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-■-*51 . 
-■ „ 3 a 

■ t. 

The Prime Minister is to 
propose that fanners in 
Britain and the rest of Europe 
take land put of production to 
rid the Common Market of its 
£8.7 billion food mountains. 

In a courageous bid to 
tackle a crisis which European 
leaders have been dodging for 
years, die will fight hard to 
impose Ibis British last-resort 
solution at 'a crucial EEC 
summit meeting in London 
next month. 

Mrs Thatcher will insist that 
only modest cuts will be 
necessary to slay the monster 
that the Common Agricultural 
Policy (CAP) has become. 

However, The Times can , 
reveal that, at the same time, a 
devastating ; report is beiigt 
prepared by the original archi- 
tect of the . CAP who claims 
that the crisis is now so 
desperate that 20 per cent of 
farming land — both good and 
marginal. - should be taken 
out of production. 

Mrs Thatcher is anxious to 
resolve the food surplus crisis 
before Britain tends over the 
Presidency of the EEC Coun- 
cil of Ministers to Belgium on 
December 31. 

The summit on December 
5 and 6 , will be the last chance 
to fulfil her pledge that the 
CAP bull would be taken by. 


Sid’s sale of 
I tiie century 

The sale 
of British 

the horns during the British 
Presidency. - 
Sources dose to Mrs 
Thatcher said yesterday that 
the British proposal of a. 
reduction in the amount of 
fanning land to cut produc- 
tion in beef by about 1 per 
cent, milk by 3 per cent and 
cereal by 5 per cent, had a 
good chance of being ap- 
proved eventually. 

The indications are, how- 
ever, that Mrs Thatcher will 

How the Common 
Agricultural Policy 
turned into a monster 
that grew out of 
control: Pages 12, 13 

fail to get agreement at the 
summit, although sources are 
optimistic that she will at least 
succeed in launching the pro- 
cess for decisions to be made 
early next year. 

Mis Thatcher is eager to put 
ter stamp on the Presidency 
but hopes of a deal are being 
thwarted by Chancellor Kohl 
of West Germany. He is firing 
elections in January and is 
reluctant to agree u> any 
decision that could turn form- 
ers against him. 

One Whitehall source said 
yesterday: “All we want at the 
moment is to keep the Ger- 
mans happy and prevent than 
from saying *no’ to our pro- 
posals. If they won’t say ‘yes’. 

vinced that the only prac- 
ticable option loft to stop the 
CAP from running out of 
control may now have to be to 
cut the amount of fond avail- 
able for production. Bui Brit 
ish officials believe that only s 
small reduction is needed. 

Dr Skxo Mansholt, the 
former Dutch . Agriculture 
Minister and ex-President of 
the European Commission, 
whose vision of a fair price 
deal for formers formed the 
basis of the CAP more than 25 
years ago and who is now 
preparing the report calling for 
a 20 per cent cut in farmland, 
told The Times in an inter- 
view that only this sort of 
drastic action would save the 
CAP from collapse. 

He said: “No one believed 
when we set up the CAP that 
there would be such surpluses 
Now we have to get rid of 
them and the only choice is to 
make one-fifth of the land 

But, according to sources, 
Mrs Thatcher does not believe 
that a 20 per cent cut is 

One source said yesterday: 
“We're only talking about a 
very modest change to correct 
huge waste. We’d ratter do it 
through prices or by limiting 
the open-ended guarantees for 
formers, but that could cause 
political problems. 

. “So if we can’t keep down 
production throigh pnce then 

Shultz admission 
on Iran talks 

it would be better if they said - we should tain* a bit of land 
nothing.” out* We’re not talking about 

' Mrs Thatcher has been con- very much..” 

to agree 

the largest snare 
sale in British 
history. Seven arid a 
half miflibn people 
have already 
expressed an 
interest Tomorrow 
The Times 
publishes the 
application form and 
prospectus — in full. 

^Sc4d — 

• The £8,000 weekly 
prize in The Tones 
Portfolio Gold 
competition on 
Satumay was shared by 
three readers, Mr JR . 
Lawesof Ealing, 

London W5, Mrs J 
Jones of Chippenham, 
Wilts, and Mrs A M 
Abbott of Hemel 
Hempstead, Herts. 
Details page 3. 

• There is £8,000 to be 
won today ~ double the 
usual amount because 
there was no winner in 
Saturday’s daily 
competition. Portfolio 
list page 24; rules and 
how to piay, information 

service, page 2a 


Tyson’s title 

Mike Tyson, -the 20 -year-old 
American, became the youn- 
gest boxer to win a world 
heavyweight title when he 
beat Trevor Berbick in the 
second round in Las Vegas 

Page 34 

All square 

Evertpn and Liverpool drew 
0-0 in their first division 
football match at Goodison 
Park Page 34 


Production up 

The Confederation of British 
Industry’s monthly trends in- 
quiry shows an improvement 
in manufacturing prospects 
but there was concern over the 
outlook for inflation Page 21 

HwmNmS 2-5' 
Omsets 7-16 
A opts IM 2 
Arts u 

Birtb&, deaths. 
QsmaKs Id 
Badness 21-25 
Chew 7 
Coon 18 

From Andrew McEwen, Diplomatic Correspondent 

. ..Growing feus that the. nets came to a standstill, 
world’s two greatest trading leading to demands for reiah- 
bfocscouWbe on the brink of alion by Washington, 
a tariff war wifi dominate U* US tariffs to block an 

day’s meeting of the 12 EEC estimated $500 minion of 
foreign ministers in Brussels. EEC imports were to have 

- American frustration with. begun on July l,but were av- 
Europe’s agricultural pro- erted by an eleventh-hour 

tection ism has reached a pilch 

not seen for many years and 
officials in Brussels are warn- 
ing that the time for com- 
promise is running out 
Oily 37 days remain to 
■settle a complex and broad- 
ranging dispute. Even aUow- 


This allowed the US to 
continue exporting at the 1985 
level until the end of the year, 
cm the basis that by then a 
long-term solution would be 

Responsibility for the nego- 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

President Reagan’s Admin- leave the White House, “im- 
istration was under increasing jess asked to by the 
pressure at the weekend after President”. but he 
Mr George Shultz, the Sec- added:“Ttet doesn’t hold for- 
relary of State, admitted that ever. I’m not sure HI be here 
he had attended two White in January ’89, How long can I 
House d i scussions on the Iran hold out ? A couple more of 
arms sales, contradicting State these things." 

Department .statements that 

he had been only u However, a growing num- 
“sporadically’’ informed. ter of Congressmen and 
Mr Shultz's admission, ReagM supponere are cafling 
made on his way to Ottawa, f or .fbe prompt dismissal of 
follows 'accusation*: "iv -Mr both Mr Regan and Admiral 
Robert McFamae. 5*2 tormjr Poineexicr. 

•S flV - 5 C T' Significantly, long-time 

re Ef at r California friends of the Presi- 
£iy and often informed of dent including Mr Edwin 
foe details. The secretary of the Attorney General, 

State however denied as not are now saying that Mr Shultz 
true reports that he had must also leave, 
asked for toe dismissal of 

Admiral John Poindexter, Mr - Tbev are said to be urging 

McFaiiane's successor. toe president, with toe en- 

As the furore continued, couragement of Mrs Nancy 
with White House aides aocus- to replace Mr Shultz 

ing each otter of bungling the -■S t * , P ££’ Ca ^* ar Weinberger, 
operation, Mr Donald Regan, the Defence Secretary, and to 
the White House Chief of E ut Mr Lews’ a forma 

ing for the European art of tiations lies with the European 
fudge, it is thought Wash- Commission, but in practical 

inglon is unlikdy to accept 
farther delay. 

America's formers have 
been feeling the pinch since 
Spain and Portugal joined die 

terms toe foreign ministers 
hold toe reins: 

If a compromise is not 
reached, Britain feels that 
international dispute-arbitra- 

EEC, forcing it to raise tariffs / tion mechanisms under the 
against them. US exports of General Agreement on Tariffs 
sorghum, com and other {mad- and Trade should be used. 

Victory for Police in 

SOCiallStS Metropolitan and City of 

London police have been 
From Richard Bassett called in by toe Financial 
Vienna Timer to investigate two thefts 

, of documents from company 
With over 92 pa 1 cent of toe premises, including files 
votes counted, toe Austrian revealing toe company’s nego- 
Sociahst Party held on totteir tinting strategy with toe print 
majority, winning 80 seats m onion Sogat '82. 

.Frank Bar low, chief 


to win 76 seats. three" files ted been removed 

Both .parties suffered con- from the company’s bead- 
siderably from the success of quarters at Bracken House in 
the Freedom Party under their the City and given to another 
right-wing nationalist leader newspaper. The files were 
Herr Jorg Haider, which subsequently returned, 
polled 9-83 per cent of the mj- Barlow said be did not 
votes, winning 1 9 seats. know which newspaper had 

The Greens polled 4.63 per received the files. As a matter 
cent of toe votes to win nine of routine procedure, Gty of 
5 ^,13 London police were asked to 

Staff, defended what be called 
the “high-risk policy 
initiative" and said “the jury 
is still out” on whether it was 
conducted correctly. 

He told toe Washington 
Post that President Reagan 
“would just as soon that 
everybody shut up." Mr 
Regan said he had no plans to 

Transportation Secretary, in 
the place of Mr Regan. 

Mrs Jean Kirkpatrick, a 
former ambassador to the 
United Nations, is being can- 
vassed as a possible replace- 
ment for Mr Poindexter. 

Presiden Reagan insisted 
last week that he would not 
sack anybody. 

Police investigate FT thefts 

investigate the theft, be said. 

The Financial Times is 
negotiating a series of agree- 
ments with its unions to cover 
its planned move to a high- 
technology priming plant at 
toe East India Dock. The 
newspaper is seeking to 
substantially reduce its 
workforce as a result 

In a second case. Metropoli- 
tan Police have been called in 
to investigate the theft of a 
confidential memorandum 
written by a director of the 
company’s newsletler- 
puMishing division. 

'The memorandum was re- 
moved from the desk of Mr 
Peter Sabine at Tower House, 
headquarters of Financial 
Time s Business Information 
(FTBI), a newsletter-publish- 
ingdi vision. 

The document which an- 
gered journalists, contained 

an assessment of FTBI 
employees on a 1 0 -potnt scale. 
It warned that some of them 
were “contaminated by 
indesirable attitudes and prac- 
tices” and suggested that toe 
newsletter division be reorga- 
nized dispensing with the 
services of certain employees. 

The memorandum was sub- 
sequently distributed to 
journalists at toe Financial 
Times, who demanded an 

Mr Barlow disavowed the 
memorandum, which he said 
violated company policy. He 
said yesterday that he had held 
a disciplinary bearing 
concerning Mr Sabine, clear- 
ing him of gross mismanage- 
ment but finding him guilty of 
an emu 1 in judgement Con- 
sequently, Mr Sabine has been 
remo ved from his position at 
FTBI and reassigned. 





By Carol Ferguson 

An investigation into in- 
sider trading by a leading 
- accountancy body has discov- 
ered suspicious share price 
movements in more than 
three-quarters of toe cases 

On average; shares rose 15 
per cent foster than toe stock 
market as a whole in the 
month before a bid was an- 
nounced, according to un- 
published figures prepared by 
staff of the Institute of Char- 
tered Accountants in England 
and Wales (ICAEW). 

The ICAJEW’s technical 
directorate undertook its in- 
vestigation after toe Ivan 
Boesky scandal. 

It looked at all takeovers 
announced during April last 
year. The results showed that 
in 15 of toe 1 9 cases there were 
noticeable price movements 
in toe shares during the 10 
days before an announcement 
The movements averaged 
14.87 per cent above toe 
changes in toe level of stock 
market prices as a whole. 
Analysis, page 22 

Tebbit will 
write to 
5m voters 

By Nicholas Wood 

Political Reporter 

Five million of “Thatcher’s 
children" are to get a letter 
from Mr Norman Tebbit next 
year as part of a massive vote- 
catching drive by the Conser- 
vative Party in toe run-up to 
the next election. 

The first-time voters will be 
told by the Tory chairman 
about toe Government’s plans 
to Improve job prospects and 
expand opportunities for edu- 
cation and training — their 
chief concerns, according to 
The Times/MQRI poll of toe 
18 to 25 age group carried out 
in toe summer. 

They will also be asked their 
views about the problems 
feeing Britain and how they 
might be tackled. They will 
also be invited to join the 
Conservative Party. 

The success of direct mail 
operations by Conservative 
Central Office during the past 
three months — it recruited 
500 new members a week — 
has persuaded strategists to 
put the operation on a na- 
tional footing in toe New 

They plan to mail 10 mil- 
lion homes and reach an 
audience of 1 6 million people. 

In addition to the first-time 
voters, targets groups will 
include shareholders in newly 
privatized companies such as 
British Telecom and British 
Gas, householders in the 25 to 
35 age group, and professional 
groups such as doctors, teach- 
ers, nurses and farmers. 

Secretaries on 
£15,000 plus 

Top secretaries have broken 
through the £15.000 a year 
barrier and can now expect a 
long list of perks in addition, 
according to a secretarial 
recruitment organization. 

During the next five years, 
the salaries of such secretaries 
were likely to increase well 
beyond toe rate for other 
clerical positions, Mrs Diana 
Duggan, of City Recruitment 
Consultants, said. 

Villagers go 
into battle 

Angry villagers are to hold a 
protest meeting at Great 
Cnessingham. Norfolk, tonight 
to draw up plans to fight the 
Army’s proposal to buy 3,450 
acres of farmland to extend 
toe 17.000-acre Stanford bat- 
tle training ground. 

Wright got fee 
for revealing 
Ml 5’s secrets 

By Michael Evans, Whitehall Correspondent 

‘Repentance’ ends 20-year silence on Stalin era 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

Law Report 






Pita Buds 







SMI 29-3234 

TV & Rada 




After a deafening official 
silence lasting more than 20 
years, toe Soviet Union has in 
recent weeks begun toe painful 
process of coming to public 
terms with toe mass terror of 
the Stalin era, a subject pre- 
viously kept under wraps , on 
strict Kremlin orders. 

The first sign of a change 
more significant than any* 

ihingsofer seen in Mr Gorba- 
chov’s cultural thaw came 
with the limited release of 
Repentance, a remarkable film 
which for the fust time deals 
frankly - if in allegorical form 

- with the horrors of Soviet ' 
lift during toe purges. 

Now showing to semed . 

audiences in MdscoWj toe film 
will be released during the 
next few weeks, having al- 
ready received approval from - 
senior ideologues in toe 
Kremlin hierarchy. 

- *^t is probably, the most sen- 
sational film 10 have appeared 

here in my lifetime; It is vir- 
tually impossible to get a tic- 
ket," one Moscow film enthu- 
siast in her eariy 30s said. 

The film, a subtle blend of 
foci and fiction by the .well- 
known -director Tengiz. Abu- 
ladze, {from Stalin's native 
Republic of Georgia) drives 
home the previously un- 
mentionable message that the 
Soviet Union has yet to 
acknowledge openly the full 
horrors of Stalinism. Soviet 
audiences claim the central 
villam, although unidentified, 
is dearly recognizable as 
Stalin's ruthless chief of secret 
police, Lavrenti Beria. 

In one telling scene, a win- 
dow is shown where prisoners’ 
famili es are told whether they 
can correspond with prison- 
ers. Among the last names 
read oui are toe real names of 
Georgian intellectuals mur- 
deredduring the Stalinist per- 
iod. : 

Moscow - Mr Gorbachov last 
night said that “the day is not 
for off" when there woold be 
an agreed political settlement 
to fte Afghanistan qaestioa, 
leading to a withdrawal of toe 
Soviet troops. (Christopher 
Walker writes). 

The remarks have increased 
speculation that his visit to 
Asia may be used to branch 
new moves on Afgh a n i s tan 
and other Asian issues. 
Gorbachov visits Delhi, page 9 

The release of the film, 
already showing to packed 
cinemas in Tbilisi, the Geor- 
gian capital, has coincided 
with an equally sensational 
move in the Soviet literary 
world, toe public announce- 
ment that a major autobio- 
graphical novel about toe Sta- 
lin era. The Children of the Ar- 
bat, is to be published here 
text spring. . 

Written by Anatoli- Ryba- 

kov, aged 75, an author best 
known for his adventure sto- 
ries and children's books, it is 
set in 1934 and is described by 
the author as a “group port- 
rait" of his generation. 

The book is due to appear in 
the magazine Druzhha Narod- 
ov (Friendship of the Peoples), 
one of the Soviet monthlies 
that introduce important lit- 
erary works before their pub- 
lication in book form. The an- 
nouncement that the novel 
will appear in its April, May 
and June issues is understood 
to have been sanctioned at a 
. high level in the Kremlin. 

According to those who 
have . read the manuscript, 
which has been in preparation 
for some 20 years, the novel 
presents toe dictator Stalin as 
a central character, stripped of 
toe carefully rewritten nistory 
and official myth that, in-toe 
Soviet Union, has long sur- 
rounded his true behaviour. 

Despite toe de-Stal miration 
programme of toe late 1950s, 
toe Stalinist period, which in- 
cluded mass political arrests 
before and after the Second 
World War, has been very 
much a dosed subject 

Leading figures in Mos- 
cow’s cultural world have 
compared the sudden change 
in official attitude towards 
works on Stalin with the brief 
period in the early 1 960s when 
Khrushchev allowed publica- 
tion of Alexander Solzhenit- 
syn's novel about the infam- 
ous Stalinist labour camps. 
One Day in the Life of Ivan 

According to literary 
sources, one driving force be- 
hind toe recent liberalization 
has been Mr Gorbachov’s 
wife. Raisa, who was last week 
elected the only female mem- 
ber of toe II -strong governing 
board of the Cultural Fund, a 
new organization devoted to 
supporting the arts. 

An extraordinary secret deal 
under which Mr Peter Wright, 
the former senior MI5 officer, 
was paid "substantial sums" 
in royalties for a book on the 
Security service by Mr Chap- 
man Pincher, toe author, can 
be disclosed by The Times 

Until now. it was believed 
that Mr Wright's sole motive 
for helping Mr Pincher to 
write his book. Their Trade is 
Treachery , in late 1980 was 
that of a crusader exposing 
alleged traitors inside MI 5 in 
an attempt to clean up British 

However, he had another 
motive which was money. 
Under a secret arrangement 
with Mr Pincher. 50 per cent 
of toe royalties from toe book 
was to be paid to a front 
company of “consultants". 
There was only one consultant 
and that was Mr Wright 

The revelation that Mr 
Wright was paid “thousands 
of pounds" for collaborating 
with Mr Pincher for his book 
which was filled with classi- 
fied information, could swing 
the court case in Sydney the 
Government’s way. 

This week Mr Wright is 
expected to appear in toe 
witness box for toe first time 
in toe New South Wales 
Supreme Court in the case 
brought by toe Government to 
stop the publication of his 
book. The Spy Catcher. 

Details of his collaboration 
with Mr Pincher for Their 
Trade is Treachery and a 
secret trip he made to Britain 
in August 1980 which was 
paid for by a good friend of 
his. Lend Rothschild, him sell 

a former MI5 officer, may 
then emerge. 

Yesterday Mr William 
Armstrong, managing director 
of Sidgwick & Jackson, which 
published Mr Fincher’s book, 
told The Times: “The book 
was commissioned in a per- 
fectly normal way. Half the 
royalties were paid to Mr 
Pincher, the other half to a 
company whose name I had 
been given. I was not aware of 
the existence of Mr Wright" 

Mr Pincher yesterday said 
that when be met Mr Wright 
at a secret address in this 
country for a few hours in 
AiJ^ust 1980, the former MT5 
officer told him he was writing 
a book about treachery in the 
secret services, including the 
case of Sir Roger Hollis, the 
former director-general of 
MI5, and bad completed sev- 
eral chapters. 

Mr Pincher told The Times: 
“Wright said that he and his 
wife Lois who did his typing, 
were finding the book too 
laborious and he wanted a 
professional writer whom he 
could trust to complete it on 
toe understanding that he 
would get 50 per cent of the 

“I told him that 1 could not 
possibly be involved in giving 
him money but that if a book 
was feasible and a reputable 
publisher could be found, it 
would be normal practice for 
half the royalties to be paid to 
him, provided I was not 
involved in the payments in 
any way." 

The meeting between Mr 
Pincher and Mr Wright had 
been arranged by Lord Roth- 

Coatinoed on page 20, col 7 

Enrile replaced in 
Philippines crisis 

From Keith Dalton and David Watts, Manila 

President Aquino yesterday 
replaced her rebellious de- 
fence minister, Mr Juan Ponce 
Enrile, after a night of political 
tension and coup rumours, 
and accepted the resignation 
of her entire Cabinet. 

Sbe announced the mass 
shake-up of her nine-month- 
old Government on national 
television after a seven -hour 
Cabinet meeting. 

The resignation of Mr 
Enrile, who had long been 
rumoured to be plotting a 
coup against Mrs Aquino, 
ended temporarily toe worst 
crisis of her tide, which 
peaked on Saturday night with 
soldiers securing Parliament, 
radio and television stations 
and communication centres 
on toe President’s orders. 

Mrs Aquino said Mr Rafael 
Ileio, a 66 -year-old military 
and diplomatic veteran , 
would replace toe outspoken 
Mr Enrile. 

At his home in a Manila 
suburb, Mr Enrile said it was a 
relief to be out of politics. He 
laid journalists: “Let someone 
else worry about toe Govern- 
ment." His wife and family 
also seemed happy with toe 
idea that he had left politics 
after 20 years. Mr Ennie was 
visited by a succession of 
generals, some of them in 
uniform. Another caller was 
toe Vice-President, Mr Sal- 
vador Laurel. 

The President's three- 
minute speech, in mid-after- 
noon, came after toe chief of 
toe armed forces. General 
Fidel Ramos, told all military 
commanders to disregard any 
orders coming from the de- 
fence ministry, and an- 
nounced a foiled plot by 
supporters of the deposed 
President, Mr Ferdinand Mar- 
cos. to seize toe defunct 
national assembly. An Enrile 

Continued on page 20, col 7 






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£2.75m to tighten housing security 

Soldiers hurt in Drive to cut council estate crime r to tunnel 

IRA bomb raid 

Five soldiers were injured yesterday, now seriously, 
when the Provisional IRA fired five home-made mortar 
bombs into the middle of the fortified police and army post 
at Middletown, south Armagh, on the Irish border. The 
mortars were launched from a van about 300 yards away, 
across the border in the repnbfic’s Co M ona g h a n . 

Only four of the five bombs exploded inside the pobce 
and army compound. There were no casualties from the 
Royal Ulster Constabulary Iwt the soldiers were hit by fly- 
ing debris. Two were takes to hospital. 

The van in which the mortar tubes were mounted caught 
fire almost immediately after the breakfast time attack. It 
was either horned by the attackers or by the premature 
detonation of a booby-trap device designed to catch 
members of the security forces. Irish police cordoned off 
the area around the wreck for several hoars. 

UDM poll decision 

A total of 31 delegates from the Union iff Democratic 
Miners are almost certain to rate to pot up their own par- 
liamentary nifldidftte to fight LaboHr in file important 
mi ning constituency of Mansfield, now Labour-held. 

The move is retaliation for the refusal of the Labour 
Party to recognize the UDM, and the selection of Mr Alan 
Meaie. a left-winger, to replace Mr Don C o nc a im on, t he 
retiring MP in the Labour-held seat. He had a majority iff 
2,216. The UDM has said it may also put np rival 
candi dates in Bassetlaw, AshfiekL and Sherwood. The 
UDMsavs its own candidate coaid win Mansfield, or let in 
the Conservatives, and destroy Labour’s chances in the 

other constituencies. 

Soldier’s new heart 

Britain’s first artifkal 
heart transplant patient 
was named yesterday as 
Army Sergeant Raymond 
Cooke, aged 4), from Not* 
tingham, who was given a 
Jarvic-7 plastic heart this 
month at Papworth Hos- 
pital, Cambridge. 

- His identity was kept a 
secret until be received a 
new h uman heart. The 
condition of Sergeant 
Cooke, a father of five, was 
described as stable yes- 
terday, with Us new heart 
working well. 

Steel policy boost 

Mr David Steel’s defence policy has been overwhelm- 
ingly ratifi ed by the English Liberal CoundL More than 
200 delegates at the council's meeting in Bristol endorsed 
the “Liberal initiative for a new statement of Alliance 
policy of defence and disarmament” with three votes 

The initiative, worked out by the liberal parliamentary 
party to bridge the gap between them and the SDP on de- 
fence, calls for a “freeze” on present nsdear levels. It says 
the Alliance is committed to Nato, accepts American bases, 
wants to cancel Trident but would maintain a “minimum 
unclear deterrent” until It could be negotiated away. 

Safe seat IHPUiK 
fight call K:' : .SS 

Mr Willie Hamilton Miprvv. ■ ■ 

(right), the anti-royalist 

Labour MP for Fife Cea- HEj&psW® .. ■tl'' As- 
tral who is aged 70 next 

June, is to fight a safe ^ Sir, 

Conservative seat for La- 

hour at the next election. V ! 

He has been selected as ** ,! ■ jj&jtui 

prospective Labour can- S9L« >• -.vJSS 

didate for Sonth Hams, 

Devon, where Mr Anthony j/* 1 

Steen has a 12,000 Conser- ' 1 

. vative majority. Mr Hamit Jm 

ton said he was looking JB 

forward to fighting a HBl A 

coustitiiency where W3- JHk MM 

liam of Orange, a founder ^AT'A A| 

of the present royal dy- WBT km I MtSk- 
nasty, landed in 1688. IV AA ! BBB 

Moor soil offers clue 

Police resume their search iff Saddleworth Moor in 
Greater Manchester today for the bodies of two young peo- 
ple thought buried there 22 years ago by Ian Brady and 
Myra Bindley. 

Soil samples from four locations in which eight body 
detection dogs showed special interest when the search 
began last Thursday are beiiqs analysed. Fom search sites 
have been roped off after being pinpointed by Hindley as 
the most likely areas in which Keith Bennett, aged 12, and 
Pauline Reade, aged 16, will be found. 

By Nicholas Wood 

Political Reporter 
A £2.75 million programme 
to liglien security on 12 
crime-ridden urban council 
estates will be announced 
today by Mr John Patten, the 
Minister for Housing. 

The programme is designed 
to protect tenants by putting 
obstacles in the way of would- 
be thieves and assailants and 
to step up the drive against 
homelessness by upgrading 
hard-to-let flats. 

At present, people would 
pr efe r to go on a council 
bousing waiting list than take 
one of 115,000 empty prop- 
erties on nm-down, vandal- 
ized estates. 

Inquiry is 
on bailing 
by courts 

By Philip Webster 
Chief Political 
Correspondent \ 

The Government has or- 
dered a study into the way 
courts grant bail after what it 
regards as an alarming rise in 
the number of remand pris- 
oners exacerbating the accom- 
modation crisis in jails. 

Figures published last week 
in the Home Office's criminal 
statistics for England and 
Wales show wide regional 
variations in custody rates. 

Last year 9,700 prisoners, or 
about 20 per cent of the total 
were on remand, mainly un- 
tried. Since 1978 the prison 
population has risen by about 
4,500. of which about 4,000 
were in the “untried" pop- 

Remand prisoners also put 
a disproportionate strain on 
the system. They are accorded 
special privileges, including 
the right to wear their own 
clothes and to receive regular 

Because their cases are 
“live” they are regularly vis- 
ited by solicitors, and have to 
be accompanied on trips to 
and from the courts. 

Although the Government 
cannot interfere with the pow- 
ers of the courts to remand 
people in custody or on bail, 
the Home Office has sent 
circulars to magistrates 
emphasizing the alternatives 
to remanding in custody, such 
as bail and remanding for 
special social reports. 

But ministers believe that 
the spirit of the Bail Act, 
which establishes the pre- 
supposition that defendants 
will get bail unless there is 
good reason for them not to, is 
not being observed by some 

In a recent report the Prison 
Reform Trust referred to the 
“bad lottery", suggesting that 
whether bail was granted de- 
pended on where the case took 

Ministers have asked the 
research and planning unit of 
the Home Office to carry out 
an inquiry on the variations 
between chosen areas to see 
whether they are justified. 

Ministers could issae 
tougher guidance to the courts 
if they are unhappy with the 

A unique employment service based on trust 

Many people think of The Corps only as 
providing uniformed staff 
Whilst this is our main business, ive also 
provide qualified non-uni formed staff on a 
permanent basis as office managers, 
building services managers: administration 
officers, estate supervisors and caretakers, 
warehouse controllers.' receptionists, 
registry and post room personnel and 
many other similar posts. And because 
these functions are carried out in the 
Services, our men and women have 
thoroughexperience in theseareas. 

Ministers believe that such 
accommodation can be made 
more desirable by redesigning 
it to repel invades. 

. ■ Measures such as entry 
phones, sew doors and locks 
and improved lighting will be 
carried out on four estates in 
Loudon — at Brent, Lewi- 
sham, Southwark and 

Other caiget areas include 
estates in Derby, Leicester, 
Sheffield, South Tyneside, 
Gateshead and Langbaurgh in 
Cleveland. . 

The work of “hardening” 
the estates will be supervised 
by the Urban Housing Re- 
newal Unit in conjunction 
with local authorities. The 

unit’s budget for next year 
from the Department of 
Environment has recently 
been in crease d from £50 mil- 
lion to £75 million. 

About £227,000 wffl be 
spent on 400 homes in four 
1 1 -storey tower bkx&s.on the 
Silwood estate in Lewisham. 
The money will be spent on 
video entry phones, new locks 
on doors and windows and 
better lighting. Entry lobbies 
wifi also be redesigned and 
special screens wfil befitted to 
balconies to stop intruders 

ahsailmg down buildings tO 


On -one low-rise block on 
foe Gaywood estate in South- 
walk, doors operated by an 

will be fitted 

To date, the unit has spent 
£39 m illi on on ref urbishing 
run-down council property 
and giving tenants a voice in 
estate management, but only a 
email proportion has gone on 
crime prevention meas ure s. 

• The Government is to 
crack down on the building of 
laige new estates in the 
countryside and on the edge 
of towns, mainly in the south 
of England (Sheila Gunn 

writes). . . - . . . 

A new p lanning circular is 

expected to be drawn up by 
the Department of Environ- 

ment, backing local councils 
which attempt ' to block 
controversial new estates. It is 
jflceiv to emphasize the 
—M m 1 * ahn rtf entirine 

developers to make, use of 
derelict inner cities, rather 
than “green field sites”. 

This has been welcomed by 
a group of Conservative back- 
benchers, who hare^ been 
campaigning for tighter 

Mis Margaret Thatcher said 
in a fetter to Mr Robert Adley, 
MP for Christchurch: “Our 
co mmi t m ent to the Green 
Belt and to other wefl-estab- 
lished policies for the 
conservation of the. country- 
side remains firm". 


Critics of the proposed 
Channel tunnel are planning 
to wtot ihe pubBc that an 
investment in the pzqject will 
.produce “an uncert ain and 
much delayed return”! 

The Commons Sdect Com- 
mittee on the Channel Tun- 
nel, winch sat for 34 days, is 
doe to publish its report in the 
next week or so. 

.Then the SSL given a 
second reading before MPs 
rose for theT summer recess, 
wffl be. sent to a Commons 
committee for scrutiny. 

According to g o v ern ment 
officials there is no reason yet 
to revise tte timetable, which 
proposes that tire Bill should 
be on the statute hook by the 
middle of next year. 

Bat Mr Teddy Taylor, 
Conservative MP, for South- 

‘Syllabus reform’ 
to curb leftists 

By Nicholas Wood, Political Reporter 

A radical plan to impose a 
national curriculum on 
Britain's schools is being 
drawn up by a group of right- 
wing ministers and back- 
benchers for inclusion in the 
Conservative Party manifesto 
for the next election. 

The move is part of the 
gathering Conservative as- 
sault on local authority con- 
trol over education. It is 
intended to curtail drastically 
the powers of councillors to 
influence the shape and con- 
tent of lessons. 

It is particularly aimed at 
left-wing councils intent on 
promoting a progressive ap- 
proach to matters such as sex 
education, nuclear weapons 
and political education in the 
classroom at the expense of 
traditional subjects. 

The group behind the plan 
believes that on present trends 
many inner city Labour coun- 
cils will become “ungovern- 

The plan for a curriculum 
determined by the Depart- 
ment 'of Education and Sci- 
ence, covering about 85 per 
cent of the timetable and' 
spelling out both the relative 
balance between subjects and 
their content is dosely related 
to other moves recently dis- 
closed in The Times: 

• A transfer of control over 
school budgets from local 
education authorities to newly 
constituted boards of gov- 

• The break-up of big coun- 
cils, especially the London 
boroughs, into smaller, more 
manageable units with tittle 
more than “parish pump" 

The changes are being fed to 
the so-called A team of senior 

Cabinet ministers drafting the 

Ministers pressing for the 
changes believe that by break- 
ing local authority control 
over schools they can create 
an education system that both 
relieves parental anxieties 
about academic and disci- 
plinary standards and re- 
sponds to their wishes about 
how sensitive matters should 
be dealt with in the classroom. 

They recognize that then- 
proposals will also weaken the 
powers of shire councils, but 
believe they have no option. 

Of the three interlocking 
proposals being canvassed 
only one, the plan for budget- 
ary autonomy, steins directly 
from the manifesto working 
group on education, chaired 
by Mr Kenneth Baker, Sec- 
retary of State for Education 
and Science. 

But the other two are likely 
to be greeted with favour by 
the Prime Minister. 

A paper produced by the 
group envisages the setting up 
of a 20-member national 
curriculum council made up 
of local authority repre- 
sentatives to advise the Sec- 
retary of State. 

• Teachers should not re- 
gard a system of performance 
assessment as a weapon to be 
used against them, Mrs Angela 
Rumbold. Minister of Stole 
for Education, told a con- 
ference in London yesterday 
(Our Education Reporter 

‘ Appraisal was not a weapon 
for weeding out the incom- 
petent, but a chance for every 
teacher to reflect on how he or . 
she could improve perfor- 
mance in the classroom, she 
said. . 

Tenders for collecting 
refuse ‘may save £ 80 m’ 

By Kenneth Gosling 

Competitive tendering for 
refuse collection services by 
local authorities in England 
and Wales could lead to 
potential savings as high as 
£80 million a year, according 
to a new survey published in 
the November issue of Fiscal 

It claims that the scope for 
generating savings in costs, 
without loss in the quality of 
service to householders, is 

The researchers — Simon 
Domberger, of the London 
Business School, and Shirley 
Meadowcroft and David - 

Thompson, of the Institute for 
Fiscal Studies - say compel- , 
itive tendering has already ! 
reduced costs by an average of j 
22 per cent in the case of 38 : 
out of more than 400 authori- j 
ties which use this system. 

Their findings are based on 1 
a detailed econometric in- 
vestigation of waste collection 
statistics for England and 
Wales in 1983-84 and 1984- 
85. They say these have 
important implications for the 
controversial proposals to ex-, 
tend competitive tendering 
announced recently in die 
Queen's Speech. 

in power 

By Charles Kneritt - 
Architecture Correspondent 

The bitter struggle for 
leadership of 27,000 members 
of the Royal* Institute of 
British Architects comes to a 
head tonight when the official 
presidential candidate, ‘ Mr 
Raymond Andrews, meets his 
challenger, Mr Rod Hackney, 
in a public debate in London. 

Although . many members 
outside the capital see its role 
either as a Londo n du b for 
partners in private practice or, 
at best, an expensive irrele- 
vance, more than 10,000 are 
expected to cast their vote by 
the time polling doses next 
week. The result will be 
announced on December 10. 

Apathy has been cast aside 
as each candidate has lobbied 
hard on conflicting policies: 
Mr Andrews is committed to 
preserving the status quo with 
minor reforms, and Mr Hack- 
ney is provocatively promis- 
ing to rock the boat on a 
radical ticket which could see 
the departure of the institute 
secretory, Mr Patrick Har- 

Mr Andrews's manifesto 
includes setting up regional 
practice bureaux. 

He organized the institute's 
Festival of Architecture in 
1984, celebrating its 150th 
anni versary. The event is 
perhaps best remembered for 
the Prince of Wales’ con- 
troversial speech about “car- 
buncles” and “stumps". - 

Mr Hackney is a commu- 
nity architect, as well as a 
successful developer ' and 
house-builder, and one of the 
architectural advisers to the 

He is campaigning on re- 
form of the construction in- 
dustry lobby, the Group of 
Eight, more schools of 
architecture, a stronger re- 
gional and branch structure 
and long-term reform. 

Mr Richard Rogers, last 
year's Royal Gold medalist for 
architecture. Mr Michael 
Manser, immediate past-pres- 
ident of the institute, Mr Colin 
Stansfield Smith, Hampshire 
county architect, and Mr Fred 
Roche, of consultants Conran 
Roche back Mr Andrews. 

Mr Hackney’s supporters 
include Sir Hugh Casson, Mr 
Cedric Price, Mr Keith Scott, 
chairman of the country’s 
largest multi-disciplinary 
practice, BDP, and .his run- 
ning-mate. Mr David Rock, 
banned from attendiqg meet- 
ings of the institute's policy 
committee over his support 
for the unofficial candidate. : 

A canoeist fighting the swol- 
len waters of the Kiver Exe 
in Devon yesterday after; 
heavy rain tinned the anally 
rytm waters into sw gfia g 
rapids. . 

in die 18-raBe Exe 
race from Tiverton to Exeter 
were forced to retire* 

rnUHons of pounds. 

“It should not be fo rgotten 
that the Go v er nm ent has re- 
sisteda public uKpmy. 

“The b® financial instite- 
tions have already drown then* 
reluctance to pat in money. 
For the primary shareholder 
the return will be uncertain 
and delayed. There isunfikely 
to be any profit in less than 
seven years." 

Ridley to 
fire report 


Mr Nicholas Ridley win 
respond tins week to Sir John 
Gartick’s highly critical re po rt 
on die fire at Hampton Court 
Palace last March, in which 
' the Cartoon gallery and port of 
{Sr Christopher Wren’s south 
wing iff the Fountain Court 
were des troy ed. 

. The Department of the 
Environment denied reports 

At least two p 
taken to hospital 
injuries and 
worth hundreds 
was damaged. 

ile were 
ft minor 

corruption in buskfing con- 
tracts. • 



SDLP leader calls for talks 

Mr John Hume, the leader 
of Northern Ireland's Social 
Democratic and Labour 
Party, has challenged Union- 
ist politicians to start talks 

with his party “on an equal 

■V footing", to reach a political 
IV settlement in the province 
1 1 within the context of the 

y-, m B Anglo-Irish accord. 

COIDS* ^ Britain had now declared 
nfrnmmiswwHiTK itself neutral on the question 
of Irish unity. Mr Hume, who 
is MP for roue, said in his 
address to the party's annual 

conference at Newcastle, CO 

. He described that as a 
significant advance. The Gov- 
ernment had declared that 
Irish unity was solely -a matter 
for those wanting it to per- 
suade those who did not 
Of all the ^critics of the 
Hillsborough Agreement, only 
the Unionists had recognized 
its true significance: that they 
had lost their unconditional 
veto, something that had not 
served them or the people of 

Northern Ireland well, Mr 
Hiune said. 

Renewing his repeated ap- 
peals to the Unionists to enter 
talks be said: “The question 
now is whether they have the 
self-confidence to face the rest 
of us on an equal fooling”. 

The Anglo-Irish agreement 
provided the framework Tor. 
such talks and slogans such as 
“Not an inch" and “No 
surrender" had not brought 
any closer the peace for which 
Unionists yearned. 

A- A deeper Hue '? 


8 . A f rut j ter rio f e? 

'jVfcen ■ ) 

V ¥ \ , 

% i IL / 

c. A /ho^e rounded body? 


St nr ply usrrj-e or no again sf Me letters 
A,8*ndC on a piece of paper ant/ 

send it -ho US with /our name and address 

ho react, us before 5bt 1187. Jf ue 

bbi*ik- Y oUre on fke- eijhf freckj 
*e‘ff Send you a smaf/ buf perfed/ y 

forced measure of pleasure ho ensure 

your / do /* experf-fte on Me subject". 


Tonneau Coo*pdtht:on'. .. • 

/ 95 C*n+*diS+ t LpnJon 



*:re rent 


to pay 
rates for locums 

Goose patrol guards Christmas trees 


Health aufoorities are being 
forced to pay huge sums to 
private locum agencies pro- 
viding temporary medical 
cover as more doctors opt for 
high private rates. 

Hospitals are paying op to 
three, times the amount they 
would pay for doctors under 
the National Health Service 
system and the charges are 
spiralling. One health auth- 
ority said that agency fees had 
completely wiped out all the 
savings it had made through 
putting other services out to 

Mr Phillip Hamblin, deputy 
unit administrator at West 
Hill Hospital, Dartford, said: 
“It is a seller's market. The 
agencies know that we can't 
find any locums so they can 
charge what they like. 7 ’ 

The National Association of 
Health Authorities (Naha) has 
now asked the Department of 
Health and Social Security to 
impose fixed rates to stop 
agencies further pushing up 
charges, now between £9 and 
£12 an hour. 

That would be backed up by 
a register so that the NHS 
could only use agencies 
operating the set rates. 

A recent Naha survey 
showed that 56 out of 8S 
health authorities used private 
agencies at a cost of up to 
£250,000 a year. 

Until now most health - 
authorities have been able to 
recruit locums — doctors who 
worit for temporary periods to 
fill in for holidays or sickness 
or where a post cannot be 
filled — by advertising locally 

By J31 Sherman . 

or through the British Medical 

But now doctors, attracted 
by earning of at least twice 
the NHS rate and travel 
expenses, are registering with 

Some doctors are setting up 
their own agencies to reap the 
agency fee. “Locum agencies 
are being set up by a doctor 
who is the only doctor an the 
agency’s books," Mr Brian 
Aisbitt, district general man- 
ager at South Tyneside Health 
Authority, sakL 

Last financial year South 
Tyneside spent £40,000 on 
locums. This year tire district 
has already spent £72,000. 

Over the past three months 
West. Hill Hospital has ad- 
vertised for 15 locums for 
different specialities, at 
mainly senior house officer 

Ten advertisements at- 
tracted no applicants at alL 

The hospital is now paying 
£719 per week for each senior 
house officeriocum through a 
local agency, instead of £292 a 

Mr Hamblin said that some 
doctors he approached said 
they would only take the job if 
they were hired through an 

The dearth of locums has 
been exacerbated by a short- 
age ofjunior doctors, many of 
whom ‘ now opt for general 
practice, reductions in junior 
doctors' hours and new regula- 
tions applying to overseas 
doctors which limit them to a 
four-year study period in this 

One regional health 
authority, using a number of 
private agencies, is paying 141 
per cent more for a senior 
house officer on a special rota. 

For a 104-hour week the 
authority pays £1,045 
locum on average, u 
£433 under the NHS. 

The doctor gets £10 instead 
of £4 an hour, roughly 80 per 
cent of the agency fee. Week- 
end work is even more expen- 
sive. with the authorii 
21 J per cent over the 

For working from 5pm on 
Friday to 9am on Monday, a 
consultant can earn £724, 
when he would only get £291 
through, tire NHS. The region 
has to pay out £906 for his 
services. - 

The health authorities, in 
trying to make efficiency sav- 
ings and avoid cuts in patient 
services, are trying to get 
round the problem in various 

Trent Regional Health 
Authority has set up its own 
computerized locum bank, 
partly to save money and 
partly to ensure some land of 
qualrty control. 

Instead of having to apply 
for advertisements m the Brit- 
ish Medical Journal doctors 
can register with the bank after 
going through a rigorous vet- 
ting procedure. 

“Vetting isa very important 
part of the exerase, with a 
private agency you never 
know who is going to turn up. 
We reject 10% of those that are 
supplied," Mr Roger Arkfll, 
the regional manpower plan- 
ning officer said. 

Geese watching over Mr Geoff Field’s 10,000 fir trees yesterday at Lamberharst, Kent (Photograph: Mark Pepper). 

National credit 
register closer 

By Michael Dynes 

Britain’s financial institu- 
tions are moving towards the 
establishment of a national 
register which will eventually 
record all personal credit 
transactions and monitor the 
progress of existing financial 

The register would enable 
all subscribing financial in- 
stitutions to check a prospec- 
tive borrower’s credit profile 
before granting any aridrttnngi 
loans or crediL 

Advocates of the scheme 
say that the register would 
. minimise tire risks^aH cred- 
itors face in making bad loans 
and reduce borrowers' ability 
to over-extend themselves, a 
problem recently highlighted 
in The Times Homefiont 

At present there are two 
credit reference agencies, die 
United Association for the 
Protection of Trade and Con- 
sumer- Credit Nottingham, 
which supply details on 
prospective borrowers to subs- 

Information is obtained 
from the county courts, the 
bankruptcy register and from 
financial records of subscrib- 
ing credit companies. 

Subscribers include most of 
the leading finance houses, in- 
store retail credit cards and 
mail order catalogues. 

But the register is only 
partially effective because a 
□umber of large creditors, 
including the main banks and 
their credit subsidiaries. Ac- 
cess and Visa, have been 
reluctant to supply the credit 
agencies with information on 
their customers for fear of 
jeopardising the confidential- 
ity of the tradi tonal customer- 
bank relationship. 

But as a result of pressure 
from the Office of Fair Trad- 
. ing the banks have agreed in 
principle to supply informa- 
tion on customer defaults and 
are negotiating how that will 
be provided. 

Some building societies 
have also expressed interest in 
participating in the credit 
reference system. 

While most creditors ^ seem 
to be reconrified towards the 
establishment of a national 
audit register; dvU liberties 
group® and consumer advice 
organizations have ex p re sse d 

reservations about the form 
such a system may eventually 

Mr FhiHp Cook, Marketing 
eer of * 

the trade protec- 
tion association however, said 
that such anxieties are 
misplaced. . . 

“The credit industry is fre- 
quently criticized for granting 
credit unwisely, and regarded 
with suspicion when it seeks 
information on borrowers’ 
existing commitments,” he 

“But if society wishes to use 
credit extensively, it has to be 
prepared for this kind of 
information to be held on a 
national basis.” 

The Office of Fair Trading 
endorsed that view by point- 
ing to the benefits a national 
register could offer creditors 
eager to avoid making unwise 
loans, and borrowers who 
would benefit from an institu- 
tional constraint on their 
propensity to over-extend 

h added: “There is no doobt 
that we will get a national 
credit register in the end, 
though we will be many years 
behind other countries”. 

Wine labels may have 
to list all ingredients 

By Robin Yeung 

Wine labels may eventually producers can use alk al is such 

have to detail a list of a bottle's 
ingredients if a report by foe 
European Parliament’s 
environment committee is 
adopted by the EEC in Brus- 

At present the EEC allows a 
wide range of additives and 
other substances to be used in 
wines, including sulphur as a 
preservative, cultured yeasts 
to control fermentation, 1 
chemicals to feed yeasts, tar- 
trates to precipitate acids, 
tannin to preserve red wine, 
sulphate to reduce 

as chalk to reduce acidity. 

Sulphur dioxide, a common 
preservative in white wine, 
can worsen the condition of 
asthmatics and pose some 
health risk, while diabetics are 
affected by the amounts of 
residual sugar in wines which 
can be considerable even 
when they are “dry" . 

Hitherto the EEC has re- 
fused to change wine labelling 
regulations beyond introduc- 
ing a statutory indication of 
the alcoholic content Wine 
yanriak in Austria and Ger- 
' ’ ' this 


copper sulphate to — . , , 

sulphides and carbon dioxide many last year and Italy i 
to provide bubbles. year involved illegal additi 

In southern European wines (diethylene glycol and mettaj 
it is permitted to add tartaric 
and citric adds to improve 
acidity, while hi England and 
most of Germany wine 

nol respectively) which would 
not have been declared on the 
labels by those selling the 

Schools to 
get facts 
on Aids 

The Government is taking 
urgent action to ensure that 
school teachers give pupils afl 
the facts on the dangers of 
acquired immune 
syndrome (Aids). 

It wants to expand Aids 
teaching techniques by “get- 
ting every available feet about 
the virus into the hands of 
teachers” so they can satisfac- 
torily answer children’s ques- 

The Department of Edu- 
cation and Science said yes- 
terday that the Government 
was considering com- 
missioning an inde pend ent 
body to prepare detailed guid- 
ance material for the project. 

At present teachers use a 
booklet. Children at School 
and Problems related to Aids. 
circulated by the department 
in June. The new detailed 
material wfll be compiled in 
consultation with the Depart- 
ment of Health and Social 

All secondary schools win 
take part. The Government 
may also extend the project to 
middle schools to reach youn- 
ger children 

The project will com- 
plement the Government’s 
£20 million warning cam- 
l begins today. The 
it of Education 
said: “We are looking at the 
best way of playing a part in 
the general Aids campaign. 

There have already been 
565 cases of Aids in Britain 
and 384 deaths. It is estimated 
that at least another 30,000 
people are earners. 

The Government ca mp aign 
wiO be extended to the shop 
from - this week with an appeal 
to workers to adopt a sympa- 
thetic approach to colleagues 
who may be Aids victims. 

Mr Kenneth Clarke. Min- 
ister for Employment will 
launch the Aids, workplace 

campaign today to coincide 
with the publication of an 
advice booklet 
The Department of Em- 
ployment and the Health and 
Safety Executive have drawn 
up giriHriinttg on industrial 
relations problems which 
could arise from the disease. 

The leaflet informs workers 
that people dismissed because 
they are Aids carriers or 
suspected of carrying the dis- 
ease will be able to appeal to 
an industrial tribunal. 

A free-phone advice cam- 
paign combining the resources 
of BBC Radio 1 and Aids 
counselling organizations was 
announced at the weekend. 

Back in trim 

A Merlin engine from a 
Hurricane which crashed at 
King's Lynn, Norfolk, 46 
years ago has been restored by 
the Fenland Aircraft Preserva- 
tion Society after it was found 
buried in an orchard. 

ITV pours 
£20m into 
line-up for 

Independent Television is 
patting nearly £20 million into 
a fine-up of festive spectacu- 
lars and top feature films to 
win the battle for Christmas 

Torvill and Dean, foe ice 
skaters, bead the fine-up with 
the world premiere of their 
most ambitious project to date, 
foe multi-minion pound Fire 
end Ice. 

Bob GeWof and a host of 
pop stars win be roddug 
around foe Rod: in a concert 
mi board HMS Ark Royal 
moored off Gibraltar and Jim 
Davidson, the comedian, will 
also be with foe forces, a 
West Germany entertaining 
the Army. 

Featmw Sms over Christ- 
mas include Sean Connery’s 
retvu as Janies Bond in Never 
Say Never Again; Trading 
Places, with Eddie Murpfay 
and Jamie Lee Cutis; 
Fktskdamce starring Jennifer 
Beals; Best Friends with 
Goldie Hawn and Bort Reyn- 
olds; Airplane IP, and Super- 
man actor Christopher Reeve 
in Monsignenr. 

Many of Brilam’s fending 
per f o r mers wfll appear in a 
specially produced variety 
show. Night of 100 Stars, in 
aid of Help the Aged. 

Stars with their own shews 
during the two-week Christ- 
mas season indnde Chas and 
Dave, Cilia Black, Jimmy 
Tarbock, Bobby Davra, Mike 
Yarwood, BSy Connolly, 
Brace Forsyth and Des 

There will be special edi- 
tions of popular sitaation com- 
edies sudi as Dutyfree, and of 
top quiz shows. 

Cheryl Bakerjbe Backs 
Fizz singer, plays the title role 
in a 90- minute production of 
Cinderella, with Danny La 
Roe as foe stepmother and 
Brian Murphy and Roy Hndd 
as foe Ugly Sisters. 

Drama offerings will indnde 
The Challenge with Tim 
Pfgott-Suiifo, and John Wood 
starring in a dramatic mini- 
series reliving the 1983 
America's Cap yachting con- 

Channel 4 
due soon 

The directors of Channel 4 
will meet on Tuesday to dis- 
cuss foe channel's future (Our 
Media Correspondent writes). 

The meeting comes anrid 
indications that the Govern- 
ment would like to see the 
network split away from foe 
control of the independent 
television system. 

No dedsions are Bkdy to be 
taken by the 16-meraber 
Channel 4 board, which is 
deeply divided over a proposal 
that the channel be tmned into 
a fall competitor to the exist- 
ing ITV companies. 

It is thought that foe 
directors' derision wfll not be 
foe final one. Mr David Shaw, 
bead of the Independent Tele- 
vision Companies Associa ti on, 
«aiii that the future of foe 
channel would be decided 
ultimately by the Government. 

In 1985, foe expense of 
naming Channel 4 exceeded 
revenue by £17 m il li on. A 

recent report concluded that it 

was now on the brink of 

Drug detectives start course on cash 

By Stewart Temfler 
Crime Reporter 
Two dozen detectives from 

drug squads across Britain will 

today will today start a course 
in investigative accountancy 
and receivership in prepara- 
tion for foe new Act allowing 
confiscation of drug traf- 
fickers' assets. 

For the next two weeks the 
detective* will be taught how 
to trace and freeze assets by 
soeakm expected , to include 

one of the National Union of 

Mineworkere sequestrators. 

The course at the Metro- 
politan Police training centre 
in Hendon, north London, 
wfll be the first of several to be 
held over the next lew 

The detectivesare attending 
foe course to prepare for the 
full implementation of the 
Drug Trafficking Offences Act 
in the new year. 

A similar course for their 

counterparts in the customs 
investigation branch is also 
under way this week. A unit of 
1 5 has already been trained. 

The Act allows for the 
seizure and freezingof assets 
when arrests of traffickers or 
dealers are made. 

Although the Act is aimed 
at Ing criminals it could be 
applied to all dealers. Last 
year 4,900 offenders were 
cautioned or convicted for 

Both the police and senior 
customs officials ackow ledge 
that the new Act is going to 
mean that the special asset 
tracking teams will have to 
-work alongside the normal 
investigating teams from the 
start of an operation. 

By the time the customs 
officers have completed their 
training and all units are in 
place they should have about 
45 officers available. 

Delinquency research 

More jobs ‘may cut crime’ 

By Pieter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

Young people are more youths with lower status jobs, 
likely to commit crime when But there was little difference 
they are out of work, accord- between crime rates just be- 
fore leaving school and just 
afterwards in full-time 

ing to a research study. 

An investigation of crime 
and delinquency among more 
than 400 males which began 
when they were aged eight and 
continues now they are 31-32 
has delved into their pasts to 
see the effect of 

A fell in youth unemploy- 
ment “might have benefits in 
reducing crime,” researchers 
from the Institute of 
Criminology, Cambridge 
University say. 

Crime rates were higher 
during periods of unemploy- 
mem than of employment, 
according to their article in 
The British Journal of Crim- 

That was particularly true 
for offences involving ma- 
terial gain, at the younger ages 
(15-16), for the most defin- 
quent-proDe youths, and for 

in tun-time em- 

Joblessness did not seem to 
cause basically law-abiding 
youths to commit crimes. 

“The relation with crime 
was greatest for those who 
were the most predisposed 
towards offending.” 

The study has developed a 
method of predicting crimin- 
ality at the age of 10. Seven 
factors are involved: three are 
measures of bad behaviour; 
others are social handicap 
(including low income, poor 
bousing and big families); 
poor parental child-rearing 
(including cruelty or neglect, 
erratic discipline and parental 
conflict); low verbal intelli- 
gence; and convicted parents. 

Unemployment associated 
with a history of lower status 
jobs was related to a high 

offending rate, unlike un- 
employment among people 
with higher status work. 

Surprisingly, the offending 
rate was lower during un- 
employment caused by dis- 
missal than during unemploy- 
ment caused by other reasons, 
but the difference was not sig- 

At the time they were first 
contacted the boys were all 
living in a working class area 
of London. The study on 
unemployment investigated 
the official crime rates of the 
boys between their fourteenth 
birthday and an interview at 
18 yean seven months, 
according to whether they 
were at school, in full-time 
employment, or unemployed. 

The Cambridge Study in 
Delinquent Development be- 
gan in 1962 and has included 
tests and interviews with the 
subjects by psychologists and 
social science graduates at 
various intervals over the 

Parents seek rights in Strasbourg 

The Government is to be 
challenged at the European 
Court of Human Rights in 
Strasbourg tomorrow by five 
parents who claim their rights 
were violated by the laws 
under which children are 
taken into care (Our Legal 
Affairs Correspondent writes). 

The cases have already been 
before the European Commis- 
sion of Human Rights which, 
in its confidential report. 

found breaches of various 
articles of the European 
Convention on human rights 
in all five. 

The cases concern the right 
of parents to have access to 
their children in local 
authority care and their right 
to challenge local authorities* 
refusal to grant access, if 
necessary, through the courts. 

In all the cases, which come 

from Essex, Birmingham, 
London, Gloucestershire, and 
Liverpool, the parents were 
denied access to their children 
when they wanted iL 

They were unable to chal- 
lenge those decisions through 
foe courts in breach of Article 
Six of the European Conven- 
tion, which guarantees a right 
of access to a court to deter- 
mine civil rights. 


Cash to go 
on gifts 
and a meal 

Three readers share the 
weekly Portfolio Gold prize of 

Mrs Joyce James, aged 55, 
from Chippenham, in Wilt- 
shire, has {flayed foe Portfolio 
Gold game since it started is 
The Times. 

Her reaction to the win: “It 
is Hfibelievable”. 

When asked how she in- 
tended spending her share of 
foe prizemoney, Mrs James 
said: “111 buy some Christmas 
presents and save what is left 
over until I deride what to do 
with it". 

Mr Jonathan Lawes, aged 
50, an accountant from Ealing, 
west London, disclosed that be 
wifi share bis prize money with 
“nine or 10” colleagues who 
had been {flaying foe Portfolio 
Gold game with him. 

He said the group wifi 
probably “have a good meal 
together” and share what was 
left over. 

The other winner is Mrs A 
M Abbott, from Hemel Hemp- 
stead, Hertfordshire. 

Readers who wish to play 
foe game can obtain a Port- 
folio Gold card by sending a 
stamped addressed envelope 

Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, 

PO Box 40, 


BB1 6AJ. 

Grand Bard 
‘was ousted 
over views’ 

The former Grand Bard of 
foe Cornish Order of Bards is 
demanding a public inquiry 
into the circa instances leading 
to his resignation, claiming he 
was foe victim of a “kangaroo 

Mr Hugh Miners, aged 72, 
of Carnyorfo, near Land's 
End, says he fell fool of foe 
order's ruling body over 
recruitment and its policy on 
the role bards should play in 
public life. 

Miss Frances Hosier, a 
member of the Bardic council, 
refused to comment 

Man accused 
of abduction 

A man accused of abducting 
at knifepoint a mother aged 34 
and her two sons, aged three 
and 11. wifi appear before 
magistrates in Lowestoft, Suf- 
folk. today charged with 
a bd action and robbery. 

The woman, who has not 
been named, alleges that she 
and her children were taken 
from Lowestoft to London. 

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‘Band Aid’ for inner cities 
to be announced by Prince 

The Prince of Wales will 
announce a “Band Aid for the 
uijCT cities" on Thursday. 
JJ«ng his involvement with 
Bntajn’s housing problems a 
step further. 

t- Thc .£™F e hopes his initia- 
tive w,n help unemployed and 
padly housed people in the 
inner city in the same way that 
Bob Geklofs campaign has 
helped the starving in Africa. 

A group called the Inner 
City Trust is being formed at 
the Prince's instigation to help 
community groups carry out 
building, youth and employ- 
ment projects. 

The Prince will be patron of 
the trust Trustees include 
Cord Scarman, author of the 
repon on the Bruton riots, 
Evelyn de Rothschild, mer- 
chant banker, and Sir Frank 
Layfield. QC, who recently 
conducted the SizeweU nuc- 
lear power station inquiry. 

The Prince is to launch his 
venture in London at a con- 
ference, “Building Com- 
munities”, the first 
international conference on 
community architecture, 
planning and design. 

He will also announce the 
second year of the Commu- 
nity Enterprise Scheme, of 
which he is patron, sponsored 
by The Times and the Royal 
Institute of British Architects, 
and funded by the Caiousie 
Gulbenkian Foundation. 

The fund-raising aim of the 

By Christopher Waiman, Property Correspondent 

trust is to be called Inner City 
Aid, and because the Prince 
cannot be directly involved in 
raising money, a Gektof-type 
figure is being sought to lead 
the campaign. 

Several Band Aid staff are 
already helping, and campaign 
events will probably include a 
Wembley pop concert at- 
tended by the Prince and 
Princess of Wales and their 

One of the trust's first 
moves will be to ask com- 
merce and industry to provide 
places in companies to train 
community entrepreneurs — 
people with skills in the fields 
of financing and gram aid, 
construction or job creation. 

They will then either go 
back to their own commu- 
nities or act as roving experts 
throughout the country. 

There is no specific funds 
target for the trust, but it is 
thinking in terms of hundred 
of millions of pounds. Mr Rod 
Hackney, the community 
architect and one of the 
Prince's advisers, said yes- 
terday that the aim was to be 
the Band Aid for Britain. 

“It is as big as that because 
we need to be that ambitious. 
Our inner cities are festering 
because they are in a transi- 
tion period between local 
authorities doing most of the 
work and the emphasis on free 
enterprise encouraged by the 
present government." 

Mr Hackney said that inner 
cities were not very attractive 
for private investment, but 
that with a little risk they 
could provide huge returns. 
“The best way of guaranteeing 
that return is to involve ana 
enthuse local residents to care 
for their environment. 

“They must be involved in 
the design of local housing, 
there must be self-building, 
and they must be encouraged 
to maintain and look after 
their environment." 

The trust's task would be to 
provide an injection of capital 
and expertise to act as a 
catalyst for private invest- 
ment. “That will lead to self- 
generating investment, which 
could follow in 18 months to 
two years. The key to success 
is to create long-term employ- 
ment in these areas." 

The trust will also en- 
courage projects which bring 
the public and private sector 
together with the voluntary 
movement and community 
groups, the third force in the 
regeneration of decaying ur- 
ban areas. 

It may also consider push- 
ing for legislation to ease the 
tax laws which prevent big 
companies giving money to 

The first year of the 
Community Enterprise 
Scheme highlighted the work 
of voluntary groups and 
community architects in run- 

down inner city areas of 

Of nearly 200 entries the 
Derry Inter City Project, 
Londonderry, won the Charles 
Douglas-Home award for the 
most outstanding scheme. 

. Since 1981. eight derelict 
buildings have been rebuilt 
and work is under way on 
another seven. About 500 
people are employed or in 
training to create facilities for 
young people including craft 
workshops, libraries, and 
tourist attractions. 

Another Community Enter- 
prise Scheme winner was the 
Zenzele Self-Build Housing 
Association plan under which 
unemployed people built 12 
one-bedroomed flats with a 
communal laundry and gar- 
den, for a total cost of 
£144,000 including land and 
professional fees. 

As a result, 11 of the 12 
association members have 
now found foll-time em- 
ployment and four have 
formed their own building 

In a third scheme, the 
Cal v ay Cooperative at Bar- 
lanark, Glasgow, with funding 
from the Scottish Housing 
Corporation, has been in- 
volved in refurbishing 336 
flats in the four-storey ten- 
ement blocks of the housing 
estate at a cost of about £5 

far V 


Mr Brian Miles, aged 18, a 
runner-up in the 1986 Dista 
Awards for Young Arthrifks, 
with a self-portrait 
Mr Miles, from east 
London, who is a student at 
Lough ton Art College, has 
also had a kidney transplant 
and his left leg amputated, but 
enjoys swimming, weight- 

training and airgim-shooCnig- 
He has passed three O levels, 
an A level, and his driving test 
and says that his greatest wish 
is to become an honorary 
Royal Marine. 

The awards are to be pre- 
sented tomorrow. 

(Photograph: Ros Drinkwater) I 


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Guernsey ‘outside 
for right to home 9 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

The Government, has made 
a last-minute attempt to avoid 
an embarrassing ruling against 
it today at the European Court 
of Human Rights in Stras- 
bourg in a case brought by a 
Guernsey couple who were 
fined for living in their own 

Mr Gerald Gillow, aged 70, 
and his wife, Yvonne, are 
claiming that the Guernsey 
housing law is really a “sur- 
rogate immigration law" to 
control the number of people 
coming to live on the island. 

The couple’s claim that 
their rights have been violated 
in respect of property and 
family life have ban upheld 
by the European Commission 
of Human Rights, and the 
court usually endorses its 

But in a late submission to 
the court, the Government is 
now contesting one of the 
couple's two main claims on 
the ground that the relevant 
Protocol of the European 
Convention on Human Rights 
does not apply to Guernsey. 

The Giilows moved to the 
island in 1956 when Mr 
Gillow took up a job there. 
They bought a plot offend and 
built their own bouse. 

They left in 1960 when Mr 
Gillow took up a new post 
with the Food and Agriculture. 
Organization, and the house 
was let 

While they were away, 
changes were made in the 
housing laws which brought in 
a new condition of the 
residents' qualifications: a 
person had to be resident in 
Guernsey on July 31, 1968. to 
qualify to live there. 

In 1978 the Giilows wrote to 
the housing authority saying 
they proposed to return, and 
were told they could not do so. 
A licence to occupy the house 
was refused because of the 
“advene housing situation" at 
that time. 

The couple moved back 
into their home and were 
fined and told they could 
reside in Guernsey for 90 days 
only in any year. Their appeals 
were dismissed. 

The Giilows felt obliged to 
sell their bouse in 1980 and 
decided to take their case to 
Strasbourg to seek either 
restoration of residents' rights 
or compensation. 

They maintain that the 
housing few is discriminatory 
in that it does not stop wealthy 
people coming to the island. 

They also claim that the few 
is invalid as Guernsey is 
debarred from legislating on 
immigration and nationality 

“We say that Guernsey is 
not independent, is not a 
country, and has no right to 
prevent Britons from going to 
reside there," Mr Gillow says. 

^ room . I Intrusion 

Prices of 
prints at 
new record 1 

By Geraldine Norman 
Sale Room 

Sotheby's five-session print 
sale in New York at the end of 
last week demonstrated that 
the money which is driving 
modem pictures to unheard of 
price levels this autumn is also 
chasing print prices higher. 
Art is enjoying a boom, 
particularly in America. 

In the wake of a multi- 
million record for a Jasper 
Johns painting, a set of his 
lithographs, comprising 10 
numerals from 0 to 9, printed 
in colours in 1968-69 soared 
to $154,000 (estimate $55- 

70.000) or £107,692 the high- 
est price paid in a sale of 
contemporary prints. 

Other artists of the popular 
post-war American generation • 
were also recording high 
prices. Andy Warhol’s 
“Marilyn", a set of 10 
sflkscreens of 1967, secured 
$33,000 (estimate $30-40,000) 
or £23,076, Robert 
Motherwell's “A la pumna" 
portfolio of 1968-72 illustrat- 
ing poems by Rafael Alberti 
brought $31,900 (estimate ; 
$25-30.000) or £22,307 and 
Frank Stella's engraving 
“Estoril Five IT" ofl 982 made i 
$30,800 (estimate $18-22,000). 
or £2 1,538. 

The print sale totalled 
£3,763,038 with only 6 per’ 
cent left unsold. The modem 
“Old Masters", such as Ma- 
tisse and Picasso, were sharing 
the boom. The top prices 
among the earlier prints was 
$101,750 (estimate $75- 

85.000) or £71,104 for a 
Matisse lithographic of 1925, 
a splendid image of a nude 
entitled “Nue au coussin bleu 
a cote d'une cheminee". 

The top priced Picasso 
prints included an impression 
of his famous 1904 etching, 
“Le repas frugal", at $93,500 
(estimate $50-60,000) or 
£65,384 and $79,750 (estimate 
$45-55,000) or £55,769 for his 
garishly coloured linoleum cut 
of 1962, “Buste de Femme au 
Chapeau". Chagall got in on 
the act with his colour litho- 
graphs, “The Ride” of 1970 at 
$35,200 (estimate $18-22,000)> 
or £24,598, selling to a Japa- 
nese dealer. 

to sue 

By Jonathan Miller 

Media Correspondent 

Mr Robert Maxwell, propri- 
etor of Minor Group News- 
papers, is to press ahead with 
iegd action against W H 
Smith, the country's largest 
newsagents, for distributing 
libellous editions of the maga- 
zine Private Eye. 

The company's chairman, 
Mr Simon Hornby, said at the 
weekend that he rejected Mr 
Maxwell's demand that it 
cease distribution of the 

Mr Maxwell's case against 
the newsagents follows his 
High Court victory against 
Private Eye. in which he was 
awarded damages and costs 
for the magazine's suggestions 
that he hid tried to buy a 
peerage by financing trips 
made by MrNeil Kinnock, the 
Labour leader. 

Mr Maxwell said his victory 
means that distributors of 
Private Eye will know the risks 
of continuing to sell the 
magazine, which be said had 
been proven to show a reckless 
j disregard for truth. 

by paper 

By Robin Young 

The Mail on Sunday was 
censured by the Press Council 
yesterday for “a particularly 
unwarranted intrusion" into a 
mental hospital where a dou- 
ble killer was a patient. The 
conduct of the newspaper's 
journalists was described as 
“inexcusable and dangerous". 

Redbridge Health Authority 
complained that journalists 
entered Goodmayes Hospital, 
Essex, by subterfuge. Mr 
David O’Neill, the camera- 
man, had bruised the arm of a 
nurse when leaving in haste, 
and his photograph of Dennis 
Foskett, the double killer, 
gettinga cup of tea in a kitchen 
had been published without 

The authority's district gen- 
eral manager complained that 
Mr O'Neill and Mr Richard 
Holliday, the reporter, had 
claimed they were friends of 

Mr Graham Mttiley, former 
managing editor of The Mail 
on Sunday, said that it had 
been in the public interest to 
establish Foskett's where- 
abouts, and important to show 
that he was living in a place 
with a low level of security. 

The Press Council adjudica- 
tion said that there had been 
no need to use subterfuge to 
establish the wherabouts of 
the patient. The health 
authority had already an- 
nounced where he was. The 
photographer had agreed that 
he took pictures of the patient 
because be recognized him 
from a picture the paper 
already held. 

A further complaint was 
upheld against The Mail on 
Sundays magazine section, 
You, for an “irresponsible" 
cartoon which suggested that 
children should splash lighter 
fuel on a barbecue and then 
toss in a lighted match. 

Mr Frank Heather, manag- 
ing editor, admitted that with 
hindsight proper consider- 
ation had not been given to 
the possibility that the cartoon 
could be read seriously. 

In a third adjudication the 
Press Council upheld a com- 
plaint against The Sun by the 
Labour group of Manchester 
City Council. An offer to print 
individual disclaimers from 
members of the group de- 
scribed in an article as Mili- 
tant Tendency supporters was 
an insufficient remedy, the 
council said. 

A further complaint about 
the use of the description 
“loony lefties" was rejected on 
the grounds that the phrase 
was imprecise and clearly 

Order won for 
palace bunker 

Mr Dan Dunton, a painter, 
of Wisbech, Cambridgeshire, 
has won an order to decorate 
12 stretched-fabric ceilings for 
King Fabd of Saudi Arabia. 

The ceilings, which have 
ornate borders, are to be used 
in the nuclear bunker . 

Libel writ 

Sir David Rowe-Ham, Lord 
Mayor of London, is suing 
Mail Newspapers for libel 
over a Daily Mail gossip 
column story about his entry 
in Who's Who. 



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Christmas shopping: 1 

More additive-free food 


The nation is preparing to 
spend £16 billion in the last 
few weeks to Christmas, 
breaking all known records for 

Credit worth more than £1 
billion will be raised, and the 
volume of sales will be a fifth 
more, compared . with the 
beginning of the decade. 

Conservative estimates are 
now that the average house- 
hold spends nearly £375 to the 
celebration of Christmas. In 
many houses nearly hal f that 
goes on food and drink for the 
few days of the holiday. 

Market analysts are sure 
that the year long surge in 
consumer spending is not 

Christmas spending this year , is set to exceed all 
records. In the first of two articles. Robot Young 
examines what will be different about this year's 
groaning festive board. 

of all artificial additives is 

For similar reasons whole 

are suddenly free or artificial . 
colouring, favours and pres- 
ervatives, in deference to the 
discriminating consumers 
who make a dose scrutiny of 
the £ numbers. 

going to falter before the 
holiday peak, despite a mild 

At Sainsbury’s, among oth- 
ers, the drive against artificial 
additives extends to the 
marzipan on the cakes as well. 

holiday peak, despite a mild 
hiccup in October. 

The sharp rise in incomes 
for those who are in employ- 
ment and the -easy availability 
of credit will keep spending 
going right through the Janu- 
ary sales. 

So what is different this 
Christmas? Well, the mince- 
pies for a start. Many super- 
markets. conscious of the 
concern about food and 
health, are stocking pies nuarfp. 
with wholemeal flour. 

Similarly, mincemeat free 

- While the turkey breeders 
are confident that they will sell 

more birds than ever before, 
and a greater proportion of 
them fresh instead of frozen, 
the stores are preparing to 
stock a greater variety of 
Christmas food. 

Goose, mallard, pheasant, 
partridge and venison will all 
be easily available to any who 
tire of turkey. 

Britain’s resurgent speci- 
forward to heavy (tern and for 

New M25 link 

By-pass will ease 
east coast traffic 

By Rodney Cowton, Transport Correspondent 

The Chelmsford by-pass in 
Essex opens today. It will 
mean that the A1 2 trunk road, 
the main route from London 
to the east coast prats of 
Felixstowe and Harwich, has 
dual carriageway from Wan- 
stead in east London to 
Ipswich. . 

It will also provide a good 
quality road link into the M25 
from the east, giving a route 
into the national motorway 

The nine-mile Chehnsfrad 
by-pass will be .formally 
opened by Lord Brabazon of 
Tara, an Under Secretary of 
State at the Deportment of 
Transport. Work on it, which 
began in July 1984, lias been 
earned out- by Cementation 
Construction. • ■ 

Major roadworks for the 
UK — November 24 fo Decem- 
ber 1: 

London and 

Mil London: Major road- 
works at Redbridge round- 
about (A12). 

M2 Kent Lane restrictions 
between junctions 5 and 7 
(Sittingbourne and Fav- 
ersham). Till end of 

MS) Kent Contraflow be- 
tween junctions 7 and 8 


M27 Hampshire: Contraflow 
near Southampton between 
junctions 2 and 3 (A31 and 
M271). No westbound exit at 
junction 2 and no westbound 
entry at junction 3 from 

M40 Oxfordshire Lane, clo- 
sures eastbound between junc- 
tions 5 and 6 (West Wy- 
combe/Princes Risborough). 
Down to one lane eastbound 
between junctions 6 and 7 
(Princes Risborough and 
Thame). Entry slip road at 
junction 7 dosed. 

M275 Hampshire: between 
M27 intersection and 
Rudmore roundabout, Ports- 
mouth. Construction of new 


Ml Nottinghamshire: contra- 
flow near junction 28 (A38 

MS Hereford and Worcester 
Contraflow between junctions 
4 and 5 (Bromsgrove and 
Droitwich). Various lane clo- 
sures between junctions 4 and 
8 (Bromsgrove and M6). 

M50 Hereford and Worcester 

Contraflow east of junction 4 
(A449 Ross on Wye). 

M54 West MkHands: Various 
lane closures between junc- 
tions 2 and 7 (A449 Wolver- 
hampton and AS Wellington). 

Ml South Yorkshire: Repair 
work between junctions 31 
and 33 (A57 Worksop mid 
A630 Rotherham). . Various 
slip road dosures at junctions 
31 and 32 (M18 interchange). 
Till end of January. 

M6 Lancashire: Roadworks at 
junction 23 (Merseyside). Till 
raid of December. Also 
contraflow between junctions 
29 and 32 (A6 Preston and 
M55 interchange). Till 

M18 Sooth Yorkshire: Con- 
traflow between junction 1 . 
and 2 (Rotherha m and 
A1(M)). Delays likely. TD1 late 
December. Abo contraflow 
between junctions 6 and 7 
(Thome and M62). South- 
bound exit and northbound 
entry slip roads dosed at 
junction 6. Delays likely. HU 
early December. 

M53 Lancashire: Closed for 
repairs between junctions 1 
and 2 (Merseysiae). Tin No- 
vember 30. 

M61 Lancashire; Construc- 
tion work at M6 interchange. 
Lane dosures both directions. 
Till December. 

M63 ' Greater. Manchester: 
Major widening at Barton 
Bridge. Various restrictions 
between junctions 1 and 7 
(M62 and A57) avoid if 
possible. Tin mid-December. 
M63 Greater Manchester; 
Link road from A34 junction 
10 to M63 northbound car- 
riageway reduced to single 
lane only fra badge painting. 

Wales and 
the West 

M4 Wiltshire: Contraflow be- 
tween junctions 16 and 17 
(Swindon and Cirencester). 
T1U December. 

M4 Mid-Glamorgan: Restric- 
tions both directions between 
junctions 34 and 35 (A41 19 
Uantrisant and A473 Bridg- 

MS Gloucestershire: Contra- 
flow at junction 14 (Thorn- 

tony). Northbound entry sKp 
road closed. . Till mid- 

MS Avon and Somerset Lane 
dosures northbound between 
junctions 20 and 21 (Cievedon 
and A370 Weston-super- 

Mare). Delays at peak times. 
TiD December. Also various 

TiD December. Also various 
restrictions between junctions 
22 and 28 (A38 Burnham-on- 
Sea and A3 73 Honiton). 


MS Glasgow: Construction 
work between junctions 15 
and 17 (city centre and Dum- 
barton) till March 1987. 

M9 Stirling: Barrier repairs 
between junctions 9 and 11. 
Outside lane dosed on both 


M90 Fife: Contraflow be- 
tween junctions 3 and 4 
(Dunfermline and Kefty) and . 
carriageway repairs between 
j unc tions 5 and 8 (Glenrothes 
hod A91 Gtenfeig). 

Information cemmpiled and 
supplied by AA Roadwateh. 
Other roadworks, page 20 

Wheel clamp ‘amnesty 

before privatization 

Wheel damping on cars 
parked illegally m central 
London has been suspended 
until nexr Monday when two 
private Bcensed contractors, 
under the direction of police 
officers and traffic wardens, 
take over foe work. 

The privatization is ex- 
pected to release 50 pofice 
officers for other duties, save 
hundreds of thousands of 
pounds, ami make St .possible 
to double the number of wheel 
dampings to 80,000 a year. 

The eventual privatization 

of the physical work of remov- 
ing illegally parked cars is 
expected to increase the num- 
ber of removals fivefold Id 

It is estimated that 350000 
illegal parkings occur in 
London every day. It has been 
costing the police an average 
£54 to remove a vefaide but an 
owner is charged only £45 to 
recover it 

Scotland .Yard wffl an- 
nounce details of its privatized 

wheel damping campaign at a 

their traditional farmhouse 

Real cheese, is suddenly as 
foshionaUe as real ale and real 

An increasing number of 
food shops are importing foie : 
gras from France (about £18 a 
pound), and a novelty offered 
by Putney’s of Scotland is 
caviare from China (£59.50 a 
250 gram tin). Scottish salmon 
fkrmere are confident of their 
best sales yet 

Further variety is promised 
by the wider distribution of 
German speciality Christmas 
cakes such .as StoHen and 
c mamm on-flavoured Ljebku- 
chen. . . 

Almost all the leading 
supermarket trains are offer- 
ing more expensive fine wines 
this year. At Marks and 
Spencer the vintage selection 
now runs up to a ChaUis 
Grand On .at £14.99, while 
Sainsbury’s has added a vin- 
tage champagne to its range. 

hens put 
Britain in 


Mr Ian Criag, who is owed £15,000 for firework displays, at his workshop (Photograph: Derail McNeebmce). 

