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No 62,584 



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Better health care, lawand ord er, in Tory policy plans 

Younger hits 
out at Labour 

over defence 

Ge «Pge Younger, confirming 
“Jf a central election issue, said 
onj j the Tories could preserve Nato 

• increased penalties for criminals and 
more support for victims of crime were 
announced by Mr Douglas Hnrd 

• The Government is to spend £15 mil- 
lion on improving protection fen* pas- 
sengers on the Underground 
i Mrs Edwina Currie laced unprece- 
dented booing at the Tory conference 
for her remarks about the Northern diet 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 
The Conservatives, main- for the victims of crime. 

Wined the momentum of then- 
con ference yesterday by ann- 
ouncing fresh initiatives on 
law and order, the health 
service and inner cities and 
responding to the Labour 
jr^rty’s challenge to malm 
defence the central issue of the 
next general election. 

On the second day of the 
Bournemouth conference 
ministers kept up a barrage of 
policy pronouncements 
attacks on Labour designed to 
set out the battle Hi»< for the 

Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary, disclosed 
plans to seize the assets of 
major criminals, to introduce 
the use of video screens to 
spare child abuse, victims the 
ordeal of court appearances 
and to improve compensation 

Mr John Moore, Secretary 
of Stale for Transport, an- 
nounced a £15 million plan to 
protect passengers on the 
London Underground against 
muggers and other violent 

Gourts win be obliged to 
make compensation orders 
and win 





Conference reports 
Geoffrey Smith 
Leading article 
Frank Johnson 


Race for 
the Games 

Next week the 
Olympic -. 
Committee meets to 
decide the venue .. 
for the 1992 games; 
What chance for 
Birmingham? David 
Miller reports . 

Plus: the Bar 
results, in full 

— ^cld— 

# The £4,000 prize in 
The Times Portfolio 
Gold competition was 
won outright yesterday 
by Ms Angela 
Falshaw, of Long 
Preston, North Yorics. 
Details, page 3. 
o There is another 
£4,000 to be won today. 
Portfolio list, page 27; 
rules and how to play, 
information service, 
page 20. 

Glass merger 

Waterford Glass, the world's 
largest and most successful 
producers of hand-craned 
crvstal. are taking over Wedg- 
wood. the fine bone china 
group, in a £252 million 
merger Pages 21, 23 

Trading cheer 

Two-thirds of people who set 
up in business under the 
Government’s Enterprise 
Allowance Scheme were still 
trading two years kflov an 
official survey showed. The 
cost of each job created was a 
modest £1.800 Page 21 

Bank stake 

Mr Robert Holmes & Court, 
the Australian entrepreneur, 
raised his stake in Standard 
Chartered Bank as pan of two 
City deals worl £fI? 
million £51? 

times sport 

Cup go-aheat! 

Luton Town will be altowed K> 
play in this season s FA cup, 
despite their ban onawayto 
which has ruled them out oi 

Cup. organized by theFbot 
ball League Page« 

: 2-6 






kl6 1 

Law Report 

Sale Room 


TV & 39 

Universities « 

Weather 20 

Wills » 

* * * * -tt * 

have the right to direct the 
proceeds from the sale of 
forfeited goods to compensa- 
tionfor their victim s. 

Mr Norman Fowler; Sec- 
retary of Slate for Social 
Services, announced a na- 
tional campaign to reduce 
hospital waiting lists and a 
£3 billion hospital banding 
programme. There will be 
additional revenue for more 

heart by-pass, hip replacement 
and eye operations for the 
elderly, better finalities for 
mentally handicapped chil- 
dren and more bone marrow 
transplant operations along 
with an intensification of the 
fight against cervical cancer. 

Mr George Younger, Sec- 
retary of State for Defence, 
delighted Cabinet colleagues 
and emerged as a new party 
favourite after a speech in 
which he said that the Conser- 
vatives were now the only 
force that stood between Brit- 
ain and the disaster of a 
nuclear war. 

Mr Neil Kirmock’s derision 
to make Labour's non-nuclear 
defence policy the centre pi ece 
of its appeal to the electorate 
has pleased the Cabinet and 
been oneof the main factors in 
the mood of unity at the 
co n fe re nce: 

Mr Younger said h was the 
Conservative destiny to en- 

Contmued on page 20, col 2 

Morale booster: Mr Norman Fowler holtfiag np the list of the Government's £3 billion 
hospital-bnilding programme before conference delegates. (Photograph: Tim Bishop) 

£15m set aside to 
tackle Tube crime 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 

The Government -yesterday 
announced a £15 million plan - 
to. improve protection for 
j»ssenggrs on tire. London 

^Station platforms, subways 
and/escalatbrihdfis are ro be 
fitted . with radfocab&jgto 
enable staff and transport 
poifee below ground to make 
contact immediately in emer- 
genries with station superin- 
tendents, police control head- 
quarters, and the fire sendee. 

Concealed parts of station 
platforms are to be dosed off; 
more dosed rircuit surveil- 
lance equipment- will be 
brought in and, m an experi- 
mental scheme; stations with 
bad records of violence are to 
get passenger 'alarm “panic 
buttons” to enable people to 
call staff if they feel in danger. 

The plan was unveiled by 
Mr Joint Moore, Secretary of 
State for Transport, at the 
Conservative Party Confer- 
ence in Bournemouth. 

Mr Moore said afterwards: 
“Fears and worry about crime 
are deteifiDg some people 
from using the Underground.” 
The money is being made 
available to London Regional 

Transport over the next three 
years for special measures. 

. The move rimes after the 
estabtisluiiert by r the Prime 
Minister - last January of'-a 
special 'wDrioa^ 

Ketrc^olitan Police and LRT, 
to inquire Info crimes on foe 
Underground. . . 

soon; re 5ie t main 
understood to be that radio 
coramtmications- offer scope 
for improvement 

Therewerel.600 crimes 
involving violence on the 
Underground' last year; the 
total of -notifiable crimes was 
15,000. Latest figures show 
that violence has been felling. 
Upto August there had been a 
163 per cent fell compared 
with the same period last year. 

LRT said yesterday: “We 
welcome the Government’s 
commitment to a safe Under- 
ground. Crime on the system 
is low in statistical terms but 
there is no doubt that it is high 
in passengers* perceptions.” 
According to LRT there is one 
violent incident for every half 
a million passenger journeys. 

Tabe violence, page 3 

Fowler to 
cut health 
waiting list 

By Richard Evans 
Political Correspondent 

A nationwide crackdown on 
lengthy hospital waiting lists 
and a £3 billion hospital 
bedding programme were un- 
veiled yesterday by Mr. Nor- 
man Fowler. Secretary of State 
for Social Services. 

He promised improved 
treatment for the elderly with 
substantially, more hip 
replacement, heart by-pass, 
and eye operations by the end 
of the decade. 

The Conservative parte 
conference in Bournemouth 
was also told there would be 
more bone marrow transplant 
operations for children; better 
facilities for mentally handi- 
capped youngsters and a step- 
ping up/ of foe fight, against 

cervical ’cancer: . 

-tom- --r-Hisjipbeat message osxoue 
Office, of foe key political issues in 
the run up to the next general 
election appeared to satisfy 
many of the doubters within 
Conservative ranks. . 

What he did not Id! con- 
ference was that (here win be 
no extra cash for his package 
of measures. ■ ' 

The misgivings within, the 
Conservative party about the 
Government's National 
Health Service record sur- 
faced repeatedly during the 
debate with complaints about 
hospital waiting lists and lade 
of cash for day-to-day running 
of hospitals. 

More than 600,000 are now 
waiting for hospital treatment 
Mr Fowler accepted too 
many people were stul waiting 
too long and said: “That is 
why I have asked every health 
authority to report to me on 
their local position: to set out 
where and why patients are 
waiting most: mid to say how 
that position can be 

Currie booed by delegates 

By Richard Evans 

Political Correspondent 

Mrs Edwina Currie, foe 
outspoken junior health min- 
ster, was booed and faced calls 
for her resignation at the 
Conservative party con- 
ference yesterday following 
her controversial remarks 
about, northerners and thtir 
eating habits. 

The humiliating rebuke, 
witnessed by the Prime Min- 
ister, was sparked off by Mrs 
Heather ScoU, chairman of 
foe Darlington constitutnency 
: who received prolonged 
applause after describing Mrs 
Currie's remarks as “thought- 
less and patronising.” 

Mrs Currie sal tight lipped 
on the conference platform 
during the verbal lashing. Bat 
several Conservative MFs, ap- 
palled by Mrs Currie's claim 
that northerners spent too 
much on alcohol andjtobacco 
and were ignorant in their 


From Paul Valldy 


Doctors who recently air- 
rically removed a baby from 
Us mother, operated on the 
foetus and. returned tt to Ure 
womb, yesterday defended 
themselves against cl 
that the practice was 

C& Tbe chfid. known as Baby 
MitchelL imderwent tiK op- 
eration with apparent success 
the University of California 
San Francisco, and was 
pom in Texas nine .weeks 

later. The boyis now o«-yMr 

old and healthy, doctors say; 

Dr Michad HMnsoiuofthe 

California Medical .School- 
performed the operation after 

_ habits, were privately 

Mrs Scott, opening foe 
health debate, told the 
conference:*! lake issue with 
the junior minister who made 
foe remarks about the diet of 
we northerners. 

■a fits** 



“I don't smoke, I don’t 
drink beer and 1 bate black 
pudding and there are a lot of 
people like me in the north.” 

The " next blow for Mrs 
Currie came as Mr Norman 
Fowler, Secretary of State for 
Social Services, began his. 
speech to conference by in- 
troducing his new ministerial 
team, when Mrs Currie's 
name. was mentioned ' there 
.were shouts of “resign” and 
some booing: - . 

Mrs Cume said laten“My 
only 'disappointment was that 
Mrs Scott did not contact me 
beforehand as a number of 
other people have done 
• It is unprecedented for a 
new minister to be booed, 
albeit by a smaD handful of 
delegates, when being in- 
troduced to conference. The 
last time a minister was jeered 
was m foe early 1980s yvfaen 
Mr. (now Lord) Whitelaw, 
then Home Secretary, came 
under fire from law-and-order 

Print union rejects 
Wapping offer 

By Tim Jones 

The main print union in- battle and they can’t imagine 

volved in the Wapping dis- 
pute yesterday rejected the 
final offer by News Inter- 
national which included com- 
pensation of £58 million. 

Mr Rupert Murdoch, chair- 
man of foe company, said 
there would be uo other offer 
to the union, which represents 
4,000 former employees of the 
company who went on strike 
eight months ago and were 

Sogat '82, foe biggest union 
involved, turned down die of- 
fer by 2372 votes to 960 with 
17 spoilt papers, a majority of 

The resuft of the ballot was 
greeted with a huge cheer by 
850 members; of foe National 
Graphical Association who 
were meeting in London to de- 
cide foeir response^icr foe 

Mr Murdoch; said: “We are 
not surprised but we are disap- 
pointed of course at tins 
result.” . 

He said foe company had 
made it dear that it h*l no 
confidence in the way Sogat 
had conducted its ballot 

Stressing that there would 
be no new negotiations, Mr 
Murdoch said foe company 
was undo* no legal, moral or 
business obligation to hold 
finher talks. 

- He saufcTbese people 
should have realized that we 
mean what we say. I am sony 
there has been this discord but 
most of them now have other 
jobs and I would advise foe 
rest to get jobs. That, alas, is 
foe end of the matter." . 

He added: “For 50 years 
they have won every single 

they should lose one or come 
to an honourable agreement." 
Mr Murdoch criticized the 
way the ballot bad been con- 
ducted at branch level and 
said there had been cases of in- 

Miss Brenda Dean, Sogai’s 
general secretary said: “This 
rejection has shown that Sogat 
is prepared to see foe dispute 
towards its first anniversary 
and then carry on, possiblly 
into a long hard winter. I am 
convinced we did foe right 

National officers of the 
NGA said they were “delight- 
ed” with the Sogat reseult 

A statement issued by News 
International last night said: 
“We are disappointed but not 
surprised by the Segal ballot. 

" “The company voiced its 
concerns on the manner in 
which it was being conducted 
on September 26 when we 
wrote to Miss Dean of Stmt 
and Mr Willis of the TUC 
saying we were freezing our 

“We called on foe TUC to 
coooduct and or monitor a 
new balloting process ensuring 
each dismissed worker re- 
ceived a ballot papa* and was 
given the opportunity to ex- 
press his or her views on the 
comp a ny’s offer, free from 
interference or undue pres- 

“Sogat and foe TUC re- 
jected our request for such a 
ballot and proceeded with a 
voting procedure m which we 
had no confidence: 

“The majority of people on 
strike already have new jobs. 

Continued on page 20, col 6 

Sliding sterling 
puts Lawson 
under pressure 

By Darid Smith, Economics Correspondent 

The Chancellor of foe Ex- 
chequer, Mr Nigel Lawson, 
feces foe toughest test of his 
political career today. In his 
speech to foe Conservative 
Party Conference this morn- 
ing, he has to restore con- 
fidence in the pound and 
convince delegates that there 
are better times ahead for the 

Yesterday, foe pound fell to 
new lows as dealers decided 
that foe Bank of England was 
hamstrung on interest rates, at 
least until foe Party Con- 
ference is over. 

The sterling index, which 
measures foe pound's average 
value against other currencies, 
fell from 68.1 to 67.1. ao all- 
time low. Since foe summer of 
last year, foe pound's average 
value has dropped by 20 per 

It fell 3.4 pfennigs to a new 
low of DM2.8382 and by 1.45 
cents to SI. 4205. 

The Chancellor, inter- 
viewed on BBC Television 
yesterday, refused to be drawn 
on what was likely to happen 
to interest rates or foe ex- 
change rate. And he main- 
tained that foe time was not 
right for entry into the Euro- 
pean Monetary System. 

Mr Lawson conceded that 
political uncertainties were 
playing a pan in the pound's 
weakness. “I think markets 
around the world are aware of 

the great damage that would 
be done to the British econ- 
omy if a Labour government 
were to be elected", he said. 

Bui currency analysis were 
blaming Mr Lawson’s own 
political sensitivities for foe 
slide. “T he pound is a one- 

Rates firm, page 21 

way sell as long as the markets 
believe that Mr Lawson can't 
raise interest rates” Mr 
Jeremy Hale of Goldman 
Sachs said. “And everything 
coming out of Bournemouth 
so far suggests we will have an 
expansionary pre-election 

The Chancellor's speech to- 
day is not expected to contain 
any new message for the 

Mr Lawson has a speech 
planned for next week at the 
Mansion House, in the City, 
and this is usually the occa- 
sion for discussing foe details 
of monetary policy. 

Interest rates edged up in 
the London money markets 
yesterday, and dealers remain 
certain that base rates will 
have to rise next week, prob- 
ably by I per cent to 1 1 per 
cent. This could force up 
mortgage rates 

Even so. it is unlikely that 
this would do more than 
steady sterling temporarily. 

Work ban 
to end 
at Lucas 

By Craig Seton 

The overtime banal Lucas, 
the car component makers, 
which led to a shutdown of 
production at State-owned 
Austin Rover, is likely to end 
today following crisis talks 
between management and 

About 6,000 workers at 
Luca& Electrical m the Mid- 
lands are to be urged to end 
their sanctions and pay talks 
are expected to resume tomor- 

However, Austin Rover, 
which laid off 12,000 workers 
on Wednesday, does not ex- 
pect to resume production 
until Monday. 

An estimated 8,000 cars will 
have been lost with a show- 
room value in excess of £30 

The management of Lucas 
Electrical told shop stewards 
yesterday that Rover had 
warned it would look else- 
where for components if Lu- 
cas could not put its house in 

Lucas management re- 
vealed that it had agreed to 
reverse foe sacking ofa worker 
at its Cannock plant which led 
to a walk-out on Wednesday 
by all 600 men there. 

Buying threat, page 2 

Pillow talk 

The girl friend of Jeremy 
Bamber sobbed in the witness 
box yesterday as she told how 
the White House Farm massa- 
cre haunted her. 

Miss Julie MugfonL aged 
22. who betrayed Mr Bamber 
to foe police four weeks after 
the killings, described the 
months of pillow talk in which 
he had allegedly outlined his 
murder plans. 

She told foe jury at Chelms- 
ford Crown Court, where Mr 
Bamber denies five murders at 
his parents' Essex farmhouse 
last year, that he decided to go 
ahead with them after testing 
his willpower by strangling 
farmyard rats with his bare 

Then Miss Mugford, a 
teacher from Colchester, 
spoke of foe designer suit 
which Mr Bamber bought for 
nearly £200 for his parents' 
funeral and described how 
they got drunk on champagne 
and cocktails the night after 
foe funeral. 

She said that Mr Bamber, 
who stood to inherit £436,000 
from foe deaths of his adop- 
tive parents and half-sister, 
became the devil incarnate to 
her even though she continued 
to love him after foe killings. 

Trial report, page 3 

Kalb goes 
in US row 
with Libya 

From Mohsin Ali 

Mr Bernard Kalb an- 
nounced yesterday foal he had 

resigned as chief spokesman of 
the Stale Department, follow- 
ing the controversy surround- 
ing the Administralon’s rep- 
orted disinformation 
programme directed at Libya. 

Mr Kalb, a wen-known 
former television journalist, 
has been chief spokesman and’ 
Assistant Secretary of State for. 
Public Affairs for the past two 

Speaking to reporters at the 
State Deportment, he empha- 
sized that he had no quarrel 
with Mr George Shultz, foe 
Secretary of State, whom he 
described as a “man of integ- 
rity and oHfibOity.*' Mr Kalb 
said he did not want his own 
credibility to be caught up or 
subsumed in the controversy. 

The Administration Iras 
said it has not tried to mislead 
the United States news media 

is banned 

The Government yesterday 
won a High Court mjuction 
banning foe New Statesman 
magazine from publishing a 
“confidential” dispatch to Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, foe Foreign 
Secretary, from a former Brit- 
ish ambassador to Saudi 

Mr Justice Saville, in a two 
hour private hearing, granted 
foe injunction to Sir Michael 
Havers, the Attorney-General 

A Foreign Office spokes- 
man said he had “no idea” 
how foe document had finest 
into .the hands of the 

The message was sent by Sir 
James Craig in 1984. It was not 
thought to contain any 

information that could cause a 

breach of security. 

Instead it was a “descrip- 
tion of Saudi society, address- 
ing foe question of what 
Saudis were like". It is be- 
lieved the Government coukl 
have been embarrassed 


x-rays had shown a urinary 
blockage in foe foetus which 
-would have killed foe child 
before birth. 

The . surgeon cut into the 
mother's abdomen, pulled foe 
baby halfway out of the 
womb, and performed exten- 
sive surgery on his. tiny uri- 
nary tract Nine weds later. 
Baby Mitchell was bom by 
orthodox Caesarian section. 

Since .foe news broke this 
week. Dr Harrison has come 
under attack from other doc- 
tors who have raised ques- 
tions' about whether foe 
practice is ethical 

Critics have pointed to. the 
fact that foe operation could 
lead to renal failure in foe 
chikL and necessitated diffi- 

cult kidney transplant 
: They also say that the 
operation may have so scarred ' 
foe uterus of foe-mother as to 
complicate any further preg- 

Dr Harrison has been sub- 
dued in his response, claiming 
that'ilK operation carried no 
gnsrater risk than normal pedi-' 
attic urinaiysurgery or a Caes- 
arian section would. 

. Other doctors have leapt to 

Dr George Lee. an officer of 
foe Pacific Presbyterian Medi- 
cal Association, ; .praised .Dr. 
Harrison's work for breaking 
. new frontiers, adding; “Buffi 
is not radical ft is reason- 

• Early diagnosis: The life of 
Baby Mitchell was saved be- 
cause of foe advances which 
allow the earlier diagnosis of 
illnesses before birth (Our 
Science Editor writes). 

But the surgery that cleared 
foe urinary tract of Baby 
.Mitchell, thus preventing ir- 
reparable damage to foe kid- 
neys. could- have been done 
without lifting the intent from 
foe uterus. 

Doctors in foe United 
States and Britain have per- 

* fected a delicate procedure for 
this type of pre-natal surgery, 
which mvolves- inserting tiny 
tubes to drain vessels and 
-other small cavities foal have 
become blocked. 


Baby MitchelL foe face of 
controversy in medicin& . 


Tigran ntatmnii»g?> |j 


quarts, water-resistanr. 

The ultimate sports watch in 18 cl gold. 


14 New Bond Street, London Wt. 01-409 3140 




CPSA fight for 
votes change 

The right-dominated national executive of the Civil and 
Public Serv ices Association will on Monday seek to change 
the union's voting system (Tim Jones writes).It is part of a 
plan to ensure that Mr John Maereadie, a supporter of 
Militant Tendency, foils to become general secretary in a 
re-run election. _ . 

A firesh election is to be held after a report from the Sec- 
toral Reform Society saying that 21 branches, with a 
membership of 2*270, did not have an oportumty to vote 
during the last election in which Mr Macreadie de fe ated 
his moderate rival, Mr John Ellis, by only 121 votes. 

When it meets on Monday, the executive ^determined 
to introduce a postal central balloting system, in which the 
votes would be sent by individual members to a single ad- 
dress where they would be counted by independent 
returning officers, . . , , 

Although the Electoral Reform Society said there was no 
hard evidence ofballot rising. Mis Marion Chambers, the 
union's president, said yesterday she knew that one 
individual had signed for 15 ballot forms. 

Screening ruled out 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, the Foreign Secretary, yesterday 
said Britain would not follow Italy after it announced plans 

terrorism (Martin Fletcher writes). 

In a letter to Mr GrevOle Janner, labour MP for 
Leicester West, who sapporn die Italians , Sir Geoffrey 
said that Britain would scan diplomatic bags if there were 
strong grounds for suspicion. That knowledge would act as 
a deterrent. 

“A major disadvantage of a more widespread scanning » 
that it would make our own bags vulnerable to general and 
indiscriminate challenge. For security reasons we cannot 
allow the protection of our bags to be impaired.*' 

Red Rum 
in bronze 

Red Rum, the triple 
Grand National winner, is 
being Immortalized in a 
life-size bronze statue 
(David Sapsted writes). 

The sculpture, s t andi n g 
162 bands, being done by 
Mr Philip Blacker at his 
studio in Clmnfield, 
Oxfordshire, is expected to 
be ready for casting in a 

Commissioned by 
Seagram, sponsors of the 
Grand National, die two- 
ton statue will be unveiled 
in 1988 - the 150th 
anniversary of the race — 
and will stand in the pad- 
dock area at Ain tree. 

The Mail 
wins ban 

A newspaper yesterday 
claimed a rival publication 
was not entitled to exclu- 
sive rights to wedding 
photos of pregnant Mrs 
Deborah BdL who is in a 

Express Newspapers ar- 
gued that Mrs Bell owned 
the copyright jointly with 
her husband Ian and he 
could not sell the rights to 
Mad Newspapers until she 
was officially dead. 

But, a High Court judge 
decided to continue a tem- 
porary ippmetion Hanning 
Express Newspapers from 
printing photos of the 
Darlington couple. 

Saudi dispatch ban 

The Ww Statesman was banned by a High Court judge 
yesterday from publishing details of a dispatch from a Brit- 
isb Ambassador to the Foreign Secretary. 

After a two-hour private bearing, Mr Justice Savffle 
granted the Attorney General an iqjnuctioii nestrainhig the 
magazine from piilisSung anything about the ith pufrh by 
Sir James Craig, sent in 1984. 

The magazine had opposed the order and outside the 
court Mr John Lloyd, its editor, said: "Their argument is 
that the _ dispatch sent to the Foreign Secretary was 
confidential and against public interest because it amid be 
da m a gin g to relations with Saudi Arabia. We are 
considering ait appeaL" 

Gold raid 

Mr John Palmer, the 
jeweller accused of offences 
connected with the £26 
million Brinks-Matt rob- 
bery at Heathrow Airport 
in 1983, was charged yes- 
terday with evading VAT 
on gold when he appeared 
for committal proceedings 
at Horseferry Road 
Magistrates* Court. 

Mr Palmer, aged 36, 
from Lansdowo, near Bath, 
has spent more than three 
mouths remanded in cus- 
tody since being deported 
from Spain in June. He is 
charged with conspiring to 
dishonestly handle stolen 
gold bullion. 

Bus building plan 

A £2 million training programme aimed at preserving 
Lancashire as the bos budding centre of Britain was 
announced yesterday. 

Workers staying with Leytand Bns will be retrained to 
operate high-technology equipment, and the 600 facing 
redundancy after the management buy-out will be taught 
new skills and encouraged to set op small bu s i nesses . 

The plan, drawn up by Lancashire Comity CoandTs Job 
Creation agency, Lancashire Enterprises, and Leytand 
Bns. is designed to help local industry to survive the 
present slump in the market, They rialm the programme 
will produce a stronger Ley land Bus company when the 
predicted upturn In demand comes in two years. 

RUC shooting survivor backs Stalker 

rifles, had a s hott d iscussion foS'lSce 

A survivor of a shooting 
incident at the centre of the 
Stalker inquiry into allega- 
tions of an RUC “shoot-to- 
kflr policy believes the 
resumed investigation will be 
a whitewash. 

Martin McAuiey, who was 
severely injured by under- 
1 cover RUC officers, said that 
Mr John Stalker, deputy chief 
constable of Greater Manches- 
ter, had been removed as head 
of the inquiry because be was 
-digging too deep". “Someone 
wanted rid of him as be was 
asking awkward questions and 
uncovering awkward things.* 1 
Mr Stalker was removed 

inquiry Into three 
shootings in Co Armagh dur- 
ing 1982. five days before he 
was due to return to Northern 
Ireland where be' hoped to 
discover the contents of an 
Ml 5 tape planted in a shed 
where Mr McAuiey was in- 
jured and his friend, Michael 
Tighe, shot dead.' 

Mr Stalker believed the tape 
could prove conclusively what 
happened before and during 
the shooting in the bam M 
Ballyneery, near Lurgan, Co 
Armagh, in November. 

The bugging device had 
been placed in the shed as it 
was suspected ofbemg used fay 

republican terrorists to -store 
explosives. The security forces 
hoped to capture para- 
militaries Inside. 

Mr Tighe bad no known 
paramilitary connections and 
Mr McAuiey, aged 23, who is 
married, says he has no 
connections with Provisional 
Sinn Fein or fts'militaiy wing, 
the Provisional IRA. 

He says he was looking after 
the form for the widow of a 
veteran 1920s ERA man and 
says that with Mr Tighe he 
dunbed through a window of 
the bam after seeing pieces of 
metal sticking out of hay. Mr 
McAuiey said they discovered 

and then got down 
more closely at them 

At his - — . , -. . 

when officers involved n 

more ciosciy m un-iu r-- - ■ j thaf hod &een 

there was a burst of gunfire njSJJJf 1 . ^ifsuperinten* 
“After the first shots I heard ordered bya m ptAru fn 
a shout to 'come out* followed 

by a second burst of gunfire. 
After I was shot I was dragged 
from the bam. The police said 
I jumped up and threw the 
rifle but I bad been badly 
wounded and could not have 
thrown anything." 

Mr McAuiey was convicted 
of possessing three rifles and 
received a two-year sentence 
suspended for three years. The 
weapons as the barn were at 
least 40 years old and no 

dent to invent a stay to 

protect the 

identity of an 

found at 

One of the world's moa 
"" *>iiv refected stoten pictures - a £3 million 

^r^RUC StaS l^brandt-was 

^nSSSr damaged at. a West Germany 
evidence as bong ra i]way station yesterday. y 

The J *' "* ' 

but neither did hf wholly 
believe Mr McAuiey s tes- 
timony that he bad not 
touched the weapons. 

It was these conflicts that 
the Stalker inquiry team 
hoped the MI5 tape would 
help to resolve. 

defuses the 
EEC revolt 

By SbeflaGuna and Richard Owen 

Government defused thor of the Parliament's report 
on relations with the Council 


the revolt led by Lend Den- 
ning, the former Master of the 
Rous, in the House of Lords 
last night on a Bill to speed 
deciaotHmaldng in the EEC 
Instead, Lord Denning, who 
has become something of a 
folk hero in the Lords, came 
under attack for being out- 
dared and “living in the times 
of Palmerston”. 

Conservative pens rarely 
seen in the chamber, plus the 
support from the Alliance, 
gave the Government a 
comfortable majority over 
wrecking amendments to the 
European Communities (Am- 
endment) BilL 
Lord Denning, with a group 
of Labour and Conservative 
peers, has been campaigning 
against the Bill, arguing that it 
would reduce the Queen to the 
status of a state governor and 
lead to a federal Europe. 

A strict guillotine prevented 
a full debate on the three-page 
Bill under which member 
stales can rarely use a veto to 
block derisions of the Euro- 
pean CounciL 

Among those who sup- 
ported the first main wrecking 
amendment were members of 
the Labour front bench and 
Lord Wilson of Rievauix, the 
former Prime Minister. 

Lord Tordoffi leader of the 
Liberal whips, said: “It is dear 
that the Labour Party has not 
moved its ground on its 
attitude to tire European 
Community when the leader 
of the Opposition (Lord 
Cledwyn) and their Chief 
Whip (Lord POnsonby) voted 
for a wrecking amendment**. 

European MPs were almost 
unanimous yesterday in dis- 
missing Lord Denning’s fears 
about a loss of national sov- 

Tney argued that die 
amendments to the Treaty of 
Rome, for from being radical, 
did not go for enough in 
increasing the powers of die 
European Parliament. 

“Lord Denning's concerns 
are wholly misplaced,’’ Mr 
Christopher Prout, Conser- 
vative European MP for 
Shropshire and Stafford and a 
constitutional lawyer, said. 

“The transfer of sovereignty 
to EEC institutions from 
Westminster has been taking 
place ever since we joined in 
1973. It is not a matter of 
whether you think it is a good 
thing or a bad thing, it is a 

Mr Prout said that, al- 
though the Single European 
Act enshrining the reforms 
was inadequate, it opened up 
“exciting possibilities” for 
increasing die European Par- 
liament's democratic control 
over Brussels, “and that is 
something Lord Denning 

I should support”. 

Herr Erik Blum enfold, a 
I West German Christian Dem- 
ocrat European MP and au- 




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of Ministers, said the long- 
term goal remained “co-de- 
cision-making powers for 
Strasbourg, and in the mean- 
time the Parliament should 
use the reforms to increase its 
say in agricultural spending". 

The Single Act, which 
amends the Treaty of Rome, 
the EEGs founding docu- 
ment, has to pass through all 
12 national parliaments be- 
fore it comes into force on 
January 1 next year. 

It was signed by EEC heads 
of government, including Mrs 
Margaret Thatcher, at the EEC 
summit in Luxembourg in 
December last year. 

It provides for qualified 
majority voting, mainly in 
internal market matters, in the 
Council of Ministers; a second 
reading of legislation by the 
largely consultative European 
Parliament; and a treaty on 
tire coordination ol 
esgn policy. 

“Minimalist" states, such as 
Denmark, resisted foe title 
“Treaty of European Unity", 
arguing that the changes were 
a modest step towards union 
ai best. 

But “maximalist" states, Italy, want to build on 
foe reforms to create a united 

Most EEC parliaments have 
completed .foe ratification 

The most intractable oppo- 
sition so for has been en- 
countered not in Britain but in 
West Germany, where foe 
Lander or states feel that the 
treaty amendments not only 
reduce Gentian sovereignty 
but detract from the powers of 
regional govemmenL 
EEC officials none the less 
expect the reforms to be 
ratified on tune. 

“It is absurd to argue that 
foe amendments have been 
introduced by stealth,” one 
official said. 

Officials said the European 
Court of Justice, which guards 
and interprets the Treaty of 
Rome and which takes prece- 
dence over national law, was 
not an alien body but a court 
composed of senior judges 
from all 12 states. 

Similarly, commissioners 
arc drawn from all EEC 
countries as are the members 
of the Council of Ministers, at 
present chaired by Sir 
Howe under the system of a 
rotating presidency. 

Undo- foe new procedures, 
EEC laws will originate as 
Commission proposals and 
wfl] go to the Fariiamem for 
“an opinion” before passing to 
foe Council of Ministers for a 
first reading. 

The proposals or Bill will 
then return to Strasbourg fora 
second reading over a three- 
month period, and automati- 
cally become law if no 
amendments are made. 
Parliament, page 4 

Pareal shelves, 


Electrical harness 

Leigh. Lancs 


The catalogue of components and suppfic 
In the Rover Stoning 




Boot trim 

West Yorfcs 




ako systems 


and tyres 

The new £18,794 top-of-the-range Rover 800 Sterling, Rover's main hope for increased ex- 
ports to Ewrope and the United States, and gome of the .carte leading “ prefer red suppliers 
whose factories are scattered across the country from Yorkshire to the sooth coast. The car, 
a joint development by Honda of Japan end Rover, is the cnlmmation of the company s six- 
year, £1 trillion model replacement programme. 

Austin Rover shutdown 

Buying policy may change 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

The sudden shutdown of 
Austin Rover as the result of 
the Lucas strike has plunged 
the state-controlled company 
hack into co nt r o v e rsy over its 
purchasing policies. 

It also raises foe question of 
whether British industry can. 
successfully emulate the 

The co mpa n y 's syste m of 
“preferred suppliers* and its 
paring of stored components to 
the mmimnm to slash COStS 
has left it vulnerable to ex- 
tonal disruption. 

Row is now certain to face 
growing pressure to review its 
policies in the light of foe 
"Lucas' dispute, but the com- 
pany, undo- its new cost- 
conscious chairman, Mr 
Graham Day, will with equal ' 
certainty resist a return to 
having several sqppiiera. 

The company b convinced 
that Its system of exdssne 
suppliers has worked weD 

without; until now, any big 
hiccups. And by adopting a 
version of the Japanese motor 
industry's so-called jnst-ia- 
time delivery operation, it 
chums a five-fold decrease in 
cash tied ap in inventory. 

The BL recovery plan begun 
in the late 1970s by the then 
chairman, Sir Michael 
Edwardes, and which gave 
birth to the Metro, Maestro, 
Montego, Triumph Acclaim, 
Rover 200.series and now the 
Row 800, envisaged a system 
of exclusive suppliers. ■ 

The bulk had to betflK- 
based because of foe political 

bonght-in parts and materials, 
was tiie adoption of "just-in- 
time”. In Japan the concept is 
successful because of continu- 
ously peaceful industrial rela- 
tions and proximity of the 
suppliers to foe car assembly 

Rover negotiated a deal with 
British Bond Services, which 
has a warehouse dose to the 
Cowley fitotories, near Oxford. 

Not until they pass foroqgh 
the Cowley gates : is Rover 
invoiced for foe components. 
Ofocr parts, mostly bulky 
items -such as facia panels, are 
delivered direct at short notice. 

sensitivity of buying abroad. - .. 

The Edwardes sctente kad 

leading supplier* designated . 1*200* suppliers have been 

as “preferred" in return -for a 
pledge to be as competitive in 
price and quality as -conti- 
nental ™ngfa*t n rff« w ithin 
three years. 

More risky, given that half 
of foe cost of a car covers 

reduced to TOO and quality of 
parts has improved. , 

Against that background, it 
is dear that the company's 
increasing frustration with 
caste leading it to find another 
supplier of electrical parts. 

men ‘ready 
for poU’ 

• By Martin Fletcher 
Political Reporter 

The Labour Shadow Cabi- 
net emerged in buoyant mood 
from a two-day meeting in 

Irish border security 


it faced a serious challenge in 


It also admitted that further 
work was needed to identify 
where enough jobs could be 
created to keep Labour’s 
promise of reducing un- 
employment by a million 
within two years 
Mr Neil Kionock, address- 
rag his firontbench colleagues 
for the first time since last 
week's successful party con- 
ference in Blackpool, told 
them that (he party had made 
huge advances over the past 
and now eqjoyed strong 
in key regions and target 

Garda faces RUC criticis 

The RUC wSI press the 
Irish authorities to implement 
a number of practical mea- 
sures designed to improve 
cross-boitia* security at a spe- 
cial meeting of foe Anglo-Irish 
ministerial conference next 

At foe talks there wffl be 
lengthy analyses of a series of 
studies in the tatellraence; 
operational and technical 
fields which have been carried 
out by experts from foe RUC 
and Garda. 

The British are hopeful of 
results for, in the words of one 
source, “we are not talking 
about friendship and good- 
will. We have come to the 
point where the implementa- 
tion must begin and that will 
mean extra manpower and 

The growing private criti- 
cism by British sources at the, 
pace of change and lack of 
improvement on the ground 
south offoeborderwillalsobe 
discussed at the meeting 
which has been requested by 
the Irish Government Among 
those attending will be Sir 
John Hennoa, Chief Con- 
stable of the RUC and Mr 
Lawrence Wren, the Commis- 
sioner of foe Garda. 


within foe force and changes 
in its training and 

The need to improve train- 
ing was recognizedin 1970 but 
there has been tittle reform 
despite pressure from Garda 
representative associations for 

Formed to police a 
rural society, it has not batfthe 
scale of resources lavished 

By Richard Ford 

Doubts about the Garda's 
ability to defiver much in the 
fight against terrorism were 
revealed in a leaked account of 
a meeting between Sir John 
and his divisional com- 
manders lit which he was 
reported as saying of foe 
Garda: “It was evident then- 
capacity and contribution was 

Improving security along a 

300-mile border was one of 

the benefits Britain hoped u l p on J} T 5? ,cn compared with 
would persuade unionists to which has been 

welcome the Anglo Irish transformed from a 3,000- 

strong force in 1969 to one of 
8,259 full-time officers with a 
4,500 reserve which is one of 
the best in dealing with anti- 
terrorist campaigns. 

Britain had hoped the 
Republic would channel extra 
resources to the Gaida whose 
budget this year is lr£257 
million compared with £302 
million for the RUG But foe 
perilous state of the economy 
is putting a strain on an 
resources. Government of- 
ficials say that the extra cost 
attributed to the border is 
running at 1r£l57 million a 
year which per head of the 
population is four times 
higher than the cost to the 
British people. 

Bat he sdd that worsening 
econ om ic prospects, the IBmIh 
hood of rising inflation and 
increasing pressure on foe 
pound and on interest rates 
could tempt Mrs Thatches 
into an early election. 

“Mis Thatcher may play it 
long or she may cut and run. 
What I can say is that we are 
at any moment to fight 
and beat her and to takeover 
and Start rebuilding dais 

agreement Some RUC offi- 
cers believed it gave the 
security forces the best 
opportunity to destroy repub- 
lican terrorism and that it 
would act as a catalyst for 
in foe 11 ,400-strong 

Mr Wren is resisting an 
RUC idea to appoint an 
additional assistant commis- 
sioner to co-ordinate border 
security and reduce what they 
claim is a degree of 
centralisation which prevents 
rapid deployment on foe 

Senior RUC officers would 
like better-trained detectives 
deployed along foe border, foe 
promotion of younger officers 

we are seeing from 
foe Conservatives this we " 
are scare tactics from a party 
which te running scared, stum- 
bling scared, aid we are going 
to keep ft that way 
The Shadow Catenet was 
shown a 20-page fnD-colour 
brochure setting out Labour's 
social and economic policies 
which b to be launched on 
Tuesday and sold in news- 

Called Investing in 
PeopletAn Agenda for National 
Recovery* its hunch at press 

political broadcasts is delib- 
erately timed to capitalise on 
Labour's resurgence and . to 
counter the beneficial effects 
for die Conservatives of their 
own party conference. 

However Labour's defence 
policy, which calls to 1 foe 
removal of all American 
unclear bases from British 
soil, is to he the subject of a 
separate and sustained cam- 
paign beginning in December. 

Newspaper ban in 
libraries ‘political’ 

Three Labour-controlled 
London councils abused their 
powers and put political 
motives above their legal 
obligations by banning News 
International publications 
from public libraries, foe High 
Court was told yesterday. 

A challenge to bans im- 
posed by the CUnurfen, . Ealing , 
and Hammersmith and Ful- 
ham councils is likely to form 
a test case for the 18 other 
local authorities in : England 
and Wales which bar News 
International publications 
from forir library shelves. 

Legal 'proceedings started 
against eight other councils 
are in abeyance, awaiting the 
outcome of the present case. 

News International, 
publishers of The Times, The 
Sunday Times, The Sun and 
News Qf The World* Times 
Newspapers Limited and ag- 
grieved ratepayers from each 
of the three boroughs applied 
for a judicial review of foe 
bans to foe Queen's Bench 
Division, of tire High Court 
before Lord Justice Watkins 
and Mr Justice Kennedy. 

Mr Anthony Lester, QC, 
counsel for Times News- 
papers, said: “This case raises 
issues of general importance 
about the power of local 
authorities to ban newspapers 
from public libraries for politi- 
cal reasons, all because the 
local authority takes sides in 
an industrial dispute or be- 
cause they dislike foe conduct 
of the owner or publisher of a 
newspaper during such a 

national went on strike on 
January 24 this year, and were 
dismissed. The publishers bad 
decided to print their news- 
papers at a new plant at 
Wapping, east London. 

Although the Labour Party 
endorsed a boycott of News 
International newspapers, its 
national local government 
committee said they should be 
available in libraries as “it 
.would not be right to be seen 
to censor public access to 

Mr Lester said this was the 
first time a court had been 
asked to consider a council's 
duties under foe Public 
Li banes and Museums Act, 
1964, which compels them to 
provide “comprehensive and 
efficient" library services. 

He said the grievance was 
that the councils had exercised 
their power and duties for the 
improper and political pur- 
poses of expressing support 
for former employees of news- 
paper companies. 

The three councils deny that 
foe bans were an abuse of 
power under the terms of foe 
Act. and maintain they were 
entitled to take into account 
the industrial relations con- 
duct of the management 

The case continues today. 

• A Southwark councillor, 

portrait of Jacob & 
Ghevn III, stolen four times in 
16 years, was in foe fea 
luggage department at Mud. 
s ter, having been deposited at 
the beginning of last month. It 
was wrapped in ordinary 
packing paper secured by 
adhesive tape. - 

The painting,; known as 
‘Thai old takeaway 

brandt", was laa taken in May 
1983 and is expected to return 
today to the Dulwich Picture 
Gallery in sooth Low 
where it has been dispte 
on and off, since the 
opened in the early I 
The curator, Mr John 
Sheeran, said the painting, due 
to be examined today, was 
“definitely'' foe Rembrandt 
painted in 1632. He added: 
“Lots has been done about 
security since foe painting was 

The 12in by lQin 
was also stolen in 1966. 1 
and 1981. 

After the 1983 food, the 
police said a three-tier btfa- 
was used to climb on to foe 
roof, about 60ft aboveground, 
where the thieves -broke 
through a fanlight directly into 
foe picture’s gallery. . 

In August 1981, the thief 
panicked when Ire " realized 

what he had taken and tried to 

ransom it for £100,000. It was 
recovered from a London 'taxi 
and three men, one a -West 
German art 'dealer, were 

It was first stolen in 1966 as 
one of 14 pictures taken in 
what was then thought to be 
the world’s biggest art theft. 
All were recovered wfrhmj 

The Rembrandt was next 
acquired in 1973 when a thief 
was slopped walking out of foe 
gallery with it under hte coat 

deny El Al 
bomb link 

The Syrian government de- 
nied yesterday that it was 
involved in an attempt. to 
destroy an Israeli adrimer in 
London last ApriL 
A Jordanian, Nezar Hin- 
dawi, is accused' at the Central 
Criminal Court of trying to 
destroy the-13 Al Boeing 747 
by planting a bomb in the 
luggage of bis : pregnant -girl 
friend. U is aBeged that 'Mr 
Hindawi who has pleaded not 
guilty, told foe police that a 
Syrian intelligence officer gave 
him the bomb. 

The state-controlled Da- 
mascus Radio accused the 
OA and Israeli intelligence of 
being involved in a “desperate 
attempt" to involve Syria. 

It said the two organizations 
had, “planned ' and im- 
plemented terrorist acts in 
Britain and France to be used 
as a springboard for a wider 
campaign against Syria” 

The station said Syria had 
condemned the recent bomb- 
ings in France, and had of- 
fered to help put an end to 
them. But it did not elaborate 
“What is new in this cam- 
paign is what is being wit- 
nessed at a London court, of 
desperate attempts to involve 
Syria in foe drama' of The 
explosive charge discovered 
on foe stairs of an Israeli 
airliner in- London:.' This 
involvement seems to be the 
first and last objective behind 
the London drama,'* it said. 

A leading Syrian newspaper 
also attacked the British me- 
dia, for what it said was a 
“Zionist-biased campaign” bo 
involve Syria, “harming its 
reputation by directing false 
and fabricated accusations 
against it” 

“Syria, in the course of 
combating terror, has done 
what others failed to do.” 

The trial continues today. 

USA to relax 
rules in fight 
against Ards 

The Independent 
Broadcasting Authority is pre- 
pared to consider a relaxation 
of its ban on foe advertising of 


David Payne, aged 43, n Daily ^^acep^ve sheaths in * 
Telegraph printer, was jailed ^, ove j 10 . to S *°P ^ 

for six months yesterday for sprea< * ^ds. 
an attack oh a newspaper van 
driver outside the News Inter- 
national plant Robert Tetaur, 

said that the bans were 
imposed after some 5.500 
employees of News Inter- 

aged 33, a former Times copy 
reader, was jailed for six 
months for his port in the 
attack. Both are to appeal. 

Devonport hopes 

Summaries of the tenders 
from the three companies 
bidding to run the Devonport 
Dockyard, largest of the two 
naval yards being pot out to 
private management to save 
more £20 million a year, were 
published yesterday (Peter 
Davenport writes). 

In a covering letter Dr 
Michael Harte. bead of the 
Ministry of Defence’s Dock- 
yard Planning Team, says that 
all bidders lake a more 
optimistic view of attracting 
extra work. 

The yard is sbeddipg 2,000 
workers, due to be completed 

by next April, when the new 
company will tafa* over 
management AH contendere 
envisage further losses, rang- 
ing between one and two 

The bidders are: Devonport. 
Dockyard, formed from the 
present management; 
Devonport Management, a 
consortium of the US-owned 
Brown and Root (UK). 
Vickers Design and Projects 
and Lazand Brothers; and 
Devonport Operations, a 
Bnush conortium of Foster 
Wheder. A and P Appfedore 
■and Wharton Wdliam-L^ 

A spokesman for the 
Department of Health and 
Social Security said ydsterday 
that television advertising is 
one of a number of options 
being considered for the not 
phase of the Government’s 
£2.5 million campaign to edu- 
cate the public on techniques 
to prevent the spread of the 

The change in foe VBA's 

attitude to contraceptive 

advertising was signalled test 
month in . foe Central. Teie- 
vision prog ramme. Central 
Weekend. The programme, 
which was seen only In the 
Midlands, is scheduled to. he 
broadcast in London on 23 
October. , . . 


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Teacher regarded lover 

Girlfriend tells how 
Bamber strangled 
rats to test courage 

Rd MMmaI Um..!*. 


as 6 the Devil incarnate 9 


Bamber strangled 
SK™. Parents faroyard 
JSjj 1 * h** hands to test his 
h deeding that 

lhe prospect of 
KHiing his parents. 

Th * £ 0U I? V/as loW yaerday 
nf h- e lhen toId h * girifnend 
of his test of CO u£ge and 
oecision to go ahead with the 
massacre at which left dead 

sSer P™ 15 * halfi 

s^er and her twin sons last 

RjwL 8 * 1 ^ ^i^d of Jeremy 
lold , Chelmsford 
C rowq Court of how he came 

kni; W, S wveral ideas ^ 

filing h, s wealthy parents and 

inheriting their £436,000 

^^Miss Julie Mugford, aged 
3 teacher, said ids first plan 
involved drugging them with 
tranquillisers and burning the 
nouse down while they slept. 

• ne second was to shoot them. 

# He just wished 
they were all d ead 9 . 

She outlined her two-year 
relationship with Bamber, of- 
ten shaking and breaking 
down with emotion, during 
nve hours in the witness box. 

She also sajd that op one 
occasion she 'attempted to 
smother Bamber with a pillow 
several weeks after the 

Later under cross-examina- 
tion she denied that she had 
gone to the police to betray 
Bamber because she had been 

Jeremy Bamber, aged 25, 
denies murdering the five 
members of his family with a 
semi-automatic . 22 /Cnschtuz 

The prosecution claims that 
Miss Mugford told police that 
Bamber had planned the 
killings for months. 

Repeatedly clasping and un- 
clasping her hands, she told 
the jury that she had met the 
dark-haired young former 
when she went for a holiday 
job at a pizza parlour in 
Colchester in November, 

She said that by October 
1984 Bamber allegedly was . 
saying that he wanted to get ; 
rid of his parents.; 

“He just said be wanted to . j 
live his own life and he wished 
they were all dead.” 

Although Miss Mugford 
dismissed the .conversations 
as idle chit-chat they became . 
more specific and by Decern- : 
ber 1984 Jeremy. Bamber . 
allegedly had devised two 

Body ‘was 
put in car 
crusher 9 

A man watched as his car 
containing the body of his 
stepdaughter, was put into a 1 
car-crushing machine, the : 
Central CrimininaJ Court was J 
cold yesterday. 

Mr Michael Worsley, QC, 1 
for the prosecution, told the < 
jurv that Ronald Barton, who < 
denies murder, allegedly told a 
fellow prisoner that when the ] 
crushed car was melted down, j 
“the body would come to the i 
cop as dross and there would z 
be no other trace". 

Mr Worsley has alleged that 
Mr Barton, aged 46, a minicab 
driver, of Mildenhall Road, 
Clapion. east London, ab- J 
ducted and murdered Keigh- 
ley Barton, aged 14. to stop her *■ 
accusing him in court of 
sexually abusing her. 1 

Mrs Theresa Barton, aged v 
37. of Sebert Road, Forest * 
Gate, said that Mr Barton was I 
given a suspended jail sen- 
tence in 1980 for sexual t 
assault on his stepdaughter, s 
Subsequent complaints by her 
daughter were droppped when 
Mr Barton threatened to bury 
the girl" I Oft under", she said.. 

Mr Worsley said that Mr j 
Barton faced jail after ailega- 

,ions by his stepdaughter that, i 

he had sexually assaulted her * 
while under an injunction i 
tanning him from her home. 

The case continues today. . * 

By Michael HorsneU 

methods of killing his parents. 

The first of these was to slip 
tranquillizers into their drinks 
and then' return to White 
House Farm later try foot or 
bicycle and burn the house 
down leaving police to believe 
that NeviU Bamber, his father, 
had fallen asleep and dropped 
a cigarette or a log had fallen 
from the fire. 

