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No 62,581 


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Tories vow to DMdn8Bravea 
add lm more 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 

create one on t0 mu ^ ilude <ff commitments 

owners in SSS home «**««> » -be delivered ibis 
vriii Jr.. 1,6X1 fiv e years week is assembled.- - 

There will be less clarity on 
some of ibe more controver- 
sial areas. A proposal fa- 
voured by some ministers on 
the right to give tax relief for 

owners ® 

wriiihk c nexi nve years 
the rw? ven l ? raorr °w- when 
fcrenSS rval,ve con- 

Bournemouth. 0 *^ 05 ia 

TTie promise, to be deliv- 

ered in the n ^ 1 10 9™ ** relief for 

MrJohn PsE TfAJ? 1 ? ^ EH vaIe heaIth Kcunendy 
r~- u_! . . : haUei ?.\ Minister being considered by Mr Nor- 

man Fowler, the Secretary of 
State for Social Services. 

Mr Hurd made dear that he 
would oppose (L He was not 
convinced it would be “a 

Mortgages warning 3 

r me minister 

housing, will set the tone 
Wet:k ,n which the 
Conservatives are setting out 

?" 0n k V,nce 11,6 natJ on that 
they have revitalized their 
pobcies and need another full 
Iei ™ 10 carry them ouL 

Mr Norman TebbiL the 
Pfrty chairman, and Mr 
Douglas Hurd, the Horae 
secretary, gave notice that 
lurtner radical measures on 
the health service, education, 
privatization and possibly 
trade union reform will form 
the basis of the next Conser- 
vative election manifesto, 
along with a continued 
commitment to reduce direct 

Both are members of the 
Prime Minister's special strat- 
egy group which is drawing up 
the manifesto, an interim 
version of which will effec- 
tively be on offer after the 

flat dwellers to buy their 
homes, and a- substantia! 
boost to die shared ownership 
scheme by making it more 
attractive for building soci- 
eties to take pan. 

Last week The Times Home 
Front series revealed the 
mounting pressure which the 
Government is facing to con- 
trol the spiralling cost of 

Under amendments to the 
Housing and Planning Bfll. 
which is to be discussed in the 
Lords tomorrow, discounts of 
up to 70 per cent for people 
_ , „ who have lived in their flats 

sensible way of using the for 15 years will be on offer, 
resources of the state.” he said That compares with a maxi- 
in an interview on the London mum 60 per cent 





Weekend Tele vision's Week- 
end World. 

Mr Patten's plan to be 
unveiled tomorrow will be 
aimed at building on the two 

million increase in owner ?, . - — - — 

occupiers since the 1979 elec- Und ? r tie »*eme at present 
tion. half of which are attrib- Jwy P 81 * of a 

uted the Government's Property and .rent the rest 

__ discount 

after 30 years' occupation for 

Oianges on shared owner- 
ship will particularly benefit 
young first-time ’ buyers. 

council house rigbi-io-buy 

It will be based on the 
maintenance of present poli- 
cies on mortgage tax relief, 
bigger incentives for council 

from the body lending item 
the money. 

In practice, because of the 
“fair rent" conditions at- 
tached to the renting that has 

Condoned on page 18, col 1 

Dancing Brave proved himself one of 
the outstanding racehorses of the post- 
war era when producing an amazing 
burst of speed to win Europe's richest 

race, the £368,000 Prix de l’Arc de 
Triomphe, in record time at Longchamp 

v*0 ^ 

v *v 

“When I asked him to quicken, he 
just flew — h was electrifying," Pat 
Eddery said. “He must be the best 
horse I've ridden. He's a Rolls Royce." 

Dancing Brave's time of 2 minutes 
27.7 seconds dipped three tenths of a 
second off the previous record. 

Report, Page 34 




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Hotfoot from 
Milan — Suzy • 
Menkes on the 
new Italian fashion 
collections • 

Order your 
Times today 

• The Times Portfolio 
Gold weekly 
competition prize - 
worth £24,000 because 
there were no 
winners for the two 
previous weeks - was 
shared on Saturday by 
two readers: Mr R. 
Hughes of Wimbome, 
Dorset; and Miss M. 
Potts of Macclesfield, 
Cheshire. Details, 
page 3. 

• There was no daily 
winner on Saturday so 
today’s prize is 
doubled to £8,000. 

• Portfolio list, page 
24; rules and how to 
play, information 
service, page 18. - 

times business 

Swan expands 

Swan National Rentals, a 
subsidiary of T5B, made its 
first acquisition, paying an 
undisclosed sum for Stardust 
& Cameloi, a short-break 
holiday company Page 19 


Yacht success 

The British yacht White Cru- 
sader overcame a senes of 
mishaps to narrowly win her 
opening race on the first day of 
ihc America’s Cup tnals off 
Fremantle. Australia Page 34 

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Services concerned over 
Labour defence policy 

By Philip Webster and Rodney Cowton 

There, is serious concern in 
the highest circles of the 
Armed Forces chat the labour 
Party’s .non-nuclear defence 
policy could, if implemented, 
seriously damage Britain's 
ability io defend itself 

JFour-of- Britain’-s-most' se- 
nior recently railed officers 
expressed their concern yes- 
terday. Three of them thought 
that' msapiCAyg wmsia i yys 
a govern t nept - Swight to Im- 
plement die policy it could 
lead to a formal warning that 
the services could not guar- 
antee the tkfence of the 

One gave a warning also 
that it might provoke resigna- 
tions among the servicechie& 

Admiral of the Fleet Lord 
Lewiit. who as Chief of the 
Defence Staff, . was the 
Government's principle mili- 
tary adviser during the Falk- 
lands conflict, said that to his 
certain knowledge the chiefs 
of the Services had for the last 
25 years consistently ■ given - 
priority to the independent 
nuclear deterrent in their ad- 
vice to successive- govern- 
ments, and he saw no reason 
why that should change now. 

If a {government came to 
power with the Labour Party’s 
present defence policy, and 
rejected the service chiefs' 
advice, they would probably 
seek a formal meeting with the 
prime minister, and if their 
advice was still rejected each 
would have to "consider his 

It was possible that some or 
aU of than might fed obliged 
to resign, though it would also 
be possible to take the view 
that having made their opin- 

ions dear. they could honour- 
ably continue as servants of 
the government of the day. 

■ Lord Lewin said he thought 
that had he found himself in 
that position on a matter of 
fundamental importance, he 
would have found it difficult 
to continue. . ., 

. He -^oimcd out however, 
that a newly-elected govern- 
ments sedong toimptesneot 
its policy ' would have to 
negotiate with its European 
allies -as -well as with ihe 
United States, and -much 
would depend oil the attitude 
of countries such as Belgium, 
the •. Netherlands and 

Mr Geottt Younger, the 
Secrciaiy of State for Defence, 
is planning an outright on- 
slaught against the Labour 
Party’s defence policy at the 
Conserfvative Party con- 
ference this week. 

The intervention ofDr John 
Gilbert, Labour's former de- 
fence minister, who has given 
a warning that Mr Neil 

Mr George Younger, who . 
will attack Laboar stance 

IGnnock would be leaving the 
country naked to nuclear 
blackmail, will provide addi- 
tional ammunition for Mr 
Younger, in his speech at 
Bournemouth on Wednesday. 

Serving officers are anxious 
to avoid becoming involved 
fn political controversy. Al- 
though, there is known to be 
considerable concern about 
Labour party' poHcyr they 
avoid discussing rt pubGdy. 

Recently-retired senior offi- 
cers can speak more easflySr 
Henry Leach, who was Chief 
of the Naval Staff at the time 
of the Falklands conflict said 
yesterday: “I cannot speak for 
today's chiefs of staff, but in 
my view the Labour policy is 
absolute nonsense. It is 

“Ifit had arisen in my time 1 
would have said so. and I have 
very little doubt that I and my 
colleagues would have made 
our -views known." ■ 

' Sir Keith Williamson, who 
was Chief of the Air Staff nnlil 
lasiyear, said that it seemed to 
him incompatible for a party 
to adopt a unilateralist stance 
while saying that it would 
remain under the Nato um- 
brella. He thought if such -a 
policy- were implemented 
there was a good chance of 
Naio-uu ravelling. * 

The strictures of Dr Gilbert, 
who is' the senior .Labour 
member on the Commons 
Defence Committee, will be 
even -more, embarrassing for 
the Labour Party. 

He said that if Britain 
abandoned its strategic 
nuclear capability it would be 

- -Continued on page 18, col 6 

by Norman 

By Mitchell Platts 

Greg Norman, the Austra- 
lian golfer, who won the 
British Open in July, launched 
a venomous attack on unruly 
spectators after winning the 
Suntory Woritf Match Play 
championship by beating 
Sandy Lyle at Wentworth 

Norman, who immediately 
claimed' afterwards that he 
would net defend the title next 
.year, said: "! don't feel that 1. 
have won a tournament I feel 
that I have won a battle. "I am 
extremely disappointed with 
the way I was treated. There 
was cheering and dapping 
when I bit bad shots. Some 
people were banging metal 
objects behind the tees. It took 
me totally by surprise. There 
was no excuse for tharkind of 
behaviour whatsoever. I think 
this is going to be my last 
World Matchplay champion- 

Norman's outburst came 
only three days after the 
British golfer, Howard Claric, 
castigated a section of the 
crowd after his first round 
match with Lyle: Little more 
than one year ago. some 
golfers from the United States 
also claimed they were the 
victims of crowd abuse during 
the Ryder Cup at The Belfry* 
Sunon Coldfield. 

Norman added: "It is the 
first time that anything on this 
scale has happened to me in 
Britain. I am not calling them 
hooligans, or anything like 
that, but the situation is going 
to get out of hand unless 
something is done about it." 

Norman's victory, page 34 

Thatcher and Lawson 
stand firm on rates 

By Rodney Lord, Economics Editor 

The Conservative Party 
conference will start in 
Bournemouth tomorrow 
against a background of pres- 
sure on the pound and the 
threat of higher interest rates. 

The Prime Minister and the 
Chancellor. Mr Nigel Lawson, 
are determined to resist. the 
rise in rates at least until the 
conference is over. They are 
hoping that in the next few 
days market . fears will be 
calmed by a satisfactory out- 
come to the Organization of 
Petroleum Exporting : Coun- 
tries meeting m Geneva. An 
agreement to carry on resirict- 

ing output would help to 
underpin the oil price and also 

; Pressure on the pound, 
which touched new lows last 
week, stemmed partly from 
political uncertainty as the 
election draws nearer. 

..The feilure of last week's 
meeting of the International 
Monetary Fund in Wash- 
ington to agree on co-ordinat- 
ing economic management 
has left both sterling and the 
dollar exposed . 

Leading article, page 13 
Lawson test, page 19 

Israel silent on claims 
it has nuclear weapons 

By Our Foreign Staff 

The Israeli Government 
yesterday refused to comment 
on a report m The Sunday 
Times claim i ng that Israel had 
developed .and has stocks of 
iherino-hnclear weapons. - 
MrAvi Paznerl thepeisonal 
spokesman of Mr Yitzhak 
Shamir, the Foreign Minister, 
repealed -the Government's ' 
longstanding position that - 
Israel would not be the first 
country to introduce nuclear 
weapons in the Middle East 
Mr Amnon Rubinstein, the 
communications minister, 
said that die source of the 
information. Mr Mordechai 

Vanunu. appeared to have 
told the story in revenge for 
being fired from his job as a 
nuclear technician at Dimona. 
Israel's nuclear research est- 

Israel’s military censors yes- 
terday refused to allow trans- 
mission of two-lhirds of an 
assessment, of The Sunday 
Times story by lan Murray, 
the 1 Jerusalem correspondent 
for The Times. The story. like 
all others dealing with Israeli 
security, was submitted to the 
censors who deleted every- 
thing except actual quotes 
Science Editor, page 5 




From Christopher Thomas 

The Reagan Administration 
is increasingly confident that 
an "understanding" can be 
reached for drastic reductions 
of intermediate-grange nuclear 
missiles in Europe during next 
weekend's summit in Iceland. 

A senior White House of- 
ficial sard arms control nego- 
tiators wenr'iairty close" to 
an accord. The summit could 
seal it in - principle, with 

Orlov flies out 5 

Nicaragua, pledge 5 

Daniloff denial 5 

further negotiations necessary 
on the precise numbers of 
missiles to be dismantled. A 
full-kale summit later this 
year or early next year could 
finalize the agreement. 

President Reagan devoted 
his. regular Saturday radio 
address to a strident attack on 
the Democrat-controlled 
House of Representatives, 
asserting that some of its 
decisions on arms control 
were undercutting American 
negotiating strength. He ap- 
pealed for bi-partisan co- 

“The Soviets must not 
think that delay could work to 
their advantage by gaining 
from Congress what they can- 
not win at the negotiating 
table", he said. 

The House has passed a Bill 
that includes a moratorium on 
the testing of anti-satellite and 
nuclear weapons and an end 
to the production of chemical 
weapons. It would mandate 
compliance with the unrati- 
fied Salt 2 treaty on limiting 
strategic arms, which the 
Administration is threatening 
to ignore. 

Mr Reagan described the 
legislation, which has virtually 
no chance of being enacted, as 
a "grave obstacle" to progress 
at the talks in Iceland 

Mr Reagan indicated that 
his summit would be wide- 
ranging. covering regional is- 
sues and human rights 
questions, as well as arms 

"We win make it dear that 
we will not sacrifice our 
lues, prindples or vital 
interests for the sake of merely 
signing agreements. And- that 
is just another way of making 
it clear to. the Soviets that we 
harbour' no illusions about 
them .or their geo-political 
intentions." he said ' 

Hailsham seeks to curb barristers’ spending 

^ By Frances Gibb 

The Government is seeking 
to bring within public spend- 
ing controls the way hamsters 
run their chambers and the 
fees they pay 10 their clerks. 

The issue of how barristers 
managed their affairs has been 
left until now td the pro- 
on. But Lord Haflsbam of 
Marylebone, the Lord 

iminal legal aia wont.. 

His officials raised the topic 
the last round of pay talks 
wveen the Government and 
e profession but it was left 
i one side. They are raising i t 

. - . mhi/4v 

are dosely tied to efficiency 
and de-manning agreements. 

They are concerned about 
the extent to which barristers’ 
clerks may reap laige percent- 
ages in commission out of any. 
pay rises awarded 
There are no controls on 
what barristers pay their 
clerks, although there' are 
guidelines that it should be no 
less than 5 per cent Earnings 
. vary widely but most clerks 
earn more than 5 per cent, and 
someasmuchas 10 per cent of 
a chambers' gross fees. 

Earnings of £75.000 are not 
uncommon for a top senior 
derk. and £40.000 to £45,000 
for a senior in an average- 
sized chambers. 

The Royal Commission on 
Legal Services in 1979 said 
that many derks earned more 
than junior barristers in •then- 
chambers. Senior’ clerics on 
average earned just under half 
the earnings of QCs. 

With the new- system of 
standard fees for crown court 
■work, officials are concerned 
that the clerk’s job of negotiat- 
ing brieffees on criminal cases 
has gone.'They are also con- 
cerned about the way some 
chamber, are run and pri- 
vately some banisters admit 
that 'chambers are “appaJL 
ingly disorganized'\Some 
have no proper internal dis- 
tribution systems nor pul* 
fished accounts. 

In an' effort to tackle the 
problem the Bar Committee, 
the executive; body of the 
profession, has agreed to the 
first day conference on 
chambers' administration to 
be. held in December jointly 
with the Barristers’ Clerks’ 

That wifi look topics such as 
new technology; chambers' 
finances and accounts, the 
changing role of the senior 
clerk and the controversial 
issue of "purse sharing" under 
which trainee barristers are 
paid a fixed salary. 

The conference oiganizer.. 
Mr Martin Bowiey. a member 
of the Bar Council, said: "The 
Bar has traditionally not been 

' % 

very good at administration: 
it's been a bit of a dirty 
wond."But barristers were 
now enthusiastic at seeing 
how matters could be 

The idea has the backing of 
the 500-member - Barristers’ 
Clerks' Association. Mr Paul 
Shrubsall.. joint chairman of 
the committee which acts as a 
fink between clerks and the 
Bar. said the role of the clerk 
bad Iran stormed in recent 

With a chambers of 50 
barrisiers. clerks could be 
handling a turnover of £1 
million to £2 million and 
running a staff, of three ju- 
niors. a typist- a bookkeeper 
and several secretaries. 


off sub 

From Christopher Thomas 

A missile -armed Soviet 
nuclear submarine lay dead in 
the water 600 miles northeast 
of Bermuda Iasi night after 
being forced to the surface 
early on Friday by a fire that 
killed at least three seamen. 

American reconnaissance 
planes watched seamen being 
transferred in small boats to 
Soviet merchant ships. 

White House officials 
quickly accepted Soviet assur- 
ances that there was no danger 
of a nuclear explosion, radio- 
active contamination or of the 
accidental bunch of missiles. 

The Russians declined an 
offer of help from President 
Reagan and Mr George 
Shultz, the Secretary of Stale, 
said yesterdas that at one 
point the submarine appeared 
to move under its own power 
and then stopped, “so appar- 
ently they arc trying io gci it 
under was". 

A L ! S Nasy P3 Orion anti- 
submarine plane from the 
naval air sunon in Bermuda 
identified the vessel as one of 
the Yankee class, a Naio 

It detected two "glowing 
spots’* aboard the vessel, be- 
lieved io be from the fire and 
not from radiation. L'S of- 
ficials said thev believed 
nuclear missiles u'ere aboard. 
Pentagon sources said 50 of 
the crewmen had been taken 
off the vessel, while the rest of 
the 120-man crew fought to 
save their ship. 

Pentagon officials said Yan- 
kee-class submarines, the old- 
est nudear submarines in the 
Soviet Navy, routinely patrol 
in the Atlantic. 

The Administration is de- 
lighted by the speedy Soviet 
notification of the accident. 
Vlr Mikhail Gorbachov, the 
Soviet leader, sent a message 
to President Reagan early on 
Saturday through the US Em- 
bassy in Moscow reporting the 
fire and casualties and giving 
the ship's location. 

It appears, however, that 
the Pentagon had already 
learned of the incident several 
hours earlier. 

The VS is - able to track 
submarines by use of listening 
devices on the ocean floor, a 
system called Sosus (sound 
underwater surveillance sys- 
tem) which could probably 
detea the sound of a fire 
alarm. Additionally, the vessel 
would have been spotted by 
satellite once it surfaced. 

‘will lose 
votes for 

Bv Mark Dowd 
Education Reporter 
Labour activists committed 
to the abolition of indepen- 
dent schools were warned 
yesterdav that pans support- 
ers were likely to pul titcir 
chiidren’s education before 


Mr Peter Bingle.of Isis, the 
independent Schools 
Information Service, made his 
comments alter a Marplun 
poll showed per cvni sup- 
port among the public ii»r 
private education. 

Earlier in ihe week, a poll 
commissioned by Isis had 
revealed support to be ;;s high 
as ■'.> per cent, with more ihiin 
half of Labour voters approv- 
ing ihe retention of private 
education, despite the parti’s 
avowed aim of bringing puhiie 
schools into she slate s>sicm. 

Mr Binglc said that ,vti> 
people had joined the Isis 
association, a supporters club 




Class sfniKfllc, paj*e 10 

for parents, within the last 
week, compared wtlhabou: 
200 a week a year ago. 

The association currently 
boasts 24-25.000 members, 
but Isis predicts this will rise 
to more than 30.000 before the 
next General Election. 

"Parems are genuinely- 
scared about Labour's plans," 
Mr Binglc said. 

"Although the abolition of 
the private sector has been on 
Labour's agenda since 1980- 
81. many parems comforted 
themselves with the knowl- 
edge that the pras-pcci of a 
Labour government was. 
remote.” he said. 

However, the change in the 
party's likely electoral for- 
tunes, and consistently higher 
ratings in the polls, had 
changed aU thaL 
Last week's Labour party 
conference passed a resolution 
calling for the “planned public 
ownership of the private 
school system". 

Oil price may stay low 

From David Young, Geneva 

Attempts to send the world 
oil price upwards - a move 
which would increase govern- 
ment tax revenues from the 
North Sea. bolster the pound 
and help ease pressure for 
higher interest rates - are to be 
renewed by Opec oil ministers 

meeting here. 

However, internal wran- 
gling between Arab Gulf na- 
tions over the size of their 
share of the overall output 
could leave prices languishing 
around the S 15 a barrel mark. 

New price drive, page 19 






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Alliance renews 
claim of TV bias 

The SDPand liberal parties yesterday accused the BBC 
and ITN of biased and imbalanced political newscoverage 
after a report conuiissknud by the Alliance parties found 
that they received only 6 per cent of aD evening news cover- 
age (AngeDa Johnson writes). 

This compared with 60 per cent for the Conservatives 
and 20 per cent for labour. In Scotland, the Labour party 
received 74of air tune, the Conservative 22 minutes and the 
Alliance parties six minutes 
The report, compiled by a research team m the 
Department of taw. Politics and Economics at Oxford 
Polytechnic, monitored national and selected evening news 
broadcasts between April 28 and Jnne 22 this year. 

Dr David Owen aid Mr David Steel said: “This new 
impartial survey farther confirms that the two Alliance 
parties do not receive fair news coverage. We believe it 
essential that the BBC ami ITN act on the conclusions 
drawn by the authors of the report** 

Extradition flight 

Scotland Yard may have to nse an American commercial 
(light or the RAF to fly an IRA suspect from the United 
States after British Airways last week rejected plans to 
carry him. 

The airline took the decision on security grounds, as it 
fears there might be reprisals against staff or equipment for 
carrying tbc 

Scotland Yard said that yesterday that detectives did not 
rtiinlt there would be any problem in finding a flight for 
William Quinn if extradition pro ceeding s are snccessfaL 

Mr Quinn was arrested in 1981 on a warrant for the mur- 
der of TC Stephen Tibbie, aged 2L who was shot dead in a 
west London street in 1975. 

will sue 



A diplomat is suing the 
Foreign Office for alleged 
sexual discrimination 
(Mark Ellis writes). 

Mis Susan Rogerson, 
aged 44, of the Foreign 
(Mice’s United Nations 
departmenttalleges an offer 
of the post of deputy High 
Commissions in Zambia 
was withdrawn, because 
the High Commissi oo in 
Lusaka had another 
woman on its staff, 

She will be taking her 
case to an Industria l tri- 
bunal in London on 
November 26. 

Three people were taken 
to hospital suffering from 
headaches and nausea yes- 
terday after a cloud of 
white fumes, re- 
leased from the Akzo 
Chemie plant in Gilling- 
ham, Kent, hovered over a 
residential area for several 
hours. The accident hap- 
pened when a pressurized 
water pump, teed to dis- 
perse the chemical, broke 
down and allowed the va- 
pours to escape. 

*1X0 lives were put at 
risk", the company said. 
“The fames were only an 
irritant, rather like a dose 
of onions." 

Fan stabbed to death 

A football supporter was stabbed to death after he and a 
fellow Birmingham City fan were set upon by 10 Mill wall 
supporters near Charing Cross Station, London. 

Mr Ken Burns, aged 19, of Maidstone, Kent, was chased 
to Embankment Uniercroinid station where he was lolled. 
His friend was stabbed but managed to escape and was 
taken to hospital after being given first aid by passers-by. 

Scotland Yard said the first Incident , happened in 
Northnmberland Street, Villiers Street or the station area 
just before midnight on Saturday. 

• Trouble flared at a match between Mfllwafl and Crystal 
Palace. It was interrupted by a pitch invasion and five peo- 
ple were arrested. 

Currie on 

Mrs Edwina Currie 
(right), junior minister at 
the Department of Health, 
has renewed her attack on 
northerners’ diet, saying 
they spend too much on 
tobacco and alcohol (Jill 
Sherman writes). 

On tonight's Granada 
TV programme. World in 
Action, she defends her 
remarks that ill- health is 
not linked to poverty, say- 
ing: “Every family could 
spend less on smoking and 
drinking, and switch that 
money to a better diet." 

King firm on courts 

A proposal to amend Ulster's controversial Flags and 
Emblems Act, and to permit tritingnal street signs in 
English and Gaelic, is to be put to the Anglo-Irish inter- 
governmental conference in Dublin today . 

But Mr Tom King, Secretary Of State for Northern 
Ireland, will insist that Britain cannot at present make any 
move towards reconstituting the non-jury Dip lock courts, 
which try terrorist cases, with three judges instead of one. 

Heavy security trill be enforced for the meeting, the first 
to be held in the republic under the Anglo-Irish Accord. 


8 King Street, London SWL Teh 01-839 9060 
Monday 6 October at 10.30 a.m. 
Tuesday 7 October at 2 pm 

Fri day 1 0 October at 1030 am 

19th and 20th CENTURIES 
Saturday 11 October at 11am 
special 20th Anniversary sale 

Monday, October 20 at 6.45 pm 

Piano Quartets by Beethoven and Schumann 
Tickets £750. Enquiries and application forms from 
Jonathan Price or Mrs Patricia Knights 


502 Fade Avenue, N.Y. 10022 Ttefc 212-546 1000 
Wednesday 22 October at 10 am a nd 1 pm 

Including fl JMflffnlfipfrnf SpWrinti nf niairmnd 
Jewellery, the Property of Caroline Ryan Foulkc 
Enquiries: Albert Middlenriss in London or 
Frangois Curiel in New York 

Christie's King Street is open for viewiag on 
Sundays from 2 pm-5 pm 
Christie's Sooth Kensington is open for viewing on 
Mondays until 7 pm for farther information on 
the sales this week, please telephone 01-581 7611 
Christie's have 25 local offices in the UK. If you 
would like to know the name of your 
nearest representative please telephone 
Caroline Treffgame on 01-606 1848 


Talks on dismissals resume, but both sides are pessimistic 

Chaos as strikers halt 14 ferries 

By Michael Horsnell 

Secret talks about the dis- 
missal of nearly 500 Sealink 
seamen and on-shore staff 
resumed in London yesterday 
amid growing disruption to 
the company’s ferry services. 

But by last night. , as the 
fourth session of negotiations 
between the company and 
union officials failed to find a 
solution to the bitter dispute 
over Channel Island sailings, 
only Sealink's six-boat service 
to the Isle of Wight remained 

The company's other 14 
ships were idle, bringing chaos 
to passengers travelling be- 
tween Dover and Calais, 
Folkestone and Boulogne, 

fare. Stranraer and Lame, 
Holyhead and Dun Laoghaire. 
Heysham and the Isle of Man, 

suspended from service. 

Meanwhile on Guernsey, 
where the island's onlv roll- 

* But most routes were kept 
open to Sealink passengers by 
rival companies. 

The growing disruption 
came after decisions by sear 
men at Holyhead. Fishguard 
and Douglas yesterday to join 
the dispute over Sealink's 
merger with Channel Island 
Ferries on the Weymouth and 
Portsmouth service to Jersey. 
Guernsey and Cherbourg, 
with the loss of 492 jobs. 

The four Sealink ferries 
which ran the Channel Islands 
service were occupied for the 
sixth day by crew yesterday 

Harwich surd the Hook of while the other 10 ships 
Holland. Fishguard and Ross- caught up in the dispute were 

‘School of 
head faces 

A committee is investigat- 
ing the case of a London 
headmaster who was sus- 
pended after being accused of 
encouraging his pupils to be 
diligent and to aim for the 
highest possible standards of 

In his six years as head- 
master of St Jude's Church of 
England primary school in 
Southwark, Mr Brian Dugan 
has created a school which 
parents describe as “every- 

thing we want* 
Mr Robin L 

Mr Robin Lee, spokesman 
for the parents action commit- 
tee. said: “The Inner London 
Education Authority has been 
working behind the scenes to 
get rid of Mr Dugan because 
his teaching methods do not 
fit in with their ideologies." 

Mr Dugan, the parents and 
the board of governors believe 
that his is the right way of 
education. "Ilea's methods do 
not work and our school has 
become an embarrassment to 
them because it is successful.” 

Since Mr Dugan took over 
St Jude's, nine children have 
won state scholarships to pub- 
lic schools and pupil numbers 
at the school have more than 
doubled because it is so popu- 
lar with parents. There are 
three children on the waiting 
list for every spare place at the 

Mr Dugan was suspended 
last July and then reinstated 
pending the result of the 
inquiry being conducted by a 
committee comprising mem- 
bers of Ilea, the Church and 
the governors. 

But last night Mr Dugan 
threatened to resign and said: 
“You cannot operate a school 
without the goodwill and sup- 
port of the authority." 

Mr Dugan was criticized for 
statements in a brochure sent 
to parents in which he stated 
that “each pupil is firmly 
encouraged to be diligent, and 
is constantly reminded to aim 
for the highest possible stan- 

Mr Brian Dugan outside his school yesterday. 

dards of excellence in all 

The education authority 
said in its report that the 
appraisal of visiting inspectors 
“points dearly to the seriously 
inadequate consequences of 
this attitude which produces 
an inefficient, authoritarian 
regime in which failure is as 
pointed as success”. 

The school's vicar, the Rev 
David Howes, said that Mr 
Dugan's teaching methods 

were "totally supported by all 
the parents”. 

He said Mr Dugan's 
resignation would be “a very 
regrettable step". 

But Ilea is not prepared to 
speculate on the outcome of 
the inquiry. Mr Dudley Fox. 
the deputy leader of the 
Conservative group on Ilea 
said - "While Mr Dugan has 
been reinstated we are await- 
ing the results of a full-scale 
inquiry into his leadership.” 

Rail crash 
set to open 

Schools ‘targets for 
gay lib propaganda’ 

By Mark Dowd, Education Reporter 

By Ian Smith 

Big changes at British Rail's 
vast network of unmanned 
level crossings are expected 
after two government-ordered 
investigations about to be 
launched into a train crash 
which killed 10 people. 

The first begins tomorrow 
when the Department of 
Transport's Railways Inspec- 

torate opens the public in- 
quiry to find out why a train 
carrying 300 passengers from 
Bridlington to Hull collided 
with a van on an unmanned 
level crossing in the Humber- 
side village of Lodtingion on 
July 26 this year. 

An independent review 
committee is also poised to 
begin a 12-month examina- 
tion of automatic, open level 
crossings similar to that 
operating at Lockington. 
where a warbler alarm and 
flashing red lights on both 
sides of the track are triggered 
by oncoming trains. 

British Rail says checks 
have proved the Lockington 
system was and still is 
functioning perfectly. 

Officials refused to disclose 
their findings before the 
Lockington inquiry but say 
the accident was “a chance in 
a million" for which they 
accept no blame. 

Education has become a 
prime target for the propagan- 
dists of the gay movement, 
says a pamphlet published 
today which examines- teach- 
ing materials for sex in- 

Compiled after three 
months of research. Gay Les- 
sons gives warning that par- 
ents and the general public 
have cause for concern at the 
manner in which public funds 
are being used to promote gay 

The study says that in recent 
years sex education has also 
tended to emphasize individ- 
ual gratification 

Moreover, the document is 
implicitly critical of some of 
the teaching materials used in 
schools in London boroughs. 

such as Camden and Islington. 

A 5Ckninuie video entitled 
Framed Youth, which the 
document says has been pro- 
moted for use in schools of the 
Inner London Education 
Authority, is described as “a 
clever and persuasive video”, 
adding that "its super- 
imposition of shots of hetero- 
sexuals with a brutal boxing i 
match, nuclear weapons and 
the police is a propaganda 
method designed to make 
‘straight' society look aggres- 
sive and hard”. 

The author of Gay Lessons. 
Miss Rachel Tingle, who is a 
journal ist. said that she had no 
objection to the discussion of 
homosexuality in the class- 
room and was opposed to 
discrimination against mem- 
bers of the gay community. 

Heads seek exam cash 

Mr Kenneth Baker. Sec- 
retary of State for Education 
and Science, win be urged 
today to provide extra funds 
for the GCSE examination. 

A National Association of 
Head Teachers' delegation 
will tell him that a survey 
shows local authorities are 

spending well under half the 
£40 million the Government 
assumed they would need. 

The Government is this 
year putting £30 million into 
the GCSE. which all 800.000 
fourth formers in England and 

Wales have began studying. 

The survey, which covers 
nearly half of the 104 educa- 
tion authorities, says that 
four - Gwyd. Leeds. Salford, 
and Tameside (Manchester) — 
are contributing nothing. An- 
other six are spending less 
than 15 per cent of the figure 
expected, with only 12 laying 
out more than half the 
“larger leveL Best spenders 
are the London boroughs of 
Redbridge, slightly above, and 
Kingston upon Thames, more 
than double the assumed sum. 

rnent ofall seamen aswell_ as * $2^ ' Dutch- 
improved severance pay. stnk Konmg j m Beai- 

Sealink denied a report that to the Hook of 

American who tought Sealink The Columba was 

from British Rail for £66 * ^ passengers 

twn vears aeo. is suspenucu w j 

and Portsmouth and Wey-' on. rofl-offramp is blocked by 
mouth to the Channel Islands, the car feny. Earl William. 

The island's tomato trade 
has been affected though 
flower crops are being 

The British Channel Islands 
ferry. Corbiere. continued u> 
defy union pressure and ar- 
rived in Portsmouth where 
dockers ignored a directive 
from the Transport and Gen- 
eral Workers' Union to black 
it. and unloaded freight. 

Talks between Sealink and 
officials of the National 
Union of Seamen and the 
officers' union will resume 
today with both sides pes- 

The unions want reinstate- 

from British Rail for £66 
million two years ago. is 
prepared to attempt to starve 
out the seamen during the 
winter months. 

The situation last night 
Folkestone: No service after 
suspension of the ships. Hen- 
gist and Horsa: passengers 
advised to transfer to Dover, 
Daren Two Sealink ferries. St 
.Anselm and St Christopher, 
were suspended and pas- 
sengers to Calais directed to 
other British. Belgian and 
French carriers: 

Harwich: Sealink's ship. St 
Nicholas, was suspended and 
seamen, previously involved 

switched to Irish-owned Band 
1 service to Dun Laoghaire! 
seamen there have voted to 

strike indefinitely: 

Channel Islands: AH four 
ships remained occupied by 
striking crewmen on the main- 
land and on the islands: 
Fishguard: Officers declared a 
12-hour strike on the route to 
Rosslare ending this morning: 
Stranraer No service to Lame 
due to suspension of three 
Sealink ships: 

Isle of Man: Seamen voted on 
board the ferry Tynwald to 
stage a 48-hour strike. 

MPs foiled by 
‘Labour and 
Cabinet ploy’ 

By Martin Fletcher, Political Reporter 
vemment and La- by people sitting at 2. 3. and 

The Government and La- 
bour party front bench are 
sharply cri ticized for colluding 
to thwart the will of a majority 
of backbcmch MPs. in a report 
to be published on Thursday. 

The report, from the Com- 
mons Procedure Select 
Committee, will make two 
radical proposals for improv- 
ing consideration of im- 
portant but contentious Bills 
in committee sta ge . 

It will call for an all-party 
Business Sub-Committee to 
review a Bill's progress after 
six sittings, and. if necessary, 
to impose a timetable to 
ensure that all its clauses get 
proper consideration. 

This would end the present 
situation whereby early 
(filibustering means Bills often 
pass to the Lords with two- 
thirds of their clauses barely 

It will suggest as well that no 
standing committee should sit 
after 10pm. "Who other than 
someone soft in the head 
could really believe that it 
makes sense for serious 
committee amendments to 
major legislation to be consid- 
ered after a full working day 

sometimes 7 and S am? People 
outside this House think we 
are mad'' Sir Peter Emery', the 
committee chairman, has told 
the Commons. 

Last Februaiy it took a 
combination of the largest 
“pavrair voles, mobilized by 
the ’Government this session, 
and Labour front bench sup- 
port. to defeat the committee's 
earlier proposal, that an 
experimental Legislative Busi- 
ness Committee should pro- 
vide a timetable for all 
contentious Bills from the 

Mr John Biffen. Leader of 
the House, claimed that the 
proposal was too formal and 
inflexible and that 
filibustering was a legitimate 
political weapon. But the 
committee suspected that the 
true reason for the 
Government's opposition was 
reluctance to let control of 
Bills go from the Whips. 

.As the proposed Business 
Sub-Committee will be chosen 
by the all - party Committee of 
Selection, the new proposals 
deverly meet Mr Bi (Ten's 
stated objections but still take 
control from the Whips. 

Left defies 
union on 

BAe hopes 
jet cash 

By Tim Jones 

Some members of the print 
union Sogat "82 have been 
advised by hard-line London 
branches to reject News 
International’s “best, last and 
final offer” to end the eight- 
month Wapping dispute, in 
defiance of an instruction 
from their leaders. 

Voting among the 4.000 
Sogat members formerly em- 
ployed by the company fin- 
ishes today and the result will 
be announced on Wednesday, 
hours before the deadline for 
acceptance set by News Inter- 

By Harvey El Kott 
Air Correspondent 

Apart from being exhorted 
at rallies by left-wing militants 
to refuse the offer, which 

to refuse the offer, which 
includes compensation of £58 
million, some individuals 
have received ballot papers 
from their branches accompa- 
nied by written advice to turn 
it down. 

This is in direct contraven- 
tion of instructions issued by , 
Miss Brenda Dean, the ; 
union's general secretary, who 
has recommended acceptance. 

Miss Dean has insisted that 
all her members involved in 
the dispute, with the exception 
of those who crossed picket 
lines, should have a vote. At 
least half have now got other 
jobs, the majority of those 
outside the national news- 
paper industry. 

Bui militants argue that 
only those still in the industry 
or seeking work in it are 
entitled to vote. 

Miss Dean and other na- 
tional leaders of the union 
know it is crucial for every 
member to receive a vote if 
the offer is to be accepted. 

So far. the National Graphi- 
cal .Association, the other 
main union in the dispute, has 
made no response to the offer, 
in spite of being told that if it 
does not put it to a ballot, with 
a recommendation for accep- 
tance. there will be nothing to 
vote on. 

Pressure is growing on the 
Government to provide more 
than £S0Q million to British 
Aerospace for a new genera- 
tion of wide-bodied jets. 

The success last week of 
Airbus Industrie in winning 
an order for up to 100 A32Qs 
from Northwest, the third 
largest airline in the United 
States, has given a boost to 
BAe’s hopes that the money 
will be forthcoming. 

The company, which has a 
20 per cent stake in the 
Europe-wide Airbus con- 
sortium. is ready to make the 
wings of a new A340 jet with 
which Airbus hopes to take on 
the American company 
Boeing in its successful 
"jumbo" market. 

Executives of BAe and Air- 
bus have tried to persuade 
ministers that their plans will 
succeed, but they have met 
with scepticism and even 

However, the Government 
is now assured of getting back 
the £250 million it put into the 
launch of the A320 and should 
also make a profit for the 
taxpayer on its investment 

Airbus needed to sell about 
300 A320s to begin to break 
even. Although the first 
production aircraft does not 

S reduction aircraft does not 
Sr until next spring, it already 
has commitments for 367. 

Man the loser in new tale of mice and men 

By A Staff Reporter 

Londoners are outnumbered 
four to one by mice, according 
to the author of a new book 
published today. 

It Is a plight they share with 
the population of almost every 
other city in the world, with 
the exception of Djaliang in 
China, which, after a pro- 
tracted public campaign of 
moose massacres, has pro- 
nounced itself, temporarily at 
least, mouse-free. 

Mice do hare their uses. 
The Chinese make mattresses 
out of their fur, the Germans 
have developed machines for 

milking them and a few na- 
tionalities eat them, in one 
case alive. 

But Western pet-food manu- 
facturers hare rejected the 
idea of making even cat food of 
mice, partly because they fear 
an outcry from animal lovers if 
Jerry's brethren were turned 
into fodder for Toms. 

Id London, mice are in 
occupation at Bndungham 
Palace (where they have been 
studied by scientists working 
for the Council for Nature^ 
the Houses of Parliament 
(where ministers hare admit- 
ted it is impossible to eradicate 
them), and the new Stock 

Exchange building, which 
mice had occupied before the 
first stockbroker moved in. 

Mrs Laflan Young, the au- 
thor of the book,, says mice 
also inhabit deep coalmines, 
and deep-freeze cold stores, 
where they survive by growing 
extra shaggy coats, moving 
about on tip-toe to minimize 
beat loss. Mice are almost 
unstoppable. Mrs Young ad- 
mits. They can run straight up 
brick walls, walk along cables 
and wires, and use central 
heating systems as mouse- 
motorways. They have eaten 
historic documents, frequently 
disrupt train services by diew- 

ing up signalling systems, 
burn houses down % shorting 
the electricity or building ' 
inflammable nests next to I 
chimney flues. j 

Among the creature's less 
agreeable habits, Mrs Young 
says, are that titer dribble 
incessantly, excrete 80 times a 
day, and' shed one millfon 
hairs a year. And those who 
plan to set a trap for them 
might think again about bait- 
ing it with cheese: they much 
prefer fruit-and-nut chocolate 

Heck! The. Imaging. \/ouse Book 
b\ Lai Ian Young (H odder & 
Stoughton: £6.95). 

has commitments for 367. 

Airbus believes that there is 
a potential market for 3.600 
aircraft, worth .$95 billion, 
between now and the begin- 
ning of the next centuTy. and 
that it can get a good slice of 
that market. 

But it is beginning to look as 
if its share may be bigger than 
it had hoped after Northwest's 
order, which could provide a 
lead for other American 

Potentially an even bigger 
market exists for the new 
generation of long-range air- 
craft. Its value is put at $100 
billion by the year 2000 and 
Airbus, provided it can get the 
necessary capita] to launch its 
challenger, should get a 
significant share. 

• The Queen and the Duke of 
Edinburgh could prove to be 
British Aerospace's best sales 
team yet after their forthcom- 
ing visit to China. 

They will tour the country 
in the British Aerospace 146 
jet which was bought for royal 
use by the Queen's Flight of 
the RAF last year. Orders are 
expected to flood in from 
around the world after it has 
been seen to carry the royal 
seal of approval. 

So far the Chinese have 
bought 10 of the super-quiet 
jets and are known to be 
anxious to evaluate il further 
before. British Aerospace pre- 
dicts, ordering dozens more. ( 

World Chess 

takes one 

move to 


The champion Gary 

Kasparov had only ane moyl 
that he could make to tqass 
victory when the twenty^ 
ond game _ of the wodd 
championship resumed 
Saturday afternoon, and he 
was plainly under vnssnt 
when he had to seal the move 
on Friday night. 

As tension mounted. Loth» 
Schmid, the chief arbiter 
opened the envelope at |j* 
start of vesteixtay's jfay m 
disclose Kasparov's movem 
be the vital 41 - Nd7. ' 

The hall erupted - fa p^. 
mature applause, nannagy ^ 
served only for the end of a 
game. Karpov played a few 
perfunctory moves but with 
the black king boxed fate fee 
corner, resignation was de- 
layed for only a couple of 

When Karpov tts&tA 
Kasparov received a Sfa&dfas 

After Karpov's reagnarioo 
the two players created a 

cably and chatting together 
about the complexities of the 
adjourned position. 

Kasparov leads by. ii.5 
points to 10.5 and requires 
just one draw from the fan- 
two games to be. sun of 
retaining his title. 

In the final position of game 
22 the white knight locks fa 
the black king and a white 
queen check inevitably- 

appearing along the cl to 
diagonal will lead 










1 04 


24 08 

2 C4 


25 m 

3 M3 


26 NxSch 

4 Nc3 


27 bxa3 

5 Bg5 


28 Bttfi 

6 Bxffi 


29 Ne5 



30 03 

8 Ret 


31 Ret 



32 CHS 


33 Rc8 

11 Bxc4 


34 Qg3 

12 h3 


35 Ra8 


36 Rxa4 

14 Bb3 


37 ROT 

15 Rel 


38K&2 1 

16 a3 


39 ROT . 



18 Qd2 


41 NOT 

19 04 


42 NfSdi 



43 Rbi .- 

21 m 



22 Rel 


45 Qd6 

23 Nc3 



black resigns 

x2:: S&sS 

Km i faff 

B C D E F G H 

Civil defence 
case ‘proved 
by Chernobyl’ 

The Government is re- 
examining its emergency 

procedures in the light of the 
Chernobyl disaster (Peter Ev- 

ans writes). The official ver- 
dict is that the effect of die 
accident at the Russian 
nuclear power station on fait- 
ain was very limited but it 
could have been much worse. 

The Chernobyl experience 
will now form part of the "all 
hazards” approach to civil : 
defence, embodied in theCiyfl 
Protection in Peacetime AcL- 
which came into force in - 

Politically. Chernobyl has 
given ministers a strong card 
to play against rebel councils 
not regarded as " taking a. 
realistic view of the need 
Ministers admit that. OT» : 
though much has been done to 
improve civil defence.? their 
opponents have been aflowed.. 
to dominate the debate. 

The Home Office ‘is to 
produce a new film to put 

across the humanitarian pur- 
pose of civil defence, which 
will re flea a common ap- 
proach to emergencies-; in 
peacetime as well as war. 

The Government has allo- 
cated £13.7 million to civil 
defence this vear. 

Police to trace 
history of gun 
in IRA cache 

Police in several countries 
are to be asked to help trace 
the history of the Browning. 
.50-inch belt-fed machine gun 
seized in a raid on an. IRA 
arms and explosives store in 
West Belfast last Friday ntgbt- 

A man arrested in connec- 
tion with the find in art- 
upstairs room of a house in 
Unadoon. was. still being 
questioned by detectives Iasi 
night. Eight men arrested .in . 
earlier raids were still being 
held also. 

A spokesman for the RUC.‘ 
said first indications were that 
the gun. made in the United 
States, came to Belfast from . 
Europe. * • ' 



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By Staff Reporters 

^fcoSgTSTJ* 1 * 

p U bHc°sr g T/s 

S2 i"V S^ f ; e r 

buv^aSf 1 Serv,ces to home 
CJ 0 ^ when ihev 
25JJP 'S® POw«n under the 
BmldingSocteues Act, 1986 

Speaking at a weekend con- 

mfenrii! 1 Yo! ^ on lhe foture 
role of the societies. Mr RicS 

ard - Gibson, head of the 

Sff2f«ftjpoBpy division: 
J?' d ; - 1 , 1 would be a tragedv if 
tne building societies came to 

in same light as 
other businesses because of 
procure to make profits." 
T-.^Jilisclosed last week in 
the Junes inquiry into soar- 
ing house prices, the societies 
are under pressure to stop 
granting too manv high-risk 
mortgages, which are blamed 
tor the disturbing rise rn 
arrears and repossessions. 

mortgages issue was 
brought mto the political 
arena with a warning by Mr 
Ian Siewan. Economic Sec- 
reian.- io the Treasurv, that 
building societies should be- 
ware imprudent lending in the 
increasingly competitive 
mongage markets. 

Alihou^i there is no imen- 
uon that the Government will 
intervene. Mr Stewart’s re- 
marks to a meeting of building 
society officials at Eastbourne 
on Friday amount to a warn- 
ing shot. 

Treasury officials point out 
that they were not intended to 
signify deep unease. Rather, 
ministers can exhort, and that 
is what Mr Stewart was doing. 

Mr Stewart’s public remarks 
came in the wake of those of 
Mr Robin Leigh-Pemberton. 
Governor of the Bank of 
England, who recently called 
on institutions to exercise self-- 
resiraint and to resist the 
pressure to allow lending cri- 

New ‘threat’ 
to tenants 

Council tenants win hare 
little chance of chaHenging the 
private takeover' of their 
homes if the new Housing and 
Planning B31 becomes law. 
Shelter, the housing charity, 
says today . 

It labels as “inadequate and 
nn workable” proposals to give 
taunts a say. in whether their 
homes should be handed over 
to a private landlord or man- 

The Government's plans are 
doe to be discussed in the 
Lords this week. Shelter made 
the comments in its briefing 
for peers. 

Mrs Sheila McKechnie, 
Shelter's director, said: “Far 
from giving tenants a say in 
the future of their homes, the 
Government is effectively 
denying them that right.” 

leria to become excessively 

* Under the Building Soci- 
eties Act. the societies, will be 
permitted to provide the foil 
range of homeowner pro- 
fessional services, such as 
estate agency, conveyancing 
and insurance policies. 

From January 1, prospec- 
tive homeowners will be able 
to buy these services in what is 
being- called "one-stop 

But Mr Gibson said at the 
York conference that there 
was a danger ihat b uilding 
societies could become vic- 

timsofihe same criticisms, no 
matter how unjustified, that 
have been made against estate 
agents and solicitors, such as 
making a lot of profit for little 

In an attempt to minimize 
that danger. MrGibson urged 
the societies to take the initia- 
tive m tackling some of the 
difficulties that face the in- 
dustry. particularly the 
amount of time it takes to buy 
and sdL and the frustration of 
being caught in a chain. 

He indicated that the Gov- 
ernment expected the one- 
stop shopping facility to speed 
property- transactions. 

He also hinted that there 
would be few objections if the 
societies provided the missing 
link needed to accelerate 
stalled chains. 

In anticipation of the 
announcement of Mr John 
Patten. Minister for Housing, 
of the right-to-rent legislation 
at the Conservative Party 
conference ibis week. Mr Gib- 
son said: “The department is 
looking for the building soci- 
eties to expand and improve 
the poor image of private 
letting, and widen the housing 
choices of those not wishing to 

Building society repre- 
sentatives were, however, 
sceptical of the role they were 
being asked to play, especially 
as the fair rent legislation 
prohibits them from securing 
an adequate return on 

The societies also expressed 
reservations about the pro- 
posed new capital adequacy 
requirement which will re- 
quire them to maintain a 
higher percentage of capita] in 

Many societies believe that 
requirement will effectively 
prevent them from providing 
the foil range of professional 
services because they will not 
be able to afford it. 

Sixth formes* from Shelley High School, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire, with the all- 
alummmm veWdetitet yesterday won them the £ 1,000 top prize in a competition to build a 
car for the year 2000. The team won the BP BnOdacar contest, held at Bordon, Hampshire. 

(Photograph: Peter Triemor) 

‘Elite’ orchestra proposed 

By Gavin BeH, Arts Correspondent 

Advisers to the Arts Council 
have proposed creating an 
elite orchestra, to rival the best 
in the world, in an apparent 
attempt to dissuade Mr Simon 
Rattle, the conductor, from 
leaving Britain. 

The music advisory panel, 
under Sir Brian Young, have 
suggested that additional 
funds of at least £500,000 be 
made available next year to 
the City of Birmingham Sym- 
phony Orchestra. 

The funds would contribute 
towards a new concert hall, 
recruiting top class musicians, 
and staging more ambitious 
programmes. A prime motive 
is to persuade Mr Rattle, 
widely regarded as currently 
the finest conductor in Brit- 

ain. to remain with the or- 
chestra when his contract 
expires in 1988. 

He has received several 
offers from leading orchestras 
in the United States, and is 
thought likely to accept one of 
them unless the Birmingham 
Symphony is given extra 
financial support to enable it 
to perform at the highest 
artistic level. 

Sir William Rees-Mogg. 
chairman of the Arts Council, 
favours the project which is in 
line with its policy of develop- 
ing the regional arts. 

The council would be un- 
able to provide all the funds 
and support would be re- 
quired from the Government, 

Birmingham City Council and 
private sponsors. 

In the interim. Mr Rattle 
may be working more with Mr 
Trevor Nunn, the theatre 
director, who reduced his 
commitment to the Royal 
Shakespeare Company at the 

Mr Nunn handed over his 
role as chief executive, which 
he has held since 1968. to Mr 
Terry Hands, his former dep- 
uty. 'Under the change, which 
has been planned for some 
lime. Mr Nunn will remain 
joint artistic director and will 
continue to be consulted on 
planning decisions. 

His contract will give him 
greater freedom to work out- 
side the RSG 


cover for 

By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Solicitors ha\e decided to 
bear their own insurance risks 
against negligence claims be- 
cause of tiie growing difficulty 
of finding cover on the open 
insurance market. 

The Law Society is to set up 
from next September a mutual 
insurance scheme for the pro- 
fession which will cany the 
risks of insuring the 45.000 
solicitors in England and 
Wales and will pay all claims. 

For lhe past few years the 
society has run a compulsory 
master policy scheme, which 
provides all* solicitors with 
cover worth £500.000 al- 
though lhe larger firms seek 
top-up cover above that sum. 

The underwriters of the 
scheme are Guardian Royal 
Exchange, which provides 50 
per rent of ihe cov er. 

A Law Society spokesman 
said: “This year for the first 
time the Guardian Royal Ex- 
change said it was not pre- 
pared to take more than 50 per 
cent of the cover should we 
have difficulty finding the 
remaining 50 per cent.” 

Wnh the all-round contrac- 
tion in the insurance market 
because of the large pro- 
fessional claims, the society 
only managed “by the skin of 
its teeth” to make up the rest 
of the cov or for the profession. 

The new scheme will he run 
on a commercial basis. It will 
still be compulsory for solic- 
itors and the society cannot 
say w hethrr ihe premiums will 
be more or less tlun they are 

"But the difference will be 
that the premiums will more 
accurately reflect the claims 
made.” the spokesman said. 

Another factor in the 
society's decision was the 
rising cost of the master policy 
scheme. The global sum of 
premiums this year for the 
profession is £52 million, 
which is up by .»0 per cent on 
the v ear before. 

— & old — 

pays off 

Two readers share the 
weekly Portfolio Gold prize of 

Mr Ray Hughes, aged 40. 
from Wim bourne in Dorset, 
has played the Portfolio Gold 
{tame regularly since it started 
in The Times six months ago. 

Mr Hughes, who is a re- 
tailer, said that he could not 
believe his luck “It still hasn't 
sunk in yet I suppose 1 should 
be doing hand-stands, but lam 
suffering from a lack of 

Mr Hughes said that be 
intended investing his 
winnings while debating bow 
to spend it. "I'll have to think 
about it for a while, but III 
probably spend some of the 
money on a good holiday,** be 

The other winner is Miss M 
Potts, from Macclesfield in 

There were no daily winners 
on Saturday. 

Readers who would like to 
play the game can obtain a 
Portfolio Gold card by sending 
a stamped addressed envelope 

Portfolio Gold, 

The Times. 

PO Box 40, 


BB1 6AJ. 

M25 gains 
five miles 

A further five miles of the 
M25. linking existing sections 
from the west to the Ml. will 
be opened tomorrow simply by 
the removal of cones 
The new section, north of 
Watford, will leave only one to 
complete the orbital route 
round London. Those final 
eight miles will be opened 
formally with an official cere- 
mony and ihe cutting of a tape 
on October 29. 

• • 


<• •> 

J. vi.- ii 
•: -■* v 

i- *•«:- a. 

* i 

deuce » 



delays cost 
‘£1 billion 

Incompetent switchboard 
operators could be costing 
Britain more than £1 billion a 
year in wasted stafTfime and 
higher telephone bills. 

The Telecom Users’ Associ- 
ation has calculated thrift 15 to 
20 per cent of telephone bills 
are accounted for by holding 
time, when a switchboard 
operator claims to- be “just 
pultin&yo.u through". 

Expressed asa percentage of 
British Telecom’s annual 
£4.537 million turnover on 
calls, that would account for 
more than £8Q0 million of the 
national telephone bill. 

BTs Voicebank message 
service has calculated that 
Britain's 10 million office 
workers spend up to a week 
each year waiting for calls to 
be connected. - 

Taking an office worker's 
average salary to be £10.000, 
that represents £200 million 
of wasted time. 

A spokesman for the associ- 
ation said: “Research has 
shown lhat it is usually 
cheaper never lo bold, and 
simply to ring back later”. 

Catholics may use 
Pill after rape 

By Clifford Longley, Religions Affairs Correspondent 

Roman - Catholic women 
who have been raped may take 
a Imge dose of the “morning 
after” birth control pfl] to 
.protect themselves from 
becoming pregnant, and' Rch 
mair Catholic doctors may 
prescribe it for themv accord- 
ing to the latest guidance from 
an official church committee 
on medical ethics. 

The treatment, using the 
hormone ooestrogen. is al- 
lowed by the Roman Catholic 
Church providedit is used as a 
contraceptive and not to cause 
an abortion, the committee 

It has reiterated and ex- 
panded some advice it gave 
earlier this year, and defended 
itself from the criticism that it 
was countenancing abortion. 
Although the treatment can 
involve a risk of abortion, -it 
says, the risk is permissible. 

The Joint Committee on 
Bio-ethical Issues, which has 
given these rulings, is an 
official agency of the Roman 
Catholic Church ra Britain 
and Ireland, and it is noted for 
its conservative approach to 

ethical and sexual matters. 

The Catholic Church's tra- 
ditional teaching is that 
contraception is sinfuL The 
committee explains, however, 
that that ban Is concerned 
with voluntary sexual inter- 
course within marriage. 

A woman who has been 
sexually assaulted can take 
steps to protect herself from 
the consequences. 

The “morning after ptU” 
prevents ovulation and there- 
fore prevents conception. 

In its latest statement, the 
committee denies that it is 
“commending” the use of the 
pill after rape, or saying that 
contraception is allowable in 

But it adds: “Concern for 
the unborn, and loyalty to 
Catholic teaching, should not 
lead anyone to conceal the 
truth that for women in the 
predicament of rape there are 
possibly some effective self- 
defence choices which in some 
circumstances, they and/or 
their medical advisers might 

Holes in the road 

A bumpy ride for ministers 

The holes in Britain's roads, 
or rather the bumps left after 
repair, are to be studied by a 
new committee. 

The Joint Committee for the 
National Reinstatement 
1 . Specification, JCNRS for 
* short, will meet in the next 
four or five weeks to work out 
an officially approved filling. 

It is not the first committee 
on the topic. The campaign 
against holes stretches back to 
1817, with an "Act for better 

paving, improving and regulat- 
ing the Streets ofthe Metropo- 
lis, and removing and 
preventing Nuisances and 
Obstructions". ■ 

Alas, they continued to 
flourish, made worse by a 
series of Victorian acts which 
gave gas, electricity add water 
authorities wide, rights to dig. 

Last week, when the Roads 
and Traffic Minister, Mr Pe- 
ter Bottomley, inspected a 
pioneering computerized h®fc 
in the City of London, he 
probably did not know that he 
' was peering down at an his- 

f toric problem. 

I Acts of Parliament, commit- 

, ^ working partKJJ^d 

II reports have come and «me, 

, but holes in the road have 

remained, first obstructing 
wagons and horses and now 

lorries and cars. 

The first committee on holes 
io the road was set up in 1938 
and reported a year later. Its 
report, however, was pigeon- 
holed when Hitler’s bombers 
started making even larger 
boles in roads. 

When in .1950 its recom- 
mendations were enshrmedin 
the Public Utilities Street 
W orks Act, they were already 

out of date. . . .. 

The next effort to no me 
road .of. holes M>-l> Jte 
optimistic years of the 196tfcs, 
the decade of Mr Harold 
Wilson's “white heat of 
technology”, with the fornm- 

An offidibriefii forMrPeter Bottomley, tnmister for 
holes in the road. His encounter with a “compntmized hole 
ip the City of London gave lum a common bond with gov- 
ernmentaJ forbears dating back to 1817. 

finally begetting the present 
committee. JCNRS. 

don of a second committee, the 
Committee of the Coordina- 
tion of UndeigroundSemces 
on Buildings Sites, CCUSBS. 

Alas, this first officially ap- 
proved hole system was suit- 
able ouJv for virgin sites. 

Tn the 1970& committees Aim roe noies m me row. 

S’ssrffiEisi tt&tsn&z 

oPher conclude dut helpless ta thcfeceof 
“5 Eflk. 1977 it has inanimate matter. On the 

- This committee has set up a 
a working party on comput- 
erized hides and a system of 
phoning in news of boles. 

And the holes in the road 

.-■I .i . »i.A 

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Leading with technology without leaving you behind. 

i» X V i I I 4 / / / Ii* •V’.'.X VXI ( I M / .'i i . vtr I | f I 'ft 

Police statistics ‘fail to 
show true level’ of 
violent crime in homes 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

The amount of domestic 
violence is being hidden be- 
cause the police are not 
recording the extent of it, 
'according 10 a report now 
being studied by the Metro- 
politan Police. 

■■ The findings, by Miss Susan 
•Edwards, a research fellow at 
the Polytechnic of Central 
London, add to the con- 

Timer. “When a woman with- 
draws the complaint as she 
does in more than SO per cent 
of cases, the matter is then 
written off as ‘no crime’ rather 
than as ‘crimes not proceeded 

Until last year, rape cases 
were recorded by the Metro- 
politan Police only if the 
victim did not wish to with- 

troversy over the validity of draw her complaint, or if the 
police statistics. They are police thought the evidence 
based on an examination of all for prosecution was sufficient 

police records, including 
crime books, for a six-month 
period in two divisional sta- 
tions, Holloway, north 
London, and Hounslow, west 
London, in 1985. 

Miss Edwards says that the 
1 985 figure of 20.242 recorded 
Offences of violence against 
the person for the whole area 
covered by the Metropolitan 
Police would increase to 
27,000 if the recording prac- 
tice for domestic violence was 
changed, and the clear-up rate 
would foil for that offence. 

" Miss Edwards told The 

Now cases are recorded when 
the complaint is made. Miss 
Edwards says. 

Her study shows that with 

Police Response to Domestic 
Violence, which was carried 
out with colleagues from the 
polytechnic, is to find ways of 
improving the police response 
to domestic violence and 
providing a better service for 
victims of crime. 

The study disclosed that, 
although few women reported 
it to the police, violence in- the 
family was agrowing problem. 
About 60300 calls a year are 
received in the Metropolitan 
Police area. Less than 2 per 
cent reached court and only 
0.2 per cent, resulted in a 
custodial or suspended sen- 

domestic violence there is no tenge. 

ITS? &S iJSSSSS -The study's findings come 

policy by the Metropolitan 
Police. Only if women support 
the prosecution is it finally 
entered as a crime in the 

If the crime is not recorded 
it does not officially exist In 
some other police forces, simi- 
lar crimes would be recorded, 
even if not proceeded with. 

The aim of her study, The 

after recommendations in Vi- 
olence against Women , a re- 
port by the Women's National 
Commission, an advisory 
committee to the Govern- 
ment. which are being im- 
plemented by South Wales 

They cover training, with 
specialist courses for women 

Woman in 
rape death 
is charged 

Clash on vetting 
for sex offenders 

By Michael Horsnell 

A woman who allegedly 
stabbed to death the man who 
raped her will appear in court 
today on a charge of murder. 

Scotland Yard said that the 
hearing will be at Marylebonc 
Magistrates’ Court, central 

Police doctors examined the: 
woman, a widow and a 
mother, aged 39, after she 
staggered nearly half a mile 
from the scene of the alleged 
attack, a council flat used by 

They have confirmed that: 
she was raped, although the 
results of forensic science lestsi 
are awaited. 

Other sexual allegations are 
atio under investigation. 

. Neither the woman nor the, 
dead man, aged 24, is being 
named because of the lawj 
preventing rape victims being) 

The woman, who was not a 
squatter, took police to the flat 
on the Mozart Estate, 
Paddington, west London, 
soon after the rape early last 

They found a man lying face 
down with stab wounds in his 
chest and a small pocket knife 
next to his body. A window at 
the flat bad been smashed 
* The woman was arrested 
and driven to Harrow Road 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

A dispute over the Office, instituted a procedure 
confidentiality of criminal to provide pre-employment 

confidentiality or criminal to provide pre-employment 
records which are made avail- criminal record checks to local 
able to local authorities sur- authorities of staff and volun- 

rounds new safeguards against 
sex offenders obtaining jobs 
involving children. 

Councils in England and 
Wales are to investigate all 
new employees whose jobs 
will bring them into contact 
with children to check for past 
criminal convictions. 

The authorities are respond- 

teers who applied to work with 

Those arrangements ex- 
tended to persons in the social 
services, probation service 
and local authority health and 
education departments, pro- 
vided that they bad “substan- 
tial access" to children. 

The move allowing councils 

ing to moves by the Home access to police criminal 
Office for stricter controls, records came after an inauirv 

Office for stricter _ cont rols, records came after an inquiry 
after mounting public concern into the murder of a girl, aged 

at the number of child abuse 

four, by a persistent sex 
offender who was taken on by 

The initiative has drawn a local authority as a baby- 
criticism from the National sitter. 

Council for Civil Liberties, 


whose legal officer. Miss Ma- convictions for offences 
rie Staunton, claimed yes- against children, was jailed for 

terday that it allowed “the 
wholesale transfer of criminal 
records", and lacked adequate 
checks on accuracy 

Miss Staunton said: “There 
is no guarantee of 
confidentiality when the 
information is in the hands of 
the local authorities. 

“We anticipate that cases 

against children, was jailed tor 
life for killing Marie Payne in 

Leonard Grange, a care- 
taker at a primary school in 
south-west London, who had 
previous criminal convic- 
tions, was jailed for life last 
November for murdering a 
pupil, aged nine. 

Mr Tony du Sautoy, social 

will arise leading to court services under-secretary at the 
actions, because if completely Association of County Coun- 

irrelevant or inaccurate cils, said: “We welcome the - 
information is passed on, it is current Home Office proce- 

police station for questioning 
before being charged. 

possible for the person con- dures, but we regret they do 
cerned to challenge under not go for enough. They do not 

before being charged. 

‘ A police spokesman said 
yesterday: “Allegations have 
been made and samples taken. 
When we get the result of rests 
they will probably confirm 
what we believe." 

Article 8 of the European 
Convention on Human 
Rights, as a breach of 

an cover volunteers working out- 
in side the statutory systems, 
of Nor do they cover people 
working with some adults who 

A police spokesman said are equally vulnerable, 
that sill 43 forces in England particularly the mentally 

and Wales had, as a result of a handicapped 
July circular from the Home people." 


Sikhs go on trial oyer Gandhi plot 

By Craig Seton ting in the High Court, granted ately re-arrested. They ar 

Three Sikhs go on trial at 
Birmingham Crown Court to- 
day accused of plotting to 
assassinate Mr Rajiv Gandhi, 
the Indian prime minister, 
during his state visit to Britain 
Iasi year. 

The men, all from Leicester, 
were sent for trial last May 
when Mr Justice Leggatt, sit- 

ting in the High Court, granted 
a rarely- used legal order to 
move a case for trial ro a 
crown court 

The order had been sought 
by the Director of Public 
Prosecutions after a stipen- 
diary magistrate in Leicester 
had discharged the three 

Although the threewere dis- 
charged they were immedi- 

ately re-arrested. They are 
charged with conspiracy to 
murder and soliciting the two 
undercover policemen to kill 
Mr Gandhi last October. 

The accused are Mr Jarnail 
Singh Ranuana, aged 45, a 
company director Savinder 
Singh Gill, aged 30, a dyer; 
and Parmatma Singh 
Marwaha, aged 43. 

She was filthy. 

She was smelly. 
She was cold. 

And she’d never even 
been cuddled. 

A fifteen month old girl was 
recently brought to the attention 
of the NSPCC She didn't have a 
mark on her but she was never- 
theless an extremely harrowing 

When she was born, her 
mother hadn't even bothered to 
provide any clothes for her. 

The parents fought con- 
stantly and there was no parental 

When the NSPCC Inspector 
visited he found the child without 
clean clothes, clean bedding or 
any food in the house. 

A “place of safety" order was 
obtained by the NSPCC and the 
child was successfully placed with 
foster parents. 

■ -■ But there are manv more 

children like this. Helping them 
takes rime and money. 

And the NSPCC's principal 
source of money is people like 
you. Send whatever you can 
afford (£15.43 can protect a 
child for two weeks), using the 
coupon below 

You’ll be helping to heal the 
unseen scars inflicted on hun- 
dreds of unloved children. 

rimn nMppn»«a dddnd endow n^ehequeo”! 
I fatal cuds? 

] c □ £15 HD CaOdD £QZJ8CZ]I 

Am* and Vb aid Mdcn war debit their nm { 

Kevin Lawrence, aged eight, and his 
sister Betty, now almost two, who are in 
hospital for an operation that could 
enable Betty to save her brother's life. 

Kevin was born with an extremely 
rare form of anaemia, which means that 
the slightest knock or tamp braises bin 
very badly. Bad falls can cause him to 
haemorrhage. A search for a smtable 
donor for a bone marrow transplant to 
core Kevin's illness proved unsuccessful 
until Betty was born. 

Yesterday Betty joined her Mg 
brother in St James's Hospital, Leeds, 
for the transplant operation, which will 

take place next weekJOs parents, Mr 
and Mrs Kenneth and Maureen Law- 
rence, of Edinburgh Street, Hull, were 
told their son's flbtess is so rare there is 
only one other person suffering from it In 
the country. 

Mr Lawrence, aged 34, a former 
trawler cook, said: “At time it seemed 
like we would never find a donor to help 
him. Betty Is too young to understand 
that she's saving her brother’s life, bat 
she knows it is very important for her to 
be with him in hospital.” 

Mr and Mrs Lawrence, who have four 
other sons and a daughter, believe 

Car trade 

Third inquiry into 
newsboy’s killing 

By David Cross 
and Richard Owen 

The right of British motor- 
ists to buy right-hand drive 
vehicles on the Continent at 
prices lower than these in 
Britain has been reinforced by 
a new ruling from the EEC, 
according to motor industry 
sources In London and Puis. 

After an investigation by its 
anti-trust department, the 
European Commission in 
Brussels last week found 
Peugeot-Talbot guilty of il- 
legally protecting its sales 
network in the United King- 
don by blocking imports of 
right-hired drive cars from 
other EEC countries. 

By Our Home Affaire Correspondent 

Douglas Hurd, the and prison officers to make his 
ecretary, has ordered a statement." 

Hickey spent 89 days in the 

damage in 
prison riot 

■ Cotmnissieu officials said 
that the company bad indulged 
in such restrictive practices as 
imposing long delivery periods 
and supplementary charges 
for such vehicles. 

Imposing substantial extra 
charges for right-hand drive 
care, compared with those 
levied on left-hand drive ve- 
hicles on sale in Britain, had 
the same effect as a refusal to 
supply right-hand drive ve- 
hicles mi the Continent to 
British purchasers, the of- 
ficials said. 

Such unfair trading prac- 
tices were banned under the 
Treaty of Rome, they added. 

A spokesman for Mr Peter 
Sutherland, the Commissioner 
for Competition, said that 
certain restrictions on com- 
petition between deaims in the 
same network and for the same 
goods were tolerable. 

Home Secretary, has ordered a 
third police inquiry into the 
murder in 1978 of Carl Bridge- 
water, the boy who was foiled 
with a shotgun as he delivered 
newspapers to an isolated 
farm near Stourbridge, in 

The Horae Secretary’s de- 
cision comes after examina- 
tion of documents submitted 
by lawyers for Michael 
Hickey, who is serving a life 
sentence for the murder. The 
prosecution witness who tes- 
tified that Hickey confessed in 
a prison shower to killing the 
boy, aged 13, at Yew Tree 
Farm, now says he lied. 

Mr Brian Sintoti, who 
claimed at the trial in 1979 
that Hickey had told him he 
bad fired the shot that killed 
the boy, said publicly last 
month: “I was set up from 
start to finish." 

He claimed that two prison 
officers told him to strike up a 
conversation with Hickey in 
the shower. “He did not admit 
that he killed Carl Bridgewater 
but I was frightened, and I was 
visited by a prison officer who 
told me word for word what I 
should say.” 

Mrs Ann Whelan, Hickey's 
mother, said: “I am grateful to 
Mr Simon now and admire his 
courage in coming forward. 
He was pressured by the police 

winter of 1983-84 on die roof 
of Gartree Prison protesting 
his innocence. 

Michael Hickey, his cousin 
Vincent Hickey and James 
Robinson, were convicted of 
murder. Patrick Molloy, who 
was convicted of man- 
slaughter, died m prison. 

Two previous police in- 
quiries failed to tum up any 
new evidence to warrant a re- 
trial But after the latest claims 
that the four men were inno- 
cent of shooting the boy, Mr 
Hurd has written to the chief 
constable of Staffordshire and 
invited him to ask an outside 
force to cany out an inquiry, 
the Home Office confirmed. 

Mrs Ann Whelan, Michael 
Hickey’s mother, was dis- 
appointed that there was not 
to be a public inquiry into her 
son's conviction. 

Mr James Nichol, his solic- 
itor. said in a statement 
“There are a number of mat- 
ters of a serious nature which 
cannot be investigated by the 
poiioe and can only be dealt 
with by the Court of Appeal or 
by an independent inquiry. 

“I shall now advise ray 
client as to alternative actions 
that can be initiated in the 
courts on his behalf." 

Clinical trials: 1 

Volunteers lack safeguards 

But such restrictions went 
too far if British motorists 
were viable to obtain else- 
where iir the EEC a model of 
car to die specifications re- 
| qtdred in their own country. 

The Motor Agents Associ- 
ation and the Society of Motor 
Manufacturers and Traders in 
London said that there had 
been a “sizeable trade" in 
right-hand drive cars between 
EEC member states since the 
Community introduced new 
rales to encourage free trade in 
•heir purchase 15 months ago. 

Most research involves test- 
ing new drugs on patients who 
stand to benefit but an 
increasing number of drug 
trials using healthy volunteers 
are being set up. 

Research units are springing 
up in private institutions, 
university departments and 
National Health Service 
premises, and there is concern 
that there are inadequate safe- 
guards to protect the 
volunteers' health, safety and 

Most recruits for hospital 

T wo reports from the Royal College of Physicians have 
highlighted the need for tighter controls over clinical 
trials. In the first of two articles, JiU Sherman looks at 
how those trials are set up and whether they present a 
risk to volunteers 

made up of medical and lay 
members who have no vested 
interest in the company. 

The Royal College of Phy- 
sicians, the British Medical 
Association, the Medical Re- 
search Council and the Associ- 
ation of the British Pharm- 
aceutical Industry have codes 

They recalled that other 
companies such as Ford and 
Fiat bad been forced to change 
their contracts with their deal- 
ers to ensure fair play for 
British motorists after the 
intervention of the 
Conummity's trust-tasters. 

and university research come 
from the stir or students. 

Pharmaceutical companies ***1 

also generally use their own carrying out 

staff. But trials being set up by cU “^ 
commenced companies on be- _The codes, 
half of the pharmaceutical Declaration < 
industry may depend on similar and 
volunteers from the public. obtaining tht 
Those firms advertise m ocplairu 
local newspapers, on the lool tj® 5 °.‘ J*?p 

At present savings can be as 
i much as £5,400 on a Mercedes 
500 SEC and £1,000 on a 
smaller Metro. 

The codes, based on the 
Declaration of Helsinki, are 
similar and concentrate on 
obtaining the person’s con- 
sent, explaining fully the na- 
ture of the trial and ensuring 

radio or by distributing b to- the. trial is scientifically and 
chures through general ^hjcally justified. 

Peugeot-Talbot in Paris 
said that the company would 
be paying a £2,500 fine im- 
posed by the commission for 
giving “incorrect information" 
about its distribution practices 
in Europe. 

It won W also ensure that 
British motorists were able to 
boy right-hand cars at more 
competitive prices in countries 
such as Belgium and West 

Students and 

Although designed to en- 
sure that strict safeguards are 

employed may be attracted to a PPbed t0 all trials they have 
take pari by financial induce- no statutory backing. 

teers to test the drug but has to 
notify the committee of the 
purpose of the trial. The 
protocol has to go to the local 
ethics committee for app- 

After those initial studies 
large random trials involving 
hundreds of patients, often 
performed on a multi-centre 
basis, are carried out to in- 
vestigate safety and efficacy. 
Approval is again needed 
from the ethics committee. 

At all stages the investi- 
gators have to report any side 
effects to the committee. 

After phase three the com- 
pany takes all the evidence to 
the committee and asks for a 
product licence, enabling the 
drug to be marketed for a 
specific purpose. 

But the Royal College of I 
Physicians is concerned that I 

ments, sometimes up to £100 
a day in private units. They 
are unlikely to check whether 

Before a drug can obtain a 
product licence it needs to go 
through three phases of clini- 

the first part of the procedure, 
governed by the Medicines 
Act 1968 protects patients in 
clinical trials but not healthy 

It has recommended that 
proposals for drug studies on 
healthy volunteers involving 
new chemicals and new 
combinations of drugs should 
be reviewed independently 
Tomorrow: False trials 

these centres have full back-up cal testing. Results of the first 
medical facilities in case of phase, involving laboratory 

unforeseen side-effects. 

Private companies have no 
links with local ethics 
committees set up under the 
NHS. but are expected to refer 
the protocol to a committee 

testing of animals has to go to 
the Committee of Safety of 
Medicines to get a clinical trial 

The company is then en- 
titled to use patients or volun- 

Action to sue Christie’s in New York delayed 

By Geraldine Nonaan 

Sale Room Correspondent 

The hearing in New York of 
the case brought against 
Christie’s by Chrisiallina, a 
Swiss-based art investment 
trust, due to open today, has 
been held over. 

Chrisiallina are suing for 
damages, including punitive 
damages, for alleged bad ad- 
vice received over the sale of 
eight important Impressionist 
paintings in 1981. 

The case has already led to 

the resignation of Mr David Sotheby's. 

Bathurst, the London chair- Christie's. look on the out- 
man of Christie's, and poses a come as a grave matter. If 

serious financial threat to the Chrisiallina wins it could open 
firm. The swearing-in ofa jury the floodgates to disgruntled 

was scheduled to start today dients suing auctioneers over 
and the hearing proper on bad advice. If enshrined in 

October 14. 

American law. it could send a 

As in London, dealers 
appear to be hungry for ma- 
terial as the new auction 
season opens. On some attrac- 
tive lots bidding soared be- 
yond expectations. A late 
eighteenth-century French 

It is being held over because lot of auction business back to 
of pressure on court time. A Europe. 

new date is expected to be In New York, on Saturday. 

fixed towards the end of the Sotheby's sale of French and 

year, or early in 1987. 

continental furniture 

There are no indications strong bidding, with a total of 
that an out-of-court settle- £839.485 and only 10 per cent. 

ment is in prospect. 

or 35 lots. left unsold. 

in ormolu, sold for $23,100 
(estimate $8,000-$ 12.000), or 
£16367. while a rococo 
canted and painted console 
table, of Italian manufacture, 
secured $ 1 7,600 (estimate 
$6.0pO-$8.OOO). or £1 2,394. 

act over 


Bv Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs 

Women who harm their 
unborn babies in the womb 
through smoking, drinking or 
taking drugs m pregnancy 
could face prosecution for 
child abuse, ifan appeal is foa 
in the House of Lords tins 


A mother, aged 30, hom 
Reading, who took drags fa 
pregnancy, is appealing 
inst a decision of Berkshin* 

baby at birth because it had 
become addicted to metha- 
done, a heroin substitute. 

1 1 m r'lUwMl'x 11 » ' 

suitable donor would be found for isevu. 

Doctors had given him just four years 
to five. Until now he has had to go to 
hospital every day for a check on a 
sp ecial tube inserted into a main artery 
which allows drugs to be giren and blood 
samples taken without pricking his skin 
every time. 

In hospital yesterday Kevin said he 
hoped that after the operation he would 
be able to play soccer for the first time 
with his friends. 

An inquiry was launched 
yesterday into why 200 pris- 
oners went on the rampage at 
Wymott Prison, Lancashire, 
during Saturday night, causing 
extensive damage. 

It was the second riot in six 
months. Extra prison officers 
and police from throughout 
the county were called to the 
jail as prisoners smashed up 
offices and set fire to furniture. 

In a repeat of the action six 
months ago. when jails faced 
disturbances during the prison 
officers' dispute, inmates were 
injured and the prison was out 
of control. Extensive fires 
were started in administration 
blocks attached to the two 
wings at the centre of the 
trouble as prisoners roamed 
the compound. Chairs were 
thrown through windows and 
the prison canteen was broken 
into and much damaged. 

It took prison staff more 
than five hours to regain 
control as police threw a 
security cordon around the 
isolated jail, which houses 860 

Lancashire Police said that 
at no stage were they asked to 
enter the jaiL Lancashire Fire 
Brigade was also called, but 
the fires were extinguished by 
prison staff. 

Nine prisoners were injured 
in clashes with prison staff. 

The prison was said to be 
operating normally yesterday. 

Berkshire Hospital to March 
last year, was pul into inten- 
sive care after showing fag. 
withdrawal symptoms; Two 
months later she was released 
into the care of foster parents 
who still look after hen 

The case will decide if a 
babv can be removed, cm the 
ground of ill treatment by the 
mother while it was m the 

But the implications go 
wider titan care proceedings. 
The appeal is being dosdy 
watched by lawyers, who say 
that if it is held for the propose 
of care proceedings that a 
mother can barm a foetus, 
then the same could apply to 
criminal proceedings. 

In the United States a 
criminal prosecution is being 
brought against a Californian 
mother. Mrs Rae Stewart, for 
allegedly contributing to her 
son's death by taking amphet- 
amines in pregnancy. 

Her baby, Thomas, . was 
born brain-damaged last 
November and died on New 
Year's Day, with traces of 
amphetamines in his blood. 
The San Diego District 
Attorney's office has lodged 
proceedings. . . 

A decision to prosecute a 
mother in Britain would RSI 
with the Crown Prosecution 
Service, which would have to 
weigh whether a prosecution 
was in the public interest - 

potato picker 

An £89,000 mechanical har- 
vester, which could put an end 
to the backbreaking labour of 
picking potatoes by hand, has 
been developed by Mr Robin 
Upton, a Suffolk fanner, with 
an engineering colleague. 
Acting like a giant vacant 
cleaner, the digger panes 
along the rows, a large fen 
whisking up the potatoes ffld 
blowing them at high velocity 
through a sieve, which re- 
moves the stalks. Gods and 
stones are dumped back fate 
the field. Mr Upton nsed die 
machine, christened the "gen- 
tle giant", to lift his 160 - acre 
crop, which in previous years 
had required anything from 60 
to 100 hand pickers. 

Early Scottish 
town found 

Archaeologists believe they 
have uncovered Scotland's 
earliest town, near the site of a 
ruined early Christian priory 
at Whithorn. Wigtonshire. 

Beneath a medieval ceme- 
tery of 350 graves, they hare 
discovered the remains of two 
houses in “pristine" condition 
which they believe are part of 
a Norse settlement dating 
from the twelfth century. They 
have found combs, lead ves- 
sels and dress pins, suggesting 
a prosperous community, and 
other finds indicate that the 
settlement was a centre of 
trade and manufacture. 

Mr Peter Hill the excava- 
tion director, says the discov- 
ery promises rich rewards. 


smear claim 

Detectives were investigat- 

ing yesterday why divorce 
documents or Mr Christopher 
Brocklebank-Fowler, fanner 
Conservative MP, were deliv- 
ered to houses in King’s 
Lynn, Norfolk during a. local 
by-election campaign. 

The papers gave his wife 
Mary's reasons for bringing a® 
undefended action last Janu- 
ary. Mr Brocklebank-Fowler, 

now SDP parliamentary can- 
didate for North - West. Nor- 
folk. said it was an attempt to 
besmirch him. 

TV advice on 


Conservation advice for 
farmers will feature for the 
first time in a television series. 
Farm Focus, this autumn. 

Television South and ICI 
have combined to produce a 
series of films on wildlife 
protection, woods and hedges, 
effluent disposal, pesticides, 
and the construction and re- 
pair of farm buildings. 

£5 to bring 
back Worzels 

Fanners at Ryedale, North 
Yorkshire, are being offered 
£5 from the rates to replace : 
their hi-tech bird-scarers with 
traditional Worzel 

The aim is not to scare the 
birds, but to attract holiday* : 

makers. Ryedalehopesto have 
an extra SO traditional scare- 

crows in place by next 


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Reluctant beneffoiary of Daniloff affair 

Qrtov flies from Siberia 
to freedom after being 
stripped of citizenship 


^ rotn Christopher Walker, Moscow 





4uair was played oulvS- 
lerday morning at Moscow's 
international airnorL*Jh^ 

the dissiden; ASS 

? 0 CU ™- Yuri Oriov Sw 

exfohfv&i? re,ease fivm 

serif. no Srt) 1 na ' where he was 
serving a five-year term of 

internal banishment, was pan 

of the pnce demanded by die 

whJk e c ,9 ntrov ers»a1 deaJ 

S?r? l i as TS! 35 md,J ding Mr 

vnfi 0a fK Dani,oflr * ■*» in- 

NU„ d v lh f re L urn here from 
^ork of Dr Gennady 
Mkharov. the Soviet physicist 
charged with espionage. 

.western reporters were de- 
nied any sight of Dr Orlov, 
who spent the past few days in 
Moscow s Brim Lefortovo 

once a fiery red. had now 
turned grey. 

Much of the damage to his 
health was said to have oc- 
curred in a labour camp In the 
Ural mountains,, where be 
spent months in solitary 
confinement after protesting 
against conditions. 

Dr Orlov's departure has 
left the spotlight of Western 
pressure groups directed on 
Dr Andrei Sakharov, the No- 
bel peace prize winner, who is 
exiled in the closed city of 

Relatives have recently ex- 
pressed hope that be might 
secure his freedom as a result 
of the meeting between Mr 
Gorbachov, the Soviet leader, 
and President Reagan in 

Dr Sakharov — like Dr 
Orlov and Mr Anatoly 
Shcharansky, the Jewish ac- 

camp and five years more in 
internal exile. 

Yesterday, his wife, an an- i 
isL spoke tearfully about their 
reluctance to leave the Soviet 
Union. When she arrived at 
the airport with a senior US 
diplomat travelling with them 
she looked bewildered and 
distraught as she prepared to 
make her first-ever journey 

■ ■ . "• . a 


Moscow iaP) - Mr Ivan 
Arkhipov, aged “n. First Dep- 
uty Premier and a Kremlin 
specialist on Asian affairs, has 
retired lor health rcasonS, 
Tass reported vesterdav. > - 
!t said that the Presidium 
of the Supreme Soviet •‘re- 
lieved Ivan Arkhipov of his 
obligations ns First Deputy 
Premier in connection with 
his retirement for reasons df 

t0,d of tiv *« w ho ’left the Soviet 
fl h ^«hll^ S,Ca 10 w hich years in Union in February — was a 

a labour camp and then exile 
had taken. 

. Mr Aleksandr Orlov, a son 
t>y Dr Orlov’s first marriage, 
who visited his father on 
Saturday, said that he had lost 
all his teeth and that his hair. 

prominent member of the 
now defunct group set up to 
monitor the human rights 
provisions of the 1975 Hel- 
sinki Accords. 

In May 1978, Dr Orlov was 
sentenced to seven years in a 

Dr Orfov. aged 62, was kept 
apart from the other pas- 
sengers and boarded the plane 
alone. He has been stripped of 
his Soviet citizenship, but his 
wife has been given a passport 
which she can use to visit the 
Soviet Union provided she 
does not make statements 
which the Kremlin deems 

Mrs Orlova made it plain 
that she and her husband were 
leaving against their wilL 

Asked about her husband's 
surprise release, she sai± 
“Yuri never wanted to emi- 
grate. He is Russian and he 
loves this country. I expect 
that in America he will con- 
tinue with his scientific work. 

The official limousine of Mr Gorbachov forming part of the Soviet advance party for the summit at Reykjavik airport, 

Summitry spells opportunity for the 
enterprising residents of Reykjavik 

back safely 

Soviet pledge on Nicaragua 

From A Correspondent 
Mexico City 

Mr Eduard Shevardnadze, 
the Soviet Foreign Minist er, 
wound up his two-day visit to 
Mexico saying that the Soviet 
Union did “not intend to 
improve relations with Mexico 
at the cost of other nations' 
interests and a gamvt die 
prevailing realities**. 

However, the indirect re- 
assurance to the US was 
accompanied by criticism of its 
role in Central America. 

Mr Shevardnadze denied 
that the Soviet Union had any 
miifrary presence in Nica- 
ragna. “We never had one, not 
even mfiitaxy advisers. We 
have given material help 
within om 1 limits,* he said. 

Pressed to state whether the 
Soviet Union would send miU- 
fcary aid hi the event of US 
forces entering Nicaragua, he 
said: “We have no plans for 
militar y aid. We feel that the 
world community, won't permit 
US military intervention." 

Mr Shevardnadze claimed 

that Soviet forces bad begun to 
withdraw from Afghanistan. 
“But our prime condition is 
that no one else intervenes 
there," he said. 

“Each nation has the right i 
to choose its role for develop- 
ment. Nicaragua, too. No 
other state has the right to 
interfere,*’ he said. 

• Next stage: Mr Shevard- 
nadze left Mexico yesterday to 
fly to Cuha for what he called a 
working meeting of a few 
boors before returning to Mos- 
cow (AP reported). 

Reporter denies bond with captors 

From Brian James 

Daring those bleakly 
embarrassing days of the fish- 
eries war the Icelanders were 
apt to tell us that all that stood 
between them and starvation 
was the cod. That was. of 
course, before they discovered 

The selection of Reykjavik 
as the improbable venue for 
the meeting next weekend 
between President Reagan and 
Mr Gorbachov was made pre- 
cisely becanse of its 

The last time Reykjavik was 
in the international spoffight 
was when Boris Spassky and 
Bobby Fischer met there for 
the world chess championship 
in 1972. 

But clearly a spirit of 
commercial enterprise, so 
finely boned as to do credit to 
an oriental bazaar, has 
reached here on some way- 
ward tide. 

Iceland became “the new 
Klondike** wi thin boors of an 
announcement which «m«\ 
according to the Iceland Gov- 
ernment spokesman, Mr Jon 
Magnnsson, “like a delayed 
Apru Fool joke — we are a 
tranquil town and it scared ns 
to death*. 

The Klondike phrase was 
chosen by a taxi driver as we 

waited at a traffic light and 
observed a restaurant owner 
ripping menus with old prices 
from his window. The driver 
spoke with the gloom of a man 
who knows that what was on 
tus meter was all he was going 
to get. 

To be fair, the fleeced can be 
said to be throwing themselves 
on to the shears. A hotelier 
visited by the advance maw for 
an American television net- 
work was asked: “How mnch 
to rent the entire hotel?" 

The Icelander uttered a 
figure with so many zeros he 
had seen it used only once 
before in an article on astrol- 
ogy. “Done* said the tele- 
vision man. 

A rival US television fixer 
called on the owner of a 200- 
vehide taxi company. “I want 
to hire all your cars. All day, 
every day for the week." 
Opportunism struggled with 
obligation, and the owner set- 
tled for letting him have half 
his fleet 

My own nastiest moment 
thus far was to inquire after 
the use of an office with a telex 
machine. No problem, came 
the answer. That will be $500 
(£344) a day. This dispatch, 
therefore reaches yon via 

Dwelling on such bizarre 
extremes, however, does dis- 
service to a tiny country. 

Washington (Reuter) — The 
LIS journalist. Mr Nicholas 
Da nil off said yesterday that 
he did not develop any bond 
with his Soviet captors and 
did hot weaken-during his !3 
days in prison. 

In an account, published by 
US News and Worid Report, 
Mr DanflofF describe&how six 
KGB agents handcufied : fiim 
and took him to the Ldbrtovo 

He wrote that he was 
interrogated for 30 hours over 
two weeks in sessions some- 
times lasting four hours, as he 



denied spying 

"I never signed any docu- 
ment that said I agreed with 
the charges. 

“I never had any illusions 
about the KGB or the Soviet 
system of government The 
state's power is limitless and 
abusive: And yet what hap- 
pened 4o me doesn't change 
my .view that the Russian 
people and the American peo- 
ple must put their-relations on 
a stable basis. We've got to get 
to know each other.” 

If his case had come to trial, 
he would not have spoken in 
his defence and would not 
have answered questions. 
“But at the end I would get my 
last word, a statement attack- 
ing the entire thing as a farce.” 

Mr Danfloflf wrote that he 
was concerned by reports that 
be might have weakened and 
was developing the so-called 
Stockholm syndrome, a bond- 
ing with his captors. “I did not 
develop any bond with (KGB 
Colonel Valery Dmttrovich) 
Seigdeyev. It ..was always 
unpleasant,'' he wrote. 

3. X 1 ’ VMif , A. 

'j&Z M * 

The waterfront Hofdi House, where the talks will take place. 

Iceland's population is 
250,000. who have seized the 
task allotted them b> the 
superpowers with an elan not 
far short of heroic. 

More typical of Iceland's 
attitude is Mr Kjartan 
Larnssnn. chairman nr the 
Tourist Board, who worked 
until 430 am yesterday and 
who was to be 'found back at 
his desk at 830 am. unshaien 
and breakfasting on a choc- 
olate bar. 

“Our hope is that what is 
achieved before the final hand- 
shake of the two leaders will 
become famous; that people 
will talk of the 'Iceland 
Accord*. Yes. a good image for 
our nation, that is why we do 
all this.” 

His “all this” is the task of 
fitting into Reykjavik's 1,600 
beds, already 85 per cem 
booked by tourists and 
businessmen, the 700 officials 
and press following the US 
President, the 350 of the 
Soviet party and the 1.600 
international press and tele- 
vision corps that has already 
begun to arrive on every 
aircraft, screaming its 

“That is about 2,600 for 
1,600 beds. Impossible, natu- 
rally. But we are helped 
because of the numbers of 
tourists who cancelled. Then 
we set a team of 15 people to 
knock on houses. Now we have 
500 more bedrooms in private 
homes and tomorrow the flo- 
tilla will arrive.” 

The flotilla is a Norwegian 
cruise ship, soon to be followed 
by two more Soviet liners, dne 
to anchor In Iceland's harbour 
to provide accommodation for 
sound men from Saudi Arabia, 
commentators from Cape 
Town, photographers from the 
Philippines and anyone else 
who cannot bed down on dry 

The cost of a berth on a 
cruise that's going nowhere 
will be $250 a day. twice the 

con ire! led room-rent of a ho- 
tel. “But someone has to pay 

for the six day's steaming to 
get those boats to us,” said Mr 
Larusson. “There is profiteer- 
ing; we don't deny that bnt 
where we can take control we 

Some suffering will be sto- 
ically borne by Iceland's in- 
vaded population. At. for 
example, the schools closing 
down for the duration to 
provide press centres. 

There were few complaints 
yesterday morning either at 
the church where a commu- 
nion preparation class was 
cancelled to clear the wjy for 
the enterprising islanders to 
set up a scale h radio station to 
broadcast a daily sen ice (u 
their guests in English. 

One man too busy to talk 
was the police chief. Mr 
Podiar Brajason. locked up 
with several of those ibick-sct 
men from America and Russia , 
already on the island, who can 
be seen in corners looking 
worried or whispering up their 

But one of his instructors 
ran through the force at his 
command: no army but- 220 
regular policemen in Reyk- 
javik. plus half that number of 
coastguards and several hun- 
dred students who have done 
two months auxiliary training 

They also have au anti- 
terrorist squad of a dozen men 
and officers, which has not, it 
was admitted, had much 

Since Iceland's indepen- 
dence in 1944 they have had to 
deal with no more stealthy a 
threat than a jet from a fire- 
hose or a well-aimed fish head 
daring the cod war. 

Nonetheless there was a 
keenness in the security men 
already camped ont in the 
Hofdi House, the three-storey 
white clapboard building on 
the waterfront where -Mr 
Reagan and Mr Gorbachov 
will talk. 

Bangkok (Renter! - An 
Australian journalist wnuiui- 
ed in Cambodia and a (> 
nod tan colleague taken all 
lb ere have crossed safely mill 
Thailand. Thai military 
suurccs said. j" 

They son! Australian David 
Nascr. and Canadian Robert 
karmol appeared to tv in 
| good condition after three 
; weeks in Cambodia. * 

Drug swoop ! 

Karachi t Reuter » — Paki- 
stani narcotics agents have 
arrested eight Tanzanians and 
a Nieenan in anti-smuggltpg 
operation:, m Karachi, ic- 
curif* sources said 

Poison death 

Peking i.XFPl - .A 24- v enf- 
old woman killed herseif by 
taking. ptuvM rather thin 
marry the man chosen by her 
parents against her will, the 
li wi/i Ikuir said. 

120 banished 

Tehran ( Reuter! — .Anoihct 1 
I2u Iranian drug addicts have 
been banished to uu unnamed 
island colony m the Gulf use^ 
as a rehabilitation centre. 

New trial 

IX'troit (Reuter) — John Dj* 
Lorca n. the former General 
Motors executive, ucquitlt^ 
two years ago in a cncainj* 
case, goes on trial again today- 
accused of defrauding invc%. 
tors in his sports car firm. >« 

Church head 

Belgrade (Reuter) — Thu- 
Macedonian Orthodox 
Church has named Metropolis 
tan Gavrilo of the Vardan 
region its new bead ant£ 
promoted him to the rank of 

Athens blasts - 

Athens (Reuter) — Fofrr 
time-bombs damaged govern-, 
mem offices in suburbs O t 
Athens, but there were no 
reports of casualties. X- 


Crippled Soviet submarine 

Quick admission 
will help summit 

Atom emergency 
treaty put to test 

delta job 

Salvador peace march 

From -Christopher Walker, Moscow 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

From Robert Schnil 

The Kremlin's swift and 
unprecedented announcement 
of Friday's serious fire which 
crippled a Soviet nuclear sub- 
marine in the western Atlantic 
was seen by observers here as 
a successful move to defuse 
any tension vrith the US over 
the incident in advance of this 
week's crucial ' pre-summit 
meeting in Iceland. 

It is understood that as with 
last month's prompt release of 
information about the sinking 
of the liner, the Admiral 
Nakhimov with the loss of 
nearly 400 lives, the order for 
the publication of news about 
the submarine fire came' di- 
rectly from Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov, the Soviet leader. 

Senior diplomatic sources 
noted that the decision to 
inform the Reagan Admin- 
istration directly about the 
accident (through the US Em- 
bassy here) and to report it 
openly on Tass, contrasted 
sharply with the long delay 
before the Kremlin was pre- 
pared to make an admission 
about the Chernobyl nuclear 
disaster on April 26. 

The first announcement of 
die accident by Tass came in 
die form of an 11-line ctmmra- 
niqne winch was published oh 
the agency's international 
wiremore than 24 hours after 
fire swept through part of the 
Yankee 1 class submarine on 
patrol in the Atlantic. 

“A fire brake out in a 
compartment of a Soviet 
nuclear-power^ submarine 
with ballistic missiles on 
board, which was in an area 
some 1,000 kilometres north- 
east of the Bermuda islands, 
on the morning of October 3, 
1986,” the official Soviet ac- 
count said. 

“The submarine's crew and 
other Soviet ships, which 
sailed np to help, are dealing 
with the consequences of the 
fire. There are casualties 
aboard the' submarine. Three 
persons (Bed. After analysing 
the situation, an expert 

The crippled Russian 
nuclear submarine, wallowing 
in the Atlantic Ocean with 16 
nuclear missiles on board, 
provided the first test of an 
international convention 
signed 10 days ago. 

