to have 
been “cured”. 

After Psycho U, Perkins 
says, be was prepared to let 
Norma gather dost in the 
archives — until he read the 
new script “It was sent to me 
as an acting job and as I 
finished reading it, I said, *1 
want to direct this’.” 

It may* sometimes be 
forgotten that Perkins had a 
career both before and after 
the original Psycho. Trained 
at the Actors’ Studio, he 
auditioned for the part in East 
of Eden Efia Hawn 
eventually gave to Janies 
Dean and went on to star 
opposite Jean Simmons in 
The Actress and with Gary 
Cooper in Friendly Persua- 
sion. He has also appeared on 
the Broadway stage to Look 
Homeward AngeL, Eqma and 
Romantic Comedy. 

But he had never been in 
charge of a big-budget film 
before. “I know Norman well 
and rm very fond of him. 
People love him and Ms 
motel it’s true American 
Gothic, And it’s a fantastic 

“Stifi, I was edgy about . 
directing. I sent my lads away 
fin- the summer" —.Perkins 
has two sons from his mar- 
riage in 1973 to Beny Berm- 
son, a grand niece of the art 

historian Bernard Berenson 
- “but I was still waking op 
in a cold sweat in Che middle 

7 m 

Drake he's in his hammock 
till the great Armadas come. 
(Capten, art tha steepin' 
there bmw?) 
Stung atveeen the round 
shot, listenin' Jar the drum. 
An' dreamin' cni the time o' 
Plymouth Hoe. 

The British commemorate 
their great sea victories with 
particular relish, and ven- 
erate the buccaneers and 
arifnirais who inspired them. 
So the city of Plymouth wiQ 
be sparing no effort in 1988 to 
celebrate the 400th anniver- 
sary of arguably the most 
glorious and significant of 
them all the routing of the 
$parri<h Armada. 

But while Sir Francis’s 
splendid deeds are being 
noisily re-enacted on and 
around the Hoe, a few miles 
inlan d his old home on the 
hani« of tiie Tamar will 
celebrate more peacefully. 
Backhand Abbey was where 
Sir Francis plotted to singe 
the King of Spain’s beard, 
and laid plans to scatter and 
destroy the invasion fleet. 
Yet tiie bouse has never quite 
caught the public imagina- 
tion, attracti ng a mere 30,000 
visitors a year, and now the 
National Trust which owns it 
has launched an appeal to 
restore and publicise it. 

The Abbey began life as a 
Cistercian monastery, 
founded in 1273 by Amicia, 
Dowager Countess of Devon. 
In 1541 the estate was sold to 
one Sir Richard Grenville, 
grandfather of the admiral of 
the same name immortalized 
in Tennyson’s poem The 

The younger Sir Richard 
transformed the abbey into a 
gentleman’s residence, then 
sold it to Drake, whose famil y 
lived at Buckland until 1947, 
when it was acquired by the 
Trust. The new plans include 
restoration of the monks’ 
guesthouse and adjacent form 

visitor facilities, and an im- 
proved display of Drake’s 
relics, not least the dram 
which, says the legend, will 
beat again whenever England 
is in mortal danger. 

John Young 

' " & 




Norman Bates has 
returned — and * 
Anthony Perkins 

(right) has found 
a new direction 
for the old Psycho 

of the night worrying about every single scene to the 
shots and scenes. When I picture, then shot it But I was 
started ont I bought a dozen meticulous about not making 
books about the art of direct- the film a bloodbath. The 
tog. But they were just too public doesn’t want that ami 
technical so I put them asid e Hitc h never gave them that. 

and derided to go with ray 

own instincts. I werkies continues: 

“I fed an affinity for the Wl “ Tate ***** shower 
material I’ve enjoyed my scene: Janet Leigh dies 

association with the Bat?* savagely, but there are no 
family. And the role is the stabbing shots ami no gaping 
Hamlet of horror parts.” wounds . . . Moviegoers may 
Hilton Green, who was an flunk there are, but it’s all to 
assistant to Hitdicock on the the mind.” 
original film, admits Psycho Perkins says he had a 
ITs cool reception may have wooderfal time making his 
resulted from director Frank- ^ picture. “With a second 
tin trying to imitate the style sequd and a $10 ndffion 
of the okl master of the picture you’re to the firing 
macabre. “I think it’s wrong Hae )'’ says. “The sequel is 
to try and emulate *** most provocative kind of 
Hitchcock,” he adds. film. But the way I’ve done It I 

So Perkins made his own 1 can honestly say that 

film, although nring the Mu* Hitch would have enjoyed 
mansion and the recreated sta nding in the background 
motel from die o riginal **i watching me maltn one. 
picked np a great deal from He probably was.” 

Hitch,” Perldas says. “Like Ivor Davie 

him . carefaPy stodgd «, 




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How the Bear never 

changes its skin 

The semiologist’s 
Bernardo Levino 

T his is the age-old story of 
democracies ascribing to 
tyrants their own commit- 
ment to fair play and 
honour. Public opinion in uncen- 
sored democracies leans towards 
giving the v illain the benefit of the 
doubt, and longs to believe his 
promise of future good behaviour. 
Democratic leaders partly create 
and partly respond to this unalytical 
approach to dictators. In an alliance 
they find it hard to lake a consistent 
line together, and speak with differ- 
ent and uncertain voices, increasing 
the power of their single-minded 
oppponents to defeat them. 

Appeasement was not 
Chamberlain's idea: it was that of 
the whole of Britain and Western 
Europe, with public opinion in the 
United States compelling its leaders 
to stand back, through an inability 
to understand that what Hitler did 
to Jews and small countries in 
Europe was more than a private 
European quarreL Probably the 
USA would never have come into 
the war if Japan had not gone mad 
and attacked Pearl Harbour. 

Until Hitler invaded Russia, the 
British thought Stalin a monster 
who had annexed Estonia, Latvia, 
and Lith uania, and tried to do the 
same to Finland, as well as brutally 
dividing Poland with the Nazis, and 
perpetrating the foul war crime of 
massacring the bulk of the Polish 
officer corps at Katyn in 1940. 
Hitler's treachery to his Russian 
partner, typical of a tyrant, put 
Stalin into our team. He became 
Uncle Joe, and, as the best player we 
had on our side in delault of 
America, it became bad taste to 
refer to his sins and conventional to 
praise his virtues. 

Even Church ill, Eden, and the 
War Cabinet genuinely thought that 
Stalin had become “one of us", who 
could be relied upon to keep 
agreements, and would be influ- 
enced by the same warm affection 
for us that we had rapidly acquired 
for him. We could not get it into our 
heads that Communists are not 
swayed in their dealings with others 
by human emotions as we are. We 
did not want to believe, despite the 
renewed evidence since 1939, that 
unchanging Communist ideology 
was also intertwined with the 
permanent imperialist dreams of 
Russia, which had impelled it to 
move ever outwards to conquer all 
the neighbouring countries it could 
since 1462. 

Napoleon would not have been 
taken in by Stalin. He thought that: 
“If Russia were able to dominate 
Poland, it would be impossible to 
foresee or limit the consequences. 
They win overrun Europe. The 
menace is serious and will endure:" 
But Napoleon was not a democrat 
trusting in the good intentions of all 

Woodrow Wyatt 
reviews the story 
of the fall of 
the Iron Curtain 

The Beginnings of the 
Cold War, 1945-46 
By Hugh Thomas 

Hamah Hamilton, £15.00 

ATT / — 

4 ~~~ £ 

men. Lord Thomas brilliantly dem- 
onstrates in a splendidly construct- 
ed survey how we. the foolish 
democrats, fell for Stalin, and 
surrendered to him whole nations 
and military positions of great 
strategic import, while happily de- 
luding ourselves that the amiable 
old gentlemen, murderer of millions 
of Kulaks, meant no harm to 

Roosevelt and Churchill did not 
have a common posture to Russia 
because Roosevelt was prevented 
by his desire to destroy the British 
Empire, which was disappearing 
anyway, from appreciating that 
Stalin was determined to build an 
empire based on repression, of a 
cruelty hitherto unimagined by 
man, with no hope of escape for its 
subjects. The Allies could have 
captured Berlin, but the USA was 
against it At Stalin's request the 
■USA caused allied troops to with- 
draw from large areas of Germany 
which they had occupied in their 
final advances. Not that Ch urchin 
was without fault in proposing to 
Stalin a curious percentage division 

of influence between the UK and 
USSR, giving the USSR the bulk of 
it in Hungary, Romania, and Bul- 
garia; sharing it in Yugoslavia (a 
bad joke); and keeping 90 per cent 
in Greece. 

Truman was hardly better than 
Roosevelt. Nurtured on political 
horse-trading, he observed in his 
memoirs: “1 had hoped that the 
Russians would return favour for 
favour” — An illustration of how 
unfit warm-hearted democrats are 
to deal with cynical Communists, 
who take anything they give them 
without a fucker of gratitude or 
good feeling in return. 

C ommunism is an ideologi- 
cal religion. Its leaders are 
not capable of swerving 
from its doctrines or mak- 
ing concessions unless they are 
forced upon them. 

Ernest Bevin was early to recog- 
nize how foolish his notion that Left 
speaks to Left had become. He 
would not bade, but he did not 
disown, Churchill's great Fulton 
speech in March 1946. Truman was 

on the platform. He had read the 
text in advance, but was startled 
when it was delivered. True to form, 1 
Lord Halifax, then Ambassador to 
die US and formerly the appease- 
ment Foreign Secretary from 193S 
to 1940, asked Churchill to tone 
down the language Appeasement is 
a state of mind not a coherent 

To begin with, many usually 
sensible people thought Churchill 
had gone over the top in warning 
the world that his old wartime 
colleague, Stalin, had aims s till as 
evil as they were op to the day Hitler 
attacked him. But Churchill had put 
into words the worries of many, that 
Soviet occupation of European 
countries was more for 
aggrandisement than defence 
against erstwhile allies, whom Stalin 
knew were unlikely to attack him. It 
was almost too late but NATO and 
a changed attitude in the USA 
towards Russia arose. If the awak- 
ening had come a little later, there 
might have been no stopping the 
hordes Napoleon saw as barbarians. 

The lesson of this book is: will we 

forget the lesson? Gorbachov 
smiles, and his smartly dressed wife 
buys jewellery in Bond Street The 
world swoons, concluding the Rus- 
sian Communists have changed 
their nature. Gorbachov offers ap- 
parently generous nuclear disarma- 
ment and we trill, anxious to hope 
the impossibility, that he has be- 
come an honest negotiator, and not 

the exploiter of the opportunity he 

sees of Russia emergine militarily 

sees of Russia emerging militarily 
stronger vis-d-vis the West 
Lord Thomas shows that to trust 
the Russians is to sign your own 
death warrant The best guarantee 
of foiling the Moscow imperialist 
ideologues is for Britain and Ameri- 
ca to keep their co-operation bright 
as President Re3gan and Mrs 
Thatcher were doing last weekend- 
Disagreement between us weakens 
the spirit of other Weston coun- 
tries, and gives the advantage to 
Gorbachov and his successors. If 
Mr Kiimock, ungrounded even in 
recent history, were to read tins 
book, he might think again about 
breaking up Nato and making 
Britain nuclear defenceless. 

Umberto Eco is famous in 

England only for 
The Name Qj the Rase, which 
did wen all over Europ e. Two 
of his earlier worts therefore 
now appear belatedly m Eng 
lish. I do not think other oi 
them deserves to attract many 
readers, but who knows? He *s 
a distinguished Professor at 
Bologna, by trade .a 
semiologist, which puts him in 
a good position to write what 

editors call think pieces, about 

absolutely any kind or con- 
vention of human 
co mmunic ation. 

But as a writer he is less 
skilful than Bernard Levin or 
Christopher Hitchens or Give 
James, all of whom, without 
being' distinguished theoreti- 
cians, can equal his range and 
his aremen with Iks expendi- 
ture of words. At his worst Eco 
is banal and knowing; and you 
cannot always foOow his argu- 
ment unless you suspend criti- 
cism, which is sometimes 

At his best he is an amusing 
film critic, of Casablanca and 
of Antonioni's Chinese adven- 
ture: Most of his pieces are 
f undamentally worthy; when 
disentangled they are on the 
’side of sanity. His piece on 
Thomas Aquinas is excellent, 
though by no means deep or 
revolutionary. He is trenchant 
about Marshall McLuhan, but 
who is not? Barthes eludes 
him, I think because respect 
mates his tremble on the 
trigger. At the Getty Museum 
he adopts an old world superi- 
ority of tone, which is unbe- 
coming, both because it is too 
easy to shoot at such a vast 
taiget, which is bound to 
dismay us all, and because 
sneering at Americans is one 
of the last and silliest enchant- 
ments of the Middle Ages. 

The history of philosophy is 
a recurring theme. It not only 
holds no water, it would not ra 
this country be acceptable 
from a first-year undergradu- 
ate, let alone a distinguished 
professor. Is it possible that 
these overviews arise from a 
training in scholasticism, 
•which creeps like secret bind- 
weed among his maturer es- 
says? I raise this appalling 
conjecture because Umberto 
Eco has dearly specialized in 
the Middle Ages as intellectual 
history: a giddy activity. 

Peter Levi 



By Umberto Eco 
Yale. £6.95 


By Umberto Eco 

Seeker & Warburg. £15.00 

hoping to reverse this view. 
The resub was not a work of 
deep, original resea r ch, bet 
one part of a longer pubfca- 
tion by several authors. Un- 
derstandably. he flung his net 
as wide as he could, but die 
great strength of medieval art 
is that it bad bnie to do whfa 
intellectual theories erf aesthet- 
ics. There are some excep- 
tions, and be notes them. Bat 
he was not allowed to deal 
with Augustine or Dante or 
Petrarch, because ocher au- 
thors pre-empted them . His 
attempt to make somethingcf 
scholastic views of a e st het ics 
was bravely conducted, bus its 
erudition is unrewaiding; I 
cannot »«w»g»Tte who will want 
to read it, unless some reader 
is riDy enough to be deceived 
by its title, or the pretty 
picture on the cover. 

It was long supposed that 
medieval man had no aesthet- 
ic views of any interest noth- 
ing beyond a few scraps from 
the great table of Plato. Um- 
berto Eco. as a very young 
man, undertook a long essay 
on the subject for students, 

Still, be is a good p h rase- 
maker, and I am sure he reads 
enchantingly in Italian. “Me- 
dieval aesthetics was filled 
with repetitions, 

regurgitations, and potatoes 
of sometimes marginal 
import™" .Art is essentially 
secular, and aesthetics is not 
really a fit subject for cdfoate 
clergymen with high-blood 
pressure, such as St Bernard 
anrf numerous lesser figures 
who throng these pages. No 
one could call Umberto Eco 
uncritical of the modem 
world, but he is at ease in bis 
skin, which he would not have 
been in the Middle Ages. One 
feds that Expo '67 was created 
just for him to write about it 
Yet he was misled in reprint- 
ing an article today that begins 
“What does Expo '67^mean 
in today's world T It means 
nothing at aQ. We have forgot- 
ten all about it And anyway, 
who can trust a semiologist 
who tefls us that moonlight 
connotes “romantic moment" 
to many and Beethoven to 
few, without considering those 
to whom it means badgers, or 
the toms of weather and tide, 
or American science, or the 
imminence of death ? Of 
course, one can see what be 
means, but he writes too 
loosely, to he read under the 

William and the Victorian professional aunt 

An alert little face peers out 
from the dust jacket, the head 
held forward to examine what 
is going on. and, such is the 
unnerving effect of that ex- 
pression, you. It is not a 
beautiful face but it crackles 
with intelligence, and with, 
reserve. There is the sugges- 
tion of a private joke. 

Richmal Crompton, Mary 
Cadogan admits, was a 
biographer’s nightmare. The 
people who knew her had 
nothing but good to say, and 
there were few landmarks in 

the life, no love affairs, no 
dusty attic of the souL It was a 
writer's life. She was a school- 
teacher; she played hockey 
until polio at the age of 33 left 
her paralyzed in one leg; she 
was nice to her nephews and 
nieces (she was, she said once, 
the last of the Victorian 
professional aunts). Once or 
twice she went abroad. 

Yet,-this was the woman 
who, in a neat house in 
Bromley, wrote 38 William 
books; she aim wrote 50 other 
novels, so she took herself 

Byron Rogers 

By Mary Cadogan 

Allen A Unwin, £12.95 

We liked it 
so much that we 
bought you one! 

“ . a book one turns to with constant pleasure. 

with much style and little prejudice ” 

ns April 26 1985 

The Times Literary Supplement is the world's pre-eminent 
literary weekly. It reviews over two and a half thousand books 
a year of which The New Oxford Companion to English 
Literature (worth £17.50) edited by Margaret Drabble is one. 

Take out a year's subscription to the TLS by completing the 
form below and sending it with your cheque or credit card 
number to the address shown, and this splendid book will be 

seriously as a writer. At first 
she could not understand the 
success of William, having 
wanted to give up after just 
five short stories. What must 
have puzzled her even more 
was that they became 
children's classics, for she bad 
intended him for an adult 

The texts quoted here are a 
reminder of just how much 
went over our young beads: 
the satire of middle-class 
Home Counties life, the paro- 
dies of AX Milne (“Anthony 
Martin is milking a cow"), the 
precision of her dialogue 
(“Which of our grand nation- 
al buildings have you seen? 
said Mr Cranthorpe- 
Cran borough. ‘I’ve never been 
to the races,' said William 
sadly"). If this biography does 
nothing else it will make you 
want to read them a g ain 

The irony is that in her 
adult novels she was a woman 
of her class and time; when 

she wrote the William books 
tiie could step outside them 
like Mr Hyde, and the prose, 
the dialogue, the perspective, 
everything was suddenly 
sharper. Her schoolboy hero 
allowed her to mock things 
she held dear, medieval ro- 
mance, spiritualism, even the 
Meditation Group for the 
New Age which she herself 
joined as an old lady. 

There is a similar effect in 
this book. When Mary 
Cadogan forgets about the life 
and starts talking about Wil- 
liam the books moves into a 
quite different gear. She is 
fascinating on such things as 
the reduced social circum- 
stances of the Brown family 
over the decades, and on the 
books as an index to chang e. 
(Richmal Crompton missed 

But it is also possible to get 
much fun out of her attempts 
to gather biographical detail, 
any biographical detail, like 
her subject's favourite foodL- 
rump steak and chocolate 
eclairs. The little face would 
have loved this sentence: “Oc- 
curring when she was only 18 
months old, the untimely 
death of her grandfather had 
no impact on Richmal’s life." 

Books on London are a never- 
ending stream. Some explore 
new tributaries, a few scour a 
new course, most drift try with 
just an occasional ripple to 
divert attention from the 
bank. Nicholas Shakespeare's 
Londoners is content to be in 
the last category. It is, he says, 
no more than “one young 
man's journey throi^h a 
landscape", composed of a 
wide variety of London's in- 
habitants. His model would 
appear to be the Victorian 
chronicler, Henry Mayhew, 
but where Mayhew was inves- 
tigative and angry, Mr Shake- 
speare presents his cast merely 
in an extended diorama. His 
Londoners are seldom down- 
trodden; most share only a 

London Peculiars 

mild eccentricity, or at least 
Mr Shakespeare skilfully 
draws eccentricity out of 

Thus we plunge under 
London with a Central Line 
train driver, who has what 
seems an obsession with sui- 
cides. We read of grim hap- 
penings on a Thames boat 
trip. We harass prostitutes 
with policeman “Tom”. We 
meet a radical vicar. 

Yet as the parade continues, 
page upon page, Mr 
Shakespeare's characters de- 
velop a beguiling appeal. His 
London, hke Mayhew’s, is a 
parochial city with mundane. 

Simon Jenkins 

By Nicholas 

Sidgwick A Jackson, £12.95, 
paperback £8.95 

often seedy, denizens. These 
are not the Londoners of the 
great professions, of adminis- 
tration or politics or diploma- 
cy. They are not participants 
in the city’s cultural richness. 
Tourists are encountered in a 
brothel; “art” is a strip club. 
Mr Sh a ke speare is uninterest- 
ed in London as a world 

capital or in its history or 
topography. He might be in 

Nonetheless, he is a fine 
analyst of the lonely crowd, 
and blessed with an insatiable 
cariosity. Every observer of 
London life has his own focus. 
Mr Shakespeare’s is the city of 
the artful dodger, the restless 
survivor, the comer and goer. 
He is not averse to cliche — 
yet another prostit u te con- 
trasted with a Lucie Clayton 
giri — but his delight in his 
fellow citizens is unmistak- 
able. There are a dozen Lon- 
dons, all of them elusive; but 
he has bagged an authentic 
one. A century from now, this 
will be a document worthy of 
its time. 

Ancestral stories in 

another tone of voice 

From Adam on 


The Tunes Literary Supplement 

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|^^ai!er isopen l a new subscriber* in the UKonly andetoseson H Deco nther ngft 

I must comess that an irrever- 
ent thought crossed my nrind 
when reading OUP * s latest 
contribution to the mountain 
of garden literature. Had the 
editors, I wondered, reading of 
the Prince of Padder-Mnskan 
who spread the pictaresqne 
style on the Continent in the 
Ejghte^att Century, perhaps 
slipped in the odd entry such 
as this simply to test the 
degree of attention of the 
gullible reader or the inatten- 
tive reviewer? 

CH course, from a stable 
such as this, the answer has to 
be that indeed there was such a 
man, and no they hadn't, and 
perhaps it was high time we 
knew all about him. However, 
even to think of asking the 
question says something about 
a book which, if commendably 
thorough, is perhaps jost a 
shade too serious. 

This companion sets out in 
the words of its consultant 
editors Sir Geoffrey and Snsan 
Jellicoe, to provide die first 
“comprehensive reference 
work to deal with die art of 
garden design on a world-wide 
scale from the earliest records 
of emtizatioa to the present 

Does It succeed? So long as 
one appreciates that the sub- 
ject is essentially sarden de- 

Ruth Stungo 

Edited by Geoffrey and 
Snsan Jellicoe, Patrick 
Goode, and Michael 
Oxford, £2930 

It comes as no surprise that 
one of this year’s winners of 
the Other Award “for progres- 
sive books ofhterary merit" is 
The People Could Fly. With 
the author being black and 
female, and the sutgect being 
the literature of the oppressed, 
the book has all the right 
“progressive" credentials. Un- 
like many of its thin or 
tendentious predecessors, 
however, it has the “literary 
merit" too. 

This merit belongs as much 
as anything to Virginia 
Hamilton’s sure sense of sto- 
ry-telling. Whether she is deal- 
ing with animal fables, with 
Bruh Rabbit much in evi- 
dence, or fantastic tales, many 
of which are dose to the 
European tradition, or true 
stories of the slavery time, she 
writes with the sound of her 
own voice in her head: 


Brian Alderson 

American Black 

By Virginia Hamilton 
Illustrated by Leo ami 

“/« addition to being so 
beautifully written , 
The Dirty Duck ' is a well- 
worked-out murder 
mystery with something 
of a surprise ending. 

It is bard to overpraise 
ibis book../' 

The New fork Tones 

Walker Books. £9.95 



Chosen by Kevin 
HoBand; wood- 
engravings by Hannah 

by Martha Grimes 

Michael O'Mara Books 

Faber, £9.95 

sign, rather than the more 
general “gardens" of the tide, 
h does indeed. What gardener 
off spirit could fail to respond 
to the notion of the earnest and 
self-advancing Linnaeus hav- 
ing paused to create a design 
that enabled him to tell toe 
time of day by the opening 
time of different flowers? 

The list of contributor 
reads like a Who’s Who of the 
gardeners' world, and in many 
cases there is a feeling of the 
enthusiasm of the contributor 
for his special snbjectA com- 
panion seems to suggest the 
idea of a comfortable friendly 
volume, one that you waM 
reach down from the shelf to 
enri Hp with in a peaceful 
moment, in search of interest 
and distraction as well as 
Straightforward information 
and definition. If so, it is all 
tore. .v 


Now herds a story l heard 
lelL About John. And he was 
a man (ravelin through one 
end qf this country to the 

The voice is aQ-importam 
here, because several of the 
tales are in themselves rather 
feeble narratives (compare. 

for instance, “The Two 
Johns" with Andersen's “Big 

Claus and Little Clans" to see 
how much more drama An- 
dersen gets into the same 
situations). Unde Remus tells 
the same stories better. 

Double-barrelled Mr 
Crossl ey-Holland. with an ap- 
parently patrician pedigree, 
looks much less like a candi- 
date for the Other Award, 
even though his father did sing 
siories to him with a Welsh 
harp- His heavy-weight collec- 
tion of British folktales was 
first published for the Folio 
Society, and thus carries a 
whiff of bourgeois condescen- 

What he has done is to 
select representative tales to 
show bow the British tribes 
have handed on fairy tales, 
legends, fables, nursery tales, 
and tales of kings and ghosts 
and giants and saints and 
devils. He has worked always 
from printed sources, so that 
his book lacks the homogene- 
ity, the character, of Virginia 
Hamilton’s, and left him at 
the mercy of other men's 



A Fatal Attraction 

James Gardini 

Oinrageous. spectacular, mysterious. Gain- Deshs ade her 

phrasing. He explains very 
rally, section by section, bow 

fully, section by section, bow 
he has arrived al the choice he 
has made, 'but it is significant 
that if is the stories from 
colloquial sources that ring 



Now, be ye lords or 
Ye needful laugh nor 

For ye’ll be a‘ i’ the tod’s 

In less than a hunner 


A Dancer's View of 

Moira Shearer 

b£S I 


.v- '*& - 


‘ \ 


— I 




In the Haggadoh, there is a 
story of four sons answering 
the question put by thS? 
father. The fifth son cannot 
answer because he has gone 
away. Yet, the commentary 
says, a Jewish father's duty is 

The Fifth Son is the obses- 
sion of Hie WieseTs novel. He 
is Ariel, the narrator’s brother, 
who has been killed as a rf»~ id 
by the Angel of Death, a Nazi 

administrator of the ghetto of 
Davarowsk, a Polish city. The 
narrator's father has been 
forced to be the leader of the 
Jewish Councfi. of Davarowsk, 
his terrible duty that of co- 
operating with the slow 
slaughter of his people in 
order to preserve their lives a 
little longer. At what point 
should he resist, when his 
sacred duty is to celebrate life 
at a0 costs? After a massacre, 
he fells into the temptation of 
coinage and refuses to acqui- 
esce. The inhabitants of the 
ghetto are now doomed. 

Elie Wiesef has recently won 
the Nobel Prize for Peace: It 
should have been for Litera- 
ture as wdL His study of the 
meaning of the Holocaust, a 
term that he fostered, and his 
search for understanding and 
atonement for that crime of all 
crimes against humanity, have 
ted. him into a profound 
inquisition into the roots of 
guilt and retribution. The 
rather in The Fifth Son has 
tried to kill the Angel of Death 
after the war. He has foiled, 
and his son goes back, to 
Germany for a final confron- 

tation. Yet if he KDs the kilter 
of his people and his brother, 
be win celebrate Death. He 
will deny the life which God 
gives and which It i$ each 
Pan' s duty, to preserve. Yet 
there must be vengeance on a 
mass murderer, whom God 
has let live, even if he claims 
to be Death itself 
. The Fifth Son is remorseless 
m its inquiries into the ques- 
tions that survive the Holo- 
caust. We must give answers 
like foe four livin g sons to 
their father. We cannot 
testhnony and expiation. No 
book of .recent years Iras so 
troubled and moved me into 
painful queries about past 
wrongs, which 1 did not abet, 
but which affect us afi. 

Asa youth, Ivan Klima was 
interned in the Czech barracks 
camp of Terezin. The first . 
story in Afy First Loves con- 
cerns the girl who gave him his 
daily milk rations. She gave 
hi m too much, then took it 
away. He confused Ms reject- 
ed love with his grief for his 
mint being deported to an 
extermination camp, fifty oth- 
er three first loves never 
remove the narrator from a 
permanent feeding of vertigo 
on the edge of an abyss, a 
sense of the frail divide be- 
tween. life and death, between 
despair awl Joy. With a mor- 
bid sensitivity enhanced bv 

Country matters 

Robert WeBs, still in his 
thirties, writes -poems that are 

r n and unpretentious, firm- 
in the English nmlist 
tradition of Hardy and Ed- 
ward Thomas, blit with a 
qufrkiness Hm* stamps Ms 
own sensibility on foe scenes 
he chooses to observe. So we 
find him writing two stanzas in 
regohr metre on a convention- 
al then*, “After Haymaking”, 

The last boh placed, he 
stretched (mt in theJuty. 
Its warmth and Us were 

He watched the fields be- 
neath the weakening day 
And felt Us stin still ham- 
Jag with the son. 
Wheu it was dusk, he moved. 

Between Us skiu 
And clothes the sweat tea 

He trembled as he felt the air 


Robert Nye 

No flashy mages, no nnex- 

of common speech, yet in foe 
peculiar sensumsness of foe 
whole, embodied in foe repeat- 
ed touch, foe poem cooks aKve 
and n like no oheehefr poem. 
Wells’s Selected Poems (Car- 
amel, £235 paperback) coo- 
tains a dozen foiapg as good, 
and some impressive extracts 
from his translations of 
Theocritus and VirgO, poets 
with whom he has an obvious 
af fi ni ty. ■ 

This is a modest yet impor- 
tant book, foe work of ah 
authentic poet whose voice is 
still somewhat muted by Ms 
a w are ne ss of foe pest, bnt fall 
of promise of perhaps more 

To touch and loach fair what 
'it could mot boM. 

to come. 

Grimes is an American writer 
who has chosen to set aD her 
mysteries in England, employ 
the services of that most 
traditional of English heroes, a 
Scotland Yard detective/ and 
saddle him with a dflename . 
aristocratic friend who has 
renounced Ms titles. It is 
obviously a combination that 
works well in the United 
States, where she gets excellent 
reviews and is compared to 
Christie, Sayers, and James. 
The Dirty Duck is her fourth 
novel featuring Detective In- 
spector Richard Jury, but the 
first to be published here 
It is a learned mystery, fufl 
of well-researched 

Shakespeare/Marlowe lore. 
The victims, American tour- 
ists, are found in Bard-rde- 
varn places like Stratford, and 
Southwark, and the principal 
clue is an Elizabethan poem, 
successive tines of which are 
left on the bodies. It is, in 
almost every way, a superior 
whodunit; and Grimes has 
deariydeme her homework on 
site, the Dirty Duck is not Ml 
of obvious mistakes or sole- 
cisms. But for aD her research, 
she gets her English charac- 



By Martha Grimes 

Michael OMara Books, 

• £8.95 

an. Intdligent, low-key why- 
dunil which won American 
“Edgar” award for last year’s 
bat mystery. 

• The Outlaw, by Georges 
Simenon (Hamish Hamilton, 
£9.95). Desperate Polish fugi- 
tive down and out in Paris 
toms informant on a gam of 
his co mp atriot criminals- Pub- 
fished in 1939 butapparently 
not previously translated into 
Ei^tish, this is slight Simenon, 
which means that it is sparse, 
taut atmospheric, gripping, 
and heaps better than almost 
anything dse around. 

• The Sound of Murder, by 
Margaret Hinxman (Collins, 
£8.95). Second-rate actor’s dif- 
ficult Austrian wife found 
dead in bath during Salzburg 
film 'Shoot retired Inspector 

plot involving an hold’s New 
Year’s Eve fancy dress party, 
the morning-afterbody, and a 
host of disappearing guests. 
Morse’s methods of deduction 
avoid the ctichfis; thrills and 
surprises arc ample aiid satis- 
fying; and it is a pleasure to 
read about an Oxford not 
dominated by high tables and 
dreaming spires. 

• Under Contract, by Liza 
Cody (Collins. £8.95). Wise 
and wisecracking private 
eyeue Anna Lee, rarroed out 
to act as minder to vulnerable 
touring rock star Shona Una, 
keeps her rhythm among ec- 
centric entourage, illegal sub- 
stances, and unfriendly 
practices. Terrific fed for the 
underside of the glitter, good 
action, and Anna back to her 
beguiling best. 

• The Suspect, by 
LR. Wright (Hale, £9JOl 
Murder among that retired 
wrinklies of smafl-towh coast- 
al Canada reveals usual crop 
of dormant obsessions and 

secrets,- unearthed by ccraftHt- 

ably believable investigating 
cop, moony overfeed fiorari- 

and violence. Seeking a disap- 
peared buddy, finding petty 
and grand corruption along 

the way. Walker is a depressed 
Philip Marlowe with even 
fewer brushes with glamour. 
Superb writing, exceflentty 

drawn characters, and a confi- 
dent story; Mu I wish Walker 
would move elsewtere. 

• The Glory Hole Murders, 
by Tony RnneDy (Arlington 
Books, £93$)- The kina's 
modus operand! would not be 
understood by Aunt Matilda, 
bat for those of stronger 
ston raeb FenneUy fa woman) 

. 1. 1 - f a 

a tofof Hum our set in those 
parts -of New Orleans which 
commitment to family life 

and heterosexuality have 
foiled to reach. 

• Nursery Crimes*- by 
B.'M. Gill ‘ 

(Hodden £ Stoughton, £935). 
The moral is that if you’re a 
pretty Httiegiri who grows up 
into & beautifid womaivyoq 
can gpt . away with murder 

unlim ited- - 


Andrew Sinclair 


: By Etie Wiesd 

Viking. £935 

By Ivan KHma 

Chatto & Windus, £9.95 

By Ian Wedde 

Faber. £12.50 


By JTosqph Hansen 

Arlington Books, £10.95 

Ms childhood sufferings, Ivan 
Kfima is an acrobat otadoks- 
cent love, describing the diz- 
zying drops and leaps of the 
heart in his affairs. His last 
Story contrasts his love of 
tightrope walkers with his 
stealing of the affection of an 
epileptic gid from his best 
friend. These are tales of tire 
somersaults and convolutions 
of immature passion. 

Symmes Hole is named 
after the supposed way to the 
centre of the Hollow Earth. In 
this ambitions novel, Ian 
Wedde contrasts the experi- 
ences of the whalers who came 
to New Zealand in the 1830s 

with the perceptions . of a 
narrator, who is variously 
himself an ancient mariner 
called Heberiey, Herman Mel- 
ville, and otter real or “real" 
characters, whose “fiction” is 
partially “history”. If this 
sounds confusing, it is. The 
riotous and thundering and 
scabrous sentences flow and 
race like the murky sea, but 
this flood of historical flotsam 
about Pacific history and per- 
sonal jetsam about modem 
Kiwi life is too self-conscious 
to carry the reader away on its 
tide. If, as Ian Wedde suggests, 

the search for the entrance to 
the Hollow Earth ends in a 
MacDonald’s hamburger 
joint, it is a fair comment on 
the book, aD the sound and 
fury signifying nothing very 

Steps Going Down is a 
straightforward Story of crime, 
sex, gratification, and retribu- 
tion as remorseless as a Zola 
novel, in which the hero or 
heroine is programmed ge- 
netically to an evil end. In this 
case, Darryl Cutler is a male 
hastier who fells in love with a 
beach boy, k£Us for him -a 
couple of times,, inherits a 
fortune and loses it ironically 
to Ms old mother because he 
has an appointment with the 
gas chamber. In comparison 
with The Fifth Son and the 
Holocaust, this novel by Jo- 
seph Hansen is trivial. Yet in 
its hard and clinical way, it is 
all too true a picture of 
Californian beach society 
where crime does pay for foie 
time of night. 

Celebrity sage is Jung at heart 

Sir Laurens van der Post has- 
been writer, traveller, soldier, 
and farmer. He has fought to 
save the Bushmen of his 
native South Africa, and has 
recorded the remnants of their 
culture. He believes in their 
importance to the adventure 
of the human spirit, and that 
we all cany within us our own 
Bushman — that is to say 
archetypal memories which, 
given rein, carry us back 
beyond the time of nations to 
primeval man. 

His creed is a sort of Higher 
Pantheism, resting on the 
foundation of Jungian psy- 
chology; sceptics may see 
something Panglossian in it, 
despite his repeated insistence 

on the madness and disloca- 
tion of the modem world. 
Whether it is the man or the 
message that attracts I do not 
know; but Sir Laurens has 
been adopted as a philosophic 
guide by many of the Great 
Ones of the Earth — princes, 
proconsuls, prime ministers, 
and even, we are told, editors 
of The Times. Some, baffled 
by his teaching, may find 
themselves echoing Byron's 
criticism of Coleridge: “ex- 
plaining metaphysics to the 
nation — I wish he would 
explain his explanation.” Oth- 
ers, trained m the more rigor- 
ous school of Scotch 
metaphysics, may wish Sir 
Laurens's was sharper and 
more precisely defined. 

Allan Massie 

By Laurens van der Post 

Chatto & Windus. £12.95 

But anyone templed to. dis- 
miss his writings as windy 
verbiage would do well to 
think twice; Sr Laurens’s 
view of life is rooted in his 
apprehension of reality, and 
has been shaped by an unusu- 
ally wide and varied experi- 
ence and a restless intellectual 
curiosity. A Walk With A 
While Bushman is not an 

raeni would allow him to say; 
"I was told the joke in France 
that a camel is an animal that 
was designed by a 
committee,” when that has 
been a commonplace of sa- 
loon bare the past 30 years. 

It is perhaps this detach- 
ment too which lets him see aD 
criticism of Mrs Thatcher as 
stemming from “the archaic, 
if you like chauvinistic, jeal- 
ousy of men reared in a mazt- 
- dominated country,” and to 
see “the people who are 
vociferous against bet” as “an 
dite group, a very mixed fibre 
of privileged people in the 
modem world.” Well, I share 
his admiration of the Prime 


i Pfeft WlUl A or Piasgloss,. modem w>^*wdQ, I share 

While Bushman is not an admires), his friends Roy his admiration of the Prime 
exact or coherent statement of Campbell apd William- Minister, but I wouldn’t like 
his position. It consists of Plomer, D.H. Lawrence and to repeat that opinion in the 
conversations apparently con- TJS. Eliot, faults of the Labour bousing estates of Glasgow or 
ducted over a number of years Party and the life-denying Edinburgh, 
with a French television join- nature of socialism, false gods Yet ihSinnocence is part of 
nalist, Jean-Marc Pottiez. and the iniquity of revolution, the charm. This book is so 

conversations apparently coo- TJS. Eliot, faults of the Labour bousing estates of Glasgow or 
ducted over a number of years Party and the life-denying Edinburgh, 
with a French television join- nature of socialism, false gods Yet thra innocence is pari of 
nalist, Jean-Marc Potti ez. and the iniquity of revolution, the charm. This book is so 
They are rambling, discursive, nuclear weapons, sanctions evidently the work of a good 
and, it seems, very agreeably against South Africa, God, man. I shouldn't like it to be 
spontaneous. and man's relation to Him. thought however that it be- 

M. Pottiez is very much a Such a rapid catalogue must longs to the onward and 
disci pk. He sets himself to omit much of which he talks, upward schooL In practical 
draw the Master out The but may give some impression matters, Sir Laurens is sharp 
conversations range over a of the book's riches. Sir Lau- and judicious. The book ends 
wide field; Bushmen, Africa, tens, is as I have suggested, with a memory of the little 
the relation of man to animals someone whom it is quite easy cairns that Hottentots raise to 
(beautiful stories about ele- to mock. He lives on a rarefied their god, Heitse Ebib \ “the 
phants), Japan, and Japanese plane, not only in terms of god who fights the forces of 
prisoner-of-war camps, the thought, but also because, darkness.” Sir Laurens has 
forgiveness of enemies, Jung, with Ms lines of communica- himself been fighting these 
spiritual growth, Churchill, tion to princes and potentates,, forces all bis life this book 
Smuts, Mountbatlen, De he shares something of their may be read as an act of 
Gaulle, Mrs Thatcher (aD of detachment from the life of worship directed to that god of 
whom Sir Laurens greatly millions. Only such detach- Ms childhood. 

and man's relation to Him. 

Such a rapid catalogue must 
omit much of which he talks, 
but may give some impression 
of the book's riches. Sir Lau- 
rens, is as I have suggested. 

thought however that it be- 
longs to the onward and 
upward schooL In practical 
matters, Sir Laurens is sharp 
and judicious. The book ends 
with a memory of the tittle 

someone whom it is quite easy cairns that Hottentots raise to 
to mock. He lives on a rarefied their god, Heitse Ebib, “the 
plane, not only in terms of god who fights the forces of 
thought, but also because, darkness.” Sir Laurens has 
with Ms lines of communica- himself been fighting these 
tion to princes and potentates,, forces all his life tins book 
he shares something of their may be read as an act of 

whom Sir Laurens greatly 

his childhood. 







\\O v 



L v V 





? k §.§■? » &a fgBBgs : « iR3§»> 






I never had Peter Bachman. that 
Sixties cponym for rent sharia, 
down as a painter, but I learn that 
he did indeed daub the odd 
canvas, one of which is to be sold 
on behalf of a client by a London 
estate agent Hurley Bennett With 
a grim appropriateness it was 
entitled Vacant Possession by a 
previous owner and depicts a 
leafy, not to say desirable, residen- 
tial square somewhere on the 
Continent. It is now on display at 
the Pontevecchio restaurant 
Knightsbridge. and will be auc- 
tioned by Willmotts in Covent 
Garden next month. E mma Berry 
of the agents concedes that its 
value lies more in the identity of 
its creator than in its aesthetic 
qualities. “It’s a good job he didn’t 
try to make a living from it 1 * she 
says. But then he never had to, did 

Tell Neil 

John Smith, Labour's trade 
spokesman, was yesterday given 
the Parliamentarian of the Year 
award by the Spectator for his 
spirited attacks on the govern- 
ment over the Westland affair. In 
accepting the prize, a bottle of 
whisky. He said that on the day he 
was told of his win he also 
received an abusive epistle from 
an irate member of the public 
saying: “You will never take my 
British Telecom shares away from 
me, you fat, bald, owlish-looking 
man. Why don't you get back to 
Scotland, and that other twit, 
Kinnock, back to Wales." Ah well, 
some you win, some you lose. 

• Embellishment to a British Gas 
shares advertisement in London's 
Remington Road: “If yon see Sid, 
tell him he owns It already. 11 

Arabian slight 

Norman Tebbit could not take 
issue with all BBC coverage of the 
Tripoli bombing. In the Scottish 
magazine The List, the Glasgow 
University Media Group cites this 
colourful Newsnight piece on 
Gadaffi: “He is still in charge 
despite the rumours, still the 
desert Arab, shrewd and cunning, 
plotting and planning, for the time 
being lying low. But the homespun 
phflosphy of his little green books 
looks more and more threadbare, 
out of touch, even as he struts 
Libya's tiny stage dreaming his 
fanciful dream". One for the 
Commission for Racial Equality, 
I'd say. 

# Still oo about goalies 1 nick- 
names, I hear of a former QPS 
keeper known as Ancient Mariner. 
He stoppeth one of three. 


Shakespeare never stipulated that 
Ophelia should be seated when 
delivering her lines to Hamlet, but 
that is how it has turned out for 
the Actors Touring Company’s 
current production. Irene Mac- 
dougall, who has been playing 
Ophelia (not to mention Rosen- 
crantz, Osric and a soldier during 
the national tour, such are the 
constraints of the budget), ripped 
the ligaments in an ankle the other 
day in a riding accident Col- 
leagues have taken over the other 
parts, but she is still perplexing 
audiences with her whedboond 
interpretation of a girl who, one 
would have thought had prob- 
lems enough already. 


‘Petty larceny is not a matter 
of national security and I 
would remind the accused not 
to mislead the court again' 


Hysteria over the boring Beau- 
jolais nouveau hype has plumbed 
new depths. Oddbins is putting it 
about that a boat bearing its name, 
has laid a trans-Channel pipeline 
to pump the wretched stuff across. 
The pipe is of course being 
guarded by French frogmen (pun 
intended), and Oddbins says the 
wine is expected to travel well, 
which would at least make a 
change. The only saving grace of 
this spoof is that cash raised at a 
Beaujolais binge at London's 
Festival Pier tomorrow will go to 
Save the Children. 

Vin Rosie 

Far more interesting is the fact 
that on Saturday a case of Vintage 
Dry cider from Horam Manor in 
Sussex is being cracked by tfae 
burgers of Villefranche-sur-Saone, 
the little town at the heart of the 
Beaujolais trade. Villefrancbe is en 
fete all day to celebrate the new 
plonk; I predict that the English 
apple will upstage the French 
grape, and that a quantity will slip 
down the throat of the secretary 
general of the Compagnons, the 
inner circle of wine enthusiasts, 
the excellently named M Gerard 
Canard. PHS 

The BBC is in the dock, accused 
by Conservative Central Office of 
presenting in its television news 
programmes a distorted picture of 
the US air raid on Libya. It has 
pleaded not guilty and has taken 
the programmes tine by line and 
sought to justify them. 1 have been 
invited, so to speak, to sit in 
judgment. I have been given all 
the relevant papers and have 
studied them. 

The particulars of the charges 
were contained in a tester from 
Norman Tebbit, the Conservative 
party chairman, on October 30. 
He described the BBC coverage as 
“a mixture of news, views, 
speculation, error and uncritical 
carriage of Libyan propaganda” 
whose “subjective and confronta- 
tional style" was inappropriate for 
a public service broadcasting sys- 
tem funded by the taxpayer. 

Now for the facts. During April 
15 news spread rapidly that the US 
Air Force had made a raid on 
Libya. In the evening we all turned 
on the 9 o'clock news and followed 
it intently. This is what was said: 

“Headlines: Worldwide con- 
demnation of the American air 
strike on Libya. Children are 
casualties — three from GadafiTs 
own family. Mrs Thatcher, under 
fire in the Commons, defends her 
decision to allow the use of British 
bases. Tonight she shows her 
critics the proof of Libyan terror- 

“Good evening. The world is 
wailing to see what Colonel 
Gadaffi is going to do in response 
to last night’s American air attack 
on Libya. In Washington the 
mood is one of jubilation. A White 
House spokesman said l We have 
struck a blow against terrorism, 
we've sent a message to Gadaffi. 1 
But across the world there is great 
concern at what the Americans 
have done. Pictures from Libya 
show that the air strike hit civilian 
targets, causing deaths and inju- 
ries to men, women and children 
as they slept in their homes." 

There followed reports from 
Libya by Kate Adie, from the US 
by Tim Sebastian, by Christopher 
Wain (defence correspondent), 
and others. This was followed on 
April 17 by these opening passages 
in the programme at 9 o'clock: 
“Good evening. Britain is paying 
the price for supporting America's 
attack on Libya. 

“In Beirut and in London the 
terrorists and bombers have 
struck against the British people. 
Three British hostages in Lebanon 
have been killed by their captors, a 
note pinned to one of the bodies 
said it was punishment for the 
Libyan attack. 

“And the long arm of Arab 
revenge reached Heathrow Air- 
port Four hundred people, many 
of them British, escaped certain 
death when police intercepted a 
time bomb in luggage being taken 
aboard an Israeli jumbo.” 

I do not know what impression 
was left on most people by these 
broadcasts, but they left me with 
the distinct impression that, 
assuming the Libyans were guilty 
of supporting terrorism, the 
American action was altogether 

The Times asked Lord Denning, former 
Master of the Rolls, to examine the case 
of Tebbit v BBC with the aid of the 
principal documents. This is his judgment 

Prisoner at 
the mike, you 
may go free 

out of proportion to the occasion. 
They had acted without proper 
regard for humanity. They had 
missed their targets and had killed 
many innocent civilians. Their 
action could not be justified by 
international law on the ground of 
self-defence because it was so 
excessive: and that Britain was 
wrong to have lent her aid to it 

That impression remained with 
me until the true position was 
made dear by the Prime Minister 
in her statement to the Commons 
a little later. I was then quite 
satisfied that the US action was 
fully justified. International ter- 
rorism is a threat to civilization, a 
land of underground warfare 
which must be put down by all 
appropriate measures. Sanctions 
will not do it. So force is the only 
resort available. In this case the 
US Air Force did everything in its 
power to bomb only military 
targets. The civilian casualties 
were very much to be regretted, 
but not such as to condemn the 
raid itself. 

Such being the facts, I turn to 
the law. Television producers are 
wont to claim that they have a 
freedom to publish equal to that of 

newspapers, and that they are 
-equally exempt from censorship. 

They are mistaken. The law 
takes a much firmer grip on 
television than on newspapers, 
and rightly so. Television is the 
most influential medium of 
communication that the world has 
ever known. It reaches almost 
every home in the land. It is the 
prime creator of public opinion, 
not only on political issues but 
social and moral too. And public 
opinion is the ultimate authority 
to which politicians and journal- 
ists turn in support of their views. 

Newspapers have much less 
responsibility. They can be, and 
are, corrected by others. They go 
into far fewer homes. So the law 
gives them a fairly free hand. The 
freedom of the press allows them 
to publish any picture they like of 
the news of the day, no matter how 
inaccurate or distorted it might be, 
and to m9ke any comments they 
please, no matter bow biased or 
prejudiced, subject only to the 
restrictions imposed by the law of 
libel or contempt of court, official 
secrets and a few other inhibitions. 

Television is governed by the 
Charter of the BBC and by the 

‘Is the programme to be 
examined fine by line and 
word by word by those 
who have unlimited time 
to do so, with all the 
advantages which 
hindsig ht and all die 
additional information 
gives them? So long as the 
producer acts honestly, he 
should not be pilloried by 
those who have taken 
a different view 9 

Television Act 1964, from which I 
take these provisions: . M 

( J) So far as possible nothing shall 
be in fluded in tfae programmes 
“which offends against good taste 
or decency or is likely to 
encourage or indie to crime or to 
lead to disorder or to be offensive 

to public feeling.” 

(2) “that due impartiality is 
preserved ... as respects matters 
of political or industrial conr 
iroverey or relating to current 
public policy." 

(3) The producers and all con- 
cerned must exclude “from the 
programmes ... all expressions 
of their own opinion as respects 
matters of political or industrial 
controversy or relating to current 
public policy. 11 

The courts have shown a dis- 
position to correct any misuse by 
the tele vision organizations of 
their powers but none has yet had 
to consider the dnty of the 
television people in regard to news 
programmes. I would stress the 
great importance of the news, 
especially in affairs of inter- 
national concern such as the raid 
on Libya, and the speed at which 
all concerned had to work, with 
messages pouring in from all over 
the world. 

These had to be sorted, read and 
considered, with some accepted 
and others rejected; some accepted 
in part, others rejected in part 
Then the whole lot has to be fitted 
together like a jigsaw to make a 
picture of events and the reaction 
to them which was fair, balanced 

and impartial And all to be fitted 
into the limited time allotted. 

Sceiiigthax the television people 
had a difficult tadr to fulfil at great 
speed, I would ask: are they to be 
condemned because some people 
afterwards (who have not read or 
seen all the messages) turn round 
and say that the BBC presented a 
distorted picture? Is the pro- 
gramme to be examined line by 
line and word by word by those 
who have unlimited time to do so, 
with all the advantages which 
hindsight and all the additional 
information gives them? 

I think not. I take as my guide 
the law regarding fair comment on 
a matter of public interest Hon- 
esty is the crucial test The 
television producer must honestly 
draw the picture as it appears to 
him from the messages that are 
flooding in. Not tainted by any 
preconceived bias, prejudice or 
unworthy influences. If it should 
afterwards turn out that he has 
made a mistake or given in any 
way an untrue picture, then he wiu 
correct it straightaway. So long as 
he acts honestly, he should not be 
pilloried by viewers who have 
taken a different view. 

I am of the opinion that the 
BBC produced the programmes 
hqnestiy and fairly to the best of 
its ability, without being tainted 
by any preconceived bias or 
prejudice. It is not right that it 
should be condemned afterwards 
with all the additional informa- 
tion available to the critics. I 
consider that the charge against it 
was not well-founded. I would 
acquit the BBC on all counts, 
flnaw m— pn»«.i«ts. 

Invention and innovation, though 
connected, are not the same. 
Invention is to conceive and 
devise a new thing or discover new 
knowledge: to innovate is to put 
that new knowledge to some 
effective use. Both processes de- 
pend on individuals and are 
aspects of human creativity, but 
only creativity can give us inven- 
tions, either in science or art, 
whereas innovations depend for 
their success on the environment. 

Since the change which innova- 
tion brings is disturbing to the 
accepted order of things most 
societies throughout history have 
suppressed the inventive and 
innovatory talents of their mem- 
bers. Social commitment to 
; change is a recent phenomenon. It 
is worth going bade to one of the 
social innovations that began the 
whole process. 

As part of a wholesale sup- 
pression of monopolies and re- 
straints on British trade, the 1624 
Statute of Monopolies specifically 
left open the possibility of grants 
of monopoly rights for those 
willing to establish “new manufac- 
ture within the realm". It was this, 
as later elaborated in the 1 9th 
century Patent Acts and Trade 
Mark Acts, that gave rise to one of 
the greatest inventions of that 
century — the “invention of the 
method 1 of invention" (Alfred 
North Whitehead). 

This led to the even more 
important “invention of the 
method of innovation” a form of 
social contract Society gives to an 
individual or to a body a lawful 
licence to evade the normal 
competitive mechanisms of the 
market Encouragement is given 
to those willing to make high-risk 
investment by holding out the 
promise of above average returns 
by interfering with the common 
law provisions for free trade. 

The system worked well in the 
UK in the 19th century and works 
well enough in other countries 
with market economies today. It 
doesn’t work well in the UK today 
because of two related trends 
which, acting in conjunction since 
the end of the 19th century, have, 
on the one hand, diminished the 
effective value of patents and on 
the other band reduced the 
attractiveness of high-risk invest- 

Patents are no longer based on 
the 1642 concept of “establish- 
ment of new manufacture in these 
realms” but rather designed to 
protect inventions of a progres- 
sively more closely defined na- 
ture. To all intents and purposes 
patents are largely valueless out- 
side the chemical and pharmac- 
eutical industries and, since they 
do not positively protea their 
holders but merely give them a 
licence under civil law to litigate, 
give great power to large com- 
panies vis-A-vis small ones — the 
very reverse of the 19th century 

It is worth asking if we should 
not go back to basics and reinvent 
the 1642 type of patent, 
concentrating not on invention 
but on innovation and offering to 
those willing to invest in new 

John Ashworth argnes for a review of patent 
laws to encourage high-risk innovation 

Putting those 
bright ideas 
into practice 

manufacture an in vestment patent 
or warrant whereby, in exchange 
for an undertaking to establish 
“new manufacture in these 
realms" they would be guaranteed 
exclusive rights to market the 
products of that investment until a 
certain time has elapsed — or, 
better, a certain amount of profit 
been achieved. 

Ideas along these lines have 
recently been extensively worked 
out by William Kingston in his 
book. The Political Economy of 
Innovation, and would well repay 
study. I believe we could rescue 
the patent law from the big 
corporation lawyers and. by 
reluming to the original ideas 
underlying the Statute of Monopo- 
lies. devise an investment warrant 
that encourages innovations 
rather than inventions; designed 
to protea high-risk investments 
rather than corporate cash flows. 

The importance of this is under- 
lined by another trend since the 

19th century that has had such a 
damaging effect: the progressive 
concentration of effective finan- 
cial power into fewer and fewer 
centres, most of them controlled 
by managers of corporate or 
bureaucratic organizations. The 
19th century legal system was 
successful at s timulating innova- 
tions in part because large num- 
bers of people were risking their 
own money. There were a large 
number of decision points. 
Replacing them by a smaller 
number of corporate organiza- 
tions controlled by salaried 
employees inevitably decreases 
the tendency to take rides and 
leads to risk-averse financial in- 

When, in .addition, investment 
in “safe" channels such as prop- 
erty and government stocks has 
also been so profitable it is not 
surprising to find that innovatory 
projects — well known among UK 
bankers to bea certain way to lose 


money in the past 30 years — have 
had difficulty finding support We 
must remember that few inven- 
tions actually work first time and 
all successful innovation is a 
combination of courage to get 
things wrong first time and the 
resources to put them right the 
second time. 

Bankers or hoards who lode for 
pay-back times of 18 months or 
two years do not understand the 
nature of many innovations. It is 
important that we change the 
prevailing economic eTmiat** with 
its concentration on short pay- 
back times by giving extraor- 
dinary preferential treatment to 
those willing to invest in “new 
manufacture in these realms”, 
thus stimulating a proliferation in 
the number of institutions that are 
prepared to back them. 

Innovators need not be very 
intelligent, not brilliant or- 
ganizers, nor well educated; but 
they must have courage and 
determination and they must start 
out with some rationally-based 
presumption of success. We need 
more of them, and those we have 
need better support. 

How should we support inno- 
vators? Just producing more 
money for research will not, in 
itself; produce more commercially 
successful innovations. The oft- 
repeated observation is that the 
UK is good at research but bad at 
deriving commercial benefit from 
it. We need to give much greater 
attention to the problems under- 
lying the difficulties we- have in 
deriving commercial benefit and, 
since there is dearly going to be 
less government money for re- 
search, I think that some of those 
who currently do research could 
usefully address these problems. 

Salford University has been 
attempting to do this since its 
recurrent grant from the Univer- 
sity Grants Committee (UGC) 
was cut by 44 percent in 1981 and 
we have had some success. Our 
contract income per member of 
full-time academic staff has tre- 
bled; the income of our wholly- 
owned company, Salford Univ- 
ersity Business Services Ltd, has 
gone up sevenfold; and the frac- 
tion of our total income derived 
from non-UGC and home student 
fees has nearly trebled. Many 
other institutions have followed a 
similar path. 

But if this switch of emphasis is 
to be successful, not only must 
those good researchers be en- 
couraged and protected but they 
must also be rewarded. 

Seventy staff posts at Salford 
University have recently been 
disestablished — a miserable re- 
ward for our efforts and hardly 
encouragement for others. We 
deserve better than that and I hope 
that all concerned will encourage 
such an innovatory approach on 
the part of universities to these 
problems. Certainly we need to try 
new policies, not only to create 
more innovators but to support 
those that we have. We need to 
support innovation in die policy 
field as well as in industry. 

The author is vice-chancellor oj 
Salford University. 

Ronald Butt 

Making capital 
out of Aids 

The first news of the Aids plague 
must have been deeply disconcert- 
ing to the sex educators and 
“family” planners who have 
worked so hard to teH adolescents, 
children and adults that no sexual 
activity of any sort can be morally 
wrong in itself provided a person 
(however young) freely wishes to 
do it, and given that no unwanted 
pregnancy results. It certainly 
undermines their second message, 
which is virtually that no kind of 
freely undertaken sexual activity 
can have adverse physical or 
psychological consequences, if 
there is no pregnancy. 

Aids bad suddenly appeared as 
a dreadful consequence of particu- 
lar sexual practices which the 
sexual libertarians have been 
determined to establish as just as 
valid as any other. But humanity 
is ingenious in turning bad news to 
advantage, and Aids has been 
harnessed to the veiy cause it ax 
first seemed to threaten. 

The permissive sex edu c a t ors 
and the “family” (not quite the 
right word when you come to 
think of it) plannere have dime 
their best through books, youth 
dubs, clinics arid classrooms to 
place before young people, in four- 
later words, afl the “facte” 
(including many of a morally 
squalid kind) about every con- 
ceivable kind of sex without what 
is called “moralizing.” They take 
sex education ont of the context of 
the traditional values which, in the 
ideal at least, have related it to 
marriage and loyalty. 

The only taboo they accept has 
been a gainst any behavioural ta- 
boos in sex. Apart from the over- 
riding insistence on contraception, 
and abortion, their sex instruction 
of four-letter facts is free of moral 
values and invites every young 
person to do trim he or she wants, 
or what they think they want 
Children at a highly emotional 
and suggestible age have had laid 
before them patterns ofbehaviour 
which would not otherwise have 
occurred to most of them, and in a 
manner which suggests that they 
are out of touch with their peer 
groups if they have no part in any 
of it. Many have natural resources 
of character and family back- 
ground which enable them to 
resist this propaganda. Some are 
less fortunate and more im- 
pressionable. They are victims. 

Initially, tin evidence that Aids 
. was spread by specific homosexual 
practices seemed to threaten the 
campaign by the libertarian sex 
educators and the left to establish 
that all kinds of sexual practices 
are equally valid. But once it 
became dear that it also indirectly 
threatens heterosexuals and peo- 
plc wholly innocent of promiscu- 
ity, the disease was quickly seen as 
providing a new opportunity by a 
nexus of sex educators, libertar- 
ians, some vested interests and 
those who fly unreflectingly with 
the fashion of the moment 

So we now have a demand for 
what is called “explicit” (a word 
significantly associated with the 
warnings outside sex shops) ad- 
vice about Aids. There must be 
explicit advertisements on tele- 
vision about the practices which 
spread the disease, about how to 
minimize the risk and, above all, 
for contraceptives, the last of 
which has long been an objective 
of the “family” planning lobby. A 
rraent Channel 4 programme on 
Aids, in which a group of homo- 
sexuals explained in four-letter 
words what everyone “needs” to 
do, induded a cartoon of a 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Snooze for 

We’ve seen a lot of good Swedish 
tennis players here m recent years, 

We certainly have. Brian. 

But this Lairs Bedbug is certainly 
one of the best. 

He certainly is. 

What would you say is the best 
aspect of his game? 

Well, he's so very, very good, it's 
hard to say. What would you? 
Well, if 1 was pushed to point out 
just one aspect of his game that 
seems to me totally admirable, I 
would say it was his ability to stay 

Would you. now? And just what 
would you mean by that? - 
Well, I couldn't help noticing just 
now that when Bedbug came to 
serve that all-important fourth 
service in the third game of the 
fourth set against the fifth seed 
Fran to vie . . . 


I'm sorry. I've forgotten what I 
was going to say. 

You were going to say. I think, that 
it was amazing the way Bedbug 
stayed awake for his all-important 

Exactly. Bedbug has been playing 
tennis nonstop now since Christ- 
mas 1983, with only one day off 
for a major operation in 1985, and 
although this has given his game 
an undeniable edge, it also means 
that he is totally at the end of his 

In what sense, Brian? 

Well, Brian, in the sense that he 
doesn't care where he is, what he’s 
doing or who he's doing it to. He 
absolutely doesn't give a toss any 

You mean, he's a touch jaded? 
You could put it like that. You 
could also say he's the most boring 
player since King George V. 

Ana as you speak. Bedbug has 
reclined on the court, stretching 
himself at full length. 
fa he protesting at something, do 
you suppose? 

No, he’s just gone to sleep. This 

n happens i 

J up for his second serve. The 
boredom is so acute that he goes 
into a deep trance. 

Is that why he's playing in 

J think so, yes. That, and the fact 
that he is sponsored by Serveezi 
Slumberwear . Don’t forget that 
modem tennis is now a synonym 
for deep sleep. People don’t count 
sheep any more, they count rallies 
by Becker. 

How exactly do modern players 
m a nag e to get so sleepy, do you 

Well, / think it’s because of the 
computer : If a tennis player takes a 
day off to go shopping or haved 
baby or have the hiccups, he is 
automatically ranked 100 down on . 
the computer rankings. So they 
keep going, which means of course 
that they get awfully tired. 

Would that explain why Bedbug 
has now got out his Swedish duvet 
and climbed into it at the vital 
point which he must win if he is u> 
stay in this all-important tour-, 
nament here just before the mot 
all-important tour nam ent? 

Almost certainly, yes, Brian. It 
certainly explains why the audi- 
ence have got into their serve 'n' 
volley sleeping bags better to 
appreciate the subtle nuances of 
this game. 

So how would yon define the: 
tacucs in this game between 
Bwbug and Frantovic, then? . 
WeU quite frankly / would say that 
both of them are trying to lose so 
that they can g& knocked out early 
and have acouple of days rest. 

And what is your personal feeling 
about this? 

WeR, personally, / feel the strong-, 
est possible temptation to do 
likewise. Frankly, I haven't seen a 
good game of tennis since ..." 

Yes . . ? 


And since everyone at the stadium 
jsnwjfa* astep, we return you to 

Swedish advertisement for cod. 
rin THF which was on any reckoning 
obscene. If the campaign succeeds 
we shall so doubt shortly have 
Channel 4 providing more of the 
entertainment films which show ■ 
the pi a criecs which spread the 
disease; with explicit advertise- 
ments about how to reduce the 

It was also predictable that the 
re se a r c h officer of the Family 
P lanning Information Service, Ms 
Kaye Wetting, should be caning 
(in the British Medical Journal} 
for “a major information cam- 
paign” for barrier contraceptives, - 
“clear instructions for their use" 
and an attempt to “improve the 
public image" of the condom, 
which was not presumably in- 
tended as a joke. She says there tea 
case for “setting aside the sensitiv- 
ities of a minority.” 

We have also ted Mr David 
Sharpe, chairman of the 
ing Committee, advocating free 
condoms with the reassurance that 
this will not promote promiscuity 
(how does he know?) but win 
“prevent the spread of a plague of 
biblical proportions.” Yet any 
idea that the “plague" will be so 
“prevented” must be fantasy. The 
is rather of encouraging 
fata* security. 

Respectable political opinion is 
Hfrnhing on the sam e bandwagon. 

For the Labour Party, Michael 
Meacher was recently warning us 
on BBC radio that the warnings j 
much be “explicit”, which pres- 
umably means that families must 
accept in their homes images of 
ugliness which distort understand- 
ing more than they inform. The 
egregious junior Health Minister, 
Edwina Currie, has said that she 
wants four-fetter words to be used 
in the campaign against Aids, and 
children to be taught about homo- 
sexuality, which is the very ap- 
proach which moved Kenneth 
Balrer to take the responsibility fin- 
sex education away from teacheis 
and to give it to governors, who 
include parents. 

Some of the people now delib- 
erately using Aids in their cam- 
paign for destroying any lingering 
moral standards for teaching chil- 
dren about sex are those whose 
teachings encourage it. A revised 
edition of that vile booklet Make 
it Happy has inserted an explicit 
account of Aids, and gives precau- 
tions against it, including “having 
sex with fewer partners". But 
elsewhere in the book children are 
introduced in obscene detail, 
which cannot be printed bore to 
two of the practices most likely to 
lead to the catching of Aids, one 
which specifically states that there 
is “nothing dangerous or pois- 
onous” about it when in this 
context there might well be. 

Yet this bode is still on the list 
of recommended material for 
teachers submitted by the govern- 
ment-funded Health Education 
Council to the Department of 
Education. So is Dr Miriam 
Stoppard’s no less disgusting Talk- 
ing Sex (which is described as her 
findings from potting questions to * 
teenagers, though what teenagers * 
would answer such prurient ques- 
tions beats me.) She too describes 
oral sex for children without 
disapproval- Are we going mad 
that we allow the spread of 
depraving propaganda, and then 
suppose that we assist sexual 
responsibility by four-tetter word 
instruction in schools, and mor- 
ally coarsening propaganda mi 


U -If. 

’ r V* 

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Pennin gton Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-48 1 4100 


TTie confused and conf using 
case which brings together the 
unpublished memoirs of Mr 
Peter Wright, the reputation of 
Britain’s national security ser- 
vice and the Supreme Court of 

> New South Wales is providing 
a tripwire for even the most 
practised performers. The 

> Prime Minister in the. House 
of Commons has been cor- 

«l reeled on a point of elementary 
- law. Sir Robert Armstrong, the 
country’s senior civil servant, 
has had an unseemly Hnch 
with an airport photographer 
and has admitted to 
“economising on the truth”. 

In the vociferous audience 
„ are sundry British and Ameri- 
; can spy-watchers, and those 
who would advocate free 
speech at any price, even that 
of national security. The result 
is a cacophony of claims in 
which the original justification 
for ba nn i n g publication of Mr 
Wright’s memoirs is being 

In Sydney this week an 
impression has been created of 
a weak argument incom- 
petently presented. It is true 
: H that tire Government's case 
concerns complex and highly 
sensitive issues. But the jus- 
tification for its action in 
seeking to prevent publication 
through the Australian courts 
is essentially simple. It is the 
same justification as that given 
by Lord Donaldson last July 
when he ruled that the Gov- 
ernment was entitled to ban 
publication of Mr Wright's 
memoirs in the United King- 
dom and it turns on Mr 
Wright's position as a former 
member of the national sec- 
urity service. MI5. 

