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as Hurd holds 
fire on report 

By Robin Oakley, Political Editor 

The television licence fee is 
to be held at £58 for a farther 
year from April 1987, Mr 
Douglas Hurd, the Home 
Secretary, said yesterday. 

Mr Hurd told MPs in a 
debate on the Peacock report 
on broadcasting finance that 
since the questions raised by 
the report were yet to be 
resolved he had decided that 

Mr Hurd has discussed with 
the chairman of the XBA an 
amendment to the timetable 
so that whatever are 

t aken on the future of the 
system can be incorporated in 
the next contract round. The 
present contracts expiring on 
December 31 1989 will sow 
run to December 31 1992. 

Mr David Mellor, Minister 

funding the BBC either whofly 
or in part by advertising, on 
the wound that there was not 
sufficient elasticity of 
advertising for the two major 
broadcasters to compete for it 
without a reduction in the 
range and quality of pro- 

Mr Hurd invited MPs to 
contribute to the debate, but 

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From Monday; .... 
Europe's mftklakes 
and butler 
mountains are a 
wasteful result of 
the Common 
Policy. In a major 
series, The Tunes 
shows how 
subsidies are 
starving out the 
Third World 

- :Jl Mh at'l r \ t I 

of Burton 

• ’ A 

d ■ ' 

uk'f * 



Tuesday: Tell Sid 
- The Times is 
publishing the 
application form 

prospectus to apply 
for shares In 
British Gas 

• The £4*000 daily prize 
in The Times Portfofio 
Gold competition was 
shared yesterday by 
five readers. Details, 

Sphere is a further 
£4,000 to be won today. 
Portfofio Rst, pa ge 31; 
how to play, iirformation 


£ 1 . 2 bn bid 

Pilldnglon Brothers, the Mer- 
seyside flat gift** manufac- 
turer, received a £ 1.2 M Bfon 
takeover bid firom BTR, the 
industrial conglomerate, valu- 
ing Pifldn 0 od scares at 545p 

Births, deade. 

O wBM i auIs IgJ* 1 Weattor 

Sir Ralph Haipem, diair- 
man of die Burton Group, has 
overtaken Mr Richard 
Giordano, chairman of the 
BOC Group, to become the 
highest paid chairman of a 
British company and die first 
to be paid more than £1 
nnUion a year. 

PBs eanrings in the year to 
August 30 were £1.004,000, 
neatly double has 1985 
“salary" of £542,000. Now in 
second place, Mr Giordano 
received £883,100 in (be year 
to September 30, 1985. 

Mr Bob RmiiTMin, the chair- 
man of Beedtam,^ reportedly 
on a salary of just over 
£700,000/ Sir Ralph’s basic 
salary is £200,000, hot his 
total package is related to 

Page 25 


Teachers and local auth- 
ority representatives are due 
to meet at Acas headquarters 
in London today to, sign the 
deal agreed by four of the six 
unions last weekend. 

A question mark still re- 
mains, however, as to whether 
ratification will go ahead. 

Mr Kenneth Baker, the 
Secretary of State for Educa- 
tion, has raged file teachers to 
reconsider their proposals on 
the pay structure dement of 
the agreement 
Should any of the unions 
indicate today a desire to 
reopen discussions, the date 
for signing could be postponed 

Mr Baker wants to see more 
promotion allowances in the 
£608 million he has allocated 
towards a pay deaL 

1,600 apply for share 
of papers’ £58m offer 

News International an- 1,412. The National Graphi- 
nounced yesterday that 1,600 cal Association’s members 
applications have now. been turned it down by 565 votes to 
received from former mem- 116. 
bers of staff for termination Mr Rupert Murdoch, the 
payments (Tim Jones writes), chairman of News Inter- 
Several hundred more let- national, has written personal 
tors are outstanding, many of totters to all the dismissed 
them from people who have employees telling them the 
requested rfn pfeatfts of their offer doses next Monday. i 
release forms, having been He has emph asi sed there' 
intruded to hand the originals will be no further negotiations 
to their irnion&- Under the deal, the former 

The company » still receiv- employees would receive £820 
ing applications from former for each completed year of 
employees who are interested continuous service, with a 
in darning their share of its minimu m payment of £2,000. 

final offer of £58 million. 

Members of Sogat *82 re- 
jected the offer last month by 
2^72 votes to 960, with 17 

spoiled papers, a majority of the company. 

Those accepting termination 
payments wfll be expected to 
sign a document stating they 
have no further dispute with 

cuts in 
income tax 

By Rodney Lord 
and David Smith 

The Chancellor, Mr Nigel 
Lawson, continued yesterday 
that he would not be able to 
reduce the basic rate of in- 
come tax to his target of 25p in 
the coming Budget 

He told file Treasury and 
Civil Service Select Commit- 
tee that his aim would have to 
be deferred because of fee 
increases in jxibtic spending 
announced m his antnmn 
statement— A pound more of 
public spending was a pound 
not available for tax cuts. 

But he d e scribed the 
changes in the Government’s 
views on public spending as 
changes of “presentation 
rather than policy”. And he 
emphasized feat public spend- 
ing would continue to fell as a 
prop o rtion of the economy. 
He told the Committee he 
would prefer not to see the 
pound fell much further, 
mentianii% that he paid most 
attention to the trade wrigbted 
index- qs thc iwsffi* of 

sterifogFsvtfem , . 

He resisted suggesffons 
from Mr Austin Mitchell that 
sterling should be allowed to 
fell and interest rales brought 

“To allow the pound to fell 
in order to offset cost increases 
would be a surrender to 
inflation," he said. The 
Government’s policy was one 
of non-accommodation. 

The Chancellor said public 
spending in the next three 
years was planned to rise at 1 
per cent a year in real terms 
compared wife 1% per cent 
during this P&rbament so fer 
and 2% per cent during fee 
Government’s first term of 

The pound fell sharply add- 
ing to the pressure on fee 
Chancellor to raise interest 
rates. Official figures showed 
fee credit boom gaming 
The pound dropped by a 
cent to $1.4115 and it fell by 
two pfennigs to DM2.8310 
just above its all-time low. 
The sterling index fell from 68 
to 67.6. Interest rates in the 
money markets firmed. 

The pound has fallen fay 3 
per cent in the two weeks since 
Mr Lawson said he would 
raise interest rates to defend it 
However, the Gty has de- 
tected a difference ctfemphasis 
between Mr Lawson and Mrs 
Thatcher on this. 

The view in the foreign 
arfianp . mar kets is that the 
Prime Minister is prepared to 
allow sterling to fell further in 
order to avoid higher interest 
rates. “Mrs Thatcher ismxfer- 
mimng the pound," said Mr 
David Morrison, currency 
emniwnist at Goldman SanhSL 
The record bank lending 
increase of £3.5 billion was 
contained in the latest money 
supply figures. These showed 
sterling M3 at 18.25-18.5 per 
cent above its level a year 
earlier compared wife the 
official 11 to 15 per cent target 

Iran arms furore 
rages on despite 
Reagan’s defence 

From Michael Bfnyon, Washington 

President Reagan's vig- In an unprecedented move, 
orous defence of his secret the White House admitted 
aims sales to Iran has foiled to one mistake by Mr Reagan 
quell the furore here and has who had denied four times 
been challenged by sceptical that he had condoned arms 
congressmen of both parties. shipments by Israel or other 

w_ d__„_ . countries and denied that 

Imt Reagan insisted he Israel had first prompted the 
broke no law m smduig ttie to l2ek coi 

weapons and keegan ^ the ship - 
ments secret from Congress, 
despite * a requirement for The White Hoi 
“timely notice”. statement in his n 

The White House issued a 
statement in his name correct- 
ing a “misunderstanding” say- 
ing “there was a third country 

UT fngmnl .k. I IN.IUUUU J W U UUI 6 

“I suspect the PrKident ing ‘There was a third country 
does not understand the law 
with regard to informing Con- . 

gross on these thin g s , " said Iran arms ensis _ 11 

Senator Richard Lugar, outgo* Help for Khomeini 20 
ing chairman of the Senate 

foreign relations committee. involved in our secret project 

Democrats were blunter. not 

“One blunder after another," wentrfy farad by name. 
said Senator Mb Glenn of One issue that Mr Reagan 
Ohio. “You can’t continue to cleared up was the future of 
deceive the American people Mr George Shultz, the Seo- 
and expect us to trust hun.” retary of State. “He has made 

_ 1 . ... „ it plain that he will stay as long 

Reiterating that no further ^ j w^nt him — and I want 
arms sales vrould be made to him ” 

IraHrMr Reagan jpromised to .. 

provide full irritation jo . ^ Looking. tense, Mr Reagan 
r^iprw^a?ttit Mamaann." insaSCftdm nad not made a 

— — — — i mistake approving fee opera- 

> \Sk/ - tion. “It was a high-risk 

-ILp.' c IS gamble. . .the circumstances 

« were warranted and I don’t see 

*°<L*RS Wt feat it has been a fiasco or a 
^ H great failure of any kind.” 

v However, Mr Robert Mc- 

yepy 1 Farlane, the former White 

'■/Y\ House natioual security ad- 

i^* p viser who headed the clandes- 
- * * ’ ' / • tine mission to Tehran, was 

_ "/ / » \ reported to have said the 

Rftiriujct \ 1 1 Administration made a mis- 

1 take in providing the arms. 

Me««5-j | \ ^ \ • UNITED NATIONS: The 

— <L| / } 1 General Assembly condem- 

°° ~ i * / ned last Aprffs US attack on 

V v -- J Libya as a violation of inter- 

national law and said Libya 
(i rJn-jj. was entitled to compensation 

I (Reuter reports). 

7 j. nuts- 

IK V. 




Britain issues visa 
to Ir anian envoy 

By Andrew McEwen, Diplomatic Correspondent 

In sharp contrast to Wash- 
ington's high-risk approach to 
improving relations wife Iran, 
Whitehall yesterday took a 
cautious step in the same 
direction. The Foreign Office 
tried the simple expedient of a 

Granting a visa allowing the 
Iranians to replace their 
outgoing top London dip- 
lomat may have wedged open 
the door to more normal 

It enabled Mr Timothy 
Renton, Minister of State at 
fee Foreign Office, to ask the 
Iranians yesterday to recip- 
rocate by granting visas for 
two British diplomats to take 
up posts in Tehran. 

After an amicable 40- 
minute talk with Mr Renton, 
Mr Seyed fatal Sadatian, the 
departing Iranian charge d'af- 
faires, promised to relay the 

If accepted it could lead to a 
resumption of a full British 

Whitehall has no men of its 
own in Tehran, having with- 
drawn them during the Ameri- 
can hostage crisis in 1980 

British interests are looked 
after by the Swedish embassy, 
but they have not been given 
access to a British bus- 
inessman and Roger Cooper, 
the journalist who has been 
detained without charges 
since last December. 

Mr Renton expressed “sad- 
ness" that the Iranian charge 
had not been able to leave ax a 
time of better relations. 

The Prime Minister has 
supported Washington's aim 
of improving relations with 
Iran while expressing full con- 
fidence in President Reagan's 
explanation of the methods 

Whitehall to support reform of obscenity law 

By Philip Webster 
Chief Political 

The Government is ready to 
support moves to. reform fee 
few on obscene publications 
by tightening fee definition of 
obscenity in an attempt to 
inake it easier for juries to 
■ convict 

MPs who were successful in 
yesterday’s annual private 
members' ballot were bom- 
barded wife proposals for le- 
gislation by minister^ whips 
and a vast array of pressure 

The Home Office was active 
and Conservative MPs suc- 
cessful in fee ballot were told 
feat Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary, was keen to 
back Bills to outlaw fee sale of - 
crossbows to children, to am- 

plify procedures fbrobtaining 
drinks licences and a measure 
to tackle obscenity. 

The definition in fee 1959 
Act, of material tikdy to de- 
prave or corrupt, has long 
been beM to be too vague, but 
repeated efforts to change the 
law through Private Members* 

Several of the MPs who fin- 
ished high in the ballot, in- 
duding Mr Peter Bnrinvels, 
Conservative MP for' Laces- 
ter East, who came fend, were 

considering last night whether 

to introduce sucha BQ1, which 
which wbold have fee enthusi- 
astic support of the Prime 

Many MPs and anti-pomo- 
gr&phy campaigners would 
-want to go furtfaeiybut a limit- 
ed measure would dearly have 

Government support and 
cook! therefore teach the stat- 
ute book. 

The. Commons Grand 
Committee Room was crowd- 
ed yesterday with representat- 
ives of diverse pressure groups 
and reporters as Mr Harold 
Walker, fee chairman of Ways 
and Means, drew 20 names 
from fee 411 MPs competing 
for a niche in legislative 

The Licensed Victuallers’ 
Association, the Society for 
the Protection of the Unborn 
Child, fee RSPCA, fee Con- 
sumers Association, pro-Sun- 
day Trading organizations, fee 
National Consumer Council, 
fee Freedom of Information 
campaign, an anti-counterfeit- 
mg group and Mrs Mary 
Whitehouse were among those 

waiting to pounce on success- 
ful MPS. 

MPs were receiving tele- 
phone calls exhorting them to 
bring in legislation within 
minutes of the draw, and some 
were even presented wife draft 

Last night most of the MPs 
at the top of the list — with the 
greatest chance of reaching the 
statute book — were still mak- 
ing up their minds. 

Mr David Winnick, Labour 
MP for Walsall North, who 
finished first, was undecided. 
Mr Gerry Neale, Conservative 
MP for North Cornwall who 
finished second, is considering 
a measure designed to boost 
tourism. Is? Bruin veb would 
prefer a law and order mea- 
sure, but may eventually come 
down in favour of obscenity. 

Mr Winston ChurchilL Con- 
servative MP for Davyhulme, 
who finished fourth, was still 
reeling after finishing high in 
fee list for the second year 

Sir Edward Gardner, Con- 
servative MP for Fyldc, was 
one of the few MPs to have 
made up his mind. He is to in- 
troduce a Bill giving British 
judges the right to hear human 
rights cases. Areixie Kirkwood, 
Liberal .MP for Roxburgh and 
Berwickshire, is proposing a 
measure to give more access to 
personal files. 

Mr Gerald Howarth, Con- 
servative MP for Cannock and 
Burntwood, is considering a 
Bin to relax the licensing laws, 
which the Home Office trill 
not oppose. 





By Andrew McEwen 
Whitehall Correspondeut 
Elderly British Legion 
members in Zimbabwe were 
detained for five days in aim 
prison conditions for mailing 
letters sealed with stickers 
shaped like Remembrance 
Day poppies, h was claimed 

On the pretext that the 
stickers were “unauthorized 
literature", the Zimbabwean 
authorities seized records and 
accounts and rounded up 
volunteer office staff together 
with the only paid official 
They were released on bail on 
Tuesday night. 

Colonel Guy Stocker, Sec- 
retary General of the British 
Commonwealth Ex-Services 
League, spoke to one of the 
volunteers by telephone. 

“He sounded pretty shaken 
up and was nervous talking on 
the 'phone. It was dearly a 
ghastly experience in filthy 
conditions," he said. 

• HARARE: After swoops 
on Tuesday on the Bulawayo 
offices of fee Legiuil me 
Zimbabwean affiliate of the 
British Ex-Servicemen’s 
Association, and the Pioneer 
Association, five elderly 
whites, inducting two women | 
and a retired colonel in their 
70s, were arrested (Jan Raath 

Lawyers representing them 
said police proposed to charge 
them under a section of the 
State of Emergency legislation 
banning fee possession of 
“offensive souvenirs". 

The offence carries a fine of 
(Zimbabwe) $100 (£40). None 
of the five trad been ill-treated, 
lawyers said, apart from “the 
degrading experience of 
spending a night in the 
slammer." On Wednesday 
they were re mand e d on bad 
with no charges being put. 

M 5 
1 1 1 • j iTS 

“n [i 


By Martin Fletcher and 
Thomson Prentice 

A big increase in Govern- 
ment funds to light the grow- 
ing Aids crisis is to be 
announced in fee Commons 

Last week, Mr Tony New- 
ton, Minister of State for 
Health, said feat the Govern- 
ment would spend at least £10 
million to combat fee disease. 
However, that figure will be 
increased significantly by Mr 
Norman Fowler, Secretary of 
State for Social Services, when 
he opens a iull-day debate on 
Aids this morning. 

Also to be unveiled today 
are the national press 
advertisements and radio 
commercials which are to 
spearhead the Government’s 
public education campaign. 
These wiO be supplemented 
by extensive television 
advertising and a leaflet drop 
to 23 million households. 

Mr Fowler will use the 
debate to spell out in stark 
terms the nature of fee disease 
and fee threat it poses. He wifi 
tell MPs that it is infectious, 
that it kills, and that there is 
no known cure. He will say 
that Britain is “on fee 
threshold" and that only by a 
radical change m sexual 
behaviour can fee spread of 
fee disease be halted. 

One minister yesterday 
underlined the seriousness 
wife which .the Government 
now views the Aids (acquired 
immune deficiency syn- 
drome) crisis. He forecast that 
it would dominate the think- 
ing of the public and that it 
could condition the whole 
climate of the next election. 

The first television 
commercials about Aids may 
be screened before the end of 
the year, the Independent 
Broadcasting Authority (1BA) 
said yesterday. 

The advertisements will be 
explicit and may be shown at 
peak viewing times “when the 
largest and most appropriate 
numbers of people are view- 
ing," the 1BA said. 

The style and content of fee 
advertisements, which are 
likely fo be shown concur- 
rently ui: BBC, udv? TOt-tec? 
divulgpd. 'J •- . - 

certain to contain advice on " 
fee use of condoms as protec- 
tion against fee risk of Aids 
virus infection. 

The IBA said its screening 
of advertisements, which also 
will be broadcast on indepen- 
dent radio stations, will be 
followed in fee new year by 
public service announcements 
on TV and radio. 

The intention was to “con- 
tinue to build up fee highest 
possible awareness of the facts 
about Aids” fee IBA said. 

The BBC will show a mock 
45-second Aids commercial 
on December 1 during a new 
science programme. Antenna, 
on BBC 2. 

Tests unworkable, page 3 

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Winter fuel aid 
system changed 

The Government yesterday announced changes m the 
rales covering extra hearing payments (or householders on 
supplementary benefit during very cold weather. Claimants 
are to get a single payment of £5 a week for every week in 
which the average temperature is minus IiC or less. 

This replaces the widely criticized system under which 
the decision on cash aid was based on the extent to which 
temperatures differed from those normally expected in a 
particular area in winter. It led to southerners receiving 
help denied to northerners in the same conditions. 

The new system applies from December II and those en- 
titled to claim are householders on supplementary benefit 
who have a famil y member aged 65 or over, chronically sick 
or disabled or aged under two. Claimants are e xclu d ed if 
they have savings of more than £500. 

Ruling on riot film 

The BBC was ordered yesterday to give police its rate© 
film of the St Pauls riots in Bristol earlier this year. Mr 
Justice Smart-Smith, a High Court judge in Exeter, said be 
was satisfied that the BBC had refused to release die nhn 
without a court order. 

He said it was in the public's interest that po lice should 
study sections of the footage taken by camera crews daring 
the rioting. That would mean those who co mm it t ed 
criminal offences could be prosecuted. 

Two di« 

3 Legion 

Two women drowned 
yesterday when their car 
plunged off a ferry boat 
ramp and trapped them 20 
feet under the sea at 
Ftshbonrae on the Isle of 

The car was submerged 
for 90 minutes before it 
could be raised. 

Last night police were 
investigating why the car 
had been on the span 
connecting the ferry 
steamer to the shore. 

The accident happened 
as the Ports mouth-bo nnd 
ferry pulled away. Police 
said it appeared that the 
women had been trying to 
board the vessel. 

A further three cases of 
the potentially deadly 
Legionnaires* disease have 
been confirmed in Glouc- 

The victims have recov- 
ered but doctors are now 
checking records and doing 
tests to discover if more 
people have been hit by the 
disease without having it 
diagnosed at the time. 

Thirteen people have 
now been affected. 

Samples taken from air 
conditioning units in shops 
and public buildings are 
being analysed in an at- 
tempt to trace a common 
source of the disease. 

Consul suspended 

The Foreign Office said yesterday that Mr Paul Kutner, 
qgpd 58, a British honorary consul in Perpignan, southern 
France, who is accused of trying to bribe two British rape 
victims in France, would remain suspended until French in- 
vestigations into the case were completed. 

The bribery charge was made alter police bugged Mr 
Kutner's conversation with the girls in a north Loudon pub- 
lic house, but the Director of Public Prosecutions derided 
on Wednesday to drop the charges. 

fund plea 

The Government's pro-. ■ 
posed grant of £3 million 
next year to the National 
Heritage Memorial Fund is 
wholly inadequate. Lord 
Charteris (right), the $ 
fUnd*S chairman, said yes- 
terday. :'r 

At a meeting to launch ' i 
the fund's annual report, be . 
said important areas of >. ■’ 
countryside, works of art.-:;-. V 
and other national heritage c -V/- '. 
items would be irrevocably 
damaged or lost unless ?’^* * 
more funds were forth- 


Bamber to appeal 

Jeremy Bamber. jailed for life for mmdering five of his 
family, is to appeal against his conviction. The grounds are 
believed to indude several points of law, mdading remarks 
by the judge at Chelmsford Crown Coot. 

The appeal must be lodged by Tuesday, 28 days after his 
conviction. Bamber. aged 25, was given five life s entence s 
for the shootings at Tolleshont D'Arcy, Essex. 

Open the Dec/Jan issue of A la carte 
for a gourmet's guide to Christmas... 

Elisabeth LnanTs seasonal 
recipes for luxurious goose 

Michael Smith's spectacular 
marbled chestnut pudding 

Wines to drink with rich food 

Jane Grigson on the 
extravagant oyster 

Roger Verge's cuisine du Soleil 

A la carte 

Dec/Jan issue on safe now 
at all good newsagents 

Practically the most entertaining magazme ever 

Welcome for 
Bill despite 

Dogs find 
4 suspect 
areas on 
the moors 

I**'* -*" 


Ridley to 
stamp out 

By Ian Smith 
Northern Coreespimieiit 

i.—* — -■ 

The Government’s new 
Consumer Protection Bill will 
be “a major gain for con- 
sumers and a real opportunity 
for British industry”, Mr Paul 
Channon, the Secretary for 
Trade and Industry, claimed 
at its publication yesterday. 

Mr Channon said that the 
Bill would give everyone bet- 
ter value for money by 
improving the design, quality 
and safety of products, and by 
improving the information 
given to people before they 

By encouraging fair com- 
petition and greater use of 
standards it would stimulate 
industry to produce safer 
goods of better design. 

The Bill covers three main 
areas. It introduces strict 
product liability so that con- 
sumers no longer have to 
prove negligence when claim , 
mg compensation for damage 
or injury caused by unsafe or 
defective products. 

It provides a general safety 
requirement, making it a 
criminal offence for manufac- 
turers or importers to sell 
unsafe goods. 

Thirdly it will make it a 
c riminal offence to give con- 
sumers a misleading price 
indication about any goods, 
services, accommodation or 

Consumer organizations 
have welcomed the Bill as a 
considerable improvement on 
the unwieldy existing legisla- 
tion against unsafe goods and 
misleading price claims , but 
theyare concerned about two 
of its provisions. 

The most important, ac- 
cording to both the 
Consumers' Association and 
the National Consumer Coun- 
cil, is the Government’s de- 
cision to allow manufacturers 

By Robin Young 

s new to claim a against 

azn :u a * 

product liability on the 
grounds that the state of 

pounds that the slate of 
knowledge at the time of 
ma n ufac t ure did not enable 
them to know that the product 
might be dangerous. 

Mr Michael Howard, the 
minister responsible for con- 
sumer affairs, said; “It wfl] be 
a very onerous task for manu- 
facturers to show that they did 
everything they could possibly 
have done to ensure their 
product was sate before releas- 
ing it. 

“If we did not allow this as a 
possible defence it would be a , 
great disincentive to the in- 
troduction of new products. 
Innovation benefits con- 
sumers as well as producers.” 

The consumer organiza- 
tions say that it would be 
preferable for manufacturers 
to take out special insurance 
when introducing new prod- 
ucts, and pass on the cost in 
(heir prices, rather than to 
leave individual victims to 
bear the effects of injuries 
without compensation. 

Both France and Belgium 
have decided not to allow the 
development risk defence in 
their equivalent legislation. 

The consumer lobby is also 
dissatisfied at the exclusion of 

Arts cash 



By Gavin Bell 
Arts Correspondent 

Mr Richard Luce, Minister 
for the Aria, reacted angrily 
last night to criticism of his 
latest budget, saying those 
who had misre pre sented the 
facts were in Hangpr of damag- 
ing the cause of the arts. 

He tokl business sponsors 
in London that some lobbyists 
had turned pessimism into an 
art form by using colourful 
and theatrical language to 
overstate their case. 

The Arts Council, the Brit- 
ish Film Institute and other 
organizations have criticized 
their allocations for 1987, 
announced last Monday. 

Mr Luce said his £339 
million budget was a S.4 per- 
cent increase on this year. 
Hie basic provision for the 
Arts Council had gone up by 
3.5 per cent, which was 
broadly in line with inflation. 
Real spending on the arts had 
risen 13 per cent under the 

Mr Luce told his audience 
that business sponsorship is 
expected to have contributed 
up to £25 million by the end 
of this year. 

“This is just one example of 
how the arts are expanding 
through a plurality of funding. 
We must all work together 

Increase in 

positively, public and private 
sectors alike, to maintain (he 

sectors alike, to maintain the 
expansion of the arts.” j 

By Mark Dowd 

Edncation Correspondent 

Mr Kenneth Baker, the 
Secretary of State for Educa- 
tion, last night described as 
“Herculean"! the attempts 
made by many universities to 
improve links with industries. 

But, he told his audience at 
the University of London's 
150th anniversary dinner, 
they were still receiving only 
2 per cent of their total in- 
come from industrial sources. 

Mr Baker also announced 
yesterday, in a parliamentary 
witten reply, new projections 
of demand for places in higher 

The projections have been 
issued in a report which has 
been compiled by the Depart- 
ment of Education and Sci- 
ence which covers demand np 
to the year 2000. 

Mr Baker said that the 
percentage of 18-19 year olds 
in higher education could be 
as high as 18J per cent if the 
report's predictions prove to 
be accurate. 

The figures are intended for 
future consultative use with' 
the University Grants Com- 
mittee and the National Ad- 
visory Body for public sector 
higher education. 

Projections of Demand for 
Higher Education in Great 
Britain 1986-2000 Department 
of Education and Science. York 
Road. SE1. 

Pay-cut plea to 
800 QE2 crew 

By Tim Jones 

More than 800 hotel and 
catering staff who work on the 
QE2 have been asked to take a 
pay cut to help Cunard to 
survive financially in the lux- 
ury cruise market 
The proposals have led to 
meetings between the com- 
pany and the crew, which is 
being advised by the National 
Union of Seamen (NUS). The 
staff is expected to vote on the 
deal in a secret ballot 
Because of increased com- 
petition, Cunard, with other 
companies, IS p lanning to 
contract out its catering ser- 
vices. It is understood that the 
existing crew has been told it 
can apply for redundancy 

paying tax at British rates. 

A spokesman for Cunard 
said yesterday; “It cannot be 
denied that the QE2 enjoys a 
certain cachet, but it only 
operates as a transatlantic 
liner for a third of its time. 

payments and then re-apply 
for new posts with the Ba- 

for new posts with the Ba- 
hamas-based company res- 
ponsible for the contract. 

The move is part of the 
company’s strategy to cut 
costs by employing cheaper 
foreign labour, according to 
the NUS. 

Under the new proposals, a 
barman serving on the liner 
would be paid about $800 
(£571) a month — less than be 
receives at present. But, the 
company maintains, the loss 
in basic earnings could be 
made up by a percentage of 
beverage sales and tips. 

There coaid be tax advan- 
tages for a crew employed by a 
foreign contract company be- 

“For the rest of the year, it is 
engaged in fierce competition 
with other operators, most of 
whom operate the system we 
are trying to introduce.'* 

At present, the 57,000-ton 
liner is undergoing a £90 
million refit at Bremerhaven, 
West German, which, it is 
estimated, will extend her life 
by 20 years. 

The decision to place the 
contract with a foreign com- 
pany has led to a big political 
dispute. However, Trafalgar 
House, the parent company, 
has deckled to place orders 
with British companies worth 
£25 million. 

• The Joplings Steel Castings 
foundry in Fallion, Sunder- 
land, is to close in February. 
The closure will mean the loss 
of 237 jobs. 

search far the bodies of chil- 
dren started after mframatioa 
given by Myra Headley, jailed 
with Ian Brady for the Moms 

Sofl samples ware sent to 
die Home Office forensic sci- 
ence laboratory at Charley for 

tests, bat Det Chief 
Superintendent Peter Top- 
ping, who is leading toe 
search, warned about being too 
optimisti c. 

The dogs me trained to find 
bodies but. Ire said, they may 
have only have discovered a 
sheep’s carats. 

Mr Topprag said foe spots 
die eight dogs kept re tm auig 
to were wi thin yards at each 
other and would be dug more 
ihDy today. 

Detectives are certain the 
bodies of Keith Bennett, aged 

By Nicholas Wood and 
Martin Fletcher 

Det Chief 

12, and Pauline B a ade, aged 
16, who disappeared more 
than 20 years ago, are buried 
in the peat sefl of Saddleworth 

They also beHeve there may 
be more bodies. This follows 
the study id photographs, 
documents and missing person 

Mr Topping said; “Interest- 
fag information has come out 
which could cause people to 
believe that there are other 
missing persons up there. It is 
nothing very definite and at 
this stage we do not know what 
weave going to find.” 

Four German Shepherds, 
two Border Collies and one 
black Labrador yesterday 
worked inside four taped off 
areas, each 100 yards by 150 

who is leading the hast, on 
Moor yesterday. 

primary agricultural products 
from the general safety 

from the general safety 

Mr Channon said that this 
was a policy adopted by all 
member states of the Euro- 
pean Community. Agricult- 
ural products were liable to 
many defects that were not 
under the control of produc- 
ers, and were often sold in 
bulk so that it could be 
difficult to trace the individual 
growers of defective produce; 

It was in one of the new 
search sections, divided in two 
by foe A635 Greenfield to 
Holmfirth road, that the body 
of John KiHwMe was un- 
earthed in October 1965. 

Five days earlier Lesley 
■Ann Downey, aged 10, had 
been found 375 yards away on 
the opposite ante of foe road. 

If the four sectioned-off 
areas reveal nothing the dogs 
will switch to other parts of the 
moor featured in photographs 
taken by Brady. 

How long the search contin- 
ues depends entirely on the 
weather, lie dogs' enemies 
are water and ground frost, 
which destroy scent. 

If nothing is found within 
the next month the search wfl] 
resume in the spring. Mr 

Topping said the case fifes 
would remain open. 

Mr Topping has refused to 
reveal what information was 
supplied to him by Hmdfey 
wires he visited her at 
Cookbam Wood Jail in Roch- 
ester, Kent, where she is 
serving a life sentence. 

Mr Topping now intends 
seeking a further meeting with 
Ian Brady, who is in Hark 
Lane special hospital on 
Merseyside undergoing 
psychiatric treatment. 

• Hind ley yesterday issued a 
statement through Mr Mi- 
chael Fisher, her solicitor, 
denying that she had tried to 
barter iaforraattou about other 
murders in return for a prom- 
ise of immunity. 

MPs fight check on powers 

Mr Nicholas Ridley, the 
Secretary of Stale for the 
Environment, is today ex- 
pected to warn high-spending 
councils that he is ready to 
take tough new action to 
stamp out “creative acc- 

He will also cite figures 
showing that around eight 
million people in dtics rachid- 
ing London, Manchester and 
Edinburgh, live under ex- 
treme-fen cantroL 
Meanwhile, Mr Neil Kisn- 
ock. Labour leader, who was 
stung into denouncing the 
town hall “zealotry” that is 
giving ammunition to his 
political opponents, is to have 
private talks with Mr Benue 
Grant, the left-wing leader of 
Haringey Council 
Mr Ridley has already an- 
nounced legislation to stamp 
out deferred purchase deals, 
under which councils have 
run up a national bill of 
£2 billion by removing cur- 
rent spending from Govern- 
ment controls through making 
r fcg ifr with finance houses to 
pay in future years. 

But Labour local authorities 
are now trying to evade the 
dampdown by moves such as 
debt restructuring, creating 
special funds, and leasing 
property and equipmenL 
The Secretary of State will 
warn them that he is monitor- 
ing their activities closely and 
may amend his draft Bill to 
give it added teeth. 

In his speech today Mr 
Ridley will seek to capitalize 
on claims that a future Labour 
government would mirror the 
antics of far-left councillors 
r unning many town halls. 

He will argue that the 

figures do not support Mr 
Kmnock's retort that 99.9 per 

By Martin Fletcher, Political Reporter 

Chairmen of the Commons 
select committees are under- 
stood to ha ve agreed yesterday 
that they would fight any 
attempt by the Government to 
restrict their powers. 

The liaison committee, of 
which they are all members, 
met for the first time since the 
Government ta gg***! a final 
paragraph on to its reply to the 
defence committee's report on 
the Westland affair. 

The paragraph said that it 
would be instructing Civil 
Savants appearing before 
select committees not to an- 

swer questions about their 
own or colleagues’ conduct. 

Publicly the chairmen were 
saying nothing after tire meet- 
ing, but it is understood that 
the mood was one of indigna- 
tion and defiance. 

Successive chairmen were 
reported to have expressed the 
views of their committees that 
the Government’s ruling 
would make their work 
impossible and was an at- 

tempt to clip their wings. 
The committee does 

The committee does not 
meet again until early next 
month, but it is believed that 

there will be behind-the- 
scenes talks with the Govern- 
ment between now and then. 

Mr Terence Higgins, chair- 
man of the liaison committee, 
said yesterday that there had 
been a general discussion and 
that the matter would be 

“It is much more important 
to get it right than do it in a 
burry,” he said. 

In the Commons debate on 
the Westland report, however, 
Mr Higgins clinically demol- 
ished the arguments behind 
the Government’s proposal | 

Kmnock's retort that 99.9 per 
cent of councils do not attract 
“lurid headlines" which ob- 
scure their “solid and sus- 
tained progress’*. 

The Labour leader is visit- 
ing Haringey to lay a wreath at 
the memorial to Mrs Cynthia 
Jarrett, whose death during a 
police raid on her home 
sparked the Broadwater Farm 
riots last year, and to unveil a 
memorial to Police Constable 
Keith Blake lock, who was 
kilted during the riots. 

Mr Kinnock is expected to 
speak bluntly to Mr Grant, 
whose council is among the 
most notorious of the hard-left 





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A smgeon win> aigued wtfh 
a colleapic and- rafiged jj. 
perform an emeigency heart 
operation on a critically in 
patient was found .guilty yes- 1 
terday of serious professional 

But after a two-day hearing 
the General Medical Comal 
in London said that ip view of 
the circumstances it would 

only admonish him 

A Question mark now Fiangy 
over the career of Mr JFdix 
Weale, aged 62, who aigued 
with tds consultant colleague, 
Mr Frederic Skidmore, over 
who should cany out the 
operation. . 

Mr Weale, who was on call 
at home as consultant smgeon 
early on Christmas Eve, 1985, 
first heard about the patient 

By Michael Horsnell 

he would notbe leaving home 
to carry out -foe operation. 

It was then 9.05 — five riiTn - 
utes after the end of his duty 
rota. He told the theatre nu rse 
font Mr Skidmore should 
perform the operation. 

The complaint against Mr 
Weale was hud by Mr 
Skidmore, a hereof the Brigh- 
ton Grand. Hotel bombing 
who helped save Mr Norman 

Mr Skidmore replaced Mr 
Weale on duty, but after being 
fold the situation by the 

hospital he rang Mr Weale and 

sakfc “Your patient is on the 
operating table,” 

After a brief argument on 
the telephone Mr. Skidmore 
performed the foor-hpur op- 

prepared to regaid this sad 
modem as an Isolated lapse in 
your lengthy and otherwise 
unblemished career. In aE the 
orcumstances ft win be suf- 
ficient to admonish you.” 

The committee had been 
fold flat there was consid- 
erable animosity between the 
two men, and that they rarely 

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They both left the hearing 
refosing to comment 
Mr Weale had denied seri- 
ous professional misconduct 
and said he would have gone 
to the hospital to carry out the 
operation if it hwd been 

He said: “In my wifryf that 
patient was being resuscitated 
and there was ample . time 

; 4' 4? -• . . W 

emerges in 
TV race 

By Jonathan Miller 
Media Correspondent 

British Satellite Broadcast- 
ing yesterday emerged as foe 
prime contender for foe Brit- 
ish direct broadcast satellite 
franchise, with foe announce- 
ment that Independent Tele- 
vision News has agreed to 
provide material fora 24-hour 
news, sport and current affairs 
television chann el 
The announcement may 

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against Oxford-Educated 

rewlerwiK) has soldthe school 
* t and now lives with his sister in 
1 Derbyshire, was not pro- 
ceeded with after he had 

That involved a boy aged 

Miss Jnfie MacFarlane, a 
Society of Teachers Opposed 
to Physical Punishment repre- 
sentative, listened to the case. 
She said later “I am delig h ted 
with the custodial sentence 
that Slade got”. 

Mr Robin Sanders, the 
school's deputy headmaster, 
said lie was shattered at the 
f sentence on Slade. 

Mr Sanders said he was 
' going to become a Catholic 
priest and was no longer 
- reaching. He did not believe 

My life is 

I Wl R1 lfl/r 

says failed 

. The manager of a foiled 
racnw syndicate has told pol- 
ice foal some of his clients 
have threatened to IriD him. 

Police are already in- 
vestigating the manager, Mr 
Paul Sutherland, who lost 
inure than £50,000 of his 
clients? money in less tlum six 
mo nths. 

Mr Sutherland’s short-lived 
Chepstow Bloodstock Agency 
limited was a new type of 
venture — the racing invest- 
ment, company. 

• . Shares , can be bought in 
such ^company, which ottos 
■and races horses, rather than 
in horses. themselvesAt the 
end of tire year dividends are 
paid, or, in some ernes, the 
whole company is dissolved 
and the proceeds split between 
the shareholders before the 
| company is reconstituted for 
\ the next racing season. 

Mir Sutherland, aged 42, 
from Caerieon in Gwtot, set 
up his company last April, 
proposing to race four horses. 
He. advertised shares in his 
syndicate at £450 each. Be- 
tween 100; and 200 people 
took tip his ofiex, although 
Gwent police fraud squad is 
stiff -trying to establish - the 
exact number. 

Mr Sutherland quickly ran 
into trouble. He was advised 
by the Jockey Gub' that he 
might have been in breach of 
the Companies Act by advert- 
ising shares. He had no win- 
ners. Clients who attempted to 

Drink-drive charge 

£500 fine for Minder 


The actor Dennis Water- 
man ms told yesterday that he 
could have faced a prison 
sentence after be arfn»Hted 
driving with Beady four times 
foe legal Bruit of alcohol in Ins 

Waterman, who plays the 
part of the reformed jailbird 
Teny McCann in the tele- 
vision series Mader, was told 
by Mrs Jean Sooke, foe 
magistrates’ chairman: “Yon 
realize that you may well have 
been anpriraned for this of- 
fence. A man m yonr position 
has a duty to behave in a 
proper manner.” 

The actor, aged 38, was 
fined £500 and banned from 
driving for three years when he 
appeared at GnQdford Mag- 
istrates’ Cost, Surrey. 

The court was teM foat foe^ 

cash in their shares, as they 
bad been promised they could, 
were not reimbursed and 
trainers were not paid. 

In September the Jockey 
Cub gave Mr Sutherland a 
fortnight to put his affairs in 
order and when he foiled to do 
so they cancelled his registra- 

Mr Sutherland said yes- 
terday: “I and my family are 
living in a constant state of 
terror. I’ve reported the; 
threats to the pobce mid they 
don't seem to be interested. 
The collapse was an honest 
business' failure. AH the ac- 
count books of the company 
are with the Fraud Sanaa. ” 



Mr Jnfimi Herbert, for foe 

proseation, said that n police 

patrol car crew saw a BMW 

Curb fans, 
police tell 
FA clubs 

The Police Federation yes- 
terday warned football dubs 
to.impose a ban on visiting j 
supporters or feto having their ; 
grounds dosed down. 

Ground safety certificates 
could be withdrawn on the 
basis that violent fens are 
being admitted to matches: 
without foe certificates, stadia 
J would have to shut, Mr Tony 
Judge, a federation spokes- 
man said. 

, Officer were “sick and 
tired” of being on the receiv- 
ing end of soccer thugs’ 
violence. _ 

The ultimatum came in the 
wake of running battles be- 
tween 200 Bradford City and 
Nottingham Forest supporters 
before and after the little- 
woods Cup tie, at Odsal 
Stadium, at Bradford, on 
Wednesday nigta- 
• A magistrate at Highbury, 
north London, yesterday 
urged Luton Town Football 
Gub to ban one of its support- 
ers after he was convicted of 
threatening behaviour, fined 
£100 and ordered to pay £60 

bring driven in an erratic 
manner on the M25 at 8L26pm 
on September 17. 

The car was weaving from 
the nearside bme on to the 
hard shoulder and back a gain. 
The officers smelt alcohol on 
Waterman’s breath when they 
stopped him. 

A breath test {Roved pos- 
itive and Waterman was token 
to foe pofice station at 
Leatherhead where he was 
found to be nearly four times 
over tbe legal timk. 

Mr Raymond Stargess, 
defending, told the court that 
Waterman had been visiting 
rid friends in a town where he 
had once lived and had several 
drinks with them. 

“He realized be should not 
drive so he lay down and had a 
sleep before he .finally set off 
in his car. He genuinely 
thought he had recovered.” 

Mr -Stargess said that 
Waterman’s charity work, 
which had already raised 
£2 mfllion, would have to stop. 
“It is one of those cases In 

which when one person suffers 
others wffl suffer too. He also 
has to drive wheat he's filming 
and most of his driving is done 
on public roads. There is my 
little film-set work,” he said. 

Mr Stmrgess said that 
Waterman had only one pre- 
vious driving conviction and 
that had beat many years ago. 

“In my submission it woald 
be wrong to imprison a man of 
his character for what Is more 
or less a first offence,” be said. 

Waterman refused to talk 
after the case. Hh manager, 
Mr Deke Arion, mM; “He is 
quite npseL He is aware of foe 
significance of this." 

’ Mr Arion that on foe 
day he was stumped Waterman 
had drunk four or five large 
brandies, a couple of pints of 
bear and had wine with his 

Mr Arion said Oat Water- 
man had feared that the 
magistrates might want to 
make an example of him in the 
ran-up to the Christmas drink- 
drive campaign. 

consideration of five compet- 
ingbids for foe right to launch 
a British television satellite. 
The IRA is expected to award 
the franchise before foe end of 
the year. 

The consortium, owned by 
Granada, Virgin, Pearson, An- 
glia Television and Amitrad 
Consumer Electronics, was 
already regarded by observers 
as a strong contender. 

In a report published this 
week by foe stockbrokers 
. James Capd, the consortium 
= was said to be foe favourite 
because of a “particularly 
attractive mix of program- 
: ming, consumer electronics 
manufacturing an d distribu- 
tion and marketing skills' 1 . 

The ITN announcement 
strengthens foe consortium's 
status as leader, by appearing 
to guarantee that the group 
could deliver its promise to 
provide a made-in-Britain 
news channel, which it calls 

The IBA, although it has 
said nothing officially about 
its preference, is said to put a 
high premium on a service 
that will provide informa- 
tional prog ramming as well as 

The consortium has prom- 
ised a three-channel service to 
indude feature films, light 
entertainment, children’s pro- 
grammes and news. 

The NOW channel would 
be controlled by foe con- 
sortium, its bid said, but the 
announcement yesterday said 
that ITN would retain edi- 
torial control over its contrib- 
utions to the channel. 

Two other groups said by 
Capel to be serious contenders 
for the franchise are DBS 
UK — including Carlton Co- 
mmunications, Saatchi & 
Saatchi and London Weekend 1 
Television — and Direct 
Broadcasting Ltd, induding 
Ferranti, News International- 
and Sears Holdings. 

Capd said that SaiUK 
Broadcasting, which is headed 
byLomttoand Bond Corpora- 
tion, and National Broadcast- 
ing Service — backed by Mr 
Robert Holmes £ Court, the 
Australian entrepreneur — is 
unlikely to be seriously 
considered by foe IBA because 
of its predominantly foreign 

Five share 
the daily 

Five readers share yester- 
day’s Portfolio Gold prize of 

Mrs Betty Keen, aged 60. a 

housewife from Weston-super- 
Mare in Avon, has played the 
Portfolio Gold gams since ft 
started In The Tunes. 

“It is a surprise,” she said. 
“But I am happy to have won.” 

When asked how she in- 
tended spending foe prize 
money, Mrs Keen said: “On 

things for the house. Ill invest 
what's left over.” 

Mr Joseph Hughes, aged 
33, a Civil Servant from 
Egham in Surrey, said he was 
“very pleased”. 

“When I checked my num- 
bers the first lime, I thought 
that there had been some 
mistake. Eke a printer's 
error,” he said. 

Mr Hughes said that some 
of his winnings would be spent 
on Christinas gifts and 
celebrations. “I'll put the rest 
away for a rainy day.” 

The other winners are Mr F 
Ha mil ton, from Helen's Bay 
in Northern Ireland; Mrs J 
Gee, of Belsize Park Gardens, 
north-west London; and Mrs 
Elizabeth Peyton, of Newton 
Longvflie, Milton Keynes. 

Readers who wish to play 
the game can obtain a Port- 
folio Gold card by sending a 
stamped addressed envelope 

Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, 

PO Box 40, 


BB1 6AJ. 

Salad days 

A computer-controlled 
mayonnaise factory claimed 
to be foe most modern in 
Europe and capable of produc- 
ing 100 tons a week, has been 
opened at a cost of £650,000 
by foe Geest food and veg- 
etable company at Spalding, 






* * 

W- ,'- x V-v 

9 ».><*♦ 

t 1 


tests ‘unworkable’ levels ‘set too low’ 

Screening travellers and im- 
migrants to Britain for traces 
of foe Aids virus would be of 
little use, according to Prof- 
essor Axie Zackeroan, of foe 
London -School of Hygiene 
and Tropical Medicine (Our 
Science - Correspondent 
writes). ■ 

The compulsory screening 
of the whole population for 
traces of Aids inwetioa would 
also be. “totally unworkable, 
impractical and undesirable,” 
be says, in tatnerrow’s issue of 

Professor Zuckennan 
writes; “The existence of an 
estimated 30,000 -40,000 in- 
fected. persons in Britain sug- 
gests that an additional 
contrfljutnon of a few infected 
foreigners is unffkrfy to be 

“Moreover, citizens of foe 
home country who travel and 
visit epidemic areas of HIV, 
for example San Francisco or 
Central Africa, may equally 
well bring the infection in.” - 
•’ntenutumal health regula- . 

lions do not provide for any 
certificate guaranteein g that a 

said. “No country bound fay 
the regulations may refuse 
entry into its territory to a 
perron who foils to provide a 
medical certificate storing that 
he "or she is not 'carrying the 
Aids virus.” 

AH' m em b er s of Parliament 
have beat sent a nine-point 
plaiLof action oA Aids by the 
Terrence' Higgins Trust, the 
leading charity providing 
information about the disease. 

Tbeplan calls for“ai least” 
£50 mCHoa to be spent on a 
public education campaign. 
The Government should 
make -it dear ii does noi 
mtend to introduce any form 
of compulsory testing for Aids 
infection, foe trust say& * 

The orist continues: "The 
Government should also in- 
stitute’ an ti-discri mina lio U 
measures - to. protect those' 
found tobe infected with HJV. 

A re-analysis of the risks 
from low doses of radiation by 
one . of the world’s leading 
cancer experts, Professor Sir 
Richard DoQ, of foe Imperial 
Cancer Research Fund, Lon- 
don, indicates that Safety lev- 
els set by the Inte rnational 
Commission of Radiological 
Protection are toq lqw.' 

After examining evidence 
gathered over the past 10 
years, he suggests that the risks 
on which safety Jevels are 
based have beat underesti- 
mated by a factor of twa 

He was presenting" some 
preliminary .findings to The 
Royal Society in London this 
month on tlu possibilities for 
prevention of cancer. He sug- 
gested that foe most immedr- 
ate. imjpact would come 
through modification of life- 

Sir Rkhazd said that studies 
he had undertaken have re- 
vealed that -.the .-risk "of 
contracting cancer from a 
certain dose of radiation is 
double the. • widdy-acoepted 

figme given by the Inter- 
national Commission on 
Radiological Protection. 

Professor Doll’s findings 
has implications for estimates 
of the number of deaths 
caused by nudear incidents, 
such as ChemobyL It also 
reaffirms concern about the 
cancer risk from nattirally- 
occuring radioactive radon 
gas locked in the air of homes 
built on granite. 

This “indoor air pollutant” 
is estimated by the National 
Radiological Protection Board 
to be linked. to about 500 
deaths a year in Britain 
through lung cancer. 

• Workers in the British 
nuclear industry are exposed 
on average to less ‘than one- 
tenth of the existing safety 
limits and foe industry is 
taking measures to reduce that 
exposure still further. Dr Mike 
Thome, the. British secretary 
of the' International Commis- 
sion of Radiological Protec- 
tion, said yesterday. 

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November 20 1986 


Adverts for BBC 

television are 

still on the cards 

Hindley not to 
get immunity, 
Hurd tells MPs 

The fee for a television licence is 
to slay at £38 for the next two 
years. Mr Douglas Hard, the 
Home Secrertary. told the Com- 
mons when he opened a debate 
on the Peacock Committee re- 
port on the financing of the 
BBC. But he made clear that the 
Government had not ruled out 
the idea of advertising on the 

He also made dear that 
legislation would be introduced 
to allow for the extension by 
three years of existing indepen- 
dent television company con- 
tracts. This would give the 
Government time to consider 
the report’s recommendation 
that future contracts should be 
put out to competitive tender. 
Mr Hard, referring in opening 
the debate to the recent ex- 
changes bet w een MrTebbit and 
the BBC about the corporation's 
coverage of the bombing of 
Libya, said that the BBC had a 
responsibility, in the licence and 
agreement, to refrain from 
broadcasting any material ex- 
pressing its opinion on current 
affairs or matters of public 
policy. It had also undertaken to 
treat controversial subjects with 
due impartiality. 

The Home Secretary had a 
number of powers, but it was 
clear that these were to be used 
only in an emergency or wholly 
exceptional circumstances. The 
Government had neither the 
power nor the wish to control 
the BBC s normal output 

It was entirely legitimate that 
any group or individual who felt 
that a broadcasting authority 
was falling below the standards 
set had an absolute right to say 

There was no reason why the 
chairman of the Conservative 
Party should be deprived of that 

There was no reason why 
private individuals or political 
parties shonld regard the output 
of broadcasters with dumb rev- 

It was not noticeable that 
broadcasters approached the 
output of politicians with any 
such reverence. Both learnt if 

commercial televison. there had 
been much grave shaking of 
heads warning that existing 
standards of excellence would 
not survive any disturbance of 
the status quo. 

But he could see no reason 
why broadcasting should not 
develop in such as way as to 
retain high standards supple- 
mented by greater diversity. 

The Government was not 
sure that the committee had got 
in right in recommending that 
BT and Mercury be prevented 
from offering cable television or 
interactive telecommunications 
services over those networks. It 
would consider the proposal in 

The recommendation of the 
committee Lhai pay television 
systems should be developed 
was one of the most important 
and far reaching recommenda- 
tions in the whole report. 

Were it to prove technically 
and economically feasible, the 
system could provide both a 
means of overcoming those 
undesirable aspects of the li- 
cence fee system and provide at 
the same lime a direct relalion- 

The option for carrying out 
that proposal, or any other 
changes, would be dosed for the 
next 10 years if the IBA were to 
proceed, under the existing leg- 
islation. to award the next round 
of ITV contracts effective from 

“So I discussed with the 
chairman of the IBA the means 
by which the proposed timetable 
can be amended, in order to 
ensure that the decisions we take 
on the committee's report on 
this point of the ITV contracts, 
can be incorporated in the next 
contract round", he said. 

As a result he had decided 
there should be early legislation 
to enable the IBA to extend 
existing contracts, provided the 
contractors agreed, by three 

* £ 

The Attorney General had de- 
cided not to grant immunity 
from further prosecution in the 
of Myra Hindley, Mr 
Douglas Hard, the Home Sec- 
retary. said when asked for an 
assurance that should there be 
evidence to suggest that she was 
involved in further murders she 
would not escape the con- 


S rears to allow adequate margin 
or decisions to be taken. A Bill 
for that purpose would be 
introduced in the House of 

Mr Gerald Kaufman, chief 
Opposition spokesman on 

home affairs, said that year by 
year steady dissatisfaction with 

6 High standards 
and diversity are 
compatible 9 

6 Emphasis on 
choice in tone with 
our philosophy 9 

they were wise, to defend them- 
selves vigorously but to watcb 
out for lessons which they could 
draw from the criticisms 
brought against them. 

If these principles were ac- 
cepted. the recent exchanges 
found their proper perspective. 

The committee’s emphasis on 
choice by the consumer was 
very much in tune with the 
Government’s general philos- 
ophy and with the broadcasting 
policy it bad pursued since 
taking office. 

The Government asked the 
IBA to advertise contracts for 
the new direct broadcasting 
from satellite (DBS) service 
which would provide three new 
national television channels. In 
response to that invitation a 
number of consortia had app- 
lied for a DBS contract and the 
IBA was aiming to make a 
selection before the end of the 

There seemed to be a reason- 
able prospect of progress being 
made and of a new British DBS 
service becoming available by 
the end of this decade. 

There was no reason why, as 
the broadcasting market ex- 
panded. there should be loss of 
the high quality at present 
provided by both the main 
broadcasters. Often when 

ship between the providers of 
television services and those 
who used them. 

The committee had commis- 
sioned research to provide an 
economic appraisal of options 
to subscription televison. 

The Government judged a 
more detailed study needed to 
be done on both the technical 
and economic questions and 
bad therefore commissioned 
consultants to carry out a fur- 
ther study, including the impact 
on the viewer, to be ready by the 

*T hope then to be in a better 
position to assess the potential 
for the possible role, feasibility 
and timescale of introducing 
subscription television in this 
country", he said. 

The idea of advertising rev- 
enue displacing the BBC licence 
fee had been rejected by the 
committee on grounds of eco- 
nomic principle and price elas- 
ticity of demand for advertising. 
It bad made out a powerful case 
and the onus rested with those 
who disagreed to disprove the 

“The Government has not yet 
made up its mind on this issue 
and I look forward to the 
arguments to be deployed in the 
debate today. They will be taken 
fully into account in the conclu- 
sion which the Government 
eventually reaches." 

Once a final decision had 
been taken on advertising, the 
Government would decide on 
the various recommendations 
by the committee for improving 
the licence fee arrangements in 
the short term. The main recom- 
mendation was that the fee 
should be indexed. 

Until then, the fee would 
remain at the £58 fixed in the 
spring of last year, for a two-year 

year steady dissatisfaction with 
the steady rise in the BBC 
television licence had led gov- 
ernments to be reluctant, or at 
any rate cautious, about agree- 
ing to applications for licence 
fee increases. 

As the committee included 
such free market zealots as 
Professor Peacock and the bi- 
zarre Mr SamuaJ Bntian, who 
appeared to have been the 
Rasputin of this whole dubious 
exercise, the report was one of 
the most intellectually impov- 
erished and ideologically exces- 
sive documents ever to come 
before the House. 

Before Peacock the Govern- 
ment had put forward modest 

sequences. _ 

Mr Timothy Yeo (South Suffolk. 
O had said there was great 
public concern about the appar- 
ent leniency of many sentences 
given to criminals convicted of 
violent offences such as child 
abuse, rape and other forms of 

He asked for an assuran ce 
that steps would be taken to 
ensure that sentences for such 
offences not only allayed public 
concern but gave the public (he 
protection they deserved. 

Mr Hard said Parliament’s job 
was to make sure that the 
maximum sentence was ade- 
quate. For example, the Gov- 
ernment had oven full support 
to the Sexual Offences Act. 

It was also important to make 
dear that those sentenced for 
this kind of crime should serve 
long sentences. The Govern- 
ment had put forward a pro- 
posal in the Criminal Justice Bill 
to enable the Attorney General 
to refer to the Court of Appeal 
any Grown court case where the 
sentence appeared to err on the 
side of leniency. 

Mr Norman Atkinson (Totten- 
ham, Lab): Will he also call fora 
report where judges are seen to 

Mr Kenneth Hind (Wes: Lan- 
cashire, CL Would he resist the 
temptation in dealing with 
sentencing policy :o introduce 
any statute of limitations in 
relation to trial for offences 
committed a long time in the 

In particular, will he assure 
ie House and particularly the 

people of Lancashire that should 
there be evidence to suggest that 
Miss Myra Hindley is involved 
in two further murders she win 
not escape the consequences of 
her dastardly acts? 

be sentencing young people with 
absolute savagery for political 


At the Old Bailey in recent 
weeks people aged 18 and 19 
were sentenced to seven and 

Mr Hsreb Immunity from 
prosecution is a matter for the 
Attorney General. I understand 
that in this case he has decided 
not to grant immunity. 

The Speaker re j ec t ed a request 
for an emergency debate on the 
implications for prosecution 
and parole in the Moors murder 

Mr Geoffrey Dickens (Little- 
borough and Saddleworth, Ci. 
who made the application, said 
that there should be no parole 
consideration for Myra Hindley 
in return for information given 
by her on other matters. 

A debate would provide MPs 
with an opportunity to express 
public opinion. 

objectives, including a network 
of cable TV. There was to be a 
DBS consortium to expand 
programme choice and a net- 
work of community radio sta- 

That entire strategy had col- 
lapsed. Cable had failed to make 
any real progress, as he had 

Amid laughter, Mr Kaufman 
remarked that at a time when 
the Government was deeply 
exercised about alleged left-wing 
bias on television, tbe cable 
company in Enfield had started 
offering its subscribers pro- 
grammes from the main channel 
of Soviet TV, relayed direct 
from Moscow. 

“It is a great relief to know 
that as an alternative to the 
BBCs Marxism, the lucky res- 

Kinnock challenge 
on spies book 

Whitehall I New information 

6 Entire cable 
strategy has 
collapsed 9 

idents of . Enfield have now 
available direct news of the 
Thatcherite policies adopted by 
the right-wing Soviet Gov- 
ernment”, he added to renewed 


Giving free television licences 
to pensioners on supplementary 
benefit was on the right lines. 
But it did not go far enough. 
Labour was committed to phas- 
ing out completely television 
licences for retired pensioners. 

If the selling off of Radio One 
and Two were achieved, the 
effect on independent local ra- 
dio would be crippling if not, in 
many cases, faiaL 
Under the Peacock proposals, 
the ITV and ILR franchises 
would be auctioned off to the 
hiehesi bidder. Commercial 
objectives would reign supreme. 

Cable would be sold off to the 
highest bidder and the re- 
striction of non-BBC ownership 
would be removed. It would 
lead to the “Murdochization" of 
the British electronic media. 

period with a possible extension 
for a further year. 

“Since the main questions 
raised by the Peacock report 
have yet to be resolved. I have 
decided that the present seitie- 
meni should run for the foil 
three years. I can therefore tell 
the House that the licence fee 
will remain at £58 for the period 
from April 1987 to April 1988. 
that is the third year of the 

Another significant recom- 
mendation had been that ITV 
contracts should be put out to 
competitive tender. 

changes had been suggested, 
such as the introduction of 

Mr Neil Kinnock, Leader of the 
Opposition, challenged the 
Prime Minister to say why, in 
1981, she accepted the decision 
of the Attorney General not to 
seek an injunction to prevent 
publication of Mr Chapman 
Fincher’s book about MIS 
which was obviously prejudicial 
to national security. 

There were protests and 
interruptions from the Labour 
benches when Mrs Thatcher 
declined to answer because of 
the proceedings in the Supreme 
‘Court of New South Wales 
where the Government is seek- 
ing to stop publication of a book 
by Mr Peter Wright, a former 
member of MI5. 

Mr Kinnock had said that in the 
Australian ctourt Sir Robert 
Armstrong, the Secretary of the 
Cabinet had testified that offi- 
cers of the Crown had photo- 
copies of Mr Pincher’s book 
several weeks before it was 
published in 1981. 

Sir Robert had said in court 
“Of course, the book contains a 
substantial amount of informa- 
tion from former officers of 
MI 5” and that this information 
could “certainly prejudice na- 
tional security, including cur- 
rent and future operations." 

Mr Kinnock said that Sir 
Robert had further testified that 
the decision of the Attorney 
Genera] in 1981 was that there 
was “no basis on which an 
injunction could be launched to 
prevent the publication of Mr 
Fincher's book". 

"It is obvious that any Gov- 
ernment which bad fore- 
knowledge that information 
prejudicial to national security 
was to be published would have 
absolutely no difficulty in 


last longer 

on pub bombings 

obtaining an injunction against 
that publication." Why had Mrs 

Thatcher accepted the Attorney 
General's decision? 

Mrs Thatcher replied: "Pro- 
ceedings continue in the Su- 
preme Court of New South 
Wales. Particularly since the 
Government is the plaintiff in 
that case it would be inappro- 
priate for me to comment, or on 
matters in issue in the proceed- 
ings so long as these continue." 

She added that some of these 
matters might be relevant to the , 
proceedings in court. 

On some previous books, 
there were questions on the 
order paper for written answer 
by the Attorney General. He 
would answer m his own way. 
Mr Khmnrir then sought an 
undertaking that the Prime 
Minister would make a full and 
detailed statement about the 
additional information which 
had become available as a result 
of Sir Robert’s testimony. 

Meanwhile, would the Prime 
Minister say why, when these 
considerations affected Mr 
Wright's case, they did not 
appear to affect the case of Mr 
Pincber and, in another respect, 
did not affect, either, the case of 
Mr Nigel West, who also wrote a 
book about spies, in 1982. 

Could not the Prime Minister 
explain, even now, the huge 
inconsistencies in the Gov- 
ernment's approach to these 
three cases? 

Mrs Thatcher: “No. I am 
standing by the answer I have 
just given. 

"When the case is over we will 
consider carefully any questions 
put to us in the light of the usual 
customs and conventions." 

Doors dosed, page 13 

Writing more words with the 
same pencil, finding cheaper 
ways of buying the same goods, 
and other more sophisticated 
ways of getting better value for 
money has produced what the 
Treasury calls “value for money 
improvements" of about 
£70 million in the last financial 
year, and a target of another 
£100 million this year. 

But Mr Michael Willacy, 
Director of the Central Unit on 
Purchasing, believes that ‘ the 
Government machine provides 
room for further big improve- 
ments of a like kind. 

In a written reply, Mr John 
MacGregor, Chief Secretary to 
the Treasury, said that the unit 
was working with departments 
to install basic information 

"Some departments have al- 
ready taken positive steps in this 
direction. However further sig- 
nificant progress is needed if 
departments are to be able fully 
to implement government pur- 
chasing policies," he said. 

‘TeU Sid’ to 

hold prices 

The Prime Minister was urged 
during question time to “tell 
Sid” not to increase gas prices 
further after privatization of the 

industry. Miss Betty Boothroyd 
(West Bromwich West, Lab) 
said that the price of gas 
supplied to British manufac- 
turers was far in excess of that 

paid by European competitors. 
Mrs Thatcher said that the 

Mrs Thatcher said that the 
record of the Government on 
fuel prices was far better than 
that of the previous Gov- 

Fresh information bad been 
forthcoming during the ex- 
amination by the Home Sec- 
retary, Mr Douglas Hurd, of tbe 
circumstances surrounding tbe 
Birmingham public house 
bombing for which six men had 
bees convicted. Mr David 
MeUor, Minister of Stale, Home 
Office, said during Commons 
question time. 

Tbe subject had been raised 
by Miss Clare Short (Bir- 
mingham, Ladywood. Lab) 
when she asked when the Home 
Office Gist became aware that 
Dr Frank Skuse's records were 
not sufficiently dear to establish 
the precise formula used in the 
Greiss test he conducted on tbe 
six men who were later con- 
victed of the bomb in g. 

Mr MeUor: Following the 
World in Action programme bn 
October 28, 1985, the Controller 
of the Forensic Science Service 
initiated a study to reassess the 
evidential value of the Griess 
test. When the relevant case 
notes were examined in Novem- 
ber 1985, it was found they were 
not sufficiently clear. 

Miss Short: Can he tell us 
whether this in any way explains 
the inordinate delay by the 
Home Office in coming to a 
conclusion as to whether there 
should be a further inquiry into 
this case? There is growing 
concern throughout the country 
that six men have been locked 
up for 12 years and were not 
guilty of the offence. 

Mr MdloR I cannot agree. It is 
right that matters as serious as 
this should be subject to thor- 
ough investigation and con- 

It may interest her to know 
that some further points have 
only emerged this month in tbe 
form of a final letter from Mr 
Muffin, author of one of the 

books on the bombing and. on 
November 10, a letter from the 
West Midlands Constabulary 
dealing with this investigation. 

We shall announce the out- 
come of our deliberations as 
soon as possible. I find is 
astonishing that as a Bir- 
mingham MP she states these 
men are not guilty. She is fully 
entitled to say ibe matter shou id 
be looked at. but for her to rush 
into judgement in that way 
seems to be shockingly one- 
sided. I am astonished she could 
get away with it in that city. 

Mr Terence Dan's (Bir- 
mingham, Hodge Hill. Lab): it 
is not a case of rushing into 
judgement and deciding people 
are guilty or not. We need an 
inquiry' to settle this matter. 
Many people are concerned and 
it is a matter of basic human 

Mr Mellon The Home Sec- 
retary is considering whether to 
use the powers given to him by 
Parliament to refer matters ot 
the Court of Appeal and that 
requires fresh evidence. The 
question of whether there is 
going to be fresh evidence is 
being considered carefully. 

As another Birmingham MP l 
would have thought his constit- 
uents would have warned bal- 
ance in this consideration. 

Mr Gerald Kaufman, chief 
Opposition spokesman on 
home affairs: If there has been a 
miscarriage of justice the Gov- 
ernment ought to be taking a 
very different attitude, because 
if these convictions are unsound 
then not only have people been 
wrongly imprisoned, but dan- 
gerous criminals are still at 

Mr Mellor: It is not for the 
Govern emnt to say whether 
these men were guilty or inno-~ 

Policy lurch ‘aimed at election’ 

The following is a summary of 
yesterday's resumed debate in 
the Commons on the Queen’s 

The larch in policy far which the 
Chancellor of the Exchequer 
now claimed credit was not 
intended to promote the best 
interests of the country but to 
farther the interests of the 
Conservative Part; and Conser- 
vative MPs in marginal seats in 
a general election, Mr Roy 
Hattersley, chief Opposition 
spokesman on Treasury and 
economic affairs said. 

Opening the resinned debate, 
■he said that the policy lurch 
would fall in its squalid objec- 
tive. But there was no doubt 
about tbe purpose of Mr 
Lawson's swerve. 

“It is a pretence which can 
only be sustained for a few 
months, a pretence which is only 
intended to last for a few 
months. The pretence is that the 
Government has suddenly de- 
veloped a compassionate con- 
cern for housing, health and 

In the words of The Spectator , 
the temple of Conservative rec- 
titude. the Conservative Party 
now offered a collection of 
economic policies which might 
have fallen off the hack of a 

The Chancellor had become 
the Arthur Daly of British 
politics, and the cm price sale of 
Britain's national capital assets 
was the most disreputable of all 
his nice little ‘earners*. 

Mr Hattersley, who was moving 
an amendment regretting the 
economic policies in the Queen's 
Speech, continued with a general 
attack on the Government's 
handling of the economy. 

Mr Nigel Lawson. Chancellor of 
tbe Exchequer, said that the 
Opposition had not deviated 
from the failed nostrums of tbe 
past. Mr Hattersley bad re- 
vealed himself to be apprehen- 
sive of the forthcoming general 
election. “He is a very very 
worried man." 

He criticized the record of 
Labour administrations and 
spoke optimistically about the 
future of the economy. 


A boot the only area of eco- 
nomic policy where there was a 
measure of unity and clarity 
from the Opposition, Mr 
Lawson said, was public spend- 
ing — they all wanted as much of 
that as they could get. The total 
cost of Labour’s irresponsible 
pledges was rising all the tune. 

He had costed- five new 
pledges made at Blackpool. 

A winter heating premium 
won Id cost nearly £200 mflUon; 
a higher Christmas boons for 
pensioners another £100 mO- 
liom the abolition of standing 
charges for pensioners, 
£550 million: new policies on 
energy, at least £360 million; 
and the latest pension increase 
promised by Mr Michael 
Meacher, £8 billion a year. All 
in alL that meant yet farther 
spending commitments of £9 bil- 
lion a year. 

The Government had fostered 
the conditions in which a million 
jobs had been created daring the 
lifetime of this Parliament. 

The Opposition said Govern- 
ment policies brought no hope to 
the unemployed, hot what could 
bring more nope than the know- 
ledge that more jobs were being 
created, week in, week out? Tbe 
latest figures suggested there 
was now a downward trend in 

So the Government had 
achieved a combination of low 
inflation, sustained growth and 
rising employment by tbe 
consistent pursuit of an eco- 
nomic strategy based on a firm 
monetary and fiscal policy. 

Short-term interest rates were 
the key instrument of monetary 
policy and they would continue 
to be kept at whatever level was 
necessary to secure monetary 
conditions that bore down on 

He ctmld also point to a record 
of consistency on fiscal policy, 
baring stock firmly to the path 
napped out m the medium-term 
financial strategy. Yesterday's 
figures confirmed that this 
year’s PSBR was well on track. 

To make share ownership 
simpler and more attractive, be 
had annoanced in the Badge! the 
new Personal Equity Plans 
(PEPS) under, which capital 
gains and re-invested dividends 
would be free of tax. It was now 
dear that this scheme was set to 
be a great success. 

He could announce today that 
the Inland Revenue had already 
received more than 100 applica- 
tions from firms which wanted to 
ran PEPs. among them each of 
the big four d earing banks and 
more than 30 firms of stock- 

5k- Wm: • 

Mr Heath: Tragedy of a 
divided country. 

brokers. He was laying tbe draft 
regulations for tbe scheme be- 
fore the House today so that, 
subject to approval, it could 
begin on January I. 

Dr David Owen, Leader of the 
SDP, said that the question for 
tbe House was how irrelevant 
the Queen's Speech, and much 
of what Mr Lawson had said, 
was to poverty, unemployment, 
falling standards in health and 
social services and the appalling 
state of much of Britain’s manu- 
facturing industry. 

Britain was faring the pros- 
pect of an economic crisis after 
the election. 

There was a serious im- 
balance in the economy. In the 
short term, it was out of gear. 
Tbe earlier corrective action was 

taken, the easier it would be to 
avoid crisis. 

Mr Edward Heath (Old Bexley 
. and Sid cup, C) said he was 
delighted that unemployment 
had fallen by the largest amount 
for 13 years. But the tragedy of 
this country was that part of it 
was having a boom while, the rest 
of it was running down. 

It was very difficult to tell 
those in the North that they just 
had to get down to the South. In 
tbe present economic conditions, 
there was nobody to whom they 
could sell their homes or hand 
over their mortgages. 

"1 welcome the expansion 
which the Chancellor has an- 
nounced In expenditure. Some of 
ns have urged it for a long time. 
It is not going to have as much 
effect as many of ns would like. 

“He will still have to make the 
decision as to whether be s ho aid 
go for reducing taxation or for 
better expenditure on other 
things. I hope he will not go for 

Housing was the key to labour 
mobility. At the moment bousing 
was more in a rot than ever 
before. It was right to encourage 
people to have private houses 
but there would always be some 
who required local authority 
housing. That was where the 
Government was not providing 
the answer to labour mobility. 
Mr Peter Shore, chief Op- 
position spokesman on House of 
Commons affairs, said that un- 
happily for Britain the past 
seven years had not just been a 
story of an intellectually ar- 
rogant Chancellor who got the 
theory and practice of macro- 
economics wrong. It was also a 
story of seven years of havoc, 
destruction and misery. 

The Opposition amendment 
was rejected by 354 votes to 206 
— Government majority 148, and 
an Alliance amendment stating 
that the Queen's Speech was 
irrelevant to the country’s press- 

to Iran 

Peers fear for their estates 

By Sheila Gunn, Political Staff 


Mrs Margaret Thatcher was 
challenged to justify the “persis- 
tent supply" of military equip- 
ment from this country to Iran 
since she had been in office by 
Dr David Owen, Leader of the 

The Family Law Reform 
Bill which removes the 
remaining disadvantages from 
illegitimate children, has ra- 
ised fears that it could lead to 
the illegitimate offspring of 
peers trying to succeed to their 

marylebone, has emphasized 
that it is not the intention of 
the new Bill to alter the 
descent of titles "of honour 
and the Crown", it may opea 
the way to large estates being 
broken up in inheritance 

they are “lawfully begotten", 
will still be valid. It is likely to 

will still be valid. It is likely to 
be disputed in the Lords, 
which is due to give the Bill a 
second reading next Thurs- 
day, that it merely replaces the 
word "illegitimate" with “un-- 

SDP, during question time. 

"In view of her derision not to 
do anything to prolong or 
exacerbate the tam-Iraq con- 

flict, how does she justify the 
sate of spare pans of Chieftain 
tanks and Scorpion armoured 
cars used on the front and sold 
in 1985?" he asked. 

Mrs Thatcher said tbe policy 
had been set out by tbe Foreign 
Secretary on October 29 1985. 
“There were some contracts 
which were placed and paid for 
during the time of the Shah. 
Some of these things, in very 
small quantities, have been sent. 
Others remain in this country." 

Lord Sudeley, an hereditary 
peer who can trace his an- 
cestry back to Edward the 
Confessor, is pursuing the 
issue which strikes at the heart 
of the House of Lords, where 
more than 700 of its members 
succeeded to their titles. 

The Bill is designed to do 
away as far as possible with 
the need to describe children 
as “illegitimate". It will put 
those bom out of wedlock 

lawfully begotten". 

Lord- Sudeley, who de- 
scribes his recreation in Who's. 
Who as “ancestor worship", 
has put down questions to the 
Lord Chancellor to clarify the 
legal position of illegitimate 
heirs. Either the Bill merely 
changed the words used to 
describe children bom out of 
wedlock or it altered the 
succession rights, he said. 

generally on the same legal 
footing as legitimate children. 

Although the Lord Chan- 
cellor, Lord Haflsham of St 

But the Crown Office rules, 
1927, which state that titles 
descend to children provided 

Alliance broadcast 

next week 

Steel and Owen unity show 

The main business in the House 
of Commons next week win be: 
Monday: Petroleum Bill, second 
reading. Debate on European 
Community budgets for 1986 
and 1987. 

Tuesday: Coal Industry Bill, 
second reading. 

Alliance leaders are to 
appear on television next 
week in an attempt to exorcize 
the ghost of the Eastbourne 
defence debacle and to 
emphasize their new-found 
unity over the key election 

An SDP party political 

By Nicholas Wood, Political Reporter 

Wednesday: Debates on Op- 
position motions on bus de- 
regulation and on J. EL Hanger 
and Co. 

Thursday: Criminal Justice Bill, 
second reading. 

Friday: Banking Bill, second 

The main business in the 
House if Lords, will be: 
Tuesday: Pilotage Biff, second 

Wed n esday: Debates on the am 
and on academic medicine. 
Thursday: Family Law Reform 
Bill, second reading. 

programme to upgrade it via 

Alliance election strategists 
have ruled out either a special 
assembly of the liberal Party 
or a joint convention of 
parliamentary candidates as a 
platform for repairing the 
damage done by the con- 

ing needs was rejected by 352 to 
26 — Government majority, 326. 
The motion thanking the Queen 
for her Speech from the Throne 
was carried by 350 votes to 205 
- Government majority, 145. 

- a -J «vmv u* UIV WIT 

broadcast next Wednesday ference vote which repudiated 
^1! David Steel the two leaders' quest for a 

and Dr David Owen telling 
the country that their two 
parties have buried their dif- 

minimum European deter- 

They consider that such a 

fcrenc« over the future of potentially risky course is now 
Britain’s independent nuclear unnecessary after endorse- 

deterrem and are now firmly 
committed to maintaining 
and. if necessary, replacing 

They will also assert that, on 
the basis of opinion poll 
evidence, the electorate sup- 

ment of the nuclear option by 
the Libera) parliamentary 
party, the policy committee 
and the national executive. 

Mr Charles Kennedy, SDP 
MP for Ross, Cromarty and 
Skye and a former BBC radio 

Parliament today 

ports the Alliance policy of reporter, win act as “anchor 
keeping the existing nuclear man” for tbe broadcast, which 

conference in which he de-. 
nounced the non-nuclear vote 
as a “breath-taking mis-, 

After Eastbourne the Alli- 
ance poll rating fell as low as 
17 per cent, although it has 
since begun a slow recovery, 
reaching 22 per cent in the 
latest Gallup survey for the 
Daily Telegraph. 

Dr Owen is known to regard 
the highly publicized defence 
split as a disaster for the 
Alliance and is now intent on 
gaining the maximum media 
exposure for the moves to heal 

Yesterday. Mr John Cart- 
wright, the SDP defence 
spokesman, said the Alliance 
is now more united over ; 
defence than at any other time 

Commons (9. 30): Debate on 

capacity, in marked contrast 
to the Labour commitment to 
scrap it or the Conservative 

is likely to exclude an extract 
from Mr Steel's defiant speech 
at the end or the Eastbourne 

in its history. By embracing 
Polaris the Liberal Party bad 
made a “dramatic departure” 
from its policy of the past 25 

■li 1^ l ft 

■ * 

eight years imprisonment for 
throwing stones during in- 
cidents in my constituency. Will 
he uy to discourage judges 
reacting to press reports and 
pressure for long sentences? 

Mr Hurdb No. It would be 
wrong for rac to take ihai 

• • —**.<?:• 

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Local government finance 

seriously flawed and 



Government legislation , in-* 
troduced in 1981 to control . 
inhe capital expeaditnre of 
local authorities nasprovcd to 

i be “seriously flawed?, a senior 

ii Commons select committee 
"concluded yesterday. 

la a highly critical report, 
the Public Accounts Gommit- 
—tee claimed that the legislation 
’-bad not only “signally filled” 
to control such expenditure, 

-■ but had also had “adverse 
’.'effects" on the performance of 
-local authorities. 

Z‘ It welcomed government 
jnoves to devise alternative. 
> means of control, but said that 
these barest command the 

- confidence of the local auth- 
-'orities"; should define the 
-Government's objectives 
vHnuch -more dearly, and once 

determined “should be im- 
plemented as speedily as pos- 

_ The report was immediately 
" j welcomed by local authority 

- associations. The Association 
of District Councils described 
it as “grand stuff", which 
confirmed its views, and 

t -would strengthen its hand in 
-negotiations with the Govern* 
■“meat.. • 

The report notes that in the 
two years following fbelegisla- 
■'tion focal authorities under- 
; spent their provision by 
"around £500 minion, and in 
^lhe two years after that over- 
spent by even mom 
v “The new statutory arrange- 
ments have thus signally 

By Martin Fletcher, Pofitiori Reporter 

fitted to. -bring the aggregate 
net costal expenditure by 
focal authorities under eff- 
ective control" 

It also , notes that govern- 
ment forecasts of focal auth- 
ority net capital pending have 
been 'wildly out, and says that 
since these forecasts ^fcim the 
basis for the Government's 
plans and - policies for the 
firflowing year, we are con- 
cerned that they should con- 
tinue to show such wide 
margins of error**. 

Turning to the Govern- 
ment’s . objectives, the 
committee expresses co n cern 
that it has been attempting to 
control expenditure and re- 
duce the public sector role by 
encouraging the sale of assets 
at the expense of its other 

stated aims — (tw mairliwig nf 

resources to needs and the 
promotion of cost effect- 

It trusts that the Govern- 
ment **wi0 now seek to redress 
the balance", and will in 
future legislation “seek to 
ma xi mize the ratcTiing be- 
tween resources and . needs 
rather than compromise it". 

The report notes the almost 
unlimited power enjoyed by 
local authorities to switch 
money allocated by govern- 
ment for one purpose to other 
uses and. stales: “We fail to 
understand why foe Govern- 
ment should continue to go to 
such lengths in the prepara- 

tion of detailed spending pro- 
grammes which it 1 docs not 
seek to have implemented” . 

It also notes that because 
focal authorities have this 
power, and became their re- 
sources are finite; they have 

been unwilling to grre priority 

to maintenance of roads, 

schools and boosing stock. _ 

Finally, it observes that in 
practice the legislation had 
proved so'comptex that some 
authorities- amply did not 
P ffdfttvfond it, while' otters 
had exploited the complexity 
by sneh. “abuses of controls” 
■ as 'advance and deferred pur- 
chase schemes. -- 

The Government- has ack- 
nowledged die weaknesses of 
the pr ese nt legislation, and 
published a green paper 
outlining two . possible alter- 
natives — control through the 
imposition of external borr- 
owing limits and control of 
gross capital spending rather 
than spending net of in-year 
capital receipts. 

However, focal authority 
associations have welcomed 
neither, suggesting instead ei- 
ther the complete abandon- 
ment of controls over ex- 
penditure and borrowing or 
control over borrowi n g for 
capital purposes only. 

Control of Local Authorities' 
Capital Expenditure. Fifty-first 
report if the Committee dj 
Public Accounts, Session 1985- 
86 (Stationery Office, £5.10). 

: .. - ’ '' 


xr . 

Mrs Mopp fulfils her 
dream to be ‘mayor’ 

Ilea prepared for 
court battle 
over County Hall 

The Inner London Educa- 
tion Authority is to fight to 
stay at County HaH (Our 
Education Reporter writes). 

It gave notice yesterday of 
its intention to take the Gov- 
ernment to the High Court if it 
is not allowed to remain in the 
former headquarters of the 
Greater London Council . 

The Ilea has been given 
formal notice to vacate the 
premises by March 31, 1988, 
by the London Residuary 
Body, set up by the Govern- 
ment to dispose of the GLCs 
assets after it was abolished. 

Mis Frances Morrell, the 
Oea leader, said yesterday that 
the authority was prepared, if 
neoessaiy, to go over the 
residuary body’s head to foe 
Government, and if that filled 
to try to raise the finance and 
buy the property, valued at 
£55 million. 

However, she said that if the 
Government refused to re- 
consider its position, “we will 

have no alternative but to seek 
to quash their decision 
through foe courts". 

The fiea employs about 

64.000 people, 3,000 of whom 
work in County Hal! now. It is 
responsible for more than 

1.000 primary and secondary 
schools, 19 adult education 
institutes and five community 
education centres. 

Knight, Frank and Ruiley, 
the property consultants, have 
informed Mrs Morrell that tire 
costs of transferring to other 
comparable quarters could be 
as much as £236 million. 

Moreover, it is thought that 
the removal of computer 
equipment would have reloca- 
tion a time-consuming and 
troublesome operation. 

Mr Philip Fenwick Elliot, 
for the consonants, said last 
night that no alternative office 
space was readily available 
and that none could be con- 
verted in time to meet the 
March 1988 deadline. . 

Police ‘hired to kill Gandhi’ 

A mired cleaner dished 
Into foe mayoral chair at 
Lewisham Town Hall yes- 
today and held a mock council 
i nertiuE while foe real mayor, 
Mb’ Norman Smith, donned a 
pinafore and got on with foe 
desiring (Kenneth Gosling 

The role reversal came after 
Mrs Daisy Wfitiamson, aged 
75, wrote a poem expressing a 
long-held ambition to become 
mayor of ber home borough in 
south-east London- . 

■' After a drive in the mayoral 
timoasme, Mrs Wflfiamson, a 

widow and „ 

of King Alfred Avenue os foe 
Bellingham Estate, said: *Tve 
enjoyed it so much I would like 
to be Lord Mayor of London 
next with his g(dd coach." 

Mr Smith had nothing but 
praise for his t empor ary dep- 
uty. «Ws hard work this," he 
said, as he cleaned on his 
hands and knees. “But it’s 
worth it to make Daisy’s day. 
She's had a straggle all ber life 
so it’s time she had a day of 


(Photograph: John Rogers) 

A man from Leicester said 
to be the ringleader of a gang 
of Sikhs that allegedly plotted 
to kill Mr Rajiv Gandhi, the 
Indian Prime Minister, told 
Birmingham Crown Court 
yesterday he was trying only to 
settle a bad debt. 

Mr Jamail Singh Rannana, 
aged 46, a company director of 
Cannon Street, Leicester, said 
a friend had told him that he 
could contact members of the 
IRA who would be able to 
recover his money for a 10 per 
cent fee: 

Mr Ranuana claimed that 
his former business partner 
had cheated him out. of 
£300,000. He wanted to re- 
cover the money and so he 
had agreed to his friend’s 

“I agreed with them getting 
the money but I didn’t want 
my partner harmed,” he told 
the court 

But Mr Rannana’s friend 
was a police informer and the 
two ^contract killers” were 
undercover detectives. 

Their talks with Mr Ran- 

nana and his two co-defen- 
dants were taped and the 
officers, not identified for 
security reasons, told the court 
they were hired to kill Mr 

Mr Ranuana, Mr Sok- 
hvinder Singh Gill, aged 30, of 
Worthington Street, Leicester 
and Mr Parmatma Singh 
Marwaha, aged 44, of 
Kedleston Road, Leicester, 
have denied conspiring to 
commit murder and soliciting 
others to commit murder. 

The trial continues. 

with ter- fathers shotgun in a 

gaine that went tr agi rall y 

wrong, a' coroner said yes- 
terday. ■ 

Mr Michael Baker, foe coro- 
ner for East Hampshire, re- 
corded a verdict of misadven- 
ture at an inquest on Barbara 
Martin, of Burridge Road, 
Burridge, near Southampton. 

He said that although foe 
shotgun wounds which laOed 
tiie girl were setfinflided, he 
was satisfied she had not 
intended to commit suicide. 

71te4Gad gafs parents, Mr 
and Mrs Rex Martin, de- 
scribed how they found their 
daughter’s body with' a .shot- 
gun wound through, her chest. 

She had creptinto; their 
room, and taken ber father's 
gun from the wardrobe, 
loaded it and then placed the 
barrel against her (test and 
pressed foe trigger with her 

Problems Girl shot 
of car herself 
tax cases in game 

The “derisory” lervd of fines 
imposed bn car tax dodgers, 
which were condemned by a 
-Commons Select Committee 
-on Wednesday, were yes- 
■ lerday explained by a senior 
chief clerk at a London court 
; Mr A L Gooch, senior chief 
clerk at Highbury Corner 
Magistrates* Court, said his 
court dealt with about 50 car 
tax cases a week and was 
forced into imposing rel- 
atively low fines. 

• He saifo “Without knowing 
the total pressure of work on 
foe prosecuting authority, one 
says with regret 1 that, many 
cases are rather ofti before they 
are brought to couit in foe first 
place, and the fines for these 
matters, once . imposed, are 
difficult to collect in any 

“That is because foe offence 
itself consists of refusal or 
inability to pay the tax doe 
and foe determination not to 
pay foe road tax merely 
becomes a determination not 
to pay foe fine as well 

“The court seeks to enforce 
fines and back duty by all 
effective means, including the 
iasite of distress warrants. We^ 
even levy distress on the* 
vehicles themselves, where 
they can be traced and are still 
owned by foe defaulter, but 
the nature of foe offence, foe 
nature of the offender, the 
technicalities of serving sum- 
monses, together with foe 
initial delay all combine to 
make the fines . hard to 

“That is not a reason for foe 
court negjecting in any way its 
fimetion to impose penalties 
lo secure compliance with foe 
law; on foe contrary these 
matters are regarded seriously, 
but experience has shown ifoat 
huge fines are too often 

“The usual penalty at tins 
court for the average care 
involving a private car is £50 

and £15 costs, together wifo an 

order to pay all foe outstand- 
ing read tax." Road- tax is 
£100 a year. 

- W« - ; 

right loe. , . 

Mr Martin, a North Sea ofl 
worker; aged 47, said that on 
foe day Barbara died - Octo- 
ber I r she did not go to 
school . . 

“Suddenly 1 heard a bang 
and rushed upstates to find 
Barbara lying on her back, my 
gun at her ode,” Mr Martin 
said. ... 

“She and her ten-year-old 
brother, Stephen, had been 
repeatedly warned never to 
touch foe gun." 

Barbara’s mother. Mrs Mar- 
garet Martin, a former nurse, 
told the inquest “She was a 
happy girt with a 'vety vivid 
imaginati on. She liked caring 
for old people and was a girl 

“I believe she died ac- 
cidently after getting involved 
in one of her dramas and 
getting carried away.” 

Recording his verdict, the 
coroner said: “I cannot accept, 
in view of the evidence, that 
the gun went off accidently. 

“But foe evidence is that foe 
was a happy, cheerful, outgo- 
ing gjri with a lot to live for. 

Afterwards, Mr Martin said: 
“I want the gun destroyed 1 
never want to see it again." 


V *<■ '< • 

Football club tire 
inquiry ‘stopped’ 

A safety inspector was told 
by the Health and Safety 
Executive to stop investiga- 
tions into the fire at Bradford 
City Football Club, the High 

Court sitting at Leeds was told 


The order was disclosed in 
letters produced by foe Health 
and Safety Executive. 

Mr Edwin Glasgow, for 
Bradford City PC, said it had 

Letters produced by the 
executive foowed that meet- 
ings had taken place between 
the fire authority and safety 
experts. But this was not 
brought up at the inquiry. . 

Mbs Leighton agreed that 
she had heard Mr Laird -say 
that inspection ratings put 
before Mr Justice Popplewdl 
were prepared “to dear the 
books”, and that documents 

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crime raises 
concern over 
child abuse 

A high proportion of sexual 
crime is committed against 
children, according to the 
annual criminal statistics for 
England and Wales published 
yesterday. The figures wffl add 
to mounting concent about 
abuse of children. 

A survey of information 
held by 18 police forces es- 
timates that 24.9 per cent of 
recorded buggery and in- 
decent assaults on males were 
on boys up to nine years old, 
and a further 36.7 per cent on 
boys aged 10 to IS. 

The peak years for indecent 
assault on girls are I0-1S (2&2 
per cent) and 12.1 per cent 
were against girls aged nine or 

No less than 20.8 per cent of 
rapes recorded were against 
girls aged 13 or under. 

This week, Mr Douglas 
Hogg, Partiamentary Under 
Secretary at the Home Office, 
said: ‘‘Child abuse is wicked 
and shameful. It Is a blot on 
our society and a stain on our 
national character." 

Mr Hogg was' speaking as 

chairman nf the standing 

ference on crime prevention, 
which in the next 12 months 
will concentrate on young 
people and crime. One of its 
working groups win consider 
child abuse. 

The police figures are for 
1 984 and also show that males 
had a higher risk of robbery 
than females but a lower risk 
for tbeft from the person, most 
victims of both types of 
offence being aged under 40/ 
The annual c riminal statis- 
tics, which are for 198S, 
differentiate between offences 
initially recorded as homicide 
and those that are currently 

Offences currently recorded 
as homicide have risen over 
the past 10 years from 443 is 
1975 to 563 in 1985. 

Those attributed to gang 
warfare, feud or faction rose to 

10, the most in the. last 10 

years. - ; 

For the first time in that 
period than were no homi- 
cides attributed to acts of’ 
terrorism recorded. A foot- 
note says that one offence 
occurred in 1985 but was not 
recorded, by police until this 

The total" number of of- 
fences initially recorded as 
homicide in the 10-year pe- 
riod from 1976 was about 30 
per cent higher than in the 
period 1966 to 1975. 

Since January 31, 1983 
courts have been able to award 
compensation orders as the 
sote-ormain penalty. In 1985, 
about 3,400 such orders were 
made (3 per cent of the total), 
compared with 2,600 in 1984.. 

The peak age of known 
offending per 100,000 popula- 
tion was 15 years for males 
and 14 years for females. 

The most law-abiding pol- 
ice force area was Dyf ' 
Powys, with 3,734 notifia__ 
offences recorded per 100,000 
population; the most crime 
prone was Greater Manches- 
ter with 11,202, less law 
abiding even, than the Metro- 
politan Police District, Lon- 
don, with 1(V257. 

Overall the number of of- 
fences per 100,000 population 
has risen from 1,094 in 1950 
to 6,885 last year. s _ 
The statistics say that much 
of the growth in the overall 
total of offences in which 
firearms woe reported to have 

been used was due tn criminal 
damage and air weapons 

But in 1985 a total of 9,700 
offences were recorded by 
police invptymg firemms, the 
highest fignrerecorded and 16 
per cent above that for 1984 
and 1982. 

Criminal Statistics England and 
Wales 1985. Command 10 (Sta- 
tionery Office; £14.20). 

VHEagers taking part In the Messing 

for the oak which has replaced the elm at the centre of Samsbtny (Photograph: Ros Drinkwater). 

Village unites around oak 

The tattle of Ramsbory’s 
tree ended in reconciliation 
yesterday with the planting of 
a young oak in die village 
square. . 

The oak replaced foe Wilt- 
shire village’s legendary elm, 
which stood at foe centre of 
village fife fbrmore than 300 
years, so loved by residents 
'foal it took her years of 
argamenttodedde to cut down 
the dead and foseased stump. 

Yesterday, a month after the 
elm was felted, a 36-yearold 
oak from lipping Forest, do- 
nated by foe West of England' 
BaHdfeg Society, was lowered 
fete -foe waiting hole mid 
Messed by Bishop John Neale, 
of Ramsbmy. 