£15,000 burns to the sound of music 

The man whose fi rewo rk s 
thrilled thousands at 
open-air concerts daring die 
Sommer & bow wondering bow 
he Is going to recover £154)60 
which literally west up in 
smoke after the company hired 
to promote the concerts west 
into liqmdation (Kenneth Gos- 

Tononmn Santa’s pricey 

Mr Ian Craig, the owner of 
Phoenix Fireworks, of Dart- 
ford, Kent, is rapaid in com- 
mon witfa the five orchestras 
owed a total of £70.000 for 

then performances at the 
Crystal Palace Concert BowL 

Bromley Council presented 
the concerts but sub-con- 
tracted the arrangements to 
Endwood Entertainments, of 
Salisbury, Wiltshire, which is 
now in liquidation. 

The orchestras - Royal 
Philharmonic, London Sym- 
phony, Bournemouth Sym-. 
phony, Philhaimonia and 
Wren — are beginning legal 
proceedings this week against 
Bromley coundL 

Mr John Burrows, manager 
of the Wren Orchestra, said: 
“We have no alternative but to 
sne. Bromley decided it did not 
have legal responsibility even 
though the concert brochures 
say ‘’London Borough of Brom- 
ley presents the Sunday sym- 
phony series’.” 

A meeting of Endwood 's 
creditors is taking place at 
Salisbury on December 3. Mr 
Craig is contemplating a sepa- 
rate action. 

**This year we did 14 con- 

certs altogether and only got 
paid for the first one,*' Mr 
Craig said. 

u We put an awful lot of 
trouble into them with set- 
pieces and individual displays 
made specially to match the 

The summer season was a 
success fra orchestras and 
fireworks, until the discovery 
about unpaid fees. All the 
concerts were well attended 
and there were twice sellout 
audiences of 10,000 apiece. 

By John Young 

Agriculture Correspondent 

The Government is facing 
the dilemma of whether to 
ignore the 2 dvice of its animal 
welfare body, which has con- 
demned foe battery cage sys- 
tem of egg production, or to 
risk a confrontation with EEC 
countries by agreeing to a ban. 

Last week the Farm Animal 
Welfare Council finally con- 
firmed its view that the bat- 
tery cage system is unaccept- 
able in its present form. 

Its report is being widely- 
distributed to retailers, 
distributors, consumer 
organizations, welfare bodies, 
and research establishments, 
and could have serious im- 
plications for an industry with 
sales of nearly £800 million a 

Each of us eats on average 
nearly 200 eggs a year, of 
which more than 90 per cent 
are produced in battery cages. 
That method of production 
has been one of the principle 
targets of animal rights 

Bui although only 2 per cent* 
of our eggs are imported, the 
EEC would consider any uni- 
lateral action by Britain to be 
against community regula- 
tions on free trade. 

The council says that, al- 
though the cage system meets 
some of its welfare criteria, the 
confinement restricts the 
birds' behaviour. 

The British Gas Prospectus 

Will Be Published Tomorrow 

If you have registered with the Share Information Office you will automatically 
be sent a prospectus together with a personalised application form, which should 
arrive soon. You should use this form if you decide to apply for shares and must use 
it to apply under the Customer Share Scheme. 

If you haven’t registered, you will find prospectuses and application 
forms in h ank s, post offices, gas showrooms and the press from tomorrow. 


Hurry if you want to apply for a share of the shares. — . - * - - 



UP AGAINST TIME by Jeanne Willis and Trevor Melvin 

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G ay or straight, male or female, 
AIDS can infect anyone. It is in- 
curable and it kills. 

It is the fastest growing killer 
disease in this country. 

At the moment the infection is 

mainly confined to relatively small 
g roups of peopleln this countr y. 

But the virus is spreadin g. 

It is spread between people 
d ur in g sexual intercourse. An in- 
fected man has the . virus in his 
semen. An infected woman in her 
vaginal fluid. 

The problem is, not everyone 
who is infected knows it. So the 
more sexual partners you have, the 
greater the danger. Use a condom. 
It’s safer for both of you. 

People who inject drugs face the 
added danger of infection if they 
share needles or equipment. 

So don’t inject. But if you do, 
never share. 

For more information, phone 
the confidential Healthline. 




Joint reaction to Iran arms deal 


Germany assesses Egypt and Jordan warn US 


: floated 
ftbe latest 

hy not to let 
mained in 


Wise water 

lea Satur- 

nine than 

yiH ) riran 


the third 

. Maim (AP) - More Him two of B( 
mwb the Rhine yesterday as West Genoa 
scrambled to assess the 1 

spill into the already contammated 

^Jatterworks that draw water from the i 
o^aw.two states and advice issued on Sato 
cattfe drink from the river or dogs swim in ij 

Nortt Rhine-WestphaEa authorities 
and breweries along the Rhine that they - 
&nm the river. West German nWMaia ■ 
day that a leak into the river on Friday 
the amount of the herbicide, 
previously thonght 

Rhinefand-Palatinate State UKUD 
said it appeared the latest spill bad had 
effect on the river’s ecology. The ’ 

•iwustml spill into the Rhine in three 

PLO woman etbelled 

Sto^hobn - Sweden has ashed t 
rafestrae Liberation Org aniz ation’s 
Miss Hala S ala meh , to leave the 
Mosey writes). 

. She is suspected of helping . 
including the Abo Nidal faction, to 
base” for activities in other conntr~ 

However, to the embarrassment 
Government which has good relati 
leader, Mr Yassir Arafat, Miss 
charge and is refesmg to leave 

She said yesterday: *Tt is 
Aba NidaL I am working for the 
work for A bn Njdair She 
subsequently changed her wifad- 

Airborne Romania 
jail break /votes yes 

head of the 
in Stockholm, 

- terrorist groaps, 
; Sweden as a "safe 

_e coantry’s Socialist 
with the PLO and its 
neb has denied tire 
country until it is 

to say I am __ 

\ How coaid I 

» 8ft 

Rome (AP) — Two gna- 
meo yesterday hijacked a 
Red Cross helicopter, lifted i 
two inmates from a priso 
courtyard and flew off in 
hail of gunfire, police 
A third prisoner dashed 
the helicopter bat 
in the rain. 

The helicopter 
a football field and 
occupants fled by car. ( 
ficials said that the 
hijackers spoke 
One of the 
Tunisian, was wantyT by 
France for a bank 
and murder. The othf was 
suspected of 
arms to Italian; 

Bucharest (Renter) - 
Romanians voted yesterday 
in a referendum to endorse 
unilatera l arms cuts and 
urge similar redactions by 
Washington and Moscow. 
Officials «*««*>■«» an 84 
per cent tmnat from the 
18 million voters, who in- 
clude 1.5 million teenager s . 

Voters were asked to ap- 
prove 5 per cent cats, which 
already have been eff- 
ectively passed by Par- 


Western experts in Bu- 
charest believe that the 
cats will hardly dent Roma- 
nian mili tary strength OS 
that of the Warsaw Part. 

From A Correspondent 

President Mubarak of Egypt 
and King Husain of Jordan, 
both supporters of Iraq in its 
war with Iran and close Amer- 
ican allies, warned the United 
States yesterday that its 
credibility in the Arab world 
was being eroded by its secret 
arms deal with Iran. 

Mr Mubarak said at a joint 
press conference in Cairo that 
he was “astonished* but that 
the situation could be rectified 
if Mr Reagan reconsidered his 
policy. King Husain said he 
was concerned about the 
deal's repercussions on the 
Gulf War and thought that the 
Arabs should not be totally de- 
pendent on the US to solve 
their problems. 

"It is very astonishing to 
hear this story," Mr Mubarak 
said, in the first official Egyp- 
tian response to Mr Reagan's 
Iran.arms disclosure. 

“I made some comments in 
a message to Mr Reagan, 
asking, him, and 1 am still 
asking the United States, to do 
[ something so as not to lose its 
credibility in the Arab world." 

Mr Mubarak, whose coun- 
try receives $2 billion in 
financial aid from the US each 
year, seemed milder than King 
Husain. He said: “I hope 
something wiD be done in foe 
near future so foe United 
I States win not lose its credibil- 
ity, which I am afraid has 
started to deteriorate." 

Mr Mubarak's relations 
with the US were strained and 
he feh personally insulted in 
October 1985 when American 
fighters intercepted an Egyp- 
tian plane carrying the four 
Palestinian hijackers of foe 
cruise liner Achille Lauro. 

King Husain two-days ago 
expressed "shock and disap- 
pointment” and said that the 
deal with Iran “gives rise to 
I concern ... I am puzzled 
because I cannot understand 
foe American thinking" He 
rejected Mr Reagan's argu- 
ments that the arms would 
I expedite an end to the war. 

Car bomb 

Maori /alues praised | at Turkish 


f culture contained many of the values 
was in iaaga of losing, the Pope said 
weekend (Richard Long writes). 

’ oper-aar Masses la Auckland. 

b before he left for Australia, 

lues showed profound reverence foraatme 

Wellington — 
which modem s 
in New Zealand 
The Pope, 

Wellington and 
said that Maori 
and the environ 
Speaking in wish and occasionally m Maori durmg a 
welcome at the /ockland Domain soon after his arrival from 
Fiji, the Pdpe ffld that modem society was in danger of los- 
ing the traditMjB) Maori sense of community, loyalty to fam- 
ily ami wiffingess to shave. 

US anger 

mg the 
top cnl< 

right, wear- 
ana of the 
the Order of 
award, be- 
le weekend, 
de VIDiers, 
_ of State 
who made the 
id, said Charles 
lice, a destiny, a 
premonition, a 
a performance 

Melbourne (Reuter) — A car 
bomb exploded outside the 
Turkish consulate here early 
yesterday, -killing one person 
and injuring another. 

Police said that foe blast 
extensively damaged foe con- 
sulate and foe five-story budd- 
ing in which it is housed in foe 
surburi) of South Yana. 

The explosion was so 
powerful that they had not yet 
established the make of the car 
used or foe identity of the 
person killed. One woman, a 
part-time cleaner, suffered 
shock and lacerations. 

Mr Paul Defianis, the assis- 
tant police commissioner, said 
that foe bomb was “very sig- 
nificant”, peihaps up to 9 lb of 
high explosive. 

No one had claimed re- 
| sponsibflity. When foe Turk- 
ish consul in Sydney was shot 
| dead at his home in December 
1980. a group calling itself the 
| Justice Commandos of Arme- 
nian Genocide said it was 

ope set to deliver blow to 
ritain in Falklands vote 

From Zoriana Pysariwsky, New York 

•Rain's ability to keep its 
Eupiean partners in line on 
theralklands issue is expected 
lot delivered a further blow 
in/ic United Nations General 
Ajembly meeting which be- 
gs today on the continuing 
dilomauc stalemate in foe 
Jpilh Atlantic. 

Jnless there is a successful 
st-minute British lobbying 
Tort. The Netherlands will 
(in France. Italy and Greece, 
hieh last year broke Euro- 
an ranks to side with foe 
.^entine contention that any 
nglo-Aigentine attempts at 
conciliation must have as 
eir cornerstone negotiations 
ver Falklands sovereignty. 
There are also unconfirmed 
•ports that Belgium, West 
ermany. Portugal and (re- 
nd are considering switching 
om their pattern of absten- 
ons, in a display of European 
ilidarity with Britain, to firm 
icking of foe Argentine pos- 
ion on the grounds that 
lough time has elapsed for 
ritain to discuss sovereignty. 
For the Government of 
resident AJfonsin of Armen- 
ia, the European vote is the 
osi coveted. It has the effect 
‘ enhancing enormously the 
racnline position while com- 
g closer to isolating Mrs 
liatchcr for having sought 
alogue without concedmg 
ie essential ingredients. For 

their part. British officials 
believe that foe Assembly 
debate only encourages Argen- 
tina to defer taking steps to 
return to normal relations. 

Argentina enters the two- 
day debate with foe bonus of 
having had its latest overture 
to Britain dismissed last week 
as a variation of foe demand 
that the sovereignty issue be 
included on any Anglo- Ar- 
gentine agenda. 

Britain's decision last 
month to establish a fisheries 
protection zone around the 
disputed islands is likely to be 
seen by foe majority in foe 
Assembly as an unnecessary 

The current draft resolu- 
tion, sponsored by Latin 
American nations but inspired 
by Argentina, is in essence the 
same as a measure adopted by 
foe Assembly last year. It is 
tailored to win the largest 
possible number of votes by 
omitting the contentious word 
“sovereignty” but at the same 
time, by urging discussion on 
“all aspects” of the islands' 
future, leaving no doubt over 
the intentions of foe draft. 

British diplomats are ex- 
pected again to seize on this 
semantic manoeuvring to try 
to expose Argentina as passing 
off as reasonable a highly 
prejudicial draft resolution. 
The Government's desire to 

see tensions tn foe South 
Atlantic turn into co-opera- 
tion and friendship will be 

But, as always, Britain is left 
defending a policy which foe 
international community sim- 
ply does not accept The 
Falklands issue is seen as an 
anachronism and negotia- 
tions, whatever foe circum- 
stances, an inviolable prin- 
ciple of foe United Nations. 
Britain can only seek solace in 
foe number of countries 

The debate finds Britain 
abandoning its relatively low 
profile at foe UN to conduct a 
vigorous campaign which 
leaves nothing to chance. The 
British diplomatic offensive 
rests on three main argu- 
ments: the paramount im- 
portance of the self-determin- 
ation of foe islanders, the fact 
that Argentina initiated the 
1982 conflict and foal foe 
Argentine draft is a straiegeru 
prejudging the outcome of any 
sovereignty negotiations. 

But the calculations this 
year point to Britain’s being 
left with Belize as its only 
outright supporter in the “no" 

Because it is difficult for any 
country to vote against nego- 
tiations, abstentions are able 
to count as diplomatic vic- 

England have chance of chess gold 

Olafssoft Nigel Short beat #11 to Iw IaoJamjI muLaJ 

Dabai — England completed 
a remarkable week at the 

World Chess Olympics here 
yesterday with, a jeahstic 
chance of winning the 
medal (Ray 

Correspondent, writes). 

Obfssoft Nigel Short beat 
Johann Hjartarssqu, Murray 
Chandler beat Jon Arnason, 
and John Speelman beat 
Grandmaster Margeir Pet- 
msson. . . . 

Previously during the week 
England, silver medallists in 
1984 and seeded second this 
had beaten the United 

crashed the strong year, ... 

tfpm, who had drawn with tue 5^^ Hungary and Yngo- 
dtle holders and favourites, s | aT j su gij by 2*£-l Vi. and had 
foe Soviet Union, by foe 2-2 with the USSR. 

remarkable score Of 4-v. f Russians fallen The Soviet 

Tony Miles beat Helgi Union had faltered when held 

to a draw by Iceland, ranked 
axth, which erased a one- 
point deficit in the seventb- 
romid adjournment session. 

The 2-2 result had kept both 
teams in third place, sharing 
the position with England, 
half a point behind Hungary 
and the US after seven rounds. 

Other top matches in foe 
eighth round pitted the USSR 
against the United States and 
Yugoslavia against Hungary. 

/i. >. x 

President Mubarak, right, welcoming King Hnsain to Cairo for the weekend talks , 

‘Supergrass law’ under fire 

The West German Govern- 
ment plan to bring in a 
“supergrass” law for terrorist 
crimes is likely to be scrapped 
after a decision by foe Free 
Democrat Party (FDP), the 
junior partners in the Co- 
alition, to water it down. 

Leaders of the FDP had 
earlier agreed with the two 
conservative parties that ter- 
rorists of the Red Army 
Faction should be offered the 
chance to give evidence 
against their comrades in re- 
turn for freedom or light 

But faced with a mutiny by 
their rank-and- file members, 

From John England, Mainz 
the FDP federal executive 
headed off a public row at a 
preelection conference last 
Friday and Saturday by pro- 
posing a compromise which 
ruled that “supergrasses" 
should not go free. 

The 400 delegates voted 
overwhelmingly for the mo- 
tion after more than four 
hours of lively and sometimes 
passionate debate. 

This was a dear snub to 
Chancellor Kohl’s Christian 
Democrats (CDU), and foe 
Bavarian Christian . Social 
Union (CSU) of Herr Franz 
Josef Strauss, although, the 
same delegates earlier in foe 

day had voted equally over- 
whelmingly to continue foe 
FOP'S four-year-old coalition 
with the conservatives. 

At foe CSlTs pre-poll con- 
ference in Munich, Herr 
Strauss described the FOP'S 
compromise proposal as a 
typically meaningless alibi 
from foe party. 

Herr Kohl, a guest speaker 
at the conference, recom- 
mended dropping foe “super- 
grass" idea from anti-terrorist 
measures which the Govern- 
ment wants to make law by 
Christmas, in line with CDU- 
CSU opinion that it would be 
useless if weakened. 

‘Death to 
chant in 

From Ian Mmray 

Chanting “Death to the 
Arabs”, bmdreds of right- 
wing religions Jews surged 
into the narrow streets of the 
yesterday rowing vengeance 
far “the blood of onr lost 

All day, in expectation of 
this invasion, the Arab areas 
of the walled city had bees 
deserted save far squads of 
border police on pairoL Shops 
were dosed and their metal 
shatters pulled down. 

In the morning a memorial 
service had been beU on the 
Mount of Olives where the 
“lost brother", Elisha Amedi, 
was buried a week before after 
having died of stall woands 
outside the Yeshiva Bible 
College where he had been 

Three Arab youths were 
anested for questioning abont 
the stabbing, and during the 
last week groaps of extremist 
Jews have been stoning cars, 
smashing windows and setting 
fire to Arab properties in the 
Old City. Every day petrol 
bombs have been thrown 

Yesterday the Cabinet re- 
ceived a report from Mr David 
Kraus, the police Inspector- 
General, who said that many 
of the Yeshiva students were 
known to have carried anas. 

Mr Teddy Kollek, the 
Mayor of Jerusalem, had said 
that the Yeshiva was well 
known for causing trouble. As 
a result, Mr Kollek was the 
target at yesterday's demon- 
stration of as many verbal 
attacks as were the Arabs. 

At the scene of the stabbing, 
now converted into a shrine, 
londspeakers were set np yes- 
terday to boom out foe words 
of psalms and political spe- 
eches. At one stage a few 
Arabs were seen on a rooftop, 
and dozens of demonstrators 
surged forward, pointing np 
and shooting, “Death”. 

Five Soviet 
to Canada 

From John Best 


Five deserters from 
Soviet Army in Afghanistan 
rested at a Canadian military 
base on foe weekend, having 
been spirited out of Afghani- 
stan and Pakistan in a hush- 
hush, operation co-ordinated 
with leaders of the Mujahidin 
freedom fighters. 

The five had been held 
captive by the freedom fight- 
ers for periods of up to six 
years after their defections. 

The clandestine operation, 
which apparently took place 
last Wednesday or Thursday, 
was the culmination of 
months of careful planning 
According to foe Toronto 
Globe and Mail, foe shadowy 
British external intelligence 
agency MI 6 played a “major 
role” in the expedition. A 
spokesman for the Canadian 
Department of External Af- 
fairs, Mr Raul Fraser, termed 
this report “speculative", but 
did not deny it 
Canadian authorities re- 
fused to give any details of the 
operation but promised a 
briefing for reporters today 
after Mr Joe Clark, the Ex- 
ternal Affairs Minister, re- 
ports to Parliament 
Officials declined to say 
where the former Soviet sol- 
diers are staying, except that it 
is at a military base in Canada. 

On Saturday, just hours 
after news of the smuggling 
operation leaked out foe 
Soviet Embassy in Ottawa was 
informed, but offered no im- 
mediate reaction, beyond say- 
ing that it would report to 
Moscow and- await instruc- 
tions. It was assumed that foe 
Russians will demand an 
opportunity to interview the 
men. The five are still Soviet 

The operation was the fulfil- 
ment of a plan which, in one 
form or another, had been in 
place for more than 2 years. 


“/t wasn’t a doddle , it was difficult, but a big 
relief to have done it on my own.” 

Mr Davis is a master of understatement. 
With arthritis in his joints, he didn’t climb the 
26 steps up to his flat just because they were 
there. He had no choice. 

"Of course going down is worse in a way 
because you can see how far there is to fall. But 
at least home is at the top , so the worst is going 
out - not getting back.” 

Over one and a half million old people in 
Britain suffer from arthritis. Besides the pain, 
it takes away their mobility. As everyday 
obstacles - steps, keys, kerbstones - become 
a major challenge, friends, family, shops, the 
community at large, all move slowly out of 

'The lady at the Day Hospital told me to 
concentrate. What you do is hands first, grip the 
rail, then move your opposite foot Then you rest 
If II never be quicker than ten minutes, but if 
there’s one thing you leam with these creaking 
bones, ifs patience 

Help the Aged supports Day Hospitals 
and other practical projects that combat the 
vulnerability, isolation and loneliness that lack 
of mobility brings to old people. We help fund 
Day Centres, minibuses - for thousands, their 
sole link with the outside world - and provide 
emergency alarms to those living at risk from 
living alone. 

* When I got to the Day Centre they thought 
I’d come by the minibus. I hadn’t. I’d walked. It 
was a day like any other, but it was a good day for 



me, a very good day.” 

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South Africa: 


Sanctions noose tightens • Israeli connection 

Trade ban initiative 
frontline states may 
beat the American veto 

The sanctions against South 
Africa agreed at the Common- 
wealth mim-summit in Au- 
gust are now making way for 
an initiative that could be tar 
more dam aging to South Af- 
rica than anything the com- 
monwealth could achieve on 

its own. • 

Diplomats and government 
officials now believe that, by 
the end of the year, the United 
Nations Security Council will 
be presented with sanctions 
proposals, by Southern Afric- 
a’s frontline stales, that stand 
a strong chance of avoiding 
the United Slates veto that 
has, until now, dogged any 
advance of the demands of the 
African states. . 

If the initiative, chiefly from 
Zimbabwe and Zambia, suc- 
ceeds, it would force Britain 
and West Germany into tak- 
ing the sort of effective mea- 
sures that have been, side- 
stepped in the 

From Jan Earth, Harare 

Ufle EUemann-Jensen, _ the 
Danish Foreign Minister, 
whose country is a member of 
the Security Council, after 
lengthy meetings with both 
Mr Robert Mugabe, the Prime 

Two members of the security 
forces were stabbed to death 
and Com- others injured m 
“Barest-related incidents” at 
the weekend, die Govwh- 
ment’s Bureau Cur Information 
reported (Michael Hransby 
writes from Johannesburg). 
The incidents occurred m 
black townships, bat the bu- 
reau neglected to say whether 
the dead men were soldiers Or 
police, or whether they were 
white or black. 

Minister of Zimbabwe, and 
President Kaimda of Zambia. 

The frontline states would 
soon present the Security 
Council with a resolution for 
comprehensive and 

gSEi— ssssk-mS 

"The* wayfbr the initiative Africa, Mr Hfemann-Jensen 
has been cleared by the United 
States Congress's decision, in 
October, to impose a senes of 
tough restrictions on Amen- 
can trade with South Africa. 

The frontline strategy was 
spelled out last week by Mr 


The frontline states have a 
close ally in Denmark, which 
ha»c unilat erally, banned all 
trade dealings with South 
Africa. . 

Mr EUemann-Jensen said 

the African leaders were well 
aware that such a proposal was 
almost certain to bring down 
the US veto. “We will have to 
see how the debate goes,” he 
added. It was likely that die 
resolution would be watered 
down to meet US approval. 

An agreement, within the 
Security Council, is likely to 
contain a ban on air links with 
South Africa and a halt to 
imports of its coal, measures 
that have been specifically 

rejected, so far, by Britain and 

West Germany. 

In the face of these 
manouevres, the Common- 
wealth rnin*- sp TT1TT1 » t,s recom- 
mendations — to which Brit- 
ain agreed only partially — 
have assumed considerably 
lesser importance. 

The expected Common- 
wealth sanctions package has 
not materialized. The idea of a 
co-ordinated, and simulta- 
neous, declaration of trade 
bans against South Africa, also 
appears to have vapourized. 

Canada and Australia have 
not waited. In the past two 
weeks both have' withdrawn 
consular facilities in South 
Africa in line with the mim- 
summit recommendations. 

with an i 

liberals’ indecision 

reviews its 

[ sooner or later we’, 
i do something 

vnnniuns v n -p- , ' 


too, * 

than denounce apartketam 
words alone. Inn Murray, 
Jerusalem Correspondent, ex- 
amines the arguments over 
Israel's paradoxical re- 
lationship wish Pretoria. 

A lose r*KM 


mbks to mark the renewal of 
l |jj Tt H 1f frir ties with Iand- 
There were even those who 
said tibia was a heuvu «nf 
U«iiatoB> Made African 
ionntry which restored 
Mendly relations with a state 
on good le an with the whfe 
Government in Pretoria. 

Mr Fores came prepared. 
Hfa special aircraft brought : a 
medical team to help the 
victims of the gas disaster, la 
his pocket he had the text of a 
promise “to do everything to 
dismantle the ediota system of 

. During the flight* he toli 
swnnmm viM famwlfate feat 
tod condemned 

apartheid, ftwns too totignifr 
mbi a country to flay a wood 
role In the ba tt l e to aboEshit. 

If others took the lead, be said, 

Israel would not lag bcihtoiL 
The votes In Congress have 
e have 

is trying 
an official T 
to do someth 

st a ined on 

of ferine 


them. It ‘ 

reach efewr" 
The Times, 
we wffl have 

; supported 
ivotes in.the 
hot has ah-' 


_fe cynical 
ft has long 

Mr Mugabe*, new initiative on boycott against South Africa, given, that le^L 

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South Arica 
and Israel 


most that these a^ always 

ways roond them. 

Measures i 
and shaping visits 
ditieg, fart rafe fa 

l art 

_ _ Knmerran 

but we don't! 
anyway," the -- --- 
On the face of it; there 
logical reason for Ise 

mahWfn dose Buis 

Sooth Africa. Jewish 
fa often no more than a 
doannrotatioB of anti 
tfam. The state of Israel 
was established hi the 
math dT the worirTs 
j hoerffying example of 

[ tempted genocide, ljrart,! 

! rtmn any other coontry. SfewM 
Hnderstand the moral and 
physical eribrfhjtim> _ • 
j . fn wfrtitw it has always 
condemned apartheid and 
regularly pieces itself to its - 
overthrow. In its early years it 
refused to have fall diplomatic 
relations with South Africa 
and ft was Mack Africa which 

efthnately forced tend into its 
dose .rditiaasMp with Pre- 

. There b no ferial reason 
i for Israel to mafatefa dose 
finks wife Sooth Africa. It was 

not until all bat three stock 
African comrtries' broke dlp- 
lomntic relations with it unto 
Arab pressure after the WT& 
Middle East war that ambas- 
sadors were exchanged. Bd-ii 

that, Israel had cultivated 
good relations with black Af- 
rica dffigeatiy. 

But die breaking of «r 
lomatic ties, followed by the 
UN resolution to 1975 equat- 
ing Zionism with racism, 
threw the two countries to- 
gether- An official visit to 
farad to 1976 by Mr John 
Varster, the then Sooth Af- 
rican Pete Minwtec, pro* 
dneed a wide-rangiM pact « 
commercial, trade, fiscal and, 
probably* miHtory sptares 
whkh has cemented the 

^^SSe balance fa heavily 
and increasingly fa South 
Africa’s favour, afttaagh the 
amounts are tiny. Tart ye^v 
Israel sold mods worth $s® 
million (£465 ttuXbou) and 
bought $187 mStfoa, of which 
$112 taiffion was for cheap 
coal - which Israel finds a 
more xetiaUe energy sauce 
than mL 

A new tradengreement was 
ar fmlty signed in Aagnst, at 
the vary time that the rest of 

the world was agreeing on the 

need for sanctions. Anappre- 
cfatfre South Africa dropped 
the coal price. frj.56 *; ton. 

os cod import* 

. wmda force ap the cast of 
toefi energy* tat would make 
bo trigrificant impact ub Soofe 
Africa. ' . 

The trade figures d® «* 

include diamonds warns- 1 
there are any anas sales. The 
.trade, rhaanefled 
largely: through London or 
Antwerp* is art * serious 
cHtnto to sanctions. Of- 
fiefeBj; tod. does net seH 
weapons t»- South Africa, to 
Hat with UN derisions. 

Now Bad Sooth Africa is 
p seif sufficient in anus 
n, it is tm£hdy that 
Is mnch incentive for 
feraefi dealers to try to 
find markets there. 

Israeli know-how does seem 
to have been, exported fa the 
Inst. The Cheetah, the new 
South. African jet Briber un- 
veiled this satonner, hears an 
y-r—iiy re semb lance to the 
IsraeHKfirTC 2, according to 
Jane’s Defence Weekly. There 
are perrirtent, numiCable ra- 
moms of past radear co- 
opcratioB brtweea the two. Bat 
•unctions on alleged [ know- 
how transfers are oonoady 

know-how far aati- 
or terrorist tech- 
, — j. also . -been to 

evidence, with reports of op to 

300 Israeli troops helping to 
train tire South African Army 
reprisal raids and fee Me of 
same kfad of s pecialis t 
which detects faffi- 
_oag IsraeTs coo- 

tlsraeTs mate public interest 
L South Africa fa its more 
Id0,00§-5trang Jewish 
u.muity. It is politically fee 
J pro-Zkwistsuch group hi 
(world. Ou a per capita 
, it remtethe most money 
year, to brad, 
tit shows tittle iaterest fa 
to isracL Those 
emigrate prefer 
Briteto or the 
States. Of the 4flM 
last year, only 254 
kL Despite a new 
designed specially 

nth African ati- 
double that num- 
feis year. 

AbootklHH} Sooth African 
Jews iba farad. Accenting 
to the Ki census, about 
2,060 Isri&f five to South 

One nfeot body a»- 
movement, is 
empathy with 
_ because 





tray and 

that feme 
white South 

they *** 


country fa a 
which Arab 
eqaal rights, 

they are legally 

same .fa not 


There fa a 
neat, then the 
begin to grow 
tod itself 
agreement ac 
spectrum that 
not tie more di 

are to Soofe Africa. 
Tomorrow: Jo 

of the 
if fee 
Is total 


Anti-apartheid p: 
seeks black suppoi 

From Mkhad Hornsby, Johannesburg 
South Africa's Progressive danl of living than fee A of 

Federal Party (PFP), fee par- 
liamentary voice of anti-apart- 
heid white liberalism, moved 
closer at the weekend to accep- 
tance of the principle of maj- 
ority role in a bid to increase 
its a: 

her whites by five to raw. 

Delegates at its annual fed- 
eral congress voted 110-90 to 
abolish a' clause in its mani- 
festo which supports aright of 
veto for minorities. 

As fee vote fell short of fe e 
required two-thirds majority, 
the issue was referred to a 
committee charged, with up- 
dating and reviewing • fee 
party’s position on constitu- 
tional matters, with particu l ar 
reference to fee veto. 

Mr Colin JEfa Iin, the party 
leader, said he bdfeyed the 
minority veto provision “to 
fee form to which it is embo- 
died in our constitution, will 
have to bo” as it had “acquir- 
ed a negative, divisive conno- 
tation”. ■ 

The PFP has supported a 
universal franchise, within fee 
context of a federal system of 
government, since the late 
1970s. It has, however, contin- 
ued to argue that minorities 
should be protected by having 
a right of veto over certain 
kinds of legislation. ■ 

Dr Nthato Motlana, presi- 
dent of fee Soweto Civic Asso- 




i .. 

the population would : 
them vulnerable, be r 
urged delegates to 
common cause with fee] 
pressed black majority” . 

His argument was 

to the 23 million ■ ported by Mrs Helen . 

‘ who outnum- fee veteran PFP Parhamenfc- 
ian, who said that the mint 
xty veto was seen by -Macks* 
“a device to protect wht 
privil^e” . 

But Professor Nic Olivie 
the PFP research duecto 



Mr Entire believes, that fee 

warned that if the veto were 30 
be scrapped “we can write off 
wfeite support for our party”. 

The debate reflected fee 
divisions within. fee PIP as rt 
struggles to show that it stiB 
has relevance for a white elect- 
orate witnessing a resurgence 
of right-wing nationalism and 

ucm ui tuEUuncw ww- 01 iiyu-wiug uauMwiiiHu — — 

dation, which is an affiliate of for a fixture Mack electorate 
the United Democratic’Front which .'fa_ tocreastogly.. i®' 

(UDF), a multi-racial extra- 
parliamentary alliance of hun- 
dreds of grass-roots anti- 
apartheid organizations, 
which broadly shares the aims 
of fee African National Con- 
gress (ANQ but disassociates 
Itself from fee ANCs use of 
. .violence, said blacks 'saw fee 

patient wife fee ambiguities or 
white tiberaKan. . 

The congress endorsed fee 
party's OKWskion. ; to eco- 
nomic sanctions overwhelm- 
ingly, overriding: its youth 
. wing,, which- tad argued to 
favour of punitive measures 
against-. -Pretoria • but -not 

minority veto as a subterfuge against the rpsiof commercial 
to prcrent a system of one- ‘ South Africa. . . . . 
man one-vote.. . ‘ . . There was .also a teS® 

- Any attempt by whites to nKyority to favour of continu* 
presave themselves as a dis- party's dialogue wife 

tinci group witha higher stan- theUDFandfee 

■ s it v N 


s». •' ' -i 

• if- . 

"■ :-. >. 
- 1 "- - i 7;<c , ■ 

•*.;:. _ M tr. v 

'. t ... 

... t. 

•< • • - v . . ... 

Gorbachov visits Delhi 




Kremlin’s lost influence 

$20m paid 
for Moore 

Fran Michael Hanriyn. Delhi 

Mr Mikhail Gorbachov, the disclosure in as American 
atnves in Delhi news magazine at die weekend 
tomorrow for a four-day visit that US spy planes arc operat- 
or cnioal importance to the ing fiom an^ basTnear 
Rusaani Since the accession Karachi 
of Mr Rajiv Gandhi to the Trade matters wifl be easer 

prime mimsteiship, the Rus- to deal with, though modi 
simis have watched while remain* m be do»e The 
Indian policy apparently has oflndia’s trade with the Soviet 
^Western Union has declined with the 

tilL Mr Oorbachov is coming fell in the price of crude oil 
* 0 . balance. and petroleum products. The 
Jb^emn four key areas in trade is carried on in rupees, 
which the Russians are anx- and India has been building 
ions to progress: trade, arms, up a substantial trade surplus 
support for Soviet ■ foreign by supplying mtmrHarminvt 
policy, and Mr Gorbachov’s articles to Russia. 

newly-expressed policy for Russia has been pointing 
Asia and the Pacific, as out- out. that unless India buys 
lined m his Vladivostok more there wiD not be eno ugh 

erwwh ■ n • .i i ■ & 

SP S5? 1 ; _* •» i- . , rupees left in die kitty to carry 

The lastwih probably be the on, and several trade proto- 

most difficult on which to cois have been prepared dur- 
make headway. When Mr ing a flurry of high-levd 
Brezhnev came to India in meetings preceding the visit. 
1973 he broached his notion Announcements arc ex- 
of an Asian security pact with pected on railways and power 

Mrs Indira Gandhi and, generation, though Soviet 
according to one of those atomic plants have lost their 
present at the meeting, was attraction since Chernobyl. 

g h an i sta n and urged to take under which the cost of setting 
part fully in the United Na- up could be repaid with 
lions international develop- exports. 
meat activities. The importance erf* India’s 

Though flattered by Mr arms supply connection with 
Gorbachov’s references to In- the Russians was em pfiaqyed 
dia as the leader of Asia, at the weekend with the 
officials here are stiQ wary of announcement that the first 
what his proposals wifl mean, batch of Soviet MiG 29 fight- 
They have not yet seen, as Mr era win be delivered next 
Gorbachov will try to per- month, 
suade them, that the United The Indian Air Force is 
States is looking for new buying two squadrons of the 
military partners m Asia, and plane, which is so new that not 
that an Asia/Pacific pact even the Warsaw Fact allies 
would provide a useful have yet received supplies. 
counterweight to these am- The Air Force has also been 
bi lions. The visit to Delhi offered a very large medium- 

eartier this year of Mr Mikhail range wear 
Kapisia, a senior Kremlin (which Nate 
foreign policy adviser, foiled and a dogfij 
to make any impression on Mr R 60 (Aphid; 

range weapon, the R23 
(winch Nato calls the Apex) 
and a dogfight weapon, the 


Mr Gorbachov is favoured, 
however, with fortunate tun- 
ing. He arrives as India is 
increasingly concerned with 
American proposals to supply 
an airborne early-warning sys- 
tem to Pakistan. The concern 
was not diminished by a 

It is reported that no new 
weapon dads wifl be signed 
during tiie visit, even though 
defence experts are among the 
250 officials accompanying 
Mr Gorbachov. 

On foreign policy generally, 
ringing calls will be heard for 
nuclear disarmament Mr 

Brazil’s economy 

Harsh measures flow 
from election success 

From Mac Margofis, Riode Janeiro 

Fresh from a sweeping dec- Conveniently Inst after th 
toral victory, the Brazilian November 15 election, i 
Government has announced a which nearly every seat i 
series of harsh and controver- congress, mid all 23 gova 
sial economic , measures in- norebips. were at stake, 
tended at mice to cool the President Sarney’sBraziEa 

superheated economy, to pay 
the enormous budget deficit, 
and to protect the poor and 
the working classes. 

The measures are described 
as “adjustments” of the Cru- 
zado Plaid, the wide-ranging 
overhaul of the economy 
which arrested the 250 pcr 
cent inflation rate in February. 

To correct outdated prices 
and control an unprecedented 
spending spree, the so-called 
-Cruzado Two” reform in- 
creased telephone, electricity 
and postal rates between 30 
and 60 per cent. 

For the second time this 
year Brasilia imposed a surtax 
— this time of 60 per cent— on 
petrel and alcohol fueL 

Cfirs will cost 80 per cent 

more; 20 percent will go to the 

maiufacturere and 60 per cent 
to government coffers. There 
will be big increases in the 
price of cigarettes and alcohol- 
ic beverages. 

The Government stands to 
collect 160 billion cruzados 
(dmost £8 billion) by these 
measures, enough to pay its 
ceficit of about £5 billion with 
plenty left over. 

Brasilia also promised to 
put its own bouse in order by 
laying off thousands of gov- 
ernment workers and closing 
15 loss-making state otter- 
prises, such as the national 
mortgage bank and the Brazil- 
ian coffee institute. 

President JosC Sarney has 
also ordered a freeze on new 
government recruitment until 
1988. . , . ' 

Even a society long mured 
to sudden pacotes, or sweeping 
economic packages, has seen 
this latest one as particularly 
severe. Bur many think that 
the measures came none too 
soon. ' . 

In the last nme months real 
wage increases of between 15 
and 34 per cent, plus relatively 
stable prices, have created an 
unprecedented level of con- 
sumer demand. 

Factories cannot keep up 
with demand as shoppers 
exercising their new- found 
purchasing power have, emp- 
tied store shelves. Govern- 
ment price controls dis- 
appeared as merchants tacked 
black-market premiums on 
many goods. - „ . 

Yet “Cruzado Two ares 
not as warmly received as the 
original plan, which sent Pre- 
sident Sarney’s popularity rat- 
ings soaring. • • 

Five thousand public 
lovees who are to be laid off 
demonstrated against the ctos- 
i ng of government companies. 
Petrol station owners com- 

would cut business and send 
them into bankruptcy. 

Critics also pointed to the 
timing of the announcement. 

Conveniently just after the 
November 15 election, in 
which nearly every seat in 
congress, and all 23 gover- 
norships. were at stake. 

President Samey’s Brazilian 
Democratic Movement Party 
and its coalition partner, the 
Liberal Front, won an over- 
whelming victory in the elec- 
tion, talcing most of the Con- 
gress seals and aB but one of 
tiie g o vernorships. 

What is more, the Govern- 
ment has called these . in- 
creases “surtaxes”, and not 
price rises, which means they 
will not be part of the calcula- 
tions of the cost of living 

This adroit book-keeping 
spared Brasilia a blemish on 

Sefior Finaroc aiming tocst 
his economy's ‘retociiy’ 

its inflation-fighting record, 
but cost it one of its leading 
economists, Senor Ed mar 
head of the institute of 
geography and statistics, who 
resigned in protest. 

If the increases were .in- 
cluded, economists say, the 
monthly inflation figure for 
November could be up by 
more than three times, to 
about 7 per cent 
The middle and upper 
classes will feel the worst rate. 
But that was the government's 
calculated risk. “Our premise 
was that those earning the 
lowest salaries should not be 
affected,” Senor Dflson Fun- 
aro, the. Finance Minister, 

In fact, these measures are 
nearly as important for what 
ihey exclude. Pressured by his 
own centre-left party, which 
won most of the coalition’s 
seats, President Sarney vetoed 
proposals by some advisers to 
eliminate the large subsidies 
for m ilk and wheat which 
would have sent prices of 
bread and dairy goods soaring, 
and to tax workers' wages. 

. The real challenge for Bra- 
silia now may be containing 
economic growth without 
causing stagnation. 

“We don't want to enter 


Funaro saidas the latest meas- 
ures were unveiled. “We only 
want to reduce the velocity of 
the economy.” ' 

Gorbachov himself opened 
the bidding by declaring to 
four Indian journalists who 
interviewed him in his Krem- 
lin office that there was do 
point in further superpower 
negotiations as tong as the US 
persists with its Strategic De- 
fence Initiative. 

The Americans, trying to 
repair some of tiie damage 

Hftnf by the riming 

of the visit to Pakistan by Mr 
Caspar Weinberger, the US 
Defence Secretary, have sent a 
disarmament expert to Delhi 
to explain the US position. Mr 
David Emery, from the US 
Disarmament Agency, told 
the External Affairs Ministry 
here that America has not 
broken its dialogue with 

A senior American official ^ ^ 
in Delhi said that white they ing model* 
supposed that a number of m 

antt-American statements wo- a waH relies 
ukl be made during tiie visit it UwiDM 

was expected that India would 
not endorse them but simply The onto 
let them Be on the table. a dtsappoh 

There is little comfort for tianal Gall 
the Americans, however, in an had hoped 
opinion poll published in a acquire tiie 
Delhi Sunday paper which The sale 
showed that 72 per cent of undertaken 

From Christopher Thomas 

The void’s hugest private 
coflection of works by the late 
Henry Moore has been sold by 
an American ofl and real 
estate tycoon Cor a fignre 
beEeved. to be about £20 
mfflhm (abort £13.3 mflfloa). 

The 57 works nan more 
than 50 years of Moore's 
career, begaiaay with a 
bronze wall plaque of 1931. 

The collection was sold by 
Mr George Abhhaf Wichita, 

Kansas, who acquired ft over 
tiie part 10 years. It was 
benght hy the Hall Family 
Foundation of Kansas City, 
founded In 1954 by Joyce Hall 
of the Hallmark greeting card 

It consisted ef nme mon- 
mental sedptno, iarlmfiiig 
force bronzes e nne nfly on 
loan to tiie National Gallery of 
Art in Washington, 19 work- Hnnmmmi 
ing models 24 small study The late General Franco’s only daughter, the Marques* de Vfflaverde, shaking hands with 
modds, several tapestries and worshippers at a commemoration Mass at the Valle de tos Caidos on Saturday 

• * Spanish right remembers Franco 

The outcome of foe sale was Madrid - Spain’s fer-right Primo de Rivera (Harry • Mellila demand: A demon- 
a disappointment to foe Na- marched up the city’s broad Debelius writes). stration, on Saturday, in the 

tianal Gallery of Ait, which Casteflana Avenue yesterday. Thousands of red and yd- Spanish enclave of Melifla, in 
had hoped it might one day their ranks swelled by French low Spanish flags, carried by North Africa, raised a more 
acquire tiie reflection as a gift, and Ital i a n fascist delegations, the marchers, fluttered in a contemporary issue: its own 

The sa l e, it app e a r s, was to co mm e m orate the 1 1th chilly breeze as tbev shouted, future and that of Snare's 

to police 

Wuppertal (Reuter) - A 
gunman who tried to rob a 
West German supermarket 
freed the last three of seven 
hostages early yesterday and 
surrendered after a 14-hour 

Madrid — Spain’s far-right Primo de Rivera (Harry • Melifla demand: A demon- 
marched up the city’s broad Debelius writes). strabon, on Saturday, in the 

C arte B ana Avenue yesterday. Thousands of red and yd- Spanish enclave of Melifla, in 
their ranks swelled by French low Spanish flags, carried by North Africa, raised a more 
and Italian fascist delegations, the marchers, fluttered in a contemporary issue: its own 
to co mm e m orate the 1 1th chilly breeze as they shouted, future and that of Spain’s 
anniversary of the death of “Franco, Franco, Franco", other north African enclave. 
General Francisco Franco, Young men and women Ceuta. Thousands of Muslims 
last Thursday, and the 50th marched behind Civil War residents of Melifla marched 
anniversary of the death of veterans. The youths wore the in a demand for full Spanish 
Falange founder Jose Antonio Falange uniform. citizenship. 

Primo de Rivera 
Debelius writes). 

• Melifla demand: A demon- 
stration, on Saturday, in the 

those questioned believed that 
India should continue to have 
closer relations with Russia 
rather than with America. 

it appears, 
partly bet 

new tax laws make ft pradeat 
for investment collectors to 
dispose of their pieces before 
the year’s end. 

in a demand for full Spanish 

The man, a 39-year-old 
unemployed bricklayer whose 
nam e was withheld, ex- 
changed shots with a police 
motorcyclist before taking 
hostages is the supermarket 

Later, as about 100 police, 
including marksmen, took up 
positions around the store, the 
man demanded 1 00,000 
marks (£36,000) and a get- 
away car. 

Pistol practice 
for Gandhi 

Delhi (AP) — Mr Rajiv 
Gandhi, the Indian Prime 
Minister who escaped an 
assassination attempt last 
month, has taken np target 
practice, according to the 
Delhi Sunday Observer. 

He and his 6-year-old son 
Rahul practice for hours with 
.9 mm Mauser pistols at a 
firing range in Mehruali. 

Sales trip 

Amman (Reuter) — Mr 
George Younger, the British 
Defence Minister, has arrived 
on his first visit to Amman as 
Britain seeks to sell 40 Tor- 
nado jet fighters to Jordan. 

For a biased guide 
to Fax machines post 

the coupon. 

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Position _ 
Address _ 

ri-J IV 

Key faces behind new crisis in the Phillipines 


Manila (Reuter. AFPI — Mr 
Juan Ponce Enrile, the Phillip- 
ines Defence Minister, lost his 
job yesterday, but not his role 
as a thorn in the side of Presi- 
dent Aquino. 

Mr Enrile. aged 62. has said 
in the past that he would 
consult “friends” if he were 
dismissed from die Cabinet 
Political observers took this 
remark to mean that if his 
supporters preferred a con- 
frontation with the Gov- 
ernment he would go along. 

He did not attend Salurday- 
night’s emergency Cabinet 
meeting, but later talked with 
President Aquino. It was not 
immediately known where he 
went after leaving the Pres- 
idential Palace. Calls to his 
home were not answered. 

One Asian diplomat who 
has watched Mr Enrile closely 
described the situation as dan- 

Mr Enrile has been asso- 
ciated with the military for 
nearly 20 years, most of which 
were spent as Defence Minis- 
ter under the ousted leader, 
Mr Ferdinand Marcos. 

He is believed to have 
considerable support among 
middle-level officers, mainly 
colonels who graduated in 
1971 and who started a well- 
publicized reform movement 
more than a year ago. 

They flocked to the side of 
Mr Enrile in Camp Aguinaldo. 
the Defence Ministry head- 
quarters, when he defected 
from Mr Marcos. But credit 
for mass military defections 
went to armed forces chief. 
General Fidel Ramos. 

Political observers believe 
that Mr Enrile's strong and 
often savage criticism of Presi- 
dent Aquino's handling of the 
communist insurgency was 
based on the belief that Gen- 
eral Ramos was on his side. 

Mr Enrile's supporters were 
said earlier this month to have 
been hatching a plot to oust 
left-leaning ministers while 
President Aquino was in Ja- 
pan on an official visit 

Until she left for Japan, 
there were indications that 
President Aquino did not trust 
General Ramos fully, and she 
called military commanders 
individually to discuss what 
they would do in case of a 

General Ramos later issued 
a statement giving a warning 
against any attempt to topple 
the Government; his presence 
at yesterday's Cabinet meeting 
was seen as his decision to 
back President Aquino. 

As Defence Minister under 
Mr Marcos. Mr Enrile was 
seen as the second most 
powerful man in the country, 
but was gradually eclipsed in 
the late 1970s by Mr Marcos's 
wife. Imdda. 

His career went downhill 
when General Fabian Ver, a 
cousin of Mr Marcos, was 
appointed Chief of Staff of the 
Armed Forces in 1981. 
Observers saw the erosion of 
his powers as a major factor in 
Mr Enrile’s decision to stage 
the mutiny in February with 
General Ver's equally dis- 
gruntled deputy. General Ra- 
mos. then a lieutenant general. 

out, but still a problem to Manila 

the old PbMbugf* *B*S a b* 

President Aquino congratulating her new Defence Minister, General Rafael Hcto, In Manila 
yesterday. At right, Mr Joan Ponce Enrile, the ousted minister whose resignation she had 
accepted hours before, walking away from the Presidential Palace. 

Ramos holds secret of path 
through political minefield 

Manila (Renter) — The General Ramos commands the “would not allow the corn- 
backing of General Fidel Ra- loyalty of most of the country's munists to lake over". 

puaartag then- economic 

mos, the Philippines military armed forces. But some 
chief until now regarded as the groups, mainly colonels who 
man in the middle, was crucial graduated in 1971, are said to 
to President Aquino's political support Mr Enrile. 
survival and her battle against Mrs Aquino's image was 

Mr Joan Ponce Enrile, her 
sacked Defence Minister. 

Once regarded as a straight- 
forward but timid soldier. 
General Ramos, aged 57, 
played a key role in die 
downfall of his cousin, the 

Mrs Aquino's usage was 
damaged by her failure to act 
against Mr Enrile. Once pic- 
tured as a daring housewife- 
turned-politician, she was 
increasingly seen as vati Hat- 
ing and indecisive, 
ft was General Ramos who 

former President Marcos, finally made possible her move 
when be and Mr Enrile led the against Mr Enrile. Political 
civilian-backed military revolt observers believe that he will 

play an even mote important 
role in the future. 

The General, who was dep- 
uty chief of the armed forces 
under Mr Marcos as well as a 
former chief of police aud of 
the paramili tary Philippine 
Constabulary, has long been 
identified with reformist ele- 

“woald not allow the com- 
munists to lake over". 

Two weeks after the Janu- 
ary election, which Mrs 
Aquino lost she claimed, 
through cheating and violence. 
General Ramos said: ■‘1 am 
withdrawing my support for 
the President (Marcos)." 

A dear iwt popdar 020 , be 
was less tainted by criticisms 
of the military than many 
senior officers whose jobs were 
extended beyond the normal 
retirement age of 56 or after 39 
years' service. 

Though a distant cousin of 
Mr Marcos he was sees as a 
professional soldier. In the 
Marcos era he was known to 
hare bad meetings with the 
“We Belong" group of younger 
officers long unhappy about 
slow promotion, lack of reform 
and the tarnished image of the 

«_ i-o nut 

MnsBn np«lo«w to meet in 
Oh farf is Mamed widely for 
the collapse of 
pound. If Mr Rashid Karand, 
foe Prime Minister, would |nst 
drive up to Baabda to see the 
President, the Christians were 
saying, he corid “save three 
miffl nn Lebanese from st- 

in west Beirut, where Mr 

of the 

The Ffealm vcR mean- 
while ordering Christian shop- 
keepers to impose a price 
freeze in order to break what 
they called “die SyrimHa- 
spired fauriae*. In west Beirut, 
the people merely stayed at 
home, or wandered aWbady 
aiq^ tire seafront candche, 
dm street stalls iTramt £*- 
regarded by those who once 
had the money to drink coffee 
all day. 

General Ramos: Identified 
with reformist elements. 

that swept Mrs Aqnmo to 
power in February. 

For months thereafter he 
appeared loyal to Mr Enrile, 
thus preventing Mrs Aquino 
from taking derisive action 
against her Defence Minister, 
who had frequently criticized 
her policies and whose follow- 
ers were ramonred to be 
plotting a conp. 

Most observers believe that 

raennnea wun reroraus eie- -i; 

ments among the military. Mr 
Marcos had named him to **** and reserves, 
takeover from General Fabian A © 

Ver, his Armed Forces Chief, AOIMTSO 
on March 1 after having stood 

in as military chief while Manila (Reuter) — General 
General Ver was being tried Rafael fieto, the Philippines' 
last year for alleged involve- new Defence Minister, trained 
meat in the minder of Mr the elite “Yellow Army" 
Benigno Aquino, the Pres- troops guarding President 
ideal’s husband. Aquino, beat a communist 

When General Ver was uprising in the 1950s cad 
acquitted with all the other opposed the imposition of 
defendants in December — a martial law in 1972. 
verdict now challenged — Gen- A professional soldier turn- 
era! Ramos had to step down, ed diplomat, he is widely 
after having made tentative respected by the armed forces, 
reforms to a military tainted Aged 66, a graduate of West 
by charges of corruption and Point and a former Ambas- 
ineffiriency in its fight against sador to Iran, the General cuts 
communist rebels. a fatherly figure above the 

Before the February coup, bickering and power struggles 
General Ramos ™ifr«iad that in the military, 
he believed that Mrs Aquino "1 am disappointed with the 

had links with subversives. He Army." he said last week, 
then said that the military “There have been charges of 

France ‘ready’ to pull 
out 700 Unifil troops 

Fran Zoriana Pysariwsky, New Ybrk 

Aquino guardian joins her Cabinet 

widespread corruption, hu- 
man rights violations and lack 
of discipline by troops in the 

General Ileto was among 
the prominent figures who 
supported Mr Juan Ponce 

band Benigno, Mr Marcos's 

Commenting on Manila's 
political situation. General 
Ileto said; “There are too 
many people who want to i 
become president." -He de- 

opposed the imposition of Enrile. the former Defence, scribed himself as a man in the 

martial law in 1972. 

A professional soldier turn- 
ed diplomat, he is widely 
respected by the armed forces. 
Aged 66, a graduate of West 
Point and a former Ambas- 
sador to Iran, the General cuts 
a fatherly figure above the 
bickering and power snuggles 
in the military. 

“1 am disappointed with the 
Army." he said last week. 
“There have been charges of 

Minister, and General Fidel middle, adding: “I am neutraL 
Ramos when they broke away I don’t take sides." 
from Mr Marcos. As the The soft-spoken general is 
military's deputy Chief of known in the military as 
Staff he opposed Mr Marcos’s fiercely anti-commtmisL 
imposition of martial law in “A coalition with the 
1972 and was sent abroad as munists is out of 
Ambassador to Tehran. question," he said. “The 

A military officer who asked munist New People's i 
not to be named said that must be eliminated. But 

“A coalition with the com- 
munists is out of the 
question," he said. “The com- 
munist New People's Army 
must be eliminated. But right 

General Ileto was believed to now the Government is trying 
have been a dose ally of Mrs to find a peaceful solution to 

Aquino's assassinated 

the problem." 

Seven hundred French sol- 
diers serving with the United 
Natrons peacekeeping fiace 
in southern Lebanon (Unifil) 
are to be withdrawn as part of 
an effort to limit the nnrnber 
ofFrencb targets vulnerable to 
attacks from extremist Stria 
M uslim factions in the area, 
according to sources at the 
United Nations. 

The partial withdrawal, 
which is expected to be an- 
nounced in the next few days, 
follows months of speculation 
aver France's intentions in 
southern Lebanon after sev- 
eral ofits soldiers Ml victim to 
waves erf attacks from pro- 
Iranian Hezbollah gunme n 
last summer. 

There was growing concern 
yesterday that the pull-out, 
amounting to half of the 
Beach battalion, signalled tire 
French Government's de- 
cision to abandon Unifil com- 
pletely before tiie force's 
mandate comes up for renewal 
in January. 

The French contingent is 
considered to be the backbone 

Nations force, and the depar- 
ture of all its troops could 
quickly lead to the force's 

UN officials fear that this 
could in tnm create a vacuum 
in the area, making it easier 

for extremist forces to gtin foe 
upper hand and iacresiag the 
fikeKbood of (finer dashes 
between brad and Syria. 

The remaning French sol- 
diers will be redeployed to 
Unifirs headquarters m Naq- 
quxa, one of t be fo rce ' s Ira 
exposed areas of operation. 
Although some of the po- 
sitions of the departing French 
troops wifi be taken np by 
Nepalese and Fijian aotdasv 
the entire Umfil an wfll be 

According to tfipkanatjc 
sources, the french move has 
been timed to take advantage 
of tiie p res ent ' feB in foe 
campaign agai n s t UN opera- 
tions. The last tiring that the 
French Government would 
want, they said, was togreetbe 
impression that it ms soo 
combing to tire pressure of 

• PARIS: The Prime Mm- 
ister’s office was unable yes- 
terday to confirm or deny foe 
reports (Susan MacDonald 
writes). But aft er bomb attacks 
the French soktws 

the Government had eked 
the United Nations to take 
steps to guarantee foe security 
of its forces, implying that 
wi thdra wal might be consid- 
ered if such guarantees could 
not be met. , ■ • 



Dlnretal <ry MCHAEL- RUHNAM 
A NalKHLli Theatre Pl u C U CUon 
"Humour m us best, a rich add 
loim? production" Dally Mall "A 
Maummiy shaped family 
comedy" Ttenw " It will rail tor a 
long time" Time Out 
E'.muHR MOD ■ Frl 7 30 Mots 1 
W4fe 5-0 Sals 6.00 & nrw 
Call 24 tu- 7 tujr re oi zoo ttoo 
i no Mm fee) Group Safca Ol 930 i 
6123 . 

INdUUl Theatre's omaU audi- 
TmX To mer. W ar 
Thur 7.30 TO MBHKMI 
CLOCK by Arthur Miner Frl 
7 JO. S*V 3 0 A 7 30 THE MT 


Tom Man Mm Amortaan 
Ooch.46 min platform port all 
aas £2 00 

unboaiabfr** Tina) ES 




Lines of 

JgFJ scnpted by its star, 
from a story by 
Graham Greene. The result 
/“ ^““osnreai 

again with a 
“W*®*™ anthw staying at an 
wt-tf-season grand hotel 
against another backdrop of 
nwrotfams, water and seif- 
gafnying fellow guests. The 
dffierem* lay in the prodiv- 
™* s ' ^Kh were signalled 
™» the start As affianced 
““downer Peter went over the 
lamps, the camera homed in 

on the rise and fell of the 

English equestrian rear. “A 
Pretty bum in the saddle”, said 
a ho rsy spe ctator with a leer. 

A pretty bam anywhere”, 

added his companion. 


The hotel was no different 
The flamboyantly fkmncy in- 
terior decorators (Frances 
Matthews and David Yeliand) 
quickly seduced the befl-bop 
and the only lady residents 
were butch Germans in leather 
trousers. When boneymooners 
Peter and Poopy arrived, the 
decorators took one look at 
public-school product Peter 
and soon had him crawling 
around in sw imming trunks on 
a jewelled leash. 

To begin with this left the 
star, Dirk Bogarde as a 
(heterosexual) writer, with lit- 
tle to do but to complain about 
the noise. Eventually he fell 
for neglected and deceived wife 
Poopy. And when the camera 
closed in on them it became 
dear that another long-stand- 
ing affair, between Bogarde 
and the camera, is not dead. 
The wry, self-deprecating 
smile is still there. The lines 
only add to the interest 

The charming Charlotte 
Attenborough (daughter of 
Richard), who played Poopy, 
totally lacked lines. A 27-year- 
old in real life, she had no 
difficulty in convindng us that 
she was four years younger. 
However, she bore no resem- 
blance to the county gel she 
was supposed to be. In writing 
her dialogue, Mr Bogarde 
seemed sparsely acquainted 
with the landed gentry. On the 
strength, and weakness, of this 
drama, let ns hope that be will 
now turn his fastidious eye on 
to a world that he knows really 
well, to give us a completely 
original screenplay. 


Campbell Dixon 


he “ooloriaition” con- 
troversy continues un- 
abated. On the opening 
day of the London Film 
Festival, the Directors’ 
Guild of Great Britain held a 
conference at the National Kim 
Theatre. The panel was chaired by 
Barry Norman and included the 
directors Fred Zinnemann. Alan 
Parker and Neil Jordan, together 
with the veteran cinematographer 
Douglas Slocombe. who filmed 
most of the Ealing classes, from 
Dead of Night onwards. 

As a debate it inevitably lacked a 
degree of dynamism, since it was 
entirely one-sided. No one, it 
seems, outside the two American 
firms who have a large financial 
stake in the process, has a good 
word for “colorization” — a com- 
puter process which permits black 
and white films to be coloured for 
re-release on television and video. 

The few people in this country 
who have actually seen the results 
report that the computerized col- 
ours are limited and rather lurid, 
and flatten the image. The colour- 
ing can be very approximate: it is 
said that American viewers were 
startled when Frank Sinatra ap- 
peared in a “colorized” film with 
the famous old blue eyes trans- 
muted to brown. The Costume 
Designers' Guild of America, who 
are among the strongest opponents, 
complain that their members' cre- 
ations are being travestied, when 
scenes subtly worked out in shades 
of grey emerge in gay purples and 

Aesthetically the process is at 
best equivalent to the efforts of 
those unscrupulous dealers who 
colour old engravings that were 
intended to be black and white. 
The anti-colourists prefer more 
extreme analogies, like that of 
painting Rodin sculptures in 
“natural” colours. Even when the 
process improves, as it inevitably 
will, the objections must remain. 
Cinematography is a very exact 
craft, and a black and white fihn is 
lit in an altogether different way 
from a film that is shot in colour. 

The film-makers who hate 

to have their 
lilies gilded 

The public may prefer their movies 
coloured, but directors who worked 
in black and white are fighting back 
against die distortion of their 
original images: David Robinson 
reports on the battle between the 
creative artist and the entrepreneur 

Gary Cooper in Hfc 
of the threatened films of] 
Zmnemaan, who is rigorously 
leading the fight 

Pk tonally the subsequent addition 
of synthetic colour can only dimin- 
ish the visual style. 

Nor is it a valid argument that 
directors might have preferred to 
make their films in colour, had 
technical or economic circum- 
stances permitted. Although Wil- 
liam Wyler originally wanted to 
shoot Jezebel in colour, when 
finally obliged to make the film in 
Mack and white he and his camera- 
man conceived it for that medium 
and shot it with the best means of 
their craft. To “colorize” the result 
at this stage, far from fulfilling the 
author's wishes, travesties his 

Even if the results were aestheti- 
cally satisfactory, the argument 
continues, it would still be morally 
unacceptable to distort and destroy 
the results that the original direc- 
tors and photographers intended, 
at least without their consent The 

debate has sharply focused the 
issue of the rights of the author in 
motion pictures — which by and 
large are nonexistent The aged 
Frank Capra has protested unavail- 
in gly at the “colorization’' of It’s a 
wonderful Life \ one of the first 
majorfilms to be abused. Currently 
John Huston is bringing an action 
to prevent the “colouration" of 
The Maltese Falcon, which will be 
a test eas e of major significance in 
the matter of author's rights. 

Unfortunately morality as a rule 
has little chance of making head- 
way against money, and the finan- 
cial stakes are huge. The public at 
large goes for gaudiness and prefers 
pictures in colour. One of the first 
“colorized” films to be transmitted 
on American television, the 1947 
fantasy Miracle on Main Street, 
proved a big hhin the ratings. An 
executive asked proudly: “Where 
could you have seen Miracle in 
prime time in black and white? As 


a marketing man, colorization is a 
marketing reason, not a fine ait 
reason.” On the video market, 
colour fi lms ran sell ten tunes 
better than Mack and white. 

rigorously leading the 
rattle against “color- 
ization” has been Fred 
Zinngirmiw, whose own 
classic works like High 
Noon and From Here to Eternity 
are under threat. His initial fears of 
appearing to be a solitary, aged 
reactionary and kflljoy have 
proved unfounded. It seems that 
every creative artist in the business 
— even directors like Parker and 
Jordan who have never had the 
opportunity to work in Made and 
white — is now in total support 

Even so, it is hard to see how 
they can bear what looks like 
growing into a bfllioo-doliar in- 
dustry. Legislation is a distant and 
uncertain prospect, though in this 

Humphrey Bogart in The 
Maltese Falcon, whose director, 
John Huston, is currently 
bringing a legal action to save it 

country a White Paper presented 
by the Department of Trade and 
Industry held out feint hope. 
Proposing legislation on Intellec- 
tual Property and Innovation, it 
advocated giving authors and their 
assignees and heirs the right of 
objection to distortion, for the 
entire duration of their copyright 

It would be Utopian to think that 
the public could be trained to 
discriminate between real and 
added colour, or to care. The 
danger is that new generations will 
grow up innocently believing that 
Stagecoach and Citizen Kane and 
The Third Man were always 

The attitude of the television 
companies will be crucial Despite 
the powerful opposition lobby, 
television companies in the United 
States seem so far happy to accept 
“colorized” films. In this country 
Jeremy Isaacs has led the indepen- 

dent companies with a si ate merit 
that Channel 4 will never screen 
films in anv but their original form. 
The BBC’s attitude seems more 
ambivalent, apparently favouring a 
scheme of compiling a list of films 
which should be protected and 
which the Corporation would not 
transmit in “colorized” form. 

A listing system of this kind is 
dubious, however, since aesthetic 
values tend to change with lime: 25 
years ago few people would h3ve 
anticipated that Casablanca and 
Laurel and Hardy would one day 
be revered as classics. Moreover 
the listing idea puts the BBC into 
an odd corner if it suggests that 
they might recognize a category of 
film considered loo trashy to 
protect, but not too trashy io show. 

There seems little prospect of 
stopping the “colorizers” dead in 
their tracks, given their huge 
investment and still larger pros- 
pects of profit Perhaps, then, the 
first-stage strategy of ihe opposi- 
tion should be to use moral 
pressure, and the (rather stronger) 
argument of the television purvey- 
ors who reject “colorization", to 
secure a pledge from the firms 
involved that every llim (hat 
undergoes the process must remain 
freely available in its original black 
and white form. Without such a 
commitment, there is a grave 
danger that the original versions 
will disappear for ever. A number 
of black and white classics have 
already mysteriously vanished 
from the video catalogues. 

One of the “colorization” firms 
is a subsidiary of the Ha! Roach 
Studios, and the 94-year-old Roach 
regards with apparent equanimity 
the prospect of his Laurel and 
Hardy films blooming into colour. 
A couple of weeks ago however this 
formidable nonagenarian, lectur- 
ing at the National Him Theatre, 
delivered the last, caustic word on 
“coloriration”: “Every day”, he 
said, “there are comics in the 
American papers. Six days a week, 
they’re black and while. Sundays 
they're in colour . . . but they 
aren't one bit funnier that way .” 

Character all on the surface 

Having established his creden- 
tials in music of his native 
Russian heritage on previous 
occasions. Mariss Yansons 
ventured into the universal 
Beethoven for his Saturday 
night concert with the Phil- 
harmonia Orchestra, conduct- 
ing in succession the Eighth 
and Ninth Symphonies. The 
earlier of the two was soon 
despatched, with exuberance 
and a certain swagger, and 
before the second was half 
over it was clear that character 
was confined to surface 

The urgency and sense of 
pace with which the Leningrad 
visitor redeemed Rachman- 
inov from sentimental excess. 


Sleeping Beauty 

Covent Garden 

The most enthusiastic burst of 
applause during Friday's per- 
formance of The Sleeping 
Beauty was for Anthony 
Dowell as Carabosse, the 
wicked fairy, disappearing 
through a trap-door after 
putting Aurora into her 100 
years' sleep and leading her 
would-be avengers a fine old 
dance through the crowds. 
Since his debut in the role last 
season Dowell has worked up 
the character to a pinnacle of 
sexless malevolence. 

I only wish the other players 
all had his concentration and 
attention to detail, although 
one could hardly hope for 
everyone to match his skill 
and flair. Too many of the 
performers seemed to be going 
through set motions instead of 
making their roles live. Ra- 
venna Tasker’s Aurora is 
thoughtfully presented but 
still at the stage of concentrat- 

ing on steps more than charac- 
ter. Watching her so soon after 
seeing Gelsey Kirkland’s in- 
terpretation of tiie same part, I 
was conscious that Tucker was 
dancing solos where Kirkland 
danced a story. Tucker has 
shown herself before now able 
to learn from others, so we can 
hope for development Mean- 
while, she is best when sim- 
plest cramming too many 
difficult steps into the coda of 
the wedding duet left her 
looking flumed. 

She and Jonathan Cope 
brought some ardour to their 
duets, but she deserves suitors 
of more courtliness for the 
Rose Adagio: only Antony 
Dowson among the four 
princes showed any sense of 
gra vitas. Several aspiring 
young dancers were featured 
in small roles. Deborah Bull 
and Viviana Duranti showed 
poise in their prologue solos: 
Julie Bowers and Peter 
Abegglen brought zest in the 
Red Riding Hood duet but 
only Maria Almeida among 
the Floreslan trio lived up to 
its demands. 

John Percival 


Festival Hall 

in his other concert with the 
same orchestra last week, now 
became the means to driving 
Beethoven hard and reck- 
lessly. Rhythms were rigid and 
stiff-backed, with no ebb and 
flow of phrase or expressive 
feeling, and with the orches- 
tral sound often acquiring a 
raucous edge, not least from 
its doubled woodwind 

With the horns seated cen- 
trally at the back, and the 
cellos enclosed between vi- 
olins and violas, the balance of 
timbre was often considerably 
changed, some strands becom- 
ing unexpectedly prominent 

The University of London’s 
1 50th year was celebrated here 
with a refreshing parade of the 
herc-and-now, rather than a 
veneration of ancient glories. 
Every note in this concert was 
penned in the last decade, and 
all by composers commis- 
sioned at some time by the 
music department of Gold- 
smiths College. The one new 
work was, fittingly, by the 
departmental bras, Stanley 
Glassen a droll effort for two 
cellos and piano called From 
Out of My BL Mini , appar- 
ently inspired by car journeys 
to university meetings. 

Judging from the first 
movement's gusty repartee, 
Glasser is not averse to 
crunching the gears a bit, but 
the music's general pur- 
posefulness suggested his stee- 
ring is reasonable, and when 
he hit top speed in the third 
movement (if the concept of 

and others submerged. Not 
enough was made of the 
variations of tempo which 
help to give the Adagio its 
reflective wonder, and the 
spirit of universal rejoicing 
summoned by the choral fi- 
nale was virtually denied by 
its angry vehemence. 

Indeed, I bad the im- 
pression that the Philhar- 
monia Chorus were being 
forced to anticipate Stravin- 
sky a century later by singing 
words for their syllabic value 
rather than their sense, while 
the solo quartet of Elizabeth 
Harwood, Penelope Walker, 
Ian Caley and David Wilson- 
Johnson sounded less than 
secure. This corona of words 
designed to make articulate 
the music's spiritual in- 
tentions look on an almost 
taudry glitter after what went 

There were passing virtues 
in the Eighth Symphony at the 




Purcell Room 

speed is compatible with a BL 
Mini) one could well-nigh 
smell the burning rubber. 

The hard-working pianist 
here, Andrew Ball, also gave 
what occasionally sounded 
like a slightly nervous account 
of Edward Gregson’s one- 
movement Kano Sonata — 
another energetically varied 
piece with some unashamed 
outbreaks of cheerful lyricism 
— while one of the cellists. 
Marcus Hoklaway, was the 
assured soloist in Nicola 
LeFanu’s hypnotic 1979 piece 
Deva. Placing the cello's de- 
scent, from reticent harmonics 
to full eloquence, against some 
shadowy instrumental sonor- 

Yansons: driving hard 

start of the programme, 
mainly in the perky vitality of 
the fester movements and the 
bold dynamic contrasts which 
brought some finely-drawn 
soft playing in different sec- 
tions of the orchestra. At the 
other extreme, the only occa- 
sion Beethoven uses tire triple 
forte marking in all his sym- 
phonies did not go unmarked. 

Noel Goodwin 

ities, Deva only slightly over- 
extended its mysterious mat- 

The preparation and exper- 
tise of the dozen players in the 
Goldsmiths Chamber En- 
semble, under Edward Greg- 
son’s direction, was exem- 
plary throughout the evening. 
They had opened with At the 
Still Point of the Turning 
World, not one of Paul 
Patterson's most memorable 
creations but certainly styl- 
ishly crafted. They closed with 
Gary Carpenter’s exuberant 
musical diary of his two years 
in Germany, Die Flim- 
merkiste (“The Magic Lan- 
tern" - also, apparently, the 
name of an interesting bar in 
Krefeld). A surrealist pro- 
cession of. if my arithmetic is 
correct, 67 miniature move- 
ments, it dazzled with its 
pungent pithiness. 

Richard Morrison 



Kennedy Center, 

Having been primed by a 
barrage of advance publicity 
and Minded by the snnoued- 
ing social glitter, one was 
stimued at tire Insignificance 
of the event itself: foe Wash- 
ington Opera premtere of Gian 
Carte Menottf s Goya. Accor- 
ding to Pladdo Domingo, foe 
evening's star attraction (on- 
stage, that is; the media 
hordes showed greater interest 
in Queen Sofia of Spam and 
US Secretary of State George 
Shnltz in foe loge), foe idea 
was his: “I asked Gian Carlo, 
'Why don't you write an opera 
about the great painter, be- 
cause Goya has always had my 
admiration as an artist hot 
also as a great Spanish pa- 
triot? To be aide to portray his 
character is a great chal- 

AII too well matched: Placido Domingo, Victoria Vergara 


8 King Street, London SWL Tel: 0I-S39 9060 
Tuesday 25 November at 10.30 a.m. 

Tuesday 25 November at 11 a.m. 


Tuesday 25 November at 11 ajn. and 2-30 p.m. 

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Wednesday 26 November at 2.30 p-m. 

Thursday 27 No vemb er at 11 a.m. 


Thursday 27 November at 11 a.m. 

19th AND 20th CENTURIES 

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Friday 2S November at 11 a.m. 
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rhris rie's Sooth Kensington is open for viewing on 
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Christie's have 25 local offices in the UK. 
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Not much for our comfort 

On a couple of public appear- 
ances last week Michael 
Green, the new Controller of 
Radio 4, expressed surprise at 
the continuing image of the 
network. That stereotype, he 
thought, is a good five years 
out of date. I rather agree, 
though the reasons for it do 
linger in the sometimes win- 
some tones of its presentation; 
in the amount of its output 
devoted to giving us good 
advice and investigating 
smouldering social issues. 
There was nothing cosy, how. 
ever, about the short series 
which ended last night, A 
Look Inside. 

Leslie Fail-weather’s three 
programmes have been exam- 
ining the past, present and 
future of the prisons, with 
particular reference to Pen- 
ionville. This in its day was a 
Victorian model prison - a 
vast improvement on the 
more or less unregulated squa- 
lor that went before. With new 
building, however, went a 
philosophy which held that 
prison life should be as bad 
and as humiliating as possible 
- although this needs to be 
seen in the context of the 
society in which new prison 
conditions were a great deal 
belter than much housing. 
How (hen to make prisons a 

For the second programme 
Mr Fairweather took us into 
presem-day Pentonville. still 
all too obviously a Victorian 
design and for that reason 


hopelessly ill-adapted to mod- 
em conditions. Physical app- 
earances apart, however, it is 
doubtful whether our fore- 
bears would recognize the 
place as a prison at alL 
Nevertheless they and we 
have one fundamental thing 
in common: we do not know 
how to turn crooks into law- 
abiding citizens. None of the 
prisoners we heard thought be 
would change his ways. 

Very little for our comfort 
here then on Radio 4. And no 
easy reassurances either in this 
year's Reifo Lectures (Radio 
4, Wednesdays, repeating Ra- 
dio 3, Sundays), even if I find 
myself more actively enjoying 
them than on most past 
occasions. Lord McCluskey, 
former Solicitor-General for 
Scotland and a Judge of the 
Scottish High Court, is giving 
an account of the processes by 
which judges judge: how they 
make and remake law, and 
how it is that good law to a 
judge may be bad law to 
society at large. 

Where is the enjoyment in 
all this? Well, it springs in part 
from his Lordship's delivery, 
which combines elegance of 
expression with a certain very 
Scottish humour — deadpan 
but not quite. And there is also 
a kind of enjoyment in an 
account of our efforts to do 
justice which makes them so 

recognizable as essentially and 
typically human. 

I could point to a dozen 
other recent programmes 
which by no means conform 
to the Radio 4 “hearth and 
home" stereotype, but a 
couple will have to suffice. 
Christopher Fry's was marked 
by an uncommonly attractive 
and. robust With Great Plea- 
sure (November 15) and an 
equally uncommon and att- 
ractive new play. One Thing 
at a Tinie, Or Caedmon 
Constrnde (November 16) 
told how the 7tb-century poet 
found his voice. It was fluent, 
evocative of the once great 
Abbey of Whitby on its cliff- 
top, yet sparer than the Fry 
who once beguiled us, ana 
maybe the better for that. 

Mind you, absence of re- 
assurance can take other 
forms. We have recently heard 
from the last of the five Radio 
Times comedy-writing com- 
petition winners. The four I 
listened to, with one exception 
(Ewart Hutton's Brian the 
Wise), depressed me very 
much indeed and I felt I ought 
to write a letter of condolence 
to the judges. No condolences 
however are required to mark 
the passing of Hoax, which 
mercifully tottered to a dose 
last Friday. A pale imitation of 
Call My Bluff — celebrities tdl 
jolly anecdotes, one of which 
will prove to be a fib — it 
started terminally ill and 
never rallied. 

David Wade 

A challenge wholly unmet, 
for his part, fey the composer, 
who also wrote foe libretto and 
directed. The five brief scenes 
scarcely amount to caricature, 
much less characterization. 
Nor is there character to be 
fomd m foe score, sickly sweet 
and redolent throughout of 
Falla, Bizet, Romberg and 
every piece that ever used 
castanets. And of coarse Puc- 
cini. Bat it is dubious tribute 
indeed that stands the old 
master on his head. Whereas 
Puccini was able to portray 
fictional painters in such a way 
as to make as care deeply 
abort them, his disciple has 
managed to reduce an actual 
painter we care deeply about to 
a nullity. 

Similarly, the other charac- 
ters are mere props. The 
hysteria that greets the death 
by poisoning of Goya’s par- 
amour, the Duchess of Alba, 
who has done little to elicit our 
sympathy, seems utterly ludi- 
crous. But the Duchess re- 
turns, madonna-tike, in a 
concluding apparition that re- 
veals the point of foe enter- 
prise; what we really hear, as 
the empty shell of an artist 
voices his final apologia, is the 
composer-librettist’s seffjus- 
tification: “O Ait, O beau- 
ty . . . My only truth, my only 
love. Pity foe artist’s human- 
ity, and lead him to God’s 
perfection.” No need for cour- 
age or imagination, then, 
where “beauty” is concerned, 
and if “beauty” is what foe 
audience wants (as, dearly. 

this enthusiastic one did), so 
much foe better. 

Menottfs long, assertively 
tonal and endlessly doying 
melodies, swathed in swooning 
string harmonies that sound 
hopelessly old-hat even by 
HoHywoodish standards, foil 
to display the voices in any 
i n tere s ting way. Indeed, ex- 
cept in the occasional sten- 
torian tone, Domingo sounded 
almost ordinary, and thus a 
good vocal match for Victoria 
Vergara as the Duchess. The 
performance, conducted by 

Rafael Fruhbeck de Burgos, 
seemed wefl prepared for a 
premiere, notwithstanding re- 
ports that the orchestration 
had been finished just a 
fortnight before. 

The staging reaches its 
nadir in the final scene when, 
before foe Duchess's re- 
appearance. sundry visions 
and demons come to torment 
foe blind and deaf oid painter 
in tawdry dances. 

James R. 