In his judgement. Lord 
Donaldson said that employ- 
ment in the security services 

1 conferred “the obligation of 
confidentiality”, an obligation 
which was “implicit in accep- 
tance of appointment in the 
service, a lifelong obligation 
unaffected by retirement**. 
What the court of appeal did 
not, and could not, add was 
“wherever the former em- 
ployee may live". That is the 
case now being contested. - 
A number of other qnestions 
obtruded as the case pro* 
guessed through the English 
courts. The first of these, and 
the one most comprehensively 
rejected by Lord Donaldson in 
his judgement, was the aigit- 
ment that publication of Mr 

,, Wright’s memoirs was in the 
- * public interest 

The court ruled that nothing 

it had been told about the 
contents of lire memoirs gave 
grounds for considering this to 

be so.On the contrary, there 
.were grounds for supposing 
that publication would only 
da mag e the*work of the sec- 
urity service. 

A second is the question of 
where an aggrieved member of 
the security service ran present 
his case if his complaint is 
against the head of the service 
hi m sel f, rather than about, a 
more junior colleague. It has 
been argued in Mr Wright’s 
favour that because he sus- 
pected the head of MIS to be a 
traitor and because other se- 
nior members of MIS were in 
the pay of the Soviet Union, 
his only recourse was to .pub- 
lish his case in the form of 
memoirs to set the record 
straight. This argument has 
rightly been rejected on the 
grounds that thane exist proper 
Channels for c ommnni^fifvn^ 
of this kind. 

The third question, and' the 
one which has . most recently 
obscured the central issue in 
Sydney, is the question, of 
other publications about the 
security services which may 
have been produced with tire 
co-operation of ex-members of 
the security service. What 
difference is there, so this 
argument runs, between the 
memoirs of Mr Peter Wright — 
against which the Government 
is trying to bring the full force 
of the law on two continents — 
and accounts of the workings 
of the security service com- 
piled from primary sources tiy 
an academic or journalist 
which have been openly pub- 
lished and sold in the United 

This is the reddest of all the 
herrings. There is a world of ; 
difference between auto- . 
biographical memoirs, built on 
first-hand experience, ■ and 
records compiled by an out- 
sider. However authentic his 
sources, however perceptive 
his insi ghts, the outsider lacks 
the authority of the insider. 
His conclusions can be dis- 
missed sb misguided or ac- 
cepted as reasonable. B el ie f 
cm be suspended. The insider 
can only be accused of lying or 
deliberately misleading. He is 
most likely to be believed. 

This is why the books of Mr - 
Nigel West and others provide 
neither parallel nor precedent 
for the publication of Mr 
Wright’s memoirs. It does not 
matter whence Mr West's 
information came or how 

many ex-security officers 
passed secrets to him and with 
what authority. His writing 
and the writing of Mr Wright 
are different genres and should 
not be confused. 

Through all the 
meanderings of court proce- 
dure one principle has been 
upheld consistently: that offi- 
cers of the security service, 
past and presort, have a duty 
of confidentiality which can be 
enforced by the court That 
point has been fought and — so 
for — upheld in the En glish 

Once a former intelligence 
officer has settled abroad, 
however, the rules change and 
the prmdple is virtually 
impossible to uphold. The 
question is no kmgen should a 
British intelligence officer be 
able to breach confidentiality 
with impunity, but does an 
Australian court have a duty to 
a national interest other than 
its own? 

If the British Government 
can demonstrate to the 
satisfaction of the court in 
Sidney that the security of the 
Western alliance, rather than 
British security is at etaine, its 
case might perhaps attract 
more sympathy. If it could 
demonstrate further that the 
contract of security officers 
was deemed to extend not only 
for all time but to all places, it 
might stand a better chain** of 
victory. But Australia, like any. 
country shaking off the patron- 
age of the Empire, wiD find 
such a presumed limitation of 
its freedom of action difficult 
The case of Peter Wright is, 
of course, exceptional. Few 
former intelligence officers 
will settle abroad after service; 
fewer still will use the opportu- 
nity their expatriate status 
gives them to publish abroad. 
Even if the British government 
loses its case, the number of 
people in a position to emulate 
Mr Wright will be few. In view 
of this, there may come a time 
— within days rather than 
weeks, indeed it may already 
be past — when the informa- 


Plight of haemophiliacs with Aids 

From the Director qf the Newcastle 
Haemophilia Centre 
Sir. Infection with the human 
immunodeficiency virus (HIV) 
has added an intolerable burden to 
the lives of many families with 
husbands or sons already in- 
capacitated by haemophilia. Of 
the 2,000 or so severely affected 
haemophiliacs in the United 
Kingdom it has been estimated 
that 1,200 have been infected as a 
direct result of their treatment 
with Mood products. Nineteen of 
the 21 haemophflic patients noti- 
fied as having Aids by October 31 
this year have already died. 

When the Commons debate 
Aids next Friday I hope that time 
wiD be found to consider the 
special needs of these fomQies. It is 
my experience that haemophiliacs 
are by nature men of courage who, 
perhaps because ofthesr depen- 
dence on society for their treat- 
ment, sometimes find it difficult 
to speak publicly about then- 
problems an** their With 

the advent of Aids tins reticence 
has tended to h id e a picture of 
growing financial, social, and 
emotional deprivation and there is 
an urgent requirement for con- 
structive and co mpassiona te help 
from government 
In common with other groups, 
infected people with haemophilia 
are finding it difficul t, ir not 
impossible, to obtain insurance 
and mortgage endowment poli- 
cies. They have difficulty in 
obtaining employment and fece 
loss of earnings when they become 
unable to work. Even with pres- 

ently available DHSS benefits the 
additional costs imposed by spe- 
cial needs, including diet, hairing , 
laundry, transport and help in the 
home, are beyond their mgan« 

Death from Aids brings prob- 
lems of meeting funeral costs 
of course, loss of income, and has 
direct consequence on the future 
wellbeing of widows and depen- 
dent children. Present knowledge 
dictates that infected youngsters 
must be counselled to think 
carefully about parenthood be- 
cause of the clangers of trans- 
mission of HIV by vaginal 

As if all this were not enough we 
are as yet unable to give a clear 
prognosis and patients have to live 
with the uncertainty of possible 
premature death. 

I believe that these families 
form a well defined group with a 
special call for State help. In the 
case of haemophilia the Govern- 
ment should argue neither pre- 
cedent nor an open-ended comm- 
itment, because of the iatrogenic 
nature of the infection and the 
small and finite numbers in- 

It would be of great -and 
immediate benefit if some form of 
no-feult compensation could be 
provided for them. 

I remai n etc, 

PETER JONES, Director, 
Newcastle Haemophilia Centre, 
Royal Victoria Infirmary, 

Queen Victoria Road, 

Newcastle upon Tyne, 

Tyne and Wear. 

November 14. 

Education campaign 

From Canon P. It Rounds 
Sir, Yon comment in your issue of 
November 13 that the Govern- 
ment is prepared to weather 
expected complaints on the 

explicitness, etc of the advertise- 
ments and leaflets of the informa- 
tion camp ai gn against the spread 

Fair enough. But what about the 
risk of corruption? Children and 
adolescents wfll see thes e leaflets 
describing homosexual practices 
and emphasising the need to use 
condoms. Such descriptions will 
be read, savoured and discussed 
with their fellows. 

Has no one considered that 
there is such a thing as putting 
ideas into people's heads and, 
moreover, that the forbidden is 

I am. Sir, your obedient servant, 


The Rectory, 1 Portland Road, 
Wyke Regis, Weymouth, Dorset 

From Dr M. J. Balsdon and Dr 
Jean M. Tobin 

sTlsft wise to meefcrfea to 

the Govcrmnent to convince 
the court of its case may cause 
more dam age than allowing 

It will be said with hindsight 
that this was true all along. Bat 
if Mr Wright had not been 
pursued with all posable vig- 
our, the principle would have 
been lost for ever. Those with 
responsibility for our security 
services can be justly chary of 


Today’s Commons debate 
on the Peacock Report has 
come earlier than expected. 
That is to be welcomed. It is 
important that the Govern- 
ment assesses the mood of 
MPs on the future financing of 
broadcasting. It is an issue 
which is developing fast 

It is an issue, moreover, 
which arouses unpredictable 
passions. Over the past two 
years of often bitter debates it 
has brought out some of the 
most reactionary attitudes of 
the Left as well as some of the 
most utopian ideas of the 
Right This afternoon is likely 
to be no exception. 

Professor Peacock and his 
team began their investigation 
after the BBC claimed a 41% 
increase in its licence fee in 
1 984. The size of the demand 
set in train serious questioning 
about whether the current 
method of financ e would best 
serve the future interests of die 
country, the broadcasting in- 
dustry, and the broadcasters* 

Peacock came up quickly 
with a number of answers, the 
most powerful of which was 
that the status quo is no longer 
an option. Changing technol- 
ogy — most significantly the 
arrival of direct broadcasting 
by satellite ' — has turned 
televison from an essentially 
national business, amenable to 
old national customs and 
comfortable institutions, into 
an international business in 
which the less efficient will go 
to the wail. 

Just as the Stock Exchange 
has had to grit its teeth for the 
Big Bang or risk losing its 
business to New York or 
Tokyo, so do the broadcasting 
organizations, the ITV com- 
panies as well as the BBC, have 
to face up. to the cold winds 
from overseas. 

Not surprisingly, however, 
the recognition of this is 
weakest at the senior levels of 
the institutions whose tra- 
ditions are under threat The 
ITV companies like their pro- 
tected monopoly of television 
advertising. The BBC enjoys 
its exclusive grasp on the 
licence fe& 

The BBC in particular, still 
. assumes that change must be 
for the worse. At a recent 
confere n ce, held under the 
auspices of the Centre for 
Policy Studies, the following 
were some of the criticisms 
levelled at Professor Peacock 
by senior BBC executives: 

• that it was “vulgar cul- 
tural elitism** to suggest 
advertising for Radios One 
and Two and not for Radios 
Three and Four. 

• that the BBC should stay 
in local radio because to give it 
up would be to shave only “a 
pound or two or three or four” 
off what would otherwise be 

• that “it was not clear what 
sort of people would want to 
work for some of the bodies 
that are envisaged in the 
Peacock report”. 

These arguments may re- 
appear today in the House of 
Commons. To them the 
following questions might be 
gririr pssftff. Has Radio One, 
born in imitation of commer- 
cial stations, really gainedsuch 
a BBC identity that it' would be 
destroyed by returning to its 
traditional roots? Is a few 
pounds here or there, on a 
compulsory tax levied on all 
television set owners; really a 
matter of such sublime indif- 
ference? Is the BBC run for its 
employees or its audiences? 

The BBC is still fighting for 
its past Its new chairman, Mr 
Marmaduke Hussey, needs to 
engrceram^jor change in the 
Corporation's culture. It ought 
— for its own sake — to be 
embracing the prospects of a 
subscription service. It ought 
to be looking al how its diverse 
constituent parts can best suc- 
ceed in the coining markets. 

English language television 

is a vast and growing bu si ness, 

with great potential for future 
employment and wealth cre- 
ation. But Eke the printing of 
English language magazines, it 
need not all be done in Britain, 

It will be done where the 
companies involved are tire 
most efficient, creative and 

The current British system 
■has many virtues but. ef- . 

firiency and flexibility are not 
among them. Another senior 
BBC executive at the same 
conference referred to the 
“very British system in which 
wonderful articles appeared in 
a newspaper printed by £900- 
a-week men when their work- 
could be done by gifts earning 
£5,00O*-year”. “We all five 
with illogicalities”, he went on. 
“This is one which works”. 

It is worth quoting the above 
remarks in detail because, fir 
more than the statistics that 
win be' hurled around the 
Commons today, they shed 
light on die ethos of those who 
are preparing to enter the new 
worhl of broadcasting. 

The BBC and the ITV 
companies may perhaps have 
longer thaw we think to adapt 
to the new circumstances. The 
first satellite' adventures may 
be failures. It may be many 
years before it is cheaper to 
buy East Eriders from an 
independent studio in Frank- 
fort than to make it in London. 
But change will surely come. 

It is encouraging to note that 
this is accepted to a much 
greater extent by the middle 
ranking members of the 
broadcasting fraternity. It was 
a senior journalist from 
London Weekend Television 
(speaking, he stressed, in a 
personal capacity) who told 
Peacock that the “biggest 
block to the creative and 
financial health of tire ITV 
system” was. the fact that the 
same companies commis- 
sioned the programmes, 
scheduled, the programmes 
and provided the facilities 
with which to; make them. 

The separation of these 
functions at the next licensing 
round would begin the process 
of opening up the airwaves to 
independent producers who 
already lead the assault on the 
oyer-manning, over-paying 
and under-working that look 
so charmingly British to the 
man from tireBBC At bottom, 
today's debate is about the 
management of change, an art 
in which British institutions — 
parliamentarians as well as 
broadcasters —still have much 
to learn. • 

each household on the Aids virus 
when we have so little evidence, 
and that mostly anecdotal, relat- 
ing to its heterosexual spread in 
the United Kingdom? 

Should not the Government 

first finance a study in the 
departments of gemto-urinary 
medicine, where every new pa- 
tient, male or female, could be 
tested for the Aids virus? 

The statistics from these depart- 
ments already provide valuable 
evidence of the prevalence of 
sexually transmitted dismay in the 
general population. The first re- 
sults should be available in just a 
few weeks. 

In the meantime, perhaps. Stop 
— Stick to One Partner, is an 
excellent slogan! 

Yours faithfully, 


JEAN TOBIN (Consultants in 
gemto-urinaxy medicine), 

St Mary's Hospital, 

Portsmouth, Hampshire. 

From Mr D. T. C. Pollock. 

Sir. In all the discussion about 
Aids has any thought been given 
to the rape victim who, as a result, 
becomes infected with the vims 
and sub s equ e ntly loses her life? 

This adds a new dimension to 
what is already a sickening c rime 
and one which society appears to 
be powerless to do anything about 
Yours faithfully, 


Thuringia, 6a Wolsey Road, 

Moor Park, 

North wood, Middlesex. 

Neglected exam? 

From Mr H. Ferrar 
Sir, The Headmaster of The 
King’s School, Gloucester, writes 
sadly (November 14) about the 
neglect of the AS (half A-level) 
exam and the lost oppo r t u nity to 
do something progressive about 
language teaching in this country. 
It is more than sad, it verges on 

We bear, among other objec- 
tions, that the universities don’t 
like half-subjects. Enough, Sir, of 
this bleating, on both sides: We 
shnnM cut the Gordian knot mid 
institute a standard university 
requirement which, uniformly 
and compulsorily, indudes two 
half-subjects (a minimum of one 
of them “unraaled”). After all, if 
our major European neighbours, 
and rivals, can operate a 

baccakwriat system and teach 
larynges much better, why can’t 

Staffing is, I know from experi- 
ence, a problem. It is not at all easy 
to timetable both teachers and 
pupils into these subjects at sixth- 
fonn leveL But, given determina- 
tion and a willingness to co- 
operate, if necessary, with other 
institutions, it can be done. 

It must be done. If our educa- 
tional system has not the will or 
the wisdom to provide post-GCSE 
teaching in “prefer subjects, such 
as a foreign language, maths and 
physics, for university candidates 
and others alike, we shall soon be 
sliding further into cultural and 
economic decline. 

Yours faithfully, 


7 Capel Close, Oxford. 

The Queen’s victim 

From Mr Nicolas Bellord 
Sir, It was intriguing to read 
(report, November 13) that the 
African Queen was still afloat, but 
what news is there of her victim, 
the Gotten? She was built at 
Papenburg on Ems in 1913 and 
was transported in pieces via 
Hamburg and Dar es Salaam. 
Carried up to Kigoma, she was 
reassembled and launched on 
Lake Tanganyika. Usedasatroop- 
carrier, she was attacked by Bel- 
gian air c ra ft and her ca ptain 
claimed that be was obliged to 
scuttle her in 1916 — at least, that 
was his story. 

However, that was not tire end 
of the Gotten. Refloated by the 
Belgians and the British, she 
became the &s. Liemba. Con- 
verted from wood-firing to oil, she 
was refitted in 1922 and 1952. In 
1962 I travelled in her from 
Abercom to Ujiji on one of her 
fortnightly trips round the lake. It 
was daisied that because she was 
on a fresh water lake she would 
never rust 

Can any reader tell us whether 
she is still afloat? 

Yours faithfully, 


67 Brixton Water Lane, SW2. 

Song of praise 

From Mr C A. Baylis 
Sir, Your correspondent, Mr Gor- 
don Wood (November 13X would 
be well advised to pay attention to 
the provisions of the Local Gov- 
ernment (Miscellaneous Provi- 
sions) Act 1982 before involving 
himself in any more impromptu 
public performances on licensed 

Where more than two perform- 
ers are involved in the provision 
of such public entertainment a 
licence is usually required from 
the appropriate local authority. 

Beware Mr Wood! “Any person 
concerned in the organisation or 
management of foat enter- 
tainment” renders him or herself 
liable to prosecution. 

Yours faithfully, 


Lincoln House, 

296-302 High Holboro, WCI. 

A way to leave 
London b ehin d 

From Mr N. F. Smith 
Sr, Anyone who ires the interest 
of the inner cities at heart must 
welcome the formation of the four 
new urban development corpora- 
tions. Their single-minded ap- 
proach with the cash, clout and 
expertise to get things done will go 
a long way towards improving the 
environment of the areas in- 

However, as you imply in your 
leader (November 13). the corp- 
orations will be hard pressed to 
emulate the success of Docklands. 
To make UDCb work properly the 
Administration wUl need to look 
beyond immediate physical dev- 
elopment at the entire economies 
of the conurbations. 

Exhortations and incentives to 
industry to move north have 
achieved little. The Admin- 
istration will need to take a more 
interventionist role. 

One simple and cost-effective 
way of doing this is to relocate 
more Government functions to 
the assisted areas. Move the 
defence establishments that have 
done so much to boost the 
burgeoning industries along the 
M4 to Teesside. With the advent 
of the electronic office there is no 
need to keep such a large number 
of Civil Servants in the capitaL 
Reinstate decentralisation. 
Send the PSA (Property Services 
Agency) and the Department of 
Education to Tyneside. Such 
moves would also help ease 
pressure on London green belt 
The Government will only se- 
cure substantia] private-sector 
investment in UDC areas by 
creating a climate of economic 
confidence. Regional economic 
policies have largely failed. Now is 
the time for this Government to 
adopt a truly radical approach. 
Yours faithfully, 


Drivers Jonas, 

Chartered Surveyors and Planning 

16 Suffolk Street, SW1. 

Control in schools 

From Mr Alec MacGuire 
Sr, In the aftermath of 1943 
autonomous educational institu- 
tions were seen throughout the 
free world as a primary bastion 
against autocracy and totalitarian 
forms of government. 

We have now had a succession 
of Conservative ministers att- 
empting to trim the form and 
content of education in Britain, 
not in accord with public or expert 
debate but by Government dic- 

The various current disputes on 
education suggest nothing more 
strongly than that ft is not 
educational practices but the form 
of government that should ch an g e 
when matters reach their present 
discordant pitch. 

Long ago I learnt that govern- 
ments that despise or mistrust 
whole segments of their popula- 
tion (teachers and dons included) 
were already on the road to 

Yours faithfully, 


61 Banfor Court, Clarendon Road, 
Waliington, Surrey. 

November 17. 

The great divide 

From Mr D. R Bateman 
Sir, I have just returned from a 
journey to the North of England 
and I am now absolutely con- 
vinced that we have become two 
nations by the simple expedient of 
di gging a trench simultaneously 
across both our main north/south 
road routes, namely the Ml and 
the Al. 

I journeyed north, on Friday 
test, pjn M having sought the 
advice of the AA for a journey that 
usually takes me 314 hours. Some 
six hours later, including a virtual 
haft of an hour and 20 minutes on 
the Ml in West Yorkshire, I had 
completed my journey thoroughly 
exhausted and in a had temper. 

My journey south on Monday, 
a.m., took exactly five hours. 
What a waste of time, manpower, 
and resources. 

Surety it is not beyond the 
competence of the Ministry of 
Transport to employ all their 
resources in such a way that only 
one of these vital routes is out of 
action at any one time. After all, 
what businessman having two cars 
would send them both in for 
service or repair at the same time? 
Yours faithfully, 


Cheriton House, 

Kelvedon Common, 

Brentwood, Essex. 

November 17. 


NOVEMBER 20 1934 

An af^&dfor hinds to buManao 
Hospital for Sick Children a n its 
old site in Great Ormond Street 
was launched by a four-page 
section in The Times. In addition 
to this article others were 
provided by prominent writers 
such as Vita Sackv&e-West and 
Bernard Darwin (who wrote on 
Dickens’s children). The sum 
sought to reconstruct the hospital 
was £400,000. 

A Reminiscence 
and an Appeal 


The clods tick away now as they 
did thirty years ago. »nd Green- 
wich is still Greenwich. Neverthe- 
less, time is not the same. When 

think fl tyUT* my oliilithnn it, it in tfik 
rhang a in the Of *inw 

that most impresses me. Whoe 
now are those mornings that went 
cm and on, slowly uncurling their 
half-hours, until a dull patch 
between ten and twelve could seem 
as long as a fortnights ocean 
voyage seems now? When I was 
tittle boy, 1 suppose my day ended 
about six o'clock or so, at an boor 
that appears to me now as being 
about the middle of my day's work 
pod play. As I do not get up much 
later than I did thirty-odd years 
ago, I may be said to have a day 
twice as long as I had then. But 
this, of course, is monstrous. 
Actually I have a mere fraction of 
that childhood's day. What is an 
afternoon now? The briefest inter- 
val between lunch and a cup of tea. 
You can write a few letters in it, 
take a short walk, manage a set or 
two of tennis, or glance at a book. 
That is alL Close your eyes, and the 
thing vanishes in a twinkling. Yon 
can jost swing a cat round it in. But 
when I was a little boy, an 
afternoon was a rich slice of Time. 
You cook! do a hundred things, tire 
of them, start another hundred, 
and then have hours to spare. You 
could travel on long expeditions 
and play complicated games and 
read whole books. You could live an 
epic. Yes, epic afternoons. I re- 
member scores of them. 

Those days in the country. I see 
my own children setting oat, with a 
picnic linifli in the motor, «r»H they 
are gone one minute and apparent- 
ly back the next I have perhaps 
been able to attend to one or two 
tiny bits of business, that's all, 
while they have been away. But I 
know that they migh t have bran 
five hundred wiiw up the Orinoco 
and back, taking leisurely steam- 
ers, so vast and rich has been their 
afternoon. I know this from intro- 
spection and memory. Nothing 
they ever say would lead me to 
suspect that they and I live in quite 
different times. No, that is not 
quite true. Now and again a word 
foils that opens the gulf between us. 
What,” they might exclaim, 
•you're not going to work the whole 
morning.” Little do they realize 
that a whole morning to me is but a 
miserable crumb of time, that 
have only to sit down at my desk 
for the morning to shoot awqy like 
a rocket. But these are only slight 
dues. They think that time for me 
is like time for them, do not know 
that son» sinister magic is at work. 

But is it sinister? True, we 
adults have never really time to do 
anything properly. The hours bus- 
tie us oat of true enjoyment 
Everything is sliding away from us. 
Never again those epic afternoons. 
Evan if we were marooned on a 
Pacific Isle, they would not return 
for us. Nevertheless, our shrinking 
time has its compensations. If we 
have not room to enjoy properly, 
neither have we room to suffer as 
children suffer. If all is not well 
with the child, then his enormous 
reaches of tune are a men ace. The 
bad afternoon goes on and on and 
on, as well as the good one. Just 
think of your childhood. You have 
been edd since then, yon have been 
hungry, been frightened, been 
tired; bnt never as cold, hungry, 
frightened, tired as you were then, 
with the hours crawling for you. 
(Dickens, who suffered terribly as a 
child and never forgot it for a 
moment, realized this fact and 
makes a great play with it in his 
novels.) This is yet another reason 
why it is imperative that children 
should lead happy lives. If they are 
unhappy, they are given such vast 
intervals of unhappiness. They can 
easily find their way into epics of] 

The Hospital for Side Children 
exis t s to protect them, to conjure 
back for them those afternoons of 
sunlight and adventure that go 
blooming through a month of our 
time. Aria that is why we must help 
this Hospital 

Rape compensation 

From Mrs A. G. Wofchover 
Sir, 2 must express my horror at 
the Criminal Justice Bill, pub- 
lished on November 14, giving 
compensation to a rape victim of a 
statutory right to £5,000 for the 
child bora as a result (report, 
November 15). 

Unlimited money cannot com- 
pensate^ victims for such a heinous 
crime committed against them. At 
the same time, I flunk ft is a very 
dangerous law since there is a great 
possibility flux an unscrupulous 
person claiming to be a victim 
could easily accuse an innocent 
man of having committed such a 
violation and who would have 
great difficulty in proving his 

Yours faithfully, 


49 Frognai, NW3. 

Hungary’s torment 

From Mr Gyorgy Krassb 
Sir, I wonder what your readers 
would think i£ in 1990, they were 
to read that their grandparents* 
fight against Hitler 50 years before 
was the “counter-revolutionary 
straggle of reactionary forces”? 
The words were used in your 
November 5 issue by Mr Gyfrrgy 
AczeL, member of the Pohtbfiro of 
the Hungarian Communist Party, - 
for describing the Hungarian 
Revolution 30 years ago. 

ForMrAczei 1956 was “only an 
episode” in our nation’s life. He 
juggles with statistics to show the 
successes of the past 30 years of 
communist rale in Hungary. But it 
would have been more truthful if 
he had spoken about the two 
thousand executed martyrs lying 
in unmarked graves, about the 
twenty thousand prisoners and 
about the real reasons why two 
hundred thousand people woe 
forced into exile 30 years ago. 

“Pluralism of values”, accord- 
ing to Mr Acz&, is manifest in the 
present Hungarian system. His 
article is obviously designed for 
the West since in Hungary the use 

of the expression “pluralism” is 

Only in this year two literary 
journals were banned, one of the 
best-known Hungarian writers 
(Istvdn Csurka) was silenced, 
youth dubs were shut down, 
public debates were banned, 
young people publishing prohib- 
ited texts were fined to more than 
100,000 forints (a doctor’s annual 
earning), several peaceful dem- 
onstrations were brutally dis- 
persed by the police, a number of 
conscientious objectors were imp- 
risoned and, on October 2a a 
young man (Laszlo Rusai) speak- 
ing out for freedom was forcibly 
taken to a menial hospital, in 
dosed ward. 

The Hungarian economy is 
declining, the GNP has not risen 
for two years, but the national 
debt has increased to an unprece- 
dented level of Si 1 billion, acc- 
ompanied by drastic cuts in social 
policy and consumption. Two 
million people are living under the 
poverty threshold, never officially 

The 30th anniversary of the 
revolution could only be comm- 
emorated in secret, behind closed 
doors, but 125 people living in five 

communist countries gave their 
names to a declaration saying that 
1956 has remained foe common 
heritage and inspiration of these 

The ghost of foe 1 956 “episode” 
is haunting again in the streets of 
Budapest, Warsaw, Prague, Buc- 
arest. East Berlin and other cities 
in the eastern pan of Genual 
Europe occupied by foe Soviet 



24/D Little Russell Street, WCI. 
November 12. 

Lost for words 

From Mr R. A. O. Lewis 
Sir, Today 1 was informed by my 
building society that a long- 
awaited reply to an enquiry was 
being finalised- in the word- 
processing department. 

Does this mean that the much- 
loved typing pool has dried up? 

I remain. Sir. your obedient 


Ashton Court. 

1 Oxford Road. 

Aylesbury. Buckinghamshire. 
November 6. 


- a 



















t a 

i as 









November 19: The Queen held 
an Investiture at Buckingham 
Palace this morning. 

The Duke of Edinburgh. 
Colonel, Grenadier Guards, 
gave a Reception for the Grena- 
dier Guards Regimental Associ- 
ation Branch Secretaries at 
Buckingham Palace this 

His Royal Highness, Patron, 
the Industrial Society this after- 
noon received the Director (Mr 
Alistair Graham). 

The Duke of Edinburgh, 
President of the Central Council 
of Physical Recreation, and the 
Institute of Sports Sponsorship, 
this evening attended a dinner 
given in honour of His Royal 
Highness at Grocers’ Hall, 
Princes Street, EC2. 

Brigadier Clive Robertson 
was in attendance. 

The Duchess of York this 
evening attended a Recital at St 
James’s Palace in aid of the 
Counauld Institute of Finn Art 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived upon arrival by the 
chairman of the Fund (Sir 
Nichola Goodison). 

Mrs John Floyd and Wing 
Commander Adam Wise were 
in attendance. 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips, Chancellor of the 
University of London, this 
afternoon visited Btrfcbecfc Col- 
lege, Malet Street, WC1. 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by the Vice-Chancellor of 
the University (the Lord Flow. 
ersX the President of the College 
(the Baroness Lockwood) and 
the Master (Professor W 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips this evening attended a 
dinner given by the Marketing 
Group of Great Britain (Chair- 
man, Mr Brian Baidock) at the 
Meridien Hotel. Piccadilly, Wl. 

Mrs Charles Ritchie was in 

November 19: The Duke of 
Gloucester was present this 
evening ax The Royal Concert at 
the Royal Festival HalL 
London, SE1. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Simon 
Bland was in attendance. 

The Duchess of Gloucester, 
Vice- Patron of Queen's Club, 
was present this evening at the 
Club's Centenary Banquet at 
Palliser Road, London. W14. 

Mrs Euan McConjuodale was 
in attendance. 

November 19: Princess Alexan- 
dra. Deputy Cofoncl-m-ChieC 
The Light Infen try, this after- 
noon received Major General 
B.M. Lane. Colonel of the 
Regiment, Lieutenant-Colonel 
RjL Sale upon assuming the 
appointment as Commanding 
Officer of the 3rd Battalion and 
Lieutenant-Colonel T. Harris 
upon assuming Command of 
the 5th Battalion. 

Her Royal Highness was 
present this evening at a Recep- 
tion held in support of the 
Psychiatry Research Trust Ap- 
peal at the new Lloyd’s Building, 
Lime Street, EC3. 

Mrs Peter Afia was in 

The Queen and the Duke of 

Edinburgh will give an evening 
reception for members of the 
diplomatic corps on November 

The Duke of Edinburgh wDl 
give the London lecture to the 
inner Loudon brandies of the 
British Institute of Man^emem 
and attend a luncheon at 
Hudson's Bay House, Upper 
Thames Street, on November 

The Queen will open the exten- 
sion of the Royal Hampshire 
County Hospital at Winchester 
oq November 27. 

The Queen will open the new 
Light Division Depot at 
Flowcrdown near Winchester 
and unveil a statue to Sir John 
Moore on November 27. 

The Duke of Edinburgh, patron 
and trustee, will attend two 
receptions at St James's Palace 
on November 27 for young 
people who have reached the 
gold standard in the Duke of 
Edinburgh’s Award. 

The Prince of Wales will launch 
the Inner Cities Trust and 
address the Building Commu- 
nities Conference at the Astoria 
Theatre on November 27. 
Pri nc ess Anne wifl open the first 
sheltered/special sheltered 
housing scheme to be built by 
Scdgemoor District Council, 
Bridgwater, Somerset, on 
November 27. Later she will 
open the new indoor riding 
arena at Sandhill Park Hospital, 
Bishops Lydeard, Taunton. 

Tire Duke of Edinburgh, presi- 
dent, will attend the annual 
meeting of the Institute of 
Sports Sponsorship at Bucking- 
ham Palace on November 27. 
The Princess of Wales will 
present the awards for West- 
minster City CoundTs Anti- 
Drug Campaign at the Rock 
Garden Restaurant, Covent 
Garden, on November 27. 

The Prince of Wales. President 
of Youth Business Initiative. 
wiQ attend a dinner to inaugu- 
rate the Prince of Wales's Youth 
Business Initiative Appeal at the 
Mansion House on November 

Princess Anne, Cdond-in-Chicf 
of The Royal Corps of Signals, 
will attend part of the corps 
committee meeting at regi- 
mental headquarters. 56 Re- 
gency Street, SW1. on 
November 28. She will meet 
members .of the headquarters 
staff and have hmch with the 
corps committee members. 

Today is the thirty-ninth 
anniversary of the marriage of 
the Queen and the Duke of 

Birthdays today 

Mr M.C. Alexander, 66: Mr 
Denis AD port, 64; Mr Peter 
Archer. QC, MP, 60; the Hon 
Hugh Astor. 66; Mr Alistair 
Cooke, 78: Sir Alan Goodison. 
60; Miss Dukae Gray. 66; Mr 
Aubrey Jones. 75; Mr Bobby 
Lodee, 69; Sir Rex Niven, 88; Sir 
David Price. MP, 62; Mr A.M. 
Rees, 74; Professor Sir Austin 
Robinson, 89; Sir Reginald 
Sharpe, QG 88; Sir William 
Walker. 81; Viscount Ward of 
Witley, 79; Sir Edgar Williams. 


$ 42 m paid for 67 modern art works 

By Huon Mallalien 

A sale in New York of 67 
Impressionist and modem 
paintings and sculptures total- 
led more t han S42 million. 

Seven, which between them 
produced $1 1,935,000. or 
£8,231.034, came from the 
collection of the late James 
Johnson Sweeney, a former 
director of paintings and 
sculpture at the Museum of 
Modem An. 

A diam ond-shaped com- 
position painted in 1937-38 by 
Piet Mondrian, and which 
Sweeney had first seen in the 
form of sketches in the artist's 
Paris studio, sold for 
$5,060,000, or £3,489.655, at 
the Sotheby's safe on Tuesday 
evening to an “international 
dealer”, more than doubling 
the previous auction price 
paid for a Mondrian. 

Joan Miro was occupied for 
much of 1945 with a series of 
18 paintings on the theme of 
“Femme dans la Null”. An 

>r p« 

$2,530,000, or £1,744,828, for 
Mr Sweeney's version which 
featured three hand prints in 
die composition. These have 
provoked almost as many 
learned explanations as there 
are modern art critics. 

In the mixed property ses- 
sion which followed there 
were new auction records for a 
Renoir and Henry Moore, 
whose London memorial ser- 
vice also look place on Tues- 
day. Renoir’s “La Coiffure”, 
of 1888, in which a mother 
dresses a girl’s hair before a 
party, went to a dealer from 
Europe at $3,520,000, or 
£2,427.586 (estimate $2 mil- 
lion to $3 million). 

The Henry Moore, which 
went to an American collector 
at $1,760,000, or £1,213.793, 
was one of five bronze casts of 
a reclining figure commis- 
sioned by the Arts Council for 
the Festival of Britain in 1951. 
The work was a particular 
favourite with foe sculptor 

(estimate SI. 5 million to 
$2 million). 

Also in New York on Tues- 
day, Sotheby's claimed an 
auction record for a Benin 
bronze, a standing figure of a 
messenger dating from about 
1 700, which was bought by the 
Peris Gallery for a European 
collector at $792,000, or 
£546,206. The sale of tribal art 
made a total of $2,050,510 or 
£1,415.145 with 17 per cent 
bought in. 

In London yesterday foe top 
price in a sale of British 
paintings at Sotheby’s was 
paid for a work by the 
American-born Benjamin 
West, second President of the 
Royal Academy. 

History painting has gen- 
erally been more esteemed 
t han popular, but this large 
canvas showing Alexander Hi 
of Scotland saved from a stag 
by foe founder of foe Macken- 
zie dan was a fine example of 
its type. 

West was paid the vast sum 

of 800 guineas for it in foe 
1780s, and yesterday h went to 
the London dealer Maahiesen 
for £550,000 (estimate 
£400.000 to £600.000). 

A sparkling landscape by 
Gainsborough and a portrait 
of foe third Earl of Portmore 
as a boy by Reynolds also did 
verv well. The Gainsborough 
made £286,000 against an 
estimate of between £120,000 
and £180.000. and the Reyn- 
olds made £242,000 against a 
mere £50,000 to £80,000. The 
sale produced £3,145,835 with 
jusi over 8 per cent bought in. 

On Tuesday afternoon at 
Christie's in London there 
were some remarkable {Rices 
for costumes from Japanese 
Nob plays. In foe past similar 
kimonos have sold for per- 
haps £400 or £500 in London. 
This sale attracted many deal- 
ers from Japan and they bid 
the most expensive costume 
to £18,700 (estimate £2,000 to 



Dr RJ. AsUdgb 
and Dr VJHL OwcB-Smxth 
The engagement is announced 
between Raymond, eldest son of 
Mr L. Ashleigh and Mis B. 
Ashlrigh, of London, and Vic- 
toria. elder daughter of Dr MS. 
and Dr A.M. Owen -Smith, of 

Mr PJ. Bairatt 
and Miss A. Miles 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter, eldest son of Dr 
and Mrs AJ. Barratx, of 2 
Woodside Road. New Malden, 
and Alice, eldest daughter of Mr 
and Mrs ILFS. Miles, of 
Pantyddaufryn, Llandeiio, 

Mr WJ. Craggs 
and Miss N-A. Tranter 
The engagement is announced 
between William, soa of the hie 
Mr W. Craggs and of Mrs W. 
Craggs. of South Layton Farm, 
Sedge field. Cleveland, and 
Nicola, younger daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Harry Tranter, of 
Manor Cottage. Hanhnead, 

P |K-fcingham-<rfnn > 

Mr D. Cmminghaiii-Reid 
and Miss AJVL Faxall 
The engraemeni is announced 
between Duncan, son of Mr 
Michael Cunningbam-Reid, of 
Nairobi, and Mis Maty Fox. of 
London, and Anne, daughter of 
Major and Mrs EJ. FoxalL of 
Northrepps, Norfolk. 

Mr SJL Ellis 
and Miss GL. Arnold 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon Richard, elder 
son of Mr and Mis J.W. Ellis, of 
Pul borough. Sussex, and Clare 
Louise, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
S.R. Arnold, of Ditchling, 

Mr CJX Morris, RAMC, 
and Miss 1LM. Sontinua 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, son of Mr 
and Mrs Eric Morris, of 
Camberley, Surrey, and Kirsten, 
second daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Neil Soutoam, of Cambezfey, 

Mr TJVL Stanley 
and Miss CM. Wilson 
The engagement is announced 
between Timothy Marie, youn- 
ger son of Mr and Mrs G. 
Stanley, of Tarvin, Cheshire, 
and Carolyn Margaret, elder 
daughter of Dr and Mrs C.T.M. 
Wilson, of Cambridge. 

Mr JJE. Swan 
and Miss N.S. Maidment 
The engagement is announced 
between Julian, youngest son of 
Mr and Mrs Peter Swan, of 
Crouch, Kent, and Nicola, 
younger daughter of the late Mr 
Charles Maidment and of Mrs 
Diana Maidment, of Titchfidd, 

Dr A- Trompetas 

and Miss J.C-A.DsJr 
The engagement is announced 
between Alex, son of Mr and 
Mrs G. Trompetas. of Athens, 
anrt Joanna, daughter of Mrs 
P.E. Daly, of Croydon. Surrey, 
and of the late Mr T.A. Daly. 

Mr JJ. Wax 
and Mbs S J. Loasada 
The engagement is announced 
between Jonathan, son of the 
late MrE Wax and Mrs T. Wax, 
or Ramsbuiy, Marlborough, 
Wiltshire, and Sarah, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs P.A. Lousada, of 
Bow Brickhill, 


Mr M-DjG. Way 
and Miss T.G. Ma rshall 
The engagement is announced 
between Mkhael Denison Gale, 
eldest son of Mr and Mrs Peter 
Way. of Eynsham, Oxford, and 
Teresa Gilmour, younger 
daughter of Major and Mrs 
Philip Marshall, of Bowhayes. 
Chetnole, Sherborne, Dorset. 


and Miss J.W. 

The marriage took place on 
Saturday, November 8, at St 
Cuthbert's, Edinburgh, b etw ee n 
Mr Christopher John 
Conyngsby Hilling, son of Mr 
and Mrs N.F.G Hilling, of 
Glanfoyd, Radbrook Road, 
Shrewsbury, and Miss Jean 
Winifred Mackintosh, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs AJ. Mackintosh, 
of Mains of Butblaw, Peterhead, 


At the end of the second series of races 
in the Americans Cup, White Crusader 
is well placed in fifth position. 

Skipper Harold Cudmore said: “There 
are four boats effectively equal and the 
number of points between them is less 
than the points awarded in the next round. 
Four boats are fighting for two places. We 
will be one of them]” 

To celebrate White Crusaderls suc- 
cesses to date, White Horse Scotch 
Whisky are offering j£L00 offa 75d bottle 
of White Horse America^ Cup Blend 
Scotch Whisky (normal price £ 9 . 99 ) at 
any Peter Dominic store. Just cut out the 
coupon and take it to your nearest branch. 

As the major sponsor of the British 
challenge, White Horse will, of course, be 
keeping you fully informed of White 
Crusader^ progress when racing resumes 
on 2nd December. 

So watch out for further news. 


Commissioned by White Horse Whisky, this 
calendar contains a series of stunning colour 
prims to commemorate the woridfe greatest 
yachting event. It can be yours for only £5.95. 
Look out for the special neck collars on bottles 
of White Horse Fme Old ^ Scorch Whisky ar 
your local stockist. 

" The TEAM SPIRn- 

ft HITT Sum II ftiffi.M 

Tiif \L\kw Smvim Or The NR* Efcmsi Amfrk \>0 p Quixemx 

For your free copy of our Concise Guide to 
The America’s Cup 1987, write to The White 
Horse Challenge, 10 Bolt Court, Fleet Streep 
London EC4A 3DB, enclosing SAJE. 

A wave from Princess Caroline of Monaco on foe 
principality's national day as she shows off her daughter 
Charlotte, who was bora on August 3. With her is Prince Al- 
bert, her 

Memorial service 

Sir Peter Kent 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Sir Peter Kent was held 
yesterday at St James’s, Picca- 
dilly. The Rev Donald Reeves 
officiated. Mr G JF. Skelton read 
the lesson and Mr F.G. 
Lanninie gave an address. 
•Among those present were: 

Lady Km (widow). Dr Mtcftaei and 
Dr Helen cooper (sootivfcrw and 
dautfuerx Mr and MW D Roberts 
(bromcr-uHaw and sIMer-tn-tew). Miss 
Caroflne Roberts. MBS Sirab SUhotn. 
Mr* D Wright. Mbs P Wrtgfct. Mr 
Michael wit 

Sir James SWbMeneid. Professor 8 
E Leake (BraMM. Geological Society) 
wtO) Mr Richard Bafcroan (executive 
secretary}: Mr Basil Butler (raanacrfng 
director. BP) wim Dr D A (. Jenkins 
(general maj»9W. expfcranon* Mrs G 
F Skelton. Dr and Mrs P A Safrtne . Mr 
G I Lwnsden (director. British Geoiogi- 

Ganada). Mr C Dtxon dnstuute of 
Geo toasts). Mr John Brooks (head erf 
exploration. Department at Energy) 
wim Mr Peter warmealey (director at 
petroleum engi n ee rings Mr N L 
Falcon (Royal SodeuOProfessor D T 
Donovan (University CDQege London}. 
Professor E A Vincent (Oxford 
University) and Mrs. Vincent with Dr 
S McKwrow: Or M 

University i. Mr Ian Forrest e 

Mr Jim Homaorook (Petroleum 
Exploration Society of Great Britain). 
Mr W W Chris Greentree (chief 
executive. LASMO) wtrn Mr Dovtd 
Ferguson (Bnance director): Professor 
J C BrWsi (direct or of earth sciences. 
Natural Environmental Research 
Council, also repre s e n ting the chair- 
man). Mr Joe Mason (director. 
Min worth). Mr John 
(representing (be cbairaai ... 

Research). Mr T E S 81i 

(managing director. Energy Enter 
grtsea^and Mr Richard H ar d man 

Prince Georg 
of Denmark 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Prince George of Den- 
mark win be held in West- 
minster Abbey at 5 pm on 
Monday, December 1, 1986. 
Those wishing to attend are 
invited to apply for tickets as 
follows: Heads of Missions to 
the Vice-Marshal of foe Dip- 
lomatic Corps; members of the 
family, peers, Members of Par- 
liament, friends and repre- 
sentatives of organizations to 
the Receiver General, 20 Dean's 
Yard. Westminster Abbey, 
London, SW I P 3PA, enclosing a 
stamped addressed envelope. 
Admissions to the service win 
be by ticket only. 

Richmond Tutorial 

Mr Carey Palmer, founding 
Principal of Richmond Tutorial 
College, announces the follow- 
elections and awards for 
Term 1987: 


ins el 

Shafts (Wandsworth . . 

School). Anthony withers Green cst 
Paul's School). Robert Wotton 
(CrankXgh School). 

Gertrude SchOleneld esdtfblliona: 
Allan Al-Barazd Ubstock Place 
School). Mm Hay ley Baker (SI 
Tsroai Convent. Sunbury-on- 
Thames). Mte Sonya Saul erhe 
School of 81 Davut and St Katharine. 

Closed exhibitions: M S GUI. com- 
moner of the college. J P Joyce, 
commoner of the college, c W 
Mdnnts. commoner of the coUeoe. 
and A DXgnle. commoner of the 

Latest wills 

Mr John Denholm, of Ongar. 
Essex, left estate valued at 
£2,082,701 neL Among other 
bequests he left £100.000 to the 
Royal Agricultural Benevolent 
Institution and I30.0U0 each to 
Age Concern England. Help the 
Aged, the Distressed 
Gentlefolk's Aid Association, 
the Save the Children Fund ami 
the Abbeyfieki Society. 

Sir Harry Vincent Lfeyd»Joaes. 



Royal College of Sargents of 
Mr Ian Todd, President of the 
Royal C ktHege of Surgeons of 
Pngfand. entertained foe follow- 
ing at luncheon at foe college 
yesterday. Sir Barrie Heath, Mr 
Antony R. PiOungton. Mr F. 
Roger Horn and Mr Peter H. 


Kenwright & Cox 
A reception was held at the Law 
Society's Hall on Monday, 
November 17, to mark foe 
fiftieth anniversary of 
Kenwright & Cox, solicitors. 
The toast to the firm was 
proposed by Mr Neil Thome, 
MP. The senior partner, Mr 
Norman Cox, replied and Mr 
Justice Caulfield spoke on be- 
half of tbe guests. 


Central Conned of Physical 

The Duke of Edinburgh was tbe 
ofbonour and speaker at a 
given by tbe Central 
Council of Physical Recreation 
and foe Institute of Sports 
Sponsorship at Grocers’ Hall 
yesterday. Mr Denis HoweU, 
MP, presided and Mr Richard 
Tracey, Minister for Sport, also 
spoke. Among others present 

Lord Luke, SirKeclor Mnra MP. Str 
Aruvur GoW. Sir RoMn Cater. Mr Ken 
Bruce. Mr Denis Chikl. Mr Barry 
CoHira. Mr Colin Cowdrey. Mr 
Geoffrey Oownman. M Patrick 
Forbes. Mr Jobn Whitmore. Mr 
cnrm w ter Chavaaee. Mrs Mary Glen 
wes. Mr Tcny Moore. Mr Cwan 
Mmw. Mr Pete- wnklnson. Mr Fritz 
Wb&nar. Mr DavM Hamilton. Miss 
Marea Hartman. Mr George Holmes. 
Mr Jobn Smith. Mr Oaarles Palmer, 
Mr Rank Pearce. Mr David Hoy. Mr 
Pehn- Hunt. Mr Keith MHcTirf, Mr 
Michael Reynolds. Mr DkX Robtnson. 
Mr Eddie KUokuMB. Mr Peler 
Lipscomb. Mr Charles SheaSUnosds. 
Mr Kenneth Short. Mr Gary 
Luddington. Mr Bert MUUehip and Mr 
Raymond MknieL 

London House 

Sir Ashley Ponsonby. Chairman 
of tbe London House Trust, 
accompanied by Lady Martha 
Ponsonby. presided at an arts 
faculty dinner held at London 
House yesterday. Among those 
present were: 

Sir William and Lady HescMne. Sir 
Pac-H* aod Lady Wrtabt. Professor 
and Mrs J LAdcrtt. Professor K 
Bourne. Professor L Freedman. 
Professors Marks. Prefeaoor T Millar. 
s Pain e. Professor m TWooon. 
Professor B TroweO and Mr 

David Emms. 


National Liberal deb 
Sir Leonard Smith, Chairman of 
the National Liberal Club, pre- 
sided ax the annual dinner held 
at tbe club yester da y. Mr David 
Alton, MP, Lord Banks, Bar- 

oness Robson of Kiddington 
and Mr Des Wilson, President 

of the Liberal Party, also spoke. 

Mouier -Williams 

"Hie partners of Monier-WB- 

liams gave a dinner last night at 

Vintners’ Hall to mar ie the 
retirement from practice of Mr 
Bruce Dehn, Cleric and Solicitor 
to the Distillers' Company, on 
his reaching the age of 70. Mr 
Derek Kirby Johnson, senior 
partner, proposed his health, 
and Mr P ehn replied. 


Latest appointments include: 

Dr Duncan M. Geddes. consul- 
tant physician at Brampton 
Hospital, London, to be honor- 
ary consultant in riisepys of the 
chest -to the Army in succession 
to Dr E E F Keal, who has 


German-Czech democrat 
and historian 

Dr J. W. Bruegel, outstand- 
ing among democratic and 
anti-Nazi members of foe 
Sudeten German community 

in Czechoslovakia, and taler, 
as an exile in Britain, ac- 
claimed as a historian, died on 
November 15. He was 81. 

Johann WoUgang Bruegel 
was born on July 3, 1895, in a 
small Moravian town where 
his father was a judge. He was 
wIhwitwI at foe Douches 
Gymnasium in Brno and at 
foe University of Plague 
where be graduated as a 
doctor of law. 

But be was not, like his 
iafoer, srogfe-mindedly inter- 
ested in a legal career. Journal- 
ism and public sendee were 
strongly competing attrac- 
tions. He began writing for 
ne ws p ap ers mad in 1930 be- 
came secretary to Dr Ludwig 
Czech, leader of the German 
Social Democratic Party in foe 
Czechoslovak state that had 
come into being after tire First 
World War. 

He served under Czech 
when he was a minister in foe 
government of foe country 
from 1934 to 1938, but after 
Munich there was no future 
there for democratic Su deten 
Germans, and in April. 1939 
he escaped to France with only 
ten marks in his pocket. 
Between then and foe fell of 
France he lived in Paris, 
earning his living as a 

This was a job for which he 
as exceptionally well quali- 
fied. His facility for languages 
was such that by tire time he 
reached middle age be was 
fluent in English, German, 
(W, Slovak and French, 
and he later acquired areading 
knowledge of Polish, Italian, 
Spanish and Portuguese. 

In 1940 he found his way to 
England, where Eduard Benes 
was recognized as head of the 
Czech government in exile. 

Among the Czech Social 
Democrats in London there 
were two schools of thought. 
One demanded giignmiwis of 
the position of Germans in 
post-war Czechoslovakia as 
foe price for working with 
Benes. The other, to which 
Bruegel belonged, was for 
collaborating actively and 
without conditions as foe best, 
if not the only, way of prevent- 
ing victimization of the Sude- 
ten Germans after the war. 

There were few friends for 
hk community in British ci^ 
des at the time, German 
Cmrhs being lumped together 
with Nazis in the public mind. 
When Bruegel appealed to 
Harold I-aski, then chairman - 
of Labour’s National Execu- 

tive Committee, to he lp fa 
democratic German Credo; 
he got no response. 

At foe end of foe war he 
returned to Czechoslovakia; 
but Iris loyally so the demo- 
cratic cause, and to Benes; 
west unrewarded, as tire Ger- 
mans of Czechoslovakia w ere 
treated with indiscriminate 
suspicion and hostifty by the 
re-established Czech regime. 
In 1946 he asked to be sent on 
a mission to London where he 
then stayed for foe rest of his 

He buried himself writing 
for Swiss newspapers and for 
foe Socialist press inGexmany 
and Austria. In 1976 tire 
Austrian president awarded 
him the honorary title 
“professor”. He also did work 
for the znonitoringand Czec h 
services of the BBC. 

But his most important 
labours were historical. This 
had always been an interest, 
and his first article (on foe 
1848 revolution in Moravia} 
was written as early as 1928. 
After the war he made a 
careful study of the German 
Foreign Ministry files, and {re- 
translated Gerald Rei dinger's 
The Finn! Solution into 

His own first historical 
book was a life: of his former 
Leader, Dr Czech. This ap- 
peared in 1960. Then he 
turned to tire study of the 
Germans in Czechoslovakia, 
which was to be his major 
work. The first volume deal- 
ing with the period 1918-1938, 
was published in German in 
1967. Six years later he 
brought out an English ver- 
sion of it with the title 
Czechoslovakia before Mu- 
nich. : the German Minority 
Problem and British Appease- 
ment Policy. 

The second volume, cover- 
ing tbe period 1939-1946, 
came oat in German in 1974, 
but has yet to appear in 
English- In 1973 be edited an 
anthology (also in German) of 
Nazi sod Communist litera- 
ture on the 1939 pact between 
Hitter and Stalin, showing that 
Communist historiography 
had never managed to explain 
tins episode coherently. 

IBs 80fo birthday last year 
brought many messages of 
congratulaion to his book- 
lined, papa-strewn home in 
Hampstead Garden Suburb. 
He was widely acknowledged 
by European public figures 
and scholars as an honourable 
victim of 20th century 

- His wife, Josephine - a 
physician - and their son and 

rtnngfttf r mhrfw him. 


Mr Richard Armitage, agent 
and impresario, d red on No- 
vember 17. He was 58. 

Inheriting a music-publish- 
ing company from his lather, 
the composer Noel Gray, he 
built up over thirty years what 
is now claimed to be the 
biggest television and repre- 
sentational agency in Europe. 

He also bad the satisfaction 
of reviving his father's 1930s 
musical. Me and My Girl , and 
of seeing it become a major hit 
on both sides of the Atlantic. 

Richard Noel Marshall 
Armitage was bom at Wake- 
field on August 12, 1928. 
Educated at Eton and King's 
College, Cambridge, he at first 
intended to be a barrister. But 
instead he worked for a time 
in a cousin’s cake factory at 
Pontefract, before joining his 
lather's publishing business, 
whose staple product was 
Nod Gray's own songs. 

When Gray died in 1954 
Armitage took over a business 
of doubtful viability, but over 
foe next year or so he estab- 
lished tbe agency which was to 
prove immensely successfuL 
Having written material for 
tbe Footlights while at Cam- 
bridge, he knew one place to 
go for recruits. 

The agency’s clients have 
included Kuss Conway, David 
Frost, Jonathan Miller. The 
Scaffold, foe King's Singers, 
John Cleese, Geoff Love, Paul 
Jones, Esther Rantzen, Rich- 
ard StiJgoe, Rowan Atkinson 
and Russell Harty. 

At the same time the mnao- 
publishing side of the business 
was developed, with the 
Scaffold's “Thank you very 
much" and Tony Macaulay’s 
“Don’t give up on us” (sung 
by David Soul) outstanding in 
its output 

Armitage also tried his hand 
at producing shows in the 
30s, sometimes in collabo- 
ration with Bernard DdfonL 
Mainly he produced entertain- 
ments at coastal resorts during 

foe summer season. He was 
not in tire big time: 

But a few yean ago he 
decided to attempt a revival of 
Me and My Girt first pro- 
duced in 1936. Hie task was 
complicated by the feet that 
his father bad rewritten the . 
show shortly before his death, 
for performance by amateurs. 

Armitage was determined to 
reconstruct the original ver- 
sion, and was satisfied that he 
had done so after finding, in 
tiie attic of his house in Essex, . 
a 78rpm recording of the 
1930s production at foe Vic- 
toria Palace. 

The new show was pm on at 
Leicester in NovembCT, 1984, 
with David Aitkin directing 
and Robert Lindsay stalling. 

It went well, and Armitage 
looked around for an impresa- 
rio to bring it to the West End. 
Failing to find one, he bought 
it himselfand it opened at tire 
Adeiphi in February of last - 

It is still running there, ^<1 
meanwhile has become one of 
New York’s biggest musical ,. 
hits of recent years It has also 
been staged in Australia, and 
productions of it are planned 
for Scandinavia, Mexico and 
Japan. v 

Armitage was responsible, 
too, for reviving John 
Osborne’s The Entertainer ; 
with Peter Bowles, and his 
production of High Society - 
tbe first version of ft on stage - 
will be opening at Leicester " 
next week. 

He was a man of versatile 
talent, playing the piano and 
organ well, speaking excellent 
French and more th^ pass- 
able Italian, deriving much 
enjoyment from building and 
gardening,, and collecting wine 
with informed enthusiasm. 

His first marriage, to Caro- 
line Hay, and his second, to 
Gabrielle Lloyd, both ended 
in divorce. There are two sons ** 
of tbe first marriage. 

Billy Dainty, versatile pop- 
ular entertainer, died yester- 
day at foe age of 59. 

In an age of instant stars, he 
was one of the last of the 
genuine music -hall artiste, 
and, notwithstanding his suc- 
cess on television, he always 
acknowledged bis debt to the 

He first appeared in panto- 
mime when he was 12. He 
then won a scholarship to 
RADA, from which he played 
truant to appear in the diorus 
of Strike A New Note with Sid 

After doing his National • 
Service he turned to comedy, 
playing summer seasons and 
concert parties. 

A much-praised appearance 


at the 1974 Royal Variety 
Show led to television wort 
ITV created Billy Dainty Es- 
quire as a vehicle for him, and 
other series followed. His 
radio shows included Stick a 
Geranium in Your HaL 
He was a panto stalwart for 
three decades, and his Widow 
Twankey gave yearly pleasure 
until ill-health forced him to 
drop out of Aladdin al . Not- 
tingham last Christmas . - - 
In his prime be was known 
for his tireless feet, and when 
they began to slow he was able 
to turn even this to. comic 
advantage, bidding his audi- 
ence to “talk among your- 
selves for a minu te of two" ■, 
while he got his breath bade. 

He leaves a’ widow and a 


MTtWUiUE, On November 
18fh. TO ARM Ulfe Moriurtyj md 
Christopher. a son, Christortwr 
James, a wwftcr for Joseph and 


g j yJSiS 


Mwtmr your optataos 
fri ywr bAHtHl 




m me I WW IS row . (tua 

|£SS -On November 1401. at tbe Roy- 
al Free Hospital. Hempstead, to 
ROrMtotote^^and Gkm a son. 

fOLLENDER-On 19 NooenAer. at the 

Kean, a daugtUer. 

NOEL - on NowBnte- 190* to Diane 
mfe .de Freitas) and Charles. a 
daughter. Enurirtti Bridget Maggie. 
OWEH - on 190) November a the 

Roele Maternity HovftaL Cambridge 

m IHimdir Utit rir-rlti uml TTunnnii 
a son. Matthew Edward a brottiesr to 

HHCE - On November idb 1986. at 
the John Batidure Hospital. Oxford, 
to NJcfcy tow Magorts) and Max. a 
daughter. Hannah Megan. 

FUXLEY - On November 19th. at St 
George's. Tooting, to Deborah <n4- 
Ferguson) and Patrick, a son. 
SCARFE - On November 17th. at 
Queen Mary’s HospObL Poehanveon 
to Judy (nfe Murray -Ow) and Jona- 
than. a son; 

SBLEV - On November 18th. to 
Heather Cnfe Evens) and Nick, a 
daughter, a sister for battel. 
STRAKEB - Cto 16 November to Vic- 
toria utfe Gray) and Nicholas, a 
daughter, a sister for Jaoquettn. 
SUSSKIND- On November 17th. In St 
Louis. U.SLA- to Elizabeth and Peter, 
a daughter. Katherine Mary. 
THOMAS - On Novsnber 13th. at 
Queen Chartotie’s HoepttaL to Su- 
zanne infe Haines) and Robert a son. 
WUUatn. a brother for Edward and 

THOMAS - On N ov em b er 18th a Lan- 
caster. to Pamela (nfe Martin) and 
David, a son Owen John; . - 
ZAUSMER - On 8th November 1986. 
In Harare, to Veronica Utfe Dane) 
and David, a daughter. Jessica Dure, 
a sister far Rebecca. 

HAWKS - A Memor ia l Service for Dr. 
L.G. Donnes, wflj be bekUn the.Cha- 
pH. Untvaretty Hospital of WHer 
Chntttr on Friday November 2i*t 
1 966. at 12LSO ram. .- 
OAODMOI - There wffl he a Memorial 
Service for Professor Dame Hefei) 
Carrtner ta the University Church of 
SL Mary the vtrgtra. Oxford. on Sat- 
urday. Novqnber 22nd. at 2JSO p ju. 
TMSTLEMM SMITH A Ttwmbsgtvtos 
Service for the Ote of- Geoffrey 
ThtsOeton-SmUh wXJ be mu at the 
ChunH or SL Mary * SL CatuleL 
Harttng on Satuday 29ib November 
m 12 noon. 


memory or aB the Tank Cons who 
fell at the Battle or CambreL Nowob- 
bto-20Ch. 19! 7 and of ad thaw in the 
Heavy Branch Machine Gtm Corps. 
T i - i: CorjK. Royal Tank Corps. Roy- 
al Tank Regiment who have given 
their Uvea for thefe Country durtng. 
- between and since the Iwo World 
Wan. ■ 



TtmiBb Nora WMuig delta. state cemU- 
hm end. prire. nod Mali 3a wen 
GtomWo. Bedford. OMv 441*6 wtA. 

unteaportant. AwdMane*. TeL 01 462 

«Ofil any tone. 



fa attractive quiet cal tie sac. a fiiHy 
fwmhcd BBenordea^ ne dmiixmenc 
(trd & itt Boor.) Lop stout mom 
wait batetniy. aitradnr dtan«/ mam- 
ing mom. FuHy fiord titchmj 
breakfast an. 2 bob. 2 baths. Cb Let 
1-2 yepss pre£ £300 FW. 

Home 01 603 5461 

O you have ouahty property 
10 W. teB us. 


Expert professional service. 



270 Earls Court Road. SWS 
01-244 7393 

WICT AVU- tea. Orttgaed Mns home 
ww> a rarapa, X tods aM 2 MM, fell Ufl 
machines! mushed lo wry Mgn start- 
dam. Co Ung Let. MOO aw. aoddanS 
4 Smith Ol 990 7331. 


Lnxory Studok t a 2 Bad apts 
serviced 6 days pw. 24 hour 

For viewing telephone. 


01-4330687 or 

***• COTTAOE Mown ' m coop Holi- 
day Inn Hatco. Ftvm 1/12/86 urtH 
13/1/87. CbanMngbr decorated flat. 

nrw conversion with 2 pros. OCH. flUed 

Utinen wBb freezer, washing/ drier me 
cttiw. Bathroom, rareodon with video/ 
BMW TV. OnenlDO MM OB exnBaratane 
By private games. £200 pw. Tet 01 

Sat 0709. 

fMrirrianinnr ut nr dm behind 
Haired*. reerp noth sootag piciare Win- 
dow omo So.. tMn) rrn. a beds. 2 MM 

+ tarwns. Keys to vans. Porter aw un- 
Oa Let. £*6 o p.w. Goddard a Snxm ol 
930 7321. 


MB 1/2 girts share tansy Oat. 5 Mm in 
Ube.JCSOPravwexrtnwe.TUjOl 936 
4103 (evenings only). 

t"U1 WIT Luxury pew modem Dloek. re- 
ception. kitchen. Deiraoora. 2 double 
bedrooms, Ad avtetatw for company 
leL £190-00 per wo TeLOl 678 *310 

CHOC OF CHELSEA Bright 2 bed. garden 
ItaL new cduventoo. gas CH. d/wasner. 
l/mrr. wan. m/c. nt/wxvc. tr/lrrmr 
etc. Shari or tang M. C20O Dw Tet Ol 
532 1690 or 01 581 0060 

ber 20th. 1926. ai St Mnria Chureti. 
Alexandria E&ntt. Hugh Warde. to 
Yolande. ESsfe. 

01-741 TW _ 

TBMME Mn recovered hi Sattcltom. 
Natwawwe. T»u Ol 272 

CAPITAL CVS prepare HM> aoHBy cwtIc- 
dHn WM. 01-607 7906. 


WDMWmMl New l he to neme d news 
bouse, available for consnoy let. SmaH 
Dal modem wan an raettwea. wage, 
cotoar Lv. etc. £160X10 per week Tab 
oi 078 4319 (anyttDMk 

MMKMBE MLL, NWS. Funy ftJtnhhed 
Hat evauaMe - ■**-n six mooOn 
foam Monday. Novum Hr a*, cioo per 
wak. tactodtng colour tv aw rates. 
Cm any ana: 01-722 8306. 




X BEAUMONT - On 17 November. Mary 

V Caroline Helen, widow of Hubert 
Beaumont MA. M.C. and much 
loved mother of Prudence. Penelope 
and Caroline. Funeral al St Thomas? 
Church. Earlham Road. Norwich, on 
Monday 24 November at 2 ton. En- 
quiries to Peter Taylor. On thank Rd. 
Norwic h. Tel 0605 621 8XA 
BOMER - On November 14th. peace- 
fully. Lois, darling wife of Melton 
and greatly loved mother of Oobn 
and Room. Cremation at Bartum. 
Canterbury at 12 50 pm on Friday 
2tst N ov e mb er. Ffemfly Bowers 
only. buL tf desired, donations to the 
BDUsh Heart FoandMMn. 102 
Gloucester Race. Lanaon-Wt or the 
British Diaberic AssaoaBan.. lO 
Queen Anne SL London Wl. 

BOND - On November 13th. very 
peacefully. Gladys Murid of 16 Bra 
Park Gardens. SwlO. Greaify loved. 
Cremation has taken Mace. . . . 
BOULTBEE -On 17th November at the 
Royal Masonic HosMML Barbara. 
Widow of Captain Gerald Edward 
Bouftbee. Royal Navy, and much 
loved mother of Aikhooy. Mangold 
and Rosemary. Funeral service to be 
hdd at SL John's Crematorium. 
Woking. Surrey on Tuesday 25Ui 
November at 3.00pm. Flowers please 
■V 10 Jii. Kenyon Lid. 49 Marloes 
? Road. London W8 6LA. 

BOWSM . On 1601 November, at 
Ham Green Hospital. Bristol. 
Richard Arthur. Dearly loved hus- 
band of Mabel and tamer of HfebanL 
MUMS ■ On !6Ch November peaceful- 
ly M argar et Duogtes Burns, no 
ilowers or Mien please. Thanksgiv- 
ing service at SUchesta- Parish 
church Thursday November 27in at 
12.30 pjn.. 

CWLMAJf- Qn November 130) 1986. 
peacefully. Howard Lera fo rtl Hy of 
Hethe. Qxon and ianerty al Dormer 
Cottage, 44 Sunwortb Lane. Radley. 
Abingdon. By hte own request lUner- 
al private. No flowers, but if desired 
donations to 'DT J Uoyd. Patn Redd 
Unit' Abingdon HospHaL Marchnm 
Hoad. Abtngdon. Oxon. 

BflWI - (hi November 16th 1986. 
suddenly and peacefully. Mary 
Frances Cleugh BA PJiJS. of 
WtOUnglon near Oswestry. Shrop- 
shire. Funeral Service on Tuesday 
261b November 2.00 pm al WhJnma- 
tan ist ir op sn ire) Parish Church. 
Dixunons. if deateed. to WMuutgun 
Parish Church. 