The bishop said; "With a- 
fife expectancy of 400 years, 

foe tree Is a symbol of firth in 

the future”. 

Mr Charlie Braxton, aged 
76, one of the eldest residents, 
and Simon Randall, aged five, 
picked by lot from Bamsbmy 
Primary Schools yoangest 
class, helped to heap in earth. 
Mr Braxton is said to have 
proposed under foe old tree. 

Mr George Hawse, chair- 
man of foe parish coancfl, sees 

the planting as foe »■ ■■ 
achievement of Us fear-year 
term of office and an imp orta nt 
issoe for foe spring elections. 

He said: “The free is foe 
centre and symbol of Bams- 
bmy, foe fivfeg tree represents 
foepowfo and rejuvenation of ■ 
the village”. 

Divided as they may hare 
been over foe fete of their old 
tree, Rambraians are rafted in 

pride for their warm and 
n ei gh bour ly commmity. 

Mr and Mrs Bad Quick, 
from Vesuvius, Virginia, fell in 
love raider the dm daring the 
war, when Mr Quick was 
stationed at foe US base 
outside the village. His wife- 
to-be had been evacnated from 
London. Yesterday they came 
bad: to represent US service- 
men at the ceremony. 

Mr Quick said: “I hope the 
oak will be for foe young folks 
what the old tree was for ns”. 

One filing is certain. Tie 
erase of Mute Toegood, foe 
witch whe fived in the Great 
Ehn, that no girls would be 
bora in foe vfifege if the tree 
was ad down, fen not come 
time. The old spirits of foe 
village must be satisfied. 

Jobless recruited 
to combat crime 

By Ronald Faux, Employment Affairs Correspondent 

man for the Northumbrian 
force said. 

The 23 “beat assistants” 
win accompany police officers 
on the brat as “non-sworn 
civilians” in ci vilian dress. 
They wiD help neighbourhood 
watch and victim support 
schanes, deliver crime-prev- 
ention literature and liaiw 
with community groups. 

Northumbria police has set 
up 700 neighbourhood watch 
schemes, 400 in the past year. 

The aim of the p ro gr am me 
is to raise the prospects of the 
unemployed finding a perma- 
nent job by giving them 
confidence and a sense of 

More than 200 long-term 
unemployed men and women 
in Northumbria are to join the 
police force and help to fight 

Some of them have been 
jobless for more than a year. 
They are to assist Northum- 
bria police with their inquiries 
under a Manpower Services 
Commission community pro- 
gramme, which is managed by 
the force. 

Some will act as assistants 
to men on the beat, others win 
free officers from time- 
consuming desk duties to 
spend more time in the 
community detecting and 
preventing crime, a spokes- 

Britain ‘best’ for 
quality of water 

By Juftn Ydun fe . A g ric a Hur o Corresponden t 

Britain's record in comply- 
ing with EEC directives on 
water quality and ptdfetion is 
the best in Europe, a survey by 
the Water Authorities Associ- 
ation gJanriS- 

Its findings, which include a 
“league table” of actions 
brought before the European 
Court, are based on the analy- 
sis of a report published by 
European Environmental 

Belgium is the worst of the 
list of offenders, followed by 
Italy, although there are many 
proceedings against Greece 
which have yet to be heard. 

In contrast only Britain has 
bad no actions brought before 
the European Conn in the 
environmental field, the sur- 
vey claims. 

. The news will come as a 
surprise to enviro nmental 
groups, once four of foe 10 
water authorities in England 
and Wales have had to request 
exemption from EEC direc- 
tives on the. level of nitrates in 
drinking water supplies. 

At a meeting of foe National 
Farmers’ Union in London 
yesterday, Mr David Naish, 
the deputy president, urged 
the Government to in i tiate 
more research on the use of 
nitrogen fertffizers. 

He said: “Increasing levels 
of nitrates have been recorded 
in water sujiplies. There is no 
positive evidence of public 
health being affected at 
present, tint we acknowledge 
that the trend . must be 



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Builder is 
freed, on 
11 charges 

A man was released from 
custody yesterday after 11 
firearm and robbery charges 
against him "woe d ropped. 

Mr George luce, aged 50, a 
builder, of Fairfield Road, 
Bow, east London, had been 
held in custody on one rob- 
bery charge, three charges of 
attempted robbery, three 
charges of co n spiring to rob 
and four of unlawfully having 
firearms for robbery. 

Before leaving the dock at 
Lambeth Magistrates’ Court, 
Mr Ince was charged with 
dishones tly hsrodlfrtg a quan- 
tity of stolen road fund li- 

He was granted uncondi- 
tional bail to appear at Wal- 
tham Forest Magistrates’ 
Court on December 11. 

£63,000 for 
worker who 
dare not laugh 

Mr Robert Bradshaw, a 
factory worker who must not 
laugh because' it 
asthma attacks, won 
damages in foe High Coral 
yesterday for disabilities 
caused by exposure to chemi- 
cal fumes at work. 

Mr Bradshaw, aged 66, off 
Darwen, Lancashire, has been 
told he has five years or less to 
live, Mr Justice Rose sakL 

The judge said that ventila- 
tion at file factory was Inad- 
equate and he ordered Mr 
Bradshaw’s former employers, 
Crown Decorative Protects, 
of Darwen, who denwd liabil- 
ity, to pay the damages and 

Assault on 

Matthew Fitzgibbon, aged 
51; a taxi driver of Peter- 
borough Road, Leyton, east 
London, appeared before 
magistrates at % Albans yes- 

terday accused of assanltipg 
Marilyn, the pop ringer, 'on 
October 18 at the Park Sheet 
roundaboutin the town. 

Mr Michael Demidecki, 

defending, told , the , court his 
client would-be pleading not 
guilty and wanted to go forf 
trial before acrown court jury. 
The case was adjourned until 
Deoember 18. - 

Miners given 

loan deadline 

Northumberland County 
Council yesterday imposed a 
six-week deadline on 500 
miners’ families who have not 
started 'paying back money 
lent during the. pit strike. 

The council, which is. owed 
£90,000, gave a warning that 
unless the families agreed ' to 
start-paying by December 31 
they couldfacetegal action. 

Fresh call 
for inquiry 
into sea 

By AngeDa Johnson 

Relatives of 44 crow mem- 
bers who died when a British 
cargo ship, foe Derbyshire, 
sank mysteriously in 1980, 
have called on the Department 
of Transport to bold a pnhlic 
inquiry Into the loss. 

Over the yeabrs three ship- 
ping ministers have turned 
down demands for an inquiry. 
But relatives are hoping their 
campaign wBl carry greater 
weight after foe discovery of 
serious cracks in a sister ship, 
the Kowloon Bridge, which 
was forced to seek shelter off 
die west coast of Ireland 

Lord Brabazoa of Tara, the. 
Under Secretary of State for 
Transport, has already ruled 
oat die possibility of farther, 
investigations. But last night 
the Department of Transport 
said it wooU be monitoring , 
events fallowing the Kowloon 
Bridge discovery. 

Mr Nefl Rapley, whose ! 
brother died on the Derby- - 
shire, said he wanted an! 
inquiry to establish if con - : 
stinctxm fanlts contributed to 

the fiinlrmg. 

te I am convinced the ship I 
floundered because of cracks * 
caused through the way it was! 
constructed,” he said. 

*T believe an inqmry wifi : 
dear the names of the crew 
who are always suspect when .' 
something like this happens.” 1 
Six ships of foe dass were 
baflt by Swan Hunter on 
Teesside. At least two have' 
been found to have cracks in *' 
foe bulkhead area, at the rear 
of die ships. Mr Rapley 
believes such cracks may have ■ 
caused foe loss of the ■ 

The Derbyshire was cany- - 
ing a cargo of iron ore when it . 
was lost in a typhoon in the * 
Pacific. There was no distress 
message and no wreckage or ■ 
survivors were foand. [ 

The Kowloon Bridge was on • 
its way from Canada to Scot- 2 
land with a similar load when • 
cracks were fimnd on its! 

Both Swan Hunter and \ 
Bibby, owners of foe Derby- - 
dure, are bring sued by rd- J 
atives of the men who « 
disappeared with the ship. j 

Letters, The Independent, 17th November. 

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From an Independent source. 

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parole as 

A parole scheme reform 
which cut the prison popula- 
tion by 2,000 is being de* 
fended by MPs against attack 
by some academic lawyers 
and members of the judiciary 

The a&Darty Penal Affairs 
Group has raged Mr Douglas 
Hurd, the Home Secretary, to 
stand by the recent extension 
of the parole scheme, to in- 
dude many short-term prison- 

The MPs say that yielding 
to the criticism by repealing or 
truncating the measure which 
brought in the reform would 
result in a substantial rise in 
the prison population. 

Mr John wheeler. Conser- 
vative MP for ' Wes tminste r 
North and the group’s acting 
chairman, says that while it 
understands the argument of 
the critics, the group does not 
accept it ‘ 

“Those who criticize the 
new arrangements argue that 
they are unacceptable because 
in their view there is now ho 
practical difference in most 
cases between a sentence of 
nine months, 1 5 months and 
18 months, as all are likely to 
result in six months’ custody, 
followed by release on pa- 

Mr Wheeler says the argu- 
ment assumes that release on 
parole for short-term pris- 
oners is virtually a utomati c. 
That is not the case, he saiy& 
More than 20 per cent of 
short-term prisoners consid- 
ered for parole do riot receive 

Secondly, the longer the 
sentence, tbelonger die period 
for which the released pris- 
oner is subject to parole 
supervision arid liable to be 
recalled to prison if he does 
not co-operate. - 

Mr Wheeler has told Mr 
Hurd: “We hope you will 
continue to resist any pro- 
posals to reverse this valuable 

“When it was introduced,' 
this measure reduced the 
prison population' by about 
2,000, from 44,433 on Jttne'30 
1984 to 42,448 on July 31 
1984. Without this measure, 
therefore, the prison popula- 
tion today would be 2,000 

A remarkably low recall rate 
of 2.6 per cent showed that 
many prisoners could be re- 
leased under supervision after 
shorter periods in prison with- 
out risk to the public, Mr 
Wheeler says. 

for new 

By Robin Young 

The wine trade’s basest day 
of the year succeeded yes- 
terday in distributing record 
amounts of Beaajofcus Non- 
ran to aB parts of Britain fay 
means as diverse as Chinese 
rickshaw, antique water sins, 
parachute and horsewoman. 

-The rickshaw raced the new 
wine to a Chinese wine bar in 
Kensington, central London; 
the mahogany water skis dat- 
ing from tiie 1920s were 
employed to complete a deliv- 
ery to a Berkshire country 
dub; three puntehutisto de- 
scended on Bournemouth 
rfwtrfafag two bottfas apiece; 
and the horsewoman galloped 
into a Lake District hotel 
dining rooe with thewiae, just 
in time for touch. 

At Festival Pier, Oddhtos, 
die wine merchants, had 
moored a vessel which, they 
c la imed , had: laid a cross- 
Channel pipeline for Bean- 
jolais and was pumping the 
wme ashore direct from 

A Roberts & Cooper special 
defivery to Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher at 10 Downing 
Street went by more con- 
ventional means. 

Sadly, after all the effort, 
consumer reaction was not 
very enthusiastic. The 1986 
vintage is no match for Its 
exc ellent predecessor, and 
many found the wines tom.* 

BBC aims to raise 
£5m from appeal 

a mistake, 
GP says 

A doctor who allegedly in- 
jected a total overdose of 
drugs into a terminal cancer 
patient should have been able 
to see dearly the amount be' 
was injecting, Leeds Crown 
Court was told yesterday. 

Mr Geoffrey Rivlin, QC, for 
the prosecution, said the 
strength of pbenobarbitone 
ampoules administered by Dr 
John Carr was marked on 
their box in “quite large 
numerals plain for all to see”. 

Dr Carr, aged 59, from 
Brandi Road, Lower Wortiey, 
Leeds, denies the attempted 
murder of Mr Ronald Maw- 
son, a terminal liqg cawny 
patient, in August last year. 

Mr Mawson, a retired Leeds 
engined, died two days after 
the injection. 

Dr Carr said the lJXKhng 
dose was injected by mistake 
instead of lSOmg. The in- 
tended dosage would have 
helped Mr Mawson to sleep 

Other barbiturate deeping 
drugs were found in the 
doctor’s car which would have 
been suitable, Mr Rivlin said. 

Mr Rivlin asked if Dr Canr 
told Mr Mawson's wife that he 
would not want any breakfast 
because “be is not going to 
wake up”. 

Dr Carr replied: “I said 
something to the effect that it 
was no good giving him 
breaktost while be was in this 

The hearing continues 

ban on 
slate lifted 

A ban on the use of Welsh 
slate for headstones at a 
cemetery in . North Wales was 
lifted yesterday by Aberconwy 
Borough CounriL 

Only granite from India or 
South Africa has been permit- 
ted for headstones at Llan- 
dudno’s new public cemetery 
at Uanrbos, although there are 
quarries 30 mfles away. 

The ban had been imposed 
because of an agreement with- 

Mostyn Estates, the previous 
owners, of the tend, to ensure 
confonnityMr John Davies, 
the council chief executive, 
said that the company now 
had no objection to grey slate 
befog used. 

Film check on 
school cyclists 

A school at Abingdon in 
Oxfordshire has employed a 
college student to film pupils 
who ride cycles to and from 
school, m a bid to cut down on 

. More than 500 pupils of 
Laitanead comprehensive use 
cycles' for their journey and 
motorists have complained 
about behaviour on toe road. 

Marsh safe 

The 93Sacre Brampton 
Marshes ate near Boston, 
Lincolnshire,, has been bought 
for £375,000 by the Royal 
Society for the Protection of 

The BBC hopes to raise 
more than £5 million from 
this year's Children in Need 
Appeal, which in eludes a se- 
ries of television and radio 
programmes today. 

Over the past six years the 
annual appeal has collected 
more than £! I milli on to 
improve the quality of life for 
children who are sick, handi- 
capped. deprived, abused or 

Mr Terry Wogan, the tele- 
vision personality, and his 
fellow fond-raiseis are deter- 
mined to break last year's 
record sum of £4.5 million, 
which was given to more than 
4,500 different causes. It pro- 
vided equipment play facil- 
ities and holidays for under- 
privileged children. 

“It should not be hard to 
beat last year’s record with the 
line-up that we have in store 
for viewers today," said Mr 
Wogan, who will co-host a 
star-studded, seven-hour pro- 
gramme. which is the cul- 
mination of a week of fund- 
raising activities throughout 
the country. 

Highlights of this year’s 
events indude an interview 
with Princess Anne and a tap- 
dancing record-breaking at- 
tempt by Roy Castle. 

“We're out to amuse, in- 
form and entertain, but ul- 
timately we want to raise 
money for those children in 
this country who are so des- 
perately in need of ft. Let’s 

malff* imnlhor fhfnr riAnimm. 

true this year” Mr Wogan 

At Victoria station, 30 
London firemen will be 
converging on commuters this 

They will be dressed in full 
firefighting gear, brigade uni- 
forms and fancy (toss, and 
hope to persuade travellers to 
part with £10,000 in cash. 

Sub-Officer Ron Kendall, 
from Plumstead fire station, 
saj± “T hope that everyone 
who sees us at Victoria today 
will dig deep in their pockets 
and help push our total into 
five figures”. 

Choirs throughout England 
will also be raising their voices 
to raise cash for Children in 
Need. The BBC's high-flying 
Bolsterstone Male Voice 
Choir will be jetting around 
the country to ring with eight 
other leading choirs at airports 
in Lancashire. Belfast. Glas- 
gow, Gateshead, Birmingham, 
Tredegar, Luton and Wey- 

The Newcastle upon Tyne 
Polytechnic will be decorating 
a Tyneside Metro “tube” train 
for a Twenties-style party to 
commemorate the launch of 
the first Children in Need 
appeal on BBC radio in 1927. 

And 1 5.000 members of the 
National Association of 
Round Tables of Great Britain 
and Ireland will today partici- 
pate in a wide variety of fund- 
raising events, including 
motorway service station 
collections and charity 

Two ideas that came to us 

in a flash. 

Whether it's a telephone that doesn’t ring, 
or a cherished instrument that sfts silendy in a 
cornet; the twilight years of a musician can prove 
deathly quiet. 

After a fife where the sound of applause was 

an everyday event, the sfenoe can prove tfeafenmg. 
But you can help. 

A doration to the Musicians Benevolent 
Fund could well become music to their ears. 

Even better remember the Fund in your 
WHL That way your love of music can five , on 
for others to enjoy 

Please send a donation, largj or small, to.- 


Dr PhiuK-'ranmer, ua, fsccvChairman, 

1 6 Ogle Street, London WiP 7LG- ; • 

More than one hundred years ago, 
a remarkable scientist pioneered the woridfe 
first practical light bulb. 

: His name was Thomas Edison. And 
his ‘carbon filament incandescent lamp* has 
done more than almost anything else to 
brighten the lives of people throughout 
the world. 

These days rhe company that Edison 
helped to found, GE (USA), is still helping 
people see, but is now making it possible to 
hear more dearly too. 

One erf* our more recent flashes of „ 
inspiration is a special kind of transparent 

polycarbonate called LEXAN* LDS 1990 
for use in compact discs. 

It has to be so optically pure that the 
laser doesn’t even know ir's there. Otherwise 
the Ride of the Valkyries could sound like 
the Flight of the Bumble Bee. 

So at GE* we built a special dean 
room laboratory with our own compact disc 
injection moulding finishing and testing 
facilities. That way we could fine tune the 
materials and processes to perfection. 

Next time you play a compact disc, 
remember LEXAN polycarbonate. 

A dearer plastic for the deanest sound. 

Whatever will GE, one of the world’s 
Great Enterprises, think of next? 

If you would like to know more about 
GE, write to Fiona Fyfife, Shordands, 
Hammersmith, London W6 8BX. 


Changing faster than the world around us. 


•Trademark of General Electric Company -;USA ; not connected 

; with The Genera] Elccoic Company PLC of England. 




Secnrity zone attack 

' bomb kills 

Unifil men at 

[point in 

Te! Aviv (Reuter) - A car 
bomb exploded at a United 
Nations peacekeeping post in 
southern Lebanon yesterday, 
killing three Fijian soldieis 
and two Lebanese civilians. 

Two other Fijian soldiers 
and three civilians were 
wounded in the attack on a 
vehicle at the checkpoint six 
miles south of the Lebanese 
port of Tyre, opposite a pos- 
ition manned by the pro- 
Israeli “South Lebanon 
Army” (SLA1 militia. 

Mr Timor Goksei, a UN 
spokesman, said it was un- 
clear if the car had a driver 
because it was blown to bits. 

The last suicide car bomb 
attack in southern Lebanon 
was carried out by a woman 
on July 17 in Jezzine, a town 
held by the SLA. Then, five 
men were wounded. 

At least 20 suicide attacks 
have been carried out against 
Israeli and SLA posts, remain- 

ing after Israel withdrew the 
bulk of its UOOps from Leba- 
non in 1985. 

The operations, which are 
mostly the work of Syrian- 
backed groups, had fallen off 
in recent months. 

A Frenchman was the last 
UN soldier killed in Lebanon. 
He died of wounds from a 
bomb explosion on September 

Mr Goksei said 135 troops 
had died in action since the 
creation of the UN Interim 
Force in Lebanon (Unifil) in 

He said yesterday’s explo- 
sion took place just a few 
yards from an Israeli-declared 
border “buffer zone” patrolled 
by Israeli and SLA militia. 

Security sources in the area 
said it was not known whether 
the explosion was aimed at the 
SLA or Unifil. 

Recent guerrilla attacks on 


Churches take on 
aid to families 

Johannesburg (Renter) - The South African found! of 

said it «s taking over 

JiSStt to funflies of 

provided by «* ‘?£?£i£ 

Mr Bevers Naude, the SACC general secretary- said the 
council would pay fro for 

•m Ann detainees and would dfctnwne payments w 
parcels the ICRC had been gmug to 

^fyfrNaode said the annual cost of the programme waaW be 

approximately R500,000 

appealing to churches inside and outside the country for 

d 1toi!hAfrka expelled the ICRC tost »«t^reraJ^ion 
for its delegation being barred from a meeting of the 
osganizatioii in Geneva* 

Karmal Treason 

A woman, holding akrft a pitcher of water and a plastic bottle of cooking oB, during a protest against shortages of electricity, 
water and fuel and the spectacular collapse of the Lebanese pound. The demonstration disrupted Beirut yesterday. 

Unifil iroops have heightened 
concern over the ability of the 
nine-nation force to maintain 

The UN set up the peace- 
keeping force to oversee the 
withdrawal of those Israeli 
troops who invaded Lebanon 

in 1978, and to arrange for the 
Lebanese Government to ex- 
tend its authority to the Israeli 

Israel invaded again in 
1 982, but withdrew the bulk of 
its troops in June 1985 and set 
up the security zone. 

Britain and Syria clash 
in UN terrorism debate 

From Zoriana Pysariwslcy, New York 

Islamabad (Renter) — 

Hie Afghan President, Mr 
Bafarak Karmal, replaced 
as Communist Party leader 
test May, was relieved of 
aD government and ruling 
party offices yesterday, 
nearly seven years after be 
came to power. 

Kabul Radio said Mr 
Karma! was relieved of bis 
offices at his own request at 
a meeti n g of the Revolu- 
tiooary Council, K abu l . 

I-khM — Portugal is to 
bring charges of treason 
against the leader of the 
Azores Liberation Front, 
Dr Jose de Almeida, for 
recent statements ch i mi ng 
independence for the is- 
lands, both in the Azores. 

and at a press conference in 
Lisbon on Wednesday 
(Martha de la Cal writes). 

If found guilty. Dr de 
Alm eida would be liable to 
15 to 20 years in prison. 

Israelis say ‘terror boat’ destroyed in air raid 

Jerusalem (Reuter)— Israeli 
helicopters destroyed a boat 
used by Palestinian guerrillas 
in the port ofSidon yesterday 
during the third air raid 
around the southern Lebanese 
town in five days, an Israeli 
Army statement said. 

Reports from Lebanon de- 
scribed the vessel as a fisher- 
man’s boat and said that one 
person was injured. The Is- 
raeli statement described it as 
a “terrorist boat” but gave no 
other details. 

It said that all Israeli heli- 
copters returned safely to base 
and a spokesman dismissed 
earlier Lebanese radio reports 
that an aircraft had been shot 
down by ground fire. 

It was the sixteenth Israeli 
air raid on Lebanon this year 
in a policy which the Prime 
Minister, Mr Yitzhak Shamir, 
says is aimed at preventing 
Palestinian guerrillas from re- 
establishing bases in the 
south, within striking distance 
of Israel’s border 

On Sunday Israeli jets hit 
what an Army spokesman des- 
cribed as a naval base of the 
Fatah movement of the chair- 
man of the Palestine Libera- 
tion Organization. Mr Yassir 
Arafau near the Ain al-Hiiweh 
refugee camp, which is just 
south ofSidon. 

The raid followed the cap- 
ture of boats carrying weapons 
and three Palestinian guerril- 
las off the southern Lebanese 
coast earlier that day. 

On Monday Israeli heli- 

copters pounded another out- 
post near the Ain al-Hitweb 
camp belonging to the Syrian- 
based Popular Struggle Front 
• Helicopters safe: All the Is- 
raeli helicopters which took 
part in the raid on the Palesti- 
nian base near Sidon returned 
safely, according to an Israeli 
military spokesman (lan Mur- 
ray writes). 

The spokesman denied 
firmly that any Israeli aircraft 
had been lost during the raid 
Shamir on Iran, page 11 

For the first time since the 
rupture of relations over the 
Heathrow airport bomb at- 
tempt. Britain and Syria 
clashed sharply at the United 
Nations over the issue of 
terrorism and Damascus’s 
involvement in the incident as 
the General Assembly engaged 
in a debate on the US retal- 
iatory strikes against Libya. 

Responding to remarks by 
Mr Abdel Mournen al-Atassi, 
the Syrian representative, that 
Britain's aid for the United 
States in the attack on Libya in 
April left it with bloodstained 
hands. Sir John Thomson, the 
British delegate, renewed the 

charge of Syrian complicity in 
the Heathrow incident. 

There was conclusive ev- 
idence of Syrian officials' 
involvement and nothing 
would alter that fact. Sir John 

Mr al-Atassi said be defied 
the British representative to 
produce proof of his al- 

He said that Syria con- 
demned and rejected terror- 
ism because It was itself a 
target of terrorists, but there 
was a fine, though dear-cut, 
line between liberation actions 
and terrorism. 

Kahane in US row 

g««.B City (Renter) - Tbe Israeli milit a n t anti-Arab 
politician. Rabbi Mdr Kahane, was free on baO yesterday af- 
ter being arrested on disorderly conduct charges m the 
Kanea* City suburb of Overland Park. 

Rabbi Kahane and two 
other men, one described as 
an Arab and the other as a 
Jew, were charged after 
interruptions to his speech 
that resulted In a scuffle, 
police said. There were no 

Rabbi Kahane, who 
(bunded the ntifitaat Jew- 
ish Defence League ( JDL) 
in the United States, was 

abs should leave Israel, or 
tfceysboold not hare voting 


Poaching Offer 


Belgrade (Reuter) — 
Yugoslavia has protested 
against Italian poaching in 
its territorial waters after a 
Yugoslav patrol shot dead 
an Italian fisherman on 
Wednesday, aftegng re- 
peated violations of Yugo- 
slav waters by Italian 

— The Spanish 
Government beleives there 
is no acceptable change in 
the offer to negotiate on 
self-government and sov- 
ereqpity made by a spokes- 
man of Eta's military wing 
on French television on 
Wednesday night (Richard 
Wigg writes). 





.-—-rr. . 


- M 



‘ • ' 

w . 


Sweden off blacklist 


Stockholm (Renter) — Sweden has been taken off a US 
blacklist of countri es which Washington fears might allow 
advanced Western technology to tall into Soviet hands, a 
Swedish newspaper said yesterday. 

The science weekly Ny Tektuk quoted senior US defence 
officials as saying Sweden had been removed from the list 
since it tightened ndes on exporting technology this aim ni er. 
The move means Swedish firms would find it easier to import 
advanced technology from the United States. Tbe newspaper 
said about 15 countries were still on die US blacklist. 


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Iran aims crisis: « Ayatollah gloats 

US overtures shunned 



Shamir stonewalls 

President struggles 

at Reagan’s ‘scandal’ ; 

35S” r nation, wanting to establish ^ - Ta • 

Shamir fends off 
pointed questions 

From lan Murray, Jerusalem 

Tehran (Reuter) - Iran’s 
spuitual _ leader. Ayatollah 
Khomeini, yesterday rejected 
American efforts to establish 
ties with Tehran. 

Speaking on the affiar for 
the first time, he toki a 
gathering at a mosque beside 
his north Tehran home: “One 
thing I congratulate everyone 
on is the great explosion which 
has occurred in Washington's 
Black House and the im- 
portant scandal which has 
gripped leaders of America. 

“It has now been revealed 
that those who threatened and 
broke relations (with ban) 
have come pleading to this 

Ayatollah Khomeini: Ameri- 
can overtures are rejected. 

In his press conference on 
Wednesday evening President 
Reagan illustrated the nature 
iff las dilemma over the Ira- 
nian arms deal. He has not 
only acted in away which most 
Americans deplore: be has 
also offered an explanation 
which most Americans do not 

He cannot, therefore, dose 
the controversy on his actions 
either by *m»fr«n«g his bin- 
der or by offering a better 
explanation without admitting 
that he had ben previously 
misleading. That is why 1 
believe be now feces a political 
crisis from which he will have 
great difficulty in extricating 

In every tight comer op tin 
now be has always managed to 
win the confidence of the 
American people. Even his 
cr iti c s have acknowledged rue- 
fully that he seems to possess 
a magic gift which has enabled 
him to be untouched, by any . 
fail ore. 

However, while Ms popular- - 
Hy rating still seeing to be 
bolding up, pretty **&, his 
authority has. been affected 
this time and u fontbiriafidn of 
factors seems fikely Jo keep 
the storm rambfing. 

The press has urifMl 
become much man aggressive 
in its approach to the Presi- 
dent. At his press conference 
he looked a hunted man. The 
questioning reflected not ■ a 
professional adversarial re- 
lationship, but sheer disbelief 
Ever since his election six 
years ago until now Mr 
Reagan has been treated with 
unusual respect by the press. 

Reagan has look 
of a hunted man 

This was partly because it 
was wary of seeming too tough 
towards such an outstandingly 
popular leader and partly, I 
believe, because it became 
nervous of its own power. 

After destroying Mr Nixon, 
its glare proved too much for 
Mr Ford and Mr Carter. It 
was appearing too adept at 
nulling presidents. 

But now the press appears' 
to believe tint Mr Reagan has 
been treated with too ranch 
deference for too long. It seems 
to sense that be has become 
vulnerable at last. Tins may he 
partly because the anus deal 
crisis follows so swiftly upon 
the Republican setback in the 
mid-tenu elections. 

So now the press is ready to 
get after the President in a 
much rougher way, subjecting 
the details of his explanation 
to searching scrutiny. Nor wifi 
the press be alone la that 

Now that the Democrats 
have recovered control of the 
Senate that approach win be 
evident in both Houses of the 
new Congress as welL Already 
' bearings me to 
i on the issue. though the 

nation, wanting to «aaMisii 
relations and malting apolo- 
gies — the nation does not 
accept This is something 
higher than all your victories," 
be said: ■ 

The Ayatollah spoke only 
hours after a Washington 
news conference in' which 
President Reagan assumed 
sole responsibility for the 
secret overtures, conceding 
the policy had provoked de- 
bate among his top advisers. 

He devoted part of his 15- 
minute speech to strong criti- 
cism of those people who, he 
said, were .-repeating foreign 
propaganda and creating dis- 
coid among Iranian o fficials 

Apparently referring to a 
question in Parliament from 
seven deputies about the US 
contacts, he said: “The tone of 
what you gave to Parliament is 
harsher than that of Israel; 
than that of the very people 
who sit in those palaces 
(American leaders).” . 

- Iranian. officials who have 
spoken, on' the controversy 
lave denied reports that ba- 
nian authorities negotiated 
with Washington's emissaries. 
But a formal question put to 
the Foreign Minister, Mr Ah 
Akbar Velayau, this week by 

momentum iff the 
win be kept up in 
before . the new 
assembles in January. 

Beth, the press iud Con- 
gress are being given the 
a mm unit io n to fire At the 
President from within the 
' Administration . ifselfr Disclo- 
sures have been flowing from 
the State Pqmrtmeut and the 
Pentagon, both of which were 

Disclosures from 
Stale Department 

deffbentelyexduded from the 
Iranian operation. They kave 
probably also been among 
from dissidents within the 
National Security CounriL 

ft is this combination of m 
aggressive press, an assertive 
Congress and m d jgnaT 
from inside the Atomstn- 
tbn that is so potent : 

The Adrauiistntian’s 
visions have another effect ns 
well. I am sceptical of the 
speculation that Mr Shultz 
aright be forced out I cannot 
see that any moment win crane 
when it would suit Mr Reagan 
for Mr Shultz to go. 

If he were to leave while die 
storm was still raging it would 
directly undermine the Presi- 
deat. If Mr Shrifz were .to 
resign later it would revive the 

So if he goes it is tikdSy to be 
of bis own accord. But, 
whether be stays or goes, the 
evident disapproval of the 
Secretary of State inevitably 
lends powerful credence to the 

All the signs, therefore, 
point to the banian venture 
remaining a running .story, 
which most be just what the 
Administration wants most to 

It will absorb energy and 
tune which the Administration 
can iU afford at this stage m its 
life. It will accelerate the drift 
of key personnel from .tee 
Government back into private 
life . 

Above aQ, it threatens to 
erode Mr Reagan’s .personal 
influence when he needs _ it 
most to preserve the authority 

of Jus presidency after the loss 
of the Senate. 

Basle wakes up to yet 
another gas leak 

From Alan McGregor, Geneva 

For many people m Basle 
there was a nightmarish qual- 
ity about being woken in (he 

middle of the night again hy 
police cars with loudspeakers 
telling them to dose all 

This time it was an escape of 

phenol gas - carbolic aad — 
from the Gite-geigy chemical 
works at Mtmenz. just beside 
the Sandoz plant where a 
warehouse fire on November 
I produced a toxic doud and 
the ecologieafly disastrous 
pollution of the Rhine. 

“Human error, a mistake m 
manipulation" is the company 
description of what happened 
when, during iatge^cale test- 
ing of an epoxy resin, the 
temperature reached 260 de- 
grees Centigrade with the 
emission of a phenol doud. 
This diluted , gradually' as it 

drifted across neighbouring 
West Germany . 

Until the alert was lifted 
yesterday rooming, the con- 
centration was liable to irritate 
the eyes and throat People 
still suffering from nose, 
throat and digestive tract dis- 
comfort from the Sandoz fire 
cloud were particularly vul- 
nerable. • • 

Because some doctors have 
reported the persistence of 
these symptoms,. the. Basle 
authorities are aski ng 390 
volunteers from the city and 
300 from the surrounding 
cantonal districts to undergo 

Hood andurine tests. 

Cynics, who say the Basle 
public should be issued with 
gas-masks, suggest life initia- 
tive for this may have come 
from the chemical industry, 

because it is confident nothing 

will show in tests of this kind 

seven deputies seemed implic- 
itly to confirm the reports. 

“It is heard that persons 
outride the framework of the 
Foreign Ministry contacted 
and negotiated with the 
American delegation,” said 
the Question, printed in the 
Resales newspaper. 

“Please state whether they 
were sanctioned by the Fdr- 
ri#i Ministry and, if not, what 
was the legal authorization for 
their contacts,” it added. 

... The signatories also wasted 
to know who the de- 
cision for the contacts, at what 
t level they took place, who 
negotiated with the Americans 
in Iran, what they discussed 
and the outcome of the talks. 

“Why should you be in- 
fluenced by ' foreign propa- 
ganda, or by your own 
egotism?” . the Ayatollah 
asked. He said those who 
raised' such .questions were 
either ignorant of develop- 
ments or were doing it on 

Following the criticism, it 
appeared highly unlikely that 
the question would be pressed 
in Parliament. ■ 

He said the Soviet. Union 
was also “raring with the US 
for relations with Iran”. 

Mr Yitzhak Shamir, the Israeli Prime Minister, wei g hin g a 
reply at a lunch with the foreign press in JerasalemT 

laael is doing all if can to 
help the Jews in Iran who are 
suffering continuing persecu- 
tion, Mr Yitzhak Shamir said 
here yesterday. But the Prime 
Minister refused to say 
whether that included sending 
arms to Tehran. 

Answering questions from 
the foreign press, largely 
about alleged Israeli involve- 
ment in any Iranian arms deal, 
he was, even by his own tight- 
lipped standards, secretive. 
His possible hints that Israel 
could have been involved 
might just as easily be inter- 
preted as denials. 

Asked about tee plight of 
Iranian Jews, he said: “We do 
what we can to help. We do h 
in the framework of the 
possibilities we have. We are 
looking all tee time for means 
to help our brothers.” 

He refused to speculate if 
Israel would be prepared to 
send aims if it believed this 
would help to free the Jews in 
Iran. “There are some ques- 
tions when you are faced with 
a dilemma and you have lo 
consider all tee aspects of 
them. But I do not go into 
specula don.” 

He would sot comment on 
tee latest White House ad- 
mission that “a third country” 
had been involved in sending 
American arms to Iran. “You 

wOI not expect me to say 
something contradictory to 
President Reagan's state- 
ment," he said. “But it is onr 
policy not to publicize details 
about what is going on about 
arms sales. It k not our policy 
to sell arms to Iran.” 

Pressured further, he in- 
sisted: “I have nothing to say 
about it Nobody has men- 
tioned Israel. It is not our 
policy to publicize details 
about arms sales.” 

He was equally reticent 
about Mr Mordechai Vanunn, 
The Sunday Times's nuclear 
informant who was allegedly 
spirited from London to an 
Israeli jalL 

“We are not obliged to give 
any promises to any country,” 
he said, when asked if he could 
promise no laws had been 
broken. “We have always 
stated the fact that we have not 
violated any British law and 
that this person left Britain on 
his own volition." 

He did not think his Gov- 
ernment had been pressured 
into revealing that Mr Van ana 
had arrived in Israel, although 
his convoluted answer in- 
dicated that there were prob- 
lems with Britain. “We 
derided to do it after we had 
taken into consideration all 
the possible developments,” 
be said. 

shut down 
by Iraqi 

Bahrain (Reuter) - One of 
Iran's two largest active refin- 
eries, a plant at Esfahan, was 
shut down a week ago, appar- 
ently because of an Iraqi air 
raid, oil sources in the Gulf 
said yesterday. 

Iraqi raids during the six- 
year Gulf War have badly 
damaged Iran’s refining capa- 
city. forcing it to import refin- 
ed products. 

The Esfaham refinery was 
designed to produce 240,000 
barrels per day, (bpd) but has 
turned out as many as 
300,000. Iraqi jets bombed the 
city on November 12, tW it 
was not dear what damage 
was caused to the plant, which 
was hit by Iraqi jets in March. 

Mr Gholamreza Aqazadeh. 
the Iranian Oil Minister, said 
in Geneva last month that all 
Iran's refineries, with the 
exception of the big plant at 
Abadan, which was destroyed 
at the beginning of the war, 
were again working at full 
capacity, but oil sources 
thought some of them still had 

The oil sources said an 
80,000-bpd refinery at Tabriz 
also appeared to have been 
damaged this month, but they 
were not sure if it had been 
shut down. 

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SI 21 1986 

New private enterprise 
law is no revolution 
for Russia’s ‘chastniks’ 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

Soviet citizens were yest- 
erday trying to assess the 
implications of the controver- 
sial new law sanctioning 29 
forms of individual or family 
enterprise, hailed by some 
Western commentators as a 
“minor revolution", but seen 
by many Russians as a le- 
galization of the status quo. 

A number of people inter- 
viewed by The Times ex- 
pressed scepticism that the 
taw on individual labour 
would bring any sweeping 
changes to the economy when 
it comes into effect in May. 

Others, relying more on 
hope than conviction, spoke 
of a possible improvement in 
the country's woefully inad- 
equate consumer services. 

All believed that the 
changes would probably be 
most keenly felt in the Baltic 
republics of Estonia, Latvia 
and Lithuania where eco- 
nomic experiments have tra- 
ditionally beta ahead of the 
norm in the rest of the 

"If the law had made things 
like they are in Hungary, then 
the changes would have been 
greater and we would have 
need the danger of crowds 
leaving the state sector to try 
earning more roubles working 
privately,’' said Gennady, a 
Muscovite, aged 36. "As it is. 

no one can hire another 
worker, so nothing of any 
great size can emerge." 

After the initial excitement 

law jn fi tiK r supre™ J |oviet, 
many Russians have adopted 
a more questioning approach, 
emphasizing the very strict 
limitations imposed on any 
private business. 

“The only families who can 
work together are those who 
live under one roof; and then 
only after doing a day’s work 
in the state sector,” Gennady 
said. The case of Olga, aged 
50, a Soviet dressmaker who 
has been operating for years 
from her small Oat in a south 
Moscow suburb is typical of 
the hundreds of thousands of 
chastniks, private workers 
who are already plugging the 
yawning gaps left by the 
inefficient communist eco- 
nomic system. 

Under the new law CMga 
(whose telephone number is 
passed from hand to band by 
members of Moscow's smart 
set) will continue to operate as 
she does now, in her spare 
time — the main difference is 
that she will have to pay a new 
tax on her private earnings. 

The other difference in her 
thriving little business — 
whose up-to-date designs are 
copied mainly from European 
magazines — is that she will 

have to go to the local Soviet 
authorities before May 1 to 
seeka permit. 

The need far CHga and other 
members of the vast army of 
ehasiniks is that although they 
charge higher prices than their 
state equivalents, they pro- 
duce better work, more 

S and are much more 
in accommodating the 
demands of individuals. 

“I can see nothing wrong 
with going to a private dress- 
maker. It never really crossed 
my mind to do otherwise, just 
as I used to send my son to 
private kindergarten. It cost 
more money, but he was 
looked after much better,” one 
of Olga's clients said. 

A Soviet official said that by 
legalizing the existing private 
sector (with the exception of 
black marketeers), it was 
hoped to entice more people 
to join it 

Soviet intellectuals noted 
that the new law fell fer short 
of the New Economic Policy 
introduced by Lenin in 1921. 

The current vogue for NEP 
among influential Soviet ec- 
onomists has led diplomats to 
speculate that the new law 
may only represent a cautious 
first step which Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov intends to develop 

Leading article, page 21 

Police carrying away a demonstrator 
who tried to block die entrance to a 
Nato site at Hasselbach, West Ger- 
many, where cruise missiles are to be 
based. The police, who bad arrived 
yesterday to keep watch on toe au- 
thorized protest shortly before It was 
doe to begin, found that about 100 anti- 
nuclear demonstrators were already 

Mocking the four gates of the base, 
south of Koblenz. Organizers said that 
tire demonstrates arrived to tire middle 
of the night, well before they had been 
officially expected. There were no 
arrests, police said. The demonstrators 
plan to stay two days outside the base, 
where 96 anise missiles are doe to be 
deployed by the end of next year. 




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German terrorist 

Schleyer murder 

float Jo 

A farmer Baader-Meujbof 
mag terrorist, who is accused 
of involvement in the Indnap- 
ping and murder of a fe uding 
West German industrialist m 

1977, went on trial in a heavily 

guarded DGssddorf court yes- 
terday charged with the crimes 

far the second time. 

Rolf Ktemens Wagner, aged 

42, was sentenced by the same 

court in March 1985 to two 

Wagner is already semog a 
life sentence in a Swiss jail for 
the triflin g of a woman passer- 
- - during a bank nud a 

by duri 

abduction of Ik jSatms-Mar- 
tin Schleyer, president of the 
West Goman Employers 
Federation, in September 
1977 and his “execution” six 
weeks later. 

The Federal High Court 
quashed tire verdict an d son - 
«i»^ a nd ordered 'a retrial 
hreaw the lower court had 
allowed a conversation _ be- 
tween Wagner and a prison 
governor to be secretly tape- 
recorded. . . 

Wagner is alleged to have 
been die terrorist who tele- 
phoned Dr ScWeyer’s family 
with ransom demands and tire 
lower court wanted to com- 
pare his voice with tapes of the 
kidnappers’ contact man 
made nine years ago. 

The federal court ruled that 
ihpjail recording was inadmis- 
sibte, and the lower court must 
sow. decide if the rest of the 
evidence against Wagner is 
sufficient to convict him 

Dr Schleyer was kidnapped 
in Cologne in an ambush in 
which his driver and three 
bodyguards were shot dead. 
He was found dead in the boot 
ofa car in Mulhouse, near the 
French-German bonder, six 
weeks later after West Germa- 
ny’s crack OSG9 anti-tenorisr 
unit had freed the passengers 
and crew of a hijacked Luft- 
hansa airliner at M o g a di sh u 
, airport in Somalia. 

That action was followed by 
the suicides in fail of the .old 

Baader-Meinhof gang ring- 
leaders, Andreas Baader, Gnd- 
nm Epsslin and Jao-Carl Ras- 
ne, which seated Dr Schleyeris 
fete. He was killed by several 
shots in the head. 

Wagner was excluded from 
the court yesterday after creat- 
ing a disturbance* 

• Recruiting drive: The Fed- 
eral Criminal Bureau in Wies- 
baden said yesterday that the 
Red Army Faction, successors 
to the Baader-Meinhof gang, 
had increased its efforts to 
reentit new sympathisers to its 
cany to hop organize can 
■and hideaway fiats. “It ap- 
pears that the terrorists are 
having problems in fi ndin g 
replacements for drop-outs," a 
spokesman said. 

by Unita 

By Nicholas Beaten 

Reports of i ncre as ed guer- 
rilla activity in Angola’s efl- 
rich Cabinda enclave may 
herald anew offntstve by anti- 
gave r nm ent Unita forces with 
grove co n se q uen ces to the 

to Western dip- 
lomats and Angolan affldab. 

latest reports from Laanda 
say that guerrillas mounted an 
attack two weeks ago against 
tbe hnwfly defended airport at 
Cabinda, the moot recent to a 
sfting of ground assaults, 
which coda constitute 
switch in strategy by Unite's 
leader, Dr Jonas Savfmiri. 

The offshore oilfields at 
Cabinda, operated by the US 
company, Chevron, 
two-thirds of AngofeY oil 
exports, with ifaa commodity 
providing 93 percent of tee 
country’s foreign e wie o cy 
earnings fast year and eff- 
ectively bankrolling its 11- 
year war against Umta. 

Officials of tbe MarxisMed 
Government m Luanda sug- 
gest teat Unite's latest at- 
tempt to sabotage tee Cabinda 
operation would not be pos- 
able Dries tbe rebels were 
allowed to use b ases in 

^bSdy* 1 ^jiawk has re- 
frained from accasmg Zaire of 
anting Unita, bat privately 
Angolan officials suspect the 
country is working wfth the 
US and Sooth Africa by 
tenting a blind eye to Unite 
operations bandie d front its 

A Unite sp ok e sm a n , m 
Loodon denied that his move- 
ment received any assistance 
from Kinshasa and said (hat 
tite latest offensive in tee 
north was the result of “in- 
creased activities” and 
“extended campaign”. 

**We do not reveal where we 
attack from,*’ he said. “We 
have to hit the Government 
where it hurts most, and tint 
memo s toe oil 

In toe past. Sooth African 
commandos and Unite forces 
have lunched hit-and-nm 
*e operations in Ca- 
binda, h ot ne ver a concerted 


Ironically, the campaign 
against the Chevron oilfields 
coin cides with toe covert CIA 
anti-communist operation, ap- 
provedby President Bes paly 
to equip Untia with sopnis- 
tkated weapons. 

Unita has so far refused to 
comment on reports from 
Zambia that the 
arms have been shi ppe d via 
Zaire, but admits that it has 
“received everything that was 
promised” by Washington. 

believe the new 
aims supplies and.the repeats 
of a new offensive in tbe mirth 
cooM shift die strategic bal- 
ance in Unite’s favoar and 
increase the pressure on the 
Soviet-bached Government in 
Luanda to extend its war effort 
or contemplate i 

seek talks 
on British 

Lisbon (Rafter) — Right- 
wing Mozambican rebels arc 

with the British Government 
far the release of -Mr Jan 
Robertson, a captured British 
agricultural engineer. 

Mr Paulo Oliveira, spokes- 
man in - Lisbon for tee 
Mozambican National Resis- 
tance, said that tee MNR 
leader, Mr Afonso Dhlakama, 
had ordered that conditions 
for: his release be discussed 
directly with the British Far- 
esgn Office instead of tee 
International Red Cross. 

The ICRC was handling the 
cases of other foreigners cap- 
tured during an attack on 
Uloague on the weekend of 
November 8/10. Three West 
Germans -nxfr a -Portuguese 
were also seized. • • - 

Egyptian tomb 
from 2000 BC 

Cairo (Renter) — Egyptian 
archeologists have uncovered 
tee tomb ofa pharaonic prince 
at Saqqara, the desert rite of 
tee prototype step pyramid: 

Tire tomb, dating back to 
2400 BC, is well preserved and 
hieroglyphics show that it 
belonged to Eri, a sixth dy- 
nasty prince. 

Wall jump 

Berlin (Reuter) - A 33-year- 
old East German man escaped 
over tee Berlin Wall to the 
West during Wednesday 
night, successfully ducking a 
hail a of bullets from com- 
munist guards but breaking 
his leg in the 14ft jump to the 
western ride. 

River open 

Ayamonte, Spain (Reuter) 
— Fishermen in 50 small boats 
lifted a three-day blockade ofa 
river crossing between Spain 
and Portugal yesterday after 
officials agreed to study de- 
mands for a trilateral agree- 
ment in the frontier zone. 

2,000 held 

Seoul (AP) — Government 
reports submitted this week to 
the South Korean National 
Assembly show that 2,011 
students are being held in 
connection with recent anti- 
government demonstrations. 

Snake post 

Sydney (Reuter) — Two 
West German tourists have 
been sentenced to six months 
in jail for attempting to post 
1 35 live snakes and lizards out 
of Australia. 


Nairobi (AFP) — Police: 
have arrested a Kenyan man - 
who drove his car at high, 
speed for a mile along railway 
tracks in central Nairobi white 
drunk: He said he had eaten a 
samoosa, a kind of small 
totem pie, which disagreed 
with bran . 

Double charge 

Bulawayo (Reuter) - Pri- 
yate tan owners in Bulawayo, 
infuriated by “huge and 
overweight” passengers, have . 
started charging, them doubly 
because each fat passenger 
takes up the space of two 
people and costs them busi- 

Dr Jonas Savimlri: switch in 
Unite's strategy wider way? 

„ COLOUR - s 

ThcCtmoissxa- GaBar 
Jjtff fbBm Attack 


i It* V&f* 


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... i-;c> 


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i. .-»J J u 


Thatcher statement to Commons under scrutiny 

>urt closes its doom to hear 



■ Mrs Thatcher's statement to 
the Commons in 1981 about 
Sir Roger Hollis, former 

of M15, had 
not wen , a comprehensive 
account of the investigation 
into claims that he was a 
Soviet double-agent. Sir Rob- 
ert Armstrong, the Cabinet 
Secretary, agreed here yes- 

But it had been as foil as the 
limits of an oral statement 
allowed and he believed it 
accurate, Sir Robert told the 
Peter Wright book hearing in 
the New South Wales Su- 
preme Court. 

Sir Robert, in his third day 
in the witness-box, was being 
cross-examined fay Mr Mal- 
colm TumbuILfbr Mr Wright, 
who asked: “Why is it not 
possible to be comprehensive 
m the House of Commons?” 

Mr Justice Powell, who is 
hearing . the Government’s 
application for an injunction 
to suppress Mr Wright's book, 
described the aross-exammar 
turn as trying to show that Mrs 
Thatcher's was “a deliberately 
misleading statement in an 
attempt to put out the fire and 
quieten the plebs”. 

The court went into closed 
session for more than an hour 
yesterday after Sir Robert 
declined to answer in open 
court suggestions that Lord 
Victor Rothschild, a senior 
adviser to Conservative gov- 

s answers 

_ From Stephen Tayfor, Sydney 

2“ .Cabinet Secretary also received any reports from the 
JJ"™. to make any statement security services concerning 
Ifcamkht have had the effect Victor Rothschflcfs ix^e am- 

_X* fj* , *wwomi» a war 

ofMtffinnujgtheejastenceof ccrning Their Trade is 
Mio, Britain's external coon- Treadle r# 

{ct^HDpageservice. Counsel 
for the Government explained government official 
had ever done so before, 
although it-was later pointed 
out that Sir, Robert had in- 
advertently done' just foist 

-* — - — nr.j « % - ■ ■ ■ 

Mr Justice Powell agreed to 
hear an amendment of the 

Sir Robert: 1 would not wish 
to answer that in open court. 

Mr Ttzrnbolfc Have you 
learned from other -than foe 

security services that Victor 
Rothschild procured foe pub- 
lication of Their Trade is 

When Sir Robert repeated 

Government's pkwriingg to- that he did not wish to answer 
day and extended a deadline this in open court, Mr Justice 

cation of Mr Chapman 
Fincher's book, Their Trade is 

.for production of secret docu- 
ments to Monday. 

Mr Turnbull had . 
described; Mr Pincber as a 
journalist ofknown right-wing 
views ami suggested that the 
Government had chosen him 
as being suitable to make 
public the mvestugstion of Sir 
Roger Hollis which was dis- 
closed in Thar Trade is 

Mr Turnbull suggested to 
Sir Robert that LoSluwh- 
scbflrt, former head of a Tory 
think-tank, was also a trusted 
adviser on intelligence mat- 
ters. Sir Robert replied that he 
thought that "an over-state- 

Mr Turnbull: Did Victor 
Rothschild discuss Their 
Trade is Treachery with you 
before publication? 

Sir Robert No. 

Mr Turnbull: Have you 

Man In the news 

This judge is more 
than meets the eye 

Sydney — His Honour Mr 
Justice Philip Ernest Powdl, 
who wiR be required to pass 
judgment on foe British G«*- 
enunenfs appfication to supp- 
ress foe Wright manuscript, 
has been beard to refer to him- 
self riming foe proceedings as 
“just an old colonial” (Stephen 
Taylor writes). 

He is dearly more than that, 
however. Aged 56, he was call- 
ed to foe Bar only a year after 
being admitted to foe Supreme 
Cheat of New South Wales as 
a solicitor and has been a 
judge since he w» 47. A, a 
former mteHigenceofficer, he 
served with foe Anstnufeu 
Army W i ffigtc Corps. -i ‘- 
Mr Justice PuwefTs .anar' 
cater maaner towards tauosel 
for foe British GOvepqaeaft 
and Mr Wright is. marked by 
his connneHtaries on foe dnd 
that is going on. 

Afire one sharp-witted ex- 
change he remarked: “That’s 
lS-alv’ wfafie foe saffies of Mr 

Malcolm TorabuO, foe shrewd 

young solicitor appearing for 
Mr Wright, are occ asi onally 
mildly admonished. ‘Thai’s 
yean for foe day, Mr Tam- 
telL” ■ - 

The judge has b eew anw ay 
ingjy courteous towards SSr 
Robert Armstrong, foe Cabin- 
et Secretary, who has spent 
three tough days onder cross- 
examination by Mr TnrrfmlL 
But be has expressed dis- 
qattefarrinn OB foe CQBdnCt of 
foe case by the British sale on 
a number of occasions. This 
week he said be was worried 
that Sir Robert had been put 
forward as foe Crown’s main 
witness when foere were dear- 
ly areas, on matters of tew, for 

Mr "Justice Powell: ques- 
tioned aspecteofBritish case 

example, which were outride 
bis jmis&tkn and on which 
he was incapable of answering 
gwations. - 

Last week, discerning ok 
more of a series of tactical 
adj u s tm e n ts by foe British, 
lawyers, he expressed anger 
for the only time so for in foe 
proceedings, describing what 
Wsaid was Ms “rijungsensf 
of frustration’* at these “serp- 
entine weavings”. • 

From other remarks, includ- 
ing references to duaa c tere in 
foe noveb of John Le Cant, it 
is dear that Mr Justice Powell 
is weB-read in the Bteratnre of 
the secret intelligence world, 
M his main recreation is 

According to bis entry in 
Who’s Who l a Australia he 
has two sons and two doub- 
ters and is a member of foe 
limpcatelSavkm Club. 

Furore over Chess 
Federation poll 

From Raymond Keene, Chess Correspondent, Dubai 

Mr Florencio Campomanes finned at the opening of the 
of the Philippines and Profes- Olympiad . that they dearly 
sor Lincoln Lucena of Brazil supported Mr Campomanes 
are contesting the election fin: for re-election as president of 
the post of president of foe Fide.” 

World Chess Federation To confirm their gratitude 

(Fide), which wiB lake place, they -have 

_ they have spent around 

here next Saturday. £700,000 on international air 

Broadly speaking, Mr Cam- . tickets to ferry in potential 
pomanes, foe incumbent, is Chmpomanes supporters. Of* 
supported by foe Third finally these tickets are for 
World, and Professor Lucena “delegations not able - to fin- 
numbers most of Eastern Eur- ance iidr air ticket costs to at- 
crpe, foe US and world chess tend the Olympiad” but afur- 
champion, . Gary Kasparov ore erupted yesterday morn- 
(USSRX among his support- fr» when foe list of reaments 
era. ofthis generosity was pubhsh- 

Mr Campomanes has an- ed. 
gered many during his four- ; It includes. Spam, Greece 
year term by what is perceived ' and Italy (pronrinent Campo- 
as an autocratic style of leader- manes supporters)- bjRof- 
ship, which culminated in his . ritvtes Bermuda and Zhnbab- 
arbitsary termination of the-: vre, believed to be on the op- 
first Karpov-Kasparov world posile safe. Sfedy-seven offoe 

chamfftOBriup match on Feb- 125 of the Worid Federation s 

ruary 15, 1985, just as Kaspar- 
ov had won two consecutive 

Mr Lucena has promised 
reforms, including a more 
democratic Fide stnxaure. 

Mr Campomanes greatest 
coup has been foe staging of 
foe 1986 Chess Olympiad and 
elections in Dubai, an event 
from which Israel had been 
excluded for foe first time in 
foe history of foe champion- 
ship, an action which promp- 
ted Holland, Norway, 
Sweden, Denmark to boycott 
the evenL 

Mr Ahmed Abdufiah Abu 

nations have benefited and 
tins pattern of Mas was. re- 
peated throughout foe list.. 

Mr Hussein said: “It is Mr 
Campomanes 1 right to exploit 
this wonderful idea and use it 
in his jnst election cam- 

Gary .Kasparov, the world 
champion. Iras predictably bit 
foe nx>£ He saub “Chess has 
been rocked by scandal which 
must now oomc to. an end. 
Campomanes* autocratic style 
of tfatterehip has harmed ev- 
eryone. He has had four years 
to make his own chess world 

Mr Ahmcc AMnuan ado ^r t j^ resn H« bad /’ . 
Hussein, General Secretary of 

foe Supreme Council for Vcsi«^y^noOT^«- 
Youfo and Sports in .foe rov summoned many promm- 
United Arab Sratas said: eat srandoastfira ® J-J* 

Powell deared foe public 

Earlier, Sir Robert con- 
firmed font, 'even after the 
furore over the Hoflis allega- 
tions in Trade is Treach- 
ery, senior civil servants and 
politicians had continued to 
associate with Mr Pincher. 

Mr Turnbull: . One of his 
better contacts in the Govern- 
ment is Sir Michael Havers 
(foe Attorney-General), isn't 

Sr Robert I have no 
information for that I don't 
know if they have dene 

Mr Turnbufo Another ofhis 
better contacts is Sir Arthur 
Franks? (former head ofMI6). 

Sir Robot: I behove they 
meet from time to time. 

Mr Turnbull asked whether 
Sir Robert knew that on New 
Year’s Day, 1983, Sir Michael 

Havers had been shooting 
with Mr Pmtiher ami too. 
provided him with informa- 
tion which bad formed the 
basis of a sequel to Their 
Trade is Treachery. 

Sir Robert said he knew 
nothing of that. When foe 
sequel had appeared it was 
agreed that it had contained 
httie new material. 

Sir Robert was idnctant to 
use foe designation of MI6. 
When a reference was made to 
Mr Arthur Martin, a former 
MIS officer, moving to MI6, 
Sir Robert would say only dot 
Mr Martin had gone “to 
another ptece”. 

Mr Tbeo Simos, QC, 
appearing for the British Gov- 
ernment, said Sir Robert was 
being pot in foe position of 
being foe first official to 
confirm the organization's 

Mr Turnbull remarked: Tt 
is a neat hypocrisy that Britain 
will admit the existence of one 
of its own agencies which spies 
on its own people (MI 5), but 
not to that which spies on 
other people.*’ 

The need for secrecy appar- 
ently baffled Mr Justice row- 
ell, who said he had read 
bodes about British intefit* 
pence and bad been under the 
impression that foe Australian 
security services, with an in- 
ternal and an external arm, 
bad been based on “the role 
model in the Mother Coun- 

Leading article, page 21 

Museum Workers 
planned in dispute 

for Elgin set fire to 

• marbles gold mine 

From A Correspondent From Michael Hornsby 

Athens Johannesburg 

Miss Metina Mercouri, Firemen were last nig 

Greece's Minister of Culture, battling to control a gold mu 
yesterday nmouneed an inter- fire mites undeigroui 
n ation al competition to design which appears to have bet 

Miss Mercouri with a model of the site for a new £13 raillioa 
museum to house the treasures of the Acropolis. 

a new archaeological museum 
at the base of the Acropofis, 
where rite is “certain** tin 
Elgin Marbles will be dis- 
played ooe day. 

The forme? actress, who has 
fought for the return of foe 
Parthenon relics from the 
British Museum for tin past 
five years, said the com- 
petition mu to plan a £13 
nuOkra mastimi to be (writ by 

Artefacts from the fifth- 
ceatoryBC Parthenon and 
other Acropolis ra onamff* , 
including filin' of the caryatid 
maidens on foe Eredttheam, 
are now housed in a crowded 
basement museum on foe 
south-east corner of the ME. 
Hundreds of other relics are to 
storage became of a lack of 
display space. 

Mites Mercouri said the new 
museum “will assist oar cru- 
sade to bring the Parthenon 
mar Wes home. Everyone win 
see that we hare a fitting home 
for them. 1 am certain the 
marbles from the Parthenon 
will come back and be shel- 
tered there.” 

A year ago Britain rejected 
an appeal by Athens to return 
more than a dozen marble 
figures and a section of foe 
Parthenon frieze removed in 
the early 1800s by Thomas 
Brace, the seventh Earl of 

to Ottoman Turkey. 

in dispute 
set fire to 
gold mine 

From Michael Hornsby 

Firemen were last night 
battling to control a gold mute 
fire 1% mites underground 
which appears to have bees 
deliberately started by black 
miners in dispute with the 
owner, Gokl Fields, over a pay 

It was delected in the Kloof 
mine last Monday and a 
second blaze broke out later. 
“The cause of the first fire, 
which was extinguished, was 
definitely sabotage and there 
is a strong possibility foal foe 
second was also started 
deliberately, n Mr Keith Spen- 
cer, the mine manager, said. 

The affected area has bad to 
be sealed offbefore flooding it, 

a process which could take a 
week. About 20 per cent of the 
mine, which normally pro- 
duces gold worth about R2 
million (£623,000) a day. is 
out of production. 

If araon is proved, it would 
be one of foe few known cases 
of sabotage being used by 
miners as a weapon in a 
dispute with mine manage- 

• CANBERRA: Australia 
will stop issuing visitor and 
temporary entry visas within 
South Africa from today, foe 
Immigration Minister, Mr 
Chris Hurford, said (Reuter 

Intending visitors win have 
to apply for visas outside the 
country although Australian 
offices in South Africa will 
continue to handle applica- 
tions for permanent residence. 

Why vvoHcahofics seldom get to the top. 

Youth and Sports m .foe rov summon™ many 
U oiled Arab &niraiss said: ent ^randiMstm 
“Dubai and the Olympic meeung. of ms projected 
orSng annStme^- World Ctamdmaster l**pe. 

Is he working his way to the top? 
Or not on top of his work? 

This is a true story 

. One company; we know employed a man who worked very hard every 
day long after everybody else had gone home and often at weekends as well. 

His job wasn't particularly important or well paid. But everybody marvelled 
at how long and painstakingly he laboured 

At 9 o'clock one night, a few years before he was due to retire, he went to 
collect some more paper from the stationery store. On the way, he had a heart 
attack in the lift. 

Nobody was there to tend him. They'd all gone home. So he died. 

His basses feltguilfy. Had they been overworking him, Ihey wondered. 

So they gave someone else the job to do and watched carefully to see 
how he fared. 

The new man found he could do the entire job in two days a week. 

Workaholics, it seems, do not work for success or riches. 

They don't work to achieve anything. 

For them, work is an end in itself. If anything, they work to create more work. 

True, you may say, but what has this to do with InterGty. (We assume you've 
spotted the logo at the bottom of this page.) 

Next time you're on the motorway, look at the business folk in their cars. 

What are they accomplishing? 


They are achieving nothing more than covering the miles to Liverpool, 
London, Birmingham or wherever. And they are fuming it into hard work. 

Look at their faces. Do they look as though they're enjoying if? 

When they get to the other end, they will be tired. So they will Have the 
comforting feeling that they have done a day's work and earned their money, 
before they even reach their meetings. 

Now look atthe people covering the same journey on InterCriy 

These people are shirking. 

. They are reading magazines, doing crosswords, playing chess, thinking, 
eating meat, studying reports, formulating their strategy, snoozing, daydreaming. 
Heaven help us,some of them are drinking alcohol. 

Most of all,they are having a nice time. 

Is this any way for go-ahead executives to conductfhemselves? 

It certainly is. 

They arrive at their meetings with fresher, clearer minds. They are probably 
more alert and certainly lesstired. Quite simply, the/re in a fitter state to do business. 

What's more, they get to their meetings at up to 125 miles an hour 

, Sometimes the way to the top is to do less work. ^Intercity 

?b£S-'? rt VSUUP niTVMK ia3S„> 




Bangladeshi officers in the wings 

Ersliad treads warily to 
maintain army’s role 
in civilian government 

The influence that the 
Bangladeshi Army has over 
the Government, which is 
now civilian, is likely to find 
some institutional form. If 
not, the ambitious young offi- 
cers who have become used to 
running the country in the 
past A'k years, may well begin 
plotting again. 

At present. President Er- 
shad has restored a constitu- 
tion which provides for a 
strong President and is still 
ruling with an authoritarian 

He needs the army, how- 
ever, and is at pains to show 
that although he may have 
officially retired as Chief of 
Army Staff he is still the 
Commander-i n-Chief. 

Invitations to the Army 
Day celebrations yesterday, 
which have usually been given 
in the Chier of Staff's name, 
this year went out in that of 
the C-in-Cs. 

He still lives inside the 
cantonment, in the Chief of 
Staffs bungalow, and still 
drives the Chief of Staffs car. 
At an artillery passing-out 
parade last week be turned up 
in full military uniform. 

But the other military, na- 
val and air force chiefs, who 
shared power and status with 
him until martial law ended 
10 days ago as deputy chief of 
martial law administrators, 
have been relegated to the 

When General Ershad sei- 
zed power in March 1982 he 
did so, he said, to ensure a 
continuing role for the armed 
forces in running the country. 
He now has to fulfil that 

From Michael Hamlyn, D jzaka 

Senior political figures in- 
dicated that he is likely soon 
to bring forward new warrants 
of precedence that will return 
the military chiefs into the 
front row on public occasions. 

More than that he is ex- 
pected to create a national 
security council which will 
give them some offical pos- 
ition as advisers to the 


It also seems likely that the 
military presence oh other 
advisory committees and 
commissions, which has not 
been altered since the end of 
martial law. will continue. 

There is also a rumour in 
political circles that he intends 
to establish a district admin- 
istration to oversee local 
development in which com- 
mittees of district MPs will be 
under the chairmanship of a 
military commander. 

Opposition figures continue 
to believe that President 
Ersrtad's position is still not 
secure. They point out that 
General Ziaur Rahman, who 
also came to power in a coup 
and made his rule civilian 
after four years, lasted only a 
few months until he was killed 
in a coup attempt by dissident 

The opposition also hopes 
to make capital on such 
military dissatisfaction as 

“If we can arrange mass 
demonstrations — if, for 
example, we could have two 
million people outside Par- 
liament," a leading theo- 
retician of the Awami League 
said, “then we might convince 
the army that it should not 
continue to support Ershad in 

confrontation with its own 
people — in which case he 
would have to resign and new 
elections could be called.” 

In pursuit of this kind of 
aim the Awami League, led by 
Sheikh Hasina Wazed, daugh- 
ter of the assassinated founder 
of the country. Sheikh Mujib- 
ur Rahman, proposes to keep 
up its pressure on the Govern- 
ment both in the streets and — 
since martial law has now 
been lifted — in Parliament 

The Awami League is also 
going to take part in the 30 or 
so by-elections to the sub- 
district councils on December 
8. By boycotting the previous 
local government polls, they 
allowed control of these valu- 
able new councils, created by 
General Ershad, to pass into 
their opponents' hands. 

“They may have withdrawn 
martial law, but they are still 
in power.** Sheikh Hasina 
complained in her dark party 
office decorated with photo- 
graphs of her father; 

“They are now trying to 
militarize democracy. But the 
mass of the people does not 
accept Genera] Ershad. By 
organizing our party and by 
mobilizing the people, we 
shall force him to quit." 

While Sheikh Hasina agrees 
that Bangladesh needs stabil- 
ity and not a continuing 
agitation, she insists that 
President Ershad cannot ma- 
intain a stahle regime. 

Her party organizers point 
out that by his recent heavy- 
handed actions against stu- 
dents and workers, he is 
storing up further trouble. 

Mourners in Manila following a truck bearing the coffins of Mr Olalia, the murdered left-wing labour leader, and his driver. 

Philippine rebels reject 
deadline for ceasefire 

From Keith Dalton, Manila 

Thousands of mourners yes- 
terday joined the funeral pro- 
cession for Mr Rolando 
Olalia, the labour leader 
whose murder, blamed by 
supporters on military agents, 
has halted peace talks to end 
the 17-year communist in- 

Mr Satur Ocampo and Mr 
Antonio ZumeL the com- 
munist negotiators, joined the 
biggest rally since the Feb- 
ruary People’s Power revolt 
swept President Aquino to 
power, and said that her 
deadline for a ceasefire by the 
end of the month was 

Mr Ocampo said the dead- 
line, announced on Wednes- 
day, cannot he met and peace 
talks will not resume until the 
eight-month-old Government 
stabilizes and Mrs Aquino 
shows that she is in control of 
the military. 

“As long as the situation 

does not normalize, especially 
if the Government cannot as- 
sure itself that it has control of 
the armed forces, it is difficult 
to reach an accord,'* Mr 
Ocampo said. 

Mr Ocampo and Mr Zmnet 
marched behind an open truck 
bearing Mr Olalia's coffin. 

Thousands of people lined 
the streets to watch or join the 

Mr Olalia's supporters 
blamed a military diqoe of Mr 
Joan Ponce Emile, the former 
Defence Minister, for the mur- 
der last week of Mr Olalia and 
his driver, which led the rebels 
to break off discussions on a 
nearly completed ceasefire 

• BERNE: The Swiss Gov- 
ernment yesterday said it had 
declared Mr Ferdinand Mar- 
cos, the former President of 
the Philippines, and 12 mem- 
bers of his family and entou- 
rage to be personae non gratae 
(Renter reports). 

Pope denounces state 
aid for birth control 

Singapore (Reuter) — The 
Pope attacked government 
birth-control programmes, 
such as those promoted here 
until recently, during his five- 
hour stopover yesterday m 
this wealthy Asian island- 

At a Mass in a sports 
stadium in Singapore, the 
second stop of his six-nation 
tour of Asia and the South 
Pacific, the Pope declared that 
the Church supported couples 
who “strive to exercise 
responsibly their fundamental 
rights to form families”. 

Densely populated Singa- 
pore is planning to relax tough 
financial disincentives im- 
posed on couples who have 
more than two children. Abor- 
tion on demand is legal here. 

The Government of Mr Lee 
Kuan Yew — alarmed by 
rising numbers of old people, 
reluctance among educated 
women to bear children and 
the prospect of a declining 
population by the year 2020 — 

has said it is looking at 
incentives for women to have 
up to four children. 

About 60,000 people, shel- 
tering under a sea of multi- 
coloured umbrellas, braved 
torrential monsoon rain and 
lightning to attend the Mass. 

The Pope told them that 
parents must be able “to bear 
and rear their children with- 
out any type of coercion or 

In a reference to the 
Vatican's ban on all artificial 
birth controls, the Pope said 
couples should “rely on mor- 
ally licit” methods of family 

Some 10 per ■ cent of 
Singapore’s 2.5 milli on people 
are Christians, about half of 
them Roman Catholics. 

The Pope arrived earlier 
from Bangladesh, whose ex- 
treme poverty contrasted 
sharply with Singapore's pros- 
perity. As in predominantly 
Muslim Bangladesh, the 
Pope's reception was low-key. 

Herzog in 
visit to 
Sri Lanka , 

Colombo (Reuter) - Presi- 
dent Herzog of Israel met 
president Jayewardene of Sri 
lanka yesterday during a 
surprise six-hour visit to Sri 
Lanka at the end of his lour of 
Asia and the Pacific. 

A Sri Lankan official said 
they met at President Jayewar- 
dene's official residence dur- 
ing the Israeli President’s 
short stopover, but he de- 
clined to give details. 

Officials said President 
Herzog arrived at 1 1 am and 
was flown by helicopter to 
meet President Jayewardene. 

President Herzog left Sri 
Jflpka to return to Israel at 4 
5.15 pm. The visit had not 
been announced and there was 
no government statement. 

Sri Lanka broke diplomatic 
ties with Israel in 1970, three 
years after the 1967 Middle 
Faa war. Fourteen years later 
Israel was allowed to open an 
interest section at the Ameri- 
can Embassy here, a move 
criticized by the^ Opposition 
and the island's minority 
Muslim community. 

An official said President 
Herzog and his 80-member 
delegation were met at the air- 
port by the National Security 
Minister. Mr Lalith Athulath- 

Colombo newspapers have 
reported that Sri Lanka has 
purchased arms and gunboats 
from Israel but officials have 
declined to comment. 

Mr Lakshman Jayakodv, an 
opposition member of Parlia- 
ment, on Wednesday asked 
the Government if President 
Herzog would stop in Sri 
tanka on his way home from 
his 19 l -day tour of Australia, 

New Zealand, Fiji Tonga, 
Hong Kong and Singapore. 

The question was not ans- 
wered because the Foreign 
Minister and his deputy were 
not in the House. 



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From Richard 

In his final press conference 
before Sunday's general elec- 
tion, the Austrian Chancellor, 
Dr Franz Vranitzky, ex- 
pressed quiet confidence in his 
Socialist Party’s ability to win 
a majority. 

But Dr Vranitzky's op- 
timism is not shared by many 
ofhis colleagues. Several of his 
ministers privately see the 
Socialists' fate as becoming 
the country's opposition party 
-for the first time in 16 years. 

Ironically, there are many in 
the Socialist Party who would 
see this as a positive move. 
The party desperately needs to 
renew itself, its ideology is at 
present ill-equipped to cope 
with a country which has one 
of the highest standards of 
living in Europe. Years of 
holding power have bred com- 
placency and lethargy which a 
spell in opposition might 

Some on the left wing of the 
Socialist Party hope that the 
next government will be a 
coalition between Dr Alois 
Mock's conservative People's 
Party and Herr Jorg Haider's 
right-wing Freedom Party. 

After attempting to govern 
Austria for the past four years 
with the Freedom Party, the 
Socialists are aware of all the 
problems that party's nation- 
alist elements will present for 
Austria's image abroad. 

It was partly for this reason 
that Dr Vranitzky dissolved 
the coalition after the Free- 
dom Party elected Herr 
Haider as its leader. 

The prospect of a govern- 
ment including the maverick 
Herr Haider as Vice-Chan- 

Rassett, Vienna 
celJor and an inexperienced 
Dr Mock as Chancellor is not 
too unpleasant a thought for 
some Socialists. 

They will eagerly sit back 
and watch what promises to 
be an interesting new vari- 
ation in what is dubbed by 
Vienna p^)ers as the Punch 
and Judy show of Austrian 
coalition politics. 

“It will be culturally disas- 
trous for Austria, but politi- 
cally less catastrophic with a 
strong party in opposition,” 
i one Socialist minister ob- 
served earlier this week. 

If, as many speculate, Herr 
Haider continues to provoke 
fears abroad that his Freedom 
Party is becoming dominated 
by German nationalists, the 
People’s Party may feel 
obliged to jettison its partner 
and call new elections within 
18 months. 

Dr Vranitzky. however, 
may be asked to step down if 
his party loses too many seats 

i ' 

Dr Vnutilsky: opt imisti c of 
an election majority 



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• And they said, Go to Jet osbiiild • 
a city and a; towers. whose .top -may 
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And the. Lord said.Behoid, the 
people is one,and they have all one 
language. .. And now nothing will 
he .restrained from them; which- 
they have imagined todo.Let us go 
down, and there confound their., 
language,: that . Ihey iiiay hot 
understand one another. . . . . 

envois U.I4I 

So He gave ns, amongst other 
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Just how much potential is 
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ho computer in the. world can 
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Celebrations of freedom won by outrage 


One sobering lesson suggested 
by This Week (Thames) was 
that, if yon must conduct illicit 
arm* ripulq in swanky hotels, 
check out the wallpaper first: 
there will probably be a video 
camera. Another was that you 
should never trust a do uble 
agent: be will probably turn 
out to be a triple agent 


This extraordinary edition 
was in the pipeline some weeks 
before the recent revelations 
about President Reagan's 
born-again friendliness to the 
ayatollahs, and its impressive 
evidence of venal duplicity was 
well timed to cause maxi m u m 
embarrassment to more than 
one government Ten conspir- 
ators, including an Israeli war 
hero and Adrian Kashoggi's 
lawyer, are now nnder indict- 
ment for attempting to supply 
Iran with old American hard- 
ware, and the central figure in 
the “sting” operation that 
netted them has died. 

Confronted with the U.S. 
Customs' foggy video, the 
genial merchants tried on the 
postures of schoolboy inno- 
cence. But sir, die prefects said 
we could smoke during chapel. 
The awkward thing is that 
they may be telling the truth. 

Forty Minutes (BBC2) weig- 
hed in with a brisk, often 
funny rummage through The 
Englishwoman ’s Wardrobe — a 
colour-sup idea which the 
reporter Angela Huth ex- 
panded into a memorable piece 
of television. “Hopefully one 
doesn't look ridiculous” hoped 
Lady Rothermere. looking like 
a boiled sweet done up with 
ribbons. “If we take her to 
Watford, it's got to be dark” 
gloomed the father of an obese 
teenage rebel who might per- 
haps find work with Fellini.! 
“You're throwing my new i 
wellies” wailed a “sensibly” ; 
dressed countrywoman at a 
garden fete with a contest for 
hurling the boots in question. 
“1 only bought them last 

A rather frightening film 
producer was shown pumping 
iron before stepping into a big 
black number that showed off 
her rear cleavage, while the 
editing of Mrs Thatcher's 
eager contribution made ^ it 
look as if she might be trying 
to sell something. 

On the same channel, the 
sainted Phil Silvers returned 
for a new season of peerless 
repeats. If Bilko were still in 
harness today, he would 
doubtless be Dogging spare 
Sky hawks to Iran. 

Martin Cropper 

S hortly before his death in 
Paris in 1966 Andie 
Breton, the animator of the 
Surrealist movement was 
visited on his sick-bed by 
his old friend, the Spanish film 
director Luis Bunuel. Later that 
same day, Bunuel told me that 
Breton's parting words had been 
“Dear friend, no one is scandalized 
any more”. Of the three Spanish 
artists being presented by the BBC 
tonight, and on the next two 
Fridays, only Dali persisted in 
presuming that society could be 
scandalized by the artist. 

Yet all three, in one way or 
another, were children of scandal. 
Bunuel, the Jesuit schoolboy, 
flashed his way on to the world’s 
screens, cutting eyeballs with ra- 
zors and hurling, as Henry Miller 
said of him, dynamite sticks. He 
was repaid with inkpots thrown by 
fascist brigades at showings of his 
early films. Lorca's scandal was of a 
quieter kind: a woman dressed in 
black gives fervent thanks that her 
daughrer died a virgin. 

They stopped. Or were stopped. 
An artist is as great as the obstacles 
that he or she is unable to 
surmount. Lorca, who had made 
poetry and theatre out of his life, 
was stopped by the greatest scandal 
of all, death, on August 19, 1936, in 
Granada. Accompanied by a 
schoolmaster, two bullfighters and 
a couple of thieves, he was exe- 
cuted by the para-military fascist 
organization called The Black 

Bunuel was stopped by history, 
including the history that mur- 
dered his friend Lorca. How could 
one follow Breton's instructions for 
the perfect Surrealist act — go out 
into the streets and shoot in- 
discriminately at the crowd - when 
this was actually being done by 
Hitler and Stalin? No aesthetics! 
scandal could top the historical 
scandal of Auschwitz and the 
Gulag. Bunuel's greatness con- 
sisted in going beyond the sur- 
realist scandal to the scandal of 
history: we are the authors of 

Tonight Arena (BBC2) commences a series 
of programmes on three of the great Spanish 
artists of the century, Bunuel, Dali and 
Lorca. Carlos Fuentes, leading Hispanic 
writer and currently visiting professor at 
Cambridge University, assesses the influence 
of these “children of scandal” 

Salvador Dali (left), in 
characteristic pose, “the principal IgF 
purveyor of Surrealism as decor, * ■ 
advertisement, commerce”; , 

Federico Garcia Lorca, depicted on 
a postage stamp issued in the 
Republican Zone in 1938, who 
“had no time to enter the 
consumer’s society”; 

and a 1927 cartoon of Lois Bnfinel, 
“who entered it to tell ns that it 
was not the best of all possible 

history, yet we are also its victims. 

The wonderful images of Los 
Oh' i dados — the dreaming slum- 
children of Mexico, the corruption 
of poverty — and The Discreet 
Charm of the Bourgeoisie — the 
nightmares of French cuisine, the 
rich as the needy — of Robinson 
Crusoe — a lonely man on an 
island, having to decide whether 
his native companion is to be a 
slave or a friend — and The 
Exterminating Angel - the terrible 
fear, both ageless and all too 
contemporary, of being either 
imprisoned or abandoned outside 
— form an unrivaled corpus of 
critical commentary in the cinema. 
They are also, 1 believe, one of the 

greatest 20th-century statements 
about the breadth and limit of 
freedom attainable through the 

Surrealism flooded the 20th 
century with images we had forgot- 
ten. dreamt about, or discovered 
thanks to a new material world of 
motion and comfort. Dali, whose 
writings on critical paranoia and 
paintings of melting watches and 
sub-lunar landscapes became part 
of the aesthetical canon of the 
times, was the principal purveyor 
of Surrealism as decor, advertise- 
ment, commerce. 

The scandalous discoveries of 
the Twenties and Thirties are now 
with us everywhere: in television 

commercials, industrial design, 
film editing techniques and Fifth 

film editing techniques and Fifth 
Avenue displays. Lorca had no 
time to enter the consumer’s 
society. His death occurred against 
the native grey wall in rural 
Andalucia. Bunuel entered it to tell 
us that it was not the best of all pos- 
sible worlds. 

Catholic, royalist, a marquis, deco- 
rated with sundry monarchical 
orders. Perhaps he was the most 
courageous of all: he courted the 

D ali, a perverse Pangloss, 
promoted it and his 
place in it, reaping its 
rewards, fashioning a 
universe of celebrity 
and entertainment which has now 
become the shining shadow of our 
own deaths. Dali's homage to 
scandal was to become all that he 
had decried as a young Surrealist: 

These three men were early 
friends and companions. One died 
young, the others lived into their 
eighties. They are alive, as artists, 
to a world-wide audience. Yet their 
originality, along with their youth- 
ftil friendship, is deeply rooted in 
Spain. In Spain all three of them 
found the images, the latent 
universal meanings that the mod- 
ern world had forgotten. They drew 
from the picaresque novel, Cfervan- 
tes and Velazquez, the equally 
scandalous Quevedo and the mys- 

tic St Teresa and, of course, from 
both the popular light and the black 
bitterness of Goya. No illusions 
here, but a lot of hope: this was 
their paradox. Or as another, all- 
t oo-central -European eccentric, 
Franz Kafka, once put it. “there 
shall be much hope, but not for 

Dali. Bunuel and Lorca also 
announced the loss of centrality of 
traditional European culture. It is 
not surprising that Spain, for a long 
time the finis terra of Europe, 
should have given the world these 
three central eccentrics. Dali, 
Bunuel and Lorca tell us that all 
cultures, having become eccentric, 
have now alsti become central. 

Down an alleyway in Shore- 
ditch are flat-fecaded ware- 
houses. The air resounds with 
cockney shouts as consign- 
ments of clothing fabric are 
wheeled out; spike-haired 
Eliza Doolittles hum pop 
tunes as they pass by on their 
bicycles. Number 44 looks like 
the home of just another 
craftsman, what with the row 
of baskets hanging in the first- 
floor window and the word 
“Cooper" at the door. 

But the Cooper in question 
is a craftsman of a different 
kind. He is the writer Century 
Hutchinson are hailing as “a 
major new British novelist” 
for his book Ruth, just pub- 
lished. The tall man who 
opens the door has the most 
noncommital of costumes — 
black jersey, blue jeans - and 
leads the way up a Jacob's 
ladder of a staircase, two 
flights sheer up, to a home fit 
for an evangelist, furnished in 
towering 19th-century Gothic 

But why the baskets that 
give the lie to the word 
Cooper? “Oh they belong to 
my downstairs tenant Mrs 

Purely on the strength of his first book^ Ruth, which has only just 
been published, Jeremy Cooper (right) is already being hailed as “a 
major British novelist”: interview by Sarah Jane Checkland 

Craftsman with a difference 

Charles Graharae, purveyor of 
lingerie and late day wear, 
whatever that is, to the Queen 
Mother and Princess Diana. I 
hate baskets, and plan to ban 
such things in the window 
when the next lease comes 
up.” Jeremy Cooper’s in- 
transigence in matters of taste 
is in fact justified, as be 
successfully completed no 
fewer than three antique-re- 
lated careers before turning 
novelist, aged 37, in 1983. 
Until 1 977 he was a director of 
Sotheby’s and tipped to suc- 
ceed the chairman, Peter Wil- 
son; he was hailed as the new 
Arthur Negus on the Antiques 
Roadshow. He has written five 
books on antiques and how 
the trade operates. 

But Cooper has now plotted 
to upstage both Mrs Gra- 
hame’s aesthetic sense and her 

feminine sensibilities. Less the 
agony aunt than the monk in 
retreat, he spent one intensive 
year, ten hours a day, seven 
days a week, writing the life- 
story of a suicidal young 

Cooper’s heroine is a plain 
woman, pushing 30, a drop- 
out among Yuppies, living in 
virtual solitude with her wid- 
owed mother. Her obsessions 
and fantasies are her main 
companions, focusing as they 
do on her dead father, God 
and the boyfriend who mar- 
ries another. Cooper has based 
his book around a girl, now 
dead, he once knew: Jane 
Urquhart, who was also the 
artist responsible for the 
haunting dust-jacket picture 
of two Edwardian dolls 
trapped in a crumbling card- 
board box. 

The feet that the story is in 
part reportage makes his 
achievement no less remark- 
able, as in a skilfully faltering 
stream of consciousness he 
has succeeded in conveying a 
sense of obsessive repetition 
while avoiding monotony. He 
also leaves open the ultimate 
question — whether the hero- 
ine is physically or mentally 
ifl, or neither. She constantly 
debates her symptoms with 
herself but, as her doctor says 
in Chapter 2, “there is nothing 
inherently wrong with you”. 
Cooper is gratified at the 
number of people who read 
the manuscript and say “You 
must know...” It means 
that, with Ruth, he has hit a 

Perhaps his mission was 
made possible by the affinities 
between the Ruth character’s 

And so, when Ruth's doctor 
says “You've got to find your 
[dace in the story before you 
can hope to make sense of the 
plot”, it could well double for 
the author’s predicament too. 

Writing did not come easily. 
Cooper cannot spell, and de- 
scribes his literary skills as 
“marginal”. Sometimes he 
only writes two or three 
hundred words a day. But his 
personal struggle does have its 
own dividends. The text never 
slackens into the glib delivery 
of the virtuoso; like Ruth 
herself he sees things visually. 

the 24-year-old editor at Cen- 
tury Hutchinson and radical 
feminist. Convinced of its 
merits, she passed it on to a 
reader who announced that 
the only other male author to 
have entered so successfully 
an ill woman's mind was 
Patrick White. 

Soon she was encouraging 
m through the fine tuning of 

experience and his own, both 
being that of self-imposed 
solitude. Having been a 
schoolboy star at Harrow, he 
rebelled and was sacked; he 
resigned from Sotheby’s at the 
most propitious time in his 
career, more recently he left 
his wife. “Life doesn't nor- 
mally have such self-inflicted 
change. I am not proud of it” 

When the task of writing 
was over, another, that of 
finding a publisher, began. 
Faber kept the manuscript for 
eight months only to return it 
with a note asking for a 
rewrite. He gained little 
consolation from friends who 
expressed confidence that he 
would eventually succeed, as 
“they assumed I had written a 
Jeffrey Archer-style novel 
something with that son of 
appeal”. Fortune changed, 
however, when the manu- 
script was read by Kate Mosse, 

him through the fine tuning of 
Ruth. There were no com- 
plaints about most scenes, 
even those of a feminine, 
sexual nature. Kate Mosse 
did, however, raise a practical 
query as to the fete of Ruth's 
knickers in her solitary 
bacchanalian revelry in the 
garden. Cooper had caused 
Ruth to cast them off in a 
moment of abandonment, and 
walk on down the path. “But 
you can’t just write that”, 
explained the editor, "every- 
one will want to know where 
they landed.” Together, and 
without the assistance of Mrs 
Graham e, lingerie expert. 
Cooper and his editor decided 
their fete. 






• Ruth is published by Cen- 
tury Hutchinson at £9.95. 



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u Killing Jessica 

r Savoy 

According -to its director, 
Bryan Forties, this adapted 
tdevisienthriUw by Richard 
Levinson and Wmfem link is 
"eatfy . as good u The 
MmtnfT, l took this as a 
reference to Ag£t& Christie's 

long rawer; tat, after scene 
the show; it- seems he mean 
die whodwiait. tiiat Hamlet 
laid on-ftr toe King of Den- 
(nark (apd which dosed on the 

’s tumult 



within a play within a play. If 
yon add toe Savoy audience 
(London's closest approadraa- 
tioii to toe Broadway clien- 
tele), that supplies yet another 
theatrical' dimension. 

The piece is most carefully 
addressed to the taste of 44th 
Street theatre bulls: people 

Cannons Swiss Centre, 
Baker Street 

Greed : 

London Film Festival 
(Queen Elizabeth Hall) 

AngeIos( 18 ) 

Cannons Piccadilly, Swiss 

Psycho 01 ( 18 ) 

Cannon Haymarket 




OS t 


./>■'» >1..- r 

information, who know 
names of leading producers 
and toe ghastly ritual of first- 
night reviews, and who judge 
productions on the Variety 
criterion' of whether they are 
their investment 

Forbes’s company, who rive a 
faithful performance of haw 
k theatre people are supposed to 
w behave. Nobody, but of aO 
the suave playwright, comes 
out with any rabbish abort art. 
The talk is of hits, flops and 
backers; and of ratted celeb- 
rities who stampede for the 
exit when the had notices 
arrive, turning their carriages 
Into pumpkins. And, of coarse, 
of professional states. The 
kilter tarns ont not to have 
been motivated by greed or 
hot, only by thwarted am- 
bition. The crime is an act of 
revenge against those who get 
their names up in lights by 
somebody who is never going 
to make it On its own arid 
ground, the pfary is entirely 

Having so for evaded the 
thankless task of outfitting a 
plot with both hands tied 
behind my back, I can disclose 
that it reroutes the members of 
the company a year after the 
collapse of Alex’s play on the 
eve of Us wedding to toe 
leading lady. He is of toe 
opinion that, tor from faffing 
from the window of her apart- 
ment, she was patedi ted, 
under toe pretext of havfog a 
new pby in the piprime, ' he 
invites the company- ‘to a 
rehearsed pidhg The au- 
thors have an explanation foe 
that, and for every- ether 
apparent implavsibflity. It is a 
well-constructed piece: hot 
particularly thrfllhifo . brt ifl 
holds the attention. 

Its quafity b exactly in key 
with the style of Patrick 
-Macrae, who brings Us 

“Americanised view of the Eng- 
lish gentleman to bear mi toe 
pla y w ig h t abaft. Otherwise, 
there are reliable support 
. performances from Us Rob- 
ertson, Jennie Linden and 
David Lnngton. 

Irving Wardle 

T here is a due to the attrac- 
tion . of Alain Cavalier’s 
TMrtse in the director’s 
statement that be wanted 
'‘to get away from tire mass 
of images and sound with which I am 
bombarded every day”. The baregrey 
backgrounds, the uncluttered sets, the 
warm but muted browns and sepia 
and pate flesh colours of the photog- 
raphy* the camera that lingers pa- 
tiently to observe a fece or a small 
private movement — everything con- 
veys an immediate senseof that 
toothing calm which every one of us 
imagines as the rcwanl of a monastic ' 

The film is a free interpretation of 
the life and death of St TMrtse of 
Lisieux, a young Carmetite nun who 
died of tuberculosis at the age of 24, 
in 1897, and was canonized in 1925, 
Her dirty. The Story of a Soul, was 
published after her death and was 
evidently the major inspiration for 
Cavalier’s portrait of Tbertse as a 
devout, cheerful, simple and gently 
wflfhl girL The wilfulness first ap- 
pears when she disobeys all the rules r 
to address toe Pope directly, appeal- 
ing to him to overrule the ’Carmelites 
who refuse to take her into dm order 
at the tender age of IS. Persistence 

The charm and toe pathos of 
Thertse and her sprritnal asters is 
that they are so vtooUy and foUihfy 
human. Brides ofQuist they may be, . 
but they are as vulnerable, to toe 
weaknesses of , vanity, prejudice, 
meanness, envy, de sir e and silliness 
as anyone aw- Their unsdfcons- 
rious, unguarded emotions can be 
disquieting. Thrtfise’s love-affair with 
Christ sometimes seam dangerously 
Hire an -adolescent's crush; and there . 
is a; djstrafring moment when- the. • 
frustrated instincts, of these 

secluded women are 5uddenly re- 
leas^d with violence as they play with . , 
diitosbedcstodrilasifitwaesreal; '• 
- aidtog ' dfld. 

- The first impression of the wortc (it ; 
was origmaBy toown at the Cannes ' - 
Festival, where it received toe Jury j 
Prize) is ofabezugn, devout affectum 
on toe put . of ChvaKer. At second 
viewing his attitude — wilh its stress 
on. toe fetishism ami. merciless self- 
mortification — seems much more 

IrrepresslUy beatific Catoerine Moodbefs escQidsite playing in toe titienrole rt 72^nfoe 

ambiguous. His feeling for Th£r£se 
herself, however, is nnmtalififtH, Tb e 
sweet, obsessive, lively, incomrptibly 
good child is exquisitely played by a 
first-time film actress, Catherine 
Mouchet Her irrepressible, beatific 
' sznile convinces toe spectator, like 

- those around her in the fim, that she 
isreafly possessed by pure spiritual 

. Jqy and goodwill that cannot be 
dimmed even fay the extremities of 
. mortal disease. 