Asked her reaction Miss 
Mugford said "I said they 
were pretty vile and foul 
things to say and I would 
rather he didn't say things like 
that to me. They were- hor- 
rible. I also stated it was 
ridiculous to try to bran down 
the house because h would not 
set on fire very easily." .. 

Later, according to JMi$s 
Mugford. Bamber said that if 
he were to kin his parents it 
would be by shooting. 

It was at this stage that 
Bam ber allegedly first realised 
he could use his sister Sheila, 
who had undergone two ner- 
vous breakdowns, as a scape- 
goat in the plot to kilT his 

Miss Mugford said: 
"Jeremy said Sheila would be 
a good scapegoat because she 
had been admitted to a mental 
hospital. Due to ber mental 
illness she wasn't in control of 
her senses.” Meanwhile, said 
Miss Mugford, Bamber bad 
told her that he had seen a 
copy of his parents' wfi] and 
assumed that the estate would 
pass to him and Sheila. 

Before allegedly carrying 
out the massacre of his family 
in the early hours of August 7, 
1985 Jeremy captured some 
farmyard rats and killed them 
with his bare hands to test his 
will and discovered that he 
could kill his parents, said 
Miss Mugford. 

On the night before the 
murders Miss Mugford said 
Bamber telephoned her. " He 
said that he had been thinking 
about the crime and it was 
going to be tonight or never. I 
replied -don't be so stupid' 
and disregarded what he said 
but he told me I. would be 
hearing from him later." . 

At 3am the next morning 
she said that she was woken by 
a phone =caH from, him in ' 
which he said ‘'everything 
going weft, someth wrong 
at therfonn. I havenot had any 
deep all 'night Bye honey., I 
love you lots." 

He made a second call at 
5.40am in which he said that 
Sheifa had gone mad and that 
Julie should not go to work 
because a police car. would 

pick her up and drive her to 

There they embraced and he 
laughed and sakt "I should 
have been an actor”. 

That night when they were 
alone in the lounge Bamber 
allegedly told her that a friend 
called Matthew McDonald, 
who was a mercenary in the 
Far East bad committed the 
murders on Bamber’s instruc- 

Miss Mugford said Bamber 
had told her that Mr. Mc- 
Donald was to be paid £2,000. 

Miss Mugford, who was 
dressed in a black skin and 
printed blouse, told Mr An- 
■thony Ariidge, for the prosecu- 
tion, that she had not told of 
these events to the police in a 
statement which she made on 
August 8. 

Asked why she said: "Ini- 
tially I did not want to believe 
what I thought. I was scared to 
believe ft. Jeremy said if 
anything happened to him It 
would also happen to me. He 
said that I could be implicated 
in the crime because I knew all 
about ft." 

Before the first of the two 
funerals which followed the 
massacre Jeremy Bamber 
allegedly went on a spending 
spree treating Julie and friends 
of thefts to expensive meals 
and buying himself a designer 
suit in Colchester for £198 and 
a tie for £30. 

Miss Mugford added: "I 
commented that in public 
Jeremy looked for too happy." 

Feeling increasingly dis- 
traught Miss Mugford went to 
a restaurant on August 31 with 

“ I said I was feeling guilt for 
both of us and wantednhn to 
know what it was like. He said 
that he was doing everyone a 
favour and there was nothing 
to feel guilty about- I said 
tohim I didn't know what I 
was going to do or say and he 
asked me not to do anything 

14. Vr -a 

r,r 1 - 


k. n* . 



# Mrs Bamber 
harlot 9 

She said that back at her flat in 
Lewisham,soutB London, she 
had once put a pillow over his 
.head.- and bad thought .of 
trying to smother Him as he 

Earlier Miss Mugford said that 
Jeremy Bamber’s mother 
called her “a loose woman and 
a harlot". 

She .said Mrs June Bamber 
bitterly resented her relation- 

Tube violence 

Miss Julie Mugford: the 

ship with her son and even 
offered at one stage to provide 
her with a flat so she could 
avoid staying with him. 

Miss Mugford aid they raw 
each other every weekend. 
Either he would stay with her 
or she would spend nights at 
his home. 

" Mrs Bamber told me she 
didn't understand how my 
mother could allow it to go 
on,” she said. 

"She said she thought our 
relationship was just a sexual 
one and she thought I was just 
a loose woman and a harlot. I 
was upset and offended and 
told her we were very good 
friends.” . . 

Miss Mugford said that on 
September 3- she had a row 
with Bamber after she had 
caught Him talking to aformer 
girltnend. over the. phone.. A 
furious argument developed 
in which Bamber appeared as 
if he was going to hit her., . . 

Miss Mugford then : said: 
"Go on then and I will go 
straight to the Essex police." 
But' they got over the row and 
it was not until four days later 

45Ti at#* 'r.rsyr yjgy s 

girlfriend of Jeremy Bamber who gave evidence yesterday. 

that Miss Mugford did inform 

that Miss Mugford did inform 
lhe police. 

Miss Mugford said that at 
the funeral of Bamber’s par- 
ents Jeremy remarked that he 
hoped a video he had set up at 
home to cover the news would 
report what he said that day 
and show "his best side”. 

Under cross-examination 
Miss Mugford raid she had 
wanted to marry Bamber but 
their relationship deteriorated 
and she found difficulty in 
being physically close to him, 
and that it was she who left 
him. She said: "Both he and I 
knew something that no one 
else did: f couldn't cope, with 
it I couldn't speak normally 
to people. It was haunting me. 
I.rknew. "then 1 M a * lift time 
relationship was unlikely." 
She had omitted originally to 
.tell the- police all she knew 
because she- wanted -to protect 
Jeremy and did. not know 
what eketo do. 

It was : she who identified 
the bodies at the Chelmsford 
mortuary,- having volunteered 
to do so because no one else 
could face iu 

She had hoped that in seeing 
the bodies of Sheila and Mrs 
Bamber she might be able to 
make spiritual contact and 
take their advice about what 
she should do in the circum- 
stances but nothing happened 
Miss MugfonL who told the 
court that she came to regard 
Bamber as the devil incarnate, 
said that she did not want to 
believe what her 
subconsciousness was telling 
her about the truth of the 

She said: "The police had 
lold me it was an open and 
shut . case of murder and 
suicide by Sheila. If the police 
were convinced I asked mvself 
why, anyone, should ..believe 
me. 'I didn't know what to do. 
I was scared, just scared, i was 
scared of what Jeremy -would 
do to -me.- T- was scared that 
people would think I was mad. 
I couldn't handle it any more. 
I was increasingly upset" 

She added: "I loved him a 
long, time after l went to the 
police. 1 still loved him then. 

The trial continues today. 

Drug baby 
to Lords 

By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs 

The House of Lords was 
urged yesterday to give a 
woman ’drug addict a chance 
to win ber baby daughter back 
from care, where she was 
placed after being bom ad- 
dicted to a heroin-like drug. 

Ai the sian of a test hearing 
Mr James Town end. QC. for 
the baby's coun -appointed 
guardian, asked the law lords 
to rule that magistrates at 
Reading. Berkshire, had been 
wrong in making an order last 
year putting the child into the 
care of Berkshire County 
CounciL Judgement was re- 
served andis expected within , 
four to six weeks. 

Mr Townened had told the 
Lords that the baby was bom 
prematurely, weighing only 
51b in March 1985. She was 
suffering from drug with- 
drawal symptoms because her 
mother, a heroin addict, had 
continued to take drugs during 

Because of her condition, 
the baby, named only as 
Victoria. uu5 placed in a 
special baby unit and later 
with foster parents, where she 
had since remained She had 
not at any state been in the 
care of either of her parents. 

"It may be that the correct 
disposal of this child is by 
adoption. But all her guardian 
seeks to urge is this: that 
before that is resorted to. 
every other reasonable course 
should be tried” 

The baby's mother, aged 30. 
is challenging the removal of 
her baby in a hearing with 
wide legal implications for 
women about their liability to 
legal proceedings over their 
unborn babies. 

Some lawyers believe that if 
the Lords uphold the ruling by 
the Coun of Appeal — that ill- 
treatment of a child in the 
womb can be taken into 
account in care proceedings — 
then the same principle can 
apply in criminal proceedings. 

Such proceedings might be 
brought not just in drug 
addiction cases but where 
babies are bom damaged 
through a pregnant woman's 
smoking or drinking. The 
common law rule has always 
been that women cannot be 
prosecuted for harm caused to 
a. child through negligence 
before or at the time of birth. 

.Opening lhe hearing Mr 
Townend told the Lords there' 
should be an opportunity for 
continued access to the child 
by her parents so that the 
possibility of rehabilitation 
could be explored 
Berkshire County Council 
and the baby's parents will 
also make legal submissions. 

win for 

A secretary is the sole 
winner of yesterday's Portfolio 
Gold prize of £4,000. 

Miss Angela Falshaw, aged 
34. from Long Preston in 
North Yorkshire, has played 
the Portfolio Gold game regu- 
larly for about three months. 

"I couldn't believe h. It was 
just lock that I decided to 
bring my card with me and 
carried on playing while on 
holiday," she said. 

Miss FaJsbaw said she in- 
tended using the prize money 
towards bnlkfing a new 

Readers who wish to play 
the game can obtain a Port- 
folio Gold card by sending a 
stamped addressed envelope 

Portfolio Gold, 

The Times. 

PO Box 40, 


BB1 6AJ. 

Rail damages 

British Rail was yesterday 
ordered in the High Court to 
pay £12,000 agreed damages 
and costs to Mrs Rosemarie 
Hyland, or Caxton Close, 
Hartley. Dartford. Kent, 
whose son, Gavyn, aged seven, 
died of electric shock in An- 
gus! 1981. He had crawled 
through a hole in wire fearing. 

Third inquiry 

An order by Mr Douglas 
Hard, Home Secretary, for a 
third police inquiry info the 
1978 murder at Stourbridge of 
Carl Bridgewater, the news- 
paper boy aged 13. has been 
passed by Staffordshire police 
to Mr James Anderton, Chief 
Constable of Greater Man- 

Inquest date 

An inquest into the deaths of 
Miss Lorraine Glasby and Mr 
Paul Bellion, the Norfolk 
teachers whose badly de- 
composed bodies were found 
botmd together in a remote 
French field, is to be opened 
and adjourned on Monday. 

Worlds apart 

Plans to pnt a new Jaguar 
XJ model inside Coventry 
Cathedral as part of a Today's 
Work for Tomorrow's World 
exhibition have been foiled _ 
because the car is 7in wider 
than the cathedral doors. 

Tolls appeal. 

The Court of Appeal re- 
served judgement yesterday on 
the Government's appeal 
against a High Court ruling 
on da wing its plan to more 
than double tolls cm the Severn 

£15m grant to fight crime 

By Stewart Teadkr, Crime Reporter 

Passenger panic alarms and 
"help centres’ 1 are to be tested 
on the London Underground 
as part of new measures 
against crime. They will be 
funded by a £15 million grant 
announced yesterday at the 
Conservative Party 

Passengers will be able to 
push a panfobntton or pick up 
a telephone toMk directly to 
the driver in a train or police 
at a station security point. - 
Other measures, such as 
new train and -station designs, 
will also be on test in crime 
prevention pilot schemes at 
stations thought to have 
particuM problems. 

The new station designs will 
include special focal points, 
where the manager and' staff 
wiH be dearly, visible to the 
public and ready to assist 
The use of dosed circuit 
television -will be increased at 
stations and better windows 

may be placed ax the end of 
carriages so there is a dear 
view down the length of a 

Nooks and crannies at sta- 
tions. will be dosed off and 
lighting will be improved. 

There will also bebener 
radio communication for the 
350 officers of the British 
Transport Police who patrol 
the Underground. At present 
there - are times when an 
inridenl occurs at a station 
and staff cannot reach the 
police, although they may be 
patrolling near by. 

The £15 million grant over 
three years- was announced 
yesterday by Mr John Moore, ' 
Secretary of Stale for Trans- 
port, when he told the con- 
ference that the money was 
part of a government initia- 
tive'led by the Prime Minister 
to improve crime prevention. 

Ydsterday both London Re- 
gional Transport and the 
London Regional Passengers 

Committee welcomed the 
money and agreed that modi 
of the problem was not so 
much actual attacks, but fear 
of crime by the public. 

A spokesman for the 
committee said: "We take the ■ 
view that crime is more a 
problem of perception. You 
are actually no less safe on the 
Underground than on the 
street, but people do fee! that 
once they are on a train or 
platform • there is no one 
looking out for them or who 
they can contact” 

According to LRT crime is 
rising "gently"at a time when 
the Underground is achieving 
record passenger levels. 

A spokesman said there was 
one violent crime per 500,000 

The spokesman said vi- 
olence was an important con- 
cern to the public but the most 
numerous crime was theft, 
such as pickpocketing. 


Knife terror on the Underground 

One Underground victim Two of the youths produced 
had- knife blades put between knives and they slashed the 
ber fingers by youths and was straps of my handbag. Then 
told they would be cut off they put the knifeblades be- 
imless she removed her rings tween- the fbmers of both my 
(Stewart Tendler writes). bands and told me that if I did 

The youths, part of a 3B- not ove them my rings they 

Sex attacker 

A waiter, Abdul MatiUEh, 
ased 33, m*n»d with two 
children, of Lane Close, 
Sngton, Orfontehire, was 

jailed yesterday forthreeapda 

half years after Oxford Crown 
Court was eoW be crept »?» 
the bedrooms sleeping. 
,'omeft St”*™* “ d 
decently assaulted them. 

strong gang called the Killer 

Man Gold Posse,- woo jailed . The gang did' not set the 
earlier this year after evidence rings bat racy fled wffln her 
which included the story of handbag sod a gold 
Miss Dawn Drake, aged 17. chaba,*rlJdi was ripped from 
The bank dork from herneck. 

CamberweU, south L ondon Miss Drake sauk"It was 
was travelling on the Victoria such a horrid aid terrifying 
Line when attacked. She was incident Oat I doubt if I will 
sitting reading a book when ever travel ou the Tube again.” 

cut my fingers off.” 

chafta,whkh was ripped from 
her neck. 

Miss Drake saiik"It was 

ordered to remove the rings. The gang took its name from was walking along a subway at 

She said: “Other pas- Loudon street language and Piccadilly Station with an- 
; saw what was happen- some wore jackets with the other girt when a man attacked 
got off the Min in fear, initials of the gang. They from behind 

strode at other targets and 
were noted for the way they 
used their numbers to intimi- 
date victims. 

. Their other victims included 
a ample of teenagers waiting 
on a platform at Kings Cross 
Underground station.-. They 
were waiting for a train when 
they were surrounded. Miss 
Pamela Doyle, aged 14, from 
north London, -said die gang 
langbed as two chains were 
ripped from her neck. 

Other ranggers are still 
operating. A few weeks ago 
Miss Lima Lnsardi, a model , 
was walking along a subway at 
Piccadilly Station with an- 


‘Three fat men in riot 9 Crash engine toppled 

j*_. furin nthpr*wuallvfoinjen who! Holidaymakers travelling down a shallow emhanktm 

4 iurv was yesterday told 
.J J ,h? anSed-Fat Man" 
(So.ball hooligan «asjistone 
of three suen men present 

d M n r S Ke1l°h L Evans, for 
ricfoncc. told lhe Central 

Criminal Court that h*s chcnt 

Terence Matthew, a scrap 

metal dealer. .Had 

cpsed of ”homft , * n E offences 

° f Mr Ce MattS«. wefehfofi 


two other equally fol men who 
fitted the same description". 
Mr Evans added. He urged the 
jurors not to convict Mat- 
thews on identification 
evidence. ■ _ 

Mr Matthews, aged 26. of 
Buckhold Road. Wandsworth, | 
south London.denies charges: 
of riot before a Chelsea versus i 
Manchester United home 
match in December 1984, and 
affray and causing 'grevious 
bodily harm to a- public house 


The hearing continues 

Holidaymakers travelling 
back from the coast were 
hurled through the windows 
of a train, which crashed into a 
van on a level crossing, near 
Beverley, last July. Nine died 
and 37 others were seriously 

Evidence showed that the 
train, travelling ai about 
70mph,.sirucfc the van almost 
dead centre, tearing ft into five 
pieces. Its driver survived, but 
hi s . adopted son was 
killed-The diesel engine then - 
jumped the rails and plunged 

down a shallow embankment 
to embed itself in a field, 
before toppling on its side 
racing the opposite direction 
to the rest of the train. 

A BR investigator. Mr John 
Lee. told a public inquiry 
yesterday how every window 
on the right-hand .side of the 
first carriage was smashed and 
people were hurled through their deaihs. 

The next three coaches, 
which were still attached, then 
dragged the 24^ton carriage 
over die bodies. 

Oh! The disappointment. ' ™*^**&J 

Still, never mind. Gateway have a couple of pegs that you can 
hang your hat on. 

The Star 60 and Gold Star accounts. 

.Star 60 offers 8.25% net* p.a. (equal to 11 .62% gross to basic 
rate income tax payers) for a minimum investment of just £500. 

You can withdraw your money on demand and only lose 60 days' 
interest on the amount you take out. With 60 days' notice you lose no 
interest at all. ' t; ‘ 

The Gold Star account pays a healthy rate of- interest rising to 8% 
net* p.a for investments of £10,000 or more, 

With a minimum-investment of £1 you have 

instant access, penalties. 

With two such secure investments as |cfj>| 4 
these, you’ll be bowled over. 

Raet may van/ 'Basic laencometa* pad 

Gateway Building Soqiety, Durringion Lane. Worthing; West Stssex, BN132QH . - ' 

. . y j- 

^ • 1 xiara H " v n ^ ~ 1 - 

— wyn wy ewy 




Better health care • Video in court 

Trident defended 

Better health care 
with less waiting 
ordered by Fowler 





‘can and 
must’ be 

£3 billion hospital build- 

ms programme, plans to cut 
vailing lists and the waiting 
umc of patients needing to see 
Consultants, were outlined by 
Mr Norman Fowler. Secretary 
qf Stale for Social Services, at 
50$ Conservative Party Con- 
ference >n Bournemouth, yes- 

*Hc outlined his plans for the 
. {Rfretopment of the health 
spice, including proposals 
(pr more operations, particu- 
larly for the elderly, and 
Staunchly defended the Gov- 
ernment's record of the past 
seven years. 

“ '"The aim we set for our 
health serv ice and our country 
is 'Simple— the provision of 
first-class health care in a first- 
-lass nation.” ft brought him a 
Standing ovation, 
fr -Mr Fowler said that over 
the next three years the Gov- 
ernment planned to complete 
pore than 100 new hospital 

In England alone they had 
more than 3S0 large hospital 
schemes at various stages of 
planning, design, and con- 
struction - a £3 billion hos- 

month and he would act upon service 1 
them. end of 

Good management action handicaj 
could reduce the waiting time long-ten 
for patients needing to see a duired 
consultant. He was asking Sir mental-1 
Roy Griffiths, one of the He ap 
country's leading manners, to secure a 
help with that task. theircfail 

He outlined areas of health had vaa 
care where he wanted im- against y 
provements. Tumii 

service to ensure that by the 
end of 1988 no mentally 
handicapped child receiving 
long-term care should be re- 
quired to live in a large 
mental-handicap hospital.” 

He appealed to parents to 
secure a good start in life for 
their children by ensuring they 
had vaccinations, particularly 
against whooping cough. 

}$%$& I® 


m mm 


Turning his attention to his 
critics ana the Labour Party, 
Mr Fowler said that time after 
time the Labour Party had 
cared in words but not in 
action. Under them waiting 
lists went up. hospital building 
was cut and there was strife in 
the wards. 

To cheers and applause, he 
said that the Tories were not 
prepared to take lectures 
about their concern for the 
health service from the La- 
bour Party. 

“This party is committed to ■ 
the health service. This party 
is committed to bringing help 
to people in need, whoever 
and wherever they are. We 
care and we care in action.” 

More resources were being 
put into the National Health 
Service, £1 1 billion more a 
year than when they came to 

More doctors and more 
nurses were working for pa- 
tients than at any stage in the 
history of the health service. 
They were providing more 
and better patient care — four 
and half million more patient 
cases were being treated today 
than when they came to office. 

Their critics dismissed all 
that as statistics. What they 
forgot was that each and every 
one of those four and half 
million statistics was a per- 
sonal story — a story of care, 
of a patient's pain relieved and 
hope renewed. 

It was absurd to claim that 
cleaning, catering and laundry 
services should be regarded as | 
a public sector monopoly. The 
private sector could and must 
play a part. The health service 
was now saving £63 million a 
year, which was going straight 
into patient care. 

The conference overwhelm- 
ingly carried a motion wel- 
coming the record provision 
of resources for the health 
service and urging the Gov- 
ernment to intensify its cam- 
paign of getting value for 

Dr David Tod, vice-chair- 
man of the Conservative 
Medical Society, during the 
course of the debate, said that 
if every general practitioner 
referred one less patient a 


pita! building programme. 

‘ '"This is the list of that 

Jjospital building programme 
«nd the country should know 
3S£ir. he said and he held up a 
Sst nearly two yards long. 
S»This would mean new 
yards, new operating theatres. 

hospitals in every pan of 
Sfo country. 

gtWhcn ihe Tories had come 
n office they hod found a 
JnCalth service where too many 
Staff were fighting to give 
$*entieth-ceniury care in a 
vmcicenth-ccntury setting. 

2 ’Today they were building 
jHe new hospitals that would 
Sake them into the twenty-first 
fentury. The Government was 
walking forward where Labour 
2ad failed. 

f^No issue was of greater 
concern to the public than 

Stinging rebuke 
for a minister 

Mrs Edwina Currie, the 
junior health minister, re- 
ceived a stinging rebake dar- 
ing the debate on the health 
service for her recent remarks 
a boat the eating habits of 
people living in die North. 

Mrs Heather Scott, from 
Darlington, said die remarks 
bad been “thoughtless and 

Mis Carrie was sitting on 
the platform at the time with 
other DHSS ministers. 

Mrs Scott said: “I take issne 
with the junior minister who 
made remarks about tire diet 
of northerners. 

“I do not smoke; I do not 
drink been and l hate Mack 
podding. And there are a lot of 
people tike me in the North.” 

llie North did have prob- 
lems of unemployment and 
that obviously had some effect 
oa health and wellbeing. 

Mrs Carrie should have 
asked why that was. The 
reason was Labour dominance 
of the area. Where Labour was 
in control unemployment was 
twice as high as iu other areas. 

failing lists. The last Labour 
Government had left record 

Government had left record 
Smiting lists of 750.000 peo- 
-pfe. The Conservatives had 
onfauced that number. 
jJCSome trade union leaders 
Hapw complained that reduc- 
tion was not enough. He 

E . but he would find their 
Hints more convincing 
•were not the men who 
c strikes of 1978 and 
which added 250.000 
patients to the waiting lists. 
J'.'But they had to take up the 
Challenge. Too many people 
4ȣre still waiting for too long. 
^>Hc had asked every health 
•ctythority to report to him on 
£heir local position, to set out 
■^Jicre and why patients were 
Quailing most. and to say how 
filial position could be im- 
»ved. Those repons would 
with him by the end of the 

He said he wanted more 
operations for the elderly with 
heart disease, more hip opera- 
tions and more eye opera- 
tions. Those operations would 
restore a freedom and in- 
dependence to elderly people. 

He was conscious of the 
particular and justified con- 
cern that millions of women 
had about cancer. He was 
setting clear targets for the 
fight against cervical cancer. 
Within two years there must 
be call-and-recall systems in 
every health district. He in- 
tended to end the delays in 
processing the results of a 

Children benefited from the 
genius of those who per- 
formed bone marrow trans- 
plants. “By 1990 we aim to 
increase the number of these 
life-saving operations to at 
least 550 a year.” 

He recognized special re- 
sponsibility to mentally han- 
dicapped children living in 
large institutional hospitals. “I 
want to see these children 
getting the care they need but 
in better facilities. 

”1 am asking the health 




Mr Peter Walker at the conference in Boarnemouth yesterday. (Photograph: Tim Bishop) 


New cash 
for ‘city’ 

It was rubbish to suggest, as 
the Labour education es- 
tablishment bad done, that the 
city technology colleges 
scheme would harm the rest of 
the inner city schools, Mr 
Kenneth Baker, Secretary qf 
State for Education and Sd- 
' ence, said at a Bow Group 

I The money he had per- 
suaded Mr Nigel Lawson, 
Chancellor of the Exchequer, 
to provide for the project was 
extra money. 

“These knee-jerk reactions 
from the Labour activists 
dearly indicate that we must 
be right. We are responding to 
what the parents want Labour 
is the anti-opportunity party.” 

The new schools were not at 
the expense of the state- 
maintained schools in the 
towns. They would become 
beacons and serve to lever up i 
standards. When they became 
popular it would be seen that 
this was the sort of education 
children required 

• Mr Rhodes Boyson, Min- 
ister for Local Government, 
told the Selsdon Group of his 
support for education 

■ Vouchers have been urged 
in the past to enable parents to 
choose the school to which 
they send their children. 

“In the long run there must 
be educational vouchers or 
direct funding of schools so 
that parents can ‘walk’ with 

Videos to be used 
in child cases 

month to a specialist and if their money. The right in a 
every specialist referred back See sodety is the right to get 

to the GP one patient a 
month, within a year 500,000 
people would be taken off the 
waiting lists. 

lout, the right to say I am 
! taking my boy away and 
sending him to the school 
down the road,” he said. 


|?Ludicrously high’ air 
I; fares must be cut 

the ludicrously high air 
^ares within Europe cut down 

So si/e, Mr John Moore, 
•Secretary of State for Trans- 
Tjfcpri. told the conference. 

**Wc want to break up the 
2n riels, abolish the monopo- 
lies. lift the restrictions and let 
i people fly”, he said when 
^replying to a motion calling on 
-»«hc Government to continue 
Pkc process of opening up the 
fiteansport industry to market 

; TIv Government must do 
Jeicryihing possible to ensure 
?&hai British airlines were al- 
jSowcd to compete, he said. 

S ♦ Europe might offer the best 
gwuspecis for progress in the 

.“We already have agree- 
"jponis with Holland. Belgium. 
Sttutzcrland. Germany and 
"^Luxembourg, agreements that 
Wrican more competition. 
J^florc serv ices, new- routes. 
•4dux*r fares. 

."“Bui this is only a start. We 
£hovc a task, a mission even, to 

lead the way to more and 
faircT competition in the air- 
ways of the world.” 

The Channel tunneL which 
he described as the most 
dramatic engineering project 
of the century, would bring 
more economic activity, more 
jobs and more scope for 
individual travel. Best of all, it 
would be fended by private 
money with no drain on the 

It was an achievement no 
Labour government would 
even contemplate, because 
they were so ideologically 
opposed to private enterprise 
and the jobs it brought 

Private money also funded 
the Dartford road bridge, an- 
nounced last week, which 
would provide 5.QGQ man- 
years or employment 

Mr Charles Hendry. Mans- 
field. moving the motion, said 
there were now 700 more 
long-distance bus routes than 
in 1980 before deregulation 
and. in many cases, the fares 
were still lower. 

The conference cheered a 
series of announcements by 
Mr Douglas Hurd, Home 
Secretary, of farther measures 
in the fight against crime. Bat 
the applause for those mea- 
sures was more restrained 
than the cheers for a repre- 
sentative who called for the 
return of capital punishment 
for the murder of prison 
officers and polioe officers. 

Mr Hurd announced that 
the Criminal Justice Bill 
would enable live video links 
for children to give evidence in 
child abuse cases without the 
distress of giviim evidence in 
the presence of the alleged 

The BUI would also oblige 
, courts to make compensation 
i orders against offenders. 

He said that £9 million 
, would be used to st rengt hen 
victim support schemes; that 
the establishment of Thames 
Valley, Kent and Essex police 
forces was being increased; 
and that he was seeking a way 
to reassure die public on the 
adequacy of sentences while 
recoocfliag that with die in- 
dependence of judges. 

The Home Secretary added 
that a new serious find office 
would be set np to prosecute 
complex frauds and that there 
would be a power to confiscate 
the profits of all crime. 

He is also to use more 
widely bis power to deport 
people when be. bettered it to 
be fa the national interest 

Mr Hard said that there 
was vast scope for preventing 
crime, particularly the 96 per 
cent that was against property. 

Mr Nigel Waterloo, Ham- 
mersmith, chairman of die 
Bow Group, moved a resolu- 
tion commending the Home 
Secretary on his support of the 
police in their difficult task 
and condemning those fa other 
parties who sought to condone 
lawlessness ana to undermine 
traditional standards .of 

He said the politics of envy 
as preached by the left was not 
far removed from condoning 

Dubbing anyone earning 
more than £25,000 a year as 
excessively wealthy was only 
one step removed from confis- 
catory taxation, which fa tarn 
was only one step from excus? 
tag the “free enterprise” tm- 
fiscatar who relieved them of 
their car or video. 

Mowing old people's lawns 
might be an appropriate sen- 
tence for some offenders, but 
others might regard ft as an 
encouragement to a life of 

In very serious cases a life 
sentence most mean what ft 
said. The rights of victims to 
compensation should he ex- 
tended and that should be 
made a prominent feature of 
the forthcoming Criminal Jns- 

Mr David J. Evans, chair- 
man of Lnton Town Football 
Chib, said he was sick and 
tired of seefag the nation 
depicted on television as a 
lawless rabble filled with soc- 
cer hooligans. H y commended 
to the Football League the 
Lnton '•members only” 

At the Lnton FC ground, 
once like many other sports 
grounds a place where decent 
people were not prepared to 
take their families, there were 
no more fences, police, horses, 
dogs and segregation. There 
was no more violence, no more 
obscene chanting. 

“The members scheme has 
identified and removed the 
bully from football at Luton 
and ft can remove the bully 
from all our football grounds”, 
be said. “1 say to football, 
whether they like ft or not, that 
the next move forward for 
them is a members scheme.” 

Mr Barry Field, par- 
liamentary candidate for the 
Isle of Wight, was loudly 
applauded when be said he 
could not understand why 
those who had taken life were ! 
allowed to live. The sooner the 
re introduction of capital pm- 
ishment was part of the 
Conservative Party .manifesto 
the better. 

Not only could Britain af- 
ford the Trident missile sys- 
tem to replace the Polaris 
nuclear deterrent, but to aban- 
don it and redress the balance 
with Russia by conventional 
forces would cost many umes 
more, Mr George Ymtoger. 
Secretary of State for Defence, 
said when replying to a debate 
on defence: 

“Only Trident will ensure 
that our deterrent remains 
effective” he said. 

Attacking Labour’s policy 

on defence, he said: “fa a fine 
flood of rhetoric. Mr Kinnock 
abandons the whole basic 
strategy of the West”. 

If an enemy threatened to 
use nuclear weapons against 
British troops, what would Mr . 
Kinnock do, he asked. Would 
he tell them to fight on and be 
wiped out, or surrender? * 

“He hasn't said and he , 
doesn't know." 

He could report that the i 
Forces were in good heart and j 
doing a professional job. For 
seven consecutive years the 
spending targets for defence 
had been met 

After outlining the equip- 
ment being used by the 
Forces, be said that they 
would shortly be ordering 
from British industry an iter 
proved model of the highly 
successful Rapier air defence 

Although Trident was a big 
programme, over the yeans the 
Government was paying for 
Trident it would spend twice 
as much on training and four 
times as much on British 
Forces in Germany. 

Britain's Nato partners 
looked to Britain for stability, 
leadership and common 

They would find it hard to 
believe their eyes and ears if a 
British government came 
along with a policy based on 
woolly emotion and the sort of 
demagogic claptrap heard at 
Blackpool last week. 

But the Conservative Party 
was the Government and was 
and would remain a reliable 

They would not abandon 
their fit ends and that included 
their closest afl, the United 
States (applause). - 

Moving the motion, which 
was carried unanimously,- Mr 
George Richey, Shrewsbury 
mid Atcham,- Said -that lay- 
person who put. forward pro- 
posals which might weaken 
the political integrity of Nato. 
was being incredibly ir- 

Nuclear weapons were not 
weapons of war. They were 
weapons of deterrence. It was 
on that moral basis that we 
deployed them. 

The motion supported the 
Government's defence policy 
which must continue to be 
based upon a a nationally 
controlled nuclear deterrent 
and effective conventional 
forces while attempting to 
achieve a balance reduction in 

Norman Fowler received his 
customary standing ovation 
yesterday. Since the .departure 
of Michael Heseftme there fa 
no other minister, with, the 
obvious exception of > Mid 
Thatcher herself, who., has 
been more consistently adept 
fa recent years at bringing the 
representatives to their feet; 

But this was no- -routine 

conference occasion. Tbe cfaiL 

tenge facing Mr Fowler-, fa 
critical to tbe govennaanfs 
future. If the Couservatne* 
are to win the next election 
they will have to erase the 
widespread suspidou that they 
are undermining and ufaecfc 
fag the health service. 

The extent of the' task fay, 
indicated somewhat pa ri id m tf 
cally by Mr Fowler right at the 
beginning of his speech when 
he referred prowfly m fee 
government's record. 

“More resources are- beiqg 
devoted, to health,” bo 'pro- 
claimed, “than at any stagefa 
the history of the herifli 
service.” Yet this guverimeitt 
is suffering more political 
embarrassment from Its && 
ore to do more than any other 
administration, fa the hfatory . 
of the service. 

Fart of the explanation fa 
that there can never be eatwk 
money to spend all that ooud 
be put to good use on health, 
and the gap inevitably be- 
comes wider as medical tech* 
oology develops. 

Familiarity breeds 

Another explanation is that 
more attention always tends to 
be attracted by the closure of 
old hospitals than - by the 
opening of new ones: famiffiair 
ity breeds reassmance. ; 

Then there is die belief, Si 
iu). means always 
that the greater resourcesof 
die service are not well mnftr 
aged. Time. and. again fafa 
bears it said to Conservative 
.politicians; „fa by-elections; 
v*oa a?ay be spending more 
ote 'the health service fa- 
together, . but ‘ you are ; net 
spending- ft car caring for 
patterns here.” 

- So there are tasks of persna- 
smv and of performance. Like 
Kenneth Baker on education 
the day before, Mr Fowler’s 
approach yesterday was essen- 
tially pragmatic, la both cues 
that seemed wise. 

Mr Fowler did not look to an 
extension of private medirfae 
for the salvation of tbe.beaftfc 
service. I believe tint thereto 
coatinning and probably 
expanding role for, private 

jK.u.cvc^uaitfHreicuuLuuuui ^ Ihfa country, 

the levels of afl weapons of doS^thepHc 


It was bring seriously pro- 
posed that this country, from 
its present position in Nato, 
should throw away its own 
nuclear capability. The idea 
that that would not have a 
devastating effect on Western 
Europe was extraordinary. 

Lucas dispute 
says minister 


Mr John Moore: Freeing the airways for the people. 


The Lucas dispute halting 
Rover Group car production 
was “very distressing”. Mr 
Paul Channoo, Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry, 
said yesterday. Mr Channon. 
speaking after trying out a new 
Jaguar at the Conservative i 
Party conference in Bourne- | 
mouth, said: “I don’t want to 
get involved in the details of a 
dispute with another company 
but obviously it’s very dis- 
tressing”. He rejected the 
suggestion that the lay-offs 
boded ill for the long-term 
future of the company. 

Ridley promises more 
dty development bodies 

Walker taunts Labour oyer its nuclear policy 

Mr Peter Walker. Secretary 
of State for Fnerg>, taunted 
the Labour Party over its 
decision at its conference last 
week to phase out nuclear 
energy in Britain. 

“IVhaf about the morality of 
ir all?" he asked the con- 
ference. “You say: ‘Nuclear is 
not safe so you will have to put 
up with it for another 20 
> ears'. 

**tf it is not sfae they should 
have said they would stop ft 
straight away. If it were not 
safe we would stop it straight 
away” he said amkl cheers. 

Only a party infiltrated by 
tbe loony left could adopt such 
a policy on nuclear energy. 
The Labour Pasty planned to 
get rid of nuclear energy at the 
very time that North Sea ofl 
would be running oat. 

Energy prices would soar 
under Labour. Prices would be 
disastrous for the gas industry. 

the cement and chemical in- 
dustries, for the . paper in- 
dustry. Probably at least 

another 100,000 would be 


Of course, after the Cher- 
nobyl disaster, Britain needed 
desperately to hare inter- 
national standards of regula- 
tion, of safety and inspection. 
But no such design of reactor 
would have been allowed fa 

How could Mr Arthur 
Scargill say that the nation 
must abolish nuclear energy in 
tbe interests of health and 
safety, yet go to Moscow again 
after tbe Russians had an- 
nounced that they intended 
doubling their unclear power 

Did Mr Scargill condemn 
bis Soviet friends for jeop- 
ardizing the safety and health 
of the Soriet people? 

Labour had got unity at its 

conference at a price: for the 
first time Labour would go into 
the next election on a policy of 
nuclear disarmament, a policy 

the British Telecom flotation. 

The conference passed by an 
overwhelming majority a mo- 
tion commending to the Gov- 

that would bring pleasure only eminent a halaiw^i energy 
to Moscow; another price was policy utilizing all available 

the sop to Mr Scargill and the 
Labour left on energy policy. 

Mr Walker told repre- 
sentatives, to a standing ova- 
tion: u When it anas to the 
next election .we will thrash 
the socialists as never before”. 

Earlier, he said that fa the 
few weeks since the public 
were informed bow they could 
get details of the issne of 
British Gas shares, applica- 
tions had been coming iu at the 
rate of 4,000 an hour, 24 hours 
a day. Hie rate had improved 
since the Labour conference. 

By the time the Conser- 
vative conference was over 
there would have been twice as 
many applications as were 
received fa tbe entire period of 

feel sources and means of 
reducing energy waste. The 
motion emphasized that safety 
was paramount 

Mr Eric Pickles, of Keigh- 
ley. moving the motion, said 
they must not condemn their 
children to a lower standard of 
living than existed today. He 
did not want children's lives to 
be held to ransom by the 
National Union of Mine- 

Mrs Joaa North, of Wo- 
kingham, spoke against die 
motion. She said: “1 do not 
think tbe sheep fa Cumbria 
care where the radioactivity 
came from. 

“This is not a national 
problem bur a global problem. 

However safe we may be, tbe 
nuclear safety chain is only as 
safe as its weakest link.” 

Talk of safety was like that 
aboeta man (ailing from a tail 
building and saying as be 
passed each floor “Safe so 

• Labour's energy spokes- 
man. Mr Stan Orme, said that 
Mr Walker's speech raised 
the question of whether tbe 
Government had an energy 
policy at all (our Political 
Reporter writes). 

The speech contained “no 
proposals, no content — sim- 
ply political abuse”, he said. 

“Peter Walker has often 
rebuked Norman Tebbit for ; 
attacking his opponents rather 
than talking about policy. I 
Today Peter Walker de- ! 
scehded to tbe depths of 
standard Tebbit abuse. Out- 
side the Tory Party conference 
no one will be impressed.” 

■ More Urban Development 
Corporations will be created 
within two years, Mr Nicholas 
Ridley, Secretary of State for 
the Environment, announced 
to the conference. 

He also told representatives 
that local authorities would be 
made to put more services out 
to competitive tender and that 
rates reform would be the top 
priority in the next Pari- 

ia rcienL 

Mr Ridley, in a debate on 
local government, said the 
first four UDCs would be in 
TrafFord in Greater Manches- 
ter on Teesside; in the Black 
Country; and in Tyne and 

The setting up of more 
UDCs would be considered as 
resources allowed. 

“They will all have powers 
to redevelop and rebuild -both 
the fabric and the prosperity 
of these areas", he said. De- 
cades ‘of socialist rule, com- 
bined with the changing 
patterns of industry, had left 
some of the older industrial 
cities in dereliction and decay. 

Putting services out to com- 
petition boosted the private 
sector, enterprise and jobs. It 
broke the monopoly of the 
public sector. Services were 
run for the benefit of the 
consumer rather than the 

Mr Ridley promised legisla- 
tion “very soon” to make local 
authorities put about eight 
mote services out to compet- 
itive tender. The list would 
include refuse collection, 
street cleaning, building clean- 
ing, catering, ground and ve- 
hicle maintenance. 

ratepayers*, money pumping 
out vile propaganda and they 
employed each other in highly 
paid non^obs. 

Militants and their sort 
knew that their power de- 
pended on perpetuating the 
cycle of deprivation, un- 
employment and dependence. 

The Government would 
take earty action to ensure that 
legislation banning propa- 
ganda on the rates was fully 

The Government could go 
on legislating until it had a 
framework of law within 
which abuses could be con- 
tained, with more central con- 
trol, or it could make local 
authorities fully accountable 
to their electors. 

■ The Government had cho- 
sen local democratic ac- 
countability. So its main 
proposal was to replace 
domestic rates with the 
community charge. Everyone 
over 18 would pay it 

After receiving government 
grant, and their share of the 

and private sectors are 
brought together the better. 
But it is the NHS that wiD 
continue to provide medical 
care for most people and it 'fa 
there that the political chal- 
lenge lies. . 

repeating the total jsfahi-fffa 
are sprat .on the., serrict. 
Otberwise there would not he 
such a political problem today. 
People have to he penwuled 
that the money is berag nsedfs 
make more facilities available 
for the treatment of them and 
their families. 

. Mr Fowler responded to this 
challenge by referring not jest 
to die sources hut to actions -^ 
to the list of new hospitals 
I bring built, to the number, of 
1 particular operations bring 

-performed now compared- with 

•a tew years ago, to tariietsJsr 
the more and-zto -his pro- 
pamine for catting- waiting 

Sofa pies, this seems 
entirely the right approach. 
The correct, -yardstick for 
measuring health care must b« 
performance hot just the 
a mo u nt of money spent Mr 
Fowler was transforming 
financial statistics into terms 
of meiljcal treatment. 

But the public wffl not be 
reassured . simply ' hy' r the 
publication of national figures, 
whether of money sprat., or 
hospitals built or. operations 
performed. Mr FPwler cofad 
not be expected fa a conference 
speech to provide more local 
detail than he did yesterday. 
But in the months ahead Ire 
and his ministers will need to 

unified business rate, councils’ “* will need to 

extra spending would have to 

be paid for pound for pound “ faff««*p*rtsof 

^JhecommunUy charge they ® " iB 


. The conference overwhelm- 

this political batik. 

There also remains tbe snb- 

ingly earned a motion uiSng 

the Government to take the ■ of the sere 


power iu local government. 

Hecondemned the “loony 
left” councils. Many spent 

Today’s agenda SSW« 

The conferewewili debate pre<l 5 c ‘*S (l \ B ' rt 
uxtay food Sd LZt* 
employment, economicpoijcy “,* s * ra 

and laxaiion. rales and rating 
overseas affaire mos 

environment. ' feature of Mr-Foi 

meet board, with" fee 
new . munster," .-Tony 
Newton, as its chainmta.- fail 

Reports by Robert Morgan, John Winder, Howard Underwood, Derek Barnett and Peter Mulligan 

x. .... 

fare 1 more happily than - its 
predecessor. Buffer the mo- 
ment effective management 
remains an .aspiration rather 
than an achieveme nt , . 

Yet the most -Important 
feature of Mr^ Fowler's speed* 
was that like other ministers 
this week be was looking to. the 
future rather tban fainfay jus- 
tifying the past 


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Bonus schemes 
boost increase 




ByBerek Hams, Industrial Editor 

iS-W Shanes have 

in feho n and a 7 6 pcr cent rfee 



pwnimunerauon rise by up 


mS^t? end flexible 

geared to. the 

with bonusaiifcj?, co ™ pany ’ ccnt m H* P»si 12 months. 
boS^S^^ schem ? s - Averege salaries of man 
the inaeases m mg directors in the 12 moni™ 

, “> July were £43^)14, a 14 per 

vev annual sur- omt increase, and 98 percent 

” d 113(1 3 ^cwnpany «r. The 
terror h^rl?’ rel ^ sc d yes- average for oiherdirectors was 

SS?h JUS1 “**■ OMM. tm g per 

pan of Inbucon cent nse. 

tore, and other directors, now 
get bonuses, compared with 
40 per cent or less in 1981. 
Overall, 44 per cent of exec- 
utives enjoy bonuses, com- 
pared with 36 percent in 1981. 

Schemes forgiving shares to 
executives, as a form of de- 
ferred- pay. have shown a big 
increase. In 1981. 17 per cent 
or executives were included in 
share schemes, but the propor- 
tion rose to 48 percent in 1985 
and was mamiamedat 47 per 

pan oj moucon 

Management Consultants, 

■^P^ted a slowing j n the rale 
executive salary rises Uuhe 
12 months to last July, afteran 
increase of 50 per cent in the 
Previous 12 months. But that 

Xtan. “ 

Another influem» was that 
r P^ cent of executive salaries 
increased by 20 per cent or 
more in the past 12 months. 
Mr Don McClune, ISR man- 
B&er, said that this was not so 
much to do with mucfr-publi- 
azed high salaries in the City 
or London, but that some 
companies were bow doing 
extremely well 
Mr McClune said high bo- 
nuses were also being paid. 

Financial executives av- 
eraged £24,131 (up g.5 per 
cent) and cost ac c ount a nts 
£15,647 (up 6.5 per cent). 
Chief engineers’ salaries av- 
eraged £17,591, but although 
40 per cent got bonuses, those 
averaged only £1,602 com- 
pared with an average of 
£3,042 for all executives. 

Production executives, 
including those in quality 
controL were paid an average 
of £20,599, with bonuses of 
£2^ 55, w hile 80 per cent had 
company cats. Company sec- 
retaries averaged £29,908, a 
rise of 14 per cent, and 86 per 
cent had company cars. 

1986 Survey of Executive Sal- 
aries and Fringe Benefits 
(Iubocon Management ConsuJ- 

wiih one comnanv 'riavhw t“*««^.«™a»aneni umsui- 

« n ooo^&^ 3STSS 

une tn two managing dnec- !RN;£1S0 )l 


iSs ‘i&J 

General Mana^rs 

Company Secretaries 

Personnel Executives 

Training Executives 

Financial Executives 

Cost Accountants 





Production Executives. 
Chief Engineers. 

Production Gontrelara. 

Production Engtoeers 

Qua% Contrail Executives. 

OistrSxition Executives. 
Purchasing ExeculivBS . 

Sales Executives . 

Export Sales ExecuSves. 

Heads of Data Prbcesshg- 
All Jobs ■■ ■■ 






























- 73 
- 10,1 



2 A 




The House of Lords hut night 
threw out by 176 votes to 52, a 
Government majority of 124, 
the contention by Leri Du- 
olng, former Master of the Rolls, 
that the European Communities 
(Amendment) Bill would se- 
verely c^maD the sovereign pow- 
ers of Parliament and of the 

Conservative,- Liberal, SDP 
and even some Labour peers ah 
came down heavily against him 
in debate and in the lobbies, die 
principle argument being that 
mutilation of the Bill which 
gives legislative effect to the 
Single European Act, would be 
viewed with utter dismay by 
other member states. 

Lady Young, MbusterdfState 
for Foreign and Cornmonweahh 
Affaire, in calling for the rejec- 
tion of the series of amendments 
that - Lord Denning had ad- 
vocated, said it made sense to 
relieve the maun -European 
Court of some of its. wortload, 
jhe new courts of first- instance 
being proposed .would take on 
that burden but would not take 
on new work, nor would they 
have new powcts. 

Lord Denning, former Master of 

MAinmi Kicnmnuk 

The formal adoption of any 
single joiae of these amendments 

Lorn ueuiwa*. mnuta nwom «« “ 

the Rolls, in moving his amend- bang 

ments. including one to prohibit Loitl 

mints nttiDfl in the (Labi 

in spite of the fact that it was 
believed by the Government to 
be in the' interests of tins 

ft would mean our partners in 
tbe Community would go ahead 
without us and this could even- 
tually necessitate our with- 
drawal from the Community. 
Lord Campbell of AUmny (C) 
said they all owed sovereignty to 
the Queen but also to some 
surrender of sovereignty to 
make the European system 
work. If they passed the amend- 
ments other states would won- 
der if the UK. was in or out and 
whether tbe UKwas up to its old 
tricks again. ~ 

Lady EUes (Q.- a Vice President 
of the European Parhamem,, 
said they should be thankful for ] 
a Community based on the rule 
of law and that British subjecrys I 
should have rights before the I 
European CourL-Tbese courts of I 
fust instance would benefit [ 
British subjects and not be to | 
their detriment. 
Visc omtt Caldecote (Q said | 

Bill was. not fnUy considered m 
the Commons. The foitish pub- 
lic -did not realize what was 
bang done m their name. 

menu, MM— IV -- - r-, ---- 

European courts atojgmje 
UK and accord British subjects 
the overriding projection of 
Endish law, argued that the Bui 
was needed because of the vast 
workload of the European Court 
which was threatening to over- 
whelm it- . 

Consequently, it «as pro- 
nosed to estabfidi a number of 
[pww, attached, courts of first 
instance, to lake over soroeof 
this wort. But these courts 
would wort on European lines, 

which the Engloh Court of 

Appeal had already stated were 
dissimilar to English procedure 
and wo® administrative^ rather 

(jhan judicial. They <«enqi» 
itive and not adversarial^ 

— question I seek to raise 
is. arc the subjects of 
die Qumi to be 

compelled ior 

defences, to go lOveri dto 

l0 courts, manned by^Eiq^ 

ai S w wri ry 
(Lab) said be supported the Bill 
and opposed - the amendments. 
He was disappointed at the 
ambivalence - of the Labour 
Party over membership of the 
EEX. The Bill was an inevitable 
as it was desirable. Tbe com- 
pletely autonomous slate was 

Lord Demdng said be was not 
seeking to wreck the EEC or 
European law. AH he was sayong 
was that when there was a 
dispute, let it be de c id e d by 
Enbglish courts. 

Lord Brace of Douingtoa (Lab) 
said the 1 1972 Act under which 

her - 


i udg£S wi — — 

constitution, the “W C e and 

that reason the courts were set 


Sr“?h?S«s ortrf- Uy 


Thai was their intenuon. 

on the basis -that Bntisb 
mterestes would be protected by 
the veoto. Now the veto would 
be useless. 

Lady Young, implying to tbe 
df b"*g . said the new courts 
would not bear cases brought by 
member states nor would they 
bear cases brought by institu- 
tions of the Community or any 
referred to the European Court 
of Justice by. national courts. 