The agreement among ra- 
tions to give early warning of a 
nuclear accident that might 
threaten' a neighbour follows 
the Chernobyl nuclear reactor 
disaster. The two superpowers 
were the first of 52 countries 
to sign. 

It seems certain that the 
submarine's whereabouts was 

aerial from the submarine for 
low -frequency communica- 
tions that are difficult to tap. 

Wfth the summit meeting 
on hand, the superpowers 
agree that the submarine 
presents no nuclear threat. 
Neverthless, it could severely 
pollute the environment if it 
sank, or if it was damaged by 
an explosion of machinery. 

Since any submarine 
propulsion system must be 
compact, the submarine 
nuclear reactor has special 
characteristics to provide a lot 
of power in a small space. Fuel 

known as a chain of US seabed or power in a small space, l-uei 
microphones from north of » very hi^ily enriched ura- 
Bermuda to south of Cuba - mum-235, most of which is 
monitor constantly the vibra- ~burai up” on a long voyage 


tions of ships' engines above 
and below the eastern Atlantic 
ocean surface. 

Satellites monitor the sub- 
marines when they leave their 
bases . and they are sub- 

reached the condnsson that 
there is no danger of any 
un a uthori zed action of weap- 
ons, a nuclear explosion or a 
radioactive contamination 

Moscow sequentiy tracked by infra-red 

surveillance of heat trails from 
their cooling water discharges. 

A third type of satellite 
looks for the tiny buoy — the 
only surface sign of a radio 

in a pressurized, water-cooled 

When newly-refuelled, the 
reactin’ core — with enough 
energy for more than 150,000 
cruising miles — is a potential 
bomb. The severity of radio- 
active fall-out from a 
Chernobyl-type explosion ai 
sea would depend on the 
length of time the reactor had 
been running. 

The Netherlands delta 
works, the hugest flood 
protection scheme in the 
world, which took 33 years, 
£2.4 billion and 12,000 people 
to build, is finished. ^ 

The decision to embark on 
the scheme was taken after 
nearly 2,000 people drowned 
in February. 1953, 

The scheme shortened the 
Dutch coastline by 440 miles, 
dosing off all the estuaries in 
the delta where the Rhine, the 
Maas and the Schelde flow 
into the North Sea, but leaving 
Rotterdam and Antwerp acce- 

The Duke and Duchess of 
York, attending the opening 
ceremony as guests of Queen 
Beatrix of The Netherlands, 
were involved in an accident 
yesterday in The Hague when 
tbeir embassy car crashed into 
the back of an escorting 
vehicle, which braked un- 
expectedly for a traffic light. 
No one was injured and a 
spokesman for - the British 
Embassy described the dam- 
age as “limited”. 

San Salvador (Reuter) — 
About 15,000 peasants and 
workers marched through the 
capital yesterday to demand 
an end to El Salvador’s seven- 
year civil war and to protest at 
proposed government auster- 
ity measures. 

It was the biggest anti- 
government demonstration 
since May I, witnesses said. 

Security forces kept a low 
profile during the march but 
organizers said police on the 
outskirts of the city prevented 

many would-be participants 
from entering. 

The marchers waved ban- 
ners and chanted slogans urg- 
ing the Government and left- 
wing guerrillas to seek a 
negotiated solution to the war. 
in which more than 60.000 
Salvadoreans have been 

Sydney (Reuter) — Dozens 
of people collapsed froqfe 
exhaustion as 200,000 peoplb 
crowded open days on wasn 
ships visiting Sydney Harbojur 
to help the Royal Australian. 
Navy celebrate its 75t^‘ 
anniversary. ** 

Fishing deal 

Peace talks proposed for last 
month fell through when nei- 
ther side could agree on 

Madrid — An agreement - 
which will allow Spanish 
fishermen to return to .a 
disputed zone in the Bay of 
Biscay under French jurisdic- 
tion was announced by Scnor 
Carlos Romero. Spain’s Min- 
ister of .Agriculture anr^ 

3M Whisper Telex 


Nuclear pact checks failed to stop Israel bomb 

by Pearce Wright 
Science Editor 

The daim yesterday that 
Israel is stockpiling the ma- 
terial necessary for assem- 
bling H-bombs indicates a 
failure of international mea- 
sures to prevent the prolifera- 
tion of components for making 
nuciear weapons from os ten-, 
sibly civil instaflatfons. 

The destructive power alleg- 
edly accumulated could cause 
untold damage to Israel, as 

well as her enemies, if released 
in the confined geography of 
the Middle East. 

It is a reminder of the so- 
called Masada complex, some- 
times attributed to Israeli 
military thinking, ft is i the 
strategy of last resort m which, 
in the face of defeat, every- 
thing is sacrificed. 

An underground bomb fac- 
tory at Dimona, in the Negev 
desert, described by Tbe Sun- 
day Times yesterday, is raid to 
be beneath tbe site of two 
nuclear research reactors, 
which are registered as imder 
iitf safeguard controls ' of the 
International' Atomic Energy 
Agency. However. Israel does 

not subscribe to the foil 
nuclear weapons Non-Pro- 
liferation Treaty. 

The most terrifying part of 
the new report shows bow 
Israeli scientists have pro- 
gressed to a second generation 
nuclear bomb design, with 
thermo-nuclear explosives. 

Photographs and drawings 
provided by a disenchanted 
technician from Dimona, Mr 
Mordechai Vammu, .who has 
since disappeared, showed in 
detail the equivalent of a 

Sellafield unclear fuel repro- 
cessing plant of six storeys, 
bnflt below the Negev desert. 
Storage or disposal of the 
waste, particularly the con- 
taminated water, most present 
horrendous problems. 

The revelation also offers a 
wider explanation for the Is- 
raefi attack on Iraq five years 
ag®, which destroyed -die. 
Osirak unclear research re- 
actor. It was claimed from 
intelligence sources that weap- 
ons-grade materia! was being 

How a Hydrogen Bomb works 

Fisston/fuston device 

Lithium 6,Deuteride 
' & Tritrlda 








Explosives in segments 
with Individual detonators, 
controlled by detonating -system 


diverted from Osirak. 

Yesterday's report dem- 
onstrates an almost inconceiv- 
able Israeli expansion, in 
terms both of the secrecy ur 
which it was done and tech- 
nical expertise. The first re- 
port of the use of the Dimona 
rite for producing military 
material was in The Tima 12 
years ago. 

The same unclear research 
reactors are still making plato- 
nium, under die guise of 
acquiring expertise lor com- 
mercial nuclear development, 
for the Israeli Atomic Energy 
Commission. Yet these ma- 
chines are under a system of 
scrutiny by the International 
Atomic Energy Agency in- 
tended to detect diversion of 
weappns-grade material from 
tiril installations. 

An extraordinary aspect of 
Middle East nuclear affairs is 
that both die Israeli and die 
Iraqi research reactors, 
though of different types, were 
provided by France. 

The French have repeated 
frequently that they have not 
supplied any. chemical repro- 
cesring technology for the 

extraction of pfatoumn from 
fuel. But Israel has collabo- 
rated On die development of 
nuclear energy with South 
Africa, which has developed 
technology for extracting plu- 
tonium from uranium fuel 

International safeguards 
concentrate on stopping nu- 
clear fuel from large commer- 
cial power stations being 
diverted for weapons. 

.But tbe Israeli development 
is a miniature replica of the 
rente by which America, Rus- 
sia and Britain produced 
atomic bombs long before the 
use of nuclear power for 
electricity generation was con- 

The main difference is in the 
size of the reactors in the 
various programmes. The 
United States factories at 
Hanford, in Washington state, 
and tbe Windscaie piles, in 
Cumbria, contained several 
tons of uranium fuel. 

The larger of the two Israeli 
research installations, a heavy 
water reactor, which came into 
operation in 1963, holds less 
than half a ton of uranium. 

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Sleepy French hamlet 
turned into an armed 

camp for visit of Pope 

Paray-le-MoniaJ (AP) - 
Tajz ** a tiny village nestling 
on a hillside and normally an 
oasis of tranquillity in Bur- 
gundy. acquired the aura of an 
armed camp yesterday as. in 
common with all the Pope's 
stops on his current tour, 
massive security was in ev- 
idence everywhere. 

Pathways used for contem- 
plative walks were patrolled 
by armed gendarmes; a belt- 
tower was convened into a 
watchtower, with sharpshoot- 
ers at the ready, and security 
police peered out from corn- 
fields and cow pastures 
shrouded in the early morning 

fo V Pope visited the small 
ecumenical religious commu- 
nity to address 600 faithful 
gathered in an interlocking 
tent and church. 

The non-denominational 
Christian community and its 
Church of the Reconciliation, 

visited by as many as 2.000 
pilgrims a week, many of them 
young, was praised by the 
Pope as a work recognized as a 
symbol of a “springtime of the 

The community's 80 Prot- 
estant and Catholic brothers 
from 20 countries pray for the 
reunification of ail Christian 

The Pope was greeted by 
Brother Roger, the 7 1 -year-old 
son of a Swiss Protestant 
clergyman, who founded the 
Taize community during the 
Second World War. and who 
has counselled many Popes. 

The Pope described the 
retreat as a potent force for 
unity among religions in the 
world and termed ecumenism 
as one of his “pastoral 

He was aware of the unique 
and original vocation of the 
brothers which “may meet 
with lack of understanding 

and suspicion. But because of 
your passion for the reconcili- 
ation of all Christians I am 
sure that you will know how to 
continue to be available to do 
the will of the Lord." 

Later during his homily at 
Mass, the Pope returned to the 
offensive against abortion and 

He urged Catholics to work 
at conserving “a heart of flesh, 
a heart that has a human 
sensibility and a heart that lets 
itself be conquered by the 
Holy Spirit". 

On the second day of a four- 
day visit to France, he de- 
scribed the increasing 
numbers of broken families 
and abortions as “signs of a 
real and true sickness that hits 
at people, couples, children 
and society itself". 

On several occasions he 
used the image of “spring- 
li me" to urge a spiritual 
rebirth for French Catholics. 

Marcos to sue Manila for $10m 

Former President Marcos is 
seeking to sue the Philippine 
Government for $10 million 
(£6.9 million) on the ground 
that it was seizing his property 
and damaging his reputation 
(Our Foreign Staff writes). 

Mr Marcos named the 
United Slates in a court 
motion, filed in Honolulu, as a' 

co-conspirator, but not as a 
defendant He said in his suit 
that the US was preventing 
him from going home. Con- 
gress was spreading details of 
his personal life and US 
Customs were holding his 

It was announced in Manila 
yesterday that President 

Aquino would pay a state visit 
to Japan next month. 

Meanwhile. Philippine 
Government forces and Com- 
munist rebels agreed to a 
ceasefire in Quezon province 
to allow negotiations on the 
release of two captured 

Two children in Burgundian folk costume sharing confidences with the Pope on his arrival at 
the village of Paray-le-Monial yesterday, the second day ofhis visit to France. 




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Turin shroud mystery 

Go-ahead given 
for dating tests 

From Peter Nichols, Rome 

The Pope has given per- 
mission for carbon tests to be 
carried oat to establish the age 
of the Holy Shroud of Turin, 
and he may have opened the 
way to a decisive answer to the 
long-debated question of its 

Turin's shroud is the piece 
of linen doth which is tra- 
ditionally regarded as tile 
winding-sheet in which the 
body of the crucified Jesus was 
wrapped when taken down' 
from the cross. 

As snch the Turin shroud 
has been the subject of great 
veneration through the centu- 
ries. It is kept in a special 
chapel added to the cathedral 
for its safekeeping. 

The shroud was the prop- 
erty of the House of Savoy 
from medieval times unto the 
late ex-King Umberto of Italy 
willed it to the present Pope. 

Hie shroud is jealously . 
protected and shown to the 
public only rarely. The last 
time was in 1978, when the 
Pope, then a cardinal, was . 
among pilgrims who went to 
Turin to see it 

The request was made then 
to test the age of the doth by 
scientific methods. The fact 
that the Pope has now heeded 
that request will be widely 
welcomed, especially by those 
who applaud his view that 
religious belief and scientific 
inquiry should not be regarded 
as necessarily in conflict. 

The Pope has ordered sci- 
entists to have the report ready 
for publication by Easter 1988- 

Jn addition to reporting on 
the shroud's estimated ape. 
they win be asked to examine 
die doth in all its aspects and 
also the highly intriguing 
marks, which reveal not only 
the imprint of a face bst also 
signs consistent with Hogging 

These marks were either left 

by a mixture of Mood and 
sweat or, if one takes the view 
of tie sceptics, were fabricated 
by a clever medieval forger. 
The investigation should 
throw light on that fun- 
damental question. 

The idea of an imitation 
d ong in medieval times derives 
from the fact that a relic 

revered as a shroud was known 

to be . in Constantinople in 
1204. After that nothing was 
heard of it until its app ea r anc e 
in France in 1363. 

Bst was the shroud, now in 
Tnrin, the same one the 
Crusaders saw in Constantino- 
ple? And was that one a 
genuine relic? 

So Ear the only indication, 
apart from long tradition of 
belief in its genuineness, is 
that pollens have been identi- 
fied m the fabric which sug- 
gested that it originated in 
ancient Palestine, while traces 
are also said to have been 
found of human dements in 
the marks. . 

Druze raze homes 
of Lebanon Shias 

From Robert Fisk, Jiyeb 

In one of the most sys- 
tematic acts of destruction to 
have taken place in Lebanon 
in the past two years, Druze 
militiamen of Mr Walid 
Jumblatt’s Progressive Social- 
ist Party have razed the homes 
of hundreds of Shia Muslims 
in the coastal town of Jiyeb, 
apparently intent on turning 
the Mediterranean seaboard- 
in this part ofLebanon into an 
exclusively Druze fkfdom. 

Most of the Shia of this 
town have moved into the 
homes of Christians, who had 
been evicted by the Druze 
during a six-hour battle in the 
Spring of last yeanbut the new. 
Shia inhabitants, themselves 
refugees from other parts of 
the country, thought they had 
found safety, from the war 
affecting the reft ofLebanon. . 

They were wrong. Over the 
past two weeks, I have 
watched bulldozers driving 
into' the walls and supporting 
pillars of the two-storey villas 
on the coast road, while their 
Shia occupants watched help- 
lessly from the grass and fields 
next to their homes. 

In some cases, families were 
given only a few hours to drag 
their cheap furniture from 
their homes before the demo- 
lition teams moved in to levd 
the houses in front of them. 

In one case, when the Druze 
were unable to demolish a 
lhree-storey building with 
bulldozers, they placed explo- 
sive charges beside the stone 
pillars outside the front doors 
and blew the house to pieces. 

Jiyeh, which stands halfway 
between Beirut and Sidon, 
now resembles a battleground, 
with little more than a power 
station, two rows of shops and 
a clutch of Druze homes to 
marie its presence on the map. 

The irony of this drama — 
and in Lebanon.the ironies are 
cruel and pointed — is that 
when the Duze captured the. 
town from the Christian 
Phalangist militia last year, 
Shia Muslims took part in 
looting and stealing Christian 

.The Marcmite church here 
was desecrated and then 
blasted to the ground with 
gelignite after the town was 
occupied. But now the Shias 
themselves have become the 
victims of the same tactics. 

I saw Druze gunmen stand- 
ing on the roadway while Shia 
families sat atopa pile of sofas 
and chairs watching their' 
homes being demolished in 
front of them. 

There is little doubt about 
the reasons for this- extraor- 
dinary but deliberate de~ 

* population. None of the Shias 
of Jiyeh have been harmed but 
the Druze have long main- 
. rained that the Chouf raoun- ! 
rains ^nttfhe. coastline to the 
west are their territory. - 

■ And the growing political 
and military power of the 
Shias, especially in southern 
Lebanon, has caused deep 
concern to the Druze who fear 
that their own mountain do- 
main, which Mr Jumblatt 
rules from the picturesque 
hamlet of Moukhtara, could 
in years to come fall under the 
domination of the, country’s 
largest community. 

There is. however, scarcely 
a religious sect in Lebanon 
which has not evicted mem- 
bers of another community 
with equal determination in 
the past four years. 

Christians have forced Dr- 
uze from their homes, Shias 
have evicted Palestinians 
from parts of west Beirut and 
Sunni Muslims have driven 
Christians from their houses 
in Sidon. Lebanon is . being 
“cantonized" by its individual 
communities as never before. 

Nor is there any end in 
sight. Only yesterday, fighting, 
started again between Shia 
Muslim Amal militiamen and 
Palestinian guerrillas in the 
Rashidiyeh camp south of 
Tyre. Given the mutual sus- 
picion between the two sides, 
not to mention the camp’s 
proximity to Israel, it prom- 
ises to be a long war. 

Envoy row in Tehran 

By Hazhir Tehnonrian 

The arrest last week in 
Tehran of Mr Iyad al- 
Mahmood, the Second Sec- 
retary at the Syrian Embassy, 
has developed into a dip- 
lomatic scandal dzat threatens 
Iran's relations with its ally. 
President Assad of Syria. 

The diplomat was freed 24 
hours later, and for the next 
two days the spokesmen of tbe 
Iranian Government claimed 
that he had-been kidnapped by 
imperialist agents. Bat it 
emerged on Saturday that Mr 
Mahmoud had been arrested 
by anti-rice officers of the 
Government itse& 

Mr Mahmoud told corres- 
pondents that he did.not know 
who his abductors were. He 

said they 2nd not made any 
demands of him, nor had they 
mistreated him. 

Bat sources within the Gov- 
ernment told another corres- 
pondent that the diplomat had 

been arrested for being drunk 
and in the company of women, 
n crime that usually carries the 
death sentence by stoning in 
Iran. He had been freed 
thanks to his diplomatic 
' immunity. 

Early last week. President 
, Assad; one of the mam suppli- 
ers of Soviet-made arms to 

Iran in its war with Iraq, said 
he wanted amrion with Iraq as 

a way t o end the war. The 
suggestion was not well re- 
ceived hi Tehran. 

Paris extends 
visa rule 

Paris —The Prime Minister, 
M Jacques Chirac, has paid a 
48-hour official visit to Mo- 
rocco. ending Satuiday, dur- 
ing which he met King Hasan 
(Susan MacDonald writes). 

. The Minister for Security, 
M Robert Pandraud, also on 
the trip, announced that the 
Maghreb countries — Mo- 
rocco. Algeria and Tunisia 
must now conform to anti- 
terrorism visa regulations. . 

Moroccan. Algerian and 
Tunisian residents in France 
will also require re-entry visas 
aftqiravel abroad. '■ 

Abdallah in 
jail switch 

aiSu” ppor^s Ibrahim 
Abdallah, toe suspected ter- 
rorist leader, has been moved 
from the Sant* prison in Paris 
to another jad in the Paris area 
(Susan MacDonald writes). 

OEM*™ 9 ? xUd ^ coa- 

victed for talcing part in tog 
Orly airport bombing in 1 983 
5 s5 moved from tl* 
Sanfe to Gairvaux prison. 

Both men were transferred 
to tbe Sant* two weeks ago. 
They;- joined Anis Naccache 
unpnsopedJbr aaempth* T q 
kill the Shah oTIn£™w 

Prune Mau^r, Me shapour 

Bakhba r, in Pari s m 198a 




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^ a ^ esa called in again for warning 

Hopes for negotiations 
dashed by ban on 
flew Solidarity council 



■»»'*/ k?*-' g| 

■ .. .. V. ' . 

mm h ed qCfckW ai ? h ° Ver T e "i 
10 ban a rwcf-L he weekend 

cil andis^ 0 - 1 ^ 1 ^' coun - 
iu warning Mr Lech 

ground r ^ er ^ 0rn,er under- 
aeaiii f a S. 6 ^ Tes ■^ lal *hey raav 
Th/5 ,rnpnsonm ent * 
anv h deciSi fl n ^ PAl paid to 
any hopes that the Govern^ 

& UWn “ with the 
Panned union, even in its 

jh*s Ieaders - freed 

SLw- S P nsoner s- had re- 
«^bhshied a “Temporary Sol- 

»font> Council” as a pressure 
group for workers’ rights. 
,_~f ven former underground 
leaders, including Mr Zbig- 
niew Bujak and Mr Bogdan 
Lis. would have run the 
c °fln c >! at a national level, 
wnile important cities would 

I *? -^ d regional affili- 

ates. The idea was to find a 
way in which Solidarity could 

Sii 0pe u Iy L ^ if Possible, 
deal with the Government- 

llie authorities called Mr 
Walesa and other leaders to 
warning talks” on Saturday. 
,Jle official view is that the 
[ ne w council is illegal under the 
Administrative Code. 

! This code, which among 
joiner things stales that all 

From Roger Boyes, Warsaw 

associations must be officially 
regisiered, will probably be 
used more ftequemfy as the 
authorities try to .control 
Solidarity. The official hope is 
clearly that a mesh of fines 
and suspended sentences mil 
deter dissidents, but at the 
same time avoid the need for a 
large number of arrests. 

At the weekend seven mem- 
bers of an illegaJ peace group 
were fined for staging a brief 
sit-down demonstration on 
Friday outside Warsaw's main 

The authorities have said 
that they are willing to consult 
non-communists, even those 
who amid be construed as 
dissidents, providing they are 
not “anii-socialis” and they 
operate legally and within the 

But a weekend statement by 
Mr Jerzy Urban, the Govern- 
ment spokesman, makes clear 
that Solidarity councils do not 
come into this category. 

“The council is another 
illegal structure.” he said. 
“There have been a lot of 
them that have disappeared or 
were liquidated according to 
the law. If a handful of 
extremists force, today or in 
the future,, a rigorous applica- 
tion of the law towards them. 

Beef shortage in Brazil 

Sarney confronts 
angry ranchers 

\ From A Correspondent, Rio de Janeiro 

K “gentlemen's agreement 1 ” to President Sainey’s hemlde 

leaving botchers' counters annual inflation rate down to 
nearly bare and tempers short, angle digits. 

A spokesman for President l fader the plan, the Govern- 
Samey a n noun ce d last week meat gave workers an 8 per 
that if meat did not appear in cent wage increase in March, 
the markets soon the Govern- and since then Brazilians have 
meat would be forced to seize enjoyed a 30 per cent increase 

cattle from 300 ranchers and 
take punitive action against 

in pardnong power. 

As a result, Brazffians. es- 

herders, such as mating off pedafly tibe poor, are buying 

rural loans and credits. • 
“The Government has ex- 

its never before, bat super- 
markets have been hard press- 

hausted all its instruments of ed to maintain stocks of basic 
negotiation by peaceful items such as meat, eggs and 

means,” declaredSenborjF'er- milk: 

nando Cesar Mesqnita, the A black market for many 
President's spokesman. ' ' goods has emerged . .; 

The annonncOTent amie In this mainly rural country , 

less than aweek afteijJnwba with the world's foarth-largest 
and ranchers readied ^ herd of cattle, ranchers repre- 
accord, the secondm a matter ^ fl wealthy and powerful 
of months, to boost the retail lobliy, and have been the most 
price of beef; which had been y^le source of resistance to 
frozen since March under the ^ conthmed price freeze. 
Government's anti-inflatioa . 


Although some cattlemen 
had responded to foe Govern- 
ment's call for co-operation, 
supply of fresh beef is still for 
below normal. Ranchers are 
sending about 10,000 head of 
cattle a day to the abattoirs, 
around half the number being 
delivered at this time last year. 

Ranchers said the new price, 

about £13 for 33 lb, was too 
low . They also argued that the 
meat shortage had been 

Bat a presidential aide said 
that Senhor Sarney’s high 
popularity ratings meant that 
a move to force recalcitrant 
mwIhbm into fine 1 would win 
widespread approval. 

But formers are worried. 
“Economic problems require 
economic sdafems, not the 
power of die police” said 
Senhor Ftorio Tdles Men- 
ezes, head' of a formers' 

As ranchers and govern- 

ed used mainly by a boom in meat officials arm, most 
consumer demand and not people in this land known for 
because ranchers have kept sumptuous barbecues have 
cattle in the field. been left to eat more scram- 

The row has turned into one Wed eggs and vegetable 
of the most se rious challenges casseroles. 

Row over Opposition 
Philippine chief quits 
domestics in Sind 

From David Bona via 
Hong Kong 

From Our Correspondent 

iiuu^ — 

Controversy is growing here Mr Makhudoom Kbaliq uz- 

over the growing number of Z am a n , the Sind provincial 
domestic helpers from the president of Miss Benazir 
Philiooines . and their ten- Bhutto’s Pakistan People’s 
denev to gather on Sundays in party (PPP), resigned from his 
large numbers on the centrri post at the weekend. 
diSrici of Hong Kong Island In an open tetter to Mbs 
lorhaL barter and eat picnic Bhutto, the owiiainnan of the 
um rhes party, he said he was resigning 

u There are nearly 27,000 in the interests of the party, 
Philippine maids and child- bin expressed a desire to retam 
minders in Hong Kong, their his sral on the central 
oav regulated by obligatory commit**. 
oL * ms wjih their employ- It is only three months since 
supervised by Mr KhaUcu^ed 3Z nmlaced 
Sp Philippines Government. Mr Mustafo Jatoi, thelormer 
^LmJ mnscrvaiive ele- Chief Minister in the Govon- 
*2? Hong Kong, both ment of the late Mr Zolfiter 
Striirih and Chinese, object to Ali Bhutto, as theteader ;of the 
?he caUiering of domestic opposition parry in Patestan s 

in the heart of the most troubled and uutnilent 
neipci » ■»* jwnrin iwovincc. 

central business district. 

Others, however feel the 

province. „ . 

Sind was the prmapal 

— iMH M i mwn tii 

centre of"end^<™t 
sm S . iJSSTa cheerful and agitation m August this year, 
Souifuf atniosphere and in which more than 30 people 

they support their w n is believed that Mr Khaliq 

mecreaiion and a nau UBVWH _ 

Ba ff er wu«* between the ferences with Miss Bhutto 

^Ii 0b inri their Chinese or over the autonomy issue. He 
m aids and their l laken an mcreasingbr 

European employed ag - ve against the 

some women nroslituies. majority province ofPlinjab, a 
in InXS SSnghbldofthePPP.andhis 

pmese women prefer^ departure will be a big setback 

^^5L 0 :,L% C o°Sc, for the party. 

Rock seeks air links 

Gibraltar -GBAimraystes {®J] y ^“"tJic^^oSead, al- 

announced firm P |a "® “J though the Spanish are cur- 
direct daily S^Jfcp^van- renilf seeking join t use of the 
and Frankfurt to lake ao colony's tiny airport 
iace of new economic pros- rv^ct ' air travel between 

peels created by the °P e . 0 i“SO q jbraltar and the mainland is 

the Spanish frontier (Dom ^ lhe su bject of discussion 
nique Se^ie _ between Britain and Spam, i : 

The privately-owned cpm. . ^ . 


It is believed that Mr Khaliq 
had developed serious dif- 

a Dhiittn 

pany is confident that Britain 
will give the go-ahead, al- 
though the Spanish are cur- 
rently seeking joint use of the 
colony's tiny airport 
Direct air travel .between 
Gibraltar and the mainland is 
still the subject of ducusaon 
between Britain and Spam. ^ 

let nobody later call for new 
humanitarian acts.” 

Mr Urban was thus warning 
that there would be no more 
amnesties for political 

• MOSCOW: Pravda de- 
nounced the newly-created 
Solidarity council yesterday 
and said its leaders wanted to 
plunge Poland into anarchy 
(Reuter reports). 

Giving the most authori- 
tative reaction from Moscow 
to the council. Pravda said 
some people in Poland had 
foiled to grasp the significance 
of a recent amnesty that freed 
all political prisoners. 

“There is a small group of 
people who are trying to use 
the amnesty to return to the 
situation of turmoil, induced 
by ami-sodalist forces, which 
existed up to the introduction 
of mania! law in December 
1981,” the paper said. 

The article said that the 
amnesty bad received support 
from “broad circles of Polish 
society” and had cut the 
ground from under the Polish 

It said Poland “is advancing 
on the road of social and 
economic progress and is gain- 
ing in strength”. 

* - 

■% » ...v *!•■ * ■jr. 

Vehicles submerged under water and mud in the Spanish Mediterranean city of Alicante 
after flooding caused by sodden storms caught residents and holidaymakers unawares. 

UK police aid French murder hunt 

By Our Foreign Staff 

Two senior British detec- 
tives will today fly to France 
to join the hum for the killers 
of two Norfolk teachers, amid 
mounting criticism of the 
French police's handling of 
the case. 

The bodies of Lorraine 
Glasby. aged 28. and her 
fiance. Paul Bellion, aged 30. 
were found in a shallow grave 
in a Brittany form field last 

week. They had been shot. 
Their half-naked bodies were 
tied back-io-back and they 
had been gagged with sticky 

The couple had been miss- 
ing on a cycling holiday since 
August 16. 

Their bodies were found Iasi 
Wednesday morning, but it 
took the police until Saturday 
to make a positive identifica- 
tion. even though Norfolk 

detectives had already sent 
them dental records. 

The first Norfolk police 
knew of the discovery of the 
bodies was when they were 
con lac ted by a newspaper. 

• Paris: The French police 
have opened a murder en- 
quiry into the schoolteachers' 
deaths, but investigations are 
thought likely to tv long and 
difficult (Susan MacDonald 

held after 
‘coup’ fails 
in Uganda 

From Charles Harrison 

Mr Paulo Mowaoga, the 
former Vice-President of 
Uganda, was among a number 
of politicians arrested in Kam- 
pala at the weekend after new 
attacks on Uganda Army po- 
sitions near the Sudan border 
and an apparent bid to over- 
throw President Yo»ero Mus- 

Two ministers in Mr 
Museveni's Government, Mr 
Andrew Kayira (Energy) and 
Mr David Lwanga (Environ- 1 
ment), are among others 

Several officers in the guer- 
rilla movement which was led 
bv Mr Kayira before President 
MiHon Obote was overthrown 
last year hair also been 

The arrests follow an attack 
on a Uganda Army unit near 
Kiigmn. non hern Uganda, on 
Friday. The Government says 
the attackers were driven off 
with at least 88 casualties and 
it claims that there is no longer 
a serious security threat, al- 
though scattered bands of 
rebels arc still at large. 

Uganda Radio yesterday 
broadcast a statement announ- 
cing the arrests, saying crim- 
inal charges would follow. 

It said loyal Army units bad 
been infiltrated in some cases, 
and arms had even been 
abandoned for the rebels to 
take over. 

US envoy 
for home 

From Michael Hornsby 

The US Ambassador to 
South Africa. Mr Herman 
Nickel, left for borne at the 
weekend, two days after the 
imposition against this coun- 
try by Congress of economic 
sanctions which he had elo- 
quently opposed dining his 
four and a half years here. 

Mr Nickel acknowledged at 
an airport press conference 
here that there was a certain 
fortuitous symmetry about the 
timing of his departure. 

Sanctions were “a consid- 
erable setback.” Mr Nirkc! 
admitted. But he was con- 
fident that “the course w? 
have pursued will be seen to 
he the most effective and 
rational approach.” 

A former journalist, who 
was expelled m the l%0s 
while serving here as bureau 
chief for Tim «■ magazine. Mr 
Nickel was appointed ambas- 
sador on the recommendation 
of Dr Chester Crocker. 
theAssisiani Secretary of Sure 
for African Affairs. 

Dr Crocker was impressed 
by an article Mr Nickel had 
written, whteh argued that the 
l : S stood a better chance of 
bringing about change by 
becoming involved politically 
and economically than by 
ostracizing Pretoria. This was 
taken up by Dr Crocker and 
dubbed "constructive 





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Successio n of blunders uncovered after assassination attempt 

Gandhi wants 
big security 

From Michael Hamiyn, Delhi 

Mr Rajiv Gandhi. the In- 
dian Prime Minister, returned 
at the weekend from a tour of 
two southern states to press 
for a big reorganization of 
security services following the 
attempt on his life last week. 

A Home Ministry inquiry 
has been mounted into the 
various failings 3t Rajghat the 
state memorial, when a lone 

Miss Neerja Mishra, aged 23, 
the air hostess shot dead white 
helping passengers to escape 
from the hijacked Pan Am jet 
at Karachi last month, was 
posthumously given the Ashok 
Chakra award, India's highest 
civilian honour for bravery 
(Renter reports from Delhi). 

Sikh gunman failed to assas- 
sinate him only beca use of the 
inadequacies of his home- 
made pistol. 

At the same time the Punjab 
authorities are anxiously 
probing the weaknesses in 
their police force, which al- 
lowed terrorists to come 
within a hair's breadth of 
killing the head of the state 
police in the heart of a police 

Security arrangements 

surrounding the Prime Min- 
ister are now shown to have 
been so lackadaisical that an 
observer could remark yes- 
terday: “The reason why Rajiv 
likes to travel abroad so much 
is because he feels safer there.” 

A senior Horae Ministry 
official has been asked to 
undertake the inquiry into the: 
security lapses.' covering the 
roles assigned to the three or 
four agencies charged with the 
Prime Minister's protection. 

They are the Special Protec- 
tion Group, in charge of the 
inner cordon of security; the 
black-clad commandoes of the 
National Security Guard, who 
provide the middle-rank 
deterrence, and the outer ring 
manned by the security wing 
of the Delhi police and the 
guards and sentries of the 
Delhi Armed Police. 

There were a number of 
specific blunders highlighted 
as a result of the assassination 
attempt The first of course, 
was the failure to search a 
creeper-covered canopy 
overlooking the path down 
which all the VIPs were due to 

The gunman, who has now 
been identified as Karamjit 

A policeman restraining a Hindu, left, and a Sikh after riots broke out during a weekend Hindu procession in Delhi. 

Singh, a dean-shaven Sikh 
from Sangrur district of Pun- 
jab, seeking vengeance for a 
friend who died in Delhi riots 
in 1984. concealed himself 
overnight on the canopy and 
remained undetected through 
a search of the grounds the 
previous evening and earlier 
in the morning. 

Secondly, when Karamjit 
'fired his first shot virtually 
everybody present heard it 
but the security services vied 
with each other to pursuade 
the Prime Minister that it was 

nothing to worry about 

A renewed search of the 
area was carried out with 
metal detectors and dogs, 

The metal detector turned 
up an odd-looJring piece of 
metal in a flower bed — the 
roughly made bullet that had 
been fired. The dogs began 
straining at the leash beneath 
the canopy, but when a sub- 
inspector in char ge of the 
handlers told the Special 
Protection Group, they pooh- 
poohed the report believing 

the Delhi police to be an 
inferior force. 

Despite the unexplained 
shot the Prime Minister’s 
route away from the memorial 
was not changed, though this 
is said to be common security 

He was thus exposed for a 
second and third shot from the 
man in the creepers. 

The attempt the next day on 
Mr Julio Ribeiro, director 
general of the Punjab police, 
was much more professional 
and determined. 

A band of heavily armed 
terrorists forced their way to 
the very lawns of the officers' 
mess in the headqua r ters of 
ihe Punjab Armed Police in 
Jullundur. and is assumed to 
have had help or at least the 
connivance of members of the 
force itself. 

Since Mrs Gandhi's 
assassination several other 
heavily guarded public figures 
have died: a Delhi MP. the 
leader of the moderate wing of 
the Sikh political party and the 
former Army Chief of Staff. 

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n« «ovamE»iir s PUUShEDm the kmtovot c«d cowantlmted who act mchhxt rows for 



Loser who became 
nation’s most 
popular premier 

This is the last nvek Mr 
Shimon Peres wifi serve as 
Prune Minister of Israel - 
although he hopes this demo- 
tion is purely temporary . 
Friday he hands in his resigna- 
tion and changes places with 
his arch rival. Mr Yitzhak 
Shamir, the Foreign Minister. 
In the first of two articles, tan 

Murray reports from Jeru- 
salem on the end of the .first 
stage Q fan uneasy alliance. 

After formal consultations 
between President Chaim 
Herzog and the various politi- 
cal groups, the new 1 ffwgn*: 
m»nt of Mr Shamir should be 
ready to be sworn in by 
tomorrow week, the day after 
Yam Kippur, the Day or 


In resigning Mr Peres is 
h fflwirfng the coalition agree- 
ment struck between his La- 
bour alignment and Mr 
Shamir's Uknd faction 25 
months ago, after the two main 
political grouping 5 had fought 
other to a standstill in the 
bu general election. 

Despite their profound dis- 
like of each other, the two 
groups decided they would 
rather work together than go 
either into opposition or try to 
mo a government with a 
wafer-thin majority doomed to 
early failure. ' _ 

The mood of the country 
was then, and remained, op- 
posed to another election and 
in favour of a government 
prepared to get on with the job 
of confronting the serious 
economic, social and inter- 
national pressures facing the 
embattled state of Israel. 

Mr Shamir made political 
capital out of this last month 
when Mr Peres threatened to 
halt government business be- 
cause he had been insulted 
again by the; rogue elephant of 
the Likud, Mr Ariel Sharon. 

“I think that the public, the 
people, want unity today,” Mr 
Shamir said. “It wants a 
unified, united Cabinet, pre- 
cisely because of the need for 
derisions that are not easy . . . 
we have to concentrate on 
more serious matters. I hope 
that plain commonsense will 
get the upper band.” 

Plain commonsense did. 
The crisis was averted and this 
unlikely government of equal 
enemies survived once again. 
For the second time in a year 
the unrepentant Mr Sharon 
was forced to make a public 
apology tq Mr Pleres, who has 
throughout the past 25 months 
skilfully used the threat of 
bringing down the Govern- 
ment to force his coalition 
partners to accept proposals 
and disciplines they do not 
always like. 

It has been 25 months in 
which Mr Peres has trans- 
formed his pabtic image from 
that of a shifty, lack-1 nstre 
loser into the most popular 
Prime Minister In the history 
of Israel. 

In 1981 he lost an election 

he should have won after a 
Likud poster appeared show, 
ing his face with th# caption: 
“Look him straight fa the 
eyes. Can he be trusted?" 

A couple of weeks a» he 
returned from the united 
States and said proudly* if a 
little naively: “I’m simply 
embarrassed to repeat what 
they said about me. My stand- 
jug was that of a statesman 
with world recognition nd 
this was something we have- 
lacked for a long time. We 
have world credibility. Tbday l 
have an almost ' aafhnted 
credit line." 

His problem is to make that 
credit line last for .the 25 
months ahead while Mr 
Shamir runs the Government 
He has only this, week in 
which to capitalize on that 
credit domestically, before go- 
ing into relative o b s o a fty, 
while his rival holds centre 

The Israeli 

i Part 1 

stage in what is bomtd to be a 
long run-up to the next general 
election, due in November 

This very tong week fa 
Israeli politics has to be ased 
to sort out the details of 
“rotation" — the code word for 
tins unique political handover. 

There are two important 
issues at stake. The first is 
whether Mr Peres can Insist , 
on a continuing economic role. ' 
The second is whether Mr ,' 
Yitzhak Modal, the Finance 
and Justice Minister whom he 
sacked for being insulting, wfflj 
be brought baric into the 

Beyond rotation itself looms., 
the continuing quest for peat** 
Mr Peres has beat usu 
Mr Shamir's rote as Fc 
Minister in this area, 
initiatives as Prime M 
that have gone well 
what the Likud leader 
approves of. 

There will inevitably -he 
rows and mini-crises on thfae 
and perhaps other issues dar- 
ing the week, but all the sfaM 
are that rotation will go ahead 
on schedule. 

Mr Peres even seems re- 
signed to playing second fiddle 
for the next two years. “Per- 
haps it is worth taking a break 
after two such intensive 
years,” he said wearily tor 
other day. *T have die feefiag 
that I made the maxfawa 
effort There was a difficult 
period and no one was snre 
bow it would tarn out The' 
mam thing is that wfaat we said 
and promised came about* 1 ’ 

The question is whether 
things will go on “coming 
about" after rotation. 
Tomorrow: The search for 

Colombo seeks an end 
to Tamil deadlock 

From Vijitha Yapa, Colombo 

The next round of talks 
between the Sri Lanka Gov- 
ernment and Tamil leaders is 
scheduled for Delhi on Octo- 
ber 16. the Government-con- 
trolled Sunday Observer said 

It said' that the Tamil Nadu 
Chief Minister. Mr M. G. 
Ramachandran. would meet 
Mr Rajiv Gandhi, the Indian 
Prime Minister, on Wednes- 
day in connection with the 

All guerrilla groups fighting 
for an independent Tamil 
state in Sri Lanka have their 
headquarters in Tamil Nadu 
in south India. 

Meanwhile the Island, an 
independent newspaper, said 
yesterday that the Sri Lanka 
Government in its latest at- 
tempts to break the deadlock., 
has proposed a boundaries 
commission, in accordance 
with repealed Tamil demands. 

The Government wants 
devolution through provincial 
councils but the Tamils insist 
on the Northern and Eastern 
Provinces being united. The 
Government, however, points 

out that Tamils constitute 
only 41 per cent of tiK 
population in The Eastern 

The Tamil United Libera- 
tion From has now asked fin 
the Tamil-dominated areas oi 
the Eastern Province to be 
merged with those of the 
Northern Province, thus mak- 
ing way for consideration ofs 
boundaries commission. 

India is believed to have 
told the Tamils that they 
could expect no more from the 
Sri Lankans government than 
the granting of powers akin to 
those currently enjoyed by 
Indian states. 

• COLOMBO: At least 10 
guerrillas have been killed and 
18 arrested in a four-day 
government drive against 
rebel hideouts in eastern Sri 
Lanka, a military official said 
yesterday (Reuter reported). ■ 

Troops recovered 1.500 det- 
onators, 45 landmines and a 
massive haul of arms* and 
ammunition in the operation, 
which saw the most bitter 
fighting in recent months. 

Floods claim 42 lives 

Dhaka — Bangladesh of- 
ficials say floods caused by 
torrential rains over the past 
week claimed 42 lives and left 
more than 100.000 people 
homeless (Ahmed Fazl 

Overflowing rivers are said 
to have destroyed 1 .500 
square- kilometres of crops. 
Army units and Red Cross 
volunteers helped police to set 
up more than 100 relief cen- 

trcs. in which 20,000 pe©| 
look shelter. 

• Strike ends: Newspap 
reappeared yesterday for 1 
first time in two weeks. Soi 
7,000 journalists and pri 
workers called off a strike af 
the owners of the Bongladt 
Observer agreed to discuss t 
reopening of the counlr 
oldest English-language dai 
which was closed down thi 
months ago. 





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Child amd 
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— ^iigg Ly recently that Lasdn R a jk has 
-ggSgfoiSggrctan d his father - H uWv’s 
1 g!ggg£Mimst er after W orld War Two and 
-S^ggt of the now notorious sb tow trials 
-Q 49. Rajk s search fo r the trujth was, at 
— — ^ Pai nful, as he tells Rogei Boyes 

I a voice will rise above 

4nd b s St° f i lheB J? <tapesl »^ 

.2m* *1 Istvan * A common 
JSSf'.a common shout. Laszlo 
Rajk (pronounced “Rike”L an 
irnpoang leather-jacketed figure 
wth a spiky Mohican haircut, 
whirls around in a moment of 

fh?Si n8 * Ul ?. a ?°6 responding to 
the wrong whistle. He was called 
Istvan once and many other 
names were assigned to him while 
his country tried first to camou- 
flage. then heal, the hurt of his 
father s arrest trial and execution. 

Now he is Laszlo Rajk again 
and searching for the troth about 
his dead, famous, father, Laszlo 
Rajk, whom he never knew. The 
name connects and haunts. For a 
fc time last summer, Laszlo junior 
was Hying in a street named after 
Laszlo senior; the rehabilitation of 
his father has entered the geog- 
raphy of Budapest Father and 
son. the primal male bond, is also, 
in the case of the Rajks, the story 
of post-war Communism in Hun- 
gary and eastern Europe, a story of 
underground struggle, of manipu- 
lated power, of trials and torture, 
of induced calm, careful change 
and moral stagnation. 

That Laszlo Rajk has an iden- 
tity problem is an understatement 
Imagine a street corner in Buda- 
pest in 1953. A woman is 
waiting . . .-the authorities have 
told her to wait A black limou- 
sine. an important looking car. the 
sort with curtains concealing the 
occupants, draws up. The door 
opens, a boy is put down on the 

pavement and the car sweeps 

The woman kneels down and 
takes the child's hand. She starts 
speaking gently. “That was me**. 
Rajk remembers. “I didn't answer 
to any name she- called me ... it 
was as if I was (a little stray dog 
brushing her anfc les." 

The woman wj is his aunt and it 
was because of* her persistent 
badgering of the authorities that 
the boy was ref eased from the 
orphanage where? he had “Van- 
ished” aged fouranomhs following 
the arrest of his parents. (Years 
later, Rajk was jto find a name 
change stapled K> his birth certifi- 
cate: the namq was “Istvan 
Kovacs” the Hungarian equiva- 
lent of “John Smi th".) 

For a year the Jx>y believed his 
aunt to be his mq then she feared 
to tell him difienriitly. Then his 
mother was released from prison. 
Stalin was dead a nd die eastern 
bloc began the painful business of 
rewriting the bisloi.-y of the purges, 
including the ‘reputation of 
Hungary's former Interior Min- 
ister and Communist Party hero. 
Laszlo Rajk. 

Ironically, it was. the recovery of 
Rajk's body from': an unmarked 
grave and his ftinea aL 30 years ago 
today, that sparice^ the Hungarian 
uprising on Octobqr23 1956. Rajk 
junior, by then ;six years old. 
joined his mother i and thousands 
of mourners at thejjravesideof the 
man be never kneti *. 

.Yorkshire Television, in its 
First Tuesday p n) gramm e, has 
given amicropbonerao Rajk junior. 


Pride of place: “Rajk junior, by then six years old, joined his mother and thousands of mourners at the graveside of the man he never knew** 

helped him search for his father in 
the memories of his contemporar- 
ies. and in so doing uncover the 
tensions that preceded and under- 
pinned the 1956 revolution. 

Rajk junior is a dissident, 
though he prefers the title 
“printer" — a printer, that is, of 
banned literature. Rajk senior was 
a devoted Communist who, as 
Interior Minister and supervisor 
of the police, was largely respon- 
sible for the first post-war show 
trials. Yet be fell victim himself 
was beaten and tortured, con- 
fessed publicly to trying to over- 
throw the system and, on October 
14 1949. was executed. 

He was probably the most 
important victim of the eastern 
European show trials, and a 
frightening example of how the 
truth was turned inside out in the 
drive of the local Stalinists to wipe 
out supporters of a more national- 
istic Communism. 

There have always been 
competing theories about why 
Rajk made his confessions but to 
his son, born nine months before 
Rajk was strung up on the gallows, 
the explanation must take into 
account every aspect ofhis father's 

life. “He was a fanatic, you see." 
he says. We are sitting in a room 
overlooking the Danube, drinking 
sweet Austrian beer. “He was a 
believer who took risks." 

He fought the Francoists in the 
Spanish Civil War. was wounded 
after his company strayed onto on 
to a minefield, and interned in 
France. He escaped — Fascist 
Hungary was one of the few 
countries that did not request the 
release of its citizens from intern- 

ment — and spent most of the 
Second World War years commut- 
ing between the prison and the 

Rajk was a zealot who, when he 
came close to power, took on some 
of the characteristics of his per- 
secutors. It was an odd experience 
for Rajk junior to find, as he came 
closer to understanding his father, 
a man who was neither a national 
hero nor a national villain. “He 
was tough, very tough, during his 

The primal bond: Laszlo Rajk (left) and the son who shares his name 

time at the Interior Ministry and 
he was slowly giving up his 
personality. The real problem is 
why he accepted the methods of 
gaining and exercising power in 
the first place." 

Rajk had argued strongly 
against making the secret police, 
the AVH. subject to direct control 
by the leadership. His main 
opponent w-as the secret police 
chief.Gabor Peter who later be- 
came his tonurer and jailor. Rajk 
lost the battle — the secret police 
swiftly slipped loose of all institu- 
tional reins — and the war. Four 
secret agents dragged him into a 
black Buick on June 3 N49 and. 
though he was now Foreign Min- 
ister. he was denied access to 
Matyas Rakosi. the Hungarian 
leader and Budapest's StaJin. 

The Rajks were close friends of 
Janor Radar, who has run the 
country since 1956. It is true that 
Radar came to Rajk's prison cell 
shortly before the trial. But did he 
propose a softer sentence in mum 
for a full confession? It seems 
improbable to Rajk junior, but 
only Radar, that craggy figure, 
knows the truth. A more likely 
explanation is that Rajk. dis- 


S - I 




‘It was Rajk's 
funeral, 30 
years ago 
today, that 
sparked the 

orientated by torture, dung to that 
central tenet ofhis life: the party is 
always right 

That the Rajks were still a 
political symbol in 2956 was 
demonstrated at the grand re- 
burial of Laszlo. Tens of thou- 
sands of Hungarians attended the 
ceremony. His body represented a 
Communist revolution that ate its 
children. It was a reminder of how 
a rigid Stalinist system had been 
grafted on to a country with 
cruelty and mendacity. 

The 1956 revolution took off 
from there and, when the Soviet 
tanks puffed out the flame on 
November 4. the Rajks. widow 
and son. were smuggled out to 
Romania with the help of the 
Yugoslav embassy. 

After the Hungarian leader Imre 
Nagy was executed in 1 958 “it was 
considered safe to bring us back". 
Under the rule of Radar, the 
young Rajk settled down io a 
normal life using his real name. 
But whereas most Hungarians 
were content to make a tacit 
bargain with the Radar leadership 
— calm and consumer comfort at 
the cost of certain restricted 
persona! freedoms — Rajk junior 
was uncomfortable. 

He is a versatile man: trained as 
an architect, he is also a designer 
and video producer. But his 
political passion is the need for 
cultural pluralism and this has 
driven him into the small group of 
Hungarian oppositionists. 

For some years he has not been 
able to travel to other Communist 
countries and was allowed to go to 
New York only because he was 
invited by a millionaire of 
Hungarian extraction, a man the 
authorities did not want to offend. 
Even then it took him three years 
to gel his passport, in June he was 
pushed out of his job in a state 
design office. 

As for his father he is now a 
proletarian hero, his body lying in 
the Mausoleum of the Workers’ 
Movement Aware of the irony, 
the son goes there often to lay 
flowers next to the father he never 

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Into the great class s 


yV Do the top public 

\ schools give value 
I for your £6,000 a 
I year? Can the state 
' schools ever catch 
up? And how vital is 
the personality of the 
X/ head? Starting today, 

Amanda Atha and Sarah Drummond give 
the findings from their new survey of the 
country’s best schools, beginning with some 
overall impressions and words of advice 

Part 1: Behind the prospectps 

The question all parents want to 
ask — “What's it really like?” — is 
the one to which they have the 
most trouble obtaining an answer. 
With the best will in the world, no 
one can get around all the schools 
(though one parent we know 
inspected 60k and most people do 
not have the faintest idea what to 
look for. 

Our survey is meant to be a 
starting point, and we were pleas- 
antly surprised to find a great deal 
of interest, enthusiasm, en- 
couragement and feedback from 
nearly everyone — pupils, staff, 
parents, head teachers, even 

We found a severe shortage of 
outstanding head teachers — fewer 
than 20 of them. Some of the most 
successful heads have moved out 
of education into business (is the 
man from the Treasury who has 
moved in as head of Cranleigh the 
start of a trend in the other 
direction?). The ceaseless musical 
chairs among top heads makes it 
very difficult for parents to assess 
a school's long-term performance. 

The head's influence is felt 
practically everywhere, and al- 
most immediately. At the start of a 
reign there is always optimism — 

whole are more dynamic, have 
more feeling of vocation — but 
they are constantly let down by the 
system. We observed the trend of 
staff (railing out of state into 
private schools, where they are 
welcomed. One at Mill field de- 
scribed himself as "a refugee from 
the slate system”. 

Staff-pupil relationships are 
quite relaxed, on the whole. We 

did not observe pupils flattening 
themselves against walls as staff 

State school pupils 
are sloppy, 
spotty and louche 

often without foundation. At the 
end of a reign, things tend to 
slacken. Success at a previous, 
often smaller, post does not 
necessarily mean the head is going 
to succeed at the new school. We 
found women head teachers to be 
of a higher calibre, in general: you 
don't drift into being head of a 
girls' school. 

The shortage of real quality 
extends to the staff. One or two 
inspired teachers per school is a 
lot. and where they exist you can't 
miss them: for example, the head 
of art at Marlborough, the head of 
music at Sherborne Girls’ School, 
the chaplain at Malvern College or 
the head of computers at St 
Leonard's. Wc also found some 
dusty specimens, particularly 
those from Oxbridge. 

State school teachers on the 

themselves against walls as staff 
passed; on the contrary, we saw 
two or three head teachers flat- 
tened by passing pupils. In private 
schools, manners are good and the 
pupils are clean and polite.' State 
school pupils are sloppy, spotty 
and louche. 

We found the majority of pupils 
in both stale and private schools 
lacking in curiosity; the privately 
educated privileged are still pro- 
grammed to take life for granted, 
though heads are becoming aware 
of this. Among the rank and file, 
we observed that lack of en- 
trepreneurial attitude which so 
worries Mrs Thatcher. Rebels 
such as Richard Branson and 
Peter de Savary are the ones who 
arrive in Rolls-Royces on Speech 

In - some senior fee-paying 
schools we found that the pupils 
are “laid-back” about work: it 
doesn't look good to appear keen. . 
“You can work like stink, but 
never be a swot in public,” one 
sixth-former explained to his 
newly arrived younger brother. 

This attitude is less true of girl s’ 
schools. We noticed large num- 
bers of Hong Kong Chinese, 
especially at sixth-form level. One 
class of six studying A level 
physics at a girls' school consisted 
entirely of Asians. Academic re- 
sults of Asian pupils are often 
outstanding and can make a big 
difference to the school's overall 
record, but their English peers 
observe — not unkindly — that 
Asians are un-sporty and lack 
team spirit. 

There are computers every- ■ 
where, usually misused or under- 
used and — with honourable 
exceptions such as Cheltenham 
College and Sevenoaks' — 
contributing little to the sum of 
up-to-date useful knowledge. Our 
impression is that state schools in 
particular tend to hide behind 
impressive and expensive new 

shortage of good schools .in 
London. The enormously in- 
creased demand for places in good 
day schools has thi< own the whole 
enirv system into r disarray. Loca- 
tion's now an over riding tactor in 
choosing a school. ' ' 

Heads are amlarvalcnt about 
discipline. They Shave diligently 
followed the trend ! to “loosen up 
and “move wiih tH e times - put 
are nervous about : where this has 

led them. We. fouri d discipline to 
be far Scotland and un. 
north of England. f 

Standards fluctui tie. Sixth form 
pupils, in particular, are given 

r . e x At in The 

UUUIU. ■■■ . #v „ 

great freedom-, sometimes in the 
hope that they will not defect to 

We found lovely 
boys at lEton 
wearing d ake-up 

sixth form colleges t) »r crammers. It 
could be said tha* this sets an 
undisciplined exam; pie for the rest 
oftheschooL ; 

Many heads admi t how difficult 
ii is to impose one-; set of rules at 
school, knowing th^ it another pre- 
vails at home. Most- conduct fierce 
campaigns against smoking: 
BedaJes shows offe nders films of 
nicotine-stained lm tgs and King's 
Taunton imposes ft ncs, which arc 
donated to Cam xr Research. 

drain on finances unless foj 
school is 'cry well endowed: fe* 
shot up after the oil ’ crisy, 1 
Increasingly, tec-paying schools-. 
Sherborne and Malvern, i&nohc 
but two. and plenty ofpreps-^ . 
rented out for summer . 

and conferences to help tQWiajg • 
maintenance. y. . 

We were astonished by the 
amount of building going adjaffe. 
private sector - "good $*. 
morale", as the head QtMShon 
Abbey put it. Is it. we wondered, 

all realty necessary? It ts a brave 
head who sajs that he is sot are 
the school actually needs a . new 
sports hall, or a craft, design and 
technology (CDT1 centre, w c were 
also amazed to find how readily 
parents and old boys and girls 
meet the appeals. - 

A census compiled by the 
Independent Schools Information 
Service gives the figure for expen- . 
dilute on new; buildings - and 
equipment and improvements in 
independent schools last year as -( 
£100.5 million (equivalent to£254 
per pupil). Our observations sug- 
gest that this figure is too tow. 
Even during the time we were 
doing our research the. status 
svmboi changed front comparers 
to sports centres to CDT build* 
ings. Before computer it tad been 
language labs, subsequently pulled 
out in several schools we visited. : 

Another preoccupation ofheadk 
- though having more to do with 
saving money than spending it - 

■ - .1 ^. j .«k. a «L 


. . * w !■*» 



Woldingham girls. 1 told us that 
smoking is most pd evaleni among 
the 14-year-olds, m it the seniors. 

Drinking under , supervision is 
allowed by the majority of boys’ 
and coed schools j we visited. Wc 
do not know whetl ter there is any 
connection, but dr? ink has become 
an increasingly serious problem at 
some of the bes.t-known boys' 
public schools. Hec ids shrank from 
the question, as if' we had asked if 
their feet smelled. 

The big bogey ', however, is 
drugs. Again, it jvas difficult to 
obtain a straight ; answer, but we 
saw hardly a senioj r co-ed or boys' 
school that that >had not had a 
drugs problem, rir was not in 
imminent danger » of having one. 

Sex now takes ’ a back seat to 
drugs and drink,! and the usual 
attitude is that provided you don't 
get pregnant/herp es/caught, there 
are better things to worry about. 
Heads also went out of their way 
to tell us that "ei /erything here is 
normal". Our ire ipression is that 
homosexuality is much less preva- 
lent than before^ although it was 
quite fashionable as a pose until 
Aids came along}. 

The pop scene, has a far stronger 
influence in boys ’ schools and co- 
eds than in girls'* schools. Isolated 
country school:; are up to two 
years behind in fttshions and fads. 
Be it fingerless mittens or thigh- 
length socks, ; London and 
London-fed sell ools lead. We 
found lovely bonsai Eton wearing 

We were repeatedly struck by 
the glory of the buildings that 
house prep and public schools, 
particularly thi>se in the prov- 
inces. As the fir st head of Stowe 
said: “Every be y who goes out 
from Stowe wiill know beauty 
when he sees it . all the rest of his 
life." : 

The upkeep i and heating of 
listed buildings, on the other hand, 
is enormously expensive, and a 

Music and art are given greater 
importance, yet there is a vague 
acknowledgement that practical 
courses such as car maintenance 
or photography may be of more 
use than a degree in bio-physics. 
Team sports are no longer- 
overwhelmingly compulsory. As 
the head of North Foreland Lodge 
said: “Competence in tennis will 
be a social asset in years to come." 

Classics are disappearing from 
the curriculum, and we saw signs 
of French joining them. Exotic 
languages — Russian at Manches- 
ter Grammar School. Japanese at 
Eton, Dutch and Norwegian at 
Sevenoaks. Chinese at 
Charterhouse and 

Godolphin & Latymer - are on 
offer. Teaching methods are 
beginning to shift from talk and 
chalk towards oral and practical as 

the schools adapt to the new 
examination system. 

There are enlarged careers 
departments, often much criti- 
cized by pupils. Only a few 
schools, such as Moreton Hall and 
Felixstowe, offer outstanding ser- 
vice in advising.pupils about their 
future. However, head teachers 
talked hard and with less shame 
about industry and industrial 
links: Wellington has an industrial 
liaison officer, for example, and 
even Winchester prides itself on 
having produced captains of in- 
dustry. Increasing numbers of 
schools send pupils out for work 
experience in industry. 

We found more pupils going on 
to polytechnics, though heads still 
find they need to “educate parents 
about polys”. Unlike state schools, 
public schools are obsessed with 

qualifications — sometimes, we 
thought, at the risk of sacrificing 
an all-round education. There is 
much evidence of burning mid- 
night oil. and staff at Wycombe 
found it difficult to keep girls in 
corpora Sana when they got up at 
4am to study.Today’s pupils work 
far harder, by and large, than their 
parents’ generation ever did 

We have no statistics, but we 
were alarmed by the number of 
breakdowns, even suicides, among 
staff and pupils. Pressure is a real 
problem: even at 13, one boy had 
nightmares for six months because 
he thought he might not get into 
Latymer Upper, and crammers 
are stuffed with pupils re-taking 
their A levels. The pressure comes 
more from the schools and fellow 
pupils than from the parents. 

We were struck by the desperate 

is centralized' feeding, with lots of 
nntp-comDarine on how best tni 

note-comparing on how best to 
design the new dining-halls (*■- 
convert old ones. Centralized 
feeding has done more to alter the 
character of boarding schools tblo 
any other form of modernization 
and has undermined the strength 
of ihc house system. We found 
heads delighting in democratic 
queuing up. However, having also 
lunched in traditional formardfo- . 
ing-halls, we observed that . 
there had better manners and - 
more of what one mistress crifed • 
“table talk". In passing we mi g fe t 
mention the frightful food: at one r 
school a treacle tart fell , eft the 
floor. The Pyrcx dish broke, but 
notthetan. ’ 

AH in all. we were heartened by 

The choice is wide 
for those who 
look hard and travel 

what we saw during two years of 
research. First-rate education is 
available and the choice is wide 
for those who are prepared to took 
hard and to travel. We did notice, 
however, that even the best 
schools lacked any spiritual de- 
ment. for the most pan. There is 
religious instruction: there are 
assemblies, community work and . 
so on: but it is a rare school that is 
capable of. or even interested in,, 
giving any genuine spiritual guid-. 
ance. Like the Prince of Wales, we 
thought we detected a deep need 
for it among the pupils. 

<D Amaflda ABw and Sarah Dranmood «M 

Adapted from The Good Schools 

Guide, a Harpers <& Queen 
publication, to be published by 
Ebur v Press on November 3 (price 

Checklist for choosing the right school 




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I Send for the prospectus 
and any other literature 
available, and read it 
This saves time on 
crucial but pedestrian matters 
such as the size of dormitories, 
when pupils are given tem- 
porary leave of absence, and 
so on. 

2 Make an appointment 
to see the head and be 
shown around the 
school. You may find 
you are fobbed off with open 
days, registrars and so forth. 
For big schools with large 
numbers of applicants, this is 
an understandable way to 
start. It is, however, time- 
consuming for you: you have 
to meet the head (and/or 
hou5emistress/masier) at 
some point: no amount of 
wonderful buildings make up 
for an inadequate head. 

3 On the day of your 
visit, arrive at the 
school early and look 
around. Approach chil- 
dren and staff and ask them 
anything. It's amazing how 
informative their replies can 

What to look out for: Bearing 
of pupils (politeness, neat-, 
ness). Bearing of staff, ditto. 
Do they 'look dean, bright- 
eyed and enthusiastic? 

Grab an exercise book or 
three in passing and look at 
the standard of work and 
marking: this can teli you an 
enormous amount. Check the 
size of leaching groups: it's 
remarkable how often num- 
bers do not tally with the 
official version. 

What is the average age of 
staff? Too elderly can mean • 
not enough dynamic ideas: too 
young ran mean too inexperi- 
enced and possibly too transi- 
tory. Observe the state of ihc 
library: rows of dusty tomes 
look "impressive, but bright, 
i new and dog-eared is health- 
ier. Look at noticeboards for 
signs of plenty going on. 

1. What is the size of the 
sixth form? This is an 
indication of the academic 
strength of the school. 

2. What are results like? 

(NB: it is best to work your way 
up to this as it tends to stir 
up head teachers. Monitor the 
speed of producing the 
results and/or reasons for not 
producing them. Schools of 
"mixed ability" often fee), with 
reason, that the school will 
be unfairly judged by apparent 
weakness of results. 

However, you need to know: 

(a) how "mixed" the school 
is and (b) which the weak 
departments are). 

Beware of statistics: 

"Hundred per cent pass rate in 
geography" could mean 
mat they nave one keen pupil 
whose rather happens to be 
professor of geography at a 
nearby university. You need 
to know: (a) the number of 
candidates sitting the 
exams; (b) the number of 

Here is a list of guidelines we drew op as we went 
around. Obviously, not all are applicable to every 
school. Ask even half of these questions and yon will 
probably never be invited back again, but it does no 
harm to take tbem along for prompting. 

of responsibility? Is there any 

privacy for boarders? 

Z9. Doe s the school feel 
responsible for pupils once 
they ai4> accepted or will it 
encourage misfits or slow 
leameras to leave? 

30. Hour much pocket 
money r s allowed? One head 
we spofee to called pocket 
money ttoe bane of the public 

papers. How are pupils 

10. What is the religion? Is 
there any religious teaching?. 

11. What major projects are 
on the go? Does the school 
offer special help to slow 

12. What was the effect of 
the teachers' strike? 

19. The cost that Is, fees 

E lus real cost the size of the 
ill. What's extra (usually in 

13. Can they give you a 
breakdown of results ac 

subjects taken in all; (c) the 
number of passes, split Into 

3. How do they monitor 
progress? School reports? 
Pants systems? What are 
the incentives? 

4. What is the size of 
classes (biggest and smallest}? 
What is the ratio of full-time 
teaching staff to pupils? How 
many part-timers are there? 

5. What is the turnover of 
staff, especially in mathematics 
and English? 

6. Computers: do they 
teach programming or hands- 
on? Teaching specific 
programmes can be an 
obsolete idea 

7. Which exam boards are 
taken (these should be in the 

breakdown of results achieved 
by boys and girls in boys' 
schools with giris in the sixth 
form? (NBr You'll be lucky 
to get this). 

14. How marry pupils leave 
after O levels? How many are 
imported into the sixth from 

15. What Is the pressure of 
work? Amount of work? 
Homework? Streaming? 

16. Who are the pupils and 

bill. What's extra (usually in 
prospectus)? (NB: State 
schools often ask tor large 
sums in extras). 

20. Are there any appeals 
going on? 

21. Are games compulsory? 
Sports on offer and their 
results should be in the 
school magazine. 

22. What extras are on 
offer? Can they realty deliver? 
A small school offering 
dozens of extras is probably 
doing none of them weil. 

How many pupils team a 
musical instrument (and for 
how long)? 

23. Is there a Combined 

31. In taparding schools, 
how aa Mssibte are pupils by 

32. Wlvat is the temperature 
of the s chool in winter (this 

will often comment helpfully 
and critically on the opposition: 

36. What are the strengths 
and weaknesses of this school - 
(always interesting to hear . 
the answer to this)? 

37. What is specifically 
splendid and unusual about , 
this school? This Is their big. 
moment to sell it to you 

38. Can you have copies of 
the school magazine, a fist of. 
governors, fixtures Hst, 
names of members of 

question particularly for 
Scottisih schools)? 

33. Whitt is the pastoral 
care awe (this should be in 
prospa! ttus)? Supervision 

at breaf <? On school outings? 
At tuck j shops? In case of 
illness? Is there a second-hand 
shop? $ >rovlsion for 
transpo rting children? • 

34. Wh^j would not be 

happy a it this school? 

35. Whs >t are the other 
schools) in the area? Schools 

association, plus addresses 
and - if you nave the nerve 
- a list of parents you can 
telephone about toe school. 

Cadet Force? Is it compulsory? 

Are there a Item stives? 

where do they come from (both 
geographically and 

sphically and 
socially)? How many expatriate 
children are there? how 
many non-British children and, 
in particular, how many 
non-British children whose first 
language is not English ere 
there? Too many ot the latter, 
can grind teaching to a halt 
very few schools can afford to 
cater for them separately, 
though the Inner London 
Education Authority does 
its best. How many are the 
children of old boys/girls? 

Are there any famous old 
boys/girls (this can be 

17. Where — preferably in 
great detail - do pupils go 
when they leave? The 
school magazine often 
supplies this information. Is 
there careers advice? Ask for a 
list of staff and their 
qualifications if this Is not given 

18. What scholarships are 
available - and won? What 
bursaries and provisions 
are there fix' helping out with 
fees? Do they offer 
assisted places? — 

prospectus: Oxford and 
Cambridge Joint are 
considered to be the 

fi. vwratisthe size of the 
library budget? What 
arrangements are there for 
obtaining new books/papers? 
9. What are the procedures 
for getting in? These should 
also be in toe prospectus. if 
the school sets its own 
examination, ask to see old . 

Are there alternatives? 

24. Who owns the school? 

If it is privately owned, are 
there any plans for a 
change of ownership? 

25. What is the head trying 

to achieve in the school? Wbal 
does he/she regard as 
most important? What Is 
his/her history? 
Achievements? Education? 
When does he/she plan to 
retire? Is he/she planning to 
move on (they won’t tell you 
this, but ask anyway)? Is the 
head married? 

26. What is his/her attitude 
to discipline? Drugs? Sex? 
Bullying? Alcohol? 
Homosexuality? Stealing? 
Breaking the school rules? 
Corporal and/or other 
punishments? Ask for a 
copy of the school rules (this 
can be illuminating). How 
many people have been 
expelled/asked to leave In 
the past two years? This 
should pinpoint major 

27. What are the present 
numbers in school and its 
capacity? What is toe size 
of the school? Acreage? 

28. What is the structure of 
school houses? Do they have 
prefects? Are there levels 


1. What is the food tike? 

2. What is the matron Hke? 

3. Which members of staff 
do they like best? 

4. Which subjects do they . 
like most? 

5. What don't they Hke 
about tiie school? 


The top 20 boys’ schools 


1 The jibove(S) 

4 Grape iling iron (7) 

8 Queeu i bee's male (S) a 

9 Having veins (7) 

10 PervdneiS) 

11 Meal (food list (4) 11 

13 Horae: fish creature 

• (II) j 
17 Dull Jwin(4) 

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Who is a girl’s best friend? 

three-part series examining 
every aspect of friendship 
— — a l the bonds between yomen — 
— — 50 many men find them unsettling 

bSS« | h dS? e f° US, y forgives me for 

{£■?? of “P’talism. I do not 

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Despite all the attention paid 

to sexual relationships, 

chums can last longer than 
lovers. Libby Pnrves begins a 

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would not give either of them 

Or again. I am very fond of 
several Perfect Wives; I ‘think they 
are doormats, they probably think 
me a shocking slut. And one of my 
most valued friends is an elderly 
woman who can see no sense in 
anything I do or write, but would 
nev *i j me sheny or shelter. I 
would be far poorer without them. 

I think the roots of female 
friendship lie in that much derided 
institution, the schoolgirl pash. 1 
have always considered h a great 
piece of luck to have spent some 
formative years in a convent board- 
ing-school. After all, I grew up with 
three brothers, went to a male- 
swamped university, then worked 
for a decade among men; making 
friends with the male sex has never 
seemed very difficult It was left to 
those brief years in a female ghetto 
to provide the missing sections in 
the jigsaw of human love: they 
taught me to be friends with 
women. I would have hated to miss 
that chance. 

And I might have missed it Some 
women claim to prefer men's 
company, and actually despise the 
idea of friendship with their own 
sex. We all know thegiri whose eyes 
swivel round the room white you 
talk to her, hoping that a chap will 
come to the rescue. X suppose that 
this is partly because so many faen 
despise, patronize or wilfully mis- 
understand female friendship; 
men's women pick up the attitude: 
Feminists would say it is because 
men feel “threatened” by female 
alliances; I do. not subscribe to the 
conspiracy theory of male oppres- 
sion. but considering some of the 
things men say about women's 
friendships, frankly, they deserve to 
be threatened We have been 

The most obvious Hbel is 
“Lesbian.” Even in an age of sexual 
bravado, it is not. difficult to wreck a 
woman's self-respect with this 
sneer. Plenty of devoted old spin- 
sters have lived and died toother 
without it once crossing their mind 
to kiss; plenty of shy schoolgirls 
have had passionate friendships in 

which sex played no pan 

A subtler libel is the idea of “aH- 
giris-iogeiher". Girls together, as 
every macho chap knows, do a lot of 
giggling. They swap make-up. They 
discuss tights, if they have children, 
they talk exclusively about after- 
births and T upperware. And — most 
important of all — they will turn 
ferociously against each other if 
there is any question of rivalry over 
man. If a man asks one of the girts 
out, or a husband has got a cold at 
home, she naturally breaks her 
appointment with the others. The 
“all -girls- together” theory sees 
women's gatherings as a way of 
marking time, and letting off steam, 
when the almighty Men are not 
around Either that, or they are 
plotting some mischief! 

The third misconception about 
female friendship is the fault of the 
feminist movement. They would 
Tike us to believe that Women (or 
Wimxnm) who meet together are 
celebrating some ancient matriar- 
chal rite: they are intimate, power- 
ful totally honest and open. They 
raise one another’s consciousness. 
They revile the phallus. They 
fertilize pot-plants with mentrual 
blood, practice white magic, and 
sing Green ham Common songs. A 
few women of course actually do all 
these things, to the terror and fury of 
the public schoolboys on Private 
Eye and the Spectator, who see the 
future supply of dean collars and 
rice-pudding drying up rf this is 
allowed to continues; but there are 
not many. 

S o there we are, pigeonholed: 
Lesbians, giggling girls, or 
Leftie witches. Either that or 
we are supposed to be 
behaving like those terrible 
women in modem American nov- 
els, swearing our heads oft* and 
detailing our null's sexual inad- 
equacies. No wonder the poor saps 
feel threatened But they need not: 
the. truth is simpler and more 
pleasant than any bf jL 
Women's friendship is just like 

High jinks: Libby Pnrves (left) with her old friend Jenny daring a university production of “Hotel Pared iso” 

men's friendship, only perhaps a bit 
less inhibited and more tolerant. I 
know and love a good deal of many 
women, and can say with my hand 
on my’ heart that I have never gone 
to bed with one. rarely discussed 
either T upperware or moisturizer, 
never heard or recounted one single 
private sexual detail, never called 
anyone “sister." embarrassed a pot- 
plam, or laid a plot. 1 have, 
admittedly, giggled: 1 may have 
borrowed a scarf or two: bat 
otherwise sober affection, mutual 
support and good jokes have 

Once a man did come between 
me and a friend — there was a 
divorce, a betrayal infidelity and 
anger - but it so happened that the 
friendship outlasted the love affair. 
Ten years on, neither of us has seen 
the disputed man for years, but we 
still count ourselves as friends. I 
think I knew all the time that 
Beanie was worth more than Benja- 
min; and so she was, and is. 

School friendships were intense 
and enclosed. In one way that was 
their weakness; hut the enclosure, at 

least, enabled us to concentrate on 
our friends. The root of ail wisdom, 
as Waugh said in Brideshead. is to 
know and love another human 
being. One of the saddest sights of* 
our time is the teenage girl from an 
unhappy home who. the agencies 
veil us. deliberately gets' pregnant in 
order to force someone to love her. 
where are her girlfriends? 

I n an awkward British way. we 
did express love and loyalty for 
one another in that beeswaxed 
dormitory world, and it gave 
us certain strengths. It is long 
ago; and far away; most of those 
friends have drifted far apart and 
some. alas, have married men 1 
cannot stand; but if the friendship 
was real then, it is real now. It only 
takes one telephone call to anni- 
hilate the years. 

There is an unflattering myth that 
women do not like other women 
who are prettier than them. Rub- 
bish. I am no beauty, but several of 
my favourite friends are. I was. and 
am. extremely fond of a ravishingly 
elegant creature I first met over 
college breakfast I was first drawn 

Fashion designer Katharine 
Hamnett and pufafic relations dfreo- 
tor Lynne Pranks are the perfect 
example of bow two complete op- 
posites can become the very firmest 
friends. Notwithstanding a recent 
wdl publicized rpW, Katharine — 
plummy, ex-Cheltenham Ladies* 
College— and Lyme, daughter of a 
north London botcher, have been 
each other's confidante and inspira- 
tion far the past .16 years, their 
careen naming aldng parallel lines. 
Sketching a new collection, 
Katharine attempts always to en- 
vision “whether Lynne coadd wear 


On a trip to New “York, the first 

Opposites; Franks and Hamnett 

for each, tt we found o ur se l v e s skip- 
ping down Fifth Avenue singing 
Marilyn Monroe soags at the top of 
our voices. I was staying at the Plaza 
and Lynne was in a cheaper hotel 
nearby; she had to come and bap me 
oat because 1 couldn't pay my MOL 

One dunes a lot of strength from a 
shared history like that. 

“Basically, we are committed to a 
lot of the same ideals, but Lynne has 
a fundamental caring I’ve never 
found else where. She Is always full 
of sympathy and it te very important 
to have someone in life who listens. 
When I went into liquidation a few 
years ago, I was amazed at the 
number of people Td thought of as 
my friends who wouldn't speak to 
me. The true friends said, ‘Hooray, 
now we can actually see yon for a 
change'. Lynne was one id that 
group and I shan't ever forget it." 

Josephine Fairley 

to her by fascination at the son of 
psychology which could lead a girl 
to put on full make-up merely to eat 
cornflakes with 200 other women at 
eight in the morning. She. in turn, 
could not believe anyone would 
voluntarily wear corduroy trousers 
and a home-embroidered poncho 
made out of an old coi-bUmkct. 

Later, her sex-life was tumultu- 
ous, mine was nil: yet the frankness 
between us was always comfortable. 

I would tell her to “take that damn 
silly new-laid look off her face" at 
breakfast, and she would occa- 
sionally plead with me on such lines 
as “Look, I know you don't bother 
now. but you might go in for 
grooming one day, so for heaven's 
sake at least use a moisture cream. 
Then if you change your mind your 
skin will have survived." So 1 did, 
and I still do. 

Intense school and college friend- 
ships turn into the dilute associ- 
ations of adult life; you make some 
new friends for dull practical .rea- 
sons, because they are your 
husband's best mate's wife, or sit at 
the next typewriter, or have chil- 
dren at the same schooL Yet 
whenever the real spark of friend- 
ship kindles, all the old magic 
returns: that sense of comfortable 
companionship, shared secret an- 
archy. and above all tolerance. 

Next time the cry goes up of 
“What do you see ra beiT, I shall 
proudly quote Yeats: 

“Think where man’s glory most 
begins and ends 

And say my glory was, I had such 

OTbnw Nnvapapani Ltd INS 


Male friendship: mates 
and myths 

Where there’s a wile there’s a woman 

“She spoke very softly and 
made oblique suggestions 
and references to what she 
wanted without asking for 

It's not what you think. 
What the lady wanted was 
not a diamond-studded an- 
kle-chain, ora mews house in 
Belgravia, but the right tobe 
the official manufacturers 
US representative for 
Floramika, a proprietary pro- 
cess that transferred designs 
on to ceramics. 

Being soft-spoken mid tak- 
ing a long time to get dowrno 
brass tacks are just two of tne 
tips given by Manene • l. 
( Rossmann in her book. The 

International Business- 
woman (published by 
11 " Pracger. £9.95). 

’ Although these globe-trot- 
■ ting girls are not that thick on 
* ' the ground at the moment — 
worries about how foreigners 
: ' B '’ will react to dealing with a 

woman being an expression 
of “a male boss's own sexist 
attitudes” — ft is dear that 
women entering the Inter- 
nationa] arena could hardly 
make a worse mess of trading 
than men have. 

For instance. General Mo- 
tors test-marketed its Chev- 
rolet Nova car in Latin 
America — unaware that no 
ra means “it doesn't go” in 
Spanish — and Pillsbury tried 
to export its Jolly Green 
Giant products to Saudi Ara- 
bia, even though the label was 
translated literally as foe 
“intimidating green ogre". I 
can't help thinking that 
women might have spotted 
these bloomers in time. "■ 

I agree with Ms Rossmann 
when she says that, when 
working abroad, ft is a good 
idea to invent a husband. 
This is becoming easier to do 
all the time as spouses are, 
increasingly, not expected, to 



travel with their working 

Womanly wfles seem to go 
down a treat when it comes to 
persuading a foreign diem to 
ago on the dotted line: “In 
many instances, I asked for 
their ‘expert’ opinion even 

when I knew the answer,” 
Rossmann says. “It was a 
constructive way of showing 
my involvement with them 
rather than just with the 
procedures at hand.” 

It is also the lot of the 
international businesswoman 
to drink gallons of strong 
coffee in Brazil (where they 
drink an awful lot of coffee), 
to go in for “Koran chic” (a 
long dress) in Saudi Arabia 
and to older Scotch over 
lunch in the Dominican 
Republic, although she 
shouldn't actually raise the 
glass to her lips if strong 
liquor at mid-day takes her 
mind off work. 

I was astonished to team 
that only 20 years ago, lone 
American or British women 
m Spain would prop a replica 
of their national flag on their 
restaurant table to indicate 
that they weren’t 
prostitutes. You would have 

thought that the locals would 
have jumped to the conclu- 
sion that they were intensely 
patriotic prostitutes. 

These days, sexual harass- 
ment is on the decline al- 
though, should you require 
some, Ms Rossmann advises 
against encounters with cli- 
ents. colleagues and men in 
bars. Instead, she suggests 
using your business card as 
an instrument of advanced 
flirtation. “If you meet an 
interesting man, you can offer 
your card and ask for his.” 

This seems bold behaviour 
to me bin, apparently, it 
doesn’t get you into nearly as 
much trouble as looking 
someone straight in the eye in 
the .Arab world or Japan. 
Imagine having to say “It's a 
deal then; two million 
oojima flips for delivery next 
October”, while modestly 
casting your eyes down to- 
wards your toecaps. 

Could this dashing around 
playing card games affect 
your home life? ft certainly 
could. Some advice from the 
author “Jf your boyfriend 
over-reacts to your travelling, 
tell him that you will be 
thinking of when you return 
during all of your waking 

Ms Rossmann suggests 
that before you agree to any 
long-term relocation, you 
should find out whether your 
company will help your hus- 
band get a work permit. 

She is optimistic about 
this, which is good news for 
the wives of international 
businessmen. After years of 
trailing the globe, doing noth- 
ing more exciting than 
supervising the packing- 
cases. they may now expect to 
have their career needs ca- 
tered for by their husbands' 
firms — or prove a case of 
wilful sexual discrimination. 

A day's shopping on 

the Continent for just 
five pounds . . that’s 
the offer starting today 

for Times readers. What’s in store? 
Robin Yonng reports on hypermarkets 

A continental 
trip for just £5 

For most day- trippers to the 
Continent, the chief object of 
the expedition is a bargain- 
hunt around the hypermarket 
Even non that the pound is 
worth an eighth less in France 
than it was a year ago (it is 
even sicklier in Belgium) ii is 
still well worth shopping in the 
Channel pons. 

The wine and beer alone, 
bought at Continental prices, 
will save the dawnp fare. The 
cheapest wines are half ihc 
British pnee and been on 
average are about a third 
cheaper. Other obvious 
moneysavers include coffee 
beans <a third off). Dijon 
mustard (save about a quar- 
ter], glasses, mineral water 
and olive oil (Imie more than 
half the British price). 

Other good buys in the food 
department are condensed 
soups (more interesting and 
flavoursome than British vari- 
eties); pure fruit jams and 
jellies: large and silvery sar- 
dines: herbs, spices and dried 

Other big store departments 
worth examination are 
children's clothes (attractive 
styles and not dear): toys; 
perfumery and toiletries; 
women's fashions and acces- 
sories, of course, but most 

notably pure silk underwear (a 
third off again), costume 
jewellery, make-up hags, 
handbags and well-designed 
umbrellas, and linens. 

Calais now has a second 
hypermarket to relieve the 
overworked Continent store 
at the eastern edge of town on 
the S43 — the smart new 
Mammouth. a similar dis- 
tance to the w-e&i. in town 
Pnsunic in Boulevard Jac- 
quard is the biggest super- 
market. while \u Pnntempv is 
particularly good for 
children's clothes. 

Neither Osiond nor 
Zeebrugge has a hypermarket 
of its own. hut it is a short 
drive from either to the GB on 
the other side of Bruges in the 
suburb of St Krais. It is at 356. 
Maulscsteenweg. on the NiU 
toward Ghent. 

In Boulogne the Auchan 
hypermarket seven kilometres 
outside town on the N42 St 
Omer road at La Capelle is run 
by France's most standard- 
conscious chain, with special- 
ist counters for fine wines, 
country cheeses, traditional 
chareuterie. and fish.In town 
Boulogne has a useful Cham- 
pion supermarket and 
branches of Pnsunic and 
Nouvclles Galleries. 

How to take our special offer 

Lunch in the shadow of 
Calais's splend rococo town 
hall choosing cheese from the 
counter of Philippe Olivier, 
Boulogne's maitre- frontager, 
watching on the quayside at 
Ostend, or strolling in the 
medieval beauty of 
Bruges —any one of these could 
be yours for only £5. 

This autumn, in conjunction 
with Townsend Thoresen, The 
Times is offering hs readers 
a way-days to France and Bel- 
gium for ridicuously low 
prices. From Monday October 
20 until Sunday November 30 
yon can take a day trip from 
Dover to Calais, Boulogne, 
Ostend or Zeebrugge (or from 
Felixstowe to Zeebrugge) for 
£5 each plus another £5 for 
your can however, if four or 
more of you travel together in a 
single car, the car goes free — 
so the cost of a trip for four and 
a car is just £20. Townsend 
Thoreson are not affected by 
industrial action on ferry 

The timing is perfect for 
anyone wanting to buy some- 
thing special for Christmas. 
Calais, Boulogne and Ostend, 

of course, all have-- 
hypermarkets dose by and 
Bruges, within easy reach of . .. 
Zeebrugge, is an excellent 
shopping centre. 

If thoughts of Christmas : - 
appear painfaUy premature, ... 
then our offer is simply an 
interesting and inexpensive 3 
autumn diversion: all four 
ports pride themselves in in- ' 
foresting sights and enticing . 

Boulogne, for instance, has 
some of the best food shops in 
France, a thriving Saturday V, 
market and a splendid “old 
town”. Calais, an ancient lace • 
centre, is rich in architecture 
and harbour-life. Ostend is a ■ 
busy fishing port. Zeebrugge 
is an interesting harbour and 
town near to Bruges which is 
probably the best preserved 
medieval city in northern 

A booking request form plus 
sailing details will appear in 
Thursday's Times. In addition, 
you will require three vouchers 
per booking. The first voucher 
appears today, followed by 
further vouchers tomorrow, 
Wednesday and Thursday. 


special offer 
in association with 


This voucher may be used 
as one ol three required to • 
apply (or The Times special Z 
O tier. It is vabd ONLY for • 
Townsend Thoresen DAY • 
RETURN trips, from Octo- • 
bar 20 to November 30 ■ 
1986 inclusive THREE Z 
VOUCHERS are required • 
A maximum of one car (up • 
to 5.5m length) applies per ■ 
booking. The offer does not Z 

apply io coaches or mini- • 
buses. The otter is made I 
ITY. Alternative dates or ■ 
routes to those requested Z 
may be offered or money • 
refunded, in the event of * 
non availability. • 

How to tell a gentleman on 
his way tathetop. 

By his Cheaneys. 




J Chancy & Seas Lhpitgd. Rushton 

Yes, I’m a masochist 


Name and address 

Having read the article on 
women's masochism by Dr 
Paula Caplan (Monday Page, 
September 29) and the re- 
sponse by Barbara Toner, I 
realized Hut until I- had a 
child, I would have agreed 
more with Ms Toner. How- 
ever, I seem to have entered 
foe world of women's mas- 
ochism, with a vengeance. 

Now that I have decided to 
take on a less-demanding 
part-time fab in enter to be 
able to spend more time with 
my daughter, and also to 
my husband's 
ever more demanding job, I 
find that I am still to Mame 
for hindering my career pros- 
pects — or wanting to work at 

Before starting a family, I 
saviour partnership continu- 

ing on its equal footing, but 
now I am convinced that 
despite the IS years of consid- 
erable change effected by foe 
women's movement, ft will be 
another generation at least 
before foe incredibly powerful 
“martyr mother” stereotype 
is modified in practice as well 
as in theory. 

From Fiona Bruee. 

Conduit House. 

Hyde Vale. London SEW. 

To quote Penny Pecrick 
(Beaten with a Silver Spoon. 
September 29): “Patrick 
Lichfield proves that life 
isn't a picnic for men either: 
in fact, 1 rather think that 
since they have never been 
allowed to express their feel- 
ings on the matter, they are 
foe ones who need all the 
support groups.” 

Who, may I ask, is stop- 
ping them expressing their 
feelmgs?.My heart bleeds for 


Wfecome from both world 
wars. WO come from 
Korea Kenya Malaya 
Aden, Cyprus, Ulster and 
from the Falklands. 

Now; disabled, we must 
look to you for help. 

Please help by helping 
our Association. 
helps to overcome the shockof losing arms, oriegs or an eye. 
And, for the severely handicapped, H provides Residential 
Homes wheretheycan live in peace and dignity. 

Help the disabled by helping BLESMA. We promise you that 

not one penny of your donation will be wasted. 

Donations ana mfomiatioaTThfl Chairman, 6 L£SMa.~ 

Midland Bank Ha..60V)fest Southfield. London EClASDX 

Give fo those who gave - please ^ 






























- ;~V‘ 


Almost free 


manage debates and speakers at 
ibis or future conferences”. 

Banners ban 

For the first time in four years 
there will be no CND repre- 
sentative at the Tory conference. 
Despite numerous phone calls 
during the summer, Central Office 
workers ignored CND’s request 
for application forms for observer 
passes. Another attempt last 
month was thwarted by a mix-up 
over photographs. Now, in a letter 
to CND. Robin Nelder. the party's 
national union secretary, has reg- 
retted that the applications were 
not dealt with in the normal way. 
CND’s Marjorie Thomson says 
she will most miss Michael Hes- 
eltine; “Last year we bad a nice 
chat about single-sex colleges.” 

• The foreigner's view of British 
eccentricity is lent weight by a 
questionnaire sent Co newcomers 
by the Inland Revenue. One 
question reads: “Do you intend to 
stay permanently in the United 
Kingdom? If ‘No’, bow long do yoo 
expect to stay (for example, for 2, 3 
or 10 years — or indefinitely)?” 


Yet another gaffe from Alan Clark, 
die loose-tongued trade minister 
of “Bongo-Bongo Land” feme, as 
the MoD considers which of three 
bidders should be given the 
management contract for the 
Devonport naval dockyard in 
Plymouth. Discarding ail min- 
isterial convention, Clark, a Plym- 
outh MP, emerged from a 
champagne reception given by one 
of the bidders, the American-led 
Foster-Wheeler consortium, last 
week and declared: “I believe the 
government should do nothing 
more than accept the Foster- 
Wheeler bid, which is good for the 
city.” He admitted he had not met 
the other bidders. 


Among those fulminating loudly 
against public schools at Black- 
pool last week was Chris Danes, of 
West Dorset Labour Party. He was 
particularly irate that Sherborne 
school, in his constituency, enjoys 
charity status and pays only half 
rates. ’“The people who live in 
Sherborne, the working class peo- 
ple in my community, are sub- 
sidizing the education of the rich," 
he said. “This is wrong.” A classic 
case of biting the hand that feeds, 
for Danes is a teacher at Sherborne 


Something old 

St Bride's Church in Fleet Street is 
staging the ultimate in traditional- 
ist one-upmanship: four scripture 
readings from the Tyndale Bible, 

starting at Evensong tonight Tbe 
bible was one of the earliest 
versions printed in English, and 
ended up by costing William 
Tyndale his life: he was martyred 
as a protestant heretic 450 years 
ago. The bible was suppressed at 
the time of its production, so this 
may well be the first time it has 
been incorporated into a church 
service. Anything rather than the 
AVu- English Bible . 1 say. 


Professor Richard Gregory has 
announced a breakthrough in the 
field of artifical intelligence: a 
robot that can play snooker. 
Gregory, head of brajn research at 
Bristol University, imparted the 
news when addressing 200 mem- 
bers of Mensa. the high-IQ society, 
at its fortieth anniversary dinner 
at Wadbam College, Oxford. “It 
later learns how to correct its 
mistakes.” claimed Gregory. I 
thought a snooker-playing robot 
existed already — named Steve 

■ Etovis - PHS 


Prior: telling all too soon 

Norman Tebbit's constituency 
party has launched an embarrass- 
ing attack on the way the Tory 
party runs its annual conference. 
A motion passed by the Chingford 
Tory association for debate in 
Bournemouth this week calls on 
conference organizers “not to 
manipulate procedures or stage- 

Tebbit. his agent, James Costello, 
tells me, was probably not present 
when the motion was agreed. He 
added, loyally: “You can’t allow 
anybody to stand up and say what 
they like if they’re going to bring 
us into disrepute.” It all reminds 
me of a moment during the 1982 
conference when a Young Conser- 
vative complained on a point of 
order that the foreign affairs 
resolution under discussion was 
“so bland, anodyne and plati- 
tudinous as not to be worthy of 
debate". His microphone was 
immediately turned off. leaving 
him shouting; “This conference 
has been stage-managed from start 
to finish!” The Chingford motion, 
I should add, has not been picked 
for debate. 

Jim Prior is an amiable man with 
a nice sense of humour. In the 
1970s I worked with him on an 
economic policy for the next 
Conservative government I en- 
joyed it even though disagreeing 
with many of his ideas and feeling 
that they lacked cutting edge. 

However, ratting edge is not 
everything. A government needs 
healers as well as cutters. U is 
regrettable that the Conservative 
leadership at the moment excludes 
such men of enormous experience 
and that Prior’s period in the 
Thatcher cabinet —as he tells us in 
his book. A Balance of Power— left " 
him feeling isolated, out-manoeu- 
vred and miserable: 

) am all for radical Conservative 
vigour but I cannot see why there 
has to be such an almost childish 
pattern of being “in” or “out” in 
today's Conservative politics. As 
ffrior observes in his book, there 
never used to be such a great 
distinction between right and left 
wings. Everything was held to- 
gether by broader ties and deeper 

A party needs its old guard as 
well as its fresh faces — all the 
more so when it is pushing ahead 
into a new and unfamiliar social 
landscape and when old assump- 
tions have to be discarded. The 
most dynamic society on earth — 
Japan - has long been dominated 
by sexagenarian youngsters. It has 
always struck me that there could 
be a lesson for us here 
That said, it puzzles me why 
Prior feds he needs to let off steam 
so soon after leaving office, how- 
ever uncomfortable be felt A 
book building on his Northern 

Jouaya, southern Lebanon 
From almost any pari of Jouaya 
you can see the tricolour floating 
in the warm breeze above the new 
headquarters of the UN's French 
battalion. It must be a good 12 feet 
long, dwarfing the handkerchief- 
sized blue UN flag above it. If the 
flags represent political priorities, 
there is no doubt whom the 
French paratroopers feel they are 
'representing in southern Lebanon; 
even less doubt whom their 
enemies feel they are fighting. 

The glory of France, and 
particularly its honour, matter a 
lot to the 1,040 soldiers now 
confined to this scruffy hilltop 
village and to the rather safer 
guardposts around the UN's com- 
mand headquarters at Naqqoura. 
On the walls of their billets they 
have painted not the olive 
branches and peaceful blue globe 
of the UN but the gold, brown and 
scarlet insignia of their own 
parachute regiment. These are 
fighting men. Members of other 
national contingents complain 
that wearing the UN's blue beret 
does not come easily to the 

Unfortunately, the French pres- 
ence in southern Lebanon has 
coincided with the emergence of 
an equally uncompromisingr and 
dedicated movement among the 
tens of thousands of Shia Muslims 
who live there — a movement 
believing that the UN serves only 
to protect the Israeli army in its 
occupation zone to the south, 
where several hundred Shias are 
held in a secret prison by Israel’s 
Christian militia allies. 

Eight hundred miles to the east, 
the Iranian spiritual brothers of 
the south Lebanese Shias say they 
are about to launch a final, 
overwhelming offensive against 
Iraq and prove that Shia Islam can 
once again be victorious. The UN 
force dreads such an outcome. For 
if victory can be achieved against 
Iraq, the Shias are asking, why not 
against Israel? 

The real problem, however, is 
that rhe Hezbollah — the “Party of 
God” — is steadily gaining power 
in the south from the more 
amenable, more nationalist and 
more westernized Araal move- 
ment The corruption of Amal in 
Beirut and its reputation as a 
“sandbag” for the Israelis in the 
south have served to weaken the 
ranks of the organization founded 
in 1975 to defend the rights of the 
deprived Shias of Lebanon. 

Amal has spent its time keeping 
the Palestinians in check, to the 
advantage of both the Syrians and 
the Israelis, while doing precious 
little to liberate southern Lebanon 
from its occupiers. So. at least, the 
Hezbollah claims. 

The strength of the Hezbollah, 
predictably. lies in the poorer hill 

by David Howell 

Ireland experiences would have 
been invaluable: one putting Ted 
Heath in a fairer light - long 
overdue — would have been 
fascinating A critique of eco- 
nomic policy would have helped 
the debate along, particularly now 
that the precision, fine-tuning, 
monetarists are in retreat and their 
shrill advice has given way to a 
more prudent caution. 

All these things find a place in A 
Balance of Power but they are not 
the centrepiece. That position is 
occupied by a full-blown assault 
by Prior on his former cabinet 
colleagues. The Raddiffe report 
on ministerial memoirs suggested 
15 years as the time that should 
elapse before confidential relat- 
ionships were exposed. Until then, 
it argued, reticence was not just a 
matter of taste but a public duty. 
Otherwise the essential informal- 
ity which enabled Cabinet mem- 
bers to speak their minds together 
would be destroyed. 

Quite apart from that, a proper 
memoir about the 1979-83 gov- 
ernment is hopelessly premature. 
The perspective at this pointblank 
range is bound to be wrong, if 
perspective is what one is seeking. 
For instance, Prior devotes a lot of 
space to the alleged rift between 
Wets and Dries. But it seems to 
me that here he believed what he 
read in the newspapers; it made 
splendid news copy but it was not 
the serious underlying debate at 

The real issue was. and remains. 

not between Keynesians and 
monetarists but between those 
“with an irresistible urge to turn 
the economic dials” (I quote 
Milton Friedman) and those who 
have a more modest view of what 
can be achieved in managing a 
medium sized open economy 
afloat in a sea of global pressures, 

I think, to his credit, that Prior 
gradually came to see the im- 
portance of sound monetary pol- 
icy. as far as it could be achieved, 
indeed be had already accepted it 
when we wrote The Right Ap- 
proach to the Economv together in 
1977. What he balked at, as 1 did, 
was the belief that concern with 
monetary factors should be ele- 
vated into a set of scientific rules 
which were then used to tyrannize 
discussion across tbe whole range 
of public policy. 