In his. 1924 masterpiece Greed, 
Erich von Stroheim set out to adapt 
Frank Norris's sprawling realist novel 
McTeague page by page, emulating 
tire stark realism of the ori ginal In 
this way he ended up with a film of 
oyer ten boors, which he then 
struggled to cut down to five: When, 
that version proved unacceptable to 
the company, Metro-Goldwyn, be 
handed it over to a friend, the Irish- 
born director Rex Ingram i who cut it 
-• by a further third. At this point tire 
company took the film out of his 
hands and reduced it to 12 reels - 
(about 150 minmesX the 

. gaps in the story with explanatory 

: h is this version which can be seen 
tomorrow and on Sunday as the 1 986 
“Thames Silents" presentation at the 
London F2m Festival, lire longer - 
versions have vanished, though the 
search for them continues to lure film - 
scholarshie agrmLAsightingof 
“The Stroheim version” is rumoured 
eftxy few years, rather fike the Lodi - 
Ness Monster, but so fornone of tire 

- reports has been substantiated • - 

’ Even in its mutilated form (the 
actual print quality is excellent) Greed 
rcmains.remaricable, a vindication of 
toe status of the silent film as an 
autonomous art. Stroheim's realism, 
not just in tire mise-en-sc&ne but in 
tire psychology of his .characters, was • 
too much for many of his contem- . 

poraries, accustomed to soothing 
sentiment and happy ends. A trade 
reviewer of the time called it “the 
filthiest, vilest, most putrid picture in 
the history of tire motion picture 

The film is set in the depressed 
-German immigrant quarter of 
Francisco. It is a case-history of the 
degeneration of a married couple, 
McTeague, who practises without 
qualifications as a df^ti^ anH hit 
German wife Trina, whose sexual 
frigidity eventually finds a release in 
psychotic miserliness. After the mad- 
dened McTeague murders Trina and 
makes off with her hoard, be is trailed 
to Death Valley by a former rival for 
her affection and fortune. There tire 
film ends with a famous sequence of 
toe two men, handcuffed together, 
one dead and the other dying of thirst, 
the useless gold quit on the sand 
beside ;• 

S troheim insisted on shooting 
everything on real locations: 
the streets and bars of Twen- 
ties San Francisco, the sewer 
on tire dty outskirts where tire 
lovers have their first meeting, and 
Death Valley, at 140 degrees in the 
shade — but there was no shade. A 
cook died from toe heal during the 
shooting, yet Stroheim got stoat he 
wanted: tire sense of the HU mg sun is 
■etili : painffal* in 60-year-old 

mages.- .■ •; r ** 

Music was nn- integral element of 
tire wordless cinema it- was never 
truly silent - r and Carl Davis’s 
orchestral score, first heard at the 
Edinburgh" Festival, intelligently 
complements tire *m«g*c and height- 
ens the powerful emotional effect. 

Angelos is a carious film to came 
from Greece, where -not so long ago 
they banned Ron Peck's innocent 
Nighthawks. It tells tire tate of a 
handsome, hapless . lad from a 

wretched home, who moves into a 
love-nest with a young marine. In no 
time at all his friend forces him to 
earn their keep, working as a 
transvestite prostitute. Predictably it 
all ends in bloody tragedy. 

This is a startling view of the 
macho Greek, suggesting that even 
married men like a little homosexual- 
ity on the side, as long as, for 
appearance's sake, it comes in skirts. 
The writer-director George 
Katakouzinos is undoubtedly in ear- 
nest, wanting to strike a blow for a 
more liberated view of sexuality: tire 
best scene in fact is the opening, 
showing a police swoop on homosex- 
uals in a public park. Unfortunately 
he is not well served by his actor, 
Michael Maniaris, who has only a 
single expression, and is no more 
alluring m drag than Old Mother 
Riley. Angelos won awards for best 
film, best actor and best script at tire 
Greek Film Festival in Thessalonika 
in 1984. It must have been a bad year. 

There is mare transvestism in 
Psycho HL To make one sequel to 
Hitchcock’s Psycho seemed a poor 
idea, but it earned a lot of money at 
tire box-office. A second sequel is 
certainly a worse idea. There is a limit 
to the variations that can be played 
upon Norman Bates, his mummified 
mother and their old dark house — 
though at tire dose of this episode the 
ageing Norman (still played fay 
Anthony Perkins, who also directs tbe 
film) gives ns toe wink that he will be 
back yet again. 

There are several nasty murders, 
and to liven it lip for the cognoscenti a 
couple of scenes done as Hitchcock 
pastiche. Perkins more deliberately 
plays Norman for sympathy and with 
a degree of humour. It does not alter 
toe fea that it is very tired stuff. 

David Robinson 

• New productions of Verdi’s 
La Trmiata. and the Ravel 
double bill of L’Eqfina et les 
sortileges and L'Hetire espag- 
nole . ext included in next 
year's dyndeboome Festival, 
which runs from May 24 to 
August 22. Sir Peter Hall 
directs Trmiata — being given 

for tire first time at Glynde- 
boume—and Bernard Haitink 
conducts; the Ravel works are 
conducted by Simon Rattle, 
directed by Ftank Corsaro and 
designed by Maurice Sendak. 
Revivals of Carmen, Cosi fan 
tutte, Capricdo and Porgy and 
Bess complete tire repertoire. 




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Girl Monday 

Girl Tuesday 

Girl Wednesday. 

Girl Thursday 

Girl Friday. 

Girl Saturday. 

Gird Sunday 


yW .A 






re J 



r»Ti l 


of Renault chief 

focuses attention 

Insider scandals 

may be growing 


.M. T Jj r r r ff. TTTf 

deal with them 

each other as well as 

I n April this year, Frederic 
Oriacb walked out of a 
French jail after completing a 
five-year sentence for belong- 
ing to “an association of 
criminals”. The moment the 
prison gates closed behind him, 
Oriach came under surveillance by 
agents of the Direction de la 
S&uriie du Terri to ire, France’s 
domestic intelligence service. For 
the next six months, DST shadows 
were never far away Grom the 
young man they believed to be a 
leader of the Action Directe terror- 
ist group. 

To their surprise, Oriach made 
no attempt to go underground. 
Instead, his trail led in July to 
Damascus, where Oriach and sev- 
eral others suspected of belonging 
to Action Direct were whisked 
away by the Syrian secret service 
and installed in an hotel where they 
rarely left their rooms. Some time 
in August, they all made their way 
separately back to France by 
different routes, all of which in- 
volved passing through countries 
behind the Iron Curtain. 

In September, soon after a series 
of bombs had ripped through the 
streets of Paris, five close friends of 
Oriach were arrested in the Jardin 
du Luxembourg for being “liable to 
bring aid and assistance to 
terrorists”. There was speculation 
that Oriach himself had suddenly 
dropped out of sight, but there he 
was, preparing to deny any connec- 
tion with the bombings to journal- 
ists summoned for an open-air 
press conference. Before he could 
speak, however, several tough- 
looking characters in plain clothes 
descended on him: protesting 
loudly, he was dragged off under 
arrest. “I’m just being used as a 
scapegoat because the police are 
incapable of doing their job”, he 
managed to shout to- the pursuing 
press corps. 

Twenty-four hours later, it was 
announced that Oriach had been 
released without being charged. 
Tbe DST resumed its expensive 
and time-consuming surveillance, 
apparently without discovering 
anything that might have alerted 
the authorities to this week’s 
carefully-planned ambush and 
assassination of the Renault chair- 
man, M Georges Besse, by an 
Action Directe hit team consisting, 
it is alleged, of two women. 

Tough questions are bound to be 
asked about the effectiveness of 
France's anti-terrorist services. 
Particular attention will focus on 
the DSTs relationship with the 

Direction Generate de la Secnrfte 
Exterieure, responsible for intelli- 
gence operations outside France. 
As is the case in other Western 
nations, Britain very much in- 
cluded, rivalry between the two 
services has often bordered on 
what one insider calls “undeclared 

Two years ago, a report by the 
French Senate concluded that a 
certain “incompatibility" which 
had developed over the years was 
seriously damaging operational ef- 
ficiency. “When the DST wants to 
know something about terrorists 
abroad, it prefers to deal with 
certain foreign services than with 
its colleagues in the DGSE.” The 
long tradition of political interfer- 
ence in the French intelligence 
community, of government min- 
isters backing one faction against 
the other for their own ends, only 
exacerbated the problem. So acute 
had the jealousy and distrust 
become by the early 1980s that 
cynics claimed "la guerre des 
polices " was taking precedence 
over the war against terrorism. 

“ % ** , 

* . •. 4T, 

- - .. j./'V 


I v ■ * 

J , J. ! ! ■ 

‘An awful lot of 


-**i«*l»i* & 

*"*«W<e4*v*,r*a* 4t%. 

people are sitting 
on their backsides’ 

-v 3fc. tJfi 

tEfmomsTEs S;.. 

T o anti-terrorist specialists 
in West Germany, vet- 
erans of a long campaign 
to break the Red Army 
Faction and committed 
to passing to French intelligence 
information from the vast data 
banks accumulated at Federal pol- 
ice headquarters in Wiesbaden, 
dealings with Paris could be ex- 
tremely trying. “They often seemed 
more concerned about keeping our 
information away from the 
competition”, one official at Wies- 
baden complains. “The DST 
would insist that they were the only 
real experts on terrorism, next day 
the other service was saying exactly 
the same thing.” 

Surrounded by whirring super- 
computers in their pristine, white- 
walled offices, summoning up a 
suspect's dental records at the 
touch of a few keys, the Germans 
frequently wondered whether their 
material was being deployed to 
much effect. “1 used to imagine 
each ride trying to rip the stuff off 
the telex hotline before the other 
guys saw it.” 

Part of the problem, French 
sources concede, was that their 
security services got away to a late 
start in countering terrorism at 
home. Until the mid-1970s, both of 
the principal intelligence agencies 
were more accustomed to dealing 
with straightforward espionage, 
plus “normal” criminal activities 

Find *t |Wn- the wanted posters went np around France yesterday, offering a nriffion francs reward for the killers of Georges Besse. Two 
members of Action Directe, Nathalie Metigon, aged 29, and Joelle Aubron, 27, are sought by French police and secret services 

and the periodic bit of dirty work 
for their political masters (the DST 
became renowned for tapping 
Paririens’ phones from an anony- 
mous block near Les Invalides). 

Their first encounters with the 
sophisticated and ruthless new 
breed of international terrorist 
b eginning to plague western 
Europe came as a shock. When an 
informer provided an address in 
Paris for the notorious Carlos, alias 
“The Jackal”, three DST officers 
were diverted there en route to a 
farewell party for a colleague, to 
which they were not taking their 
guns. Carlos instantly killed two of 
them and their informer and 
seriously wounded the other. “We 
were a little naive in those days”, 
says a former DST man. “We had 
to team certain things the hard 

Today, most qualified observers 
agree that both the DST and DGSE 
have unproved significantly. For a 
start, a lot of money is going into 
the crucially important high-tech- 
nology end of counter-terrorism. 
The DSTs legendary card index 
system, which is where every hotel 
registration form in the country 
would end up, is now 

Over at the disused barracks 
where the DGSE is housed in Paris 
(known in the trade as “La Piscine” 
because of a nearby municipal 

s wimming pool), there is now a 
brisk electronic trade in intelli- 
gence with other Western services 
as the realisation spreads that 
“Euro-terrorism” and marauding 
killers from the Middle East have 
arrived in France in earnest At the 
same time, the “action” arm of the 
DGSE, to use the euphemism for 
the rougher end of its duties, is 
bring strengthened. 

Most important of all, prodded 
sharply by the incoming Prime 
Minister, M Jacques Chirac, and 
his tough Minister of die Interior, 
M Charles Pasqua, the capable 
pro fe ssionals now running both 
services accept albeit without gen- 
eral rejoicing, that the bad old days 
of cutting each other up whenever 
possible must end. There are 
persistent reports that M Chirac 
wants to have on hand a combined 
force that can take the “dirty war” 
to terrorist haunts outside France’s 
borders, above all to the source of 
so much innocent suffering, the 
Middle East 

Not all French experts on terror- 
ism are yet convinced that a new 
era has begun. Two years after the 
French Senate investigation had 
warned that the gathering of “op- 
erational information” was ex- 
tremely inadequate, they see little 
progress in the extraordinarily 
difficult but vital task of infiltrating 
the networks linking Action 

Directe with other terrorist 
organizations like the obscure but 
deadly Lebanese faction believed 
to have been behind most of the 
Paris bombings (as the Senate 
noted, only a handful of French 
intelligence agents spoke good 
Arabic: compare Israel, where they 
are common in security rirdesX 
“Information must precede 
action”, argues the old hand M 
Alexandre de Marenches, formerly 
chief of France’s secret services. 
“I'm not yet persuaded that we 
have the means today of getting at 
the right information.” 

J udging .by. some, tart 
Observations in a recent 
interview, M Chirac is no 
more an admirer of the 
present services. “They’ve 
always been infiltrated,” he told 
the Washington Times. “I don’t 
really believe in their usefulness in 

For leaders of commerce and 
industry in France, the killing of 
Georges Besse has brought home 
the belated realisation that they are 
now in the frontline of the war with 
terrorism. Take M Jacques Maison 
Rouge, once head of IBM in 
Europe, now director-general of the 
Industry Ministry. Recently he had 
the alarming experience of seeing 
his own name on a list of 
“symbolic" targets prepared by 

Action Directe and the West 
German terrorists from whom it 
has learned much of its trade. 

Later on the night that M Besse 
— ‘ who had always refused a 
bodyguard — was shot, M Maison 
Rouge arrived to address a gather- 
ing of businessmen with an escort 
of fully two dozen weft-armed 
police bodyguards. “When I saw 
how he was obliged to protect 
himself, I realised bow vulnerable I 
was myself”, says one' of those 
present at that meeting. The pros- 
pect of spending his days in the 
company of “Les GoriDes” did not 
appeal, but be expected the multi- 
national company be represents to 
insist on iL 

As Aberdeen University’s 
Professor Paul WtUtinsbn pointed 
out soon after Besse was kiBed, 
there are now more than 200 
terrorist attacks cm prominent 
businessmen every year, double the 
numbm- at the beginning of the 
1980s. Another expert in France 
estimates that at least 25 of the 
country’s top executives are, like 
the late M Besse, sufficiently well 
known to represent choice targets. 
“Action Directe said in documents 
published after earlier attacks that 
ft was fighting capitalism”, said 
Serge de Klebnikoff of the French 
Association of Ride Analysts. “And 
those people always do what they 


; t-* MiH 

BYT*? 1 * 

I IKi/tB ■ HI 111 kill 1 1 


Saturday Putting danger to the test 


£12,000 to be won 

Above an airbase in 
Wiltshire, the best 
pilots in the world 
are learning how to 
be even better . . . 




Towering inferno: foe end of the Crystal Palace 

Breaking glass 

Six o’clock one dark and windy November 
night; the last editions of the evening jMpers 
had printed and BBC radio news had a scoop — 
the Crystal Palace, high on a hOi above Sooth 
London, was ablaze from end to end. The sound 
engineer that night remembers the first live 
outside broadcast 50 years ago 

If the shoe 
fits . . . 
Bespoke styles 
for men 

Just in from 
France . . . 
Le nouveau 

Can you always get your copy of The Times? 

Dear Newsagent, please driiver/save me a copy of The Times 



One wing of the Hawker jet 
fighter canted downwards, 
and in a moment the aircraft 
was tumbling towards the 
earth, trapped in an aero- 
dynamic pattern from which 
many aircraft have failed to 
escape. The pilot continued 
his calm radio commentary, 
describing the plane's gyra- 
tions and the angle of fts nose 
to the horizon. 

The plane twisted on to its 
back, the most disorienting 
position for the pilot as the 
gravity forced blood into his 
bead. At intervals a bleeper 
sounded and a recorded lady 
with a cut-glass voice an- 
nounced: “20,000 feet — re- 
cover now . . . 10,000 feet — 
if not recovered, eject”. 

Then the plane darted out 
of the spin, as easily as a 
swallow. The calm voice of 
the pilot continued with his 
radio report 

A controlled spin is a dan- 
gerous enough technique in 
any aeroplane, but especially 
so in a swepi-wing fighter. The 
school for test pilots at 
Boscombe Down, Wiltshire — 
which is the subject of a BBC 
television series starting next 
month — is ihe only one in the 
world where such planes are 
regularly put through the 

The Royal Air Force has 
lost 29 aircraft through spin- 
ning accidents in recent years, 
and so teaches its pilots not to 
get into the predicament in the 
first place. But test pilots still 
have to explore the capacity of 
each new design or adaptation 
to establish where the danger 
point lies — and they have to 
know how to recover if they go 
over the edge. 

1 Harbinjpr(6) 

4 Great trouble (6) 

7 Bungle (4) 

8 Aromatic wine <8) 

9 Take priority over (7) 
11 Giver (5) 

22 Eariy New Yorker 

15 Hoard<S) 

16 Accelerate (5,2) 

28 Rev e rbe rating (8) .. 

21 Action (4) 

22 Anack object (6) 

23 Scarcely (6) 



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1 Suspended bed (7) 

2 Re-equip (5) 

3 Backless coach (5) 

4 Borrow for fee <4) 

5 Eariy Russian sm- 

6 Uj>per atmosphere 

10 Leg foot joint (5) 

11 Buzz (5) 


13 Root tooth (7) 

14 Qnkkly(7) . 

15 Dumond b i mpi» 

17 Field of play (5) 

18 Awe (5) . 

1& Mannerof wafting 

w> •••: - 



ACR OSS: _ 1 Chaste -4Srotcb 9 Diverse 10 Rerun 11 Alas 12 Re- I 

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rolex DOEswuprorr... 

vft— FREE! 

Top guns: Wing Commander John Bolton (foreground) and some of his students 

The word “danger” is 
frowned on at the school 
because it implies a loss of 
control. “We had to give the 
BBC some romantic imagery, 
but when we engage in a high- 
risk exercise we take the 
precautions necessary to 
make the risk acceptable,” 
says Wing Commander John 
Bolton, head of the school 
In spite of all precautions, 
though, “high risk” can hit 
the ground just as hard as 
“dangerous”. The school has 
lost three planes and one pilot 
in recent years. Two Tor- 
nadoes were lost one with an 
engine fire and the other 
crashing after striking a Sock 
of birds. The student who 
died was practising landing 

on one engine in an Andover, 
a relatively sedate plane. . 

The school aims to give 
students experience of flying 
!2 different types of aircraft, 
ranging from trainers to fully 
fledged Lightning combat air- 
craft. Britain needs only half- 
a-dozen military and civil test 
pilots a year and the 10- 
month courses would be al- 
most impossible to organize 
for such small numbers, so 
Boscombe Down, which was 
founded in 1943 as the first 
formal test pilots’ school in 
the world, opens a number of 
places to pilots from other 
countries, bringing the total 
to about 15. This year’s 
foreign students come from 
the USA, Germany, France, 

Italy, Canada, Australia. Hol- 
land, Norway, and Thaflan ri 
“The 50s and eariy 60s 
were the heyday of testing,” 
says Bolton. “New proto- 
types were ten a penny then. 
It is not so much new planes 
how as new functions — new 
loads to lift new refuelling 
techniques, new weapons to 
bolt on to the wings. Today's 
planes cost too much to take 
risks with and computerized 
mathematical modelling 
mi n i m ize s the amount of test 
flying that needs to be done. 
But the lest pilot’s place is 
still' crucial, whenever there 
is a new idea, someone has to 
try it for the first time." 

OF £300. 


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Making sheaths safer 

Studies have shown that con- 
doms are particularly effective 
m reducing the spread of 
gonorrhoea and less successful 
— yet still very useful - in 
containing non-specific ure- 
ihnns and syphilis. Evidence 
is now bong advanced to 
support their use in the har^ 
against Aids, by mgirfwp 
uai intercourse safer. 

An editorial in the British 
Medical Journal quotes an 
encouraging study which has 



sexual partners of Aids vic- 
tims in relation to the use or 
otherwise of barrier methods. 
Thirty-two patients with Aids 
were studied. Eight couples 
abstained from sexual 
intercouse — none of the sero- 
negative partners became HIV 

weight to what they have 

stressed in the last year or two: 

that the only certain way of 
avoiding HTV infection is to 
be monogamous or celibate. 
but that condoms will reduce, 
although not eliminate, risk. 

One British firm is 
experimenting with a self- 
scaling condom, to guard 
against infection should it slip 
off during intercourse. It 
should be available next year. 


ILL* ' ^ • > ! •- WhI 


Me as I am as I wa s 

six years old’ 

f"| ^ he invitation was virtually 
I irresistible. On florid bohe- 

■ mian notepaper adorned 

■ with a giant sunflower, John 
-^ Bratby (RA, ARCA, etc) 

was asking if he could paint me. 
“Your individuality, what you are, 

what you have done and what you are 

doing, your personal distinction from 
Humanity’s Mass, is the reason,” he 
typed enticingly. 

He had, he continued, already 
portrayal fece-to-fece such persons as 
Lord Gormley, the Queen Mother, 
Sir Alec Gunmess, Paul McCartney 

and Sir Michael Edwardes” It would 

hike less than four hours, and his wife 

Pam would feed me a light hindL The 

adtea was -The Ciipob and Tow 
of the Winds , in Hastings. 

Wen, people have travelled further 
lpr less flattering reasons; and to less 
romantic addresses. After alLfoe 
vague but splendid encomium which 
opened the letter was brilliantly 
calculated. Unlike most flattery, # 
did not immediately anoase nxrrth or 
suspicion: we are afl dohjgsomething. 
after all, even if it is only raisoHFa 
family and scratching a living. 

Besides, I longed to meet Bratby. 
His haunting picture of. Guy the 
Gorilla had bead in the hack of my . 
mind ever since I Iftyeags ago. 
And Bratbywas oneof the legends! 
grew up wth; a key personality of foe 
century. I knew about his splashy, 
angry kitchen-sink paintings ofthe . 
Fifties, Ms enfant temWe status, his 
rows with establishment, his 
overpublicized divorce and endear- 
ing remaniageto Patti Prime, whom 
he met through a lonely hearts 
column. I had heard rumours of the 
; tuneted fastness in Hastings where 
ihe middle-aged Bratby had taken to - 
painting a series of portraits of 
politicians, actors, celebrities and 
nowjoumalists. TItefewIhadseen,I . 
rather liked. 

I detest having my photograph 
taken, especially by odour maga- 
zines. The pictures are not only 
unpleasantly truthful, but at the same 
time seem to have nothing to do with 

. me. But the ideaofpaint canvas 
. .was entirely different;.' . with- a 
layman’s timid faith in The’ArtisL I 
suppose I thought Bratby would see 
something that a c am e ra could not 
So I set off for Hasting * jn a s pirit of 

pleased curiosity. - . 

.. Gazina into a mirror rm the train T 
observed that I had large bags 
my eyes; but a brief glance through 
my photocopied collection of the 
•. master's work reassured me. All 
- Bratby subjects have bags under their 
eyes- And at least I had put a 
multicoloured sweater om he likes 
bright colours. .■ - 

■ a- Hastings in. winter, with its 
baardedup wfadk-stalls and silent 
funfair, isa fimny sort of dace fw an 
enfiua terrible to end upi^ The Cupola 
and Tawer.of the Winds,' where the 
Braibys live, 6 a sory of suburban 
:ln net pc pched m the. upper edge of . 
the town. It 6 a ramblmg house, with 

photograpte, diiefly of kha and 
Patn tangfa i n g logedwr, and against 
the skuting-boaids pictures are 
stacked three deep. 

B ratby, stooping, white 
bearded, led me to his 
studio and installed mem a 
sheepskin-covered • wicker 
chair with a fierce fight on 
my right check. The walls were wild 
with brighfly-coloured, joyful f mage s 
of Venice (he 6 just bade from a 
second long visit, and dearly in love 
with it). A huge double image of Alec 
Gui nne ss loomed on themantetpiece. 

. Bratby put a very small canvas on 
his huge easel and asked: “What did 
you think of the oephuudion I sent 
you, of wanting to paint 

It was an offer Libby Pnrves could 
not refuse — to join Lord Gormley 
andPaul McCartney among the 
raids of those whose portrait has 
b&h painted by John Bratby (left) 

individuality?* I said that I had 
thought that was what all portrait- 
painters did as a matter of course: to 
paint essential individuality. “No” he 
said, “They don’t” 

He has a theory that individuality, 
as a quality, is somehow endangered, 
and says he wants to paint it in as 
many people as possible. Fewrefiise 
hum Bernard Levin did because “He 
didn't like being looked at”, and 
Robert Shaw also said no: otherwise 
not many. Patti canfin m with a 
soothing expression and gave us both . 
a cup of coffee, and we got down to 
work. He was pleased that I wasn’t 
nervous; when Frederick Raphael 
came in for his turn, he said “This 6 
what it must be like going for an ■ 

Bratby seems . astonished fay the 
way people fed about portraits. 
.“They tend tothink that a painter has - 
got some sort of inner knowledge of 
them, and will see right through their 
mask to their souL It isn’t true at afl. 
That's not whax I do.” 

Sitting for Bratby is not too taxing; 
he positively likes his sitters to talk 
and move their heads around. He, 
meanwhile, adds dabs of paint to his 
canvas; deans his brush constantly 
with roll after roB of kitchen paper, 
and often gets up and walks about, 
looking at you through his 
with a worried, driven look. He 
leaves a lot of sentences unfinished. 
We talked about Aids, I recall; about - 
the carelessness in your life which is 
part of being nineteen, about the 

about the education systemTFgot a 
sense of his being further towards the 

right of centre, politically, than I had 

After two hours he cheered up, 
looked less wonted, and told me a few 
stones about the way people respond 
to seeing their pictures. It is, after alL 
quite a shock to be done by Bratby; 

■ one sitter compared it to b ring hit by 
a tony. He 6 slightly offended at the 
idea that some of his brightly- 
coloured, fierce pictures are Hfciflrpd 
by the sitters (quite a few don’t buy 
them); “My pictures are celebrations 
of people. Not awfiiL Not any more’ 

A t inte rvals throughout the 
sitting, Patti came in and 
gave him smalt green 
raided pieces of paper, 
which he would turn away 
and study with terrible intentness. I 
wondered what they were: betting 
slips? Chronicles of domestic disas- 
ters? I-did not dare ask, although he 
was very chatty by now, expounding 
on the pros and cons of living in 
Hastings, especially in the dead of 
winter. “A very . . . conventional 
society” Them “Would you like to 
see your picture?” 

The layman’s eye, trained by the 
banality of the colour camera, u 
woefully inadequate in these circum- 
stances. It sees the wrong things first: 
the Fanvish green splash on the jaw, 
tike one eye bigger than the other. I 
stepped bade. That was a good tiling 
to do; the manic energy of the picture 
resolved itself into a definite reflec- 
tion of my face. Not so much my face 
now, as a picture I have at home in a 
drawer, of myself at six years old. A 
painter might take ten years off to 
flatter a lady; taking 30 years off 6 
something else again. 

I was at last emboldened to ask 
what Patti’s notes had been about, 
“She helps me” he said simpty.“TeUs 
roe how ft’s going.” He picked one up 
off the floor, scanned it, and gave h to 
me. “That’s the last one.” It said: 
“Your picture 6 wonderful. What 
you see”. 

I got back on the train and slept, ex- 
hausted, all the way to London. 


Bscldighamsltire Light In- 
fantry. The due for patholo- 
gists was the wear tear in 
the hip joints, for although 
people from afl walks of life 
suffer osteoarthritis in these 
joints it 6 particularly preva- 
lent in form labourers. 

Two surgeons at the Norfolk 
and Norwich Hospital have 
been working on an important 
modification to the standard 
operation which they hope 
may make it a more nsefol 
procedure for younger pa- 
tients. The problem with hip 
replacement 6 that hi time the 

Front MrsH F Prescott, 
MamhulL near Sturminster 
Newton, Dorset. 

Reading the article “Yoang 
Eyes” (Medical Briefing, 
November 14), I was reminded 
of treatment I received some 
4® years ago when I was 13 or 
14 years old, following an 
attack of measles. 

I believe the oculist was 
regarded as a hit of a quack at 
the time, having accompanied 
pints on bommng missions 
during the war in order to 
observe the effect altitude had 
on their eyesight. His theory 


wmanj ui LUC 

jvuu a umintnined by a perfect 

fit coupled with a dedgn which 
encourages tiny bone “pegs” 
to grow into interstices ■ the 


Over the past 14 months 30 
patients have had the new hip 
sndresiilts so for have been 
my encouraging. Hie hip 

pressures which are transmit- 
ted through them — engineers 
have worked out that a 15- 
stone Norfolk former's hip 
would have to contend with a 

load of up to 2 tons if he had to 
run at work. 


was due to strained muscles 
deforming the shape of the 
eyeball and that these - and, 
consequently, my right — 

could be restored ra normal by 

Electrodes were duly 
c la mpe d , twice a week for six 
weeks, to the back of my neck, 
and 1 think I must have been at 
least partially cored as I was 
released from wearing glasses 
except for reading. 

His firm advice at die time 
was that the wearing of 
by short-sighted children ag- 
gravated the condition because 
of the relia nc e of the eyes upon 
the lenses, and that the cure 
should be achieved by 

This appears to contradict 

to one of the 

: older villagers on the San- 
| dringham Estate, they would 
probably have applied a dress- 
ing of 03 of St John’s Wort, a 
traditional herbal remedy 
which has been known to work 
miracles with ulcers which 
have defied many years of 
modem treatment Some 20th- 
century remedies have been 
abandoned as foe slcin is very 
sensitive to irritants, particu- 
larly medical sprays, antibiot- 
ics or anaesthetics applied 
locally, and lanolin ofl. 

Dr Thomas Stnttaford 

Dr Janette Anderson’s theory 
that if spectacles are used in 
the first year a short-sighted 
child Is for more likely to have 
near- normal virion three years 

From Noel Oswald, 

Braintree, Essex. 

There was something ironic, in 
the meeting reported by Libby 
Pnrves (Finlay Page, Novem- 
ber 14) about foe suggestion iff 
one gentleman that women 
should, in effect, go to pros- 
titutes for advice on how to 
protect themselves. One might 
question whether, at foe most 
general level, the abuse of 
their beauty by women 6 any 
less of an offence fh»w men’s 
abuse of their strength. 

BoyS dO§ tired I lMkamii&OKdiMuif»mo^eia£opeHagat6l PittadiBj 

It was not an unreasonable 
request and we had half 
; expected iL Yet, when it came, 
our hearts sank “Daddy, 
Mummy, could we have a 
dog?” No-one could accuse us 

I ‘|7A ' ' ■- 

together. It was just that we 
had hoped the cat would do. 

. We felt we could cope with a 
cat It exercised itself or at 
least that was the idea. Mostly 
the garden birds exercised ft. 
Indoors it chased flies from 
the cladrbacks to the curtains, 
or joined, uninvited in the 
boys' board game& Apart 
from this it was independent, 
indeed aloof It did not look at 
ns with reproachful eagerness, 
or hopefully present us with 
our outdoor shoes.. 

We had wanted the boys to 
experience contact with ani-. 
maJs. To tins end we had had a 
number of form holidays. The 
boys had complained about 
mud, cowered away from farm 
dogs, retreated indoors with 
books and comics. Possibly 
they had been too young Now 
they were actually asking for a 

to hind The cat was glowering 
in the hall, where all weekend 
it had defended a small terri- 
tory against the genial in- 
truder. When Fred was ready 
to go out 'again, the bovs 




On Monday morning, when 
they were at school, Fred’s 
owner called and reclaimed 
him. I wondered how they 
would react to his absence. 
They did comment on it with 
perfunctory regret Then they 

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Drummond Piace Croydon * Eden Walk Kingston 

While we were deliberating, 
a friend asked us to look after 
h6 dog over a weekend. Fred 
duly arrived and when we first 
took him down the lane, the 
boys came too, quite eagerly. 
On the Saturday afternoon we 
had a splendid walk on the 
common. Strangers who nor- 
mally avoided eye-contact ex- 
changed smiles and friendly 
words with us. They told us 
about their dogs, past and 

Our lives were transformed. 
We had never taken so many 
vigorous walks in so short a 
time, nor spoken to so many 
friendly people. 

The boys seemed rather 
tired and silent, we noticed, so’ 
before Fred's evening walk we 
settled down briefly in front of 
foe television. One son re- 
marked that Fred had a pe- 
culiar smell; The other agreed, 
and complained that the dog 
was atting unnecessarily close 

p-aa m *» 

' *" ; l|l rnM sawn 

i a. ■**>. ri'.^Av 

-'v'W: '• -'Wtk -j ' ' 




, ... * i? 

Am i. mF7%:\ 

summoned the' cat and . went 
«)_ play m the garden. They 
said nothing more about Fred. 
Neither of them asked for a 
dog again, not even once, not 

We mis sed Red, my hus- 
band and I. Box we got over it. 
When we think that we might 
' conscientiously have em- 
barircd on dog-ownership, 
committing ourselves to a 
reorg a niza ti on of our lives 
that could have lasted for 

years, we are deeply grateful to 

Fred and his owner. Perhaps 
other parents reluctantly con- 
templating a canine addition 
to their household might con- 
sider borrowing a dog fioin a. 
friend for a few days. There 
could even be a profitable 
sideline in this for someone. 

Gafl Penny 

© Tim*# NMMMwn Ltdtttfi 






Only a week after Norman Tebbit 
severed links with the Federation 
of Conservative Students for being 
embarrassingly right wing, I dis- 
cover that Sir Alfred Sherman, 
Mis Thatcher's former adviser, 
plans a replacement body which 
will surely vex Conservative Cen- 
tral Office. Sir Alfred dismisses 
Tebbii's proposed alternative, the 
Conservative Collegiate Forum, 
as a retrograde step because “it is 
being set up from above and 
aimed at people whose views 
correspond with the Prune 
Minister's". He intends to call bis 
organization simply the Liaison 
Committee and says the emphasis 
will be on students affiliating with 
local constituency associations 
and getting involved in “the real 
world" rather than setting them- 
selves apart, as be considers the 
FCS did. He is appealing for funds 
and on Monday will meet former 
FCS members to discuss strategy. 

Poll tacks 

A pointer to how the parties will 
fare at the next general election 
comes from I.G. Index, a London- 
based financial bookmaker whose 
8.000 clients have registered their 
predictions rather than their per- 
sonal preferences, as in an opinion 
poll. They have the Conservatives 
ahead with 303 seats and Labour 
second with 272. This lime last 
year the forecast was 285 and 240 
respectively. Terrible tidings 
therefore for the Alliance — last 
yean Liberals 53, SDP 45; this 
year 29 and 20. For the record, 
IGI punters back early October 
1987 as the election date: 

Tell George 

The Esperanto Parliamentary 
Group (remember Esperanto, the 
language to end all languages?) has 
its sights on air traffic control. It 
claims that five accidents in the 
past 25 years have been caused 
wholly or partly by misunder- 
standings over the use of English, 
the official language of the air, as 
of the sea. (1 would not dare 
hazard a guess as to the number of 
crashes u pilots and controllers 
suddenly started talking in the 
gibberish of Esperanto). The group 
also claims that “Esperanto is 
catching on", citing such break- 
throughs as its use on Radio 
Peking and Norwegian railway 
timetables. What's Esperanto for 
“pull the other one”? 

O 1 see that Flexilink, represent- 
ing ports and ferry owners, is 
rnging the City to pnt no farther 
money in the Channel TnnneL Let 
me be the first to dub it the 
Shmmd group. 

Near miss 

The Prince and Princess of Wales 
came perilously close to bumping 
into General Idi Amin in Saudi 
Arabia this week. The day before 
they visited a British trade fair 
there. Amin, former despot of 
Uganda, was spotted wandering 
round the stands with two burly 
bodyguards picking up brochures. 
Some stall-holders pointedly re- 
fused to talk to him. Amin lives in 
a villa near Jeddah, guarded by his 
own men, and frequently eats in 
the city's top restaurants. 








T bet they're allowed to 
open on Sundays' 

Half measures 

While everyone else seemed to be 
glugging Beaujolais Nouveau yes- 
terday, I celebrated the 50th 
anniversary of Pierre Janneau’s 
chairmanship of Janneau, the 
Arrnagnac brandy company, with 
several glasses of a new blend 
called Cuiquantenarre. Pierre’s 
involvement in the 135-year-old 
family business dates back to 1 936 
when, after a riding accident, he 
spent three months convalescing 
in, of all places, the distillery. His 
son Etienne, the managing direc- 
tor, tells me that sampling their 
wares is such an occupational 
hazar d for the company's sales- 
men that half of those in Hong 
Kong have only one kidney. 

Last words 

Meat baron Lord Vestey has 
decided that mum's the word 
because of the trouble that has 
followed his speeches in the House 
of Lords. Not that there have been 
very many — three in 15 years, to 
be precise. In the first he ad- 
vocated friendly relations with 
Argentina; soon after one of his 
company's managers there was 
kidnapped and held for a £1 mil- 
lion ransom. Next he told the 
Royal Smithfield Club, he spoke 
up for New Zealand lamb — “and 
we all know what happened to 
that" After his last speech, on 
Sunday trading, “I got lots of 
letters and was elected to some- 
thing called SC® — Save Our 
Sundays — but I don’t know what.I 
am supposed to do.” The rest is 
silence. . pj|g 

Nuclear debate: Andrew McEwen previews Mrs Thatcher’s Paris talks; David Watt on the special relationship 

The Prime Minister could be 
forgiven for envying her French 
host today when she arrives in 
Paris to brief President Mitterrand 
on her talks last weekend with 
President Reagan. Unlike Mrs 
Thatcher, the French leader has 
public opinion firmly behind him 
on the entire issue of nuclear 

A socialist president leading a 
conservative French government 
in unanimous national support for 
la force de fiappi might seem 
ironic enough. A more subtle 
paradox is that Mrs Thatcher, 
regarded as Reagan's closest Euro- 
pean ally, is far closer to 
Mitterrand in her sceptical view of 
the grand disarmament designs so 
nearly agreed at Reykjavik. 

Almost six weeks of confusion 
have followed the summit meet- 
ing. Hopes for a less heavily armed 
world soared and crashed, only to 
be followed by a more sober 
realization that fewer nuclear 
weapons might mean less security. 

As the two minor European 
nuclear powers compare notes on 
the superpower negotiations, what 
are their respective post-Reyk- 
javik perspectives? 

It is important to distinguish 
between cautious and incautious 
disarmament France, Britain, 
West Germany and nearly every- 
one else would support the re- 
moval of Soviet SS20 and US 
cruise and Pershing 2 missiles 
from central Europe provided the 
British and French deterrents and 
other nuclear weapons remained. 
The effect: de-escalation without 
changing the balance. There is also 
broad agreement, though details 
remain in dispute, that this should 

United front 
on a European 

be accompanied by restraints on 
short-range weapons. 

The stumbling block remains 
Soviet insistence on linking .this to 
a more ambitious package includ- 
ing an American commitment not 
to test laser-based anti-missile 
defences in space. This week 
Whitehall has been more optimis- 
tic that the Kremlin may 

eventuality drop this linkage. 

There is also broad accord with 
the Reykjavik goal of eliminating 
50 percent ofUS and Soviet --but 
not British or French — strategic 
weapons over five years. Again, 
differences of detail remain. 

The area of real disagreement 
lies in the ultimate objective. In 
this Reagan is closer ou paper, but 
presumably not in practice, to 
Mikhail Gorbachov than to his 
European allies. 

The French know exactly where 
they stand on this. Both left and 
right regard Reagan’s proposal to 
eliminate all ballistic missiles ax 
the end of 10 years as dangerous 
heresy, and the Soviet plan to do 
away with all strategic weapons in 
the same timescale as pure fan- 
tasy. They see no serious alter- 
native to nuclear weapons as the 
guarantor of European libcrty.The 

French believe that Mrs Thatcher 
agrees with these views, and they 
are undoubtedly right, however 
much Whitehall hedges about her 
position with caveats. 

“The difference between the 
British and the French view is that 
we express ours dearly. France 
regards these proposals with the 
utmost anxiety,” said a senior 
French official. 

Seen through French eyes, Mrs 
Thatcher is bound by three chains; 
her loyalty to Reagan, her depen- 
dence on US weapons and her 
need to avoid appearing to be 
against disarmament She win no 
doubt seek to reassure Mitterrand 
that Reagan is showing mare 
sympathy towards Europe’s anxi- 
eties following their meeting last 

The joint declaration made at 
Camp David is interpreted in 
Whitehall as meaning .that Reagan 

missST-free wild. Ever since Mrs 
Thatcher arrived home there has 
been pressure to play down what, 
on paper, appears to be the most 
important issue of our tunes. Her 
advisers say there is no point in 
worrying about a proposal that 
will not be put into effect in the 

foreseeable future; the order of 
priority agreed at Camp David 
will ensure that abolition of all 
ballistic missiles is not for this 

Whether the declaration's fail- 
ure to mention abolition of all 
ballistic missiles reinforces wbfto- 
tall’s interpretation or shows it to 
be wishful dunking is hotly de- 
bated. Reagan's latest declarations 
appear to face both ways simulta- 
neously. it is agnificant that be 
has stressed "all our proposals are 
still on the table”, mid that two 
administration officials usually 
regarded as hawks have made 
statements this week apparently 
supporting the missil&abolition 
goaL The Americans have not 
withdrawn this dement from their 
proposals at the strategic arms 
talks in Geneva. 

Both France and Britain are 
determined to retain their in- 
dependent deterrents unless the 
vast cuts in conventional forces, 
abolition of chemical weapons 
and much else can be agreed. 

The French are determined to 
proceed with their equivalent of 
the transition from Polaris to 
Trident, replacing submarines to 
carry longer-range missiles with 
more warheads. Mitterrand, not 
his conservative premier, Jacques 
Chirac, personally controls the 
deterrent that he once opposed as 
strongly as our Labour Party now 
opposes Polaris/TridenL 

Bui such is French unanimity 
that when Mrs Thatcher lunches 
with Chirac she will be hard 
pressed to detect a difference of 
nuclear perspective. 

Andrew McEwen is Diplomatic 
Correspondent o/The Times. 

Edgar Palamountain argues that the market cannot be left to itself 

Takeovers: who benefits? 

BTR's £1.2 billion bid yesterday 
for Pilkington Brothers, Britain’s 
biggest glass manufacturer, can 
only heighten the public belief that 
the Gty’s principal activity is 
launching takeovers or fighting 
them off This impression is, of 
course, exaggerated: even finan- 
cial writers are not immune from 
the journalist’s penchant for 
personality and conflict. But the 
truth is not that far removed. 

The case for mergers and take- 
overs as a whole, including — and 
perhaps especially - unwelcome 
takeover bids, is that they improve 
overall management efficiency 
and hence the productivity of 
industry and commerce. With a 
contested takeover some such 
improvement is to be expected 
whether the bid is successful or 
not: a successful bid installs what 
is presumed to be a superior 
management, while an unsuccess- 
ful bid can have a salutary effect in 
concentrating wonderfully the 
minds of the threatened managers. 
It is further, and plausibly, am- 
tended that the mere possibility of 
a bid keeps the management of 
possible target companies on their 

More generally, those satisfied 
with the existing situation argue 
that mergers and takeovers are 
natural elements in a free market 
economy which would be dis- 
torted and impaired by their 

The consequences of mergers 
and takeovers have been the 
subject of growing academic re- 
search, though assessment is diffi- 
cult and the results inconclusive. 
Certainly it is not true that 
takeover bids are a necessary 
condition of a successful econ- 
omy; the Germans and the Japa- 
nese seem to get on well without 
them. And the objections to 
contested takeovers are numerous 
and formidable.For the purpose of 
this article five main objections 
will suffice. 

First, in many companies long- 
term planning, particularly de- 
cisions on research and dev-' 
elopment and capital investment, 
is distorted by the fear of a 
takeover bid because such expen- 
diture, however desirable for the 
future, immediately depresses 
profits and the price of the 
company's shares. Such inhibition 
of research and development and 
of investment cannot be beneficial 
to the economy. 

Secondly, takeover bids exacer- 
bate conflicts of interest between 
directors and managers on the one 
hand and shareholders on the 
other. Tliis applies on both sides. 

Taking the predator company 
first the interests of its sharehold- 
ers, like all other shareholders, are 
in the maximization of earnings 
per share and a rise in the share 
price. Such interests, as we have 
seen, may or may not be advanced 
by the takeover, in the short term 
they will almost certainly be 

depressed by the expenses in- 
curred- To the directors and 
managers, however, what matters 
is size: an enlarged company 
conventionally justifies higher sal- 
aries, bigger cars, grander offices, 
deeper pile carpets and so on. 

With the target company, the 
position is reversed. Shareholders 
almost certainly stand to gain 
from the bid, if only because it 
invariably results in a marked 
increase in the value of their 
shares. The directors and man- 
agers, on the other hand, have 
everything to lose — including 
their jobs. It is, of course, this 
situation that has given rise to the 
"poison pill” industry, by which 
managements of target companies 
devise schemes to make a take- 
over more difficult This phenom- 
enon is good news for lawyers but 
hardly tor anyone else: 

Thirdly, and beyond any ques- 
tion, a contested takeover bid 
involves a major diversion of 
management resources, particu- 
larly at the top. For months on end 
the executive directors of the 
predator company will be occu- 
pied in the preparation or sub- 
sequent improvement of the offer 
and in making plans for assimila- 
tion of the target company in the 
event of the offer succeeding - 
“making bids when they should be 
making widgets". 

As for the target company, once 
the bid is announced it is hard to 
conceive of the directors being 
able to concentrate on anything 
else. The management of both 
companies must inevitably suffer. 

Fourthly, perhaps the most 
conspicuous feature of contested 
takeover bids is the expenditure 
involved — including professional 
fees, commissions, mailing, ad- 
vertising, public relations. The 
director of the Institute for Fiscal 
Studies has estimated that ex- 

penses incurred for the major 
contested takeover bids made 
during the past 12 months 
amounted to no less than 
£500 million. This, he observed, is 
many times the yearly cost of all 
management education and train- 
ing in the UK. Virtually the whole 
of this expenditure is unproduc- 
tive and the entire burden of it 
falls on the shareholders. 

The last point to make is 
possibly the most serious. If 
responsible shareholding is to be 
extended, both present and poten- 
tial investors must have con- 
fidence in the financial markets 
and in the framework within 
which they operate. The publicity 
inevitably given to these takeover 
battles puts such confidence at 
risk. The impression is created, or 
reinforced, that the Gty in gen- 
eral, and the Stock Exchange in 
particular, is nothing better than a 
jungle in which fortunes are made 
and great power is exercised by a 
small number of predators and 
speculators whose activities the 
small shareholder is virtually 
powerless to influence. 

Such a development is not in 
the best interests of a property 
owning democracy, or of the 
capitalist system as a whole. By 
the end of this year there will 
probably be seven million share- 
holders in this country. The cause 
of wider share ownership is not 
advanced by tbe picture which 
outsiders are inevitably forming of 
the Gty and its operations. 

That picture is influenced now 
by the Geoffrey Collier case (with 
more likely to follow) coming 
immediately after the Ivan Boesky 
scandal on Wall Street. Both were 
guilty of insider trading, and it is 
in the takeover field that the man 
with inside information has the 
strongest temptation a m3 the 
greatest opportunity. 

What, if anything, is to be done 
about all this? The free market 
answer would be nothing: let tbe 
market sort it out What this ought 
to mean in practice is that the 
poison-pill industry would take up 
the running; and that, in a sense, is 
fair enough provided that the pill 
merchants, in their turn, are not 
hobbled by company law and 
securities regulation. 

The alternative is to change the 
existing rules. A “broad brush” 
proposal on these lines was made 
by Conservative peers in a recent 
House of Lords debate; why not, 
they said, refer all major bids to 
the Monopolies Commission and 
make its criterion of approval 
positive, i.e. the bidder would 
have to show that die bid was 
actually in the public interest 
instead of merely not against it 

Advocates of competition will 
probably think this is going too for 
and that any solution must pre- 
serve the essential feature of 

I world, 

managements. In an ideal 
of course, such pressure is simply 
applied by tbe shareholders, but 
existing institutional arrange- 
ments have foiled to make u»'» 

Tbe best solution probably lies 
in the adoption of “two-tier” 
boards on the German and Dutch 
models by which the hands of 
independent directors would be 
greatly strengthened. Independent 
directors have not beat an un- 
qualified success as champions of 
shareholders or controllers of 
executives, but recent events at 
STC and Beechams afford at least 
some encouragement to those of 
us who believe that this is still the 
right way forward. 

The author is chairman of the 
Wider Share Ownership Council 

One sweltering afternoon in June 
1982 a burly Soviet diplomat 
parked his car in the centre of 
Tehran — and vanished. Within 
an hour alarm bells were ringing in 
the Kremlin. And today the 
incident, little reported at the 
time, has dramatically resurfaced 
to add to tbe controversy over 
President Reagan's arms deal with 
the Khomeini regime. 

The man was Vladimir Aodrey- 
evich Kuzichkin, then aged 35 and 
ostensibly vice-consul at the 
Soviet embassy in Tehran. He was 
in fact a major in Directorate **S” 
of the KGB. responsible for 
controlling Soviet agents through- 
out Iran and hundreds of collabo- 
rators, many of them members of 
Tudeh, the Iranian Communist 

He was spirited out of Iran — 
how can be only a matter of 
conjecture — and arrived in 
Britain. Here he presented M16 
with a dossier containing the 
names and locations of the entire 
KGB espionage network in Iran. It 
was a tremendous coup for British 
intelligence whose reputation, 
particularly with the Americans, 
had been badly damaged by the 
exposure of Geoffrey Prime as a 

When Reagan first 
helped Khomeini 

Soviet spy inside GCHQ, the top 
secret communications centre at 

At first MI6 kept Kuzichkin ro 
itself. But finally, after debriefing 
sessions at a country house in 
Sussex that went on for many 
months, it allowed him to go to the 
United States to be questioned by 
the CIA. It. too, was given the 
KGB Iran dossier. Soon after - 
according to Washington reports 
it was a joint MI6-CIA derision — 
the dossier was passed on to the 
Iranian authorities. They took 
swift action. About 200 agents and 
collaborators are thought to have 
been executed and 18 Soviet 
diplomats were expelled. KGB 
operations in Iran were crippled. 

As President Reagan comes in 
for growing criticism over tbe 
arms-for-bosiages deal, the 
Kuzichkin incident is invoked by 
Washington officials to dem- 
onstrate that the US has been 

involved in behind-the-scenes ex- 
changes with the Khomeini 
leadership for some years. They 
say it was one of many ploys to try 
to win favour with Iran and to 
diminish Soviet influence in a 
country bordering the Soviet 
Union and of great strategic 
importance to the West 

In October 1982 the defection 
was carefully leaked to British 
journalists by Whitehall. Details 
of Kuzichkin's importance were 
emphasized, probably to dem- 
onstrate that British intelligence 
did have its successes as well as its 
failures. The Americans, without 
any intelligence sources of their 
own since the abortive attempt to 
rescue the American embassy 
hostages during the Carter presi- 
dency, must surely have been 

Kuzichkin had served in Iran 
for five years before defecting. He 
was in charge of the so-called KGB 

“illegals” — Soviet citizens trained 
to work under deep cover and 
adopting fictitious identities to 
infiltrate key areas of government 
administration and defence-re- 
lated industry is foreign countries 
— and responsible for recruiting 
low level agents from among 
Iranian nationals. He travelled all 
over the country and formed links 
with tribal groups. 

For mudi of that time, it is 
believed, he was a double agent 
working for the British. If that is 
so, his defection was clearly a 
necessity, his life no doubt at risk, 
rather than a choice. His wife 
stayed behind. 

Kuzichkin has apparently set- 
tled down well in Britain. He is a 
very cultured man who, it is said 
in the murky world of counter- 
intelligence, enjoys good company 
and loves opera. But. like aU 
Soviet defectors he has to be on 
tbe alert 24 hours of the day. 
Indeed, only two months ago it 
was claimed that Bulgarian secret 
agents in Britain had tried to 
recruit a journalist on the Morning 
Star to trace him so that he could 
be killed. 

Michael Evans 

Whitehall Correspondent 

Slim pickings at 

Camp David 

Broadly, two verdicts have been 
passed on Mrs Thatcher’s trip to 
Camp David last weekend. The 
first is that she proved once a ga in 
that Britain’s “special 
relationship” with America lives 
on — and pays off The other that 
in buc ki n g President Reagan over 
the Iranian affair she put good 

money on a losing number and got 

nothing valuable tack. 

irons is wholly satisfactory, 
are much more complicated than 
either theory would imply- For 
instance, it is true that Mrs 
Thatcher got less than she might 
have lilted on the nuclear ques- 
tion, as connoisseurs of dip- 
lomatic fine prist may note. The 
meeting did not produce a joint 
ft ftjntrnmiq nA but merely adocu- 
ment issued by the Prime Minister 
and “agreed” by the White House 
- not quite the same degree of 
American commitment. 

The statement in it that the 
President “confirmed his full sup- 
port for the arrangements” made 
to modernize the British deterrent 
with Trident falls short of full 
support for the decision to mod- 
ernize. Again, as others have 
pointed out, the phrase that Nato's 
present strategy “would continue 
to require effective nuclear deter- 
rence, based on a mix of systems” 
does not entirely dispose, as Mrs 
Thatcher would like, of the 
President’s vision of a world 
without strategic nuclear weapons; 
for Nato’s existing strategy can 
always be wrenched around to 
accommodate a radical super- 
power agreement. 

Nevertheless it is not true that 
Mrs Thatcher came away empty- 
handed. She has secured a public 
assurance that the Reagan admin- 
istration will not poll the rug from 
under Trident before the British 
general election or rush, after all, 
into an arms control agreement 
without considering allied in- 
terests. And the significance of this 
assurance goes well beyond its 

Far more important than the 
detail is the fact that it suggests to 
die world that Mrs Thatcher has 
more influence over President 
Reagan than any other leader, 
with the possible exception of the 
Israeli prime minister. To the 
Europeans, this has its sinister 
aspect— a throwback to the Anglo- 
Saxon exclusivity that General de 
Gaulle used to complain about — 
but that complaint is softened by 
Mrs Thatcher having effectively 
represented tbe concerns of all the 
European members of the Naio alli- 

Likewise, the Arab world will no 
doubt smile cynically over Mrs 
Thatcher's ringing endorsement of 
Regan’s integrity in agreeing to 
supply arms to Iran but will still 
tend to regard her as a person of 
more consequence after her visit 
than before on the timeless Ori- 
ental principle that whoever is in 
favour with the sultan is worth 

Does tins mean, then, that the 
special relationship remains the 
key to British foreign policy? Can 
we flit tack 30 years to the worid 
of Harold Macmillan and his 
“Grecian” influence over the 
“Roman*” emperors, Eisenhower 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Yes, I do want 
to alarm you 

Today we have a very special offer 
indeed. It is for the Moreover 
Alarm Cock, which is available to 
you for only £17.99 each (plus 
postage and packing of £4.50). 

What is different about the 
Moreover Alarm Dock? Why is it 
different from all the other alarm 
docks which crowd the market at 
this moment? Does it cook a 
boiled egg for you or something? 

Well, yes, it does actually, but 
that’s not the thing that makes the 
Moreover Alarm Clock different 
from any other alarm dock ever 
invented. What makes it so special 
is that it is guaranteed to wake you 
up every time. 

Consider other docks. They 
make beeping noises. Or they turn 
the radio on. Or they ring bells. 
But whatever noise they make, 
you know that with practice you 
can outlast it. The average human 
mind can adapt itself to the 
average alarm dock and ignore it. 

Not with the Moreover Alarm 

First thing you hear from the 
Moreover Alarm Clods is the 
morning message, specially re- 
corded on tape: “Hell’s bells, is 
that the time? Oh, suffering Social 
Democrats, I'm going to be late 
again!” The air of panic, the slight 
touch of blasphemy, the archaic 
oath surrounding David Owen’s 
gallant band of followers, all of 
these will alert your attention. If it 
doesn't, the next bit of recording 
surely will: 

“And we welcome listeners to 
Test Match Special with the 
melancholy news, melancholy if 
you are British, that is, that 
England in their second inning s 
are 11 for seven, with 187 still to 
score to avoid an innings defeat It 
was the same old story. I'm afraid, 
with England batsmen throwing 
away their wickets with stupid, 
rash strokes just when they looked 
set for ... " 

Of course, you may not be 
interested in cricket. And who can 
blame you, the way cricket's 
going? But at least you’ll have 
heard of Ian Botham, so you’ll be 
interested in the next little bit of 

“Hello, my name is Ian 

Botham. To all those who voted 
against my mates Viv and Joel in 
the recent Somerset poll, I say this: . 
1 will get you all, one by one, in 
your beds as you sleep. I mil kill, 
Irill, kill . . 

Of course, not a real recording 
by Botham or any of the others; 
they are all well-designed fakes to 
get you worried and awake. But if 
you should still be sleepy, we have 
three news reports of the most 
horrifying kind to get you awake; 
the land that nail have yon 
bounding om of bed and. beating 
the clock to death with a hammer. 
Here they are: 

“Today, the Prince and Princess 
of Wales strolled through the 
streets of Kiznpala as guests of 
Sheikh Oomani El Soodh. Fifty 
years ago this little town was only 
a collection of mud huts, until the 
discovery of oil ” 

Horrific, eh? But not as deadly 

“All parties saw a crumb of 
comfort in last night’s by-election 
result at Mudley Neath. Although 
Labour had a greatly reduced 
majority, the Liberal didn't poll 
on the sensation they had hoped 
for, and tire Tories barely scraped 
by with a saved deposit ...” 

Gruesome ly boring, you’ll 
agree. But not as boring as: 

“And now, here are the head- 
lines again ** 

If this has still not got you out of 
bed, the Moreover Alarm Gock 
new descends to one of two- 
different tactics, depending on 
your instructions. It can either go 
straight to plain insults, whereby it 
screams at you non-stop: “My 
God, you pathetic lump of lard, n 
only your friends could see you 
to mg mg there like an unwanted, 
piece of offal ...” or it goes over 
the top with a grave announce” 
meat: “Today, President Reagan 
announced that the United States 
had declared war on Russia. He 
stressed that this was in no way a 
military action, merely a measure 
of self-defence.” 

If this final effort still doesn’t 
wake you up, the Moreover Alarm 
Gock now detonates and blows up 
the whole house. And serve you 
nght, too. 

and Kennedy? MB Jtatdin; Ute 
James Cap stan and Harold Wil- 
son before ner, sometime gives 
the impression that she thinks we 
can, but the truth is not so. 

acecomodafing. . 

It is obviously in Bnusn in- 
terests to retain a strong entry cam 
in Washington snd to keep it vsuio 
by means of a sustained public 
relations job on American public 
opinion. It is also quite often m 
our interests, for the reasons I 
have just mentioned, to give, a 
greater impression of lntimary 
than we actually possess. What is 
dang erous is to overestimate the 
possibilities of the relationship 
£nd to believe all our own 
propaganda about it. 

Failure to observe this caution 
)ed to some spectacular British 
disffiusionments even at the 
height of the alliance - the end of 
Lend-Lease, the McMahon Act, 
Suez and Sky bolt all demonstrated 
the firm priority of American 

Today the limitations are for 
greater, partly because Britain has 
less power and therefore less 
leverage, and partly because of the 
extreme frivolity of the Reagan 
regime. All American govern- 
ments periodically sacrifice long- 
term foreign policy considerations 
to the need for a “quick fix” of 
some domestic political problem, 
.but tbe present administration has 
raised this practice almost to a 
point of principle. 

The Strategic Defence Initiative 
is the most serious example, with 
the Reykjavik pledges not for 
behind. The Daimoff swap and the 
latest attempt to get the Middle 
East hostages out in time for the 
midterm elections by buttering up 
the Iranians are lesser incidents in 
the same mould. 

It is perfectly possible to 
rationalize, after the event, that it 
makes very good sense for the US 
to begin to do what Britain and 
France have been doing since 
1980, namely, frying to keep some 
kind of relations with both sides in 
the Eran-Iraq war, but the foot 
remains that that is not why 
Robert McFariane, the former 
National Security Adviser, went to 
Tehran or why the American arms 
were sold. 

The rather commonplace con- 
clusion to be drawn by all 
America’s allies, including 
Britain, from the available ev- 
idence is that the Reagan govern- 
ment is not to be wholly relied on. 
It has followed a wildly inconsis- 
tent policy on East-West relations 
and arms control; its Middle East 
policy has no firm foundations 
except the Israeli connection and a 
determination to keep tbe Soviet 
Union out of the region. The loss 
of the Senate to the Democrats 
and the damage to tbe President’s 
credibility caused by the Iranian 
fracas simply add a new dimen- 
sion of “lame duck” uncertainty. 

Mrs Thatcher is quite right to 
try to use her own standing and 
historical sentiment in order to 
maintain some marginal influence 
over this scene; after all, the US is 
tbe only superpower we have. But 
she should not delude herself that 
by these means she can secure 
British interests, even Trident, 
on more than a provisional basis. 




1 Pe nnington Street, Lond on El 9XN Telephone: 01 - 4 S 1 4100 



Towards a deal Ulster’s quest for democratic forms 

Nothing said in President support for terrorism. If ev- 
Reagan s unimpressive and idence were forthcoming that 
sometimes confusing press such support bad been ab- 
conference on Wednesday jus- rogated - for instant the 
nfics a moicfavourable view release of American hostages 
of the flawed attempt to re- in the hand s of Iran-inspired 

establish relations with Iran 
and to secure the release of 
American hostages in return 
for supplying arms and spare 
parts. It remains the most 
serious blunder of a presidency 
in which foreign policy blun- 
t ders have not been unknown. 
It has undermined the theme 
of anti-terrorism in Mr 
Reagan’s foreign policy, dam- 
aged relationships with 
America’s allies, caused a seri- 
ous rift with the new Demo- 
cratic Congress, and cut 
sharply into the President’s 

It might be understandable 
if Mr Reagan had risked such 
setbacks for a policy that 
reflected his most profound 
convictions. Yet the fact is that 
his Iranian blunder is an 
uncharacteristic one, reminis- 
cent more of President Carter’s 
attempt to accommodate 
revolutionary movements in 
the Third World than of his 
own willingness to oppose 
state-supported terrorism with 
military force. How did such a 
policy come to be adopted? 

It must be admitted that the 
broad initial premise was a 
sound one. It makes no sense 
for the United States to main- 
tain an attitude of permanent 
hostility to a state like Iran 
which occupies a vital strategic 
position on the Persian Gulf, 
the source of 40 per cent of the 
world's oil. This is especially 
so since the Iranians feel under 
permanent threat from their 
powerful neighbour, the Soviet 
Union. Was this not a basis for 
rapprochement ? 

Such a delicate operation, 
however, would have been 
best begun either through 
intermediaries or at a fairly 
low diplomatic level. Through 
such channels, the US could 
have expressed the hope for 
better relations but pointed 
out that the main stumbling 
block to these was Iran’s 


terrorists — then the US and 
Iran would be able to discuss 
matters such as the American 
arms embargo in a wanner 

In the event, however, cau- 
tion was thrown overboard 
and just about every possible 
mistake made. The first one 
was to seek negotiations with a 
sympathetic “moderate” fac- 
tion in Tehran. The attempt to 
manipulate such factions from 
afar is doomed to failure when 
politics are foreign as those in 

When hostages were then 
introduced into the diplomatic 
bargaining, the grand design of 
a USTranian rapprochement 
inevitably became a squalid 
deal to exchange favours for 
captives. Far from persuading 
Iran to abandon terrorism as 
an instrument of policy, such a 
deal encouraged a policy of 
seizing more hostages to ob- 
tain greater favours. And in 
the short interval since the 
three American hostages were 
released, another three Ameri- 
cans have been kidnapped in 

Mr Reagan's principal mis- 
take, however, was to make 
arms the quid pro quo for 
better Iranian behaviour. 
American opinion would not 
have objected strenuously to 
the opening of exploratory 
talks with Teheran as such. 
But the provision of guns 
broke his own arms embargo 
and transformed secret diplo- 
macy into something Ike “co- 
vert action”. 

On the arms embargo, Mr 
Reagan protected himself le- 
gally by issuing a secret exec- 
utive order lifting his 
obligation to abide by it But 
“covert action” inhabits a 
notoriously murky constitu- 
tional area claimed by both 
President and Congress. If 
gun-running comes under the 
heading of foreign policy, then 

it is reserved by the Constitu- 
tion for the President But if it 
counts as intelligence-related 
activity, then 1975 legislation 
binds the President to inform 
senior Congressional figures in 
a ‘‘timely” fashion. In either 
event it was bound to 
maximise the anger and 
opposition of Congress when 
■ the news finally emerged. 

Comparisons with Water- 
gate, however, are very wide of 
the marie. Mr Reagan was 
employing executive secrecy 
in this matter not to conceal 
involvement in a crime but 
however ineptly, to advance 
American interests. 

It is no less mistaken to cite 
this episode as a failure of 
some wider “Reagan 
doctrine.” That doctrine holds 
that anti-communist guerrillas 
fighting tyrannical Soviet- 
backed regimes in the Third 
World should receive moral 
and practical help from foe 
UNited States. The opening to 
Iran was founded on quite 
different principles. It com- 
bined traditional great power 
diplomacy and the kind of 
“pragmatic” contact with ter- 
rorists which is generally 
recommended by those who 
are currently denouncing foe 
President Mr Reagan has 
lowered himself by seeking to 
implement foe ideas of Presi- 
dent Carter through the meth- 
ods of Dr Kissinger. 

He has already begun a 
sensible retreat by abjuring 
any further arms sales to Iran 
and candidly answering all 
questions on foe Iranian fi- 
asco. (His remarks on Israel 
seem to reflect confusion of 
mind rather than devious- 
ness.) He should also consider 
whether any resignations are 
required from foe National 
Security Council which de- 
vised and ran the operation. 
But foe real lesson of this 
episode is that President 
Reagan should return to a 
dear, principled and vigorous 
policy of anti-terrorism. Su- 
per-subtle diplomacy is not for 


The finding of the Court of 
Appeal that Brent Council 
does have the right to consider 
the case of Miss McGoldrick, 
the head teacher accused of 

racism, and to dismiss her 
against the recommendations 
of the school’s governors, puts 
the matter back where it 
started: in the realm of party 
. and local politics. It also raises 
" an important question to 
which the government should 
address its mind. 

Miss McGoldrick, a popular 
headmistress of a school 
whose pupils are overwhelm- 
ingly from ethnic minorities, 
firmly denies the allegation of 
racism, and has the support of 
the parents and staff of foe 
school, as well as having been 
cleared by foe governors. 
Brent Council nevertheless 
suspended her, only reluc-- 
tantiy allowing her return to 
the school when the now- 
overturned High Court ruling 
prohibited Brent from holding 
its own inquiry after foe 
governors had cleared her. 

Now, if it chooses, Brent can 
again take disciplinary action 
against Miss McGoldrick. It 
has given an undertaking, 
noted by foe Master of the 
Roils, Sir John Donaldson, in 
his judgement, not to suspend 
or dismiss her on account of 
this alleged incident. But it 
could, and may, take other 
disciplinary action. Sir John 

suggested that foe Brent 
authority might regard foe 
matter as closed but added 
that it “had to be a matter for 

That is foe worry. The legal 
basis of foe judgement is the 
1944 Education Act, which 
gives foe local authority the 
right to dismiss a head teacher 
summarily on any ground 
without a recommendation of 
foe governors. Nor are find- 
ings of foe governors binding 
on foe authority. 

This is a judgement of great 
significance at a time when 
highly politicised local author- 
ities act as both “legislators” 
(that is to say, they lay down 
their own undefined rules on 
“sexism”, “racism" and the 
like) and as the final “judicial” 
authority in settling the fete of 
people accused of breaching 
them. Such a combination of 
political urges and “judicial” 
power offends equity, and 
neither Miss McGoldrick, nor 
any other teacher in local 
authorities ruled by those 
whom Mr Neil Kinnock 
stigmatises as Labour zealots, 
can feel safe from persecution. 
It must surely raise foe ques- 
tion whether foe 1944 Act 
should be amended to give 
governors foe ultimate right of 
dismissal of head teachers, 
after hearing advice from foe 
local education officer. 

This case is only one in- 
stance of the extremism in 
Labour town halls which has 
this week moved two Cabinet 
ministers to attack their intol- 
erance. From detailed report- 
ing of numerous cases in foe 
national and local press, foe 
public was already well aware 
of foe truth, and Mr Kinnock 
has now admitted foe poten- 
tial electoral damage the ex- 
tremists can do to bis cause. 

But the terms in which he 
spoke hardly inspire con- 
fidence that his principal in- 
terest is foe liberty of the 
subject. His concern is rather 
that foe extremists should not 
take action which can be used 
against the party, and should 
avoid sensationalism leading 
to “lurid headlines”. What one 
would rather hear from him is 
a condemnation of such intol- 
erance in principle. Instead be 
thinks in terms of damage to 
foe party, claiming that the 
miscreants are a very small 
minority. He gives 99.9 per 
cent of Labour councils a clean 
bill because they do not attract 
“lurid headlines”. 

Yet many more than 0.1 per 
cent of Labour councils are on 
a sliding scale of extremism 
which ought to cause concern. 
It would be reassuring to hear 
Mr Kinnock attack what they 
do, not foe embarrassment 
they cause. 

The derision by the Soviet 
authorities to permit a limited 
amount of private enterprise 
has elicited a contradictory 
response. According to some, 
it is a radical departure from 
previous Soviet theory' and 
practice. According to others, 
it is so hedged about with 
restrictions that it will do little 

to improve foe lot of foe Soviet 
consumer. There is truth in 
both views. 

In legalizing private cafes, 
taxis, repair shops and mainte- 
nance services, foe Kremlin is 
admitting that there are areas 
where strict centralization and 
fell public ownership — the 
policies it has pursued for 
more than 60 years — simply 
do not work. In terms of Soviet 
ideology', this admission is a 
great leap backwards. 

The concession of foe ideo- 
logical point makes it theoreti- 
cally possible for Moscow to 
privatize other areas of the 
Soviet economy too, in time. 
Potentially, therefore, the le- 
galization of private services 
could herald a transformation 
both in foe way foe Soviet 


benefit — but this will not 
guarantee any extension of 
private enterprise. 

Yet there are reasons, quite 
apart from the misgivings of 
ideological traditionalists, why 
an initial move towards pri- 
vate services had to be limited 
in scope. Most parts of foe 
As they stand, however, the Soviet Union have had no 

system functions and in foe 
way of life. It could start to 
encourage greater cost- 
consciousness, spawn a more 
efficient business sector and 
pave foe way for fundamental 
- and necessary — changes in 
the Soviet Union’s pricing and 
taxation system. 

new measures amount to little 
more than official recognition 
of foe present situation. Pri- 
vate taxis and repair services 
have been operating in foe 
Soviet Union’s black economy 
for years. They are expensive, 
and the wherewithal is often 
stolen from state employers — 
that being the only reliable way 
of obtaining scarce building 
materials and spare parts. 

To this extent, foe new 
provisions may be as much an 
attempt to curb pilfering of 
state property, moonlighting 
and extortion, as a genuine 
attempt to improve supplies 
and services. If they have the 
secondary effect of reducing 
prices for services and increas- 
ing their accessibility, then foe 
Soviet consumer will also 

-legal private entrepreneurs for 
more than 60 years. The 
merchants of foe 19th century 
and foe speculators of foe 
1920s are the villains every 
child is taught to despise. 

Today’s Soviet adults have 
no experience of making or 
managing money legally. The 
business and enterprise culture 
that was burgeoning in Russia 
before 1917 has been lost So 
have the habits of hard work 
and self-motivation, as Soviet 
industry knows to its cosl As a 
result the reintroduction of 
even limited private enterprise 
presents problems of quite a 
different order from those it 
has posed in the countries of 
East and Central Europe or 
China. Russia's capitalist 
dawn will be a long time in 

on teachers’ pay 

From the President of the Second- 
ary Heads .Association 
Sir, David Han (Schools pay deal, 
17) is disingenuous, 
what has emerged from the 
Notungham/Acas talks is Car from 
perfect; it would be remarkable if 
u were. But it is a good deal better 
than either its Coventry precursor 
or the threatened Baker package. 

In respect of tbe former, it offers 
a framework within which schools 
can again be managed, and the 
contract and conditions of service 
to guarantee effectiveness. In re- 
spect of the latter, it offers a 
prospect of agreement rather than 
the compulsion that would de- 
stroy commitment and good will. 

Mr Hart dearly has his own 
reasons for withholding his sup- 
port My association, whose mem- 
bers lead threequarters of our 
secondary schools, cannot share 
them. We believe the compromise 
in from of us forms a basis for a re- 
turn to sanity. 

It recognises the aims of beads • 
and deputies, who are the linch- 
pins of the education service. It 
recognises, too, in its proposals for 
salary, appraisal and contract the 
importance of the highly experi- 
enced classroom teacher. And why 
not? Those of us who lead schools 
— particularly, perhaps, those of us 
who lead large secondary schools 
— know that such recognition is a 
precondition of recovery. 

Two cheers for the agreement It 
is worth more positive consid- 
eration than Mr Han deigns to 
afford it 
Yours faithfully, 

M. DUFFY, President 
Secondary Heads Association, 

107 St Paul's Road, Nl. 

November 17. 

From Mr Paul Savage 
Sir, David Hart General Secretary 
of the National Association of 
Head Teachers, seems to ignore 
the basic fact that head teachers 
are only as good as the teams 
which they manage. He also 
appears to believe that all teachers 
have the ambition to eventually 
become head teachers. 

Much discontent we would 
have if the latter were the case! 
There must always be a backbone 
of dedicated people who, for 
whatever reason, are content to 
derive satisfaction from doing a 
superb job at a junior level and 
head teachers must surely realise 
that such subordinates should be 
properly rewarded. 

Mr Han describes his members 
as being tbe “engine room” of the 
teaching service. He should realise 
that it is by divorcing bead 
teachers from the rest of foe crew 
that there is now mutiny over foe 

Yours sincerely, 



Mill Street, 

Islip. Oxfordshire. 

November 17. 

Aid to Ethiopia 

From Mr Julian Amery, MP for 
Brighton, Pavilion (Conservative) 
and Mr John Wilkinson, MP for 
Ruislip-Northwood (Conservative) 
Sir, Not surprisingly. Dr Jeremy 
Swift (November 10) defends the 
role of voluntary agencies working 
for development in Ethiopia in 
reply to foe statements made by 
foe ex-Commissioner for Relief 
and Rehabilitation reported by 
you on October 29 and subsequent 
to foe defection of the Ethiopian 
Minister for Foreign Affairs, Mr 
Wolde Geoigis. 

For too long there has been 
confusion between humanitarian 
aid to foe people of Ethiopia and 
foe pplitical purposes of the 
Ethiopian Government They are 
two quite distinct and separate 
issues. These two disillusioned 
Ethiopian former high officials 
state that the Dergue has used foe 
famine for its own purposes and 
thereby compounded its atrocious 
record on human rights. They call 
for foe West to recognise foe 
realities and to condemn this 
inhuman situation. Furthermore, 
by sustaining the Sudan People’s 
Liberation Army in south Sudan, 
foe Ethiopian Government is, by 
proxy, exporting famine to that 

Noue of this is to denigrate foe 
excellent work and good in- 
tentions of Dr Swift and others 
like him, but it is essential to 
assess foe situation in Ethiopia in 
its totality and not just to con- 
centrate upon the aid aspect, 
which has almost exclusively 
caught public attention since 
1984. To do otherwise is to be in 
danger of condoning repression, 
albeit unwittingly. 

Yours faithfully, 

JULIAN AMERY (President The 
British Horn of Africa Co until), 
House of Commons. 

Insider trading 

From Mr D. C. Scoit-Gany 
Sir, Insider trading is not new. In 
The Present State of Great Britain 
by John Chamber la yne, published 
in 1 726. “forestalling the market” 
(essentially no different from in- 
sider trading) was stated to be 
punished with standing on the 
Pillory. Whipping, 2 nd sometimes 
by tailing one or both Ears to foe 
Pillory, and cutting off or boring 
through foe Tongue with a hot Iron. 

If this seems a trifle severe, you 
will be pleased to know foal foe 
passage continues 
Bui of late we have left off foe 
cruelty of cutting off Ears, severe 
Whipping, branding on the Fore- 
head. Boring ifae Tongue, and the 

The pillory, it seems, was 
sufficient deterrent. 

Yours faithfully. 


6 Lebanon Park 
Twickenham, Middlesex. 

November 18. 

From Dr C. M. A . Campbell 
Sir, The view of democracy of a 
professional historian is a strange 
one (A.T.Q. Stewart “Give us 
back our voice", November 15.) 

The Anglo-Irish Agreement was 
approved by a large cross-party 
majority in the House of Com- 
mons: clearly it represents foe will 
of foe people of foe United 
Kingdom. Northern Ireland bene- 
fits enormously and dispropor- 
tionately, economically and in 
terms of international status and 
influence, by being pan of foe 
United Kingdom; yet her popula- 
tion is less than 3 per cent of foe 
total UK population and her 
people should recognize foe con- 
sequences of this when it comes to 
democratic decision-making. The 
tail may not wag foe dog. 

The most recent attempt to 
allow Northern Ireland a greater 
degree of self-determination, the 
Assembly, failed because of foe 
behaviour of foe majority of 
elected Assemblymen, who ab- 
stained from foe democratic pro- 
cess or sought to pervert it. 

Northern Ireland has foe gov- 
ernment she deserves. It is the 
responsibility of her people to look 
for alternatives at foe imminent 
general election. 

Yours faithfully, 




Co. Londoneny. 

November 15. 

From Professor Paul Wilkinson 
Sir, Mr Nicholas Scott, Minister of 
State, Northern Ireland Office 
(November 17), has rightly ex- 
posed the egregious factual errors 
contained in DrStewart’s account 
of the Anglo-Irish Agreement. But 
one cannot allow Dr Stewart’s 
attempts to portray the British 
administration in Northern Ire- 
land as a fascist tyranny to pass 
without comment 
Dr Stewart claims that HMG 
denies foe Ulster people 
foe glamour of mass rallies, of 
forests of scarlet flags and columns 
of black-shined men marching past 
foe Leader, while huge crowds cheer 
every word. . . 

Can be really be unaware that 
foe only people in the British Isles 
who habitually practise this ob- 
scene paramrlitarism, along with 
terrorism and sheer political thug- 
gery of foe type displayed at foe 
“loyalist” demonstration on 
November 15. are citizens of 

Many continue to hope that 
Ulstermen of reason and indepen- 
dence will eventually have foe 
courage to play a less sectarian 
form of politics, concentrating on 
foe fundamental economic and 
social problems which transcend 
communal divisions. But one is 
driven to despair when a leading 
intellectual in foe Ulster Prot- 
estant community can boldly 

The future of Northern Ireland will 
be decided by men with guns in their 
hands simply because there wili be 
no one else to do it. 

We tend to blame political 
violence solely on foe gunmen and 

their paramilitary leadership. Lei 
us not overlook the responsibility 
of intellectual apologists. They too 
can betray democratic values by 
becoming foe voice of unreason. 
Yours sincerely, 


University of Aberdeen, 
Department of Politics and 
International Relations, 

Edward Wright Building, 

Old Aberdeen. 

November 17. 

From Mr B. A. Tudgay 
Sir, Dr A. T. Q. Stewart will, I 
think, have little impact in Tun- 
bridge Wells — or thereabouts, in 
my case. For an historian he seems 
to have a pitifully short memory- 
He bemoans what he considers to 
be the recent loss of his civil rights 
whereas, in most respects, anyone 
who does not happen to be 
Protestant in Northern Ireland 
has, effectively, had none ever 
since partition. 

As a result of foe pol- 
itical/religious alignment in the 
province the word “democracy" 
in that awesome place has as much 
meaning as it does in East 

I suspect that most of us in and 
around Tunbridge Wells regard 
Northern Ireland as a haven of 
humourless bigotry and that noth- 
ing in Dr Stewart's article goes any 
way to persuading us to change 
our minds. 

Yours faithfully, 




Wadhurst, East Sussex. 

November 15. 

■ From Mr J. M. Gray 
Sir, I entirely agree with Dr A T. 
Q. Stewan’s view that the Conser- 
vatives should fight elections in 
Northern Ireland and urge foe 
Labour Party to do so too, and so 
give us an opportunity to vote for 
a party which could form a 
government Indeed, normality 
will not return to foe province 
until we can fully participate in foe 
party political processes of tbe 
United Kingdom. 

But Dr Stewart is wrong to say 
that no one living here is permit- 
ted to join either of these parties. 

Following upon correspondence 
with a former secretary of state 
and with tbe chairman of the 
Conservative Party at that time, 
my wife and I became (and still 
are) subscribing members of the 
Conservative Party. We joined 
The Cities of London and West- 
minster Conservative Association 
which, we were informed, is foe 
body in foe party which takes care 
of those individuals anywhere 
who have no local association in 
their area, and we did so to 
demonstrate not only our support 
for foe parts-, but also our view 
that residents of Northern Ireland 
should be able to join it 
Yours truly, 

J. M. GRAY, 



Newcastle, Co. Down. 

November 17. 

Curbing child abuse 

From Mrs J'. R. C. Gill 
Sir, The great need in preventing 
child abuse is for children gen- 
erally to be in touch with caring 
friends and neighbours. 

What every neighbourhood 
needs is a “children’s centre”, a 
place that will attract children, in 
which to spend their leisure hours, 
and a help for parents. 

This centre should have an 
adventure playground, a nursery, 
a library and quiet room for timid 
children and for homework, a 
hobbies room and an indoor 
playroom. (This, incidentally, 
would save public money by 
preventing much vandalism done 
by unloved, neglected children 
roaming the streets.) 

It could be of great help in foe 
work of caring for children by foe 
social services and health visitors 
if foe centre included a children's 

hotel where children could stay 
while permanent arrangements 
were made for them, or if fostering 
arrangements broke down. 

The feet that children were 
regular users of foe children's 
centre would mean that foe child 
was not plunged among strangers 
and could get to know its new 
foster parents. It could also be 
used to help families in crisis 
situations, where foe mother was 
ill or foe family situation in a state 
of stress. 

If children and their parents 
became friends of foe staff who 
nan foe centre, they would have 
someone in whom to confide. 
Trained staff would spot foe 
unhappy and “bruised" child and 
take appropriate action. 

Yours faithfully, 


42 Hornbeam Spring. 

Knebworth, Hertfordshire. 
November 5. 

Election fever 

From Mrs J. G. Bishop 
Sir, Mr Craig (November 17) 
might like to know that a simple 
remedy is at hand. My copy of The 
Girl's Own Paper for July, 1886, 
carries an advertisement on its 
cover for Eno's Fruit Salt, the best 
remedy for that disease. It begins 
with a lengthy quotation from The 
Lancet, part of which I beg leave 
to reproduce here: 

“Election Fever’*. This suggested 
addition to the nosological table 
may seem fanciful, but it is the 
simple expression of a feci — A 
General Election, like other popular 
turmoils. leaves its wrecks to drift to 
asylums. . . It would be well for 
those who are just now suffering 
from disturbances caused by the 

excitement of the General Election 
of 1 886 to bear this in mind, and to 
take measures with 2 view to cooling 
down as quickly as possible. . . 
There is not probably any very great 
danger of tbe professional politician 
becoming distraught or felling into a 
state of fever. . . It is the gambling 
adventurer in politics or the local 
Party zealot who is most likely to 

The well-known salt then comes 
to foe rescue and “restores foe 
nervous system to its normal 
condition, by preventing the great 
danger of poisoned blood and 
over-cerebral activity.” 

Yours faithfully, 


Dartington Parsonage, 

Tomes, South Devon. 

November 17. 

Sport ‘domination* 

From Mr Alastair Waddington 
Sir. May I respectfully suggest that 
Mr F. D. Goode's attitude towards 
Latin domination in sport 
(November 18) is indicative of 
why we have lost our influence in 
international sport The develop- 
ment of the Latin and Soviet blocs 
was a direct reaction against foe 
“disinterested” British aristocratic 
and imperial block which gov- 
erned world sport at that time. 

Instead of resigning in disgust at 
what others mi°ht regard as Latin 
and Soviet forward thinking, 
would not Mr Goode have done 
better to have stayed and fought 
from within foe system? It was 
exactly this refusal to appreciate 
the commercial and social poten- 
tial of sport that has left Britain 
with little influence in inter- 
national sporting circles today. 
Yours faithfully. 

ALaST.AJR waddington, 
Hadlow Lodge. 

Hadlow Down, 

Nr Uckfield. East Sussex. 

In foreign fields 

From Mr R. N. Lines 
Sir. On a recent visit io India I 
visited two old Christian ceme- 
teries. at Patna and Bhagalpur. 
containing the remains of a great 
number of civilian and military 
officers who served in India, and 
their families. There also foe sad 
neglect which Mr Waller, whose 
letter you publish today, found. 

While appreciating that foe 
prior need of foe churches is to 
care for present congregations and 
church buildings, interest costs no 
money and could help; respect of 
foe dead calls for nothing less. 

There was no evidence, how- 
ever, of any interest on the pan of 
the hierarchy of the Church of 
North India. The contrast with 
Roman Catholic cemeteries still in 
use was striking. 

Yours feifofullv, 


21 A Chenies Avenue, 

Little Chalfom. 

Amersham. Buckinghamshire. 
November 17. 


NOVEMBER 21 1910 

In contrast U> the harmony 
surrounding the celebration of 
Tolstoy's 80tn birthday fOn This 
Day, October 20, 1988), his last 
days turn yean later were 
turbulent and troubled. St 
Petersburg was alive with 
conflicting rumours, not only 
about t he exact day of his detail, 
but also relating to the details of 
his burial 





(From Our Own Correspondent) 
The hopes for Count Tolstoy’s 
life have had but a short reprieve. 
The end came suddenly a few 
minutes after 6 o'clock this morn- 
ing. Till within a quarter of an hour 
of the end the physicians still gave 
hope that the extreme weakness of 
the heart's action might in another 
day be overcome. Countess Tolstoy 
was admitted to her husband's 
bedside at 5.15, but he did not 
recognize her. At the moment of 
death tbe physicians alone were in 
the room. The pianist M. Golden- 
weiser and Countess Alexandra 
were in an adjoining room. 

Count Tolstoy experienced two 
violent cardiac attacks yesterday. 
During the second one he tried to 
rise and flung aside tbe medical 
attendants who were forcibly hold- 
ing him down- He declined to 
breathe tbe oxygen which was 
applied to revive him. Morphine 
was then injected, after which he 
Towards evening, Dr. 
Makovetsky wanted the patient 
moved to another bed. Count 
Tolstoy finally consented, saying — 
“Do what you will: h is all the same 
to me.” Addressing his daughter 
Tatiana the sick man. almost with 
tears, said — "There are millions of 
suffering people in the wo rid. Why 
are so many of you around me?” 
That was his last conscious) 

The Elder Vasonothius, of Optin 
Hermitage, who came to Astapovo 
to give Count Tolstoy his blessing, 
was not admitted to the bedside. 
Let me only stand at tbe thresh- 
old of foe sickroom,” he wrote to 
Countess Alexandra, 'T want to 
fulfil my mission to bless the dying 
man”; but his request was not 

It is presumed that the body will 
removed via Moscow to 
Yasnaya Poliana. All foe privately- 
owned theatres in St. Petersburg 
are closed this evening in token of 
mourning . . . 

November 19. 

I understand that, in spite of 
attempts at m e d i ation, differences 
are likely to arise between foe 
family of Count Tolstoy and M. 
Vladimir Tchertkoff on account of 
the attitude of the latter towards 
Countess Tolstoy and in conse- 
quence of the manner in which he 
has acted towards Count Tolstoy 
during past years. M. Tchertkoff is 
in possession of Count Tolstoy’s 
manus cripts including about 30 
volumes of memoirs and a novel 
entitled “Hadji Mourat." It is 
believed that Countess Sophie was 
prevented from visiting her hus- 
band by M. Tchertkoff. whose 
influence over Count Tolstoy is 
attributed to the altruistic theories 
of which he has made himself the 

ASTAPOVO, Nov. 20. 

It is stated that Count Tolstoy 
expressed the wish to be buried on 
the hill at Yasnaya Poliana where 
he had played as a child. Tolstoy's 
friends have started a movement 
for the acquisition by the nation of 
the house in which he died. 

School children are visiting the 
Hfnfo chamber, which is decorated 
with pine branches. Peasants from 
neighbouring villages are arriving 
foe station . . . 

Count Tolstoy’s family are re- 
ceiving telegrams of sympathy 
from many institutions and indi- 
viduals. Three wreaths have been 
laid on the death-bed. The body 
has been embalmed. 

The Grand Duke Nicholas Mi- 
khailovitch has sent a telegram to 
Countess Tolstoy, in which he says 
that “his whole soul is with her and 
her family at this sad moment." 

The Russkoe Znamya publishes! 
poem addressed to the “heretic" 
Leo Tolstoy, in which the writer 
styles him “foe rejected of God, the 
accursed mocker of Christ and the 
shameless and insensate apostate.” 
The poet quotes St. Mark iii., 29: — 
*But be that shall blaspheme 
against the Holy Ghost hath never 
forgiveness, but is in danger 
eternal damnation.” 

We greatly regret that, in com- 
mon with the chief Russian news- 
papers and practically foe Press off 
the whole world, we published on 
Thursday last a premature an- 
nouncement of Count Tolstoy's! 
death. The news, which was 
telegraphed to us by our St 

Petersburg Correspondent, was, it] 

may be remembered, based upon a 

telegram sent by Prince Dmitry] 
Obolensky to the Nouoe Vremya. 

was so generally believed that in 
Moscow theatrical performances 
were suspended, and foe provincial 
newspapers for the most part 
appeared with black borders on foe 
following day . . . 

Bitter-sweet memory 

From Mrs Wynne Weston-Davies 
Sir, In 1945. for the princely sum 
of five rupees, my father-in-law 
purchased from his mess a large 
bottle of Angostura bitters. Today, 
as on many another Sunday, we 
used foe same bottle to prepare 
pre-lunch pink gins. 

Does anyone know of an older 
bottle that' is still working for its 

Yours faithfully. 


12 Fitzu-illiam Road, SW4. 
November 16. 

























i a 

■ as 




COURT AMD SOCIAL Christie’s take £2.5m at 






November 20: Mr N-M. Fenn 

was recrived in audience by The 
Queen this morning and kissed 
hands upon his appointment as 
Her Majesty's Ambassador 
Extraordinary and Plenipo- 
tentiary at Dublin. 

Mrs Hum had the honour of 
being received by The Queen. 

His Excellency Monsieur 
Charles Mamadou Diop was 
received in audience by The 
Queen and presented the Letters 
of Recall or his predecessor and 
bis own Letters of Credence as 
Ambassador Extraordinary and 
Plenipotentiary from the Re- 
public of Gabon to the Court of 
St James's. 

was present, and the Gentlemen 
of the Household in Waiting 
were in attendance. 

The Lieutenant-Governor of 
Prince Edward island and Mrs 
McPtuul had the honour of 

being received by The Queen. 

The Queen, COtonet-m-Chief; 
The Queen's Lancashire Regi- 
ment, received Lieutenant* 
Colonel D.M. Black upon 
relinquishing his appointment 
as Commanding Officer of the 
1st Battalion and Lieutenant- 
Colonel C Kearns upon assum- 
ing the appointment. 

The Queen, Patron, this after- 
noon visited the Imperial Can- 
cer Reserch Fund at Lincoln's 
Inn Helds. 

Highness was entertained at 
luncheon and afte r w ards toured 
the Headquarters, escorted by 
the Chief Ambulance Officer I 
(Mr A. Johnston), and unveiled j 

English furniture sale 

By Geraldine Nonnas, Sale Room Correspondent 

a commemorative plaque. 

Mrs Richard Carew Pole was 
in attendance. 

The Priudess Anne, Mrs 
Mark Phillips, Chancellor of the 
University of London, this eve- 
ning attended a dinner at the 

Mansion House to celebrate the 
University’s 150to Anniversary. 

Her Royal Highn e s s was re- 
ceived by the Right Hon the 
Lord Mayor (Sir David Rowe- 

The value of English fur- 
niture has gone through the 
roof again with Christie's 
taking a record £2,579^43 at a 
single sale yesterday. Only , 
one per cent was left unsold 
and many pieces doubled or 
tripled premie estimates. 

The star tun was a pair of 
gOtwood sidetables designed 
by Robert Adam for the Earl 

Ham) ana the Vice^hancellor 

of the University (the Lord which^yan^ to 


Mrs Malcolm tones was in 

Having been received b y the attendance. 


(Councillor Mrs Terence Mall- of 

Inson) and the President of the TheDuchessof 

f*tu» Unn Amnia Ooitwi Gloucester this afternoon pre- 

His Excellency was accompa- 
nied by the following members 
of the Embassy, who had the 
honour of being presented to 
Her Majesty: Monsieur Jean- 
Paulin Ebare (First Counsellor), 
Monsieur Roger Tchibota- 
Souamy (Fust Counsellor), 
Monsieur Bernard PoatyBebeyo 
(Second Counsellor), and 
Monsier Laurent N'Dong (Sec- 
ond Counsellor). 

Madame Diop had the hon- 
our of being received by The 

Sir Patrick Wright (Perma- 
nent Under-Secretary of State 
for Foreign and Commonwealth 
Affairs), who had the honour of 
being received by Her Majesty. 

Her Majesty toured the lab- 
oratories and met members of 
the Council, staff and supporters 
of the Fund. 