There could be no question of 
the powers of the courts beh 
changed under the propost 
provisions. Such substantial 
change could only-be made_oy 
changes to the treaty requiring 
unanimous agreement of mem- 
ber states raid- also of national 

U would be logical for the 
attached courts tosii in Luxem- 
bourg and tha'r jurisdiction 
would be no grater than. the 
e xisting Courts of Justice. 

Parliament today 
Lords (2.30); . Housing and I 

BilL committee 

> iV. • v .**4 ■ «* J# w .- • v, v . . 

rf ,<h' • ' - * ■% 

A Caialma flying boat tak- 
ing off yesterday on the first 
leg (da return trip. to Canada* 
less than five months after 
Sinking u Plymouth harbour 
(Harvey EDiett writes). 

The flying boat was one of 
two an a transatlantic trip to 
mark the seventy-fifth an- 
niversary of US -naval avi- 
ation. BnOt in 1944 and fitted 
with lux u r i ous pigskin, leather 
and wood interior, she yawed 
sharply to the right on land- 
ing, hit a channel buoy, tore off 
part of a wing tip and settled in 
the water.. - 

Since then Ray Barnard, a 
Canadian engineer, has wor- 
ked almost non-stop to set -the 

aircraft into frying 
Helped by engineers from the 
Royal Naval Air Station at 
YeovHton, he has been forced 
to rip out the interior and fit 
new wing tips. - • 

Yesterday she made a per- 
fect fake off. piloted by the 
man who flew her in, Canadian 
basmessman Bob Franks. 

Travel for disabled 

Airlines miss a vast market 

By Harvey Elliott, Air Correspondent 

Airlines are to be ui^ed to 
tap into a vast market of 
potential passengers which, h 
is claimed, they are now 
largely ignoring — disabled ' 

A conference organized by 
the Royal Association for 
Disability and Rehabilitation 
later this month will draw up 
proposals aimed at making 
flying easier for people in 
wheelchairs, the blind and the 

Mr George Wilson, directin’ 
of the association, said yes- 
terday: “There . are literally 
millions of disabled people 
worldwide who would like to 
travel by air and are well able 
to afford it, but they are being 

prevented from doing so.” 

All airlines will be urged to 
follow the lead of British 
Airways in installing wheel- 
chairs on aircraft which can be 
used to take disabled people to 
lavatories on long flights. 

“Things are much better 
now than they were.” Liz 
Fan shaw, Director of the Dis- 
abled Living Foundation, 
said, “but there is still a long 
way to go. The main problem 
is that aircraft and airports are 
designed with narrow aisles 
and very small toilets, steps 
and other impediments.” 

• Air fores between London 
and Dublin have been frozen 
by the Irish government and 
an independent Irish airline 

has been permitted to use jets 
on its Dublin to Luton route. 
Mr Jim Mitchell. Irish 
communications minister, re- 
jected an application by Aer 
Lingus. British Airways and 
Dan Air to increase their Apex 
fares on the Dublin to London 

At the same time he gave 
permission to the independent 
airline, Ryanair, to use jets on 
the Dublin to Luton route, 
introduced four months ago 
with an unrestricted return 
fare of £90. The unrestricted 
return fare offered by the main 
airlines is £1 90. 

Ryanair is also hoping to 
start services between Cork 
and Luton and Shannon and 

are put 
on UN 

By John Goodbody 

British international sea an- 
glers have been caught fishing 
in South Africa ana are to be 
included on the United Na- 
tions sporting blacklist 

The South African Non- 
Racial Olympic Committee 
yesterday confirmed that [9 
men are on the list to be 
published in a fortnight The 
move will effectively bar them 
from competing in about 50 

The National Anglers 
Council (NAC) and the Na- 
tional Federation of Sea An- 
glers said they would be 
inquiring into the Britons' 
participation in competitions 
in March last year. 

Mr Peter Tombleson. NAC 
executive director, said yes- 
terday; “We did not know 
anything about this event but I 
know we did not apply for any 
grant aid for the competitors 
to go to South Africa-” 

Mick Toomer, from Basil- 
don. Essex, who won the 
individual title for a series of 
three events, each held over 
three days, said the 18 
Englishmen and one man 
from Northern Ireland had 
gone as individuals. He 
agreed, however, that they had 1 
appeared as England teams. 

Mr Toomer said they paid 
for flights but the 'South 
Africans met some expenses 
during the three-week stay. 

Hopes for 
new era as 
are freed 

By Tnidi McIntosh 

Lord Avebury, chairman of 
the British Parliamentary Hu- 
man Rights Group, said yes- 
terday that he hoped the 
release of the two Soviet 
dissident human rights ac- 
tivists. Dr Yuri Orlov and. Dr 
Vladimir Brodsky, would hep- 
aid a new era of free discussion 
between the Soviet Union and 
the West on peace and 

In a letter to Dr Brodsky, 
ed 42. who is now in Ismd 
after being released from a 
Soviet labour - camp last ' 
month. Lord Avebury, wrote: 
“Unfommaiely. campaigning 
for peace in the USSR is still a 
criminal offence, unless those 
concerned are prepared to 
adhere to the Soviet line.” 

Dr Brodsky, a Jewish phy- 
sician, was sentenced last year 
to three years in prison for his 
involvement in the Soviet 
peace movement. 

In 1982 he founded the 
“Group to Establish Trust 
between the Soviet Union and 
the United Slates'* in Moscow 
with two others, but a year 
later he was dismissed from 
his job and later imprisoned 
on charges of hooliganism. 

Dr Orlov, aged 62, who was 
serving a five-year term of 
interna] banishment in Si- 
beria, arrived with his wife, 
Irina, in the United Slates last 

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Asians and blacks not 
treated fairly in legal 
profession, says author 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

Asian and black members of ftill-time judiciary. Very few 
me legal profession are being tribunal chairmen are blade or 
prevented from advancing Asian, but the Lord 


their careers because oi 
>d*n practices, it is claimed 
m the Christian Action Jour- 

Mrs Elizabeth Burney, au- 
thor of a book on the mag- 
istracy, says in the Journal 
that there are 800 QCs but 
none is of black or Asian 

'She Says it is “scandalous” 
that ethnic minorities are 
suffering from the same sort of 
prejudices that women faced 
until recently. 

There are still only 19 
women QCs and she believes 
discrimination is going to take 
a long time to be wonted out 
of the system. 

.Among circuit judges only 
one. Judge Singh, is of ethnic 

There are 14 women circuit 
judges and five tribunal chair- 
men — the lowest rank of the 

Chancellor’s Office says more 
are being actively sought. 

Mrs Burney, who is writing 
in an issue of the Journal 
edited by the Prison Reform 
Trust, says: “Given the exis- 
tence of at least 300 black and 
Asian practising barristers, 
many of long years experience, 
their lack of advancement is 
nothing short of scandalous, 
as the Bar itself now 

“Racist practices within the 
legal profession have so lim- 
ited their opportunities to gain 
experience that very few have 
reached a position in their 
careers where they can be 
considered for judicial posts. 

“Just as women barristers 
found until very recently, 
black and Asian barristers are 
only offered work that is seen 
as “suitable’ for them. This 
means criminal work for black 

defendants, usually 
black solicitors.” 

The Bar Council set up its 
own inquiry which acknowi 
edged the existence of 
discrimination against black 
barristers and subsequently 
monitoring machinery has 

The Bar Council and the 
Law Society hope to fund a 
long-term research project on 
blade access to and progress 
within the legal profession. 

“It wiD be many years 
before all this bears fruit in a 
fair proportion of black and 
Asian judges,” Mrs Burney 

She cites research on black 
magistrates written by Mi- 
chael King and Colin May and 
published by the Cobden 
Trust. It says: “The chances of 
a black defendant appearing 
before a black magistrate in 
areas where there is a sizeable 
black community range be- 
tween 3 and 21 per cent.” 

Employers fight prejudice 

Race, sex and age 
discrimination by employers 
are causes of social unrest and 
disillusionment, the Institute 
of Personnel Management 

Yesterday it unveiled an 
equal opportunities code of 
practice, which suggests ways 
of preventing all types of 
discrimination, that are still 
rife in society. 

The institute hopes its 
28,000 members will use the 
pamphlet as a guideline for 
fairer recruitment of staff. 

, A spokesman said: “These 
policies should ensure that the 
most effective use is made of 
all human resources and help 
prevent the unpleasant results 
of discrimination at work. 

“Discrimination has cre- 

By Angella Johnson 

a led a lot of tension in our 
inner dry areas.” 

The pamphlet indudes ad- 
vice on recruitment processes, 
promotion and bow to deal 
with complaints of 

Employers are encouraged 
to set targets for recruitment, 
which should include employe 
ing people from different ra- 
cial and age groups. 

The institute says people in 
their forties and fifties have 
become the lastest victims of 
discrimination, because of a 
myth that they cannot easily 
learn new skills. 

To combat this the code 
states: “Those responsible for 
in-house training and retrain- 
ing, programmes should rec- 
ognize that older workers can 

still acquire and retain new 
knowledge and skills.” 

During the next 12 months 
the institute will monitor im- 
plementation of the code and 
intends compiling a further 
code of guidelines next year. 

The code has been wel- 
comed by Mr Peter Newsam, 
chairman of the Commission 
for Racial Equality. He de- 
scribed it as a positive attempt 
to encourage die employment 
of people from ethnic min or- 

“Personnel managers have 
a key role in starting off equal 
opportunity programmes and 
m making sure that new 
initiatives are taken to deal 
with any inequality which 
may be _ identified in their 
organization," he said. 

firm seeks 

By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs . 

Legal insurance companies 
are attempting; to provide legal 
advice to die panic alongside 
citizens’ advice bureaux and , 
law centres if die Government 
goes ahead with proposals to 
take that job away from 

In its response to the Lord 
Chancellor’s Department, 

which is condderim the pro- 
posals, the Legal Protection 
Group, one of me ™j n i* g»l 
insurance companies, says it is 
in a “unique position to give 
the type of advice normally 
given by CAJBs and law 

For a number of years, 
says, it has been providing 
ral telephone advice. 

A team of government of- 
ficials has recommended in a 
legal aid scrutiny report that 
free legal advice on a wide 
range of civil matters could be 
provided by advice centres. 
Solicitors would still do the 
court work. 

But the team has not looked 
at the possibility of a commer- 
cial organization such as the 
Legal Protection Group 
competing lor work. 

The service offered by the 
group could form part of the 
overall system to be co- 
ordinated by the imposed new 
Legal Services Board, it says. 

Clients who have legal ex- 
penses insnraiice with the 
group have access to legafly- 
qnalified consultants who 
work on a rota basis 24 hours a 
day, it says. Calls tend to be 
from people involved hi road 
accidents; relatives of people 
arrested and people wanting 
advice with domestic disputes 
or finandaJ difficulties. 

The scrutiny team recom- 
mends that legal aid farads bo 
longer be available for advice 
on wills, probate, conveyanc- 
ing or anything else which can 
be described as “arranging 
one’s own affairs”. 

.■vXSTi *, . "SH 

V ‘Vj" r 1 : -y-f 1 - 
ijj.*.: :: .*.... vfr» , s 

— -■ 

Dr Peter Tomlinson with a miniature t ransmitte r demonstrating radio-assisted practice with 
Miss Helen O’Coffey, a fourth-year student. 

Radio advice for 
student teachers 

. By Mark Dowd, Edncation Reporter 

Forty teaefao- trainees at radio-assisted practice sets 
Leeds University School of costing about £600 each. 

Education' are about to be- 
come radio-controlied in an 
1 8-monih experiment that 
may revolutionize t rainin g 

Radio-assisted practice 
(Rap), a £42,000 project 
funded by the Economic and 
Social Research Council, per- 
mits a discreet contact be- 
tween educational supervisor 
and student during school 

Teaching students will wear 
a miniaturized earpiece re- 
ceiver which will pick up 
advice and guidance from the 
intruder at the back of the 
classroom. The instructor’s 
tiny transmitter can be 
strapped to a finger. 

Dr Peter Tomlinson, who is 
directing the project, con- 
ceded that “rapping” had to be 
skilful to be effective. 

Most trainees, he said, knew 
about good teaching methods 
but often forgot to implement 
them in the heat of the 
classroom. The role of the 
project supervisor would be to 
consolidate theory by offering- 
reminders with well-timed 

For example, one of the 
common pitfalls among train- 
ees was the tendency to throw 
out unspecific questions. 

The question which begins: 
“Who can tell me often 
provoked no reaction from 
children. Dr Tomlinson said. 

o— - WU, 4^1 IVIUIAIUUU .VMl yl- 

The School of Education at- Pupils were also apt to stare at 
Leeds has between 10 and IS 1116 ceiling if the teacher 

~ continues to say, “Do you 


Should trainees persist in 
those errors the supervisor 
* might simply say “check 
name” to remind them to 
direct their questions to 

The system is also intended 
to compliment trainees when 
they perform positively. Dr 
Tomlinson recalled an in- 
stance of a teacher receiving 
the message, “good ignore” 
after she refused to 'counte- 
nance disruption. 

PC loses 
job over 

By Craig Setoo 

A police marksman who 
accidentally shot a woman 
constable in the leg with a wax 
training pellet has been forced 
to resign. 

PC Graham Rees, aged 28, 
was “required to resign” from 
the West Midlands police after 
a bearing before Mr Geoffrey 
Dear, the Chief Constable, 
this week. 

PC Rees, a member of the 
West Midlands tactical fire- 
arms squad, was on aimed 
security duties at Binnnraham 
International Airport when a 
wax training pellet fired from 
a J8 revolver hit WPC El- 
eanor Bird in the leg. 

WPC Bird was forced to 
take three days side leave after 
ibe incident, which was the 
result of a prank. 

PC Rees, married with two 
children, was suspended from 
duty, but the Director of 
Public Prosecutions decided 
that no criminal proceedings 
should be taken against him. 

The incident, in the locker 
room at the airport, happened 
nine months after another 
West Midlands police marks- 
man, PC Brian Chester, ac- 
ci dentally shot dead John 
Sharthouse, aged five, during 
a raid on a Birmingham 

PC Chester was acquitted of 


for missile 

By Xan Smith .- 
Planning permission for a 
new missile early, wanting 
system to replace the ausiihg 
radar domes at Fylingdhleson 
the North Yorkshire moots 
was reluctantly granted by 
National Park guardians 

The controversial project is 
to be discussed ai the coming 
US-Soviet summit m lcdafkl"' 
Within five years The three 
Fylingdales domes wfl] be 
replaced by a 120ft' high 
truncated pyramid with a 
single radar satellite commu- 
nications disc on top, capable 
of tracing objects w a -360 
degree spread over a distance 
of 6,000 miles. 

The present radar system 
covers only .190 degrees. The 
new equipment, finked to 
similar complexes in Alaska 
and Greenland, wifi be able to 
plot missiles fired from any 
part of the world. . 

The development has been 
strongly criticized by a Wash- 
ington lawyer, Mr John 
Rhinelander, who was legal- 
adviser to the United States 
team which negotiated the 
1972 atiti-ballistic missile 
treaty between the United- 
Stales and the Soviet Union. 

Mr Rhinelander insists the 
new “phased - array” radars 
will lead Fylingdales towards 
Star Wars technology and win 
violate the treaty. 

In a letter presented to the 
North Yorkshire Moors Na- 
tional Park Development 
Committee yesterday, the 
Ministry of Defence said that 
the Fylingdales project was 
merely a modernization of 
existing resources and con- 
formed fully with US treaty 

By 19 votes to 4. members 
of the committee rejected 
demands' for a public' inquiry" 
into the £125 million project 
on the edge of their moors 
which wifi be controlled by the 
ministry, funded by the 
United States and run by foe 
Royal Air Force. 

Among those calling for a 
public inquiry were the Coun- 
cil .for. National Parks, the 
Council for the Protection of 
Rural England, Leeds City 
Council, the Ramblers’ 
Association and the Open 
Spaces Society. 

Few public objections have 
been raised, possibly because 
the notice dedaring the 
ministry's plans was posted on 
a board 25 yards inside the 
Fylingdales site, where a large 
red sign warns trespassers off. 

Vienna in 1900 comes into its own 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent . .. 

dose Convent and it may have been 
collaborator. List was a co- included. 

What if the bank 

that likes to say yes, 

says no? 

Viennese painting came 
into its own at Sotheby’s 
yesterday with its first special- 
ist picture sale. Called “Vi- 
enna- 1880-1930”, the sale 
achieved a new level of prices, 
malting a total of £982,520 
with 14 per cent left unsold. 

Mr Alex Absis, Sotheby’s 
Viennese painting expert, 
commented afterwards: “And 
this is only the beginning.” 

Exhibitions in Venice, Paris 
and New York have recently 
demonstrated that Vi enna in 
about 1900 was in the fore- 
front of artistic development 

pie top price yesterday was 
£88,000 (estimate £40,000 to 
! £60,000) for “Night Rises 
From the Sea” by Wilhelm 
List, showing a girl with 
flowing hair rising from fines 
of silver waves. 

While Klimt was the best 
known Viennese artist of the 

founder of the Vienna Seces- 
sion group and his great talent 
was demonstrated by yes- 
terday’s sale. His 1908 “View 
of foe Lunzereee” .went to 
Marlborough Hue Art at 
g^500 ) (estimate £20.000 to 

The bargain of foe sale was 
probably List’s self-portrait 
with his brother, painted in 
foe year foe Secession was 
w hich fetched 
£17,600. A repetition of the 
striking double portrait, pain- 
ted a year later, is in the 
Austrian national collection in 
foe Vienna Belvedere. 

A very early Egon Schiele, 
Dome of Klostern- 
euburg Convent by Night” of 
^77,000 (estimate 
£60,000 to £80,000). Schiele’s 
first -exhibition was held at the 

' “Somnium Juventutis", 
Gottlieb von Hartenkamp 
the misty head and shoulder 
of a girl clutching* red rose ti 
her bosom, secured £46201 
(estimate £15,000 to £20,000) 
It was still not a high price fbi 
an outstanding Symbolist pic 

Guildford Museum wa 
among the successful bidder 
at a Glendining’s coin sale or 
Tuesday afternoon. It spen; 
£2,420 (estimate £1,000) for a 
penny made at the Guildford 
mint during foe reign ol 
William the Conqueror, an 
extreme rarity. It came from 
foe third and last auction from 
foe famous Elmore Jones 
collection of Norman and 
rantaganet coins and made 
£48,301, with every Jot finding 
a buyer. 

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US Senate accuses top 
Russian in United 
Nations of being a spy 

From Michael Rinyon, Washington 

Ad m misira li'n 5 ° rthe V s The report also said the 
that manv Si ■“"■M" recently-exposed spy cases 
Sovin i [«■ the had caused damage “far 

»ons United Na_ greater than anyone in the US 

i in _ e - United Na- 

t'ons Mission are engaging in 
*PU n & the Senate SeS 


chinf rep0 ?, «ffi* for bread 
changes in US coumer-inielli- 
gence programmes, the com- 
m uee did not name the man. 

X„ Sen0r L Javier de 

S25 U>J Secretary- 
on P n ?‘i, has lw ° ^Slants, 
K^« f -V ,hom ,s Mr Vladimir 
Kolesnikov. a Soviet citizen. 

i he report said; “The KGB 

it* 5 ^eeeded in infiltrating 
f ,s °rficers into the UN 
bureaucracy, with somereach- 
‘ng positions of authority. The 
KGB has held the position of 
assistant to the Secretary Gen- 
PJ* s ' nce Vi htor Lesiovsky 
ncld the post under U ThanL 
i he current assistant is a KGB 
Lmna expert. “ 

The Senate report was based 
information gathered by 
- S intelligence agencies that 
has been declassified for pub- 
lic release. 

Government has yet acknowl- 
edged publicly". 

It said this had cost billions 
of dollars. But the US nil] bad 
a totally inadequate pro- 
gramme to combat “expand- 
ing hostile intelligence 
operations" against the US. 

“Our committee found a 
security system paralyzed by 
bureaucratic inertia, with little 
ability to bridge the gaps 
between agencies or between 
different security disciplines 
Tike personnel security and 
computer security," said Sen- 
ator David Doren burger, the 
committee's Republican 

The report also strongly 
criticized leaks of information 
by the Administration, saying 
these were “so commonplace 
as to imperil many sensitive 
programmes and operations". 

The report will strengthen 
calls for the US to take a 
tougher line, especially over 
spying by Soviet UN officials 
and members of the three 
Soviet UN missions. 

It says about 450 Soviet 
citizens in the US, posing as 
official representatives, are 
really intelligence agents, and 
calls for reductions In the 
numbers allowed to serve in 
the Soviet Embassy, con- 
sulates and UN missions. 

As pan of the package (teal 
to free Mr Nicholas Daniloff, 
the Administration agreed to 
delay the deadline by which 
the 25 Soviet UN mission 
members had to leave. 

Some 14 have already gone, 
.but 11. considered to be the 
top intelligence officers. stiD 
remain, and Moscow is resist- 
ing pressure for them to leave. 

The issue is expected to be 
raised at the Reykjavik 

They are said to indude the 
head of the KGB in New 
York, identified as Mr Valery 
Savchenko, and the head of 
the GRU. the Soviet military 
intelligence agency, identified 
as Mr Vladislav Skvortsov. 

Within the Administration, 
Mr George Shultz, the Sec- 
retary of State, is said to have 
argued strongly in favour of 
delaying the expulsion order. 

Tamil geurrillas dig in 
despite village set-back 

Trincomalee (Renter) — 
Tamil separatist guerrillas are 
still entrenched in Sri Lanka's 
eastern district despite a 
three-day battle in which Gov- 
ernment troops recaptured a 
rebel stronghold. 

The Trincomalee security 
forces commander, lieutenant 
Colonel Lakshman 

■‘Vijayaratne, said guerrillas 
controlled five villages around 
the city after last week's battle 
in the village of Sambaltim. 

“The situation has not gone 
out of hand bnt terrorism is 

stiD prevalent in this district," 
he said. 

The village was deserted 
yesterday. The 3,500 inhab- 
itants had fled and soldiers 
armed with automatic weap- 
ons guarded the streets. 

“We cleared this place of 
terrorists bnt there may still be 
a few lurking in the bushes to 
set off landmines," Col 
Wijayaratne said. 

He said 450 troops took part 
in the operation, code-named 
“Sea Horse", bandied at 
dawn last Thursday. 

Hint of reform 
for Spanish 
abortion law 

Madrid — Spain's new 
Health Minister has hinted 
that the Government will 
respond to criticism by 
women's organizations and 
remove restrictions on legal 

“The Government’s objec- 
tive is to resolve the social 
problem of those women pres- 
ently going abroad to interrupt 
a pregnancy or who have the 
operation performed in Spain 
under dangerous health 
conditions." Serior Julian 
Garcia told Parliament. 

Prisoner of the Sandinistas 

Mr Eugene Hasenfns is led by Nicaraguan soldiers through jungle after his capture following the shooting down of his plane 

Managua says American Plane link 

was a military adviser , denied 

J by Reagan 

An American who survived 
the shooting down of bis plane 
as it was making a supply drop 
to .US-backed rebels in Nica- 
ragua was carrying an identi- 
fication card describing him as 
a military adviser in El Sal- 
vador, according lo Nica- 
raguan Army officials. 

One of two Americans who 
died in the US-made CI23 
transport plane when h was hit 
by rocket fire on Sunday was 
hearing similar identification, 

the officials said. The other 
man’s identification card de- 
scribed him as an employee of 
an aviation company linked, 
according to the officials, to 
the Central Intelligence 

Another man who died has 
been identified only as being 
Latin in appearance. 

The survivor told a press 
conference in Managua on 
Tuesday that he was Mr 
Eugene Hasenfns from Mari- 
nette, Wisconsin. He made 
only a brief appearance before 

From Alan Tomlinson, Managua 

being led away with his hands 
tied behind his back. 

Mr Hasenfns told reporters 
who spoke to him briefly at the 
scene of his capture, about 20 
miles from the Costa Rican 
border, that he was “an avi- 
ation expert" working in El 
Salvador where be had joined 
the aircraft on its doomed 
flight He said the flight had 
originated in Miami and iu»H 
made a stop in Honduras 
before entering Nicaraguan air 

Lieutenant-Colonel Roberto 
Calderon, chief of the southern 
military region, said the cap- 
tured American had been the 
crew's “kicker", the man who 
pushes parachuted supplies 
out of the plane. He had 
parachuted to safety himself 
when the aircraft was hit and 
had been captured the follow- 
ing day. 

Reporters at the press con- 
ference were shows identity 
cards and other documents 
taken from the prisoner and 

the three dead men. They 
identified the pilot as Captain 
Wallace Blaine Sawyer J unior 
and the co-pilot as Mr Wil- 
liam J. Cooper. Mr Hasenfns 
had identified both men as 
Americans, Colonel Calderon 

The identification cards 
belonging to Mr Hasenfns and 
Captain Sawyer had been 
issued by (he Salvadorean 
armed forces and signed by 
General Bus til lo. Commander 
of the Air Force. 

“Their IDs ideotify these 
men as members of the US 
military advisory group in El 
Salvador," Colonel Calderon 
said. The US has about 50 
advisers assisting the 
Salvadorean Army in its war 
against left-wing guerrillas. 

Colonel Calderon produced 
a card identifying Mr Cooper 
as an employee of Southern 
Air Transport which, be said, 
had been connected with the 
CIA in recent North American 
newspaper reports. 

Chirac ‘no’ 
to terror 

From Diana Geddes 

As France was facing up toji 
seemingly endless spiral of 
new terrorist threats and 
escalating demands yesterday, 
M Jacques Chirac the Prime 
Minister, reiterated his gov- 
ernment’s determination not 
to give in to blackmail and not 
to enter any form of negotiat- 
ions with the terrorists. 

"France is a democratic 
country which is ready to talk 
to anyone, except under 
constraint." he said. “Any 
negotiation or compromise 
with terrorists is not possible 
as ii would simply encourage 
them to lake further action m 
pursuit of their demands.” 

M Chirac said all the 
information obtained by the 
police so far indicated that the 
Abdullah family and the Lebar 
nese Revolutionary Armed 
Faction (Farl) were respon- 
sible for the recent bomb 
attacks in Paris, which had left 
10 dead and more than 200 

In a reference to publicly- 
voiced suspicious that Syria 

Search for a Heddy bears charter 9 

EEC labours on toy safety 

The French Cabinet has ap- 
proved a Bill to transform the 
electoral map, after President 
Mitterrand's refusal to sign a 
decree to implement the re- 
form (Reuter reports). The 
Prime Minister, M Jacques 
Chirac, invoked a guillotine 
measure to speed up action in 
the National Assembly on the 
BilL which will return F rance 
to the simple majority system 

and Iran are also behind the 
attacks, M Chirac said: “Noth- 
ing allows us to affirm that a 
foreign state is implicated, 
close I v or distantly, in the 
latest tragic events ... we 
must judge on proof. not on 
suspicion." . 

M Chirac was speaking 
shortly after the arrival in 
France for a 48-hour private 
visit of Mr Shimon Peres, the 
Israeli Prime Minister. 

On Tuesday the Armenian 
Secret Army for the Libera- 
ijnn of Armenia (Asala) an- 
nounced that it had asked the 
Islamic Jihad to execute one 
of the seven French hostages 
m Beirut "as a pntsent loihe 
French Zionists on the occa- 

S, °U claimed That Jean-Paul 
Kauffinann, the hoste^in 

question, was a 

The group also accused Presi- 
dent Mitterrand of tong a 

Zionist and repeated its prom- 
ise to assassinate him how- 
ever long it takes . .... 

The Islamic Jihad, which is 
holding at least three of the 
French hostages in Beirut, has 



|IX with Middle Eastern and 
Arab political prisoners 
rspPA), the group which has 
oftTciallv claimed responsibd- 
• ,v for' the latest wave of 
bombings in Pans, has - after 
several da\s silence - re- 
‘ .yted its threats to renew 
terrorist attacks unless three 
aS terrorists are released 
from French jails. 

From Richard Owen, Strasbourg 

“You would think that if the 
EEC could agree on anything 
it would be how to make toys 
safe for our children," one 
official said wearily this week. 

Mr Jeremiah Sheehan, the 
Irish head, of the EEC 
Commission's department for 
consumer affairs, agrees that it 
has taken “two darned long" 
to produce a brief directive 
ensuring that teddy-bears do 
not catch fire and toy trucks 
do not slice off small fingers. 

A directive on toy safety is 
now going though the final 
stages of written procedure at 
theCommission. It is the third 
version of a law first proposed 
14 years ago. 

Consensus among the Twel- 
ve on safe toys appears to have 
been achieved, but at a price: 
the directive is couched in far 
vaguer terms than its prede- 
cessors and leaves potential 
loopholes for toy manufac- 
turers who opposed more 
■detailed earlier versions on 
the grounds that they would 
impede and suffocate their 

The new directive is the first 
example in the consumer field 
of a little noticed Commission 
decision of May last year 
known as the “new approach" 
lo technical and safety stan- 
dards — one of the key 

elements in the completion of 
the internal market 

As this week's Internal Mar- 
ket Counsel in Luxembourg, 
chaired by Mr Alan Clark, the 
Minister for Trade, clearly 
demonstrated, the timetable 
for internal market liberaliza- 
tion and harmonization has 
slipped badly. Despite efforts 
to speed things up by Britain, 
which currently holds the 
presidency of the EEC, the. 
target date of 1992 is begin- 
ning to look elusive. 

Under the “new approach” 
— until now only applied to 
industrial products such as 
pressure vessels — the Comm- 
ission avoids imposing de- 
tailed requirements on manu- 
facturers and lays down broad 
principles to which national 
safety standards boards are 
supposed to conform. 

In the case of toys, the new 
directive provides general cri- 
teria for ensuring that toys are 
not inflammable or dan- 
gerous, but as far as what Mr 
Sheehan calls “the nitty 
gritty" is concerned, manufac- 
turers are required to conform 
with overall standards laid 
down by the Committee for 

Critics of this system say 
that it does not screen oiit 
dangerous imports into the 

EEC and puts the onus on the 
Commission rather than on 

Mr Sheehan denies that it 
gives loymakers carte blanche, 
but admits that some EEC 
countries have lower safety 
standards than others and that 
even the European Committ- 
ee's standards do not include 
toxic materials such as those 
in modelling clay, or chemi- 
cals and chemistry sets. 

EEC officials add that even 
when the new directive is 
published, it win still have to 
pass through the European 
Parliament at Strasbourg. 

Although the EEC reforms, 
due to come into force in 
January if Britain and other 
states ratify them, are de- 
signed to speed up derision- 
making. they also increase the 
Parliament’s powers of scru- 
tiny, thus arousing in some 
commissioners the vision of 
yet more directives piling up 
in committee stage. 

“God forbid that the toy 
directive should be held up for 
the third time by demands 
from the lunatic fringe at 
Strasbourg that it should also 
cover morally harmful toys 
such as toy guns. That sort of 
thinggives the Parliament and 
the SC as a whole a bad 
name," one MEF said. 

Labour MEPs call for 
Europe withdrawal 

From Our Own Correspondent, Strasbnrg 

The British Labour Party 
group in the European Par- 
liament yesterday sought to 
move Mr Neil Kinnock and 
the Labour Party leadership in 
the direction of a policy of 
eventual withdrawal from the 
Common Market 

The group called for a 
restoration of British sov- 
ereignty which it said was 
being ceded to EEC institu- 
tions such as the Commission 
in Brussels. 

On the day that ratification 
of EEC reforms aroused 
accusations of loss of sov- 

ereignty in the House of 
Lords, the Labour group in 
Strasbuig called on the Labour 
leadership to adopt as official 
policy a repeal of those aspects 
of the British Treaty of Acces- 
sion to the EEC which it 
claimed conflict with the pol- 
icy of a future Labour 

A discussion paper put for- 
ward by Mr Alf Lomas. La- 
bour MEP for London North 
East and leader of the Labour 
group, was approved yes- 
terday by a majority of Labour 

From Michael Binyon 

President Reagan yesterday 
compared the unofficial US 
group supporting the Contra 
rebels in Nicaragua to Ameri- 
cans who fought in the Span- 
ish Civil War and he insisted 
that there was no US Govern- 
ment connection with the 
American crew of the cargo 
plane shot down on Sunday. 

He said: “We’re in a free 
country where private citizens 
have many freedoms, includ- 
ing the fact that some years 
ago many of you spoke ap- 
provingly' of something called 
the Abraham Lincoln Brigade 
in the Spanish Civil War.” 

Despite Administration at- 
tempts to disavow any role m 
the private group of Contra 
supporters, the incident has 
fuelled criticism of the grow- 
ing unofficial involvement in 
the fighting in Nicaragua. 

The Reagan Administration 
said the surviving crew mem- 
ber. Mr Eugene Hascnfus. was 
working for a group headed by 
a retired US Army Major- 
General, John Singlaub. who 
runs an anti-communist 
organization based in 

General Singlaub said he 
knew nothing about the in- 
cident which had nothing to 
do with his organization. A 
company set up by General 
Singlaub in £1 Salvador has 
been used for Central Intelli- 
gence Agency operations in 
the past 

The Pentagon said Mr Has- 
enfiis, aged 45. had served in 
the marines from I960 to 
1965, reaching the rank of 
corporal. His wife refused to 
say if she had been officially 
informed of his capture. His 
brother said that he worked 
for an air freight company in 
Florida and once ran a para- 
chuting schooL 

for atom 
spy Fuchs 

Berlin {Reuter) - Klaus 
Fuchs, the physicist who be- 
trayed sensitive Western nuc- 
lear secrets to Moscow in the 
has been awarded .i lop 
East Gentian scientific hon- 
our. the Communist Parly 
newspaper Seams Dettt.vkfanJ 
said yesterday . 

Fuchs, aged "4, was pre- 
sented with the title "excep- 
tional scientist of the people." 
for his achievements in theo- 
retical physics. 

Throughout the t^-ttls. 
Fuchs, then a naturalized 
British citizen of German 
origin, passed British and US 
nuclear secrets to So* iei 

US to set up 
drug school 

Port Moresby i Reuter I — 
The US plans to* sun a schiv! 
for narcotics jgents in Papua ' 
New Guinea and its island 
neighbours jo step up the fight 
against drug smuggling, a US 
official said. 

Mr Andrew Fenneh of the 
L : S Drug tnlorvemem Agency 
said Australian authorities 
had expressed concern that 
Papua New Guinea waters 
were being used increasing!*, 
to smuggle heroin and olhei 
drugs from Thailand. 

Plant protest 

Bonn — A mi- nuclear dem- 
onstrators blocked several 
roads in Hamburg during the 
second day of protests over 
the start of a new atomic 
power station. 

Air award 

Chicago (Reuter) - A fed- 
eral judge awarded S3? mil- 
lion (£25. 7 million) to mure 
than 1.700 former United 
Airlines flight attendants who 
said they had been forced (o 
retire when they mamed. 

Iran census 

Nicosia (API - The firsi 
public census under Islamic 
rule in Iran has begun and will 
take 15 days to complete, 
covering an estimated 47 mil- 
lion people. 

Solar contract 

Tel Aviv (Reuter) - An 
Israeli solar energy company 
has signed a billion-doHar 
contract with an American 
power corporation to build 1 2 
solar generation systems in 
southern California, a spokes- 
woman said. 

Troop denial 

Ankara (Reuter) — Turkey- 
denied Greek charges that it 
had reinforced its troops in 
northern Cyprus, saying they 
were “completely unfounded 
and lies". 

British shops still sell 
dangerous playthings 

By David Cross 

Despite stringent restric- 
tions on (he sale of aosafe toys, 
British shops and market 
stalls were.stiU selling poten- 
tially lethal items, trading 
standards officers around the 
country said yesterday. 

The chief trading standards, 
officer for Gloucestershire 
County Council. Mr Michael 
Givens, said one of the most 
“horrendous" cases he had 
come across in 40 years of 
experience, was an oven, (he 
Saper Homo Magico Lili 
model, which was bought for 
£10 by a customer from a 
Cheltenham market last 

Manufactured in Mexico 
ami with all the instructions in 
Spanish, there were sharp 
edges on a sheet metal ulterior, 
which could rip tiny fingers to 
shreds, and the surface heated 
up to a temperature of 140F in 
15 minutes because the oven, 
designed for use on lHHyrtt 
jpctMit of the standard British 
240-volt system, had to be 
plumed directly into the mains 
to heat two 100-watt bulbs. 

There was also high rfek of 
a child getting an electric 
shock from the Continental- 

style screw-in bulb 
fitted in foe oven. 

“If the wires were c on n ect ed 
the wrong way round and a 
child touched foe metal fitting 
of the bulb he would receive a 
terrible shock. Any supplier of 
a toy which needs water and 
electricity to make it work is 
providing a lethal mixture," 
Mr Givens added. 

Another extremely dan- 
gerous toy, sales of which have 
recently been stopped, was foe 
Momneret Foussette folding 
pusbebair imported from 
France. Although this was 
meant for use with dolls, 
several children had been 
discovered asmg it for younger 
brothers or sisters, said Mr 
Ray Harrup, deputy director 
of trading standards for 
Leicestershire Coenty 

He knew of at least eight 
accidents in which children 
suffered- crushed hands or 
nearly severed fingertips with 
the collapse of a tubular frame 
under foe weight of a toddler. 
In Angnst alone three more 
accidents involving the push- 
chair, which is held upright 
only by a fragile plastic tray 
fixed between foe axles, were 
reported although it had been 

Mr Givens: demonstrating 

the “horrendous" oven, 
withdrawn from sale early in 
foe year. 

However carefully laws 
were formulated there would 
always be loopholes. The 
Monneret pusfeebair, for 
example, could not be banned 
became ft was classified only 
as a “child’s plaything” and 
trading standards officers 
could do no more than urge 
retailers and importers to 
withdraw it, said Mr Hannp. 

Strasbourg split over drugs plan 

Brussels r Splits appeared 
yesterday in the European 
parliament’s new policy to- 
wards Europe’s dreg problem, 
with Socialist MEPs protest- 
ing that the hard-line ap- 
proach adopted by the Parli- 
ament's dreg committee _ - 
with backing-from the Bnlfcb 
Government — would be 

counter-productive and in- 
crease rather than reduce il- 
legal dreg trafficking (Richard 
Owen writes). 

The Parliament’s ‘ report 
calls for strict checks at the 
EEC's external frontiers and a 
co-ordinated crackdown by 
European police -forces on 
what Sir Jack Stewart-Oark, 

chairman of the Parliamenta- 
ry dregs comminee, called 
This filthy trade". 

Miss Carol Tongue, Labour 
MEP for London South-East, 
insisted that although drugs 
were a terrible problem, a “re- 
pressive moral crusade" 
would be ineffective. 

To make bread you need dough. 

|t% one of the happy facts of life that the poor, 
even in the worlds poorest countries, don’t 
want to be helpless receivers of aid. 

But farmers can’t grow food without land, 
and the rest of the population can't buy food 
without money. 

They need to acquire the skills and oppor- 
tunities that win bread. Without that, they are 
powerless to change their lives and the fortunes 
of their countries. 

For countries and for individuals earning 
power is vital. 

Your dough will be giving them just that. 


To: Christian Aid. RO. Box 1, London SW9 8BH. 

I enclose cheque/RO. for £200 □ £100 l!' £50 □ £2512 £10D Other □ 
or please debit my Access/Visa A/e No. 

Please send Covenant Form □ Signature . 



If receipt needed tick here. □ 

Christian Aid 


■ — muiiiiiina | 















u v tivacrtA incvt^ 

_ J. __ ^ „ 

US action on Pretoria I Mafia blam ed for child’s killing 
opens the door for 
British exports boost 

British business is expected 
• to boost exports to South 
Africa in the wake of growing 
United States disinvestment 
and in the light of South 
Africa's improved economic 

British and South African 
trade representatives said yes- 
terday that the pro-sanctions 
climate in the US would 
probably mean a "bigger slice 
of the cake” for South Africa's 
main exporters, Britain, Japan 
and West Germany. 

Mr Raymond Parsons, the 
chief executive of the South 
African Association of Cham- 
bers of Commerce, said in 
London that senior British 
business executives had asked 
which US companies were 
"looking vulnerable” in South 

"It is perfectly legitimate for 
British business to take a hard 
look at the the impact of US 
sanctions." he said. "If the 

By Nicholas Beeston 

question is 'Is there life after 
sanctions?', the answer is 'Yes. 
for those who want to take 
advantage'," he said. 

The trend had started two 
years ago when the total of 350 
US companies based in South 
Africa began to slip until now 
there were only250. 

Although the bulk of US 
sanctions prohibit the import 
of South African goods, rather 
than the export of American 
goods, there is strong pressure 
on US companies to cut all 
links with Pretoria. 

A British Government trade 
source added: "In theory if 
one major exporter drops out, 
it follows that the others 
would get a better share." 

A business analyst in South 
Africa said the increase in the 
gold price had turned the 
countiy into an increasingly 
attractive export market ana 
improved its payment record. 
Asked about the US sanc- 

tions. he said: "I would have 
thought it was a good chance 
for the UK to move m.” 

Although Britain adheres to 
some of the measures adopted 
by the Commonwealth and all 
those agreed by the EEC the 
Department of Trade and the 
Foreign Office still offer Brit- 
ish companies guidance if they 
want to trade with South 
Africa, through the commer- 
cial section of the British 
Embassy in Pretoria and the 
British Overseas Trade Board. 

A Foreign Office spokes- 
man said that there wasa ban 
on Government sponsorship 
for. trade missions to South 
Africa, but there mere no 
constraints on Government 
departments giving advice to 
firms wishing to trade there. 

Next month for m<aanr«» the 
Engineering Industries Associ- 
ation is organizing a two-week 
visit for representatives of 

names faces 
Unesco’s board 

From Diaira Geddes, Paris 

The executive board of the of African Unity and the Arab 

O’Brien continues tour 

Cape Town (Renter) — Dr 
Conor Cruise O'Brfeu, the 
Irish academic, said yesterday 
he will continue with a tour of 
South Africa despite being 
driven from a lecture hall on 
Tuesday night by chanring 
students who accused him of 
defying a cultural boycott. 

Dr O'Brien is in Sooth 
Africa at the invitation of the 
University of Cape Town, 
where he has been lecturing on 
the politics of "siege societies" 
— Northern Ireland, Israel and 
South Africa. 

Last night's lecture, a public 
meeting, was the fast to be 
disrupted. He is due Co give 
four more talks to students 
during the next week and 
expects more protests over his 
refusal to accept anti-apart- 
heid calls for foreign academ- 
ics to boycott Sooth Africa, 

leader of the Liberal Party, 
Mr David Steel, is to give a 
public lecture entitled "The 
Way to a Liberal revolution" 
at the University of Cape 
Town tonight. 

nine UK companies. 

Colonel William William^ 
the association's secretary- 
general, said yesterday that if 
British traders found that 
there was a vaccuum left by 
American companies then it 
would be up to them to «*!«» 
advantage of it 

"British companies can do 
rather well in fulfilling the 
needs of the South African 
market” he said. 

But a spokesman for the 
United Kingdom-South Af- 
rica Trade Association pre- 
dicted that South Africa 
would try to compensate for 
US trade bars by providing 
alternatives from within its 
own resources. 

Nato general's 
Gibraltar visit 
offends Spain 

Spain yesterday expressed 
its "profound dislike” of the 
official two-day visit General 
Bernard Rogers, Nato's Su- 
preme Commander in 
Europe, is presently making to 

Senor Francisco Fernandez 
Ordonez, the Foreign Min- 
ister, said he would be convey- 
ing his Government's feelings 
to Lord Carrington, the Sec- 
retary-General of Nato, in- 
dicating that Madrid had 
previously hinted it would 
regard such a visit "to the 
British colony of Gibraltar" as 

Norwegian heavy water 
‘behind Israeli bomb’ 

From Tony Samstag, Olso 

Norwegian “heavy water” 
a prime objective of the 
occupying Germans during 
World War Two, may have 
given the Israelis the boost 
they needed to manufacture 
atomic weapons. 

Mr Sverre Lodgaard. a sci- 
entist attached to the Peace 
Research Institute of Oslo and 
its Swedish equivalent, the 
Stockholm International Pea- 
ce Research Institute (Sipri), 
says that it was 20 tons of 
heavy water sold by the 
Norwegians in the early 1 960s 
and a second shipment in 

1970, that enabled Israel to get 
its nuclear reactor plant 

The first sale alone would 
have been enough to manu- 
facture one atomic bomb a 

The deal, agreed between 
the two governments after 
secret meetings in 1959, was 
struck after the Israelis had 
approached the United Stales 
and had turned down con- 
ditions for a sale which had 
included inspection of nuclear , 

Pfelice in Sicily searching for 
ctaes in a Palermo street after 
an 11 -year-old boy, fhriio 
Domino (right), was killed by 
a gimma n on a moto rc yc le as 
he was playing outside bis 

home. Tfe gnimian Ptf^ pwl 

(Reuter reports). 

Police believe a Mafia ven- 
detta was behind the nhnoiingr 
They said that audio's fa- 
ther, who nras a firm 

with a contract at Palermo's 
high-security prison, was 
thought to have rejected de- 
mands from the Mafia. 

Nearly 470 alleged Mafia 
members have been on trial 
since February In a spedially- 
baQt prison courtroom on 
charges of extortion, drag- 
trafficking, almost a hundred 
nnrdm, and other crimes. 

A police spokesman said it 
was thought that Claudio's 
father fed been asked about 
t he ea se with which people 
working for the com— 

wm; ? conl d gain access to the 
i n a i i mn m security wing. 
Witnesses to the si 

said the gunman had 

Claudio by his mim several 
times, and had then shot him 
in the head. 

Belgrade jails American Albanian 

From Dessa Trerisan, Belgrade 

A Yugoslav Albanian with 
American citizenship, whose 
arrest has provoked an uproar 
in the US Senate , has been 
sentenced to seven years' 
imprisonment here on charges 
of taking part in peaceful 
. secessionist demonstrations in 
the United States: 

Mr Pier Ivezai, who emi- 

grated from Yugoslavia 10 
years ago, is said to have 
joined in demands that the 
troubled Kosovo region be 
granted independence from 
Y ugoslavia and eventually ab- 
sorbed by Albania. 

Mr Ivezai was arrested 
when he arrived here to visit 

He was found guilty of! 
activities intent on overthrow- 
ing Yugoslavia's constitu- 
tional order and of active 
membership of an Albanian 
organization in the US which ( 
is actively propagating' 
Kosovo's secession. 

In Kosovo the situation 
remains uneasy. ' 

United Nations Educational, 
Scientific and Cultural Organ- 
ization (UtwscoX ended its 
month-long autumn session 
yesterday with no great 
achievements in the way of 
reforms. There was, neverthe- 
less, a feeling of relief and 
renewed hope over the trou- 
bled organization's future af- 
ter Mr Amadou M’Bow's sur- 
prise announcement that be 
would not be standing for a 
third term as Director- 
General J , 

Mr M’Bow, aged 65, who 
has been much criticized m 
the West for his autocratic 
leadership and poor manage- 
ment of the organization, 
explained his decision to leave 
as "a desire to make a positive 
contribution to the consolida- 
tion of relations of trust which 
must exist between all the 
members of the international 

Mr M’Bow, a Senegalese, 
was unanimously elected Dir- 
ector-General in 1974 and 
again in 1980. He insisted that 
he bad been in no way 
influenced by the "unjust 
attacks and pressures” to 
which he had been subjected 
over the past three years. 

Indeed, he claimed that he 
had taken his decision not to 
stand again at the moment of 
his re-election six years ago. 

If that were really so, he 
successfully managed to keep 
it from even his most intimate 
colleagues right up until his 
announcement at a dosed 
session of the board on Mon- 
day. His announcement ap- 
peared to take everyone by 

In a radio interview on 
Tuesday, Mr M'Bow said: 
"The facts have shown that 
these who wanted to kill off 
Unesco have not succeeded 
. . . Despite the withdrawal of 
two member states (the 
United States and Britain), 
and despite the loss of a third 
of its resources, Unesco has 
become a strong organ- 

Mr M'Bow, whose candid- 
ature for a third term had 
already won the public sup- 
port of both the Organization 

* /■ 

Gaza * 

League, insisted that no new 
director-general could be an- 
pointed "if the Third Wow" 
and in particular Africa, c£ 
not want him." 

Mr Ivo Margan, the Yi**. 
Slav president of Unescov 
executive board* will xkov' 
write to the organization's 159 * 
member states asking than to ' 
put forward, before next April 
1, the names of candidatesto - 
succeed Mr M’Bow when his ' 
term comes to an end m • 
November, 1987. . - ; 

The list of candidates will be •' 
made public at the May sess- 
ion of the board, which wifi * 
then choose a single candidate - 

to be presented for deafon to - 

the Unesco general conference 
the following November. 

Among the names already *" 
being mooted are Prince Sadi 
radio Aga Khan, a former UN : 
High Commissioner for Refo. .• 
gees; Sedor Eariqufi fy rWi fo : 
the Uruguayan Foreign Min. • 
ister; Dr Sutras G haii 
Egyptian Foreign Minister- l 
Mr Gough Whitlam, former 1 
Australian Prime Minuter - 
Mr Kalevi Sorsa, the Furnish * 
Prime Minister, who issaid to 
have the backing of the Soviet *•' 
Union; Mr Yasuchi Akscbt, a ■ 
senior Japanese official at the - 
UN; and Senhor Vftor Sr’ 
a former Portu- ■ 
Minister and 
candidate so - 

guese Foi 
the only 

However, it is thought that '■ 
as many as 30 or more names * 
may eventually be put for- * 
ward. Some observers do not 1 
rale out the possibility of new : 

pressure being brought to bear 

on Mr M'Bow to char? ;; hfe* 
mind should it prove impos-.*- 
sfble to reach agreement on ' 

any of the other candidates. 

Britain and the US have : 
both stated publicly that they * 
never sought to personalize ’ 
their criticisms of Unesco^and ■ 
that Mr M 1 Bow’s decision io 
withdraw would not mean 
that they would immediately . . 
seek to rejoin the organiz- 

Britain and the US would 
like fundamental reforms of' 
Unesco's management and 
programme of activities. * 


pCIUY pl 

Death threats on Bilbao judge 

Madrid — A Spanish wo- known extreme right-wing , 

man magistrate and a leading 
judge, both serving in Bilbao, 
were under police protection 
yesterday after receiving death 
threats from a prerioasly an- 

told a popular radio pro- 
gramme: “I shall be staying in 
the Basque country.” 



“ ' Hu. 