% OOlfCO* . oa 18th November 1986. 
peacefully. Edna Cams aped 85 
yean. Widow of wing Commander 
N.M. Corns aratmoch loved mother 
Of Basa Awkey and MHrrL AH enqui- 
ries and Oowws to J Ji. Kenyon LUL 
Td 01 937 0767. 

DOWmra - On November 17th. cud- 
deniy. Derek John, beloved burhand 
of Marguerite and much loved father 
of Christopher. Pamela and AOson. 
Funeral al .Beckenham Crematori- 
um. on Monday November 2«o at 
i.20 am. 

FMQUHM - On Novenber 17th 
1986. peacefully. Dorothy (Doff), of 
Southlands Court Hotel. SeshOL A 
very dear aunt lo ber nepbew and 
nieces and dearly loved friend of 
DAL. cmaaaon « E a stbourne on 
Monday November 24!h at 4.30 pro. 
Flowers to Mummery F.O.. 31 Dev- 
onshire Road. BexhfU on Sera 

Mne nr tom*. £4.76 per aq yd + vw. 
Ptua the largest selectkm of ptabioir. 

. . 286 New Kings Rand 
htaj on e Oretn SW6 


FMe CBbwto Baet FIStog 

. Alexander, hi Eraser. New Hnqt- 
rtdra. U&A- Drerly tieMwad 
PiiUwn d of Canton, and foBwr is 
Cato S rtniawd and Sarah Teegira- 

- c/oBTMktandHous*. Marines Hoad. 

' London W8. 

OXAMMl - On 17th November 1986.' 
|«B M y 'at home In Barhadora 

- Wot bidka. CMcnsi Robert de la 

’ Oooct. toe Ozahne O.BE. Ind ia n 

Poitoe {retired)- Beloved husband of 
Manet darUng Poppa of Maikxfe. 
deasto loved to Hugh Ms sou in tew. 
Ms gad chPdren and great gad 
Children. - 

PARKINSON - On Nmrembar 18th. at 
homra SybO Mary, aged 79. Devoted 
wife of the late Edward Park in son 
and dearly loved mother of CbrMUw 
*Mi Richard and Joe with Rose- 
mary. Rejected for her strong 
coavlcflanra fondly rananbanl for 
her ge uau step — -i unsOnting can 
for bar- tmaar tnefodtog ipao dao u s 
Sean R. Sean. TPnne. Ivan. Aten. 
Arthur am Stephen. AD owe her 
much and wffl rate* her. greatly. 
‘What Is IMs HtEfid of care we 
tune no One to stand and stare* 
WJUDavtes. FUnerai at St John's 
Church NewtxAL Chesterfield on 
Friday Nov*n*er 2tst at 2 pro.. Do- 
nailOTi b» ImgerW Cancer Rasearch 

W MlWto UPON AVON, to mao. 
m**y cpttoVB- t i w tapoo k. 4 own. 
nareiwoM-. ksenen. Acre MnA Coreer- 
vaiton arera CllSjOto 006*3 awsu. 

saaaL Aura 00.1-000 Monty i om. 
- er.8nwked raw. Mown tooe inL AS8. 
■««» » aaa omu air mm vwe. 
£26360 TUeOB*3 962300 WUrAoto- 

P rawn WMBumpp 1 vasrxr emu 

?W 1 ret (MV Wk Low tame 

9-0*0* a yiSS 

qu oraaeoA Free 
S5W Mtebara. ram. NW8. 

CSS pw cad. TU Ol 731 3722. 

FUUUM Stqwr mtoonor nr fob&M/F. 
Q/R. JM5 PW end. JUOrt 930 7373 af- 
ter 12.00 or 381 *978 after Spa. 

KOUMNi raH Own roora+ bUb in ntaer 
BMden Bat Non/Snofczr. £43 met TM: 
Ol 370 4700 alter 6pm. 

NUT I BM MU> M/p. 2*+. own nun In 
moreen OkL cj h. TV. ware. Mash. Nr 
Tube £22foKn tort. Evas Ol 727 466* 

UW2 Obi. own room in twenty RaL TV. 
CH. Vktara Oonnanai qsntere. £46 pw 
Ttfc 01-481-6841 

mMSMatare. re ra mrati i e . pnt/tna 28+. 
o/R. tar twine fowl dog). Avail am. 
£170 PCM Bad. Ol -409 3366 . 

MM. Prof M. a/m. q/r In t*i l*" 1 * 3 bed 
Uhl CH. Gas. £*2jw.eatLT« 01-996 
6096 alter 6pm 

MM IMUmuaL Prat Ffemtfe 26 ♦. 
d/s to dwre pre t l y Me wta> o/r. Ctone 
lube. £40 pw «*CL TU 01-731 3430 

w—t, rura l .mmaabk- m/p. rt/k. «■ 

mured for o/r In nab 8 MM MR + DHL 
£48 pw. tart WUu p. TU 01-947 1006 

Z vo iwra mow* remare alee acmm,' 
Arm Bartane- CH. O/W. SC Drat- Tat 
Ol 366 0823 (eves) . . 

MHtown room puny PMtaw OM. 

£280 pern tort Tfct 01-637-9460 alter 


■amr U Piwf o/r New am. gd tecanen. 
2V tf/Sf * 1 *- a * ao ° to"** oi 

961 3109. 

t IPnJCQ. Prof- M/F. o/r. pfm caoo aero 
p*re ban. nt tube. t«; oi-aat ogoi ra- 
ter 6 pjn. 

ALL vwtore to London, a brae 
MmHUQ/ nareahwi data and bouses m 
CentreJ London. Betaravb. KteMnaura 

HNUnd Part ebTltaaS: ssfraSS: 

F W MPT (Management Barvtam) Ltd re- 
mnre properties in Cenom South end 
Wsu London Areas for waWng «ppu- 
cants M Ol 221 8838. 

n w /h osua ; UP to £800pw. Usual Ices 
rera PMDtos Kay * Lewis. South or toe 
Part. Cmrena offloe. Oi4H« 8111 or 
NortborgtePMr*. UepmrsPatk office. 

acAoromr bmhw idem aid door 
PWchclor dsA dourer bedroom. Iwuy- 
room. stmno/iHiiina room. KBehera 
Avon mw iom tet. £880 p.w. mcnn lv e 
at CH A CHW. MaekeM ot 381 2216 

EWWMteUMIP fT wan. v*y atttacuvv 
toatsotacUe on three res. Vety etas* Pirn- 
no» tnbe- 3 team. 2 bautms a 
enudtetJarpe rsccpaoo. a kitchen with 
■npapncia. No dtflaren. co tet only 
£220 pw. 344 7363 CD 

CMMHCK wrafojjm A mnetous i bed 
Ow S mm from TunUum Green tube. 
Doubto impOni. btuh wnfi mower. 
Large CL kUCheraAreh now for tang MS. 

£116 pw 244 7363 CT) 

** **** S/C mm Bbl 1 betfrat eUng 
tin. ML bath, patio. CH. £460pon an 
bnam™ couple. Tab Ol 876 

Wl A au i U Wf T for benny ut o v et tte s 
to 61 Jotms wood. Repents M*m. Maida 
VWra Swiss con A Hampstead 01-686 

Bf a BM 4- 1S% VAT 
(minimum 3 lines) 
Announcements, unhemkated by 
the name and p em taa e m address 
of Uk sender, rrary be sent vc 
PO BOX 484; 
Vlrstaia Street . 
London El 9XS , 

or tokpboned (by tekphone sd>- 
scriben only) to tMST- 382*- 

Science report 

Hope for treatment of 
premature senility 

Ey Pearce Wright, Sdence Editor 

r. tic on rag rag results nave 
emerged tat trial* br a possible 
treatment of Alzheimer's dis- 
ease. the disorder which cause* 
pnmbto mRty. It braolrcs 
taking a BedkiRe that stizna- 
btes pradnedM of oae of the 
major chrmfcah. or netano- 
tnosmitienL of dm hnda. 

Enconraging results have contaimw T&A {Tctrahfdrao- 
emerged bt trials hr a possible . mmaacridm). The trial group 
treatment of Alzheimer’s dis- consisted of 17 people with 
ease, the dfcoider which canscs moderate to severe conditions, 
premature sexffity. It Involves They were treated by doctats 
taking a medfatRe iiu> s te- working with Dr .Wilfeia Sam- 
btes prednetion of oae «f the mers. of the Department of 
major ghwA-to , or nemo- Psychiatry of the U n ivers i ty of 
transmitters, of dir hndtL CaHonda at Las Andes, nd 
Tte rate, npored t, me jte Hy ttegta- Mem.™i 

enrreat New Ex?M%d Jomraalof He^laL - . - 

Medkimc, toetade WitDretioo of The cane of « cbo^wb 

AVAKAILC NOW Luxury Rate a homes 
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r YOU are needing tor HOMO) a ftrnfehed 
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MAYFAIR lux s/c fora Qsl 2 bednas. 
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soon in Norm London. Centsci Mr Lan 
on. Ol 2*1 60ll 

ST. IHUNX £120 per ww Nanny re- 
ntarM for 2 children. Travel luvolv-rO- 
rry Suit consunants. Atoerttwl. TeL 
DTK 616909. 

PHiVATC OhTtng Co needs eaperiencrtl 
rock la war* m rnnwy busy kamea to 
Crnvnl London. Tel Ol 406 2234 

ere EtMNtt in Skt Seasons aman hotel 
own, France mr Cmnu Ol 73V 

8KEECE. Mother's help Family require 
refined Bnbsh lady -30 + ■ to heto loote 
after 2 yr Old BUI TcL-01-4O»2&62 



Retired Ma n a g u a Director aged 50 
yre. 26 yrs East and Wed Africa, uo 
for SgronpcomnantepKtoaM fUrican 
resesuow etaenoive louring through- 
out wm Central and East Africa. 
Pension for IXe but after I year UK 
would hoc to return to Black Africa. 
Speciality Ueahng with Mtablricra 
Henan. EtocaUon. Cmernmrm Con. 
trad*. Service* ateo aM monies. 
Lo n b ta g for proposHfon/cowiract as 
Omni Adratofstrator. African Stair. 
Property, long teem taterest etc. ReUef 
Manager but preferably tang term 
tout*, no attachmen ts , available Im- 
■tedUtety. salary no! a priority, accent 
total rurrewy. pro rata baste. Attend 
Interview any European country. Re- 
ply to BOX A99 

MW.iaUMMML Middle apMGenltemait. 
Seeks Employment m the UK or Cull 
Slates. 17 Venn nepenener In Airlines 
Sam Managerm-m and Pcreonnet Man- 
agernem. AvateUMe brnnedutety . Any- 
Ihing Lewt COnwuerea PSew Contact 
Mr K. Dadoush 0932 221038 

CAPABLE ORGAMSEK with a sens* of 
style. Professional lady 38 yrs. thrives 
on a good ctuHenor and seeks a new 
one. Experienced in aspect* of food: new 
product develoisnenL styling, customer 
Uaton and lop level catering Reply u 
BOX J19. 

AM TICKET* Specialists N York C249. 
LA/San Fran £329. Sydnav/Meibourao 
£769. All dfrort daily fhgius Darttor 190 
Jetrmyn StrsrtOi BS9 Ti44 

CHEAP FBgMs Woridwkto. ttoymrakes 
01-900 1906. 

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0734 JnpMer TroveL 

wide. Tel U.TC. 10763) 867036. 

FU8HTBOOKERS Dtacount Faroe world- 
wide. Is/ economy. 01-387 9100 

TRAVEL CDmtEspectaUttap In Ftm and 
Club cmn travel wurtwtde. Budget 
Fares Ausste. nz. s. Aincra usa mm 
P ortugal with accom. Tel Ol 666 not. 
ABTA 73196. 

£*aO rtn£76*. Auckland e/w £*20 rin 
£776. Jo Tung O/w £2*6 rtn £485. Los 
Anodes o/w £178 rin £3*a London 
Fright Centre 01-970 6332- 

TAKE TUNA OFF U Parts. Amsterdam. 
Brands. Bruges. Geneva. Barac. Lau- 
sanne. zunm. The Hague. Dublin. 
Rouen. Boulogne A Dieppe. Time Off. 
Bra Chester Close. L on do n . Swix 7BQ. 
01-296 8070- 

WMLO wide Che ant es Never knowinoty 
under saira we beat any care, on any 
cteera any where m toe world. tMxoums 
on hoteta. Crtdtl cards welcome JEanng 
Travrt ABTA. Try us. Tel Ol 679 

V ALEXAN jHl. Otristmaa avaaabOty. 
Gatwtrt /LaB psan m 18 Dec £227 Ma- 
tey g Deramher^CiTU. oi 723 696*. 
Ablai AW Acccsa/Vtsa. 

ALGARVE 3 bednn private vma wIBt pool 
nr Penma. Avau from Nov 23. A ha pri- 
vate villas outer arras. Summer 87 Tel 
0823 77611 (2* Dm OSL ATOL 231 


The finest hours for rental. 73 St 
Janus SL SWl. Ol 491 0602. 

OI 441 1111. 

Travel whs. amp. am. 

734 6307. ABTA/AM. 

SL AFRICA Firm £466. 01-684 7371 

SPAIN. Portugal. Cheapest fare*. BSgptes. 
Ol 736 am. ABTA ATOL. 

TMGBMA. 8U3B. V C136 Special ~LATE 
BIRDS - Wuuer Offer Ilf book ed within 
7 days of departure) Price folly tael, 
rin. Galwtcn MU I every Wed. 1 lain), 
transfer*. A/T*x. 7 nighte BAS la twin 
room with Mdh/stiowfr and "t. l* 
! BSJ f ci tv. cunoie + juswu. no 
HBWEN EXTRAS Offer vaOd HH 2*5 
Maren ■87. ISLAND SUN 01-222 7462 

WNflE* SON spectate prices Ut Cyprus. 
Maura Morocco. Greece. Malaga 6 Te- 
nerife. Nov « Dec. Pan WcvM Holidays 
Oi 734 2862. 

LOW FARES TO America. Australia A 
htew Zealand. TeL 01-9302666- Harntis 
Travel 36 WlrttrhnlL London. SWl. 
ABTA 3483X. 

Mafefiw, toetato Ytttuiftn of Tte anx 
meia«y wd diffifeatioo rf * mknoim. Ho< !ySi. l r ^S? 
feeling of daorienbtioii among daco vtaicSv pR rtitg «^y mm 
manats who are Rt an ***¥ 

stare. shown that (here s rsbmimm 

. with the Shiess tile lock of a key 

Tte specialists brifitw tiie m»N8«pitfl Wirf the hcain 

trastmcHt wiHdd be effective for 

at feast Ure firs! six or seven 
years of the disorder. Hvwevesv 
thw !t Umifeif PTgfenrtanding Of 
the coofKtxom and for the 
present the doctms ajecraipBr- 

Dr Smuners** train found 
that tte action tf THA, .which 
sfiDfftues the brate eras ta 
jt rod ace their own 

rSiSSS,^Sv 1,,, "" 


Dap*. 2DBt/2i*t DeeenHKr 


That also involves the 
sti m ufathnruf a brain chrmirali 
hu hy the dngirDspa. Tte 
oretment hc^bis » lose effect at 
» gdvBued state af P*rkiesM» , s 

The patfeats with Alzheimer's 

fiwaeww gjresxprepareooR 

he less effective a* the oondltioo 
progresses- • 

Foe new i t srar a has shown 
fw eihu brain ehfiafcab are 
abo is short rapply ia advanced 
states ofthe Qtaeas* 

-Xx**? 1 

doe, Y«T31S. No 20, 1986. 

Chafe* HUH -Bauafe. ' 

‘ ro - 


SAVE £89 

OdW Hotel Crent "rniiM > 

■ FB 


Save £89 

ChUriMKOM • 



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MOOBSfe ' 

Chalet La Change 



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Cham Metro . - ■ — • ■ • 

- FB 



Alstons Apia. 



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CMOaf Ranch , . 



CAVE 1308 


■ OffottM MotaL Mir Catering & ClfM4l Ttortte* tn 47 of EnrMtet top nefori* 
bfortCB Dm.' 01-786 2000 ABTA 16726 

0422,78121 . ..... ATOL 1232 

KD8WARC ROAD 2 mtas tnbe S dH bed 
font UaL *uit laraMy or to enne. OI 437 

- 2443 fwortO/ 09278 3443 afur 6 HP. 

ruUMM, ML Chro min g unfom hw. 2 
b4d». reap, ml bran. UlCDay. £176 
pw. Sfolhmn Tnamai 731 1333. 

HAMPSTEAD HEATH Lux 3 Bed. 2 Bath 
fora Pratnr amU. views over Hearn. 
JC295PW. 451 2666 CCS EflMrt 

BfoMOATE WOODS Cray S/C lux CH nra. 
Tube 10 mua. 8uU prof couple. £90 pw. 

- 883 Q2SB 

■CAL PM visitor*. South Kensington. 
Fatty aervicM flat* for 2 LlfL Phone. 
CPI TV etc. 01-684 3414/0372 64281 

KUttSMITOH spartan* studio nra nail. 
K/8. jeiao PW me. CH. Ponerogr- Tel 

KENTISH TOMM Newly dec 1 dble had. 

suing raom/duer. Mt nod baft- £100 
pw. Tetm 226 oca 

bedroom DM for OMSle. CH. Paw. 
080 «w tac. Tel: 01-884 7263. 

don from CSPS pw Hus VAT. Otag 
Town House Appnmeas 573 3453 

SJUNWWVm QuM S Rirfira for 1/ 2. 
MTO^wr. T.V. Odn f Mb ApUqnera 
C156PW. 884 8267/ 998 7220 1:7pm. 

MkVKUi APARTMENTS In Keustooton. 
cm T.V. 24 hr sw. Telex. ftfWW 
Ap-rtmmte. 01-373 6X»: 

aarec DuhM Gteera 2 Ben IK n nra to 
Mniwraen ooiai newthw. z/3 bad* 9 

WL Reeegt Roof «rr. Huge Ul wl 
• £210 pw. Dec to JUy. TK 727 2692. 

WM Aninw Gdnra 2nd O 3tamo tWL Seo 
KiKh/luuh. Comm Qdiira £86. Long M. 
fttt Botond 221 2616. 

U**" ** 1 **-* Cte itow, • tarae felec 
torn of Rate & he roes mmo for fom / 
short M On £18000 raw. ol *gg 1665 

X RED newly coov. IT Ftol. Near Barons 
Court Tube. Avon and Nov. Company 
MR QHy- £16Qpw. 01-493 4998. 

AIKLII CK EBMn for rent tug or ieritog to 
Central London Teh 01 409 039* 

A teEET ENDFTH aM Henare usi to Fbr 
Saw/LM. Dams woo u*. ox *03 7331 . 

FUUMM, 3 bed lowd hoase off Kings Ad. 
£200 pw. B u d» a n * ro : 3£l 7767. 

America. Far Era Africa. Anting Anra 
Art TrayvMe. aa Margant Stmt. Wl. 
01 680 2928 (VW Accepted) 

inmNUU Sara sate to USA-Cartobean- 
rar East-Aincraiira CaS the 
praiesstanaii ABTA IATA cc accepted. 
T« Ot 2S4 8788 

m TORKt t—A- USA. Wnridwtde deah- 
pattanra For PM dnued tares- try us 
let. Richmond Travel. 1 DUbr Street. 
Rktraand StaTIV. ABTA 01-940 4073. 

Rio £488. Lama £496 rtn. Also Beau 
Group Holiday jouneysjag Peru from 
JC3SGQ JLA 01-7474108 

AMERICA nghts with Manchester denar- 
lures A aha South Africa & New 
Zraiand. Tel Trovri Centre. BM rtbu ra 
(0284) 83267 ABTA 73196 

IMBAIII Ate Fares. Ce rib bean. 
AusxraHasta. USA. Africa. Far Ebra to- 
UR. GiOtNKTBL 01-737 0659/2162. 

XMAS, winter. Sarnnwr. AJgoruv, Tenet- 
Hr. Greece. Turkey. Spain. Egypt. Sri 
Lanha and many more noa/npHi 
Ventura: 0742 331 100. ATOL 2034. 

lUBUR. Inrtnslve air sera* 
Not/Dec/JanlNoi Xmau. day lUntags. 
£109. ABTA/ATOL Viva Travel. OI 

247 1982. 

ALICANTE, Fan. Malaga etc. Okaond 
Travel ATOL 1783. 01-661 4641. 
Honhan 68841 

BEST Fares. Best FltgMs. Beet holidays 
anywhere. Sky Travel, oi 83* 7426. 

CARIBBEAN Concorde. jan/Feb 87 to 
Barbados. Antigua etc. special Brices- 
0244 41 131. 

EUROPE /WORLD WBME lowest fores on 
ctvvur/gcneduied at*. Pilot FUgM 01 
631 0167. AM Aim 1893. 

TONMIA. For your holiday where BsU 
summer CM for otte brochure now. Tu- 
ntuan Travel Bunau. 01S7Z 4411. 

LOWEST AH- Fares. Scheduled Europe 6 
World wide Med Star Travel oi oaa 

FBnT/CLUBClan Ctnconte. Discounted 
ttrw- Dumas Travel. 01-488 9011 

HOLLAND. Dsfly fUghto £35 O/w. £58 
mt. Frantoun from £69. Miracle Jet 
Ol 379 3322 

MONO MOHR £488. BANWCOK £369. 
Stagapore £«57. Other FEcumblOi-SM 
6614 ABTA. 

LOWEST Ate Fares, Emate and world 
wide. Ol 836 8602: BurtUNuun 

ALL IB emes Lowest fores on tumor 
scheduled carriers, 01384 737 1 .ABTA 

ti, : ; 





1 wwefc 20 Dec. caierad dtaMi 
inclusive of ngni 


01-370 0999/0256 


121. (field Road. London SWIO 


Staffed and Mtf catering chatets to 
ARA88A. Lteidtod Chnsmid sod New 
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Btap us for a good deal! 

(00231 360777 CZ« hr*) 

Access/Vtaa/Amesr Welcome. 


from £169 pa 

Phone (0730) 66561 or 
01-499 1911 or see yonr 
travel agent 


Selected catered chalets 
ONLY £199 in Merited. Vnbicr 

ONLY £2« id OovithcitL SL Anion 

Lmuod oflen - ring oo«j 
01-584 5060 

JUST FRANCE - super value tnr rotertag 
sal holMlays in for best French reioo*. 
■mg. for new btoch w e now. Tel 01-789 
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SMt WEST - NEWT Special offers an 
groups. RING FOR A DCAL1 AKo Other 
amtofogly low prices stoning al £69. 
art tar a copy of nur bumper brochure, 
ion 786 9999. MU 69286 AMi 1383, 

HOMES Catered eha lec sfeypa 7/10. 
freprh rook, super fooiL aoar sioore. Ol 
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FREC. RUE. FREE. Free ufl Passes. 
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I under 16 ) on many dale*. HoieteAraro 
{ramatwirt £ MaoclMter from £ 1 19. 
Ski Freedoa. 01 741 4686 4 061 236 
0019. A TOt-432 

ASM to Vcrtnor. VUIare. Merlbel L 
Mi'hvw. Tet Ol 602 9766. 

UCLU9AZ. French SM cnairt. RsmieM 
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Prices from £G9. ABTA. Brochure: 01 

££§:? ^gg t'SSSgt *6 SSirm.BB'm ga3S»> 




Rush to 
bring in 
the new 

From Diana Geddes 

This year's Beaujolais Nou- 
veau has arrived. It was 
officially released for drinking 
at midnight in some 60 coun- 
tries including Britain. 

Only in Luxembourg will 
they nave to wait another 24 
hours to taste this reputed 
“nectar of the gods'’ — as a 
punishment for having broken 
last year’s embargo. 

More than 800,000 bottles 
have been flown out in spe- 
cially-adapted Boeing 747s. 
Some 40 million bottles are 
expected to be sold abroad 
before the end of the year. 

The Beaujolais Nouveau 
“gimmick’’, as some see it, has 
proved the most tremendous 
success story. A total of 40,000 
hectolitres sold in I960; 

200.000 hectolitres in 1970; 

320.000 hectolitres in 1980; 
and more than 500,000 hecto- 
litres last year, representing 57 
per cent of the entire output of 
Beaujolais wines. 

The primeur from this 
year's pressing is described by 
the producers as “a tight, 
lively and fruity wine, with a 
pretty violet-red colour, which 
slips easily down the throat 
and is foil of fun”. 

Others say that it is “per- 
fectly undrinkable", tasting 
more tike a blackcurrant cor- 
dial than a wine. 

• LONDON: Beaujolais 
Nouveau arrives in Britain 
today, by racing car, jugger- 
naut, freighter ferry and - one 
wine company claims — by 
pipeline across the English 
Channel (Robin Young 

The release date for the 
most fam ous of the new 
vintage's i nfan t wines inspires 
an annual rash of frenetic 
gim mickry among the British 
wine trade. 

This year’s efforts include a 
delivery rushed across Lon- 
don to a Chinese wine bar in 
Kensington by rickshaw, and 
a Beaujolais run aboard the 
world's oldest pair of water 
skis to bring the wine to a 
country dub ' in Berkshire. 
Two rallies left the Beaujolais 
region at midnight to race the 
wine bade to Britain by road. 

Wine lovers’ expectations 
are high because although the 
vintage is not thought to be 
outstanding the crop has been 
a big one and prices in the 
supermarkets win be as low as 
£2.49 a bottle. 

Today is the release date for 
new vintage wines from an- 
other 40 French wine produc- 
ing areas as well as Beaujolais. 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Queen visits the lab- 
oratories of the Imperial Cancer 
Research Fond at Lincoln’s Inn, 

Princess Anne opens the 
Gloucestershire Ambulance 
Control Headquarters, Horton 
Road, Gloucester, 1230; and as 
Chancellor of London Univer- 
sity, attends a dinner in celebra- 
tion of the University’s 150lb 
anniversary at the Mansion 
House, 7.15. 


r 'ft - 
l*. »■ -VA 
• -< • 

Frank Jofmsoii in the Commons 

One John Smith, 
and other winners 

A burning chemical tanker which dosed the A19 near Middlesbrough yesterday and prompted police to advise these living nearby to stay indoors. 

Stay-home | D r p n t wine riohf I Rain and I Kremlin’s 

after crash 

Thousands living near 
Middlesbroagfi were fold by 
police to stay indoors yes- 
terday after a chemical tanker, 
carrying 5,000 gallons of tol- 
uene, crashed and burst into 
flames sending a doud of gas 
blowing over the area. 

Bat the all-clear was given 
soon after an IC1 spokesman 
said that the fames given off 
by the chemical were safe as 
long as they were burning. 

The smoke was no more 
than carbon dioxide and sooL 
“It should be treated as dirt 
and washed off," the spokes- ; 

man said. I 

The crash occurred on the j 
A19 dual carriageway, near 
Middlesbrough. Four cars 
were involved and an eight- 
mile stretch of die road was 
closed as the tanker was left to 
burn out. 

The tanker driver, Mr Den- 
nis McMmmeis, bom the 
Cleveland area, was taken to 
hospital with slight injuries. 
The car drivers were be&eved 
to have suffered only minor 

On October 26 a worker 
died and 13 other people, 
including eight police officers, 
were take® to hospital after 
fanes were given off from a 
fire m an ICI fertilizer plant at 

Wilting hum 

The Duchess of Gloucester 
attends the Grand Prior’s Tro- 
phy competitions of the St 
John’s Ambulance and presents 
the awards to the winning teams 
at Fairfield Hafi. Croydon, 230. 

Prince Michael of Kent 
presents the prizes at foe Lom- 
bard RAC Rally, Bath, 11. 

New exhibition 
The Kessler Collection: paint- 
ings by modem masters; 
Leicestershire Museum and Art 
Gallery, New Walk, Leicester, 
Mon to Sat 10 to 5.30 (dosed 
Fri), Sun 2 to 530 (ends Feb 1). 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,208 

: s.s.s 


I Queen passes round one 
very old port (10). 

6 Buzzer wasn't loud (4k 

10 A bitter exchange going over 
priest's head (7). 

11 Garment making one un- 
comfortably warm (7). 

12 Singular form of madness 

13 Wood from poplar chosen — 
or rqpdar chestnut (5). 

14 Robust porter (5). 

15 Polish of Parisian dance (9). 

17 This entertainment is much 

• changed, everyone con- 

dudes (5-4). 

20 One direction given in a 
vessel (5). 

21 14cfa in 17(5). 

23 Postpone as result of 
batsman's dismissal (5,4). 

25 Game John recollected in 
short publication (7). 

26 Got to know so-called 
friends in court (7). 

27 Quarterdeck action (4). 

28 Whisky producer tried silty 
blend (10). 


1 Multiple record-holder (5). 

2 Invalid, or one sure to suffer 
disorder (9). 

3 Sort of firearm religious 
group gives George (9,5). 

4 Having halted in formation 

5 Place in compartment (7). 

7 Flower that makes poet in- 
ferior (5). 

8 Church pieces inserted in 
some sort of paper (9). 

9 Title Waugh took from his- 
tory master’s work (73,4). 

14 Daily extract? Not always 

16 Home loan, beforehand 

18 Endlessly attack holding, for 
example, spear (7). 

19 Published sheet showing lit- 
tle growth (7). 

22 I'd act badly, turning up as 
revolting leader (5). 

24 Damned heafthy-lookhig 

Solution to Pnzzle No 17307 

Is a n m ra is e 

asEra ssErassnsnaB! 
tfCEEElfniEE^tS iiaCTfflGPSEl 
ra n s a ra 
w- is «s is - n r, ra 

REES I? IF! U ; : it 

ynEti aaEr.EiiErcnr? 
is k s m . E3 is ej. 
^Esrsn HEEisiEnHissis 

Brent wins right 
to punish head 

Continued from page 1 
last month by Mr Justice Roch 
that the findings of the school 
governors were binding on the 
council. The governors had 
given their foil backing to 
Miss McGokliick, who has 
consistently denied making 
the remarks. 

Mrs Merle Amory, leader of 
Brent Council, said: “Our 
concern is, and always has 
been, to retain our right as 
employers to establish the 
facts relating to all such cases 
now and in the future.” 

“In thi«t particular thfc 
is not only in the best interest 
of Miss McGoIdrick but also 
those other staff involved in 
the allegation and, indeed, to 
resolve serious issues relating 
to the role and attitudes of 
some of the governors in this 

Mr Ron Anderson, chair- 
man of the education commit- 
tee, raid that there was more 
than the question of a racist 
allegation to be considered at 
next week's sub committee 

“There is more than just 
Miss McGoIdrick involved in 
this. She has been made the 
local point Imre but there are 
other issues which we as 
employers should be able to 
consider.” He declined to go 

into detail about these other 

At a press conference held at 
the headquarters of the Na- 
tional Union of Teachers a 
strained and tired Miss 
McGoIdrick said that she 
could see the case oould “go 
on for ever”. 

The NUT’S principal solic- 
itor, Mr Hugh Pierce, after he 
was told of Mrs Amory’s 
comments, said that they ap- 
peared diametrically opposed 
to what had been said in court 
by the council. 

The High Court had been 
told by Brent that the sub 
committee would only be 
meeting to decide the next 
move following the judge- 
ment, said Mr Pierce, but Mrs 
Amory appeared to be raying 
at her press conference that 
the full disciplinary hearing 
would begin next week. 

If that was correct, then the 
union would consider going to 
the High Court to seek an 
order tanning the council 
from going ahead on the 
grounds that its behaviour 
was, in law, “unreasonable" 
and unlawful. 

Miss McGoIdrick is re- 
garded as one of foose teachers 
wilting wholeheartedly to en- 
dorse Brent’s orthodoxy on 
dealing with race and educa- 
tion. Law report, page 38 

Rain and 
wind bring 
_ chaos 

Continued from page 1 

sex, flooding farmland and 
heavy seas at Hastings smash- 
ed shelters on the promenade. 
Police dosed the A2 leading 
up from tbs docks at Dover 
and other seafront roads were 
dosed at Sonthsea, Gosport 
and Southampton. 

At Hum Airport near 
Bournemouth high winds 
flipped a four-seater light air- 
craft onto its back, causing 

£6,000 damag e and in the 

West Country an inch and a 
half of rain and gales brought 
down trees and power cables 
and caused flooding in 
Tiverton, St Austell, Bodmin, 
Camborne and Hayfe. 

The weather was also 
blamed for an accident near 
junction 10 on the south- 
bound carriageway of tire MI 
that produced an eight-mile 

High winds also resulted in 
a 40 mph speed limit being 
imposed on the M2 across the 
Medway Bridge in Kent. 

Britira Rati blamed the 
weather for the disruption of 
some south-east commuter 
services yesterday morning. 

Mopping-up operations 
were under way last night The 
good news from the weather- 
man for today was decreasing 
winds and some sunshine. 


Exhibitions in progress 

Watercolours by Alan Hitch- 
cock and Graham Turner; Der- 
went College. York University-, 
Mon to Sat 10 to 5 (ends Dec 6). 

Work by foe Devon Guild of 
Craftsmen; Riverside Mill, 
Borey Tracey, Mon to Sun 10 to 
5.30 (ends Jan 4). 

A Reputation amongst Art- 
ists; Norwich School of Ait 
Gallery, St George Street; Mon 
to Sat 10 to 5 (ends Dec 10). 

Photographs by Eamonn 
McCabe; The (Sty School, 
Skellingtborpe Road, Iincoln; 
Mon to Fri 10 to 12, Sat 10 to 4 
(ends Dec 19). 


Lunchtime recital by Nigel 
Clifle and Paul Turner Great 
Hall. Exeter University, 1.10. 

Concert by Gabrieli Consort 
and Players; Lancaster Univer- 
sity, 73a 

Recital by Annabel Hunt 
(mezzo-soprano) and Iain 
Lcdingham (piano); The Royal 
Exchange, Manchester, I. 

Concert by Avon Strings; 
Gotham Parish Church, Bristol, 

Concert by the Northern 
Sinfonia with Natalia Gutman 
(cello); Newcastle City Hafi, 

Talks, lectures 

Sixth Trevelyan lecture: The 
Jonglei Canal — The past and 
present of a future, by Pro f essor 
R O C ollins- Sir James Knott 

Books — paperback 



A trough of low pressure 
will cross all districts 
except the Northern Isles 
from the west 

6 am 1)0 midnig ht 

Best whiskies 

In a blind tasting of 70 Scotch 
whiskies, the following were 
chosen as best in then- 

Cut-price whiskies, under £7: 
None recommended; 

Standard blends. £7 to £830: 
Johnnie Walker Red Label, The- 
Original Macldnlay, Catty Sark; 

Premium blends, over £830: 
Johnnie Walker Black Label 12 
year old, Legacy 12 year old, 
Islay Mist 8 year old, Chivas 
Regal 12yearold; 

Single malts: Rosebank, The 
Macallan (both 10 and 18 year 
old), Springbank 46 per cent 
alcohol. The Glenljvet, 

I -aphroaig , Tali skcr , Lagavulin; 

Supermarket whisky: 
Waitrose Highland Malt 

Source: Taste magazine, 
December/January issue. 

The pound 






The MSfDands: Ml: Road- 
works between junctions 22 
(A50) and 23 (A512) Notting- 
ham, entry and exit dip roads 
dosed at junction 23. M5: Long 
term roadworks a nd contraflows 
between exits 4 ( B r o msgrove) 
and 5 (Droiiwkh). M54: Lane 
closures between junctions 4 
and 7 (the Cluddley 

The North: Ml: Repair work 
between junctions 31 (Worksop) 
and 33 (A630),with various 
rest riction s and closures. M1& 
Roadworks between junctions 6 
and 7 (Humberside), 
contraflows and restrictions m 
force. M£3s Mayor widening 
scheme at Barton Bridge, 
Greater Manchester, various 
traffic restrictions, long delays 

Scotland: A82: Contraflow on 
eastbound c arriage way between 
Erskme Bridge and Douglass 
roundabout at Bowling. a& 
E ast bo un d lane closures be- 
tween Chapelhall interchange 
near Newfaouse. Aberdeen: 
Various roadworks with parking 
restrictions between the A92 
and A97 (City centre).8 

Information supplied by AA 

Parliament today 

C o m mo n s (230): Debate on 
report of the Peacock Commit- 
tee on financing foe BBC 
Lords (3): Debate on nodear 
power in Europe. 



7.27 am 435 pm 

11 .42 am 624pm 

Last quarter Nonrantoer 24 

Concise Crossword page 16 


Births: Otto wa Guericke, 
physicist, Magdeburg, Ger- 
many, 1602; Thomas Chatteton, 
“the boy poet*. Bristol, 1752; Sir 
Wilfred Laoricr, prime minister 
of Canada 1896-191 1, SaiM- 
Lin, Quebec, 1841; Sir Chris- 
topher Hatton. lord chancellor 
1587-91, London, 1591. 

Deaths: Caroline of Ansbach, 
consort of George H, London, 
1737; Jofao Rash w ort h Jdlicoe, 
1st earl Jellicoe, admiral of foe 
Fleet. London. 1935; Francises 
Franco, dictator of Spain 1939- 
75. Madrid. 1975. 

The marriage of Princess 
Elizabeth to Philip. Duke of 
Edinburgh. Westminster Abbey, 
1947. President Sadat of Egypt 
visited Israel for peace talks. 

The RSPB is planning several 
bird watching cruises on 
Devon's Exe Estuary this win- 
ter. It is exp e ct e d that a great 
variety of waders and wildfowl 
wifi be seen including the fam- 
ous avocets, the largest winter- 
ing flock in the south west. 

Further information from : 
RSPB, 10 Richmond Road, 
Exeter, Devon, EX4 4JA (In- 
clude an saeX or ring Exeter 
(0392) 32691. 

Yesterdaywas the last day 
of the weeftfong debate on 
the Queen's Speech. 

Traditionally this is the day 
devoted to speeches from the 
non-boinble backbencher 
who is as much a part of oar 
p arliame ntary system as any- 
one else. That meant that Mr 
Edward Heath spoke. F tor 
some of ns, concentratmg on 
Mr Heath was on this occa- 
sion still, more of a challenge 
than nsuaL We had just come 
from the annual Parlia- 
mentarian of the Year awards 
at the Savoy HoteL Tins is 

- * l Tt- 

. business 

Continued from page 1 

preme Soviet, applies to all 
citizens over the age of 18 
provided that they also have a 
state job. It also embraces 
housewives, students, pens- 
ioners and the disabled, all of 
whom will have to pay a tax 
on their individual earnings to 
the state. 

Strictly prohibited under 
the new law are the private 
manafactnre of “all types of 
weapons, medicines, toxic and 
narcotic substances, mul- 
tiplication and copying 
machines, " as well SS what 
Tass described only as “some 
other artides.” - 

The law also bars individual 
Soviet citizens running 
“baths, gambling places and 

Before pasting the vote in 
favour, deputies were told by 
Mr Gladky that the law was 
needed because state and co- 
operative enterprises bad not 
been meeting consumer dem- 
and for goods and services, 
partly because they lacked 
material means and partly 
because of inflexibility. 

“This is why they have been 
inevitably supplemented by 
individual labour," he added 
in open ackowledgement of 
die flourishing Soviet black 

Spectator ; and the whisky. 
Highland Park. 

- free were handed 

out to ns guests. It scarcely 
needs saying that it was 
strong stuff which hardly left 
many of us in a condition to 
sit through a speech by Mr 
Heath. The whisky was pretty 
potent too. 

We are under no flimtinns 
that the main purpose of tins 
function is to publicize both 
the whisky and the weekly. It 
is a pity that the present state 
of quality journalism should 
make this necessary. Suffice 
to say that Highland Bark is 
an authoritative whisky 
which deserves a wider 
calculation. But it has always 
been influent ial among by 
quality journalists, if a little 
elitist It was good to see so 
many of them supporting it 

Now, every year there are 
killjoys, puritans and fanatics 
who say that the whole idea 
of the Mr Parliam entarian 
Award is sexist. There are 
complaints that the winner 
anti the runners-up axe cho- 
sen merely on account of 
their peraonal ugliness. Fur- 
thermore, the ceremony is 
much mocked as wefl. Some 
brainless noH iforan teeters up 
to the microphone in a suit 
cut tight, so as to emphasize 
his bottom and, in answ er to 
a few inconsequential ques- 
tions from the editor 0x7%* 
Spectator , , says that he works 
as a secretary in London —or 
under-secretary of State, as 

some Of di gnif y them- 

selves — that he enjoys dasti- 
cal music and yoga, and that 
his ambition is to travel. 

Well, some of ns don't 
mind admitting it I enjoy the 
Mr Parliamentarian Show. 
And it happens to provide a 
lot of harmless fun to the 
scores of drunks who every 
year get up early to watch the 
lunch, as tire viewing figures 
show. I say: Mrs Moriey 
deserves a knighthood. 

, And so to the announce- 
ment. There was a rofl of 
drums, or at least of whisky 

bottles. A silence feEL So did 
several touches. And the 
Parliamentarian of the Year 
was announced by the editor 
to be Mr John Smith. Mr 
John Smith is the ‘ most 
common name in Britain, 
apart from newsagents called 
Mr Paid. It is to be hoped 
T h a t The panel of journalists, 
who make foe awards, had 
got the right Mr John Smith, 
especially since the selection 
process might well have been 
subtly influenced by High- 
land Park. 

It seemed difficult to be- 
lieve that there was only one 
Mr John Smith in the House 
of Commons. Bat a Mr John 
Smith stepped forward who 
answered to the description' 
of the MP for the Scottish 
constitu ency of Monkfauds 
East, and chief Opposition 
spokesman on Trade and 
Industry. The editor said he 
had got the award for his 
“lawyer's acumen and Scot- 
tish bluntness" during the 
Westland affair. It was diffi- 
cult to believe that he was the 
only Mr John Smith with 
lawyer’s acumen and Scottish 
bhmtness faring the West- 
land affair. Bat it was good 
that one of them was being 

In his acceptance spee ch , 
Mr Smith said that “ a 
member of the public" had 
recently written tohim saying 
that a Labour Government 
would never succeed in get- 
ting the letter-writer to give 
back any of the privatized 
shares he had bought, and 
had added: “You bald, owt- 
iooking Scotch bastard. Get 
back to Scotland, and get that 
other twit bade to Wales." Mr 
Roy Hatieitiey, the Chan- 
cellor of the Exchequer, must 
accept that he has lost the 
battle on a fixture Labour 
Government’s attitude to. 
shares bought through Tory 
privatisation. He really most 
stop writing to shadow cabi- 
net coQeagnes in this way. 

Mr Norman & Jofan- 
Stevas, who is retiring at the 
next election, received a spe- 
cial award for services to 
Parliament Unable to be 
present, he sent a message 
coraxsting of quotations from 
Bagehot, Disraeli and St- 
John Stevas — names which 
mean too little now that our 
history is no longer taught in 
onr schools. Mr Roy Jenkins; 
to his e xp ressed amazement, 
was Backbencher of the Year. 
He first became a back- 
bencher only in 1948. He 
could also be the Member to 
Watch. - * 

All the award winnerswere 
less ug)y than is commonly 















































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Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 


FT 30 Share 

.1258^ (-12.8) 

FT-SE 100 

1604.3 (-13.2) 


26360 (23762) 

USM (Datastream) 

128.57 (-0.5} 


US Dollar 

1.4215 (-0.0025) 

W German mark 
2.8515 (-0.0136) 


68.0 (h0.2) 

100 PEPs 

More than 100 companies 
have registered with the In- 
land Revenue to run Personal 
Equity Flans, Mr Njgd 
Lawson, the Chancellor of the 
Exchequer, announced yest- 

Draft imitations were hud 
before the House of Commons 
so that the scheme can operate 
from January L . 

However, because of the 
timiied profitability of PEPs 
to the managers, at least in the 
early years, some of the. in- 
stitutions which have reg- 
istered may not decade to run 

Uniter the HEP proposals 
individuals win be able to 
invest up to £2,400 a year in a 
plan, with capital gams and 
reinvested, dividends free of 
tax after one year. 

Seaq system 
down again 

Trading via the Stock 
Exchange s Seaq market mak- 
ing system was again dis- 
rupted yesterday due to a 
hardware problem in one of 
the computers. 

Trading was not badly af- 
fected because the 13 minute 
disruption occurred at lunch- 

Advana ahead 

Avana Group yesterday an- 
nounced results for the six 
months to the end of Septem- 
ber 1986. Pretax profits in 1 
creased front £83 million to 
£ 8.8 milium bn turnover 
under 1 per cent higher at 
£97.8 mutton. An interim 
dividend of 535p. was 
declared. : - . 

Tempos, page 29 

Splitting up 

General Electric and Rolls- 
Royce have ended their rev- 
enue-sharing agreement set up 
in 1984 for the reciprocal . 
development of engines. They 
cite increasing competition 
between engines now in 

No referral 

CE Heath’s preposed ac- 
quisition of Fielding Insur- 
ance Holdings, and the 
proposed acquisition by Ham- 
bros of an approximate 16 per 
cent slake in Heath, wffl not be 
referred to the Monopolies 
and Mergers Commission. 

to DTI 

AE asks T & N 
for details on 
disease claims 

By John Bell, City Editor 

Freshfidds, legal adviser to ment made by companies 
the engineering group, AE, has which expect to face legal 

By Richard Thomson, BanJking Cbrrespondent 
• \ De y £■* 'Suspected today that cm November 14 it Dick Allen, 
insider dealing on me London had been obliged to cancel an compliance of 
stodc maitet-is to be referred order to buy 2 ^ 00 ' shares in - Ac * 

Steel Brothers Holdings which redone. Scrim 
and Industry, foe Stock Ex- was placed by acHem on 
change ^ yesterday. Scrim- behalf of another individual. 3L25E??* 

gcour VkW the same Scrkogeour would not name 
stocUnoking finn urvirived in the Ghent but said be was an 

the Collier case which is now employee of British -A 
under DTI investigation, last Commonwealth, foie invest- 
week received a suspect share- ment company, 
buying older from an em- __ . •. ... „ 

ployee of British & Common- .Tfc <«** jjff* * 
wealth, foe investment com- 12 £ 3 P m imme t ftale jsxo- 
pany, and reported ft to foe t yhQp at a price Of 595p a 
Stock E xchang e. share. Scrimgeour was alerted 

The Exchange has already !® ^ Pwsibifoy of trouble 
been in discussion with the 5 * cn ’ «t A!5pm on foe same 
DTI and expects to refer the 

case, which has no connection ag«^_tekwver ofSteel Bros 
with Mr Geoffrey Coffer’* at 630pa share, 
share dealings, to foe Depart- Another factor adding to 
ment in the next few days. The- Scrimgeour’s suspicions was 
Exchange has not referred foe that the client claimed foe 
case to its Professional' Stan- individual on whose behalf he 
dards Com m ittee as h did was placing the order was also 

ment in foe next few days- The Scrimgeour’s suspicions was 
Exchange has not referred foe that the client claimed foe 
case to its Professional’ Stan- individual on whose behalf he 
dards Com m ittee as if did was placing the order was also 
with Mr Geoffrey Coffer's a Scrimgeour client But when 
dealings, because this case conducting routine checks, the 
involves a stockbroker's client broker could find no record of 
rather than a nock market foe individual on their private 

practitioner. "• 

B&C said an employee who 
had- access to couffrlemia] 
information had been asked to 
resign m connection with' the 
transaction. It is understood 

that he worked in a relatively this was not true. “We believe 
junior capacity. . the non-cheat exists, but we 

today that an November 14 it Dick Allen. . Scrimgeour’s 
had been obliged to cancel an compliance officer 

AS a resuft of their sus- 
w2* Piaons. Scrimgeour cancelled 

hXi if at 530pm on 

Noveinbcr 14, with no loss to 
ff 1 itsdf and no benefit to foe 

the Ghent but said , he was an client, 
eon ployee of British -& Ur 
Commonwealth, foie invest- J** ™ f®**’ duef ““ > 
meat company? ' of Scnn: sud foe 

- whole of the efienfs share 

The order was placed at dealings had now been shown 
12.43pm for imm ediate exe- to the Stock ETchange, but ft 
cation at a price of 595p a was hot obvious from those 
share Saimgeour was alerted records whether the client had 
to foe possibility of trouble carried out snnflariy suspect 
when, at 4.1 5pm on the same deals in the past. 

There is no suggestion that a 
agreed takeover of Steel Bros Scrimgeour employee was im- 
at o30p a share. plicate d in the transaction. 

Another factor adding to The suspect deal was spotted 
Scrimgeour’s suspicions was even though foe cheat’s usual 
that the client rhrimt** foe account officer was not in the 
individual on whose behalf he office at the time, Mr Pettit | 
was tracing the order was also said. 

a Scnm^eoUr client But when He added: “The rircum- 
conductmg routine checks, the stances were such that you 
broker could find no record of could not let foe transaction 
the individual on foeir private rest. But it is almost impos- 
dient lists. They referredback sible in many instances for 
to the client who insisted his brokers to know if insider 
associate had a contract note information is being used or 1 
from Scrimgeour to -show he not in any transaction.” 
was indeed a client but, when It is the second suspected 
pressed, he finally admitted insider share order put 
this was not true. “We believe through Scrimgeour this 
the noa-dieat exists, but we month, following the one by 

client lists. They referred back 
to the client who insisted his 
associate had a contract note 
from Scrimgeour to. show he 
was indeed a client but, when 
pressed, he finally admitted 

Scrimgeour announced yes- cannot be certain,” said Mr Mr Geoffrey Coffer. 

Sam Whitbread: opening a pub a day (Photograph: Bill Warimrst) 

Whitbread’s £79m brew 

pope front organizations 
in Boesky Investigation 

Tram Bailey Morris 

The American ftwirfer trading 
investigation is' spreadiig 
overseas rapidly as officials 
rttempt io track the activities 
of Mr Ivan Boeder to see 
whether he used his British 
units and other possible 

The Stock Exchange Is "in 
dose contacT with Setiguxaa 
Harris, the stockbroker, over 
its inrotremeiit with Mr Ivan 
Boesky, foe danced Ameri- 
can arbitrageur, an F.m-famgp 
spokesman said yesterday. 

The Exchange is having 

“front” organizations to make dfeenssuns with S e fi g man 
filial share . deals, industry Boesky and Cmm~ 

sources said yesterday. 

A General Securities 

Mr Boesky, who has agreed Trust, the quoted investment 
to pay $100 rniUion (£70 ■'toot, ran by Mr Boesky, to 
mfimm) m settlement of civil wiadiSdigmanwasoneof foe 

rianxytfa- tutoW trarfinp ic - ja^jrefcw. ' - 

a _■ v *Tnnu laia— ' won 

said to have used European 
sources increasingly over the 

“They have been ; very 
helpful,” foe spokesman said. 

past, few years to acquire ad^fl^as amtactwMifoe 
positions m companies that 5 a^uatagne, 

were takeover targets.. . ^ nutmi tovertigatwB.’* 

' During the frantic market The Exchange was fcepmg 
activity m 1982 surrounding *> receive fhD details of foe 
Gulf 03 . company's tender h» imposed ou 

offer for Cities Service MrBoesky by last nfeht. 
Corporation, an offer which The spokemsan said that 
was later withdrawn, rumours ft. received foe 

abounded that Mr Boesky was mfonnahonitwouldbeopeuto 
selling hug: Mocks of shares the. Exchange to take instant 
fonuBh a front organization ketiom member finns fin 
in London. acting far Mr Boesky. 

^“Everyone mid focreww a T r a<b> -ami nctrv in 

Trade and Industry in 
SSSS?? London. But beyond that, foe 

Lat^.m a nith the 


to all that trouble, would I tell 

Officials of foe US Securi- 
ties flTtr f Exchange Commis- 

Mexico loan 

the nature of ariutrageurs. 
They are “ inagtere isffi" 

in foeir ' speculative deals, 
oftm buying and selling shares 
through a number of “fronts” 

The World Bank has re- 
leased $300 million (£211 
million) to Mexico as the first 
part of a $500 million trade 
policy loan approved in July. 

Move to bank 

Mr Ian Tegner, finance 
director of Bowater In- 
dustries, joins the Midland 
Bank in January as group 
finance director. 

exchanged confidential 
information about the Boesky 



case with foe Department of fajjf hfe^tion^fo 

brian & General Securities, 
the British investment trust in 
which he bought a controlling 
interest in 1982, primarily as a 
_ source of capital for arbitrage, 
officials said. 

After he reorganized 
Cambrian's portfolio, invest- 
ing almost scrfely in US securi- 
ties, ft was named the best- 
performing trust in EpglaTifl 
Officials emphasized that 
there is no suggestion that 
G&nbrian or its officers 
were involved in wrongdoing. , 

In another development, , 
the Wall Street Journal re- ! 
ported yesterday that Drexei, 
Burnham is under investiga- 
tion by a federal grand jury. It 
was this unconfirmed report 
that caused share prices to 
plummet late- on Tuesday as > 
Wall Street professionals ex- 
pressed their strong concern 
that Drexel’s involvement ! 
could dry up the market for 
junk bonds — high riskhigh 
yield bonds — and shut down ; 
the market for takeover bids. 

United Stales regulatory of- 
ficials and stock exchange i 
officers said yesterday that , 
they did not see foe need for 
new legislation of restraints to l 
broaden insider trading laws 
and to restrict corporate 

One SEC member, Mr Jo- 
seph Grundfest, saidb“Some 
people are calling for new 
legislation but I think the 
answer is no. The investiga- 
tion oflvan Boesky shows that 
existing laws are adequate.” 

His views were echoed yes- 
terday by US House and 
Senate leaders. 

Spectrum, page 16 

Electra lifts assets by £19m 

Wan Street 26 
Co News 36 

Co meat 27 

Traded Opts 29 
LtaS^Trasts 36 

Stock Market 27 CbamoAks 30 
Money MrUs 29 USM Prices 30 
Fereijp] Exdh 29 Sbute Prices 31 

Electra Investment Trust; 
which has more than half its 
portfolio in unquoted com- 
panies, increased its net assets 
from £293 million to £312 
million in the six months to 
September 30l 
Net assets per share — 
adjusted to reflect share op- 
tions and warrants — ' in- 
creased by 5.98 per cent to 

By Lawrence Lever 

200.65p. The shares stand at a in the way it calculated its 
discount of 27 par cent, with unquoted investments which 
Electro's -shares doting at account for £195.8 million erf 
156p. foe trust 

Profits attributable to The company has invested 
shareholders rose from £3 about £3 1 million in unquoted 
million to' £338 minion, a companies over foe past six 
10.4 per cent increase. The months, more than half in 

company is paying a dividend man 



of 2 p, compared with 1 . 8 p in 
foe same period last year. 

Mr Michael S tod dart, foe 
chairman, said yesterday that 
Electra was “pretty cautious” 

management buyouts. 

Its largest involvement was 
a £5 million investment in the 
management buyout of the 
British paper interests of 
Bowater Industries. 

Whitbread made pretax 
profits in the six months to 
Angust30 ef £79.8 ntiUfou, up 
17.4 per cent. Brewing and 
retailing showed good profit 
increases, but from 

wines and spirits were down 21 
per cent at £113 million. The 
interim dividend was raised 

buys 4.1% 
of Heath 

By Alison Eadie 

Hambros, the merchant 
banking groups has moved to 
secure its side of Fielding 
Insurance to C E Heath by 
buying 133 million shares in 
j Heath, or 4.1 percent, at 505p 
a share, more than 20 p above 
the prevailing market price. 

[ The stake came from the 
Prudential Corporation and 
was also offered to PWS 
I Holdings, the rival suitor for 
Heath. PWS turned it down. 

Mr Ron Artus, the Pruden- 
tial group's chief investment 
manager, last night declined to 
comment on the sale. 

Hambros’ £6.7 million pur- 
chase, matte on Tuesday, is 
understood to have been 
iaigriy placed yesterday at 
iower-than-market prices, 
producing a near £500,000 
loss on the transaction. Heath 
shares fell Up to 473p 

A spokesman for Hambros 
said that the shares were 
bought to secure proxies 
ahead of the extraordinary 
meeting of Heath sharehold- 
ers tomorrow, when a vote 
will be taken on the merger 
with Fielding. 

The deadline for proxy 
votes was yesterday, and 
Hambros is confident that its 
sate of Fielding will go ahead. 

A ‘yes' vote by Heath 
shareholders would mean that 
the PWS bid would automati- 
cally lapse. Hambros will re- 
tain a 16. 8 per cent stake in the 
Heath-Fielding combine, and 
it has conditionally placed a 
frnther 73 per cent stake at 
464p, which should realise £15 

If the Fielding sale had been 
turned down by Heath 
shareholders, Hambros could 
have reverted to an earlier 
option to float Fielding on the 
stock market. The flotations 
queue would have meant at 
least a four to five-month 

11 J per cent to 23p. 

Mr Sam Whitbread, the 
chairman, said he expected 
strong second-half results 
from retailiag. In foe first half, 
Whitbread was opening one 
new or refurbished pub a day 
and one restaurant a week. 

Tempos, page 29 

the engineering group, AE, has 
asked Turner & Newall for full 
details of its exposure to 
claims concerning asbestos- 
related disease which in 1978 
amounted to $ 2.8 billion. 

It is understood that 
Freshfidds is seeking further 
information because AETs 
board considers that informa- 
tion so far provided by T & N, 
currently making a hostile 
£271 million takeover bid for 
AE, is “seriously deficient”. 

T & N has persistently re- 
fused to disclose the total 
extent of foe current claims 
outstanding against ft on the 
grounds that to do so could be 
co numerically damaging. 

In America the giant 
Manvilte Corporation, foe 
company most at risk from 
claims over asbestos-related 
diseases, has told shareholders 
that it expects to make pay- 
ments into a trust for asbestos 
victims that will exceed $2.5 
billion over the next 25 years. 

Up to foe end of September 
Manvilte had disclosed claims 
totalling more than $1 12 bil- 
lion (£80 billion) while claims 
in respect of damage to prop- 
erty caused by replacing asbes- 
tos materials was in excess of 
$80 billion (£57 billion). 

The Freshfidds letter is 
believed to put two specific 
questions to T&N. 

First, what insurance cover 
is available to foe T&N 
group in respect of claims 
already notified and also to 
those anticipated? Secondly, 
what is the amount of claims 
currently outstanding, includ- 
ing those in respect of prop- 
erty damage? The latter are 
not covered by the Wellington 
agreement, a pooling arrange- 

actions from those affected by 
asbestos-related disease. 

Sir Frauds Tombs, chair- 
man of T & N, said last night 
that the matters were dealt 
with fully in the past and that 
be was unlikely to respond to 
requests for further informa- 
tion over the extent of existing 

Freshfidds’ letter points out 
that the board of AE assumes 
that if T & N were adequately 
insured it would be a relevant 
factor for AE shareholders to 
consider in asessing the take- 
over offer. 

But it is bdeived to point 
out that the details of claims 
dealt with so far have not been 
summarized nor put on dis- 
play despite their relevance. 
Nor hasT & N’s involvement 
in the Wellington arrangmenls 
been disclosed. 

In particular, no indication 
is given of the extent of 72 
cases of claims in respect of 
property damage not covered 
by the Wellington agreement 
except a statement that this 
does not represent a material 
change in foe position since 
the end of 1985. 

Sir Francis pointed out that 
it would not be correct to 
consider the extent of the 
Manvilte corporation's prob- 
lems as relevant to T & N. 

T & N has told sharehold- 
ers that provision for asbestos- 
related diseases and associated 
liabilities was £1 5.8 million at 
the end of 1985 but that 
pro visons will be made only in 
respect of claims notified and 
outstanding at each year end. 

Nothing has been indicated 
in respet of provisions for 
claims anticipated. 

Growth picks up strongly 
in Britain and the US 

Economic growth is Britain 
picked up strongly in the third 
quarter, according to govern- 
ment figures. The Chancellor, 
Mr Nigel Lawson, said yes- 
terday that this proved that 
the pause in the recovery was 

Meanwhile, the American 
economy expanded at a 

By David Smith and Mohsin AH 

i third quarter was in line with i 
1 analysts' expectations. But it j 

- falls short of the Reagan 
, Administration's projections 

- that foe economy would grow 

t at a 33 percent rate this year. 1 
i In Britain, gross domestic : 
product, based on output fig- 1 

i * 

l The pound fell after the Prime < 

the short-lived nature of the 
growth slowdown this year. 

The recovery in output in 
the third quarter resulted from 
a bounce-back in North Sea 
oil output, up 63 per cent on 
the second quarter, as well as a 
recovery in manufacturing, up 
13 per cent thanks to a high 
September figure: 

But the high street boom 
also appears to have played its 
part. Within an overall rise of 
0.8 per cent in the output of 
the service industries, 
wholesaling and retailing 
activity was up by 2 per cent 

Service industries' output in 
the third quarter was 3.9 per 
cent up ou the same quarter of 
last year. The overall index of 
GDP, ou an outout basis, was 
114.3(1980= 100) in the third 
quarter, compared with 1133 
in the second quarter, and 
110.9 in the third quarto of 
last year. 

respectable 2.9 per cent an- Minister repeated her rejec- 
nual rate in the third quarter, turn iff entry into the EMS 
slightly faster than originally unfit after the election. Oil 
estimated, foe Department of price doubts also hit the 

Commerce said 
A preliminary report last 

oand. The sterling index fell 
3 to 68 , having been down to 

month had forecast only a 2.4 67.9. The pound lost two 
per cent annual rate of growth pfennigs to DM23483 and fefl 

is the July to September 
period Defence orders and 
net exports were stronger than 
first estimated. 

American inflation, mea- 
sured by the GNP fixed- 
weight price index, increased 
by an annual rate of 2.4 per 
cent in foe quarter. 

The slight upward revision 
in the rale of growth in the 

a quarter of a cent to $1.4215, 
against a weak dollar. 

ures, rose by 1 per cent in the 
third quarter, to stand 3.1 per 
cent up on its level a year 

Mr Lawson said in the 
House of Commons that the 
third-quarter figures vin- 
dicated his optimism about 

Nnv York 

Dow Jones 1 820021+2^1)* 


Nikkei Dow 17283-81 (+1028) 

Horn Kong: 

Kang Sana 224334 t&KQ 

Amsterdam: Gen 278.7 4-1.6* 

Sydney; AO 1335-8(+21D) 


Commerzbank Closed 

B w i Mri f 

General 392333 (-41.42) 

Pari* CAC — 378AHL7) 

Zurich: SKA Gen 54&60 

London; ft. A n/a 

FT. Gats 80.76 (-056) 

Closing prices Page 31 


London: Bank Base: 1i% 

3-monm interbank 

Smooth e&gtte bBs:t0 o 3i- ,, «A» 

buying rate 

U&Pftrae Rate 714% .. 

Federal Funds 7)4 V - 
3-tnontfi Treasury pas 5.34-5.32%' 
30year bonds IWft-100 7 ** 

Akimasc Group 

Hack Arrow 

Gibbon Lyons 


BP— — 


Thom EMI 

Goodwin — 

WNfflread ‘A* 

K Brookes 

Avana Group 

Metai Box—., — 

BAT Industries 

Barton Transport — 


j Parians — 


Hanson Trust ——— II 
Prices are as «t4pa 


Bid speculation as second 
group takes stake in RHM 

By Alexandra Jackson 

Speculation mounted yes- Australia. His stated inten- 
tenby that a bid for the tion, both pubOdy and toes, is 
British food nuu^facturtog to develop a long term 
groap Rank Boris McDosgall relationship with RHM. We 
was r v the offing as it became bare discussed the possibility 
dear that a seamd antipodean of Goodman Fielder bong 
company has a sizeable represented on the board but 
share holding . _ wffl not make an offer of a seat 

; Following the publication unless there is a dear advan- 
yesterday of HUM'S annual tage to our shareholders, 
results, Mr Stanley . Metcalfe, “ We hare not been in touch 

the group's managing (Orator, with Fletcher Challenge, nor it 
announced that the NewZea- with us. However, when asked, 
land group, Fletcher (M- Goodman Fielder denied that 

age, nas a per cent stake, ft was acting in co 
In August this year, S and Fletcher Challenge. 

in concert with 

H ere fo r d 

dares, Fletcher Challenge Is the 


E; $1.4215 . . 
E DM2.8515 
E SwFi2371fi 
E FFriLKBtt 
h IlKMxtifiJ) 





fc Yonl 62-45* . 

£ bxtexrllOLS . 

27SJS0 J 

Mmn Yodc • 

Come*S3B0 f afr39050’ 

which now accomfts far 143 second largest company in 
per cent of BHM's equity, to New Zealand. Capitalised at 
the Australian food raanufoc- NZ$3.7 billion (£1,4 billion) it 
tming gronp, Goodman Fie- ucmntsfor93percedtoftlie 
lder. focal market, ft? interests are 

Commenting on the sftna- primarily In the paper, timber 
tion Mr Metcalfe afifWe and bnOding industries and it 
have met Mr Pat Goodman, fans no direct .involvement in. 
chairman of Goodman EeWer, toe food Industry. It has, 
both in this country and in however, a 9.8 per cent 

shareholding in Goodman 

Ahead of City expectations. 
Rank Boris McDongalTs 
profits for the year to the end 
of Augast 1986 jumped from 
£703 motion to £903 million 
on turnover op 8 per cent to 
£L4 bflfioo. Earnings per 
share increased from 155p to 
20.7p. A final dividend of 
449p was recommended mak- 
ing a total of 6.61p for the 

When talking about the 
prospects for the current year 
Mr Metcalfe made it dear that 
the group is now fn a position ■ 
to mke a sizeable aeqeisifess. 
However, he was keen to 
stress that a move on this front 
had not been precipitated by 
the presence of the Goodman 
Fielder and Fletcher Chal- 
lenge shareholdings. 

Tempns, page 29 

A mortgage 
for life’s little ups 
and downs. 

Wouldn’t it be marvellous if you could choose how 
much you pay each month in mortgage repayment? 

It is possible. John Charcots new flexible mortgage 
is quite unique. 

It combines the advantages of a fixed interest/ Abating 
interest mortgage with the possibility of reducing the 
monthly payment without prior notice. 

Unlike other mortgages- which cither have a fixed 
interest rate or one that floats up and down depending on 
the market- our new mortgage gives you a choice. 

Yon may opt for a floating rate and then change 
your mortgage to a fixed rate at a month's notice. More 
interesting, you may opt to defer up to 30% of the 
payments whenever you wish. 

This means you can choose to pay less if the interest 
rate rises. Or if your other commitments rise. 

If your other expenses come down, or your income 
climbs temporarily, you may opt to pay more. 

Our new mortgage is available to everyone who is 
looking to borrow between £15.001 and £250.000. up to 
3.5 times a single income. 

It is available to purchase properties up to lOO’Mi of 
their value, although sums up to 70% can be borrowed 
without a status enquiry. 

In short if your income is flexible, if your outgoings 
an: flexible, if you just don’t know enough about your 
future earnings, or even if you just don't want to be tied 
down to a fixed monthly repayment then oor new mort- 
gage is for you. 

Tfclephontr us on 01-oNV 70.S0 for our brochure or w 
make an appointment 

txia-utxjiEvr.\« »mv;i:iDu jkkks 

Mwwuy ti.Mhc KnitouhtidgL*. lundun SSV7 lKLTUri>F5>W7UN0. 

k£I-? SEBBSt <p 





Fall continues at start 

New York (Renter) — Wall 
Street shares, in early trading 
yesterday, continued the slide 
that began on Monday in 
reaction to the widening in- 
sider trading scandal. Shares 
associated with takeovers and 

restructuring were the worst 


' The Securities and Ex- 
change Commission's invest- 
igation of Drexei Bomham 
Lambert’s junk bond financing 
operations prompted some 

qaestions about whether deals 
underway may ran into finan- 
cing problems. 