The Hon Mary Morrison, Mr 
Robert Fellowes and Lieuten- 
ant-Commander Timothy Laur- 
ence, RN, were in attendance. 

Prior’s Trophy Competition of 
the St John Ambulance at 
Fairfield Halls, Croydon. 

Mrs Euan McCorquodate was 
in attendance: 

£286^00 (unpublished es- 
timate to £100,000*150,000), 
selling to Partridge Hoe Art 
Interest in fonutare history 
has been gathering momentum 
and these tables were among 
tite best doamwirtied to come 
on the market. Adam’s 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips, this afternoon opened 
the Gloucestershire Ambulance 
Control Headquarters, Horton 
Road, Gloucester. 

Having been received by the 
Vice-Lord-Lieutenam for Glou- 
cestershire (the Earl St Aldwyn) 
and the Chairman of the 
Gloucester Health Authority 
(Mr E. Cantwell), Her Royal 

The Duke of Gloucester has 
become Patron of the Nor- 
mandy Veterans' Association. 

watercokmr designs for them 
survive in the Soane Mmema, 
as do the accou nt s for them 
submitted by Snflerin Altai, a 
Soho cabinetmaker ranch 
patronised by Adam. 

They woe made for Cov- 

A service of thanksgiving lor the entry House in RcrmfiBy 
life and work of Prolessor Sir which was given a facelift by 

Stanley Clayton will be held in 
the Chapel of King's College 
Hospital at noon today. 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Air Vice-Marshal D.C.T. 
Bennett will be held ax St 
Clement Danes, The Strand, at 
noon today. 


St John’s Ambulance 

dent of the Turkish Republic of 
Northern Cyprus and Leader of 

the Turkish Cypriots, Mr Hakki 

The Duchess of Gloucester pre- a tun. Speaker of the Turkish 

seated the i 
John's Am 

ies at the St 
ce National 

Cypriot Parliament, and Dr 
Kenan AtakoL. Foreign Minister 

First Aid (Grand Prior’s) Com- of the Turkish Republic of 
petition after a reception held at Northern Cvrxrus. attended. 

petition after a reception held at 
the Fairfield Halls, Croydon, 
yesterday. Mr Robert Balchin, 
director-general, and the Mayor 
of Croydon received the guests. 

Northern Cyprus, attended. 
Among others present were: 

Royal Institute of Public Health 
and Hygiene 

The Lord Mayor of West- 
minster attended the centenary 
reception or the Royal Institute 
of Public Health and Hygiene 
held yesterday at 28 Portland 
Place. Dr REA- Carson, chair- 
man of council, and Mrs Carson 
received the guests. 

John Hamilton Associates 
A reception was held yesterday 
at the Army and Navy Club by 
John Hamilton Associates, the 
Guildford based management 
and recruitment consultants, to 
celebrate the recent opening of 
the firm’s London office at 
America Square, EC3. Repre- 
sentatives from legal practices 
and other businesses were 
among those present 

Mr T. Flkri 

MrTamel Flkri, London Repre- 
sentative of die Turkish Repub- 

lic of Northern Cyprus, and Mis 
Flkri, and Mr Keith Speed, MP, 
the Chairman of the All-Party 
British Parliamentary Group of 
the Friends of Turkish Cyprus, 
were hosts at a reception at the 

Queen Elizabeth II Conference 
Centre. Westminster, on Mon- 
day, November 17, to celebrate 
the Turkish Cypriot National 
Day. Mr Rauf Deuktas, Presi- 

Royal College 
of Pathologists 

The annual meeting of the 
Royal College of Pathologists 
was held yesterday, at the Royal 
College of Physicians. After- 
wards the Foundation Lecture 
was delivered by Professor R. 
Williamson, of the Department 

of Biochemistry, St Mary's Hos- 
pital Medical School. London, 
W2. Professor Williamson’s lec- 
ture was entitled “The Use of 
Cloned Genes for the Study of 
Disease**. In the evening the 
president of the college. Profes- 
sor Barbara E Oayion, was host 
at the annual dinner. Among 
those present were: 

Adam at the behest of the 
sixth eari. The tables east him 
£212 6s lid. 

Extravagant Regency fur- 
niture was again singled out 
for special attention. An un- 
usually grand mahogany Cari- 
toa House desk with ebo nfefa g 
and ormolu 

made £64,000 (estimate 
£12,000^18,000), while a 

pleasant but perfectly ordinary 

rosewood writing table with 
ormolu mounts secured 
£39,600 (estimate £10,000- 
£15,000). A set of eight Qneen 
Anne walnut chairs were sold 
for £104,500 (estimate 

There were many Ameri- 
cans at the sale, now the chief 
purchasers of expensive Eng- 
lish fanutme, as well as 
Europeans and the London 

Meanwhile, Sotheby’s had 
something for everyone. A rare 
seventeenth century European 
oil painting of a Turkish lady, 
exquisitely dressed and show- 
ing all her charms, made 
£35^00 (estimate £30,000- 

A late watercolour by Sam- 
uel Palmer depicting “The 
brothers in Comas lingering 
under die vine" in a romantic 
landscape at snnset went for 
£63400 (estimate £30J)00- 
£50,000) to an American 
collector and SJ. Phillips, the 

Birthdays today 

Sir Alex Alexander, 70; Miss 
Beryl Bain bridge, 52; Mr Roy 
Boulting, 73; Mr J. D. Btribnore, 
57; Mr GonJan Ferns. 34; Dr 
Michael Grant. 72; Air Chief 
Marshal Sir Theodore McEvoy, 
82; Professor G.EH. Reuter, 
65; Mr Tefly Savalas, 64; Eari 
Waldegrave, 81; Mr Malcolm 
Williamson, 55. 

jy«* f* • .* , . * 

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A rare seventeenth cento 
£35^00 at 

a Tnrirish lady made 

London dealers, paid £82500 
(estimate £25,00Q-£30,000) for 
a Janies I sHver-eOt steeple 
cop. Prices for Oriental nun- 
iatures, Eggllti watercolours 
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with estimates. 

In New York on Wednes- 
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Major SJLM. Cox, RADC 
and Captain MJVL Howes, 

The engagement is announced 
between Simon Robert Marten, 
only son of toe late Sir Robert 

and Miss AJ- Butcher 
The engagement is announced 
between Guy, youngest son of 
Mr and Mrs Guy Huntrods. of 
Tunbridge Wells, Kent, and 

Gox, KCB, and of Lady Cox, of Alison, elder daughter of Mr 

Newnham-on-Severn, Glou- 
cestershire, and Margaret Mary, 
only daughter of Mr SJ. Howes, 
MBE, and the late Mrs Howes, 
of Saetusham, King's Lynn, 

Thomas Butcher and the late 
Mrs Jean Butcher, of Chigwell, : 
Essex. i 

Mr M-A. Bowes 
and Miss AJX Wissler 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael, son of Mr and 
Mrs Michael Philip Bowes, of 41 
South way, Loudon, NW1 1, and 
Amanda, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Paul Wissler, of Tucker’s 
End, Chipstead, Surrey. 

Mr SJFJBL Jones 
and Miss L. Trootmann 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon, son of Mr and 
Mrs K-H.H. Jones, of Little 
Chesters, Cobham, Surrey, and 
Lena, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
E Trourmarai, of Birchwood, 
Cobham, Surrey. 

MrRJ. Brookes 
and Miss S.V. Merton 
The engagement is announced 
between Roger, son of Mr and 

Mr IJXC Kemp 
and Miss EX. Boden-Cmnmins 
The engagement is announced 
between Iain, son of Mr ! 
Crawford Kemp, of Reawick, i 

and Mrs Carlos AugustonL of 
Buenos Aires, and Emma, I 
daughter of Mrs Victor Copley- 

Micfaad Brookes, of May. of Lausanne, and Mr ! 

Broxboume, Hertfordshire, and 
Sally, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Roger Merlon, of Hoddesdon, 

Richard Boden-Cummins, of 

Mr H. Fimns 
and Miss N. White 
The engagement is announced 
between Hugh, second son of 

Mr AJX Longworth-Kntfit 
and Miss ICE. Soper 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew David, youn- 
gest son of Dr G. and Dr G 
Longworth-Krafft. of Win- 

be tween Hugh, second son of Longworth-Krafft, of Win- 
Colonel M.MLS. Funds, retd, of Chester, Hampshire, and Kato- 
Chiswick, London, and of Mrs ryn Elizabeth, elder daughter of 

Sally Fixmis, of Sydney, Austra- Mr and Mis G. Sloper, of 
lia, and Nicola, only daughter of Maidenhead, Berkshire. 

Mr and Mrs Donald R. White, 
of Pyrford, Woking, Surrey. 

Mr DJ\ Heath me engage™ 

and Miss AJM. Sheppy ^erwen Pfaili 

The engagemem is announced *V R - 5 
between David Peter, only son *enmng.otc. 
of Mr and Mrs EE. Heath, of 
Cook’s Place, Albury, Surrey, Mrs MAR. 
and Angela Mary, only daughter London, 
of Mr and Mrs Richard Sheppy, 
of Three Bridges, Bradford-on- jUnmoc 
Tone, Somerset. lTltiliJtlg 

Mr PJDJL Venning 
and Miss EJA Powers 
The engagement is announced 
between Philip, son of the late 
Mr R.R. Venning and Mrs R. 
Venning, of Clifton, Bristol, and 
Elizabeth, daughter of Mr and I 
Mrs MAR. Powers, of High- 

Mr PJS. 1 
and Miss 
The enga 
between 1 

•M. Lander 
cut is announced 
elder son of Mr 

between Peter, elder son of Mr Dr Paul Sidhu, younger son of 
and Mrs NJ. Ho nigra ve, of Mr arid Mrs G.T3. Sidhu, 


Dr P. Sidhu 

and Miss M- Losso 

The marriage took place cm 

October 18, 1986. in London, of 

Dr Paul Sidhu, younger son of 

Auckland. New Zealand, and 
Mary, only daughter of the late 
Mr J.H. Lander and of Mrs 
Lander, of Wimbledon. 

Kuala Lumpur, to Miss Monica 
Losso, only daughter of Mr and 
Mrs M. Losso. of Foroi di 
Sopra, Italy. 


Lord JWOcp watkim, 
Jusikv Simon Brawn. Mr ” 

The Speaker and Mrs Weatherill 
gave a dinner yesterday evening 
in Speaker’s House. The guests 

Jusikv Simon Brawn. Mr 

Haintiann. Sir Derek Outton. QC. 

Rpttort Sprtd. QC..Judw Sir Jama 

EJBkki. OC. merarta of London). Mr 
CJM BvfuwtL Mr H B Cava. Vko-Ad- 

*r or Tanga. Mr AUscatr 
. and Mre Burt. Mr WiW 
, mp. and Mrs Cc«w*dt Mr 

Jbcon. MP. and Mre Dlxan. 

Mr Ainande- EaOK. MP. and Mre 
EM*. Mr Antnony Faven . 

Mre RavrtL Mr Nigel Forman. MP. Mr 

and Mrs Hamilton. Mr RWuri 
HKhmet. MP. and Mrs HJekirwt Mr 
Peter UStor. MP. and LM». Mr 
las QC. MP- and Mrs 

Mr Robert Msrtenwn- MP- and 
Mre Macunnan. Mr Paid Mari ond. 
MP. and Mre Manand. ot miito 
M ilter. MP. «w Mp Mfljer. Mr 
Michael Stern. MP. and MreSlwiu Mr 
and Mn wauam Beaumont, rather A 
- -- uiwck Dalai 

miral J J Black. Mrs Mlcii*n wheder. 
the Dean of Si Paul's. Mr J M 

Wkkmon tpr m d en t. Law Sociaty}. 
Mr Robert Alexander. OC. (chairman. 
Bar OouncUI. Mr Richard Ctamher- 
ain. Mr P L Surgm and Cantam P M 
Carver. RN. (under treasurer. 
Uncutn's Hint. 

Gourove. Mr and Mrs • 

ana l Mr and MR Peter KttcaU. 

Lincoln's Ins 

Mr M.M. Wheeler. QC, Trea- 
surer of Lincoln's Inn, and life 
Masters of the Bench enter- 
tained at dinner in hall last night 
it bring the Grand Day of 
Michaelmas Term. The guests 

Joan Vucountos BtedWoe. Lady 
wtagory. Lady ftnmU d KlUowen. 
Baroness Ryder or War saw. Lord 
Bridge of Harwtcn (treasurer, inner 
Templei. Lord Richardson of 

Apothecaries’ Society of London 
Mr W.F.W. South wood. Master 
of toe Apothecaries’ Society of 
London, assisted by Dr J-F. 
Fisher, Senior Warden, and 
Colonel F.G. Netld. Junior War- 
den, presided at a dinner held at 
Apothecaries’ Hall yesterday. 
Major-General J.A. Ward- 
Booth also spoke. Among those 
present were Sir Brian 
windeyer. Sir Brian Warren. 
Professor L Taylor, Mr W. 
Fraser, Commander W. 
Hucklesby and Professor D. 

(Manor of the Rolls and treasurer. 

Two Cities Dining Chib 
Mr John MacGregor. Chief . 
Secretary to HM Treasury, 
accompanied by Mrs 
MacGregor, was the guest . 
speaker at a dinner of tbeTwo 

November 1 6 ai the age of 84, turned ttlwUa, became as 

s ssnr mg, -g-™ 


of staff at Trieste dmis a 

.. t. 


[ tense period in that - city’s 

history, before it was returned 
to Italian rale. . ' 

1948 he vrent as chwf of staff 
to Trieste, at that time trader 
the protection of and 



•* . -T3 r y* - 

'*SSTLm+ Went- troops. WithYt^ 

worth MaSovSTbwTi on slavia 

Evuron waa-.uviu vu 

5; 1902 and educated and seveftl 

terfanuseandtheRoval to seize it, these were tose 

Military Academy, Woolwich. 
He was conunisakraed in the 

Royal Artillery .in 1922 and 
from 1925 to 1927 served wifo 
the Royal West African Fron- 
tier Force. 

be ready to make a response to 
any aggressive move. As chief 
ofstaffat both the British and 
Allied HQs Martin played a 
role in ensuring hannowoos 

tier rorce. . iuw o — — - — . — 

From 1928 to 1929 he was coopoatitmtetw^b^^. 
nrivaie secretary to the Gover- rncrats of the occupyii^ forces. 

acuciril J W Luvvnj n _ Dmen+rtC WHtt Often OOt 

nor of Assam and in 1930 
transferred to the Indian 
Army. He went to the 8th 
King George Vs Own Light 
Cavalry, but in 1936 attended 
the Staff College, Camberiey, 
one of the few Indian Army 
officers to do so. 

Prospects were often not 
rosy for ex-Indian Army offi- 
cers in the post-™ period, 
hut in 1951 be became deputy 
chief of staff to Marshal Jum, 
Allied C-in-C Land Forces 
Central Europe, in the early, 
tentative days of collective 


In 1938 he became staff European security. Hjs final 
captain to the Meerut Cavalry appointment . was as wc 

n - , ■ • ■ i it, Cniicinmi Plam iJiKf riCL anti 

Brigade ami served with it 
during o per a t i o ns in Iraq and 
Persia before going as Briga- 
dier General Staff to General 
Alexander in 1943. 

: in 1944 he went out to 
Burma where be became seo- 

Salisbury Plain District, and 
be retired in 1956. 

Martin was a tou gh' g rafes- 
sional buz a good staff man 
who got on with people in 
spite of a not particularly 
affable exterior. He was a fine 

DlUUia WjU&Lw lie. J . 

oad-in-coramand of the 1st tinguist and was an interpreter 
Indian Armoured Brigade. He in French, German, Urdu and 

served with this - the only 
armoured brigade in the 14th 
Army - throughout all the 
fighting involved in the ad- 


He married, in 1944, Mrs 
Jean Lindsay Barnes. She died 
in 1978. 


Dr David Lewis, who died On his return to Eng l and he 

on November 2, at the age of worked for the Medical Re- 
77,, was noted for his oontribu- search Council, with regular 

tion to medical entomology 
over a period of 50 years. 

David James Lewis was 
bom on June 1, 1909. FTOm an 

early age, be was fascinated by 
entomology, an interest which 
he developed at Marlborough 
and Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge. He then studied at the 
London School of Hygiene 
and Tropical Medicine, before 
working abroad for 22 yeais, 
first in Albania then in the 
Sudan. . 

toteffing £13^68, with 10 per 
cent left unsold. 

A Matisse bronze of 1907 
from an edition of 10 enttflte 
“Nu Coucfae r , measnrmg 
.only 18 inches, sold for 
$1,430,000 (estimate 
$700,000-5900,000) ®r 
£993,055, a pice record for a 
Mamse sauptnre. 

There was a record for 
Bonnard at £687,506, for 
Franz Marc at £57^916 and 
for Berthe Morisot at 

visits all over the world: to 
Brazil, many African coun- 
tries, Iran and Pakistan. In 
1972 he visited Borneo to 
investigate orang-outan 


He studied the taxonomy 
and distribution of disease* 

FTOm 1 974 he worked in the 
Natural History Museum on a 
number ofMRC projects. Last 
yrar be was awarded toe Sir 
Rickard Christophers Medal, 
the citation acknowledging 
him as toe world's feading 
authority on sandflies. 

carrying bitir% flies, he and his 
wife often themselves acting 
as the insect traps. His re- 
search contributed greatly to 

search contributed greatly to 
toe reduction of suffering 
from disease. The results were 
written op in a series of careful 
papers. For his. published 
work, he was awarded a 
Doctorate of Science by Cam- 
bridge University. 

David Lewis was always 
self-effacing, even-tempered 
and positive, whether in toe 
Sudan bosh or at home in 
Chelsea. Research was his 
love and he showed steady 
dedication to it all through ms 
life. He had little taste for 
administration. He was fortu- 
nate never fiiUy to retire. 

In 1944 he married Lesley 
Lawrence who survives him. 


Mr Gilbert • Alan 
Kennington, author, play- 
wright, and schoolmaster, 
died on November 10 at the 
age of 79. He wrote more than 
thirty novels and plays. 

He was educated at lancing 
and Merton College, Oxford, 
where he read history. 

It was during a year in 
Germany that he wrote his 
first novel. Fritzi, which was 
published in 1932. The book 
received high critical acclaim, . 
but his most successful work 
was toe thriller, The Night Has 
Eyes, which was a Crime Book 
Society choice, French Book 
of the Month Choice, and sold 
more than 100,000 copies in 

t was made into a film 

1 during the .war and gave the j 
late James Mason his first 1 
starring role. 

Kennington taught classics 
at St Aubyns Preparatory 
School, Rottingdean, from 
1929 until 1970, when felling 
eyesight forced his retirement 
He was an inspiring teacher, 
who made Latin seem a living 
language and ancient history ^ , 
as exciting as the contempo- w < 
rary world. 

His last book. Hemlock 
Galore, was published in 1974. 

In later years, increasing 
blindness made it difficult for 
him to write in longhand, and 
be could not easily develop his 
themes with a tape-recorder. 

He -married Mrs Tonti 
Rycroftin 1944. 

v c r .k «M 

• "-VS 



Mrs Gwendolen Beatrice 
Moore, known as author and 
artist by her maiden name,- 
Gwen While, died recently 
aged 84. 

She was born on November 
22, 1901, and educated at the 
Maynard School, Exeter, 
Bournemouth Art School and 
toe Royal College of Art As a 
student she wrote and illus- 
trated her book Ancient & 
Modem Dolls (1 928). 

Later she became well- 
known for her knowledge of 
dolls, and developed her mu- 
seum studies into lively illus- 
trations for her books: A Book 
of Dolls (1956); Dolls qf the 
World (1962); and her mag- 
num opus; European & Ameri- 

can Dolls (1966) which 
includes her compilation of 
makers' marks, now much 
consulted by curators and 

She wrote a number of 
programmes for BBC 
children’s television (1957- 
58), depicting various aspects 
of nature, on lengthy rolls of 
grey paper wound past the 
camera whilst toe story was 

She also wrote on toys: toe 
charming King Penguin A 
Book qf Toys (1946), which 
sold over 57,000 copies; An- 
tique Toys and Their Back- 
ground (1971^ and Toys, 
Dolls, Automata : Marks & 
Labels ( 1975). 

For 20 years she taught al St 
Albans School of Art 

Her textbook Perspective: A 
Guide for Artists. Architects 
and Designers (1968) was 
translated into Japanese, Ger- 
man and Portuguese. 

Gwen White was instru- 
mental in modifying the rules 
of Public Lending Right be- 
fore submission to Parlia- 
ment, to make them fairer to 

Over a period of fifty years 
she was a regular exhibitor at 
the Royal Academy Summer 
Exhibitions, and a special 
show of her original drawings 
for her books on dolls and toys 
was held in 1980 at the 
Bethnal Green Museum. 

In 1934 toe married Charles 
Rupert Moore, stained glass 
designer and aeronautical art- 
ist, who died in 1982. They are 
survived by their three sorts. 


■ - Lt 


L Off 


‘-• J -tv** 

Ones Dining Club held at the St 
Emins Hotel yesterday. Mr 
Kenneth Dibben, chair man 
presided and Mr Donald Stew- 
art also spoke. 

Mr raid Mrs David 
..Mark Wetram. 

rs Mark WdnMnK 

Feratgon^ SuncIligr Rtetwrd W ajfcq> 
AmotL OMndDor Ntdtolns H FTce- 

55g Ul «^a»uiid3SrD0^ m 

General Coancft and Register of 

Ear! De La Warr, President of 
the General Council and Reg- 
ister of Osteopaths, presided at 
th e gol den jubilee dinner held 
yesterday at Barber. Surgeons* 
Hafl. Lord Cullen of Ashbourne, 
Mr Roy Galley, MP, and Mr 
B.U Lambert, chairman, also 
spoke. Among others present 
were: . . 


Mr Robin Leigb-Pemberton, 
Governor of the Bank of Eng- 
land, was the guest of honour at 

a dinner given by the Directors 
of Granville & Company last 

night at the Goldsmiths' Hall 
Among those present were: 

Lord Eniute. Mr M«rtyn R«es. mp 
A dmiral Sir William and Laov 
S'E£2 r vKr s i?*9 < ? snen ’ MP.JSTp 

Apukyant and Mr Jortn Manser 
I ns tits non of Mechanical 

of Kensington and 

The Mayor and Mayoress of 
Kensington and Chelsea gave a 
dinner at the Town Hair yes- 
terday. Among those present 

The Loro 

- and 


of Graetnr 


„ .. ■ MP. 

-.nw. Mayor or wi 
enttoad and Mr 
DT And Mra RJH 

- " l ynn a 

Professor B. Crossland, Presi- 
dent of the Institution -p f 
Mechanical Engineers, was fe 
the chair at the annual dinner of 
toe institution held at the Hilton 
hotel, last night. The principal 
speakers were Mr Tom King, 
MP, -and Mr Robert Malpas. 
Among those present were: 

hr . 

ij* fj&p 






rock te no n«Mk. and aw refuge. tt fo 

llWlif i iii i inn ini mill in in 

gore. to AUwo (nfe.HWden) and 
fUctanL a mq. Tlmomy Edward 
James, a brother for Matthew. 

COCKRAfiE - on Novaaber 19. to Flo- 
ra (M nsbo? and David, a 
dammar, . . 

(o Kane (ode Camsbofljawl ftficbtf. a 


MUE5 COATES - On Nwenoer 
19th. m Hama Cote Bulan) and 
Anthony- a son. Thomas AsStooay. a 
nroOier for Ban and Sophia. 

HEU - On tea Ntmmbtr at Tbe 
John Rhttciffft. Oxford to Dtos (nn 
Carratt) and WBHam a son. Staton 

outturn. On 19th November, to 
Lena orfe Lett and Roderick. a son, 
Laurence Alexander Lee. a brother 
for Camandn- 

PAWSKI— On November 19th 1966 *1 
The BarratL Northampton. Id Jane 
tnce Besatay) and Steven, o son. 
Thomas Eduard. 

HIUIMB - On November 18th. In 
London. to Fumel ad Adam, a 
daughter. CUo Anne. 

~ MAMIN -On November iTUi 1986. at 
Kfog E dward VH*a Hospital for 
OBkxm. London. PWUp Veto, deafly 
Moved hubs* at Peony and 
of Amanda. Rebecca. 

' Arsneiia. Requten Mata and crema- 
tion on Thursday 20th November for 
tuaoy only. PobUe Service of 
ThanksgMne st SL Andrew’s 
Church. Ota Heaatngton. Oxford. fo- 
«*«y. Friday 2 1st November at 2 JO 
ML Famfiy flowera only. Dtmahona 
E wished to National Society fbrCan- 
. «r Belief. Anchor Home. 16 Britten 
Street SW3. ■ - 

■AYS - On November 20th. Grace 
May, peaoafUOy after a long foneas. 
Bdovedwtfe of James CDonald and . 
adored mathar of Angela, smart and 
MeUwfa. Smite at Buriay ParWa 
Church. 2jo pm Wednesday No- 
vember 26th. No flowers. Donations, 
if Mrcd. to AttbdnM's Disease So- , 
dety. Bid- floor. Bank , 

Ptfoiam Broadway London SW6 1 ^ 
mbcatta On 17th November. Pec I 
Moved wtte of the late Edgar and 
abler of -Laura and Re* (deceased! 
Fmwral service on Monday 24th No- 
wkw a t i jo pro Mmttaftc 
Cfenmuxtum. No flowera or letters 

BORO -On Notwtfw 19th. penooftdty 
in Brltftton. Ghaiteg. u the aoe of 8K 
Much loved father of Oottn. can* 
and Alan. Funeral private. 

BOULTHE - on 17th November, at 
die Royal MbkbUc HootoL Barba- 
ra. Widow of Gaptein Oerakt Edward 
Bontthce. Royal Nervy and mneh 
loved mother of Anthony. MarfooW 
and Rosemary. Funeral Sendee. 
junUy only, to be held at SL John's 
Crematorium. Woking, smrey on 
Tuesday 86th Novembo’ at 300 pm.. 
Flowers please to JJL Kenyan Ltd. 
49 Matloes Road. London W8 6LA. 

CMBMtCT - On November 20th. 
peftcefbOy after a stroke, the very 
Reverend Canoe pump Dermis 
OorMehtte. aged 60. Much loved eon 
of Philip, and- Margaret Cocblshley. i 
brother of Bobbetlie. men and I 
Mary. Rcqtrient Maas at Wo hU ngba m 
School on Friday 26th November at ! 
11-30 am. Memorial Mas in West- 
minster. Cathedral Tuesday 9th 
December al 1 pm. 

DABffY - On November t9tfa 1986 
peacefully at home In S ha ckle for d. 
Surrey. “BBV. Yov laughter wfl 
always be with m. The Fumnl Ser- 
vice wfll be held at SI Mary's 
Oiurch, Shackleford on Monday No- 
vember 24th at IS noon. followed hV 
a private cremation. AH flowers to J 
Gontage and Son. 66 Hare Lae. 
Famcontbe. Godaindng. Surrey. 
Telephone 04868 6403. 

EVANS LOMBE - On November 19tb 
very Peacefully in Bream. Efieeo Jo- 
sephine Maty aged 92. 

RWPHAM - On November 11th 1906. 
in an Ea s t b oarne homllaL Hugh 
Alexander, aged 92 ware. Officer, 
(brother) of me Order of SL John. 
Funeral Sendee has taken place. 
RAULARMPI - On 4lfa November, af- 
ter a long Ufcieos. at her rafctence in . 
Crabbed Creek, NS.W n BBUe. for- 
merly of The Chase, Backdown. 
Leamington Spa. Wotts. 

HARDY - On November 19th 1986. 
peacefully at Ms home. Reddish Man- 
or. Sonntng Gomtm. near Reading. 
Berkshire. Doctor Arthur jack Har- 
dy. much loved husband of Mary 
and nther of Jane. EUeabeth and 
Kale. Memorial Sendee at Aft Saints. 
Rodierfleld Pep pa n L an Wednesday 
November 26th at I2J0pm. 

HOVEL - On November 17th 198& 
peacefully al home. Richard Punkxt 
Kepnei CM.O. fcetewetJ h u s ba nd of 
Ruin, loving fattier of Rupert. To tor 
and CrtseMa and grandfather of Re- 
becca and Letafe. Sendee at St 
Nicholas’. Nether WfaKfieodon at 
2.00pm on Tuesday 26th November. 
Family Dowers only, donation* If de- 
sired to Aylesbury Vale Hospice 
Appeal, Stoke MandpvWe HoopUaf. 
Memorial Sendee to be a rr an ged 

KEARNEY ■ On November 20th.- 
peacefufiy af home wfib fomfly. 
Albert WUbam. aged 88 ran. 
Funeral Service at St Andrpw* 
Church. ToOeridpe. .on TforadW 
November 27m at 2 pan. FamOy 
flowers only. K desired. danatkm to. 
The Raynl AssodnHon for XfoabOtty 
and ftetwfcQRHOon. 

LEWIS -On November URhTWbdfkad, 
late Hon. Secretary • of tew* 
Kumar Mamk Trust, eidar daughter 
of the tale Tom and Masgsret Lewis 

of Horrahridee Devon, deter Of EXse 

and the late Sydney. 

LUDBROOK-On 1 8th November, sud- 
denly. John Arthur of Wembley. 
Service on Tuesday 2Sih November, 
at SL Augustine'S Church, wwnbtey 
Park at 1-46 wn. BmM a* 
Carpemtere Park Cemetery. Fsmtty 
flowers only, but donatkws. If de- 
sired. to: The Midtflesev Association 
Of Boys Chibs. Enquiries Ik O 
Savifle A Son Lid. 902 4643: 
MACRAW - On November I9tfi 1986 
at home L'AsOe. Sark. GhaPM b- 
lands Janet much loved by foregy 
• and many mauls. Funeral at St Pe- 
ters church. Sark I2JO pm on 
Saturday ggnd November. Any oo: 
nations to Professor Mate. Mud 
Medical Fond. c/o Midland Bank. 

• WHH IWIM - On N o wnto I30i 
1986. at Mahtdfuis Hospital. Dr 
Irena. A 8tevto* <* Thanksgiving wO 
be held M the Chucn of St Ttwmaa 
Moore. West Matting, (cent at 12 
noon on Friday 28m November. NO 
flowera pteoK. donations If desired to 
Medical Aid for Poland. 04 Denbigh 
SL London SW1 2EU. 

PAYUMB - On NovembO' 19. peacefid- 
ty after a abort flliwss. Margard 
Annie (nte Rated), aged 71. betovad 
mother of HRacy . Foomal Tnmdsy 1 
November 26 at Randans Park Cre- 
ra owhim . Le afo erhead. at 2 pm. No 
Oowen by raqneat Danatkm if de- 
^ed hi Princess AUce Hospice. 
Esher, Surrey. Through VILA. True- 
tovettd. 118 Carebamn Rd. Sutton. 

RAMSON - (hi 1401 November 1986. 
suddenly, at San Pedro de Alcantara. 
Spam. Dr Frederick Tamos Ramon 
of Shanghai 
SEAL See Paytfng 

SKRRim - On November 18th 1986. 
peacefully at Thames Bank. Goring 
On Thames, after a long fflaess. WH- 
ttam George (TUnX aged 88 years. 
Much loved timhand of Joan and 
dear father ot Michael and Robert 
OanaOon at ReaCBng Crermnortura. 
on Tuesdur November 25th at 1 1-46 
am. Famky flowem only pteose. but 
dananoos may be sent to the Sue Ry- 
der Home. Netttebed. Henley On 
Th ames. Orem. 

WELSH - On November I71t> 1986. 
Denis ^ WDan DanteL aged 66 years, 
of Eastbourne Gardens. East Shear. 
Sadly missed by fondly and blends. 
Cremation at Morltafc* Crematori- 
um. Monday November 24th al 2 
pm. Flowers to T.H. Bandas. 447 
Uppe r Richmond Rd West. SW14. 
WEST - On 14Hi November. ■»«*■— "»y 
in Sussex Hugh Grevtlle Fovargue 
West of MayflehL Sussex loving bus- 
band of ihe late Marjorie, beloved 
unde and loyal blend. Creroanoa at 
Tunbridge Wells on FMday 28tb No- 
vember at 2J0 pjx. Farafty flowera 
only. *»»*— inv—i To w ju fa j 
Cancer Research Fund. 




Life wring tnancM it known, bed 
mwoWde throng* feck of fends to 
2000 people wbo dc an»afiy front 
kidney Mm, PJeajc hdp esat a 
reprieve for max Of them tins year 
Donums uk 

Bordon, Hams, 

TbL Borden 2021/2 ; 

Whatever year osMene ■ 
W your OCO rSW 




to yam- iwnX i op new - £19.96 

rtCAS* N*LW The Nadenal Beamatant 
Fund Are the Aged to provide tog- 
mo** Mr the- rente of pain in mate 
Uooe rate attnn. fifio 0»* a aneatoa. 
Oo n e n o n i Wn to -Tbe Vtacotmf 
Tnnyvoody. tta a m NBFA. 36. New 
Broad St. London EC2M inh- 
txPAriOMa puauanres wom me to 

lor tan AidHar».lr yon MwwrVtto 

a book nm o o eu ve t pa mha ooa vme 
. MepopbTKii/ad iw book cutn 
LTD. 20 Hgb etreot LOMva. SUM 
BW T K4). 

IK n t a wr . Oortaa on Themes. M- 
omosi ReUrcaMM Home wn to to aerrn 
bonierlno too Thames. OS91-«72BSS. 



Wicandm besunui nanirti cork bhs. 

Fxrrmety 1>SM wcaitns dw bsk uaai. 

tar can our £8.98 ssr m ya + m 
Momktem versa site carpet 14 ptaai 
“ten. teak to vnotnay Vt wide 
non aoex 7 year wsar gutoanue cor 
tarns or eflim. £4.76 per m yd + vsl 
P te th e targea a deeneu of Natncar- 
mUas to London. 

148 wanonuarth Bridge Ad 
P ersona Orem swo 

Tel-01-731 -3368/9 

rres EMBMeoCmert FlHtog 


Ba sure you te ctum M orm ons' 
Ow prices cant m mtaed. 


BAteanrSL NWj 
01 935 8682 
Artmerr toaee, SEie • 

Ol 854 4517 


ear. ten 




. Worldwide tow row moms 
The oral • and we ran prove K 
196.000 riMwis since 1970 

U7S £600 
£003 U OO 
£390 £748 
£209 £380 

£309 £410 
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£848 £396 












ncw vom 

FORBES - James David Urite t On this 
your anniversary. 21st Nc va ndter 
1976. So sadly missed Deo Opttano 

GRANT WATSON - Herbert AdoMu 
Oram Watoon CM.O. KM. Dfoto- 
' matte Service- 21st November 1971. 
.MV adored and deeply loved Bertie. 
So gentle and so wise. Katherine. 

POLNAY - Peter de ftotnay. author, 
died in Paris, an November 21«. 
1984. Hie wiffc. son and ftfewb re- 
member Mpr with tore. 

y_ — S55v 5555 1 

E4 a fine + 15% VAT 

- (minimum 3 lines) 
.Announcements, auffacniicalcd by 
the name and permanent address 
of the sender, may be sent ux 

- PO BOX 484 
Vivsisiia Street 
London El 9XS 

or iriephoaed (by telephone sub- 
scribers only) to: (0-4*1 SB2L 

Science report 

Scenting success in 
fight to save the otter 

By Pearce Wright, S cienc e Editor 

Attempts to stop the dedinc of wily possible bwauK of work ] 5 
lire otler, by rt^wpalatiQg areas years ago by Mr Philip Wayre, 
from which they have dis- the naturalist, who found a way 
appeared with cubs bred in of breeding die animals m 
captivity, is showing signs of captivity at the Otter Trust m 


Scientists be&ve that five 
years of patient research has 


When it was decided to 
release some into the wild, a 

years or pancm iraautu — . ~ 

confirmed a practica! method of breedmg colony wwestabhshed 
re-introducing families of ottere in a large pen away from contact 

4 I I " ' MfSili man CA tnP CfPSltTITPft 

into their natural habitat. 

They are optimistic because 
some of the mammals re-in- 
iroduced have started to breed. 

Four groups have been .ns 
leased, three of them consisting 
of one male and two females. 
The special preparations tor 
breeding animals for release, 
and tire development of meth- 

with man, so the creatures 
remained untamed. They were 
released when they were 18 , 
months (rid. They were trans- 
ferred to an open pen, but one 
concealed with vegetati o n, on 
an. island in a river. 

They were observed st first by 
radio-tracking using a ‘transmit*’ 
ter attached to a harness. The 

ana Utc ucvauuuiai« at u».iu- — * — , — — .. . . , 

ods for monitoring their device was designed tod^nte- 
progress. are described in the grate after three ninths. 
Journal of the Oner Trust. . revealed ihen-pmods^a^v^r 
A paper by Dr Don Jeffenes and rea. w^n they wweswxm- 
and colleagues from the Nature nung, how far they travelled 1 at 
Conservancy ConncO and the night and how long it took them 
trust traces the decline of the to establish their territory. One 
oner, Lutra ham, over 30 years, group sealed in an area e^end- 
It began with the introduction mg 15 miles downst ream a nd 
of the diddrin group of inseo- more than four miles upstream 
“• . • Th> imuMf itidniu* travelled 

licides in I9S6 and was mad e 
worse by whfespread desttne- 
tion of suitable habitat and 
cover for the animals, and 
disturbance of waterways. 

There are now fears that the 
fragmentary remaining poptria; 
tiou is too small to sustain itselL 
So. the otgeci of the fresh 
research is to release new fam- 
ilies fo areas that form pockets 
between places where there are 

The attempt is bang made m 
East Anglia; But the project was 

Service dinners 

HMS Daedalus 

Rear-Admiral LE. Middleton, 
Flag Officer Naval Command, 
was the guest of honour at so. a 
Taranto Night dinner given, by 
the Wardroom of HMS Daeda- 
lus in Lcc-OH-Solcnt_ yesterday. 
Commander R.F. Edmonds. 
RN. presided mid Captain R-C. 
Moytan-Jones. Captain of HMS 
D^dahis, was among those 
present. . •; * 


Major-General A.P.W. 
MaeLeDan. Resident Governor 

uune uw — — - 

The longest distance travelled 
in one mght was over seven 
- miles. The scientists c a l culate 
that st a mean swimming speed 
■ of 1,472 metres an hour this 
would take 7.8 hours of contma- 
ous swimming. - 
They conclude that the 1 1 
otters released and then- off- 
spring, perhapsa frinher three to 
six »"»raaig| must now form a 
substantial proportion .of the 
otter population m East Anglia. 

Source: Journal qf the Otter 
Trust s volume 1 , number 9. 

‘ and Keeper of the Jewel House, 
HM Tower of London, attended 
the Clover Club ( 8 lb Indian 

Division) annual dinner held at 

HM Tower of London yes- 
terday. Brigadier John 
Woodrofle was in the chair and 
Colonel TA. Buchanan, presi- 
dent of the club, was present. 

RN College, Greenwich 
Commodore GLA. Eades. Com- 
modore Royal Naval Staff Col- 
lege, was the principal guests at a 

dinner held in the Rusted HAU. 
Royal Naval College, Green- 
wich. yesterday. Commander T. 
Jones., commander, of The Col- 
lege. presided. - -. 1 


HAFFV BirttMtav. Rrtoccss. Lows 3’oa tor 

Wyoussostd. idMn LCtoKtol 



01 491 2777 

1 117 KM Luxury t hs teno— 4 w n no u i 
ctaor te city At BHdmwaH Macs te 
Wasp tep HlHi SL LA (VP. 700 HQ n wtte 

wdrasoL «■» fisiy nwmm utetan 
and MMon Fitted carpets. CH A ear 
PArfctog. Special price Mow current 
teAftat (or cwty sate. £10X000. Tot 
errrtan Ot 62S 8818 (tend 0838 77346 


Wnf. Loop or MUm k. Alt ages, 
areas, emmok. DntiOisUAtsmn 
Rote. London WB. T«£ 01-938 ion. 

IRAK Mm rsenwera d tv Rn A rtto ra. 
H ate u iw te o . Tel: Ol 272 8301. 

eQMVCYAMCRMtoi M7 totettoed Salta, 
ten. £180 + VAT and standard 
dlte w e n ten te tins 0244 319398. 

■HMS. London Senate of Brtdgs and 

• Oub 38 KtafB Road. SWS. m-fie9 

SB CoS os and we*D (tod your ideal 
owe. PtMsion Rush fiutuv sesrcti 
01-781 7127 


UMA £278 £806 

LOS ANBEU3 £198 rwi 

- NEW YORK £ 99 £198 

WASHtNOTON £137 C274 

BOSTON £137 £274 

HONOLULU £281 £487 

GENEVA £ 76 £ B9 


Eimte/USA FtWOi 01-937 8400 
Lora Huai FUgtea 01-803 16IB 
Id/BuMltna O w n Ol -938 3444 
OMcrnowM Ltrenwd/BoadM 


foURoa caoc syohcy jtso 



DavaOWAT £350 MtAle £330 


iR/tgb tan a, wi 
. TO- 01-4^32^08 


fora £M N YORK an 

Frankfort CM VjySF £355 

I -agos ESSO Miami £320 

Noootii £303 Sinjapoft £420 

-lo-bcrj £460 BaScok £335 

Cairo £203 K j um i tea £440 

Dd/Bom £335 Roateos £350 

Hom Koof DIO Okisn £425 

{for npctetea And oa In A Oat) date 


21 Swallow Si. London Wi 

01-09 2100/437 0537 


N SButo . Jo "Burn. Cairo. DtteoL 

btenlnd. Stogopore. KJ_ Dettu, 
fowi fl talr , Hang Kara- Sydnty. 

SORRKLL - A Manorial Sovtca for 
Professor Alan GanmcB. wfll ta twkl 
InTtte ChaMi. Untvostty of Katfe. 
on Saturday December I5tti at 2J0 


•too aM price. Mna Has 92! Wsst 
Otetteate. BwKord. O«o 94148 USA. 

destouboataases. bureteis * «0 pen 
Me. Ol 946 7683 day .Ol 7890471 1 

ion Ctoacn slwb M 01829 9618. 

painted f mature. Mr Atedco Ol 947 
S946. 607-669 CnraS Lana. EonteMd. 

aaltwMds. evrrvlMne muat be deored 
aM cltraocst Pftees. Firewood dee. 
BUra yotn- own nw. Sat 22nd and 29th 
November and tod 6th Derandter. loom 
• Jam, t inTC O. CtUoten ted Ete. Carpeo- 
bn Rd.. Bow. CIS. Ol 789 0448. 
■nO ALP RKAnA W wsowce a broodl ra . 

Md t Wd l Otoe no no t ... not teat Iw would 

tlkeio be retnHMM or X Son at Goidea 
Turkey Awaads daaa tan thte Plite han- 

tn T*T r._ f J°j f 2H*swiJ^Sr WO Sv%l» n ™*to 
tet a ta «to i» raw. Oh tetM i ea W AaauaA 

te >6 Gotoen 
; to* range In 

CASFCTfc 80% Wool Velvet £11.99 eg 
tod to cteorne. 809, wool twM £8.99 
aa yrd lO cteotn. Martetcw Velour 
£4.99 gq yrd. prtoa bte tua lws te VAT. 
We ran anppto and 01 any make ol cor- 
Pte- Abacus Carpet Co. TM: 01-940 
6142 or 01-948 0800 
the waaKon cimdu. Tbo worars 

Europe. 6 The Americas. 

76 Shafltebmy Avenue 
London WIV7DO. 

01-439 0102/01-439 7751 
Open Saturday 10-00-13.00 






1 week 20 Dec catme ctaim 

ladvinr ot togbl 


01-370 0999/0256 


121. 8Md Road- London swto 


Ski Free d om lute great pte a jure u 

announang ipr wanner « tbrtr Ftrat 
Free Hondo* Pnxr Draw. Mra H. I_ 
Dewei' %v»n* a tioMdar for 2 tn Stedeu. 

224. m King street 
N 6 ORA 

01-741 4471 


Slotted ana wtu e n ter toa didca te 
ME3tlBE3_ VDOtra. A1UNSAL 004 
AHA8BA. Limited CMamn and New 
Year Jvqila tottf y el m toe om btc loves. 

>0225) 380777 >24 nre) 

Acccte/Vtao/Amcx Weteama- 

1U8T France ■ Sueer ec « nvmng 

iki iwtodays in tee best Frenra mom. 
Rng lor new heocTuue now. 

Trt Ol 789 2S92 
ABTA 6928b Atol 1383. 

SKI WEST - HEW! Socdal ten on 
voun. RING FOR A DEAL! Alan other 
amazingly low prices starting pi £59. 
oak tor a copy te our bumper broemra. 
toil 786 9999. Abtt 69256 Atol 1388. 

HEME* Catered rttateL steeps 7/10. 
trenrfi rook, super food, near dates. Ot 
6B6 J»M. 

LA CU1MZ. French Ski Onm Bcsfctent 
state. Superb, trad, arcten. s/ral tote. 
Tel t0242» 603696 uua/U 602T76 

SMI wiuaei vga A Mw Year. 
^teiorS^te. S/C IF £1 IS. B/B ft 
£136. Hotel Reatra £235. Madison 
0902 45297. ABTA 
MOWOHLO Too Ski ft— m . Lowest 
Prices tram £59. ABTA. Broch u r e: ot 
602 4626. 



In mnaiw qaut cal dr nc; a feUy 
fttmisbcC interior desgned maoonetie 
(erd A l« Boor.) Uige rittfog room 
wnh halcony. arcrc*!? t tjfDing/ mom- 
ing room. Fully fined kricben/ 
torak&a rm. 2 beds. 2 btofo. Co Let 
1-2 yean prr£ £300 PW. 

Home 0! 603 5461/ 
Office 01 409 2299 

If you have quality prooerty 

to let. tefl us. 


Expen professoral service. 

270 Earts Cmot Road. SWS 

01-244 7353 



Luxury Studio. 1 & 2 Bed ants 
serviced 6 days pw. 24 hour 
por t erage. 

For stewing teteohone. 

01-493 0887 or 
01-409 2373 


BOP Coots Nq Bkt Seas o n s ssnob hotel 
Chalet. France cw Geneva) 01 711 

CHALET GHU wanted for Cburctavfl 
(France) chalets. Pteasr cal 0484 

WAD Chef required, txaenoar e In 
Indonesan/ M a tavsini coUik: must 
nave teteuy Id oruantse me utrheit: 
fttorii raking and stair managrmeni. The 
rrsu uarant is siumm in Henley, salary 
tteootiabte. Contact Mr nq an 01-734 

MB1CL Mathem hate. Fondly require 
termed Britan tody *20 * ' to help took 
after 3 yr oH gtrt. TttOl -409^2562 


M M B I Fit osi Ftdiy nmuanM a 
bedniomed flat to presage DMOc. cteoe to 
HI am menttlcfl. £126 pw ToL Ol 946 

AVMUftE HOW Luxury mite & houses 
£300 ■ £14)00 per week. Tel: Burgess 
Ml 5156. 

LONSDALE MUAHE Nl. Craven an. 
Luxury 1 bed patio flat. Newly refiv- 
tdshed £116 pw. Ol 609 0058 

MAYFASt Lux t/r fin OaL 2 bednm. 

loiaioe rreep. shon/tora M. FRxn £228 

PW. Ol 493 7830 

Draqn***. Permanent A temporary 
p oou r o n s. AMSA Soecteltet Wo cr umoe n i 
Cenlunb. Ol 734 0632 


esrvn, aircraft acgidgnt 


Nonce is hereby given, purauant tottep. 
teaura lO (1) of me CtvU Avuttm 
Unvesaatelra te AccManbu RtteWMa. 
1983, that an Inspector's Urveatrgation un- 
der ihe said Regulations is taking place 
into the csrcumsteaces and causes te the 
acddsnl mat occurad on 6 November 
1986. 2ft mDn east north oast Sumburoh 
Airfield. SMttrads to Boeing Vertoi 254 
G-BWFC ngtetagd to the name te Brthsb 
Interaattocwd Helioopters Llndted. 

Any persons who desire u make revre- 
sentaUons as to the circumstances or 
causes or the acodent should do so in will- 
ing to the Oder Inspector ot Accidents. 
Accidents toveshgahon Branch. Dcpan- 
cnent at TraoraarL Royal Atreralt 
Estate tatunenl- Farnborougti. Hants. 
GUI 4 STD within 14 days ot ihe date te 
this notice and shouto quote the reference 

Doled ods 13 day of November 1986 






HftTIMV DOC 7 Ohm somaene an rm- 
■d Tk*es mchraspte- dated the very 
day ther wen ben. £1260. 0482- 

root by Witte te London. Star iol length 
46T Perfect COM. X1.200L (0652) 

aura, toad bound ready for te cs ente 
BOR - atsd “Sundays". £ 12750 . 
n— ill mTiiT VAm. 01-688 svrt 
TtC M lt FOt MT EVXMT, Cats. Star- 
WW Baa- Cm Us Mb. Ml MKM 
and retorts. Tat 821-0616/828- 

(H 9 SAEX /. Vto / Dtnera. 

ply to BOX JS9. 

CATC, CHESS, Las Mtejsnd Ptraraom. AM 
, UNWretotoraoit. 1414381768. ABBfS- 
i lertradB m 

: PIMM, vary pretty tettyed watool ra- 
riqM. Bator pteytra enter, traed. 
£846. MM C ra dUlo n 01-483 0148. 
1M7 PtraH Calendar. Ettanlc Ifaetne. mart 
sort after cateodar. OBbra. ToL 01-600- 

Boidonqsot Lyra 1923 No BB £6.000. 
Charles Jocquot State 1862 £4^oa 
Botb Uimnra enl s emine ntly ouBahlc for 

7S»3 " mLr ^""' T- 

ROYAL POM E TOH P-unrar- wMte bone 
chtoo. 18 carat qoM aimed. Raya) Odd. 
12 Place dinner set. tee sec and coffee 
sec ram condneo. cost new n 
CM tow price £78000 -£*40632) 

IWHT quo My wool carpets. At hade 
prices and raider, also rawb ioo’b 
extra. Large roam tern remnants water 
half normal price. Chancery Onpete Ol 
406 0463. 


TCflMAM LAftnmi <M. 27X non motor. 

ta London. Rom JPmwryTo Jane 87. on 
Britan Council FaOowxup. socks com- 
fortsWe room, in prtyato tonne as 
pawns gra iwrw n nn arm pro- 
ftrrod. Kbftr wtse- BHoara 
Helnznrltna. tomnrusii arse 26. 6941' 
A mmte i ni l I. Weal Germany. 

PB W M Y IMw gMteEBl UA 
wardtan rasewoqd _ rase. Good 
condmorv. CTJtXl 0293 22278 
FULLtenothCaradtan Lime cool Stte 10. 

£261X1 Tot Ol 86 4 8 4 8 3. 

SlftATVORB Upon Avon. 10 mHe». Cran- 
ny cottage. Iraworafc. • beta. 
Faramoc M i e h c n . Acre land. Comcr- 
vaiira area. £318.000 066 4 3 2484. 


^ How near T 
we are to 
the cure... 
...depends on you. 

room in tapRy tar nr Utoe. Female. 
Nonamteter. Lrag laL £36 pw. me. Use 
ofa mrnWrs : nratilti i machine, etc. Raf- 
erencss tmmHal Tel: 01-603 3610. 

m. Mum N/B. tat. Vt/F. to don 
luxury RaL large O/R. CM. po mod. 
com. Near BR stadra. tVicc/L BrUtoeX 
060 par month Pd. Tel 3)1 670 3636 

(after a pa) 

CUfM I I Xjswi ib etara a mmy gar- 
den nx. £2io pan. Tel: Ol 673 8216 

■ft 1/2 tkbdtee tartly (laL D rates to 
tube. £60 pp. pw esMve, TetOl 938 
4103 iewenlnaa ralyx 

V ANTED N I M B I (WA W.8) Orhan ge 
domesur work. Cordon bteu. sd/ifp. 
Wr sp raMMe. pratesstonuL TbtOI 229 
6974 taftes- 4 jun) wk Aar A Crau. 

m— mown m— Bi i fm pn(» 

stanaL acre. M/F to stare harery BN. 
Single room. TV. video. wasMnq m- 
cMta A drier. Ctom to htoc. OCH. AVM 
new. £40 pw esecL Tel 01 416 0638 


We can't 
care for the 
victims of 
cancer unless 
you do. 

Ybu cart help us to replace- 
fear and despair with calm and 
dignity for co many, by making 
a legacy, covenant or donation. 

BROMLEY O/R for lyotaNonN personte 
aim flat. N/S prata Tod. (20 mtao BR 
vkteria) £42 yw toOuNw (plus paora). 
TN: Ol 464 2873. 

■AM ft ff neor me pond. Own d w ftlsbtd 
mom and loange to quirt fomoy bouse. 
Suitable for young cerate. £220 pas. 
tecl. Trt 748 4398- 

CfttBKR - female, own room hr young 
bousr- bohL £100 pern escL TtaOl 996 

FLATMATES SetocHve Staring- JM 
estob Introductory serrtra Ptee tel for 
appe 01-689 S491. 313 BnWn 
Road. SW3 

LOVELY waa furnhtad 3 tadrorawd rial 
auertooitra Banertoo RprtcjuttaMe 
3/4 rate, port a rapa. GCH. £200 nw. 
TbCm-672 7248. 

MITC. Own room. Large Cat wah waettfra 
maebtoa. to A garden. 6 rates Mw. 
£162J0 pm. Pref male. Non total 
RtngOl 462 9296. 

Own men. £60 pw tocturtve. 

h garden. 


SC I*. Prte M/F to 

fte cay. £48 pw. Ol 36B OOBS (after 7> 
M4 toretty baseuteni IW with pardon, 
eame/frtnalc. 26 gka. own room. £260 
om. 256 6612 nd 224 day. 603 9991 

Oemeeio a rw taomH 5« -or, iv Cirw. Pew* • | 


thatlcaritgivei v 

Diabeies is not infectious but 

it can strike anyone. It is still 

Incurable but we can fight - 
the damage and suffering it 
can cause- cveiy year more 
than 1.500 chikla-n develop 
diabetes, the hidden disease. 

Join us in the 
fight. Vfcntxd 
xxjurheJp -Now 



111 Queen Ann** Street. London 

WIMUfiD. utils-— 

w w fti W B ft fft eo rogo M rei Pmrjo 
■ share large house, o/r. CRTr.wra. 
lO rntns Vlaorta. £60 pw Bod. Tsfc Ol- 

MTTOtSCA very ntcr now 3rd M/F 
rrofatrtonal Own room- £47 perwta. 
odislvr 01-666 2688 after 6JOpm 
BLACKIKATH To raar* Musa. Own deu- 
. bla room. PrtoatoM praraj. 26*- 
£180 pom m f u avf. Ol 862 5673. 
ftOiLAKft MM 01-229 0478. Female, 
o/r tn comfortable OaL Ctooe all non- 
port. £140 pm. tort. neoHra oc- 
M2 an. own non to tacury M- TV. 
OL video. CDnnnW ga rdens £46 pw 
T«£ 01-461-6841 

PUTNEY Hffl Girl O/R. N/S. atarr ta 
CteL garden. ci96pon Inc Gas/elec. Ol 
789 0796 

qnrm club go** pto* yt 

bednn In tax 3 bed maoteon Oat. £226 
pm Cad- Tel: 01-3856621 am phrae 
SKMc pwon to etara fee Mato, irtjh CH 
& aariiaa. Nr. +. o/r. £36 pw 
exrt TIL-Ol -732-4932 eves / w/cads. 
SW2 1»«* WF Rl nal 1 Mber. Odd. OIL 

wan m- 

£130 pcm ata. 674 7642 after 6 30w a 
WAHTCB Reliable pnrf F. n/s. 30X sotos 
torae room in flaz/bcsoe Cemrrt/W/Sw 
Landes. Tek Ol 876 5506. Sva/WU 

A* TOUT* BbOtfrtHte N York £349. 
LA/San Fran £329. Sydney /MeBiotgne 
£769. All direcl daily OHdili Daetrtr 130 
Jenayn StreeCOl B99 7144 

C OS T tUl l lM B Oft m**/tm* to Ete 
rope. DBA ft mart ww «»— 
r ew nmei Travet 01-730 2201. ABTA 

counes. Sunwond Travel. 8)3727) 
26097 /2T109/27S3& 

STD/MEL £636 Perth £666. All nwtar 
carvten to Aua/NZ. 01-584 7371 

CHEAP FI (phis w arid wide. Haymarart 
01-930 1566. 

MSCOOHT FARES Worldwide: 01-434 
0734 Jupiter Travel. 

. Mto Trt U.XXX 077831 887036. 

FtJBinftOokSftS DWtotwFarasworid. 
wide, let/ecraomy. 01-387 9100 

MAURA. CA W A RIES ot 441 till. 

M OftO CCO BOUND. Regent to- Wl. Ol 
734 6307. ABTA/AloL 

*- AFRICA From £466. OX-684 7371 

Ol 736 8191. ABTA ATOL- 

T4 HR— I A. SICILY £136 8pectal -LATE 
BRIDS- Winter Offer 18 booked within 
7 days of departure). Price rutty tntf 
rtn. Qalwicn ntgbi levwy w»«l tlamL 

iraaeforv A/Thjl. 7 ntghte BAB In twin 

rao« wall noth/rttawei and wc. 14 
togbti g £l» Single + CIBwfc. NO 
HIDOEN EXTRAS. Offer vnHd IM 25 
March "87. 6UND SUN 01-222 7462 


MRU Wide Ch ea g l n Never fcaowMatv 
under- mid. re bent any fora, on any 
nan. any where in toe world Dtarounia 
on hotete. CredU cants wrtcnneXalim 
TraveL ABTA. Try uo. Trt Ol 679 

TAKE TCHE OFF to Rtote. Amsberdasn. 
B n ra ra. Braga. Genova. Berne. Lau- 
ranra. Zurich. The Hapue. Dublin, 
mwen. Boutogne ft Oteppe. Ttme Off. 
2a. Chester Ooo e . Inn Oo n SWIX 7BO. 
01-238 8070. 

£4»rtn £764- Aurtdaod o/w £420 (tn 
ST770. Jontrt o/w £246 rtn £486. Loo 
Angelas o/w £178 rtn £340. London 
FVsM Centre 01-370 6332. 

OMC CALL for some or toe Pest deals In 
founts. apartoMM. Hotels and car tore. 
Trt Lradon 01 636 6000. Ittewhetlsr 
061 832 2000. Air Travel Advisory 

XMAS, winter. St ra i ner. Algarve. Tener- 
ife. Craecr. Turkey. Spam. Egypt. Sri 
Lanka and many more tab/iurtm. 
VlMin 0742 331 too ATOL 9034. 
BA HB Aftt Ate Fares. Caribbean. 
AurtrrttnrtH. USA. Africa. Far Cart. In- 
dia. laobecnid 01-737 0669/2162. 

Oftftsnus cmUL M CM hM on ' 
sandy boach qrom H/row. 1 wk £299. 2 
wks £365 RtoQ Ran world Mondays Ol 
734 2862. 

UTM AMERICA. Low curt fortra r.g. 
Rio £486. uma £496 (to. Ateo Kurt) 
Ctara Holiday JourneyMog Peru foom 
£360) JLA 01-747-3108 
WB FARES TO America. Ame rada ft 

New ZBaJand-TeLOi- 930 2666 Herrass 
Travel 30 WMtehrtL London. 8WL. 
ABTA 34B5X . 

^MMLnrEaA Africa. Airline Apfd 
A« TTlyvate. 48 Marram SteeeL Wl. 
01 5BO 2928 (Vtea Accept ed) 

Far Eaw- Austraha C ap toe 

Te5 f O^ 2EA* 5TB6 ^ w A ^ 

HEW YORK. LJL. USA. Wertduods dma- 
nanras. For toe amaoesl rare*, tey ns 
W- fortraomf TraveL l Duke Street, 
mrtunt tp d ga rr ey- ABTA Ol-SOQ 4073. 

Oatwtek/Las Palmas IB Dec £227 -Me^ 
Ma 22 OcranMr. C178. 01 723 6964. 

Malta Morocco. Greece. Mrtaqa ft Te- 
Dertf*. Nov ft DM. Ran Worm Holldnrs 
01 734 2662. 

ALICANTE. Faro. Mahea esc. Duend 
Travel ATOL 1783. 01-681 4641. 
Horsham 66641 

WH8CM Concorde. Jan/FB6 87 to 
Baroadea AnHgun etc. 6oec *M pnceo- 
0244 41131. 


The dart Iran for rental. 73 8 
James SL SW1. 01 491 0802. 
EXMtore /WORLD WIDE lowest lares on 
rtra i er / artted ute d ns. POot FUrtu Ol 
651 0107. Art Atol 1893. 
nftST/CLUBCtees Cenooroa Dteeoanted 
bra Dumas TraveL 01-488 soil 

MOLLAMD. Daily lllftb. £35 O/W. ZS6 
Rto. Fun afut i Brent £69. parade Jet. 
Ol S79 3322 

■OHO MW 8488, 8 SMB I t OR £369. 
SfoBapara £467. Ota*r FE rttte*. 01-684 
6914 ABTA. 

LOWEST Air FrtCL MmUbM Enrara ft 
woridwtde. Med Star TraveL Ol 92S 


TMBSIA. njT your brtktoy wbera Us MB 

nranwr cad lor our brochtd« now Tu- 

nwan Travel Bnmro. ox-373 rail. 
ALL UK CITreS Lowest (am on mrtor 
Kftwtutod tanten. 01-554 7371 .ABTA 



DCW. SOtti/Zlsl December 


Ovalst Hotel savMe 



SAVE £89 

Otoirt Hotel Drew* Btanshcs 



SAVE £89 


Otata Matron) 



SAVE £63 


Chalet La Orange 



SAVE £108 

Chalet Sacha! 



SAVE £110 

AMnea APB. 

• SC 


SAVE £156 


Cum Rauch 



SAVE £106 

Offering Hofei. Seff catering ft Okaiel Partial ta 47 al Empe% up resora 
March Dtps. 01-785 2200 ABTA 15723 

0422 78121 ATOL 1232 


CLAPflAM SouihsMe. Luxury furnished 
Hal In aouoM after tocattoa wutdn wrtk- 
ng dtetance of tube and C umu ton. 5 
bedroo ms , largo uving room, futad 
Idtchen. gas CM. Own garden. £idOto- 
cruatvc. company let pra te ah te. Trt: E 
Hugh Henry ft Co: Ol 720 1208- 
In raw block. 2 double bedrooms. 2 
baths. sMttng/dtning rm. Modem kitch- 
en. Parking. Avafiabfe raw. Long let. 
£400 nw. Mnsketk 01 981 2216 
Wll. writer's mart mewstae. 2/3 beds. 2 
baew. Recent. Row terr Huge k|L aoa 
£200 pw. Tel 727 2692. 

NEST RENSMBEON A Benetton Of r/V 1- 
3 bed apt-mete. £120 - £200 pw toe 676 
1896 T 

A WEST END FU1 and Horaes Urt to Fbe 
Safe/LeL Davis Worts Ol 402 7381. 
Wll Seif contained gu dto BaL £l lQ per 
week. Telephone: Ol 727 7227 
«urw.e EXECUTIVE Seeks tar 
Rat/tatne: UP to ESOOpw. Usual fees 
raq. PtJttiUo Kay ft Lewis. Souto of toe 
Park. Cheism office. 01-362 Bill or 
North ot toe Perk. nogeePs task office. 
01-686 9882. 

HOLLAira PARK, sugar* nan Oat In det 
her. Han. 2 tor v tte o an t recaps. CPen- 
ecad dining mu l ante. 2 sngle bods. 2 
baths eci suite, tft UL garaqr * off a 
pkng.B alarm. Ch.hw Inc £396pw CD 
tel otdy 603 TT49 W 0296 748814. 

2 BED newly eonv. FT FlaL Near Borons 
Court Tube. AvaB end Nov. Conway 
tel only. ClfiOpw. 01-493 4998. 
CftELICA 2 town ritefdshed flaL phone, 
available 16th Dec. Company Let- £1 IO , 
pw Tel: 01362-8752 
TWE1EEA nm 1 bedroom II to. Uvtoq 
rm. UL been. C nifteo t tocaoon. Long 
let. £760 pcm exrt. Trt® 1-581 -2662 
CHRISTMAS LrL tames to Htogate VU- 
bp- Kensington. 2 pet te oo ms . ca B 229 

BO CH UM M* Flats and h oueee to tel 
tt ra MMM the O o riri te W a seen. Tdfll- 
790 9660 

KDOWARE ROAD 2 ndra tube 6 ffM bad 
IWn (tad. sum family or M ehara. Ol 437 
2443 iwtxkl/ 0927B 3443 after 6 pm. 
DEAL FOR vtsltors. South Koartngton- 
FtiDy serviced flats for 2. Lift. Phone. 
Cm TV etc 01-684 2414/0512 64201 
HEMnni TO*m Newly dec 1 rate bed. 
Stoina room/diner. kR and bath- £100 
pw. TehOI 226 042a . 

VMCHLEV 1 bed tra Oats. CH. TV. tele. 
phone, entryphone etc Senrtrfd LB 
mins CW Avert End Fully furntehed. 
Iron £226 pw 01-883 0042. 
HAMPSTEAD Loner epdt level mateon- 
ette. cloea to tubes. 2 double bedrooms. 

3 months I ye or Company tel. £160 
pw Tel. Ol 486 7443 weekdays am or 
01 722 0972 ™iiflfenrti 
BUIHI PARK- Lovely epactous fUra 
flat In cteqaol detached house. HML 2 
toe dbte bedims, ige imp. kh/dWng. 
bath. Off ■! okng. cat. hw me £250 aw 
Oo tel only. 605 7749 or 0296 748814. 
BARNES S/C turn OaL I bednn- sflBhg 
rm kfL bath. paOa CH. £460pan aU 
tart, soh buatness couple. Tec ot 876 
a ro. _ 

wshed flrts from CiSCtow- 

UOOO to Kensfngbin ft surrounding 
areas Bonham ft Reeves. 0I-93B 3622. 
MAYFAIR , Hycte Pvt ihe most luxurious 
tong/snori lets 1/6 bean, best prices 
Ool» Aparunems Ot 936 6612. 
MUSWKLL WLL NIO Spocwus sonny. 1 
bed Rat. FuBy fura and newly decorated 
with garden. Non smokera only. £120 
pw. 01 883 9006 

OFF BOLTONS SWIOl Bad Stott* roan 
wnn own kit/ okfn room, tn torae tom- 
By house. £40.pwtart-TrtOi 3736*17 
LWJ un/urn. attractive large RaL t/2 
recep. 3/4 beds. 2 Mh. kh/dtoer. newty 
dec. carpeted. Oo tel. £360 pw 01 7Z7 
4721 / 01 831 7466 
SW1. Attractive town none on 3 Roam 
neounfiifly deco ra ted IhrortohouL 8 
beds. 2 receg. UL IMS. Srtrak^rort 
terrace. £800 pw. Cootes 628 82ft l . 
SWL Loorty toteriar dec and rum m«- 
sonette tn outot rated. 6t 3 tale beds, 
dnesatog rm imp, kti/btart. 2 bens. A 
staff at £27Byw. Onto- 8Z8 82B1- 
937 MU The number to r e m e mb e r 


UTC ORN C MEWS SW8 Soperb new 3 , 
bed. 2 bath integral gorge. Arch house. . 
£186 pw. Company let pre f erred. Ol 1 
682 8573. j 

W2 anrantve 1 double bedroom 1 atttng 1 
room RM. to outet Pretty Bgys water So.. 
£178 PW. tort. Tel: Ol 229 8082 

don from £325 pw plus VAT. RUN 
Town House Apartments 373 3433 

AKENTMirmW Qmet 3rm flat for 1/2. 
New decor T V. Gta/ tennis. AMtoues. 
£13Bpw. 684 8267/ 998 7220 I-Tpm. 

■ ■Wll 8IABIWI III! Ill 1 pirn 

CM T.V. 24 hr Sw. Telex. CrtUngWim 
Apartments. 01-373 6306. 

EALBM W»- mnucdite 2 beWoom mod- 
ern ant Door F*a. Fu£y runumea. 
Tiled Bathroom. Shower. Separate wc. 

KnOMn/Dtonr. Sepornie Lounge. £600 
pcm. £1600 Returnable Denoaa Re- 
quired. Mtnbmna Canteaa 1 Year Trt 
01 998 6105 

REBENTS PARK Newly redecorated flat 
10 vary nigh standard in luxury modern 
block wun porterage, BfL CCW. Doable 
bedroom, lounpe/dtntnp. kHrtien. beih- 
room. hall, bokony £166 pw.a vsBih i e 
immediately TefcOl 441 8733. 

ARUMOTON HOUSE OieriooUng Green 
Pali. CKte R«U- Prouge 2/3 Bed flat. 
Up to 6 yi lease No premium. Peter W 
Hurt burn 4> cm 01 M) mil 

EDCK OF CHELSEA Brirtrf 2 bed. gorran 
flat, new converston. sasOL d/uosher. 
(/dryer, wash. nt/c. m/wave, rr/rraeer 
(4c. Short or tong M. £200 pw Tel: Ol 
562 two or Ol 881 0660 

fBOUBHTTRM New l Mdrootnod mew* 
tease, avattanie for company la. smad 
m modem wtoi ob ocBUteA rarage. 
catour Lv. etc. £160.00 per week TeL 
01 878 4518 (anytime) 

HUMtOSCreU. NWS. FuBy ftimbhed2 
bed OM available - rammtun st* months 
(ram Monday. November*!. £160 pw 
week, todtidtng colour TV. GCH aoa 
rata. Call tow tone: 01-722 8306. 

TT« LONG /SHORT LET specialists. We 

nave a ige wnooh or hnmry 1/2/5/ 

4 Bedroom note wun mold service. Inte- 
rior it ua limit ft centrally tocaacd. Avert 
Now Oanftanght taoperlie* 727 3080 

F V CAFF (Management Serricxsj Ud re- 
quire iMuieirrbt to Central. South and 
wm London Arras for wooing appls- 
rante tel 01 221 B838 - 

LARGE HOUSE Uftfurafohod. Hereford 
Rd. W2. 5 Bed. 5 ret &W. facing Cdo. 
Alarmed C500 pw (or £6M pw wffii I 
ned stan nal) Tel 01 7Z7 2110 

PUTNEV Lintury new modern Mock, rf- 
ceptxm. kdenen. bamroom. 2 doable 
rawoon m M owollaMe for enm ynta f 
let £160.00 per week TetOl B7S4316 

STB KEMSBfOTDH SW7. Untoue mews 
Use. mortMft «U e#y recepBM i . 2 
t i edrm a lacuzzl ft Blower rm. 08 
Realty 01-68! 0012 

rand, lor djofomus. executives. Long A 
snort lets in Ml area. Unfriend ft co 
48- AJOemkrie St Wi. 01-499 B53A 

NOTICE IS HEftBl C2VEN that Ihe Secretary ot State has introduced into ihe Mouse of 
Commons in ihe prvsem Session ihe Norfolk end Buff oik Broads HD lor purposes of 
winch the foitowtog a a ronctsr summary - 

I To establish a Broods Authority 1 "the Authority-*) as a statutory aumortly 10 devetno. 
rmrienrandmanape. for ihemirpoarsof navlgauon. toe^enranonstemtenremert 

rtnaura beauty and the promotion of public rnfoymrfit. an area dertraated as -the 
NNrt m Ihe D»trm» of North Norfolk. Broadland ate South Norfolk, ihe Borourti of 
Oreaflannouthand ihe City of Norwich to ihe County of Norfolk aid uie DMUWt of 
Watenry In uwOounty of Suflolk shown on tar deposited map referred to brlow-.ate to 
protidr for the apoouitmrnl of members of Ihe Authority by the local authorlUm lor 
fff “ST® •"raratiluent lirawiSriite ^ cSS^roi 
Comm, man, me Natu re Conservancy Comtek. Ihe Crete Yarmouth Part and Haven 
cramraeiooer (-ComroMstaners-*). ihe AngMan Water Authority and the Secretary te 

2. To confer on thr Authortty exrtusfte powers aa 0 dtetrict Planning autterny wtthtn Ito 
area wuh iratel to local plans, ptanning control and e nfo rcement, listing end 
pmmauan of naUdlags. hraanlous substances, pmervatfon ate punting of lives, 
control ofatfi erf laments, waste late and conservation areas under Ihe Town and 
Country Planning Arts ate reteud cnacumnde; ate to confer on u further functions lor 
conned eo purposes and with respect id the pro, boon of nature reserves- roup try parks, 
feres*, tn open couanry . the grtrvMan te caroming and ptrnte rttes. ear pans ate other 
fariHues in ronoertton wun com m on lands, country park* and tong distance routes, tte 
aeguirttion and guankanstap of ancieni roonuments, designaUtm and control of arras of 
arch ta teoo ute importance, the managemenl of land ate the funding of conservation ta 
M the Broads were a National Park 'Including powers thereby conferred for tte 
romotesory arqutattan of Undi under specfflrd provisions te ihe National Parks and 
Arrest to Ihe CDuntryudr Act 1949. ihe Local Authorkin (HMorir Buildings' Act 1962. 
thr Countryside Art 1968. Uae Ancient Momanemsate Araiarotaglcrt Areas Art 1979 
and Ihe WUdUfe and Countryside Art 1981: 

3 To RMdrr on me Authority to rotation to he ana further funriiam w«h respect to the 
maintenanre and bnorsvvment te subtree and the provteton te moo rin gs, 
arcommodallon. ram p k i g tries, study re w ires ate other bdlUet. with provision tar the 
r omm il w iy around in of land, or rights In land, for ihota purposes on authorisation ay 
the Secretary 01 Stale, the formtdatian. tn consultation with Internal drainage boards. 
Uve Anghan water Authority and other bodies, and with the agreement of Dvr Minister of 
Aenndiurr. Fnftertes ate Food i~inc kbnfetrr) of codas of oraefk* for (he carrying oui 
of land drainage works. Ihe carrying out of works, ate funding, for the improvement te 
the duality of water, whh provision lor conauhauon by the Water Authority with the 
Authority on Dropouts affecting water Quality: protection Of statutes: protection and 
regulation of common lands and open spaces: conservation of buildings «M other livings 
and funding therefor- me creation, alteration and stopping up of lootnMhi and the 
iruemrnanre te pubffr paths the preservation of trees, (unrhons wnn respect to raravan 
sdrs. derebel land, refuse illsiinisl and lluer. and the pa b tie auon of Information: 

« General powers for the Authority m do anytning expedient for Carrying out its 
,aor i! D ?5: to"«totog P owers 10 acquire, manege, reclaim ate dlsprae ol Prooerty. carry 
oui huucbng or other operations and cany on any taw or undertaking: 

5 Provisions to require- the Authority to pubtah. and review periodically, after 
ttmiMUwn will, 11s roMMusM authorities ate oum- bodies. ■ Plan aettang out Us pohev 
tar inr neirne of He luncmms and. in accordance wtth guidance taued by the 
Count lYSMtrCommmum. to draw up and to review, period rally, after ctmsuiuiion with 
Ihe nature Conservancy Cotnvrtl and other bodies, anus 01 areas of grazing marsh, lew 
marsh, reed tad or broad leaved woodland in the Broads whose natural beauty should 

5 2**" 1 ;- andteovtsion for d s sip n a u oo of any such area, by order Of me Secretary 
Of Stale and Ihe Mkuvlrr. as an area in whlrn odor notice te specified operations 
af fort mg ■* rharacicr muu be gtv«n to live Authority . wKn rawer* te eMiY <m land lor 
Mirti Pmnacv 

6 Oftwra t powers for uie making by the Authority, subject to coaftnnaiton by uie 
St fl * ttry °* ***•*■- ®* Ntbwi for the prevention of damage 10 late or things and 
inii-ifenwv wuh the aubtlr entoymrni of late Including prohibition or restriction of 
lr »»*. — ? aepnw t te n ibbteh; rad ihe appomtmrnl for the Authority te officer*, 
including the nav toaiion officers referred 10 briow ate their denude*, id art ta. wardens 
to Brtvne and urt the public: 

T To confer on ihr AMterily fonettaos for the malnM-ttanre. protection, improve m ent 
ate devetoptnem of navigabon In a navtgatkxi area within me Broads cofnprtrtng Ihe 
Riverv Bure, lift and wavracy and their trtoutaries to the esienl of the public right ot 
navigation 1 hereto including the banks of those waterways Out excluding Ihe Haven ot 
Great YamHHdh ua further om touted in Ihe BOH: to dteapplv the Crete Yarmouth Port 
and Haven Arts and Order* 1866 to (9B6 tn rotation to uw navigation area: and to 
empower the Secretary of state, by order, to proven! the use te the navigation area by 
vends of a speed loo clan: 

B. The apoototmrnt by the Authority of a Navagahoa Committee, c o mp ri s i n g six or Us 
member s lUMiuamg a! least one re wes e mauve of me Conumauonersl and 
representatives ot the owners ate user* of Measure craft and users ol the nartgaUon 
area, appointment by the Authority of a navigation officer for Uw Norwich navigauoa 
< namely, me River wrnsum briow Foundry Bridge and the River Yare wnun the 
navigation area briow the coMIuence of the Riser wneum) and a Broads navtgaiion 
of I Her for the remainder of Us navtgaaon area, including provision whereby Ihe Habote 
Master Of Crete Yarmouth may be appointed as me navigation office for the Norwich 
nat wauon or lor bow mat navigation ate the Broads navigffttop: a te provision for the 
detrgaiton to Ihe Co muu idonirg by the Authority of any of its nav-foaMsi I unc tions : 

9 Oruernt pow e rs 1t» the tnWnaeR. k nutu venie u t and droetoomenl of me 
Authority-* navigation area. Including powers for the making of byelaws. suMrct to 
confirmation by uw Secretary of Stale, for the good m aneg thi eul of me area, the 
conservation te amateura and U»e promotion of recreation and for regulating the use of 
the waterways, prescribing nav rational rules, regulating moorings, requiring persons 
having marge of natre ng er boats for reward to be qutetflrd, prescribing standards of 
niBururtMMi and eoiapmenl for vessris tar ihe puroaee of safety and Uw prevention of 
Pollution and none, and byelaws for the registration of pfepsure craft. With funner 
srovWfoos for payment of fees therefor. Uw csdscefUilon of such regtstrauan of spectned 
grounds and appeal to a matesirates* court ngtenst a refusal or cancellation ot 
re ptc i ra t i o n, power to obtain Idenl tocra lion or person* in charge te pleasure boats, and 
pros won for Wtpkisn by a giv enttnl with the ComwisUoners. Of 41 hu i u wphUs ter the 
rcmstraUon of pleasure boats and Uw collectloa of steos payable in reroect Iherete and of 
dues payable under serum* 26 and 27 te Uw Harbours Art 1964: 

to Further genera* powers for Ihe main te nance m UprovtiBont te tha navKMtoa 
are*, the srovraon te I at Mines rad works by the Authority and powers to dredge within 
the navigation area, provwan to require Uie Authority ta) 10 maintain the Norwich 
navigation for seagoing fretrai vessels, fb) 10 carry oui at the cote te the com mis rtonere 
surti dredging as may be required by them la prevent reduction in the Row of water In 
the Haven, into provide a Bees Ire for smarts to me navigation ana for conunmicauon 
wuh the Harbour Master of Crete Yarmouth and id) to operate patrols tn the Norwich 
uvwwn: powers lor the temporary closure te wa ter w ays to fartWaie works, nature 
conservation, motor boat raring on OuHon Broad or other functions, po wer s 10 require 
the re pai r of landing Hares, embankments or siructurea: me removal of wrecks affecting 
navtgaitoo: aod (he prevention or mtnrUan of nav Igaltoo ui areas at Uw edge te any 
waterway tor ihe purposes te itabae cooservattan: 

11 Rowers for the Norwich aM Broods navigation officer* to otvr direction* for the 
regulations of vrwh and navigMtoii. the control te mooring*, ate me removal or 
ahurarboas. whh prwv Mon 10 retnore the Noewteh navtgauon officer to secure, so far as 
reasonably promoter. ihM wagofng frefghl v es se ls have priority over other traffic ate. 
in uui romwrUon. to regiace compHance wirn dtrections tfven by me Mtebour RKtoler of 
Great Yarmouth: 

12 The proMMtton of wonts or tereagtnQOParaltaMtaimia or adjacent to me nartgatlon 
area which are likrtv to Uiimrre wtth navigation in that area or tn the Haven wunoul a 
works lirmre granted by the Authority: provision as to aoodentions For and the gram te 
surti ucp-arr*: noUflcaUon of such aote fe nc es, the paynwoi of fees: the impoutioa of 
roodwtons ate motta icauon te plans: ate provision ter apoeal to an ariXimor 

15 Ftoaacbd pronsons lo requtrr Ural charges made by the Authority m pursuance of u* 
rtav (gallon funcuoos. tortudlng »Mp. paasenger and goods dues payable radar toe 
Harbours Art 1964 aM other such Income, shell or sufficient lo meet revenue 
e x pen di ture incurred in tor dferhaegr te hose fractions taking one year with another: 
and power to make annual levies on comtlluent local authorities to meet net estimated 
espenteiure and UabkUtee ate provide for conuggencies. reserves and a working 
banner, such levies bring payable aa to 30 par rem by me Norfolk County Council ate 
a* 10 the remainder In equal share* by uie ether constUlueni local autoonttes: 

14 P m vsdontar toe mafcmpte mam* by the Secrrtary testate to the atahorky for such 
anona he uimas fu after consultation wnhihr Countryside CBnuTUssmn: powers for 
ihe Authority to borrow for purposes approved oy me Secretary of State: power lo rater 
lemporary loans: ut o vtei on for admtnloirauon of the Aulhority'v rmanrial attain ate 
audit, mrtaduig provivlon lo prevent ray purpfos on me narigsUon revenue account 
being applied otherwise than In connection wkti the dtsrbarae te navtgaiion f uncuons 
me pub ttr atto n of piwtal reports by Uie Authority: and the appUcstton of gpeaffed 
rnartmraiis apporabte to local autoontm and otner bodies metuding enactments retaUng 

10 arqutsdion and survey of land, enforcement of covenant* and otner molten. 

is Tramteri to the emotoytraM of the Authority ot pmonsemptoyed by aconstliuem 
lorai authority wholly for toe purposes of me total rommBie# of curb authorities now 
known a* tor Broads Authority, and of any t ii n ttaatee of me Conmlwoiwn designated 
in an cedrr made tty toe Secretary te Stale, together wilh an suoatfilng rtgnts and 
■uBdiiiri In res p ect of any such employment: transfer to the Authority of all properly, 
nteih and Hahutues of ronsUiuent focal authorlues new or Incurred wholly for purposes 
of I nal >oinl ramnuflee-. and power for toe Secretary Of State, by order, lo provide for me 
Iramiec to the Authority Of specified property, rtohfe or HafallKMsM Uie Comnusuoners: 

16 Provision far the variation of Ihe Authority's area after review by the Oounlmide 
Canumsamn. extrusion of Its navigation urea. alUTaUon of us conrttluuon. vanatlpn of 
comnbutlon* by ronsUtoem local authorim*. and vartaitonof toe bou ndar y betwee n the 
oavigahra area ate the Haven by orders made by tor Secretary of Stale: and power for 
itw> SriTriary of Slate, by order, to male taridemai. ronsrauenlLff tranuiiotui or 
suptepmenlte provision*. Inckidino amenftnent or mocstioa te statutory proviaan*. 

AND NOTICE is HEREBY ALSO GIVEN mat a map showtoo the area te uie Authority 
no* been deposited for publlr i n spection with toe foaowttg officers:. 

The Chief Exrcume ft Clerk af Ihe Norfolk County Council al County Has. Manure au 
Lane. Norwich. NR1 SOH: 

The Chief EwtsHie and County Clerk of the Suffolk County Councfl at county Halt, 
ipvwirh IP* 2Jtfc 

TfeChirf ExmiUve Officer of tbc Norwich City Council at Oiy Hafl. Ntevrich. NR2 

The Chief cxrruthr of me Great Yarmouth Borough Council M Town Hall. Crete 
Yarmouth. Norfolk. NRJO 2CF; 

The Chief Exeruthe and Cleric of Uv: Broadland msnn CouncU al ThOrtte Lodge, 
larmouto Road. Norwlrh. NR7 OOU: 

The caw Ewtslhr and Ck-rtc of ibr North Norfolk otstrlr Council at Councfl Offices. 
Hon Road. Cromer. NR27 9CL: 

The ClBPf EkirUHir of Hit South Norfotk DtOriri Council te Sauih Norfolk House. Swan 
Lane. Long sir a lion. Norwich. NR15 SKE. and 

The CMS Execullvo of the wavrney Dtetrict Council at Town Hail. LowrUolL NR32 

On and after the 2am November I486 ■ nw te Ihe Bill may be inspected at each of Ihe 
*"!!** iheoffireste ihe underslgped Parliamentary Agent, and comm or 
me »» tata ae pur chjaed ji q, me above adihnacv and 41 hot MaKWv Stationery 

©tore at 49 Hath Hatbarn. London. 

■* “Wc nude by the How of oamaora when me Bdi M read o S ec o nd tour in that 
House SO Dm tees, ot k ee tl o u lo toe BUI HMD be made In Inal House by oeposlung a 
Pennon agatfttt II hi arrorilaiirpvrtth tor provisions of surn order information as to ihe 
ocp mnul tte h a Pennon may brobtamea from rilher toe Private BtU Office of the House 
of Commons or toe un dr i te g mal puiununtiiy Agent. 

DATED this 21st day of November 1986 
Department of the Environ me m 
2 Mannam Street 
London SW1P 3E8 
Sottcnor and Legal Athiser 

Queen Anne's Chambers 

3 Dean Farrar Street 
London SWiH 9 lg 

Partiamcniary Agml 

on psse 38 




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Historic picture of the 
Commons in session 

Frank Johnson In the Commons 

The first authorized picture 
of the House of Commons in 
session, taken with the ap- 
proval of the Select Committee 
on die House of Commons 
(Services), on Wednesday 
afternoon last week, the first 
day of the new session of 
Parliament Standing on the 
left is Mr Geoffrey Rippon, a 
former Cabinet minister and 
Conservative MP for Hex- 
ham, proposing, to a packed 
House, the Loyal Address, 
thanking the Queen for her 
Speech from die Throne, 
which opened the session in 
the House of Lords earlier in 
the day. 

The Government benches 
are on the left of the picture 
with the Front Bench Jmmedi- 
ately to die right", of the 
Speaker, Earing die table bear- 
ing the despatch boxes and the 

Today's events 

New exhibitions 
Wood engravings by George 
Tate, ceramics by Debut Cook- 
son and Alan Barrett-Danes, 
and jewellery by a group of eight 

makers; St James's Gallery. 9 
Margarets Buildings, Bath; Mon 
to Sat 10 to 5.30 (ends Dec 24). 
Last chance to see 
Industry in Hampshire, Past 
& Present: watercolours by 01- 

mace. On the Opposition 
benches - to the left of the 
Speaker — are Dr David 
Owen, leader of the SDP, Mr 
David Steel, leader of the 
Liberals, Mr James Calla- 
ghan, the former Prime Min- 
ister, Mr Michael Foot, the 
former Latov leader, and, 
facing die table, members of 
the Shadow Cabinet Mr Ed- 
ward Heath, the former 
Conservative Prime Minister, 
is in his asnal seat on the front 
bendi “below die gangway”. 
Next to him, above the {gang- 
way, also in their traditional 
places, are Mr John Wake- 
ham, the Government Chief 
Whip, Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign Secretary and Mrs 

Behind the dock Is the 
Press Gallery. 

ive Dring; National West- 
minster Bank, Winchester, 9.30 
to 3.30. 

Watercolours by John Chalk- 
ley; Dower House Gallery, 108 
Hi^i St, Berkhamsted. Herts, 10 


Organ recital by Rosemary 
Field. Birmingham Cathedral, 
Cohnore Row, 1.10. 

Concert by the Northern 
Sinfonia: Stockton Parish 
Church. 7.45. 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,209 


1 A libertme eqjoys embrace 
of favourite bind (8). 

5 Mushroom paste (6). 

10 Mv pel is spoilt and vain 

11 Greek soldier, a heartless 
man, interrupts match in 
progress (9). 

12 Lift your hands and catch 
bird quietly (5.2J). 

13 Charm helps one to be 
ahead (5). 

14 Arranges to have Anne set 
adrift (7). 

16 Emergency with the French 
kind of match (6). 

19 Refer to Bill briefly (6). 

21 The stuff that waffles are 
made of? (7). 

23 Feel miserable down under 

25 Approach to zero hour — 
not unknown in pan oflre- 
land (5-4). 

27 International organization’s 
committed murder, without 
any training (9). 

28 Fruit gives a chap energy 

W , 

29 Hate turning unruly youth 
out of gang (6). 

30 Coeur de Lion, for instance, 
was less polite about it (8). 


] Appeals to worker to be nice 
( 8 )- . , 

2 Salesman gets chap in to de- 
liver carpet (9). 

3 Conveyance for Arthurian 

Concise Crossword page 18 

knight, a leader of knights 

(5) . 

4 Problems are mounting for 
Dutch scholar (7). 

6 Remarkable people put up 
plant on instalment system 

7 He’s into bondage! (5). 

8 It's hard boarding grubby 
little boat . . . (6). 

9 . . .provided by Samnd 
and Peter (6). 

15 Represented in French ait, 
see wild flower (9). 

17 Where Cain went to sleep? 

18 Family leave city, making a 
noise (8). 

20 Get stuck in gear (6). 

21 One who started up to go 
down (7). 

22 Obliged to IbSow a swarm 

( 6 ) . 

24 Composer sounds like a heel 

26 X — you’re Looking at it (5). 
Solution to Puzzle No 1738 

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ii^stEn -;- r EsncjnEEnrar^ 
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Viewing figures crash for no-action Peacock Report 

The House yesterday held yet 
another portentous debate on the 
BBC Bat there is evidence that the 
vast majority of MPs now believe 
that there is too much current 
affairs stuff of this kind being put 
out by Parliament 

At question time, they are pre- 
pared to watch a programme of 
short exciting action sequences 
which has some sort of a story, with 
a character such as Mr Atisdair 
Milne, who they can either love or 
hate, however implausible such a 
character may be. 

But they draw the line at sitting 
through an entire debate which they 
can only really understand ifbefore- 
hand they read the book. The 
Peacock Report. 

Viewing figures in the House were 
low. The audience on both sides was 
largely made of people with a 

special interest in current affairs. 
This is very much a minority 
audience. After a mooting spent 
dictating constituency tetters to 
rancourous old age pensioners, MPs 
want a bit of entertainment They 
like to relax with the latest Camp- 

There was a huge viewership at 
question time for Mr CampbeD- 
Savours’ massively-hyped new 
point of order. 

It is about a plan by the British 
Government to prevent Wright, an 
embittered old spy, from publishing 
a book which says, so far as one 
couki make out, that virtually all the 
other British spies were Russian 
agents, if not actually Russians. The 
most finely-drawn character has 
been Armstrong, the complex and 
perhaps fatally-flawed Secretary to 
the British Cabinet 

The first episode of the Commons 
adaptation was on Tuesday. For 
those who missed it, and simplify- 
ing as much as possible, the British 
Prune Minister, a woman, said she 
could not talk about the case 
because it was sub judice. The 
Speaker of die British House of 
Commons said it was not This 
produced a political crisis in 

Yesterday, Mr Campbell- 
Savours, who is Labour MP for 
Workington when he is not writing 
his thrillers, Hinnanrlpri of the. 
Speaker why the Government was 
trying to stop Mr Wright'S bock; 
when others had been had been 
published. Mr Campbell-Savours 
produced a letter to Mr Wright from 
a new character, Chapman Pincher. 

Tire letter read: “On New Year's 
Day 1 was shooting with Havers 

(that is. Sir Michael Havers, the 
suave British Attorney General). 
Havers told me that West (that is 
Nigel West, an author who is really 
Rupert Allason), met Martin (that 
is, Arthur Martin, a former British 
spy who gave information to West- 
AUison) six times. On each occasion 
Marlin told West secret informa- 
tion. In addition he showed him 
secret documents which should not 
have been in his possession. West 
then wrote his book, and in it not 
only quoted Martin by name, but 
quoted from the documents saying 
they were secret . . If the book had. 
been published, the Government 
would have had no option but to 
prosecute both Martin and West 
Havers told me he that he is still 
considering whether to' prosecute 
Martin because he cannot do . that 
without prosecuting West who has 

got himself adopted as a Conser- ; 
vative candidate ( a typical. Camp- j 
bell-S&vours bit of masterly ! 
plotting, that). Mrs T is finning." 
(Mrs Thatcher, the British Prime 
Minister, who has been fuming 
throughout the story so ferX 

The Speaker said it was not a 
matter for him. Mr CampbeB- 
Savours demanded that the Speaker 
somehow insist that the Govern- 
ment give an explanation.The i 
speakrer, who when he is irritated, 
is a character straight out of 
Campbell- Savours, testily insisted 
that the House move on to next 
business. The Government front 
bench was sflent Mr Campbdl- 
Savours said that was monstrous. 
With that, the episode ended. The 
entire House had to wait until next 


Concert by Musica Varia 
(Salzburg); Concert Hall, Uni- 
versity College, Cardiff, 7 JO. 

Concert by the Halle Or- 
chestra; City Hall, Newcastle, 

Concert by the Orchestra ofSt 
John's Smith Square; Royal 
Concert Hall, Theatre Sq, Not- 
tingham. 7 J0. 

Concert by the Cambridge 
M aside, Harty Room, Queen s 
University, Belfast, 10 pm. 

Concert by the Reading 
University Chamber Orchestra; 
Reading University Great Hall, 
London Rd, 7.30. 