*, n; :• 

1 •• .! ‘W’l!*:. •' 

Police build-up 
in Gaza as 
Arabs protest 

at killings 

Hu d Fr om Ian Murray, Jerusalem 

Pf fen «. Minister. pronrised 



Swedish reshuffle 

Cabinet reward for 
nuclear ‘minister’ 

From Tony Samstag. Oslo 

ni V i.% were Hnfi.d • • 

• H.-, s- a fi!L araf Wd in vesierdav 

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T j inroai Was cut on 

^ayinGaza. ° n 
JS ‘toys earlier, an- 
^hhe* 00 resident was 

?wo bb illS dealh in Gaza. The 
.°. mcidcnis have led to 

ZtVX'- A ™ b 

Slid £* ^ apparently 
S l S.ft n ^- wi ngn a tion- 

' ■- k C r ali v Jew jj h groups. 

■ ■ . Yesterday, bv 

\ . ' incidence, there" v 

1 * • 1 '■ DlannnW . - 

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seiHemenis for 25 families in 

Slnp ai which 
guest or honour was Mr David 
z2j J * the Housing Minister, 
2™L a su ;png contender as next 
leader of the Likud faction. 

He called for calm by the 
people, but promised “an iron 
5“ P° i,c > by the Aimy 
against terror in the area - a 
phrase with a particularly 
ominous ring to it. 

There are now around 2,000 
Jews living in 15 settlements 
lr l - l Gaza Strip, but because 
ol the two killings Mr Reuven 
Kosenblatt. chairman of the 
‘ u ^rilement Council for 
the Gaza area, issued a call for 
more settlers. 

“If the Government claims 
this as a part of Israel and 
mans Jews come here, the 

Arabs will not kill us." he said. 

"We give hope to the Arabs 
that if they kill Jews we will go 
away. If 'we give them such 
hope they will kill us more and 
more. We must show the 
Arabs that killing will not put 
us out of here " 

He said that if the Army 
w- an led. the settlers would 
hdp it to patrol the Gaza 
region. Mr Yitzhak Rabin, the 

after a visit to the sites of the 
two murders that , the Army 
would clamp down on "terror 
by the knife**. But he wanted 
that Israelis should be careful 
about going on their own to 
certain places. 

The Mayor of Asbketon. Mr 
Eli Dayan, tried to calm the 
anger and joined the family of 
the murdered taxi driver. Mr 
Yisrael Kitaro, in calling for 
the outside political agitators 
not to use the funeral for their 
own ends. 

“We must make a difference 

between the terrorists we have . . * _ 

to pursue and bring to court, A Ion B debate in the Japanese Parliament on denationalizing the railways proved too much for Mr Yasuhiro Nakasone, the 
and the innocent people who Prime Minister, left, and his deputy, Mr Shin Kanemam. yesterday, both of whom dropped off to sleep, 

want to live with us in peace," _ — 

"TLno™! plaque, un- lTHIl BlOb 

veiled only last week, renam- A A ■■ 

ing. the main square of $llT£)f*KC 
Ashkelon in memory of King Ci.l.KW.V'Ja.ij 
Mohammed V of Morocco, _ T* 

has already had to be removed . fi ffl OflLS SV 

U ted'teen daubed, ham- 7 ^ Ga- 

rnered and attacked with a fJH 1 * protested to Iran yes- 
pneumaiic drill within hours ^ 

of a ceremony led by a much- 

booed Mr Shimon Peres to 5™*® German 

unveil the plaque on the day Emba^y jo Tehran, the For- 

after the earlier fatal stabbing a ^f t SS? ^ - 
in Gaza of Mr Haim Azran German charge 

Since then, activists have tried jL? c ^ ,n .Tehran called at 

Brief Beirut unity in tribute 

to put up signs renaming the 
square after Mr Azran. 

In his farewell speech as 
Prime Minister to the Knesset 
on Tuesday, Mr Peres claimed 
Israel had now entered “a new 
era of mutual tolerance". 

A few hours later, the centre 
of Jerusalem was brought to a 
standstill for two hours as 
thousands of right-wing dem- 
onstrators pressed their case 
for the release of six members 
of the so-called “Jewish 
underground" who have been 
jailed for terrorist attacks 
against Arabs. 

Chinese peace pledge 

I . . , , , Cairo (AP) — The Chinese 

|>| | UUO 11 De P u, y Premier, Mr Li Peng, 

>r indicated yesterday that China 

‘■i'rra- r; would be glad to take part in 
iKuts an international conference on 
• * Jcs peace in the Middle East ■ ■ 

- z Mr Li told reporters here 

lOiii’to that he had discussed the 
.:‘cr:n' Middle East situation during 

talks with President Mubarak. 

the Foreign Ministry to lodge 
the protest while Iran's 
Ambassador to Bonn was 
summoned to the Foreign 

The spokesman said the 
protesters tried to smash 
down the main door to the 
embassy before withdrawing. 
Iran distanced itself from the 
a track and promised an 

The attack, in which the 
protesters shouted “Revenge 
for Frankfurt", followed vi- 
olence at the Frankfurt Book 
Fair between rival Iranian 
groups last week. 

The trouble in Frankfurt 
involved staff of an official 
Iranian stand and opponents 
of Ayatollah Khomeini who 
were running a bookstall oul- 

Asked whether Peking side the fair, 
would take part. Mr Li replied: •BASRA: I ranian gunners 
“We support all proposals shelled Basra yesterday for the 
which can lead to a peaceful fourth day, rousing the million 
settlement for the Middle East residents with a 20-minute 
problem, as long as they bring pre-dawn salvo (Reuter 
a just and acceptable solution reports).$heHs rained down at 

to the Palestinian, issue." 

the rate of two a minute. 

For a brief bat impressive 
moment Beirut's divided 
comm unities united yesterday 
when Christian Phahuigist 
militiamen formed an honour 
guard beside the coffin of the 
Sunni sheikh who was mur- 
dered by gasmen in the west- 
ern sector of the city. 

The mlli tinmen, in drab 
olive green uniforms, pre- 
sented arms as the cortege 
carrying Sheikh So bin Saleh 
crossed the front line into east 
Beirut on its way to TripolL 

It was a rare — perhaps 
unique — display of common 
grief in Lebanon for a man 
whose compassion and mod- 
eration were admired by 
Christians and Muslims alike. 
Sheikh Saleh, who was the 
second most important Snnni 
cleric in the country, had 
consistently opposed the ex- 
treme demands of Muslim re- 
ligions leaders, which may be 
why he was killed on Tuesday. 

As the predominantly Mus- 
lim community in the west of 
the city observed a general 
strike, Christian church bells 
tolled in the east. When the 
cortftge made its way through 
the city, Christians dosed 
their shops in sympathy. 

The P hnlangkr newspaper, 
al-Anud, mounted the sheikh, 
referring to him as “a symbol 
of national unity and an 
advocate of dialogue between 
the Lebanese factious". 

From Robert Fisk, Beirut 

The Lebanese Communist 
Party, condemning the murder 
as a “cowardly crime", 
churned it was intended to 
encourage extremist religious 
demands the sheikh opposed. 

Sadly, and predictably, the 
uncommon unity collapsed af- 
ter the dead sheikh had been 
taken across the front line 
when sniper fire crackled 
around the museum crossing 
point through which his cor- 
tege had passed only two boors 
earlier. The few motorists 
there — including at least one 
Western diplomat — had to 
drive away at high speed. 

The city's newspapers yes- 
terday carried a demand by an 
extremist group for the mnrder 
of a French journalist hostage 
in Lebanon. In what must be 
among the most horrible raes- 


Mrs Sutherland: sensing the 
moment for discussions. 

sages of its kind, the Arme- 
nian Secret Army for the 
Liberation of Armenia asked 
the pro-Iranian Islamic Jihad 
movement to kill M Jean-Pan! 
Kanffmann, a reporter for the 
weekly VEvamunt da Jeudi, 
as a “memorial gift" to mark 
the visit of Mr Shimon Peres, 
the Israeli Prime Minister, to 

The message, which is on- 
likely to have any effect on 
Islamic Jihad, raised serious 
questions about the role of 
news agencies in west Beirut 
which regularly publish ex- 
tremist statements. 

To distribute the messages 
and conditions of these groups 
Is one thing, bur to pass on 
demands for the murder of a 
hostage — as news agencies 
did on Tuesday — is quite 
another. As usual, the agen- 
cies requested that their 
names shonld not be included 
in news reports. - 

The wife of another hostage 
yesterday offered to mediate 
between the American Gov- 
ernment and Islamic Jihad for 
the release of three kidnapped 

Mrs Jean Sutherland, 
whose husband Thomas, the 
acting Dean of Agriculture at 
the American University, was 
abducted in west Beirut in 
June last year, said she “sens- 
ed a clear readiness by the two 
sides to disenss demands". 

The Swedish Government 
has used an otherwise routine 
Cabinet reshuffle, earlier this 
week, to reward Mrs Birgitia 
Dahl, the dynamic and popu- 
lar Minister of Environment 
and Energy, for what is gen- 
eral 1\ regarded as a brilliant 
performance in the chaotic 
aftermath of the Chernobyl 
disaster earlier this year. 

Despite her title. Mrs Dahl, 
who was 49 last month, 
formerly operated "without 
portfolio", m effect as a junior 
minister, under the Ministry 
of Industry. 

Now she has been given a 
ministry of her own in a move 
that reflects not only her 
personal achievements, but 
also the seriousness with 

which the Government is now 
forced to take environmental 
issues, particularly the now- 
urgent need to dismantle the 
country's nuclear power pro- 

Sweden voted in a referen- 
dum in I9S0 to phase out the 
use of nuclear power by the 
year 2010. The explosion at 
(Themobyl not only scuppered 
rising hopes in the nuclear 
industry that the voters might 
be persuaded to change their 
( minds in the meantime; it also 
rendered the 24-year phase- 
out period unacceptably long. 

“It took just a day . or half a 
day at least, to recognize what 
was going on at Chernobyl and 
its likely effects on Sweden." a 
Government spokesman told 
The Times yesterday. “Mrs 
Dahl took command of the 
situation immediately and has 

Chiang says 
Taiwan to lift 
martial law 

Hong Kong — (AFP) - 
President Chiang Ching-kuo. 
of Taiwan has said his Gov- 
ernment will soon propose the 
lifting of martial taw. which 
has been in force since 1949. 

Mr Chiang. eldest son of 
late president Chiang Kai- 
shek. was quoted by the Inter- 
national Herald Tribune as 
having told The Washington 
Post that the move would 
mean an end to trials of civi- 
lians in miliiary courts and the 
removal of restrictions on 
personal freedoms. The de- 
cision to lift martial law came 
from a long standing desire to 
democratize Taiwan and im- 
prove economic conditions, 
the President saidL 

remained in charge of the 
difficult turnabout in poliev 
aftcr the decision to dismantle 
the nuclear power programme 
as quickly as possible." 

The Government hopes to 
set a new target date next 
month for what Mrs Dahl has 
described as the “unpreced- 
ented” task of building “a 
completely new energy 


Prime Minister tngvar Carisson, 
Foreign Affaire Sien Anflarsson. 
Detence Remv Cansson. Finance 
KjeiJ-Obf Feidt. Justice Sien 
v.V*oo*n, Labour and Sexual 
Equality Anna-Greta Leqon. in- 
dustry Triage Peterson. Envir- 
onment and Energy Biroma Danl. 
Social Affairs Gertrud Sigurdsen, 
Housing Hans GuStatsson. Agricul- 
ture Mats Heflsnoem. Civil Service 
Bo Hoimberg. Communications 
Sven Huitcrstroem. Immtgnmon 
Georg Anoersson, Education Len- 
nar; Bodstroem, Foreign Trade 
Anita Gratfin. Development Aid 
Lena HjeunAVailen. wages Benqt 
K Johansson. Deputy social Af- 
fairs (Health) Benqt Lmdqvsi. Dep- 
uty Education (Culture) Benqt 
Goeransson. Deputy Agriculture 
(Youth, Sports and Tourism) Ulf 

system" to replace the electric- 
ity. estimated at up to 30 per 
eent or Sweden's needs, that 
will he lust when no fewer 
than 12 nuclear power plants 
are shut down. 

Mrs Dahl's appointment is 
by far the most significant of a 
handful necessitated by the 
retirement of Mr Svante 
Lundqvist as Minister of A gn- 
cuhure. A new tumor ministry 
for youth, sport and tourism 
has also been created 

Cordon stops 
boycott rally 

From Ahmed Fazl 

Police in Bangladesh yes- 
terday disrupted a public rally 
called by Sheikh Hasina 
Wazed. the opposition leader, 
in the town of Rajshahi. about 
250 miles north of Dhaka, 
opposition sources said. 

About 20 people were ar- 
rested as police cordoned off 
the rally venue in the univer- 
sity town preventing Sheikh 
Hasina and other leaders from 
entering Rajshahi. they said. 

The rally was organized by 
Awami League, the main part- 
ner in the eight-party alliance, 
which is opposing next week's 
presidential polls. 



* ■■ , . 11 

. .48L .... - 


• W* 


Relax in new, roomier six-across seating, 
joy delirious food and wines, hand 

icked by experts. 

pan Am have put business travellers in 
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Mozambique troops in 
battle with rebels 



- W ' - W ■MKt^FmLj 


expelled from Malawi 



fr ■ -JK^*3«£sa 

sS? r 3 p 

Top Soviet 

r '\N > 


Thousands of members of 
the right-wing Mozambique 
Resistance Movement have 
recently crossed into Mozam- 
bique with their weapons after 
receiving an expulsion order 
from President Banda of Ma- 
lawi. Zimbabwe's semi-of- 
ficial daily newspaper. The 
Herald, reported yesterday. 

The newspaper quoted of- 
ficial sources as saying heavy 
fighting was taking place ben 
tween Mozambique troops 
and Renamo rebels in Tete 
province, with more than 500 
Civilian refugees fleeing into 
neighbouring Zambia. 

Expulsion of the rebels, 
referred to as “bandits” by the 
Zimbabwean news media, fol- 
lows a summit meeting in 
Blaniyre last month when Pre-* 
sideni Machd of Mozam- 
bique. President Kaunda of 
Zambia, and the Zimbabwean 
Prime Minister, Mr Robert 
Mugabe, demanded, decisive 
action against cross-border 

“Officials have pointed out 

From A Correspondent, Harare 


From Christopher Walker 

that the bandits were not 
handed over to the Mozambi- 
can authorities, an action that 
would have conformed with 
the demands that Malawi 
cease supporting the bandits,” 
the Herald report said. 

The wave of rebel infiltra- 
tion in the past few days was 
said to be “wreaking havoc” 
in Mozambique's border ar- 
eas, with a major Renamo 
build-up taking place near the 
town of Zumbo, close to the 
headwaters of Lake Cabora 
Bassa. The authorities in 
Zambia's neighbouring Laun- 

gwa district say 128 families, 
numbering 553 people, have 
so for crossed the border to 
escape the fighting. 

The Herald questions whe- 
ther the expelled rebels repre- 
sent the entire Renamo farce 
based in Malawi, or a token 
number intended to give the 
impression that President 
Banda is complying with the 
demands of the frontline 
states' leaders. After meeting 
President Banda in Blau tyre. 
President Mach el threatened 
to blockade landlocked Mar j 
lawi and move his Soviet- 
supplied rockets up to their 
common border if Renamo 
infiltration continued. 

Malawi, which is the only 
member of the Organization 
of African Unity to maintain 

foil diplomatic ties with South 
Africa, denies giving the Moz- 
ambican rebels sanctuary or 
support South Africa pledged 
to cut off aid to Renamo under 
its 1984 Nkomati accord, 
which it has continually been 
accused of violating. 

t ion gwa- 

I Biantyre 

50 miles 


*■ ;*5£« S-.r 

'The royal yacht Britannia passing through Bong Kong to Canton where she will await the end of the Queen’s first visit to 
comnumist China and bring her back to the crown colony. The Queen is tearing far Chum on Sunday. 

Mogadishu to restore 
links with Kremlin 

Air crew bid for control 

From Charles Harrison, Nairobi 

over unruly passengers 

Museveni faces threat from within 

Nairobi — Uganda. 24 years 
independent today, faces the- 
possibility of elements within 
the Government of President 
Museveni and some army 
officers supporting rebels 

(Charles Harrison writes). 
Hew J7s/on,ihe Government 
newspaper says a group being 
held on treason charges — 
including three ministers and 
other politicians — had plotted 

during the past six weeks in a 
Kampala suburb to overthrow 
the Government and some 
officers tried to detect to them 
or to sabotage efforts to over- 
come rebel attacks. 

The Foreign Mndster of 
Somalia, Mr Abdurahman Ja- 
ma Bane, said in Mogadishn 
yesterday that be and the 
Soviet Foreign Minister, Mr 
Eduard Shevardnadze, had 
agreed that their countries 
should restore the Unfa which 
existed before 1977, when the 
Soviet Union backed Ethiopia 
In driving an invading Somali 
array oat iff Ethiopia's Ogaden 
desert region. 

The. two ministers met in 
New York last week while 
attending the United Nations 
General Assembly. 

Although formal diplomatic 
relations were never broken, 
Somalia renounced its friend- 
ship treaty with the Soviet 
Union in 1977 and later gave 
the United States the use of 
the Soviet-btrift port and air 
instanations at Berbers, on the 
Gulf of Aden. 

Sydney (AP) —Airline cabin 
crews, worried about safety on 
long flights, should be allowed 
to use handcuffs and tran- 
quilizers on unruly pas- 
sengers, an Australian Inter- 
national Cabin Crew Associat- 
ion official said yesterday. 

Mr Anthony Tudehope 
made the suggestions to a parl- 
iamentary committee which is 
looking into airline security 
following reports from the 
association and some airlines 
of an increased number of in- 

flight incidents. 

He cited one incident where 
a passenger on a (tight from 

n.t - r 

Bahrain to .London “over- 
reacted” to a request by 
poking one flight attendant in 
the eye, punched a second and 
struck a third in the free. 

“Unless we get some better 
control of passengers on board 
the aircraft who become 
aggressive and violent ... ; 
someone's going to be seri- 
ously injured." he said. 

As Mr Mikhail Gorbachov 
the Soviet leader, intensified 
his fight against corruption, a 
Soviet criminal investigator 
disclosed that he and his 
family had received threats of 
violence from high- ranki ng 
officials whom be was interro- 
gating on suspicion of 
corruption. " . 

The admission, primed in 
the weekly supplement of 

Izvestia. was one of the first 

public acknowledgements that 
senior officials feced with 
criminal proceedings had re- 
sorted to physical threats 
against the detectives trying to 
bring them to book. 

Mr Vladimir Kalinichenko, 
a senior investigator at the 
state prosecutor’s office, said 
he had taken the threats so ser- 
iously that be was now driving 
his daughter every morning up 
to the gates of her school 

“I explained to her that this 
was bfing done not because 
daddy was snooty, but out of 
necessity,” be stated. 

“It cannot be excluded that - 
those who committed especi- 
ally grave and dangerous 
crimes will see the main threat 
to their well-being in an 
investigator, and will go to 
extremes,” he added. . 

Asked if officials sometimes 
hinted that they had patrons ' 
in high places, he said: ^This is 
subsiding now.” 

i j-V' 
r i 




v <.. . • ,,/m 


Over the next few days, nearly five million 
people will receive bad tidings from the TSB. 

Some will be sent only a fraction of the shares 
that they asked for. 

Millions more will get nothing at all. 

Either way, you could suddenly find yourself 
with a lot of spare cash looking for a home. 

At Lloyds Bank we would like to offer a 
suggestion. Put your money into our High 
Interest Cheque Account. 

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rate of interest. Currently 7.20%* net p.a. on 
balances over £2500, payable every quarter: 

(If you leave your money and interest to 
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instantly available. 

You can simply withdraw cash from one of 
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If you’re looking to sink a little of your 
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be particularly useful. 

Especially since your money won’t stop 
earning interest until your cheque is cashed. 
(If it’s returned, you’ll lose nothing at all.) 

From 27th October you’ll also be able to 
make use of Lloyds Bank Sharedeal. 

Ybu can buy or sell shares at a fixed rate of 
commission in any of our 2200 branches. 

You can take advice from our brokers free of 
charge. And you won’t be restricted to the us ual 
minimum deposit of £2500 when you open the 


If you would like more information, call in 
at your local Lloyds Bank branch. 

You’ll find it’s not just the TSB who like to 
say “yes”. 




■ 1 1 1 uur luhnct: drop* below Z2 <00. a lower me of inn-roc wtl I be paid. The High Interest Cheque Account u available from Lloyds Bank Pic. 71 Lombard Street. London EOP JBS. 

The interest rates shown are rhe annual races of interest paid net of basic rare cax. The tares may vary. 

Weinberger in China 

US supports the 
‘middle kingdom’ 

From Robert Grieves, Pelting 

In an interview conducted 
by ABC News In Peking on 
Wednesday, Mr Caspar Wein- 
berger, the US Defence Sec- 
retary, pledged continued 
American military support for 
China's “equidistant” foreign 
policy between the two 

Mr Weinberger, who is in 
China for a week's visit, said 
that the US had already signed 
numerous technological agree- 
ments with China “involving 
such things as large calibre 
artillery ammunition, defen- 
sive systems, logistical sys- 
tems, communications sys- 
tems, things of that kind that 
will help them defend their 

He added: “And we're going 
to continue to do this to 
whatever extent the Chinese 
people would like us to. We 
think the security and sov- 
ereignty of China is an enor- 
mously important factor in 
the security of the world." 

Asked if he thought China's 
foreign policy would, “over 
the long haul” be equidistant 
to both the United States and 
die Soviet Union, or if it 
would lean more towards the 
US, Mr Weinberger replied: 
“They are, after afi, the Mid- 
dle Kingdom, so h would not 
be amiss if they were equi- 
distant from everybody." 

Asked if he thought the 
ninth round of high level Sino- 
Soviet talks now underway in 
Peking posed a threat to 
developing ties between the 
US and China, Mr Weinberger 

replied: “I don't think these 
talks have been a thrift- 
because the Soviets have 
shown no movement toward 
removing the three obstacles 
that the Chinese quite pnra- 
erly say stand in the way ora 
better relationship.” 

The three obstacles died by 
the Chinese are the Soviet 
invasion of Afghanistan, Sov- 
iet support for the Vietnamese 
invasion of Cambodia, and 
the deployment of Soviet di- 
visions on the Sino-Soviet 

In a 3 y? -hour working ses- 
sion on Wednesday with Mr 
Zhang Aiping, China's De- 
fence Minister, Mr Wein- 
berger discussed those issues 
as well as the deployment of . 
Soviet missiles in Asia and the 
growth of the Soviet Pacific 

Today Mr Weinberger is 
scheduled to meet Mr Drag 
Xiaoping, China's paramount 

Mr Weinberger: vow to 
continue support. 

Peking seeks more ties 
with North Koreans 

From Our Own Correspondent, Peking 

In the wake of its participa- 
tion in the Asian Games in 
South Korea, China is seeking 
to strengthen its diplomatic 
ties with North Korea, accord- 
ing to Western diplomats in 

“The North Koreans are 
unhappy that China, for the 
first time; seat five planeloads 
or athletes directly to SeonL” a 
diplomat said yesterday. 

“Even though permission to 
do so took the Chinese months 
to negotiate, the North Kore- 
ans believe that they have been 
betrayed by Peking." 

China's overtones to Pyong- 
yang have come as Moscow 

Talks between Norib and 
South Korea on sharing the 
1 988 Olympic Games are 
likely to reopen later this year, 
Mr Juan Samaranch of the 
International Olympic Com- 
mittee said yesterday (Reuter 
reports from Tokyo). 

attempts to woo Mr Kim H 
Snug, North Korea's Presi- 
dent. with offers of military 

At stake for China is the 

.. . «y- 1.HWB is uk 

political and military stability 
of the Korean peninsula. In the 

DBSt fis* VMM > 

P«st five years, Peking has 
wade efforts to step up its 
modKftmwray trade with 
aouth Korea while it main - 
foms good diplomatic relations 
with North Korea. 

The new Soviet conrtship of 

North Korea threatens to on- 
set China's diplomatic bal- 

UBOTg act, the sources said. 
The North Koreans have 

consistently denied that the 
Russians are influencing 
them, but the Chinese do not 
seem to believe it,” said an- 
other diplomat. 

Both China and the Soviet 
Union signed treaties of nm- 
tnal co-operation and friend- 
ship with North Korea fo 
1961. at the time of the Sino- 

Soviet break. Earlier, China 
had supported North Korea 
daring the Korean War. 

This year, Pyongyang has 
begun to alllow Soviet aircraft 
to overfly its territory and in 
July allowed Soviet naval 
vessels to tie np at the North 
Korean port of Nampo daring 
ceremonies maHrfitg 25 years 
of friendly diplomatic ties 
between the two countries. 

In exchange, Moscow has 
sentMig 23 fighters to Pyoag- 
yang. Details of direct military 
sales, if any, involving the two 
countries were not immedi- 
ately available. 

. Daring the July celebra- 
tions m Pyongyang, Soviet and 
Chinese delegations reported- 
ly vied to win the favour of Mr 

“The Chinese delegation 
was more senior in rank, but 
the Soviets were prepared to 
folk about substantive military 
issues,” said a foreign ob-, 
server in Pelting. 

On Tuesday, President 1J 
returned to Peking from * 
four-day goodwill trip: to; 

On Wednesday, the official 
People's Daily published half a' 
l»ge of pictures showing 
crowds of Koreans greeting.-. 
Mr Li, ami of Mr Li and Mr -. 
Kira riding together through ' 

During Mr U's visit, he and . 
Mr Kim discussed North 
Korea's seventh . five-year 
plan, the Vietnamese oocnpa-. 
tion of Kampuchea and peace ■ 
talks whh Seonl, according to 
foe People's Unify. 

China has supported North 
Korea’s attempt to set np folks 

involving the military com- 
zanders of North Korean and 
Sontb Korean forces, as well 
as the commander of Ameri-’ 
can forces in South Korea. 

To date, the United States 
and Sooth Korea have refesed 
to attend such talks. 

1 - .. 




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g” Vfcle"h^ i TgSii5 

Sid h |t d f? th ofazo ° presented 
aid Jenkins with his last case 

™ri« * «?- l 9 *?* (BBC1 >' » 

,ll Icb J bas served to 
Sf n rad . the deplorable send- 
mentality of the English. Mr 

whirt* had a fortni Rht in 
ch *« "rehome” the in - 
Rnin S of knnresborough Zoo; 

[our of them were 
"je homed in a builders' skip 
niter lethal injections. As. 

though m f era j soijdar^y^ a ' 

wild mink broke into the zoo 
and had to be chased out. 

The Life and Loves of a She 
Dfwl (BBC2) introduced a 
wild mm of a wronged wife 
hellbent on prising her hus- 
band from the clutches of a 
roman lie novelist. One never 
reall> knows with Fay Weldon 
whether she is sending herself 
up: her characters trad to 
resemble people in books more 
than they do people in life. 
Crisply filmed though it is, the 
present adaptation flirts with 
Mills and Boon dirties in a 
pretty fruitless way, leaving 
the impression of a failed 
comedy. The first meeting 
between the lovers was han- 
dled with amazing clumsiness, 
and it is going to be hard work 
caring about the “sexual 
suicide** of the marriage. 

Perhaps they should have 
consulted the brace of cooing 
sex therapists in The Trouble 
with Sex (BBC2L a stringently 
unsalacious new series on the 
experts for whom human be- 
ings are (no kidding) “re- 
sources for lovemaking". Last 
night, an actor phtyii^ a 
husband troubled _ with im- 
potence was taught “sensate 
focus" therapy with an actress 
playing bis wife. Someone 
somewhere may indeed have 
benefited from the advice 
proferred. bat the pro- 
gramme's prime achievement 
will surely have been to 
encourage viewers in wanting 
to caress naked actors or 

Martin Cropper 

Domingo scores a rare century 


Music Center, Los 

When Pfacido Domingo sang his 
first Oleilo, in Hamburg in the 
early Seventies, not even the sagest 
of the sage could have predicted 
that his hundredth stage appear- 
ance in the pan would take place in 
Los Angeles. Id those days LA was 
virtually a town without opera, at 
least on an international level and 
the last time it could boast a major 
resident company was back in the 

Then in 1982 the Falstaff under 
Giulini. co-produced with Covent 
Garden, gave it a taste for the real 
thing. Visits from the Royal Opera 
and then the Deutsche Open 
Beilin, whetted the palate further. 
And this week the Music Center 
Opera Association has its inaugural 
season: with new productions of 
Oieilo and Salome (by Sir Peter 
Hall) to follow. Grand opera is 
back in town. 

And in Tinseltown, a city not 
lacking expertise when it comes to 

The search for peace against imperious villainy: Pladdo WZIflli 
(right) in his new interpretation of Otello withSherrill Mflnes's 1 

hie stars, it is advisable to go 

for the top. even if you do not 
happen to be making movies. The 
top at the moment is Domingo's 
Otello. That hundredth perfor- 
mance was to have been in 
Chicago, but the Mexican earth- 
quake put paid to that. So to LA 


goes the honour: it is one well 
worth acquiring. 

Domingo has not sung the part 
since making Franco Zeffirelli's 
film and. with his director. Gotz 
Friedrich, has completely re- 
thought the role. One of Domingo's 
supreme qualities is his refusal to 
trail an interpretation from house 
to house as a kind of visiting card. 
If his LA Otello is far from 
Zeffirelli's Catholic interpretation 
of a warrior who embraces an alien 
faith and then is forced to discard 
it. it is equally far from the raging 
bull that was seen Hamburg. 

The Otello Domingo now gives 
us is the warrior tired of war and 
arms, who seeks repose in the 
bosom of his wife. Before the Love 
Duet begins he even sinks in 
fa tigue on a convenient rock. She is 
his prop and. as lago himself 
remarks at the start of Act II. his 
control: “II Duce del nostro Duce”. 
His downfall is that the prop is bit 
by bit knocked away from beneath 
him and without it Otello is 
finished — “Otello fiT. 

Domingo makes him a figure 
gaum and weary in all but those 
outbursts of rage and emotion 
which he draws up from the well of 
his resources. And weary, of 
course, in all but voice. The tenor is 
back in shining quality, with 
perhaps less of the baritone timbre 

than before. Domingo now calls 
less on sheer volume and more on 
delicately shaped sound, often 
starting with the softest of notes. In 
Act III “Dio! mi potevi scagliar" 
began almost in a whisper, building 
up to its inevitable crescendo. This 
new Otello is a former man of war 
in search of peace, which he loses 
entirely when he is forced to put on 
his Moorish clothes once more to 
kill Desdemona. 

Gabriela Benackova. who was 
conveniently singing Jenufa up the 
coast in San Francisco before she 
does so in London, filled in that 
pan at 4S hours' notice after the 
designated soprano. Daniela Dessu 
pulled out through illness. By good 
fortune she fitted in with 
Domingo's middle-aged interpreta- 
tion by providing a wife both 
sturdy and supportive —until she is 
forced to be otherwise. The creamy 
tones, rich and blessedly accurate, 
recalled Margaret Price. The Wil- 
low Song was delivered with 
exceptional vocal control, the Ave 
Maria a bit plummy. 

If memory serves. Sherrill 
Milnes was lago to Domingo's 
Otello in Hamburg. The voice took 
a little time to warm up and An 1 
found him squeezing out some of 
the notes. Later, using his height 
and presence and spurred by 
Dommgo. this became an lago of 
imperious villainy, at its best when 
trickling poison into Otello's ear in 
“Era la none”. Praise too for 
Jonathan Mack's Cassio. a golden 

boy with the right voice for a 
Fenton, should anyone be sear- 

Gotz Freidrich's production 
started stodgily. with unconvincing 
polythene waves coursing across 
the "stage. The mood was too often 
Teutonic — soldiers who might 
have done a bit of mercenary work 
after the Thirty Years War — rather 
than Venetian-colonial. But when 
his three principals were at the 
centre of the action the touch was 
sure, despite a composite set by 
Gunther Schneider-Siemsscn. 
which proved oddly unmalleable 
for the scene changes - the opera 
was played with a single inter- 
mission — and until the final act 
none too atmospheric. 

Lawrence Foster's players, bas- 
ically the LA Chamber Orchestra 
augmented, were at their best in the 
most intimate passages of the 
score. They will have plenty of 
opporluniles to show their paces 
now that opening-night nerves are 
over in Butterfly and Salome, of 
which more anon. Thanks to its 
singers and its general admin- 
istrator, Peter Hemmings (former 
Scottish Opera, former LSO). the 
Music Center Opera has got off to a 
high-class start and the LA audi- 
ence. u'hich dearly has a taste for 
the big time they have been 
deprived of for so long in this field, 
were on their feet with applause 
within a moment of curtain-fall. 

John Higgins 

Central Ballet of 

Sadler’s Wells 

Most of the second pro- 
gramme by the Chinese Ballet 
at Sadler's Wells consists of 
works created for the com- 
pany. The one exception. An- 
ton Dolin’s Variations for 
Four . justifies its place by 
revealing the high quality of 
the male dancers. I cannot 
remember a better account of 
this bravura showpiece since 
the exceptional cast for whom 
it was made almost 30 years 
ago. Remounted in China by 
Dolin in 1983. not long before 
his death, it is built with spirit, 
style and nice dean technique 
by all four men. Zhao Minhua 
is outstanding in the last solo, 
with its tricky changes of 
tempo and manner. 

The programme opens with 
part of the most famous 
Chinese ballet. Red Detach- 
ment of Women. Set during 
the Chinese civil war, it shows 
a slave girl, trying to escape 
from a cruel master, beaten 
and left for.dead, but saved by 
revolutionary scouts who in- 
vite her to join the women's 
battalion that gives the ballet 
its name. Jiang ZuhuTs stag- 
ing is full of atmospheric 
detail aided by Ma Yung- 
hong’s mysterious woodland 
setting. The bold miming of 
Wang Yanping as the girl Zhu 
Yueping as her rescuer, and 
several nasty viilians, has 
conviction, and this 20- 
minute extract left me wanting 


to see the rest of the ballet. 

The most substantial offer- 
ing is The Maud cf the Sea, a 
ballet in two acts based on a 
Chinese folk-tale. It is a 
revised, condensed version of 
a work from the company's 
earliest days, supervised then 
by the Russian baflet-master 
Pyotr Gusev. 

Presumably because of bis 
influence, it has similarities 
with The Humpbacked Horse, 
a work that convinced 19th- 
century Russians of their abil- 
ity to use national themes and 
dance traditions in ballet. This 
does the same for China, 
drawing on folk-dances (there 
is a delightfully comic number 
for four men with adaptable 
fimny hats) and the acrobatics 
of the so-called Peking Opera. 

The adventures of the hero, 
a hunter who rescues a sea- 
nymph from a mountain de- 
mon, include being plunged 
beneath the waves — cue for a 
pretty underwater ballet — 
temptation by a snake spirit 
(Xue Quingbua, whose arms 
undulate with seductive spite) 
and such demonic tricks as a 
colourful bouquet that sud- 
denly turns black and noxious. 

Zhang Weiqiang dances 
boldly as the hunter; Ou Lu 
relishes his diabolical and 
often funny possibilities as the 
demon; and Seng Ying dances 
beautifully, although lacking 
pathos, as the sea-maiden. 
The company as a whole 
impresses greatiy. 

John Percival 


Young Vic 

Wonderful though she is in the 
rote, there are other good 
reasons for seeing this revival 
besides Vanessa Redgrave's 
performance of Mrs Aiving. 

Ibsen in mutton-chop whis- 
kers may be a thing of the past, 
but previous encounters with 
Ghosts have persuaded me 
that it is a masterpiece more 
revered (not to say dreaded) 
than loved: and that, for all its 
incomparable plot structure 
and decorations of joy. the 
prevailing experience is of 
being shut up in an airless 
room amid the Norwegian 
darkness. Jonathan Miller's 
1974 Greenwich production 
did something to banish the 
claustrophobia. But for sheer 
tonal and rhythmic variety, 
comedy, and the sight of 
characters escaping Ibsen's 
grip to lead their own lives, 
David Thacker's production 
comes as a great and un- 
expected gust of fresh air. 

For a start, the text, adapted 
in rehearsal from Peter. 
Watts's translation, d eaves 
perfectly to the character of 
each speaker and the changing 
moods of the play. One exam- 
ple must suffice. At the end of 
Act 1, the off-stage giggles of 
Oswald and Regina evoke the 
ghost of the philandering Cap- 
tain. In one standard transla- 
tion Mrs Aiving then has the 
line: “The couple in the 
.conservatory — walk”. Here, 
Miss Redgrave staggers as if 
about to feint, then says “The 


man and the woman are 
walking again". It is a moment 
of Jamesian horror. 

In the text so in the 
performance, everything is 
done to intensify and make 
explicit elements which are 
often relegated to the subtext: 
in forecasting Regina's hidden 
parentage in her seductive 
approaches to Manders, clar- 
ifying Engstrand's sanctimo- 
nious blackmail of the Pastor 
or dropping a hint (which 
even Ibsen left unexplored) 
that Manders rejected Mrs 
Aiving as much through im- 
potence as moral duty. 

Mrs Aiving and Manders 
can only be discussed in their 
relationship to each other 
and, in Tom WiDdmson, Miss 
Redgrave Ins a partner of 
matching weight Throughout 
they pursue the double roles of 
priest and lapsed parishoner, 
and of failed lovers. The irony 
is that Mr Wilkinson has all 
the authority in the first 
department and Miss Red- 
grave all the authority in the 
second. There is a wonderful 
moment in Act II when she 
challenges his' moral claims, 
and he collapses as a defeated 
private man putting up no 
resistance when she winds her 
arms around his neck. 

The other long-distance 
irony is that Mrs Aiving is 
clearly more gifted than he in 
the supposedly masculine 
world of business affairs; and, 
after submitting to his finan- 
cial arrangements in the first 
act. she curtly gathers the 

papers together and dismisses 
him once the orphanage has 
burnt down. 

Mr Wilkinson does not only 
strive to make Manders the 
bigot seem likeable. He 
chooses the subtier and more 
faithful course of presenting 
him as a hopelessly divided 
character; forcing himself into 
declarations of pious indigna- 
tion which he is able to mouth 
thanks only to the gullible 
naivety which, in other 
circumstances, is one of his 
most his endearing traits. 

The clue to Miss Redgrave's 
performance is its practicality. 
She is never an actress to 
discharge torrents of static 
emotion; when she welcomes 
an unwanted visitor with a 
bright smile, or makes her 
stony confession, or explodes 
into sudden anger, it is be- 
cause she wants to make 
something happen. When it is 
done, she wipes the slate 
dean. And. when past tightens 
its grip on present, she alone 
remains down-to-earth. 

Mrs Aiving has gone 
through all this before in her 
ghastly marriage, and she 
knows bow to keep up appear- 
ances. It is only when the news 
of Oswald's malady strikes 
home that we see her as the 
coward she claims to be: 
fleeing distracted over the set 
before being brutally captured 
by the doomed boy (Adrian 
Dunbar), and finally bending 
low to the floor, morphine in 
hand, in an ecstacy of irreso- 
lute grief. 

Irving Wardle 

Partners of great and matching weight: Tom Wilkinson and 
Vanessa Redgrave (photograph by Donald Cooper) 

% *‘ k 



Festival Hall 

Much as I admired AndnS 
Previn’s profusely pictorial 
interpretation of Vaughan 
Williams's A London Sym- 
/»//. wr a few weeks ago, it has 
been eclipsed — in my mem- 
on. anyway — by Bernard 
Haitink’s more profound 
reading here. Haitink has 
uncovered a dark, disturbed 
strain which one would hardly 
tone believed the folky 

rf.Klirt ItJ'C 

Vaughan Williams was ca- 
pjblc of expressing - not 
• - before writing his startling 
Fourth Symphony, anyway. 

I 'nusual signs were appar- 
ent carlv. in the hushed in- 
troduction Haitink gave dis- 
vi nances uncommon weight, 


transforming simple contra- 
puntal astrmgencies into 
something foreboding One 
sensed that the whole pro- 
grammatic paraphernalia — 
"Bloomsbury Square in Nov- 
ember", “distant sounds of 
the Strand", even the work's 
title - was going to be swept 
aside, exposed as another of 
Vaughan Williams’s famous 
verbal smokescreens encoding 
his music's real -emotional 

The succeeding allegro in- 
tensified this feeling Haitink, 
blending instrumental timbres 
masterfully, made something 
very sinister — even grotesque 
— of the sul ponticelli effects 
and muted-horn intrusions. 
The fast pace, the deliberately 



over-jaunty strut of the street 
tunes: it conveyed a brittle, 
rather callous city, and it set 
one musing over this work's 
origins. Although conceived 
before the First World War, it 
was extensively rewritten dur- 
ing that slaughter. The super- 
ficial chirpiness of even the 
“distant sounds of the Strand" 
had, in that time, been ex- 
posed as a cruel facade. 

Haitink's shaping of this 
first movement decided his 
whole interpretation, which 
was persuasively imple- 
mented by the London Phil- 
harmonic Orchestra. The 
Nocturne had a similarly dan- 
gerous excitability: ver y swi ft 
(the rapport between strings 
and wind was excellently se- 
cure). conveying the feeling of 
time running out. 

Then came the cry of an- 
guish at the finale's beginning, 
the march-tune paced with 
immense sadness (played like 
this it certainly evoked the 
hunger-march that some say it 
depicts) and. near the end, a 
remarkable, quasi -Mahlerian 
emphasis on a high violin line, 
straining discordantly to es- 
cape from the march's sombre 
harmonic implications. 

It would be difficult to find 
a more apt symbol for the 
social tragedy Vaughan Wil- 
liams might have been 
expressing in A London 

Richard Morrison 

Messiaen’s new mementoes 

Jennifer Bate 



Cascading trenchantly into 
this great brick cavern on 
Tuesday night came Mes- 
siaen's most recently com- 
pleted work, Livre au Saint 
Sacrement, performed with 
the unashamed positiveness, 
wide-ranging colour and sheer 
virtuosity one has come to 
associate with Jennifer Bate's 

The work, given here for the 
first time in Britain, was set 
securely on what will clearly 
be a much-performed course, 
even if in future one is 
probably more likely to hear 
extracts than the whole thing 
The 18 sections of the Livre 
lack the unity of Messiaen's 
preceding oigan cycle, the 
Trinity meditations, and they 
are too many to cohere by 
contrast in the manner of Les 
Corps glorieux or the Livre 
d'orgue. . 

One is faced, rather, with a 
sequence of illustrations in the 
manner of La Nalivili du 
Seigneur, and most of the 
movements return to earlier 
times in their simplicity of 
form and gesture. Although it 

lasts for close on two hours, 
the work is not a consumma- 
tion of Messiaen's organ 
composing but rather a gar- 
land of mementoes. 

The larger design, with its 
mirroring “septenaries”, as in 
the oratorio La Transfigura- 
tion, is a matter more of 
descriptive intention than of 
musical form. The first 
septenary concerns Christ’s 
bodily life on earth, the second 
his continuing presence in the 
sacrament; and the whole is 
introduced by a group of four 
short movements concerned 
with the act of faith. . 

In executing this plan 
Messiaen bas been led into 
areas he has touched only 
rarely: there is, most notably, 
a depiction of the Crucifixion 
in drilling sustained dis- 
sonances. But, much more 
commonly, the style and sub- 
stance are familiar. There are 
bird-songs, all collected in the 
Holy Land, although their 
presence is relatively re- 
strained except in one move- 
ment made up entirely of 
them (“The Joy of Grace"). 

There is a good deal of 
plainsong in the work, and of 
course great tracts of modal 
harmony, rampaging or still. 
“The Two Walls of Water", 

seeing God in the divided Red 
Sea and the split Host, will 
join the earlier showpieces in 
the virtuoso style Messiaen 
inherited from his master 
Dupre. “The Risen and the 
Light of Life” will make a 
gloriously barbaric exit pro- 
cessional with its opening and 
dosing fanfares for trumpets 
and immense contra-bas- 

There is also a wordless 
sacred drama (on Christ's 
risen appearance to Mary 
Magdalen), besides the awe- 
some chorales and timeless 
meditations that give this 
diverse work its main features. 

Paul Griffiths 


Palace Theatre 

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Mixed success for mingled sexes i < 1 



^ yV Part 4: Co-ed schools 

\ The tide may be 
I turning towards co- 
I educational schools, 
f but their objectives 

are often very 

different from those 
of the traditional 
single-sex colleges. In their new survey 
Amanda Atha and Sarah Drnmmond found 
more emphasis on character-forming than 
on academic success in the top 20 schools 


W e found much ex- 
cited talk about co- 
education in the 
private boarding 
sector, though a 
wishy-washy approach to what it 
actually is. The definition of a co- 
ed school adopted -by the Indepen- 
dent Schools Information Service 
(ISIS), the propaganda arm of the 
independent sector, is one with 
both sexes throughout and treated 
equally, although there is some 
talk of a minimum 25 per cent of 
whichever sex is thinner on the 

Boy/glrt ratios vary wildly 
from 240/32 at Rannoch to 
1 72/1 73 at Bedales. At Bryan ston, 
incidentally, where there are two 
boys to every girl, the bead, Tom 
Wheare, said: “If parents ask why, 
I say that is the proportion of men 
to women in top management, in 
the son of careers these pupils will 
eventually go in to." 

The problem of boarding co-eds 
is far more complex than that of 
day co-eds, which are backed up 
■by a long tradition in the main- 
tained sector. Very few boarding 
schools started out with the inten- 
tion of being co^d. Wymo nriham 
was one and MiUfiekf another. 
Even Bedales, founded in 1-S93 
and the oldest, had three years 
with boys only. Many private co- 
eds were founded m response to a 
desire to break away from tra- 
dition and to ' be run along 
“progressive” lines. 

The majority of the co-ed 
boarding schools we visited were 
boys' schools' feeling the winds of 
change and most especially the 
chill winds .of economic do 
pression (particularly in Scotland, 

where buildings are harder to heat 
and converted co-eds come in high 
proportion). The logistics of 
putting the two sexes together are 
very complex — extra space, two 

sets of dorms, locks on layatones, 
a sewing room, more tennis courts 
and staff with experience. Striking 
the balance between co-existence 
and foil integration is difficult, but 
when it works, it is very much in 

I n da« there is a school of 
thought (pushed by girls' 
schools) that boys are more 

riftmanHing but WG did OOt 

observe this to any startling 
extent. Having sat in on co-ed 
classes, we noticed that boys' 
voices tend to drown the gills', 
though this was more marked 
where girls had come in only at 
VI th form. We found girls at co- 
eds, like the boys, questioning, 
articulate and prepared to .be 
challenged in class. 

We round academic results to be 
lower compared with single-sex 
establishments, but the compari- 
son is misleading because co-eds 
tend to be comprehensive in 

intake and genuinely keen to 
develop the whole person 
Out of class, the hands-on 

experience on a day-to-day 
wnrk un a fine head ot s 

can work up a fine head of steam. 
We found canoodling in rhodo- 
dendrons, libraries and studies. 
Being constantly thrown together, 
argues the head of Wyraondham, 
means they are not winding up to 
Saturday night. “Now it’s break- 
fast, lunch and tea together — 
more like a family." 

However, we did observe some 
intense relationships, which 
would have been kept at arms 
length by post at angle-sex 
establishments. We heard “of far 
more messed-up A levels and 
other similar symptoms at boys 
schools with VI th form gins. 
Heartaches, heartbreaks and 
friendships seemed to survive 
more readily at co-eds. 

What stands out is that boys and 
girls co-exisring were far more 

mature - and a good deal man; 
natural — than their pots « 
single-sex schools. The girk m 
noticed, are less giggly, more a&fe 
to cope and more experfcaceKn 
many fields, be it auptatSf 
handling a gun or electron 
their sisters at all-girls schotit 
Boys seem for less likdy to regard 

girls as sissies -or, for that matter 

to stigmatize a boy weak at ruri™. 
but strong at art as a sissy, 





O ur impression is tb«t- 
despitc huge demands 

put on heads and staff 

running successful co- 
ed schools, there are 
going to be more of them. Ru- 
mours are abroad about some of 
the roost famous bays? school 
toying with the idea — Marl- 
borough, Westminster, Rugby - 
and as James Sabben-Clare, bead 
of Winchester, observed:- “Let’s 
just say it's high on our list of 

>v .. \ 

#•' 1 


key, so a pupil has to organize much 



of his/her own timetable. (Univer- 
sities find Bryanstonfans far better 

Vital statistics 

Pupils: 470 boys. 430 girts; all day; 
ages: 11-18. C of E. Foe-paying 

Head; Mr DA. Fenner (since 1979). 
Open-minded and approachable. 
Academic matters; Realistic aca- 
demic emphasis, with exam results 
solid rather than brilliant. Particu- 
larly strong on sciences — O 
ievetetectrorrtes about to be in- 

Games, options. Hie arts: Two 
afternoons a week of sport wide 
choice includes water polo and golf. 
Voluntary Combined Cadet Force. 
Impressive music and drama. 
Background and atmosphere: Un- 
pretentious late-Victorian main 
school flanked by purpose-built 
blocks. Accepted girts In 1975. 

The pupils: Robust, energetic, very 

mixed socially. 

Bottom line: £840 per (arm. 
Remarks: Appreciated by parents 
who don't want their offspring set in 
a public school mould. 

sities find Bryartstonfana far better 
prepared than most public school 
products.) Modem languages es- 
pecially strong. 

Games, options, the arts: Excep- 
tional. Outstanding music; drama a 
speciality (stupendously equipped 
theatre). Arts disappointing; bund- 
ing protect underway for COT 
centre. Rugby strong, minor sports 
- forestry, orienteering, adventure 
training — very popular. 
Background and atmosphere: 
Exceptionally friendly a tmo sp here. 
Remarkably untostitutional. despite 
a highly-structured work system. 
The pupils: High proportion of 
London-based communicators 
(writers, journalists) among parents. 
Bottom tine:" £2,125 per term 


Remarks: "Even if we insisted on 
left-handed redheads, we'd stifl be 
oversubscribed," the head says. 
Particularly good for odrfoaHs. 





• Vital statistics 
Pupils: 172-bays. 173 girls; 299 
board, 48 day; ages: 13-18. Non- 
denominational. Fee-paying. 

Head: Mr Euan MacAlpine (since 
1984). Very popular, immensely 
charming, direct, capable, warm. 
Academic matters: Impressive, 
particularly considering less time is 
given for academic studies than at 
other schools. Staff committed to 
philosophy of educating tin whole 
person. Small classes, non-compet- 
itive. no prizes etc. 

Games, options, the arts: Justifi- 
ably famous lor its arts and design 
centre work. Music outstanding. 