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Diameter 1,770 feet 
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Illustration by John Gnmwade 

When Mrs Thatcher 

heads the European 







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summit next week one 
subject will influence 
e very other — the 
imminent bankruptcy 
of the EEC 

# As our illustration 
shows, the Common 
Agricultural Policy has 
g one haywire. It now 
costs more to store 
butter and grain than 
the goods are worth 

# Introducing the first 
of a five-pait series, 
George Hill explains 
what went wrong 

B ack in Europe’s days 
of innocence, two 
centuries before there 
was a Common Agri- 
cultural Policy, Jona- 
than Swift said that if 
any man cotdd make two ears of 
corn grow on a spot of ground 
where only one grew before, he 
would deserve better of mankind 
than the whole race of politicians 
put together. 

The miraculous doubting of 
form productivity Swift imagined 
has become a commonplace of 
European agriculture — Britain's 
cereal production per acre exactly 
doubled, between 1975 and 1985, 
and comparable advances have 
been achieved with other crops. 
But he would not be surprised in 
the least to find that the politicians 
have contrived to turn that benefit 
into a monster which threatens to 
engulf Europe in disputes and to 
disrupt the agriculture of the 
whole world. 

The CAP is an absolutely 
intolerable policy, and at the same 
time an absolutely indispensable 
one. Everyone involved with it 
knows that it cannot be allowed to 
go on as it is. yet it seems 
impossible to reform it without 
causing untold political, soda! and 
environmental disturbance 
throughout (he Community. It is 
Europe’s sacred cow, an un- 
controllable cornucopia which 
threatens to overwhelm those who 
conjured it up with an unmanage- 
able largesse of com and beef, 
butter, olives and wine. 

When we buy these foods in the 
shops, we pay prices calculated lo 
spur farmers on to produce still 
more. If production under the 
CAP continues to rise at present 
rates, stimulated by a subsidy 
regime which guarantees a good 
price for harvests of any size 
regardless of demand, it is pre- 
dicted that the unwanted surplus 
of cereal alone will treble by 1991, 
to a level equivalent to a quarter of 
a tonne of grain for every man, 
woman and child in the EEC. 

Britain's gross contribution to 
operating this policy already 
amounts to six times as much as 
we spend on maintaining the 
fortress Falklands, and half as 
much again as the Government 
pays out in unemployment bene- 
fit. This year the programme 
which has given Europe its new 
geography of edible mountains 
and lakes is expected to overrun 
its budget of about £ 1 2 billion by a 
billion pounds, largely because of 
ihe cost of storing the rising stocks 
of surplus food - a cost which now 
accounts for not far short of half of 
the cost of the entire CAP. 
According to the Euro-MP Peter 
price the cost over-run will be 
more like £2 billion than £1 
billion, and the annual cost of 
storing the unwanted stocks is not 
for short of their actual value on a 
glutted market Some of Europe's 
newest millionaires have founded 
their fortunes on providing stor- 
age. and some of Europe's best 
minds have been bent to the task 
of getting rid of as much as 
possible with the minimum of cost 
and publicity. They have devised 
projects worthy of Swift’s Hying 
Island, including one to dispose oT 
surplus butter by recycling u back 
into feed for cattle (which do not 
care for it) — fattening them up to 
contribute to the beef and butter 
surpluses of tomorrow. 

Much of the surplus is exported 
at giveaway prices, undercutting 
the efforts of producers elsewhere 
— who face steeo tariff barriers 

against selling in the EEC on their 
own account —and making mock- 
ery of the attempts of developing 
countries to achieve selfsuf- 
ficiency. In the long run, this 
process, partly pursued under the 
rubric of aid, may tend actually to 
increase poorer countries’ 
vulnerability to famine. 

Attempts have been made in the 
last two years to bring the policy 
under some kind of control, but 
they have not succeeded even in 
halting the growth of the lakes and 
mountains, let alone in making 
inroads into their bulk. Mean- 
while, the cost of buying every 
pint of milk and bushel of com the 
farmers can produce falls heavily 
on Europe's consumers. A House 
of Lords report six years ago 
estimated that the CAP was then 
adding 10 per cent to food prices 
in this country. 

‘Farmers have begun 
to forget that 
fanning is an 
insecure business’ 

A lthough Britain, 
which has long been 
pressing the need for 
drastic reforms, is 
now near the end of a 
six months’ tenure of 
the presidency of the EEC Agri- 
cultural Council we have little to 
show for this opportunity. The 
bureaucrats of the European 
Commission in Brussels and the 
members of the European Par- 
liament in Strasbourg are also 
committed to reform. But na- 
tional self-interest embodied in 
the Council of Ministers, creates 
an almost insurmountable politi- 
cal inertia. 

It is not as if the farmers 
themselves are happy. All over 
Europe they are complaining as 
bitterly as ever, blaming the 
Community bureaucrats for the 
insecurities of their lot which in 
the past would have had to be pot 
down to impersonal factors like 
weather and scarcity. Every 
manipulation of the price support 
structure to mitigate the worst 
distortions of oversupply has the 
impact of a kind of artificial 
famine on the farmers who lose 
out There is lively competition 
between the politicians of member 
nations to mould the rules to 
favour their countries’ interests. 
But in most parts of Europe the 
historic flight from the land is 
continuing at greater or lesser 
speed, and painful adjustments 
are having to be made. 

British farmers have suffered 
more than most, in the years since 
the boom of the 1970s. Their 
average incomes dropped 43 per 
cent in 1 9S5. and debts incurred in 
more confident times weigh 
heavily today, though bank- 
ruptcies are rare as yeL In addi- 
tion, they have an uneasy 
awareness that the CAP was not 
designed with their interests in 
mind. In the banking community, 
a fall of as much as 30 per cent in 
the number of full-time British 

fanners is expected over the next 
10 years. A few have actually left 
Britain to farm in France, where 
the industry has more electoral 
clout than it does here, and fights 
for its interests mare ruthlessly. 

Hie truth is that Europe’s 
farmers have begun to forget that 
fanning is inherently an insecure 
business, subject to harsh fluctua- 
tions according to weather and 
demand. For all its mounting 
shortcomings, the CAP has 
achieved its fundamental purpose 
and brought at least a relative 
stability, economic and social to 
the community’s rural areas. It is 
.doing this by a process which lays 
an increasing economic burden on 
the Community as a whole, and by 
exporting instabilities to other 
parts of the world. Bui the policy 
remains an indispensable pillar of 
the post-war European settlement 
The ferocity with which its propo- 
nents repel any questioning of its 
Holy Writ partly reflects the 
emotional charge that the Euro- 
■ pean ideal still carries. 

And in the last resort, a rising 
capacity to produce food cannot 
really be a bad thing in an 
increasingly crowded world- Mi- 
chael Jopluig, Secretary of State 
for Agriculture, is quite right when 
he insists that the problems of the 
CAP are the problems of success. 

But the debate is so im- 
passioned that it threatens to 
become an obsession — one which, 
as Giovanni Agnelli the president 
of Fiat, wamea this month, tends 
to distract Europe's attention from 
the industrial and economic 
development that the EEC exists 
to promote. If any internal factor 

Part 1: Reaping the 
harvest of cowardice 

could threaten the cohesion of the 
O mni uni ty, it is the reform of the 
CAP. r ^ 

All this would have a profound 
irony for the original architects of 
the Treaty of Rome. The very 
purpose of the CAP was to defuse 
agriculture as Ihe divisive factor 
that they foresaw it might be. It 
made an incongruous enclave 
within the EEC ideal In a struc- 
ture founded on the ideals of 
world free trade and open mar- 
kets, the CAP enshrined protec- 
tion. price control and open-ended 
subsidy. The irony is that for 
much of the world, the EEC today 
stands represented by its agri- 
cultural rather than its industrial 
policy — and therefore risks 
provoking in retaliation tariff 
barriers restricting free trade in 
industrial and agricultural exports 
alike. The tail threatens to wag the 

The agricultural policy, was a 
•central dement in the trade-off of 
interests between Germany and 
France which determined the 
form of the Treaty of Rome in 
1957. Germany wanted free out- 
lets for its industrial production, 
as well as international 
respectability after the war; France 
wanted trading opportunities for 
its colonies and its relatively 
numerous peasant farmers. 

The founders of the Market 
sought to mould European institu- 
tions into a form which would 
make it impossible for war to 
break out again as it had done 
twice in the century, and to fill a 
political vacuum threatened by 
Russian expansion. Their sense of 
urgency impelled them to start 
getting the framework into place 
as soon as possible. The CAP, 
growing stage by stage between 
1957 and 1970, was a talisman of 
unity: under any other conditions, 
it would have grown more slowly, 
and in less uncompromising 

The war had ravaged Europe's 
fanning, and the Depression had 
shown earlier how vulnerable 
fanning could be when its cus- 
tomers were forced to tighten their 
belts. Crushing fluctuations in 
world prices were the norm. The 
EEC set out towards a regime 
which would protect farmers from 
being undercut by ‘cheaper im- 
ports from outside when world 
prices were low. and encourage 
them to step up production and 
invest in higher efficiency by 
o Bering them uniform Commu- 
nity-wide guaranteed prices, to be 
met by import levies and the 
wealth created by German in- 
dustry as it expanded to serve an 
open market of 200 million. 

But security and incentives to 
efficiency accomplished miracles. 
As early as 1958, Dr Sicco 
Mansholt, the architect of the 
CAP, was warning of the risk that 


In an age when very few Europe- 
ans go hungry it is easy to forget 
the problems that prevailed 29 
years ago, when the Treaty of 
Rome was signed and the Com- 
mon Agricultural Poficy was 

Between 1939 and 1945, thanks 
to tike combined efforts of the 
Atlantic convoys and the Land 
Army, plus a great deal of 
research and advice on nutrition, 
i Wwin managed to feed itself. In 
the rest of Europe, however, 
millions went without food muter 
Nazi occupation and by the time 
they were defeated the Gomans 
themselves were starving- In the 
ravaged postwar years the leaden 
of Europe vowed_ that it should 

never happen again. 

It was largely because of this 
obsession with self-sufficiency 
that a common market m agri- 
culture became the dominant 
objective of the Treaty of Rome. 
The other important motive was 
the fact that in 1958, when the 
Treaty was signed, almost 16 
million people in the ax signatory 
states — France, West Germany, 
Italy, the Netherlands, Belgian 
and Luxembourg — were still 
employed in agriculture; nearly a 
quarter of the working popula- 
tion, compared with 4 per cent m 

High hopes: sign ing the Treaty of Rome in March, 1957 

Britain. The Treaty aimed to 
bring their living standards up to 
those enjoyed .by industrial 

A third element was a kind of 
political bargain between France 
and Germany. The French needed 
a market for their farm produce, 
w hil e the Gennaim, deprived of 
pre-war customers, needed new 
la yers for their industries. 

The principle was that there 
should be free trade between 

member states, with a common 
external tariff to protect produc- 
ers from outside competition. Hie 
founding fathers failed to foresee 
that dramatic increases in 
productivity would turn Western 
Europe into one of the most 
prolific food-producing regions in 
the world. Support prices which 
would ensure a modest living for a 
peasant family became a bonanza 
for those farming the fertile 
plains of northern Europe. 

the policy might subsidize 
wanted surpluses. Ten years later, 
even before the pooling of farm 
financing into a common system 
was complete, he produced a plan 
to avert the threat by freezing food 
prices. But the CAP was by then 
inexorably on course: it has not 
si gnifi cantly changed course since. 
A sort of inverted Micawberism 
has come to reign in the Commu- 
nity: “Annual increase in agri- 
cultural production 2 per cent - 
annual increase in consumption 
0.5 per cent — result Misery!”. 

if Dr Mansholt could not divert 
the CAP from its course. Britain 
certainly was not going to be able 
to. The governments negotiating 
and renegotiating British entry in 
the Sixties and Seventies accepted 
it in effect as the price of entry, 
although it marked a painful 
breach with our traditional poli- 
cies of buying on the world market 
(there was usually a buyers’ mar- 
ket somewhere), and subsidizing 
our farmers directly, rather than 
through price guarantees. It was a 
policy which meant cheap food, 
with the burden of subsidy falling 
on tbe taxpayer, and no built-in 
incentive to oversupply. 

Community regulations, de- 
signed to ease Europe’s small 
peasant farms painlessly towards 
greater efficiency, tend to . be 
unhelpful to British farms, most of 
which, are already relatively large 
and highly mechanized. Britain 
contributes more to the CAP fond 
than it receives, and this country 
has a vested interest in CAP 
reform — but when Mrs Thatcher 
mounted her frontal assault on 
EEC funding, she concentrated on 
our share of the budget, leaving 
limited resources of goodwill be- 
hind for farm policy reform. 

Meanwhile the Community has 
grown, and the accession of mil- 
lions more relatively poor fanners 
needing support, Greek, Spanish 
and Portuguese, has turned even 
France into a net contributor to 
the fond, and hastened the day 
when an unreformed system 
would bankrupt tbe Community. 
Bui the farm lobby remains strong 
in France, and has become strong 
in Germany. Their farm ministers 
are today among the most in- 
flexible ofall opponents of change. 

Change would not be simple to 
bring about even apart from the 
lobbyists. .Ml fanners claim that 
they .louer along not far from 
bankruptcy, and some really do. 
Simply rewarding efficiency 
would penalize those who operate 
on the hills or in harsh climates, 
where a failure of agriculture 
would shatter social patterns. 
Phasing would be essential, to 
allow farmers to adapt But that 
creates its own problems: a farmer 
growing com can gp into beef if 
the Community decides to pay 
farmers less for corn. Cheaper 
corn for feed makes beef more 
profitable, everyone sees the 
opportunity, and in no time action 
to stem one surplus has boosted 

If price cuts are politically 
unthinkable, time and a price 
freeze must do the same job. 
Restricting output is a possibility, 
though a great generator of red 
tape. Production quotas were 
introduced as a desperate measure 
in dairy farming two years ago. 
They are unpopular and a dis- 
incentive to improving efficiency. 
As a last resort, fanners might be 
paid for r.ot farming a certain 
percentage of their land — a “set- 
aside ‘ policy”, as it is caHcd — 
perhaps on condition that they 
took care, to prevent it declining 
into unkempt wilderness. 

The principle of open-ended 
price guarantees rs ore of the 
pillars of the C AP. but any serious 
attack on the problem ■* likely to 
involve a tapering down of sub- 
sidy cn marginal oroduction of 
surplus products. Where a surplus 
builds up. the oruducors should 
meet a*. least a share of the cost of of -L- Today’s produce 
mountains are only a symptom ot 
the problem of over-production, 
and there is no hope of eliminating 
them - a costly onee-for-all 
process — until the underlying 
problem has been solved. 

Car. the world have too much 
food, anyway? Why not send the 
surplus to Ethiopia, with Europe’s 
blessing? Much has been soil 
with sighs of relief from the 
bureaucrats. Bui except in outright 
famine conditions, food aid can 
do more harm than good. as» it 
disrupt the markets of local 

‘The major capitalist 
economic powers 
wouid like to be 
virtuous - but not vet’ 

| he “green revolution” 
has enabled more and 
more parts of the 
world to become self- 
sufficient in staple 
foods, and floods of 
dumped EEC produce only 
threaten the newly-attained ef- 
ficiency of farming in countries 
like India and Zimbabwe, as well 
as the prosperity of established 
open-market producer like New 
Zealand. The sad story of 
Thailand's short-lived tapioca 
boom illustrates bow price-fixing 
in Brussels can create a gimcrack 
artificial prosperity in a country 
on the other side of the world, and 
suddenly cancel it again. 

It is an unattractive use of 
economic power. The resentment 
of other world producers was 
manifest at the conference on the 
problem in Uruguay last month. 
The new L’nited Stales Congress 
promises lo take a more truculent 
line against Europe's protec- 
tionism. In fact, however, the US 
is at least as great an offender, with 
farm subsidies this year of $35 
billion, compared with the CAP’s 
S23 billion. American farmers are 
admittedly in worse trouble than 
European ones, illustrating that 
even the most lavish subsidy 
regime cannot entirety insulate its 
recipients from market forces. 
Japan likewise pays large subsidies 
lo its rice-growers. Japan, the USA 
and the EEC all over-produce, and 
all unload cheap produce abroad 
to the dismay of local producers. 

Socialist countries, convenient 
recipients of western surpluses, 
spare themselves a problem by 
keeping their ideology pure and 
their farms inefficient But the 
truth . is that • major capitalist 
economic powers ail find it diffi- 
cult to distribute a share of the 
rewards of industrial prosperity to 
their farmers. In attempting to do 
so.’ they create world-wide market 
distortions which every domestic 
pressure serves to reinforce. They 
know _ that the ultimate answer 
must lie in smaller subsidies, and a 
balance cf domestic production 
wiih demand. They would like to 
be virtuous, but not yet The rest 
pi .the world .will not easily forgive 
its wealthiest powers if thev 
continue, for selfish reasons, to 
jeopardize the struggles of less 
fortunate countries to break 
through to a comparable eco- 
nomic security. 




food monster grew out of 




• Dr Sicco Mansholt, one 
of the founding fathers of the 
EEC was among the first 
to point out that unless some 
of Europe’s farmland was 
taken out of production 
there would be too much 
food. No one listened then; 
they are listening now_ 

T here was a headline- 
many years ago in a 
West German news- 
paper that has stock in 
the mind of Dr Sicco 
Mansholt. a tall, 
imposing man of 78, whose per- 
sonal vision of a common policy 
on agriculture in Europe laid the 
foundations for the birth of the 

“The headline read : This man 
should be killed'. They were 
referring to me," says Mansholt, 
in a voice still tinged with 

His crime was to suggest that the 
Community's farming population 
should be reduced from over 10 
million to five million. Several 
years before, he bad also said that 
5 per cent of marginal (poor) 
farmland should be taken out of 
production because he could see, 
even then, that there was too 
much land around to produce the 
required amount of food . 

He caused an uproar. Franz 
Josef Strauss, the ebullient West 
German politician, said Mansholt 
was crazy. “Everyone knew I was 
right but it wasn't politically 
acceptable. Strauss was just in- 
terested in maintaining all the 
small forms in Germany and they 
are still there today,* 1 says Dr 
Mansholt with a wry smile. 

This former Dutch- Agricultural 
Minister, who went on to become 
EEC Agricultural Commissioner 
in 1958 and Resident of the 
European Commission from 1970 
to I97Z has not changed his view. 
His message is quite simple. The 
Community formers are produc- 
ing for too much, for a market that 
does not exist. 

He says: “It’s a crazy situation. 
We should have done something 
about it in the 1970s but all we did 
was patchwork. Now my fear is 
that my dream of 25 years ago will 
be ruined if we go on as we are" 
Mansholt's dream of a decent. 

U ving for formers in Europe and to 
stabilize prices by offering the 
formers a guaranteed price for 
certain products were adopted in 
1960 as the fundamental prin- 
ciples of the CAP. 

Today his blueprint for solving, 
the present crisis by reducing the 
amount of forming land is firmly 
on the agenda. Mansholt says 
there is no longer any choice. But 
now the surplus scandal has 
become so acute that he believes 
there has to be a global reduction 
in cultivated forming land in 
Europe of 20 per cent over the 
next 10 years, with the formers 
being compensated for the cut in 
profits out of the EEC budget 

Times reporting team: 
John Young, Richard 
Owen, Diana Geddes, 
Michael Evans, 
Christopher Walker 

Giving Russia a 
double helping 

Age nee France Pres» 

Top prophet: Dr Mansholt, concerned for die future of his brainchild 

6 The European Community has 
its back against the wall ’ 

“Scientists have calculated that 
we can feed the population of 
Europe in SO years* time with one 
third of the agricultural . area 
because of improving farming 
techniques," he says. “So we have 
to reduce the amount of land in 
order to cut bade on production. 

“If we followed this policy, it 
would knock one third off the cost 
and theoretically we could have no 
surpluses. There could even be the 
risk that we would have to 
import . . 1 and why not ? Look at 
the sugar situation. It’s a scandaL 
We’re producing 12 million tons 
of sugar a year but exporting 3.4 
milli on tons. So we’re over- 
producing by 30 per cent and 
ruining the world sugar market. 

“We should cut production and 

go back to being an importing area 
for sugar. It would be much 
cheaper. It’ll be difficult but we 
cannot carry on with the present 
patchwork policies. The Commu- 
nity has its back againstthe wall” 
To meet Dr Mansholt is not to 
discover a prophet of doom, 
despite his ominous words. He 
still clings to his original dream. 
He lives in retirement with his 
wife Henny in a large converted 
17th-century farmhouse in the 
tiny community of Wapserveen in 
the north of Holland. His whole 
life has been forming and even 
now he is writing a paper on the 
future of the CAP which will be 
aimed at those politicians whom 
he blames for lade of courage and 

• Jean-Baptiste Doum eng, 
known as the Red 
Billionaire, has rnaffe his 
fortune from exporting 
surplus EEC goods but his 
activities are stiB cloaked 
in secrecy. Meanwhile the 
Kremlin need never worry 
about a bread shortage 

A t the front of die 
bakery queue in Kiev, 
a Russian housewife 
tests the freshness of 
her huge Mack loaf. 
She has no idea 
where the wheat has come front; 
but she knows that the price — the 
equivalent of I6p — has hardly 
changed for 16 years. She goes 
home happy. 

In Paris the whisper is abroad: a 
quantity of grain Is avail- 
able. Among the first to hear is M 
Jean -Baptiste Doameng. He 
tenders; his offer is accepted. No 
details are published except the 
Hpcri—tiw of the Zb the 

caseef Doameng the destination is 


Toe grain is the resalt of over- 
prod action. It has been bought in 
by intervention and sold indirectly 
through - Hie European 
Commission’s Directorate General 
for Agriculture. Doumeng is given 
a subsidy for taking the mod oat of 
EEC hands. 

Again, the amount of the sub- 
sidy is not published but it b 
usually g e nerous. In recent grain 
sales to Moscow the price has bees 
$60 a tame, well below the market 
price — and the trader pockets 
much of the difference. It is easy to 
see why Doameng, the sou of a 
sharecropper from near Teatoare, 
has become known as the Red 

Trade experts admit that a 
substantial part of Domneng’t 
profits goes into the coffers of the 
pro-Sonet French Communist 
Party, thns subsidizing the Soviet 
propaganda effort in the West 
The Russia ns gain twice. 

Th e Coa uafas hm nalatahs ift 
its confidential subsidy arrange- 
ments me intended to prevent 
price undercutting by competitors ■ 
— a commercial rather than politi- 
cal motive. But sources dose to the 
G— mission say there is a list of 
politically unpopular destinations 
such as Russia or Libya to which 
the Co— baton remains i W* * - 

mined to export at cheap rates to 
reduce the food mountains. Syria 
is also on the secret list, and 
remains eligible for export sub- 
sidies despite recent EEC action 
against Damascus over its involve- 
ment in te r ror ism . 

Doameng, aged 66, rose from 
life as a shepherd to became the 
powerful iMiwg w g director 
majority share-holder of Inter- 
Agra, die most important export 
company of agricultural produce in 
Europe and the world’s number 
one exporter of agricultural pro- 
duce to Russia. 

According to his own estimates, 
the company, which includes some 
30 subsidiaries with more than 600 
employees, is set to make a profit 
of $ 10 to $15 million this year on a 
turnover of $3 bfltion. Doameng 
wifi, not reveal how much he 
receives in total from the EEC 
every year. He told The Timex, 
however, of a contract concluded 
with the Soviet Union for the sale 
of three million tonnes iff wheat at 
around $80 a tonne, at a time whea 
the EEC price was around $130 a 

fnwnp- T hat numng that OU that 

deal alone be received 5150 million 
from the EEC in the form of export 
restitutions, plus any commission 
he may have negotiated. 

All this is perfectly legitimate. 
Any exporter of EEC agncuttmal 

‘Bread is so plentiful 
that Russian 
peasants feed it 
to their animals ’ 

produce can benefit from sub- 
sidies. Doameng has simply been 
cleverer thaa most in winning the 
necessary contracts. The secret? 
“Hard work, having the con- 
fidence of the men in the market, 
and applying the methods of 
peasantry and Marxism to inter- 
national commerce,** be says. 

He has formidable contacts in 
the communist world, with which 
he has been trading for more thaa 
30 years. He to be the last 
firing Frenchman to have diim d 
with Stalin. But he does not deal 
only with the Soviet Bloc. 
Inter Agra sells a range of some 30 
agrienhtaal products and raw 
materials to more than 50 different 
cou nt ries. He is the second ex- 

Eastern promise: Jean-Baptiste Doumeng, Marxist wheeler-dealer 

porter of French vine to the US, 
for example. Being a communist 
“helps me with some," he admits, 
“hot irritates others**. 

Thanks to Doumeng and others 
like h™, the Kremlin continues to 
supply its population with almost 
unlimited quantities of bread. The 
EEC . exported 62 mflKon tonnes 
iff grain to tiie Soviet Union last 
year, and in the enrrent year is 
expected to sell Moscow another 
55 mill ion tames. 

Although food shortages are 
stfil commonplace in Russia, 
largely doe to erratic distribution, 
bread in general is so cheap and 
plentiful that many Russian peas- 
ants still feed it to their livestock in 
place of the more expensive feed 
grain. They also throw away large 
quantities of uneaten Mead, a 
habit once considered bad luck. 

At a popular bakery dose to 
Kiev railway station, none of the 

shoppers knew that the grain in 
their ioaves had come from the 
EEC, or perhaps the US or 
Argentina. Neither did they know 
that Moscow is also a regular 
purchaser of “aged" EEC batter — 
at least 18 months old — also at 
bargain basement prices. Some 
£137 million worth of subsidized 
tatter went to Moscow in 1985, at 
prices of 3Sp a pound, as opposed 
to more than £1 a pound paid in the 

Surprisingly, considering the 
benefits be derives from the CAP, 
the Red Billionaire support its 
reform. He is about to propose to 
the Common Market that it mop 
ap some of the main surpluses ly 
creating a new. ready-to-eat food 
product oat of chicken, wheat, 
eggs, sugar and batter, which 
could then be exported. He would, 
of course, be prepared to market 
such a product. 

' Mansholt's refusal to give up his 
personal campaign brings recollec- 
tions of his days with the Resis- 
tance during the Second World 
War, when he organized food 
supplies for all the agents in tbe 
west of tbe country. 

T was nearly caught several 
times," he recalls, “but the great 
secret was to have nothing down 
on paper." 

Today in bis low-ceflinged 
study, everything is down on 
paper. He has all the figures to 
prove his argument that some of 
the options for change now being 
considered by the Community are 
flawed. The options were laid out 
in a Green Paper last year by tbe 
European Commission. 

For example, quota systems. 
They already exist for sugar and 
milk but in each case, in 
Mansholt's eyes, production 
should be reduced dramatically — 
sugar by at least 20 per cent and 
milk by about 15 per cent. “But 
you can't have a quota system for 
cereal You couldn’t control it." 

Tbe second option is co- 

responsibility. the principle under 
which formers must share the 
financial burden for dealing with 
suipins production. ' 

“This is nonsense," he says. 
“Fanners will have no incentive 
to cooperate.” 

The third option is price reduc- 

‘A 10 per cent price 
reduction would cut 
UK farmers’ incomes 
by 70 per cent’ 

non. Mansholt is convinced that, 
for from helping to cut down on 
production, it will have the opp- 
osite effect “If there are price 
reductions for basic products like 
milk, cereal and beef of say 10 per 
cent over five years, many more 
small formers will go out of 
business and the bigger forms will 
produce more and more." 

He points out that although 
there are more than five million 

formers in Europe, three million 
are very small, what he calls social 
problem forms with no income; 
about two million are small but 
productive; and 1 10,000 are big, 
24.000 of them in Britain. 

“The big forms represent only 2 
per cent of the total, yet their 
output is 20 per cent," he explains. 
“It’s easy to say reduce prices but 
in foci a reduction of 10 per cent 
would mean a cut in income for 
formers in the United Kingdom of 
70 per cent. So a reduction in 
prices would immediately meet 
with great political resistance. ” 

The fourth option in the Green 
Paper, reduction of forming area, 
is, in Mansholt's view, the onl** 
true option. “The point about 
fallowing on a global basis is that 
production would be reduced all 
round and the system could be 
properly controlled,” he claims. 
“The three million social problem 
farms would have to be excluded 
but if you followed one fifth of the 
two million odd real farms, in 10 
years' lime you could have a 
balanced market." 

After a lifetime spent trying to 
win round his fellow marketeers to 
his way of thinking. Mansholt is 
conscious of the problems that lie 

“The technicians and scientists 
can see what is needed but tbe 
politicians have other interests,” 
he says. “They look over their 
shoulders at the farmers and the 
electorate. So we can’t do every- . 
thing that would be wise. We can 
only do what we can to get 
political agreement. 

“When we were setting up the 
Common Market agricultural pol- 
icy no one believed there would be 
such surpluses- Today we have to 
get rid of the surpluses, so we have 
to have following. 1 don’t see any 
other policy.” 


Britain’s burden: 

ritSiag the 
subsidies seesaw 

It isn’t only traffic wardens it turns away. 

Its easy to forget that disabled people 
have needs and ambitions the same as you. 

Unfortunately though, other peoples 
embarrassment and fear of their disability 
often prevents them from leading the kind of 
life that you take for granted. 

The Spastics Society is committed to ' 
changing people’s attitude to disability and 
helping disabled people become integrated 
into society rather than isolated from it. 

You can play your part by filling in the 
coupon below, or simply by remembering what 
youVe read here next time you come across 
someone who is disabled. 

The Spastics Society, Vi Park Crescent London WJ N 4EQ. 

□ Please send me further infarmaaoi i about The Spastics Society. 

□ fd like an appointment to discuss a child/adult with cerebral palsy. 



□ I enclose a donation of £. 


Our biggest handicap is other peoples attitude. 









any o 
wo uk 
put t( 
has I 
But J- 
go c 

looks at 

the littlest books 


Pretty powerful: Debbie Lewis (left) in the 60kg category make s a sucoesfhl lift while in the 56kg category, Lynne Holmes contemplates the w eights 

Once upon a time, in a land 
uncluttered by “isms”, a witch 
— as every fully-fledged 
youngster knew — was an 
exceedingly unpleasant fe- 
male, with a tall black hat and 
broomstick, given to trans- 
forming her MBmias into 

It was, quite simply, a 
matter of record, as plain as 
the rather pointed nose on her 
face, as much an established 
feet of childhood as the know- 
ledge that foiiies wave wands 
and dragons breathe fire. 

These days, however, it 
seems that witches are more 
dangerous than even the most 
susceptible of youngsters has 
been led to believe. 

Roald Dahl's latest 
children's book. The Witches , 
which has won awards all over 
the world and sold more than 
400,000 copies in the English 
paperback edition, has been 
damned and even banned in 

Britain by a handful of ex- 
tremists, for being sexist (due 
to the witches bong female 

children’s books 

must learn to 

watch their language 

I t 

j 5 

i * z M 


• < n 

f !• j33 f 

The first and major m iscon c eption 
about women w ei g fa tfifteis is that to 
lift the equivalent of Bernard Man- 
ning you must necessarily look fike 
Mm- In truth, the backstage of the 
national championships at Crystal 
Palace on Saturday looked like a 
rehearsal for Fame: leotards, satin 
shorts, dangling earrings and shoul- 
ders that would grace a ball gown. 

Lynne Holmes even ted cerise leg 
warmers to match flte leotard she was 
wearing. Perhaps that isn't so smpris- 
ing: Lynne, from Sout h a m pton, was a 
ballet dancer before she took 19 

Women are even mare astonished and 
delighted to know that since she took 
up the sport her bottom has slunk 
Male weighififtera . were a tittle 
guarded when women began moving 
in on their spot, bat the champion- 
ships have finally established their 
participatioB as a sates business. 
From fie 48 entries, a team of 12 are 
fo r min g a national squad to train for 
the world championships, in Miami 

.to foe sport the same grace and speed 
that you find in women gy w »«»* t * _ 
Before they went out, they paced up 
am! down, jaws clenched, fists ti g ht , 
working op the agpessioa that you 
need to lift what looks fike a tractor’s 
rear axle with the wheels left on. 
Seme of them eves gave a roar of fury 
when they did it. But aft e rw ar ds they 
skipped hack like schoolgirls. 

■ They aO have wonderful stories of 

>r 3 

se is a bubhiy young woman who 
is greatly amused by the mease her 
hobby creates among men. Her 
husband, a steel erector, is proud of 
her, but be still won’t go to see her 

She ate nofofaq. Sat three 4*3* 
before the championships to make foe 
weight — in her case, 56 lotos — and 
she lifted about foe equivalent of 
Ronnie Corbett to come third in her 
dass. She trams for 10 hours* week^ 

“It’s a great sport,” she says. “And I 
also think if* really fanny the wuy ft 
amazes men.” 

So it does. She works as a 
t y pew rit er saleswoman, and ho- boss 
was astonished and delighted to 
discover that she could heave, foa 
' t marhinpg around without assistance. 

fit may be a male-dominated sport, but you 
don’t have to be masculine to do it well* 

. next year. They are hoping that in 
tone ft will become an Olympic event 
: John Tear, who is national director 
of trafhag few toe spent, said it was. 
Jraatoaf these wiemipeepie. jwbo^dfd- 
not Eke irteMa a wefghtofifog, and 
regarded it « teteUie. Bit he 
flay had proved they 

'• To foe tkaivtet eye, they look 
tike dancers: bigger in the foigh than 
most women, but trimmer everywhere 
rise. To qaalify, tech woman had to 
be aWe to lift her own body-weight, 
and tfccyare divided into classes by 
wefaht,Eke boxers. In general, they 
can lift about half the weight of their 
male counterparts. Bat they do brag 

how they have amazed mea with their 
feats of strength. The detightfal Sally 
Jones recalled the moment of pare joy 
when a' workman told her to ask her 
husband to moa her crashing ma- 
: chine when he got hade from work. 
Not quite with oat hand, hut almost, 
she packed it ap and tossed it lightly 
across toe kitchen. 

- She . is 32, a PE teacher from 
Guildford, and on S atur d a y she broke 
three records add was selected for the 
national squad. She’s 5ft 21a, weighs 
9st and says weightlifting has com- 
pletely changed her shape, *W» 
slimmed my thighs, flattened my 
stomach, roasded my s h oulde ra ,” she 
says. “In many ways the sport is more 

Icm M ae naflq . Women are 
more supple and have a lower centre 
of gravfty, which are two of foe things 
that you need for weightlifting.” 

Like many of toe womfcn, Janet 
Lowe started weight-training to keep 
in trim and gradually drifted into 
serious weigh tfiftrug. Aged 20, and 1 
in su r a nc e clerk from Bethnal Green, 
she has the sort of bine-eyed, ash- 
blonde looks that guarantee attention 
at discos, like many of the compet- 
itors, she wore make-up, and her large 
hooped earrings swung as she beat to 
grip the bar. 

At the tough end of the sport, the 
bigger women are, of coarse, hefty and 
muscular. But so they were before 
they took up weqfotfifting. Judy 
Oakes, the 28- year-old En gflali shot 
put champion, who weighs around 
12 ft, says she dropped two dress rims 
by weigh tfiftiag. At the champion- 
ships she broke her own record by 
lifting 113 kDoe (about 17%stfc which 
ftiriiH her to be «**w**i the strangest 
women in Britain. 

She is keen to make toe print that 
women can look good on the platform, 
and teleed she does. *Tt any be a 
male-dominated sport” she says, 
“hot you don’t have to be masculine to 

dok weU ' Colin Duncan 

Q Tfcnsi Nmapapm LM IMS 

- - Sports report, page 31 

and nasty), anti-Semitic (due 
to their long noses) and 

noses) and an 
insidious influence on chil- 
dren who might be persuaded 
to join witches’ covens them- 
selves. Toadists — or, in the 
case of this particular book, 
mousists— have yet to protest, 
but if they do so, no one in the 
publishing industry will be 
much surprised. 

country's largest publisher of 
children's books, feels that 
there is a tendency for adults 
to read too much into certain 
books. “Children who read 
The Witches read it in the 
spirit in which it has been 
written, which is as a piece of 
rollicking good fun,” she says. 

She does, however, share 
the concent of foe protestors 
over some of foe older books 
— and admits to already 
having done “a little tinkering 
with Kipling", in preparation 
for when the books come out 
of copyright next year. “Just a 
few ‘niggers' have been taken 
out,” she says. 

One of foe dangers of any 
form of literary censorship is 
foe risk that in foe long term it 
will affect die quality of the 
material, just as latching on to 
token banner-carrying can re- 
sult in sub-standard stories. 

writer of children's books, 
Roald Dahl, admits: “My 
maxim is to make the children 
laugh and to hell with the 

Dahl, whose 16 children's 
books have sold many mil- 
lions of copies around the 
world, is unimpressed by the 
increasing number of animal 
characters. “I don’t like foe 
idea of cuddly little things. 
You’ve got to have bite.” 

The main advantage of 
animal heroes, tike foe enor- 
mously successful SuperTed 
(illustrated above), is the feet 
that they cut through foe age 
barriers and provide greater 
scope for breaking the rules. 

Y et even animals come 
in for their share of 
cultural criticism. 
Rupert Bear has been 
banned for hong racist and 
Beauty and the Beast has been 
blacklisted by foe Inner 
London Education Authority, 
which regards the beast as an 
offensive negroid brown. But 
while such subtle — if unwit- 

ting — discrimination may 

For many, the most disturbing 
>f li 

B anning books seems 
to have become the 
newest national 
sport, with children’s 
books being censored for rea- 
sons frequently even more 
fend fi ll than foe feiry stories 

Biggies. Dr Dolittle. Huckle- 
trryFinn and even Baa Baa 
Black Sheep have all been 
accused of racism; the Rev 
Wilbert Awdry’s Thomas the 
Tank Engine books have been 


found guilty of sexism; Bifry 



1 Chess board space (6) 

5 Seethe (4) 

S Piano key (5) 

9 Round of applause 


II Largest British air- 
craft (8) 

13 Cty of grief (4) 

15 1992 Olympic venue 

IS Harvest (4) 

J9 Sinister influencer 
( 8 ) 

22 Scales (7) 

23 Chewy out plant (5), L_ 

24 Bobcat (4) 

25 Surgical stitch (6) 


2 Share (S) 

3 Whichever (3) 

4 Enlarged parts 
drawing (8,5) 

5 Wild pig (4) 

6 US Midwest, state (7) 

7 Notable sword (5) 

19 War cost (4) 

12 Distinctive air (4) 

14 Benefit (4) 

15 Juicy cooking apple 

16 Dreary (4) 1 
J7 Daft (5) 

29 FoDowing(5) 

21 BJack/whiiegem(4) 
23 Put (3) 

Do bring the husband 


Then you’ll appreciate Dry Fly, 
the best sherry in fifty years. 

•Every working woman I know 
claims that she needs a wife. 
This need becomes particu- 
larly pressing on the days 
when the gas man swears that 
he can only come and fix the 
boiler from Monday to Friday 
between 9am and 4pm. 

What every woman is 
deemed not to need is a 
husband. I have deduced that 
this is the case since the 
invitations that shower down 
on my head cm account of my 
job tire addressed to me and 
me alone, whereas male col- 
leagues are asked to bring; the 

I have no personal com- 
plaint in that quarter since I 
don't have a husband to my 
name and, even if I did, I 
would be bound to choose one 
who made a fuss about having 
to put on clean, socks and find 
a parking . piaoe. But the 
organizations white invite me 
to partake of drinks and 
dinners, and presentations dp 
not know that I five a 
spinsterty existence, since they 
have never bothered to en- 
quire. For aS they know, I 
might be married to someone 
who collapses in grief if I am 
out of his sight for five 
minutes at a time and would 
take it very badly .if he were 
left to eat beans on toast at 
home while I was summoned 
to tackle five courses plus 
coffee and liqueurs " at 

I do not feel that I would be 
altogether easy about the 
situation either. 1 know that 

and Richard Branson are the 
jolliest of men, and have 
obviously never considered 
that if shares in their com- 

Bunter has been booted 
Kbrary shelves for being unfair 
to foe obese. 

For the children’s book 
publishers, concerned with 
producing good stories that 
sell, it all presents something 
of a dilemma. With about 80 
percent of their output ending 
up on the shelves of school 
and public libraries, the rejec- 
tion of a book can make a 
significant difference to its 
profitability — and attempting 
to produce works that appeal 
to both the children and their 
adult watchdogs would appear 
to be growing increasingly 

Liz Attenborough, editorial 
director of Puffin, the 

aspect of the highly controver- 
sial homosexual children's 
book, Jenny Lives With Eric 
and Martin, is the fed that it is 
rather dulL “There are very 
few books dealing with that 
particular topic and therefore 
any book that does so is 
welcome,” says Nigel Akers, 
chairman of foe School li- 
braries Group. “Ideally, there 
should be a much wider 

It is a criticism shared by 
many of the publishers. 

“One longs to get more 
manuscripts from minority 
communities about what it’s 
like to be discriminated 
a gains t, but I don't think that 
is going to come from banning 
books written by others,” says 
Margaret Clark, director m 
charge of children's books at 
Bodiey Head. One of the few 
books on her list written by a 
West Indian. Sean s Red Bike, 
was banned by a London 
library for its “colonial 
attitude” due to the feet that 
the black hero went to tea with 
the family of his white friend. 

The feet is that while writ- 
for children is acknowl- 
by the experts as being 
harder than writing for adults, 
a successful children's book is 
considerably more lucrative 
than an* adult best-seller, with 
foe potential of remaining in 
{Hint indefinitely. 

Britain's most successful 

adults, no one has ever 
proved what effects it has on 
foe children themselves. 

According to Nicholas 
Tucker, lecturer in develop- 
mental psychology at Sussex 
University, who has made a 
study of the censorship of 
children's books, there is no 
doubt that children con be 
influenced by books; but we 
don't know white books, and 
we don't know which chil- 
dren, and we don't know in 
what way they are going to be 


“Some books are simply 
there to challenge preconcep- 
tions and children have as 
mute right to have their 
preconceptions challenged as 
the rest of os.” 

The apparent book-banning 
epidemic is causing sufficient 
concern to the Library Associ- 
ation for it to draw up a 10- 
page leaflet which it plans to 
send out to local councils early 
next year, providing informa- 
tion about foe powers and 
duties of public libraries. 

“This type of censorship 
still only manifests itself in a 
small minority of cases but it's 
enough to be worrying,” says 
the association's chief exec- 
utive, George Cunningham. 
“Of course there has to be 
selection, but there is a dif- 
ference between making an 
intellectual judgement on a 
book and being influenced by 
one's persona) views." 

Sally Brompton 


Ltd 1386 

pames go through foe rdof 
’ - child] 



ever since time began, 
businessmen have been 
indulging in champagne and 
canapes on Concorde while 
their wives lunched off the 
leftovers from foe Sunday 
roast, and that the said , 
businessmen - never worried 
their prickly-barbered heads 
about such culinary inequal- 

But women were, bora 
guilty, with a guilt that con- 
sumes their entire being the 
minute they begin haying a 
good time al work. Deep down 
inside we feel that the time 
will come when we will have 
to pay for the satisfaction of a 
job wefl done, the office 
camaraderie, the’ professional 
triumphs. This, in spite of foe 
feet that we can see with our 
own eyes that male high-fliers 
like Lew Grade; Charles Forte 

their children will accuse them 
of gross acgtecL 

Tbc female giriit-fector is 
something that has to be 
reckoned with if women are to 
fed comfortable in their ca- 
reers — and that’s what we all 
want, isn’t it? The first step 
might be to take their marital 
lives into account To start 
with, it wouldn't hurt to ask 
their husbands along to of- 
ficial business functions. 

This will call for a different 
code of behaviour on foe part 
of foe chairman, and chief 
executives. Until now, they 
have been able to switch on to 
auto-pilot on these occasions 
because the spouses of their 
employees have all been fe- 
male. A “Hello, you goigeous 
creature. My goodness, you’re 
looking lovelier than ever, I 
keep telling old Fred he’s a 
lucky man to have somebody 
like you devoting her life to 
looking after him”, and they 
feel they have done their bit. 

They may have to vary foe 
routine a hit when the 

accompanying partners are 
men. But it mil be worth their 

while. And it will improve foe 
quality of my life, too, for I 
have lost count of female 
colleagues who have said to 
me: “You’re so lucky, you 
only have yourself to think 
about.” It brings me out in a 
horrible rash of guilt. 

From V. Dalton, Chelmsford, 


Angela Hath laments that 
Englishwomen ■ “don't care 
tuppence about 'the way they 
look” (The Lady's Not For 
Pressing, Monday Page, 
November 17). How then does 
she explain the burgeoning 
success of those high street 
stores white have exploited 
the needs of those women 
whose sense of style at least 
matches the most discerning 
Paristeme? How. does she 
explain foe tremendous in- 
fluence that British designers, 
in particular female designers, 
have had in fashion since foe 
start of foe decade? Ms Hath 
suggests that Englishwomen, 
are “staggeringly anohser- 

vnntfV I suggest that her 
criticfem begins at home. 

From Alison Guest, 
Lerags. By Oban. Argyll 

Barbara AmieTs article “New 
taboos for old valnes'* 
(Wednesday Page, November 
12 ) discussed smti-betero- 
sexsafism and breast-feeding 

in public - a mystifying and 
nltet of j 

unfortunate coupling of sub- 
jects. The article raised foe 
question: why does Ms Amid, 
who professes to be a believer 
in “genuine human rights”, 
object strongly to a six-month 
old baby joining in the In- 
cheon parry? Surely foe out- 

hreak of new puritani sm is not 
so retrograde and shortsighted 
as to encompass breast- 

No, stranded tube trains and 
snowed-in bases are not foe 
only places where a baby Meeds 
to be fed fa public. Lack of 
facilities in planes, boats, 
trains and buses, and, of 
course shops ami restaurants, 
pits the mpredicfabflity of a 
baby’s hanger, necessitate 
many each, albeit more dis- 
creet, feeds. 

Mothers too have rights and 
aeeds, including foe one to 
fimcooa socially throughout 
foe months (or years) of 
lactation. Or perhaps Ms 
Amiel would like to advocate 
foe introduction of pmdah? 

^ vw w wvwg 

When we 

say you can go 
far, we don’t 
just mean on 
the beat. 

Everyone who joins the Met follows the same path at first. 

You start as a constable on probation for two years, 
receiving intensive training in policing skills. Both in the class- 
room and on the streets of London. This provides you with a 
solid foundation for the rest of your career, whether you warn 
to specialise, seek promotion, or both. 

To get to the top, well expect you to gain as much experi- 
ence as possible of the many different aspects or police work. 

You can go just as far as your ability and individual skills 
will take you- When you’ve completed your probationary training, 
you can set your sights on the competitive sergeants exam. 

After only four years as a Sergeant provided you pass 
another competitive exam, you will be promoted to Inspector. 

After that , further promotion to Chief Inspector and above 
is purely on merit and your track record as a police officer. 

Obviously, its a challenging career that won't suit everyone. 
The rewards, both personal and financial, are high at every leveL 
But so are the standards of our two day selection process. 

To stand a chance, you must be at least IN' j. and 172 ems 
tall for a man. or KiU cm? for a woman. Ideally. \ou should have 
around five ‘O' levels, but qualifications aren't everything. 
Were also looking fur all the persona! qualities that make a good 
police officer. II you get in. how far vou go is entirely up to you. 



h a 
1 in 



























of privacy 

Winston Churchill is still be- 
wildered ai coming fourth in last 
week's annual ballot for private 
member’s bills he did not know 
he had entered. It seems that his 
name had been put forward 
without his knowledge, even 
though he had said be would not 
enter this year after his failure to 
get his Obscene Publications 
(Protection of Children) bill on to 
the statute books. He has his 
suspicions as to the guilty party 
but is not letting on. What cause 
he will support remains to be seen, 
but late lobbying by pressure 

groups will be of little avail, for he 
flies to Oman today. 

Seconds out 

Picture the embarrassment at an 
Orange culture evening organized 
by the paramilitary Ulster De- 
fence .Association in Londonderry 
when the prize of a dock, made by 
a Protestant prisoner in the Maae 
prison, was won by BBC religious 
affairs producer "Terry Sharkie, 
who was covering the gathering. 
Worse still, the winning raffle 
ticket was pulled out of the hat bv 
Tvrie’s reporter. Malachi 
0 ; Docberty. The final insult — 
both are Catholics. Unsurpris- 

ingly. the room rang to cries of 
"nennian fix". The clock, which 

for six years hung in pride of place 
in the UDA headquarters, now 
ticks away in the BBC offices in 

Size no bar 

It comes as no surprise to find the 
legal profession falling to practise 
what it preaches. In a recent letter 
to The Times . Robert Egerton of 
Egerton Sandler and Co deplored 
the practice of briefing counsel to 
appear in small claims cases in 
which the cost of legal fees 
outweighs the value of the claim. 
One such litigant Peter Inman, 
would agree whole heartedly but 
for one small point: the firm of 
solidtors acting against him has 
just briefed a barrister over a claim 
for £250. The firm? None other 
than Egerton Sandler and Co. 

O The girth of Richmond and 
Barnes Tory MP Jeremy Hanley 
has not gone unnoticed in the 
programme for this year's Com- 
mons v Lords swimming match; it 
describes him as “the only human 
to receive a dividend from Save the 


All right, Jack 

One City company’s plans to 
make a killing out of the Big Bang 
have come to the notice of 
Scotland Yard’s anti-terrorist 
branch. County Unit Trust Man- 
agers, a subsidiary of NatWest, 
sent 60.000 potential clients a 
“lener bomb” — a cardboard 
device which springs open on 
being removed from the envelope. 
One irate redpient exploded and 
sent it to the boys at the Yard, who 
tell me they are looking into the 
matter. A' spokesman for the 
company said the only reported 
damage had been the odd break- 
fast cuppa sent into OTbiL 


Tib not lying. Dad, honest - just 
being economical with tine truth’ 

Aisle be damned 

When the British reggae band 
UB40 played to 12,000 people in 
Moscow a few weeks ago it invited 
the audience to dance in the aisles. 
The British press reported that the 
interpreter, true to the official 
frowning on such self-expression, 
translated this exhortation as 
“Please stay in your seals". Even 
odder, the current issue of Soviet 
Weekly , the Kremlin paper for 
foreign consumption only, tells 
the same story, albeit a bit late. 
Could this be another sign of 
Gorbachov's media “liber- 

Battle pill 

As part of their combat gear, 
British soldiers are now carrying 
packs of pills to help them survive 
a gas attack, according to the 
authoritative American publica- 
tion Armed Forces Journal. And it , 
says that scientists at Porton 
Down are constantly working on 
improvements. Although the use 
of gas is prohibited by inter- 
national convention, the journal 
says Britain is not taking chances 
because of “the many thousands 
of gassed soldiers who died in 
agony on World War I battle- 
fields, or soon after the war." 

Hot numbers 

Antique dealers were puzzled to 
find an item in the latest Antiques 
Trade Gazelle inviting readers "to 
advertise stolen goods". Could 
this be a new service to make it 
easier for thieves to offload their 
ill-gotten gains? The answer is no. 
The ad is aimed at theft victims 
who hope to track down their 
prized possessions. PUS 




Boesky echoes over Iran 

by George Will SRK 


If, as is said, there is nothing like a 
calamity to take your mind off 
your troubles, the Reagan admin- 
istration can console itself with 
this thought about the mis- 
handling of the aftermath of its 
Iran misadventures: no one is 
talking about the budget deficit 

The misadventure now has the 
familiar attribute of Washington’s 
consuming obsessions. The result 
of attempts to put it to rest is a 
growth in the number of questions 
about it 

A presidential speech and news 
conference have been devoted to 
it and all they have accomplished 
is to put the President on the edge 
of a precipice. He seems defensive, 
evasive, ill at ease - in foort the 
one thing he of all leaden dare not 
seem: out of character. We may be 
about to sec realized the potential 
volatility of public opinion that 
has been fixed on an intensely 
personal affection fora president's 

Today the nation’s mind is 
ambivalent unformed — soft wax 
ready to receive fresh imprints. 
One political commentator has 
noted that 20 per cent of those 

who voted in the midterm elec- 
tions earlier this month did so in 
eight states that elected four 
Democratic and four Republican 
governors while in each case 
choosing a senator of the other 
party. Another clue to the 
country’s mood is that nine of the 
new senators have served in the 
House, one has served there and in 
a cabinet office and three otters 
have been governors. The elec- 
torate is tired of amateurism and 
craves competence. 

The Ir anian episode radiates 
incompetence — in its substance, 
execution and apologia. This, after 
the Daniloff affair and the summit 
fiasco, has encouraged this judg- 
ment: the aides now in dose 
contact with Reagan are the least 
distinguished such group to serve 
any president since die war. 

The nation’s disposition regard- 
ing Reagan may be quite change- 
able, not because the nation is 
unusually volatile but because of 
the nature of Regan's relationship 
with the nation. After the loss of 

the Senate, his aides and support- 
ers deflected the suggestion that he 
is a lame duck, arguing that no one 
enjoying such a high job-approval 
rating, and a personal popularity 
unrivalled since Eisenhower, can 
be lame. 

But the botching of Iran policy 
will take a toll unless he and ms 
administration quictiy put an end 
to the truculence, sophistry and 
score-settling among rivals frying 
to keep their skirts dean, and 
grudging over-la wyered explana- 

The presidency, constitu- 
tionally, is an inherently weak 
office. There is little a president 
can do on his own except sway die 

country and so move Congress. 
Thus, the power of tte presidency, 
unlike, say .the power of the office 
of the British prime minis ter, 
varies substantially with tte qual- 
ities of the occupant And the 
power of a particular president can 
vary radically with swings in the 
public’s perceptions of him. 

What caused scalding c ri tic is m 
of Reagan from some usually 

sympathetic persons during the 
Daniloff affair was the words- 

mean-whatever-we-choosc abuse 

of lan guage! The swap was no 
swap, tte summit not a summit 
Similar intellectual wmiption has 
seeped into administration state- 
ments about Iran, evasive stale- 

half concerning who US o fficia ls 
are dealing with in Iran and why. 

Public revulsion about this may 
be magnified by the coincidental 
eruption of the Boesky scandal on 
Wall Street The political dimate, 
it has been argued, can be con- 
ditioned by tte echo of one event 
in an unrelated event, and vice 
versa. Evidence of bad judgment 
and bad faith at the cenfre of 
government may soon mix in the 
public min d with a Niagara of 
evidence of corruption at the 
symbolic centre or tte private 
sector. The public is a pt to be 
made uneasy by a vague sense of 
envelo pin g malpractice in im- 
portant institutions. 

To insulate itself from this, the 
administration needs to try can- 
dour, which means acknowledging 
serious mistakes. But it may be too 
late for that. 

Congressional hearings begin this week on the 
Iranian fiasco. The focus will almost certainly 
be on procedure. Why were tte appropriate 
congressional committees not informed? Why 
were experts In the bnre&ocxacy bypassed? 
Senator Patrick Leahy has complained: “They 
were running the State Department, the CIA 
and the Defense Department out of the 
basement of the White House withoat any kind 
of congressional oversight. And they end up 
with a disaster." 

The one success 

Is that really what caused tte disaster? Tte 
National Security Cornell can, of coarse, be 
tamed. Bnt it is precisely because (he CIA was 
so tamed, and its secrecy comprom i sed by tte 
need to notify a leaky Congress of even tte most 
sensitive operations, that presidents have 
entrusted their most secret dealings to tte NSC 
Tte problem with tte Iran negotiations was 

not tte secrecy. Indeed, tte secrecy, tasting for 
18 months, was its major, its only, achievement 
Tte problem was tte pdky itself. Change tte 
st rne tn r e to prevent a McFariane fiasco In Iran 
and yon prevent a Kissinger breakthrough on 
China. In tte Iran negotiations, it was not tte 
s truc tur e that was at find! hot tte people 
responsible for tte botch. 

Charles Krauthammer 

W WwMn g fcn Wot Ww ftagp. IMS 

Our century has seen enough 
massacres, pogroms and exter- 
minations to turn the seven seas 
red with blood. But even among a 
list which includes Stalin’s slaugh- 
tered millions and the Holocaust 
itself, a peculiar and unique horror 
still clings to the genocidal mad- 
ness of the Khmer Rouge in 
Cambodia. It certainly has one 
distinction: they murdered a larger 
proportion of the population than 
any of their competitors. (An 
equivalent proportion in Britain 
would number eight million.) 

The story has been told many 

Bernard Levin 

times (most memorably, perhaps, 
in the film The Killing Fields), and 
it has recently been told again in a 
book called Cambodian Witness 
(published by Faber). It is the 
autobiography of a Cambodian 
who went through the nightmare, 
and woke to find it true; his name 
is Someth May, and his story is 
edited and introduced by James 
Fenton. Please read the following 
extract: not because it is the most 
dreadful thing in the book - there 
are episodes for worse — but 
because the point I want to make 
turns upon a particular aspect of 

Comrade Tek . . . had worked 
himself up into a rage. He 
approached the pile of struggling 
monkeys (be had broken their 
arms and lied their feet together]. 

The evil some 
men do is bom 
within them 



and killed them one by one 
. . . with a blow to tbe back of the 

. . . with a blow to tbe back of the 
skull . . . ‘And now,' he said. Til 
show you the way I used to kill the 
Lon Nol soldiers when we caught 
them, and the way to get the liver 
out.' He laid the last monkey flat 
on the ground ... He made a cut 
to the stomach. Then he pressed 
hard on the incision with both 
hands. The monkey screeched. 
The liver came out whole. Com- 
rade Tek then slit the animal's 
throat. He said. ‘If it had been a 
man, I would have put my foot in 
the cut to get the right pressure — 
otherwise the liver never comes 
out properly.’ 

Reviewing the book, in the 
Guardian. Salman Rushdie fin- 
ished like this: "... how can men 
become like Comrade Tek? I don’t 
know the answer . . . But the ter- 
rible lesson of our century is that it 
isn't difficult. I could be Comrade 
Tek. And so could you." 

It is Mr Rushdie's conclusion 
that I wish to examine, for I do not 
believe it is true. I do not believe 
that Salman Rushdie could be- 
come such a man as Tek, and 1 do 
not believe that I could, either. I 
do not believe that, in societies 
like ours, perhaps in any society, 
more than a very small number of 
people are like Tek, or could 
become like him. 

I can do, and have done, many 
bad acts; hurtful, harmful, in- 
excusable. So have we all, other 
than the saints. We could all do 
things worse than we have done 
already, and under intolerable 
pressure we could do worse still; I 
know that if 1 were tortured to 
reveal information that would 
lead to someone else’s death, I 
would not have the strength or 
fortitude to resist There are other 
kinds of pressure, too. less direct 

I [m 

r / 1 ‘ 

Paiia Youatn 

but more insidious. Choose your 
own — money? power? flesh? — 
and while you are choosing tell me 
whether if the Devil offered you all 
the kingdoms of the earth you, 
too, would say "Get thee hence, 
Satan”. It has just occurred to me 
that I have in my time broken a 
majority of the Ten Command- 
meats. and of the ones I have no t 
broken, I could not swear that I 
am incapable of adding them to 
the list, not even “Thou shall not 

We are all sinners. In certain 
circumstances almost all of us 
could rob, petjure, do violence on 
another. Some could do these 
things more easily than others; 
there are graduations of badness. 
But there is a gap in the spectrum; 
and almost all of us, including 
Salman Rushdie and me, remain 
on the safe side of the gap, and 
always will, while Comrade Tek 
and a handful more are beyond h. 

But this is not simply a feet, 
without antecedents or progeny, it 
enshrines two enormous and vital 
truths. The first is that some 
people are evil; are evil, not are 
made evil- The greatest and most 
dangerous lie of our time is that we 
are solely the result of our upbring- 

ing, our milieu, our physical 
surroundings, our schooling, our 
degree of affluence or poverty, our 
employment or employment pros- 
pects, our social or familial relat- 
ionships and our sex lives, 
along with the weather, the 
threat of war, other people's 
smoking, SeUafield and the Free- 

I said that that is the most 
dangerous tie; wherein is tbe 
danger? In the determinism to 
which it leads; the effects of that 
determinism can be seen all round 
us, and tbe most penurious of its 
effects arc the condonation of guilt 
and the dismissal of responsibil- 
ity. When there is next a riot in 
Toxteth, Bristol or Broadwater 
Farm, who will dare to say, amid 
the deafening chorus of exculpa- 
tions — unemployment, substan- 
dard housing, racism, police 
brutality, — that some people have 
a propensity to criminal behav- 
iour by reason of what they wish to 
be, not of what has been done to 

In any urban riot in this 
country, those doing the rioting 
are a small minority of those who 
live in the area of the riot; tte 
peaceable majority, however, live 

in the same conditions as tte 
violent few, and arc therefore 
subject to the same riot-indnring 
pressures. Why do they not join 
in? But to ask the question that 
way round is already to surrender, 
let us ask, instead, why do the 
rioters riot? The correct answer is: 
because they want to. But that 
answer is never given. For that 
matter, why do you think that 
almost all talk of the drug problem 
is couched in terms of the peddlers 
and pushers, who are seen as 
uniquely evil figures because they 
thrift their poisonous wares into 
the hands of their victims. 
“Victims"; what do you suppose 
would happen if we started to refer 
to them as accessories? 

If our era needs an epitaph, and 
it may need one sooner than it 
thinks, how about “It’s not our 
fault"? For assuredly the now 
dominant ideology may thus be 
summed up. It is no longer 
fashionable, of course, to rely on 
Freud for an excuse; Marx is much 
more comprehensively satisfying. 
Bui amid the satisfaction res- 
ponsibility dissolves. 

And I believe that Mr Rushdie’s 
argument — that we could all learn 
to do unspeakable evil — is only 
the other Janus-faoe of that state of 
affair s. No doubt we all have in us 
the impulses which, if given rein, 
will lead us into real wickedness: 
But most of us do not give those 
impulses rein, and we refuse to do 
so because we think that doing so 
is wrong. Some people, however, 
do not mind doing wrong, if it 
means they can get hold of 
somebody else’s wallet. We call 
these people wrong-doers; or 
rather, we used to call them 
wrong-doers, but we are more 
likely today to call them under- 

I ask again: are we or are we not 
responsible for our own lives? I ! 
think we are, and one very 
important part of that responsibil- 
ity is ensuring that for us it is not, ! 
as Mr Rushdie says, easy to 
become like Comrade Tek, but 

We do have a choice, every 
minute of everyday. I said that the 
inability of most people to behave 
like Tek bears witness to two great 
truths. I have dealt with one of 
them — the fact that some people 
are evil and don’t mind a bit; but 
the other is more important. It is 
this: the inabHily to do great evil 
comes as much from our own win 
as does the propensity to steal, 
assault and burn. If we do not 
become Comrade Tek it is because 
we decide not to, just as we stab a 
policeman because we feel like it. 

Yet we cannot leave the argu- 
ment there, for there is the most 
tremendous question of aD to be 
asked, though not answered. It is: 
Why do most people, gives tte 
choice of being good or bad, 
choose to be good? Whatever tbe 
answer to that question, it is an 
eternal repro ach to Comrade Tek, 
and a no less enduring assurance 
that nobody has to be like him. 

® n— Nawpfun MBS. 

Hindley’s freedom gamble overtrumped? 

The police search on Sadcfleworth 
Moor for two other possible 
victims of murderers lan Brady 
and Myra Hindley is the result of a 
contest between a man with 
nothing to lose and a woman with 
everything to gain. The stakes are 
brutally simple. On Hindley’s 
side, release ; on Brady’s side, to 
prevent it 

Only they know what really 
happened 20 odd years ago, of 
how many other children or old 
men were done to death, and 
where they are buried, it is a 
trump card which both have 
played in the last week; and Brady 
may have played it decisively. 

This is how the recent drama is 
seen by former armed robber John 
McVicar who escaped from Dur- 
ham jail’s high-security wing in 
1968 and, after recapture two years 
later, reformed and took a BSc. 
Since release in 1978 he has made a 
succesfo! living by writing. 

Brady was in Durham jail at the 
same time as McVicar. During a 
riot, when the prison offices were 
taken over, McVicar read his file, 
and has taken a strong interest in 
the case ever since. Unlike aca- 
demic penologists, he speaks from 
first-hand experience of the emo- 
tional attitudes of prisoners serv- 
ing long or indeterminate 
sentences - “lifers.” 

“There are two sorts," he says. 
“There are those who hope to 
work their ticket by convincing 
the authorities they have really 
changed. Only that way will they 

be released early on licence. The 
vast majority of lifers fall into this 

category, and Myra Hindley is one 
of them. 

“The other group — far fewer — 
is made up of the foo-hopers' who 
know they will not be released 
come what may. lan Brady falls 
into this category." 

Tbe fact that Hindley has hopes 
of ultimate release and Brady does 
not has led to a growing estrange- 
ment between the former lovers 
and partners in murder, McVicar 
suggests, amplified by Hindley’s 
watt-publicised decision some 
years ago to “reform". For her 
“reformation" involved not only 
conversion to Catholicism, the 
cultivation of people of influence 
such as Lord Longford, taking an 

Open University degree and 
presenting herself as remorseful 
and penitent. It involved off- 
loading on to Brady as much of the 
blame for her crimes as possible. 
And Hindley was all Brady had. 

“For several years after starting 
his sentence the mainstay of 
Brady’s existence was his relation- 
ship with Hindley," McVicar says. 
“He wrote all his letters to her- 1 

read a number of them — and he 
periodically went on hunger suite 
to fry to persuade the Home Office 
to let them marry. When she broke 
away from him he intiafly watched 
impassively but then he gradually 
turned to subverting her game. He 
disparaged ter religious conver- 
sion, he scorned her friendship 
with Lord Longford, he re- 
proached her for not taking her 

“He knew that he couldn’t get 
out and. by telling about the other 
bodies, he could stop her getting 
out too. 

“Had Hindley played her cards 
properly she should have come 
dean completely at the time of ter 
conversion. It would have given 
her a powerful hand and perhaps a 
chance of release, some tea years 
on. which would be about now. 
But, no doubt calculating it would 
harm her chances, she played safe 
and did not telL She calculated 
wrongly. Her mistake was in 
believing that Brady would never 
reveal anything to implicate him- 
self in other murders. 

“A year ago. after 21 years. 
Brady took up this trump caxd and 
told a reporter there were other 
victims on the moors. By not 
giving the reporter exact details, 
be ensured that it would all be long 
and drawn out. Brady wants 

Hindley playing; he doesn’t want 
to end the game. 

“Now that Brady may be telling 
alL Hindley has had to do some- 
thing herself; so foe is almost 
coming dean. She is identifying 
where the bodies arc buried. But 
she has indicated, naturally, that 
her knowledge comes only be- 
cause Brady showed a compulsive 
interest in vishing those spots, not 
because she had any pan. in the 

“Her statement that she was 
suddenly moved to co-operate by 
the letter from Keith Bennett’s 
mother is unbelievable; there have 
been many appeals to her before to 
tell what she knew and she ignored 
them alL 

“When they find the bodies, 
there will have to be a trial or, at 
the v«y least, an inquest Either 
way, it is difficult to see how 
responsibility for the murders will 
not be laid on both Brady and 
Hindley. Apart from the weight 
the authorities will give to this in 
any future consideration of her 
case. Hindley has now been 
exposed as a duplicitous player in 
‘working your ticket*. ” ‘ 

McVicar’s conclusion is one 

Lord Longford might care to 
ponder. “In effect," he says, “she 
joins Brady as a no-hoper." 

Michael McCarthy 

Michael Meadowcroft 

When justice 
is at fault 


Tte motion by a number of 
Conservative MPs urging tte rest- 
oration of the ’death penalty for 
acts of terrorism coincides with 
the publication of evide n c e ca s t ing 
doubt on the validity of the 
conviction of 17 men and women 
for IRA bomb attacks in Bir- 
mingham and Guildford in the 
mid-1970s. Had the death penalty 
still been available it is highly 
likely that the 10 found gnflty of 
murder would have been h a ngeri - 

Tfeey have now been in prison 
for more t te" a decade. In that 
riiwp , they say, others have con- 
fessed to tbe crimes. Any open- 
minted person who reads two 
recent books on the subject* must 
conclude that Douglas Hurd, tte 
Home Secretary, should order 
their cases to here-examined. 

I do not intend going into detail 
on tte validity of the confessions 
or circumstantial contradictions 
but to consider why h is so 
difficult to secure official action 
after the new evidence. One 
difficulty is the lack of agreement 
on the most suitable type of 
process. Z understand that some, if 
not all, of those convicted do not 
wish simply to be given royal 
pardons — even if that were to be 
thought an appropriate response ~ 
on the grounds that, after all this 
they want evidence to be 
heard in public and thereby public 
recognition of their innocence. 

But it is probably impo ssible to 
have a satisfactory retrial after so 
long. Perhaps some special 
commission of investigation be- 
fore reference back to tte Court of 

Appeal is tte best method. 

It would be intolerable if Hurd 
were to use tte lack of an 
established process of review as a 
reason for delay. The question of 
principle he faces must be whether 
or not the evidence warrants 
examination. Tte method to be 
used could then be determined on 
pragmatic grounds. 

Tte greatest difficulty, however, 
lies in the implications for law 
enforcement of even daring to 
admit the possibility that tte 
police need illegitimate means to 
extract usable confessions and that 
our judicial strnetnre is inad- 
equate to discern a miscarriage of 
justice on such a huge scale. 
According to tte two books, not 
only could 17 individuals have 
been convicted in error, and given 
long sentences, but those guilty of 
the bombings may still be free. 

These implications were dearly 
appreciated by Mr Justice Bridge 
in his summing up in tte trial of 
the six Irishmen convicted of tte 
Birmingham bombing. If they 
were telling tte truth, he said, tte 
police had been involved, in a 
conspiracy “unprecedented in tte 
annak of British criminal hist- 
ory.” He went on to point out the 
depth of collaboration between 
two police forces that would have 
been required to fabricate such 
perjured evidence. 

I doubt whether anyone outside 
tte police can really appreciate tte 
pressure they come under to 
assuage public outrage after vi- 
cious crimes such as these. Arrests 
are imperative. 

The police deserve, and by and 
large receive, public support in 
their work but tte difficult and 
delicate question for each MP and 
member of a police authority is 

whax to say and do when itappears 
that they have acted reprehensroiy 
or responded inadequately over a 
matter of serious public concern. 

I was a member o* the West 
Yorkshire Police Authority dunng 
the Yorkshire Ripper inquiries. 
Some members were legitimacy 
critical of certain, aspects of the 
investigation, particularly me my- 
opic reliance on the infamous 
“Geordie tape" and letters. But 
tte question over which we ag- 
onized was whether to voice those 
opinions outright during the in- 
tense public anguish over the 
continuing murders. 

As it happens I said nothing j 

until the case was solved, but I am ' 

far from sure that was right. I did 
however have no such inhibitions 
afterwards when tte obsessive 
secrecy about tte reports into tte 
conduct of the case seemed to me 
to be completely unjustified. Even 
then, when I and another Liberal 
colleague put our names to a 
statement, we had to endure 
considerable criticism and even 
harassment from both Labour and 
Conservative members. 

Policing cannot be a secret 
unacco untable task. Even under 
our present checks and balances it 
can lapse into abuses of power that 
at best make tte innocent citizen 
reluctant thereafter to assist the 
police and at worst result in 
physical abuse. I find a small but 
growing number of people other- 
wise disposed to support the 
police who have been alienated by 
some minor incident. I do not 
believe that the police understand 9 
the dangers of such a cumulative 
feeling. Usually such matters are 
not considered worth complaining 
about officially and the com- 
plaints are in any case often to do 
with altitudes and therefore tech- 
nically improvable. 

Tte police response to such 
comments is often defensive and 
negative. The standard reply is: 
“We are under pressure; you give 
us an impossible job; you don’t 
give us tte resources we tell you 
we need; and then you criticize us 
for doing our best" I sympathize 
with such feelings but reject the 
implication that our duty is to 
support whatever senior police 
officers say. That road leads to a 
beleagured and resentful police 
force emerging from its bunkers 
only in armoured vehicles. 

I take the view that a misplaced 
reluctance to expose police prac- 
tice for good or ill actually fosters 
the worst suspicions and is of no 
benefit to the police: I believe that 
Sir Robert Mark’s determination, 
when Commissioner of tte Metro- 
politan Police, to root out corrup- 
tion and malpractice enhanced the 
Met’s public image. That example 
should be heeded by the Home 
Secretary and his advisers. Even 
better would be public support for 
a review of the Birmingham and 
Guildford cases from tbe four 
chief constables involved. 

We need to develop legal 
machinery able to assuage concern 
about possible miscarriages of 
justice. It ought not to depend on 
investigative writers, however 
compelling their books. 

* Error of Judgement, by Chris Jb 
Mullin. is published by Oiotto and 
Windus and Trial and Error, by 
Robert Kee. by Hamish Hamilton. 
Michael Meadowcroft is Liberal MP 
for Leeds West. 


• 4* S 

- &kr 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Making a mess 
of your ms 

Word processors are all very well 
in their own way, but they have 
one terrible fault. They make copy 
too tidy, and that means that you 

freshness that a word processor 

freak can only dimly remember. 

can't sell the resulting manuscript 
to Oklahoma State University or 
wherever it is in America that 
collects the manuscripts that 
everyone else has forgotten to 

What libraries really like are 
manuscripts that show the growth 
of a work, from first untidy 
crossings out to final triumphant 
version, followed by final un- 
certain and untidy crossings out. 
They like a Shakespeare sonnet 
which starts: “Shall I contrast thee 
with a spring-like mom?" and 
only gets it right a few corrections 

Now, from my unders tanding of 
word processors, a draft can be 
corrected at any stage and the old 
mistakes totally eradicated from 
the system. It's like having a 
wonderfully efficient and fast 
secretary who retypes everything 
as quick as you can think about it 
A word processor can do evety- 



Varxi processors are all very 
well In their 

But that is not the end of iL For 
£50 we can undertake to make this 
extract of prose look infinitely 
more appealing. Apart from the 
mere battle of creative expression, 
we can bring in the mundane yet 
etern^y intriguing whiffof every- 

Zpi ckz=: Ly> QiALujkj 

loro, processors are an 

Vora processors are all very 
well la their 

thing, in fact, except produce the 
mucky, messed-about-with scripts 
that libraries and scholars so love. 
At the rate we are going, no 
authors after about 1990 will be 
producing any scripts of the kind 
beloved by tte Oklahoma State 
University Library, or maybe 
Wisconsin.They will all be dean, 

beautifully legible and not at all 
the kind of thing worth collecting. 

That is where the Moreover 
Manuscript Service comes in. We 
can guarantee, for a very modest 
sum hardly into five figures, to 
turn your modest little dean word 
processor print-out into a thriv- 
ingly convoluted bit of creative 
prose. An example? Certainly. 
Take tbe very beginning of this 
article. This is what it looked like 
in type. 

Word p rocessors are all very 
well to their own way but 

they have one terrible fault 

So. What was once just the 
opening sentence to yet another 
piece of run-of-the-mill journal- _ 
ism has already begun to lake on * 
its own piquancy, its own res- 
onan« We feel the tug of the 
witCT’s burden, we fee! the call of 
bis domestic duties. And for a 
total of £100 we can feel some- 
thing quite different. For that son 
ot money we can bring in the clash 
of personality, as the author’s 
quiet existence finds itself threat- 
ened by a female presence, even if 
anonymous. Our manuscript 
manipulators can alwavs find a 
new twist, if the money ‘is right 

t* r . t 

Word processors are all verv 
well la their own way but ‘ 
they have one terrible fault 

i r . 

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if eLrumk U ifk 

"J***- ieinijKt 
til Uaat ycc t so JU/p me/ 

And (his is what it looks like 
after £10 worth of damage has 
been done to it Lodes a lot better 
already, doesn't it? It has a sort of 

TfeK w see a tola||y wonhtes 

53k 5LS £ Ut “ ® arba ® e ®«<i- 

you re interested in this wrt of 
being ^t^oor 
S’aSS PUS i1 ^ stating 

.. . J 


1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 



p} paper 

a a 

Autumn hints about tax cuts 
havea mixed history. Cabiuet- 
levd ram ours at die end of 
1984 of a possible £3 billion off 
income tax in the next Budget 
achieved only a New Year nm 
on the pound. Last year, the 
Chanc ellor used the preferred 
practice of reducing expecta- 
tions, though in the end he 
managed a penny off the 
standard rate. When he ap- 
peared before the Treasury 
Select Committee last week, 
Mr Lawson made it clear that 
his aim of a 25 per cent 
standard rate will not be 
reached in his 1987 Bodge! 

This was implicit in the 
arithmetic of the autumn 
statement. Spending plans for 
next year have been raised by 
£4.75 billion, roughly the cost 
of cutting the four paints off 
income tax needed to achieve 
the target Both the Chancellor 
and the Prime Minister have 
made it plain that borrowing 
targets are not to be relaxed. So 
, as the Chancellor clearly and 
correctly put it, a pound more 
on public spending is a pound 
not available for tax cuts. 

It is more a reflection of a 
long tradition of pie-electoral 
elasticity than of Mr Lawson's 
own ream! that financial mar- 
kets did not believe a word of 
this at the time of the autumn 
statement. On that occasion, 
the Chancellor understandably 
did not speedy the tax implica- 
tions of paying teachers more 
and allowing for more local 
authority capital spending. 

Sceptical currency dealers 
assumed that, through some 
helpful change in presentation, 
room would still be found for 
the elusive tax cuts. Following 
the glossing over money tar- 
gets, the Chancellor’s delay in 
raising interest rates to support 
sterling and the apparent lar- 
gesse on spending, cynics at 

^ ome and abroad scented a 
retreat on fiscal discipline to 
jonie. Consequently, sterling 
has been under some degree of 

pressure ever since. 

The Chancellor’s reassur- 
ance is welcome. It was ad- 
dressed to a wider audience, in 
t andem with a repeated 
confir mati on that, however 
the Prime Minister might 
muse, he is not prepared to see 
the pound drop below its 
current level of about 68 on the 
Bank of England’s Steriing 
Index. This has already barf a 
mil d effect on the exchanges. 

In the middle of a consumer 
boom, there isno case for a 
rise in borrowing to finance 
general income tax cuts, even 
on old notions of demand 
management Fiscal manage- 
ment of demand, indeed, was 
discredited precisely because, 
in practice, higher gove rnme nt 
borrowing stemmed from a 
political failure to balance the 

If the Chancellor’s pro- 
clamation of sdfdisdpline is 
welcome, however, the need 
for it is not The Government 
has not wanted public spend- 
ing to rise. It will go up because 
the Treasury is now taking a 
realistic view of past failures of 
control, and because , open- 
ended benefit spending (as 
well as special measures) re- 
flect past failures over un- 

The problems of control 
over local authority capital 
spending were highlighted by 
the Public Accounts Commit- 
tee last wedt Its report dem- 
onstrated how unsympathetic 
authorities had used their 
discretion to concentrate cuts 
on file maintenance of schools, 
roads and housing. The 
Government has now pro- 
posed alternative methods of 
control. But perfection is 


Mr Rauf Denktas will return 
to Turkish Cyprus tom orrow , 
leaving behind an increasing 
number of people, in Britain 
: who believe that his -island’s 
problems are Insoluble — ' for 
the time being anyway. This is 
not to say that it is entirely his 
fault; indeed there are those, 
who would say that if is not his 
.. fault at all It is rather to regret 
the lack of political win in 
either Cypriot community to 
bridge the gap between them. 

Senor Javier Perez de 
Cuellar, Secretary General of 
> the United Nations,, has pre- 
sented three sets of peace 
proposals in less than two 
years — so far to no avail. The 
first initiative in January 1985 
collapsed because President 
Kyprianou, the island’s Greek 
* Cypriot leader, felt unable to 
; accept it as it stood. A second 
draft several months later was 
agreeable to him, but not to Mr 
Denktas and the Turkish 
minority. The third, earlier 
this year, tried to steer a path 
. between the two but succeeded 
only in pleasing one side (this 
time Mr Denktas again) but 
fe not the other. While President 
Kyprianou has not exactly said 
“no”, he has not said “yes” 
either — and has made it fairiy 
clear that he will not do so. 