Piano recital by John Savory; 
Art Gallery, Bmy St Edmunds; 

Concert by the Scottish Na- 
tional Orchestra; Usher Hall. 
Edinburgh, 7 JO. 

Concert by the Leipzig 
Gewandbaus Orchestra; St 
George’s Hall, Bradford, 7.30. 
Talks, lectures 

Gtensada: A Quarry for 
Europe, by Iain Thorn ben 
LochaSort Castie, Highland, 

Harte Lecture: Bowmen, Bill- 
men and Hackbutters - The 
Elizabethan Militia in the 
South-west, by Prof. Joyce 
You mgs; Moot Room, Amory 
Building, Exeter University, 

Discipline and the Growing 
Child, by Prof. Martin Herbert; 
Leicester University, 7. 

Enid Muir Memorial Lecture: 
1066 and AD That - The Context 
of Domesday, by R-A. Brown; 
Curtis Auditorium, School of 
Physics, New castle University, 


Edinburgh Winter Antiques 
Fair; Roxburgh Hotel, Charlotte 
Sq, Edinburgh, today and to- 
morrow 1 1 to 8. tomorrow 11 to 


The Midlands: MS: Road- 
works continue between junc- 
tions 4 and S (Bromsgrove / 

Wales and West: M4: Contra- 
flow between junctions 16 and 
1 7 (Swindon / Cirencester). M4: 
Restrictions in both directions 
between junctions 34 and 35 
(A41 19 Llantrisant/A473 Bridg- 
end). A30: Cbntraflow on 
Camborne bypass. Cornwall. 

The North: Major road- 

works and contraflow between 
junctions 6 and 7 (Thome / 
M62); southbound exit and 
northbound entry slip roads at 
junction 6 closed. M6I: Con- 
struction of new motorway link 
at Walton Summit, Blacow 
Bridge: lane dosnres on N and 
southbound carriageways. Al: 
Lane and dip road closures with 
contraflow on Brothenon by- 
pass, W Yorks; diversions. 

Scotland: A93; Resur fa cing 
and width restrictions on North 
Deeside Rd, near Bieklside vil- 
lage, Aberdeenshire. A82: West- 
bound carriageway dosed W of 
Erskine Bridge, Dumbarton- 
shire: two way traffic east bound. 
A816: Single line traffic in 
Oban, Argyll, with temporary 
lights between 8 am and 5 pm 

Information supplied by AA 

Food prices 

The mild weather has ex- 
tended the season for homo- 
grown broccoli and with im- 
ports from Spain and Italy it is a 
redly good buy at 35-60p a lb. 
Brussels sprouts at 9-20p a lb, 
although rather large, have a 
really good flavour. Cauli- 
flowers at 20-40p each are 
superb. Celtic and January King 
cabbages 10-20pa lb, carrots 10- 
18p a lb, parsnips 15-25p a lb 
and mushrooms 30-70p a half 
pound are also plentiful and 
good quality. There are a variety 
of onions including large Span- 
ish, 20-25p a lb, British, Dutch 
and Polish medium sized 14- 
22p a lb. French Shallots 80p-£l 
and pickling onions 12-20p a lb. 

Best value salad ingredients 
are round lettuce 20-25pa head, 
English celery 25-4 5p each, 
watercress 25-35p a bunch, Chi- 
nese leaves 45-60p a bead, 
Canary Island tomatoes 35-58p 
a lb and mixed peppers £1-£1 JO 
a pack. 

Cox’s apples 25-40p a lb and 
French golden delicious 22-3 5p 
a lb. and Granny Smith apples , 
are the most plentifulJLemons 
S- 1 8p each, oranges 8~24p each, 
satsuxnas 25-40p a lb are all best , 

All home produced lamb 
prices are up again this week to 
about 3p a lb. whole leg ranges 
from £1.39-£1.77 in most of 
England and Wales bat could be 
as much £2.48 a lb in the South- 
east. New Zealand lamb prices 
are unchanged. Some cots of 
beef show a slight price increase 
such as topside and sihrerside, 
sirloin steak and boneless bris- : 
keL Boneless sirloin and rump 
steak should be slightly chea p er 
than last week. Poric prices are ; 
steady with whole leg between 

90p-£l-28a !b. 

Top films 

The top box-office IRms in 

1 ( 1} Ruthless People 

2(21 The Mtesfon 

3(4) Top Gun 

4 1 31 Mona Lisa 

51- Big Trouble in Little China 

6 ( -) Running Scared 

7 (-) True Stories 

8(6) 4 Room WRh a Wow 
9 (-) Extrarrtttes 
10(8) Legal Eagfes 
The top (fens ta the provinceK 

1 Top Gun 

2 Ruthless People 

3 Mora Use . 

4 Legal Eagles 

5 A Nightmare on Bm Street 2: 
Freddy’ Revenge 

SunXM by Sown MamKtMf 

Top video rentals 

1(1) Indiana Jones and the Tem- 
ple of Down 
2(2) Teen won 
3(4) The Delta Force 
4(13) Frtoftt Night 
5(5 Sptes Like Us 
6(1 Death Wish3 
7 (3 ) Year of the Dragon 
8 (23 The Sword in the Stone 
9 (6 PrizzTs Honor 
10 (- The HowSng 2 



A ridgfe of high pressure 
will move east across the 
UK followed late by 
troaghs of low pressure in 
to western districts. 

Meat and poultry on promo- 
tion at shops and supermarkets 
this week are: Marks and Spen- 
cer: whole fresh chicken under 4 
lb in weight 69p a lb and birds 
over 4 lbs 75p a lb; Tescoc romp 
steak £2.48 a lb, New Zealand 
leg of lamb £1 J8 a lb; Devrtorst: 
New Zealand of lamb £ 1 .09 a 
lb and 4 lb packs of pork chop 
£4.80 a pack; Asda: home 
produced ramp steak £1.99 alb. 
rib of beef £1.39 a lb and fresh 
chicken, up to 31bs 15oz, 59p a 
lb- Sainsbnry’s: ramp steak 
£1.98 a lb. 

Exco takeover 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 

- ; 


k' ..-isrffii 

Boots lifts 
profit 14% 

..J&ois; the retailing . and 
p&ermacetitical group, lifted 
pretax profits in tile six 
months to the end of Septem- 
ber to £97.5 million,, an in- 
crease of 14.$ -per cent, on a 
turnover 8.4 per cent hitter at 
£1.06 billion. 

The interim dividend was 
raised by 12 per cent to 2 . 8 p. 

Profits from the industrial 
division rose 94 per cent to 
£40.6 million and from the 
retail division 14.5 percent to 
£42.7 millibh, exdhdmg prop- 
erty disposals. 

The pretax profits benefited 
from £6-5 minion of p ropert y 
profits and £4.7 mnfion of 
reduced pension 


Komeft Fleet, page 27 

Goldsmith out 
of tyre battle 

New York (Renter) — Sir 
Janies Goldsmith gave up his 
attempt yesterday to take over 
Goodyear only 48 hours after 
confronting Mr Robert Mer- 
cer the Goodyear chairman at 
a US congressional hearing. 

Goodyear said it would boy 
back Sir -James’s stake for 
$49.50 (£35.35) a. sham and 
that it would buy back an 
additional 40 million shares 
for $50 doUaxs each. 

Sir James had offered to buy 
Goodyear’s shares for $49 
dollars each, 

BET up 21% 

BET, the tmiustrial services, 
electronics and pubtalfing 
cxjngiomerate, node -taxable' 
profits in: die; six months to 
September 30 of £59.1 mil- 
lion, a rise of 21 per cent, oa 
turnover up 7 per cent at 
£640.6 miffion. The dividend 
was raised from 4p- to 5pE 
reflecting BET’S poficy of 
reducing the disparity be- 
tween the two halves. 

Tempos, Page 29 

Wound up 

Hamilton Hogg, the City- 
based licensed dealer in 
securities, was compolsorily 
wound up in the High Court 
yesterday on a petition by the 
Department of Trade and 
Industry, whose Inspectors 
have been investigating, the 
company's affairs since 

Granada stake 

Granada will take a 20per 
cent share in a new French 
company to be formed to 
purchase selected property, 

the French electronics retailer, 
Nasa, with the option to take 
1 00 per cent ownership in fi ve 
years' time. 

Sir Owen Green’s BUI 
group yesterday made is tang 
awaited takeover bid for 
FS Hringion , Britain’s biggest 
glass manufacturer and one of 
the few home grown com- 
panies to rank among the 
world’s leaders in its industry. 

The offer, probably Jar 
Owen’s last as chief executive 
in a distinguished bi ww in 
which he built BTR into one 
of the largest companies in 
Britain, is worth almost £1.2 


The timing ofBTR’s move 
looks immaculate, with 
Pillrington having spent 
heavily on rationalizing the 
group since the early 1980s 
recession and its profits now 
recovering strongly. 

.-The bid was dismissed im- 
mecflatdy by Pflktogtou’s 
chairman, Mr Anthony 
Pflkington, as being entirely 
without logic ibr shareholders, 
employees, customers — and 
even the notion. 

The stock market took an 

By John Bell, Gty Editor 

entirely different view, sens- 
ing that a tOPgb battle is in 
prospect and that BTR’s move 
is merely a sighting shot 
. Pflkington shares raced ahead 
to 613p or some 68 p above the 
level of the BTR offer. 

BTR, which has an excellent 
record of growth both by 
takeover ana organic growth, 
began taking an interest in. 
Pflkington up to a year ago. Sir 
Owen's acquisitive eye was 
then being cast over the pant 
US group Libby Owens Ford 
winch has since sold its glass 
divisions to/ PiDdnton on 
terms that valued them at 
about £215 millio n- - 

Sir Owen sayis that the 
group's technology' and its 
research seemed to be ex- 
cellent yet the results far less 
bnpressive. “For a company 
that was a hotbed of good 
ideas, they did not seem to be 
very commercial,'’ he said 

“A large part of our turn- 
over is related to the motor 

.. ~ ■*«**%. 



industry like their’s and we 
have managed to cope. I do 
not subscribe to the view that 
that is an acceptable excuse for 
poor perf orma nce,” added Sir 

BTR’s case for ac quiring 
Pflkington rests an the asser- 
tion that under new manage- 
ment the company win 
flourish. Sir Owen pointed out 
that Pflkington was a different 
kind of acquisition from Dun- 
lop which was greatly in need 
of rationalization when it 
became part of the BTR 

The introduction of a new 
culture at Pflkington will give 
it a great future as rate of the 
key members of the BTR 
group and would be likdy to 
secure and enhance 
Pflltihgton's position as a 
world leade r m its industry. 

Yesterday BTR was making 
much of its superior perfor- 
mance over the past decade: 
Its earnings per share trad 
grown at a rate of 32 per cent 
compound compared with 4 
per cent at Pflkington . BTR’s 
share price had increased at a 
rale of 43 per cent compound 
against tire 15 per cent of 

> -.V—Vv • * 

. . - " * . » < v V *• ' 


• V ■ 

' "-\-r ■, 

< .I*'" V- <• 

Sir Owes Green: sense of 

timing w nmnawilafA 

Anthony Pflkington: bid was 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 
. The money supply figures - This, in conjunction with, a 
for October, the first to be public sector . borrowing 
producedoo a calendar month requirement of £9 rnfflion, 
basis, sheared test expanding produced heavy overfunding, 
credit and acc eler a tin g growth which helped offeet the big 
of nareow money. •• increase in bank lending. 

The broad measure of foe The figures are subject to 
money, supply, strafing M3* more than foe usual amount 
rose by between 0and025 per of uncertainly because of foe 
cent last month, the Bank, of switch to a calendar month 
Erobnd said. ■ N • - bans and because the Ties- 
But its growth over the 12 sury has refined to allow the 
months to October was 1825- Bank of England to produce 
I8.5 per cent,wefl above the seasonally adjusted figures for 
official 11 to 15 per cent target foe public sector borrowing 
range. .• - requirement. 

Bank touting, . seasonally Bmk officials said that the 

Mhon last month, adding to for tank 

Oty concents ab out Ac cre dit 1 | en( fi 1ML should be raken to- 

» rthcr to a vm 

pnxtoang J !2 d ^ * wlanoe “ representative picture. In 
payments deiaats. _ September, bank lending rose 

™ by£90OnuHkm. 

measure, nsraw money, MO, September and October to- 
was uncaangea on the p re- aether produced a bank lend- 
vious month but snowed a rise jng rise of £22 biffion a 
rf4,75-5 per cent on a year jjj fine with the av- 

ca “ ier - w . rr exage in the present financial 
In his Mansion House ^ear_ 
speech last month, the Chan- 

ceflor cited accelerating. MO Similar distortions apply to 
growth as one reason for stating _ M3, which was 
pirehmp np base rates from 10 boosted in September by the 
to 11 per cent efifecte of lire Trastee Savings 

Funding of Government Bank issue and showed an 
debt was particularly heavy increase of 32 per cent to 
last month, totalling £1.8 move 19.4 per cent above its 
bfliitHL . . level a year eartiec. 

Geest offer Anger over Norton bid 

•*i --i.. « I O • 

The offer for sale of 252*3 
million Geest Holdings shares 
at J25p each was over- 

Co News 26^9 JJSMPnos 32 

Wag Street 26 Co««odihes 32 

Slock Market 27 Umt Tresis 32 
Cwnnt 27 5 1 ®"* *?£*£* || 

Tempos 29 JS? g 

Shore Prices 31 TrededOpts 33 

The hotly-contested bid' for 
McCorquodale, the specialist 
printer, exploded into ac- 
rimony at the 1 Jth hour last 
night as Norton Opax, whose 
bid doses today, claimed that 
its offer had gone “partly 

It claimed acceptances and 
shares owned by Norton Opax r 

amounted to 502 per cent 
Datafin, the rival manage- 
meat buyout company, im- 
metfiatdy complained to the 
Takeover Panel, and then, in a 
statement, said that the ques- 
tion of foe level of Opax’s 
acceptances would be decided 
at a fun panel hearing 

Terms of the BTR offer are 
a complex m ixture of shares, 
loan stock and cash. For every 
100 Pflkington shares, BTR is 
offering 47 of its own shares, 
phis £13724 of BTR 9.5 per 
cent convertible loan stock 
redeemable in the year 2000 
and £275.52 in cash. 

The offer values each 
Pflkington share at about 545p 
and puts a value on the whole 
oomapny of £1.16 billion. 

Flood of 
loss cases 

FtomBafleyManisr - ' 

The United States 
government’s insider trading 
case against Mr Ivan Boesky is 
almost certain to trigger an 
avalanche of private law suits 
by individuals and corpora- 
tions who suffered market 
losses as a result of his illegal 

Government officials said 
yesterday that they had al- 
ready been contacted by big 
instimtional and small inves- 
tors intent on seeking a share 
of a $50 million (£352) pen- 
alty fimdbeingheklm escrow. 

Potential claimants also in- 
dude the Internal Revenue 
Service and bag companies 
able to prove that they paid 
too much in takeovers bids 
because of Mr Bocsky*s trad- 

Meanwhile, it was disclosed 
that Mr Michael Singer, a 
Briton who worked for Salo- 
mon Brothers, had resigned 
after receiving a federal sub- 
poena related to the Boesky 

Until six weeks ago Mr 
Singer was a senior vice- 
president at Jefferies & Co, a 
Los Angeles securities firm 
which is coming under 
1 increasing scrutiny by the 

Some private investors in 
the Ivan F Boesky & Co LP 
arbitrage fond raid that they 
intended to begin liquidating 
as soon as possible to protect 
the value of their assets. 

One big investor which 
indicated that it would sell 
was Britain's Water 
Authorities’ Superannuation 
Fund, a $2 billion British 
pension fund. 

Sir Ralph Halpern: Top of foe pay league 

Burton chiefs pay 
£1 million a year 

By Carol Fergreon 

Sir Ralph Halpern, chair- progress this year. Sales are 
man of the Burton Group, was up by 15 per cent, and would 
paid just over £1 mflboa inthe live been up by 20 per cent 
year to August 30, nearly had it not been fin- foe 
double bis 1985 salary of disruption caused by the £15 
£542,000. miffioB refurbishment of its 

This makes bus Britain's Oxford Street store, its 
highest paid director and foe biggest 
first chairman of a British BmtoD is to spend £200 
company to top £lmSHoii. million over foe next three 
A significant proportion of Jem remodeffing its 66 
Bmtanft executive directors’ ngh anhams stores. Four mil- 
pay is related to results and, ^ 3 ^ feet win be re- 
fer the sixth successive year, vamped ata total costof £150 
foe gr ap announced record miffion, or £4 a square fort. 

r - rtn .j. T -fc.# Its newest store at Preston 
cost £8 mflUon, and it plans six 
more stores, modelled on Pres- 

cent to £148.7 minion. Turn- Group debt has been halved 
I over mere than doubled to £12 from £2§0 million to £130 
bfllien in foe year to August million, and gearing is down 
30, from 71 per cent to 30 per cent. 

The first 12 weeks of the The dividend is increased by 

new financial year indicate 30 per cent to 5.7p a share, 
that foe group mD make good Tempos, page 29 

SE sets special terms 
for British Gas issue 

By Graham Seaijeant, Financial Editor 

The Stock Exchange has 
made special arrangements for 
the British Gas issue in an 
attempt to prevent the ex- 
pected mass of small sales 
from dogging up its comput- 
ers, the SEAQ quotations 
system and member firms’ 
accounting systems when the 
shares are quoted at 230pm 
on December 8 . The Exchange 
will also stay open for an extra 
hour-and-a-hatf that day to 
cope with the rush. 

For the first month of 
dealings, trades in 1,000 or 
less British Gas shares will not 
have to be reported to SEAQ, 
which is intended to monitor 
trades to ensure they are done 
at the best price. Brokers will 
be a We to aggregate small 
deals with their clients’ per- 
mission and report only the 
bulk bargains, but both bro- 
kers and market-makers will 
be expected to stick to the best 
execution rale. 

Bargains in British Gas will 
also be exempt from the rule 
requiring a report to SEAQ 
within five minutes and snail 
trades, probably for 200 shares 
or less, will not be published 
on the Exchange's electronic 
ticker. Since the computer 
system cannot filter out small 
British Gas duals alone, this 
fnpans transactions in less 
than 200 shares of any com- 



Dow Jones 

Nikkei Dow 

Hoag Kong: 

1841JS (+14BZT 
1730458 (+20.75) 

Hang Seng — 

Sydney: AO — 

n ! 280.7 (+2.® 

13309 (-4i) 





umnEri.n . 
FT. Gilts 

CJasiog prices 

0048 (-028) 

Page 31 

London; Bank Base: 11% 

5-montti Interbank THM1X% • 
3*morth eflofcte bffl9rifl“»-332% 
buying rate ' 

Federal Funds 6KV „ • . 

3-month TrBaaujy-Bffls 534-532% 
30-year bonds 100»»-100% a 


Mercury to chase 
domestic market 

By TeresaPoole, Business Correspondent 

Berisford agrees 
£425m sweetener 

Mercury Cemmwricafioes, 
tiie only licensed cmepetiter to 
British Telecom, is anting fin 
more thaB 100^30 residential 
customers by foe end ef next 

Between now mid Christmas 
the company plans a 
“controlled” sale of it* tefe- 
pbones to foe staff and 
shareholders of its parent 
company. Cable mid Wireless, 
to executives of corporate cus- 
tomers and to people that it 
describes as 4 i mJlHMtiBl.'! 

Mr Gonloa Owen, mauag- 
ing dueetpr ef Mercray, said 
yesterday , that foe company 
amid cope with up to 25,000 
domestic subscribers by foe 
end iff 1986 and that there 
could be “hundreds of 
thousands” in a year’s time. 

to £160 ptiDion in toe sfat 

mouths to the end of Septem- 
ber, despite a £20 nSlieiL 
adverse currency swing. 

Almost all foe mcrease 
came from foe Far East and 
Pacific area mdmtoig Hoag 

is fey more than half. 

Trading losses in Britain, 
iffic Ming Mercury’s start-up 
costs, were £3 mOnoa. 

Gromtnraover fed from 
£454 Bunion to £438 mfUfon 
because of a £59 million 
dedfoe dim to currency move- 
ments. Cable and Wireless 
shores gained 13p to 322p* 
Until now Mercury’s tete- 
axhnmBications services have 

national sales drive vnD start 

-• Pretax profits at Cable sad 
Wireless, announced yes- 
terday, rose from £136 mflHou 

users. With a £37 Mercray 
telephone and a £7.50 
amhorizathm code, residential 
customers who live within 20 
miles of the. Mercury optical 
fibre network will be able to 
mate calls through foe new 

The battle for control of 
British Sugar intensified yes- 
terday with S & W Berisford 
formally announcing its agree- 
ment to sell 70 per cent of 
| British Sugar to Ferrazri, the 
Italian food and agricultural 
giant, for £425 million. 

The agreement which was 
signposted at the beginning of 
the month is conditional upon 
clearance from the Secretary 
of State on monoply grounds. 

The Monopolies and Merg- 
ers Commission is currently 
considering foe rival bids for 
control of British Sugar from 
Ferruzzi and Tate & Lyle, the 
British sugar refiner. Its report 
is not now due until January 

The deal needs approval 
also from Berisford's 
shareholders and the company 
may face a battle with Tate & 
Lyte to block foe deal even if it 
wmsMMC approval. 

Tate & Lyle increased its 
steke in Berisford on Wcdnes- 

By Lawrence Lever 

mtrol of day by 3 per cent to 13.6 per 
tied yes- cent . The deal with Ferruzzi 
Berisford needs the approval of 51 per 
its agree- cent of Berisford shareholders 
■ cent of and Ferruzzi will not be able 
yrri t the to pledge foe full arnmount of 
ricultural its 23.7 per cent stake in 
n. Berisford in its favour, 

inch was Mr Kerr Muir, the Tate & 
inning of Lyle finance director said 
nal upon yesterday^T don't see how the 
Secretary deal advances Femtza's case, 
grounds. They will have 70 per cent of 
id Merg- British Sugar and so will still 
currently have control." 
bids for Both sides have given for- 
gar from mai undertakings to foe Gov- 
Lyle.foe eminent not to take their 
Its report holding in Berisford above 
January 23.7 per cent until the MMC 

approval Yesterday's deal contains a 
istord's number of legal commitments 
rompany by Ferruzzi These include 
h Tate & maintaining British Sugar's 
even if it existing capacity and guar- 
anteeing that there will be no 
>ased its plant closures for at least five 
Wednes- years. 

British & Commonwealth 
Shipping, the investment 
company beaded by Mr John 
Gunn, yesterday announced 
that it was buying Exco Inter- 
national, the money broker in 
an agreed bid wrath £672.5 

After irrevocable undertak- 
ings by Exco's main 
shareholders and buying on 
the stock market yesterday by 
B&C, the deal is already 

Tbe deal, which was con- 
cluded in less than a week, 
effectively rales out a bid from 
Morgan Grenfell, the mer- 
chant bank, after the abolition 
by the Bank of England last 
ufeek of the O’ Bnen Rule, 
which prevented banks from 
owning money brokers. 

Morgan Grenfell was under 
pressure from Exco to put 
forward a firm offer which 
would include an under- 
written cash alternative by 
Wednesday evening. 

The bank declined though it 
clearly intended to make a 
formal offer either yesterday, 
or at foe latest today. 

Mr Gunn said that B&C had 
decided to bid after an ap- 
proach last Thursday by Mr 
NG, a representative of Tan 
Sri Khoo Teck Puat, the 
Singapore businessman who 
holds 29 per cent of Exco. 

Negotiations with Exco’s 
board began on Monday and 
the deal was 

He added that Exco’s failure 
to spend its £350 million cash 
mountain and to settle prob- 
lems at Wico, its stockbroking 
arm, bad unsettled foe 

Tbe agreement with B&C 
was concluded bn the eve of 
the news breaking that Mr Tan 
Sri Khoo’s son had been 

arrested in connection with 
the state takeover of foe 
National Bank of Brunei, in 
which his fernily has a signifi- 
cant holding. 

B&C will sell foe troubled 
Wico slockbroking arm of 
Exco to Basque Indosuezfor a 
minimum of £36 million as 
soon as foe Exco deal is 

If closer examination shows 
tbe company to be worth 
more, B&C will split the 
difference with tbe buyer. 

The (teal ends months of 
speculation over Exco’s fu- 
ture. This year it foiled to 
merge with Morgan Grenfell, 
the merchant bank, because of 
foe O’Brien rule. 

B&C is offering a mixture of 
ordinary stock and convert- 
ible loan capital for Exco 
shares valued at 287p each or 
a cash offer of 265p a share. 

Loan query on 
Brunei bank 

Tan Sri Khoo Teck Puat , 
tbe Malaysian financier, yes- 
terday found himself at tbe 
centre of what could be a big 
Asian banking scandaL 

In a move which will send 
shudders through Far Eastern 
markets, the Sultan of Brunei 
has ordered foe government to 
take over the National Bank of 
Brunei which Tan Sri Khoo 

Tbe move follows the 
discovery of irregularities in 
more than £400 million worth 
of loans made by foe bank to 
other Khoo companies. 

Tan Sri Khoo’s son, Daiuk 
Khoo Ban Hock, who is 
chairman of foe bank, has 
been arrested along with its 
auditor. The bank has been 
closed temporarily. 

Profitable Beecham is 
in acquisitive mood 

By Alexandra Jackson 

pany will be ignored for foe 
duration. The requirement to 
check new customers' names 
will be waived for Gas deals 
until the end of January. The 
Exchange also hopes to make 
simplified settlement arrange- 
ments so firms can consoli- 
date deals ra renounced 
Letters of Acceptance. 

British Gas will immedi- 
ately count as an alpha stock, 
which normally means that 
market-makers must show 
two-way prices on SEAQ. It is 
also expected to be quoted in 
foe oil and energy exploration 
and production sector rather 
than as a utility. 

The issue will take a signifi- 
cant step forward today when 
foe sale {nice for Gas shares is 
expected to be announced in 
the House of Commons. Al- 
though a maximum [nice of 
1 50p per share has been set, a 
final price of 130p, giving a 
dividend yield of 7 per cent, is 
thought more likely as it 
would appeal to City institu- 
tions. Hawks who think the 
Government can rely on small 
investors to support the issue, 
prefer a price of 135p, which 
would value British Gas at 
£5.6 billion. 

The prospectus for the Brit- 
ish Gas sale will be available 
next Tuesday, November 25, 
when it will be published in 
full in The Times. 

Beecham is on the lookout 
for an important acquisition, 
Mr Robert Bauman, the newly 
appointed chairman, said 

He was announcing a 
£155.2 million pre-tax profit 
in foe six months to the end of 
September 1986 compared 
with £138.1 million in the first 
half of last year. Turn over rose 
7 per cent to £1.35 billion. If 
exchange rates had not moved 
during tbe period, pre-tax 
profits would have been. £6.5 
million higher, while turnover 
would have increased by £67. 1 

In a double gesture to retain 
more funds in tbe business 
and to increase the differential 
between foe interim and final 

payments, the interim divi- 
dend was maintained at 5. Ip. 

As pan of a strategy to 
dispose of poorly performing 
companies, the sale was an- 
nounced of the private export 
departments of its wine and 
spirits business, Flndiater 
Mackie Todd. 

Other recent disposals have 
realized £160 million. Nego- 
tiations on tbe sales of the 
home improvement business 
and Germaine Monteil 
Cosmetiques are well ad- 
vanced, and together they 
should fetch more than £150 
million, the company rays. 

Beecham is on the verge of 
announcing foe appointment 
of a new finance director. 

Tempus, page 29 

Year ended 30th June 

Dividends per share (pence) 











At the Annual General Meeting held on 20th 
November 1986, the Chairman , Mr. Peter GaHiford, 

"Performance in the opening months of the 
current year has been encouraging and results 
are sat isf actorily ahead of last year's comparable 

Order books overall are judged to be of better 
quality than for some time, and the Chancellor's 
autumn statement bodes well for construction 
for the next year or so." 

Copies of the 1936 Report and Accounts may be obtained 
from tiie Secretary, Gallifbrd pic. Wolvey. Hinckley, 
Leicestershire, LE10 3JD. 


Preliminary results for the year ended 
31 st July, 1986 

* Pre-Tax Profits £1 ,670,999 

* Dividend increased by 16%% to 3.5p per 

* The current year has started in a most 
encouraging manner with profits running well 
ahead of last year: 

Anthony J Ufeofc CMwna^ 

Coptes of me Report end Accounts win be available 
on 5tii December from:- The Company Secretary, 


Graenhead Street Burstem. Siote-cn-Trent ST64AA 

Otenufacturers of a wide wsi or TtcTmemlsutd 
Ornamental Ceramics 

?ii&? in « ¥8f«9NirVjlK iass»> 


Prices rise as effects 
of scandal subside 

BP profits better than 
most City forecasts 

New York (Ranter) — Share 
prices staged ahead in early 
trading yesterday as investors 
moved into fandamenially 
strong issues, particularly Hue 

The huge sale of takeover 
Issues, which battered the 
marled ear Her in the week 
raider the weight of the take- 
over scandal, began to subside. 

The Dow Joses industrial 
average was op fM? to 
1,836.05 at one stage when the 

transport avenge showed a 
rise of 540 to 82150 although 
the utilities indicator was up 

The broader Standard & 
Poor’s 500-share index rose 
1.59 to 239.25 while the New 
York Stock Exchange 
composite index was up 0.85 to 

IBM advanced % to 123% in 
early deals after rising 2% on 
Wednesday. Digital Equip- 
ment rase 1% to 300 and 
General Motion V* to 71%. 

By David Young, Energy Correspondent 

HOT Not 
19 16 

Now Not 
19 18 

BP yesterday shrugged off 
the fell in the world cal price, 
ihe decline in the value of 
sterling and a £1 billion loss 
on the value of its oil stocks to 
report higher-then-expected 
profits for the first nine 
months of this year. 

Profits on a replacement 
cost basis of£i ,577 million are 
running £241 higher so tor this 
year compared with the 
corresponding period. In the 
third quarter they woe £362 
million, down on the 
corresponding period but still 
higher than most City 

The figures show that BP is 
now sitting on more than £4 
billion in cash, although divi- 
dends and payments for its 
$545 million (£383.8) take- 
over of the Pmrina Mills 
business in the United States 
will reduce that to just under 

£3 bflfion by the beginning of 
next year. 

In addition, the Standard 
Oil business in the US has 
made a£l 16 million contribu- 
tion to profits because of tax 
concessions despite losses on 
exploration. Its US marketing 
operations also moved into 


However, it is the 
turoround in the fortunes of 
its British and European oil 
refining and marketing busi- 
ness which is making the 
profits which caned out kisses 
on oil exploration and produc- 
tion caused by the lower world 
oil price. 

The profits of BP Ofl Inter- 
national, the group's market- 
ing and refining arm, rose to 
£913 million in the first nine 
months compared with £329 
million in die corresponding 
period when the world ofl 

price was more than cfoubferts 
present level 

In the third quarter BPs 
crude oil cost an average of 
$12.4 a band compared with 
nearer $28 last year. 

Higher prices expected next 
year in the wake of the 
apparent determination of the 
Organization of Petroleum 
Exporting Countries to raise 
the world price to nearer $ 2 8 a 
band and to $24 by the 
middle of 1987 will restore 
much of the 63 exploration 
and production business to 
profitability, bat this will in- 
crease (he pressure on margins 
in refining and mar keting 

BP sees no real threat to 
retail sales from the incursion 
into the market by the Kuwait 
National Oil' Company in 
Europe or the likelihood of 
other Opec producers follow- 
ing it into the retail market. 

f 14.5m bid for Grosvenor 

Associated British Ports 
Holdings, which wait public 
in 1983, is making an agreed 
three-for-seven share offer for 
Grosvenor Square Properties, 
the Unlisted Securities Market 
developer set up try Mr Paul 
Marber. The bid values 
Grosvenor at £14.52 million. 

The company's directors, 
speaking for 333 per cent or 
the shares, have accepted the 

The bid means that ABPH 
brings property expertise ra- 

cial potential of its 2300 acres 
of developable land. The com- 
pany has been turning itself 
into a joint venture property 
developer with names such as 
Rosehaugh, Trafalgar House 

and Tarmac but think* the 

By Judith Hartley 

time is right to do more on its 

The offer wfl] mean the 
issue of 5.3 million new ABPH 
shares. 6.5 per cent of its share 
capital Sir Keith Stuart, chair- 
man of ABPH, says the ac- 
quisition of Grosvenor will 
bring improved earning s per 
share from 2987. 

He is considering which of 
Grosvenor Square’s biggest 
developme n ts m its £100 mil- 
lion programme, such as the 
vilion in Piccadill 

• JOHN FOSTER: The divi- 
dend for the half year to August 
29 is Ip (same), payable on 
January 16. Figures in £OOOs. 
Turnover 8,510 (10.337). Op- 
erating loss 215 (486 profit). 
Interest payable 252 (435). Pre- 
tax loss 467 (51 profit). Tax 35 
(371 Extraordinary charge 130 
(nil). Loss per share 5.8p (0.2p 

sults for the six months to 
September 26 ip £000s. Divi- 
dend 6p (4.7p). Sales 70.026 

Kennedy Brookes — wfll be 
kept or sold. 

Meanwhile, Sir Keith con- 
firmed that discussions were 
under way which could lead to 
the purchase of one or more of 
the Seaiink ports owned by 


(78,633). Exceptional items 
credit 97 (507). Pretax profit 


MENTS: Results for the six 
months to June 24. Interim 
dividend 7.5p (7p) Group rev- 
enue £1,984,000 (£2304,997). 
Revenue before tax £2,006,129 
(£2,327,376). Tax £734,741 
(£925,429). Dividend payable 
April 7. Earnings per share 

subsidiary, Avimo, has won a 

Pointing THe Wvy 

lb Continued 
Profit Growth. 

Cable and Wtrht f_ss 
Interim Report 

international telecommunications operator: By the end 
of thisyeac 30 dues wifl be linked together tocreate the 

£m 1 unaudited results) 

6 months 

6 months 


to 31 Mac 





Profit before taxation 




Attributable profit 




Earn mgs pe r share 



1 19.3p* 

Dividend pershare 




•AdjuMoi fur CipiufojiKKi Issue 

120 years ago, the laving of the first transatlantic cable 
signalled the birth ofCableand Wireless and established 
international communications. 

Now history is about to repeat itself Cable and 
Wireless has taken the first steps in creating a Global 
Digital Highway which will link the major financial 
centres ofthe world including London, New Ybrk, 
Tokyo and Hong Kong 

The network will become operational by 1990, 
ready to handle the huge increase in world communi- 
cations traffic between Europe, the USA Japan, China 
and other countries on the Pacific Rim. Forecasts predict 
that traffic wiD be worth in excessof3biDjon US S a year 
out of Japan alone. 

is now established as the alternative national and 

The Directors of Cable and Wireless pic repon the 
following unaudited results for the six months ended 
30 September 1986. 

The profit before tax of £. 160m is an improvement of 
18% over the £.136m for the equivalent period in 1985. 
Theprofuattribuiable toOrdinary Shareholders increased 
to £96m (1985— £.79m) Earnings per share increased 
from 8.8 pence to 9.5 pence. The growth of earnings 
in the currencies in which the busii^ss operates remains 

Fluctuating exchange rates will always affect the 
results of overseas activities when they are expressed in 
sterling During thissix months theaverage US S exchange 
rate was 1 .51 (1985- 1.29). Had it been unchanged die 
profit would have been some £20 million higher 

The Director have declared an interim dividend - 
increased by 17%-to 2.05 pence perOrdinary Share 
( 1985- 1 .75 pence) on the increased number ofshares. 
following the one for one capitalisation issue The 
dividend wiD be paid on 31 March 1987 to shareholders 
on the Register on 20 February 1987. 

The cost of the interim dividend is £20,822,000 
(1985 - £17,774.000) 

The Directorsare con fidentoF theGroup scontinu- 
ing long-term profitability asCableand Wireless develops 
its global strategy 

Cable and Wireless 

A world leader in Telecommunications 

Cable and wireless flc. mercury house Theobalds road London weixasx 

James Sherwood’s loss-mak- 
ing Sea Containers group. 

Sir Keith said: “We raid ah 
approach from Sea Containers 
two or three weeks ago, asking 
ns if we might be interested in 
becoming involved in one or 
more of their sea ports.” 

The talks win consider also 
the scope for joint ventures 
between the two companies 
and for investment by ABP in 
the development of new con- 
tainer operations at Sedrak's 

the tails were at a preliminary 

ABP is not interested in 
buying any lo s s making poets 
and it is likdy to focus most 
attention on Sealink’s opera- 
tion at Harwich, Essex. 

contract, worth more than £17 
million, for the supply of the 
gunner and commander day- 
night sights for the British 
Army’s new Warrior vehicle. 

Sheppard, the chairman, said 
that manag ement figures in- 
dicate that results for the half 
year to September 30 win be 

TRUST: Results for the year to 
September 30 in £000s. Final 
dividend 8.0p (14.0p) malting 
16p (22p). Profit on ordinary 
activities before tax 816 (819) 
Tax 271 (299) Profit for the 
financial year 458 (520) Earn- 
ings per share before extraor- 
dinary Hems 24.2p (23. Ip), after 
extraordinary items 20.4p 
(23. Ip) Net asset value 636p 

FIELDS: Arc, a subsidiary of 
CGF, has acquired Bristol Sand 
and Gravel and Homs Sand and 
Gravel (1985) for an un- 
disclosed price. Bristol Sand was 
previously 50 per cent owned by 
British Dredging, with the bal- 
ance held by individual share- 
holders of Homs Sand. Bristol 
Sand operates two marine ag- 
gregate wharves, one at 
HotweDs, Bristol and the other 
at DunbaDs, Bridgwater. 

GROUP: Contracts have been 
completed for the sale of the 
company’s freehold property 
known as the Vaughan Indus- 
trial Estate, Tipton, West Mid- 
lands, for £5.8 million, to 
Du port Properties, a wholly 
owned subsidiary of Williams 

• LONDON TRUST: Results 
for the six months to September 
30 in £0005. Revenue from 
investments 457 (2.233). Other 
income 886 (309) Gross rev- 
enue 1.343 (2342) Net revenue 
before tax 219 (361 loss) Tax 
178 (259 loss) Earnings per 
share (L17p (0.6 lp loss) Net 
asset value per ordinary share 
86.4p (91.4p). 

(CANADA) Results for the 
nine months to September 30 in 
CanJOOOs. Turnover 104. 148 or 
£52 million (83,840) Profit 
before interest charges 6379 
(4,810) Pretax profit 3.726 
(2,162). No tax (nil)- Earnings 
per share 152 c ents (88 cents) 

• SCOTT PAPER: The com- 
pany has merged hs American 
packaged produce; division, its 
Scott Paper international 
subsidiary and its Scott 
Nonawovens division, to form a 
single group. Scott Worldwide. 
The new group, with total sales 
of S32 billion (£2.23 billion) 
and operations in 19 countries, 
will manufacture and market 
Scott’s sanitary tissue paper 
products, Don-woven products 
and soap and dispensing 

• POLYP EPE: The company’s 
acquisitions of Paragon nasties 
and ProceO Plastics have been 

TRIES: The board has declared 
a fourth quarter dividend of 
$0,475 (£0332) per common 
share, payable December 21. 

More company news 
is on page 29 



ABN 1LQ0% 

Mam & Company 11.00% 

BCD 11.00% 

Citibank Savmgst 12.45% 

Coflsofefatto Ods 1 11KJ% 

Co-operative Bank 11-00% 

C. tare 8 Co : H.00% 

Hong Kong & Shanghai 11.00% 

Hoy* Bank 11.00% 

NS Wesbranste 11.00% 

Royal Bank at Scofend_-.11J)0% 

TS8 11.00% 

Citibank NA . 11.00% 

t Mortgage Base Rate. 

CBI chief 

By Ow Energy 
C or re s po nd ent 

British industry was told 
yesteday by Sir Terence 
Beckett, director general of the 
Confe deration of British In- 
dustry, it should not look 
towards the Gownanat to 
improve it competitive 

on cost savings 

S^wlrifig in the M id la n ds, 
he said that artificial pinup 
piffl ing by the Government 
was oo substitute for genome 
company competiveness to 
matotaintog jobs or creating 
new ernes. 

Sir Terence said that the 
CBI is an intensely political 
organization but denied that it 
was party politicaL 

He said: “We stand np tor, 
and speak for, business — 
which in the end will pay 
Britain's bills. We are in- 
terested in political action 
which wfll help British busi- 
ness to prosper. And we will 
speak op to favour of those 
policies which wID help as do a 
Better job. 

- “We are faced with a gen- 
eral election to the next 1$ 
and there are some 
who still believe that the 
Government, or another gov- 
ernment, could radically im- 
prove our situation. 

“This is one of the greatest 
confidence tricks of all time. 
The most a government can do 
is create an environment that 
helps business to Boorish. Bat 
they cannot make it work. 
Onlvtadastry caa do 

“The message we have still 
not properly got home is that 
there is no s u b sti t ute in the 
end for greater competitive- 
ness. We have to manirfarfnre 
products with a competitive 
edge, of outstanding quality — 
and deliver on time if we are 
going to make oar way to an 
maeasiHiy 4m«"i>hp «mI 
fastidious world.” 

Chloride, the- batteries 
group, is reaping the benefits 
of both cost-cutting measures 

announced in January and a 
reduction in pension contribu- 
tions. - ■ _ 

It made pretax profits m the 
six months to September 30 of 
£53 million, against only 
£700,000 in the previous first 
half The pensions holiday 
was worth £1-3 nuWon. 

Tuibovet decreased by 24.4 
per cent to £127.1 million. 
Operating profits were 50 per 
cent higher at £7.8 million and 
interest costs more, than 
halved to £2.3 million. 

The results for the com- 
parable first half in 1985 
included the American opera- 
tions sold to Dunlop Olympic, 
which had turnover of £36.1 
million and losses before tax 

By Alison Eadie 

tileries be induded in the comparable 

A six-month dividend was 
declared on the preference 
shares. Although te chnic ally 
the 3.75p dividend dears the 
1981 and 1982 arrears, m 
effect it covers the 1986 
interim and leaves t he £6 
million backlog of arrears 

No dividend on the or- 
dinary shares can be paid until 

the backlog is cleared. 

Chloride's figures are 
seasonally biased towards the 
second half due to winter 
demaito for batteries. Analysts 

are expecting full-year profits 

of about £18 million com- 
pared with only £500,000 last 

Dr Maurice Gillibrand, who 
leads the Chloride 

sold at the end of September said he was encouraged by 
1985 and vwll, therefore, not interim results. 

Extel lifts profits by 
27% to £7.3 million 

Extel the news agency, 
printing and publishing group 
being stalked by Mr Robert 
Maxwell, made pretax profits 
in the six months to Septem- 
ber 30 of £7.32 million, a rise 
of 27 per cent. 

The dividend was raised by 
a 50 per cent to 3p per share. 

However, the results are 
complicated by the inclusion, 
on a merger accounting basis, 
of Dealers’ Digest, the Ameri- 
can financial publishing op- 
eration bought in August, and 
by the sale ofRoyds Advertis- 
ing Group. 

Turnover was down 20 J 
per cent at £743 million. But 
excluding Royds, turnover 
was 21 percent higher at £67.9 

By Onr City Staff 

agency, million, indic ating consid- 
ig group erable margin improvement 
Robert Dealers Digest contributed 

s profits £979,000 pretax, of which 
Septem- £210,00 was earned alter the 
n, a rise acquisition was completed. 

Profit increases from other 
aised by businesses was 26 per cent 
r share. Faming * per share rose 34 

nits are per cent and attributable 
iclusion, profit was boosted by the 
ig basis, proceeds of foe Royds sale to 
i Ameri- £10.5 million, compared with 
ing op- £32 million, 
ust, and Mr AJan Brooker, the chair- 
dvertis- man and chief executive, said 
foe board was continuing to 
ra 203 seek acquisition opportu- 
ion. But nities. 

amove r Extel’s shares rose Up to 

at £67.9 386p 


GEC eyes sales beyond Nimrod 

By Anne Warden 
The battle over foe Nimrod 
early warning reconnaissance 
aircraft, on which the Govern- 
ment is due to make a decision 
in the next five weeks, is about 
contracts worth “10 times as 
much” as the Ministry of 
Defence order, according to 

The group sees its MoD 
work as part of a broad 

strategy in which Britain can 
compete globally with Ameri- 
can and Japanese 

Mr Derek Robots, joint 
deputy managing director in 
charge of technology, added; 
“For the next 50 years foe 
Chinese market in every area 
that we work in is going to be 
the fastest growth area.” 

GEC already sells power 

engineering equipment to Ja- 
pan, and was recently consid- 
ering a quotation on the 
Tokyo stock market It has 
contracts with Singapore, and 
has sold £1 billion worth of 
equipment to Hong Kong 
since 1980. This week foe 
group disclosed foal it had 
won a £50.4 million contract 
for cockpit display equipment 
for American fighter aircraft- 

£5. 7m to £7. 3m 


Profit before taxation 
Earnings per share 
Dividends per share 

Six Six 

months months 

' to to Yearto 

30 Sept 30 Sept 31 March 

1986 1985 1986 

£000 . £000 £000 

74,263 93,137 200,538 

7,317 5,737 16,096 

9.1 p 6.8p 21 .3p 

3.0p aop lO.Op 

The above tigures reflect the acquisition cti Dealers' Digest, Inc and the sale of 

Royds Advertising Group. Comparative figures hove been restated. 

• Earnings per share up 34% 

• Interim dividend 50% higher 

• First time profit from newly acquired Dealers’ 

• Profit from other businesses increased by 
26% — margins considerably improved 

• Management benefits and financial savings 
will follow move from Extel House 

• Further acquisition opportunities being 

Extel Group PLC 

Extel House, East Harding Street, London EC4P 4HB. 


; ■» 

s Nimm 




' A\ 

.. ‘S’- 

•’••- .' w 

I ■•■ I 1 

By Graham Seaijeant Fmam-wi RiUtnr 

When KUdngton Brothers 
came to foe stock maiket in 
1970 after 150 years as a 
private iamOy-owned com- 
|r, the late Lord Pflkjngtan, 
t chairman, 
said it would probably never 
have been able to tafcp the 
long-term risk of developing 
the revolutionary float gbfs 
tedinologywith ontside share- 
holders’ money if it had been 

quoted 15 years previously. 

The remark says modi 
about Pfllrington’s long-time 
attitude to the City. And in a 
lasting clash of coitnzes, the 
City has fully reciprocated the 
Merseyside industrialists dis- 

Impatience with the glass 
company’s struggle to recover 
from deep recession among its 
two dominant British cus- 
tomers — the construction and 
motor manufacturing indust- 
ries— reached a peak after a 
£105 million rights issue two 
years ago was not instantly 
used to ™h* a single big 

Mr Antony PHlrington, the 
present chairman and the fifth 
generation of the family to 
head the company, has 
worked hard to improve the 
p’s City knag*, hot the 
Exchange long 
sulated in PiUrington 
in the hope of a 
takeover bid rather than back- 
ing the long-term progress it is 
now beginning to mow. The 
arrival of Sir Owen Green of 
BTR, the CSty’sidea of what 
an aggressive company boss 
should be tike, is the financial 
world's final solution to this 

f4a*h of c altwefc 

Judged by non-C5ty stan- 
dards, however, PiDdngton 
Brothers is everything a great 
British company should be; 
the epitome of the thought 
and action Britain needs to be . 
a leading manufacturing na- 
tion. It is indeed, a rare 
example of the sort of com- 
pany that might be more at 
home in Germany or Japan. 

Merseyside’s last great in- 
dependent manufacturing en- 

**pase‘ is a technology* 
canned mnltimrf imqij strong 
in Germany and the United 
States as .wfl as dominating 
the British maifcet It is 
universally regarded as a 
world leader m. glass and 
particulariy flat riass, where it 
hasan estimated 18 percent of 

the world irnwfaf , sh' gbtty 
User, than Pittsburg’s PPG 
Industncs . and comfortably 
abead of France’s St Gobain 
with 12 

Wh ile its snodon fortunes 
were based on the invention 
and development of float 
in the 1950s by Sir AJastair 
Pilki ngton, later dwir mim no- 
til 19S\'- Pflkmgton has 
continued to think long-tcrni. 

ft has pkraphed large sums 
into ocmtizunng mf ew rii q 
keep Ks technical lead in float 
glass and curare tint licensing 
and fee income averajging £30 
m illio n a year is mamtamed- 
It has developed, wifovarying 
commercial success, new pro- 
ducts to replace asbestos, tech- 
nology to build a division 
tiring optics for the medical 
and electronic industries, im- 
proved safety glass for cars 

Profits boost from 
sharper financial 
mana gement 

and new types of glass for 
construction which mi n im w y f 
heat transfers. - 
In tbe words of Sir Robin 
Nicholson, who moved from 
being chief scientific adviser 
at Downing Street to head the 
advanced technology di- 
vision, Pflkmgton has dem- 
onstrated that dlamws how to ■ 
maximize foe commercial 
advantage of innovation. 

Pflkmgtoo. is al«n a shining 
example of the socially 
responsible company. That 
steins from its dominant pos- 
ition in St Helens, a company 
town where foe family ran a 
paternalistic private welfare 
state for many years. . 

its landed it with a heavy tax 
charae, despite losses or small 
profits at home, leaving it with 
m estimated £100 million of 
untapped British tax allow- 
ances— which BTR or another 
bidder with plenty of British 
profits could put to use. 

Mr PiUrington has set about 
sharpening the company up in 
ways remarkably reminiscent 
of foe actions taken by Sir 
John Harvey-Jones at ICL 
The board has been cut in size: 
Individual divisions, pre- 
viously allocated around the 
bo a rdroo m , have been put 
under the control of relatively 

young chief executives. 

The work fo rce in Britain 
has been cut to the bone and, 
as with IC3, much more 
e m p hasis has been put on 

COMMENT Kenneth Fleet 

Reshaping corporate 
Britain resumes 

In the past few 
w o rk fo rce at St “ 
been slashed - from more than 
17,000 to less than 7,000. 
Pjflringfons bim iti£ 
kinds of social tb- 

Redun< . 
have been 

the group £21 million in its 

las* fiiwndal year a fo n e . 

Through the St Helens Trust, 
it has pioneered schemes to 
promote small enterprise. It 
has taken pains to convert a 
dosed fectorysite into ahome 
for small iob-reptaang busi- 
nesses. It has organized new 
plants xm principles geared to 
improving employee satisfac- 
tion and good industrial rela- 
tions in a region notorious for 
the opposite. And it pioneered 

h^scheme fore- 

runner of tiie Government's 
Youth Training Srhwnff In- 
deed, several ofPflkington’s 
local private initiatives have 
rince become national govern- 
ment poficy. 

City distaste for Pflkmgton 
is more than a reflection of 
mutual Tiw Mampiriiwinnh, 
however. There is little doubt 

that flie cushion of 
from beenring float glass al- 
lowed POkmgton to be soft on 
marketing and production 
costs, compared with, its for- 
eign rivals. That made the 
1980s slump even more 


Emphasis on 
marketing and 
added value 

Even before redundancy 
payments, which PiUrington 
ch ar act e ristically accounted in 
a conservative way, the British 
business made several years of 
losses and still records only a 
modest profit The overall 
after-tax return on share- 
holders’ funds remains poor, 
although foe 2.4 per cent 
recorded for 1985-86 is taVm 
after one-off restructuring 
costs and foe company’s 
conservative method of depre- 
ciating its assets at their 

replacement cost. 
The lack < 

lack of sharp financial 
management can also be seen 
in Pflkmgton’s tangled , tax 
affaira Healthy overseas prbf- 


Carol Leonard 

Fears that the London stock 
market could soon find itself 
awash wifornffiong cfpounds ■ 
worth of stock . from , foe 
investment vchides arid port- 
folios of Mr Ivan Boesky, the 
disgraced US arbitrageur, sub? 
sided yesterday when it van 
revealed that Mr Boesky had 
already sold a large chunk. 

Last week Mr Boesky** 
main fund — Ivan F Boesky & 
Co — sold securities worth 
$440 million (£312 million), 
just a couple of days before he 
admitted insider trading 

Questions are now being, 
raised in Wall Street as to 
whether Mir Boesky took 
advantage of information 
about his own case when 
selling the shares. 

But dealers in London were 

goodtoknov^that most of the 
shares to be sold have already 
gone through the market,” 
said one. . 

The market used it as an 
excuse to try to push its 

• Shares in Wight Grf- 
lms Rutherford Scott, 

Britain’s second biggest 
advertising agency, slipped 
22p to 5fl8p yesterday after 
James Capel, the broker, 
placed a line of 230,090 
shares at 508p. The company 
on Tuesday impressed the 
market with profits of £L465 
million, hot CSty analysts 
say the stock is over-vateed in 
foe short term. 


indexes higher. By the dose 
foe FT-SE 100 index was 6.4 
points higher at I610 l 7 while 
the FT 30-share index dosed 
at 1259.8, just 1.0 up cm foe 
day. ' _ 

The long-awaited BIB bid 
for PflJtiurtoii Brothers, cou- 
pled with British & 

Co mmonw ealth’s 
saxxh cm .Exco 
BerisfonTsdeal with Fornzri, 
to sell it 7Q per cent of British 
Sugar gaveraaiVef men hfenty 
to folk about Httmgton 
ended foe' day 82p higher at 
6l3paimdtaft that RlKmav 
yet enter the feay. Exco, which 
had its rifores temporarily 
suspended yesterday morning, 
jumped 37p to 268p and SAW 
Berisford were 2p firmer at 

286pL .. 

' It was also a day packed 
Final figures I Wpm Barton, 
from the Debenhams group, 
lifted ids shares 6p to 264p. 
Beecfcam, which unveiled its. 
first interims rince the new 
American chairman, Mr Rob- 
ert Bauman, lode control, 
dipped 5p to 425p cm dis- 
appointment that the divi- 
dend- had been held at 
previous levels, and Boots, 
winch notched up a volume of 
55 million shares traded in 

after its half - time 

Among leaders Hanson was 
once agam the highest volume 
stock, with 21 million share*. 

t radftd, but Cfita time its share s 

moved higher, gaming 4p to 
195p. The talk is that Hanson 
may be about to launch a bad 
in the US tomorrow or over 
foe weekend. 

British Telec om finned 2p 
to 194p, Glaxo 3p to 900p, 
Lucas 5p to 443p and Hawker 
Siddeley 2p to 413p. 

; Gifts had a quiet day but 
were helped by tire bank 
lending femes- They opened 
about £1 lower but managed 
to dose as much as £% to the 

Charles Barker, die public 
relations company, whose, 
chares have had a rather hairy 
ride since they were first 
floated cm the stock market at 

150p in May, jumped 20p 
yesterday to 118p, following a 
ranch with Sheppards and 
Chase, the broken 
The shares have bounced 
back from a low of 93p last 
week which was caused by 
James Capel, another broking 
firm, lowering itsprofit fore- 
cast from £3.6 nrilHn n to £35 
mffltnr) — after a hmrh. 

But Miss Lorna Tilbian, 
sector analyst at Sheppards 
and Chase, said foe price fill 
was overdone. “We have been 
buyers of foe stock. Even at 
£3 u nriffion the earnings per 
share are 9.6p, putting it ona 
p/e of 9, against an industry 
average of 145. For next year 
we are forecasting £3. 9 million 
winch gives it ea rning s of 
1 1 Ap and a p/e of 8.** 

Shares in BET, foe diversi- 
fied industrial services group, 
slipped 8p to 417p, after 
announcing its interim results. 
The figures were good but the 
shares turned downwards as 
word went round that James 
Capei had placed a large 
chunk of foe -company's • 
The ' 

converted into 

BET "" 

.Virgin, the record empire of 
Mr Richard Branson, had its 
first day of offical dealings 
postponed from- yesterday to 
today. In foe unofficial grey 
market the shares were bong 
quoted at a middle price of 
I42p, just a 2p premium to the 
140p striking price. 

Geest, foe banana and fresh 
fruit importer, where dealings 
begin next Thursday, is being 
traded at a middle price of 
140p in the grey market 
moated by licensed dealer 
Oevelaod Securities, against 
an offer price of I25p. 

Bgan, foe frozen food 
Specialist, which has its an- 
imal meeting for shareholders 
today, gained 7p in late trait 
ing, taking it to 169p, amid 
talk that a predator may be 
about to pounce. The name 
most frequently mentioned as 
a suitor is Dee Corporation, 
itself 2p better at 2 10p. 

. Among breweries Vaux was 
sun being' talked about by 
speculators, with the latest 
word being that Mr Ron 

from associates- of BET who 
had bought shares on its. 
behalf in HAT Group and 
Brengreen, both since taken 
over by BET. The shares in 
HAT and Brengreen were 

& Financial), foe 
supplier of Kg Bang 
software to the City, tracked a 
new peakat 142p tins 
week. The marketis looking 
for profits of £L8m3tiOB 
far 1986 bat this should prove 
conservative. Its shares 
stood at I38p yesterday. 

Brieriey' or another of his 
fellow countrymen may be 
budding a stake. Vaux shares, 
however, eased a couple to 
423p. Bass slipped 7p to 728p 
Third-quarter figures from 
BP lifted its shares 5p to 688p 
and gave a mild boost to foe 
rest of the oil sector. IC Gas 
hardened a penny to 566p, 
Shell 5p to 948p>, and 
UHrawar 3pto I53p. 


Wgh Lm Company 


BU OfWr Cfito* P«>» 


These prices are as at 6.45pm 


Wgfc Cow Cm gmr 

dh JU 

% vm two 

383 283 ASocH^Oitt 
174 126 ASDA-MR 
483 278 STO 
491 361 BAT 
572 449 Bareieya 
m 680 Bass 
450 356 BMCtvn 
726 526 BhJS.CnW 
383 293 BOC- 
289 170 Boob 
608 423 Br AsipspSCS 
709 S30 Br Potrakwn 
200 177'iBr Tuscan 
193 98 BrittB 

354 2SB Burton 

389 277 Cttto&WinteS 
196 158 Cucfcury fle tw eypes 
336 257 CrbIMor- 
704 409 Cons GoMsUs 
327 252 CouttukiS 7 
438 318 OMas &0 
650 406 Fbons 
95* 7oi oehftxttsra 
226 758 GEC 
482 329 (3nnd Met 
11 U 721. CUS ’A .. 

954 720 ORE 
38S 235 (3(KN 

355 275 Qumss 
215'; 141 Hanson 

306 310 
146 150 
447 452 
488 475 
723 733 
422 427 
832 637 









.1319 4 A 

45 SO 

- a* a* 

104 4.1 
28.1 &0 
21 j ao 

17.1 40 
300 47 

14.1 42 

14.1 1JSOO 
102 SfiOO 
203 8300 
11.7 aooo 

155 4fiS 
177 6300 

fin 1500 
125 885. 





43 143 5300 





48 10.1 2800 





7.1 - 73 3300 





53 113 2300 





53 ' 43 1/100 





ZS 18.2 6,100 





21 17.6 9800 





53 203 4800 



*8 . 


67 4800 



• 4-7 


54 .78.7 809 





29 107 3300 





13 229 14® 





15 2 M 1,100 



. . 


43 £02 256 





33 113 1,600 





■22. 183 529 




33 143 779 



• -10 

303 - 

*0 •_ 1*8 164 



• -6 


58 1228 614 



« 42 . 


72 . 84 260 



. -7 


*2 .123 22 M 



' 57 

23 '173 21800- 


HdOUer CVfl* 

dbf Hd 

% P/E 

823 403 WMtcer StckSey 
11*8734 hnpCtmtDO 
583 335 Jaguar ■ — • • 
391 312 LKtmto 

348 27B Land Sacottss 

288 133 Lsgsi * GeR 
484 293 Liny* 

283 183 Lonhro 
231 163 Msna.a^psoter: 
599 417 Midland 
523 426 Nat Went 
575 4S8 P «ODM 
246 162 Pfessey 
942 718 PnxSantial 
234 14* RsesiBeet 
900 60S HsGhit Catalan 
582*3345 Reuters 
791 811 K1Z. - - 
967 762 fldyti ins 
426 344 Ssbsbuyri) 
148*1102 Sears 
415 321 SedgmA Op 
970 653 SMI 
'186 (tS!t 
772 .520 Sun Alanca 
81 '* 77 ISO P/P 
42p 285 Tesco 
529 374 mam EMI 

349 249 Trafalgar Hows 
209 139 TiusHnuse Forte 

2tfit 13*8 Unilever 

289 216 Ud BiseuSs 

410 416 





0.1 931 

10% 10's 

' ... 



117 827 

502 507 

, , 



103 349 

355 380 




17.1 see 

3S 329 




219 1,200 

232 237 





299 160 

425 432 




69 521 

238 238 





.188 188 




223 1700 

SO 557 

. *7.1 


203 220 

*90 487 


273 - 


52 023 

483 498 




142 960 

164 166 





788 795 


-38 8 


523 363 

164 168 
795 MS- 
528 533 
670 877 
-808 815 
406 412 
124*i 12* 
94B 960 
156 160 
820 627 
77 77*2 
378 882 
485 469 
280 281 ' 
1® 170 
233 294 








’ +*« 












2j6 174 1»0 
ao 17.2 491 
in 402 160 
4.7 821.700 

42 6*8 840 
SO 238 171 
44 .1*29800 
4J 17.1 152 

sa oninoo 

18 142 785 
44 5*2 229 

88 28 81.7 558 
258 54 342 323 
tan 67 7.8 701 

78 47 18.74JXD 
80.1 3l0 1*3 145 

1&80 _53 123- 611 

The old conservative de- 
predation policy has been 
abandoned. And the group’s 
strategy in foe US 
1 realized by swapping 
a 30 per cent share in Lfobey- 
Owens-Ford for full owner- 
ship of its gfag? division, 
which gives Pftkington control 
of the sreoad-laigest US glass 
group with valuable contracts 
with General Motors to sup- 
port advanced technology in 
safety glass for cars. The new 
contact lens _ and optical 
electronics division h»< htf 
built up by acquisitions. 

These changes should help 
boost pr e tax profits from the 
£106 miifioo recorded for 
1985-86, which Mr : 
saw as an exceptionally 
colt year, to comfortably more 
than £170 million u the 
present year, when sterling 
devaluation, particularly ag- 
ainst the mark, will reverse the 
currency problems of the pre- 
vious year. 

Sir Owen, with his usual 
impeccable timing, has 
stepped in just as PSUongton 
has done its costly un- 
comfortable surgery and bit- 
ten the bullet of rnmmi-tr-fal 
failure on some of its fibre- 
glass developments. The cut- 
throat atmosphere in the 

Merg&s and acquisitions are much 
too important to be stayed by a 
sensitive issue like inrider dealing or 
the sudden dearth of arbitrageurs. 
Important for the investment banks 
whose profits now depend crucially on 
corporate finance business; important 
for ambitious companies whose 
growth path is through taVfng over 
other companies which they believe 
they can reshape and reinvigorate to 
then - own advantage. 

Yesterday it was the torn of Sir 
Owen Green, the model acquisitor, 
for whom neither size nor reverence is 
a barrier to a bid by BTR. It is 
nontheless interesting that he con- 
fessed yesterday that BTR’s tactic of 
building up a 5 per cent holding 
secretely through the market had been 
frustrated by the market's conviction 
that a bid for PiUrington was coming 
and the determined rise in 
Pilkington's share price. Whatever the 
outcome of BTR’s bid, the restructur- 
ing of corporate Britain through 
merger and acquisition, is by no 
means over. 

Boots is another mryor company in 
the same class and market category of 
“likely to be bid for” as PiUrington. Its 
figures and management performance 
are therefore under more thaw usually 
intensive scrutiny by pundits and 
punters alike. 

Perhaps a shade unluckily its 
interim results clashed with both 
razzmatazz retailer Burton and recov- 
ery pharmaceuticals group Beecham 

be flattering to Boots, its results were 
perfectly respectable and at the top of 
the range of analysts* expectations. 

True the pretax profit figure of 
£97.5 million was rattened by £6.5 
million of property profits against 
£3.4 • milli on last time and also 
benefited from a £4.7 million reduc- 
tion in pension contributions, as any 
propsective predator would have 

As expected the pharmaceuticals 
division in the United States suffered 
from the ending in May 1985 of the 
patent on the anti-arthritic drug, 
Ibuprofen. Profits in America were 
subkantiaQy lower because there are 
now 16 competitors in the market. 

Boots is fighting back with a new 
800 milligram tablet and the wont 
should be over. Benefits from the 
Flint acquisition are yet to come. A 10 
per cent price rise from November I 
on Synthroid, its main drug, has been 
accepted by the market 

As always Christmas is crucial: the 
signs are encouraging. Costs of re- 
organizing Boots the Chemist and 
start-up costs of new venture Chil- 
drens World are being taken against 

The City is shooting for profits of 
around £225 million this year, exclud- 
ing property profits but including 
pension benefits, compared with £191 
million, excluding property, last time. 
For Boots the strategists and Boots the 
share,the outcome of the Flint ac- 
quisition and the development of 
Childrens World, are critical. 

ough comparisons with may not 

Money flows credit booms 

has been at foe heart of I 
PiBdngton’s problems, ap- 
pears to be improving rapidly 
ibanire to foster economic 
growth, the effect of de- 
nationalization plans on lira 
commercial behaviour of St 
Gobain and, in Pilkington’s 
case, also on the sharp 
devaluation of sterling against 
other European currencies. 

hi finaTirial temre, Pfl- 

Jringion should be able to 
mount a stout defence, even if j 
it is, in foe end, faced with 
competing bids. 

Since PiUrington bolds more 
than half foe British fiat glass j 
market, a refe re nc e to the 
Monopolies Commission 
might in other times appear 
almost automatic. 

- If the issue is left to the 
market, however, the legacy of j 
distrust is likely to play a 
strong role, particularly in 
contrast with Sir Owen’s im- 
peccable CSty record. The 
contest win be a set piece 
deciding battle between the 
two cultures of finance and 
industry and its outcome is 
bkely to have a lasting effect 
in part on the claims of 
Britain's regions, bat more 
profoundly on the future 
shape of British industry 

Whether it is seasonally adjusted or 
unadjusted, calendar month or bank- 
ing month, the messa ge remains the 
same. Money and credit in the 
economy are growing too fast for 
comfort And the pound's foil, down 
another 0.4 on the index yesterday 
and plumbing record lows against the 
mark, is starting to become serious. 

The eye-catching £3 J billion rise in 
bank lending last mppth, easily the 
highest ever, should be treated with a 
little caution. Credit is strong, but not 
quite that strong. Some of the increase 
must have reflected lending by the 
clearing banks to their Big Bang 
subsidiaries. And the September bank 
lending figure was an unusually low 
£0.9 billion. 

Even so, and taking the two months 
together, bank lending dp by wefl over 
£2 billion a month fits in with the 
Lawson boom view of the economy. 
The problem is that it may also mean 
rising inflation and a deteriorating 
balance of payments. 

The money figures themselves are, 
as the Bank of England says in its 
printed health warning, “subject to a 
greater range of uncertainty than 
hitherto**. The gilts market, which 
showed a technical recovery yesterday 
afternoon, appears to have been 
slightly encouraged by the apparent 
slow-down in broad money growth 
from a 3J2 per cent September rise to a 
0 to 0.25 per cent increase last month. 

No such encouragement should be 
drawn from the figures. The 12-month 
increase in sterling M3 — 18.25 to 1 8.5 
per cent — is still well above the 
official, but perhaps soon to be 
dropped, 11 to 15 per cent target 

Little M0, despite no increase at all 
last month, was 4.75 to 5 per cent up 
on its level a year earlier. This is 
getting closer to the top of the 2 to 6 
per cent target range, and Nigel 
Lawson cited accelerating growth in 
M0, as well as the weak pound, as rea- 
sons for the base rate rise last month. 
Over the latest three months, accord- 
ing to Credit Suisse First Boston, MO 
has grown by an annualized 6.4 per 

There is both good and bad news for 
the gilts market in the latest figures for 
funding. There was £1.8 billion of net 
gilt sales last month, bringing the 
r unning total so for in the current 
financial year to £5.2 billion. The 
authorities have less than £2 billion to 
get away in the remaining months of 
1986-87, having achieved a successful 
pre-British Gas sales drive. 

The good news is that this funding 
should not trouble the gilts market too 
much. The bad news is that there will 
be. no more large overfunding to 
neutralize unruly bank lending in the 
next few months. 

Sean Holly, in the London Business 
School Financial Outlook, says that 
sterling M3’s waywardness can largely 
be explained by a once-and-for-all 
adjustment to low inflation. This 
adjustment is coming to an end, he 
says, and an 8 to 13 per cent target 
range for sterling M3 should be set 
next year. 

Charles Goodhart, formerly the 
Bank’s chief monetary adviser, takes a 
different view. Financial innovation 
and de-regulation, he argues in the 
Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 
means, more than ever, that rigid 
targets should be replaced by 


Seventh half year of profit progress 


Six months to 30th September 





^Profit before tax 

up 77% 




up 12% 



*Eamings per share 

up 44% 



* Interim dividend 

up 51% 




I N TlElR NlAlTl I lOlNlA 







The Young Market: Dorothy Perkins 

The Style Market: Principles 

The Teenage Market: Top Shop/Top Man 

The larger Market: Evans 

The secret of successful retailing 

giving the market what it wants. 


( \ 





The Men’s Market: Burton The Knightsbridge Market: Harvey Nichols The Family Market: Debenhams 

The Stock Market 

Once again shareholders get something they like the look 
of from Burton. 

Profits up 85% to £148-7 millio n. Earnings per share up 22%. 
Dividend up 29-6% to 5'7p. Group sales up 123% to £T2 billion. 
Market share up to 9%. Debt reduced from £261 million to 
£130 million. 

They are excellent figures, but hardly surprising when you 
recall we’ve returned record profits for the past six years. 

It isn’t just our shareholders who have profited. Successful 
employee achievement has been rewarded, and 24,000 of our staff 
have participated in performance related incentive schemes that 
paid £13.1 million. 

In fact, all of Britain benefited. Our sales of British made 
goods were up by more than £150 million last year. We created over 
a t housand new full time jobs, and of the 1300 young people who 

joined Burton through the Yxith Training Scheme, 70% now have 
permanent jobs with us. 

So much for 1986. But what are we doing about the mming 
years? We’ve literally laid the foundations, adding 75 new shops 
in 259,000 square feet of space, including the first new look 
Debenhams, which opened its doors last month to the Hplightprl 
families of Preston. 

We’ve invested an all time record £112 million in UK 
retailing, and since July 1986 created a further 1200 jobs nnHpf the 
YTS. Our community programme continues to develop new areas 
of activity, stimulating enterprise and encouraging new businesses, 
particularly in the North East. 

If you’re in tbe market for an investment with a future, we’re 

sure we’ve got the very Hie Burton Group pic 

thing you have in mind Successfully Managing Change 

Market looks for the 
Burton magic touch 

Sir Ralph Halpem is a map 
with a mission — to mate the 
Burton the pre-eminent spe- 
cialty store group in the 

Unfortunately, the market 
does not share his optimism 
that he can work the Burton 
magic on Debenhams, turn- 
ing its tired stores into **a 
stimulating shopping 

Since taking over 
Debenhams' in August 
year. Barton’s share price has 
significantly underperformed 
the market and the stores 

. The simple growth story on 
which Burton’s previous rat- 
ing was based has t**-n 
complicated by an ac- 
quisition which has tripled its 
size and there is a natural 
suspicion that Burton may 
have bitten off more than it 
can chew. 

The market is looking for 
firm evidence that Barton 
can turn Debenhams round. 
Yesterday’s excellent figures 
were a start, but were suf- 
ficiently well predicted to 
have little impact on the 





BETs strategy of cross- 
fertflization of services — the 
rationale behind hs bid for 
HAT and Brengreen — ap- 
pears to be paying off already. 
HAT has picked up the 
painting contract for Butfin’s 
extension at Bognor Regis 
and BET w31 be su p pl y ing 
the scaffolding. 

The interim results pro- 
vided no surprises.- Pretax 
profits were 2 1 per cent ahead 
shares which were marked up despite a 

3p to 261p. What is needed fe £3.3 million adverse currency 

visible evidence in the form n ?°y5? ia 5 ; 7,10 
of revamped stores. eluded three months of 

Thi» nmuth nf r.tnj-ni- ■ Shorrodc, one of Brengreen 

-d»ooeofHAT. Drcngnra 

streets has eroded the tra- 
ditional appeal of the depart- 
ment store. 

In order to give choice, 
revamped Debenhams will in 
future sell a severely edited 
number of ranges, confined 
to menswear, womenswear; 
home fashion and electricals. 
New stores will consist en- 
tirely of shops within shops. 

Existing stores will be par- 
tially revamped, with the 
primary aim of reducing the 
amount of space given over 
to concessions to 30 per cent, 
compared with 50 per cent at 
the time of the takeover. 

Concession space has come 
down to 43 per cent, and half 
a million square feet has been 
devoted , to Burton’s own 
brands. . . 

The market is looking for 
proof in the figures and in 
revamped stores, that 
Burton’s strategies will work. 
So far so good. 

A pretax profit forecast of 
£185 million in 1986/7 puts 
Burton’s shares on a multiple 
of 12, a 20 per cent discount 
to foe sector which is surely 

Significant cost sayings 
have already, been identified 
at HAT, particularly through 
cutting overheads in foe 
United States and moving 
into less lavish headquarters 
in Bristol Despite the- bid 
propaganda, there bave been 
no mass defections of HAX*s 
senior operating staff 
The only disappointment 
m foe figures was transport, 
where profits fell 7 per cent 
largely due to adverse ex- 
change rales. Onthe phis side 
there was an extr a ordinary 
profit of £7 million,, prin- 
dpally firoin share shies in 
Thames Television and SGBL 
FuH year profits should 
reach £160 milti on, giving a 
prospective p/e ratio of just 
over 10. The shares surpris- 
ingly died 8l6p to 4l6tep 
yesterday but BET fans argue 
foe company merits at lost 
the market rating, implying a 
share price nearer 500p. 


Mr Bob Bauman, foe new 
chairman of Beecham, 
brought in with the brief to 
reposition its businesses, is 
treating his charge, like a 

business school case study. 

It may seem obvious to sell 
off disparate non-performing 
assets and increase research, 
development and advertising 
spending on proven product 
areas but Beecham’s fiat four 
years earnings trend shows 
that this was not being done. 
. Disposal$fcaveraised£160 
milfion already. . Barring un- 
foreseen circumstances, the 
pot should' contain more than 
£300 mdhoa by file year end, 
reducing g earing to under 10 

The core businesses have 
undoubted potential Safes of 
the antibiotic Augmenfin are 
boonring while the potential 
of other prescription drugs 
such. as Eminase, 
aabmnetone and paroxetine 
is considerable. The over-the- 
counter medicines business, 
NorfhdiffTteyer, is fulfilling 
the best expectations. 

At present, Beecham ap- 
pears -wary about . launching 
new products, an attitude no 
doubt' affected by a recent 
costly failure in the United 
States. However, it would be 

A»fmnpntfl> tO the bllSUieSS if 

more attention were paid to 
the revitalization of old 
favourites than the develop- 
ment of new ones. 

With a virtually dean baP 
et, Beechai 

ance sheet. 

im could 

and should move onto foe 
offensive. Pharmaceuticals 
and OTC medians busi- 
nesses in Britain or overseas 
are prime targets. 

" Fbr tiie -ament ’year," a 
profit of £14S million seems 
achievable — 26 pennies of 
earnings — and puts the 
stems on a rating of 163 
times. In foe short term, good 
news will outweigh bad news 
but sentiment ^9ill soon turn 
against foe group if newly 
found earnings growth is seen 
not to be sustamafate: 

ures in fOOOs for 15 months to 
September 30 (year to June 30). 
Turnover 31,964 (30.200), loss 
before tax 6,305 (440), loss after 
tax 6^307 (442), loss per share 

Paul Chanson, Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry, 
has presented a petition for the 
compulsory winding-up of the 
company. The court has ap- 
pointed the official receiver as 

provisional Uqmdaior pending 
the hearing of the petition in the 
Hi gh Court o n December 15. 

Figures In £000s for half year to 
September 30. Saks 5,271 
(3,308), pretax profit 469 1(217). 
tax 96 (77), earrings per share 
9.3p (3,5). The board does nor 
intend to declare an interim 
dividend. It believes that the 
positive trend will co ntinue . 

company has completed the 
placing of £4,694,600 ordinary 
shares of 5p each at 50p per 
share. A total of 1,200,000 new 
ordinary shares are to be issued 
as consideration for the ac- 
quisition of A SRoyston. A total 
of 305,400 of these tiiares are to 
be retained by the vendors of 
ROyStQn and the halflnr»; of 
894.600 have been placed wish 
new investors. In addition, the 
company has placed an addi- 
tional 3,800,000 ordinary shares 
with new investors. A total of 
5,500.000 new ordinary shares 
are to be issued to give effect to 
these arrangements. 

• DDT GROUP: figures m 
£000s for six months to Septem- 
ber 3a Turnover 3^06 (3.565), 
pretax profit 353 (377), tax 126 
(146X earnings per share before 
extraordinary item 33p (4). The 
board says that the group will 
continue to consolidate hs exist- 
ing market position while 
exploiting new product o p porto- 
oities as they arise. 

INGS: Interim dividend 0-6p 
(05). Figures in £000s for six 
months to September 30. Tusn- 
over 3,789 (1.846), profit before 
tax 527 (356). lax 184 (J42k 
profit after tax 343 (214), earn- 

a*. share 3-I5p (2.04). The 
says that the group' & 
continuing to achieve record 
sales, orders and deliveries for 
all hs products. This, with new 
products under development 
and the potential of existing 
markets, enables the board to 
look to the future with “consid- 
erable confidence;” Greatly in- 
creased production and research 
and development facilities pro- 
vided 1^ the Perivale premises 
will benefit the remainder of the 

pany has agreed to acquire 
through its Dutch subsidiary the 
business and fixed asseuof the 
parirag iTi g inks division of 
Blancomme, a privately-owned 
French company. The business 
being bought is primarily in 
flexographic and gravure inks 
used in the packaging industry. 
Brent is to pay Fr22 million cash 
(£2.3 million) for feted assets, 
including land and bufidisgx 

The company has agreed also to 
purchase at cost up to Fr3.7 
million (£390,000) 


Federative Republic of Brazil 

8 ! A% External Bonds Due December 1, 1987 

NOTICE IS HEREBY G jVEN. on behalf of foe Federative Republic of Brazil, that on December 1, 1986.51^0.000 
principal amount of its &,'&> External Bonds will be redeemed out of moneys to be paid by itto Dillon. Read & Co. Inc., 
i . pursuant u> the mandatory, annual redemption requirement of said Bonds and to the 

related Authenticating Agency Agreement and Paying Agency Agreement, each dated as of December L 1972. 

Hanover TVust Company, as Authenticating Agent, has selected, by lot. for such redemption the Bonds 

bearing the followingseriaJ numbers 

Coqpon Booth to be redeemed in whole: 

U 71 













































































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Regofterad Bondi without coupons to be redeemed in whole or ui port and (he principal amount to be redeemed: 


■ ' M. 

• ' ' 

■ . 


•© . 

— — 


' - — 

^!***^ ' 

5555* ~ 


rb a©. 

S 10.000 

RB 976. 

.. $14,000 

RM 178.. 


RV 240. 

.. $ 5X»0 

RX 137.... 


R8 915. 

.. 100000 


.. 3X100 

RM 239.. 

. 5X»0 

RX 81. 


RX 1©.... 


RB 916- 

.. 10CUJCC 

RB 982. 

.. 2.000 

RV ©.. 

. 5.000 

RX 96 

.. 3X00 

RX 1©.... 


RB 934. 

.. 251000 

RB 983. 

.. 6X00 

RV 110.. 

. 5.000 

RX 127. 

.. 10.000 

RX 140.... 


RB 9©. 

.. 25,000 

RB ©4. 


rv in.. 

. 5 XXX) 

RX 134. 

.. 10,000 

RX 149.... 


RB 972. 


RM 87. 

... 10,000 

RV 112.. 

. 5XM0 

RX 1©. 

.. 10,000 

RX 224.... 


RB 975. 

.. 1X100 

RM 1©. 

... 1.000 

RV 129.. 

. 1XXX) 

RX 1©. 

.. 10X300 

RX 985.... 


to be redeemed) will become and 
Co. Inc., 19 Rector 

Bonds so selected for redemption (or in thecaseofau , 

be due and payable in United States dollars on December 1, 1986. at the office of Dillon. Read &L_ 

Street. New ^ork. New York 10006. at one hundred per cent (100%) of foe principal amount thereof with interest 
accrued .thereon to the redemption date. Coi — ” ’ - ' ' 

appurtenant coupons ' 

to be redeemed (or ir , _ 

Dillon. Read & Co. Inc. on the redemption date, interest thereon will cease to accrue from and after such date. 

thereof called for redemption, 
thereof without charge. 

- At the optiorrof the respective holders of the~Bonds selectedTor redemption, the principal amount then 
interest thereon may be collected upon presentation at the offices of the Co-Paying Agent. Banco Do Brasil. 
New York. London. Paris. Hamburg and Tbkya 

thereof and 
S-A. in 

Dated: November 3, 1986 


Principal Paying Agent 




■ a 

L EARNINGS bare risenby 23% in tbe 
halfyear. .. 

X 'Profit Before Taxation 

amnnnreri to £973m compared with 
£84.9m in 1985, an increase of 14,8%. 



The results for the period do not include 
any contribution from die acquisition of 
Flint. Group profit for the period has 
benefited by £4. 7m following a reduction 
in UK pension contributions consequent 
upon the triennial actuarial valuation on 
1st April, 1986; this profit gainis expected 
to at a *irni1ar level. Employees’ 

' penson scheme benefits have'alw _been 

3. Industrial IMvisioN sales were 
up by 114% and profit increased by 

. f fw- W — ; * , u : -. . ^ • ■ 

affected profit by £L3m compared with 
the first halflast yean 

. ", Eaports of Advil ami BuBc ftuprofea to 
die US showed excellent .growth and 
yielded additional advantages in UK 
factory activity with consequent- cost- - 
benefits.. Total exports increased by 
431%. In theUS competition continued 
to exercise pressure on pharmaceutical 

margins in Boots Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 

Worldwide research' expenditure, in- 
cluding that on •fl«sgqirinfln t increased by 
20% as planned. New research facilities 
in die UK came on stream during die 
first half of the year. 

Farieybaby milk products werere-intro- 
duced into the UK and some export 
markets at the beginning of September. 
Eady sales results are enco m aging. 

4. RETAIL DIVISION sales increased by 
7.7% and profit by 205%. UK trading 
profit, exrinding surpluses on p ro p er t y 
disposals, rose by 18,2% after absorbing 
costs to date associated with the restruc- 
turing of Boots The Chemists and the 
recently announced “Childrens World? 
project. _ 

The major reorganisation of the 'man- 
agement stmcmreofBoots The Chemists 
is proceeding according to plan, providing 
a miich. sharper focus on' the various 
markets inwirichthe Company ts involved. 

It is anticipated that. the conversion of 
-the recently acquired Clement Clarice 
Optical btcanesses to Boos Optical prac- 
tices wifi be completed by April 1987 
providing 82 free Standing optical prac- 
tkes iff adefitiop to the 112; in-store 

Asa nnonneed in October, thefirstthree 
edge-eff-rown Xhfidrens Worid” stores 
wifi open in theSpringprovidinga unique 
and comprehensive shopping facility for 
with young children. This new 

Consolidated Profit and Loss Account 
for the half year ended 30th September 1966 (unaudited) 


Turnover (excluding VAT). 

Profit on ordinary activities before taxation 
Taxation. — ...................... 

Profit after taxation 

Minority interests. 

Profit attributable to shareholders 

Dividends — . — .... ........ 

Profir Retained.. — ........... — . — — 

Earnings per share_~....~.~......~.~...~~. — ... 
















(• 8 ) 





+ &4 




72 p 


Turnover Profit 


Turnover Profit 


Industrial Division...... — ..., — . — r 





Share of results of rdaced companies 






Retail Division .... — — 





- Surplus on disposal of properties 


- - 



49 2 


- (62.9) 

• - 

. (57.3) ; 

Netinterest and unallocated items 


: 7.1 -• 


97 J 

980.9 . 


development will not affect our continuing 
determination to expand and improve our 
Boots The Chemists representation in the 
High Street. 

5. The Taxation Charge comprises: 




.. 27.4 



.. 4.4 




6. Earnings Per Share calculations 
are based on 763.6m (1985, 729.3m) 
average ordinary shares in issue, weighted 
on a time basis and earnings of £64,8m 
(1985, £5 2.7m). 

7. Goodwill estimated at £48xn arising 
on the ACQUISITIONS of Flint and 
Clement Clarke (Holdings) pic will be sec 
against group reserves after recognition of 
statutory share premium relief 

8. The directors have declared an 
INTERIM DIVIDEND of Z8p pet share 
(1985 25p per share) which amounts to 
approximately £25 ,8m (1985 £lS.3m). 
The dividend mil be paid on 8th January 

1987. to shareholders registered on 5th 
December 1986. . 

9. The OUTLOOK for the rest of the 
year is, us always, influenced by die 
Christmas trading of die Retail Division. 
The eady resides of the Flint acquisition 
are in fine with our expectations. In view 
of the many developments within the 
Company the directors are optimistic 
about the future. 

The Boots Company plc 

The Boots GonapanyPlC, Nottingham NG2$AA 



1 ■ 1 i 



The Board of British Airways Pic announces pre-tax prc 
of £141 million for the half year to 30 September 1986 

Six months ended 30 September 
1986 £m 1985 £m 

' 4 i r • : 

' m * 




When I reported our results for 1985-86 in May, 
I said that the fall off in business that British Airways 
and others in the airline industry and associated travel 
industries were facing was serious. 

Following the incidents in Chernobyl and Libya in 
April 1986, traffic in terms of passenger numbers and 
revenue passenger kilometres (RPKs) on scheduled 
services fell substantially . In the quarter to 30 June 1986 
the passenger numbers and RPKs were down respec- 
tively 5.8 per cent and 11.3 per cent compared with the 
previous year. The downturn was particularly marked 
on the North Atlantic routes where the reductions were 
respectively 19.8 per cent and 19.6 per cent. 

We judged that the fall in demand had been irra- 
tional. We deliberately decided not to reduce capacity 
except marginally. Instead, we set about restoring market 
confidence. The imaginative marketing campaigns “Go 
For It, America" and “Concorde Challenge" led the way, 
and, I think, led our competitors. By the end of the period, 
cumulative North Atlantic passenger numbers were 12.9 
per cent down and RPKs were 13.1 per cent down while 
the corresponding figures across the whole network were 
only 2.8 per cent and 7 per cent down on the same period 
in 1985. 

In addition to the sales campaigns, cost control was 
intensified Many of our staff volunteered for work in the 
terminals at Heathrow. As a result of these efforts, 
recruitment was curtailed and staff numbers at 30 
September 1986 were about the same as a year ago. 

Turnover for the half year ended 30 September 
1986 amounted to £1,696 million, against £1,743 million, 
for the same period last year. Profit before tax for the 
period amounted to £141 million against £201 million for 
the comparable half year. 

After taking account of reduced fuel prices, from 
which the airline has benefited significantly, the airline 
operating surplus in the quarter to 30 June 1986 was £38 
million, against £90 million in the comparable quarter a 
year ago. With the recovery in traffic in the second quar- 



♦Year ended 
31 March 1986 
Restated £m 



Airline operating surplus 
First quarter 
Second quarter 



Operating profit/ (loss) on other activities 



;; Discontinued (Note 1) 


S Other income 



1,743 3,14 



13 1 

90 . 

115 . - 



234 i 

Interest payable 




Currency profits/ (losses) 




Profit before taxation 




Taxation (Note 2) 




Extraordinary item (Note 1) 
Transfer to reserves 

NOTE 1 Other activities discontinued relates to Briridi Airways Hefiooptcxs 
Limited (BAHL) which was sold prior to 30 September 1986. The extraordinary 
item for this period relates to die disposal of BAHL together with another minor 
subsidiary. A provision of£12nulliop was made against the investment in BAHL 
in 1985-86l This has now been restated as an extraordinary item. 



£181 m 

NOTE 2 The taxation charge tehees to UK taxation of subskfiades and overseas 
tax. No provision is required far UK Corporation lax in British Airways Pic 
because of the svaOabiHry of losses brought forward. On present estimates no 
p roviapp is Uodytobe required until the next fin a nci al yean 

*ComparutiveJiguresfortheyearto31 Mardi1986havebemextnxtedJimntheauditedai8ountiqp3ritishAirwayfPlcariditssubsidiariesadjustedasindhutedinNote1above. The auditors i ssued 
m unqualified report m the abenv-mentionedaaounti, copies ttfivhith have bem delivered to the SeanaytfStcU for Transport and fled ivith the Registrar of Companies. 

ter, the surplus in that quarter was little different from the 
level achieved a year ago, reduced fuel prices again having 
had a significant effect In the half year to 30 September 

1985 there were £24 million of foreign exchange losses 
on the settlement of overseas receivables less payables, 
most of which arose in the second quartet These have not 
recurred in the current half yean 

In the quarter to 30 June 1986, there were some 
reductions in passenger numbers and RPKs on many of 
our other routes, but these were less than for die North 
Atlantic and there was some recovery in the second 
quarter The South African business has been adversely 
affected by conditions there. Domestic business in the 
UK improved, with Super Shuttle services producing 
good results. The Japanese business benefited from the 
strength of the yen. 

Since 12 April 1986 all British Airways 7 intercon- 
tinental services, together with those to Amsterdam and 
Paris, have operated at die new Terminal 4 at Heathrow. 
The transfer took place during the night of 11-12 April 
and was accomplished satisfactorily. Ter minal 4 has 
established new standards in customer service. 

In September 1986 British Airways Helicopters 
was sold at a loss for which provision had been made in 
1984-85 and 1985-86. The Directors believe that this was 
in the best interests of British Airways in view of the 
depressed state of the North Sea oil and gas market. 

During the half year to 30 September 1986, the 
balance sheet has been strengthened by die further addi- 
tion to reserves and further loan repayments. The debt: 
equity ratio at 30 September 1986 is 36:64 compared with 
44:56 at 31 March 1986 and our debt at 30 September 

1986 had fallen to £353 million. 

British Airways 

Britain’s highest flying company. 

In October British Airways placed orders for 16 of 
the Boeing 747-400 series aircraft equipped with Rolls- 
Royce RB211 engines, with options on a further 12. The 
replacement of the Boeing 747-100s with the newBoeing 
747-400 series, for delivery starting in spring 1989, 
complements the modernisation of the shorthaul fleet. 
British Airways has also entered into contracts with a 
banking syndicate under which these aircraft will be 
made available, at British Airways’ option, on an opera- 
ting lease basis. 

Over the last three months we have also re- 
organised our marketing organisation into a world sales 
and customer service structure to make us even more 
responsive to the market place in every part of the world. 

Competition remains strong and the Euro- 
pean Community is no exception. We welcome 
the action being taken by the Government and the 
European Commission to reduce barriers to com- 
petition so as to open up the Community market 
to greater opportunities for British Airways. 

The events that occurred in the first quarter 
were unprecedented: there was a decline in airlim 
operating surplus of £52 million over the corres- 
ponding period last year, whilst the second quarter 
was comparable with the corresponding quarter a 
year ago. That was the scale of the recovery in our 
fortunes and the response of the airline’s staff and 
the scale of the British Airways worldwide 
route network confirms the Board’s confidence 
in our future prospects. 

17 November 1986 



Aau^u,.uHriu um u_ £. ■■*•■ 

21 1986 


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ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began on November 10. Dealings end on Friday SDb^h 

innings ena on Miday. §Contango day next Monday. Settlement day December I 

§Forward bai^ains are permitted on two previous business day s. 

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03*6 717378 (U*M 


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SkfRMd Mean 31-9 887 -0.7 841 

Do berm 7U OU -06 9,41 

Nttl AwTAMon 1342 TfiLM -10 064 
ftr Em Tn Man 1924 172.7* *03 041 
EM Tat Aeon ms mi «3 i.w 
General Tra» 283 2*5ie -36 350 


1. Lamm Run MB, London HJCT DBA 
01-029 Mao 

US (Mr Ctf» na 7U* -17 024 
OHM FU 1001 1101 *0.1 028 

u^knma Fono 732 00.1 -07 *» 

Hr Mn Find 703 770 *09 020 

Own mm 7*7 706 -17 163 

FMHnd 500 BOO -tM 

Mum Raa Bnt *39 sai -i a san 

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□BOO 373398 

ADW Growth 846 294 

EqJTy Htfi boom 426 456 
Brapaan Growth 306 32.1 • 
Oaneni EqMW 38.0 403 
GB S Fbad bt GBl 296 250 
art 6 Rxm me vz. z as a 
Max StanVm 2*3 266 
M M Tat 

Japan Odnci 326 345 
PWBma Q» 235 255 


*02 050 
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1B1. Chmodde. London BC2V 981 
01-728 1989 

01-728 1999 
Bl»m TOM 436 916 

EarakKOma 193.4 1736* 

Ftaandd ms 177.7 

GSI Strategy 556 576* 

Growth knaetmara 2776 2037 
bcona a OrtswUi 41.1 4840 
Jama Growth 17B7 1902 
M#i Amar Growth 104 7 11 DM 
M Recovery 11*9 1215 

Smdhr Gtftt 2215 234.1 

Qtotwl he TH 816 846 

Special SM AGO 2865 8085 

crown (MTimramvm 

Crown Houoo. WbUrat 0UZ1 fXW 
04 8 82 5088 

Mpi tarn That 3*84 2586 
Growth That 2187 2327 
American Trust 1265 1385 

11*8 1215 
2215 234.1 
615 846 
2865 8085 

+!■ .1 



Da Mem OU w» -w 152 

Bn Oft be ms HUB +t.f 142 

Da Mon 1576 11721 +14 142 

HmaUMttl 917 3*7 -03 069 

SSSrCaate 1195 1202 -03 230 

1*5 13*7 -03 36 


183, Hop* Stteefc OMgcM.OSSUH 
041 821 9253 

n 1206 1297 -06 269 

n 3861 2015 *05 162 

Goa 2iaa am -15 a*s 


1195 1276* -06 098 
006 645* -07 *34 
BB6 1036® -06 0.13 
17U6 192.1 +07 063 

1296 138L3* -17 0 .07 

850 718 -07 140 

1136 1216 -07 060 

B85 935 -1.1 *72 

500 .. .. 