Head: Mr Derek Glover (since 
1972). Quiet, firm manner. 
Academic matters: First year con- 
sists of mixed ability, thereafter 
setting in every sutriect "Maths and 
sciences very good." 

Games, options, the arts: Good 
rugby teem. Compulsory games 
unta VKh form. Large, attractive 
playing fields. Own farm breeds 
Jersey cattle, goats, pigs. etc. 
Background and atmosphere: 
Founded in 1571 and a gra mm ar 
school until 1954. Reasonably 
attractive hunt buildings hide a lot of 
temporary cabins at me back; new 
bidding underway. 

Drama wtkfly popular. Enthusiasm I the pupfis: -*a real social mix," said 

the head, from local working class 

_ informal (all staff, including 
head, called by Christian names). 
The pupil* Mixed bag — much 
loved by the theatre world, media 
people, tots of divorced parents, 
smatterina of mvate 


strongly international flavour. F 

to children of wealthy farmers. 
Remarks: An outstanding com- 

F " ensive offering as many sub- 
and choices as one might find 
nany independent schools. 



tious aria very friendly — "no two 
accents the same, some re- 



Vital statistics 

Pupils: 650 boys. 220 girts; all day; 
ages: 11-18. C of E Fee-paying. 

marked. Thirty-five per cent expats. 
Bottom fine: £1 ,939 per term boairi- 
jng, £1,165 day. 




Vital statistics 

Pupils: 400 boys, 200 girts: ages: 
13-18. C of E Foe-paying. 

Head: Mr L G. D. Baker. (Mr R. C. 
Poufton, currently head of Wycfiffe 
College, from January 1987.) 
Academic matters: Very good A 
level record. Last year 93 per cant 
passed, with a thro getting grade A. 
Gamae, options, the arts Strong 
music tradition - the school band 
leads the Lord Mayor's Procession 
in London every year. 

Background and atmosphere: 



Hemi: Mr Tam Wheare (since 1983). 
Civilized, humorous. 

Academic matters: High ratio of 
staff to pupils. Self-motivation is the 



Vital statistics 

Pupa® Approx 799 boys, 433 gW 
961 board. 271 day; ages 13-11 
Non-denomkiationel. Fee-paying. 

Vital statistics 

Pupils: 290 boys. 160 gWs; 380 
board. 70 day; ages: 13-18. Norv- 
denominationaL Fee-payinq. 

Head: Mr Cameron Cochrana since 
1979). Gave one of best replies to 


The pupfl* 

ringers for The Prime of 
Brad Sa 60 per cant local, 20 per 
cent from the rest of UK and 20 per 
cent from overseas. Old boys 
Include lain Macteod and James 

Bottom lino: £1 ,930 per term board- 
ing. £1,300 day (indudes lunch and 

Remark* Major Scottish public 
school in tea English tradition, in 
transition and aiming to offer aH 
tilings to aB people. Mixed reports. 

Vital statistics 

Approx 315 boys, 94 girts; 
309 board, 11B day. C of E 



Vital statistics 

Pup3* 434 boys. 76 girts: 350 

Head: Mr Laurie Rknmer (since 
1971): Approachable, positive, kind, 
no patience with bureaucracy. 
Academic matters: Mixed. Reck- 
ons to do particularly well with 
"middle range boy or gW M who, « 
they had gone to an academic 
school, might have been sunk. 
Games, options, the arts: Games 
compulsory and excellent Hockey 
and cricket good. CCF voluntary but 
quite keen. Young Farmers' Club 

Head: Mr Hugh Wright (since 1985), 
considered a good egg in academic 

Academic m a tter s: Modest about 
academic achievement but out of 89 
A level candidates only two "tailed 
to get an A level pass". Strongest 1 
department maths. Physics, chem- 
istry and biology also good,- modem 

languages mediocre. 

Games, options, the arts: Definitely 
a games school. Strongest in out- 
ward bound and shooting. 
Background and atmosphere: 
Founded 1555. Set in 170 acres of 
beautiful North Norfolk landscape. 
Very hot an discipline. 

The puptis: Charming. Nearly an 
sons/daughters of local fanners, 
accountants, lawyers etc. 

Bottom One: Fees: £1.947 per term 
fun boarding. £1,658 weekly board- 
ing. £1,400 day. 

Remarks: Unusual and rather smart 
country public school In a quiet, oM- 
fash toned sort of way. 

Head: Principal is Mr Colin Atkinson 
(since 1970). Roto Is that of financial 
director. Head is Mr Brian Gashed 
(since 1985). 

Academic ma t te r s: Streaming and 
setting allows forail abilities to learn 
separately. Staff were dynamic and 

Games, options, the arte: 

Background and atmoaptMie: 
Founded In 1935, and orew. Buid- 

ina PUISMK AH. sons irom every- 
where, more international media /tet 
than home-grown Stoane. 

Bottom fine: Fees: £2,185 par term 
boarding C Though of course it 
wouW not include stabling your polo 

ponies"), £1,155 day. 
Remarks: You would 

Remarks: You would probably not 
send an academic child here (too 


send an academic child here (too 
easiy side-packed), but for the 
athletic, gifted, quirky, bolshie or 
dyslexic it ooukf be the answer. 



Background and atmosphere: 
Founded in 1864. Fine setting 
overlooking Framlingham Castle. 
The pupils: Healthy, happy, ener- 
getic. Manners not polished. 

Bottom fine: £1^60 per term board- 
ing. £1,002 day. 

Remark*: You could go further, pay 
more and fare worse. 

VHal statistics 

Pupils: 1.600+ boys and girls; a0 
day; ages: 11 - 18 . Non-denomina- 
ttonaL State. 


Vital statistics 

Pupils: 53° boys, 439 girts; approx 
60 per cent board; ages 1(M 8. C of 

E Fee-paying. 



Head: Mrs Margaret Pringle (ap- & rBB ^y»ng. 

pointed 19 86). 

Aotoentic matters: Much sensitive Head: Mr Graham Smallbone (sines 
tfnu^Tthas been deroted to creat- 1985). Aims to "fulfil 'talents as we 
tog a emulating syta^retevantto find mem". 

a Acadamic matters: Good overall 
bias to sdence and PPE. Keenan 

Head: Mr Graham Smallbone (since 
1985). Aims to "fulfil 'talents as we 
And mem". 

about academic education and computers. Has 

(M ° Pp0S8d house jSTISS 

to brilliant) children. didates can oat 


ssssksl— - 

Vital statistics 

Noh-denominahonaL Fee-paying, 

betimes to a 
The pupils: 


2* with Games, option, the arts: Strong to 

_«w»pfcnai musar gives free lessons if nin»e 

gives free lessons if pupBs 

pass grade 5 with merit Otherwise 
stronger on games: partieutarfv 
teen on squash and shooting. 

I would like to support the RSPCA. I enclose a donation of £100 □ £50 □ £20 □ 

£10 □ £7Q Other „ . — or charge my 

Access-'Ba rcla veard No. — — - — . 1 

Or ring our Credit Card Donation Line on 0403 61133. 

___ Postcode _ 

Return coupon with your donation to: RSPCA, FREEPOST Horsham 
Sussex. RH12 IZA. Receipt sent onlv on request 

Heed: Mr A.L Pattinson (since 
^73)- Very strong character, for- 
merhr Benedictine monk. Serious, 
dignified, with quiet sense of hu- 
mour. Wows the mothers. Previous 
■ncumbem left amidst blaze of bad 
publicity over drugs. Against 
aggressive opposition, he In- 
troduced compulsory lessons, 
morning and evening prep, and 
removed pupil power. 

Academic matter*; with 1;7 
steff/pupa ratio, academic achieve- 
ment consistently high. Competition 

discouraged but *nobSyto3S 
down on you if you work hard". 
Games, options, the arts: Games 
enjoyed for own sake retfrar than tor 
any competitive edge but pupfis 
excel at karate - somewhat to 
dismay of head 

wealth, children of parents with Background and atmnmJiom- 

deep commitment to comprehen- SSSedlffli Centura 

sive education, aid children from 1970 from dtectnmnt 

flraas nf sewvn dRnrtvatinn 9™™ 9rai™nar 

areas of severe deprivation. school n fun-blown aL 5 i 

SS,SSf ft “ srant ™ 16 ' 

racial community. 



Vital statistics 
Puptts: 224 boys, 203 girls; aU 
ages 4-18. Non-detxxnlr. 'iSc 

The laipB* Steady and natural.less 

spotty than your average co-ed. 
From &st Angus and "up and down 
the At : 25 per cent ra boarders 
foreign are! expat 

I Bottom fine: Fees: £1,859 (winter) to 
El ,979 (summer) per term boarrann 
£977 to £1,037 day. 

(ternaries: Interesting and forward- 
looking genuine co-ed. 

Hemk Mr Francis Moran (since 
1973). previously head of English at 
Bon. Shows an aptitude for fund- 


Academic matters: Most students 
stay far A levels (B3 per cent rate is 

Vital statistics 

Pupils: 240 


Glenalmond College. Perth- 
shire. has 390 boys, not 190 
as stated on Tuesday. 

stay tot a mveis pa per cent rate is Pup«s: 240 boys. 32giri* all but one 
N®'* or two boa3; OB1W8, NoS 
w^irterteb: The aim is computer denominational. Fee-paying 

literacy for aB". 

Gamas, options, the arts: Sport is 
■fompuisory until the IVth form. 
Background and atmosphere: 
WeH-known progressive school, 
established in 1897. in a spreading 
qresn campus near Gokjars Great? 

Heath Mr Michael Barratt (since 

Academic matters: Very small 
Classes - ranging from one to it 
per teacher — ana occasionally gets 

spectacular exam results. Gifted rf 
unorthodox teachers. 

Games, options, the arts: Good on 

such as Dutch and Norwt 
with tots of exchange visits 
Games, options, the arts: F 

theatre, music, art Canoeing, fire- »gope forttie 
fighting. and **- 

partitions form a large of the 
curriculum. GoH course, rifle range, 
swimming pooL safling etc. 

Background and atmosphere: 

Founded 1959 as breakaway from i 
Gordonstoun. loosely based on Kurt Jcriatet. 
Hahn's prindplesof character train- I Backm 

ing. In the middte of nowhere. 
The puptis: Standard pubfic s 

The pufOm Standard pubfic school 
intake; large numbers from abroad. 
Bottom fine: £1,580 per term. 
Remarks: Very tough and bleak. 

mweter. Also has a TV studio. 


Background and atmosnhM 
FOunoad 141 a Staggering nscov 
growth - m 1920 ^re-ww?« 
pupils. Borders on 1.000 acres of' 
Knote Park. 

The pupfis: Mainly from the soqm 

out 'the best in the least I east Upper ntiddlB dass and ■ 
lie chttoran, or those reqiw- | generous sprinkling of m«S»: ^ 

alwriinfninaifialtaieMnri I P0f COdt OTO nOO-natlOntfs B]>f 

come from 37 different oaumaaL 
Children cheaftd and pofita. 
Bottom fine: £1.824 per term boan£ : 
Ing, £1,098 day. 

Remarks: (deal tar thenmsonafo 
bright aH-rounder who ikes defe®' 
things outside the classroom. 7 

Ing soma form of remedial taacrtng. 


Vital statistics 

Senior school: 410 boys. 67 gtite; 
375 board, 102 day. Junior school: 
135 boys, 60 girts; 110 board, 85 
day. Ages: 5-18. C of E Fee-paying. 


Head: Mr J Sharp (since 1972). 
Introduced girts in 1976. "Rossafl is 

a family viflage," he saw. 
Academic matters: Good exam 
results in aH subjects, strong in 

Vital statistics 
PupBs: 384 boys, 79 girts; a 
ages 11-18. Non-dinotaii 

music, art and technical design. 
Games, options, the arts: To 

options, the arts: Tough 
(tiding: no more PT to the 

central square- Rugby and erickeL 
Large indoor pool. CCF. 

Large indoor pool. CCF. 
Background and atmosphere: 
Founded in 1844, large rw&rick 
buiktings on a flat area of 145 acres 
next to the beach. Spectacular 
dining-hall, famous for exteHent 
self-service food. 

The pupfis: Fresh-faced and neat, 
from every walk of Efo. 

Bottom fine: £1 .963 per term board- 
ing, £1,353 day. 

Remarks: a new phenomenon to 
southern parents sending their chB- 
dren to good afi-rouna northern 

schools that are short on modem! accommodation, "Woodlands 

problems (drugs, etc). 



Vita) statistics 

PupVs: approx 240 boys, 240 ghis; 
229 boera, 256 day; ages: 3-19. 

Non-denominattonal. Fee-paying. 

Background and atmospharr 
Boys sleep to double cubicles: 
of bleak basins, no heal 
sleeping area during day. 

positively luxurious. Stands in ant 
150-acre q rounds. ■ 

Bottom fine: £1,760 per term. .. .£ 
Remarks: After poor reputation' W 
1950s and 1960s, now a vtotre 
choice. -Rf 




Heach Mr Cofin Reid. Young but with 
a quiet confidence and a realistic 

Academic matters: Good exam 
results: pupils are encouraged to go 
for what to right for their tocfivkhial 
standards. Domestic science, com- 
puter studies and creative arts are 
given as subjects leading to ca- 
reers, not as peripheral extras. 
Remedfad tuition is also available on 
a one-to-one basis. 

Vital statistics 
Pupfis: 299 boys, 226 c 
board, 234 day; 16 chorist 
11-18. C of E Fee-paying. 

puter studies and creative arts are SS5? s : ®? xtor J?E c * 
given as subjects leading to ca- 1986). (Was Mr Alan Quitter who 
rears, not as peripheral extras. the decision to {pi co-ed n. 

Remedtal tuition Is atoo available on 1970 and to make it a speciataL 
a one-to-one basis. music school.) 

Gomes, options, the arts: Spacious A<ademfc matters: A tevisl resuits 
playing fields; large and well- good. Strong Engteh department, 
equipped gym. squash and tennis thou 9h; * 

courts and golf and riding within rt .. has improved beyond 

easv reach. Suoerh thaatro. arts measure . 

Outstanding- You can play almost 
anything. kfiBfleid has the reputation 
of winrang: it is the despair of other 
schools, which have a"not counting 
MUifieW” approach to results. Ex- 
tras also legion: new indoor riding 
school, own pofo team, two vast 
■ sports centres, new music centre. 

equipped gym, squash and tennis 
corns and golf and riding within 
ea w reach. Superb theatre, arts 
ana crafts in plenty. Cookery a 
spaciaBty: boys and girls team home 
economics and nutrition. 

Gomes, options, the ate Divided 
into them mat hath (music) and them 

In 1935, and grew. Buid- 

very spacious grounds. BoartSng 
houses have family atmosphere. 
The pupils: Just about every race, 
colour and creed. Day children from 
prosperous Letehworth, boarders 
rajj^from aristocrats’ to miners' 

BatiomW feentort El .830 per' 
term boarding. £1.003 day. , 

into them that hath (music) and them 
that hath not with slight resentment- 
on the hath-not tide plus feeling of 
superiority on part of musicians, 
who have their own lovely medieval 
building. Keen cricketing school 
Background »nd atmosphere: 
Tucked under the shadow of tin 

glorious cathedral, much of school 
fronts on to main road through 
Wtiils, but warren-tike extensions 
sprout out behind, taking in old 
cottages, huts, huge heated open- 
air swimming pom and graMfU 
Cotswold stone houses. 


look vour 

The pupils: Mostly focal, sfightty 
scruffy uniform. ■ 


Bottom tow: 21 ,376 per term board- 
ing, £804 day. 

Remarks: New head may find it hard 
to keep standards up. 


Vital statistics 

Pupfis: 620 boys, 280 gfrts: 350 
board, 550 day: ages 11-18. Non- 
denominationaj. Fee-paying. 




Heart Mr Richard Barker 

^1 JJVitonovator who ^ 

^fttetij^^schomhaeattJe isTctfestete 

Acwteiilc ntettars: Determneoly ' 

gHo-date approach to teaching^ Head: Mr R Wc 
&ch year some of the staff take a Led fight to resis 
pbbattcal to devise curricular re- which resulted 
SSI® -SS , dev «oP "s* teaching money being rai 
g ” 8 -, Irving computer depart- being asked in P 
merit Offers unusual languages — Acaomnie matte 

Vital statistics 

Pupils: about 425 boys, 425 girts; 
about 600 board. 250 day: ages il- 
ls. C of E- State. 

Head: Mr R Wolsey (since 1971).. 
Led fight to retist closure of school, 
which resulted in large sums , of 
money being raised and questions 
being asked to Parfiament 
Acaomnie matters: Good: science. 

is its strength and wide variety of 
subjects offered. ' 

Games, options, the arts: Mam 
games: soccer, cricket, rugby. Good 
arts department Strong CCF. 
Background and atmosphere: 

Founded ln.1961, boarding houses- 
designed with two separate stair- 
cases so that boys and girls conn 
five and eaL under one roof as 
though in a tamiiy. When Mr WotW 
arrived, however, boys and gins 
were segregated to convention® 

The puplhc Social background 
■very mixed", said the head. 
Remarks: Claims Co be largest co- 
ed (state) boarding school . si 
Europe. Humble surroundings and 
some rough manners, but worth 
looking at as remarkable expan- - 
merit to co-fiving as we* as co- 

O snwnm mi —i mu> a.— mmi ii 


Adapted from The Good 
Schools Guide, a Harpers and: 
Queen PuNicatian , to be pub- 
lished by Ebury Press, on 
November 3 (price £8.95). \ 


Derek Clover: Headmaster 
Of Buford School 

On your 
marks: the top 
20 preps 

l w 




inc liivico ihUiOi/rti vA,aL>pc,iv y i>oo 



An outsider in 
the pit lane r, 

■^MTHE timeshhhbb Jj|fcJ 

profile M 

Mctaffl Wltsft 


. v For mula One season nears its climax in 
— M gyico on Sunday with Nigel Mansell on 
; 4 j — l^rget to be the first British champion 
: : \\ jor 10 ye ars. James Hqnt, the 1976 winner, 

• * s ^ared some of Mansell’s foibles and wishes 
_him well; surprisingly, few other insiders do 

'*■ f!jW 

N igel Mansell seems 
perfectly suited to the 
mantle he has as- 
sumed among British 
. sports enthusiasts and. 

indeed, the British public in 
general: that of Boys' Own hero. 
*jis disarming honesty, working- 
class charm and occasional na- 
ivety combine with his aura of 
determination to make him ideal 
material for those whose natural 
sympathy is with the underdog, 
^ei should he become the seventh 
“ nl on to win grand prix racing's 
world championship in Mexico on 
Sunday, the cheering will by no 
means be universal. 

Mansell’s qualities are well 
appreciated by those who know 
him best, starting with the devoted 
circle of his immediate family. 
Most racing drivers, and all 
British ones, face a soul-destroy- 
ing financial struggle as they daw 
their way through the junior 
classes: in Mansell’s case, the 
decision to raise capital to support 
his ambitions by selling their 
home some years ago was readily 
endorsed by his wife. Roseau ne. 
They also had to postpone their 
great desire to have children. No 
doubt they would agree that it was 
worth it: success has brought 
financial security, and they have 
two beautiful children. 

Bui there is another jury, bidden 
from the average spor ts fam which- • 
gives a running verdict on the 
worth of drivers and on then- 
potential suitability for the role of 
world champion. This is the 
collective voice of the insiders: the 
team personnel, the legislators, 
some of the senior sponsors and a 
veritable army of specialist media 

There are, perhaps, 1,000 of 
them and they make up the grand 
prix circus. The sad and bewilder- 
ing fact is that by and large they do 
not want Mansell to win. 

Like any other high-earning 
sport, grand prix racing is a very 
ego-intensive business; after all, it 
is ego — controlled ego, that is — 
which makes winners and cham- 
pions. Drivers are very protective 
of the world championship: it is 
the pinnacle to which they all 
aspire, it can only be won by one 
man in each season, and a driver's 


ego is mightily strained when a 
chap he thinks he's better than,' 
and possibly dislikes, takes the 
title. Naturally, if he cannot win it 
himself be wants it to be won by 
the driver whom he most admires, 
respects or likes (in that descend- 
ing order). Above afl. the drivers 
'Want a worthy champion. 

T his sDeut vote takes 
place all the time, and it 
is by no means un- 
common for approval to 
be withheld from the 
champion. The opinion spreads as 
drivers talk among themselves, 
forming a consensus which in? 
fluences the rest of the fraternity. 
Here lies- Mansell’s, biggest ' 
problem. V : • • _ 

A year ago, the suggestion that 
Mansell might now be in tire 
running for the world champion- 
ship Would have been pooh- 
poohed by the insiders; they have 
never seen him as bang made of 
the right maleriaL The mefe- 
morph osis that took place be- 
tween the Belgian Grand Prix at 
Spa in September last year, where 
he came second, and his victory in 
the Canadian Grand Prix at 
Montreal in June this year has 
been the most spectacular I have 
seen a driver undergo- • 

1 like to feel that, in a small and 
almost inadvertent way, I contrib- 
uted to the change. .From the time 
he first came into grand prix 
racing in 1 980, as a protege of the 
late Colin Chapman, founder and 
boss of Team Lotus, Mansell 
enjoyed a reasonably well earned 

reputation for getting over-excited 
when things were going welL At 
Monte Carlo in 1984, he and his 
Lotus were waltzing away from 
the rest of the field and heading for 
his first grand prix victory when 
he lost control on a straight — 
albeit a tricky one, and in the rain. 
Knowing, as Nigel certainly did, 
how fast he was pulling away, a 
more prudent driver would have 
slowed down in order to avoid 
such a disaster. Sadly, he picked a 
grand prix watched around the 
world by a television audience 
numbered in the hundreds of 

It . was with bis history of 
misadventures in mind that on. the; 
morning of the race at Spa, as 
Mansell was recording the fastest 
tune in wet conditions during die 
warm-up session, a friend voiced 
the opinion that he no Aanoft 
of finishing the race — adding, 
with a flourish, the offer of 
ridiculous odds. In no time at all 
my money was in his hand. 

Now I have first-hand experi- 
ence of Nigel's problem with over- 
excitement, having thrown away 
two or three grands prix when in a 
winning position before I man- 
aged to win one. Armed with my 
vested interest I decided to protect 
my stake by stressing to Nigel in 
person the importance of finishing 
races and suggesting several ways 
of driving defensively to protect a 
good position. 

In the race he stopped my heart 
twice by going off the slippery 
track, one of the excursions being 

the result of just the sort of 
Mansellian problem with which 
we were familiar. Fortunately he 
continued unscathed to second 
place — and a windfall for James. 
From then on he began to mature 

His peers remained un- 
impressed, despite a couple of 
wins — inherited through the 
misfortunes of other drivers. In 
Montreal however, he came of 
age, dominating the meeting and 
beating all comers fair and square. 
During that eight-month period, 
which included the five-month 
dose season, his whole aura had 
changed, success breeding a new 
confidence. It was a joy to see. 

When examining his suitability 
as a potential world champion, 
though, Mansell's personality 
raises many more questions than 
his new-found maturity as a 

4 Sadly, the 
fact is that 
most insiders 
do not want 
him to win} 

Nigel Mansell was bom In 
Birmingham on August 8. 1954. 
After graduating from Solihull 
College an as engineer he worked 
his way up — starling wfth go- 
kart racing. He was so badly hurt in 
one race that a clergyman 
administered the last rites, but 
Mansell told him to "buzz off.” 

As recently as 1978 ManseS was 
cleaning windows to 
supplement his earnings. His 
Formula One career: 

driver. His naivety may appear 
quaintly attractive to the public at 
home, but in the business it is 
often seen as crossing the border 
into foolishness — unacceptable in 
the sport's standard-bearer. 

Two weeks ego, Enzo Ferrari 
gave his annual press conference 
and announced his intention to 
sue Mansell for breach of contract, 
claiming that the British driver 
had signed an agreement to race 
for him in 1987 but had then gone 
on to renew his deal with the 
Wi lliams team inawirf On the 
free of it, this seems incredible 

H e had been negotiating 
with W illiam s for a 
time before this 
season's British 
Grand Prix, in an 
atmosphere somewhat strained by 
the imbalance between his wages 
and those of his team mate, the 
former world champion Nelson 

Piquet, whose retainer-- the figure 
of S3.3 million has been bandied 
about — is believed to be nearly 
five times what Mansell received, 
even though Mansell has been 
dominant on the circuit. On more 
than one occasion the team 
thought they had a deal only to 
find when it came to sorting out a 
written contract that Mansell had 
changed his mind. 

Williams, however, had a prob- 
lem of their own: Honda, the 
suppliers of their engines, had 
paid Piquet’s salary for 1986 but 
were reluctant to do so again; in 
fret they were suggesting that 

1980; Joined Lotus. No 
championship points 

1983: Finished 14th fai drivers* 

1984: Finished ninth 

1985: Joined WHBams team. 
First victory — European Grand 
Prix, Brands Hatch; also won 
South African GP 

1986: Won in Belgium, Canada, 
France, Britain and Portugal 

Williams might like to pay them a 
token fee for their services. It 
seems strange to put at risk the 
financial health of the team that 
has already given them the 
manufacturers' title and is almost 
certain to complete the job with 
the drivers* championship. 

Honda's claim to have the best 
engine is certainly true, but it is 
also true that Williams has the 
equal best, if not the best, chassis 
in which to mount it the disputed 
sum seems minuscule next to the 
amount it cost Honda to build and 
develop the engine, and a pinprick 
next to the publicity value of TV 
coverage for of their success across 
tbeir world markets. Nevertheless, 
suddenly the Williams team were 
facing the possibility of both a 
smaller budget and a higher wage 

Then came the British Grand 
Prix, and the hype that went with 
ft. Winning in similar circum- 
stances at Brands Hatch 10 years 
ago gave me the most emotional 
day of my career (in no way 
diminished by a subsequent dis- 
qualification), and ft must have 
been the same for MansriL One 
can only suppose that the exhilara- 
tion undermined his judgement, 
because his subsequent behaviour 
was reminiscent of his driving in 
the days before maturity arrived. 

Four days after Brands Hatch he 
visited the Ferrari factory, where 
he is said to have signed what 
Ena) Ferrari describes as a regular 
agreement. Mansell denies signing 
a contract, but if Ferrari followed 

his normal system when making 
deals then both parties would have 
signed a summary (in English! of 
what had been agreed at the 
meeting. If that is indeed what 
took place, then as I understand ft 
anything written above those sig- 
natures would be le^lly binding 
in both English and Italian law. 

The Ferrari people were cer- 
tainly astonished when Mansell 
broke all previous driver-signing 
records by concluding business 
within a few hours of having met 
them for the first lime: it is usually 
a protracted process. The Italians 
would also have been surprised by 
the presence of Mansell’s man- 
ager. It is not normal practice for 
managers to participate in con- 
tract negotiations between drivers 
and teams; their essential role is to 
handle commercial deals outside 
the business of racing. In the grand 
prix world, where the drivers and 
team managers know each other, 
you are expected to be abie to 
speak for yourself 

When he got back home, how- 
ever. Mansell seems to have 
changed his mind and decided to 
stay with Williams for another 
year. Perhaps an even worse 
situation was only avoided be- 
cause. after he had left the Ferrari 
offices in Maranello. the Ferrari 
people appear to have decided that 
they did not want him in the team 
after all. Remarking that Mansell's 
behaviour had "amazed" him, 
Enzo Ferrari told the press con- 
ference: "This does not alter our 
great admiration of Mansell as a 
driver, but it does show us the 
kind of person with whom we 
would have been dealing." 

The Williams team were them- 
selves less than happy after the 
Hungarian Grand Pn\, when the 
Press reported that Piquet, who 
won, had used a different and 
better differential unit in his car 
without letting on to bis team 
mate. This was blatantly untrue — 
all discoveries are pooled by the 
drivers and their respective race 
engineers in debriefing sessions 
after each practice, and they had 
simply decided on different 

W hatever ManseU 
said on the subject, 
and whoever he 
talked to. it is pos- 
sible that he got 
caught by the transition from star 
to superstar, and by the sudden 
and traumatic change in relation- 
ships with the media. He will have 
to choose his remarks with care in 

The incident in Budapest was 
consistent with criticisms made by 
members of both teams for whom 
he has driven in Formula One. A 
senior Lotus man and former 
colleague says: "He always tries 
his hardest. 100 per cent, but if the 
the car wasn't performing as he 
thought it should, he behaved as if 
the whole world was against him. - 
A member of the Williams 
management also praised his 
consistent all-out effort, making 
the point that no driver is perfect 
and that effort redeems a mul- 
titude of sins, but he also de- 
scribed Mansell as "a whinger". 

I hope his luck holds in the last 
two races. The fortune he has 
enjoyed this season has been a just 
reward for the years of struggle, 
and his driving from Canada on 
has shown Itiorto be entirely 
worthy of the title. The rough 
edges will be no problem as long as 
he shows the same capacity for 
rapid learning out of the car as in 
it. I speak from experience, be^ 
cause I was far more troublesome 
than he has been or is ever likely to 
be. I wish him all the best. 

■ a 

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Zeebrugge is a fishing port — 
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Lovelv churches, art galtenes 

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with statuary and architec- 
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In Boulogne the higher you 
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the cobbled streets within 13th 
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Possibilities for further 
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This autumn. The Times is 
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It is a book with much style and little prefudicer 

TLS April 261985 

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Peter Ackroyd reviews a study of an English 
literary vice and a contrary mode of speech 

Map to the dim 
state of Ironia 

«T JJf '“fi* enou S h ’ there is do 

1 * r d k efiQition of irony. 

J Samuel Johnson’s anempt at 

rhP * mode of speech of which 
the meaning is conirary to the 

a P? ]ied t0 ahnosl 

^ acljvi, y - including 
™jPJ n ®- ^ no one, with the 
possible exception of Chaucer, has 
exer had an ironic dream. In fact it is 
much easier to say what irony is not. 

^oir 10111 ^ ‘ s 1,01 so fonny (or so 
intelligent) as a wit. He is less 
courageous than a satirist. He is 
generally less interesting thaw a 
dandy, and certainly wears uglier 
clothes: one imagines him in some- 
trnng brown but subdued, looking 
rather like a bank-clerk, since to stand 
out would be to forfeit his uniquely 
unassuming stance.’ For similar rea- 
sons he would be neither a vegetarian 
nor a carnivore; he would probably 
eat frozen foods. 

And this- invisibility, this general 
sense of being on the margin of the 
crowd, represents both the virtue and 
the weakness of irony: the salient fact, 
and one with which Mr Enright deals, 
is that it goes largely unnoticed. Swift 
was taken entirely seriously and so, 
with more fatal results, was Socrates. 
A journalist even went so far as to 
suggest that a special typeface be 
introduced for ironic remarks, so that 
the otherwise unsuspecting reader 
might be able to recognize them;' I 
recommend a Germanic script, with 
one or two Romance additions. 

So Mr Enright's account of irony is 
as welcome as it is necessary.- He 
begins with one tentative definition 
i of his subject, suggesting that irony 
Tcan represent "an admission - that 
there are times when we marmot be'- 
sure, not so much because -we don’t 

An Essay in Irony 
By D J. Enright 
Oxford. £12.95 

know enough as because uncertainty 
is intrinsic, of the essence.'* This 
sounds like a definition of scepticism 
rather than of irony, however; since 
an ironist would, be provoked into 
such an admission only by someone 
who mus sure This is the soul of 
irony, it is essentially a reaction to 
something else; it has to be part of a 
dialogue, even if only a dialogue of 
the deaf, since it is impossible to be 
ironic in isolation.. Such an endlessly 
ironic person would be no more than 
a wraith, a horrible creature (no 
doubt, with a pipe in its mouth) 
floating out of the pages of Kierke- 
gaard and wearing a supercilious little 
grin on every conceivable occasion. 
Irony is a commodity that is always 
best in short supply. 

T he real problem is that it 
tends to issue from an in- 
concealed sense of superior- 
ity, sometimes even of 
smugness, and in some of the ironic 
anecdotes that Mr Enright includes in 
The Alluring Problem there is a touch 
of Schadenfreude among the no doubt 
more refined intellectual pleasures of 
this mode: as, for example; the story 
“of the ‘bora leader’, bossily instruct- 
ing others in where to put their feet, 
aim Ming into a ravine". Chi the 
tombstone of the' ironist should be 
jnscribed'thfc words: “I toULyou so.**: 

- But Enright’s book Is more. than a - 

collection of anecdotes: it is a 
disquisition on the nature of irony, 
and includes a panoramic survey 
from Socrates to Joseph Heller, with 
all stops in between, ft is a Micheiih 
guide to the tiny land-locked dictator- 
ship of Ironia, although, of course, 
without the stars — the ironist, of his 
nature, cannot be seen to excel at his 
role. There are no famous ironic 
remarks, either, unless the collected 
works of NoS Coward can claim the 
status of a remark. No one remem- 
bers irony, in other words; whereas 
everyone remembers wit Irony is 
functional and temporary: it is neces- 
sary to transcend irony in order to 
achieve anything of importance^ 

This of course makes Mr Enright’s 
task considerably more.difficult;-and 
although he provides very astute 
analyses of Shakespeare and Proust, 
among others, one does gelihe feeling 
that he is searching for needle pricks 
in a series of very large haystacks. In 
all such cases irony is introduced only 
as pan of a much more interesting 
design, and is really no more impor- 
tant than, for example, the use of the 
subjunctive by the same writers. Of 
course it is true that you can find 
irony anywhere if you choose to look 
for it, but so protean and irresolute a 
quality cannot be included among the 
more significant aspects of literary 

Conventional wisdom might sug- 
gest otherwise, however, and in 
recent years a case has been made for 
Irony asa“modem" inode, as a way 
of.' confronting . the absurdity and 

meaninglessness that those with very 
short memories ascribe only to the 
Twentieth Century. 

K afka is always being 
wheeled out in this capaci- 
ty, as in so many others. But 
every period has its own 
form of irony, just as every age has its 
wits and its satirists. What has 
happened in recent years, however, is 
that irony has been treated with 
unironic seriousness by academic 
literary critics, who are always ready 
to buttonhole some new term that 
might help them to make sense of that 
messy entity known popularly as 
“literature". Mr Enright himself is 
not an academic in this sense at all, 
but he has been the beneficiary of a 
literary culture that uses terms like 
“irony" in the elaborately disputative 
manner of medieval theologians dis- 
cussing “grace” or “charity". 

Nevertheless An Alluring Problem 
is a well-wriuen and engaging book. It 
is a very English book, also, combin- 
ing anecdote and opinion, theory and 
illustration. It might, I suppose, be 
defined as itself an exercise in irony 
since it sets out to define the 
resolutely indefinable. In the end it 
confirms my opinion that I would not 
want to meet a dedicated ironist on a 
dark night, or at any other rime; but 
Mr Enright himself can be exempted 
from this stricture. He cannot be an 
ironist: an ironist would never write a 
book about irony unless, of course, it 
werfc one consisting entirely of blank 



IQ-6 daily until 12 Nov 

113-119 Charing Cross Road 
London W.G 2 

Is this the ship that won at Salamis? 

The Great Times Trireme 
Correspondence of 1975 was 
started by Eric Leach on 
August 30 with a piece dis- 
cussing, largely, the trireme's 
use of saiL Five weeks, thirty- 
one letters, one fourth leader, 
and two Latin elegiac couplets 
later, it eqded. ' 

- It had been a classic corre- 
spondence, acerbic, witty, and 
entirely resistant to conclu- 
sions. Scholars wondered 
what was meant by the “very 
long day" in Xenophon’s ac- 

Hard Labour 

The Political Diary of 

His battle for 
-the truth 
behind his 



thf safety systems of an oil terminal have 


count of a journey of 130 
nautical miles completed' in 
that time— twelve hours? 
twenty-fouf? — and tentative- 
ly suggested 10-12 knots as an 
average speed for the 170- 
oared warship. Indignant 
mathematicians, spluttering 
about innumerate classicists, 
waved computers, slide-rules, 
and envelopes, announced 
what utter child's play it was 
to calculate the maximum 
speed: and produced between 
them three totally different 
sets of results. Members of 
Rowing Gubs pointed out 
that 12 knots was very good 
going indeed for a racing eight 
in top condition. Winds, cur- 
rents, and length of oar-suoke 
were discussed. Quinquireme 
of Nineveh even made a brief 
appearance, from a correspon- 
dent in distant Wey bridge. 

Now, eleven years on, the 
vision of the classical scholar 
J.S. Morrison, himself a chief 
protagonist in the Great Cor- 
respondence, and of 
JJ\ Coates, a naval architect, 
has brought us dose to the 
point where some of these 
problems may actually be 
solved. It. is a disastrous 
prospect. What will there be 
left to write- to The Times 
about? Bui, for Morrison and 
Coates' and their. Trireme 
Trust, it will be a triumph. For 
under the magnificent spon- 
sorship of -the Hellenic Navy, 
the Trust's designs have just 
about been realized, and very 
shortly a trireme will take to 
the seas again. The Athenian 
Trireme, which recounts the 
history, and reconstruction of 
an ancient. Greek warship, 
makes - essential preparatory 
reading for this great occasion. 
Times readers can call -it the 
Book of the Correspondence. 

' ' J.S. Morrison starts with a 
detailed and commenably lu- 
cid account of the history of 
the trireme from its invention 
in the Seventh Century BC 
down to. the Fourth Century. 
He has changed his views on 
its speed since the Correspon- 
dence, reckoning now that 
Xenophon’s “long day" im- 
plied fifteen hours’ rowing, 
giving an average speed of 
c.8% knots, but that the 
normal speed would be less. 
Since triremes had positive 
buoyancy, and so did not sink 
when rammed, we have to rely 
orv art, architecture and -an- 
cient texts to supply the 

Peter Jones 

ByJJS. Morrison 
&JJF. Coates 

Cambridge. £2230. 
paperback £7. 95 

Oh-op op, ob-op op together 

evidence for . the 

It is astonishing what can be 
wrung from them. The ruins 
of a shipshed at Zea give us a 
trireme's maximum, dimen- 
sions (absolutely crucial evi- 
dence); a foundered 
merchantman gives us the 
technique of hull-construc- 
tion, confirmed by Homer’s 
account of the ship Odysseus 
built when -he was released 
from Calypso's dutches; a 
bronze ram has recently been 
recovered near Haifa, (though 
not a trireme’s,, .being too 
heavy); a striking simile from 
the myth of Er in Plato’s 
Republic tells us what a 
hypozoma was and did (ropes 
girdling the hufl-from bow to 
stem to reduce bending stress- 
es); and rarely can so many 
pots and reliefs have been so 
minutely examined. 

. . Bui probably the most excit- 
ing part of the book is 

J.F. Coates's chapter on the 
fundamentals of design and 
reconstruction. With the help 
of his own superbly detailed 
line-drawings (“a thranite 
oarsman's view” etc.), he 
takes us through the problems 
of hull-design, tenon size (ten- 
ons of attested size broke 
under strain, so the boat will 
depart from autbentidty on 
this point), choice of wood 
(Douglas Fir, for its resistance 
to decay), caulking, and then 
describes the actual process of 
construction, h is all highly 
technical, but a landlubber’s 
glossary is provided (I particu- 
larly liked “futtocks", a word 
rich in semantic possibilities). 
The only important issue left 
untouched is the ' issue of 
language. I do not see how a 
trireme can hope to function if 
the bos’n does not keep the 
time of the strokes with the 
loveliest words in the ancient 
Greek language — oh-op op, 
oh-op op. 

Both men sensibly refuse to 
predid anything in the way of 
what will happen when the 
completed boat is launched 
from Piraeus at . the end of the 
year and given its sea trials in 
spring or summer 1987. But 
the original contributors to the 
Great Trireme Correspon- 
dence should surely be there, 
possibly even' as crew-mem- 
bers, when the cries of “What 
did I tell you?" and the 
pleasing crash of jettisoned 
computers should do much to 
enliven what will be, in any 
case, a historic and jubilant 
scene. As for what should be 
built next, that's easy: another 
trireme. Then we can have 
ramming trials. 

. ‘ ; COLLINS 

£9.95 ■ rn A <• its avail.4bi£ i h ?CN~ A ' jA 

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© - ■■-- -gS=ss 

This is a terrific book. In the 
political jungle of Peru, “ob- 
jective information" is sheer 
fantasy; ’To report” means lo 
interpret reality according to 
one's fears and desires: and 
Peruvians "lie, invent, dream 
and take refuge in illusion." 
Because of this, says the 
narrator of The Real Life oj 
Alejandro Mayra, life, in a 
country where few people 
read.“has become literary". 
Most South American fiction 
seems weirdly surreal, exotic, 
“literary”, to British readers 
reared bn a blander diet, and 
this is part of the reason why. 

The novel is about one 
marginal, forgotten man, a 
failed 1950s revolutionary. 
You close the book knowing 
Mayta intimately, down to the 
dirt between his toes, as if you 
had shared a bed with him. 
You are also left with an 
unforgettable impression of 
the dungheap world of Lima's 
overcrowded slums and pris- 
ons, of the primitive and 
dehumanizing conditions of 

Indian villages, and of an 
atmosphere of suppressed vio- 
lence ready to explode. 

The narrator is writing a 
novel about Majaa: in a 
period of revolution and 
American intervention in the 
near future — like next 
month, or next year — he is 
collecting information and an- 
ecdotes from people who 
knew him: relatives, his ex- 
wife. and revolutionary col- 
leagues who in middle age 
have become professors, petty 

Life in a 
jungle of 


of the week J 



By Mario Vargas Llosa 

Faber. £9.95 

criminals, or senators, all with 
old scores to settle. The 

novelist’s account of these 

interviews is mixed up with 
the conversations and feelings 
from the past which be in- 
vents; the T of the story is 
sometimes the narrator and 
sometimes Mayta, even with- 
in the same paragraph. 

Vargas Llosa's triumph is to 
achieve something that is 
structurally and conceptually 
pretry complex, buz which 
reads as easily and urgently as 
a detective story. At its core is 
his creation, bit by bit, of the 

sort of person who becomes a 
revolutionary. An ardent 
Catholic as a child. Mayta 
turns to Marxism, and in his 
search for perfection allies 
himself with smaller and 
smaller splinter-groups. He 
ends up as one of seven 
Trotskyists who have quar- 
relled with everyone else, 
holding interminable meet- 
ings on points of doctnnc in a 
room above a garage, sitting 
on bales of old issues of their 
unsaleable revolutionary 
newsletter. This is a sad and a 
violent book: but it's also a 
funny one. 

At 40. an age when most 
militant revolutionaries 
“retire", Mayta meets an ex- 
citing young man who puts a 
gun into his hands. The idea of 
action, and the company o( 
gallant comrades (for Mayta is 
a romantic homosexual} give 
him new faith. In an absurd 
and tragic central episode, 
Mayta leads the revolution. 
But no one comes. The locals 
melt away, leaving the square 
empty. Support groups of 
workers and miners do not 
turn up. 

Bui Vaigas Llosa is not 
mocking Mayta. He is tender 
about aspiration and failure, 
just as he is tough — and 
horribly graphic — about the 
degradation of Pen's margin- 
al masses. This book cannot 
be used as propaganda for 
either Left or Right', and its 
“lies” convey more personal 
and political truths than most 

A god in the computer 

Peculiarly contemporary 
American puriianism has al- 
ways underpinned Updike's 
obsession with coupling; and 
this late, brilliant novel is all 
the fiercer for openly taking 
theology on board. Updike 
does so through the conscious- 
ness of a sharp if mildly 
embittered scholar, with a 
specialist interest in the Latin 
writings of the Early Church. 

He is dogged by Dale, a 
plausibly urdikable computer 
buff with waxen skin and pale 
blue eyes, who pursues Roger 
with discoveries in astrono- 
my, doubts about Darwinism, 
and queries arising from those 
finely adjusted constants nec- 
essary for life to exist at att. 
We are easily led to share the 
loathing Roger feels for Dale's 
icy-eyed fervour, and can 
hardly believe it when his 
Effrontery is rewarded by a 
grant to enable him to prove 
the existence of God through 
the new technology of com- 
puter graphics. At the same 
time we register that Dale 
shows a compassion and re- 
sponsibility towards Roger’s 
half-niece Verna, stuck in 
poverty with an illeginiate, 
coloured baby, and herself a 
dangerously unreliable moth- 
er qualities that Roger, for an 
his comfortable common 
sense, markedly lacks. 

Both Roger and Dale are 
ultimately destroyed by the 
sexuality that has always been 
deadly to the Protestant ethos. 
For Roger his bleary niece 
Verna, with her slurred street 
speech and warm, musty, 
sluttish bedroom, becomes the 
itchy object ofhis desire. Dale, 
for his part, is transformed 
into little more than a marble 
phallus for the considerable 


Elaine Feinstein 

By John Updike 

Andre Deutsch. £9.95 

By Primo Levi 

Michael Joseph, £9.95 

Updike as theologian 
erotic delight of Roger’s wife 

As the man with the fie: ter 
mission in life. Dale's collapse 
is more brutal. AH power ebbs 
from him; and he begins to 
look like a poor ghost of his 
former self Roger, foi his part, 
is implicated in a particularly 
nasty cover-up of Verna’s 
assault on her unloved child; 
but he is grounded too safely 
in the subtleties and quibbles 
of the Early Church to be as 
much at risk. 

Perhaps it is no accident 
that at his most depleted and 
inarticulate, Dale is faced with 
such a representative of an 
alien tradition called 
Kriegman, whose far greater 
knowledge of Planck and 

Higgs reduces Dale to a child 
commanded lo think while 
groping in helpless ignorance. 
Kricgman's confidence 
springs from recent evidence 
that life arose from crystal 
formations in clay that pro- 
vide the template and scaf- 
folding for life. We do not 
receive this information with 
relief; too many souls have 
been destroyed on the way 
through the novel. Updike's 
vision of American society, 
from the brutality of deprived 
housing estates to the desper- 
ate adulteries of the comfort- 
ably well-heeled, might well 
prompt anyone to echo 
Wilfred Owen, looking over 
another battlefield, and ques- 
tioning whether it was for this 
“the day grew tall”. 

Primo Levi’s work is reach- 
ing us out of sequence now, 
and these stories bear witness 
chiefly to his unquestioned 
integrity and modesty, as 
hard-hitting as Shalamov. 
The best stoiy concerns a 
pious Jew so insanely deter- 
mined to fast on the Day of 
Atonement in starvation 
camp conditions, that his 
bewildered guard is persuaded 
to put aside his ration of 
watery soup for the foUowing 
evening. Some such moment 
of unexpected reprieve how- 
ever brief links aU these 
records. Street-wise gypsies 
and mountain bandits survive 
best as innocence cannot. This 
is made most poignant in a 
story where a youngster, 
whom Levi has been trying to 
teach the rudiments of camp 
lore, rewards him with shy 
pride by a radish drawn from 
his pocket and the words, 
“I've leami. This is for you — 
it’s the fust thing I've stolen.” 

A shortlist of 6 
A longlist of 6000 * 

We’ve made our own short selection 
of novels for the autumn. Here are 6. 

We have a slightly longer selection, 
too. Some 6000 novels in all. 

New fiction, old fiction, reprints. 

Come into one of our bookshops. 

Look for the 

That’s the long and short of it. 


Bis sets 







L’nheratv Bookshop, Cardiff 




The Universirv Bookshop 



The University Bookshop 




University Bookshop 


Blackwells * 


The Polviechnic Bookshop 




The Pommouih Bookshop 




London Street Bookshop 

Friar Street Bookshop 

The University Bookshop 


W. Hanley Seed 



Godfreys University Bookshop 

Akien & Blackwell 

I 1 








Phibbs, or 

Harry Phibbs, who made a name 
for himself by publishing a daira 
that Harold Macmillan was a war 
criminal, is back in action at 
Bournemouth. This morning he 
and his Federation of Conser- 
vative Students friends will be 
distributing spoof from pages of 
THeTimes. dated October 9, 1996. 
The stories include the release of 
the first murderer from a private 
prison; taxation “too high* 1 at 12 
percent; the sale oFGIasgowTown 
Hall following the privatization of 
local government: and Ken Liv- 
ingstone as Labour leader. An 
unrealistic exercise? Perhaps not; 
a similar PCS sheet IS years ago 
contained predictions which, at 
the time, seemed equally implau- 
sible: viz. a denationalized tele- 
phone service, the sale of the last 
council house, and Ronald 
Reagan as US president. 

All holds barred 

The Tory Reform Group has 
come up with a new formula for 
fringe meetings, which I am sure 
will find instant favour with 
politicians. Hitherto, it has been 
the practice for speakers to pre- 
pare a. speech and take tough 
questions from the floor, but at a 
lunchtime meeting yesterday, 
John Biffen was required merely 
to answer friendly questions from 
Charles Moore, editor of The 
Spectator. Thus he was able to 
eschew the danger of making 
controversial statements about 
Mrs Thatcher. His real views may 
be divined from his pleasure over 
the description of his career, 
quoted by Moore, that he has 
switched from “Enoch’s John the 
Baptist to Margaret’s Judas.” 


Do the Bournemouth police sus- 
pect foul play in the affair of Mrs 
Thatcher and the manhole cover? 
After her foil, security men broke 
tite seal on the manhole, lifted the 
cover, and carried out a thorough 
examination. It has now been re- 
sealed with bright yellow paint, 
making it less likely to trip the 
unwary. Not that Mrs. Thatcher 
often foils into that category. 

Party faithfUl 

The Prime Minister, in spite of her 
Methodist background, declined 
an invitation to a pre-conference 
service on Sunday at the Punson 
Memorial Methodist Church, op- 
posite the conference centre. But 
she has a daily chance to repent, 
and a daily reminder of the need 
fordoing so, in the form of a large 
banner on the church visible from 
the conference entrance, announc- 
ing morning prayers at 7.55. A 
relay of Methodist, Baptist and 
Anglican clergy has been or- 
ganized, with a Roman Catholic 
priest still being sought. The idea 
comes from a group of local 
businessmen, members of a 
predominantly American organ- 
ization called Successful Living. 
This year's Tory event is a trial 
run; next year they plan to set up 
the same prayer facility at all the 
party conferences. 


"Security's tight. I was stopped ’ 
and told to hand over any election 
winning ideas to Norman Tebfcit’ 

Policeman’s lot 

Two weeks before the report into 
the Royal Ulster Constabulary's 
alleged “shoot-to-kill” policy is 
due to be presented to Northern 
Ireland's Director of Public 
Projections, its author. West 
Yorkshire police chief Cohn 
Sampson, is strangely absent ! can 
reveal that the man who replaced 
John Stalker is one of 8.000 police 
chiefs attending a five-day inter- 
national conference at Nashville, 
Tennesse. complete with country 
and western music. AIL I gather, at 
public expense. A West Yorkshire 
police spokesman tells me: “Mr 
Sampson would not have gone 
were there any likelihood that his 
absence would have impeded the 
RUC inquiry.” 