The Prior I like is the one who 
wanted to gel on with better youth 
training and educational develop- 
ment (he initiated the Youth 
Training Scheme) gramme), who 
favours student loans and who 
was healthily suspicious of macro- 
economic mumbu -jumbo, Tbe 
Prior who dismays me is the one 
who still thinks “a coherent 
industrial policy” is the answer 
and does not seem to appreciate 
the colossal changes in the pattern 
of work and industry, and there- 
fore in social attitudes, in recent 

Tbe Prior who saddens me is the 
one who decided to produce this 
very premature and partial ac- 

Robert Fisk reports on the Islamic hardline 
pressures that could leave Israel exposed 

Will the UN 
be forced out 
of Lebanon? 

Enemies all around: French para in a skirmish with Shia gunmen 

villages where Shia families live 
crowded into little breeze-block 
huts. In Marrakeh and Bouij 
Qalouwiyeh. and in a whole series 
of hamlets alomg the ridges above 
the dry. stony wadis east of Tyre, 
there are people who feel they 
would have little to lose from the 
departure of the UN. It was here 
that resistance to the Israelis was 
fiercest during iheir occupation of 
1984-85. In these villages now, 
Friday prayers are attended with a 
special intensity. 

The history of the Iranian 
revolution is embedded in these 
mean streets, for in the time of the 
Shah it was to the mosques east of 
Tyre that the Iranian opposition 
leaders — Ayatollah Beheshti, 
Abolhassan Bani Sadr and a host 
of others — came to communicate 
with the exiled Khomeini through 
the Amal leader. Imam Moussa 
Sadr, himself an Iranian. 

In the wealthier Shia villages to 
the south . radical sentiments have 

met with less enthusiasm. In Qana 
and Tibnin, for example, even in 
Jouaya. money has flowed in from 
Lebanese expatriates who made 
their fortunes in Sierra Leone, the 
Ivory Coast, Senegal and Nigeria. 
Smart new bousing complexes and 
villas are being built here by 
families who outwardly tolerate 
Islamic dress and the local ban on 
alcohol but who have nothing to 
gain from Hezbollah fundament- 
alism. One mpn has even built a 
villa in the shape of a Concorde 
airliner. No revolutionary he. 

The result of this geographical 
disparity is that the UN battalions 
to the north — the French and the 
Finns and to some extent the 
Fijians — have inherited a more 
radicalized community than their 
luckier comrades in the Irish and 
Nepalese battalions further south. 
Nevertheless, even in Tibnin the 
Hezbollah is gradually taking 
power by the simple process of 
winning over Amal officers. 

count of tbe early 1980s; who 
oversimplifies the complexity of 
the problems and choices we 
faced. noi least in the energy 
sector, and who fails to acknowl- 
edge that the deep changes this 
government has made will take 
years to bear fruiL 
For commentators to put to- 
gether and publish their various 
interpretations of what has 
misleadingly been described as 
“the Thatcher experiment” is fair 
enough. For the Opposition to 
want everything to happen yes- 
terday and demand instant results 
is inevitable. But for those who 
have been at the heart of govern- 
ment to rush out dismissive 
judgments on work far from 
completed seems unwise and. in 
this case, a bit out of character. 

1 suppose one answer to the 
question of why this book was 
written is that Jim Prior probably 
felt that his own contribution in 
government was being distorted 
and sneered at m leaks and 
rumours by those experts who 
today seem to be the grubby camp 
followers of govemraent- 
Thai is certainly hand to 
bear.But the best riposte in the 
short term is firmly to refute the 
nastier and wilder claims and to 
carry on with the development of 
ideas which one believes to be 
right. “Tell all” memoirs surely 
ought to wait. I'm sorry that genial 
Mr Prior has chosen to do it 
another way. 

QTIoms NawapapM, 1988. 

David Howell. MP for Guildford, was 
Energy Secretary. 1979311. and 
Transport Sccrctan’. J 98 1-83. A 

Balance of Power is published by 
Hatnish Hamilton (£12.95). 

Even the liberty, equality and 
fraternity of the French Republic 
cannot compete with the nascent 
Islamic republic whose ghostly 
birth can already be observed in 
southern Lebanon. Indeed, the 
UN and its friendly liaison with 
Amal is now almost all that stands 
in the way of a South Lebanon 
Islamic Republic, which is why 
the Israelis are unwise to shrug off 
the effects of a possible UN 

Indeed, the much-publicized 
arrival of Israeli troop reinforce- 
ments on the international fron- 
tier, and inside their occupation 
zone in Lebanon, may have the 
opposite effect to that intended. 
Instead of fearing another inva- 
sion. many Lebanese have con- 
cluded that the Israelis are 
frightened of entering Lebanon 
again because of the casualties 
they would inevitably suffer. Per- 
haps. they reason, the Israelis 
merely intend to destroy villages 
with long-range shellfire. 

In the days of the Palestinian 
presence in southern Lebanon, 
such ruthless scorched-earth tac- 
tics might have worked. But 
although the South Lebanon 
Army militia and tbe Israelis have 
already wreaked havoc with their 
artillery on villages such as Yater, 
some of the peasant farmers have 
remained on their land. And the 
new resistance movement, fired 
by years of occupation and in- 
spired and paid for by Iran, is 
unlikely to be cowed so easily. 

Many UN officers would like to 
see the French quietly withdrawn. 
Amid the crisis in southern Leba- 
non, the presence of an army with 
so colonial a history in Lebanon, 
representatives of a nation that 
has been openly selling sophis- 
ticated weapons to Iran's enemy in 
the Gulf war, is a positive danger 
to the UN’s existence here. 

But ultimately, the growing 
anger and frustration among the 
Shias will decide the fateful days 
ahead. The Israelis say they will 
not abandon their occupation 
zone — or “security zone” as they 
insist on calling it — even though, 
in reality, it provides hardly any 
security either to the Lebanese 
who live in it or to tbe Israelis of 
Galilee who still come under 
Katyusha rocket attack. 

The trouble is that it may now 
be too late even to consider an 
Israeli withdrawal to the inter- 
national frontier. If the UN were 
to complete its mandate and 
patrol all of southern Lebanon 
down to the border, it would need 
exceptional powers and consid- 
erable reinforcement. With Amal 
crumbling away and the Hez- 
bollah growing in power, a UN 
withdrawal is the more likely, to 
the detriment of Lebanese and 
Israelis alike: 

Baker makes Parent Power the theme 

No minister has a harder task in 
Bournemouth this week than 
Kenneth Baker, the Education 
Secretary. Education, an issue that 
can lose elections even if it cannot 
win them, has been at the top of 
the political agenda since the 
teachers' strike began. 

At the fast election, polls 
showed the Tories as the party 
held to have the best education 
policies. Now the voters prefer 
Labour’s approach by a margin of 
3 to 2. 

The strike is still not settled. 
Inspectors produce gloomy re- 
ports about the decaying fabric of 
our schools. Universities com- 
plain that felling funds will force 
some to dose. Employers moan 
that the nation's £15 billion-a- 
year investment is not producing 
schoo Weavers with the aptitudes 
or the attitudes required. 

There are battles within the 
Tory party over the latest Educa- 
tion Bill. And though this govern- 
ment has a good reforming record 
with the introduction of GCSE 
and the technical and vocational 
initiative, nobody believes its 
claims to be spending more on 

In spite of all that the Prime 
Minister still believes that educa- 
tion can be turned into an election 
winner. She chose the shrewd and 
affable Baker for the task because 
he is the best political salesman 
-she has. The difficulty is in 
defininz the nroduct he is to selL ■ 

The Department of Education 
and Science does not actually run 
Britain's education system. It is 
mostly funded by local authori- 
ties; and control is a matter of 
somewhat f oggy arrangements be- 
tween local education authorities, 
teachers and school governors. 
And there is a Tory faction fight 
over what to do with that control. 

The consolidators want to run 
the existing system better by 
exerting a greater measure of 
central control Patten in his time 
proposed funding more education 
with specific grants for particular 
purposes, such as the in-service 
training of teachers. 

The radicals, such as the “No 
Turning Back” group, frequently 
egged on at private dinners and in 
Cabinet committees by the Prime 
Minister (who has an abiding 
suspicion of educational bureau- 
crats from her time as Education 
Secretary), want schools to be 
given more independence from 
both local and national bureau- 

Schools would earn funds 
according to how well they sat- 
isfied their customers, the parents, 
who would be able to “spend” 
vouchers at the school of their 
choice. The radicals' theory is 
thaL if parents could decide which 
schools their children attended, 
they would withdraw them from 
schools that allotted time, for 
example, to “peace studies” rather 
than 1 6 the three Rs. or that 

overdid the references to homo- 
sexuality in sex education, and 
send them instead to those that 
maintained high moral and disci- 
plinary standards. 

As a halfway stage the radicals 
would settle for the revival of 
direct-grant grammar schools. 
And they have lately been flexing 
their muscles over the Education 
Bill that Baker inherited from Sir 
Keith, stiffening it with extra 
clauses to prevent political bias in 
teaching, to ensure police access to 
schools and to force the university 
authorities to maintain freedom of 
speech on campuses. 

In fact the lines between 
consolidators and radicals are now 
binning. Tbe Prime Minister 
would like a core syllabus as well 
as a core curriculum, a dearly 
centralist move. The impeccably 
dry Treasury would like more 
central funding to keep a tighter 
hand on teachers’ pay. The 
consolidators, on the other hand, 
have come to favour reforms such 
asopen enrolment and per capita 
funding of schools which meet the 
radical demand for parental 
choice and variety of provision. 

Baker himself, who has already 
transformed the mood of the 
educational worid with judicious 
handouts to the polytechnics and 
for GCSE exam preparations, is 
steering a dever middle course by 
making more money dependent 
upon reforms at the chalk-face. 

He will give nothing on 

teachers’ pay until the unions 
deliver on performance assess- 
. raenl on no-disruption guarantees 
and on covering for absence. He 
has pleased tbe radicals by reopen- 
ing the question of student loans 
to help finance higher education. 
And he will please them further 

this week by announcing the 
setting up of 20 centrally-funded 

setting up of 20 centrally-funded 
technical schools in inner cities 
with a heavy vocational emphasis, 
the first big breach in the com- 
prehensive principle for 20 years. 

Baker will not announce tomor- 
row die government's conversion 
to vouchers. But be will adopt 
some of the radicals* themes. In a 
key passage, he will insist that 
education can no longer be or- 
ganized for the convenience of the 
academics, administrators and 
teachers* unions and must be 
shaped instead by what is good for 
the individual child and meets 
parents’ aspirations. 

He will make it dear that in the 
struggle over who runs die 
schools, the government, which is 
already increasing the number of 
parent governors, intends to tilt 
the balance stilt further from the 
producers to the consumers of 
education. He and Mrs Thatcher 
have agreed that the Conservative 
approach to education in the next 
election will be: Vote Tory for 
Parent Power. 

Anne Sofer 

Getting into bed 
with hypocrisy 

Sex and politics were denned to be 
“not nice” topics of conversation 
in mixed company at Victorian 
dinner tables. The modern self- 
appointed guardians of Victorian 
values believe them to be “not 
nice” subjects for consideration in 
the school curriculum. 

Consider, for a moment, the 
hvpocrisy that lies behind this 
movement, and in particular the 
role that Kenneth Baker, the 
Education Secretary, has played. 
He is trying to prevent a nglu- 
wing revolt on the subject of sex 
education by appearing an even 
more zealous guardian of propri- 
ety than Peter Bniinvds. the Mr 
for Leicester East Casting around 
for an. appropriate whipping-boy. 
he has failed (lazily) *? “V 
further than the now fairly hoary 
“scandal” of the Inner London 
Education Authority's "gay 
schoolbook”. Jenny Lives with 
Eric and Martin. 

The book was spotted earlier 
ffi is year on an ILEA reading list, 
and was subsequently hasaly re- 
moved and publicly banned by the 
Labour leadership from the open 
shelves. The story was dead. 
However, as a result of Baker s 
recycling exercise, there can be no 

doubt that more young children 
have seen the offending photo- 
graph (two dishy young men 
sharing breakfast in bed with a 
little girl) than would otherwise 
have been the case. It has. through 
press and television, penetrated 
practically every home in the land. 
Who knows bow many little girls 
have been given the idea that 
living with Daddy and his lover 
might be quite fun? 

In The Sunday Times die 
reproduced photograph shared a 
page (by accident) with a spoof 
comic strip advertising a new 
travel card issued by the National 
Bus Company. This, showing with 
what e«se a young man can travel 
round the country seducing a girt 
ai every stop, is a direct incite- 
ment to promiscuity. Of course 
nobody takes it seriously. 

But why. in a society awash with 
articles, stories, photographs, 
quizzes, agony columns, gossip 
columns and sensational revela- 
tions on the subject of sex. all of it 
accessible to children, is there 
such hysteria at the thought that 
teachers might say something to 
them on the subject as well? 

Now I think it is perfectly fair to 
say that some of the sillier left- 
wing education authorities have 
asked for it They sometimes talk 
as if it is their mission in life to 
brainwash every man, woman and 
child who sets foot in a public 
institution under their conuoL 
“We will dismantle racism and 
sexism,” they cry, and no decent 
person dare demur, though plenty 
in their hearts find the language 
frightening, with its suggestion of 
some sort of mass lobotomy. On 
issues of sexuality, however, the 
worm turns: that is a family, not a 
political matter, says roused pub- 
lic opinion. Keep off! 

On neither side of this debate is 
there much contact with the 
reality of what is happening in the 
great majority of sex education 
lessons. Politicians and journalists 

would do well to remember that 
the public ranks theif wo trades 
right at the bottom of the scale. 
Parents would far rather entrust 
their children’s sex education to 
teachers - particularly if they arc 
given some idea of the contents — 
than to any of us. My own 
impression is that sex education is 
more informative and helpful 
than it used to be. though still of 
marginal influence. Many chil- 
dren may well be confused, un- 
happv and frightened about sex 
but, if they arc, it is less because of 
ignorance titan because they do 
not know what the sexual mores of 
their own society are. That is 
hardly the teachers* fault 

Political education has become 
similarly contentious. Here, how- 
ever. though the reaction of the 
right is as hypocritical, the threat 
from the left is more serious. 
Conservatives who have been 
entirelv happy with textbooks 
extolling the world-redeeming vir- 
tues of the British Empire are not 
well placed to complain about the 
new anti-imperialistic orthodoxy 
or fume when Arthur ScargiU is 
invited to address the sixth form 
on the Case for Coal. 

Nevertheless, some Labour 
politicians with educational power 
are displaying a dangerous intel- 
lectual authoritarianism. There is 
a “required” view on certain 
historical events, and instructions 
to heads that politicians of other 
parties are not to be invited to 
speak. (Shirley Williams was twice 
recently “uninvited” as a result of 
such instructions.) 

It is high time the local ttluca- 
tion authorities got their act 
together on these issues and 
agreed some guidelines, if they* do 
not. it is a fair prediction that 
individual acts of silliness or 
bolshiness will be brutally ex- 
ploited by the new Secretary of 
State. Remember, after all, that 
the Open University — despite 
being Britain's cheapest and most 
accessible higher education in- 
stitution — has suffered grievous 
cuts for years as a result of 
somebody whispering “Marxists” 
in Keith Joseph's ear. 

Kenneth Baker has had a fair 
wind as Education Secretary* 
mostly because he has given the 
impression of being less tight- 
fisted than his predecessor. But it 
should not be forgotten that he is a 
far more ruthless centralizer and a 
far less scrupulous tactician. 

The most ominous part of the 
public-relations exercise sur- 
rounding the “gay schoolbook" 
affair was the orchestrated briefing 
the press had dearly hod. to the 
effect that the Secretary of State 

was sadly inhibited in this matter 
because he had no power over the 
local education authorities. If only 

local education authorities. If only 
(it was implied) sensible Kenneth 
Baker directly controlled what 
went on in schools, your child 
would be protected. It is the old 
technique of inflating a scare story 
to justify the iron fist. If he had a 
proper sense of gratitude. Baker 
would name the first three of his 
projected “Crown Schools” after 
Jenny, Eric and Martin. 

The author is a member of the SDP 
national committee. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Don’t hang up, 
have a flutter 

Our traditional red phoneboxes 
are being sold abroad by British 
Telecom, not for use as phone- 
boxes but as small greenhouses, 
shower units, changing cubicles, 
ere However, fetters from some of 
my older readers suggest that this 
is not tbe first time phoneboxes 
have shown their versatility . . . 
From General Sir David Cutlery 
Sir. I wonder if you are aware that 
during the war the Monte Carlo 
embassy in London was housed 
for two years in a fully-working 
telephone box. My friend Pierre 
Fastnet, the ambassador, reck- 
oned that during the war he should 
not occupy valuable property, so 
be moved his embassy into the 
phonebox outside his house. 

After the first two months he 
had still had no business to de al 
with, except for a few wrong 
numbers, so he decided to convert 

After installing a small roulette 
game, he took bets through a 
window that had no glare. I 
believe this became one of 
Monaco's chief sources of income 
during the war. 

Of course the authorities tried 
to stop this public gambling, but as 
the casino was in the Moaaco 
embassy, which by definition was 
foreign temtory. they had no 
jurisdiction over Pierre’s gam- 
bling. I believe he ended the war 
£3 million up. 

Yours, etc. 

for a certain Pierre, to the effect 
that someone wanted to put 
£5,000 on the red. To this day I 
have no idea what he meant. 

Yours, etc. 

From Mrs Grade Spinster 
Sir, i wonder if I am the only 
reader who remembers a phone- 
box being used as consecrated 

At the end of the war. I lived 
near a Catholic church in London 
which had been badly bombed. 
The priest sensibly decided that 
tbe best place to take confession 
was in two phoneboxes just out- 
side the church, so he would go 
into one and his parishioner 
would go into the other and ring 
him up, and there they would sit. 
the two of them, chatting away. 

I rememberthe priest telling me 
once that he had taken the 
precaution of blessing both the 

— a^iuiiuAJig thCm 

with holy water, but it didn't seem 
to make much difference to the 
amount of wrong numbers he got. 
One fellow, f remember, was some 
kind of French bookmaker who 
rang him up by mistake. They had 
quite a talk, he and the priest, as a 
result of which the betting man 
vowed he would never get in- 
volved in gambling again. 

The priest gave up his phone- 
box existence when the phone 
rang one night and a voice said: 
“This is Cod speaking. I cannot 
afford all these phone bills. 
Father." Later, we found it was the 
chap from the Baptist Church, but 
we didn't know that then. 

Yours, etc 
From the late Arthur Koestler 
Sir, Yes! There is another worid 
beyond! And we can hear anything 
you say! Unfortunately, you can- 
not hear anything we say. So we 
are buying up enormous quanti- 
Ott of those old red phoneboxes 
which British Telecom are flog- 
ging off, and 1 am the first one to 
be allowed to put a ca^through to 
JF' ffflroy message to you is 
this: All that money I left behind 
for research into the paranormal, 
don t waste it on that! Spend it on 

-pip pip pip pip pip pi p _ 

? Ul of 10p pieccs and 
meres a long queue outside the 

p£L, h gf lcd by my Old friend 
Pierre Fastnet, so I'll get in touch 
some other time ... 

From Rear Admiral Nigel Trinket 
Sir. I wonder if I am the only one 
of your readers to have seen a 

telephone kiosk used as a diving 
bell? In the 1940s. when I was a 

Robin Oakley 

Political Editor 

young naval officer at Ports- 
mouth. we had a suspected 
cracked propeller at a time when 
no diver was available As it was 
an emergency, our captain had the 
brilliant idea of lowering a nearby 
phone kiosk, which was not only 
strong enough to withstand pres- 
sure but also had ready-built 
windows for viewing. 

We quickly put chains on the 
phonebox and L as volunteer, was 
lowered inside it with a bright 
torch to combat the murky depths. 
The extraordinary thing was that 
after my mission had been 
successfully completed, but before 
I had been hauled to the top again, 
the phone rang! It was a message 

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^ne 8 115 eC0n0rny back ’"to 

But the world of fixed 
S2 , .«« 8 uJ* t ? inaugurated by 

^ U0 | n 07O? OdS r? lSaPPeare<J in 

the 1970s. Floating rates 
removed a discipline exerted 
by the need to maintain a fixed 
parity. They gave politicians a 
measure of independence in 
the domestic policies they 
pursue. That in turn has 
allowed larger trade im- 
balances to develop - sur- 
pluses in Japan and Germany 
deficits in the US. 

Since the industrialised 
countries have been unable to 
agree on a new system with an 
automatic discipline like fixed 
rates, they have tried to solve 
trade imbalances by co- 
ordinating their economic 
policies. Here the broad idea is 
that surplus countries should 
stimulate their economies 
(and take risks with inflation) 
in order to improve the trade 
prospects of deficit countries. 

In the later 1970s, for in- 
stance. the Organisation for 
Economic Co-operation and 
Development picked up the 
baton with the concept of 
“locomotive'* economies 
which would haul the world 
out of recession. Now we have 
a new concept of target in- 
dicators which was bom at the 


Tokyo economic summit and 
given some slight nourishment 
in Washington last week. 

For those who see a new 
world order of agreed eco- 
nomic taigets as a feasible 
solution to the recurring im- 
balances, the Plaza meeting a 
year ago held out hope. On 
that occasion, agreement was 
reached both on the need to 
devalue the dollar and on co- 
operation over managing the 
process. At last week's meet- 
ings, however, it was abun- 
dantly clear that there is no 
similar consensus over what to 
do now. 

The heart of the problem 
was a US-German dispute 
over whether Bonn should cut 
its interest rates. Next month's 
mid-term elections area strong 
incentive to the US admin- 
istration to tackle the pause in 
US economic growth. What 
better than to cut interest rates 
and blame any ill con- 
sequences on those Europeans 
who stubbornly maintain high 
rates despite surpluses? 

The Germans can hardly be 
blamed for .not cooperating. 
The German economy is 
reviving steadily and looks set 
for solid growth next year of 
perhaps three per cent. Noth- 
ing which remotely resembles 
fiscal or monetary laxity is 
likely to be a vote-winner in 
Germany — and German elec- 
tions too are in the offing. 
They might also be forgiven 
for questioning bow much 
effect a half-point reduction in 
German interest rates would 
really have on America's 
mountainous trade deficit and 
on total US output. 

That does not mean that 
such meetings are valueless. 
The understanding which 
develops as finance ministers 
have a good moan to each 
other about their difficulties 
may perhaps bring their views 
closer to a consensus than any 
formal framework of conver- 
gence. But it demonstrates that 
domestic considerations, 
whether political or economic, 
are likely to triumph over the 

pressures for economic policy 

Until and unless a new 
Bretton Woods system is 
established, therefore, trade 
imbalances are likely to con- 
tinue. That is not necessarily 
something to despair over. A 
trade deficit cannot be sus- 
tained indefinitely. By driving 
down the currency, it stimu- 
lates inflation at home and 
provokes political unpopular- 
ity. That is itself a discipline of 
sorts. If the existing govern- 
ment does not take remedial 
action, its successor wilL 

Both the IMF meeting and 
the meetingof the Woiid Bank 
which accompanies it also 
provide a forum for discussion 
of Third World debt. Since last 
year's meeting the fall in oil 
prices has considerably eased 
the problem for those develop- 
ing countries which import oil. 
Bui the benefit of this to the 
banking system is partly offset 
by the magnification of the 
debt problem faring oil 
producers like Mexico. 

That is a problem which the 
world banking system has 
postponed rather than solved. 
Here, moreover, solutions 
other than adhoccery are avail- 
able. For instance, the debtor 
countries might transfer equity 
in their publicly-owned enter- 
prises to the banks as debt 
repayment That would have 
two advantages. It would, first 
give the banks an interest in 
improving the efficiency of the 
concerns — with beneficial 
effects on the debtor nation's 
economy as a whole. And, 
secondly, the banks could then 
trade the equity, thus spread- 
ing the risks of Third World 

The net result of the finan- 
cial diplomacy in Washington 
will prove disappointing to 
those who see the creation of a 
new world economic order of 
planned co-operation in eco- 
nomic management as fea- 
sible. But these were 
unrealistically high expecta- 
tions in the first place. 



British campaign in 
. ... . . ir Europe which has always been 
•; certain of public support has 
. . been that for the de-regulation 
: ■ of airlines. Enough business- 
1 men now travel on scheduled 
• flights abroad to be aware of 
•• ;the anomalies which pla^ie 
the industry and inhibit its 

growth. That it often costs less 

to cross the Atlantic than to 

• ' . J ' cross France — and, indeed, 
^ .less to traverse Europe than 
the Channel — reflects a cosy 
. .. . sysiemof cartels which neither 
wins nor deserves much sym- 
. ..r.raihy. 

This “compare and 

• ; rontrasT exercise can, of 

’ourse. be carried too far. To 

expect the fere structure m 
1 Europe to mirror precisely that 
' v n the United States, where 
. airlines compete for a large 
and profitable unified market, 

• s arguably to expect too much. 

' V - But there are enough inconsis- 
...encies on this side of the 
Atlantic for any unprejudiced 
. observer to perceive the need. 
or rationalisation. And it is 
>nlv in recent years that the 
jnited Slates itself has wholly 
: tismantled the airfrne regu- 
aiorv apparatus which kept 
- - " nany inter-state fares high. 

.Ur-'lfl Within Europe, it is Briram 
' 11 * 411 iai has led the crusade to free 
urope’s airlines from the 
resent system of constraints 
, ■ 1 *-* ; 1( i expose them to the 

ivigorating wind of com- 
niiion. But apart from the 
. - :i- c :!r ~-uich (with whom there is a 
• -‘ :u- hi ghly successful bilateral 
‘‘‘ ’•.Tangement), there has been 

• rlC -,r-iIe enthusiasm to join its 
- V inners. Indeed the Bnush 

• "> itiative originally, earned no 

' r ore than the suspicion of the 
,; !f immunity partners, who a- 
sed the Government of try- 
z to feather its own nest- 

given the size and importance 
of British Airways. 

The cause began to gather 
momentum only this Summer 
when the European Commis- 
sion, incensed by the failure of 
the Community's airlines to 
comply with that .part of the 
Treaty of Rome which deals 
with encouraging competition, 
sent threatening letters to 12 
major airlines. Since then the 
issue has been hot to much 
■ whether things would change, 
but 'when and how. 

These questions, however, 
are hard enough to answer. We 
are now more than halfway 
through the British EEC presi- 
dency which, with a twelve- 
member community, will 
presumably be the last before 
1992 -the year by which 
, reforms of the internal Euro- 
pean Market should be com- 
plete. With a strong headwind 
blowing from a number- of 
governments (Greece and Italy 
are said to be among the most 
cautious) it is clear that 
progress is painfully slow. 

To an extent this is under- 
standable. The system under 
which the big state airlines 
have parcelled out passengers 
and prices, " has grown up 
piecemeal over a generation. 
The European industry in- 
cludes, moreover, airlines like 
SAS in Scandinavia which 
have to operate unprofitable 
routes to die frozen North as a 
public service — and expect to 
make up the deficit on tl * 
more lucrative routes. 

Nor is deregulation without 
its problems. More than half 
the operators in the United 
States have gone out of busi- 
ness since de-regulation there 
eight years ago. Examples like 
this do riot nullify the basic 

argument that competition is 
good for you. Experience has 
so far suggested that increased 
competition in the air leads to 
lower feres and thence to 
increased business overall. But 
they help to explain why some 
airlines are wary of moving too 
far too fast. 

It is in recognition of these 
difficulties that Britain has 
opted for the path of gradual- 
ism. This was apparent at the 
informal meeting ofTransport 
Ministers in London last Fri- 
day at which they prepared the 
way for their official session in 
Brussels next month. The 
Dutch are already impatient 
with the progress being made. 

The advance towards 1992 
will be made in three stages, 
the first lasting three years, the 
second probably two years, 
and then a final one-year run- 
in to de-regulation. How 
would this operate in practice? 
For instance, the allocation of 
seats on any one route — now 
largely shared by airlines on a 
50-50 basis — would move to a 
55-45 per cent in phase one. A 
75-25 per cent split which 
would allow any one airline to 
sell three out of every four 
seats on a straight competitive 
basis, would still lie in the 

So far, so good. If progress 
can be more easily be achieved 
in stages than by a bonfire of 
restrictions, then that is the 
right way to go. But gradual 
progress must be not allowed 
to become mere time-wasting 
to delay full , competition till 
the Greek kalends. The Gov- 
ernment should therefore ob- 
tain from its community 
partners a full and unbreak- 
able committment to the later 
. two stages before it steps out of 
the president's chair. v ■ - 



><• l' 1 ’ 
I 1 ■' 

t -h 




igree proposal 

Profaor KN.Gmwvtf 

Before too many people are 
jilcd into following the Vic^- 


iiember 17) and the Ptwident 
he Secondary’ Heads Assoa- 
n (September 26) down the 

i towards 3 *<55 

it would be well to asses 5 

likely status of this qualifies- 

{ready there are problems to 
nitS international acreptabfl- 
for our three-year honours 
ee as a graduate qualification 
id then only on the grounds 
it builds on the specia >za- 

s 'provided by the pt«ent A- 
I svllabuses and benefits from 
mensive nature of our under- 

uate teaching- „ w .hJhrm 
te broadening of 
• and the plans for a flve- 


a; qualification gained after a 

further two years of study at a 
university or polytechnic could at 
best be described as a diploma. ~ 
There may well be merit in 
having a formal 2+2 degree 
scheme, but let us not delude 
ourselves and our students into 
believing that the qualification 
obtained after two years would be 
regarded by others as a degree: that 
would only be earned after the full 

four years of higher education. 

Yours faithfully, 


University of Leeds. 

Department of Inoigamc and 
Structural Chemistry. 

Leeds. West Yorkshire. 

September 39. --- 

Motor trade code 

From the Director of the Socien 
Motor Manufacturers & Traders 
Sir. It is a matter of regret that in 
your report (September -4) on the 
gfficeof Fair Trading survey you 
omitted the equally newsworthy 
findings- that mne out of^lO 

motorists are generally satisfied 
with their new cars and that the - 
level of satisfaction with car 
repairs and servicing was just as 

Your comments on the effec- 
tiveness of the motor industry 
code of practice are at odds with 
the OFTs own conclusion that the 
advances made since the code was 
introduced in 1976 are “to the 
credit of the industry'". 

The Society of Motor Manufee- • 
uims. and Traders, the Moiof. 
Agents Association -and the Scot- 
tish' Motor Trade Association .' 
have recently formed the Motor 
Industry' Consumer Action Group 
through which we are determined 
to improve still further the service ■ 
to our customers. 

Yours faithfully. 

The Society of Motor Manufac- 
turers & Traders. Ltd. 

Forbes House. \ 

HaJkin Street. 5W1. 

September 26. ' - 


On other side of 
nuclear fence 

From Monsignor Bruce Kent 
Sir. Mr Mark Lomas (October 1) 
queries Labour's non-nuclear poli- 
cies on the grounds that unless we 
rely on American nudear weapons 
for the effective defence of western 
Europe. “Present Naio defence 
strategy is not otherwise credible." 

He has actually pul his finger 
precisely on the spot where that 
strategy is now quite incredible, 
since it assumes that some use of 
nuclear weapons is possible with- 
out general catastrophe resulting. 
From Lord Mountbatxen to 
Pabne’s common security report 
have come authoritative rejec- 
tions of the idea that a war 
involving nuclear weapons has 
any chance of being limited in 

Yet Lord Carrington, in Decem- 
ber last year, affirmed that one 
function of Nato's nuclear weap- 
ons is “to provide credible retal- 
iatory capabilities if deterrence 
fa/leeT (my italics). How can a 
credible defence policy indude the 
real possibility that, if a war starts 
by accident or miscalculation, we 
will risk destroying ourselves and 
a large pan of our world? 

Mr Lomas should direct his 
questions about credibility to 
Nato's leaders rather than to the 
Labour Party. 

Yours faithfully, 


St John the Evangelist. 

39 Duncan Terrace. 

Islington. NL 

From Rear-Admiral D. C. Jen kin 
Sir. Why ail the foss by the Labour 
Rany that Messrs Weinberger and 
Perie are “interfering in the British 
election process"? 

In a defensive military alliance 
the defence efforts of each individ- 
ual member obviously affects the 
security of all the others, so if the 
unilateral action of one is felt to 
imperil the safety of another, has 
that country no right to speak out? 
Indeed, is he not duty bound to his 
own people to do so? 

In a team game, if the inside 
right decides to throw his boots 
away and play in bare feet, has the 
rest of the team no right to 

Yours sincerely. 


Knapsyard House, 




October 2. 

Insult and injury 

From Mr C. II. McCall 
Sir. A few days ago. in the heat of a 
sunny Sunday morning, my wife's 
handbag was snatched from her 
grasp by a motor cyclist outside 
the cathedral at Verona. We were 
lucky. We were not hurt phys- 
ically. We did not lose passports, 
money, or travellers' cheques, the 
staples of existence abroad. But we 
lost things of great personal value; 
and we were, in a spiritual sense, 
deeply wounded. Above all else, a 
love of Italy, stretching in my case 
over 30 years, was put at risk. 

h is naive to think that such 
things only happen abroad: twice 
in recent years Italian friends have 
come to me w ith wretched tales of 
theft in London. Equally, such so- 
called petty crime is intertwined 
with problems such as unemploy- 
ment and drugs: and these may, 1 
now gather, be more prevalent in 
Verona than is easy to reconcile 
with the glorious cultural image of 
that city (a fact which readers 
contemplating a visit may wish to 
note). Doubtless many have suf- 
fered worse than we did; and 
doubtless many will yet do so. 

My concern in writing to you. 
Sir. is to ask how far in this 
country we are conscious of the 
need to help travellers who suffer 
such outrages in our own land. My 
experience suggest that any na- 
tion which secs tourism not just as 
a source of funds but as a means to 
generate undemanding and good- 
will should think carefully how it 
can limit the damage done by 

in Verona 

events which may. if not handled 
with imagination, send the trav- 
eller home with feelings of sheer 

A country that promotes tour- 
ism should recognize that tourists 
are. in some sense at Inst, its 
guests, and that it has a duty to 
help them if their confidence in its 
hospitality is betrayed. Anyone 
suffering an attack of this nature 
must feel debased and hurt: but 
the position of those fer from 
home: particularly those not 
readily able to make themselves 
understood, mav need special 
treatment if the aftermath is not to 
do more harm than the incident 

Unfortunately, it must be all too 
easy for the authorities to see such 
persons as having brought their 
troubles on themselves, as having 
problems which will go away when 
they go home, and as raising issues 
which rank low in priority' when 
compared with others requiring 
official attention. 

! would hope that care is taken 
to stamp out such reactions, ones 
which seem to me fundamentally 
to misconceive the duties owed by 
a host country to its visitors and 
which, as t now know, can leave 
the traveller feeling that he has 
faced a disdain adding tnsuh to 

Yourc faithfullv. 

7 New Square. 

Lincoln's Inn. WC2. 

September 39. 

Rescue archaeology 

From Mr Brian HoNey 
Sir. Mr P. W. Rumble (September 
35) and Dr Henry Clcere (Septem- 
ber 29). in calling attention to the 
failure to food archaeological 
investigations, highlight the major 
crisis of British archaeology today: 
that of public developers railing to 
fund rescue excavations. 

The Department ofTransport. 
as a major public developer, 
should be following the lead of 
private developers nationwide in 
meeting the costs of archaeological 
investigation ahead of their 
redevelopments. In London and 
other historic towns in recent 
years substantial programmes of 
rescue excavations have been 
made possible by private devel- 
opers at the cost of many millions 
of pounds. 

Relations between private 
developers and archaeologists are 
much improved today, as dem- 
onstrated earlier this year by the 

collaboration of my association 
with the British Property Federa- 
tion to produce a voluntary code 
of practice equally relevant to 
public developers, including fee 
Department of Transport. The 
Corporation of the City* of London 
has here taken an important lead 
by funding archaeological in- 
vestigations on its own redevelop- 
ment sites. 

The rescuing of our nation's 
archaeological heritage urgently 
requires a partnership between 
developers, English Heritage and 
archaeological rescue units, such 
as that successfully achieved on 
the just-completed, year-long 
£600.000 Roman basilica excava- 
tion in London. ' 

Yours sincerely. 

BRIAN HOBLEY (Chairman. 
Standing Conference of 
Archaeological Unit Managers), 
c/o The Museum of London. 

150 London Wall. EC2. 
September 29. 

A scroll in question 

From Mr Derek Bryan 
Sir, In the early part of this century 
huge quantities of wall paintings, 
silks, manuscripts and other trea- 
sures were carried off from China 
by foreign archaeologists, in 
particular Sir Aurel Stein, who 
deposited most of bis acquisitions 
in the British Museum. 

Of these treasures, perhaps the 
most famous is a block-printed 
Buddhist scroll, the Diamond 

Considering that printing was 
invented to China, and that the. 
Diamond Sutra is the oldest 
printed book in the world 
authenticated as to date would it 
not be an appropriate symbolic 
gesture of friendship for ber 
Majesty the Queen to restore h to 
its original home when she visits 

Yours faithfully. 


85 Holden Road. NlZ 
October -3 l 

Historic hangar 

From Mr Brian Wrigley 
Sir. The RAF is leaving Hendon 
on April I next year after some 70 
years and the event is being 
commemorated by honouring the 
service with the freedom of the 
Borough of Barnet, in which 
Hendon Aerodrome is situated. . 

However, the aerodrome is 
older than fee RAF. having been 
founded by the great aviation 
pioneer. Claude Grahame-White. 
in 1910. Nothing remains of this 
early period, but amongst the 
buildings dating from the Great 
War there is a hangar, a listed 
building, which includes an office 
block bearing the name, “The 
Grahame-White Company 

The Ministry of Defence is 
proposing to demolish this hangar 
despite its listing, but Barnet 
Borough Council, bearing in mind 

the historic importance of Hen- 
don Aerodrome, .is opposed to 
demolition, not only in view of fee 
historic significance of the build- 
ing but also because of the lack of 
evidence that possible alternative 
uses for it have been examined. 

Representations for the reten- 
tion of the hangar have been 
made, but the ministry insists that 
it must be demolished so that the 
fell commercial value of the ate 
can be realised. The importance of 
this building overrides purely 
commercial considerations and its 
demolition would be a major loss 
to aviation history and archaeol- 
ogy* 1 

Yours faithfully. 

(Hon Secretary. 

Hendon and District Archaeologi- 
cal Society). 

31 Woodcraft Avenue. 

Mill HilL NW7. 

September 30. 

Status of Gibraltar 

From the Acting Chief Minister of 

Sir. On September 23 (early 
edition) you reported King Juan 
Carlos of Spain as describing the 
present status of Gibraltar as an 
anachronism of modern times and 
as an “unjust situation". In our 
view, what is anachronistic is for a 
member State of fee European 
Community to lay claim to the 
•lawfully-held territory of another 
mem ber State: and what would be 
unjust would be that the people of 
Gibraltar and their home. i.e„ the 
territory of Gibraltar, should pass 
from British to Spanish sov- 
ereignly against their wishes. We 
haye the most solemn pledges 
from the British Government that 
this will not happen. 

You also report King Juan 
Carlos as saying that respect for 
human rights would be a yardstick 
by which our civilization would be 
judged. The people of Gibraltar 
have rights (not just “interests" as 
the King said) and hope that the 
yardstick will’ apply to them also. 
Yours faithfully. 


Office of the Chief Minister. 
Gibraltar. ' 

September 24. 

Boat people’s future 

From Mr Maurice Laiey 
Sir. You report (September 27) 
that the Government is consid- 
ering an approach to Vietnam for 
the repatriation of boat people in 
Hong Kong. The excuse given by 
the Minister of State at the Home 
Office is that many of them are 
“economic" rather than political 
refugees, as if dial would make any 
difference to their treatment on 

In view of the sense of outrage 
still felt at fee repatriation of 
While Russians and Jugoslavs to a 
grim. fate in 1945. would it not be 
astounding if such a course were 
contemplated now. without even 
the excuse of appeasing a wartime 

Yours faithfully. 


lOTAPhilbeacb Gardens. 

Earl's Coun. SW5. " - 
Sepicmber.27 7 “5 

County Hall sale 

From Mr J. E. A. Samuels, QC 
Sir. The appearance of the first 
advertisement for the sale of 
County Hall should send a shud- 
der- of shame through every Lon- 
doner. The building, whose 
foundation-stone was so proudly 
laid by King George V. is not only 
an architectural monument to fee 
best of early 20th-century public 
works buu on its dramatic and 
historic site, has been a focus for 
Londoners and visitors alike in 
the capital city. 

Few buildings of its scale are of 
such immense cultural and his- 
toric importance .For whatever 
silly policies and facile placards 
may recently have defamed its 
reputation, defaced its facade and 
irritated its political opponents 

across the Thames, this noble 
structure is not to blame: and 
future generations of Londoners 
may well consider themselves to 
have been cheated if its continued 
use does not lie within the public 

The public sector is crying out 
for new museums, art galleries, 
courts and public buildings of 
many kinds: cannot all those 
concerned for our architectural 
heritage and environment as- 
semble, now, a committee to finda 
continuing role for County Halt 
and then to preserve this national 
resource for what is still one of the 
most important capital cities in 
the wo rid? 

Yours faithfully. 


3 Hare Court. 

Temple. EC4. 

Power source 

From Mrs Joanne Ewer 
Sir. In your Spectrum article 
(September 1 7) we were informed 
that enough energy to supply the 
world for perhaps 5.000 years, in 
the form of solid methane hydrate, 
is to be found in vast, worldwide 

I hope feat this is not too nave 
a question, but why is there talk of 
building more nudear reactors, 
wife their already disastrously 
proven attendant risks, when this 
possibly infinite source of power is 

Yours faithfully. 


3 Forge Close, 

The Street. 

Chipperfield. Hertfordshire. 
September 30. 

Diabetics anomaly 

From DrS. B. M- Reith 
Sir. A Government working party, 
fee Scottish Committee on HLV 
(Aids) Infection and Intravenous 
Drug Misuse, has just recom- 
mended that drug addicts be 
supplied wife needles free of 

Is it not a curious irony that 
such people should be more 
favoured than the many thou- 
sands of insulin-dependent diabet- 
ics in the country, who still have to 
pay for their disposable needles 
and plastic syringes? 

It has been shown that the 
control of diabetes and hence fee 

avoidance of complications can be 
improved by having several injec- 
tions daily. Yet diabetics are still 
expected to use old-fashioned 
needles repeatedly, rather than 
have the relatively less painful 
disposable fine needles provided 
by' the health service. Surely fee 
group deserve better treatment 
Yours faithfully. 


Lecropt House. 

Bridge of Allan. 


September 26. 

Poor spelling 

From Mrs Audrey Michaels 
Sir. Contrary to what Mr R. J. O. 
Meyer (September 30) says, many 
left-eye-dominani people are. ex- 
cellent readers and spellers. 

In the course of my work as an 
optometrist I have examined 
many children who have spelling 
and reading difficulties. A 
substantial minority have eye- 
muscle problems. Correcting these 
wife prismatic spectacle lenses 
often produces a great improve- 

I have had a mother watching 
open-mouthed wife astonishment 
while her child, normally only able 
to stumble through a few simple 
sentences, read a long passage 
from a test card wife fluency as 
soon as the lenses were in place. 
Yours faithfully. 


34 Marsh Road. . . 

Pinner. Middlesex 

OCTOBER 6 1948 

Dr Donie! Molan 1 1S74- 1959i, 
adiwate r y apartheid, became 
Prime Minister aiter his 
Xottanahsl Party narrowly wn 
the 1946 South African elrtttor.. 
This article, four months later, 
attempted an mleriwi judgment on 
. the effect of the Oboernment's 
sueepiny changes. It starts u tih 
criticism iff the decision tv reduce 
immigration from *’ a flood to a 
trickle " 




From Our Capetown 

... More important is the 

Nationalist Government's native 
policy. That policy was openly 
stated before l he «irct tons, and the 
country has no eatxe for surprise if 
steps are taken to cam- it out. 
What has shocked many iwnple. 
however, was Dr Malan's recent 
hint that far-reaching changes in 
the constitutional rights of natives 
and coloured people might be voled 
by a bare majority in Parliament. 

. . Dr Malan told the House of 
Assembly recent^' that legally the 
Government has the power hi carry 
out its non -European franchise 
proposals by a hare majurity. This 
statement aroused a storm of anger 
on the part of the Opposition, who 
pointed out that although such a 
course might be legal, it was 
contrary both to the spirit of the 
Constitution and to pledges sol- 
emnly given by members of the 
present Cabinet when the Statute 
of Westminster 11931) and the 
Status BiS (19A4> were debated in 
the House- - . . 

They* point nut further that the 
present position in the Union is 
precisely what the framers nf the 
Constitution had in mind when 
they entrenched the non-Eumpean 
franchise; the bfationaliKts have a 
small majority in Parliament, but 
they actually represent a minority 
of the voters of the country. Dr 
Malan’s argument for amendment, 
therefore, can be interpreted as a 
fundamental change of policy' in 
the Union brought about on the 
authority of a minority of the 

The changes proposed by the 
Nationalists are fundamental 
They involve the abolition of the 
present communal representation 
of fee natives through three Euro- 
pean members of the House of 
Assembly and three elected Sena- 
tors. as well as the natives* own 
Representative Council to which 
all legislation directly affecting 
th em must be referred- In the place 
of this system, which has returned 
members of ortstandini! ability to 
both Houses, the Nationalists 
propose a series of discrete Native 
Councils on a local and tribal basis. 
In addition, they intend to abolish 
the common-soil franchise now 
enjoyed by coloured males in the 
Cape, and replace it by the form of 
representation on a communal roll 
now available to the natives. 
Finally, they want to amend the 
second chapter of the previous 
Government’s Asiatic legislation, 
which provides for communal rep- 
resentation for the Indians of, 

In all three cases the Govern- 
ment will be taking away rights 
solemnly given on behalf of White 
South Africa on the implied under- 
taking that those rights were either 
irrevocable or revocable only ac- 
cording to a difficult procedure. It 
denies that the proposals are 
repressive. Their plans for the 
natives, the Nationalists say, in 
dude the agricultural and general 
development of the reserves so that 
they wiD hold their populations in 
comfort and in increasing autono- 
my. Gradual segregation will pro- 
tect the coloured people from 
severe competition by the natives, 
and their representation on a 
communal basis will make hnpossi 
ble their present alleged exploita- 
tion by candidates for election. 
These denials do not impress the 
Opposition, especially since mem- 
bers of the Cabinet now freely 
admit that, even under a system of 
general apartheid (total segrega- 
tion), vast numbers of detrinalized 
natives will remain permanently in 
the European areas. If the Native 
Representation Act is repealed 
these natives will lose their vote 
and any opportunity of taking part 
in self-government in the native 

Although the natives and the 
coloured people have shown re- 
markable composure under the 
threat to their votes, it is reported 
from various parts of the country 
feat they are deeply disturbed. . . . 

Corses of the age • 

From Ms Rosemary Bundy 
Sir, Wife reference to fee letter 
from Mr Frank Sedy (September 
30), might I suggest violence, 
venery and velocity? 

1 remain. Sir. etc. 


30 Alexandra Road. 

Kew Gardens. Surrey. 

From Mrs D. M. Bourdon Smith 
Sir. Aids, acid rain and apanbeid. 
Yours faithfully. 

Goidhin House, East Garaton, 
Newbury, Berkshire. 

From Mr Alan Butterworth 
Sir, Junk food, junk mail, junkies. 
Yours faithfully. 


New College School, 

Savile Road, Oxford. 

From Ms Rosemary Underhill 
Sir. How about speed, greed and 

Yours faithfully. 


2 London Road South. 

Merstham. RedhilL Surrey. 


.4 , ,7 1 SW35SE. *F*R.-* , S.-i .Vrk Sf Ikil g? 






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stay peri 
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at its 

ai W: 










A guide to the 

piste that 

suits you best 

Deciding where to ski be- 
comes more difficult by the 
season. The sport is now such 
big business that keeping up 
with new facilities, runs 
opened and co-operation 
agreements between lift com- 
panies offering passes to ski 
evermore extensive areas, 
presents problems even for the 

These include the compueis 
of guide books, specialist 
magazines and the Ski Gub of 
Great Britain. The best of the 
guide books by for is The Good 
Skiing Guide, published by 
the Consumers' Association 
and Hodder & Stoughton. 

I have found it to the point 
on resorts 1 already know, and 
very useful when visiting new 

The resorts suggested below 
are places I have spent time 
skiing in. Others may be 
equally good for the purposes 
described, and my selection 
does no more than illustrate 
the points made. 

Wide choice 
for newcomers 

• More than 150,000 Britons 
are expected to take their first 
ski holiday during the coming 1 
season which will last, in most 
places, from Christmas to 
Easier. About half will be 
schoolchildren- travelling with 
their peers, but of the rest, the 
statistics of past years show 
that more than 50 per cent will 
become regular skiers. 

The newcomer has the wid- 
est choice of places to ski 
because almost ail resorts 
claim to cater adequately for 
beginners. This is far short of 
true, although the best choice 

is not. for once, necessarily the 
dearest, Priorities to shuffle 
include the following: 

Avoid long walks in ski boots, 
which are designed for skiing, 
not walking, and for the 
beginner can be a real pain. 
Choose a resort with lockers 
for boots and skis at a lift 
station that connects with the 
ski school assembly point such 
as Counnayeur in Italy. 
Choose a purpose-built ski 
resort with pintle ski runs 
from your apartment or hotel 
door to a lift — say Les Arcs, 
Flaine, or Couraievd in 

Choose a hotel or apartment 
close to a lift serving the ski 
school area— this is the choice 
in real villages tucked jn 
valleys such as Lech or 
Mayrhofen in Austria. 

Avoid the Christmas and 
Easter crowds and high-season 
prices everywhere. 

Choose late February or early 
March for the greatest likeli- 
hood of good weather and 
good snow. Beginners" classes, 
which involve more hanging, 
about waiting for the Men 
and the timid than intermedi- 
ate groups, can be a chilly 
business in January blizzards. 
Avoid instructors with a mini- 
mal command of English and 
those whose interest extends 
no further than the prettiest 
girl in the class. 

Choose a resort with a well- 
regarded ski school — say 
Seefeld or Mayrhofen in Aus- 
tria. None of the skiing guide- 
books is especially helptiii on 
this subject because most of 
the writers are long out of ski 
school. The commendation of 
several brochures is an indica- 
tion that earlier holidaymak- 
ers have been satisfied. Never 
be afraid to change classes. 
Choose two weeks in a reason- 
ably-priced resort instead of 
one week somewhere more 
glamorous — unless of course 
it is the glitter not the sport 
- that- is the main attraction. 

& V.* i* 

Shusswear to 



t* Low cost lift passes, lessons, 
I equipment hire and lots more 

1 FREE holiday for every 


Generous child discounts 

Dare you bookyourski holiday 
without seeing a Skiscope 
brochure first? 

ptw: (0444) 459921 Mon-Fri 09.00-1 7.15 
(Sat 10.00-13.00 Sept-Marth inclusive) 
Orphone: (0444) 45779024 hour brochure phone 
CrosvenorHaii BolnoreRoad. Haywards Heath. 


Make room 

for experts 

• There are expert skiers and 
skiers who think they are 
experts. The popularity of 
skiing holidays is driving the 
experts right off the crowded 
pistes into the powder. Bad 
light finds them skiing 
through the trees, late-season 
sunshine sees them far away 
from lifts and crowds, touring 
the mountains on skis and 
sleeping in refuges and moun- 
tain huts. 

Avoid convenience in the 
se a rch for excellence,' which 
means good snow and tough 

Choose resorts with a tradi- 
tion of mountain guiding — as 
often as not based on moun- 
taineering in summer and ska- 
touring in winter — say 
Zermatt and Verbier in Swit- 
zerland, Chamonix and 
Aigentiere in France, and St 
Anton in Austria. 

■ ■■ LTsSsaSi 

s-yv.;-., ; 

J. v:. ''iv- ' \ V- 

&V-- • >: 

Cutting a dash on the snow: There are ski resorts fa 
everyone, from beginners to the experts, and making 
the right choice means a better holiday 

>|w , ■, % the apres-ski reflects tile 

;. clientele. 

. Thus Verbier in Switzerland 

A night-life 
for everyone 

or an unskied tract of virgin 

Best way for 
the moderate 

• Intermediate skiers are in 
the majority. They are quickly 
bored on easy runs marked 
green on the resort maps and 
often frightened on difficult 
runs marked black. 

Intermediates spend most 
of their time on blue and red 
runs which have been 
groomed by piste machines to 
flatter their moderate skills. 

Nothing makes an interme- 
diate fed better than making a 
competent job of a Mack run 

Avoid resorts with too limited 
a selection of runs for the 
energetic. Why go up and 
down one or two runs all day 
long when you could be skiing 
somewhere different every 

-. .v-u 

. n< _\i 
... • 

plenty to offer at a price: 
Gstaad and St Moritz in 
Switzerland, and MCgeve in 

Places for 

Avoid resorts where it is 
difficult for mixed parties to 
meet for lunch. 

Choose linked resorts where 
vast areas can be skied on a 
single lift pass - say the Trois 
Vallees in France 
(Courcefaevel, Mfaibel, Les 
Menuires and Val Tborens); 
Val <f Isere and Tignes, also in 
France; the Portes du Soldi 
(Avoriaz, Champerty, Les 
Crosets, Cbampoussin, 
Morgins, Child andMorzine) 
in France and Switzerland. 

mixed parties 

• Mixed parties of skiers of 
different grades and, perhaps, 
non-skiers, must balance an 
even greater number of 

Avoid the many modem 
French resorts which do not 
have the little village 

Choose for intermediate, ex- 
pert skiers and non-skiers 
resorts with good skiing, good 
village atmosphere, enjoyable 
walking or alternative 

Top names such as Zermatt 

Skiers will not want to come 
off the mountain when skiing 
conditions to the village are 
poor in late season or bad- 
snow years. - 

Choose resorts where skiers of 
different grades and non-ski- 
ers can easily and enjoyably 
meet for lunch in mountain 

• Apres-ski. nightlife by an- 
other name, takes many 
forms, from traditionally 
beery Alpine jollity with 
grown men in short leather 
shorts singing to accordion 
music almost everywhere in 
Austria, to chic discos and 
restaurants in places like 
Courchevel in France. 

In the resorts most heavily 
patronized by British skiers. 

has a comer on hoorav row. 
dies. Sauze d'Oulx in Italy abo 
attracts a crowd that is cborita- 
blv described as lively. 

Towns and liule vilbgo 
with permanent resident pop. 
ulations offer some of the best 
bars and restaurants. Davos ia 
Switzerland. Lech in Austria, 
and their like attract a wet 
heeled, and not particularly 
young crowd. 

Old name resorts such as 
Gstaad and St Moritz is 
Switzerland, and Innsbruck in 
Austria, draw more Ameri- 
cans than the French or Italias 

Shona Crawford Poefe 

Travel Editor 


tt takes a Swiss company 
to show you the best of Switzerland. 

For bagknara or export* Kuan otes arrazkig wiu* at 18 dWerant 

reacrtS.Ch&UrenEB9, 2 weeks tor ffw pneed 1, no swgterociTi 6i4)p*e- 

nients -there are just some ol the ^rectal *KUONI JOKER* otters. 

are ideaL 

For mixed parties with less- 
exacting skiing demands, the 
traditional posing resorts have 

Look for mountain rail- 
ways, cable cars and closed 
gondolas that will take the 
non-skiers up for lunch, as at 
Zermatt and Wengen in Swit- 
zerland, at Meribel and 
Courchevel in France, and at , 
Counnayeur in Italy. j 

1 Prices from { 
£59 by coach 

£99 by air 


Xfc are the largest (nor 
Operators specialising is 


-to .stiff and our t»n 
Chalets - Hotels - & Cate 

01-836 3237 

(01) 785 9999 

tfs Switzerland as onty Kooni can do it 

For year KUONI SYVTT2BUAND brochure imha or tale- 
phone notr lo Kuonl Trent, Kuori House, Dotting, Surrey. 

Tab (0306)881002 or see your travel agent 

ski la piagne 



ia Piagne is unbeatable for snow rdlabflily, variety of sluing, 
long hours of sunshine and the efficiency of uptiHI transport 
(83.000 sWos per hour). I93fcrn downhill shfing assisted by 
95 iiRs and runs and Bfts start dose to 
rate lamiy facilities. Considerable reductions before Christmas 
aid In January. Rental and Ski Pass from £88 p.p.p.w. 

at no extra 


Run tor Skiers by Skiers we oiler Staffed and Self-Catering 
A Generous group discounts A Free UK airport parking V 
A Cordon Bleu Chalet girls A SOME 6HRBTMAS AND 

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Ring for our new brochure(0223) 350777 (24hrs) 
SH BEACH VILLAS (dept 08 Market Passage, Cambridge CB23QR 


Switzerland FRANCE 


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155a. Wokingham Rtf.. 
Reading 0734 664930 




For Information and resenreSore. contacts 


Official La Representation and Reservation Sendee 

Dept TT. 9 Reece Mews, London SW7 3HC. 
Tetephane 01-984 2841 124 hours) 01-584 7820 

Just look at the 
extras in the Ski Yugotouxs 
package. More value than 
any ski programme 
on the market. 
Resorts in Yugoslavia, 

■ Austria and Italy with 
fantastic bargains for 
beginners. Departures from 
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Manchester and Glasgow. 


corner.. MOGUL sa 


ta M23HS12. 

Expert or beginner, you 
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With fntasun Sfascene your woHefstarts feeling the benefit even 
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thanks to the real negotiating strength 

Gxxh holidays from £49 and | 

oir holidays From £851 Plus a range 3 j L// 5f i 

of features and (fiscounts you'll / * / 

find bard to beat. Our brochures / / JT JjB M / 

at your ABTA travel ogent now. / i 






For the beet selection of Ski Fashion and 
Technical Clothing, Skis, Boots and 
Accessories for Beginners to Experts 

We know all the angles 

14/18 HsRnre 
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1B98 Vfhitartt Centre 
SURREY, CR8 104 

221 High Street 

0483 36778 

Friendly;- ■effiaent/ahd ' oersenzi Wy.v ^ jn rho rn p .^sc-i 
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Good value for families: Tour operators now offer a wide range of holiday packages that «*»»* for aO tastes and p o rV Hs 

Smoothest way to the slopes 

ueumg to the slopes is a fairly Ski holiday operators are also 
P 310 "^ process for the major'* making increasing of 
ity of British skiers, for most provincial airports and Ski 

of them go out on package 
tours. Just turn up at Gatwick, 
stick your skis on the trolleys 
provided, and the tour 
operator’s representative will 
pass you like a parcel arrpss 
Europe and up to your moun- 
tain resorL 

But since skiing is a winter 
sport, all does not always go 
well. There are fogs and icy 
runways, aircraft are delayed, 
sudden blizzards or 
avalanches can block access 
roads to the resort, and trans- 
fer times from the airport to 
your holiday hoiel or chalet 
can be long. 

Four hours on the coach is 
fairly normal, even in France. 
But in Italy it will take six 
hours from Milan to Bonnio, 
or even longer if your destina- 
tion is Livigno, on the far side 
of the Selvio pass — no wonder 
the children 
Checking the 
before you book is one way of 
avoiding this problem. 

Not much can be done 
about the weather, but the risk 
of aircraft delays can be 
reduced by travelling outride 
the weekend, or at least not on 
Saturday when the crowds are 

Ski Thomson offers Sunday 
and Wednesday departures. 

Thomson uses Glasgow, New- 
castle, Manchester, Leeds, 
East Midlands and Bir- 
mingham, as well as the ever- 
popular buz tightly-packed 
Luton, Gatwick and 

Using a local airport not 
only reduces the crowds, it 
may also cut down on travel- 
ling time from home, hotel 
overnights and parking fees. 

In an attempt to take the 
sting out of any delay, most 
operators now offer some 
form of delay compensation 
or insurance, with meals at 
mealtimes, if the flight is late, 
and the right to caned the 
holiday for a foil refund if the 
delay exceeds 24 hours. 

If you arrive on time at the 
other end, my. main piece of 
advice is to always see that 
everyone, especially the chil- 
start to fret I tiren, visit the loo before 
transfer time boarding the coadi— coaches 
sometimes run for hours with- 
out stopping. 

Although most skiers travel 
out by air, a large number of 
holiday companies now offer a 
coach or car travel option, 
often at a much reduced price. 
Car or coach travel will appeal 
to those who love skiing but 
hate flying. 

Price is the main attraction 

of car and coach travel. Thom- 
son offers a week's riding by 
car for as little as £22 each. 
This is for four and in the 

To give a more typical 
. example, a week ai Formigal 
in the Spanish Pyrenees costs 
from £145 by air in earfy 
February, but those who opt 
for the ski-drive and accom- 
modation-only alternative can 
deduct £82 a head from this 
price, getting it down to £63. 

Coaches give good 
saving on price 

It sounds good, but there are 
snags. You must add in the 
cost of petrol and overnight 
hotels out and bade, while 
winter driving in the moun- 
tains is not always easy. 

Extra anti-freeze in the radi- 
ator and a dash or two of it in 
the windscreen-washer res- 
ervoir is advisable. 

Those who decide to travel 
by coach will at least avoid 
some of the driving strain. A 
number of major dri-holiday 
operators, including Crystal, 
Bladon Uses and Global offer 

coach travel, direct from Brit- 
ain to the resorL 

The total journey time av- 
erages about 24 hours, but the 
coaches are comfortable, with 
video films, reclining seats, 
toilet, constant tea or coffee 
and frequent stops, while the 
prices offer a considerable 
saving off the same holiday by 

Nor need coach travel re- 
duce the siding time. Bladon 
Lines claims that those who 
take its sleeper-coach option 
not only save £40 off the air 
holiday, they also arrive at the 
resort mid-moming on the 
first day of the holiday and 
don't depart until late after- 
noon on the last day, thereby 
gaining a full day's skiing on 
the airborne clients. 

Crystal Holidays has a 
supersnowcoach option which 
starts at £79, ana its 

coach prices generally offer a 
reduction of about £40 off 
those for a similar holiday by 
air. It also gives a foil seven 
days skiing and is particularly 
popular with families and 
young people where saving 
£40 a head can be osefuL 

Children seem to travel well 
by coach and drop off to sleep 
easily after an hour or two. , 

My tips for coach travel are: 
get a good night’s sleep before 
you leave; have a small bag 


with a few essentials, 
towel, comb, slippers, paper- 
backs, to take on to the coach: 
and carry a certain amount of 
currency to pay for meals and 
snacks en route.-no one will 
change a traveller's cheque at 
3 o'clock in the morning. 

One final method of getting 
there, which may appeal to the 
well-heeled skier, is on the 
Orient Express. This took us 
all the way from Victoria to 
Innsbruck last year, past all 
the ski resorts that line the 
Arfberg pass. 

The Orient Express can be 
booked through Crystal Holi- 
days, at a supplement of £349. 
Ah wefl, there is always a snag, 
but enjoy your skiing, how- 
ever you get to the slopes. 

Rob Nefllaods 

Skiers like to dine out on 
stories of black runs, raging 
blizzards and the avalanche 
that got away, but they are not 
renowned for their toleration 
of hardship. 

So it is with equipment. The 
aim is to snap it on to your 
feet, point it downhill and 
forget about it — but rarely is it 
that simple: 

Fortunately for the unfit, 
tiding is not an activity of 
great exertion, since gravity 
provides the impetus. The 
plastic boot revolution and 
the softening of skis in the 
early 1970s suddenly made 
equipment far less demanding 
to control 

Now an almost effortless 
movement of the ankle and 
foot, transmitted through the 
bool, is enough to tilt the ski 
on to an edge. Its skidding or 
'‘carving" action steers the ski 
in a broad arc. 

The glossy smooth exterior 
ofa good ski disguises a highly 
sophisticated bonding of 
materials inside it, such as 
fibreglass, aluminium, foam 
plastic, wood (still commonly 
used) and even rubber. 

Recent advances have in- 
cluded extremely strong fibres 
such as Kevlar and 
carbonfibre. and the moulding 
of a ski under vacuum (which 
the Austrian company Fischer 
has pioneered). 

Not only does the ski have 
to provide the right steering 
properties, it has to resist 
repeated stress. Ideally every 
bump and trough in the snow 
has to be "swallowed" so that 
the ski remains in contact and 
the skier remains in control 

The few engineers in the 
world who fully understand 
that mysterious working of 
skis juggle with these compo- 
nents and objectives and occa- 
sionally make a breakthrough 
(the most significant was 
probably the successful transi- 
tion from solid wood to metal- 
laminated wood in the 1950s). 

The world's richest ski boot 
manufacturer, Georges Salo- 
mon, is investing millions of 
French francs in his quest to 
make a revolutionary ski and 
to make it cheaper than his 
Austrian ana French 

It will not be easy and his 
ski will have to win the big 



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Inspiration for the Competition 

Specialists in fashion ski wear 
for the professional and 
the amateur skier. 

Pie ise Wej itwne 
tor information 
rwatmr lm 
134 Heath Road 
TeL 01-092 7814/9/0 
Telex 932905 

Technically the most advanced 
skis in the world. . . ^ 

races when it reaches produc- 
tion in 1990. 

His research win doubtless 
follow the approach of the 
major factories' laboratories— 
a combination of studying 
how skis could bend, twist, 
slide and vibrate better and, 
quite possibly, how they could 
be made to cut static electric- 
ity when sliding. 

His mountain testing would 
undoubtedly involve test skis 
mourned with e le ct ro nic sen- 
sors. linked to a 
computer/recorder snapped 
to the skier's bock. He will 
probably- have to make hun- 
dreds of prototypes before he 
can finally commit himself to 

Until an obviously revolu- 
tionary ski comes along skiers 
will continue to make their 
somewhat baffling choice 

Shop around for 
the best equipment 

from the wide selection avail- 
able. Here are a few tips on 
how to narrow the choice and 
remember that a skier's prior- 
ity should always be a first- 
class pair of boots: 

• Aset of skis, bindings, boots 
and poles costs between £150 
and £600. At £1 50 to £200 it is 
better to continue renting skis 
and to concentrate your 
investment on a pair of boots 
costing £90 to £120. These 
provide better support and a 
closer fit than the cheap boots. 

• Skis that offer the easiest 
and best performance across 
all types of snow are “sport” 
skies costing £150 to £210 a 
pair (plus £60 to £65 for agood 
pair of bindings). Some good 
skis at this pace are Atomic 
Ovation (£199), Fischer SC4 
Vacuum (£180), Dynastar 
Omesoft K (£200). Lange KS 
Advantage (£180), K2 4500 
(£199). Rossignol XP11 
(£199) and Volkl Renntiger 
Comp (£209). 

• If you intend to spend less 
than this on skis, buy a ski and 

binding package. Your choice 
will be more limited but a 
saving oflO per cent to 20 per 
cent off the combined price is 
normal. Good packages can be 
had for £120 upwards. 

• Shop now to get the benefits 
of discounts on last year's 
equipment. During this sea- 
son and the next, equipment 
prices could rise 25 per cent 
while the fall in sterling has its 

• Visit the Daily Mail Ski 
Show. Earls Court, from 
November 8 to 16. There is 
likely to be keen competition 
among stands this Year. Al- 
pine Sports, London's largest 
retailer, tells me that its 
warehouse is being cleared of 
deleted lines for its four-yearly 
“bargain stand” at the show. 

• If you're buying boots, lake 
a good look at them at the 
show but buy them from a 
shop that employs expen boot 

• Buy a “rear-entry” boot for 
convenience — they are easier 
to put on and walk in — but 
make sure the boot has an 
excellent internal mechanism 
to close firmly around the 

• Obtain a “comfort 
guarantee" on your boots. At 
worst you wiU then be able to 
return them paying only a 
rental charge if they're un- 
comfortable. For superior fit 
and comfort, ask shops about 
the detailed modifications 
which can now be made to a 
boot's shell and inner. 

• Keep your skis in perfect 
condition. The edges need 
sharpening every week and the 
bases must be waxed 

David Goldsmith 

The author is Equipment 

Editor of Ski Survey 



NCastieSoeeLEdirfwgh EH23UL 


Before we let you 
spend any money 

you’ll have to 
-answer some 
serious questions. 

Choosing ski equipment can be an expensive and 
confusing business. The range of products is ever 
expanding, and it can be difficult to determine 
just what you need and what you need to spend- 
Our staff are trained in the most rigorous 
fashion in all aspects of skiing, regularly 
attending seminars to keep them at the forefront 
of technological developments not only with 
regard to hardware, but also with regard to fabrics 
and clothing manufacture. 

What’s more before they’ll let you buy 
anything they’ll expect you to answer a few 
serious questions about the sort of skier you are, in 
order to ensure that they recommend the right 

Whether you are buying skis, boots, 
bindings, an anorak or a pair of sunglasses we 
have something for everyone. We stock 
Rossignol, Dynastar, Fisher, iCastle, Blizzard, 
Salomon, Nordica, Dynafit, Look, Marker, 
Tyiollia, Killy, Tenson, Degree 7, Luhta, 

Berghaus and a lot more besides. What’s more we 
know the difference between them, who will be 
most suited to each, and are happy to discuss 
them with you for as long as it takes. 

People come from all over the south for the 
expertise and service they receive at Surf & Ski. 
Why not make die effort to find out for yourself 
why we are the top specialist ski shop in our area. 

If you can’t make it in person return the coupon 
and we’ll send you our catalogue. 

1/2 Regent Street, Brighton, Sussex 0273 673192 
41 Bell Street, Reigate, Surrey 0737 222218 

els and 
ys in 47 
mm £99 
ing with 













































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Clifford Longley 




The complex reality of race 




October 5: Divine Service was 
held in Craihie Parish Church 
this morning. 

The Sermon was preached by 
the Reverend Keith Angus. 

October 5: The Duke and 
Duchess of York, attended by 
Miss Helen Hughes. Wing Com- 
mander Adam Wise and Mr 
John Haslam, arrived at Royal 
Air Force Nonholt this after- 
noon in an aircraft of The 

S ueen's Flight from the 
ether lands. 

tion at Si Woolo's Cathedral, 
Newport, and later visited West- 
field Upper School in Newport. 

tn the evening Her Royal 
Highness attended a reception 
given by The Lord Mayor of 

Cardiff "(Councillor D.M. Ev- 
ans) followed by a dinner given 

by The Order of St John Priory 
for Wales at the Angel Hotel. 

The Duchess of Gloucester, 
who travelled in an aircraft of 
The Queen's Flight, was at- 
tended by Mrs Howard Page. 

October 5: The Duke of Kent 
arrived at Heathrow Airport, 
London this morning from 

October 4: The Duchess of 
Gloucester, Commandant-in- 
Chief, St John Ambulance Bri- 
gade in Wales, this afternoon 
attended a Service of Rededica- 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of General Sir Frank Simp- 
son will be held in the Chapel of 
the Royal Hospital Chelsea, at 
1 1.15 am today. 

Appointments in 
the Forces 

Royal Navy 

CAPTAINS. M □ Bracelin. Staff .of 

S nraoulh. 16.12.86: R F COMxtfe. 

□O (London). 30.1.87 Ho serve In 
rink of Odre 37 1.87 and wtiLa): G A 

Bade.. Braver in CnuL 24.S.8T: J M IT 
HUlon. ADC. Mod (London). 31-3.87 
<(o serve in rank of Cdre 31.3.87 and 
whiai: W C McKntohi. MOD (London) 
4.87: j A L Myers. MoD aondonj. 
IT. 3.87. 

COMMANDERS: F J C Bradshaw. 
Cocnraneas Cdr MCM3. 16.6.87: R H 
Chapman. Staff of Cinchan . EastlanL 
2.387. K W DarftV . MOD iBristol). 
28.4 87. D L P Evans. Dolphin as Cdr 
SMI. 20.1.87: r M Manx*. Brave in 
Comd. 14 .3.8?: D M Perfect. Sceptre 
in Cmd. 3.3*7: J E Porter. Staff of 
Ctocnavliome. 7.4.87: a m wr Ste- 
phens. MOD (Bauil. 2L1 .07: A J S 
avlor. Iniremd. 13.4.87. D R Udy. 

The Army 

Charles Huxtable. to he QMG MOD 
6 . 10 * 6 . 

COLONELS : O A BevertOge. HQ 
UKLF I2.lO.S6: P J Blackburn to be 
Col EMRZ MOO 13 10.86: J N H 
Lacey. MOD. 1 0.10.86: W R Short lo 
be Comd Med 1 Amid Dfv 22.9.86: L 
A Wilkes. hJ®D. 6.10.86: A G 
Wiutertdge. lo a DA Appl 12.10.86: T 
R Wnohl MoD 17.10.86 


Barber RE. HO Afcenl: 6.10*6: M J 
Blyth RCT. MoD 6.10.86 R A HUls 
RE. TO be CO UK So Unll SHAPE. 
6.10.86: D S JofUffe lo be CO BMH 
Hour k'Oftg 23.9.86: R M UoseU 
REME. REME Wg RSA 6.10.86: R J 

Ml Isom RE. MoD 6.10 86: J R Owen 
RAOC. DLSA 8.10.86. P C Scott RTR. 

Indignation at some of the more 
vigorous points in the latest Church of 
England document on race relations fuels 
the church-has*gone-io-the-dogs agitation 
on the political Right but hardly throws 
light on the subject itself. The reality is 
much more complex. . 

The churches. and Jhe Church of 
England in particular, have made a crucial 
contribution down the centuries to the 
shaping of British culture and the framing 
of British self-awareness. So it is not 
unreasonable that the general white British 
attitude to racial and cultural differences - 
uneasiness tinged with a sense of superior- 
ity - should be regarded within the 
churches as something for which they have 
a special sense of failure and a special 

responsibility to cure. 

This, in turn, makes it hard for the 
churchmen who are most involved with 

the problem to be as analytically critical in 
an even-handed, way as they might 
otherwise be. The tendency, well illus- 
trated by the 'tone and content of this new 
report. Anglicans and Racism, is to be 
quite uncritical towards the ideology of 
black liberation - fbrto be otherwise might 
itself seem racialist - and hyper-critical of 
society in general and its institutions, 

including the churches. 

So the ideology of black liberation - tire 
American Black Consciousness move- 
ment with a British post-colonial slant - is 
adopted uncritically as a theology of black 
liberation, and becomes therefore a rod 
with which to beat the churches. Anyone 
who does not share it is tautologically a 

But this is as dangerous, and as much an 
obstruction to dear thought, as the 
frequent mistake in the British Jewish 
community of defining antisemitism as 
anti-Zionism. It is understandable that, on 
the streets where conflict occurs, such fine 
distinctions are seen as an unnecessary 
luxury and that antisemitism 'and racial- 
ism should be fought, not analysed. But it 
is better to know who the enemy is, and 
why he is an enemy; better for the purposes 
of defeating him. too. 

Blackness, in this way of speaking, is a 
political concept rather than a statement 
about skin colour. Translated to theologi- 
cal language, blackness equates with the 
poor and oppressed; and Christianity's 
true mission (in liberation theology terms) 
is to join the struggle against oppression. 

What this way of speaking cannot do is 
to question some of the assumptions 
within the formula. The creation of 

blackness as a political concept, and the 
identification of it with the proletariat (in 
Marxist terms) or with the poor and 
oppressed (in theological terms), may be a 
correct analysis leading to right action; ra- 
il may instead be a pan of the very 

instrument of oppression. It is the 
theologian's undoubted duty to challenge 

received assumptions and particular to by 
bare ideological distortions. Ideology is 
perpetually baying at the gates of pure 
doctrine; and not infrequently breaks in. 
Often in the past it has been right-wing 
ideology, the received hidden assumptions 
of feudalism or capitalism, which have 
contaminated religious thought. 

The recent quarrel between Latin 
American liberation theologians and the 
Vatican was about the opposite - the 
contamination of Christianity by Marxist 
ideology. The general verdict now seems 
to be that the Vatican was not entirely 

There is an equal danger in allowing the 
ideas of the Black Consciousness move- 

ment into religious thought. The difficulty 
with blackness is that it is defined by 
whiteness: it is non-whiteness. Whiteness 
is an assumed condition of racial purity 
and superiority, for those are black who 
are not totally white. 

The black experience of blackness is not 
innate, therefore, but an experience of 
rejection and hostility on the grounds of 
racial inferiority or impurity. The black 
experience of blackness (thus described) is 
therefore an injustice and an eviL The 
experience nevertheless is widespread in 
Britain and America and this is a serious 
social sin. 

Black Consciousness and the political 
movement of black liberation are attempts 
to resist the labels “inferior" and 
“impure", because they are so easily 
internalized into a condition of self- 
rejection and se I freon tempt when a person 
of dark skin shares these assumptions 
about his own kind. To do so by asserting 
the goodness of blackness is at first sight 
the correct antidote, for whiteness seems 
to be asserting the opposite. 

But whiteness and blackness are not two 
separate, equal things, one of which may 
oppose the other in the name of justice. 
Blackness is symbiotically related to and 
derived from whiteness. Without white- 
ness it would have no existence. What 

3 thens blackness will necessarily 
ore strengthen whiteness. 

This is the paradox of the Black 
Consciousness ami-racism movement It 
is a trap. It cannot succeed. And it is bound 
to see whiteness and white racialism 
everywhere, in its own reflection. To 
declare “I am black, different from you. 
and proud of it" is to invite the inevitable 
reply ~l am white, different from you. and 
prowl of it“ (or even “I am white, different 
from you and ashamed of it", which is a 
prescription for liberal self-pity.) 

This leaves actual racialism untreated, 
or even reinforced. But black is not 
beautiful because it is black, but because it 
is human. Religious anti-racism is particu- 
larly well placed to assert this, because (at 
leas in the monotheist traditions) it , 
believes in the radical equality of human- : 
kind, derived not from human law but : 
from the nature of the divine creation. j 
Christianity (and Judaism and Islam) . 
can say that whiteness, the doctrine of 
white supremacy, is an evil heresy: and 
that the very concept of race itself is the ba- 
sis of that heresy. If the concept of race has 
been unconsciously fostered by the Anglo- 
Saxon churches in the past, which seems 
very likely, then they are guilty as charged. 
But it also suggests a quite different 
approach to treatment than that aired in 
the current Anglican report. 



Artist with wayward nature 
but disciplined talent 

Mr Gerald Wilde, painter. When he . 

died on October 1 his SIst — - » *■- 

birthday. dubious .way, C* 

His abstract style - a lorui- form pcturwj.fem ^W- 

ous. luminous, complex of hands, because of 
shapes and colours, often plme »n aU he 
bearing no resemblance to have powrandasettjfZg 

anything in the visible world- grace. . -.if 

won him a small band of Whether ™lgani& # 
admirers among collectors Heaven ml tm 
and distinguished fellow-art- with ns 
ists. For many, however, he opposed _ heraldic 
was always an oddity and an Grand Cw/ntf 
outsider on the British artistic Down and 

expressionism: figuR 4 

Gerald Wilde, a grandson of sitions: or in the - be 
Oscar Wilde, was bom at pastel Drawing (1975), 
Clapham on October 2. 1905. he simply lets the btaanaJ? 
He studied at Chelsea School with controlled .(feSK 
of Art from 1926 to 1935. across a blue bst%Si 
where he was taught by Percy there is no doubting tbepo^ 
Jowett and Graham and independence of 

Sutherland. . siw^ 

He emerged as a painter and Though he .never, c 
primmaker in a stxaightfor- popularity, m his test 

Though he .never, cowm 
popularity, in bis fajgtwiR 

ward style towards the end of following 3 sort tae^ 
the 1920s. but even then there retrospective in Loofah 

was a curious, almost surreal- I9S1. Wilde's repfobfiogi^j 
istic. intensity about his work, something of a/tdffagFM 
His very first painting, a much to his pleasure hef^ 
meticulously realistic liiho- himself surrounded. Iry ■:& 
graph of a Dressing Table admiring young again,' -> 
from 1929. had something But he was mbreatwiM 
strange and compelling about rebel than any of 
it From then on be seldom was supposed to have beta fifl 
looked like anyone else: the original on whom Jqyce(w 
Three Prostitutes of 1937 has, j n his novel IS* ffoj; 
perhaps, a hint of Burra; the \ touih, based the character 
Pier Study of two years later, his picaresque renha «*} 
with its fiery colouring, an penniless artist, Oufley . jv 
anticipation of Piper the war son. Wilde himself was 
artist. Jung many years ago, U 

During the war years he a friend, that money ufjggj 
went on all on Hts own, nnison. 

RARDE 6.10*6: M R Butler QOH. (a 
be CO Tavfottn uonre 6 . 10 * 6 : c s 
51 bum AAC. lo be CO 7 Hegt AAC 
6 . 10 * 6 . 


Taylor. Intremd. 13.4.87. D R Udy. 

Drake. M2.&S. 

Dai. Dryad. 5.12-86: F H Rowland. 
Nelson. 28.11.86. 

Hocking. Drake. 16 12.86. 


Major-General R F Reynolds, late 
Queens. 9.1 0*6 

Metropolitan Special, 

The Secretary of Stale for the j 
Home Department, accompa - 1 
nied by the Hon Mrs Hurd, was 
the chief guest at the annual l 
dinner of the Metropolitan Spe - 1 
rial Constabulary held on Sat- 

18 11.36. 


Royal Air Force 
GROUP CAPTAINS: D C Scouiler la 
MOD. 6.10.86: B B BaU to MoD. 
9.10.86: D G Hawkins la Mod. 
10.10.86: J Milch <11 la HQ STC. 
10.10.36: E D J Diaper to OASC 


Forces as COS. 14 .ii.b6: P t 
S le\enson. pepi of CGRM ' as 
□RMMPS. 16*87. 

ueltenantcolonels: d c l 
R ou-e. Dept of CGRM as Mllliary 

Biooln Hill. 29.9.86: D J Davison to r. J . 

raf hosd Ely. 7 . 10 . 86 : j t g urday at the Brewery, Ctiisweu 
H 2? Street Mr Arthur Hammond 

Secretary. 6.3*7: J P Plough. Starr of 
ClncnainoTne as Cmd Security Ofd- 
.87: M J G Gregson. CTCRM 

cw. 24.7.87: M J G Cregson. CTCRM 
as Dep CMDT. 20 3.87. 

MAJORS: C P Cameron- MOD 
/London). 16* 87: C J Todd. HQ 
AtaorUi. 10.4*7: A M Mason. HQ 
AJ north. 8.5.87; 


COLONELS A B HarfMd. 3.1186: 
R F Preslon. 27.7.87. 

M Mahoney to pa hosp Raf 
W rough tan, 26.9.86: D H Oalster to 
1AM. 26.9.86- 

Shimmons to RAF Conlngsby. 
6.10*6: M J Russell to MOD iPEl. 
10.10.86: P J wudman la IFTS 
Unioxvan-Ouse. 10 10.86: J F H 
Marriott lo MoO. lo. 10.86: K E 
Matson to RAF Waddttwion. 6.10*6: 
8 C Kirby to MoO. 6.30.86: C L 
Ayletl. lo HQ BALTAP. 3.10.86: A H 
Jones lo RAF Swindemy. 3.10.86: A 
A Nicholson lo ASC Camber 
3.10.86: K F G E Miles to RAF 
CranweU. 3.10.86. 

presided and others present 

The Commissioner of the M«rooolitan 
Police and Lady Newman, the Assis- 
tant Commissioner. Territorial Opera- 
tions. and Mrs McLean. Lady Riches. 
Judge Edward Clarke. QC. and Mrs 
Clarke, ihe Rev Neville and Mrs 
Thomas. Colonel R R Owens and Mr 
and Mre W h Gibson. 

Birthdays today 

Mr Richie Benaud, 56; Sir 
Alfred Blake, 71: Mr Melvyn 

Bragg. 47: Sir Athelstan Canoe, 
S3; Mrs Barbara Castle, MEP, 
76; Lord CuDen of Ashbourne, 
74; Sir John Donaldson, 66 ; Mr 
Tony Greig, 40; Dr Thor Heyer- 
dahl, 72: Vice-Admiral Sir 
Derek RefielL 58; His Honour 
Sir William Stabb. QC 73; Reid 
Marshal Sir John Stanier, 61; 
Mr Duncan Stirling. 87. 


Lord Mark Fitzalan Howard to 
be Treasurer of the Scout 

Lord Moore of Wolvereote to 
succeed Lord Chaieris of 
Amisfield as Chairman of the i 
Trustees of the King George VI 
and Queen Elizabeth Founda- 
tion of St Catharine's at 
Cumberland Lodge 


Richmond Tutorial College 
Mr Carey Palmer, Founding 
Principal of Richmond Tutorial 
College held a reception on 
Saturday to celebrate the open- 
ing of the new building at 105 
Kew Road, Richmond, Surrey, 
and the founding of the college 
in 1975. Mr D.R. Martin, senior 
tutor, represented the Rev 
A.G.C. Pearson. College Chap- 
lain, and Mr R.H. Barker, 
registrar, represented the Rich- 
mond Association for the 
Advancement of Private Educa- 
tion. Among those present were: 

Arooldian dinner 
Sir Walter Clegg, MP, presided 
at Lhe Amoldian dinner at the 
House of Commons on Sat- 
urday. October 4. The toast to 
the guests was proposed by Mr 
R.D.W. Rhodes, Headmaster, 
and the reply was made by Mr 
B.H. McGowan. Mr K-A- j 
G ledhill, the Chairman of Gov- { 
emora of Arnold School, pro- I 
posed the voie of thanks. 

Service dinner 

Waggon Chib 

Major-General W. Bale pre- 
sided at a ladies night dinner 
given by the Waggon Gubar lhe 
Royal Corps ofT ransport Head- 

Mr A.C.T.W. Rnssefl 
and Miss EJ>. Manners 
Prince and Princess Michael of 
Kent attended the marriage on 
Saturday at All Saint's, 
BakewelL. Derbyshire, of Mr 
Alexander Russel L son of the 
late Sir John Russell and of 
Lady Russell of Chester Square. 
London, and Miss Elizabeth 
Manners, elder daughter of Lord 
and Lady John Manners, of 
Knipton. Grantham. Lincoln- 
shire. Canon W.N. Metcalfe and 
the Rev E.R. Urquhart 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attendol by Christopher Ram- 
say. Jack Churchill, the Hon 
May and the Hon Amy 
Tennant, Chloe Guinness, 
Sophie Honor. AlUd Boothby. 
Czarina Russell. Cosiraa Wei Her 
and Laura Prideaux. The Hon 
Rupert Soames was best man. 

Mr A.P. Brookes 
and Miss C.P.M. Cross 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at the Cathedral 

Foy, Ross- on-Wye. The Rev M. 
Woodward officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by William Boscaweo. 
Laura Boscawen and Sophie 
MialL Mr Hugo Barren was best 
man. A guard of honour was 
found by the Warrant Officers of 
the 16/5th Queens Roval 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Clare and Anne 
Pigot. Mr Michael Winter was , 
best man. 

A reception was held at The : 
Old Library. Guildhall. 

Mr DA. Sargent 
and Miss G. Gant 
The marriage took place: on 
Thursday, September 25. in 
London, between Mr Anthony 
Sargent, son of the late Sir 
Donald Sargent and of Lady 
SarganL of South Croydon, and 
Miss Caroline Gant, daughter of 
Dr and Mrs John Greenwood 
Gam. of Enniskillen. Northern 

Mr MJL Codcell 
and Miss K. Libby 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, at Chelsea Old 
Chruch. of Mr M.R. CockelL 
younger son of the late Mr P.C. 
Cockel! and of Mrs H.C. Gas- 
kell. of Gaigrave, North York- 
shire. and Miss Karen Libby. 

■ went on all on hts own. 
through his personal form of 
over-heated neo-romanticism 
towards a turbulent abstract 
expressionism not too unlike, 
but quite independent of. 
some strains of American art 
at that time. 

In this he was unique in 
Britain. Most of the abstrac- 
tionists at that period worked 
in a relatively refined, lyrical, 
land scape -based, tradition, 
but Wilde painted out of his 
own tormented psyche, pro- 
ducing in the late r940s and 
early 1950s images of extraor- 
dinary Fierceness and 

By the end of the decade he 
seemed to have undergone 

a friend, that money ujjjgg 

He never changed his tubo : 
ways. His lifestyle 
reckless that in 1970 brte- 
tumed home to find rebifoa 
mourning his death, after i 
tramp of his build, fouBtitfed 
in a street near hi* Brttega 
Park home, was msaka fcr 
him. Two years laten bk.- 
patron, the phitosOpheriC-l 
Bennett - who said 
was “ihe only one wbfrtn 
express my ideas in paiotidg”. 
took him to hi* hoist a 
Sherboumc House fe b 
Cotswolds. • v ' 

Wilde moved rato on of 

ac. M the stables, staying. oo'jfto 

shire, and Miss Karen Libby, seemed to have undergone Bennetl s death ill 1938. Hjc, 
vounger daughter of Mr and Mrs some kind of spiritual awak- amid the squalor be 
LG. Libby, of Kingston. Surrey, ening, inspired principally by called bis "graveyard*, bt 

teachings of Gtudjieff. ^nthis time paunfeg od 
During most of the 1960s he dnnkmg. “Lift 
gave up painting altogether adulterated 

best man. and went into a phase of staple. “Tnere>npBiw 

A reception was hdd at the withdrawal and togo...itsalljustaaresiJ 8 I tfs 

Carhon Club and the Honey- contemplation. purgatory" . > 

ntcon isbeingspentabtead. ^ TE gjj y pjyj . 

Mr J.R. Barclay 
and Miss DX. Ricboz 

Major-General W. Bale pre- Church of St Mary the Virgin, 
sided at a ladies night dinner Blackburn, of Mr Andrew 
given by the Waggon Cuba! the Brookes, only son of Mr and 

Royal Corps ofTransport Head- Mrs G.P. Brookes, of 
quarters. Aldershot, on Sat- Lyndbolme. Worksop, and Miss 
urday. Brigadier and Mrs A.K. Caroline Cross, younger daugh- 

Malor John Sutcliffe. Mr H C Keehoi. 
Mr and Mrs P Bowen. Mr R A BacK. 
Mbs J De Leon. Miss p DoueL Mr G 
Read. Mbs F Joyce. Mrs E Sitwell. Mr 
A AlbarazL Mr A Oiarlff. Miss S 
Lesley. Mr S Patel. Mr and Mrs D 
Withers Green. Miss S Bhafkar. Miss J 
MazJey. Miss J Homsby. Mr B 
Parsons and Mrs J Wetter. 

Dixon were among the guests. 


ter of the Bishop of Blackburn 
and Mrs Cross. The Bishop of 
Blackburn officiated, assisted by 

The Abomniball. in aid of St £^ l 5L* w ! , < on 

Josh's Hospice Training Unit, i™ 

will take place on January 6 . 
1 987, at Grosveuor House, Park 
Lane. Applications forms are 
available from 01-937 0418. 

The bride was attended by 
Angharad Morgan and Miss 
Camilla Peyton Jones. Mr Peter 
Wilcox was best man. 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

Major P.FJRL Vimn-Neal 

and Miss SXLP. Gaze 

The marriage took place on 

Hie marriage took place on 
Saturday. October 4. at the 
Brick Church, New York City, 
of Mr RandelJ Barclay, elder son 
of Mr and Mrs George C. 
Barclay, of Whitstone House, 
Bovey Tracey, south Devon, 
and Miss Dianne Richoz, 
daughter of Mr Charles F. 
Richoz, Jr. and Mrs Marv K, 
Richoz, of West Bloomfield, 
Michigan. Dr Herbert Anderson 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Mrs David Myers. 
Miss Dierarc Richoz. Miss 
Donna Richoz and Miss Carey 
Barclay. After their honeymoon, 
the couple will live in New York 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Victoria and James 
CockelL Mr David Barber was 
best man. 

A reception was hdd at the 
Carhon Club and the honey- 
moon is being spent abroad. 

drinking. “Life ls pmc, aa- 
adul terated hell", l a sakT&oi j 
lhe siable. “ThereVnwte* j 
to go ... it's all jusu dr&m,ift ; 

Flight-Lieutenant N-J. Gordon 
and Miss EJS. Loasby 

and Miss EJS. Loasby 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. October 4, in the crypt 
of St Paul's Cathedral of Flight- 
Lieutenant Nicholas Gordon 
and Miss Nicola Loasby. The 
Rev C.E.M. Roderick omdaied. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Miss Melinda Gor- 
don. and Harriet, Josephine, 
Laura and William Loasby. 
Flying-Officer Clive Gibson was 
best man. ! 

A reception was held at j 
Saddlers' HalL 

Mr Terry Pitt, Labour MEP he never stood for the How 
for Midlands West since 1 984, of Commons again ■ 
died on October 3 at the age of Between 1970 

4y " moved, like his ptetignffi-l 

When the first Wilson ad- tiie 

closely with Tony Beorwfioi 
lhe latter was bead df & 

Labour’s return to pawoviD 

SI?" 1 974, he was appoiniotpdili- 

scorch Department, a. post Adviser lo the 

eSrcirinP^onriirable mflu' <tent of 0> unc lL ! fe^ WBKl 
inflU ’ Short (now Loiti GlaOmA 
ence behmd the scenes. But the role did not sift ton 

Mr N.G Boles 
and Miss DJVL Pignt 

Saturday at St Mary's, Foy, of The marriage took place on 
Major Peter Vi vian-Neal. son of Saturday, at Si Lawrence Jewry. 

£4 a be + 15* VAT 

(minimum 3 lines) 

Anonunctnieni&. ^uibcniicaicd by Lhe 
ns me sod permanent addnss or I be 
sender, may be uni itx 

**ACItAT - On September SOU) 1 986. 

Peacefully, at Witney HospUal. Do- 
Darling nusoana of Monica, ana reen KsabeUa Gordon of New Yaw 

faUl ^l ASP- H ®*«- Wilnev- Orton. Mucfi 

Oirtstopher. candy. Anita. [pr of May and Gordon and Moved 

Laurence. Georgina, sons and dau^i- niece of Bertha. Funeral Service, 

leri in law. and hfc very dear grand private 

children. A very special person -how .. 

lucky we've been, requiein mass. £ a- STRHHWC Kathleen. Mary, on isi Oc 

Major Peter Vivian-NeaJ. son of 
Mr and Mrs Ralph Vivian-NeaL 
of Poiwdisford Park. Taunion, 

PO BOX 484 
Virginia Street 
London El 9XS 

or idcphonod fhy irtcpbonc sota- 
nbvn only) la SLttl 3824 

AnrunmccmctiK cm be mccivcd by 
ICkohuDC between Q.DUntn and 

3.30pm Monday (o Friday, on Saiur- 
day between 4,00am and 12 noon. 
fln-481 4881 arip. For publication the 
iWfcmvng da) by I.JOpm. 

etc on Court and Social Paw EG a toe 
+ 15** ¥«. 

Conn and Social Ripe mootaxmeau 
ran ikh be acccpjcd bv telephone. 
Enquiries m 01-822 9953 
UBct laJOainL or send lo: 

1 PBBdoglH StmL UBdaa El 5XH. 

Please allow as least hours before 

Mr or vi- rinkiiiii. iru- unliiirtnn of a 
laUu-t. and annul lo hnow 
■intnvumlini. Tor I you good 

dMlnur. lorulir »r not ms 1 law 
Proinrlp. a I and 3 

ling Abbey. Wednesday 8th October 

38Ui al Guy's Hospital, after a long 
illness, so courageomfy bourne. Cor- 
don John, most dearly loved 
husband of Linda, loving father of 
Christina and Julie, and an adored 
grandfather. Service of Thanksgiv- 
ing al Lewisham United Reform 
Church. High SL Lewisham al 2 pm. 
Tuesday October 7Ui. followed by 
private cremation al Beckenham Cre- 
matorium. Flowers to H. Copeland 
and Son Lid. 9 Bromley Rd. Becken- 
ham. Kent l el: 01-650 2295 or 
donations II desired to the friends of 
Guy'S Hospital. 

COSTER-LONGMAN - On September 
28th al Guys Hospital, afler a long 
Ulness so courageously borne. Gor- 
don John, most dearly loved 
husband of Linda, losing father of 
Christina and Juba and an adored 
grandfather. Service of Thanksgiv- \ 
ing al Lewisham Untied Reformed I 
Church. High Street. Lewisham al 2 i 
P m on Tuesday October 7th. Col ! 
lowed by private cremation at 
Beckenham Crematorium. Flowers 
to H Copeland 6 Son Ltd.. 9 Bromley 

tober. peacefully In Hie Royal South > 
Hants Hospital. Very dear wife of ! 
John, much loved mother, grand- 
mother and staler. A Thanksgiving i 

* for her life will be held at 'All Sibils'. 
Mliford-on-Sea. at 2.30 pm on Satur- 
day. Hilt October. No flowers, 
please, but al her request charitable 
donations for the 'Fortune Centre 1 
may be sent to John sunning. 

STANNJNC Kathleen. Mary, on is l Oc- 
tober. peacefully in the Royal South 
Hants Hospital. Very dear wife of 
John, much loved mother, grand- 
mother and sister. A Thanksgiving 
for her life will be held at "All Samis'. 
Mliford-on-Sea. at 2.30 pm on Satur- 
day. lith October. No flowers, 
please, but al her request chan table 
donations for Uie 'Fortune Centre 
may be sent lo John siannlng. 

USBOftNE. Monica MacArthur. wife 
of Richard, mother of David and Ka- 
ren. grandmother of Asfttey and 
Susanna Roughlon. on October 3rd. 
peacefully in hospital, aged 76. Obse- 
quies on vale. Please no Dowers. 

of Poundisford Park. Taunion, 
and Miss Serena Gaze, daughter 
of Mr John Gaze, of Slonetetgh 
House. Waltham on Ihe Wolds, 
Leicestershire, and the Hon Mrs 
Edward Davies, of Ingestone. 

Saturday, at St Lawrence Jewry. 
EC2, of Mr Nicholas Botes. 

elder son of the laic Mr Kenneth 
Botes and of Mrs Gian Stewart, 
and Miss Diana PigoL eldest 
daughter of Judge and Mrs 
Thomas PigoL Canon Graham 
Routledge officiated. 

Mr EJD. McPhte 
and Miss SJ. Thornton 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. October 4. at Lathom 
Park ChapeL Lathom. Lan- 
cashire, or Mr Ewan McPhie, 
son of Mrand Mrs D.S. McPhie, 
of Edinburgh, and Miss Sara 
Thornton, eldest daughter of the 
Rev K. and Mrs Thornton, of 
Ormskirk. Lancashire. 

Soon afterwards he bad As 
to say of the permaaefli 
officialdom with which be fed 

Mr OJJj. Clowes 
and Mbs E.D. Forster 
The engagement is announced 
between David, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs Edward Garfit Clowes, 
of Glade Lodge. Kingswood. 
Surrey, and Elizabeth, younger 
daughter of Sir Oliver and Lady 
Forster, of The While House, 
Raglan Road. Reigate, Surrey. 