36- Fountain Stl Menchaabr 

Eqrity A flan 446 475a -05 162 

GK&Rxtd tut Fund 62.0 887 *011051 



UK beam 485 501 -05 447 

l* Grow® tens 489 505 -05 243 

Da Hat 48B3az-a.a2.43 

European Growth 60.4 801 +05 153 

PadfcGrowth 524 SCO 406 .. 

SET Rxadtnt Fund 020 687 

is s* « as 

hdamxIMal 2874 2856 

-U 469 
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Knr—nnal AOtn 2SB6 2216 .. 161 

* MaMa Crescent, I 
031-228 3492 

American Fund 
CapW Fund 
Growth B Inc FUnQ 
Hgn out And 
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Hamm M 

SnBr Jap Co"* Rid 
Tokyo Rind 

i Pacbc W 
SmaBer Jap K) 

716 7SJB 

100.1 1096 

129.1 1374 
107.7 11*7B 
2036 2196 

246 295 
384 356 
1585 1905 
1404 1424 
1075 1106 
3126 3200 
1995 206.0* 
285 806 


Bafli Rood. CMnrinam. OlaueaaMr QL62 7LQ 
0242 621311 

UK Balenoeo hie 906 786 -1.1 36S 

DO Accutn 996 74.1 -15 3.BC 

UK Growth Accutn 99.1 214 -15 254 

UK Hon kic be 987 70M -05*83 

N American Aocun 896 715 -14 078 

Fhr Eastern Acorn icz/ 1005 *04 on 

Cwgnm Acorn sao 038 *1.1 153 

UK <a A n be 504 635 -0-4 9.19 

Do Acorn S16 56.1 -04 260 

Adenta Dam. t lora gcn Home, 28. M ashan 
(toad. noadotd RMl «6 

1004 1154 -05 8.11 

35. Fawnb Sl Man dta a Br 
0S153B 8825 
EqidtaM Mean 736 7024» -15 052 

mt taeoma Tru* 736 786B -16 5.10 
OB A Read be 479 616 -04 031 

2 Honey Lb B2 BBT 
01-900 9086*8 

GN DM OR AM 884 895 OOO 

U6 amt Bond Fd ■ SS15 516 - .. .- 

CMamr 496 506 .. 260 

• T 


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01-405 8331 

Cam A Equty 425 826* -06 752 

bCOfiN 559 596 -07 5X0 

Groom 824 886 -07 217 

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TW 01 bn Thao 
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Mr Eastern Truat 

479 616 -04 031 

886 726 -0.1 167 

73.7 785 -15 240 

686 824 -06 1.70 

886 82.1 .. 0-49 

525 856 -08 1.15 



aGiorfle Haa CtrporaUon EL Ctmntry CV1 
0203 868231 

UK Grow* Aeon 14*5 15560 -24 360 

Oa Incant 1255 13S5B -0.1 269 

Tbe prices in this 
section rrfer to 
Wednesday’s trading 

725 775 
206 22.1 

726 9*2* 
296 316 

1224 1335 
1156 1229 
1126 1225 
2944 2006 
92.1 989* 

786 775* 
1346 T42M 

-15 069 
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-42 252 
+07 052 
-15 577 
-05 167 
-1.1 265 
405 064 
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165 175 


S3 91 -« 

ns ia 

2) 15 • 

*5 50 

M VO. -V 
aa 1 ! 69 *i 

KD 123 
16 U 

30 a 

«0'» 411 
112 118 *-2 

ta 147 *2 

252 37 .. 

M2 MS +7 

19 21 • . . 

85 90 -a 

MS 155 -5 

48 SB 

*3 45 +■! 

325 3*0 

172 177 

220 230 

2 2 *. 

8S fc -2 

155 165 S 


28 30 

138 145 B 

in in 

S H 

ITS -2 
127 130 , 

m i» -5 

IS 158 +C 

1 BY 

229 233 -2 

M IB -1* 

95 90 +3 

72 & - 1 

n to 

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11 . 

m »« 

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■70 7* -I 

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IZi 128 • 

IS 20 't 
270 210 
X S t 
427 43* 

ffl a **i 
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18 18 +« 

SB 1GB +4 

only one pri 

17*i 19 -•» 




IS +1 


55 -a 





SO +1 



20 -2 





42 +2 












129 *1 















a +3 




43 *2 










133 -2 





88 +1 


44 • .. 





WO • 




















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190 a . . 
















■ to 

83 • . 





295 +2 





282 *4 









469 -5 











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180 +2 





122 a*1 



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195 • 





105 * .. 













85 *3 


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400 *ra 









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270 -7 




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80 a *2 















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91 -3 











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323 -2 













120 a-7 







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145 +'J 


85 a-3 





84 e-z 







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IB .. 







373 +11 

129 ♦» 



80 «*2 





97 -1 








MO a . 






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183 -2 






562 -1 




a H 




121 +1 






138 a>3 



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IB'j .. 

83 +5 





195 a .. 
2*5 a-5 




IT 1 .- 














US +1 




50 *5 




163 a+S 






20 33 -Z 

19 22 

307 312 .. 

aj 41 

105 115 

175 MS -5 

*1 K a-i 
125 130 .. 

330 ZDS .. 

5* 58 

a 24 +'r 

157 162 .. 

157 IB 

X 84 -1 

MB 118 +8 

M id a . 

n 18 



Hitfi Low Ctromy 

« 14 295 

21 S3 115 
45 42 125 

43 85 120 

53 *1 117 

.. a .. 8*7 

*7* 29 ISA 

$*U >» 

17 25 22.4 

84 81 -2 

W 87 +1 

177 192 *5 

97 a 

1T0 120 *5 

86 M a *9 
109 IIS 
13 132 
M2 197 

93 98 

3* 37 *1 

*5 50 

105 ira .. 

M 17 -1 

07 KB * . 

43 47 8+1 


15 17 


97 100 -2 

S3 a 

107 no. 

IS 17 107 

.. .. 45 

UJ 15 42 
44 2* 111 

28 33 113 
35 32 129 
45 15 144 

13 34 125 

48 98 115 
16 U 112 
.. a .. 19 

7.7 77 17 

06 09 .. 

29 55 153 


0.1 0.1 7T 

29 29 

43 45 H6 

17 -•? 

270 -S 
87 *2 


ITS -5 

a +1 

220 • -5 
21fl • 

ITS a -2 
41 *2 



ill) *2 
70 *»2 



SS 4 
» * .. 

a *3 

2® • 



TOY -3 
245 **9 

810 -5 

29 22 115 

32 *4 2i.i 

43 'is tu 
57 SJ 78 

13 32 126 

39 11 215 

n « -rf 

250 2SZ -2 
72 7S *-l 
5S m B-5 
113 111 *3 

385 405 B+O 
93 97 B . 
67 82 *2 

70 73 * . 

m no • .. 

Ml 17*1 
JO 95 
TM W7 
177 182 B . 

M 1I> *'. 

19 19*j *U 
32S 3*5 r-5 
*8 S2 • .. 
13 Si 

Z? JS9 a . 
1M MS *2 
89 X -l> 

34 U 232 

55 75 96 
40 20 28.3 

29 15 275 

09 1.4 204 

§7 SJ 05 
as 4.1 150 
11 25 1B4 

<36 25 202 

17 43 119 
*3 25 15 


29 26 SB 

37 S* M7 
.. a .. 26 

40 *5 ua 
*7 75 96 

10 39 219 
29b 11 209 

03 07 312 

45 9.4 ill 

.. .. 309 

31 12 717 

4S 19 57 
29a 23 SA 
29 23 H6 
25 22 M2 

75 11 113 

77 .13 93 


2i i3 at 
31 33 256 

7.1 S3 ]45 
39 16 21.4 

35 1 7 31.7 

11 u u 

47 31 KL9 

1.8a 45 gui 
G3 36 173 
M 15 235 

10 || T7D 

83 n u 


am *9 

4# 4J} &7 

310 55 .7 

>3 10 SO 
23 37 96 

33 31 a? 

04 24 1VB 

57 81 05 

& 34 T17 
18 20 215 

13 63 155 
17 09 523 

11 12 *46 

QM® » 

Or* YM I 19W 

Wqa aenra * . p.f | Uqn Low Cvmm 


Pact At YU 

I Otftr uerae % P.t 


+4 319 35 

S H3 

*2 ®LB 

I . . 390 20 

1*1 19 07 

i*'+ 23 *7 

+Y tt? 16 
+3 225 46 

+> J3 35 

^ 1 if 

■a “ 

.. 156 44 

*1 16 05 

-i 16* m 
.. 16b IB 

.. BB M 
+14 Ub 14 
+2 06 16 

H % 

♦i a £ 

.. 2.1 16 

4- til 22 

+1 U 16 
JM 15 
.. 09 *1 
♦I 16 1.1 

36 26 

+8 17 09 

55 12 
♦1 39 24 

33 22 
+2 21b 16 

♦4 26b 26 

♦1 20 16 
+1 23 16 

+1 179 U 57 

-a 3* n 

-A. S3 *3 
-4 465 27 

+1 33 16 

-2 56 20 

-5 26 05 








43 ' 













































16 26 836 
• - » .. 736 

Ms *T 173 



706 |5 1*1 

mo a tu 

U 36 396 
45 26 195 

7.1 17 172 

13 10 146 
1£T 17 133 
7.1 35 116 

« 11 135 

§ 25 15 «6 

IB 21 203 
» 05 72 

OH il 90 
BJ 22 315 
2B0 65 39 

05 0.4 . . 

106 86 82 

_ 78.0041.0 

156-O-K 0 

158.6- 58.4 

161.6- 614 

M 2* 165 

37 55 100 

unorocm pneos 
Offlctat T uiT Hwr O g M * 9 
Prica in C par mttlc uoiw 
SOtwr la panes portray mate* 
ftadotf WoK6 Co. Ltd. raport 

1 VOI 





Three Martha . 





Cash — 


Three Months . 

394.1 0-395.00 




793.00-794.00 ! 

Three Months . 




Ton* Sfrvrtv i 



— 2568-2572 

Three Months. 

— 2610-3813 




"ra-, *■ 

Shanp ikml down 04 %. ova. 

londcw potato 


C per lame 

i Open 




151 jO 









SuppieO vis CamnwSty 


lonoon beat futures 
UwCotthi Contract 

onih Open Clow 

GJU. FraigM Futons Lid 
"W fiO Par Max point 
* MgMMn - • 

High/Low Ctoss 
JtonBT 7244-7234 7245 
7604-7564 7604 

4* 67 6654-6654 663-5 

Jmffl 7854-766,0 7S75 

AwngafaMdek pdcnaat 
Nov9obar20. . 

OB: CMBfcSZaip por kg Iw 

^B^Bflp 16&30PPT \V 

08: n«. 7E94p por kg iw 












Wt 51 lots 
Open intsreat; 2009 




HMiAjOW Ooh 

Dac86 1020-1020 insnQ 


Dec 754040.0 

Jan 7S»785 

Cash — 

Voi NN 

Tone — Idle 


Cash 59S4044940 

Three Months 54740-5*040 

CatSe nos. down 154%. me. 
price. 16848rf+1.Q2J 

Pig noa. down 34%, art. 


Cetflenps. down 255 %. aim. 























Shandwick Communica- 
tions: Mr Aiaa Mole becomes 
cbainnaxt, and Mr Baal 
Towers managing director 


a director. 

Hcrben Cotterilh Mr S A 
Greaves becomes a director. 

MAI Sir Benuid Asdley j$ 

a nonexecutive director. 

Bulges Salmon: Mr Han; 
Wiggm becomes a partner. 

Valin Pollen Inte rnationa l: 
Mr Norman Lindsay becomes 
group finance director, 
succeeding Mr Michael 
Hetstead who becomes dep- 

Baidon London: Mr Timo- 
thy Fox has been appointed 



Ctaartng Banks 11 
Finance House 11 

DtaouMItatat Loans % 

SSS2» 9 ““ 7 

TJwaflf BBfa (Draccwtf%) 

2 mnS 10'** UP*n 

3 mnth 10"a Snmttj hE?. 


managing director, succeeding 

Mr Band Manrhtp, 

Malcolm McIntyre & Part- 
ners Mr Roeaid Hepburn bas 
been appointed account 

Mercury International 
Group: Mr H A Stevenson 
becomes a director. Mr A 
KStewart-Boberts and Mr M 
R Valentine become vice- 
chairmen, S G Warburg & Co. 
van der Wydc become vice- 
ctiairmen, Warburg Securities. 
Mr van der Wyck; is abo vice- 
chairman, S G Warburg & Co. 
Mr D A Higgs has been 
appointment head of the cor- 
porate finance division ofSG 

Warburg & Co. Mr S A 
Za ua aim has been ap- 
pointed ioint chairman. Mer- 
cury Warburg Investment 
Management. Mr R P B 
Mfcfcaefeoa becomes joint 
c hairman , Warburg Invest- 
ment Management 

County Group: Dr -Martin 
Owen ha* been ap pointed a 

Midland Bank Group: Mr 
Ian Teaser joins as director, 
group finance from January 
12 . 

European Investment Bant 
Mr A JO Rjfdhfe has been 
appointed a director. 






There is no-one offering motorists in NW London 

better quality soles and servier dun us 

For aR your jaguar and binder needs, we're first, 
foremost, best. 

Gmiaa itevny soon. 

Sate Oh-HO 8252 SnMbys 01-4*1 2131 
202- 2£M High Street Barnet, Hats. 



01-440 8252 


£T 4 S? .Fab 16 

* Wow 17 Nov 28 pgt) IS 

1/5° Amfctronfc. Trtoctrol. Fraranti. Ltaer&Co. 
TO^H^^ ^o^B ot toW tB. Sood»^Afcy flc no « nige w i . London S*«. PoOy 

Trippft onB W—att. IfltrwS 


3mnm KP^IOOuflinnih 10 u wl0 ,, w 

TrtdeB*a (Discount 

1"^? 23?? 2mnttj If 7 !* 

3mnth 11 '*w 6mmti 11 'w 


Overnight; open 10X doss 5 
1wwk10X-10 Bmnth 1154-11*5} 


l!22!!9£ 3 m* ii 

Bmnth ITU 12mth 11* 

local Authority Bento nu 

I™"* 31*32* 2mwi 11%-llx 
Smtfi ttX -11 8 mnfh tlX-ji 

9mnth TIM-11 iaSS 11X41 

DOCB8 ZZ — , 

Mar 87— 


Sap 87 

Dec 87 

Mar 88 


Dec 88. 

i Mar B7 


Sep 87 



M»8 7_ 

An 87. 

aoitdat 1 

Dec 86 

Mar 87. 


- 89.10 

- 89.10 

- «aap - 


Manat 15097 

88J3 88.64 

89.12 89.03 

80.12 8088 

8890 8890 

ftwrious day's t 
0107 9420 

0814 .349© 

9493 9899 

90.79 93.75 

Provioua day's 
9031 90% 

9003 9021 

Ctrara Envoi 
9850 3193 

8868 1846 

89.12 349 

89.12 349 

8895 10 „ 

8873 0 

I open Manat 28337 
9494 1806 

94.10 34S0 

S4J30 502 

9876 295 

at open M a nat 35 59 

96- 18 5389 

9022 63 

97- 25 0 

Hal nan Msntt 957 
eflB 72 
9020 0 

— 0 





?== = 
021 745 5566 

9 NOME 821 351 093 

l ""* IP^IO**® 3 mnth iife-iis,, 
6mnth 11*ta-1Hte 12 rath 11V-11K 


inaah&gg^gg a«nnth saosno 

6 mnth 890890 12mfli 810805 



Mar 87 

Jin 87 

Sep 87 


Dec 86 

Mar 87 

7 days 5%-6'w 
3 mnth 8 1 i»8 N w 

7 days 40r4K 
3 mnth 4V-4N 
7 days 709-716 
7 days 70-754 
3 mnth 4-3% 

7 days 4V454 
3 mnth 4K-4H 

cal 654-654 

1 mnth 06* 
68Mb CwS*# 
c« 04 

Iranth 4*-4* 
BrnnSi 4S-4* 
cal 7%-8* 

1 rmth 754-7* 
Bmnth 854-8 
cal 1 X-* 

1 mnth 3%-3 
Bmnth 46* 
cart 454-3* 

1 mnth 4 *m4>m 
6 mnth 4594* 

KnraHTand* (percokd; 
S^iOMttOO 02744 






Fbtad Rata Starting Export Franco 
Schama IV Anrape mto ra nc a rate tor 
■merest period October 8 5386 to 
October ft. 1988 taefcriva: 11.237 par 

Approval is to be sought from 
holders of the voting and noo- 
votiug ‘A* ordinary shares fin- 
enfranchisement of the non- 
voting shares to rank sorf passu 
in all respects wifir me voting 

- ^^firariom day's total Open Mara rt 1743 1 

u %% £3 sas m 70 

™ 8 


16265 16266 182.70 1KL60 12 

nmgmraKceapanda« ilgBai aa draaBal67jBWarto«aHBa«yJ67JV 


MM>d 1-3660-1-3590 

angapon 81885-2-187S 

MAMS 8804086060 

*MM 06461-06448 

Canada 13841-13846 

SNeden 8935089400 

Norway 7^760-73800 

Danmafc 7.7550-7.5600 

West Germany 20055^.0065 

Swtzartand 13678-1.6688 

Netherlands — 22S45-2.26S5 

Ranca &562S-6T675 

Japan 16245-18255 

Kwb tong L. 7J940-7.7945 

Portugal 14870-14830 

Spain 19SflS-l3P?P 

Austria 14.11-14.13 

t*??’ oevac iHuo. j,0Qtj 
. — . CQB 

*CROttB SflVSBfiU 

IMS. 5900 mass only 

42 Mto Sapphkv Btoe, Btoe 
Wa. t owner. 32JM0 




of 1988 

S23L2 00 



1.4105-1.4115 0L569^5pram 

1)4-1 Uprem 



1-41-1 26CXWT7 







4 XSUpnm 

2854-18* pnffl 


t Avis Europe £500) 

I BCE (38p) 

| Baker Harris Sndr (170(4 
I BtenheM ExWb (95p) 

Brake Bros (12Sp) 

Qordon RuaseB H90| 
Great Southern j136| 
Guthrie Coro (I50p) 
Harrison (l50p) 
intarnnk Express (IB 
Lon Asac Bw Tst (14 

ABad Lyons 


140 +2 
68 +3 
- 1B1 

Lloyds Charatat (101 
Lon& Metro pottan < 
Mecca Leisure (IS 
MAT 6 Santbousa 
Plum Hdgs (90p) 

Rotunda (95p) 
SandaO Peridns (13 
Soot M^b 100% a 
Thamas TV hoop) 
Trees 10% oSI 
WMtnav Uackay n 

WboBons Batter (II 

Yatverton (38p) 

I 1»+1 

m 170 46 
• 144*1 +*i 

06p) 161-2 




1 173+1 

I 219 

77** -A* 
50 E39*b-*» 

W ■■ 166 


Backs Letowa N/P 
Blue Arrow FTP 
Br. Benzol N/P 
Cook Own N/P 
esirick N/P 
NorfaBt C ap F/P 
Petrocan N/P 
Ratfiand N/P 
Mtaddbigton N/P 

(issue price to brackets). 




3. -'4 


Cons Gold 

— 3 

117 10 
85 35 

20 30 
S 18 
8 8 
100 108 
83 80 
33 45 

120 140 
82 104 
47 75 

60 88 
42 52 

27 37 

10 19 
18 23 
6 M 
3* 9 

IB 32 — IB 30 — 

8 17 — 33 40 — 

2 — — 55 — — 

mom BA 


500 25 47 63 17 32 38 

550 5 20 36 55 58 63 

600 1 12 — 98 98 — 

420 60 67 87 3 6 10 

460 30 45 60 13 24 32 

500 10 23 40 38 47 S3 

550 3 11 — 85 90 — 

330 53 — — 54 — — 

360 23 42 — 3 10 - 

390 7 25 35 17 25 28 

420 3 10 : 20 43 46 52 












Marks & Span 





Z4 2B 34 

11 17 24 

4 8* 15 

DO I* 

40 52 G7 

20 34 46 

125 138 — 

82 102 - 
45 87 100 
22 46 74 

29 40 48 

13 22 30 

4 10 13 

14 23 30 

a a o 

10 15 18 

28 30 30 


* 7 — 

6 16 20 
20 35 38 
5 IS - 
14 30 — 

30 52 58 

65 82 90 

1 * 6 12 

11 17 20 

38 38 41 



BAT tods 




Brit Telecom 




Trafalgar Houae 












































kUdfand Bank 

80 90 — 
47 58 70 

30 38 48 

105 — — 
75 82 — 

50 58 73 

ZB 35 -BO 
40 52 65 
20 32 42. 

6 15 — 

22 28 37 

10 18* 24 

4* 10 — 

27 32 39 
.12 19 25 

6 12 — 
40 43 53 

22 25 35 

11 IS 22 
88 — — 

45 53 60 
26 33 40 

13 18 27 

30 35 — 

23 28 33 

13 19 22 

77 96 107 

40 55 65 

14 25 35 

57 68 83 

30 42 53 

12 20 SO 

I 13 - 
20 77 30 

40 4S 50 

3 "4 — 
6 16 20 

25 36 40 
15 25 32 
40 47 50 

87 K - 
7 10 13 

17 19 24 

29 33 — 

7 9 11 

12 17 22 

27 31 — 

9 11 17 

25 30 35 

47 SO 53 

* — — 
* — — 
* — — 

6 8 12 

20 25 28 

37 43 45 

4 8 — 

10 13 16 

21 24 27 

5 14 22 

23 30 37 

55 60 62 

7 10 15 

22 32 35 
S3 65 70 



JaguarXJS V12 coepto 


•tan hide, 0500 m8a&, 
throughout, 1 owner since 

Tat 4ty <My 82*2 ms*! 


Jaguar Sovereign 16 

October 1986. Oritaeiy otegs 
only. Safin bage wtfi bariey 
leather interior. Best oOb owr 
E26A00 aacuas. 

Tot 61 499 9448 
(Office hoars) 

XJS V12 

May 1906 (CL Steel blue 
metallic with savllie 
Interior. 1 owner. 7.000 
mHas. Air conditionfng. 
FSH. Warranty und May 
87. £21^00. Tet 061 480 
2979 (Office) or 0625 
582514 (Evenings & 
Wne k M K to ) 

*J» he via as wwia eaa. 
ram. FUHy enimd tnrt n ara c 

aws coodidoa. FSH ivaMUt, 
no osk. For rurewr 
eetara !*■■»( noted Mr A.W. 
FOOer or Mr R. W. Bum eB. oF- 
BwlMHS 0734 483888 or efltor 
boors 0491 681797 

MWAH XJS B J CaMeht. Jnnr 

torors sale. 4Z3J95. Tet 0778 

f JA8 B AH XJS 1983. Wine 
I nw te tec. doe tete rate. 2 

cnnW do n (Iwnghoui £14.790 
ono. DW Mamrahead 785796 / 
Eves TtoftM 349290. 

bas. 1*00 0 ral Hs. 02.960. 
7W: 01 839 SS07 COSIn bean) 

laws XIS 8 j& OdbMt web 
fasts Woe lea rner rahrtcr. 

muon. FSH. £16.900 Tet 
<0734) 417011 once or (07941 

ns cAUQtrr 16 iae4. ne 

j a w e t e Type. 2 + 2 . V 12 . 
1972. cre ep - Profftrlnmny re- 



• (B) SUBt s raa He m CBNttoVBegs nans. Many Earas_P0* 
11 (CEg 8LVEB SPBBT. Otera Bfae. tage rtenor. 37 JOG m raw 
M (OCT) BBRlrt L IcM Oyss/Tra tttt. B5C0 « n 


nW WWl 

0202 874152 (W/E> 6202 570575 (Office) 


n w ? ssna umme 

mr HBcaes iag «t wg. 
maos hke m mu mu 

5GB « What UaL 300 Bhp. 
scecal otter, iwmb DM 
560 sa Tat hee 
4M SE Nubeal Vue « WMe 
200 MB Naacal Bks. ES8 
1863 AO 88. mate, velar, fa* 
opens me draw A/C. dec * 
toB seas. 22800 m..E21jM 
1M4 236 TE 5 Speed, blue. s/nM. 
abs. m ra ctad saas, r/cass. 
FSH. *6000 m p m B5 

1884 190E Mint blade, esr. 

£3* ,5ffir_n'5§: 



4 door. 1905 V mastered. Btacto 
Reecsm seas. Beetric suawot 
Centra lucking. Beane mKnrs. 
Btednakt New York recto cassette. 
Ndge bar. FUraig beads. Wood 
& P&ed oahut eaenor cappuns. 
WM aBoy Meats. 1 owSTSS 
serace navy. 

RL Ttomas (I 
8752 872J15 
8752 785611 



nsaacBttte maation. B reg. Audiri 
1934, 46000 rales, draomrawi 
tmmn velor menor, M spec, eteetnc 
sefis amrad etc AAa, crux an- 
sok scro system. 

S22A08 eao. 

Tefc M82 224861 day sf 
8482 6S8S25 tnSS 




WXe have been csteblbhed since 1969 and era a wry 
expertcncod company. **»lth a turnover in excess of £4 

mUDon. n um beri n g a m an ger our dtonts we have 
major companies and local wAoilua 

with one of Che following schemes 

* Leasing * Co ntra ct Hint 

* Lease-Purchase * Asset Realisation 
ideal Jot any busines s faigw or wtaU. 

Any make — any model 


He utUI be pJettecsf to hetp 

1979 Cedsri Red. Beige Me 
Prw Reg Ha 36JXD ms. F5i 



7B V Reg. Bte*. Ma^rofe taJe, 
B fey k evtrfla. ntme tfiites. 
Ga^OO TOwarantod. 

82 Y Reg. Cotssted. Bage tide 
pzsd dart arewn. 31000 mk. 
FaL HR Warranted. 


6rassfcfcs Perft 
0738 25481 
Office Hrs or 
Srettey M. 




»■ • 

Oct Sdncta BT LB Antic met 

C^Seraft ^ 

B W Hw St, 

1984 Cloud Ilf 

Must be one of the finest 
cars Itit in the country. 


1385 Green, ben Mb. 
18JB0 mis. £43,500. 

Tefc 0787 313137 


Gold mnaffic. Approa 38X00 

CTUlcS- FtwHm wW.hiw 

RrniB terrice i p j cnfa , 
ivSwc. and MOT mm) 
rUuua ry 87. 

09jm aw. 

» 6323 9792/. 

(9 to SJtj 


CotorokJ Brigs 1 ootbt. 
nwracobte. 27000 odes, 

Tat 0384 


.■Bpawtto— .SHppteraa 
Gray Mrs 

81 Qlfltoo, Sraphf* un, 


ads. As no*. £a5Da 
Mos> Ns* Ifadefa fa Stock 
Liste/s Defivers 

P, GooAct on OSD 56X25. 

bbkk|, 1 n 


of Stratford Upon 

mew a audi & 


Moat Modata fn Stock 
Cont act 

Tat: 0789 294477. 

AM QtMTiaO Coor THtba 
1906 *C raox Mmlbc Mue. 
dw MDir. Heated froai 

•rate. rt««f. abb. stmo. 

laooo ** ■«». f?n.floo 
htOW 370432. 

m mm r on cc c nt wmi bi E . 

1986. WWte wltfa Moe tmrrtor. 
ft** WtoWamg camr- 

mflea. oam oar cajsa'TVet 
0029 239472. 

1 80 Qarara 2JI litre. wHta. 
abeoadMoB. raey nrMted. 

4Mf» ona £4996. Tet wort 
0708 631228 bone 07948 472. 

AiMo. Air can. AMMock Orate*. 
Crete. FBH. 1 owtMr. Only 
ZOJOOO rate. tmwdMp 
warranty im Arad 87. £11 ^co 
ono. Tfat 0028 <71044 Wk 
days aaor 9-6. no dealers. 

Aim 98 1966 (O. wbbe. PAS. 
•toe windows. S/R Btaapaau 
4 te t o fc w radio nadir, ta»- 
msnrtaw. TAOO red*, warranty. 
£8.950. Tel Q314te7-4980 no 



Maury. One owner. Dark oyster 
wltt mi staoo m adarior and red 
Piped fines. OackevaftK root. 
Car Mophona. Rcalc tables. M 
stand** BtOnga tanraUase 
condtoR. 7,000mlss- E7UUL 

Tat 01-202 8311. 


Ooeniche Ftxad Head. 

1 previous owner. 
Ivory/chooolate Connefly 
tnm. 17.000 mites. 

Full service history. 
Pristina condtton. 

No offers. £40000. 

Tot 0208 83X788 


U9II) Goid oKtallic body/ 
hnwo vtayl Foot mnarnUr 
■hb e c at 4J17 rales an 

^y -teby^SR 


Ptoat Bristol 


new* osed cam. 0682 872182. 
<VW deatorX 

an Com. crc model. 1986- 
aooo ads. VVMfa. navy bood 
and m*bl vcc. as new. 
£8.700 TffcW g96> 27187 

tell vS?Audl rateHtaMH 

prices from ICC 01-202 8G96. 

■n* L tebas. bnroed deL 
0682 872182. <VW daUcrX 
VWAUM 1987 nodtos save tv te 
£3.900. aot hapods. free eotote- 
> brochure taMecar 0978 3B090B 
rw/ ABM Inc GMTCTI A 1 Huge 
Dtocoual.RajddDettvety.Pb 0 e- 
nte 1025 126) 4676. 



10 MR 

On shadow Made II in 
r.hfatrait om sand 
regBtcred 1979, full 
instoiy, pmnrnf 434X10 
miles approx. Absohridy 
faeautifaL £19^0a PX 

Oxford 0865 512277.T. 



ATOMS A SONS require raw 
late, low laoeaoe car wioi histo- 
ry. Can now 021 427 3236 or 
021 464 6866 

8 J. nSCHOB Pays Mtfwst prices 
Ibr low mileage Rft * Benbcys- 
193040. Ol 78S 6633. 

1987 sand Rattey 8 Wasted. 
Who can fltva me the earnest 
delivery m 1987 on a new 
tpnrinranp u Bendey. I have me 

C22V7 6611 (Horae). 02217 
3831 toman. 


1983 2B0*LMAJI£ spates. 
bnn andd B dzrk brawn metaUc 
hodymk. Mhr loaded tkraogb- 
DUL Sxati sport wteeK and 
trot. BecbIc wntow/sisi rool 
Sterao asset s . 2 omm. ft/I < 
se nice tasuy. Hart be sbm to 
be vgraatBl 


TrtOJ ^ 4354 or 01 253 1798 i 

(day S-llan). 

280 TE 

Wimbledon Carriage 

Company offer *C reg 
Auto. White. FuD spec 
phis ABS, Cruise. Alloys. 
R/cass, etc. Pristine 
condition. £15.995. 
Teh 01 540 9581 


axomaiic, mint condition. Y 
reg. Janusy 1983. 10000 
miies tram new. wxy with 
hernia interior, eiectnc sun 
roof, sheep skin covers. Bl- 
ue Spot stereo. £9.000. 

Tel: 8482 2248S1 days J 
0482 663525 ms.' i 


1985, *C' registered, 
6,500 miles. 1 owner, 
as new. Offers over 
£ 20.000 

Tefc 0923 21860 

4SO SLC *79 Bine. auto. 30.000 
nh Mr/con. dec windows and 
roof. rM/cM rtero. ortvaia 
nv-outxtandtoo rood £11300. 
SUtogboume *07951 2S16T. 

280 Tt Dec 82 (Y). Met A One 
netr. Every aura. FSH. Just 
fared. 70.000 mb. Immac. I 
£&IOa ono. Tet C0636) 


suaflrt* an contract tin/ 
leasi ng Mh or M toa 
Dato ery urtMn 48 b ra on 
cenan models 
Crated KEnUGMiBUffi 
rarsiAi. HiatmES ltd 


For toss than £9^00. tor 
special leasing arrange' 
marts, please phone 
01-543 3232 



1986. 500 SEL. 

Anthracitfl/Bght grey 
teather uptoistery. ft* 
4/100 chauffeur driven 
mites. New type alloy 
wheete. Every extra. Pris- 
tine condition. £32400. 
Tat (0936) 75242 


300 SL 
APRIL 86. 

1 0wner. Smoked silver, broen 
Mb interior. ASS, atoysaud 
Made dr tamp gaigB. 

Tet 8243 262301 
adei 6pm 

280 SL 

One careful lady 
owner. Spotless 
condition- A reg. 
Petrol Wue. ABS, 
alloys, radio cassette. 

Tel: 0277 362547 

230 TE 

Ami o, Alps 85, C Ret 

I privaic owner. 3X000 




rrtrfcs, dearie wiadowi. 
BlsuptmU stereo, astral 




Tefc 0962-714612 

5Gp S8L New. DeL rate Btue 
w a r* , bloc* leather, fun spec. 
£49.960. P/Ek Welcome. 
A mo sa ic s aceratocaon) Ud. Ol 
727 2707/01 603 3166 Eves. 

SCO SEL October 83. SWvw biae. 
Esd candWWv 38000 man. 
FSH. New MOT. Waramy. AD 
auras Inc VUdapboae. 
£18:600. Tel Ol 969 4628. 

SOO SEC 1985 A Rf» SOvcr 
Star. Btue Vckun- tmeriar. 
54000 miles. BtoupunM New 
York Stereo. Alarm. FuD epees. 
toun ac ui ale candltun. Full ser- 
vice history. 2nd owner. An 
rxceUent tray at £ 22.000 ono. 
Tel: wfcends 01-937-7*70 
weekdays 01-628-3823. 

1900 (8) 1*9- anttoadle. mb. - 

ABS. air ennd- stereo. FSH. 5*0 SEL *A' Be® . saver/ Blue 
Immac- 19.000 miles. C122SO velour, air corattUooed. electlc 
quo . TefcOl 866 sunrem. seats, windows. 1m- 

mannate. Fun Mercedes 

Service History, stmt be hhu 

sum n „. r r . , ^ 39000 miles. £16.760. Tel Ol 

1 ” g - F 1 - 351 99S3 >*vor10 or 0923 

u enac PUTBimay. grey vehaa. 77 4338 n ww l 

CM 01 6(7 4473 


5000 fiaatlre ffahw 

1085 B nag. nduth Mack 
haaar tnrafar. mraateM, 
S3IU100 ono. 

Tel 81-859 6281 

Carphose 8836 231437 

C8K CSn A 8T0S 

1986 Faun 


Rnishsd to bkia with 
grey leather, sunroof. 
13jj00 tnBes, all usual 



Toyota Sopra 


1988 latest model Beige mat 
over brown mat Onto 4,953 
(rites. Cost new E17.T00. Our 
pneu £15585. 

West End Britar Eog UtL. 
358 Blackpool Rs»L 

Tit 8772 717750 


1985. Red with * goM hide. 
PAS. Eagle s heds. 21,00 0 
miies. Lotts maintained, 


Tel: Gainsborough 
(0427) 2569 


Immediate deKveiy, 
choice of colooxs, 
avaHaUe now 

Tel: 0685 74111 
After hrs 0685 73207 

LOTUS ESMHT Turbo. A ng. 
1983. Red- FUD learner Ml 1 
reoMcred owner. Aircoodtnoo- 
Ing and sunroof. fsh. 
unmacrarae. £12.150. Tel 
(0342) 892406 euee/ weeksnds. 

LOTUS TURBO- Emm. y Rag 85. 
45.000 miles. Black wttb RM 
Leather Intmor. Air ccndnau- 
ed. Fun Dwder Sendee Hbfary. 
Good Condman. £10.750. 0532 

bdl spec. 8.000 lUkS. £44.000. 
0403 71 1266 oH. 030670 248. 

mnrrr Area. red. ivory bide to- 
tariar. 42000 enSee. ton AMO 
body stytms. stunning car. 
£24.780. T5*l 997 1BT73. 

IM C. ODeeember B4L 6 we nan. 
met diver, 1 0-000 mte elect 
wtad. ESR. allays, radio / sto- 
re®. FSH. curaa Tefc 021 
4540023 day 021 4293188 
nn & w/oute 


E - V reg. 83 model. Met- 


TaL «»0S 413074. 

JMUAB %» ted 198& dnk gray 

















Btee Crete 


De Baers 

Dec Wfor Jaa Dbc tutor Job 

67 79 — 1 3 — 

1* 4 7 

8 U 17 
21 25 29 
3* B -a 

— 17 22 
18 - - 
2 6 12 

6 IB 30 

35 46 60 

7 17 25 

31 « 47 

73 - - 

6 23 - 

17 45 « 

40 70 80 

80 100 115 

3 7 — 

18 SO * 

40 44 46 

S 10 14 
16 21 25 
33 38 40 
51 51 " 

a 43 56 

58 70 82 

110 110 117 
160 155 — 
* 1* — 
1* 5 654 

9 13* IS 
26 as SO 

22 34 42 

fl 21 29 

g 11 17 

20 34 40 
- 20 29 
5* — — 
90 100 115 
45 » 80 
20 37 SS 

47 68 as 
22 40 55 
8 — — 
105 125 — 

75 100 115 
45 75 SO 

20 50 70 

28 42 -- 

13 20 38 

2 12 84 

T9 32 41 

8 21 27 

3 10 18 

1 5 — 

30 72 104 

9 48 77 

3 32 57 

2 19 - 

SB* 40 — 
18 29* 30 
6 13 IB* 
1* .6 9* 

Vart Rents 


160 20 29 38 ID 14 IB 

180 10 17 24 18 28 28 

200 5 11 — 38 38 — 

600 100 117 — 12 2S — 

SO 60 80 65 27 40 60 

700 37 50 67 SO 57 65 

" 7015* T9 20 5 6 7* 

80 7* 12 13* 9* 11 12 

90 3* 8 9* 14* 17 18* 

200 48 50 — 2 7 — 

220 28 33 36 9 13 16 

240 15 21 29 18 24 2B 

260 7* 11 — 33 37 - 

maintained. 72.000 motorway 
udtea. offers war £394X30. ox- 
too delivery or new ear. Tefc 
0222 706156 Anytime. 

aorrurr ra - ■«> mi. Brew- 

■Mr Green. Qrren rtkie. 
mUcMo0 ewrdOL tranacidrta 
cpnd U tou. law TtifTroBr FSH. 
£21.960. Tefc 01456 6196. 

am SHADOW 1076. Walnut 
Brown wBh m a gnnH a toaawr 
k uerlor. Z7D OO atte FSH . a 

trwtL UL9K Tel: 0868 54064 

XI* 1985. 7JX3D 8tDes. FSH, re- 

f* uwA fa^^ Asjww^i uLns sfobt m. oewn 
owner. I* raoans warraiirv- ue/itrk m~ m«. mhm. 
C18J00. Trt (0860) 354747. Q?' «T (TOihC t**5S££ 

j Ad UA H XJ6 3^ Auto , avtoe. 30000 mflra. FSH. C29J9e* 
esr. rata beige miirarir TefcOl 449 0060. 
rsetjtm . Tefc 01 948 4280. 

MEW IMBM Stow t» to — — — — — — 

tnbatar H.Vn SHADOW 1971 TWO 
0978 300909. rniTr imiiM,, . 1 ■ 

m XJS. ±6 aeuerata. Drttv. 

S5»^? < 75-MgSK4T5g e «ct iSw. Zmra 

C 2a - S Q0 ' Td S5474T. eothautL £7Jt50 ^)1-9S9-1«62 

WO SEL 1986. C Reg. dtomooo 
blue. wUh dark blue velour, bo- 
mannaie. AO usual extras. 
FSH- 19000 miles. C26 jOOO 
TfafcOC27 457271 roCHCe) 

0622 831604 (bORM) 

e. grey tole- 
nor. auto. r-seaL »/w. p/s. 
crane. ABS. latoM alloys, new 
ares, stereo. 24-000 ra. FSH. 
car phone, showroom rood. 

£20600 T«1 886 0268 


ery mflsaoe. meOIUc Hoe. 
£3ft Sflft Tel (066(8 354747. 

SOOSL COnverOHe 1983 chant- 
paone. FSH. MOT and tax. 
apart wheete phone. dwiUed 
— h e r. unraneubde Utroura*- 
OOl £Z3-5»Saoo Tel: 0582B3 

230 TE 1981. 60.000 mBeB. One 

Tr 11** 1391 

■MIS* 03/07 


Mw Fab 

* 1* 
'« * 

■fay Mae Pteb May 

296 X 1>t* IX 
1*» 1 T ts 2X 2X 

* S 7 * 4* 

2X 2* 3* 4*u 
"•4* 5 5* 

I** 6* m 7% 

1'tf 8* 8»s 8* 

* 10X 10X 10K 

* 12X 12X 12X 

Nov Dec Jaa Fob 





































































Msfi5S8L itodartytng stewfty price. 


SAAB TURBO 3 doer. 1984 033. 
su nroof, ww-oar. radk tften- 
uwnaniHU. l CHelUl SoUOtor 
owner. £3.930. Tel. Ol 235 

bom oo or oi an 1546 rvo. 

9B0 TURBO. 8uocrb cond. as a 
Rep. MtoA/braee. tatty owner. 
£8.950 ono. Td 0242 310002 

SAAB 1887 models, save is to 
£i .9oa «amH ra rtoftas. CM 
broom ttmrOB7B 360909 

SILVER SHADOW ten 79. wM- 
ran wttb nauiuUa interior, 
64.000 mars. FSH. i lady own- 
er. £14,995. TW 08(44 355! 

StoVEB SHADOW ft. *7R Goto, 
brawn leather. £12300. 0932 
220920 or 0800 31 5744. T 

BDfTLET 8 Nov 55 L Ueortote) 
silver, red (fade ooneaaHy. 
white bond bng. i owner. 
30000 Brie*. £41.980. Star 
Garages 04446 6454 / ura 
tHK saver Sow. new 
ibt sovrrtrai. SMFdrhrc or 
chauffeur. Other vehldea avaH- 
Me. 01-340 9280/7902 T 
SH.VER SHADOW 8 T rag. Wu- 
uid. brtpe hil 1 owner. Under 
400X30 mfles. EcceUeui ear. 
£16JSa Tel 01 435 9014. 
1970 hobs Revet 2 doer 
Muunar. service rasury. or- 
fen invsed. 01-200 7826. T 
SHADOW KS res. 2 tent 8&000 
rate New mot. BeradtruL 
SU-TSO. T«D832J 649047. 

til Don. AutoraaOc Decoic 
w in dows and aerial. Sun roof. 
Central lO dUhQ. C7J30O ONO. 
Tel: 0892 722769. 

Bte 8SS RerirtraOon on 1970 
Mercedes 260 MbtuoI. 28.000 
miles. 2 owners, blue immacu- 
late £2.975. (Trade) 
Berttuimted 04427 2070 

300 Bk Uin egtetc i rd. DePvery 
mdraor- Air Contt. Stores. Anu- 
ttwn alarm- ABoyt. Manual 
traranumoa- £19.900. 0276 
64364 (HL 01 571 3138 IOV. 

iPtCBBES 980 K V Ms. C82L 
A/C. E/S. aoevs. ABF. ESR 
CC. HLWW. £13600 Trt. 
0535 23480 (H) or 05S2 
363921 (Since). 

220 SC B mi. auto, diver bine, 
eiectnc amrpoL Monftesl ste> 
reo. 44.000 miles, service 
history. £15.260. 0275203536 
office. 0273 776147 home. 

260 T Estate. 84 (A). Blue. auto, 
eeotrrt tockma sma/eaas. 
36.000 rol»«s _ ane owner. 
£7.900 Trt: 01-657-2149 
220 E 1981 AldB.cnraB. 2 gwn. 
era. toocrtUUL fun tmtery. 
f* ma r-t <tt ana 31 17 . 

lour uphofateiy. AB extras. Low 
mllroge. FSH. £9.996. Trt 01 
DB007B2.r0) 0992 464652 (HL 

230E. W reg. 1901. 48000 mte 
fanraac cood. idver/navy fax. 
C&20O- Trt 01-289 0493 

20a BE- Red. Auto. Elec roof. 
R/can. 1 owner. 13.000 miles. 
As new £9.250. Ol 51 1 7360. 

S00SEL83Y. molt extra's. Hue. 
leather, bnmaculaie. £13.996. 
0623 26667 O. 0623 23951. 

SOOSL 1982. Ivory, low mileage. 

FSH. £19.960 ono Trt: 07372 
43642 Sun. Ol 606 6421 Off. 

288SE- 1984. Qrauneor driven. 

1 owner. Service htotory Elec- 
trie sunroof * wmoowi scaeo. 

Centre am real. Unmarked An- 
itiraefte mecaUic. Any 
InsDeenuu. Bargain £12.995. 

P/Ex. 0742 891091. Deliver 
anywhere u U K- (T) 

428 SBC D reg. met Hue. aflegs. 
leather. abS. dec sunroof raid 

t^oT eSTTOddayTm^ Si < 5g a "SS«“ 427 3236 ^ 
H a»°sc” , 'l9a8. 12.000 man. F S5£S e 23SP 


464 6806 

5003EC, Brag. Low TnHage. pen LOTUS CARS. For toe best tin. 
tatol Ira port, as n ew, 1 owner. Uonwide cash buyers. Phone 

AMmir n Li - ^ yu— N orfolk 0603 407766. 
A H9 4 1 1 Derbyshire. Hone Ol- MOwi rnn raa ra b * - - 

i™ 0031 

^ ngrcedn spec £5-000 oho, 0266 54347. 

year. FuB service rceenuy. hul 

WT950 tor Quick rale. 01 464 £??so!™: < w2?irSw7S! laL 

TIIIIT n ■ ’rtfWSnrfln. <PC. ZOO OTl a CTI 41 

ramrttoto J^rae dfacounL BaMd delivery. 
FSL elec sbww. eiec wm- Pnoenh toss 126) esn. 
ttowte new ores, immaculate 

CWADA 4X4 Manual rave 




Mercedes Benz main 1 

Underwriters for late and 
tow mileage Mercedes. 
ON 0708 23511 
0245 442172 


1IHTI HU <r R1 IXptl LOWWli 
WJ Ml Frj 1H Ft H */' VU4CU5 

Mvsfa Bttkn EsI 
Tefc dB32]_7T311 tflra 
10305203 CM rt bra 

FSH. PAS. BtoupunlO. STjOQQ 
ra. £9.990. PX 6 warranty 
avail. 04863 «nw) 4366. T 
2ME CW |24| Mgr 06. Auto. 
ESR. anOH-adle/cream doth 
w. 10. 500 mile*. £16-350 Trt 
□672 S10912. 

9*4 LUX Auto. 84 (A), 24,000 

£9.W0. S tef ag law m. 0608 
62961 lO) 0789 67269 (hL 

£££"*. Ob the read from 
£13.500. a saving of £3.720. 
Mb of Croydon 01 686 8888. 
m HI 78. Immac Tahm Hue. 
Fug ram row. 64.000 mica. 
FSH. £2.795 ono. Ol ZSl 
2339*01 0734 343874(H). 
■B Sherwood green ov er beige 
mrtaHK. 13.000 miles mny. i 
tody owner. fra maculate. 
£8^50 05t 3*6 8228. T 

WWWTR7 Sl»5w«L 
ffiSiraST Mue/cbeinierad Interior. 

LhI contL Long MOT. Tuned 
.ZS-T!? 3aB ? I? 32 windows. Cl J29S.D7BB 48611. 

WWfe k— till m- CtTROOb AH Models AS Huge 

Dtscounl. Rapid Densely. Pboa- 
* IS g°P- ™ ° 1 - 455 ntx. ,025 126) 407^ 

IAHGM 2j0. HPC. T reg. faunae. 

PAnrm kaliista kiaim. 
1984. wood u bi mt tecta and 
door 0*11*91 2.900 g en uine 1 
miles on cloefc. Segerh coom- 
don. C8XCO ono TefcOl 878 
8563 (anytime) 

BSMW.T 3 CT Turbo. May 
1966. ConflEd Blue. &QOO 
mDem. Sub roof. FSH. CDrapeny 
car forces sale. £&69fl. ram 
878 9361 alter 7pm tt w/E. 

LOTUS Spertrt Rtvfera. Metafile 
silver. Pristine rambUon . Many 
ultras. CTJSOO Trt 040372 
2182 am/pm for ftetatts 

MSSAH 300ZX September 84. 
wtth pfia mcin low number 
ra grar n on. white, offers near 
£9.750. Trt: 0923 673494. 

K8EOT 205 an 1966 (C3. 
white. tOJOOO n tne a. i a x /war- 
ranty onrai April. £6490. Tel: 
Atoerton (024262) 609 . 

maculate coodMon. £l&500. 
Tel Ol S78 4764. 4pnx9pm. 

BENAULT 2S V6I. low mUew. 
tor conditioning and leather. 
met a ll ic green, lurt serviced. 
£8493 GOO. Tel: 0222 7017S8 

HSTMHHkCreg. DKrttert cuo> 
■HOon. 2 yr. warranty. £7.760 
OVUO. Tefc 031«365to819 

ESCORT RA Turbo 1986. IAjOOO 
ndles. every extra, as new. 
£8260. 0480 21G243.T 


RUnA Tdbot Hartal SS 
/OKU. automatic. 1980 
iVn. Metafile blur. 3B.OOO miles. 
Good randlilon. C2.300. 

Tot: 01-388 S7S9 (day Bum) ar 
Q1-3S6 3444 (nu tap). 

F'cni on TrhBBHi Toiodo 
tdiZZ 1 yr» MOT. ZSOOO 
om. ira mediate Transfer. 
TefcOB3S T90330/ 791877 »US 

ED H 14 oSa ,S7i 

Tafc 0*88 KMS4 

T TH 1 A«*8abte tor 
Lil) 1. eranster. Offers 

a iSS^fii2toS 0 wgra talcml 

9999 MF 

dated Aprt 1983. £4.000 tae ta 
""°* ,a<:ar Tat 0433 3Paa»^ 

(21 rf - £875. Bn. 4 lid - £395. 
3&S EBO - £576 JAK SEEN - 
rtoin JEF 6 • £4750 964 JON • 
£1996. NU 968 - CASS BEJ 84 - 
£996 SOO 822 - CSSOjSPV 999 
. Often Araund £25 00. Ma ny 
More Available 0533 27777. 
A*i | £4.000. BUOMI Bte 
SJA1 namler 

C oarinrad ca P«ye 37 

Z6t Stun? « ^35m> 






Designing the 
home with 
you in mind 




Britain needs to buOd 
200,000 new homes a 
year until the end of 
the century to meet 
demand. The National 

celebrating its 
anniversary, is potting 
the emphasis on 
contraction quality 

H ousing is a matter 
of great interest 
for most people. 
They either have 
a home or want 
one. But increasingly in the 
past year or two bousing is 
becoming big news as well. 

The Thatcher Government 
set out to increase home 
ownership, and has done so, 
largely through its righi-to-buy 
legislation enabling council 
tenants to cross the divide to 

Since 1979, home owner- 
ship has increased by about 
two million households, half 
of which is attributable to 
council house sales, and now 
stands at 62 per cent, with 64 
per cent in England. 

That has given bousing a 
high profile, but there is 
nothing like the involvement 
of the Royal Family to boost it 
still further. The Duke of 
Edinburgh headed an inquiry 
into British housing last year 
and its controversial conclu- 
sions included the need for a 
new financial structure 
involving the phasing out of 
mortgage tax relief 
Such a suggestion was 
swiftly dismissed by Mrs 
Thatcher, but the seed was 
sown, and Prince Philip, writ- 
ing recently in The Times, 
expressed die belief that his 
committee's proposals were 
gradually gaining acceptance. 

Then, of course, Prince 
Charles stepped into the arena 
at the National House-Build- 
ing Council's conference in 
London last month. 

Eschewing pleasantries in a 
prepared text which had him 

saying, “I have to declare an 
interest In fact several I live 
in a house. In fact several”, he 
launched into an attack on 
house-builders for concentrat- 
ing on greenfield sites rather 
than building in the inner 
cities. . . , J 

It was an accusation that led 
Lord Narthfield, head of Con- 
sortium Developments, which 

is trying to build several pew 
towns, to claim that the Prince 
had been hijacked by the 
Loony Green Brigade- 
Prince Charters comments 
were immediately refined by 
the House-Builders Federa- 
tion, but they remain on the 

The latest figures for house- 
building give a more optimis- 

tThe industry has 
the highest rate 
of starts for 
past 12 years 9 

tic view. In the first nine 
months of this year there were 
149,300 private housing starts 
in Britain, 15 per cent up on 
the third quarter of last year 
and 14 per cent up on foe first 
nine months of 1983. It shows 
that the NHBCs 1986 forecast 
of 150,000 starts will be for 

Basil Bean, NHBC director- 
general, said the situation for 
the house-building industry 
was very healthy, with the 
highest rate of starts for the 
past 12 years. But be added: 
**How long this situation will 
continue will depend on the 
availability of land for private 
housing and whether or not 
interest rates remain at the 
present level." 

One of the most dramatic 
increases in starts is in Greater 
London, where the figure for 
the third quarter is up S3 per 
cent on the corresponding 
period last year. This goes to 
emphasize the regional dif- 
ferences, because in 

Merseyside and the West Mid- 
lands the figures are down by 
28 per cent and 33 per cent 

The NHBC statistics show 

that completions for the third 

quarter in England and Wales 
were 50,400, 15 per cent 
higher than for the third 
quarter last year, and 1986 
completions so for at 131. 900, 
are 10 per cent up on foe first 
nine months of 1985. 

Home ownership continues 
its upward climb, but there are 
signs that it is reaching foe 
top. John Patten, the Housing 
Minis ter, believes it can reach 
70 percent, Mrs Thatcher has 
set her sights on 80 per cent 
and surveys by the Building 
Societies Association and oth- 
ers indicate that more than 80 
per cent want to own their 
own homes. 

It is estimated that Britain 
needs about 200,000 new 
houses built every year to the 
end of the century to provide 
for new households and to 
replace old stock, and with foe 
decline of tire public sector, 
the private sector must pro- 
vide most. 

It has not yet achieved foe 
necessary target, although this 
year it may be close. Looking 
ahead, Mr Bean believes that 
design and construction of 
houses will change. 

As it celebrates its 50th 
anniversary, the NHBC sees 
its second half-century widen- 
ing foe need for its services 
into areas now bring opened 
up, such as building control, 
foe repair of prefabricated 
reinforced concrete (PRC) 
homes and in achieving new 
standards of quality control 
which the Government is 
looking to introduce through- 
out British industry. 

House-builders have long 
been lobbying the Govern- 
ment in an effort to persuade 
it that more land should be 
released. But there is little 
hope that this will happen 
soon, particularly in the 
Conservative shires with a 


I ’ "Sit '? • 

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1 ft 

A forest of “for sale” 

general election almost within 

Despite what Prince Charles 
said, they are building in the 
inner cities as much as pos- 
sible. As they point out: “If 
there is land available to build 
on and we can build houses 
that people want and can 
afford, we will do so. 

To attract people, both in 
the cities and outride, more 
attention than ever is being 
paid to design, to make sure 
that every section of the 
market gets what it wants. 

First-time buyers, retired 
people, single people -there is 
an increasing market here 
both for young singles and 
divorcees — all have their 
different requirements, and 
architects and designers have 


to combine with the builders 
to ensure that foe product is 

The other main develop- 
ment in attempting to bring 
more people into home 
ownership is in private-sector 
financing of joint schemes, 
with the building societies in 
foe forefront as their powers 
are set to expand from Janu- 
ary 1. 

They can help, particularly 
in the inner dries, and they are 
already involved in one initia- 
tive which has achieved 
reasonable success: shared 

This scheme, in which foe 
buyer has part of his or her 
bouse on mortgage and pays 
rent tor the remainder, en- 
ables him to take the first step 

on the ladder, after which he 
can continue the climb, 
transferring more of the 
rented part to a mortgage 
until, it is hoped, he owns it 

The equation stiD has to 
balance for both the buyer and 
for the building society, and 
foe question of who — govern- 
ment, directly or indirectly, or 
buiidingspi ' ' 
bill for the 
part has not yet been resolved. 

It is an area which shows 
that the builder cannot alone 
solve Britain's housing prob- 
lems. The Government and 
the financial institutions must 

Christopher Wannan 

Property Correspondent 



' A, 




fpllk iff 

Kafif A? 


Many more 
homes are 
being built for 
the affluent ^ 

Prices are 
high, but so 
are standards 

I t k estimated that one in 
10 of ail private housing 
starts is now designed, 
built and sold exclusively 
to retired people, 
representing an amazing 
growth in a sector identified 
only during the past few yeans 
and which up to three years 
ago had seen only about 2 500 
purpose-built units 

The estimate comes from 
research by Dr Malcolm Parry 
and Dr Stephen Baker from 
the University of Surrey, who 
in 1983 suggested that the 
market for retirement homes 
was between 250,000 and 
400,000 and that 20,000 units 
must be built each year to 
satisfy the demand. 

That target has not yet been 
reached, but the demand is 
certainly there, and the latest 
indications are that builders 
are trying their best to satisfy 

There is, after all, a large 
proportion of Britain's wealth 
locked up by the over-55s who 
in many cases are living in 
houses too big for their needs 
now that they are “empty 
nesters” — their children hav- 
ing left home. 

As with any new market, 
errors were made, some sim- 
ple such as in design, where 
insufficient thought was given 
to the needs of older people. 

Increasing awareness and 
expertise, and the involve- 1 
meat of building organize- 1 
lions which have laid down 1 
guide-lines, have eliminated 1 
many of these faults, but now 1 
the market is growing it is 1 
having to tackle new 5 
challenges. __ 1 

The early retirement houses 
and flats were almost entirely < 
for the active retired, from the j 
age of 55 and, while need for t 
these continues, there is a 
increasingly a requirement for v 
more sheltered accommoda- s 
tion for the older and less l 
active. o 

A joint working party of the o 
House-Builders Federation p 
and the National Housing and iz 

® l Jf§ I 


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/ . * : , V; • A :* V* • +. 

Aut umn da ys by the trout lake; retired folk at Beechcroft's scheme at Bearwater, Htmgerford 

The ‘empty-nesters ’ 

Town Hanning Council mon- 
itoring the market says 
purchasers do not wish to buy 
a standard product Their 
requirements range from basic 
design modifications and an 
alarm system discreetly de- 
signed into a bungalow or flat, 
to high level care including a 
warden, communal facilities, 
and comprehensive services. 

It believes the key element 
in the success of housing for 
the elderly is a close integra- 
tion of plans for the manage- 
ment of a development and its 
design, and believes that in 
most cases housebuilders 
should leave the management 
to existing management firms. 

A new edition of A Buyer's 
Guide To Sheltered Housing, 
published by Age Concern and 
the NHTPC last week sets out 
advice for purchasers. While 
welcoming the expansion of 
sheltered housing, David 
Hobman, director of Age Con- 
cern England, expressed con- 
cern about reports of various 
problems such as excessive 
increases in service charges, 

dissatisfaction with the war- 
den. and resale restrictions. 

Prices are indeed high, 
partly because of the need to 
site retirement homes in good 
locations — on level ground, 
near shops and other ame- 
nities — which has put a 
premium on suitable land. 

The leading developer in 
the field, McCarthy and Stone, 
has recognized the need to 
cater for people as they grow 
older and now provides not 
only traditional sheltered 
homes, but also intermediate 
care, which includes a range of 
extra services indudjng deaD- 
ing and the provision of meals 
in addition to the warden 

McCarthy and Stone has set 
up a new division, Homelife 
Care, with the intention of 
developing six nursing care 
schemes a year, and the 
Lifecare Group provides a 
progression of developments 
to help owners as they grow 

Anglia Secure Homes, 
based mainly in Essex and 
East Anglia, has plans for 

intermediate care develop- 
ments. having started as a 
builder of normal retirement 
homes, to allow customers to 
move on within the same 

Anoiher example is 
Markfield Court, Markfield 
Village, Leicestershire, being 
built by Pinewood Homes, 
which is claimed to be the first 
development of its kind in 
Britain — a complete retire- 
ment village, set away from 
town or city' life in the 
countryside eight miles from 

Designed for the over 55s, it 
has one- and two-bedroom 
bungalows and flats, carefully 
designed and with a 24-hour 
alarm system, and also a 
nursing and residential home 
with full medical facilities. 

The development will also 
include shopping facilities and 
a leisure club, and prices for 
the homes range from £26,000 
to £40,000 through Spencers 
New Homes of Leicester. 

Demand for retirement 
homes is strong at all levels of 
the market. Beechcroft's 

delightful scheme at 
Bearwater. Hungerford. re- 
cently completed, is set in five 
acres with a trout lake and a 
few minutes walk from the 
town centre. 

Of 35 cottages and flats, 
prices from £65.000 to 
£90,000. only three flats at 
around £70.000 remain for 
sale through Knight Frank 
and Rutley's Hungerford of- 

One of the leading firms at 
the top end of the market. The 
English Courtyard Associ- 
ation. has completed seven 
developments, and another 
two are being built. They 
include The Vinery at Tor- 
quay. Devon, the company’s 
first apartment block. 

So far, its schemes have 
been designed as traditional 
courtyards on the lines of 
Oxford quadrangles. But The 
Vinery, near the harbour, will 
have 30 apartments, mostly 
with two bedrooms, costing 
£70,000 to £90,000, and three- 
bedroom and penthouse 

Builders* mistakes account for 
some of the biggest negligence 
claims going through the 
courts now. Bor despite an 
’ abundance of horror tales 
about cowboy builders, buyers 

of new houses now have 

considerable legal protection 
against errors or shoddy work. 

The National Housebuild- 
ing Council, this year celebrat- 
ing 50 years of service to the 
British home-baver, acts as a 
■ consumer watchdog in the 

private house-building in- 

It is an independent non- 
profit-making body approved 
under statute, whose council 
members are Dominated by the 
building societies ; betiding 
employers' associations, con- 
sumer groups and the 

It sets minimum standards 
of construction, inspecting 
homes as they are buOt and by- 
offering a 10-year warranty to 
protect buyers against loss. 

This is done by means of a 
levy on the builder. 

The number of builders on 
the NHBC national register 
has steadily increased and now 
jnst under 25,000, or 99 per 
cent, are members. 

Since the 10-year warranty 
scheme was launched in 1965, 
compensation of more than 
£100 million has been paid to 
more than 30.000 horae-hav- 

Claims last year totalled 
£10 million, which is higher 
than the council would like; 
but most of the payments 
related to homes built in the 
1970s and standards have 
since been raised. The biggest 
number (a total £L5 million} 
relate to subsidence and heave 
of foundations; but the council 
points ont that these date back 
10 years. Builders who want to 
build on sites where ground 
might be unstable most have 1 
an engineer design founda- 
tions specifically for that site. • 
The second biggest category < 
of claims concerned flat rood « 
(£2.4 million); then super- : 
structure, including brickwork 
and render failure and I 
snfphate attack (excluding « 
roofs and floors.) 1 

Under the warranty, build- - 
ers are directly responsible for i 
defects which mine to tight in i 
the first two years, with the t 

exception of central-beating 
boilers and electrical installa- 
tions with moving parts, which 
are covered only for a year .The 

house-buyer h as to deal with 
the builder direct If he fails to 
act, ' the council will offer 
conciliation and arbitration, 
backing the buyer in getting 
the defect remedied. Builders 
who fail to take action face 
being struck off the register. 
Last year 39 firms faced that 
penalty, almost half for fading 
to remedy defects, another 
q oarter for failing to honour 

For defects coming to light 
between three and 10 years 
after the house is built. the 
conncil itself takes liability for 
all major damage caused by 
failure to comply with mini- 
mum building requirements; in 
the structure or caused by 
subsidence or heave, up to a 
limit of £114,000. 

Home-buyers are also pro- 
vided with a Home Owners 
Handbook and Information 
Card which gives details of the 
construction of their particular 
house, such as the location of 
stop cocks and main fuses. 

Until recently the protection 
was confined to buyers of new 

The builder or 
developer is liable 
for the first year 

properties. The NHBC has 
now- launched a six-year war- 
ranty to cover buyers of newly 
coaverted flats and houses. 
But it is optional for builders 
to belong to this scheme and 
only a small proportion do. 

Buyers would do well to 
make sure the flat they want to 
bay is covered; or those con- 
verting properties, that their 
builder is on the special 
NHBC conversion register. 
Again, the builder or develop- 
er is liable for the first year, 
and after that the conncil np to 
a limit of £50,000. 

The council, which exists to 
promote better housing stan- 
dards as well as to safeguard 
home-buyers, last year took on 
another important role: it is 
now a government-approved 
inspector, providing bsilding- 
contro! services alongside 

; those provided by local 

■ authorities. 

It The council has taken the 
t task on because a high propor- 
1 tion of the worst defects in 
> houses in the last 20 years 
r have been caused by dear 
1 breaches of building regala - 
f tions: which were averaging 
* six in every dwelling. 

Most of the largest builders 

■ have indicated they will use 
\ the NHBCs Building Control 
; Services, the company set up 

to take on the inspection. 

It will inspect site layout 
plans, meet builders on site to 
discuss any problems and help 
them comply with bonding 

For buyers of homes where 
builders have used the 
council's own inspection ser- 
vices, there is a wider insur- 
ance cover so that — for 
example — breaches of the 
drains and fire regulations are 
insured for the first time. 

Faults are still being found 
with new-house construction; 
but many of the most frequent 
ones have been eradicated. 

Foundations may still be a 
problem, but the council found 
that many claims arose from 
the removal or planting of 
trees on shrinkable clay soils. 

It therefore researched the 
moisture demand of trees and 
has now issued new gui dan ce 
to builders on foundations 
depths for clay sites where 
there are or have been trees. 

Similarly with roof insula- 
tion. Many people suffered 
frozen water tank*; and pipes 
in roof spaces last winter. Roof 
spaces in new homes are now 
well-insulated and if placed 
under the pipework and water 
tank, these are no longer 
wanned by the heat of the 

The NHBC then brought in 
a new standard ensuring insu- 
lation went over the top of 
pipes and tanks to avoid frost 

in time the council may be 
able to expand its warranty 
protection beyond flat conver- 
sions to all building work done 
on existing homes. 

Frances Gibb 

Legal Affairs 

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Who says you cant please all of the people all of the time? 

Were well 4 *\vare ihai economy is just as 
iiTiporuPi to ‘-on as it is to your customers. 

lust .is ihcv want to know the heating and 
water heating system in the home they’re buying 
will be economical to run. you want to know it U be 
economical to install. 

But at the same time, you both demand quality 
That's wbv the all-electric Medallion Award 
specification is so popular. 

It means your customers save on running 
costs because the whole system is designed to run 
on Economy 7 night time electricity which is less 
than half price electricity compared with the 
standard domestic rate. 

And it means you save on capital cosrs 
because an all-electnc system doesn’t require pipes 
or flues, so installation is both quicker and easier. 

Vet neither saving is at the expense of quality 

That's why top bulkier* like Barra tt. Lam*, 
Wimpey and McCarthy « Stone all build Medallion 
Award homes. And ihai's why their customers 
buy them. 

To get the (till facts about the Medallion Award 
Scheme, simply speak to your local Electricity Board 
contact below. 

And you'll lind out just what it is that makes 
everyone so happy. 



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W hile the war of 
words between 
the Govern- 
ment greening 
its policies, and 
the house-building industry, 
searching for greenfield 
development sites rages on. a 
much more significant aspect 
of the housing market surges 
ahead virtually unnoticed and 
unremarked. ’ 

Self-builders built more 
homes in 1985 than either 
Barratt or Wimpey, tradition- 
ally the country’s lop firms. 

'hie burgeoning movement 
shows no signs of letting up. 
and while private sector 
house-builders are increasing 
their number of completions 
this vear. seJf-builaers seem 
likely to hold onto third place 
in the league. 

Building societies now treat 
self-build as a genuine and 
respectable pan of the market, 

largely replacing the Housing 
Corporation as a source of 

Corporation as a source of 
finance. Their role is likely to 
expand considerably as a re- 
sult of the Building Societies 
Act 1966, which comes into 
effect on January L 

Woolwich Housing 
Development Department, 
for example, set up three 
years’ ago. spent around £26 
million last year on more than 
80 new projects ranging from 
shared-ownership, interest- 
only improvement loans for 
the purchase of sheltered 
accommodation, improve- 
ment for sale, low-cost hous- 
ing and se!f-buikL 

Woolwich has four self- 
build projects on the go and 
the Halifax is funding IS to. 
the tune of about £18 million. 
.As public sector investment in 
new bousing continues to be 
squeezed by the Treasury, the 
building societies provide the 
natural alternative source of 

More than SO per cent of 
gross domestic savings are 
deposited with them, and their 
assets increased five-fold be- 
tween 1974 and 1984 to 
£103,000 million. Many of 
their depositors now wish to 
build their own homes. 

Several other financial in- 

stitutions are involved at a 
smaller scale; the Zenzele self- 
build housing project in Bris- 
tol. visited by the Prince 
earlier this year, received 
backing from the National 
Westminster Bank and the 
Bristol and West Building 
Society, in addition to the 
Housing Corporation and 
Department of Health and 
Social Security. 

Similarly, the Colquhoun 
Street. Stirling, scheme, was 
funded with mortgages from 
the Abbey National and Scot- 
tish Building Societies. 

But why do people opt for 
self-build when they have 
□ever been offered more 
choice by the construction 
industry? The main reason is 
cost-savings of at least a third, 
sometimes as much as 30 per 

Today it has never been 
easier to get started, either as 
an individual or as part of a 
group. Land and finance are 
readily available, many archi- 
tects and building surveyors 
have gained experience in 
designing and supervising this 
type of project and pro- 
fessional management consul- 
tants put the whole package 

Insurance may be obtained, 
whether or not a scheme is 
accepted by the National 
House Building Council for its 
10-year warranty. 

Colin Wadsworth, of self- 
build housing management 
consultants Wadsworth & 
Palmer. Bristol, says: “We act 
as a catalyst bringing people 
together, often by placing an 
advertisement in a local news- 
paper, and seeing through the 
scheme from start to finish”. 
His fee is a percentage of the 
value of the properties built 
typically six to seven per cent 

At any one time there are 
between ISO and 200 schemes 
underway throughout the 
country. The price of land 
varies between about £30,000 
per acre in the North, to 
£200,000 in the South-West 
and as much as £400,00 0 in 
the South-East 

The advantage of using a 
consultancy are many, they 


As for the type- of people 
who aspire to self-build, they 
are likely to be bank clerics, 
bus drivers or in the building 
industry themselves. “Morale 
is very important” says Mr 
Wadsworth. “There is no 
benefit in any member of the 
group packing in before they 
are finished”. 

Many groups have clauses 
in their agreements which can 
lead to the expulsion of any- 
one not pulling his — or her — 
weight. Dedication and 
perseverance are two key qual- 
ities which any self-builder 



at work 

Access for the disabled 

The main job satisfaction for 
Bill Knight, left, an area 
manager with the National 
from “muring that a 

AH of us are disabled at some a new market tinstypeof f£l 

time in our .lives, tough pro^ltotttosjj^a rSw 

wood like to five in 
yourself’. We were on oot way 
to visit a Nock of retirement 
homes in Kent The builder was 
registered with the NHBC, 
which meant the buyer would 
have a Id-year warranty. 



inspectors occasionally and 
rants sites on fats own to 
check documentation. On 
reaching foe fiats be called 
at the site office to inspect the 
site record book, which 
records an inspector’s visits and 
comments. If something is 
wrong, a defect sheet is filled in. 

I The site agent has 14 days 

in which to pot the matter right 
— orMrKssi#tsendsdbe 

file to the regkmal director, who 
win ask for a meeting With 
the bsOdet^s ma®Bgi®g director. 

unsatisfactory^ the Gnu's name - 

can be deleted from the 

register. If the braider walks off 
the site and an aseement 


has been exchanged to boy the 
house, the NHBC can have 

it completed and take the 
builder to court to recover 
the costNo defects were fonad 
on tins particular site. 

An inspector has a varied 
workload and no two days are 
ever quite the s&bklNHBC 
requirements are even more 

stringent than the Indldhig 
jegu&lfcw, thus ensuring a 
high standard of 

Joan Llewelyn Owens 

temporary injury such as a special effort in tnc new sn 
sprained ankle or broken arm, a private dnm^nthesifoJ 
tough illness and even sutih hosted by the Prince of Wales 
everyday chores as wheeling a at Kensington Palace. • 
pram through a narrow door Costs have been gjvenm tne 
orne«>uating stepsorasteep checklist for additional pro- 

vision, such as a ground-floor 
Age takes its toll for many ■< - ^ 

more people than are ever IMS A I^ISlf 
confined to wheelchairs or the | ila/Al^lnV 

US The“d^^i” label is eas- IM A 
ily applied to individuals who I w 

Z^°ifi S O SSS V to d 10 BY STEPHEN THORPEBArefi 
million Britons can be cate- ' x fl 

gorized in this way. v y t r T 0J 

The NHBC with the Prince I 

of Wales Advisory Group on ( \ ! 

Disability, has produced a J] I 
checklist of how to make \ w 

homes more accessible. \ \ 

five ways to improve access \jr \ — — V-'"' - ' 

for all age groups were / 

identified. Sy&fl f I 

1. Access from the road or Vy / / _! 

garage to the front door of the / / J — \ 

house which can be negotiated (r~S>r^ \ } 

with a child in a pram, a \j 
person in a wheelchair or a \ 
person using crutches or a 

walking frame. ifg / ir^luPwluvr 

2. A safe standing area CT, /) \ VvkmIH 

outside the entrance door big YSNrf'W? 

enough to park a pram, or 

wheelchair, or stand and ' 

manoeuvre crutches and A LAYMANS GUIDE TO 

"rgft^ Tt 'iihirhnmhr THE INTERPRETATION < 


4 . Enough width in entrance- Access Committee for England 
door, entrance hail and cor- 

ridor to manoeuvre. " 

5. Downstairs toilet 
House-builders have only 

recently recognized the needs jf 
of access and indeed identified M J 

to cany out such alter^ons 

with ease, it always helps nine 

lay person imderstanos their 
plans. The Access Committee 
for England last weel pub- 
lished its own DIY guide, 
equipped wifli a scale rule so 
that home-owners and others 
can interpret the foreign lan- 
guage of construction 

Written by Stephen Thorpe, 
an architect, and full of useful 
examples, Reading Plans is a 
natural complement to the 
NHBCs own checklist (£2-50 
from Access Committee for 
England, 33 Great Smith 
Street, London SW1P 3BJ) 


Both guides are a welcome 
contribution to increasing 
unde rstanding of the issues 
affecting the disabled, access 
and mobility. But given the 
marginal increase in tbeoost 
of providing special facilities, 
there is no reason the mea- 
sures should not be incor- 
porated as standard in afi hew 

can negotiate land purchase 
and the bulk purchase of 
mate rials from local suppliers, 
and tend to know where to 
find tradesmen who are essen- 
tial to the success of the 
project - bricklayers, plaster- 
ers and plumbers. 

Mr Wadsworth, an accoun- 
tant got into the business the 
hard way. When he married he 
couldn’t afford to buy a home 
and decided to build one 
himself. This year he expects 
to complete about 700 houses, 
almost double the number of 
last year. 

Obtaining mortgages has 
never been a problem, he 
claims, in the 22 years he has 

Getting mortgages 
never a problem 

been acting as a consultant. 
An architect’s or surveyor’s 
certificate is issued on comple- 
tion of a house to obtain a 
five-year guarantee against 
any defective workmanship 
which is likely to show up 
during that period. 

Another approach to self- 
build, developed by the archi- 
tect Walter Segal, who died 
last year, is currently enjoying 
a revival- During the 19o0s he 
developed a flexible system 
using standardized timber de- 
ments to build a home for his 
family of eight in a burry. Its 
beauty ties in file simplicity of 
construction — anyone can 
build with a modicum of DrY 
nous — and the feet that it can 
easily be extended orahered at 


Mr Segal's former partner, 
Jon Broome, has now pro- 
duced a guide to the system 
with the Architects’ Journal, 
making low-cost housing 
available to many more peo- 
ple. The only aspect of self- 
build now apparently 
restraining it from even fester 
growth in the years ahead is 
that it still remains a possibil- 
ity to the relatively few who 

know anything about how to 
go about it. 

Self-build is likely to be 
given a further boost next 
week, however, at the Build- 
ing Communities conference 
in London. 

Among the speakers is 
Prince Charles, who will be 
launching a new trust to 
encourage and support self- 
help community projects in 
the inner cities. 

Apart from giving access to 
home-ownership to a broad 
cross-section of society pres- 
ently excluded, such as the 
unemployed, single parent 
families, the homeless on 
council waiting lists and the 
low-paid, self build is increas- 
ingly being used as a means of 
teaching new skills and assist- 
ing in job creation. 

The foil potential of self- 
build has yet to be discovered. 


in Quality 

Ideal Homes share the NHBC 
devotion to quality. Builders of 
distinctive homes for discerning 
owners for more than 80 years, 
our experience and dedication 
has this year earned three top 
NHBC “Pride in the Job” Awards 
and five Commendations. 

Ybur Local 
Home Builder 

A Member of the Trafalgar 
House Group 



v# 1 * 

toflet between a kitchen ana 
dfrnn&room (£900)^*^ sec- 
tions and detailed consmic- 
ttrwai drawings illustrate how 
all these can be achieved. 

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Motoring by Gifford Webb 


Shogun smartens up its challenge 

»tu.l 4- - O 


• '■* Vi* 

Fow^whed drive m ^ 
many variants is so mm* a 
port of today’s motoring scene 
that It is almost unbelievable 

• : fc 

: ^ 

s- • . • ;8 

4 *4 

were less than 65,000 such 
vehicles in western Europe 
and with oner notable exccZ 
tion theywere 4 by 4 “utility” 

Hie exception was the up- 
market Range Rover 
launched in 1970. The Solihull 
company insists that 16 years 
later there is still not a genuine 
rivuLTbe remarkable success 
of the Mitsubishi Shogun 
since it readied these shores 
only Vh years ago challenges 
this claim. The Range Rover 
was developed using expertise 
derived fro m2 5 years’ produc- 
tion of the Land-Rover. 
Components . were chosen 
V with a considerable margin of 
safety and progressively 

- ' ’;5i 

B '**-r.n * ■ ,i a 

Mitsubishi appears to have 
taken the opposite route; It 

*** 9P m P°oems and the short wfaeefoMeifi peSoC 

strengthraed mem where neo- thre©-door, costs £1 1399. The 
cssary. The Shogun is there- biggest sellers are the short 
fiwe muen more car-like, with and king wheelbase tmbo 
a slide, easy to operate gear diesels. Starting at £14,099 
change and, unlike the Range -they account for more than 
KovCT can use two or four- 60 per cent of Shogun s pies; , 
wheel drive. - - 


Telephone >030)702389 
Telex B3P7& 



MhanWahi Sbogan: New low roof-Kne 

Vogue. The cheapest Shogun, for this type of vehicle with TV/Irrcte i»v nf 

easily operated controls. Ol 

o iSfS!S 3 SSS!SS^ the magnetic 



But it has its shortcomings. 
The most noticeable is the 
free-wheeling front hubs, 
which have to be locked to 
convert from two to four- 
wheel drive. Locking is done 
with A second gear lever in the 
cockpit Unlocking, however, 
requires the vehicle to be 
halted and then reversed a 
couple of yards. That does not 
make Shogun drivers very 
popular when they have just 
towed a horse trailer out of a 
muddy field and have to bold 
up the traffic while they 

This does not seem to have 
deterred many Shogun buyers. 
Sales have grown from 362 in 
1983 to an estimated 2,500 
this year. Colt Cars, the 
Cirencester-based concession- 
aires, report that to date 1986 
Shogun sales are two-thirds of 
Range Rover’s. 

To reinforce its success it is 
now introducing additional 
five-door models with a new 
low roof line. 

AH the 1987 models have a 
bigger turbo diesel (up from 
2.3 to 2.5 Hires), improved 
seating and a new dashboard 
and cockpit layout The five- 
door models also have 
strengthened rear propeller 
shafts and new front and rear 

Also new is the Shogun 
Warrior, an £18,000 to 
£25,000 challenger for the 
super de luxe Range Rover 

I recently drove a selection 
of the 1987 models on 
demanding mountain roads 
on the island of Mallorca. 
They are impressively quiet 

travel cart leaf springs nec- 
essary to keep all four wheels 
in contact with the surface 
under extreme conditions call 
for care at speed on winding 
roads. The back -end will 
^tack-in” abruptly and needs 
immediate correction to avoid 
an over-steer skid. 

Honda threat to Rover 

The first British-produced 
Honda Ballades are now leav- 
ing Austin Rover’s plant at 
Looghridge to sefl in direct 
coaipetitfea with the Rover 
200. like its predecessor, the 
A c clai m , the 20$ is based on 
the Ballade. Unlike the 
Rover, which offers a choice 
of Honda 13 extefne or Long- 
bridge’s own lit, the Ballade 
will be sold in LS form oaly. 

The Rover 200 h one of the 
most sought-after models is 
the Austin Rover range. It is 
seen as offering a- desirable 
combination of Japanese 
reliability and British styfing. 
However, Honda’s own styl- 
ists have made considerable 
advances in Enropeaniring' 

their cars la recent years and 
there most be fears in the 
British camp potential 
Rover 200 customers win 
prefer to buy the “ttrjgfca]”. 

Ballade prices are already 
giving some concern to Austin 
Rover dealers. There is noth- 
ing to choose between the 13 
Ballade EX at £7330 and the 
smaller-engined Rover 213S 
at £7,282. Bid the artn mafa 
Ballade shows a considerable 
saving at £7,830 compared 
with £8399 for the Rover 
213SE automatic. The feel 
rejected EXi, which h only 
bring imported h five-speed 
mannal form, is £474 cheaper 
than foe Rover 216 Tltesse 
(£8,289 compared .with 
18.754). . 

Honda Ballade: Competition for rite Hover 200 

Pm beginning to wonder) 
what I uncorked last week in 
my report on the problems 
caused by electro-magnetic 
interference (end) and the car 
makers' reluctance to talk 
about it. Readers have bom- 
barded me by letter and 
telephone with details of their, 
own experiences. 

Mr Ben Garner, of Kens- ] 
worth, near Dunstable, 
Bedfordshire, blames emi for 
unaccountable engine cut-outs 
on his 1.8 injected Cavalier 
CD with electronic en gine 
manag ement Remedial ac- 
: tion by his local Vauxhall 
dealer has not brought a cure. 

But as a keen caravanner 
Mr Garner has a more serious 
concern; “My fear is that an 
engine malfunction while 
towing will cause the overran 
brakes on the trailer to 
the outfit to an immediate; 
involuntary hah.” 

Mr Brian Johnson, of 
Bushey Heath, Hertfordshire, 
says that the growing use of 
complex electronics in cars 
has coincided with a sharp 
increase in the sources of emi, 
such as car telephones, mobile 
GB »r«i amateur radio enthu- 
siasts. ‘ 

The only solution in his I 
view, and one being adopted] 
by the military, is toe use 
fibre optics. 

It would be nice to hear 
manufacturers’ views. In the 
meantime I should like to hear 
from any reader who has 
persuaded a manufacturer to 
admit that his particular prob- 
lems are due to emi 


Forets! Bead, A 1 

Tel: (0822) 76974 / 76421 


SHOGUN 1985 ‘D’ SWD. Petrol. Green. .£10,600 
SB06UW 1908 TT LWB. Diesel. OOP. Silver.£12J99 
SHOGUN 1985 *0' LWB. Petrol. Beige. Nudge bar 

stupes. — £3,999 

SHOGUN 1984 Personal registration. SWB. Diesel. 

Red. Sunroof. Plus many extras. 




Immediate availability on most 
'87 specification vehicles 

Contact; Martin Nash 

Tel: 0865 722444 

Prion of fckrKrim 
atei — ta ct i on of uaod 


mm RUB 

■m n m ai torn s mjam 


ihxwt. sma mm ttuu 

w« wsuttM to EE5 

k tom*. ftOU mte ECJ91 


Wlaw COJK 

,<hhS —rSS 

i Mat 


Norfolk’s only 

Honda Deafer 

(8683) 829825/6/7 





BHW Doha* d 
1 to Ynr 

BMWM63S HS .. . PDA 


BMW Wiw 

BMW 3251 £15l985 

Bentley £43^35 

Lotus Excels ; ETOlBSS 

PwsdtoW. 516.750 

Pored* 920 S £21.500 

PDrsdie 928SZ £34.995 

TT« rime is a sample or our 

select used ws stock. 
Dc M O wJndi oia by auw ftCiiw ft 

0473 212456 
Sob 8638 660104 

BMW M635 CSf 

leather mm. very low 


BMW atom Dealers 
Uta (8582) 576822 



73SJ 1985 8 raft taanwUc. **• 
We. an (Mias, sccursy mbm. 
or Mtone. Only 134)00 nto. i 
driver towuMi cmuUob. 
C19-EOO. OMk. ■WOI.W6 88V* 

uacm may mm ui w rt. 

uml S3M c raft wnanc. 
power —Mid sun loft son* 
roof. eUoy wheats. ro-fL «mi 
totoinft 2 door. BtJBOO ooo. 
Tel Ol 673 8309 anvffine. 

833 CM HsBmartc 1079. MM 
Crocn/befoe lot. AM*** 
SOjOOOm&doreiuweoton 1 

£6400. Tat 0989 64318. 


yOOO i»ui*JMM KVte . 



Tel: 0702 34250S 
2170 Sojjv**). - 


1983 Motet. Wto nib 

Btecfc toattwr. Assisted 

braking MIMii. Toronto 
lerao. Fttf »ra;i 


T«t 0943 609261 - /• 





300 1983 X raft C*aptattr nas- 

Hc * orey mtarter. auowk 

pa& m rod. tUcMcinua. 

. aaqwMiee PVooeer ateno. •*- 

loyft law niBeoo*. tn Udp 

m OX-794 6652. 

KM A rag 1983. Henna Red. 5 
speed. 1930O nmea. %/T. nw«- 
wwn BMW serviced, mat 
cims oondim cam w 
0909 730037 

•30 CSI. 1984 lAX Private Rea 

635 TCV, Hanna Rnltok 

IcoUier. PdB anec + i/amd. 

Raa/cup. FSH. MMcendBlati. 

£14,990 ana. 0977 700611 OO 

nr 0532 624666 KH. 

323L 1978 SOuer. PAS. PSH. 

S/tL many extra*. M WM I 

tSlAOO OOO TV Ol 673 7476 


ttmmnlda. CMI Jot* 

now. on (wsa asasS 
32M or aest. Low ndieape. Re- 

q u tred by private buyer. Tec 

O3S3 883016. 


RH Aids, (HI -as. 
black. 2 door, tfs roar. aBnya. 
Ew. PAS. C/l_ saarao. isjoo 
■ ate. knasnWr condfOon. 
£.10.960. TW 01-788 8613. 

OS cm Automatic. 1 
30XXJ0 tunes. Air can. LaaMur. 
Anoya. S/R. O&OOa Tel: 01 
550 4943. 

3231 cauooiei. PUB Zeuter ran- 

■nexm 300 SB tad 380 SL. 

se*i ftrtw rwi *2® *SC ‘St 

£450 per week. Tel: 0X449 
H37 «xnm or Ol 449 8063 
Evatond W e etea d W 



liftm Ml Mqr 19BB, GUnls 
nd. Macklnfir. &BQ0 mle£ 

mui itxtny. a to ned «nti 

riadric stun, nwwnit. 4idf- 

rao, aaritf-t door (Odin. M 

new candNon. Cost new 

S excess of £43000 qs to 

mrepeauHg E345ffi 
After koecs 8638 814834 





1985 C rag. 15,000 
mfies Black 

Tsk 0982 890455 
-workday* 9 to 5. 


'85, black with 
manual, sunroof, ABS, 
LSD, 3^00 /rites. 
£32,000 ono. 

TeL 01 221 0418/3696. 

IHD Carrera Super 
Sport CoHpfr. 

85 luodeL Ptabuq/brnm 
intBrior. 11 MO rates. 


LH0 944LUX. 

Sport's seats. 911 afloys. 


Tel: 0734 343885 
or 343458 (D 


1904 A tog, Grafts (fe<L ESR. 
Mm 215X21.M0 ndes. MM 
etoa AMd t» Affl aooo 
rate ul Ewefiert axti&m\ 
OO KCncnB. Mm i axap*V 
cm. 'tisssSBr. rimed tanas 



Motor Show car 1901. B nmac. 
£7.400 ona TaM)91 4664800 

7451 TUMOb 1068. Heat of «x- 
iras. Umntd n ta n bar hi 
onutlry. £17300 I 
end- OCUUS 031 4534057. 

btae int. Pas. elec nimn. 

£&660 one. TeC <0«SZ) 58341 


B Res, Jet Hack. 27JD00 
miles. Fu* AFN Service 
Director's personal car. 

TeL 08276 4483 Day or 
0582 840895 EMIT. 

* Sams 2 antn. 1984 a rap. 
(earner. M5 race, dec aaata 
* sunroof, air con. ASS. 
3UXO mOes. Mae BWL kaonc. 
oonmuon. £26950 secures.' 

TBC03D4 363800 eve * Wand* 

. ."'\r 


SI *86 c ng Ante, met 
aeotrjBons oear ml ABS. 
OBC. PAS. Mt pack, flltrao 

10.000 ntKS £16.000 saw ut 
«« 01 515 MW£L 

WS CB Auto (EH BOQ 1985. 

Burgundy /naan Mpayr. 

45.000 ntlas. bnoHcnlatc Ml 
htstary, stereo, 88 6M. 
£16.900. Tet 0892 76774 m 

BBS 54 8 Soar* C/Btec. buck. 

21.000 mnrv fSh. wort Rn- 
PensMh. AW. SR. BiM. £9^80, 
■0926) 532792/3 <Wmil06761 
SS507 auuncl T 

ISM an la, V rag. new -52. met 
braacM. powe r He ar ing . Erent 
(to. nerae am. elec aartaL 
MOT (man OcL FSH, 1 pwmer. 
C3.7SO. TM. OS53 517163. 
HSW S2B Auto- A rag. i pumar. 
sw roof . aiac wtnnnws. canM 

facwtift fsh. groan muo. 
£4-990. 01 280 009}. 01204- 
»MI Ore 84. * 1T.O00WH- 4 Mt 
Oort bur rnetaMc. ua pack, 
racareo sAfeia. iSOnd/Mmo- 
Pra une £9,496 0773 T19190. 
tow 1*07 mom an n> u 
£2475. pea intpsm. tree amor 
brachme Marear om V0M» 

cohvixtwu bo www p 

(NOWy 800 nttte. £18.000- 
01 947 48*4 V 036782 545 ■ 
MBit C USD UbL As pew. 

ant. ert* Susan ojoa- ox 

409 1441 Day. Ol 961 US E 

Ml TURBO 1985. Ouaid a rad. 

(Mac* MUhcr irteMor. EUcsnc 

mom seats. EtecMc anareaf. 

Air ce n d W e ntn p' SjOOO reties. 

FSH. BcceBent e t mm km. 
CSBJSOQ. TM 0344 761068. 


B44TWaiO-8toB6.P«a ftgy4 

ndics. Bad/bocic DMa soerts 
wms. M spec. Totoy »«*»»’■ 
£29^50. NO Otos ft Ito deal- 
end TCfcOl-Ote 6708. 

04 VBeft Ondene 14.000 

anty- wa Ponche sandcaUMD. 

yy. fwn MrtF hr ‘HMimnnaL 
a tew, £&ko t*. _ 
7077 OQ OMOD8866 (Ol 

•S*iS so £^'SErS: 

3Sb I amSrSa.9BO Tat 

OttOdfoM (0*83) 606100 

PM MtoMilOtf* 

Wigan <0942)83466 1230pm ■ 

lpan or ator'Mm- 

MW - 1952 n\Un- dm r 

FAM. XBj* 99. . yopal MOHcL 
Main v.AA Dm ian Ur party. 
TM.' 0333 S1383 . . 

•44 AUTO, ruby red. tn totally 
t u a ua c ot ate confflHon. Under 
lOOOOmOes MnceMnrm Jnnr 
■94. staray treat. £1^600. Tet 
(HOC*) 026672 2243. 

PORSCHE 8X4 UHL Y raft m- 

tow. , wDiS? r raft , «» 

£7.000 . Tet 0902 7429211 

844 Tnrtx>D reft Guardi retLMr 
ccnddontoft w wri iw to« 
waders Bicaaft £20000. Tat 
(0358) 605620 0*00*1 or 
(0388} 607311 <fitnc0 

H4 Ud/H uW. ffaraf. 

' and wfalia DUStrtM Btoior. 

41X00- miles. 1 owner Bom 

njffSalaMt mft ra 01 oca 

yw 0rOi60388S!9aiiiini>Be. 

•24 Tnrtft X reft £HD. metelfc 
red. black ineerMr. naual extras. 

■ ntasl -**5. dhiarca setritmant; 

SAMOjjdo. 01-9456399. 
POMCUr 944 89 G reft 6.800 
nd*. ESP. Mhtr hit many ex- ; 
naft cnsxo. oszi buus. 