• Chairman-to-be Hussey is not 
the first Marnuduke to make BBC 
history. A commemorative plaque 
at Broadcasting House records 
that one of its founders was a 
Marnuduke T odsbery-T ndsbery. 

King tong 

Amid the excitement of the 
Queen’s visit, the Chinese have 
invited London crimper .Allan Soh 
to cross the bamboo curtain. He is 
fomed in certain fashion-crazed 
circles for curling the locks of 
starlets sich as Koo Stark the old- 
foshioned Chinese way: with 
chopsticks. But since he packed 
his chopsticks and left Singapore 
for the West, the cultural revolu- 
tion has knocked such nonsense 
out of 1.000 million Chinese 
minds. Now Peking has given him 
the mission of touring the countiy 
reintroducing the Chinese to their 
own ancient ways. PHS 

Unesco: leave the door ajar 

Amadou Mahtar M'Bow has an- 
nounced that he does not intend to 
stand for a third term as Unesco's 
director general. As one who was 
involved in Britain's campaign to 
reform the organization, and then 
the derision to leave, I can only 
say that I hope no one persuades 
him to change his mind. Though 
neither the British nor the US 
government attacked him person- 
ally during the reform campaign, 
there can be no hope of a better 
Unesco without a better director 

Not that M’Bow is a man 
without qualities; he has a certain 
charm of intelligence, and a touch 
of eloquence. But in his time there 
has bon a combination of erratic 
management — his long absences 
abroad were combined with a 
reluctance to delegate — an insid- 
ious. often Marxist infiltration of 
programmes and publications, 
made easier by their often nebu- 
lous nature; poor morale; financial 
extravagance; and a lack of prac- 
tical objectives. 

M'Bow may claim that the 
director general only carries out 
the wishes of the member states. 
But in Unesco. as in the other UN 
agencies, the director general has 
great operational powers. Reform 
has to start with him. 

In the spring of 1984 1 began our 
reform campaign with a letter to 
M'Bow setting out our concerns 
and objectives, including better 

Timothy Raison, until recently Minister for 
Overseas Development aignes that 
British withdrawal should not be irrevocable 

balanced and more effective pro- 
grammes. budgelary restraint, 
more efficient management and a 
curb on the kind of politicization 
which had been particularly 
worrying in the so-called New 
World Information and Commu- 
nications Order. At the end of 
1984 we gave a year's notice of 

Although the United States left 
the organization at the end of 
1984. over that year and the first 
half of 1985 the hard work by our 
team and various other member 
countries did bring some benefit 
The budget was controlled, some 
management weaknesses were 
tackled and the impending, loss of 
the large American financial 
contribution forced a more rig- 
orous look at actual operations, 
litis led to a shift, in emphasis 
towards the more practical pro- 
grammes in science and educa- 

After further consideration al 
the end of 1985 British withdrawal 
was confirmed, though on balance 
1 would have preferred that we 
had stayed in. 1 felt that a 
momentum for reform had been 

established which it would be a 
pity to jeopardize. It was derided, 
however, that we simply had not 
made enough progress to justify 

Our departure was greatly eased 
by the decision that the £6 million 
or so raved by it was not to be re- 
couped by the Treasury but to be 
spent on a well-judged programme 
of scholarships and scientific and 
cultural activities. 

But what now? There can be no 
question of Britain returning to 
Unesco unless we are sure that the 
post of director general is held by 
the right man. Though we 
have no say in his appointment, 
some members may feel it is worth 
choosing someone who might 
attract Britain and America bade. 
The post should not be seen as 
necessarily a Third World pre- 
serve — anyone from the Arctic to 
the Antipodes should be eligible. 
But as with other UN posts a fixed 
limit of tenure should be in- 
troduced: 10 years should be the 
most for any one holder. M'Bow 
has already had 12. 

There is a good reason why 
Britain should consider returning 

to Unesco. The organization, at 
present slack, yet autocratically 
run, would gain by a movement 
for reform; and the world can gain 
from its aims of tying together and 
promoting scientific, educational 
and cultural activities. The im- 
mediate gain would be greater in 
Third World than in developed 
countries. It is they who most need 
aid with literacy campaigns, with 
succour for museums and antiq- 
uities. with international scientific 
free trade. Unesco is not uniquely 
able to deal with most of these 
things — there are other ways of 
giving help — but its central po- 
sition can be very valuable. 

But the advanced countries too 
can benefit from scientific and 
cultural co-operation; not just by 
agreeable seminars in Ibira or a 
chance to add to the world's paper 
mountains, but by programmes 
altogether more direct and useful. 

We badly need universal recog- 
nition that working for the United 
Nations is not just about taking 
part m the good life in a great city. 
The United States and ourselves 
should be able to do as much as 
anyone to get that over. Unesco is 
not a bad place to start. 

It vrill lake time. M'Bow has 
another year to serve. A successor 
will oeed time to make his mark. It 
may not be until the general 
conference of 1 989 that we can see 
if Unesco is really determined to 
reform. If it is, we should be there. 

Michael Binyon sets the scene for the weekend talks in Reykjavik 


No longer is President Reagan in 
nervous awe of the smart new man 
in the Kremlin. He thinks he 
knows how to handle him and. as 
the Reykjavik encounter nears, he 
knows what he wants and holds 
most of the strong cards. 

At the very start of the tortuous 
negotiations to free Nicholas 
DanilofL Reagan derided he had 
little to lose and much to gain by 
meeting Gorbachov at short no- 
tice. With mid-term elections 
approaching, he could press the 
Russians on human rights, 
Afghanistan and other vote-win- 
ning issues; he could reinforce 
American standing with the ever- 
nervous Nato allies: and be had a 
real chance to clinch a deal on 
intermediate range nuclear weap- 
ons and sketch out a framework 
for agreement later for big cuts in 
strategic arms. 

But there are risks. Reagan may 
be confident in his ability to talk 
frankly but firmly with Gor- 
bachov at their second meeting in 
less than a year, but many of bis 
key supporters are not They arc 
convinced that the great conser- 
vative champion has gone soft on 
communism: that in his anxiety to 
establish a place in history as the 
man who brought home the first 
real agreement to cut nuclear 
stockpiles, he will go the way of 
detente-minded Republicans such 
as Ford and Nixon and do a deal 
with the Russians that is against 
America’s interests. To the 
Republican right, any agreement 
that cuts US military strength or 
plays down the communist threat 
smacks of capitulation. 

“It will be a cold day in Hades 
when I go soft on communism.” 
Reagan defiantly declares. He 
knows that the conservatives, 
though commanding sympathy m 
the Pentagon, have nowhere else 
to go. The obdurate Defence 
Secretary, Caspar Weinberger, 
sent on a visit to China, has wisely 
kept his scepticism to himself 
Reagan's political standing is high 
enough for him to pay no more 
than lip service to the right-wing 
objections. But he does see an- 
other danger that many Ameri- 
cans. and Europeans, may hope 
for too much from the meeting. 
Nothing is to be signed, he insists. 
This is not a proper summit, only 
a useful preparatory talk, “a base 
camp before the summit.” 

The real summit here in Wash- 
ington is what counts, and Reagan 
has staked his prestige on holding 
Gorbachov to it He is therefore 
fighting any Soviet attempt to 
upgrade the Reykjavik meeting. 
Raisa Gorbachov is going to 
Iceland: Nancy Reagan, usually 
inseparable from her husband, is 
staying at home. 

However, the two days of talks 
may accomplish more in the 
modification of positions than 
either the Geneva summit or its 
promised follow-up. Reagan, 
wanting progress on arms control, 
regional conflicts, bilateral rela- 
tions and human rights, is resist- 
ing Soviet attempts to turn this - 
into a single-issue arms control 
session, dwelling exclusively on 
those areas in which Gorbachov 
would find a ready response in 
western Europe: medium-range 
missiles and a nuclear test ban. At 
his White House meeting with the 

Pleasing view 
from Reagan’s 
base camp 

freed Soviet dissident. Yuri Orlov, 
Reagan insisted that without a real 
improvement in the Soviet human 
rights record there could be no 
lasting progress on other issues. 

Bul willy-nilly, it is an arms 
control summit, and here the US 
side has definite views on what it 
wants and thinks achievable. In 
the most promising area, inter- 
mediate-range nuclear forces, only 
four questions remain unresolved: 
the Soviet missiles in Asia, the 
length of any interim agreement, 
effective verification of the 
destruction of the cruise, Per- 
shing-2 and SS-20 missiles, and 
the ftiture of shorter range Soviet 
missiles now deployed in East 
Germany and Czechoslovakia. 
Both sides want an interim agree- 
ment: Europe would be delighted. 

Reagan will hold out for proper 
verification, including on-site 
inspections, and will resist any 
Soviet offer to chose between cuts 
in the Asian SS-20s and cuts in the 
short-range missile force in East- 
ern Europe — effectively an 
invidious choice for the US be- 
tween its European allies and 

On strategic arms and space- 
defence weapons. Reagan will 
continue to press for deep cuts in 
Soviet long-range nuclear weap- 
ons. But here he might offer 
Gorbachov a concession: accep- 
tance of a 30 per cent cut. as 
proposed by Soviet negotiators in 
Geneva in June, instead of the 50 
per cent agreed at the last summit. 
Reagan has two good reasons for 
such a concession: most US 
experts agree that Gorbachov will 
probably face insuperable oppo- 

sition from the Soviet military 
establishment fora 50 per cent cut 
and, secondly. Reagan could use 
the concession to force the Rus- 
sians to compromise on Star 

Reagan knows that Gorbachov 
will press him hard to join in the 
Soviet nudear test moratorium. 
Here too he will stand firm. The 
US is now saying publidy that 
despite pious aspirations, as long 
as the world depends on nudear 
deterrence, nuclear weapons have 
to be tested. Nevertheless, some 
common midway point could be 
found, such as a US commitment 
to reduce the number of tests, with 
the declared aim of working 
towards an eventual ban. That 
might give Gorbachov something 
sufficiently concrete to show bis 
critics at home — which Reagan 
believes an important consid- 
eration - while helping the US in 
world opinion. Finally, the US 
may be able to nudge Gorbachov 
towards an agreement on the non- 
proliferation of chemical weap- 

All this would leave little time 
in the three negotiating sessions 
for the other issues Reagan wants 
to emphasize. On human rights, 
he may extract little more than a 
verbal assurance that things will 
be eased for some would-be 
emigrants. On bilateral issues, the 
one pressing question is die 
expulsion of the 25 members of 
the Soviet UN mission, especially 
the 1 1 still in New York thought to 
be the senior KGB operatives. 
Having made so much fuss about 
them in the first place; Reagan is 
unlikely to back down. 

But on one issue there may be 
more lively discussion: Afghani- 
stan. Eduard Shevardnadze, the 
Soviet foreign minister, hinted as 
much last week. To Washington, 
aQ depends on bow serious the 
Russians are about withdrawal 
and whether they are prepared to 
risk the collapse of a puppet 
regime in Kabul The makings ofa 
settlement have already been 
negotiated through the United 
Nations, and the US has offered to 
guarantee the terms. Reagan, in 
turn, expects to be pressed on 
Nicaragua, but will resist any 
equating of the two. Washington 
has already detected a more 
pliable Soviet attitude to other 
regional conflicts, such as the 
Middle East . 

Reagan will bargain tough ly on 
all these issues. He is convinced 
that Gorbachov is under pressure 
to achieve results that would lead 
to better relations but would not 
be considered dangerous con- 
cessions back in Moscow. Indeed, 
one reason for Reagan's con- 
fidence is his belief that over the 
past year things have moved his 
way. Since the last summit, 
Gorbachov's international stand- 
ing has been severely damaged by 
Chernobyl (and now the sinking of 
the Soviet nuclear submarine); the 
economic dimate has worsened 
for the Soviet Union, and 
hardliners have managed to hold 
up reforms at home. Reagan, by 
contrast, has had a relatively good 
year — even including Libya — 
and is under little domestic 

if little comes of the meeting, 
conservatives will be reassured. If 
there are frameworks for agree- 
ment, the European allies wzil be 
pleased. And already there is some 
cause for optimism, for when 
Gorbachov touches down at 
Reykjavik he will have made a 
symbolic concession by being the 
first Soviet leader to land at a Nato ' 
base for a summit meeting. In 
prospect, it seems that acceptance 
of Gorbachov's invitation at the 
darkest moment of the Daniioff 
affair was a shrewd political 

Whiff of battle brings a new euphoria 

After a period of fractious, trou- 
bled sleep the Tory party has 
shaken itself awake and emerged 
blinking into the Bournemouth 
sunlight to discover that its con- 
fidence is still intact 

Norman Tebbit was relaxed 
enough to wield the stiletto rather 
than the bludgeon on the Labour 
Party in his speech. But the new 
mood is wafting up from the floor 
as well. Westland. Land Rover 
and their associated disasters have 
been allowed to drift into the 
background. To their own sur- 
prise, the Tories find themselves 
ready for battle after all. 

If the Conservative Party is 
about anything it is about winning 
elections. So something of the 
change in mood is explained by 
the growing election atmosphere. 
At every fringe meeting or recep- 
tion there is real relish at the 
thought of going into an election 
against a Labour Party committed 
to unilateralism and the closure of 
American bases. One Tory activist 
after another tells you: “The 
British voter will not support a 
party which wants to strip away 

this country's nuclear defences”. 

The disarray of the Alliance on 
the same issue has delighted them 
too. Probably much too soon, the 
Tories are writing off the Alliance: 
they feel much more comfortable 
fighting the old enemy. 

The conference is an important 
element in Tory morale. From the 
last three conferences delegates 
have gone home shaken and 
unsettled, one soured by Miss Sara 
Keays. another wrecked by the 
IRA. Now calm has returned. This 
time they have been able to 
unpack their suitcases and take 
their second bath of the day en 
route to the area cocktail party in 
an atmosphere of normality. 

Conservative confidence has 
been revived by the realization of 
how many arguments they have 
won. how much that is irreversible 
has been achieved. No Labour 
government now could take back 
the million council homes sold to 
their tenants, nor will they try. 
Lumbered though it is with spend- 
ing promises. Labour has pledged 
not to set off a new inflationary 
spiral, ft has been obliged to take 

aboard Tory reforms giving trades 
unions back to their members; 
nationalization has become, in the 
words of Tory MP Norman 
Lamont. “the policy that dare not 
speak its name”. 

Tories who three months ago 
were twitching about the opinion 
polls are now reminding one 
another of what a mountain 
Labour bas to climb to gain the 
1 16 seats it needs for victory. 

But the really significant factor 
about Bournemouth 1986 is that 
the Tory Party's internal debates 
are over, for the moment at least. 
The wets are no longer rocking the 
boat One decidedly moist min- 
. ister told me: “We have to say to 
people like Francis Pym, Jim Prior 
and Peter Walker, ‘Sorry, there's a 
new train leaving the station and 
we’re aboard*. And we don’t 
expea them to tell us that we have 
sold out”. 

The agitation over whether Mrs 
Thatcher needs a balanced ticket 
is over. She has given frontline 
jobs to Kenneth Baker. Kenneth 
Clarke and Malcolm Rifkind. And 
in the way they operate those jobs 

they epitomize the new style. The 
wet sympathies remain over the 
dinner table, but behind the 
departmental desk the emphasis is 
on practical achievement The 
debate over whether there should 
be lax cuts or more spending on 
schools and hospitals is con- 
cluded. There will be some of 

In the shadow of the election the 
Tory party is coming together. The 
Kenneth Bakers of this world are 
listening to the radicals and 
welcoming their ideas, not reject- 
ing them out of hand as the 
thoughts of mad ideologues. For 
their part the radicals are accept- 
ing that they cannot have every- 
thing at once and that their ideas 
have to be allowed time to work 
through if the voters are not to be 
frightened on the way. 

The motto over the platform 
this week reads: “The Next Move 
Forward”. If it ran to a sub-title it 
should surely be: “We are all 
consolidators now”. 

Robin Oakley 

Political Editor 

Ronald Butt 

Measuring lip 

Labour has launched a foUlgjJ 
operation against the Tones, with 
an argument going like this: Mrs 
Thatcher has broken the old 
consensus based on a mixefl 
economy, a mutually cooperaO"* 
society, and a high ogJJ 1 
public service and 
stead, she has introduced compel 
itiveness. discord, and a preF 
erence for the successful at the 
expense of concern for the needv. 

She prefers cutting the taxes of the 
rich to maintaining the standard 
of the public services on which the 
majority depends. Labour, how- 
ever. will return to the old path of 
moderation: it will make good the 
inadequate standards of foe essen- 
tia! public welfare services as well 
as tackling unemployment much 
more vigorously. . 

Now it is not true, to start with, 
that Mrs Thatcher broke the 
consensus. It was cracked when 
the unions made nonsense of 
Harold Wilson’s experiment in 
social democracy, with its plan- 
ning for growth and for stable 
prices and incomes, which was in 
many ways the high water mark of 
the mixed-economy consensus. It 
was broken into pieces when die 
unions destroyed the Heath gov- 
ernment and the pieces were 
ground beyond repair when the 
Labour Party fell into the bands of 
extremists between 1970 and 
1979- The winter of discontent 
which broke the CaHaghan gov- 
ernment was the final evidence 
that it was the left which bad .. 
destroyed foe consensus. 

What Mrs Thatcher did was to 
abandon foe pretence that the old 
consensus mould could be fitted 
together again. Instead she began 
the attempt to build a new 
consensus based on popular 
capitalism, freedom, and personal 
responsibitiy. in the belief that in 
foe long run it would bring better 
living standards for alL Much has 
been achieved, but foe Tories 
must now turn to what they still 
have to do instead of inviting 
gratitude for what has been done. 

The need now is to confront the 
new social difficulties which have 
been foe by-products of economic 
reform, namely unemployment 
and how to restore the standards ' 
of the public services without 
returning to inflation. 

Labour's claim to offer a new 
democratic socialist mould should 
be considered in the light of the 
recent radio interview with John 
Smith, its industry spokesman. 

Asked if there was no escape from 
alternative bouts of denationaliza- 
tion and renationaJization. he 
replied that previous Conser- 
vative governments had been 
willing to leave undisturbed what 
their Labour predecessors had 
nationalized. Mrs Thatcher had 
done foe opposite; therefore she 
had broken foe consensus. Lab- 
our's gospel then, is that consen- 
sus means a system in which the 
nation’s political structure is 
edged bit by bit but remorselessly 
leftwards, with foe Tories doing 
nothing to check it 

In Blackpool last week, Willy 
Brandt of foe German SPD de- 
scribed Conservatism as a gross 

charade whose weakness isfo~ 

“its champions promise to . 
majority what only a minority wig 
ever get-” There is now clenrfe 
greater disposition among vtma-v ‘ 
to see the defects in am ri* 
vision as confirmation of that sm £"'• 
of thinking. People inaeiritefr 
question what sometimes SeemuJ*’ ;■* 
be a kind of government *■;' 

about unemployment and to -: 

trasz foe wailing lists fertat pft frA./ 
and foe living standards rf - ' 
pensioners with their, grow' s 
knowledge of the vast payfom^ 
be earned in foe City. They i 
themselves wh ether foe . 
consensus on offer really . 
benefit all the people wifom for^ 

measurable future. . . 

Ministers ax Itantemoogt £ 
notably Norman Fowfer ^ • 

Kenneth Baker, have rights^ 
sensed that their fim priority * |q . 
give the He to foe allegations ■ ‘ 
they are indifferent to the - 

of public provision. Butofonm^r. * - 
new money for foe csaentitf^'^:■ , 
services will have to come from^ ' ' - 
somewhere, and Finder at lao^ 1 .- - 
has bad none to offer. The «ay tow . 
start getting it is to comb foe fin*”:;’ ' 

of departmental grants to set bcJT 

much public money ts briitt^ - 
wasted by subsidies to aanma»'C?V 
mous bodies (some of them > 
from socially constructive), whoa euj - 
only accountability, is to tbecw^ ' . ■ 
servants who are the real 
penseis of this kind of puronaae "' 
Mrs Thatcher is andentaadaSjvT* 
very wary about the pressure or* *.. ' 
those who want her to give .•>* 
country her virion far ihefiunre;*r 
The idea of a visionary btaprB*& ' - 
of this kind is wholly alien to her * : ' r 
notion of good government. which ,■ ■' 
hangs on foe conviction foa for • 
future is so m et hi ng which ptopfe. ^ 
must make for foemsehes, jnd ,, ‘’ /-: 
which cannot be coqjured apis’ 4 *. % 
political rhetoric. 

That approach is re* only* 
honourable but sensible. It ism*# : 
the lack of rhetorical Tory tiring - r 
that is at the heart .of 
government’s difficulties hut aeO 
tual concrete discontents about?. ’• 
hospital waiting lists, housbl^ ' • 
substandard services for the geHK Tf - 1 
inely needy, and so on - Mpthertf rl. 
with the false vision or foes 
exaggerated size of the profaia»(» £ * 
which is promoted by its oppo^ jr 
nents. nst 

What is essential is a desr^r ; 
indication of how. to estabfifaT 
priorities in public provision al . 
ensure that what matters UMNt is*?< 1 
not deprived of resources at* taae: 
when there is much private afe-.£ 
fl lienee. This week, minister* K,n . v 
making a start by showing fori 
more is being done than their cop- a*- 
onents allege. But looking frnfocr 
ahead, what the public wantno 
know is how inadequacy is to he*"] 
avoided in the state services S*x] 
matter. The Tories have to refitte 
the charge that because titey WBbfn|r_ 
to enlarge foe area of private , 
responsibility they are conmpL,. 
aiively indifferent to what is lot of ; 
public responsibility. _ J*' 1 

The truth is rather that what: 
must remain in public hands most '? 
be well draw because there is no .” 
other way yet of doing it jJ 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

How inefficient 
are you? 


I was looking at some Christinas 
crackers in a shop the other day, 
trying to remember which makes 
in the past had proved successful 
and which disastrous. It occurred 
to me, not for the first time, that it 
would be the height of efficiency to 
make a note of such things at the 
time and refer to it next year. The 
depth of inefficiency would be to 
do whai 1 da and keep a spare box 
of crackers so old that none of 
them detonates and all the jokes 
fail to go off. 

Inefficiency is a very personal 
thing, of course, but 1 have now 
come up with a primitive version 
of a scale of efficiency a gainst 
which we can all measure our- 
selves. As far as I can see, people 
fall into one of three categories; 
the super-efficient, the inefficient 
and the super-inefficient. For 
instance, in the matter of video 
recordings, the super-efficient per- 
son buys bis own copy of Cone 
With The Wind, the ordinarily 
inefficient tapes it off the TV and 
mislays it. while the super-in- 
efficient hires it from the video 
library and records Wogan over it 
by mistake. 

If you recognize yourself in any 
of those guises, then try foe 
following recognition tests. 

• In the bathroom. If you are 
super-efficient, you never run out 
of toothpaste If you are merely 
inefficient you have four tooth- 
paste tubes, all squeezed flat. If 
you are super-inefficient you go to 
the bajftroom to brush your teeth 
and only remember when you get 
back that you bad set out to spend 
a penny, not brush your teeth. 

• In foe garden. The super- ■ 
efficient gardener always contrives 
to have the garden looking its best 
foe inefficient says “It's a mess 
now. but you should have seen it 
three weeks ago”: the super- 
inefficient never notices foe 
garden until it starts coming into 
the house. 

• Appointments. Super-effic- 
iency. arriving early- Inefficiency: 
leaving home at the time you are 
due to arrive. Super-inefficiency: • 
what appointment? 

• Diary entries. The super-ef- 
ficient person does not have a 
diary but a Filofax (if antiquarian 
by bent) or tiny computer (if 
modernistic). The ordinary in- 

-.u. - 

efficient person has a diary a ; J 7 '- 
home and a diary at work, each • 
containing only half bis appoint- * >- 
meats. The super-ineffiaent per- ; 
son knows he will lose his j ' 
before the year is out, so wdl nr 2 
advance he bays a mid-year diary , ^ 
(starting July), and loses that toa^ . 

• At foe garage. The super- -/ r 
effirient person carefully takes foe. - - . 
right amount of petrol so foal the 

bUl comes to an exact number or ’ •' 
pounds, with no pence. The ^ * y 
_ inefficient person leaves his petrol 
cap at the filling-station. The ;=-£'■ 
super-inefficient pereon waflcs oC *5 .; 
leaving his car behind. , . 

• Cards. Super-efficiency: send- T 
ing postcards on tire first day of >’*• . 
your holiday and Christmas cards , ; s ' 
m November. Mae in effi ciency: 
sending postcards on foe last day , . - 
of the holiday and Christmas . 
cards on Christmas Eve. Superb , > - 
inefficiency: bringing your pos*-: S /:;• 
cards home and going to worit on. :* 
Christmas Day by mistake. . O ' : ■ 

• In foe kitchen. The super- J -; . 
efficient cook comes home to find ^ >. 
only two eggs, a green pepper and . 

six rashers of bacon in the boose ; t * : 
and turns them into a perfect dish ■ ■. 
by instinct The inefficient cook .' 
spends desperate hours looking 5tj 
through cookery books fora recipe 
involving eggs, pepper and bacon. . - ” 
The super-inefficient cook wakes ■* ' ' 
up m foe middle of the night-* * .- 
feeling hungry and remember* _ 
that he forgot toeaL >' 

• Passport control At the airport ^ ' X' 

foe super-efficient person always v 
knows where his passport is. T he~^ ^ 
inefficient person knows, where it i i% 

was, before be put it in a safe ptece :i .£ 
which cannot remember. ~ 

The super-inefficient person. . : ■ 
when asked for his passport-, . ^ ■ 
produces a remarkably similar ^ - : 
pocket diary; his passport bstifl at ;'j ‘ > 

home on his desk. 

• Reading foe- paper. Super-rf- 4; - . 

fiaency: finishing it before yo» - n V 
leave home for work. Inefficiency: • ■ 
taking it to bed anught and falling ;« • 

asleep over iL Super-inefficiency:' ' 
relying on newspapers left behind ;; , ■’ 
in foe lube or bus and finding they ^ -* *" v 
are always give-away sheets aimed . - * 

at Australian students looking for---. [ . 
a cheap flight home. . . ' ' / : 

There will be further reports on -If *V 
this fascinating subject 


— ~ ^ Xi&OTl n^AQ^nT- 

THE health of defence 


Protection in house price boom 

Yesterday’s Gon«sp M-J. 

a ? dre ssed the \ wo Since the cost of 

he ?! lh and defence 55?*! c 2 re . nses automatically 
which are likely to be thp ^ I ! , H aI,on ' with advances 
w ^ ce ? t and strongest Torv JiheaMi technology and with 
ranis-m the fouhcomL ]SS ^ m °?' a Phic • changes, a 



;ir i*u. 


u "kt „ 

1 |, *wt» l 

,la '* lb* 
d Wr tWa 


,a 'l »* 

*Khi ju it, 
^ *ho 
[' 10 H 

,="■ fa* 
to Dft. 
n> Mag, B 

llr Mk 


m ik 1,91 

i am nib, 
ltlr hi-i*. 

tanarwn & 
1 Mui cvold 
*•" haft 
'•fctU b 
nhul Vit 


j'.wn i*y* 

;• m'-vsts 
i*n K £t 

h--. Uari* 

af. r 

111 tv.:lt 
■ >i ! «asrt 
?l V<I.R« 
rl **i » 

• *M- ? 

« I'-n-fi 

111 J v. - 

■ a2>st* 

»«T*UV x 
I'M J* F 
.iw; “ 

.iir.ii. I*. 

Mr I ni- 
:j. nj'i’i 
5 \ S-:t t* 

however, simple admin- ■ does he start axeing warships 
istrative changes — for in- — thereby eroding a unique 

kjPO. campaign. They arc in" 5£f”? ing increase which 
the weakest imH mere iy accommodates these 
strongest Tory cards in aim™ pressures is discounted. Only 
any? election camraier? money on top of that is treated 
mysterious alchemy Jmt It “J? 1 increase. That is 
•‘image'” ensures, irresnerW **“ usual tests of 

offte policies or conduS finance, but it is the 

the.lwo panics, lhauhe TnriSf tes J .t* 181 has been adopted by 
are credited by voieretkh V£ pu -Ki c °R ,n,on and the media, 

military virtues and* that J**. Gove mmenfs claims 

bolrisihoughuote-tri^: >). >■* increased NHS 

As thev nrenar* expenditure even by that high 

election, howew^i^tw? 1 " l ^ e standard, spending £11 billion 
the .Tories aud ? ore tban die 1979 

different use nf fh^ ng very figure, are disbelieved because. 

SSSL^amS^ 1 W 21 a , l0cal !evel > PMPte ** 

conference LaboS J5SBP 61 T rds - urlderstaifed - shortages 
make a unit dec ™kd to of equipment and eternal wait- 

dlMicv one of tl? 3 ,s ^ de ^ ence in 8 ^tsts* Mr Fowler yesterday 
mK!!'r e P? ajor P Ian lts outlined future spading to 
it thusadnnf ^ 0t on ! y did correct some of thMedefiaen- 

bv irnarori?v l n? f?p 1,cy rejected cies. No “new money” was 
mawof ?« f lhe publlc and mv olved. In the short term, 

hmiV, 0W ? supporters, however, simple admin- 

add ? tlon 11 devoted as istrative changes — for in- 
w^H™ SS,0n nnd energy to. stance, to enable patients in . 
broadcasting the fact as to areas of shortage to move for 
an ^ lhe Poh^es on treatment to where their 
ToIk -ru enj0y 5 gcucral sym- particular facilities are well- 
patpy. i ne conference's indig- provided — might have a more 
nan t attack on Tory visible effect . 

stewardship of the health ser- Mr Fowler’s defence will be 
v'ce was largely overlooked in judged partly by reports of the 
recensumg public uproar. performance of the health 
When the Tories debated service over the next year. But 

hemth at .their conference yes- in responding reasonably to 
^rday, they showed no sign of criticism, the Tories have at 
adopting a policy at variance least taken the edge off any 
with popular support for the attack Labour might launch on 
National Health Service. On them, 
the contrary-, they proclaimed On the defence of the realm, 

their devotion to it at regular the Tory debate suffered 
intervals and eschewed any mainly from the tedium of 
radical policies that might hearing people loudly agreeing 
even threaten to undermine it. with each other. How long it 
With all its deficiencies, will remain so is debatable, 
whether inherent or caused by given the stresses and strains 
governmental parsimony, the upon resources in the next few 
health service is “safe” — - years. But the feci that things 
protected not so much by Mrs are still in place this year is not 
Thatcher, as by a generaT the least of the debts which 
political . consensus . resting Mrs. Thatcher -owes to Mr, 
upon strong popular appeaL ’ Neil Kinnock. 

Mr Norman Fowler, the . So Mr George Younger, the 
Secretary of State for Social Defence Secretary, rose to 
Services, was therefore able to address the party conference • 
5V vote his speech to a defence for the first time as Defence- . 

ot the government’s record on ^Secretary yesterday; assured of . 
health . against the charges of :safe conduct from the feithfuL . . . 
neglect and meanness. This he 'Not only that buihe could also 
did by quoting statistics qf : '.’speak • in the -• near-certain . 
record hospital building pro- • knowledge that his audience 

per cent in available cash over 
the next three years. A reduc- 
tion in the garrison on ihe 
Falkland^ together with some 
tighter housekeeping, delays in 
the ordering of equipment and 
no doubt a little legerdemain 
with the figures, should enable 
Whitehall to negptiate this. 

But there is widespread 
concern over the position m 
the late 1980s. For a Labour 
Govemnment the problems 
would not loom so large 
because it would save money 
by getting rid of the Trident 
nuclear missile. But the 
present Government has, 
rightly in our view, made the 
Trident system pan of the 
central core in the defence 
programme, forcing any De- 
fence Secretary to look else- 
where for any cuts. 

Does he risk upsetting Nato 
by withdrawing significant 
numbers of troops from the 
British Army of the Rhine, or 

stance, to enable patients in 
areas of shortage to move for 
treatment to where their 
particular facilities are well- 
provided — might have a more 
visible effect . 

Mr Fowler’s defence will be 
judged partly by reports of the 
performance of the health 
service over the next year. But 
in responding reasonably to 
criticism, the Tories have at 
least taken the edge off any 
attack Labour might launch on 

On the defence of the realm, 
the Tory debate suffered 
mainly from the tedium of 
hearing people loudly agreeing 
with each other. How long it 
will remain so is debatable, 
given the stresses and strains 
upon resources in the next few 
years. But the feet that things 
are still in place this year is not 
the least of the debts which 
Mrs. Thatcher -owes to Mr. 
Neil Kinnock. 

So Mr George Younger, the 
Defence Secretary, rose to 
address the party conference • 
for the first time as Defence 
^Secretary yesterday; assured of 

grammes, reductions in wait- 
ing- lists and increases in 
medical staff, patients treated 
and total' health spending-. 

Mr Fowler won a genuinely 
spontaiueous standing ovation 
from the Tory representatives, 
but the general public has been 
resistant 10 this line of argu- 
ment up to now. To a degree 
this is unfair. The Govern- 
ment has been the victim of a 
redefinition of “increased 

’ would be listening If defence 
is ever to be an issue at a 

allied resource and Britain’s 
capacity for out-of-area inter- 
vention? In 1981 his prede- 
cessor Mr John Non decided 
on the latter alternative and 
was in grave danger of divid- 
ing his party, until the Falk- 
lands War overturned it all. 
Mr. Younger may have to look 
once more at the defence 
research industry' in this coun- 
try in an attempt to avoid 
making hard choices between 
the services. 

For the time being he is 
relatively safe. This is partly 
because the situation has not 
yet gone critical But it is also 
partly because Labour has 
diverted everyone's minds 
from the detailed decisions 
and turned them towards the 
more fundamental issues . 
touching upon defence of the 

If Labour were to be de- 
feated in an election fought 
largely on the issue of nuclear 
defence — and by their dif- 
ferent conference tactics both 
Tories and Labour have made 
that a real possibility — it 
would be the thud such defeat 
since 1 964. A policy of nuclear 
defence based on Nato and the 
British independent deterrent 
would begin to seem as perma- 
nent a part of the political 
consensus as the health service 

general elevtion, then then ext 1 now does. Britain might then 

general election is the one. 

But with Government de- 
fence spending about to start a 
steady downward movement 
in real terms, there are serious 
questions which will have to 
be addressed on the allocation 
of resources. This year’s De- 
fence White Paper acknowl- 
edged a downturn by about six 

begin to enjoy the stability of 
defence planning that France 
possesses by virtue of the 
general political support, 
including even the Com- 
munist Party, for the force de 
frappe. That did not seem to be 
on the agenda when the con- 
ference season began. It is 


On Saturday the Queen sets 
out for Peking on the first visit 
10 China by a reigning British 
monarch. Her week-long tour 
promises to be as picturesque 
as it is symbolic a pageant of 
contrasting sights and sounds 
which will set the seal on the 
Sino-Brilisb agreement on 
Hong Kong, 

Onlv five years ago such a 
visit would have been in- 
conceivable. Britain’s imperial ■ 
past with its legacy of eco- 
nomic involvement m South 
China, had made our country a 
byword for foreign interfer- 
ence in China even before the 
communist takeover in 1949. 
This legacy has been a per- 
ipetual handicap m our rela- 
tions with the People s 
Republic of China ever since. 

- Now two generations 01 
Chinese have grown up being 
aught that England was chief 
,mons those who plundered 
"hina’s wealth and reduced 
ier to the status of a semi- 
olotiy. They have fern taught 
00 that the institution of the 
anarchy, as epitomized by 
he British Royal Family, |S 
ne of the Western worlds 
ilic anachronisms which will, 

’ Ue capitalism and the state,. 

'ither away in due course- 
Thai the Queen will next 
^cek be received in 
hina‘s communist party and 
ate leaders illustrates the 
' fange that has taken place in 
Ws attitude towards the 
Sc world in recentj^ 

• illustrates too the greater 
mfidence now felt by tne 
lders of the Pe°ple’i Repu!> 

' . , n assessing their country s 
\10rv \bove all ii illustrates 
- mood of diplomatic 
■ xibili'v that now prevails in 
.• Chinese leadership. 

; Deng Xiaoping and other 
'■'lior Chinese leaden are 
Sd in a diplomatic season 

'unparalleled diversity. The 

\«nhas been preceded to 
by Caspar wembe^r, 

' US Secretary for Defence. 

• in ram. was preceded by 

land's head of state and_ 

Communist Party leader. Gen- 
eral Jaruzelski — the first 
orthodox East European com- 
munist leader to visit China 
since the Soviet Union broke 
with China more than 25 years 
.ago. And the Queen will be. 
followed to China by the East 
German party leader, Erich 
Hohecker, Who makes his first 
- visit to China later this month. 

For the Chinese leadership, 
this diplomatic flexibility is 
part of a relatively new, but 
nonetheless coherent policy of 
maintaining a balance in rela- 
tions between East and West 
and being beholden to neither. 
This month’s succession of 
visitors to Peking maintains 
fiiis balance. 

China's first flush of enthu- 
siasm for the United States has 
given way to a realistic accep- 
tance of what can and cannot 
be changed in US-Chinese 
relations — on both sides. Mr 
Weinberger has this week im- 
pressed on the Chinese the 
view that the partial Soviet 
withdrawal from Afghanistan 
promised for this autumn is a ■ 
deception. The Chinese, who 
find the Soviet military pres- 
ence in Afghanistan as un- 
acceptable as the West doesv 
will no doubt take. note of this 
view. But they have also 
welcomed the symbolic value 
of the Soviet gesture, which 
was directed by Moscow as 
much towards Peking as to- 
wards the West 

■ The East European visitors 
will likewise have their points 
to make to the Chinese leaders. 
.They may offer advantageous 
trade terms, which China — 
lumbered with obsolete Soviet 
plant from the honeymoon 
period of Sino-Soviet relations 
— will probably welcome. The 
East Europeans for their part 
will welcome the added dip- 
lomatic outlet that improved 
relations with Peking afford^ 
Following Moscow into the 
Sino-Soviet dispute restricted 
Poland and East Germany in 
their relations with the ^ar 

East and pushed them into the 
role of aid-givers to Vietnam, a 
role which is probably not 
entirely to their liking. 

It is a sign of changing times 
. that Chinese leaders are pre- 
pared to entertain leaders from 
so disparate a group of coun- 
tries in such rapid sequence. 
But it is equally significant that 
countries of such divergent 
orientations should show so 
serious an interest in im- 
proved relations with China. 
This represents a success for 
China’s policy of judging each 
country separately, on its own- 
merits, regardless of its bloc 
allegiance — China's version of 
“differentiation”. But it also 
means that China is not alone 
in seeing iis future as part of a 
wider world. The wider world 
sees China's future in a similar 

The Queen’s coming visit to 
China is almost entirely 
ceremonial and - symbolic; 
more so than those other visits 
being made to Peking this 
month; considerably more so 
than the prime minister’s visit 
to China two yearsagp. But the 
importance of ceremonial and 
symbolism even in ! today's 
more materialistic and prosaic 
Chioa should not be underesti- 

When the Queen sails down 
the Pearl River from Canton 
to Hong Kong in the Royal 
Yacht Britannia, she win be 
laying the ghosts of the gun- 
boats that sailed up river more 
than a century ago to punish 
the Chinese for trying to hit 
the illicit opium trade. And 
those Chinese who turn out to 
see her — there may be more 
than imagines - will 
be helping to dismantle a 
whole edifice of received 
. untruths about the historical 
relationship between Britain 
and China. If even some of 
those myths are buried, then it 
is not only the people of 
Britain and China who will 
benefit but it is to be hoped, 
.the people of Hong Kong as 
well. ■ 

Front the President of the Royal 
Institution of Chartered Surveyors 
Sir. Your 'interesting series of 
articles on ihe house price boom 
(Seipembcr 29. 30. October 1) is 
entirely right in one respect, but 
quite wrong in another. 

It is right 10 drew attention 10 
the plight of first-time buyers, who 
often have to borrow more than 
they can comfortably afford to 
repay in order to gel a foot on the 
bottom of the bousing ladder. To 
the extent that the building soci- 
eties and other agencies some- 
times encourage an unwise level of 
indebtedness they are not really 
doing the borrower a good turn. 

But it is wrong 10 suppose that 
ihe house price boom can be cured 
simply by tightening up on mort- 
gage lending. 

The*price of houses, like that of 
anything else which can be bought 
and sold, is determined by supply 
and demand. House prices out- 
strip inflation only when lhe 
effective demand exceeds the sup- 

The effective demand for 
houses is certainly affected by the 
lending policies of the building 
societies and banks. But they are 
not the only factor. And easy 
credit only pushes up prices where 
there are not enough houses or 
flats to meet the demand which is 

The only long-term solution to 
spiralling bouse prices is to in- 
crease the number of houses and 
flats available. Britain badly needs 
more houses — at least a million 
more — to cater for the growth in 
the number of households, to 
replace unfit housing and to 
provide a margin of empty hous- 
ing awaiting reoccupation or dis- 

Building more housing, for rent 
as well as for sale, needs a much, 
more comprehensive overhaul of 
housing policies than has so far 
been suggested in The Times. Both 
the recent RICS report. Housing — 
the Next Decade, and the report of 
lhe Duke of Edinburgh’s inquiry 
into British housing have sug- 
gested how it could be achieved, \ 
and at the same time how to bring 
some logic and fairness to the 
jumble of subsidies, tax relief, rent 
controls and other measures by 
which housing in this country is 

Both reports should be com- 
pulsory reading for everyone who 

Nuclear deterrence 

1 From Sir Clive Rose - 
..Sir. No responsible person win 
I disagree with Monsignor Bruce 
: Kent (October 6) in his detestation 
of nuclear weapons and his fear of 
the consequences of their use. This • 
is why it is essential to do 
everything possible to prevent it 
' There should be no doubt about 
the sincerity of President Reagan 
and Mr Gorbachov when they 
jointly declared in Geneva last 
November that “a nuclear war 
cannot be won and must never be 

Nato governments of all politi- 
cal persuasions, their ministries of 
defence and their chiefs of staff 
have, for more than 30 years, 
endorsed the doctrine of deter- 
rence as the best way of achieving 
this. Monsignor Kent has had to 
resort to the well-worn device of ' 
selective quotation in his attempt 
to justify his criticism of the 

What Lord Carrington actually 
said last December was: 

The Alliance relies on nuclear 
weapons — and very largely on 
American nuclear weapons — to do 
■ three things: to deter the use of force 
against us. whether it be nuclear or 
conventional: to provide credible 
retaliatory capabilities if deterrence 
fails and we are attacked: and to give 
us an effective counter to nuclear 
blackmail rn a world where nuclear 
weapons exist and cannot be 

■ Nuclear weapons deter because 
of the possibility of their use, and 
by no other means. If deterrence 
failed and Nato was in danger of 

Post haste 

From Mr A. A. K. Whiiehouse 
Sir, Your correspondents today 
(October 1) expea that the postal 
service will improve, but can < 
modern tehnology and ■ 
organisation ever give us the 
service which prevailed early in 
the century? . I 

in the first decade of this < 
century, whilst walking high on 
the Lake District mountains, my , 
father broke his spectacles. In the 
late afternoon he reached the post 
office of the village where he was 
staying. He sent off a telegram 10 
his optician in London. When he 
came down to breakfast next 
morning new spectacles were 

This seems unbelievable today, 
but then the optician, working 
long hours, looked up the prescrip- . 
lion, assembled some new speo- , 
lades, seni his boy round to . 
Euston and put them on the night < 
train for urgent delivery next 
morning. . j 

Yours sincerely, 


The White House, 

Olney. Buckinghamshire. 

October 1. 1 

r is interested in better housing at a 
price that people can afford. 

Yours faithfully. 

DONALD TROUP. President. 
The Royal Institution of Char- 
tered Surveyors. 

12 Great George Street. SWJ. 

From Mr K. B. Sutton 
Sir. There used to be something 
called supply and demand. Now. 
according to your Spectrum article 
of September 29, there seems to be 
something called lax lending and 
irresponsible borrowers. 

The tone of your aitide and 
indeed the quotation from Sir 
Gordon Borne perpetuates the 
view that it is entirely the fault of 
institutions, mongage brokers and 
estate agents when people find 
they have a problem paying for 
their mortgage. 

As a mortgage broker we find 
the opposite to be true. A large 
number of enquiries are received 
by us which never proceed to 
mortgage application because the 
potential borrower is shopping 
around for the maximum loan at 
the cheapest rale with the largest 
multiple of income they can find. 
People who are doing that have a 
great deal of time to think about it 
and to consider the costs. 

House buyers should not need 
protecting from the consequences 
of their own actions. They must 
know what they can afford. If a 
mortgage is going to cost them too 
much money there is one simple 
word in the language 10 help them 
out of the problem - “No”! 

We certainly do not advocate 
irresponsible borrowing and 
excessively high multiples or 
percentages of value. But provided 
a mortgage and its costs are fully 
explained, who are we to say to, 
our clients “No. we are not willing 
to put you in touch with such and 
such an institution who can give 
you what you want” 

It takes two sides to make a 
bargain. It is utterly ludicrous to 
suggest that it is the fault of the 
institutions, who should expea to 
“face the prospect of Government 
regulations” if they do not stop 
offering the public what they want. 
.Most people know what they 
can afford. Do allow them the 
freedom to choose. This is cer- 
tainly a case where “Nanny does 
not know best”. 

Yours faithfully. 


Mortgage Manager. 

Conquest Financial Services, 
Huntworth, Bridgwater. Somerset. 

defeat, the Alliance would have 
the awesome task of deciding 
whether to retaliate with nuclear 

There is nothing automatic 
about this decision. Assessing the 
risk of escalation would be a 
crucial factor. The view that 
escalation would be inevitable, 
however eminent the authority to 
which it is attributed, is based 
purely on subjective judgement, 
not tested by any experience. The 
probability will never be zero, but 
it can certainly not be assumed to 
be 100 percent. 

Of course any degree of risk is 
profoundly disturbing, and God 
forbid therefore that the need for 
such a decision should ever arise. 

If it did. the fervent hope must be 
that statesmen on both sides 
would draw back from the abyss. 
But nothing would be better 
calculated to reduce the credibility 
of deterrence than for Nato to 
forswear in all circumstances the 
option to use nuclear weapons, 
and, if necessary, to use them first 
Lord Mountbatten did not 
make this mistake. He argued that 
We are most likely to preserve peace 
if there is a military balance between 
East and West The real need is for 
both sides 10 replace the attempts to 
maintain a balance through ever- 
increasing and ever more costly 
n ud ear armaments by a balance 
based on mutual restraint 
This is what the negotiations in 
Geneva and next week’s summit 
in Reykjavik are all about. 

Yours faithfully. 

Chimney House. 

Lave nliam, Sudbury. Suffolk. 

Troops in A^hamstan 

From Mr Andrew Carnegie 
Sir, Your front page headline 
“Afghan withdrawal begins ‘in few 
days’ ” (later editions. Oaober 3) 
would delight the Afghan KGB 
and their brothers in Moscow. 

It gives just the impression the 
Soviets utish to create of a steady 
de-escalation in Afghanistan, 
timely of course with the UN 

Returning as I just have from 
Afghanistan and neighbouring 
Pakistan. I can say that it is no 
secret that the troops. being with- 
drawn are Soviet anti-aircraft 
divisions, and as the Mujahedeen ■ 
are about as faraway from having 
an air force as they ever were, it 
makes such a withdrawal totally 

Unless, of course, reputable 
western newspapers represent it as 
a genuine gesture at a time when 
Soviet policy is in feet one of 
violent escalation against the civil- 
ian population. 

Yours faithfully. 

7 Bloomfield Terrace, SW|. 

Oaober 6. 

Illegal immigrants 

From Mr A. M. Housin' 

Sir. According 10 Home Office 
figures reportal in your columns 
(Oaober I). 1.1 14 illegal entrants 
to the United Kingdom were 
detected in 1985. Assuming that 
most ports of entry operate seven 
days of the week, this represents 
the not exactly alarming daily 
average of just over three illegal 
entrants, of whom 2*A leave 
voluntarily or are deported: 

One is bound to wonder what 

ITlfc the everlasting . fuss over illegal to team from 

Ulia immigrants is really all about, these matters. 

f particularly in view of the recent Incidentally, 

me Office proposal to impose a visa require- check on them 

r columns meni on visitors from certain drug-related of 

ii entrants Commonwealth countries and operation in f 

lorn were Pakistan. have learned 1 

mmg that Yours faithfullv. amesied- 

rate seven ANDREW HO'USLEY. Yours faithfull 

represents Ealing Community Relations RONALD F. E 

ting daily CounciL Chief Constabl 

tree illegal 2 The Green. Avon and Som 

2'A leave High Street. Chief Constabl 

led. Ealing. W5. Bristol. Avon, 

nder what October 2. ^ October 3. 

"7\afai t tifipUEmag s i 

Speaking up on 
pupils’ behalf 

From Mr Paul Farmer 
Sir. As head of a Brixton com- 
prehensive school I take exception 
10 the assertion by Amanda Atfaa 
and Sarah Drummond (Spectrum. 
October 6) that “State school 
pupils are sloppy, spotty and 
louche” . It i$ a breath takingly 
unfairand unkind assault, both on 
children in general and on the 
State system of education, only 
further reinforced by the corollary 
of the preceding statement, “In 
private schools, manners are good 
and the pupils are dean and 

Tbe vast majority of pupils at 
my school dress wdl: some of 
them dress very well. Their man- 
ners can be and usually are good, 
and they enjoy showing off them- 
selves and their school to visitors. 
They may be very occasionally 
spotty (are private schoolchildren 
immune to this teenage problem?) 
but invariably they are dean. 

Far from being touche, their 
openness, straightforwardness and 
sense of fairness can be quiie 
disarming. And all this is achieved 
in spite of their lack of privilege 
(65 per cent are on free meals) and 
as a result of the expectations of 
decent parents and conscientious 

At a time when parents of 
primary schoolchildren are 
considering their choices of 
secondary schools it is unfortu- 
nate the The Times should sup- 
port so-called research which 
contains provocative and mislead- 
ing statements. The real state of 
secondary schools is readily avail- 
able for all to see. 