The Dow Jones industrial 
average was down 5.43 to 

Dedinxng issues led advanc- 
ing issues by three to two on a 
volume of 27 million shares. 

The transportation average 
was down 3.63 to 810.25, 
utilities, at 203-54, were down 
0.63 and stocks were down 
2.48 at 717.84. 


















Fst Chicago 


31 ’A 




Fst im Bncjj 
























GAP Cofp 



Am'roa Hs 



GTE Cora 



Am Brands 



Gen Corp 



Am Can 



Gen Beane 



Am El Pm 







Gen Inst 



Am Express 



Gen Mills 



Am Home 



Gen Motors 



Am Motors 











Am Tele ph 



Gecrgu Pac 









Armco Steel 

4 ii 









Ashland OB 






At Rich (told 




Avon Prods 



Gt AtiSTac 











15 :: 




BKol Bsion 



Gun & West 



Bank ol NY 




39 1 *- 


Setn Steel 
























Bg Warner 






Snst Myers 



kuand Steel 









Burton tnd 






Burr ton Ntn 


61 % 

In} Paper 











61 % 

Irving Bank 



Can Pacific 



JTtnsn 4 Jhn 






Kaiser Alum 







Central SW 


Kmb'iy Qrk 




30 '1 


K Man 



Chase Man 






LTV. Corp 




















Lucky Sirs 
Man H'nver 



Clark Equip 




44 A 

Coca Cola 








39 ’i 







Marine tad 




Clmoia Gas 



Mn Marietta 














Cons Eds 






Cn Hal Gas 






Cons Power 




Dl*' t 


Cntri Data 






Comma Gl 
CPC mu 



Mccil Oil 











Morgan J.P. 


81 % 







Dart & Kraft 



NCR Corp 









Delta Air 



Nat Distirs 



Derail Ed 


17 V, 











Dow Chain 



Norfolk Stfi 








Dresser tad 


18 % 




Duke Power 

46 V. 











Eastern Ah- 






Estm Kodak 



Pac Gas El 



Eaton Corp 



Pan Am 



Emerson H 



Penney J.C. 



Exxon Corp 






Fed Dm Sts 











85 % 



Pfuar 58 

Phelps OoS 17% 
PhduMrs 67% 

Philips Pei 
Prar GmU 
PbSE&G 41% 
Raytheon 64 
RyrddsMat 44% 
Rocfcwefffert 40% 
Royal Dutch 90% 
Safeways 01% 
Sara Loo 66% 
SFESopae 32% 
ScWberger 31% 
Scott Paper 60% 
Seagram 60% 
Sears Rtxfc 41% 
ShoB Trans 53% 
Singer 39% 
Snrn4dn8k 84% 
Sony 20% 

SthCalEd 33% 
SWslnBefl 107% 
Sid CM Ohio 47% 
Staring Dig 45 
Stevens Jp 34% 
Sun Comp 54% 
Teledyne 306% 
Tenneco 38% 
Texaco 35 
Texas ECor 29% 
Texas Inst 1 12% 
Texas Utfls 32*. 
Textron 6 on 
Travtrs Cor 43% 
TRW Inc 92% 
UAL Inc 57 
UnteverNV 213% 
UnCartxde 23 
UnPacCor 59 
UU8ran0s 32'. i 
USGCorp 37% 
UM Techno) 43% 

USXCorp 21% 

Unocal 24% 
Am Walter 46% 
WmerLmbt 54% 
Wells Fargo 104% 
WstghseB 56% 
Weyerti'sw 36% 
WhrrfpOOl 69% 
Woohvorth 42% 
Xerox Corn 55% 
Zenith 20% 










47 % 













20 % 

34 % 






















21 % 










20 % 


27% 27% 
42% 42% 

12 12 % 
15% 15% 
13% 13% 
277. 27% 
27% 29 
23 23% 

32% 31 
47% 47% 
39V, 39V. 
29% 29% 

83% 85% 

19% 20% 

28 28% 
2-63 2-60 
13% 131. 

30% 30% 

Imperial OH 
Ryt Trustee 

• MtUcwaciis.aft»a»ep:>ttksiiM.l Intel yuoauOtt 


Lessen Mr Mervyn Lesser has 
become non-executive 

Temperature: Mr D G 
Gilbey is to be managing 

■The Landmark Cash & 
Carry Group: Mr Peter 
Blakemore becomes chairman 
and Mr Roger Millwnrd exec- 
utive chairman. 

Spice: Mr Kevin Cabbage is 
to join as managing director, 
succeeding Mr Gordon Spice 
who will continue as executive 

Management Horizons: Mr 
George Wallace and Mr Lio- 
nel Brogan are to join the 
main board. Management Ho- 
rizons Holdings. Mr George 
Adams, Mr David Jeary and 
Mr Damian Norton become 
executive directors. Manage- 
ment Horizons and Mr Mal- 
colm Greenhfii. Mrs Monica 
Lucas. Miss Bridget Walsbe 
and Miss Amanda Poole be- 
come associate directors. 

Inierlaine: Mr Anthony 
Tomer has been elected vice- 

International Signal 
sends reassuring result 

By John Bell, City Editor 

International Signal & Con- 
trol. the US defence con- 
tractor with a London listing, 
went some way towards 
restoring its image as a growth 
stock yesterday with half-year 
profits *17 per cent up at $21 
million (£14.75 million). 

The group Hotted its copy 
book last year with profits that 
were $6.5* million up at $40 
million but nevertheless fell 
some way short of best City 
expectations. Its shares have 
underperformed significantly 
since then, losing in the pro- 
cess much of the premium 
rating they attracted since the 
London listing in 1982. 

The profits slowdown was 
partly due to its healthy 
appetite for additional work- 
ing capital and the fact that the 
group spent rather more than 
expected on acquisitions. 
Yesterday's figures, however, 
proved reassuring. 

Fears that operating mar- 
gins might come under pres- 
sure were unfounded. They 
widened marginally, com- 
pared with the first half of last 
year, to 11 per cent on 
turnover of $236 million. 
Operating profits rose 27 per 
cent from $21 million to $26.8 
million even after absorbing 

expected losses of $500,000 
from new subsidiaries. 

A further worry among 
analysts was that there might 
have been a slowdown in 
orders after the shuttle 
disaster and cutbacks inUS 
defence spending. The group 
confirmed orders outstanding 
at the end of September were 
about $800 million and have 
continued to grow since then. 

The board is taking a 
favourable view of prospects 
in the second half of the year. 
“As growth continues in all 
three of the operating groups, 
the directors view the out- 

come of the financial year 
with considerable confi- 
dence," the statement to 
shareholders said yesterday. 

The second six months will 
benefit from much lower in- 
terest charges due to use of the 
5300 million rights issue pro- 
ceeds. Analysts are looking for 
profits in the region of $62mil- 
lion to $65 million. The shares 
rose 4p to 254p to stand on a 
prospective price-earnings 
multiple of about 14. 

Shareholders are to receive 
a dividend of 1.4 cents a share, 
a rise of 17 per cent on last 

Channon to pressure Japanese 

Renewed pressure will be 
applied to Japan next week to 
open up its financial markets 
to British players. It will 
happen during the first official 
visit by Mr Paul Channon, 
Trade and Industry Secretary. 

Mr Channon said yesterday 
that 57 Japanese firms were 
authorized to deal in secu 

dividend is !9p. making 26p 
(23p) for the year to September 
30 (figures in pounds) franked 
investment income group com- 
pany 10.563 (15.000) related 
companies 196.114 (196,1 14) 
and other companies 505.397 
(536.33 1 > Treasury bills 3S0.772 
(376.245). Earnings per share 
29.8p (26op). 

company has sold its 50 per cent 
interest in Bristol Sand and 
Gravel Company including a 
freehold wharf and crane at 
Bristol, which were rented from 
British Dredging by Bristol 
Sand. The total consideration 
paid to BD in respect of the 
transaction amounted to £2.075 
million, of which £195,000 was 
paid in cash and £1.880 million 
was sat isfied by loan notes. 

• CRUSTS: Paid acceptances 
in respect of 3.925,624 ordinary 
shares (61.33 per cent) have 
been received. The offer re- 
mains open for further accep- 
tances until 3.30pm on 
December 3. 

Squibb has agreed to sell Charles 
of the Ritz group, its fragrance 

rities in tbe London market 
but there were only 1 1 
London-based firms dealing 
in Tokyo. And only three 
British firms have seats on tbe 
.Tokyo Stock Exchange. 

“1 cannot at this stage say 1 
believe there has been 
reciprocity." he added. 

Under the Financial Ser- 
vices Ad Mr Channon wti) 
have powers to require 
reciprocity which would allow 
him to revoke licences already 
granted to Japanese firms in 

“1 do not want to make 
threats,” he said. 


and cosmetics subsidiary, to 
Yves Saint Laurent, for more 
than $600 million (£422 mil- 
lion). The deal is scheduled for 
year end, subject to obtaining 
the requisite governmental ap- 
provals and other conditions. 

GROUP: Figures in £000 for the 
six months to June 30. Turn- 
over was 6,685, pretax profit 
was 985, tax was 405. Earnings 
per share were 7.7p. Directors 
reaffirm the forecast of pretax 
profits of £1.6 million for the 
year. The interim results reflect 
the seasonal bias of the group's 

dividend ofl.lp(1p)foryearto 
March 31. Profit on sate of 
investment was £102,792 
(£574.194)1 Pretax profit was 
£324,049 (£800,943), tax was 
£109,105 (£232.947) and earn- 
ings per share were 3.40p 
(9.15p). The level of share 
disposals was lower than in the 
previous three years, but invest- 
ment and trading income 
continues to rise. 

company has been awarded a 
£14 million contract by Tarmac 

Is the writing on the wall 
for special sector funds? 

Investment fashions-geographical, 
industrial, sectional -may come and go. 
The beauty of growth is here to stay 
That’s what the FS Balanced Growth 
Fund was set up to achieve. And no ifs or 
buts about it- thats the result we keep on 
producing- month in, month out. 

And talking of results, we’d like to 
congratulate Roger Forster, the winner of 
this years Unit Trust Investor of the Year 

As part of his portfolio, he chose the 
FS Balanced Growth Fund, w hich was a 
“vital choice” in his 87% return, a record 
for the competition since it first began 
seven years ago. 

The FS Balanced Growth Fund beat all 
other unit trusts in its first two years. 
£1,000 invested in Februaiy 1984 was 
worth £3.073 by February 1986 (offer- 
tobid, net income reinvested). 

.And the fund remains on top. It was the 

No 1 unit trust over the 2 years to end 
September 1986 (Money Management). 

So as our performance with the FS 
Balanced Growth Fund proves, we 
concentrate on consistent growth time 
after time. 


FS would like to welcome you to stand 
No 297 at the Money 86 Exhibition at 
Olympia on 30th October to the 2nd 

It's your chance to talk personally to 
our team of fund managers, and get to 
know what lies behind our success. 
Alternatively contact David Campbell, 
our Investment Director at the address 

Freepost. Department TT1, 

1 90 West George Street. 

Clasgow G2 2 PA. INVESTMENT 

Or telephone: 041-332 3132. MANAGERS 


Roadstone 10 design and con- 
struct a quarry plant at Stud 
Farm Quarry in Leicestershire. 

RIES: Rights result: 1.014,403 
shares, (about 85.07 per cent) 
were taken up. The balance of 
278.097 shares has been sold in 
the market and the net excess 
over the subscrition price will be 
distributed among the ordinal 
allottees except that amounts of 
less than £2.30 will be retained 
for the benefit of the company. 

offer for safe of 28 million 
ordinary shares of 25p each was 
fully subscribed, and the 
application list has closed. More 
than 17,000 valid applications 
were received, and these wfll be 
accepted largely in fulL 

• AGA: The company has 
signal an agreement covering 
the exchange of technologies 
with Nippon Sanso, of Japan. 
AGA will gain acce s s to Nippon 
Sanso’s technology for produc- 
tion, utilization and marketing 
of highly purified gases and 
related equipment for tbe 
electronics industry, and it will 
market the gases and equipment 
in countries where the group has 
gas operations. The agreement 
indudes a clause covering agree- 
ments to be reached later en- 
abling Nippon to draw upon 
AGA's sophisicated pulp 
bteadiing know-how. 

SECURITIES: Results for six 
months to September 30. In- 
terim dividend 0.66p ((0.6), 
payable January 16. Total rev- 
enue £579,895 (588,806), net 
revenue for financial year after 
all charges including fax 
£192,433 (£207,238), tax 

Sturge in 
talks to 
buy Wise 

By Alison Sadie 
Sturge Holdings, the largest 
independent underwriting 
agency group at Lloyd's ana 
the only pabDdy quoted one, is 
in takeover talks with Wise 
Speke, the Newcastle-based 
firm of stockbrokers. 

If saccessfnl, Wise Speke 
wO! become a wholly owned 
subsidiary of Sturge. Wise is 
one of the largest regional 
stockbrokers in Britain with 
offices at Newcastle, Leeds, 
Middles borough and London. 
It has 15 partners and 100 

Tbe bulk of its business is 
with more than 15,000 private 
clients. It also acts for cor- 
porate and institutional clients 
and £800 million f finds 
under management 
Sturge has been looking at 
diversfficatiaus in personal 
ftnanriai services for some 
time. It has no present plans 
for farther acquisitions of 

The takeover could produce 
added benefits with Wise 
Speke offering Sturge’s 
Lloyd's names extra financial 
services and introducing 
wealthy clients to Sturge as 
prospective names. 

Mr Kit Pnmphrey, Wise 
Speke's senior partner, said 
the merger would “provide the 
fin ifffMi strength to expand 
oar services to clients without 
creating any conflict of in- 
terest or sacrificing our valued 

Sturge has been buying 
Lloyd's agencies, as they di- 
vest from brokers, bat the 
trend in divestment is now 
towards management buyouts, 
leaving fewer acqu i si ti on pos- 

£105,837 (£117,175), earnings 
per share 1.07p(1.15). 

• FKB GROUP: The group has 
conditionally agreed to acquire 
FDS Promotions, of Canter- 
bury, the leading promotions 
company in duty-free marketing 
in Britain and Europe. FKB has 
also taken the option to acquire 
FDS Promotions, the Spanish 
associate of FDS. for a nominal 


LEISUREWEAR: Figures in 
£000 for six months to June 30. 
Turnover 2,126 (3,145). pretax 
profit 6 (85), estimated tax 2 
(35 X earnings per share 0.06p 
(0.7). The board says that the 
knitwear division continued to 
trade profitably bat losses in- 
curred by the footwear division 
dominated the overall result. 
Corrective action is being taken, 
including the closure of tbe 
Louis Israel footwear subsid- 
iary. The board says an 
improvement from this section 
is expected to take place to the 
benefit of the whole gronp. It 
now intends to develop the 
present base of the company and 
to seek growth through an active 
policy of acquisition and invest- 
ment in related business areas. 

TIONS: Gross final dividend 10 
per cent, making 15 per cent 
(saroeX payable December 22. 
Figures in £000 for year to June 
30. Turnover 271 (383X profit 
on ordinary activities 1 1 9 (2421 
tax 53 (108X earnings per share 
0.48p (0.99). The results were 
adversely affected by tbe fell in 
commodity prices. Prices have 
improved during tbe current 

Commissions safe 
under new rules 

Financial intermediaries 
will still be able to carp laige 
commissions from selling life 
assurance, if proposals put 
forward Yesterday by the Life 
and Unit Trust Regulatory 
Organ isati on are adopted. 

LAUTRO is proposing to 
limit commissions to 25 per 
cent of the premiums paid by 
consumers. On policies where 
the premiums are payable 
regularly throughout the pol- 
icy the 25 per cent would be 
charged for an initial period 
followed by a flax rate charge 
of 2.5 per cent on all pre- 
miums paid until the policy 

The agreement also en- 
compasses unit trusts and 
single premium bonds. 
LAUTRO is suggesting that 
intermediaries can earn a 
maximum of 3 per cent 
commission on sales of unit 
trusts — in line with current 
market practice. 

This will also apply where 
an intermediary switches his 
client from one unit trust into 

By Lawrence Lever 

For single premium bonds 
LAUTRO is proposing a 4 per 
cent initial charge followed by 
a chare of 0.5 per cent in the 
following four years, as op- 
posed to the current one-off 
commission payment of 5 per 

Under rules put for war d by 
the Securities and Invest- 
ments Board, intermediaries 
who sell life assurance and 
unit trusts of companies 
which subscribe to the 
LAUTRO agreement will not 
have to disclose to investors 
the ammount of commission 
they are earning. 

Instead they will be subject 
only to '‘soft disclosure” — 
telling investors that commis- 
sions are jn line with the 
LAUTRO agreement. 

Intermediaries will have to 
disclose the ammouxu of 
commission they are earning 
only where they sell a policy 
from a company not covered 
by the agreement. 

20TH NOVEMBER 1986. 


The Bank of England announcss thai Her Majesty's Treasury has created cn 
ISth November 1986. and has issued to ihe Bank, additional amounts as 
indicated of each of ihe Stocks toted betow: 

£50 mOton 2} percent INDEX- LINKED TREASURY STOCK. 2001 
£50 million 2} per cent INDEX-LINKED TREASURY STOCK. 2020 

The price paid by the Bank, on issue was in each use the middle market 
once of the relevant Stock at 3.30 pm. on 18:h November 1936 as certified 
by the Government Broker. 

In each mm, the amount issued on 18th November 1936 represents a 
further tranche of the relevant Stock, ranking m an respects pan passu with 
that Stock and subject to the terns and conditions applicable to that Stock, 
and sub] act also to the provson contained m the final paragraph of this 
notice; rhe current provisions for Capital Gams Tax are described be>ow 
Copies of the prospectuses for the Stocks fcsted above, dated 20m August 
1982 and 12th October 1SB3 respectively, may be obtained at the Bank of 
England. New Issues. WaOtng Street. London. EC4M BA A 

Application has been made to the Council of The Stock Exchange for each 
further tranche of stock to be admitted to the Official List 

The Stocks are repayable, and interest is payable haU-yearfy. on me dates 
shown below [provision is made m the prospectuses fer stockholders to tie 
offered the right of early redemption under certain crrcurr-srarces) 

Stock Redemption dale 

2) per cent Index-Linked 24th September 2001 
Treasury Slock. 2001 
2j per cent Index-Linked J6tfi April 2020 
Treasury Stock. 2020 

Interest payment daws 
2dth March 
24th September 
16tfr Aprd 
16:h October 

Both Ok pnnc*»l of and the interest on the Stocks are indexed to the.- General 
Index of Retail Prices. The Index figure relevant to any month is that published 
seven months previously and relating to the month before me month of 
pubficaoorr The Index figure relevant to the month of issue of 2 } per 
cent Index-Linked Treasury Stock. 2001 is that relating to December 1931 
(308.8) the equivalent index figure for 21 per cent Index-Linked Treasury 
Stock. 2020 is that rebting to February >983 (327.3). These Index figures 
wfl be used for she purposes of calculating payments ol pnrwpal and interest 
due m respect of the relevant further tranches of stock. 

The relevant Index figures for the half-yearly interest payments on the Slocks 
are as follows: 

Relevant Index figure 

Interest payable Published m Rely mg to 

March August of the previous year July 

September February of the same year “ ' January 

April September of the previous year August 

October March of the same year February 

Each further tranche of stock Issued on 18th November 1986 will rank For 
a fid sex months' interest on the next interest payment date applicable to 
the relevant Stock. 

Each of the Stocks referred to in dvs notice is specified under paragraph 1 
of Schedule 2 to die Capital Gams Tax Act 1973 as a gilf-edged security 
(under current legislation exempt from tax on capital gams, irrespective ol 
the penod for which the Stock is hefdj. 

Government statement 

Attention is drawn to the statement osued by Her Majesry s Treasury on 
29th May 1385 which explained that, in the interest of the orderly conduct 
of fiscal policy, nether Her Majesty's Government nor die Bank of England 
or their respective servants or agents undertake to disclose U* changes 
decided on but not yet announced, even where they may speoheafiy affect 
the terms on winch, or the conditions under which. These further tranches 
of stock ere issued or sold by or on behalf of the Government or the Bank, 
that no responsibility can therefore be accepted lor any omission 10 make 
such disclosure; and that such omission shall neither render any transaction 
liable to be set aside nor give rise to any claim lor compensation. 


18th November 1986 

Interim statement 

Group sales for the 9 months January to September 1986 amounted to 15,302 
million Swedish kronor. Profit was 1,073 million after financial income and 
expense. Compared with the same 1985 period sales were up 602 million with 
profit down 54 million kronor. 

Jan/Sept 1986 Jan/Sept 1985 

Sales (MSKr) 

Operating income after 
depredation (MSKr) 

Income after financial 
income and expense (MSKr) 





Capital expenditure (MSKr) 





Average number of employees 



The rolling bearing business climate strengthened as a whole though slower than 
bad been expected at the start of the year. Demand for cutting tools also improved 
The market for special steel was however sluggish. Market interest in comoonem 
systems remained high 

Rolling bearing contribution to Group income was 737 million kronor (827) 
while steel accounted for 19 million ( 13), tools for 179 million (175), 
and components and other products for 138 million ( 1 12). 

The 1,073 million Group income after financial items corresponds to earnings 
per share of 27.05 kronor (30.00). 85 

In consequence of the recent approval of the SKF Steel and Finnish Ovako aoun 

StSSXS’” no ionger * “ c,uded 

Rofit and invoiced sales for the Group in 1986 are expected to be about the 
miUfo^krtinor WhCT1 respective income and sales were 1,376 million and 19,758 

AJrtiebolagel SKF, S-415 50 Coleborg. Sweden 

i> \SP 

■ '5? 

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u ' '• 

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- >. - 

Price on use of pipeline vital 
to competition in gas 

monopoly, then the control 
which was fo rmerly exercised 
by the Government as both 
owner nod customer repre- 

% Rodney Lord, Economics Editor 

The morn competitive woricT 
into which British Gas is 
about to emerge has ahead}! 
begun to sharpen hs daws on 
the company, A large Ameri- 
can oil company recently en- 
tered negotiations with a. 
potential industrial customer 
on Humberside for the direct 
supply of gas in competition 
with the state-owned 

It was allowed to do this 
under the Oil and Gas (Enter- 
prise) Act of 1982 which 
permits independent gas 
producers to negotiate a con- 
tract direct with large con- 
sumers and deliver supplies 
through the BG - pipeline 

In the event British Gas 
fought off the challenge by 
cutting its own contract price. 

Bat it took the company into 
head-on competition for the 
business of one of its major 
customers. First blood to SG. 

Privatization of the monop- 
oly utilities tike British Gas 
and British Telecom, followed 
by water and perhaps electric- 
ity, presents the Government 
with enonnons new challenges 
of regulation and competition. 

Where state enterprises are 
already operating in a compet- 
itive market like Rolls-Royce 
then consumers can take care 
of themselves. If they think 
they are not getting a good 
deal they can go elsewhere. 

But where the company has a 
monopoly or an effective 



Much the best way of 
exercising control is to let the 
marke r do it for yon through 

That is why the US Govern- 
ment under its anti-trust laws 
broke up the telephone giant 
AT & T and why there was 
strong pressure also to break 
up British Telecom and Brit- 
ish Gas into their component 
parts before privatization. 

There is certainly a ease 
both for separating out the 
different businesses contained 
in Telecom and Gas and for 
encouraging competition be- 
tween different regions. But 
the fashion for breaking up the 
giant utilities is waning. 

In the past 10 years there 
has been an intellectual 
revolution in thin king about 
anti-trust issues. Whereas pre- 
viously any large concentra- 
tion of ownership in a 
particular industry was auto- 
matically viewed with the 
deepest suspicion; the new 
regulatory economics — devel- 
oped initially by the American 
economist Bill Tfamnoi — lays 
much more emphasis on how 
easily new competitors can 
alter a market and what costs 
are entailed for consumers is 
switching their source of 

.. " ' flV-Kv- 

f: * 

, >•, - 

monopoly in a particular in- 
dustry might have relatively 
little market power if other 
traders could set up in com- 
petition at any moment with- 
out much fritfnf yal or human 
investment Potential com- 
petition can be as effective as 
real competition in persuad- 
ing a dominant supplier to 
keep its prices down and Its 
service attractive. 

How does the market for gas 
under the new rules measure 
up to these criteria? Judging 
by tiie American company’s 
bid for business, competition 
is already alive and well in 
some pails of BG’s activities. 

The investment needed by 
an independent producer to 
defiver gas to customers via an 


Tate & Lyle lifts its Berisford 
stake in £14m spending spree 

By Michael Clark 
and Carol Leonard 

Tate & Lyle, Britain's big- 
gest sugar producer, is step- 
ping up the pressure on its 
Italian rival, Ferruzzi, in tile 
battle to win control ofS& W 
Berisford, the commodity 
trading group which owns 
British Sugar. 

Hoare Govett, Tate & Lyle’s 
official broker, yesterday* 
moved swiftly into the mar- 
ket, shortly before ft dosed, ; 
bidding for 5 million shares in 
Berisford at 280p. 

By the close they had pideed 
up more than 4-m3&an in a 
£14 million spending spree, 
raising Tale & Lyle’s stake in 
the beleaguered company to 
almost 15 percent 

Bersiford shares responded 
by leaping 12p to 284p. 

Ferruzzi has given an 
undertaking not to mcrease its 
stake in Berisford above its 
present 23.7 per cent until foe 
outcome of the report being 
prepared by the Monopolies 
and Mergers Commission is 

The report which had been 
expected this month is now 
believed to have been delayed 
until mid-January. 

• Campbell and Arm- 
strong, the USM shop fitter 
should more than five up to 
the £600,000 profit forecast it 
made in its flotation 
prospectus for the six months 
to September. The figures, 
out shortly, wiH show that it is 
on target for more than 
flmilfion for foe HD year. Its 
shares are 86p. 

City experts are interpreting 
Tate’s unexpected raid on tire 
market as a sign that the 
company believes it will even- 
tually be given the go ahead by 
the Monopolies Commission 
to make an all-out ted for 

Elsewhere, the market had 
another eerily quiet day with 
almost all leading shares los- 
ing ground as jobbers per- 
sisted in marking their prices 
Iowa-, after foe 43-point foil 
on Wall Street. 

The FT-SE 100 share index 
reached its lowest level at 
middday, down 21 points at 
1596.5 and then recovered 

Cwranercial Property 
will appear tomorrow 




Slightly to dose 13.2 lower at 
16043. The FT 30 share index 
also dosed off its worst level, 
ending the day 12.8 lower at 

Renewed weakness in Ster- 
ling left gilts more than £1 
lower at tire longer end. 
Among leading tine chips 
BTR, foe industrial holding 
conglomerate, was one of foe 
few to go better. 

It gamed 4p to 295p, with 
1.4 million shares 

hands in the market Most 
foe buying was done, after 
whispers that a leading stock- 
broking firm was about to 
publish a strong “buy” 

Id slipped 9p to 1043p, 
AH*ed-Lyons4p to 307p, Brit- 
ish Telecom 3p to 193p, and 
Hanson Trust, which was 
once again the highest volume 
stork of the day, notching up a 
figure of 14 million shares, 
eased 2 ftp to 190ftpL 

Beecham, the pharmaceuti- 
cal group, improved 2p to 
430p, ahead of its interim 
results today. The company’s 
chief executive, Mr John 
Robb, is being whisked off to 
Paris as soon as he has 
finished speaking to City an- 
alysts this afternoon, to speak 
at a seminar for Ftench inves- 
tors organized ter Savory 
MiHn, the broker. 

Virgin, the record empire 
ran by Mr Richard Branson, 
where dealings officially begin 
today, was being traded in the 
unofficial “grey” market yes- 
terday ax a saddle price of 
141p, just a penny premium to 
the I40p striking price. 

Lucas, the automotive and 
aerospace components group, 
dipped 8p to hit a new low at 
433p, a move which co i nci d ed 
with a “buy” circular from Mr 
Mike Costello, an engineering 

analyst at . Klelnwort 
Grieveso®, the broker. 

Mr CosteCo says the 
company’s latest remits, with 
profits of £95L2 million, were 
m line with best hopes in foe 
market, and have fed to the 
upward revision of some of 
the more bearish estimates for 
tfae present year. 

He is forecasting profits of 
£117 million for 1987 and 
£135 ntiffion for 1988, with 
earnings per shares of 60p and 
67.4 respectively. 

“The recent 

undeiperfonnance now looks 
overdone and the shares look 
weU placed to outperform,” 
Mr Costdlo says. 

Final results from Banks 

5p to 268p. Wood Mackenzie, 
the Scottish broker, has lifted 
its profit forecast for the 
current year as a result, from 
£93 mifttoiL to £1 10 million. 

MkSaml Bank eased 7p to 
557p, after a lunch at Janies 
CapeL, the broker. Other banks 
were also lower. Barclays 
drifted 2p lower to 667p, 
Lloyds 3p to 424p,and 
NafWest 5p to 494p. Only the 
_ dd TSB shares held 
ground, at 78ftp. 

Coates Bros, foe fanrily- 
controlled printing ink group, 
slipped lp to 188p, despite foe 
news this week mat Mr John 
Calvins’ Adelaide Steamship 
bad been topping up its hold- 
ing in the voting darns. . 

He now speaks for for 14.4 
per cent of the votes and can 
count on a further 4.7 million 
non-voting shares (20.6 per 
cent) and not the figure of 23-4 
million mentioned in this 
column yesterday. 

Bryant Holdings, currently 
fighting off an unwanted £137 

million from E nglish China 
Clays, recovered an early foil 
to dose all-square at 146p. But 
talk that Tarmac hwi ap- 
proached Bryant to try an 
negotiate an agreed counter- 
bid is off beam. 

Tarmac may have given the 
subject careful consideration, 
but has certainly not ap- 
proached Bryant yet, say 
sources dose to the co m p an y. 

Mr. Chris Bryant; chairman 
of Bryant, who still speaks for 
20 per cent of foe shares has 
no intention of relinquishing 
control of the company and 
Ires no plans to introduce a 
“white knight”, 

EOCs figures next month 
footed make interesting read- 
ing with both sides now 
squaring up to do battle. 
Bryant will no doubt expose 
EOCs lack of experience in 
malting aggressive bids and 
point out to its shareholders 
about the inevitable dilution 
of earnings in such a volatile 
market ifthe ted succeeds. 

Bat foe success, ter failure, 
of foe ted wifl eventually 
hinge on how much EC C is 
finally prepared to pay for 
Bryant Mr Bryant is no doubt 

• There was some lively 
activity in Consolidated Gold 
Fields yesterday with the 
shares dipping to 635p first 
thing. They rallied to dose 
duly 15p easier at 247p as 
Vivian Gray, the broker, 
emerged as a big buyer of call 

option. This may have 

crane as some relief to those 
buyers who chased the 
price up to a peak of 701p last 

_ his decision not to 
up aJl his rights entitle- 
ments this summer. 

Derek Crouch, the civil 
engineer and opencast coal 
miner, advanced another 5p 
to a new peak of I98p in the 
wake of this week's news that 
ft had received an a] 
which coted lead to a 

At these levels, the entire 
group is capitalized at more 
than £25 million and has been 
the subject of much bid talk in 
recent weeks. The group 
boasts a strong growth record 
and earlier this year an- 
nounced an increase in inter 
pretax profits from £131 mil- 
lion to £138 million. 






lb acKemse your car in (lie Times Classified. fBI in 
can be arachcd separately l. 

Rates are: £4.00 per fine i approximately four words, 
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to he made payable to Times Newspaper. Lid. 
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Send to Shirky MwroHj, Group Classified Advertise- 
Tinea Ncwapapeis Lid. Adve nfaei Dc nt 
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Name - . 


Day lime Telepftone:. 

i Ac.; ess 1 -- 


investment and no more. 
However, Mr James 
McKinnon, the Director Gen- 
eral, refuses to speculate fur- 
ther on what is a reasonable 
return until he is faced with a 

,.r. 7 ;: ,f 

This is where hope for the independents lives or dies 
A company with a virtual existing pipeline network is 

small. Quality control tea to 
be exercised 

All tins win help to give the 
large industrial user of gas a 

choice of supply. He will 
continue also to have a choice 
of fuel with the option to 
switch to oil or coal or 
electricity if the gas industry 
becomes too greedy. 

For the small consumer the 
Government has chosen to 
impose a control over prices 
rather than profits. In prin- 
ciple there is a lot to be said for 
this approach rather than the 
US solution of profit controL 
The idea is that the company 
will have a greater spur to 
efficiency if it is allowed to 
keep the fruits of management 

over any gas 
which is fed into the grid but 
this is not a major problem 
with North Sea supplies. 

But crucial to proper com- 
petition between producers 
using a common carrier will 
be tire price charged by BG for , 
the use of the pipeline. IfBG is 
aQowed to charge as much as it 
tikes then the independents 
cannot possitey compete with- 
out a huge investment in a 
parallel grid- 

Of gas, the new regulatory 
agency fear the gas industry 
which is responsible for 
adjudicating complaints about 
BG’s common carrier charges, 
aims to see that BG earns a 
reasonable return on its 

- success beyond a certain level 
rather than facing a limit on its 

But it is not dear that the 
Government has got the for- 
mula right. 

The principle is that in any 
one year BG cannot raise its 
prices in the tariff sector of the 
market — those consumers 
using less than 25,000 therms 
a year — by more than foe 
increase in the retail price 
index less 2 per cent 

To this foe company can 
add the cost of changes u foe 
average price it is paying for 
gas, less a correction actor to 
compensate for any diver- 
gence in the previous year 
between the company’s fore- 
casts of price movements and 
the outturn. 

The trouble with RPI-2 is 
that it has all foe precision of a 
wet finger held in the wind. 
The RPI has the merit ofbemg 
familiar to consumers and 
regularly calculated but it is 
not a reliable measure of foe 
cost pressure s on the gas 
industry. And whether 2 per 
cent is a sensible productivity 
target for BG no-one can tdL 

No doubt there is a case for 
not imposing too harsh a 
regulatory regime initially if 
investors are to find Gas 
shares attractive. On the other 
hand privatization could ac- 
quire a had name with con- 
sumers if monopoly utilities 
are seen to make very large 
profits on trammelled either 
by effec ti ve competition or by 
Government regulation. 

The principle of control on 
profits is already in use in 
setting the limits on what BG 
may chaxge for its common 
carrier services. Any revision 
of the formula will have to 
take account of profitability 
even if the regulatory disci- 
pline continues to be exerted 
in terms of prices. 

COMMENT Kenneth Fleet 

Markets still hanker 
for EMS discipline 

The markets should not have been 
surprised at Mrs Thatcher’s latest 
assertion ofher veto of sterling’s entry 
into the exchange rate mechanism 
(ERM) of the European Monetary 
System before the next election. Yet 
the pound fell sharply early in the day, 
gilt-edged lost 2% points and the 
discount houses scurried for cover. 

The explanation lies in the manner 
of Mrs Thatcher’s rejection. Gone was 
the earlier and logical charge that the 
fear of a Labour Government might 
visit a weak pound on the Tories in 
advance. North Sea uniqueness was 
played down, since the foil in oil prices 
has now been fully discounted in the 
pound-mark rate. Instead, the Prime 
Minister admitted that the economy 
was not yet strong enough to live with 
the standards set by the Germans. 

The unspoken corollary is that 
sterling is not strong enough to live 
with the lira or the Belgian franc 
either, offering ammunition for many 
an Opposition apologist over the 
coming months. 

Dealers, however, inferred that the 
Prime Minister win be reluctant to 
defend sterling by raising interest rates 
in the event of a not-unprecedented 
winter run on sterling — though 
interest rales would, as usual, have to 
go up in the end. The economy 
remains weak in the sense that 
inflation is rising and trade foiling into 
the red. But the last impression Mrs 
Thatcher should give is of accepting 

this situation. Impressions of 
permissiveness in Downing Street are 
self-f ulfilling. 

A timely study by Dr Gerard Lyons, 
of the securities group. Savory Milln, 
raises the interesting possibility that 
Mrs Thatcher’s latest “no” may not be 
the end of the matter. 

If the Bundesbank follows Japan in 
reaching a deal with the United States 
over currencies and interest rates, the 
fear of undue steriing-dollar fluctua- 
tion within ERM would be removed. 
The French are promoting such a deal 
and have offered some (though not 
enough) concessions on exchange 
controls. Such a deal could provide a 
safe open window for Britain’s entry, 
perhaps just before Mrs Thatcher calls 
the election. 

That, Dr Lyons reasons, could 
deliver a timely cut in interest rates by 
removing the risk cost of holding fast- 
fluctuating pounds. 

That projection might be logical but 
seems unlikely. Mrs Thatcher, in 
offering to reconsider the position 
after an election, appears to be taking 
the pragmatic view that it is more 
important to win a third term than to 
worry about economic propriety. 
Once the election is won, discipline 
must return with the aid of the ERM. 
That is understandable, but a fait 
accompli on fixing starling would 
have provided a wholesome challenge 
to Labour’s more lax financial ideas. 

The kindest cuts of all 

The Prime Minister's admission 
that she is considering reducing the 
top rate of income tax from 60 per 
cent to 50 per cent is symptomatic of 
how the pattern of tax reform world- 
wide has moved on since the Conser- 
vatives brought down the top rate 
from 83 per cent to 60 per cent in their 
first Budget in June 1979. 

Nowadays 60 per cent is beginning 
to look almost as out of line as 83 per 
cent did in 1979. In particular, the US 
intention to cat its own top rate to the 
same level as -Britain’s basic rate 
suggests that, for from increasing 
taxation on the better-off as Mr 
Hatterteey proposes, there is a strong 
case from the point of view of 
international competition for reduc- 
ing our top rate. Like other markets, 
the market for skille d manpower is 
becoming global. Britain has to com- 
pete in terms of its tax regime as well 
as in the excellence of its theatre. 

I£ despite the imminence of an 
election, the Chancellor were to cut 
the top rate in his next Budget, then 
the case for a restructuring of all the 
higher rates would be strong. At 
present there is an unnecessarily large 
number of steps, with different rates 

every 5 per cent, from 40 per cent to 
60 per cent 

Bringing down the top rate would 
not be very demanding of revenue. It 
would be more demanding of political 

The Prime Minister in her inter- 
view in the Financial Times was 
careful to emphasize that “the most 
urgent thing at the moment is the 
people at the bottom.” For them the 
most attractive change might be an 
increase in personal allowances. But 
that is becoming less true now than it 
used to be. The change in eligibility 
for social security benefits, due from 
April 1988, makes the poverty and 
unemployment traps caused by the 
interaction of tax and benefit scales 
less adverse than before* 

Politically, a cut in the basic rate has 
much more appeal than increasing 
allowances. But a few dollars off the 
oil {nice could make the whole 
question fairly academic by March. 
Public spending, as the Prune Min- 
ister remarked, is “higher than we 
would have wished.” If It really is 
going to be soundly financed, as she 
re-emphasized it would be, then the 
scope for any tax cuts is likely to be 

Can yo 

a race 

to who looks after 
your £100,000? 

All too many investors suffer an 
unwelcome surprise when they visit their 
financial advisor. 

They find their familiar investment 
manager has disappeared only to be 
replaced by a stranger. 

When you are investing sums in 
excess of £100,000 you are entitled to 
expect better treatment. 

A perfect cue for us to present our 

assign you a senior investment 
manager who, with the support ofhis 
team, will manage yourinvestments and 
advise you on a continuous basis. 

They have our worldwide merchant 
banking knowledge to draw on as well as 
our 80 years of experience. 

In a world where investment 
managers are merging with stockbrokers 
and share dealers, Singer & Friedlander 
remains reassuringly the same. 

If you have sums in excess of 
£100,000 to invest, and would like to 
know more about us, telephone or write 
in confidence to either John Hodson 
or Michael Melluish (both are executive 

We will then, if you so wish, either 
arrange to meet you or send you our 
booklets, which will give you a more 
complete picture of the unique way in 
which we work. 

Singer & Friedlander. 
01-623 3000. 



»£§ rSSBis- » §&3§»> 

And our profits on groceries and food 
products increased to £25-2 million, up by 40% 

The Groups profit before taxation for the financial year to 
30 August 1986 rose by 28% to £ 90.8m compared with £ 70.8m for the 
previous year. External sales increased from £ 1,314m to £ 1,414m. 

This further substantial increase in profits over 1985 was due to 
improvements in all aspects of the Group’s business. Mr Kipling, our 
packaged cake business, again produced excellent results. The Grocery 
division achieved record profits, helped by the development of new 
products, successes in its soft drinks business and recent acquisitions. 

Our milling and bread baking interests jointly achieved profits 
considerably ahead of last year, within which British Bakeries produced 
results which amply justify the investment programme embarked upon 
some five years ago. 

The General Products division, operating in such diverse markets 
as dairy products, mushrooms, chocolate, food mixes and pasta, showed 
further improvement and its growing retail catering operations recorded 
excellent results. 

Results from our Overseas operations were ahead of last year with 
a return to encouraging profits from the United States. Profits emanating 
from the Pacific Region were likewise ahead, but in sterling terms, suffered 
from adverse exchange movements and were marginally down on 1985. 

The directors recommend a final dividend of 4.49 pence per 
Ordinary share, an increase of 30 per cent over last year’s final dividend. 

With the interim dividend already paid, dividends total 6.61 pence 
per share, making an increase of 25 per cent in the total dividends 
for the year. 

Chairman, Sir Peter Reynolds, said:- 

Trading results for the first two months of our year are well 
ahead of last year and I expect this encouraging trend to continue. 




External sales 



Profit before taxation 



Funds employed 

£53 2m 

£5 12m 

Return on funds employed 



Net tangible assets per Ordinary share 



Earnings per Ordinary share 


15. 5p 

Dividends per Ordinary share 






The 1986 Annual Report will be available from 9 December, if you wish to have a copy please write to: The Secretary. Ranks Hovis McDougali PLC. RO. Box 178. Alma Road. Windsor. Berks SL4 3SI 

v : ^ 




Yesterday was a red letter day 
a I Ranks Hovis McDougalL 
The managing director, Stan- 
ley Metcalfe, unveiled an 
impressive set of annual fig- 
ures on the 30th anniversary 
of his arrival at the company. 

, Profits were ahead in local 
ctmrendes in aU the divisions 
and, - significantly, bakeries 
which ha ve been a rod far the 
management’s bade for many 
years moved back into profit 
No doubt spurred on by 
cries that in the past RHM 
did not provide enough 
information for analysts to 
get their teeth into, the group 
gave its first post results 
presentation, giving amrmg 
other things a breakdown of 
divisional profits. 

Cynics might say that now, 
with the existence of two 
stakes, RHM needs to be fully 
understood by those who 
may soon be -called on to 
detennixK its fete. 

The management team has 

worked wonders in the last 
few years, improving the 
returns on what are essen- 
tially low growth businesses. 

However, with number one 
or number two slots in 20 
leading branded products, 
there is a sound base on 
which to build. 

Rationalization, disposals 
and strategic acquisitions, 
have pushed pretax profits 
per employee up from £784 
million in 1982 to £2,60S 
million, between 1982 and 
fins year. 

Over the same period, 
return on capita] has risen 
from 1X5 per cent to more 
than 20 per cent and trading 
margins have widened from 
2.9 per cent to 6.9 percent. 

Overseas, currency move- 
ments eroded most of the 
growth. However, the US is 
in much better shape. Indeed, 
it is in this area that RHM is 
most likely to make a large 

With £36 million of net 
borrowings representing a 
mere 12 per cent of 
shareholders’ funds, the bal- 
ance sheet allows room for a 
sizeable purchase worth 
about $200 'million (£140 

A deal which would dflute 
earnings per share or affect 
the dividend payout would 
not, however, be considered. 

RHM should make £107 
million this year. Ignoring 
bid speculation, the shares on 1 
a p/e ratio of J 1.2 times, still 
have plenty of potential. . 1 


«nn JgB*-— 

* RHUQ3»> 


110 ■■ ISSS 

Fwifnwfcqi Lrafnratt— tMtOMMCoo fcrSusenaia 

Oct 20 Oct at Jan 22 FabZ^ 

Nova Nov 14 Feb 5 Feb 18 

NO* 17 Nov2B Feb IS M*r2 

CM mtona wwetafno oat « 19/11/86 Audlotronfc. TrfcemnoL Feninfl. Lister* Co. 
BOMS, Hughee Food!, Bouton Wnj. SdcmMl Atlantic ftnourew. Laotian Sees, Poly 
Pocfc, Sound DMtaton, Conroy, Morgan GrenfeO. Tetephon# Renata, UWfcnv, 
Bowatar. CentioWrtU, St Mowm. Deftn, Plwartx Props, Oraenmcti, PotymaA 
Womtttooal, Bodcington Brew. Control Sec*. 



1 : /; Silva 


Ctaaring Banks It 

Hosnce House ii 


VTA _ 

Avana Group 

^Wetokl you 

the announcenKnt of Ava- 
na’s interim results and a 3Qp 
faflm fee share price to 504p. 

Looking forward to the frill 
year, it tooJcs as if fins former 
whizz-kid of the food mamt- 
fectnring sector will be hard 
pressed to beat last year's 
pretax profits of £20 mufion. 

This is not surprising since 
1985/86 profits were boosted 
by a £2 million profit from 
miscellaneous share rfeaTjng s 
and an unusually kigecomri- 
bntion from the Dutch asso- 
ciate. Having made £1.2- 
rnilHon in 1985/86 fins 
business is unlikely to do 
more than break even in the 
fifil year. 

Looking further ahead, 
Avana’s chairman and chief 
executive. Dr John Randall 
acknowledges that the group 
needs to break out of its 
traditional grocery-related ar- 
eas. Consumer spending on' 
long fife groceries is in decline 

UsuaDy group capital expe- 
nditure is £10 million a year. 
However, as part of the move 
into related but otherwise 
new areas, Avana is fined up 
to spend an additional. 
£12 million over the next two 
to three yeans on two new 
projects in the UK or 

Until more details on these 
projects are forthcoming, the . 
shares will continue to attract 
sellers particularly since they 
stxll enjoy a premium rating. 


Whitbread’s interim profits 
were sfightiy ahead of market 
expectations and were addit- 
ionally flattered fay aob- 
ounting changes. 

_ The inchmon for the first 
time of £2.8 million property 

profits above fite line and the 
capitalization of£l million of 
. interest swelled fire pretax 
figure to £79.8 million. 

The company's decision to 
1 follow the capitalization exa- 
mple set by food retailers 
stems from its increasing 
expenditure, on large projects 
like country dubs. 

The major boos t to th e 
figures came from brewing. 
Profits were 118 per cent 
higher on turnover up 7 J per 
cent Beer volume in Britain 
was 1.1 percent higher in the 
period, but Whitbread man- 
aged to keep its safes in front 
. and pick up market share. 

cent o^total beer sales, well 
ahead of industry lager sales' 
at 42 per cent of fee total 
Higher margin lager was a 
factor in the near one 
percentage point increase ini 
beer margins.. 

The .disappointment was 
Ninth America where the 
distortion of the 19 per cent 
increase in Federal. Excise 
Tax in October 1985 was still 
feeding through the system. 
The overall spirits market 
was down fay 8 to 10 per cent 
in the first half and Whit- 
bread sales suffered along 
with competitors. 

However, stockpiling ah- 
ead of the tax increase now 
seems to be out of the system. 
Sates have been recovering 
strongly in fee second half 
imUcitum about half of fee 
first half’s downturn should 
he recouped by the year end. 

Whitbread's shares suf- 
fered with the market dosing 
Up down at 259p. The 
prospective p/e ratio, assum- 
ing full-year profits of £160 
mflfian, is only 9.4. 

Fears of the Monopolies 
Co mmi ssi on in the UK and 
tire downturn in America 
look overdone. 


Ttnve Month Sh>Hm ' Opw 

Dec 86 MBS 

Mar 87 8MB 

Jun87 89.20 

Sep 37 8923 

Dec 87 ML03 

Mar 88 3871 

Previous daf* total aeon Moral 
Ttanw north fiurodotor 

Dec 86 , saM 

Mur H7 9MB 

ta JunB7 „ — . — 93.88 

T S«>87 935* 

US Treasury Bond 

, Dec 88 98.18 

Mere/ 97Z1 

Jun 87 — .. . . . . — 97-05 

M . Urn totem WVM 

B87D 8657 88 JST 3079 

8889 8X79 88B1 - 1308 

8023 89.13 8018 548 

8026 83.17 8018 135 

88.03 - 3080 8002 104 

8871 8871 - 88LBP 4 

Pr eatauBd* y >total open W ei e at 2S027i 
8097 8333 9307, 1784 . 

mm 9097 .. 9«i2 an. 

8X93 . 9087 9093 272 

9070 -goes son iss 

Piwdoue dn^s Mta open tatanst 4030 - 
90-09 9W» OT24 0B39 • 

98-09 37-21 93-11 83 

97-05 07-05 97-14 1 

start on 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 




Mar 87 

Jwi 87 , — 

Sep 87 


Dec 86 

Mar 87 

pruvtousOays total open Merest 832 
9526 95-28 85-12 109 

V •= . • 5 s 

ftvferadsy'stottSanan Merest 184*7 
107-21 107-21 .106 8 106-14 25706 

107-23 107-28 106-10 106-20 585 

NfT — . 10620 0 

Previous «£« total open interest Z793 
16050 16L40 15950 1KL70 904 

18300 16350 16250 18350 19 


Adas & Commoy 


CHaok Sawngst 

Consolidated Crds 

Cooperative Bank 

C. Hon & Co — 

Hong Kong & Stnghs 
Lloyds Bwk — : 

M i»» • -a- 


Royal Bank id Scotland. 

Citibank NA 









— -11JD0% 

t Mortpvr Bate Rate. 

This advertisement is issued in compliance with the requirements of the Council 

of The Stock Exchange. 

Application has been made to the Council of The Stock Exchange for the whole 
of the ordinary share capital ofSUMIT pic. issued and to be Issued, to he admitted 

to the Official List. 


(Registered m England Number 1462312) 



Albert E. Sharp & Co* 

1,450,000 ordinary shares of £1 each at 135p per share 

£ 14,000,000 ordinary 
shares of £1 each 

Share Capital 

Issued and to be 
issued fully paid 

SUMITs objeciive is io provide capital to unquoted companies with growth 
potential and proven management 'm order to finance corporate development or 
to assist in management buy-outs. 

Listing particulars relating io the Company have been circulated in the Extel Statistical 
Services and copies of such particulars may he obtained from fee Company Announcements 
Office. The Stock Exchange. London E*C2P 2BT until 21 st November. and during 
normal business hours on any weekday iSaturday excepted) up to and including 

4ib December. I9h6 from; 

Albert E. Sharp & Co. 

Edmund House. 

1 2 Ncwhail Street, 

Birmingham B3 JER 


6/7 Queen Street. 

London EC4N ISP 

OtaBowi ItaM Lows % 
OwntatiiHtate 11 LOWS 

watacffireftfDX . 

Trenanr tm (mcount %) 


3mrth 10" W 3mnth 1 D*m 

Pitoi Bank BBt ntoeouni w 
1 Kttfi 10"»-1 to 2mnth ItW-IO 2 ^ 
3mrth nN3*-io”w6mntH 

1 imth 11 *h 2mnti 1HI 

Xtatah Ii«aa CmnHi 11* 

1 week 1QK-1QK 6 mnttt 11%-11'w 
1w«i HT»iB-waw9mntti 11H-11X 
amnth iiBwiix l2ntail1K-11K 

aj A iss d * Dw ?ar , ,o* 

1 mnth 10% 3mnth 11X 

Simtfi 11H ttmm 11X 

Uxaa tanwita— ta (%) ' 
imnm 2 ratal 11K-11K 

Smfflh 1156-11 6 ratal lio-il 

Omntn 1156-11 12 mb 11X-11 


1 ratal 10K-1OX 3 ratal 1156-11K 
8 ratal 11X-11X 12 Mb 1156-11 

1 ratal 6A5-&00 3 ratal 555-550 
8m«i 55SF550 12m0i 6.10455 



7 days 4 »w4> m 
Scarab 4K-4H 
Franc b FHtaC 
7 days 7K-7X 
3 ratal 8X-756 
a w toafTrsi i e 

7 draft Mi 
3 ratal 4-3* 


7 days 456-416 
3 ratal 4 ,, w-4*i« 

I 6-6 X 
I B'i»5 b m 

■ 4X-6K 
I 456-4K 

I 7%-n 
i ex-8 

i 3K-3 
i 4-354 
i 4 i 'w4*m 



Fbsd Rate Starting Export Fbianoa IC1 
Scheme (V Arnma re famnee rata tor P 1 
interest partod Ocktaer 8. 1986 to 
October 31. 1986 indutave; 11537 par 



Argentina austral* . 

Australia dour 

Bahrain cflnar.. 

Brazl cruzado* 

Greece taactma 

Hong Kong dolar - 

bxfia rupee. 

Iraq daw 

KuwahdnarKD — 



New Zealand dtatar. 
Saudi Arabia r(yta — 
Singapore dotar — 
SataT Africa rand _ 



— 15827-15396 

— 220402^073 

— 03550-05990 

— 0230041740] 

— 85635-75235 

— 19555-19755 


— 04185414% 

— 359003.7100 



— 5522055620 

— 210232.1060 

— 216482.1813 



Sweden — 



West Germany 
Swttzartand X. 



Da Be an 

. 15525-1 5555 f?32) 

. 2.1840-2.1850 
. 15827-15832 
. 75425-75475 
. 25056-25065 

1 MK.1 HUE 

860 106 125 — 8 23 — 

700 75 100 115 17 45 60 

750 45 75 90 40 70 80 

BOO 20 50 70 80 100 115 

Hang Kong , 
Portugal — 
Spain ... — 


— 75425-75475 
. 15875-15685 
.25BSS2288S . 

. 956O0-&555O I Glaxo 
. 1 8850-16270 P89« 
. 13835-13895 | 

— 4157-4172 I 
. 7 J91 0-7.7930 
. 14850-14850 
. 13555-13550 

— 14.10-14.12 j 






2 — 






2 % 

6 6 






18 17K 





31 32% 42* 

Rates supplad by BsKley» Bank HOFBt and ExtaL 

November 19. 1906. Total contnets 47666. CaBa 30071 . Pute 17794. 

FT-SE Indax. Cate 1002 . PukSSBO 

*U«tertying eec uri ty price- 

After 50 years in 
the City only the 

leading role will do. 



S it*#: 







.WjHWIiliWi 1 1 1111 mi 11 

In the Cityeveiy day is like an audrtioa 
Bache Securities has provided our clients in the UK 
and in Europe with successful performances in the 
business of investing for over half a century. 

Mfe have recently achieved another major 
triumph in London. 

As sole sponsors of Jonathan Millers pro- 
duction of The Mikado we take great pride in our 
association with the ENO and the staging of this 
unique production. 

Prospects for the future look excellent Not just 
for the Mikado. Our clients can also expect to receive 
the same <»mmitinent to excellence. 

The application of sound advice and innovative 
thinking by Bache Securities is individually designed 
and directed to earn your investments rave reviews. 

Bache Securities 

International offices: Amsterdam Athens Brussels Buenos Aires Chiasso Cologne Dusseldorf Frankfurt Geneva 
Hamburg Hong Kong London Lugano Luxembourg Madrid Monte Carlo Montevideo Munich New York Pam 
Rotterdam St Croix St Thomas San Juan Singapore Stuttgart Tokyo Zurich and oflSces m all major Canadian cities. 
AfEHaces m Melbourne and Sydney 

i g.3 §» > 




Bill Otter Gang rw 

BU 0 On rang «a 

Bet Otter Chng ™ 

abbey ukt trust hammer* 

W. NoiMua Ra. Bonemti m sal 
0345 717373 (Unfeknel 

Rnxicul I2S-S 130.7 

Smear Coe mb ***• 

Da mam MkQ 1594* 

Hgn income ©0 704 

Man tattoBo me 
Do * « 

Norm Amon 


14*0 1594* 
©0 704 
7*3 SIM 
ss.7 eaj 
1059 11ZJ 


809 865* 

Buoat*gra»i«*w* QfM BiT 

Tto 3BX> Barov LonCd EC2» 2JT 
01 588 2868 

WK-wn-P me S09 54.1 

Gararai W (4) 
Do Aaun (41 
tacoma Fund pi 
Do Acorn a 
ms me ill 

Da Acam (71 
Smator inc (51 
Do tecum (Si 

50 9 54.1 
2243 233.7c 

3sa? ras 

104 3 109 4* 
186.3 ISS.4 
133.7 1393 
17TB 1853 
E12-I7 1231 
£1236 1375 


190 .Watt (torn a OHflM 02 2PA 
041-382 3132 ^ 

125. MWl Hotoom. IHM WC1V BP* 
01-242 1148 

CS Jflpin RM 


01 9C , ^B V * T ' W u n *‘" T ' *“® ®* 8 

Omwtn 2807 3008 -08 285 

nOTU 330.0 3507 -08 374 

l?U 2239 2302 *04 020 

Norm Amancan 1480 1533 -13 008 

QtaM 51-4 64.4 *0.8 033 

EKtMSi 559 382 *12 128 

SOS 008 *2.4 090 

nu a rtt ad on me 

Do tecum 
I n c o me On me 
Do Accra 
Some* core lac 
Do team 

442 470 
441 482 

41.1 432 

43.1 448 

fear we*. Tonnage. TN9 lav 
0732 381144 

temnem 1045 I12S* -04 JH 

Amm Easy Mcanm 302 37.7* *0.1 an 

PO to 351 9 BMl 
01-071 0011 

Mart* Under* ECS 7JO 

382.4 3809* *09 193 
2829 3001* *09 425 
2979 3108 -04 091 

Norm American 2979 3108 -04 091 


1. Km Wee St. EC4N 7 All 
Of-62) 8314 

on That 843 959* -091293 

Amm Srncto 5BS 545 595 -09 072 

Aiamee 308 329* -03 131 

Firwwra 443 *SS -02 090 

feTtoTtoe 34S 37.0* -02 495 

(3* X Rued K 244 298 -0.1 1091 

Gram & mean* 9*2 '015 -09 4.73 

•lagan SeedM Sb 38.1 408 -04 .. 

ij3t i*2 j 4i .. 

Hmgn n 138.7 1*43 -as am 

Vd Guii Epuny *1.1 879 -02 521 

P wto aWA M 3l 322 3*9 -02 « 

Soud* Eeet AM 399 419* -09 031 

SpedM SB <708 1832 -09 09* 


Z Fom Sire#. London ECZY SAQ 
01-583 1815 

in. Fuad 413*3 - - 440 

FbuM irt 13X25 - . J0J3 

Deacu 100.0 .. 1020 


72/73 BtolntfeU SWA Loeoni 6C» 50P 

01-808 6822 

S 8 C Sped* SB S7.8 80S ..090 


Z For* Street. London EC2V 5AQ 
01-368 1815 

B.OMB]r'8t London EC3A BAN 

American Eton! 53823 3882* -393 198 
JnwiExamf* 6ISS 4319 *813 09* 

AmPnxnriyTH £0000.0 .. 5« 

Properly True! E20239 • . ■ 590 


Niirev. Ram. Mea l BS2 091 
0803 373*0 

Amar Grom 2*4 250 

fcuucy H^n Incane 433 *59 
EbTOOW Oromp 309 319# 
GonerN Count 389 *09 
GR 8 Rred M 00t 28.8 233 
QR A Fta*o me OA 08 
index Sacuntra 20 259 
mo Inc Tit 

Jaoan Gram 32.1 3*9 

PotBgre* 00* 2*9 239 

*0.1 190 
-0.1 *90 
*0-1 290 
-02 290 
-ai 390 
-at 850 
.. 240 


X Lonecn Wan Bags. London Wen. London 
01-828 5181 

Ainer S Gen Me 2199 2^2 -02 .. 

Do Acam 22*4 2324 . . ■ • 

Amer TunrnmO me 2002 Si 2 *02 12 

Do Acam 2179 2289 . - 122 

CMIUTMDV: 2»8 21SS -£* 23Z 

Do Acam 24XA361S -MEg 

Conv 3 OB Inc 879 K1 . . 422 

Do ACCUCT 1179 123.8 . - 532 

Extra Inc Til me 188.* 1740 -0.4 *94 

Do Aoam isa* 1909 -a* 39* 

(ncOTATTuel 1149 12*9# -02 40D 

Do Accra 1244 1338# 420 

UQswtiFdlnc «29 1714# -02 .. 

Do team HOD 1904# . . . . 

Japan 5 Sen me g-0 ££ 

Oo Acorn 889 S39 *02 097 

Cartu let me 
DO Acoan 

Do Acorn 

Do Acorn 
Extra me Tat me 

Do Acorn 
Income Thao 
Do Acam 
mi Qowbi Fd me 
Do Acam 

Japan « Ora toe 
Oo Accrat 

Wormy Income Fd 839 57.M -42 

D ec o iigy 
Do Aoum 
Euronaan me 
Do Accum 
Ftnraari me 
Do Acam 

1*79 1589 
ISO* 1889 
649 884 
8*9 864 
<72 *48 
472 #L8 

161. cneapeo*. London E£2V 6EU 
01-728 IMS 

Evil mcQtnB 


ER Smsgy 

489 524 
1859 17S0# 
188.7 1789 
55 9 57 7# 

Qrowdl hin ■Wit 2819 2989 
Income & Grrato 41.7 44.1# 

Jeoanaea Grram 177.1 U79 

Ntrt MW GrooBl loss 112.7# 

MOReoMry 1139 «14 

Smasar Go's 2229 2369 

OoobI ine T* BBS 6*5 

Soeoai Ski Ace 2899 3089 

Otter Cans Do 

DC Aceorn 

H Aii wnc m me 
Do Mam 
Do Aco m . . 
i to 081X1 Portom 
ffinalir Cos me 

oe osar Gang no 

*70* 2949 *14 OCR 

SU »13 *15 098 

11*9 1315# *0-1 121 
ffll 14699 *02 121 
1289 137.7# -0.1 r*a 
1K9TBS9# -0.110 
non JU .. 397 

1199 1283 *0.1 2-13 

127.1 «A *41 2.10 

SB QM Ctag VH 

UK SoadNto IreM 
GmfliQB 982 ni 

Smaaer Co's 1*2-2 1509 

UK Market Ftomne 8*1 0B2 

00 ton 884 834 


Mwwged few 

389 382# 
58.1 819 

Mgn Inrom e Fuada 
Extra me 572 80.7 

GB 243 259 

toe 8 Brmfli 2019 209# 

Nat Ikon me 1989 2089 

Pre» 30m 175 i84# 


Crttoi houae. wownp 0U« »»» 

04882 5033 

Han meorne Duel 2479 2829 
SStolW SO.0 2SOZ 
Amercon True! 1272 1868 

Raw*. Surrey RH2 B8L 

Raman. Surrey I 

07372 *2*2* 

UK rncone 479 509 .. 447 

UK Growm Accum 47J 619 *fl-1 24) 

DoOS *7.7 51.0 *41 243 

Eurtawan GiMh S5S 05 -42 193 

PKMcGnwar 921 63.7 +45 .. 

I ‘V i' 1 "' Jr 

Hgh mcome Tna 
G# 6 Fixed tor 

Tel or m* Thab 
Spaotol 90 TraM 
Nm ArrmrTmar 
Far Easnm Trust 

mo Growth 

SL George HN CD 

020) 553231 
UK Groonh Accum 
Do fnctvrii 
MJgfwr Inc Acnxn 

749 70.7# -43 346 
7*9 799# -41 598 
483. 514 -02 82* 

■87 73.1 
759 799 
50.4 832 
893 95.1 
53.1 90S 

-02 82* 
+09 197 
+41 238 
+43 798 
+42 048 
+43 1.14 

M 5 Fixed to* 
OcMh Equity 

1 BL Coventry CW 

ncpwiy Store 
Smaaer Conner* 
Sxnpaen Thai 

1089 1129 -04 892 

19X7 2059# +48 212 
2740 2747 -19 288 

1451 1525# -At 127 
2*43 SS.1# +49 099 
2764 2919 -19 128 

2171 22990 +44 188 
amj 2854 -14 098 


1409 1602# +41 IBS 
1273 1353# .. 183 

3484 28X3# -03 4.74 

PO Bqk 4*2. 32 & Ma yW . Londwi EC3P 

(03839 93384 
Gi£?FtoaaJM Fund 

445 475a 

-XI 100 

810 80S 

.. 1002 

Hgner Inc 

1215 1X0 

+0.1 403 


510 544 

+03 303 


286.7 28X2 

-10 100 



Percy Mara. CopM AM. B2H 7BE 

Qi-SB 2800 

tocutre FUnd 

4450 4840 

.. 520 

to# xtoorei A Gel 

26&5 2812 

.. 10) 







28X3 2822 

-27 200 

4180 4482 

-42 206 

Do tooora 

81.4 862 

-xa 450 



7S.1 710 

1097 116.70 

-1.1 105 
-10 077 

OR Too! 

eai 711# 

-00 806 

D-gm* Eqoty 

837 880 

-02 100 


87.8 72.10 

-20 248 

N AltormRaM 

810 870 

+00 1-53 

(K SpvcW Sto 

eza axs 

-12 1.16 

mixiKhUM u«v 

460 480 

.. 7-01 

Japarraa T« 

48.1 512 

.. 098 

-ai aoo 

Managad T# 

470 no 


ttogaaws Dpi OomgBy^M WCnNag. w 

0444 460144 


1800 182.1# 

-ai 321 

Do teeixn 

32X9 384.7# 

*07 221 

Carr) Em Inc 


Do Acam 


I! 300 
.. 3-DO 

B S? JvSn 

540 G70 
600 840 

Extra inonma 

1582 1889# 

-02 E22 

Do 4am 

2903 mua 

-09 532 

Bam OR Inc 

73.4 moe 

-02 026 

Do Acaan 

730 782# 

-02 028 


2700 2872# 

-00 407 

Do Acaan 

5420 57710 

-05 *07 

M Tscti 

18X0 1872# 

+09 023 

Do Acaan 
ton Growth 

Do Acaan 

1944 20600 
7SJ3 80.1 

♦OJ 021 
+0.7 002 

7X5 U4 

+00 002 

N Am ar X Get 

1032 100.7 

♦05 1.13 

Do Acam 

1110 11X5 

*00 1.13 

PucAc Bam 

mi M10 

+0.8 02B 


MSS 147.7 

*00 038 

amator Co* & fee 

193.1 2050# 

-02 196 

Do Acaan 

21X1 2320# 

-02 108 

wottetev QrowVi 

2052 2180 

+09 052 

Do Actual 

2600 3069 

410 052 

UK Ommii Rato 

470 500 

.. 206 

082 52156 

Ganar# TTosr 

«7 452# 

4«.i am 

loeema Tnto 

362 860 

.. 620 
+0.1 070 

baarnadoriM Teal 

369 3X7 


327 347 

♦0.1 200 


441 4X6 

402 am 

Turn Ol tor 

3X7 320# 

-ai 230 

1 1)«ae Quays. TOvna HJ EC3R 8BQ 

1 01-828 «5B) 

| Anar A Gm toe 

2273 23X7 

-10 148 

'■ T- - 

• 7 

'-vl. * 

• m 

t.. £r<x^ 


■H >i»* 

■ * • '*tSt 

The prices m this 
section refer to 
Tuesday's trading 

• Ex Utnoond- c Cura efcridood. k Cum 
stock spat • Ex slock spa. m Cum oQ 
(any twoormoceof b&qm). aEx afl{any 
two or more of atXJwi). Deahng or 

valusoon days: (1) Monday. (3 Tuesday. 

a Wednesday. (4) Thursday. fSI Fnday. 