Ort M B 

21SD0 nto. 

into non 


uaatag. CHn Mann. Stone 


Fs* Poocbe homy- ChncB 3 

wQOOOft n Wn PoMBpi lQr 


) SOSS- (nan bMnr 
a n wubibO « 

brans a 


or MOMBI37 aetoM 

944 tax 

M Mb. ktototo W P.WC 


ME 9k data, na iMvcb a* Mde 

on 1 oriel My mm, 13 rate 

■an Ml to m, amlfe cto 


(BH3) S146H 


(REG. NOw) 

On 1BW Peode DM Tabo. tor Mb 
Mxfc dh Bhl amm km sai 
to . dedne hmbm. Mnr MMs. »■ 



l) 732828 ar 
) 58M21 

944 LUX. 

No»ag V.mrasc uU a 
eontnioA 37JK0 tOm, MMS8c 

narfat u tool, aknn. pdm 

Onraaft Fid ftaseba Mnoty. 


T8L >286 64101. 

69278 5281. 



928 $2 

MO IBS. LijjM 

OirttBiuBl MttBri 

Fl BedricBH 

1 BJD00 otid 

IMS §11 
Camra Targa Spart 

aiac&tc wjndows. 4 

montte Poreche warranty, at 

oaten. Ferao nt Baed plate 
radoiubia. C2EJH5 ono. 

Tri 0«3 506«2 (work) 

Htodbead 5303 Owns) 

HA M4, Coarda red. Five 

winnow. P» snipe Intent*, a 
ana owner ar Brora new wttb 
taU service- ntsroo. Abnotuttfy 
ttnmu udc la every wav. wan 
to Bnta mtvate rap. 
£14,998. ■ may part ndnoaft 
Tefc 10*82} 863097. ^ 

•uCMtetcarm-tod mt* 
rteiteMd tote, sards red wtoi 
toamsr bHerior. fhO ssorta 
a wte ncnL muir onadHew, 
aajOOO mto. (au Fwsctw eer- 
vira rastoey. ewniw stereo 
£22.73a TM 0078 
a- 0375 WU93.. 

«M»CtteAto W. Nr sue M. 
8/roof. Boacnateneo. AFNam- 
PWA. MOO .mas. . imtnac. 
£15.998. Tel Ol . 788.3881. 

Ml Targa. 1984 B. aP wWc. 

ULOOO.eptMtera.rBH. Warran- 

ty ' Aug ‘8 7. a sapenBawaL 

£19.960. Tat 0777 83388. 

match Mm with buvai To 
to «T bby. TM 01-388 0655. 

•XI THRU IMS Dtuvny toe-, 
ape only. Red/Buck inanor. 
£47£oa T«b03Se 88203 


Q28S 1985 

Mealfic blue, with fan 
barter smerior. LSI), eidc 
nart. buigUr stotn, stereo 
part. h«ted seats, ton root 
etc. Ooiy 18000 pules ■ 
Rune nanamy. 

Ttfc«78ZSSM41 after 838 


39.000 warn. Futl potvcba Hr. 

aloe. Rear valance. Franc top*. 

C/C bolder. ESR. PDM. 
Carrera wtMs. 21B * 60 VH 

DTSIL SXSOBO otto, -ntoi 377 

09B8.(day) 01 991 0741 (S«aX 


1983. Y rep. LOW mtteapa. SB- 

var. Oecwtadowsaadtptrran. 

AD notortnna sarvktoft v O 

end. Attoy wheels. Sun raw . 

C&500L atft Tflk 01-741 9033. 

m 274 - 


*24 LUX Com - White. Many 

roof, low maeapa. £10.95*6. 

Tet 0368 43473 / 64069 fl) 


lata, low mileage tar with hrto- 

ry. Cali bow. oai 427 9238 or 

031 454 6666 


K« ST In tmmwieed BritlMi rac- 

ing ween, l owner from new. 
Dnaregnuna inAagat ism, 

veiy low miiaapa. toweried iv 

nam dealer fan service and re- 

pair history. imn iP ci iM H a and 
u r l abi al c w idlilo n . £3.796. Tal 

Twyfbrtf 719713 (KantpeMrel 

tor {unbar deAfls 


59X900 mis only. 6 menttn ok. 
12 montta MOT. laaOMT notatf- 
strry. nuasreane. PAS. Good 
ooadtfton. Ofhra TeL-fOSW) 

_ (0509) 

903337 (eves 


Durowidy/Bty. lowup. exert 
Ini CBntotu. 80000 mats, 
new tyres- offers umM 
E5J0Q0 ftr twa beauSteil escam- 
Pie. Tat 0742 664584. 

KM Lam 
Raton Cfepti 


mmsioft D HTSIBBM 
B061 432 4790 



Forafl your Mitsutjtehi 
Sates, services & parts. 

Caft today 
6823 819661 

fe Dealers ta Semy I 
rmomooR noao 
798085 D&oa 
01-338 mi 




taunedate dadvpry. 
KsSy Sport Dwfer 
Corporation Rri, Grimsby 

0472 58941 


1979, ne* ertnat bakes and 
hood. Owdrivr in 3W A 4th 
par. Mm he one of the hot 
- mnl 0300. 

T Rift WO. Silver, baled 
windoa*. powe r ass isted 


read be scran 




.. al on warn 

ndtk matetk n m la 

prieat lad (UL& 

■ BhgnI Mar IMby oa 
0749 4422. 



Where you min fed tbe 
complete 87 range and 
professioial senrics. 

It's the Motor Show every 
day at 
Tbe Cross 




Wcter Bohan Peggt 
0297 32220 



naaDHSiKAims for sale. 

ion 17 FHISMA Ut Ifi 
19B6-0- YIO HRE 
002 (33311 



137 Street Lane. 
Rondhay. Leeds 8 
TN (0532) 08239/668230 



60 San £900 go fluff ffJ7 3 dr 

M 0 TO RV AT! ON’ 

( C43C! 56233 v- - Lines 

18 Trnsftam Road, 
Marsh Bartm, EXETER 
0392 215141 
Km aadlUiad Hoetas ft 
OostBy Used Cars. 
1984® BMW 525 ETA. fuB 
Ktere. 1 oansr. S/Roof. £8250 
1985® SAAB 900 GLS. 1 oamr. 
i. £5^50. 

BMW Rarer dart bter B rag. 6 

door, top of range rewc. Auto air 

can. dec wtadawc, retrraraera- 

ml lack Mtc pgaoenper door 

atop, Moor mm «. immaco- 

We. 21X100 nKlai £19260 Tal: 

0986 883066 office boors 


naflt AIM drive. 4.7 are Fort 

eoptne. one oww. 77.266 

maw. hard top- reft tap. one oC 

aaly6bafltka rpM handdrtva. 

OHMft 0084 861LB&. 

VOLVO £tOt> Ntw Hupa 760 

<3Xa Chain o# & Cram 

Cl 3.996. Uaual cVUiffr rtdnura. 

Can 01-979 52S6 or OX-979 

6049 Carpenters Antes 111 

ESCORT L3 I- April 8& 

ned/aatn. 3000 renra. Radio 

Caaartte. Sun root. AU aa New. 

JC4.975. 0690 76848 


naL a&ooo utt. super cor’d. 

£7.150. Tel: Ol 409 1441 Day. 

ox 951 1832 eve 

MMt novn w rep. eeuutf m 

blue over rtver. every crecdv 

awe extra me alloy*. 
E/ windows. C/tocUDS ele etc. 

bnmaentate rand m op. 60000 

mttes. Lady owner £8.995 Tat 



by Car/Vaa sapp&ed 


(stetsa io status) 


01 950 0052 

Uim ROVER SWB. n reft dark 
am. new brake sydon. £600 
spent in toat 2 mtha. auperb 
cons. KU tax/ MOT. E2J0OO 
ona. Trt CHes. 01 2S4 67B9 
or Ol 734 1600 day. 


0-60 in 9-6 seconds. An amazing 
experience 4x4 motoring. 






Qt -427 6225- Established ovei SO years 

For all your 
Shogun enquiries / 
early delivery 

?•! Brnn-rsife-’d Lane, Hcrrciv.' rr’icd f escr 

®B 190 E Uanfc. DaA blue nnetate. Etestnc sunrod and 

wndows. PAS RMo cassette. 1 ownre. Low mBaape 

T rag Rereadts 198 E Automate Sunroof. PAS. Poshed in tjrren rad 

Raw cassette, low ntoge t&iBl 

V rag. Mmadn 288 CE CeapA. AiBnratic. Sunroof. Etoctnc vwndows. 
ADoy wteels. Radio cassette Freshed n siwr nroottc, OOy 813^95. 
*A' raft HnedasSa SE Automac. 5treuoL EKctnc rendons. PAS Lam 

Otoe metoc £14988. 

T reft Matcete 288 SE Automate: 4 door saloon. Sunroof. Alloy wheels. 
Radw cassette. Fetched ro Sandgtov (My £18595. 



LONDON N16 \ Wf I 

Tel: 01-800 0411 





Year HONDA Slain Dealer fw\ 
Mol Sotoend (Mo 

18K (C) HOMM name 2A «. 
HI Caape.1 noer. 4.700 als.Gftm 
wMe/etecctBl Klour. PAS. eke nbss 
snw. Sayi. stora mL'cass. met 
cand. end. ssaog off new pm 
■day EUUHS. 



0625 532806 



86 C TO TURBO Ate 

Ess* £15485 

88 D 718 fiU Auu Estee£154SS 

SG C 7SB m Auto escdeCnaiS 

IS D TH1 SIE Ate SaloonmsK 
88 D 7(8 Tuba. Mai eaate 

£13J “ 

K C M BL7 Man. E«UctI2.#R 

H6 C 718 6LE Ailo EflaMUSffi 

IB C 2M OE Auto estdeOJJB 
Many uflw raodete anr^ra 
c*fc one sraiil 

The coantry’s largest 
used Shogun centre.- 
arranged anywhere. 


I i Wey bridge 

I (0932) 57911. 




gl WB tfiS ROM) 

woueMAwroN rrj 

Tet (BS02)7S1G56 

! Southern Connties 




swnoEMi esanss 

Mato Rato Cntfn. Store 
Tel: (B2S3) 28191 


| Roiand Avenue 


667778 Tgg* 


Honda Cars of 
172 Leckhampton Road, 
Cheltenham, GIoucs. 
■mmn For snmediate or 
rr — i~i earliest defivery, 

W*J Hfeai/^4348 

Chewy 20 

Frity bndetL to 

Brand New 
Custom Van 

Filly baled, teerexs 7 crater 

Veto CartaiE Seats, ksmuc 

cpts throaqbeuL tuned ®tassi 

tends. Sips 2. Fated cnetew mt 

would cost to ore E23.M0 - 

Greeawy nut sM mm. 

01 431 1819 


to rnetaEc. 1984. 2&000 
mflas. tn prtstlna condition 
wilti tufl sendee history, with 
every concwabto earn. 
Genuine reason tor sato. ra- 
tes In region of £22,500. 

Tel 01 982 5862. 

Escmrr issot cbmM. leas. 
While, low rnUugr. unmacu- 
lale. taxed. ttkSSO. 076S 
60206 w/enflB era 0223 
870246 day. 

WUHE ROVER 1986 (BJ. White. ] 
6 weed. option pm - 
Rad/C a» 16.000 mb. px. 
warranty. C11.7SO. 01 236 

6326 Off. 01 874 3791 Mm T j 

BAMOS ROVER Cabrtomt Bum 

by Townley Maura met* tar. 

Well nreJnnd«d. Cost new tn 

mm ■ of £4000° . effm 

£15.900. TM: 020881 2001. 

RANGE ROVER Vogue auto. 
1986. Caspian Mue. under 

9000 miles, lamp puards. im- 

maculate condiuon. £18,760. 
T*t Ltson 0682 461BS7. 

Volvo 740 OLE Stoma ft Es- 

tate. Page * Davits- drenc e al g 
102831 69112. 

CaMNADA SCOUrtO a reft berer- 
Ufiil car. to refinements 
Including tamgtoer etc For 
Quick salt £9 MO. No deatara 
TM 0984 2714 02. 

BOUT 1600 re. 1977. 
VGC Atlrartive. Hard and soft 

ups. RM/tut. MOT. A tn. 

NeweiWtne. £1500. TW:Ot B46 

0801 (Wl Ol 58S 0019 (HI. 

PaJCEOT 205 CT1 Novas, lew. 

ted. Immaculate. IOUOO mu. 

£&2GO. G05GTI Auu. Jto 86. 

sliver, imntacalBir. 7X00 mil. 

£7.995. ZMmods (07641 307B7 

METRO l QL S Door. C Mft Om 

owner. warranty. yellow 
£4,000. Tel 073001 6110 


Large selection of 
vehicles in stock 

2/14 Emlya Road 

USE? rm 

Tet erst 72543 WJ 



918/920 Chesterfield Road, 
«o»roji WoedseaL 
fT~T] SMfiefd 
IHJ 0742 740044 

VEsf. 1908 — 


phe UCa htegut SuppHera 
EuSeit dtovery 
Deafer of the year. 

134 London Rd, 
Romford, Essex. (0708) 64506 
236 Eferidng RCL 
London EB. D1452 3131 





Place Farm Way, 

Monks Risbo rough, 

TEL: (08444) 2266 



Tat (1983} 584455 


1986 D PRELUDE BQ 16 Vtoe. 
sdwr. pas. 5 
lock intas. 

9fwr. ps. 5 4 wheel anti 

(nfles only, 

deranstraoon model .—£11 JOB. 

1985 B PRaUDE I J Executive 
Manual pas. 5 speed, IB, 000 
mies, tul sentce tunny, anrtw 
by awetto Oj ML 

Canae ef Cardiff 
Wes lagest bda Baler. 
0222 394213 

t a ua *f S.U0MLS ofcjASSurpuco 




Mffnniimr« Bfnae 

Qisn«e«issiAUteA nnewa 
nu hmuhbi KtaersoMEflav 

■0WC8 Cbantv 90 
Sttoaawaaea. July 84. tijfioo 
mb. 2Vv petrol. 6 sad. Stram 

tow. Imnuculale. E7J2SO. 
04363 2391 tevm/wkendsi 

S door vogue 

£F1. Turbo charged and fUBy 

uprated nmresion nv 
J an t u e e a i9e& isxioo mflra. 
Camran Mue. £17.930. Tri 
04917 664 or OS36 690118. 

as crnMMDt cx suwi tri auio 

Eatah. AnniMd In glacier blue. 

1.300 inlet, ttereo radio / ras- 

sene. £9.950. Contact Brtan 

Witts on 0792 73391 T 

■ A iwa ROVm ETT -B6 m. 5 

raft Inunar. £16.960. PX Clc. 

0734 730714 Brootoide.T 

LANCIA'S advaituerata ctices. 

mew/driBos. Phooe lor driaib. 

pw enter. Marlowe Motors 
( Canterbury! 0227 65544 


The Ultimate, 4 
Wheel Drive 

* Choice of 2J6 Petrol or 
2.5 Diesel Turbo. 

* 3 Door 4 Sealer. 

* 5 Door 7 Sealer. 
Option packs includes 
leather trim, walnut 
burr capping, alloys, air 
cond, etc. 

* Automatic option on 
Diesel 5 Door. 

3 Year Warranty. 
01-309 1800 



1988 Range Rover ER Voqob 
A uu. Saanah Bwje £17J75 
1986 Land Rover 90 15 
petrol. Cony Staton Wagon 
wth PAS & tow pack, Arizona 

Tan_„ E9J350 

1988 D* Land Row 90 Z5 
DiesaL County Station Wagon. 
PAS. n Straus btoe. drtvery 

tndeage only £11.128 

Ate tarty deOrere ol 
bw Vogu Raaga Raven 
Tri Watford 0323 24026 


■uwrr i 







couLSDON, surrey 

DOmUAMO (073/SI sezur?ft 






265 Bromford Lane 
Bimmgham 88 2SG 

TeL 021 328 4211 



„ Meta Dealer £&J& 
For North London ‘•a** 

987 HIGH RD 
01-445 5244 Sales 
Ml 87 nod els available 
taf immediate deRveiy 

S Cropley & Co 

88 D Stapun LWB Duel 6t 

Wagon. Oorantl op( Marne Red. 

6.000 mil As Mw. -C13J95. 
85 C Shopn LWB Diesel 5L 

Wagon, tfcamtrej opt Mevaiu 

Sand. 20.000 ms £11.895. 

Frith Bank, 

0205 62230 


42 North Bridge St. 


JL 8783 


3.0E CD. 

1904. Black - tinted gta&s - auto • 
PAS - a* comStrewig - aeonc um { 
mol • «taur rttenor - alt usual | 
refinements - taxed. 

Price: £6,750 

861271 or 
anytime. . 



1979 4 Or tee Automate. Au 
and, elec endows/ eats 
am». Wottrace wntete. new 
Inch tyres, nainng boards, 
teattwr dash, taad/teaefl VGC. 

Tat 81-431 1819 

VOLVO 245CLC. Eitilc. 1992 X 
reg. Imnuculllr cond. 44.000 
Rules. ravrr/Uark leather Inte- 
rior. £4.200. Tri 01 289 0493. 

mrOTA SIMA January 1984, 

A. SUMO mara 5 wmi. metal 

He dart btue. ctectnc windows. 

riectrlc omroot. «m. alr<sn- 

diHonmo. trutre eomroL wit 

condition. wUeS car. £6.99B 

ono. Tri. 0327 830455 nn 

nines & weekends or 0327 

36254 day. 

TORO BHAMADA 2.81 CMa 1986 

ruu rare incturim AB5 t bal- 

ance nunijiacnirm warranty . 
10.000 mb £9.750. 10702) 
77479 / 713031 T 

19*8 C Siena 2.0 Ghu EM Aum. 
PAS. while. 17.000 mis. dr 

Ctod. £8.995. 0253 201 21 T 

HOMUUI + fesneft VBEngme. 
Bfertrtfedt Maher- 22.000 
mis- fsh. R/Case. Ceod curt. 
£5.996 ODd. Tet 0977 70061 1 
(H) « 0332 624666 (OL 

ERG. auto. PAS. sunroof. ta>- 
maaaate. fun seme* Mrtu y. 
£124)00 OOO. 01-580 7679 Of- 
fice. 01-446 3959 home. 
ASTON ilAlfTLH DOS 8, 1971. 
Ccdkei c ona MBn . Good mi 

pmnre. No rags Red/bMctc- 
CWW. MOT. £4^:00. Tri 01 
361 4986 ar 0764 52436. 

eiue. Recent ncernnui. New 
chrati. New, tyres. Sasero V- 
p*KMMm KTOdri. £6.760. Tel; 

. w t*s Susan red, 
engine sport, blurt learner 
interior. S&300 mW* £9.900 
. ooo. Tri Q51 6306088 nvirrrii 

E/TVK vi£ D/H a Uta. whit*. 
67,000m, hWnar. vac. 
£1080a 103 OSl 881679 T 
MB Mapneff»28 1967. one n» 
. er. 3.980 mis only. Santa. 

£1880 mm Te| 0483 64829. 
■OVER. 3 IKN- auto. 1961 S vr 
radials. nat/hrw MOT Mur 87 

moo. Readtas 107341 471071. 

TORMTO. SMtflre IMS. tatroac- 
utale cumpteriy rriorMthed. 
£1 SOU moo. TcUA A42 1999. 

I Int arrow. 1969. tn tat- 
<edent condition. Dart blue 

wan cm tanner uuenor and 

«umte» fteri exnauB. £3.400. 

Tri 07288 394/330 rDorreU. 


mart 1 reroert. CIO 00. 08SE 

HAA OT - 1961 W. Btot. 
37.000 mure. Sunroof. Altovs, 
inananiure. £4.995. 0)8 om 
Bra. Tri. 093 780 260 

owner. 22-000 miles, wtuu/- 

tBuetrtn ExeelleM cond. >972. 

£4.750. Tri 108601 354747 
IMS. Austin 10 Udmew. easy 

wtniar rnioiwn, Runs wen 

£975 ono. Tri Ol 561 646? 

ft. TYPE jaguar Rrifeoa. XJ6 

bused British Raring Green. 

£12.750 Trtt 01-44& 9035 

BMMM5 MKOB Black 195S R«f 
Miner oshotaerv FuU WOT. 
£2.000. Tel: 10936; 640368 

lunsritandsl / 007891 841291 

< daytime k. 

BBBAOAN 44 Red 1976. 29.000 
mure Good eondamn. Appm. 
£5.000. TM Q3B57B 380 

HCSCTI97B Rad/CSH. £0.000 
miles. BrttMh mono orran. 
MOT Jan 87. ArarawxL Good 
cundtttan througimd. esjsoo 
000. Tet-OI 854 4350 lorrei. 
Nim WW Saloon. 1969. 
19JJ00 owes, superb. £2.400. 
Many omen. Deuus mums Mi- 
nor Sml res. Malvern. 
WMc ren ra WK - 06845 68936. 
MMtoSMMOR 1000 4 door »- 
Hon. |967. 66.000 miles, 
restored to original con tattoo. 
MOT. (b (ax £2.500 Center 
Bury 10227) 723474. 


XJA COUPE 4.3 1975. Smtn 
tawonBtage examine of Ura 
rare nwdeL 1 owner. Pdfi Mr- 
vice history. £4.000 Trill WSO 

681 77 (ftmondfle) 





Car rugs and sat covers, style 
and mowidualny to tho nternr ol 
vmir car. Details Item top. 


£180 REWARD fir inferrMtlMi 

leading tou»r at «* of 

me lodowine mtsnailon num- 
bers CLA 1|. OLA 111. CLA 
Ills, GLA 1 N. CL 4N.C1.11 K- 
CL 1111. Tri. OSSa 530617 
Dunns efttte tours. 

Easridri Go. 188 KettBnM Rd. 
Non Ram mon (D6W) 3042b 
Sfuwoont wsitE wfiJCWts 

CAR PHOW NEC 2000 Model, 
normal pore £964. As new 
asking £554 Tri: Q277 B3173 



eii-? BUBBi? « TsMUNffVIft 




Manufacture of 
Craft Made Shoes 

J.G. McDowell & Co, Limited 

The Receiver offers for sale, as a going concern, the bunnem and assets of the 
above company which trades from premises in Bajqrmexia, Northern Ireland* 

Principal features include: 

^ Freehold Property - 31^00 sq.ft, 
t High Quality Product - Capacity 2,000 per week 

# In-House Design Capacity 

4 s Experienced Skilled Labour Force 

♦ Registered Trade Mark 

For further information, please contact the Receiver 
W.B. WDaon 

Feat, Marwick, Mrtchril & Co. 

Stokes House, 17/25 College Square East, Belfast BT1 6HD 
Telephone; (0232) 243377 Teles 747805 Fas 226970 







PK7 1NH. Td: (02872) 67000. 
MOTOROLA BOOQX total peru- 

mcnt Tab 0296 635411. 

2-3 OR Stone COMOLTDH 
room wanted. Teh 01-631 
1614. lOJSQom - 12-30. 




Morton Hodaon cm help yon orertoiw 
someofthase fundamental problems that can so often hinder 
today’s expanding business. 

• Business Planning • 

• Fund Raising - Tax Considerations • 

• Monitoring • Marketing * 

Oar associates nationwide can oirertbe right achnce and 
guidance swiftly and inexpensively. 

Contact Caryl Croik an I0S444 1 2047/2420 
Mnnon Hudson SMVfcS(rect.Pno!eiHnberoagtL Bock*. HPI7SAH 




Wtf ESttMsted Dental practice, tegs jrasa ««onia. »ttM 
book. 6 professional rooms. My operative. 


Brlck apartment block. Exeelafltrantal Income. OonfeHnaaity 
two 2 badrooma d wtumtahed ap a rtmen t s . Lounge, ktehen, 
b al lroom. laundry room. Under cover paridng. Vital kept 
mature garden. 

Situated 100 ywds tram baadi in top hoBday resort area. 
Attacfte iwestment Private sab. For comptace package 
altars around £160000 fmatakl. 

Telephone Ms G Hag on 01 262 1234 
for finthur d et a fa . 


AdivudM* Haunts ftCis a 
rapidly upaading retail 
annota tion opcMng stoms (X 
SIUOlo IZOOifsq. tt R Do nta 
at 2 non per nub. 

Our WBfl xqcaftoos se staaaM 
« n maWL Testfta. Tjmadc 
R ta 3 Stegm E wt ■ 

To compknanr osr tratinp as aa 
making avattaMe coneesMjaary 
space to Okhb ■Mesta or non 
compares who m sdtag to rrnta 
die oecsssny coramtiment in 
tarns aMte stock leei mound to 
sente a busy ratal audit. 

IMt ate ideated it tamng from 
tha faianog aa&rts 
JetaSeiy. draw, taUUBL dfaa 4 
glass. mHieos «ar. ansssarics, 
■rifle gopf fc. cape*. aM tagi ar 6 
pa rt . DTY, eosmdics. 

Pta* arts or tahp tia ia sbtng 

Experienced Inotltxbvt frustrated 
by a rrenl product opportunities? 
%u am Join others tunring over 
£4000 per week li»o rmv market. 
with abrgft gualiqrhettandomestK 
door imp already enjoying huge 

No stuck or cadi c omn wm t e m. 
substantial deal flexibility leads, 
and support material araffabte. 
Don't berime. Eshoagpgentsare 
finding volume tales now 
Write with full details to Lindsay 
Jordan. JIG. WUdQakMace. Thill. 
Kronan, Somerset 7H3 JJK 


rvtaii/reMr burincu + bow 
■ark ft mia ato commercial 
mooctno. Ooaaumntt potential 
for att e k nn a* Offers ft de- 
tub W: 03977 467. 

foac. S3 coven inenung to so. 
Good ear bmfnran eacedenll/q. 
New attain wi uuhm. OM otae 
decor, eonume reason tor Mr. 
£8 &m 5T Tel: AkKSWSh 
(072806) 2011- 

Counties. 16 it toe. Town On 
Be. T/O £600.000 Pi 
£375.000 AX-LanMy Read- 
me- 0734 690971 

YACHT charier burincss ba*M 
near Creek Mute. cmiesca 
34. Brltadi Flag. 7 bertn. going 
concern, easily run Iron UK. 
£36.000 0462 7311 II. 

URMCME Dtstav* in notats 
Gran arata £3.500 pa. £7.600 
o no- 0696 624815 Tun is sat. 


Acre Site 

Outside BAA land but wtMn 

Sits also Iras 150.000 cubic 
yards grava tor attraction. 

Reply to BOX J12. 

ACTIVE RARINER marketing ex- 
nonmg nrvfenM for p rap o—d 
Unporl/export venture. Tel; 01- 
995 8S02. 

I t'/iii I’i: i: I 

Successful R & D based 
Ecenslng company seeks 
active XV. partner to es- 
tablish a retag operation 
creating fine art reprod- 
uction s/gifts. Minimum 

capita required £40,000. 

Reply to BOX B16 



Owners ol Rtotoeal covey 
propety are saafeno partner to 
sss sS gi flavel ocDient of lux- 
ury i utr anient home. 

Reply to BOX F38. 

UJP.V.C. WMDem Company Wt 

area wdl knv^i UP v C. win- 
dow j, Extrusion comp any; Wr 
have a large network of ntan- 
itadcd O — —« we nave a 
mum muon potmd turnover In 
UP v.c. Pratnes & rmM ac- 
cessories We would Uk# to 
mate contact wtm major Gmn- 
ponR» who wfl I almost 

certainly M ratios m me same 
Industry. We would DM to ap- 
praise the areas » which ws 
have a co m mon Interest wflh a 
vmw ro obtatning (tor maxima 
potential horn our respective 
enterprise*.. -HO ■ amalgam 

aOon - taint venture - tradtag 
anMum: ARCTnamroiy we 
may corMds- the turn torn sale 
of our own oprmUon- Apply in 
confluence to BOX H7S. 

mem. tadenSMenL wcrnM. 
coranitnnl sought for too max 
nershin arnMRMiu brvimtur 
pcnomiel conAno' Enirr- 
prcneurUI lUr i, monaeaneni 
stalls essemW R> supson sub- 

stantfal expansion Plan* OHtato 
please n BOX J29. 

■HUK TtiHE tataness wtm * I oil ! 
our tnramc. 10 hr* a mmith 
no scamp - no rompsaum - can- 
itat rc o uCTd tMOO finance 
■mtaHe. Rmo Rfr- Own Ol 
302 8311 or wntfPrmncctBien 
LW- Dent ST 136 Bepenf 
Street. London Wl 


A head start for bright ideas 

w land and Hammejsmtti 1 Fa&am. 
Indiggill Society's S C, KhSbt •’■“"“T “ T 




1 80 /o 

Commocfily Traders Consumer Report addi- 
tionally ranks Peter Brandt’s newsletter Ttie 
Factor til in the U.S. on return in margin 
equity 180%, lowest risk per trade $252 and 
among the smallest drawdown in equity 
$3,758. Mr. Brandt will be accepting a 
limited number erf managed accounts where 
his only compensation will be a per- 
centage of profits. For full disclo- 
sure documents, track record and 
Free Copy of Factor Report call: 

CottectTba Manabonal DwMon of VANBMflO BROKER*® COW. 
By Tdw 27 1187 TAMM UR to USA 1400-2254561. 1*800221- 
2917. Or C« Dsm Thomas Cofed n NY. 1-C12KS7-320&. 

Past resufes an not indcttive ol kilure iram. 

London area. 

Thc scheme, which trains young 
people to become sdf-emqioyed or to set 
up their own business, is looking for 
people between the ages of 18 and 25 
with bright ideas for business. 

After a one day workshop, between 1 5 
and 20 applicants with foe strongest 
ideas will be chosen for an right week 


■ Britain’s amafl companies are cawed up 
to £57 b8Bon because of the lats payment 
erf bffls, acconSng to the Forum of Private 
Business which dams aB-party support 
from mors than 700 MPs tor tegtslaifon to 
curb slow payers. The average time lag for 
invoices being paid is 75 trays, with pic 
companies the major culprits, it claims. 

In May the the srnafl ferns minister Mr 
David Trippier launched a code of practice 
to promote die prompt payment of bffls but 
the Forum wants tegislacon which would 
entitle srnafl firms to charge interest on 
sums not paid during the agreed period. 
The Forum claims that more businesses 
are folding either as a dfrect resutt of stow 
payers and non-payers or as a con- 
sequence. The situation worsened re- 
cently because since the beginning of last 
month, the government has levied sur- 

nanced, with the London project ““"rr start does not provide^ i 

by.Wdkomc and Touche Ross, and its Head garHips Iw* as ^ 

mum ere dawn from industry and mSgh other srtew , 

business. Youth Business Initiative fe 

Since foe first sriteme in 1983, abcot ^ ^ Yo uth Enterprise S b hem fc V f 
180 young people have^ been earned andfoeY GreaJer Loodtat esafe 

aiwmd Britain and 120 of these have^ c^een Sulheriand, 

upinbnsness.Alioftheofofiraarea^ r I ndustrial Society, 38 J 

planning to do so or are now employed U^, i ne^ London, Wl.0l-3fi2 a 
Wtm yeartoctade ? 
Hun, Kidderminster, Exeter, Berkshire, 2WI. appuh*u«» 

Swale, Kent, Morpeth in Northtunber- 31.) _ y 

cterges on firms which pay VAT aftw its 

fftrj a: ; - 

■ A mtfor ejthfoHion on odi^on.arw 
trairunglbr the now technotogfes be 
held a-27 Nowwnber and wB mdudethe 
latest deveiomients and extrave fram- 
ing Information for smaB busmeMe&The 
efettton is sponsored by the Comnw- 
sion of the Biropean Communtfes and the 
MSG. Admission free at the Queen 
EBzabefo fl Conference Cetera, West- 
minster, London. 

■ A simple step-by-step guide to prepar- 
ing a safety policy statement for a sman 
business has been published by the 
Health and Safety Commission. It Is 
suitable for most small companies Includ- 
ing construction, manufacturing, and smaft 
stops and is designed to encourage a 
s y ste ma tic approach to safety. 

(Writing your Health and Safety Policy 
Statement Price £2.00 from HMSO and 
booksefe**' • 


to find out if 
results of all onr o 

believe ti 


Bob Church, English International fly *ngkr and writer 
de scrib ed the fiteciy as The jewel in the crown.' The 
fishery has a high repa ration in the angling circles for its 
excellent quality *wlLD* rainbows and re c or d browns. 
The hard work has been done; INVESTMENT is now 
needed far **!"*"*"" For * pn ap een g pi er write nc- 

- PO Box 11 


Tele Syntra 2000 £ 795 tw.wp. Telex 
Tele Syntra 2001 £ 549 Basic 
Tele Syntra 2002 £ 245 rc Modem 
3M Wisper £1295 scvf 
S creen basedfiem £1600 scvf 

Also tetephone 
• from £495 

AB P*»3 are pk» VAT 

T_E L Si 


To take up a Scenes for an already proven and 
effective system for controlng GrafWi and Vandaten. 

effective system ftx centreing Graffiti aid VandaBsm. 
(Customer references avadaMe) Appficanfs must be 
progressive, finandtfy sound and able to 
demonstrate and provide anmee fla te National 
coverage, preferably tn aSed industry. 

■rite ta KHG Ttaasn Hdfetack, 
Lfeacre Heese, Seotberatoy East, Exeter, Pena. 


Earth station spedafist offers you the opoprtu 
join the TV revohjtion. Distritkitors retniraa rn al 

investment eompletebr covered by stock of &000 
plus VAT. 

For details of training and company backup enctosinfl 
telephone number to; ' 


34 Victoria Road, Fufwood, Preston, PR2 4flE or 
Tetophone: (0772) 712312/712379 (office hours) 


0 Mb. gnesi nas. A 3 bid 
owners accum-Pi*. for cqja 
4 doobles. Han bn; tango, 
parkag etc. Raa 
snail bet for bis praffa. 
£7TO/£S00 p.w. Bentiftfe 
mm- Mixi F/HckL Five 
f 150,000. . 

He SarihaaptM * 
(0783) 334828/9 ? 


n.ra wS>ta.6ri i them 


one of me lajkest asnuBuroie of flvm orc m me south 

.mnvSBni.Mf.DanW.BHSIM 7CU 10202) OBMS 
n. I. iitai«n-m~-i — * — “*" — **” 

• -TEwnncanvamniw value 


h.'fci s kirl tar 

No Fradrise Fea 


required under the 
business expansion 
scheme for new 
compsry fan the 
reefehnadon industry. 
For further detaBs 

Reply to BOX J4Z 

Tek (0803) 527789 (24 hr) 
or 0060 714903 CELLULAR 
Tain 42585 XON1A. 

Pul lossinQ fn cfl ft ffl i 

MoUe Communications (U.K.). 


The Well hows Retail Toy Bashnss 
Baasess Teys Is Far Sale 

Large premises (5,000 sq ft) 

In an exesflent trat&ig location 

For full detaBs contact 

Nigel Maltett or Christine Barnes 
Tel: 0272 277702 . . 

Very profitable, futiy fit, 
l.-u. Ses‘nLwth7a 
covers. Excel posm. in 
centre of tourist are* 
Offers of about ; 
£100,000 required for 
very long lease. Current 
business tkg. nearly 
. £3,000 pM. 
(Reh3636.Y) tf... 

avis & co. ltd; 

Pk (0284) 4873 




jiJ up'I&P 



H The way to sporting success 
can involve thinking yourself 
into the wfamefsrole, The 
second of two articles in The 
Times by sports psychologist 
_ John Syer (above), ghp has written a new 
^ book on the team experience* explains faow 
ins t illing personal confidence plays a vital part 
~ in training schedules. 


in the mind 


T wo years ago, at the start 
of my last season with 
Tottenham Hotspur, I led 
a goal-setting exercise, in 
the course of which I 
disked players to write down the one 
-'Skill - physical, technical or men- 
tal— that they most wanted to 
finprove over the next 10 months, 
"■■to my surprise, 60 per cent of the 
flayers chose confidence. Most of 
'these players, it seemed, had high 
- goals out had not worked out in 
- enough detail how these goals were 
to be reached. 

Building confidence be gins with a 
, realistic assessment of one's own 
ability. The young athlete may find 
this difficult and rely heavily on his 
;_coach to provide accurate reflec- 
tion. He win then need help in 
7 -setting appropriate goals. 

• ■ Even a player like John McEnroe 
l can make mistakes. He was sure he 

- could return rapidly to his best form 
* after seven months without com- 
- petition but when he was beaten in 
' the Paris Open by Sergio Casal and 
V tost his chance of playing in the 
- . Masters, he said: “I must set more 
* .accessible goals' until I'm playing 
• -proper tennis again." 

, Leading a young athlete to be 
’ realistic can be done without damp- 
: ening his enthusiasm. When he says 
• he wants to win Wimbledon or 
I compete for Great Britain in the 
' Olympic Games, the response 
■ should be “GreatT So what's the 
; next step?” This turns his attention 
- from goals to appropriate action, 
phased on present ability. 

: Begin by establishing . 
• an athlete’s goals 

Working with any athlete forthe 
■ first time, 1 begin with two analyti- 
- cal exercises, the first helping mm 
• assess his present ability, the second 
■ requiring him to set long and short- 
; term goals. These exercises provide 
■ a basis for further woric together and 
are particularly relevant when the 
athlete confidence: 

Once the athlete has set hmwrif 
* goalv L ask him what steps he wffl 
-lake within the next few days 
towards reaching his most immerfi- 
- ate target Often these “action 
steps” are not precise enough. 

Before one match at Tottenham,!" 
asked Ricky Villa whathisobjective " 
was and he replied “To wmTV 
“Fine,"-! said, “but Atw are yon 
■; going to win?” 

- “We’D play tight the first 20 
minutes and earn the right *to 
play’," he said, repealing the . 
instruction of the Tottenham maii- 
ager, Keith Buridnshaw. - 
'I-'. “Okay,” I aid, “but that's how 
'■The team is going to play. What are 
■ you going to do? what special is 
there to do in yoor position when 
•the team plays tight?”. 

7 . "I must tackle bade more,” . 
replied Ricky, naming a part of bis 
game he had wanted to improve. 
“Okay. So what’s the feast num- 
- her of times HI see you tackle back 
in the first 20 minutes? Twice? Five 
'times? Ten times? Tefl me and FII - 

Queen’s Bench 

■ keep count for. you dnriiw the 

One . important difference be- 
tween clinical and hmwiwiictfr 
psychologies' is that, whereas fee 
clinician win ask “Whydid yon do 
that?”, the humanist wiDask “How 
do you do that? O you do it 
again?” or “What is ft you do?”. 

Once, tong ago, Z was in a 
passenger plane that Just 
to cross the Me d ite rranean and 
landed on a difftop in Spain. It was 
some years before I had to fly again 
and when I did I was scared. After 
an hour had gone by, an elderly lady 
sitting beside me asked if I was afi 

“Not really, no,” I gdmrth » d 
“Are you afraid?” fee asked and, 
when I nodded, “yrhere are you 

“Where am I afraid?” I repeated, 

“Yes, where in your body do you 
experience your fear? How do you 
experience your fear?” 

Now this was an i n teresting 
question and I sat there tryin g to 
work it out, alrcatty (if Fd noticed) 
more in charge of thing *. Having 
discovered that . I was incredibly 
tense in my stomach, -hands and 
shoulders and told my neighbour, I 
was advised to deepen my breath- 
ing, letting each breath out slowly 
and completely. I relaxed. 

Steve Archibald used to identify a 
lack of confidence with tension 
when he was at Tottenham. “When 
I'm not scoring goals, I'm tense,” he 
said, “and that is when injuries 
seem to occur.” Lade of confidence 
is akin to fear in that it is related to 
the past or the future at the expense 
of the present. “How” questions 
bring us back to the present 
When mapping out a programme 

Of wmm! training exetCtteS wife an 

athlete, I balance analytical ex- 
ercises with others feat are asso- 
ciative. (In sporting body/mind 
terminology, I move than “left- • 
brain” to right-brain” exercises). 
So, to help an athlete build bis 
confidence, I invariably ask him to 
remember a time when he did . 
perform confidently and rehearse 
feat moment mentally for five or 10 
minutes each day. - 
frijfi sorting Body. Spmting Mint . 
Ah Athletes Guide to Mental Train- 
ings a book Christopber-GMmoIly - 
and I wrote in 1979, we identify 
many different - types of 
visualisation, of which tins form of * 
mental rehearsal is the most com- 
mon. I might then ask what for him 
is confident music and suggest he 
chooses a specific piece or trade — • 
one cyclist in. the British squad - 
listens to Phil Coffins V.M? Jacket 
Required — and listens to it at 
specific times, as pari of his 

t raining 

I might make other suggestions, 
such as, “In whose company do you 
feel confident? Spend some tune 
with them this week.” Oi, “Who for 
you is a confident person?— Find a 
picture of that person and slide it on 
your bedroom watt for 10 days.” Or, 
“Pretend yon are that confident 
person and mutate him for five 

minutes at fee next few training 

Acting is part of mental framing 
Martina Navratilova spoke of her 
coach, Mike Estep, after losing to 
Steffi' Graf in the 1986 German 
Open: “1 get upset because 1 should 
hare done better. That’s me not 
feeling confident Mike is woriring 
on that with me. He is always telling 
me to act confident and sooner or 
later ifU comeback.” 

Facing a problem can 
halt farther injuries 

Ajb athlete can often regain 
confidence after a bad injury by 
inventing and practising a 
visualisation, in which he reacts 
differently to the original situation 
and, in this new version, avoids 
being hurt With practice, this new 
version becomes an actual new 
response. In this way Glenn Hoddle 
Of Tot tenham and England, re- 
gained confidence in being tackled 
from behind and Harold Ellis, of 
Haringey Cricket College, in receiv- 
ing bouncers. Both were recovering 
from severe injuries received in 

Qidi fi rMifiKlfliuys 

Athletes who are uncertain of 
their own ability often misjudge the 
ability of their opponents. The 
boxing '•manager; Cos D 1 Amato, 
once said: “The young fighter 
always . perceives his first-time 
opponent as being bigger, stronger 
and fester than he is.” 

Misunderstanding between ' 
team colleagues can also affect 
performance. Angela Buxton 

reached fee singles final at Wimble- 
don in 1956. That year, her doubles 
play had bees affected by the 
conviction feat her American part- 
ner, Althea Gibson, felt herself to be 
“a cut above” her. 

“What did she do feat ma/fr- yon 
think that?” I asked recently. 

“WelL.” said Angela with a 
laugh, “she gave me filthy looks 
whenever I made an error.” 

I rephrased the question: “No, I 
mean what did you actually see her 
do? Did she shake her head , n ar r ow 
her eyes, stamp her foot?” 

“She tnt-tmted," said Angela. 
This was fine and allowed her 
experience to be reformulated: An- 
gela saw Althea “tut-tut", she 
imagined her partner thought she 
was a cut above her, and this made 
her fed upset and less confident. 

The point is that what we fed is 
based on what we imagine, not on 
what we see., and there are always 
alternative int er pr e t a t i ons of what 
we see to the one our past experi- 
ence leads us to select. If our 
interpretation is wrong, then our 
feelings based on that interpretation 
are inappropriate. 

’ C M. “Jimmy” Jones, An gela' s 
coach, checked her interpretation 
wife Althea, who “was horrified 
that she gave such an i m pre ssi on.” 
She agreed to play a practice match 
in whi ch she would monitor her 
ges tur es, while Angela monitored 
her response. Two weeks later, they 
won the Wimbledon doubles with- 
out losing a set 

Even when it is impossible far an 
athlete to chang e the factors that 
disturb him, all is not tost. In th»« 

i~*r* • - % 'SH I 

YOte Tariffing tedded . . 

Buxton: Partner problems 

case, he must change bis attitude to 
those events, shifting his attention 
from something outside his control 
(his opponent's performance or the 
weather, for instance) to something 
that is within his control — his 
interpretation of events or some 
factor within his own performance. 

“I don't dwell on things I can't 
control,” says Don Srfmla, coach to 
the Miami Dolphins, referring to 
some bad defeat “What’s past is 
past It's gone. It’s yesterday.” 

And Lee Trevino was giving the 
same advice — focus on what you 
can do, what you do control — when 
be said: “I never play a shot of 
which Tm not sure. Improve weak 
- shots on the practice ground— 
Consider the art of the possible.. 
The only way you can seme is with 
your game.” 

Late in fee 1984/85 season, when 
Tottenham were in serious conten- 
tion for the League title, their 
challenge was undermined by t 
series of bad results at home. Then 
was talk at the time of a loss of 
confidence in playing before a home 
crowd, yet on closer inspection, the 
situation was more complex. Some 
players lacked confidence, some did 
not, «ivt some confidence in 
other players in the team, but said 
they were still confident in their 
own performance. 

In this sort of situation, the coach 
or manager has a number of 
strategies be can employ, many of 
them at a t am meeting. The 
advantage of a team is that it can 
draw on many individual responses 
to any situation and through the 
process of ‘brainstorming’ can dis- 
cover an original and appropriate 

The coach's first task is to get 
every player involved. He can do 
this by presenting the topic and 
asking each player to write down his 
response. Or be can do if, as we did 
at Tottenham, by having the initial 
discussion in small groups (at 
Tottenham we divided the team 
into tactical groups: forwards, mid- 
field and defence). This has three 
advantages: (1) young, reticent play- 
ers find it easier to communicate; 
(2) everyone gets to speak in a much 
shorter period of time; and (3) an 
additional measure of confidence is 
built within each of these small 
groups which can be drawn upon 
daring a match. 

Confidence must be 
shared In a team 

Later, the coach ran nail the tram 
back into a circle and ask those who 
are not confident (whether not 
confident in themselves or not 
confident in other players in the 
team) to name one thing that 
someone else in the tram could do 
to help him fed more confident 
Very often it works out that the 
person who riajm* to be confident 
in himself but not in his colleagues 
is the person who has the most 
requests from other players. Even- 
tually, though, it is best to end the 
discussion with each person having 
agreed to do one specific thing 
differently, to bdp one or more 
other team members. 

In tins way, each person leaves 
the meeting wife an enhanced sense 
of connectedness and commit- 
ment— partly because be has ex- 
pressed what he needs and obtained 
a promise that that need will be met, 
and partly because he has agreed to 
do something which he knows is 
going to help at least one other team 
member play better. This sense of 
connectedness, commitment and, 
indeed, of control is confidence. 
*Team Spirit : The Elusive Experi- 
ence, by John Syer (to be published 
on November 24, Kmgswood Press, 
£12.95 )l 


Close call for Eton 

By George Chesterton 

Typical of many closely con- excellent s 
tested school matches this week Jenki ns, 
was Eton's 2-1 win over forward. 
BradfiehL Eton went ahead after Higgo pu 

25 minutes through a goal from twice whe 
Austin. Biadfiekl equalized just kkr wit 
before half-time from a free through Cc 
kick. The Etonians increased the second equ 
pressure in the second half and last five mi 
after a series of near misses Shrewsbi 
Marcq scored the decider with a ran, were : 
shot from 15 yards. first from i 

Eagarazzi, of Anfmgly, scored by Johnson 
in the early stages of the match back stn 
against Winchester. Despite i ac re lk s , t 
great pressure and a header by tain scored 
Pollard which hit the crossbar, powerful di 
Winchester could not find the vem goalke 
cmalizer. The Noi 

Wellingborough scored a late schools sid 
goal to earn a 1-1 draw against schools a 
Westminster and followed up Grammars 
with another hard-fought draw been sdecie 
against Forest. NORTHERN Ml 

Another goaDess draw was the gP? "* 1 ”* P* 
result of another enthralling 
contest between Charterhouse Pou™uBo*oh 
and Highgate. Highgate had £ wbm> ra 
some good chances, and their 
goalkeeper. Boligho. made three tararabury). 

excellent saves from shots by 
Jenkins, the Charterhouse 

Higgo pm Lancing in the lead 
twice when they entertained 
KES Witky. K£S replied 
through Cope and Cowley, the 
second equalizer coming in the 
last five minutes. 

Shrewsbury, visiting Mat- 
ron, were two goals down, the 
first from a penalty converted 
by Johnson-Marshali, but came 
back strongly to draw. 
LasceUes. the Shrewsbury cap- 
tain. scored the equalizer with a 
powerful drive giving fee Mal- 
vern goalkeeper no chance. 

The Northern Independent 
schools side to play Southern 
schools at Wolverhampton 
Grammar School on Sunday has 
been selected. 

Cmnhaw (Hubna GS), R Langford. 
(Wohrcrhanraor* GS), P A8en (VVotver 
hampton GS). M BOdm. (Batten GSL S 
Pound, (Bofcon GS). D Owen (Baton GS), 
D WBotts (Barton GSV D Anderson 
(RflfJton). S Duckett (OEGS). O Ommofl 
tOfeGS). N MdUnisa (QEGS). M Griffith* 


Dartford’s difficult task 

By Gordon Allan 

D artford have a particularly 
difficult assignment in the 
fourth round of the McCarthy 
and Stone indoor club 
championship tomorrow . They 
face Cyphers, from Becke nham, 
who have won this competition 
twice and been runners-up once 
in the last 10 years. 

Both clubs had a first-round 
bye. Since then, the Cyphers 
have beaten Old Coulsdon and 
Croydon, and Dartford have 
beaten Lewisham and Deangate 
Ridge. Tomorrow's winners 
play either Falaise. from Has- 
tings, or Preston, from Brighton, 
in the last 16 on January 17. 

All four of Cyphers’ skips — 
Andy Thomson, Terry Hepped, 
Gary Smith and Dave Crocker 

— have played for England. 
Thomson was sixth in the 
Commonwealth Gaines singles 
in the summer. The club's 
reputation as one of the most 
competitively-minded in the 
south-east, is weU-fonnded. 

North Walsham, the holders, 
play Wymondham Ded -They 
met at the same stage last season 
when North Walsham won by 
five shots. Stanley, the Durham- 
based chib, and Paddington — 
both semi-final losers last 
April — play Cumbria and 
Bounds Grom respectively. In 
the west, Cbtswold, Tony 
Allcock's Stroud dub who beat 
Clevedon a fortnight ago, hope 
to continue in the same vein 
against Non ha von, from 

Law Report November 21 1986 

Queen’s Bench Divisional Court 

Tribunal broke own rules North Sea tax relief denied Irrelevant who was 

in dismissing school nurse 

-.Regina v South Glamorgan 
' Health Authority, JEx parte 

Before Mr Justice Russefi 
[Judgment November 20] 

■ A disciplinary tribund of a 
health authority winch bad db- 

- missed for professional miscon- 
duct a school nurse ft employed, 

•_ having roadbed its decision on 
the balance of probabilities, was 
.in breach of ns own roles of 
procedure which expressly pro- 
vided the tribunal to approach 
"" such matters applying the crim- 
inal standard of proof namely 

- proof beyond reasonable doubt. 

■ • . - Consequently, the decision to 

- dismiss, which was sub- 
seqttemty varied to a formal 

- written warning and recom- 
mendation that the nurse should 

rjjot be employed by the health 

..--authority in a capacity that 
t " would bring her into cot tact 

- with children under 16 years 
old, were of no effect. 

, : . Mr Justice Russell so beld in 
...the Queen's Beneh Division 

•’ 'when ne granted a declaration in 

. . the applicant’s favour in such 
terms with the effect that the 
decision of the appeal commit- 
tee of fee South Glamorgan 

/ Health Authority made on 
. !. September 4, 1985, and ratified 
-■ by letter on October 18, uphedd- 
jog a complaint against the 
.. applicant that she bad been. 
J -guilty of professional nriscon- 
;duct, couw not stand. 

' Mr Gerard Wright, QC and 
-“Mr Malcolm Bishop for die 
•• applicant; MrAdrian Whitfield, 
1’. QC and Miss Nicola Davies for 

- fee health authority. 

. feat fee appticaat, a State 
Registered Nurse, and a Roman 
—Catholic who opposed abortion, 
i .was employed by fee health 

• .authority as a school nurse and 
; jamong her duties vnxc the 



In Excomm Lxd v Guam 
; Guam Shipping (Pte} ltd (2®r 
Times November J8).the.sdik> 
iters for Excomm were Middle- . 
'ton Tons & ' Co, ■ and not: 

Richards Baxter. 

advising and counselling of stances winch gave rise” to any 
pupils and teachers on health complaint, 
and hygiene matters attire sbool Both the health-authority and 

she worked in. the tribunal concluded that 

A complaint was made to the . professional misconduct was 
authority that she bad fried to committed by the applicant on 
bring pressure rm a child at. the the evidence on proof of the 
school, approaching 15 years, balance of probabilities. 

whom sire believed might be . . . . . 

pregnant, into not having an Mr Whitfield pointed out that 
abortion, which was allegedly there were many cases mvoWmg 
contrary to the child’s and her Knous c on sequences to the 
mother’s wishes. individual where proof on the 

The applicant mainrawierf b a l an ce erf probab il i ti es was 

m r a— gnffifi wi l' cpp mrmvnnU- u 

that die was acting 
her professional ret 

sufficient: see, for example /? v 
Hampshire County Council. Ex 

tteTdnti£ iTcmm«5iDg ^ EUcrmn <[1985] t WLR 
and advising children at the 74 ?£ ** *° .ftstin- 

school; and that the child had guidi between the fact-finding 
told her when interviewed wife process land fee process as to 
a friend in attendance that she- 11,181 Jtwgnrent - r - - 
did not want an abortion. His Lordship said that in tire 

Before the hearing of the light of tbe plain wording of the 
authority's appeal committee, nues,. ft was incumbent on fee 
neither the parents of the child tribunal to approach its task on 
or tbe riiTs friend gave ev- the criminal standard of proof 
idence. The tribunal had not whereas it was common ground 
invited the friend to attend nor that ft had adopted the cavil 
ft had oAm a statement from standard. 

The disripfinary 'raocedure 
fee tribunal as to what had enjoined ihetnbunal in 

traospticdiP the mtervtew. ^ terms to have 

f dr Wn ght regard to the evidence of in- 

raiblic- law dement, that fee The tribunal's decision was 

her rights flawed by ns fedore toj teqrct 
SoounsdHng the child who was foe attendamof fee gnTs 
of sufficient age and under- friend at its hearing, and .m the 

standing to be abfe to appreciate fitflure to obtain a statement 
the Drt&tems of abortion, and froni. her, since fee was m a 
fear to dismissal by the health Jjosfeon ito **»*“4**«»^ 

authority was mad* in the non had 

Inland Revenue Conunis- 
sfoners v Mohfl North Sea Ltd 
Before Lord Justice Lawton, 
Lord Justice Lloyd and Lord 
Justice Baicombe 
[Judgment November 19] 

Fbr the purposes of petroleum 
revenue lax, expenditure in- 
curred on the construction of a 
North Sea oil platform foiled to 
qualify for tbe allowance known 
as “supplement” under section 
I U(7)ofthe Finance Act 1981. 
The relevant expenditure was 
not within that provision be- 
cause ft had not been incurred 
“in pursuance of* a contract 
entered into before January 1, 
1981, and fens fefl to be 
disallowed by virtue of section 
111(1) of the Act. 

Tbe Court of Appeal so bdd 
in a reserved judgment dismiss- 
ing an appeal- by Mobil North 
Sea Lid from the derision of Mr 
Justice Hannan in the Chancery 
Division (The Times December 
9, 1985; [1986] 1 WLR 296) 

Mobil North Sea Lid was 
riven leave to appeal to the 
House of Lords. 

Mobil was involved in oil 
ex tra ction from the North Sea. 
In 1972 the British Government 
grante d it a licence to win oil 
from a specified block feat 
formed a part of the Beryl Field. 

In 1979 Mobil contracted wife 
Bechtel for the construction Of 
oil extraction installations in 

that field. 

In 1981 Bechtel, acting as 
Mobil's agent, entered into three 
separate contracts wife other 
construction co m pan i es for tbe 
provision of three topside mod- 

exeeetse of its rights as a btttfth 

service at hrae- 
EEs Lordship 

said that fee 

therefore Med to comply wife 
its own rules. 

Although fee applicant had 

urge nt case was not an excep- - resigned from her post sojon 
non to fee law as bid down in . after the dearion of fee tribunal. 

Ex parte &akh, bat, despite the fee consequences <rftbe findings 
opposition of Mr Whitfield, the against her remained serious; 

would be allowed w pro- her record -still carried the 
ceed as if begun by writ: see findings against her and fee 
Order 53, rule 9(5) onhc roles of penalty. ; • - 

the Supreme Court : 

.The tribunal had as itsgu ide- 
fipas a disciplinary procedure 
which provided feii .au disci-. 
pimar y .action was, very' nn- 
poriant » the indivxmial and 
rift “there should, therefore, be 
a6 room for reasonable doubt as. . 
io tbe whole of.feo.rireum- 

The ui^oJarities in proce- 
dure in fee present case .were 
serious enough for the court to 
exercise its discretion in ber 
favour to gram a declaration. 

Solicitors:; Mrs M. T. A. 1 
Curran, Canfiffi Hardwicfces, 

the end of 1982 Mobil had 
incurred expenditure of some 
.£232 ^ minion on the comple- 
tion of the installations. 

In respect of die expenditure 
Mobil claimed entitlement 10 
expenditure supplement at 35 

per cent tinder provisions in the 

Oil Taxation Act 1975. as 
amended by section 19 of the 
Finance (No 2) Act 1979. The 
riaim was refused. 

-The Revenue contended feat 
section 111(1) of the Finance 
Act 1981 applied to reduce lo nil 
fee percentage of costs allowed 
for deduction as supplement in 
computing fee amount of petro- 

leum revenue tax chargeable on 
oD won. 

The special commissioners, 
allowing Mobil's appeal against 
that refusal, held feat section 
1 1 1(1) did not apply because tbe 
expenditure fefl within section 
111(7) whereby “Subsection (1) 
... not disqualify any 
expenditure ... which is in- 
curred before 1 January 1983 in 
pursuance of a contract entered 
mio before 1 January 1981”. 
The Gown's appeal against the 
commissioners' derision was 
upheld by Mr Justice Harman. 

Mr Robert Alexander, QC 
Mr Peter Leaver and Mr Ste- 
phen Allcock for Mobil; Mr 
Christopher Clarke, QC and Mr 
Ian Gfick for the Gown. 

said that tbe issue was whether 
Mobil as a participator in the 
development of Hock 9/ 13 A, 
should have certain expenditure 
incurred by it brought into 
account when tbe Revenue 
came to assess its liability for 
petroleum revenue tax. 

Tbe expenditure was incurred 
by MOltil between January 1981 
and January 1983. If it was 
incurred “in pu rs uan ce of” a 
contract entered into before 
January 1981 ft could be 

brought into account, but not 

Mobil submitted that it was 
incurred in pursuance of a 
contract which it had made wife 
Bechtel in July 1979. 

The Revenue’s esse was that 
it was inclined in pursuance of 
contracts made after January 
1981 between Bechtel and a 
number of suppliers, particu- 
larly of topside modules. 

Mr Alexander sad that since 
Motel was obliged by the 19?9 
contract to reimburse Bechtel 
for whatever it paid om in 
respect of allowable expen- 
diture, when it did so it was 
incurring expenditure “in 

pursuance of” that contract. It 

paid the money to Bechtel 
because it had to do so by the 

In the ordinary usage of 
inwjpiag* fee payments were 
made “in pursuance of” a 
contract If, Mr Alexander said, 
contrary to what he submitted, 
it was permissible to use a 
synonym such as “undo”, as 

Mr Justice Hannan had thought 
ft was, for the words “in 
pursuance of the payments 
were made “under” fee 1979 

Parliament, Mr Alexander ar- 
gued, had wanted to encourage 
exploration and by providing 
for the; supplement ft had done 
so. It would have appreciated 
that oil companies undertaking 
exploration work would have to 
budget for years ahead and 
could only do so on the basis 
feat their fiscal obligations 
would not alter substantially in 
the period covered by the bud- 

Section 1 1 1(7), he said, ^ve 
effect to that policy as it 
protected expenditure qualify- 
ing for supplement to which a 
participator bad committed 
himself before January 1981. 

His Lordship said that when 
construing the relevant p a rts of 
section lil(7) it was necessary 
to start by considering fee word 
“expenditure”. To qualify for 
supplement the expenditure had 
to be, inter alia, for acquiring an 
asset to be used for the statutory 
purpose. The nexus between 
expenditure and asset helped to 
identify fee contract in pursu- 
ance of which fee expenditure 
was incurred. 

Most of fee expenditure in 
issue was incurred in acquiring 
three topside modnles. In pursu- 
ance of which contracts were 
they acquired? The answer was 
dearly fee contracts which 
Bechtel made as Mobil's agent 
after January 1981. 

Bechtel, of course, would not 
have made those contracts but 
for its obligations and rights 
under tbe 1979 contract- That 
contract was fee reason why fee 
asset-acquiring expenditure was 
incurred but it was not incurred 
in pursuance of it. 

That conclusion was based on 
tbe ordinary meaning of fee 
words “in pursuance of. Had ft 
been necessary to adjudge feat 
“under” was a synonym for “in 
pursuance of it should be held 
that it was. 

Lord Justice Lloyd and Lord 
Justice Baicombe delivered 
concurring judgments. 

Solicitors: Knapp-Fishera; 
Solicitor of Inland Revenue. 

unfit diver 

Smith v Mellons and Another 
Before Lord Justice Croom- 
Johnson and Mr Justice Peter 

[Judgment November 19] 

Where two occupants of a 
motor vehicle were charged, as 
participants to a joint enter- 
prise, wife the principal offence 
of driving after consuming ex- 
cess alcohol, it was unnecessary 
for the prosecution to establish 
which drove the vehicle and 
which aided and abetted the 
driving, provided feat it could 
be proved that each occupant 
was guilty either because he was 
driving or because be aided and 
abetted fee driving 

In such a case, however, it was 
necessary for fee prosecution to 
establish that both occupants 
knew or were reckless that the 
other was unfit to drive. 

Tbe Queen's Beach Di- 
visional Court so held, dismiss- 
ing an appeal by case stated by 
fee prosecutor, Alan Oliver 
Smith, against fee decision of 
Chesterfield Justices on Feb- 
ruary 12, 1986, whereby they 
dismissed informations against 
Christopher Alan Mellon and 
James Soar alleging contraven- 
tions of section 6{lXa) of the 
Road Traffic Act 1972, as 
substituted in Schedule 8 to the 
Transport Act 1981. 

Mr Gregory Dickinson forthe 
prosecutor; Mr Michael Dudley 
lor Mellor, Mr Peter Joyce for 

JOHNSON said that the justices 
found that at 3J0am on Feb- 
ruary 7. 1985, police officers saw 
a stationary car on a building 
she to which access could only 
have been gained by public 

The car doors were open and 
fee defendants, the only occu- 
pants of fee car, were seen 
running from it. They were 
taken to fee police station. 

Both had breath/alcohol lev- 
els above fee prescribed limit. 
Each said that fee other had 
been driving. 

Both were charged wife the 
offence under section 6 as 

principals in accordance wife 
section 44 of the Magistrates' 
Courts Act 1980 on fee basis 
either that Mellor had been 
driving and Soar bad aided and 
abetted the offence, or vice 

The justices acceded to tbe 
submission on behalf of the 
defendants feat there was no 
case to answer because fee 
prosecutor had foiled to prove 
who had been driving. 

It was dear that either defen- 
dant could be charged as a 
principal notwithstanding that 
he was only a passenger, provid- 
ing that it could be proved that 
as a passenger he was aiding and 
abetting tbe other. 

Tbe justices were wron&to say 
that the prosecutor had to prove 
which of the defendants drove 
and which aided and abetted. 

It was open to justices to 
convict both defendants as prin- 
cipals in respect of an offence 
under section 6, where the 
circumstances compelled the 
coon to find that both were 

equally guilty regardless of who 

was fee driver and who was 

being driven. 

It was correctly submitted for 
fee defendants feat the identity 
of tbe driver was irrelevant only 
if fee defendants were involved 
in a joint enterprise and both 
knew that fee other was unfit to 
drive through drink. 

There was no direct evidence 
of either defendant's state of 
knowledge of the other's fitness 
to drive. 

Tbe justices were of fee 
opinion that it was unreason- 
able to infer that both defen- 
dants were aware that the other 
had consumed excess alcohol. 

His Lordship was unable to 
conclude that fee justices were 
not entitled to come to feat 
conclusion on fee evidence and 
in those circumstances fee ap> 
peal would be dismissed. 

Mr Justice Peter Pain deliv- 
ered a concurring judgment. 

Solieitore: Crown Prosecution 
Service, Derby. R- Anthony 
Cleaver. Thompson & Co, 
Alfreion; Rice & Co, Chester- 

eig-'? ftssi?3 : « §asg»> 



Talented Fergy Foster 
to make long journey 
pay off in BMW Final 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

Fogy Foster, trained by 
Arthur Stephenson near 
Bishop Auckland in Co Dur- 
ham, can justify his long 
journey south to Newbury 
today by winning the BMW 
Series Final Chase. 

Although my selection has 
never raced over Anther than 
2% miles, there is every reason 
to suppose that today's dis- 
tance of three miles will suit 
him; firstly because of his style 
of racing, secondly on account 
of his pedigree, which is 
packed with stamina. 

Every bit at ease on the 
prevailing soft ground as be is 
on good, Fergy Foster was a 
most impressive winner of a 
handicap chase at Newcastle 
last Saturday. That result fol- 
lowed an equally convincing 
win over the same course and 
distance last month. In that 
sort of form, Fergy Foster will 
be very hard to beat, even 
under top weight. 

With Lewesdon Prince 
entering the fray without a 
previous race, the pick of 
Fergy Foster's opposition 
could be Fit 2 herbert and Rig 
Steel. The latter ran quite well 
on the course recently when 
runner-up to Burnt Oak, a 
winner since, while Fitz- 
herbert comes on from a good 
win in the West Country. 

With the first six of the four- 
day acceptors for the Nutripet 

Handicap Hurdle all dropping 
by the wayside yesterday, the 
weights have gone up suf- 
ficiently to allow Tenzing to 
race from off bis real rating. 

So, fresh from a morale- 
boosting win over hurdles at 
Huntingdon last Saturday 
which should have done his 
confidence no end of good 
after (ailing to get round in 
two steeplechases this season, 
Tenzing can make his light 
weight tell, not to mention his 

Over two miles, I would 
fancy Juven Light but such is 
his aggressive style of racing 
that i cannot help wondering 
whether he will last this far. In 
the circumstances Tenzing 
could easily have more to fear 
from the Sandown winner. 
Vino Festa, whose form was 
given a timely boost when 
Jimpanze won last Saturday. 
Pegwdl Bay and Panto Prince 
should both be sharper for 
their promising first runs of 
the season. 

No matter how Pegwell Bay 
performs, his trainer, Tim 
Forster, and jockey, Hywd 
Davies, should win the Jacfcy 
Upton Handicap Chase with 
Bdgrore Lad. An out-and-out 
mudlark, Belgrove Lad will 
find the conditions underfoot 
to his liking. 

In the circumstances, I 
think that he should cope with 

Premier Charlie and Voice Of 
Progress, although they fin- 
ished just in front of him at an 
earlier meeting. They had run 
before whereas he had not 

FoiteUQf another who did 
well on the Flat when the 
ground was soft, and the easy 
Sandown winner, Gbo&r, are 
taken to win the two divisions 
of the Freshman’s Novices’ 

The best bet on the card, 
though, should be the recent 
Devon winner. Conquering, 
who is napped to beat Geata 
An Uisce in the Oanfield 
Conditional Jockeys’ Handi- 
cap Chase. 

At Ayr, I envisage Geordic 
Dun landing a double on Last 
Grain (1.30) and Modtech 
(3.0) and Phil Tuck perhaps 
emulating him by winning on 
Domra Farina (2.0) and Centre 
Attraction (3 JO). 

In my opinion. Dun's best 
chance lies with Last Grain in 
the EBF Novices' Hurdle 
Qualifier while Donna Farina 
would appear to be Tuck's 
leading hope in the Racing 
Post Handicap Hurdle. 

The best bet on the Scottish 
course, however, should be 
Dutch Lord to retain his 
unbeaten record over fences in 
the Drybridge Novices' Chase. 
He could not have been more 
impressive than be was first 
time out at Sedgefield- 

Gold Bearer (right) jumps the last in the Luttesr m Hands 
Classified. But both were overhauled on the ren-in by the last- 

Chase at Kempton yesterday with a dear lead over 

Swimmer relishes his hew role 

Swimmer, a winner on the 
Flat at Ascot last month, gained 
an impressive 15-length success 
on his hurdling debut at 
Kempton Park yesterday. De- 
spite drifting from 5-4 to 3-1 
before the Motorway Novices* 
Hurdle, Swimmer took up the 
running approaching the turn 
for home and only had to be 
pushed out to beat Road To 

The performance came as no 
surprise to the winning trainer, 
Geoff Huffer. who said: “He 
worked well with Humberside 
Lady after racing at Huntingdon 

on Saturday and is very, garnet. 
We*U give him a further ran in a 
novice event and then rest him 
until February when well start 
to take things seriously." ■ 

Buffer added that Humber- 
side Lady win reappear in the 
Gerry Feilden Hurdle at 
Newbury tomorrow then come 
to Kempton for the Christmas 
Hurdle on Boxing Day. He 
plans to send her over fences in 
the New Year with the Artie 
Chase at the nieh^iyim Festi- 
val her long-term objective. 

With an eye to the future, the 
day’s most significant perfor- 



By Mandarin 

Guide to onr in-line racecard 

0-0432 TMESFORM fCH£F) (Mrs J Rytoy) B Ha« B-104 . 

B Wot(4) M. 

mance was that of this jeart 
Grand National third. Classi- 
fied, who van well to take third 
behind Castle Warden in the 
Lutteur m Handi c ap Chase. 

A dehgbted Nicky Henderson 
said: “The horse is as- big. as a 
bull and looks as though he is 
suffering from mi ddle . age 
spread. Everything will be 
planned with the National in 

Stan Mellor; in fine form at 
present, knrf"H a 15-1 double . 
with Whiskey Eyes and Oryx 
Minor, both ridden by Guy 

1 atiHan 

Haydock results 

Racecard number. Draw In brackets. Stx-figura and d te t an ca waxier. BP-beamt favourite hi burnt 
form (F-teil p-puBed up. u-tnseated rider. B- race). Owner in bracttats. Trahxr. Age and 
brought down. S-sEpped up R-mtuaed). Hone's weidit Rfctor plus any aflowance. The Times 
rtanw(B-UH«fs- V-visor. H-hood. E-Eyeshtefcl C~ Private HaraScappar's rating. Approx ima te Martha 
D-dtetenco wmner. CD-courae 

Going: good to soft 

. factor plus any aft 
i Handeapper’s rating. 

Approx ima te starttag 

1.00 ForceUo. 

130 CONQUERING (nap). 

2.00 Fergy Foster. 

2.30 Tenzing. 

3.00 Belgrove Lad. 
3 30 Ghofar. 

230 NUTRIPET HANDICAP HURDLE (£4,400: 2m 4f 120yd) (12 runners) 

407 2I30D-1 VMO FESTA (lire R Psrtdnst S Christian 7-11-7 *WHf 

Michael Seely's selection: 2.00 FERGY FOSTER (nap). 

Going: soft (chase course); heavy (hurdles) 

1.0 FRESHMAN’S NOVICE HURDLE (Dtv h 3-Y-O: £1,875: 2m 100yd) (16 runners) 





ARASTOU (W MuNns) J Francome 114 

00 CHATTERSPARK (D HoskX^ S DOi* 114 

EAGLE DESTINY (Siux UK LW) R Hannon 114 

eram 1 n jp^ Plr[ a Balitwj m 


. RRowa 

CCtnatea Jonas 

0 Hiinirv 


KMG JACK (J Loot) N Henderson 114_ 

S Snatb Ecctoa 


iriM^-RraiipranFfMMniiM) n NMaitam iiji 

R Dutwoody 


I^TS OF TIME (NVs H Dare/) C Vernon Mffler 114 


UflllBAnAIHA Mira- f Amnhimfl n BiMwfti 11 J1 

p n, lira tel 



03 MYSIBIY CLOCK (B) (Mm» L Towroend) P Briey 114 — 



nmUlinpPam^.lternM11JI . ... 


PRWK (W Wlgtoman) W VWgMiiitoi 114 

H Harrington 





302 RICMAR (B) (Mas WHawanOJ JenMns 114 

000 RIVERS NB>HEW (Ms) N Hsmtaro) L Kannanl 114 

RUE ST JACQUES (D Making B Smart 114 

SAFFAN (F Stan) M Pfce 114 


D Hood (7) 
P Scudnraore 

407 21300-1 

408 O0FD44- 

409 P1 12/43- 

410 313-2 

411 22300-3 

413 2120- 

414 14100- 

415 3P1243- 

417 000020- 

418 3120-0 
421 U42-HJ1 
423 OIOFOO- 

VBIO FESTA (Mrs R Parians) S Christian 7-11-7 

JOY RIDE (C Cowley) J King 6-11-4 

MOOB. PUPL (Ntond & Tteacy Co LM) O OTteH 6-11-4 

PEGWELL BAY (C) (Ma( A Bartow) T Forster 5-11-3 

PAKTO PRINCE (Mrs L WBnwi) L Kavtofd 5-11-1 

BATTLE KING (Mn O Bedtflngton) F WHsr 5-10-12 

JUVEN LIGHT (R DOej) R AkStaMt 5-10-12 

BRASS CHANGE (C) (N GoodRff) I Dudgeon B-lO-11 

JADE AND DIAMOND (R Lavata) G BafeSng 6-100 

CELTIC FLAME (Mrc □ Godfrey) P Harris S-1 0-8 

TENZINQ (R E A Boti Lid) O Sherwood 6-104 (Sox) 

GENERAL CHHYSON <C) (M ParaOCOS) J Grtord 6-100— 

H Mts 

B Pawed 

— P Sc a d — n« i 
. S SmUb Eoctas 

M rOchardn 

_ A Chariton (7) 

• B Stonge 

— SSbaMood 
RHowa ■ 

94 3-1 
90 12-1 

87 — 

88 5-1 
97 7-1 

• 99 RM 

198S: sounds JUBILEE S-IO-3 R Rowa (9-1) J Gifford IS ran 

BASICALLY BETTBt (V) (Bloodstock & Stud Co Ltd) P Welwyn 10-8 — D Bi 
1S8& STATE DIPLOMACY 11-7 S Sherwood (64 tav) J JenMns 18 mn 

showed improved (arm on West start when 7%l 3rd to L B Laughs (1 0-1 0) at Tcmcester (2m, £685, good, Nov 
IK 18 ran). 

Sstection: RKUAR 

(4 runners) 

202 1F211/1 CONQUERING (p)(Nk3 MVatorttoaJF Writer 6-11-12 (5ax) G Landau •9BF4-6 

203 241/30-1 GEATA AN USCE (D) (R Denny) T Forster 8-11-8 (Sex) LHanmy 98 2-1 

204 P22-300 LOLLWOPMAN (M Jarvis) J OU 10-11-3 CUnmOjn 95 5-1 

205 820-0PF MEMBRBGE (P Dutosee) P Dufosee 11-10-10 JHwt — 8-1 

1985: US80NEY HU. 9-104 M Bosley (6-1) T Forster 7 ran 

3J> JACKY UPTON HANDICAP CHASE (£3,095: 2m 4f) (5 rumors) 

501 OMP-13 VOICE OF PROGRESS (CDiBF) (M Vfcstey) D Mchotron 8-i t— 10" RDonvroodJr 92 5-2 

506 204041 ADMBIAL'S CUP <B£} (RE A SOttLARF Winter 8-10-6 (6«X}_ PS cade um S0P6-4 

507 P1PM4 BELQROVE LAD (CO) (S Salisbury) T Forster 6-10-3 HDavtos •» 62 

508 3234-04 THE COUNTY STONE (CPHHIS A ThytoOUssJ Thorne 9-104 KMoonay 91 8-1 

509 032-332 PREMHt CHAMJE (D) (F Lipacomb) M KnchMte 8-10-0 — ■ — .91-7-2 

198S: GARVH) OPAL 7-114 BdeHean (74) F Whiter 6 ran 

CADM PRBWERCHAIUJE (10-^ DnWied 41 aid lo Maiya Mai (104) with cauraeapectetot VOICE OF 
runm PROGRESS (12-2) a further*! back in 3rd and BELGROVE LAD (10-7) anoltier 21 behind in 4th, 
hem (2m 41. £311 1 . good, Nov 5. 7 raid. VOICE OF PROGRESS previously (10-11) but W Sbc Tame 00-7)121 
wtttiADiinAL , SCw(10-7)a 38t6Di. here (2m 4f, £5990, good, Oct 24, 7r»i) ! ADHRAL’S CUP hat Wice{11' 

3l 0 (2m 4f IldM 1. WITHY BANK (R 
T); 3. A cereat B (K Cotter. 2S-1)rA. Peace 
Terns (C Deem, 6-1L ALSO RAN: 9-2 
Easons Own. 9 Rapid Bate. Glen Maw, 

8) beaten Western Sunset (11 -6) at Devon (2m tf.ES22B.soH.Nov11.4nto). BELQROVE LAD lwtaaa8on(11- 
3) beet Edi© Sounder (104) 2L, here Km 41, £3007. good. Mar 21. 8 ran). THE COUNTY STONE was below 
form behind Von T rapp e recently but vans tost season indudeda(124)2VUbe8tingofPae-CocfcAda{104)at 
Wincanton Bm. £1773. good to soft, Jan 24, 6 ran). 


130 FRESHMAN’S NOVICE HURDLE (Div II: 3-Y-O: £1,873: 2m 100yd) (13 runners) 

Eanons Oeon. 9 Rapid Beat. Glen Maya, 
Quickstep (put Trauma (ttht, 25 
Chmnad. Bflss MafeioHSld (Sttfl.33 Nkra 
Vatador, Arnberwel. Hyde. Gamfcn. Sov- 
ereigns binge (0, Decanter*. 19 ran. NR: 
Agra KiSgffia, 121. 71, % IttL M H 
Eastertw at Great Hatton. Tote; £ 3 .20: 
£1.30, £1 JO, E&80. £1 JO. DF* £550. 
CSF: £15.06. Tricsst: £220.01. 

FORM CONQUERING (10-1) was wefl supported in the market when beating Tteo Coppers (1143) on 
rvnin first run for over a year at Devon ram If. ran). GEATA AN USCE (9-13) 
beat Pmoe Carton (11-71 i»r in a compeUttve Whxlaor chan (3m. £2587. good. Nov 8, 11 ran). 
LOUJP0MAN (94) best effort on seasonal debut when 1113rd to SwWt Royato (104) at Newton AbbotCZm 5f, 
£2827. soft Aug 26. 7 ran). MEABRHJGE (10-8) only completed outing this season a bad 6th toStitebe Daugh- 
ter (114) at FontwoO (2m 2f110y. £2152. good, Oct 21. 9ran). 


2.0 BMW SERIES FINAL HANDICAP CHASE (£10,423: 3m) (11 runners) 

302 211411 FBIOY FOSTER (FScotlbJW A Stephenson 6-1 14 (4ex) RUenb 49BF9-4 

303 3210-11 RTZHBBEHT(D) (A Font) LKennard 8-11-7 BPowei 90 7-2 

304 814FD1- LEWESDON PRINCE (D)(T Frost) SChristlai 9-114 RBeggen 99 5-1 

305 21FF22 GOLD BEARER (C) (Lady J03eph)F Whiter 6-10-13 — 96 — 

306 1-P1122 WIOGBWN (8F) (Mbs R HaB-Dante) Bfts A Hewitt 7-10-10 HWBtau 9311-4 

309 1-12U31 QUSNSWAY BOY (D)(OuaensMiy Securities Mtos A King 7-104 (4eX) A Webb 9512-1 

310 133-1F3 FELL CUMB(BJD)(CHenty)PBaaey 6-10-1 — 89 — 

311 00P-O11 VALIANT WOOD (D) (Mrs WTUta) Mrs WTUIe 6-100 G Chartee Jones 94 — 

312 12144-2 RIG STEEL [R Rodbtes) P CunOe* 6-104 A Qonaae 9712-1 

314 322123 SHGHTY DISASTER (D Hanmond) W Kan« 8-104 SShBston 87 — 

318 2U220-1 EVENMG SONG (Mrs PTownstoy) Mrs PTownstoy 7-100 MrPTmmtoy 8014-1 

1985: 1 HAVBfTALKMT 6-11-10 S Sherwood (7-4 tav) F Whiter 9 ran 


21 GHOFAR (H Dtaxtos) D Bswortti 11-7 




ASWNGTON ffltOYE (S Won® D Mtxray-Smtoi 114— 

G Bradley 

— ' — 


86 6-1 


FRAMLMGTON COURT (L'&nitli) P Walwyn 114 

D Bnxwaa 

— 13-2- 



9 HOTGEM(CBtacfcwefl] R Hannon 114 

J write 


• 99 3-1 


MONUMENTAL LAD (T Pairotq D Meholaon 114 

— 4-1' 


PAHKIES BAR (P Byrne) J Jenktoe 1 14 


— 12-1. 



PRINCE SATRE (A SpenCS) R Aketnost 114 

RUSSIAN RBJVR0N Akin) J Bator 114 

Dale McKaon (7) 



44 THE LEGGETT (Mra G Melons) L Kbnnard 114 




0 GRECMN BUST (D Hodgas) P MnMn 104 

GCtaratea Jonsa 




Gotag : good to soft 

1230 (2m if hdM 1, Lady Create (N 
Colernan. 74k 2, Soient Brens (2-1 rev); 
3. The tfte S-2L B rat a 12L R Holder. 
Tots: £450; S22D. £1.10 £230 DP:' 
£600 CSF: £10.72. Wftner bought In for 

14 (2ra if IxSej 1, Beach Ckmm <H 
Davies. 7-4 tevt 2. Handy Lane (4-lj: 3. 
Rhodette (10-1). 13 ran. Nft OW Ford 
Tavem. iftl. BL T Forster. Tote: £350 : ' 
£130. £1.10, £3:70. DF: 2360. CSF: 

150 (2»n If hrfle) 1, Fendengo Boy (C 
Hopwood, 3-Tt 2. Hepetifiva tff-Tfc 3, La 
Chula (94 lav), fl rea 20. 2JH. R Frost 
Tote: £250; 21.1ft £150. £1.40. DFr 
£550. CSP. £2452. Winner bought to for 

1989: WIDE BOY 114 B ReBy (7-1) I Baking 18 ran 

Kempton Park 

Going: good to soft 

Course specialists 

S Sherwood • 
S Smith Ecctos 
R Rowe 
B do Hun 

240 RACING POST HANDICAP HURDLE (£2^74: 2m 6f)(15 runners) 

2 21D4-41 DAD'S GAMB LE (C)(C Alexander) R Flshw 5-11-11 (4ag M Meagher 

3 3311-10 BORLEAFRASiPF) (Murray Ateoiinveswnerte Lid) DMoflen 6-11-4 JR Oaten (7) 

4 14100P- OCEANUS (R MttcheR) Denys Sfflrih 5-11-1 A Smith (7) 

5 0290-00 FORTY GRAND (N Howtey) P Chariton 5-11-1 K Cotter (7) 

35 (2m If ch 
Cheeney. 14-1 
Lord Martin (S-i 
few. 14 m nk, 
£16.40: £3.00. 
CSF: £11251. 
the resuft stooa 

— - ft n* 

Stearsby , - 

to take 

Hennessy i)’ ^ 

chance 5> 


to miss cup 

Bonecrasber, New Zealand's 
best racehorse for many years, 
wffl not' ran m Sbnday's Japan 

A stiten^ issued yesterday 
said that the here was found to 
hawe a temperature and no 
appetite although alternative re- 
ports suggest that the gelding 
suffered a bad case of inflamed 
lungs, doe to a massive viral 
attack that affected his nmsodar 

Booecrosher's absence wfil 
leave 14 mailers to contest 
Sunday's race. 

• Jenny Pitman dec^isA ^ . 
terday to ti? nnd repw 
SOTugh Hm Lad’s 1985 -vk- 
tory with Sicarsby 
H^nessy CognacJ Gold tiro at 

FinaL” she said. 

. A decisive winner at Uver- 

- pool last season; Stearsby per- 
formed with credit wten 
runner-up to Critic Save OB bis 
seasonal reappearance at 
Chepstow. “Of coarse I ancy 
him, or J wouldn’t be running 
him. Bui I'm not saying too£ 
much,- as this is the new quiet 
me," added Britain's normally 
most outspoken trainer. 

With the big-race excitement 
.mounting, David Nicn arson 

- yesterday . admitted to . being 
A>K E hrf!d with Charter Party, 
the top weight. “He's got to go 
weD,” said the trainer. Hes 
three times a winner over the 
track, loves the mud and would 

• have finished second to Galway 
Bb7B fast year if be hadn't fallen 
at the fourth from home.” ’ 

Gordon Richards, who has 
yet u>- win a Hennessy fcfrer 
seven attempts, saddles. The 
Langholm Dyer, the three- 
lengrh conqueror of Plundering 
at CheUmham recently. *^4y 
horse is in great form, but he's 
. only a comparative novice. My 
personal fancy is Charter Party 
as he jumps so well ami stays 

Jimmy Fitzgerald gave..eo~ 
courage™ ent for the backers of 
Strands OfGoid. who is fiviour- ^ 
ite at 11-2 to. repeal Galway l 
Blaze’s 12-length win last year » 
for the Malum stable. “He's got. 
a favourite's teil Z 

wouldn’t put it any Stronger 
than that,” said the trainer. 

At Haydock yesterday, 
Fitzgerald’s and Mark Dwyer’s 
remarkable run of success 
continued when Rapier Thrust 
made an impressive first 
appearance over the minor ob- 
stacles in the EBF Novices’ 
Hurdle Qualifier. 

The day’s highlights were 
Blackhawk Star’s hard-earned 
victory in the HLH Timber 
Chase and Melendez’s 15-te^th 
win in the Northern Junior 

. The four-mile chase proved to 
be a dogged battle of attrition 
between some seasoned vet- 
erans before Jayo Kinane drove 

- Blackhawk Star past the post a 

length in front of Knmbi and 
Sam Morshead. __ j 

Afterwards Rhoha Oliver was 
undecided whether the 12-year- 
old winner would be sent to 

“He became so ifl after an 
injection against the virus four 
years ago that he nearly died," 
said the trainer’s wife. “In fact 
westarted to fin in the insurance 
form. We've taken a long time 
to get him right so well just 
have. to .see bow he goes on." 

Remarkably, only Th lengths 
separated the seven runners at 
the end of the marathon. Lucky 
! Vane finished sixth and 
Corbiere, the winner of the 1983 
National, last. 

Mrs. Pitman, persisting with 
her low-key im age, commented: 
•‘Corbiere ran perfectly 
satisfactorily," rite said. “At 
long last he's reasonably handi- 
capped. And after giving him a 
Wt of hunting and a few mord/ 
races. I'm looking forward toy' 
running him in the National' 
with lOst 51b." 

Ridden for the first time by 
Jonathan Lower, Melendez was 
eventually a derisive winner of 
the three-year-old hurdle from 
Ban tel Bushy. 

“I thought the boy rode him 
weD." said the Wellington 
trainer. “That's the first time 
Peter Scudamore has not been 
available. If be comes out of this 
fresh and weD we might go to the 
Cheltenham December meeting 
for the Daily Express Triumph 
Hurdle TriaL” 

Both the handicap hurdles 
resulted, in wide-margin vic- 
tories for useful stayers on the 
Flat. Withy Bank stormed boine 
by 10 lengths to win : the 
Rainford Conditional Jockeys' /j 

» m L-lf TrTi I 

Kevin Mooney then rode Acc- 
uracy to an eight-length victory 
over . Tern in the concluding 
Coral Golden Hurdle Qualifier. 

w * 


'#y. : 


4 14100P- OCEANUS (R MBcriotf) Denys Sfflrih 5-1 1-1 

5 020040 FORTY GRAND (N Howtoy) P Oiwlton 5-11-1 

6 011100/ UGHT TRAVELLER (Mbs E Cutis) G Gnhmt 6-1D-13 

7 01210 BOfSXER PERL (Mrs V Scott Watson) Mss M Bofl 4-10-11- 

8 00014 FAAIttS (Mrs B Curtey) B Curiay 5-10-10 

10 41F0O-0 TRIPLE- VSmiHE (TGoonan) T Craig 7-108... - 

12 01440-3 DOMNA FARM* g Thomson Farms LM) Q Rtetranl* 5-10-7 

14 3302/00 BURGUNDY (C) (C Alexander) C Alexanctor 7-10-1 

15 141020/ TOPLEK3H (Mrs M Moctteitti) P Morratth 6-100 

18 021-002 CtEBIY*S BRIG (A Mastaggsn) a MactegsartS -104 

17 3000-03 TEUCS1 (R Adamson) V TTtotnpson 6-10-0. 

19 00000-0 SUSANNA (J Andrews) J Andrews 8-10-0— 

21 F2/PP44 AVANT1E (G) (Taggan & Wilson Ltd) J S VHson 10-100 _ 

1985 : No eonaxpoMting race 



By Mandarin 

M Hammond — I 12.45 Miss Apex. 1.15 Fifty Bucks. 1.45 Qurrat A1 

— to Da mil -2 | Ain. 2.15 Mount Oliver. 2.45 Kevin Evans. 3.15 
Tawridge. 3.45 Abu Kadbra. 

!r: T: h—AF'VS H 

1 ' ' "i l 

10-7 PTOefc 95F5-2 

! r J O’Ganrai (7) — — 

D Noton 

C Grant «S9 8-1 

Mr M Tbonpaoa (4 97 10-1 

. Met S Bradbonw — — 
I MBowfby (4) SO — 

Going: good to soft 

(4 runners) 

230 DRYBRIDGE NOVICES CHASE (£1,610: 3m 110yd) (11 runners) 

3 2314F-1 DUTCH LORD (D Kmghtsl Denys Smith 5-11-4 ; C Grant 


2 P4D122- QUAY MAN (B£D) (Mss E Clark) J S Wlsan 1 1-12-6 

7 024/108- STARLIGHT LAD (D) (R BetteS) P BtoCMey 12-166 

8 030200- REAVS SONG (CO) (M Naughton) M Nou^xon 12-106 

10 PI 0-000 ANOTHER FLAME (D) (Mrs P Ramison) W Storey 9-104) 

1985: No eoimixxidtng race 

M BatUbi 96 F4-7 

— N Faun 98 3-1 

D Hogg 98 6-1 

D Totter «99 8-1 

130 EBP NOVICES HURDLE (Qualifier: £1,143: 2m) (15 runners) 

1 BLACK SPUR (J Hope) C Partter 4-11-0 

3 PQP244 EAST PARK (Mrs J Waggon) F Watson 0-114 

4 FIRM P4BC6 (firs B Iteamey) Mrs G Retratoy SI 14. 

5 0 NELLOVAHOOLEY (Mrs A Inrtna Robertson) K Oliver S1 1-0 

8 040 KELLY'S MN (T Gtendrinng) D Marian Si 1-0 

6 2 LAST GRAM (BF) (bgM&ody of Hamilton LsQJ S Wlsan 4-114 — 

9 0 MRKBtBY(Mrs B Curtoyl B Curiey 4-11-0 

10 00*0 PENDLEY GOLD (Mrs H Greersnteids) M Nauctnon SI 14 I 

12 0-FO RUGGED BARON (A Barron) V Thompson Si 1-0. MrMT 

13 «Q004 TBEVHJjO (l Jordon) I Jcxdon S114 

14 WAVERLEY MU. (Ednburgh Wooden Mi Lid) G Richards 5-114... 

15 BALUSTRADE (R BethelQ P BtoOdey 4-109 

16 000000- GOLD RROFTT (W Young) W Young S10-9 

0- MISS LAKELAND (D MacDonald) D MacPonald 5-10-9 J 

StHGINQ HILLS {Mrs D MdOf) R fisher 5-10-9 Ml 

ISi&DAlTO GAMBLE 4>1(M2M Meagher (9J$ R Fisher 11 ran 

Course specialists 

B Sumy 

— C Grant 
.. PMwi(4) 

K Toslao 


D Murphy 
Thompson (4) 

P Tuck 

_ N Fean (7) 

D Noton 


4 OOF-P CHORAL SURPRISE (M Thompson) V Tharapnon S1 14 Ur K Amteraon (7) 

5 OOI/PPO- DAN ZTOR (Mrs E Robson) E Robson 8-11-0 MrTRMd 

6 3 KING KANDA(J GcxxlSeBaa) Mrs J Goodtafiow 8-114 B Storey 

8 F840-00 MARACAS BAY (Mrs J Waggon) N Wsggcct 7-114 Mn T waggon (7) 

B 40F2-44 PAieGnmtST(C Alexander) c Alexander 11-114 Mr 0 Macanggan (7) 

11 43PF23 SWEHT STREAM (M Thompson) V Thcmpaon 7-114 Mr M Thornton (4) 

12 OOPP/PU WATCHKNOWE LAD (W Young) W Young 8-14 D Natan 

15 POLAR NOMAD (James Stoddart Lid) VY A Stephenson 5-10-1 2 KJonaa 

IB P3421-F JENNIE PAT (BF) (J TTKHixjson farms Ltd) G Richards- 6-10-9 PTtefc 

17 LADY HBTLETOE (Col DGralsDJSWteon 10-104 TG Dial 

1985: TARTAN TTflUIIPH 6-11-11 P Thcfc (3-1) G Richards 4 ran 

3JW BLAGKHOUSE NOVICES HURDLE (£894: 2m 4f) {17 runners) 

82 5-1 2 u /1 F 1 HWHENT (D)(Mra c PosBcttiwrage) Mrs C Poatethw a w 6-11-2-^ DDtrtton 

— 94 4 2P04-13 LACHJAR (D) (Mrs E Seagrawe) J H Jqnnaon 6-1 1 -2 R Earasnaw 

— — 5 020-1 M0O7ECX (j Martin Engineers Ltd) J S Wilson 5-11-2 TGDoa 

81 12-t 6 OOOP11- ADEN APOLLO (J Son) T crag 5-10-10 - SCIltottMl 

«FW 7 422323- KAKER(G Lowe) M Naughton 6-10-10 MHamond 

— — 9 UO BUSTED SPRING (WeJOng EngSws LW) J S Wilson 5-1 MO MrDMactaggart(7) 

8010-1 ii 0 CLEVBt FOLLY (N Msuo) G moiards 6-10-10 — PTncfc 

— — 14 004004 KELLCATMUDWRESTLER (W McGrteJ W MoGtue 5-10-10 J I tow n 

8810-1 16 00U- JAY DOUBLE YOU (J Mjriusson) J S WUron 5-1D-1Q MBmiftqrH) 

— 12-1 17 0 LOCK If POP [Mra J Johnston) J Gouhang 6-MMO JConkflng 

19 FM304 MAJOR ROUGE (B) (J Hardman) J cnartun 4-10-10 P Dennla(4) 


20 0 OAKGROVE (U-Cte L MontMM) P MontMti 4-10-10 D Nolan 

21 00- OLDKWGCOiero OorfingjD Daring 6-10-I0 BSteny 

27 044 SERdADES (V Thompson) V TTwn^son 5-ttMO — ™ — . — Mr MThonnoo(4) 

30 FALCON CRAG (D MacDonald) 0 MacDonald 5-10-5 JKKtaaw 

32 000004 GOOOFEULOWS FOLLY IS Watson) I Jordon 8-10-5 COM 

33 PARADISE RAMBLE (R McDonald) R McDonald 5-10-5—.- CHtmUto 

1905: SMALL NOBLE 5-114 K Jonas (4-1 jl-tw) W A Stephenscxi 22 ran- 




Jin*Tiy FtogwaW 
mh Eaatortry 















C Grant 






TG Dun 










C Hawkins 


Onfy QuoSfwre 



130 CULZEAN HANDICAP CHASE (£1,931: 2m 4f) (5 runners). - 

3 11P4T2 CENTRE ATTRACT5CN (BF) (Mrs V Masorf) C ftOWTOH 7*1 1-11 ftex) PTnck 85F5-4 

4 32-ra3P CLONRCCHE STTSAM (UTfiORto»n)V THampson 7-104. Hr M Ttionp*xi(4) 97 8-1 

6 2F04-13 HAGGEE Cm. (Mf& M Whiteman) Deny) Snwti 7-10-T C Grant 099 11-8 

- 7 0244-40 WAR0S0»T(B)(RTberaara)TCutMw1 6-104 B Storey 9410-1 

8 23-3=24 HOLD OFF (Mas H HanBion) Mbs H Hamiton 9-104 - — 9412-1 

1S85: No eeirespandlng raea 

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. -c; " k"* 

— ■ ;■ ;••;■• • •' • ^ ■ the times Friday November 21 1986 


A Tour of 
becomes a 

By John WHcockson 

British cycling enthusiasts 
have dreamed for many years 
that, one day, they would see the 
world's top professionals 
contesting an event like the 
Tour de France. That dream is 
now dose to fruition, as we 
learned yesterday over breakfast 

king the most 

her instinct 

iftom Sritamar Sen. Boxing Correspondent Las Vagan 

Heavyweight boxing . could persuasive,’' he says. Of hype 
be starting ajourney back to fie says: * Why be verbose tfl 
gtx)d °kf days” of two- can winr He is happiest in 
fisted fighters when an un- the company of his 75 pigeons 
k* 01 ^ kndwn ffl- hack in the Catskills. TdoK 

year-old Near Yorker,- Mike keep them for racing,” he says. 