Mr R.H. Bond 

and Miss AuS. Curtis 

The engagement is announced 

Forthcoming marriages 

between Richard, younger son 
of the (aie Ueuienant-Colonef 
and Mrs A.R. Bond, of Creech 
Grange. Wareham. Dorset, and 
Susan, daughter of Brigadier 
and Mrs J.H.P. Curtis, of 
(nsariach House, by Avieraore, 


Rd.. Beckenham. KenLOl 650 229S. I 

Or donations If desired lo Uie Fneods I CURTts-RALEIGIf a Memorial service 

of Guyv Hospital. 


BALL on October 3rd. lo Uzzte <rtee 
Morrtebi and Simon, a Mm. Alexan- 
der Henry. A brother for George. 

COHEN ■ On Sepiembrr 30th. lo Bryo- 
ny nice Cart ran and Jonathan, a 
son. Rupert Lionel, a brother for 

DAVIES On October 1. at West London 
Hospital, to Carol and Peter, a son. 
Rhvs Morgan 

HUTCHISON . On Tuesday 30th Sep- 
tember 1986. al CKv Hospital. Si. 
Albans, la Helen (Holden) and 
Dougal. a son. Angus Alexander 

Mt ALPINE - On 2nd October, al SI. 
Thomas Hospital, to Angela inee 
Hickiei and Adrian, a daughter 
CHlvia Alice, a sister lor Anlonta. 

ROGERS ■ On September 13 1986. lo 

Manly» liter Momwoton). and Lind- 
say. a son. Jordan Piers, a brother 
for Jamieson. j 

STEAD. On 2nd October, lo Nlco mee ] 
Gen ( > and Richard, a daughier. Chloe 

THORNE - On 201ft September, lo HeJ- . 
en inee Goddard) and James, a son. ■ 
Luhe Alexander 

CORDON SMITH On October 3rd. al 
home. Valentine Strange Gordon 
Smith ot The Priory. Utley. Oxford. 
Dearly loved mother of Ted and Hel- 
en and grand mol her of Marlin. 
Clare. Tom. Dun ran and James. Fu- 
neral at St Marys. Iffltry on Thursday 
October 9th al I lam followed by pri- 
vate cremation Donations, if 
desired, for medical research to the 
John RadrlHfc Hospital, c/o Bromley 
& Son. 423 Meadow Lane. HTiey. 

for Judge Nigel CurhsAalelgh will 
lake place al St Peters Church Ham-, 
mersnuth. on Saturday lBth October 
al II 30am. 

DUNN ■ a Memorial Service for Pro- 
fessor Gerald Dunn, tale Head of the 
Department of Optometry and Visual 
Science. The CUV University, will be 
held in SI. Janies' Church. 
Clerken well, al 12 noon on Thurs- 
day October 30. 

Mr T. R. Cottee 
and Miss J. Smith 
The engagement is announced 
between Trevor R. Cottee: 
Royal Engineers, son of Mr and 
Mrs R. Cot lee. of Holland-on- 
Sea. Essex, and Julie, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs D. Smith, of 
Clacton-on-Sea. Essex. 

HAMILTON Slubber on Friday Ihe 3rd 
Oriobrr 1 986 John Henry peacefully 
al homo. Funeral service Tuesday 
7Ui October 1986 al 2.30 pm al SI 
Johns FiiemiiHown. County Ty- 
rone Famin' dowers only please. 
Donations tf so desired to ihe Marie 
Cune Memorial Foundation, c/o The 
Nonhrm Bank Lid.. Flvemllelown. 
Country Tyrone 

HHJL ■ A Memorial Service for Murray 
'iclor Burrow’ HIIL will be held In 
Westminster Abbey al 6.15 p.m on 
Monday 3rd Not ember 1986. Those 

askSnrnKmtvfhe I fnd Mrs J. Davies-ScourfielcLof 

Mr R. Davies-Scoarfidd 
and Miss DJ. 

The engagement is announced 
between Richard, son of Major 

lo lhe Receiver General. 20 Deans 
Vard. Westminster Abbey. London 
SW1P 3PA. 


took place op September 27th al SI 
Bono line's . Bartnomley. Cheshire. 
Between David Claxion and Pamela 
Tailor. BKhop Charts Claxton 

GOLDSMD On October 2nd lo GUly < 
nee Guyi and Nick a daughter Clare 

PEARS0N-ROGERS, Croup Captain 

Henry Wiliam on October 3rd. 
1 986. al North Wal&ham. Norfolk. lo 
Mrs Frances Mary Lawrence 

HEMP - On October 2nd 1966. peace- 
fully al home. Mary Trevellyan 
iMoffy label. Funeral service al sl 

Marylebone Crematorium. East End 
Rd. Finchley. N2. On Thursday Oc- 
lober 9 lb at 1 lam. 

KEMP - On October 2nd 1986. peace- 
fully at home. Molly Lake (Mary 
Trevellyani. Funeral Service al SL 
Marylebone Crematorium. East End 
Rd. Finchley. N2. On Thursday Oc- 
tober 9ln at ll am. 

LLEWELLYN On Friday October 3rd 
peacefully al Tradition Park. 
Abergavenny. Colonel Sir Godfrey 
Uewellvn Bari CB. CBE. MC. TD. 
JP. DL. Devoted husband of lhe late 
Dowe and much loved raiher of Mi- 
chael and of wen 11 t*n Hacket Pain 
and grandfather of Nick. Simon. Sa- 
rah. Carolyn and Lucy. Funeral at Si 
Trtlos Church. LlanuUo Pertholey. 
nr Abergavenny on Wednesday Oc- 
tober 8th al 3 pm. Family and dose 
friends only Memorial service later. 
Flowers lo church mease 

MATTHEWS - A Memorial Service for 
Brvan Harold Cabot Matthews. Kl . 

s ■ M-A - ^ D - Fe lk>w of 

King’s College and Emenrus Profes- 
sor of Physiology, will be held at 
2.30 p.m. on Saturday. 25tb October 
fn lhe Ghaprl of King’s College^ 

Mill House. GrosmonL Gwent 
and Debra Joan, youngest 
daughter of ihe late Mrand Mrs 
F.C. Zahl. of Brisbane. 

Captain D J. Eadie 
and Miss C.F. Beale 
The engagemeni is announced 
between David James Eadie. 
I 6 th/Sib The Queen’s Royal 
Lancers, elder son of Mr and 
Mrs Jeremy Eadie. of Brazen hi 11 
Lodge, Haughton. Staffordshire, 
and Camilla Fiances, eider 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Rich- 
ard Beale, of Maddiogion Place, 
Shrewion, Wiltshire. 

Dr L Gray 
and Dr S.IVLSnjitb 
The engagement is announced 
between Ian. son of Mrs V.M. 
Gray, of Napier. New Zealand 
and Susan, second daughter of 
Mr and Mrs lan Smith, . of 
Bickley. Kent 
Mr M.C. Gibson 
and Miss JX Boswell 
The engagement is announced 
between Martin Charles, elder 
son of the late Mr N.D. Gibson 
and of Mrs M.E.V Gibson, of 
The Old Cottage. Letcombe 
Regis. Oxfordshire, and Joanna 

Louise, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
J.L Boswell, of The Priest 
House. Moreton Morrell. 

Mr RLA Morrxll 
and Miss &A. Kohhneyer 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, son of Dr and 
Mrs EJ. Morrall. of Durham, 
and Susan Ann. eldest daughier 
of Mr and Mre Herman S. 
Koblmeyer. Jr. of New Orleans. 
Louisiana. United States. 

Mr J. Pringle of TorwmxDee 
and Miss F. de Sales La 

The engagement is announced 
between James; elder son of the 
late Mr James Pringle of ! 
Torwoodlee, and of Mre Doro- i 

thy Pringle, and Fiona, daughter 
of Captain Ian de Sates La 

Ten-fere, of DunaJastair. and the 
late Mrs Sarah de Sales La 
Terri ere. 

Mr J.B. de Sales La Terrifere 
and Miss C-V. Weatherall 
The engagement is announced 
between James, eldest son of 
Captain Ian de Sales La 
Terri trie, of Dunalastair and the 
late Mre Sarah de Sales La 
Territrie. and Clare, daughier of 
Mr and Mrs william 
WeatheraJL of Shomdown, 
Mursley. Buckinghamshire. 

Mr KJ). Schooling 

and Miss D.M- Ham 

The engagement is announced 

ence behmd the scenes. g ut nQ j ^ ^ 

But he did not succeed in and he resigned ■ witha 
securing election to the House months, 
of Commons, and when the -. . . , . 

Labour leadership changed, . Soon aftqwanls he tad 
bis prospects dimmed, 
spire his election to the Euro- 
pean Parliament, his position 

in (he Labour Party regained ^ 1V1 ' Service 1 ^ a s ' a ® ^ 
tittle of its former importance, organ tzatton. Tfiey arc ^ 
Tm^iuv* oitt h««. tamely able people, hot tw 
it ^ not punme any sorted 
1 radical policy". Such a m* 

ment vS not cafculmdj 
^ . , I ? 3 ? 5 endear him to James Cdla- 

mi "^r e ch Col !^ e n° f fiS^Sd'ESS-St 

Labour Party in 1976. ' 

making tiis mark in student Two yeai^ later Pitt wefltt® 

politics, he joined the Labour to Papua New Guinea ss 
Party Research Department founding director of the Jaft* 
under Peter Shore, becoming tute of National Affairs (ft* 
its head in 1965 after Shore modem Belloc, perhaps; h® 
bad entered Parliament. equivalent of going out » 

Pitt’s technological training, govern New South; 
allied to a flexible and articu- On h is return h 1981* 
late personality, made him became senior "adviser on 
s«m a very promising figure economic development to 4* 
when Harold Wilson was West Midlands County Corn- 
launching what was supposed a L when the abolition Of the 
to be a technological, rather metropolitan counties v® 

kSS re ^ Uon - In Puling him out of a job. to 

1967, he was idenufied as one was elected to the European 
y. oun S. m eteore” of his Parliament for the West Mid- 
time by Jonathan Aitken, in a lands seat, desoite earlier op- 

Civil Service is a sotus joo 
organization. They ait «■ 
tremely able people, hot tto> 
will not pursue any sort w 
radical policy”. Such a seto- 
ment was not calculaiedj 
endear him to James. (Wa* 
ghan, who became Pn® 
Minister and Leader of k 
L abour Party in 1976. - 

Two yeare later Pitt weft 
to Papua New Gutwa.-ss 
founding director of the JosP* 
tute of National Affairs (to a 
modem Belloc, pertuftl 
equivalent of going otrf w 
govern New South; 

On his return &J 9 &Ute 
became senior adviser 

between Keith, only son of Mr 
and Mrs Maurice Schooling, of 
Finchley, north London,, and 
Diana, only daughter of the late 
Mr Denis Hunt and Mrs Jane 
Hunt, of Gitling East. York. 

Mr R-D. Tfley 

and Miss CM. Bowes 

The engagement is announced 

book of that name. 

in his backroom post he was 
responsible for preparing any 
number of policy documents, 
and he had much to do with 
Labour's 1 970 election mani- 
festo. Jn the election of that 
year he was himself the candi- 
date for Lichfield .and 
Tam worth, but he shared the 
fate of his party. Though his 

between Richard, only son of parliamentary ambitions were 
Mr and Mrs Roy Tiley. of not quenched by this defeat 
Kensington. London, and Caro- 
line. eldest daughter of Mr and H itoo m 

ciL When the abolition flf tte 
metropolitan counties' w® , 
putting him out of a job, to 
was elected to the Europe® 
Parliament for the West Mid- 
lands seat, despite earlier o?' 
position to Brittwi 
membership of the EEC e& 
Strasbourg he - served » 
labour’s spokesman on w»- 
gelary matters. 

Pitt gave his whole. life® 
politics. He never married©® 
seems to have had: no °“5[ 
interests. Intermittent 
health was, at least partly.^ 
inflicted. But be was a hvaj 

intelligent and cornpanionaDK 


Mrs Terry Bowen, of Tunbridge 
Wells. Kent. 

mess molly lake 

Science report 

*2®**®:, A service of manksgtv-ing 
5T **“ V«a Eleanor 

Thomas QBE rid t* iu be fiekl 
on Salurday 25lh October 1986 al Si 
George's Church. RAF HaJlon. 
Wendover. Buckinghamshire al 
1 1 am. 

Cheap test for spinal disorders 

Trevellvan pames, most notably, in 

i!S2! . M]et the Continental Bfttet 
dancer, teacher and choreog- survived for several 
ragier.diedonOnoberlShe thanks to Careful 

and industrious tcantogJJ 
. Bom in Cornwall, she stud- places *°° sni3 ^ % 
ted dancing with Seraphine companies to vftiL MWWJ 
Astafieva and Enrico continued to dance thfci» {U !f 
Cecchetti. then danced for classical roles and was 
three years with Anna choreographer of r.seW 81 
Pavlova’s company, b$com- Bl °^ s the company.' 
ing a soloist. a< a te»rh«- «hA eaiite^ 8 

By John Newell 

i larrv » a new device for the diagnosis 

of spinal abnomnlities has been 
*""" ■ perfected from research by a 

rs iUEMORlAYI - PBrVMTF mature studwir at Trent Poly- 
BWOIUKUM rWVATE technic in Nottingham. Mr Rob- 

KHWW Remembering dear Kip. 

today and every day. Doris. dim lip the final year Of his 

TAYLOR * KM8 - Waller, passed away 
unexpectedly October 5th. 1985. In 
Ms 83rd year. Greatly missed by all 
who knew him. Remembered wUh 
love, always. His Family 

degree course. 
The eqoipme 


ALLPORT. On 30th September. 
Crone Allport. Fondly remembered 

by family and mends- Fmwral at 
Slough Crematorium on 9 tti October 
al 230 pm. Flowers please lo 
Sargeani and Son. Church SI. 
Slough, by ipm 

McKENNA - On October m 1986. In 
her 88lh year. Pleasant* Elhcabeth. 
eldea Child Of the third Earl of 
Sir Ad broke, mother of Wrlfnd add 
Maureen Sophia, wandmottier of 
tan. Sara. Trisha. PhdipM and 
Claire, greatgrandmother of Laura 
Plcasance and Julia. Family flowers 
only A donation to R.N.LJ. to lhe 
Earl Haigh Poppy Fund would be 
liked. For (uneral enaunes see "Fu- 
neral Arrangements' or telephone 
SO Miller. Reydon. Souihwold. 
(0502) 722268 



®fc*EHl«A The (uneral of Lady pjeas- i 
anre McKenna will lake plan on 1 
Igffjy TOi October al the Roman 1 
Catholic Church m SouUtwoki ai 12 
nojm. followed hy interment at 
souienon parish Church, followed 1 

toe^5^ r ' KeDf ' n » anla9l ' ln B a « 

The equipment is suitable for 
schools or mobile dinks for the 
early diagnosis of scoliosis - 
spinal curvature disease - and 
other spinal disorders. It could 
retail for less than £50 and. can 
be used with a BBC 
microprocessor or similar com- 
puter. This could aitoir regular 
medical checks to be carried oat 
to identify the beginning of 
spinal curvature. 

In scoliosis, the spine becomes 
curved to one side- At the same 
time Individual vertebrae be- 

come partially rotated on their 
axes. Because the ribs are 
attached to upper vertebra of the 
spine, the rotation may cause the 
ribs to poshed more to one side 
of the body, and they in turn may 
make the sfaonJder blade become 
more prominent on the affected 

When scoliosis affects the 
lower spine, one hip often sticks 

Mr McDonough’s device con- 
sists of three metal rods joined 
together. The two hinges of the 
joints are formed by potentiom- 
eters. instruments which provide 
insistence to electrical currents. 
The resistence changes as the 
potentiometers are rotated. 

Daring diagnosis one end of 
Ihe jointed rod is fixed to the 
bottom of the spine being exam- 

ined while the other end is 
applied successively to the 
protrusions of the vertebrae, 
starting at the top of the spine 
and working downwards. 

This means that the hinges 
carrying the potentiometers are 
rotated to differing extents as 
each successive protrusion is 
contacted by the top end of the 
rod. The accompanying changes 
in current flowing through the 
two potentiometers are picked 
up and fed to a microprocessor 
which analyses the changes and 
nses the data to produce a 
graphic three-dimensional 
representation of the spine. 

doctors can compare the 
graphic at each examination to 
previous, data about the 
child stored in the school 
computer's records. 

She danced also for Tamara 
Karsavina and Lydia Kyashi, 
taught at Ninette de Valois’ 
school, and became a princi- 
pal dancer at the Marigny 
Theatre. Paris, and the Deut- 
sches Theater, Munich. Dur- 
ing the 1930s she was a 
member of the Markova- 
Dolin Ballet and foe leading 
pan in Keith Lester’s recon- 
struction of the famous Pas de 
Quatre was created for her. 

Later Molly Lake and her 
husband, Travis Kemp, 
founded several small com- 

As a teacher, she earitegj 
reputation as an outstanftj® 
exponent of CecchettTs inSr 
ods. In. 1954. at 

Lake and Travis' 
to Ankara to direct theftW® 
formed haflet oonservaW 
there. • 

They returned to HngiaiKj/” 
1974, and Miss Lake cogj 
ued io teach some 
classes. Her chief aim '.**■* 
teacher was to try to 
qualities of speed, hsh“x 
poise and brilliance 
saw being eroded S®?*. 
modern methods., — - 

f CON. 

nTT n muc iws. IIW oraMtuj -IS ■ III' 

Jr Ho defining the product he is to selL 

CJUttiqjicriU" pcmsimnnw— -— 

than io the three Rs, or that 

nothing- - on 

PdlhichTEdiior I the photic rang! It wasa message -;-sonnruiiiwi mm 


h c 


- 'A 

,n fiilij'A 

of love 

‘Mil, -i 



"t, l, * v 

* ‘ "nil: 'fc 
'*!**& . 
h-V ; 

; m,,,, imu !; v t 

.* 11 > • 

1 i- 



test love apparent _ 
of . Lovelmv 



iUiU 'i^y 




v |Vi Hi. 





' ■ \ 'A 

i, 1 




: Hu ,4. 

*' " >hji , n K 

“• l! " ni * u^: 
!i:; "»• j-j- 

Y'-"' ^ 

• 's'-nsc u at ' 

K« ‘ 

’■ 11 ‘ w N>‘0j;' 
,I: ‘ '•"» .a. 

{. w ir) 

' Iv V 


••■ 4*a 

tfcjifc u ■. 

NlUi-' 1 

’• )>• 
i.i [-• 


k !“.• 

V11 ! 


was the labour of its 


see ®~ wore appropriate fnr 

own adults. With * 

S?“5® Sunday-school tea- 
Nicholson set out to find 

ahont joimjg love in Japan, 

sSSr t? 51 ** United 

states. The manner of his 

Presentation in a* first pm. 

gramme suggested that he 
expmed to make a collection 
of earth-moving truths. What 
he has come back with are 
»«Kj Pleasam if passionless 

. ^nettes- Perhaps later on he 

wul investigate exactly what is 
weant by “love” and how 
much its discrepancies are 
biologically and 
j determined. 

For the moment we disco v- 
weamat Japanese parents are 
a tnfle Victorian, so their 
cautiously deceitful children 
have to go to hotels; that 
Araenran parents abdicate all 
responsibiity; that Kenyan 
teenagers read Cardand-esqae 
ewdes; and that in India 
anairs are out of the Question 
and. therefore, mind The 
pappy-lovers interviewed were 

. fresh and fr ank flnj jjs OD? 

would expect. 

"The Secret Life of Paintings 
(BBC2) began in a locked 
room of the National Gallery 
with a mysteriously upper- 
crust commentary and a lot of 
Transylvanian mist. Once she 
had emerged from the cold ice, 
the presenter. Lady Wedg- 
wood, tamed oat to be a 
knickerbockered combination 
of Edith Sitwell and Barbara 
Wood house. In bringing to fife 
Bosch's Christ Crowned with 
Thorns , she used a lot of other 
gimmicky devices (flying bits 
of Bosch, machine-guns, dun- 
geon chains). The result, 
beguilingly ridiculous, was 
like an under-bndgeted horror- 
movie. But, in shocking ns to 
watch her uncover “the librar- 
ies of meaning” behind tills 
single painting , she at least 
made a change from the 
Go wing and C&rk school of 

Redbrick, Channel 4*s an- 
swer to Queens’* began its 
I naturalistic soap aboot j^ew- 
castle University * with the 
appointment of a new lecturer. 
The raw material would have 
made even Jean-Lac Godard 
blanch, but the producer,' Ste- 
phen Garrett, dwelt on the 
grating chminfaess of aca- 
demics with commendable cru- 
elty. Not even' Howard Jacob- 
son can have come up with an 
article entitled “The death of 
working-class politics In New 



Bernardo Bertolucci has gone to Peking’s Forbidden 
City to make the most expensive independent film 
ever undertaken: Robert T. Grieves reports 

The emperor stands up 
against commercialism 

~Silencio. r ’ The command echoes 
throughout the walled courtyard in 
from of the Palace of Peaceful 
Longevity in Peking’s decayed 
Forbidden City. Almost at once the 
commotion caused by hundreds of 
Chinese and foreign tourists roped 
in at one side of ibe cobble-stoned 

expanse subsides. . 

It is an afternoon , of brilliant 
sunlight and a piercingly bine sky. 
On a terrace of the Hall of Ultimate 
Greatness,- which leads into the 
courtyard, ax of the more than 60 
genuine Tibetan Buddhist lamas 
assembled near the hall stand 
before Cinecetza kJieg-lights and 
reflectors. A recording of a Bud- 
dhist chant fills the air and the 
lamas on the terrace, decked out in 
authentic yellow head-dresses and 
dull red robes, begin chanting along 
with the music. 

“Cut.” The haunting chords 
cease, the crowd gets noisy again 
and Bernardo Bertolucci, sitting on 
a stool at the base of the terrace, 
confers with his cinematographer, 
Vittorio Storaro. For one moment 
in a small corner of the Forbidden 
City the year was not 1986 but 
1908. The Empress Dowager Ci Xi 
had just died, a three-year-old child 
named Po Yi was about 10 become 
the Emperor of China and the 
lamas were praying , for his future 

The Last Emperor traces the 
remarkable IHe of Pa Yi, from his 
hrief reign as the last ruler of the 
Qing dynasty, to his debut as 
Emperor of the Japanese poppet 
state of Mancbukuo and sub- 
sequent imprisonment by Soviet 

and Chinese authorities. Jailed for 
10 yeare, Pu Yi on his rel ea se 
became a gardener m the Peking 
botanical gardens and died in 1967, 
at die height of China's Cultural 

To avoid the problems of cosily 
overruns and Chinese bureaucracy 
that plagued the filming 0 fTaipan* 
based on James QavriTs best- 
selling novel of the same name. 
The Last Emperor is being made in 
conjunction with China's Film Co- 
production Corporation and Bei- 
jing Him Studios. In addition, the 
production has retained Shirley 
Sun, a Chinese-American who 
made A Great Wall* now showing 
10 packed houses in America, as a 
consultant. The Last Emperor is 
scheduled to be released in October 

“This rivals die pyramids”, 
Bertolucci rays as he gazes at the 
Forbidden City's fade d gates and 
palaces during a break in the 
shooting, “ft is the Disneyland of 
China. Hollywood would not dare 
to make a set like this.” Indeed, 
Peking is about as tor as anyone is 
likely 10 get from either Hollywood 
or Pmewood. Six weeks into the 
film's 14-week shooting-schedule 
in China (including locations in 
Peking, Dalian, Shenyang and 
Chang chun), nearly everyone con- 
nected with the film is tired. 
Essential materials for the sets 
cannot always be found. The city, 
bereft of night-life, is declared 
boring. And the Chinese prove 
difficult to work with. 

“They think we talk too fasi and 
are madmen”, says Serena Cane- 

vari. a production assistant 
"Schedules are not always kepi and 
doors are sometimes locked when 
they should be open.** Despite such 
difficulties, China and the quality 
of the project have engendered a 
great dal of enthusiasm among the 
members of the crew. Prom 
Bertolucci down to the imported 
Italian chef who prepares daily 
lunches of pasta and hamburgers. 
The Lust Emperor has become not 
so much a movie as a mission to 
prove that an epic film with a 
serious theme can be just as 
profitable as Ratnbo or The Texas 
Chainsav.' Massacre. 

For Storaro. who is now 46, The 
Last Emperor is his twenty-seventh 
film, but an important one none- 
theless. “This is a film for big 
movie theatres, an epic", rays the 
cinematographer. “Technically, 
video will soon replace film in the 
making of small, intimate movies 
that can be shown at borne. But for 
pictures like this people will still 
want to come to the theatre." 

The Last Emperor could well 
mark the apotheosis of Bertolucci, 
who at 45 already ranks as one of 
the world's major directors on the 
strength of The Conformist , Last 
Tango in Paris, 1900 and other 
films. At $22.5 million, the movie 
is the biggest independent film 
production ever undertaken and, if 
successful, will free Bertolucci from 
what be regards as the crass 
commercialism that has overtaken 

During the two years that be 
researched the movie by travelling 
to China. Bertolucci was captured 

“This rivals the pyramids . . . Hollywood wonld not dare to make a set like this": Bertolucci In action 

by the mystique that still surrounds 
the People’s Republic. “Walking 
along the Bund in Shanghai at 
seven o’clock one evening” he 
says, “I felt the excitement of being 
the only white person in the street 
among thousands of Chinese; the 
same excitement that westerners 
here in the 19th century must have 
felL” Translating that excitement 
to toe film is, of course, more 

Outwardly. Bertolucci appears 
calm as he works in toe Forbidden 
City, but the appearance is decep- 
tive. “I'm an actor. IF only you 
knew what agony and ecstasy 1 am 
going through. The eaten is my 
British side; Tin a quarter Irish." 
Still, he is quite optimistic. “The 
pirate ship is sailing through the 
Yellow Sea. and every day we have 
a hurricane that comes, creates a 
storm, and leaven”, he says, refer- 
ring to The Last Emperor. “After- 

wards. the skies are tom sunny.” 

Bertolucci's style of film-making 
is decidedly improvisationaL* “I 
have a written script and I do one 
shoL Then I might have an 
inspiration tor another shot, build- 
ing on the first. Of course, the 
bigger the movie the more difficult 
this becomes. On this film 1 have 
the weight of millions and millions 
of dollars on me." 

For Jeremy Thomas. The Last 
Emperor's 37-year-old producer, 
making magic' realism in China 
also means spending money — 
roughly 550,000 a day. Thomas 
raised the necessary capital from 
five sources in the City: Hill 
Samuel & Co. Standard Chartered 
Bank. Pierson, Hddring & Pierson 
UK, Credit Anstali Bankverem 
and Gota Bank UK. “Ten per cent 
of our budget is a contingency fund 
to cover toe costs of delays and 
problems”, says Thomas. “We've 

found that the Chinese make films 
at a more leisurely pace. Bui we 
haven't had a major problem and 
we haven't had to compromise on 
the script yet." 

More than 60 actors have prin- 
cipal parts in the film, in addition 
10 the 19,000 Chinese extras and 
1.000 People's Liberation Army 
soldiers who will comprise the 
crowd scenes. But a strong 
constellation of stars should help 
draw movie-goers to the box-office, 
Among them are John Lone, whose 
credits include Michael Cimino's 
>’nir of the Dragon and Fred 
Schepisi's Iceman . Joan Chen, a 
25-year-old actress from Shanghai 
who appeared in Rafeella de 
Lauren uis’s Tatpatt . and well- 
known figures such as the British 
actor Peter O'Toole, who plays Pu 
Yi's English tutor, and Yim 
Ruocheng, a Chinese actor with US 
film experience. 

Janette Ranch as the runaway on the fascinating Line 1 

Reprieved by a £50,000 grant 
from the American-based Ire- 
land Fund after the loss of its 
Arts Council subsidy, the 
Dublin Theatre Festival 
seems to be undergoing toe 
same kind of changes that are 
overtaking the visible face of 
toe city. Visitors in days gone 
by could sample a variety of 
local work in a setting of 
crumbling elegance. Now 
there are holes in toe ground 
- and structures like the Central 
Bank’s concrete chib-sand- 
wich. which Tommy O’Neill 
(one of this year’s new play- 
wrights) sums up as “big 
brother buildings”. \ 

As for-the festival, there is 
no lack of home-grown ma- 
terial: such as Mr O’Neill's 
Have a Nice Day (Focus 
Theatre), a conversation piece 
for two former drug addicts 
caught trespassing on a private 
golf course, which exposes a 
line of fresh targets to the 
rasping wit of the age-old 
Dublin underdog. But with 
toe exception of Frank 
McGuinness’s Innocence, 
which opens this week at the 
Gate, most new Irish work is 
confined to fringe addresses. 

Irving Wardle at the Dublin Festival 

Blazing a trail underground 

Line I (Olympia), which 
readies toe Shaw Theatre on 
Wednesday, is toe work of 
Volker Ludwig and the Berlin 
Grips Theatre, who devote 
themselves to dramatizing 
youthful experience, and how 
to cope with it They are a 
great pathfinding troupe to 
which the British stage has so 
tor turned a blind eye- A fine 
earlier piece, Alies Plastik, 
came and went unnoticed at 
Stratford East two years ago; 
for their second visit they 
have taken the heroically un- 
precedented step of re-rehears- 
mg the production in English. 

Like previous Grips shows. 
Line 1 centres on the wide- 
spread German phenomenon 
of runaway children. It is also 
the company's first musicaL- 
music, for once, being promp- 
ted by the needs of the story. 
Hitting town in pursuit of her 
rock-star boyfriend, the ran- - 
away girl (Janette Rauch) - 
takes a ride on the under- 

London Brass 

St James’s, Piccadilly 

- . lam not quite sure if I have 
.. just been to a concert or not I 
. was. I hasten to add, at an 
. • ; event of some kind, and it did 
include the London Brass 
Virtuosi giving, -among other 
‘ ■ - things, the first British perfor- 
v mance of a recent work by 
.•••■ Hans Werner Henze, the So- 
. rtaJa per Otto Ottoni, whose 
:i. natural place, you would have 
• thought, is in a concert. 

‘ " Bui then there was also the 
• kindly, if authoritative, man ■ 
who made us stand while he 
.. . ;poke a prayer at toe begin- 


remember correctly. And 
there was the Upper Norwood 
Band of the Salvation Army, 
who played (excellently) a 
selection of pieces, most of 
them variations on hymn 
tunes, by composers T bad 
never heard o£ some of 
whom, like James Cumow, ' 
nevertheless showed them- 
selves to be craftsmen of a . 
high degree, Bat these works 
did seem more like rallying 
cries than anything dse. 

The Henze, is actually a 
transcription of a piece orig- 
inally written for the Berlin 
Philharmonic Orchestra, in 
1 983.. • Tike. . Stravinsky .in 
Pulcineila, Henze takes as his 

church sonata by Vi tali, and 
proceeds to recast and embel- 
lish it Although VitalPs exist- 
ing lines are in essence 
preserved, toe composer dis- 
torts phrase-lengths and adds 
new, strident counterpoints, 
the resulting parody rounding 
grotesque, intentionally so if 
we axe to judge from toe 
cacophonous final discord, 
redolent of Mozart's A Musi- 
cal Joke or indeed Ives’s 
Second Symphony. Again like 
Stravinsky, he thus uncovers 
something previously un- 
suspected in something old, 
and with a touch or dry 
humour. . . . 

David Honey baO directed a 
commendabJy tight perfor- 
mance that the players seemed 
thoroughly to enjoy. They also 
despatched sweetmeats like 



ling and who preached a short ■ j . ui ay w iwi wi >mcuiiHu i»e 

sermon that had something to starting-point music from toe the Handel's Fire- 

lo with Psalm 150, if 1 -baroque penod, in this case a HWrtbc Music p, irr¥ [p g Tnim- 

* per Tune and Howard Blake's 


SUM0CT 12*40 

SUN OCT 19 3 t 4 .o 

MON OCT 20 st 3.0 
SUN OCT 26 at 4.0 

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SHAn ^S^^!SH(g0.734StB6.734S W? 

light but artfully constructed, 
idiomatic Surioniena in an 
equally invigorating manner. 

Stephen Pettitt 





Tel'.OI 836 8108. 

ag . 


What is it about the Elgar 
Cello Concerto that so inspires 
younger players? In the Sixties 
there was, of course, toe 
incomparable recording of 
Jacqueline Du Pre, whose 
mellow and intense playing 
transend ed the generation-gap 
between composer (this was 
bis last substantial orchestral 
piece) and performer. And 
now we have to reckon with 
the formidible version of 
Alexander Baillie, who on 
Saturday gave a reading that, 
if it could not surpass that of 
Da Pre, nevertheless ran it 
dose for its concentration and 
sheer searing beauty. 

Bafflie’s view of the work 
actually seemed a degree less 
self-indulgent, more objec- 
tively thought through, than 
Du FTC’s, though he still made 
every moment count .in its 
predominentiy sad. nostaligc 
and pessimistic course. The 
weight of each gesture was 
instinctively calculated as h 
came, and thus be avoided 
any trace of affectation, while 
needless to say his technical 
command was faultless, his 
tone-quality finely graded 
and, most important, his re- 
actions utterly spontaneous. 
All of which must have made 
life slightly tricky for the 
London Symphony Orchestra, 
though the natural flow of 
Baillie's performance was 
surely something infectious. 
At . any jate .tbc . orchestra 
seemed to be in fine, alert 
form under toe confident 
guiding hand of Andrew 
Litton, who ensured that those 
deft touches of Elgar’s beauti- 
fully balanced orchestration 
were delivered io full effect. 

If his reading in toe second 
half of Rachmaninov’s Sec- 
ond Symphony seemed In 
comparison a little unremit- 
ting in its intensity, well, the 
piece is like that, though the 
acoustic properties of tots hall, 
ten din g to emphasize the brass 
at toe expense of the strings (az 
least as heard from my seat), 
hardly helped to unscramble 
the complex layers of sound. 
Nevertheless Litton shaped 
toe swelling climaxes of toe 
work, particularly those of the 
slow movement, with great 
fervency, as indeed he did 
Britten’s Four Sea Interludes, 
whose evocative orchestral 
colours in feet seemed better 
suited to this place. 



ground that lasts the full 
duration of the show. Line 1, 
locally known as toe Orient 
Express, runs from the central 
Zoo station to Kreuzberg, the 
largest Turkish city outside 
Turkey. It thus furnishes an 
animated meeting-point fin- a 
large cross-section of the 
inhabitants of toe city of new 
beginnings. Music, from the 
No Ticket group, charac- 
terizes the various commuters 
and underworld habitues with 
excursions into rock, patriotic 
pastiche and traditional jazz. 
The piece develops on two 
simultaneous fronts as an up- 
to-the-minute Berlin cabaret 
and as a traditionally German 

The joins sometimes show, 
particularly in toe plotting. It 
takes no time at all for the giri 
to reach Kreuzberg and fold 
the bird has flown; after which 
Ludwig resorts to some un- 
convincing strategems to keep 
her travelling up and down the 
line. Also, alter the usual 
picture of city types too buried 
in their BUd Zeitungs to have 
any time for a bewildered 
outsider, all the travellers 
become extremely chatty just 
as if they were in a play. 

They become irresistible, 
however, once the journey is 
under way. There are sharply 
angled glimpses of SDP 
supporters, pimps, drunks, 
buskers and the bourgeoisie 
past and present: a quartet of 
old ladies with sentimental 
recollections of the Nazis, and 
a young insurance clerk “liv- 
ing dangerously” with bis 14- 
channel cable television. More 
important is the underworld 
fraternity who come together 

to help toe gjrl in her quesL 
Thanks 10 them, though, she 
has grown up and rejects the 
fairy-tale figure who descends 
in satin in favour of a devoted 
boy she had previously mis- 
taken for a flasher. It is a 
happy ending for her. For the 
others, as someone says, “peo- 
ple are cheated. out of their 
lives by people you never 
meet on the tube”. 

Halfway through a tour that 
reaches London in January, 
the Cheek by Jowl troupe 
arrived at toe Mansion House 
with Declan Donnellan’s pro- 
ductions of Twelfth Night and 
Corneille's The Cid which 
proved an even bigger revela- 
tion than last year’s Andro- 
maque. As before, the ap- 
proach is to acknowledge toe 
impossibility of emulating 
French dasac rhetoric, and to 
go instead for sense and 
structure. Exit the traditional 
crowd of bewigged grandees 
and enter toe 1920s military 
directorate of King Alfonso 
XIII in their trim blue tunics 
and long boots. No postures 
are strode, voices are seldom 
raised: and the text (transla- 
tion by David Bryer) consists 
of barely stressed conversa- 

tional lines, occasionally con- 
tracting into a couplet to end a 
scene or clinch an irony. These 
are believable human beings, 
strongly characterized, ca- 
pable of humour, rapid tonal 
changes and moral contor- 
tions that sting toe audience 
into laughter. 

That is toe main point. The 
Cid is about the Spanish code 
of honour. In standard classi- 
cal practice it serves as a 
springboard into the high 
passions: here it is under 
continuous examination. . 

The focus on a contest 
worked out under stringent 
roles has been sharpened by 
confining it to a central acting 
area across which the com- 
pany dack in boots and high 
heels like self-propelling 
chessmen. Haying style com- 
bines critical detachment with 
full-blooded identification: 
particularly in the case of 
Aden Gillen’s Rodrigo, with 
his brilliant smile and grave- 
yard voice. But toe undoubted 
hero of the evening is Hugh 
Ross's King, a mercurial ly 
ironic arbiter amusedly sur- 
veying the contest from 

At toe Gaiety, the Felting 
Opera had their predictable 
stunning effect, adding to their 
existing reputation for martial 
arts and acrobatics with an 
unsuspected line in delicate 
romantic comedy. See them at 
Sadler's Wells next month. 

scp ciocc'fieds 
□ omtior warehouse Theatre 

The Royal Ballet 

“The never failing fun of 

The Times 

_ Plus ROBBINS’ 

OPUS 19/ 


(UK Premiere) 


Cheshire Homes 
are all about 
caring so many ways. 

founder. Croup Capon 
Leonard Chnhirr. • C.OSLOSO.DFC 

The residents in Leonard Cheshire Homes are very severely 
handicapped men, women and children suffering from a wide range 
of conditions. Sometimes unable to speak, or to move much more 
than a hand or foot 

A Cheshire Home offers them much more than just physical 
care. It gives them the dignity and freedom that is (heir right as 
individuals, the opportunity of friendship, a sense of purpose and a 
chance to participate. 

There are 75 Cheshire Homes in the United Kingdom and a 
further 147 in 45 countries throughout the world. All of them have 
been made possible by the efforts of dedicated volunteers and by 
generous charitable donations. 

We also reach out to elderly and disabled people living in their 
own homes, and to families with a handicapped member who may 
in England provide vital pan-lime help at crucial rimes of the day- 
a lifeline indeed. But many many more services are needed lo plug 
the yawning gaps in stale provision. Only 137% of our income isspent 
on administering this large charity; 

This means that almost all the money we receive goes m 
DIRECT help to those in need. 


To: Hon. Treasurer; Room B, The Leonard Cheshire Foundation, | 
26-29 Maunsel Street, London SW1P2QN. 1 

□ I enclose a donation. 

HU Please send me some information on coven ams/iegacjesT 
Ej Please send me more information. ‘(please delete) 




delete) | 
















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at its 
al Ws 

Berlin Wall walker ‘falls’ to the East 

A US citizen, Mr John Runnings, 68, stages a protest at the division of the city by walking along the top of the wail separating East from West Berlin. After being warned off by border 
guards, Mr Runnings lay down to dutch the w ail- He and a West German companion who bad- followed him were then forcibly taken off by East German guards ami driven away. 

Tory vow 
on home 

Continued from page 1 
almost always been the local 

Now Mr Patten is to deregu- 
late the rented part of the 
shared ownership deal, which 
will give building societies a 
-more attractive rate of return 
but still offer big benefits to 
■ the participants. 

• The Conservatives yes- 
terday began their £350,000 
advertising campaign to co- 
incide with this week's con- 
ference which will be under 
the slogan. A New Way 

Mr Hurd set the tone for the 
week's events when he said 
that the Conservatives would 
be concentrating not on their 
achievements but whai they 
were going to do. 

Mr Tebbit said that the 
proposals that would come 
out this week were not just 
about winning elections; they 
were about what the Conser- 
vatives would do when they 
won the election. 

He said it was a priority to 
bring income tax down to 25 p. 

Storm over Communion 

Runcie inquiry oii women’s service 

By Clifford Lon$ley 
Religious Affairs 

An immediate inquiry as to 
how a woman priest came to 
■celebrate Holy Communion in 
Church House, Westminster, 
on Saturday, was ordered 
yesterday by the Archbishop 
of Canterbury, Dr Robert 

Speaking from Boston, 
Massachusetts, where he was 
preaching at Havard Univer- 
sity, he said he was “dismayed 
by this disregard for the 
clearly understood present 
regulations of the Church of 

A fetter of apology to the 
Queen is expected to be sent 
from the Church of England, 
via the Home Secretary, as the 
room used for the service at 
Church House is raider her 
personal jurisdiction. 

An unrepentant Movement 
for the Ordination of Women 
said there were likely to be 
many more such “private" 
services in the future, because 
of the present ban on women 
priests from abroad admin- 

istering Holy Communion 

The Movement booked a 
room at Church House, the 
headquarters of the General 
Synod of the Church of En- 
gland, for its animal meeting 
and a conference on Saturday. 
The Rev Joyce Bennett, who is 
an ordained priest in the 
Diocese of Hong Kong cur- 
rently attached to St Martin-, 
in -the Fields, London, 
celebrated the Communion 
service according to a modified 

The Rev Joyce Bennett, 
whose service started a row 

Today's events 

Royal engagements 

Tne Princess of Wales opens 
the new Kidney Dialysis Unit at 
the Western General Hospital. 
Crewe Road North, Edinburgh. 

Princess Anne is admitted to 
the Court of the Loriners' 
Company as an Assistant and 
has lunch with the Court at 
Barbers' Hall. Monkwell 
Square. EC2. 12; la ler. accompa- 
nied by Captain Mark Phillips, 
attends a dinner at the Bank of 
England. 7.40. 

The Duke of Gloucester 
opens the Building Services 
Engineering Centre. 222 Balham 
High Road. SWI2. 3pm; and 
later opens an exhibition at the 
Reform Club. Pall Mall, to mark 
the club's sesquicentcnary. 6-30. 

The Duchess of Kent. Patron, 
visits the headquarters of the 
Samaritans. Uxbridge Road. 
Slough. 130. 

Prince and Princess Michael 

of Kent attend the Gala Night of 
the Horse of the Year Show in 
aid of the Variety Club 
Children's Fund and Riding for 
the Disabled at Wembley. 6.45 

Paintings by Rob ■ Fairley; 
exhibition . of miscellaneous 
crafts by the Society of Designer 
Craftsmen: A visual diary of the 
war years by Ian Flemming, The 
Open Eye Gallery. 75 Cumber- 
land Street Edinburgh, 10 to 6, 
Sat 10 to 4 (ends Oct 23). 

Watercolours by Janet Jor- 
dan; Niccol Centre, Brewery 
Court Cirencester, Mon to Fri 
9.30 to 4.30 Sat 10 to 12.30 
(ends Oct 29). 

Photography; Fro me Mu- 
seum Gallery, .1 North Parade. 
Frame. Somerset; Mon to Wed, . 
Fri to Sat 10 to 4.00. 

Paintings, drawings and 
prims by Royal Society of 
British Artists; Falmouth an 
gallery. Municipal Buildings. 
The Moor. Falmouth, Cornwall: 
Mon to Fri 10 to 4.30 (ends 31 


Redial by lan Brown (piano). 
Fermoy Centre. King’s Lynn. 
King Street King’s Lynn, Nor- 
folk; 7.30. 

Canterbury Festival: Soto 
performance by . Hfiline 
Delavault Gulbenkian Theatre, 
Kent University. Canterbury, 


Cognitive profile of children 
with Teaming difficulties: Dr C 
Elliotu The Findlay Society, 
Room B4:4. Hum am lies Build- 
ing IL Manchester University. 


Antique fair. Town Hall. 
BakewelL Derbyshire 10 to 5. 

Community guides 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,169 



I Mendacity in a people can 
lead to estrangement (10). 

9 The queen will accept one 
article, not both (61 

10 Safeguards certain bonds 


11 “Standard" means pro- 
cessed cheese (S). 

12 Sparkling wine? Some prefer 
a still one (4). 

13 Left one sailor mangling 

( 101 . 

15 Delay the blow with Ger- 
man backing (4-3). 

17 A shady character's 
misdemeanour? (7). 

20 Romance had to be different 
for Hector's wife (10). 

21 Revered figure leading a 
double life (4). 

23 To call in a trainee is the 
end! (8). 

25 Date main changes — it’s 
vital (8). 

26 Travellers no longer give 

. him stable employment (6). 

27 Notice a churchman's con- 
trol (10). 


2 The sovereign hugs a cock- 
tail and giggles (6). 

3 Keep fit movement (8). 

4 Work where the bosses were 
real swine (6.4). 

5 Investigate when page is 
grabbed by a little crawler 

(7) . 

6 Close to the side (4). 

7 A person who plays at work 

( 8 ) . . 

8 Offend stranger possibly 
with some craft ( 10). 

12 “Every arrow that flies feels 
the — of earth.". (Long- 
fellow) (10). 

14 Chewing over "Spitting 
Image" (10). 

16 Middle-of-the-road fashion 
to consider (8). 

13 Pointed remarks made 
when getting animals into 
quarters (8). 

19 Applause is of little account, 
right? (7). 

22 Trendy woman and egghead 
arc inseparable (6). 

24 She turned on painter (4). 

The Solution 
of Saturday’s 
Prize Puzzle 
No 17,168 
will appear 
next Saturday 

Concise Crossword page 10 

-p-mk .ire' uurtcimy ra •« 

PHS rdefinina the product he ts to selL 

Two new community hand- 
books are now available to show 
people how they can plan and 
improve their own neighbour- 
hoods. The books are based on 
the community development 
experience of the Town and 
Country Planning Association. 

Both titles. L's Plus Them?: 
How to use the experts to get 
whai people want, and. How io 
start a Community Project 
(information pack), are avail- 
able from Town and Country 
Planning Association. 17 
Carlton House Terrace, 
London. SW I Y 5 AS 

Christmas stamps 

The theme for this year's 
Christmas stamps is traditional 
British customs and legends. 
The stamps, designed by Lynda 
Gray, will be available from 
November IS. 

Special discount packs will be 
available from December 2. 

Christmas mail 

The Post Office has an- 
nounced that the last day for 
overseas surface Christmas mail 
is Friday October 10. 

A leaflet 'Christmas Mai! 
I9S6'. giving details of latest 
recommendra posting dates for 
Christmas by air and surface, is 
now available from post offices. 

The pound 

Austria Sell 

France fir 
Germany Dm 
Greece Or 
Hong Kong 5 
Ireland Ft 
Italy Ua 
Japan Yen 

Bank Bank 

Buys Sails 

234 132 

27.20 20-00 

6255 nc 

2- 06 1-97 

830 10,78 

7.44 BJH 

9.76 &2G 

3- 00 253 

201.00 189.00 

11.50 11.00 

1.10 1j04 

2080.00 196000 

234.00 moo 

Netherlands Gtd SLOT 3-20 

Norway Kr 1105 1tU5 

Portugal Esc 218.00 206JB 

South Africa ftd 400 3.40 

Spain Pta 19600 18600 

Sweden Kr 1030 9.75 

Switzerland fir 343 239 

USAS 1-50 1.43 

Jugoslavia Dnr 75090 65000 

Rates tor small denomination bank notes 
only as suppled by Barclays Bank PIC. 
Different rates apply to travellers 
cheques and other toreip oawney 

RetBaPriee Index; 3850 

London: The FT Index dosed 123 at 

12340 on Friday 

New Yoric The Dow Jonas jjduwnai • 
average dosed down 7.03 at 1.774.18 on 

Our address 

Information tor inclusion tn Tne 
Times information servic e should be 
sent lo: The Editor. I lib. The Times. 
TO Box 7. 1 Virginia street. London. 
El 9XN. 

version of the Church of 
'land Alternative Service 
k Rite- 

The Bishop of Kingston 
npon Thames, the Rt Rev 
Peter Selby, and the Dean of 
Sb Paul's, the Very Rev Alan 
Webster, were the two senior 
churchmen present, and both 
fwi; Communion from Miss 
Bennett as did more than a 
hundred others present 
- Protests yesterday were 
aimed at the; participation of 
these two senior clergymen, 
and at the use of Church 
House itself. Part of the 
premises come under tiie juris- 
diction of the Bishop of 
London, Dr Graham Leonard, 
hot due Bishop Plutridge Hail, 
where die service took place, is 
technically within the pre- 
cincts of Westminster Abbey, 
and therefore, as a Royal 
Peculiar, the Queen's own 

; Buckingham Palace said it 
had no comment to make, 
though it is -believed that the 
Bishop of London has been in 

Mrs Margaret Webster, 
secretary of die Movement for 


the Ordination of Women, 
said yesterday that the inten- 
tion to bold a Communion 
service was not announced nor 
known to the staff at Church 
House in advance. But Mrs 
Margaret Hood, secretary of 
Women .Against the Ordina- 
tion of Women, said the 
holding of such a service 
should have been anticipated. 

Mrs Wood alleged that 
there had been “dozens" of 
irivate services of Holy 
omm union celebrated by 
women priests. 

Mrs Webster confirmed 
this, and said the Movement's 
gnnnal meeting on Saturday 
bad passed a resolution which 
implicitly encouraged more of 
it Parishes sympathetic to the 
Movement were being asked to 
“adopt” a woman priest in 
another part of the Anglican 
Communion, which could lead 
to her being invited to visit it. 
The resolution spoke of mak- 
ing “full use” of her ministry 
mi such a visit, which Mrs 
Webster explained could in- 
clude asking her to celebrate 
Holy Conunnniou. 

on defence 

Continued from page 1 
totally exposed to nuclear 
blackmail, which would mean 
that the Russians would not 
need to fight a war. 

Dr Gilbert said that the 
reason the "wretched 
weapons” were needed was as 
an insurance policy. He did 
noithink anyone would get far 
in trying to persuade the 
British that the ultimate de- 
fence of this country should be 
placed in the hands of the 

• Mr Michael Heseltine. the 
former Secretary - of Slate for 
Defence, said yesterday that 
Labour's unilateralist policy 
would be “politically and 
strategically disastrous" for 
Britain and Nato (Michael 
Evans writes). 

In an interview with The 
Times, he said that Labour's 
intention, if it won the next 
election, to remove all US 
nuclear bases, and dismantle 
Britain's nuclear deterrent 
would have “incalculable 


Natures notes 

■ Most of the remaining swal- 
lows that bred in Britain arc now 
leaving; birds seen later in the 
month will mainly be passage 
migrants from Northern 
Europe. A few blackcaps and 
chiflchaffs will probably stay in 
our ‘southern counties through- 
out the winter. Recently there 
Have been reports of a small 
migianv hawk, the hobby, 
wintering in this country; they 
normally go to Africa. 

A few plants such as field 
thistles and white yarrow are 
stiifi in flower. There are large 
fluffy seedheads on the tall 
hawkweeds. and smaller downy 
heads on the sowthistles. 

. With little wind, leaves are 
piling up. Hornbeam leaves are 
yellow at the edge with green 
centres: some leaves on the 
: black Italian poplars are a dear 
fwaxy yellow. 

Native crab-apples are green 
-.with red streaks; Japanese crab- 
i apples in gardens are scarlet or 
.fellow. There are plenty of 
'8coras lying around; where car- 
rion crows and grey squirrels are 
both feeding on them, a squirrel 
wi/J sometimes run ai a crow 
and drive it away. 


(' Births: Matteo Ricci, Jesuit 
missionary. Maceraia, Italy, 
1552; Nevll Maskelyne, 
astronomer royal, Loudon, 
1732; Thomas Attwood. politcal 
reformer. Halesowen, 
Worcestershire, 1783; Jenny 
Land, singer. Stockholm, 1820. 

■ Deaths: William Tyndale, 
translator of the Bible. VDvorde, 
Belgium, 1536: Charles Stewart 
FukD, Brighton, 1891; Alfred, 
Lord Tennyson, poet laureate, 
IS 50-92, London, 1892 ; George 
da 5 Marnier, caricaturist and 
novelist. London, 1896. ■ 


The Midlands: Ml: Road- 
works between junction 22 and 
23 (A50/A512). Leicestershire: 
contraflow between junctions 28 
and 28 ( A608/A38). northbound 
entry slip at Junction 27* is 
dosed. M5: Various lane do- 
sures in both directions between 
junctions 4 and 8 (A38/M50). 

Wales and West: M4: 
Contraflow between junctions 
16 and 17 (A30I2/A429), and 
between junctions 34 and 
35(A41 19/A473) M5: Inside 
and centre lanes dosed on both 
carriageways between junctions 
II and 12(A40/A38). 

The North: M6: Rebuilding 
work affects both carriageways 
between junctions 32 and 33 
(M55/A6): various lane dosures 
on both carriageways and slip 
roads at junction 37 (A654). 
M1& Contraflow between junc- 
tions 6 and 7 (A614/M62). 
northbound entry and south- 
bound exit slips are closed at 
junction 6. care required. 

Scotland: M8: Bridge work 
between junctions 29 and 30 
(A726/M898). contraflow in op- 
eration. M9; Resurfacing be- 
tween junctions 4 and 5 
(A80J/A905). contraflow in op- 
eration. A74: Contraflow in 
operation at London Road in 
the city of Glasgow, between 
Carmyle Avenue and Mount 
Vernon Avenue. 

Information supplied by AA 

Job creation 

A new scheme, Livewire. has 
been launched to encourage 
young people to create their own 

Entry leaflets for the Livewire 
scheme are available from Ca- 
reers Offices. Job Centres. 
Commumiiy Centres and youth 
organisations, or by post from 
Livewire. Freepost. Newcastle. 

London, East 
E, central N Eng 
sunny intervals 

Tints Portfolio Gold rules are as 

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9 Times Portfolio list eump rt se s a 
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3 -Times portfolio -dividend* will be 
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S if the ‘overall price movement of 
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21 If for any reason The Times 
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How to pt« - Dally Dividend 
On each day your unique set of eight 
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mi the Stack Exchange Prices page. 

In the columns provided ncan to 
your shares note the price change (♦ 
or -j. in pence, as published In lhai 
oay% Tunes. 

Afte r I W ing the price Changes of 
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record your daily 

Add these together to determine 
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u .your total matches me pubtl&hed 
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How to claim 

Te lep hon e TTW Than PonfoHa cUms 
Mae 0254-53212 between in no— aod 
AJsgas, ob Bw Say jwur overall tout 
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Na Malms oan be aeeepad MtukH then 

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dividend claims 

temp 15C (59R. 

Aberdeen, Glasgow, Central 
Highlands, Moray nitii, ME Scot- 
land: Rattier cloudy, rain in places 
later; wind SW becoming S mod- 
erate or fresh; max temp 14C (57F). 

Argyfl, NW Scotland, Northern 
Ireland: Sunny intervals and mainly 
dry at first cloudy with occasional 
tain later; wind SW becoming S 
moderate or fresh; max temp 14C 

Orkney, Shetland: Rather doudy. 
scattered showers, occasional rain 
later; wind W strong becoming SW 
fresh; max tamp 12C ( 54F). 

Outlook for tomorrow and 
Wednesday: mainly dry with sunny 
intervals in the S and E after 
overnight mrst and fog. /More doudy 
in the N with occasional rain or 
drizzle. Near normal temperatures. 

Sunrises: Sunsets: 
709 am 6.28 pm 

Moon lisas: Moon sets; 
10.44 am 7.20 pm 

first quarter October 10 

Lighting-up time 

Loudon fL58 pm to 6.41 am 
Bristol 7.08 pm to &50 am 
Ed inburgh 7 .06 pm to 6.57 am 
Manchester 7.05 pm to a51 am 
7.21 pm to 74)1 am . 


— at midday yesterday, e. 
; f. fain r. ram; s, sun. 

Belfast f 1559 Guernsey c1457 
B’mnghm c1661 Inv ern e ss c ISSB 
Blackpool c1661 Jersey c 1661 
BitsM e 1559 .London tn 1659 
Cardiff c 1559 Mtefaestr c 1661 
(Mnbogli c 1763 H e w cas Be 1 1763 
CEhugow c 1559 I of Man c 1457 

Bond winners 

The winning numbers in the 
weekly draw for Premium Band 
prizes arc: 

£ 1 00.000: 22TN 123953 I the 
winner lives in Maidstone): 
£50.000: 12SK 240817 iGilIing- 
hani): £25.000: 2DT 15281ft 
(London borough of 

1986. Primed by London P<m iPrtni- 
mi Umiisd or i Virginia street. 
London El 9XN anrf by News 
Scotland Ud . 134 Portman Street. 
Kinnlng Park. Glasgow Gdi iej 
M onday. Ocober 6. 1986. RMtstered 
as a newspaper at the Post omce 

Letter from Jarrow 

Heads, but not 


In something of a carnival 
atmosphere, made bngtu 
with trade union nanm-rs. 
balloons, and the music ora 

comprehensive school band, 
sex era! hundred marchers left 
the Tvncside town or Jarrow 
vesierdav for a reenact men l 
br the ’Jarrow Crusade o! 

l9 E?ghl of the survivors of 
the 200 men who made ihe 
original march lo London to 
present a petition to Par- 
liament. demanding empio>- 
meni in the region, were 
given pride of place on the 
platform at the rally, which 
preceded the new march s 

Mr Don Dixon. Jarrow s 
Labour MP. recalls how as a 
seven-vear-old. he ran to the 
top of his back lane to see the 
men marching. "My lather 
told me they were going to 
London in search of work. I 
asked then ’why don't they 
bring the jobs from London 
up here where the men are. 
The same question has still lo 
be asked 50 xears on”. 

The original crusade was 
prompted by the closure of 
Palmer’s shipyard. Palmer’s, 
at Hebbum. just up river 
from Jarrow. is now on care 
and maintenance work only, 
and the prefab shed built by 
British Shipbuilders, is to be 
converted into a gram store. 

“Whv". demanded Mr 
Dixon.’ "don't they use the 
shed to build ships to take the 
grain where it's needed, in- 
stead of keeping it there to 

Mr Sep Robinson, deputy 
leader of South Tyneside 
Council, said that the un- 
employment figures in the 
borough were the worst in 
mainland Britain, and the 
worst for all the 50 years since 
the original crusade. 

“Male unemployment is 32 ' 
per cent, and something has 
got io be done. We arc not 
going to stand for these 
unemployment figures.” 

Mrs Edith Battye. the 
mayor of South Tyneside, 
whose father. Mr John Por- 
ter. was one of the original 
200 crusaders, added her 
blessing to ' the modem 
marchers, and Mr Tom Burii- 
son. northern regional officer 
of the GMB union assured 
them that unlike their prede- 

cessorc they had the;', 

of the TL-C and the-; 


In 1936 both 
officially disapprovstTef; 
crusade, the TUC „ 
warned trades -cdftacUs 
aeainsi giving ifoeniacfe 
hclp . 

The I *>36 cruadi fa* 
oughly enjoyed by those 
took pan. us the sarvrv^ 
recalled yesterday. ^ '-flebievM 
virtual!} nothing ftt 

ing jobs. The- 'cnaaifcg; 
petition was thrown 
Parliament and Mr 
Runciman. President of 
Board of T rade.sakfc, ^Jarro* 
must work out its 

The local MP of the imw 
Miss Ellen Wilkinson, still 

Jarrow had been mufdciaL 
The chairman of yestMtayv 
rally. Councillor Frai^F^ 
president of Jarrow^oask- 
ucncy Labour Party, stidtfw 
now. 50 years later, ft* 4^ 
had been "crucified by the 
Thatcher government" - 

Both verdicts seem g Kale 
premature, since the present 
day marchers' tee-shins pn>- 
claim: "With hope ut oar 
hearts", and a stage show, 
specially written to ac- 
company the anniversary 
crusade, is entitled: "With 
Heads Held High". 

It will be presented at die 
Shaw Theatre in London. fa- 
three weeks next month, after 
the marchers complete then 
290mtlc trek, having bun 
performed first at many ven- 
ues on the road south. 

In 1936 the marchers car- 
ried with them a petitkn 
signed by 12,000 people 
There is no such thing. t& 
time. “The young people 
today are not preputd « 
accept the solutions of & 
Thirties for the problems of 
the Eighties'*, said Mr John 
Edmonds, general sectetny 
of the General Municipal nd 
Boilermakers Union, who 
was principal speaker at te 

The march will makr its 
way to London foUowingas 
closely as possible the 1936 
route.' passing ihroutfi-.23 
towns, and arriving' nt 
London on November fr* 

Robin Young 





A weak ridge of high 
pressure over the UK will 
move £ as troughs of low 
pressure move in to north- 
western districts. 

6 am to midnight 

NOON TODAY Ftwjuiv h *hown in raSH*** WONTS Woti CM ,1 

(SymMo c™ ““ “““ 

', bright or 
: wind 

ght max temp 17C (63F). 

SE. S, SW, central S England, 
Channel Islands, S Wales: Mist or 
fog at first, bright or sunny intervals 
developing inland, mainly dry but a 
little drizzle on coasts; wind SW 
ligbt max temp 16C (61F). . 

N Wales, NW England, Lake 
District, Isle of Man, SW Scotland: 
Rather doudy, a little drizzle on 
coasts; wind SW Baht or moderate; 
max temp 15C (59F). 


Dundee: Mainly dry. bright or sunny 
intervals; wind SW r 

moderate; max 

High Tides 




Mfttont Hawn 

b-Wue iky: bc-blue sky and cloud; c- 
cloudy: oowicasl; i-fog: d-drtzzle: h 
hall: mlsl -iMt r-raln: ft-snow: m- 
Uiundenlonn: p-Uiowm. 

Arrows 5HOW wind direction, wind 
awed imphi dreked. Temperature 







HT Mj 
7.4. 4.16 

116 .IS 

ili & 12s 

5.a e» E ’ 

6-8 ..«4 

5 A 736 

5.1 a sz 

.4.1 Z 13 
55 1132 

7.7 154 
95 134 

5.8 5^ 

08 135 

4 3 ZIP 

73 7 -£ 

SJ 75... w 
14 a« M 

i33 &si g 



u.' -.. 



ii." • 
V* • 

k -■ 

il. • . 


c*. • 

C..' .' 
c>”' - 

fc'. ' 

S'.'. . 
















Around Britain 

I5>r.- - 




*d 1 „. . 

•old :-r— - 

Wh- ■; . 

4 *!- v' 


Sun Rain Max 
hrs n C F 

S cai horo 6.6 

BrltOnsfioa 83 

Croiuor 9.S 

Lowestoft 72. 

Clacton S 2 


Folkestone 92 
Hastings 92 
Ea s Uiounw 9.3 












S wa ns ae 
Teignmoutti 1.0 


Faknouth x 

Penzance 1.6 

Jersey 8.3 

Guernsey 73 

Sctey Isles 
Newquay 02 

IB 61 sunny 

15 59 sunny 
17 63 sunny 

16 61 sunny 

16 61 sunny 

16 61 sunny 

17 63 sunny 

19 66 sunny 
17 63 sunny 

20 68 sunny 
22 72 sunny 

22 72 sunny 

19 66 sunny 

21 70 sunny 

20 68 sunny 
20 68 sunny 

16 Bi sunny 

17 63 sunny 
17 63 bright 

16 61 duff 

17 63 doudy 

17 63 teg 

23 73 sunny 

22 72 sunny 

16 61 tog 
19 66 doudy 

Bfr auwiti e 


CdlWyn Bay 

5 S 


Douglas 7.4 

London 9.4 
BTikb AJrpt 7.0 
Bristol (Ctrl) 5J 
Cardiff (Ctrl) 3.B 
Anglesey 83 
B-pool Akpt x 
Manc h e s ter 106 
Nottingham 6.0 
N’ca-n-Tyns 9JJ 
CariWe 9-fl 

Eskdslemitir 9 J 

Kin toss 


9.4 - 

7.7 - 

43 J n 
1.2 .06 

3.0 - 

4.0 .01 

7.B - 


SL Andrews 631 .09 
Edtabuqjh 8.3 .02 



17 63 doudy 

17 63 aitefljf 

so flaw 

18 6« awv 

Iff- .59 **«# 

19 66 sunny 

18 « “SS 

21 TO axW 

18 W 

22. 72. «t»ny 

Iff 64 sumy. 
ia 6* *«2 
16 61 

19 86- staaV, 
17 W .awW. 

13 fiS SOTKlf- 

19 « *52 
13 SSaff# 

15 59 ■ 

15 53 ■*•*- 

- 18 W WW 


MDOAV: c. doud: 6, ctrijate; f. fair, fg, fag; r. rate; 9, sun; an, ttMMittWpd*; 


















B udreteSt 

Buenoe A 


Cape Tn 

C F 
s 26 79 
s 27 81 
c 25 77 
t 25 77 
S 18 64 
S 26 79 
s 34 93 
s 29 84 
S 24 75 
c 24 75 
s 19 66 
s 13 55 
S 28 82 
C 20 68 
s 25 77 
C 15 59 
8 23 73 
5 17 63 
8 18 64 

I 28 82 
I 19 66 
s 23 73 
c 22 72 
r 12 54 









Hang K 





L Angela 

C F 
t 19 66 
1 11 52 
8 27 81 
c 17 63 
S 24 75 
8 23 73 
s 2 77 
t 18 64 
S 24 75 
8 21 70 
8 25 77 
8 5 41 
f 27 81 
S 22 72 
f 22 72 
8 35 85 
I 20 68 
a 32 90 

3 25 77 
fl 23 73 
a 21 70 
f 20 68 
s 18 64 
f 22 72 

— — » 

Mexico C* 

«l— 1 — 


N York 







C F 

a 27. 81 Rant 
s 27 81 Settbtag 
I 27 81 SPriaco 
f IB 84 

s 32 M Seoul' 
s 25 77 Sng'por 
r 14 57 

r 5 41 StraibTB 

5 20 88 

C 27 81 

a 27 81 TW._ 
f 31 BaTewte* 
r 18 64 Tokyo 
8 23 73 Toronto 
t 7 45 Tunis 
s 20 68 Valencia; 
S 25 77 VaacSer^ 
c 19 66 Vaofaa 
8 13 55 VIsims. . 
r 10 80 Warswt 
a 24 78 WasOTon 
8 2S.77..Warnito~ 
■ 38100 Zorich 

■ denotes Saturday's figures era mast nMH 

CAdin|#ic. vvr k«».v sinvivj* « 

than ’VO the three Rs. or 


He will give nothing on 

Political Editor' " !™iHe"i pfiofte 'ratigrrrwas'n message 

’ yjlltC vuu-r iiiiiw*^i . a-- ■ 

-v- r ■ 

, "■ H„>: 

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Robin V 

7^ : 

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"•! T’Sv-". 

• ' 1 ‘lull. i]|. 

■ ■■ ' <r :r.. rwr 

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v... . 


Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 

stock market 

ICnanoc m ..^ r ^ 

^ i 30 Share 

1234.0 HU) 

FT-SE 100 
1560.8 (-7.8) 


“l M o? ( ^ eam ) 

the pound 

(Change on week) 

US Dollar 

1.4410 (+0.0030) 

WGerman mark 
2.8784 (-0.0645) 

68.2 (-0.5) 

time for 
Extel bid 

By John Bell 
City Editor 

Extel. the publishing and 
news agency group, will be 
taking key decisions in the 
next couple of days over its 
^white knight" role in the 
£145 million bid for 
McCorquodale, the banknote 

The Extel board has been 
examining the possibility of a 
bid in excess of that by the 
original bidder, Norton Opax, 
whose specialized printing op? 
e rations include a s izeab le 
income from lottery tickets. 

But ExtePs plans have been 
complicated by the spoiling 
tactics of Mr Robert MaxweC 
the Daily Mirror publisher, 
who last week builz up a 7J 
per cent shareholding in 
McCorquodale. His intention 
appears to be to prevent a 
merger between 

McCorquodale and its would-, 
be white knight, Extel, in 
which Mr Maxwell holds a 25 
per cent stake. He has not 
denied that be would like to 
own Extel. 

Mr Maxwell's intervention 
has also muddied the waters 
for Norton Opax. Buying from 
Mr Maxwell's brokers has 
ensured that McCorguodak’s 
share price has remained weB 

at which^No^i^^^^y 
buy without triggering off the 
need far afresh, higher offer. 

Extel’ s board will be taking 
account of the fact that Mr 
Maxwell will also be able to 
complicate life should Extel 
launch a counter-offer. 

What might just cramp Mr 
Maxwell's style is an in- 
vestigation by the City Panel 
on Takeovers and Mergers 
into suggestions that he and 
Norton Opax might be acting 
in concert. Such matters are 
notoriously hard to prove, 
though Mr Maxwell himself 
made it easy for the panel in 
another bid battle not so long 
ago when he agreed to acepi an 
offer of a seal on the Demerger 
Corporation board during its 
biller and unsuccessful at- 
tempt to lake over Exlei. 

If the panel finds evidence 
of a concert party between 
Norton Opax and Mr Max- 
well. it could prove a signifi- 
cant factor in determining the 
fate of McCorquodale. For it 
would limit market purchases 
by the two to a combined total 
of 29.9 per cent- Norton Opax 
quickly acquired 1 3 per cent of 
McCorquodale before Extel 
and Mr Maxwell lifted die 
price beyond their buying 
level. Mr MaxwelPs stake lifts 
their combined holding to 
more than 20 per cent. 

Beecham list 

Beecham, the pharmaceuti- 
cals to consumer products 
group, is reaching the final 
stages of the planned sale of its 
home improvements division, 
which includes brands like 
Copydex. UHU and Unibond 


Co News21 

Con ran l2I 
USM Benewil 

For E*ch22 
Money Mlos22 
Share Prices?-* 

Opec and money 
supply test 
Lawson’s resolve 

The Government 
whai could be a testing week 
in financial markets. The fail- 
ure of last week’s meeting of 
the International Monetary 
Fund to agree a co-ordinated 
approach to economic 
management leaves both the 
dollar and sterling exposed. 

So far the Chancellor and 
the Prime Minister have been 
determined to resist higher 
interest cates, although money 
markets were indicating a rise 
of up to 2 per cent for much of 
last week. They have been 
strengthened in this 
determination by their success 
in resisting a similar raid on 
sterling in January. 

Two factors are likely to 
determine whether the Gov- 
ernment can repeat this suc- 
cess and avoid a politically 
embarrassing rise in rates 
during the Conservative Party 
conference beginning 
atBoornemooth tomorrow. 

One is the meeting of the 
Organization of Petroleum 
Exporting Countries, begin- 
ning in Geneva today. The 

By Rodney Lord, Economics Editor 

faces other is the money supply repayments of petroleum rev- 
figures for September, 



Ministers may be calculat- 
ing that the news from Opec 
and on the money supply, 
which in the second case will 
already be known to them, 
win be better than expected If 
so, pressure on interest rates 
could subside far the time 

Opec watchers are hopeful 
that the meeting in .Geneva 
will roll forward the agree- 
ment to limit oil output until 
the end of the year when 
demand win be at its peak. If 
limits can be agreed, the {nice 
will be at least partially under- 
pinned and one of the un- 
certainties surrounding the 
pound will be reduced for the 
time being. 

Growth in the money sup- 
ply is expected in financial 
markets to have been high 
during September. The av- 
erage forecast appears to be a 
rise of at least 3 per cent 

The mam contributor to 
monetary expansion will be 

enue tax to the oil companies 
after the price fall. Accordi . 
to Mr Marie Giffe, chiei 
economist with the stock- 
brokers Cape 1-Cure Myers, 
there could be a rebate of £900 
million compared with pay- 
ments last year of £1.4 billion 
The figures may be com- 
plicated by deposits building 
up in banks ready to pay for 
TSB shares. 

Whatever the September 
figures show, concern over the 
longer term trend in credit 
expansion and the money 
supply is growing In his 
annual speech at the Mansion 
House on Thursday week, the 
Chancellor will be expected to 
offer some interpretation of 
current monetary conditions. 

Mr Giffe said: "The 
chances of the Government 
resisting a rise m interest rates 
have been enhanced by getting 
this far. But there is still a 
feeling of inevitability about a 
rise. The state of the pound 
will condition the size of the 
increase. 1 " Comment, page 13 

Oil ministers in new drive 
for target of $19 a barrel 

Oil ministers from the 13 
Opec countries will today 
renew their efforts to drive the 
work! oil price upwards — a 
move which would increase 
.North Sea tax revenues and 
hetp Britain m its efforts to 
keep down interest rates. 

Most Opec ministers now 
agree that they should be 
aiming at an oil price of $19 a .. 
bane! by the end of this year. 

However, internal disputes 
within Opec could damage 
that prospect. Oil traders are 
predicting thatjmless a new 
agreement em er ge s from the ’ 
Geneva meeting and that it is 
an agreement to which, all 
member countries -adhere 
strictly, the price will languish 
at around SIS a band and, 
possibly, drop towards $10. 

Ministers assembling m Ge- 
neva yesterday were confident 
that the present output agree- 
ment, which runs until the end 
of this month, could be ex- 
tended until die end of the 

Senor Arturo Grisanti, the 
Venezuelan oil minister, said 

JFVom David Yocmg, Geneva 

that an extension of the agrees 
meat “is the very least that 
Opec can da” 

Dr Subroto of Indonesia is 
confident also that the present 
agreement could be extended 
and possibly eased to allow 
output to rise from its present 
16.8 million bands a day to 
17.5 mbd. 

He said: “We have to decide 
on interim measures to follow 
the present output restric- 
tions.- One possibility is to 
stick to the present ceiling, the 
other is to set it slightly higher, 
taking into consideration the 
expected increase in demand 
during the last quarter of this 

However, Opec win have to 
concentrate also on finding a 
way of policing its own 

The present agreement is 
being broken by the United 
Arab Emirates; normally one 
of the half-dozen Opec mem- 
bers which sticks to the- rules. 

It has been over-producing 
during the past six weeks and 
has incurred the wrath of its 

wealthy neighbours, Kuwait 
and Saudi Arabia. 

Although the oil producers 
in the Arab Gulf have the 
lowest oil production costs — 
it costs more there to produce 
a band of fresh water — the 
Arab Emirates have seen their 
oil revenues fall by more than 
half in the past year. 

Sheik Ahmed ZaJri Yamani 
said in Geneva that Saudi 
Arabia was sticking rigidly to 
its quota of 4.35 mbd and the 
other two big Gulf producers, 
Kuwait and Qatar, have been 
obeying the roles. 

The four nations who form 
the Gulf Co-operation Coun- 
cil are likely, to: discuss the 
issue tomorrow. A prelimi- 
nary meeting on Saturday 
night in Geneva ended 
acrimoniously after only an 
hour, with all four oil min- 
isters agreeing not to discuss 
what took place. 

However, Sheik Ali Khalifa, 
the Kuwaiti oil minister, is 
determined that the issue of 
breaching quotas should be on 
the agenda in Geneva.” 

New chief at 
Avis ready 
for flotation 

By Our Industrial Editor 

Avis Europe, formed out of 
the British, European, African 
and Middle East car rental and 
leasing interests of the US- 
based Avis Inc, is getting as its 
new chairman Sir John 
Bremridge, until recently 
financial secretary of the 
Hongkong admhustration- 
Recroitmem of Sir John, 
highly successful as the Hong- 
kong “Chancellor of the 
Exchequer,” is a fresh fillip for 
Avis Europe as it prepares for 
flotation on the London stock 

The flotation, expected to- 
wards the end of this month, 
should raise between £150 
million and £200 million. 

Sir John was formerly chair- 
man of John Swire & Sons, 
one of Hongkong’s most 
powerful conglomerates, and 
until 1980 was chairman of its 
successful Cathay. Pacific Air- 
ways subsidiary. 

He joins a management 
team headed by Mr Alun 
Guhcart who took over as 
managing director in 1983. It 
was Mr Cathcart who extri- 
cated Avis Europe flora prob- 
lems in truck leasing and then 
saw increased profits. 


TODAY - Interims: Alva 
1 n vest men t T rust, Percy 
Billon. CCA Galleries. 
Fonnum & Mason. Hunun| 
Petroleum Services, S Jerome 
& Sons. Midland Marts, 
Medina. Morgan Grenfell. 
John Mowlem, North British 
Canadian Investment CO, 
Riley Leisure, Tumff Crap* 
Finals: Charlie Browns Car 
Part Centres. Close Brothers. 
Firstland Oil and Gas, James 
Halstead. Michael Peters 

TOMORROW - Interims 

\sh Sc Lacy (tended), 

CSowthorpe H°ldin&s. _OTns- 
jes international (dividend), 
"lifford's Dairies. Comcap, 
Ijewden-Stuart Plant Umont 
foldings, London & Bdm- 
• Trust Miles 33, Sears 
;! U lF Silkolene Lubricants, 
'-.viephone Rentals. Rnajf 
iC Holdings, China & East- 

:Te»AV C - Interims: 

►'..ndo- American Investment 
JrET Berkeley Exploration & 

Production, Conrad Holdings. 
Dataserv Inc, Frank G Gates, 
Grampian Holdings, 
Green bank Group, Higgs and 
Hifl, Holt Lloyd International, 
Johnston Group, PSM Inter- 
national, Spirax-Sarco En- 
gineering, C • & W Walker. 
Finals: Aitwoods. Britannia 
Security Group, John 
Maunders Group. Sanderson 
Murray & Elder. TSW-Tele- 
vision South WesL 
THURSDAY - Interims: 
British Syphon. Industry 
Campari International, pruck 
Holdings. James Finlay, 
Monument Oil and Gas. Aus- 
tin Reed Group. Ruberoid, 
Willaire Systems. Finals: Ca- 
nadian Overseas 
Industries, New Central Wit- 
watersrand Areas (dividend), 
Photo-Me International, rav- 
age Group. F W Thorpe. 

FRIDAY - A*"} - 

Laval AB, Arcolectric (Hold- 
ings). Finals: Prestwicb 

Kleinwort to sell £90m 
M&G unit trust stake 

By Alison Eadie 

• The disposal of the 42 per 
cent stake held by the mer- 
chant bank Kleinwort Benson 
in M&G Group, the unit trust 
manager, looks likely to go 
ahead in the next six months 
probably by an issue of shares. 

The stake is valued at 
around £90 million in today's 
stock market, compared-with 
a cost price for Kleinwort 
estimated al £5 million. M&G 
commands a stock market 
value of £212 mil lion. 

Mr David,- Hopkinson, dep- 
uty chairman and managing 
director of M&G who is due to 
retire early next year, said 
yesterday that talks with 
Kfeinwon on the in tended 
sale had been in progress for a 

He said it was a question of 
choosing the best way and the 
best time. It was decided to 
wail until after M&G's year 
end, which has just closed on 
the September 30. M&G and 
Kleinwort were in perfect 

agreement, be said. 

The need for M&G to 
remain independent was para- 
mount,’ Mr Hopkinson said. 
The stake would not be sold to 
one group or individuaL but 
would, he hoped, be spread as 
widely as possible. He in- 
dicated that a share issue to. 
M&G's 500,000 clients would 
be a highly acceptable solu- 
tion. .. . 

About 25 per cent of M&G 
is already quoted on the stock 
market. Although the loss of 
Kleinwort could increase the 
vulnerability of M&G to an 
unwelcome bid, the Esmee 
Fan-bum Charitable Trust’s 
31.7 per cent stake should be 
enough to guarantee the 
group’s continuing indepen- 

The trustees’ prime job was 
to maintain the independence 
of M&G, Mr Hopkinson said 
“The whole success of the 
group depends on us being 
independent,” he added. 

Mr Tony Grimshaw: plans to be market leader (Photograph: Bill Warirarst) 

Vickers set 
to buy 
tank plant 

By Teresa Poole 
Business Conrspondent 
Vickers is expected today to 
announce the completion of 
its purchase of the Royal 
Ordnance tank factory at 
Leeds, paving the way for the 
sale of the rest of the state- 
owned arms manufacturer 
this year. 

With the Leeds deal com- 
pleted, N M: Rothschild, the 
merchant banker, will now 
issue a confidential package of 
financial information to com- 
panies with a genuine interest 
in Royal Ordnance. 

The Government wants a 
buyer for the whole of the rest 
of Royal Ordnance and is 
likely to put constraints on 
any purchaser splitting up the 
company later. A number of 
companies have expressed in- 
terest but British Aerospace is 
emerging as the the candidate 
most favoured by the Royal 
Ordnance management 
Under the original flotation 
plans, which were cancelled by 
the Government at the elev- 
enth hour in July, privatiza- 
tion was expected to raise up 
to £200 million. A private sale 
is likely to bring in consid- 
erably less. 

Vickers has paid £1 1.2 mil- 
lion for the Leeds factory, but 
there will be a further price 
adjustment according to a 
formula based on the £16 
million asset value of the 
business. It plans to invest £14 
million in a new factory at 

Lloyd’s PCW 
fund may rise 

Lloyd’s insurance market's 
central fund to meet deficien- 
cies on former PCW syn- 
dicates looks set to rise from 
£235 million as more 
lossmaking syndicates are in- 
cluded in the PCW net. 

Aviation syndicate S59 may 
be added to those already run 
by AUA3, the agency respon- 
sible for closing down the 
lossmaking PCW syndicates. 
AUA3 is pressing Lloyd's for 
the inclusion of the syndicate 
in any eventual settlement of 
the PCW affair. 

PCW affair, page 20 

Easy energy lies in docks 

By Onr Energy 

Engineers estimate that the 
large expanses of water in the 
former Royal Docks, east 
London, can be used to provide 
as much energy as a large- 

scale power station. 

The energy could be recov- 
ered with heat pomps from the' 
water in the docks and used to 
beat the office and residential 
buddings planned aroond the 
siteas well as meeting, the air- 
conditkming needs of busi- 
nesses using comparer 

Heat extracted from brand- 
ings where air-conditioning is ' that even when the water in the 
a priority could be pumped docks is cOYered.with a tins 

A source of beating and cording — the former Royal Docks 

and heating equipment, is 
readily available. 

Eugraeers from the London 
Electricity' Board have found 

later into other, buildings and 
homes in the area. 

Already, the London Dock- 
lands Development 
Corporation’s office alongside 
the Victoria dock has a water- 
to-water heat pomp system 
which can beat one end of the 
building while simnltaneonsly 
providing cooling air for the 
other end when the son is 
shining on it 

The beat pump _ system, 
standard refrigeration 

layer of ice the latent heat in 
the water at lower depths is 
hi^h enough to provide energy 
which can be compressed and 
nsetf to heat water systems in 
bnflifings and the evaporators 
which provide chilled water. 

Investigations reveal that 
the' water in the docks — the 
largest enclosed docks to have 
been built - is fairly dean and 
that in the summer, beat 
extracted from the proposed 
buildings can be pumped bade 

without significantly altering 
water temperature in the 

The development of heat 
pomp systems drawing energy 
from the docks water does 
away with cooling towers, 
releasing more space for 
commercial development. In 
addition, no fine-venting sys- 
tems are required for boilers, 
obviating the need for false 
calingsto hide piping and 

The corporation is now 
drawing np the legal frame- 
work to give potential devel- 
opers the right to use the water 
iii the docks for beat pump 

Swan National buys 
holiday company 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 
As TSB*s flotation moves it million increase in turnover.” 

towards a new growth phase, 
its car rental subsidiary. Swan 
National, yesterday an- 
nounced its first acquisition 
which will take it into selling 
packaged holidays. 

Swan National is buying for 
an undisclosed sum Stardust 
& Camelot, a specialist in the 
now booming short-break 
holidays which it claims to 
have pioneered 20 years ago 
when it was part of the hotels 
marketing operation at Grand 
Metropolitan group. 

The now separate company 
with its turnover of £6 million 
a year is one of the four biggest 
short-break holiday opera- 
tions, the others being Capital 
Breaks (part of Tnisthouse 
Forte, Britain’s largest hotel 
chain), . High Life (linked to 
Scottish & Newcastle’s Thistle 
Hotels) and Golden RarL the 
British Rail subsidiary. 

Short breaks are the fastest- 
expanding sector in British 
tourism. Last year 38 million 
people went on breaks of 
between one and three days, 
spending £850 million. - 

The market growth is run- 
ning at between 1 5 and 20 per 
cent a year, according to Mr 
Tony Grimshaw, managing 
director of Swan National. 
“We are looking for a 50 per 
cent growth in this product, 
well ahead of the market's 
expansion, and an early £2 


VAT on 

By Onr City Editor 

With just three w eeks to go, 
the Vatman has thrown an 
unexpected spanner into the 
City’s preparations for Big 
Bang. A much awaited ruling 
on how V AT will be applied to 

share dealings has caused 
almost as much confusion os it 
has removed — especially in 
the minds of smaller brokers 
who were planning to con- 
tinue their old-style agency 
business and leave the new- 
found freedom to act as 
market-makers to others. 

When Big Bang was a good 
deal further away than it is 
now. most private client bro- 
kers assumed that principals 
such as jobbers traded without 
benefit of the Vatman’s atten- 
tion. bur agents like them- 
selves were unable to escape. 

At a later stage, it became 
dear that in the brave new de- 
regulated City with principals 
and agents all beneath the 
same corporate roof, deciding 
which transactions would be 
subject to the levy and which 
would not was going to he a 
great deal more complex than 
first thought. 

Until last week, clarification 
was eagerly awaited. It ap- 
peared also to be a long time 
coming, which mans City 
men thought due to the aware- 
ness of the Customs and 
Excise that unless us crucial 
ruling was watertight, millions 
of tax on agency business olall 
sons might disappear beyond 
the taxman's grasp. 

It now appears that anv 
order to buy or sell shares may 
or may not be subject to V AT 
on the commission involved 
according to who carries it 

If a broker passes the busi- 
ness to his own in-house 
market maker, the commis- 
sion involved is not subject to 
VAT. If. however, the broker 
asks another firm’s market 
makers to do the deal, his 
commission will be subject to 
VAT. Alas, firms without 
market makers in-housc. 
appear to be without an 

he said. “Wc intend to re- 
establish it as market leader.” 

Swan National will be 
switching into the new opera- 
tion business worth £500.000 
from the car rental operation’s 
promotion of weekends away 
combining car hire with a low- 
cost hotel stay. 

This was a joint operation 
with Stardust which was 
bought out from Grand 
Metropolitan by its manage- 
ment headed by Mr Robin 
Booker, who is staying with 
Stardust as its managing 

Stardust will operate in- 
dependently of the car hire 
business, selling through 
travel agents. There will be 
brochures in Swan’s 1 00 rental 
locations around Britain but 
bookings will be channelled 
through the local travel agents. 

At the same time Swan is 
offering a new bookings ser- 
vice for hotels through Star- 
dust and will now have the 
facility to issue air and rail 

Mr Freddie Aldous. chair- 
man of Swan National, said: 
“Stardust & Camelot offers us 
products, services and opera- 
tional facilities which com- 
plement our own and enable 
us to continue our programme 
of expansion in the leisure 

Leasing overtaken, page 20 

Bank chief 
sues for libel 

Mr Stuart Tarrant, who 
resigned from the board of 
Standard Chartered Bank last 
July, has started a libel action 
over a Wo// Street Journal 
article dealing with the bank's 
rejection of a £1.3 billion 
takeover bid by Lloyds Bank. 

Mr Tarrant, of Bracknell, 
Berkshire. Standard’s chief fi- 
nance officer for six years, is 
suing Dow Jones publishing 
company (Europe). 

Standard have denied a 
suggestion that Mr Tarrant 
voted against the board's de- 
cision to reject Lloyd’s bid. 
and said his resignation had 
been agreed amicably. 

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New target for the Korean who won over Japan and the US 


From David Watts 

Britain and South Korea 
must work together in busi- 
new and in the exchange of 
technology “whether vou likp 
it or not". 

There is no attempt to dress 
up as false flattery what Mr 
Kim Woo Chong, chairman of 
Daewoo Corporation, consid- 
ers reality. Mr Kim is one of 
the key businessmen who 
have made the South Korean 
economy what it is today 
through grit and a willingness 
to take risks — often at 
government diaat and which 
sometimes make bankers 

Certainly, a. coming to- 
gether of European and South 
Korean business and technol- 
ogy is government writ in 
Seoul but the leader of one of 
South Korea's most successful 
conglomerates is himself con- 
vinced that the marriage of 
European technological exper- 
tise and hard-working, low- 
cost Korean labour is the way 

South Korea is eager to get 
away from its long-standing 
trading and technological 
dependence on the economies 
of Japan and the United States 
while European countries, 
increasing! v faced with the 
prospect of being by-passed by 
the Pacific nm countries 
through low-cost products, 
need a way back into the 
competition with the 

To Mr Kim. co-operation 

Now Kim is 
wooing the 

Kim Woo Chons Europe 
can compete with Japan 

with Europe provides exactly 
that opportunity. 

His policy of strategic alli- 
ances is far-advanced with 
American firms — for exam- 
ple, joint manufacture of S76 
helicopters with Sikorsky and 
cars with General Motors. 

Mr Kim is bullish on 
Europe for other than the 
purely commercial reasons. 
Regular visits have convinced 
him that its problems are not 

as severe as they are often 
presented and that, when the 
time comes, it will pull itself 
up by the bootstraps. 

“Basically, Europe can com- 
pete with Japan if it works as 
bard. When it really comes to 
die crunch they can do ft. 
Maybe the United States has 
more problems than Europe in 
this way.”he said. 

“The problem is basically 
one of the spirit and dedica- 
tion. I find European people 
more dedicated when it comes 
to their owb countries. They 
have pride. It's a matter of 

Chairman Kim's philos- 
ophy is work, work and more 
work. To achieve last year’s 
target of $3 billion (£2.08 
billion) in exports, Daewoo 
simply worked Sundays and 
holidays for the last quarter. 
But the regular work pattern is 
precious little different from 
that. Workers can expect 
nothing more than a long 
weekend as their annual 

From textiles to making one 

of the best IBM-compatible 
persona] computers on the 
American market Daewoo 
leaves scarcely a sector un- 

The Daewoo chairman's 
policy of making Korea's big- 
gest also the best is now 
becoming a reality. Compact 
cars made by Daewoo, a 
version of the Opel Kadett 
will soon be on the American 
market with a Pontiac label. 

Hyundai may be breaking 
into the British, Canadian and 
American markets with the 
cheap Pony. Excel and Stellar, 
but Daewoo is determined to 
earn Korean products a 
reputation not only for econ- 
omy but for quality. 

Mr Kim is so confident of 
achieving this that he expects 
to be putting cars into the 
Japanese market by the 1 990s. 
So far the only Korean cars on 
Japanese roads are a handful 
with the South Korean em- 
bassy in Tokyo. By that date 
also he expects Daewoo to be 
selling 200.000 cars a year in 
the North American market. 

Ail this success does not 
come without rigid discipline 
on the factory floor. The 
military came in to break one 
Daewoo strike, but no-one can 
claim that Mr Kim does not 
lead by example. 

When he is not travelling 
the world seeking export or- , 
ders he is usually in his office 
before most of his employees. 
He lives on his salary, accord- 
ing to Daewoo staff, and still 
has a modest home in Seoul 

The naming of the parts 
in the PCW scandal 

Contract hire overtakes car leasing 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

More vehicles are being 
rented and leased — with cars 
leading the way. Bat reduced 
tax advantages in finance 
leasing are leading to changes 
in the ways commercial ve- 
hicle fleets are operated, with 
finance leasing showing a 
decline and contract hire a 

This emerges from the latest 
survey of the rental and 
leasing market by the British 
Vehicle Rental and Leasing 
Association (BVRLA), which 
shows a 19 per cent boost in 
self-drive rental for cars in 
1985, a 20 J per cent jump in 
contract hire and a rise of 11.6 
per cent in finance leasing, all 
compared with the previous 
12 months. 

But finance leasing of 
commercial vehicles, includ- 
ing the growing army of big 
units with trailers, has 
dropped by 20.4 per cent, 
among BVRLA members, 
white contract hire has risen 
by 15 per cent There was also 

a 12 per cent increase in self- 
drive rental of commercial 

Among light vans, finance 
leasing declined by 8 per cent 
and contract hire rose by 9J 

Most self-drive rental is 
short-term. Contract hire 
shoulders everything for a 
company needing vehicles, 
usually covering foil mainte- 
nance, servicing, renewals of 
batteries and tyres and pro- 
vision of relief vehicles when 

Finance leasing is a simple 
operation with vehicles usu- 
ally sold at the end of an 
agreement The advantages of 
such leasing came under pres- 
sure when Budget chang es 
over the past three years 
reduced capital allowances on 
new equipment from 100 per 
cent to 25 per cent The 
allowances could be set 
against profits by those 
providing the lease capitaL 

Bat the BVRLA analyses 

f?ve only a partial picture of 
what has happened in finance 
leasing. Much of this, with 
buying on hire purchase, is in 
the tends of finance houses 
and merchant banks. 

Returns of their trade bod- 
ies. the Equipment Leasing 
Association and tire Finance 
Houses Association, indicate a 
15 per cent increase in 
commercial vehicle leasing in 
die first quarter of this year. 

Even in the second quarter a 
marginal increase of 2 percent 
was reported but, because foe 
effect of inflation in vehicle 
pricing was not taken into 
account, this showed how 
leasing was mming under 
pressure after capital allow- 
ances fell to the 25 per emit 
level in ApriL 

Some in leasing estimate 
that business may have fallen 
by 30 per emit or more after 
the changes in allowances, but 
there is a widespread belief in 
this sector that the core of the 
business will now remain 

intact Profit, margins have 
come down ami it is 
leasing now compares with 
bank finance. 

ELA points to research 
work at Bath University 
which has shown that tax 
allowances have not necessar- 
ily been a dominant factor in 
equipment leasing derisions. 

Bat Mr Terry Nunn, chair- 
man of BVRLA 's commercial 
vehicle committee, pointed 
out that leased equipment 
next year will also have to be 
shown on balance sheets as a 

rhar ge. T hk malm a wwijqny 

look more highly geared. 

The growth in car rental tins 
year was held back for a time 
by the fall-off in arrivals of 
American tourists and busi- 
ness travellers, hot they have 
returned, according to Mr 
Tony Grimstew, manag in g 
director of Swan National 
Rentals, one of the top half- 
dozen car renters. He pots 
1986 growth at 12 per cent in 
car rental. 


... 0 / CCC CU U n T i i N r hi ccccu 1 1 
• I LL JJCD nu i u i ic * * / L c 3 J c J I I 

World’s first wristwatdi 
visual pager 

The legacy of the PCW affair, 
i he largest and most com- 
plicated of the scandals to 
have rocked Lloyd's. stiD 
hangs like a dark cloud over 
the insurance market. Efforts 
to move into the bright future 
of enlightened self-regulation, 
ushered in by the 1982 
Lloyd's Act, will be in vain 
unless PCW is laid to rest. 

The stark question now 
feeing Lloyd's is whether the 
mess is capable of being 
resolved by a compromise 
acceptable to enough people 
in the market to make it 

If not, the 400 hardest hit 
names on former PCW syn- 
dicates are ready to launch a 
wide-ranging law suit, both 
here an a in America, citing 
40 defendants including 
Uoyds's brokers Minet Hold- 
ings, Sedgwick and Alexander 
Howden, accountants Arthur 
Young and Lloyd's itself 
Legal action could drag on 
for years - some say seven to 
10 years - and could do 
irreparable harm to Uoyd's 
business interests worldwide. 
It was the realization that 
names had reasonable 
grounds for complaint that 
persuaded the insurance mar- 
ket last December — or more 
particurty its chairman. Mr 
Peter Miller — to turn to the 
idea of a market-wide 

The PCW affair stemmed 
from the misappropriation of 
£39 million of names' money 
by the founders of the PCW 
underwriting agency, Mr Pe- 
ter Cameron-Webb and Mr 
Peter Dixon. The milking of 
the syndicates lasted from 
1968 until 1982 when the 
scandal broke on the insur- 
ance market and foe two 
founders quietly removed 
themselves from the country. 

At first the problem ap- 
peared fairly straightforward. 
The brokers most directly 
involved - Minet through its 
ownership of foe PCW under- 
writing agency and Alexander 
Howden through whose com- 
panies the money was di- 
verted overseas — agreed to 
pay back the names their lost 
money. An offer of £38 
million was made in June 
1984 and accepted, after 
some reluctance, by most of 
the 1.500 PCW names, 
i Much of the reluctance 
centred on the lack of interest 
paid on the money — es- 
timated . by the 
accouotantancy firm of Price 
Waterhouse at £40 million — 
and on the legal waiver 

For the Receptor, the worlds first 
personal watch comm md cation 
terminal, only Plessey bad the 
bipolar technology to design aO 
the radio requirements on a 
single integrated circuit. 

The Receptor is being deve- 
loped by AT&E Labaratoriesof 
Oregon. USA. It will receive 
messages anywhere in the 
world where the Receptor 
service is provided. 

Extremely sophisticated 
electronics receive, detect 
decode and display messages 
transmitted on FM frequen- 
cies. A full alphanumeric 
display can show messages 
such as ‘Call home* or ‘Call 


By using a synchronous adjust- 
able time slot, data contained in 
the local transmission will keep 
the displayed time extremely 
accurate, and automatically 
correct it across time zones. 

Messages to the Receptor 
wearer will be telephoned loan 
operator who then transmits 
them to the appropriate FM 
radio station. The station then 
broadcasts the information on 
an FM sub-channel signal to the 
watch, which is equipped with a 
wrist-band antenna. 

The transmission triggers a 
signal on the watch to tell the 
wearerthata message is waiting 









fibre system 
sales in 
the USA 

Stromberg-Carison. the Plessey 
subsidiary in die USA, has made 
the lost safes of its System 140 
transmission equipment to tele- 
phone companies in Virginia and 

In Virginia, a Stromberg- 
Carison 140 megabits per 
second lightwave link will 
provideContinental Telephone 
Company with a 12-mile fibre 
optic transmission route be- 
tween Haymarket and Areola. 

For Continental Telephone 
Company of Iowa, two systems 
will provide fibre optic trans- 
mission routes from Chariton 
to Promise City and Promise 
City to Centerville, a distance 
totalling 43 miles. 

Talks on loans for 
small businesses 

to be displayed when he presses 
a button. 

AT&E chose Plessey to 
supply the Receptor's integrat- 
ed circuits because of their 
systems expertise, design skills 
and process technology. 