\ 25 th of month. (21) 2nd Thursday d 
month. (221 1st and 3rd Wednesday of 
month. (23) 20Sh of month (24) 3rd 
Tuesday at m onth. (25) 1st and 3rd 
Thursday ot m o n th. (25) 4tti Tuesday ot 
month (27) 1st Wedfiosoavol month. (2Q 
Last Thursday of momh. (29) 3rd working 
itay of month. (3® lethw month, pi) is 
working day of month. (32) 20th ot month. 
(33) is day of February. May, August. 
Nonwnbw. (3*) Last working day ot 
month. (35) 15th of month (35) urn of 
month. (37) 2is of month. [38) 3rd 
Wednesday ot month. (39) 2nd 
Wednesday ol month. (4® Vahied 
momrty. (41) Last Thursday of Stock 
Exchange account (42) Last day of 
month. M3) 2nd and 4th Wednesday of 
month. (44) Quarterly. (45) S9i of month 
(48) 2nd Tuesday o» month. 




MSi low Cwbmw 

Pncr Gran Wa 

Bd Qtor CknRitoe % Pf 

1 19© 


Cess nd 

i+w Uto Cvteait 

M We 

Ongvto D X P'S 

















2 J 


4 1 















































































41 ’1 
























































































































. 1 



145 • 





























3 33 

























































7.18 »7 























0 7l 
































♦ I 























1078 140 





e .. 







128 e-3 



» 0 





, . « 










































131 « 

73 U 
55 31 

7ffl H3D 

HI 30 

m bo 

3*0 UO 
136 65 

352 210 

160 9* 

150 78 
*7 35 

M 72 
1B5 100 
100 11 
60 32 

188 87 

155 ea 
128 95 

91 98 
IBS 155 
138 118 
40 10 

136 ai*» 

190 180 
98 S8 
290 133 
256 198 
47 a 
480 3835 
395 2935. 

150 143*1 
415 180 
205 45 

91 71 


1*0 105 
175 KB 
158 110 

33 a 

14 6<i 

185 115 
255 188 
230 13 
31 11 touc 
115 ** MS 
un GB 

353 190 , 

210 205 OH 

r n tow u 

365 23 JS 
MO 118 

a 2 

148 103 
120 73 

70 *8 JURA 

330 253 IOP 

92 67 Mm (J 

18 I8’i -I 

02 127 +5 

a a 

45 49 -3 

iS a *? 

S % 

U5 ISO -2 

75 BO 


» 90 +5 

'£ ? -i' 

w «o #-i 

142 147 -I 

1R 117 +3 

63 68 -2 

183 166 +2 

155 1® • .. 

a a -i 

IK 115 S 

as a* no 

.. .. as 

2S8 955 . 

.. ..159 

O 54 99 

79 O IIS 

27 21 21.0 

50 19 18J 

* 2 28 17.4 
X7 *7 .. 

2* 60 121 
59 57 152 

5.1 as iu 

a 35 

16 22 

307 312 +2 

40 *1 -l 

IDS 115 -3 

175 185 -5 

48 52 tt-1 

125 130 -3 

2U3 ZBS -3 

M 58 -2 


Kgjn La (toniMr 

„ warn 

. Ov W 

BC OOP Qigr Dcoo % Pf 


Hok Low Conner* 


net erv YW 

M Wte Dim o oo v Ft 

O 1.4 299 
11 59 119 

49 42 125 

O 89 120 
53 4.1 11J 

U 0.1 09 

11 11 M.I 
4J 3jQ HL2 
U 4j U 
M 45 115 
7* 45 14.1 
40 It 15.1 

54 a -2 

22 S* 

157 162 -1 

157 IK -5 

32 » -• 

is? m 

1(3 148 # 

19 19 

.. * .. 247 

.. 8 .. *1 

« a w 

Ub 2.1 75.1 
17 U 15 
U 4! 107 

17 25 224 

2S3 za 

44 48 

*50 *70 

3S0 *® 

MO 1® 

158 188 -2 

74 1 -1 

a 3B*J -3*1 

137 MO 

165 185 +2 

89 79 89 

15 19 550 

21 28 120 
89 10 199 

57 22 230 

1.1 24 170 

123 27 119 

123 It 155 

118 121 e-3 
31 'r 32*, -I 
7 n 

W 1ft -1 

186 e 
155 IB • 

11 14 -2 

65 90 *3 

65 90 *0 

220 235 m*t 
2CJ 208 -3 

a 23 -1 

MB Ip -7 

lie i|s #-2 

«B 107 

B 68 +4 

320 220 tom 
83 S3 Ml! 
113 SO Mufc-Tl 






























































1814$ 1 













































28 * +1 
x a -i 

84 a -z 
B* 67 +1 

177 177 -3 

no ia 
» a e+i 
h» iis 
ia t32 
163 167 
95 WO .. 
33 a +i 

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_ 200-1995 

Unometal prices 
Price In E per mettle tome 
Saver in pence per my exmee 
RudoK WON 0 Co. Ltd. report 

Vbl 2150 

Tone Barely Steady 


Cash 38900-390^0 

Three Months. 40000-10100 

Vol Mi 

Tone We 


Cash 38&5O-39O50 

Three Months . 4000040100 

VW N9 

Tone kfle 


Cash 78900-79000 

Three Months . 801.00-80100 

Vol 4050 

Tone Easier 


^Sh 2563-2568 

Three Months 2600-2605 

Vol 340 

Tone Quiet 

Sheep nos. ip 30 %. ave. 


Uve Pig Contract p. per kSo 



Close i 


98 DO 




96 JBO 










—* B 


Ptg Meat votO 

Spar tonne 

Open Close 
1130 113.0 

1580 1513 

1760 1720 

850 85.1 

101.5 100.0 

04 29 118 

I? 5J 39 

30 20 219 

10 83 1X5 

27 04 533 

1.1 22 4*8 

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70 30 Z7S 
36 29 189 

17 83 100 








Vo L- 




130.0- 290 

133.0- 290 


133 140 -2 ZJ 17 70? 

37 36 

GB 67 -1 10 20 301 

» 57 -2 

100 ■ HO 50 

*5 SO 07 15 80 

Suppbed via Con n nodi ly 
Market Services LM 

Dee .... 7800-785 

Jan - 78 75-79 0 


Aamge tatstock prices at 
representative maricats oa 
November IS 


Lira Cattia Contoael 

















Q9LL Freight Futures Ltd 
rapori 110 per index point 
hei glii Index 
HighAow Close 
Jan 87 7260-7200 . 724.0 

Apr 87 7BO0-75Z.O 7580 

Jul 87 674.0-6680 8885 

Oct 87 7620-7615 7S8.0 

Jan 08 — 7600 

Apr 83 876.0 

Jui 88 737.0 

Oct 88 885.0 

Vol: 270 tors 
Open Interest: 2050 

GB: Cattle, 81 -86p par kg hv 
G8: ^eep 167040 per kg- 



■est dead carcase weight 

England and Wales: 

Cattle nos. 141 1.1 %. ava. 

1 nos. down 72 %, ava. 

. 168.1 49(4-009) 
os, up 11.0%. aw 

on the nuddte uric# 

cane nos. down OA %. m. 

price. 91.42rt-l.22) 

Vol: 14 


Z per tome 























Wheat . 

, ..189 

Bariev .. 

Nov 88 

Dec 88 

Jan 87 

Mar 87 

Jun S7 

Sep 87 

Vol: 0 lots 
Open Merest 24 

Hign/Low Close 

Spot market commentary. 


9285-up 18.0 on 18(11/88 

Pry cargo index: 

7745 down 3.0 c 

3.0 on 18/11/88 



ACCOUNT DAYS; Dealings beganon November 10. Deali n g s end on Friday. §Contango day next Monday. Settlement day December 

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November 20, 1986 * 

F or the past 200 years 
Britain has been a manu- 
facturing nation. We led 
the world in the Indus- 
trial Revolution, and 
manufacturing continues to be an 
essential and irreplaceable part of 
our economy. The service in- 
dustries are, of course, important 
too, but on its own no sector can 
earn the foreign exchange nec- 
essary to buy aD the raw materials 
and other goods which we need. 
However, in general terms a 
greater proportion of manufac- 
turing output is internationally 
tradable than is the case with the 
services sector. 

Furthermore, many services are 
geared to the performance of 
manufacturing. So there are dear 
reasons for the Government's 
commitment to manufacturing as 
the major foreign currency earner 
of the economy. 

Today no company can sit back 
and rely on methods which might 
have served well 20 or even 10 
years ago. Hie world is rapidly 
chan g in g and there are new 
competitors, particularly from the 
Far East, which are industrializing 
fast and are hungry for the 
business that we have regarded as 
ours by right 

If we are to compete, as we 
must we need to have innovative 
design, high-quality, reliable and 
attractive products, and these 
have to be manufactured at a cost 
that is competitive and sold with 
determination and professional- 
ism. Only if we do this — and 
continue to do so year in and year 

out — can we face the long-term 
future with confidence. 

In recent years the go-ahead 
British companies have improved 
their performance by adopting the 
best manufacturing techniques, 
almost all exploiting the comput- 
ing power that Is now readily and 
cheaply available far shopfioor 

According to a recent Engineer- 
ing Computers survey, there has 
been a remarkable rate of growth 
of investment in computing for 
manufacturing systems. The total 
value of computers used in manu- 
facturing was £750 million in 
1983. This figure has grown to 
£2.5 billion today. Although this 
rate of growth is remarkable, we 
were starting from a low base and 
there is still a long way to go. In 
fact, almost 50 per cent of en- 
gineering companies with more 
than 20 employees have yet to 
invest in computerized stock 

British managers 

in manufacturing 
have the technology 
and techniques to 
meet today’s targets, 
says John Butcher 

stock turnover has doubled, 
m«Tiiifiir*iir|p fl lead times have 
been cut by a factor of five, rejects 

are down by 70 per cent and 
productivity is up 30 per cent by 

Crucial to this move towards 
computer-integrated manufac- 
turing is the ability of equipment 
from different computer and 
equipment vendors to commu- 
nicate. This is now becoming 
feasible through the implementa- 
tion of the latest communications 
technology incorporating manu- 
facturing automation protocol 
(MAP) and technical office proto- 
col (TOP) specifications. 

These will feature in the largest 
ever demonstration of what is now 
possible, in the CIMAP event at 
the National Exhibition Centre, 

Birmingham, from December f to 

CIMAP, which the Department 
of Trade and Industry is sponsor- 
ing, is an opportunity for senior 
managers to appreciate the scope 
for improving their company 
performance and also to help 
them recognize the associated 
skills they must develop. This is 
very much like the sort of im- 
plements non project 1 should like 
to see in factories in the coming 

I recommend a visit to CIMAP 
for anyone intending to be part of 
the manufacturing scene as we 
move into the next century. 

If CIMAP demonstrates the 
importance of communication be- 
tween machines, then it is also 
vital to have effective human 
communications between 
branches of a company. 

Companies need to use the tools 
modem technology makes avail- 
able. These provide the means for 

managing info rmation within the 

company in an integrated and 
effective way. AH functions within 
a manufacturing operation — de- 
sign, foianrgj marketing, produc- 
tion, maintenance and so on — 
need to intercommunicate if the 
company is to perform welL 

Salesmen need accurate tenders 
and delivery information to serve 
their customers. Accountants 
need prerase manufacturing costs 
to support financial control and 
management Designers need to 
work closely with marketing and 
production staff to ensure that 
goods that will sell are of the right 
quality at the right price. In short, 
a company must take a total 
systems approach to improving 
manufacturing competitiveness. 

By implementing the* approach, 
companies can make considerable 
improvements in their perfor- 
mance and substantial savings, 
often fora very modest outlay. For 
example, in one Lucas company 

this total systems ap- 
proach. TVe are now in a world 
where the technology is widely 
available; the competitive edge 
comes from how it is exploited. 

Ultimately, of course, success 
depends on the quality of the 
m a na g e me n t and workforce: high 
levels of skill are needed both to 
organize the company ’ ntn an 
effective team and to manage; the 
hardware and the information that 
is the lifeblood of the enterprise: 
Many companies have already 
taken steps along this road. Others 
-are still only starting out on the 
changes that are needed. These 
changes are not always easy. 

Little progre s s can be made 
without the endorsement of top 
management regenerating the 
whole manufacturing enterprise. 
They must motivate everyone to 
recognize where the company 
stands against its competitors, 
what strategic targets should be set 
and how they can be achieved. 
Easier said than done. And the 
demand for good manufacturing 
systems engineers is growing 
apace. Some companies may have 
these skills in-house; others will 
have to employ consultants to 
help them. - - 

There is a high and 
demand for this new breed 
engineers who wifi possess skills in 
production engmeering,^ systems 
engineering, and computing com- 

bined with an awareness of 
mechanical and. electronic en- 
gineering methods. Manufac- 
turing systems engineers have not 

been produced by the traditional 
production and mechanical en- 
gineering course. New ami more 
relevant multi-disciplinary 
courses have appeared at univer- 
sities and polytechnics as a result 
of a strong steer from industry. 

However, my own work on the 
IT Skills Shortages Committees 
and surveys by Nati o nal Eco- 
nomic Development Office and- 
the Engineering Council have 

suggested that we shall need many 

more engineers with this broad 
range of skills — perhaps half as 
many again. 

There is also a growing number 
erf Master of Science courses for 

those who are able to spend some 

time away from work. , 

But tite prime responsibility tot 
CET tots within companies ami it 
is within companies that the bdk 
of Tynrning occurs. Companies 
such as Jaguar operate com- 
pre h ensive- programmes of nam- 
ing at all levels indodmg top 
management, strategically 
planned to meet the company’s 
skill requirements over tire longer 
term. Such a commitment to 
T pii^Tpg has a dramatic inmact on' 
competitiveness and I should like 
to see all UK companies aspiring 
to the standards of the best in this 
field- s '_V 

The technology on winch a 

O f course, entry fevd 
qualifications are not 
the end of the story. 
The rapid pace of 
ri i m SEP in production 
methods and technology means 
that training and education must 
continue throughout working life, 
with individuals updating and 
upgrading their skills or changing 
them to new patterns ofdemandL 
Someof this co ntinui ng educa- 
tional training (CET) will be 
provided by the public educa- 
tional sector and there fa a range of 
options including the Open 
University's continuing education 
course on manufacturing and 
industrial applications of comput- 
ers, -where people can take the 
most relevant modules at their 

modern m? ITIi y^ w *" n g enterprise 
most be based is mereasmgiy 
available at a price that can be 
afforded, and people capable of 
understanding it, though stiH m 
short supply, are becoming 
available. - 

But perhaps the greatest chal- 
lenge is to the top managers, the 
decision-makers in UK manufac- 
turing companies. The 
responsibOisy lies within them, 
supported where necessary by 
government, to use to the full the 
opportunities dm tire new tech- 
nology and new management 
techniques provide. 

I am confidem that this is a- 
drellenge to which they will prove 
themselves more than equal 
John Butcher is an Undersec- 
retary qf State at the Department 


* _-j v r* ' 

. . f. 

.-5 r-Wfc-W 

of Trade and Industry 

2 i 

aflfS _ 


I.**-'* ini 

:e . 


•. ’Api 

The Royal Bank 
7llC of Scotland 

Estates Manager 

Salary Circa £18£00 

The Royal Bank of Scotland has a vacancy for an Estates Manager based 
in the Property Department in Edinburgh. He/She will report to the Senior 
Manager; Administration and Estates, but will require to work on his/her own 
initiative. Although based in Edinburgh the responsibility extends to all the 
Bank's properties throughout Great Britain and the successful candidate will, 
therefore, have to be prepared to travel. 

Applicants are likely to be in the age group 35/40, professionally qualified 
(RIGS — General Practice} and have experience both in toe field and in 
management. As the work covers the whole country, knowiedgefexperience of 
both Scottish and English law and practice is desirable, but not essential. 
He/She will control a small team based mainly in Edinburgh, but with London 

The successful candidate will be responsible for toe acquisition and 
disposal of properties both freehold and leasehold, renewal and reviews of toe 
Bank's tenants' leases and its leasehold premises, rent reviews, rating 
valuations and other general matters relating to Estates Management In this 
there will also be involvement with Estate Agents, Solicitors and Valuers. 

In addition to a competitive salary the post offers attractive fringe benefits 
including a Profit Sharing Scheme, Staff House Purchase facilities and non- 
contributory Pension Schema 

Applications and enquiries should be made in writing quoting reference 
PDE5 enclosing a full C.V. to: 


Personnel Manager 

The Royal Bank of Scotland pic 


42 St Andrew Square 

The Bank of Bermuda Limited 

(incorporated in Bermuda in 1 8901 


The Bank of Bermuda, an International Bank. Trust and Investment Management Company 
with assets exceeding USB 3 billion and 1200 employees in 5 worldwide locations is seeking 
experienced Individuals to assist in the worldwide Implementation of its Wholesale 
International Banking Systems. These individuals will head up an implementation in our 
overseas offices in Guernsey, Hong Kong, London and New York overseeing toe introduction 
of these bank-wide systems enabling all locations to be Gnked through an extensive 
International Communications Network to our centraftzed DEC VAX hardware and 
applications systems in Bermuda. Applicants should meet the foBowmg requirements: 

i extensive experience and understanding of financial banking systems with particular 
emphasis on General Ledger, Foreign Exchange and Money Market appfications. 

• experience In all aspects of imptemarrtation of complex computer systems. 

• an “eye for detafl" and an ability to get the Job done 

• good foterpersonal and supervisory skats. 

• willingness to relocate on temporary assignment to our overseas offices. 

The emphasis for these positions will be on camfidates with major implementation 
experience rather than computer systems technical ability. Previous operational experience 
in a Money Market or Foreign Exchange Processing Department would be an advantage. 

A competitive tax free salary and benefit package is offered for these positions as wen as an 
opportunity for a career in a progressive and growing financial services company. 

Applicants should apply in confidence by sending their resume or CV to: 

Mr Alastalr Macdonald Manager - Personnel 
Bank of Bermuda 

Minster House 12 Arthur Street London EC4R 9AB 

Interviews are planned for toe first week in December. Telephone enquiries may be 

made by calling 01-623 5551. 

Managing Director 

North a mptonshire 

Substantial salary negotiable plus fringe 
benefits and pension scheme. 

An experienced and professional manager 
is required to taka responsibility for toe 
activities of a sales and marketing 
orientated company. 

The essential requirements are extensive 
management experience including proven 
negotiating and communication skills, 
together with the abffity to monitor a small 
team of professional executives at Board 

A knowledge of French or German would be 
an asset 

The position reports to the Deputy 
Chairman of a dynamic and successful 
company In the shoe care industry. 
Applicants, male or female, -between the 
ages of 35 and SO should write to: 

The Chairman, 
Dunkebnan & Son Ltd, 
15 Jermyn Street, 
Piccadilly Circus, 
London SW1Y6LT. 



f.r ,44* 

. . . j^ift 

- - K# «• 


~ i ■ 

1 is. 

Small Envir onme nt 
Big Opportunities 

Corporate Finance Representatives 
to £l5,000+car+benefits 

K * need to be big to achieve success. And because our environment is 

we can offer ambitious Finance Representatives unrivalled opportunities. 
Working in a young, friendly and professional team, you must combine sales 
development skills with corporate hire purchase or commerdal mortgage experience, 
ideally gamed with an esta b li s h e d finance company or bank, and be able to contribute 

Right now^ we need experienced finance Representatives, aged under 30, to cover 
the South-Eastern quadrant of the M2S, but we’re also interested in raBring togood 
people throughout the country. Wecan offer you a demanding and stimulating career 
whore your talent will be recognised and career opportunities are exceptional 
We will negotiate an excellent salary to attract high-calibre candidates and salary 

prog r es s ion is geared to performance. A firy^class benefits package includes pennon 

scheme, subsidised mortgage and loan facilities. 

r, Middlesex HA9 



0) Allied Irish Finance 

A member of Allied Irish Bank Group 


Financial Sector 

Michael Page City, the major force in financial sector recruitment con- 
sultancy and part of one of the world's leading communications and 
consultancy groups, continues to expand. 





The company has a substantial market share in many areas, including: 

★ Insurance and Retail Finance Services 

★ Securities Sales and Trading 

★ A wide range of Banking and Investment Services. 

We now wish to appoint two further consultants, probably a 
who have particular expertise or interest in one or more of the ; 

We seek highly motivated individuals with first-class personal qualities and 
total commitment to client service arid the achievement of company and 
personal goals. Educated to degree standard, you should- ideally offer 
experience in either the financial sector or the recruitment business. 

In return we offer an excellent salary, generous profit sharing schemes and a 
full range of public company fringe benefits, together with excellent career 

Please write to Nigel Halsey, Managing Director, Michael Page City at 
39-41 Parker Street, London WC2B 5LH, enclosing full career details. 
Strictest confidentiality is assured. 

Michael Rage City 

International Recruitment Consultants -London Brussels NeWYbrk ftiris Sydney 

A member of Addison Consultancy Group PLC 

I You should have at least one ’A' level 
and want a chance to prove what you 
can do - given toe opportunity. 

We sell a proven recruitment service to 
Senior Managers in industry. 

i A basic salary is guaranteed. 

Please write or telephone CoGn Arnold 
for an application form: 

CoOn Arnold 

Beechwood Recruitment Limited 
221 High Street 

Tot 01-992 8647 






VI -1 4*i 




• j *.-< .^***''-&* 




r- . .. 

i "• 

! V.: 



a small HampsNm-based company, specialising h 
the production of w o H da tOgn ed studio and afflea 
furniture, have the following vacancies tor sa«- 
motfwBted. enthusiastic app lic an t *: 


Person required to run the general office and work 
ctosely with production staff and Directors. 
Applicants should have an understating of design 
and be able to take responefcttty and use their 
Wttattve. The should pu r le r ab ly have experience In 
sales and genera! office management with basic 
office skiis. 


This post to to assist with the production and 
introduction at new products. - also to help with \ 
developing our current range ot furniture. An 
apprec iation of vis ual desig n and experience jg 
production techniques esssntiaL 
For both posts aply in writing with Ml e.v. stating 
salary to: 

. ftoyc* Grey, Magpie Furniture Umftad 
Four Maka, Alton, Hampshire GU34SHN 

TEL: 0420 63535 



Whether you are seeking another job or 
considering a new career, we can provide you 
with efiedtve and professional help. 

Our service is taior-rnade to your needs and 
circumstances. With coverage of both advertised 
and imaduectised vacancies, we aim for more 
success -«i less line and at less cost _ 

For a free, confidents! discussion. Sewnr 
Executives home or abroad are mvitedto 
contact thar total office. 

•nt Support Network 

A\ Mainland Executive Services 


London ei-353 H)8Q 

023-643 2924 

Mtoctetor MUCH 5825 

Maidcnbnd K28-732Z2 

Nottingham 960? flWd 
Leeds 0532467424 

Sdabury $q. He., EGt 
22 Suffolk Street, B1 ILS 
Lloyd Sl, M2 SWA 
64 King Street SL6JEQ 
28 Commercial Rood. CIO 4SU 

9SmaBSovet, BSi JOB 
AB Cam. M.M. Way. Nd 6BH 
2 Oxford Rem, LSI 3BE 
19 Manor Pttnx, EH3 7DX 

c£l 2,000 NORTH WALES 

This well caablisbcd electronics ma n niae u wer is seeking an 
experienced Pinchoicrer. with u lew 2 years e xp e ri ence qf 
“•“-“I mdesirial . Preferably i»rth an cngnKrhne 

“ , uic candidate mH be a graduate aged up io 35. 

For farther infeemarion jfetse caH 
236 8ie; 

Mark Hawking on 01 
JAC Rccninnwat 

German Speaking 


for CroydoiHiasad Mematitnal Paper fin. 

— , orders and general office 
admin. Must be able to work on own initiative 
and have confident telephone manner. Typing 
necessary. . , 

Salary to £9,000 a.aue. 

. CONTACT: SaRy Tbonsoe, 01-680 5359 


Articulate, ertistic, numerate and charming 

company (18-24). In spite of the above, 
some occasional lifting also useful! 

Contact Tom iSeckfwick on 


\ly X&P 



It is the policy of the BBC, when seeking tofiS its most senior appointments, to 
consider applications from within and outside the Corporation. 

A successor is nowsought for Sheila Innes who is leaving to take up the post 
of Executive of the Of^riCoR^e. 

The Controller, Educational Broadcasting is the Corporation'schief adviser 
CnitlTDAl I en pneducafonal matters, and is responsible for the development and 

B n WLLtH jjpptementationofeducalkxialbcoadcastingmfcyintheffeid of School and 
Educational Broadcasting and fa meeting the B^'scomm^ 

tbe Controller will need to be experienced in the processes of broadcast 
production. An informed understanding of educational publishing and new 
technologies would be a definite advantage. 

Salary by negotiation. Based WestLoncton. 

Ptease write with c.v. to Christopher Matin, Director of Personnel, 

BBC, Broadcasting House, LotvfonWl A 1AA, to arrive no taterthan 
8th December 1986. 



External Services 
£11,492 — £15*805* 

news bulletins for broadcast round-the-clock to 120 mtffion people around the you feel yew couto make ausefticontrtoutiontothe production of some of 
toe two hundred news bulletins broadcast from Bush House every day, this may be 

^wj must have either worked abroad as a journalist, or handled international 
newsfor radio or newspapers in this country. You dotft have to have a second 
language, though it helps; you do need a thorough Knowledge of international 
curranumirs. And before you come for an interview, you should have listened to us 
on meefium wave if at aH posstote. You may be asked to take a subbing test 

Based Central London. (Ref.2948/T) 


English Programmes 
African Service 



Radio WM 
£10,412 — £14,725** 

Training Schemes 1987 


opportunity for Interviewring and writing for radio on a wide 

You should have a degreeorequivatent, experience of Africa through study or 
first-hand acquaintance, and a knowledge of journalism and radio production 
techniques. Whilst you wtu need to fit wen intoa production team supervised by a 
Senior Producer, you win need the ability to carry responstoility for tod'ividu a) 
programmes and programme items. 

Salary £11,492— £15.805*. Based Central London. (Ref.2924/T) 

To joto the newsroom team woriting primarily on the preparation and production of 
the station's news output and current affairs programmes, including newsreacfmg, 
interviewing aid reporting. In addition, you may produce feature programmes and 
take part in announcing duties. 

Journalistic experience at sub-editor or reporter level, good microphone voice 
and current driving licence are essential 

Based Birmingham. (Ref.291l/T) 

Television or Radio or External Services. Successful canttidates are likely to have a 
broadcasting. Competition is extremely keen, and we are looking for candidates 
with the potential to take ecStorial responsibility. 

Starting salary, not tess than £8,934 p. a. (Ref. 2906/T) 

. Starting salary; not less than £8,823 pa. 

(Ref. 1301 /T) 




We arean equal 
opportunities employer 


continuity suites, and cormol rooms which supply programmes for the 4 national 
radio networks and the External Services. SuccessfuTcandktetes wia be 18 or over 
and wiA combine artistic flarvyith technical aptitude, possess a considerable 
degree of manual dexterity, and have a wide general interest in the arts and current 
affairs. There is an initial training period of approximately one year. (This training 
scheme was previously known as the Studio Manager Training Scheme). 

Starting salary not less than £6.760 p.a, plus an 8% shift allowance after 
4 months. (Ref.2907/T) 

Application form s for the Training Schemes must be returned by Friday, 
12th December 1986 

Relocations expenses considered. 
*PlusaAowanceof£1 l 020pa.*PlusdkMBnceof£S97p^L 
Contact us immed ia tely tor appBcation form (quo te appr opri a t e rat. and enclose sa.e.) 
BBC Ap p o i ntment s , London W1 A lAA-TteL 01-9275798. 


CT2JI00 basic + Relocation exp. 

Co. based S. Wales. Manufacturing industrial 
diaphragm valyes for the Process Tndustries. 
Quote REF: 3257. 

To El 3,000 basic + car + 

Resident in Middx/Bucks with exp to 
electronics, connectors, semi-conductors, 
PCB's, components. Quote REF: 3082. 

£11,000 + car + 

Experienced in fire detection, security 
control systems based in Surrey/Sussex. 
Quote REF: 3119. 

£12,000 basic + car + 

Herts Co-sales of Process instrumentation 
equip to the food/water & wa ste/petro-chem 
and machinery industries. Quote REF: 3936. 

To £17,000 basic + Relocate + 

Berks based electronics Co. seeks exp 
Manager with know! of PCB's to lead sales 
team. Quote REF: 3273. 


£10,000 basic + car + 

Must have exp of greases, oils & self 
lubricating systems. Mech background. 
Oxford to SE Coast Quote REF: 3250. 

Please telephone to discuss our requirements or send your detailed CV- Quoting the relevant 

reference number to: 

01*808 3050 (24 hours) 


VRVM A |f|t| A V Our client is a -world leader in its field - 

X: ADI JN A JnA Aj an International Service based Company 

J1JL1.TI1111 Jlf W providing sales, rental and leasing services. 

j^ULLEK PROMOTION has created an opportunity 

Tor a vena tile and energetic 

South London CHARTERTED ACCOUNTANT to bead up 

mm the Central Accounting function in this fast 

£j(l)UUU + moving Company arfmhusteruig a . 

rtnnprrbtmnve range of Financial Services to Management Internationally. 

Applicants will ideally be aged 28-36 with evidence of progress within a major International linn 
of Chartered Accountants (to Manager LevtrlJ - or with at least three yean proven 
po*i qualification experience m a Urge Corporate Accounting department m Commerce. 

Priorities will include Credit and cash management - systems development - stari control and 
motivation of a large staff - management information systems and reporting - forecasting - 
budget ling and project accounting. 

Future career prospects within this organisation could require International mobility - therefore 
anj knowledge of European languages couid be a benefit - this however should not deter 
applicants without this ability. 

T 'T^™‘" • BEAUMONT 

Beaumont Houm*. MANAGEMENT 


Telephone: Staines (07841 62131 (8 Imesl Llil> 

Financial Appointments made easier 

major group in Die finan- 
cial services industry 
(West End location). 

Full training, rapid prog- 
ression into managem- 
ent, equity participation 
and £15,000+ pa. 


Carofiae Dougtas-Scott 

on 01-439 8431 



We ta«r opou ags for Ea^werV 

Dn g i en m tte bUemt 


(4/5 a*, and VaMxvn) 
Send (VwoJ 
LPL Ebowcti* Ltd. 

71 Otfoid 5k 
Union WIR IRB 

"•I'M >■! 

Is your view negative 
or positive?? 

Europe's testing brokerage 
st£ nas a Bmrtad number of 
positions for 25-35 year old 
amOroous trxividiais. 

Trainee brokers wa racetefi 
tuft professional taring 
and raptdhr rising 

Can John KHtown-Toppm on 
01-499 8601 


At GAR some of the finest minds 
in State-of-tfie- Art technology are 
applied to providing innovative 
answers to almost any research, 
design or development questions, 
lb date we have successfully 
completed over 4,hQ0 projects 
fox some 1500 client organisa- 
tions worldwide. 

With the pick of the Western 
World's technology at our finger- 
tips, it is hardly surprising that 
we in GAP Scientific continue to 
break new ground in avionics, 
communications, machinery 
control, tactical systems and 
underwater technology. We offer 
you the chance to specialise in 
a given discipline whilst broaden- 
ing your knowledge across the 
fuff spectrum of projects. 
Specifically; we can offer hands- 
on experience at London, 
Dorchester and New Malden to 
budding software professionals 
with at least 2 years’ systems 
development and design experi- 
ence, ideally gained in a defence 

environment. Knowledge of 
some of the fbUowina is essen- 
OCCAM, context; 
PERSPECTI VE t o run principally 
on VAX or INTEL hardware. 

Ours is a quite exceptional work- 
ing environment in which there 
is a constant and stimulating 
interchange of ideas. 

Your work will be quantifiable, 
your contribution noticed and 
rewarded weU.-We offer one of 
the most outstanding career 
development pians in the UK with 
a structured approach to training, 
and are active in establishing 
true professional status for Soft- 
ware Engineers. 

In addition to these requirements 
CORDA, GAP Scientific's Centre 
fbr Operational Research and 
Defence Analysis, based in 
Long Acre, WC2, has vacancies 
for Senior Consultants experi- 
enced in Defence Operational 
Analysis and in Environmental 
Impact Analysis. 

Also there are a number of 
vacancies for Senior Weapons 
Systems Analysts and Engineers 
at New Malden. 

To discover the full facts about 
GAP Scientific, telephone 
Debbie Speed on 01-942 9661 
(ansaphone outside office boms 
on 01-949 8192). Alternatively, 
use the coupon below. 

1 Debbie Speed. CAPSC2EHTC1C WP.. I 
i Scientific House. 40“14Cta!Hbe Road, | 
1 I Jew Moiaen. Surrey KT3 40f. [ 

I Please forward fur ther infor mation on a f 
, career Mih CAP SCIENTIFIC. ■ 

j CUP Scientific [ 

1 Ike Scientific Systems Company | 


There are no problems 

...owlf solutions 

Our client is one of Britain^ major international 
banks, with extensive assets and avast international network. 

The Bank has an excellent reputation in the treasury 
held and, due to expansion, is seeking to recruit professional 
Corporate Dealers to join an already highly successful learn 
in their Gty-based Internationa] Banking Division. 
Responsibilities will encompass the servicing and marketing 
of both traditional and innovative treasury services to the 
corporate sector: 

Applications are invited from candidates, aged 
25-32, who have at least 2 years’ experience in this field. 

They should also possess a sound understanding of the 
foreign exchange and money markets, together with the 
maturity and ability to advise and develop relationships with 
major customers. 

Remuneration will be highly competitive and will 
indude the usual generous banking benefits. 

Please apply with comprehensive C.V. , to 
Ref: RL 695, Robert Marshal! Advertising Limited, 

44 Wellington Street, London WC2E 7DJ. 

Please list separately any organisations to which your details 
should not be forwarded. 


44 Wellington Street, liri don WC2E 7DJ^ •• 

. ’.London, StRau!^;^: 
£13,81 0 £1 7^407 pa inc ^ 

Wb are seeking 

an adtSton to our Overseas . 

Service Branch, located at our 
London Headquarters. 

The Central Electricity 
Generating Board is responsible for 
the generation aid transmission of 
electricity throughout England and 
Wales and is one of the world ‘s 
largest public utilities. Our 
Overseas Service Branch is 
responsible for providing advice on 
intemaliona) issues to the Board's 
senior officers and for coordinating 
the representation of CEGB 
policies and interests in the 
international environment Those 
duties involve the administration of 
CEGB participation in international 
organisations, the coordination of 
contacts with similar utilities, and 
the securing and dissemination of 
information within the CEGB on 
developments overseas. 

Applicants should be able to 
demonstrate an awareness of 
international issues in the energy 
field. They must be able to express 
themselves well both orally 

and in writing and 
- should be capable of 

working underpressure. As 
one of a team, the successful 
candidate will be required to direct 
and motivate other professional 
staff. A working knowledge of at 
least one other major foreign 
language is also desirable. It is 
expected that the successful 
applicant will be a graduate with 
several years work experience, 
probably in administration/ 
international affairs. 

Applications, giving foil career 
details including age, qualifications, 
experience, present position and 
salary, should be sent to the Group 
Personnel Officer, Central 
Electricity Generating Board, 
Sudbury House. 15 Newgate 
Street, London EC1A7AU no later 
than 5 December 1986- 
Quote ref 352/86/C&TT. 

The CEGB is an equal 

Jean Muir Studio is a Collection in its 
own right with its own special style and 
concept - young, original and forward 

A unique opportunity exists for a bright, 
ambitious and well organised professional 
person to bead the selling of this exciting 
and expanding Collection. 

We are looking for a person who has 
extensive experience working with 
designer clothes on an international level, 
and who will be able to relate to and 
successfully promote the Collection. 

The importance of this position Kill be 
reflected in the salary. Please write 
enclosing a full CV to: 

Jean Muir Studio 
Jean Muir Limited 
59/61, Farringdon Road 
London EClM 3 HD 


Missing Link Software, market leader in the field of computerised personnel software, has a challenging opportunity for a talented, self 
motivated marketeer. 

exhiSftws promotions and sales/marketing materials and the development ol creative and innovative marketing opportunities. 

Good vvritinasktUs and an ability to communicate dearly are essential, as PR is handled in-house. Aged 20 - early 30s. you should have at 
least 2 pars marketing experience, preferably gained within the computer industry and professional marketing qualifications would be an 


Apply in confidence to: OF. Querin, 65 Maygrove Road, London. NW6 2EG. 


For th» Pnwe Bmkaig M Rnnea) Swwo*s subudary a major 
jnumaumai Banmo Grut b tssea c IWytan 
You nil tie n «*urqe of tfie doroatc Mas assatffid watt mew weraues 
wbdi nfl Df DESK) as » pnr&e res dense. 

Then wfl he up ki 3 Dong fame rumo aafl day. Uan&v » tnttr- 
h adman, you nil M reuured w insnge Wmp Partw. Cu:toil Panes 
and ortia iadoes. wkIph w or hi o» Lrmwn 

Tlss c nwYMse a j»awn nWi c tt* to be Ww 8* «jnws» 
eoewnce a) ntaeooq a pnvars residewe or trom aehr rw 5 * t.ick a 
generaus salsy we 1 omens eommasiew wth the posemr ten he osd 
Ptesse rephr to Box Ho. J27. 

£■ lores mi H rreaud m w smaea cwitaiente 


Blrilui; MLM Nsiworlr MarLrtiop Fuhlkl> Trodrd C">CipaE> 
IcMkiRf. for EiecuUve m 5olrs. 

Success in U.S-A demand inc interne: kwial eipaow-m. inAuun 
eppr-jichisj: biii^n ^lunidJIy l'-S. 

Currer pr«iiion fcr the nght pers.™ AD ijrvL-> ,<r ■jles. nwiirjimn 
and Irader'hrp requurd. Salari' and B<invi-o . lalmiied earning 
potential (nr curred null' or fesudr. Send nsmf - 

Eaioarage International. 

3871 S. Valley View, 

Beil ding 4. 

Las Vegas. 

Nevada 89103. 

Teles -686S116, Telefax =713-461-3251 
or phone (702) 87 1-4995 



RA F&mt 


There axe Hragns of different 
careers available in the RAF right 
□on 1 , if you would enjoy doing a job 
which is not only more exciting and 
rewardinq than just about any other 
career; but is also absolutely vital to 
the defence of Britain and our NATO 

The RAF needs quick-witted in- 
dividuals with many different special- 
ist stalls who will enjoy working as a 
team while remaining expert in their 
own field 

A commission m the RAF can be 
for as little as three years in the 
Ground Branches. But from Aircrew, 
we expect at least five years’ produc- 
tive service. fit costs over one million 
pounds to train one Pilot) Longer 
commissions are also available in all 

With the exception of Aircrew, 
most posts axe open to both men and 


It takes two to fly a Tornado. The 
Pilot concentrates on getting where 
you're going fast The Navigator 
concentrates on what you’re doing, 
choosing the weapons systems and 
the Electronic Counter Measures 
you'll need Ibgethez, you make the 
Tornado one of the most effective 
weapons in NATO's vital front-line 

If you already know something 
about flying, that's great. If you don't 
well teach you everything you need 
to know for your part in the Tornado's 
double- act 

For instance, well take a Pilot 
from flying a Chipmunk on to a Jet 
Provost. Then to a Hawk and on to 
a Tornado GR1 travelling at 510 mph 
at 250 feet. 

To apply to join the RAF as a Pilot 
or Navigator you must be at least 17. 
The upper age limn for Pilots on entry 
is 24, and for Navigators 26. 


If you’ve an interest in the very 
latest technology, well give you the 
chance to work with some of the 
world's mostsophisticatedcomputer 
hardware and software and radar 
systems. Our computer-driven 
mobile radar system, for example, 
provides high-speed identification 
through the use of solid-state and 
3D techniques with phased array 
aerials and has a self- diagnosing 
fault tracer. 

From telecommunications and 
ground-based navigational aid to 
airborne early warning and satellite 
communications, the RAF reties on 
its Electronic Engineers to make 
sure that all our hardware and soft- 
ware remains the state-of-the-art 

Age on entry up to 39. 


You win be responsible for 
controlling theflowoftrafficonabusy 
RAF airfield at home or abroad, or at 
an area radar unit with control over 
large areas of the United Kingdom. 

Your "customers 1 win range from 
heavy transports to fast jet fighters 
and the instructions you give them 
will ensure that they operate safely 
and efficiently by day and by night in 
all weather conditions. 

You may find yourself alongside 
civilian air traffic controllers, 
ensuring the swift and safe flow of 
both military and civilian air traffic. 
Air Traffic Control is a challenging 
and fascinating task where no two 
days are ever the same 

Age on entry normally up to 30. 


Become the eyes and ears of 
Britain^ first line of defence. YouH 
lead a team whose job ts to identify 
and monitor every aircraft in the 
sector for which it is responsible. 

If potentially hostile or unidenti- 
fied aircraft enter our airspace, you'll 
give our interceptor aircraft the order 
to scramble and you will guide our 
aircraft onto the target 

You'll be in charge of highly 
advanced radars and computers, 
operating from the air or from the 
ground and tracking any air threat 
from low- flying aircraft to satellites. 

You may also be given the highly 
specialised training required to 
maintain and develop the extremely 
sophisticated software which is the 
heart of our air defence system 

Age on entry normally up to 30. 


The main requirement in the 
Education Specialisation is for 
graduates in engineering math- 
ematics. physics and computer 
science, preferably with a post- 
graduate certificate in Education or 
with some teaching experience. But 
we can also teach you bow to teach. 

Other degrees will also be 
considered, particularly foreign 

The job is to keep our key 
personnel up to date with the latest 
advances in electronics, computer 
technology, radar and electrical 
engineering. You’ll help to construct 
and manage training programmes 
and teach in some of the best 
equipped training schools in the 
country with students who are eager 
to learn. 

Age on entry up to 39. 


The qualifies dans needed to join 
the RAF vary according to the 
Branch in which you are interested. 
hwi a few ’O’ levels up to a uni- 
versity degree. 

If you are studying far ‘A* levels 
or planning to go to university, ask 
us about RAF Sponsorships. 

Tbfindauf mare caHiaai any RAF 
Careers Information Office Cut the 
phone booktmderRoyalAirFarceJor 
write to Group Captain Paul Ttenett, 
QBE. at (OQ Officers Careers 
(09/10/11), Stanmare HA7 4PZ. giving 
your date of birth and your present 
and/or intended qualifications 

Badenoch & Clark 




High-calibre graduate Senior Officers with several i/ears' 
experience within Customs & Excise are required by several of 
our clients, major international firms of Chartered Accountants. 
These are challenging innovative roles requiring young 
enthusiastic quality individuals with proven talent and specialist 
Head Office experience. Excellent scope for expansion of existing 
groups and development of new departments, offering VAT and 
Customs consultancy as an important commercial service both to 
existing and potential clients. Applicants must be smart, articulate 
and confident with the determination to succeed in this rapidly 
expanding field. 

Please contact Rachel Caine or Lucy Shesren. 

Financial Recruitmeni Specialists 
16-18 New Bridge St, London EC4 V 6AU Telephone 01 -583 0073 
or contact Timothy Burrage on 01 -874 6746 

Mediated £ 

To iom a nMor Snftsh managed aerations manterance company 
T ne acces Jii caretdate wdl bt a corporate member erf a chartered engmeemg institution «nl*i alto B.Se. or WC m 
mwnawat eogneemg and i mtiwnim gt 1(1 year? menenc# n dw nontenants or Bianjmg Sanwxs, w*j paruaJar 
erntfasa on omen ma systems. HV*c agupmam pumps etc. 

Aitocw* Jams are conations. sarty ntemm. imatae sure. 

TaL 0727 33233 

ita dm Hspkx, 37 HaByweH ran, » mm All m 


This position olTers an 
excellent opportunity for a 
young, self-assured person 
looking for a career in 
investment administration. 

As a member of a small 
highly-committed team of 
investment professionals 
managing funds worth £650m 
you will provide portfolio 
managers with accurate and 
timely investment 
management inrormation.This 
will involve extensive contact 
with stockbrokers, banks and 
external clients, fn addition 
you will play a key part in the 
development of a technology 
based in vestment manage- 

Imperial Life 

meni information system. 

lb succeed you will be of 
graduate calibre with a 
numerate mind and a flexible 
and responsive attitude. Some 
understanding of investment 
sec urines and computerised 
information systems should 
be coupled with good verbal 
communication skills. 

A salary commensurate 
with qualifications and 
experience will be ottered. 

Please forward CV to: 

Mr. K. Miner or telephone 
Mbs C Miliband for an appli- 
cation format Imperial Trident, 
16 Buckingham Gale, London 
SWI. Tel: (01) 828 6123. 

Trident Life 


An important executive 
appointment in our Research Unit 
£11,000 - £13,500 + car 

New stores, new products, new technology. Tesco 
continues to expand with innovative approaches to retail 
marketing. This year we will open 11 new stores at an investment 
cost of over £1 00m -and die prospects for future expansion are 
looking good 

Our specialised Research Unit has played a crucial part in 
the Company's recent progression and. owing to promotion, now 
has a vacancy in the statistics function. 

As part of a highly motivated multi-discipline team your 
work will include die application of a variety of multi-variate 
statistical techniques, survey design and analysis and the use of 
statistical packages. Experience in die application of SAS. would 
be an advantage. 

The successful applicant will have a good statlstics/maths 
honours degree and at least 1 year's commercial experience. 
A relevant post graduate qualification would be a distinct 
advantage. He/she will have the ability to communicate complex 
statisHral ideas to all levels of management 

A salary of between £11.000 and £23.500 per annum will be 

rffojwi tn kno with yrn ir t^vppripnrp and q ualificatio ns- Excellent 

large company benefits include a can BUPA and assistance with 
•efocatkm where appropria te. 

Please write with hill cv including current salary to Jackie 
Lanbam. Personnel Officer; Txco Stores. Tfesco House, Delamare 
Road Cheshunt, Hertfordshire EN8 9SL 

jHesco is an equal opportunity employer. 


The way ahead in retailing 


Young electrical/electronics graduate: 

Break new ground 
in manufacturing 
control systems 

from £20,000 + benefits 


At Pedigree Petfoods, we already employ the most advanced 
control systems inourindustryto produce some of Eumpesbigzest' 
selling consumer products on the world’s fastest food- cannin g lines. 

if you've got a proven record of 4-7 years’ success m the 
practical application of control systems within any highly automated 
proceWmanufacturing env iron ment, you could be the person we 
need to help us achieve our goal of a totally integrated, computer- 
controlled manufacturing plant . . . 

We’d give you full, concept-to-commissiomng responsibility for 
generating innovative technical solutions and managing all aspects 
of their implementation. Success in this highly visible rote could 
result in early increased responsibilities and progressive, cross- 
disciplinary personal development: it's a fact that, whichever Mars 
Group company you visit, anywhere in the world, you'll probably find 
a senior manager who’s worked with us. 

The salary alone should convince you we want the best If you 
think you can prove it to our satisfaction, find out more by calling our 
24 - hour recorded answering service on 01-235 4835, or writing 
briefly to Maureen Lohan, Pedigree Petfoods, National Office, 
WPItham-on-the-Wblds, near Melton Mowbray Leicestershire 

Do not send a cv at this stage 

We welcome applications equally from women as from men. 

Contractor Services 






The Air Plus Company Limited is a new 
company with a new product, the AirPhis 
charge card for business travellers Alter an 
intensive mne month study. 13 major 
European antmes have formed the company 
to launch ihe /WPtus card, which wiU provide 
corporate business expense services 
relating to av travel, car hire, hotel and 
restaurant charges. 

The Company wifi appoint tour 
Contractor Services siatt loco-oufinaleaB 
the operational requirements of the AirPlus 
Charge Card Prog r amme with the 
parbopatmg airlines. The appointees' first 
pnonty wM be to assist m setting up the card 
operations, interfacing with each affine's 
operating staff to solve problems, provide 
adwoe, and give support Tb do this they wiH 
be Iraismg constantly with the arfenes' 
commercial and DP departments. 

The jobs requirecandidales with wed 



A adwoe, and give support lb do this they wiH IfichefineWHdn, 

A\ be liaismg constantly with the arhnes' Arthur YbungCorj 

/WV commercial and DP departments. Citadel House, 5-1 

/ II \ . The jote requ ve candidates with weM London EC4A1DH. 

Arthur Young Corporate Resourcing 


developed interpersonal and ergamsttona! 
skits, and with previous experien c e o‘ 
dealing with contractors m a card business. 
Successful applicants are therefore (.fiery to 
have a good educational background, be in 
thei r mid to late 20's, with the desire *e travel 
m Europe and some knowledge of other 
European languages. 

The new company is likely to be located 
west of London , and is ottering extremely 
competitive remuneration packages to 
suitably qualified candidates. 

If you are interested please reply 
immediately in confidence giving corpse 
career: personal and salary cetws and 
quoting Bet 903 to: 


Arthur Ybwtg Corporate Resourcing . 
Citadel House, 5-11 Fetter Lane. 

London EC4AtDH. 




Tb develop pay & benefits 
surveys with the UK leader 

Hay Management Consultants produces the most highly 
authoritative surveys on pgy and benefits in the UK. We have a 
major programme already under way to further enhance the 
quality and range of these surveys and the reward information 
services provided to participants. 

In organising ourselves to meet these objectives we want to 
recruit a number of individuals who have a particular enthusiasm 
for working with a wide diversity of companies in the 
development and marketing of pay and benefits surveys - either 
ofa regular or a one-off type. 

Applicants will require considerable energy, should combine a 
high intellectual ability with a track record of success, and be in 
the mid-20's to early-30's age range. Salary will be negotiable. 
Career potential is excellent and could lead to consultancy in 
Hay’s Reward practice. 

Please write with full c.v. including current salary, or telephone 
for an application form to: Nick Boulter, Hay Management 
Consultants Limited, 52 Grosvenor Gardens, London SW1W 
0AU. Tel: 01-730 0833 Ext. 371. 

Closing date for applicants: December 1st 1986. 

Deputy County Treasurer 

Salary up to £31 ,000 pa plus car and 
generous relocation expenses up to £6750 

Hertfordshire is a major Shire County, with a gross revenue budget of £510 
million and 46,000 employees, providing alf normal County Services to one 
million people The authority is currently faced with a range of challenging 
service issues which call for imaginative financial management and policy 

The Deputy County Treasurer has a key rote in developing these solutions 
and in particular will be required to: 

■ make a positive contribution to the full range of County Council policy 
making processes 

■ assist members and chief officers in achieving their service objectives 

■ play a leading part in further development of the corporate information 
technology strategy 

■ undertake the day-to-day management of the Finance Department of 270 

■ develop the Departments contribution to effective financial management 
Applications for this demanding, but rewarding appointment are invited 

from qualified accountants with an appropriate breadth of financial and 
management experience. 

Further particulars about the authority, the post, and the remuneration 
package are available from Caroline Holloway on Hertford (0992) 555563. For 
an informal chat about the job please ring Ken Cliff, County Treasurer on 
Hertford (0992) 555300. 

>- AppflcaBons, giving r elevan t career 

m ) County Council 

An Equal Opportunity Employer (reference CHI). 

ff « r»Wnj6om Carmarthen, Chester, Coventry, Crewe, DartfonS, Bast Hoots, Gateshead, 
Ga U dfant Hastings, Hanot, Hartford (or Ware), Lancaster. Md-Sassex, New Forest, 
Newport, Norwich. PfymoutK Preston, Bo dbridge, Seftoa, Serenoaks, Sutton, Taunton, 
Telford, The Wared, Tonbridge, Totaes, WobaB, Welwyn far Hatfield). 


If yon live ■> am of the areas fisted, wo orcri your help to ca-ordinato a IMm Alarm 
Appeal n year borne Gty or District Council ana. 

TJMna' a no em er gency mnmw nic a tio at system far tbe elderly. 

People from tadastry, the P ref an ionc U, Commerce and Government Service are 
portiadariy welcome. Yae wB need an o u tgo in g peraonoTity, enormous e trtfcu s i o s m and 
well d ev e l o ped common ientiwi skifis. 

WMst the work is vol u ntary, involving a couple of days a week, exp en ses wS be 
re imfcoued. The real reward is the enormous personal satisfaction of enabUog elderly 
people to retain their independence an the s e c u rity . 

of their own home. I 

Write at telephone to tan Adame, Help the AgedL \ I /■ 

St. Jansen's Wafc, Leaden EC1R QBE. V^>.' 

T«U 01-253 0253. 

If ovoMrie. a CV would be most helpf u l. 

Interviews locally. — 1 

Lifeline Alarm Appeal Help the Aged 

Tins space k NJtSy donated by TanstaB Telecom. Ltd. 

Human Resources Management 

Investment Banking 
City c£25,000 + benefits 

sar Ssss , sss£ om ‘ -• * ^ *> ^ •xs^'siSRsxs 

e3?p !S? ' ^ its total staff over the next two years - hi led to 

the need for an additional high calibre individual to join the well esiablSiSandhi^v 
team responsible for human resources. Your main role initially wRl h*» .K™ 688 ; , 

recruitment. You will, however, become incwSStST^rfrod iS^SSr “ * lpec * S °f 
development and the establishment of training programme^as well as ? anagg ? w nt 

to clumps *0*0* .( 

the human resources area. Some for ?* professionalism in 

and organisation behaviour would be an advantage. An outwardroinir tran 

*■*> ta«totioo toS SS^oSaSta, to 

There are excellent prospects for career progression and a first class banking remuneration package 

Ms refcre “* CP717 * WW ere Dm to*. 


Consultancy • Search • Selection 

^ j) J ily 







Arabic, ^ twafifieri in any ONE of Hie foSovring.- (A) 


Ody rarely does an opportunity arise to play such a major part in the development of a new enterprise - with the name and backing of one of 
■ m ajor industrial institutions - yet enjoying fuU autonomy and accountability. My brief is to find two experienced marketeers, 
probably in their mid to late thirties, with an impressive track record in the information technology or computer industry. Breadth of 
experience in these areas is of greater interest to mv client than detailed technical expertise. A substantial negotiable package — including 
quality car - awaits the right candidates. 


Your product responsibilities are in the field of optical data 
storage and retrieval media. Your brief will be to: 

- specify and evaluate new product research and 

- Identify new markets, at home and abroad 

- determine product strategies 

- prepare and execute timely marketing plans 

- establish and maintain dose technical and commercial 
liaison with key customer accounts 


You will establish and maintain a full data base and market 
intelligence information system on which to base your planning 
activity. Additionally, your responsibilities will be to: 

- initiate and evaluate appropriate market research projects, 
using external agencies as necessary 

- monitor competitor activity 

- define and implement the marketing planning process and 
determine the appropriate procedures and policies 

If you have the right mix of experience, ability and drive, contact ROGER LAING quoting reference R4129 or R4130. 

Executive Facilities (Marketing) Ltd. Clive House, 21 A Conduit Place, London W 2 1 HS. Tel. 01-258 362] (24 hour) 


If* has bunt up an emtabto reputation far its practical 
Wagratatlon of t ha taw on employment through As taose-teaf and papist*** 

“^dBncy business. To continue to expand this arttoty. we need to recruit 

— — w wiimhio tu cuudio dw Harunv. wa noon ID racnUT 

bring to the work the high aSxtenf of irotenrtan di ng of 
Unpractical knptemertaiJon of employment Jaw that our dents have come to 

Candidates for this appointment shotid have: 

EXPEfUENCE ,|yt a pensonneJ/Cne management rate 

some industrial tribunal representation 
drafting company documents. 

Previous experience as a consultant Is not necessary; the experience required may 
wall have bean acquired wHib a conyxvTy. / ^ 

PERSONAL QUALITIES: excefent communicatk» 

sound commonsense and the abfflty to think on the* faet 
obWy to cope under pressure. 

Training w»B be given which wfl aBow the right person to develop the cons u l ta ncy 
bumess in foe with the rapid growth of the company generaBy. whle at the same 
time enhancing hte or her n a m in g s potential. 

If you are interested In this exciting vacancy, please '"■v 

send your CV to the ConstOancy Manager at the 

address given below. 1 A 

Crorat Publications Ltd, 
Craner House, 

..173 Kingston Road, 
New Maiden, Surrey, 
KT3 3SS. 

Croner Publications Ltd 


Newly Qualified ACA with 
Provincial ‘Big 8‘ Training? 



c.fi15,QG0 + Car + Relocation 

Our dan b * xiaiWU art tat 

of r o reptO w 


devoted to the affairs of . 

following staff. 

Advertisement Manager 
(temporary appointment) 

The temporary position, brought about by maternity leave, will 
be for approximately one year, and will require the successful 
ipplicant to head-up a small department involved in selling both 
classified and display advertisement space. 

An attractive salary, company car and normal large company 
benefits are offered. 

Telephone Sales Person 

A Telephone Sales Person with some experience is required to 

involves recruitment space but a certain amount of tune 

will be spent on assisting with selling display space in special, 
features and reports. 

A salary of £10,000 and normal large company benefits 
are offered. 

Plane write, in confidence, with Ml CVrt^gwWA pw»i°n 
yon seek to Dennis Styles, Advertisement Doctor, The^mes 
gwp pi«mient8, Priory Homo, St. Johns I^ ne, Lon don EC1M 4BX. 



As the market leader in iisfieid tins Party Pto^lOTCq™ny nw 
wishes to recniH a perso n u> take over from ihe existing Slock 
Contxoter/Buyer upon his retirement 

Initially you will report to the existing Stock Controller and white you 
will be exported to demonstrate a practical and ‘hands cm approachm a 
fast moving environment at the same time the ability to wire an 

w devdop a feeMor ihe business would augur well for .. 
future w m m Eventually you win assume fiill responabim y for j us- 

dose management team will report to 

the Managing Director. 

You DrobaWv will be sad 2? - 50 and wifi already have solid expa^ct 
of sw2k«3ral and possibly buying in the jewellery trade , frfddraon 
you win' have bad an exposure to computer based systems 
ptf p q rcd to recormnend further enhancements or 
to lhecydicaliauireofihebnaness the ability to work under pressure is . 

a must . , . 

The initial salary or eft 3.500 will be increased upon ^ 

and in ackBuOTa car, BUPA and npn-contnbutoiy pension plan will be 

added xo the package. 

Please reply ind riding full c.v. to: 

Christopher Kmpslu, 

Home & Unite Lmnted, 
Unit 2_ 106-120 Garrett Lane, 
Xaa&trt SW18 4DL 


A leading financial institution wishes to 
appoint an experienced financial marketing 
professional to determine U.S. needs and take 
responsibility for their North American client 
development programme. 

There will be considerable travel in the U.S., 
running seminars for American banks and 
initiating liaison with them, the regulatory 
authorities and member firms. 

Interested applicants should be graduates 
with an M.B.A. in Finance and Marketing, and 
have at least 3 years legal and financial 
experience in dealing with securities, futures 
and options. Excellent public speaking skills 
are essential, as is proven research ability 
utilising complex computer programmes. 

A starting salary of £16,000 is envisaged, 
together with an attractive range of benefits. 

Please send full c.v. to Cheryl Shadrach. PER. 
4th Floor. Rex House, 4-12 Regent Street. 
London SW1Y 4PP. 

Information Systems Sales 


— ^London _and the Home Counties ^— — \ 

Significant UK. expansion fay a 
leading US. manufacturer of Infer- 
notion and Business qstems has 
created a number of opporttnties 
for experienced sales executives to 
-jtina very successful team seBng 
total solutions in the Busfeess 
Systems market place. 

The company offieis a comprehensive 
range of applications software running 
■with strong maintena n ce and 
customer support backup. This high 
ievd of profesionafem has 
already ensured an inpresshe 
and expanding user base. 

Tofein tMs dynamic team we are 
tooting for candidates wSh a proven 
brack record in solution sales An 
enthusiastic approadvwfth a higi 
tad of personal credbHy and good 
negotiating dais wB a8 be of 
relevance. Ful bating wB be given 


I d the UK. head office in Ridcfesex. 
Every incentive wfl be offiered to high 
achieve and successful candidates 
wl be offered m excetat remuiera- 

i tion package to a ccordanc e with the 
importance of the position. Based or 
an achievable quota, on-target 
earrings wH be In excess of £35flQ0 
PA are} wfl] include basic salary of 
up to £13000 PA, a generous 
poranteeand a choice of comparer 
car. In addition there are the usual 
fringe benefits associated with a big 
muttHiationa! company 

For more Information about these 
ground floor career opportunities 
please telephone DoroMc Oldham 
or send CV in complete coitfdence to: 




Regent Aicade Housa, SMKJRsgert Steel 
London WIR 5DA. 1* 0M3M45L 


West Heath School 

The Governors of West Heath School 
invite applications for the post of Principal 
from 1st January 1968 on the retirement of 
the present Principal, Miss R M Rudge, BA. 

This Independent Boarding School 
numbers 139 boarders and ID day girls and 
the Governors intend that it should remain 
at about tbi-s size. 

_• The School is situated two miles from 
die centre of Sevenoaks in Kent 

The salary will be Burnham Group 9. 

A house and car will be provided. 

Tbrticiilars of the post may be obtained 
from the Bursar; West Heath School West 
Heath, Sevenoaks, Kent TN13 1 SR. 

may already have proved wursstf in a front line sales role, OR tpjned 
a couple d valuable years experience in 3 commensal or maritifetcturing 


Ether way, )f you are looking for a more stimulating and Tw^ndfogcareer 
nowfe tire time to reroond to the challenge of MINI COMPUTER SYSTEM 

SALES, With one of Europe’s largest and most successful) manufacturers. 

During frainJng you uriil receive osubstentiaf basic, plus car. Once on 
tenttoyyour earrings potential will rise to ewer £25,(XXX 

So, if you are for real success, write to. or 'phone, 

PUIMaiMUWiL Manriesreann lOende, ^4 Esfii Road, Siou^i, 

Beckshte SU 4DS. Tck Slough (0753)38252. 

MANNESMAN N —1 1 — 11 = 

Management 5 Hills 
of the highest order 

DIRECTCffi OF TECHNICAL SERVICES £28351-01^77 ^ ioc. 

Graham Brown, F.R.T.P.L, Dip T.P^ 
F.RJ.C.SL F.R.SAu Barnet’s present 
Director of Technical Services is 
retiring in May 1987. 

The Council are now seeking a 
successor who will consolidate and 
build upon the management gains 
already achieved from the recent 
radical restructuring of the 
Directorate. This vital group of 
services requires leadership skills of 
the highest level in order to meet the 
demands of the future. 

The Directorate covers the whole 
spectrum of Technical Services 
applicable to a large London Borough - 
Architecture, Engineering, Planning, 
Property Services, Recreation, Works 
Services and Support Services - and is 
led by the Director and two 
Controllers, with an overall workforce 
of over 1,600 including the Direct 
Labour Organisation. 

You will need to be qualified 
technically but, far more importantly. 

you must have a proven record of 
successful management at a senior 
level in a large organisation. Your 
experience will have been in either the 
public or private sectors, preferably 
both, and you will have shown a 
consistently high motivation to 
achieve targets which have been set 

For on informal discussion with the 
present Director, please telephone him 
on 01-446 85 11. exL 440L 

Selection Interviews will be conducted 
on 14th or 15th January, 1987. 

Previous applicants need not reapply. 

Closing date 11th December , 1986. 

Kef. 602/1. 

Further details and application forms 
are available from the Recruitment 
Office, London Borough of Barnet, 
16/17 Sentinel Square, Brent Street, 
Hendon, London NW4 2EN. 
Telephone 01-202 8282, exL 424 (01 
202 6602 outside office horns). 


- -^-■innnnn BOROUGH* 



It's taken less than two decades for our ctients to become a leader 
mainframe and mini-based financial management software, with a client fist of 
over 500 names in the UK, including many ofBritain's premier organisations. With 
software contracts running between £70. 000 and £700.000, the decision to establish 
customer support as a nabonaBy-based profit centre is a logical move towards even more 
rapid growth. 

‘ Ss ^ Ss ^ Sn ^ N>s ^ S ^ management experience; strong organisational 

expertise: decisive leadership styfe; proven commercial acumen. Such a background could, we 
befreve, have been gained in a senior oonsuftancy/management role in salesfeuppoit/maikiettng 
witten a financial systems environment or as a DPMAflS manager. 

£33.000 with first class fringe benefits, 
including full relocation ejqsenses- Successful performance will merit promotion to the Board of 

If you are ready to tala: advantage of this rare opportunity to lead a substantial and 
sophisticated support team telephone Peter Lloyd on 01-242 9356. or send yourGV. incomplete 
confidence, quoting reference TO 066- L 

24 hour answering service 

Be c ttt te neat OwwntftHits . Coven House. 121 IQn^way. London WC2B SPA. 



Central London 

These positions provide opportunities for three commercially 
minded accountants to work with the business managers on the 
tactics and strategies for their separate marketing divisions within 
the UK subsidiary of a major American computer group. 

The roles involve providing a comprehensive service to 
divisional manag em ent for all aspects of mana gement informs tin, 
finanacial pl anning , reporting and control, and business 
administration. There is a small supporting staff in each 

AppHcants should be qualified accountants aged mid to late 
20*3, experienced in financial and management accounting. Specific 
knowledge of marketing cost control, contract pricing, and new 
project/business evaluation would be particularly relevant 
Please apply in confidence quoting ref. L259 to: 

Brian H Mason m 

Mason &Nurse Associates (V^l J | | 

i Lancaster Place, Strand XT ALKyv/i x 

London WC2E7EB O TVTf 1KCA 

Tel:0!-240 7805 ©£ 1 >( Lll 30 

^rl — ri~TT & Search 

?KS.&? nU 











Morgan Guaranty Ltd is building on its success in the Eurobond market to become a 
leader in the global securities markets of the future. 

We arc seeking two outs tanding accountants to join our team and make an 
immediate contribution- Working closely with our market makers and professional 
systems project managers, you will develop financial information systems that are vital 
to our effectiveness and profitability. 

You have detailed knowledge of international capital markets - bonds, equities or 
Swaps gained from consultancy or from within investment banking. You must 
demonstrate a record of academic achievements and managerial success. You are also 
an excellent communicator with drive, self confidence and the ability to create team 

We are a dominant firm in worldwide capital markets, affiliated with j. P. Morgan & 
Co in New York- We offer outstanding rewards for die right people; attractive 
remuneration packages and career prospects in London and abroad. 

If you believe you meet with our exacting standards please contact Graham Palfery- 
Smith on 01-629 4463 (or 01-697 681 1 in the evenings and weekends). Alternatively 
write to him, enclosing a full career CV, at the address below. 

Harrison & Willis Recruitment Consultants 
Cardinal House, 39/40 Albemarle Street, London W1X 3FD. Tel: 01-629 4463 



The Ftenguin Group of publishing companies is 
looking tor an additional Personnel Officer to totn 

its busy Personnel Department 

ideally we are looking for someone irt fheir 20’s 

who haa previous personnel experience- The work 

is « 3 ned and covers a« aspects of personnel. 

administration, welfare, catering and salary 


Applicants must be prepared to work extremely 
hard, often under considerable pressure. 

The position is based a) Harmondsworth (opposite 
Heathrow) although the successful applicant will 
also be expected to work regularty from our offices 
in Kensingtoa 

Benefits i nefude a competitive salary, 5 weeks’ 
holiday twice yearly bonus and pension scheme. 
Applications in writing to: 

Chris Merchant 
FersonneL/ltaiiring Officer; 

The Penguin Group, 

Bath Road, i \ 

Harmonds worth, H J 

Middlesex UB7CDA. -fr** 


Government Communications Headquarters 


apply your intelligence... aunique range of analytical problems 

Government Communications Headquarters. Cheltenham is looking 
far up to 6 top-flight graduates to join its /ast-stream analysis and management 
training scheme. 

GCHQ is responsible for communications research, security and 
intelligence on behalf of the Government. Its work is varied and challenging, 
demanding a high level of intellectual and analytical ability allied to a strong 
grasp of practical realities. 