The proposals for a federal 
solution to the island’s trou- 
bles are in difficulties not so 
much because of what they 
include as because of what 
they do not Greek Cypriots 
complain that they do not deal 
effectively with three key is- 
sues; guarantees for the 
island’s future integrity; the 
three “basic freedoms” for all 
citizens to move, work and 
settle wherever they want; and 

the withdrawal of Turkish 
troops and settlers from main- 
land Turkey. It is the last of 
these which Greek Cypriots 
regard as a. sine qua non. How 
many troops sdnaixt from the 
mvasion fbroe of 1974 is in 
itsetf A matter for argument • 
The - Turks say there are 
17,000, the Greeks that there 
were 25,000 until recently, 
since' when the number has 
considerably risen. 

The latest UN proposals 
provide for a series of working 
groups to sort out these 
remaining issues — including a 
timetable for troop withdraw- 
als — once the draft agreement 
has been signed. President 
Kyprianou and the Greek- 
speaking community are, how- 
ever, refusing to accept this 
because they do not trust the 
Turks. The latter, they con- 
tend, would find some excuse 
to veto the arrangements once 
the present Greek government 
had been disbanded, and the: 
troops would remain. The 
Ankara government would 
then be able to influence 
affairs through its intimidating 
military presence. 

Certainly Mr Denktas spirit- 
edly defends the need for 
Turkish troops, pointing to the 
attempted Greek Cypriot coup 
which prompted the Turkish 
intervention in 1974. Mean- 
while, he has used his British 
visit to demand official recog- 
nition by London of his Turk- 
ish Republic of Northern 
Cyrpsus ‘ (TRNC) which de- 
clared itself an independent 
state in November 1983, with 
himself as president Britain is 
unlikely to grant this particular 
wish, so Mr Denktas will have 
to resign himself to leaning on 

impossible so long as there are 
such startling mismatches be- 
tween local discretion ami 
. local taxation. 

But tax cuts are not simply a 
route to political popularity 
that may temporarily get a 
lower priority. They are, as 
Opposition parties still fell to 
recognize, an economic neces- 
sity to improve incentives and 
to loosen the economic const- 
. ipation that still grips Europe. 

President Reagan’s tax re- 
forms have shifted the targets 
of tax reform worldwide. By 
comparison, as Mrs Thatcher 
noted last week, our top rate of 
60 per cent now looks almost 
as bad as the the 83 per cent 
inherited in 1979. And if 
excessive taxation at the lower 
end of the scale does not 
threaten SUCh an immediate 
brain drain, it fundamentally 
hinders productivity and 
employment prospects. 

Hopes of general Budget tax 
cuts should not be abandoned 
yet For Mr Lawson’s desire to 
trim expectations last week 
was as strong as his need to 
reassure markets. Buoyant tax 
revenue; should allow borrow- 
ing targets to be met in the 
current fiscal year despite an 
overshoot in spending. If that 
trend can convincingly be 
projected ahead — as today’s 
new forecast from the London 
Business School suggests — 
sound finance and lower in- 
come tax rates might still go 
hand in hand. The T.RS cal- 
culates that, on current rev- 
enue trends, the standard rate 
might be cut two points to 27 
per cent The degree of leeway, 
if any, will again determine 
whether the Chancellor aims 
for the headlines, or puts the 
emphasis on more modest but 
carefully directed measures. 
Either way, tax reform and lax 
cuts must not be put back on 
the shelf yet again. 

the government in Ankar a for 
some time. 

The UN Secretary-General 
has said that,left to himsetfchc 
could; settle the Cyprus ques- 
tion in an hour. Two of his 
aides were recently sounding 
out Messrs Kyprianou and 
Denktas separately in an effort 
to explore more common 
ground. One possible first step 
would' be for Turkey to reduce 
its troop level in the North to a 
brigade size force of about 
5,000. That should be enough 
to instill confidence in the 
Turkish Cypriot . community 
and would at the same time be 
a demonstration iff good faith 
towards the Greek community 
in the South. At the same time, 
President Kyprianou should 
signal his preparedness to 
accept such a concession as the 
kind of token he requires. 

Both communities say they 
would rather have no agree- 
ment at all thqn a bad one. 
This sounds sensible enough. 
But the longer the present 
deadlock continues, the more 
difficult it will be to break it 
Certainly the Greek Cypriots 
recognise that time is onthe 
side of Mr Denktas, if only 
because it helps him to 
consolidate the TRNC 

As a member of Nato, with 
its own sovereign base areas in 
the South and its radar station 
atop Mount Olympus, Britain 
has a plain i n t e rest in an 
amicable settlement There 
would seem to be little hope of 
this in the near future, how- 
ever, unless the two commu- 
nities can be persuaded to 
accept the kind of compromise 
outlined above. 


. 4* 



It is a commonplace of politi- 
cal theory that although 
censorship requires very 
powerful justification where 
adults are concerned, it can be 
employed much more readily 
for the protection of childien. 
What is startling about recent 
reports of school and local 
libraries banning certain 
children's books, then, is not 
the feet of censorship but its 

Obscenity today, in the sus- 
picious imaginations of school 
ami local library censors, is the 
% obscenity of racism or sexism 
f and is located in books like 
Huckleberry Finn, Dr Doolittle 
and Biggies. In today’s Times 
for instance, Sally Brompton 
cites the case of Roald Dahl’s 
very popular book, The 
Witches, which has been 
banned by some libraries be- 
cause, among other grounds, 

witches area sexist concept. 

Yet a rihfld, much more 
wisely, would surdy note that 
the least interesting thing 
about a witch is that she is a 
woman. Witches can fly on 
broomsticks, cast spells on 
lovely princesses mid turn' 
children into toads. No child is 
ffkel y to confuse such a fantas- 
tic figure with the Modem 
Woman. And insofar as chil- 
dren have a choice in the 
matter, they would probably 
prefer to spend time with the 
former. Indeed, a sharper 
feminist perspective would 
single out witches as desirable 
nfle models for the liberated 

To see a witch mainly as an 
unpleasant woman reveals 'ah 
imagination which .'has pro- 
grammed itself to notice cmly 
sexism or racism and to ignore 
everything rise. It is hardly 
surprising that .--such an 
Ima ginati on would regard 

Huckleberry Finn as a racist 
novel For there is racism in 
•tiie book. Hack hims elf is a 
good-natured, easy-going, rac- 
ist scamp who regards the 
slave Jim, as he regards all 
black people, as just an ig- 
norant nigger. But when on 
- their journey down the river, 
Jim shows himself to be 
stronger source of help and a 
kinder friend than Huck de- 
serves, Buck realises the 
foolishness and wickedness of 
his earlier contempt 

Remove the oily racism 
from Huck, however, and you 
remove the anti-racist mes- 
sagje. You also remove the core 
of a magical and moving story. 
It would become little more 
than an entertaining pica- 
resque novel 

From such guardianship 
children need, io be protected. 
The growth of their imagina- 
tion might be stunted. 


Front-Hne instability in Africa 

From Major-General Sir John 

Sir, Mr Tinlrm (November 15) is 
right in saying that Pretoria’s 
campaign of destabilization 
mounted neighbouring 

states is the most damaging threat 
to peace and progress in that 
troubled ansa. It is hard to 
understand what benefit even the 
South African regime expects to 
gain from it. 

1 have just returned from Zim- 
babwe, where I had talks with Mr 
Mugabe and other leaders with 
whom, as Commander of the 
Commonwealth Monitoring 
Force, I had negotiated during the 
elections and transition to in- 
dependence in 1980. 

Mr Mugabe reviewed the situa- 
tion in remarkable detail and with 
the frankness one expects from 
him, but also with notable mod- 
eration; and the logic of his 
analysis of present difficulties was 
devastating in its clarity. The 
support he now so evidently and 
almost universally enjoys in Zim- 
babwe must be the envy of 
political leaders elsewhere in tire 

From these meetings it is dear 
to me that one or the major 
problems confronting tire front- 
line states is the increasing pres- 

sure from the Mozambique 
National Resistance on the road, 
rail and pipeline links through 
Mozambique to the coast. The 
defence of these vital facilities is 
already presenting Zimbabwe 
with heavy and increasing finan- 
cial costs and a major commit- 
ment in terms of men and 
equipment Indeed, it is easy to 
envisage that though they could 
meet the manpower bill, the costs 
of maintaining even the present 
level of operations will rise bo- 
yond their resources. The problem 
of external credit is, of course, tire 
limiting factor. 

The British military advisory 
and training t ram are d o in g an 
admirable job and one that is 
much appreciated by their hosts, 
but help in terms of logistics and, 
particularly, ammunition is now 
also needed. 

To deny this assistance would 
seriously jeopardise all the 
achievements of the British Gov- 
ernment in 1979-80 and the 
immense progress made sub- 
sequently under Mr Mugabe’s 
Yours faithfully, 


Feniton Court, 

Honiton, Devon. 

November 17. 

Sudeten expulsion 

From Dr Harry Hodtfelder 
Sir, To say, as you did in your 
obituary for Dr J. W. Bruegel 
(November 20), that tire Germans 
of Chechoslovakia were treated 

“with indierriiriiTMte SUSpttiOD 
and hostility by the re-established 
Czech regime” in 1945 is an 
under s tatemen t 
Would it not be more correct to 
call tire brutal and indiscriniinate 
expulsion of three million Sudeten 
German wen, women and chil- 
dren, who were deprived of virtu- 
ally all their belongings and of 
whose number some 250,000 per- 
ished in the process, by its proper 
name, ie^ genocide? 

It was most unfortunate that Dr 
Bruegel and his small group of 
followers gave unconditional sup- 
port to Dr Bents during the war, 
because this helped Bernes to 
deceive the British and United 
States governments about the 
scale and the inhuman aspects of 
his expulsion {dans. 

He pointed out time and again 
that his measures were merely 
directed against the Nazi d ement? 
among the Germans of Czecho- 
slovakia and even had the support 
of some democratic Sudeten Ger- 

As a result of tins tire efforts of 
Wenzel Jaksch, the leader of the 
democratic Sudeten Germans in 
exile, to draw tire attention of 
world opinion to the monstrous 

crime against humanity which 
Benes was preparing, with Stalin’s 
support, were frustrated and his 
protests went unheard. 

Yours faithfully, 


67 WoodhaH Gate, 

Pinner, Middlesex. 

November 20. 

Prison contrasts 

From Mr Marek Garztedd 
Sir, I read with interest (Obituary, 
November 17) that the Nazi 
criminal, Erik Koch, died a peace- 
ful death in a Polish prison in a 
cell “lined with books bought with 
money sent from abroad”. 

Your readers may be interested 
to learn that many Solidarity 
activists have been imprisoned in 
the same Barezeweo gaol as Koch, 
except that they were beaten, 
locked in punishment cells with- 
out arieqimte food. For months 
not only were books withheld 
from them but also the right to 
receive correspondence from their 

It would appear.therefore, that 
the communist authorities of the 
Polish People’s Republic feel 
more sympathy with former Nazis 
than with the workers of their own 

Yours sincerely, 

Voice of Solidarity Information 

215 Balham High Road, SW17. 

Appealing to youth 

From Mr Mike Hars/dn 
Sir, Few young political activists 
are recruited by any of the parties 
on the basis of slick advertising 
techniques, contrary to the im- 
pression in your Spectrum article 
of November 18. Tnese are aimed 
at the wider audience of young 
voters rather than the potential 

The conscious effort by Alliance 
by-election managers at West 
Derbyshire, Newcastle - under - 
Lyme, and most recently in 
Knowsley to treat young voters 
with the seriousness their predica- 
ment demands was rewarded in 
votes of around 42 per cent. 

considerably higher than the mea- 
the Alliance achieves in 

gre ratings) 
the same age range in national 
opinion polling. 

Id contrast, the evidence from 
actual voting tends to prove that 

“Red Wedge” concerts and the 
like are counter-productive and 
reinforce a natural apathy towards 
any politician of any political 
party offering youth a credible 
package of policies. 

The only emphasis is one of 
“change” and “voting for change”. 
Hence, the by-election success by 
Liberals and the large majorities 
enjoyed by Labour amongst 1 8-24 
year-old voters in national polls. 

The interesting questions, 
which research by The Times itself 
has supported, are why young 
people are so apathetic towards au 

and P Shc*taris , o? whirt? percep- 
tions of the different parties 
influence young voters where the 
reality is strikingly different. 

Yours sincerely, 

MIKE HARSKIN (Prospective 
Liberal candidate, Brent South), 
38a Scarie Road, 

Wembley, Middlesex. 

Practice nurses 

From Miss C. Martin 
Sir, With reference to the report, 
“Lives at risk as untrained nurse 
made smear errors” (November 6, 
later editions) I would like to add 
some comments. 

Practice nurses undoubtedly 
need education for their specific 
role in the surgery/health centre. 
Educational opportunities are 

Unfortunately, while secretar- 
ial /receptionist staff are specifi- 
cally named as being able to apply 
for some funding for training 
under the NHS General Medical 
Services Statements of fires and 
allowances (section 52.9), practice 
nurses are noL 

Their only claim for financial 
allowance may be either for health 
authority-approved courses or fin- 
courses attended with their 
employing general practitioner. 

While not underestimating the 
need for joint educational initia- 
tives, there needs to be a clarifica- 
tion of these statements with 
specific refere n ce to practice 

Yours faithfully, 

C. MARTIN (Chairman, 

Practice Nurses Forum, 

Royal College ofNursmg), 

6 College Road, 

Eastbourne, East Sussex. 
November 15. 

Future of N Ireland 

From Mr Michael Toner 
Sir, I suppose that those of us with 
Irish and Gaelic roots ought to 
sympathise with A T. Q. Stewart’s 
anguish (feature, November 15) 
over the “tyranny” being imposed 
on the Unionists of Northern 

We had nearly 50 years, after all, 
in which to explore the frustra- 
tions of living under a government 
which ignored the norms of 
democracy as a matter of routine. 
Perhaps we understand the cur- 
rent miseries of the Unionists 
better than they imagine. Yet it is 
they who now hold the key which 
might enable both communities in 
the province to escape their 
sectarian wretchedness. 

The powers now held by the 
secretariat at Maryfield are ca- 
pable at any time ofbeing returned 
to the people, provided only that 
the Unionists can bring them- 
selves to deal with their feOow 
citizens as necessary participants 
in a common venture. 

Isn’t that what the restoration of 
democracy ought to mean? Or do 
all the attacks on the Anglo-Irish 
Agreement merely reflect a 
hanker ing for the return of Union- 
ist triumphalism? 

Yours faithfully, 


58 Waterloo Road, Bedford. 

BBC managing 
art of change 

From the Deputy Director-General 
af the BBC 

Sir, Your leader (November 20) 
referred to today's broadcasting 
debate being about the manage- 
ment of change, an ait in which 
British institutions — par- 
liamentarians as well as broad- 
casters — still have much to learn. 

In the last year the BBC has 
negoti at ed a reduction in its 
permanent staff of some 2,000. 
There have been no strikes — there 
has been no disruption to produc- 
tion of radio or television pro- 

Many services, formerly pro- 
vided within the BBC, are now 
provided by the outside market. 
The doors are being opened to 
independent producers. Regional 
broadcasting in England has been 
completely reorganized. The 
L ang b am headquarters has been 
emptied in six months and is for 

The commercial activities of the 
BBC have been restructured and 
executives recruited from in- 
dustry. Super Channel, the sat- 
ellite service to Europe, is about to 
be launched with the active sup- 
port and encouragement of the 
BBC but without any capital 
investment The Domesday discs, 
which embrace new video disc 
technology, win be launched next 

In short, we fed the BBC knows 
a little about the necessity and art 
of managing change. Broadcasters 
inside and outside this country ask 
me to talk about it I wonder why! 
Yours faithfully, 


Deputy Director-General, 


Broadcasting House, Wl. 
November 5). 

Slice of wild life 

From Mr LyeU W. Fairlie 
Sir, I read with interest Miss 
Crawford Poole's recipes for deal- 
ing with pheasants in last 
Saturday’s Times (November 8) 
but was surprised at her opening 
remarks, namely, “Many a pheas- 
ant one meets these days has such 
a slender acquaintance with the 
wild that its lifestyle is closer to 
poultry than game”. 

I am not aware that any 
pheasants are bred in this country 
on an intensive basis purely for 
the table and indeed the ex-shoot 
price, at around £3 per brace, 
would make it totally uneconomic 
for a game farmer to produce them 
for this purpose. 

Pheasants are normally release d 
to the wild during the summer, 
and up to 50 per cent will be shot 
during the coming season. This is 
a slightly higher percentage than 
would have been the case pre-war, 
but your readers might wish to 
know that until the latter part of 
the last century pheasants were a 
relatively rare occurrence in our 
countryside and it was only with 
the development of the modem 
shotgun and the commencement 
of rearing on a large scale that they 
became plentiful. 

In conclusion, it would seem to 
me that pheasants today are just as 
accustomed to the wild as they 
were in the days of our great 

Yours faithfully, 



West Tytheriey, 

Salisbury, Wiltshire. 

November 17. 

Royal rats 

From Mr Iain Thomber 
Sir, In the event of the San- 
dringham rat-catchers failing to 
rid the royal park of its unwelcome 
visitors by conventional methods, 
as “Fourth Leader” (November 
15) implies might well be the case, 
then may I be permitted to draw to 
their notice two other means of 
expulsion which were known to 
their contemporaries in the early 
royal courts of Scotland? 

Firstly, by establishing a herd af 
goats in the vicinity of the 
problem. Rats detest goats, at any 
rate they do not infest or even 
appear in a house where one is; 
doubtless the strong smell of the 
goat is too strong even for them. A 
number of goats wandering at 
random through the royal bushes 
might well induce Mr Rat to move 
off and perhaps even discourage 
the initial perpetrators of the 

Secondly, by the recitation ex 
tempore of an incantation of 
expulsion. Rhyming and satire 
were in vogue against rats in 
Scotland and also in Ireland of 
okl; reference is made to some 
such proceeding in Shakespeare 
even. In January, 1853, the Rev- 
erend Dr Todd read a paper on 
this subject to the Irish Academy 
and introduced the tale of 
Seanchan, chief poet of Ireland, 
who pronounced such a rhyme. 
Yours faithfully, 


Knock House, Morvera, 

Oban, Argyll. 

Taking advice 

from the Leader of Arm District 

Sir, If foe use of external manage- 
ment consultants (John Bunerml, 
November 8) is the solution to 
economies in the running of shire 
comity and, indeed, shire district 
councils, lira asa councillor would 
be ample. 

Reality is somewhat different It 
is not the task of councillors to 
supervise departments. Tbefr duty 

is to determine policy, to set 
budgets, and to review perfor- 
mance. To achieve this needs 
determined leadership and politi- 
cal will ra the part of members. It 
is vital to have dear objectives set 
out by a policy group for the 

period of office of the council and 
to see that chief officers under- 
stand these objectives. 

My authority has reduced its 
man power from 780 to 680 since 
1979. We are contracting out as 
many services as possible, hope- 
fully anticipating Government 
legislation. We have saved 
£300,000 by contracting out foe 
refuse-collection service - in- 
house it cost us £1 million. We 
have slimmed our support and 
service operational costs by 30 per 
cent, reallocating the money to 
extra services, and overall we are 
spending 3 per cent less in real 
terms.than four years ago. 

We have set up free-standing 
quasi-commercial support groups 
for technical and office services. 

Departments may use the private 
sector if these groups are not 
competitive. They only survive, 
like any other enterprise, by 
making a profit. The results are 

We have certainly used consul- 
tants on many occasions, tut with 
discretion and the awareness that 
one may merely get a confirma- 
tion of the status quo if the right 
brief is not set Our success can 
perhaps be measured in part by 
the number of other authorities 
who seek our advice and are using 
us as consultants. 

Yours faithfully, 

GRETA M. BROWN, Leader, 
Arun District Council, 

Members' Room, Council Offices, 
Littiehampton, West Sussex. 


NOVEMBER 24 1917 

This operation was the breaching 
of the Hindenburg line by the 3rd 
Army on November 20. British 
tanks had been, tried out at Arne 
in 1916. bat this was the first mass 
attack, with more than 300 

medium tanks. The impetus was 
later lost through heavy rain and 
the strength of the German 







... The outstanding feature of the 
main operation has, of course, been 
the brilliant share borne in the 
success by foe Tanks. From the 
moment when they went forward 
at daybreak on November 20, 
terrifying the enemy infantry and 
breaking a way through succ es s i ve 
belts of wire for our men to follow, 
they have always been in foe 
forefront of foe advance. They 
have not only cleaned out trenches 
and strong points with their ma- 
chine-guns, but have thrust into 
defended villages and occupied and 
held them, and have even charged 
and taken batteries of heavy guns. 

The air was so thick in the semi- 
darkness of early dawn that only 
those who actually took part in the 
attack could see what was happen- 
ing, but from men who were in it I 
hear that the spectacle, as the lines 
of Tanks went forward, with the 
Pnmimnwlnig yiwwnil'a flagship in 
advance, was magnificent. "It 
looked," said one informant, “just 
like a ceremonial parade.” How it 
looked to the enemy we can only 
conjecture from the way the enemy 

Like aD operations nowadays, 
this had been carefully rehearsed in 
advance, and the infantry pressed 
on in worm-like waves immediate- 
ly behind and with foe Tanks, and 
went through with ease what five 
minutes before had been 
inpenetrable barriers of standing 
wire, and they did it almost 
without casualties. It is a fact that 
the aggregate casualties in the first 
advance across the Hmdenburg 
f.iTM> in three neighbouring battal- 
ions of which I know was a total of 
five men wounded. 

One of the points where the 
enemy dofonro was strongest was 
Lateau Wood, which, besides ma- 
chine-guns, was held by batteries 
of field guns and 5.9 ’b. A Tank does 
not mind machine-guns, but field 
guns and SB’s are different. In this 
case, however, a Tank deliberately 
charged a battery of 5-9's. butting 
its way through between two guns, 
then turning down the line and 
killing or scattering the crews, so 
that the battery was silenced and 
captured. With other Tanks it then 
picketed a wood and held it till 
infantry came in. 

Twelve Tanks went into 
Marcoing, each with a designated 
point to take and hold, and it is 
believed that every one of the 12 
reached its post At the bridge at 
Masnieres I tokl in an earlier 
message how the first Tank went 
overboard Apparently, however, it 
merely went through the bridge not 
being strong enough to support iL 
The water, fortunately, was not 
sufficiently deep to submerge the 
whole machine, and the crew 
crawled out through the manhole. 
The Tank lies there now, protrud- 
ing above the water. In the village 
of Ribecourt the Germans consid- 
erately bolted, leaving uneaten 
breakfasts behind, which the Tank 
crew ate. 

Some of the Tanks engaged were 
veterans of many fights, but there 
were also some which were in 
action for the first time, and all did 
very well. It was the first appear- 
ance on the battlefield of the Tank 
which went alone into the village of 
Cantaing before the cavalry got 
there. Some Tanks broke down 
from mechanical difficulties, but 

where they did so most of them 
were enabled to do useful work as 
stationary strong points, for a 
Tank with its machine-gun makes 
better redoubt than does a 
Ger man concrete blockhouse. 
Some were knocked out by enemy 
fire, at point blank range, of a 
battery of field guns. 

The casualties, however, were 
not heavy, and it is in accord with 
the fine traditions of the other 
Services that these should have 
been largely among the officers. 
When any difficulty arose requir- 
ing someone to go outside, it was 
always the officers who went and 
offered themselves as targets to the 
enemy snipers. . . 

Compulsive viewing? 

From Mr Michael R. Hopkins 
Sir, Over five years ago 1 decided 
to live without a television and 
since that time, twice a year, the 
licence authority have sent me a 
letter asking why I do not have a li- 

Initially I duly returned foe 
form, advising that I do not 
possess a set, and then grew tired 
of what I felt was harassment and 
didn't feel it incumbent upon one 
to report io perpetuity to such an 

This year the situation has 
become ridiculous: I am now 
getting a personal visit by two 
people from the licence authority, 
one in Fiebruary followed by a 
letter in April* and another per- 
sonal visit just yesterday. 

Your sincerely, 


Flat F, The Beeches, 

11 Wetoombe Road, 



November 12. 

5-ttd .a 





Orthodox churches moving 
to heal the great schism 

From Mario Modkuo, Athens 



st JAMES'S palace 
N ovember 22: The Duke and 
Duchess of Kent arrived at 
Heathrow Airport, London this 
afternoon from India. 

A manorial service for Profes- 
sor Noel Coulson will be held at 
the University Church of Christ 
the King, Bloomsbury, at noon 

A memorial service for Sir 
Godfrey Llewellyn will be held 
at the Church of St John the 
Baptist, Cardiff, at 230pm 


Latest appointments include: 
Mrs G.T. Banks to be Registrar 
General for England and Wales 
from November 30. in succes- 
sion to Mr A.R. Thatcher, and 
to be also Director of the Office 
of Population Censuses and 

Sir James Cleminson to be 
Chairman of the Review Body 
for Nursing Staff. Midwives, 
Health Visitors and the Pro- 
fessions Allied to Medicine, in 
succession to Sir John 
Grecnborough. Sir John 
Herbecq to be d eputy chairman. 

Birthdays today 

Mr lan Botham. 31: Mr Lynn 
Chadwick. 72: Mr Billy 
Connolly, 44: Admiral Sir An- 
thonv Griffin. 66: Lord John- 
Marine, 77: Mr David Kossoffi 
67: General Sir Richard 
Lawson. 59: Professor Sir Claus 
Moser, 64; Mr Alun Owen, 61: 
Mr Graham Price, 35; Miss 
Vivien Saunders. 40: Mr A. J. 
Sylvester, 97; the Right Rev F. 
S. Temple, 70. 

Latest wills 

Sir John Serocold Paget MeHor, 
of London Wl, chairman of 
Prudential Assurance, 1965-70. 
left £1,795,81 19 neu 
Other estates include: 

Adams. Mr Reginald Victor, of 

Rcdditcb £429,245 

Eustace, Mr John Henry, of 
Alvescot, Oxfordshire £46(1359 
GarbatL Mr W illiam Thrale. of 
Gosforth, Newcastle upon 

Tyne £325,329 

Feat, Mis Margaret Murray 
Carlyle, of Taunton — £355,472 

Appointments in 
the Forces 

Royal Nary 

(London). 6.2.87: P F Wflon. 
SACLANT. 18.9.87: A G G 
Wolstenholme. MOD (London). 

RNH Plymouth. 24.2.87, 
[London). 16A.87; I McKechnie. Staff 


Mr A.E. French 
and Miss CM. Towneley 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at St James's. Spanish 
Place, between Mr Arthur Ed- 
mund French, younger son of 
the late the Hon Bertram and 
Mrs French, and Miss Charlotte 
Mary Towneley. second daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mis Simon 

MrTJ. BarUKSter 
and Mrs RMJ>- Griake 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. November IS. ai St 
Mary's. Hardington, YeoviL be- 
tween Mr James Burra ester and 

Mrs Rosamund Grinke. 

Mr B.P. Higsoa 
and Miss PJE. Fry 
The marriage rook place on 1 
Saturday, at Holy Trinity 
Church. Cuckfield, between Mr 
Barnaby Higson. son of Mr 
Douglas Higson and the late 
Mrs Higson, and Miss Polly Fry. 
daughter of Mr Jeremy Fry and 
1 Mrs John Fairbaira. 

The bride was attended by 
! Kate Strutt and Sophie Topley. 
Dr Adrian Weston was best 

Mr CM J. Newton 
and Miss CJ. Darby 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, November 22. at St 
Mary’s, Lutterworth, of Mr 
Christopher Newton, son of Mr 
and Mis Michael Newton, of 
Balcombe, Sussex, and Miss 
Louise Darby, daughter of Mr 
and Mrs John Darby, of South 
Kil worth, Leicestershire. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her lather, was 
attended by Lama Newton, 
Domeiza Hughes. Rosie 
ForahalL Alice Young, Anthony 
Collett and Harry Melsom. Mr 
Paul Parsons was best man. 

A reception was held at the 
home of the bride and the 
honeymoon is being spent in the 


The son of Mr and Mrs Andrew 
Dagnall was christened Nicolas 
Phillimore by Dom Marlin 
Haigh, at the Church of the Holy 
Cross. Fulham, on Saturday. 
The godparents are Mr Steven 
Neol-Hill. Signor Fiorenzo 
Schincagiia, Mr Nicholas 
Woodhead. Mrs Michael Nolan 
and Miss Rosie Reid. 

The world’s 14 Orthodox churches have edged 
closer towards the holding of an Orthodox 
ecumenical council - the nra since the great 
schism 1.100 years ago - after reaching 
unanim ous agreement this month on im- 
portant issues of discipline and policy. 

The need to provide coordinated answers to 
new questions posed by the Orthodox clergy 
and laity, as well as by growing inter-dmrch 
relations, prompted an initiative by the 
Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, 
which has primacy of honour, for a Grand 
Council of the Orthodox Churches as a sequel 
to the ecumenical synods of the first 
milleniiim after ChrisL 

The Orthodox recognize only the first seven 
of the 20 ecumenical councils. The eighth 
council which confirmed the schism in 869. 
can be ratified as such only by the next council 

Representatives from the 14 Orthodox 
patriarchates and autocephalous churches 
have so far held three preparatory rounds to 
consider essential issues and formulate coni' 
mon positions which the grand council would 
be invited to ratify without much deliberation. 

At their last meeting in Cbambesy, near 
Geneva, the Orthodox representatives set new 
criteria for fasting, defined policy on the 
dialogue for Christian unity and ecumenical 

relations, and outlined the Orthodox view on 
world peace, race relations and human rights. 

They agreed, for instance, that each church 
would be free to set its own rales on fisting 
within the limits established by earlier 
ecumenical councils. The Russian Church 
opposed revision probably because of its 
diffi culty in communicating with the faithful 
by means other than the pulpit. 

The Orthodox churches reaffirmed their 
determination to pursue their dialogue with 
other Christian denominations, as well as 
within the World Council of Churches, .but 
condemned the ordination erf women as well 
as proselytism, for long the main points erf 
friction with the Western churches. 

Other essential issues to be tackled at the 
next two pre-synodal conferences indude the 
Orthodox diaspora, the criteria fin church 
autonomy and the order of precedence of the 
Orthodox churches. 

The Chambesy meeting was attended by 
representatives from the ancient patriarchates 
of Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch 
(Syria), and Jerusalem; the patriarchates , of 
Moscow, Serbia, Romania and Bulgaria; and 
the autocephalous churches of Georgia; Cy- 
prus, Greece, Poland, Czechoslovakia and 
Finland. Together they have a fallowing of 
about 1 50 million people. 



Founding father of IATA 

unit: iKUnvf CR He had been DrevioosW constituted &F- 


Environmental Cleaners* 

The annual ladies dinner of the 
Environmental Cleaners' Com- 
pany was held at Painters* Hall 
on Saturday. Lady Porter, Mas- 
ter. presided, assisted by Mr 
Brian Barclay. Senior Warden, 
and Mr Alan Berry, Junior 
Warden. Mr Eric Green and Sir 
Godfrey Taylor, Chairman of 
the London Residuary Body, 
also spoke. 

Japan Society 

Sir Julian Ridsdale. MP, enter- 
tained members of the Japan 
Society at dinner in the House of 
Commons on Saturday. The 
principal guests were Mr Patrick 
Jenirin, MP. and Mrs Jenkin, Mr 
S. Saba and Mr Y. Wakumoto. 
Among others present were the 
Ambassador of Japan, president 
of the society, and Mme 
Yamazairi. and Sir Hugh 
Cortazzi, chairman, and Lady 

Royal College of Obstetricians 

and Gynaecologists 

Professor Sir Malcolm 
Macnaughton, President of the 
Royal College of Obstetricians 
and Gynaecologists, and Lady 
Macnaughton. received the 
guests at the annual dinner of 
ibe college held on Friday, 
November 21. Earl Jellicoe, fee 
principal guest, proposed the 
toast of the college, to which the 
president replied- Dame Alison 

Aioten RAOC. lo be CO Trg Bn * 
Depot RAOC. 24.11.86: E L Barrett 
RCT. lo be Comd Tpt & MOV HQ 
LcmdlsL 24.1 1.86) G J Barrett R 

Sloiais. lo be CO 22 Sg RegL 
24:11.86: s A Coitman R Stawis. 10 
be CO 38 Sta Re* 24.11.867 

iLondWT). 16 4 87: j McKerfuvie. Staff 
of FOF3. 13.6.87: P J SlRimomts. 
Staff of FONAC. 31.^87: A J S 

Taylor. mirepM. 15.4.87: C O Train. 
MOD t London Jl 5.5.87: T E Woods. , 
stair Of caw see (London Area). 

COMMANDERS: 8 Shaw. 25.1.87: E 
While. 17 1.87 

The Army 

Awrt. 29.11.86: M R 1 Constantine. in 
be Comd 8 In f Bde. 28.11.86: P E 
Woodey. to be Comd 24 ml Bde: 
27.11.86: J J J Phipps, to be Comd 11 

Armd Bd 26-11.86- „ _ 

3-12-86: W I C DobUe. 3 Armd Dlv. 
28.11.86: K J W Goad. COD 
Oonrinoton. 24.ii.8fi 

General Sir Thomas Monmy tale RA. 
11 .11.86; MajorComi J Creobey 
tale RA, Mator-OencnijTi 
Palmer tale REME. 27.11.86: Brtm- 
etter C J Lee late RRW. 30.1 
Colonel HEP Coney Me QDG. 
1 - 12 . 86 . 

Royal Air Force 

RAF Cottesmore as Sin Cdr. 28.11.86: 
R C Humuinonon to RAF Brawdy as 
S6 Cdr. 28 11.86: J Mackey to RAF 
IDHT. 24.11.86. 

HQ AFSOUTH. 28.11.86: A V B 
Hawken lo RAF Hoaingoa. 28.11.86: 
QMS OsweU to MOD CVE. 28. 1 1.86c 
P L Movies lo HQSTC. 28.11.86: J C 
nut to HQ 18 CD. 28-11.86: t P G 
Loughborough to MOD. 24.11.86: M 
S Taylor to RAF Staff CofiL 23.11.86: 
J D TraMer 10 HQ 11 Go. 24.11.86: 
A S Blunt to KOSTC, 24.11.86; B G 
Bale IO HQ AFNORTH. 24.11.86: W 
D M Fletcher to MOD. 24.11.86; J L 
Robinson lo RAF Swlnderby. 
17.1106; A B Clark to HQSTC. 
17.11.86: m C J OoDen eHe to Navy 
DepL 17.11.86. 

Service dinner 

Royal Glouce ste r s hire Hussars 
The Duke of Beaufort, Honor- 
ary Colonel of the Royal 
Gloucestershire Hussars, pre- 
sided at the biennial dinner held 
at Badminton yesterday. 



Lady Traherne 

The Lord Lieutenant for Sooth 
Glamorgan and the High Sheriff 
were present at a service of 
thanksgiving for the life and 
work of Lady Traherne held in 
I Jandaff Cathedral on Saturday. 
The Bishop of 1 Jandaff pro- 
nounced the blessing and the 
Dean of Llandaff officiated. 

Lady Merthyr and Canon 
Geoffrey Rees read thr lessons 
and the Right Rev Derrick. 
Childs gave an address. The 
Lord Mayor of Cardiff and the 
Chairman of South Glamorgan 
County Council also attended. 

Professor Dame Helen Gardaer 
A memorial service for Profes- 
sor Dame Helen Gardner was 
held on Saturday at the Univer- 
sity Church of St Mary the 
Virgin, Oxford. The Rev Brian 
Mountfoid officiated. Mis M. i 
Moore, Principal of St Hilda's ! 
College, and Mr D.M. Stewart. 
Principal of Lady Margaret 
Hall, read the lessons and Mr 
J.B. Bam borough. Principal of 
Linacre College, gave an 

Sir Norm— Ch es t er 
The Vice-Chancellor of Oxford 
University was represented by 
Lord Blake, Provost of The 
Queen's College, Oxford, at a 
memorial service for Sir Nor- 
man Chester held on Saturday 
at the University Church of St 
Mary the Virgin. Oxford. 

Deaconess Helen Ctmliffe, 
Cha plain of Nuffield College, 
officiated. Dr A.F. Madden and 
Mr Michael Brock, Warden of 
Nuffield College, read the les- 
sons. Dr David Butler gave an 
address and the Rev Robert 
Brown led the prayers. Mr 
Richard Faulkner, Deputy 
Chairman of the Football Trust, 
Mr Jack Dunnet, representing 
the Football Leagire, and Mr 
Ted Croker, Secretary of the 
Football Association, were 
among those present. 

irtfe teach them how to tie their shoes and 

Every year, 14,000 people in this country 

go blind. Their first reaction is often despair, cross the street again. 

RNIB's response is help. Finally, we can help them find a new job 

We help them begin their lives again, so that they can regain their independence, 
starting with lessons on shaving, dressing and To carry on this work we depend entirely 

making a cup of tea. upon your donations. 

You can donate to RN1B by using Access or Visa -phone Sheila Buffer on (Of) 388 1268 during office hours. ESI IS 

BoxNo.TM3, 224 Great Portland Street, London W1N6AA. 



Mr RMJ. Bach 

tod Miss SJ>. Dawson 

The engagement is announced 

between Henry Michael James, 
ftrfer son of Mr and Mxs M.E. 
Birch, of Palmers Cross Farm, 
Tettcnhall, Staffordshire, and 
Shirley Diane, only daughter of 
the late Mr R.G Dawson and 
Mrs O.M. Dawson, of Great 
Street Fanh, Trimley St Mary, 
Ipswich, Suffolk. 

Mr CD. Ceverley 
and Miss K.L George 
The engagement is announced 
between Give, only son of Mr 
and Mrs DA Coverley, of The 
Conifers, Newport Pagnell, 
B uckingham hi re . and Karen, 
elder daughter of Mr and Mrs 
P AJ. George, of Emoh Ruo, 
Waven dO II, Wnttfciwfl hn wn«h«H ». 

Mr S. Gubbay 
and Mile V. Altman 
The engagement is announced 
between Solly, son of Mr and 
Mrs E Gnbbay, of Cape Town, 
formerly of Manchester, and 
Vfaonique, only daughter of M 
and Mme J. Altman, of St 
Cloud, Paris. 

Mr AJ.HamBtsn 
and Min LJ1 Barrie 
The engagement is announced 
between Adrian James, son of , 
Mr and Mrs Duncan Hamilton, 
of Lower Arm, Rimpton, 
Somerset, and Laura Jane Isa- 
bella, younger daughter of the 
late Bryan Barrie and Mrs Bryan 
Barrie, ofEvdyn Gardens, Sw7. 

MrRJD. Jowitt 
and Mbs AA. Their 
The engagemen t is announced 
between Robin, youngest son of 
Mr and Mrs . Pfeter Jowitt, of 
; Winchester, Hampshire, and 
i Allison, elder daughter of Mr 
| and Mis Trevor D. Thew, of 
Ampfield, Hampshire. 

Mr DAE Larkins 

and Mbs CA. Mackenzie 

The en ga gement is announced 
between Derik, son of Mr W_N. 
Larkins and the late Mrs Pearl 
Larkina, of Hamilton, Strath- 
clyde. and Carol elder daughter 
of Mr and Mrs KJL Mackenzie, 
ofCakly, WirraL 

Mr NJ.S. Mills 
and Mi» J. Streeter 
The engagement is announced 
between Nigel son of Mr and 
Mrs N.A.S. Mills, of 
Windfesham. Surrey, and Jo- 
anna, daughter of Mr N-J. 
Streeter and Mis A. Streeter, of 
Cranleigh, Surrey. 

MrT. Murray 
and Miss SX James 
The engagement is announced 
between Teny, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs CLP. Murray, of 
Basildon, Essex, and Sandra, 
only daughter of Mr and Mis 
CG. James, of Walton-on- 
Tbames, Surrey. 

Mr JJS. Rkatigan 
and Miss GA- Appleton 
The engagement is announced 
between John Nicholas, younger 
son of Dr and Mrs W.B. 
Rbarigan. of Bolton, Lan- 
cashire, and Caroline, only 
daughter of the late Leonard 
Appleton and Mrs PA- Strong, 
of Chandler’s Ford, Hampshire. 

Mr R.W. Richardson 
and Mbs CM. Roberts 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, son of Mrs 
Gwen Richardson and the late 
Mr CV. Richardson, of Okl 
Hunstanton, Norfolk, and Caro- 
line, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Denis Roberts, of. Eltham, 

Mr E- St Anton 
aad Miss N.Shnlman 
The engagement is announced 
between Edward, son of the late 
Mr Roger St Anbyu and of Mrs 
L. St Aubyo, of Le Peril 
Canaricao, Le Phut du Castefla, 
Var, France, and Nicola, youn- 
ger daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Milton Shnlman, of Slg Eaton 
Square. SW1. 

MrNJ). Stevenson 
and Mrs M-R. Corbett 
The engagement is announced 
between Neil, yoo^est son of 
Wing Commander Jo Stevenson 
and the late Mrs Stevenson, of 
26 Hollow Lane, Hayfing Island, 
Hampshire, and Mary-Rose, 
only daughter of the Rev Nigel 
and Mrs O'Connor, of The 
Rectory, Corby-Glen, 
Grantham, Lincolnshire. 

this week - 

Co mmo ns 

Today (2 JO): P B Pu t wa n BID. skcDd 
rndlmL DMb wOihpub totopUB 
for 1986 and 1987. 

Tomorrow (2.3C* Coa) MWy BUL 
bccobD readin g,. 

Wadnesday I2^0k Dt b lM on OoPOX- 
flon Btoueos on he dtomiuiton and 

second rendine. 


Xs&zsssj » 

orn romi flQ. 

Wednesday Drtiato oa the arts 

and on araatmte medtdne. 

ssrssS KHOs?* 

Sir William Hildred. CB, 
QBE, FRSA, who sprat the 
firsi half of his long and 
distinguished carter as a crvfl 
se r v ant in Whitehall, and the 

second as director-general of 

the International Air Trans- 
port Association (IATA) dar- 
ing its formative years, died 
on November 2) at the age Of 

William Perdval Hfidred - 
known as Efick to lus friends - 
was born bn Joly 13, 1893, and 
educated at the Boulevard 
School, Hull, and Sheffield 
University where be read 
Economics. AT 21 he enlisted 
in the First Battalion of die 
York and Tancaster Regi- 
ment with whk* he served m 
France and at Salonika until 
invalided home in 1917. 

After convalescence, be en- 
tered the dvfl service in 191$ 
and joined the Treasury the 
following year. He was ap- 
pointed a finance officer of the 
Empire Marketing Board in 
1926, among other things 
administering grants market- 
ing research and development, 
in which he made quite a 
name for himself 

From there, in 1934* he was 
appointed head of the special 
measures branch of the Minis- 
try of Agriculture and Fisher- 
ies, to deal with agricultural 
fll brid ies and mgrirMing pmh- 

Iprag In 1935, he was made 

deputy general manager of the 
export credit guarantee de- 
partment, whictUnoughi him 
into the international field of 
finance and commerce. 

With this experience - and a 
sound, cautious, hat also in- 
novative, Yorkshire ap- 
proach, in March, 1938, he 
becamedeptdy director-gener- 
al of civil aviation under Sir 
Francis Sht-lmFrrtin^ whom 
he succeeded in 1942. 

He bad been previously 
been seconded from the Air 
Ministry, where he was sail m 
193$, to the Ministry of 

Aircraft Production and post-, 
ed to Montreal to oversee the 
bnfld-up . of RAF Ferry 


p awning bade to the Air 
Ministry ,m 1942, be was 
closely concerned with the 
BrabazoiT Committee, en- 
gaged in recommending the 
specifications of new .pos t^ 
War British transport aircraft 
and in the discussions which 
fed to the Chicago Civil 
Aviation Conference of No- 
vember-December 1944. In 
February, 1945, he was a 
member erf the British delega- 
tion to the Anglo-American 
Qvfl Aviation Conference in 
Bermuda, which resulted in 
the Bermuda AmeemenL 

At the Air Ministry before 
the war he had been associated 

with the arudua} IATA (then 
the. Inter national Air Traffic 
Association) formed in 191 9 
in afaodation with 'European 
airlines. This went into cold 
storage dining the War but 
was resuscitated, in a wider 
form, at a meeting of airline 
representatives in one of the 
thousand bedrooms of the 
Stevens Hotel during the 1944 
Chicago Conference. 

This led to a formal meeting 
in Havana of what had now 
become the International Air 
Transport Association, in 
April, 1945, at which Hildred 
was elected the first director- 
general by the unanimous 
vote of the 40 founder airlines. 

Tire new IATA emerged as a 
voluntary, non-exclusive, 

non-political asso c ia ti on of 
tire scheduled airfares of stales 
eligible to join tire Interna- 
tional CLvO Aviation Organi- 
zation (ICAO), and formally 

incorporanou ^ 

Parliament; both ICAO and W 
IATA being based in 

Between 1944 and 1966. 
Hildred steered IATA with 
skill and determination along 
a course made tmbuteatby 
tire often conflicting tfltercas 
of whai grew from 40 to 301 
airlines of more than 50 
nations. , . 

Through the years, he estab- 
lished himself as a skilful 
negotiator, a sound adminis- 
trator and as eioqaent speak- 
cr, wrap pi ng bard decisions in 
honeyed words. He created for 
IATA a manageable executive 
committee of 18 members on 
which he was. For two decades, p 
wefl supported by his great 
friend. Major J. R. McCrindle, 
latterly IATA's arbiter on 

The establishment, under 

HOdrcd, of standard tickets. 
fragg a g* checks and air 
werghbiHs, and an IATA re- 
stricted articles code of more 
than 2.000 items, achieved 
world-wide agreement. Ail 
this wax administered through 
three traffic con fe rences which 
between them covered the 

The fact that all these 
complex issues were carried 
forward with relative smooth- 
ness and general agreement 
was a tribute to HfldretT s 
diplomacy and hard work. 

He retired in 1966 and went 
to fiveai Frensbam, in Surrey, 
where he indulged his leisure 
pursuits of cycling, music and m \ 
carpentry. r 

In 1920, he married Con- 
stance Mary Chappell MB, 

ChB. who dred last year. He is 
survived by two sons and a 
daughter. | 


Mr Anwar Zalri Nosseibeh, 
perhaps the most distin- 
guished Palestinian of his 
generation, who upheld the 
moderate Palestinian cause in 
Israel, and who was also for a 
lime a Jordanian cabinet min- 
ister and Jordanian ambassa- 
dor in London, died in 
Jerusalem on November 2L 
He was 73. 

Born in 1913 into one of 
Jerusalem’s fearimg MmHm 
families, which for more than 
six hari been titular 

guardians of the Church of the 
Holy Sepulchre, he was edu- 
cated first at the Government 
Arab College in Jerusalem, 
when its principal was the 
renowned Ahmed Sameh al- 

In 1929 he was the first 
Palestinian. Arab to be sent to 
an English pnbfic school: tire 
Perse School at Cambridge. 
From there he went to 
Queens’ College, Cambridge, 
where he was captain of tire 
tennis team. He also took a 
degree in law and became a 
member of Gray’s Inn. 

Returning to Palestine he 
worked for the British Manda- 
tory Government, starting as a 

then moving to Jaffa, hi 194S 
he was sent to London to work 
in the Arab Office, but two 
years later, when hostilities 
broke out between Jews and 
Arabs in Palestine, he was 
appointed secretary of tire 
Arab National Committee 
loyal to Hay Aminal-Hussemi, 
Mufti of Jerusalem. 

A leading organizer of tire 
Arab defence of Jerusalem in 
1948, Nosseibeh suffered a 
wound which necessitated 
amputation of a leg below the 
knee. This disability did not, 
however, noticeably cramp his 
style in tire years ahead. 

When the war ended in an 
uneasy trace be was made 
secretary of the Egyptian- 
backed “Government of All 
Palestine” in Gaza. But a year 
later, when Jordan took con- 
trol of the West Bank, he 
returned to Jerusalem and 
gave his allegiance to tire 
Hashemite Kingdom. . 

He served in the Jordanian 
parliament and senate, and 
held a number of cabinet 
posts, indoding education and 
defence. lit the latter capacity 
he played an important part in 
expanding and re-equipping 
the Jordanian aimed forces in 
the mid-1950s. 

In 1961 he was appointed 
governor of Jerusalem. When, 
after serving for abonf a year, 
he was dismissed because of a 
difference of opinion with tire 
government, there woe dem- 
onstrations of protest in tire 

he served as Jordanian ambas- 
sador in London, where he 
dated tiie Palestinian case in 
reasoned and convincing 
terms. He also arranged a 
successful state visit to Britain 
by King Hussein. 

‘ After tire Six-Day War, 
when tire West Bank came 
under Israeli occupation, he 


Professor Frauds Heftier, 
OBE, who died on November 
19, at the age of S2, was one of 
the leading dermatologists of 
his day. Besides a long and 
busy career at Leeds Infirmary 
he also did useful war work in 
his field. 

Rands Findlay Heftier was 
bom on June 30, 1904, and 
educated at Moorlands 
School, Leeds; Oundle; and 
Caius College, Cambridge, 
where he tome firsts in both 
parts of the Natural Sciences 
Tripos. Instead of going to 
London, as might have been 
more fashionable, he went to 
Leeds InfirxzKuy to complete 
his Flirt trail t raining . 

Then be spent a period at 
the Brompton Hospital 
London, but returned to Leeds 
where he was senior medical 
resident officer and medical 
tutor. He is gratefully remem- 
bered by a generation ofLeeds 
gradua t es who passed through 
his hanri-B 

At this period he fell under 
the influence of : Professor 
John Ingram, who was bond- 
ing up the dermatological 
department .at Leeds. He 
opted for that speciality him- 
sd£ and studied further -at 
Guy’s, London, and with tire 
great dermatologist, Paiitrier, 
at Strasbourg. • 

In 1940 be was ajxxnxited 
dermatologist to western 
Command, with the rank of 
lieutenant-coloneL Through- 
out the war scabies was a 
scourge of troops in the field, 
and Heftier did a great deal 
through his centre at Ragiey 
Haft, to cure soldiers who 
otherwise might well have had 
to be demobilized. 

After D-Day he went to 
Normandy and remained with 
2 1st Army Group until the 
end of foe war, playing a 
considerable part in keeping 
units in combat condition. 
This was no easy task. Penicil- 
lin was scarce. Supplies were 
earmarked for serious casual- 
ties and none could be spared 
for the ravages of Am diseases 
which were damaging morale. 

. Commandeering a batch of 
out-of-date penicillin which 

was about to be destroyed. 
Heftier orated a pre parati on 
which could be used externally 
to treat the impetigo and 
sycosis which were taking 
their toft. This initiative pro- 
duced dramatic results, and 
men who would have had to 
be sent home were able to get 
back into battle within two or 
three days. 

After the war be went back 
to Leeds where, in 1959, he 
became head of tire dermatol- 
ogy department. Soon after- 
wards be was given a personal 
chair. At Leeds he established 
a reputation principally in two 
fields- He was an authority on 
industrial dermatitis, and a 
noted expert on the histopa- 
thology of the skin. 

He was a past president of 
the British Association of 
Dermatology and of the Der- 
matological Section of tire 
Royal Society of Medicine, 
and be was active on foe 
Yorkshire Regional Hospital 
Board. With Goldsmith he co- 
wrote the second edition of 
Recent Advances in 

He retried in 1969, but 
continued to visit the skin 
dqmtmeiitat Leeds, examin- 
ing slides and contributing to 
discussion on the pathology of 
various conditions He was 
also seeing private patients 
until sboruy before his death. 
He was always in demand as 
an expert medical witness at 
tribunals, .and it was while in 
Manchester for a court session 
that he died. 

Heltier was a clinical der- 
matologist of the old school 
To the very end he retained 
his vigorous intellect He was 
a voluminous reader and had 
acquired a wide knowledge in 
sutgects other than his own. 
He liked conversation, and 
could talk to most people 
about 'most tilings. He was 
also a keen sportsman and. 
continued to may golt 

He married, in 1936, Do- 
reen Denny, a leading soprano 
with the D’Oyiy Carte compa- 
ny. She died m 1974. 

He is survived by a son and 


: returned to his modest family 
t home in Jerusalem. Though 
i he declined, like other Arab 
1 lawyers, to appear in Israeli 
: courts, be continued to act as 
, . legal adviser to foe Anglican 
[ bishop. He also initiated a 
series of secret meetings be- 
tween representatives of Israel 
. and Jordan, in foe hope of 
! finding a solution to the 
l problem of the West Bank. 

Over foe next decade he i 
, became increasingly disill u- l 
. stoned by what he saw as King 
[ Hussein's lade of commitment 
, to the Palestinian cause. As a 
result be moved closer to the 
PLO, though be always op- 
[ posed violence. Probably be 
‘ and Yasser Arafat met secret- 
: ly, bat no overt meeting 
between them occurred. 

In 1979 he became chair- 
man of tire East Jerusalem 
District Electric Company, 
which was a symbol of Jorda- 
nian presence is foe city. But 
the symbolism has taken an 
unfortunate twist because the 
company is now on foe verge 
of bankruptcy 
In a recent interview 
Nosseibeh made this com- 
ment on his careen “I have the 

late or too early in ail my 
political endeavours.” His 
death has drawn eloquent 
tributes to him from Arabs 
and Jews, the latter including 
Teddy Koftek, mayor of Jeru- 

Nusseibeh is survived by 
his wife, Nuzha, and by their 
four sons and two daughters. 


Jerry Cokmna, tire Ameri- 
can comedy actor with the 
walrus moustache and bulging 
eyes, has died at the age of 82 

Born Gerakl Colonna in 
Boston, he started his career as 
a trombone player before de-^ 
riding that his zany appear-*/ 
ance and piercing voice could 
be exploited in comedy. 

He developed his talent in 
night dubs and revue, and in 
the late 1930s became a 
national figure on the Bob 
Hope radio show. 

His film career began in 
1937 and for twenty years he 
was a familiar face in music 
hall and light comedies. 

He was best known for his 
contributions to the Bob 
Hope-Bug Crosby “Road” 
pictures, including foe first in 
the series. Road to Singapore 
and foe last. Road to Hong 

ffe appeared in several oth- 
er Hope pictures, including 
tour musicals, and supplied 
the voice of the March Hare in 
the Walt Disney cartoon ver- f* 
non of Alice in Wonderland. \ 

In 1966 he was on the Bob 
Mope Christinas Show, per- 

Vtetnam° Amet ’ caa tr °0P s 

DR J.W. 

Mr Ian S. writes: 

May I supplement • your 
comprehensive obituary (No- 
vember 20) with a personal 

After the abortive armed 
nsing by Austrian Socialists in 
1934, a number of their lead- 
ers - including some of my 
mauler's former colleague - 

He told my mother at the 
time: “I have always support- 
ed your stand (hi foe Austrian 
Social Democratic Party) 
against those who advocated 
armed violence, but it is our 
duty to help them now, 
misguided though they were. 
The way things are going we 
may all need help in the years 
to come**. 

vy V&P 



vl 1 ■ ™ 'ff"W ■ ■ . i , ft i . ■ ■ i J J . T 7 ^. 

*■ 'i i * . f ! - . .T' "fr 1 1 f iff ‘if i , rj • ' _■ ■“I K^-*** ? ^ t . ' f "V- '" L* * "- 


"V to ¥ 



CAX8HKT0M - On NoyembCf X8% to 
UzxU and John, a son. Jotm Edward 
Frederick- ' 

1 FSUI- On Sunday l^Norartiff. lo 

- Jacgoi (n4e Bereus) and ffldunt. a 
T second iw da m rtangMrr. Ottvia 

TtonsUt, a sister tor AHarCtefra. 
Twm grandcttfM for PnyttB and Ml. 
. diaef Feld and s&d& granddtad tor 
Rita Benson and toe fade Professor 
Rowland Benson. - 

■ HASKELL - On November ISth. at 
Qaeen fitkry'* Roetmptoa. to Sue 
BattH-sby) and Charles. a nan. 
Mattbew Janes Lane. 

HEWSGN - On November I2ttiatThe 
Westminster. London, to PhBten 
and Adam, a son. Ruary James 
Kershaw. . 

M OB O mUM B - On November 
20th. to Era and Dave, a daugnter. 
Grace, a sister toe Sadie. EUe am 

PEARSON -. On November ; 2J*L to 
London, to Rachel, (hto Mtebefl) and 
Mark, a son. Theo John, a brother 
i for Ben- 

SlOPTOltD - On Nowmber 2iil In 

- London, to Sandra aide Hamms aM 

Robert, a son Bezdatnto Chartte. a 
brother for Joshua. 

toft-chustensem - on 2 ist no- 
verabo-. at toe Aberdeen Rom 
infirmary, to nna and Jesper, a 
danghto-. Victoria nteMh 
WCHDB - On Novenher 19th 1966. 
at toe Portland Hospital. London, to 
puma and Tony, a son. Harry 
• diaries Pbflto. 


BAOBIUOSE oo November 19th. 
tragtcaOy to a motor accident, jbi 
.. aged 21 . adored daughter of fiffl and 
Mary and much loved twto eater of 
JuKe. sadly tntaaed'bsr ah her family 
and many Mends, emedmly CJ. Fu- 
- nerai service *1 St Mwgum. 
. Feraburst OB Thursday November 
271)1 si 2 pm.' AS flown and enauL 
lies to L F Union & Son. Mktouret 
' ' 3264. . ' 

BELLAMY - on Sunday November 
16 th 1966 MartoEHaabeto 
Kathartna Pranrisfca. LLM 
RechtsanwaRIn. aged 43 years, deep, 
iy loved . and - mourned -by 
ChristootHr. Mutt. Hans and many 
friends. Funeral arrangements pri- 
vate. Requiem Man at 130 pm on 
Saturday November 29th d Farm 
Stmt Domestic. ChapeL 114 Mount 
Street. London wi. 

BLACKDM - on November Jim 1986 
at BrankMine Park. Brigadier Cotta 
Frederick BUckden. lam The South 
Wales Borderers, husband of toe late 
Barbara Btackden. Funeral service 
Wednesday November 260 i 12.00 

POOP al B pMHW tt OMnatorinm ' 

Please no fldwenr but donatoms in 
Ms memory tor Help toe Aoed may 
be sent to Dertc-Scoo. Portman 
Lodge Funeraa Home. 76» Christ- 
dnarit RoatL-Boamemiait^ 

BOTDELL - On 20Ui Nmnw. sud- 
denly. Ttnwthy GB.. Beloved 
husband of Audrey and father of 
PbMp . . 

FINCH - On Friday November 2l»L D. 
Eileen Finch (bee Evans) widow of 
Frank L. Finch af Stanstod. Essex 
- and darting mother of GUBin and 
OTOdraotberof Melanie and David. 
Cremation private. 

FRASER - On November 20111 . peace- 
fully at toe' Seabowne Nursing 
Home. Southpoume. Vtohd Evriyne 
Smart aoed 91 . Dearly kwed amu. 
mourned by ho* nephews and niecis. 
Private cremation. Memorial Service 
to be held at St MdtaeFs Orach. 
Sotoor. near ChrfstOmrch; at 5pm 
on Saturday December OttL-Moflow- 



I| j 


GERMAN LAWYER 04.27), non «w*tr. 
toLmon. mm January to Ame 87. on 
w* fnii o c l l rsHwsno. seeks com- 
foraue man. In private Iwom m 
naytog buck, iNttiiuiiui arm vre- 
toHf. Ktooy write: note) 
wagoning. HmObrnmnem 3B. 09*1 
AMEoliioUi 1. West Germany. 



4AFTAM Oka South is fiB ysare eld 
today. .. 


j ! | j j k ■ ) 

1 1 yC , 



More kwnod flight* via one rouia 

10 <t y fif u rin pf 

dan any 0160 - agency 


• Fan, open, tu g lKc c h t o v ic c 
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• up to 60% discounts 

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The Tmvcflcn Tranf Centre 
42-48 Ewb Coen Road 
London W 8 fiE) 

Lons-Haid 01-603 1315 
Ecrope/USA 01-937 3400 
IS/BtsiiKfii 01-938 3444 
Govemmest Licemed/Baoded 

1 1. 

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;; . M. 1 ' 1 ■ ? 7 . " j" ri . iT y V > . -4 

rrr\ vr.w.liir 

: i r , ' , . t i : i , ftw h ' .* ia 1 1 

H O O K E - A Memorial Thaimdgmng 
Stovice for tba tale Captrin Geoffrey 
' T. Brooke or. Knodemran. Elton. Oo 
.Uuurlck. wm beJirid In St Agnes* 
QtunSi. Buy Road. Newmarket 
-Suffolk cm Sunday November -30th 
at 12-50 pm. 

BOROOW A Me m os tol Service for Mm 
Odd Gorton. foOownd by toe totav 
meat of ber ashes, wffltafce Place al 
Emberton Ftottsh Church on Sahara 
day 15to OecemPcc at 12 noon. 

I ACT R CH A BX - NKhotaaKuBb. F3A. 
FR HM Sl. died 24fh Nowmber 
Z98& aoed 52 years. UncompUtitao 
be bore a hMonfl burden. Remem- 
bered wBh afnectkm eapectaBy today. 

KNtMN - WHHanL cbdbonder of 
Louden Typoomhfcad Desfgners 
Ud. A toank sgl v taB service is ar- 
ranged if St Brtdei. Fleet Street- at 
12 noon, on Thursday. December 4. 
BOTs relatives. Mends and business 
a sax t ae s wm be wricome. ‘ 


ADCOTT- READ OH November 23nf 
1946. at Holy Trinity CalhedraL 
Shang HaL fan to Gladys. Now at 
West CUtttogbm Sussex. 

Science report 

Vulcan laser success 
for Rutherford team 

■ By Pearce Wrigbt, Sdewre Edito* .' 

Major advances in laser a- peratare ins fraction oTasectn 
search, with important app- by more than Ten nuUion d 

search, with important app- 
lications in areas as diverse as 
cbemicaJ synthesis, surgery, 
microchip manufactore and bid- 
logical probes, have been over- 
shadowed by the controversy of 
, Sar Wars technology. 

' The mention of X-ray lasers 
raises ibe piaure of tbe device 
being developed for the Ameri- 
can military at the Lawrence 
Livermore Laboratory, in 
California. It involves a way of 
focusing the energy from a 
nuclear explosive to .create a 
beam weapon to be based on a 
platform in space for destroying 

But there is a different way of 
generating usefiJ X-ray laser 
beams. It come in what is 
described as “an important 
breakthrough in' laser physics'', 
by the annual report of the 
Science and Engineering Re- 
search Council;. 

The devefopruem was ach- 
ieved at the Rutherford Apple- 
ton Laboratory, near Oxford, 
done in collaboration with re- 
search teams from Hull and 
Belfast universities, and Im- 
perial Coil«c London. • 

Tbe advance depended on 
using a very jjowerftd . laser, 
called Vuican. in the flra pdace. 
but that machine, which de- 
pends on stimulating a material 
containing neodymium, pro- 
duces a traditional font) of laser 
beam of intense light. 

However foie scientists have' 

perfected a way of obtaining si* 
laser beams from tbe aquip-: 
mem. The beams arc focused on 

peratare in a fraction ofa second 
■ by more tharr Ten million dOr 
. grees centigrade. . ■_ 

- When the target is a fibre of 
carbon, seven microns (a mil- 
lionth of a metre) in diameter 
and just over .one centimetre 
long, it vaporises. In an instant 
before it disperses, aTOttaanio* 
second (a nanosecond is one 
. billionth of a second) pulse of 
pure X-ray is entined from the 
carbon while - it is in a momen- 
tary state as plasma. • 

In biological research, foe 

pulse of X-ray provides a probe 
to look at, the microscopic 
structures inside plant and ani- 
mal cells, that , cannot be seen 
any other way. 

The fHta are placed on a shoe 
that is coated,, with an X-ray 
sensitive material; No -staining 
or other preparations of the cells 
arc needed.. Although foe burst 
of X-ray gives a lethal dose of 
radiation to foe . cells, die 
appearance of foe living speci- 
men is- recorded, with unprece- 
dented resolution because foerc 
is no time for any change- m 
morphology to take place-. - 

, After , the exposure, an image 
. is- obtained on .foe slide with a 
resolution better than one hunr 
drcd nanometres, which may 
fote be- examined at high mag- 
nification with a microscope. / 

conjectured but- for which there 
iras been no. direct evidence 
until now. - . ' • ‘ 

Source: Report of tiur Science \ 
and Engineering - Research 


584 3285 



Outstanding beautifully 
decorated house with S/6 
bedrooms, 3 bathrooms, 3/4 
reception rooms, idicben, 
cloakroom, utility room, garden 
and roof terrace. Thoroughly 
recommended. £ 1 800 per week 


Newly decorated excellem 
house with 6 bedrooms, 3 
bathrooms, 3/4 receptions, 
kitchen. £1SQ0 per week 


Beautiful double fronted 
UNFURNISHED Knkhtsbridge 
bouse on only 3 floors, 
completely redecorated to a very 
high standard with 4/5 
bedrooms, 3 bathrooms. 2/3 
receptions, kitchen and large roof 
terrace. £1000 per week 


Enchanting Belgravia house good 
for entertaining with 3 
bedrooms bathroom, shower 
room. 3 reception rooms and a 
son room and -lovely garden. 
£1000 per week 




Excellent delightfully decorated 
flat with 1 bedrooms 3 
bathrooms 4 reception rooms 
and Itiidiea. £700 per week 



S.W.7. * 

Newly done up, bright, light 
small house with 3 bedrooms 2 
bathrooms 2/3 reception rooms 
khebeu and small terrace. 

£600 per week 


Newly decorated cottage with 
pretty garden and with 2 
bedrooms, 2 good receptions 

rooms bathroom and kitchen. 
£550 per week 




Pretty light 2nd floor flat with 2 
bedrooms reception, kitchen 
and bathroom. £220 per week 



S.W.1 1. 

Very conveniently located 
attractive flat with 1 bedroom, 
reception, Ititchen and bathroom. 
£130 per week 

Fusty IlnMlcL 9 b a nuuona. hugr 
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may luted utmen/ morning roan. 5 
mins Regents Pork. IO nans Oxford ar- 
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lei Tel 02 456 3682 



In attractive quiet col de os a fully 
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with balcony, attracti ve din ay. mora- 
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bmk&g nn, 2 beds 2 baths, Co Let 
1-2 years prel £M0 pw. 

Home 01 603 5461/ 
Office 01 409 2299 


SOI nr nat wvtng kwriy teory Views 
of Hyde Park in prestige period 
block. 2 dMe beds. 2 baths 
2 reaps, eacekent kitchen. 
£SSO pw tor a tong let. 


Well furnished recommended flat 
to elegant conversion. Quiet 
posttkm )usl off the Brampton Rd. 

1 dble bed. ensutte bath, reap A 
kitchen £200 pw for a long let 

01-581 7646 

mac or canwrn angni a bed. gantm 
cut. new conventon. gas CH. d /washer, 
l/dryo-, wash. m/c. m/wave, fr /freezer 
Me. Shun or Iona Kt. CUAm Tet 
Ol 3S2 1690 « Ol 581 O50O 

Batata com nr Henfay-on-TtaOMs. a 
M (urnuiied ronaot with river riews. 
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mo. 0491 671326 

fl <Wi>M Lus turn flat. Nr tube. 1 dble 
bed. Lnge. dm ran. cot TV. wash me. CH. 
£120 pw. From mid Dec. Min 4 moths. 
Co M pref . Ol 248 6444 ox 3SUOJ Ol 
676 621 OH). 

< Tkta B. Nr St- I Bed hat Sat. New dee. 
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W2 Near Hyde Park. Luxury 2 double bed 
flaL tor 3 to 12 monUw. cotoor TV. 
Phone. HouUetoBHd. serviced. In excel- 
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F W SAPP (Management Service*) Ltd re- 
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KEN8WOTOH. Unfurnished 3 beds. 2*1 
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American kit Bat In grange Hoc* with 
parage- Palace Properties ot-086 8926 

LARKS MOUtX Unfurnished. Hendons 
Rd. v/2. 5 Bml 5 rec. S.W. MDg Cda. 
Alarmed. £600 pw tor £620 pw wtth 1 
bed staff Hat) Tel Ol 727 2110 

STB MOSmaTON wm. UMque mews 
hse. spadoas gaBety r eception. 2 
bedrms ww * shower rm. Call 
Realty 01-681 0012 

W2. Modern mews boose. Three beds. 
Two baths. Recep. ran area. Kit. Ga- 
rage- Co let pref. From Jan 1st. £260 
PW. Ten 01-938 1931 (daytime). 

AVAILABLE NOW Luxury Bats • houses 
£200 - £1.000 ner -week. Tet Tnnumi 
681 5136. 

BLOtAVU 2 bed dal. munac condB. 

nun 6 months. Company let. £528 pw. 
' Tel: Ol 434 0779. 

L tower bridge Luxury 2 bed flat 
over iootkimi the warn, nr rube. £100 
pw. TO Ol 266 0427. pm or w/end. 


. Prince Cons ort Road. 

South Kensington. SW7 
NOTICE Is hereby given Hut the ONE 
CCNOIAL MEETING of toe Corporation 
wui be betd ai the College on Mondon ism 
December 1986. at 343 to receive a Re- 
port and Statement or Accounts from me 
cooncu and to transact other bustness. 

Deled 1 4th November 1986 
davd McKenna 



ContiraRd os page 27 

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•TS — 



F^*’r ; 

RAF helicopter plucks 28 crew to 

Rescue revives 
demands for 
sinking inquiry 


for book on M15 

British marine investigators 
(lew to Ireland yesterday to 
discover why the crew of the 
Kowloon Bridge had to be 
rescued in high seas off Cork. 
Twenty-eight people were 
winched to safety in darkness 
and force II winds from the 
iron ore carrier by RAF Sea 

King helicopters. 

The 54,000-ton Kowloon 
Bridge, registered in Hop 
Kong, is a aster ship to the 
Derbyshire, which sank 
mysteriously in toe Pacific m 

1700 null LU v n»» v* -r* — — 

As the Kowloon Bridge 
wallowed near the Fastnet 
Rock yesterday with her 
160,000-ton cargo, campaign- 
ers for a public inquiry into toe 
Derbyshire suggested similar- 

two British-built ships. 

The crew of a third ship in 
the same Swan Hunter dass, 
toe Tyne Bridge, had to be 
rescued in the North Sea. 

Yesterday’s rescue began 
after two helicopters had flown 
from RAF Brawdy in Wales to 
Cork airport in preparation for 
the possible rescae of the aew 
of a Spanish fishing vesse l late 
on Saturday night They wore 
working with an RAF Nimrod, 
helping toe Irish authorities, 
which hare no helicopters with 
a night flight capacity. 

In less than two hours the 
helicopters, working above 20- 
foot waves, lifted oat 25 crew, 
two shipping company of- 
ficials and an Irish surveyor. 

Flight Lieutenant Tony 
Geare said: “There were fierce 
thunderstorms and the mods 
initially were gnsting at 60 
knots. Our choppers took 14 
each off toe tanker, bat luckily 
there was no panic on board. 
One iff my winchmen brake a 
hand daring toe operation.” 

The ship put into Bantry 
Bay a week ago on ho- way 
firms Canada to Scotland She 
had developed suspected hull 
damage and a marine SHT- 

By Stewart Tendter 

estigatoss veyor, acting on behalf of the 
terday to Hong Kong government, was 
ew of the sent from toe Department of 
id to be Transport in London, 
off Cork. week, toe Kowloon 

je were was allowed to sail, bat 

da"™*® she developed steering prob- 
lems only 10 utiles from 
RAh oea Bantry Bay and began to take 

__ water in the high seas. Close to 

Kowloon midnight on Saturday she 
m Hong ca ]] ef j f OT help and the rescue 
W to^the beggn. 

Pacific in As toe report of toe tost 

t c 

• „ . v.^4 

t. t.J* ; i 

X , *■ ■" £*&*■ ' ^ 

— ^ _ "gr :4 


terday officials left London, 
a gain on behalf of the Hong 
Kong authorities. 

A government report on the 
Derbyshire this year sng- v 
gested that more “consul- \ 

given” to the design of a vital * 
intersection of main parts of 1 
toe hulL 

. Mr Roger Stott, Labour's 
transport spokesman, said: 

“All the sister ships have 
suffered serious structural 
difficulties and we argued 
there was a strong case for a 
full public inquiry. I received 
the reply just last Tuesday Night flight Flying Officer Andy Crawford (left); Sergeant 
that the Department of Trans- Lieutenant Tony Geare; and Sergeant David 

port felt tome was no need to 
bold an inquiry. Within half* 
aa-hoar of receiving that let- 
ter, I beard that the Kowloon 
Bridge had pat into Bantry 
Bay with serious structural 

Senior officials of toe Na- 
tional Union of Seamen, and 
Nmnast, toe union of marine 
officers, said they would also 
push for an inquiry. The NUS 
said four iff toe six ships had 
suffered cracks across, the 
deck in (rout of the bridge. 

Mr Alex Marsh, joint 
managing director iff Swan 
Hunter, said: **We don't know «£&[£•£ 
what tbe details are yet and we *“ rrT "■ ” 
have no comment to make 
There was no comment from 
Zodiac Maritime Agencies, 
which ran the Kowloon Bridge. 

Two killed in cliff fall 

A teenage boy and girl 
plunged to their deaths from 
cliffs at Penally, near Tenby, 
in West Wales yesterday. 

Their bodies, roped to- 
gether, were recovered from 
the sea by the crew of a Sea 
King rescue helicopter from 
RAF Chivenor m North 

The crew of the Tenby 
lifeboat had been unable to 
reach the pair because of 
rough sea conditions. The boy 
and girl, in their late teens, are 
thought to have fallen while 
trying to climb the cliffs near 
the Penally Army ranges. 

They had not been identi- 
fied last night 

Back on dry land: The crew of the carrier Kowloon Bridge at Cork Airport yesterday 

Cbntznned from page 1: 

schild, who knew both of; 

th ^m. 

During Ins trip to Britain,' 
Mr Wright is also understood 
to have visited iris son. Al- 
though Mr Pincher would not 
confirm it. The Trmaimdep. 
anwk that Lord Rothschild 
telephoned him and arired if 
be would Skc to meet some- 
one who wanted to expose 
MI5 traitors. . 

When the two men met, Mr 

Wright was nervous. Ife said 
his M15 pension was only 
£2.000 a year and he des- 
perately needed £5,000 to 
p r ev en t his stud farm is 

T ftmsnia from folding. 

Mr Pincher went to Tasma- 
nia in October 1980 and spent 
two weeks with him. He said 
the former MI5 man revealed 
to hkn an “Aladdin’s cave” of 
secret information. 

Mr Pincher said yesterday: 
*T toM Wright he could re- 
ceive no money until a con- 
tract had been sagoed when he 
would get his half-share of the 
no rmal advance payment-” 
Six weeks before the book urns 

published in March 1981, Sir 
Robert Armstrong, toe Cabi- 
net Secretary, now the 
Government’s main witness 
in toe Sydney court case, got 
his hands on a copy of Thar 

Trade is Treachery. * 

Emile out 
Flight) after coup 

Cfentined from page 1 

clique in the armed forces is 
widely rumoured to have been 
behind die plan. 

Neither Mrs Aquino nor 
General Ramos directly 
lmimri Mr Entile to the un- 
usual movement late Saturday 
night of “six or seven 
truckloads” of heavily-armed 
civilians to the ' defence 

Two other truckloads of 
armed plain dothed men later 
went to the house of a former 
pro-Marcos member of par- 
liament where plans were 
discussed to reconvene the 
dissolved National Assembly 
•and install Mr Emile as Prime 
Minis ter. 

The assembly had pro-: 
claimed Mr Marcos winner of 
the February election, but one 
month after a civilian backed , 
mili tary revolt installed Mis 
Aquino in power, it was 
abolished. Mrs Aquino said 
most ministers who attended 
the emergency cabinet session 
had resigned arid the remain- 
ing resignations were expected 

S °° n * Key faces, page 10 

Even though Sir Robert had 
read tire book, he wrote to Mr 
Armstrong, of Sdgwick & 
Jackson, in March 1981, force 
days before publication. To ask 
for; two copies to he sent to 
hint so that Mis Margaret 
Thatcher could he in a pos- 
ition to make a statement in 
the House. ' 

Sir Robert wrote in his 
tetter “The request is not 
made with a vfew to seeking to 
prevent or delay pubfcation 
and 1 can assure you that we 
shall not do sQi”.. 

Sir Micbad Havers, toe 
Attorney General had de- 
rided against serving an 
injunction because toe book 
was written by a journalist and 
not by-a for mer member of 
MI5. Whk be did. not know, 
presumably, was that Mr 
Wright had handed over chap- 
ters of his own book to Mr 

In the Sydney court case, 
Mr Malcolm TurnbuHihe de- 
fence counsel fas tried to link 
Mr Pinchers book with Mr 
Wright’s as yet unpublished 
book. The Spy Catcher, and to 
highlight toe different atti- 
tudes zo each shown by foe 

Last night. Lord RotoscfaDd 
could not be contacted for 




Tokyo (Reuter) - Japanese 
troops massacred more' than 
400 villagers on an Indonesian 
ishmddurmg toe Second 
World War, and their com- 
mander later falsified his re- 
port to avoid war crime 
charges, according to toe 
mass-circulation daily. Asaki 

The paper said that a village 
chief on Babar island killed a 
Japanese civilian attached to 
the navy and two other Japa- 
nese after an argument in 
October 1944. 

Japanese occupation troops 
ih^n killed or captured 100 of 
about 400 villagers. The rest 
. surrendered but were toot to 

The paper said that Mr 
Tomio Taketomi, aged 68, a 
student of war history from 
Honami, in southern Japan, 
had obtained an original and 
two falsified reports. 

It quoted the unidentified 
commander, now aged 65, as 
saying that the final repost, 
designed for presentation to 
the Dutch Army, had helped 
those involved to escape 
punishment as war criminals. 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Queen and the Duke of 
Edinburgh visit Harrow School 

The Duke of Edinburgh, Se- 
nior Fellow of the Fellowship of 
Engineering, attends the New 
Fellows dinner at Apothecaries’ 
Hall 7.30. 

Queen Elizabeth the Queen 
Mother attends the Royal Vari- 
ety Performance at the Theatre 
Royal Drury Lane. 7.50. 

Princess Anne visits Mailing 
and Evans Clothing Mill at 
Sionehouse, Gloucestershire, 

The Duchess of Gloucester, 
Patron of the Foundation for the J 
Study of Infant Deaths (Cot 
Death Research and Support). 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,211 


I Feudal tenure in Birkenhead 
initially, no longer available 

4 The red-legged partridge, a 
native of Mitiiie, perhaps 

(9) . 

9 He may tell of charaden 
made to run race (9). 

10 Course for the sharp- 
sighted, do we hear? (5). 

II Transform cheap vegetable 

< 6 >. 

12 A godly system being su- 
perior, they embrace it (8). 

14 Foolish woman taken in by 
relative, a railway pioneer 

(10) . 

16 Can this work identify a 
star? (4). 

19 Lloyd George, say, giving 
attention to his party (4). 

20 Fur -making part of face 
cold, according to some? 

22 Sort of bank in toe forest 


23 Delight in taking exercise 
round foe fields (6). 

26 Tall pointed hat seen with 
German soldiers (5). 

27 Unseemliness upset one 
modem copper (91 

28 No flowers to plant here 
among the ferns? (9). 

29 American saloon in Ar- 
dennes (Si 


1 Woodman detailed to ac- will j 

cept volunteers in antitipa- 

bon (9). next S 

2 Statuette needing very large 

transporter? (5). 