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him through the last three of 
the eight contests in this series 
to unify the three world titles,' 
he could become as big a 
phenomenon as Muhammad 
AH, who, as Cassius Gay, - 
changed the course of boxing 
22 years ago. 

Tyson's manager Jim Jar 
cobs, a respected-boxing his- 
torian, says: “Mike has been, 
living boxing since he was 13. 
He has an inaudible sense of 
boxing history and recognizes 
his place in it,” One can 
appreciate Tyson's view when 
one realizes that for his first 

froze. Those who get. in with 
Tyson turn into ice cubes.” 
Tyson is amused by the 
reaction of his opponents, 
especially when he recalls that 
at the age of nine he took a 
hiding from two girls. *T was 
trying to interfere with then- 
skipping. They took my shots 
and came back,” he laughed. 

Tyson learned his boxing in 
theTyron Correctional School 
where a former professional 
boxer and social worker. Bob 
Stewart, put on the gloves and 
floored him to show who was 
the boss. Tyson made good 

contest just IS months ago he . progress after that. 

' * 

■’ ; 


• •• *:> 

. ■ -• • '•♦v'V- 

Tyson: a breed apart from boxing's modern gfcnts 


received $500 add now, 26 
bouts later, he has $2 million 
in the bank. 

Mentally and physically, 
too, he is a different breed to 
the six-foot phis modem gi- 
ants who used their size to 
dictate a comfortable pace. In 
spite of his early years in the 
ghettos of the Bedford-Stuy- 
vesant area ofNew York and a 
spell in a correctional institute 
for 11 to 17-year-olds, Tyson 
is as gentle and sensitive 
outside the ring as he is mean 
and violent inside it 
A private person craving 
seclusion, Tyson is staying 
with a doctor friend away 
from it aD in Las Vegas. “I 
don't like hotels. Some of the 
voices there are. very 


At the age of 14 he was 
paroled into the care of Cus 
D' Amato, who had steered 
Floyd Patterson and Jos6 Tor- 
res to world titles. When 
Tyson’s mother died in 1982, 
D* Amato became his legal 
guardian. Tyson had a good if 
not distinguished amateur ca- 
reer, winning only one major 
title, the National Golden 
Gloves, in 30 bouts. This was 
possibly because D'Amato did 
not want him to come too 
much under the influence of 
other coaches. He lost five of 
those contests, and was beaten 
in the Olympic trials. 

His professional progress 
has been according to the 
wishes of D’Amato who died 
in 1985. 

Graf is put Minor improvements could 

her paces 

From Barry Wood 

Steffi Graf was brought down 
to earth in the opening match of 
the Virginia Sums Champion- 
ship at Madison Square Ganten 
yesterday, before progressing to 
the quarter-finals with a 7-5, 4-6, 
6-2 victory over Lori McNeil, of 
the Untied States. - 
During the lead-up to. the 
event, the West German had 
consistently denied she was 
anticipating a showdown with 
Martina Navratilova in 
Sunday's final. That is like, your 
kid sister saying she is not 
looking forward to Christmas. 
Under pressure, however, the 
truth came oul 
"Ifs good to have a tough 
match at the beginning because 
it brings you down a bit. Ifs not 
good to look ahead .too much 
because it can be tough.'’ Graf 

At times this match was also 
tough to watch. Neither player 
produced anywhere near their 
best tennis, with Graf doing jusr 
enough to pull herself tbrough. 
Each made countless errors, 
rather than winners. That might 
just be acceptable from McNeil, 
who is newly promoted to the 
top ranks, but . from Graf it was 
unexpected and disappointing. 

“She came in well and played 
good volleys, but my returns 
didn't work well," Graf said. “I 
didn't expect her to {day that 
well or serve that well and 
thought it was going to be much 
easier than this.” 

In effect, she had dismissed 
McNeil from her mind before 
they evert went on coun-The 22- 
year-old Texan, who lacks the 
self-confidence . to make her a 
serious challenger for top. hon- 
ours, served for the first set at 5- 
3. but then lost four consecutive 
games. Although winning the 
second set by breaking serve in 
the tenth game, McNefil was 
then overwhelmed hr the third 
as Graf finally produced a 
glimpse of her true talent. 

That other teenage phenom- 
enon, Gabrieia Sabatioi, of 
Argentina, was unable to make 
much impression against Hel- 
ena Sokova, the US Open 
finalist, and was beaten 6-4, 6-4. 
The Czechoslovak played as 
poorly as Graf bui Sabauni also 
failed to unleash her awesome 
power. Sukaya's serve worked 
well, allowing her to approach 
the net frequently 

“I had to come in because 
that’s my game and that's what 
she doesnH like,” Sukova said. 
"Ifs hard to pass someone like 
me at the net. She might do it 
four times, but she can't do it 
twenty nines." 

prove vital for Crnsader 

From Keiffr Wheatley, Fremantle 

Mike McIntyre, fee ^ main- 
sheet trimmer with White On- . 
sader, looked along a 66 ft deck 
almost buried beneath tools, 
pans and the fool white dost 
tbaL gets' everywhere when- 12- 
metre yadus are given a mp- 
and-tuck.. “It is coarse 
engineering” he said, “but some 
Mnariiw things get done in t his 

In civilian Bfe, McIntyre was 
a senior engineer with RacaL He 
put a career designing military 
communications -m ice to pur- 
sue the America's Cop with the 
British syndicate. Impressing 
McIntyre is not easy. But the 
technical capacity shown by the 

team, albeit with chainsaws, 
sledgehammers and welding 
rigs, not microchips, has pleas- 
antly surprised him. 

White Crusader is undergoing 
what designer, Ian Howlett, 

•MM. ■*-» ■ : — * — V nliwt tl T« 

doing this week was pkumed in That margin was less than 0il5 
the sumnrer,” . . of one per cent, "These tiny 

In the final race of tbeseoond improvements are what count 
round robin, sailed in a 24-knot for ns— for all of the top boats,” 
breeze with more sea than wind, said Walker. “Ifwe beat Conner 
the pale grey boat, sailed by m fee noa round, and we think 
Mare Pajot,- trounced White we can do it again, ifn be these 

The gathering of journalists 
and sponsors dug into their 
cornflakes with extra relish 
when the London-based pro- 
moter, Alan Rusbton, an- 
nounced that Kellogg’s is to 
sponsor the first fuDy pro- 
fessional Tour of Britain next 
August. The cereal company is 
relinquishing its highly success- 
ful series of city-centre cycle 
races — which will go to another 
sponsor — to invest "substan 
daily more money,” perhap 
£300,000, into a five-day, 500 
mile stage race that is guar' 
auteed same-day coverage by 
Channel 4 television. 

To give the race real credence, 
no less a personality than the 
world's No. 1 cyclist, Sean 
Kelly, was in attendance yes- 
terday. The Irishman was 
enthusiastic about the format of 
ihe new race — Ions, hilly, 
stages with spectacular dty- 
cemre finishes — and about ns 
dates. August 12 to 16. midway 
between the Tour de France and 
the world championships. “It 
should be ideal preparation for 
the world championships,” 
Kelly said. 

Rusbton, the head of the 
promotions firm. Sport for Tele- 
vision. is confident of staging 
the well-run race. “We are using 
the same w«ct that has or- 
ganized the two successful 
Nissan Classics in Ireland, and 
the Kellogg's city-centre races 
for the past four years," be said. 
His team includes the former 
professional cyclists, Pat 
McQuaid and Mick Bennett. 

It is planned that 16 pro- 
fessional 1 <*arn< pflr-h of five 
riders, will contest the. event. 
The route will not be finalized 
until January, but Rush ton 
hopes that the race will be a true 
Tour of Bri tain, starting in 

Scotland *iwf pairing thmng h 

England and Wales before 
finishing in London. 

“AH the towns that have 
hosted a Kellogg's city-centre 
race want to be involved with 
the prtHour, which will finish in 
Westminster,” Rusbton added. 

It is hoped that a series ofloug 
distance;, one-day, races will also 
be promoted in 1987, a feet that 
will encourage more amateurs 
to join the pro fessional ranks, 
and, it is hoped, generate greater 
sponsorship for the growing 
number of British professional 

Final approval of the dates for 
the Kellogg's Tour win be given 
in Brussels next week at the 
arninat c ong re s s of the sport’s 
governiim body, the union 
Cycfiste Internationale. 

r-— ** . . 

Head over heels: Tony Ali practises his routines at Crystal Palace 

A future star with the 
champion in his sights 

Yon have only to see his 
superb physical condition to 
sense that Tony AH coaid be a 
young Londoner of above-nor- 
mal sporting abfHty. In fact, his 
talent in his chosen sport — high 
board diring — is so precocious 
that be has been singled oat, not 
only by his country, but by Greg 
I .pagan is, die American world 
champion, too. 

Last summer, when 13 years 
old, he was runner up to Robert 
Morgan, of Wales, in the British 


11235 eveninvited him to visit him 
in the Stales for taWon at any 
Ga ° ieS Ji. Be ? : °r^>i^ h ^ time. It is young AH's dream to 

By Roy Moor 

He was promptly informed: "We 
have just the place for you. The 
parents of that yo u ngster whose 
diving impressed yon rtm the La 
Cocco Del Mare fish restaurant 
at Brockley nearby. Let’s go.” 

That night AH and Longanis, 
the hero whose action pictures 
decorate his bedroom walls, had 
a fish and chip sapper together 
with his parents. Since then, 
Long an is has corresponded 
regularly with the youngster, 
giving him hints and asking for 
news of his progress. Longanis 
has even invited him to visit him 

years, the chief Olympic coach, became a 

Mike Edge, considered it wiser 

not to subject him to such 

important competition but wait 

until he was more experienced, pnenomem 

The England selectors agreed J2L"5* u 

and modi to the disappointment 

of his personal coach. Kim “ 

White, AH was not chosen. LadywtiflB 


Master Tony has had a 
phenomena] rise to the top. It 
was not until the annmw of 
1983 that he started to show 
interest in diving at his local 
LadyweH Baths. He competed in 
age gronp championships at 
Cheltenham and finkhwi 27th 
of 30 divers. 

Bid for the Crystal Palace 
coach, Kim White, AH dearly 
showed potential and in agree- 
ment with his tntnr at dm Saxon 

a annsnea i liM 

Invited to train of 30 divers. 

Amnmno Bat for the Crystal Palace 

in America coach, Kim White, AH dearly 

- - 1 showed potential and in agree- 

Undetened. the Hvdv 5ft nieut with bis tutor at the Saxon 
yam^^^LoBdoo-boroof Ital- Crown, S wimming Chib, Stan 
ian parents, tackled bis dally Turk, be became a member of 
tontine of training with even tb® newly formed Crystal Palace 
greater enthusiasm, and now he Insntnte s junior squad 

has been rewarded with a place tra ™ ** hoa ! ni * - M 

in Britain's national senior honrsm the pool and 10 hours, in 

Crusader. Oh that day she was 
simply a much fester machine. 
That loss, coupled with a sur- 
prise win by Dennis Conner 
over America n, pushed Britain 

tiny improvements that do iL” 
Boat improvements are not 
the onhr priority in the nine days 
left before the next round robm 
begins. The helmsman, Chris 

from a possible thud in the Law, has had the White Cru- 
points table to joint fifth, with sader crew out on the second 
USA. Come December 13. the boat, oodenamed *C2*. drinina 

USA. Come December 13, the 
end of the third round robin, the 
only prize fora challenger lying 
worse than fourth is a plane 
ticket home. 

All yacht design is a trade-off 
between different sectors of 
performance. .Because of initial 
cost a nd the method : of 
construction, most boats are set 
for life the day they. are 
launched. The beamy of 12- 
metres is that 1 

sounds like the kind of drenm- construction, technically ca- 
locutioti used when i dung* ip. pable owners and Wg bank rolls, 
wrong m any sport. But there is malre ft possible to chop and 
a gtmmne difference between the change them at win.- 
nwnfo chainsaw butchery being _ . 

performed on a boat like Heart Gams should not heexag- 
of Americai almost too slow fo flamed. A slow boat tends p 
win a race, and the careful pre- remam a slow boat, whoever xs 
nhnwri improvements to the cut off w welded on, whatever 
British yacht. exotic new winged keel is hung 

beneath the bulL However, a 
“This is incremental stuff” fundamentally sound 12-metre 
mid Graham Walker, the chair- can always be improved a tittle, 
man of the White Horse ChaJ- And halves of one per cent wQl 
Jenge. “I have to admit that we be the margins that win the 
were a little shocked by the America's Cup. 

French Kiss result, and we are Australia IV beat Kookaburra 
addressing that heavy air weak- H by 15 seconds earlier this 
-ness, but otherwise what we are week — after a three-hour race. 



By Chris Than 
After asserting themselves in 
other male-dominated sports 
women are now daiming their 
place in the world of 
weightlifting. The British 
Weigh Uifeing Association 
(BWA) have now had to in- 
sure we win all the races that I traduce qualifying totals 19 limit 
form says we should.” • J®, nuniber , of “fants m the 

Everyone in the British camp fastworram's cha mpuntt hips at 

training squad — a major step 

gymnasium specially 

boat, oodenamed *C2*, drilling 
relentlessly every day- “We have 
some of the most talented 
individuals of ony crew in 
Fremantle and believe me, they 
know what they are doing,” said 
Law, now 34, who has sailed 
dinghies at Olympic level since 
he was a teenager. “But we need 
to lift our game a little to make 
sure we win all the races that 

oa the way to selection for the equipped with a diving harness. 
1988 Olympic Games hi Seoul. “It is becanse Tony is so 
Giving Mm every encourage- dedicated to becoming a duun- 
ment to achieve that honour is pion that he is deve^vping into aa 
the finned United States Otym- outstanding diver,” White said, 
pic and world diving champion, “There are 544 recognized dives 
Greg Longanis . in our sport and already Tony is 

When visiting the Crystal capable of a good score from 272 
Palace pool early in the year, of dura. His target is to become 
Longanis caught sight of AH proficient in sH 544.” 

■diving and commented at the So keen is AH to become as 
time: “That youngster looks a good as Longanis that It troubles 
bit special”. N , thing more was him if he Is not at the Crystal 
said until later in the evening. Palace pool by 5 o'clock every 

Longanis said to an official he rooming fin- two hours* training 
fended enjoying a fish supper- before going to his Crofton 

School. He returns at night for 
more work-oats in the gym or 

“He is a boy of tremendous 
character and courage,” White 
comments. “When a dive goes 
wrong for him be quickly comes 
back to assert Us true ability in 
the next. He is determined to 
give of his best always.” 

Weaker discipline 
brings victory 

Last weekend, Ali won the 
All England Schools one- 
metre championship at Plym- 
outh with 80 points to spare. 
And springboard i$ not his 
strongest suit. White says. 
Lack of weight — he is 8st 
131b — prevents his getting a 
particularly good take-off but 
from the high-board, be is 
becoming a young master be- 
cause of the speed of reactions 
in spins, twists and somer- 
saults, no matter bow com- 
plicated the dive. 

White explain*; “With the 
international sqnad training at 
the same time as the juniors, 
Tony has anple opportunity to 
see how difficult dives are 
done. At home he studies dives 
over and over again on video, 
particularly those of Longanis. 
These visual studies implant 
the action in his mind and with 
his spotting ability to know 
exactly where he is at any 
point of a high-board dive goes 
to jirove what a highly talented 
young diver be has become”. 

Longanis in a recent letter to 
AH told him that diving tariffs 
do not win competitions. “Suc- 
cess is built mi consistency. Be 
consistent,” he wrote.Tony AH 
is striving to be just that. 

down to 

Crystal Palace on Saturday. 
“The interest was overwhelm- 

wrights who have flown, out 

ftnm Sonthamnton esneriaHv to “ft*. *9 ' "* to entries 

from Southampton especially to 
work on' Crusader's hull 

to 6 Q,”said Wally Holland, the 

modifications, is confident that 

the boat will make the seam- Indeed, at ihmrmeettpg in the 

finals The insider view is that Btosanan capital, Sofia, rally 
the mode White Crusader is A«£!atfon°cte! 

going into now will put her on a ^ 

TWi G nrmTM-r anH aded to organize the first 

par with Dennis Conner and 
slightly behind America H and 
New Zealand. These are the 
three boats ranked ahead of us. 

Beyond that is a problem of 
money. Not to keep going, the 
White Horse Challenge is 
fended to campaign until Feb- 
ruary. However, to tift the 

adea to organize the urst 
women's world championships 
next year in the United States. 
This year's Panonia Cup, in 
Hungary, provided a useful 
rebearsaL Britain did particu- 




and three bronzes 

Bond boat may retire 

syndicate into- the stratosphere Spectator ax Crystal Palace 
of excellence that it will take to wfflnote that among the partid- 

win the Cup. a myriad of 
ma rginal things have to be done. 

win note that among the partici- 
pants are the former Common- 
wealth sboichampion, Judy 

From Keith Wheaffey 

Australia m is widely ex- 
pected to be withdrawn from the 
defender elimination series by 
the .. Bond syndicate, the 
America's Cup holders. Leaks 
from the Bond dock suggest that 
the yacht's fete is virtually 

When the sdrood, or *B* 
safes, ended on Wednesday she 
was lyfeg a very poor fourth on 
points — well out of touch with 
the three leaders, and only just 
above taH-enders, South Austra- 
lia mid Steak V Kidney. 

Today fee bond of fee 
syndicate meets. Before few, I 
understand, wffl be a recont- 
mendatta) from exeentive direc- 
tor Warren Jones to excuse fee 

]4snoath-o]d Lexccn-dcrijgged 
yacht from farther competition. 
Jncs feeb fee team's resources 
should be thrown behind , feeir 
competitve staM em a i e, Austin- 

I. *T ni^it of double 

saoNMBtmait for McNeil’s are sayit^f little. “In response to 

disappointment for McNeil's 
coach, John WUkcrson, whose 
other charge, Zina Garrison, lost 
6-3, - 7-5 to Gwdia Kohde- 

• STUTTGART: The Young 
Masters tournament, to be 

sp e c ul ation over fee possible 
retirement of Anstralfa m from 
the defender series, a routine 
directors’ meeting wiQ review 
the series,” said a spokesman. 
“This is normal , at the end of 
raefeg and means nothing. 

. However, mafia personnel 
dore tp the Bond interests have 
been waned to. expect an 
ann o uncement today regar ding 
future campaign plans. 

Aus tr alia m would almost 
certainly be kept in c mu wfegion. 
The boat's dripper, Gordon 
Lucas, and the crew would nse 
fee boat to give Australia XV up 
before each major contest. 

The terrible Inaty iff with- 
drawal is that it would give 
South Australia, sister ship to 
Australia TO, and wtfl yes- 
terday o» the verge of ha nk ra p t 
retirement from fee- Cap, a 
virtual bye hi 

Four extra technicians are Oatas. the Olympic rower Beryl 
needed to strip and service an Gockford and the Common- 
the windies, etectronks, rig and w»Kh Games discus thrower, 
hydraulics when the boat docks Vernssa Head, 
each night. The existing dock 
team are already too committed 
to fixing what breaks to have the 
manpower for such meticulous 
preventative medicine. A new 
keel is planned for the semi- 
finals. Since the British won 
their point a gainst the Royal 
Perth ft could be cast in Fre- 
mantle but the preferred tech- 
nical option is to use British 
experts and fly it down. More 
fog dollars. 

Graham Walker has just ar- 
rived bade in London seeking 
another £1 million in sponsor- 
ship add support. With it, J 
believe, we have a good chance 
of being the America's Cup 
challenger. Without it there is 
every chance of the syndicate 
becoming just another gallant 
British effort; technically super- 
lative but chokingly 

Longanis (Photographs: Hugh Kentledge) 


Troubled Nuneaton face a fight for survival 

By Paul Newman 

neaton Borough, who in they went down 1-0 at borne to helped them finish second in the Richard Dixey, the Nuneati 

Nuneaton Borough, who in they went down 1-0 at borne ic 
the last six days have lost their Burton Albion in the GMAC 
player-manager and secretary Cup, the new competition for 
and been eliminated from two the GM Vauxhall Conference 
cup competitions, free two and its three ■feeder’ leagues, 
matches in the next week which Jimmy Holmes, the former 
could move crucial to their Coventry City and Tottenham 
future. The GM Vauxhall Con- Hotspur defender who has man- 
ference dub, fifth to bouom in aged Nuneaton for the last year, 
the league, travel 10 King's Lynn announced his resignation after 

tomorrow in the FA Trophy and Monday’s game. John Evans, 

to Alhsrstone United on Tues- secretary for the last 14 yean, 
day in the Birmingham Senior also left this week, to join 


Noel Kelly, the Nuneaton 

nhfl ifiKm mi#1 1 I— — A r 

Northampton Town. 

“Jimmy's resignation was a 

helped them finish second in the Richard Dixey, the Nuneaton 
league two seasons in succes- captain, has bran put in tem- 
sion. Carr went to Northamp- porary charge for the third time, 
ton, whom he has taken 10 the having taken control after the 
top of the fourth division this departures of Carr and his 
season with the help of ihree successor, Peter Morris, who 
players, Richard Hill. Trevor was in the job for less »han six 
Morley and Eddie McGoIdrick, months, 
who followed him from Nunea- Dixey does not want a perma- 
ton. Over the last 18 months nent job and Nuneaton are 
Nuneaton have also had to advertising the post, which they 
cover the loss of Paul Gilpin {to hope to fill within a week. “We 
Coventry City), Paul Richard- will probably go for someone 
son (Derby County), John within our league, someonewith 
Glover (Maidstone United) and good experience of this level of 


in wuBciwn, wnose • 

s’ssras Another victim in Route du Rhum 

Olivier Moussy became fee 
seventh competitor to abandon 

played at the Haps-Martin- h» boat in the Route du-Rham 
Schteycr-HaHe from December single-handed transa tl a n tic race 
!0 to 14, will have its strongest yesterday (Barry Pickfeail 

dismasted multi-hull by the ship 
three' hours later, fearing only 
15 of the original 33 starters sffl 
io the race. 

yesterday (Barry Picktiiall 
ever field, wife the 12 direct writes). The Fhradmran. 
acceptances coming from fee trimaran, Calcialmcnt Laitene 
top 50 in the Association of St Micbd, had been lying m 

was first to turn bade followed 
by Warren Luhrs, aboard the 
ABurican-eniered Thursday’s 
Child, (earing the Frenchman, 

duunnaa , said, yesterday: “As shock w us all,” Mr Kelly said. Ian Bconyworth (Scarborough), football,” Mr Kelly said, 
fer as our fans are concerned our He tokl 11 s it was for personal 3 

season would effectively be over reasons. He was cenaiiuy under 

if we lost these two. With no no pressure from the board- He I j-m irim ■ ■ m 

chance of winning anything this saved us from relegation last I f HPlCfcTiiB A C. 

season our gazes could drop by year and although we haven’t I w* IIUu9 1 "Ijny 

400 and we would suddenly done as well this season uw I 

have to cope with the loss of would have hoped we were well I •spring art with ftulftte. * love in the hur 

something, fike £80G per home aware ofthe problems he's had.” I SufteandCHympia fieW 

match. Wre not wed off finan- _ Holmes, who hopes to remain ■ Cnristmastancy •Aveterinary 

daily and that could prove in football either as a player or 

rfinctmnr »h> (dub ** mimoar tunnlri na* - — 1 j 

* Meanwhile, in fee BOG sin- Titouan Lamazou, wife a 60- 
glefeanded round the world mile lead over fee fleet - 

► Sporting art with 
Surtees and Olympia 
Christmas fancy 

disastrous for fee dub.' 

Tennis Professionals nhldc 
Boris Beekerwill be going for 

second p&qe, collided with fee 
Indian registered . freignter, 

third successive, win is feel jglazibar; while-. s P**£* n B 
tournament ha vine won ini thmuzb tfes water' at 15 knots 

tournament haring won in 
Birmingham in- January fast 
year and Beilis in -January of 
feis year 

through the wafer - at 15 knots 
shortly befbredawii. .1^500 miles 
from the finish atGtsuSeloupfc 
. Moussy was rescued from ms 

race, fee 19 competitors who set 
out from Cape Town fast Sat- 
urday on the second stage of this 
race to Sydney Gave been feeing 
almost as many difficulties, wife 
two forced to return to port and 
eight others reporting serious 

manager, would not enlarge on 

IPmnfwttn mites remaining to Quads* 
toups): 1. Ftaunr Wchon Vlfl (P Poupon) 
1.155: 2. Ertesaai 

he Canadian, John Hughes. 

1.155: 2. Ericaoni 
TAG Hauer 
tengstwftC 1 

EaMu9<raquaamsrrLBmazou)S.l. ... 
UAPW y Tw 5WM43; 3. Credit Aortcote 

if* ® 

;S. Tuna Marine. 

Beset by injuries al] season, bis reasons for leaving except 10 
including broken legs to two say: “U was nothing to do wife 
players, Nuneaton's deteriorai- fee results and the way things 
ing league form reached its were going. Something hap. 
lowest point two weeks ago with pened within fee dub that I 
a 6-0 defeat at Wealdstone. Last wasn't happy with.” 

Saturday they lost 3-0 at home Nuneaton's problems date 
to Rochdale in the first round of back to fee departure last year of 
the FA Cup and two days later Graham Carr, fee manager who 

cotour features. 

1 Making fee home 
work! laugh- 
profile of 

* Love in the hunting 

•A veterinary 
l surgeons 

ft Christmas 
M * Gifts for the 
m horseman— 
books, videos. 
,1- sporting prints. 


Before the finish of a dinner given 
m honour of Prince Philip on 
Wednesday night, by the Central 
Council for Physical Recreation 
(CCPR) and Institute of Sports 
Sponsorship, Richard Tracey had to 
leave to return to the Commons. It 
was a reflection, as Denis Howell 
wryly pointed out, on the status of 
those appointed by the Conser- 
vative Party to be Ministerof Sport. 

The main,- if roundabout, conclu- 
sion to be drawn from the recent 
book published by Tracey’s prede- 
cessor. Neil Maccuiane, is of the 
little interest or knowledge Mrs 
Thatcher has of sport and the 
insignificance she attaches to it, 
until it becomes politically 

Macfarlane quotes Eldon Grif- 
fiths, another forgettable occupant 
of the post, as saying during the 
Commons debate on the Moscow 
Olympics that it was the most 
unimportant ministry in the House. 

The Conservatives, indeed all 
parties and not least their economic 
advisors, seriously underestimate 
the role of sport within society 
today: never mind Mrs Thatcher's 
token support for the Birmingham 
Olympic bid. which she had herself 
indirectly initiated in the belief that 
the Games would make profit and 
would be in London. 

That under-estimation was 
emphasized yesterday in an expan- 
sive address to the CCPR's annual 
conference by John Wheatley, the 
director-general of the Sports Coun- 
cil. His paper served two important 

purposes: it set out, in no more than 
14 pa$es, the opportunities, 
responsibilities and financial im- 
plications of modern sport, within 
the Council's terms of reference, 
and thereby illustrated the essential 
function of the Council in compari- 
son with the CCPR, whose purpose 
is valuable but restricted 
Mrs Thatcher should take note 
that six and a half million people are 
members of 150,000 sports dubs, 
over two-thirds of which are affili- 
ated to national governing bodies. 
Another 1 3 million people take part 
in sport at least once a month. It is 
the economic figures which are a 

• In the consumer market, sport, 
excluding gambling, spends £4,366 
million, which is more than DIY, 
pets, records or bingo, and less only 
than beer, tobacco or furniture. 

• In VAT. sport generates £4,146 
million for the economy, which 
individually is more than tire motor 
industry, drink and tobacco, cloth- 
ing, metals or textiles. 

• In employment it individually 
creates more jobs than tire chemical 
industries, agriculture and fisheries, 
electricity/gas, tire motor industry 

Considering these dimensions 
within society, is it not time the 
Minister for Sport, operating within 
the Department of Environment 
had Cabinet status, given that be 
has regularly to negotiate with the 
Home Office, Foreign Office, 
Department of Education and Sd- 




Chief Sports 

Corres ponder 

ence, the DHSS, and the Ghanceflor 
of the Exchequer? 

Everyone at this week's con- 
ference, whether from the CCPR or 
Sports Council, acknowledges that 
the Government persistently fails to 
recognize the significance of sport, 
and often to implement statutory 
requirements laid down for local 

Several speakers from the floor 
yesterday raised these issues with 
the Minister, who was delivering a 
summary of his year’s activities. 
The most interesting observation 
Tracey bad to make was. perhaps, 
that in his opinion CCPR and 
Sports Council both have important 

One of the many frustrating 
aspects of Macfarlane's un- 
structured book, in which there is 
little we did not already know, is 
that in analyzing the long-range 
dispute between the two sports 
bodies he comes to no personal 
conclusion. Only third-party ev- 
idence, from the select committee 
report by Sir Hugh Rossi and by 
such witnesses as Brigadier 

P. G. A. Prescott of the National 
Rifle Association, make it dear that . 
the Sports Council is the proper 
organization at the heart of national 
sport. It keeps afloat three-quarters 
of all our Olympic sports. 

The rivalries of personalties be- 
tween the two bodies, ever since the 
creation of the Sports CountiTs 
charter in 1972, and the petty legal 
threats, may now have been re- 
solved with a demarcation of roles 
outlined between Wheatley and 
Peter Lawson, secretary of the 

The CCPR's memorandum of 
association defines its objectives as 
being a forum of governing bodies; 
to support the governing bodies; 
and to be a consultative body to the 
Sports COuncDL It is hard to see how 
that justifies its current grant 
application to the Sports Council, 
which funds h, for £600,000: which 
it will not get It las not helped its 
case by spending £110,000 on 
redecoration, and requesting 
£100,000 for distributing grants, 
which is not its business. 

The CCPR's value is in raising 
constitutional issues, as it did a year 
ago with the present policy crisis in 
stale schools. I believe the CCPR 
has not been helped by intermittent 
intervention from Prince Philip, 
calling down from the balcony at 
Buckingham Palace to the effect 
that the Sports Council should dose 
shop and go home because of 
Government interference. 

The weakness of the Sports 

Couhdl situation, is that, dependent 
on its Government grant and. with 
its appointment of officers .con- 
trolled by tire Minister, it is always 
open to accusations of political 
imeriferenbe, whether true or not. 

Either of two solutions would 
circumvent this: to have the Sports 
Council accountable not to a min- 
istry but to an aU-party committee, 
or to have two main parties each 
appointing one of two joint chair- 
men. At the same time, the CCPR 
rimnld i wHafn an independent body 
but be drawn into the same fcalkt' 
ing; white havingits own officer thus 
reducing its relative excessive 

These are aspects to winch 
Macfarlane might have addressed 
himself instead of ramMing about in 
a diary of four years’ events, aided 
by a journalist, to the extern that it is 
often difficult to tdl whose account 
it is. It regularly reads like a 
newspaper office’s matings library 
and, though it is surprising that a 
Minister of State should have to 
employ a ghost-writer, as a member 
of the Sports Council observed, 
“you should have seen his letters”. 

to emphasize the significance of his 
office by including the Moscow 
controversy, when he was not even 
Minister and voted with the 

What he proves is that if spent is 
to have a minister it needs to be 
someone of substance. 



Alen beaten after 
glorious effort 

By David Dnffield 

The record books will show 
that Tima Salonen, in a Peugeot 
205 TI6. won the 1986 Lom- 
bard RAC Rally. No record 
books, however, could ever 
show the look on the face of the 
Lancia driver, Markku Alen, as 
he checked the lime control 
sheet at the end of the final 

Under the television arc lights 
be sat in his car, perspiration on 
his face from the heat of the 
engine and the effort of driving 
the last 20 miles through 
Margam Forest at an average 
speed of nearly 60 miles per 

On Wednesday's final stage 
Salonen had beaten him by 
5 Usee. He checked not once but 
twice and with a shake of his 
head and a look of resignation 
drove off to the final check- 
point There Salonen was all 
smiles. He had won the closest 
RAC Rally by I min 22sec. 
leaving Alen with the consola- 
tion of taking over the lead in 
the quest for the world 

Salonen and Alen had started 
the fast day separated by a mere 
nine seconds when they left 

awash with torrential overnight 

Entering the penultimate 21- 
mile stage of Rhigos Forest 
Salonen was still in the lead by 
12sec. He then beat Alen 
by 12 sec, averaging over 60 
miles per hour across the twist- 
ing gravel roads. Then came the 

{■ v 

final 21 miles at Margam and 

The weather had played 
havoc with the road conditions 
from the start, but most of the 
retirements on the final day and 
indeed throughout the rally were 
for mechanical reasons. The 
failure on the last day of the 
turbo on Mikael Ericssons' 
Lancia Delta S4 dropped him 
out of the rally and out of third 
place. This allowed Peugeot 
driver Jiiha Kankkunen to 
move up to third and gain 
valuable points in the world 
drivers' championship. He had 
been leading Alen by two points 
at the start of the rally but now 
the positions have been reversed 
with Alen first by just one paint 
The final event in the series will 
lake place in the United States 
from December 4 to 7. 

Half-way through Kankkunen 
bad been in the lead overall, but 
rolled his car in Grisedale and 
was fortunate to be able to 
continueXouise Aitken-Walker 
wfao also had the misfortune to 
crash on the first day battled her 
way back from around 145th 
position to finish an excellent 
15th, and win the ladies prize. 

Another superb recovery was 
that of Malcolm Wilson, who 
after going off the road in 
Hamsteriey on Monday raced 
back through the field to finish 
seven teen th.He was driving an 
MG Metro 6R4 which made its 
debut in the event- last year. 
Austin Rover should gain some 
satisfaction from this year’s 
results. Tony Pond finished 
sixth, PW Eklund seventh, 
Jimmy McRae eighth and 
David Ltewellio an excellent 
ninth, despite the fact that the 
MG Metro 6R4 lacks the enor- 
mous power of other soon-to- 
be-banned group *B' cats. 

Possibly the most powerful of 
all is the Fond RS200, which wfi] 
now be out of world Tallying 
before being fully developed. 
Only one car out of four 
managed to complete the rally, 
Kalle G run del taking fifth place. 
But they were a spectacular sight 
when charging through the 

The sight and sound of these 
group ‘B’ cars will be sadly 
missed by the tens of thousands 
of spectators who packed the 
side of the tracks and clogged 
the roads. 

Sacrifice of glory leaves 
riches to the powerful 

By Stuart Jones 

Football Correspondent 

Once the third and fourth 
division chairmen chose to sac- 
rifice glory for money in the 
League Cup, now sponsored by 
Umewoods, it was inevitable 
that the bigger chibs would have 
the later stages of the com- 
petition to themselves. Further 
evidence of their overwhelming 
domination was spread across 
yesterday’s fifth-round draw. 

It included the dubs that are 
presently first, second, third, 
fifth, seventh, eighth and tenth 
in the first division. The event, 
which totters on two legs in the 
second round, is little more than 
a financial exercise. It satisfies 
the immediate needs of the 
smaller dubs and. subsequently, 
the avarice of the more 

The triumphs over the last 
two seasons of Norwich City 
and Oxford United, attractive 
rather than glamorous sides, 
may have suggested that the 
unlikely can stdl occur. Yet the 
protracted system in the second 
. round, formed by the third and 
fourth division re p r e sen tatives 
themselves. leaves scarcely any 
room for such romantic notions. 

Cambridge United, 85th in 
the League, still hold onto them, 
especially after knocking out 
Ipswich Town and Wimbledon. 
But it would require wild op- 
timism to expect them to add 
Tottenham Hotspur to their list 
of victims in next week’s de- 
layed fourth-round tie. and they 
would need outrageous fortune 
to do so. 

Unless Cambridge defeat a 
side that is bulging with inter- 
nationals and i ncludes the larg- 
est dub contingent in the 
England squad, Shrewsbury 
Town will be left as the odd ones 
out in the last eight. They lie 
40th in the overall standings and 
face a task that has been beyond 
even those at the top. 

The Dell is an inhospitable 
arena even when the ill-disri- 
plined Dennis, sent off for the 
tenth time in his career on 
Tuesday, is not around to add 
his substantial menace to the 
physical security of the visitors. 
The hopes of Aston Villa and 
Manchester United have al- 
ready been irreparably damaged 


World Cup lure for referees 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

The Rugby Football Union's 
referees subcommittee meets 
today to confirm the recom- 
mendations for England's inter- 
national panel for the coming 
Five Nations Championship 
season. The appointments have 
particular relevance for leading 
officials this season since two of 
them will go to the World Cup 
in Australasia in May. 

AH three of last season's panel 
— Roger Quiltenton. Fred 
Howard and Laurie Pridcaux — 
remain available, as does a 
former panel referee. Tony 
Trigg, who handled the Mid- 
lands county championship fi- 
nal at Moseley on Wednesday, 
when North Midlands dis- 
missed Warwickshire, the hold- 
ers. from the competition with a 
surprise 26-20 win. 

Among the aspirants to the 
panel are Ian BuHerwell (East 
Midlands) and David Mat- 
thews, like Howard a Liverpool 
referee. Bullerwell has already 
been invited to take the B 
international between Italy and 
Scotland at Benevento on 
December 6. Of the three 
chosen, one will attend the 
meeting on December 7 of 
representatives from the Five 
Nations Championship coun- 
tries. This meeting has under- 
gone a change this year. 

Whereas in the past each coun- 
try was entitled to send its three 
international referees and the 
chairman of its laws commitee, 
now the referees win have one 
representative and the national 

Wellington XV end the drought 

By Michael Stevenson 

The old days, when an entire 
school would shiver on the 
louchhne, watching the great 
gods of the first XV. are gone: at 
least as far as Radley and 
Wellington College (Berkshire) 
arc concerned. On Saturday 
what might be the largest ‘block' 
fixture on record was held. 
Twenty-one matches were 
played between the two schools, 
with an 1 1-10 result to Radley. 

Wellington won (16-10) at 
first XV level — their first away 
win over Radley for six years. 
Wellington have beaten 
Haileybury, St Paul’s, St 
Edward's (Oxford), Trent Col- 
lege and Harrow but have lost 
narrowly to Marlborough (18- 
22) and Dulwich (24-29). 

Newcastle-under-Lyme have 
enjoyed a superb run, toppling 
Marple Hall. Ellesmere College 
and Babfake m their unbeaten 
record of seven wins from seven 
matches On Sanirdav however 

they suffered their first defeat to 
Denstone. who managed an- 
other notable escape act, having 
recovered from a 12-0 deficit at 
halftime. The Denstone pack 
eventually took control to lead 
the side to a 17-16 victory, 
though the conversion of a late 
try by Newcastle would have 
reversed the result. 

Few schools can demonstrate 
strength iq depth more impres- 
sively than Clifton College. 
Their first, second, third, sixth 
and under- 1 4 teams are un- 
beaten and their fourth and fifth 
teams have each lost only once. 
After good victories against 

Wydiflc f 19-14) and QEH Bris- 
tol (12-7) they visited Bristol 
GS. winning (20-3). ‘ 

Kevin Bowring, the former 
London Welsh flanker, will be 
taking over from Chris 
Colquhoun next year as Master- 
m-Charge of rugby and coach to 
thr first XV 

Evidence of the demanding 
circuit on which Clifton play is 
that their next three matches are 
against Christ's Brecon, Marl- 
borough and Sherborne. 

In the North, easily the most 
spectacular result was Lancaster 
RGS's victory over RossaU (9- 
4), which deprived the losers oi 
their unbeaten record; Dolan ai 
fufl bade for Lancaster, was 

LJsndorarey have not played 
Downside since the war but they 
met last week. Llandoverey 
winning (7-4). Leigh Bradley, a 
flanker, had a great game for the 

Nowell returns 

The Jersey hooker. Peter 
Nowell, has been recalled to the 
Hampshire side for their Thorn 
EMI county championship 
rugby union match against Sus- 
sex at Basmgstoke on tomorrow 

Dennis: Sent off far the tenth time In his career oil Tuesday 

Southampton's prospects and Goodison Park promise to 
may be by far the strongest now be a fl a m e with local passion, 
but they will probably find Assuming that Tot tenham over- 
themselves the weakest of the oome potential embarrass ment 
survivors in January. The other at the Abbey Stadium, they will 
three semi-finalists arc likely to take on West Ham United 
be contenders for the champion- * So would the game on 
ship, if not the leading trio. Merseyside. On Wednesday 
Arsenal and Nottingham Freest, night, Coventry Gty were not 
who meet at Highbury, belong equipped to pierce Liverpool’s 
to both categories. reaiguatd and they offered noth- 

in spite of the claims of their ing to suggest that they can 
respective managers, neither prevent a repeat of either the 
will fall far below their present Milk Cup final of 1984 or 
status within the next two Sunday’s dress rehearsal, to be 
months and they should pro- staged live on television, 
duce the most appealing tie of c)UAinEMWALORAW;Southma>tonv 
the round. The defensive solid- Staawabury Town; West Ham United v 
ity of Arsenal is sure to be 

stretched by the attacking nature SStfSSSSSJSS^ ew “ n 
Of Forest. Mansftes to bt ptwyod in the week 

The fixtures at Upton Park beginning January 19. 

coach o f each country will be 

This makes considerable 
sense; frequently referees, at 
different levels, have lobbied for 
pre-season meetings with 
coaches to discuss approaches to 
the game. The same is relevant 
to the top end of the game so 
that coaches may discover in 
good time the attitudes of 
officials who their teams are 
likely to encounter. 

I understand, too. that there 
may be a New Zealand official 
present New Zealand provides 
the referee m two of the domes- 
tic internationals this season, 
though which ones will be 
confirmed on December 7 when 
the rota for the coming 
championship is settled- 




By George Ace 

A month ago the rugby world 
of Michael Gibson, the London 
Irish No. 8. was all wine and 

He had been named in the 
Ireland side which beat Roma- 
nia after five years in the 
international wilderness and he 
was in the Munster team to play 
Ulster. Now he has been 
dropped by Monster for the 
match against Connacht in Lim- 
erick tomorrow — one of five 
changes in the side that lost to 

Gibson is replaced by Brian 
SpiUane and another inter- 
national to lose out is Gerry 
HoDaiid, the Cork Constitution 
lode, who gives way to Richard 
Costello. The former inter- 
national, Moss Finn, is back In 
the centre after injury but a thud 
international missing is the 
tightbead prop, Gerry 
McLaughlin, who is injmed. Hie 
is replaced by Paul McCarthy. 

Under Fitzgerald's leadership 
one can expect a more spirited 
response from Connacht despite 
the Western province conceding 
14 tries in their games against 
Ulster and Leinster. 

MUNSTER: P UurnytOU CrasomQ; E 
O-SuBhan HS an yawnoL H Woman fflsS- 
pMnL M Him (Cork Coratitutior.). G 

boot r Haaty (Shannon). T Hnotiwi 
(Dolphin). P McCarfe PalpHri), GMc- 
Mabon (Stamen), D Late (Cork 
* — ■I CoaMo 

SpJme ( U otoai teiu). 

Moran (Waterpark), L Uuleahy 
(Tmmtt. M Otngraw (Wradaran). M 
P Fatal (Gcok C Dan (Wndaraa). c 
McCarthy (UTOfc TCtanqr(Un*d8»»). 


Veterans in 

The Harrow first pair of John 
Prenn and Charles Hue Wil- 
liams, the oldest players in the 
tournament, advanced to 
tomorrow's semi-finals of the 
Noel Bruce Cup Public Schools 
Old Boys’ tournament by 
defeating Eton II (Thomas 1 
Brudenefl and David Ruck- 
Keene) 7-15, 15-12, 15-2, 15-7. 
15-8 at Queen's Club yesterday 
(William Stephens writes). Har- 
row had survived a tough 
quarter-final match against 
Wellington I ( William Maltby 
and James Mallinson) on Tues- 
day. winning 15-3, 15-12, 15-10, 

14- 16. IS-6. 

Other pairs who have reached 
the quarter-final stage so far are 
Malvern I (the brothers Mark 
and Paul Nicholls), who elimi- 
nated the Charterhouse first 
pair, William Bristowe and 
Charles May, IS-6, 15-10, 17-15, 
IMS. 15-1; Radley I (James 
Male and Julian Snow), who 
beat Winchester I (Peter 
Seabrook and Robert Sutton) 

15- 1, 15-3, IS-6, 12-15, 15-3; 
Marlborough I (Matthew 
Mockridge and Christopher 
Worlidge), who defeated Clifton 
I (Julian FeneJey and Nick 
Hubbard) 154, 15-5, 15-7, 15-4, 
and Tonbridge H (Richard 
Graoey and Martin Smith), who 
beat Rugby I (Geoffrey Atkins 
and Fred Snow) 15-7, i5-7, 15- 
5. 15-11. 

McKie called in 

fan McKie. of Sale, replaces 
his injured clubmaie, Mike 
Thomas, in the second row of 
the Cheshire side to meet 
Northumberland at Gosforth in 
the Northern Group of the 
crugby union county champion- 
ship tomorrow. It is the only 
change from the side beaten by 

All is far 

our game 

By Graham Kelly 


OK IWU lOHHS.Mlua ««> » 

I League - game springs natnr 

mflpnwwn OI 
he Kanearoos* 



* ! *1 1 1 

33 £ 

Hh ■ 

Football League 

I was bonified to read David 
Miller’s portrait of Football in 
Crisis in The Times on Wednes- 
day, I most remind him of 
the positive aspects and 
improvements m the game. 

True, in recent years, the 
rewards for success and pen- 
alties for failure have, in football 
as in all professional sports, 
combined to test the wil l of 
administrators and referees. 

Tins is not an attempt to 
whitewash those aspects of our 
very competitive game which 
have not always, over the years, 
stood up well to the glare of 
pubfichy and the scrutiny of the 
instant replay. But in David 
Miner’s haste to condemn pro- 
fessional football 1986-style 
fram pre-coDcerved notions, he 
has overlooked the progress 
which the governing and in- 
fluential homes in football have 
made in tur n in g back the tide of 
cheating and unfairness. 

Has David Mffler not noticed 
season that our referees 
have twaifa a determined effort, 
with considerable success, to 
eliminate encroachment by 
offending players at free-kickS? 
Dissent, wbile stiU present; has 
very largely been reaoced by the 
agreed code of discipline laid 
down by the League and . the 
Professional Footballers’ 
Association, whereby players 
suffer heavy club fines for 
committing this offence. 

And on those rare occasions 
when players' actions can pos- 
sibly be said to incite spectators, 
bigger penalties have been im- 
posed; tor example, that follow- 
ing Mark Frico's gesture to the 
crowd in the match fast season. 

In my view, h is no co- 
incidence that teams with good 
disciplinary records have 
achieved success on the field, 
Liverpool for example. This is 
as it Should be. 

To say that every Football 
League game is tainted by 
obscene chanting is a wild 
exaggeration of the truth. Of 
course, this is an unpleasant 
aspect of the modern game, but 
the police and dubs are now 
making inroads and getting to 
grips with it. 

In the society in which we 
live, h is patently unfair to lay 
■ the blame for the failings of 
parents of young players at the 
door of professional footballers. 
The collective disciplinary 
record of the League’s players 
bears very favourable compari- 
son with other professional 

As a pa re nt (and linMman for 
the local Under- 13 team) I 
spend every Sunday afternoon 
among young players and I find 
that, bearing in mind there is 
more football played now than 
ever before, the level of 
sportsmanship among players, 
coaches and parents remains as 
high as it was 25 years ago. 

Many Football League clubs 
are making valuable progress in 
forging links with then* local 
communities, schools and youth 
dubs. Nowhere is this better 
typified than in the North-West 
where six clubs — Manchester 
City, Oldham Athletic, Bolton 
Wanderers, Bury, Manchester 
United and Preston North 
End — have jollied forces under 
the Manpower Services 
Commission's Football in the 
Community scheme to open 
their doors to the public and 
take men and women from the 
unemployment register to pro- 
mote the use of dubs' facilities. 
Indeed, at. Preston there is 

hardly a - minute of the day or 
evening, seven days a week that 
the artificial pitch is not in use. 

I am truly sony that the many 
positive- aspects of the pro- 
fessional game can so often be 
submerged by such jaundiced, 
albeit. sincerely held, views as 
expressed in David . . Miller's 

Despite our low standing in 
public - esteem — under- 
standably so after the horrors of 
1985 — since the alleged onset 
oftbe moral decline of chit sport 
in the early seventies, we nave 
acted positively, for example by 
awarding three points for a win 
to ensure that for many years to 
come our national game will 
demonstrate that there, is far 
more right in the League foot- 
ball than is wrong with it. 

was 27 or 

rugby that any British side has 
played is recent memory, but 
they couldn't score, because 
Australia knew how to deal 
with it," he raid. “We had 
been in that situation so many 
times before, so we simply 

soaked up the pressure. Before 

long, they made a lew mis- 
takes, we ran in a try, and the 
momentum started.'' 

Once into their stride, that 
momentum has proved «* 

unstoppable as that of the 
1982 Kangaroos, who went 
through their tote unbeaten. 
The prospect of improving on 
themwas nigh-impassible, but 
in the minds (ff several observ- 
ers, this year’s team have doae 
it with the predictability of a 

Whereas the mrintiMes of . 
’ 82 were briffiant hr a r rfd en f , 
as one authoritative voice las - 

Kangaroos are bruuant by 
design. Whereas the earlier 
side tended to play moves off- 
the-cuff, now the moves are 
better^temied: they adopt 
safety-first tactics in their own 
half, their defence being so 
well organized. It is only when 
they are in die opponent's half 
that they let loose. 

British players 
have improved 

Their coach, Don Fnmer, 
has at his disposal a hand of 
young, enthusiastic players 
who have a lot in common: 
they have a great deal of 
talent, and they are super-fit. 
His bandleader is Wally 
Lewis, who played on the tour 
of *82, and who considers this 
team to be more skilful and 



According to the Rugby 
League's David Howes, Ster- 
ling is “i pure perfectionist. 
Lewis might hide, hit die first 
man at die breakdown, and the 
first to receive, wffl invariably 

by Sterling. His phenomenal 
work-rate means he's never 
oat of the game.” 

Sterling, hi items, b quick 
to acknowledge the debt he 
owes to Jack Gibson, of die 
IbrramattR. cfeh and^mph- 
abiy thennest coaCh& 
that’s ever been is thfcjmne.” 

When Gibson joined them in 
1981, Parr ama tta had not wop 
a premiership since 1947, but 
trader him they won ft three 
times in a row. 

“He was more i n te rested 

If ti 'ngs weren't going wettfor 
you off the p addo ck, then the 
game wouldn’t go wdL” said 
Sterling. ; :V 

"Football to Mm was tfgtefe 
of. life. He taught me ;# 
lessons that have made JI 
passible far me to achieve fife 
success 1 have gainedsofar.? 

That Is why few of Sterling^ 
colleagues vffl disturb 
ffu c e n t r pdh 11 ri«t 

remain before the- Wigan 
internationaL They know Ire 
will be thinking of Jack Gib- 
son, of McEnroe and Boig; he 
has been through this process 
of mental rehearsal off the 
paddock so often, they know 
he will be there on die 
paddock, in the right place and 
at the right time, to make the 
contribution that counts. 

Ian Edwards 


i very favourable compan- 
wrlh other professional 

rmW'-VMTutra Hi* i 1 1 1 


mSTit 5J3 Hr* H 

H t~i -,'>T *■ C* ^ 



Edited by Peter Davalle 
and Elizabeth Larard 


- - yS 


— 7-1 
- . * 

• With its.fiJm about Salvador 
Dali <9802. 9-30). Anna tonight 
launches aa ambitious triptych — 
three portraits of Spanish wrists of 
the present century who, in addi- 
tion jo anything else, had a 
common beginning; ail trained at 
the exclusive college in Madrid, 
the Resutencia. Tomorrow night 
a repeat showing of Arena's film 
about BuuuriL Next Friday night, 
a new documentary about Lorca. 
Adam Low’s film about Dali 
shows file frail octogenarian, hav- 
ing survived a disastrous blaze, 
barely bolding on to life through, a 
pacemaker, scarcely able to make 
the nationalist in him understood 
as he croaks out the invocation: 
Viva Esparto! A far cry. from the 
days of his notorious fem e when 
he was filmed bursting from a 
giant egg like some demented 
chide, flinging out buckets of 
symbolic blood and raffle and 

. "-C -O 

scattering showers of. the Medi- 
terranean fish that proclaimed his 
Camlan origins. Asked, once, to 
define Surrealism, Dali replied: 
Me, An arrogant verdict, 
charac t eristic of the man. He was 
later to flesh out this defru Ttion of 
Surrealism by describing it as a 
Chance encounter on a dissecting 
table between a sewing marhinp 
and an umbreQa. It was a futile 
^xweise to try and sort out the 
senous private artist in Dali from 
the public buffoon. The process 
was not helped by such utterances 
of his as: “The difference between 
. Dab and another cmzy mqn is that 
Dali is not crazy at all Adam 
Low has given us a marvellous 
portrait of this impossible genius 
that keeps his unrelenting Sur- 
realism in the picture right up to 

his final shot of the tomb in which 
Dali's wife lies and in which Dali 
himself will eventually rest. There 
is a giraffe, in effigy, acting as an 

• Just Another Day (BBC2, 
9.00pm) confirms what most of us 
already know: that if we’ve got an 
eye for the odd and the sad and the 
comical, there is nothing quite like 
a day out at Loudon's Heathrow 
airport Although there is a 
concluding sequence which inter- 
cuts the arrival of a royal YEP 
octogenarian with the departure of 
, a commoner of the same age, the 
film almost takes it as read that 
Heaxhrow is fundamentally a 
place for goodbyes and hellos. 
That means it is free to con- 
centrate on such unsuspected 
airport activities as the dispersal 
squad that scares off unwelcome 
bids with recorded distress calls, 
the cleaning lady who occasionally- 

■ lays down her mop and goes after 
the Big Stars with her autograph 
book, and the former BJuefodl Giri 
who, engaged to knock trainee air 
hostesses into shape, reminds 
them Of the importance of know- 
ing the elegant way to rise from a 
sitting position. 

• Radio choice: Vladimir 
Mayakovsky’s satirical may The 
Bedbug (Radio 3, 730pm), in 
which a post- Revolution poet is 
brought out of a 50-year deep 
freeze and is projected into a 
Russia that is totally dehum- 
anized, is so devastatingly 
contemptuous of the Soviet way of 
life that it is nothing less than 
astonishing that the {day was ever 
permitted to be staged. Tbe author 
took his own life the year after the 
first Moscow production. I am not 

Peter Davalle 

Dali and The Christ of St John of the Cross: in tonight’s Arena (BBC2, 930) 




' & 
- •• -1.0- 

&00 CeeftxAM 

640 The FMatoms 645 Weather. 
7.00 Breakfast Time with Frank 
Bough, SaHy Magnusson and 
Jeremy Paxman. National and 
international news at 7.00, 

regional nows and travel at 
7.15, 745, 8.15 and MS: 

7.15,745, 8.15 and MS: 
weather at 7 45, 745, 845 and 

AM The Last Day. A 40 Minutes 
documentary set in North 
Lancashire, m which Rente 
Feather and Bffl Edmondson 
talk about the textile industry fn 
which they have spent therr 
woridng lives, ana about the 
future of Lancashire. Narrated 

945 Advice Line. Viewers’ 

questions on social security 

- ' ‘‘•■I 

_ * 1 .. 

problems. 1040 Neighbours (r) 
1040 The Wombtes(r) 

1040 The Wombles(r) 

1045 Ptttp Schofield with news of 
childrens pramammes and 
birthday greetingsTtLSO Play 
SchooMiT lOJDHarvy'a Cat (r) 
1045 FW* to Eleven. Saeed Jeffrey 
with a thought far the day 
.1140 Pubic School. The 
fourth ta a series of 

Hughes, with Bridget 
Anrotrong.(r)2M Knots 

345 Box Clever. A family quiz 
presented by Emlyn Hustaes. 
aso Jbnbo and tfie Jet Betffii 440 
PhOomena. A series about a 
white kitten. AfOSuperTed 


of Tbem A3. Tony Robinson's 
sermon the Greek, legends. 


Otter s Tale, with the voices of 
Hannah Gordon, Denis 

Lawson and Spike MiHgan: the 
second in a series of six raal- 
We animal adventures. 

540 John Craven's Nevaround. 

Quiz game for teams 


Nicholas Witehefl. Weather. 

645 London Plus. 

740 ChOdrenta Need. An evening ' 
of continuous Eva 
entert ainment and Interviews 


940 Ceefax . 

945 Daytime on Two: Basic 

German 94? Look and Read: 
Badger GW (8) 10.15 The 
Vflangs in Scotland (2) 1048 

945 Thames News headSnes. 

945 Schools: What Makes the Best 
Friend? (rl 847 How We Used 
to Live: The Right to Vote fri 
1049 Junior Maths (rt 1048 

m: wnar wastes me tx 

fit) 947 How We Usei 
: The Right to Vote (ri 
tuniar Maths (r) 1046 

Microbeasts and c&saase (rl 
1046 World Studies 11. 15 the 

1140 Portrait of the Artist 1240 The 
Power of Language (r) 1242 
Nuclear Power Do we have a 
choice? fr) 145 Spoken and 
written English (r) 143. Social 
and physical effects of alcohol. 

1046 World Studies 11. 15 The 
making of toys 1147 My Big 
Sisters Birthday Party (r) 1144 

and physical i 


1240 The Baggy Dow. A series 
. about tte adventures of a 
coBectfon of doSs who Bve in a 

2.00 You and Me. (r) 

2L15 The Drawn That Fefl Out of 

2L16 The Dream That Fefl Out of 
the Sky. A Panorama report on 
the explosion of the space 
shuttle Challenger, (r) 

340 Wld World. David 

Attenborough Introduces a 
new film by Heinz Slelmann 
about thfr woodpecker, (ri 
340 The One That Gets Away. 
Mou n t ain eer Joe Brown - 
descends the sheer 200-foot 

refect bin in a toy factory, (r) heavyweight 

12.10 Rainbow. Leaning with between Tre- 

documentaries set In Racfiey 
Goflege, a boarding school for 

- • a. 

Coftege, a boarding school for 
boysjoote at fee changing 
attitude towards dris and sax: 
(r) 1140 Open Air. Viewers' 

12M Airport 88 -Live from London 
Heathrow. The 

hosted by Terry Wbgan and 
. Sue Cook for tnta year's fund 
. rabtag appeal for ChMran'ta 
Need wtfunany celebrities 


umaran tor Children: Sarah 

Need wifunany celebrities 

cn™w Tor cntfdren. Sarah ■■ 
Green and Mika Read Join the 
hosts to Introduce winning acts 
from Saturday Superstore: 
wifli contributions 

440 Pamela Armstrong. A special 
edition of the chat show tor 
Children in Need with guests 
Hoy Castte, ShakJn' Stevens, 
Joanna Lumtoy, David 
Hamilton, Roger McGough, 
hockey-players' Sean Curtoy 
and Ian Taylor, and stars from 
Howards' Way. Music is 
provided by Cwen Paul. 

445 Bflzzartfs wonderful Wooden 
Toys. Richard Blizzard makes 
a seesaw and other outdoor 

540 Mozart String Qmntet inG 
minor (K5l8),ptayedty the 

minor (K51 6), played by the 
Mates Quartet of Stuttgart, 
wfthFrara Beyer (vtotaJT 
545 F8m:ThoRosdBecM1970)A 
I m»da story. I «m«I» is 
knocked down ty a car in San 
Frandsco and wanders the 
street suffering from amnesia 
before flntflng her way back. 
Directed ty Dick Mcxter. 

840 Choir of fita Year 1986. Choks 
from London, Southampton 
and Cambridge taka part tn the 
first quarter-final of Ins Choir 
„ .. of the. Year .1986 competitio n. , 
740 McroLtea. A weekly 
iitfbrmatton technology 
• : programme. - 

840 Home Schools- Beefing the 
.. T ea ch e r? Barbara Myers 
meets three fancies m London 
‘ and the south east who have 

- chosen to educate their 

- -cMdrenat honig. 

843 Going to Pot The fast of a new 
series of indoor oardenina 

1240 New WayofLhrtna. Jennl Mite 
meets two redundant workers 
who created successful 
business enterprises, one as 
an artist and the other as the 
head of a wekSng company. 

140 News wW Leo nard Parkin 140 
Th ame s Ns wa . 

140 HhKAI Coppers Are... 
(1971) starring Martin Potter, 

■ Jufia Foster and tan Hendry. A 
police thrffler ta which two man 
meat at a wedding reception 
and become friends tittle 
knowing that one to a 
policeman and other other is 
planning a robbery. Directed ty 
- Sidney Flayers. 340 Take the 
Mgh Rosa 125 Thames News 
headlines 340 Sons end 

440 Ratabow — Africen. A day in 
the life of a famOy from Ghana 
taring In England; plus an 
African song and story 4.15 
The Telebugs 445 Inspector 
Gadget Cartoon adventures of 
a bungling detective. 440 
WorMwfae Geography quiz 

S id by David Jensen. 
5.15 Blockbusters, 
knowledge quiz for 
teenagers presented by Bob 
Hoi ness. 

545 News with Alastair Stewart 
6.00 The 6 O’clock Show 

Myskow. Tim Rica and Lynsey 
dePauL 9 9 

840 The Two of Us. Domestic 
comedy series starring 
Nicholas Lyndhurst and Janet 
Dibley. (Grade) 

940 Lost Empires. Part 7 of the 
serial based on Priestley's 
book. (Oracle) 

1040 News at Ten with Alastair 
Bumet and Alastair Stewart 
followed by Big Fight Preview. 
A look ahead to Sunday's 
heavyweight world title bout 
between Trevor Berbick of 
Jamaica and American Mike 

1045 The Benefits ScandaL* A 
London Programme Special. 
Part one of an investigation 
into the state of London's 

Z15 Their Lordships' House. A 
repeat of last night's fnghflghts 

of the day's proceedings in the 
House of Lords. 

240 GaHery. Art quiz presented by 
George Meiiy. Frank WNtfora 
and Maggi rambling are joined 
ty Faikiands war artist Linda 
Kitson and cartoonist Mel 
Caiman. The student paneifists 
are Jteian SvrindaJe and 
Maxine Badger, (i) (Oracle) 

340 Held to Ransom. A drama m 
Welsh. Two couples are on 
holiday in Rome when one of 
the women disappears. With 
English subtitles. 

440 Woridof Animation. A 
Hungarian film entitled The 

440 Countdown. Today's 

challenger is Mike Perdk, a 
schoolteacher from Chester. 

540 Car 54, Where Are You* 
Vintage American comedy 

540 The Tube. Amonatee guests 
are iggy Pop aruTThe 
Communards; plus interviews 
with the African musician Feta 
Kuti and with Alice Cooper. 

740 Channel 4 News with Pater 
Sissons. Indudes lull details 
on today's British Gas 

740 Book Choice. Blake Morrison 
reviews Flowers and Insects, a 

new codectten of poems ty 
Ted Hughes. 

840 What the Papers Say. Peter 

follows the progress of The 
Band of Holy Joy, who play a 
motley collection of 
instruments acquired from junk 
shops and street markets. 

> Mgnt Heat O'Brien's 
investigation teams him with a 
beautiful Insurance 
investigator who used to be his 

FOm: Devfls of Darkness 

(1964) starring William 
Sylvester, Hubert Noel and 
Tracy Read. A horror about a 
vampfre who disguises himself 
as a French Count to prey on 
young hotidaymakers. Directec 
by Lanoe Comfort, 
raght Thoughts. 

McKay, edHtor of Sunday 
Today, reviews the water’s 


6.15 Good Morning Britain 

presented ty Anne Diamond 
and Richard Keys. News with 

Gordon Honeycombs at 640, 
7.00, 740. 840, 840 and 940; 
financial news at 645; sport at 
640 and 740; exercises at 
645; cartoon at 745; pop 

740 Bnice Forsyth's Ptay Your 
Cards Right Game show. 

1 740 New Faces of 66. Talent show 
presented ty Marti Caine. 
Panel lists are TV critic Nina 

music at 745; and Jimmy 
Greaves's tele vision highlights 
at 945. Tha After Nine guests 
include astrologer Russefl 
!•* V 


:' S5 ' •***»> 'S',". 1 ? 

t? ¥ iwm% 

Today, reviews the week's 

8.15 A Week in Pofifics presented 
ty Nick Ross. Examined today 
are the Labour and 
Conservative parties' new 
images, and tne Conservative 
Party's view of education. 

940 Newhart American domestic 
comedy series, starring Bob 

940 Gardeners’ Calendar 

presented ty Hannah Gordon. 
This week experts from the 
Royal Horticultural Society's 
garden at Wistey recommend 
autumn shrubs and flowers; 
plus a display of spray 
chrysanthemums in a 
glasshouse; and advice on 
planting standard roses. 

1040 the Golden Ghls. An award- 

whose experiences during the 
Second World War made ft 
Impossible for her to adapt to 
being a wife and mother after 
hostilities have ended. With 
English subtitles. Ends at 145. 

winning comedy series from 
aged woman who share a 
Florida coast house. (Oracle) 

1040 A Change of Mind, in the 
second of a six-part series on 
psychotherapy a Jungian 
therapist shows a woman how 
her present life is being 
affected by her early famfly 

1140 Fine Germany Pale, Mother 
(1979) starring Eva Mattes and 
Ernst Jacobi. Helma Sanders- 
Brahms' autobiographical fflm 
about a Goman woman 
whose experiences during the 
Second World War made ft 

Business News. 645, 745 
Weather. 740, 840 
News. 745, 845 Sport 7.45 
Thought for the Day. 845 
Yesterday in Parfiamarrt. 
840 Letters. 847 
Weather; Travel 

940 News 

945 Desert Island Discs. Hal 
Prince Is Michael 
Parkinson's castaway (i) 

9.45 Feedback. Christopher 
Dunkley with comments, 
complaints and queries 
about the BBC. 

1040 International 

Assignment. BBC 
correspondents report from 
around the world. 

1040 Morning Story: The Blue 
JackettyJffl Norris. 

Reader: Shirley Dtxon. 

1045 Dally Service from St 
Paul's, Birmingham (s) 

1140 News; Travel; The 
Staging Community of 
1926. Events from 60 years 
ago this weak are 
interwoven in Raul Thain's 
feature to give a flavour 
of November 1926(1% Wfth 
Paul Maxwell as Lord 
Baavertxook, and Denis LU 
as the Master of 

11.48 The Enchanted Canopy. 

1240 News; Tha Food 

Programme vrith Derek 

1247 Hoax!. Robin Bailey. 

P D James and Lance 
Perdvai tea tha stories. Tlin 
Brooke-Taykx’, you and 
the studio audtanca have to 
spot the He. 1245 

100 Tha World st One; News 

140 The Archers, 145 

240 News; woman's Hour 
from Cardiff, includes a 
feature on bamer-wavers 
and banner-makers Also 
the tenth instalment of The 
Soul of Kindness 

340 News; Pendennis, ty 
William Makepeace 
Thadteray (Part 4 of 8). Vlfith 
Hugh Dickson and 
Dominic Guard (r) (5) 

440 News 

445 The News HuddUnes. 

Roy Hudd with June 
VVratfited. Chris Envnett and 

440 Kaleidoscope. Last 
night's eefitton. 

repeated- includes items on 
tha Festival of British 
Ctenesa fams at the London 
Film Festival; Interaction, 
at die Camden Arts Theatre, 
and Ashes at the Bush 
Theatre, in London (i) 

540 PM. News Magazine. 
540 Shipping. 445 

540 Shipping. 545 

6.00 News; Financial Report 
640 Going Places. Clive 
Jacobs presents the 
magazine devoted to travel 
and transport topics. 

740 News 
745 The Archers 
740 Pick of the Week. 

Margaret Howard with 
radio and TV highlights (a) 
8 40 Law in Action. Magazine 
about the law and 
ad mi ni s t r ation of justice. 
8j4S Any Question? From 

Ripon, North Yorkshire, 
with Sir Marcus Fox MP, 
Diana Warwick (General 
Secretary, Association of 
University teachers), 

Robert Wiffiamson (Bishop of 
Bradford) and Magnus 

940 Letter from America, by 
Alistair Cooke. 

945 Kaleidoscope. Includes 
comment on the film 
Smooth Tata, the production 
of On Approval on Radio 
4. and plays ty NigBl 
WWams (mchufing an 
interview with Williams 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: A 

House for Mr Biswas, ty 

V S Nalpaid (8). 1049 

1040 The World Tonight 

1140 Today in Parliament 
11.15 The Financial World 

1140 Week Ending. Satirical 
review (s) 

1240 News; Weather. 1243 

Travel; 1140-1240 For 
Schools: 1140 Earth Search. 
1140 Playtime (s) 11.35 
Music Workshop 145-340ptn 
For Schools: 145 

2,40 Listen! (9). 540-545 PI 
(continued). 1240-l.lQmn 
Schools Night-time 
Broadcasting: Dance 
Workshop 1240 Colouring 
tne Action (s). 1240 A 
Time to Dance (s). 

275m; Radio 2: 693kHz/433m; 909kHz/330m; Radio 3: 1215kHz 
52kHz/261 m; VHF 97,3; Capttafc 154fikHz/l94m: VHF95.8: BBC 


J'!t ' •' -n- 


I \ 

** ' ‘•w-v* *• K 


Atkinson still uncommitted 
to the Turkish cause 

Ron Atkinson, considering 
an approach to become the 
manager of the Turkish na- 
tional team, denied yesterday 
that an agreement was 

The former Manchester 
United manager has asked the 
Turkish FA for further details 
and will not commit himself 
until be has taken a closer look 
at at the offer. 

“I haven’t got a job and I’ve 
got to look at anything which 
comes up,” he said. But his 
immediate plans involve a 
holiday somewhere in the sun 
— a passion of his which ranks 
alongside gold bracelets — and 
his friends feel that he isa long 
way from deciding to go to the 
Bosphorus, sunny as it fre- 
quently is. 

Despite that Erdenav Oflas, 
chairman of the Turkish Foot- 
ball Federation, announced 
that Atkinson had agreed to 
take up the post He said: 
“Atkinson has accepted our 
offer. He will come to Turkey 

in the next lew days and we 
will discuss terms." 

The move follows the 
resignation of Coskun 
Ozan manager after Turkey’s 
4-0 defeat by Yugoslavia in 
last month’s European 
Championship qualifying 
game. On the day Ozari 
stepped down, Turkey drew 0- 
0 with Northern Ireland. If 
terms could uot be agreed with 
Atkinson. Oflas said, then 
France's former manager, Mi- 
chel Hidalgo, will be next on 
the Turkish shopping list 

• Wolverhampton Wander- 
ers were back in the transfer 
market for the first time in two 
years yesterday with their 
manager Graham Turner pay- 
ing £70,000 to West 
Bromwich Albion for Steve 
Bull, a forward, and Andy 
Thompson, a midfield player. 

• Johnny Metgod, the Not- 
tingham Forest defender, was 
fined £50 yesterday by his 

Ferguson gives hope to Robson 

Alex Ferguson yesterday of- 
fered a message of hope for his 
star player Bryan Robson. 
Manchester United support- 
ers and the England manager 
when he affirmed his convic- 
tion that “a rigorous training 
programme” will end 
Robson’s series of hamstring 
injuries. Robson, he insisted, 
will not return to the team 

By Peter Ball 

until he is fully fit, a promising 
development for a player who 
all too often has been pressed 
into action before he is ready. 

Ferguson had remarked last 
week, his first full week in 
charge at the dub, that Man- 
chester United's fitness did 
not match up to his require- 
ments, and although be said 
yesterday that he was not 

Quality in an age of change 

interested in the past, there 
was an implied criticism of his 
predecessor in his comment: 
“Hamstring injuries tend to 
suggest a lade of fitness, but 
I'm not saying that that is 
necessarily the case with 
Bryan”. In the last year 
United have suffered a spate 
of such injuries. 

Otherwise Ferguson was 
optimistic about the team's 
prospects, maintaining that he 
still thought it possible for 
them to win the League this 
season. “The players are good 
enough. There is not a lot 
wrong. Perhaps they have lost 
their confidence a bit and they 
have been lacking a little 

Ferguson's comments came 
as he met the group his 
predecessor Ron Atkinson 
would categorize as his lead- 
ing executioners — die Man- 
chester football writers —for 
lunch. Ferguson survived un- 
scathed. apart from enduring a 
Lancashire hotpot which 
would convince any Lancas- 
trians dial Manchester is in- 
deed no longer part of the Red 
Rose county. 

While saying that he was 
still coming to terms with the 
excitement of the job. he left 
□o one m any doubt that he 
will impose his own style. 
Under the kind of incisive 
questioning which Atkinson 
ultimately found unendur- 
able. be admitted that younger 
players bad already been told 
to get their hair cut. although 
he refused to confirm that first 
learners will be required to 
wear club blazers in future. 

“We have not discussed 
that yet, so I don’t know where 
you get your information 
from.” he told his persistent 
questioner. But his qualifica- 
tions left little doubt that that 
move may come. 

“It’s a matter of self-pride 
and selfdiscipline,” he said. 
“When they are representing 
United they are being judged 
and have a responsibility. .And 
if they cannot display that off 
the field what chance have you 
got when you are 1-0 down 
with 10 minutes to go?” 

He was slightly more 
embarrassed to find out that 
the eager sleuths had already 
discovered his penchant for 
giving his first-team players a 
massage. It is evidently a 
means of breaking down per- 
sonal barriers, and with the 
same aim he will also dis- 
courage the use of agents, 
saying: “I will not be using 
one”. That at least will be a 
major change at Old Trafford. I 


First puhfishedm 1785 

The foil and rise of David Pitcher: Brinkwuter, one of National Hast 
racing’s less gifted jumpers, provided Kempton racegoers with a 
spectacular moment In yesterday’s Lottear HI Handicap Chase when 
coming to grief in a horrifying last-fence foil (left). The 10-year-old and his 
owner-tramer-rider, David Pitcher, die 50-1 outsiders of four, finished up 

<?. R 'C j gi Science 

England calm but Border crisis as legal 
looms in the wake of defeat path to 

intertwined on the soggy Sanitary turf (centre). Remarkably, neither was 
hart and seconds bterPStefaer was abfe tost bp and console his partner 
(right)- With the other three runners long gone. Finer rose to lemomit m 
his own rime and, to the day’s fondest cheers^ compietod the course to col- 
lect fourth prize money of £180. (Photographs: Hugh Roottedge). 

From John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent, Newcastle, New Sooth Wales 

manager Brian Gough after a 
flare-up with his own goal 
keeper, Hans Segers, in 
Wednesday's Littlewoods Cup 
lie at Bradford. 

A mix up between the two 
Dutch internationals ended 
with Metgod gesticulating 
angrily at the goal-keeper. 
Gough said: “1 am not having 
him treat one ofhis own team- 
mates, let alone a fellow 
countryman, in that manner,” 
said Clough. “He wouldn’t 
like it if I had a go at him like 

• Birmingham City 
areanticipating an above-av- 
erage crowd, compared to 
recent attendances, for 
tonight's all-ticket second di- 
vision game with Leeds 
United at St Andrews. 

Club secretary, John 
Westmancote. reported an up- 
surge in the sale of tickets over 
foe last two days leading up to 
last night's 5 p.m. deadline. 

While England were mov- 
ing down here from Brisbane 
yesterday, in foe hope of 
starting a four-day match 
against New South Wales this 
morning, there could be heard 
much weeping and gnashing 
of teeth. Having, only last 
week, been hailed as foe ride 
of foe future, Australia’s 
cricketers are now being called 
all foe names under foe sun. 

It began on breakfast tele- 
vision with Ian Chappell 
exhorting them to be more 
aggressive, yet at foe same 
time to take a leaf out of foe 
obdurate Marsh’s book. That 
was foe first non-seqaitur of 
foe day. Australia are losing, it 
is being said, because they are 
playing more like Australia’s 
idea of foe typical Englishman 
(Trevor Bailey) than the din- 
kum Aussie (Keith Miller). 

Poor Border, who never 
wanted his job in the first 
place, had a terrible roasting. 
The Sydney Morning Herald 
went so for as to carry a long 
first leader on “The Lost Art 
of Captaincy”, which con- 
cluded with a call for Border’s 
removal and foe elevation of 
Hookes, of South Australia, or 
WeUham. of New South 
Wales. Border is in trouble 
elsewhere for not 
“communicating” with his 
side, for being generally 
grumpy, for failing to attend 
foe sponsors’ televised prize- 
giving ceremony, for having 
put England in and for being 
too matey with Botham. Oth- 
ers wonder whether, like 
Hughes before him, he will 


is six 

Perth (Reuter) - British 
Open champion Greg Nor- 
man. disturbed by a sudden 
lack of motivation, struggled 
to make par in foe opening 
round of the West Australian 
Open championship at Lake 
Kanin yup yesterday. 

Norman, whose recent win- 
ning streak ended at six when 
he lost foe Australian PGA 
tournament three weeks ago, 
finished foe day eight strokes 
behind Peter Senior, also of 
Australia, who in breaking foe 
course record with a 64, 
produced one eagle and six 

“I'm not enjoying coming to 
foe golf course - and that’s 
unusual for me,” Norman 
said. “I played pathetic golf. 
There’s no motivation, no 
spirit, no heart. It makes it 
tough when 1 get up in the 
morning and don’t feel like 
playing. But I have got to guts 
it out and that’s what I'D do.” 

{Australia unless stsaft 54: PSenicr. 67: 

6 Tata* (Can). M CafiB- 88: r Davte. T 
Gate. 69: J CTOw. O Moore. 70: B Shearer. 

□ Smart P Jonas. 71: N RateHto. G 
Taylor. L Trader. 72: J Woodland. J-L 
Lamarrs (Can). M Pension (Swe). R 
MacKay. T Downing. G Norman, J Senior. 

MacKay. f Downing. G Norman. J Senior. 
G Satan. A GSBgan. 73: M ColeJCan). G 
Alexander. S Harper (Cm). D Thorntey 
(Can) 74: W R*»y. TSuttar(USJ, R Gifcey 

75: M O'Meara (US). P MdMmey. 8 
Offew. u Dayton. T P ta ftapa m . v 
Somers. T Price 

• The Lawrence Bailey Golf 
Classic, which has been staged 
at The Belfry. Sutton Cold- 
field. for foe last three years, 
will move back to the north 
next August. Last year foe 
sponsor was bitterly dis- 
appointed with foe poor atten- 
dances at The Belfry, and also 
foe absence of any big names 
because of his refusal to pay 
appearance money. The prob- 
able venue for the Bailey, next 
August is Royal Birkdale, and 
Bailey’s organization is plan- 
ning a business expansion in 
foe area. 

• MIYAZAKI (Reuter) — 
Graham Marsh, of Australia, 
Tsuneyuki Nakajima and 
Kikno Arai, both of Japan and 
American Doug Tewell shared 
the lead after foe first round of 
the Miyazaki tournament yes- 
terday. They scored five- 
under-par 67s to share foe lead 
after foe first round of foe 

Border himself blames foe 
media for having written Eng- 
land off before the Test matm 
started. When, at foe press 
conference after foe Test 
match, he was asked what he 
thought of England’s perfor- 
mance, he snapped bade “It 
was exactly how I knew they 
could {flay, foe opposite erf 
what you experts were 
predicting.” Much more often 
than not, of course, a captain 
is as good as his side. At 
Brisbane, with one good and 
established bowler to show foe 
way, Australia would prob- 
ably have bowled England out 
on foe first day. Border knows 
it, and so do England. If early 
on foe second day, Gower had 
been caught for nought, as he 
should have been, foe chances 
are that foe match would have 
been drawn. 

instead , England won well, 
and with the confidence which 
that will have given them they 
will be hoping to go on 
exploiting their much greater 
experience. Without being a 
great side all of a sudden, they 
do have reason to be more 
cheerful than at any time this 
year. For them foe clouds 
have lifted from foe hill, the 
long cold night is over, for foe 
moment the enemy is in 
disarray. It feels good, but 
there is still a long way toga 

Yesterday's one disappoint- 
ment was to find Newcastle 
lashed by wind and rain, and 
to bear that a prompt start 
today was far from certain. 
For those who have not played 
for more than a fortnight, like 
Foster, French and Whitaker, 

and wanting nothing more 
than foe chance of a game, this 
was not at all what they had 
hoped for. 

It isa match that has always 
been played in foe past at 
Sydney. There are two reasons 
for foe switch to Newcastle: 
foe states are looking to lake 
some of their bigger games 
away from the capital cities in 
the hope of attracting better 
crowds (today’s Sheffield 
Shield match between Vic- 
toria and Queensland is being 
played in foe country town of 
Wangaratta), and the Pope, 
currently on his 32nd tour- 
two more than your 

•- “ • J 

Chappell: critical 

correspondent — has a one- 
day international on the Syd- 
ney cricket gronDd early next 
week. Australia are hoping 
that at least this willhdp them 
win foe Iasi Test match there 
in January. ‘ 

New South WaJes^urrent 
holders, and winners for three 
of foe last four years, of the 
Sheffield Shield, have chosen 
six Test players — Holland, 
Lawson, Greg Matthews, 
Waugh, WeUham and Whit- 
ney. Also in foe side is Mark 
O’Neill, whose father. Nor 
man, really was one of tlx 
attacking breed. Norman 
think* that Mark, who scored 
three successive Shield hun- 
dreds last season, has a 
“shout” of getting into foe 
Test side. Should Lawson 
bowl anything like decently he 
will almost certainly win a 
place in next week’s second 
Test match in Perth. Althoagh 
for foe last year he has played 
very little because of injury, 
many, mending certainly one 
Australian selector, felt a 
chanm shook! have been 
taken with him in Brisbane. 

There was a time when 
most of foe Australian states 
fielded two leg spinners, one 
of them an all-rounder. Now 
Holland is pretty well the only 
one left; but he is 41, and it 
was 21 years ago- that he first 
bowled against an England 
touring side. Say it though 
perhaps I shouldn't, it would 
be good to see him doits well 
here. It would be a bad day, 
one too awful to contemplate, 
if leg spinners were ever to 
become extinct. . 

Richards finds his form in 
time to prevent a collapse 

From Richard Streetoa, Karachi 

Viv Richards, with a studi- 
ous 70, saved West Indies 
from complete calamity on a 
turning pitch when foe third 
Test match with Pakistan 
began here yesterday. Follow- 
ing his recent lean form, 
Richards successfully over- 
came both a measure of self- 
doubt as well as some fine 
bowling by Pakistan. West 
Indies were 212 for seven by 
the dose and, remembering 
that Pakistan have to bat last, 
were probably satisfied. 

Both Abdul Qadir; bowling 
with his left hand heavily 
bandaged to protect a frac- 
tured finger, and Tauseef Ah- 
med turned foe ball freely and 
another low scoring game 
seems to lie ahead. The series 
stands level at 1-1. . . . 

The pressure on Richards, 
was enormous when he came 
to foe crease at 94 for three 
and. had he foiled, there is no 
doubt West Indies would have 
been dismissed for a poor 
total. He pushed Qadir for a 
single first hall and slowly 
found his touch without ever 
approaching his best form. 

He swept, or square cut, the 
spinners as his confidence 

new but, after reaching his 
fifty, be became increasingly 

point seized a low catch. 
Richards batted two and 
three-quarter hours, faced 99 
balls, and hit four fours. In foe 
context of the game, it was a' 
triumph ofboth character and 

If Richards charged foe day 
with emotion, posterity will 
always remember Qadir's 
determined bowling while 
under considerable handicap. 
His main stint comprised 24 
consecutive ovens, from mid- 
morning until half an hour 
after lea. Some of his cus- 
tomary rhythm was absent, as 
he hdd ins left arm as if it were 
in a ding, and ran up seem- 
ingly off balance. 

There were more loose balls 
than usual but, in between, foe 
full repertoire of magic was 

West Indies took their time 
in deciding to bat after they 
won the toss, but, really, they 
bad fittie choice after includ- 
ing both off-spinners again. 

Haynes was unlucky to foil 
kg-befbre to foe only ball that 
kept low; Gree nidge hooked 
an early six against Jaffer 
before Mudassar Nazar, found 
some late movement and had 
him caught behind; Gomes 
was Qadir's first victim as be 

always punished anything 
loose but was fourth out when 
be flicked a low catch off his 
legs to mid-wicket. Dujon, the 
only century-maker on foe 
tour so for, helped Richards 
add 61 for the fifth wicket 
before be was caught behind, 
trying to cut Qadir. 

Harper dropped anchor 
from foe start and, by foe end, 
had managed six singles in 99 
minutes. West indies passed 
200 in the 63rd over and 
Richards' dismissal came after 
a period when the scoring had 
come almost to a complete 
halt. Just before- foe end, 
Marshall was beaten by 
Tauseefs turn. 

WEST omSSi Hot Magi 

C Q Gcveoidga c Saba Yoottd b 

MKbswNmr 27 

DL Hamm few to kmc Kfaan 3 

R B RfcWfson c Aaif Mutfafaa b Salaam 

Jattcr 44 

HAteMSfevbJUiitalQadfr is 

1 V A Rfctard* cftawsclfeja bTaosmt 

Aland - 70 

t? J tfcgoa c SaHm Youmsf b AbcW 
. Qadr 18 

BA Hatpamacaut 6 

MO Ma nta S to Taun t Ahm a d 4 

C O Butts not out 1 

Exteas (b 8. R> B, nb 3, w 1 ) 20 

Total (7 wU^ 212 

A H Gray nd C * Watt to bat 
FALL OF WJCKET& 1-14, 245, 344, 4- 
110, 5-172, 6-2D4, 7-210. 

BOW1MB: Ira Khan 14-3-294; 
Salaam Jotter 15-5-34-1; MnrtMw 

New move 
by Boycott 

Geoff Boycott, dismissed as 
a player by Yorkshire in 
September, intends to stand 
for re-election as the Wake- 
field representative on foe 
county cricket dub’s general 
committee in 1987. 

, Boycott is keeping his op- 
tions open, however, and told 
a meeting of his Wakefield 
members: “I have been ap- 
proached by two counties to 
continue my playing career: I 
don't think I should say 
anything more than that at 
present.” Although Boycott 
refused to name foe two clubs 

concerned, the indications are. 
that Glamorgan and Derby- 
shire would be interested in 
signing foe batsman who fin- 
ished top of Yorskhire’s av- 
erages again last season. 

Paxton blow 

Iain Paxton. Selkirk’s Brit- 
ish Lion forward. puSed out of 
Scotland's liaising session at 
Murrayfidd last night with a 
fractured cheekbone. The in- 
jury. sustained in a league 
game against Melrose last 
weekend, is not thought not to 
be too serious ana Paxton, 
aged 28, hopes to be fit to play 
for the South of Scotland 
when they open their defence ' 
of foe district title against 
Glasgownext Saturday. 

Debut for Orwin 

John Orwin, the former 
Gloucester and England lock 
forward, makes his Thom 
EMI County Championship 
debut for his native Yorkshire 
against Durham at Moriey 
tomorrow at . foe age of 33. 
Bradford-born Orwin, who - 
now plays fix- Bedford, was a 
regular member - of the 
Gloucestershire side for sev- 
eral seasons, including their 
recent championship winning 
years— 1983 and 1984. ! ' 

Offer for North 

Tokyo (Reuter) — North 
Korea 'have' 'made a com- 
promise offer oyer its demand 
to co-host the . 1988 Seoul 
Olympic Games. • 


- By JohnGoodbody 
Sports News Cmrespondent 
Sebastian Coe yesterday 

66c research to improve 
performances rather than 
cheat by taking drags. 

He likened drags taking to 
so me one jumping a fence to 
avoid paying foe entrance fee 
at a stadium and cited his own 
preparation to protect his 
Olympic 1506 metres tide hi 
1984 to support his hefief. 

Resorting to drags, he said, 
was mmecessary to reach high 
Info of performance when 
these could be better achieved 
through scientific research 
combined with Mod fwitiw 
“an unbeatable comblaation 7 ’ 
be declared. 

“Not to use foe latest scien- 
tific research is a wilful refusal 
to think. It is inteUectaally 
bereft,” Coe told Britain's 
sports administrators at the 
Central Cornual of Physical 
Recreation conference in 

He gave such examples as 
blood chemistry analysts and 
isokinetic assessment as valid 
ways for top level competitors 
to improve their performances. 
“Let us make the doctors and 
scientists work for ns rather 
than the other way around.” 

- In a discussion on “British 
in fl ue nc e on international 
sport — the way hade,” Denis 
Howell, the Opposition 
spokesman on sport and lead- 
er of Birmingham's vain bid to 
stage (he 1992 Olympics, 

1 1 1 71 1 /i iTT I < . 

elected positions in mter- 
national sport 82 were hdd by 
Britous. This year foe number 
had dropped to 46 out of a total 
of 416. ' 

The rise off the Latin coo- 
tries was shown by the in- 
crease of their representation 
from 16 to 68 over the same 
period, iadading foe key 
presidencies of the Inter- 
national Olympic Committee, 
the International Amatear 
Athletics Federation* the 
International Football Federa- 
tion and the Association of 
National Olympic 


Mr Howell warded 100 per 
<*«tf government fending for 
Britons to attend international 
sports meetings, the back np of 
secretarial wofo and exchange 
of Information between 
governing bodies. “Our hon- 
esty and standards are as high 
as they have ever been. It is 
our duty to asset them.” 

Tracey hits 
at foul play 

Richard Tracey, the Sports 
Minister, attacked the “pro* 
Sessional four in football aid 
pointed to how it could affect 
the behaviour of spectators. 

. “Whenever we talk about 
the golden age of perhaps 
football or rugby, cricket or 
tennis none of us should 
believe that in those halcyon 
times coaqietitors did not 

fefclp hard, Hrif ami posh 
each other, waste time and 
indulge - in early forms of 

“Bat thaw is a difference 
that we can afl see between 
striving to die utmost; within 
foe laws of foe game, and 
cynically seeking to stretch 
those tain beyoed-foe spirit in 

which they were drafted. 

“I think we've all seen 
enough of foe professional 
fouL 1 Hunk- we’ve afl head 
enough ’sledgittg’ toiast as for 
auite a long time. We hare