As far as Dick Sheppard School 
is concerned we welcome visitors 
any Monday morning (polite, 
clean and well dressed pupils will 
receive you in the foyer), and 
whilst we cannot guarantee perfec- 
tion. like most secondary schools 
we have little to hide and a lot to 

Yours faithfullv. 

PAUL FARMER. Head Teacher. 
Dick Sheppard School, 

Tube Hill. SW2. 

October 6. 

Student loans 

From Mr K. J. Blois 
Sir. The current discussion of 
student loans appears to ignore the 
problems which will be con- 
fronted by students who are 
physically handicapped. 

Their number is slowly increas- 
ing. ' as a result of improved 
medical treatment, greater recog- 
nition by the public that a physical 
handicap does not necessarily 
involve 2 mental handicap and a 
greater acceptance by “normal” 
(as distinct from “special”) 
schools of such children. 

But although many firms are 
most generous in their contribu- 
tions to charities, it really is 
questionable whether they can be 
expected to make loans or sponsor 
handicapped students. 

Such students often have the 
expectancy of relatively short 
working lives due to the progres- 
sive nature of their condition. 
Others with non-progressive prob- 
lems will be considered by many 
employers to be “unemployable”. 

It is important that the prob- 
lems of thisgroup of young people 
should be recognized. It would be 
inequitable if we added yet an- 
other problem to lives which 
already face so many dis- 

Yours faithfully, 


54 New! and Mill, 



October I. 

Out of sight 

From Mr Philip Joseph 
Sir. Lord Craigton’s plea (Oaober 
4) for the provision of name labels 
with clearer type is well founded. 

However, the real answer lies in 
persuading people to wear their 
name badges on their right shoul- 
ders and not on their left as is 
usually done. We shake hands 
with our right hands, when the left 
shoulder gets thrown back at the 
vital moment of eye contact and 
the surface of the badge is then 
presented obliquely away from the 

Then, even if one is not myopic, 
one is still obliged to look some- 
one - right in the turned away 
shoulder while greeting them. It is 
not eleganL 
Yours faithfully. 


Books Etc Ltd. 

1 20 Charing Cross Road. WC2. . 

October 6. 

Policing in Bristol 

From the Chief Constable of Aron 
and Somerset Constabulary 
Sir. Since Miles Kington (feature. 
Oaober 2) is so interested in 
policing events in Bristol I should 
be delighted to provide the 
opportunity for him to meet those 
officers who, when the public are 
at risk, have to take difficult 
decisions such as whether to 
mount a siege orto sustain itin the 
absence of the certain knowledge 
that an armed criminal has fled. I ’ 
am sure they would be interested 
to learn from his experience in 
these matters. 

Incidentally, had he bothered to 
check on the number of arrests for 
drug-related offences in the recent 
operation in St Paul’s he could 
have learned that in fact 60 were 
Yours faithfully. 

Chief Constable. • 

Avon and Somerset Constabulary. 
Chief Constable's Office. 

Bristol. Avon. 

October 3. 


OCTOBER 9 1817 



Sir,— ... I plead in behalf of a 
numerous dass of helpless females, 
the victims of a tyranny Inn little 
known to the public, and Inst of 
all probably, contemplated by 
those of higher rank, in whose 
cause the)' suffer. The hardships 
and privations experienced by the 
young women apprenticed or hired 
to dress-makers in this metropolis, 
so far exceed the sufferings of any 
other description of persons in this 

country, not excepting the parish 
poor, and scarcely even the in- 
mates of our prisons, that l would 
fain hope that they need only to be 
pointed out to public notice in 
order to be redressed. The lot of 
domestic servants is to be envied, 
in comparison to that of the 
persons to whom I now allude . . . 
Exceptions may undoubtedly be 
found. I myself know of many 
instances in which these young 
persons are treated with great 
kindness: their hours of labour 
moderate: their religious and moral 
conduct watched over, and as much 
of comfort extended to them, as is 
perhaps consistent with the 
present state of society in this great 
town. Nevertheless, these are but 
exceptions. The treatment experi- 
enced by tbe generality of young 
females so employed is cruel in the 

The year, among dress-makers, 
is divided into seasons. The au- 
tumn and spring are (he seasons of 
business; the former beginning in 
Novembo', and ending in January; 
tbe latter extending from March to 
July, the period when the chief part 
of the nobility and gentry leave 
town for their summer residences 
and excursions. Thus, nearly two- 
thirds of the year axe fully occu- 
pied; the remainder is a state of 

comparative inactivity, during 

which the greater number of 
persons thus engaged are dis- 
missed, to subsist as they can until 
the ensuing season. 

In almost all tbe houses of 
extensive business in the dress- 
making line, the day and night are 
apportioned in the following man- 
ners- The young women rise either 
at six or seven o’clock according as 
they may happen to go earlier or 
later to bed. lliey sit at work till 8 
or 9, when they spend about half an 
hour, at most, at breakfast. At 
dinner, which varies in different 
houses, from 2 to 7 o’clock, as much 
time is allowed. And at some later 
hour, they employ a short time in 
taking their tea. In most cases this 
is the last meal allowed. After this 
they continue to work without 
intermission till 12 or one o’clock 
in the morning — that is whan 
business is slack, as they call it; but 
when orders are numerous and 
pressing; they are kept up tiD three 
or four in the morning, or even 
later if necessary; and not seldom 
in the course of the season they sit 
up all night, and continue their 
labour on the following day. On one 
occasion during the present season, 
they were only in bed 8 hours 
altogether in three successive 
nights; but then it was to execute 
an order for mourning! A wedding 
is to them not less disastrous. 
Upon one plea or another of this 
kind, and sometimes to gratify the 
wish of some capricious female of 
rank who must have her order fora 
new dress executed at a few hours' 
notice, it may be fairly computed 
that, upon an average, during the 
busy season, they sit at work 18 out 
of every 24 hours. The sabbath, 
which to the labouring poor, and 
even to our beasts of burden, is a 
day of rest, here often brings no 
solace nor intermission of labour 
with it. The work of Saturday 
night is protracted to a late hour on 
Sunday morning; and not infre- 
quently the whole of Sunday is 
thus occupied. 

Such incessant labour, it might 
be supposed, would be rewarded 
irith comforts in other respects; 
but they are sometimes as ill fed as 
they are hard worked. Will it be 
believed that in some houses of this 
description no provision is made 
for their young women on Sun- 
days? Yet such I know to be the 
fact. They are expected to spend 
the day out, whether they have 
friends in town to receive them or 
not ... I have known an instance 
of a young woman being thus 
compelled to pass the day between 
the hours of service in walking the 
streets until the return of evening; 
and with hardly the means of 
purchasing a scanty meal at the 
pastrycook's . . . 

I perceive that 1 have trespassed 
too much on your valuable paper, 
but I trust the magnitude of the 
object will be an excuse. I remain 
yours respectfully. 


Incident in Verona 

From Sir John Colville 
Sir. The effect of insult and injury 
in Verona, of which Mr Chris- 
topher McCall writes (Oaober 6). 
can be widespread. 

Many years ago my wife and I 
engaged an Italian girl as a cook. 
She could not cook and she 
arrived from Italy pregnant hav- 
ing heard that the British welfare 
state provided free maternity sen- 

I told the Prime Minister of this 
unfortunate imbroglio, adding 
that the girl's condition was due to 
a chance meeting after dark in a 
street in Verona. 

“Not one of the Two Gentle- 
men. 1 presume” said Sir Winston. 

I am. Sir. your obedient servant. 
The Close. Broughton. 

Nr Stodcbridge. Hampshire. 

Streets ahead 

From Mr P. E. L Ftilouvs 
Sir. "Flea Street” may become an 
anachronism, but “Grub Street” 
will live forever. 

Yours faithfully. 


The Court. 

Chipping Campden. Glouces te r shire . 








October & The Queen arrived at 
Buckingham Palace this 
afternoon. »■ 

THe Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips. President of the British 
Olympic Association, this after- 
noon attended the Annual Gen- 
eral Meeting of the Association 
at the Cafe Royal. Regent Street, 

Mrs Timothy Holderoess 
Roddam and Lieutenant-Colo- 
nel Peter Gibbs were in 

The Queen was represented 

S r the Right Hon Sir William 
esehine at the Memorial Ser- 
vice for Mr Richard Cawsion 
which was held in All Souls 
Church. Langham Place. Wl. 

The Duke of Edinburgh was 
represented by Mr Michael 


The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips was represented by 
Lieutenant-Colonel Peter 


Mrs John Dugdale has suc- 
ceeded Lady Abel Smith as Lady 
in Wailing to The Queen. 

October 8: The Princess of 
-Wales. Patron. Help the Aged, 
this evening attended a Gala 
Performance of The Phantom of 
the Opera in aid of the charity, at 
Her Majesty's Theatre, 

Miss Anne Beckwith -Smith 
and Lieutenant Commander 
Richard Aylard. RN, were in 

The Princess of Wales was 
represented by Sir John Riddell 
Bu at the Memorial Service for 
Mr Richard Cawston which was 
held in All Souls Church, 
Langham Place, Wl, today. 

October & The Princess Mar- 
. garet. Countess of Snowdon this 
-evening visited the Deptford 
' Mission and attended a Service 
at St Paul's Church. Deptford. 

The Lady Glenconner was in 
. attendance. 

October & The Duchess of 

Gloucester. ColoneJ-in-Chief, 
Royal Army Educational Corps, 
this morning received Majo£ 
General Sir Richard Trant on 
relinquishing the appointment 
as Representative Colonel Com- 
mandant. and Major-General 
Edward Jones on assuming the 

In the evening Her Royal 
Highness, as Patron, was 
present at the “Starlight Bair in 
aid of Asthma Research Council 
at the Hilton Hotel. London 

Mrs Howard Page was in 

October 8: The Duke of Ken L as 
Colonel-in-Chief of The Devon- 
shire and Dorset Regiment, 
today received Colonel Edward 
Tremlett on his assuming the 
appointment of Regimental Seo 
reiary and Brigadier John 
Randle on his relinquishing the 

The Duke of Kent, Vice- 
Chairman of the British Over- 
seas Trade Board, this evening 
attended the first Annual Din- 
ner of Members of the British 
Agricultural Export Council at 
Caledonian Club. Halkin Street, 
London SW1. 

Captain Michael Campbdl- 
Lamerton was in attendance. 

The Duchess of Kent. Patron, 
today attended the Annual Gen- 
eral Meeting of Unicef at the 
International Maritime 
Organization. Albert Embank- 
ment. London SEI. 

Miss Sarah Partridge was in 

Princess Anne. President of the 
Missions to Seamen, will attend 
a concert at St John's. Smith 
Square, on October 14 and a 
buffet supper afterwards. 

The Duke of Kent celebrates his 
birthday today. 

A memorial service for Sir Iain 
Sutherland will be held at the 
Crown Court Church of Scot- 
land. Russell Street, WC2, at 
noon today. 

A memorial service for Colonel 
Jonathan Alford will be held at 
Si Martin-in-the-Fields at 3pm 




Society of Knights 

- Sir Colin Cole. Garter King of 
Arms and Knight Principal of 

- the Imperial Society of Knights 
_ Bachelor, presided at a council 

meeting of the society held at 
the Reform Club yesterday. Sir 
Amar Maini was host at a 
luncheon held afterwards. 
~ Among those present were: 

• Sir Arthur Driver and 64r GOben 
-'ImdefMd i honorary deputy knights 
principal). sir Alexander purx? (chair- 
man of counctn. Sir Rooir Falk 

- f registrars Lord Fraser of Kumorack. 
Sir Ausun Bide. Sir Eric Cheacne. Sir 
Roden Crtchtoo-Brawn. Sir William 
Harris, sir fan McFariane. Sir David 
Napiey. sir John Titney and Mr 
Rooen Esden idcrk to me council). 

L uch time Comment Club 

Mr Max Hastings was the guest 
speaker at a luncheon of the 
' Lunchtime Comment Club held 
yesterday at the Cbnnaught 
Rooms. Mr S. John Halt, chair- 
man. presided. 


Tobacco Pipe Makers* and To- 
bacco Blenders’ Company 

' The Master of the Tobacco Pipe 
Makers* and Tobacco Blenders* 
Company. Mr LA. Chapuis. 
-presided at a dinner held at the 
Mansion House yesterday. The 
-other speakers were Colonel and 
Alderman Sir Ronald Gardner- 
Thorpe. Lord Mancrofi. Mr 
G.H. Challis and the Remem- 
brancer. Among others present 

Tho Amtuaudor of me _F*derai 
RrpubiK of Germany. Ladii Ganlner- 
Thorar. Mr AMrnnan and Shwtfl and 
Mrs M (chart Graham: the Master of 
itH- guss Sellers' Company, the 
Maun- Of the Company of Chartered 
Sccrctann a«l Administrators, ihe 
Master of the Sonru- of Merchant 
venturers of Bratol and the Head- 
master of Seven oaks School and their 

_.Tin Plate Workers* Company 

The Company of Tin Plate 
- Workers alias Wire Workers 
held their quarterly dinner at 
Tallow Chandlers' Hall yes- 
terday. The Master. Mr C.’ N. 
■ Packet!, presided. The Rev Ncv- 
illc Barker Cryer was the guest of 
honour and Mr J. C. Sharman 
also spoke. 

Fertiliser Manufacturers 

MrJ. B. Walker, President of the 
Fertiliser Manufacturers Associ- 
ation. presided at the annual 
dinner held at the Savoy Hotel 
yesterday. Mr James Provan, 
MEP, was among those present 

Oandle School 

The Master of the Grocers' 
Company was host at dinner in 
Grocers* Hall on Thursday, 
October 2 to inaugurate the 
Oundle School appeal for £1 
million to build a new sports 
hall library, physics building 
and other facilities. The appeal 
already stands at £279,000. 
Speakers at the dinner were Mr 
John Whitmore, Master of the 
Grocers' Company. Mr David 
McMurray, Headmaster of 
Oundle SchooL and Mr Bernard 
Ashford, appeal director. 

British Institute of International 
and Comparative Law 
The British Institute of Inter- 
national and Comparative 
Law's Grotius dinner, held in 
honourof Lord Denningand Sir 
Maurice Bathurst, QC took 
place yesterday at Lincoln's Inn. 
Lord Goff of Cbievdey presided 
and those present included Sir 
Patrick Neill, QC benefactors of 
the institute (including Mr D. 
Summers of Butterworth and 
Company (Publishing) Lim- 
ited). members of the institute's 
appeal committee, council of 
management, advisory boards 
and Editorial Board of the 
International and Comparative 
Law Quarterly, and members of 
the institute and their guests. 

Energy Industries Council 
The annual dinner of the Energy 
Industries Council was held at 
Grosvenor House yesterday. Mr 
Eddie Kieman. chairman, pre- 
sided and Mr Peter Everett was 
the guest speaker. 


Mr D. Walters, MP 
Mr Dennis Walters. MP, Chair- 
man of the Conservative Middle 
East Council, was host at the 
council's reception held yes- 
terday in honour of the Arab 
Ambassadors at the Wessex 
Hotel. Bournemouth. Sir Geof- 
frey Howe. QC, MP, was the 
principal guest. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Lord Cardross 
and Miss C- Beaumont 
The engagement is announced 
between Harry Ersldne, elder 
son of the Earl ami Countess of 
Buchan, of Newnham House. 

Newnfiam. Basingstoke, and 
Charlotte, daughter of the Hon 
Matthew Beaumont of 71 West 
Side. Ctapham Common, Lon- 
don. SW4. and Mre Alexander 

Maitland, of 58 Reddifle Gar- ' Shropshire, 
dens. London. SW]0. 

Mr M.R. Harvey 
ami MiSS AX. WHS** 

The engagement is announced 
between Marcus Robert, only 
son of Dr and Mrs Brian R. 
Harvey, of Holderslea. Gnndley 
Lane. Blythe Bridge, Stafford- 
shire, and Amelia Lucy, second 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Brian 
T. Wilkes, of Lower House, 
Church Pulverbatch. 

Mr LR. Allan 
and Miss AJM. Hayden 
The engagement is announced 
between Laurie, son of Mr and 
Mrs KJX Allan, of Oswestry, 
Shropshire, and Annabelle, 
wanghtAT of Mrs C-W. Hayden 
and the late Mr F.O. Hayden, of 
Ashtead, Surrey. 

MrGJR- Bowring 
and Miss FjC. Calmer 
The engagement is announced 
between Giles Richard, only son 
of Mr and Mrs Richard 
Bowring, of Lawklapd Hall, 
Austwick, Lancashire, and 
Felicity Clare, younger daughter 
of Mr John Oilmen and Mrs 
Richard Patrick, of Wood- 

bridge, Suffolk. 

Dr J.W. Carter 

and Dr ELS. Haworth 

The engagement is announced 

between John W. Carter, of 

Cape Town, South Africa, and 

Kathleen S. Haworth, of Bury, 


Dr J-A- Cook 
and Miss V.S. Reid 
The engagement is announced 
between James Anthony, son of 
Mr and Mrs J. Cook, of El 
Sauzel Tenerife, and Sue, sec- 
ond daughter of Mr L Reid, 
CBE, and Mrs N. Reid, of 
Abboiswood. Guildford. 

Mr J.B. Cnnningham-Batt 
and Miss AX. Tipple 
The engagement is announced 
between Jonathan Barrie, youn- 
ger son of Mr and Mrs M.D.B. 
Cunningham- Bait, of Col- 
chester, and Alexandra Louise, 
elder daughter or the late Mr 
A.N. Tipple and Mrs V.C 
Tipple, of Solihufl. 

Mr J.R.G. Htiditch 
and Miss M^. Dolton 
The engagement is announced 
between James, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs J.F. Hiktitch. of 
Beaconsftrid, Buckinghamshire, 
and Mary, only daughter of Mr 
and Mrs J.MJL Dutton, of 
Awbridge, Hampshire. 

and Miss S.EJL Noble - 
The engagement is announced 
between Shan, son of Mr Hua 
Lcmgyi and Mrs Zhao Ning, of 
China, and Sarah, eldest daugh- 
ter of Mr James Noble, of 
Portugal Place, Cambridge, and 
Mrs Patricia Nobte of 190 
Gold hurst Terrace. - London, 

Mr TX Lind berg 
and Miss DJL Gent 

The engagement is announced 
between Tim, son of Mr and 
Mis C. Lindberg, of Boston, 
Massachusetts, and Diana, - 
daughter of Mr and Mrs HA. 
Gent, of Verona, Italy. 

Mr AAJ. MacDonald 
and M5ss EJVL Schierbeek 
The engagement is announced 
between Angus Alexander 
James, son of Captain and Mis 
W.T. MacDonald, of Ardrahan 
House, Whitehead, Co Antrim, 
and Ella Marline, daughter of 
Dr RX Schierbeek, OBE, and 
Mrs Schierbeek, of Windrush, 
Antrim, Northern Ireland. 

Mr S JR. Reid 
and Miss CJ. Evans 
The engagement is announced ' 
between Stuart Robin, youngest 
son ofMrandMre Alan Reid, of 
Bath, and Charlotte Julia, 
daughter of Mr and Mis John 
Evans, of Dulwich. 

Mr A-W. Macmillan Douglas of 
Breton, yr, 

and Miss RJ. Meyadl 
The engagement » announced 
between Angus William, son of 
Major , and Mrs J.L.E. Mac- 
millan Douglas of Brigton. 
Brigton. Douglasiown, Angus, 
and Rosemary Jane, daughter of 
Mr and Mrs Hngh MeyneJl. of 
Brockton Court. Shifnal 

Mr AJD. Sparrow 
and Miss CM. Camps 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, younger son 
ofMr and MrsG.MJH. Sparrow, 
and Conch rta, elder daughter of 
Mr and Mrs Qtrapa, both of 
north-west London. 

Mr PJS. Tew 
and Miss PJL. Thomas 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter, only son of Mr 
and - Mrs CH. Tew, of 
B loadstone, Dorset, and Lynne, 
only, daqghter of Mr and Mrs 
J.V. Thomas, of Southport, 

Mr PJLP. Trooaad Mbs CM. 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs AJL Tran, of 
Stevenage, and Cosunina, eldest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs A. De 
Luca, of Hitchin, Hertfordshire. 

Lieutenant PM. Wahnrrigjbt, 

and Mbs FJVL McDowall 
The engagement is announced 
between Philip, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs Derrick. Wain- 
' wrighi, of Fdpbam, Sussex, and 
Frances, younger daughter of 
Mr and Mrs Keith McDowall, of 
Ash, Sevenoaks. 

Mr S.W. Webster 
and Miss LA- Casey 
The eng a gement is announced 
between Stephen, elder son of 
Mr and Mrs W A. Webster, of 
Leicester, and Leigh Anne, 
daughter of Mr P. Casey, of 
Sydney, Australia, and Mrs L 
Reed, of Northampton. 


Sir W illiam Barlow 
Sir William Bartow, chairman 
of BICC. to be President of the 
Federation ‘ of British 
Electrotechnical and Allied 
Manufacturers’ Associations 

Mr DJHL GHhnore to succeed Sir 
William Harding as Deputy 
Under-Secretary of State 
(Americas/Asia), Foreign, and 
Commonwealth Office. 

Reeves to be County 
Court Registrar for the districts 
of Bangor. Caernarfon. Conwy 
and Colwyn. Llangefni. 
Porthmadog and Rhyl county 
courts and joint District Reg- 
istrar in the district registry of 
the High Court at Bangor, 
Caernarfon and Rhyl, from 
November 3. 

Birthdays today 

Baroness Berkeley, 81; Mr Brian 
Blessed. 49; Mr Paul Chan non. 
MP. 51; Lord Chelmer, 72; the 
Right Rev Lord Coggan, 77; Dr 
William Cole, 77; Mr Denzil 
Davies. MP. 48; Mr S. L 
Devlin, 55. Lord Donaldson of 
Kingsbridge, 79; Major-General 
C. E. A Firth. 84; Lord 
H ail s ham of St Marylebone, 
CH. 79: Miss Mary Jarred. 87; 
Mr H. U. A Lambert, 61; Mr 
Don McCullin, Si; Sir John 
Maigetson„ 59; Mr Steve Ovett. 
31: Sir Nonnan Payne, 65; Earl 
St Aidwyn, 74; Mr Donald 
Sinden. 63; Colonel the Earl of 
Stair. SO. ~ 


The A bom ni ball in aid of Si 
Joseph’s Hospice Training Unit, 
will rake place on January 6, 
19S7, at Grosvenor House. Park 
Lane. Application forms are 
available from 01-937 0418. 

Mr CJR. Clarence-Smith 
and Mbs BA. Lovell 
The marriage took place on 
October 1, in San Diego, 
California, of Mr Christopher 
Clarence-Smith, youngest son of 
Mr and Mrs Kenneth Qarence- 
Smith, of Neatishead, Norfolk, 
and Miss Bridget Lovefi, daugh- 
ter of the late Wing Commander 
M.G.L Lovell ana Mrs M.GJL 
Lovell of Minehead, Somerset. 

Mr SIC. Heritage 
and Mbs ELMJL Eyre 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, October 4, at .St 
Andrews Church, Great 
Staughton, of Mr Simon 
Heritage, son of the late Mr 
Derry Heritage and Mrs Zina 
Edmunds, and... Miss Esther 
Eyre, daughter of Air Com- 
modore and Mrs Ambrose Eyre, 
of Bath. 

. The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by GTaoe Vane Percy, 
"Emily Heritage, Toby Heritage, 
Elizabeth Woodcock, Thomas 
Goldser- and Catherine Lowe. 
Mr Jeremy Hill was best man. 
Mr MX Si vers 
and Mrs MA. Raddiff 
The marriage took place in 
London, on Wednesday, Octo- 
ber 8, between Mr Michael 
Kenneth Si vers and Mrs Mary 
Ann Raddiff. 


Dr PA. Holmes 
and Mbs EA. Wangh 

The marriage took place on 
Saturday. Septem b er 27, 1986, 
at the Parish- Church of St 
Andrew, North Berwick, Scot- 
land, of Dr Paid Anthony 
Holmes, youngest son of Mre 
Dorothy Holmes, and the tote 
Mr Gordon Holmes, Ilkiey, 
West Yorkshire, and Miss 
Bspetb Anne Waugh, elder 
daughter of Dr and Mre W. 
Nonnan Waugh, North Ber- 
wick, Scotland. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Miss Kirsty Waugh 
and Miss EUcna Holmes. Mr 
Simon Holmes was best man. 
The honeymoon is being spent 
in Iceland. 

Mr PC. Ihuiliiig 
nndJVGssJLM. Harper . _ . 

The marriage took place on 
September 26, in ‘ Vertrier, 
Switzerland, of Mr Peter Pau- 
ling, second son of Dr Linns 
Pauling, of Honolulu, Hawaii 
and Mme Anita Qser, of Dor- 
dogne. France, and Miss Kath- 
erine Harper, youngest daughter 
of Dr and Mrs James Harper, of 
Kirkcudbright, Scotland. 

Memorial services 

Invest horn 
and enjoy a 



Income Bonds now paying 11-25% p.a. Details from 
your post office. Or ring 0800 100 100 (free) anytime. 
Or send the coupon-no stamp needed. 

To Nauerul Saving*. FREEPOST 4i55.Bn«olBSI JYX. Please send me deuils. 






Mr. R. Cawston 

The Queen was represented by 
Sir William HeseUine, who also 
read ihe first lesson, at a service' 
of thanksgiving for the life of Mr 
Richard Cawston held at AH ' 
Souls, Langham Place, yes- 
terday. The Duke of Edinburgh 
was represented by Mr Michael 
Shea, the Prince of Wales by Sir 
John Riddell and Princess Anne 
by Lieutenant-Colonel Peter 

The Rev Richard Bewes 
officiated and the Right Rev 
John Poole Hughes read “In 
Memoriam'* by Tennyson. Mr 
Aladair Milne, Director-Gen- 
eral of Ihe BBC. read the second 
lesson. Mr Antony Jay, Chair- 
man of Visual Arts, and Mr 
Sydney Samuelson, British 
Academy of Film and Tele- 
vision Arts, gave addresses. 
Among others present were: 

Mrs Cawsion r Widow). Mr Tim 
Cawstog and Mr David Cawsion 
i sons). Sir Michael and L*dy MuMW 
and Mr and Mrs Nicholas mums 
■ brothers -in -I aw and swera-ta-taw). or 
and Mrs N B Eastwood. Bw R*-v 
Arthur Cawsion. Mr John Cawston. 
Dr and Mrs J Eastwood. Mr and Mrs J 
Stick) and. Mrs Sylvia Dtbbrn. Mr and 
M Hughes. Mrs R Purvis. Mrs 
wiuouqhhy Jones. 

Mr Brian wenhani Unanaoing direc- 
tor. bbc Ranioi and Mrs wen ham 
with Mr BIU Cotton (managing direc- 
tor. BBC Television). Mr Atom 
Protheroe (assistant director-general). 
Miss Pallida Hodgson (secretary). Mr 
will Wyatt (head of documentary 
features. Television). Mr John Drum- 
mono i can lr oiler. Music). Mr David 
Banovucon trailer. Public Affairs). Mr 
Stephen Hearst. Miss Margaret Doug* 

. u>ra. Brabourne. Lady 

Lady Heseome. the hot 

Lamb. Sir Roger Cary. Sir William 
van Straufaenree. MP- Lieutenant- 
Colonel Sir John ’ Johnston, jmt 
O ranara Benson (chairman. Bnfla) and 
Mrs Benson with Mr Richard Price 
(treasurer): Mr Peter Robinson 
(managing director. Video Arts) with 
Mr Michael Peacock I direct or) and 
Mre Peacock: Mrs A&sdair Milne. Mr 
Ronald Allison (Thames TVJ. Mr 
Dickie Arbiter (independent Radio 
News). Mr Johnnie Goodman (Eustan 
Films). Mr Peter Dinunock ivtce- 
presioeot. American Broad 
Companies Worldwide Sale T __ 
Marketing TV Sooth, and managing 
director. ABC Sports miemattonai) 
Mr David Joyce (pubUc relations 
manager. Shell UK) and Mrs Joyce. 

Mr Hugh Hunt- Mr and Mrs John 
Hastam. Miss Fehdly sunnson. Mrs 
Amur Neal. MM Vivian Johnstone. 
Mr and Mre R Johnstone. Miss 
Catherine (Seng. Mrs S Samuelson. 
Mr and Mre Shaun Sutton. Mrs C 
DunkJay. Mr Humphrey Burton. Mr 
John Barnes. Mr Ronald Harwood. 
Mr John Lev. Mr John . Dm. Mr 
----- Cron. -- 

Trevor PhUpott. Mr David 


Robert Alexander. QC. . and Mrs 
-- Michael v 

Alexander. MW 

Mre D Blarney _ 

J Wan. Mr and 
Dr _ Malcolm 

■McKcttow. Mrs Mary Rata. Mre 
Nancy Thomas. Mr and Mre Leonard 
Mian. Mr Peter Barer. Mfcn Susan 
Jacobs. Mr and Mre Barry Took. Mr 
Denis Norden. Mise E Poole Hughes. 
Mr and Mre F Carr. Mr John Cain. Mr 
James Brrdln. Mr and Mb David 
Eady. Mr John Hamilton and Mr and 
Mrs Daild de Yang. 

Lord WooBey 

Viscount Leverbulme, Lord- 
Lieutenant of Cheshire, gave an 
address at a memorial service 
for Lord Woolley held yesterday 
in Chester Cathedral The Vice- 
Dean of Chester, Canon W. 
Van stone, officiated, assisted by 
the Rev J.M.G. Davies. The 
Hon W. Graham Woolley, son, 
and Mr John Platt read the 

Philip Larkin 
memorial fund 

The Poet Laureate. Ted Hughes, 
and the author. Kingsley Amis, 
are helping to establish a fund in 
memory of Philip Larkin, the 
poet and novelist which will be 
used to buy modern literary 
manuscripts for libraries in the 
United Kingdom and 10 help 
Hull University to establish a 
Philip Larkin room. 

Gifts and donations should be 
sent to the Secretary, Philip 
Larkin Memorial Appeal Fund. 
14 Store Street London WOE 



The following have been ele c ted 
officers of the Needlemakers' 
Company for the ensuing yean 
Master. Mr J.D. Foster. Senior 
Warden. Sir Henry Warner 
Junior Warden. Sir Jasper 

Latest wills 

Mrs Grace Wyndham Goldie, of 
Hammersmith. London: for- 
merly head of talks and current 
affairs. BBC - Television, who 
pioneered the handling of poli- 
tics on' television, left estate 
valued at £207.192 net 

Mr G.M. Godfrey 

Mr Gerald Michael Godfrey. 
QC. has been appointed a Judge 
of the High Court in Hong 


University news 


Mr Bill Bradshaw, formerly 
genera] manager of BR’s West- 
ern Region, has been appointed 
to the British Rail chair in 
transport management depart- 
ment of geography. 


King's College London (KQC) 
Dr J. Wilson- Barnett has been 

appointedto the chair of nursing 
studies. - 

Dr M. Green, of Bristol Univer- 
sity. has been appointed to the 
chair of inorganic chemistry. 

Dr N. A. Staines has been 
appointed professor of 


Dr John Bynner. reader in 
educational research meth- 
odology. has been appointed to 
a single tenure chair in 


Mr Hugh Stephenson, former 
editor of the New Statesman, 
and a former editor of The 
Times Business News, has been 
appointed professor of journal- 
ism and director of the 
university's postgraduate centre 
for Journalism. He succeeds 
Professor John Dodge. 

Music award 

Mr Robert Ponsonby. formerly 
Controller of Music at the BBC. 
has won the Leslie Boosey 
award, sponsored by the Royal 
Philharmonic Society and ihe 
Performing Right Society, for 
hts contribution towards 
contemporary music. 



The man who produced Casablanca 

Mr Hal B. Wallis, a Holly- 
wood producer whose name 
appeared on more than 400 
films, including Casablanca, 
The Maltese Falcon and True 
Grit, died on October 5 at ihe 

age of 88. . 

In a forty-year career he 
operated equally successfully 
within the studio system and 
as an mdependenL His films 
typified the commercial Hol- 
lywood product at its best 
surmg stories directly told and 
aiming to entertain. He main- 
rained that there was no tragic 
formula for success in film- 
making. but time and again be 
proved his shrewdness, in 
gauging popular taste. 

He had his retort to accusa- 
tions of playing safe. After 
everyone else had turned it 
down, he bought William 
Inge's play. Come Sack, Little 
Sheba, cast Shirley Booth, an 
actress new to films, in the 
lead role, and saw her win' the 
Oscar for the year's best acting 

Harold Brent Wallis was 
bom in Chicago on September 
14. 1898. He left school at 14 
and, to support his mother 
and two sisters, worked as an 
office boy with a real estate 
firm. Later he was a salesman. 
Because of the mother’s health 
the family moved to southern 
California in 1921, and be got 
his first job in films as the 
manager of a Los Angeles 
movie theatre. 

He was noticed by Sam 
Warner and brought into the 
studio where he soon became 
head of publicity. It was 
Wallis who coined the phrase 
"the Lubiuch touch" to sell 

the work of the esnigrf Ger- 
man director, Ernst Lubitsch. 

He became production ex- 
ecutive and bis credits began 
auspiciously ' in 1930 with 
Howard. Hawks’s The Dawn 
Patrol and Mervyn Leroy's 
gangster film, LMtle Caesar. m 

After branching out on his 
own for a time, he succeeded 
Darryl F. Zanuck as head of 
production at Warner’s in 
1933, and supervised such 
pictures as Reinhardt's A Mid- 
summer Nighfs Dream, The 
Adventures of Robin Hood. 
The Roaring Twenties, The 
Maltese Falcon, Yankee Doo- 
dle Dandy and Casablanca. 

One production of the peri- 
od, the 1942 King's Raw ; 
starred the actor Ronald 

In 1944 he formed Hall 
Wallis Productions. Though 
attached to Paramount for 
distribution he had total free- 
dom to choose and set up his 
projects. Initially his credits 
were less impressive than 
before, though they included 
the splendid Barbara 
Stanwyck melodramas. The 
Strange Love of Martha Ivers 
and Sorry, Wrong Number. 

Having earlier helped to 
launch the film careers of stars 
like Olivia de Havilland and 
Errol Flynn, Wallis continued 
the tradition in '19S0 with 
Charlton Heston in Dark City. 
He was also instrumental in 
getting Dean Martin and Jerry 
.Lewis established as a film 
comedy team. 

In the 1950s his chief prote- 
gp was Elvis Presley (nine 
films beginning with Loving 
You), while his other pictures 

t ■■■ 

at this lime included The 
Rainmaker, with Katharine 
Hepburn, and -the John 
Sturges Westerns, Gunfath at 
the OK Corral and 
from Gun Bill. 

In 1964 Wallis came to 
Britain to make Becker, a huge 
box-office success which 
starred Richard Burton and 
Peter O’Toole. After this, he 
brought the stage hits 
Boeing and Barefoot in 
Park to the screen and struck 
up a fruitful partnership with 
the veteran director 
Hathaway on two popn& . 
Westerns starring John ~ 
Wayne; The Sons of fatfe / , 
Elder and True GriLTue latter J 1 
won Wayne his only Oscar, v/. 1 

Wallis returned to Britan a / 
1969 for another costume ' A 

picture. Anne qf the Thousand - 

Days, which proved successful 
despite indifferent reviews.- 
“This is one of . the crosses I 
have to bear”, Wallis reflect- !* * 
ed. “They just don't like the 
idea of Americans doing films f 
about British history".'- - 

In 1971 he added to his 
historical forays Mary, Queen 
of Scots, casting Vanessa -~'V 
Redgrave in the title role and ViJ.- 
Gienda Jackson as Queen ^ 
Elizabeth. A > 

He met his first wife, Louise 
Fazenda, the popular film 
comedienne of the , sileni 
screen, when he was acting as -* 
press agent for b Or co-flat; f. 
Rin-Tin-Tin. She died fe 
1962. Five years later he ? 
married the actress Martha ' 
Hyer, who survives him to- 
gether with one son of the Ihst 



Dr James Hardy Wilkinson, 
FRS, who made an outstand- 
ing contribution to computing 
through his work on numeri- 
cal analysis, died on October 
5. He was 67. 

Born on September 27, 
1919, be was educated at Sir 
Joseph Williamson's Mathe- 
matical School, Rochester, 
and Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge. where, at the age of 16, 
he won a major scholarship in 
mathematics. He went on to 
gain first class honours in Part 
n of the Maths Tripos and a 
distinction in Part HI. 

He entered the Ministry of 
Supply in 1940, in an-outsta- 
tion of the armament research 
department at the Mathemati- 
cal Laboratory, Cambridge. 
He transferred in 1943 to Fort 
Halstead where he was in- 
volved in striving day-to-day 
problems in ballistics and the 
thermodynamics of explo- 
sives by classical mathemati- 
cal techniques and by 
numerical methods. 

After the war he joined the 
National Physical Laboratory 

(NPL) to embark on the work 
which subsequently led to 
world-wide recognition and 
aedaira. . 

He played a key part in 
developing the ACE comput- 
er, one of the first to be builL 
He then concentrated on the 
application of computers for 
solving scientific problems, 
developing the numerical 
methods needed for the task. 
In this research. Wilkinson 
departed from existing ap- 
proaches and devised a new 
type of analysis based on a 
different philosophy. 

This Wilkinson called 
“backwards error analysts”. In 
trying to find a numerical 
solution to a mathematical 
problem, he found himself 
solving not the original prob- 
lem but another dose to iL 
From this be then worked 
backwards to solving the. ini- 
tial problem. 

He published Rounding Er- 
rors in Algebraic Processes and 
The Algebraic Eigenvalue 
Problem, both standard 

works. He also developed 
mathematical software in 
high-level languages, the most 
common of whiai is Fortran 
(formula translation). 

Following his retirement 
from NPL he was appointed 
professor in the computer 
science department at Stan- 
ford University, California. 

Wilkinson, despite the 
many honours beflowed upon 
him. never lost contact with 
those around him, nor adopt- 
ed an ostentatious lifestyle. 
The bicycle remained his pre- 
ferred form of transport, and 
at many international gather- 
ings his numerous foreign 
admirers were surprised to see 
him arrive on two wheels. -ffis 
zest for fine wines, good food 
and convivial company was 
shown in the numerous par- 
ties that he and his wife gave 
for friends and colleagues. " 

He married, in 1945, Headi- 
er Ware, who was a continu- 
ous support to him. She and 
their son survive him. -a 
daughter having predeceased 
him — 


General Sir John Wesiall 
KCB, CBE who died in New 
Zealand on September 30, 
aged 85, was an officer whose 
distinguished service was pri- 
marily in the Royal Mmines, 
but who also spent a consider- 
able number of years in intelli- 
gence appointments. 

John Chaddesley Wesiall 
was bora on July 2, 1901. 
Though a New Zealander, he 
was educated at Dulwich. He 
joined the Royal Marines in 
October 1919, and by 1930 
had reached the rank of 

He served in HMS Diomede 
in New Zealand from 1930 to 
1933, and in HMS Si Vincent 
from 1934 to 1936. He quali- 
fied at the Royal Naval Staff 
College in 1938 and was 

appointed staff officer, intelli- 
gence, at Singapore in 1931, 
where be remained until the 
eve of the Japanese 

Thereafter be held intelli- 
gence appointments in Ma- 
laya, India and Burma until 
returning to the naval intelli- 
gence division at the Admiral- 
ty in 1944. 

After the Second World 
War, between 1945 and 1951, 
he commanded the Infantry 
Training Centre, Royal Ma- 
rines, was staff officer, intelli- 
gence, Cape Town, chief staff 
officer to major-general Royal 
Marines, Plymouth, and CO 
of the Royal Marine Barracks 
at Plymouth and Deal 

He was appointed chief of 
staff to tire Commandant- 


Mr David Mure, a small but 
effective cog in the wartime 
machine of anti-Nazi decep- 
tion. died recently at his home 
in Chelsea. He was 73. 

David William Alexander 
Mure was born in Eglinton 
Castle, Ayrshire, on October 
25. 1912. His father. Colonel 
William Mure, who died that 
year, was a grandson of the 
first LonJ Lecon field and head 
of his sept, the Mures of 

He left Wellington early in 
the Great Depression, among 
whose many casualties were 
the fixed incomes of small 
landed families such as his 
own. A venture into film- 
making did not improve his 

When the war began, he 
enlisted in the Royal Norfolk 
Regiment and found himself 
guarding London's dockland. 
He was soon picked out for 

officer training, and commis- 
sioned into the 60th Rifles. 
With them he served in the 
Western Desert until he was 
shifted from the ardours of the 
front line to staff work in the 

He joined the tiny, efficient 
team known as A Force, 
whose ostensible task was to 
train soldiers in methods of 
escape. Their actual work, far 
more secret and more intri- 
cate. was to play back to the 
German Abwehr in Athens 
and Istanbul the radio sets of 
captured spies, without letting 
the Germans know that the 
spies had .been captured. 

It was thus possible substan- 
tially to deceive the German 
high command, and to divert 
many divisions from the Rus- ' 
sian from to guard the Balkans 
against invasions that never 
took place. 

After the war Mure kept 



Mr Ashley Courtenay, who 
wrote Let's Halt . Awhile, a 
hotel guide which became an 
English classic, died at sea on 
October 7. He was 98. 

The first edition of this 
unassuming-looking volume 
had as its - subtitle: “Being 
some recommendations from 
personal • experience as to 
where to eat and sleep in Kent 
and Sussex, with digressions 

into Surrey." when it first 
appeared in 1934. 

But it soon came to be 
regarded as - so accurate a 
mirror of English middle-dass 
life that it even found its way 
into a Punch cartoon in 1956. 

The guide eventually had 
editions in three languages 
and achieved its 50th birthday 
in 1984. 

Some changes in format 
were perceptible in the face of 

commercial pressure. But the 
guide retained much of the 
charm of Courtenay’s original 
prose, -redolent of an era when 
Dorset lanes were still almost 
innocent of motor cars. ' 

He himself continued work- 
ing well into his nineties, and 
was on a wine cruise in the 
Mediterranean when he died. 

His wife, Nancy, was found 
dead in her cabin on the same 


Katharine Ladv Otoriey, and climbing from her fetheris 
who died on October 2 at the family, particularly the. En- 

age of 88, was the only 
daughter of Edward Hopkin- 
son, MP and electrical 

After serving as a VAD in 
the First World War she 
became her father's secretary, 
jater working for the Liberals 
in politics. 

She inherited a love of hills 

glish Lake District where she 
met her future husband, Tbeo 
(later Lord) Choriey. She be- 
came president of the Ladies’ 
Alpine Club, vice-president of 
tire Fell & Rock Climbing 
Gub, and editor of its journal ‘ 
This interest led her to write 
her first book. Hills & High- 
ways. which was followed by 

Armies <£ the Art qf Revolu- 
tion. written largely before, 
but published during the war. 
and still required reading: 

This was fo! lowed: in 1950, 
by Manchester Made Them, a 
perceptive picture of the soci- 
ety in which she grew dp; and 
a bn^graphy of Arthur Hi«h 
Clough, published weD before 
that poet's ■ importance, was 
generally recpgnfeed.. - ■ ^ 


General Royal Marines in 
1951 and the following year 
succeeded to the post himself 
He retired in 1955. 

He had many friends in 
business and on retirement 
joined the board of United 
Dominions TrusL 

He was a keen fisherman 
and a good shot and was able 
to indulge in these pastimes to 
lire frill during his retiremenL 
until illness overtook him. He 
was a very equable man who 
was never known to lose his 

He was twice married, first, 
in 1930. to Maud Busbe who 
died in 1971 and, second, in 
1977, to Margaret Boyle, who 
survives him. There were two 
sons and one daughter of the 
first marriage. 




silent, as ordered, for years 
When at last he could' put 
some of this into prinL be 
wrote three books: Practise to 
Deceive (in paperback as 
Phantom Ann r). Bis own war 
story; Master of Deception, a 
life of his boss, the enigmatic 
Brigadier Dudley Clarke; and 
The Last Temptation ;■* mock 
autobiography of Guy Liddell 
long a senior figure in MI5. 

This. book, which mad- 
dened many readers by item- 
ing those in it after characters 
in Lewis CarroH, gave fasci- 
nating insights into- the work- 
ings of the security service and 
the English class system. 

Behind a rather bumbling 
exterior Mure concealed a 
sharp eye and a warm heart. 
He tried his hand at various 
business ventures.- ending as 
head of a small textile firm. 

He was twice married and 
leaves a- son by each marriage. 


>, v - 





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BSft »?; 

Wdvia. a «o„ «™nn 

KAmmw a^s eawaru 
to Man- (Sl^SJWCTMKr 1986. 
daughter. “* Sean. a 

for Richard * *«w 

wSnnSon < Dc* p I CTI ?* r ^O 01 - «i 

• aSi'SuS? °«* 


a daugtue'. 

Ttionas • SSLfiS 2 ac * er - 31 » 

Haribury-Br^w,^" J°, Loutoe into 

o-S S^rf.™...s'>!« 

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!^ t i£&-ow3S!'E££ 

^uaug HM. Melanie Sarah 

‘^oa'ti«Hl S ThS2b r toSar * t1 (n ^ 
•fBT Edv^S Ttnms& ' 0 *»■ Alexan. 

On October 5m. to -«a»ny 

SSLTSSSSr* 30,1 J ™» 


"Nictioja, Alexander) 

£™K» hSuPTSS 
SZ-'GJSS,™"*' ^ 

t’EpRCH On 2nd October, to Rose- 
Ii- CfwzarcBi and william, a 

bS' ^ ,TK| Kalher1ne 

On SeMetaber 26th. at 
P^ r L Ma f l s - Roehampton. to Jolla 
Stwhensom and Stuart, a son. 
n™ DavM - a brottiw for Helena. 
««« On October 2nd 1986. to JOi 
and Stephen, a son. Ingram John 
Wynn, a brotner for Fin n 
MULLET See O’Brien 
STEEL On September Z7 Ul to Rupert 
A ™ Jasmin*, a son 
S “MM ER SOI» On 4m October, at 
Hubby. 10 kale tnee Rasing) and Ml- 
•J2* 1 - * ssier for Nicholas and Klin. 
TURNER On October 4lh. to Jacque- 
lineinee Earmhaw; and John, a son. 
Michael John, a brother for Daniel. 
VAUGHAN On 21st September 1986. 
to Virginia Louise ami Peter William, 
a daughter. Amelia Claire, at. John 
Radcliffe Hospital. Oxford. A sHer 
cor Hamel and Oltvla. 

WILLIAMS On September 30th. lo 
caihnnoe cnee While; and Simon, a 
»n Robert Thomas 


MILNE : ELKAN - On 4th October in 
Our ham. Professor Alan Milne LOSu 
sau (Ukan 

SMITH ; WADDHMTON. The marriage 
loon place on October 2nd at Si 
John's Church. COlwyn Bay. bo- 
iMeen Norman Smith or Leominster 
and Mary Waddlngton of Cohvyn 


ADAMS -On October Slh 1986. peace- 
fully in haspnaL Patricia. .(ate 
Dev inot beloved wife of the late Rob- 
ert Adams, and dear mother of 
Marv Funeral Service- at St Frauds 
of Avar Church. Halstead, on Friday 
lorn October al Kara. RsntUy-flow- 
ers only, donations If. desired to 
Imperial Cancer Research Fund. 
ALLEN On October 6th. Mfcs 
Emmeline Clarissa Johnson Alien, 
peacefully, in Malmesbury HospUaL 
wlih the love and prayers of an her 
fnends. may she rest In peace Fu- 
neral Service at Malmesbury Abbey 
on Monday October 13th at 2.00 pm. 
followed by cremation al Swindon. 
Enuuiries to H & C Matthews. Funer 
jl Directors. Malmesbury . Tel 2216. 
BIGLAND On October 7th. peaceful- 
ly at Saint John’s Hosrtce. 
Lancaster Mesa Pauline loved wile 
oi i he late John Bipland of Bigland 
Hall uversion and mother of Sarab- 
Anne. Richard and Anthony 
Funeral al Saint Anne’s Church. 
Ha\ ortnwalte al 1.30 on 10th Octo- 
ber followed by private cremation, 
family flowers only but donaBona to 
the Hospice. 

COOK suddenly, at tus home, altar a 
long illness, william Cook. U Colonel 
RE Tirdi Dear husband of Doreen 
and io\ing faiher of Heaiber and 
Muira Family flowers only. If de- 
• ii i-d donations to Cancer Research. 
,-»o Charles Read & Daughter. 5 Nor- 
mandy StrceL Alton. Hants (Tei 
iMJO 835311 

COURTENAY On 6Ut October 1986. 
Mi Ashley. 98 years and Mrs Nancy. 
73 -.ears, whilst on a cruising hoB- 
,ij\ in me Mediterranean 
4 ft SOUZA - On October 4lh 1986. 
peacefully and suddotly at home. 
V erki (Musicianl aged 73 years, he- 
lot cd husband of Vi. fofoer 
.ind V\ cmne. grandfather of DanWIe 
,ind C-olehe 

COWARDS On October 6th 1986. 