Concise Crossword page 15 

3 Through which one may see 
a Pole airborne? (8). 

4 Generous payment — 

Roundhead's captured (4). 

5 Burrow sure to be thus im- 
movable (5-5). 

6 Sounds like one retailing a 
stock of wine (6). 

7 Bad pun, 1 claim, relating to 
local government (9). 

8 Interfering upset foe old boy 

13 Delightful work for a 

15 How Jack Worthing viewed 
his importance? (9). 

17 Politician shows ship master 
round the Gallery (9). 

18 Church woman's drinking- 
vessels (8). 

21 A serviceman of his stripe, 
roughly (6). 

22 Rich firm about to fence in 
motorway (5). 

24 Sharp-tongued accountant 
rising to make 4 dn (5). 

25 To whom a pert young 
woman -lost her bead? (4). 

Solution to Fizzle No 17,210 

The solution 
of Saturday’s 
Prize Puzzle 
No 17,210 
will appear 
next Saturday 

attends the annual meeting at 15 
Bdgrave Square. 5.55. 

Prince Michael of Kent, 3S 
president, attends the Kennel 
Club dinner. 7.30. 

Princess Michael of Kent 
visits the St Giles Monday Cub, 
Oxford. 1 1.30. 

New Exhibitions 

Exhibition at the Oxford Gal- 
lery, 23 High Street, Oxford, 10 
to 5 except Sundays (ends Dec 

Photographic exhibition by 
Fay Godwin, Pizza Margherita. 
Moor Lane, Manchester, 8. 

Work by John Knapp-Fishcr, 
Niccoi Centre, Cirencester, Moa * 
to Fri 9.30 to 4.30. Sat 10 to 

12.30 (ends Dec 31). 

Exhibitions in progress 

Raku ceramics by Anna Noel 
Beaux Arts. York Street. Bath, 
Mon to Fri 10 to 5. 

A Reputation amongst Art- 
ists: Norwich School of Art, St 
Georges Street, Norwich, Mon 
to Sat 10 to 5 (ends Dec 10). 

Contemporary Afro-Carib- 
bean art Cartwright Hail Lister 
Park, Bradford, Tue to Sun lOto 
5 (ends Jan 4). 

Don't Trust foe Label; Copies 
and Originals; York City Art 
Gallery. Exhibition Square. 
York; Man to Sat 10 to 5. Sun 

2.30 to 5 (ends Dec 7). 

100 Years of Guernsey Muse- 
ums: Guernsey Museum & Art 
Gallery, Cartdtc Gardens, St 
Peter Port. Guernsey: Mem to 
Sun 10.30 to 4.30 (ends Jan 4 


Births: Benedict de Spinoza, 
philosopher. Amsterdam, 1632; 
Laurence Sterne, novelist. Clon- 
mel, Co Tipperary, 1713; 
Zachary Taylor, 12th president 
of the* USA 1849-50, Orange 
County, Virginia- 1784; Henri 
de Toulouse- Laa tree, Albi, 
France. 1864. 

Deaths: John Knox, Edin- 
burgh. 1572; William Lamb. 
2nd viscount Melbourne, prime 
minister 1834, 1835-41. Hat- 
field, Herts. 1848; Robert Er- 
skioe Childers. Irish nationalist 
and writer (The Riddle of the 
Sands), executed, Dublin, 1922; 
Georges CTeuwocean, prime 
minister of France 1917-20, 
Paris, 1929. 


Midlands: Al: Contraflow in 
operation at Great Ponton near 

Wales and West A33: Vari- 
ous restrictions and delays a; 
Ashley Roundabout between 
Ringwood and Wimbomc. Dor- 

Scotland: A96: Sewer repairs 
west of Aberdeen Airport en- 
trance. temporary signals in 
operation, expect delays. A9: 
Construction work continues on 
the Perth Western bypass, lane 
closures on hoth carriageways. 
A 94: Bypass construction 
continues north of Forfar, al 
Angus, care required. 

Information supplied by AA 

Motorways, page 5 

Nature notes 

In the south of Eng la n d, and 
in Ireland, there are now more 
female chaffinches than males. 
Among British chaffinches, the 
females are more in cline d to 
move south in winter, and 
among immigrants they tend to 
go further west. They are olive- 
brown binds, whereas the males 
have a pink breast and a blue 

On wooded roadsides, there 
are often a few willow tits 
among the flocks of blue and 
great tits. They have a repeated 
rasping call which helps to 
distinguish them Grom the very 
similar marsh tits. Nothatches 
also travel along with the tit 
flocks, usually staying high in 
the trees; they have begun their 
quick, whistling song again. 

Dry leaves still ding to many 
trees in the oak woods; in the 
sunshine they have a distinct 
pink or orange tinge. The last 
maple leaves are a brilliant waxy 
yellow; last elm leaves in the 
hedgerows are a blend of pale 
yellow and pale green. Many 
bramble bushes show a few 
bright scarlet leaves. Herb-rob- 
ert and yarrow are still in flower. 

Parliament today 

Commons (230): Petroleum 
Bill second reading. Debate on 
EEC budgets for 1986 and 1987. 

The pound 

f uicatijed \A weak ridge of high pressure over the British Isles will 

< 1,011 r-^dedme as an Atlantic frontal system moves NE across 

foe region. Eastern parts wHl have bright orstmny intervals at first but thickening 
dond will spread northeastwards as outbreaks of rain in the SW extend to all 
districts daring the day. Temperatures will be generally mild. Outlook for tomor- 
row and Wednesday: Contmnbig unsettled and windy. 


Rates tor smaB denantoadon tank nates 
only as suppfiad by Barclays Bank PLC. 

Different rates apply to travellers’ 
cheques and other foreign currency 

Petal Price Index: 3884 

Lflodocc The ft Index dosed 14.4 up at 
1Z743 on Friday. 

Hew Yoite The Dow Jane* industrial 
average dosed 32S0 up at 189&5& on 

The winning numbers in the 
weekly draw for Premium Bond 
prizes are £100.000: J8XS 
011334 (the winner lives in 
Ipswich); £50,000: 18WS 
419980 (Havering. London); 
£25,000: 2CTW 708527 (West 



7-33 am 

401 pm 


2E , f j i 


EM * ■* 1 . ■ - 1 ' 1 - 

to C F 
- 9 48 
.03 9 48 

























































































































[a. — i-§ 


Me^rT 1 1 : .'.y 


f- yr, *--*1 i t 




^ ’V 



c ,-g 









Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 


FT 30 Share 
1274.2 (-19.00) 

FT-SE 100 

1624.9 (-19.4) 


34762 (25788) 

USM (Datastream) 

129.09 (-1.79) 

(Change onweekl 

US Dollar 
1.4195 (-0.0100) 

W German mark 

2.8653 (+0.0006) 

Trade- weighted 

67.9 (-0.4) 


GNP under 
a cloud 
as car 
sales slump 

Fln»rMaxwdl Newton 
New York 

The fourth quarter has not 
began sospirirasly. The first 
of the dements, that will malre 
op its GNP was the October 
personal consumption figure 
released oa Thursday . 

The collapse of car sales 
after the frenzy of 23 per cent 
financing in August and. 
Septan her, meant that per* 
sonal spending dropped by a 
sadden 2 per cent to a level , 
that, if continned, wfll mean no 
increase in personal consump- 
tion spending in the fourth 
q nailer. 

As personal spending in the 
third quarter provided more 
than the whole increase in real 
GNP, there is the prospect 
that the props w3B be polled 
out from under economic 
growth in the current quarter. 

The previous quarter’s 23 
per cent real growth, in GNP 
was mostly the Rtdt tfaiti- 
fictaUy boosted car sales and a 
btmcMng of military orders by 
the federal government, . 

. . Farther grim 4ews for the 
fourth quarter GNP cam&with 
the publication of the carsatas 
numbers for the first 10 days 
of November. They: were m 
better than the desperately 

Analysis 22 Cib-Edgcd 25 
CooBsimt 23 Co News 25 
USM Beview 23 Money Mitts 25 
Share Prices 24 Fsrejga Buft 25 

bad Octioher figures and 
Chrysler is already talking of 
a new round of incentives. 

American consumers are 
wonderfully keen spenders bat 
even , their appetite has been 
somewhat sated after Augnst 
ami September when they 
spent Unee-umHi-half times 
the increment of their persona) 
incomes - -on personal 

Many analysts believe that 
sooner or later the dollar 
devaluation against the OECD 
countries (the carrency has not 
been devalued against the 
other 70 per cent of American 
foreign trade) will produce 
better exports' and lower im- 
ports. • 

However, the agreement be- 
tween the Federal reserve and 
the West German and Japa- 
nese central banks to maintain 
narrow hands, within which 
those cnnendes wfll flnctnate 
against the dollar, has tamed 
oat to be an excuse for the 
Japanese to devalue and for 
the mark to be provided with a 
very definite ceiling of 50 

Consequently, since the 
October low, foe index of the 
dollar against- the leading 

currencies has risen 3 per cent, 
thus revers in g foe . downtrend 
of the dollar *nd imparting 
another deflationary twist to 
the American economic 

The bond market began to 
fed better about things last 
week, with foe result that both 
the 10 -year and foe 30-year 
issues in the recent $29 bflEon 
(£20 billion) Treasury auction 
have risen respectably above 
their issne prices. 

Factories output 

is recovering, 
says CBI inquiry 

By David Smith, Economics Cotresposdent 

Prospects for manufac- 
turing output are brightening, 
according to the results of the 
Confederation of British In- 
dustry’s latest monthly trends 

However, the employers’ 
organization fears that stron- 
ger economic growth will be 
accompanied by Tiigher infla- 
tion and a widening balance of 
payments deficit. 

The CBTs November mon- 
thly trends inquiry and its new 
quarterly economic forecast 
will be published today. 

Of the 1,561 firms ques- 
tioned in the trends inquiry, 
21 per cent regard their order 
books as above normal, com- 
pared with 16 per cent last 

One worry for the Chan- 
cellor. however, m that the rate 
of industry price increases is 
expected to accelerate, with a 
greater proportionof firms (24 
per cent) expecting to lift their 
prices over the next four 

This ism line with the new 
quarterly economic forecast 
from the CBL - The pound's 
weakness — its trade weighted 
average is expected to fall by 
another 8 per cent by the end 
of 1987 — is -forecast to push 
inflation substantially higher 
next year, despite a slight 
slackening in the growth of 

The CBI expects inflation to 
average 4.7 per cent next year 

month. The proportion of after a rate of 3.4 per cent this 
businesses with normal order year. In the fourth quarter of 

books has risen from 44 to 49 

On balance, companies still 
have fewer orders than they 
would like, with 30 per cent 
regarding order books as be- 
low nor mal. But the negative 
balance has dropped from 23 
per cent last month to 9 per 
cent' this month. 

There has been a similar 
drop, from 22 to 10 per cent, 
in the negative balance on 
export orders. 

"This is the best outcome 
since February and suggests 
that the pause in output which 
has been worrying manufac- 
turers for most of the year has 
now come to an end,” said the 

next year an inflation rate of- LBrs director general, ! 
5.5 per cent is predicted - “With the growth in const 
significantly hi gher than the spending expected to cont 
Treasury’s forecast of 3.75 per over the next two yi 
cent . • British industry has a 

Strong consumer spending opportunity to win more l 
is wpwrt^ next year, although ocss and create more jobs, 
no cuts in income tax are still have to bring our 
assumed in the forecast lalxiur costs more into 
A spending n” of 4.5 per with those of our c 
cent is predicted, after a 5.1 petitors." 
per dent increase this year. The unemployment out! 
This is within an overall is not as rosy as recent fig 
expansion of the economy of have suggested, accordin 
2.7 per emit, after 2.1 per cent the CBL It expects an 8,6 
growth this year. month drop in manufactu 

. . Calculations by CBI econo- employment next year, 
mists suggest that 45 per cent employment will edge di 
of any increase in consumer or only slowly, says the fora 
investment spending is taken falling slightly below 3 mil 

up by imports. The volume of during 1988. 

2% tax cut ‘feasible’ 

By Onr Economics Correspondent 

A cut in the basic rate of Treasury on inflati on It ex- Chancellor believes that borr- 
income laxfrom 29 to27 per peels a rate of 3.5 per cent in owing this year remains in line 
cent is possible in the next the fourth quarterof next year, with his £7 billion PSBR 
without any increase compared with the Treasury's target. This suggests a stronger 

in Government borrowing, 3.75 per cent forecast tax base than we had forecast 

according to the London Bust- -rt>» iwj it If this is foe case, and if this 

ness School ^ strength continues into 1987- 

assessment oTthe .^^in public ^Sfong ** a reductionin the standard 
tofonnn state- jaaouaxd tothe autumn £ 3 a *J5£ 21 . P“ 
tS r 5 S S ? y T tbe statement On the basis of """ fcasib,e wnhm 
f- 8 ?, • Bca ^ these, and its earlier assump- 1 **? l * pL 

$inys_ forecast of 3 per cent gU-on- Government re£ However, on foe balance of 

emies, tax cuts would have the LBS is 

$ufy*s forecast of 3 per cent 
growth next year and also 
sides with the Treasury on its 
inflation predictions. . 

The LBS is the only signifi- 
cant outside forecaster to be 
more optimistic -titan the 

tax base than we had forecast. 
If this is foe case, and if this 
strength continues into 1987- 
88, a reductionin the standard 
rate of income tax to 27 per 

However, on the balance of 
payments issue, the LBS is 

only been possible if borrow- tha n the Treasury. It 

mg was allowed to overshoot, . SSrS 5 -9J f ^Sr aCco f2 
foe school says. . °‘ L2-4 bfllioii next 

J . year, gainst foe Treasury s 

• .But. tiie LBS adds; “The £I_5 billion. 

LCP chief I Panel to consider 

jubilant at Datafir 
Tejection ; By 

rw The full City takeover panel 

By Our City Stan meets this morning to con- 

The low level of acceptances sider an unusual request from 
so far m the £160 million Datafin, the McCorquodale 
hostile bid for the industrial management buy-out team, 
holdings group LCP by foe The panel will be asked to 
expanding retail chain, ward rule on whether an under- 
White, shows that sharehokt- writer, in a bid which ties 
ers recognise that the offer is underwriting fees to success, 
without merit and have defiv- can be considered to be in 
ered a dear, cut rejection, Mr concert with foe bidder. 
David Rhead, thechainnan of The panel executive last 
LCP said. week ruled there was no 

’ , • . , concert party between Norton 

In a jubilant letter welcom- Qrax and the Kuwait Invest- 
ing foe announcement flat meot office (KIO), a core 
only 0.42 per cent of underwriter to the Norton 
shareholders accepted foe opax bid. 
offer by its first closing date on KIO had been baying 

November 20, ^Rhe^said McCorqaodale shares at 
just . because Ward t W hites prices above foe Opax offer, 
motor accessories business, which it then assented to the 
Halfords, setis a range of car ^ Datafin’s objection is that 
spares, it did not mean foe KIO and other underwrit- 
company amid tackle -the jug institutions buying shares 
highly specialised amoparts assent had a strong vested 
operations' of LCr s Whitlock interest in the outcome of the 
business in the United States, because their fees were 

The offer has been extended geared to success, 
until December 12. If the panel decades in 

Mr Rhead said that foe favour of Datafin, the imptica- 
enormous potential of lion is ttoi all McCmquodale 
Whitlock was real enough, as shareholders should be offered 
shown by recently announced foe 315p price paid by the 
interim figures showing prof- institutions. But t f Norton 
its up 492 per cent Opax was required to raise rts 

Mr David Davies of ___ 

Schraders, LCFs merchant T_f n m^ATI 
bankers, said that given foe riflllMUl 
low level of acceptances so far, w 

LCP had every hope of seeing BOA 

Ward White off entirely. AVPT + XI I 

Datafin request 


The full City takeover panel bid, shareholders who had 
meets this morning to con- sold in the market, knowing 
sider an unusual request from that Opax’s bid was final, 
Datafin, the McCorquodate could be prejudiced, 
management buy-out team. The issue is a tricky one and 

The panel will be asked to a new one. Succes^geared fees 
rule on whether an under- are a relatively new phenom- 
writer. in a bid which ties enon. They first appeared in 
underwriting fees to success, Argyll Group's abortive take- 
can be considered to be in over attempt for Distillers, 
concert with foe bidder. Management buy-out of- 

The panel executive last fers, which are increased in 
week ruled there was no contested bids, are an even 
concert party between Norton newer phenomenon and first 
Opax and the Kuwait Invest- .surfaced in the McCorqaodale 
meat Office (KIO), a core drama. 

Some have 
whether such 



The KIO had been baying recommended by foe indepen- 
cCorquodale shares at deni directors of the company, 

McCorqaodale shares at 
prices above foe Opax offer, 
which it then assented to the 
bid. Datafin’s objection is that 
foe KIO and other underwrit- 
ing institutions buying shares 
to assent had a strong vested 
interest is the outcome of foe 
bid. because' their fees were 
geared to success. 

If foe panel decades in 
favour of Datafin, the im plica- 

foe 315p price paid by the 
institutions. But if Norton 

deni directors of foe company, 
should be capable of being 
raised, as shareholders should 
surely have been offered a full 
price in foe first place. 

The other side of foe argu- 
ment Is that if small com- 
panies, like Norton Opax, can 
use success-geared fees to bid 
for bigger companies, then 
leveraged buy-outs should 
have foe same advantages. 
Daiafin's financial backers 
could not buy at above 1 its 
offer price, because they 
would have been deemed to be 



New pressure 
for facts on 
Boesky deals 

By Lawrence Lever 

The Government is coming General Foods was sub- 
ider increasing pressure to sequemly foe subject of a $5.6 
veal whether Mr Ivan billion bid from Philip Morris. 
ieskv foe disgraced Amen- Moreover Cambrian is 

imports is expected to rise by 
4.8 per cent next year, while 
export volumes are forecast to 
rise by only 3.2 per cent. 

The prospective perfor- 
mance of exports is dis- 
appointing given foal CBI 
economists expect British in- 
dustry' to be 14 per cent more . 
competitive next year, mainly 
as a result of the pound’s fell, j 
And foe forecast is for a 
current account deficit of £2.2 
billion next year, to be main- 
tained in 1988. 

The Treasury expects a 
current account deficit of £1.5 
billion next year, and the 
Chancellor has hinted foal this 
will be followed by an 

Sir Terence Beckett, foe 
CBrs director general, said: 
“With the growth in consumer 
spending expected to continue 
over foe next two years, 
British industry has a real 
opportunity to win more busi- 
ness and create more jobs. But 
we still have to bring our unit 
labour oosts more into line 
with those of our com- 

The unemployment outlook 
is not as rosy as recent figures 
have suggested, according to 
the CBL It expects an 8,000 a 
month drop in manirfartining 
employment next year. Un- 
employment will edge down 
only slowly, says the forecast, 
fallmg slightly below 3 minion 

Geoffrey Mokahy: Malting Woolwortb assets work harder 

Woolworth seeks 
ADR dealings 

WoobrorA Holdings has 
applied to foe New York Stock 
Exchange for permission to 
have its shares quoted in foe 
form of American depository 

Dealings are expected to 
start hi the new year. In the 
next few days, Mr Geoffrey 
Mnlcahy, chief executive, and 
fellow director, Mr Nigel 
Whittaker, are meeting a num- 
ber of fond managers and 
brokers in New York and 

Many observers in the City 
are interp re ting Woolworfo's 
derision to apply for ADR 
dealings as another attempt at 
shoring mi its defences. 

This year, the group fought 
off an un wanted £1S bflhon 
bid for its arch-rival, Dixons, 
after an acrimonios and bit- 
terly contested battle. 

Mr Mnlcahy and Mr Whit- 
taker last .week mat the num- 
ber of brokers and fond 
managers, inducting MAG, 
who backed than in the fight 
with Dixons, in order to keep 
them op to date with events. 

Woolworth has good reason 
to keep its institutional back- 
ers sweet. On Friday, 
Woolworfo's share price 
closed at 655p. It has been as 
low as 620p in foe past few 
weeks. The final Dixons offer 
was worth 900p in cash. 

There is a growing feeling in 
the City that the new year 
could see another bid for 
Woolworth — possibly after 
foe figures are announced in 

By Michael Clark 

igs has Mr Ralph Halpern's Barton 
rk Stock Group is now seen as a 
ssiofl to possible predator. A bid from 
d in foe Benton woofd also open foe 
ipository way for Dixons to return. 

At present, Dixons most 
? cted to wait a foil year under Take- 
'• I n the over Panel rales. Mr Mnlcahy 
^eoffrey and Whittaker are only too 
five, and aware of how vulnerable they 
remain and are making every 
gannm- effort to make their assets 
artd work harder for them, 
irk and ^ men ^ confident that 
they can doable sales per 
square foot from £10 to £20 
V inp within the next couple of 
years- It is the group's port- 
“ 3np, “ folio of more than 800 stores, 
I'fnnaHt *ft prime High Street 
I bflKon sites that continues m attract 
the envious glances of Dixons 
and other retailing groups. 

There could be news soon of 
lr Whit- Woolworth stepping np its 
liennm- Property development side, 

A fond which is only a small part of 
if & G, the business at present 
he fight Woolwortb is not ruling oat 
to keep foe possibility of teaming np 
vents. with foe likes of Mr Gerald i 
treason Ronsoa’s Heron Corporation 
tl back- and launching a "mega bid” | 
Friday, for a company like Sears, of 
price Ladbrokes, Selfridges and 
been as Saxon e fame, 
wst few Mr Whitaker says: “We are 

os offer always looking at situations." 
h. Meanwhile, Woolworth is 

*Eng in said to be looking for another 
sw year broker. The US securities 
bid for group, Goldman Sachs, which 
ly after advised Woolworth daring the 
need in Dixons bid is tipped as foe 
most likely candidate. 

under increasing pressure to 
reveal whether Mr Ivan 
Boesky the disgraced Ameri- 
can arbitrageur, channelled 
illegal deals through Cam- 
brian and General Securities— 
the British investment trust 
formerly managed and 
chaired by Mr Boesky. 

Mr Robin Cook, Labour 
MP for Livingston, will today 
demand a Commons state- 
ment on the British implica- 
tions of the Boesky affhir. Last 
week Mr Paul Channon, the 
Secretary of State for Trade 
and Industry, declined to give 
Mr Cook an assurance that Mr 
Boesky *s insider dealing did 
not extend to the London 

Meanwhile the Cambrian 
accounts for the year to 
September 1985 reveal that 
two of the investment trusts' 
biggest shareholdings were in 
companies on which Mr 
Boesky had received inside 
information from Mr Denis 

The accounts show that 
Cambrian held £35.8 million 
worth of shares in General 
Foods — its largest angle 
holding. In addition, it held 
£12 million of shares in Boise 

The Securities and Ex- 
change Commission has said 
that between February. 1985 
and February. 1986. Mr 
Boesky dealt in the shares of 
companies — including Gen- 
eral Foods and Boise — in 
response to inside informa- 
tion passed to him by Levine. 

Moreover Cambrian is 
named as one of tbe defen- 
dants in a SI 00 million US 
class action bought by a 
former shareholder in General 
Foods who claims to have lost 
money as a result of Mr 
Bolshy’s activities in foe 
company’s shares. 

The Cambrian board said 
on Friday foal it is co- 
operating with a subpoeana 
served on it by foe SEC, 
demanding trading records 
going back to 1978. 

The board said also that it 
bad been advised it has a 
complete defence to foe 
American class action. It 
added that it was "not aware" 
that Mr Boesky used Cam- 
brian for insider dealiog. 

Cambrian has appointed S 
O Warburg, the merchant 
bank.“io advise them on foe 
alternatives available to 
achieve the maximum avail- 
able for shareholders." It has 
also foe Boesky management 
company and is looking for 
new investment advisors. 

The Board made no state- 
ment on foe current suspen- 
sion of its share price. 

A move to wind up Cum- 
brian could come from foe 
SEC which now holds Mr 
Boesky's interest in it as pari 
payment of foe $100 million 
penalty imposed on him. 

The SEC is understood to be 
appointing British merchant 
bankers to advise it 

Sales war ‘behind 
Comet phone hug’ 

By Colin Narbroogh 

The sales war between high £1 5 millit 
street electrical retai I groups - struck ov< 
and not a takeover straggle - Mr W 
was the most likely reason for eavesdrop 
the telephone bugging of foe picked uf 
Comet executive. Mr Peter foe wider 
Hopper, Comet's parent com- foe Wool 
pany. Woolworth Holdings, foe most 
said yesterday. menu but 

Woolworth fought off a £ 1 .9 given mu 
billion bid in July from foe overall pi; 
electrical retail group. Dixons, company. 

£15 million bargains could be 
struck over the telephone. 

Mr Whittaker said the 
eavesdroppers could have 
picked up information about 
foe wider strategy of Comeu 
foe Woolworth unit showing 
the most marked improve- 
menu but was unlikely to have 
given much insight into foe 
overall planning of the parent 

and Dixons was quick to The police inquiry led by 
distance itself from any links detectives from Bedfordshire 
with foe bugging, which took has resulted in three private 

place in September and 

Mr Nigel Whittaker, ex- 
ternal affairs director for 
Woolworth, said the company 
had suspected something for 
some time. "It was almost a 
relief when foe bug was. 
discovered." he said. 

Mr Whittaker said: "We do 
not think any of this is related 
to bids." It was, however, a 
“very smart move" to tap Mr 
Potter's telephone. 

Comet's business, he said, 
involved a lot of “scoop” 
deals in which £10 million to 

and detectives being interviewed 
and the suspension of an Essex 
ex _ policeman 

for Yesterday, Essex police 
apy could not confirm a report 
ww foat a second officer had been 
st a suspended. The first is re- 
was ported to have been taken off 
active duties after investiga- 
do tions into the misuse of the 
ted police national computer. 

- .a a decision on charges for 
Mr the civilians and foe police 
will depend on a report to the 
rid. Director of Public Prosecu- 
)p” lions by officers from 
i to Bedfordshire. 

Opax was required to raise its acting in concert. 

Lucas outlook 

Sir Godfrey Messervy, foe 
chairman of Lucas Industries, 
manufacturer of vehicle and 
aircraft accessories, says in his 
1986 review, that despite 
some unfavourable market 
conditions, foe company’s 
longer-term prospects are 

Sir Godfrey emphasizes that 
foe £40 million — equivalent 
to 2.5 per cent of its total 
turnover — invested last year 
in training and retraining its 
employees, reflects its com- 
mitment to achieving and 
maintaining fofl international i 

“Our goal must be to ensure j 
that we are equipped with foe | 
dulls we need to match and 
beat oar competitors. Invest- 
ing in people is an essential 
complement to our invest- 
ment in technology," he said. 

..V.Xjl* ' 

•. <,:■*< r 

gifv&V ■. , ; 

Hanson ‘misled’ pensioners 
over £80m Courage surplus 


TODAY — Interims: ASEA 
(third quanerL Borland Inter- 
national, Chamberlain 
Phipps, Coated Electrodes 
international Grown House, 
Marshalls Halifax, Fferkland 
Textile (Holdings). Rexmore; 
Sarasota Technology, TR 
Technology Investment T rust, 
Unigare. Unilock Holdings. 

TOMORROW - Interims: 
Alexon Group, Aflted-Lyons, 
Alphameric, Buhner & Lurob. 
Century Oik, Chancery Sec- 
urities, Fairbriar, Fletcher 
Dennys Systems, Hambros, 
Leigh International EH Lloyd 
Holdings,. Monks Investment 
Trust. Powell Duffiyn. Finals: 
JH Fenner HoWiags; Govea 
Atlantic Investment Trust, 
Northern -American Trust, 
TomkinsonSr Towngredef Sec- i 
unties. ~ • " a! ' . 

WEDNESDAY - Interims: 
Bassetr Foods, BPB In- 
dustrie*, Courtaulds, Magnet 
& Southerns, Andvik, TR 
Property Investment Trust. 
Finals: Kwik Save, MEPC 
Radio Gty (Sound of Mer- 
seyside), Rolinoo- 

THURSDAY - Interims: An- 
glo American Corporation, 
AF Buifdu, Burnett & HaB- 
amshir e. Cariess, Capel & 
Leonard, Dawson Internat- 
ional Matthew HaD, Mercury 
international. International 
.Leisure ’Group,' ' Sedgwick 
Group. Finals: Chrysalis 

The battle over the £80 

By Om City Staff 
"Hanson Trust has not taken 

-Z—:. CrpAi 1 A i UK same uine u wmuu 

Group. North Bnnsh Steel I Jfitlin C0IItr0 , 0 f ^ sartfas 

jnilfion surplus in the Courage any funds oat of foe Imperial 
pension fund intensified yes- or Courage pension schemes 
terday with Courage pension- nor wiD it do so volnnlarfly". 
ms accusing Mr Derek The High Court combines 
Resting, Hanson Trusts m- its hearlog today on whether 
chairman, of misleading them Hanson can split foe Courage 
on its plans for the sarpW pension schemes in foe man- 

Haason’s plans to apfit foe ner it intended, 
three Courage pension fends Tie High Court case has 
sparked off a strike at been Instigated by the amn- 
CoarageV Reading brewery agemeat committee of foe 
last month. It had planned to three Courage pension funds, 
transfer a sum sufficient to which is asking lor a rating cm 
cover existing Courage cm- foe legality of foe Hanson’s 
ployees . te Elders IXL, foe plans. 

Anstrafian lager gronp which On Friday foe court was told 

pun&ased Courage. that Hanson had already 

At foe same time it would agreed with Elders foat if foe 
retain control of foe surplus High Court ruled against foe 

QrtWp..' ... andresponsibffity for pension- transfer. Elders would pay 

FRIDAY -Interims: Business era aid deferred pensions. . * Hanson another '£50 mflbon 
Mortgages TrusL Estates and Atanextraordfaarymeetij% for Cranage. 

>teucy' Holdings; - - Ferranti, called to approve foe Conrage ■ Mr Martin Ts^iw, a Han- 
wfjj e Eraooom, Lew mar, safe and pension arrange- son director, said yesterday 
MenvdownWine. mans, Mr Hosting said: that this arrangement had 

Merrydown Wine. 

said: foat this arrangement had 

been made at the time the sale 
to Elders was agreed. He said 
there was no inconsistency 
between this plan and Mr 
Hosting's statement at foe 
extraordinary meeting. 

No mention of the agree- 
ment with Elders was made by 
Mr Resting at the meeting 
when he was thoroughly ques- 
tioned by Courage pensioners 
over the company's plans for 
tbe surplus. 

Mr Geoffrey Maddrson, for- 
mer Courage company sec- 
retary and spokesman for 
many disgruntled Courage 
pensioners, said yesterday: “I 
t hink Mr Basting's statements 
were misleading. AH foe time 
Hanson wanted the surptos 
and would not let foe funds go 
ffh could possibly help it”. 

He added foat some Coar- 
age pensioners hare already : 
written to their MPs 

t¥?= ' r.s-ar 


‘‘ Y-V-- 

*. x". 


\ '.A, 

OV'ER 1300 tons ofBntrsh made paper wiD 
be used in die docurncnu- foi the British C* 
fiotarion, delivered ro prtnrers rhruughour 
the country: 

Bur tf^re will ht only one paper supplier 
for the entire printing operation. 

As Bnrairis leading paper mcrdmnt, 
Robert Home are used ro operations on rhis 
scale.We were also the sole suppliers of paper 
for the British Telecom florarion and forTSB. 

It was pur vast buying power, widespread 
dismbution network, and our reputation for 
quahty and efficiency, that made us the 
obvious choice in all these cases: 

And the same capabilities make as the 
supplier to several thousand customers 
needii tg paper in am’ quantity from )ust a few 
slicvts to hundreds of tons. 

{ { Robert Home Group pic 

vith a 
int in 

i start 
at the 
5t be 
range, , 
more : 


r: for 
i min g 
s for 
as — 

The money machine that 
ploughed up Wall Street 

From Bailey Morris, Washington 

Wall Street has a love-hate 
relationship with Dread, 
Burnham, Lambert Inc. the 
.American investment banking 
house at the centre of the 
insider trading storm. 

It is both the most resented 
house on Wall Street and the 
most admired. 

Even venerable firms which 
regard Drexel as the brash 
company which invented 
“junk" bonds - high risk, high 
yield paper - acknowledge 
that this one firm and its 
principal money officer. Mr 
Mike Milken, have revolu- 
tionized corporate finance. 

It is the “Milken money 
machine." built on his un- 
canny ability to produce 
investment-grade paper which 
convened equity into low- 
grade bonds (gilts), that 
launched the Drexel re- 

Mr John Gutfreund. chair- 
man of Salomon Brothers, the 
investment banker.credited 
Drexel (or more accurately Mr 
Milken) with building an en- 
tirely new business — an 

investment banking syndicate 
which exists outside the tra- 
ditional banking industry. 

In the process, the pnvately- 
heid firm has become one of 
the most profitable on Wall 
Street through aggressive fi- 
nancings which helped a new 
generation of “raiders" re- 
shape corporate America. In 
1985, Drexel put aside an 
estimated $600 million (£422 
million) of its revenues of $15 
billion for bonuses. 

"Today, thanks to Drexel, 
Burnham, no company is 
immune from raids and no 
management can afford to 
ignore the short-term value of 
iis shares," said Mr Andrew 
Sigler, of Champion Inter- 
national Corporation. 

Even “the establishment" 
on Wail Street has been forced 
to march to Drexel's tune. 

Goldman Sachs is a good 
example. Earlier this year, the 
i 14-year-old company an- 
nounced a big expansion, 
increasing the number of part- 
ners and entering new lines of 
business to keep pace with the 
trends started by Drexel. 

To the public, it appears 
that Drexel. Burnham sud- 
denly buret on the scene from 
nowhere in the 1980s, corner- 
ing the markets on leveraged 
buyouts and hostile takeovers. 

But it began building the 
“risk" business much earlier, 
after the 1975 deregulation 

Drexel. Firestone & Co, a 
fixture on Philadelphia's 
"main line." was acquired by 
Burnham & Co in 1973. It was 
oue of the faltering old firms 
that Mr I W “Tubby" Bum- 
ham, who founded his own 
company in 1935, was buying 
at bargain prices. In the pro- 
cess, he acquired Mr Milken. 

According to Business 
Week, Mr Milken has been 
fascinated by the inefficiency 
of the corporate bond market 

Mr Milken's research show- 
ed him that the old standards 
of measuring credit worthi- 
ness were wrong. He b^an to 
play with an old idea — that a 
company with cash flow and 
bright prospects was credit- 
worthy even if its book value 
was low. 

Mr Milken' produced vari- 
ous paper products based on 
this principle and worked out 
how to make a market in 

By 1981, corporations and 
Wall Street's new tycoons had 
discovered they could borrow 
more cheaply with fewer 
strings attached by selling, 
"junk” bonds. Low-rated 
companies have raised an 
estimated $48 billion through 
junk bonds and Drexel has 
handled about two-thirds of 

By 1983, the company had 
moved into leveraged buy- 
outs, handling such deals as 
Turner Broadcasting’s $1.5 
billion buyout of MGM-UA 
Entertainment In 1984, Dre- 
xel rewrote the merger rules by 
lining up $2 billion to finance 
Mr T Boone Pickens' hostile 
bid for Gulf CXI Corporation. 

By this tune, concerned 
about its poor, image, the 
company launched an exten- 
sive public relations campaign 
both to sell “junk" bonds and 
put itself in a better light 

Rent rates 
for retail 
sector soar 

The bmgwafeg retail ware- 
house market has seen reals 
rise by nearly do able the rale 
of inflation since 1977, accord- 


Baker, the chvtcrcd surveyor. 

Retail warehouse rents have 
gone op by 1&5 per cent a year 
since 1977 compared with 13 
per cent for prime town centre 
retail rents and 8.6 per cent 

price inflation, the firm fovxL 
Mr Aiigas McIntosh, head 



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of its research department, 
said: “Retail warehousing as a 
concept has had a mazing suc- 
cess in Britain over a very 
short time." 

Bat there has bees a radical 
change from the days when 
retail warehouses were situ- 
ated in co n verted cinemas in 
town centres or old tafldings 
on industrial estates. 

“The retail park is now part 
of the future of retail 
warehousing," Mr McIntosh 
said. “More and more sites are 
carefully planned fur se veral 
limits hi a retail park with 
centralized car (raukingaxri a 

Free-standing warehouses 

in poor locations seem doomed 
to become secondary prop- 
erties in the sector as retail 
parks and more sophisticated 
versions of the genre emerge. 

Healey & Baker says tint 
investors must be forward- 
thinking abont retailing and 
socio-economic developments 
and selective about location if 
they are to take advantage of 
outstanding growth opp- 

But when looking at prop- 
erty yields it is the indostrial 
sector which is showing en- 
couraging signs, with a (1.1 per 

cent drop in average yield in 
the three months from Angnst 
to November this year, accord- 
ing to HiDier Parker, the 

In Loudon average fantas- 
trial yields fell below 10 per 
cent for the first time smee 
raid-1984, with yields in the 
South-east also faffing as 
investors return to a market 
where supply is limited and 
demand strong. 

The City of London and 
parts of the West End office 
market are showing static 
yields, against the trend of 
rising average office yields. 
Suburban London office yields 
are 8£ per cent. 

Keep tip with the London markets 

-time refreshed 

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from the Mafia to back sheet 
protection rackets insider 
trading is very difficult to 
detect and once, detected, 
even banter to prove. 

And like the Mafi a, it is 
becoming increasingly appar- 
ent that its more sophis- 
ticated - manifestations will 
escape detection unless a 

“canary” can be found to do a 

little ringing. 

One benefit of foe new 

computerized share d e a ling 

system is that h is much 
ea s i e r to monitor trans- 
actions, identify suspicious 
share price movements and 
follow them up with the 
broker concerned. 

The computer system, 
compliance officers, newly 
appointed Government in- 
spectors and routine taping of 
telephone conversations will 
all help to deter the casual 
users of inside information — 
those who have from time to 
time taken advantage of a fox 
system because they could 
escape without detection. 

These measures, unfortu- 
nately, will not stop the 
determined criminal of the 
sort being discovered in the 
United States. Too many 
investigations here and in the 
US do not unearth more than 

Cayman Islands or some 
other tax haven. 

Recent revelations from 
New .York are beginning to 
show foe size of the problem 
in the US. But in Britain it is 
impossible even to guess the 
extent of insider trading. 

Everyone, it appears, is 
aware that it is going on. It 
has been a criminal offence 
since 1980, punishable by 
fine or imprisonment Yet so 
for there have been only five 
convictions out of foe nine 
cases which have been as for 
as the courts. 

Suspicious share {nice 
movements are most often 
cited as the clearest evidence 
of insider trading activities. 
Most research has been con- 
ducted in the US, which has 
more stringent regulations on 
the conduct of insiders. 

Certain insiders, as defined 
by the US Securities and 
Exchange Commission, are 
req uired to report their trans- 
actions in the company’s 
securities and these trans- 
actions are published every 

In Britain, possible ev- 
idence of inricW trading prior 
to takeover bids was docu- 
mented as long ago as 1976 
by Professor Michael Firth in 
Share Prices and Mergers 
(Saxon House 1976). 

As a result of foe merger 

mania of the preseat bull 
market and the insider trad- 
ing scandals in New York, 
some of the more spectacular 
price movements have at- 
tracted public attention but 
little systematic research has 
been published. 

The staff of foo technical 
directorate at the Institute of 
Chartered Accountants in a jncuHiiiiflij ur 

yestigation in an attempt to 
identify the size of the prob- 

Rather than selecting par- 
ticular bids, the investigators 
have chosen to analyse the 
share price movements of foe 
targets of all first-time bids 
for listed companies an- 
nounced last April. 

Nineteen cases were in- 
vestigaied, including two bids 
of more t han £1 billion and 
eight under £50 million. The 
accompanying charts show 
the . individual share . price 
movements of three of the 
companies in the sample and . 
the aggregate movement for 
the 30 days before foe bid. 

The analysis shows that in 
15 of the 19 cases, there were 
noticeable price movements 
in the lOdays before foe ann- 

The average movement for 
the whole sample was nearly 
15 per cent above the market. 
On foe announcement of foe 
bid, there were farther signifi- 
cant movements averaging 
30 per cent 

The finding s provide some 
evidence of exceptional activ- 
ity in the shares of some 
companies prior to a bid 
announcement However, the 
reseaidiers point out that this 
in itself does not prove either 
the existence or the extent of 
insider dealing. • 

Share jnice analysis takes 
no account of foe volatility of 
individual shares. Further; 
foe bidder himself may be 
accumulating shares before 
launching his bid up to his 
allowed 4.9 per cent This in 
itself wffl dnve up the price 
but such tactics will also alert 
the market 

. The presence of a forge 

lators who will deal on the 
bade ofrumoms, pushing up 
the price ahead of the bid. 

But the Technical Direc- 
torate rogues that share price 
analysis may have some lim- 
ited use in polking insider 

Abnormal share price 
movements may, for exam- 
ple, signal the need for in- 1 
vestigatkm. But what is 
needed is a more precise 
definition than is presently , 
-available of what constitutes 
an abnormal share price 
movement Outside the fake- 
over and merger arena, wine 
share price movements are 
tess marked, insider dealing 
will be even harder to identify 

Many observers believe 
that the true insider deal 
takes place early on, without 
disturbing the share price, ft 
is done via an offshore com- 
pany which protects the ideo- 
tity of foe dealer. 

To crack down on foe 
serious operator, greater in- 
ternational is 
needed, not just between foe 
the United Stales and Britain 
but also with the . offshore 

Only then will the authori- 
ties . be able to begin to 
penetrate the web of insider 

Carol Ferguson 

Arinitage & Norton: Miss 
Helen Ashley becomes a 

Morgan Grenfell Laurie: 
Mr Martin J Messenger has 
been appointed associate 

British Rafl Engineering: 




ABN : 11JOO& 

Man & Company 11.00% 

BCa 11.00% 

i Citibank Savings! 12.45V 

Consolidated Cats ~11.00% 

Inoperative Bank 11.00% 

C. HoareS Co 11.00% 

Hong Kong & Shanghai — 11.00% 

lioyds Bank 1-11.00% 

Nat Westminster 111)0% 

Royal Bank of Scotland — 11 jOO% 

Citibank NA 

t Monroe Base Rate. 


Sir David Nknhon and Mr 
John O R Darby are. ap- 
pointed non-executive 

Rossmore Warwick: Mr 
Brian GwM becomes a 

Taylor Nelson Group: Mr 
Brendan Connelly has been 
appointed financial director. 

Charterhouse Developmrait 
Capital: Mr Richard Kenv 
becomes a director. 

Bgerton: Mr Peter Moores 
has been appointed non-exec- 
utive director. 

Food and Drink Federation: 
Mr Ross Bwddand is elected 
president, succeeding Sir Der- 
rick Holden-Brown and Mr 
Jeremy Pope becomes vice- 

National Westminster 
Ran(r Sir John has 

been appointed a director erf 
the South-west regional board. 

Dun-ant Piesse: Mir John 
Pearson and Mr Ma lc olm 
Robson become partners from 
January I. 

Rockware Glass: Mr Don- 

con Rotherham becomes 
managing director. Mr Brian 
Webb becomes managing 
director, Knottingley Region. 

Russell BrofoersfBuildets): 
Mr Michael Roberts has been 
appointed maturing director. 

British Invisible Exports 
Council: Mr David Thomson 
has been appointed director- 
general designate. He is. to 
succeed Mr WHEam Oairke 
who retires in June 1987. 

The National Nuclear 
Corporation: Mr Derek Tay- 
lor becomes deputy managing 
direct orand Mr NeflCFw 
syth director of personnel and 
corporate services. 

Bank Leumi (UK): Mr 
Mordechai Emhorn is elected 
chairman from January 1, 
succeeding Mr E I Japbet Mr 
Frank SnosbaH becomes dep- 
uty chairman and Mr David 
Friedman director. 

Watney Mann and Truman 
Brewers: Mr Michael 
Delaboofce has been ap- 
pointed deputy m a n ag in g 
director, cotemetdaL 



Manhattan Tower 
lOI East 52nd Street 
New York, N.Y. 10022 

TELEPHONE: ( 212 ) 750-1440 


London — Paris — Brussels— Amsterdam ' 
Madrid — Riyadh — Tokyo — Hong Konc — Singapore 

24th": November. 1086 


aasia §g 


Two companies reported this 
week on their first full year’s 
trading since their flotation on 
the USM in 1985 ™ 
Abbey crest, a jewellery manu- 
facturer and TMD V a media, 
advertising specialist 

Share prices of both com- 
panies have been dull since 
their launch but good results 
from both offer the prospect of 
a better performance in the 
coming year. 

Jewellery stocks do not 
usually enjoy expensive rat- 

ings and apart from the very 
Steady but unexciting engage- 
ment ring market, much of the 
rest of the trade is heavily 
dependent on the discre- 
tionary Christmas market. 

Companies involved at the 
tower end of the market have 
had a volatile record, but 
Abbeycresl .is proving the 
.exception to therute. 

Abbeycresl originally came 
to the market in April 1985 
and was founded to exploit the 
market for inexpensive gold 

shine on a dull rating 


and sterling silver jewellery, 
mostly nine carat gpld neck- 
laces , bracelets and ear-rings. 

The company prides itself 
on its design flair and its 
ability to rum delected trends 
m the market place into 
suitable products in as little as 
six weeks. 

Abbeycresl announced pre- 
tax profits of £1.01 million for 
ibe year to August but is in the 
process of changing its year 
end to December and will 
therefore “be reporting again 

early next year. The 12-month 
period to December 1986 is 
expected 10 show pretax prof- 
its in the region of £1.25 
million, suggesting that it is 
noi over-dependent on Christ- 
mas unde. 

The company is hoping 10 
continue its 30 per cent com- 
pound growth in profits. The 
shares were originally placed 
-on an historic price/earnings 
ratio of 16.8 limes; expensive 
for a jewellery stock - even 
one with a good record. How- 

ft** CbiB Gm to 

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£ V}f.g« 

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£ m vai& 

J5 -5 

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24 SI 116 
46 4,1 126 

46 SS 12S 
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17 53 76 

49 46 116 
37 23 324 

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- v->;- > ?»>>' v. 'f-r'C-C- 4 - . 


Youve got two weeks to put location proposals to the Board 

Sco tla nd, as a general location, youve already looked at It's always 
one of the first that comes to mind - 

But does anyspedfic location here recommend itself clearly? 

Think ofEdinburgh Castle, that country's most famous landmark, 
and remove yourself westwards for 15 minutes. 

Ybure in Livingston, in beautiful rolling countryside 

Youre on the M8 Motorway, 30 minutes fix)m Glasgows Airport 
and 10 from Edinburgh's. 

YbuVe got a choice of fully serviced industrial estates - including a 
hi-technology park- and a wide variety of available factories and offices. 

Yoiive got neighbours. Over 250 of them. Burroughs, Burr-Brown, 
Johnson & Johnson, Ferranti, NEC-to name just a few who axe 
expanding vigorously. 

Youve got specially close research links with Edinburgh University, 
theWolfson Microelectronics Institute and Heriot ’Vote's Computer 
Applications Services. . I ' 4 

r r 1 . a ■ , ‘ lb: James RsBock. Commercial Director, Livingston 

YoUVe 20t Uevelopment /\rea status. I Development Corporation. West Lothian EH54 60A. 
& - * . /*. i Ta-rwnfi 414177 

Development Corporation. West lottuan EH54 6QA 

Investment grants of up to 35%, rent-free | PiovethatUm^tonisthemosttogc^ 
periods, plus European Community j aOCKLETTERS^^ 6 ^ ** 

assistance Name—. 

And you’ve got vs. 

A Development Corporation that can WJrass __ 

put together a detailed personalized pro spec- _ — — 

ms on Livingston for your particular company. v/ 

In hours if you push the MAKMT IM ™ 

panic button. -.aISHHI jfj. 

Gould anything be clearer LIVINGSTON , 

or more specific than that? HB [Jurop^most_logcanorationJ 

i over, the rating is now 13 
i times historic and is beginning 

■ to look better value. 

i TMD’s profits showed a 39 
i per cent increase to £702,000. 
The growth in the business 
came from its existing client 
i base and new accounts. 

TMD’s market continues to 
: grow in real terms and the 
company’s involvement in- 
television media buying - 
which enjoys higher margins 
— is increasing. The present 
year has started well but the 
shares arc not helped by being 

■ in the marketing services sec- 
w tor where p/e ratios are drift- 
ing downwards. 

Reports of further defec- 
tions in a financial public 
relations consultancy were 
confirmed this week by ibe 
announcement of a senior 
executive’s departure from 
Broad Street Associates to set 
np his own business. 

The departure appears ami- 
cable in that Broad Street will 
lake a 20 per cent stake in the 

Isabel Unsworth 

The author is a member of the 
small companies’ unit at Phil- 
■ lips and Drew 




By David Smith 
Economics Correspondent 

The Baker-Mi yazawa pact 
to stabilize the yen-dollar 
exchange rate will collapse 
before the end of the winter, 
according to James Ca pel’s 
International Bond and Cur- 
rency' Review published today. 

The resulting foil for the 
dollar will have repercussions 
for sterling, James Cape! says, 
and a winter crisis for the 
pound is on the cards. 

The pact between Mr James 
Baker, the US Treasury Sec- 
retary, and Mr Kiichi Miy- 
azawa, the Japanese finance 
minister, to stabilize the yen- 
dollar rate around present 
levels will fafl because of the 
return of protectionist pres- 
sure in the US Congress, the 
review says. 

Faced with such pressure, 
and a Democrat majority in 
the Senate, the Administra- 
tion will be forced to revert to 
its policy of driving down the 
dollar to improve the deficit 
A cut in the US discount 
rate, perhaps before the end of 
the year, will send the dollar 
down, dragging the pound 
with it, James Cape! says. 

The pound is expected to 
bold present levels against the 
dollar but to foil by 10 per cent 
against the mark over the next 
12 months- The dollar is 
forecast to drop to DMI.85 
and 148 against the yen. 

The drug culture of 
City takeover bids 

The current wave of large-scale take- 
over bids has been written off more 
than once. The fall in share prices in 
spring and early summer suddenly 
made it harder to underwrite offers 
and a new mood was hailed. Likewise, 
the rash of references to the Monopo- 
lies Commission, which effectively 
stymied Elders-IXL’s attempt on 
Allied- Lyons and GECs late quest to 
buy Plessey, suggested the ride might 
abate. Now BTR’s onslaught on 
Pilkington has been tagged already as 
the last great bid battle of the current 

Maybe. But the momentum of the 
City's addiction to takeover bids has 
become as entrenched as in 1 972-73, 
when the wave crashed on the beach 
of financial crisis. 

The corporate craving can be well 
illustrated in the Pilkington case. One 
likely bidder, the mining and materi- 
als group Rio Timo-Zinc, was identi- 
fied because it was deemed to need a 
big acquisition. RTZ has recently 
reduced its loan gearing and a leading 
City mining analyst reasoned that it 
had thereby become vulnerable to a 
bid itself unless it moved fast. In other 
words, if it did not use its assets to 
borrow up to the hilt, someone else 
could borrow from eager lenders to 
gain control of them. 

BTR's need was more subtle. It is, 
by most tests, a well managed and 
successful company. But the premium 
rating of its shares over others with 
such an apparently uninspiring mix- 
ture of businesses depends on the 
bonus of corporate activity. Buying 
other companies and cutting their 
overheads puts the cream on profits 
growth, providing the identifiable 
extra attraction it cannot claim for its 
existing businesses as a whole. BTR is 
now valued as one of Britain's top ten 
companies. But it is on a treadmill, 
needing to make ever larger ac- 
quisitions to retain its own image. 

Stock market history is littered with 
conglomerates with management 
philosophies whose share prices col- 
lapsed like a soufffe as soon as, for one 
reason or another, they ran out of 
takeover steam. Once the momentum 
is lost, it is hard to regain because the 
takeover currency has been devalued. 

Ideologues can be left to argue over 
the wealth created by the estimated 
£500 million spent in the past 12 
months on financial services supplied 
for the takeover addiction. But any- 
thing like that figure gives those who 
supply the services a powerful interest 
in keeping the habit going. 

The merchant banking group Mor- 
gan Grenfell, for instance, made £51 
million profit in the first half of 1 986, 
comfortably more than for the whole 
of 1984, chiefly due to its advisory and 
financing role in takeovers such as the 
controversial Guinness bid for Distill- 
ers. Even in 1985, Morgan Grenfell 
drew almost a third of its profits from 

corporate finance, compared with a 
seventh in 1981. And takeover activ- 
ity has replaced conventional capital- 
raising as the dominant element in 
corporate finance for leading mer- 
chant banks. 

Morgan shares got off to a bad start 
when they were floated in the sum- 
mer, mainly because of fears that the 
pace of takeovers might not be 
sustainable. Morgan bad a good share 
of bids in the £300-400 million range, 
it was argued, but needed more 
megabids to keep going. Fortunately, 
it is advising BTR. 

The takeover industry has become 
an important element in spreading 
overheads all round the City: for 
lawyers, for financial public relations 
to companies fearful of becoming 
victims; in generating business for 
stockbrokers and market-makers — 
and even for insider trading, the black 
market end of the industry. 

Much of the big profit comes in 
underwriting, where the merchant 
banks take substantial risks to earn 
their profits. 

Managers of pension and insurance 
funds and trusts are driven increas- 
ingly by the need for short-term 
performance in an increasingly 
competitive world. Even the more 
conservatively managed pension 
funds usually set aside a proportion to 
be managed for short-term perfor- 
mance. And that is most readily 
achieved through the premiums gen- 
erated by takeovers. 

In the end, however, the chain 
exists to serve the interests of the City 
institutions as shareholders. Unless 
Whitehall steps in on the back of 
public distaste, they will determine 
whether it continues on the present 
scale, pausing only when falling share 
prices threaten underwriting profits. 

The takeover culture depends on 
the big institutions' acceptance that it 
increases the overall value of then- 
holdings; that in the long run, the 
bidders will create more wealth than 
their victims, so that swapping one 
share for another yields more than a 
zero sum. 

Those higher returns might be 
earned in a different way: by pushing 
company managements to perform 
better and replacing them if they do 
not. That might also increase eco- 
nomic growth. But, in most cases, that 
alternative is not available. They can 
exercise only the power of their 
dominant shareholdings through the 
stock market and through the agency 
of the takeover bidders. Takeovers 
reflect the frustration of institutional 
shareholders. The City is unlikely to 
kick the takeover habit until the big 
shareholders can use their power 
directly in the boardroom. 

Graham Searjeant 

Financial Editor 








- ( SM- 

From your portfolio card check your 
eight share price movements, on ibis pagp 
only. Add them im to give yon your 
overall total and check this against (be 
daily dividend figure. IT it matches, you 
have won outright or a share or the iota! 
daily prize money stated, if you arc a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
back of your card You must always have 
your care available when claiming. 


No. Coeqnaj GIMP *■* 


Pries Marians 


La mg Plot) 



Whitworth Bed 





| 51 Bilbo* HI 1 iMbrnnais a-u 









Indasriab E-K 


Banni (nd 

Industrials A-D 


Wagon lod 

Industrials S-Z 


.Aberdeen Conslr 



Howard Sbm 

BaiUiog. Roads 


Siougb Esats 




Indnstriah A-D 


King & Shauon 





Bafgperidge Brick 










Clayton Son 

Indostrcris A-D 



Dew (George) 





Coates thus 



Baynes (Charles 1 

Industrials A-D 





Nottingham Brick 






MarshaBs (H^i&xt 

BuiVdmg. Roads 



Budding. Roads 


Nurdin A Peacock 




Industrials S-Z 


Lyles (S) 



Beazer (CHI 

Industrials A-D 


Gerrard Nat 



Scholes (GH) 



Fife Indmar 

Industrials E-K 


S St U Stores 


aB Food 






Ash A Lacey 

Industrials A-D 


Bran Chans 



Quick (Hi) 



De La Rue 

Industrials A-D 


Tines Newspapers LM. 

Daily Total I 


Capitalization and week’s change 


fee number of shares m issue for the stock quoted) .. 

today. D ealings end Dewmber 5. §Contango day December 8. Settlement day December 15. 
'orward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

Where atoefa «!••• |»to« trtan ^ on ll» wHkS* prica 




Claims required for 
+40 points 

Claimants shopMnng0254-53272 

Please be sure to take account 
of any minus signs 

Weeklv Dividend 

Please a note of your daily totals 
for tbe weekly dividend of £ 8,000 in 
Saturday's newspaper. 





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309 b 64 214 




25 SA 0 

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X 13 L 1 







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174 b 

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AS 123 




30 164 






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90 207 

1 X 5 m BreadontOoud M 258 
t 3 - 2 m Br Drad*ng 77 

8500000 aonTrUO OR T 7 b 

ins* aww* > 

146 -Css Br,** 148 

27 . 7 * BwtwU 4 f " 

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41 SAm Cota* 502 

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1.749400 Fab «n 

347 x 000 Do -A’ 88 

10 . 8 m Fad*s*d Hag na 

7 . 17 X 000 FWm Op 74 

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Suck OUT- 


Price Cope ML amt 
M on nh M 
Frtdw 1 — fc am pa* 

SHORTS {Under Five Yean) 

1252 M Bcdl 13 ’*% 1887 100 b . . 

907 m Trm 10 q% 1987 Wi .. 

888 * Ercfl 2 b% iw +b 

1545 m Enh 105 % 1 BB 7 88 b . . 

551 * Fund 85 % 1965 -B 7 DBb *<• 

10 % 1887 99 b* .. 

3 b 1987 98 b +'* 

12 % 1087 100 b -b 

8*4 -b 
Bib +b 
98b -b 
IDO -b 

71889 Bb% 7987-90 
TIMS 10 % 1980 
Exch 2b% 1990 

11b% 1881 

Fonq 5b% 1887-81 
11% 1881 
8% 1881 

1 *)CM 1 

228 m T*m 11 b %1 
848 * Fnrq ■ 

381 a Exch 
Site Tree* 



841* Tran 12b% 1882 «4b -b 

1321 M Treat 10% 1892 M -b 

811* Treat CWb%199Z 96b 

1386m Exch I2b%1«2 m -b 

1896a Each 13b% 1992 1«b -H 

1124a Traaa ia 1993 
1146m Treat 12'I% 1993 
496m RjnU 8% 1893 
1374m Tima 13b% 1993 
884a treat Mb% 1994 
IBM* Exch 12's% 1994 
1189* EMU 135% 1994 
1235* nm »1W 
2391* Treat 12% 1995 
186m Oat 3% 199MS 

104b A 
BZb .. 
114b -b 
104b -b 
108 -b 

ar« -b 

101b -b 

73b -b 

1967m Em* 10b% 1995 83b -b 

1097* Trew 12b% 1995 W8b b 

Wiem ire* 14% 1WE 11 r* -*• 

667m Trees 8% 18S2-* 87b -b 
1623m Treat 1V.% 1898 120 b -*• 

87BM Eton 13V* 1998 109 b -b 

31* MB* 3% 1996 78b +b 

849m Gonr 10% 1996 91b -b 

1660a Treat 13'4% 1W 110 -b 

2839m EM* 10YH1WI 94b -b 

1102m ireu Bb% 1907 8£> -b 

1199m E*Oi 18% IW 119b -N 
735m Treat 8b% 199888 73b -b 
2381m Es* sb% 1998 89b -'i 

1389* Tm«« 155% 1996 124b -1 

2B68M Em* 12% 19» 1Mb -J 

gsae Trett 9b% 1899 89b -*■ 

3057* E XU 12 b% 1899 109b -»■ 

1190* Tlati 10V% 1998 »b -b 

1351* COM 10b% 1989 B3b*-b 

2017M Trent 13% 2000 110b -b 

1034* Gen* 9% 2000 85b -b 

T84m That 10% 2001 Kb ->■ 
726M Com 9b% MOT 90b -b 
1435* Trees W% 199841 TI4b*-b 


enmeenv 10% 2KB 8fb -1 
1657 m Em* 12% 18894a 100b -'l 

BZ7m Treat 10% 7003 82b -b 

2082* Tran 13b% 200043 118b -1b 
1940* Trtet nb% am-04 102 b -b 
835* Trees «%W* » -b 

219* Fi*d 3>i% 189804 48b +b 
sesmctn* 8b% 2004 88b -b 

1353m can* 9b% 8006 88 -b 

1017m Each 105% 2006 98b 

2440m Tisai 12b% 200346 110b«-1 
54M Treat 8% 2002-06 77b -b 
32ftn Oxi* 8b% 2006 81 -b 

3312m Trait 11b% 300347 105b +b 
1484m Tram 18b% 200+06 118b -1b 
773*0 T>»a» 8% 2908 77b -b 

570* Treat Bb% 2008-12 57 -b 
52&n Treat 7b% 2012-15 T5h -b 
1115m Each 12 % 2013-17 111be-1b 


139 m Contois 4 % 
841 * H *■ til Sb% 
74 m Cttm 3 b% 
ita Treat 3 % 
65 m Conte* 3 b% 
118 * Trett 2 b% 


ISO* Treat K. 2 % 
53 fta Trees a. 2 % 
1153 * Trets B. 2 % 
744 * Treat IL 2 b% 

883 * ire* 12 b% 
1007* ire* A 2 % 

868 m Treat 112 * 1 % 
1016 m Trias *- 2 * 7 % 
787 * Tlait L 2 b% 
1108 * Treat fL 2 b% 
38 *e Trees IL 2 b% 
M 01 m Treat H 2 *i% 

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. V I J 

Market set for imminent turn 
as yields edge towards 1 2% 

Gilts are in radioactive mode. 
They ended last week in a 
kind of smouldering heap, 
after a series of totally 
exhilarating - and con£ 
pletely terrifying - trading 
sessions. Who says thenew 
ma rket is tame? 

Futures trading tefls nan of 
the story. Before Big 
daily turnover was about 
10,000 contracts, or £500 
million. last Thursday saw a 
total of31,480 lots, worth 
£1.57 billion, traded. It is a 
new world indeed. 

The inter-dealer broker 
screens &Q to give the whale 
picture on prices. Prices are 
moving With terrifying rapid- 
ity. Market-makers mn«^ 
hedge their positions in fu- 
tures. Meanwhile, the market 
is struck, as it was last week, 
by a series of shocks which 
appears to alter completely 
the basis on which stocks 
have been evaluated. Not 

A lew statistics convey part 
of the doomwatch flavour of 
the week. Early in November 
high coupon shots were 
yielding snghtly more than 11 

Speculation can 
prove the better 
part of valour 

Questioning -Sir Terence 
about the autumn stateme n t 
m general an d exchange rate 
policy in particular, commit- 
tee members were astonished 
to bear that no Trea su r y 
target, either implicit or ex- 
plicit, existed for tbe pound. 

They were not half as 
surprised as the. gilts w k ffr . 
Traders had qflren great com- 
fort in early November from 
the Chan cel lor s adamantine 
statement on television tha t 
current parities would be 
defended to the Hitdi 
through interest rates. 

“Oh, no,” groaned die 
traders, as they realized that 
another statement from the 
Chanc ell or was subject to the 

_______ c customary seasonal adjust- 

fff tochfgmmne^ ment process. Down went the 

the second week of this 
month returns had risen to 

currency and down went gifts. 
Worse was to come. The 

IL47 percent Avftepeakof tSTgaSs ZEblH 

the carnage last week, average hsdf ^ttmjrlotXtoMe 

iucuuiH^MKwcc^vvciagc itself catting totally loose 
hi^ coupon dtortyieWswwe ^ fiSir bSdmSfa 

up to 1 1.70 per cent Have the 
authorities invented a market 
which can do nothing but go 

The medium coupon area, 
which normally interests the 
foreign investor, was hit by 
similar devastation. Returns 
for tum-of-the-century stocks 
were a fraction under 11 per 
cent at the beginning 0 f the 
week. By mid-week the figure 
was nearing 11 J per cent A 
prominent stock like Ex- 
chequer 15 per cent 1997, 
which trades around the peak 
of the yield curve, was within 
a smidgen of 12 per cent 

Part of the da mag** was 
attributable to remarks by Sir 
Terence Bums, Chief Eco- 
nomic Adviser, at the regular 
session of the Commons 
Treasury and Civil Service 

when the Prime Minister 
ruled (Hit early membership 
of the exchange rate mecha- 
nism of the European Mone- 
tary System (EMS). She also 
appeared to veto either the 
use of the interest rate 
weapon to defend sterling or 

Sterling promptly nose- 
dived through the 
floor for the currency of 68, 
dragging tire gflts market to 
unprecedented lows. At the 
long end some stocks are 25 
per cent off their highs for foe 

Yet in a curious way, the 
Prime Minister's statement' 
contained the seeds of pos- 
sible recovery for the market. 
The bullish argument is cer- 
tainly subtle, perhaps Tptiiw 
oos, and almost certainly' 
short-term. Bat a good case 
can be made lor buying the 

gflts market at these extraor- 
dinary yield peaks. 

Brave souls were plunging 
in fete fest.week and buying 
the high coupon stocks for 
income. Meanwhile, the trad- 
ers were switching longer, out 
of die safe 1993-95 areas and 
into the zones where real 
volatility can be found. 

With some good fortune, 
assuming foe currency stands 
up in the hope that this 
week's crop of data will be 
good, most notably tomor- 
row's October trade figures, 
there is a reasonable chance 
that the market will rebound 
from these levels. It is not 
quite a case of buying while 
stocks last; more a matter of 
deciding that speculation, in 
the shortterm, can prove the 
better part of valour. 

The Rome Minister's re- 
marks torpedoed market 
hopes of an early panacea to 
apprehensions about ram- 
pant credit growth, huge bal- 
ance of payments deficits and 

slumping sterling . This is 
what the EMS means for tbe 

Britain was opting not to 
become a fledgling member 
of the new German empire. 
But, by die same token, fear 
of an early poBcy-inspired 
rise in interest rates and a 
severe ti ghtening in. credit 
policy were also removed. 
These policy moves would 
form part of tbe.entry fee to 

The removal of these fee- 
ton from the generalized gflt 
market equation effectively 
leaves tbe market free to re- 
orient itself towards New 
York and perhaps otter 
world bond markets. A new 
flexibility returns to the mar- 
ket, provided all the other 
bits and pieces fit into place, 

It is remarkable what good 
things have been happening 
across the global village re- 
cently. The New York market 
pretty wen succumbed to a 
terminal stock overload after 
the Japanese refused to bid at 
the November Treasury auc- 
tions. Later, however, the 
Fed waded in with all kinds 
of help for the bond market 

A coupon pass was fol- 
lowed by substantial assis- 
tance through system repose. 
The market slowly recovered 
its prase. During the latest 
rally the long end has fallen 
' about 45 basis points in yield 
terms; returns have dectined 
from a peak of nearly 8 per 
cent to about 7.50 per cent 

The performance was help- 
ed fay broad hints from Mr 
Manud Johnson, tbe Fed’s 
vice-chairman, that extra 
scope existed for a discount 
rate cut A heavy hint to the 
market to miHgft it fntn 

action? Perhaps, but braid 
traders atilt reacted po- 

The Japanese market 
been firm and so have Ger- 
man bonds. In some respects 

j Figures in £OOOs for the six 
i months to . Se p tem b e r 30. Tura- 
1 over 17,445 (17.393) operating 

profit 676 (403) finance chaises 
280 (379) profit before tax 396 
(24) eammgs per share Q.9p (loss 
2p) fully dfluted earnings per 
share 0-7p (loss 0J2p). 

• S LYLES: Trading continues 
(0 be buoyant tbe chairman, Mr 
John Lyles, told the annual 

Law Report Nov 24 1986 

Good case can be 
made for buying 
at present peaks 

Frankfurt has turned in one 
of the most surprising perfor- 
mances. Prices have zipped 
ahead in the fece of continued 
Bundesbank in t ransience 
over easier credit policies. 

Yields have fallen from a 
recent peak of about 6.07 per 
cent to close on 6 per cent 
The latest stock offering from 
the Federal Government, 6Vz 

percent 1996, has strained to 
a premium of DM2 over the 

a premium of DM2 over the 
issue price. 

As British yields near 12 
per cent, tbe level of protec- 
tion on offer ought to guar- 
antee adequate investor pro- 
tection. A turn in the market 
looks imminent. 

Conversely, if stocks fail to 
bounce and investors refuse 
to buy Ion yields at 11 per 
cent plus, then it is on to ever 
higher levels of return, with 
savers and borrowers still 
seeking an equflibrium area 
iff dialogue. And back to the 
Terror of tbe Screens. 

Christopher Dmm 



Cerilrust Savings Bank now has 47 branches in its home state 
of Florida and another 42 loan and mortgage offices spread throughout 
the US. It’s growing fast in the key American growth markets. Assets are 
now $6.1 billion, an increase of 25% over the last year and we have just 
declared profits after tax of $55.9 million for the year ending September 
30, 1986. Those profits represent a return on equity of 25-23%. 

In the same period shareholders equity almost doubled to 
$296.8 million and CenTrust’s net interest margin rose to $28.3 million. 

That puts Cerilrust in the top 25 of all US savings institutions 
by assets. 

Our success is based on a commitment to excellence, on modem 
entrepreneurial flair and on good old fashioned hard work. 

Cetfl hist aims to use its combination of financial stability and 
: — — 1 dynamic management to 



. (In Thousands Except Per Share Data) 

• Fiscal \fear Ended September 30 1 



Interest Income — . 



Interest Expense 



■ Net Interest Margin < loss) r 



Loan & Investment Loss Provision 



Gains on Sales of Investments 


. 36,475 

Net Income — — 



Per Share..- — - — - — 

. 7.84 


AsofSeptemberjO I 



Total Assets... .. — 

$6442,788 $4,711,001 

Total Srocklioldeis' Equity - 



. Book Value per Common Share _ 

: 27.04 


Common Shares Outstanding- — 



expand steadily in its four 
core businesses: retail, 
commercial and mortgage 
banking, and capital markets. 

The company is apply- 
ing for a listing on The London 
Stock Exchange. Particulars 
can be obtained from the 

Banque Paribas Capital 
Markets, 17-20 Lincolns Inn 
Fields, London WG2A 3ED. 
TeL 01-242 0173. 

Cerilrust Savings Bank 

1 01 East Flagler Street Miami, FL 331 31 

• BOC GROUP: A £128 mil- 
lion write-down of assets in the 
graphite electrode business will 
be shown in the consolidated 
profit and loss account for the 

ye ar to September 30 as an 
exceptional item. For compari- 
son p urp o se s, all segmental 
analysis will be based cm operat- 
ing profits before exceptional 

•DEJAM GROUP* Trading 
for tbe present financial year has 

been significantly stronger than 
for tbe disappotntisg year just 
reported, the annual meeting 
was told. 

has agreed with Elf UK iM t 
subject to contract, it win ex- 
change all its Neath Sea and 
other British offshore oil 
e x pl orati on interests (excluding 
its Claymore. Rob Roy/Ivanhoe 
and So nthern N Sea gas in- 
terests) for Elf s interests in 26 
British onshore licences, mainly 
in tbe Midlands and Yorkshire. 

• SOMIO The dividend for 

the six months to September 30 
was 0.5p (same) sales 
£1,556,454 ((£1,494,385) trad- 
ing loss £19,377 (profit £21.257) 
income from rents (net) £30,069 
(£32,105) profit before tax 
£10.692 (£53.362) no tax 

(£16,009) earnings per share 
0-53p (I.868p). 

TTLEFOLDS: The company 
has t parhwT agreement for ^ 
sale, for £20 mflfronTof GKN 
S ten man division to two Swed- 
ish investment companies, 
Heavea A Investment and Car- 
negie and Company. 

AND COMPANY: The com- 
pany has been appointed ar- 
ranger for a $50 miTHrtn (£35 
tniffion) unwwnwtwH Euro 

mmmMrial pppg r tn citron ot* 

programme for Sweden's 
Skaraborgsbanken. Notes will 
be ixmad under tbe programme 
with maturities of between 1 1 
and 365 days. 

GING The low tin price will 
have an adverse effect on tbe 
company's performance for the 
present year, shareholders have 
been t old. 

• SEAFIELD: Forthe 24 weeks 
to Jose 14, with figures in Ir£, 
group turnover was 3,119,000 

(3.228.000) group trading profit 
17,935 (37,782 loss), share of 
associated company’s profit nil 
(19,540), depreciation and in- 
terest 70^08 (101,717). loss 
before tax and extraordinary 
Hems 52J73 (119,959). tax nil 

(9.000) extraordinary items nil 

pany has agreed in principle to 
purchase, for about £17 milli on, 
the exploration and production- 
interests ofSalpetro, a Canadian 



The dividend for the six months 
to September 30 is 0.5p (nil). 
With figures in JEOOOs, turnover 

No dividend for the year to June 
30. Whh figures in £000s. 
turnover was 31,272 (42,495 
restated), operating profit 1,310 
(23,974 loss), interest payable 
286 (2^00), pretax profit 1.024 
(26,274 loss). Tax receivable 401 
(276 payable). Minority in- 
terests ml (1.403 cdl), extraor- 
dinary items 19,552 (nfl), 
earnings per share 2.83p 
(41 8.41 p loss). 

ERS: The dividend for the six 
months to September 30 is IJp 
(same). Whh figures in £000s, 
turnover was 6^86 (4.277). 
pretax profit 254 (323), tax 89 
(1 14). Pre-acquisition profits oil 
(45 debt), attributable 165(164). 
Earnings per share 4.42p 

Choice of forum 


For tbe six months to July 31. 
With figures in £0005. turnover 
was 137,217 (153,697). Operat- 
ing profit 14,049 (26,094), in- 
terest payable 7,611 
(8J99)£xchange losses 23.1 
(1,947 gains). Profit before tax 
6007 (19,642). tax 2.045 

(7,568). Profit after tax 4,162. 

• EQUIPTJ: The company has 
reached agreement to acquire 
MeOordata, conditional on the 
approval of Equipu share- 
holders and on the admission to 
the official list of 357,143 new 
ordinary shares, which win be 
issued to tbe vendors on 

unaudited net asset value per 
share on October 31 was 605p, 
after dedurtrng tbe proposed 
final dividend, payable on 
December 18. 

Fra tbe six months to July 31. 
with figures in £000s. turnover 

was 4,792 (5,002), pretax profit 
528 (573). tax 180 (234). Turn- 
over and profit margins contin- 
ued to under pressure. 

The company reports growth in 
group activities during the year 
ended Jane 30, despite weak tin 
and nickel markets. C onsoli- 
dated net loss for tbe year after 
making provisions for write-offs 
of Aus$ 1.597.000 (£719,855), 

Spfliada Maritime Corpora- 
tion v Cansulex Ltd 
Before Lord Keith of Kinkel, 
Lord Tempteman, Lord Grif- 
fiths, Lord Mackay of 
Cfesbfem and Lord Goff of 

[Speeches November 19] 

In deciding whether a case 
was a proper one fra service 
on a defendant out of the 

jurisdiction, the question to be 
asked was in which forum the 
case could most suitably and 
appropriately be tried for tbe 
interests of all the parties and 
for the ends of justice. 

The House of Lords so held 
in allowing an appeal by tbe 
plaintiffs, Spfliada Maritime 
Corporation, from the order 
of tbe Court of Appeal (Lord 
Justice Neill and Lord Justice 
Oliver) (The Times March 16, 
1985; [1985] 2 Lloyd's Rep 
1 16) reversing the decision of 
Mr Justice Staugbton on 
November 16, 1984. 

Mr Justice Staugbton had 
dismissed the application of 
the Canadian defendants, 
Cansulex Ltd, to set aside or 
stay tbe proceedings brought 
against them by the plaintiffs 
regarding damage caused to 
their vessel through the car- 
riage of the defendants’ cargo 
of wet sulphur. 

Mr Kenneth RoJtison, QC 
and Mr Nicholas Legh-Jones 
for the p laintiffs ; Mr Robert 
Alexander, QC and Mr Peter 
Goldsmith for the defendants. 

that tbe solution of disputes 
about the relative merits of 

was AusSl.813,000 (profit ofl trial in England and trial 

AusS (.021.000 in 1984-85). 

Terms have been agreed on “an 
increased and final offer” to be 
made on behalf of Ranger UK. 
The offer will be 64p in cash fra, 
each Berkeley share, patting a; 
value of £15.6 million ron the 
Berkeley issued share capital. 
Clyde Petroleum says that it has ! 
sold to Ranger its entire holding 
of 6,132,844 Berkeley ordinary 
shares at 64p a share for £3.9 
million cash. As a result, with 
tbe consent of the Takeover 
Panel, the offer by Clyde for 
Berkeley has been withdrawn. 
The buyer of the Berkeley shares 
is Foothills, a wholly-owned 
subsidiary of Ranger Oil, which 
now bolds 14.516.143 shares 
(about 59.5 percent). 

INGS: Interim dividend 36 
cents or I2p (32 cents), payable 
about January 17. Prefer re d 
dividend 67_5 ce n t s (nil). Fig- 
ures in rand 000s for the six 
months to September 30 
(comparisons restated). Turn- 

over 1,328.8 (1,1493), pretax 
profit 533 (26.2), tax 19.4 (5.4). 
Earnings attributable 44.7 
(23.6), earnings per share 703 
cents (41.6 cents). 

its success, the Euro commercial 

was 4,010 (3,499), pretax profit 
759 (223), tax 178 (60) minority 
interest 1 (IX profit attributable 
580 (162) earnings per share 

•^L HCMJMNGS: 2^78,- 
003 new ordinary shares have 
been allotted as additional 
consideration for Schools 
Abroad, Pilgrim-Air and the 
minority interest in H and C 
T ravels way. 

HOLDINGS: The chairman, 
Mr Tom Sinclair, told the 
annual mcc tin gthat turnover so 
far this year is 20 per cent ahead 
of the corresponding period of 
last year. 

abroad was pre-eminently a 
matter fra tbe trial judge. 
Commercial Court judges 
were very experienced in such 
matters. In nearly every case 
evidence was on affidavit by 
witnesses of acknowledged 

His Lordship hoped that in 
foture the judge would be 
allowed to study the evidence 
and refresh his memory of the 
speech of Lord Goff in the 
present case in the quiet of his 
room without expense to the 
parties; that be would not be 
referred to other decisions on 
other facts; and that sub- 
missions would be be mea- 
sured in hours and not days. 

An appeal should be rare 
and tbe appellate court should 
be slow to interfere. His 
Lordship agreed with Lord 
Goff that there were no 
grounds for interference in the 
present case. 

LORD GOFF said that in 
cases where jurisdiction had 
been founded as of right, that 
is, where in this country the 
defendant had been served 
with proceedings within the 

paper p m g r a mme is to be I jurisdiction, the defe nd a n t 
increased from $75 ariffion (£52 1 could now apply to the court 

million) to Si 50 million. Tbe 
expanded programme win. for 
the first time, include the issue 
of sterling commercial paper in 
denominations of £500,000 and 
£1 milli on. The company has 
announced an increase in its 
revolving credit facilities from 
$75 million to $140 million. The 
short-dated promissory notes 
will continue to be issued by 
Ladbroke Group Finance, a 
wholly-owned subsidiary by 
whom the issue is guaranteed. 






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•Uoyda Bank 

— 1JS235-1-6304 

— 2.189U-2.1926 
__ U5305-O5S45 

_ *3895-73295 
_ 195J5-1B7.75 

_ 0.41 35-0.4 1^5 
_ 3380006900 


_ 2722007354 

— 6379002190 
__ 0095600893 

— 3.147*01838 
_ 5.170502105 

Swtaertsnd — 

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1 -3470-10500 


— — 20045-20065 

















to exercise its discretion to 
stay the proceedings on the 
groimd usually called forum 
non conveniens. 

That principle, long rec- 
ognized in Scots few, had only 
been recognized recently m 
England. Tbe classic state- 
ment was that of Lord 
Kinnear in Sim v Robinow 
((1892) 19 R 665, 668): 

“The plea can never be 
sustained unless the court is 
satisfied that there is some 
tribunal, having competent 
jurisdiction, in which the case 
may be tried more suitably for 
the interests of all the parties 
and for the ends of justice.” 