Government Communications Trainees undergo an intensive on-the- 
lob training and development programme to fit them for early promotion to 
senior posts where they will be responsible for a specific area of analysis, 
management or policy with GCHQ. 

You must be aged under 32 on 1st October 1986 and should normally 
have (or expect to obtain in 1987 1 a degree with first or second class honours 
in any subject, or an equivalent qualification, or a post-graduate degree. 

Starting salaries are in the range £7850 to £13.190 depending on age. 
experience and qualifications. Promotion prospects to £28.000 and above. 

For further details and an application form (to be returned by 
51 December 1986) write to Civil Service Commission. Aiencon Link. 
Basingstoke. Hants RG21 1JB. or telephone Basingstoke (0256) 468551 
(answering service operates outside office hours). Please quote ref: G/S41. 

TheGvil Service is an equal opportunity employer 

Search i Sc 


Business Opportunity 

We are exclusively retained by a Scottish based secretarial 
reoubnent agency who have recently acquired a small 
inactive leautme n t business and are looking lor someone 
experienced m the recruitment industry. Preferably with 
secretarial agency experience, lo rebuild previous efient 
contacts and establish new contacts. Future prospects open 
the door to being involved in all aspects of management in 
the group and obtam equity share. However, the initial priority 
is to bidd up the ctent portfolio with a view to rearing 
further staff. 

The salary is negotiable. £12.000 circa and participation m 
a performance related bonus scheme. 

Contact in confidence Mr RJL Fletcher, Director, 

Search and Selection, 4a WBflain Street, 
Kirightsbridge, London SW1X 9HL. 


Fertilizer International's Weekly Market Int- 
elligence Service requires an articulate, ener- 
getic person to assist in the collection of 
market information on the (utilizer and asso- 
ciated raw material industries. The post req- 
uires knowledge of at least one European 
language other than English. The work inv- 
olves contacting traders and producers by 
telephone or telex on a daily basis and there 
are also opportunities for international traveL 
Salary according to age. qualifications and 

Please apply with CV to: 

Mrs C Odell, 

The British Sulphur Corporation Ltd, 
Parnell House, 

25 Wilton Road. 

London SW1V 1NH 


Publisher of Financial Review seeks persons 
with writing abifity to monitor and comment on 
U.K. and International Investment 

Opportunities. Ideal opening for qualified 
people wanting regular work on a flexible 
Successful an 

asis. Successful applicants will have 

knowledge of investments together with 
writing ability and experience. Remuneration 
will be attractive to well quafified persons. 
Pease write giving details of qualifications 
and experience to: 

dames Wootten, 

World Investor, 

7-11 Lexington Street, 
London W1R 3HQ 


If you are re 
approach, men 

idle, numerate and mature in your 
! is no reason why you shouldn't 

At Hill Samuel hwestmert Services we're lootag for 
capable, seif motivated incfividuals to promote our products 
and services as seO employed financial advisers. We ll give 
you all the baling and support you need to run your own 
show, the rest is up to you. 

Interested? Then please reply with full C.V. to: 

Jffcntfcai ff. ESs, 

BB Sam kus tead Services Ltd, 
29 Qoeee Aeae’s Cats, 



FPS (Management) Ltd. The I n dependent Financial Consul- 
tancy Group, are seetang Trainee Managers lor Bidr expan- 
sion in the South East m 1887. Appfcante must be setf- 
mottvated and amhttous. 

If you are wflftg is ttoric hard tor your own success In an 
exciting and dynarrdc Industry. 

Telephone 01-240 9959 


M 1964 1 ended my drat successful career. I had raised afl 
my ambUons through my assertiveness. competitiveness 
and sed-reianoa. 

ki 1966 l began my second career and in one yew, my 
actaeraments exceede d my most opW istic projections. 
You can do it too. 

Phone Lt Col (Retd) Mice MHer 
on 01-831 7491 


Need young ambitious trainee with outgoing 
personality and motivation for this dynamic, 
expanding Accountancy/Financial consultancy, in 
that Public Practice Division. Basic accountancy 
experience an advantage. Futi training given If 
required with excellent career prospects. 

Contact David Brett on 01-629 3555. 
70/71 New Bond Street, 
London W1Y 9DE. 


An energ e tic person keen to 
jom a dynamic team >i a rapxtiy 
expanding and very progressive 
Estate Agency. Experience 
usahi but not essential. Dnve. 
enthusiasm and sales ftar are 
required. Car owner e s sen ti al. 
Anradire terms and wasting 
future prospects. 
736 6099 

li:. ff 

Do you receive 100% of 
annua) premium in Month 1? 
Do you participate in a profit 
share scheme? 

ft not caff us now. 

Paul Steele 
01-499 9070 

Brmrttll Scxvtec Compway 


To be tapoBsMr for ihc 
ITBMeeflKM of the Sooth Eta 
Rcpan tad ibc adncremcai of ok* 
and dtoTh bodptk Mud !a*r an 
C Bg me vum QBabfcxucn ad 
npawncc of arnimilnq 2 smes 
Odcniiaa. preferably m ibc 
McdnmaJ aad Bcclncd Ktv)CCi 



Experienced and qualified 
restaurant and wine bar 
manager required for 
Icading west end wine bar 
and restaurant. Salary 
negotiable. Telephone 
437 7335 for 

Sued m Gfocsead. tab C mnt 
Loudon uad 4* South &S B vow 
enjn ana. Rauoosjbfe far 
sronaimg MAE mammoare 
www-kk . Ha tie rttf mcoMcd and 
fo8> t uu wnaM nib H A V 

Compnt car and etttflem brnefils 

Pkwf roma n Swptanae Wastudgc. 
Bnubrll Senur Compaan. 
Manbrnc Eoaac. Tapfa* Hoad. 
Tapfau. MMaWat Birtibit SU 
OND. TeL Bora hum <00361 6}I 14 


yBBesas a s pf B M aBiwanHifliiwr OP JBI I p a . 
rwewsM, toduttritagsndsuddenir- 


OwrTW of the tup pawtan aranns ■hetacd! 
Rette Hunt! Associates mi specaSsttean 

adMBsmlMtiwiIg M MB tai M.iprcMyand 


jab rata. 

Cfti su l an cy income is ohwiivaaaMe til our P 
diHfe who MMd tack L 

Fora (i ecus Alodial dsusaon 
TeL Richard Pardey 01 434 051 1^ 
Preocr House. 77 Mote StaL W1R IBB. 


This could be your 
opportunity. II you live 
commuting d is tance ol central 
London, are 25-55 with 
business acumen, we will 
Von you (or a new career with 
Smart's leadng company m 
the fmanoal sendees industry. 
For firmer mtormatian rmg: 
Bab Squires 
01-242 4260 

CAPITAL CV* prepare- men quail 
IV rurnrulum vuare Ol 007 



A new Financial Service Group 
comprising companies with combined 
assets of over £600 millions have sales 
opportunities in the London area for 
ambitious individuals looking for an 
independent and professional career. 
We shall look for those who can earn 
over £17,000 p.a. for an on-target 
performance and can respond to 
training in our product range which 
includes mortgages, pensions, bonds, 
personal banking, portfolio 
management and life assurance. 

Applicants should be aged between 27 
and 45. 

For interview ring 
Mr. George Kennedy on : 

01-937 1582 

between 9.00 a.m. and 7.30 p.m. 



Age 21 -35 RSc HND H/VC 


If vou 3fea qualified engineer seeking a 
better job in today's high tech industries, 
contact Focus Vacancies throughout the 
UK. Free advice Free service Fast response 
from our engineering recruitment consuftana. 

PHONE 061 737 1000 

for an application form 
Or send your current cv. quoting ref DT. ro. 
Focus Technical Recruitment. FREEPOST, 
Salford. Manchester M6 8NJ. 




International Charity 

We are seeking Community Project Organisers to initiate 
Capital Fund-raising Camparis tor local projects, inditing 
Uehne Alarm Systems and mini buses. 

Two vacancies are hiO-tHne. home based, covemg Greater 
London and the Northern Home Couities and a third is 
part-time covering the Hampshire area. You will be involved 
with the recruitment training and co-ordination of local 
fundraising grass, agree appropriate targets and implement a 
strategy to achieve these. 

StetaUe candidates should have fund-raising experience and 
ideally an understanding of statutory and voliffitary 
organisations. You trust be mature and be comfortable in 
doling with people at senior level 
Salary (tuO-tene) £8.445, plus London allowances where 
appropriate and a car is provided; pro-rate for part-tine plus 
car allowance. . t 

Please write with full CV to Janette Palfrey, 

Personnel Department. Help the Aged, 

Si James's Walk, f 

uxKion ecir o 6 l Help the Aged 

Swettey Minerals Limited tea Ed- 
Brave mranS processna rod 
rating activities n M UK. A 
Process Engneer is required to 
smart ns groan rod dnetap- 

mentiy proraigengnrevig exp- 
ense m inina» nwdtag and 

processng. Apgfecaots. probably In 
they Z Ds or 30s, sfwdd have a 
degree n Chemical Engnwrong, 
Mneri Engnesmg or amte 
adh Byenance n p terd or p reyad 
•oA wealhr in the minerals eid- 
ustiy. EjuAwnwr terms are at- 
ractive nefateng free BUM oont- 
ribuwy perexw sebeme a nd rd - 
Dcation assistance where anxo- 
pnaa to the tow c ost ho iang 
ares. For ro cupb c ^ion form 
Mass contact Mi D. Jackson, 
□radar. Steedey Mxzrefs Umrad. 
P0 Bax 2. Betiart Road, Wortsop. 
Notts. Tel. Worksop (fBto) 
47557 f. 






DR ERIC KRAUS. 2 rue da la 
coBsormene 75001 PARIS. 


REMkENTUL Lrftlnv PfagoOa- 
lor thquind lor nuHf Itrm of 
CiunerM Surveyors Lwri- 
"W reoulTta. oar driver Good 
"muiwianMi Includlno com 
mwqon. Write wiui cv RvHir M 
aox 818. 

SU** wen? San Nawmb g 

or Occemtier nr? Need 
JAOO+ per work? Tpuvtone 
me today ir you can won near 

Kinds Ox» iul»n. are aped 
23-50 ana rCAKJiuOfy rducatm 
and mletlioml Work h during 
waohruy omce noun only and 
you oo im nerd your o»n car 
or plume Tdmhom- Bid Scnim 
on Ol 278 3722 or Ol 278 


working on a muiti million pound building project 
in North Africa, and a vacancy has arisen for the 


This position requires a flexible hard-working 
Administrator to assist in genera! site administration 
which includes personnel, welfare, travel and 
payroll. Preference will be given to French speakers 
with previous overseas experience. Current driving 
licence essential. 

In addition to a tax free salary' we offer a 56 week 
bachelor status contract with 2 weeks paid leave 
for each 12 weeks worked. Free messing and 
accommodation and a local site allowance. 

Please forward a c.v. to: 

The Recruitment Officer, I ' 

Baxter Fell international Limited, 

Portland House, Stag Place, 

London SW1E 5BP. |ir 

i . r ^ 

I OBv.:er re 

’'Snmdler <E Hotter VK Ltd~. the sales subsiditny of a successful German Company. 

wish to appoint a — 



The successful candidate will have spent some considerable time m the high tech opto/ electronic 
Reid, have studied to degree level BSc Hons or similar award, followed bu a period of research and 
development in a related environment, after which, a career in sales would have been followed. The 
candidate will be presently providing technical service and representation m the opto/ electronic 
market place with special regard to new Laser Technology and Optical Instrument Design . a thorough 
knowledge of which is a very necessary requirement 

We offer. Thorough product training in house and m Germany. 

Total UK Sales Area as market place. 

Promotion to Management Status after successful sales results with overall control of 
Sales Department 

A suitable vehicle will be provided and a salary of circa £J5K will be on offer. 

Fringe benefits will be made available depending on performance and profitability. 

This appointment is a career based offer within a pleasant work environment and the successful 
candidate will be expected to live m the Tonbridge f Tunbridge Wells, hent area. 

Apply by letter enclosing complete C V. 

Interviews will take place week beginning 24th November 1986. 








We are currently recruiting on behalf 
of a leading International Investment 
Bank, which has a reputation for an 
innovative and individual approach to 
its clients' financing needs. 

Its Product Development team seeks a 
Manager aged mid-late 20s to assist in 
developing, marketing and 
implementing new financing products 
and techniques over a wide range of 
situations but initially in the field of 
asset-backed finance/securitisation. 

The ideal candidate will be a graduate, 
an enthusiastic self starter who 
combines general debt financing 
expertise with some exposure to capital 
markets products and who enjoys the 
challenge of problem solving. 

Rewards will be high in terms of career 
prospects and attractive salary 

For farther information please 
call Sara Bonsey. 


Wrtfi the increasing demand for highly experienced 
personnel. Charterhouse Appointments has established 
a new division exclusively to deal with Settlements/ 
Operations recruitment 

We currently have a number of assignments from a 
variety of Financial Institutions and would be interested 
to hear from candidates in tire following areas:- 

Commotfily and Financial Futures 
Foreign Exchange 

Should you wish to discuss these opportunities with a 
Consultant who has worked in these areas, please 
contact Deborah Hall on 01-481 3188 



Europe House World Trade Centre London El 9AA fli-dfii 3188 

•R.EUmSinM.Mgo'sM, LonConECTM ?LA TW Ol 58B 425« 




Edwin Evans estate agents 

Edwin Evans estate agents 
now has a vacancy for a 

residentual negotiator to 
work from their Battersea 
office. Smart appearence and 
experience essential, must be 
car owner with clean license. 

ExceUant salary prospects. 

Call 01 228 0051 . 

Are you earning £20,000 —£100,000 p.a. 
and seeking a new job? 

Connaught's discreet and successful Execu- 
tive Marketing Programme provides profes- 
sional excellence in helping you to identify 
those unadvertised vacancies. 

Contact us for a free and confidential 
meeting to assess if we can help you. If you 
are currently abroad ask for our Executive 
Expat Service. 

01-734 3879 (24 hours! 

32 Savfle Row, London, W1 
■The Executive Job Search Professional 

£20,000+ BENEFITS 

Major Rnanactai Services Company and whofy 
owned subskJuary of city stockbroktog firm 
wish to appoint an experieneced Premises 
Manager. Prime responsibilities me. office 
planning, contracts and communication 
services, involving liaison with various 
Authorities. Excellent benefits inc. profit share, 
free medical life cover and non cortt pension. 
Age 25-45. 

Details 408 1220 
Steve MHh (Ree Coos.) 




Experience in high 
speed production 
machinery design. 
Immediate start (m/f). 

TeL 0256 471773. 



OsMed. reqwrao ter GnaMng 
EnpntaS. Aflracm salary, 
gmenus annai leave, nsma 
and person. Excellent wortdng 
cundaons n m oThces n 

Contact J P. Gant 

07372 40101 

anttabip durtttq school tune In 
bu&v SW1 Eauie Agnus who 
urtHild be irry quod al helpu>q 
me otauK- to buy alee flat* and 
nouws. L6 per Hour plus goau 
co w unm on. Tei 821 0786. 


Vounfl I an -moving exec seeks 
live-in person n ran personal 
bos affairs. Mu have good ap- 
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enDutgafflr. Positive atslude. 
desire le traveL Handle large 
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deau. Rotac 4. Box 280. Lafco 
Owrics. LA 7061 1. 


Exporter of bidding materials, pharmaceuticals & 
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Minimum 7 years in marketing & overseas supplies, 
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extensively & be prepared to work frequent unsocial 

Send CV toe 

3 Chelsea Manor Studios, 
Rood St, London SW3 5SH- 



Required for leec&ng 
builders in Andorra. 
Fluent Spanish and 
or French. Bask: 
salary, commission. 
Write to. 


Seeks branch Mmgv Croydon; 
Sow reps - Aroersham, Barm. 

Eater and Kingston: 
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r a i .re te E or* Ud prorauanpi 
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We are in the import 
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we are looking for a 

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essemiaL Experience 
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Business is an 

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Please write with 



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awrojmwcoupted with the rommertial awareness and 
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We are an expanding management search 
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A salary of a£l 1,000 » envisaged, together with usual 
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Please send fell CVaod telephone number to the present 

MS Dawn Webster 
Sato A dmini str ato r 
RIBA Services Ltd 
. «« Pwdand Ftaer 
Lon ta WIN 4AD 


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Court of Appeal 

Law Report November 20 1986 

Queen’s Bench Divisional Court 

Governors 9 decision not binding on council 

McGoldricfc t Brem London 
Borough CobbcO 
Before Sir John Dooaldsoo, 
Master ofthe Rolls, Lord Justice 
Nieto oils and Sir Edward 

[Judgment November 19] 

The investigation and dis- 
missal. by the governers of a 
school, ofa coznplaim against its 
head teacher did not, on the true 
construction of the schoofs 
articles of govenuneni and the 
disciplinary code incorporated 
in the head teacher’s contract of 
employment, preclude a fresh 
investigation by the disciplinary 
subcommittee of the local 
education authority. 

The Court of Appeal so held, 
allowing an appeal by the defen- 
dants. Brent London Borough 
Council, from a decision of Mr 
Justice Roch {The Times Octo- 
ber 24. 1986) in favour of the 
plaintiff. Miss Maureen 
McGoWrick, that the findings of 
fact made pursuant to the 
school's articles of government 
by the governing body of Sud- 
bury Infants School in the 
London Borough of Brent, at 
their meeting on August 26, 
1986. to consider a complaint 
against her, were binding upon 
the defendants in respect of all 
disciplinary proceedings against 
her in relation to such com- 

Mr David Turner-Samuels, 
QC and Mr David Altaras for 
the council; Mr James Goodie, 
QCand Mr Martin Reynolds for 
Miss McGoldricfc. 

ROLLS said that following 
allegations that the plaintiff had 
made racist remarks in trie- 
phone conversations concerning 
the appointment of new teach- 
ers at Sudbury Infants School 
she had been formally sus- 
pended and the matter referred 
to the governing body. 

The governors bad concluded 
that there had been no evidence 
to sub stantiate the allegations 
and had recommended the 
plaintiff’s reinstatement. 

The defendants' disciplinary 
subcommittee had declined to 
accept the governors’ recom- 
mendation and had resolved to 
hold a full hearing to re-examine- 
the whole case: 

On the plaintiff's application, 
the judge had granted her a 

declaration that the governors’ 
findings Of feet were binding on 
the defendants in respect of aB 
disciplinary proceedings against 
the plaintiff" in relation to the 
same com plaint. 

The defendants now appealed 
and. pending the hearing, had 
revoked their suspension of the 
plaintiff. Dunns the bearing of 
the appeal they bad gone a stage 
further and had undertaken in 
any event not to suspend or 
dismiss the plaintiff on account 
of the incident. 

That did not make the appeal 
academic, since the terms of die 
plaintiff's employment and the 
disciplinary procedures were 
common to head teachers 
throughout the borough- 

Furthermore, although 
suspension or dismissal bad 
been roled out. the defendants 
might still consider imposing 
some lesser disciplinary penalty 
if on further investigation they 
concluded such a course was 

A similar problem had arisen 
in Honeyfbrd v Bradford City 
Metropolitan Council ( The 
Times November 13. 1985; 
[1986] IRLR 32) where the 
Court of Appeal had held that 
the articles of government made 
under section 17 of the Educa- 
tion Act (944 fell to be con- 
strued against the background of 
tbe Act as a whale and. in 
particular, section 24(1) which 
provided that in every county 
school the appointment of 
teachers should, save as other- 
wise provided by tbe articles of 
government be under the con- 
trol of the local education 
authority but. by contrast, “no 
teacher be dismissed ex- 
cept by the authority'’. 

the court had held that in the 
light of section 24(1) tbe 
authority had retained a resid- 
ual power of dismissal, divorced 
from any recommendation by 
the governors and despite airy 
recommendation to the con- 

Sudbury Infant s School was 
likewise a' county school within 
tire meaning of tbe 1944 Act and 
the plaintiff was bound by the 
articles of government in the 
same way. 

His Lordship referred to para- 
graph 6 of the articles of 
government and said that al- 
though they were not a master- 

piece of the draftsman's art. the 
intention of the articles was 

Apart from certain reserve 
powers of the secretary of stale, 
the only body which could 
ctigmiog the bead teacher of a 
county school was the local 
education authority. Under tbe 
articles it was for the authority 
to deckle whether or not to 
dismiss. The governors had a 
right to invite the authority to 
exercise that power. 

Under the disciplinary code; 

paragraph 2 set out what was 
the “tenure procedure'*, 
which applied in the event of the 
governors of a school consid- 
ering a complaint which might 
to dismissal or some ocher 
disciplinary penalty. 

That procedure envisaged a 
dichotomy between the local 
education authority, including 
any committee or subcommittee 
to which they bad delegated 
their powers of dismissal, and 
“management”, which might 
take the form of the director of 

Jt was management and not 
the authority which was in- 
volved in the bringing of 
proceedings, the governors, act- 
ing through a “tenure 
subcommittee”, bring tbe ju- 
dicial body and the end product 
bring a recommendation or 
failure to recommend dismissal 
or some other disciplinary pen- 
alty. At that stage tbe authority 
were simply not involved. 

If the governors or the tenure 
subcommittee failed to make a 
recommendation for dismissal 
or some other penalty, that, for 
tbe time being at least, was the 
end of the matter under die 
tenure procedure. 

A recommendation that the 
teacher be reinstated was, in 
terms of that procedure, merely 
a more emphatic fail ore to 
recommend a disciplinary pen- 
alty. It was only if such a penalty 
was recommended that para- 
graph 2D came into operation. 

That provided: (1) That a 
recommendation of disciplinary 
action by tbe go vern or s or 
tenure subcommittee should be 
conveyed, together with their 
findings of fact, to the disci- 
plinary subcommittee of mem- 
bets of the authority’s education 

(2) Tbe disciplinary sub- 

committee should have the right 
to require a fall bearing if they 
wished, in which case the proce- 
dure laid down for the tenure 
subcommittee should be fol- 

(3) If as a result of tire 
recommendation tbe head 
teacher was dismissed by tbe 
disciplinary subcommittee, he 
or she should be entitled to 
appeal to the independent staff 
appeals committee. 

It was at that point that the 
judge had gone wrong. He 
concluded that any dismissal by 
the disciplinary subcommittee 
which was not as a result of a 
recommendation by tbe tenure 
subcommittee could not give 
rise to a right of appal under 

part .(3). 

His Lordship agreed that 
paragraph 2D had to be ap- 
proached on the basis that it laid 
down a single and coherent 

But it was laying down a 
“tenure procedure”, that is, the 
procedure to be followed if in 
the event, the governors or 
ten ure an bcomnif iee the 
only positive recommendatioo 
contemplated by that proce- 
dure, namely dismissal ar-other 
disciplinary action. 

It as in the present case, they 
did not make such a recom- 
mendation, although the disci- 
plinary qi hram mlnc» might 
well be informed of the 
governors’ derision, it would 
not have been conveyed under 
pail (1) of paragraph 2D. 

Tbe disciplinary sub- 
committee could only operate 
under the tenure procedure if 
the governors recommended 
disciplinary action. Part (3) of 
paragraph 2D then provided for 
any appeal from the disciplinary 
subcommittee's decision. 

It followed that there was 
nothing to stop tbe disciplinary 
subcommittee then e x erc i sing 
their powers under article 6 of 
the articles of government just 
because the governors had 

emphatically declined to recom- 
mend dismissal and so impose a 
duty on them to consider the 
matter under the tenure proce- 

Initi ally, his Lordship had 
found that concept highly offen- 
sive to any sense of air play. It 
had smelt of double jeopardy, 
the teacher being tried fast by 

the governor s and, if acquitted, 
retried by the distiplmary sub- 

In the light of the reasons 
which he had sought to express, 
his - Lordship now thought his 
initial reaction wholly erro- 

The criticism which could be 
made of the disapfioary sub- 
committee for mewing on Au- 
gust 29, 1986, to consider tbe 
governors’ recommendation for 
r e i ns t at ement and its decision, 
in that context, to bold a full 
hearing, was well founded. 
There had been no recom- 
mendation for them to consider 
muter part (1) of paragraph 2D 
of the tenure procedure. 

On the other band, the 
committee could have met to 
consider the original all eg a ti on 
and to deride whether it would 
exercise its powers under sec- 
tion 24(1) of the 1944 Act and 
article 6(b) of the articles of 

The judge erred is dedaring 
that the findings of fact made by 
tiie gov e r n ors in the plaintiffs 
case wore landing upon die 
authority in all disciplinary 
proceedings in relation to the 
qsme complaint- But they were 
not binding in relation to the 
tenure procedure and stiB less in 
tbe exercise of the article 6(b) 

Racism was a manifes ta ti on 
of intolerance and a policy of 
anti-racism ought to involve 
some dement of tolerance or, at 
least, understanding. A sense of 
pro p o rt i on wasall-imponant on- 
the part of those who were called 
upon to judge. 

A single-minded and un- 
relenting pursuit of a policy, 
however right and important, 
might be counter-productive 

The authority might, on 
reflection, that the un- 

fortunate incident should now 
be regarded as closed, bat that 
had to be a matter for them. 

Lord Justice NidtoQs dis- 
agreed in relation to the 
construction of paragraph 2D of 
the disciplinary code, but agreed, 
in an other respects and in the 
result of the appeal. 

Sir Edward Evefejrii delivered 
a judgment concurring with the 
Master of the Rolls. 

Solicitors: Mr Stephen R. 
Forster, Wembley; H. Pierce. 

McGrath v Field 
Before Lord Justice Croom-- 
Johnson and Mr Justice Pam 
[J udgment November 10] 

The voluntary option avail- 
able to motorists to pr ovide a 
blood or urine tea m order to 
the reading of the Lion 
Intoximeter 3000 even m case* 
where the reading exceed ed 50 
millig rammes per lOOmumitres 
of breaih, was not to be equated 
with the statutory provisens of 
the Road Traffic Acs 1 972. 

Accordingly, justices were «“ 
to rely on a lawfully . 
obtained Intoximeter printout, 
notwithstanding that t fae defe n- 
rfnnr motorist had inadvertently 
been refased the option. .. 

The Queen’s Bench Di- 
visional Court so hdd dismiss- 
ing an appeal by case stated by 
the dffriyfam, Peter Richard 
McGrath, against his conviction 
before Richmond i^KWi Tbames 
Justices on December 19. 1985 
of driving a motor vehicle on a 
road after consmping so much 
alcohol that the proportion in 
his breath exceeded the pre- 
scribed limit, contrary to secnon 
6(1 Va) of the 1972 Act, as 
substituted in Schedule 8 to tbe 
Transport Act 1981. 

Mr David Whitehoo* for the 
defendant; Mr Keith HadriD for 
the prosecutor. 

JOHNSON said that on 
September 4, 1985 tbe defen- 
dant was driving along a public 
road when he was stoppwl on 
suspicion of having consumed 
too much alcoboL 

The specimen ofbreath winch 
be provided at tbe roadside 
proved positive and he was 
fgki-n to Twickenham Police 
Station where he provided two 
specimens of breath fig analysis 
on the Lion Intoxiineter 3000 

pursuant to section 8(lXa) of tiae 
1972 Act, as substituted. 

AD procedures were correctly 
followed and the lower of tire 
two readings showed 83 

millig rammes of akohol in 100 
irnffimres of breath. Calibration 
checks at the beginning and end 
of the cycle were correct 

Thereafter, the officer charged 
the defendant with the offrnce- 
Th e de fendant nutiwffffl that h* 
would contest tbe charge and 
asked if he could give a speci- 
men of blood.. . 

The officer told him that as 
the Intoximeter reading ex- 
ceeded SO milluranuncs the 
option under section 8(6} of tire 

1972 Act, as s u bsti t u ted , was not 

av ailable 

Tbe officer did net offer Mm 
the voluntary option which 

arose is rer pim oreamsanccs. ' 

After the introduction of the 
Intoximeter 3000 h was thought 
by the Home Office that t he 
Intoxiineter was not ins p irin g 
public confidence mid that 
sometimes tbe reading was too 

Therefore lor a period of six 
months from Much 26, 1984 
the Home Office introd uced a 
system of voluntarily offering 
motorists the choice of giving a 
blood or urine, test, not- 
withstanding that the reading 
was over 50 millig ram mes. 

That decision was in a written 
answer in Hansard and was 
circularised to the po&cein the 
following terms: “Subjects 
whose breath test readings show 
a level of above SO 
milligrammes should be told 
that they may, if they wish, 
provide a sample of Mood or 
urine ... the defendant wiff 
have available . . . analysis of 
the Uood/arise sample which 
be can rely cm ... to challenge 
tbe accu r a cy of die breath test 
pr in to u t.” 

It was to be noted that there 
was a difference be t we en the 
voluntary and the com- 

pulsory one because if the blood 

or urine test was used in the 
compulsory uummsttanes, the 
Intoxixneter test was to be 
disr e ga r d ed. In the vohnnary 
scheme it was to help the 
motorist to have the opportu- 
nity of a cross-check. 

Tbe Home Office asked for a 
forensic science report cm the 
monitoring of die Intoxiineter. 
Pending the answers to be 
provided by the report, the 
verikmtarysebeme nos extended. 

" Although the instructions bad 
bam circularised to the pofice in 
1984. tbe answers had not cook 
in. On June 25, 1985 die system 
ofvohmtarily offering motorists 
tbe choice of a Mood or urine 

test wasextended for another 12 


In tbe present case the justices 
found that when the pofice 
officer refused the defendant the 
voluntary option, be honestly 

believed that the scheme bad 
ceased hi October 1984- 

U was araaed on betas of the 
d efe r ** 3 "* that tbe justices is the 
exercise of their discretion 
shook! have refu se d to give 
e ffe ct to the lead in gs provided 
by the Intoximeter. It was said 
that tbe option to have a blood 

or mine test was something 

- which might have bees used by 
the defendant as a shield against 

- the prosecutions'* sword of the 
Intoxiineter reading and it how- 
ever mnoceoify. zbejxriice offi- 
cer did not give the defendant 
dm chance of sheltering behind 
that shield, ft was right that the 
justices should not rely on the 

Intoximeter reading at a9L 

Tbe prosecution contended 
that the original object of the 
voluntary option ms really to 
enconra gc and invite defendants 
to take^part in a statistical 

readings and thereby to produce 
public confidence in its toe. 

• The josticcs had a di s c re t ion 
as to whether to exclude or not 

‘ act on the Intoximeter reading. 
They coodwtod that the reading 
was lawfully obtained and was 
a dmi ssffite, that tibt police offi- 
cer was acting honestly in 
refus in g the defendant tbe vol- 
untary option and that the 
option was not mandatory. 

Whatever view their Lonl- 
ddps took regarding tbe actual 
exercise of the justices’ dis- 
cretion, H was not a case , in 
which they could substitute 
their view for that of the 
justic es . 

The discretion was theirs and 
the test to be satisfied was that 
in Associated P rm i nc ia J PSaurr 
Homes Lid v Wednesbtay 
Corporation ([1948] 1 KB 223). 
The justices came to their 

• cooriusion without having mis- 
directed themselves. - 

If their Lordships interfered it 
would amount to equating the 
voluntary scheme with tbe 
statutory provisions of section 
8(6) of the 1972 Act, as sub- 
stituted Thai arid net be the 
right ap p roa ch, although there 
might be cases where the 
Intoximeter reading could be 
di s re ga rded. 

Mr Justice Perer Pain agreed. 

Solicitors: Edward Fail Neale 
& Co, Twickenham; Crown 
Prosecution Sendee. Surbiton. 

01-405 9345 


£10,750 p.a. 

A prestigious firm of soScitors based near 
the Inns of Court in central London has the 
following openings for top calibre secret- 
aries who ideally possess experience of 
Wordplex Gemini 80.4. 


Training or cross training on wordplex WP is 
available for a secretary with 3 year's 
experience at partner leveL A fast worker 
would be much appreciated. Quote Ref; 


A chance to shine for a busy partner and two 
associates. Experience of trust, probate and 
international tax would make you valued all 
tee more. Quote Ref: 0108/3903. 

In addition to the generous salaries, 4 weeks 
hols, LVs and social faeffities are offered. 

Please contact Fiona Kelly quoting 
Refs as above. 

1030am - 630pm 

An opportunity exists to join tbe 
reception team of this leading firm of 
City Solicitors. 

Primary responsibilities indude 
receiving visitors, arranging meeting 
rooms, organising refreshments and 
dealing with couriers, taxi companies 
and deliveries. A good dress sense and 
tbe ability to communicate at all levels 
is essential. 

This position carries a good salary and 
the usual fringe benefits expected from 
a City firm. 

Apply enclosing a full curriculum vitae 
to Box J30, The Times, Virginia Street, 
London El 9DD 

01 - 283 2104 


£8,750 pa 

Help to fui this busy office lor the marina director of a 
successes trm of brokers in EC3l You! need good 
shorthand and au<8o plus some a cco u nting experience 
useful Operate Cheetah telex - including overseas. 
Lots of Raison by telephone. Generous benefits 
package indudes El .75 per day LVs. private medical 
schema and bonus. 

rat ltB/2845. 



/ S3 Leadi 

enf-a. 1 ) Sf. ECS 





31 High Hoi born. WC1 

Production Assistant 


A career opening for a bright young 
secretary to enter the fascinating world of 
publishing as a Production Assistant. This 
small company publishes children's books 
and enjoys a worldwide reputation. Fast 
skills are essential in order to create time 
and space for your involvement in the 
production side. Good education (not 
Graduate) requested. Age 19+- Please 
telephone 01-493 5787 today 


ZRrvtunmcnt Comulia 



Working as part erf a team, you wiU be afforded an 
opportunity to develop and m a inta in ad min istrat i ve 
systems for this multinational company. A know- 
ledge of WP is required but tee company wiB cross 

For further inf or m a t io n, 
please eafl Marie Gamer, 

Alfred Marks Recruitment Consultants, 
1st Floor, 100 Oxford Street, London W1. 

Tel: 01-631 5262 




47 New Bond Street London. W1Y9HA. 


KSKNBB. W1 Good typing 
manner to deal with 
Enthusiastic to become PR 


and clients. 
(£ 11 , 000 . 

non-smoking, ‘A’ level and keen sec. 
Audto/SH/tjming with scope to progress. Small 
Gvety W1 office. £9.500. 

DANCE PR Sec + WP mvolved in dress 
reversals, fast nights. Susy, exciting but 
committed job. £8,500. 

THEATRICAL AfiSfTS require sec with audio 
60/50 skills. Lots of diem contact aid 
org an ising. Great fun, friendly team. £6,800. 






We are tooteng for a receptionist to join our team of consultants 
working on the most exciting engineering project of tee decade. 

Not only would you welcome visitors, but also be involved in a 
variety of office duties. This wiH include logging incoming mail 

ing through telephone 

onto a computerised 
calls and dealing with 

Pelex and Fax communications. 

You should have spoken French good enough to deal with 
telephone enquiries and have experience in inputing information 
into a computer. 

We are looking for a not easily ruffled mid 20’s presentable 

Only applications in writing please to Miss. C. Worthington, 17th 
Floor, Atkins SETEC, Portland House, Stag Place, London 
SW1E 5BJ. 


letter or young sec toi 

7 days a fortnight 
pne atena t e w oMt enflfl. 

llam-iam. Graatvanety. 


For further derate 


Judy taqabmon Limited 

47 New Bond Street. London. W1YSHA. 


c£1 2,000+ 

Grow wSh ttts property teretopment company and set 
up raw Mayfar headquarters. Confident. articntetB. well 
presented candidate with 100/60 sffls. numeracy and 
adnwglratiTOaWity should call us now. faeat potential. 
Age 28-32. 



Ol -629 Olll 


up to £10,500 pa 

One of tee most famous business names in Britain 
needs a decreet highly pro f e s sional secretary for a 
top company director based in NW London. Two 
years experie n ce at director level Is essential for 
(Ms key rale In their prestigious pubfc affairs 
department- Shorthand essential. Cross training on 
IBM Otspiaywrtte 3 wdfl be provided. Rve weeks 
hols, company restaurant, social facilities. 

Pfaasa contact Liz Carpaafcr. qaefeg reft H75/Z879. 

King 01-834 9591 


£6,500 pa + 

Tbe colourful and friendly world of book pubfishing 
could be the Ideal setting tor your first job after college, 
even If your shorthand needs potistiing. A wide range of 
office duties need your attention in tits busy overseas 
marketing departm ent m West London. Rewards 
include twice yearly bonus, generous travel 
supplement, LVs, 4 weeks hols and regular salary 


Phase caabct BoaMb Aadmoa qmtfcg ret R833/Z7S8. 

01 - 839 4833 


UP TO £9,000 p.a. 

A wride range of int ere st in g duties awaits your 
reception experience and typing ability with this wed 
established international tr adi ng and finance 
company based In Central London. A Rttie know- 
ledge of French and/or German would be an asset 
in this busy environment, where you wfil be part of a 
team of three. 

Please contact ABmm Joan quoting reft R23X/B720. 

c. £8,000 

Applications are invited from, experienced audio secretaries to 
join the Joint Committee on Postgraduate Training for General 
Practice in our London headquarters. 

Applicants should have WP e xp er ie nce and organisational 
skills. Age under 26 years. 

Application form and job description from 01 581 3232 ext 227 
Please quote reference 8/HG. Dosing date 28th November: ’ 


nrnnum 2 years experience, 
COrroanyAxnunwcWMaw. WP 
tewwtadqn tworopm systsm 
8000 preferred Put w4 (TOSS 
ran), mendy Bmi In Hoaxxn. 

■ « 


01-242 5805 wet 219. 
No Agenda 




iasnan secretary 
I assaanl to Director. 
Age 27+. Salary negotiable 
McoKting to age and 
Telephone 499 0996 



Frequently travelling Vice Presidciit of European HQ of 
American drinks Co needs a down^o-eanb SKtmry triih 
90/60 10 aid and abet him! Experience in a technical 
environment + one EUROPEAN language + tron- 
commincr essential. Call Katyn on 408-1631. 

Middleton Jeffers 

ALFRED MARKS I 01 - 63 1 5262 

41 P3i! Mali. SW1 




205 Victoria Sc. SWf 


Beyond the regular Secretarial cycle? 
Interested in marketing? Energetic and self 
motivated? We might have the position 
that you seek so send your C.V. 10 : 

Loudon House, 

266 Fulham Road, 

London SW10 9EJL 


up to £7,000 pa 

Tha Mods department of a respected advertising 
agency m London’s West Bid awaits your fiveiy 
personality and accurate copy typing sfcffls. There’s 
telephone work, p fas regular opportunities to help tee 
creative department. Opport u nities for progression if 
you are keen and interestsd. Benefits include 4 weeks 
hols and subsidised canteen. 

Ol - 499 5881 


£10,000 pa plus perks 

F^rthe rewar^ o f prov kfing a secretarial service to 

.ff* * *«*teand. a udio, WP and cSent Bason skflte. 
yo^Preoa vecro ^ te&img on Digital WP plus an 
■S*. 11 ”* package factuding 4% weeks hols, 
mortgage subsidy, season ticket and personal loans, 
pension scheme and £2-50 a day lunch aBowaijcft 

Pterec cortad Joas HateBoe awting ra t T09BB373. _ 

16 Lansdowne Row BerV.eteySq. 

Please nte l Rbsk earner 

raft 1538/1918. 



iQQO*fQPd si. 


c£l 1,000 

^r™f£?«7 4 ' 34 ew*Pti«Ml presemathjn A 
sk ills of 90/50 you wiU pul your AdmioisiiBliw 
*° Sgpg nic whilst worting for this Senior. 

tsssstusx i 

Middleton Jeffers 

mu in mm mi iiniiin 


» * . V 


£ '■ * 
if .at fa. 

4 . » 

^ ; 


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... ' f _ r„ 





\ _ p.ftge 

/•_ ,-L* E '' 




taS 5 Flam speaking can make a winning team 


1 By* Correspondent 

Speedwell Renner's rebuild- 
ing programme over the 
three years looks set to pay 
dividends this season in the 
shape of Yemen’s first division 
title in the Royal Rai> k Enpi^i. 
League. The Avon side lead the 
first division with a 100 per cent 
record from their seven m a tch es 

and the dub coach, Steve Noth, 
made ft dear yesterday that the 

title is his priority. 

"Only three players remain 
from the tom that last won the 
title in 1983," Nuth said. “Our 
aim this season is to -win the 
league and get bade into the 
European Carpi That is the level 
of. competition we need to 
improve." Having h«nm the 
1984 champions. Capital CSty 
3-0 last Sunday, Speedwell face 
a testing weekend ahead with 
matches away to Liverpool City 
and Leeds Dcagonara. 

Potania, the champions, have 
had their title grip loosened by 
the loss of the English player of 
the year, Mark Banasierncz. who 
is playing in Germany this 
season, and have already lost to 
Malory. The London dub can 
make up lost ground however 
when they navel to Bath to fiice 
Speedwell on December 21. 

There are three unbeaten 
teams in the men's first division 
of the Royal Bank 
League, but that will change cm 
Saturday when two of them, 
Krystal Hear, from Ardrossan, 
the champions, and BefishDl 
Cardinals meet head on. Cardi- 
nals are still a major force 
despite losing four players dur- 
ing the dose season. 

The Cardinals coach, Tom 
Krawczyk, reasons: “I don't 
think there is another side in 
Scotland who could mala* such 
an impact after losing four of 
their key players.” The only 
other unbeaten side in the 
division. MIM LMnfpton, face 
East Kilbride and Team 
Keyplant this weekend. 


factor in sport so 
often is team 

spirit Having it. 

as Liverpool have it, is the 

platform for success. Not having 
it, as Somerset apparently did not 
have it, is the way towards defeat 
How can that elusive spirit be 
captured? John Syer provides the 
clues in two articles in The 

Times. Syer, a sports 

psychologist who has worked 
with footballers, cyclists, rugby 
players, cricketers and volleyball 
players, is the author of a new 
book on the team experience . 
Here, he explains how conflict 
can be channelled into creativity. 


teve Perryman tokl me recently that the 
Oxford United football team used to have a 
ritual . called “the honesty hour” once a 
month. This was an informal meeting at 
which each player could voice any negative 
feelings he had about the play and behaviour of his 
team-males. When the hour was up, the astral norm of 
polite dissimulation was restored. ; 

It reminds me of yoar idea,” said Perryman, 
referring to an exercise we’d done at Tottenham a 
couple of times during the run-up to the 1982 FA Cup. 
“You know, when you go round the circle and get each 
player to say something he appreciates about the next 
man’s play and foen says one thing he'd Hke that pteyer 
to change.” ■ - • ■ 

When a coach gives time for feedback — on a match 
or on the first part of the season, for instance — the 
same process occurs. If be knows how to guide such a 
session, he can help players to appreciate, respect and 
even enjoy each other's idiosyncracies, as they 
discover their identity as a team. 

It is a gradual process, all the more gradual if the 
players are unused to discussion or toad discussion be- 
ing conducted through the coach himself, but it is a 
process which leads to a united strength that is hand for 
opponents to disturb. 

Peter Roebuck once explained to me that it was diffi- 
cult to gel county cricket players together for a team 
meeting because they were already with each other for 
days on end and from one end of the day to the other. 
He has a point, which is not unrelated to Phil 
Edmonds's request for a single room when away on a 

Test tour. Team athletes on tour perform better if the 
coach knows how to lead a limited discussion meeting 
and calls such a meeting regularly. However, they will 

perform better still if the same athletes are encouraged 
to spend part of each day alone. 

The touring athlete is always in danger of getting 
stuck in a "middle zone” where he neither focuses his 
attention (and remarks) directly on the team's 
performance nor puts it entirely out of his mind: the 
whole time between matches is then spent exchanging 
good or not-so-good-humoured banter. 

Submerged by this banter are often a host of issues 
that need serious attention. If these issues are ignored, 
the captain has to make hasty decisions on his own, 
without the valuable insight that his players could 

Each player has an emotional 
as well as tactical role 


English League 




































Redwood L 



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Liverpool C 


















Capital cay 

*-« — ■» 




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Hidden difficulties can 
undermine a team’s potential 


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Scottish League 
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KinUh 6 4 2 

Scottish Fm 8 2 4 

Dundee 6 1 S 

Keyplant 4 13 

Pastoy 6 0 6 

Falcon Jet* B 0 8 

Fmnlee . S 4 1 is 5 

PrnvtnciaM • 4 4 0 12 3 

KiwCMa .5 3 2 9 10 

ScootanFm 4 2 2 8 8 

Gtesgow B ; 5 2 3 8 8 

Carluke -'312 23 

WNttum 3 8 3 3 9 

Lvfaeit 3 0 8 19 

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3 18 





the way 

By Roy Moor 

Seven of Britain's 
international swimmers have 
been chosen to compete in the 
US .Open championships in 
Orlando, Florida, from Decem- 
ber 5 to 7.. 

All are based in North Amer- 
ica and arc led by Andrew 
Jameson, of Liverpool, a world 
championships medal winner, 
who, along with Neil Cochran, 
Paul Howe and Gary Watson, is 
studying at Arizona State 
University. Annabefle Cripps, 
of the University of Texas; and 
Suki Browndson and Simone 
Hindmarch, both attending the 
University of Calgary, complete 
the seven. 

Adrian Moorfaouse, Sarah 
Hardcasde and Kevin Boyd 
were among leading British 
competitors who declined an 
invitation to compete, 
Moorfaouse and Boyd no doubt 
preferring to avoid the extra 
travel before the European Cup 
event at Mai mo a week later. 
The two men will also be 
competing in the Canada Cup 
just before the Orlando event, 
while Miss Hardcasde is resting 
from foe sport. 

A number of others, such as 
Caroline Cooper, the double 
Commonwealth Gam 
medal winner, are tied tro with 
exams. Puri Hickson, toe na- 
tional team coach who is 10 
manage the team m Orlando, 
will be particularly interested in 
the performances of the seven 
“exiles” as they, are expected to 
be in the foil British team 10 
compete in Malmo. 


lightning win 
for surfer 

Austeaha (A F) — Paste 
Tostee, the Mauritian sorter, 
qualified for a mayor inter- 
national event in Newcastle just 
24 hoars after bring struck by 


Tostee, was discharged teem 
hospital only 30 mis Dies before 
his first-round coolest in the 

qualifying event. for the 8HP 
Steel luia 

- A** * 

. International and sorted 
four times to secure a place- in 
the main event. 

Tostee, gged I*. thrown 
more than three metres, onto 
reeks by the lightning, which 
struck him while ho Was on the 
beach on Monday, ffe spent tire * 
in hospital, bring mated | 


Any team in any sport is made up of individuals 
with different backgrounds of experience, different 
patterns of behaviour, different ways of seeing foe 
same event 

While these difficulties remain hidden, they usually 
_ %vent the team from adneving its potential for a bal- 
anced intuitive performance, ttWchis of a higher order 
than can ever be reached when foe individuals don't 
combine. Hence foe value of plain speaking. 

When I was coach to foe Scottish men's volleyball 
team, I would instinctively try to select players who got 
oh well together. I came to team that this was 
unnecessary and possibly wrong, 
win. have moments of conflict when attempting to 
op e rate as a team. It may have been wrong because, al- 
fobogb there must be a measure of&osz and respect be- \ 
tween playera before sncharitnalasan^iiaiiiesty hour” 
nan work, foe greater foe dffierence of views, the more 
likely iz is that discussion will throw up somo-cxciting 
new ideas or approach that no one individual could 
have thought of alone andfoat wfll be particutariy dis- 
concerting to opponents. . 

. Whatever the truth of the situation at Somerset 
County Cricket dub, I now behove that it is wrotu in 
principle to take into account apparent comparability 
(or its absence] when, selecting a team. 

f think' it is foe coach's or the manager's or foe 
captain's job to foster good rdationships, communica- 
tion and team spirit, after selection, has been made on 
foe grounds of individual ability alone - although I 
concede that all coaches must work within their own 
limitations and that if they haven't yet learned to 
create team spirit, they may have to scratch around for 
ready-made elements in the meantime. 

Probably the most difficult decision involving 
selection thata coach has to make is wbefoer to choose 
a brilliant player for whom he has a personal 
antipathy. ! believe that both Keith Buririns&aw and 
Pieter Shreeve, while they were managers of Totten- 
ham, were able to mate such a selection, but probably 
at foe expense of some personal stress and foe need to 
maintain a greater distance from players than was 
altogether desirable. ... 

There are not a lot ofoptions for the coach who has 
made such a choice. He can isolate himself; he can 
adopt a steel-hard authoritarian approach, or he can 
a dmft bis feelings to the team and allow foe team to 
offer support and guidance while teeing foe conflict 

The first option creates stress and keeps team spirit 
at a low ebb but just maintains foe status quo. 

. The second option is effective to begin with but 
drives iU-feefing and conflict underground, where it 
foments and is prone to explode with disastrous 

The third option is unthinkable for most pro- 
fessional coaches because it seems to involve letting go 
of all control. This is easier when the coach has an 
assistant and a captain with se nsitive tewdentiwp skills 
oftbeir own, however. If the risk is then taken, the re- 
ward is not just finding a way to live with the player 
concerned, supporting his performance, but also a 
considerable heightening of team spirit through 
everyone having been involved. 

A coach develops his own style with experience. By 
and large, I think those who are most successful have 
readied a point where theyare available to the players 
and demonstrate that they care but do not present 
themselves as just one more friend. Probably, when 
starting out, it is better for the coach not to select a 
player for whom he feds great antipathy, because the 
coach won't have foe skill* required to turn such a 
situation to foe team's advantage 

only when his judgement is never questioned; another 
is unable to cope with a lack of feedback. Such factors, 
in addition to personal empathy or antipathy to 
specific athletes, loo often determine choice. 

However, as the coach gains experience and ability, 
these strictures on the selection progress become 
binding and be is free to select players on individual 
ability alone - at least when choosing between athletes 
who dearly tell into the same broad category of attack 
or defence. This is not to deny the importance of tam 
spirit arid foe related skills of relationship and 
communication. These are crucial but the coach is now 
able to develop them from scratch. 

Criticism should be 
meaningful and acceptable 

The most successful coaches are 
aide to show that they care 

In feet, two different coaches, equally adept at 
assessing abffity, will usually choose different teams. 
When I stopped coaching the Scottish volleyball team, 
Nick Moody took over and immediately included a 
player I had excluded for years, potting him straight 
into the first six line-up. Players who are valued by one 
football manager may lie summarily droppedby his 
successor— ostensibly in disagreement over ability but 
often for more complex reasons. 

It may be that the new manager or coach is set on 
devdopfog a certain style ofpby or type of unit- one 
which has always worked effectively for him in foe 
pasL A given style will affect evaluation of different in- 
dividual skills, so foal the ability to ran with foe ball 
may be rated 100 per cent important by one manager 
but only 70 per cent important by another. 

Existing players adapt or leave. New playere are 
chosen for their natural ability to fit into the system. 
And there are still other concealed reasons for selecting 
a particular team. One manager might be comfortable 

Once he has selected those athletes who are most 
gifted individually, the coach has a finite group but not 
yet a team. In all probability, the group thrown up by 
such a selection process will contain several points oi 
potential conflict — either between athletes or between 
one or more athletes and himself. 

To build a team in this way requires a double act oi 
faith — one that is forced on the amateur coach with 
only the bare number of players required but which 
cranes less easily to a professional manager. Why risk 
trouble when reserve team players are almost as good 
and when the transfer market beckons? 

The first article of faith required is in the principle 
that any group of people has a unique potential as a 
team, that it can not only learn to achieve more 
together than it could as a group of individuals but also 
that it can achieve something that no other group of 
people can achieve. 

Last weekend I went to Derby to introduce mental 
training to a group of junior cyclists. Before the first 
session began, the coach wanted me foal one of foe cy- 
clists taking part might be a nuisance and told me to 
send him outside ifbe was. I have found, however, that 
foe potential “nuisance” can lead the group to a deeper 
understanding of the course materiaL 

So long as foe course is experiential, people know 
what they feel as well as what they think. If one mem- 
ber of the group is heavily sceptical or critical, others 
will respond with feeling and a productive debate 
evolves. Invariably, I too learn something from these 
debates because tbe participants are always different. 

Team Spirit The Elusive Experience by John Syer (to 
be published on November 24, Ktngswood Press; 

The second article of faith required of a coach 
wishing to select a team on ability alone is that conflict 
can be creative. Although he knows he discovers a little 
more about his players each time they meet their 
opponents, and requires reserves 10 compete for places 
in the first team, the creative potential of conflict 
between players within that team is less obvious. This 
is not to suggest that the coach should encourage 
conflict bat that when strong disagreements arise, he 
should let them be aired. 

Both tbe exercises I described earlier— the “honesty 
hour” and the like/dislike session — allow criticism to 
be made in a way that is both meaningful and 
acceptable to the player being criticized. In foe circle 
exercise, such as we used at Tottenham, the fact that 
each person makes his point in turn ensures that foe 
criticism isn't made in anger and gives a good chance 
of it leading to change. 

Of course, a coach could remain standing and go 
along a line of players, making the criticisms himself; 
but foe players’ additional insight into foe way they 
combine on the field would then be lost. 

The appreciation part of the exercise is also 
important Unless such an opportunity is created, 
players rarely voice such feelings. When they do, team 
spirit rises by several degrees. 

It also helps 10 remember that any bad feeling 
experienced and expressed by one or more members of 
the team in some way belongs to the team as a whole. 
Tbe team is an organism, and ill-feeling is a sign of im- 
balance. When the anger is expressed or foe 
provocative behaviour explored, a pattern involving 
all members of the ream will emerge. 

Each team member has an unstated emotional as 
well as tactical role. Someone is the joker, someone 
makes foe criticisms that no one else will make, 
someone else preaches the party line. If the critic is 
edged out of the team, nothing is solved. Within days, 
another player will have adopted the role, maintaining 
the pattern, even if that pattern is “neurotic.” 

The pattern serves a purpose. If some team 
member's role is to change, the purpose of this role 
must first be identified so that a more acceptable way 
of satisfying that need may be found. 

When two players are arguing, foe coach should 
deflect appeals to his judgement tack to other players, 
asking them all to give their feedback to the 
contestants. This can be done only if foe team sits in a 

The coach also needs to insist that players start then- 
sentences by “I feel that _** — not “we—” or “foe 
team ...” - and that they address each other directly by 
name and by “you,” not refer to each other as “he.” 
They then command attention and draw an equally 
genuine response. 

When it seems to be just one player (often a “star”) 
who is causing trouble, it should be made possible for 
others to express their resentments and needs. 
Thereafter appreciations can be expressed and foe 
team can use the time remaining to brainstorm 
together for alternative solutions, the conflict now 
being seen in a wider context 
This process of openly exploring conflict can be a 
strange and demanding journey but one the team 
began to make at Tottenham Hotspur in foe years I 
was there. 

It is always an exciting process. The difference 
between foe players' various natures becomes clearer 
as each learns he is free to explore and express his 

potential At the same time, the sense of unity grows 
fast ai ' ' 

1st and when foe coach or manager invokes team 
spirit prior to a match, the invocation begins to elicit a 
more genuine and powerful response. 



Perryman: “Honesty” exerdse 




Bmirinshaw: Difficult decisions Roebuck: Familiarity problems 

The building of the element that everybody 
wants: confidence. 


Navratilova settles her Selection 

score with Lindqvist 

From Barry Wood, New York 

Martina Navratilova was 
determined to take an exacting 
revenge on Catarina Lindqvist 
for the. four match points hdd ' 
a gainst her In Stuttgart last, 
month, and did so. with a 6-3, 6- 
0 victory in the first round of the 
Virginia Slims championships 
in Sew York. 

because I heard a call and 
thought ft mmi* from the umpire 
or linesman. 1 didn't .try and' 
play the foot,” Miss lindqvist 

tour for 
top men 


hi foe next game Miss 
Navratilova won. the final point 
with a disputed ace, and that 
' u> break-foe Swede’s 

It was the Swedish No. I s 
heaviest defeat by Miss 
Navratilova in five meetings 
and took precisely an hour. 

Miss Lindqvist foiled 
to perform at anything dose to 
tbe level foe displayed last 
month, ft was obvious Miss 
Navratilova had a score to 

“It wasn't bard to' get up for 
the match because we were so 
close -last time,” Miss 
Navratilova said. .“I have never 
played really sharp against her 
and wanted to show her what I 
can do.” . 

did, d- 
at crucial 

“That baD was half a foot 
wide,” Miss Navratilova said. 
-“Tl looted out, it felt out.” 

refused to 
for her defeat, 
served and 
than hrt 

That foe 

though she was 

In the second game, winch 
bad already gone to deuce su 
times on Miss Lmdqvist's serve, 
a : backhand from Miss 

Navratilova appeared to land at 

fraff a fool over the base hue, 
but tbe only call that was made 

came from - foe rowdy Madison 

Square Garden < 

The call distracted ! Miss 
1 mAp riti- who didn't even 
attempt to ' play- : Miss 
Navratilova's, drop shot*. ..ana*. 

that gave foe i._ 
and a 2-0 lead mlhe; 

*1 actually wanned 


blame foe 
however. “She 
returned much 
time," foe said. 

Miss Navratilova played the 

match with a mysterious Mjp 
in jury- S he admitted that she is 
laiffeimg from pain in her 
flexor that feds like a 
nerve. ... 

“It might be there for one 
game and if* really painful, and 
then it’s perfectly OK. I get very 
tight Tonight I got some exten- 
sive stretching and fth very 
loose there .was no pain,” 

Miss Navratilova said. 

Hana Mamfl ibova and Pam 
Shriver also advanced to the 
quarter-finals with predictable 
victories over less favoured 

Miss Mahdlikova won 6-2, 6- 
4 over . the American, Terry 
Phelps, while Miss Shriyer took 

her fifth straight $&* win against 
Raffeclla Reggi, "of Italy, 
pcsgresangfr-% 6-L . 

. i 

-M.8-11 MNWfataMOjattC 
H Mansfeva 

ICzj »T Mate flisj&a. 54. 

Britain's top men will spend 
re weeks m Australia in 
preparation for tbe European 
Team Cup in January and the 
Davis Cup fitst round tie in 
Mexico next March. . 

The nine-member party, with 
the British No. 1, Roger Taylor, 
as coach and manager, are 
Stuart Bale (Middlesex), Jeremy 
Bates (Surrey), Stephen Botfidd 
(Essex), Andrew Castle (Somer- 
set), Dave Fdgate (Essex), Nick 
Fulwood (Derbyshire), Jason 
Goodall (YorkshireX James 

Turner (Avon) and Mike 
Walker (North Wales). 

The group will depart on 
December 18 to play a grand 
prix tournament in Adelaide 
then travel to foe New Zealand 
Open in Auckland. 

Pan! Hutchins, the national 
team manager, raid: “I have 
made it quite dear fo the players 
that selection for the European 
and Davis Cup teams will very 
much depend on form at these 

The team for the European 
Cup, in Hanover, from January 
2? to Fforuaiy I, wfll be sdected 
daring the first week of foe 

Australian Open. 

Following the European Cup. 
a squad of five or six players win 
be sent to the United Rates to 
compete in various events lead- 
ing up to foe Davis Cirp from 
March 13 to 13. Hmchins 
added: “With John Lloyd and 
on their grand prix 'commit- 
ments it certainly leaves plenty 
of opportunity for players to 
show- me that , they want to 
challenge for places in the Davis 
Cap team. 

Revolutionary change needed 

Bewfldermegt and anger s eem 
to be replacing resignation as 
Britain's pundits reflect on the 
humiliation inflicted by the 
Australians at both dub and 
international level Bradford 
Northern, joint second in the 
first division, were expected to 
throw down some sort of gaunt- 
let to the touring team on 
Tuesday, particularly since the 
rain provided conditions more 
suited to a British team than to 
Australians used to sunshine 
and dry ground. 


Keith Macktei 

However, Northern were put 
to tbe sword just as clinically as 
every other side th«r hag chal- 
lenged the Kangaroos, and only 
that experienced international 
warrior. Terry Holmes, looked 
remotely in the same class as foe 
confidently . strutting 

Wally Lewis, securely estab- 
lished as foe world's finest all- 
round player, dictated the game 
at half pace, and after weather- 
ing the usual early flurries, the 
touring team swept in for tries 
when they felt like it 

Afterwards there were strong 
words about the English game 
from many quarters, including 
some from a man who has 
watched Rugby League at foe 
closest range throughout foe 
world, tire sow retired top 
international referee, Billy 
Thompson. Tommo, as he is 

is „a Yorkshireman of lihut 
opinions, and he is always 
wilting to give them. 

“What on earth is wrong with 
our game? We jura don't seem 
able to compete. There's all this 
talk, about us being a few years 
behind the Ansszcs, but we seem 
to be centuries behind them. 
Some of onr League players nr 
this country are second-mars 
compared with the Australians, 

and would struggle to 
even third grade m Anscralia. 

“When the Australians train, 
they don't just merely train as a 
team. Every player is given his 
own individual training routine, 
to suit his special abilities and 
needs, and is put on his honour 
to stick to it in bis own time. 
They care enough to do it. and 
they train like full-time 

Thompson poured cold water 
on the comfortable theory that 
success comes in cycles, and that 
the Australian squad, and 
particularly magnificent players 
such as Sterling, Lewis, Kenny 
and Jack, will eventually be 
overtaken by anno dominL 
“We’re deluding ourselves if we 
believe that. There are dozens of 
youngsters back in Australia just 
waiting to take over when 
Lewis, Sterling and company 
finis h." 

Yet the outlook is by no 
means entirely bleak for the 
British game, and there is still 
time for Maurice Bamfhrd’s 
shell-shocked hoops to win a 
few spurs and honour in foe 
final international, a World Cup 

S me, at Wigan on Saturday. 

t crest in foe Rugby League 
code has never been higher in 
Britain, with the brilliance of the 
Australians drawing tributes, 
however reluctant and envious, 
even from members of foe 
Rugby Union hierarchy. 

Attendances and gate receipts 
for . foe current tour have been 
remarkable. On Tuesday nearly 
11,000 were at Bradford on a 
horri ble night, with those on the 
terraces shivering and soaked 
under umbrellas which afforded 

minimal protection. David 
Howes, the League's public 
relations officer, says that given 
a reasonable five-figure atten- 
dance at Wigan on Saturday, 
receipts for the three matches 
will top half a million pounds 
for tbe first time ever. If the 
crowd is more than 19,000, foe 
aggregate for tbe series will 
surpass 100,000 for the first 
time since the post-war heyday 
of spectator sports in 194& 

The scintillating attacking 
play of tbe Kangaroos has won 
admiration throughout the 
country with foe help of tele- 
vision, and much of this will rub 
off and benefit the domestic 
game when the tourists have left 
for France and borne. Memories 
are short, foe pain of defeat 
fades rapidly, and the new 
legion of British fens will watch 
the best that domestic Rugby 
League can offer, with pas- 
sionate club loyalties replacing 
tbe temporary disillusionment 

Whether in the long term 
Britain's players and 
can come to terms with the 
harsh realities and challenges of 
Australian supremacy is another 
matter entirely. The ball is in 
their court as it has been since 
foe first canings from Australia 
in 1978, . and it seems that 
nothing short of a revolution m 
t h ink ing and effort from 
schoolboys upwards, will nar- 
row the gap. 

Same Dorset 

Dorset and Wilts, who pushed 
Devon, the group fevountes, so 
hard last week before losing 16- 
13, keep foe same side for their 
final Thom EMI county cham- 
pionship south west second 
division match with Oxford- 
shire at Wim borne on Saturday. 
Devon most beat Bucks .at 
Aylesbury for foe group title. ’ 





By Peter Aykroyd 

B tanka Panova, of Bulgaria, 
the joint European champion, 
heads a field of distinguished 
rhythmic gymnasts from eight 
countries at the Entry's Inter- 
national ai Wembley Con- 
ference Centre on Saturday. 

Renowned for her dexterity 
and balletic style. Miss Panova 
is a potential world champion. 
Coached by Neshka Robeva, foe 
leading Bulgarian coach, she is 
tbe holder of an almost un- 
believable world record. In 
April, she dominated foe Wies- 
baden tournament with a total 

of 80 points, achieving perfect 
the all- 

tens on all her pieces in 
round and individual apparatus 

Miss Panova’s main rival is 
her colleague, Adriana Dun- 
avska. an experienced inter- 
national who took the bronze 
medal at this event last year. 
Prancisca Dumiireascu, foe 
Romanian champion, also has 
an excellent chance of a medal 
in the absence of foe Soviet 
Union, further pressure is ex- 
pected from two other national 
champions — Jolana 
Dvorakova. of Czechoslovakia, 
and Isabel Uoret, of Spain. _ 

For Britain, Lorraine Priest, 
foe British champion, and Jac- 
queline Leavy. the No. 2, hope 
to improve on foe fifth and sixth 
(daces they achieved respec- 
tively last year, but their train- 
ing time has been restricted by 
study for university examina- 
tions. Most of foe other compet- 
itors have academic studies 
arranged to suit training 


. - j 

iTSSBi* « ?gS?€J!B',£!BVi5g: SaSS»> 





Versatile Accuracy to 
relish Haydock trip 

By Mandari n 

Accuracy, who hails from a 
stable in superb form and 
whose fitness is guaranteed 
from the Flat, tan take advan- 
tage of her lenient mark in the 
Coral Golden Hurdle Quali- 
fier at Haydock Park this 

A most consistent stayer on 
the Flat, Accuracy took well to 
hurdling last season and was 
particularly impressive when 
winning at Newbury on 
Hennessy day. She failed to 
win again but ran some fair 
races, notably when a close 
third to the useful My Domin- 
ion at Fontwell In February. 

As good as ever on the level 
this year. .Accuracy finished 
her season with a fourth place 
in the Cesarewitch and a 
victory in a competitive 
handicap at Doncaster's clos- 
ing meeting. 

Toby Balding, her trainer, is 
enjoying his best speD for 
many a year and although 
Accuracy is untried over 
today’s trip of 2% miles, there 
is every reason to think she 
will relish iL 

The dangers are numerous 
and the likes of Sporting 
Mariner. Croix De Guerre and 
Small Noble will not be long 
in winning. Bui Accuracy 
should have the edge in fitness 
over that trio and a more 
troublesome rival may be 
Motivator, who reappears 
quickly alter chasing home 
Kildimo at Ascot on Friday. 

Withy Bank, three places 
behind Accuracy in the 
Cesarewitch, misses the Coral 
qualifier to go for the Rainford 
Conditional Jockeys' Handi- 
cap Hurdle and chat should 
prove a wise move on the part 
of his connections. 

An impressive winner on 
only his second outing over 
hurdles at Newcastle in 
March, Withy Bank looks 
attractively weighted here and 
may have too much pace on 
the Oat for such as Wanda vi 
and Peace Terms. 

Martin Pipe can improve 
his already excellent Haydock 
record by saddling his prolific 
juvenile. Melendez, to gain his 
seventh successive victory in 
the Nonhem Junior Hurdle. 

Those hardy old campaign- 
ers. Corbiere, Lucky Vane and 
Kumbi, dash once more in the 
HLH Timber Chase but on 
this occasion I prefer the year 
younger Knock H3L who 
proved his liking for this trip 
when winning at Cheltenham 
and Warwick in January. 

An encouraging fifth behind 
Burnt Oak at Newbury earlier 
this month. Knock Hill looks 
set for another successful sear 
son and can take full advan- 
tage of the weight he receives 
from the aforementioned trio. 

Kumbfs trainer. Ginger 
McCain, may fere better in the 
opening EBF Novices' Hurdle 
Qualifier with Fervent Hope, 
who has bags of scope and 
makes a speedy reappearance 

after finishing fourth at 

Uttoxter only last Thursday. 