Because of the size restric- 
tions of the Receptor system 
and the performance required, 
highly specialised help was 
made available by the Plessey 
Electronics Systems Research 
Group at Roke Manoc who 
hold numerous patents in radio 


Plessey has won a multi -million pound contract from the Ministry 
of Defence to manage Britain's largest environmental test facility. 

By Our Industrial Editor 

Mr David Trippier. min- 
ister for small business at the 
Department of Employment, 
is plamiing a whistle-stop tour 
of Britain to talk to bank 
managers at the grass-roots 
level to persuade them to 
adopt a more sympathetic 
approach to young businesses 
needing loans. 

It will take him to about 24 
regional meetings in the next 
12 months. More will follow 
to cover the entire country. 

Each will be a seminar on 
the various forms of bank 
financing for small businesses 
but the main focus is expected 
to be the revamped govern- 
ment Loan Guarantee Scheme 

LGS interest rates are now 
lower after changes in the last 
Budget Loans under the 
scheme have been running at 
just over 100 a month in the 
four months to the end of 
August more than doubling 
the average rate seen is the 
year to March. But the 
Government's target is 400 a 

Mr Trippier said: “Just as I 
think it is important to talk as 
I have done to the chairmen of 
the banks and enlist their 
support for the LGS, it i$ 
equally vital for me to talk to 
the branch managers at re- 
gional or sub-regional level. 

“Rightly or wrongly the 

David Trippier support vital 

perception of the local bank 
manager by the small 
businessman or woman is that 
he is out of touch with with 
their requirements.- 
. Mr Trippier says he is nm 
expecting bank managers, who 
carry 30 per cent of the LGS 
loan risk, to throw loans at Just 
anybody. It was vitaL he said, 
that a anal! company has a 
clear business plan and the 
support when applying for a 
loan of either its accountant, a 
local enterprise agency direc- 
tor or a Small Finns Service 

The first of the seminars, to 
which small films’ advisers 
such as accountants will also 
be invited, will be at Reading 
on October 30. Others will 
follow at Cardiff on Novem- 
ber 26 and Nottingham on 

The new Lloyd’s — where 
msanuace is written 
names had to sign before 
accepting the money, giving 
up their rights against Minet 
and Howden. Names now 
consider that waiver can 
legally be set aside. 

The compensation offer 
probably would have buried 
the PCW affair had not the 
underwriting losses on the 
syndicates started to rise 
alarmingly. In May last year 
the management of the syn- 
dicates announced an es- 
timated deficit of £130 
million compared with break 
even, after including the offer 
money, the previous year. ‘ 

The present deficit, or es- 
timate of expected future 
claims, is a gross £380 million 
or a net £235 million after 
taking account of existing 
cash and potential reinsur- 
ance recoveries. 

The figure on which 
Lloyd's is trying to construct 
a settlement is a discounted 
£135 minion. If enough par- 
ties can be persuaded to pay 
up to create a pot of £135 
million cash, the interest 
earned through foe years 
should be enough to pay long 
term claims of £235 million. 

Hardliners at Lloyd’s argue 
that the PCW names have 
been compensated for the 
money lost by fraud. All 
further losses are the result of 
poor underwriting judgement 
by foe syndicates’ former 
managers, particularly in 
writing so much American 
liability business, and foe 

names are liable for the Iol 
PCW names, however, 
have bees busy refilling then- 
case and uncovering new 
evidence. The draft state- 
ment of daim drawn up by 
lawyers acting for a steering 
committee of names last 
December concentrated on 
the- maimer hr 'which the 
money disappeared offshore 
through quota share reinsur- 
ance contracts. 

The thrust in the new claim 
being drawn up now will be 
that the whole trading pattern 
of the PCW syndicates from 
1968 to J 982 was rotten. The 
transferrring of money from 
one syndicate to another, the 
use of aggregate reinsurances 

for all the syndicates and foe 
manipulation of money to 
distort syndicate results add 
up to a raise trading pattern 
Names joined in their 
droves in the 1970’s, because 
the PCW syndicates were 
among the largest, most pres- 
tigious and most profitable at 
Lloyd’s. Lawyers will argue 
now that foe agency was 
trading on a false prospectus. 

In the last few months 
painstaking work done by 
AUA3, the agency appointed 
by Lloyd’s in May lak year as 
receiver to the PCW syn- 
dicates, has revealed a delib- 
erate pattern of deceit by Mr 
Cameron-Webb and Mr 
Dixon. If one syndicate 
showed a loss, money was 
switched from another to 
camouflage it The inference 
is that all declared results on 
all past years are suspect 
The balloon went up in 
1982. Since then a proper 
assessment of the poor qual- 
ity of the underwriting book 
and foe lack of adequate 
reinsurances, worsened by 
the undoing of reinsurances 
to pay the 1984 compensa- 
tion offer, have emetged. 

The widening scope of foe 
PCW affair has become 
apparent also. The number of 
syndicates in AUA3’s net has 
increased with the addition in 
the summer of syndicate 970, 
previously nm by Gardner 
Mountain & Capd-Cure 
Agencies, and foe possible 
addition of aviation syn- * 
dicate 859 because of its 
yawning losses and shared 
reinsurances with PCW, 

The position of 859 is 
further complicated by foe 
conflict of interest arising 
from Minet owning the syn- 
dicate and Minet being one of 
the main defendants in the 
names' writ. 

Lloyd’s cannot hop e to 
bring all parties w an agree- 
ment until all syndicat es that 
might be involved are drawn 
into the net. 

A further earmarking of the 
central fund could well stir 
more controversy than it 
already has in the market. 
Although the measure is due 
to run only until June 30 next 
year, some Lloyd's members 
believe the fact of the 
earmarking has conceded the 
principle of a market rescue. 

If PCW names refuse to 
pay their losses and a settle- 
ment is not reached, the < 
central fund will be obliged to 
pay c laim s on PCW policies 
running at around £10 mil- 
lion a year. 

Lloyd's has always main- 
tained that names must pay a 
“substantiaT proportion of 
their losses. 

Spicer & Pegler, the 
accountants acting for AUA3, 
hope by the middle of next 
month to produce a break- 
down of bow losses divide 
between individual names. 
Some names will be willing 
and able to pay, some will 

Whatever the breakdown, 
the names' lawyers will chal- 
lenge the allocation as invalid 
because of foe past account- 
ing muddle. They will chal- 
lenge also any attempt to 
dmerentiaie between losses 
caused by fraud and losses 
caused by bad underwriting. 

Lloyd's is still aiming for a 
settlement by the end of the 
year. If it fails, the prospect of 
prolonged litigation looms. 

The most worrying aspect 
for Uoyd’s is the prospect of a 
lawsuit m the United States. 
There are remedies available 
to names through American 
courts that are not available 
in Britain. 

The spectre of using RICO 
— the Racketeer Influenced 
and Corrupt Organisations 
legislation — has been raised 
by the names' lawyers, al- 
though it sent Uoyd's into 
such a frenzy of fury that it 
has been shelved. 

There appears to be a 
genuine will mi the part of 
Lloyd’s and the names to find 
a workable solution. Many 
PCW names wish to continue 
underwriting at the insurance 
market and have oa desire for 
a fight to the death. The 
actual mechanics of such a 
settlement, however, are 
proving difficult to hamme r 


Alison Eadie 

10% of your tune 
over 18 months. 

The only executive programme 
designed to meet the real pressures 
of running your own shore 

tfyou are the director ofamedwn sized company or rui a 
business unit as part of a larger organisatjon, you wffl knowonly too 
well the difficulties of geffingtime awayfromthe management 

Ncrtwilyforholklaysand recreation, but for adefingto the 
skfflsyou require to operate more effectively The pressures onyou 
are unique. % 

The Continue Progamme Is parficufarfystmcluredtocater 
for your needs. Spit into three twoweekmodules over 18 months, 
itisdesi@ied toexptorethespetial reqLwernerts of the medium 
sized unit RarSdpante wffl have theopporturity to devefopa 
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strategic issuesfeced by such organisations. 

Candidatesfromboth the private and pttfc sectors wfi find 
the programmea practical and stimuiatingexperience. 

The ConUnuIng^G^amme. 

Module 1:23 February to 6 March 1982 Ma£ie2: 5 October 
to 15 October 19SZ Module 3: 13 June to 24 June 1988. 

The k% residential cost for 6 weeks isfB^SO 
Enquiries taThe Registry LorraineJobns 

Pleases^ me further det^ on The Continuing Pr ogram me. 


Under a five-year contract, step forward in this programme 
Plessey Assessment Services, so fan 
Europe* premier independent ^ Foulness centre, princi- 

test house, will operate the . pa j| V involved in the testing of 
Environmental Test Centre at munitions, occupies over 150 

British Rail adds more 
passenger information 

Environmental Test Centre at 
Foulness in Essex for the MoD. 

The contract is the latest 
move in u series which began 
two years ago. when the MoD 
initiated a contractorisation 
programme for much of the 
work of its six Proofand Experi- 
mental Establishments and the 
Foulness Environmental Test 

Plessey management of 
Foulness is the most substani ial 


The height of high technology. 

PUSH J ' Fin*. . nCvl aft! ftjir- , 

acres, with more than seventy 
buildings containing a com- 
plete range of climaticand dyn- 
amic mechanical test facilities. 

It is expected that some 
thirty new jobs will be created at 
Foulness and at Titchfield, 
where Plessey Assessment 
Services has its headquarters. 

Plessey AssessmentServices 
recently successfully com- 
pleted a contract to supply 
expertise for a new environ- 
mental test facility forthe Royal 
Ordnance Explosives Division 
at Bishopton. Renfrew shire. 

Within a year Plessev 
secured full NATLAS accredi- 
tation. and commissioned and 
established all operational 

Salomon Inc 


&ik>mofi Brothers Inter na tional Limited 

Victoria Plaza. LU Buckingham Palace Road. London. SW1W 0SB 








721-3566 MORTGAGE FINANCE 721-3808 

tuIStb NON-D OLLAR SALES , 321-3145 
SETTLEMENTS:. 1 t >721-3015 
721-3282 SYNDICATE:. . 

721-3110 . FIXED INCOME. ■ ■ ,721.-3625 

721-3145- EQUITY'.;.. .721-2500 

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Quality fashion makers are 

auk ijsHop . 

tSmra^ ,ly WOmei, *s dotting 2.- lhe bu «Dess, When 
com James, made their debut Se,JTlc L ° un *** token over Iasi 
on the markei this snmmS - Vear b>‘ Mns Jennifer cTAbo’s 
fj|nk Usher, quoted m t£ “ m ^y,Sionngani.thefain- 

{i s *£ *nnounc^°its fai, 5,? jj> organized a management. 
°r figures this w&k 'J5i buyout and has subsequently 


iV *;&“»» in is week anrf % T- X ' € V “" u jua »uracquenuy 
Jfmdsmoor, quoted on the p a ^ 40 ^ 0:01 of the 
B«S Board, vhll repoS £ <*« on the markeL 

this month. 



With the parent company 
removed — the group lad a 
flat profits profile up to 1984 

management is set to 
expand. The product range is 
being developed from the core 
business of cocktail party 
*esses and special-occasion 

"Sa, ■*» "W- ff 

• 942. Both serve a dresses ^ S P 

of the markeL aSim f.B? 10 htclude evening wear 

c, ofli«. and 1 their 
®°°ds are often found in the 
same siores. Their history has, 
km very difK 
and the overlap on the prod- 
uct range is more limited than 
it might first appear. 

_ Fra _?*S Usher has been 
?Q?i ed Sefiocourt since 
j? bl - although the original 
taimly management continues 

en t has been 
^ached between Aran Enerev 

SSp* 1100 (a suhwdiarj'^Sr 

Aran Energy). Berkeley Explora- 
S^on and North 
Genera! Oil Operations 

°, T Sonh ^ and 
General Oil Investments) (or 

JSn. M ® of ^ ! l P n « of 20 per 
cent id British petroleum 
production licence P45S 

£ , y l 5S risin8 hlocks 49/5 and 
*f/30) to Bf UK. Sf is also 
acquinng a further 5 per can 
If * ere ®,I™ rn Ultramar Ejrplora- 
Jfi to pay $2.6 million 
OKS million) rach to Aran and 
Bwkel^mid Sl.73 million to 

MENT FUND: Net earnings for 
the seven months to July 31 last, 
^1^4 850 (£175.092 for the year 
*7§5)- Earnings per share 3.51p 

•NORTH kalgurli 
MINES: Net operating profits, 
after u«. for the year to June 1 7, 
A usS6.98 million (£3.07 mil- 
lion). against AusS5.43 million. 
Total dividend 4 cents (nil). 

a younger market, day 
wear, and clothes for die 
larger-sized woman. If the new 
labels are successfully estab- 
lished. the' company has the 
potential to enjoy substantial 
growth over the next few 

In the meantime, the in- 
terim results, announced 
week, showed turnover up by 
40 per cent lo £4.8 minion. 

and a 55 per cent rise in pretax 
profits to £694.000. Trading in 
the second half is going well 
.and the company could make 
£1-4 million for "the full year, 
giving earnings per share of 
I2.7p and a p/e -raiia of eight 

Windsmoor is still run by 
the founding family, and has 
enjoyed an excellent record 
over the past decade. Its 
product range is high-quality 
women’s outer wear. The 
company differs most mark- 
edly from Frank Usher in that, 
m addition to designing and 
manufacturing clothes, it also 
retails through “shops within 
shops” in leading department 

In J979 the company 
started the Planet label, aimed 
at lhe career-oriented pro- 
fessional aged between 25 and. 
45 years - some three years 
before Next moved into this 
markeL The move bas been 
very successful and by open- 
ing new shops to satisfy 

demand .Planet will generate 
further profits growth in the 
coming years. 

The Wind&moor label, 
aimed at the over-35 market, 
has also undergone a renais- 
sance in recent years with 
greater emphasis being placed 
on fashion and design, thereby 
enhancing sales. 

The company made £L8 
million pretax profits in the 
year to January 1986. giving 
earnings per share of 8p. At 
the time of the flotation this 
summer, no profit forecast 
was made, so the interim, due 
at the end of this month, will 
be the first indication of the 
progress in this financial year. 

Both shares represent wel- 
come quality additions to the 
small company clothing sector 
and are attractive invest- 

Isabel Uns worth 

The author is a member of the 
smaller companies unit at 
Phillips £ Drew. 


SERVICES: The gro up has 
bought 65.44 per cent ofSorieie 
Anonyme FleuryviJ for 
£443,000 cash. Flemyvil. which 

from the group's Paris 
is an investment and 
property company. 

ip has bought SO per cent of 

. wplay for 125.000 ordinary 
shares. Showplay is a new 
company and will operate in the 
area of events — including 
exhibitions and conferences, etc. 
The vendor will continue to 
own the remaining 50 percent 
and wD] manay the business. 

Estate — which recently made an 
offer for the Gilbert shares not 
already owned by ft — reports 
that it and other big sharehold- 
ers have received an approach 
which may result in an alter- 
native offer for Gilbert. 
Shareholders are ad vised to take 
no action at present and a 
further announcement will be 
made as soon as possible. 

The company has acquired 
Whitcol Precision Engineering, 
located in Sandhurst, Berkshire. 
The initial consideration is 
£555,000, with an additional 
maximum deferred element of 
£ 100 , 000 , depending on profits. 

NATIONAL: Mr Joseph 
Palmer, the chairman, told the 
annual meeting that manage- 
ment accounts for the first 
quarter of the current year 
showed a profit considerably 
above budget and in excess of 
last year’s at the same stage. 
Dale Electric and the Thai- 
based subsidiary, the only two 
loss-makers last year, are now in 

• HAMBROS PLO Cunning- 
ham, Hart (Harnbros’s 75 per 
ceni-owned loss-adjusting off- 
.shoot) has acquired G raham 
Miller SibtUa. a loss-adjusting 
company. This will increase the 
number of offices in the 
Cunningham group from 28 to 
43 and will give it national 

pany reports a ID per cent 
growth in tbird-qnarter earnings 
and an increase in cash of 
CanS2 15.000, bringing total 
cash reserves to CanS?63,000 
(£384.000). Net income for the 
quarter was CanS 137,000 
(CanS 124,000) on revenues of 
CanS223.000 (CanS 249.000). 

CORP: The corporation's 
Jerrold Division bas been se- 
lected to supply subscriber cable 
television equipment to 
Sammons Communications of 
Dallas, Texas. The potential 
value of the contract is about 
$15 million (£10.4 minion). 

First half of 1986. No dividend 
(same). Turnover £1.13 million 
(£1.45 million). Pretax loss 
£347.000 (£132.000 loss). Loss 
per share 1.0p(0.4p). 

NATIONAL: Gross revenue 
$907,014 (£629.000). against 
$739,135, for the six months to 
Aug. 27. 


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08 04 .. 

UK venture 
rises 42% 

By Derek Hams 
Industrial Editor 

Britain, leader in the Euro- 
pean Economic Community 
in developing the risk capital 
market, had a 42 per cent 
increase in money raised for 
venture capital projects fast 

Altogether. £1.24 billion 
was available for investment, 
compared with £$80 million 
in 1984, according to a survey 
carried out for the European 
Venture Capital Association 
by Peat Marwick Mitchell 
Britain raised 41 per cent of 
EEC risk capital fluids. Actual 
investment by venture capital 
funds in Britain during 1985 
rose from £154.2 million in 

1984 to £2217 million. 

The increase in available 

cash in Britain outpaced 
growth in the EEC, where 
there was a 38 per cent rise in 

1985 over the previous year. 
Dr Neil Cross, chairman of 

the EVCA. said: “It indicates a 
healthy future for the British 
venture capital industry.” 

But the survey underlines 
the problems of the industry 
in Britain. Funds are unevenly 
distributed, with more than 60 
per cent of investments last 
year going to London and the 

Small and seedcom or start- 
up projects, mostly involving 
investments of less than 
£250,000, are still being 
starved of resources. In 1984, 
seedcom financing accounted 
for only 3.8 per cent of 
investments, dropping to 1.4 
per cent last year. 

"Surrey on Venture Capital 
in the European Community. 
£45 from Mr John Hustler. 
Peat Marwick Mitchell 1 
Puddle Dock, Blackfriars, 
London EC4V 3PD. 

HK Electric 
buys Cheung 
Kong Realty 

Hong Kong (AP-Dow 
Jones) - Hong Kong Electric 
(Holdings) has agreed to pav 
HKS1.03 billion (£91.5 mil- 
lion) for Cheung Kong Realty, 
a subsidiary of Cheung Kong 

The transaction will transfer 
ownership of Hong Kong’s 
792-room Hilton hotel, the 
biggest asset of Cheung Kong 
Realty, from one company 
controlled by Cheung Kong's 
chairman, Mr U Ka-Shing, to 
another, also in his domain. In 
the process, Cheung Kong will 
clear about HKS780 million 
in extraordinary profit 

Hrihg - Koii^ - Etectric’ wiii 
issue 103 million new shares 
at HKS10 a share. Hutchison 
Whampoa, the controlling 
shareholder of Hong Kong 
Electric and itself a 36.6 per 
cent associate of Cheung Kong 
(Holdings), will take 28 mil- 
lion of the new shares. 


High cost of keeping 
sterling afloat 

The next three days in the foreign 
exchange markets, in advance of the 
Chancellor's scheduled speech to the 
Conservative Party conference, could 
prove, to say the least, quite interest- 
ing. Last week, the Bank of England 
made it dear it was supporting the 
pound, with the public help of the 
Bundesbank. But its efforts were more 
dogged than dramatic, leaving the 
Bank simply refusing the rise in 
interest rates signalled in the money 
markets. The ingrained culture of a 
free market in the currency leads to 
intervention being presented in such a 
low key that it is barely distinguish- 
able from smoothing operations to 
moderate the pace of change. 

This week, the dealers will have 
both Opec corridor diplomacy and 
unusually meaningless money supply 
figures to chew on. The latter are 
advertised as better than expected, 
thanks possibly to the recherche 
concept that supporting sterling can 
reduce the money supply when 
pounds bought by the Bank are 
deemed to have been cancelled. 

Far more important than these 
semi-real events, however, will be the 
reaction of the dealers to Nigel 
Lawson's determination to avoid a 
rise in interest rates. That resolve will 
be tested. If it is backed by a strong, 
immediate and overt presence in the 
market by the Bank of England and its 
allies, it should be rewarded. Over a 
period, markets turning over more 
than $200 billion a day overwhelm 
central bank reserves. 

In the short run, dealers cringe 
before concerted international central 
bank action. They have to think 
whether a sterling movement has run 
its course or it just suits Mr Lawson 
and the Bundesbank to say so. 

Respectable City analysts, such as 
James Capel, are now looking for the 
pound to fall to DM2.75. or 65 on the 
sterling index, for industry to recover 
sufficient competitiveness to out- 
weigh the trade effects of the halving 
of oil prices. But only a month ago. 
DM2.9 by the year-end was a more 
popular target That was passed last 
week so there is scope to persuade the 
market that enough is enough. 

Allowing for this year's oil price 
changes alone, sterling has fallen far 
enough. The conventional calculation 
is that a 10 per cent change in oil 
prices should lead to a 3 per cent 
adjustment in sterling. That has now 
been completed on the sterling index 
and comfortably overshot on the 
sterling-mark rate — more significant 
when the dollar has fallen sharply. . 

The trouble is that, in both direc- 
tions, sterling does tend to overshoot 
its sustainable level, especially when 
compared with currencies integrated 
into the European Monetary System. 
This has had a malign effect over the 
long retreat of sterling since it scaled 

the peaks in 1981 under the dual 
influence of oil prices and tight money 
policies. Interest rates have been 
jacked up each time a currency 
adjustment has turned into a run. 

The process has been even more 
marked since the money supply was 
progressively demoted as an official 
measure of monetary conditions in 
favour of the exchange rate. Each 
downward surge in sterling has been 
initially discounted by the Treasury. 
That is received as a lack of serious- 
ness about monetary conditions, leav- 
ing us in the end with both a groggy 
currency and higher interest rates. 

This ratchet effect {plus the mea- 
sured rise in earnings in industry) has 
left British interest rates stranded at a 
high level when the international 
downtrend in interest rates is begin- 
ning to peter out. No wonder Mr 
Lawson is keen to avoid another big 
rise this time, regardless of the 
political season. But that is no 
different from the last time. 

This is the enduring case for Britain 
to seek protection within the exchange 
rate mechanism of the European 
Moneiary System, instead of inter- 
mittently shadowing the mark in an 
unofficial way. The theoretical ease 
against the system is that currency 
alignments are underplayed and allow 
devaluing countries not to adjust their 
domestic economies as fully as they 
might. In Britain's case, however, this 
would undoubtedly be better than the 
repeated overshooting which has 
proved so costly. 

So long as leading countries main- 
tain that they have no exchange rate 
policy, they will not care about the 
convergence of economic policies that 
might otherwise stabilize exchange 
rates. So any stability between the 
main trading blocs is accidental. The 
EMS is a mechanism for relative 
stability within a trading bloc. Asian 
countries such as Hong Kong, which 
have aligned their currencies with the 
United States, their main trading 
partner, provide another example. In 
each case, the evidence suggests this 
makes for greater domestic discipline, 
faster economic adjustments and, 
most important from Britain's point 
of view, more credibility for the 
exchange rate itself, thanks to auto- 
matic intervention with the help of 
Europe's reserves. 

Mrs Thatcher prefers to maintain 
the three options of allowing the 
exchange rate to take the strain, 
moving interest rates or intervening 
with domestic reserves. The latest 
sterling affair, suggests these options 
are in practice largely illusory. 

Graham Searjeant 

Financial Editor 

-3 108 M 76 



Japan Air Lines is the only airline 
to bring Tokyo even closer to London. 

In fact by operating non-stop 
flights from London to Tokyo, we 
offer the fastest route to Japan from 
the UK. 

The flights leave Heathrow at 
1920 every Tuesday, arriving in Tokyo, 
on Wednesday at 1455 saving almost 
6 hours on normal flight times. 

On all other days we offer one- 
stop flights from Heathrow to Tokyo 
via Anchorage, including two on 

. And from Paris we have evening 
non-stop flights on Saturdays and 
Sundays as well as Thursdays during 

So when it comes to flying east 
with us, one thing's for sure. We're 
way ahead of anyone else. 


Everything you expect and more. 




























Be thankful we are not in EMS 

IJ® Tew weeks have 
““istrated perfectly how 
fortunate it is that Britain is 
not a member of the exchange 
rate mechanism within the 
European Monetary System 
(EMS). This sentiment may 
oe regarded in many eco- 
nomic circles as the equiva- 
lent of shouting “Liar" in the 
middle of the sermon since 
the EMS is widely seen as a 
; "good thing". 

For many countries it 
probably is. Britain, however, 
would suffer some very seri- 
ous problems on EMS entry 
which the current head of 
enthusiasm building up in the 
gilt market largely ignores. 

Perhaps the ftindamental 
problem is that if sterling’s 
full participation in the EMS 
were to be made to work it 
would involve a far more 
radical change in the conduct 
of British economic policy 
than one can imagine the 
present Chancellor 


There are two broad ways 
of influencing the level of 
economic activity. One is to 
alter the balance between 
government revenues and 
expenditure (ie shift fiscal 
policy). The other is to act 
upon interest rates, the ex- 
change rate and monetary 
growth (ie shift monetary 

Mr Lawson, of course, sees 
also a third policy option — to 
improve the “micro-ec- 
onomy" — but even he 
admits this is a long-term 
gradualist approach. Fiscal 
policy and monetary policy 

Base Rates* 

Clearing Banks 10 
Franca House 10 
Discount Marital Loans % 
Overnight WgtE 714 Low 4 
Weak tau*£9V9 
TrsMury BUa (Discount %) 

are thus the only effective 
short-term policy 


Fiscal policy in Britain is, 
however, set on autopilot. 
The Medium Term Financial 
Strategy (MTFS) effectively 
boxes the Chancellor in to a 
pre-ordained path for the 
PSBR. The odd target may be 
missed or fiddled via asset 
sales but to a large extent the 
Chancellor has unilaterally 
disarmed fiscal policy. 

This has thrown the whole 
emphasis in running the Brit- 
ish economy on to monetary 
policy'. Originally this meant 
trying to control monetary 
growth but this particular 
game has now been largely 
abandoned. Instead the Trea- 
sury now seeks to swing the 
exchange rate in response to 
changing economic cir- 

Thus when inflation began 
to accelerate fairly smartly 
towards 7 per cent in the 
spring of 1985 the exchange 
rate was firmed. Some dep- 
reciation was then allowed 
last winter as oil prices fell 
and the depredation seen 
since August can be plausibly 
tied in to the poor growth 
performance of the economy 
this summer. 

Putting sterling into a fixed 
exchange rate system , such as 
the EMS would thus deny 
what currently seems to be 
the most frequently used tool 
of macro-economic 

Furthermore, if fiscal pol- 
icy remains in a black box 
called the MTFS (and it is 

2 mrxn 10% 2 mntfi 10% 

3 ninth 10K 3mmh 1054 

Prime Bank BSs (Discount %) 

1 ninth 10'u-9*i« 2mmh 10*<e-10*w 

3 mntfi 10»i«-10X 6rmth 10%-10K 

Trade BUs (Discount %) 

1 ninth 10 l, i» 2mnth 11 *m 

3rnntn 11»m 6mnth life 

interbank (%) 

Overnight open 9% dose 7 

1 weekSU-S 6mnth Il'w-IO^.a 

lmnth 10%-10fe 9 mntfi 11%-H 

3 ninth 11-10% 12mth ll^a-H'w 1 

Local Aoanriiy Deposits (%) 

2 days 0% 7 days 97. 

1 mnft lOfe 3mnth 10% 

local A u thority D oc 

lmnth 1154-1154 
3 ninth 11K-1151 
9 ninth 1154-1154 

Starting CO* (%) 

1 mnth 10 «ie- 1 (P« 
6mnth 11 - 10 % 

1 mnth 5-95-5.90 
6 mnth 535630 

11%-H 54 
6 mnth 1154-11 X 
12mth 11 54-1 IX 

3 mnth 1054-10% 
12mfh 11-10% 

3 mnth 535-530 
12mth 635-530 

very difficult to see Mr 
Lawson ever using fiscal pol- 
icy as a serious means of 
influendng the economy) 
and if monetary policy is 
boxed into the EMS, this will 
pose the interesting question 
of who on earth is running the 

The flip answer from many 
in the gilt market would be: 
“The Bundesbank". It might 
be added also that this is 
exactly what the British econ- 
omy needs. 

According to some of the 
more enthusiastic propagan- 
dists. Gorman economic rec- 
titude would be introduced 
and inflation abolished, all at 
a stroke. According to others. 
EMS membership would 
effectively mean mat inves- 
tors would be able to pick up 
double figure yields in a 
currency tied to the marie. 

Com monsense suggests 
that there may well be a few 
problems with such accounts. 
It has to be questioned, for 
example, bow far Britain’s 
economic performance 
would converge on that of 
Germany. The North-east 
has been operating on a fixed 
exchange rate against the 
South-east for a long time 
now and there are very few 
signs yet of any convergence 
ofeconomic performance. 

If sterling attempted to 
enter a fixed exchange rate 
system against the mark at 
anything like current levels it, 
instead, seems far more likely 
that we would soon start 
hitting the sort of problems 
which plagued us during the 


old Brctton Woods fixed rate 

As the Bank of England 
never tires of pointing out, 
British labour costs are rising 
much more rapidly than 
those of most of our compet- 
itors. With the oil production 
profile also declining it is 
difficult not to feel that the 
defence of a fixed exchange 
rate would soon become the 
dominant theme of British 
economic life —just as it used 
to be in the bad old 1950s and 

The initial reaction of gilts 
to EMS membership would 
almost certainly border on 
the ecstatic The merest whiff 
of rumour about membership 
last Tuesday, for example, 
was enopgh to steady a very 
nervous market. If the events 
of recent weeks had taken 
place within the EMS, how- 
ever. there would have been 
no choice for Britain but to 
raise rates hard and fast as the 
disastrous trade figures 
turned a currency problem 
into a crisis. 

The myth that, as a matter 
of course, we could have 
expected the Bundesbank to 
bail us out instead, is unfortu- 
nately just that — a myth. Few 
can seriously suppose that the 
German authorities are going 
to expand their own money 
supply substantially and 
jeopardize their own eco- 
nomic policies to rescue a 
floundering sterling. 

Everyone agrees that cur- 
rency volatility is a bad thing 
and that everything the 
authorities can do to smooth 

exchange rates is to be wel- 
comed. This, however, is a 
very different proposition to 
the pegging of sterling into a 
fixed exchange rate system at 
a time of rapid change in the 
relati ve performance of econ- 
omics around the world. 

Rather than provide the 
hoped-for “firm monetary 
standard" and route to low 
inflation the gilt market 
hopes for. EMS membership 
would instead lead to much 
more volatile interest rates 
and a much more pro- 
nounced cycle in economic 

British Chancellors have 
had a penchant for over- 
valued currencies for most of 
this century and there are few 
signs of the present Chan- 
cellor breaking the trend. On 
this basis British interest 
rates are almost certainly 
going to be higher in the EMS 
than out of it The parallel 
between the current EMS 
debate and the late 1970s 
debate about monetary tar- 
gets is obvious. Targeting 
£M3 growth was seen as a 
cure-al! policy to deliver both 
low inflati on and low interest 

In the end, however, it 
drove base rates up to record 
levels. EMS membership, af- 
ter the initial gloss wore off 
could soon turn into the same 
nightmare in gilts. 

George Hodgson 

The author is chief economist 
at Citicorp Scrimgeour, 
Vickers Securities. 

Audit chief 
on CBI 

By Derek Harris 
Industrial Editor 

Mr John Ban ham, aged 46, 
controller of the Audit 
Commission for local authori- 
ties in England and Wales, is 
on the short-list for the next 
director general of the Confed- 
eration of British Industry. 

This was confirmed yes- 
terday by the CBI which said a 
decision was due shortly about 
the successor to Sir Terence 
Beckett, who retires this year. 

Until now speculation 
about a successor has centred 
on Sir Michael Edwaides. best 
known for his turbulent 
chairmanship years at BL 
(now the Rover Group) and 
Sir John Harvey-Jones, who is 
giving up the chairmanship of 
iCI early next year. 

Sir Alex Jarratt, chairman 
of the CBl’s employment pol- 
icy committee, has also been 

. Mr Banham was ap- 
proached by the CBI which 
was especially impressed by 
an audio-visual presentation 
he gave about hiscommision’s 
work in improving efficiency 
in local government. 

Mr Banham has a contract 
at the commission until 1988 
and in an interview, with 
Accountancy Age would not 
say whether he would accept 
the CBI position if .it was 

Before joining the commis- 
sion Mr Banham worked for 
Reed International 

7 days 5“i*5% 

3 mntfi S ,B is-S ,s u 




$ 60430 (£420.25 ) 

•Excludes VAT 

7 dam 4 , r*4ha 
3 mntfi 454-4% 
7 days 8%-B5( 
3mmti 9tf-8% 

7thfl«^2?HH ■*«# 
3 mnth 454-4 


7 days 5-4% 

3 mntfi 5-4% 

call 6X-6X 
1 mntfi 5 ,s w-**» 
6 mntfi 
cafl 54 
1 mntfi 4544% 

6 mntfi 4*19-4’ «, 
catf 8-7 
1 mntfi 954-9 
6 mntfi 8%-8% 
cati 214-1% 
1 mntfi 3 n ia- l, w 
6 mnth 4%-4 
cati 5H-454 
1 mntfi 54% 

6 mntfi 4%4% 

Dilemma of Big Bang ‘police 9 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 

Rxed Rate Starting Export Finance 
Schama IV Average re fe re n c e rale for 
interest period August 9, 1986 to 
September 2, 1966 inclusive: 9390 pc 

The statutory bodies being 
set up to regulate the City after 
Big Bang will have difficulty 
reconciling the control re- 
quired for investor-protection 
with the freedom needed by 
the City to compete on equal 
terms with international 

In the latest Lloyds Bank 
Economic Bulletin, Mr Chris- 
topher Johnson, the bank’s 
chief economic adviser, says 
the changes brought about by 

Big Bang will create dan&rs as 
well as opportunities. 

Many of the participants in 
the new markets will retire 
hurt or disappear, but the 
authorities will have to man- 
age this process without let- 
ting the contagion spread to 
the rest of the market. 

There win also he a large 
number of potential conflicts 
of interest within single finan- 
cial institutions as they deal 
with hanking, - corporate fi- 

How many 

major British market-makers 

can say this? 

mith New Court a re the only independent 
major British market-maker - we are the 
only one not controlled by any outside group. 
Our shareholders do not influence our 
business. Nor do they ever deflect us from offering 
sound advice and keen prices. 

Our independence enables us to move swiftly 
and to go boldly where others might fear to go. 

One thing we’ll never do is to impose a 
predetermined pattern of trading on our clients; 
we believe that flexibility to the client’s needs is the 
surest policy. 

Further our research and agency company is 
independent from our market- makin g side. 

You can find us on The Stock Exchange Floor; 
where our pitches are equipped with the latest 

To serve international clients, we duplicate 
those facilities in many of our offices. 

And while we are well established in America, 
the Far East and Australia, we are dedicated to 
expand further overseas. 

5^ So whatever the size or complexity of your 

jjs order; talk to Smith New Court. 

A J Lewis, Chairman, O 

p Smith NewCburtPIA OMITH 

tj Chetwynd House, . .. 

*/•. 24St.SwithirisLane, N E W 

V;' London egjns/u: ip O IT R T 

T Telephone 01-626 1544. V.V..H.5L* 

fc.-l Telex 884410 . plc 

if:' Fast, decisive, independent. 





nance, investment and securi- 
ties activities. 

The situation will be com- 
plicated by the lade of a new 
legal framework when Big 
Bang occurs. The Financial 1 
Services Bill will not become 
law before next year. 

In the meantime, there is a 
serious ride that some market 
participants will take advan- 
tage of the lack of any statu- 
tory framework protecting 

UK. Atomic Energy 
Authority: Mr John Gordon 
Coftkr becomes chairman 
from January 1. 

Thom High Street Prop- 
erties: Mr .lames Shaw' has 
been made managing director. 

Carless Solvents: Dr 
Thomas Searle is made 
marketing director. 

C Howard & Partners: Mr 
Jeffrey Wflllams becomes 
group managing director. 

Barclays de Zoete Wedd: 
Mr Richard Hetey has been 
made a director and bead of 
corporate finance. 

George Wimpey: Mr Peter 
Curry becomes a non-exec- 
utive director. 

BPA McCann: Mr David 
Lyle becomes managing 

London Financial Group: 
Mr Philip Doscan has been 
made director. 

Tesco: Mr Andrew Johnson 
becomes property director 
and Mr Ken Blackburn prop- 
erty services director. 

Watmoughs Limited: Mr 
Dedaa Salter has been made 
London sales director. 

Guinness Mahon Holdings: 
Mr Malcolm Wilde, Mr Keith 
M31ar and Mr Mk&ael Kerr- 
Droeen join the board. 

Astra Holdings: Mr Ste- 
phen Kock becomes a non- 
executive director. 

International Business 
Communications (Holdings): 
Mr Peter Rigby is made 
financial director. 

The Post Office: Mr Ken 
Yonng becomes vice- 

Sedgwick Maxine: Mr DC 
Binsted, Mr JJ Cox, Mr NRE 
Macnanghtan and Mr NDJ 
Oakley become directors. 

Morgan Grenfell Asset 
Management: Mr Tony 
MaCmson has been made a 
non-executive director. 

CE Heath Group: Mr PC 
Methley becomes chairman 
Mr PT Barfett, Mr RM 
Harrison, Mr DW Nichols 
and Mr B Warbmton are 
made directors of CE Heath 

Balanced way 

A chart which appeared last 
Monday with the article “Bal- 
anced way to standard on 
inflation accounting”, in- 
verted the figures for divi- 
dends as a percentage of 




ABN 1000% 

Adam & Company 10.00% 

BCGL 1000% 

Otter* Savmgst 1075% 

Consolidated Cub 1000% 

CMneratm Bank 10110% 

& Hon & Co 1000% 

Hong Kong & Stangtw— 1000% 

Lloyds Bank 1000% 

Nat Westminster 10.00% 

Royal Bank of Scotland _ 1000% 

TS8.__.__ _10jQ0% 

Citibank NA. 1000% 

t Mortgage Base Ran. 


Markets target 
mark as jobless 
figures rise again 

From Maxwell Newton, New York 

Employment figures for terest ***** against the 
September confirmed the background of a ste*P 5™ 
weakness of the US economy, carve. The 90-day T-Bffl on 
The rise of 107,000 - abort 7 Friday was yielding S2A per 
per cent compared with 6.8 per cent, the 10 -year note 7-29 1 »er 
■cent in August — rever se d the cent and the 30-year bond 7 .52 
trend of three successive per «nt These are lower 
mnniiK in which . nnpmp lny- yields than have applied since 
meat declined and added to the the beginning of September, 
impression that economic The US mast_ achieve a 
growth may be no better than m^orrednethmm amports and 
the 0 j 6 per cent annual rate for can no longer fulfill the roie oi 
the second quarter. locomotive for world economic 

The bond market responded growth. That is quite dear, 
positively to the news. But the Rea g a n A dmin aua- 

The market has not got an it tion is not going to take any 
wanted from the IMF meet- drastic moves this jade of 
iugs — an agreement between Christmas to cut off_ imports. 
Germany, Japan and the US Creeping protectionism will 
to hold their relative currency probably now ensue, as ce- 
rates (airly stable. Nor did the hlenced by this week’s _ an- 
Germaas have the subtlety to nonneed move against 
give Mr James Baker, US Japanese textile fibre irnport- 
Treasary Secretary, a few ers who have been slipping 
feathers to fly with. They left these goods into America fro® 
(him with nothing. Korean destinations raider a 

I Nevertheless, rt is becoming Japanese label. The feeling in 
apparent now M the US has the Administration and the 
decided — or the Forex mar- country is one of a total lack of 
kets have decided for its —that patience with such 
die main brant of dollar' shenaimigans. 
devaluation a gainst- the Meanwhile, commodity 

world currencies will be di- prices continue to show no 
rected against the mark. The signs of improvement, 
yen b apparently going to be The threatened explosion in 
left alone, on the assumption commodity prices- has not 
that the Japanese persevere happened. CRB commodities 
with efforts to stimulate their futures have settled down 
economy and to raise imports, about 210, a level exceeded in 
Meanwhile, foe US wfll get May and March, 1986, and in 
after die Koreans, the Tai- December, 1985, - January, 
wanese, the Canadians and the 1986, and February, 1986. 
B razilians, damantlinfi car- There are - two principal 
rency appreciations in return reasons for this stability, 
for continued reasonably m- First, the oil price explosion 
fettered access to the US up to about $20 a bar rel .ha s 
market not happened. Crude futures 

For the hood markets, hate remained down around 
things are thos beginning to $14-15. 
work oat nicely. The economy Secondly, the explosion in 
remains in the doMrams — dm pterions metals — particularly 
threat of a major drop m the platinum — has gtatly re- 
dollar against the major fman- ceded. The grid market has 
dal powers has been removed held up quite well bid there 
for the time being — the Tax have been no excesses. 

BQl, which is favourable to Recently the Cotmnbfai 
lower interest rates and comes U n iversity Institute for Busi- 
down heavily on borrowing, ness cycle research devised an 
has been passed. updated index of spot 

A rally m the bond market, commodity prices* . 
which has been postponed This index points to consid- 
since April, may now re- erable stability in tin price of 
commence, driving down la- spot commodities. 



day's rang* 

N Yoric 1.4365-1.4445 
Mammal 13940-1 .9996 
Ams'dam33f05-&2720 . 
Brussels 59.47-6036 
Cphgsn 103276-109282 
Dublin 13503-1.0606 
Frankfurt 2366323951 
Lisbon 2103821233 
Madrid 199.74-191.09 
kfian 198235-2004.48 
Oslo 105408-106708 
PWi» 93883*4925 
sntftfm 9340803088 
Tokyo 22035422.43 
Vienna 20.17-2036 
Zurich 2321803479 






154-1 54 prem 





154-54 pram 
154-1 prom 

154-1 4 pram 

1.77-1 .72pram 





Tbrae Monti Statfag 

Dec 86 

Max 87 

Jun 87 

Sep 87 

Dec 87 

MV 88 

Prewous day’s total open i 


■ • Low 






8930 ' 

• 89.12 















Short on 
Dec 86 _ 
Mar 87 _ 
Jitfi 87 — 

Ptarfoue day's total open Mamst 28628 
94.16 9337 34.16 5813 

9439 9335 94.08 - 682 

9336 93.64 9335 500 

9051 9332 93 S? 60 

ftmfoua daye total open Interest 8333 
97-18 954» 97-07 6529 

96-15 95-05 : 96-10 120 

95-15 9435 95-10 40 

9»o »^sr“s5“ , ww 




The Bank of England announces tfm Her Mtffeaty*a Tteasuy has craatetf on 3rd 
Ocmbar 1986. and tea issued to ilia Bank, additional amounts aa indfcawd of 
each of the Stocks feud below; 

£200 mMon 10 per taant TREASURY CONVERTIBLE STOCK, 1990 
£200 mB6on9(ta cent CONVERSION STOCK. 2000 
£200 mMon 8 per cent TREASURY STOCK. 2009 
The price paid by the Bank on issue was in each cue the mtddto msrfcax dosing 
prioa of the ntievam Stock on 3rd October 1886 as candied by the Gmermwit 

In addition. Her Majesty’s TVsesury has c ra ted on 3rd October 1986. and has 
■sued to the Notional Debt Commfsaionera for pubfle funds under their 
management, an adifinona! amount of £100 mlBoa of 10 par cant Haaatay 
ConvenHa Stock. 199a 

bi esehcese. the amoun Issued on 3rd October 1988 repreeents afatiiar tranche 
at the ratauant Stock, ranking in atf respects pan'paeav with diet Stock and aufajact 
to the terms and condtoons a ppfc ab l s to tint Sock, and sub|ect also to the 
pronMon c on ta ine d ia the final parayaph of this notice; the currant preuMormtar- 
CSpnri Gsina Hoc are described befcmt 

Appfcstion hes been mads to the CouncS of The Stock Bcchange for each ftnher 
tranche of Slodc to be admitrad to the Official list. . 

Cottas of the pr ospe ct uses for 10 per cant Ttasury ConwenBda Stock. 1990 
dated 13m January 1984. 3 per cam Treasury Convertible Stock. 1980 dated 6th 
Mar ch 19?3 (which containe d the arms of «mo of 9 pr cent Convar ai on Stock. 
2000) and 8 par cam Treasury Stock. 2009 dead. 18th April 1986 may be 
obtained at the Bar* of England. New Issues. VUnfeng Street. London. EC4M 9AA. 
The Stocks ere repayable st par. and knarest is payable haff-yeerfy, on the dates 

10 par ant Tucjry Cm i rUi Stock 1990 25ft Ooctar 1990 2SftApi • 


9 par cant Csrwamon Sock. 2000 MMnehXJOO 3rd March 


8 par cant -fiaeur Stock. 2009 25ft Sapncfts 2009 ZSdiMedi 


The ftjrther tranche of 10 par cant Reeaury CDnusrme Stock. 1990 'tos bean 
laeued on an ax-dMdend beats and wiB not rank far the fewest pa yment due on 
25tft October 1986 on the stating Suck. The fortiwr tr an c hes of 9 per cm 
Consmion Stock. 2000 and 8 per cant Ttouuy Stock. 2008 wU rank tar a Mi 
sbe month*’ tntareai on the next intaraat payment due appGcefale m the ralesanr 
S to ck. OfTrcial d aa Bnga h the Stocks an The Stock Exc h a nge are ypactwrt to 
eommence on Monday, 6th October 1986. 

10 pv cent Treasury ConweraMe Suck. 1990 end 9 per cam Cnvankn Stock, 
2000 are. and 8 per cat Deaewy Stock. 2009 wfll be. apecSed under paramili 
1 at SchetUe 2tots Cnpaal ^ins Tbx Act 1979 as pk-edged secmtlss (ixtdar 
currant l uyhl a tiun erampt from tax on capital gains. Irrespective of the period for 
Mhich the Stocft is haktf. 

Govmrnan aananmtt 

Attention Is ifcawn to the au t sm snt issued by Her M aje sty 's TieeMuy ui 29ft 
May 1983 nrhKh expfonedftet. In the kNarastofita orderly cooduct of iiaita 
pokey, neither Her Majesty's Gove rn ment nor the Bank at England or pair 
raspectin sonants or egants intatUn to dscfou tax chtinges dacUsd on but i 

not yat amowesd. even where they may spocfficely sffeca the tamts on which. I 
or tfw condtiana wxiar wMeh. tfwaa (urriiar tenches of nock hre baued 'or aold 
byofonbehrtfQfthtiGo wn mamorihaBariuttataoraspo w fcfcy cPH t ia i ufu re ; 

be accepted for any omteakxi to make auoh dla i JoaM^ end that eadt or ttiMkai | 

shall nattier render any transaction table to be set soldo oorgius ties to my claim ! 

for co mp ert sa tioh, 

BANK OFEN9J1ND " V ■ • : . " ’ • 

LWOON • .• j 

3rd October 1986 y- . V 

9 par carcComamon Ink. 2000 

8 per cant tawny Seta. 2009 

M Merit 2000 

«r 1 

\ 1 

l n 

> . » . 

j ^ 

I % 
* n 

i \ 





w tt 

« is, 

l«> « 


' I»ial\ lo 
l!i1 ' >n tbeps- 

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.* sv. 
:f.n « 

1 1 : iST 

r. r.- 

C»» i- 
r i: i 

:- ;.i ‘ 

r. • 

ir rtf-' 
.i’t • 

« l< *• 

.i * - 



If you’ve ever puzzled over the name 
U-BiX, we’d like to put you in the picture. 

For years, we’ve been known as makers of 
the most reliable copiers in the business, but you 
probably don’t know about our new range of 
office equipment 

Fax machines, word processors, personal 
computers, and electronic filing are now as much 
a part of our business as photocopiers. 

That’s why we decided it was high time we 
changed our name. 

So from October 1st, we’ll be known as 
Konica Business Machines. 

Now you might be wondering what Konica 
(more famous for their cameras) have to do with 
U-BiX, and office equipment 

Well, quite simply, both Konica and U-BiX 
share the same parents. A company called 

After years of working alongside each other, 
contributing and swapping ideas, it seemed silly 
not to use the same corporate identity. 

After all, both sides have made significant 
breakthroughs in their similar fields. 

Konica for instance, developed and 
produced the world’s first ‘through-the-lens’ 
automatic exposure SLR camera. They also 
produce their own high quality colour film. 

And together with our background in 
consistently excellent copiers, we are about to 
launch a revolutionary new full colour copier. 

Of course this is only one part of our 
extensive range of office equipment, which 
includes high quality products right across the 

Understandably, we’re quite proud of our 
new identity and to cdebrate, for a limited period, 
we’re giving away a free camera with every new 
photocopier or fax machin e 

So to complete the picture, just fill in the 
coupon below and we’ll send you the new Konica 
Business Machines 
brochure and a free 
35mm. Konica colour 























K ! 





O pec 10 j 


• ,lA 


Konica Business Machines (UiC.) Ltd, 6 Miles Gray Road, 16,10 

Basildon, Essex, SS14 3AR. 

Tel: Basildon (0268) 27872 or dial 100 and aisk for Freefone Konica U-BiX. ' 

Fd like to join the name change celebrations. Please send me a brochure 
and free Konica 35mm. colour film. 













From your portfolio card check vour 
SR* share P nce movements- Add them 
“P U) give yon your overall mial. Check 
S£ 1 -¥ a j nsI *** daily dividend figure 
published on this page- If it matches you 
nave won outright or a share of the total 
«aily prize money stated. If you are a 
winDer follow the daim procedure on the 
flack of your card. You must always have 
■sour card available when claiming. 

Gaia or 



Indimrials A-D 

C recur- King 



Indiums)* A-D 

Crystal* te 

GecOToB -( 

AGB Research 

Industrials A-D 

La pone 


Geers Oran 

Paper. Prim 

Kennedy Sunk 

Indnsaials E-K 

Aaplia TV 



Industrials A-D 




Drapery -Stores 

TtaEaisar Honse 

Industrials S-Z 

ApdfM Computers 


Mcai Trade Supp 





Industrials A-D 


lodusinals A-D 




industrials a-D 


Indostnals S-Z 

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Industrials S-Z 



Thames TV 

Cinemas. TV 

Ford (Martin) 


Samhxbi Serv 

Indastriab M 

SAD Stores 

Drapery Fiores 

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Blrik1l*6i ffrarfc 

Muiray Elect 


Davies A Newman 

Industrials A-D 

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Drapery .Stores 

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San TV 


Nottingham Bnck 


Bunonikood Brew 



Industrials E-K 

Please be sore to tke account 
of any min as signs 

Weekly Dividend 

, Please make a noic of your daily totals 
■ for the weekly dividend of £8.000 in 
. Saturday's newspaper. 









Stock our- 



An CtfflB kit Qraas 
taut (Si only Rad 
Friday auk yut yn 

SHORTS (Under Rve 
Mb E*efl TflBB 
1257m Excfi 13*% 1957 
996™ Trees CM %% 1997 
■ 879m Each 2'a% 196? 
1S»5n> Em* 10*% 190? 
940m rind 6V* If 
. 1S8Sm Trwn 10% 19B7 
913B Trans 3% 1987 
1985m Tim 12* 198? 

' 1430m Ercn 10V* 11 
1121m Tran C9*«% 19 
iiaim Tim 3 
1963m Tim 9V* 1908 

1371b Pm IO'i* 1999 
2320b Enft 10* 1909 
1i09m Each 10'*% 1909 
1934m Exdi 11 

- 1033m Tim C9'i% 1909 
435a Pm 3* 1909 
99na Pm 13* WHO 

1366a Bo* 11* I9B0 

120Oa&ch 12V* 1990 
4S7mPm 3* 1990 
961m Tim B'«% 1907-90 
1521m Tim 11Tb 1990 
Ml Excb 24% 1990 
217SmPm 11V% 1991 
350m Fund 5%% 198741 
1391m Exsfi 11% 1961 
319m Pan 3* 1991 

» +% 
ion .. 
ass -s 

•7V .. 

Sosa .. 
99 'a -V 
99S +% 
96V +% 
9* -V 
97* -V 
SO* .. 

TOO 1 * -V 
97* J| 
9rt. -S 
100S .. 

99'. -S 
664 B-V 
96 B-4 
0? -4 

IM'a -S 
99 J. 
1034 -S 
934 -S 
79V -4 
101'. -* 
79*. 4 


996b Trm 12%% 1992 10SV -S 
. UBtaTrm 10% 1%. 954 -* 

921 m Tim Cl 04% 1992 974 *-V 

1404a Exdi 124% 1992 104 -* 

• 1923™ Each 134% 1992 109V "V 

114*a Tim 10% 1993 9SVB-4 

11671b Tim 124% 1993 1064 -V 

50701 Fluid 8% 1393 844 -4 

1393m Pm 1S%% «3 1114 -IV 

099m Pm 144% 1994 1194 -IV 

121Bra Etch 12'i% 1994 110VB-14 

1841m Exdi 134% 1994 1054 -14 

1258m Pm 9* 1994 884 -14 

2383m Tim 12* 1995 103* -14 

159m On 3*19*HO 74V B-S 
1950o Exch 10'.% 1995 954 -IS 

1066™ Tim 12V% 1996 1004 -IV 

1037m Pm 14* 1998 115V -IS 

074B Tim 9%1«&9B 80V -IS 
1652™ Pm 154% 1996 122VB-IS 
896m Each 134% 111* -1 

32M Rdnffl 3% 1996 794 -V 

428m Coni 10% 1996 934 -IV 

109lm Pm isv% 1997 112V -is 

2560m Each I0'i% 1997 96S -14 

1135m Tim 34% 1997 B7V -V 

1220m Exdi 15% 1997 1224 B- IV 

75*n Trm 6V% 199*98 754 B-4 

2454m Exdi 9*% 1998 92S 

1406m Trm 164% 1998 TZ74 -IV 

2886b Eon 12% 1 898 106V -14 

960m Tim 04% 1899 92 -14 

5140m Exdi 124% IMS 1M4 -1* 

1226m Pm 104% 1999 98 -4 

1344m Coro 104% 1999 964 -V. 

2017m Tmas 13% 2000 114 -14 

B82m Con* 3% 2000 884 -V 

761m Trims 10% 2001 95V -1 

702m Com 94% 2001 934 -4 

1475m Tim 14% 199*01 119 -IS 


GKhi Com 10% 2092 854B-1 

. 1t>50a Each 12% WMZ 1064 -IV 

Slim Ti»4* 9V%2WC KJ4 -IV 

9580 Tim 10*2003 B5S -14 

2142m Pam 13V% 2000433 118 -TV 
200261 PBBS 114% 2001-04 PBS -14 
aram Trees 10% 2004 954 -1 

2S»a Fund 34% T9SB04 514 J. 
97741 COO. 94*2004 924B-4 

1386m Com fl’j% 2005 92V B-4 

1055m Each 104* 2005 1004 -14 

2516m Tim 124% 2003-09 114* -14 
564m Pm 6% 2002-06 80* B-4 
338m Com 9V%20Q6 94* -14 

33BMI Tim 11*% 2003-07 1084 -V 
' 1632m Trm 134% 2004-08 122S -1* 
847m Pau 8*2009 304 -4 

SXtaTima 64% 2006-12 S9V -14 
*- 548m Tim 7V% 2012-15 78* -1 
1156a Each 12% 2013-17 115% -IS 


143n Consols 4% 39V -4 

865b Mr in 34% 344 .. 

76m cem 34% 464 -4 

16m Tim 3% 29V B-V 

- 8Bm COOK** 24% asVB-4 

. IT Tin Pm 24% 24* -4 


1200m Pm * 2% 1999 

S23m Tim * ** 

ii08m Pm in • 

749m Pm oav* : 

691m Pm *24* 20G3 
1020m Tim n. 2% row 

827m Pm UV* 2009 
1030 b pm *24% 2011 
771 m Pm *24% 2013 
1125a TVm *24% 2016 
375a Tim i-2'l% ZOlB A 
WOb Tim *24% 20» 





















































































Capitalization and week’s change 

(Cuircni market price multiplied by the number of shares in issue for the stock quoted) 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began on September 29. Dealings end next Friday. §Contango day October 1 3. Settlement day October 20. 

§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

© Times Newspapers L faarta l 



Claims required for 
+52 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 


T84.Gm Aus Na*> ; 

3430m MM nil 205 -3 

" “V"" £ *10 153* 

_ . E7S +4 

727*1 Bw* Of totort 178 -6 173 

7322m BOB imam tamai £11 

SB* LMM UK 230 • .. 17 

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508 *30 116 

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1.4823a WB* Fra £70 B+V 

228a WHnat 270 77 25 133 


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333m tmranM 0*0 148 

S21m WBiBbS 188 

948m MBBton TTwmpeon 109 
203ra MoriaW 25* 

805 4m5A Boweries 232 
£81. 4m Scot 0 No* 187 

1438m VIA 370 

9343m UMnB 'A' 348 

Ula Do -S’ 348 


172.1m WoW H w ii i n A0 533 
8382.000 Yeung A" 288 

108 S3 1U 
183 43 143 
11.1 40113 

11 1 40 113 

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127 23 180 

103 26 190 




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155B Brogan*™ Bit* 395 

2453m BmrmOmm 139 

1306800 BaCayfBan) Consr 25 

278m 8 ak S iso 

9,300800 Ban 8ms 52 

127m BtaSJoyo 975 

710Bm Blue Cfcta 

1. 472-COO Fad 
3758800 Do 'A* 

9,923800 Fedmmad Hsg 
6892000 FW** Op 
25.0a OBMad 
2192800 Qua A Daidy 0rd1» 
356a GtaSton (MJ) 356 

1040m HAT 139 

100m Hatcal Bb 313 

U7b HBidBaon 

mia ta wt J o n n aa n 172 
43S3800 Jan* 01 A Sana 440 
101.1m Lam ui au 

965b Do -A* 344 

17*. Lawrence (WBBr) S3 
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U75B UarB (YJ) 398 

320.1b liaonat A Soofi 178 


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2S73aa Moanani (John) 
•i.7eh Namna 
21.166 MOBMBB 
51306 Pb Mbism 
2391.000 Phoant* Pncar 
38*0500 hod*, 

553.161 PMC 
8T13™ riadand 
415 b Hubamid 
2213m Pudiy Camtnt 
245B-9oip6 A riahar 
8868.000* Smart (J) 

1391. 3m Tarmac 

399 im Tint™ Woodriw 
298u> Ttfcufy Oouc 
725a Pan* A Arnold 
6570.000- Pain 

7.735800- WBim u yn fT> 
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SI 29 193 
128 20 125 

103 28 M3 
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107 27 88 
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Price Cngafrcrw D" 

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Fmtay -eeH pang ». P/E 

18MJB0 Auto RMk 
9870800 Amende 
1125m Au* Sac 
491 On EBCC 
129.1a ass 

23 13 117 

157 87 133 
25 32 52 

100 13 105 

107 20 105' 
58b 5.1 92 
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24 157 
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42.1m AUHMBrtl 
653a Man Harm 

318n BarUay Tach 
507 b CMiaSi 
185 b candnar 
1.133800 Canawiay 
529*800 Eotafy 6 wan 
33 ta hery A Skna 

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55*BI TV-AM 
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3S7M 156 Ceepar 231 

313b Liberty 700 

10 4b Unerift KROOur 
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124 ia Flna Aft D«v 
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6.475000 ronmm ai 
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1 08b Oarri SR 
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78710 AGS 
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5358800 Aimeur 
172a Ash 8 Lacey 
1312.000 ASMS* 

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406 b Aten Bobber 

2800000 Apmaa u*a 

333 Aa BoA 
1051.A1 BET Old 
0797000 ae 1 E C 
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2248m B*bC0di 

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98*9800 Bhck %rob 

776m Bock (Pmarj 2*3 

57.0m D BB WD 00 Hadga 48 
90.0m BBS Atm 383 

320m Badycem 320 

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6872800 Banay 87 

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7024000 Bndgand Go 
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9.481.000 Sr M 8 Eng 
36.0m BSS Orous 
32.9m Br Sypnon 
191 9n » VSi 
33218m Brdon MB 
5.(90JW gnym griaa mu, 
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8331800 Book* Tael 
313a Sum A Tmh 
3Sin Broim (John) 
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15 la Cantos Ena 
173a Can ind 
71 6a Ope Inc 
23.9a Cmto End 
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1,1472 b Cone OtddBBdt 
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A guide to 
career choice 

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. I M 

Taking risks is an everyday job 


J Wj gL iffllyJiB behind “,5 

— tfaosemultL-m illion are happy with a mi xnm. There is 

JJsKSt&a pound insurance deals at 2 E 

3ES~— ttitSfft Lloyd’s -and how can SS» p ^SS wi,h,heri8 

nrivS? s ‘5 essentially a market nfar* i — TT “I don't mind what the degree tto 

providmg ^a mts y OU make a career m the have," said one personnel officer, “! 

S”^?. leo, Ployers. where virtuaUvanv 77T , — rrrr : r long as they are extroverts." 

taAsrassjSKW City S nsk business? TTk sarat firm now prcfm jradim 

SESr 5 are space satellites and -wine — where once it relied on ihe public schoc 

but “ore Beryl Dixon explains t SU“h lt f “ 

™rritou1hUoyff S . motor ^^ 2 - !!L!La?_ ,s J , L?t!tF!! 

sePif iSl iS I 01 "i? 8 for CTer V >“s “ 
nn^when there is naw$ for the 

goo^ 0116 nn 8 for bad news, two for 

thESS? J™r underw rmen by more 
™ 400 syndicates comprising 3,000- 
Plus members or “namesr»mein 
££*^5!? a few - “me of 300. It 

lSwS a lo ? s ^ fro® Edward 
meSrhf ° ngmaI - c ? afee house where 
merchants met mfonnally with sirip 

SS5,." 4 w 10 *«« S 


^ernbers are private individuals who 
5?25 unlimited liability and risk having 
assets to meet a claim, 
cacn contract involves members takinga 
percentage of the risk and a related 
percentage of the premiums. 

( TJ ,e first qualification iq 

n ^ mb ^ r b to wealth of 
Liuo.ouO. But thousands of salaried 
employees work at, or are directly 

Members need to 
show wealth 

connected with, Lloyd’s. Some work for 
the syndicates. Names do not do the 

S*™ of uneferwriting; a man ag in g A reiWfveried waiter rings die rapby graduate (until recently the'oni 

svndirJt^ Sf ° f one m famous Lntme BeD atLtoyd’s graduate in his company) with exper 
syndiates. He or she is an employer, ^ y 5 esce of Lloyd's from dif fe re n t angles. H 

appointing a specialist underwriter for Lloyd's. They are free to approach went into Lloyd's “more or less b 
eacn main class of business — syndicates insurance companies, and may decide to accident”, being introduced to a broke 
specialize in particular areas within the split a large risk between several Lloyd's by his father-in-law, a Lloyd’s name: 
two mam divisions of marine and non- syndicates and insurance companies He soon realized that broking was nc 
marine — and a team of underwriting worldwide. for him and went into underwriting, late 

sta i'- The famous “slip” with which broken pioneering a computer-crime insuranc 

Each managing agent employs special- approach Lloyd’s underwriters is a policy which received considerable me 
ists to deal with statistics, taxation, legal statement of the type of cover required dia coverage, 
matters and trainee underwriters. The and all relevant de tails. The slip is After eight years in underwriting b 
latter, possibly school-leavers but gradually filled with signatures of under- derided to move and now runs 
increasingly graduates, learn underwrit- writers agreeing to accept a proportion of managing agency. He enjoys it because i 
ing skills very much by absorption, the risk. Signatures are resided as is not merely backroom administrate: 
working with and listening to the binding but the underwriter signs in good but involves him in all aspects of Lloyd’ 
underwriters in their team negotiating faith, the broker being expected to deal in work. 

with brokers. Employers direct their own total honesty, disclosing all maierial Responsible for the conduct of 1. 
training and will arrange for entrants to information. “If they don’t, they don’t syndicates, and a p remium income c 
attend formal courses. last long," one leading broker said. £177 million, he is in charge of th 

Underwriters do not have direct There are almost 300 accredited firms supervision of records, accounts, syn 

contact with clients but rely on accred- of Lloyd’s brokers, some of them vast dicale fund investment, re-insuranc 
ited Lloyd’s brokers to place business concerns with 3,000 staff others much -arrangements monitoring, and liakin 
with them. The brokers’ responsibility is smaller. Competition for business is with members’ agencies and with hi 
to their customers; namely to negotiate intense with brokers always looking for own direct names. . . 
the best possible terms for a policy, and new clients. Thus staff in broking firms He sees his role as supporting thi 
they are not obliged to place risks with may travel a lot in the UK and overseas, entrepreneurial risk-taking underwriters 

famous lirffw Bell 

r rings th 
at Lloyd’ 

LtoycTs. They are free to approach 
insurance companies, and may decide to 
split a large risk between several Lloyd’s 
syndicates and insurance companies 

The famous “slip” with which brokers 
approach Lloyd’s under w ri t er s is a 
statement of the type of cover required 
and all relevant details. The slip is 
gradually filled with signatures of under- 
writers agreeing to accept a proportion of 
the risk. Signatures are regarded as 
binding but the underwriter signs in good 
faith, the broker being expected to deal in 
total honesty, disclosing all maierial 
information. “If they don’t, they don’t 
last long," one leading broker said. 

There are almost 300 accredited firms 
of Lloyd’s brokers, some of them vast 
concerns with 3,000 staff others much 
smaller. Competition for business is 
intense with brokers always looking for 
new clients. Thus staff in broking firms 
may travel a lot in the UK and overseas. 

Individual firms have their own 
recruitment policies. Some prefer to take 
school-leavers, others graduates. Some 
are happy with a mixture. There is a 
tendency in some large firms, as with 
many other City employers, to look 
increasingly for graduates with the right 
soda! and personal skills. 

“I don't mind what the degree they 
have," said one personnel officer, “so 
long as they are extroverts." 

The same firm now prefers graduates 
where once it relied on ihe public schools 
to provide 18-year-old trainees. It feds 
that the best IS per cent of pupils 
automatically go on to university and 
leave more mature. “They are made to 
work at boarding school but university 
work demands motivation.” 

The constant interaction between 
brokers and syndicates requires admin- 
istrative support and regulation. One or 
two Lloyd's syndicates have bad some 
bad press recently, though as a spokes- 
man for the Corporation of Uoyd'S said 
resignedly it is the few scandals that hit 
the headlines, not the remainder of the 
400 synidcates. 

The corporation is a kind of civil 
service with Z000 staff providing vari- 
ous services to the regulatory committee 
of Lloyd’s, “policing the rules and 
disciplines and making sure the mav- 
ericks aren't cheating”. It also provides 
centralized support services to the 
different sydicates. 

School-leavers might join as general 
trainees and take either accountancy or 
insurance exams. Graduates might do 
the same or, if they have specialist 
backgrounds, be employed in one of the 
corporation's legislation, finance, audit- 



broking or self-regulatory departments. 

David Newman is an Oxford geog- 
raphy graduate (until recently the only 
graduate in his company) with experi- 
ence of Lloyd's from different angles. He 
went into Lloyd’s “more or less by 
accident", being introduced to a broker 
by bis father-in-law, a Lloyd’s name. 

He soon realized that broking was not 
for him and went into underwriting, later 
pioneering a computer-crime insurance 
policy which received considerable me- 
dia coverage. 

After eight years in underwriting he 
derided to move and now runs a 
managing agency. He enjoys it because h 
is not merely backroom administration 
but involves him in all aspects of Lloyd’s 

Responsible for the conduct of IS 
syndicates, a premium inmnw of 
£177 miliion, he is in charge of the 
supervision of records, accounts, syn- 
dicate fund investment, re-insurance 
arrangements monitoring, and liaising 
with members’ agencies and with bis 
own direct names. . . 

He sees his role as supporting the 
entrepreneurial risk-taking underwriters. 




Ashome HHl Management College is the established U.K. 
centre for management teaching for the iron and Steel 
Industry and now also provides management teaching for 
other organisations. This expansion requires additional 
appointments to the College's Directing Staff. 

1. A skilled teacher of MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING 
for lecturing on accounting, for designing short courses 
and modules In the Finance area; and for developing 
projects and case studies involving the use of accounting 
information for business decision making. An Honours 
Degree or appropriate professional qualification is 
essential. Preferre d age range is 30-45 years. 

2. A skilled teacher of MANAGEMENT, who approaches 
the topic from a behavioural framework. Other College 
teaching for which the successful candidate should be 
fitted probably includes Individual and Group Behaviour. 
Management by Objectives. Interviewing and Selection, 
Organisational Development and Change. An Honours 
Degree in an appropriate discipline is essential. 
Preferred age range is 30-35 years. 

Applicants for both posts should have worked in a 
University, Polytechnic, Management CoHege or Institute of 
Hiaher Education. Research, consultancy or managerial 
experience in industry or a PubGc Sector Authority is desirabte. 
as »e the personal qualities needed to relate wed to a wrie 
range of practising managers and client organisations. 

Indicative Salary around£15,500-£18,000, rndudinga 
Performance Bonus. Relocation help available. 

Further information is available from:- The Pnncfoal,. 
flohnme Hill College, Ashome Hill, LeamingtonSpa, 
Vkfarvrickstiire CV33 9QW. Telephone (0926) 651321to 
XTJiritten application *ouWbe made as soon as possible 
and before 1st November. 1986. 

head of the 
royal school 



(A School of the Woodard 
Corporation founded t860) 


The Northern Chapter of the Woodard Cor- 
poration invites applications from wen 
experienced graduates who are practising 
communicants of the Church of England, for 
the above post from April or September 1987. 

The School is an Independent Senior Day 
-School for M0 boys incorporating a Junior 
School and Kindergarten. Girts are admitted 
to the Sixth Form. A house attached to the 
School is provided. 

Full details of the School and form of applica- 
tion are available from the undersigned, to 
whom completed applications should be 
forwarded, together with a curriculum vitae 
and the names of three referees, before 17th 
October 1986. 

1 Pradhoe Terrace, L Knox. 

Tynemouth, . Divisoral Bursar, 

ftorth Tyneside. NE30 4EL Telephone 091-257-0786 

Head with a view to tne 

in April 1987 . 

Tne - teao hing and administration 

yean* to SSSCtob. forward thinkmg 

" j flatfihlo in 

Tyneside. NE30 4EZ. 



Applications are invited for the post of Di- 
rector of rhe North Staffordshire 
Polytechnic following tbe retirement of Dr. 
j. F. Dickenson. 

Present Salary £33,726. 

Details of the post and application forms 
can be obtained from the Chief Education 
Officer (F.E.), Education Office, Tipping 
Street, Stafford. ST 16 2DH. 

Closing date 24th October 1986. 

Trade Union Membership is encouraged. 

; An Equal Opportunity Employer. 


Required for January 1987, 
or as soon as possible 




The Principal expects to retire 
within five, years. 

Prospective applicants should 
write to him for details. 


Palmerston Nor th , New Zealand 


Applications are invited for a LectmesKp in Japanese 
withm the Department of Modem Languages. Applicants 
should have a higher degree. Japanese language, 
civilisation, history and hteraiure cotvses are offered 
internally and exnamurally. Appheants should state their 
particular fields of interest and teaching experience. 
Preference might be given to an applicant qualified to 
teach language and a specialist area of Japanese studies 
to the MA level. 

Salary: NZS30.500 - N2S35.00Q. 

Further details and conditions of appointment may be 
obtained from the Secretary General. Association of 
Commonwealth Universities (Appts), 36 Gordon .Square, 
London WClH QPF; or from the Registrar of the 
University, with whom applications close on 
14 November 198$. 




Application* arc sought from people with an interest m 
any area of accounting and finance. Can d id at es should 
possess at least a good Honours dmte and pre feren ce 
will hr given to those with a professional accounting 
qualification. Applications from candidates wtih a 
willingness to develop pos*«xp enence courses and/or an 
imereti in computer-based applications in accounting wiU 
be panicularty welcome. 

Further particulars and application form available from 
the Staff Appointments Officer. University of 
Nottingham. University Part. Nottingham NG7 2RD 
ret u rn a ble no later than 31 October 19 m. Ref No. 1068. 



Applications are invited for a one-year Re- 
search Assrstantshrp in Computer Science 
funded in the School of Engineering and Applied 
Science by a Computer Board and U.G.C. initia- 
tive to extend the role of computers in the 
teaching of law. 

Candidates should preferably have an honours 
degree in Comput er Sci ence with an interest in 

S^ t wtemi 1 teKresfStogicproSwnrrS^iS 

expert systems. 

Salary in the range £&020 - £9,880 pa with 

Applications (3 copies) naming three referees, 
should be sent by 1 November 1988, quoting 
reference SCI, to the Registrar, Science Labora- 
tories, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE. from 
whom further particulars may be obtained. 




The annual income from a donation made by the Japan 
Foundation is available for disbursement by the 
Committee established inderthe auspices of the UGC 
for the promotion of Japanese Studies in 
degree-ewanfing institut i on s ii the UK. Further 
particulars and application forms may be obtained from 
the Secretary, Japan Foundation Endowment 
Committee, c/o The University of Sheffield. Sheffield, 
S10 2TN; by whom completed applications must be 
received by 24 October 1986 fry consideration at the 
next meeting. , 


at ihe 


(University of London) 

Appbcaiois invited tor me post of 


The appointment wifi be made in Austrian history 
or m one of the social sciences. Applicants need 
not have speoafesed exclusively in Australian stud- 
ies but should be able to apply an Australian 
ebmenson. preferably n history and kteraiure. to 
wider comparative stuefres. and to take part in the 

promotion of Australian studies peneraNy « Bntam. 
Experience of both the Australian and the British 
university systems « desaatsfe. Ttes appointment, 
which may oe made by a secondment, w* be for 
one year m the fast mstanoa but may be extended 
to two subiect to finance being made available by 
the Austrian Government. The appointee wil be 
expected to take up duty in September 1987. Sal- 
ary wifi be on Lecturer scale (£8.020 to £15,700 
plus £1.297 London AHowance} Applications, with 
curriculum vitae and the names of three referees, 
should be sent not later than 10 November 1988 to 
the Secretary. Austrafcan Studies Centre, institute 
of Co m monw ea lt h Stuches, 27-28 Russefl Square, 
London WC1B 5DS. from whom further information 
may be obtained if requred. 



Applications are invited from suitably qualified 
candidates for the post of Lecturer in 
Pharmocology in ihe Department of Physiology 
and Pharmacology. The starting date is 

Salary on scale £8.020 - £15.700 (under review). 
Tbe initial salary will depend on qualifications 
and experience. 

Fun her particulars may be obtained from A J 
Small. Staffing Department, The University. 
Southampton, SO) $NH to whom applications 
(7 copies from UK. applicants and one from 
others) giving details of qualifications and ex- 
perience and the names, addresses and 
telephone numbers of three referees should be 
sent not later than 24 October 1986. Please 
quote Ref: AJS/86/77/T. Initial enquiries con- 
cerning the activities of the Department may be 
made to Professor N Saunders (tel. 0703 559122 
ext 4348) 


This new appointment will be tenable from 1st January 

Tbe person appointed will have a university-wide role 
for the development of continuing education, with par- 
ticular re feren c e to profession^ and vocational updating 
and develop men t, and will haw a specific responsibility 
for the formation of a new research group within die 
School of Education. i- 

A p r ofes s o ri a l appoint m ent i* contemplated for a suit- 
ably qualified person. a, 

Salary: nrimnnjm of £19.010 per annum for a profes- 
sorial appointment. 

Farther partkabus caa be abcamed from the Fersoaael 
Officer, University of Bath. Bath BA2 7AY. 
dosing dale for apppHcathms: 14th November 1988 

Applications are 
umted fur a 
1 m January. 1987, 

ot by arrangement. 

Scarring safety in the 
range £8500 to 
£16,500. USS. 

CtostHg dole bf 
Xth October. BSS. 
Further parttcubrs 
fn«m The Registrar. 

University oi 


- Optical Fibre 

The owinamuBv-iennwiaC 
CtolMl FJwe GtMP seeks » 
linage In rcsrarh Ufr 
nitians These fuve enenute 
nuumg (quXCTMt h* 
titer Utexdon and txKfi&re 
otstv mo tart meatriv. tw- 
hmcsmoaaupruxsuio The 
linage will be irsomsilMe iff 
the imamwn of on* eouo 
men <£5000001. onrnfton of 
ettUtg ranwnent punmng Iff 
t ne» tarttag and k*SM «*h 
irwanh sutft 

A hmmMgr p> (Man op- 
irv iv sew conoudiv fatei- 
uton is tetinfofe but da maa 
twwttmw n a fleeter *c 
teoKh m ctauenpng pnnirms 
Affttunb Should be rduUM 
if degier me> ff equwaien and 
Iwe had rainani omous 

Saunr on sraic £8020 
Fl? .80 pet annum id* award 

AnHcawns Owing a Dnrf 
cumcuUun sitae wah the names 
and aodiEan t* ? ittotn 
should tr sen io Mi H I 
Wratsnn. Sotting Department. 
The Lftmnvty. Saalunwnn 
S09 SNH. as soon as possible 
Please Quote reference number 



We are recnjttaig mtonnuion 
systems end Mtocomnwv- 
catuns market analysts. Can 
you twite, speak, d**. and 
do you know the (T indus- 
tries? Look tor our advert in 
the Thursday Tones. 

The Yashas Grasp Esrops, 
The OU Frw School, 
George SL, Watford, 
Herts. WD1 B8X. 




Applications are invited for the appoint- 
ment of Head commencing tst September 

The post becomes vacant upon the retire- 
mem of Miss Y J Hand. 

The School is an Independent Day School 
of 860 pupils including a Junior School of 
170 aged 4-11 years. 

At present 30 places a year are awarded 
under the Assisted Places Scheme. 

Further particulars are available from - 
The Cleric to the Governors 
Governors’ Office, P O Box 25 
11 Market Street 

West Yorkshire, WF1 1DD 

Closing date for applications 
24th October 1986. 

&SS& 2 




Applications are invited for the post of Deputy 
Head at King’s School, Bruton for September 1st, 

The School is an H.M.C. boys’ boarding school 
with Sixth Form girls. Details can be obtained from 
the Headmaster, King’s School, Bruton, Somerset, 
BA100ED. 0749-813326. Applications, by October 
17th, should give a full curriculum vitae and 
names, addresses and telephone numbers of 3 

Prep & 



WMCH SCHOOL? Out toutws 
linu n Irrr and mwilnr Comr 
ana «* us Truman A 
himdilln 7o Lanina HIU Coir. 
Vklt in 01727 taWiTT* 

to possess strong manage^ — — ^ clerk 

further deto^may^^onse, Charlcombe Lane, 
^own S’Tel: Bath 313873. ^ 


‘ 66 Southampton Row. Hofoom WC1B 4BY 
iKtTODBM] mdfpwtttem Knah Farm t'rflt*. FnoatU 1927). 

C ottegeof 


■ The Royal College of Music requires a Bursar 
toaaBomeiwpoTBihaityas from August 1987. 
The successful applicant wiD be invited to join 
the staff for foe Summer Term, on 22nd April 
1987, to ensure a full term's handover period. 
The Bursar is the senior Don-academic 
Administrator, responsible to the Director on 
all matters relating to finance, maintenance 
and administration of non-academic staff. . 
Further details from. The Director, 

Royal College of Music. Prince Consort Road, 
London SW7 2BS- 

Applicatious. for which the closing date is 
H 31at October 1986, shouldi Delude Curriculum 
Vitae and name of twg referees. 

Wymondham College 

* Co-educational all-ability boarding school 
" Superior academic record 

* 800 pupils ages 11-18 

* Campus extends to 80 acres 

* Maintained for Norfolk Education Authority: 
fees are charged for boarding element only. 

e Prospectas and farther details froac- 

The Headmaster. 

Wymondham College 
Norfolk, NR18 9SZ, 



The demand for the trained man or woman dWopodisi in the 
prmrfe sectors mcreasmg. Uost of the wwg necessary to 
OUcWV tof A Msm rf] Cfunncvtu mnr m » akan it N w* Nu ixm*. 

* V 

“"New from Pitman" 

Ne» nunuvr warm from Oiapba in hiMiitu and ntba 

> hlU Noiho nhand Trunin* adudo l^niK, ftiKiph N Alco 

i y ** 1 nfttmee in <.<*4 piNcninKiMBm 

«“ll» For FuS dauh. piear ctmita 

Th» Teh (01) 837-4*81 

F WnCePtml Cetksc Pwrl*m.1J 

U4 Soatfcuttptoa Re* 


L— — l inuigTil 


A t e mporary teecftar Ml erne 
requred from 3rd o! Nowem- 
Der to tsscfr manly Metis to 
9-ID year okfe. 

Ptese apply to: 

The Headmaster, 

68 Kings Road, 
Richmond. Surrey 
TW10 EES. 




90 home study couses: 
‘OVA’, professional etc. 
Ask for free *Gukfe /s 
to Comes' / I 

qatey luatiDgaattofola 

Sodotofiy end Baamtira. 

Ask tor tree Cam b ridge 



National Extension 
College, Dept 80, 
Freepost Cambridge 

CB21BR. Tel (0223) 


fwptaaa-.W sofattay and 
Pta FowtatBfl tR-Upho. 

The Blackteath 
School of Aft 
01-852 3960, 

Cntiaicd « next pot 


-I'Tt-1 ‘/j- x.f<Mr ■fW.V.-. 






jrman T 
rty has lai 
5 attack c 
rty runs i 
motion ps 
Dry assoc 
anage del 
iis or 
ebbit, bis 
Iis me, wa 
hen the n. 
ided. loyz 
nybody to 
ley like if 
s into disi 
ie of a mt 


ative core 
rder thai 
so bland. 

udinous a 
[ebate". I 
ini shoui 


For the fi 
there will 
seniative z 
Despite r 
during the 
workers i] 
for applies 
passes, fi 
month wa 
over photc 
to CND, R 
national u 
retted tha- 
not dealt i 
CND’s M 
she will n 
eltine: “L: 
chat about 

• The for 
by the 

question r 

stay pern 
expect to s 
or 10 year 


the loose- 
of “Bongc 
the MoD 
outh M 
of the bii 


week and 
more th 
Wheeler I 
city.” He 
the other 


Among t 
against \ 
pool last 
West Dot 
school, it 
charity s 
rates. “T 
pie in n 
he said. ' 
case of b 
for Dane 



ist one 
as a p 
ago. T 
the tin 
may u 
bee n i 
:Vf»f £ 









at its 

at Wj 









Ths post is located in a Department centred on Office 
Systems and inf or mat io n Technology. Ca ndid ates 
I should have an Honours degree or equivalent ana 
I relevant teaching and/or business experience. Rele- 
vant areas nduos al aspects of business and office 
systems development and appBc at ions. mdudng As 
organisational Implications. 

The euccessfid applicant wffl be expected to ipravlde 
leadership In research, staff and curriculum develop- 
ment as well as contr&ute where appropriate to 
department admi nis tration. 



TTie ^vemews invite applications for this post which wffl become vacant on the retire- 
NESS ment ofMrs AnneMustoe. The successful applicant wffl take up the appointment in April 
or September 1987. 

IN Independent Boarding and Day School. There are 360 girts in the Senior 

°L w E 0m 315 txxwta* and over 100 are in the Sixth Form? The Preparatory 
LOGY School, St George’s, is adjacent ^ * 

uvfidatss The School is non-denomfriational. It has a strong academic tradition and great import- 
dent md ance is attached to career development and extra-curricular activities. 

C& fw 
md office 

iuefing its A car and an attractive house are provided. 

ajyoyidB PJeaee apply for further details to the Chairman of the Governors, 38 Morpeth 
5£te£ Mansions, Morpeth Terrace, SW1P 1ET. Tel: 01-828 9691. 


Senior Lecturer 

We are looklna far a sadunts (or someone complet- 
ing a degree) with relevant qualifications and 
experience to be the Course Organiser tor the Dt- 
ptama in .Health -Visiting -course. The Department of 

tng a degree) with relevant queMcabons and 
experience to be The Course Organiser tor the Dt- 
ptama Bi-HeaJthVfeiting- course. The Department of 
Health and Nuretng StucBes is a dynamic Department 
and offers basic degree and posttwuc nursing 

Deparxfng on quafifications the successful canefidate j 
would be expected to contribute to other pro- 
grammes in the Department; it would be desirable, 
but not essential to have a RMN/RNMD qualflcafion. 

SAURY SCALE: £14/461 - £18456 (BAR) Z18£31 

Lecturer and Senior Lecturer appointees may be efr- 
gible for conskteration for Readership designation in i 
accordance with College procedures. 

App fi c a tion forms from ttrec- 

The closing date for applications will be 3 November. 


Westminster School 

Sixth Form Scholarships 1987 ^euowsiups 

WW wh£ii shall pc w a B dwcio* 

aryw OTnnercE. wtfi B«WencrbOTJMntt iH* 

or naan) sw 

env w E*2 e .22 B ' 

i» as»] date for «*»»» ■ « ^ ^ 

Father croton "SWW K 

Frtowhcs Companon a Sl CStwne s Coaege. 

(0223) 338350. 


The College proposes to e£ct an Official! Me* md 
Tutor in Philosophy, with eflect from 1st OctobK. • 
The post is open to meo and women, and it a ihpped trwi 
eventually a part-time University Lectureship win tie 
associated with the POSL 
Further information may be obtained fro®***?. 

Jp yia Crdlese. Oxford, who should receive applications by 
6th November. 1986. 


The College invites applications from men and women 
lor two Junior Research Fellowships open to candidates 
in tending to panne research in Law or in Mathematics. 
The Fefitwsmps will be tenable for two to three yean 
from Ist October. 1987. 

Further particulars may be obtained from the Principal, 
Jesus College, Oxford, to whom applications must be sent 
no later than 6th November. 1986. 

' LLB 

bachelor of laws 


Three vear degree courses. 

.Correspondence • Entry: 3^ A 2 Wj® 


Three war degree count* • ^ . 

> Full and Part-time. Entry 3 "Os & 2 ^ 

‘A’ Levels 


One year courses ' V '. ’;.' 

Full-time or Correspondence. Exetifetriracy^ 
V standards and t he best careen c bua;^%|;.^ 

t Hoi boro Law Ttators » PepU&jiiffV 

200 Cwywwad ftail 
London WI4 9RV . 
Telephone: 01-3&53377: 


EstaftflsM 1«89 •. 

SCETMDT LEW. TtfflNH ;y : \. -\ 

Tha oldest and most e*D arianead TUrorteCDlte 
m London - . -y 

A taw places wit m soma subfacte, 

For Prospectus: 

103 Great Russell Street. London WCTB ^A 
TeWphoner 01*580 4878 (2* 

to be reteraed wHHi 14 fays ri As 


AScpttisti Central Institution 

■ Sctolyshns are oflered to boys and ahls wi sl ino to enter 
the sixth form at We s t m inster inSeptember 1987. Awards wll 
be made oi the basis of academic posmtial, all rsund abWy 
aid financial need. 

'Both day and boanfing pupfls are edgdto. The value of 
increased in cases of need. 

•Written taste will be held at We st men s t e r on 24th January 
1987, ami final interviews on 7th February. An Open Day ts 
also hen for candidates and their parents to visit the school. 

*Spedbl c on sidera t io n mU t» given to caftbtes for whom 
there is no provision in their present school to study their 
preferred a level subjects. . 

‘The dosing Date is 30 November 1986 
Full details may he obtained from The Ragferor. Westminster 
School, Little Dean's Yard. London SWIPTTel 01-222 5516 



Under the Foundation of Sir John and the fate Lady 
Thouron, applications are 'invited, before 7th November 
1986, from unnamed candidates for SIX AWARDS of 
the value of approximately $9,900 each plus tuition fees 
and tenable for ore year from 1st September 1987. at 
the postgraduate level in any recognised department of 
study in the UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA, Philadel- 
phia, U.SA 

Prospective applicants should send » stamped (i 7 p) and 
addressed 10" xT' the Registrar (Tlwuron 

Awards), University of Glasgow. Glasgow, G12 800. 


British Gas Senior Research 


The successful candidate wll be expected to liaise dosdy with British Gas and 
it is expected that applicants wffi establish a dialogue with appropriate British 
Gas research station! s) before submitting their applications. 

Candi d ates must be British citizens or citizens of a Commonwealth 
country and must hold tire fellowship in a university or polytechnic depart- 
ment in tire United Kingdom. Applicants should preferably be under 40 on 1 
January 1987. 

The appointment will be tenable for five years from 1 January 1987 (or 
another date to be arranged) and may exceptionally be renewable for a funner 
two years, such renewal being co na eterea at the end of the fourth year of 
tenure. The stipend scale will be £1 5,995 x £541 to £18.139 oer annum (scales 

(enure. The stipend scale will be £1 5,995 x £541 to £18,159 per annum (scales 
as al 1 Aprij 1985), and tire point of entry wiD be determined by CounciL 
Superannuation benefits win oe provided and. where appropriate, London 
Allowance. Some provision for research exprases wfll be available. 

race, Loudon, SW1Y 





■eHedi Metical and 

Burial Schaals 

Expenanred Secretary required 
tor the Staffing Officer in busy 
Staffing Office at SL Thomas's 

manly audio is essentn, mth a 
pleasant telephone manner and 
ability to communicate with 
staff at alt levels. Wort pro- i 

cessmg an advantage (Training 

Satay £8551 - £8511 per 
annum inclusive for 38 hour 
week plus proficiency aHow- 
ances for ixcogased 

Tl l aH i w B1 -9M Kl 
rrtririaa 3209 
far farther fariamttaa 



Scpcrb start far switched on 
rall<«p leaver to ww* in the 
tor office of this interna- 
feral tiXrt. WJ. AH general 
OTtrUnal dnfea and jfood 
pnmwciowl preaperta far the 
rert* pewcm 


miUi puMniwn -okI sale* mn 
■wMMiin m Hie USA and all 1 , 
«%rr BnuinlOTtMsIrurrratloii ! 
■al Booh Company Gull young 
wrrrtjrv wnn a IKUr expen- 
mki* or a rofirqr lea\er. Coodi 
•mirWikil Jklltr. wnn or wHn-l 
oul SH rcs.000 can snian 
WiiHaim S83-IOM MemilUl 
Scon Recrunronu 1 

EXECUTIVE Secrrlar>/pa IB-30 
17.500 Cl 0.500 plm Cirriltnl 
rontnuny IvnrilB Suprrt CJ- 
rrn opportunity nlli-ting 
Iramino lor a Pnolil pnvm with 
good tap n SN/bD ykHla. At 
weuni lo a young Vice fYpa 
flmt in our Markeung a, 
Kvtlrim gioup In It* W End.' 
vou will nr imotced in Hie con- 
ilani lianon with Europe A 
NmVork Langs are useful 
and using PC'S A, 
mmputen PVar rmg 

Casurdau Ol 485 401 1 

Iv rammq for a warury wHIl 
«mf work experience, wmtim 

Uni will known company 
V our rofr o lo cfyordinale a 
npeoaiMI (MU handUng items of 
tuslonc mmed. Lois of ianHy 
and inioJi emenl. Good skllb 
•00/501 nsrnlial. Aor VO* 
Please Irfepfione 01-403 5787 
Gordon vain .Comuitaney 

nmfCH a cosmctks xsjon 

,* rn tew a young secretary 
wiih good French Is needed lo 
loin the prra and PR depart- 
ment of inn leading cosmetic 
and fragrance House 40/60 
skill* needed Salary miew af- 
ter 3 mown* P5easr I ri ephone 
oi 340 3511/3531 tweu End) 
or OI S403S51 ICKVk □izabeoi 
Hunt Recnillrariii ConsuHants 

20-v 100/GQ/WP wllh I mcrnl 
In education and tech n ology to 
organ nr and co-ardtnatc the ar- 
InlUes of small, young team. 
Dirty. sUmutaUng- working a<- 
tiwKphece. Promfnenl Co In' 
WCI. 0 weeks hois. Sal £8.000. j 
Phone MHIer McNM Rec CM 
437-0470 or 734-376B- 133.. 
Oxford Sir ref. 1 

ADVEwrama see sh n nm 
necewary lo work for Ihe CJlefM 
Handling ExrciHne m nm 
friendly wi Agency Goad lup- 
Ing and WP rmri W ncr esanu(al | 
bui as imparunt win oe your 
abtuu- lo deal with cHenta. sup- - 
phera Hr Age 18*. now call! 
Andrea on OI 639 7838 Bamen ■ 

cotueue Leaser m none ersna. 
PtradiHy. £6X100. You Win 
need J pleasant personality and 
accural# typing uraining gAfen 
on Vi p I Shorthand not re- 
quired Pul an interest in 
organising lour* mailing and 
me mP epunp la a must. Ago I7+-. 
Bernadette of Bond Street. OI- 
639 1304 

cawi/rm secretary /Reccp- 
ttonul required lor young and 
surcnisrul compuler company 
in WI Flexible attitude and 
good ivmng mana. EMHient 
prospects lor pt w rewi wfiMn 

i the company Aoe 31 30. Sala- 
ry CS.OOO. Pleas# call Angela 
Mortimer Ud on 01429 9686 
iBrr Const 

mwu imum. a louoh or 
numeracy some office etip and 
d bright prnonalHy win secure 
super opportunity lor 19-20'lsh 
person who wlH aporeclalr 
friendly rCHMwrattan In IMs 
Berkley Sa Co cXB.OOO + bo- 
nus. Cl 30 pd LV’S. super hinoe 
bens Joyce Cumns 01-389 
8807/0010 i Hoc Com) 


requires competem. rafiablB *8Cte- 
lay mill ozaKrt lypmg aid 91 
speeds to bs resnnbie to 2 Di- 
rectors and prande back-up tor ore 
buy sales team. Eaxfcrt appor- 
Unty to leam about the Nine trade. 
Salary accordng to experience 
Phase phone: 

Ctane GordoB-anram 

01-637 0387 . 

ADvcamaw pa ciclooo. th* 
MD Of llm mull agency IS look- 
ing for a persanamie PA wnn 
good secretartal HUNs M Help 
mm run lus office. He travels a 
hH so you must be capeobl# of 
I holding the fori and dealing 
I with clients etc Age 23+. Ptoase 
call Andrea an Ol 629 7838 
Barnet l Media 

MCRfTOCT Partners- PA/iec i 
with S/H C9.SOO -GW School- ! 
My If Boss who ts appreciative of 
good sec skim and ywa- backus 
lo run everything smoothly, li- 
aise wim clients and get 
Im-ohea with award winning 
protects. WC3 Age lair 301 - 
Cm ml Carden Bureau. 
IIO Fleet SC. EC4 363 7Mt 


Young partner of wen-known 
Prooertv Comp an y wants a PA < 
to work wnh kn and wnen the 1 
secretarial side Is completed.- 
can accompany Mm round the 
properties. Oood audio or shon- 
Itand he doesn't mnd which. 
30+ . rCU.BOO. 583-1034 Mer- 
edith Scon Reu m line in. 

METICS Well known beauty 
hath# special Mng in products 
for young people, requires on- 
UwJiaH young Secretary lo 
assw tnetr Marketing Manager 
resoonabi# for f raga n eles. As 
woU as providing full secrrunal 
support, you wui be res ponsIWe 
for ordering samples and deal- 

i Ing with vtsKtng ugpllrn 

EwrUotu nm Mb and good sal- 
ary for college leaser. Age IB . 
20 BenefHa Include 40A> 
dhcounl on company products. 
Skills 80/60 nneaae Appofnl- 
menis Uo. 01-499 9176. iRer 

COUXOE Leaver .Recruumem. 
Maylaw No shorthand or Au- 
dio required, [only accural# 
lypmgi bui a bouncy personal 
ity and Men- enquiring mind a 
must Trammg given on ail of- 
fice egutpoent. Age 18* 
E7-SOO Bernadette of Bond 
Street 01639 1300. 

B^XB-lpm P/T Secretary wall . 
educated wnn good 
shorthand.- -Finno. some audio, 
seif motnatlon and nesdbUUy 
needed lo torn full ome Sec of 
VIP In Mews house near Baker 
Streel. Super lob and salary 
Jus-re Guineas 01689 
8807/0010 tRec Oorts) 

Gltoo tor PA/Soe, Me aots. 
100/60/WP Work dosety with 
young dynamic esscuttva. as- 
SIM him in Ms new 
responsUXMUev He Is cheerfia 
and cMhuslasUc and run id 
wort with. Prom fn enl Co ha 
wca. Phone Miner McNtsti Use 
CUns 437-8476 OT 734-3768. 
1*3. Oxford arwt 

teOUP Asd 20*1 offered new 
lional uuuu st uu l ly lo work with 
head of dept of Ms CSV Adver 
Using Group part k apaiuig al 
Executive level. Own secretary, 
wui cwaNlrafe depL deal with 
ettents. organise propos a l pee- 
seniauaus and amt wtm 
cmdUentlal correapaadann. 
wdt need shorthand typing 
90/Sa CX9.000 Xmas bonus, 
fringe benefits. Joyce Guineas 
01-589 8807/0010 (Rec Qomi 

Lively marketing - very sue-' 
erssfid. Dirty young co seek 
safes w for sports/lctsure pro- 
moUoii- Varied, knwing rate 
helping M ran Be office; 
organMng dmi mformaUan: 
tufptng to' ca-onUnaic cxMM- 
hons etc. You should be brlghL 
un-the-ban: with good typing 
and drtvUMh -Uoence. Salary 
SL7.SOO. Age 19*. Please le*e- 
pMnc 01-409 IZXa The Work 

LOST SOULS! - this sroaU Itnn of 
Genealogists re se arch family 
trees lor private clients and -are 
looking for a good audio were- 
lary. Providing Ml secraarlal 
s sip pon lo the Ownran and 
gener a lly running the office, 
you should have initiative, com- 
mon sense and fast audio 
tymng Age 23-40. Salary 
c£9-SOO Please t e lephone 01- 
493 9787. Gordon Vans 

fkcmcu secasnunr in pia- 
USMngl Bt-ttngnai aeowary for 
salei /adverttsmg manager deal- 
ing with West Africa. He travels 
1 a Id. so aMIMy to wgr* on own 
- tniUaUve and lake on resgonsl- 
bfuiy ataoiutety essential. 
EBjOOa Merrww Etna Agy rme 
Language specMMU 01-636 

Mean Cert pfeg from young dy- 
namic architect for person to . 
act as Ms right-hand and nm 
the office for lum. Usual were- , 
larlal skffia required. Further , 
details Stuart WBMam BBS 
1034 Meredith Scott j 

AUCTION HOUSE £7.000 ■ love- 
ly opening for a secretary with 
some work ewertenre. within 1 
this wen-known com pany . 
Your role is lo cfnardhyde a 
cpecialU dent ftandtbig Hems of 
Msurw interest. Lots of variety 
and involvement Good stdOi 
190/60) essential. Age 3Q+. 
Please telephone 01-493 6787 . 
Gordon Yates Consultancy. 

rarer . JO B BE R Girl Friday 
typtal/recepuoptst- A reM M CtOT - 
al designers tn Overt Garden. 
Fun omcen Someone very pre- 
sentable. £7.000 + bonus 

scheme. Please caB Mrs Byzan- 
tine Ol 222 6091 NORMA 

be received not later than 14 November 



Mgp office nteds someone S 
mi days a peek to woric rei a 
specffic project. Maturity, charm, 
fiexatttty and rehahddy at essen- 
Ud m tcepng people, debvenes 
and paper wot opto the mark. cE5 
per hour. 