It was to be doubted 
whether the Latin tag forum 
non conveniens was apt to 
describe that principle. Fra 
the question was not one of 
convenience, bat of tbe 
suitability or the appropriale- 
■ ness of the jurisdiction. 

The Latin tag was so widely 
used it was probably sensible 
10 retain it, but it was most 
important not to allow it to 
mislead one into thinking that 
tbe question at issue was one 
of mere practical convenience. 

In the light of authoritative 
statements of the Scottish 
doctrine it was wiser to avoid 
use of “convenience” and to 
refer to the “ app ropriate” 

The law could at present be 
summarised as follows: 

1 The basic principle was that 

than the English forum. 

In that way, proper regard 
was paid 10 the feet that 
jurisdiction had been founded 
in England as of right There 
was the further advantage 
that, on a subject where 
comity was of importance, it 
appeared that there would be a 
broad consensus among major 
common law jurisdictions. 

4 Since the question was 
whether there existed some 
other forum which was clearly 
more appropriate for the trial 
of the action, the court would 
look first to see what factors 
existed which pointed in the 
direction of another forum. 

It was desirable to adopt tbe 
expression of Lord Keith in 
The Abin Dover ([1984] AC 
398, 415) when he referred to 
the “natural forum" as being 
“that with which the action 
had the most real and substan- 
tial connection". 

So it was for connecting 
factors m that sense that the 
court had first to look; and 
those would include not only 
factors affecting convenience 
or expense (such as availabil- 
ity of witnesses), but also other 
factors such as the law govern- 
ing tbe relevant transaction 
and the places where tbe 
parties respectively resided or 
carried on business. 

5 If the court concluded at that 
stags that there was no other 
available forum which was 
dearly more appropriate for 
the trial of the action, it would 
ordinarily refuse a stay. 

6 If however, the court con- 
cluded at that stage that there 
was some other available fo- 
rum which prima fade was 
clearly more appropriate for 
the trial of the action, it would 
ordinarily grant a stay unless 
there were circumstances by 
reason of which justice re- 
quired that a stay should 
nevertheless not be granted. 

In that inquiry, the court 
would consider all the circum- 
stances, induding thosewhich 
went beyond those taken into 
account when considering 
connecting factors with other 
jurisdictions. One such factor 
could be the fact, if established 
objectively by cogent ev- 
idence, that the plaintiff 
would not obtain justice in the 
foreign jurisdiction. 

As to how the principle was 
applied m cases where the 
court exercised its dis- 
cretionary power under Order 
1 1 of the Rules of the Supreme 
Court, an apparent difference 
of view was to be found in the 
speeches of Lord Diplock and 
Lord Wilberforce in the Amin 
Rasheedcase ([1984] AC 50). 

The statement of Lord 
Wflberforce was the ap- 
plicable principle. It bore a 
marked resemblance to the 
principles applicable in forum 
non conveniens cases. 

It was inevitable that the 
question in both groups of 
cases was that expressed by 
Lord Kinnear in Sim v 
Robinow, namely, to identify 
the forum in which the case 
could be suitably tried for the 
interests of all the parties and 
for the ends of justice. 

Clearly, the mere fact that a 
plaintiff had a legitimate per- 
sonal or juridical advantage in 
proceedings in England could 
not be decisive: To give tbe 
plaintiff his advantage at the 
expense of the defendant was 
not consistent with the objec- 
tive approach inherent in 
Lord Kumear’s statement of 

The underlying fun- 
damental principle remained: 
to consider where the case 
could be tried “suitably for the 
interests all the parties and the 
ends of justice”. For example, 
an English court would not, 
normally, hesitate to stay 
proceedings merely because a 
party would be deprived of 
higher damages here. 

But the underlying principle 
required that regard must be 
had to the interests of all the 
parlies and the ends of justice; 
and those considerations 
could lead to a different 
conclusion in other cases. 

Fra example, it would not 

normally be wrong to allow a 
plaintiff to keep the benefit of 
security obtained by 
commencing proceedings 
here, while at the same time 
granting a stay of proceedings 
in tiiis country to enable the 
action to proceed in the 
appropriate forum. 

Again, in relation to time 
bars, practical justice de- 
manded that, if the court 
considered that the plaintiff 
had acted reasonably in 
commencing proceedings in 
this country, and that, al- 
though it appeared that 
(putting on one side the lime 
bar point) the appropriate 
forum was elsewhere than 
England, the plaintiff did not 
act unreasonably in failing to 
commence proceedings (for 
example by issuing a protec- 
tive writ) in that jurisdiction 
within the limitation period 
applicable there, it would not 
be just to deprive the plaintiff 
of the benefit of having started 
proceedings here. 

The present case was a 
classic example of one where 
tbe appellate court had simply 
formed a different view of the 
weight to be given to the 
various factors, and was not 
therefore an appropriate case 
for interfering with the ex- 
ercise of the judge’s discretion. 

Lord Keith, Lord Griffiths 
and Lord Mackay agreed. 

Solicitors: Holman Fenwick 
& Willan; l.inklarers & Paines. 

a stay would only be granted 
on the ground of forum non 
conveniens where the court 
was satisfied that there was 
some other available forum, 
having competent jurisdic- 
tion, which was the appro- 
priate forum for the trial, that 
is, in which tbe case could be 
tried more suitably fra the 
interests of aD the parties and 
the ends of justice. 

2 In general the burden of 
proof rested on the defendant 
to persuade the court to 
exercise its discretion to grant 
a stay, although in respect of 
such matters raised to per- 
suade the court to exercise its 
discretion the burden would 
lie on the party asserting it 

Furthermore, if the court 
was satisfied that there was 
another available forum 
which was prima facie the 
appropriate forum the burden 
would then shift to the plain- 
tiff 10 show that there were 
■special circumstances by 
which justice required that the 
trial should nevertheless take 
place in England. 

3 The burden resting on the 
defendant was not just to 
show that England was not the 
natural or appropriate forum 
for the trial but to establish 
that there was another avail- 
able forum which was dearly 
or distinctly more appropriate 


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October 5lT 1988 nctorivo: 11.237 per 





A guide to 

University ef Glasgow 

Bepartmeai of Electronics sad 
Electrics! Eagioeeriog 

Research Appointments - 
Integrated Optics, 
Semtcondacfer and Pfcessccnd 

Applications are invited for the appointment 
of Bursar from 1st September, 1987, on the 
retirement of Mr. J.E. Madocks. 

Two posts are available for suitably qualified (Ph.D. level) 
researchers to wort in a major group currently supported | 
by a substantial grant from SERG. Research is concerned 
wttr novel semiconductor lasers, monolithic optical 
integration, non-linsar guidsd-wave optics and all-optica . 
switching devices with picosecond response times. > 
Excellent facilities for high-resolution electron-beam and i 

stage of preparation. Also available are picosecond laser 
^ facilities and microwave test equipment for device 
measurement. The group is therefore in an excellent , 
position to design, make and test a new generation of j 
high-speed devices for future optical communications, ; 
optical logic and optically-controlled microwave systems. 

The University's recurrent income 
approaches £50 million and capital works in 
train total some £2 million. The Bursar is 
head of sections of the administration dealing 
with such matters as financial management, 
investments, income generation, captial 
works, engineering services, and the 
maintenance and develooment of the 
University estate. Extensive experience in at 
least some of these areas, not necessarily in 
universities, will be required. Salary in 
accordance with experience. 

Appointments will be for up to three years on Range 1A 
scale (Academically Related Staff) with commencing 
^salaries up to £11,275 per annum (wider review). 
Fnnmeers Materials Scientists and Physicists with 

Further particulars and conditions of 
tiie appointment may be obtained 
from the Staff Appointments Officer, 
j University of Nottingham, University 
Park, Nottingham MG7 2HD. 

Engineers, Materials Scientists and Physicists with 
■research experience in norHinear and guided-wave 
optics, expitaxiaf growth or semiconductor lasers should 

Letters quoting the reference 1079 and the 
Form of Application should reach him not 
I later than 15 January 1987. 

Applications, including C.V. (three copies) with names 
and addresses of two referees, should he sen! to 
■Professor John Lamb, Department of Electronics and 
Electrical Engineering, University of Glasgow. Glasgow 
:G1Z BQQ, not later than 13 December. 

1 Further particulars will be provided -upon request 


t Centre for Health 

Research Fellow 

HsaaS ef Department 
ef Life Sciences 

£19,633 £21,639 

Applications are invited from graduates in 
economics, economic statistics or econo-; 
metrics, for a post of research fellow. 
Applicants need have no previous 
experience in health economics but must be 
prepared to invest in these skills. Tne post 
;is concerned with costing health care 
therapies and investigating the cost 
[effectiveness of screening procedures. The 
post is amiable for two years in the first 

Applications are invited from well 
quzfifisd biologists for the post of Head 
of Department cf Life Sciences. 
Candidates win be expected to have 
substantia] teaching and research 
experience in higher education and have 
industrial experience. The successful 
cffidufate is expected to promote strong 
academic leadership and win be eligible 
for consideration for election to the 
Professoriate of Trent Polytechnic. The 
appointment will be effective frcm Easter 
1987 or alternatively from die beginning 
of 1987/88 academic session. 

■Salary within the range £7,055 to £9,495 per g 
annum, with USS. (These salary scales are £ 
currently under review) g 

i ruS-V. *■ 

Application forms and further 
parricide rs are av3flabte from the 
Staffing Officer, Trent Polytechnic, 
Burton Street, Nottingham NG1 
4SU (Telephone 0302 41 £248, est 
2041). Closing date lor receipt of 
applications: S December, 1385. 

Six copies of applications with full * 
curriculum vitae and naming three referees 
[ should be sent to the Registrar's 
Department (Appointments), University of 
-York, Heslington, York, YOl 5DD. 
^Further particulars are available. Please 
jquote advertisement reference number 

Closing date Monday 8 December 1986. 

ODitfEHSiTY gf mnwm&n 



Centre for Philosophy and Public Affairs 


ISacn year tne otters two voitmc research 

fellowships, the TEN N ENT CALEDONIAN 
SCOTLAND FELLOWSHIP. These are intended 
primarily though not nchinvely far professional 
philosophers and political theorists and Mbb^rical 
ItovQ from their own university or college. The 
fellowships carry with them a room in the 
Department of Moral Philosophy, access to library 
ana word-process Log facilities, limited secretarial 
services, a travel allowance, accommodation in one of 
the University’s Halls of residence (or an 
accommodation allowance of similar value I . research 
expenses, and a small honorarium. Fellowships an? 
normally held for one academic term, but may he held 

for longer by those who are able to bring additional 
financial support with them. 

Applications Tor these two fellowships for the 
academic year 1987/88 are now invited. Applicants 
should send: 

1) A curriculum vitae 

2) Outline of preposed research 

31 The names and addresses of at least two 

4) A letter indicating the period during 
which the applicant, if successful, would 
prefer to hold the fellowship. 

prefer to 

To The Establishment Officer, Uni ve rsit y of St 
Andrews. College Gate. St Andrews, Fife. KY 16 9AJ 

Andrews. College Cate. St Andrews 
from whom further information me 
the dosing data of 12 January 19f 

be obtained by 

University ef London 



The Senate invite appRcations far the 2 bove Chair. Applications 
(10 copies), which would be welcome from candidates with 
experience m any particular area of Law. should be submitted to 
the Teachers' Section (T). University of London. Senate House, 
Male! Street London WC1E 7HU, from whom further particulars 
should first be obtained. 

77ie closing date for recti pf at applications is 9 Jama y 1987. 

Applications are invited tor a Lectureship (Mon-Clinical) 
in the Department of General Practice. Tire is a new 
position and it is hoped to attract applicants from either 
behavioural or statistical disciplines. The appointee 
would be expected to contribute to the Department’s 
expanding teaching and research programme. In addition 
to pursuing his/her own research interests the Lecturer 
would be expkiad to provide the Department with 
expertise m research design and statistics. 

Initial salary will be within the first seven points of the 
Lecturer scale with membership of USS. 

Further information available from Professor E. Idriss 
Williams, Department cf General Practice. Telephone 
Nottingham (0602) 700111 extension 4592. 

Other particular and a form of application may be 
obtained from the Deputy Registrar and Secretary, 
Medical School. Queens Medical Centre, Nottingham, 
NG7 2UH whom completed applications should be 
returned by 12 January 1987. 



The University of Nottingham invites applications 
from registered medical practitioners for a newly 
established Chair of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 
The Professor will head a unit sited at the Coy 
Hospital. Nottingham and he wiU be accorded 
Honorary Consultant status in the National Health 
Service. The Profess or will be a member of the 
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 
(Professor E M Symonds - University Hospital) 
and it is envisaged that the Chairmanship of the 
Department will rotate between the two professors 
after an appropriate time. 

The salary will he within the axroraoriate 

The salary will be within the appropriate 
professorial range with membership of the 
Utr.vtsiiies Superannuation Scheme. 

Full partirulerg of the appointment, together with 
copies of relevant documents concerning the 

Medical School and application forms, may be 
obtained from the Deputy Registrar Kid Secretary, 
Medical School. Queen's Medical Centre. 
Nottingham, NG7 2UH. Applications should be 
returned fay 1 January 1987". 


LLB? BSc (Earn)? 

Three Year Degree Courses in 
Law * Accountancy ■ Management • Banking 
Entry; LLB - 3 ‘O’s & 2 ‘As Grade D (£ in 1987) 
BSc - 3 Ofe «£ 2 ’Afe Grade £. 


One fear Courses start each October and 
IS month courses start in April 

ror_rurmc^tut j 0c£<!r; ; pa'rIiSiiiit> otrt url-ittm 


The demand tar the famed man or woman Chiropodist in tfts 
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The SUE hMHiA hstaHstod 19lS) 

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(are pay yto to train) 

An MSC funded sructured jmmamm mg coarse (CM 417 
Applications Pregrammr-g - COBOL) is commencing 12/1/87. 

A weekly allowance is paid to efigibfe students. 

Tel 01-773 8322 NOW to arrange an interview for aptitude 
tests which are on 9/10/1 1 December. 

Successfii appficstts wfl be interviewed on the IStfr or 18th 



We haw helped thousaxis to 
succeed by dmoanq the njjfct 
course and rareet Consult 
« TI aecw*rtTWm.wt 

*"» 01-S3S£452(34hn} 


A priest is always on call 



Staton# Cones 


Ijpw reto. 

Ited Pcosra. C 

SSiS/i ‘ 

i SO tort MgfeD a«t loWWBl 


Mans 3 fun team' wort: 

before degree coarse 
application. Places available 
for April 1W. Fufl details 
01-822 3960 


Three week covrsa io Fto*®- 
Arranging aad Porisuy beta 

ibrawboui the year. 
Two day courses also 

Please ring: 

n-G3SI71fer father 

8171 far fane detaib, 
i Brew Sorts, 
avka Sill 7 AG. 

A year or so ago I attended an event 
billed as a “Jobfait" designed to bring 
together employers seeking staff and 
people seeking jobs. And from the 

numbere present h appeared to be a great 


As I strolled among the booths 
occupied by in vestment brokers, cater- 
ing firms and the like, I stum Wed upon a 
solitary figure wearing a den cal collar. 
My first thought was that he must be the 
chaplain to some captain of com merce. 
But when we got into conve rsation it 
turned out that he was in the recruitment 
business too, although admittedly his 
firm had been in business for a good 
many centuries longer than the others. 

If his appearance occasioned surprise, 
it is surely because the priesthood is 
regarded as different from other pro- 
fessions. It is much more than just a job 
with terms and conditions of service, etc. 
It is a vocation. Yet perhaps it is not so 
very different . . 

Recruitment and training are every bit 
as important for this as for other, 
professions, not to mention salaries and 
pensions. Two miSenia ago life was 
somewhat simpler. . . 

As with any profession, is it in- 
advisable to make any. long-term 
commitment until you have a dear idea 

Roger Jones looks 
at the demands 
and rewards of 

a spiritual calling 


off ere 

A strong religions 
co mmi tment is vital 

Z term agoracoro stsrtng 

and i term intensive secretarial 
awsaJtm. April and Sq* 

3 term oocu&ve secretarial ausa 
September 1987 
Prospectus: 18 Dunraven Street 
Part Lane. London W7V 3FE 
Tat 01-629 2904 

of the pros and cons? One needs to shake 
off, for example, the preconception that a 
priest is primarily a social worker, or that 

a rural parson has plenty of time on his 
hands for the study of butterflies. 

While there is certainly a social 
component and a study element in a 
priest's work, ins chief concern is the 
saving of souls. A strong religions 
commitment is, therefore, vitaL 

There are times when the spiritual 
benefits of the work may seem poor 
compensation for the material benefits 

Sccrtfarui. Busmen ana Lan- 
guage Course. Ware Processor 
Training. Cn<*ati tor OvarsMS 
Students ReafcJentatBf Oar Stu- 
dents. The Retfstrar mi. 2 
ArtcwrtgW Road. London NWS 
SAD. TcL 01-4SS 9631. 


enjoyed by one’s parishioners, as a friend 
of mine found when trying to support his 
growing family on a curate's salary- 

Indeed, unless you are lucky enough to 
enjoy a private income, your life-style 
will need to be fairly modest Yet, 
whatever the other drawbacks, you may 
be reasonably sure of a roof over your 
head, although you have to remember 
that your rights to a tied cottage may well 
come to an end with retirement 

Not that you are obliged to retire, and I 
was interested to learn recently of a 
parish priest who was still active at the 
age of 100. 

What sort of people go into holy 
orders? At one time most churches 
restricted entry to the priesthood to the 
male of the species, but we live in 
changing times. The Church of England, 
for . instance, is agonizing over the 
problem of whether to appoint women 
priests, while some of the Free Churches 


Easy morning tuition then 

sb the rest of tin day. 
Living with a French family 
in their comfortable chalet 
facing Mont Blanc. Lan- 
guage taught to all levels 
according to requirements 
(business, culbni, inten- 
sive courses, etc.). 

Write Mis Lejour, BP % 
74920 Combloux, 

Tel 010 33 21 05 09 19. 

f ~~ \ Trent Polytechnic Nottingham 

JftkNotlinphamshireCoum.v Council. 1 



rustics rt to be known Bsfl there 
are ScMarslups awAabte lor the 
cfstjrai at pndBng ftxnar 
Csfeofic parents wto atteraJal Oe 
U Satin CoSage. Jesey. 

have already taken the derisio n to d o so. 

There is every reason to expect an 
increase in career opportunities for 
women at all levels in religious organiza- 
tions, although the prospect of a lady 
Archbishop of Canterbury still looks 
decidedly remote. 

On the other hand, age seems to be no 
barrier and I can name people who after 
spending several years in such diverse 
professions as computer programming, 
teaching and aoconntancy now wear dog 
collars. Maturity and experience of the 
world are counted as assets which can 
help greatly in understanding the needs 
and problems of one's parish oners. 

Good communication skills are essen- 
tial, although the ability to preach a 
three-hour sermon is mercifully -no 
longer required. Compassion and the 
ability to offer sound advice are also 
desirable qualities, particularly in iso- 
lated communities where counselling 
services may be practically non-existent. 

A would-be priest or minister needs 
also to be blessed with intelligence, as he 
will have to cope with a demanding 
course of training, and resilience, since 
his faith will be subjected to every kind 
of pressure in this modern age: It is not a 
career for the fainthearted. 

If you believe that the ministry is 
definitely for you, the first step is usually 
to approach your parish priest or local 
minister who can offer advice and will 
refer you to the appropriate person or 
authority. Alternatively, you can ap- 
proach the body which handles recruit- 
ment directly, which — in the case of the 
Anglican Church — is the Advisory 
Council for the Church’s Minhtry. 

You wiU be subjected to interviews 
and assessments to discover whether you 
have the right qualities for work of this 
nature. If everyone is satisfied, you are 
then recommended for a particular type 
of training; the length of which is usially 
dependent on age. 

For example, the Church of England 
would normally expect anyone under 30 
without a degree in Theology to take a 
three-year course of study, if you are in 
your 30s, a two-year full-time course is 
generally prescribed, although there may 
be the option of studying part-time for a 
longer period. 

More mature candidates for the 
ministry would normally undergo up to 
two years' training before being pre- 
sented for ordination. 

Once you have obtained the pre- 
scribed qualification, most churches will 
require you to serve an “apprenticeship” 
as a curate or assistant priest in a parish. 
Once you have passed this hurdle 

successfully, you can other continue 
with parish work or specialize in another 
area. ■ 

Chaplains, for instance, seem to be 
much in demand whether io the armed 
forces, prisons or education. A former 
cofigagite of mine with a background in 
education opted far the latter course by 
becoming a school chaplain in matters 
both spiritual and intellectual 

This deciscu has suited his tempera- 
ment and talents admirably. Others with 
a background in industry opt to become 
industrial chaplains either on a full-time 
baris or in addition to their parish duties. 

If you years for foreign dimes, there 
should be plenty of oppor&inities over- 
seas, since virtually all the churches 
operate world-wide. You might decide to 
enlist with a missionary society and 
follow in the footsteps of Noel Coward's 
Unde Harry, or minister to an expatriate 
community in some for off land — work 
which is every bit as challenging as 
dealing with a large inner city parish. 

Few priests have the luxury of a nine- 
to-five day.. Apart from Sunday work 
there is usually plenty to do in the 
evenings: meetings to attend, people to 
counsel, emergencies to deal wiih. An 
embassy chaplain once told me that at 
every social function he attended there 

Yon are net escaping 
from worldly matters 

was at least one person who took him 
aside to ask for advice. A priest, it seems, 
is always on calL 

This total commitment has implica- 
tions for the priest's family, if he has one. 
A vicar's wife often has to take on the 
role of unpaid assistant, answering 
telephone calls when her husband is out, 
dealing with callers, motivating women's 
groups within the parish, etc. Not every 
woman finds she is able to adapt easily to 
this role, especially if her husband has 
opted for the priesthood after years in 
some other profession. 

Joining the ministry is not a derison to 
be taken lightly, since it is not so roach a 
profession as a way of life. While the 
importance of the priesthood may have 
diminished with the increasing 
secularization of society, nevertheless 
the clergy are still looked upon as leaders 
within their respective communities. 

You are not escaping from woridy 
matters when you turn your collar 
round. You are seeking to convince the 
world of its need to change its ways. 
Candidates lacking personality or 
conviction should not apply. 

More information can be obtained from: 
The Advisory Council for the Church’s 
Ministry (Anglican), 01-222 9011 
Father Hanson (SC), 0253 733661 
Church of Scotland: 031-225 5722 
Methodist Cimrcfc 01-930 760S 
Baptist Union: 01-405 9803 
United Reformed Church: 01-837 7661 

ft tfpiifa bndfy reply 
runetteJEiy tcc 
BOX J41 




MerryhiH Road, Bushey, Herts. 
430 Girls (Boarding and Day) 7-18 years. 


1987 Scholarships 

Academic Music General 

and sixth turn 

Entrance at 13 ' 
liodudes leadership 
and games) 

Girls may join the School at any age, 
but the Entrance Examinations for 
girls wishing to join the School in 
September, 1987 at the age of 1 1 + or 
7+ will take place on Friday 30th 
January, 1 987 (1 1 +) and on Thursday 
30th April, 1987(7+). 

Please apply details to- 

The Headmaster King's Colle ge. 
Thnntoo. Somoset. (or Phone OS23-727D8). 

If this date is impossible, please 
contact St Margarets as an 
alternative date may be arranged. 


Cheltenham Coliege is offering 15 
scholarships and awards, worth, in 
one case, up to 80 per cent off school 

Entry to the Sixth Form is welcomed, 
and is based on a girl’s performance 
at ‘O’ level. There are 8 Scholarships 
available annually in the Sixth Form. 
Any parents and daughters interested 
in seeing the School are invited to 
telephone and make an appointment 
. for a visit Full details of entry are 
available from the Registrar 
(telephone number 01 950 1548). 

fees, for gifted boys of 13+ in 

TECHNOLOGY, MUSIC, as well a $ in 



The Research and Information Division of 
SOUTH Magazine requires a researcher/ 
journalist for its Middle East Desk. 
Applicants must be graduates in either 
political sdence/intemational relations or 
history with an emphasis on Middle East 
studies and be proficient in both written and 
spoken Arabic. The post entails detailed 
monitoring of Middle East sources (primary 
and secondary), translations for the senior 
editors, as well as the development of 
academic/journalistic contacts for the 
organization, and writing for the magazine 
and syndication service when required. An 
adaptable, diligjent person with initiative is 
required, who has the ability to cope with 
large amounts of material intelligently and 
synthesize it into clear copy. The individual 
wifi be working in busy but friendly 
environment. Typing dulls essential. 

Starting salary - £7,500. Write with detailed 
Curriculum Vitae, together with the names of 
three referees to the COMPANY 
Magazine, 13th Boor. New Zealand House, 
80 Haymarket, London SWIY 4TS. 
Closing date - 20 December 1986. 

Operative: September 1987 
Examinations: February 1987. 

For fufher details, contact 

Richard Morgan, 
Cheltenham College, 
Cheltenham GL53 7LD. 
Tel (0242) 513540. 

The Berlitz 
School of 

needs ur»vwgtty yatJuates - 
Ba degree - to wwfc in 
Spam. Please wne 
knmedtoaljf to B«Stt 
(Spain), Wafe house , 70 

Wete Street, London W1A. 

Csajmter fnsfgK Ltd 
14/15 High Si 
Lord™ Se23 7HG 

• December Crash Courses 

* Intensive Courses 

(8 Jen - 20 March 1987) 

4 S3ing:ja! Secretarial CoBege (1-2 year) 


Cotfcvp. 2234 OimKtnry day Brqinnm 

PtXV. LcmKC) S*T SOS. 3 Jro S Fr*> Mr* RUM 

PhoK or loinphonr lor Lawman* Srarurul College 

prowodib. Ql 5JF3 8583 I'm IS Dunratra St^erh 

or Ot-GHl 9331 LnMSon Wl V 3TEOt-6Z9 29W 


Bromsgrove, Worcestershire, B61 7DU 
Coeducational Boarding & Day 

Upper School HMC 430 pupils aped 13-19 
fc-vw-sj Lower School I APS 270 pupils aged 8-13 

Bromsgrove is proud of its academic record, range of 
<£33fj extra-curricular opportunities and its sytem of pastoral 
care. The Upper and Lower Schools occupy adjacent 
sites and are both fively. friendly and forward-looking communities. 
For pupHs with academic, cultural, athletic and aH-round talent 

scholarships, music scholarships, 

Lower School candidates to be aged &-12 

Upper School candidates to be aged 12 or 13 or SIXTH FORM entrants. 

For further particulars and prospectus, please write to the Headmaster 
{Ret. 11.B) or telephoned 0527 32774 



Lower School January 24th at 9.30 am 
Upper School Fehuary 7ft at 11.00 am 




The Governors invite appScations for the position 
of Principal of Claremont Fan Court School 

The School is an independent coeducational boarding 
and (fey school with about 700 pupils in the 
. agerange3-18years. While established for the 
sons and daughters of Christian Scientists 

the school also accepts day pupls from homes where 
its inferring values are appreciated and supported. 

Applicants must be members or The First Church 
of Christ, Scientist, in Boston, Massachusetts. 
Letters of application with fid) a v. and names 
of two referees should be sent by 6th December 
to the Clerk to the Governors from whom 
further details may be obtained. 


^ i vi ' 

'y' ’ : JT--M 


j) I tit* 




Northwood, Middlesex, HA6 2HT 
Telephone; Northwood 21850 

Require for April or September 1987 a 
teacher of 


and for September a teacher of . 


interested in games and/or CCF and 
want to prfay a full part in a Christian 
foundation that has always by statute 

^ d 25 ted .. pupi,s a® - nations and 

Own salary scale. 

Further details of these appointments 
may be obained from the 



Oxford Road, London, NW6 5SN 

Require d from January, 1987 or as toon at puOOe, a 
Geography spectata 10 an as Deputy Read of 
ffcalc 3 ). The sacccaaful c andid a te win he mpoisUe for 
Cre^iaphy at GCSH and ‘K Lewi, where an interest in 
^»cal- 8 oqgniBhy rs desirable. One wilJ alio t* emcoed to 
i»k c on repawinbdnics m lower school m mw 

the area n a whole. A c wnmiuwem bp imumwi m 

the Humanities it therefore nccetmy. 

AppGcams should be in sympathy with the Christian of 
the school. ... 

Apply in writing to the Headteacher giving CV and ran 
maces. Application forms sent in reply. 

.: xytztsi#! . t 


^nqlilh leech et 5 

,t VA * .'f t w.T -y w«ihi :a iir't ». a r atmiy. 

v ' : - . •%*•**»**§$ 

Vi* ■ ->‘ > ^^' tft i ' . r ii in ■ I 'afarf. 


** ■*-.: ; *#f -d . -.^y -> : K~ W§5t^ : : ‘•V r^g. : : . • . •■ ■ ■: 

Ca-r>->."'H*ww,% ,---..:, V **.«*£» fV ? . •' 

N25*“****t- yicllnww.' imJbvX +-tm 5Xxt?&SX&&wi&iMm 


PERSONNEL & ADMIN c£l 0,600 
Stimtoatrig rale SW3 ft* PA 23+ oga^ng meetings. stall 
hwng, projects on own Motive etc. Fast typing me 
audio and sMond. WP (wffl x-traip}. 

Lata 20s PutiOc School, top-brass caSbre to join city MD 
providing tool semtanal support and across IK hovti Go- 
operation. Skffls 90/50 4- sons hUecft. 

Potifc School 2Ssh organis ed. good sh/hanL typing. weU 
presented. radMng charm and a sympathetic approach. 

PA 25+ COVENT GARDEN c£10,500 
For senior partner professional firm. Au fait hi tech fast 
typing auto numeracy feMy toady for rtattange at afl 
leads. Bonus. 

PA SW1 VINTNERS £10,000+ 

Nfid 20Ts Public School educator! s^% wmMerfi to 
shadow mat te d H a manager of up marat Ora. Good 
sh^taad. typing WP (will x-train). 


V by.wuartwb topwont 




I AfloaMs swasarveo. 

West End Office 
629 9686 




The LeverhulmeTrust 



Studentships for 1 or 2 years advanced study or research at a 
centre of teaming it any part to the world except the UJC or USA 

Tte aaenfe camprn m aBtoantt to ESTffl a calendar year for 
martenancB plus re&au aft passage, baggage allowance and tafcr- ' 
nai travel eneosas. Additional allowances at the dtecretioo of the 
Camiitlee for a dependant spouse (up to £1,600 a year), for 
coadnes with abnormally high cost of Brno, and a coniritxitJon 
towwds fees if abnomaBy fogh. 

Applicants must be first degree graduates of a UJC uihrerctty. 
fodders of CiLAA. degrees or eauvatent sdueafom in die UJu 
have been a schoofm the UJC or me ConmonweaBh. be under 30 
on 1st October 1987 and rarraady resident in the U.K. 

Camfidatos most be avadable for rtenww In London in foto Aprifc 
Trawling expenses mtfm the Umted Kontorn wl be retarded. 


The Memorial Foundation for Jewish Culture 
announces the establishment of the Nahum 
Goldmann Fellowship, a Summer Institute ter 
cultural advancement aid leadership training for a 
Med number of outstanding young men aid 
women in Europe between the ages of 25 and 40 
years of age. 

The Institute will be held at Carmel College, near 
Wallingford, England, from Sunday, August 16 
until Monday, August 31, 1987. 

F urther intefmatiOQ and applications can be 
obtained from: 

The Nahum Goldmann 
P.O. Box 191 
1211 Geneva 20 

TrewUmg expenses within the United Kingdom wl 

H|i|diritaii n the nm m to te form (SA32JA tm 
taaftrfteSaa^yfof mtay. 9k. Jenny I9f 

I mot he. hi to 
1917. ata canto 

Rutherford Research FeUowshfy 

RutherfiMd Ajqdeton Labcaatory 
University of Southampton 

The Rmheriord Appleton Laboratory of the Science and Hngmeerhig 
Research Coondl and the Depaxtment of Etectronic and Information 
F.ngi i iffiinfi , Uiiivexsiiy of SmirKampmi^ iavjie appHcadons for a Joint 
Research Fellowship. The aim of the Rmherford Research Fellowship is 
to encourage studies in an area of research supported by the Rntheiibitl 
Appleton Laboratory. 

Topics of m utu a l interest include the foil owing; advanced lithography 
taring electron beams, high speed, hi g h performance i n te y ntri dictriis 
and sensors using microelectronic redmology. Other suitable topics 
rndnde the anplkakin of tmegrateri nptirn, fehrjrgrWt rrv^nHc 
fibres to proAtce new types of a ctiv e devices and a study of ywit 
techniques far the mlttcoimecdon of VLSI mtegmted n>m i w 
The successfiii candidate will be expected to undertake research wodc 
and have ideas an the programme he/she wishes to follow. Fellows have 
t he ri ghts and privileges of research follows of the Umvenfoy of 
Southampton, and trill be expe cte d u work on some aspect of the 
programme of the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory. 

There will be access to powerful and -sophisticated facilities on both 
sices covering the whole range of in te g r at ed riremr w*4innl«gft tmd our 
involvement with nume r o us university rese a r ch groups gives an 
opportunity lor contact with others engaged an a wide range of exciting 
re search p rogr amm es. 

The ftflowtoiip win be (enable for a period of dm* penes and may 
be extended up to a period not exceeding live years. The stipend win 
depend on the age and experience of the candidate selected, within 
d>e brand range of j£81SS to £17333. 

, For an anrifcatioa turn please write to or telephone quoting 
reference VN527 Re cnritmenf Office. PtawnMl fiwmp, 

Appleton Lab orato r y. Srieacc »nd Ungfri— h. g r^nn^ 

Griffon, Didcot, Oxnn 0X11 8QX. Tel: (RZ3S) 445435. 

Applications most be teamed by: 5th December 1986. 

In ter views will be held in January 1987 



£12,000 + BOROS 

content, dafly 
Shorttand needed for miniirto 
nat Ftaxtoty ant mtHnve of 
prime nportnn. 


01 240 sail 



RBBBIOOir awswumrs ■ Zt Baxamai AnadR,lfaigbOhtoipSW3 


No banking experience is required to join this 
prestigious merchant bank who axe seeking a 
top caEbm secretary to work in their SWAPS 
department. .Working for a young, dynastic 
team yon will need to be an en erget i c person 
who thrives in a hectic, pressurised 
environment 90/50 skills needed. 

RECEPTION £9,500+ 

This prestigiotts bank are looking for someone 
with charm and elegance to look after their 
busy personnel reception. Your 45 wpm typing 
win enable you to become more involved a»d 
increase promotion prospects. Pre v iou s 
experience essentiaL Immediate start desirable. 

pteareMtotaoc 01-499 8070 
46 Old Bond Street London W.1. A 



Small Property Company m superb 
Knightsbridge Offices need a stylish Secretary 
who does everything well and is capable of 
running her office with calm efficiency. Min 


sere fc^SRulherftxd Appleton Laboratory 




Expmaig flmai eonwOng 
wpo mri UMy lor nwntf- 
poos MJ np.l ut iod u (Aipn«w 

syslaan. trakiing staff. 


EXEC sum 

To to Bw kay imntnr of a 
ml tom ouUsMig a mw 
O upt JmresOMm twnhkig + 
OMrtfena axporiaaoa an 
adwmtaga. Pnamutzad 
aanandbiB p«L Aga 25-3S. - 
Salwy cn 4.000 + ovarttna. 

01 377 6433 UP TO 8PM 



A rntowe person (over 30) 
required fun time as soon as 
poss foteto deto wWi the 
Headnristress' corres- 
pontoce and oraasse the 
school tohea. . 

This post demands discretion 
bi Irandilng confidential 
matters, lacf in de^og with 
many different people and 
experience of modem office 
practice, faifi not book- 
keeping. Certainly a 
strenuous mb bed never 

Please apply wSh a lull CV 
aid names of 2 referees to 

The Hoadafebess. 
James Alto's Shis*. Sctato, 
East Otoadcb Grave, 
Loadin SE22 8TE ' 


HHAMT S CT Turoo- May 
IBM. Gonnnl Hue. SJXO 
ntoes. 9un roar. FSH. Oaomany 
car farces safe. C&69S TWi 
are vast hxt ram * w/e. 


8 ozs. £7^0 

1 lb £14.55 

fod. terlcwtag on gou inant, 
ncunm retfana 1st ctass 
post, flih anp 50p per 1 bl ewa. 


WrtBcsta Horn. Lodwtre. 
DunfaHshre. DGIt 1AT 
Td. 038 784 239 

gaHHHHBBBlBliaiBBBaaasiaasi 1 


















A career owning lor a bncta 
young seaetsrv to enter the 
lasanaling worid of stock- 
broking with a wide range of 
interesting fcbes. Fast 
cccunte stalls (90/60) 
towffler ??i3i a good wepwwe 
manner will reap the rewards 
| ol Ibis expanding company. In 
- stidiTitm to the generous 
M'ary. 4 weeks holiday and 
, Ires memhership ic tne City 
a Sjjaiti Club Base Salary 
|c.£S.5G0 + Bonus. 

I Seniirr 



The Managing Director of this 
expanding Crty Stodcbrotang 
linn requires a 'unique' 
secretary with sound 
Eecretartai/WP skids. You will 
have the ability to handle 
masses of admin, pressure 
and responsibility pattettfarty 
when he travels overseas. 
There is a basic salary of £12 - 
£13,000 iogether with a highly 
attractive bonus. 



Cat! our Kaigbtsbridge 
efface 01-589 4422 
(roc csss) 


1 ExceCen opportunity lor a 
competent SH secretary to join 
this sxpanding Chanereo Town 
Farmers to asstjr a Semor 
Partner. The position would 
suit someone used to wortung 
in a large tnendly atmosphere. 
6 handling a wide range of 
i admtmstrabve. Saison are! 
*•' secretarial duties and who 
would enoy mn:ng with and 
i|hel?ira out teams ot highly 
§ creative grepme designm, 
~ arch'tscts etc. 

3 Senior 
8 Secreiaries 

£11,030 Neg 

As secretary to the Company 
Secretary ot one ot Britain's 
leading Group of Companies, 
you wll need plenty of social 
confidence as you win be 
arranging hatches and mixing 
with V.LP.'s. It you have senior 
level secretarial experience 
(shorthand not essential) this 
is an opportunity to use it in a 
very pleasant, relaxed but 
professional atmosphere. 




An exciting Giy or ga fi- 
nal ion, lull of >oung, 
cncrecuc people, and 
homed in ter; pleaum 
olncea. needi yes if >ou fi! 
thu aesenrpton,- well 
educated tposnbly a 
gradate u lively and 
flexible enough '.o have a 
pc at anythin?. Telephone 
now if die bcr.aa rang of 
the Iwdcr ii noi for you. 
■3G/5L* .sJuila needed. 
Excelled bonus for hard 

to £9,000 

When you are a secretary 
with a very upmarket estate 
agency in VI. Life never 
stands sal!. The young 
leant that deals with 
courtry houses certainly 
work hard, but the day is 
fun. Now they need you 
and your secretarial skills to 
help them. You must 
sound good on [he 
telephone and look smart 
when they occasionally let 
you loos; on a visit. 


_ -t. ■■■■ ■ 


*01- 379 3515 esC 

v.jxt-v-n:-' .r %sn 

1 01-379 35l3t_ 

ALTbUTMIVT C ’* ^LlUreta 





CITY SL5CKES to £12.000, 

As a ?A die v,i} of this successful Imntrrenr Co. you'll 
become toialiy involved with aU the wheeling and dealing. A 
mcntclnus mir.d along with sound admin isirativc skills an: 
csxmial atuihutcs ensuring complete participation and job 
sausuvaon iW Shorthand). 

Cull 588 5081. 

MlddJeton Jeffers 



MD involved ir. development leisure and manufacturing, 
northern has**] company requires a bright PA secretary age 
rviwcen Z4 - ?\ Shorthand &. typing a must for meetings. 
Willing *o travel and use your initiative. Some experience m 
Market Research and a current driving licence would be 
detaratle. Salary fS.OOO negotiable plus good prospects. 

Phone 061-235 0112 


to £11,000 + benefits. 

Major RumoaJ Services Group and wWty owed subsriaiy ol US. bank 

f raks a pan oualrtiett IPM ic- assist mm lecnimnerd. arrangmg tratnmq 
coupes and smtl atnuretrawa Experience with computer systems ana 
k Ifinsinw. is ideal, flanzma mC profit sham, free mwJred/Ws cow. non- 

! ' corn person. 

Etfasls 01-488 1223 
Slsvc -JSBs (Res Csss). 


VVeH-onianissd adimrastrahve secretary wifli good teteJtww manner 
cnc excellent command ot Engten required by young hardworking 
landscape company. Musi have (easonabte s/tormand. accurate 
tvping and be able to use nan iretiatr-e. Vareed and interesting work. 
Salary negohabls. 

Appliccnls m writing wifi CV to. 

S&daley Lasdssajes Lhriled, 7 Sleaford Estate, 
SJsaieid Street, Lsaitoi STJ8 5AB. 


I required from January 1987. Extremely challenging and 

S resportiible post as Perscnat Assisram to the Director of 
one of Londons leading tutorial colleges. Mature 
. exceptional organisational skills and 90/50 
ilary £ 10.000 negotiable. 

send CV's to The Dhecfor. 

23-24 Queens Road. Hendon NW4 


Noire efient recltscfte Sec. de 
Duecnon hAnque qu a I An# an, 
camme lanqoe maffinren* 30 a 
4iJares. 8vn mmOuir experrmart? 
rukeu fetanaer'irancare Bnme 
jxtsnense du sari'* «i »r un -juih 
sou fcs rahichans. ftoripue 
rd£ms hail niveru i5 its i 

S1-23G 5501 
7 Ludgae So. EC4 
(row sjwjoj 



required for exclusive 
crew Hfialih/Leisure Club 
in S'A'3. Some book 
keying and accounts 
work, age 22-30. 

C.T. and photo lo: 
NGH Services Ltd., 
Nell Gwyttn House, 
Steuie Avenue, 


^.Not Secretarial 


A well groomed, cool-as- 
a^cucumber (but warm 
hearted) 23-30yr old with 

^-confidence bom of a 
school or clever 

^ " good scnooi or ciever 
parents (or bom) win fit in beautifully here. 
The company is blue chip and so are their 
staff. Financially you'll be considerably 
better off than the salary. Start before 
Xmas, if poss. 

Cafl Deborah Fox, Office A 
Recruitment consultants on 01-621 


to £12,000 

A leading leisure organisation rr yponu btc for stag- 
ing top sporting and musical events seeks a 
personnel asristant/secretary to their chief execu- 
tive. You will often be dealing with important 
celebrities so soda! confidence is of paramount , 
in parlance. 100/60 skills and a board level back- 
ground es se n tial. 



J oin the managing director of this leading publish- 
ing house as his seu e my . He is lookng for 
absolute loyalty and discretion and you will be very 
much an assistant as you prioritise his day and 
arrange everything down to the last details and 
ensure all nun smoothly. 100/55 skills needed. 
Please telephone 01-240 3512. 

Elizabeth Hunt 

Recruitment Consultant 

18 Gosvencx Sheet London W1 




Super secretarial job 
working for the Vice- 
President of presti- 
gious In reman anal 
Holding Company. 
Highly confidential 
work. This is not a 
pressurised job but a 
varied and busy posi- 
tion. No shorthand 
but good typing es- 
sential. Immediate 
Stan. Age 27-33. 

of Bond St 

Hcmaww Comm wnrs 


£8400 + 

5% Mortgage 
Beautifully- refurbished 
offices near Green Park 
will shonly be bousing 
this smart Investment 
Company. You should 
be extremely wdl 
presented and wdl 
spoken and possess Bait 
and poise when greet- 
ing important visitors 
Simple typing anc 
switchboard duties. Agt 
22-29. 5% Mongagi 
available after 1 year. 

of Bond St. 

AKm-VnwiI ConSulUnlS 
Hi 15 hviwmFriww-, 



Our clients, one of the top tan advertising agencies 
in England, need a PA (no shorthand needed but 
good typing is essential) to work for the head of 
their television unit. Afl applicants must be stylish, 
have experience either within advertising or tele- 
vision. be outgoing, and enthusiastic and broad- 
minded- Please ring, if you are Interested. 





A private helicopter - a 
grouse moor - tmancmg 
a major property deal. 
Tras exciting new 
company exists to 
arrange any ot these - 
and more • for its 
overseas clients visiting 
the UK. If organisation is 
your forte and you have 
the personality and style 
to match Mbs top level 
optmwrty. an excihng 
new career cotPd be 


Vrc’i.-vrMFS'T C::VC' ; I.T V.T1 

01-629 9323 



An American Finance 
House with a hfflb 
profile image needs an 
'A' level educated 
secretary with a 
business onentated 
outlook. A good 
comrrasrwator with an 
outgoing personality 
anfl be involved at the 
heart of their Inter- 
national activities to 

protect tire Bank's 
image to their visitors. 



G£1 0,000+ PERKS 

Top Ladies Fashion Company 
requires for West End showroom 
efficient secretary PA. Will need good 
shorthand typing and have initiative. 
At least 3/5 years experience 

Contact Personnel Officer 

Mrs C. Green 
Tel 01-250 3488 ext 204 


An imeffigent and hard-working PA/Secreiary 
is needed by this Conservative MP to work 
from his Chelsea borne. You will oeed to have a 
BextWe approach to tte work, and in addition 
to frequent telephone caBs and Irafcmgwith 
constituents, be able to cope with a varied and 

busy workload including a high level of 
correspondence. WP (Amsuad) an advantage 
and esceltent typing and rusty shorthand. 

RECEPTION SWl to £10,000 

This prestigious firm of consultants based in 
luxurious offices dose to Piocadffiy are looking 
for a professional receptionist. In addiboa to all 
the normal reception duties which you will 
share, you will need accurate typing to assist on 
the WP (training given). The successful 
candidate will be immaculately presented with 
a bright outgoing personality. Age 23-30. 


35 BratonPtacsWI. 01-493 7789 


opportunity to join a top Gnu of American 
attorney* as s ecret ar y to two associ ate t awym 
Superb benfita include free fores to work, 80/55 
ddll* and IBM Displaywriter experience essential. 
Please telephone 01-34® 3551. 

Elizabeth Hunt 

—Recrutment Consultants — 

23 College ttl London EC4 

HAVE FUN AND £11,000 

This chap's jab is fascinating and he expects lit mgs to go 
with aTnagVAi 37 he is a partner of a np-artd-coraing 
management consultancy. To keep pace you II be bright 
with a seme of the ridiculous. The work will be cheat 
related - arra ng in g, chasing, liaising and pnprmnng. 
Though shonhand and typing is less than half the joh. 
yoniT share -his fanaticism for quality and layout. No 
speed merchant necess ar y - an imeSigein BOwpcn short- ' 
hand and 50+ typing. AgE 24-30. EC2. 

TWO MINS VICTORIA £9,000 at 20 

At hast 18 months ex p e rien ce and interested in the 
dynamic world of ratematiotnl finance? Then support 
this young whizzy Financial Director who is busily 
acquiring companies for mqjor chemical group. Arrange 
diaries, correspondence and travel. Type your reports on 
your very own WP and use your Maths *0' level to help 
nrake sense of it alL Free lunch. 23 days holidays. 

01-283 0111 





required by large firm of Central London 
Estate Agents to administer small highly 
successful specialist team. Must have an 
exceRent understanding of Engfish, be hard 
working, presentable and able to work under 
pressure when required. Age 25-45 years. 
Driving Uoence essential. 

Telephone 727 0830 

Rafonmca JMH 


Required for MD erf a very busy W.1 computer 
training company. Our person needs to have 
excellent admtn/orgarrisationaJ sfafls and plenty 
of initiative. Computer awareness useful. Salary 
neg. PPP + Bonus. 

Please telephone Joanna Reckitt on 

Ol 637 1234 

by 27th November. 

have opened their first ' shop 
and are loooking for 


With good retail sales experience, wiHing to work 
flexible hours in Bbckheath, London SE3. who wants 
to job e small team in developing an exciting new 
concept in specialist retailing. 

Salary negotiable. 

Please call Carol Barkxnshaw un Ol 85284S5 


£14,808 + PEBKS 

Senior wowrtal post In 

Uv MMmtonn bank lor 

a SscJPA me 2S+ who U 

fiuM W EngMi 4 Sowwh. 

aw good wwrtwnd «Otty 

In BMti languagas. FM 

£10£00 + 

Has may be fin ideal csrew move 
to you a you are good wDi 
omMynd em bans at organ- 
sraoo. Has enatosind M aMra a 
Bs* are taHong tor a bngtx. team 
onemaKd secretary to mk to 
tan owfwan«l Parsocnel Offi- 
cas. to aider to provide fu* 
swat the npw osson wdl tare 
n ensoed t a roww manner, 
good typng mb WP pods and 
iusw stwrttaro. An A level educa- 
tm s pretenred. Age 32-20. 



Smtea UeM 





with amazing 

Erciting City Cu. need ynanjc 

etc. with Hunt Italian 80/60 

to work in BurofMan divirioa. 

Bright: wtd bubbly paaonaUty 


01-403 3RB5 



TV. PR. Pubtehmq 
Deapi- Are these the 
would bke to work to? 
Cal NOW to immediate 
interviews - 

At tfeie Rite we specteBseta Executive 
PA appoiatmeots and oaoefstaafi 
the seeds of career-matted 

Property • 

Persomwl _ 

Le Marketing Francats 
Client career 
Director’s Diplomat 

(120/80) + toyafty. . 

(100/60 + sopteacatton 
-t- panache 
. 1 ) + confttence ' 
+ creativity 
[ + personality 
0 ) + socal graces 

01429 4343 

El Ik 

TELEPHONE: 01^29 <343 m i i i 

You can, by working as a Manpower office temporary 

Wbrk when you wer it.atavarielyofbusnesses. 
Weekly pay, free training. Cafl ik now. 


Temporary SuliSpcoalwv 

Tel: 225 0505 

rwvj-; ^r. -e 


EstaMsfi ed broke ts wfll gwe 
azePetd tranwg and satsies 
jdes twnses for dyopsuedve- 
iy peoptr who spy pzroo- 
pabng m a succesUnl team 
tasaaacc or hanking aaien- 
ence fiefis Pirter gtzkales or 
at (cast educated to A level 

CaR Lynt Lax> row 

Staff Introductions 
THj 01-486 6951 




Assist top Adverthtng 
Agtncy's WO rath Ins busy 
schedule en-onhnahag . 
European agerem. Stmt 
offices pks redo. Good 
sbortbwd rad adn. 

Phrase pbuoa 
Kate LtoSttet 

Staff Introdoctims 
TEL: 01-486 6951 


1 Ad not slow sfxrtofaP fin- 
brave, ateny to arcree 
itoeranes rad tante rnwl 
arrangaraents to £js; 
boss of leading ennk 
dufiHe^s Spanish or 
FrecTO useful. Writ fas 
sfiorflucd and good auto 


GtoroHn Wrifingar 

Staff introductions 


«If only ve-d find > 

secretary from 

y £ ('* J 

n\®/ \n\ f A 

, Senior Secretaries 2 






Superb opening in the 
Horae World (Central Lon- 
don Office > for well- 
groomed P A/Sec with S/H 
at Director LcveL Ideally 

353 7696 




c. £8300 

To join top PR Consultan- 
cy. Immediate involvement 
in Cuncnt Affairs, liason 
with the Press. Government 
Bodies arid Consumer 

353 7696 






Fsve Star Hold opening for 
Copy Secretary in bvty 
Marketing note. Good skills- 
social and sec re tana! arc 
imponan! at this tamoos 
West fowl EsuiJisabnwni. 

353 7696 








Agad22 + with somo initiative 
and good sues nqore «J tor 
oompany In Mayfair. EaoaBant 
Engtefi and speaking vaca 
wot OTpeccatde appearance. 

£8,500 + 

Phone 01-491 0040 

£8^00 - £13,000 

Warts and aO reports 
on our dtents' current 
sec/pa vacancies 
posted tonight if you 
call Premium 
Secretaries on 488 
2667 before 6.45pm. 

On of a* tuning anmcW 
.Pit. Condemn* swag to 
| a Bp PA lor thee 
■ Man an antf arataor. Tha 
Mux a ss tui ca nkd a ta must 

tow axceSM French and 

^iiiii&^iaw n|a|) 

tMWy. wefrpwwwdaid 


BnoM PA maared to work 
ftrOvntig Pwtnar of tope. 


Wen cMad. 90/554- 

CdfnpamravfiPA/SeaMary j 
to worf. Vi Aw «mh end 
ene varert c Readwtlal 
Oounny Hresa Depamnmt. 
Opporaman to «sn 
propmtHB withe martret 
Uj» cd even crenaa 

and great vwAmha. 

Aocuraw ifprg/SCTne 
audrefSK B0 upo. 

lii tow ih ri ntiidra t 

SUOdd en— erl 

Sank oi CWy MM ; 





Although a to of work is 
generated from tbc 

Managing Dircaor't office 

one of the main 

' a relaxed 

outgoing personality, 
dealing with all ievds of 
people with . warmth and 
imd mandin; whllS aim 
Organismg a busy 
Director. Same 
typing and W.P r experience 
wnmnat. Preferred age 27- 
35 • 



Mortgage etc. 

A capable leaeorv 2S-50 
with experience at Director 
tevd would eniov the bts> 
day this Bank wtil 
provide Imnanvc and 
stung cheerful penonaUry, 
ability to cope dunng 
frequem absences of 
Dtrector and hts Manager 
and accurate shorthand and 
typing are essential. Lots of 
diem contact and internal 

'Or CA' 

"W511 jSSib 

£13,000 neg 

Car^wner or marathon trainee for 
an industriaf Co. in modem offices 
in E10. You are adaptable, lively 
and will efficiently fulfill the 
secretarial rote (SH, WP, telex etc) 
for the easy-going, mid 30's 
Financial Director. Age 25-46, with 
good presentation, French useful. 

City 377 8600 
West End 439 7001 


c .£18,000 PA 

Friendly tram - wOMn a 
profneimri grot? of a wefl know 

oil canqrary swk a senior 

racreav <23-40 yrare) wrth 

stwfland wto anti tram on BM 

comouHi and word procnaor. 

Wired dtrora with narrating 

adm.- Good pranotlon prostwets 

and breiaMs.- 

Fvr krarrirre piran M 

•s, ,rc 


Required by City 
Company with smaH, 
busy office. Would 
suit mature person 
restarting career. 
Experience in 
'preferred. To 9k- 

Tat 01 242 5979 
ask for Tom 




The Times Classified 
col moos are reed by 1 J 
mOlkn of the most affluent 
people in the reentry. The 
following categories 
appear regularly each 
week and are generally - 
accompanied by relevant 
editorial articles. Use the 
coupon (right), and find 
oat how easy, fast and 
economical it k to 
advertise in The Times 


g d aa r ti o a: University 
Appointments. Prep & Public 

School Appointments. 
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Forward menace brings 
Newport victory after 
a walk on the wild side 

By David Hands . 
Kngoy Correspondent 

London Welsh 



The skies over Old Deer 
Park may not be quite so 

cloudy as they were last season 

or, indeed, earlier this season 
but London Welsh resources 
remain slimmer thgn of yore. 
Understandably they are 
peeved at the loss, yet again, of 
the Lpmensely promising 
back-row. forward, Russell, 
though not all their members 

agree with his compl aint 

(based on a video recording) 
to Moseley, opponents a fort- 
night ago, at the way be was 

But you could not have 
wished for a more whole- 
hearted display from 
Saturday’s team in a fixture 
which, last season, attracted 
much adverse publicity when 
three players were sent off 
Newport, too, when they put 
their minds to it, responded 
with some attractive rugby 
and deserved — but only 
just — victory by two goals, a 
try, two penalty goals and two 
dropped goals to two goals,, a 
try and two penalties. 

Newport are a team of light 
and shade; they have- some 
fine footballers, notably 
Turner and Howells, and two 
useful wings. Yet they fre- 
quently prefer the forward 
rumble, with all the menace 
implicit in the song of the 

rame name from West Side 
Story. At the same time their 
with Batten a notable 
offender, tend to live in. their 
opponents’ pockets and, with 
tes t will in the world, no 
referee who is preoccupied 
vnth two knowledgeable sets 
of. f orwards can watch for 
offside behind him. 

For an hour Newport domi- 
nated the game: They riwmwd 
up in the lineout through 
Waters and Perry (Derek 
QumneU, a Welsh selector, 
was watching, and doubtless 
had his country’s problems at 
lode forward in mind), they 
put the Exiles'' scrum under 
pressure and won some decent 
loose balL Howells m at te two 
delightful breaks and Turner 
is- always a slippery handful, 
yet for the life of them 
Newport could .not string to- 
gether two telling passes and a 
desperate Welsh cover clung 
on with commendable 

. The Welsh led 15-10 at the 
interval and. trailed only by a 
point going into the final, 
quarter. Their two tries both 
stemmed from lineout hail 
won by Rodliffe, the first 
scored by the. lock himself 
after excellent inter-passing by 
the forwards, the second by 
Ford after John Price, an 
interesting recruit from the 
Uxbridge club, was held up on 
the line. 

Newport sent Morgan 
barrelling over from a tapped 
penalty and Turner scissored 
with Jona than Caflard to give . 

his side the lead just after the 

The match was turned an its 
head when Llewellyn sud- 
denly began to win all the 
lineonts and the Welsh at- 
tacked from everywhere. 
Newport kept them oat, 
thanks to Turner’s use of the 
strong wind and, as so often 
happens, the side throwing 
everything into offence con- 
ceded -the try when Nigd 
Callard. nipped round an un- 
defended blind side and 
chipped for White, who 
chased and harried over 70 
metres for the try. 

Keating bad me final word 
but in a game that was so 
dose, Russell’s height at the 
lineout and sheer physical 
presence in the loose might 
have lipped the scales towards 
the Welsh, for. whom Cofyn 
Price passed 1 00 points for the 

Sadly Russell, having 
missed nearly all of last sea- 
son, is to see a specialist on 
Friday after an operation fora 
detached retina which, it has 
been alleged, was caused by a 

SCORERS: London Welsh: Trios: 

atom Turner (ZL ftewMata Turner (Q. 

N Caftfd. 

... — LStt J Pjwk K Noble, H 

Ewan* G Latou. S PHS C fttoftapft M 

J Ewans, 

T Jones, fi Upftt. J C 

NEWPORT: P Gout M Batten. J Canard. 
G HoweBs. J WWte; P Turner. N Caflard; J 

Rawtings. M Waters fcapt). R Morgan. G 
Gaorga. R Young. A Parry, 

.. R Poweft, C 


RefmerRQuSlenton (London^ 

Biackheath Foster gets marching orders 

the pick 
of the pack 

By Gerald Davies 

While Leicester were pushing 
Moseley further down John 
Smith's merit table A and 
Waterloo were confirming then- 
status at the top of merit table B 
on Saturday, Black heath's 
remarkable 2 1 -9 defeat of 
Neath, leaders of the unofficial 
Welsh championship, . domi- 
nated the club results (David 
Hands writes). 

The Welsh are not always the 
best of travellers but Neath's 
record this season, even without 
Jonathan Davies and Thorbum, 
suggested they would have too 
much in hand for the dub whose 
record could best be described 
as patchy. But lan Anderson, the 
lock, scored two tries in the 
second half and- heath, 
riding the wind, won by three 
goals and a penalty to. two 
penalties and a drop goaL 

Davies came on as a replace- 
ment for the injured Laity but 
his presence made no sig nifi ca nt 
difference to a team whose 
thoughts may have been on next 
Saturday's encounter with Bath. 
It is a victory for Biac kheath , 
whose third try came from 
Osbourne: to build on; they 
have, after all, awkward oppo- 
nents themselves next weekend 
in Coventry. 

Some of the gloss was re- 
moved from Leicester's 22-6 
win over Moseley by an injury 
to Tebbutt, their flanker, who 
has ligament trouble and most 
wear a plaster cast for the next 
week. But the Midland di- 
visional selectors must have 
been tearing their hair at the 
sight of Hare's touch kicking 
which, with that of Cusworth 
and Dodge, kept Moseley at hay 
and paved the way for two tries 
by Richards, both from lineouts. 
The selectors have asked Not- 
tingham to play Hodgldnsoo at 
full back rather than stand-off 
half in an attempt to clarify 

Rosslyn Park's satisfaction ai 
scoring the only try of the match 
will have been muted after 
Aitchison kicked four penalties 
for Waterloo who won 12-6 at 
Blundellsands. Offiah, from the 
right wing, was the try-scorer 
and he had several other runs 
which went close; yet Waterloo 
maintain their 100 per cent 
merit table record 





The wind, with a ‘ bitterly 
damp edge to it, blew from the 
Mumbles end. Clouds loomed, 
rain and hailstones threatened, 
it was not the kind of day to be 
out in for long. One Swansea 
player did not. Foster, having 
once been warned early in the 
second half was given his 
marching orders soon after- 
wards for kicking an opponent. 

Moriarty could consider him- 
self lucky to have stayed the lull 
distance: As a result of his 
attentions, Chris Mills bad to 
leave, the field early on in the 
-game to be replaced by Phil 
Williams at prop. Apart from 
these three incidents it was a 
clean game which Swansea, 
somehow gritting their teeth, 
won by two goals and a penalty 
to. four of Simon Smith’s 
penalties. . 

The , home team had their 
backs foUie wall in the first haK 
They bad the wind advantage 
and although they turned, 
around in foe lead, they had 

. surprisingly spent most of the 
time in defence. It was Rich- 
mond who had added a touch of 

If the scrummage was an 
unsatisfactory affair, with too 
many of them dropped un- 
comfortably, they were swift 
elsewhere to get foe possession. 
Sole, Vyvyan and Kami ogham 
together had such a good first 
half that Swansea had very little 
room to manoeuvre. Cullen at 
scrum-halfhad a lovely game: so 
quick and sure in his passing. 
Smith, at the end of that service, 
varied his game at his ease. 

They were a wonderful pair to 
watch; England have such a 
choice in these positions now- 
adays. Williams and Clement, 
their opposite numbers, had 
their moments but, with eight of 
their regular players m issi n g, 
there was not the same consis- 
tent cohesion around them. 

Wyatt kicked a penalty and 
Smith had Indeed two ofhis own 
before Swansea, in an attempt to 
get a reasonable sccfre by half- 
time, got a couple of sudden 
tries. The first, after Taylor had 
forced his way through foe 
middle from Clement's reverse 
pass, went to Williams as be 

Marcus Rose, of Harlequins, who wiD be out for three weeks with a shoulder injury. Harle- 
quins also lost Harriman as their win over Cambridge University on Saturday took its toll 

Harlequins feel the 
scars of victory 

emerged from the maul dose to 
Richmond's line. 

The other came from a short 
penalty with Williams acting in 
the pivot role, dummying twice 
before giving the ball finally to 
Moriarty who sliced through on 
a diagonal run to the posts. 
Wyatt convened both of these. 

Smith added another penalty 
before half-time and kicked one 
more just after the interval. 
With foe wind in their favour 
and Swansea reduced to 14 men, 
Richmond, if they could play 
anything like the way they bad 
in the firet halL seemed destined 
to win. The home team how- 
ever, somehow stuck it out to 
leave Richmond to ponder why 
it was that such a chance to win 
on Welsh soil had been allowed 
to go astray. 

By Gordon Allan 



Cambridge University ... 0 

SCORERS: Some THw: A WHBoms. 

mono: kwhimu a awn ftp. 
rXMSEA: M Wyatt (captt R Bewan. J 
PnrtJtt, B Taylor. A Error. T Ctament A 
Wlanis: S Foster. D Rosens. DYouig.P 
Mmarty. I Brown. J YObams, 0 Phomafc. 

RICHMOND: A Hampel (capt); S Pentode, 
R Holman, R Taylor. S Afim;S SmUh, J 

CtOenC MJBMrop: PWRtamlJP Combe. 
J Thom, D Sole, M Steflter. D Cooper. D 

The inspirations behind 
Yorkshire’s success 

By: Mkhad Stevenson 

Durham _ 



laigdy created by Tipping and 
Winterbottom, accounted for 
Yorkshire’s 12-4 interval lead. 

Konnimitftam. C Vywmn. 
fteterae:L J Feted (CasMeten). 

Cornwall defy 
elements to 
reach last four 

Perhaps we are witnessing the 
death throes of the County 
Championship. Nevertheless, 
the way that Yorkshire .have 
played in recent years ’and 
especially, this winter, and on - 
. Saturday, lave significance in a 
broader context. 

• The other merit table B match 
was between Roundhay, who are 
languishing at the moment, and 
Northern, recently. promOtttotp 

the northern merit table (Mi- 
chael Stevenson writes). 

Roundhay won foe toss ana 
conceded wind advantage. They 
only trailed 3-0 at half-time, 
through Green’s pena lty, so 
Roundhay must have fenced 
their chances; but tries .by 
Hughes (2). foe second being 
converted by Green, saw North- 
ern safely home (13-9) despite a 
spirited rally by the losers that 
brought a try by Walker and a 
conversion and penalty by 

Their principle inspirations 
are the two Peters, 
Winterbottom and Buckton. 
Both believe that the ball should 
be kept alive and .the 
movement’s pace main tained. 
Against Durham, Buckton had 
moved to No &, to make room 
for Tipping, whose power and 
formidable workrate revitalized 
the Yorkshire pack but the back- 
row -functioned superbly as a 
unit and outplayed the Opposi- 
tion. Yorkshire’s victory and 
with h lheThoro-EMI Northern 
Group Championship, was by 
two grmts . four tries and three 
penalties to a goal and atry.- 

Just before half-time, Carling 
had gone off injured to be 
replaced by S -Havery (Gates- 
head FfelT) and Durham missed 
him sorely, competently, though 
his replacement performed. 
Adamson’s third penalty and a 
try by the ubiquitous Buckton 
put Yorkshire realistically out of 
reach before Bentley nut in two 
foundering tries. He then left the 
field injured to be replaced by M 
Waddington, also of Pdey, who 
himself scored at once. • 

Hackney’s glorious individual 
try for Durham followed. 
Harmes converted, but 
Yorkshire’s masterminds en- 
gineered foe peroratian, when 
Winterbottom made a try, deep 
- in injury-time, for Buckton. 

SCORERS YartsHna Tite*: Harrison, 
Buckton pft Bsiteey (2). Wbddbigba 

Convci ionic Adamson 

Adamson (31 Dutm 
Hackney. C o — ib Io t Han 


YORKSHIRE: P Cray (Rounjfwyk « 

Durham, comprehensively 
outgunned forward, still tackled 
wonderfully well, contributed 
some notable back play and, m 
Hackney and Carting possess 
two promising young backs. 

. It was Carling who helped to 
earn Durham an early lead. He 
created an overlap from which 
the speedy Cooke scored; 
Adamson's two penalties and 
conversion of Harrison's try. 

ham UrihriT F Short (W Hgfttepool), D 
Cook* .(Middtasnrougn); J Snttv (W 
Hsrtopoot). S Wrtap (Dwtsm CHy* P 
Lancaster (W Horttapool). M Fenwick 
(Dirtuun dry). A HuMna [Durham Univ), B 
Hodcter, J Dixon. D MRObaa (W Hsrtto- 
poot), H Howard (Durham Cfly, cap!), Q 
Madate [HarttepcxK Route*). . 

Rafenoc 6 Davies (Liverpool Soc). 

Inspired by Tony Cook and 
Robert Mankee, Cora wall de- 
fied foe wind and wet to 
deservedly beat Gloucestershire 
6-0 and reach foe Thom EMI 
county championship semi- 
finals for the first time in 17- 

Cook and Mankee' controlled 
the fierce forward exchanges to 
emerge victorious through two 
penalties by Henderson and join 
Yorkshire, North Midlands and 
Middlesex in Friday’s draw. 

It was largely a good day for 
the south-west as Devon re- 
gained their status in the first 
division of their group with a 
13-9 win over Bncktegham- 
shire, although their celebra- 
tions woe tempered by having 
White, a lock forward, sent off 
for punching an opponent by 
Rev Parker, a refereeing chap- 
lain from Shropshire. . 

Somerset however were given 
a fright by Berkshire tefore 
Simmonds scored his second try 
in iqjury lime by breaking 
through three tackles on foe 
wing, to wrap up a 1 9-7 win and 
ensure that Somerset stay in the 
first division. 

The northern group matches 
were marked by stirring second 
half displays as Lancashire re- 
tied on a final try by Jeffrey to 
halt spirited Cmpbria 2l-tg, 
while Dunn and Marwick 
scored splendid tries for Nor- 
thamherbuHl as they came from 
behind to beat Cheshire 14-9. 

In the south division, two 
tries by Atidns on foe wing in an 
fight-minute burst emphasized 
Hampshire's superiority in ev- 
ery department as they crushed 
Sussex 304. 

Harlequins repulsed their sec- 
ond university challenge in a 
week when they beat Cambridge 
by two goals, two tries and a 
penalty goal at foe Stoop ground 
on Saturday. Injuries clouded 
the afternoon for both sides, 
already short of leading players. 

In the last five minutes Rose, 
the Harlequins full back, went 
off with a sprung left shoulder 
and may be out of action for 
three weeks. Harriman, their 
right wing, damaged an elbow at 
the same time. Earlier, 
Withyman, foe Cambridge No 8 
who had not played since the 
university matdbi in December., 
pulled a hamstring and was 
replaced by an Australian called 
David Livingstone. 

Withyman should be able to 
play against Steele-Bodger’s 
team on Wednesday. Four oth- 
ers whose skill and experience 
Cambridge can ill afford to be 
without — Thomas, Oti, Cush- 
ing and Heirod — are expected 
to return for foal game. 

Despite the score Cambridge 
defended well, and their for- 
wards were anything but out- 
played. Wainwnght, the boxing 
Blue, was the most ubiquitous 
man on the park. In the ring be 
must be as hard to pin down as 
Muhammad Ati once was. The 
backs made tittle impression. 

Playing downwind. Harle- 
quins scored 13 points in foe 
first half and would have scored 
more with better passing to foe 
wings. Rose appeared in the 
centre to score the first try and 
Davies zigzagged through for 
foe second, with Cambridge 
probably expecting the whistle 
for an apparent knock-on. 

Tries by Olver and Langbom 
at foe start of foe second half 
prevented any Cambridge re- 
vival. Langbom, taking time out 
from the second row, over- 
lapped on the left wing as to the 
manor bom. 

The re feree. Bob Jenkins, 
used to be a Wimbledon umpire 
and once had a row with John 
McEnroe. To be sure, there was 
plenty of talking on Saturday, 
but it was all harmless. 

SCORERS: HartaquteK Trio*: Rosa, Da- 
vtes. Otar, Longhorn. Convwstans: Rosa 
pa. P ite Rr Rom. 

HARLEQUINS: M Rosa [nspc R GtoristefL 
A Hammwi (rep; S luNUer}, J Satawn. C 
Smrtfi. E Davws, M fwoier, D Lovendge, 
J Kingston. J Otver. M HoWey, M 
Blanchard. W Stfeman, R Langhom, D 
Cooke, E waekes. 


(BerkhamsMd and St John's), i 

i (Lancaster RGS and CtoraL 

Wytes (Wymondham and Trinity Had). *F 
dough (Si John RMb - 

i Rtady and Magdatane). T 
Isaac (Wetback and CtusuHB). M Pyrgoa 
(Wenslow and MagdateneL A Ma cL eod 
tS tiatf i a ll a n and Dowmng), J H eem an 
(Warwick and St Johns). B GNchriat 
(Sevenoaks and MagdataneL N Hunt 
(Hutton GSandSefwynji ^KafrJRJcfcvd 

H iiish and Corpus Chrtsri), N Topping 
‘ lava). A 

(High Wycombe RGS and St John’ . . 
Hobbs (Worth and Magdatane). R Wafct- 
wright (Gtonafenond and MaqdatanaJ, T 
Wimyrnen (Spakfing GS ena Emmanuel) 
(Rep D Lwngston (St Atoyaiue Sydney 
and Jesus 1- - 

Referee R Jenkins (London).*Blue. 

Oxford the likely lads 

By a Correspondent 

London Scottish 21 

Oxford University 3 

Oxford University lost their 
last game against first-class 
opposition before the Univer- 
sity match, but need not feel too 
downhearted. They have dis- 
played enough all-round talent 
this season to suggest that a 
second successive win over 
Cambridge is likely. 

London Scottish won by a 
goal three tries and- a penally 
goal to a penalty goal but were 
never in complete control 
against an Oxford side missing 
its two most influential for- 
wards. Coll MacDonald and foe 
captain, Simon Griffin, are both 
expected to play at Twick- 
enham, however. Griffin will 
lest his injured hip against the 
Oxford Old Boys on Saturday. 

With neither side making use 
of their fozeequaners it was a 
surprise to reach the interval 
with as many as 11 points on the 
scoreboard. Patterson-Brown 
and foe nimble McKay scored 
cries for Scottish, Risman reply- 
ing with a penalty. 

Thankfully, both sides gave 
therr backs a chance to impress 
in foe second half. An exciting 

Oxford move ended with 
Du foie just foiling to gather 
Risman's pass as a try seemed 
certain, before Colin Campbell, 
a replacement for the injured 
Scottish wing. Batten, took 
Searte's neat pass to score in foe 
comer. An Irvine penalty wid- 
ened the margin to 12 points. 
Five minutes from time 
Macklin’s pick-up sent McKay 
over for bis second try. 

SCORERS: London Scottt ite Tries: 
Pattarson-Browa McKay (2), CBmpML 
Conversion: Irvine: Penalty: Irene. Ox- 
ford University: Penalty: Rismar. 
LONDON SCOrnSH: S Irvine: L Batten 
(rep: C Carngbein. 0 Costae. D Bruce- 
Lockhsrt, T Patterson-Brown; N 
Ctaswonh. A McKay: N W Mr, l Kkfc, J 
Retd. I Morrison. J CampbeH-Lamerton, A 
Rhodes. J S a art o. J MackBn (apt) 

OXFORD UMVBtSrrY: -J Rtsrnon 
(Wefltegton Coflege and St Edmund Hsf. 
% vesaay (Magdalena Ccfcge School 
end Green, capft ■R R»don (Sherborne 
wid Pembrofe®). A DoiMe (Auetndten 

National University and BaSbq, I Mo- 
Donald (CtwadlD Hume “ 

. land Exeter) (rep: 

S Dfamen. Aylesbury GS and KeUeL “A 
Johnson (Radtey and St Catherine's). *S 
Roberta (Magdalero Cottage School and 
Emw): rt U^S(WBttngton Coriege and 
St Edmund Had). J cfialett (Plymouth 
Cottage and Ksbto). 5 AergMeoo (Royal 
Befest Academy and St Edmund Hafl). w 
Caricraft (Scots Cofepe. Sydney and 

and St Edmund Har^OThwher 
(Sevenoaks and Worcester), A Rtrite (Eton 
m i St Edmund Hal). N McBain 
(Amptetorth and Si Anne'!) 

Referee: N Cousins (The London Society). 
• denotes a Bhio 



7 Somerset » 
Bucks 9 Devon « 

Cornwall 6 Cfc xxe i tera frri 0 

Dooelaod Wfea3* Oxfordshire 0 

Hampshire 30 Sussex * 

Lancashire 21 Cunbria 1* 

North u mberland 14 Cheshire Jj 

Yorkshire 37 Datura 10 

Durham - 

DMSXMAL tables 

Northern DMsion 

p w D L F A Pte 
5 5 0 0 tW 51 10 

5 3 0 J ® g | 
5 1 1 3 56 88 3 
5 1 0 4 44 111 2 
- 5 0 1 4 47 10? 1 

Soutt-WeM FW Ohdston 
Cornwall 3 3 0 0 « « J 

Somerea * 2 ? 1 5 * 5 

Qcucesier 3 1 0 2 57 .22 « 

3 0 0 3 21 84 o 

Second OfrWpn . 

Devon 9 3 0 0 75 3J ® 

Dorset/Was 3 2 1 0 M IB J 

Bucks 2 0 2 O' § S ® 

ChrtwdsWB 2 0 2 0 15 80 0 

LondwDmtiWltt«E® _ - 

Herts . 4 4 0 0 g | J 

Hampshire 4 2 2 0 Jf * * 

Su»Si 4 0 4 6 28 87 0 

Leicester 22 MOMfe* . B 
Waterloo 12 RoertyoPM* " 


A&em on 30 Pontyped ID 

Bedford 1 C ow mb y 15 

Btackhaath 21 Neath 9 

SSff 16 Uana« 16 

Durham «y * 35 

pwjw V« fc> 22 rtonnaBifiton ia 

Gostortti 25 Bradford 9 

Haffex 14 Safe 0 

hSS*» a agg- 1 ^ 5 

naas i 

lSuiima a hw—. * 

ST” jsst \ 

Roundhay • J*"*"™ 'f 

Runtw 3B urraro o 

Mem 28 AbenBenr 0 

SMB* if ssssr* « 

isrsa. s 

P uiityfl fWd 18 Panarth 9 

SS croea Kbye V Gtamorgm. 
W MKUfOrs. x 


. AJOamwston 10. Portsmouth 2a Alton 25. 
Andover 3: Anttere 3. OH Ptehemtena 26: 
Aytasbwy 9. Stockwood Rwk 31 : Bank of 
England 41, Brltirt> Airways 4; BaridnaB, 
Woodfocd 13: BeacnniiaaM 30,. W 
Abbotstontem 0: Bee OB' 3. Old 
Wimbtactantans 6: Bedford Alh 28. OW 
Veorianriana 4; Btedey 0, Thames- Wy- 
technic 8; Bishop's Stanford 19, 0 U 
Centefe^uw 3: tfaekni* 38, IMnchester 
3: Bucw^am A. Oxford Maramon 6c 
Ctertwley 12 , Salttufy 9; Cambridge 
UriveSto LX cut 4, Ldghtan Buzzard 
29; Canterbury 6. Snowdon CW 12; 

Ciwdwgh IBs Chefc m fbrd 3, Eton 
1ft ChJtorn 9. Harpenden 7; CeUwtter 
51, Dite 7: Dorohwtor 27, Bounwraxrih 
7; Dorking 20. Windsor 0: Earing 24, 
BflceManso; Ees Ba qn 4, Bartngstora22; 
EMnreiam 7. Lensbwy 13: EiWlttL Ota 
EMiarmans 3; Esher 0. straamam Cray* 
dem ii; .Esso. Ffcwtoy-B. S wana gs and 
Warpham 7; Farsfam HeatbensS. Sognor 

17; 0k> CatertiMrtans 0 SI FrandsK Old 

eowvwns. Romtartf 26. Bancroft 0; Ota 
gntoemare. Barnet 22. DunstabHans 0: 
OM Epsomtans 4, Old Rekpttans 15: OM 
S^£^9C»iastiu«&Sd Mhnt 
Glfllngham Anchorlans 13; Old 
HaBeyburim 42, Oxtod 0: OU Johnfans 
IB, Nnostorv IE; Old Isleworthtans 10. 
Ue«w^4: OM Meadonans 10. OW 
Hampiortara 3; OM Pa fc rwriana 0. Cam- 
Bfca IB: OW RMja nans 39, Ow 
grtritartans ♦: OW Shoote rehOins 13, 
Brentwood 12; OM Wandsworthtas 4, 
0UGiaWftediaw22; OktWestelffians ID, 
Htod wanderers St om WhdtfSw o, 
AsKaant 76: Olney 0, Long Buckby 22; 
OriSBFP48.Belga»S, C*T20,O»ttrd 
0B fi: Part? House 3. ow Comnans it; 
Perewmena 7, Drifters ft PmnMd 7 
Cfechesnr M: 

PLA 19. Mwmgeyf 

RSrilE ArborW 01 . Whatew 3: ftiato 
12. Abbey 3; SWrley Wanderers 24. 