Making an even swifter 
return is Castle Warden, an 
early feller in the race won by- 
Bolands Cross at Ascot on 
Saturday. He faces only three 
rivals iu the Lutteur in 
Handicap Chase at Kempton 
Park and should be up to 
conceding 201b to Gold 

Yet another to have run 
well in the last week is Tom 
Forrester, who chased home 
the useful None Too Dear at 
Towcester last Thursday. As 
that was his first race over 
hurdles for two years and only 
his second in all, substantia] 
improvement can be ex- 
pected. With Richard 
Dnnwoody booked to ride and 
the opposition nothing to 
shout about, Tom Forrester 
looks a worthy nap. 

My other principal fancies 
at the Sun bury track are 
Freemason, who should con- 
tinue Oliver Sherwood's good 
week by winning the Fairview 
Homes Handicap Hurdle, and 
Astral, who can defy his 
double penalty for Ron Smyth 
in the Junior Novices' Hurdle. 

At Taunton, I like the look 
of Rix Woodcock in the 
Progressive Newsagent 
Handicap Hurdle. A model of 
consistency in his own grade 
last season, Rix Woodcock ran 
well to be fifth to Open The 
Box at Windsor 12 days ago 

Forgive’n Forget 
puts trainer on 
top of the world 

at 5-1 to repeat his ***Sv*c*w£ 
in the C b ritwrtwm CoU Oy 

after C * bx *f?SL'i£t 

c qgamm tPOUS case to the Ed- 
ward Hamser Memorial Chase 
at Haydock yesterday. 

•TB bring him back here for 


brafontog of December, Mid 
jSSyFazatrald. “Anri after 
that Ifthflsttn ahead for the 
King George at Kempton on 
Tbm _ 


he showed 
J fee Coral Golden 
HanOe final at Cketentoua in 
1983 and agal* when besting By 
The Way in fee 2%-raBe 
Timefann Chase on this course 
two season s later. And yesterday 

Fotgfve'n Forget was never oat 
of a canter before sprinting dear 
mi fee ran-in to win by 



By Mandarin 

Guide to our in-line racecard 

j.OO Fervent Hope. 
1.30 Permabos. 

2.00 Melendez. 

2.30 Knock Hill. 
3.00 Withy Bank. 

3.30 Accuracy. 

103(12) 0-0432 TOESHXM (CZW (Ms JRytoy)B Hal 9-10-0. 

Racecard number. Draw in brackets. Six-Hours 
terra (F-Jef. P-puflad up. IFunsooed rider. B- 
brought down. S-sfipped up. R-refused). Horse s 
narne l&hhnkers. V-vfsor. H-hood. E-EyestiteW. C- 
D-dtetance winner. CD-couree 

B West (4) 88 7-2 

and distance winner. BFtaatan favourite in latest 
race). Owner in brackets. Trainer. Age and 
weighL Rider pto any allowance. The Times 
Private Haraficspper's rating. Approximate starting 

SL30 HIM. TIMBER HANDICAP CHASE (£3,674: 4m) (7 runners) 

Michael Seely's selection: 3.30 Motivator. 

The Times Private Handi capper’s top rating: 100 MELENDEZ. 

Going: good to soft 

14) EBF NOVICE HURDLE (Qualifier £1,541: 2m) (13 runners) 

213P/34 LUCKY VANE P>) (Mss B Swire) G Baking 11-11-7.. 
13130P- KUMD (0(0 Lull) D McCain 11-11-6. 

412F2-0 CORBERH (B Burrough) Mrs J Pitman 11-10-12— 
Q411P-0 KNOCK MLL(D) (P Thompson) J Webtor 10-1M . 

0P010-0 COVBfr GARDBI (B)(R Parton) W Qajr 8-10-1 . 
4F3111 BLACKHAWK STAR (W WUaon) K 0*ver 12-100 {Sex) ■ 
20-BHS2 PURPUE SEAM (rBamas)T Banes 7-1M. 

J Rost 88 3-1 

.SMorabtad W99 9-2 

- BdtHon 96 6-1 

. G Mangb 96 7-2 

_ SJO’NoN 9533-1 

. JKMnaiw 97 F5-2 

- JKKtata 67 50-1 













0 CA0EBY (RScfnmylRSdnley 5-11-0.. 

CHIEF BUCKANEB1 (M Pincsfl) Mm M Runefl 4-11-0 

0 COLLEGE SILK (Portal Develo pm ents) D McCain 4-11-0 

0- OASHALONQ |Mrs C Black) MOfcwr 4-t 1-0 

macO*AW (National Pig Development) Mrs M Rsneu 5-11-0 . 

2-4 FEHVENTHOre(BF)(OLunt}DMcCan 4-11-0 

0 GOLDS! FLirrrait (A Lomas) EH Owen |un 4-11-0 

0/0 KILLSNAGH-PflMCE (R Cuppa) GW Richards 6-11-0 

11 RAPIER THRUST (fl White) Jimmy Ftagerald 4-114) 

OP-3 RIVER TR0tff(J Taylor) CTnetfino 01 1-0 

. A Sharps 
. KDoofan 
_ RCrartr 

— 12-1 
— 12-1 

1985c BIG BROWN BEAR 8-10-0 R Storage (14-1) G Bwtaw B ran 

CO DM LUCKY VANE (126) 171 4» to < 
runm wen corse 

— 12-1 good. 

Oct 31. 10 

_ Nov30.Sranl.CORt 

with COVENT CJUUJBi (10-1) 

00- STAY ON TRACKS (PPdeflWA Stephenson 4-11-0 
3000P- HRS FOLEY (C Creed) MOKwer 5-10-9 

- 10-1 
A Morphy (7) W98F2-1 



U Dwyer — 7-2 

J Sntbem 92 11-2 


M ^Maxceltem effort an fired start last season wfien 51 ax! to HaroyLadllO- 
^DmatAyr(4m120vds. £20102, good . Apr19.24rat» KHOCKWU-(l1- 

£2981. good. Not 5m 7 ran). 

n (10-10) ia atCarftsJo (3m, £2051 . 

|( 104 ) at Cteterick ( 3 m It. £ 2402 , 

7) wfl benefit from 
good to soft Nav 10. 9 ran), 
firm. Nov ft 3 rani 


RIGTON ANGLE (J Rose) C J BeO 5-10-9 . 

. J Doggeri 

G BrecSoy — 8-1 

1985: HONEYGHOVE BANKER 4-11-8 J J CTNeB (04 fav) D McCain 16 ran 

CnDM CADEBY (11-49 ran respectably on hunNng I 

“V4ralVI Southweapm. £1427. good. Oct 30, 14 ran) 

has the best buiriee frxm. (10-12)41 2nd to SwMwe Croft (1 0-12)at SedgeneU(2m. £548, goodl 
1985. 10 ran). RAPIER THRUST (11-12) oasfy disposed of 16 rivals in a Hexham MH. Rat race. 

GLE (10-1 1) Showed plenty of promise on Mariana debut when a tair 201 aid to La Curette 01-0) at Warwick 
(2m, £879. firm. Sept 20. i7 ran). RIVER 1HOUT (10-12) made good Me headway when 111 3rd to RfflnakS 
Dawn (10-1 2) at Stratford (2m. fB85. good. Nov 6, 17 ran). 

debut when 201 5th to Charmaieon OM (109) at 
FERVENT HOPE needed race on reappe ara nce. 

to soft. Dec 26 


0/00000 0»CKBTCP(M Pipe) MPtpe 012-3 

J Lower 

89 01 

84 101 

- K Cotta P) 


931200 RAPID BEAT (JWaflnilW A Staplwrnan 01010 

AMenrtgan H 



014-2 MANDAVI (Mrs K Andaraon) N Henderson 01010 
214003- 8WMH0E CROFT (G Manbi) Mrs M CNckrison 4-109 


J D Darias (3) 





1 JO VAUX BREWERIES NOVICE CHASE (Qualifier: £1 ,868: 3m) (7 runners) 

E Murphy *991=64 

A Jones 95 2-1 

K Ryan (7) 80 8-1 

A Stringer — 16-1 

■ U—ronrt — .14-1 

SMonriwad — 6-1 

— 70 12-1 

44-1 BAIL YMULLISH 0 (Mrs LPtattOjJ Gftfort 6-114 

112 MR FRISK fpJBF) (Mns H DuHey) K Bafley 7-11-8 

2-2FU22 G10LMMG (D Thomas) K Morgan 6-11-0 

10P32/P PERMABOS (M Walker) K Stone 7-11-0 

0401-00 BfT OF ORDER (S Marsh) R Fisher 5-10-12 

04-1 BRIDGETOWN LAO (V Robin) Mrs M Rimel 5-10-12. 
P303P4 GAMEWOOD (G Mason) Mrs C dark EM 0-9. 





10 .... 

11 00000-2 EAMONS OWEN (Mrs A Trowbridge) Mrs SOiver 9-1 04. 

12 33001/0- GLANHAD (J Anderson) R Fisher 7-10-3 

13 00000-1 PEACE TB0N8 (J Beta) G W Richards 4-103 (Bex). 

14 P00003 MNO VOLADOR (H Data) H Date 010-2 

15 024200 GLBI HAVE (teaS Bower) RFrands 7-100 

17 OOOP-OO ACOERWELL D (Mm P Sevan) P Bevnn 10-10-0 

18 OB80-10 HYDE (1 Andaman) I Andwson 9-100 — 

19 000024 MISS MAUNOWSM (J Wfoodtoy) J Gosgrava B-lOO_ 

012P-04 AGRA KMGHTmiW Sturt) JOU 4-10-7. 

. CU*M8yn(S) S3 7-1 
.JaqutOfiwfo) • 99 10-1 

Stamm James fi) 
N Foam (3) 

0301-00 GALTWM(D)(J O’Hanlon) TBU 7-1 0O_ 

OPO/O SOVEREIGNS WAGE (Mrs P Jaynes) J Speartog 7-100. 
OOOOOO DGCEMBRE(G Sanderson) EAMon 4-10-0,, 

A Murphy (5) 

W Humphreys (5) 
— J OHantan (7) 
_ . G HaSmtny (7) 

91 7-1 
74 — 
91 — 
88 — 
98 — 
67 — 

1985; HALF ASLEEP 4-10-0 PFarrafl (54 lav) WBsey 19 ran 

19B& STRANDS OF GOLD 6-11-0 M Dwyer (4-1) Jimmy Rtzgorted 8 ran 

FORM Ex-hteh gefcXng BAU.YMUUISN (11-2) < 
rvnm Wicked Imcte (f I -0) 20 at Kempton (3m, £1 
Hirtar City (11-7) at Cheltenham (3m, £3312, good » fin 
Wr wp 1-0). with PERMABOS ( “ 

ORDER (11-0) cotJd i 

/ft 4 ran). 

. Gtomwia (11 

made an 
,£1963. good, 

am (3m, £3312,' goad to firm, Nov 7. 9 ran). 

5 (ii-0) puled up. at Huntingdon (2m 51, El 
, t in a blow btiiteaHand Ovarfi 1-i)at Bangor fen £2049. good. Nov?. 13 ran). 

GAIEWOWrn^l^^h to Prince Zeus (1 1-0) aat Caterick (3m. £1104. good to firm. Nov ft 8 ran). 

debut when butiny 
a 2nd to Brolren . 
670. good. Oct 25. 11 ran). BIT OF 
D, £2049. good. Nov 7. 1 

2.0 NORTHERN JUNIOR HURDLE (3-Y-O: T1 ,634: 2m 4f) (8 runners) 

l Mb novice term when 141 3rd to Pre- 

- ACERCATE betow forra first 

_ .. tax (10-12) XI ti Ut&nBtar (2m, £725. good. May 15, 15 rail). 

MAMMVI (11-3) showed much improved term to be II 2nd to Whither Goes! Thou (11-3) at Ftompton (2m. 
£1380, good to soft. Nov 10. 11 ran). WITHY BANK (10-8) promised much tor the future when 
Castagno 2X1 at Newcaste (2m Nov H, £1130, go ‘ 

Caritetawtanei f rom Cteen/s Brig (l04n.HYDE(f0- 
back in 6th and CROOfONCi BERRt (1 2-4^ ur^Jiacedl 
a rfisappointing sort but (11-7) beat mrdnior1h(10-7 

“ ■ " : QUICKSTEP 

C (10-8) promisad rr 

111111 MELENDEZ (Craydale Ltd) M Pipe 114 

02310 BANTEL BUSHY (J Taytor Sluxfehai) J Berry 11-0. 
DENBBtDAR (D Newton) R HQBnsheed 11-0- 

IN CONTBfnON (Profiles Carflon) J Wison 11-0.. 

IBAMI M SPRMG (N Goyraer) R Stitabs 11-0 

2110 RIBOVWO(T Pearce) PJ Jones 11-0. 

4U0 SNOWFBtE CHAP (J Plddes Hamogate) HWhanon 11-0- 
023113 HOP PKKBI (W) (R Jeines) K Morgan 19-9 . 

. J Lower (4) *991=4-5 
— JHamee 77 6-1 

P Dover 


— 8-1 
71 — 
— 10-1 

3J0 CORAL GOLDEN HURDLE HANDICAP (Qua&fier: £3,086: 2m 61) (16 rrnners) 

3SU040 TQPfiAMS TAVBINS (R Topham) G M Mbora 5-1 1-6- 
14F0-13 TERN (BF) (G Lestham) M H Easterby 5-11-2. 


. KRym(7) 

021213- HE BLACK SACK (Norih East Paper Ob Ltd) WBsey 9-11-1 
120133- SMALL NOBLE (J Ftetctw) J KetilBWsO 6-19-13. 

1985: BALLYARRV 11-0 R Lamb (74 lav) W A Stephenson 12 ran 

19 at Cheltenham (an, 

best effort a ZUI 4th to Qurrat 
dual scorer stepped up kuSstanoe 
good. Nov 7. 10 ran). 

Selection: MELB4DEZ 

¥(10-12) at Kelso (2m. £2009. good. Nov 1ft 19 ran). SMOWHRE CHAPQ£5) 
Al Ain (10-1) at Market Raaenfen. £1674, good. Aug 4. 14 ran). HOP PIC KERb 
tsnos when (Jl-2) 51 3rd to Splendid Magnofla (IF 7) at Bangor (Bn 41. SBB5. 

Course specialists 

3 03/911-2 MOTIVATOR (T Ramadan) M Ryan 6-11-7 

4 0/03211- CELTIC FLEET (R Beswick) J Spearing 5-11-7 



8 102111- SPORTMQ MAHMB1 (Craydale U4 M Pipe 4-11-2 

9 " 


11 F20002- SOLID OAK (G Richards) Gremfle RtalteKto 9-10-12 

12 30(1690 43HAMFAGNE CHARLE (Mrs S Austin) Mrs S Austin 9-10-12. 

13 0110F-O CROIX DG GUERRE (J Shaw) Mrs J Pfiman 5-10-11 

14 01031 PRYMG PARSONS (RWrighQKCKver 5-10-10 ftax) 

15 04/3121- TELBETER GBR (TelomstBr Eng LtQ R Fisher 5-1 90 

20 103034- ACCURACY (USS B Swke) G BaUng 5-195 

21 OWXM) WATER CANNON (V) (F Lee) F H Lee 5-10-3 

22 W409P BLACKWELL BOr(7H«n South West) AJmes5-1M 

23 224/44-3 GOOD TO SS YOU (F Barlow) Mrs S Austin 8-104 

GMcCnat 83F3-2 
.PWta 60 — 
94 10-1 
91 8-1 
93 6-1 
93 — 


. J Lower (4) 
— M Pepper 


97 — 


•99 01 



91 101 

K Mooney 

92 7-1 

. SHoOand 

95 — 

— G Joan 

92 — 

90 — 

19B& GLEN LOCHAN 5-10-0 C Hawkins (11-2) N Crump 15 ran 

Mrs M Dddnson 

M Pipe 


Winners Runners 


Mrs Ml 

G Richards 













Per Com 



FORM MOTIVATOR, won the Rnal of the event fei March « C he ten ham . on reappearance (11-1 0)2 
rv/run Ascm ru nner-up to Kadimo(11-7) (3m, E303ft good to firm. Not 14.6rmy^-'nc FLgT. ( 
7) short headed TELHIETffl OEM (10-8) at Hereford tn April (3m II. £588, good to soft. Apr ft 17 n 

redes Percent 

M Dwyer 













Newton Abbot (2m 9. £1480, 

BLACK SACK p 1-4) as usual 

Only Qualifiers 



. good to soft. Apr ft 17 ran), 
bearing Anagmoris Daughter (1 Oft) 1 0 at 

. . Pipe has e good first rime out record. THE 

none too fluently when 7X1 &d to i*b Muck (114) at Newcastle (2m 41. 
to Master Bob (12-0) a Newton Abbot Om 21 

.. . al(i0-7)i)atwetheiby(2m4f, 

recent winner on the Rat and wN appreciate the extended trip. 
Dorrdnton (10-12) at Rnhwefi (2m 2f. £4182, soft, Fab ft TO ran): 

« 3 ntlnuiiBylmprDv*jg.lestJirite(tlE 

^■^■460. good to soft. May 9. 16 ran) and 

K fn-4Ji as usual jumped none too fluently when ■ 
.May 17, 18 rar). sdJDOAK,( 12-0) 1X1 runner-up 
i heavy. May 2i. 16 ran). PHYM3 PAIEONS. (1 l-Ql 
Oct 3i. 17 ran). ACCU R ACY a recent wtnnw on u 



By Mandarin 

2.15 FAIRVIEW HOMES HANDICAP HURDLE (E2£74: 2m) (11 runners) 

12.45 Whiskey EjtaS. 

1.15 TOM FORRESTER (nap). 

1.45 Castle Warden. 

2.15 Freemason. 
2.45 Zsbfcomann. 

3.15 AstraL 

201111- ORYX MMOR (Q)(R Trunper) S Meter 6-11-10 

31411-2 FREEMASON (D) (Mrs C Heath) O Sherwood 5-11-5 — 
1- M FOG PATCHES 00(1 Macautoy) F Winter 4-11-3 — 

123144 JMNY LORENZO (JOeMestie)P Hedger 4-11-2 

002212- TAVLORSTOWN (Jay Bloodstock LW) J Jertdns 6-114. 
OPP-223 UFE GUARD (D)(J Joseph) S Harris 5-11-0. 






8 10P-10 BBFALAS LAD (D^F) (Mrs R Monts) J Jenkins 5-1 0-11 

10 OfTtOP-O MGWJO© CUPPER /Miss A WWtflrtd) J Wittfield 7-10^) 

11 00/3000 CROCSOX (Primate Ltd) HOTtaM 6-104) 

12 1004>/ JOWOOOY (D I kx s v w ll) J Francome 6-10-0. 


By Michael Seely 

1.45 Castle Warden. 115 FREEMASON (nap). 

13 03/PP-0Q SMPWRKMt(D)(RBaasey) H CNoB 5-10-0. 

— 14-1 
98 13-2 

— 97 — 

P e n ny FTBc*i U s ym ( 7 ) — — 

R Duawoody 

R Ctapman (4 — — 


— Jt 

— Cl 

-ISSMfih Ecdes 

Going: soft 

(7 runners) 

01331F- WWSKEY EYES fHPInk)S Manor 5-11-10 

19Kc HYPNOSIS 6-1 14 C Brown (5-6 lav) D ENworth 9 ran 

145 FLYOVER NOVICE CHASE (£2,058: 2m 41) (11 runners) 

9120-13 BSHKOMAM (DJBF) (J Spearing) J Spearing 741-7- 
0FD004- AHBTT WE ALL (T Thom) J Brldgar 7414 . 


4 «0 DOUBLE UP (Mrs P l laitfoawos ) Mrs P H a g uxret 9-114 . 

5 POPOO-F DUHVEGAN CASTLE (P Sugdnn) G Prest 7-114. 

- Gl 

— L Harvey 
. EBnddey 
AC h e rito n 

04IP020 MANSION MARAUDER (D) (M Smith) P Hedger 10-104) — Penny PMUH ley et 

00-0P00 WARILY (A Price) P Arthur 8-104) L, 

0U330Q SOUARE4UGGED (V) (O Henley) P Burier 9-104 

1 0P-123 PROFE S SOR PLUM (CD^FjB (Mrs C MattiBSan) T Forster 13-11-9 . 

049142 MORMNG BREAKS (D) (J Upson) T Casey 9-11-6 

OP-2222 FOGGY BUOY (D) (Lord Ronatashay} P Calver 12-102. 

83 11-2 

m 4-1 

91 114 
97 10-1 
— 14-1 
AT COwman (5) — 33-1 

6 2P091/0- EVSt GREAT (R Wormingtar) D Oughton 7-114 

8 PF4121 MNSSWOOD KTHCHEKS (J Joseph) D Smorfit ft-ll-f _ 

10 P42WOF LARRY-O (D Andrew^ F Winter 9-114. 

11 0 LEVULQAN(S Redmond) A Tumsfl 6-1 1-1 

13 POO^ SWORD PLAY (Mrs OKanqP Haynes 0-1 14 

15 000234- AGAINST THE GRAM (B Brooks) D Ntaholson 541-0 

IB 1-P WESTERN VSM3N (BF) (J Burbfctoe) O Sherwood 5-1 1-0_ 

80 9 4 
G Moore 91 — 

- JWhBe 

C Cox — — 

_ R Rowe — — 

— F74 


A Webb — 10-1 

R Drmwoody — 11-2 
— 3-1 

1985: PROFESSOR PLUM 124142 M Bosley (4-7 lav) T Forster 4 ran 

1.15 MOTORWAY NOVICE HURDLE (£1.643: 2m) (11 runners) 

1985: ARCTIC STREAM 6-11-6 K Mooney (100-90) F Welwyn 7 ran 

3.15 JUNIOR NOVICE HURDLE (3-Y-O: £1,825: 2m) (20 ninners) 

00 CHKLET (Dewfresh I 


HARRYTS BAR (Mbs W Harris) F Wtater 4-11-0., 
OPOO- LITTLE DICKENS (E Do ev e i) E Beaver 4-114) — 

— -54 
— RS4 
RHOM — — 

0000- MACS GOLD (Mrs R Heptaan)! Dudgeon 4-11-0- 
000-00 MARCHESI (Mm C Ockwefl) J OTtonaglaie 5-11-0- 
ROAD TO KELLS (J Saundera)C Benstaad 4-11-0. 

SOME PANIC (F Davta) P Davta 4 - 11-0 

SWnMEXI (OuaSty Castings Lt^G Hufler 4-11-0.. 

THE niLAK(C Andrews) KBsley 5-11-0 

Q/21 TOM FORRESTCR (P Jubert) P Mflchafl 5-11-0 

17 PPP400 ZK3UMCHOR (R Gunner) J Sayers 4-11-0 

MrBOlany — — 
M Barri ng to n — 10-1 

— 74 


MS 4-1 









11 ASTRAL (CO) (MOKtataQR Smyth 11-8. 

OF MKTB REEF (R HowBls) fl HoweBs 10-10. 

BARBERSHOP QUARTET (Mrs D Peppin) P Mtehei 10-10. 

0 SAIMMCK SIRST (J OTOonousn) M Ryan 10-10 

CAPULET (I Fry) C James 10-10 

Date MctCeowa (7) 



00 CLOUD CHASER (T Jchnaey) P Arthur 10-10_ 

■ JMeLaagMri 


02222 CUCKOO M THE NEST (B) (Mrs B Wafluns) D Bsworth 10-10_ 
DOUBLER (Mrs E Richards) HONetl 10-10 

R Amen 76 6-1 

80 FARAWAY LAD (Lady SteQDrenger 10-10. 

I Chapman (4) 


, CBnmn 

1985: MSEf LADY 4-10-8 G McCoun (2-1 lav) M Ryai 12 ran 

1.45 LUTTEUR fH HANDICAP CHASE (£2^14: 3m) (4 runners) 

1 22D-22F CASTLE WARIffiN (CO) (M Shane) J Edwanls 9-11-10 P Barton *99 

2 30/0003- CLASSWED (ChmeMy Paik Skid) N Hendervoft 10-11-6 S SmOi Ecdu 

3 21FF2-2 GOLD BEARER (Lady Joaeph) F Wtntsr 0-KM P 

B22-UPP BRMKWATBt (IQ (D Pttcher) □ Phcher 10-10-1 . 

ItrD Ptteher 

97 4-1 




0 FORWARD MOVE (H Uw90n) D A Wlsan 1010 


3 JAZETA8 (0 Cooks) N OBacpm 10-10 



HLEOMCTER (J LhbH N Handeraon TO-in 

19W: CASTLE WARDQI MI-12 P Barton tev) J Edwante 3 ran 

Course specialists 




N0I6KMI CASTLE (R tedger) R Leteer 10-10. 
SARYAN (Mra B Curley) B Curfey 10-10. 

97 4-1 
■99 8-1 

— 3-1 

0 SHUNKAWWAKAN (UrsG awtson) A Davison 10-10- 
3 ABIGAIL'S Gas (D Gray) R Curts 10-6.. 

1985; SYLVAN JOKER 10-10 B RaDy P Mitehel 22 ran 


R Rowe 

C Cox (4) — 104 



winnm Hunners 




Par Com 




















P Scudamore 




M Henderson 

. 12 , 







. . 9. 






□ Mchabon 




U Parrott 




\ T . 

• Stan Mellor. whose Ten Of Spades looked such a good chasing prospect when win- 
ning at Ascot last week, unveiled another at Worcester yesterday in Deviner, who 
outstayed Ace Of Spies by three lengths in the Fred Rimefl Memorial Novices' 
Chase. The Lara bourn trainer said: “He’s a half-brother to Green Bramb/c and wants 
three miles now U hope hell be top class and go for the Sun Alliance at Cheltenham." 
Gala s Image, the . 5-4 on fevqurite, made a mistake three from home and was very 
tired, although still a dose third, when he collapsed at the penultimate 

i • -I 

; now fee season’s 
leading trainer, both ia tenas of 
amber of races woo add prise 
money rained. The astnte and 
popular Irish-horn handler has 
now captured 30 races worth 
£57,876- And by fee end of fee 
afternoon, Mark JDwywr, the 
stabk's contract rider, had 
and place in fee 
table behind Peter 
wife 32 victories to 
his credit after landing a treble 
on Baden, Fargrve’h Forge t and 
City Entertainer. 

The race was a treat to watch 
as Fotirfe Forget loped 
conten tedly al ong bd tind fee 

Motivator, seen here jumping the last on his way to victory in the Coral Golden Hurdle Final Slw l'llrfw S fft* iSjL ww« 
at Cheltenlmni in March, is a leading fancy for today's Coral q ualifier at Haydock mp d* on fee fin- ride sf fee 

course at the sixth fence from 
home. “He was meeting it 
wrong, so I jmt let hhn fiddle ML? 
said Dwyer. 

“J should Afafc he's hi pr e tty 
bir fnmi at present,'* fee jecfcej 
continued. “Overall this race 
took less winning than the one at 
Wefeerfry. My feflow was fitter 
and QhxBun ddnt set his 
usual strong gallop.” 

Fitzgerald was also defighted 
by fee performance. “Forpw’n 
Forget shewed all ltis class 
tndqr,” be said. “The main 
difficulty is to get him 160 per 
fw»i fit. The only time Fve had 
him spot on was when he won 
the Gold CqL He was a gallop 
short when be finished fend to 
Dawn San last season.” 

The trainer added feat if 
Kempton were to be aband oned, 
Forgjve’ii Forget would be re- 
rooted to Leoparfstawn. on 
December 29 tor fee Black A 
White Whiskey Champion 
Chase, worth £0*55,600 andnm 
over 2% miles. 

Mb have Forgive'n Forget as 
fear fiiTovrite at 5-1 far the 
Gold Cap. They then offer 7-1 

By MicbBdl Sedy 

against B aiioegfa Hid Lad. who 
Jenny Pham yesterday eoo- 
Btmed would net be seem in 
acfem until fee New \enr. 
Wayward Lad a a lfl-l chanc e. 

fee bettiagon fee Mae rihand at 
25-1 after 
m double 
Standard Life 
wife fee ame- 
year-oUL A Sara Row, favanrite 
at 6-4 im, comki only fetish a 
well-beaten third. 14 iengfes 
behind fee whnwr. 

feiawta i My, fexo was only 
Bttdke*s second race over fences, 
fee gekfing having made his first 
a ppearanc e aver fee major ob- 
stacles at Wcfeoby back to 
1984. “He had m Saspfcfcn nT a 
kp m we rested ban. Then hst 
season, when he was reedy to 
ran, he polled a masde in his 
qnwrtotsT Fitzgerald said. The 
SGB Chase at Ascot on Decem- 
ber 13 is fee next target far 
yesa a d tyV i flaestt winner. 

Meaira Dkktosen was net too 
dfsapptdnted by fee appare n t 
indifferent p erte na nc e of the 
fa vor i te. **A Sara Row was a Mt 
ring rasty and to agy case was 

held oyer 

Today's inquiry into allega- 
tions of comifnion against the 
Winchester trainer, Barry Ste- 
vens, las been postponed by the 
Jockey Gob after a idea by the 
trainer's lawyers. The disd- 
plinary committee agreed to 
adjourn the hearing so that 
Stevens can secure the atten- 
dance of witnesses. 

Stevens, who moved from 
Guildford to the Red House 
racing stables in July, laces 
examination under roles 201 (v) 
and (vi) which deal with 
misleading the Jockey Club and 
conspiring or conniving at cor- 
rupt or fraudulent practice. He 
also feces questions under rales 
relating to jockeys' retainers. 

A separate inquiry involving 
Gerry Gracey and passport 
instructions has also been ad- 
journed. New dates for both 
inquiries wiO be arranged later. 

** she said. 

“We're goteg to keep him to 
2 Vj aDra for fee time being.** 
That outstanding trainer fees 
added feat fee remarkable Way- 
ward Lad was fikely to go to 
Chepstow for fee Rehearsal 
Chase in 10 days* time before 
attempting to capture fee King 
Ceorge for the fourth time. The 
stable then gained qaiefc 
con so lation for A Sore Row's 
defeat when Graham Bradley 
rode Hand Over to an easy win 
to fee Wigan Novices* Chase. 

Peter Easterby was also 
quickly off the atone again after 
Cybrandian's defeat when 
Lgrean Wyer and Record Har- 
vest sailed home to a comfort- 
able victory ia the Standard Life 
Handicap Handle, to the process 
defying a Tib penalty for a recent 
victory at Wetherby. Owned by 
Colonel Dick Wardra, Record 
Harvest canid wefl prove a 
suitable successor to the same 
owners Johnrioe, who boded a 
public graiblft to fee Comity 
Hurdle at Cheltenham last 

Dwyer’s third winner was 
gained for the small but for- 
midable stable of Charlotte 
Posttefhwaite on City Enter- 
tainer in tiie BiZ&nge Novices' 
Hurdle. Backed from 5-2 to 2-1. 
the five-year-old beat fee other 
jotot-fovonrite. Tonight's The 
NUe, from Mrs Dickinson's 
yard, by eight lengths. Tve only 
gat fora horses," said the 
trainer. “My only other runner 
so for. Firmament, won at 
Stdgc&U and shmdtf go wefl 
again at Ayr on Friday." 

Haydock results 

Going: goat to soft 

ID (2m txfie) 1. ARROW EXPRESS [D 
Murphy, 5-4 tavt 2. MareSi Una (P Leach. 
34t ft Andrea 1 * Prida (C Gram. 50 -il 
ALSO RAN: B Capricorn Bkw (4th). 
OuaMar King, 9 Romantic Unda. 14 
Tutnba. 20 Grand Chance. 2S Red 
O'Howfen. GriraesgU. 33 Garth man. Low 
Flyer (pu), Quaranfino, Standon MB. 
Waterford War. SO Couture Cok 
Shark Fighier. Tha Stamp Dealer, I 
Dia (SWi). 19 ran. a, 71, IL hd. SL D I 
M NawmarkaL Tata: £260; £160, £1- 
£1360. OF: £360. CSF: £844. 

2); 2, King Jo (G McCourt, 4-1h 3, A San 
Row (GBraffiey (4-6 lav). ALSO: 152 
Johns Present (4th). 4 ran. 4L 10L 
distance- J Ftoaarafd at Matter). Tote: iwn 
£4.70. 0R224ftCSR £21-29. 

2J)(3mch)1. FORGIVE W FORGET (M 
DwyBf. 10-1 1 fav); 2. Cytandtan (L Wwr. 
Evens); ft Tkmknren (R Larab, 20-1). 3 
ran. 4, 101- 6mmy Rtznarald at Matton. 
Tola: win £1.70. K- El to- CSF: £2Jft 

230 ran IkH 1. RECORD HARVEST (L 
Wyer, fe-40 fov); ft Pater Martin S 
HoSand, 9-4fc 3. Pnceoflova K Teelan, 8- 
1L ALSO RAN: 1 1-2 Soma Machine (5th), 
152 Roger Nicholas (6th), 10 Charlottes 
\ 14 teckersuOa. 2S Sftrar 
nav 3L ZL ZXL 2XL IL M H 
at MNton. TotE £360: £140, 
£140, £3 3ft Oft EftBO. CSP. £760. 

36 (2m 4f Ch) 1. HAND OVER (G 
Bradtey. 51 5 fa^; ft Taniaogari'a Best (P 
Tuck, 11-2): ft tenec— I JoSapt Dww, 
100-30). ALSO RAN: 33 Sparten Ntdive 
(481), 50 QuaStair PrincessTpu). 5 ran. 5L 
IL dlstancs. Mrs M oeforaan al 
HarewoocL To»: £130; £1.10, £160. OR 
£2.10. CSR £368. ' 

330 fen 4f DAO 1. CITY BffER- 
TABd (M Dwyer, 2-1 /t-fav* ft Tonighte 
HwNMit(GB«Say.2-1 It-fo^ftBordW 
Ratabta (P Dick, 7-a ALSO RAN: 7 
MaratAia (466. IBITn BccepOonaL RagM 
Steel (5th), Tna ftflsstestoplan. 20 Lord 
Sun, Nokum, Park Prfnce,25 AkncncRwry, 

Laid Back (Mft 50 

Siberian Dancer (rL Andy's 

Sacral T6 ran. 8^ 1KL 7L 31. SL Mrs C 
PDsdetfnraiU « m u on. TatK £4.00; 
£130. £JJ0, £1.40. OF: £84ft CSF: 




1.15 Ora 4f IldM 1. BUTTON TOUR UP 
(R Dunwoody. M lav); ft Charter Hard- 
ware <M Ptanan, 2-1); ft D raa rec n at (S 
aria. 50-1). ALSO RAN: 10 Virginia 
Rneant HbcO. Gray Ganenft 14 Another 
Meade, ISRedgraveDevft 20 Paric Edge, 
25 Firing Report (pa), Mac's Hussar (5ai), 
33 Maiedic Brandy Mu Chris- 
topher. 50 Ahhaybraflay. comae Mice. 
FMr Examiner. Just Smohey, la rangdon, 

a A Pony. Wcco Star fou), S2r Hector 
Corneoy Wncsxo, Knrab Bfoi (TOL 
i Model (pift SuWyJpuL 24 ran. Wfc 
SteHttm Sam. u, TlSLaT^O Mcholg o n 
at Stow-OO-the-Wold. Tote: £320: £140, 
El 60, eftlft DR Eftlft CSF: £635. 
vigWa Pagaantfidshed second but was 
rfisquefifieJ for faffing to drew correct 

145 (2m ch) 1. HZ (P Barton, 2-lfc ft 
Severn Sorad ra Dames, lft8 fart ft 
OahtendJaamroMorahead, 12-1). ALSO 
RAN: 5-2 Firawako (Q.33 Button Boy (4D4- 
5 ran. f2L tflst, 12L I Qutatti at 
Wa m i insl ar. Tote: £260; £160, £160. DF: 
£240. CSR £542. - 

2.15 (2m 21 hdWI.OBSBIYER CORPS 
(P Warner. 25-1); ft Star « Ireland (R 
era*. 20-1); 3, Btoaa (P Dtxtate. 11-8 
fan ALSO RAN: ‘TRacoTCl Wing (5«1). 
Marry Jana (4th). 10 Hat Handed (pin). 14 
Patrick's Far, 16 Avebury. Sunshine Got. 
50WRtehtre Yeoman. Bratoe Straat foul 
1 1 rait Na- Tteicrod vva*. 7L 1 L 12. tfxL 
Mrs W Sykes at Bishop's Castta. Tote: 
£1460: £260, £460. £1-70. DF: £39162 
CSF: £357.70. Tricast E1J039J20. 

245 Om ch) 1, CH-TTC SLAVE (L 
Hanay, 5-2 tart ft Hayanncur (Ft Oram. 
14-jt ft Cta And Down (R Rom. 8-1). 
ALSO RAN: 9-2 BargB (4th), S Gainsay 

(ShL 6 Goidan Hamar 12 Laurence 
Ramtear. 16 Brown VW (594. 33 La Gran 
Branm. Corny Ghn(ft 10 ran. 3L12L SL 
ZXBLT Forster at Wtata ga. Tote: £330; 
£160. £260. £260. DF: £2460. CSF: 
£3246. Tricast £21 663. 

3.16 (2ra4fch) 1. DEWCR K3 Charles 
Jones. Wfc ft Are Of Spies (J Bryan, > 
1h ft Wuaqae (B de Haan. 12-1). ALSO 
RAN: 4-Sfov Gala's hnagajn. HWytard. 
2S Meeson Grains (!). 23 Info (4thV 
Baaconside (pu), 50 Ooubte Banal for). 
Fox's Casfte (puL Graaa’s Legacy (0- 
Jurenfla Prince fahj, Nad Lawless (!). 
Sammy Drake (ft Tory HW Lad (6th), Town 
Spadal (pu). WOodWgM Pratt (po). 17 
MaSor at Lamboum. Totte £540; n.iO. 
£2.10, Eftaft DF; E66Q. CSF: £2864. 

345 (2m 4f) 1. TROY FAIR (D Browne. 
8-11 tav); ft lW> Weir(R Rowe, 10-lk 
ft Mamora Bay (M Pttnan, 20-1). ALSO 
RAN: 6 Buckskins Bast FL Lady Fue- 

! Lad. VimpoL Ctavtia Girt. Ffar 
Wen (puL Golden Bundno. Hudarsca (ojL 
Staton Bavard. 19 ran. 1L10L 2X1. BLS/J 
A C Edwards at Rosa-on-Wye. Tote: 
E1J0; El.lft £330. £4 2a DF: £660. 
CSF: £869. 


• GrccnaB Whxticy vritl again 
bade the Haydock Park meeting 
mi March 6-7 and bare in- 
creased their sponsorship to 
£37,500. The company sponsor 
all six races on fee Fndav, the 
highlights being the £5,000 De 
Vere Hotels Hurdle aid the 
£4,500 GranhaDe Lager Handi- 
cap Chase. The £20,000 
GreeoaD Whitley Breweries 
Chase on fee Saturday card 
remains one of three most 
valuable handicap chases of the 



By Mandarin 

12.30 The Ute. 1.0 Beech Grove. 1.30 Repetitive. 
2.0 Tudor Road. 130 EDferandem. . 3.0 Burns 
Lad. 3J0 Rix Woodcock. 

Going: hutfles- good to soft, chase- soft 

(Kv 1: 3-Y-O: £367: 2m (9 ninners) 

5 P KO ISLAND W Turner 10-9 TwcyTorewf 









OFF MO NATAn ON L coma 106 
uo Mornoans b R mcaioai 
40 BAOOOnaBIO-4] 


0 PBIgMSi STAB PHtxttr 104. 

m sauarrraszE(V)BsSvmtio-4 Rstmogi 

_ 6-4 Sotent Breeze. 5-2 fta uts. 4-1 Bm. 7-1 Moratwrgls. 
12-1 Mengham Star, Sta ge. 20-1 attwre. 

1-00 NECKTIE NOVICE HURDLE (£511: 2m It) (14) 

1 -132 HANDY LANE L Kanniri 5-11-3 Ptaatewffl 

2 0 BEEC H QROV CT Foisar 5-1012 H Dnin 

3 OOP- CORN M3KHANr ST Harris 5-1012 SIMM 

4 03-0 IESQUT7E S JUalor 4-1012 Gl 

5 P- NO R D I C SAVAGE I OQk 4-1012 R! 





SL30 NECKTIE NOVICE HURDLE (£524: 2m If) (14) 

2 P133 MZMA SPRMG LCcareB7-1M — 

3 400 OLFBUNDeHS Mallar 01012 GCtariw Jones 

5 204 mSOMBMpYreRRHOdgoS 4-1012 BROTYfl 

6 JACOtB SOlEkTr Brazxmtt 4-1012 — RBcg^n 

7 MRU«ra.MraBWarififlTi0i2 JRatata(7) 

9 TRUE JACK GThomar 54012 . .. HDmIm 

11 080 WHOEVER D B anana 4-1012 PMctafla 

12 DODOYCR OSSMteaAFurofcraJ-KR D WconacnttP) 

13 FORBGNFRENDD Beans 5-107 ! — 

14 89 BAY ramON P Hobbs 4-107 PttrHaMs 

« M HBjWA SEASON RRoa 4-107 CHspiraodfl} 

£ gH»«S^AL CPophara 4-107 -SHcMB 

25 „ WgPLWE.^STA fl Hcttr 4-107 NCteamn 

27 0 WATBt EATON SAWY (D) M Pipa 0107 NON* 

_ 04 fm Sgnwbody. 3-1 Mzfen Spring. 4-1 Whoamr. 01 
BDerandem. 101 Hrture Soaaon. 12-1 oanra. 

3J10 JXJJL NEWS NOVICE CHASE (£1 ,71 ft 2m Ifr 

|CPophen010O SMctMR 



2 F6 AOUUEROt _ 

3 JPCB HDOUSWAY W Ftdw 1 1-11-7_ 

6 MW HETSATRAMP Mrs'EKtarerd 011-7. 


-OM OLD FOW) TAVE HH J Jaflarw 01012. 
FF WOODROW LAD P Hobta0 1O-tt] 

4- ADJAI6ACEMPtaB4-107-Hfe 
/0O rau-PHice p wafavy s-107!] 

REMEMBER WBL C Nadi 4-107. 
000 HHODETTE LKsnrard 01O7^te 
93- RU1HS LOWES Price 01OteH 
2F WILD SAP NLtaJudton 4407^ 

Lane. 4-1 ma Sap, 01 Beech Ckow. 01 
|ala Acs, 101 ottos: 

(Div Ik 3-Y-O: 2m 11) (8) 

1 4000 BBJROCK S)K BMiOp 109. 


FF CHARHT5 OF HRE D rocknr inn 

4 9822 FANDAHOO BOY R Frost 106 

8 0 BUBERT BBOOKE I COx 10-9_ 

12 0 COHDOVER SUC Mtat B Stadws 104 

13 OP HERY SUNSET lira A Kntait 10-4 

16 4 LA CHULA HHcttr 1047 

19 MM REPEnnVEMPfoalO-4.. 


TROPHY (£2^77: 3m 11) (11) 

a /420 FEROCIOUS KKGHr@)Mre J vSm nw 

2 502. °^wttww»to»jPtttanwM^Mi°"^ 

5 P300 DELATOR I Wtedla 01013. 

6 4331 RNAL CLEAR JOM 01011 

7 092 TUDOR ROAD L Kemard 11-10'. 

8 421- WAIT FOR MEN UfeJoOxn 0108 
B 0PF DAWN FOX (MPDuggfra 10108- 

10 0 VP/ GaDBJ GOLD L»S& 101 _ 

12 BOPB LANCE PRIVATE R Recode 010-0 
_ 0i Fad Oteb. 7-2 Fteodous KnWn, Date Foaower, 01 
Tudor Road. 11-2 Final Ctaar. 1H NottChavaL 14-1 otha ra. 

W,»iMP Mre E Kanrarrd MI-7 P Matty 

LOmMaUMJOh] 011-7 CU uwuifu OT 

■ARCH FAMMMQO A Oongdon 7-I1-7_ ' 

18 SSf pyB,p*T , Mte i,JThorni,s - 11 - 7 - 

13 600 7WMT7ERRHodaB8 011-7. 

14 «M OWei LAD NLaaXfean S116- 

18 OW^raEWIGR HoldBr011-5 P Retards 

}£ JMMY B 1WAHDS DrD Ctasnav S-T1-5 DrOCtafnqr 

ffi F40 H0PB=m. CWMES R DfckXi 7-11-Z CJcms 

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Oxford XV 
left with 
the scraps 

By David Heads 

Rugby Correspondent ' 

Oxford University 
Major Stanley's XV. 28 

Perhaps it was the carty- 
cvening gloom, perhaps the ram 
and mud of November, but tbe 
annua] match between Oxford 
University and Major RV 
Stanley’s XV lacked its na^i 
sparkle at UBey Road yesterday. 



Villa’s disciplinary record 
on course to make history 

Acfmi VSIta V.J * .... . . __ w 

which fizz and spark m all 
directions and then, just when 
you expea a loud baas and a 
great cascade, an you gel is a dull 


Tbe guest ade woo by 
goals and two tries to three 
goals, an attractive enough 
scarehnc in all conscience 
only a couple of penalty 
attempted all afternoon. But tbe 
side with all tbe ball — Stanley’s 
— did not take the trouble to 

Aston Villa, who had two 
players sent off and three 
others booked in a fourth 
round littkwoods Cup tie at 
Southampton, on Tuesday 
night, will certainly incur the 
wrath of the Football Associ- 
ation over their diseiplinafy 

a game at Watford in which he 
was not even playing. 
Wflfiams and Keown will 

hOlh mifiS the forthco ming 

and Manchester United. PanI 
Elliott, Villa's tewing penalty 
points scorer this season, has 

record. In foe first 12 weeks of now passed 30. If his eighth 
the season. Villa, to their booking of foe season, also at 

wiinom unttm, then- captain, 
because of a hip injury, M to 
make do with their msh^i diet of 

contingent from Cambridg e wifi 
have noted Oxford’s collective 
ability to turn defence into 
instant attack, the tarfrimg of 
their three-quarters at the 
extremities and the high work 
rate of tbe back row. Any other 
watcher, particularly the school- 
boys. should have noted the 
timing of the pass by the two 
Frenchmen, by Lynagh and by 

The Bath centre took a knock 
on the right knee eady in the 
second half and eventually left 
the field, plough he hopes to 
play for his dub this evening. 
He was the second Stanley's 
casualty. Sole, the flanker, going 
off late in the first half Not that 
their absence affected tin co- 
hesion of their side, since they 
seldom developed any, which 
could be attributed in part to the 
tackling of the Oxford wi dMA 

Lynagh, too, though he did. 
some delightful things with the 
boll in his hands, found Calcxaft 
his constant shadow while 
Glenister, foiled to make the 
most of a spell of pressure on 
Oxford's line in the second half 
by being somewhat self- 

Roussel; thank* to Halliday’s 
break, and Fenoock had scared 
tries almost before some of the 
latecomers had settled into their 
seats but Mullm, carving 
through foe centre, and the 
speedy McDonald, responded in 
a splendid opening quarter. To 
the delight of the crowd jRydon 
pul the university ahead antra 
break by Johnson who. despite 
his ungainly style of running, 
makes breaks too frequently far 
it to be coincidental. 

Oxford were only two points 
adrift at the interval, after . 
unconverted tries by Under- 
wood (a delightful pass from 
Lynagh preceding - it), and 
Malkn. But they got fitile 1 
iineont ball, four scrum could 
always be pressurized; and 
though they worked Risman 
over he was called bade for a 
forward pass and Underwood 7 
pul paid the possibility of 
offended dignity by ooflmmg 
Lafomfs Jock ahead for-fenfinal 

SCORStS: Oxtart UManfoe "W** 
Muffin. McOonald. Rydoo. Cmwralonr. 
Renan (3). flto n toj’a XV: TOT: UnOer- 
wood (2). Boussst Pamock, MM. 
Convmkm: Lynagh OL 

OXFOflD (MVEftsnY: ‘4 Mmo 
(Woffington Cotopa and St Edmund HffiQ; 

*S VMaty (Maifia CoRna School and 
Green. capQ, w Bjvtoa jSneftxxne and 

Halliday: Iqjured but hopes to play tonight 

Alive and kicking 
in the north 

By Michael Stereosoa 

Those who mourn the foct •***>*. ha- 
that the County Championdiip cally mot 
has been, like Charles 11,“- • .an Harrison 
unconscionable time dying”, tkafly exp 
wonfa be surprised to discover able and 
the degree of passion that is still, who fapb 
felt for h in the north. ' and Peter 

The climax of the northern' up an and 
group is readied on Saturday, on the uni 
when Yorkshire, unbeaten and. thought, : 
needing only a draw to become helped for 
northern champinn*, entertain once. 
Durham at Money. Form sug- Durham 
pests they wiD have no difficulty brightest j 
m wrapping op. the title — but rugby. Sic 

admitted embarrassment. South* 
have already totted- op 159 points 
penalty points. Any dub seconc 
which surpasses 150 is to be of wet 
called before the FAbeforethe game 
end of foe season. Hunt 

At their present rate Y31a Allan 
are well on course to deprive points 
Blackpool of the dubious motet 

distinction of holding the Met 

Football League penalty terday 
points record of 330. They action 

have already passed 150 trouble 

points in almost record time. said: ' 
Tuesday’s indiscretions saw acted i 
Gary Wmiatns and Martin will be 
Keown sent off by the referee aspect 
at the Dell, David AxcdL oar ret 
WHfiams was dtani«»fl for gobefc 
tire second time this season, in that n 
the 77th minute of foe game, flnwi<v 
for aiming a kick at about! 

Southampton’s Danny WaL we hai 
lace four minutes after Keown accept 
had been sent off after a y'l 
violent, off-the-baD collision I Si 
with Southampton’s Mark 
Dennis. Dennis was also sent Wttc 
off All this was despite re- 
“ ' - pealed calls from Villa’s new 

1 1 • i • manager, BiDy McNeffl, for 

kicking s***" 1 *”^*^ eg* 

0 Since his arrival at VBh Tuesd* 
«« n Park seven weeks ago, VxHa foBowa 

III l| III' have now indeed up 24 book- anfoufo 

w ings. In addition. Andy Gray rescae8 

Stevenson has been fined £250 and 

v warned as to his future con- h£SC! 

sris stsarsa kb 

able and Ffeter Wintobottom, ments he made to a referee in oknee, 



Southampton carries four 
points, he is in fore for a 
second suspension in a matter 
of weeks and could miss the 
same two matches. Steve 
Hunt and foe dub caption, 
Allan Evans, both have 20 
points and need only one 
more to be suspended. 

McNeill confirmed yes- 
terday that he would be takin g 
action against the players in 
trouble at SoufoamptomHe 
said: “Some of the players 
acted irresponsibly ana they 
will be fined — The worrying 
aspect at foe moment is that 
our reputation is h^ gfrwimg to 
go before us. I have no doubt 
that re f e re e s are being in- 
fluenced by what they read 
about lire number of cautions 
we have' received. I readfly 
accept we have to mend our 

ways. But I am still aggrieved 
about the referee at 

McNeill maintained that 
foe real viHam of foe night was 
the Southampton lull back, 
Mark Dennis, who was even- 
tually sent off for the tenth 
tim e in his career, “Dennis 
should not have still been on 
the field at that time after his 
tackle which left Tony Daley 
seeding sis; stitches in bis 
ankle. I have every sympathy 
with Keown who was of- 
fended and not tire offender. 
But I have no sympathy for 
Williams,” McNeill said. 

Dennis is likely to escape 
discipline by his dub. But be 
will, of coarse, be punished by 
the FA. 

Unlike his counterpart at 
Vifia, the Southampton man- 
ager, Chris Nitcholl, said he 
had no intention of fining 
Dennis who was earlier this 
season warned as to Iris future 
conduct by an FA Disci- 
plinary Committee after fee- 
ing a charge of bringing the 
game in to disrepute. This 
followed an inti debt at Nor- 
wich od August 30 when he 

?es5 ^ Council 

*ecord fails to 

istory face 11161 

was “sent off” in the tunnel for crux 

hitting a Norwich City player. 

Last season, because of By David Miller 
unfavourable publicity Chief Sports Correspondent 

1* 0** am* « 


would consider not renewing Sports 

Dennis s contract which was /SfJISisIP 

due to run out in the summer. 
This followed a night dub 
incident at Luton after which 
Dennis was interviewed by 

Council, is coutmually ques- 
tioned, yesterday squandered 
the opening aanimr of its 
mmmtl conference. The dis- 
cussion on the future of 

Croydon accused of an as- 
sault. Mr Woodford 
against such drastic action but 
Dennis, not having signed tire 
new contract he was offered, 
felled to show up for pre- 
season training. 

Nicbon has supported Den- 
nis because be knows his value 
to his team. The former 
Birmingham left back arrived 
at the Dell in November 1983 
but has only three England 
Under-21 appearances to 
show for his undeniable tal- 
ents. Only last week, bis 
coDeague, the England inter- 
national, Mark Wright, com- 
pared turn favourably with 

swlt^Mr Woodfon| f decidS SepS fey 
gainst such drastic action bin 

Dennis, not havmg si gned the BiitfchlSSS DssnTedfe 
new contract he was offered. tTt.t 31 "" 0 . - 

feitarl tn dinnr far Associate^ speaking fro® 

the floor, to ask why the crux 
of the controversy was being 
ignored: teachers lacking 
vocation who work short thne, 
the geflSng of playing fields by 
local aothorities, tbe educa- 
tional cutbacks. Ray Carter, of 
foe English Schools Football 
Association, likewise pointed 
out that the problem is not one 
of too tittle football bnt too 
little sport. 

rrm* ua«v iv mum wu "iwu vu *nj wuvu Uw fiaiw mill lavuulaUly W1IH ri 1 1_ w . j m 

Kenny Sansom, of England, bpeaker Dalted 111 

CJaraifl supporters not mid-sentence 

Frike drew banns and mn intnrad. Befiom the matpfa ever seems to be remembered 

for his disdpbnary problems.* 

able and Peter Wimerbottom, 
who iipbmng bettor than ever, 
and Peter Boekton have strode 
np an unde manding that verges 
on tire uncanny. Their speedof 
thought, foot and hand has 
helped fbige a formidable affi- 

Durham possess two of the 
brightest prospects in English 
rugby. Sieve Hackney, on the 

Folk* drew baton and 
charged n riraH e-forowfeg Car- 
diff CSty nff ort m afier (he 
fourth division side were 
knocked eat of the Lirttewoods 
C*p by Bernard McMaDy\i late 
winner at Shrewsbury Town on 
Tuesday night The Cardiff 
followers «*■■»— «», “We are the 
animate,” as petice moved in to 
rescue a coDeagne fognied on the 

Superintendent Rex 
Bbekhoum, Shrews lui y ’s pol- 
ice cMrf, said there had been 
several a rr es t s foUowfaK the 
outbreak of after-match vi- 
olence, which left three police- 

men injured. Before the match 
two cars were over tur ned near 
the Gay Meadow ground. The 
supporters’ reacthtawas a sorry 
epitaph to a superb show by the 
fo urth dBviriau team who had 
hrate a Chelsea m the third 
rood and a gain might have 

ff^iwl n n py t. 

Bat far a brilliant show fay the 
Shrewsbury goalkeeper, Steve 
Forks, the Welshmen would 
have had a three-goal lead by 
half-time. But, with three min- 

utes of the game left. Teste 
broke down the left and Ms kn 
cross was clipped past Rees Ir 
McNally's Erst time left footer. 

£ In charge in Sbfujah 

tin) The English Test umpires, 
nve Dickie Bird and David Shep- 
herd, are to fly out to Shaijah at 
the the weekend to officiate in a 
eve one-day international tour- 
nbl nament. They win take charge of 
by six matches, starting on Novem- 
ria- ber 27, Involving four of the 

if tee game left. Tester Test playing countries - West j «r 
down the left and Ms low Indies, Pakistan, India and Sri - _ _ . 

Lanka. The final will be on 


Jones opts 
for trial 
in Boston 


Cash lifeline for South Australia 

the form book, as far as county wing, and Win Carting in the 
rugby in the north is concerned, centre, both enviable 

has been pretty tmretiable tins rep u t at i o ns as schoolboys and 

winter. both, still teenagers, are coping By Pat Butcher 

Cheshire folly extended tan- admirably with the proUems m Athletics Correspondent 

cashire; Yorkshire demolished senior rugby. . 

Lancashire; Durham anni- North umbertaod, without a Steve Jones, the former 

hiiated Cheshir e, yet last week- point, have recalled two former holder of the world’s best mara- 
emA t anfaxtiirt. <iwaicwi a Mngte. Fn gbwi players — Alan Old, ihon. time, will run in the 
point victory over Durham at now' playing fly-half for fonons Boston event on A^ril 

cashire; Yoi 

r Pat Butcher 
ic$ Correspondent 

Jones, the former 

point victory over Durham at now playing fly-h 
West HartiepooL Cheshire, - Mmpetii, where he teac 
moreover, conceded defeat by a - Colin White, the Gosfo 
vriderznaz^a to Durham (3-40) who last played for 
tbantheyrad to YmtalHrefI7- eight years ago. Rome 
30). Nothing, thezefore, can be Mike Weston is due foi 
taken for granted at Scatchezd are so fer imconfiimed! 

Lane <m Saturday. . The projected demise of the 

: Yorkshire’s most interest^ .County Ouuiipionainp, while 
tdecDon for tins key match is app az entiy inevitable, is not 
teal of .tiie John Orwin, the viewed with equanimity in 
Bradfood-born fanner Engbmri many northern dul 
kx±- hfow playing for Bedford, There is a strong feeling 
Orwin has been called up in the Rioses Match, for caamj 
hope th at he wiB-bring greater not be allowed to lapse 
disapime aiid commitment to it should be played as a 

famous Boston event on April 

Morpeth, where he teaches, and 20 in the hope that tbe British 
Cohn White, the Gosforth nroo. selectors will not insist on Iris 

tiff not insist on his 
in the London mara- 

obamptonships in Rome in 
the September. . . 

hfle. Jones announced his inten- 
Tiot tion yesterday before leaving for 
• to two races ' in the United States, 
ses. Tbe British Amateur Athletic 

Bradfond-bote fberner Fj gbnii many northem clubhouses, i oe o nrush Amateur Atnteuc 
loi*. Now playing for Bedford, There is a strong fading that the Board are meeting on Saturday 
Orwin has been raBed upin tbe Roses Match, for exam^, must to discuss then selection potior 
hone that he will -brine (treater not be allowed to lanse and that for Rome. 
SSffiand>SiSrto it should beplaycdTafiiezX . After naan a. worid brat 

Yorkshire’s forward play. Si- but with the best miiwt avail- time of 2hr Smin Ssec m 
monTipping,(ffSa^£recalM able, WiD tee players see it tins Ctap in October 19«4. fid- 
after mjmy and Ray Adamson, way? Iowm! by a wm m LoodOT m 

normally a fullback, will play on In addition, and more Ap ni 19 85, Jones returned to 
tiie wing, with . Parff Gray adventmocsly, there have been C hhagp. * J*® 1, *8° 3a ^ won in 
remaining at fallback and Sieve whispers that an attempt may be. 2hr Tann 13sec, a scccm d om- 
Townend wvri gn " 1 E at stand- rewte to keep the toumament ade Carlos Lopes s new wood 
off half going in its present fonn, yet best toe. Jews then said he 

Yorkshire, misting Andy Rra- without the blessing. of the would like to wm the other - three 
zer, the Headhqtey lock who Rugby Football Union. Again dasac mtena tiomal m arathons, 
has emigrated, and. tiie searing the support of the players must which, be reiterated yesterday. 

discipline and commitment to rt should be played as a friendly, 
Yorkshire’s forward play. Si- but with tiie best latent avail- 
munTxppmg, ofSate, is recalled abte. WiH the players sec it this 
after inmty and Ray Adamson, way? 
normally a full ba<k,^iflpJ^OT in addition, and more 

Sr James Hardy was ecstatic 
as South Australia beat Austra- 
lia IV by one minute and 36 
seconds. “Life out of the jaws of 
death,” «»iH the Adelaide 
vinegrower, who is participating 
in his sixth America's Cnpi Up 
until the early hours of yes- 
terday morning tee futur e of the 
syndicate was in doubt. “It came 
dose to curtains.” Sir James 
said. “We bad completely mn 
ont of money and tee sponsors 
had refused to give more.” 

What gave the team a future 
was the sate of the yacht to an 
overseas syndicate— believed to 
be Swedish — for use in the next 
America’s Cop. The price, about 
S7 50,000 (about £528,000), wffl 
fond their campaign in the next 
defender series. 

Winning against Braid's top 
boat gave some self-respect back 
to the South Australia crew. 
Both Australia JDQ and IV lost. 

Rom Keith Wheatley 

can't deliver the goods you tend 
to get excused.” 

Had it not been for the 
collision with Steak *n* Kidney 
last Saturday, South Australia 
would probably have won that 
race ana now be on level points 
with Australia in — a sobering 
fact for the Bond syndicate. 

Australia HI led np the first 
three legs but her margin aztbe 
second windward was only two 
seconds. Kooka II was able to 
reverse the lead downwind »nd 
cross the lee war d buoy nint 
seconds in front. From then on 
tee increased her lead at every 
mark, finwhi^g over half-a- 
mimne in front The Taskforce 
syndicate seem on course for a 
total dominance of the defender 
sens by the end of the next 
round robin on December 17. 

The win by South Australia 
and their extra funding begs tire 
question of whether they can 

the former to Kookaburra II by’ reach the semi-finals gnrj m qq 
24 seconds. The Koolcss fin- 

from there. With the right 
weather and some hide the 
answer is probably yes. But the 
yadu, sister-ship to Australia 
IH, is never going to defend the 
America's Cup. “Our little boat 
doesn't like wind and waves, 
which is a bit of a problem in a 
sailboat," Sir James said. But he 
is confident that if they reach the 
semi-finals, financial support 
will materialize- “When you're 
winning people come out of tire 
woodwork,” he said. 

The Swedish syndicate who 
have purchased the Lexcen de- 
signed 12-metre have bad an 
observer in Fremantle for more 
than a month. He has not 
chosen the fastest boat, on the 
face of it, but in calmer Euro- 
pean waters — similar to 
yesterday’s conditions — tee 
could be very competitive, 
nmnot senes results: sooth 
Auorafia M Austrafla IV, 01 min 38ssc; 
Kooka&ura U bt AustraSa HI. 002* 
Kookaburra DU SwVc V Kidney, 03:18. 

If the CCPR is to justify 
itself it will do so not by cosy 
chats — rateable though these 
conferences are for inter-sport 
relationships — but by vig- 
orously planning courses of 
action to promote or defend 
the basis of their existence: the 
place of sport in British 

It was ironic that Edward 
Grayson, barrister and mem- 
ber of Corintinan-Casaals, 
was ent short when attempting 
to demonstrate how sports 
dubs can legjfimatefy get rate 
redactions by becoming reg- 
istered as charities if they can 
establish Hnks with education. 
Keith Smite, a secondary 
sctooi headmaster and chair- 
man of tiie entrant working 
party on school sport, who was 
chairman of tire seminar, 
frnstratingly halted Grayson 
in mid-sentence. 

It was only in tiie last few 
minutes of tbe debate that, 
almost as an afterthought, Mr 
Smite introduced a statement 
just released by tire Secondary 
Heads Association regarding 
the serions decline in sprat. 

The statement should have 
formed tbe main motion before 
the assembly at tee outset 
instead of wefl-intentioned ad- 
dresses by Keith Andrew, of 
tire National Cricket Associ- 
ation, John Davies, of 
Midfield School, and Roger 
Uttley, of tee Rugby Union. 

Mr Davies spoke eloquently 
about tee success of MOUield 
but we already all knew about 
that Mr Uttley was the only 
one to try to address the 

wing, v witii . Patff 

lowed by a win in London in 
April lifts, Jones returned to 
Chicago a year ago and won in 

Edmund Hh), *C MacDomU (DtoCnsan 
CoSeoe and University). A Roffie poo and 
St Edmund Hai) N UcBafei (AmpiefoUft 
end Si Anne’s). 

(Racing Club and Franca); S FnMck 
(Richmond), S HsBBsv (Baft and Eng- 
land) traces Atom. RkAnoncn. Y HmM 

Sola (Bon and 

has rmioratteA, and tire searing the support of the players must 
pace of Kray Underwood^ who be the key. Sadly (to some of us) 
has opted out of tire county tire writing is on the waff. ’ 

Bath at Ml strength 
for derby ‘warm-up’ 

By David Hands 

Bate's interest in yesterday's all forwards^ Ubogu, the 
game in Oxford between tire Moseley prop who did wdl for 
universay and Magor Stanley’s the Combined England Students 
XV was somewhat more than against Japan at Oxford last 
academic, since two of their month; Probyn, an England 
players. Sole and Halliday, were squad member, and Cook, the 
due to playrhis evening against Nottingham flanker who was an 
tire touring Ftiian Barbarians. Engla nd replacement last sea- 

Batb have been able to select son. 
their strangest side for the game The two drvukms who have 

.since they have no fixture on yet to declare the make-up of 
Saturday. They were due to play their league structure for next 
Exeter who asked for a season's English dub champion- 
postponement because of ship, tire North and London, 
county commitments, so Bate sboold have completed their 
wiS look forward to next research within tire next three 
Wednesday’s evening gfune weeks. Tbe North meet next 
against Gtoocester, their West Wednesday to wrap up their 
Country rivals. That, too, is not package and London hope fra: 
usually a midweek game but it their main committee’s stamp 
has been brought forward to of approval on December 8. 
avoid a dash with a divisional An iinudicioas deletion in 
Saturday next month and both these columns last week re- I 
dubs tope tire fixt u re may be moved tire names of the five 
restored to a Saturday. dubs nominated by the South- 

Tire game against Gloucester West Division to next season's 
means no Bate pbyerscoukl be south area league, in which they 

Ubogu, the 
0 did wdl for 

B Moot* 

(II CT and Unfanr- 
■> A Brooks 


(RoasJyr Pari , 

South Africa, rapt). 

Rdnc l BuasnMrii (East MHffimta), 

Nottingham flanker wdm was an militaied against any 
England replacement last sea- tion for tire world c 
son. ships. Jones had been 

The two drviskois who have year in advance for Si 
yet to declare tee makeup of «i haven’t spoken 
their league structure for next and we normally ’ 
season's E ngli sh dub champion- thinVino fa trrmc of 1 

team trio 
miss out 

By Ian MrT aachhm 

The opening match in- the 
McEwan’s inter-district 
championship win be between 
Edinburgh and Glasgow nndei 
floodlights at Megsatiand on 
Wednesday. November 26, with 
the kick-off at 7pm. Stuart 
Johnston and Euan 
McCoririndale, the respective 
scrum halves, have won seleo- 
uon over the t hr ee scrum halves 
included in the national squad 
last night ■ 

EDINBURGH: G UtB l iw <YSta»oni«reif; S 
McAslan (Harl 

M Rsfcan (B 

(SjewarfB/MuIvlIfeL S Johnston. 
(Watsonianab A Brawster 
(Stewarta/MalvaBCapriKWnB. I MBno, 
andS H«naoii (Hanots Fffl, JfijehanSOB 
(Edrtwrti Acartanreato, J Colder, F 
Gaidar ^wwfv/MaM^, K Rat tety 
(Horiots Fte BteMraamm J -Seon 
(SumBrfsAMrts£ B Brewa (BSnbuigb 





best time. Jones then said he 
would like to win tbe other three 
classic international marathons, 
which, be reiterated yesterday, 
was rare of the reasons he was 
running in Boston. The other 
two are at New Yoik and 
Fukuoka, Japan. 