Cental Earns a 589 B22& 



Mortnnp iiniion then vVi the 
rest ofthcdai. Living ntlha 
french bmil* m iter com (on ; 
aWe ctuhn tiemg Moot Blanc, i 
Language uughi to all levels 
according to requircmenu. : 
Busmen. Cuhml c.Lc. 
Write: Lejmr 
74920 CombkwxBr call 
010 33 50 5867 66 
or 21 05 09 19. 

The London 
Academy of i 

sans (be oeu academic 
year of its 3- year diploma 
course on ibe 15th October- 
One 2-hr lesson p.w. 
TetOl 351 7498 (ewainjs) 


IN 1987? sSSmZZWU 

rtpuiii d u 

G Ct ' O' of 'A' Itwl 1 Apptyg*g sawtart. 

UCCAo.Wr’GreAuhag’ hore..t«t tort ^*§5 

NOW IS THE TIME It taastitt swSraT^ Jr'SS 

m tot e»|H mwi a wi rad MHVil Hbsa! 

gwdam. Fiu brechan; USaAluratortirafeto. 


XiX 90 Qouce s terWaw.Wl 

• • • m-93SM»|3«hre) 


German day wnansiva 
courses atelenwitry 
and intermadian 
I levats starting 27lh 
October. 4 woeks. 3 
hours daily, fee E75 
Also courses tn 

Goethe Institute, 
50 Princes Gate, 
London SW7 

Tel: 01-581 3344/7. 

r : v 

VlVilM' | *r' 



JiWy *Pa>lU 


iDurwi m l 
CoUrgr Pb. . 

(■a 4 tarefcv purl 
17th Nm C« 8 t Rni ‘-gp 4 

pgup»«. IB 

don WiV 

THE Q Um r » MCSMHi 

Cofege 2324 OuHMto 
PUsr. London Sw.ja 
Phsw wrtte or It h aa m . 
orowrtuv QI-6TO Ci 
or 01 -Ml 8331 


-BUS Pitogn ranapuny- no s/h 
j Rmon Friday to Mndr an sec- 
j retarlM and admhustranon 
I work lor a I up. Cost gotpg and 
| imnda) demon group. Good 
1 tyotoo. and bvety McttioK 
manner. Age range 22-aS. Sau 
' nr range taOKSjoa For 
further detalk please contact 
I Lury MaUlapd on Ol Ml 
■ 2977/2947 al Jan* 
CnMhwaHe twidaneni can* 
su lt a n t Ud. 2] Beauchamp , 
■' Ptacv. Londkm SW3 I 

i SPORTS Sports Sports m Yes. we 
are looWng Sor a sporting mOiu- 
stasl lor a lap name P u blishers \ 
with a tremendous range of 
Sporttag Titles S/M skats need- I 
, ed £7.000 Covert Garden 
Bureau, no Fleet SL E04 3S3 | 

SIT P u blt slUti g company j 
typtst/organuer wanted. Age 
2«+ Satao> n egotiable. Might 
sun experienced person return- 
ing to wot*. Tel Ol 831 1131. 
Ask for Jade Durkin 

co. No SAf. I yr rap. Ganrer 
proapects. £7-6.600 u-. can 
NalalU. Ted any. Ot 736 9RS7 

for anbaor Ms based In house 
W9 3 days. One for MD of PR ! 
every afternoon. SW6 then WI. 
Good typing rusty shorthand. 
Ring 01 493 8824 Judy 

Farquhareon Ud. (Rec Cana) 47 
New Bond SL WI. 

SURVEYOR Holland Park re- 
gutrn pan-time bright 
eninimasur secretary lo deaf 
with lus dally affairs - audio 
typing. lOam-Hpm nraWe. 
£5.00 per hour. Julia 229 6696 

Flower Shop. Book-keeping. 

■ Good Salary. Apply evenings 
584 1839. 




Conversational German and good 
W.P. experience can lead to career 
development with an International 
Bank m the City involving an in- 
creasing amount of research.' 
Shorthand useful and a natural abil- 
ity io communicate a great asset 
Age raid 20's. 

£ 10,000 

The General Manager of a comaM* 
rial company basal in the WesK; 
End needs a ‘PA. plus' to frmdfe a" 
busy, demanding job widi kn ef 
organising and admin. 

Take advantage of your fiuent lao- 
guage and W.P. skiHs to stall, 
yourself on a real career. Aga2*fc. 

International Secretaries 

01-497 7100 

01-491 7100 

A SUPER P.A/Secretary 24- 
29rti wui cnioy working with 
■hr New Products Manager of 
orominml S.W.I drinks co. 
Good accwrti shorthand. IBM 
PC. Mint nave cool idem per- 
sonality. able lo handle cbm 
notion and stand IP for manage- 
ment during absences abroad. 
e.Cn.OOO + fringe benefits. 
Joyce Gainess 889 8807/0010 
■Rec Const. 







A wide range of management appomtmems appears 
every Thursday 


HEEN WELLIES’ - presttgMus 
Mayfair retailer seek* well-spo- 
ken and M MSirt young sales 
awWrt/wtntary Working as 
Dart of a small leant you wfll be 
involved in promoting tnetr 
mail order service, computeris- 
ing their stock and wristing 
with mtidriev Age IN. Salary 
Efa-SOO. Pirase telephone Ol- 
495 8787 Gordon Yates, 


men! Banking with this 
prestigious Mayfair based com- 
pany varied role assisting a 
Director and apeewn and oc- 
casionally handling Mtarary 
Information. Good typing and 
min i years work exp. Age 
20*. Please Ifiephone 01-483 
5787 Cardan Yak* 
Consul lancy 

tCHOOL Secretary reoulrod id' 
organise busy office. This is a 
fun tone pod and wouM euH a 
mature person without family 
comm l iineiuk Salary and Iwn 
by negotiator with live head 
unstress. P lease write giving 
full driaite andlhe nanmsgf ref- 
erees la The HimlnrtiliuhL 
Francis Holland School. 39 
Graham Terrace. London. 

£9.000. CM Irto the last lane 
with Hut dynamic tog name ad 
agency. They create TV and 
Press adi reusing to a last mov - 
ing. Involving environment. 
Arts! (hr Doit In researcMag 
and planning new run mesa ten- 
tores. Fad. ac cura t e typing and 
aUeasi 6 months work experi- 
ence iwnttil- Please telephone 
01-409 1233 The Work Shop. 

£10.000 ExpBieuced COOvry- 
anctng secretary^ Then flue lop 
WI property company would 
like to meet you 1 experienced 
uiigatton sremaryr Then loin 
ih» lea di ng firm WOovert Gar- 
den nttciiore as secretary to a 
partner. Pxw Ktephonr 01 
240 3si 1/3631 (West End) or 
01 240 3061 iCttyL EHzabeUa 
HUiMJ^ccruiOnent Co»»uH4p»*- 

and busy fhm of West End 
Chartered Surveyors nee ds a 
wefi prevented and well mohaa 
recent kin W-CobhaM & Davies 
RrcruHmenl Ltd- 33 Bruton 
Place . London WI Tel Ol 493 

SECRETARY £12.000. Short- 
hand not e s sen t ial to assM Uw 
Director and HR Ram in thtt 
bray W.l executive search 
company Lots of chert contact , 
and wpi typing contort. Caa I 
Mary Graves IH8C COWS! 01 637 | 
6377 i 

leading IMm of property dnrt- , 
open seeks a PA/ Secretary hi | 
IMtr Chief executive'. 80/56 j 
stills needed. PRase tetsphone 
Ol 240 3611/3531 (WeM Ehdl 
OTOl 2403661 iCSlyLOHaMh 
Hum ReeruRmcm Cowsuttants. 1 
AOVERTEMHC Careers £7^00 
o ff ered lo bw p it. young we r e - | 
lartM who see media as their i 
fldure. WUh lains of 80/50 (col- 
lege leavers welcome*, can 
Hodge Recruument on 629 i 
8963 j 

CO LU ME Leaver Sec ■ Top Peo- 
ples aob need well spoken ■ 
I umor ger with confident typing 
to help run Courses and Confer- I 
ences ,18+ Covert CaMa ' 
Bureau, no Fleet SL EG4 363 
7696 I 

FULHAM £105004- Park your I 
car outside (he office when you \ 
tan um to formal company as , 
Office Manager /PA loan extro- * 
vert partner, wnn good typing i 
A WP knowledge call Hodge Re- 
cruKmenl on 629 8863 
c n ami voealong toortery for 
IWtmaUanal bank In the cuy to 
work for lovety leant Perfect 
. opportunity for 2nd lobber wtm 
good atolls 1 1 00/60). Package lo 
£10-000. iniernauoaal Secre- 
taries. 01491 7100. 
FERSOHHEL ICC S/T for superb 
pubbf company. Wordstar «a» 
deurabiF 30 * sal up lo 
£11.000 -4 eecettvnt perks. 
Phase phone 01 222 5091 
NORMA SKEMP Personnel 

440400 PLUS 91 21 pira tar 
nunagerfctol with 100/60 sec- 
marui stews to wm In 
Mayfair luxury omens of ser- 
vtoe company with 
iMemanonai cUentaL 
Pttone Ol 439 1191. 

Fiopnrry naooo Pmtesuoo- 

I M PA sougM tor delightful -aid 
school- md of this repuuMF 
WI firm. Relaxed, friendly, at- 
mecohere 90/66 skl»t rewire* 
Cau Hodge Recruumert on 629 

*®CR*TARY. rarty 20^ (2nd 
Jobber?! n you have style, 
good audio A WP skllb. and 
woum Hke io work with top en- 
trepreneurs m luxurious of Ares 
wt. Ptoasr M O r l gr avto . Mrs 
Prosser 884 3&44 
I WE wu. MARRY- your any ■ 
Uonal allround suns and 
imnacutale presentMton wfth a 
top mb m Swi/3 or wi/a 

Why Pot contact us none for a 
chat Ring Beigravla. Mn 
Pros ser 8*4 28d« 

IWU61Y oraffMtonal rifflee 
seeks young sec/re ap t with 
word piuceuing and audio ex- 
perience to tom bunr team; 
Salary neg TXeohone Annabei 
on 01 336 »43 
Good lyotog. S/M pref. Banking 
rapertence onntM. eaceUtoii 
saury jj.c Par deu#c 
Meirgw Entp AW (The U»- 
guage SpeaaibW0l-«36 1489 

creme de la creme 

******* SEC H3+ with min 1 
years rap and 6Crtsh typing will 
be welcomed tty (he lop end of 
me Lepal world wca. win 
work tn luxury and earn 
C9MOO pa i rev tewed after 3 , 
mthM. £160 pd LVX. BLiPA 
etc. Joyce Gutoeso 02-669 , 
8607AXI10 <Rac Cons] | 

UMM/WiCUXOv - sought by 
pffvau Offlep nr Kensington 
MW> SbeeL Lot's of people con- 
tact and admin challenge, 
aradvmte pre f erred. Typing 
AOwren. please telephone 01 - 
493 S7S7. Gordon YW» 

X SH Senior secretaries required 

for fast moving A expanding 

MavFaM- Company Competitive 
salaries. Excel lert career pras- 
Pects Please write with CV 
Ready to BOX F32. 

R f L BS SUA L Engush/French sec 
rrhjry 21+ good sUUs .Needed 
for West End Investment 
Bank. Director Secretaries Ol 
639 9323 

CTWAM speaking Pg sec senior 
Sudbury on Thames Eneg. Abo ; 
tumor german w-ttoguai sec for , 
city co £neg Ot 404 4664 Car . 
refour Agy ] 

ten SEC to assist adram oHicor 
with staff reudond. office- man 
agement 6 lei Uatson Good 
Ed IX Tb £9.000. Woodnuse 
i Roc Cons. Ol 404 4646 
■JfNUK ClOOOOal 22- Superb 
opening for young secretary to 
I start In ihe City Directors Sec 
retanes 01 609 9323 
apURCUAL Sec c £9.900 with 
SH and fluent Sfunin Subs 
murt ga ge- Age 19-25. Tel Ol 
248 B6S6 Centre Cui Etnp Agy 
• regs. p/Ume Sec. Sun married 
wgman. 2 days pw. Ol SBO 
9944 or 09776 3164. 

ITALIAN SEC For Marketing 
Manager. Saks Admin No 
S/H £8.800 * Review. Call 
Natalia Tea agy Ol 736 9657 
FA c-Cl l .000 + sort mortgage . 
SH required for sec aged 21- 
30. Tn 01 348 5656 Centre Gn-f 

tCCBT«Rttt for Aimtects & 
Designers PU’lMMU 6 (eitoto- 
rary oosluona. AMSA S p ecU i M 
Rec. Cons. 01 734 0632 
BUTCH ape ak tog secretary city 
CD. £aeg 01 404 4854 Carre- 
four Am , 

BRAD/AV. Knowf. typing and 
wp. Pramects. W8. c£ 
Kens Rec Con Ol 938 2151. 
KNMKTSBM06E Estate Agents 
require lemporary aecrelary 
8/17 Ori 861 4103 
PA SEC With SH- £10-400 * bo- 
nus. Hrs 10 - MOpm Tel 01 
246 S6S6 Outre GW £mp Agy 
PA SEC Wnn rusty sh eiijooo 
tor Property CO. Tfl OI B48 
5666 Centre GM Emp Agy 
C7 30 0 Language Staff Agy 486 

SPANHM/EngH&h cortege leaver 
Typi ng CT JOO. Language Staff 
466 8923 . 


£11,000 pins 

Joint Chairmen of expanding investment bold- 
ing Company require experienced secretary. 
Fast accurate skills required (100/60), WP ex- 
perience, organisation and administration of 
office systems, numerate and self motivated. 
Aged 22-35. Pension scheme with life 

Please send CV and details to: 

W. Bauchop, CA, 

4 Park Place, London, SW1A 1LP 


- We work HbbMb hours under mno oresan 


You are 2S+ 

: 1££ ffiSTSSteS'* 1 A *** 

• Dm tea nfflahw and tn uanty 

- An a last and accuse audto typta wttt Wordstar expertace 
OPraw nprar eipmepeg and knortedga ol ttw canstratOon Induary ai 

^. h ?^^ aj35,Sca ‘ ,lw aid CV lo Kalfi Wnwk. S.B TMi & Partiws. 
MVM Macun Strep. Loudon WC2S 5NF (Ti 01-242 




Salary ll2£QQ. 

European Marketing Headquarters of American <tK***J 
Company seeks, for ns new Hoi bora offices, an eapcriOKrt 
shorthand scoeory. ^tiBg aadw m4 wp mjj 
you tnuUL enjoy working with r«ura/ctarts/»«hnio^ iotonra- 
non. Other dimes io rndnde making Wortdw&e n»«i 
arianrameiiu and .willingness to help in the day-to-da? fOBWd 
of a busy office is essential. Age 25+ and non watte. . .,/• 
Please reply with fen CV. ft 
1/3 Newton Street, 

London WC2B SEL. - 
Attention: Etrijne Pfaifeut 


c£ 11 , 000 pa 

. Dredora of m International 
property company with a 
small a ttracti v e Wast End 
office in the Cavendbfa Sq. 
area reqnire a person with 
shoithand/audio. Sdb 
100/00. A pteasant outgo- 
ing per sonal ity and good 

£9,500 & 

Exacutiw! Search Partner ftm- 
ditionti OM School style) at 
one of tte tin firms needs 
PA/Sec whh S/H and oanlf- 
de« swai sWte to teal idndfy 
wd tniy wan Ngp poffie 

_ 353%% 

An International Flavoitff 

Experiawcd Seetearf/TA far Ambsm Mfi of touluSt>fJ 
Corapanr bated tn Victoria. SWT. . ■-+ 

Thh i reertaring portion offan a pfc&Raa and friradly ’^‘^2 
enriTo mneiit wnhin a than rapt of food (bopping 
Banks and Vksoria Station. 

Aged J ^*.good ripuic indtoofThand stags areregnitglOitlifi 1 
appro* 40% of ii»e portion). 

AManing ratar of £9^0 ts oflbretf wgfshiT jrth 
aMn P* n ? fenefits which utdude a uitokt i— l tuff laSsurefA, 

Ftt fmrtktf dttaih platu atepi uw Mn. Bmtf W ihifitUJt- 
(No kP-nrirt bkRrtT^ . 


oppc nwwei far 

Hy* yyte » «*» » 

m many wm i mw. 

SL 1 *" W Msretaral 


01-580 7413 

tip Hat Steal EC4 

THS TdSniSTihe Sodas' hris ioldi" 'itan M ihe ihr« Rs.’ or'ihM 

’He" will 'give nothing 

roinicm cunar - rxnc-inmipfc-iawie.- 

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sound SWW. ate i 
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eiftSJ* SH0 * 

£10,S@§ + packaM 

^*”<**td . WFttBiSS 


w-tech sec 
E®* total ms acre 

gu i Bsj2\rt2 

BBBra aS .grasps 

eeSSKSss SSgAtrsr 

s™s °™ *s gs.Ti'asfis 

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J^^Wa^OMaetay Jo* m« ta Co. wfcg mrta rer jtai g ynt* r yiM t ate State bb 

“* * to wreak, sh/wp 

yWOtjMlW S it ciuBi U M - toning on eaawitar sZmyZi gP ^j^rT*”"* * ** ” 

^_^ri>neTv»yi«mioisokM^ mMer Mp «*s$ la jasue i » 

taw Host Shoda hoe ”d fltt ww ton Hat SSJff S^EaSre ?X2i 

““W»wmw "* «Wn*.LV**SUSL&rtr 3S5?£5»5»?*»SS 

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0 ^^ 4812345 QTY: 01-4812345 ! CITY: QW81Z345 

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£ 10,000 


Vtofkirig as a Manpower temporary isn't easy . . . but who wants rt 
easy? Our sla(J is assigning you where you can use your skills. 
Which, we have to confess, keeps you pretty busy. Our clients osk 
us for trouble-shooters; capable, competed, conscientious. 

• Executive Secretaries 

• Information Technicians • O A Operators 

Could you cope? 

L Cqgutnow. 

O MANPOWER Tel: 225 0505 

Temporary Staff Spcriajiw 

& hour onswnng saves 

V\\r £8-£1 0,000 + comm 

__V* Rtz Recnjitment is one ot the leading Consultancies op- 

eratmo in the Secretarial & Administration fields. 

Our West End Team are an informal, hard working group of Consultants who 
am to premie our clients with a service equalled by only a few m our industry. 
A challenging step awaits a Very Special Person keen to succeed. 
are available to a aales-orientated personality. 

Call in confidence 
Margaret Bray 629-4343 


TELEPHONE: 01-629 4343 . 


| Major Art Gallery I 

I (£10,000 B 

y r\ g 

O client, a respected and prestigious an gallery, needs a ^ 

< career-minded secretary to work dasefy with senior management in the 6 
3 day-to-day running of the gallery. Z 

S H 

Z The work is demanding and varied; c om b inin g secretarial work £ 
n took a substantial organisational content. > 

p < 

gj Excellent shorthand, typing and personal preservation are essen- W 

dial, as are your abQitm in both written and spoken communication. A Z 

m graduate with previous work experience aged 23-30 would be ideal >£ 


m 8 Golden Square, London WL S 

r* Td: 01-439 6021 . 2 


! naramrcMBoinns 

jun a rea ww i ti m 
ctnjm sew 

0 n M Br MB II h Mm 
INMl admiI liicMif to t 
BMaMMnnP) mm* 
W KM B6 tw woiW B Mt M4 

Jg J)bb z?a now m 
'em nMvouq^BMe 
e a truth MminllOMI 
tart mm no, mS«m 
ana r'f‘ 

Fm taftn Mata plan 

n V^et%m^a. m 

f CflOnEWflQ ^ 


Die managna dreaor erf tha wed known commodity brokers 
is seeking a senior secretny wth previous director level 
experience. Abfflyto iaralte your mm correspondence, meet 
WS and genenfly organse bis oHjcb essential. SkOs 
80/50. age 26+ . 


Bfcetf n the rural department of one of London's top Maytar 
surveyors, you wW hamfle thp adwrttanfl/ffl for Ute said ol 
wythma tom stately homes to (arms and Dallas style Ot- 
tos. The aMrty to isep a cod head when it’s toy and to 
handle yow own protects is essential. Skate 80/55 + WP 
experience needed. 

please MepOm: 01-499 8070 
46 Old Bond Street London UL1. 


O n Wednesday we rev keeping jfac office 
open after hours to see young secretaries 
who find it bard in meet ns earing die day. 
Below is jngt a small selection of our current 

TV to ^9^00. Join the very busy m aita in g 
division of this comp any associated with the tele- 
visi op ind ustry. 90/50 ddOs needed. 

IN THE NEWS to £gfi00. Join this 
daily newspflier as secretary to to editor. 80/50- 
skills needed. ... 

DESIGN to X7,590l A busy fttyn pi prodact 
-dea g nen i needs ryopng i e fawn yfHfliCT college 
leaver or 2nd ioUxr, with 50 wpm typing. 
Please tekpbane 01 240 3511 for an 
appo im mem. 

* Elizabeth Hunt • 

v ReauirnentGonsulQrts / 

Vv 2-3 Bedfeid Steel tendon WC 2 sy 


A chaOenaxig position witb a prafasiora! firm in Ow Cify. Use 
your good supennsory and communicaton skils as you manage 
a (Bam of operators, liaise with Us«s. assart priorities and be 
responsible for back-up procedures. The successful caoWafe 
will have at least 2 years experience on the 552) and be fuOy 
conversant with Rto Application. A chance not to be mbsadl 
Telephone Maggie Breeder NOW on 


— 5 YSTEMS — 

IB nuaoJMy AM** inrrtmW3naw 


For immediate temporary 
secretarial assignments, 
01-439 0601. 


Tha Managina Partner of me- 
dium she Qty SoEdtors is 
correMiysainiD a PA to as- 
sist ten both with bis top- 
notch conveyancing clients 
and help out with Partnership 
matters. You art enjoy a var- 
ied and interesting work-load 
- Ms of admMstraiiort. litets- 
teg with sad at afl hush, 
dealing with c on fidenti a l 
work. ate. 



C fl Cfl Q 

Small up-madM sofidtors m 
the heart of Mayfair seek a 
young Audio Seottery with 
some previous Company Law 
experience. A good 'tetepbone 
manner, self motivation and 
fhe abiSfy to work on yow own 
Mfiafivo are essential Lux- 
urious offices and the very 
latest in otto atpupmant are 

Telephone 236 1662 


7 Ludgate Square, London EC4M 7 AS 


MD of major advertising group needs an assistant to 
deputise lor ten. Excellent skills and presentation 
imperative, the ability to prioritise and think fast, vital 

BANKING c£0,000 + perks 

Enjoy the stimufous (+ associated benefits - ind 
mortgage sub etc.) of working for this major bank. 
Excellent Jraming and propeds. 90/45 -Kfi months 
min eg]. 


Fluent French, excellent skills (SH + WP) and most 
importantly a desire to have resprmsibilitHor a de- 
manding position within this International Bank. 

262 Regent Street jfto Oxford Cfrens). Leodoa W1. 
81-434 2402. 

Top Jobs for Top People 


TTiii ■ t h%h viiikiGiy job bran ouxVye Kcnwy utanaoe of 
ibe Ina jte&d Fhaocc Houses. Woriaat atooguoc ihe Director 
oT mJonuiioo io a bkfe-tedi covinmnad the need is tor M 
experieoeed pnriaswoJ with ■ poHme . flcwblc and ootsorag 
ocmulity. The hows will be kwg mnd ihc «pfc will nine acres* 
confcmccs. tramioft. and co m m imic a l wo witi a mqar tocus to 
piini Huns* #1 

£11,000 PERSONNEL 

ITwa #ir an antMousyoaiisscCTcUry looking tor a lenoer Uipi 
•c have juu *e job for you. Working as an urtqpal pin of ibe 
Ram ifl ihc nuxcdmtly busy Personnel De^wunem of a van 
Aiaenom Bank, ibe work wiB centre on an mporuu admtms- 
uurvr tampon ro*c. Sccrmnaf 4uUs must be good. 


01-629 9323 

£ 11 , 000 + 

Prastoous position for a young. Intelligent PA Secre- 
tory. Working in Ibe Exploration Dept of a leading OR 
Company based in the West End. Luxurious offices 
with the offer of excellent benefits. You wM have supe- 
rior SH/WP Secretarial skUs in exchange for an 
exeeRent salary package. 

Pteasw contact Karan Roche 
for an immediate interview. 



HStaita WM , taW MttetotataqHWW 


Creative Hair 

£ 9,000 - 

Get oul of a rtrt and Into the action with this goat little 
company A leading name in UK design, they create 
new concepts in the last- moving, dynamic field of retail 
architecture and design. A* Sec/R\ to their super MD 
you will enjoy total involvement in a young, exciting, 
‘bony’ environment. Shorthand/' typing essent i aL 
WP experience desirable. Age 22-F. Please call 
01-409 1232. 

Hlci uUmoit CoDwiunts 


Due to expansion a small professional agency is 
looking for torn Interviewers . Previous experience 
not essential. Good educational background and ex- 
cefent secretarial skills are required, togefoer with 
the toxHiy to work in a sales environment Excsflent 
working conditions. Salary aae. For more rnforma- 
bon please cat 

Mrs McKay on 01-623 3444 (days) 
or 01-531 5043 (eves) 

Guardtsfn Recruitment Ltd 


I Year's See experience A to accurate typing will open 
the door to an oaths job in itats highly suapriul PR 
Co working for 2 acbteremcni orientated pcopte as Uttr 
PA! (NO SHORTHAND) bm must be a team pteyer. 
and not a clockwatcher. Call Ksuyn tm * te lfll 
Wear E«l ef Chy oe 588-5S81 

Champagne Bacardi & Evian! 

You too Gould be popping a cork or two if you 
'land this brilliant job wtth the above Accounts as 
jpart of your daily hype!! ... You have super- 
lative typing (no shorthand) and a large liquid 
capacity! Excellent delegation and mvolvemem m 
hectic office. 18+ and lively. 



You are immaculate at all times, intelligent, flex- 
ible, literals, well spoken & have superb sec- 
retarial skills. Your French is fluent and you have 
the maturity to cops at all levels in this presti- 
gious fine Aft Gallery .... Age 27-40. 



if you are aged 19+ “Uh ( ' 
a little office experience ; j 
and iiumcscd io joioiag > ; 
■ young sad bvdy Prop- | \ 
ms group then call us j ; 
qnickly. Tba young ; ■ 
pxtiner needs your . 1 
itmhind sod typtog 
skills together with 1 ! 

ensues of iratwnve and ! 1 
capacity for teaming. { I 
£8,000. | 



Are you 25+ tod mold 
you etuoj working is Pcr- 
monel and Admtn tor dut 
foghf, momatad Amen- ; 
can compaay. Dncreuan 
and confidenoabty are a , 
dub together with a good 
i to w and xotunil 
Hulls, pi rrauust V p.) 
Bendas inc PP-P. Non- i 
cuanbaurr ptawni ■ 
schnne. L.V. JJp pd. 



£*&»+ | 

A up-top incrpUKUB a (r- f 
uaaw *y ■ Vary np-marim | 
esute gpney m Mayka. { 
Tbrs hare loti of Hale and 
are h o m ed to beguUlal of- 1 
tiers i230 dotbing j 
allowance io cnabte you n ! 
c oB teteman ihm «nv i 
sman rrtrpuoo. You will i 
peer tear wry impann I 
diem Swuch board and 
rypnw kaowtedge urefuL I 

AiT53* i 

j PX 

i PARK ST. W1 

! ZlO.000 

1 Working wjih l young 
1 scrim partners of Uni 
i' imall properly co you 
, will organise thetr dsa- 
• net and mccungt, 
' monitor tttJT holidays 
■ and handle all office ad- 
1 Ruiusnauou • accurate 
i typing (no ibonkud) 
i Some Audio bio mainly 
I a filar for office 
orgamution. Age 2>+. 

Bernadette I j Bernadette 
of Bond St. of Bond St. 

■ mil .wM-iFnw <4 h: <m n iwwMtawM • 

Bernadette | Bernadette 
of Bond St. i of Bond St. 

tBiM w i tetowt i »«w»i««i to waa 
■ a. n nwrew lawtt ii/4 to; a. H lire — w i iw. u a ^ 



£11,000 - £15,000 

Securities Admmbarator to join mufti-national 
Trading/Investment Group. SW 1 . Ftnnnaal 
background and ambition essentiaL Age 

£8,000 - £10,000 

Secretaries required for expanding, lively Fi- 
nance Group. SW1/SE1. Exooflent typing. S/H. 
WP skffis and confidence. Age 21+. 

£8,000 - £9,000 

Ideal opportunity for Graduate Computer - ori- 
ented secretary to become member of friendly 
Swedish Team. No S/H. but enthusiasm and 
sense of humour. 

£7,500 - £8,000 

Cheerful, well-spoken Receptionist/ telepho- 
nist (no typfog) needed for property group W1. 

For further details 
please telephone: 

01-493 4467/3492 

(Rec Cons) 


MmsHnil hawon wahn Hi* anwiakaana world tor 
Carman tpAtaung Pjk vour prototslenal aaonrtartrt me* 
part wapww n te uaUto to are wen preai d aW wtoWrei, 
or* ww rtbaUre sa haap a cool haad and mata—port a nt 
MaMM m tea aOianca. 2S» 5octaVy oentotoni and not 
«aay rttana a tod. 100/U sktaa plus pawnor tewte 
oa p o n owoo. 

FASHION FUTURE ti £11,000. 

AtiowiB a umor tonactor or Bm aueaaaatui oomptov who 
imtal tuxaa tnsnda ai tote lashm and manor daaipn. 
He a ciosatv annired on tM aton and matkaMio aida and 
reads aomeoito 2S+ won top Hp8 lUp ana an wgmaad 
and mature partonainy A mm PA. rote. Cay based ai 
MauMul oAoas. 


Toad mxremsm asnstaip Bw Marketing Dawtar o « Baa 
top irerntoo na l record company tor aomaone won a Star 
_ ii ^ Mr orgamution and admaHaBawm 
£k„j£L Yeu'i read axcaMant wyso skai * WP. A 

■ T strong out-gong pareoreaiy and an m» 

uaWa appatre tor hard weak. Pretorauiy 


Use yow skUfi in Technical Support. Hefo tiis smaH DP 
department, service a dynamic young Marketing Con- 
sultancy. TMs is a new position so you must be floxftto 
in your approach. Your experience with IBM 5520 and 
IBM PC packages wfll be fufiy tested? Good com muni- 
cation and presentation important ~ 

Ring Jane SaMy on 01-439 4001 




IB Moluytamie Uan*n WOHBAD 

■■■■■nr wtoraaa 

I Research & I 
| Publicity Assistant | 

Michad Page City is a leading consultancy 
in financial sector recruitment. Increased 
demand for the services of the successful 
Research team has created this orating 
opportunity for an Intelligent secretary/ 
administrator with WP and ideally 
computer skills to transfer intoa more de- 
manding business role. Salary negotiable. 
Contact Jonathan Matin on 01-404 
5751 at 39-41 Parker Street, London 


For UA Agricultural Trade Promotion 
As s oci at i on in Central London. 

Good tecaknw knowtedre of French » htgWv dewreWr. Ger- 
man or Spanish useful. EucUcni typing and word Processing 
skilh required: shonband dcrireWe. In addiuoo. the wpiiaiH 
»ill perform basic book-keeping and admin duties. Self-sorter 
with good social skills. 

Sabny from £9,7M pa. dip ruU ng m <w HB retitaa- 
Plewe send C.V. tw 

NJ*.C- of America, 

Agricnttaaral Trade Office, 

101 Wigmore Street, 

London WlH 9AB. 

y Michael Rage City I 

mtnral Recruit raent Consultants R 

m Eressek New\bvk RwW Sydney 1 

rofAddsooConsutoncy Croup PLC | 

Michael Rage City 

rational Recruit raeni Consultants 

wxhstg enwonmem. 


Please tefpheoe Peany Ceocf n 
01-629 0371 before 3pm 

(No Agwndre) 


You wiU assist 
the Personnel 
Manager + the 
Manager, as 
well as providing 
secretarial back- 
up- You need i 
initiative, 'A* 
levels and "City 
Shorthand + WP 
skills. Age 27+. 

You want to be 
more than a 
secretary. As 
assistant to the 
Head of the 
Private Clients 
Dept of City 
Stockbrokers, you 
will have the 
scope you desire. 
Shorthand + WP 
skills. Good salary 
and 30-40% 

01-377 8600. 

Secretaries Phis Secretaries Plus 

on wnreds. owsaa ireMation (d 
dmiop pmcBdums etc. £ 10 K plus. 

Dund in WP to swm 
. men* 8 vain staff. 


+ Mfo ♦ BetodnS 

^patvkng Eurobond 
mo Housa oo tfUfi 8 S 0 OB- 
bhy/pa tor Ifw MD ana a 
rbomfiri of traders! 

rotary you w» bseo«w 
wSdSxiwfflMWP i ^ 


etv ot tawuuWfl 
SnttomfW and 

W«I oaks. 

oy nwt tare 

on ttmir «maL » a«"W 
gnu Mkttato are ossortiai 

SkAs 80/60 A9B2535 

726 3491 

CD. nosd parson wRh axp ctencs of Doth IBM and 
* to ted a help desk tor users. £ 10 K jSas bonofits. 

mg and snap 

Bond St Bureau 
tltec court 

z2 ^2f llwl8B (Saa 

coo 3692 ezs saw 


ESTJtoi rosy **« * 


01-831 2741 
No AeeneH*® 1 


estate agents 

rmwm «■*» 

^ MtiMtOWkM 

Certain UuateowV 
Mtnui obbs aacearvea 
3 MnML- 

TeUuBe Canto -FW4 
81 381 4855. 

cJTlO^OO pa 

..-j» ... vjtw-MVt 

, , ■<— 4 * 

■fll-437 4582 

Ma Foster . Bcaztef ' 

(tee cms) 


£104100 ++■ . 

Fw enandim Co. setos cm- 
Went W to asw Ctontan 
ted h« organamn constara 
disffl lUtKM Orgvun PR 
knanas. Suneri) saeU Wt. 
Ptanc Sarah 
Bl-fiOZ 3012 




nosd an organised, 
knowledgeable and 
entnusiastk: person to 
help in their country 
clothing shop, in London 

please falepta® 

Alastair Baxter 
0285 68977 



For further details 
TEL.: 01-481 4481 



AM *»Red oAmmommm 

|£** T**"* *» 

JPO^t AonouDcemcnisJ. The 
«adtac « 5.00jnn 2 days prior 
» publication tie 5.00pm Mw- 
for Wednesday). Should 
?oa ■nsn la send an atfvcnisc- 
|»au n wmrag please mdnde 

YOtrr rfnnma • 

>g cr da ytime phone number. 
PARTMENT. ir you have any 

t ' utr * 5 or problems relating io 
»ur advmisemenr once it ins 
appeared, phaue contact our 
v-Bstmiei Services Oepvtmegi 
by tekptxme on Of -481 4100- 


ANQSE IS FOUR. partial)-. sKihlfd 
and on hrr otni B4AF linih- 
m inq lomiii.— . inr children hkr 
Viw Pirn- IMP In unit U1UI 
dniuiion io Room 21. Brunei 

rtflHTV m lor .VtoMion and Fr*v 
Irnns 1 ] Souitiv. ark su-cn 
London SL1 1 RQ 
WOULD AUTHORS ivpnvnlnl 
Bv John ratuulurai Lid in 

1^58.11111 nai rrrrmk in touch. 
Meow nuM 1 contact HTqenllv 

TlHonnmw Ol *ir "700 

ET PTiow Home- 1 muI Number 
Love Cliilsinus Ew Inmi 


ELIZABETH 1 Happv tunncuv 

■LtrlUM Ofill'Nrnli Inrimai' 


A wire Ir-c sertinU svslvfil 
hrird in L nour 01.7302253 
FRIENDSHIP. Loir or Manusr 
All jirw Dali-filie. Oral 

"91o> 21 uiinrefon Koad. Lon. 
Soil to 8 Trl Ol 9J8 lOI 1 
CALIBRE CVS Lid proinMOnal 
rumrulum vilor documents 
OhoiK Ol 631 5588 
rquipnrd Ground Floor oll« 
with nnimm ■.ho* Irani in 
hi In mum lor onauonA duties 
A LOAM with >! nroim lurk qiur 
amort £ 2.000 Id £30 003 wife 
hiorfakiq.- vmmls APR 18 5--- 
variable Fipt rmunddnn cos 

« oKrr Free Hf«- rmrr Dial 
1>X> Irrclirer Ponlolio until 
8 00 pm Prrmiw PortlcHIO. 
FimWJ Rradlnq. RCt IBR 


CONVEY ANCSntC bi lulls 1 quail 
IlnJSnlintorv £180* VAT and 
Man-lard d i '•Ihit Mineiil'- ring 
0244 1I9SW 

I S lavvvpr IT BuMindr St. 
London Wl Ol 4*K> 0813 


£25 per o . 1 up lo pud lor silver 
■ir I it lei £260 per or for quid 
All diamond icurtlers bought. 
Mr Hart Ol boO 8030 or Write 
V >1 Marrow. Road. London, 
wo All England colored. 
JEWELLERY. Gold. brtver. 
Dimonds ur genii > wanted Ton 
prim SS imams. A3 Lamps 
Conduit 81 WC 1 Ol AOS 8638. 


A MAOUFKCNT BUliard Table 
Prewar Tnurslon Cadroonm 
■u) ran rd panels Sel of Cues 
Mof-filng Lite Pool Scori-Ooard 
liors Bulls Carpel surround. 
Lo CO? <CI2AJ| 773230 

million slocksoi ITIh and leiri 
remurs replira lumllure By 
some n( EnqlaruTs finest trails 
men Nrlllchcd. near Mentos on 
T names iCMUll 6*1 1 18. 

FINEST quality wool carpels A 1 
irade wires and under, also 
AiallaMr I BO 1 * (MB. Large 
room sire remnants under hall 
normal note Chanters' Carpels 
Ol AOS 0453 

SCATPIN 8 CHS Best Whets lor 
all soid-vmi events Our clients 
include most motor companies. 
Credit cards aecenled 01 828 

THE TIMES 17SS-1986. Other 
titles ai ail Hand bound reads 
iw presentation a**> 

"SuiidavV LI 2 50 Remember 
When 01688 tvS23. 

Starlight Exp. Chew. Us MB. 
All theatre and spoils 
T el 82t <W95. 

A Ex / ' Ha / Omen 

BIRTHDAY DUE ? Ctve someone 
an oTMtiiaf Times Newspaper 
dated the mv day Umv were 
both LI 2.50 0492 31303. 

coil \merov4Bothelc We beat 
•in\ price AKS 0932 784128. 

WLUAUD TABLE'S. Old polLshed 
hidtic<jam . carved leg's, all ass 
A Ho IO 1 X 5' Td 01 940 1 152 

CATS. CHESS. L« MR .Ml the- 
alre arid sport Tel 430 1 763. 
VII motor cr.-dir cds. 



Resists Carpets 

McrAlllBi .nvrt Mr cantei*. H 
[<jn rmaits Bun m uteift 12 
irCe firm vk> > ! ,<a MJi fljaa'i 
iw Ms tram or oflee lin aa 
'■Otf CjrxgoUSl mri Nr. Hdunl 
775 ■ rrscmli BesuncempMir 
1*35 iw -ovC PerW <t*kJs Pw 
”it Ian*' >Wion m plan ttom 
rd «i Ltnoun w dm e»an*f N 

207 Havers tor* Hix 

Hampstead NW3 


Tel: 01-784 0139 
Free EsiatuMs-Erpert Firnufl 


and ctxnse Iron hundreds ol 
tongra and grand pistos lot 
sale or tore tram only £16 pm. 


Albany SI. NW1 
01 K5 8682 
AftBtery Place. SE18 
01 854 4517 




Figurines animals, dr . want- 
cd 01 8H3 0024 
WANTED Japanese swords. Dag 
Ijers ele Colleclor pays good 

prices Trt O227 4 SMO 0 



Together we can beat il_ 

WAr fund owronelhndof 
all icuMich into thr pretrn 
lion and cure of cancer in 
the UK 

Heipushy sendingadona- 
noil or make a legacy to 




2 Cat hun Hcqise Ter ra* • 
ll' i 'L i tnrt|lD).l.<inds i nSiy|'t GypJ 




PIANO ColLiid and CoUard 511 
•iraud VrrV aiood ccnidiuon 
i:1.075onn OI 007 S307eiei 

untttGHT Kmqhl pbino potestwd 
Murk d/ 7 vrs old Vervgdron 
dilion Cl 500 Rmq F Leoiwid 
D753871 nomr 0.38 5700 work 


l.ondon School 
Bridqe .ind Club M Kings Rd.. 
SW 3 oi 58^ 7201 


FULL Imqin I ox coal, srev 10/12 
Very 'RKid condition Valued at 
C3.QOO. asking price 12.000 
quo Tel Ol 437 9M1 x 124. 



Knisiiigion. Col T v. 24 nr sw 
Tnlev CoUmqtiam ApartmenK 
01 373 0306 


ceiitral London From E3K ow 
Rinti Town Hie Ante 373 3433 


HAMMERSMITH Prot ( lor o/r in 
im mixed house. Owe lo riier 
all marnines tos pw Tel Ol 
5R4 34D7 

YOUNG prop m/ I for large own 
room in shared house. £207 
pmt Tel 01 542 3028 eves 

YOUNG Prof woman early 30’s 
requires •HTommadaliOn In or 
near London SAP. will 
'housenl' Refs aiailaMe ■ com- 
pfclels Iruslworthy. Tel Sarah 
Ol 937 3132 

E FINCHLEY. Ctrl mourned to 
aurr house With 2 others. Prof 
r 38-42 prot N/S O/R All fa 
(Ilitp-. & mins lube £4Spw me. 
Trt Anne 444 0558 

FULHAM. Prof M/F lo share Iw 
new iw wtui one other. Own 
large room Gdn Prliale park 
mo Nr tube £260 pem excl 
Tel Ol 736 4765 alter 6pm. 

LUXURY spacious flat NWb. near 
Abbev road. C65 bw. Mature 
proiesstonal wanted lo share 
Pleasr phone 328 7092 

•answirphone available) 

SOUTH KEN WB Prof female shr 
In 1 2 bed bsmnl rial with i cm 
n New tilted ial & bath. Avail 
■mined C79pw Please call 602 

WIMBLEDON Prof male share 
with 1 oihrr. 3 bed me. O/R. 
Own silling rtn. 2 mtro BR. IO 
mins Tube C46 pw Inct. Trt. 
Ol 5400^29 9am 6mm 
BROOK GREEN WG. Mature Prof 
M/F NTS Spacious quiet ILM 
Mon Fri. C36 pw Inct Phone 
01-603 2960 

CHISWICK Nr Tube Prof F 25- 
35 Share lux Bat £46 pw + 
L Ulsa iday 1 489 08B9 1 cv e» ■ 996 

FLATMATES Seleclhe Sharing 
Ui-ll rslab intrpdijrlory service. 
PKe let lor appt. 01-589 6491. 
313 BromMon Road. SW3 
SHEPCRDS BUSH F 244 o/r in 
Ictrtv CH house All mod core. 
L229 prm Ind T«: 01 740 
8338 inesi 

W DULWICH. Prof m/f lo share 
Km-. C/H. O/R 12 mm Viet / 
Btacklrurv £151 pan exr Tel 
670 4861 alter b JO pm. 
BECKENHAM Prof F lo share 
nal. dbte o/r. C2S0 PCM met 
Trt 650 3158 after 6pm 
CLAPHAM Old town. O/R. period 
coachouse. excellent racuiet. 
£5 0 PW Exct Ol 720 3370 
DULWICH 1 person share elegant 
house. C3d>w Telephone. 693 
8615. 028 0101. UZZIC 
LITTLE VENICE- Young prof im 
N/S ICO n garden. Nr lubes 
£60 pw inct Trt. Ol 723 1308 
Nl. Larqe shared house. Non 
smoking prof F required. £160 
pm Trt 2S4 3386 atier 6pm 
NWS. Swims Collage 7 mins. Sin- 
gh- room Willi ballr. £170pcm 
ind Ol 794 3082 eves. 

NWB tge room in shared house, 
lo lei lo prof male 26 *. £180 
PCM. lE-xrll. Trt. Ol 328 5576 
PUTNEY o/r and bathroom m 
family toe n/»f £4S pw hid OI 
788 9948. 

SCI Prof. M/F. N/5. O/R in Ige 
house in drtMhiful So. £165 
PCM. E*rt Ol 407 4164 
sws Female O/R in mixed fiat. 
W/drver. col. TV Trt. Ol 381 

SW7 Clous Rd. Nr Tube F lo 
shan 1 cm in friendly Ige flat. 
C12S PCM. Exr Ol 37U 6828 
5WU a/*, prof 20 *. O/r. spa 
ilous flal 2 mins lube. £IOO 
pent Tel Ol 675 7766 eves 
SW12 N/S. 25+ O/R. Ige nal. 
■pin to share wilh I other £140 
PCM. Eve I 673 1730 Eves. 
WANTED. SW/W nal 1 2/3 pro 
pleibv prat f 1 25 1 £40 pw max. 
Trt: 01-938 3388 cxin: 2207 
W2 lux rial, superb sauare. dW 
room wilh bath en suite. £75 
pw Trt 01 262 1573 levai 
Wl Lge rm in lux ms Suu ma- 
ture prof man. Mon lo Fii. £55 
pw ind. 936 6224 



More low-cost flights 
via more routes 
to more destinations 
than any other agency 

- Fast, expert, high-tech 
service ■ Free worldwide 
hotel & car hire pass 
■ up to 60% discounts 
Immunisation, Insurance, 
Foreign Exchange, 
Hap & Book Shop 


43-48 Earth Court Hoad 
London BTSSE J 


Long-Haul 01-603 ISIS 
Europe/USA 01-937 5400 
1 at/Susiness 01-938 3444 

un um cnxmso 



btt/n . 


97 % 


OUK-IUOI ud tmn 



ai. Inline ku a h* nypln Ilk- >vunf imald DomHI in a «nal of.XK 
lamili 4 i-llhi Ihiruk' ru K.- lilncd in Uinre durtoc Maitn-Jiav 1VS 
If. ihnihl bi 1 l.i hi the rod of June l««7 but hmk lounger. Hr mesth.- oeO 
H»Acn lMTb»ucd.iKx.V i"4k*iL»ll ahk-inipeil uvll A lilraninubL 
limn-. Turn bus hel»exi In * II jtw conudctiil rhm<> ir -lumit’l -i 3 iblaily nr 


C/O BBC TV. Wood Lane. 

London W12 7RJ 

overseas travel 

In Europe. L6.A A nuM deMuw 
Ifi^trv Optonwt Tfrfirt Ol 730 

rMi iftT-i atol 


Hdvmrirket Ol 9.XO 1306 

DISCOUNT FARES World w kit. 
Ol 434 0734 Jupiler Travel 

I'arn noriduKlF OI- 387 9100 

Wl Ol 734 5307 ABTA/AloJ 

SPAIN. Portugal Cheapen lim 
kuqqln Q| 735 8191 ATOL. 

ftWmUIUlND Srtiedulerl nighlk 
Ol 724 2388 A Ilf A ATOL 

Fneodlv— Pemaom Irom £171- 
LI89 i BAB). Hotels (Town or 
Bearn I (ram C219-EZ79 <HBI. 7 
mqmi arrom I idly mri Caiwirk 
day nigh Is iTuc/Thur/Sum 
tramfm a aarparl lax. OC1 
departures ISLAND SLN. 01 
222 7452 ART 4/ ATOL 
o/w C420 nil C764 Auckland 
o/w £420 rlu C77S JoTmrg 
o/w £246 rtn £485 Lon- Angr 
bw o/w Cl 76 rtn C 340 London 
Fliqhl Crmrr Ol 370 6332. 
AM Ticket-. SperlalKu New York 
£249 LA £349 Toronto 
£279. Nairobi £329 Sydney 
£769 A Hr), land £749 DarLnr 
130 J-fmyn street. 01 839 


I Lights ■■ a. Rio £485. Lima 
£495 (in. Aha small Croup 
Halida v Journeyi-ipg Peru 
Item U50i JL4 Ol 747 5108 
ISA. S America. Mid 4Dd Far 
Tost, y Antra Trayvair. 48 
Margaret Sired. Wl oi 580 
2928 i Viva Acreptedi 
VAL EX AMBER European Sun. 
FHrtih Ol 402 4262/0060 
Vatexander Compeuilve world, 
wide lares 01-723 2277. AMa 
AIM lala Acreu/vna 
rtmlrr Orpar lures. Trt Travel 
Centre Black burn i0254i 
532S7. ABTA 73196. 
ATHENS. Malaga. Faro. Palma 
Mid lerms a Yirwn avail, abo 
Italy. Germany & Swtts rr £59. 

Prter Pan Ol 491 2749 i971. 

CYPRUS /MALTA Hotels A Aprs 
Scheduled Ills from H'row 
Ring Pan World Hobdays Ol 
734 2562 

fares on cturter/vclieduled nts 
Pi to) night Ol 631 0167. Agl 
AMI 1893. 


Worldwide rheapesi tares. 
Richmond Travel. 1 Duke SI 
Richmond ABTA Ol 940 4073. 
MPPONAM Seal sale lo CSA<La 
nbbean- Far East Australia Cau 
I hr professionals ABTA 1ATA 
rc executed. Trt Ol 254 5788 
TU N ISIA Fnr vow holiday 
where Its stiff summer Oil far 
our brochure now. Tunisian 
Travel Bureau. 01 373 4411. 
A LI CANTE. Faro. Malaga etc. 
□imund Travel ATOL 1783. 
01 581 4641, Horsham 68541 
ALL IIS CUES. Lowest tares on 
mator scheduled earners Ol 
584 737| ABTA 
CANARIES Spain Portugal naiy. 
Greece. Madrid fr £67 Trt. Ol- 
434 4326 ATOL Air Bargains 

£369. Singapore £457 Other 
FE cities. 01-584 6514 ABTA. 
ROME Lfshon £99. Frankfurt 
Pans £60. LTC 01-328 
3336/01 651 4513. ABTA 
niqhB FahtOT 01-471 0047 
ATOL 1640 Accesi/YIM. 
SPAM Portugal Canaries Greece 
llaly Ir £69 Sun wheel. 01434 
4597/8. ATOL- 1 776 
SYD/MEL £635 Perth £566. All 
maior carriers lo Aus/NZ. Ol- 
6«4 7571 ABTA. 

9w AFRICA From £465. GI-SB4 
7371 ABTA 


Nairobi. Jo'Burg. Cairo. Mai. 
iaanboL. Singapore. K.L Delhi. 

_ " loey. 


Bangkok. Horn Kong. Sjdi 
Enrope. &The America: 

FbuuiDgo TraveL 
76 Shaftesbury Avenue 
London WIV 7DG. 

01-439 0102/81-439 7751 
Open Satnrday 10 JMMXW 


niKTAWt £149 PUNA £149 
FARO £149 TINIWE E 199 


HUMlFUffl £74 IrtW 70RX fS9 
WIFVA £94 MCI U09 



01-405 7062/8042 




★ ★CUffi CLASS** 

★ ★1ST CLASS** 


★ ★WHU) FARES** 

PERTH * + EHSdAhf * 

* HtiBAHI • * AOUAJOE * 

* JO BUHG * * 5 AFRICA * 

* Auckland * *miiuiGion * 

* HU * *pr UlMSBv • 

* 6aiiG> 0» 6 * 7 Ox VO * 


* OUBAJ * * BAHRAir. * 

* MC EAST * # liAUDJB * 


* L AW2US * * MIAMI * 

* rMlBSWi * *5 NUrjOtKO * 


9 USA 9 UU 9 USA 9 USA 9 


rEsfd 1969) 

59 Souih Si. Eikooi . Sunw 
(uwri rsw/^.xjno’io 1 '/ 




Save with Swissair's 
Super Apex. 
London lo Zurich or 
Geneva daily on con- 
venient afternoon 
flights. And daily 
flights to Basie 
(except Sundays). 
Book and pay I4days 
before departure. 
Stay in Switzerland 
at least until the 
Sunday after arrival. 
Bookings and full 
conditions from 
travel agents or 



WEEKEND « WArt-s Nom-v 

111001 in |*T 2 nd Hoill-V modi' 

»— 01 ri in.- Magic 01 luilv '> 1 a- 

iiuurii nip-i IK Autumn or 

W 111 N, tall Ol 746 7440 ,™ 

mil FBF L roKNir brortiuri- 
M.Kjh nl llalv DOW T 47 Shrn 
tin U 1 . Biwh Own. Londun. 
W 12 8 P 6 



1 ■ 1 ISA. •qm-ullv re 
tutra ram- an 'rtn 'luted fils. 
IV1 T Ol 5»» W72/«>731 


MENORCA Hanaavs drtMrtirvj 

ri kiav / valuriuv mrv xwk. 

CKI r Him £120 Trt Ol 306 
7070 * 0622 677071 
CrhK HoUdavx AHA 1772 


CANARIES LuiUorolr. Puerto 
drt Carntcn. Hign.vMndard aplv 
with pool at ailablF 30/10 T<- 
nrriro 28/10 HO dayvi. VC 
pnri' from C249 <06231 

778544 Tumujv Holidays 



AUTUMN Brook* La (Susa? nr 
AnrwT Alpine eMM. *eU rm 
uiimxi onorls ideal xki hate. Tvi 
102421 0041 301 602124 



CORFU Bargain* Beavllllul drt 
villas nr Urn bearh 2-a prs 
ci no 1 wk. C 2 J«» 2 wki Ih on. 

Cal oi H i rw Ol 734 2562 Pah 
world Hohdayv 

rerror tnsoatll islands, cheap 
nigtth. villa ronlafe elc Jtui 
Hrris Ol 434 1647. Atol Alto 
—RHODES lux apart hots from 
£154 pp 8 M l 5.18 00 Sirama 
0705-8628 1 4” 



The lines! houses tor remal 73 
SI Jamr-. 51. SW 1 . 01 491 

ALGARVE. Lux vldas/apb mwi 
pools sew. Oft & Thru wihlrr 
Ol 409 2838. VlllaWorld 


FRIVATC Catered «ki chalrt 
kbxm 7/10 In THjnes near 
sKKM - 1 Trt 01686 3414. 


Verbirr. Men he lk 1 . VHIate. 
Megeve Com tort. servwe 
areal, skiing Phone Ol oOC 

SHI Veitger Luxury nal inr 6 

Good reuiral tocal ion Trt. 01 . 

580 3445 or 10240271 a» 


Hotel aa™ erv in Ensune 

mr. CH Carpark Clrare ot 
menu, varied wine list, well 
slocxed bar Autumn breaks 2 
days £43. 4 Days £84 DB3B 
inrvai Booking far Xmas now 
Tel 0598 52279. 



EtartuieM ISUiCemun 
F-mnhmnr m bcnsihi) omasmidc 
kirrh- vim ad «<f*S marforuUc 
and bnmet' aiDWtpheir: spritf. 
sanunrr and aaiamn wr»anJx 
Bed. ixtuba-l and evening nal. £15 
Telephone (0654) 27»6 



gngte return 
Jobtxg/Hjr Out) 


Nairobi £75 £390 

Cao EI50 rao 

Luis E2M 5360 

Def'Bam £250 £3M 

Bangkok £220 £3SQ 

Onoia £420 

Afro Asian Travel Ltd 

l *1 

162/168 ItoMOt AW 
TO: B1J37 1255W7fa 

UU S &«* BoDhngs^ 'MWairne 

nifi him r 


Pam £69 N YOWt 1375 

Frankfurt C60 LA,-SF 055 

Iriigm- 1320 Man CKO 

rueobi £329 Sing a pore l*?o 

JODirg E4S0 Bargki* 035 

Caro £205 KanwrOu £«0 

Prt.Bom £335 Rangoon E350 

Hong Hong £510 Calcutta [425 

Huga CU scwHi Avail 
on 1 st a Club Cl« w 
21 SwjdoK SL London Wl 
01-439 2100/07 0537 



Crew. Corfu. Rhodes Kgs, 
SmjBei Grab Islands. The Algjn*. 
Uenoica. Tenente 

firsionretjis.'to Ei« tif9 
17 It 1920 2?2f 26 31-10 Mffl £179 
enjyivr ho, tx dens 
Im E 95 [109 

townie Nov 0« W 
Im. [199 {249 

Vita, apt and smaS hotel hohdsys 

with flqW horn Gaiwk. Luton and 

Manchester isubjed to sums and 

aval) BnxtnoK. bookings |24hrs) 

Insarn Tetephore/Credd Card 

Bookng only Offed from 

Tel: London »T-2H 5456 

Tat Sheffield 0742 391100 
let Manchester 6S1 834 5833 
ATOL 2034 



9/10 £891 












T 2 p a 
12/10 £99 
12/10 £ 1 ! 
15/10 “ 
8/10 £11 


01-491 1734 
01-629 3368 


FIRST diiv-v 

imme 1 onkina. 

in hi 17c l.iiinU 
niff> lanli | Mlibilrd ■■■ rroicrff 
Aort/m i» fi'lK A/iyAi/iP HmA 
CiUfumpi Hoin- (addherk 
r. til III H i.i r-'i Oc «8 A3Q 


CHELSEA, SW7 Ide.u i.miilv mai 
ainrii. mi 5 1 IT 1 - Well deroi aled 
1 1 1 1 nuatieml 4 Bqh Reregnon. 
Well •■unippeil k"ii £. 2 Baths. 
Firm 1 1 windows onto a sunnv 
|ri r.n e £275nw CoA is 
ViquiHi Town 224i 99o6 

SW19. New tanulv home in ex- 
rrtlenl alive order Fully 
finin-aHsi. .jo*, r/h. rerennan. 7 
ilhlc Ihs 1 » kurtirti/diner Tune 
5 * nms 4- eiLunkv immedialrty 
<m lei null CI90p'v uicl Ring 
Uvvnn 01 °4I 

THE LOM. HMR LET vgeeul 
■sis w.- have a large wlertion nf 
Invun 12 3 4 Hedranm ILvls 

with in.xd vervire Interior de 
spmeft A renlraUy tocviled 
\vailani-- Now <Jall Connauqhl 
Pinperoes 01-727 3050. 

KENSM 6 TON W|| sunny 2 
hedroonii-d rial hraulllul Hlunq 
room lulh Mir hen. newly dee 
nr. den. antique lumiluro 
ConiiMtiv lei £300 pw lor 1/2 
vrsirs Trt Ol 329 5999 

VENICE ilar lullv turn exrest Im 
en bleeps 5 in 4 roaim. Mich. 
Isilh sunny balrqnv taring gar 
dens an quw-i canal Mon uily 
nuh Ironv ISov >inl Xmas and 
Feslival'i Coniart: Everest. 6 
Canton SI London Wl: phone 
OI 437 2944 

ally ail ratine not newly dec & 
turn ho expense spared Ideal 
lor.iliun Dole bedroom, large 
rerep/illnmq wilh balcony. FF 
I.i 1 wilh all marnines 24 hrx 
porlrtooe. mlaurani Long Co. 
Let 3180 pw. 244 7353 
lux llal/house up la £ 800 pw 
L *41.11 fees rrq Philllpt. Kay A 
Lewis srimih of the Park. Chet- 
yea Odirr. 01 352 Bill or 
North of me Park Regent's 
Park Office 01-586 9682 
CLAPHAM C O MM O N. Spacious 4 
tied. 2 balh house In preny 
siiert nit common. Smartly 
dixoniled wilh all mod cons. 
Bull f- sharers al £45 pw each 

I £225 pw. Budunam. 361 

HAMPSTEAD super Hat Huttii m 
idvllir rounlry sctling. 
o/lookmq Healh A golf course 

30 II L shaped studio, balcony- 
kit. inhrni/wc CH. phnie ■ 
Avail now- lor 1 yr £95 pw- 
Owner Ol 586 4559 or 883 


Ni-w-lv ronv cried maisonette in 
a irana'iil location. 2 min from 
Pimliro sin. 2 bed nm. reerp. 
dnu ng rm. bath, shower. FF kit. 
patio Lorra Co Lei. £225 pw 
244 7353 


Mrcni Hanunltvao Heath. NWS. 
rimiished Hal recently return A 
Dec OWe Bed Sgle Bed. Rccep. 
K&B. Pref Co le|. CIGOpw Tel. 
01 629 6102 <T>. 

■" sitt PARK, NW3. Brand 
nm 2 nd Ilr fUl Mih I Ml- bale. 

use lge gdn 2/5 Mdk 1/2 
rerrp. 2 baths. Ml all maths. 
F urn or unfurn £350 pw- neg 
PKL 586 9882 

In p. mod. mews Iw. 4 beds. 2 
halto. Ige lounge well equipped 
MI palm. 99 c Co lei preferred 
£200 P» Trt 01 539-1742 af 
hr 6 pm / 0245^15310. 

SWS. Lately 3 bed house with 
gjr-Mc in Parsons Green area. 
Fulham Pretly walled garden. 

superb mo d I u rn Avail now far 
long lei £275 pw-. Buchanans: 
35 1 776 7 

WANTED. Company moving lo 
London requires 2 (wnfrnul or- 
ronunocUHKHi (or short let Irani 
November References 4 dMtos- 

II available Trt Ms Uz Smith 
Ull 1 0272 1 279376 oHKC UTS 

AMERICAN BANK urgently re 
quires luxury nals/housex. 
Chelsea. Knmhhbndge. Brtgra 
via aieos, £200 ■ £ 2.000 pw 
Burqrv-Eslale Aqenli 5«1 5136 
flal. suil prof person/couple, 
now rm a west end Co let 
£500 prm mcl Mi and rales, lei 
dav 734 3824 eve 226 1382. 
CMSWKK. Light and spacious 4 
bed 2 reerp family house close 
iransuorl A shoos. All mod 
cons Avail now tong let £225 
pw Buchanans. 351 7767 
Bed. 2 Both Hal Silling. Olhltig 
Room Fulls Fined Kll 
c-aoopw Please phone Jose 
phme 938 375S «T» 
KENSMCTDN WL Superb 2 bed 
I' balh flal in mod block Own 
qaroge Gualily furnishings De- 
liuhllul garden. £400 pw inr 
Ch/hw V* T.P 01 935 9S12 
nr. bed house. 5 bed. 3 balh. 
Luxe- family room, garden and 
arri-xs to communal gardens. 
£750 pw 01 994 5842 


51 JOHNS WOOD. Lu> mem 
hauje. Bout rtcahon. 3 bedrrns. 2 
Bams, double lecro supc kx 2 
mm mt* £Jffl pw. 

HYDE PAUL Snmraj new lawn 
me 2 nue beds. 2 (urns, hinge - 
ant, la cm rm. outer (at terrace. 
Show house lummire £350pw 
KBtSMBTQN. Oose la Hqh Si. 
ind nine. Anrxt 3 bed a»i 2 
reran, w. bah. tana me C/H. 
CTO a* 

SWISS COTTAGE. Beart fun soa- 
oous awn Sum oomphon 2 

mubie bedme. towny reep ku W 

ano bam Gge. gflns £175 tw 
C1APHA4L On edge ol Conunon 
MtSfli esan m track. Swot pom. 
rerap. h H Ciora tuns. Good 
value El 30 on. 

01-499 5334 



Super nvxhm roum house in 
hean oi Village. I double bed- 
irom. mam teceptum, stud?/ 
iv rm. kn A huhrm. unln 
area, ftanye. knrtx pan ol gar- 
den . 1.330 pw 
Beauuful inienor deagoed 
manoneue. Lux ku/dinrr. Ige 
rrcep aiih w-iriong fireplace, 
main bedrm with ensune 
Mine. 3 Timber bedrrns. 2 
bii farms, guesi « c Lorelx 
rout [err. wilh araaang views 
oi London, mn furouh 10 
ua r. i *1 0 p.» . 

Fabulous Victorian lerraced 
hse wuh paiiu/gdn 0 fieri ng 
unique accoi&Rir-daiion. 2 
brdtms. 2 baihrmt il eti 
suiiei Dble volume tecep 
area. Ige n /sludv counirv 
luicbcnMiimz rm Newlv dec 
ihto ueh-si fl. 14130 _pw 





01-794 1161 


LANCASTER G-H( 3 Itliln lube. 

hv f-xrirvlhinii nw* 
lullv ri„u|i kit .xdhlrbeds din 
irrj liiill. living rm vJtadio. lore 
in M .Mm I veal £296 pm 
|.-i 2o;» 29i"n or Ski 2827 

HENRY A JAMES C-i-nlar 1 us now 
mi HI 2 N 5 HRol l« lie Iw-M V 
lit linn ct nirntstirti lldte and 
li-iirri-.| U lr „| hi huetfiuhi idgr-. 
flx-Nq amt hnnuniMi ■ T - 

HOLLAND PARK: Lovrtv 1 did 
hnt flal Bhj ii-voplKHi kilehen 
•tuuuirifi mih uii-j n-rtmol 
ogv. Uiinniieui rarliMi Long 
Coin Ll-aORM Trt 955 7622 

KENSTNCTON WB Nl lubr. nou 
Iv iWOralnl luinrslieif llal. dM 

Iri-Vl Ioiiiwk* K 6 ll. CH. lift DOT 

lit (to M onlv. U80O prm Trt 
Ol WJ 90 »j0 OXJ222 

w-t» rtuimwi 

l-J 1 I 1 lui. n-r. dmrm. I dbln/l 
-ak-Ulun eh Clu— luho w<-. 
Pkil Ll TO pvv trt Ot 748 


v-vx iillre. I bedroom Hal Do 
'iw WOO pv» Long 
CnniiMi.v IH Trt. 935 7622 

PIED A TERRE SW3. Broulriuilv 
aHKNnlrd Mudio. fnlertor de- 
- 4 -jnrrl Ideal tor dhcernmg 
i-imnov. prrson Mm 5 mnlto ♦ 
£120 pvv 244 7353 
SOUTH HEM WB. Lux Irani fM. t 
fgr- dWr- bed I xmafl dbte bed 
hri-M fined kll A bmrm. Bull 
prot -Juror* £195 pw. neasr 
rail 602 9233 

Bain 4 Oempani- have 4 large 
vfectiun ol nabk houses avalt- 
aldpioi 1 v»rrk+ from C 200 pw 
49a 1665 

WESTMINSTER t mito l.niurn 
CdH'Mn Ixxe 4 tmte rerep. k & 
■> Ch Cdn Nv-vvly rofurh £250 
pvv lo mr new rpbvA dm Long 
trt avail SM> 6279 <Ti 
BEHR « BUTCHOFF for luxury 
pi open m-. 111 SI Johns Wood. Re 
ents Park. Moida Vale. S-»i» 
Colli Hampstead 01 986 7561 
FURNISHED note & Muses in 
KeirsuigiMi A surrounding ar- 
eas from CISOpvv C6000PW 
Bonham A Reeves 938 3522. 
cm Bra rial in com wim ihi. 
L-jv-Ritep. Bath & Kit. £250pw. 
Benlum A Reeves 958 3522 
most luxurious tong/ snort I Tv 
1/6 beds best prtres Ol 935 
9512 Hi 

PIMLICO Qualilv rial. 4 beds . 2 
halto. goo-i vMwdiih) and irans 
porl <375pw Co lei only. Day 
750 2912 

ST JOHNS WOOD Selection of ra 
crIUtil 2/3 Bed rials A houses 
i25QpW tCOOpvv Allen Boles 
A Co 499 1665 

937 9581 The number lo remem- 
ber - ly-ti seeking besl rental 
properties in rrntral and prime 
London areas Cl 60/ C 2 . 000 pw 
WU bhepherds Bush. Lounge / 
(tiled karhni. double bedroom, 
lulh Of Nr luhe. WOOpcm. 

01 740 bfWO 

WALTON 8 . Supertl newly done 
aparlnienl Large rerwpuon. 
douhk- tiedronm k A fa. patio. 
£220 pvv Tel 589 1759 
ACADEMICS msnmCL Flats nr 
L nivr-mtiv a Bril Museum Trt 
Helen Watson A Go. 580 6275. 
A SELECTION ot 1/2/3 Bed note 
111 Ki-tix a Cent London All 
PIIC*— ■ 937 4999 lT« 
AVAILABLE NOW Luxury note A 

housm. £200 £1 OOO pw. Trt. 

Burqrw 581 5136 
MAYFAHt Lux 2 d/bed 4lh fir 
srtv .ipx All machines Co let 
£250 pw Trt Ol 723 0272 
SLOANE sq. L nr., modem A 
brand new nal 2 beds. 2 bains. 

2 10 c £550 pw 730 3036 iTI 
ST. JAMES'S Lux. mod. turn slu 

die nal k AblHi. £125 pw. Tel 
4 37 7519 


BauhfU. sunny nraKonettg wOi 
(trcci access to pnratc gardens, 
3 beds. 2 en sure bathrooms, 
maipiticent reception nans, 
ideal hh entertaining Mewty dec- 
orated. new Mete kitchen. 
Avalable now tar a mnmum B 
mdts ai £2.100 Dm. No agents. 
Please ptnas 098E 5IS 351 dr 
8S2S2^4S5 ontuugL 


Wo bane a superb saiednn ol per- 

soraty mspecred (umsbed and 

uniumsind properties m irony tine 

ResadenbaJ distntts. rangmg from 

£150 pw to £2000 pw 



Tel: 01-486 8926 


Supoo couagu m heart Ot Wlra- 

bkMon Vrfbge modermsed and 

m exccdeni ca mld i cn 2 beds. 

imWOrwig mi. kn. bad), pretty 

cgtom Avar now to Ewrnwiy 

£300 ptm 

Wre M e dM Office; 
01-S4S 9446 



Chamung 4 bod unframshad 
house m quet (ocabon. 2 
i Beeps. 3 baths, kitchen + aM 
appliances & garden ES25 pw. 

For the best 
rental selection of 


in prime London arses 

270 Earis Com Road. SWS. 



Began 3 storey mareorwre. 

Deautrfufc lumsiKd throughout 

2 Recep«re. Kjl 3 Beds. 2 
Bains. Paha £3 Mpw ne g. 
auasiME STteET. SHI 
Lorety 4 storey townhouse wdti 
u«ty garden, deal tar emertatn- 
ng 2 BgcapMs. KiL UMiy Rm. 
4 Dble Beds. 2 Baths, cam 
Krtcnenene. Wre Cedar £«50pn 


ST. MAtUSARETS. Besuniiy j D«d cixrigo « qiaqi cuMosdc. Ooc 

Ol* jxocei room iJhCh Court? 

ort, . ' 00 c " 

HAYNES PARK SW 20 . Dei 3 Ex-c me Wfexu Jeci-. L lumc h nqs 
L : ' lr ‘ ’Tow -3«ce -3?* Lora i«i tiesoop* 

HAMPTON HILL. Pi -tv fAevoi n-^- Dak- awef Hxmoe/c to loom 
-* ' m>:w -x 3 0 +^: -Ijv * rang cvysa Hon-uron 6 uinn C 1 M 00 

L l <* 


REGENTS f*ARH. MrtkuM Wore 
Mirik-runriwlv Inru S' hrtl and 1 
Iritl n.ii jiaum- C285/C220 
pvs iihI To view 935 9065 


(Jibiblv proimlii->av Jltanlnaud 
i-xiulir-fl in all arcon Trt 01 
•>17 W2l 

. i BUSH Drligtiuun I 

UM bdim Hal. S lulh IrL Nr 
>JKM 1 | £450 Eri 111 Trt OI 6 22 
7579 prot oni 

Wl Hark-v M Mart 3dM hrtfs. 2 
rviLto ipfi-jv. r/furn Entry ph 

£250m- Co trt Snaring. Day 

f>51 13»J9 EVP 509 3251 

MAYFAIR or Kv-n-anglou Chokc 
2 vuenb scrviini 2 w i l l norm 
flats £260 DW .Ol 589 8223 

NEW MALDEN. Lirv 5 hrtlmid 
hsn. 2 h.uiw gg". rein. £ 200 pw 
williams A San 947 5130 

SW10 Carrtra llal 1 W. kll. 
hjlli. 1 r«fp. «a»Ch. C120 pw. 
ro Irt A rrt nssnn. Ol 3524017 

SW7 turn bavnmral bnhil own 
hath. kllUrtli’ rti. f.v. CSOpw. 
Udlrs onh . Rrah- lo BOX F86 
Wl Nr Srtlrtdgm Black wuh Iril. 
kuinqr. 2 dlHr nrdrtto. all nu 
r limns C22CVW01-209 0173 
EXPERIENCED Negotiators Snn 
Cnnctal Apqamtmraty. 



By Order ot l he High Court of 
Jibuti- dated the I31h dav of 

Drri-tnhrir 1985 Mr Gerhard 
Adolf Were, and Malcolm London 
hath at Shrtlev House. 3 Noble 
-ffrrrl. Lmioan ECS 700 have 
been apnoinlrd Liquidator of the 
above named company with a 
Committee ot Inxoeclion 
Deled Ihte 29th day of Scpiember 


PALACE Gardens Terrace. WB 
£690.000 Freehold A Stuno- 
homed, frilwer Period house 
with private garden. Potential 
lor 2 hedroomed. srtf-raMoinrd 
Nisomenl llal 22 * dining room. 
26 * x 21 * drawing room, study, 
large kitchea/famHy room 
opening on to garden. 5 beds. 4 
haito. eioaks. mm iv roam He. 
Loraira rtf Kensington High 
um harking onto Xcnunyum 
Palace Gardens TrtrOi 221 
3534 iTI 


■ Iwe Hyde Prti. 
3 d beds 2 Mtn. 1 en suite. * 
lauui Huge open-plan living 
im Spiral to roof gdn and bar . 
ber ue Sep I err Fully fnshd. 
£o50 pw Ol 723 4135 



We are are pkaai] to announa tha 
ocemg ot Kstfarts wtare to can 
utte a sdecMB oi tawy Stooo. 1 
& S Bui carmens arwcof 6 tots 
N 24 hour porterage. 

He Me joe to cm 
■hag A tint 
01-493 0887/409 2373 



Sumo wuMy iBMmRnwnT ftotta 
MB * IW toby semad tfock 
CumpHefa irtatMlx^ tintss^w 
Senvccs acme MMSDmawk. 
itodraMtanpysenita Gate TV 24 
l« pgmngr CH CHW Ctenny 
timan PiBayortMoO 
Lomi Snort bis. 

H7fi pw (nnraly MM pHQ 
01-351 2383 



Property owners list your 
fiats to be let tv us. We 
have the finest business 
executives to ‘ your 

01-935 7622 (T) 


. ..... Wife 

llrarw-krt-pei/OtAk Dinner 
IMrtire Huvhand 

« ariiulirtir/iiH-denri /Hand v • 
nv.ui SetfrtKi Wined 

lunMsIitfl/imlurnetoevt tlal 

.iv.nkvnie EdirtuuvP Must be 
* pciuini to ira-rl ahroad Bn 
iMiiodanli- at rarding to expert 
rare BnrtnKN pyxenllal 
.vnrtv in l B Nnr-Jnq A Staff 
LinMv menl -Vpiwv. 47 
(.tomeann Rood. Edlnbmg h. 1 0 
Trt No 051 447 9530/9878 

FLATLET a. (aiiMMialiCni. CJifbM 

offered lo xliHtrtil m exchange 

im rarinroiul batnHIlmg and 

Minin weekend hottwMM duties 

out m London Please write 

BUX 187 wilh snapshot A CV 

rwu. Ovalrt Ctrl TO 

unirrvl in liadiuonal prtvale 
■ lialet in NKrthM . Derrmner to 
April Trt 0344 882495. 

■ . au pmt ogenev 87 
Rrtjrnl Siiert. London Wl Trt 
439 6534 LK/Ovetseas. ABO 
di hrlps/donn lemp/pei m 


buvrts oi inese rare. Volvo. 
Volkswagen. Audi. Ctlroen. 
Honda Pw A Davies. Volvo 
Dealers. OreiKeOer Tel 0002 
820507 loriov or 0285 69112 
dunng rtifce hours tor an kn- 
mraiale valuation 


> North London f-' 
pertenred loir vales profrteMual 
lequued lo Wll odverUsUig 
ware In luiltonal newspaper 
puUKallom. Earnings potential 
unlmuira Phone Mike 
TumtmH on 624 7211 NOW' 



NCCOTIATOR. Dynamie. hard 
working. 25/35. lo Min our 
sik-ri-nful rental learn. Expert 
rare preferred Mil not eMcnUal 
Musi he i or owner Apply in 
writing- Ouraifhi Coral online. 
270 Eaih a Rd . London. SWS 

EXKRKMXD nraoualor re- 
auued foi retdab office of 
HoUaint Park firm xpecabrng 
Ih London and Country house 
Irtlinqs Perrds. Ol 221 1404. 

SPECIAL Girl warded lo help run 
rnolrt In AiNirta Dec -April. 
Musi ue dii evreUenl rook and 
speak Gerrnan. Ol 486 8865 



In prestigious- West End bro- 
kerage for determined self- 
motivated. over 25 year 
olds, who require substantial 
remuneration and excellent 

Cafl Ms Rayburn n 

01-409 3199 


required to Join busy resi- 

derma! sales 
Experience not essential 
but initiative end tenacity 
are. Car owner. 

Barnard Marcus 
01-834 7045 



WEST BCD All Bonk BMP ; “rtite 
mil iu maw- 
rti vail -drill 

HfflitX in NT G«Hg«-.Vri* uwl 

H Bilk- silrort. 6W1 

T _| ontipiiivi coin Pn r odillv This voutre 
Iri-iKti rmnomurtil iraufttoa 

sw Pit Itol mi Irtwraisr who 
will n." wihkig to HSW'jSilSS, 

rv MX kniiw On-Mil IBM WJ» rrttl 
piHns and Hi HP" 

wxih the romwm av lh «-s m - 
rxpaiMtiiiq rapid tv- All ''"■"J * 1 
qirofi VruiJti terand rc 
quunrl would s»w l amrthora 
roltngp b-avn/gradurtv- tejarj 
£H 500 to start Agr 20* 
OI 629 1204 

PMT-TWC »2 cpu, ^ 1M .”5Sl 
trai xaiaiv Plus hunra ana 
lunch allowanfr Famous Man 
OgrtTM-nl OCTtoUlldlK»/hrt^ 
hun to. m *’''*■ 1 
Dli-asaiii vuHl- aud smart aa 

togroc Ihrtr vrowrx 
iiwilrlviKMtd toorth-ncp W J" 
lypuiti Agr 26-40 Shore auitov 
wMh ritioilKT tcccwum^ dSl? 
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Cutting back on power 

generates prospects 
oi a healthier future 


oiyas is-s 

by Jean-Marie 


*»,FIA and iheir sp„™“ 

uje rtA and their sporting 
division, FISA. willlJS 
♦ ttnanily achieve the broad 
objective of icducinc ^ 

John Blnnsden 

In 1988 the pendulum will 
^mg further in favour of 
normally aspirated engines 
with another reduction in 
turfao-boost pressure in con- 
JHfJP’.on with a fuel limit of 
150 hires, whereas cars wfth 

inders on the new breed of 
three-and-a-haJf litre engines. 
The majority of existing and 
adaptable engines are of V8 
configuration and a three-and- 
a-half litre version of the three 
litre Ford DFY. for example; 

- ■* — ■■ » iCUUCine tht* .u : "im I v>u 1/r i 4 iu* tuiiiLn^ 

power, speed and cost of Brand ^ree-and-a-half litre engines could become an effective 

nnv rap*;.... _ .. 6*«na will hnvp iiniwioAi^ C. I CT I-U1- 

as its 

•*« k» 


«t *•-. 

1 • Cl 
•:» Vf- 
ei s.i 


:i •. 
M !•» 


.*1 .*• 


* :ia 

« >i 1 9 

pnx racing as well 
potential dangers. 

.The’ new rules are to be 
Phased in over a two-year 
pcnod. at the end of which 

one-and-a-half litre turbo* 

i!w d ^ nsine * only type 
permuted under the pJesiSS 
regufauons. win be Cj 

hSif ^f. pJaced by three-and-a- 
half litre normally aspirated 
engines with a maximum of 1 2 
cylinders .However, the three- 
and-a-half litre engines will be 

' ?Q?4 b1 fr°m ihe beginning 
of 1 987, when the rurbos will 
become subject to power- 
w curbing restrictions, with even 
bgbtCT consirajnis following 

Whereas a turbo-charged 
Formula One engine can pro- 
duc f “P w 1300 bhp in 
qualifying form and about 850 
bnp m race trim, in 1987 all 
engines must run (in qualify- 
ing as well as in the race) with 
a pop-off valve which will 
permit a maximum lurbo- 
boosl pressure of four bar. 

Together with a ban on 
multi-stage turbo-charging, 
water injection, oval pistons 
and the use of liquids in 
intercoolers, this is expected 
to achieve a significant step 
towards the ultimate goal of a 
maximum power output of 
600-650 bhp. 

Cars with turbo-chaiged en- 
gines will continue to have a 
minimum weight limn of 540 
kilograms and a maximum 
fuel capacity of 195 litres, but 
those with normally aspirated 
engines will be subject to a 500 
kilogram limit with the same 
fuel capacity. 

This suggests that cars with 
turbo-charged engines will 
continue to be the pace-setters 
for much of next season, if 
only because most teams will 
be relying upon further devel- 
oped and suitably adapted 
versions of their present 
machinery. Nevertheless, a 
team which opts to take the 
normally aspirated route this- 
winter and to forge a dose 
liaison with an engine supplier 
able to initiate =-a speedy 
development programme, 
could be looking very compet- 
itive by the end of 1987. 

will have unrestricted fad 
capacity. To encourage teams 
10 normally aspirated 
engines next year, FISA are to 
run a supplementary world 

championship for them with 
the winning driver and 
receiving the Jim Clark and 
the CoTin Chapman cups 

While there has been a wide 
measure of agreement among 
teams, drivers and race 
promoters concerning the 
need to reduce speeds and 
costs. FISA's solution must be 
seen, at best as a less than 
perfect compromise. It is cer- 
tain to bun some teams (it 
remains to be seen, for exam- 
ple. whether the superior fuel 
efficiency of the Honda engine 
can be sustained under the 
revised rules) and to favour 
others, in particular those who 
have been fighting a losing 
battle against the ever-spiral- 
ling costs of the turbo era. 

It is the cost factor, in 
particular, which will largely 
govern the long-term health of 
grand prix racing and its 
continuing appeal to the ma- 
jor sponsors who provide its 
lifeline. For this reason. FISA 
may yet regret that it did not 
impose a limit of eight cyl- 

power unit at an affordable 

In making these fun- 
damental rule changes. FISA 
bat-e at Iasi acknowledged the 
damage which has been 
caused to the health of grand 
prix racing by the excessively 
powerful and costly turbo- 
charged engines which, only a 
few years ago. they were 
defending so vociferously. 
With every’ team burdened 
with a heavy investment in 
turbo-charged cars, it is only 
right that they should be 
phased out over a period. The 
cost of doing so may be one. 
and perhaps two. rather 
confusing seasons ahead. 

More than ever before, driv- 
ers will need to be with the 
right team, and the right team 
one year may not turn out to 
be the right one next, or even 
during different pans of the 
same season. Two years from 
now grand prix racing should 
be in better shape than at any 
time since that milestone day 
in 1977 when the first turbo- 
charged Formula One car 
slipped almost unnoticed on 
to the starting grid and was 
largely ignored by the grand 
prix hierarchy until it was too 

Warwick deluded 

Shizuoka. Japan (Renter) — A 
timekeeping error by race of- 
ficials deprived Derek Warwick 
or the World sponsor driving 
championship yesterday, show- 
ing a feUow-Bnton, Derek Bell, 
to share the title with Hans 
Stock. oT West Germany, for the 
second year ranning. Warwick 
believed he had . taken the 
chanqrionship when his Jaguar 
XJR6 was awarded second place 
in the final race of the season, 
the Fnjf 1,000 Ions, la Croat of a 
crowd of 83/100 in the shadow of 
Moant Fuji. 

The- 16 points lor second 
would have pot him three ahead 
of Befl and. Stack, who had 
suffered a chapter of accidents 
on their way to fini s hi n g a lowly 
26th fa their Porsche. Bat two . 
hoars ijftertbe finish of the race* 
officials corrected the remits,".: 
placing Warwick and feus' co- 
driver Eddie Cheever, of the 
United States, hi third place and 

handing Bell and Stuck the title 
by one point. 

The Italian drivers, Ptarcarlo 
Gbinzano and Panto Barilla, 
won the race in a Porsche 956, 
crossing the finish fine a fall lap 
and 45 seconds ahead of Frank 
Jetinski (West Germany) and 
Stanley Dickens (Sweden), also 
driving a Porsche 956. 

Cheever and Warwick fin- 
ished .21 seconds behind 
JetihskJ and Dickens. Bell and 
Stuck lost a wheel on the 33rd 
lap and the car later broke a 
drives haft costing them 17 laps. 
Bat they retained their champ- 
ionship with 82 points, followed 
by Warwick, on 81, and 

RESULTS i PQMnzariand P Barite 
Porsche USB. Shr 2Mi 2SL332 mc, C 
ttpafc 2, F Jofinski (WQ) and S Dio 
(Sn) -Poncho 956, &3K\XZn. (229 
&•»* JL E Chaever (US) and D Warwick 
A on* XJRS, £3032.104. (226 
Fta! portions: 1 oqoal. D Bafl 
a amok nmsa. 82 pohns; a, 
<■ la teifi , 78; 5. Ch— voc, 

By David Hands 
Rugby Correspondent 

Wasps — H . 



Shastri thrives in the turmoil 

From Richard Streetoo, Ahraedahad 

India gained a winning 3-1 
lead in the one-day series when 
they easily beat Australia in the 
fifth international here yes- 
terday. It was. though, an un- 
ed ifving occasion, with Madan 
Lai recalled to the crease a fter an 
altercation between an umpire 
and Boon. During the lunch 
interval the player apologized to 
the official for his behaviour. 

The atmosphere was soured 
even more by the behaviour of 
the crowd. They have an 
unendearing habit of bqoing 
batsmen, who fail. Shastn, the 
outstanding Indian player in the 
game, escaped the treatment but 
everyone else suffered, with the 
crescendo of jeers and taunts at 
their worst for the Australians. 

There was also a five-minute 
hold-up ai the end of the 
Australian innings when spec- 
taiors threw bottles on to the 

Australia must have scented a 
win when they gained early 
successes and finally restricted 
India to 193. But the wretched 
atmosphere together with 
India's skilful spinners and 
some outstanding fielding, u- 
nallv got through to them. I ne 

innings never' recovered from 
the early dismissals of Boon and 
Jones. Four run outs tell a 
revealing story of panic and 
disenchantment, perhaps, and 
India won by 52 runs. The sixth 
and final international is at 
Rajkot tomorrow. 

Madan LaJ's recall will be 
argued about for days. He and 
Shastri were sharing a seventh- 
wicket stand which effectively 
rescued India. They came 
together at 98 for six in ihe 26th 
over and the total was 151 when 
Madan pulled Gilbert high on 
.the .leg-side. Marsh, almost on 
the square leg fence, made some 
ground and took, the catch as be 
tumbled forward. 

Madan Lai had had almost 
disappeared when the umpire at 
the bowler's end, Mr B.R. 
Keshavamurthy, and Shastri 
both waved the player to return. 
Mr Keshavamurihy, with whom 
jursidicton lay. had presumably 
changed his mind much to 
Boon's consternation. _ . . 

Both umpires were officiating 
in their first international and 
the incident, which lasted six or 
seven minutes, had the 60,000 
crowd on their feet roaring and 


S Gimufcar b Daws . 

K Srikkantti c Dynr b Gdbort . 
R L M Lamba run out 

M AztHwuddm cand b dbert 

TCapfl Dev c Boon bWauaft 

tCS Pandfl c Border b Matthews 

R J Shawn c Jones b Davis 

Madan Lai ran oca 

RMH BinnycBoonb McDermott 
GopN Sterna b Dans . 

Marauder Singh not out . 
i(B>3, wll.nbl) 

Extras (B»i 
Total {<7.4 overs) 

_ 12 
- 26 

- 17 
_ 10 
_ 6 

— 8 

- 53 

- 30 

- t 

- 7 
_ 8 

- 15 

FALL. OF WICKETS: T-33. 2-59. 3-77. 4- 
81. 5-86. 6-96. 7-166, 8-166. 8-181. 10- 

BOWLING: Davis 9A-0-35-3; McDermott 
8-1-84-1; Gilbert 1WJ-528; Waugft 10-0- 
48-1: Matthews ID- 1-33-1. 


G R Marsh run out 43 

□ C Boon c Madan La! b Kapfl Dev — $ 

DMJonesc Lamba bKajtiuev 2 

*AR Border rtn out __ — *3 

G M Ritchie run out 22 

GRJMatttwwscSrOdcarahDGSnania 0 

SRW&ugh c Pandit b Shastn 8 

— 6 
_ 4 

— 3 
_ 7 

— 3 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-9. 2-17. 346. 4- 
104. 5-105. 6-126. 7-126, 8-130. 9-138. IQ- 

BOWLING: Ka<d Dev 6-1-17-2: Birmy 6-0- 
27-0: Snastn 9-2-23-2: Gopal Slianna 10- 
0-42-1: MarNnder Singh 10-3-29-0; Madan 
Lai 03-0-3-1. 

B R Kas ha vamurthy and M G 



McDermott « Paratt b Shastri 
D R Gibert not out . 

S P Daws b Madan I 

Extras (w 3) 

Total (433 overa) 


Chance to assess Next 
Milton’s great talent 

By Jenny MacArfhnr 

John Whitaker and the 
magnificent Next Milton, win- 
ner of last month s £30.000 
Sgary Grand Prix. ^11 pye 

the British public a ctana to 
assess their formidabie talent 
when they compete at ibis 
week's Horse of the Year Show. 
Sf grand finale of the eques- 
trian year, which begins tonight 
in the Wembley Arena. 

Whitaker, and * 5 *. 

British international nderscoj£ 

! ffVjr£?SS 

FSS| 1C Nonh"«>d 0 U Lujlly Md 
Keck befoie WernWey- to* 


Whiter and Milton. »5°e>Y* 
„oV™ Ofa powerful P»_r»en*Hp 


Milton and Ryan* 
bi8 «li^ritoa having a ™*« 

aMop j” "ridSlSio 

UShrith Whitaker in d* "jg 

ESSw? 1 . 

Warren Point and Amanda m 
the big classes and Coarrway for 
the speed ones- Mateo tra Pyrrni 
has the 14 year-old Toweriands 
Anglczarice - apparently none 
the worse after his dramauc fell 
in the second round of the 
Calgary Grand Prix. 

Nick Skehon is without his 
consistent Wembley winner Si 
James, who is still recovenng 
from a tendon injury and relies 
instead on Raffles Apouo. Ted 
Edgar's Everest stables, for 
whom Skelton used tondehasa 
thinner than usual entry. Janet 
Hunter has the JeP«™J“ r e 
Lisnamarrow but Liz Edgar, 
who sold her brilliant Everest 
Forever three weeks ago w the 
American professional Barney 
Want puts her ™ 
young horses - Everest Asher 
£d Rapier. The tenr. o«m«J 
by the, Count^ofjnch^ 

beth II Cup in June, but he ts 
only seven and Mrs Edgar feels 
he ^really needs another yew 
before competing regularly in 

^fjtber 65 ! international ridere 

ssas! w* ag 


riders are headed by 

Germany's Paul Schodkemdhte 
with Deistenthe winners of tiie 
Hickstffld Derby- in -*?, 
national cl^es begin lomgbl 
with the Rafltes Classic- 


Telford draws 
players out 
of retirement 

By Rex Bellamy 

John Fearer and Richard 
Lewis, who bare played a com- 
bined total, of 16 Davis Cup 

singles for Britain, wOl be 
among today's competitors in 
the Refuge Assurance national 
championships at Telford. 
Lewis broke even in 12 Davis 

Cop matches from 1977 to 1982 
bet Fearer. (1977 to 1980) lost 
every one of hisfour stoles —all 
of them a gainst Romania. 
Fearer twice played Hie Nas- 
ttsc, taking him to fonr sets in 
Bucharest in 1977 and to five 
sets at Bristol in 1980. 

Fearer, aged 34, and Lewis, 
31, have retired from regular 
competition. So has the inaugu- 
ral 1983 national champion, 
Chris Bradmun, aged 28, who 
will also be in action today. Tbe 
programme in the women's -sin- 
gles features another once* 
familiar player. Glynis Coles, 
aged' 32, who represented Brit- 
ain in the 1974, 1975 and 1980 
world championships for the 
Federation Cop and also played, 
for her country in theWigbtman 
Cnp scries against the United 
Stares from 1973 to 1981. 

Bradnam, Fearer, Lewis and 
Miss Coles are not among the 16 
players seeded in each singles 
event, who base been granted 
byes into the second round. The 
singles champions at Telford 
wiD each receive £8-500. The 
total prize money at stake wili be. 

It was not a match from which 
10 draw definitive conclusions. 
Wasps scored points at the 
Rectory Field on Saturday with 
the relentless drip of water from 
a leaky tap and. but for a 
forgjveable lapse in concentra- 
tion late in the game, they might 
have had more. 

As it was they scored five 
goals, four tries and two penalty 
goals to a try. a thoroughly 
comfortable afternoon for 
Kevin Simms to make his first 
senior appearance and-with the 
knowledge that their back di- 
virion has yet to gain the 
rapport which familiarity will 

Poor Blackbeath, suffering 
late withdrawals from their 
backs before the match began, 
lost Slack from their pack 
midway into the first half. The 
No- 8 went off holding his left 
wrist — there were three further • 
forearm injuries during .the . 
afternoon — and found a bone ' 
was broken in his left hand 
which win keep -him out of 
t om or row's game between the 
Combined England Students 
and Japan. Essuihigb moved to 
the back row and played man- 
fully, but the alarming regularity 
with which Pinnegar and 
Probyn popped up later in the 

game indicates the ease with 
which the Wasps tight forwards 
held their own. 

In such circumstances the 
visiting back row had a field 
day. though they had to leave 
the try scoring to their backs, 
save for one which Rose scored. 
He is the type of all-round back- 
five forward who would suit 
England squad needs. He has 
the height to win lineout ball 
and the speed to cover the 
ground and he enjoyed himself 
on Saturday. 

Behind the scrum Wasps have 
many talents, with Bailey still to 
come. Ironically they have lost 
three scrum halves in a short 
space - Melville. Bates (whose 
forearm is still not properly 
mended after five months) and 
Cullen (now with Richmond). 
Pratt, a Bristolian, has come 
into the team and scored two 
tries, but his pass is variable and 
one wonders whether Richard 
Moon, of Nottingham, may not 
end up at Sudbury; he is 
working now for a London Jaw 
firm and may find, as others 
have before him, that travelling 
back to the Midlands constantly 
is no fun. 

Were that to be the case, he 
would renew acquaintance with 
Andrew, his partner at Cam- 
bridge in 1984 and at Notting- 
ham last season. It is a positive 
Andrew who has returned from 
Australia; he made a delightful 
break with the game only five 
minutes old, which ensured 
thereafter that the Blackheath 

Fairn error fatal 

By Nicholas Keith 



Leicester 13 

Leicester did not distinguish 
themselves in beatinga depleted 
Coventry in the John Smith's 
merit table on Saturday by a 
goal, a try and a penalty to four 
penalties. This was an in- 
auspicious game for the new 
league system, for the Midlands, 
who are divisional champions, 
and also for England's pro- 

However, Alan Davies, the 
Midland's coach and his feQow 
selectors, were not disheanened. 
Davies, who successfully 
coached Nottingham for 10 
years, has been given respon- 
sibility for improving skills in 
the England squad and put in 
charge of the B team. He is also 
an associate selector who at- 
tends meetings and offers advice 
without having a vote on the 
choice of the team. 

There was special interest in 
the relative performances of the 
No. 8s. Robbins and Richards, 
who both represented England 
twice last season. In Davies's 
view Robbins had marginally 
the better game behind a beaten 

pack and even impressed with 
his handling. 

The Coventry front row re- 
mained formidable even with- 
out Brain, the England hooker, 
who has departed for Rugby: 
Roberts, from Natal, had to 
concede two heels against ihe 
head on. his debut for Leicester. 
Nevertheless. Leicester ach- 
ieved an abundance of pos- 
session. which they squandered. 
Credit is due to the young 
Coventry backs, who tackled 

In the end Leicester were let 
in by a ghastly error from Fairn. 
the Coventry full back who tried 
to field a high kick with arms 
outstretched; Cusworth capital- 
ized on his own speculative punt 
and on a lucky bounce to score 
an unconverted try with 20 

minutes of the match left 
SCORERS: Cownay - Penalties: Fakn 
(2). Clark (Zf. Leicester- Tries Retains. 
Cusworth. Conversion: Here. Penalty 

COVENTRY M Faint: J tw. K Jams. C 
MerSortl. C Wymen J Mnotiea. D QaiK; L 
Johnson (captain). A Farrington, S Wfifces. 
A Guam. M Trumpet, B Kuner. RTravts. 

LEICESTER: W Hare: B Evans. P Dodge. 
T Butfenwre, R Underwood: L Cusworth 
(caoetnL N Youngs: S Rfldfem. H 
Roberts. W Richardson. J Wfefe. M 
Fouiks-Arnoid. T Smith. » Snvth. D 

RHkw l Buttemea (East Wdbratey 

West hold off Heriot’s 

West of Scotland showed 
admirable fighting qualities and 
no little skill in beating Herioi's 
-FP 27 points to 21 in their 
opening game of the Me Ewan's 
National League on 'Saturday 
(lan McLauchtan writes). 