LEAGUE: Cambridge 0. West Ntjrferik 14; 
Hariow 35. kletraipSusn Polce (MgweO 0. 

Barnet 21. Hamel Hampamad fi; Old 
Atiantens 14. Letcfworm 7. 

cdvUoK Wktnes 14. Wigun 0. Second 
dhristaic NetnertwO 3. Workington 7: 
Warrington 10. CariiSta 15. 

Medway 12: Chartm Park 15. Tunbridge 
Weill la Vigo 13, Sheppay 6. 

WEST: Bridgwater 14. US Portsmouth 3; 
Paignton 10. Barnstaple ft Tiverton 37, 
Falmouth ft Wfefmgton 7. Herman ft 
Heiston 10. London Comuh 18. 

TABLE: Hendon 11, Rncttey 7: Twick- 
enham 13. Hamprtead 9. 

BASS MERIT TABLE: Weston-super- 
Mare 0, St hres ft Taunton 3. Torquay 3, 

SUSSEX ME«r TABLEr Burnett Hlfl 12, 
Seaford 3: Wbrttring 25. Eastbourne 7. 

Newnn Abbot 6; SMmouth S. Devon A 
Comwafl Potoe 0. 

Cooperi a na 2ft OM Beetonans 6; OU 
Wteco u nt la ns a. Old Emanuel 20. 

SHIP: Ulster 14. Ltsnstor 1ft Munster ft 
Connacht 11. 

9; Fuftasw»28, ThanM Wanderers 1ft 
- i 17. OU. 

Onwborougn 4: Souoh 9. Mgtow ft 
its -V;. May and teker ft 


, fMdfrfsfou . 

3 lle tew - «• 

13 SeMrtt 9 

3 Man 39 

i Asads' 4 Stewart* MM FP 3 

'uiit-Fdreat ^.^o#See«a«id « 
Wi i n 1 , " ilana . • 19 IferiMfa R 6 19 

Effedwigh A 


Qrasshoppers 17. OU Reedomana ft 
awssena ft Thurack 2ft Harrow W, Ota 
Kbigsterans 13: Harwell ft Chetnor 2ft 
Hanley 14. Gordon League 3: Hertford 7. 
Norwich 11; fpawict)44Buy St Edmunds 
ft 10W 22. Sanaown and ShankKn ft KCS 
OB 10: Bayne* Park 1ft Uoyds Bank 3, 
Ota JuotlBns 23; Maidstone SB, Beck- 
enham 0; Menon 17.LFB 4; Mofr opokt an 
Poice No 40W IftOrerBtonftljteBpnal 
WeMtoinster Bank 7, Bruhten a itow 
bflkMpAvoh 9, Saffron Walden 3; New- 
market 12 . woottorMae 3: OU Afl^najK 

3ftOMTlfllti>Btw6;OigBecpa hanriens2S. 
OW Stevea ft OU 21. Rtabferitan 

ft 0« BrocUeans 22, Betaahanger CW 

Stavensge 3. HHcMn 3; ^UbitfV Court 4 
Barclays Bank 7: &rtton 1ft 

Fidtarians ft Urewrttty IfentMteJO. Can- 
•taura ift foiridgo 9. Wfeiwyn ft 
Worllnghem 4, Oertfordiena 20; 
WehingDorokigh 0, Biggleswade 3, 
■ Westcombe Park 23..SevenoakS 12, 

MERIT TABLE: SUcud 9, Southend 31. 

NORTH: AspuB 3. Vtckare 11; Btrttenhead 
Park 10, Morfay 4; Bnwtfttan Park 20, 
Okay 10; Come & m$on 4, Eagle 23: 
Crewe and Nantwi ch IS. Bowden 4; 
CroeslayiaM 5ft OUum 4 De la Salle 7. 
Rochdale 14: Ecrtes 20, Sefton ft HaMn 
Vanaals ft Bumege 1& Hull and East 
Rkfang ft HarSepool Rovers ft Leek 31, 
Asnroti-uhOer-Lyne 0 ; Lymm 17. 
Wlwfeddta 4; Manchester University 23, 
Heaton Moor 3: Moore 13. HaRon 4; 
Nawtnn le wZkuvs 6. ma&mtm Col- 
lege 15: OU bBtorrians 17. Hovfake ft. 
Prasan GresEhopoers -22, Stake-on- 

naai critampionilrip tatria 


Ulster 3 3 0 0 68 24 8 

Lemeter 3 2 0 1 68 23 4 

Connacht 3 1 0 2 23 87 2 

Munster 3 0 0 j 18 43 0 

13. Guidtord endGodakiring 3: Trt3ja«ft- 
fffglr Wycombe 2T. 

Trent 3; Ruon 19. Ke#% ft Rhyl 32. 
ki Park 3; Southport IB. Onwwk 4; 

Ruskin Park 3; Southport . 

Stourttodge 12, ManShaater 6; Toe H 15. 
North Manchester a west Park 24. 
Wrexham 22; uwm 12, Sedgtay Park 13, 
W intte^an Parkis, MacaaaMiu 9. 

CLUB MATCHES: Queen's Urtvereay 23, 
OM Belvedere ft Malone 0. Ards 15: 
Instoreans 28. C«y ot Deny ft CIYMS 12. 
Academy 4; Portadown if. Watarpark ft 
Dungannon 12. Coteralne ft BaSymana 
22, Armagh ft Cotagians 13, OM Wesley 


TOUR MATCH: Unadowne 41. Fg 
Baroenans 3. 


Fitness handicap 
may be Powell’s 
only shortcoming 

By John Hennessy 

A dark horse promises to add 
20 unexpected dimension to the 
British women's figure skating 
championship at Solihull from 
today until Wednesday. She is 
Rebecca Powen, aged 18, from 
Sheffield, who has followed her 
trainer. Carole Banlam, from 
Sheffield to. it so happens, 
Solihull for tuition. 

Miss Powell would not pre- 
sume to challenge Joanne Con- 
way for her title, but her recent 
success in a National Skating. 
Association gold test points to 
her as a competitor of dass. So 
for as records immediately 
available can tdl she is the first 
skater of either sex to gain this 
distinction for some years. 

Miss Powell has taken part in 
a British championship once 
previously, in 1984, when she 
finished eighth. Last year, un- 
fortunately, she was injured on 
the eve of foe event and has 
been unable to take part in any 
competition since. She is there- 
fore for from match-fit, which 
might explain foe modesty of 
Miss Bartlam’j expressed am- 
bition on her behalf of a place in 

the top six this week. 

Thai may wen serve for public 
consumption but deep down ! 
would expea foe trainer to have 
an eye on a medal, perhaps even 
on foe second place open to 
Britain in the European 
championships in February. 
The absence of a reliable triple 
jump would be a handicap at 
Sarajevo, but it does not nec- 
essarily ruin Miss PowelTs pros- 
pects on a more bumble stage 
this week. 

The first place, dearly, beck- 
ons to Miss Conway, for all her 
inability to follow up in senior 
competition so for her dazzling 
success in the British champion- 
ship last year at foe age of only 

' Hi ere is, encouragingly, a 
larger Geld than usual for foe 
men’s title, 10 in all, with Paul 
Robinson, of Blackpool and 
Billinghara. hoping at last to 
take the gold medal after four 
second places. Ashley Moore, of 
Sunderland, is an interesting 
convert from the roller rink, 
where he was Ihree times British 


for Budd 

Zola Sudd's commitment “to 
become properly British" is the 
biggest factor behind Harry 
Wilson's decision to take over 
the gniitance of her remarkable 
athletics career. 

Steve Ovett's long time men- 
tor, WBson will I gin coaching 
the 20-year-old middle distance 
runner when she returns front 
Sooth Africa in January. 

Bndd’s decision to live perma- 
nently in GniMford and to begin 
studying in an attempt to win a 
place at a British university, 
decisively influenced one id this 
country’s most experienced 
coaches. He said: “To be honest 
I wasn’t too happy at the way 
Zola was so quickly assimilated 
into the British set-up and the 
fact she didn’t seem able to 
make np her mind where she 
wanted to live.” 

Sudd's career has been sur- 
rounded by contr o versy ever 
since she was granted an instant 
passport in the summer of the 
1984 Olympics, and the Sooth 
African-born rumer was banned 
from England's Commonwealth 
(kuM train earlier Him year 
because she had not spent 
eaongb time in this country. 

Her fink-up with Wibw was 
arranged when Andy Norman, 
British athletics’ promotions 
officer, flew to Bloemfontein 
earlier this week. Peter 
Labaschagne, the schoolteacher 
who has so for guided Bwhfs 
career, is staying in Sooth Africa 
to condone his academic career. 

WHson, who began coaching 
Ovett IS years ago, said: “I have 
got to find out a lot mote about 
her strengths and 
weaknesses.”He is convinced 
that Badd must be encouraged to 
mix more with other athletes. 
She fe* been a cmfff d of being 
aloof from her British team 
colleagues hot WHson said: “I 
have insisted that she becomes 
part of the group of people I 
train at Crystal Palace every 
Saturday afternoon, and I think 
that will do her a lot of good." 


wins with 
late charge 

Perth (AFP) - Greg Norman 
foot a four-under-par 68 yes- 
terday to win the Western 
Australian Open by one stroke 
from Terry Gale. 

-Gale, the overnight leader, 
faltered on the final hole, where 

he needed a birdie to tie with 

Norman and force a play-off. 

His crucial putt failed and 
allowed Norman to retain his 
slender lead. 

Norman, who had begun the 

£46.000 tournament unimpres- 

sively, finished on 276, 12r- 
under-par on the Lake 
Karrinyup Cotfntry Club 
course. The British Open cham- 
pion shot a blistering third 
round 66 to go with his opening 
round of level par 72 ana 
second-round 70. 

SCORES: (Australian itotess stated): 27ft 

G Norman. 7ft 70. 68. 6a 277: T Goto. 68, 

70. 68. 71: 283: P Senior. B4. 75. 70. 74. 

285: M O'Meara (US). 75. 71. 73. Bft_L 
!, 69,69. 

Stephan. 7ft 71. 6ft 68. 287. D SmHtL 7ft 
70/73. 74:0 Moore, 69. 7ft 77.71.289: J 
Crow. 79, 72. 75. 73. 291: D Talbot (CanL 
67, 79. 70. 75. 292: R Glfcay (USL 74, 74, 

7ft 7ft 293: M Perraon^Swg, 7ft 76,73. 

7ft MCoie (Can), 73. 74. 7ft 74. 296: S 

Harper (CwL 73, 7ft 75. 7ft 297: T Price 

(GBL75. 71 .76. 75. 301: D Leeuyar (Can! 
75. 74, 79, 73. MB: M Cotandra (US). 7ft 

• Bobby Wadkins. of the 
United States, fired a four- 
under- par final round of 68 to 
snatch victory in foe Dunlop 
Phoenix tournament at Mi- 
yazaki, - Japan yesterday. 
Wadkins returned a four-round 
total of 277, 1 i-under-por on foe 
difficult 7,033-yard, par-72 
Phoenix Country Club coursc 
Wadkins sewed up foe title on 
the final hole with a birdie, 
while foe joint-leader Graham 
Marsh, of Australia, could only 
manage par. 

SCORE& (Japanese unless stated): 277: 
R Wadkins [USl. 69. 73. 67. 68. 278: G 
Marsn (AusL 67. 73. 6ft 7ft 280: T 
Nakakna. 87. 7ft 69. 74. 261: 1 AoM. 7ft 
59, 71, 68. 283: M Ozato. 69. 71, 69. 74. 
284: A Bean (US). 6ft 71. 7ft 7ft 28S: K 
Green (US). 73. 71. 7ft 69 288: K Arai, 67, 
71 . 73, 75. 287: T Ktta (US). 75. 71, 71, 7ft 
288: D Tewea (USL 67. 73, 74. 74; R Tmy 
(USL 73. 7ft 6ft 75. 288: L Mize (US). 7ft 
7ft 71. 74; S BaZestoros (SpL 7ft 7ft 7ft 
74; H laM. 71, 74. 69. 75. 


Into uncharted waters 

By Jim Rail ton 

The Amateur Rowing Associ- 
ation (ARA) Council in London 
on Saturday took a big step 
forward by voting through next 
year’s budget of £375,000 and, 
in doing so. the approval in 
principle of a registration 
scheme. But these issues were 
not without opposition in a 
somewhat bizarre, truncated, 
council meeting. 

Apart from the privileged 
fourth estate and the ARA 
executives, foe detailed budget 
proposals had not been received 
by most councillors, although 
foe outline budget bad been 
widcly-circulaicd weeks before. 
It took up almost half an hour of 
foe committee's limited time for 
copies to be produced. 

Fortunately, foe ARA trea- 
surer, Ivan Pratt, was able to 
guide councillors skilfully 
through this potential minefield 
and the budget was approved by 
18 votes to seven. But foe 
budget estimate is to be financed 
Largely by a system of registra- 
tion and this was pushed 
through with 14 councillors for 
and nine against. 

Henley's chief Peter Coni, 
bad to remind colleagues that 
foe budget had to be approved, 
otherwise foe Sports Council 
grant could simply evaporate. 
The president, Neil Thomas, 
almost scythed down counter- 
proposals and amendments as 
many looked game for an all- 
night sitting. 

But foe president's eye had to 
be on foe clock and, in any case, 
there 'was a guillotine in the 
form of the caretaker. No doubt 
some councillors are still 
scratching their heads over foe 

While the system of registra- 
tion is the way forward, further 
consideration has to be given to 
the cost to beginners in the sport 
and student contributions. 
There needs to be some more 
clear thinking on how registra- 
tion will be effected across foe 
board in the spon. But the 
ARA’s Saturday meeting was, 
despite its almost complex and 
bizarre moments, a necessary 
quick stop in the right direction. 


Gordon averts 
a British 

Clever defence tactics and two 
well-taken victories pm Orleans 
2-1 ahead of Wolverhampton 
inthe first leg of foe two-match 
final of foe European club team 
championships in the Compton 
Park Activity Centre, Wolver- 
hampton, on Saturday (Nicolas 
Soames writes). 

Only Wolverhampton's 
heavyweight, * Elvis Gordon, 
fighting fast of all, managed to 
spare a whitewash in his contest 
by aggressively taking hold of 
the tall Frenchman. Laurens Del 
Colombo, and. after running 
him around the mat. exploded 
into a valley drop throw that 
completely pancaked his oppo- 
nent Del Colombo hobbled off 
foe mat with difficulty. 

Gordon's effort means 
■Wolverhampton do not have an 
impossible task in foe return on 
November 29, but it will be 
difficult For despite foe 2-1 
score, each member of the 
British team fought intelligently 
and with spirit — and still they 
could not win. 


Wallace gains 
second straight 
Macau victory 

Macau (AFP) — Andy Wal- 
lace. of Britain, won his second 
successive Macau formula three 
Grand Prix yesterday, finishing 
first in both 1 3-lap legs over foe 
3.8 mile Guia circuiL The 
British champion, driving a 
Reynard 863 VW. clocked Ihr 
12min 3M9KC for foe 30 laps. 

Starling foe second stage of 
foe two-leg race from pole 
position. Wallace led from the 
start and was never seriously 

Last year’s winner. Mauncio 
Gugelmin of Brazil, driving a 
Ralt RT. was second in Ihr 
I2min 36.3sec with the Dutch- 
man, Jan Lam men, also in a 
Rah. third in lhrl2min 37. 1 sec. 
• Britain's Ron Haslam fought 
off a desperate challenge by 
Didier de Radigues, of Belgium, 
to win the Macao motor cycle 
grand prix for a fifth time. Third 
was Randy Renfrow. United 
States, with Eero Hyvarinen. of 
Finland, fourth. Kenny Irons, of 
Britain, fifth and a Swedish air 
force pilot. Peter Linden, sixth. 





Jupiter Island signs off with Tokyo triumph Kennard Wames 

By Robert Carter 

Jupiter Island, partnered by 
Pat Eddery, brought his career 
to a fitting climax with a 
record-breaking triumph in 
the £382,775 Japan Cup in 
Tokyo yesterday. 

He won by a head from 
Allez Milord alter a dour 
battle in the final furlong 
during which the pair touched 
twice. Gre vilte Starkey wanted 
to object but, under Japanese 
rules, all inquiries must be 
initiated by the stewards. 
They viewed the head-on film 
and decided that no action 
was required. 

Starkey left the course in a 
hurry to catch his plane home 
but Geoff Lawson, represent- 
ing Guy Harwood, said: “No 
complain is. They did get dose 
but it was a case of six of one 
and half a dozen of the other.” 

He sportingly added: “If we 
did have to get beaten, Fm 
glad it was Clive Brittain’s 
horse that managed ft. He was 
very helpful earb'er in the 
week when AJJez Milord had 
trouble with his knee.” 

The free-running Allez Mi- 
lord had raced in second, 
behind the pacesetting 
Kushiro King, from the start 
He drew alongside the leader 
approaching the straight 
where Jupiter Island had 
moved up close behind, hav- 
ing been towards the rear until 
the final turn. 

Allez Milord hit the front 
over one fUrtong out, pressed 
by Jupiter Island, and rolled 
off a true line under pressure 
in the last 100 yards. Jupiter 
Island, who was a little ham- 
pered at that point himself 
bumped Allez Milord a few 
strides from the post 

Pat Eddery drives Jupiter Island to a narrow victory over Allez Milord (Greville Starkey) in an all-British photo to yesterday’s Japan Cop 

Royal Bond belies age 

Last year's Japanese St Le- 
ger winner, Miho Shinzan, 
was third followed by Rugby 
Bail, also fourth in this year's 
Japanese Derby, and the 
strongly-fancied New Zea- 
land-trained colt Waveriey 

The other foreign runners 
all ran disappointingly. Caro- 
tene, from Canada, finished 
ninth. Triptych (Tony Cruz) 
was eleventh. Flying Pidgeon. 
the only American hope, 
twelfth and Tommy Way 
(Willie Carson) thirteenth of 
the 14 runners. Triptych broke 

fast but was soon settled in the 
rear and never appeared to be 
going well. Tommy Way was 
also trailing throughout 

Jupiter Island cut three- 
tenths of a second off the 
record set by the American- 
trained Maizy Doates in the 
first running of the Japan Cup 
five years ago. 

It was a triumph for trainer 
Clive Brittain and his staff 
who nursed the seven-year-okl 
back to full fitness after be was 
out of action from April to 
October. Jupiter Island 
cracked his hoof and con- 

tracted an abscess in the foot 
when finishing third to Dahar 
m CalifomiaThfs was his 
race and he will now be retired 
to stud. 

Big-race details 


•ww* CUP (£382,775, Tm 4 ft 
JUPTfBl ISLAND (Pat Eddery); * 

" ”3 StarKBVk 3. Mho Smnzan (M 
ALSO RAN: Rugby Bel (4thL 
ikura Yutaka (era! 

A new £0175,000 chase at 
Leopardstown in February is 
now ob the agenda for Royal 
Bond, who made light of top 
weight and advancing years to 
win the Fo rtria Handicap Chase 
at Navaa on Saturday (Oar Irish 
Racing Correspondent writes). 

Just a few weeks short of his 
fourteenth birthday. Royal Bond 
is very much the grand old man 
of the Irish jmapmg scene, la his 
younger days he won over 
hurdles at Cheltenham and has 
retained his form remarkably 
veil since. 

He was ridden with good 
judgement by Pat Taaffe's 22- 
year-old son, Tom, who was 
having bis first mount over 
fences since taking a bad fell. 
Asked to nominate the horse 
he would most like to ride ha the 
Aintree- Grand National, an 
event his father won twice, Tom 
picked on Bold Agent and this 
10 -year-oM justified his judge- 
ment with a six-length win in the 
Navaa Supporters' Troytown 
Handicap Chase. He comes 
from an eight-horse stable run 
by Etmon 


Guide to our in-line racecard 


By Mandarin 

103(12) 04X32 TOESromaiCDJBF) (Mrs JRytoyJB Hal 9-100 

Racecard number. 

B West (4) 


1.00 Pharaoh's Lam. 
1.30 Seagram. 

100 Hope End. 

2 JO Masterplan. 

3-00 Sabin Du Loir. 
3.30 Prince Ramboro. 

Draw fei brackets. Six-figure 
id up. U-unseatad rider. B- 
: down. Sapped up- R-rafused). Horse's 
nameCB-bUnkers- v-vSar. H-hood- E-Eyoshieid. C- 
eourse winner. Distance winner. CO-coursa 

and distance wanner. BF-heaten favourite in latest 
race). Owner in brackets. Trainer. Age and 
weight. Rider pfcs any aSowanca. The Times 
Private HanCScapper's rating. Approximate starting 

By Michael Seely 
3.00 SHEER GOLD (nap). 330 Infinity Rules. 

Going; good to firm (chase course); good (hurdles) 

13 ADVENT NOVICE HURDLE (£1 , 263 : 2m) (17 runners) 

230 BOAR'S HEAD TROPHY CHASE (£1,676: 3m If) (7 runners} 

1 F300-31 MASTBtPLAN (Mrs W Sytos) hbs W Sykes 611-8 

2 043/PP0- TWISTY CATCHER (M Tata) M Tale 8 - 11-0 

3 442062 BACKLOG {J Dalton) J Dalton 6-10-10 

4 005906 BflYHA (Mrs M Pattng) B Paling 6-10-10 

5 6 F B-VERS GREEN (R Lambert) A WgftltngBto 8-10-10 

10 • OP-2 WICKED UNCLE (Mrs B Samuel) F Winter 61610 

11 6 F FLORENCE MAY (H Fahfcams) Mrs S Richardson 7-104... 

,_M Ba«ard 
. BdeHaari 
. C Evans (4) 

. P Scudamore 
P Warner 

• 99F2-1 
87 3-1 
85 12-1 
— 25-1 
St 34 
S3 10-1 



04X2321 PBtLLYIfSPRnE(D)(B Benton) R Jockos 61 1-5 - - 

J Herat (7) 

. GUcCout 

• 99 61 



LOCH LADDIE (H Yates) R HoBrahead 4-1612. 

. P Dever 

— — 



OF MANASSASS (Mrs P Harris) P Harris 4-1612 - — - 

_ D Skynn*(7) 
R Crank 

— — 


6 SALMON RUN (Mrs J Mould) D Nicholson 61612 

— 61 




TAKE NO TRASH (E Bronfman) N Henderson 61612 

VAL FWT1NF RflY(P W*ram-i) n Rnmiv: 

- S Smith Ecdee 

— 61 
— 14-| 






CHANNEL BREEZE (WKavana£i)E Wheeler 6167 

O VALRACH(R Starke) G Ham 4-167 

WOODLANDS RENTMtBI (Mss M Praecel P Prttehard B-1 67 

— sr KSTTtngioii 


— 12-1 

1985: AFRICAN STAR 7-11-0 J Frost (13-8) R Frost 5 ran 

FORM " ASTERPL * N<11 - 

And Sinpes and Broken Wing 151 and 2M at Stratford &n «. £3280. good, Nov 6. 11 
BACKLOG (10-12) makvn Ms seasonal reappearance coted find no extra on the run-m wtwn a 2SH 2nd to 
Roy's Hause(1612) here j3m 1 1 , £1464, firm, Nov 5. 4 ran). 

Folkestone test swoon (3m 21. £1743, soft, Apr 29, TO ra . 
debut (11-0) 2Q 2nd to BaUymulHsh (11-2) at Kempton (3m, £1 863m good, Novfi, 4 ran), 
promnent when faBng first time ouL Last year ( 11 - 8 ) was Id 3rdto Torvifle in a maiden luaitars Chase at 
Worcester (3m. £4065, good lo soft. May 21 . 20 ran). 


10 WEST MIDLANDS HURDLE (£2,666: 2m 6f) (5 runners) 

2 011211 - PIE'S PEAK (Lord Soames) N He nde r son 5-11-10 S Srattb Ecdae 

3 004010 AMBCB(D)(P Besmck) Mrs G Jonas 8-1 1-5 JSsMiara 

5 41F30-3 SFEER GOLD (Lady Harris) G Bekfing 6 - 1 1-5 G Bradley 

6 41040-2 TUGBOAT (BF) (Mrs G Euenratt) P MrtcnaS 7-11-5 RDwwoody 

11 111 /U 2 P- SABM DU LOIR (B KBpatrick) D M-SmtOl 7-10-12 CBniwA 

198& (Handicap) PETBt MARTIN 4-104 S Holand (0-t) F Lae 14 ran 


IflBS: No correspomfing race 

E (104)) held off the late 
£3617. good. Nov 15. 11 ran). 

at Chepstow ( 2 m. £1307. good to soft, Nov 1. 21 ran) 
a consistent tondicapper around 71 on the Flat made some lata progress 
at Market Rasen ( 2 m, £161 1. good. Nov 14, 18ran). PKARQAH’S LEAN was 
‘ ri- 10 in» " ‘ 

rv/nm wick last time (2m. 

ex perience. CREEAGER (11 
16KI 7Th to Royal Creek (1 1 
behind inaNewtxi 
fessJonal View (11 
(10-7) ran as the 

ran). CHANNB. BREEZE ( 1 1-4) to ex4rtsh horse and finished 
£ 8 W. yield. May2Q, 17 ran) in a NH Flat race. 


1.30 BROCKTON NOVICE CHASE (£1,653: 2m 41) (11 runners) 

1 0/122-31 SEAGRAM (C) (Maincrast Lid) D Barons 6-11-4 

2 2F3410 TURKANA (J Upson) T Cosay 6-11-4 

rubles Foitv (3-13) by a head at War- 
BAY ( 11 - 0 ) could not rpiickan when 
dv 1, 21 ran) but wB benefit for the 

»L 3rd to Such Fun (11-7) at MaUow(2m 51. 

•99 -5-2 
50 25-1 
87 8-1 
97 15-8 

I at Ascot and (1 1-6} ran best raoe last seaon on heavy ground at Haydock beating 
» (12-0) 101 (3m, £5888. Jan 18. 10 ran). TUGBOAT (12-7) ran nght up to best when going down by 
only VI to Sexton Ash ( 1 (H)) at Ptumplon (2m4f. £1624. hard. Atm 15, 6 ran). SABIN DU LOIR dfcappotnted at 
the Chdtanham festival having been ( 1 0-7) a vary proonsmg ZKI aid to See You Than ( 1 1 -12) at Sandown (2m. 
£5332, heavy. Feb 1.9 ran). 

Setechorc SHEER GOLD 

P Merida 

G Charles Jones 

B (U00480- CATHY’S PAL fC Kvmel J Chum 61D-12 _ 



14 lUnaOO- MCENSE (H Attwoodl P Bawsn B-1612 


nOM-U KAMADS (BF) (Mis P FOul) F VWntor 61612 



00034-4 WTLWI(MraJ Meredith) BPreebe 61612 — 

S KoOand 

91 5-1 
— 12-1 

3.30 LADBROKE HANDICAP HURDLE (£1 ,536: 2m) (20 runners) 

1 201033- CRADLE OF JAZZ (D)(K Britten) J Old 6 - 11-10 

12200-0 imflTY RULES (D£F) (MeoMNoodS Ltd) S Melor 5-11-10.- 

F-013T3 MOUNTAIN MAN (D) (Mrs YAflsop)ROafcm 10-1 1-9 

040130- THE NUB <D)(P Duggan) WH-Bess 7-11-8. 

IIO/OOF MAFCXTS TOKEN (D) (D Robinson) R Holder 6 - 11 - 8 - 
44014(0 LUCETES (CD) (S HoBngworth) F Jordan 5-11-Z- 

21 P42F-3F NEW SONG (J Sanders) M OUrar 7-10-12., 

— 10-1 
— 3-1 

— 16-1 
Donwoody *99 6-1 

8 332132- STORM HOUSE (0) (Mrs N Myers) Mrs J Pitman 4-10-12- 

— _ GBrsteey 
— M Harrington 



P Richards 

C Smith 

90 14-1 
89 8-1 
S3 5-1 
97 12-1 

P2SU40- PRINCE RAMBOHO (D) (E Wheatley) Ms M Rfmefl 5-10-11. 

024213 LITTLE SLOOP (D) (Mrs G Bemey) □ fflcricbon 4-10-9 

3004)00 TAGKJ (D) (M TaU) M Tate 6-169. 

1985c LEWIS ESTATES 7-10-12 S Morshead (15-8) Mrs M Rmal 5 ran 

0P14-00 NORTHERN HOPE (D Gsfiyer) G Kmdersiey 4-10-7. 
0-P0100 SHADY LEGACY (D) (D Pugh) R Morris 5-10-6. 

makes his 

. . Hd. Oct 15. 5 ran) by 121 from La Marsh (1612). KAMADEE (114)1) 
debut after soma decent hunflng form at Cheltenham (2m. E1500, firm, Oct 8. 3 ran) beatng 
30L fivnura (10-5) weakened into 4th. baaten 371 by Sanddiffe Boy (16-7) at SouttnreR 
„ 1 to soft. Nov 18. 11 ran). NEW SONG fail 2 exit at Chettenham behind Cocatoe last time. 

(n^SZLi^rd ® Astern Mtoor (1 1-3) at Chepstow (2m. £2308, firm, Oct 4. 5 ran). 




17 4/40301- END OF THE ROAD (D)(K Ferrell) J Perot! 6-1 66 

18 UMNO MOU-DAFA(M Pipe) MP*» 6166 

19 00P01/P LAST TRAB. (D) (M WBesnxOi) M WDesmith 7-166, 

20 4800P4) DBIWENT KMG (CO) (R Croft) Mrs J Ontt 9-166 



W Humphreys (7) 

M Bustard 

« — — C Brown 
Mss L Wslece (7) 

306403 ENSIGNS KIT (CO) (A Brisboume) A Brtsboume 11-10^ 
312POO- MGH BARN (8 Chemiey) B Chamley 7-164. 

10- SWHTOPTTMSr (D) (Mrs PGtennJJ Chuog 5-163. 
24 4/0001-0 BUGATTI (D) (D Matam) D Burcrid 610-2 

G Charies Jones 

— P Scu da more 

J Bryan 

S Moore 

— M Brisboume 

S Turner (7) 

A Sharpe 

S Davies (7) 

90 7-2 
• 99 — 
92 — 

92 — 

93 — 
97 6-1 

97 — 
91 — 
89 — 
S3 — 

2j0 MUCH WENLOCK HANDICAP CHASE (£2,036: 2m) (10 runners} 

1985: No co r res p onding race 


0FPD-C3 RAN ARCTTO(D) (Mrs RBB)TB9 7-11-10. 

_. H Crank 




MMWJ- LOVE (F fi^ms) E Pram 7-V(H) 


PP012U CHESTNUT PRINCE (i))(1 Bustoh) P Pritchard 11-160 



13200/0 ROYAL MANX (CD) (B PaiSng Ud) B PaiSng 610-0 - 

C Evens (4) 


PODM THE NUB (J1-2J gcxid eflorr to be 1 XI 3rd to suh» 
rwnm £1242, soft Apr 11, 16 ran). STORM HOUSE (11- 

luant scorer I 

1 11 2nd to La Sov (169) at UttoxeterJ 
jod. May 1. 21 ran), LITTLE SLOOP (11- 

. . (70. 7 ranL DERWENT KWG (10-6)20 Xil 

5ti> to AMIam (11-4) with SHADY LEGACY (10-9) 9th, TAC30 (11-0) and ENSIGM KIT (166) unplaced here 
(2m. £1934. firm. Nov 5. 15 ran). Previously SHADY LEGACY (1 0-1) a 25-1 shot wtwn Mating Tharaieos (1 1-7) 
1 Kl with MOUNTAIN MAN (1 1-^a further 4J back in 3rd at Bangor (2m. £16%. good to linn. Oct 18. 5 ranL 
ENSKatS KIT (1612) 12l3rdtoOrudenBay(1612)withBOGATn(10-as poorfthat SouBiwd(2m.£1109. 
good to soft Nov IB. 12 rai^ FTenousiy BUGATTI (163) beat CRAE&E OF JAZZ (11-7)3 at Uttoxeter pm, 
£1280. good to firm, Sapt 26. 10 ran) 

Selection; STORM HOt&E 

1985: nSGOTTABEAUUGHT 8-11-12 S Morshead (5-4 <av) Mrs W Sykes 3 ran 


4th to Romany Mghtfode (12-9) atlftrtwr fflm. 

ha Hrick when beating Peter Anthony (164) 121 at Hereford (2m, 22402. good to soft Nov 11.' 6 rariL ASIA 
BWOR was wen bdow tomi last time. Prevtousfy (11-3) beat Lrie Guard £11-0) 31 at Chepstow (2m, Nov Ch. 

Course specialists 

MrsM Hbnefi 
N Henderson 
Mrs J Pitman 
□ Nicholson 


Winners Riamers 

■ 5 19 

5 20 

25 104 

7 40 

9 62 

8 68 

ir Cent 




Winners ■ 






Per Cart 


S Morshead 





p Scudamore 





P Barton 





R Crank 





1.45 LE TOUQUET NOVICE HURDLE (Div II: £685: 2m Gf) (14 runners) 


By Mandarin 

12.45 High Viscosity. 
1.15 Boyne Salmon. 
1.45 Super Energy. 

2.15 GEATA AN UISCE (nap). 
2.45 French Captain. 

3.15 Write The Music. 

The Times Private Han dicapper’s top rating: 1.15 STEEL YEOMAN. 

Going: soft (chase course); heavy (hurdles) 

12-45 LE TOUQUET NOVICE HURDLE (Div h £685: 2m 60 (12 runners) 


0U610 SURER ENERGY (Ms M Slade) J Grfford 61611 

_ . Rftarae 

98 11-4 


214400 UTTLE KATRINA (J Lacey) W Kemp 5-166 

- SSWtotan 



, B IVioMa 





• 89 


. PeraiyFfile6Heyw(7) 




0P4) DUSKEY COWC (L Futchor) J fcng 4-10-0 


006 LLOYDS DARK LADY (Mrs P WaTO-Jones) DGrissal 7-160 .. J «UnX 



95 15-8 
• 99F64 


Of JOLTS GHL (Mre M Ryan) M Ryan 4-10-6 



OPPOflT CLEAR MAGIC (P PoOock) A Moore 6-10-5 __ 


000-0 COktYN LEGEND (Mrs E Boucher) J GSftoro 6165 . 

— 7-1 


OOWOFO FADING DAWN tVI tO Henley) P Butter 6165 




OPO-OOO HAYASHI (Mrs B Hammond) Gaa3ey6165 M 

OOP-OO JjO^R COVER (Mrs A Garra»JHng 4-10-5.. 

Mfan Z Devtson (7) 

S3 61 
92 16T 


63034 SW3=DY BOY fl. FuflertG Blight 4-10* 


000306 CSJJR {Mbs L Kara) R Hmd 4-ian 


Opp-O TOWS LASS (MTlnaderlB Wise s-iao.. 


1985; (2m 5t) NO HACK 69-12 Miss C Moore (4-1) C Read 13 ran 
2.15 OTTERDEN HANDICAP CHASE (£1,548: 3m 2f) (5 runners) 

1 41/3612 OATA AN IMSCE(RDermy)TF«ster 613-3 (7ex) 

2 0F31F-B ANNA'S MITE (J Btake ney) H Bfakenay 7-11-8 

3 04424=0 SOUTWIOWN SPWT (R Dove) MISS L Bower 1611*6.- 

4 20P01/F TBK BELOW (Lavinia Duchess at Nortdc) Lady Harries 61612 -MNnena 

5 UPPOOP/ POOR EXCUSE (O HenWy) P Bufer 11-160 ATOXNanwn 

19BS: DARGAI 61613 A Webber (7-2) R Armytage 8 ran 

2A5 MARSH HANDICAP CHASE (£1,783; 2m 4q (8 runners) 

Utareey(4) N99F40 

Judy BtxfcSMV (7) 97 62 

RROWM 96 4-1 

— 161 
— 14-1 


07 F2-1 
82 11-2 
92 3-1 

1985; (2m 51) CUMREW 610-5 J While (7-1) N Vigors 15 WI 


(16 runners) 

8 3006P/0 BASIL’S CHOICE (R Champion) R Champion 11-11-7. 

9 1F/30P6 ROCK SAJNT (CD) (GGrogaoroGGregaon 11-11-4 Mr T Grantham (4) 

13 P04312 FORESTDALE (0) (MrsM WaiSBlC WetoS 61 1-0-_ H David 

13 2166FU GLBI MB. P MeKeevar) O Sherwood 61613— S Sherwood 

15 3101-03 SLIPALOfHJ (D) (J Read] PJ Jones 9- 1610 CMem 

16 122206 FRENCH CAFTAN! (Lawna Duchess of Noricdt) Lady Herries 161610 M KU*m *99 161 

18 23211-F AUTUMN 2UUI (BXXBF) (P Boddy) Mss L Btwver 7-163 RRcxrefl 90 62 

19 00/T3-40 DENSTONpJpLkidenwodJD Underwood 61 (H) L Harvey H) 93' — 

1905: STRAY SHOT 7-1 1-2 R Rows (62 jt-tav) J Gifford 12 ran 

3.15 ROYAL OAK MOTEL HANDICAP HURDLE (Amateurs: £1 .339: 3m 3f) (12 runners) 

162343) HALL’S fWNCE (J HopHxi] D Grssefl 5-11-7 T Grantham (4) *99 62 

232F4B WHITE THE MUSIC (V) (J Abel) P FeJgalB 611-0 Mr* J Soofldert (7) 95 4-1 

410633 EHA OILEY (A J Bingley Ud) □ EDswOflfl 4-10-8 P UcOufikn (7) 

2 0002-14 UNO (Ur* P Hams) P Harris 611.3 

4 2230-43 BATU (Lady Herm»nn 6 ekjnt )0 GrBseil 61610 - 

5 OP/OOQ2- BOYNE SALMON (T Duke) Miss L Bower 61610,. 

8 OOOP-P DttUMBHlSACfC Bravery) c Bravery 61610 

9 OOOOfPP DRUMMOND STREET (F HO) A Moore 7-1610.. 

10 600000 DUSKY BROWN (T King) GGracey 61610 

A Wshtt 

C Mann 

Mr T Grantham (4) 
L Harvey (4) 

— G Moore 

82 F« 
88 62 
82 61 

81 61 

11 UV0FP4- erne’s keep (O «pMy) G Ripley 11-1610 Mr A Keaeway (7) 

13 2324MP GASOOF (Mrs GMcBrk)a)W Kemp 61610 , SSbtbten 

14 0046F0 HARDBRIDGE{GHolQH FlifCh-HeyM 61610 RQoMsMto 

16 POPP- IVY LEAGUE (J Hutctwoon) J Jrmkxis 61610 S Sherwood 

17 D90P/34 MISCHEVOUS JACK (B Byford) B Byford 61610 Hft-SAnAwm 

18 80F2/P* NIGHT ATTACK (Mrs F Burgess) J Bum 161610 Mm C EOtott — — 

20 OOP30P/ PRINCE FEUX (Mrs L Browning) D Browning 61610 JAkehurat 

21 OOOP- ROMAN SING (D Mertm^etts) J Gifford 7-1610 R Rowe — 161 

22 0004P0- STm. YEOMAN (Mrs H«wen)J Gifford 61610 EMwpby *39 7-2 

24 04BFF3 TEXAS TUfflEY P Wright) 0 Oughion 61610 HDavtaa 83 161 

19B& GOLDEN HBNSTABL 61610 R Rowe (62) J Gflfara it nao 



17 . ... 

19 oraupfy VALMAI (R Ledger) R Ledger 7-167 

19 06M03 SB1UNDY GroontiJridge) R Curtis 6167 

20 OOMFOS FATA MORGANA (Mrs PWe) Mrs P PUB 11-167 

21 4Q3/P60 BALLY TA SK (B Ueweflyn) B Uewutyn 16167 

22 043Q60 TARA'S QOEFTAM (G Enright) G Ennght 6167 . 

000006 TDM NOEL (Mrs H Noonan) B Cambtdge 11-167 MraHNoonriri) 

34«»1F- MOUHTFBmAW(B)(fi Beer) PJ Jones 16167 Mu C Htehfcms (7) 

IM330P- HOPEFUL SAINT (T King) W King 6167 0 Bwareywqrfii (7) 

P000P-3 DEW.’S GOLD (MSmailman)R Shepherd 6167 Ifea C Smekaen (7) 

98 re-4 
91 — 
— 161 

90 14-1 

Mis N Ledger (7) 

A Keaeway (7) 93 — 

Mrs D IfttEbefi (7) — — . 

(Bee B U o weayu (7) 
. Mas A Harwood (7) 

190S6 NORTH WEST 16164 Miss C Mona (4-1) A Moore 11 (an 

Course specialists 

J Offord 
J Jenkins 
B Wise 


Wmners Rumors 
16 69 

11 69 

4 39 


Per Cant 






5 ' 







80 — 

Per Cam 
21 .9 

Sabin Du 


Sabin Do Loir, fevoured by 
the race conditions, can gain his 
first success since 1983 by 
beating Sheer Gold and Pike's 
Peak, in a fascinating contest for 
the West Midlands Hurdle at 
Wolverhampton this afternoon. 

David Munay-Smith's geld- 
ing ran three times last season 
and in the second of those 
chased home the Champion 
Hurdler, See You Then, in the 
Oteiey Hurdle at Sandown in 

He subsequently contested 
the Waterford Crystal Stayers’ 
Hurdle at the Cheltenham Festi- 
val and played a prominent role 
until three out where he made -a 
serious error and was polled up. 

Sheer Gold started joint- 
favourite for foal Cheltenham 
race and was lying second when 
felling at the last. She ran a fen- 
race on her reapppearance to 
finish third to Ibn Majed and 
Gave Brief and. with her stable 
in fine fonn, is likely to head the 

However, in what may de- 
velop into a tactical battle, I feel 
she may prove vulnerable to a 
horse of Sabin Du Loir’s speed, 
especially as she is meeting my 
selection on 121 b worse terms 
than when they clashed at 

Pike’s Peak was one of last 
season's leading novices but 
feces a formidable task in 
attempting to give weight to his 
elders here. With his stable yet 
to stiike form, this highly- 
promising five-year-old is likely 
to need the run. 

For the day's best bet, 1 look 
to Folkestone where Geata An 
(Jisce can defy his big weight 
against four modest rivals in the 
Otterden Handicap Chase. 

A useful staying novice two 
seasons ago when trained by 
Owen Brennan, my nap fol- 
lowed his recent Windsor win 
by giving supporters of 
Conquering a fright at Newbury 
od Friday, eventually going 
down by a length: 

He meets nothing of that 
calibre today and the feet that a 
trainer of Forster’s experience is . 
prepared to run a young chaser 
again so soon is a pointer in 

At Southwell, I visualize the 
Easiertry brothers having a win- 
ner apiece with Peter sending 
out Just AHck (3.0) and Mick 
saddling BSckerstaffe (3.30). 

Hennessy defeat 

By Michael Sedy 

Les Kennard yesterday with importing Mew Zealand- 

claimed that John SpearirK’s 
decision to leave Run AwfSfaP 
in the Hennessy Cognac GoM 
Cup ai the four-day deciaranon 
stage had deprived Two Cop- 
pers. his lVWength runner-up, 
of the chance of hea ting 
Broadhealh in that stanuna- 
sappmg duel over the final four 

fences at Newbury on Saturday. 

-Of course the feet that the 

winner was canying 31b less 
made all the di&rMce," said 
the Somerset trainer. ^AIl the 
horses were very tired in the soft 
ground and we were coming 
hock at Brpadhcath at the 

fi nish. " 

The Newbury stewards have 
reported Spearing to the stew- 
ards of the Jockey Club to find 
out not only why Rim And Skip 
was left in at the four-day sage 
but also why the horse was not 
withdrawn on Friday. 

“Originally I was keeping my 
options open." was the trainer’s 
only comment yesterday. “And 
I couldn't take him out over- 
becausc there were difS- 

bred jumping stores. 

“Wi nning the SdrwtppCS with 

Bootfares was a w onder ful 
experience,'' he said yesterday. 

Saturday’s win was pretty 
rewarding as weiL I feel that 
Broadbeatb now earned the 
right to take on Forgxve'n Forget 
in the Ring George but Tm not 
sure where be u go in the 

Twoi COppers. together with 

his stable companion, Tnska, 
will now be aimed at the Welsh 
National and Maori Venture, a 
fast-finishing third on Saturday, 
will now attempt to repeat last 
year's win in toe Cbrak Book- 
makers Handicap at Lzngfield 
for Andy Turned 

Soft West Country voices 
were in evidence in the 
onsaddfing enclosure after Bar- 
ons and NichoBs bad completed 
a double when Playschool 
proved too strong for Mark 
Dwyer awd Cowciagh King id 
the Hopeful Chase. “This was 
the first of my New 

one ... . . 

Zealand-breds." said the tramer. 

. “He's a pretty feir horse and Tm 

The practice of trainers detib- going to train him for the Sun 
eraldy leaving top weights in Alliance Chase.” 


duties in communication'’. 

handicaps in order u> favour 
their more strongly fended can- 
didates lower down has for some 
tune been a thorn in the side of 
the authorites and the connec- 
tions of other horses in the race. 

In the Gerry F ei ldg n Hurdle, 
Humberside Lady proved a 
bitterly disappointing favourite 
but River Cdriog showed much 
of his old fire until he nred 
between the last two flights and 

So. although Spearing himself finished third, 36 lengths behind 
had no other P°^hle ranntf in Barn brook Agaro. 

“I thought he ran pretty well 
first time out in the mud," said 
Nicky Henderson. “He'll now 
follow the same pattern as See 
You Then two seasons ago. He'll 
go for the SGB Hire Shop 
Hurdle at Ascot on the way to 
the Champion Hurdle.** 
Henderson also bad news of 
last year’s 12-length Hennessy 
winner. Galway Blaze. “About 
nine weeks two he went back to 
Cambridge for tests and scan- 
ning after an operation to one of 
his c an non bones. Since then 
he's been doing steady road- 

the race, an inquiry will help to 
clear the air and provide guid- 
ance for the future in these 

However, although Kennard 
is entitled to feel aggrieved, a 
study of the video recording of 
the race suggests ihat 
Broadheath won with at least 
31b in hand. Apart from the fixst 
two home. Plundering and 
Strands Of Gold also had 
chances of winning at tire test 
but it was Broadbeath's ability 
to quicken that finally won the 
great race for David Barons's 
Kingsbridge stable. 

As every bandicapper knows 
to his cost, this is dm an easy 
problem to solve. Pan! Nicholls, 
the 24-year-old winning jockey, 
confirmed this when he said 
afterwards: “My main concent 
was to get Broadheatb settled. 
That mistake three out was a bit 
fair-raising but after that I felt 
we were always in control as be. 
always pulls out more when he's 

Barons, aged 49, togetho- with 
his wife, the former point-to- 
point rider, Jenifer Retrace, has 
now been running one of the 
most successful racing stables in 
West Country history for 25 
yearn. They also operate a 1200- 
acre Sum and have recently 
started a business co n cerned 

“And I hope to be able to get 
so me fester work into him in the 
New Year before training him 
for the mqjor spring races.” 
Ladbrokes are only prepared to 
offer an unrealistic 20-1 against 
this brilliant but basically un- 
sound chaser for the Chelten- 
ham Gold Cup. 

David Hsworth, justifiably 
incensed at his lota) neglect by 
the media after Bam brook 
Again's impressive win. said: “I 
know RivCT Ceiriog is bound to 
improve buz we did win by a 

very kn»g way. The original plan 

was to go dosing hut after that 
well have to go for the Bula 
Hurdle at Chdienham just to 
see bow good be is.” 

Saturday’s results 

; Again (7-2): 2. Beat 
). Ffwer Cfltrfog (5-ZL 

• Broadheatb. 61 winner of 
Saturday's Hennessy Goid Ciip 
at Newbffiffj, was nappes? by 
Mandarin (Michael PMUfos) 
and was The Times Private 
Handkapper's top rating of the 


124S 1, MWnjec (4-1); 2, Sir's At The 

Gin (4-1): 3. Puck's Plaice (13-6 fa*). 12 

ran. NR: r' — 

T.15 1. 

The Retreat (33-1): 3. 

Humberside Lady 61 tar. 7 ran. 

-L50 1. Bnwdbaath (61k 2. Two 
coppera (561k 3. Maori Venture (161). 
Charter Party 5-1 * ' 

8 &1. 

2-50 1. UUe Bay (61k 2. OouWeton 
161) ; 3. Jo CotanOo 114-1). Our Fun. 
Romany Nightshade 62jt-favs. 8 ran. 
rai.Petfet* Dote* (^1);2. Federal 

Trooper (7-2); 3, Alto Cumulus (11-4 taw). 

21 ran. 

< £ao 1 , pars Jester ( 6 » few* 2. 

Carousel Rocket (3-1); 3. Deneho (161). 

11 ran. NR GreenhUs Boy. 

1:0 1. Ptedadon Green (14-1); 2. Tartan 
TveM^R (4-1 (t-favk a Katy Quick (20-1 v. 
MBesian Dancer, The Odor ana Bun 4-1 6 
favs. 13 ran. 

1.30 1. The Divider 
Connection (64 tavk 3. 

4). 6 ran. 

2D 1, String Player (61 
IK 3. Cool Strike ( 61 ). 
ft*. 12 ran. 

2J0 1. Grinders (Evens fay); 2. Hardy 

Led (3-1 J; 3. Royal Jet (tl-2). 4 ran. NR 
Peaty Sandy. 

id 1, General Chaodoe (61): 2. Oaken 
(5-6 hwk 3. Ida's Dakght (62). 5 ran. 

230 1. Rtendate fUMk 2 Glass 

Mountain (2-lfc 3. OuMtm (162). Tartan 

Trademark 7-4 tar- 15. ran. NR: 
M & nd ra o eD e . 

Catterick Bridge 

v Poor The 

1230 1.Crene Poor 1 

Wine (14-1), 2. 


p- 1 ). 20 ran. 

10 1. Patrick’s Star (4-1). Z Oocn 
Venture (64 tav):3. Fanny Rtato (4-1). 10 

10 ran. 

(1611 tavk Z 
, (6D.8raa 
r.2. Ai-Alam(64 
•1). 9 ran. NR: 

Box (161); 4, Mesa 

tav. 19 ran. NR: 

Z NawfUfl 
Moore (6 

Market Rasen 

1245 1, Mb Choice (261k Z Ascot 

Again (261k 3L Juke Boa 

KBpfrlj. Kitty Wren 4-1 
Tonamr Gurmar. 

1 . 1 b 1 , Kmnomora (611 lavk 2 . 

Badsnvorth (64k 3. Jk nmypick (161). 3 


IAS 1. By The Way (4-11 fav) finished 
alone. 3 ran. 

2.15 1. Another Norfaft (13-2); Z Mac 

Charley (I4-1k 3. Chnstraas no#y (7-1). 

Qgsim 11-8 fav. 15 ra 

245 1. Dan The RObr \ 



, 3.15 1. Starwood (61); Z Royal Greek 
(13-8 fcvk 3. Mkoola Eva (161). 19 ran. 

Leaders oyer the jumps 


J Rogers*! 32 17 8 0 +81.49 

Q Rfchards. 30 22 15 0 -5.99 

M Pipe. 24 14 6 2 -44.66 

W Stephenson 23 24 10 4 -6283 

jGittard 21 11 8 6 +8202 

GBakfing 20 11 11 2 +.1B.96 

J Jenkins 19 19 12 1 -65^6 

D Nicholson 18 4 12 1 +42.37 

D Etsworth 16 12 6 0 +42.46 

M H Eaateihy 15 14 7 0 -461 

P Scudamore 
M Dwyer 
R ftjnwoody 
P Tuck 
C Grant 
0 Powell 
R Lamb 

u m u i 

39 30 22 
34 17 9 
33 16 28 
28 24 17 
22 29 20 
20 28 22 
19 14 11 
17 7 3 
17 14 9 

. -81.15 

SSEcdes 17 10 15 2 -14.06 



By Mandarin 

1.0 Rambling Wild. 1.30 Flaming PearL 2.0 
Nineteen Shillings. 230 Friendly Bee. 3.0 Just 
Alick. 3.30 Bickerstafie. 

Michael Seely's selection: 3.0 Just Alick. 

NOVICE HURDLE (£685: 2m) (12) 

l W gW<y ig«T D Gandoifa 611-0 NFeem 

7 nr. JESTBI C Holmes 611-0 7~ 

\ £2iSS5pSM James 7-1 1-0. SftMron Jmea 

.f °®: SS“I atAFTD wreie 6im__“" 

-JE £9*®* CUTHBBrr R Woodhouse 4-1611 ! 
® PAWS HATCH J Jenkins 4-161 T 

Going: heavy 

1.0 MANSFIBLD NOVICE CHASE (£934: 2m 74yd) 
(5 runners) 

3 0800 CONSTABLE KBJ.Y Mrs j Barrow 61612 

10 006 CANTORIAL RAnnytage 5-169 — 

11 DM DOUBOUGES Cole 5-169 A Carrol 

12 036 ECHO BEACH Denys Sntti 61M C Grate 

15 3-B3 RAMBtMGWKDP Harris 6169 fl Strange 

44 Rambfim WU. 64 Echo Beach, 61 Cantorial, 
161 Dovtetdge. &nstahle KaJy. 

1 .30 FARffflON SELLING HURDLE (£814: 2m) (13) 

1 600 BOHFWE AO) P Hedger 611-5- HRhteds 

2 600' ABJAD R Woadhoase >11-1 — D Dutton 


7 <008 SILENT SHADOW A Backmora 611-1 — IkSBoKate 

8 2-21 FUUWtQ PEARL (DJSSwwra 61 1-0. R Strange 


13 6 2F NABEHWOey 4-166 DtanOayM 

14 P1AFFSKV B McMahon 4-16B TM 

15 06 SEVB9T MANOR W Mora 4'108 WHonM 

: R Pen ny 

14 06 mVBtBDE WWIHI'k aKtowaterTi 611 H "kbS 
re *n paw Smith 4- 1 6H-- p acti wS 

rS ° 2K£2E^ JB “ 4 - 1IW1 AUMM 


. _ 64 CounseSera GkL 6-2 Paris Mm* 4.1 n 

61 Cousro Caihban 61 Tyna 

HANDICAP CHASE (£1.601: ^74yd) J^ M0R,AL 

2 -U?1 AST ALICK M H Eastarb* 7.11 jq , 

3 12-0 ALDBO (CO) W OeTm^lTfl i-.LlB'S:- 

9 3423 - C Grant 

2^4q^ CKTON HAr ®* CAP {£1.802: 


4 416 JAMES MY 


17 406 SYMBIOTIC DWrrfe 4-168 
20 00 AMTA’S APPLE PFalgele 4-163 
23 060 

. AOnroR 

. a am smu«^Wiy4^-i6ii ■ * TOW »W2 


M Dktdrnon 6163_ J Barlow 

24 OPOP WREtAL (B) W Charles 4-10-3 — K Brake 

4-5 Raming Psari, 62 Bonfire, 61 Syrnfrooc. 12-1 Nabeeh, 
Ptafteky. 161 others. . 

2.0 DENTON HANDICAP CHASE (£1,584: 3m 2f) 





1 si 

31 P06 FAIR CHY FGa»Qfl 6 i 6 n 
7-4 Mr T 

R Bottom 


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5 234* RANDOMLY C J Bel 7-1613 — — M Dwyer 

8 1F/F DAY OF WlSi^ W A Staphenscxt 1610-0— K Jonas - 

9 F63 NBETEBN SMJJMG8 Denys Smfih 7-160_.. C Grant 

Evens Owwit Garden, 10636 Royscript, 4*1 Randomly, 
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Course specialists 


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Anderson throws down 
the gauntlet as 
City throw in the towel 

: I'.r- j , t «v ■ 

r. ^rv r > 

By CKve White 


Manchester City 

Like Mike Tyson, Arsenal 
keep bowling them ever. But 
unlike, die newest boxing 
sensation who is movin g ir- 
refutably towards un con tested 
supremacy. Arsenal's claims 
to their title remain very much 
disputed - as usual by their 
own manager and, more 
surprisingly, by Manchester 
Gty, their tenth and latest 
victims in 13 unbeaten 

.Gty, third from bottom of 
the table are, of course, in no 
position to criticize ArsenaL 
They left Highbury in as 
battered a state as Henry 
Cooperxlid 20 yearn ago after a 
similarly forlorn attempt to 
hah the progress of youth. At 
least Cooper had more jus* 
tification. in daiming “he 
never hurt me” after his defeat 
against Gay, than Gty against 
ArsenaL . 

“If Arsenal are top of the 
League we've got no worries 
about relegation,” was the 
non-sequitnr offered by 
Jimmy Frizzell, the Manches- 
ter Gty manager. Someone 
had better inform him that 
relegation is invariably de- 
tided by What happens at the 
bottom rather than the top of 
the division. 

His more pertinent observa- 
tion that “Arsenal play to their 
strengths by putting the ball 

into the air where they’ve got 
height” still managed to sound 
like a criticism. He might just 
as weB have said that Tyson 
plays to his strength bywhack- 

FrizzeU remarked frostily. Is 
again refusing to recognize 
their championship potential, 
George Graham, the most 
significantly reluctant Arsenal 

mg me bell out of his .oppo- admirer, ax least conceded tha 
wot. ^ every available his team were “super*' for 20 
° p £S!l u ^ ty ' .. . minutes in the second half “If 

Frizzell would have been 
nearer the mark if he had 
protested that the two sides 
were unfairly matched since 
Manchester Gty looked like 
Budgets stuck to sandpaper 
whenever the spidery Ander- 
son started climbing over 
them or when the 6ft din 
Quinn merely stood his 

we had got into top gear we 
would have won more 
comfortably," be said. 

Where credit was most due 
but generally unforth coming 
was to the remarkable Arsenal 
defence, which was again the 
match-saver and not for the 
first time, the match- winner. 
Their mean record of six goals 

omn-j ah .■ ' _ — , — i nor mean ictura or six roois 

cone ^ 

callv TOI Sr uiarches sounds to me like the 

® f°°P *° right sort of foundations on 

get his third in three games. 

Considering how com- 
prehensively the City defence 
were outdistanced, the criti- 
cism by Dements, their long- 
suffering defender, was 
unseemly: “They’re like Wat- 
ford the way they belt the ball 
up to the giant and then 
compete for ft. They don't 
squeeze yon like Liverpool 
do." McNab, who was fortu- 
nate to stay around long 
enough for a close-up study of 
the opposition given his fre- 
quent indiscretions, was simi- 
larly stingy with his praise. 

But no one received more 
brickbats than Suc kling, the 
Gty goalkeeper, for not 
dominating his six-yard box in 
the land of the giants. “Some 
might excuse him because of 
the wind but I wouldn’t,” 

right sort of foundations on 
which to base a championship 

Anderson, with ins third 
goal in his last four matches, 
bid down the gauntlet to his 
forwards while Adams’s 
fourth goal of the. season came 
in the midst of another su- 
perbly stubborn defensive dis- 
play against a Manchester Gty 
side who, for all their carping, 
looked far too good to go 

Defence is Arsenal's real 
strength and one should not 
forget that as in boxing the 
secret is not to get hit 

On opposite paths: Hayes (right), of the League leaders. Arsenal, beats McCarthy and McNab of tiurd-froro-bo&om City 

Delighting ethical senses 

By Simon Jones 

JWde V Anderson. K 
D Rocastlft^Ctolls, N cSmfJufc'p 

jwjJjSSjfesnEH CTTY: H T a ' Sucktog; J 
Ortman. C Wlaon, K Clements. M 


Nottingham Forest ........ 3 

Wimbledon — 2 

Tottenham top of the class 

No matter how much wc 
yearn for justice to be done in 
sport, it is rarely so. As in life, 
the wrong-doer is often penal- 
ized haphazardly and hardly 
ever does the punishment fit the 

By Nicholas Harimg 

Oxford United 2 

Tottenham Hotspur 4 

uttlewoods Cup tie they win be 
without Claesen. who pulled a 

The talk beforehand, the Ox- 
ford chairman Robert 
Maxwell's talk that is after 
winning his libel action against 
Private Eye , was of infected 
organs. Afterwards the dis- 
cussion ranged round all mat- 
ters infectious, which in the 
circumstances could only mean 
positive things — like goals, 
good football and behaviour. 

still bristling with the type of 
form that has brought turn 14 
goals in 16 first division pmwt 
Allen mUtM of not min ding 

who scores as long as the team is 
winning, but be is scoring so 
often that be must be deriving 
grudging satisfaction. Coupled 
with the feet that Waddle col- 
lected the last two goals after 
beginning the match so abys- 
mally, Tottenham finished with 
something to spare. 

Not even the refere e, Ken The only man not to fin6 ) or 
Cooper, or the pitch were spared ' in his case to maintain, a sewing 

the praise of David Pleal, who 
could afford to be generous, his 
team having ended Oxford’s 
previously unbeaten record at 
The Manor. 

following an intricate move, 
equalized in the fourteenth 

When Houghton inexplicably 
headed a Hoddle cross straight 
at Allen 11 minima later, the 
man who can do no wrong 
promptly- volleyed Tottenham 
into a lead. 

Oxford's resolve had all but 
been broken by Clemen ce when 
Waddle scored his side's third. 
Although Briggs gave Oxford 
the scent of a point when he 
palled one back, h was from 
deep, desperate defence that 
AxdUes, with an exquisite pass, 
sent Waddle away for the final 
flattering flourish. 

OXFORD UNTTEDt S HartnJcfc; D Lariam. 
N Starter. L Ruftps (sUx W Wtrtahursy. G 

From one seat of learning: 
Tottenham go in the hope of 
further educating another. Cam- 

habit seemed to be Aldridge, in flattering flourish, 
the week his name had been oxford UMiHfc&HanMctoDLarira 
linked with Liverpool. NSWt8T.LR^(sUrWWWahurstJ.G 

He still helped create the first d (m«Sy 's J 

goal, forcing Cfemeuce into an Tottenham hotspur: r oemerwc p 
incomplete save before T 5P r *S*- j 5P%3l5. g S!S!!'S 

^erajlhy gave Oxford a third- 

With the score at 2-2, dough 
went past Gayle as nimbly as a 
man stepping over a drunk in a 
doorway. Then, as the Forest 
forward advanced on goal he 
suffered a disgracefully late 
tackle by the Wimbledon centre 
half. Surprisingly, the referee 
(who bad replaced the limping 

\ S Reck. K Brock. 

Aten. M Thomas. J Pototon, R Gough, G 
Mabbutt, C Allen, N Classen (su& D 

minute lead against his old dub. natemK cooper. 

Howe has to 
Saudi offer 

— Advertisement with flaws 

By David Powell 

West Ham United 1 

Aston Villa ■, 1 

“It was a great advert few 
football,” Billy McNtifl, the 
Aston Villa manager, suggested. 
Bui good advertisements need 
to convince the buyer that the 
product is sound, so Villa and 
West Ham had better get back to 
the studios. The people who 
made this one left the flaws 
exposed: two goals of apparent 
quality were the consequence of 
appalling mistakes. 

West Ham went ahead when 
Co tree exercised the dose con- 
trol which complements his 
prolific scoring to dance round 

Offered the chance to play a 
short corner into the space made 
by Dorigo, Norton opted in- 
stead for the direct crass. But it 
dropped short to McAvennie 
and Keown, Elliott and Evans, 
Villa's big three central defend- 
er who had conre up for the trill, 
were left stranded. Ward found 
Cottee with a 40-yard pass into 
the bole left unplugged by 
Dorigo, leaving Norton to pay 
the price of a goal fora ksson in 
corner tactics. 

In a-firsi half of few genome 
chances, VBla threatened only 
when Thompson was fed high 
balls into the box. Tbe raessage 
for West .Ham should have been 

of his 16 matches this season, 
bis contribution off the ball 
remains important. Having said 
that, there were signs on Sat- 
urday that his tally of five goals 
this season is worrying him. The 
sign of a frustrated marksman is 
when he starts to hit speculative 

Villa had the best chance to 
steal a late winner but poor 
Norton's shot was blocked by 
Gale. McNeill was not 
complaining, though. A point 
from Upton Park is always a 
good result, whoever yon are. 
And when you are Aston Villa, 
to take one without a booking or 
a sending off is achievement 

WHT HAH UMTHfc P Parfces; S WUoRi, G 

Don Howe, the England assis- 
tant manager, who recently re- 
jected a permanent co a c h i ng 
post in Saadi Arabia daring a 
brief stmt there, is now in- 
terested in the job. The former 
Arsenal manager has had a 
. change of heart after being 
upset by comments attributed to 
.the chairman of the Football 
Association's international 
committee, Dick Wragg. 

Cottee exercised the dose con- dear by half-time: keep. a tight indeed, 
trol which complements his rein om Thompson and the game west ham UMiakP Partes; swraoRiG 
prolific scoring u> dance rwmd is won. But Thompson was a"***.. 8 !* p A ¥ 

Williams and beat Spink after allowed his freedom and equal- SS™ uawSl Co * t8a - 

nine minutes. But what went ized with a 63rd min ute header. AsrtMVBiA-Nsank.Gwwwm.ADorig9. 

risbtraarc for Before too much is made of 
young Norton. McAvenme rafting to score m 12 mmkaguki. 

ized with a 63rd minute header. 

Before too much is made of 
McAvennie felling to score in 12 

Wragg advised Howe, who is 
wasted by the England manager, 
Bobby Robson as his full-brae 
No 2, to take any Job in the 
offing Howe said: “The _FA 
chairman, Bert MfllMiip , inti- 
mated to me that Bobby should 
hare a full-time assistant and 
that I should he the one I have 
never been offered a foB-tise job 
by the FA but I was offered one 
of tire biggest jobs in football 
and tamed it down, something I 

regret doing now in view of Mr 
Wragg’s remarks.” 

First division 

A n i n d S Menctieiter 

Chariton 1 SoB flwyw 

CtMtoM 1 Newcastle U 

OownOy 2 Non** 

Manchester Utd 1 OPR 

NotthutaanFor 3 Wii ntotodan 

Oxford 2 Tottenham 

SheffMdWM 1 Luton 

Watford 5 Leicester 

West Han 1 Aston VBa 

Second (Sviakm 

Bri ghto n 0 . SMcfctMun 

Defty 2 ShafMdlAd 

HudoBfidMd 1 PfymonSl 

HuB 2 BOMfload 

hmutcb 1 Bnualiy 

OMtaoi 1 CtyatalPai 

Portamoeth 2 Grtmsby 

Stoic* 3 Rtadho 

Tltird dhnsxm 




1810 4 2 26 13 34. 

1 Blackpool 

0 Botfawt M M 

1 SMtadcn 
1 Frihan 

3 Bristol Rowara 

1 Wigan 

2 Port Vain 

3 Notts Countj 
2 Bottoo 

0 Middtosbrauiib 

Arsenal 16 9 4 3 23 8 31 

Nottngham For IB 9 2 5 35 22 29 

West Ham UW 
Luton Town 
Coventry City 
Norwich Oty 
Sheffield Wed 
Oxford United 


16 B 4 4 34-20 20 
lid 16 7 6 3 26.23 O- 
Ifl 7 5 4 24’ 17 a 

16 7 5 4 IP 12 ® 

y 16 7 5 4 16 « ® 

t IB 7 5 4 24 Z3 26 

d IS 5 7 3 29 23 2 

18 7 4 5 19 16 25 

16 6 4 6 30 22 22 

Id 16 5 6 5 17 28 21 

n 16 6 2 B 30 36 20 

16 B I 9 18 2 19 

16 S 3 8 15 20 18 

17 S 4 8 22 33 18 

UU 16 4 S 7 17 IB J7 

16 5 2 9 IB 2B 17 

y 18 4 4 8 18 27 18 

Oty 18 3 6 7 15 M 15 

OUhamAlh 1810 4 2 28 13 34 
Portsmouth 18 9 5 2 20 10 32 
Plymouth Arayta 16 8 6 2 26 18-30 

Derby County 16 9 3 4 21 15 30 

tpswfchTowi 16 7 5 4 26 21 26 

Leeds United 16 7 3 6 20 16 24 

Shcf i Md UU 16 6 6 4 21 18 24 

West Bromwich 16 7 3 6 20 17 » 

HuflCBy 16 7 2 7 17 23 23 

Sundarfand 16 5 7 4 21 22 22 

Grbnsby Town 15 5 6 4 16 15 21 

MM 16 6 2 6 18 18 20 

BrnrinohamCay 16 5 5 8 23 24 20 

RmdtoQ 16 5 4 7 25 25 19 

16 6 1 9 20 30 19 

Bradford Ctty 15 5 3 7 22 24 18 

Stawsturynti 16 5 3 B 15 20 16 

- *- 16 5 2 0 16 19 17 

Brighton 16 4 5 7 15 19 17 
HutktarefiaMTn 16 4 3 9 16 27 15 


LeicesterCity K 4 4 8 18 V l| 

Mancht wCtty IB 3 6 7 15 20 15 

ChMssa 18 3 6 7 17 28 « 

Newcastle Utd « 3 5 B 15 » » 

aas ,R -isii-i»8a 

B n w dw ttt h 2 Chasteritald 0 

Brantford 1 Blackpooi 1 

Bristol City 0 Rothartam 1 

Any 1 SwtodM 2 

Canal* 1 Rflha m 3 

Ckaatar 3 Bristol Rorara 1 

Dariinotoa 1 Wigan 0 

Oenceata- 2 Port Vale 1 

GOfcwhm 3 Notts CotMy 1 

Ma nsf ield 2 Boffin 2 

Newport 0 Mjddtosfaramb 1 

Vo* 1 WMsal 5 

MUdtesbrough 1710 5 2 30 14 35 

GHJnghem 1610 4 2 22 10 34 

Botanemouth 1610 3 3 25 17 33 

Bteckpool 16 8 5 3 30 16 29 

Notts Coisihr 17 8 4 5 29 20 28 

SwindonTowi 16 8 4 4 27 22 28 

Doncaster Rvrs. 17 8. 3 6 26 21 27 

MansfiaWTown 15 5 9 1 16 13 24 

Bristol CKy -15 6 5 4 23 12 23 

WiganAtti ' 17 7 1 9 27 30 22 

VorkCJty 17 6 4 7 22 31 22 

ChastertaM - 17 8 3 8 25 33 21 

BnstolRoms <6 S 5 6 20 23 20 

Rjtiam -17 5 5 7 23 29 20 

WabaB . 16 5 4 7 31 32 19 
BrenHotd 16 B 4 7 20 24 19 

CariWeUtd . 17 5 4 8 T7 25 19 

- Newport County 15 4 5 8 23 25 17 

Bolton Wandra 17 4 5 8 23 26 17 


Aidanhot 2 Rocbdalo 1 

Borates 3 Lincoln 1 

Cambridge 1 Msbom^i 1 

Northatepton ExeiarCtty P 
Praann " 2 Southend 0 

Stockport z CardtfT 0 

Swansea 1 Haritapool 0 

Torquay . 1 Hereford 1 

tianmnm 3 Crewe 2 

Wotwrtamp&M 0 W re xha m 3 


Northampton 1613 2 1 42 22 41 

Swansea Gar 17 10 4 3 29 16 34 

SouthendUtri 16 9 3 4 29 16 30 

Preston W-End 16 8 3 5 24 21 27 

14 7 5 2 30 16 26 

Colchester Utd 17 7 5 5 29 26 26 

ExatarGty 16 5 9 2 20 11 24 

17 7 3 7 27 24 24 

Uncotetity . . 
Tranmara Rvrs 

17 6 6 5 20 24 24 
17 6 5 6 24 24 23 

Wohrarhampton 17 7 2 8 18 20 23 
Scunthorpe Utd 16 6 4 6 27 24 22 

Hereford Utd 
Crewe Alex 



17 311 4 17 23 17 

GW-VauxhaB Conference 
Attrinchan 4 Kettering 

Bath 1 EnftaM _ 

Bosto n 1 Weymouth 

Cbettmtom 4 Gnt e ahand 

Frick ley 0 Sssrissr® 

Wlteoy 0: Dertferd 5, Fo fce stone ft 

RedSch liOteyiSJJaa; f 
DuAm 1. MSdbncf dwiwW BAStDn 1. 
Gloucester 2; Bridgnorth 3. 
WMBnaborouBh c Forest Green 2, 
.HSSSonTMto Oak B,,VS Huflby ft 

Rushdenl.MtoorGre anAiSt gurhr^eD. 



aTErth end Beteedere 1. Woodford 1; 
Paotol, DowrSj ThaDet2. Wafartoovie 

Dteflmton .15 4 4 7 18.24 16 
Ho t twhamutd 17 4 310 14 27 15 


■ PreBter dtetatotc Abingdon Utd 0. 's’Wnp 

Sports 1; Bicaster S. AWngdon Town S 
VAUXHALL OPEL LEAGUE: Prandar tfl- Ferrtord 1, Wtetiage 3: Morris Motors 2 

Hartlepool Utd 


17 6 4 7 19 25 22 

td 17 5 6 6 18 21 21 

17 4 8 5 29 25 20 

16 6 2 B 18 24 20 

Utd 16 4 7 5 25 28 19 

16 4 7 5 15 21 19 

c#i 17 4 6 7 20 22 18 

m 17 S 3 9 20 26 18 

Utd 17 3 7 7 19 ZB 16 

15 2 7 6 12 19 13 

d 17 2 7 6 18 31 13 

16 2 311 9 32 9 

FA TROPHY: ThM qualifying rant 

Portsmouth 1; Rrwctog 2. Chateea ft 
Tottartham 1, ipsirich Z P est poaKt 
Southampton v We* Ham. 

Mateo: BteltopAStortford 1, Wycombe 4; 
Bognor 3, Bremtoy 2; Hendon 2. 
Krigatonian ft Walthamstow 0, Yeori 4: 
Woihlng ft. Hews ft PM AriMore 
BaaBdon 4. Hnchfay 2: ftssom nd Ernst 
3. TBbury 2: He ipwi 1, Bracknell ft 
Lowes f. KJngetwy ft Southwtek ft 
LsytoostotH/Nortl ft S teve na ge 4, 
mmm-f 2; Uxbridge 2. W afiT and 

uxiora uty. aecona mm nortec 
Berim i, Herdord ft Cheshem 1, Avstey 
1; Cotter Row ft Ttemel Hemamad ft 
Ltictiwortti 3, Vauxtufl Motors ft 
RaWtam Z Bertham sta d ft- Trtng 0. 

ShsrpnessftPogasite Juniors XMynera 
Lane ft Shortwood 8. Hounslow 1; 

WBJBnntDcd 1; Yata 4, PenhU ft 
vtstoce Borons HR 1. Shoraham ft 
CMchS5ter i Paacehavan 1; **¥« wtte 
Heath 5, MWhurst 1; Horsham YMCA 1, 
Arundel 5; HaBsham 1. Utiehampton ft 
Lancffig 1. PortSeid ft WWttiiawJtJ ft 
Eastbourne Town 1; Wick ft Three 

SS^A^^aCortrahtenCa^ ’JSSE* 

man: Bristol Manor Farm 1, Barnstaple 
■ ‘ — \Uslisan1ftCtandownft 

ft south gate 5. Bnaconsneu T. Beckton 
g IrtSaSn ft Crown md-.tianor 4. 

head Unted ft Maittiyr 
and Eton ft Fnreham 2. 

1, Windsor 

Basingstoke 1. Wsslon-supyWj 
Wokinpham 1. Dorchester ft EHJeSJ** \ 
Sattasn 3r. WMtev Bav 3. Goote 2 

Bedhngton TeniaraU Croc* i Banwq s 
Croydon 1: King's Lyrei T, Nwmji T. 

flhyl 3: Hadnesford 1. MorasmMj. 
Contea 1. Leek Z Barrow i Norm 
ShAkte ft Whitby 1, Souffiport 1: 
Bptetaw ft South Liverpool 
— ’ HHcNn v Carahahorc Stas« v 

dhaaton mb Esatbouma Unttad 0, 1, kfefcsh&m 1; 

HaraWd ft Eflham 2, Carnberiw 1; ft ftZtoTft 

£ta^"ft' banson1. Northwood 0: ^ t ? K * aiaa Armle 7. Chard 1; Torrin^an Z j 

^^0. YSKflra 2; HedhS1 1 . Hanwefl 1 . ? 2.P™*PO"«l:C3BWdon vhfintiffiad 

awSSoFF Bua LEAPt fe Ards 4. KSoSSre' V MSSClLCtaSSw h COMBINED C0UM7ES LEfKffi: Coo- 
Newry 3; Carrid: ft .prusa dws 4; c court Trophy: Sasand rant Cobhsm 3, 

SS^l.tomeliDIsfomitow wjg®® 5, Mersttamft Cove 5. Virgmu Water ft 

iTGtewen ft Colaralna 1: Oaritoren 3, “SJS; 0- watponari Sotilai v Fa ^RowreftCi«bhaiTi l:Parnham& 

— * Hcrenam. MaWeenVateftGodalming&Cr»ileyft 

»» nnn.m Mtidan Town a Hafttey Wlntnay 4: 

MEME GTOUP UNITED COUNTIES Westitid 2, Ash LftJ 4. Pteitiar dhfenoo: 


Orient 3, Ipswich ft QucenTs rtrt Rang- 



Bury 1. Hfcaon ft Great Yst mouto 3, 
Newnartet 1; Loweetojt y March ft 
Sohsm 2. Gortcsion 1; ?. 

wtmion £ Tbatfort 1, & 1; yyteoech h 
stnwmvket £ POttwMd: Cticheswv 

MILTVART LEAGUE: Bango r. &*?_ ?■ 
Oawoy ft Burton 5. «"«*».« i 
Woriom p ft Caernarfon 3. HoreHti* » 

LEAGUE Pianler tSnateK AnsthR 0. 
Braddey 4: BnJdocfc 1. Stamford ft 
Bpuma ft Northampton Spencer 3: 

h 1. Aitetey 1; Potion 1. 
ft RothweA 3. St Neofa ft 
_ r — _ -ccbdrougb 4; StottoW ft S 
and L Wftiy ft Wootton 4, Eynesbury 3. 
Laegn* Crape Hmfcen Ath 1, Rounds ft 
Hoffimch 0, Kempeton ft 

BAe (Wmjratae) 0. Hortay 3; Frtmlay 
Green i. cbpmcl i. 

Frit Anton: Eastegton 3. Brandon ft 
Gretna 1, South Bank ft Hartlepoai ft 
Spennyrnoor ft PetBrlee ft Chester Le 



ARTHURIAN LEAGUE: Premter dbrtslonr 
Oto Cpanusnns 2, CM Matvetniara ft Old 
Etonians 3. Cno afentwooos ft Lanctng 
OB5, 0tdChWweBter»4. , 

LEAGUE: nm dhdstan: Accranton Stan- 
ley 1, Wlnstord I; Cfeneroe 1. Beeiwood 
ft Condeton ft Radcfifte 0: Eastwood 
Hanley ft Leytand Motors ft- Gtoasro 0. 
Burscoughft Warn fl, Curzon Ashton ft 
Postponed Roesendato y St Hetens- 

POOLS CHECK,;:'; l "i : k ' 

Mr Tyldsley after half-time), 
chose only to book Gayle and 
Forest received poor compensa- 
tion with the 2 ward of a free kick 
a couple of yards outside the 
penalty area. 

-.For their Allen, with a sidefooted effort, ™ occasions, foothafl 

- ig an intricate raov£ can delight the etlnral sense and 
3 in the fourteenth so it was al ike Oty Ground. For 
almost an hour Wimbledon had 

i Houghton inexplicably sniggled bravely to contain the 

a HoddletOTfflSght ** but ’,^f lh ■^2 fea ? ne 

» 11 minmes later, rtte frequency as they tinai, they 
ho can do no wrong mossed the border that lies 
ly. volleyed Tottenham enthusiasm and wilfol 

Enter the balding Met god, an 
unlikely figure as an avenging 
angel. Coolly, he sized up the 
defensive wall like a tailor 
measuring for a suit and then 
threaded (he ball into the net off 
the crossbar. 