Jones was originally con- 
tracted, for a sum believed to be 
wdl into six figures, to run in 
this year’s Boston race — the 
first in its 90-year history to 
offer prize-money — ten the 
Welshman had tendon 

He then ran poorly in the 

the Combined England Students Euro p ean championships m 
against Japan at Oxford lan Stuttgart, a performance which 
month; Probyn, an England John Let Masuzier, tbe secretary 
squad member, and Cook, the of selectors, yesterday admitted 

idled series B in first and second 
position with 29 and 21 points 
respectively. Australia IV were 

Australia HI with 10, two ahead 
of South Australia. 

Sooth Australia’s remarkable 
victory was the product of 
weather conditions. Smooth 
water and a light eight-knot 
breeze suited the dark-blue boat 
perfectly. It edipsed the big 
Bond battleship, which won tire 
start by two seconds and noth- 
ing else. 

Foot crew positions have 
been changed as a result of the 
weekend’s collisions. John Sav- 
age, the skipper, was not on 
board because of a slight Hlness. 
Phil Thompson, the helmsman, 
was in charge for ber big day. “It 
is brutal,*’ Sir James, the South 
Australia sailing director, said. 
“But it’s like Test cricket If you 

Rescuers call off search 

. Ptti» JAr}- Tte, «KS ftr P°r*d to T*tio riK. Ma for depnsfflBg reding. In (he test 
Caradec, the Bussing efBumg. Fur the moment, they two years virtually all local 
French yachtsman, has been said, he was simply being 

called OBy it was announced considered as fcespis® radio 1*1* ™* * ^ . ^ ? 

yestenby. Caradec has not been silence and there was no un- 

seen since his p 
Royale, which ha 

been leading 

mediate e oacezn for fab safety. 
The race; which started from 

the Route da Rh™ single- St Mala just trader two weeks 
handed transatlantic race, was ago amid heavy storms in the 
found capsized last Satmday Atfontic, is currently bring led 

between the Portug u ese coast Philippe Poupon, a former 
and the Azores. winner. Sailing the British- 

The life raft was migy fag, bnt designed trimaran, Flenry- 
aB the ot h er surv i val gear was oa Mkboa Vffl, Poopon was about 
board, French afrenft and naval 250 miles ahead of Bruno 
ships nadertook an extensive -Ffcyroo, a fellow Frenchman in 
search of the area, tat the the catamaran, Ericsson. 

defence min istr y said yesterday 
that it “had to end some time”. 

Race o r g ani zers also an- ‘ 
■w e e d that Jack Boye, an 
American suiting the moaohnll, 
Cartaret Savings, had not re- 


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will look forwaiti to next 
.Wednesday's evening game 
against Gloucester, their West 
Country rivals. That, too, is not 
usually a midweek game but it 
has been brought forward to 
avoid a dash with a divisional 
Saturday next month and both 
dribs hqpe tee fixture may be 
restored to a Satmday. 

considered in M R Steele- will be joined bv the London 
Bodgex’s XV, who play the nominees. The five chibs are 
annual game with Cambridge Camborne, Cheltenham, 
University at Grange Road tbe Lydney, Salisbury and Stroud, 
same day. There is, however, a hr stgeue-bomers xv (v cam. 

prime contingent from Wasps in 

theinvitatioa side, four backs 

who axe framer students at qnssps mt Brtana. stMaou 
Cambridge and a forward, 

Probyn; who is sol Tbe backs 
ape Bailey, Smith, Simms god. y 
Andrew, who will have Giles, «d 
the Aberxvos scrum half as Ms 

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t, B RutMTSOn 
fcoSnTj Bratfu 

There are three uncapped 
players in Stede-Bodger’s XV, 


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ships. Jones had been selected a ' 
year in advance for Stntlgait. 

*T haven’t spoken to Steve 
and we normally would be 
thinking, in terms of London as 
tbe selection race,” Le Masurier 
added. “Bid we don't always 
stick to one race - somebody 
could be iff for example. It's a 
pity, really, he's not nnuting in 
tbe London. 

Jones feris that a succession 
of good performances In RAF 
and other domestic races, 

rulm ini rt iit g in a win in the 

Tipton 10 miles, has rehabili- 
tated him after his Stuttgart 
dis a ppoi ntm ent. He is due to 
run m a 10-idlometre road race 
in Alabama on Saturday, fol- 
lowed by the United States 
cross-country championships in 
San Francisco on November 29. 

Rob de CasteSht won this 

^^monwealthmarallion. And 

Mike Reilly, of Highgate Harri- 
ers, a British training partner of 
De Castdla in the Australian's 
summer borne in Boulder, Colo- 
rado, had the best performance 
of bis life in winning the 
Columbus (Ohio) marathon last 
Sunday in 2hr I3tmn 19sec. 

Thompson’s treble proves decisive 

By Sydney Friskin 

London University 3 
Cambridge Univeisity-.O 

Robert Thompson scored all 
three goals for London Univer- 
sity against Cambridge, who 
were comprehensively beaten 
on a rain-soaked grass pitch at 
Motspur Park yesterday in the 
Pizza Express London League. 

Lond on soon took charge and 
Wilson, in the Cambridge goal, 
was twice called upon to save 
from Baxter. Wilson was beaten 
by Thompson at a short corner, 
but Stenner rescued Cambridge 
by saving off the tine. 

It was Baxter whose bard 





First round itfday 

Swansea vWeaidstone. 

ca™. L^QUE: Hot dMafare Shel- 
flskJ United vEverton. 


work led to a scramble from conven 

which London obtained the first 

goal in the 26tb minute through Mmcon 

Thompson, who converted a M bw» 

penalty Stroke two min utes raomaa 'a 


The heavy pitch did not suit schrinp&i 
the Cambridge forwards least of ra anres's 
all Shafiq, whose troubles in ten- SfJSg 
sified when he was given the fCMsrT 
yellow temporary suspension tannan (i 
card for dissent. After Shafiq *•**’ 
returned. Cambridge raised 
their game andftwe^^ve short Btesas! 
corners in tiie last seven minutes 
but could make nothing of 
them, ahhoi^h daring a scram- andS! 
bte Pitcher came close to a score gnu 
when his shot was saved by a 
goalkeeper, Purvis. Two min- 
utes before the end, Thompson 

convened a short corner, 

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Thomaa's Hosrt. 

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•SI PartoMon (MBUete Sdi and BmmwF 
uel). *R Ptigiio (Wellington ana 
RtewfiSarfl. P W m*** (King EdwenTe 
BTnm and St John's). *J Storewr (Parse 
and Magdaiano), C Brt (Bodfonl and 
UapdslmX E Cntondooid (Bedford 
era Magdalene). *S Ghanri flOnaston GS 


rSoudam Counted 
B HmMett (Eestoni Counties). 

two years virtually all local 
educatka authorities have 
experienced a large decrease 
in school sport fixtures at 
weekends and after school. 
The sftnatioa has not been 
altered fiy tbe end of the period 
of industrial action. 

There Is a substantial de- 
cline in the number of non- 
specialist PE teachers wOting 
to help wife school sprat. In 
about half of fee schools — 
answering a questionnaire sent 
out in September— a change of 
emphasis k physical educa- 
tion has been a factor. 

Only 20 per cent of second- 
ary school pupils hare fee 
option to swim, only a fifth of 
secondary school pupils of 16 
have as much as two boars per 
week of PE. About two-thirds 
of sixth-formers are in schools 
where games are optional 

Abort one half of LEAs 
have no published policy at all 
which recognizes the im- 
portance of PE and less than 
half hare a policy to ensure 
that all schools hare fee 
minimnm Department of 
Education area of usable play- 
ing fields. 

Only one fifth of LEAs 
proride more than fee fltini- 
mam of playing fields. Less 
than half the authorities have 
bursaries to help pnpOs who 
are gifted to sport and a 
qnarter of LEAs do not hare a 
committee for fee major 





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| Raptor Swmfon vTattenliam (TjO). 

Tour Match 



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BADMKTOH: Famous Grows ScotfBh 

RACKETS: Noel Brooa Cup (at Qusan's 


TBWBi LTA woman's te uma nai u (at 



111 r ; W;V/1 Iv'l J 

Charter with a purpose is the 
theme, with accounts from 
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Plus the most comprehensive 
i charter directory published 
\ in the UK. From Cornwall to 
\ the Caribbean, Pbole to 
\ Piraeus, it’s aU in these 48 
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i \ • Round the worid 
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Britain's widest-read yachting magazine 

SrSSBis' » fSHaaniTVIK ig.3S K > 



erbick thinks big 
m the little ring 
Johnny Tocco’s 

From Sriaumar Sen 
Bo ving Correspondent 
Las Vegas 

. Johnny Tocco's gjm down- 
{ttnn bus been closed to all but 
irevor B^rbick and Mite 
Tyson ana then- respective 
amps. The two boxers have 
teen miming in secret. What 
surprise packages they have 
seen thinking np in the tight 
’htle Toccu ring will he re- 
vealed when Berbick defends 
his World Boxing Council 
(SVBC) heavyweight title here 
against the ’20-year-old New 
Yorker on Saturday. 

Angelo Dundee. Berbick's 
strategist, was as welcoming 
as ever, he « e'er, in the 
ciiampion's room at the H3- 
iehi. A boxer sometimes says 
mere about himself talking 
than he does whacking the life 
oat of a punchbag — with or 
-.vithaui leg 5 — * n RF 101 -. 

Berbick said all the things 
yea would expect from a boxer 
before a title defence: “I'm in 
tremendous shape.** that sort 
of thing, "i fee' better than 
Then I fooght Pioklon 
Thomas asc won the title ... I 
ara oat scared of Tyson. I 
- oil'd like him to come to me. 5 
T.ocid jast rove it . . . I'll give 
him a whipping and knock him 
cut . . . I'm going to clean np 
the series with ease. I ^ won't 
jjMjk easy but it will be." 

He spoke with a slight 
mann erism of speech (a lisp?) 
that was engaging as a brace 
on a young person's top teeth 
can be. Bet his words lacked 
conviction: his delivery lacked 
snap. He seemed to be just 
going through the motions 
'r^hea he talked about how he 
r.osid deal with Tyson. 

Tvsod could put his faith in 
his 'fists but Berbick was 
potting his in the hands of the 
Lord. He would look after His 
servant on the night, for 
Berbick was not long ago 
ordained as a minister of the 
foments of Miracles Pente- 
costal Church of Las Vegas. 
“Tyson will need a miracle to 
whi." Berbick said. 

The Lord has looked after 
Perbick in the past particu- 
larly when a few years ago 
someone in his party had pnt 
something in his food to stop 
Lina sleeping before contests. 
“1 coaid not sleep for three 
days before fighting and in the 
ring i was tike a mummy. I 
don't know how I lasted the 
distance. I did not win bnt God 
guided me through." Berbick 

said that he knew the man who 
had later confessed to drag- 
ging his fruit. “He still works 
in Las Vegas today," he said. 
Now only Ids wife knows 
when, where and what he eats. 

Apparently worried by air- 
borne drags, Berbick said: “I 
even keep my windows open 
when I steep." The 33-year- 
old, too-handsome Jamaican 
face stared out of the window. 

As a youngster instead of 
joining a high school he had 
joined a crotse ship and landed 
np in Guantanamo Bay. the 
United States naval and ma- 
rine base in Cuba. He had 
harboured hopes of being a 
reamer like his friend, Don 
Qmrrie, hot the Americans 
taught him to box and he won 
two local titles ami repre- 
sented Jamaica in the Mon- 
treal Olympics. He was beaten 
by Mircea Simon, of Romania, 
who was later seen off by 
TeoElo Stevenson, of Cuba. 

Berbick had 11 amateur 
boots before turning pro- 
fess ionaL He 'won his first 11 
boots bnt was flattened in one 
round by Bernado Mercado, of 
Colombia. Bnt he was back in 
1980 with a good ninth round 
win over John Tate. In 1981 be 
was the first challenger to last 
the distance with Larry 
Holmes and in December a 
that year he gained fame by 
beating Mohammad Ali — at a 
time when everyone was 
screaming that Ali should 

For a while Berbick slipped 
out of the picture after that 
with losses to Ronaldo Snipes 
and S. T. Gordon bnt he came 
back last March with a sur- 
prise win over the WBC 
cham pion. Pinkkm Thomas, 
in Las Vegas. 

For his defence against 
Tyson he is receiving $2% 
mill ion (about £1.8 mOlion). 
He wants to buy a ranch. He 
has come a long way from bis 
days in Port Anthony, Ja- 
maica: Saturday will tdl how 
much farther he has to go. 

Elephants shot 

Nairobi (AFP) — Five ele- 
phants were gunned down 
with automatic weapons and 
their tusks removed by poach- 
ers in the Mem national park 
last week, the government- 
owned daily Kenya Times 
reported. Since the massacre 
the national anti-poaching 
unit had been deployed 

Title bout for Laing 

Tonv Laing. of Nottingham, 
will meet Tony Habcrmayer. of 
West Germany, for the vacant 
European light-welterweight, ti- 
de. the European Boxing Union 
(EBU) has announced. 

Laing. aged 25, gave up the 
British light-welterweight crown 
to pursue the European title, 
held until Iasi week by Terry 
Marsh. Marsh was stripped of 
the title when he tried to 
postpone a defence against 
Laing after his nose was firac- 


Ngy AS dividends subject to rescratay. 


24 PTS - €541-30 

23FTS £29-45 

22V2 PTS £3-35 

22PTS £2-10 

21 Vz PTS £1-55 

- ■ Dividends onl-. -£*■.- Rul-J 9<I) 

Treble Chance dividends to waits ol yap. 

4 DRAWS £4-60 

10 HOMES £134-25 

4AWAYS £1-45 

Ab ovc dividends tu uoict of 1 Dp 

Expenses and Commission 
1st November 1986— 29-4% 








JQ2J9 03 

See Rule 9(f) 

24 pts £118-225 

23 pts £7-10 

22% pts £0-85 

22 pts £955 

Treble Chance Dividends to Units of 
x* ix 

10 HOMES £226-50 

(Nothing Barred) 

5AWAYS £0-80 

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4 DRAWS £3-90 

(Nothing Barred) 

Above Dividends (o Units ol top. 
Expenses and Commission for 1st 
November 1986-28-6% 

Ebrteoupocts Phone 01-200 0200 

. LONDON EC 1 . 

Phone O 1 -253 537S 


-md mn ajMtnzg! 


2* pis £31.70 

23 pis £1.50 

22Vs Pts £0-20 


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IttwHMataiitaK-lr.Bolginth4i1BL Hr. HoMbal Mi UH 


Relief as a long English drought ends 

From John Woodcock 

Cricket Correspondent 


There were many gratifying 
aspects to England's victory 
by seven wickets in the first 
Test match here yesterday, 
achieved 35 minutes into the 
afternoon. To start with, it was 
their first win ofthe year, at 12 
attempts, and no one in the 
side matte less than a useful 

Australia's resistance col- 
lapsed after half an hour when 
Marsh, attempting his first 
forcing stroke of the day, 
dragged DeFreitas into his 
stumps. Until then En g l a n d 
still had quite a lot to do. Once 
Marsh, who had been the 
main prop of Australia’s in- 
nings, was gone, the rest was 

lured during his work as a 
Basildon fireman. 

The EBU have called for 
purse offers by December 1 and 
are prepared to accept signed 
contracts received before that 
date. The winner is likely to 
have to make his first defence 
against Marsh. 

• OSAKA (AFP) - The Japa- 
nese flyweight, Hideaki 
Kamishiro. is next in line for a 
shot at the World Boxing Coun- 
cil (WBC) flyweight title on 
February IS. 

If a little of the gloss was 
taken away when England lost 
Athey. Gutting and Lamb in 
making the 75 they needed to 
win. it still felt at the end as 
though 2 drought bad been 
broken. . . 

Gatting was quite right m 
claiming afterwards that over 
the five days England had 
played some good cricket. 
“People writing us off was j ust 
the spur we needed.” he said. 

Border. Australia's captain, 
was decidedly ratty, not only. 1 
think, because his ride had 
lost but because he himself is 
prettv well drained. It was 
when he realized he was that 
he upped sticks from Essex 
before the end of last summer. 

He has toured India since 
then and his next break of 
more than a day or two at a 
time is not for another four 
months. But he is a tough 
character, never more dan- 
gerous than when he is in a 
comer, and a fine player. No 
one on either side is more 
likely than Border to make a 
hundred in the second Test 
match, which starts in Perth 
tomorrow week. 

In the 12 Test matches 
England had previously 
played on the WooUotmgabba 
ground thev had won only 
two. each time when they were 
led. as now, by a Middlesex 
man — in 1936-7 by G. O. 
Allen and eight years ago by 
Mike Breariey. After winning 
the second Test as well. 
Allen's side lost the last three; 
but Australia had Bradman 
then, a consideration which 
destroys every analogy. 

The present situation has 
much more in common with 
that of 1978-9 when Australia 
were also having to rely on an 
inexperienced side — then 
because of Packer, now 
through having lost many 
good players down the South 
African shute. 

Brearley’s ride went on to 
win more easily than Gatting's 
may, but Border does not like 
what he sees. “It is going to be 
hard work from now on,” he 
says. “It’s back to the drawing 
beard” was how the Austra- 
lian manager, Bobby Simp- 
son, put it 

Australia squandered their 
best chance by not bowling 
better last Friday. Bonier is 
unrepentant about having put 
England in. in conditions that 
were well suited to his doing 
so. When, on the second 
morning, Athey and Lamb 
-were out without adding a run 
to the overnight score, 
Botham's masterly innings, 




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Ejdn»(b5,toS.ab2) — 
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_ n 

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— 13 


5-224, 7-288. HK MTS. 

Is 100th Test wicket 

BOMJHG: BaOrata 12-0-34-1; D*ey 13- 
047-1: Botany 425-14-»6; DeFreAM 
17 -2-62-3; Edmonds 24-8-46-0; Gening 

Umpires: AR Qatar and H W Jabnaam. 

which won him the man ofthe 
match award, swung the game 
conclusively England's way, 
after which Australia were 
always up against iL 

To save the game yesterday 
they were relying on a last five 
in the batting order who had 
scored only two fifties be- 
tween them in their 34 Test 
innings. Once Marsh was out, 
it was never on. There was not 
so much a stiff breeze as a 
strong wind Mowing across 
the ground (it caused wide- 
spread in Western 

Queensland) and Emburey, 
who took three of the next 
four wickets, harnessed it 

He had a very good match. 
Indeed, with Edmonds also 
pulling his weight (besides 
fielding as well as anyone), 
England made full use of their 
two spinners, which augurs 
well for the series. 

There were even times 
when Edmonds was bowling 
to an old-fashioned field, the 
covers well manned and short 
extra, some 20 yards back, the 
nearest fielder to the bat. It 
had always seemed that Eng- 
land had a good chance of 
winning here, so long as they 
got the best of the pitch. In the 

event they did not and they 
still won. 

Gatting would have pleased 
the chairman of selectors by 
taking it upon himself to go in 
at No. 3 in the first innings 
and all through he got a good 
response from his players. I 
was particularly impressed by 
the way they kept at it in fierce 
heat on the penultimate day, 
for which they were rewarded 
with two decisive wickets in 
the last hour. 

So the indignity of Maying 
more Tests (15) in a year than 
ever before and winning none 
of them has been avoided. It is 
quite a relief England’s last 
victory, at the Oval in Septem- 
ber 1985, was also over 
Australia. Overseas, this was 
only their fourth success ofthe 
1980s in 35 Tests. 

In the over after Marsh had 
been out yesterday Emburey 
came on and took two wickets, 
yorking Waugh and having 
Chris Matthews leg-before. As 
Greg Matthews did when 
England went in, Emburey 
found the wind Mowing from 
just behind square leg to the 
right handers, strongly enough 
to have an appreciable effect 
on the movement of the ball. 
The one, for example, that 

dismissed the left-handed 
Matthews swung into him a 

Of the three remaining bats- 
men, Zoehrer was so much the 
best that although Australia 
were in such dire straits 
Gatting set a defensive field 
when he had the strike. Iliere 
was a lot of that sort of thing in 
the match. 

Waugh had provided 
Emburey with his 100th 
wicket for England, taken in 
his 38th Test. Hughes gave 
DeFreitas hie fifth and, to end 
Australia’s innings. Broad 
took a good running catch in 
front of the rightscreen off 

The three wickets which fell 
for 40 runs when England 
batted will have oome as some 
small consolation to Australia. 
In bis four overs before lunch 
Hughes had Broad dropped at 
third slip, Athey well caught 
there and Gatting taken at 
square leg. Reid then had 
Lamb leg-before. England 
were gratenil enough by then 
not to have had another ICO 
runs to make. They would 
have got them, I feel sure, but 
it could have been an anxious 

England tour averages 

Batting and fiefcfing 






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A victim of circumstance, Richards 
looks trapped in a downward spiral 

From Richard Streetoo 


Vrv Richards invokes a child- 
hood lesson from his father 
when asked about bis dreadful 
sequence of poor scores on the 
current West Indies tour of 

Mr Richards senior was a 
prison guard at the local gaol in 
Si John's, Antigua, an occupa- 
tion which, in itself must have 
brought many reminders to the 
family ofthe vidsshudes m life. 
“Never expect sweets every day 
boy," was the message con- 
stantly drummed into the young 
Richards. It left him with a 

a belief in God, has seen him 
through several private and 
public crises. 

Some ofthe West Indies team 
are not so sure, but Richards 
himself refuses to believe the 
recent Somerset turmoil has had 
anything to do with his com- 
. ptete loss of form. Before today’s 
Test match Richards succes- 
sively had scored 47. 7, 54, 33. 0, 
0. 1 7, 44, 0. 4, and 0 on this tour. 
Three times recently he has been 
out first ball to a spinner. He 
also fell first ball on the second 
day of the tour’s opening match 
at Quetta after being on 47 

“It is understandable that 
people think the Somerset row 
might have affected my game." 
he says. “It is certainly a pity the 
two things have happened to- 
gether. but I like to think it is 
coincidence and no more than 
that. Everybody has these bad 
times now and again. People 
like myself cany an awful lot of 
expectation when they play. If it 
goes wrong you have to take 
comfort in the foci it is part of 
the game's fascination, though it 
is never easy to bear. Maybe 
things will change in this coming 

Richards's view, of course, 
has to be respected, but there is 
little doubt that Somerset’s ac- 
tion in sacking him, and the 
rebels' failure to get the decision 
reversed, left him bitterly dis- 
appointed. For all Richards's 
calm, easy-going approach to 
life, be isa proud, sensitive man. 
justly conscious of his skill and 
the standing it has brought him 
worldwide in cricket and other 

At times on this tour be has 
looked a lonely, worried man. 


Richards: mentally and physically tired 

though unfailing and gracious in 
his public duties. As a captain he 
has a room to himself where he 
spends hours alone to avoid 
being badgered by Pakistani 
cricket enthusiasts, who are 
among the most persistent 

like Allan Border, recently in 
India with the Australians. 
Richards is senior in every way 
to most of his team-males and 
while alone he has too much 
time, perhaps, to ponder what 
has gone wrong. 

Richards does concede he is 
mentally and physically tired 

after many, many months on 
the treadmill which keeps mod- 
em cricketers constantly mov- 
ing from country to country, in 
arid out of aeroplanes and 
hotels, adjusting to different 
food and conditions. 

“Pakistan is not die easiest 
place to tour," Richards, who 
has hod more than his share of 
the inevitable health problems 
that afflict all visitors, says. 

Thirty-five next March. Rich- 
ards recalled a lean patch in 
India a few years ago, but it was 
not as bad a time as he has 
experienced in recent weeks. He 

r i 

is looking forward to the 10 days 
West Indies have at home after 
next week’s Sharjah tournament 
before they reassemble to go to 
Australia - and New Zealand 
until March. He still has no 
definite plans for (he next 
English season, but some West 
Indian officials believe be would 
benefit from a season’s complete 
break before next Autumn's 
World Cop and the tour of 

Richards, it goes without 
saying, has the com plete con- 
fidence and silent sympathy of 
his team-mates. It was also 
revealing to discuss his prob- 
lems with three of Pakistan’s 
leading players. Not all feflow 
professionals in other sports 
would be so concerned about a 

“It must be awful for him," 
Abdul Qadir, the leg-spinner, 
said. He has dismissed Richards 
four times here in eight meet- 
ings. “I am a little surprised he 
does not start more carefully, 
bat he plays his shots as soon as. 
he comes in. I tempt him and he 
takes the bait." 

Imran Khan talks on the same 
theme. “I believe Richards is 
not the same force batting at 
No. 5 as he used to be when be 
went in No. 3." the Pakistan 
captain said. “Viv likes to go for 
his strokes and that is often what 
is needed at first wicket down. It 
is a different matter at No. 5. 
Perhaps when you come in at SO 
for three you need to graft. 

Thai is why I bat No. 4 for 
Sussex and not five." Imran's 
remarks tally with the thinking 
of Douglas Jardine, arguably the 
most ruthless captain England 
ever had and a deep thinker on 
the game. Jardine always looked 
for a sound, dependable player 
at No. 5 — Wyatt or Ley lamias 
often as dol “Concrete in the 
middle" was the Jardinian say- 
ing which has. come down over 
the years. 

Javed Miandad, a 
strokemaker and improviser in 
Richards’s own mould, remem- 
bered being dropped during a 
tour to West Indies after losing 
his touch completely. “I just 
could not get a run." he said. 
“The harder one tries, the more 
impossible it seems to get. You 
don't know whether to practise 
or just leave cricket alone for a 
fortnight. The hardest part, too. 
are aU the well-wishers, who 
keep asking you what is wrong.” 

Test match dates and venues 

Second Test match; November 28 - December 3 in Perth 
Third Test match: December 12- 16 in Adelaide 
Fourth Test match: December 26 - 30 in Melbourne 
Fifth Test match: January 10 - 15 in Sydney 

Qadir to be risked 
with broken finger 

from Richard Streeton, Karachi 

■ Pakistan are expected to gam- 
ble in the derisive third Test 
match with West Indies, which 
starts here today, by i n c ludin g 
/Ujdul Qadir, who has a frac- 
tured finger on hisiefi hand. 

Qadir’s wrist spin is considered 
so important to Pakistan's 
f-fmnnpg of winning the rnatrh. 
and with it the series, that Imran 
Khan, the Pakistan captain, has 
persuaded his fellow selectors to 
include him in spite of the 

Qadir agreed to risk playing 
even though he can hardly hold 
a bat properly and win be a 
passenger in the . field. The 
spinner’s second finger on the 
left hand was hart when he 
attempted to take a stinging 
return hit from Haynes during 
Tuesday's one-day international 
at Hyderabad. An X-ray exam- 
ination yesterday disclosed the 

It was decided to defer encas- 
ing the finger in plaster and 
Qadir will pixy with it heavily 
bandaged. He is in some pain 
and will have to amend his 
action slightly as he cannot Aide 
the bafl from hand to hand in his 
usual way as he runs up. With 
Qadir entering the match al- 
ready injured, cricket etiquette 
will free West Indies from any 
obligation to spare him anything 
when be bats. 

So, unless there is any last- 
minute change of mind, a match 
already brimming with tension 
win have the added drama of 
Qadir — described by Imran as 
Pakistan's “tramp card" — 
bowling under a serious 

There is good news, happily, 
on the security front, with the 
discordant elements, who 
played a big pan in the recent 
killing s and other unrest in the 
city, making it known that they 
have no intention of interfering 
with the match. All 40.000 
spectators will be searched on 
arrival by hundreds of police 
and riot squads will also be on 
standby outside the stadium. 

Qadir's probable inclusion 
underlines bow strongly Paki- 
stan believe the pitch is going to 
help spin. It is a newly laid strip, 
being used for the first time. It is 
absolutely grassless and its 
baked mud surface b identhcaJ 
to the pitch at Lahore. Once 
again, in theory, it should be 
HctXe use to the Wes Indian fest 
bonders, though things (fid not 
work out that way in the second 
Test, which West Indies won in 
three days. 

Whether Pakistan can bai 
with more resolution this time is 

the key to everything. Qadir’s 
injury was one of the reasons 
Pakistan were deferring an 
announcement about their side, 
are expected, though, to 
: their side with six batsmen, 
including a recall for Mudassar 
Nazar. He will probably bat at 
Na6 and his occasional seam 
bowling will help out 

Qasim Omar is fit to play 
after his ferial injury in the 
second Test but Wasim Akram’s 
injured ankle seems unlikely to 
stand up to the rigours of a five 
day game. Saleem Jaffa*, the left 
arm seamer, who has bowled so 
well in the one-day matches, 
could win his first Test cap, the 
best posable present for some- 
one who was 24 yesterday. 

West Indies, as us ual , will not 
finalize their team until shortly 
before the toss. Their selection 
meeting last night was com- 
plicated by foot injuries to 
Dujon and Gray, who were both 
limping at practice. 

This has already been an 
extraordinary Test series, with 
each side winning a Test in turn 
by a convincing margin. It has 
been a remarkably low scoring 
rubber, too, with only 1.204 
runs being made in just over 
seven days, while 70 wickets 
have fallen. 

PAKISTAN (protaaMt): Mohsto Khan 
Shoaib Mohammad. Ossira Omar. Javed 
Miandad, Ramiz Raja. Mudassar Nazar, 
Imran Khan. Sahm YousuL Abdd Qadr, 
Toysan! Afonod. Satoem Jsffer. 

WEST INDIES (Tram): IVA FHcfcsnJs M 0 
Marshal), W K R BefWnsn, C G Butts, P L 
J Du on or T R O Payne. H A Gomes. A K 
Gray. C G Gnaenidga, R A Harper, D L 
Hama. A L Logie. B P Patterson. R B 
Rloiantion. CAWnsh. 

Uavfcns: P D Reporter and V K 
Ramuwny flndto). 


Box No 

C/o Times 
P.O. BOX 484 

Virginia Street 
El 9DD 

-- the TIMES Tht Tt ^SDAY NOVF.MBFR on iqcc 



Television tonight, 
MrsThetd^appears in company 
with a lot of other women with 
whom, proftsfonaHy and sotiaSv 
shejvould not appear to have 
much m common apart from the 

that they are aflfemak and 

know what they like when it 
comes to- dressing up. Ruth 
Jackson s documentary The 

W«d„ 6 e 

(BBC2, SJOpmX reveals some of 


of the s artorial hang-ups 

"CHOICE v — - 

Edited by Peter Davalle 
and Elizabeth Larard 


latter two ladies confirm reporter 
Angrfa Hmh’s conclusion that 

__ — .. . ... q wi vi uui occonun 

aoounjy that takes clothes toS 
senously. Mm Thatcher, dearly, 
ifSf . 10 ^ fer - She tikes dothes 

h»ck- There is fee 

naw tlTV Hi*e« eh A 1 - . 


/*■- ■;> 
J 1 t 

— , . — — U1 

(Mrs Thatcher), the Shocking (TV 
commercials prodwxTLaure 

vr • 

producer utura 

Gregory, whose rear end is part- 
tx posed to the otherwise conser- 
vauvely dressed set at the London 
RitzX and the Shockmg-Pmk 
(glamorous grandmother Ranees 
Moloney, whose tights of that 
rolour, dangling on the washing 
line, must be a kind of mwES 
nona] landmark for any temporar- 
ily disorientated aircraftX The 

On toe Air (BBC2, 7.50pm), the 
title of this week’s Open Space 
documentary, has a touch of irony 
in it because it is about something 
to has been kept off the air 
Althpigh hopeful operators were 
on then- marks, just wailing for the 
Pistol, the Govenmusii effectively 
pulled out the plug on co mmuni ty 
radio earlier this year when it 
announced that local broadcasting 
of this kind- would be .just one of 
the many ideas to be examined in 

Ik I i H FPh niora- am 


but if 

PaU^nds war. And - as’she 

many ideas to be c^amirM^i 

tlwre might hawebMamSSS Tmiigius Open 

brown tionS^s^rfS^SSS $££ fil, ll! s 80 «** of 

when making a tobbymg for community radio. It 

nf a comures up an imaginary day on 

which i 

frfr n.1 • * “ W± inspection 

°f a Polaris submarine. She does 
reveal, however, that, in the 
matte T of underclo thing, she 
pmronnes the chain store with a 
smntfy connexion, endorsing its 
Products with the accolaile’Tove 
them! Who doesn't ! " 

whfch Afip^iSbSTaid^S 
listeners in London are seen 
tuning in to programmes qv-nfoUv 
designed for them. There is, 
undeniably, something rough and 
ready about the quality of the 
news, music and soap-opera out- 

put we experience 
ranging awareness ^wmy 
mrerests count for anything, I 
would say community radio has a 
strong case. 

• Radio choice: Today's 
contributions to Radio 3's Rus- 
sian season include a full perfor- 
mance of Tchaikovsky’s opera 
Eugene Onegin (2.00pm) in the 
production much admired at rhtc 
year’s Edinburgh JFetrval; and 
Nigel Andrews's *nirfng the tem- 
perature of Soviet cinema jn his 
documentary Oneastes for the 
Slate (7.00pm) — I liked Alison 
UonanTs pby The Gresford 
duekens (Radio 4, 3.00pm) be- 
cause it convincingly puts old, 
European racial hatreds into a 
new, domestic setting - the Welsh 

Peter Davalle 

" ~ ' 

•-L- -v 

A • n 

J* • ■ ^ 

v •* 

v t " 

s* 30 ffiSS? to,l ” WMS 

7M Frank 

foty Magnueson and 
Jeremy Paxman. National and 
ygmaBonal news at740, 
7 -30- 8.0°. 640 and MoT 
nwteral news and travel at 
7.15, 7A5. 8.15 and 845; 
wgttw at 7J5, 745, 845 and 

105 f “oowebwy. A 

s i sx?£ssr y ” un 

ambulance station in which wa 
see tarews coping with the 

ag aa. 

departments andthe 
tacreasirrg threat of violence to 
omeroency crews, (r) 9.45 
Advteo Shop. Margo 
MacDonald presents a ' 
paimarits charter for an 
jraproved DHSS.iooo 

1025 ^^SStoldwithnemof 
gwdren s programmes and 
birthday greetings 1040 Play 
School presented by WSyne 

Fhn In Elmu c..L 


"" ■» i 

'“• au rwf *nrs cat jo 
10,55 Eleven. SaeedJaffrBy 

repeat of Tuesdays" 
programme which k> 

wi««i looked at 
cheese and wine. 11 JO Open 
„„ „ Asr. Viewers' comments. 

12 ^ 5 fV'5S5L? 6 « Liv,e fro* 1 * London 
Heathrow. Cap tain John 

Stevens is over Paris on the 
way back from Munich; 
stewardess Paula Peterranls 
m Singapore; and today's 
Wbman In Aviation Is minty 

Campbell, an air taffic 
controller at Heathrow. 1245. 

_ Regional news and weather. 
140 News with Martyn Lewis. 
Weather 1.25 Neighbours. 

Wanirrfaw .Lai 

Weetatey soapset In a 
Melbourne stmurb" ~ 

Don Spwicer’ i) 
2A0 Hint Exotiu*. Part two ot the 
Otto Prmingor spectacular 


tr ayeflere on the Exodus arrive 

JjPtewttie and reafize that the 


Frnny Story Man 4.15 
of Them Aft. Tony Robinson's 


^' 0S P^er. Viewers are mvited 


SJ5 MaMerteam. Quiz game far 

&00 News with Sue Lawfey and 


•20 ^Mrow-tWndd. An Energy 
Special. The pregr amn — 
makes the point that if 
dome stic afemces ware more 
efficient the buRdfog of two 
nuclear power atattons would 
be aarad; and industry coiid 
save the equholentoffivenew 
nuclear power stations over 
the next 30 years If It were 
more eoonomical with fbeL 
Vrays are examined of burning 
forafl ftiei without Increasing 
add rate, and natural - .. 
alternatives are investigated: 
energy from winds, waves and 

MO The Kenny Everett TelevWon 

ssr""* 6 ^ 

MOMewswkh Ju 8 aSomerv 8 ieand 

^ JohnHumphrys. 

M0 Just QooaPmnds. Comedy 
ttUXI Qwsflon Time. Sir Robin ' 

Day's guests are Arm Burdus, 
Janice Lennon and MPs Alan 

^ Oartc and Dennis Sidrmer. 

1w MattHoomon. Condwfim 
JJ^fdays story. 

BBC 2 

M 0 Panfaw 

Studies; Statistics (f) 10.15 

History: TlSsoSS e?fe^of 
11.18 Chad care (r) 1 lW 
Jtedem power do we have a 

12.12 Basfo Spanish (r) 12 J 0 

RnniniMn' C mm ih m 4« 


i*wwn«iui lUf [WanHl 

IJSWe feh Jndi^pibb" 
C^he® of the past 2.1 5 Music 


2,05 from London 

Hwahrow. How air traffic 
controBere, pilots and ground 
crews cope with 30 mflbm 
passengers and 300,000 

M 8A2 Tkne for a story (rl 9J4 
to hmirtU effects crfsmoWng 
W.11 A Christmas story ( 1 ) (rt 
IMS Biology (2) 1045 
Shaping wood, metds and 
Ptes«cs Into products 11 J13 Mr 
Magnus is Watting For You 13) 
«mo Sofcrawrgy iiJT 
7110 SuffTMettea. 

12JD0 Thomas ttw Tank Engine and 
Friends (r) 12.10 PtKfcfleUme. 
Puppet series 12J0 The 
SdBvana. Drama serial about 
oni^etrdian famfly during the 

1.00 Newa at One with Leonard 

. „ PmWn.IJO Thames news. 

1J0 Falcon Crest 2J5 Home 
CooicmyCtab Kipper 

8.15 TMa Week Jonathan DimNeby 

presents an Investigation Into 

sting an American 
customs operation which 
awed an IBdt arms deaL it 

MflXHU nMHKbl 

von Hayek, described as the 
tether of monetarism, tafcs 
about his artMnttaSonary 

3ARe^onai news end weather. 
44,0 && Arewfwo- Chat show 
fea&stng today Joan 
Moracambe, wife of the late 

f on ^^ n ‘ mdher 800 Garry. 

M0 LookStranisr. in the 
CptswoidsArtfiur Cooper, 
toreerty of the Foreign Office, 
ws made a revoMonary 
dscoveiy about the Chinese 
SCTtot HeWng him to soive the 
riddles of the past are local 
temem, the pubfican and the 


M° Bmrthoven Sonata tar I 

M 0 Daytime. Sarah Kennedy 
chairs a studio discussion on 
healthy eating. Among the 

Ifln if Ic^ fnfni ilnlriM u.l. Al 

3-00 Take the Ifigh Road 3 JZ 5 
Thames news headlines 3 l30 

TJeRTODoSLA new series 
about the wonderful 
adventures of a coBection of 
dots who Bve in the reject bin 
of a toy factory. 4.10 the 
TotebugsMO Running Loose. 
Part two of a documentary 
which toRows eight r 1 *" 

store oner 

f. (Oracle) < 


IntSxfing an Israeli general and 
war hero, and embarrassed 
toe US when it was discovered 
that many of toe arms were 
American-made to be sold 
secretly by Israel to Iran. The 
reporter Is JuSanManyon. 

10- 00 News at Tan with Alamir 

Burnet and Carol 


10 J 0 An Arabian Journey: The 
Prewe md Princess of Wales 
m the Gulf . A film of the 
code's ten-day tour. Anthony 
Carthew reports. 

11- 00 Alfred Hitchcock Presents. A 

man robs a bank and m toe 
Process kins a policeman. He 
receives a bullet wound and 
discovers that it doesn't pay to 

*1 pfcorawefet 

H-30 The Business of Excellence. 
Japanese businessman Dr 
Karachi Ohmae argues toat 
oatkmal boundaries have 
mtemalkinel businessman. He 
puts the case for joint ventures 
and encourages British 



2.15 Thek Lordships 1 House. A 
repeat of last night's 
“ in toe House of 

BBC1 'VAl£S:_SJ S wHL 00 WnlM To- 

Z20 Hbn Love Letters* (1945) 
starring Jennifer Jones and 
Joseph Cotton. A romantic 
melodrama about a girl who, 
having lost her memory 
through war shock, is tried for 
toe manslaughter of her 
husband. Directed by WBiam 

*20 Cartoon. Woody Woodpecker 
in Bom to Peck. 

MO Countdown. The new 
chMengerie Ken Ffy, from 
Banstead in Surrey. 

5-00 FBnt Mr Drake’s Duck* (1950) 

Yolande Donlan as newlyweds 
whose honeymoon at a 
Sussex farm is disrupted by an 
invasion of toe armed forces 

1 j|5Sn. OiTMRaMSnSoaU 
"oraTraH najuifcSSa^oSEif 

MM^Spcteht ljtSan-130 News . 
B*gLAWaaj5pro-7JO Regional iww 


ANGLIA As London «cc«pt Ufl An- 
1?im > m TTw Pasco ProWa. 


mbs s&a&SzS 

I caaaafc. 1145 Mm flHMi 

1-30-iao Hie 

after a duck lays uranium eoas. 
Val Quest 

VMm n ffri!) KLSa An 

Directed by V 
M0 Union Wand. 

jejp.',- •*{ '.-fi : <L\^- 

- 1 • • i iw- 

v ■'.W^ 


II fin? 

Helen WiUshire, ooe of die members rf the Afro Caribbean Radio 
Project On tite Air, oo BBC2, at 7.50pm 

uauuwneii ttonata rarcoBo 
and Ptano played by Alexander 
Bafflto foeto) end tan Brown 

fntannl M 

1 «™ i iim. n utaid of space 
hippies kt search of planetary 
Daradfefl fakna rafanq on 


MS What on Earth . . . ? 

putting L 

— .-to the test are 

Michael Clegg, Lionel 

Ksneway, Jenny Owen end - 
r * 10 J<>PGaraB«iySpectaL 
ffighfights of tras year's 

7-50 Open %»ce. (See Choice) 
M0 Brass Tacks: Social 



M0 Entortatoroent USA from 
Arizona, where Jonathan King 
ta*s to an astronomer atone 
of toe world’s biggest 
telescopes, looks at toe 
mrfdng of a top TV commercial 
and meets film star Lee 

M0 40 Minutes: The 

EMWnwmmrt Wankobe. 
(CeefaxXSee Choice) 

10.10 Ph8 Stows* as Sergeant BMco 
In a rerun of the classic 

lOLas sS2SSB^ mi0t ^ S0ftes_(r> 

11.20 WhSw 

5A5 Newswii AiStairStev^L^ 
__ 500 Thames newa 
MS Hetof Community action with 
Viv Taylor Gee. M 5 
7.00 Emm an t tol e Farm. 

7 JO F 8 m: The Victim (1972) A 
made-for-television torfler 
starring ^abeto Montgomery 
as the potential victim ora 
kHtaf on toe loose during a 

845 Ghft on Tor. A comedy series 
about three girls with 
conffictingpoSticaibeKeta: - • 


8.15 Good 



1 Diamond 

=-• — —JKeys. News with 
Gordon iHoneydombe at (L30, 
7-00, 7 JO, MO, 8 J 0 and M 0 ; 
finawSal news at 6J5; sport at 
540 and 740; exercises at 
555; cartoon at 7J5; pop 
music at 7.55; and Jeni 
Barnett’s postbag at 8J5. The 

After Nine guests incbide actor 
Mark Wynter and Ctaira 
Raynor with advice on 
personal problems. 

Whither toe trade 

union movement? How would 
it be affected, by a third term of 
Conservative government? 
740 Channel 4 News with Trevor 
McDonald and Nicholas Owen. 
Contains a report on Britain’s 
__ new share-owning society. 

750 Commarn. Roland Ranch, 
deputy chairman of the 
Nahonai Union of Ratepayers' 
Associations gives Ms views. 

840 Race Against the Wfad Anew 
series of adventure 
documentaries begins with a 
film from Canada's Pacific 
coast in which six young 
people sail 500 mBes in smafl 
open catamarans down the 
beautiful but hazardous coast 
from toe isolated fishing port of 
Prince Rupert at th 8 tip of 
Alaska, to Vancouver m the 


2 & 2 q£*k c “ tof u * ?a00 Prt80n ‘ 


SB ANADA gaggggg,!?. 


XW.MV 1 MV I reft Is Your l 

> Who's Boas? 1140 Hnhf frail. 

HTV WEST AsLareJon meat* 

—— 7 —-—-—-—— 1 JOpqj HTV rtews. UO- 

^A teu^Praaice.sjia4^HTv 

Nww. 1030 Tha WtatThto Wook. 10£5 WMc 
Mid Outlook. IIJOTIm Princaand Prff 
caas of WhIbs in the Gud 11.30 Minder. 

HTV WALES niv wbs bx 
SCOTTISH AaUndanaupttSO 

1 Nswt. UOTuckor-s WRdL 

fa Fatter ftwn (Channel 4, 
930pm), based on the stories written by G K Chesterton ' 

940 Oh MadaSne. American 
domestic comedy series 
starring Madeline Kahn with 
guest star Melanie Chartoff. 

M0 Film: Fattier Brown* (1954) 
starrin g Alex Guinness as 
Chesterton's famous priest 
and amateur detective, with 
Joan Greenwood and Peter 
Finch. A first-rate eccentric 
oxnedythrtfJerrn which Father 
Brown pits his wits against 
master criminal Rambeau after 
toe theft of a priceless Cross. 
Directed by Robert Hamer. 

11.10 Rejoice. Religious magazine 
programme from Ireland, 
which Mr week reflects on toe 
theme of Remembrance using 
music, readings and drawings. 
Guests include singer Garth 
Hewitt, toe Renaissance Choir, 
Rodney Cordner. Marjorie 

Caldwell and toe Newry 
Cathedral Choir. Plus an 
interview with Martin O’Brien, 
former editor of The Irish 

1155 Retafive Strangers. Comedy 
series about toe reluctant 

father of a teenage son 
starring Matthew Kelly and 

Mark Farmer, (r) 

U0-7J07Wce«ifl High Road. 1150 
Crtnw Desk. TtOS Croon Tara. 11.35 LH> CoS. 
1L40 Tates From DirtaMa, 

TSW fi 8 Loo ** 1 axc«pt 150pm TSW 
r .T"- 1 * * — IJOjfflueiSTwtatL 5-12- 

mDj.w7J0 Knight Rktor. 11410 Ffenc 
™ Gmuast Attack I24fan Pomoipc . 
TVS M London oxcepc 1^0 TVS 
— Www.tJOAeMnmwPn^ f ’wtjxn 



MFmecfium wave. Ssreoon 
i VHF (see below) 

News on the han-hour from 

| SJOan Simon Maw 740 
Adrian John 9J0 Simon Bates 

12J0 Newsbeat (bm Paridnaon) 

gaf^isatn& n . 



Strotcos. 6.00 

QpSg& winflUtete r.ejsajsPoaeBSix. 


yorkshire a Mam# 

ttstt^^!&'ssns. ,k - 

Aheao. 1XS ThofrLSmh^hoiSJSo 
SgSgSE , aj0 fSF Lovb - U*" *«* LBUfltBM 
Amur. 4JS 

rnloc. 5J» Ahtxxt and Conoto Show. SJB 4 
What ifa Worth. B4» BiBotett® 

VWta On, 7.00 NawyUdion Satth. 7J0 R» 


King Prion 

^JfogriMi kid Initiative 

Test In akfof CNUren in Need 
340 Steve WlfehtSJO Newsbeat 
Wnsonf 545 Bruno 
1 7 J30 Janice Long 940 
YouH Never be 16 Agate/ 

10 /3-1240 Andy Kershaw. VHP 

Stereo Ratflo 1 and 2:- 440n 


1240-440an AsRttfio 2. 

6 -K Weather. 740 News 

745 Concert WBBam 
Schuman (Newsreel: 
MSwauJeee SO), Strauss 

(Feuflieton waltz: Johann 
Strauss Orchestra .Vienna), 
BsKh ( Vicfin Conceorto 


Grumiaux/ECO), Rucfi 

Stephan (Music for 

orchestra: Borfin RSO). 
840 News 

845 Concert (contd): Haydn 
^ — * /No 59: 

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First published in 1785 


League’s report 
on hooliganism 
causes ‘dismay’ 

By Jobs Good body. Sports News Correspondent 

The Football League is 
fighting stubbornly, but prob- 
ably vainly, to stop the Gov- 
ernment introducing a Bill to 
force clubs to have 100 per 
cent membership schemes as a 
pan of the struggle against 

The split between the Gov- 
ernment and the League was 
evident yesterday when the 
League gave their repon on 
hooliganism to the Sports 
Minister. Richard Tracey, and 
Douglas Hogg, the Par- 
liamentary Under Secretary' to 
the Home Office. 

The League is proposing 
that clubs should achieve 70 
per cent of attendances 
through “controlled identi- 
fiable access'* from season 
ticket holders, members of 
family enclosures and similar 
schemes. This is exactly the 
areas of stadiums where hooli- 
ganism is least likely. 

It falls well short of what the 
Government has demanded, 
with varying degrees of force 
according, to Mrs Thatcher's 
interest, since the Brussels 
disaster of May 1985. The 
revival of hooliganism this 
season, largely outside 
grounds, has once again at- 
tracted the ire of the Prime 
Minister, who is determined 
that public order should be 

The Government was upset 
that Luton Town were not 
allowed to operate their 
membership scheme in the 
League's own knock-out com- 
petition, the LinJewoods Cup: 
Luton's oppponents. Cardiff 
City, went through without 
playing either leg of the sec- 
ond-round tie. It was Cardiff 
supporters who ran amok 
during and after a fourth- 
round Littlewoods Cup tie at 
Shrewsbury' on Tuesday nigbf 
causing widespread damage to 
cars and property as well as 
injuring six policemen. 

Mr Tracey admined the 
Government's concern yes- 

terday when he said he had to 
“register some dismay that the 
League had not gone further 
down the road to 100 per cent 
membership schemes”. 

Unless the League accept 
this in their talks with Gov- 
ernment officials over the next 
fortnight, the Government are 
ready to bring in legislation. 

The 92 League clubs are 
against compulsory member- 
ship. which would include 
identity cards, as a condition 
for admission to grounds be- 
cause they know this will cut 
out the casual spectator, 
diminish attendances which 
could possibly end pro- 
fessional football in England 
as we now’ know it. 

Philip Carter, the League’s 
president and the chairman of 
Everton. yesterday made it 
clear to the Minister that 
“such a scheme would be 
counter-productive and would 
exacerbate the problems out- 
side the ground”. Instead he 
demanded appropriate 
charges against offenders and 
tougher sentencing as well as 
the proposals in the League's 

Graham Kelly, the League’s 
secretary, said that the police 
supported the League in their 
stance and said: “1 am still 
optimistic that our view will 
prevail and that the partner- 
ship with the Government 
will not founder. The chief 
constables who have operative 
responsibilities are a little 
aggrieved that the practical 
difficulties are not being 

“But on a point of principle 
the club chairman cannot see 
how the Government say that 
they cannot withdraw pass- 
pons from known hooligans 
but that an ordinary person 
cannot travel to a football 
match unless he has a 
membership card of a club.” 
League officials say that they 
fear that fans without cards 
will still go to games and on 


Johnson trails 

Joe Johnson, the world 
champion, was in serious 
trouble at the end of the first 
session of his second-round 
match in the £300.000 
Tennents UK Open 
championship in Preston 

Johnson reached the inter- 
val in the best of 17 frames 
match trailing John Parrott, of 
Liverpool, 7-1 and needing 
something approaching a mir- 
acle to force his way back into 

It has been a dismal season 
so far for Johnson, of York- 
shire, who has been unable to 
reproduce the form that took 
him to an impressive 18-12 
win over Steve Davis in the 
world championship final last 
May. He has won only three 
competitive matches since 

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February 198 5. 

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The value of units can of course go down in die 
same way as they can go up. and past performance is not 
■ necessarily a guide to the future. At each anniversary since 
its start in February 1983, it has been Britain's most 
successful Insurance Company Managed Fund and 
continues to be one of the best performers. 

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know about this opportunity to invest in the Fund through a 
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being refused admission will 
cause mayhem in the 
surrounding streets. 

The lesson of Luton Town, 
who this season have in- 
troduced a 100 per cent 
membership scheme and 
banned visiting supporters has 
so far proved the contrary. But 
the experiment is still in its 
early stages. 

The Government has still to 
consider the League’s report 
but both sides are agreed that 
the trouble inside grounds this 
season — out of a total of 541 
matches there have only been 
543 arrests - has been re- 
duced. Bui it still remains a 
distinct problem on ferries, 
trains, motorway service sta- 
tions and particularly in city 
centres. The league is trying 
to help the Government, as its 
report shows, but could won- 
der where its reponsibility 
ends. In its report the League 
proposes that closed circuit 
television should be extended 
to all 92 clubs and also sited 
outside grounds. 

Among its other recom- 
mendations are that the 
police'spowers of arrest 
should bestrengthened, family 
enclosures should be in- 
creased and that the Govern- 
ment should take urgent steps 
to get the judiciary to apply 
firm and consistent sentenc- 

•Bristol Rovers' first round 
FA Cup game with Brentford 
at Bath, scheduled for last 
night, was postponed for a 
third lime. The match will 
now be played next Monday. 

The second round match 
between Notts County and 
Middlesbrough has been 
switched to Sunday, Decem- 
ber ?. from the previous day. 
at the request of the Notting- 
ham police. Nottingham For- 
est are playing Manchester 
City in the first division on 
December 6. 

, ,.« . .'5s‘ ^‘"'5 

-'Si-',-'''®.'-'" * 

- •• •- A; • >*. ' 

On top Dowd Unden Emburey is congratulated mi his hundredth Test wicket (Chris Matthews) as En g l a nd move 

Moods of Gatting and Border 
present a stark contrast 

Being on the winning side in a Test 
match is not something England's 
present players have beat too familiar 
with. After yesterday’s success by seven 
wickets in the first Test match against 
Australia io Brisbane Mike Gatting, 

the Fwgtanit ca ptain, «aid; “1 haven't 
been in a winning Test team for some 
time. My first victory as captain makes 
it even nicer. I won't be too disappointed 
if we carry on playing the Tests like we 
have this one. 

“John Embnrey’s performance this 
morning was quite magnificent. Bat over 
die five days, we have produced some 
good cricket as a team and everyone 
contri b uted. I meant all I said before this 
match about there being no lack of 
confidence. I knew the gnys could play 
well and people writing them off was jnst 
the spur they needed.” 

Gatting, who was naturally bonyant 
after leading bis country to a Test 
victory for the first time at the sixth 
attempt, explained what he thought bad 
changed since last summer, when Eng- 
land lost at home to both India and New 
Zealand? “We couldn't put die batting 
performance together. One guy would 
get runs but the other five wouldn't. The 


big bonus in this game was that five or 
six of us got good scores and there was 
one big hundred »nwag them.” 

England bad gone jute the "tan’ll as 
underdogs after a mediocre start to their 
tour during which they lost to Queens- 
land and were lucky to draw against 
Weston Australia. Gattmg, though, 
said he had never been dismayed, 
despite his side’s poor form. M f just sat 

Test match report, page 42 

down with the lads ami had a bit of a 
chat and we had five good days,” be said. 

Gatting had words of encouragement 
for his opponents. “I don't think yon 
should go writing off Aastrafia,” he said. 
“They wifl come back, they are a good 
side and you have to give credit where it 
is due became we played welLl am sure 
the series win still be a good one.” 

Australia's captain, Allan Border, 
was nevertheless dearly upset by Us 
side’s defeat, which was their thud in 
succession against Enghmit, foQowmg 
losses at Edbagston and the Oral in 
1985, and their eighth under his 
leadership in 22 Tests. 

Border had a straggle to hide his 

post-match press conference. “The atti- 
tude is excellent.” he said. “We jnst 
disappointment at the result during a 
played our worst match for a long time. 

“The bowling performance over the 
first two days was disappointing. It's 
going to be hard work, but the good 
thing is that there are four Tests left, 
and I don't think well play that badly 

In order to regain the Ashes, which 
they surrendered during the 1985 series 
in England, Australia wiB need to do 
something they hare not managed for 50 
years. No Australian team has lost the 
first Test and come back to win the 
Ashes series since the 1936-37 season. 

If they are do that, then Border’s own 
form may have to show a marked 
improvement. Border, who scored only 
seven and 23 at Brisbane, said: Tm not 
hitting the ball as wefl as I would like at 
the moment.” In answer to the sugges- 
tion that his bowlers’ lack of success in 
England's first inwiap may have put 
extra pressure on him, be said: “Fra a 
Test cricketer — no extra pressure”. 

England were put in to bat by Border 
and had enjoyed a superiority from the 
first day. 


then and yesterday he showed 
few signs of improving on that 

After losing the first frame, 
Johnson had a dear opportu- 
nity to level the match in the 
second. But a missed black 
proved costly and Parrott 
seized his opportunity. 

Johnson's only success 
came in the third frame, when 
a modest break of 38 proved 
sufficient but Parrott, aged 
21, took the remaining five 
frames of the session to put 
himself just two away from a 
place in the third round. 

The former world title 
holder, Terry Griffiths, and 
Tony Knowles had much ; 
happier afternoons. Griffiths 
opened up an 8-0 lead over the 
young New Zealander. Dene 

Porterfield facing baptism 
of fire at Aberdeen 

Ian Porterfield, newly in- 
stalled as manager of Aber- 
deen, faces a baptism of fire 
when he introduces himself to 
the Scottish premier division 
later this week. 

Not only will the newcomer 
to Pittodrie have to fill the 
chair of a flamboyant 
personality who made Aber- 
deen the most successful Scot- 
tish team of the last decade, he 
will find that his first two tests 
are against Rangers and 

But Porterfield, who yes- 
terday accepted the Aberdeen 
offer to succeed Alex Ferguson 
(who has moved to 
Manchesterday accepted the 
Aberdeen offer to succeed 
Alex Ferguson (who has 
moved to Manchesterday ac- 
cepted the Aberdeen offer to 
succeed Alex Ferguson (who 
has moved to Manchester 

By Hugh Taylor 

United), remains cool, as be- 
fits a former patient wing-half 

The former Raith Rovers 
and Sunderland player said* “1 
suppose you could call this a 
baptism of fire, but I'm glad to 
be starting in the hardest way 
imaginable. But 1 am under no 
illusions about the magnitude 
of this job or about how 
competitive the premier di- 
vision is. 

“It will be the hardest thing 
in football to follow the act of 
Alex Ferguson, but I will be in 
charge of one of the great 
clubs, where there are some 
outstanding players. I am 
looking forward to this, a job 
worth waiting for. 1 have had 
offers since leaving Sheffield 
United, but I had made up my 
mind nett to move until I had a 
chance of joining a dub that 
really mattered” 

Porterfield will take charge 

Navratilova strikes 
out British dates 

from Barry Wood, New York 

Caernarfon staying at home 

Caernarfon Town, the supporters in Saturday’s first- 
Welsb non-League club^re to round success 

host their FA Cup second Caernarfon had thought of 
round tie against York City, switching the game to York 

but, following consultations 
the biggest game in their with the local police who have 

history, after all. They had 
expressed reservations about 
playing home to the third 
division club following profc- 

Stock port's ground 

instructed that a section of 
terracing must be fenced, the 
game will now be played at the 
Multipart League club’s 

Appeal to 
the gods 

Hong Kong (AFP) — Hong 
Kong's hard-pressed football 
authorities have appealed to 
the gods in their desperation 
to bnng back the crowds to the 
stadiums. The latest initiative 
to halt the slide in attendances 
came at the Hongkong Foot- 
ball Association headquarters 
where perplexed officials 
burnt joss sticks in front of 
offerings including a roast pig 
and a goose. 

The traditional rite was 
aimed at soliciting the help of 
ancient Chinese gods. Hong 
Kong football enjoyed a peak 
of success in the 1970’s when 
several lop European players 
were enlisted to join the 
professional league here. But 
attendances have fallen rap- 
idly in recent years, many 
sponsors have pulled out and 
several top teams have gone 
out of business. 

Wales foes 

Wales will play their inter- 
national football match 
against the Soviet Union at 
Swansea's Vetch Field The 
Welsh FA secretary, Alun 
Evans, said that the game had 
been assigned to the fourth 


division ground in recognition 
of the hard work put in by 
everyone at the chib, which 
recently freed closure. 

Conway back 

Joanne Conway, the British 
senior ice figure skating cham- 
pion, will fly in from Colorado 
this week to defend her title in 
the Tuborg sponsored event at 
Solihull from November 24- 
26. Miss Conway, the youn- 
gest winner of the title for 
more than 30 years, is one of 
three 15 year olds among the 
entry of 23 skaters. 

of the on Saturday for 
the match with Rangers which 
will ensure a capacity atten- 
dance. As if that were not 
difficult enough, the en- 
counter with Celtic next 
Wednesday, also at Pittodrie, 
is even more formidable. 
Aberdeen are nine points be- 
hind the league leaders and 
cannot afford to drop any 
more if they are to remain in 
contention for the title. 

Yesterday Porterfield was 
welcomed by lan Donald, the 
Aberdeen director, who said: 
“Porterfield's appointment 
surprised many of our 
supporters, but I have no 
doubt that he will do well. If 
anyone <?" maintain our high 
standards it is our new 

• Archie Knox will join Man- 
chester United from Aberdeen 
today as assistant to Alex 
Ferguson, the new United 
manager. Ferguson has had an 
anxious wait for Knox after 
promising the Scottish dub 
that his former assistant at 
Pittodrie could stand in as 
manager until a new appoint- 
ment had been made. 

• Noel Cantwell returned yes- 
terday to take charge of Peter- 
borough United, the club he 

f tided to league honours and 
A Cup glory in the 1970s. 

Golden girl 

The leading young Soviet 
gymnast, Oksana 

Omeliantchik, wiQ be compet- 
ing in the Kraft International 
at Wembley on December 20 
and 21. The 26-year old was a 
member of the Soviet gold 
medal winning team in last 
year's world championships in 

She also won the world: 
overall title, adding a third 
gold medal to her collection 
when she took the world 
individual title for the floor 

The Wimbledon champion, 
Martina Navratilova, plans to 
restrict her visits to Britain to 
just two weeks a year as a 
result of stinging new tax laws, 
which means that she will no 
longer enhance the fields at 
the pre- Wimbledon tour- 
nament at Eastbourne or the 
Pretty Polly Classic at 

“The United Kingdom is 
imposing a tax based on bow 
many days you spend in 
England, and they divide that 
number of days into my yearly 
earnings,” die explained. The 
rule only applies to her 
endorsement contracts, but as 
the world’s most successful 
woman athlete who has multi- 
million dollar contracts with 
Yonex and Puma, the income 
tax is considerable. 

“I have paid over Stt mil- 
lion over the past five years,” 
Miss Navratilova added. “I 
came to their attention after I 
won the SI million bonus for 
the Grand Slam in 1984. So 
there’s no way I will ever play 
Brighton again, and I wfll not 
play Eastbourne. I shall get my 
grass court practice for 
Wimbledon somewhere else.” 

In theory, Miss Navratilova 
could find herself paying tax 
even if she won no matches in 
England “The most ridicu- 
lous thing of ail is that I might 

not win any money in England 
but I would still be taxed on 

but I would 
my income. 

she added. 

towards victory 


his way 

By David DuffieH 

The sight of the Peugeot 
driver. Time Salonen, smiling 
as he polled off his crash hat 
at the end of the fetal special 
stage of the Lombard RAC 
Rally said it alL With only the 
simple 70-mile run from 
Margam down the M4 road 
section to the finish in Bath to 
cover he knew he had won 
what had been possibly the 
closest SAC RaBy ever. In the 
service point mechanics 
finrffri ins car for the last 
time he said: “I can never 
remember a rally where the 
last stage would be so hard 

At the start of the last day 
only I min Ssec separated the 

< Am. 


i M 

spends four weeks in 

the value of ho- contracts. So 
far we haven't found any way 
round the problem.” 

Another reason behind 
Miss Navratilova's decision is 
her desire to cut back to 12 the 
number of tournaments she 
plays next year. This year she 
has played 19, plus the Federa- 
tion Cup. 

Virginia Slims report, page 39 
Jeremy Bates, of Britain, went 
dose to putting out the top 
seed. Andres Gomez, of Ec- 
uador, in the first round of the 
foe South African Open here 
yesterday (AFP reports). 

Gomez began slowly and 
Bates took the first set 6-4. 
The second set went to a tie- 
break, in which the top seed 
showed his experience, and 
Gomez dinched the third set 

RESULTS: Rist rated: K Curran (US) tit F 
Gonzates (Paij, 2-6, 6-3, 7-& A Gomez 
(Ec? MJ Bates (GB). 4-6, 7-6, 6-4. Second 
round: A Mansdocf (tsr) bt M O oP afcnsr 

(OS). 6-2. 6-1. 

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International schedules 
cause havoc in league 

Meninga in Second part 

Mai Meninga is the surprise 
replacement for stricken sec- 
ond row forward, Noel Cleal, 
in the Australian team for 
Saturday's third Whitbread 
Bitter Trophy Rugby League 
international against Great 
Britain at Wigan. Cleal, who 
broke an arm, returns home 
on Saturday. 

Bilardo stays 

Buenos Aires (Reuter) — 
Carlos Bilardo. who coached 
Argentina to World Cup foot- 
ball triumph in June, wfll lead 
the nation's defence of the 
crown in Italy in 1990, Julio 
Grondona, the Argentine 
Football Association presi- 
dent. said yesterday. 

The Football Association 
have given Lhe Multipart 
League the of approval to 
form a second division from 
next season. There will be 
promotion and relegation be- 
tween the new division and 
the top divisions of both the , 
North West Counties and 
Northern Counties East 
Lea g ues. 

Hibs delay 

Hibernian are to delay nam- 
ing a successor to John 
Blackley, who resigned as 
manager on Monday, until 
next week at the earliest A 
two-hour board meeting at 
Easter Road yesterday morn- 
ing discussed the vacancy. 

Increasing need for more 
careful international schedul- 
ing became evident on two 
fronts this week with early 
rounds of the Swiss Masters 
tournament in Zurich impos- 
ing obvious and sometimes 
expensive effects upon the 
American Express National 
League leadership race and 
later Swiss rounds potentially 
threatening entries for the 
National Championships 

By CoHn McQuillan 

for more dox was visited upon Home 
! schedul- Ales Nottingham who went 
l on two down 4-1 to Chapel Allerton 
dth early fo Leeds while their two top 
i Masters players, Gawain Briars and 
* impos- Greg Pollard, were locked in 
ometunes first round battle against each 
ipon the other in Switzerland. Briars 
National won which could malm his 
race and availability in Bristol at the 
otentiafly weekend a problem. 

. for the InterCity Cannons turned 
ion ships die situation to their advan- 

On Tuesday, Manchester ta 8 e by keeping their world 
Northern lost first string Geoff champion Ross Norman, in 
Williams and, as a direct London just long enough to 
consequence, their connection P^y him at first string in their 
to the leading national league lunchtime clash with league 
group when Rickie Hill and leaders Poundslreicher 

Williams and, as a direct 
consequence, their connection 
to the leading national league 
group when Rickie Hill and 
Ashley Naylor foiled to cap- 
italize on a good lower order 
start against Visco Monroe. 

Williams was losing to Stu- 
art Davenport in Zurich at the 
time. Davenport’s league 
team. Skol Leicester, won 4-1 
without him against Hall’s 
West Country, but the 5-0 
victory his first string presence 
should have assured would 
have pat Leicester on top of 
the table on. games difference. 

Probably the saddest para- 

D unning s Mill. 

With Philip Kenyon, British 
champion and usual 
Poundstreteher first string, 
{flaying and w inning earlier u 
Zurich, Norman's presence 
underpinned a whitewash vic- 
tory against the previ ously 
unbeaten league leaders. 

RESULTS: Americas Am 

SqHBD League towOty Cannons 5 
Po un d s gBKAef Dunnings MB 0: Vteeo 
Monroe 3 Ma nc he s te r Northern 2; SKt* 
Leicester 4 HsBs West Country 1; Chapel 
AHerton 4 Homs Ales Nootngtoini; Arrow 
Vfcge 1 ArtBeghHaB*.