West staned well but fell 
behind to two tries by Kevin 
Rafferty, from a lineout and a 
cleverly worked back row ploy 
which saw the same-player feed 
O'Neill for a score. Russell 
converted both. .. 

After 24 minutes, however, • 
Duncan. sprinted m for a score ■ 
after good work by Buchanan- 
SmrtJb and Caklerwood. Barrett 
convened. Three minutes later a 
Gray lmeoui deflection was 
moved quickly to Ross and he 
ran through for a try which 
Barrett convened to- bring the 
scores level. 

With five minutes of the half 
left Barren, the home stand-off 

half, cut inside from a scrum, 
found Calderwood. who broke 
clear to give Buchanan-Smiih 
the try. Barrett again converted 
to take his side in to the interval 
with an 18-12 lead. 

Both sides kicked early pen- 
alties in the second half before 
Ross seized on a loose Herioi's 
pass to scorch through for a 
brilliant try. With Barrett's 
conversion West stretched their 
lead to 27 points to 15. Hewitt 
reduced the arrears with a 
runaway try 15 metres from his 
own line, convened by Russell. 

Hawick started their 
championship defence with a 
decisive 24-7 win over Jed- 
ForesL The scorers for Hawick 
were Ren wick. Mitchell and 
Stainger who had tries. Banner- 
man dropped a goal and Easton 
kicked three penalties. Jed- 
Fo rest's scores came from a try 
by Hogg and a Law penalty. 

Japanese too deft 
for Cornish power 

By Gordon Allao 




. 3fi 


Wasp's victim: Read, of Blackheath, cannot avoid Rose's clutches (Photograph: lan Stewart) 

Field day for visiting backs 

Cornish opinion after the 
match at Redruth on Saturday 
was that they had been playing 
against a team of IS backs. The 
Japanese won by three goals, 
three tries and two penalty goals 
to a goal and three penalties, and 
if you take the margin of victory 
as statistical proof of the (art 
that they were about twice as 
fast as Cornwall, you would not 
be far wrong. 

Nor was speed the only 
difference between the sides. 
Much has been made of the 
Japanese lack of weight and 
power in the forwards and ot 
their consequent inability to get 
the better of the opposition 
where it matters most. But they 
held the bulky Cormshmen in 
the light scrums, sometimes 
pushed them into retreat, and 
even took a heel against the 
head. Kunhara and Sakuraha 
kepi them supplied with the ball 
from (he lineouts and Miya- 
moto personified their policy' oi 
hcctir motion and inexhaustible 
support in the loose. 

Matsuo kicked cleverly from 
stand-utTand hid a hand or foot 
in must of the tries, two nf which 
were scored by Murai from full 




By Gerald Davies 

back. Cornwall could not hope 
to match ihaL Champion broke 
several Japanese tackles earlv in 
the game to give the false 
impression that superior phy- 
sique would prevail. The Japa- 
nese went on to break, or better 
still evade, a few tackles of iheir 
own. and Cornwall, apan from 
the odd spark of individual 
enterprise, could do link except 
took clumsy by comparison. 

By the time Cornwall put 
their first points on the board, 
just after the interval, the Japa- 
nese led 16-0. Rule, the 
Camborne scrum half, kicked 
three penalties, the second from 
45 yards, and converted a 

penalty try but more uplifting 
rugby by the Japanese en- 
thralled the 5.000 crowd and 
produced four further tries, 
including a second by Onuki. 
the left-wing. 

SCORERS: CmiwA Nnh Try. 
CMvtreon: Run. PmiaMme RJd i3l 
JatMMMK Tim*.- Murai (?l. Oftuhi <?). 
Miyamoto KOftohi Conwratona: Manuo 
i3> Pa nMfca* Matsuo t?> 

CORNWALL: A Bu urn iRufruthl. J 
BonMafi (Camborne). G CfcanwlM 
(Trurej. P Stnk* tTaamom. D WMta 
(CamrxmM). J Boon (linroi. D RmM 
(CamtxJinaj. J May iRataum). M Wastmn 
iMavfel R Kaaat (ftaaumv 8 UgMoM 
(Fataojihi. P EM (ReOuOii. A Caoh 
iHav*0i. 8 Howanh (Piymoutn Abon, 
Cjpta*’) R Com (Si lues i 
JAPAN: C Minai N Taumoetniau. r 
YMhmo S Haaa S Onuu. n Matsuo. V 
nonaru. O OMa. T Fupia icartuii. M 
Airawa h Miyamoto. 1 Gahuraba. S 
KirJvn. M TsucitoL m emoa. 

RcfOTK D Lesfee (ScothMI 

in the 
slow lane 

By Bryan Stiles 

defence would be looking for 
him. his passing was good and 
he no longer dwells over his 
goal-kicking, even on a dav 
when the gusty wind made life 
awkward for kicking itaeball out 
of hand or off the ground. 

The Wasps back division has 
a nicely balanced look to il 
S imms, though not under severe 
tesL mov ed the hall intelligently 
and Fellow, who prefers centre, 
will not give up either that 
position or the wing without a 
struggle. All this and one almost 
forgets Huw Davies, who is not 
expected to play again until 
December after his shoulder 
operation. Better tests, against 
Bristol and Cardiff lie in the 
next fortnight. 

Wasps were 17-0 up at the 
interval, playing against the 
wind and Btackheath's only 
source of ball was Hursey in the 
lineout. Cokell went oft to be 
replaced by McHardy, but even 
the dub coach could not bring 
inspiration to his side, though 
Hughes followed up Meharg's 
kick ahead for Blackheatfa’s 
solitary score. 

SCORERS: Ha c li h aa M t — Try: Hughas. 
Waapa — Tries; Ptfow (2L 5*nms (2J. 
Pratt (2). Smith. Andrew, Bose. Conver- 
sions: Andrew (5k PanaliiiiK'Andiew oi 
BLACKEATK C Partcen S Mehara. S 
Adayami, L Cokefl Jim. H McHardyk N 
Alcorn; G Hucpies. C Read: P Essanragh. 
D Butter. J Runer. D Vaughan, D Hursey 
(captxnk J Wnhart G Herndon. S Slack 
(rap. J Montnomoryk 
WASPS: NStnrwarS Smith. K Simms. R 
Lozowsfa. R Pobcw; R Andrew. N PretC P 
RendaH.ASmrmpna.J Probyn. M Rrgby.C 
Pinnegar, j Bornier. D PegUrfeapten). M 

Refeiw: R McDoweM (Munsterk 

Harlequins to 
get second 
All Black 

By David Hands 

Harlequins, who already have 
one former New Zealand cap- 
tain, Stuart Wilson, playing for 
their lower teams, are almost 
certain to be joined by another in 
the near future when David 
Loveridge arrives in this coun- 
try. bringing his family with 

Loveridge, the Taranaki 
scrum half, capped 24 times in 
major international for his conn- 
try, is aiming to make an 
extended two-year stay in En- 
gland. I understand that he is 
employing a manager to ran his 
pig farm in Inglewood and is 
looking at several business op- 
tions daring his stay here. 

It is natural enough for 
Loveridge to join Harlequins 
who, apart from a connection 
with New Zealand of many years 
standing, have both Wilson and 
Jamie Salmon (who toured with 
Loveridge in France in 1981 
when he won his caps for New 
Zealand) in their playing ranks. 

It is not yet known whether 
Loveridge entertains any am- 
bition to play first-class rugby; ' 
Wilson, foe instance, is happily 
engaged in Harlequins fourth 
team. Bnt the dob could hardly 
overlook the fact that only tost 
summer, Loveridge was playing 
against So nth Africa for the 
New Zealand Cavaliers. The 
propriety of (hat tour apart, the 
standard of play was such that 
Loveridge's skills would be a 
welcome addition to Harlequins' 
first-team squad. 

Loveridge is now 34, but 
during his international career, 
which began against Wales in 
J978. he won golden opinions for 
his ability at scrum half, notably 
in 1983 in the four-match series 
against the British Lions. 

Harlequins lost their un- 
beaten record on Saturday when 
they were beaten 25-15 at 
Twickenham by Swansea. They 
conceded 10 points in the open- 
ing imnntes, to tries by Clements 
sum Gilson. Clements scored a 
third ami Wyatt kicked 13 
points so Harlequins* co m eback, 
beaded by tries from Salmon 
and Skinner, proved too little too 

Cardiff _ 




The loss of Alan Williams, the 
Newport prop. 25 minutes into 
the iirsi half when Newport 
were in the lead, disrupted any 
plans his team had of recovering 
some of the reputation which 
has been dented of laic in their 
heavy defeats against Bath and 

Power cannot be sustained in 
the front row with a wing 
forward — Paul Roberts in this 
case — as a replacement prop 
and power there is a prerequisite 
of Newport's play. With this 
change Cardiff pushed and 
heaved them back as if on tram 
lines and on one occasion 
Roberts, jammed from behind, 
took vertically to the air at an 
uncomfortable angle. It lakes a 
philosophical mind and one free 
or vertigo to face the 25 minutes 
that still remained. But he did so 

Cardiff, recognizing the clear 
signs, drove the point home — 
but laboriously. Time and again 
they pushed and. then, held the 
ball monotonously at the back 
of the scrum, and then pushed 
some more. With greater variety 
and by exploiting the obvious 
skills of Donovan and Ring in 
midfield, who showed some deft 
handling touches, the game 
rould have gone earlier and 
easier their way. 

Twenty minutes into the sec- 
ond half Newport were in the 
lead at 13-12 but three tries in 
six minutes gave Cardiff a 
comfortable margin of victory 

Both John and Turner, the 
respective stand-off halves, 
played well but within the limits 
of a game dominated by scrums 
and lines-ouL There was little 
that either side was willing to do 
in broken play. With so much 
kicking, a good deal of which 
.was misdirected, the opportu- 
nities for counter-attacks were 
ignored. The side to bring it 
back into fashion might gain no 
small reward. 

Turner had kicked two pen- 
alties to John's one when, with 
Williams off Cardiff tried three 
times to force the scrum over 
the visitors' line and failed 
before Paul Ring. Mark’s 
brother, picked the ball up at 
No. 8 and. with some relief 
ploughed his way over. John 

SCORERS: Cardiff - Tries: P Reg (2J. 
M Rng. G Dames. Conversions: G John 
(3) Penates: G John (2). Newport - 
Toes; J White. J Gated. Conuaruons: P 
Turner HI- Penates: P Turner (3). 
CARDIFF: M Rayer, G Dawes. A Donovan 
ICapta'i), M Ring. A Hadley: G John. G 
PnKhard: J WhnatoH. J Souto. I Ealman. 
G Roberts. K Edwards. R Norsier. T 

Cro diOT. P Ring. 

KEWOKT: p Rms: J White. G Davies. & 
CaHard. S McWAam; P Turner. N Cated; 
F Hamm M Watkmsjcaptam). A wubanw 
(rep: P Rooensj. G George. R Young, A 
Perry, R Powefl. D Waters. 

Reform: R F Ctarke (Scottish RFlfl 

The tedious business of nego- 
tiating long motorway rood- 
works. with iheir hair-raising 
contraflows and attendant long 
static queues of os crfiralcd 
drivers, is not the sort of 
preparation recommended be- 
fore sitting through one of the 
dreariest games of the day. 

The rest of the spectators at 
The Reddings must have been 
almost as frustrated as my 
fellow travellers on the Mi as 
i hey watched two sets oT for- 
wards grappling with each other 
in such joyless fashion. The 
game rarely got out of the slow 
lane, but at least the home 
supporters took home the 
consolation that their side had 
collected valuable points in the 
John Smith's merit table A with 
this victory by two tries, to a 

Sale hardly looked like the 
team that finished at the top of 
the table last season but they 
gave Moseley a fright in the 
seventh minute when Jenion, 
the fullback went clean through 
almost unopposed from a 
tapped penalty to score a try to 
which he added the conversion 

It took Moseley until early in 
the second half to regain their 
confidence. Having won a 
scrum near the Sale line their 
pack introduced a contraflow of 
their own, pushing the visitors 
backwards for almost 10 metres 
before Hickey, their No. 8, 
grabbed the ball and twisted his 
way out of two tackles before 
scoring a try. 

The usually reliable Metcalfe 
missed with the easy conversion 
attempt but luckily for Moseley 
he was more accurate with his 
touch-flnding and he kept them 
on the offensive after some fiery 
thrusts by the Sale pack had 
almost let Kenrick in for a try. 

Moseley's scrum half. Rob- 
son. finally saved the day with a 
rare piece of enterprise. Again, 
the opportunity was set up by 
the forwards as they forced their 
opponents to re i real at a scrum. . 
With the defence looking decid- 
edly ragged Robson was able to 
stride through for a try after 
sellinga neat dummy which sent 
everybody tearing off in the 
wrong direction. 

SCORERS; Moseley: Trias: Hickey, Rob- 
son. Sale: Try. Jenion. Co nyteio n. 

MOSELEY: l MMcaKa; A Jama*. C 
Amtzen, A Hitchm. J Goodwin; J 
Gatehouse. S Robson; VUboOi.G Cox. G 
Smsti, R Barr. R Tuckwood. R Denhardt 
G Cairns. K Hickey 

SALE: G Janlcm ; C Dttkanoon. P StamMO. 
T Outran. H Bsmamn; T Egan. H Frtton; D 
Butcnar, A Simpson. M Canary, n 
G aftoy. F Thomas, I McKie. S Tippng. M 

Referee: D Mathews (LwarpooQ- 

Buckton confirms class 

By George Ace 

Ulster - 




Anglo-Irish agreement on 
anything is rare, but it is 
doubtful whether there would 
have been one dissenting voice 
among the several thousand at 
Ravcnhil! on Saturday if there 
had been a man-of-uie-roatch 
award at. this game and the 
recipient had been Peter 
Buckton. the Yorkshire captain 
and open-side wing forward. 

Buckton gave a non-stop 
performance both in attack and 
defence that again underlined 
the widely held belief that he 
must Ik the best uncapped 
flanker m the home countries. 

Although Ulster eventually 
won by two goals, three tries and 
two penalties to two goals and a 

penally, it was only in the last 
quarter that territorial advan- 
tage was turned into points and 
four tries scored. 

SCORERS Water Tries: Rmgted ft 
Rogers. McDonald. Croft Conwatana: 
Brown ft Panamas: Brown ft Yaifc- 
JIivk Tries: Buckton, Wrwcomoe 
Converaim: Whisker. Gray. Penalty; 

ULSTER: P I Rainey (Baftymorat T R 
Rtofltand (BaRymana). D G Iraki 

S inonians. Capon), JA Hewitt (NIFC). K 
Crossed (tnsttkkansi; I D Brown 
(Malone). S D Cowan (Mwne); A P MBar 
(BaBytnena). J P McDonald (Malone), J J 
McCoy (Bangor). W R Oincan (Malone), C 
Morrison (Malone), j R Rogers ( Bangor). 
N J Carr (Aids) (rep: Craft, WorsansJ. W 
A Anderson (Dungannon). 

YORKSHIRE: J Whisker (Gostorth) (rep: 
Watktewion, Ofley): R WWtfap (HaMax). J 
Bentley (Otoy), S Tewnend Stakehea). C 
Harris (WDwteWI; P Grey (RountfViy). G 

huL. iUmmmmbV U lilfcitn.i mhn 
Hrvm inw i ufjeJB i, m WimCOtiuJu ■ 

fartfL P Sellar (HuB and E Rxhng). A Rice 
(Hut and E Hiring). R SeBwk (Head- 
incieyL D Baldwin (WMcetaM. A Freser 
iHftaaingtey). P Bucirtoti (Orrd. Captain). 
J Chapman (Midrittbraugh). 

Referee: D ) H BufflMt (Lemsted. 

Stabler stops Sheffield 

Ingram twins share the honours 

By Michael Stevenson 

Liverpool St Helens..— 26 
Broughton Park 10 

Liverpool St Helens cele- 
brated iheir Whitbread leam-of- 
the-month award with a 

convincing Non hern 'Merit ta- 
ble victory over Broughton Park 
on Satutday. The result was 
flattering to ihe losers, but the 
courage and dedication of iheir 
defence, based on their back 
row. : prevented LSfl| from 
inflicting - a more wounding 

David Ingram was facing his 
brother John in the Liverpool 
lack row. Twin brothers are 
often uncannily dose— and they 
were certainly that in terms of 
uncompromising tackling and 
fierce competition for the loose 

LSH led at the ' interval 
through a try by the elusive 
Jeffrey and made by Simms, 
who convened. Two penalties 
by Simms, with a try by Catiow 
between, virtually settled the 

Brown, on the left wing, 
showed pace and enterprise, 
picking up a good try but LSH 

added further tries by Wellans 
and John Ingram.' Brother 
David's reaction was to score for 

Scorers: Liverpool St Helens: Trias; 
Jeffrey. Catiow. Weiians. J Ingram: pan- 
after. Smms ft; converelooo: Simms ft. 
Broughton Paric Trieas Brown. D Ingram; 
co nversio n : Bwanto. 

Tanner. N Simms. B WfeBara. G Appteton.- 
I Jeffrey. G Jones. K Conway- K Rattan 
tcapomKC King. JHsscttL M Hale (rap: T 
Moms). T Swan. J Ingram. Q Caflw. 

Knowies. G Higgmttnhjm. c Morgan. S 
Browa A Rknmer. A Uvssk J O'Hara. O 
Brarins- N Picknanca. J Wade. S 
Morwry. 0 Stone. D Ingram. M Seven. 
Referee: R jwiansr- 

The unluckiest Northern side 
on Saturday must surely have 
' been Sheffield, manfully striv- 
ing to cope with a lengthy list of 
injuries and departures (Mi- 
chael Stevenson writes). At 
home to West Hartlepool they 
led 19-13 into the final minute 
until a try near the corner flag by 
Owen was majestically con- 
verted by Stabler to earn a 
somewhat unlikely Northern 
Merit draw. 

The value of Si a bier's kick 
compounded Sheffield's woe as 
Goodliffe had earlier missed a 
conversion from in front of the 
posts. Sheffield led lb-1 3 at half- 
time. through tries by 
Woodbridgc. Adcock and Kay. 
with Goodliffe contributing two 
conversions, and his penally 
stretched their lead Immediately 

after the interval. West 
Hartlepool's other points came 
from tries by Stacey and Evans, 
plus a drop goal and conversion 
by Stabler. 

Morky lost 19-4 at home to 
Durham City in their Northern 
Merit match. A tty by Cayzer, 
their capable scrum half, for- 
merly of Orrell. was wiped out 
by tries from Spearman and 
White, while Bland kicked II 

Vale of Lone win await next 
Saturday's daunting visit to 
Waterloo with more confidence 
following a good 21-0 Table C 
victory against Birntingham. 
The best moment was left to last 
as Vale ran the ball from their 22 
for Hi&in. Glover. Worthing- 
ton and Hodgson to combine to 
make a try for Hamer. 


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bersi . 

at it: 

at W 







oi'OK i 

Ray Cochrane, who almost 
broke bis foot in a freak race- 
riding accident on Chinoiserie 
at Goodwood on Tuesday, 
completed a glorious 373-1 
big-race double at Newmarket 
on Saturday, winning the Wil- 
liam Hill Cambridgeshire 
Handicap on 10- 1 chance 
Dallas and the Tattersalls 
Middle Park Stakes on the 33- 
1 Mister Majestic. 

Cochrane, still limping 
following his accident, said 
after his triumph on Dallas: “I 
had my leg packed in ice last 
night and in cold water this 
morning. But it’s getting better 
all. the time and this has 
obviously helped. My foot was 
badly swollen and my knee 
twisted. I thought at the time I 
had definitely broken some 

Luca CumanPs newly-ap- 
pointed stable jockey brought 
Dallas with a smooth chal- 
lenge to cut down strongly 
fancied Power Bender inside 
the final furlong. Kabiyla and 
last year’s winner. Tremblant, 
finished third and fourth, and 
the first four home were also 
the first four leaders in the 

The winning trainer, who 
was landing his second 
Cambridgeshire following the 
triumph of Century City in 
1982. said: “Dallas deserved 
to win a big rare. He has 
suffered terrible problems 
with his feet, and has been 
very brave. 

After he won at Royal Ascot 
in the summer, one of bis feet 
became badly cracked, and we 
had to lay him off. Really, that 
was a blessing in disguise, as 
he came here a relatively fresh 

Oirnani said: "We must get 
the problem with his feet 
solved. He won't run again 
this season but next year I 
hope he develops into a group 

Cumani trains Dallas for 
Richard Duchossois, presi- 
dent of the Arlington Park 
Racecourse, Chicago and 
among the American visitors 
watching Saturday's big 
handicap was Walter 

itus iiivir^ lvlOiNi>rv l OiJiOfrcK u iz&o - ’ " 


Brave Cochrane collects 373-1 double honors 8 

for Double 
, Schwartz Ior 1 


? • ' 5 V,y 


strengthen claim 

for Cesarewitch 

Bv Mandarin 

Dancing Brave storms clear of Bering (right) and Triptych in yesterday's memorable Arc victory at Longchamp 

hau. the film actor, who Williams with his first group fust horse to be owned by lot of our youngsters are 
id the winner. race success in Britain. theatrical producer Tracey backward." 

emblant, the 6-1 His colt's win may have Flynn, and is named after a Maxine Juster. aged 28, 
iriie, could only finish stunned the form students, but play of hers which won an clinched the first ladies' 

b. but his trainer, Ron it came as no shock to the award at last year's Edinburgh championship of her career 

h. said afterwards: "I trainer, who said: "He has Festival. with a smooth one and a half 

Matthau, the film actor, who 
backed the winner. 

Tremblant, the 6-1 
favourite, could only finish 
fourth, but his trainer, Ron 
Smyth, said afterwards: "I 
think he's run the race of his 
life under this big weight He’ll 
run next in the Champion 
Stakes, then be retired to Lord 
McAlpine's Dobson Stud, 
where he'll be managed by the 

Eddie Addison, owner of 
the second-placed Power 
Bender, said: "71115 trip might 
be just a bit too short and he’ll 
probably return to a mile and 
a quarter for a £12,000 rare at 
Doncaster in two weeks time." 

The sirongly-ianried colts 
Most Welcome and Mansooj 
were totally eclipsed in the 
£32,500 Tattersalls Middle 
Park Stakes as Mister Majestic 
made virtually all the running 
to gamely repel the challenge 
of Risk Me (f0-I) to win by a 

Williams with his first group 
race success in Britain. 

His colt's win may have 
stunned the form students, but 
it came as no shock to the 
trainer, who said: "He has 
been working really well in 
recent weeks, and 1 thought be 
had a great chance." 

Williams has Mister Majes- 
tic entered in the Dewhurst 
Stakes and the colt is a likely 
runner, provided the ground 
does not get any firmer. 

Pat Eddery quickly got off 
the mark when A Prayer For 
Wings landed a gamble from 

Dick Hero and his jockey, . lengths victory on the 7-1 

Willie Carson, were also in top 
form at the meeting landing 
the Sun Chariot Stakes with 
Dusty Dollar and the 
Soltykoff Maiden Stakes with 
Dick Hollingsworth's promis- 
ing young stayer. Dry Dock. 

The American-bred 
Suhailie earned a 33-1 quote 

5-1 to 3-1 in the Carlsberg for nexl years 2.000 Guineas 
Trophy Nursery. Eddery was and also became aSO-J chance 

always going smoothly on the 
Epsom colt, and was looking 
round for non-existent dan- 
gers after taking the lead 
inside the final furlong. 

John Sutcliffe will now raise 
his sights with the colt, whose 
next race will be the Horns 
Hill Stakes at Newbury later 
this month. "He is pretty 

for the Derby with book- 
makers William Hill when 
hacking up by six lengths in 
the Haydock Dream Mile 

Mister Majestic, the second good, and I now wish Td run 
longest-priced winner of the him in the Middle Park Stakes 

Middle Paris, was providing Sutcliffe said. 

his Newmarket trainer Robert A Prayer For Wings is the 

Willie Ryan, edging towards 
his half century for the season 
- this was his 46th winner - 
took over two and a half 
furlongs from home. George 
Windsor, representing the 
Newmarket trainer Henry 
Cecil said: "Suhailie is one of 
our better two-year-olds, but a 

chance Saffan in the Brooke 
Bond Oxo Amateur Riders* 
Championship Final 

The winner, who must be 
kept for a late run, was 
excellently handled by Miss 
Juster, coming through dose 
home. She said: “That puts 
me 28 points clear in the 
championship and with just 
two races to go in the series I 
cannot be beaten." 

The 6-4 favourite. Effigy, 
ridden by Amanda Harwood, 
finished second and Princess 
Anne came in a creditable 
third on Innishmore Island. 

Blinkered first time 

•DMHJRGH: 245 To#/* Ale. Young 
Soria. Class Hooper. 3.45 Otosan. 4.15 

EDMBURGH: 245 To#/* Ale. Young 
Boris, d«s Hopper. 3.45 Okosan. 4.15 
Fanny Robin. 4.45 Fourrta*i‘s Choice. 
BATH: 230 Roche's, Stark ReaKy. 34 
Mudr*. 340 Mato Peace. 44 Lady's 

WOLVERHAMPTON: 20 Saerpan. 44 
Mon BMzsr. 440 SMar Ryer. Red BBy. 


Guide to our new in-line racecard 


0-0432 TWESFORM(Cn£F)(MrsJ Ryiey) BHaflO-104 . 


By Mandarin 

2.00 Milieu: Tale. 

2.30 Vigliotto. 

3.00 No Restraint. 

3 JO On Tenterhooks- 

4.00 Abhaaj. 

4.30 H Conquistador. . 

By Our Newmarket 

2.00 Polynor. 

2.30 Toot Tool 

3.00 Farm Gub. 

3.30 Make It Sharp. 

4.00 Abhaaj. 

4.30 — . 

RacecanJ number. Draw tn bracket*. Six-figure 
form. Horse's name (B-bUnkers. V-viscr. H-hood. 
C-couree winner. D-cfetance winner. CD-couree 
and distance winner. BF-beat m favourite in 

West race). Owner in brackets. Trainer. Age and 
w e ight. Rider pkts any atowance. The Times 
Private Hendcappe/s rating. A pp rco dma ffi starting 


FARM CUIB (B-7) won wel by 41 Aron TA or Gtoy (8-7) n Bath (1 m 21. h'cw, B3403. good lo 
film. Sep 22.1 2 ran). FLOATING ASSET(81) fated® qckn when 4ft baafanMI to A#ctiN‘ Bee 
i. £3. 31 6. good. Sep 29. 8 ianL PULHAM MLLS (9-0 1 won we# by t 

firm, Sep 22 

it Goodwood (1m. h o 


' Michael Seely's selection: 3.00 ELBUKY PARK (nap) 

The Times Private Handteapper’s top rating: 3.00 NO RESTRAINT (nap). 

won by 1 from Naina ( 
win KltramFeydenatE 
2KI from Safer Ctoud ft 
beaten hd to Haywafei ft 
Sep 16. 19 rain 
Hec tor s HAWLOUL 

bap, £3.316, good, Sep 29. 8 ran). PULHAM MLLS(9-0| won we# by rfc from Are You 
ftfreap. £2273. good to ton. Sep 20. 1 9 ran). EL8URY PARK (94) ran green but sift 
hi) eiSafisbury pm. mdn. Cl 475, fim, Sep 10. 14 ranl.HAMLOUL (84) mBde aB to 
IsomHm. h eap. £3446. good. Aug 25. 6 ran). NO RESTRAINT (B-SLepon dear won 
■Si at Leicester <Tm 2f. app'ce sfles. Ann, Sep 22 >9 ran). COURT TOWN (9-2) ad 
-1) with MIRANDA JULIA (81114ft beaten 2Ni HUnqfleM (71. h'cep. £2626. good. 

t Ungflekf (71. h'cap. 

Going: firm 

Draw: low numbers best 3^0 COUNTY HANDICAP {3-Y-O: £2£2&1m 3f 150yd) (6 runners) 

20 AUME APPRENTICE HANDICAP {£2,018: 1m 21 50yd) (7 rummers ) 

OI6400 MLLER’S TALI fflFIfP Melon) I Balding 466- 
000-000 MOUNT TUMBiroOWN Mrs JCottn) A Herne 
304040 DANCING BARRON (V) (E Gadsden) L Cttttral S 

IONfy)(E Gadsden} LCcQrBI 5-6-7. 
LYONS (T Lyons BJ P Arthur 5-65 _ 

15 (4) 0-80030 PATlBCKJOfM LYONS (T Lyons 9)P Arthur 54 

20 (Si 00)0001 SHALLAAL (D Davies) Mss A King 7-7-13 (7ax) 

21 (7) 0/44060 POLYNOR (M Ryan) M Ryan 5-7-12 

23 (2) 00060 FARCEUSE (B) (H Leuckert) G Balding 4-76 — 

P Francis M99P2-1 

_ ft Partem (3) 96 8-1 

Ting 97 0-1 

.NO Nm— 3 t 

ARkSng 95 76 

P Barnard 9510-1 

— _ 12-1 

(4) 011000 MONTY FLASH (Mrs VTl 

S 43-1040 ONTBnBMOGKS(BF)l 
(31 300000 (SAKE PEACE (B) (Mrs J 
(S) 44000 OMAMA (Ma E Tar*) R 

D QsMirth 9-7™ 
Mute) J Tree 96. 
i) A Stewart 86 — 

44000 OMAMA (Maj E Tar*) R Harmon 7-1 i 

JRofd #99 M 

Pat Eddery 98FM 

M Roberta 96 4-1 

M Pipe 86 — Pad Eddery 95 11-2 

-1 S CGarman (7) 98 — 

AMcOene 85 — 

BAQM Mixers TALE recently returned alter a 2 imamh break (7-91 new 
* V/rilfl Lteana (8-5) at Ascot (1m 4f app’ce h'capJB44B1, goodto fbm, 9 ran). 
(8-11) ran on dose home when 5th beaten 4KI lo Captain's NieceJB-11) at Ascot (1 
ooodto firm. 12 rah). PATMCKJOHN LYONS latest 5th of 6 to Car Green war 1m 41. 

tfl caught 31 from home when 3rd beaten 8 to Cramming (861 at Chapsto* (1m 2f. h'cap. £2 
9 rwj.fflALLAALfB-11) won a moderate aaOer by 51 bom iwt^ Tent (8-11)al Brighton (lm4f. 


Bek (7-9) newr near when Sth behind 
lo firm. 9 ran). MOUNT TUMBLEDOWN 
11) at Ascot (1m app'ce h'cap. £3425. 
en over 1m 41. Sep2S.Eerfier (7-1 Iliad 
ito* (1m 2f. h'cap. £2893. good to firm. 
11)tt Brighton (lm4f. app'ce udh'cap. 

CADM IRGHTT RASH ffl-9). takes adroplndase today. Sh 
rUfim tar(1m ef group 2 Park sties, E28.194. good. Sep 
last in app'ce ewnt. eariter (8-4) Ued to qctai whan 40i beaten 5SM 

ah beaten ffKl at Newtxayrifn4l. h'cap £9457. good to firm. Aug 
beaten, 22X1 to Cteean OfTne BMto (8-11) at Chester (1m 21, nS. 
rejection- ON TEMTHtHOOKS 

4 JO BLATHWAYT FILLIES STAKES (2-Y-O: El ,400: 5f) (5 rurmers) 

2J0EBF DWWNGTON STAKES (2-Y-O: £2,548: 1m 8yd} (18 runners) 

1 (7) 401 ABSMTHE (Lord FavtavenlD Mortey 8-13 B tense 19 7-2 

5 (161 02 BATTALION (SheAdi Mohammed) J Dunlop 8-11 B Thomson • H9 PS-2 

9(171 0 COCK SPARROW (Mrs W Hem) W Hem 8-11 W Canon — 6-1 

17 (10) 00 DURBO(P GoiiandnsiH Candy 811. — WMnmn 86 10-1 

24 (9) 0 GREBilALEEK(F Salman) P Cole 811 TQnten — 81 

25(121 030 GUNNER STREAM (VKefy)R Holder 811 AOkks 85 — 

0 MASTER COMEDY (MtSSJ MUrnson) R Hemm 811 AMcOtene 

00 HOBS OOP (Mrs M Leans) M Usher 811 Paul Eddery 

02 OLD MAESTRO (8F)|Sneildi Mohammed) G Harwood 811 — NON RUNN ER 

0 ROCHE’S (Bl (C Wrtqr«) J Speahng 811 — — 

0 STARK REALITY (Bf(She*h Mohammed) I Balding 811 Pat Eddery 87 — 

STUBBLE RRE (Duke at Marfcorough) J Dunlop 8-11 RFea 

4 VKSUOTTD (K Abduta) G Hanmod 811 G Starkey 95 81 

000 CHAIOUNG GRACE lEAngeQDH donee 86 JReid 

000 MARTIAN MELODY (A Horam W Brooks 86 A Clark 

000 OCEAN HOUND (J Leonq) P Batoy 86 — N Adana 

0 RAHWAH (H Al-Maktoutn) C Benslead 88 — 85 — 

34 TOOT TOOT (R Newa4)J Toler 86— M Heberts 78 10-1 

A Murray 4» 3-1 

_ Pat Eddery S7F84 

8 Rouse — 12-1 

Pas# Eddery 00 94 
WCsraon 75 81 

l,mto. £1417, good to 

0-11) not qdm 0099 
firm, Sep 22 13 ran). 

GSterire, * 81 430 WESTMORLAM3 HAIOCAP ^2,922; 2m If 27yd) (7 runners) 

(5) 30-1100 W»E BOY (Lord Por 

G Harwood 86-7 

8 Ml 012040 TEMPLE HEIGHTS (Mrs A Ferguson) J Durfop 3-9-1 . 

9 (2) 121022 T1GERWOQO (MISS A Heaty) (f Akelwet 8811 

CADM ABSOfTHE (81 1 ) driven outto win by 1»1 hom Yaqm (8-11) at Beverley flm, mdn. £1.602 firm, 
runm Sep25.7 ran). BATTALION (9-0) kid till caught dose home by the easy winner NoWeMkwtreip- 
0) at Lecester (7t. ffKki siks. £2794. firm. Sep 23. ttmTS ran). COCK spahhOW (96) in need of the 0^5 
when unplaced to New Attitude (9-0) at Newbury (7f. mdn stka. £4.490. good to firm. Aug 16. 27 ran). MASTER 
COMEDY (89) and STARK REAUTYJ9-0) bom down tha field behind Noble Bid (96) at Ssflabtoy (71. mdn. 
Ei.204. firm. Seo 11. 12 ran). VKJUOTTO (8-7) good son who « expected to Improve. 4th beaten 13141 to the 
Derby hope Reference Port (811) at Sandown ilm. 

121022 T1GERWOQO (MISS A Heety) (T AhShtTM 8811, 

40-2800 FISWOND (A Simpson) P Jones 8810 

OOOO/OI PP (D Etna S Woodman 88-1 

404004 AL&BA(M88 A WestenSck) C Benslead 4-86. 

G Starkey 

_ Pat Eddery 

— W Careen 

— N Adams 

G French 


RFea 4199 281 

Derby hope 

S el ection: VK3UQTTO 

! ran). VIGUOTTO (87) good sort who « expected to Improve. 4th beater 
Port (81 1) at Sandown (1m. stks, £3.052 good to firm. Sep 23, 8 ra^. 

3J> MORRIS DANCER HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £3^81: 1m 8yd) (14 runners) 

FORM BLCONQWSTADOfl,wa appreciate this trip, (96) caugmetose when 2nd beaten 1 Kite Pro- 
rwnin kJdeffl-11)atNottirn#iamtan.mdn,£U65.good.Aug1i.7ran).1(WJeBOytesiof8toSarfrea 
when apprentice rtaten, aarterfwg faded to rjckn when 5m beaten 3!*i to JsnisJd (8i n al Ascot 
£7.164. firm, Jisie 21. 12 ran). 'nGBIWfOOO (81 )cau^ dose home when 2nd beaten 2J to Pack 
Wdvertiampton (2m if. h'cap. £4,721. good to firm. Sep 15, 14 ran). PfPTB-13) ail out to win by k 

(121 834000 FOUZrT Salman) P Cole 87 

(6) 304100 SWIFTS PAL (Mrs S Khan) G Lewis 94 

18 ) 003001 FARM CLUB (CD) (GSangster)J Totter 89 (7ex).„ 

1 7) 240000 MUORIK (B) (H AFMaknuifl) C Bedstead 88 

(4) 403444 FLOATING ASSET Aord H do Walden) P Wafwyn 87 Paul 

(141 012201 PULHAM MILLS (P WAs) E Bctn 87 (7ex) EG 

(1) 1-30004 SUPER RJNKfJ 

T Outer 

_ PWeteon 

£7.164. firm, Jiaie 21. 12 ran).TlGSlWOOO(8 
Wohrertumpton (2m If. h'cap. £4,721. good to I 
Encore (9-13) at Folkestone (an. h’cap. £1 .035, 
beaten 3k l to Bacfcctrt (184) at Sandown (im 
Selection: ALSB3A 

1 381 to JanisJd(8i(5 at Ascot ( 2 m. h'cap. 
aujht dose home when 2id beaten a to Ractoius (87) at 
i. top 15, 14 ran). PIPffl-13) ail out to win by %l from Diva 
3d to firm. July 22). ALSBA (7-^ inabte to qckn when 4th 
h'cap, £ 3, 9 30. good to firm, Sep 24, 14 ran). 

M Fetherstbn-Godtey 86 

1 ELBURV PARK (J Austin) Q Harwood 86 

022021 HAMLOUL (Mrs K Bafley) KBoitey 83 

15 (9) 022021 HAMLOUL (Mrs KBadey)K Baitey 83 

17 (10) 220106 IIAL-Y-PENSECLord McAIpna) □ Mortey 82 

18 (2) 04311 NO RESTRAINT (GStrawtmdgeiw Hastings-Bass 82 

19 mi 022004 PULL OT LIFE (A Cunranaftaml M Pipe 81 

22 (5) 460402 COURT TOWN (J Horuanf R Hannrpi 7-12. 

29 >131 000040 MUIANDA JUUA JV) (D Hodgesl P Matan 7-7 — 

E Guest (3) 

C Rutter (3) 


WN ewnea 

M Roberts 

Course specialists 

82 W Canon B99 7-2 

ACM 89 181 

A McOone 91 12-1 

G French 88 



R Smyty 
G Harwood 
W Hem 
G Lews 


Winners Runners Percent 
14 38 36,8 

33 144 22^ 

8 37 216 

18 83 19J 

9 50 186 

5 30 187 


Pat Eddery 
G Starkey 
W Carson 
B Rouse 



3J0 PERTON CLAIMING STAKES (3-Y-O C S & £1,746: Im 41) (10 runners) 

1 0 80100 ASTRAL IP Salman) P Cote 96 GDufMd 

2 (8) 000000 BULLY BOY CM (A MchardS) O Hantey 9-0 SWhltewtii 

4 (51 000 OALVESI PA^ (A Laggar) Jimmy Ftagersld 9-0 MBfrcfa 

' - 1 0043 ElfGAGANT GBJSTl^ 

024302 RUN FOR YOUR m 

Bv Mandarin 

2.00 Another GuesL 
■ 2.30 Pemis Seventy. 

3.00 SNEAK PREVIEW (nap). 
3.30 No Stopping. 

4.00 Balkan Leader. 

4.10 Bickerman. 

By Our Newmarket 

2.00 Peir. 

2.30 Blow For Home. 

3.00 Henradura. 

3-30 Begam GuesL 

4.00 Inthar. 

4 JO Bickerman. 

GDuffiakf • 99 F7-4 

000000 BULLY BOV (B) (A Richards) O Hantey 96 S Watered. 

000 OALVESI PASS (A Leogai) Jinny Fitzgerald 96 MBhch 

0043 ELEGAGANT GEUSTjt^rinca A Saknwi) W 0‘Gorman 80 —Tlvea 88 96 

(S4302 RUN FOR YOUR «flFE(BF) (Mrs N Lewis) G Lewis 96 MLThotaas 80 136 

020*23 TURMEMCtC Spence) O Mortey 96 TtMBsms 89 4-1 

0 WA TERSIDE LODGE (M F-Go^ey) M Fetherston-Gocfley 86 — P Rofaktsoa 

032322 NO STOPPMG (U Co. J Dancortf R Hawron 84 P Cook go 81 

000004 DOONVEWURE IP Srunfl J Ethertngton 86 — 8912-1 

00 STAR AODC(H Yates) R Holmstwaa 86 R Uppte (7) 

4J0 E B F DUDLEY MAIDEN STAKES {Div U: 2-Y-O: £724: 5f) (10 runners) 

Michael Scelv's selection: 4.30 Bickerman. 

Going: good to firm Draw: 5f and above high numbers best 

2.0 E B F DUDLEY MAIDEN STAKES (Div L 2-Y-O: £717: 51) (9 runners) 

2 (8). ARAISOR (K Mereeri G Hurier 90 — — G Cartar 

5 (6l FTOMLEY PARKSOn (T Lyons li) P Arthur 9-0 SWWwortfi ■— — 

6 (21 000 GARCON NOR (RBenp Moorhead 96 S W eb sta r 69 81 

9 ID OLYMPIC CHAOEN96R (Mrs I Hytes) Mrs G Rewtey 96 RPEteot — — 

11 (5) 3200 SONG IT JEST (R Mason] Jimmy Rt^eraid 96 SI 4-1 

12 (4) 0 ANOTHER GtEST (D Mctniyre) R Sheadter 811 A Shorts (5) 81 

2020 PELF (SheiUi Mohanmed) L Cumani 811 R Coast 98 7-2 

220 SCtEHPAN(B){KAbdida) JTree 811 — ThteS B99F8* 

WANTAGE PARK (G Mto) M Ryan 811 PRObfateen —181 

ANOTHER RHYTHM (PBynW)R Hutchinson 96 

(B3 BALKAN LEADS! (A F Budaa &ju<ne Ltd) Jimmy H MgsreM S 

0034 INTHAR (H AFMektitom) RATTRSfrong 96 

0000 MON BALZARim (Cawihome bwestments LJd) A Beaey 96. 

000040 TOUCH OF SPEED [K Rscher) R Hotoshead 96 

020 KBn-WArTMG(MraR Beckwith) WMUSSOI 811 

MEtHBAN iLTitto) R Stepson 811 

000 THE CHQ8S (W Fbrgrwe) R 

LAND (Mrs 0 Thompson) R Dtekte 811 . 

- ravel R HoBnsheed 81 1 

(S Mason) R Thompson 811 

6 — March wS9 FS-2 

P Ttft 96 81 

— 81 81 

S Perks 89 81 

— HWJghem 94 76 
. S Whitworth 

ACoBreue ( 7 ) — 181 

— — 181 

450 OAKEN LODGE HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £2^54: Im If) (16 rurmers) 

230 SEDGELEY NURSERY SELLING HANDICAP (2-Y-O: £853: Im) (12 runners) 

00000 FOLLY GALE [Mrs A UpsdeB) Mrs J Reavey 9-7 

000004 COROFIN LASS (B)(J Ryan) CTrtUer 96 (Seal 

«Q1 PETRUS SEVENTY (V) (T 889) P Hasten 96 (Sek)-.. 
000 LEG GUDEJSr M Sandberg) W Hastings-BesS 81 1 

00400 VtCTOfUA STAR (W Young)Mrs G Ravetey 86-. 

000 ROSE OF TVOOR (Mrs J Duffite) J Giovor 86 

030000 FNJUX0ESK1N (J Rees) R Habmshaad 87 

003804 DBJTE MUFRNffl) (W W BeBBRiy Lid) Jsimy ROM 
004000 MGMLANO CAPIabi fBI (B Bisaaffl J Etherinacn 8C 


.... G MdUe 
__ t WUfiaws 


_ RPBfiett 
... NCaitiste 

S Paries 

H Birch 

G Carter 

033130 ESRYS (Lady D'AWgdor-Goldsmid) N Vtaors 87 P Cook 94 94 

010030 FAIR ATLANTA (MrsA Riney) M Usher 89 R 9keat 95 181 

300040 MRATAME VBfTURE (Ventiire Chemicals Ud) H Akehurst 86- T WMtenm S3 81 

304000 PEARL FISHEH (Sheddi Mohammad) J ftfinconw 86 The* *89 — 

084004 HRSTRAM({T Lyons U)P Arthur 87 SWMtwortti 96 — 

181230 BICKERMAN IMa)J Green) M PreacoQ 87 G Duffieid 98 Ft-t 

324034 SPECIAL GUEST (C Mamer) □ Mortey 84 MVftahwn 95181 

06000 RICHARDS FOLLY (A WBams) P Batey 81 J Wfilem 83 — 

160003 PRIME NUMER(8F)(FJenUrteP Cote 81 G Baxter 93 — 

2 (10) 033140 EanYS (Lady D AWgdor-QokJsrnid] 
15 (4) 010030 FAR ATLANTA (Mre A Riney) MUt 

18 (IS) 300040 MBtATAWE vaTTURE (Ventore Ch 

19 (ft 304000 PEARL FtSHEH (Shetidi MohammM 

22 (Si 084004 HRSTRAMC(T Lyons H)P Arthur 9 

23 (1) 1B1230 BICKERMAN (MafJ Green) M Prea 
26 (9) 3»03C SPECIAL GUEST (C Mamer) D Mari 

32 (11) 06000 RICHARDS FOLLY (A WBtems) P Bi 

33 (12) 060003 PRIME NUMER (BF) (F Jenkins) P 

M Vrighem 



25 (10) 002030 BLOW FOR HOlffi ILord McAJpine) D Mortey 80 — — 

3J) WEST MIDLAND HANDICAP (£3,174: Im 6f 1 10yd) (8 rurmers) 

=t=L L «ffl eBV 

440000 RH?SLLY(B) 

DANCE (Mrs J WrtgW H Candy 7-7 

R FLYER IB (Mrs JlYrrel] Mrs JReavey 7-7 

ILLY (B) (Mrs J Khan) C BrtHten 7-7 

Course specialists 

_ C Caner 
R Mores (5) 
_ R Teague 
ML Thornes 
- NCarfisI# 

(7) 043-111 SNEAK PR EVIEW (C) (tos C Gross) H Candy &81 1 RCumrt 97F3-1 

(1) 022200 TRAPEZE ARTIST pntiogroup HokWigs Ltd) N Vigors 5-9-2 _ u S Dawson 97 81 

12} 320331 HBJHADURA (V) (P Sav«) M PtBSCOn 5-80 (4ox) — CDuHiaU BWIIJ 


Vttmers p^iners Percent 


Wbinos Runners PflrCent 

10 (3) 112230 DIVA ENCORE (Kinderhfl Corporation) R ArmaVOrig 366 Carer W8I 

11 (81 DO-1300 OWEH-9PRJOE (Ventura Chemkate UtQ R Atehuret 883 TWKhb 98 82 

02210/ TANCRED WALK p Partly) C Jackson ^76 — — 181 

300000 SOUND DIFFUSION. tQ Pemberton) R Whitaker 4-7-7_-___.__ N Caritee M 14-1 
0QO11D ALACAZAM (CBFI (Hgaftavoo Stebles Lad) J Speanrg 87*7 P« (7) 92 10-1 

G Lems 




P Cook 







25 6 

R Guram 








G Duffieid 








G Baxter 




H Candy 




P Robinson 




p Welwyn 10 


11.1 . 

S Perks 




From Our French 

Double Schwartz gate Pat 
Eddery the best possible prelude 
to his great Ait victory on 
Dancing Brave when landing the 
£21499 Prix de rAbbaye de 
Longchamp (50, Europe's pre- 
mier sprint. 

He was chased hone by the 
French filly Pariofi, with the 
other two British challeng ers. 
Hallgate and Green Desert, in 

third and fourth. 

Eddery always had Chart* 

Nelson's game five-year-old up 
with the pace and was leading by 
halfway. Altboagh be had to be 
hard ridden he was always going 
to hold his partners and ran on 
stoutly to score by a neck and a 

Parioli, who had been trained 
specially for this race, and last 
weekend's Ascot winner 
Hallgate, had every chance from 
well over (me furlong oat, but 
canid not quicken op when it 
mattered. However, they were 
well dear of the fourth. Green 
Desert, who was never able to 
ov e rcome a bad draw. 

F«Hiw in the afternoon 
Swmbarn had looked sure to get 
Britain off to a great start when 
Milligram went to the front 
inside the furlong in the 
Prix Marcel Bonssac (lm). 

Michael Stoote's filly looked 
borne and dried, but Freddy 
Head had other ideas and 
brought the fa vour ite Mtesqne 
with a storming late run to get np 
with SO yards to go and win 
going away by half a length. 

Sneak Preview, one of the few- 
shining lights^ in a dW£J®! n «®5 
season for Henri' Cand>. can 
underline his chance mthcTotc 
Cesarewitch in 1 2 day* 
defying top weight ,n .%Jv2 l 
Midland Handicap at Wolver- 

hampton today. 

Twelve months ago. 5n«K 
Preview finished a dose fourth 

to Kavudee in the Newmarket 
stamina test but that was h*s 
tenth race of the season. and 
Candy has wisely given him a 
much lighter campaign tins 

^TTie six-year-okl has not run 
for three months but that »s 

unlikely to prove a disadvantage 
as he showed at the Newmarket 
Guineas meeting in May that he 
is capable of producing his best 
after a long lay-off. 

Following an easy Doncaster 
victory later the same month, 
Snrak Preview was nude 
favourite for the Northumber- 
land Plate and justified his 
market position with a dearcut 
success over some of the best 
staying handicappcrs in 
training. .... 

Two of today's principal ri- 
vals. Herradura and Trapeze 
Artist, finished ninth and 14th, 
respectively, at Newcastle and 
the small pull in the weights 
which dun pair enjoy today docs 
not look nearly enough for them 
to reverse that form. 

Diva Encore won twice in 
early summer but has g one off 
the boil since and a greater 
danger may be the lightly- 

utrtghred Abcazftm. 

Sneak Preview, who- dhuJ? 
cur no C esareaatch penalty cl 
winning today, looks i 
nap. ■■■.■' - 

Hcrradura's trance, 

tunc wok Btekwisur ^ j 
Oaken Lodge Hanficfe nT { 

lucky in nmnintt when » i 
seventh to WarmneK BcybwIJ 
last month. Bkfcc rmg ^- 
earlier won twice « Ejjigff ; 
and looks auraoivelv 
in this moderate mv, • | 

El Conquistador, odebTftJ ! 
Harwood s seven second ; 
tors for the CestoSSSrS' ' 
gain a belated first success in j& i 
Wcstmorlabd Handicap at ' 
Tigcrwood appears his 
rival here but my sdectuww: 1 
the beatim of Reg Akda»S, ! 
versatile fivc-year-okl on dSi 1 
running together in ; 
Goodwood Cup behind eboOku 
P ulborough stayer. 

Harwood and amkey r^r 
imitate a doable with ihcbe&tfj? 
fully-bred VtoUotto ha tixrapT 
Oonnington Stakes^ ^3 
The combioation :oT Lte^.i 
Cumani and Ray CtKhuwdBB 
continue their marYeftobs 
cent run by landing a shot*; 
priced two-year-oW double W* 
Edinburgh with Mmfibe Ttetei 
(2. 1 5) and Qaiet Her* (145)^1 
more rewarding wager « 
Scottish trade may be the- 
progressive Gay Appeal. whoa 
fancied to complete a treble a 
the Regency Handicap ‘ 

Hindley lands 
Italian Leger 

Sea Dara foils Weld 

From Onr Irish Racing Correspondent, Dublin 

Comae L'Etoile, ridden by 
Michael Hills, (ideated the 
odds-on Rosedale (Tony Mur- 
ray) in the £26,630 St Leger 
I ta lian o (im 6f) at Milan on 

Dnbian wisely missed her 
alternative e n g agem ent in the 
Arc, reaping the reward by 
beating her fellow Newmarket 
challenger Santiki in the group 
one Premio Lydia Tedo (lm 2f) 
at Rome yestoday. 

Dermot Weld’s attempt lo 
win the group three Park Stakes 
which is named after his father. 
Charles Weld, was foiled at the 
Phoenix Park on Saturday when 
Sky Ninski was beaten a neck by 
xhe lan Balding-trained Sea 
Dara. , 

The winning jockey. John 
Matthias, said: “Sea Dara is a 
particularly game and genuine 
filly who picked up well when 1 
asked her. It is a like a road out 

there but she handled the fiftf 
ground well." • - 

There was considerable cd$. 
cism over the feet that iM 
course watering system .hadiot 
been used since the middle of 
the week. However. Dermot 
Weld had no reason tor fe 
displeased as he completed Yt( 
another Phoenix Park Hefae 
with City Council. Find The 
Cause and Cockney Lasti. ... 


3.15 REGENCY HANDICAP (£1,539: 10140(1$ 

3 0011 GAY AH*EAL (Q) C Nelson 366AB0~~>. NtMT 
6 2321 FOUR STAR THRUST ICO) R Wfttttor » 


By Mandarin 

115 Malibu Toast 145 Tolly's Ale 115 Cay 
AppeaL 3.45 Quiet Hero. 4.1 5 Elegant Fashion. 
4.45 Fountain's Choice. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.15 Malibu Toast. 2.45 Naughty Nightie. 3.45 
Quiet Hero. 4.15 Irish Hero. 4.45 MubdL 
Michael Seely's selection: 2.15 Malibu Toast. 

7 060 RECOLLECT JS tWWB 4-87 tel At Al te 0)7, 

J? sa SSIS^dSli'JSrR^^w 

20 0402 KEY ROYAL G Crtert 56-12 — : —-AMMrt. 

25 2100 tVOftOSW (CJD Dairyi Stnafi *66 tOtetirtL 

27 OHM CADENETTEW H»gh 466 JOatetet 

28 4322 7nEYARNQN3N0TOo*64 

29 008 STRATHCOHONT Crag 5-7-11 ^.Atotetelt 

32 0000 CAMPUS BOY Mrt J Rsmsflen 5-7-9., -NfoS 

33 0000 80RBMM DOWN N Bycntit 7-7-7_^_«* Aftoel 

114 Travamoa. 81 Fow Star Thrust 86 QeTfoprt. 
.1 Rnvot R .1 RrmteMna Smibr. 10-1 Ivoroete ■ ' T 

Going: good to firm 

Drawi hJgh.mHnbers best opto Im 

2.15 MGUSTON FLUES STAKES (2-Y-O: £547: 51) 
(7 runners) 

1 01 HAUBU TOAST p)L Cumani 81 RCoeteSMl 

2 0001 VERY AH BAY (dTm W Dettwon 9-1 DMcMtefi 

4 BUM M Janes 86 : LCtemecki 

B 000 BLUSTRATCASBiftBa — A Matter 5 

5 8 BfTHlECT A SroUti 86 NOoanotonS 

10 3442 UNPAC NORTH MOOR (nWSsey 86- JLomT 

14 2020 FRBRStVDE0JBeny86 JCtera#{7)2 

Brans MaBxj Toast 7-6 Veryan Bay. 81 Linpac North 
Moor. 81 Premier Video. 181 ■uMrate.20-1 InteOecL 

( 12 ) 

76 Sweet Bre. 81 Eastern Oasis. 81 Totes Ale. 
Naughty ftigMy, Young Sons. 181 Motor Master. 

Course specialists 

TRARCRS: R WHtara 6 winners from 26 turners. 23.1%; N 
CSBagtan 8 from 36. 226V C Bsey 8 from 61. 13.1%. 
JOOCEYS: N Conoorton 18 wteiers from 115 rides, 15.7%; A 
Mactoy 10 from 64, 156%,- K Oartey 15 from 131. 11 JS%. 

81 Kay Royal, 81 SomteNng Sraiitr. 181 tvareaUr 

E 6S6:1m)(7) . ..J; * 

1 -00 AMADEUS ROCKJHtadtoy 96 

3 00 GAMFEGGIOG'CatirartS-Q .JpWU 

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16 0 MOMMHHteuyMl JL AteMltii 

19 0 KNOWN POMT M Jem 811 WteHtepi# 

23 000 OTOSAM MS Norton 811 -Steel 

26 0024 IROWEOTCa.flLBF)'] Pipe 811 Allitteyi, 

16 Ouwt Hero. 4-1 Amadeus Rock, 81 Knoen Patof 
81 TYompa cfOoU, 181 Okosan. 14-1 others. 


(£547: lm) (8) 

3 0000 B8SH HERO BSUeMher 464 -r-JJSfe 

5 0003 BJEAMT FASHION EWi|fffl8S 466.^ ' plfctohs . 
a 0000 MPKNOW ESWR Aten 566 

10 0000 SWFTSPeiDaP Rohan 566 4«m»4 

11 0000 MASTER MUSIC M Brawl 886 KtoteJ, 

17 0402 CLOUDLESS SKY P Rohan 876 LOMkK 

IB 0000 DAISY STM P Catvar 3-7-7 — 

19 0042 FAMlY ROBM (Q Dsiys SmHl87>7 JL8«) 

81 Fanny Rotte. 7-2 Bagam Fashion. 81 Ctew teal 

81 Irish Hero. 8-1 Npicnowes. 181 Daisy Ster. 144 (ten “ 

(2-Y-O: £1,295: 7f) (10) 

3 0330 USIANTHUS J YWnJflr 9-7 - NWO. 

4 0030 ACCUSTOMED M Jams 94 W8hete(fM* 

5 10 OLDBtOSR J WMams94 HCWtiagt9 

6 230 MUSDl H Thomsoe Jonas 81 

7 0201 FOUNTABTS CHOICE fVJMKSioae 96— OBramf. 

9 HUO QUUGENDARROCH(D)J 5 W#90n811 . „ 


13 0200 GEOBRnDNY D MoKbb 86 ^. jUtoL 

15 2100 MONS FUTURE W Peace 85 — APwodt, 

20 0302 VBflgRM P Calwr 86 

21 002 C8»l JESTER WMusson 81 „Ateetof*_ 

156 MutxH. 76 tJsteteus. 4-1 Venhenn. 81 CtonJtorf; 

81 Old Eros. 12-1 Mons Future, 14-1 often. 



By Mandarin 

2.15 Colonel James. 2.45 Caliph. 3.15 Primrose 
Wood. 3.45 Baluchi. 4.15 Norval. 4.45 Oakland 

(£2^65: 3m 110yd) (5) 

Going: good to firm 

HURDLE (£739: 2m) (16 runners) 

1 041 PALACHEFW Casey 4-1 16 EStiddav 

3 006 CAROL^MUSlCigA James 811-1 

A 3F/0 CR) DE GR ACE JJetfeson 11-11-1 MEiMN 

6 00/0 DUNCORHCK Mrs J Beaftjy 811-1 HBowt? 

7 08P PRETTY AMKZ1NQ D Moftan 811-1 

1 43-3 BLUE TARQUN (BJXI) Jimmy FtttOWtiM 

2 311- SOLARES JC0) J Barry 8114 

3 4»13 PRBtoOSE WOOD G Rtoftards 8116 — 

5 813 MASTER TERCEL 0 Thom 181810. 

6 801 LOOGFS FORTUNE CT Mre S Daveitoortl V W> ‘ 

94 Primrose Wbod. 81 Blue Tarquin, 76 MtsWTuc* 
81 Lodges Fortune, 81 Sotares. 

2m 74yd) (8) ‘ - : - 

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11 wusnaj Jenkins 4-1810 HJeriidns 

13 01 aURMBEONGnLJPaish 81810 TWooiey 

H OOP- COLLY UKHFIernm 81810 RNtoey 

15 FOO- COLONEL JAMES Mrs S Oiver 4-1810- JaateOfeS 

16 OP- COteSnteTMEKT P Cftartton 4-181 D____kSS 

T9 »• MW0 TP teteto 

21 nors MANOR O Thom 4-7810 WNomUas 

22 SkBANOO Rex Carter 4-1 B10 .SWoods 

24 OB TRENT LANE HWNteqBlBlQi : Z—~~ — 

27 -342 HALLOWHJ P PnftJtarfl4-1B5 n Fears 

30 -200 WARM ABI R HartopA-HFS - - 

811 CftonM James. 4-1 Pats Chief. 81 Hteowed. 181 
Abu Steel, 181 Carol's Musm, 14-1 CoOy Cone. 

13 01 CHARM&fCMGnLJ Parish 81810. 

14 OOP- COLLY CONE H Fteroew 6-10-10 

WE H Fkmm 81810 .. R Msdey 

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7 P08 HAK1ES TREE R Roblnscn 7-1 1-0 u. RO?*f® 

11 R6U JUST WHARTON (B)JL Harris 9-116- ! JAj»g 

12 PP-2 LIFEGUARD ST Hams 8116 NON-WMg 

17 834 WEE WUIAM(BF)JBr8(Bay 9116 

20 800 SILVER SNOW UsE Scott 8189 

21 P 1MMH S N Btirt 8189 

4-5 Btejefu. 2-1 wee waiam. 81 CaptNn's Amner. 

181 silver Snow. 281 others. 


40(10) ' 

2.45 UPTON SELLING HURDLE (£809: 2m) (11) 

3 8330 CAUPH JGto*ar871-5 S Harris ( 7 ) 

4 - F fWYTOfrS HOPE T Taylor 8116 TWaO 

I SS Oteno Ctey ( 7 ) 

6 BOO PORTLY C Spams 8116 - 

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11 DOUBTING TOMMT Ron Thompson 4-116 

13 480 WTO THE WtW J Jeffarsan81l 6^ T>,IW ^ fl 

16 SHAND0N BELLS J Norton 4-1 16 SJOlS 

19 0002 CAPE TOWN GOL R Katep 4-1B9 -flCmte 

» F60 fLL TAKE A MBJPT K Moroan 4-ULH » 

22 POP- JAYS. LADY J Do^e 4-1^^_L_TR«tel5(n 
94 Cape Town GW. 81 Caliph. 76 Loo Cabin. 

71,8 Wna - ’M rf Tate A 

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f TTOIAHlAOJJertQns4-116 
6 P038 CHEBCY RUN F Jackson 7.114 
21 Si 1 jJOWALDftehaids 4-187, 

12 222- SAN0YLA 

13 124- GO USSAVA R Peacock 8106 

li 225 £AROwpoD (to J Dewes 8181 J 

21 SOL gg*hC OUPD‘A«Bnr((a Mm C peak 8181 
IB an roRTJINEftlBJBtRHartop4-1(W- 
17 0044 POMT CLEAR (BF) G Moi^n 8180 

Mtewl. 4-1 Tremar Lad. 96 Fortune rtndaLT^CaKL 
Wdod. 182 Go Usaave, 11-1 Aoeroatt, 14-1 Sandyte. 

44S0XTON HANDICAP CHASE (£1.278: 2m 74)^ 


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TRAJNtHS: G Rkhsnh 15 winners from 66 iurihm. 227%: K 
Baieyffrom 74. lZ2%;WCtay. 16 from ifiz. WteT 
JOCKEYS: R Eamshaw 9 wteiers from 31 rides, 296%: n 
D ougrny 0 from 41. 226%: M Brennan 18 from 1337125%. 

Ml STUBBS DAUGHTER (CD} K Bfitey 81M3 .g 

in ilS OAAUNO JASON Mrs WSukas 8116 -. SNtetotf 

4 P 2 - SEVERN SOUND J RrarSte R-i l 

14 4P2- SEVERN SOUND JBrafflay 8188™-, 

. Stift to Daughter. 11-4 OtolwS . 

100-30 AbebghL 81 SteonBotear, 11-2 SeMm Sound. ->> 

145 1. A P rayer For Wings 
ZGrotondo (156 ter); 3. Derwent 

Saturday’s results from four meetings 

g81J. 11 ran. nr: Spanish Cate. Madam tetehmore (stand (9-1). I3r^ ^ 4.10 1, KMy Wren (a-T-fte^S 

® 1ran - 445 1. BacSitef (5-a o FvA ro.41. n _ 

g4-l). 11 ran. nr: Spanish Cate Madam 


220 1. Mister Hi 
(181): 3. Gangh 
(116 ta«). 7 ran. 

li Most Welcome 

340 1 PasoeM —after (4-rt » 

Goman Miner (28 1 ): 3. Pentitfi 
ran. . 

( 96 ). 'Inn. nr 


30): 3. B# Hobbs (181). 4 fan. ■ ;•§ 

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(100-3q: 3T^gteta (7-4 tav). 7 ran. 

46 1. Dry Deck (7-2) 2. Altounash (81 
lav): 3. King Of Merota (33-1). 19 ran. 

435 1. Hdden Brief S-ik 2 Taranga (8- 
ik 3. Str Arnold (4-1). Below Zaro(74fav). 
9 ran. 


Kelso - 7 - 

2.15 1. teamen Lyn O-IY 2.1 
n 3, Highland Tate (ft-6tv4- 
245 Pont Annoy Me il8«* 

Haydock Park 

2.15 1. Victory Bated (3-7 favfc-2;- 
Saunders Lass (8-1 fc 3 . Firmly Attached 
( 8 - 1 ). 9 ran. • . 

2J5l. Dw sd hw ft 

(2-1 tavfc.3. Cohtay 

(12-1). 7 ran. 

Xio 1. Tingle Ben Ji8ih 2, Heart Qt 

Sd a ^ 1 3‘—“ 0utl {Wy S ^ 0n 


115 1. NSsaMayoL'M^.^J?^’ 

tev): 3. Btadftawk Stef P4K”* ^ 

345 1 . Gods Law (&4 la«C i iT' » , * 

Business (11-8):3. Bay PftM9»;1t7jS £ ■-< V ■ .?* v *- 

4.13 1. Stove Mr fl-3 J ' . ?/ ” 

Glen (181): 3. Dawn fiMr T'V . 

445 1. Troroeros (841 favfc£»^» • 


84 MiASSP- •Vlcf' . 

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lav). 10 ran. 

PHS^ T^^theoroduahewtoseU^ id the three Rs, or that 

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^elf-interests set to win 
the day in Luton’s 

tight for Cup justice 

By Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent 



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The Football League chair. 

S5J f *® 10 asserSat vjjja ’ l wen argued 


P*. y i men confirm the- 
tence Utat has already been 
*{2“** **“»*• own manage- 

ment^mmittee, who ^ 

11 ■*“* **“ araoed that h receive a simMy brief hear- 


e trial stretches for be- 

- l ^ e ^“ndaries of the 

SSSf I ®| P»tch at Kenilworth 

Ssiti 5“ hec * m * a test of 
strength between those who 

^ ^ disease 
mu » be re- 
whatever the cost and 
SSSc be l ,ev e that some 
n .°* J*wdy that end 
? n s Jfe? has been car- 
JJ®d. by David Evans, their 
chairman, and John Smith, 

£v<f?K CUUve director. They 
have the support of the Gov- 
•rmnent, as ran be read into 
the words of Dick Treacy the 
f creta .D\ of the Fboibafl 
Association. Ted Croker 
(though the publication of his 
words caused some embarr- 
assment), and the vast major- 
ity of the nation. 

Anyone who has grown 
weary of walking in the steps 
ot fear to and from grounds on 
any given afternoon or eve- 
ning must surely welcome 
Luton's experiment of ban- 
ning away supporters. As Ev- 
ans has stated, if it succeeds, 
Tootball has won: if it fail* no- 
one has lost. 

;om of 

committed followers. Yet the 
dninken thugs through their 
odious behaviour have al- 
ready inflicted &r more exten- 
sive damage on the enthus- 
lasn of the occasional spect- 
aIor :, To retrieve them, 
sacrifices must be made. Lu- 
ton. anyway, plan probably 
next year to accommodate 
visiting season-ticket holders. 

Vet, in spile of the potential 
value of the move, it will be 
rested by the chairmen and 
Luton should expect no more 
progress in the Litziewoods 
Lup without taking the matter 
to a higher authority. They 

could appeal to the FA and are 

Coun^ 10 Cnter 1116 H * gh 

As a collective body, the 
chairmen have done shame- 
fully little to usher the game 
into the modem era. Their 
own i n fl at ed egos and self- 
interest have limited their 
vision so drastically that they 
are like the pot-bellied beer 
drinker who is able to see his 
feet only when he sits down. 

mg. The chairmen are con- 
cerned that, if they yield, their 
influence in the future win be 
eroded. Anyone who cares for 
the health of the game would 
wish that their power was not 
so much reduced tan rather 
removed altogether. 

As illustration of their anti- 
quated attitude can be found 
in a statement ottered by Peter 
Swales. Manchester City's 
representative, who was in- 
volved in a televised debate 
with Evans. “The game is 
about supporters,** he said. 
“Your method is unacceptable 
because, if you cany it out, 
you win km the game." 

Yet, football is rapidly los- 
ing its public appeal prin- 
cipally because of hooE- 
ganism. If nothing is done to 
halt the decline, matches 
could unfold before handfuls 
of spectators within a decade. 
But although some of the 
more enlightened among 
them appreciate the problem, 
the chairmen as a whole have 
consistently refused to accept 
possible solutions. 

They are more interested in 

Justice Popplewell, urged 
them to take a broader view 
for the benefit of the sport, but 
the opinions of both respected 
figures were treated with noth- 
ing but indifference. 

Luton's rlaimc are likely to 

Feel of springtime 
in air of Norfolk 

By Sim on Jones 

Norwich City - 1 

Queen's Park Rangers^ 0 

There is a tremor spreading 
across the agricultural land of 
Norfolk, the kind of feeling 
usually associated with the first 
days of spring. The reason for 
this subtle excitement is simple: 
the city of Norwich has a 
football dub in danger of 
becoming successful. 

The novelty of the idea drew 
the biggest crowd of die season 
_ — 15.894— to Carrow Road, and 

, though they may not have been 

4 . ~n “ particularly impressed by what 
they saw, they must have, heat. L 
p! eased by a result which makes 
Norwich joint leaders ofthe first 

‘ The goal which pm them 
there came II minutes from 
time. Barham's delicate chip 
created the opening and though 
Gordon's shot was deflected in 
off Olivers, his sleight of foot 
once he had gained possession 
made the rewind deserved. 

■ The rest of the game lacked 
that kind of inspiration, how- 
ever, with the midfields tending 



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Blissett stakes a claim 

By David Powell 

They cannot, or wifi not, 

iS£ D c* ,h M Wall!S ^creasing an already grossly 

?^^ SffNomia ^ a ^- overcrowded fixture l£ and 
ter and, more recently, Mr collecting the subsequent gate 

receipts. More than a few 
seem to care about nothing 
rise. Luton, in daring to 
suggest that crowds may have 
to all still further before they 
rise, have touched a sore point 
in their conscience. 


By Nicholas Harifng 
What constitutes a pitch mra- 
sioa, the 8JL50 crowd at Crystal 
Palace msijgki well have won- 
dered, as about 300 fans ran on 
to Sdburst Park, int e rruptin g 
the second division game with 
Millwall for four nmmtes on 

“That wasn't a pitch 
invasion," Ron Noades, the 
Palace chairman, insisted. “ It 
.was people naming on to the 
pitch to get Into the ■embers' 
‘stand. I don't want people 
; calling It a pitch Invasion." 
Noades may have had a point, 
hat hfe dnh certainly got three, 
taking them to the top with their 
■eeond half revivaL 
Noades had gone into the 
standing endosnre at halftime 
to find out what earned the “non 
invasion". He came away sat- 
isfied that Palace fens, tutting on 
oash harriers, and fearing trou- 
ble had acted the way they did 
because they felt pressure from 
behind which had come not Grom 
MfllwaH intruders who had 
infiltrated the section, bet feO 0 w 
Palace supporters. Noades was 
accompanied by Anth@s>? 
Felling, an undersecretary in 
the Deprtmeat of Environment, 
who was acting as a repre- 
sentative for Pick Tracey, the 
Minister of Sport. 

Goals from OtuIakowskJ 

Pleat must 
bids for 

Tottenham Hotspur. 
Luton Town 

to caned each other out Wil- 
liams, for example, must have 
found his 400th League game 
rather frustrating. Everywhere 
he went, he found -Waddock 
trotting along beside him. 

The commitment of the 
Queen's Park Rangers player 
was typical of his team. Having 
been missing for 1 1 months with 
knee ligament damage so seri- 
ous it might have ended his 
career, his competitive instincts 
propdled him mto a terrifying 
collision whh Barham which ten 
his name in the referee's note- 
book and the imprint of Ms 
-body mi the advertisement 
hoardings beside the dug-out. : 

AH tint effort, however, came 
to" nothing-* Brazil, particularly, 
should have convened an ex- 
cellent chance created by- 
Walker, but at the .moment he is 
playing as if he had weflington 
boots on.: . 

NORWICH CITY: G Bsnstrad: I 
CubarbouH. A Sparing. S Bruce, M 
Phatan. I Buneraanh. O Mann. K 
Drtaka9.WBg^MBwham.D Gordon. 
Fereday,IDawas.MAflan.A McDonald. G 
Chtara. G Waddock. R James, . G Ban- 
ntoar. A Brad (wtx M Robinson), c 

Rataraa: V Q CaSow 

Ground control: Rush counters Wimbledon's high level tactics (Photograph: Chris Smith) 

Back to the drawing board 

By Stuart Jones 





West Ham United. 

West Ham a two-goal lead but, 
straying into a central position, 
he strode a perfect pass out wide 
i only ' 


for what can only be described 
as a typica 

Luther Blissett presen ted^a 
strong case to the Watford 
manager. Graham Taylor, on 
Saturday showing why be 
should not be the one to make 
way for his club's new £350,000 
signing Mark Falco. 

According to Taylor, a 
forward's role is waiting for 
Falco at Arsenal next Saturday 
but Blissett, who has made more 
than 300 League appliances 
for the club and has 14 England 
caps, underlined his worth by 
making one Watford goal and 
scoring the other. 

In falling victims to Blissett s 
opportunism. West Ham lei slip 
a lead for the fourth time m their 
nine first division matdies this 
season. Blissett. who had ex- 
pected nothing more than tne 
substitute’s shirt, was given a 
winger’s plat® when Smilhe 
suffered a late injury. 

He made little impression as 
Dickens and McAvenme gave 

against Ms former dub and 
Fhmigan had given Palace the 

-•sSS SSSSsc 

the nan tow, j*. 

gut, has respon de d with 10 
goals, the latest three of them 
coating- in the 4-1 vh aver 

Southampton have jpne from 
strength to strength since losing 
5-] to Manchester United, 
which has been United'S only 
success to date, while Chelsea, 
1-0 victors at OM Traffoid last 
week, again lost finply at borne, 
this time to Charlton for whom 
Lee hit the only goaL It was after 
Chelsea's previous splendid 
away performance at Tottenham 
Hotspur that they c on ced e d six 
goals at home to No ttingham 

A corner from Wflfiams the 
former Southampton . player, 
in to earn Arsenal the 
at Evemn. Another rar- 
gnl from Manchester 
by Hopkins p re ci p ita ted a 
Leicester < 

Wimbledon's teaching 
guide, 3 huge notepad the size 
of a blackboard, was still in 
place, resting on an easel in a 
comer of the room. One page 
was filled with the potential 
weaknesses of each Liverpool 
player. The lesson ended with 
a line of Dave Bassett's 
characteristic humour. "Other 
than-that, they are not a bad 
side," be had written. 

The accuracy of those words 
was ,to be confirmed and 
afterwards, as the Wimbledon 
manager glanced at his handi- 
work,, be stated that it was 
time to go bade to the drawing 
board. . 

Wimbledon's chances of 
matching the former cham- 
pions of Europe may have 
been realistic in theory. In 
practice, they existed only in 
thin air. Whenever the ball 
was propelled into ibe strato- 
sjphere, Liverpool's defensive 
line of five, as well as their 
unpredictable goalkeeper. 

waited for its downfall with 
understandable apprehension. 
Wimbledon's giants, and 
Fashanu in particular, were 
sure to be in the vicinity when 
it came back to earth, and life 
is never comfortable in their 

Liverpool might have suf- 
fered more severe damage 

era. It seemed significant that 
all three of Liverpool's goals 
should be claimed with a fooL 
The source of Wimbledon’s 
lone response should be 

Fairweather, the substitute, 
nodded in a Hodges cross with 
half-a-dozen minutes to go. By 
then, Liverpool, protected at 

By Give White 

David Pleat must have felt the 
tiniest regret on Saturday watch- 
ing his former love. Luton 
Town, and present one. Totten- 
ham Hotspur, compete for his 
affections. Even with their teeth 
missing there could be no doubt 
that Luton were the better 
looking and more beguiling of 
the two. 

But the separation was too 
acrimonious for there to be any 
turning back now. Pleat knows 
that just as be reshaped the 
features of Luton over eight 
tears, so Ik must do with his 
hew partner. onK more quickly 

and more beautifully. 

h is a different challenge that 
awaits Pleat now- He has proved 
his abilitv 10 shop sensibly ft 
bargains in the basement, now 
he must bid wisely for quality in 
the auction room. Having al- 
ready acquired Gough and 
Mitchell Thomas for £900.000. 
he made his firs imparted buy 
on Saturday: Nxro Ciaescn. the 
Belgian international, for whom 
he is believed to have out-bid 
Borussia Mcmchcngladbach and 

The While Han Lane crowd 
cheered enthusiastically as a 
smiling Pkai showed off 
Ciaescn — Belgium's leading 
scorer m Mexico - to the crowd 
tike a proud racehorse owner 
leading his winner around the 
ring. ]i must have brought back 
memories for Aidilcs. a real 
World Cup winner, sitting on 
the bench. 

The match that followed was 
a for cry from those Mundiai 
Cups even if the sun shone; high 
on speed and effort, less so on 
skill and mil In fact probablv 
ev entiling Clarsen had been led 
10 believe about the English 
game — save for us goals. 

The foci that neither side had 
their regular sinkers on duty 
was a reasonably good excuse. 
The game screamed out for a 
greedy, positive finisher in 
which case even Claesen might 
not have been the answer, after 
the game Pleat emphasized the 
unselfish qualities of his new 
£600.000 signing. Certainly 
Luton's Harford and Brian Stein 
would have had more opportu- 
nities to capitalize upon than 
Tottenham's Clive Allen and 
Fako. now bound for Watford. 

Foster, talking and playing 
another good captain's game for 
Luton, said ofHarford. who was 
poised to play his first game 
since a knee operation in the 
summer until struck down with 
cellulitis: “Just the sight of his 
name on the team sheet would 

within tbe opening quarter-of- ‘ 5ac 5„ l,y uie towering - J . . . . 

an-hour when Wimbledon talents of Hansen, Lawrenson have frightened them. It would 
- * - and Gillespie, had eased their frighten me. Perhaps 11 was 

were playing on high, where 
they are almost irresistible. 
Once tbe game had been 
brought down to ground level, 
the gap between technique, 
ability, imagination, and es- 
pecially variety, became as 
wide as tire geographical loca- 
tions of the two dubs. 

Tbe balance, which was 
eventually to be so uneven, 
could be gauged by the num- 
ber of headers. Within the first 
15 minutes, Wimbledon won 
tbe ball in the air on 30 
occasions. In the 15 minutes 
before the interval, tbe sum of 
their only reliable method of 
attack dropped 10 a mere ten. 
In the first half alone, there 
were no fewer than 103 head- 

way into a lead that should 
have been even more sub- 

After Wark and Whelan had 
finished inaccurately at the 
end of lonely runs through the 
middle, the gifted Molby and 
the extraordinary Rush struck 
within five minutes of each 
other. Rush closed by adding 
another, his II 6th for Liver- 
pool, to overtake Kenny 
Dalglish in the dub's goaJ- 
sconng list. 

WIMBLEDON: D Bcmswit K Gaga. N 
WvitBitMn.S Gattws. M Moris, B Gajua. 
D Woo. A Cone (sub: C Furwauhaii J 
Fashanu. L Sanchez. G Hodges. 
LIVERPOOL: B GrabbeJaat G GAespw. J 
Begin. M Lawrenson, R Whelan. A 
Hansen, J Walk, S Ntcol, I Rush. J Moby, 
S McMahon. ^ 

Referee JJSeakin. 

stage fright that got to Newell 
who dallied too long on one of 
the game's two best chances 
Luton, whose players felt that 
they had proved they could 
continue succeeding without 
Pleat, also created the other 
good chance which fed to North, 
but he discovered that you had 
to do a lot better when trying to 
beat Clemence. The former 
England goalkeeper is making a 
big contribution this season to 
Tottenham's improved def- 
ensive record and hopes 10 
warrant another year's contract 
with the dub. He stressed, as 
Pleat did. the importance of not 
losing when not playing well, a 
quality he learned, in his early 

ampionship-winning days 
’’on can sense 
beginning 10 

that somet 

United at their best in adversity 

with swerve, past Parkes. 

A Watford substitution- al- 
lowed Blissett to move into the 
middle alongside Barnes and, 
within five minutes, tbe switch 
had reaped its reward. Parkes 
punched an intended clearance 
on to Gale's shoulder and 
Blissett seized on the loose ball 
to neatly place his shot just 
inside the post from 20 yards. 

John LyalL the West Ham 
manager, took 80 nunotes to 
emerge from the dressing room. 
“We should be searching for 
more goals rather than trying to 
tie the thing down," he said. 

WATFORD: A Cotore D BaKtstov, L 
SmnotL K RSctrantson. S Tuny. J 
McClelland. N Cetafifien, L BfentL l 
Roberts (subc G Porter). K Jacket!, J 

WEST HAM IMRES: P Partes: R Stew- 
art G Parris. A Gala (sub: K Keen). P 
Htton. S wmtart. M Ward. F McAvemie, 

Referee: R Hamer. 

By Vince Wright 

Nottingham Forest 1 

Manchester United 1 

Manchester United's un- 
expected but wdl-eanied draw 
-against the League leaders will 
nave gone a long way towards 
restoring confidence among the 
players and lifting the morale of 
Ron Atkinson, tbe dub's har- 
rassed manager. 

United, second from bottom 
of the first division, could have 
been forgiven for playing defen- 
sively against Nottingham For- 
est But instead they threw 
caution to the wind against a 
team which has not lost since 
the opening day of the season. A 
second half equalizer by Bryan 
Robson, the captain, was just 
reward for United's boldness. 

Asa reminder of the game 25 

years ago, there were three 
wingers — Carr and Campbell 
for Forest. Olsen for United — 
no time wasting,, some inspired 
moments of individualism and 
teamwork. Tackles were 
yet without malice, and 
the spectators behaved them- 

Forest, the League's top scor- 
ers. were allowed few sights of 
goal by United's resolute de- 
fence, while at the other end, 
Olsen. Stra chan and Davenport, 
who was back on his old 
stamping ground, all went dose 
and United might have had a 
penalty when walker seemed to 
trip Olsen. 

However Moran and Mc- 
Grath were for once found 
wanting when Forest took tbe 
lead after 50 minutes. United 
were stranded by Gough's 
delightful flick under pressure 

which released Birtles through 
the middle and he finished 

Forest were now making bet- 
ter use of Carr's pheromonal 
speed, but United refused to let 
their beads drop and a 73th 
minute equalizer typified their 
determination. Davenport tena- 
ciously kept possession before 
slipping a pass to Robson, 
whose shot, although slightly 
mishit, was still accurate enough 
to beat Sutton. Robson was at 
his most influential which is 
encouraging for both United 
and England. 

Flaming. S Pnarco, D Walker. J Mstgofl. I 
Bow»w. F Can. N WMft. N CtouBhTG 
Suites. DCampbeL 

Swetewk, A Albttton. N wiutesute. P 
McGrath. K Moran. B Robson. G 
Strachan. F Stapleton, P Davenport. J 

Rateren: K Bsrrati. 

with Liverpool. “You can sense 
mething is 
happen here." he said. "Pleat is 
laying the foundations. I only 
hope I am here when he puts the 
roof on." 

Thomas. M Thomas. G Roberts. R Gough, 
G Maobutt. D Howeta. P Alton (sub. O 
Aidtesk C WMcfo GHridto. A Gatvtn. 
LUTON TOWN: L Seatey: R Johnson, a 
G rimes, P Nicholas. S Foster, M Donagf 
H HB. M steal. M Nam*. M North. 

Referee: A Sevtie 

English pah- 
lift Barcelona 

Madrid (Reuter) - Gary 
Lineker and Mark Hughes 
helped Barcelona go to the top 
of the Spanish first division on 
Saturday with a 3-0 home 
victory against Real Valladolid. 
Barcelona moved one point 
ahead of Real Madrid Lineker 
headed home the second four 
minutes before half-time. Nine 
minutes from lime Valladolid's 
goalkeeper. Fenoy. parried a 
header by Hughes but Munoz 
pounced bn the rebound. 


First division 



■ Emrton „ 








. Norwich Chy 


- Everton 

Coventry cxy 

• west Ham mu 
Somhampw 1 

I limn Towfl 
Leicester City 
■ flatford 

Dxtand United 

- >esea 

- ■piarfHjn 
vka m n es t e r Ply 
tston VUO 

' rfancneMrUjti 


-•* 'A 

0 Aston Vila 
? uScaaterCtty 

1 SawUiart mU M 

6 OxfordWfcwd 

4 Newcastle tM 
n Luton Town 

2 West Hera Utd 

1 L i v er pool 


Second tfivhnon . . 


Brighton^ 1 StahoCRy 

HuSdMfleHlti 2 pwtycojsey 

- - ? Eft S3 

Grimsby Town 

Thlnrt rNiJnlnn 

1 total 

1 Mst toCoiw ty 

2 Ne w port County 

3 OwstortMd 
O MaMCfhr 

9 S 

3 3 11 

24 8 20 

18 11 20 
19 11 17 
12 16 
9 IS 
5 15 
7 IS 

15 15 
19 13 

7 ’2 
13 13 
5 12 
11 12 
10 11 
12 11 

16 10 



La** 8 muted 

9 4 2 
7 3 4 
9 3 4 
9 4 1 

)Utd 8 3 3 

Bradford Cfty 9 3 3 

Sunderland 8 3 3 

anrangfamOCy 9 2 5 

Grimsby Town 8 3 2 

Derby County 

2 OMhomAth 0 
9 6 0 3 13 10 18 
9 5 2 2 14 8 17 
9 4 2 3 12 
3 11 
0 12 
2 9 

Btac tturn I , _ 
Huddersfield Tn 

8 3 2 
8 3 1 
8 2 4 
8 3 1 
8 3 1 

8 2 2 4 

9 2 2 5 
9 12 6 
9 12 6 

2 IB- 
10 U 
10 14 
7 13 
6 13 
12 13 

9 8 12 

10 11 12 
10 11 12 
12 12 11 

8 10 It 

7 9 11 
15 11 10 
11 11 10 

8 B 10 
12 13 10 

9 11 8 

8 12 8 
5 12 5 
5 12 5 



- - _ randon 0. &RMM 3 F*nrttfi 0 : 


Chatty On FM round: Arundel 8. 

BmWB 2. WWMhawjk 3; Etoshem 

3: Horsham 

Mldhurst and Essaboume 1 . 
Uttohampto" R y storantt. < ^gBBd 
a- puehaven and Tefsoomto Cftfs 0. 
Hassocks i: Portflekt 1. Shorehem 0: 
nBSBW ^ 1 Haywards Heath Ss Seatortff 
a Twm 3: Skfiey 4 FrenMends 


Port Ate 

SWMXM (3) 3 WHAM (0) 1 

Bambar. Jones. CampOsl 

Kamara &4S0 

9 6 3 0 18 7 21 

9 5 3 1 14 7 IB 

8 5 2 1 9 3 17 

41 20 10 18 
4 1 12 8 IS 

1 3 14 13 IS 

3 2 15 8 15 

3 2 15 W 15 

2 3 11 10 14‘ 

1 3 14 10 13 

2 14 13 13 

3 13 14 11 

4 11 13 11 

4 11 15 11 

4 15 16 10 

5 14 21 10 

4 12 14 

4 11 14 

6 13 18 

6.14 17 
3 7 12 

7 1.3 3 .7 13. 

9 12 6 3 13 

8 1 2 $ 10 20 


smeham 2. Nweaton 2: Barnet 2. TeHord 
2 Gateshead 1. Weaktstone 1: KMartog 
1, Makfcune 2 Kkterrranster t. Way-, 
mouth l: Northwich 4, Boston 0: Runcorn 
4, Dagenham 0: Scarborough i. Beth 1, 
Stafford a Enfield 3: Sutton United 0. 
Cheltenham fcWeSng 3, FHckley 2. 

Fourth ifivisfon 
Burnley 1 PramonN-End 

CardHfa* 1 CrawaAtox 



1 SooShendUM 

5 Crater CUy 

Iterated UU 








I Town 


Bristol _ . 

Notts Cotray 
Bristol Rowers 
Doncaster Rvrs 

Swindon Town 





Wigan A* 
Botton Wanda 
CsritotoUtd m 
R otherham Utd 

9 4 
9 4 
9 5 
9 4 
9 4 
9 4 

8 i 

9 3 
a 3 

9 3 
9 3 

8 3 

9 3 
9 2 
9 2 
9 3 
9 2 
8 1 










Not ttam pton 
S wa nsea City 

Colchester Utd 
Cambridge Utd 
Preston M-End 

Southend Utd 

Cardiff dry 

Exeter City 
Ctme Alex 
Hereford Utd 
Lincoln City 

Torquay DM . 
Scunthorpe Utd 


Hartlepool Utd 
Stockport . 

(1) 1 H4HTVPOOL (1) 4 


ffi) o WOLVES ft) 2 


PW D L ■ F A Pts 
9 7 1 1 22 12 22 

9 5 2 2 16 9 17 

9 5 1 3 12 9 IB 

9 S 1 3 17 IS 18 

9 3 6 0 18 11 15 

9 4 3 2 15 10 15 

9 4 3 2 14 13 15 

9 4 2 3 .13 10 14 

9 3 5 1 10 7 14 

9 2 7 0 10 5 13 

9 4 14 
9 3 3 3 
9 2 5 2 
9 3 2 4 
9 2 4 3 

7 2 3 2 
9 1.6.2 11 
9 2 2 4 
9 22 5 

8 2 15 

8 14 3 
•9 1 4 * 

9 2 0 7 
8 12 5 

Dundee UU 



Scottish premier dhnsion 
2 MoSmkwsH 
2 StMbran 
» Dundaa 
2 FaMric 
1 Mbendan 
1 ftannerm 
10 7 3 
10 7 2 
10 6 3 
10 B 1 
10 5 2 
10 4 3 
10 3 3 
10 1 5 
10 3 1 
10 2 3 
10 1 3 
10 0 1 

viator: Barttig S. FMmritkQVi 
Shelton 3. UAndsor and Eton iroiMai 0. 

0 21 
1 21 
1 13 
3 16 
3 9 

St Mirren 




16 10 
7 11 
7 15 
B 14 
10 20 

4 10 

5 24 







A PtS 
7 17 
6 16 

Scottish first division 

1 Queen of Sth 3 

1 Morton 2 

2 Pnrttofc 2 

3 DunfarmDna 3 

1 East Fife 1 

0 Brechin Oty 2 

Fortar A te 
FOma mock 






Forfar Ath 

East Fite 






12 8 3 
12 6 
12 7 
12 5 
12 5 
12 4 
12 4 
12 3 
12 2 
12 1 
12 2 
12 2 

A Pis 
10 19 
10 17 
W 15 
16 15 

Scottish second (fivitfon 
AMon Raven 2 Berwick 

AfioaAtetetto 2 Quee n ' s Pet* 

Aibroate 0 EaatSiMng 

0 Meedowbanh 

0 Stranraer 

1 Rate Rovers 
0 Ayr United 

Snt Johnstone 

4 25 19 13 

3 19 16 13 

4 IB 19 12 

5 19 18 10 
5 13 18 6 

5 10 17 6 

6 10 19 8 

B 10 24 6 

10 8 13 
9 11 12 

15 11 11 

11 13 11 
11 16 10 
7 6 9 


11 12 
13 15 
B 11 

7 12 
10 IS 

8 19 
3 17 


0. lAWwrton 2; Haringey 
ipctoad 2 




Reading 0; Luton 4_ Watford 2: Oxford 
nited 1. Crystal Patera 0: West Ham 3. 
Norwich 2. 

Gatesbotougb ft Burton i, Barrow 3: 
Hyde i. Mstkie 1; Rhyl 1 Morac amb e3: 
Southport 0 Mattock 1. 

Borouah 0, Tring 1; Hamel Hempemad 

Letohwonh Go 4 Boritnamsteu i. second 
{Matofl aoudt: Banaead 2, Motesay i: 
Chaifont St Peter 3 Easttxwne United 4; 
Chertsey 1, F&cfnwi Heath 0: Dorking 9 
Whyteteafe 0; Fetttam 1. Metropolitan 
Polka £ Harafleid 3. Marlow 3: Horsham 
I.RusMp Manor Z N e wb ury 0 Southall 3: 
Petersfleid Utd 4 Hungerlord Z 
Woodford 2 SawWdteteoiih i wflhem i. 
Tmphy: Hr* raenfe Bowwra utd 3 

Bralniree 2 Purflete 2 Britettiw* 3 
Rateham 2 east Thur rodt 2 Ctecton 2 
halstsad 4 Beckton 3; Maldon 1 Satlran 
Vtofiden 3: Whwihoe 1 Carney tstend 1: 
Ctoten 3 Eton Manor 0; East Han 1 
PvSim 2: Ford 0 WMham Abbey 1; 
Haisteed 4 Beckton 3: Hoytjndra Swthe 1 
Stanstad tt Ttptree4 Chmgfora 1. . 


SftURNOfT HUSH LEAGUE: Ards 1 Dietifi- 
ery <k Ballymena 1 C ten a wo n 1: Camck 1 
Ctfmrarfe 0: Crraaders 1 Bangor 0: 
Gtentoran 3 Lame 0: Newry 0 Cotemw 0: 
Ponadownl UnfWdl. 
Fhst nxaid: Cheltenham 4, Robinson's 
DRG 1: Shortuned 1, Brimscontbe a. 
Moreton 0. Woodon 0; Ahnandsbuy 85 f. 
OUand Dean 0; Yate a MwgotnlWa 3; 
5Mrpness1, FairfordO. 

Premier Abandon UU 0 WaUngtord 2; 
Bneste 1 wantage 2; Hounslow t 
Attetodon Town 3: PeflMU 3 Peaesus 
Joraors 3: Thame Utd 1 Monte Motors 1; 
Viking Sports 4 Supermarine 0; 
DrybdreughS Northern Lugue: Prat Dhr, 
Beolinaon 0 WMtoy Tn 2: Bbhop Auck- 
land 2 Harfiapool K BMh Spartans 2 
North SlwMds 2. Lsagoe Cup: First roonck 
AkwdckONorth a il B rtonl: Norton 3 Soutfi 
Bank 3 [Norton won on panalttec). 

LEAGUE: Pramter rfivtem: * 

Speteng 0; Eynesbury 2 D 
unfengoore 4 Anrahil 1: 

Staord a Long Buckby 0 
Northampton Soanoer 2 1 
5 Stetfoto 1: Rotowel i 
Neoi s 1 Hotoeach 4: Beds 

Sltrfing Alb 

AHoa Athletic 
Ranh Rows 
String Ate 
Ateon Rovers 
Ayr Unted 
Queen s Parte 
Snt Johnstone 
East Sorting 



9 5 
9 S 
9 6 
9 5 
9 3 
9 2 
9 2 
9 2 
9 2 
9 0 4 
9 12 
9 0 4 

L F A Pts 
0 20 10 17 

17 4 14 

18 7 14 

10 3 12 
16 15 12 
12 13 11 
12 8 
12 13 

11 16 
10 15 

5 12 
8 16 
9 19 
7 17 


2 : 

1: Astnn 
t St 


m: Bristol Oty 2. FauUon Rows ft 

iwicsA 2, Torrington 0 









Si I 


Replay: woonon 0 Barton Rvrs 2; Surrey 
County Senior Cup: Cambertey 4 Car- 
shalton 2: WfestfiwO Egtem 2. 
Pramter dhteioic Boston 0 Betpor Town 

1 Bridfingun Town 2 Hartogaia Town 0 

BnggTownOPont e lracicI OerafayUtda 
Brid&nton Treaty 1 Bnley 2 Sutton Town 

2 Ftofey Celtic 4 Bemtay 2 Long Eaton 
UW Q North Femby 4. 

FeUratowe 1. Gorieston fc Htaan Z 
Soham Hangars 0: March Town 1. 
Stowmarket ftThedonJ 0. Cddiester 
United 1: Wisbech 3. 8ranthun 0. Laerae 
Cup: Fira t rated: By Oty 1. Sudbury 2 
ttewna 1. wetton Z Lowestoft i. 
Chanens 3: Newmarket 1. Great Yar- 
mouth 4. 

dMstoit: Cutheroe 1, Burscough 1; Cur- 
zon Ashton l . Eastwood Hanley 3: Late 0, 
Mam D; St Helens t. He e twood 1; 
Liverpool County Cup Hrano aa cfc r aplay: 
Asraon 2 Ryianda Rees 0. 

SOUTHERN LEAGUE: Pramter dhtetera 
Ahtettwch 4. Chelmsford 3; Cotoy 1. 
Crawley i: Darttord 1. Bramsgrove ft 
Fisher 2 King's Lynn 1: WRenhaH 4 
Worcester ft MWtexI dhteom Bteton ft 
Coventry Sporting ft Bridgnorth 2. 
BuckmemmO: Mle Oek FtoveraO Merthyr 
Tydfil 4 Ruihden 1. Hatesowen 1. 
Seoteem tfivtetam; Andover i, Burnham 
and HUkngoon i; Ounsfflbte i. Tortxkfge 
l: Woooford 0 Cormtnan 1. 

Cup: First mmdaDnerahtm 3 Cottonf 
wanderaraQ. Pramter dMstottCorwhian 
Cesuate 0 Beaconefieid Utd ft Ulyscw i 
Ream 5 . 

hnmsdown Rovers 2 Edgware ft Norte 
Graenford 4 Crown and Manor ft 
Northwood 0 Yeactng i Haraiefi Tn 0 
Southgate 2 Raynerclam 1 Ruadpe, 


Sweden in 
the final 
thanks to 

From Richard Evans, Pngoc 

An injury suffered during 
practice at dawn pres ented Kent 
Cartwon from {Haying the first 
reverse singles for Sweden 
against CKrtioslovakU in the 
NEC Davis Cup semi-fina] here 
at the Stvanio? Stadium. 

Michael Pernfors, stepping in 
as substitute, was just the man 
to expose the raw talents of 
Milan Srejber and the French 
Open finalist did just that, 
taking the match 3-7. 6-0. 64). 7- 
5 to give Sweden a winning 3-1 

Carlsson. of course, might 
also have won — especially after 
his near-fouliVcs performance 
against Miloslav Mecir in the 
opening rubber - but Srejber 
w-ouid have found his one 
dimensional style easier to 
counter than the mesmerising 
variety of shots Pernfors used to 
unravel his game and destroy 
his confidence. 