Earlier on, a victory for Forest 
had looked unlikely. An extraor- 
.dicarily seif-confident Wimble- 
don had taken the lead within 90 
seconds. Walker missing his 
tackle cn Wise and Fairwecther 
scoring easily. Generally, 
Forest’s defence did not inspire 
confidence and this aspect of 
their play must improve if they 
are to maintain their champion- 
ship challenge. 

debut — and Clough equalized 
from the penalty spot 

From then on, Carr had the 
crowd willing the ball towards 
him and the efforts of the 
ungainly Wimerburo to catch 
him looked like someone trying 
to swat a fly with a shovel. Soon 
the whole Forest team were 
buzzing and, on the half hour. 
Milis finished a brilliant move 
with a few cross which was 
turned into his own net by 

Remarkably, though. 
Wimbledon began the second 
half as they had the first, their 
substitute. Hodges, hitting the 
bar with a left-foot volley 
Maradona would have been 
proud of and then following up 
to equalize. Then came 
Metgod's moment and. for the 
first time, Wimbledon looked 
thoroughly deflated. 

Calls for 
to resign 

As an attacking force, how- 
ever. they have few equals. After 
20 minutes a bewildering drib- 
ble by Carr ended with a precise 
cross which Jones handled — 
thus making an unfortunate 

BuKenworto, B Watems, D Wakar. J 
MetgexL I Bowyar. F Carr, N Webb. N 
dough. G Birues, G MBs. 

WWBLEDOtt: D Beasant; J Kay, N 
Winterixm, V Jonas, B Gayle. A Thom, A 
Clemen: (sub: G Hodges). D Wise. J 
Fasftami. W Downes. C Faawaatoer. 
Referee PTytC&tey (sutr D Wragg). 

Crashing the gears 

By Simon O'Hagan 

Sheffield Wednesday ... 1 
Luton Town 0 

As an exercise in demonstrat- 
ing the strength in depth of the 
first division this match was a 
huge disappointment — lacking 
in imagination, blighted by 
Wednesday's offside trap, won 
by a scrappy goal and played in a 
spirit of tetchiness which even- 
tually spilled over into violence. 

Both sides are among the top 
nine dubs in the table but the 
idea that either might win the 
championship must have 
seemed faintly ridiculous to any 
impartial observers at 
Hillsborough on Saturday. 

At their best Wednesday are 
an exhilarating team, capable of 
combining relentless pace with 
impressive understanding. Alas, 
all we had here were the lurches 
of a driver who keeps crashing 
Lhe gears. In the absence of 
Chamberlain, an omission 
which clearly does not go down 
very well with the Wednesday 

supporters, their attack looked 
predictable and ponderous and 
the standard of 1 their crossing 
was appalling. 

Mentally and physically, Lu- 
ton were by far the nimbler side. 

but although Brian Stein missed 
two good first half chances, they 
never really supported the front 
two of Mark Stein and Newell, 
who in any case were repeatedly 
caught offside. Eventually 
Wednesday wore Luton down, 
scoring the decisive goal in the 
73rd minute when Chapman 
headed down Marwood's cross 
and Megson bundled the bafl in. 

By that time everybody was 
pretty fed up. on the field and off 
it,, and in the space of three 
minutes just before the end a 
series of nasty exchanges re- 
sulted in bookings for Foster, of 
Luton, and Chapman and Hart, 
of Wednesday. 

Sterfand. N W orthi n gton. P Hart, L 
Madden, S Jonseon. B Manwood. G 
Megson, L Chapman, □ Hret (site: G 
SnodoiL G Shelton. 

LUTON TOWN: L Seeley; T Breacfcer, R 
Johnson. P Ntcnolas, S Foster, M 

North are 

Dohagtw, D McDonough, 6 Stein, M 
Newell, M Slain, A Grants (sub: R Wilson}. 

Referee: I Hendrick. 

Scottish premier tSvation 

Aberdeen 1 Rangera 

CsHc 4 FcMra 

Clydebank 2 Motheratefl 

Scottish first cSvfsfon 

Dundee UM 

Hamilton 1 Si Muren 1 

Hants 3 Dantes 1 

Celtic 1915 3 1 44 11 33 

Dundee Utd 2012 5 3 34 15 29 

Hearts 2011 6 3 30 16 28 

Rangers 1911 3 5 32 14 28 

Aberdeen 19 9 6 4 32 16 24 

Dundee 20 9 3 8 25 21 21 

St Muter 20 6 8 6 18 18 20 

Motherwel 20 4 8 8 22 33 16 

FanOriC 20 4 610 18 30 14 

Hfceman 20 4 511 18 39 13 

Clydebank 20 4 214 14 43 10 

HamSton 19 0 316 11 42 3 

Eton Manor 1; Sawbridgeworth 0. Font 0. 
PeaipuRaifcCenvey inland vMaWon: East 
Thurrock v East Ham; Sterretod v 



East Fite 
Queen at Sth 






Queen at S3i 





Brechin City 

3 Qwfenn&ne 0 

0 Parte* 1 

0 KBctamock 0 

0 Dumbarton 0 

0 Forfar 0 

1 Kortrose 0 


21 12 3 6 35 24 27 
2111 5 5 30 20 27 
2t 710 4 35 31 24 
21 9 5 7 39 28 23 

21 9 4 8 28 26 22 

21 7 B 6 31 31 22 

21 7 7 7 33 33 21 

21 8 8 7 28 29 20 

21 7 5 9 29 26 19 

21 411 6 22 26 19 
21 7 311 23 37 17 
21 3 513 18 38 11 

Scottish second division 

Cup: Secenri rouneb Woodterd 2, PurSeoi 


Premier dntoien: Boston 0, Snobncton 
Town 1: BnabrtonTrirnty 1. Berctey VW 



Efftf Self Boo 




0 StJchnstons 

1 ASoa 

0 Berwick 

9 lien, L ...i 

til BCByO l WIin K 

0 Arbrostb 
4 C oute etteenlb 

2 Queen’s Park 


Eastwood 1, 
met Coltoiton 
_ Eaton ft Emtey a North Ferrtoy 0, 
Betoer ft Sutton Town 1. Arrmhoipe 

Brighttng s ea Utd ft Heybridge S//fts 5; 
Hornctunteft Bartangskte 1; VAvanhoe 0. 

is 3. Bowers Ut 

potted: Ctapton v Saffian Walden; Pen- 
nant v Harlow. 

pte ffitinc ty rocra t BlNnghani Svntooia 
1 . Ryhopa CA 2 Replay: Coundori 3, Esh 
Winning 4. 

FA COUNTY YOUTH CUP: Saeond mind: 
B e c Ho rt b lWB ft Cambridgeshire ft Nor- 
te* 1. HerttonfcWB 1 (sSl 

Raith Hovers 
Afloa Athletic 
StWng AC) 

Aaaon Rovers 
Avr United 
Snt Johnstone 
Queen's Park 
East Stiffing 

16 S 7 1 37 20 23 

1810 2 4 26 21 22 
18 9 3 4 26 12 21 

16 B S 3 20 10 21 
IS 9 2 5 27 24 20 

15 B 4 4 23 22 20 

16 5 7 4 25 24 17 

16 5 6 S 23 17 IS 
16 4 6 6 22 25 14 

16 6 2 8 20 25 14 
16 3 4 9 IS 24 10 

15 4 21D IB 32 10 

16 2 5 9 19 30 9 

16 1 510 11 28 7 


Shepshed 1. Faraham 0 

Independent Schools North 
beat Independent Schools South 
4-1 yesterday in blustery con- 
ditions at Wolverhampton 
Grammar School. After early 
sparring it was the hard-working 
Allen who had the North's first 
shot at goal. He. Willetts and 
McNamara combined well 
throughout the game. 

McNamara, having made two 
good opportunities, deserved 
the chance to score from a loose 
ball and made no mistake about 
it to put the North one up after 
20 minutes. 

In the quarter of an hour 
before half-time the South 
looked threatening and Lee 
made ground to head against the 
Northern bar. Douglas- Pennant 
equalized from the rebound. 

In the second half the North- 
ern forwards, now supported by 
Griffiths in midfield and with 
the wind in their favour, looked 
more dangerous. After five min- 
utes, Round cashed in on a 
defensive error to make it 2-1 
and IS minutes later scored 
again with a header from a 

Just befoi# the final whistle 
McNamara scored the goal of 
the match. Willetts made a fine 
run down the left coolly pulled 
the ball back with an excellent 
cross giving McNamara the 
time to choose his spot, and 
make the final score 4-1. 


SQUAD: R Crawsltsw Mirima e 
(WBS). S Rocnd (Botton I 

Poupon cruises towards victory 

■nJ (WGSJ.5 


Owen (Botton 
Anderson M 
(QEGS). S 


on brink of 

From Bany Wood 
New York 

On a weekend when four of 
London's seven first division 
sides were beaten, Chelsea’s 5-1 
home defeat by the bottom club, 
Newcastle United, was the most 
painful. The patience of 
Chelsea’s supporters, as they see 
their team languishing near the 
foot of the table, is wearing thin 
and the main target of their 
criticism is the manager, John 

This latest setback led to calls 
for his resignation and a 9-2 win 
by Chelsea’s reserves at Reading 
increased the pressure on 
Hollins to make more first team 

Saturday's match began 
brightly enough for Chelsea with 
Dune, recalled to the ride, 
giving them the lead. However, 
the picture changed dramati- 
cally when Thomas scored twice 
for Newcastle and then a goal by 
Beardsley removed all doubts 
about the result. 

Qaeda's Park Rangera' 1-0 
reverse at Ok! Trafford was not 
unexpected as Manchester 
United were anxious to gain 
their first win under Alex Fer- 
guson. That anxiety probably 
accounted for several missed 
chances and United bad to be 
content with a Sivebaek goal 
from a free kick. 

Charlton Athletic’s slide 
continued when Southampton 
beat them 3-1 at Selhurat Park. 
With Southampton 2-1 ahead. 
Chariton's goalkeeper, Johns, 
was sent off 11 minutes from the 
end for fouling Wallace. 
Southampton took advantage of 
Chariton's weakened state to 
increase their lead through Case. 

There were 35 goals in 
Saturday's first division pro- 
gramme and six of them were at 
Vicarage Road where Watford 
destroyed Leicester City 5-1. 
Watford had five marksmen in 
Rostron, Barnes, Falco, Calla- 
ghan and Jacket! (penalty). 
Smith made a late reply for 

New York 

Martina Navratilova had her 

crown knocked askew by Pam 
Shrivcr in the semi-finals of the 
Virginia Slims championships 
here but managed to squeeze 
through 6-2, 4-6, 6-4 to reach a 
best -oP-five sets final against 
Steffi Graf. 

“1 thought it was over," the 
world No 1 said. "The way Pam 
was serving *1 said, well this may 
be it' but I'd as soon lose to her if 
I had to lose to anyone. But I 
still wasn't ready to throw the 
towel in." 

That fighting spirit enabled 
her to pull out her victory in the 
temh game of the third set by 
breaking Miss Shriver's service. 
Until then the match could have 
swung either way as Miss Shri- 
vcr, playing with a new-found 
confidence, matched Miss 
Navratilova in many areas. 

Both served superbly, re- 
lumed deeply and displayed 
great aerobatic skills. In the first 
set. however, it appeared that 
the gap that has been narrowing 
between Miss Navratilova and 
her friend and doubles partner 
was once again in danger of 
becoming a chasm. But from the 
second set Miss Sh river re- 
captured her battling qualities 
and by the third set bad Miss 
Navratilova seriously con- 

“There’s not much between 
us now," Miss Shriver said. 
“The last two times we've 
played it's been 6-4 in the third 
and I could have won both 

Miss Graf regained much of 
the form that was missing earlier 
in the week as she turned aside 
the challenge of Helena Sukova 
7-6, 3-6, 6-1. 

• J immy Connors, the top seed, 
fell to Scou Davis 6-2, 6-2 in the 
quarter-finals of the $279,000 
Houston men's tournament and 
lost all possibility of qualifying 
for next month's Masters tour- 
nament in New York. Needing 
wins in the quarter-final and 
semi-final to pass Andres Go- 
mez of Ecuador in the grand 
prix points standings and move 
into contention for the eighth 
and final Masters berth, Con- 
nors was broken twice in each 
set and squandered five break 
points against Davis's service in 
the first set. 

Us and them 

Angela Barrett, the first Brit- 
ish player to win a Wimbledon 
singles championship, after the 
second World War, had a bad 
line decision in The Times on 
Saturday. Expressing interest in 
a suggestion that the United 
States Wightman Cup team 
should be restricted to players 

boro in today's equivalent of the 
original 13 British colonies. Mis 
Barrett said that this “would 
give us ah outside chance of 
winning occasionally." Between 
the written and printed versions 
the word “us" was somehow 
transformed into “the US", thus 
reversing her meaning. The 
printed version implied wishful 
thinking by some patriotic Brit- 
ish imp engaged in the tricky 
process of newspaper produc- 
tion. Mrs Barrett’s actual com- 
ment was more practical 





By Peter Aykroyd 
Bulgaria captured the main 
honours at the Errey’s rhythmic 
gymnastic international at 
Wembley Conference Centre on 
Saturday when Bianca Panova, 
the joint European champion, 
and Adriana Dtmavaska, her 
outstanding colleague, took first 
and second places with almost 
effortless technical ability. 

Miss Panova's versatility was 
balanced by her harmony and 
flowing grace as a dancer and 
she made full use of varying 
musical accompaniment on all 
four pieces. Her ball and ribbon 
routines at 9.95 each scored the 
top marks of the day. the latter 
executed to a jungle-drum beat 
Jacqueline Leavy, the British 
No 2, shared fifth position with 
Michada Jmperatori, of Italy. 
Miss Leavy's spirited ribbon 
exercise earned her a worth- 
while 9.60. 


Women press 
strong claims 

. j' ; 

Philippe Poupon. the French 
skipper of the British-designed 
trimaran. Flenry M ichor; VIII, 
looked set to win the Route du 
Rhum single-handed trans- 
atlantic race, last night, with a 
day to spare over the second 
placed catamaran Ericsson, 
sailed by compatriot Bruno 

Peyron (Barry Pickthall writes). 

Poupon was speeding along at 
over 14 knots, only 173 miles 
from the Guadeloupe finish 
line. Peyron trailed Poupon by 
400 miles but was a further 170 
miles astern of third placed Ca- 
nadian Mike Birch sailing TaG 

(Shrews&wy). D 

independent SCHOOLS south Championship in the United 

sumanurs g™—* 

SR&iQflKJSU Sswsssp 

Women's weightlifting took 
off in spectacular fashion at 
Crystal Palace at the weekend 
when a keenly-contested, 
inaugural.British Women's 
Championship provided 1 the 
selectors with a dunce to see the 
leading lifters in the country in 
action (Chris Thau writes). 

At the end of the tournament 
the 12-strong Great Brilain 
squad for the next year’s World 
Championship in the United 
States was announced. 

RESULTS; 48fcftM Huohes. 1tSkg;S2kff 
M Fortoath. 

G Robert* (OE Guernsey), C Jo 

Hafarae: P Evans (Wolverh am pto n) . 

J Oakes. 1 

Iron maidens, page 15 


10 th- 14 th DECEfvBER 1 S 86 


01-373 3216 


---• . •• • --tv-t --tfia't.tjr ■jfei 




Ingland without defence after 
sinking into the old routine 

From John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent, Newcastle, New Sooth Wales 

It has noi taken England 
long to sink back into the gully 
from which they emerged to 
win the first Test match. New 
South Wales beat them here 
yesterday by eight wickets, 
with a day and a half to spare, 
after bowling them out in their 
second innings for 82 — the 
lowest total made by an 
English side in Australia since 
the tour of 1936-37. 

England had been suf- 
ficiently outplayed since Sat- 
urday morning to feel some 
relief that they will not be 
lacing the same opposition, 
particularly the New South 

Wales bowlers, in the second 
Test match starting in Perth 
on Friday. 

There was no comparison 
between the way Whitney and 
Gilbert bowled in England’s 
second innings on Saturday 
and how England bowled 
yestCTday. or for that matter 
with how Australia bowled in 
Brisbane. The Australian side 
for Friday is due to be 
announced this afternoon, 
and it can and should be 

Gatling said that after a Test 
match leading players could 
find it difficult to become 
motivated. The captain was 
not playing himself, and be 
can hardly nave expected to. 
convince anyone in his de- 
fence of those who were. 
Anyway. Athey. Broad. Slack, 
Whitaker. Foster. French and 
Small had everything to play 
for. It was not a good pitch, 
but it was no worse for one 
side than the other and noth- 
ing like bad enough to account 
for the way England were 
skittled out in their second 

Slack took slightly more 
dislodging, 37 for seven was a 
laughable score. As in die first 
innings. Whitaker played a 
firm stroke or two before 
getting out caught at slip . He 
looked to be committing him- 
self to the front foot when 
baiting in Australia is more of 
a back-foot game. 

Botham seemed prepared to 
do until, driving wishfully at 
the pitch of the ball, he was 
bowled by Gilbert. 

TTie best partnership of the 
innings was the last in which 
Edmonds and Small took the 
score from 53 for nine to 82. It 
is hardly an exaggeration to 
say that Small looked the best 
batsman of the side. Even he. 

ENGLAND Xh First (nrangs 1S7 
Second Innngs 

BC Broad IbwbGftert 0 

C W J Attwy Dmi b Whitney 0 

W N Sack b Gftert 18 

J J Whitaker c Waugh b Whitney § 

01 Gower c Hofiand b Wbttney 0 

IT Botham bGflbwt 6 

tfi N French Swr b Whitney 0 

■JEErniwaycDyerbVWMney 6 

P H Edmonds not out 17 

N A Foster D Holland 0 

G C Small Bw b GBbart 14 

Extras (lb 101 nbS) J5 

Total 82 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-0. 2-0. 3-22. 4-22. 
5-24. 6-25. 7-37, 0-53. 9-57. 10-02. 

BOWLING: Gilbert 14.4-3-2&4; WhttnM 
174-39-5: Lawson 4-3-24): Hofland 2-1-5* 

NEW SOUTH WALES- Rrst tmngs 
SMSmaflc Edmonds bEmburey 8 

+G C Dyer b Edmonds . 
G F Lawson c French b 

M A Taylor st French b&ntxray 4 

R G Holland c French b Edmonds — 36 

-DMWelham Dm b Foster 18 

MDONeiUb Foster 0 

G R J Matthews b Emburey 25 

S R Waugh c French b Smafl 47 

tC C Dyer b Edmonds 4 

G F Lawson c French b SmaB 26 

D R Gilbert not out 10 

M R Whitney c French b Foster 1 

Extras (B> 1, nb 1) - 2 

Total 181 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-12. 2-15. 343, 4- 
43. 5-86. 6-110. 7-118. 8-165. 9-170. 10- 

BOWLING: Smafi 17-7-23-2; Foster 15.4- 

6- 30-3: Emburey 29-9-65-3; Edmonds 31- 
13-55-2: Botham 2-0-7-0. 

Second Innings 

S M Smafl c Edmonds b Foster 9 

M A Taylor c Slack b Edmonds 31 

*0 M WaMham not out 29 

M D O'Neill not out 13 

Extras fb 12. to 3. nb 2) .17 

Total(2 wkte) 99 

FALL Of WICKETS: 1-23. 2-57. 
BOWLING Botham 3-1-7-0; Foster 13.1- 

7- 24-1 : Smafl 1-0-6-0; Emburey 15-7-16-0; 
Edmonds 16-432-1. 

Umpires: R French and A Marshal. 


Their opening batsmen. 
Broad and Athey, were both 
leg before without a run on the 
board to balls well pitched up 
to (hem that swung. Although 

Gower pulled his second 
ball, which was ma rginall y 
short, hard but straight to 
mid-on. It would have helped 
had he knuckled down, which 

Imran’s ambitions recede as 
Pakistan drop their catches 


Imran Khan's burning am- 
bition to win the third Test 
match litre with West Indies, 
and with it ihcseries. in what is 
his last home i csl receded here 
on Saturday. Pakistan dropped 
crucial catches and he himself 
was plagued with a stomach 

Only it hours remain and 
with the pitch unexpectedly 
becoming easier, the teams 
spent yesterday's rest day con- 
scious that a draw has become 
the most probable result. The 
series stands at 1-1. 

Once the sides level-pegged 
on first innings. Pakistan's 
hopes rested on taking control 
when West Indies went in again 
half an hour before lea. 

Grecnidge went cheaply but 
Haynes and Richardson en- 
sured nothing further untoward 
happened. West Indies resume 
today 85 runs ahead with nine 
wickets in hand, with two days 

Imran, who has been ap- 
pointed captain for the forth- 
coming one-day tournaments in 
Sharjah and Perth, and also for 
the tour to India in January, had 
the strength to bowi only three 
overs. After that he turned to his 
spinners, whose close catchers 
let them down. It was disci- 
plined. effective batting by West 
indies and a sad period of play 
for Pakistan. 

Cricket can be a maddening 
game and it was Ramiz Raja 
who ran the full gamut of fate’s 
ironies. His sheet anchor 62 
(two fours), spread through 97 
overs and 408 minutes, ensured 
that Pakistan avoided any first 
innings deficit, even if he was 
not entirely blameless in the 

From Richard Street on, Karachi 

• unfortunate run-out of Miandad the 

l on Friday. Thi 

He also, perhaps should have thai 
’ tried to score foster in the and 
; dosing stages. He reached his mai 
L fifty, die statisticians will want will 
to know, in 31 7 minutes, second eno 
1 only in the record books to ■ eno 
Trevor Bailey's 357 minutes at out 
1 Brisbane in 1958-59. seei 

l When West Indies balled, E 
5 though, it was Ramiz who na? 

* dropped Green idge at deep ™ 
' square leg from Imran's second °* 1 
' ball and later he shook! have 

held Haynes at short leg off 
1 Qadir. The leg-spinner was also as 
5 the bowler when Mudassar Q 3 * 
1 dropped Richardson at slip. 


1 Qadir did bowl Grecnidge ^ 
with a top spinner, as the 
1 batsman tried to cut what he 
: thought was a leg-break. Had Hkh 
1 Grecnidge gone in the first over, 

: however, the pressure on West cg 
1 Indies would have been 
5 enormous. e 

Qadir. with his fractured left t 
- hand still bandaged, failed to get fali 

the same turn as he did on 
Thursday and there is no doubt 
that the pitch is playing slower 
and lower than earlier in the 
match. Whether West Indies 
will be able to score quickly 
enough today to gave themselves 
enough time to bowl Pakistan 
out a second time remains to be 

Earlier Qadir, batting one- 
handed, swatted eight runs as 
Pakistan got to within one run 
of the West Indies total. Butts 
mostly bowled one end while 
Richards used pace at tire other, 
as the innings ran its course. 
Qadir will not play in Sharjah 
next week in order to make 
certain be recovers fully for the 

rest of Pakistan 's heavy pro- 
gramme in the coming weeks. 

WESTMDESc Rrtt tarings 240 (I V A 
Richards 70; Abdifl Qatflr 4 lor 107). 
Second brings 

C G GraenMge b AMul Qadir 8 

DL Haynes not out 46 

RB Richardson not out — 21 

Extras (b 5, & 2, nb 2} 9 

Total (1 wkt) 84 


BOWUNG: Imran 3-0-11-0; SaSmJaWr 3- 
O-I&ft Qacfir 12-323-1; Tauseet 10-7-29- 
0: ASK 332-0. 

PAWSTAHk first brings 

Mudassar Nazar b Gray 16 

Mohw Khan cRkriadsb Marshal _ 1 

Ramiz Raja c Harper b Butts 62 

Jawed Miandad run out 76 

*tmran Khan Kw b Butts 1 

Asif Mritaba c Dujon b Marshal 12 

Qasbn Omar c Ricftartfson b Butts — 5 

ISalm Yousuf cWMBhb ButK 22 

Tausasf Ahmad c R i chardson b Gray - 3 

Saflm Jaftar b Gray 9 

Abdul Qadir not out 8 

Extras (b 9, ft 12. nb 2. wl) 24 

Total 239 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-19. 2-29, 3-140, 4- 
145,5-172, 6-178, 7-21 5, 8-21 8, 9-222, ID- 

Imran: stomach upset 

Umpires: P □ Reporter and V K 


vU f-w-y-A 


The whole thing smacked of 

It is no disgrace to lose to 
New South Wales — this was, 
in feci, the thirteenth time it 
has happened since the two 
sides first played ll-a-side 
matches in 1877. 

though, was hit a painful Wow 
on the foot, which prevented 

on the foot, which prevented 
him from bowling more than 
one over when New South 
Wales went in, at 11.10, to 
make 99 to win. 

It was announced before 
play started that if the match 
was over by 2.30 the sides 
would play a limited-overs 
game of 25 overs each. Eng- 
land were known not to be 
keen about this, their reason 
being the somewhat spurious, 
one that the pitch would 
further have undermined their 
batsmen's confidence. 

But with New South Wales 
taking 20.1 overs of the after- 
noon to score the remaining 
36 runs they needed, as though 
they, too, would rather call it a 
day, and England in no hurry 
to bowl their overs, it was 10 
minutes past the deadline 
when WeHham made the win- 
ning hit. 

Whereas Whitney and Gil- 
bert had bowled straight, fairly 
fast and to a good length, 
Foster was altogether more 
erratic. Emburey, leading the 
side for the first time in a first- 
class match, was also some 
way below his best, as was 
French behind the stumps. 
Emburey seemed intent on 
bowling flat, thinking the 
pitch too slow for him to 
throw the ball up, and when he 
strayed down the log side 
French was ill at ease. The 12 
byes which the wicketkeeper 
allowed were all off Emburey. 

Illingworth and Dexter, New 
South Wales declared at 532 
for six — Norman O’Neill, 
whose son saw the state side 
home yesterday, scoring a 
brilliant 243. That, too, was 
depressing, but it was not 

While amazed at the way 
the touring side buckled, 
Australians point to Brisbane 
and say that England are never 
more dangerous than when 
they have seemed in disarray. 
We, for our part, know better 
than that The batting is 
nothing if not vulnerable, and 
it is no help at all that no one 
played a worthwhile innings 
on this visit to Newcastle. 

In the most perfect weather 
(a complete contrast to last 
Friday and Saturday), 
England’s defeat was received 
with a curious indifference by 
a good crowd They had been 
absorbed during the anticipa- 
tion of it, yet they greeted it 
quietly when it came, except 
for a handful who gave Eng- 
land the bird. Had the main 
surfing carnival of the Austra- 
lian year not been in progress 
just down the road, to provide 
alternative and more 
spectacular entertainment, 
more might have been upset 
than were at being denied a 
knockabout game. 

Bowler is 

for recall 

Sydney (Reuter) — The 
Queensland fast bowler, Craig 
McDermott, omitted . from 
Australia's side for the first Test 
mitfh against F "C bni <i pressed 
bis claims for a recall when he 
took six for 89 against Victoria 
on the third day of their Shef- 
field Shield match at 
Wangaratta yesterday. 

McDermott, the spearhead of 
the Australian attack in Eng- 
land last year, has been plagued 
since by problems with his rm»- 
np and did not take a wicket in 
either of the two Tests he played 
in India in die recent sales. But 
he looked to be back in form as 
Victoria stamped to 334 all out 
in reply In QneenshuBf s fast 
innings of 523. 

Jamie Sddons hit his second 
century in Shield matches with 
an unbeaten 108 but his efforts 
were not enough to avoid the 
follow-on. At the dose, Victoria 
were 33 far no wicket in their 
second innings. 

In Devoaport, a fighting 68 
not ost by Glenn Hughes en- 
abled Tasmania to straggle to 
124 for three in their second 
uuungsagainst Western Austra- 
lia. Tbe home side need a further 
42 to make Western Australia 
bat again today. 

• Bloemfontein (Reuter) — Al- 
vin Kallichanan held up Kim 
Hughes's rebel Australian 
cricketers with a magnificent 
century for Orange Free State 
yesterday. After the Australians 
declared at 412 for nine. 
Kallichanan, a rebel himself 
once when he made two tours of 
South Africa with the unofficial 
West Indians, came in at 23 for 
two and finished on 101 not out. 
SCORES: AunraBai XI 41 2 lor 9 dec (K-L 

100, J. Dyson 79, T.V. Kahns 50 
not out). Orange Free State 188 for 3 (AJ. 
KaSdremn 101 not out). 

The last time was in 1962- 
63 when MCC lost by an 
innings after making 348 on 
the first day and Benaud took 
seven for 18 in their second 
inning s. Against an attack of 
Trueman, Statbam, Allen, 


?; Whr i? • If 

S"- '!»' " 

♦f- . , . 9- .***■ 

•' r H 


A glimmer of hope rises up 
from the cinders of defeat 

By Keith Macklra 

Great Britain 15 

Australia 24 

The pride of Lions was re- 
stored at Wigan on Saturday, 
and it took a questionable 
penalty try award by the French 
referee, Julien Rascagneres, to 
let Australia off tbe hook in this 
gripping third international, 
sponsored by Whitbread 

At 12-12 Great Britain were 
tearing into the Australians, and 
the ecstatic Central Park crowd 
could see visions of a famous 
and totally unexpected victory 
wiping out the wretched mem- 
ories of tbe first two inter- 
nationals. Then Wigan's after- 
match -g g nin g , Wally Lewis, the 
inspiring Australian captain, got 
Shearer away on the right. He 
kicked over the head ofLydon, 
and the British wing player 
brought him down with a tackle. 
Immediately Rascagneres 
pointed to the post andawanfed. 
the penaltytry. 

Television and videotape ev- 
idence, aids which a referee does 
not have readily to han d, in- 
dicated that Shearer’s kick 
might have gone dead, or could 
have been covered by Goodway, 
but the uy was awarded and 
O’Connor’s goal gave the 
Australians an 18-12 lead and 
breathing space. 

Nevertheless the magnificent 
British fighters lifted their game 
to hitherto unseen hei ght*, ■ and 
pulled bade to 15-18 with a 
penalty from . Lydon and 
dropped goal from Schofield. It 
was Lewis who provided tbe 
touch ofgmius to sink Britain’s 
brave effort. He broke on the 
right, dummied to Kenny and 
Shearer, and as the defence 
moved across cut inside to the 
post for O’Connor to add an- 
other easy goal. 

Britain mlvaged honour and 
self-respect, and never have 1 
seen a crowd leave a ground 
apparently happy in defeat. 
They knew that they had wit- 
nessed a brave and skilf ul 
performance by Great Britain, 
and that the two tries scored by 
Schofield crowned moves which 
equalled anything the Kan- 
garoos produced throughout the 
tour. Schofield, the gundog of 
British rugby, has an uncanny 
knack of being in the right place 
at the right time, and he has 
touched down in each of the 
three internationals. 

There seemed little chance of 
a British revival when Australia 
swept into a 12-0 lead. Dowling 
slipped Miles through a huge 
gap within two minutes. Then a 
brilliant exchange saw the ball 
move swiftly through five pairs 
of hands before Lindner ran 
through another wide gap. 
O'Connor kicked both goals. 

In the remaining 15 minutes 

before half-time. Great Britain 
gathered themselves to scare a 
superb try mid pound the 
Australian line. Gregory and 
Pinner, who both bad outstand- 
ing games, seat Myler up the 
midcue and he drew Jack to send 
in Schofield, GDI adding the 

Eariy in the second half Great 
Britain produced another sharp 
move which ended in Schofield 
backing up Crooks and Stgthen- 
son to dive over, Lydon kicking 

a magnificent tou ch tin e goaL 
Central Park erupted with the 
noise, hut then came the one! 
ruling by Rascagneres. and 
Britain's courageous battle had 
been in vain. Y« perhaps it was 
not, for British Rugby League at 
dub, amateur, youth and 
schoolboy level must have re- 
gained confidence after this 
rousing match. 

After the gime Lewis stated 
for Wfgan at a reputed £2.000 a 
match, and will make his first 
appearance lor Wigan against 
Warrington on New Year’s Day. 
SCORERS: QmtMteta: Triw: SctofeU 

0. Goals GB. Lydon. P ra ppad gaafe 
SdhaflaU. AuMteTifaK MH^.Un&Nr. 

Shearer, Lawte; Goals O'Connor (4J. 

SctoWdL 0 SJephenjon. J Basnett A 
Myler. A Gregwy; K Wart. D WSikiraoo. 
captain. L Crooks, C Burton (sub: I Potts}, 
AGooOray.M Ffcner. 

: GJedcD Shearer. BKanoy. 
G MBaa, M acomor. W Lavds (canQ, P 
Storing: G Dowflng. R Simmons, PDonn 
(sub: SDawdam), B NtaMteg, M Meninga. 
R Undrwr. 

Rafaras J Raacapteras (France) 

St Helens triumph tarnished 

Some of the gloss was taken 
off the crushing St Helens 50-10 
victory over HuD, their 24th 
consecutive league win. with the 
departure from the field of Mark 
EUa, the New Zealand centre, 
with a recurrence of his ham- 
string injury yesterday (Keith 
Macki in writes). The Saints 
must now be seriously consider 
cancelling Elia's contract and 
asking him to return home. 

Half-back NeU Holding was 
the outstanding player in the 
nine-try romp, scoring two tries 
hims elf and having a hand in 
most of the others. 

Warrington and Wigan kept 
in touch with St Helens at the 
top of tbe first division table 
with hard-earned wins against 
Halifax and Barrow. Paul 

Bishop, another lively halfback, 
inspired Warrington's 18-12 win 
over Halifax, creating tries lor 
Meadows and Forster and Idck- 

iD Bra 0 lfo^ l8 NortherB were 
beaten at home by Oldham, 
despite a try from Terry Holmes 
which put Northern in front. 
The second row forward Mick 
Worral was the key man in 
Oldham's fight back, scoring a 
fine try and kicking three goals 
in Oldham's late flourish. 

Salford made ft two wins in a 
row by surprising Whines at The 
Willows. Their star player was 
Terry O'Shea, who scored two 
tries before halftime and added 
goasl for both tries. 

mg last week at the hands of 
Warrington. They were beaten 
20-8 by Leigh, who have them- 
selves been struggling. 

In tbe second division 
Honslet won the battle of tbe 
top teams against Swratnu, 
while Blackpool Borough, York, 
Runcorn HighfieM and Don- 
caster all kept up their chal- 
lenges with victories. 


row 8, Wigan 16c Bradford Northern 10. 
OMham 18: Ftetharstone Rowers 16. 
CasUaford 18; Hi* Kingston Rows 22. 


Warrington is. Haifa HL 
SECttfo DMSJQtfc Blackpool 20. 
Kunrtet 14; Bramfa is, Fulham 10: 
Dranfcuy 16. WMMumn 24; Doncaster 
30. Crete Z Hunalet 12, Swirton 4; 
Rochdale terms 28. Kntahtoy 8; Sfaf- 
ftokfl Eagles 24. EteflsyT WMdroton 
■ Town 4, York 6. 

Leeds slumped to.yet another 
defeat after their home thrash- 



Partington batters the 
fragile Army defence 

By Sydney Frisltia 


Worcestershire romped into 
the quarter-finals of the County 
Championship yesterday with a 
resounding victory over the 
Army on the superb artificial 
turf pitch at the Fox Hollies 
Leisure Centre, Birmingham. 

In their next - match, 
Worcestershire will play 
Staffordshire, who defeated 
them 2-0 in the Midlands final 
last week, and among the 
Staffordshire spies yesterday 
was Imran Sherwani. their best 
forward and a member of the 
England World Cup team. 

Ken Partington, apart from 
scoring three goals, had a hand 

in the other three, taking every 
advantage of the open spaces. 
The Array were reasonably 
sharp in attack, with Gordon 
and Jolly prominent, hot were 
unstable in defence: 

By half-time, the Army were 
in foil retreat Worcestershire 
having scored five goals. Knott's 
conversion ofa penalty stroke in 
the ninth minute was followed 
10 minutes later by a goal from 
Partington and further goals by 
Mallett. McPhun and 
Partington again put Worcester- 
shire in a strong position. 

After the interval, the Army 

power behind it to beat Taylor 
in goaL But three miming? before 
the end, Gordon . scored a 
consolation goal by converting a 
short comer. 


OR A Scopam 

• Tbe prcfiminaiy round match 
between Somerset and F rcsm 
was postponed yesterday be- 
cause the ground was unplay- 
able. It will be played next 
Su nday. 

or Esse x v 

i W | , 

McKenzie boot 

Promoters Gary Davidson 
and Frank Warren pair the 
British lighi-wefterweight cham- 
pion Tony McKenzie and tin 
former worid light-welterweight 
champion Bruce Curry of the 
USA oyer 10 rounds at the 
Latch mere Centre, Battersea on 
Saturday, November 29. 

mg in Peach for . . 
they still could not prevent 
Partington from scoring his 
third goal, and Worcestershire’s 

The Array that launched a 
counter-offensive which 
brought them three short- cor- 
ners. Jennings missed a penalty 
stroke, not putting enough 

Surveyor in office 

Richard Collins, a chartered 
surveyor, has been ■ appointed 
vtce-eftairman of Chariton Ath- 
letic Football Chib. Qaiing a 
director since 1981, was in- 
strumental in bringing together 
the Sunky consortium which 
saved the club from extinction 





McGregor j 

By Roy Moor 

The outstanding 

year-old Mark Fbstcrdw««^ 

^Stead's Yorkshire Banktrak 

at Leicester left nobodym doojji 

be is B rhain ’ s J*flSrS! 
prospect since the former 
record holder, ^ 

must be 

remonsirie for the youi^ffs 

pttwresTin the sport wiH oot- 


which have brought fom«> 

much displeasure n? 

mternauonai r. 

not only reduced the 
jp-nkw 50 metres short course 
record to 2Z88sec but followed 
op another notable victory 

Simon Cope battles through the mri and rain of the London cyclo-cross championship at 
Crystal Palace yesterday. His efforts were unrewarded: the race was won by Arno van 
Boeygen, of the Netherlands, and the London round of the European ChaOenge was won by 
Brnno Lebras, of France (Photograph: Peter Trievnor) 

hv breaKmg me — 

winning yesterday's 100 metres 

Foster has crane under 
training care of Southend s Coa- 
ch of the Year, Mike Higgs, ^ who 
says: “The world could be 
FbstePs oyster. AH he needs is 

A plea must go out for Higgs 

to be given the fidlest back u p at 
official level to help 
achieve his truly exceptional 
potentiaL He is too brilliant a 
swimmer to be allowed to drift. 

I ■ • :l : 


are the 
key factor 

By Iim MdJUKhlan 

The return of their ca p ta in 
Rich ar ds on proved a 

major factor m Edinte# 
A*— dinflfraig * 13-9 win over 
Selkirk. Ri cha r dso n was in the 
riiirit of tiie action through out^ 
game in which bis forwards 
dominated in both scrummage 

For the third week in a row 
.Gala, have humiliating 

defeat. This week Kelso beat 
them by 39-3. The Gala team 
could not cope with Kelso’s 
forward strength and conceded 
tries by Jefrey (2), Wright (2), 
Paxton and Robeson. Ker con- 
verted three and kicked three 
tMmaftie<L Gala’s points came 
from a penalty by Dods. 

Hawick experienced more 
t w u si a n ee than anticipated and 
they beat Ayr by 23-3. 

The sterling efforts of tbe 
Glasgow Acad e micals forwards 
were rewarded with a narrow 4- 
3 win over visitors their. 
StewaiTs/MetfSe FP- The 
libme side scored a try through 
McGregor and Simon Scott 
kicked a penalty for 

Bonmg him rir slumped once 
again to a 13-3 home defeat at 

tlte hands of Struggling Mefrose. 
Tbe Jed-Forest centre, Hogg, 
kicked three penalties as his side 
hung on for a 9-9 draw with 
West of Scotiand. For the 
Glasgow side Robertson scored 
a try which Barrett converted.. 
Barrett also added penalty. 

Watsmusns and Kknofs FP k 

ca iliteln IQ_lO tit Mvriocirlp v 

also drew 19-19 at Myreside 
thanks to a penalty try awarded 
to the home side with two 
minutes of play remaining. 

A moment to 
from Brown 

By George Ace 





Ian Brown, the Ulster stand- 
off half has kicked many a vital 
point during the northern 
province's three-year domi- 
nance of Irish rugby. But his dm 
dropped goal as the game at * 
Raven hill was entering the sixth 
minute of stoppage-time will 
assure him of special mention 
whenever this battle on a wind- 
swept and bitterly cold after- 
noon is recalled. Ulster won by 
two tries, a penalty and a 
dropped goal to three penalties 
and a dropped goaL 
Ward, wbo took over the 
pi votal role when Dean went off 
with an ankle injury after only 
five minutes, was responsible 
for all of Leinster’s points. A 
Brown penalty was Ulster’s only 
reward against the wind bat cries 

by Duncan and Crossan after 
the break set the scene for a nail- 

the break set the scene for a nail- 
biting finish. 

gOOHE M:- Utm er: Triwe Duncan. 

rmr Rrrmm tt n wm l mah 

Holmes back 

Tf* firmer Republic of Ire- 
land international footballer 
to been re- 
•*. *« manager of the 
GM VauxhaD Conference side 
Boroih. The former 
Spirs defender 
52™ £ Ub after *2 months in 
“J* 1 *’ 11 *! reasons”. 


il? l 



Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 


• EvBFWdndftilofils obligation to 

5 ! 

/ ni 

under the opening titles, John 
Mortimer's Paradise Ptatpoisd 
returns its air of sadness right up to 
• the last shot of the concluding 
episode tonight (ITV, 9.00pmX 
Personally, I don’t regret the fact 
that, during die whole of its run, 
we could count on the fingers of 
one .hand the number of' those 
characteristically dry-humoured 
fines we. have come to expect of 
Mortimer. It is unfair to expect 
him to be in Rumpofe moodah 
the time. And, anyway, how can 
intimations of Lear be totally " 
avoided when you have Michael 
Hordern in the cast? I was, I 
admit, -surprised to-Ieam in the 
final instalment of Pamdise Post- 
poned the contents of the letter 
that brought that look of astonish- 
ment to Fred Simcox’s face last 
Monday night, and the tune on the 

Kpn Cttotax AIL 

6-30 Haws headlines foHowed by 
The Ffintetorm. Cartoon 
genes. M 6^5 Weather. 

740 Breakfast Time wfth Frank 
Bough, Safly Magnusson and 
. Jeremy Paxman. National and 
International news at 7.00, 

130, 840, 840 and 840; 

regional news and traffic 
reports at 7.15, 745 and &15; * 
weather at 7-ffi, 745 and 825. 
Plus, afi this week, Bernard 
FhK discusses the treatment.' 
of his heart problem with 
cardiologist Kim Foac. 

840 Watchdog. Lyrm Fatrids Wood 
and John Stapleton introduce 
the first of a now consumer 
affairs programme 845 
Rational news and weather 
940 News update and 


945 Day to Day. Robert KBroy-Sflc 
and a studio audience discuss 
a topical subject The fire! of a 
new series 945 One InJFour. 
teobei Ward's magazine 

in Paradise: all is revealed 

d 7S ipm record that is discov- tonight as describing this “New gam little comfo 

old 78 ipm record that is discov- 
ered, gathering dust, in the dead 
rector's attic alongside the bust of 
Kan Man. 

• Abo ending tonight is Robert 
McCrmn’s documentary series 
The Story of . Engfiidt (BBC2, 
8.05pm), which seems to have 
■ confiiuoded everybody by fairing 
an essentially radio subject - the 
evolution and transmogrification 
of a language — and turning into 
stimulating television. The teg 
surprise in tonight’s final film is 
. the way that, fee from being just a 
lifeline to the outride worid or the 
lingua franca of the streets, pidgin 
English, In dian En glish a nd the 
creoles of the Caribbean are. 
becoming both an important lit- ' 
erary medium in the commies 
that use them and a revitalizing 
influe n ce, on standard F-n gtish 
-itself. Anthony B ur gess is quoted' 

• Like it or not, you know exactly 
where you stand when a film 
begins with the information: “One 
in every . three women wet 
themselves.” If you have no desire 
to know about the high incidence 
of incontinence in this country 
and what is being done to. reduce 
it, then this week’s edition of 
Nurses (BBC2, 10.00pm) is not 
going to be your cup of tea. Others 
will be intrigued to learn that there 
are 103 advisers in tins country 
offering various lands of relief to 
those who, in die words of one 
sufferer interviewed tonight, have 
had to fkce the 3-D nightmare of 
distress, demoralization and 
degradation. Male suffe r er s win 

gain little comfort from the news 
that one device that will help them 
spend a penny without discomfort 
Costs one pound a tone. 

• Radio choice: There is a repeat 
broadcast of Frederick Lonsdale's 
highly polished comedy On Ap- 
proval {Radio 4, 3.00pm), with 
Dukae Gray, MRdiael Denison JiD 
Bennett and Francis Matthews in 
the cast. Radio 3 offer? as hour of 
superior jazz per forme d fay Bar- 
bara Thompson and the band she 
calls Paraphernalia (10.00pm). 
Classical music highlights include 
Garrick Ohlssoa playing the Bar- 
tok Piano Cemcerto No 5, with the 
BBC Welsh Symphony Orchestra 
(Radio 3, 12.20pm), and the 
Vienna Philharmonic under 
Haitink playing Brocker's Sym- 
phony No 4 in New Records 
(Radio 3, 2.45pm) 

Peter Davalle 

J HI Bennett in the coodndiitg episode of Paradise Postponed ( on 1'!% 9.00) 

PWBp Schofield with news of 
children's television 
programmes, and birthday 

designs to spectacles; and 
Anousta Hampel displays her 


.280 TheOnedta Una. Mr Baines to 
shanghaied and James sets off 
- to pursuit of h» mate, (i) 320 
Valerie. D ome stic comedy 
series from the United States 

250 Pie to the Sky. For the young 
4.10 Wizblt with Paid Dantes 
4-20 The Mysterious Cities of 
Gold. Animated adventure 
serial 445 Jomy Briggs. 

Drama serial about a young 
man living with his paremsTn 
the north-east of England. 

445 John Craven’s Newsround 
545 Bfarn Petes. Mark Cuny 
returns from Malawi with 
important news for Sight 
Savers. (Geetax) 5-35 
Masterteam. Quiz game for 
teams, presented by Angela 

840 News with Sue Lawfey and 
Nicholas WHchBlL Weather. 

645 Reporting London. 

740 Wogan. The guests are 

Anthony Burgess, Dr Anthony 
Clare, and Gwen Taylor. Music ; 


SchooLft 1050 Henry's Cat (r) 
Ul55 Rvb to Eleven. Catherine 
Grifler with a thought for the 
day 1140 Going to Pot with 
Susan Hampshire and Geoff 
Hamilton. frWCeefax) 11 40 
Open Air. The viewers’ chance 
to comment on television 
programme quatty. 

1220 Ch am pions h ip Snooker. 

Highlights of yesterday's third 
round matches in the Tennants 

1255 R^^S'nwremd nS ^ 

140 One O'clock News wife 
Martyrr Lewis. Weather. 

125 Neighbours. Weekday soap 
settee Melbourne suburb. 

140 Bri o a D mc. A See-Saw 
- programme torihe v«/y young. 

(r) 200 TheCtottte* SbDw; A ; 
new cottection of Kangoltaate 

programme of the series 
concentrates on one species - 
Man. David Attenborough 
traces man's origins beck 
three miHort years, (r) (Ceefax) 
840 Bnieh Strokes. Comedy series 
about an amorous painter and 
decorator. Starring Kart 
Howman. Last to toe aeries. 

940 Nmra vinth Ji4a Somervflle and 
John Humphry®. Regional 
news and weather. - 
940 Panorama: The New 

FaBdands Factor. Gavin Hewitt 
reports from the Fatidands and 
Argentina ori the reaction to 
• -Brnato's imposition of a new 

fisfatog flmttation zone. Sr 
Geoffrey Howe, President Raul 
Alfonsin, and this Governor of 
the FaJktands, Gordon Jewkes, ' 
are interviewed. 

10-10 C hamp ion tari p Snooker . The 
— •" Tennants Untied Kingdom ; • 

— Chanjpkxiship introduced by 
DavtoVtoe from the Quad Hatt, 

->■ -/Preston. 

845 The Lords Thto Week. A repeal 
of yesterday's progra m me of 
highlights of the week's 
debates In the House of Lords. 
948 Deytkae on Iteoc teamwork to 
careens 1040 For four- and 
five-year olds 10.15 Music: 
rhythms 1048 Farming to 
Scotland 1140 Some 
O xfor d shire schootehadren 
learn About the Netheriands' 
Stoteridaas Day 1122 Options 
In the third year. 

1145 How befiefs affect everyday 
fife 1248 Working women and 
new technology 1228 Ceefax 
1240 Under-age drinking and 
society’s attitude to alcohol 
145 Woo Live 148 Wdrfdng 
to the construction industry 
200 Words and pkrtures tor 
the v ery yo ung 215 Living In 
the tundra radon. 

235 See Hear. FOr the hard of 

340 Championship Snooker. Tlwd 
round action to the Tennants 
United Kingdom 

Championship. 345 Regional 
news and weather. 

440 Pamela Arm st ron g . The 
guests are spirituafist Doris 
Stokes, and rovato’ 
Music is provided by 

430 C hamp i o n sh ip Snooker. 

Further coverage of the 
. Tennants Unted Kingdom 

5.15 Dkf You Saeu? An abridged 
version of yesterday’s 
programme which included 
comment ortThe Staging 
Detective, Arena's profile of 
Salvador Dai, and New Faces 
of 86. 

640 FAk City of Darimess*(1939) 
starring Sidney Toler, Lynn 
Brt ana Lon Chaney Jr. 

Charfie Chan investigates the 
murder of a Parisian murations 
manufeettgar. Directed by 
Herbert I Leeds. . . 

7.10 The Sorcerer** Appre ntice . An 
■' animated am narrated by . . 

7.35 Open to Question. A studio ’ 
audtence of young people 
; subject Edward Heath to an 
inquisition. r 

845 The Story otBngBsh. This last 
programme of the series 
explores fl» new Engfishes 
wtfch are springing up aTOver 

9:25 Hums new* headlines. 

940 Schootacparttwoofafitoi 
version of (he Christmas story 
947 The bakerand baktog 

compete to the Group C final' 
of the brain and brawn 

Desta art Technology 
conference 1045 What is the 
future for work? 11 47 Matos - 
the number 10' 11-19 Science: 
rivers of rock 1141 

1200 Atet^aN^Sc. Danny the 
Drum, (r) 1210 Let's Pretend 
to the bue of The Sensitive 

D ok oi 


1240 Baby and Co. Dr Nfiriam 
Stoppard examtoes the 
chcMces avafiable to women 
when they give birtti. (r) 

140 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 120 Thames news 
presented by Leonard Parian. 

140 fitoc My Teenage Daughter" 

. (1956) starring /SinaNeagte 
and Sylvia Sims. A mother 
believes her 17-year okt 
daughter's boyfriend is not 
what he ctems to be. Directed 
by Herbert Wilcox. 

345 Thames news hertfines 340 
The Young Doctors. Medical 
drama serial set to a large 

. __ Australian city hospital. 

440 TIcfctaantheTura. VHage 
tales for chfidren 4.10 The 
Tefabugs 440 He-Man art 
Masters of the Untaeree. 
Animated science fiction 
adventures. 445 From the 
Top: Comedy series starring 
BO Oddto as a star-struck ax- 
bonk manager. 

5.15 Bfockbuatara. Bob Hotness 
presents another round of the 
general knowledge gone for 

545 News 640 Thames news wfth 
. Andrew Gardner and John 

845 HeWVivTaytor Gee with news 
of Workout an organisation 
helping the young unempjkjyed. 

6^ Crossroads. Benny is 

Yeoman's Cottage s minder. 

740 The Kiypton Factor. A bidding 
society executive; two 
students; and a fireman 

740 Cwo natt on Sheet Bet Lynch 
has trouble with Alac GBroy. 

840 Exeadfre Stress. Comedy 

Palmer and Penelope Keith as 
a couple working for the same 


maltal status secret 
840 World in Action: The Midas 
Touch. An tovesBp a flon into 
the lucrative 100 year 
association between a London 
company, Conso&dated Gold 
Fields, art South Africa. In the 
past decade atone the 
company has made £575 
mUfian profit from the 
Repubfc's gold mines, but 
critics afiege, the company 
refies heavily on the apartheid 
system, treating its black 
workforce haranty. 

940 Ptoarfise Postponed. The final 
episode and a& is revealed as 
to why Simeon Sim cox left his 
money to Lesfie TTtmuss. (see 
Choice) (Oracle) 

1040 News at Ten art weather - 
Itrifowed by Thames news 

1040 FSra: BorsaSno (1970) starring 
Jean-Paul Belmondo art Alam 
Dekxi. Crime thrlter set on the 
Marseilles waterfront during 
the Thirties. Directed by 
Jacques Deray. 

1255 Night Thoughts. 


6.15 Good Momiito Britain 

presented by Anne Dtenond 
and M9ce Morris. News with 
Gordon Honeycombs at 640, 
742 740, 840, 840 art 940; 
financial news at 645; sport at 
640 art 740; exercises at 
*645; cartoon at 74S; pop . 
music at 745; and Jimmy 
Greaves’ television highlights 
at 845. The After Nine guests 
include Ruia Lertska and chid 
care expert Penelope Leach. 


1 .’ S^rn ■ ' i§p 



230 The Late Late Show. DuMto’s 
music art chat show. 

340 Irish Angto. Weekly Irish 
current affairs programme. 

440 Mavteon4.MavisNlchcdsonto 
conversation with comedy 
anpresskxBSt MHte YarwOOd 
who taBcs frankly about his Rfe 
and his battle with the battle. 

440 Countdown. The reigning 
champion is challenged by 
Tony Durrant, a window 
cleaner from Ecdes. 

540 Grampian Sheepdog Trials. 
The first semifinal of the 
Grampian Television Trophy. 

540 Basketball -Go 4 W Simon 
Reed and Danny Palmer with 
the latest basketball news and 
action frtxn both sides of the 

640 Make Your Own Video. A new 
tour-part series, presented by 
Anna Soubry who plays the 
complete novice vmen it 
comes to hantffing video 
equipment and receives advioe 
from professional cameraman 

640 Write On. Part seven of Ruth 
Htfs series on the lost art of 
letter writing art other writing 


740 Channel 4 Nows with Peter 
Sissons art Mcholas Owen 
includes a report on the South 
African government's efforts to 
setups forum of black 

740 Comment from Sidney Block, 
author art Chairman of the 
Central Councilor Jewish 
Social Services. Weather. 

840 Brookskfe. Pat and Terry 
arrive back from Barbados and 
Tommy McArcfle informs them 
that they must accomp a ny his 
wife on the final leg back to 
Edinburgh; art the Corfchfls 
apply for a loan to ease their 
debt problems. 

840 Chance to a is Tom's 
art Alice's wedding eve and 
everything is not gomg 
smoothly. The best man, the 
bridesmaid, and toe majority of 
wedding gissts are missing. 
(Oracle) • 

940 Levan of the Lake. A 
dra ma t iza tion of a Sean 
O'Faoiato story about a 
married middle-aged woman 
who reaches the crossroads of 
her Rfe after an affair that has 
lasted six years. Starring Mary 
Larkin and Tony Doyle, (n 
1040 A People’s War. Part three of 
the series about the Second 
World War on the home front 
examines how the problems of 
food shortages were 
overcome. (Oracle) 

1140 The Seventh Hour Witness to 
War. An Oscar award-winning 
documentary about Charfie 
Clemens, a Vlet-Nam War US 
Air Force plot who Is now a 
doctor working behind rebel 
fines to B Salvador. Followed 
by And That is Why the State 
to to Blame. A profile of 
MarianeSa Garcia Villa, 

central asaaassu. 

News S45*7 j 00 Central Post 1035 Ehg- 
tand Their England ItOS Protectors IfJS 
Contact 12AMBI JoMndSr UJ5 

land Their England 1US Protectors IfJS 
Contact t2Awni JoMndSr UJ5 


Met by Moonlight S.1S-&45 Sons & 

Daugrtot s ao Channel Report & J0-7JM Con> 
queran Cats KUO Questions 1120 Hunt- 
er IZZOna Closedown. 


film: Hasty Heart &0KM0 North Tonight 
1&30 fibre California Spit IZJOan News, 


1 JO-3.15 Antwerp at the Tune ol RiSwns 
3L2S Granada Reports 3,38-400 Sons and 
Daughters 6J» Granada Reports 630- 
7J0Mejy rnao Double vision 11.15 Sweeny 
12.15am Portrait of a Legend 1240 

Fane Follow a Star SJOT.00 News 1030 
film: Death Cruise 11 JSS Lifestyles 0» the ffich 
and Famous 1220em Closedown. 


big Forweid M0piD-7^OD Wales at Star 
100 wales Means Business 11.15-12.3 Bm 
F lm: Death Cndsa. 

scoT-ngH aaa,... 

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Ffesf pnbtohed to 1785 

Tyson heralds the age of the fighter 

From Sriknmar Sen, Boxing Correspondent, Las Vegas 
Boxing has a new champion m rise above the waves of 

Boxing has a new champion 
and a new face — Mike 
Tv so a, a 20-year-old from 
New York. In destroying 
Trevor Berbick, the Worid 
Boxing Council heavyweight 
champion, in two minutes and 
25 seconds of the second 
round at the Hilton Center 
here on Saturday, be may have 
ushered in the dawning of a 
new age in boxing that could 
herald the end of the 
Muhammed Ali era. 

Since Ali, as Cassius Clay, 
won the world title and re- 
wrote the textbooks 22 years 
ago, the boxer using his size 
dominated the fighter. Now it 
could be the turn of the 
fighter. “2 warn to be like John 
L Sullivan” Tyson said. 
"There’s no-one luce him.” 

Tyson has been acclaimed 
as the youngest heavyweight 
worid champion, breaking 
Floyd Patterson's record of 21 
years. 10 months and 26 days, 
on the strength of lifing die 
WBC title. But, really, he still 
needs to overcome Tim 
Witherspoon, the Worid Box- 
ing Association champion, or 
Tony T ubbs. the two of whom 
meet on December 12. and 
Michael Spinks, the Inter- 
national Boxing Federation 
champion, in the series to 
unity the three titles to be 
accepted as a figure of Ali’s 

He is certainly beading in 
that direction. It would have 
been difficult to find someone 
in the capacity 8.300 crowd 
who would have disputed that 
Tyson is well on his way to the 
undisputed title. If he suc- 
ceeds in beating the other two 
champions, nothing short of 
another supreme Ah will take 
it away from him. As Tyson 
said afterwards: ”1 am the 
youngest worid champion and 
I will be the oldest.” 

When a left hook finally 
sent the 6ft 2Vbin Berbick 
thrashing about the floor in a 
swimming motion as he tried 


Bath to 
check on 

By David Hands 
Rugby Correspondent 

Bath, the John Player Spe- 
cial Cup holders for the last 
three years, wfll discuss with 
David Robson, their assistant 
coach, his visit last week tp 
watch the Australian rugby 
league side training before 
deciding whether to take any 

Their concern arises largely 
from a local newspaper report 
from which, some senior mem- 
bers of the dub suggested, it 
could be inferred that Robson 
was acting as an official dnb 


He was not available over 
the weekend, bat the report 
suggests that he and Tom 
Hudson, director of physical 
education at Bath University 
and, up to last season, a 
member of Bath’s coaching 
panel, went til Leeds to watch 
the Australians prepare for 
Saturday’s final international 
against Great Britain. 

unconsciousness that were try- 
ing to drown him, one had the 
distinct feeling that what 
opposition there remained in 
the rest of the worid was of 
little consequence. For. as 
Tyson's manager, Jim Jacobs, 
saj ri: **From this point he is 
going lo be 40 per cent better 
and that is an ominous spectre 
for the other heavyweights.” 

Tyson, who was having his 
28th contest in 18 months, 
showed a remarkable maturity 
for his 20 years, even to the 
point of calming down Jacobs 
in his trailer before the fight 
with the words “it is only 
natural that you should feel 
nervous before a fight. Jim”. 
He then went into the ring to. 
dominate the contest thor- 
oughly from the first exchange 
of Blows. 

He was attired in his usual 
black trunks and boots and 
was sweating heavily, having 
wanned up in the trailer on 
the heavy pads. "He was 
throwing pineapples out 
there," Jacobs said. Berbick, a 
minister of the Moments of 
Miracles Church, Las Vegas, 
tried to steal Tyson’s thunder 
in the psychological battle by 
also turning up in black and 
with a red cross on his trunks. 
But he looked nervous and 
licked bis lips constantly. The 
storm could not be averted. 

The champion made the 
mistake of carrying the fight to 
Tyson. “I wanted to prove I 
could take his best shots but 
he threw them from very 
strange angles,” Berbick said. 
In those four minutes and 
three seconds of boxing, 
Berbick managed to land only 
13 punches out of the 36 that 
he threw. Tyson, on the other 
hand, threw 106 and landed 

With each punch Tyson 
broke down Berbick’s will to 
box and. by the end of the 
■first Berbick could not even 
remember that be was a more 

the other 

Wfc3e most British jhth- 
aa viewers sat in am of 
Mike Tyson’s twe-remrf 
detraction of IfeTOftrftfck 
yesterday, Frank Brass 
hardly bfinked as- he watched 
boxing history betog savagely 
recorded is the television room 
of fius snmptasns new home m 
Essex. # 

As Tyson, the 2ti-yearoM 
former New York street 

left that made to the yttsn- 
gest world heavyweight cham- 
pion of all time. Bran’s mind 
raved bsekfo the day Tyson 
kissed to ia a New York 
gymiurgm. That’s right. 


■ /A- . .S''' 

Staring defeat in the face: Tyson (right) gives the former champion, Berbick, a dose-up view of Ids ferocious jnmching power 

than capable boxer who had 
gone the distance with Larry 
Holmes, beaten AIL and lifted 
the title from Pinklon 

With a minute to go in the 
first round, two right hands 
stunned Berbick. The cham- 
pion waved Tyson closer. 
Tyson obliged. A right and a 
left sent Berbick starring 
across the ring. There was a 
pained expression on his face; 
almost as if he was about to 
cry like a little boy who had 
had a sweet taken away from 
him by a bully. Berbick's arms 
waved about in the air as if 
they did not belong to him and 
it seemed all over but for the 
bell, which came to his aid. 
Still like a little boy, Berbick 
stuck his tongue out at Tyson. 
That was where the fight was 
won by the challenger. 

In the second round, what 
Jacobs calls the Joe Louis 
Syndrome — a state where a 
fear of Tyson drains away the 
ability of the opponent to 
think and act — took over. 
Tyson capitalized on the situa- 
tion. “I knew then that this 

home as the taller, J amaican- hovering over him. he tried to 
born Canadian, leaned for- - get up. He keeled across the 
ward trying to grapple, ring, got onto his knees, went 
suffering severely at dose over again and finally stood 
quarters and, when just inside up. The lights of Las Vegas 
range, breaking away. A right were spinning. The referee put 
to the head dropped the his arms around him and 



was my night” he said. "He is jumped up at three. A right to 
going to be hurt now, I the body followed and Berbick. 
thought” lurched forward, trying to 

Tyson unleash^ what his hold. Tyson dug into the 
late manager and guardian, kidney with, his right which 
Cus D’Amato, used to call brought Berbick’s hands 
“intuitive power” where every down, missed that deadly 
blow enhances the smooth- upper cut then clipped 
ness and ferocity of the next Berbick’s wrist with the left 
In most boxers, this is found For a moment Berbick 
in spurts; in Tyson, it is there leaned on Tyson, barely 
all the time. No wonder touching. Tyson, seeing he 
Angelo Dundee, who was in was gone, simply moved away 
Berbick's corner, said after- and Berbick toppled, almost 
wards: “I hadn’t realized that in slow motion, to the floor, 
his hands were so fast.” He rolled over and, with die 
Tyson’s short arms struck referee. Mills Lane of Reno, 


Former champion 
forced off the rails 

By Colin McQuflan 

Inter-City virtually adopted working 
Bryan Beeson when he came with c 
from nowhere in 1 984 to reach adventui 
the fust national final under head kil 
their sponsorship. Yesterday form of < 
he showed his continuing filial experiem 
respect for their event by 
dumping the former cham- With 1 
pion, Gawain Briars, out of in the w< 
the third round of the 1986 and eve 
championship 9-5, 9-3, 10-9. Beeson, 

working the furthest corners 
with care and firing 
adventurous drops and over- 
head kills around the lanky 
form of one of Britain’s most 
experienced professionals. 

The Beeson who broke 
through in 1 984 was a talented 
county league player more 
concerned with his engineer- 
ing job at a Gateshead hospital 
than with top squash. In the 
past two years, with sponsor- 
ship- from Inter-City, he has 
benefitted from play on the 
professional circuit. 

On the all-transparent Per- 
spex court specially mounted 
at Bristol’s Temple Meads 
Station, the 26-year old 
Tynesider attacked Briars, the 
third seed, without inhibition. 

to £4,510 

February 1985. 

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Prime Life Managed Fund at its launch in February 1983 has 
increased his investment by November 1986 to £4,510. No 
less than 125.5% increase, net of all charges. Tax-free to 
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holding at any time. 

The value of units can of course go down in the 
same way as they can go up. and past performance is not 
necessarily a guide to the future. At each anniversary since 
its start in February 1985, it has been Britain's most 
successful Insurance Company Managed Fund and 
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If you have £2,000 or more to invest and would like to 
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With Briars, ranked No. 5 
in the worid. leading 7-3, 8-7 
and even 9-8. it seemed 
Beeson, ranked fortieth, 
would fall away from his best 
ever win. He has had match 
point against Gawain before, 
but never managed to beat 

In Tuesday’s quarter-finals 
Beeson will meet Paul Carter, 
who easily outpaced young 
Paul Gregory, the 18-year old 
who in the previous round put 
out the fifth seed. Jamie 
Hickox. Philip Kenyon, the 
defending champion, will 
meet Cerryg Jones of Wales 
who yesterday also upset the 
seedings, beating David Pear- 
son in straight games. 

RESULTS: M me Second round: 0 Peer- 
son MJ Cornish 9-4 8-2, Wk P Gregory 
WJHicknx 4-9, 9-4; P Carter otR 
Stott 9-6. 9-7, 9-3; C Jones trtJ Evans 9- 

going to be hurt now, I 

Tyson unleashed what his 
late manager and guardian., 
Cus D’Amato, used to call 
“intuitive power" where every 
blow enhances the smooth- 
ness and ferocity of the next 
In most boxers, this is found 
in spurts; in Tyson, it is there 
all the time. No wonder 
Angelo Dundee, who was in 
Berbick’s corner, said after- 
wards: “I hadn’t realized that 
his hands were so fast.” 

Tyson’s short arms struck 


Thome put 
to flight 
by Drago 

By a Correspondent 

Tony Drago, Malta's only 
professional and the youngest 
survivor in the .£300,000 
Tennents UK Open at Pres- 
ton, swept impressively to- 
wards the first major quarter- 
final appearance of his career 

Drago, aged 21 in Septem- 
ber and plainly homesick for 
his native Valeria, shook off 
any lingering depression with 
a burst of high break building 
to open a 6-1 first session lead 
in his best of 17 frame third 
round match with Willie 
Thome, the worid No. 7. 

Drago produced successive 
breaks of 30 to open a 2-0 lead 
and although Thome briefly 
found bis touch with a break 
of 67 to take the third frame, 
Drago responded with further 
breaks of 49, 57 and 56 to 
clinch the next three frames 
inside 31 minutes. Drago then 
led 55-1 in the final frame 
before Thorne hit back with a 
48 clearance to the pink and 
force a black ball finish. 
Thome seemed to have the 
safety battle in control as he 
left the black resting tightly 
against the to cushion, but 
Drago scorned any soft option 
hammering a high speed dou- 
ble into a bottom corner 
pocket to snatch the frame. 

Foulds was another young 
professional in top form. He 
compiled a series of big breaks 
to lead 5-2 over White, his 
stablemale and the world No 
5. Foulds sunk a 90 clearance 
in the first frame but fell 
behind 2-1 as White conjured 
up decisive breaks of 39 and 
40. But Foulds then took 

THIRD ROUND: S Daws MD Reynolds. 9- 

81-1.32.80. 102-4. 72-3a 118-0. 84-71L 
79-49. 2IW5. 112-10. 74-43; C Tlrortum 

70-52.39-76 60-19. 96-16. 8048; A " 
loads W Thome 6-1 
98-44; 37-73; 7B-34: 

supported him back lo his 
comer. The crowd rose to 
their feet as one. 

Tyson turned and walked 
towards his jubilant corner. 
Jacobs jumped in. Tyson 
kissed him, “Do you think 
Cus liked that?” he said to 

Afterwards, Tyson said: “I 
think Cus would have been 
telling all those fighters up 
there there’s my man , there'. I 
don’t think much about Cus 
but 1 know he is always with 
me.” And then he added: “I 
was hitting him with murder- 
mis precision. I was out for 

blood. I wanted the tide and 
no way was 1 coining oat 
without it” 

American experts who have 
followed boxing from the great 
days Of the Garden believe 
they have seen one of the 
finest moments in the history 
of the heavyweights and wit- 
nessed the arrival of the new 
saviour of the division. “He 
will continue ina straight line 
taking all comers,” Fertile 
Pacheco said. “Remember. 
Ali fought everybody includ- 
ing your Richard Dunn.” Lou 
Duva, who has a world con- 
tender in TyreU Btgjp, felt that 
the age of the big men could be 
oven Some feared for the 
safety of Michael Spinks, who 
is really a. blown-up light 
heavyweight Others were glad 
that Tubbs and Witherspoon 
would be given a fright 


Wind the only winner but 
Merseyside skills survive 

>r<Ti O 

To: Commercial I mon 
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Please send mu Irue and without obligation, vour leaflet 
about ihi< CL’ Ptnw ini esurient Bond. 

Surname Mr/Mrs/ Miss . 


^ii^a',Vt;4<i';ii»y.niiTiir-nM l 7?aiiviMr 




(| [t|l 




By Stuart Jones 

Football Correspondent 

Everton — 0 

Liverpool 0 

Not even the gods coukl 
diminish the quality of the 
135th Merseyside derby. The 
local gales, void enough to 
transform the mouth of the 
nearby river into a sea of white 
horses and strong enough to 
unnerve all the drivers of 
high-sided vehicles in the area, 
merely refreshed it 

Those who watched it live 
on television yesterday after- 
noon might not have appre- 
ciated that Goodison Part was 
like a wind tunnel. The odd 
balloon, careering across the 
screen like a low flying kite, 
would have offered a clue 
without fully illustrating the 
difficulty of the conditions 
and the problems they posed. 

Less talented sides would 
have been reduced to a giant- 
sized version of blow football, 
outdoor “subbuteo” under a 
cold and wet November sky. 
Instead the standard of the 
play was so high and so 
consistent that the wintry 
storm appeared to be no more 
powerful than a summer 

The fixture itself was 
temptestous. Derbies invari- 
ably are. But the agression, 
apart from the illegitimate 
assualts of Langley and 
Sbeedy for which both were 
booked midway through the 
second half was as controlled 
as every other feature of a 
game that was never dull, 
seldom unimaginative and al- 
ways purpose fuL • 

Within the framework of 
the fiery passion, that was as 
audible on the pitch as it was 
evident on it, lay a collection 
of brains that remained cool 
inspite of being forced to work 
at blowing speed. The level of 



The West Indian Test crick- 

by his county, Lancashire. The 
last bowler took only 40 
wickets last summer at an 
average 30.55 after helping the 
West Indies to demolish Eng- 
land during the winter. 

In his annual report, the 
Lancashire chairman Cedric 
Rhoades said: “ Two and a 
half wickets a game is just not 
sufficient for our overseas 
players and dearly an 
improvement is needed for 
next season ” 

technique was a delight and at 
times equal to Europe’s best 

Thai there were no goals 
was of little consequence. 
There was enough, more than 
enough, to enchant a huge 
audience of 48,247 that gath 
ered for the occasion inspire of 
the presence of the BBC’s 
cameras and of the foul 
weather. They generated the 
atmosphere of a Cup tie. 

It usually is when Everton 
and Liverpool come across 
each other these days. Of their 
five previous meetings this 
year, four of them involved a 
piece of silverware. The prize 
yesterday, at the end of the 
first scoreless event on 
Merseyside in four seasons, 
was shared, and deservedly so. 

More football 

on page 31 

The dubs also remain levd 
overall, with 47 wins apiece. 

Everton, who are now be- 
latedly and ominously 
approaching frill strength, 
claimed the moral victory. 
They can consider themselves 
unfortunate not to have been 
awarded a penalty midway 
through the first half. 
Lawrenson. bemused by 
Heath’s turn on the edge ofthe 
area, seemed to bring him 
down inside it. 

They also struck the wood- 
work on the hour. A corner by 
Sbeedy, creatively the most 
brilliant star in the sparkling 
cast, was nodded on by Sharp, 
and Heath, not for the first 
time in the afternoon, eluded 
the taller figures around him 
to bead against the bar. 

Liverpool, employing a 
sweeper and elastically chang- 
ing shape by intermittently 
moving their full backs into 
midfield, can point to several 
openings of their own. Almost 
aU of them fell to Rush, who 
could have climbed closer to 


Forced out 

• Johannesburg .(AFP) — In- 
jury has forced Severiano 
Ballesteros to withdraw from 
the 1 0-man field of next 
month’s Sun City SI million 
golf tournament But or- 
ganizers say he will be there as 
a guest to reaffirm that his 
withdrawal has not be forced 
by anti-apartheid pressure. 

Cota: beads top field 

Cota’s date 

The Olympic and world 
10.000 metres champion 
Alberto Cova again heads a 
top-class geld in the HFC 
international cross-country 
meeting at Cardiff on Sunday, 
December 21. Last year’s race 
ended in a controversial dead- 
heat between the Italian and ! 
England’s Dave Lewis, -who 
will also be competing at 
Cardiff The men’s race will 
include teams from the 
United States, Italy, England, 
Ireland. Scotland and Wales. 

England lose 

England were beaten 40-39 
by Australia, the world cham- 
pions. in a thrilling netball 
international at Gateshead on 

Jones wins 

Singapore (AJ?) — Jonathan 
Jones, of Britain, finished 
.second in the Singapore fog 
yesterday to win the Fonda 
World Grand Prix for power 
boat racing. Marie Wilson, 
also of Britain, :won the leg 
and came second overall, with 
another Briton, John Hill, 
finishing third overall 

Fijians suffer 

Hie Fiji Barbarians re- 
ceived -a rough introduction to 
Irish rugby in the first game of 
their short tour there yes- 
terday when Landsdowne beat 
them 41-3. Landsdowne 
.scored six tries including a 

Dixie Dean’s historic record 
of 19 goals in Merseyside 

- The referee denied him a 
17th for a push, though be 
looked to have challenged 
Mountfield legitimately be- 
fore beating Southall in the 
22nd minute. Either his own. 
control or his own inaccuray 
let him down as Beglin, 
Whelan and Walsh in torn, all 
released him before the 

Liverpool used the tang bafl 
more often titan is their 
custom to threaten Everton 
through the speed ofRush and 
Walsh. After the hour, they 
retreated and concentrated 
more on earning the point that 
lifts them closer to Notting- 
ham Forest and ArsenaL Their 
dosing tactics attracted the 
derision' of the home 

Kenny Dalglish, who left 
himself out yet a gain, was 
startled by the first question 
asked ofhim later by the press, 
"if you think it was a dull 
game,” he said bluntly, "why 
don’t you write about it?” The 
same presumably goes for an 
opposing opinion as wen. 

EVERTON: N Souths*; A Harper. 
Fewer, K RatcSTfs, 0 MountfeM. 
Lsngiery (stir: P WSdrtson), T Steven, A 
Heath, G Sharp, N Adams, K Sheedy. 
LIVERPOOL: B GraUrttav: Q GBespfa, J 
Begun, M Lawrenson. R Whotan, A 
Ka/aaaPWWsfc SMccURusfc JMttby. 

S McMahon. 

Portsmouth profit 

Portsmouth narrowly 
missed out on promotion 
from. the second division last 
season but their misery was 
offset by a profit of almost 
£400,000: The boost to 
Portsmouth’s millionaire 
chairman John Deacon came 
from the £250,000 sale of Neil 
Webb to Nottingham Forest 
and a £450,000 instalment 
from AC Milan for Mark 

3 at half-time-againsta strong 
wind they ran riot ! in the 
second period- - 

The shelves oa the wall of 
the TV room heavy wife video 
evidence of the performances 
of every wor ld heavyweight 
champion this century, box- 
og^aff Anno taped the 
Tyson victory so that he could 
add ft to Ids action-packed 
coBectkm: *TS be watching 
■ tins tape over and over again 
in the months ahead,” be said. 
“I’ve got to be good and ready 
to meet The Man’.” 

- According to Terry Lawless, 
las man ag er, there canid he a 
Tysan-Brrao showdown some- 
time next year. 

“Tyson was as driBhig as I 
expected to to be, bet 
Berbick made ft easy.fer him 
with Ms tactics,” said Lawless 
after he and Bruno bad statist 
the recording for a sixth time. 
“IfTyson gets past the likes of 
Witherspoon aad Michael 
Spinks I see the distinct 



possibOfty of him fightfag 
Brano late next year because 
thee wfil be nobody left to test 

“I tan* that at the moment 
most people wifi dismiss 
Frank as having no chance, 
but be is foil of confidence that 
he can beat him became he 
knows he was his govtor in 
the gym.” 

Braao had two sparring 
sessions with Tyson ia the 
United States. *1 won’t forget 
it because of the weird thing 
that Tyson did when we first 
sparred together,” Brano re- 
called os the action replay of 
Berbick's rubber-legged dis~ 
InhyatinnfiDed tire screen for 
the umpteenth ffaw- ■ “He 
kissed me.” 

There was a deep-throated 
chuckle from Bruno as he 
confirmed what he had said. 
“That's right — he kissed me. 
I’ve never had that happen to 
me In the gym before; He 
didn’t say a word to me when 

we Gushed three hard rounds 
of sparring. He just kissed, me 

oh ftie cheek. 

“He was just 16 flat rad I 
was 20. To be honest, he had a 
slight edge over me in that 

tired out after a long journey. 
A year later we sparred again, 
this time at a gym ia Ike 
CatsltiD Mountains and I got 
the better of him in every 
round. In tact, he didn't show 

up the next day, although he 

said be would co me back for 
another work out 
*T sickened him with my left . 
jab, which is what I thought 
Berbick would try to do. He 
played right into Tyson’s 
bands by trying 

Elevated status in 
the wake of defeat 

to light him instead of boxing 
him. It's suicide to stand ana 
trade punches with him — as 
Berbick found out” . 

Bruno becomes articulate 
and encyclopaedic when talk- 
ing boxing. He has made a 
thorough study of all the 
world's leading heavyweights 
and so you don't argue when 
be says: “Tyson’s real test will 
come when be meets the 
winner' of' Tnbbs and 
Witherspoon. I think Tim will 
win dot fight and then he wffl 
give Tysoo all sorts of trouble. 
He is modi more durable and 
powerful than Berbick sod 
would mess Tyson around and 
not to him get set far his big 
pondies. I should know, 
shouldn't H” . 

Witherspoon remains a 
braise on Brane’s memory. He 
has sot fought since a gallant 
challenge for. the 
PhfladeJphian’s WBC heavy- 
weight crown at Wembley 
Stadium in July, a thrilHag 
battle in which he was blud- 
geoned to defeat in the elev- 
enth round after l etuifag for 
most of the way. Bnmo, whose 
ten status was derated 
rather than diminis hed by bis 
performance against 
Witherspoon, expects to re- 
turn to the ring against a rated 
American eariy next spring. 

If the programme of his 
master manager goes to plan, 
Bruno could be fighting Tysoo 
in a fight worth mflfions of 

dollars before 1987 is oat And 

then Bnmo means to make : 
Tyson kiss the- world tide- 
. .. know, what I 

Norman GiHer