The need to practise an hour 
or so before the 10.30 am start 
ensured that the fares worked 
Sweden's wav because some- 
thing went in Carls&on's back in 
the early morning cold and 
Davis Cup rules allowed Olsson 
to substitute another player 
from his four-man squad. 

Pernfors should have won the 
first set which he served for at 5- 
4. but Srejber sull had some 
confidence in his volley at that 
stage and ihc link Swede was 
still trying to work out the 
trajectory required to lob a 6ft 
7in opponent. 

Ir did not take him long. An 
extraordinary sequence of 12 
games saw Pernfors display all 
the cunning and skill that bad 
served him so well m Paris. 

Srejber. looking increasingly 
inept, did not help the Czech 
cause by allowing his under- 
standable embarrassment to 
turn into anger. Considering the 
petulance or his display, the 
7.000 crowd, basking in cool 
sunshine, were remarkably pa- 
tient and supporting. 

After the break. Srejber malt- 
'd to put Jan Kodes's words 
or wisdom to good use for a 
while but the captain could not 
play the game for him and a 5-2 
lead was whittled away by more 
errors before Pernfors started to 
score heavily again with those 
pinpoint passing shots. 

Saturday's doubles had at 
least saved Czechoslavakia from 
the ignominy of a whitewash 
and Tomas Smid deserves enor- 
mous credit not merely for the 
way he dominated the net 
against the world class team of 
Stefan Ed berg and Anders 
Jarryd but also for the con- 
fidence he managed to restore in 
Mecir. Apart from Smid's 
steady serving, it was Merit's 
service returns from the left 
hand court that proved derisive 
m the Czech's straight set 

So Sweden have reached thdr 
fourth successive final fry calling 
on the services ofa fourth choice 
singles player. Nothing more 
need be said about their depth 
and strength of Swedish tennis.' 

Brisbane (Reuusr) — The 
United States were back in the 
Davis Cup semi-final after a 
doubles victory by Ken Flach 
and Paul Annacone. playing for 
the first time together, over 
Australia's Pat Cash and John 
Fitzgerald at Brisbane yes- 
terday. Flach and Annacone 
took five-hours to beat the 
AustraliansS-10. 1-6. 7-5, 13-1 1. 
9-7. The reverse singles were 
osponed until today because 
'ash had played over 30 games 
yesterday. The United States are 
now trailing 3-1. 


Britain are 
on top of 
the world 

By Nicolas Soames 

Britain's veteran karate squad 
proved that age and experience 
can comfortably contain the 
impetuosity of youth as they 
shrugged o(f the challenges of 
young teams from Japan and 
France to secure their third 
consecutive world team title at 
the World Karate Champion- 
ships in Sydney. Australia on 

“There was real pressure go- 
ing in as the favourites and 
therefore as the team that 
everyone else trams to beau" 
said an ecstatic Vic Charles who. 
at 32. was one of the oldest 
competitors in the event. 

“But when we beat both 
Canada and Finland 5-0 in the 
first two rounds, we knew what 
we were capable of. and after 
beating Japan 3-1 in the third 
round, it was obvious it would 
take some very good opponents 
to stop us taking the title again." 

The semi- final against Italy 
saw the British squad receive a 
momentary setback when world 
light heavyweight Pat McKay 
was disqualified for excessive 
contact, although that was tbe 
only loss in the match. McKay 
was himself slightly shaken, for 
his more cautious approach in 
the final against France saw him 
again give a point away. - 

But just how dominating is 
Britain's karate squad could be 
seen by the feci that the other 
four fighters won comparatively 
easily, adding the world team 
title to the world middleweight 
silver medal won by London's 
Molly Samuel on the first day of 
tbe event 


Silver success 

Despite missing two key fight- 
ers in the world bantamweight 
champion Karen Briggs and the 
European middleweight cham- 
pion Diane Bell Britain's 
women's team won a silver 
medal at the European team 
championships in Belgrade on 
Saturday (Nicolas Soames 
writes). They test 4-2 to France 
in the fmaL 

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England off to 
good start 
with win over 
New Zealand 

It Is somewhat ironic that 
England, in their hockey cen- 
tenary year, should be staging 
the sixth World Cup at 
Willesden in the London Bor- 
ough of Brent. Not only is this 
one of those Labour councils 
which educationally 
disfavours competition and 
team sports, but the Inter- 
national Hockey Federation 
(FIH) is one . of the most 
resistant of sports to political 
meddling of boycotts by such 
as anti -a part be id movements. 

Politics ends here: if only 
other sports, and even the 
International Olympic 
Committee, could adopt 
hockey's sporting neutrality 
from ideologies. Someone 
shoold tell Juan Antonio 
Samaranch, when he comes to 
present the prizes on Sunday 
week, that any hockey' nation 
absenting itself from inter- 
national competition on politi- 
cal grounds is supended for 
five years. 

When India, the elected 
World Cup hosts in 1982, 
threatened not to admit West 
German players who had com- 
peted in South Africa, the late 
Rene Frank, then FIH presi- 
dent. promptly told the Indian 
federation — and not, signifi- 
cantly’. their Government — 
that if snefa action was taken, 
the tournament would be 
-switched at short notice to 
:another country, never mind 
India's financial loss. West 
‘Germany were admitted. 

■ Charles Palmer, the chair- 
man of the British Olympic 
Association, in vain tiled to 
persuade Lord Kfiannin to 
adopt the same stance with the 
Canadian Premier Pierre Tru- 
deau, over the exclusion of 
Taiwan from the 1976 Olym- 
pic Games. Pakistan and India 
both forfeited being hosts, in 
1971 and 1975 respectively, 
for refusing to admit each 
other's team. 

By Sydney Frisian 

David Whitaker. England's 
coach, had good reason to be 
pleased with the decisive vic- 
tory over New Zealand in 
Group A of the World Cup 
hockey tournament at Willes- 
den on Saturday. It was the 
kind of start that England 
wanted and there was nothing 
to learn from it. 

But Whitaker's enlighten- 
ment was to come later when 
he saw Argentina, who play 
England today, destroy Paki- 
stan. the world and Olympic 
champions with an astonish- 
ing display of speed and skill 
to win 3-1. No doubt he look 
proper note of Argentina’s 
areas of initiative. 

England's first thrill on 
Saturday was the conversion 
of a short corner by Barber in 
the third minute but joy was 
short-lived when the shot was 
ruled out as loo high. Two 
minutes later the applause was 
more lasting when Kerly 
nipped in to score from 
Boner's cross. 

For the first 20 minutes 
England were more inventive 
and New Zealand strove 
mightily io prevent the 
opposition from consolidating 
their lead. New Zealand, as 
their confidence grew, forced a 
short comer in the 21st 
minute and a cleverly devised 
scheme culminating in a back 
pass by Miskimmin put Daji 
in position to score and level 
the match. 

In a brief spell of ascen- 
dency New Zealand lost a 
great chance of snatching the 
lead. .Archibald, coming in 
along the line on the right 
passed to Gallen whose hur- 
ried shot missed the target by 

inches. Then almost on half 
time Batchelor hit the ball 
hard across from the right and 
Kerly turned it in to send 
England into the interval 2-1 

England started the second 
half with the lively attacking 
spell. Sherwani combining 
well with Kerly on the left and 
putting the New Zealand de- 
fence under pressure. Then 
the whole match turned on 
one fell swoop by Batchelor 
who eased a loose ball a little 
over the half way line and 
raced through on his own to 

Despite making two 
substitutions New Zealand's 
efforts were unrewarded and 
Kerly went in search of more 
goals for England. He was 
dispossessed near the circle by 
Wilson and later in a more 
favourable position by the 
goalkeeper who had rushed 
out in time. 

The Netherlands, who play 
England on October 1 3. 
looked unimpressive while 
beating the Soviet Union 1-0. 
but gave the impression that 
they were reserving their 
ammunition for bigger game. 
ENGLAND: I Taylor □ FaiAner. J Potter. 
R Dodds. M S Batchelor (sub. K 

Bhauia); R Leman. S Kerly. R Oft. 1 

NEW ZEALAND: I Woodley: R Wlson. Q 
nmkn. J Archibald, C 

McLeod. P Mbkimmkn 
Brown. J Rednovich (sub. G Pierce); J 
Smith, P Dap. R Patel (sub. S Norton); L 

Umpires: L Gillet (France). I 

win for 

By Sydney Frisian 



for Verga 

’-term view 




■ The ideologies of Brent's 
council chamber are of no 
concern this next fortnight to 
Sean Kerly and the eight other 
bronze medallists of Britain's 
Olympic team as they attempt 
to imprint hockey indelibly on 
the minds of the wider sport- 
ing public. In a deal of some 
shrewdness by West Nally, 
the marketing agents, on be- 
half of Worm Cup Hockey 
(London) Ltd — a company 
created to overcome the in- 
capacity of the Hockey 
Association which had been 
rndely exposed by the 1984 
international tournament at 
Willesden — BBC Television 
have paid no rights fee as host 
broadcaster: and hockey is 
gaining unprecedented expo- 

In return, the BBC agreed to 
install additional lighting, to 
screen all England matches, 
and to provide the technical 
requirements of those foreign 
nations requesting a television 
signal: and West Nally sell the 
service. All told, 26 matches 
arc being screened and this 
should put a modest £25.000 
into the £700.000 budget, with 
West Nally, taking a philo- 
sophical long-term view, 
merely breaking even on their 
Own services. 

Profits, if any. go to the host 
nation: Phil Applcyard, a care- 
worn chairman of the 
organising committee and 
president or the HA. hopes 
they will be in the black. The 
two main costs are the ex- 
penses of the 12 finalists and 
the erection of marquees and 
temporary facilities around 
the small bat first rate stadium 
with its artificial surface: the 
first time the World Cup has 
not been on grass. The main 
income is £350,000 in varions 
sponsorships, a ‘ projected 
£220.000 ticket sale, and 
£40.000 from the Sports Coun- 
cil. returnable against half of 

Hockey, so much more than 
football, lends itself to the 
perfection of an artificial sur- 
face, and high scoring matches 
like yesterday's between 
Australia and Canada could 
find the crowds swelling: 

England are attempting to 
build on the boost given by the 
Olympics in Los Angeles, 
making Darid Whitaker, the 
coach in Los Angeles and a 
former master at Marlborough 
School, the first HA director 
of coaching. Colin Whalley, 
the manager, is less de- 
monstrative than Roger Seif, 
the British manager, but is 
said to be showing indications 
of judgment and tact in han- 
dling bis team with its co- 
incidence of star players. 

The most valuable contribu- 
tion the World Cep can make 
on British television screens is 
to demonstrate the im- 
portance. not to say a the 
possibility, of discipline in an 
international -sport. A Span- 
iard who assaulted the umpire 
in' Los Angeles was suspended 
for three years. Maybe foot- 
ball should . get. itself two 

Australia one of the fended 
teams in group B of the World 
Cup tournament, gave a pleas- 
ing demonstration of their 
strength with a decisive victory 
over Canada at Willesden yes- 
terday . Some splendid goals 
made this an exciting match. 

Although generally over- 
powered. Canada were not a bad 
side and might have had a better 
result if they had seized thrir 
chances.schemer like 
Charleswortb nor deep defend- 
ers of the quality of Bestall and 
Davies. In fact Canada’s reck- 
less tackling led to heavy 

Chariesworlh opened the 
scoring by converting a penalty 
stroke in the 12th minute and 
combined beautifully with 
Walsh four minutes later to 
score the second goal with a deft 
shot. Australia's third goal was 
credited to Hawgood whose shot 
was deflected into goal by 
Canada's Vaz in the 21 st 

Canada found the net iVom a 
short corner through Chohan 
but his shot was ruled too high. 
Porritt sliced a shot wide before 
Australia took control again to 
increase their lead to 5-0 with 
goals by Hawgood and Walsh. 
Grimmer scored for Canada 
from a short corner but Austra- 
lia went 6-1 in front and with 
two minutes to go Sandhu 
convened a penalty stroke for 

AUSTRALIA: N Snowdon; J Beslan, C 
Danes (sub- K Wark), O Bell (sub: □ 
Evans). W Birnir ‘ 

R Cnarteswortti 

1 Btfminghaoi. T King. G Mitten, 
h Isufc P HaseUiurst). T 

Walsh. C Batch. N Hawgood. 

m: C vaz. H Sandhu, D 

CANADA: KGoothwi: 

Knapp (sub; M Muter). P Biotows. S 
Chohan. T Porntt. w Gnmmer. S Rutledge 
I sub: M Ewasechko). p Causa A 
Srahmst (sub: G ManwanngL 
Umpires: S Baghdadi (Pakistan) and G D 
Nash (England]. 

Anyone familiar with inter- 
national football would have 
believed that Diego Maradona 
had seized a hockey stick and 
joined the Argentine team at 
Willesden on Saturday (Sydney 
Friskin writes). 

The Maradona style of ac- 
claim with arms raised high was 
displayed by Alejandro Verga 
after he had scored the third goal 
against Pakistan eventually to 
be buried nearer the side line 
under a pile of felling bodies. 

Also cast in the Maradona 
mould not so much for his 
antiques as his weaving style, 
was Marcello Garrano the 
scorer of the second goal. He 
had played with some success in 
the lower ranks of Argentine 
football but gave it up and 
turned his hand to hockey. 

The coach. Luis Ciancia 
thinks that bad Garrafib per- 
severed with football be might 
have become another 

Ciancia was a little be- 
wildered by Saturday’s 3-1 vic- 
tory. .After being white-washed 
5-0 by Australia last August they 
had come to London expecting 
to pick up a few points in the 
World Cup in order to fortify 
themselves for next year's Pan 
.American Games. They never 
dreamed that they would begin 
by scalping the World and 
Olympic champions. 

One cannot explain the col- 
lapse of the Pakistan defence 
after they had taken the lead 
except by saying that they were 
blinded by the science of a few 
fast moving forwards. 

Argentina had finished last in 
the previous World Cup at 
Bombay there they bad been 
beaten 6-1 by Pakistan who had 
also won all six matches against 
them earlier at various other 

TODAY: England v Ai 

Soviet Union V New 

Netherlands v Pakistan (&30) 




Green strives 
add momen 
to English game 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspootet 

ported pack and, m the ^ 
the forwards, again* 
m aging machine a t fee Sw 
Memorial ground. 

“The basic-aim 
to inject more momentum,^ 
the English gam 

rTnvm i)v mvh hLi JS®* 5 * 

England are confident I hat 
Jamie Salmon and Simon 
Hallidav. the centres picked to 
play against Japan on Saturday 
will be fit though neither was 
able to play a foil pan m int 
squad training at Twickenham 

' Salmon tweaked a hamstnng 
playing for Harlequins against 

be nice 

they are also Work! 

iwansca on Saturday andjm- 

mediately left H* 
ever the situation had improved 
«i 24 hours later: HalWday had 
.«Y| stitches removed from an ankle 
wound on Saturday and though 
he missed Bath's win over 
Aberavon. is in no doubt about 
his ability to play . . 

Both plavcrs will join the rest 
of the pariv in training at the 
Bank of England ground on 
Thursdav. Yesterday the party, 
who were reinforced by Kevin 
Simms (Wasps), worked . at 
Twickenham against an im- 

Weekend results 

Green, the coach, sail tTJS 


nems. and. to see if*£ p j£ 
coming on in * 

non. W<r fed vat can dncowwT 
lot from the match « i ernTJ} 
stv Ic of play." r 

After the Spne Vnfe Jipu a 
rei ned squad will brigeetbL 
possibly some 4S-5trw)£*kS 
will be taken to PtortJSaS 
end of this month for 
training camp. T 
have to make aflowiarew 
those players who have retried 
long-term injuries or have fe— 
unavailable thus for fob sason 
for other reasons. 


The Saints go marching on 

By Keith Macklin 

While St Helens marched on 
at the top of the table with their 
unbeaten league record intact 
Wigan and Castfeford lost their 
freedom from defeat 

At Warrington, Wigan were 
without the injured Hanley, and 
with Goodway pressed into 
service as hooker they scored 
the first and last tries from Ford 
and Holden. However, a 
Warrington side tackling 
fiercely and running incisively 
against opponents still feeling 
the effects of Wednesday's battle 
against St Helens in the Lan- 
cashire Cup semi final, scored 
four tries in between through 
Johnson, Cullen. Gregory and 
Boyd in a 23-12 victory. 

Castle ford were leading 7-6 
with only minutes to go at Odsal 
when Bradford Northern 
brought the big crowd roaring to 
their feet with two brilliant late 
tries by Northern's Welsh inter- 
national winger. Phil Ford. 

Si Helens could have been 
shaken by the sending off of 

their forward Andy Platt in the 
30th minute of the home game 
against Wakefield Trinity, who 
have yet to win a game this 
season. The setback merely 
spurred the Saints, who contin- 
ued their high scoring feats by 
beating Trinity 32-11. The 
Australian half back. Brett 
Clark, scored two of the St 
Helens tries and the young 
centre. Paul Loughlin. contin- 
ued his personal scoring exploits 
with a try and six goals. 

Hull Kingston Rovers 
emerged from their leanest spell 
for years in the most satisfactory 
way possible, hammering their 
Humberside neighbours 29-6 in 
the Humberside derby. Halifax 
returned to form after two 
successive league defeats with a 
comfortable win at Barrow, and 
Leeds also returned to more 
familiar form in thrashing an- 
other pointless side Salford by 
40 points to eight. 

In the second division Swin- 
ton came back with a late 


Winners sorely tested 

By John Hennessy 

Patricia Johnson and Neil 
Roderick, last year’s runners-up. 
went ' one better in the 
Worplesdon Scratch Foursomes 
yesterday, as they should have 
done, since they now play off 
plus four and plus two 
lively. Even so, they were tal 
to the 17th by Claire Duffy (plus 
one) and Larry Hawkins (three), 
an unsung pair from 

The winners, indeed, so far 
fell below the standard they 
expected of themselves that 
Roderick, at one point, asked a 
newcomer to the igallery: “How 
is the golf going^T It was dear 
that “the golf* yesterday after- 
noon was more on view at 
Wentworth a few miles down 
the road. 

won the last three holes to 
square the match and produce a 
dazzling three ax the 19th to win 
iL Now, however, they could 
not follow up their break- 
through and two halved holes in 
par figures signalled the end. 

Time will probably show that 
Miss Johnson and her partner 
can hold up their heads in the 
glittering company that has 
graced Worplesdon over the 
years, but this particular perfor- 
mance will not. perhaps, live 
that long in the memory. 


Thhd roundt Mrs H Kaye and □ Langmuir 
. . - ' wefi. 3 and 

bt Mrs G A CafdwoB and l CaktweS. I 

1: Mrs L Bayman and M J Christmas bt 

Both pairs were out in 40. 
which was five over par on the 
women's card and four over on 
the men’s, and we had to wail 
until the 500-yard 15th for the 
only birdie, a four to the 
Maidenhead pair. 

Thai brought them back to 
two down, and encouraged 
hopes of a repetition of their 
stirring recovery in the morning 
against the formidable combina- 
tion of Linda Bayman and 
Martin Christmas. They had 

Mtss C Putty and L Hawkms bt Miss T 
Cra* and P R L Hughes 2 holes: Miss D 
Marriott and J Custom bt Mrs D M Stock 
and R J Ibbetson 5 and A Mbs h Wheeler 
and D Wheeler ta Mrs A Lanrezac and JN 
Capian i hole: Mre j Ncoteon and B White 
bt Miss K Harridgo and J Harridge 3 and t 
Mrs R WaKs and B K Turner bt Mrs C 
Stirtmg end D W Frame 2 and 1: Mss P 
Johnson and R N Roderick bt Mrs C 
Langles and T O" Brian 6 and 5. Fourth 
round: Mrs Bayman and Christmas bt Mrs 
Kaye and Longmur 4 and 3: Miss Putty 
and Hawkins bt Miss Mamott and Cuffum 
5 and 4: Mrs Nicatson and White bt Miss 
Whesfsr and Wheeler 4 and 3: Miss 
Johnson and Roderick bt Mrs Walks and 
Turner 4 and2.SemMtnst Mies Duffy and 
Hawkms bt Mrs Bayman and Chnstmas at 
the 19th; Miss Johnson and Rodenck bt 
Mrs Ntcoison and Whits. 3 and ft final: 
Mss Johnson and Rodenck bt Miss Putty 
and Hawkins, 2 ax) 1. 


French take 
race honours 

ft Fteury Mich on. was first to 
cross the finishing line. 24 
minutes ahead of the first 
British team boat. Tony 
Bullimore’s 60ft Apricot. 

As Fleury is virtually a 75ft 
version of Apricot — also de- 
signed by Irens — the race was a 
personal triumph for the British 
designer, who must now be 
ranked among the best in the 
world. Third to finish was 
.American Tornado Olympic 
medal winner. Randy Smyth e. 

The team result hinged on the 
race between the French 40ft 
Biscuits Camreaux and Triton. 

There was overnight drama 
when the 60ft Paragon, a strong 
hope for line honours, was in 
collision with a merchant ship 
in the Thames estuary. Last 
night, however, she was re- 
ported safe in Ramsgate 

RESULTS: 1. Fleury Mtafton (Pbdllpe 
Poupon. France); 2, Apricot (Tony 
Buffimore. GB): 3, Smythe Team (R 
USA): 4, Red Star (Don WootJ. 





* oroa . 33-1 medals. 93 gott 2. Chiu. 222. 94 . 
7. Japan. 211. 58. 

tnUDCS: Mere finals: SOOm: 1 . K Bofc-joo 
S Kori ,1mm 43.15UK. I toita ft uu. 1. T 

VOLLEYBALL: line China br India. 15-3. 15- 
5. ISA South Korea bt Japan 15-11. 15-10. 
15-13. 1 . China. 2. South Korea: 3. India, (lor 
places 5-0. Kuwau bt Pakistan. 15-8. 11-15. 
15-8.15-5. Bahrain bt Saudi Arabs. 15-11. 15- 
B.B-TS. 16-14. 




Nahavdcna (Japan). 2hr 08mm 2lsec (Games 
Lone I - - -- . — 

WRESTLING: Freestyle Finals: SJkff M Sato 

iJapani bt Y N Juuyban (Iran). 

I. K Jonq-d IS Karl. 7.94m 
rtua (China). 231m. 4 a 

reel _ . . 

High jump: 1 . 1 Juntas) ( 
loan rotor: 1. China (C J Burning. L Feng. ¥ 
3huanghui. Z ChWiL 39.17 [Asian red 4 ■ 
400m relay: i. Japan. 33033 (Asian ik) 
DccathtOR: 100m: f. J Uws IIMaj, 1113sec, 
832p«s 400m: 1. Uwe. 49 75.826 Shot: 1. C 

C 62kg: L 

Jung-teun (S Kort bi K Sakue (Japan). 3- fas- 
74kg: H Myun-woo (S Kor| bt A Zamn (Iran). 
3-1. SOkg: I. A Mart (Pak) bt M H MobeKii 

(Van), 3-1. Sokxman 

(IrOT)biFJ Mo h ammed (Iraq). 

BOLOGNA: Tow at Emfta: (233unl: (Italian 
unlaw Stand)- J. H Seta (Swttz). 5l¥ 41 min 
1230c: 2. E Pedersen (Mori, at lleac 3. P 
toW agL A P_Masoaregi. S. G HaroncheJfc 6. 
M Amaoort 7. D Cossan. 8. G Bugno. a. P 
Wnwttansson (Swe): to. (J Zumtarmsnn 
(Swnzk ail same tana 
HILL CUWL- Btrdwal Wheetes 
Edge. Bask*. l.796vdal: 1. C 

PORT MORESBY, Papua Hew Guinea: Inter- 
national: Austraka GO. Papua New Guinea 12. 

CLUB MATCH: west Hatltepod 71. WHmstaw 

10 . 




Zcbm (puna). 1299m. 940. Long hanp: 1. 
” ‘ i. 7 32m. 891. High jump: 1. X Xiashun 


• Mareaydda Pro-am inuttakorc 
UK? A- c Boflra, wn (Manche st er Wh). 
ihr 19mm 41 sac. 


(NalWest). 149/25/19: 3. M Rom 



(CtMUI. (LGSrn 050 110m forties: 1. Zebm. 

15 01 MV. 848. Oacus: I. T Kao (Japan). 

tm. 4.aam. 790. 

J3 74. 741. Potauautt 1. Zebm. . .. 
JeuehRi I. Uwo. 5&20m. 711. IpSOOtn: 1, p 
Yourbj-jjn (S Korl. 4 3186. 719. Final 
standings: I.Zebn Koto (Japan). 

1. P 

1000m: 1.L Chun-ae(S Kor), 9mm ll.92soc 
(Games reel Shoe i. H Zmhan (CtanaL 
1751m 4 a loom relay: 1 . Ctma (PWanan. S 
Lima L Xm. T YumeO. 44 78 (Asian red 4 x 

HORSEHDBb Road race: ft 5 nfltos): Tom i. 
Okt Gaytan ians. Ihr 13mm 27sec. 2 Harm- 
gay. 1-14-45: 3. Zaiim ana Southan. 1-17117. 
Fastest 2&-mito lap: N Gemmsl (Southamp- 
ton). limn Slsec -2, A Dw^ngn (C Gaytsk 
H Mctanes (O Gaytsi. 12m. 

14& A 



400m may: 1 . mAa (VM DarasG. V Rad. S K 

Q ncmna t i Reds 6. San Dngo Padres 
Houston Astros S. AKanta Brares 2: Montreal 
Expose. PMaddpma Prunes 5. San Franaa- 
co Giants _B bos Angeles Dodgers 2. 

Abraham. P T (JsnaL 3.34.58 (Games ray. 
BADMINTON: FMk Mare Stogtos: Z 
Jiantau (China) bt Y Yang (Chstaj. 15-9. 17- 
16. Doubles: P Joo-tXXi and K Moon-soo |S 
Kw) WT &angyi aim L Yongbo (CtmaL 15* 

15-10. Woman: Singles: H Amno (Chma) M L 
Lmgwa (Cfoia). 11^6. n-B. Doubles: L Y-G 

Pmsbuigh PMB»_a New Yore urns (post- 
poned], St ( 

Kor). 154. 8-15. 15-10 

’inwa-YooSaiw-hea (S 
10 md doubter P 

Joo-bongand CMymHMe IS Kori bt LOeuk- . 
encon and C So-youn fS Kor). 15-10. 15-3. 
BOXING: Rnete LgM-f>yw«4d: O Kwang- 
sooiSKor) btSBoanroawd (Than. ko. round 
2 RnmUic. K Kwang-am (S Kor). tx S 
Braxkr (India l. ko. £ EManwUt M 
Surio-gy (S Kori. bl S Suiankul (ThaQ.^-OptB. 

Lou® Gartmb * Ctroago Cuta 
rpostponad) American league: MJwaukaa 
Brtnrers 4. Toronto Blue Jays 1: Oetrw 
Tigers 6. Bawnom Onotos 3: C tew l a nd 
Indians 6. Seattle Marmora 5. Minnesota 
Twms 9. Chicago Whita So* 2: Texas Rangera 

6. CaHorna AraM i. Kansas City Royifea. 
Oakland A s 4: New Yota Yankees v Bmon 
Red So* (postponed). Saturday: National 
Cobs post- 

WATBWIL L& Mte d — tpi n a W pr Laadtep 
ante KOTOS: 282: □ Sntylh. 68. 66. 74. If. 
C PCorawrsnr. 73. 69 74. 73. 233: L 
71. 73. 74 29* D Jones. 74. 75. 
75. 77. »■ 

rMGOYA: Open dame Loidtog scores 
(Jatnnese (Mess stated). 271: M Kuramota. 
ea .69. 65. e. 2« S Maeda. 71. 73. 6& 68. 
J*1: 7 KawthbL 69. 67 TO. 75. 282: G Marsh 
(AusL68.7t.71. 72. 283: N Yuhara. 72.71.71. 


^g^SfTal). SB- 74. 72. 7!; D PohHUg. 

. . ftoneB (Barotoys) 

Z Warner Trophy iMBbore and 

144. a* - ~ • 

division: Cambridge United 0. Norwich 1; 
Chelsea 3. Portsmouth ft Gflttnham i. 
Southend 2: Ipswkm 4. West >lam O: 
M*ral 1. Watford 7: Orient G. Arsenal 2; 
Queen's Park Rangers 1. Chariton Z, 
Tottenham 2 Fulham 0. Second efivisroo: 
Bristol Rowers 0. Tottenham 1; Crystal 
Palace 1. Oxford United 1; Southend 4, 

saws.?**" -*■ BMtoa * 

G Thcmyson 

Gu*e at Co rnwu g m 

sfclpki.RLMundydnl - - 

Trotter (Ex RAE). 31 lift R Garwda (GPCM307. 
Prhmtt Cn 1. Trotter 899: 2. A Jones 
(AdniraJ^rBath] 895: 3. A Anderson (Curtoms 

■ Brighton 4. 

mier dhrisnrcbae Wdybridge 0 Makten 
VaU 4: CrenWtjh 0 CnpteBad 3; Malden 
Town 2 Godalniig 2: Merethem 0 Ash Utd 
1: Vlnyrna Water T Horiay 2. 

CUP: first 
round replay: Wootton D Barton Rovers 2. 

A Exasei 577. Ptatm team mattbes: Sl»- 
dard: i. Great Bman 3J1B: 2. Combined 
Services 3300. tatawdiat: 0 Lowe (HNL 573. 
Centre Rre: 1. Great Bntan 3.460. 2. 
Cortmed Sotch 3.420. tad: J Harrison 
(GB) 583 


PALERMO: Grand Pita: Sand-finals: 

P Arrays (Peru) bl C 


finaiK'Stenuid bt Arraya. 6-2. ^LOeebteK 

.. u 

" 6-1. 62 

P Cane and S Cotamboilt) bt C Mezzadn and 

G Odoooo (BJ. 7-5. 6-3 


WETBWDGE: SoriBy gate motor Send- 
firats Cotoma 2 GuUdtora hhgti 1 Qnmont 

laeraiK Ciacaoo Cubs B . : 

Sluus Caromats v Ctacego Cot 
Ooncd.NawYOrV Mats 6. PrttKwgh Pirates 1; 
New York Mats 5. Pittsburgh Pirates 2. 

2 St Cahermes 1 FhaL Claremont a Gataraa 

British League Swmdon 36. Shalfiekl 41. 
Gotten baknahP Cramp btS Moran Cradtey 
Heata 43. Cowarcry 35: Bella Vue 44. Kings 
Lynn 34, Brstfofo 4ft Reading 29 Sunday: 
Kings Lyrm 23. Cradtey HeaDl 55. 


. _ Hackney ; 

twtaat Dugard bl Mogndge. 

LOOSOtECHT, NetiMt te a ilK Dnfob indoor 
own: Sami-llaata: H Sukova (Czl bt R Rem 

itij. 61. 6G. c tbwiot (Frt bt S Hartka (W®. 
62 b-4 Fiiiah Sukova. bt Tamner. 6-2. 7-& 
Dortale* Sukova and K Jordan (US) bt 
Tanwer. and S Larsen (Dan). 7-5. 6-1 
M=W ORLEANS: Open Sard-final*: PShriver 
(US) bl G Sabatmi (Arg). 7-6. 63 

Cmcmnab Reds 10. San Diho Padres 7: 

a Breves 

Feateerwerohfc P HyeOtagok (S Kori. U A 
Taroreh (Indo). 5 


(S Kori bl L Canrenbo 

LWWiwe S t: K HyimJcyu 
anoo (PhH). 54) Lighh 

wetterwettht K KHael. (S Ko»l btS J«m 
(txkd). i-tfwollt _ 

WaB cn wMBht K 
5 Mongswn (Than, wo Li 
t L Hae-iung (S Kori K 

IS Kor) 


. . .. Oftware 

(Japan), ko. 3 MkfctieweMit: S Jim-soop (S 
Kor) bt N In-Ptnm (Tin). 5-0. Ltabt- 
hUNywMbb M Byeonq-yong (S Kor) oi H S 
Syed (PakT ko. 1 HeavywM*t K Yootoui 
(S Kori Bt D Smgn (bxtaL Ko. 1. Sopre 
heavywetaht B Hyurwnan (S Kor) blJ Singh 
«n*al. ko. Z 

Houston Astros ft Atlanta Breves 2 lob 
A ngeles Dodgws ft San Francisco Gants 1: 
Ph&Wpft* 7>n*es 5. Montreal Expos 4. 
American league New Yota Yankees 5. 
Boston Red Sox 3: New York Yankees 3. 
Bosnn Red So* l; Cleveland Indians ft 

Seattle M a nner s 5: Kansas Oty Royals 2. 


Oaktand a s 0: Detren Tigera n. 

Onoiea 4; Mmnssota Twms 7. Ctoago Wine 
Sox 3. Cakfomra Angers 2. Texas Rmigers 0: 
Mtoaukee Brewers v Toronto Blue Jays, 

SILVERSTONE: Bnfefa sektencerctompien- 
sMp: US loos): 1. 0 Brede (Con StartanV 
25mm 05 .31 s«c. (105 I7mt)h). Fastest tape 
Brreke 1J7.88. (10783) TMmoco c htonon 
sports champiansttaE (10 taps): 1. P GdWOn 
(Vision V88). 15:29.11. (113JS0V Fastest lab: 
G4»on 1 3065.(116.43) Final championship 
staadaigs; 1. Gipson 85: 2. N Bridge 81. 
Aiiantta Computers 28treGTchstoM>m«: 
(10 laps) 1. n tev (Chevron SB). 16.10.88. 
(10872) Fastest lap: F symar (Chevron B8 
BMW)- 1.3529. (iio 76. lap req. 




cbaretionsfiips: DuaiteMhals: A Nayfor bt R 
Mostey. M. 9-1. 9-1; B Pearson a T 
Saksbury. 6-B. frO. 9-4. S-4 : 1 Robmson a J 
JJtey- 9-1- MM: C WMstroo bt A Bennett. 
64 9-2. 9-0. Sem-hnaiS.- Naylor a Person. 
9-7. 9-1 94S. Robmson M Wilstrap 90.9-1.9- 


PARK: World 
16. 15-0 Ftotasa 
10 10-15. 15-13). 

ntna 3-1. (15-12. 15- 
_ . _. . _J* 9*12): Potand a 
Ctoia 3-0.(15-11. 15-B, 15J). Jarona Italy 3- 
Z (13 IS 1 MS. 15-11, 154 15-10). 




EOUESTMAN: Jumping Final: 1. T Tomura 
(Japani. OOOpts (won m jump-oft); 2- S Tcku 
(Japan). 0.00. 

FOOTBAUj SefflHteais: South Korea 4. 
inoonesa 0 Ftaafc South Korea Z Saudi 
Arerw p Third-place play-off: Kuwait 5, 

Indonesia 0 . 

JUDO: finals: heavyweight (over 95kg)' Hi 
Sano (Japan) a X Gooqmrj jcriria). ippon. 
Owns Y Masalu (Japan) bl C Yong-dwl (S 
k'ort. runruLgacta 


HARARE: Tour match: Zimbabwe President a 
XI 35 and 139-6 dec Young West hides 100 
end 227-8 (CHoooef 88). 

WALLINGFORD: ffire 1. M Oserens (WaL 
kne tfo rca 15mm ASsec. Soreor A: J Eberln 
(Tioaway). 15-53 Senior ft B Cotgan (tide* 
J. 1fi:lB- Senior C: D McDonald tee) 
16-22. Sower G Barnard (Tideway). 1639. 
Junior: JEearie (Hampton). 1&S3. Under 16: J 
Wnqht I Hampton i. 1642. ft C Cusack 
(Waftigtordl 1fti4. ft A Qphk* (Adun. 
16-59 ft K Braun (Hentey). 172& Es J 
Gumbrsn (Atkiri 17-os. Vet mwam D KWson 
(Wailngfonn. 7015 Women: Senior ft s 
Smah (Atengdonl. 17.43. Novice K Grose 
(Tutewayi. ift09 



EngBsh schools 
Boye Janor. Free- 

Royal Bank of Scodand 
DMston one BrtshN 3. Falcon Bectncoi i. 
Kintech 0. MW ft Dundee Hrfctgn 0. Scottish 
Farm 3: Paisley 0. Krystal Klea 3; Itey PtoM 1. 
EastKtenda3 WMMmDnWenonKFnins 
3 Glasgow Banrwman 2. Caik*a 3. Latter) 
Or Inverclyde 0. Ponreical insuance 3 

style: 1. letmeld (Luton), imn 56i5see 
(record). Modtsy: 1. valley Comp (WonreopL 
2:1225 (reel tanmnedtote: Fnmstyle l. 
MiUfiekL 1.43.39. Medley-. 1. MlMd. 
1 5773Seta©n fieeetyte i. Kedy Con 
(TavisnckL 1 4i 45 Hadlay. 1. Keay. 15292 
tieci GMc Junior FMsqie 1. Han Mead 
(Upriinstenl 2.01.07 (red. Itedtey: 1 Hall 
Mead. 21750 irecdL Mtemmdmtoi Freo- 
Stytml Kety.21059 Medley: KeDy. 31359 
Senior Ftatstyta: 1. KeSy 1-S5.02 
Medkqnl Ke»y.210 17 


Venue change 

Zurich (Reuter) — The Swiss 
resort of Davqs will replace 
Ebnai-Kappel in hosting the 
men's World Cup Alpme ski 
giant slalom on Januan- 6. 


Off the mark: Neal Fookls at Stoke yesterday, where he won his first major snooker 
tournament, the BCE international Report, page 34 

flourish to topple ihe unbeaten 
second division leaders Shef- 
field Eagles in a high scorii 
game at Station Road, anc 
Runcorn Highiidd maintained 
their run up the table and a 
strong challenge for promotion 
with a convincing victory 30-14 
over Workington Town. 

In Saturday's National Ama- 
teur League games, the Cum- 
brian side. Miilom .ended the 
unbeaten record of the leaders. 
He worth .from York, and 
Heworth’s slip enabled West 
Hull to go to the top of the table 
by beating Woolston. 

Cornwall 15 .tapm 
Connaught 27 Canada 

Coventry 12 Lmyattr 

Mosafoy S Sale 

Richmond 30 London Wetoh 

52; Bristol 15. London Irish 13: 

7: cJrggegg-3 


9n^stsss sssm 

Habtax 12. Haadtagley 27; Hartequms 15. 

Swansea 25; Lwwpool St Httws 26. 
i park 10: Neath 11. Llanelli 10: 

1 13. Saracens 33; Northampton 

30. London ScoWsn & Northern 32. 

VMmskN* 7; Notwigtam 39. Gostonh » 

Nuneaton g. Rugby 9; Oxford Urtewwhr 

42. Hanley 8; Pontvpool 22. Maastog Vt: 
Pontypridd 16. W&kehaW 14; Ro5S)yn 
Park 14. Orrefl 15: Roundhay 17. Metro- 

Ponce ia Sheffield 19- west 

xitf 1ft. Torquay 16. Cross Keys 0: 

Vale of Luna 21. Bumuigham 0. 
LEAGUE: First dMakmAyr 14. Stewart s 
Mehnae FP 18; Etanburgh Acadenwate 

31. Glasgow Aodenwate 1ft 24. 
Jed- Fores 7: Matrose IB. Gala 24; Selkirk 
9. Kelso 20: Watsoreans 18, Borougvmiir 
12: West at Scotland 27. Hanot s FP 21. 
NORTH: Blackburn 3. UltiMtoraugh 4; 

Bradford and Bin^ey 7. Isie of Man 25: 

Chester 3. Wmnmgton Park 37; Harrogate 

19. Middlesbrough 18: Huddersfield 9. 

Bakenhead Park 17: Hull and East Riding 

' Rochdale 

Brighton ft Mority ft Durban 

Otanam 14. Sout npat 

WakeMd 14: Ptonon _ _ 
Ottey 1ft Sheftott 1ft WmR 

Tyideatey 10. St Mvy* QW „ 

_ WfewHM 

T^rMNUte 15. Kaiidal i 










L Scratch 

P W 
Z 2 


20. West Park 22; Kefohiay 0. Rod* 

15; Lymm 39. Lei^f 4: Manchester 3. 1 









L Welsh 

L Insh 



P W 
1 1 

0 1 
0 0 

F A 
48 8 
t0 3 
58 21. 
10 7 
2T 21 
68 HE 
20 <2 
21 40 


0. 0 


Dublin bows to Kelly 

RUST DIVISION: Barrow 1ft Hafetax 23; 
Leeds 46. Salford 1ft OUham 2ft WiditeE 

From John Wilcocksom 

16. Warrimton 23. Mfigan 12; Si Helens 
32. Wakefield 11: Hul KR 29. I 

— . Hul & 

Featftarstone 5ft Laktii 16; Bradford 1ft 

second pnnsKM Whitehaven 22. 
Mansfield 18: Huredet 36. Batley 10; 
Dewsbury 16. Bramley 16: Huddersfield 
14. Doncaster 24; Fiiham 44. KataMey 12; 
Carfiste 22. Rochdale ft Swtnton 46. 
Sheffield 26: Runcorn 30. workanton 14; 
Blackpool 14. York 13. 

A mare perfect script could 
not have been written for the 
second Nissan Classic, which 
can claim to be Ireland's biggest 
sporting event following a week 
of superb competition mid mas- 
sive crowds. Scan Kelly, the 
national hero, won the race but 
everything depended upon the 
last sprint m O'Connell Street 
Dublin, yesterday afternoon. 

After three fiercely-fought 
intermediate sprints for time 
bonuses. Kelly had retaken the 
overall lead by two seconds 
from the overnight leader Sieve 
Bauer, of Canada. 

Halfway around the last of the 

Teun Van Vliet sprinted may 
and maintained a 50-yanl lead 

to win the stage, while Ids 
Belgian colleagne Eric 
Vandcraerden. streaked out of 
the final turn into second (tee. 
This left Kelly and Bauer maefly 
sprinting the final 130 yanh 
dbow-to-elbow until the irish- 
man went into overdrive and 
sent 50.000 fens home Vilh a 
smile on their feces. 

RESULTS: Rtth ataaa (ArMcnrtoDut*, 
:1. T Van Viet (N«tbL2«r4ten 

77 nnlos): : . 
lOsec: 2. E Vandaraanfen (Ba&MlacS. 
S Kaky (ini): A S BauaTpSrt S, W 
Tackaert (Baft 6. J LtodlBM (BflQ. M 
same ww. Final posMon* 1. KaBy,2lbv 
49mm 20sec: ft Bauar >r at Stoe 3, K 
AiKtanwi.23; 4. Van \rt»t 2& 5. Atrotei 
(GB). 4& 

France took the Silk Cut 
Challenge Cup from the British 
yesterday by just a quarter of a 
point in the multi hull race from 
Brighton to London's Tower i 
Phillipe Poupon. sailing 


Taylor family delight 

the new Nigel Irens-designed 75- 

There was delight all round 
yesterday when Anne-Marie 
Taylor and Bolebec Miler won 
the Chatsworth Audi Horse 
Trials after four days of superb 
competition. Although Miss 
Taylor has had plenty of experi- 
ence - she was fifth at the World 
championships in May — the 
horse had not. Two weeks ago. 
the nine-year-old gelding, 
bought originally for his owner. 
Mrs Shiriev Marier. to hum. had 
never competed in an advanced 
one-day horse trials, let alone an 
advanced three-day event. 

The pair completed 
Saturday's cross-country with- 
out incurring any faults and 
then, despite the pressure of 
having to gp last in yesterday's 
show jumping, hung onto their 
lead with a fine, dear round. 

This is Miss Taylor’s first three- 
day event win. In a happy 
weekend for the Taylor femily. 
Anne-Marie's older brother. 
Nigel, finished eighth on Croon 

41.05: 3. Space! Appartmgnt/R IPs 

53-60; 4. 


7.30 unless Stated 


I (at Man city 

enham v Sutton United. 

SOUTHERN LEAGUE: General Motors 
ACCEP TANCE CUP : Quafifytafl EES 
Cortty v Bromsgrove. 

vbttn: Stevenage Boro « Kingsburv. 

IT TO ill 



w Youth CUPS Second 
round: Exeter City v Torquay Urn. 


SHOW JUMPING: Tha Horae of ftaW 
Show (at Wembley Arana). ■ 

SNOOKER: Tennants UK Open. 
wy Bounds 1st Manchester. Burt- to*; 
fon-te-nwows. Mtorcastar, LticMvad 

Refine Assoctotion natfcMj 
chanjptonohip: Foiats (st Tetford RaoNat 
and Fitness Centre). 


Ctt unml from page 33 



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-ltd UJM.J- I 17 00 MohTii 

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ten 1.6-milc laps in the city 
centre, the overall f 

By Jenny MacAithor 

and twelfth on his other hone. 
Ace. • 

If Miss Taylor was ddigitM 
with her win. Clare Mason, who 
celebrated her 23*d birthday 
yesterday, was no less pleased 
with the performance of her 
horse. The Artful Dodger, who 
retained second place after 

incurring just 0.25 time potato 
yesterday. The 12 -year-old 

horse gave Miss Mason ter best 
ride ever on Saturday. 

This was only the second 
running of the Chatsworth event 
but a high standard of com - 
peiiiion has already been estab- 
lished- Only five horses fail ed to 
complete ihecross-country and 
with five finishing dear wttimt 
the time, the phase exerted tte 
correct influence on the even 

RESULTS: 1. BoBMC Mtor* (A^C 

39.40; ft The 'Artful Dodoar (C r 

n . 

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Today’s television and radio programmes and Peter Davalle 




JJfpwMl and international 


^»"spop music 


^Jjn 0 Groats to Land's 

nat^L coast at Ireland M7T 

3,35 S^Sl 3 ? ? f <a y SdTOo1 work rftte police asfl 

Presented by Ben Thomas Fairy Story, by Tony R 

IJJ^Supst-J^net Palmer. 10.11 Producing craps 


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I . 







1 -°® Noon ^ 

Richard Whitmore and 

uuine Mayer, indudes 
news headlines with 
subtitles 1JS Regional 
news. The weather details 
come from Michael Fish 
1-30 Postman Pat A See- 

Saw programme for the 

JgYfgung. ( 1 ) 1.45 

3.10 Songs of Prate*, a repeat 
of yesterday's 25th 

introduced by Thora Hird- 
(Ceefax) 3J>2 Regional 

3-55 P» In the Sky. Unearthly 
adventures of a baker and 

his wife 4.10 Wtzbit with 
Paul Daniels 4£o The 
Mysterious Cities of Gold. 
Cartoon adventures of a 
young man and woman 



! i iiS Vl 

seartfting South America 
for lost cities. 440 Beat 
tte Teacher. The reigning 
champion. Miss Edwards 
of Cottenham Village 
College. Cambridgeshire, 
is challenged by a pupil in 
another round of the 
general knowledge game. 

4^5 Newsround with Roger 
Finn 5.10 Blue Peter. 
Simon Groom and Goldie 
join bat enthusiast Phil 
Richardson on his nightly 
patrol in the depths of 
(Ceefax) £L35 The 
FGntstones. Cartoon 

S 6 TIC&. 

6.00 News with Nicholas 
Witched and Frances 
Coverdale. Weather. 

5135 London Plus presented by 
John Stapleton, Linda 
M itche ll and Caroline 

7.00 Wogan. David Frost dons 
the master's mantle as 
Terry takes a fortnight's 
break. The guest list 
includes Frances and Phil 
Edmonds, and Dame Edna 
Everage. Music is ■ 
provided by John Parr. 

7-35 Life on Earth. David 
Attenborough visits the 
Comoro Islands, a lake in 
Africa, and a Durham coal 
mine searching for dues 
to how some species of 
fish developed into 
amphibians, (i) (Ceefax)- 

8.30 Brush Strokes. Comedy 
series starfmg Karl. 
Howmanas Jacko, an 
amorous painter arwl 
decorator who, this week, 
begins to befeve he has - 
lost his touch with the 
ladies after foiling to ■ 
impress the young dolfies 
to the dress department 
where he is working. 

9JW News with John Humphrys 
and Andrew Harvey. 
Regional news and 

&30 Panorama: Man of StoeL 

David Dim bleOy interviews 
- Ian MacGregor. 

10.10 The Horse of the Year 
Show from Wembley 
Arena, featuring The 
Raffles Classic. Presented 
by David Vine. The 
commentators are 
Raymond Brooks-War and 
Stephen Hadley. 

11.20 Matt Houston. The second 
and final part of the 
mystery in which the 
millionaire investigator « 
desperately trying to 
prove his innocence. 

12.10 Weather. 


6.15 Good Morning Britain 

Diamond and Adrian 

Brown. News with Gordon 


financial news at&35: 
sport at 6.40 and 7.40; 
exercises at &55 and 9.17; 
Joan Coffins Inlwvww at 
• 7.15, 8.15 and &45; 

at 7^i; and Jimmy 

Greaves's television 

highlights at 8 ^ 5 . The 
After Nine guests are Uri 
Gefler.arxf ch3d care 
expert Penelope Leach. 


9-25 Thames news headlines. 

9-30 For Schools: music by 
chBdren from the west 
coast of Ireland 9JU The 
work of the police 
Fairy Story, by Tony Ross 
10.11 Producing craps 
10 l 23 Car production tines 
with robots 10.45 
Successfully handSnq a 
job interview 11.07 Maths: 
the number '4* 11.18 
Science: force, friction and 
streamfinteg TL41 The 
water cycle. 

12JJ0 T«etfmnendCtaudfe.(r) 
12L10 Let's Pretend The 
first of a new serin for 

12-30 The Medicine Men. Spine 
manipiflators. (rt 

1.00 News at One 1.20 Thames 

140 Fflac Violent Playground* 
(1957) starring Stanley 
Baker and Arme Haywood. 
Thraer, set in the slums of 
Liverpool, about a 
policeman who is taken off 
an arson investigation to 
concentrate on juventa 
crime aid finds the two 
finked. Directed by Basil 

345 Thame® trews headlines 
3L30 The Young Doctore. 

4.00 Tickle on the Tara. Vtttvje 
tales for chidren 4 - 10 Tbe 
Trap Ooon The first of a 
new animated series set in 
a remote castle 440 He- 
Man and the Masters of 
the Universe 445 
Chocky** Challenge. 
Adventures of a 
sometimes invisible visitor 

• ft has bean far too long 
since I last wrote about BBC 
Schools TV. despite 
reminders by petmte who are 
able to tune to touAYTME 

ON TWO (BBC2. 948am — 
245pm) that l am missing 
some or the most eonstefently 
inteffigent programmes to be 
seen anywhere on BBC 
Television. 1 was pleased, 
flwafore. to be given a chance 
topreview the thmf ina 
Merfla Studies series called 
tnsida Television (1248pm. 
repeated on Thursday, 12 . 12 pm), 
designed to encourage a 
critical approach to the mediun), 
and stimulate classroom 
discussion. The ffim, dealing with 
the way that television tackles 
documentaries, should achieve 

■WW' dfficuity whatsoever- The format 

■ZlnHC' : 'W is commaidably simple: 
jl « ^ i r US 1 . Z fifstjcfip from documentary; then, 

Eleanor Darid sad CoIfo BUkcly commoit from producer; 

on IT\, at 940pm finally, questiofl to air debate. 


Three documentaries, 
already seen or BBC Television, 
are dissected They have 
been well chosen, because mey 
throw up questions that afl of 
us, 8 t some time or other, must 
have pondered is it possible 
for a producer to be neutral ? (a 
ftm about the hippie convoy 
rushed by the ponce to Stoney 
Cross); do producers have to 
be jokey In order to get 
information across? (a 
trauseriess BjO Odde 
spearheading an inquiry into 
ttie meaning of dreams); can 
people behave in a natural 
way when television cameras are 
pointed at them ? (RSPCA 
tospector totercepts former who 
keeps Ns battery hens in 
hellish conditions). The Q. ED. 
flhn about dreams was, 
frankly, fruitless, and the 

producer is man enough to 
admit as much. The Stoney 
Cross ffim is put into its 
correct perspective ', it was not 
about squatters vpoboe. but 
a story about freedom and 
tolerance. The submission 
offered to defence of the battery 
hen honor story is that it gcj 

I can vouch for mat I have 
strtl not quite got Over it 

• Also recommended today: 
Sidney Franklin's grand old 
specimen of Hollywood 
Ctr-notsene The Good Earth with 
Paul Muni. Luise Rainer and 
an abominable plague of locusts 

Nick Dunning packing us oft to 
bed with our blood chified by 
reading the first of 15 aptsodes 
of Patrick Hamilton's 
psychological thriller Hangover 
Square (Radio 4, lO.iSpm). 

Peter Davalle 

945 This week s Composer 
Franz Schmidt 
Recordings of tho^ Toccata In 
C. tor organ (ptayed by 
Martm Hasetoodg, Rocnsnze 
in A, tor piano (played by 
Jorg Dems). and Quintet in 
Beat for danrwr. smng 
. trio and piano hwth Thee 

King, clarinet. Cfiflort 
Benson, piano , and Afiegri 

1040 London Ph ana moc a c 
(under Boult and 
Pritchard). Warner (R«nn 
orartura), and Britten's 
Violin Concerto { sotocsb 
Rodney Friend) 

1045 Aten Brow t piano 
reote!. Rawxhome 
(Novelette mE, Dp 17 No 
3K Prokofiev (Sonata No 2 at 
D minor) 

1145 Emoron Smng Quartet 
Mozart (Quartet at B flat. 
K5S3) and Ives (Quartet No 

Radio 4 

940 Ceefax i 

948 Daytime on Two: how to 
start row own business 
1040 For four- and fivs- 
year olds 10-15 MSte 
sound signals 1048 The 
abffities of hands, feet 
hooves and paws 1140 

Schoolchildren become 
reporters with the help of 
audiotape 1142 Choosing 
options to the third 
year. 1145 Archaeological 

140 The Puppet Man. The final 
episode of the dramatized 

documentary series 



1248 Meoa Studies: aaktog a 
documentary, (see 

1240 Thefunctionof artin war 
IjK Micro F9e (ends at 
140) 148 Wortong at a 
Garden Centre 240 
Woods and pictures 2.15 
Quarrying raw materials 
for bricks. 

245 Sign Extra. The Open 
Space prog ram me. Snap 
Judgements, adapted tor 
the Bearing impaired, (r) 
345 Interval. 

3.10 ta temat tonal Hockey. Live 
coverage of the second 
half of the match between 
England and Argentina in 
the Men's World Cup- 

440 FBneFMrWbKfto Java 

5.15 lee Skating. The St fvel 
British Junior 
Championships from Lee 
Vafley Ice Centre. 

545 News 640 Thames news 
with Andrew Gardner and 
John Andrew. 

645 HeW The Pubfic Order Bill 
is discussed by 
representatives of the 
Police Federation and the 
National Counca for 
Voluntary Organisations. 

645 Cro ssroad s. 

7.00 The Krypton Factor. Three 
men and a woman 
compete to tonight's tests 
. of mental and physical 
abifities. (Oracle) 

740 Coronation Street Kevin 
and Saflv prepare for their 

840 We*HThtok of Something. 
Comedy series about a 
man dmerminettnof to let 
radundsocy get hfcn dowa 
840 Wodd 'm Action, Foftowtog 
' Edviiina Currie's strictures 
to the North-east about 


visits foe area and the 
- south-east of London to 
compare relative 

prosperity and health 

940 Paradse Postponed. - 

Episode four and Lesfie 
Trtmuss promises his 
mother-in-law that he wffi 
soon be representing the 
local consctuancy; Henry, 
marries to the States; and 
Fred talks to the 

1040 News at Ten and weamer 
foSowed by Thames News 

1040 FBnu Man of Letters 

professor in Ns Sixties 
who Dkes nothing better 
than a ffirtation. A raade- 
for-television production, 
dreded by Chris 
• Thompson. 

1240 World Chen 


MacMurray and Vera 
Ralston. Drama, set in the 
19th century, about the 
search for a hoard of 
(fiamonds htoden on 
Krakatoa. Directed by 

540 News summary with 
subtitles. Weather. 

545 Harold Lloyd" Excerpts 
from From Hand to Mouth, 
made in 1919, in which he 
finds fortune after 

3?am?'nJe!Sf l Brotiier. a 
1927 production, to which 
he is on the run from a 
vengeful brother, (r) 

6.00 FBneCfiarfie Chan attire 
Olympics* (1937) starring 
Warner Otand. Trie 
oriental detective is 
chasing spies from 
Honoiuiu to Berlin. 

7.10 Newsround China: 

' pandas to P sriL T he joint 

toe Chinese government 
to save the beleaguered 
creatures, (r) 

745 Open to Question. Mrs 
syfary Whitehouse faces 

. questions from a studio of 

young people. 

845 The Story of EngHsh. Part 
three of foe bistory of the 

wSj period 
of Shakespeare and the 
IGng James’ Bfole. 

940 The Paul Daniels Magic 
Show with guests mime 
magician Jeff McBride, 
and bicycfists from Italy, 

945 Naked Wtea Quick-fire 
comedy sketches, (r) 

10.10 Famous Last Words. 
James Anderton, Chief 
Constable of Greater 
Manchester, has the 
chance to correct Ws 

Walter mkinson, a 
puppeteer and writer, (r) 
240 nm: The Gtood Earth* 
(1937) starring Pad Mura. 
Drama about passant life 
In China. A slave wife finds 
her happiness threatened 
when civil war brings 
wealth to her family, 

540 World Alive: Spain. This 
week’s fitoi on the wkdfife 
of Spato focuses on The 
Carpenter of the Forest - 
the woodpecker, (r) 

540 SOents, FHease* A 

condensed version of the 
classic sflera. made to 
Germany. Variety, set 
against a circus and 
vaudeville background, 
starring Emfl Jamtings and 
djrected by EA-Dupom. 
640 I Could Do That Part four 
of the series following the 
efforts of four young 
peope from the norm-east 
of England who are each 
trying to start their own 
businesses. (Oracle) (r) 
640 Democracy Rutes-OK? 
The prize j wtoning entries 
in the David Hariech 
Democracy Prize for the 
under-255 to which groups 
had to make a Wm or video 
on the subject ot 'Making 
Democracy Work'. 

740 Channel 4 News. 

7-50 Comment from John 

Newman, deputy general- 
secretaiy of the National 
Union of Marine. Aviation 
and Shipping Transport 
Officers, weather. 

640 Brooksida. Sheila is stffl 
having nightmares about 
the rape and desperately 
needs her family around 
her, but Guy resents 
Karen's daily visit to her 
mother; and Harry sees 
the advert for a third 
person to share Pafs and 
terry's flat and worries that 
he win be unable to get his 
rent now that Sandra has 

QOfKL • 

840 Fairly Secret Army. Harry 
and Nancy, to the bosom 
ot the Cobra, are 
beginning to get cold feet 
Starring Geoffrey 

940 St Elsewhere, in this 
week's episode, the staff 
tacide the problem of a 14- 
year old pregnant 
prostitute who develops 
' problems whBe in labour. 
9JK 4 Minutes: Two’s 

Company, by Graham 
Fowler. A butter enjoys an 
argument between Ms 
emplqyar and his wife. 

Wim Richard Harradine, 
Vicki Mfchelle, and 
Richard Gibson. 

1040 08. Part five of the series 
on the oa industry 
examines how the 
industry has affected 
Mexico, a Third World 
country on the brink of 
bankruptcy due to the 
creation of a debt caused 
by borrowing when the 
price of oH was at its 

On long wave, (s) Stereo on VHF 
5 l 55 SHrotog 640 News Bnefing: 
Weather. 6.10 Farming 
Week. An interview with a 
leader in the agncultura 
industry followed by a flve- 

6 JS Prayer far the Day (a) 
640 Today, ind 640. 740, 

840 News. 845 
Business News. 645, 745 
Weather. 740. 840 
News. 745. 845 Sport 7.45 
Thought for the Day. 

845 The Week on 4. 

Programme previews, 
presented by Harriet Cass. 
843 Ian Skidmore m the BBC 
Sound Archives. 847 
Weather; Travel 
940 News 

945 Start the Weak with 
Richard Baker (s) 

1040 News; Money Box (new 
series) Advice and the 
latest update on financial 
matters. With Louise 

1040 Momtog Story; Bleeding 
Hearts. oy Raraa Khan. 

Read by SMraen Shah. 

1045 Da«y Service (New Every 
Morning, page 1 7) (s). 

1140 News; Travel: Down 
Your Way. Bran 
Johnston visits Patarsfwkl in 
Hampshire (r) 

1148 Poetry Please! Listeners’ 

toe Royal Academy (r) 

540 PM. News magazine. 

5J>0 Shipping 5wS5 

640 News; Financial Report 
640 After Henry. Comedy 
senes starring Pfenete 
Scales as the widow Ms) 
740 News 
7.05 The Archers 
740 On Your Farm 
745 Sconce Now. Peter 
Evans reviews 
discoveries and 
oeveta p me ms from the 
world's leading labo ra tories. 
8.15 The Monday Ray: 
Expeditions, by Lee 
GaDaher. With Sarah Bedel 
and Robert Stephens 
The setting: Dublin. The mam 
characters: two lonely 
people - one of them dying. 

j Kavanabh. Read by 
Rosafind shanks and 
Denys Hawthorne. 

1240 News: You and Yours. 
Consumer Affairs. WUi 
John Howard. 

1247 Top of the Form. 

Nationwide general 
knowledge for schools. First 
round (4) Home Conies 
(Lady Eleanor Holies School. 
Hampton vLyofe® 

Franrais, London) 1245 

140 The World AtOne: News 

140 The Archers. 145 

Includes Nigel Anthony 
reacting from Under the Rad 

340 News; The Afternoon 
Play: Regency Buck, by 
Georgette Heyer. Cast 
includes Elizabeth Proud. 
Simon Shepherd and Gary 

440 Katenjascope. A second 
chance to hear last 
Friday's et£tion.lnclutting 
c om ment on the FTV 
dramatization of John 
Mortimer's Paradise 
Postponed, »id the New 
Architecture exhibition at 

345 Kaleido sc ope, includes 
comment on Albarto 
Moravia's The Voyeur, end a 
feature about the ittban 
fbn director Bertolucci 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: 

Hangover Square, by 
Patrick Hamilton. Read by 
Nick Doming (1). 1049 

1040 The world Tonight 

11.15 TheFirancaJmxief 

1140 Today m Parliament 

11.45 Music at Night Two 

Chopin Nocturnes played 
by Kathryn Stott (si 

1240 News; W eather. 1243 

VHF in England and 

S wales ortiy) as above 
except m 00 n 
Weather; Travel 1 140- 
1240 For Schools 145- 
3u00pm For Schools 
540-545 PM (continued) 
1240-1.10 Schools 
night-time broadcasting; 
Deutsch fur die 

( Radio 3 ) 

645 Weather. 740 News 

7.05 Morning Concert 
Strauss (The Blue 
Danube waltz). Schubert 
(Sonatina in G minor, D 
408: Goldberg/ bjpu).Rotow 
(Achl sofranvn, Martha: 
with Jerusalem, tenor), 

Hindemith (Symphonic 
metamorphosis of themes by 
Carl Mara von Wabei). 

840 News 

845 Concert 

(corraj?u«ftGersbwjf> (An 
American to Paris: the two 
- Labeques, piano). Baiter 
raummar Musk). Coptand 
(Four dance episodes. 
Rodeo): 940 News 

12.15. Dvorak (Qtwns to A 
flaL Op 105). 140 News 

LOS BBC acottoh SO (under 
George Hurst). 

Mendfesohn (The Hebrides 
overture), B eethoven 
(Symphony No 61 

240 Muse Weekly, with 

McfUMiOfiwr. todudes 
a conver sa tion with Klaus 
TemnadL and John 
Oeathridga on Franz Schmidt 
and toe Apocalypse (0 

246 New Records: metodes 
works by Ocwtend 
(Lachnmae antique*, and 
novae). Taverner (Sanctis 
and Benetectus. Missa 
Gloria TibiTnflnas). Ladair 
(Voter Sonata m C rrvnor. 

& 5 No 5. La Tomtoeau), 
raraement de St Pterra), 
Vivaldi (Concerto in C. 

RV 558). Rossn (Kyna tram 
Petite masse soionnsee). 
Mozart (Piano Concerto No 
18, with Malcolm Bdson. 
forttsawiosotoatl, Haydn 
^S ymphony No 55). 44a 

540 Manly for Pleasure; 
recorded muse 
selection, presented by Brian 

640 VOce and orgamMchaei 
Gotdthorpe (tenor). 

Maran Pany (organ), flegar 
worts mewing 
Zwwg wsticn e Gasanoe. Op 
19 and totermezzo m G 
mmor. Op B0 No 6 . and 
works by Vwme (Las 
Angalus. Op 557} and 
Stanford (md 

Occasional. oOp 182 No 2) 

7.10 Lutyens mthe War Nbke 
Suer's selection from 
the a a obiographical wnttngs 
of Etoabem Lutyens. 

Reader Ebzabetn Spriggs 

740 Hans Kafler memorial 
concert part one. 

Beethoven VWto Sonata m C 
mmor. Op 30 No 2, and 
Franz Schmidt (Venations . 
finale of Qurt e-m A). 
MtstiyMcFartane String 
Quartet, Alegri Stnng 
Quartet kla Ha®ndeT(tflotei). 
Craig Sheppard (piano). 

Thea King (danriefl. Peter 
WaHsch (piano). Susan 
Bradshaw (piano), JanriNar 
Smith (soprano) 

8.15 Starlft Corridors: Alan 
Bokfs compilation of 
poems about space and 
travaL Read by Nigel 
Graham. Richard Derrtoton 
and Patricia Gattmore 

845 Keler concert (Mrttwo): 
Haydn Sbing Quartet to 
D minor, Qp 4a, Mozart 

tm piano pieces,! 

19). Menda tea o hn (Naua 
sctirtNtX; Beider Wiege) 
940 in Our Society: ttfk by 
Tom Lubbocx. (3) An 
Idee finds its Tm 
1040 Jazz Today: Chariw Fox 
presents the Many 
Beckatt Sextet 
1140 American music BBC 
Northern Stogars. with 
Martin Rosass (piano). 
Copland (Four Motets: 
Venations ter piano), 
Duckworth (Southern 
harmony, Book 3), Randaa 
Thompson (Swuencs of 
foe transcripts from 
Americana) 1147 News. 
1240 Closedown. 

( Radio 2 ) 

MF (medium wave). Stereo on 
VHF (see Racuo t) 

News on the hour. Headtinea 
540am. 640. 740. 840. Sports 
Desks 145pm, 242, 342, 442, 
545, 6424.45 (mf only), 946 plus 
Horse of toa Year Show at 

440am Cheries Nowe 540 Ray 
Moore 740 Derek Jameson 940 
Ken Bruce 1140 Jenmy Young 
1JS pm Davxf Jacobs 240 Gtorta 
Hunniford 340 David HamBton 
545 John Dunn 740 Aten DM 140 

Band) 940 Humphrey Lytt&ton wfoi 

Jazz on record 946 Sports 

Desk 1040 Acker 's Away. Acker 
B* and his Paramount Jazz 

Band 1040 Star Sound. Encore 
Juba Andrew* -A Star Sotmd 
SpedaL John Benson charts me 
career of the smgtog star 1140 
Brian M atth ew presents Round 
Midnight 1.00am Richard Clegg 
presents Ibghtnda 3.00-440 A 
Lmle Night Muse. 

C Radio 1 ) 

MF (medium wave). Stereo on 
VHF (see bekw) 

News on tne haK-hour from 
640am until 840pm then 1040 end 
1240 midnight. 

5.30am Adrwi John 740 Mike 
Smith's Breakfast Show 840 
Simon Batts 1240pm 
Newsbeat (Frank Partridge) 1245 
Gan Davies 340 Steve Wripm 
540 Newsbeat (Frank Partridge) 
545 Brxmo Brookes 740 Tom 
RoOkwonlO.00-1240 John PeeL 
440am As Rad« 2. 1040pm As 
Radio 1. 12404.00am As 
Radio 2. 


«40 Mewectert 7.00 New* 74t Twwnjy- 
Four Hears 7 JO Smn eno Convany tin 
NeiM SJM RffitcKm B. 1 S Fqi Wnom IM 
CM Tote 8J0 Anytim Goa (MW New 
see bmm oi me Bnun nan LU 
Good Books LX Fnancml Nm MB 
Look Ahead MS PntjM' Choca 1040 
Newt tom Taking the Waters 10 JO 
Unsong Haroas 1140 Naw» iijw Nawa 
About fintam 11.15 Tranmg lor Tomomw* 
1200 Redo Nawwaal 1215 Quote. 
Unauote 1245 Spons Roundup 140 
Maws 1 JW Twenty-Four Hours 140 The 
Savoy Operas 2M> Outlook 245 Law 
VVoMgon Dm 200 Radio Nawstwti 815 
Tekau ttw titean 245 Where New 400 
ttewsVoO Comment a ry 4.15 John BtfTS 
Other Islands 4J0 Erwten Mteahns 445 
The World Today 540 Naws 540 Book 
Choice 040 News LM TwentwFDur 
Hours SJO Sports memationW 200 
News 201 Network UK 215 EnOtm 
MKUaturas 230 CounwaoM KkDO News 

1200 The World 
Cnoce KL30 Financial 
fiectsms 1045 Sports 
News 1145 Common 

1 1200 News 
KLZ5 Book 
1240 Re- 
f John 

DOTH WALES: SJfipm-&00 
HSJsJL Wales Today 1L35-740 Homo 
Brew 12.ippm-1215 News and 
weather. S&JTLANO: S^pm-740 Re- 


Onett-lOaia-tLIS News end wrather. 
ENGLAND; 6JKpm-7 40 Regional 

1240 Night 

1040 Ne w arog h t introduced 
from Bournemouth fer 
Peter Snow. 1145 

1140 TW^oumaLThafiratofa 
new series of the French 
news programme. Ends at 
12 . 10 . 

Fwm: Novem b er Moon 
(1984) starring Gabriele 
Osburg and Danielle 
Delorme as lesbian lovers 
who are separated when 
Germany invades France. 

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Partisanship for 
Lyle forces a 
Norman boycott 

Greg Norman administered . 
a worrying body blow to the 
sponsors by insisting that he 
wt'H not defend his title after 
overcoming Sandy Lyle 2 and 
1 in the final of the Suntory 
world match-play champion- 
ship at Wentworth yesterday. 

The powerful Australian, 
who has amassed a fortune on 
the fairways this year with 
more than SI million in prize 
winnings alone, claimed that 
he was tortured and tor- 
mented throughout the final 
by inconsiderate spectators. 

Norman's self-imposed sus- 
pension will not extend to 
other events in Britain. "I will 
come back to defend the Open 
next year and, hopefully, for 
other tournaments," he said. 
“But I think that this is going 
to be my last world maich- 
play championship." 

Tony Gray, a leading 
administrator with the PGA 
European Tour, refereed the 
final and he later reported that 
onlv one per cent of the crowd 
of 1895 could be faulted. 

Norman, however, asserted 
that "90 per cent of the crowd 
was bad and 10 per cent was 
good from my point of view." 
That is a personal view from a 
go! fer who was dearly agitated 
in the heat of an intense 
confrontation by the kind of 
disturbances which can lead to 
a disruptive loss in concen- 

There was. of course, enor- 
mous partisan support for 
Lyle, who lives on the Went- 
worth estate, as there was for 
the European team who won 
the Ryder Cup last year when 
the United States suffered 
their first defeat since 1957. 

Ken Schofield, the exec- 
utive director of the PGA 
European Tour, said: “I would 
like to know the full facts 
about the disturbances before 

By Mitchell Platts 

assessing the problem if. in 
fact, there is one. It is ex- 
tremely difficult to pinpoint 
troublemakers among the 
huge crowds the champion- 
ship has enjoyed this week." 

Norman's unprovoked out- 
burst could be seen as an 
attempt by the player to 
suffocate the problem before it 
extends to other fairways. 

He said: “The sport must 
return to where it should be: 

RESULTS: Samt-faata: A Lyte (081 far R 
‘ " *" «(Au3) 

Dams lAus) 2 and 1: G Norman (Aus) fat J 
Nickteus (US). 1 hole. Tttrd-placa pttry- 
oH: J NIcMaus (US) fat R Davis (Aust. 2 and 
1 . Hnafc G Norman (Aus) M A Lyle (GB). 2 
and 1 . 

Lyle v Norman 

Momm a 


4 3 6 4* 4 4 5 4 5*39 
3 4 4* 3*3 4 4 4* 5*34*73 

2*5 4* 344 4 4 
3* 4* 4 2* 5 S 5 5 


.36 =70 

4*** 3 4 4* 3 3*4 4 S — 34 
3 4 4* 433*3*0 

3* 35 4* 3 43*54-34 
3 4 4* 4 3 4 4 W 

with every spectator appre- 
ciating the game and giving 
both players in a match a fair 
deal. 1 could swallow the pill, 
but I feel better for saying 

Norman's anger could be 
seen dearly on a number of 
occasions as he glared at 
sections of the crowd. He had 
no reason to feel aggrieved 
with his own game whereas 
Lyle was under the severest of 
pressure throughout as he 
unsuccessfully struggled to 
string his act together. 

Norman pointed out that at 
the Dunhill Cup at St An- 
drews last week there , was a 
minor disturbance on the 
second hole, but that Sam 
Torrance, then his opponent, 
told the crowd to “tack off". 
Norman said: “That was the 

right thing to do. Sandy never 
said a word today." 

The problem for Lyle was 
that he had more than enough 
on his own mind as his indif- 
ferent early play enabled Nor- 
man. the No 1 player in the 
world, to build a substantial 
lead of six holes after playing 
through the 14th- Lyle said: “I 
think what occurred out there 
was bound to happen. I'm the 
local boy. I was behind all the 
way and the crowd was trying 
to lift me back into the match. 
Anyway. 1 thought they were 
pretty reasonable." 

Lyle won three holes in 
succession from the 15ih in 
the morning to reduce his 
deficit to three, but he suffered 
two crucial setbacks on either 
side of the lunch interval. He 
missed a putt of 4ft fora win at 
the 1 8th and. at the first after 
the break. Norman chipped in 
from out of a bunker to move 
four up again. 

Lyle and Norman ex- 
changed a succession of holes 
after that and the Australian 
was still three up with four 
holes to play. Lyle, to his 
credit, holed from 5ft to win 
the 1 5th and then from 1 2ft to 
take the next. However, he 
pulled his drive at the long 
17th out of bounds and was 
compelled to concede both the 
hole and the match. 

Card of coarse 

West course, Wentworth 





























































Out 3,361 35 In 3.584 37 

Wentworth woe: Norman grimly ignores rowdy spectators to 
Total yardage: 6,945 Pan 72 win the match-play final 2 and 1. (Photograph: lan Stewart) 

Mishaps give Britons an early fright 

From Barry Pickthail 

In one of the closest matches 
of the day, Harold Cad more 
and his crew sailing Britain's 
12-metre White Crusader, 
chalked np their first win on 
the. opening day of die 
America's Cop trials off Fre- 
mantle yesterday, beating 
Tom Blackaller's radical twin- 
ruddered boat USA, by only 
11 seconds. 

It was a dose shave with the 
lead changing six times daring 
the 245-mile Olympic course, 
leaving the British to ponder 
about their lack of speed 
downwind and serious short- 
comings hi their maintenance 
programme which allowed a 
mast halyard lock to break 
and the rodder to seize mo- 
mentarily, which led to the 
failure of one winch and 
sailing instruments. 

“We got the feeling we had 
the gremlins aboard today," 
Cudmore said ruefully. With 

Chris Law at the helm, the 
British boat made the most of 
a good start despite being 
forced to gybe around sud- 
denly during the pre-start 
prefiminaries when their new 
rodder suddenly went stiff. 

After forcing Blackaller to 
tack away daring the closing 
seconds, they hit the port end 
of the line at fall speed and 
had gained a five-boat length 
advantage by the time USA 
had cleared the line five 
seconds later and built np 
momentum. Half-way up this 
first windward leg however. 
Crusader's masthead halyard 
lock failed and her mainsail 
came sliding down to give the 
American's, who were by this 
time in a seemingly hopeless 
situation some 10 lengths 
adrift, a heaven sent chance to 
redeem themselves. 

The British lost four min- 
utes recovering their compo- 
sure and rounded the weather 
mark 13 seconds behind the 
USA crew, who maintained 

RESULTS: Hast 1: Eagle US60 (Newport 
Harkov YO> 3 far 26un I5*c. fat Chml- 
(nqgr Fraaee F8 (Socirte IHutipa Do 

21m. Hob! i Sian „ 

(Saa Diem YCL 3- 77.33. bt I tafia 17 (VC 
ItaKana). 33&Z2. Wferinq margin: 5.49. 
Heat 1 Now Zealand X27 (Royal No- 
Zealand Yarttf Sqttadrao). 3=20.20. fat 
Heart of America US5I (Orioso YQ. 
3:26.49. Wi n nin g mm gto: 6J9. Heat 4; 
French fans F7 (S*dm fa Regales 
Racfadaises). 3c2fc3S bt Azam 116 (YC 
Costa SmeraUa). 3c29A7. W a rning mar- 
' 3M. Heat & White Crwader *24 



Thames YCl.334S8.hf USA US61 



Heat 6: America II US46 (New York 
YO. 339-43. bt Canada II KC2 (Royal 
Ne»a Scotia Yacht Sqaadien), 3J049. 
Winning margin: 12)6. 

TODAY'S MATCHES: Italia v New Zea- 
land: Cwi pim IV » USA; Freacfa Km * 
Eagle Canada If » White Crasader. Stars 
and Snipes * Acma; Heart of America t 
C hallenge France. 

their advantage on the follow- 
ing spinnaker ran down to the 
leeward mark. Thankfully, the 
Howlett designed Crosader 
came back into her own on the 
following beat with another 
powerful performance upwind, 
to tarn the deficit into a 30- 
second advantage by the mark. 

But any satisfaction they 

gained proved short-lived for 
the Gary Moll American de- 
sign picked np her skirts on 
the next reach to round the 
wind mark with a six-second 
advantage, increasing this to 
10 at the leeward mark. 

By now the shifting 18-knot 
westerly breeze had dropped to 
14 or less but Crusader, 
maintaining her windward 
speed advantage, overtook and 
polled out a 42-second lead on 
the subsequent third leg to 
windward only to stumble 
again on the following run. 

Thankful!} for the British, 
Blackaller broke the cardinal 
rale of tacking before his crew 
were ready after rounding this 
final mark and in the ensuing 
muddle. Crusader slipped 
ahead and then matched the 
American crew tack for tack, 
despite the failure of a runner 
winch, in a closely-fought duel 
to the finish, finally crossing 
the line with a boat length to 

In the five other heats 

yesterday, Dennis Conner's 
Stars and Stripes '87 sawed a 
convincing Sfiun 49sec win 
over Italia, a time beaten only 
by the 6mia T9sec drubbing 
meted oat to Buddy Melges's 
Chicago challenger. Heart of 
America, by Chris Dickson, 
aged 24, and his crew on New 
Zealand IV.. 

French Kiss, skippered by 
Marc Pajot, also gained the 
measure of the second Italian 
entry, Azznrra IV, at an early 
stage in their race to go on and 
win by more than three 
minirtes-The quietly-fended 
Canada II might also have 
joined the winning ranks with 
a sensational victory over the 
New York Yacht Clnb's Amer- 
ica 0, but their mainsail 
snagged on n strand of rigging 
resulting in a 10ft rip across 
the Kevlar leech half-way 
through their match when the 
Canadian boat held a one- 
minute advantage. This al- 
lowed the Americans to dip 
ahead and win 


South Africa set to escape 
punishment for rebel tour 

By Paul Martin 

South Africa is to escape 
without any punishment for 
the role it played in organizing 
the rebel New Zealand rugby 
tour there earlier this year. 
The Times has discovered. 
And it has also emerged that 
the key figure behind the (our. 
Louis Luyt, Transvaal’s chair- 
man, met representatives 
from all four home unions in 
secret discussions over the last 

The. South Africans spurned 
an official “request" by the 
International Rugby Board in 
April that the tour be brought 
to a “speedy end". But two 
confidential reports to be 
submitted to the Board’s spe- 
cial meeting later this week 
will concede that the IRB has 
no power to expel, suspend or 
discipline the South Africans 
— and will rule out retroactive 

“It goes against the grain. 
bat there it is." Bill Connon. 
Scotland's representative, 
said. “Though we see South 
Africa as the initiator of the 
tour, rather than New Zea- 
land. South Africa is not in the 

The emergency committee 
is to urge that South Africa 
give assurances that it will not 
again be involved in un- 
authorized touxs.But no such 
assurance was given by Mr 
Luyt at meetings wiih Mr 
Connon, Jobn Kendall 
Carpenter. England's repre- 
sentative. Keith Rowlands ol 
Wales, the policy committee 
chairman, and Harry 
McKibbem. of Ireland, chair- 
man of the emergency 
com mi nee. 

By all accounts Mr Luyt. 
flanked by two South African 
rugbv board executive mem- 
bers, was far from contrite 

about the rebellion. He urged 
that ‘bygones be bygones and 
indicated that South Africa 
would refrain from further 
tours on condition that the 
IRB “help South Africa with 
its problems." 

Aggrieved by 

Since the “problem" is the 
absence of officially sanc- 
tioned international tours, the 
Board members, understood a 
veiled threat to resume rebel 
visits unless official lours, or 
at least substantial composite 
international touring sides, 
were agreed to. 

"We got no assurance he 
would not repeat the dose." 
one of those present told The 
Times. “He was like a spoilt 
boy: I wanL so I must have.” 
The source conceded that 
South Africa had some reason, 
though, to feel aggrieved by its 
increasing rugby isolation. 

The South Africans' fears 
were further aroused in July 
when ihe four home unions 
rejected a telexed request to 
provide players for a five 
nations tour to South Africa in 
August. Mr Connon said the 
request had been turned down 
not on principle but mainly 
bccausc many players and 
administrators were on holi- 
day and arrangements at short 
notice were impractical. 

The policy' committee has 
drawn up a new rule that gives 
the Board powers to expel 
errant member countries. The 
rule will contain an appeals 
procedure — so overcoming 
South Africa's heated 
objection to a similar regula- 

tion proposed at last April's 
Board meeting. 

IRB members say they will 
"fight like hell” to’ have the 
motion passed, aware that it 
must close the loophole before 
further unauthorized tours are 
arranged. The most likely 
successor to the New Zealand 
Cavaliers would be an Austra- 
lian squad. Representatives 
from all four home unions 
told The Times they will vote 
for the new rule, and expect 
New Zealand to do the same. 
They then require the support 
either of France or Australia 
to ensure a threequaners 

“Only those who think of 
themselves as bad guys, or 
have a guilt complex, can 
object to the new rule." Row- 
lands said. 

The Board meeting will 
focus on far-reaching propos- 
als to alter the amateur regula- 
tions — and the need for 
disciplinary powers is seen by 
Mr Connon as essential to 
ensure the member nations 
rigorously enforce the new 
amateur code. “If the Board 
does not get leeth. you can 
forget about altering the 
present amateur regulations." 

South Africa, though iL will 
not be punished, is still to be 
called on to explain its non- 
adherence to the IRffs re- 
quest. Though denying it had 
Specifically given permission 
for Transvaal to plan the tour, 
the South African Rugby 

Board gave full Test-match 
status to iL and selected six 

“South Africa's response — 
duly minuted — should give us 
assurances about avoiding 
such events in the future." Mr 
Kendall Carpenter said. 

Mare rugby, pages 29 and 32 


Foulds takes his first 
title against the odds 

By a Special Correspondent 

Neal Foulds. aged 23. cap- 
tured his first major pro- 
fessional tide with a 12-9 
victory o'er the Canadian 
Giff Thorbum in the BCE 
£ 1 75.000 international final at 
Stoke yesterday to confirm his 
status as snooker's brightest 
young hope. 

Foulds produced a perfor- 
mance of raw courage and 
determination against a player 
recognized as the toughest 
opponent in the game. 

Typically. Thorbum re- 
fused to surrender his title 
easily and although he was 
playing below the standard 
that has made him the most 
consistent performer in the 
sport, some blame must be 
attached to his cue tip which 
he had to change after the 

third frame of the day as 'he 
trailed 9-8. 

Foulds won the first two 
frames of the day. aided by a 
superb 6-0 clearance to pink to 
lead 9-7 and although 
Thorbum pulled back to 9-8 
Foulds spuried ahead once 
more to 1 1-8. 

Thorbum made breaks of 
37 and 56 to clinch the 20th 
frame and it looked as if he 
could pull off another of his 
famous recovery acts. But at 
49-51 down in the final frame 
he missed a crucial yellow to 
give Foulds table space, and 
although he missed the green 
so too did Thorbum and that 
left the youngster in for a 
second chance which he grate- 
fully took to earn a £35.000 
winner's cheque. 


Boy’s Own 

Wilfred Ttmms. who died 
last week two days after his 
S4ih birthday, made an entry 
into first-class cricket for 
Northampton in 1921 which 
was straight out of schoolboy 
fiction (Da'id Miller writes). 
Essex had made 604 for 7 and 
Northanis. with 223. followed 
on. Timms, aged 1 8 and still at 
school, made !54 not out in 
six hours out of 445 for 5 to 
save the match, and was 
carried shoulder-high from the 
field by schoolboy colleagues. 

In 1926 against Warwick- 
shire. he made 128 in a 
seventh-" jckcl partnership of 
229 with .Sammy Walden 
which still stands, and in the 
next match. 1 1 2 against 
Leicestershire. Timms, who 
missed a blue ai Cambridge. 

taught French and Spanish at 
Oundle School, and when he 
moved to Charterhouse, he 
was instrumental in obtaining 
George Geary as coach in 
preference to Frank 
Woolley. They, notably, 
helped formulate the tech- 
nique of a young batsman 
called May. 

Title for Jones 

Johnathon Jones, of Wales, 
is the new world Formula II 
powerboat champion. He and 
his co-driver Buck Thornton, 
of the United States, won the 
Paris six-hour race yesterday 
to secure the title with one 
championship race still to be 

nin. in Singapore next month. 
Thornton finished a 

He and 
remarkable 15 laps ahead of| 
the British couple. Tony Wil- 
liams and Robin StoddarL 

RESULTS: 1. J Jonas ( 08 ) and B 
Thornton (U$l. Usance covered 803km. 

av 5 Deed ISftoh. 2. A WWtams end R 
Gl 728 128. 3. U BJerknw 

Sioddan (Gl _ . 

(Non and C Busn tUS). 723. 121 

Dancing Brave 
proves himself 
true champion 

From Michael Seely, Pauls 

Dancing Brave proved him- 
self to be the best middle- 
distance performer since Mill 
Reef when sweeping to a 
devastating victory over Be- 
ring and Triptych in the Prix 
dc FArc de Triomphe at 
Longehamp yesterday. 

It was one of the magic 
moments in racing history and 
the tens of thousands throng- 
ing the Paris track 
acknowledged with their thun- 
derous applause that we had 
seen true champion. 

“When I asked, him to 
quicken, he just sprinted past 
them." said Pat Eddery after 
he had joined Lester Ptggotl 
and Charlie Elliott as the only 
three overseas jockeys to have 
won three Arcs. 

Eddery said: “It was elec- 
trifying. And judged by the 

Big race result 

Going: ! 

L’AAC 06 TRfOMPHE (Gnx*> t 
E367385: 1m 4f) 

DANCING BRAVE b c by LypbVd - 
Nav ajo Prin cess (K Abdula) 3-6-1 1.^ 

Triptych came home strongly 
to take third place, .half a 
length away, with SItahrastam. 
Shardari and Darara finished 
fourth, fifth and sixth, respec- 

No words of praise can be 
too high for Guy Harwood’s 
brilliant training of Dancing 
Brave nor for Eddery’s ice- 
cod and patient handling of 
the Lyphard col L- whose eight 
victories from nine starts have 
included the 2,000 Guineas, 
die Eclipse Stakes and King 
George VI and Queen Eliza- 
beth Diamond Stakes. 

These wins have now netted 
£768.000 for Dancing Brave's 
owner. Khaled Abdulla, who 
was also awarded Europe's 
toughest Flat race last season 
when Sagace was disqualified 
in favour of Rainbow Quest 

“The idea was for Pat to 
drop Dancing Brave out and 
to get him to relax." said the 
Sussex trainer. “But I must 

say my heart was in my mouth 
when they were so far * 


entering the borne straight 
track. He 

D urin g Bh c by Arctic Tom - Beaune 
1)3-8-11 GW Moors 


b t by Kvemm - Trtfeon (A 
4-0-1 ACorcteo 

ALSO RAN: Shahraatani (4th). Shardari 
(5th). Darara (BtM. Acatenango (7th). 
iteAey (8th). Saint Esephe (9th).OWstan 
110th). lattes (110f). date Turk 
Nsmain (13th). Sirius SqrmboE . 
Mans Fumata. iSran. iftL »H,shhd.i . 
1 W. a nk. 1 W. W. nk. IL a. 1 XL 2L 1 Vtt 

's been a Christian to 
handle and the easiest horse 
I've ever bad to train. The 
only worrying moment we had 
was when he got that slight 
knock before the Derby." 

Harwood then paid tribute 
to Geoff Lawson, his brother 
law. GreviUe Starkey, 


G Harwood at Puborough. Pari-Mutuel to 
ate: WfciilO. 

a ona franc state; Win £m Peaces: 1 JO. 
1.50. 6.00. DF-. 450. 2n*l 27.7MC. 
(Course record). 

way Dancing Brave went past 
them in the straight, be must 
be the best horse I have ever 
ridden. He’s a Rolls-Royce." 

Such compliments coming 
from (he rider of such 
outstanding race horses as 
Grundy. Golden Fleece. El 
Gran Senor and Pebbles are 
well deserved. 

Criquette Head, the trainer 
of Bering, acknowledged this 
when she said: "It was no 
disgrace to be beaten by such a 
fantastic horse. 1 have no 

Dancing Brave's time of 
2min 27.7sec was a new record 
for the race. OJsec faster than 
that established by Detroit in 

The moment of truth came 
two furlongs from home as 
Greville Starkey sent Shardari 
into the . lead, when 
Shahrasiani and Darara also 
launching their attack. But no 
sooner had Shahrastani. the 
winner of the English and 
Irish Derby, snatched a brief 
advantage that Gary Moore 

pounced on Bering. 

A Derby winner s 

The French 
burst of speed proved unavail- 
ing as Eddery and Dancing 
Brave stormed home to win 
by one and a half lengths. 

Tommy Townsend, his head 
lad, and all the staff at 
Pulborough. “I can't thank foe 
team enough for all then- 
efforts. After all I’ve been 
away so much at .the sales." 

Dancing Brave will now go 
to Santa Anita for foe 
Breeders' Cup. 

As foe first colt from foe 
male line of that fabulous 
stallion Northern Dancer to 
have triumphed in foe Arc, 
Dancing Brave must now 
seem cheap at foe £14m for 
wfaich-he has been syndicated. 

Bought for $200,000 as a 
yearling in Kentucky on the 
advice of James Ddahooke. 
Dancing Brave is to stand at 
Dal ham Hall Stud. New- 
market when his racing career 
is finished. . . 

Mr Abdulla, a member of 
the ruling family of Saudi 
Arabia and Britain’s leading 
owner this season, has now 
had three outstanding horses 
in Rousillon. Rainbow Quest 
and Dancing Brave in the past 
three seasons. 

Eddery's afternoon glory 
had started earlier when the 
champion jockey elect had 
ridden Double Schwartz to a 
pillar to post victory in foe 
Prix de I’Abtaye. giving Rob- 
ert Sangster his third consec- 
utive win in foe group one 

More racing, page 30 


Robson is 
to call up Webb 


By Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent 
Neil Webb. Nottingham . Wright who broke a leg at 

Forest's exciting young mid- 
field player, is expected to be 
promoted to foe senior En- 
gland squad today. He is likely 
to be one of the 22 players that 
Bobby Robson will announce 
for foe opening European 
championship tie against 
Northern Ireland at Wembley 
on Wednesday week. 

Webb, a former youth and 
under-2 1 international, 
started his career at Reading 
and rose to prominence at 
Portsmouth. This season, with 
Brian Gough’s youthful side 
that currently leads the first 
division, he has been the 
outstanding figure, and also 
their leading scorer with 10 

Robson has bemoaned the 
shortage of Englishmen who 
can fill the role on the left side 
of midfield. Webb has 
emerged as the most promis- 
ing challenger to Hodge, of 
.Aston Villa, who played there 
during foe World Cup finals 
but was one of many dis- 
appointing individuals in foe 
recent defeat in Sweden. 

The other weakness in 
Robson's design is at centre- 
half. more so now than ever 
before. Because of injuries. 
England's manager is left with 
only Butcher and Watson as 
recognised .representatives 
and he will probably recall 
Mabbutt. Tottenham 
Hotspur's versatile defender, 
and perhaps the uncapped 
Mounifield.-. who recently re- 
turned to Everton's rearguard. 

the end of last season, has 
been restored to 
Southampton's tack four but 
he is thought to be still too 
rusty. Doit Howe, the England 
coach, watched him on Sat- 
urday and considered him to 
be understandably tentative: 
Walker and Adams, the young 

pretenders, are not yet ready 
for promotii 


Robson himself witnessed 
Webb's performance at foe 
City Ground- and was en- 
couraged by the display of his 

captain and namesake. Bryan, 
nd half. 

particularly in foe second 
“With two games to go before 
we take on Northern Ireland. 
Robson should be back at his 
best" England's manager said 


He will choose three goal- 
keepers in his party. Shilton 
and Woods are likely to be 
joined by Seaman, who was 
taken to Stockholm last 
month as a belated substitute. 
He will otherwise select his 
most experienced candidates, 
including Hateley and Wil- 
kins. who emerged unscathed 
from yesterday's outings in 

Lineker and Beardsley, both 
of whom were unavailable for 
the friendly match against foe 
Swedes, will be brought back. 
The other forwards on the list 
will indude Conee. who won 
his first cap in Stockholm. 
Barnes and Waddle. There 
may be no room for Dixon. ‘ 

More football, page 31 

Aberdeen losing touch 

By Hugh Taylor 

Two goals scored by Ian 
Ferguson gave Dundee United 
victory over Falkirk to keep 
them in the lead of the 
Premier Division. The for- 
ward. transferred to United 
from Rangers for a fee of 
£145.000. has now scored 11 
goals in his nine f^mes for his 

new club. 

United remain a point 
ahead of Celtic who are -in 
second place, but who had to 
work hard to earn both points 
at Paisley. In the end. they 
beat St Mirren 2-0 

Aberdeen continued to dis- 
appoint They dropped a point 
at home to Motherwell- They 
have taken only four points 
from their -last five matches 
and are losing touch with the 

At. last. Hibernian have 
turned the coiner. They re- 
turned to their best form at 
Douglas Park, where they beat 
Hamilton 4rl. 

Dundee strengthened , .forif 
chances of finding a place m 
Europe by beating Clydebank 
2-0 at Kiibowte Park. . 

The time 

vision at 


Violence the 
major task 

In my travels over the last 
week or so I have so for met 
nobody who did not share my 
view that dealing witfc violence 
was the major task for football 
— and who did not feel 
therefore that Luton's experi- 
ment should be supported. 

Last weekend I was invited 
to BBC TV's ‘Saturday 
Superstore' for a discussion 
and phone-in on Luton; in one 
of the busiest phone calls that 
programme has conducted, 68 
pa cent of the viewing young- 
sters supported Laton and said 
they should not be banned 
from the cup. That also ap- 
pears to be foe overwhelming 
opinion of football and other 

Last season arrests and 
Sections from grounds were 
down by nearly 50 per emit. 
Bat foe problem is Ear from 
solved. This season we' have 
had nasty incidents at Brad- 
ford, Exeter, Bournemouth 
and on the North Sea, remind- 
ing as of the need for continu- 
ing vigilance and effort. 

Luton's answer is a tough 
one. It does not appeal to all 
dubs; I can understand that 
Luton may be In f rin g in g some 
concepts of freedom; I 
acknowledge that their solu- 
tion would not readDy work at 
some big dubs, in, for exam- 
ple, London or Manchester. 

But the point is that for this 
dub. beating the thug and 
securing safety is the over- 
riding priority. I think theirs is 
an interesting, carefnlly 
planned experiment which 
could be valuable for other 
dubs and therefore it is im- 
portant that it runs Its coarse. 

.Club chairmen know that 
their game is at foe cross- 
roads. Today's decision Is one 
of those which occurs from 
time to time in any business or 
human-activity, where an issue 
transcends normal manage- 
ment or operational rules. In 
this .- issue, the pablhr are 
looting for a dear sign. from 
foe League that they have 
their priorities right and iimt 
they share our determination 
to take all possible steps to 
provid e that safety and se- 
curity without which any 
sport, or indeed any activity 
requiring public support, can- 
not continue. 

In an interview about Luton 
last week, Frank Bough 
“!■ understand all about the 
League s rales - but where's 
the nsion?^ 

It is vision and social 
respoKUl.nitY ** look for to- 
|. i *J iew partnership 

With foe Leagpe^ t*. FA £ 

a fruitful one. I hope it is that 
sense -of partnership, that 
P** Priority, th2 

by . all the. communitr- 

prevails today. • 

Page 31. 





By Richard Tracey 

Minister for Sport 

Today’ foe Football League 
chairmen meet at Villa Park 
to dedde whether Luton Town 
should be allowed to take part 
in the UttlewootTs cup com- 
petition, in view of the dub's 
introduction of a 'members 
only' scheme at home matches 
to beat crowd violence. Away 
fans are banned under Luton's 
membership card scheme. The 
Football League allowed this 
experiment for Leagne 
matches this season, tot the 
rales of their cup competition 
— and those of the FA Cop — 
decree that 25 per cent of 
match tickets must go to the 
away dob. 

The Leagne Management 
Committee have said they 
must stick by this rale, arguing 
that borne advantage is of 
particular value in ‘sodden 
death* cup matches. 

At my instigation, both 
sides got back to talking last 
week, to try to find a solution; 
in foe end, foe management 
committee derided to put the 
issue to a meeting of all the 
data today. 

The Government is in- 
terested because we believe 
that controlling and solving 
hooliganism mnstbetbe/iui/dr 
priority for football Onr con- 
cern is of course to protect die 
public; we have beta working 
in partnership with die foot- 
ball aafoorities, with commit- 
ment and some success, to 
make football grounds safe 
and secure so that the young, 
the community, foe innocent 
majority could onice again go 
back to watching matches in 


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