\% Bookseller Funeral private Satbr 
.mi NicF Cray, grandchildren Dylan. 
b2££ and Daisy will alt trtss Mm. 
FARNHAM ■ On 30lh Syemb er 1966. 
x.iadenU. Robin Peter, aged 35 
, ,-jr* Funeral Service at Scanting 
i in it ch. Dereham. Norfolk. o oMon - 
AM I3th October at J.00p- 
, imuirrs lo R H Payers jmd Soo. Fu- 
n.-ral Directors. 42 >"« Raltwy 
Road- King’s LynmfWfotK Tele- 
phone 772134 or 772316 

loved Husband of Jean. Faih er of 
virhony- and Robert and Grmxl Pa. 
,,i Andrew. Carotin. Victoria arid 
iUmr private ere mantra on^hOo 

122 * Memorial Sendai S- 


Redory Farm. Lympsham. 


info Mriresoone) oa October 


"Wffl^ndmother Funeral 12 noon 
ei™* 1 * ® Marys RC 

^OndOL crown lane. OifAhum 

**^™rj*_ On October am. 1986, 
P««rfuny at Manor HaQ Nursing 
««"•. Eastbourne. Ursula, aged 96 
Years Widow of Robert Morgan In 
Moved mother of Jean. Elia 
Aid be (ate Pamela Dearest grand- 
momertrf Vanessa. Michaet. ftafla. 

and Timothy Funeral Service 
™ Eastboonte 

on Monday Oetobcr 13th at 12 noon 

MartRTHimr on September 17th 
l98&Jeanne Yvonne The Funeral 
$ 41 Tententen cemetery 

KenL 00 Monday October 
,I3lh 1986 ax 130pm 

MMBH On 4th OcKJbe- 1966. peace- 
fUIbr. Margaret Ethel Marsh, widow 
or the late Herbert KBbrtde Marsh, 
oetoved mother, sister, grandmother 
and aunt Cremation Service at 
Goldws Own. tomorrow Friday 
10th October at 11 am West Cha- 
nell Mo flowers please but tfoMOom 

may be sent to The lnlernaaanaf 
Fund For Animat Welfare. New 
Road. Crowborougb. East Sussex 

MIKES On October 10. Lea tnee 
HanaM at her house at Queen's park 

WBNASSIAN On 6th October 1986. 
peacefully, after Uhtesa fought wtth 
great courage. Elbe, devoted mother 
of Vivien and John and tale wife of 
Antoine Funeral Service wffl take 
Place at St Sarkis Church. Kerna 
Cardens. Kensington, at Friday I Oth 
October at 1030 a.m Family now 
ers only and don atio ns lo Cancer 
Research wm be greatly app re cia ted 
Interment at Putney Vale Cetneterv 
mi 12 noon 

PAGE On 5th October, formerly of 
Fulham. Fttmwen. and BerhUFou 
Sea NeBle MabeL widow of Francis, 
dear sister, aunt, »ia great aunt 

POTTER On Saturday October 4th. 
Ernest James, at bis home in Hytfae. 
Kent Funeral Friday 10th October 
2 pm al Hawidnge CreantorUnn 
Flowers to Han brook A Johns. 1 
Ovmrtiurch Road. Hythe. hy 1 1 am 
Friday 10th 

MCHAKD5 On October 3rd. peaceful 
ty AC OUccyl aged 64 Dearly 
loved husband of Pal and father of 
Stephen. Roy and NeB. Funeral Ser 
vice l 45 pm oo Friday lOtb October 
at St Coes Church. Stoke Poges. 
Bucks. Followed by private crema- 
tion No Oowen please. Donations In 
lieu lo me Sue Ryder Home. 
NeoiebetL Henley on Thames. 

On 7Ut October 
peacefully- in Ms sleep, at HOI Cot 
tage. Ridgway Road. Faroham. 
Surrey. CaMatn W.F-H.C- Rather 
ford CLB.E, 1X5.0 . RJfJRedred) 
beloved husband of Ana. loving fa- 
ther of Ntchoiese and Michael and 
Poppa lo Kare. Lucy. Tom i 
James. Service at 1 1.45 am. Mon- 
day 13th October at Sl Thomaeon- 
the-Bourne. Fambam. Surrey 
followed by crematkra at 1230 al 
Aldershot Oemarortum. 

On 4th October 1986. 
Ruth Irwin (nee Crosstey) pfarelhlhr 
in Capetown. A private funeral has 
been arranged In Capetown. 

On Sunday Slh October 
1986. Percy . Charles Bread 
SMrreOS. dear husband of Doreen 
Funeral Service at SL Peters 
Church. Lodsworth. West Sussex, on 
Friday 10th October at 230 pm. fol- 
lowed by private cremation. No 
flowers by his reguesL 

WAMOLE On October Slh Harold Ar 
gyle aged 78 yean, peacefully at 
home Loving husband of BeOy and a 
much loved faiher of John. William 
and Margaret father-in-law of Lin- 
da. Margot and NkixXss and beloved 
grandfather of Anna. Donations if 
desired to Dr B ar n a rd ra . 

On 5th October 1986 sudden- 
ly, at M&bomeotBoxiiilL Bob. father 
of Nicholas. Deborah and Rory 

WILLIAMS' OuOcteber 7th. in Johan- 
nesburg. John NoeL -Priest of the 
Community of the Resurrection, m 
the 62nd year of Ms age and Uie 28d» 
year of his Profession. R.LP. Solemn 
Requiem at MMidd on Octobw LSOl 
at 12 15pm Requiem and Funeral in 
Johannesburg on October 1 8th 


A Thanksgiving Cor the Ufe 
or Lady (Susan) JeWcoe. Hon D. LUL 
Hon FU. will be held at the Royal 
Society of Arts. John Adam Street 
Adelptila. London, at Midday on 
Wednesday. October 29th. 

A Memorial Sendee 
for Sir tatu Sutherland wffl be held 
m Thursday. 9th October at 12noon 
at The Crown Court Church of Scot- 
land. Rnssefl Street- Covent Garden. 
London WC2 .... 


DALUHG. WttUam Laldtaw October 
9th. 1982 My endless gratitude and 
love B 

DONALD m loving memory of Louise 
Margaret, who died 9Ui October 
1984 Loved and sadly ndssed by her 

JOHNSTON - WDUarn Smyth, died 5Bt 
October 1982. m loving menory al- 
ways. Richard and Helen. 

POPPER. October 9th. 1983. Ida May 
my. beautiful and wonderful darting 
Mother No day ever passes without 
grief for our pa rt ing - Neither time 
nor age dim the memory of our 
serene and perfect happbien to- 
gether. cherished and revered more 
than words can express. Norman 


£4 a Bat + 15% VAT 

(minimum 3 lines) 
Announccroenlk authenticated by 
the name and permanent address 
of the sender, may be sem tot 

PO BOX 484 

Virginia Street . 
London El 9XS 

or telephoned (by telephone sub- 
scribers onty) la W-481 3021* 

Science report 

Mapping the molten 
centre of the Earth 

By Keith Hindley 

C ...mnlrnrisw have uncovered These formaiions must be &r 

^ SESofinieuinl dcailhi less rigid than continental jtoes 

c k. rSS-iouSf Poorly defined such as Afiica or Asia but ibor 
'iinn of Jhe EarSi’s meiallic size and shape appeare 10 be 
,e K "I. 1 hasOTmefronistuding controlled by. the ffow of maten- 
C ,°JvSw“S the velocity of alsalthe core-mantle bom&ay 
m^jor earth- There is no obvjmis relaoonsbip 
shock waves tro 1 between the two forms ofconu- 

iSXSSSF nrat b ’ J1 , - hc M -° "***& 

i'!SS‘}£ES a £"*E 


similar to ihe CAT-sraa 

if a patient’s body for medical 

d, gr n< l&nrlh C. Creagr and 
Professor Thomas H- Jordan, of 
.he Massachusetts 

10 ,h molten core and the 

“ n Sn l !T^ p K^“’ e °^ 

that the surface 

n«l on lie foiim 


by beat flow from deep whbin 
tfie earth. 

Dr Andrea- Morclli and Dr 
Adam M. Daewonsn, of Haij 
vard University, have reached 
similar conclusions, but they 
argue that their mulu air best 
represented by anomaiiK made 
the metallic, core hsdt They 
think the structures may be 
circulating currents set up 
within the liquid core as it cools 
and adds to a growing sohd 

These preliminary results 
were announced recently at a 
meeting of the American Geo- 
ohvsical Union but they provide 
a first tantalising glimpse of a 
region which powers much or 
the world's geological processes. 

Currents in the liquid core 
generate the Earth's magnetic 
field and provide' beat for the 
mantle • ■ 





The Stamp Adas an exclusive 
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JEWELLERY COM Sliver. Dhnondv ur 
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oam Avan framed £79 pw Please caJI 
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1 12v<pn silk and 2 12Soni wool High 
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114. o/r. TV ete Sf Faring pdn C60 pw 
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WEST IIA MF1TE AI 7 Prof m/I lo Ovare 
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exur 242 (Days) 



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76 Shall tsbury Avenue 
London W1V7DG. 

01-439 0102/01-439 7751 
Open Saturday 10.00-13.00 

rope. LSA A most damnations 
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IP AM. Portugal Cheapen (aim. Btgpfes 
Ol 735 8191 ATOL 

SWITZERLAND Srhedoled fltghls Ol 724 


WANTED Japanese sword*. Dappe rs fit 
Codertoi pays pood Prices Tet 0277 



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good condition Cl 760 OAt Tel 01 
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over J year'iAPR oar. Low Merest 
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great stung HoHdayv 7th Penan free. 
Jannaiv avauabiin Ring John Morgan 
new 4X7301 68631 >34 hr*i 
SKI TOTAL: Stow* enaiPta. am*, brief* 
■n Ton irPtu-h/Aosinaa Resort* fr £61 
•0933- 231113 \ 


3 CD (b) 


UntiersecWM 3 of the Competition 
Act 1980 the Director Genoa} of 
Fair Trading is lo investigate 
whether Marcus Publishing pic 
(Marcus Pubbshtng) snd The 
World's Pair Limited (The WorWs 
Fair) have been or are pursuing a 
course of conduct which amounts 
lo an anihcompcuiivc practice. 

The matters lo be mvcsbgsfod arc 

{■) thecoodna of Marcos Publish- 
ing utd The World's Fair in 
deciding whether to acCepI for 
pubbcaiion m ihetr ma g az ine* 
emoted respectively “Amuse- 
ment Business" and “Com 
SoT advertisements contain- 
ing mfornaiMm about ihe 
paces o£- 

(a) machines affording die 

user the prospect of Win- 
ning * prize, in cash or 
totals, by playing a game 
on lhai machine: 

(b) video game machines and 
printed circuit boards for 
such machines; 

ii) whether that conduci restricts, 
distorts or prevena competition 
m eonnemon with the produc- 
tion. supply or acq minion ol 
those goods. 

If you have any information which you 
consider would help the Director Gen- 
eral. please write ta> 

Office of Farr Trading 
Branch CP 1C 
Chancer) House 
53 Chanccrv Lane 
London WC2A ISP 

Your teller should amvc as soon 
possible if ii is to be taken into account 
in the enquiry 

VICTORIA 1986 NO 2471 


Tm PCBUC TRLSTtX rwno a 
n I hr AOmiMiraior of tor 
bXrUalr Uilr ol JACK Z)CCH 
Drrrawdi DrlrnaaM 

AppHrauon has been mar k> tor Sit 
pirmr Court of Virtorla tn tor 
CommorewroilB of AuvlraUa ronrrr iun g 
tor Nrxl el Km of JACK ZVCCR «aHo 
Known At -(aul- ZVCCR- -SPUE1 
FVCLR and SRLL "SYCCR1 Ufa of 8 
BtrwiH4on6ltrrl St HU tn thr Stair of 
Virtona who died on tor 13lh Day of No- 
vrrabrr 1979 al PartcviDr In tor vatd 


On tor anoOrriion of Motor Corah, ihr 
PKunuii in tor AaoUcaUon. tor Court Or 
Urrra flvd a MaHrr of tor Stwrrtnr Chart 
of virions rno ui rr who wrrn I hr Nrvl oi 
Km oi tor PfW Mf d Inina M tor uatr of 
bn dralh 

Thr Drrrovrd was born ai Br 
Lftowvk. Pound on tor Tm day of 
brMrmbrr 1918 Hr wa* tor oon of Zorha 
a™ Iris known an -amr ZRWI and 
Raul lym riw know n as -Rruri" 
zvrrr -ftaixri" ZVrrr and "Pa)ra" 2yrrri 
•born Haipmm 

Pmons rtaamkig lo br km of tor Dr- 
ranad raari nouly Ihrtr ctrims lo Thr 
Puriir Trusirr of 168 exhibition siren. 
Mrtboumr in tor Stair of Victoria before 
tor SHI day of Orrrmbrr 1986 or Ihry 
wiu Or rwtudrd from tor ornrfll of ray 
ororr tor Court noghl makr for tor dims 
Ji Of tor affair m tor Drcraard 

L NCLAIMCD tor OWNERS od wtudt 
ERY. wHI br sold by AUCTION ri NEW 
or THIS DATE Cstainpnc*. Price 30p 
will BE available on aarilcaiion io 
ANSTEY HORNE Si CO.. St Nrwhury 
Smt Si Barthotooirw*. London EC1 . 
BALE DATE 4 NOVEMBER 1986. with 

Charily known as Charily of 
GHR Ban-Tutor 

nw Chari br Conunrcaoocn havr madr 
a Sctwnor lot Ihh. rhaniy Obpmw ran br 
Ohtainrd Irom Ihrm M bi Atoan'm Hour. 
67 60 Harmarkrt London SWIY 4QX. 
»rf 133366161 


004258 OF 1986 
Mr Jinllcr Hoffman 
Mo nday 2 8th July 1986 

ACT 1966 

dre of tor High Court of J usucr iChanrert- 
Dlv worn dated 28toJidy 1986 confirming 
the rrduelion of 

ill tor rapttal of tor above namad Cornua- 
re*- irom CSXOOOOO lo £a.B94j60^S 

tSi tor Share Premium Account of tor 
abovr named Comnany Irom £66336510 
C266.38B and tor Mlnue opprovM to' tor 
Coun showing wun remd to tor canrial 
and Share Premium Accounl of Ihe Cnra- 
oanv a* ancred tor revrral nartiniiar* 

reouirrd by tor above mrnuonrd Act were 

regnlrred by tor Rigslrar of CoRinanm 

on 1M Aupusl 1985 

DATED lids Sixth day of Ortonrr. 1986 

006073 OF 1986 
Thr I7to day Oi SfWrmbrr 1986 

ACT 1986 

NOTICE IS HEREBY Cfl-TN tost thr Or- 
drr of tor Htrii Court of juwre iChanrery 
Dn won) dated I7lh September 1986 ctxi 
firming thr reduction oi ihe Share 
Prrrahren AcrouM oi tor above named 
rompam by tor sum of £587 170.633-14 
wav i e g retri e d by tor RrgWrar oi Compa- 
ny* on 24U September 1985 
Dated ton 7to day of October 1986 

10 Norwich Sum 
London EG*A 180 
Sellrttorv tor tor above namrd COraoany 

creditor* ol tor above-named company, 
wforh i* bring wound-up voluntarily, are 
reuutred oo of before tnr 30 day of No- 
vrmbn 1986 lo tend torlr namn. 
addrrsww and particular* of totlr ctouns m 
tor undrrranad Alan Da\M Kritntagham 
of Lai ham crosstey A Davis. Stanhone 
Hotnr 110 Drury Lane. London WC2B 
9ST tor Lfgotdator of tor company, or in 
on sun torrooi they win be excl ud ed from 
tor benefit of am- dbirttudon made before 
aurti drblo are proved 
Dated tori 30 dm of Sep te mber 1986 


Srruon Sri of Ihe Cbmpoiura Art. 1985. 
trial a MEETING ei toe creditors of 
AL LIMITED WOI be hria al toe offices of 
on Thursday toe 23rd dm- of October 
1966 al iwrfve o'clock noon, for toe pur- 
now pTOvried lor in Sections 669 and 

Dated toe 30th day of Sericmber 1966 

NO net E» HEREBY OVEN, pursuant 
toNrc Im n 388 01 thr Oomnanle* Act 1985. 
ihdi a MEETING oi tnr creditor* of me 
above named Company vmii be held al 

dav . tor 90t das af Oriolter 1986. « 1 1 50 
o'clock m tor forenoon, lor Ihe purposes 
men Honed tot m Sections 689 and 690 
Dai <d toe 290i day of September 1986 
By Order of toe Board 


NOT KM IS HEREBY CSV CN pursuant lo 

section 688 ol the Companm Act. I98S, 
moi o MEETING of the credllon of the 
above named Comnany will be hekl a Ute 
offrrm oi LEONARD CURTIS 6 CO . Hlu- 
Ttiuivoav tnr 23rd day oi October 1986 al 
12 00 o'rlork midday lor tor ouroOSH 
prmtard (of m Src U o ns 589 and 990 
Dated tor Id da> ol October 1986 


noth:) Hi HEREBY GIVEN ptmuanl Ip 
S re non 6R8 oi tor Comparer* Act. 1986, 
llulf Mil TING Of tor irncfllors oi tor 
irinr fkirard JonffiW wtll br held af Ihe 
fillirm rill ONARD CURTIb A CO rill* 
.Ihbmuv tor 2lh day of orlobri 1986 al 

30 a n'ilatk m tor nflrcnoonJor I hr pur 
PPM-, plnvldrd for in Sr rtte ns 689 and 

INdrd lie* l7ui 4av of t i r w i iwr i960 


nOIK' 1 IS HI RUBY GIVEN purvuanl 
to vnimn 688 ol tor Corapanir* Art. 
{9M8 lhai a MLCTtNG of tor rrrdilam oi 
tor .tarn roamed Comnauv will or hrM al 
tor Mlor- oi LC ONARD CU RTIS A CD . 
■alibi led al 30 1 ASTBOL'RNE TERRACE 
Itav l hr tom dak of Ortobn 1986 al 
1200 oiler* imiblnr tar tor pmrem 
noVKtnl mi to li wtW ri 689 nod 690 
tl ilrii uw MR dav ol -Srrirmbef 1986 


IRWlUrtltM -WXRiCBS ACT 19' 
Kriarriraptu'dlOfr lor a LKWUY ‘YCUpi 
I Rlk dulv aul homed ui HIM iweiail bv 
nranirred adoreMr 12 New ButUfralon 
Nitrri Iratoe WIN IFT pvr n«dirr inal 
Uw i onaanv intend* m soMv In thr Srrre 
larv of State lor Ematavtocsd lac a prenrr 
in rjm en an renoioymeMI Mhw> and 
mpIMisrsI Omlnrev for NammA Moth 
•eu Hripv Pidrwraii. Mauamal. 
I vreimvr Mndaui CWcd Commuri 
Stall. Iwenrmm Horn anti Cairnnu 
tenrvrni. Oomrviir and rtranere at 
metntwv vmii u r n of 144 Marvtehora 
ItaMI Lniukw NWl 5PH Thr agrnri 
and/oi bmumv will br- known as itraomu 
naiHri TASMAN k.\Msltb am] BtiGH 
make ■rorrvniUlipns annul tor man] of j 
lucre r viiouhj do to In wriling lo rrarh Ihr 
DrtMiUnrul erf Empiovinna al Oruart 
meirt ol Eraptommi Emirfov ira-nl 
Vpwtrw Hrenuitg Sertuui. 2 16 Chuxh 
Road. Slanmoar kualnn mat a.vw 
wriran fourteen day* oi Iftu notirr Date 
Ofh On n*>rr lWn 




Rcquiiid fur soul) dwnon 
dmnsg room in City Bank. 
Hours 10-00 - Via 

Tel 283 9! 1 1 

COUPLE iruuucd Wife HcuYkrrprt/ 
Cook Dtnnre harm Huvnatid 
rstauf Irio/Ganirnn /Handyman bHf 
• onlmneti lumohrrt/uniurTuvhrd llal 
avarlabtr Cdtnburoh Min) Or car-par f-c 
to Uatr - 1 ehanad Pat nrqtrflrate* arroirf 
tog la rvprrun*r Rrirrenr rv rtsmltal 
-IMA IO J 8 Nursing A Staff 
LmolVMM-M Uriel 47 Cemuai Road 
trUnburp ID Tel No G3I 447 

NAMMV lor ua«* pewrlioir hevrtl J-6IM 
but with Inter naironal liavrl thtouamoul 
tor year Bov : J mthv gut 4 \ ri Nurs 
rt! riuhrvmli hrmn f jigtivn Nannv 
2 lie DM pw ix-l tntiresl Mail 
pteaw can Mm PMUn 370 1961 
• ktONROV.I 

Faraih irmirn Enpllvn nannv 
lor i> t ear od rerl Lite in Suouro ru 

kmrm nun 1 rear Salarv Negniiahir 
Rrirrrnm and CV'v irgusird Pw-.iet 
r or ■ tar | Mr S Ctmvlaphn Cl 353 Bo4l 

Mr Aims. Sir rent a rrsoouvrbU- maiui 

Urere-MM- hrep irv rel ra lr lo Inr in II • 
pteaw! Mis lrpprr cm S' I 
OlTb -oiiirrr ft W 3156 lailct -peri 

reguired (or or n aim 
nwnr-4 fariilt ctialri m kimitel i :.vnrr 
Vied Ion bul rrteamtMr main UK] CM 
don Mr-u or reuitairtM lo sainit tor 
hungn rone None too drenandrnu vj 
vrnv Hnev Wl rmli tor- vrrv Devi nrro 
arotv Muvl nmr Hrirf) io BOV rai> 

AU PA84 wairlrd In ralr lor 2 llllte tori' I 
and 2 vrarv oid m Smrfu a lor our 
t r.u Mart nrl oi Nov Send Otugo 
i: \ irirtr-irrrv .uMl phnre- un la 
Ms Ohm BOV JS5 

OtACBSATIVE cno* teaiared tor lamilt 
bawd m Swrrv Tn tiarei w-iih lanulv 
tvhmabiaad Small (ollagr as c-w n 
mm modal ion Mini nr onauactm] and 
nold a cunrra dming berner Droll io 
BOV r4? 

r NMNKI Lioo wrrsiv Nmat cruuirrd 
ini 3 vr-ar old child, own w par ate llal 
•1ST rl rar rv s/pnol r rt stall Consul 
■anls AUntim T rt O .’52 315369 

GEMTLEMAN inuiiis tvunrSwiHf gnod 
salarv luvuiv ariomodalaih. liavrl Im 
mediate siarl Lonocui ncavr vend Cv 
Repiv I O BOV TPS 

OVERSEAS ju pair agenct 87 Rrgrnl 
Sic eri. London tv I Trl 439 6554 
IK/Oinwdt Abo m.hrtps/docn* 

CHALET CWLS sougM bv Chain 
Momnr 6 Rairnwrod Park 
Northwooa. Middv HA6 3PR 


TOUM8 MAM smote nod 30i- oood rdura 
Iran, a d a p table art nutate, rvprnrnrrd 
bookrroer and puahr rrtaUons dUiDu 
srorrrd prevent rarer r seeks inlrrrvlum 
situMion m iresh rnv tronmenl AMmri 
and roiuiry lover A mite capital. An*- 
ihtng legal ronMdered 32 White Road. 
OkionL 0X4 2JJ I tel Oxford T79907* 

CIErin Analytical Bright hard work 
mo rnemrvl working in targe 
e s r om m lnwro as mriatlurgm w ishes K» 
friorrir In London/5E- Vmrile; atalr 
lo work in many lietas and happy lo 
retrain H nrrrroarv Trl Ol 262 8SO 

allraruvr P-U/olfrrr manaorr seeks 
sUmutalmq and rr-wardlnu pomIkwi with 
total mvolvrfnrni Free to travel BOX 

EXP ERIEN CED Rrgrtl e red Norse aval) 
ante Jan Mar 87 lor expedition abroad 
olfter vuggevUons wrKomcd Trl Ol 
664 311b 


M ARBL E ARCH Quirt sunny, wen (ur 
ntshed lux (lal 2/3 bedroom*, creep- 
dm area, irrrarr emry phone 3 25 0 pw 
CO lei 262 3632 

OwriOrtaMr rurnlshed (la) dbte- 
im. reerp crisp river/ tube/ but 
Avail able tanged Co lei £130 pw Tel 
0708 28736 

WX Harm Si Man 3 mu beds. 2 baths 
reero. F/furn Entry ph £260pw Co 
in Sharing Day 631 1369 Eve 986 

VnMRLXDOM. 2 bed loomed furririted llal 
with uaraor lo lei Co IN preirmvl Rrla 
required £130 pw Ring 947 8016 

KENSINGTON Brand new lux man . 1 dbl 
bed. large tec ku/ diner £185 pw hkI 
938 2395 

MONTAOUC SOUAREi Exrrttam exrru 
bvr. l bedroom rial Designer iaoOpw 
Long Company lei Tel 936 7622 

_ Lux Flat 2 beds. 3 mm 

BR. C400 prm Can Mary Ol 379 7770 
fW| or 01 892 5961 iH) 

SWIO Garden flat 1 bed. kit. bath. I 
reerp. os Ch cijo pw <o let A ref 
nam 01 352 4017 

KEMSMSTONat Its most eteoanl Superb 
l\ turn abed lour bed three bato. lwt» 
rcreptio n room mansion flat in icn »e- 
cure btorv -kvailable now tor tang tei lo 
a company tenanial £650 per week To 
view uus ana other smtUat propertte*. 
rontarl George KrughL The LriUng 
Aoenl 589 7153 

MELSEA- Smito SL SW3 Newly dec 2 
bed 1*1 floor flat Ch. etee. gn £ clean- 
ing tor Cr tel only L3CO pw For 6 
month*, snort lei by neg. Available 
now Tel Trarv or Howena Ol 629 
2791 Mon Fn no agents rTt. 

CHZYNE WALK SWIO Super nouw over 
looidra River In wundnlul decorative 
order with large rtrro. dining nn. good 
kiL 2 dblr rras 2 baibrm* Conferva 
lory, garden Avial now Loop Co Lef 
CSOO p to Mavkelh 01 S8t 2216 

super nai nornl In IdyOte 

roan try selling, a/leokmg Heath A golf 
course 30 fl L shaped studio, balcony 
kn, Whrm/we CH phone Avail now 
IOC I »T C95 pw Owner Ol 586 4659 
or BB S 2321 

WESTMINSTER- bnmarutaletv torn flat 
with stunning v lews, ol Homes « Purlia 

ram 2 dbtr bed* dble recep. (ltd Ml. 

balh. lull services Co tenants irg Min l 
it C350 pw inr Darnel Smnn S8? 
5550 in mn 

Hampueod Heath NWS Furnished llal 
reccmlr rclurb A Dec DWe Bed. Sole 
Bril. Rerep. MB Pref Co lei ElSOpw 
Tel 01-629 6102 IT) 

CLAFMAM COMMON. Spacious 4 ord. 2 
bath house in prrny siren off Common 
Smartly Perorated with aO mod ran* 
Suit 5 sharers at £05 pw each <£225 
pwi Buciunam 551 7767 
mod mew* Inr 4 beds. 2 bato*. Me 
KHUiw* wrti eainppM kit. patio, goo Co 
trl preferred C2C0 pw Trl. Ol 639 
1742 aim 6pm / 0246413310 i day) 

FULHAM S/c (lal now vacant 3 ttarir 
bedrooms Mifhen/dmer SUttno room 
BaUitoom Washing machine £120 
pw Co Let onlt TcfNUry 756 7155 
CM 35 

QEOftGlAN House in E9 3 nfle* (rorr 
riu FuUv lurnrlted 5 dble bedrooms. 2 
rerepbon'v dining room, (ulb rgulpped 
kurtn-rv baihfpom and cloakroom 
El 75 PM 01 986 9370 
BATTERSEA. Lmdi 2 bedroom flat over 
looking Common 1 rerep. k A b. Sufi 
rouble C140 pet week Hunters H37 

BOM A BUTCHOPF for luxury propertlm 
m St John* Wood Rr 
mis Park Mama vale Swh Con 6 
Hampstead 01 S66 7361 
CMSWKK. UoM IM spaWNB 4 bed 2 
retro fa into hew closr transport A 
shop * All im eon* Avail now tang tel 
£225 pm Buchanans 351 7767 
DOLUS HEL 3 bed send lux urv lur 
nMtted. separate hath shower 6 WC 
Modern kilrhen 110 It wailed gaiden 
Garage GCH C22& pw Trl 462 6011 
FULHAM Pleasant I bedroomrd ftaL 1 
minute (rent Paruns Creen Guaoo To 
let approximate-]! 6 months at £85 p w 
Pteaw irtrononc Ol 262 0069 
TUKMSHES flats 6 houses in Kensington 
& vtmoundmg areas tram CtSOsw 
E6JOOOPW Bonham 6 Reeve* 9» 

LCXXAN eons W8. Compfetefy reiurb 
llal nr Hign si Ken 2 beds. 2 nalia. 
rerep/din. tMtcom porter Long Co tel 
£272 pw 244 7SS3 
NWL Soar lous unfum flat os tube Igr 
rrrep 2 dblr bed* fit kit. Min. GCH 
gun Co tel C2lO pw exr Dillons Ol 
482 2277 

PHHUGO SWI. Nrwb com raanonenr in 
giirl lor 2 bedrats refwo. dm rm. large 
if ill. bain shown tm pano 1 yr» Co 
tel C250 pw £44 7353 
mivnunv iw fumy- woman tatew 
tom. into h> Wooth Manor Bndpon 
Urn set 



£115 pw 


Mod 1 iwd llal 
? iml Kai 
CHP.W (Ch W4 

i Iril Cdwaidkao tnr 

1 1 iv small Crnigun IN 
DlNVCti Stal.t 
J, hrd l e ter ran Iw 

HYDE PK *il» t 
luv ant mrl \nr 

for 1ur(Wi drtwh 


£395 ew 

01-440 4555 


We ate are w<iwl In onnouivr ihr 
tipraiuu of Heittwih. where »r can 
.rffer a velretion erf luv urv siudio I A 
2 Bed apartments wrsKfst 6 dais pw 
24 hour porkTaiir 

We unite sou lo ram 

aksng 1 v en 


PI J9S 0887 


Dm ink iriivMiim. matin tad mu f n 
to suite IuIIi/miu.'ii SlhdUri 
dnturfp and -.iiejir henivNimv 2 nd 

■uiMoum. srpuialr iMhti Dining 

I mini fllllt l-tliff ruiintn klliltrn 
palw. kikom fl- Mi rails 


Tel 0! 67! 0476 or 245 6577. 

ENFIELD Owner tanking foe pant Drum 
In In luv in \ lurnetoeit lap llnnr llal 2 
dbl beds sruriouv In mo loum diner 
hills •snnnnsl km hen nlrd lulh / 
shnwei CM oaraue inietomm gaiden 
rinse In .ill arm mlirs vtnragu'e ^.<imns 
VITO (n. e. ri IH Ol Yl? 4000 

WtMRLEIMN VWI MIT Nr«fi drentalril 
and nnsiv luriuMM-d lulu- rouipmt 3 
Itrfinmnl aMHrmrU with J balhs 
Irmiy Sill (sen 2 oaranev evieHenl 
ikw Inr lonti Irer iraial Cram w ns 
Iris inririred C2sO pw Pteaw Irie 
pho nr oi V4h DIM No Apnttv 

WM8LCDON. Lfftp <ernm><f< 2 M luv 
11.11 SUiM-ihls liiltushed Got LcoC pi m 
(■II 1st lal Ol tak* 2226 irsrvi 

6WZ8. Ciruind il-snr 2 brst llal LIUpi. 
Hume Irran M-'-me 946 9447 

SOI/TH KM. Mansion llal nr T ube wilh 
hwh cnime. ,usl lull leitglii wipdnwv 2 
dote brils nsrp kil n/dni-r btdtwm 
■all gOi sadrnrialrt phone On I nog 
Lal 6 nilhs * t 2'0 pw Goddam 6 
strain ill iv- 7 '..-I 

HENRY A JAMn Catalan ns now am Ol 

23S MHM tar the Iml trlerlHaia .u 
lurtusha-d llaiv anal heum l» ia-nl ui 
knaaitilstuiiliia- Chrlwa and hnnihaloia 
■ T> 

HMCHTSBHtDOC 1st llnca ILri tn uunllli 
ruuair 2 brus. 2 balM/lariu.'i. rerrp 
and sluds /dining k it all maa lunav nil 
poa tel and kn v l<< gdnv L573 p w Goal 
Hard A Smith 01 «VO 7321 

PUTNEY SMftS. Super n d bed 3 tulh DO 
volute!! new lam use Loe "L" 
rer /dining rm Mmt Ml All anplianrev 
Cm iun>/lllngv Gd res Nnrk Co let 
As ail now Sluiapv 7HH 4551 

111 flat 2 dU beds, kxiq IM available 
mid Or Inert [250 pw Tel rollin' 
natural Ol StU 72*3 taflrt hours i 370 
3791 or 561 2665 

llal Ut ananviai blue* Reerp. Lge Master 
Bed 2nd Bed. Kll hv Diner Balh 
C160pw Cnoles 828 8261 

RAYSWATER W2 Newly Dm 2 bedroom 
llal LouiMje tsola boJI. kll A balh. lilted 
raroeis CH. col TV phone. In ouiet eul 
Tel OI 727 9744 

dr sac £175 pw 

DROOK CREEN W6 Charming 1st nr 
ftal .rrc. dinrm 1 dtrfe /1 sglp bdrm. eh 
CUXc lube He* pk4 CI30pw Tel Ol 
748 5084 

BURGESS 581 5136 for Good ouajlly 
properlu-i available now in Chelsra. 
KmghKbridgo A KritUngloo from £150 

Rtrepnoti Room Kil/Break Room 
Ballwm -\v allabte now 6 mlhs. EI90pw 
neg- Barnard Marcia 834 7316 

F.W.OWf iManagemenl Services) Ud re 
outre ptopenies Ceniral. South and 
West London Areas lor waning appli 
rams oi 22i 8838 

□eUgnilii] 1 bed RM Nr 
Hnaih and Tube ui mod bioek Co Lei 
C170 pw Goddam & smith Ol 950 

HOLLAND PARK! Lovely 1 dbl bed ftal 

Bmi rerPMHXt. kiiehen equipped w|Ui lal 
evi tertineioav Convrntenl puking 
Long Co tel Cl CO pw Tri 935 7622 

KENSINGTON Wtt Nr lube newly dria 
rated lunnstved llal dM bed. toungr k * 
h CH mi paner Co lei only £800 prm 
Tel Ol 28i 9060 evl222 

Arch Wl lmmarutate I bed 
room llal in Georgian bunding Lp lo 6 
mounts tel incgi bun PTots Reis re 
guired C150 pw Trl Ol 724 9122 

ARCH Outel sunny well fur 
ntvlted luv (lal 2/3 bedrooms, recep, 
dinariu leriace mm phone 3250 pw 
ro let 2(2 3632 

read lor d internals, rsecuihn Long L 
short Ml m all areas Uffn«id 6 CO 
48. Albemarle St Wl 01 499 5554 

SOUTH KEN tag Lux MM llal. 1 tordMr 
bed. 1 small dole bed New lined kit 6 
Mhrm Lge ret sun pnrf snarers. £195 
pw Tel 626 2620 rxl 244 or 602 9253 
837 9861 The number lo remem b er 
when seeklno best rental propertlr* to 
central and prune London areas 

UNFURNtSHCD 3 bed houses 
wmibledon/Sui-hiion Company Iris 
£150 £250 pw Home horn Home 906 

Componv have a large rientoB ol Itaa 
6 houses available for 1 weeks from 
C200PW 499 1065 

WW 8 LEDON. Large aelectKNi 4 bed 2 
Path town houses, furntshed and unfur 
ntshed C 200 caoo re Home irom 

Home 946 944 T 

ffMRLEDON VILLAGE. 2 bed ftal 
Lounge dining room Newly dec Long 
lei £175 pw Home from Home 946 

ACADEMICS VKHTING. flat* nr Lnlvervi 
lv 6 Bid Museum Tri Helen Wauon A 
Co 580 6275 

AN Oft MA CU LA T E Hampstead ClBSpw 
Ftal Spat hmiv Rrtrplion Diner 3 Beds 
rid Kilcls-n GCH Col TV =86 8040 
I BED lunilshed flats £150 CSOO pw 
wimriedrai area Home irom Home 
94p 9447 

CHELSEA lirnnor lira bakons nai. bghl 
recep. dM beurm ltd porter Long lei 

01 622 5825 

CLAPHAM SOUTH. Claus 2 best flat foe 4 
prof praote Smlnsiuor Rriurrubiedr 
posit 1 vt rmu CUO pw 769 5403 
FULHAM: LovHs ord to flat I rerep 1 
bed. CH. adn CIOO pw Co let Ol 736 

FULHAM mats SMI 3/4 2 591 beds. 1 dbl 
Balh. kil CH Newt* carpeted £196 
pw Trl 01 892 3140 -AIIM 6 »IH I 
MCHGATE N 6 2 lusi 2 bed (tab. garages 
available CIOO and £160 pw OI 340 

HOLLAND PK Lrunual 3 bed torn man 
with view Comm gdns £250 PW Neg 
747 361 1 

KENSWOTON Sunns garden FUl in 
Vogue m.-wauine Lounoe 2 non £230 
pw Trl 01 493 1950 
MAYF/UR Lux 2 d/bed 4Ui Hr ten apt 
All machines Co lei £250 pw Tel Ol 
724 0273 

NX. Luxurious Georgian house 3 peas. 2 
rrrepv mortrm fiittv eauippea kll pano 
C250 per week HunlriS 857 7366 
SJ4CK. CleqaiH 3 bed nai superb r«cp 
■am io oe lurm. CH f ol TV washer 
maid 373 0753 

SE3. Blarknealh Chamwng \letonan 5 
bed turn her 3 tri-e os rh gpe gdn 
1200 |IW TPM 446 2025 
SW7 Deoani 3 Bed Mats Lnorm Rerep. 2 
Dhl Beds I vgi Bah Anboun 
C3oOpw Benrsam & Reeves 958 5522 
Wl 3 bed lux I urn Sleeps 6 CH 6 
m!h* renewable Cn lei £300 pw Tel 01 
225 9700 

Wll. Tro llo«r s bedroom lurmhed flat 
RrretHioii sun ten Ch £150 pw 

TPM *06 ACT'S 

Wl Nr Kcunogm Block wtlh I IU. taungr 

2 dble hednns all machines 
£? 2 n>w ni 209 Ol 73 

W12 snephrtdv Bush Lounge / i Hied 
Ulrhc-n. dniihle bedroom balh CH Nr 
iiilie L40CWT1I Ol 740 SH80 
WEST HAMPSTEAD. Mansion llal Sdiui 
ole beds 25 fl rrreplton £250 pw Tri 
431 1889 

WEST KEM. Prellv 1 bed flat on Iwg 
lloon S nuns lunr Idral rouote £100 
pw Im tana tel Buf nations 331 7767 
9M8LEDON AREA. Gd sriecHop 
nves/itatv No fro id tenants wuiuim* 
Son 9J7 3150 

WIMBLEDON. Brand nm detached lam 
to home lntanoi designed 4/5 Bed 
£500 pi* Home Irom Home gag 9447 

Contin ued oo page 33 

— r_ ssijr. ^saran TOmnungy i 





Frank Johnson with tteTdiics 





From Mohan All 


V- ' 

v yV*$ 

' :.-h si-. 

, V ■*■ 

•"jV 4 

, v • 

President Reagan, on the 
eve of his departure for the 
Reykjavik talks with Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov, the 
Soviet leader, yesterday urged 
national unity and bipartisan 
support for his mission. 

. He told a Republican cam- 
paign rally in Raleigh, North , 
Carolina, that it was at times 
like these, when diplomacy 
was being conducted at the 
highest level he was particu- 
larly grateful for the way “we 
as a free people puli together”. 

Administration officials 
have said it was possible that a 
full summit could be held in 
Washington this year.' 

Asked in a tel vision inter- 
view yesterday whether the 
US wanted to see something 
tangible on human rights be- 
fore it could ever sign an arms 
accord. Mr George Shultz, the 
Secretary of State, said: “No, 
we didn't say that. If we can 
find something that is in our 
interests in these major arms 
reduction proposals, we 
should go ahead with that” 

• MOSCOW: The Soviet 
Union appears to have re- 
duced its expectations for the. 
talks (A Correspondent 

In complete contrast to 
earlier optimistic articles, the 
Communist Pariydaily news- 
paper. Pravda, in a com- 
mentary by its editor-in-chief, 
Viktor Afanasyev, noted yes- 
terday that despite various 
Soviet-US meetings in recent 
months there had been no 
progress on arms controL 

Pleasing view, page 16 

?•£- - i'- '* 

’ - 


- -k, 


Continued from page 1 

This vote reinforces the view 
that there is little hardship. 
However, the company will be 
- setting up a procedure to con- 
sider any cases, on an indivi- 
dual basis. _ ... 

“Our offer, which was 
amended ai the request of the 
union leaders to accommo- 
date -their refusal to accept a 
complete newspaper. building 
and planvwill not be repeat- 

“This strike began fn spite 
of our pleasand warnings. It 
has not damaged our publica- 
tions or business in; any way, 
we feel no legal obligation to 
have any farther dealings, 

“We nave about 2300 skill- 
ed and enthusistic people at 
Wapping workong in co-oper- 
ation in all stages of the pro- 
duction of four .of the most 
successful newspapers in the 
world. They enjoy first class 
pay and conditions. 

'The Times circulation is at 
a record level as is its adver- 
tising. The Sunday Times wDl 
be 104 pages this week.. The 
Sun is ahead of its- rivals by 
900,000 copies every day. The 
News of die World by 

Mr Peter Vickers tries a tank with Lance-Corporals Andrew Proctor (left) and DaridPoweIL(Photograph: Peter Trievuor) 

Younger hits out at 
Labour over defence 

Continued from page 1 

US scientist 

Moscow (Reuter) — A US 
scientist has arrived in Mos- 
cow after defecting from the 
United States and has been 
granted political asylum, Tass 
said yesterday. 

“I am happy that this 

nightmare is once and for all 
behind me.” it quoted Mr 

behind me.” it quoted Mr 
Arnold Lokshin as 
said he had worked until last 
month as a cancer research 
director in Houston. 

sure that Britain remained a 
free country and a reliable 

He was cheered when be 
renewed the Government's 
commitment to the Trident 
missile programme and when 
he delivered the following 
message for consumption in 
the United States: “We the 
Conservative party are the 
government of Britain not 
those who have had the 
headlines so far this autumn, 
and we in this Government 
are not and never will be soft 
on defence. 

“ We are and will remain 
sound and reliable allies. We 
will not abandon our friends.” 

Mr Nicholas Ridley, Sec- 
retary of State for the Environ- 

ment, announced plans tor 
four more Urban Develop- 
ment Corporations to take 
powers over planning, land 
assembly and development to-' 
create thousands of new jobs 
in Greater Manchester, on 
Teeside, in the Black Country 
and in Tyne and Wear. 

Mr Fowler went out of his 
way to soothe the fears of 
Conservative supporters and 
the public over the 
Government's handling of the 
National Health Service as be 
outlined his detailed package 
of measures for improving 
treatment, and facilities. What 
he did not leD conference is 
that they will have to be 
financed out of existing funds. 

The continuing concern 
about the NHS was reflected 
in a number of speeches 

The Rev Peter Vickers, fraa 
Worcester is one of 24 clergy- 
men who have been experienc- 
ing the rigorous training of 
array life with we . of the 
country’s top in&nhy .miits 
this week (AngeJIa Johnson 

Codenamed operation “Vic- 
ar Elastic", the coarse is being 
held with tiie First Battalion, 
The Para date Regiment, at 
Bulford, Wiltshire. 

The vicars, aged from 25 to 
40, have been token through 
new recruits' t raining , includ- 
ing learning to drive a tank, a 
night survival exercise on Sal- 
isbury P lain, a flight in an air- 
craft and (adding an assault 

They have also been shown 
how army padres would oper- 
ate in time of war, during a 
mod: exercise 

The course was designed to 
give civilian daymen die 
opportunity to experience 
some of the stresses of a 
military environments 

• Mr Kenneth Clarke, the 
Paymaster General and the 
senior employment Minister 
in the Commons, last night 
described the Sogat vote as a 
“great blow” (Richard Evans 

He said: “It is difficult to see 
where the dispute goes now. I 
continue to be concerned 
about the way in which the 
highly desirabteljallotexerdse 
is earned' out by tire print 

Mr Clarke made an appeal 
to the striking print workers 
not to indulge in violence on 
the picket line. “If people 
really feel the dispute has to 
continue I certainly hope it is 
continued without violence 
and intimidation. 

“I. heard a few days ago of 

appalling attacks on people 
connected with TNT, who 
deliver News International 

Mr Vickers dons Army kit, 
but keeps his dog collar. . 

Hie Prime Minister, was 
informed of the vote shortly 
after it was announced. 

Mr Peter Walker, the Sa> 
retary for Energy and tire 

Cabinets longest-surviving 

wet, yesterday in effect at- 
tacked Government eco- 
nomic policy at a Hmchame 
fringe meeting organized by a 
hitherto unknown otgani* 
ation calling itself CARt — 
Conservative Action to Re- 
vive Employment. 

The organization sounded 
similar to one of those hith- 
erto unheard of g roups which 
frequently claim responsibil- 
ity for specific atrocities in 
the Middle East Sometimes 
they have btood*curtfling ti- 
tles of which CARE is typical 
At: other times ttar are 
named after individual fight- 
ers in the cause. ■„ . 

Western intelligence sour- 
ces in Bournemouth last 
night suggested that CARE 
might be an offihoot, or nval, 
of the fanatical Tory Reform 

Group, whirt was Ure succes- 
sor to the extreme wet PEST 
of the 1970s (Pressure for 
Economic and Social 

The Tory Reform Group 
and PEST ware formed by the 
so-called “frontline” wets af- 
ter the origuial wm liberation 
organization, the Bow Group, 
made a separate treaty with 
the Tory nght in the 1970s 
and became. a piHar of the 
precarious stalemate in the 
area. But all these groups 
must be seen in the context of 
the turbulent politics of the 
Home Counties as a whole. 

All are components of tire 
Hezbollah, or Party of God 
(the Conservatives). But the 
groups tend to hate one 
a m-ithw almost as match as 
they hate ‘ the Thaicherite 
occupying power, and its 
American backers. 

Experts were agreed that, at 
this stage, it would be impos- 
sible to say who Mr Walker 
was working for when he car- 
ried out yesterday's attack. It 
was even possible that be was 
working for powerful forces 
insidethe Government. 

At the CARE meeting, Mr 
Walker told the delerious - 
mob of students that it was an 
“economic absurdity” for the 
Government to have to 
spend so much on unemploy- 
ment benefit. This is a well- 
known wet code for using the 
money to create more infla- 
tion. Yesterday’s attack was 

themselves such names as die 
“Iain MacLeod Comman- 
do.” or the “Action Group 
Benjamin DfsrcalL” - " 
Otherwise, yesterday's 

proceedings at the conference 

went as well for the Govern- 
ment asthey had on Monday. 
Mr Walker, before he made 

his move at that fringe meet- 
ing, made a skilful' sueech 

ing, made a skilful' speech 
summing up a debate oh 
energy. He defended nuclear 
power while showing some 
understanding of the , case 
against it The Thatcherites 
did not mind which case be 
was for, so Joint as it seemed 
to- be the Government’s, 
which on the. whole it was. 
That only emphasized . the 
devilish cunning pfhwtaBCh- 

Some, however, have so % 
spent the week woiMfering 
about the identity of someone 
referred by the conference 
chairman, Mr Lawrence, 
when on Monday he ffifftlu* 
all to co-operate wiflr fee 
courteous, but thorough.p&. 
lice in their huge security 
duties. Someone, he said, had 
“pulled rank' in an effort to 
avoid a security check. The 
wets suspected it wastbe 
Prime Minister. Others as- 
sumed it was Mr Hesdtine: 

“Look here, officer, 1 used 
to be Secretary of $tafe:for 
Defence. This intimate body 
search is intolerable.”- - 

Policeman: ”Oh, yeph. 
And I'm the Horne Secretary. 
You’re under arrest.” • . ■ 

It was one of several minor 
security modems so for this 
week. A man is expectedftt> 
appear at a fringe racetjpg 

Today’s events 

Princess Margaret, as Presi- 
dent, the Invalid Children's Aid 
Association, visits Dawn House 
School Rainworth, Notting- 
ham, and lays the foundation 
stone of the secondary school 
extension, 2.45; and later at- 
tends a performance by the 
Central Ballet of China, Sadler’s 
Wells Theatre. 730. 

The Duke of Gloucester, pa- 
tron. Bulldog Manpower Ser- 
vices, opens the Ikterton Motor 
Project, 80 Edward Street, 
London. 5.45. 

The Duke of Kent visits the 
BBC at Caversham, Reading, 
i 1.15; and later, as Vice Chair- 
man, the British Overseas Trade 
Board, opens a factory for MCP 
Electronic Materials, Wembley, 

Royal engagements 
The Queen attends a recep- 
tion at St James's Palace given 
by the !6th/5th The Queen’s 

Royal Lancers. 3 JO. 

The Princess of Wales visits 
the Hospice Unit at the Hospital 
of St John and St Elizabeth, 60 
Grove End Road, London. 
NW8. 10.15. 

Princess Anne opens the new 
hall at Abbot's Hill School 
Hemel Hempstead. Herts, 
10.30: and then, as President, 
the British Knitting and Cloth- 
ing Export Council vists 
Reldan, High Wycombe, 12 
noon: later, as President, the 
Riding for the Disabled Associ- 
ation. visits the South Buck- 
inghamshire Group at Mill 
House Farm, Fulmer. 2 JO. 

drawings: The S.G Turner Be- 
quest; Guernsey Museum and 
Art Gallery, Candle Gardens, St 
Peter Port, Guernsey; Mon to 
Sim 1030 to 5.30 (ends Nov 2). 
Exhibitions in progress 

Hans Christian Andersen: 
papercuttings and illustrations; 
MacRobcrt Arts Centre, Uni- 
versity of Stirling; Mon to Sat 
II to 5, Sun 2 to 5 (ends Oct 29). 

Coal port Made us Mark; Al- 
fred Darby Gallery, Con!p@rt 
China Museum, Telford; Mon 
to Sun 10 to 6 (ends Jan 4). 

Concert by the Halle Or- 
chestra; Free Trade HalL Man- 
chester. 7J0. 

Canterbury Festival: Piano 

New books — paperback 

The Urerary Editor's setetfion of interesting books published this week: • 



Holding On, byMervyn Jones (Band, £4.95) . 

Men Have AH The Fun, byGwynnetti Branfoot (Methuen, £335) 

Alexandria A History and a Guide, by EM- Forster, introduction by 
Lawrence Durrel (Mcnael Haag, £735) 

Freedom and MoraSty. by AJ. Ayer (Oxford. £7:95) 

Freedom and Moritity, by AJ. Ayer (Oxford. £735) 
MOtoRfloet of Edo, by Louis L Marti (Yale. £1095) 
The Devfl Drives, A life of Sir Richard Burton, by Fan 

The Devfl Drives, A LHe Of Sir ftichard Burton, by 
£6.95) . 

W ittgenstein, by W.W. Bartley Ifl (Cresset. £546) 

Moist SW to W airflow, 
with a frontal trough mov- 
ing southeastwards 
across northwestern 

by Fawn M. BrotSe (Eland, 

6 am to midnight 


Best wines 

New exhibition 

English watercolours and 

redial by Jean Philippe CoDard; 
Shirley Hall Canterbury, 8. 

Redial by Margaret Borth- 
wtek (flute), Colin KeOett 
(oboe). Ronald Woodley (clari- 
net). Graham Evans (clarinet 
and basset horn) and Alan 
Fearon (piano); King's Hall, 
Newcastle University, 1. 10. 

Redial by Clare McFariane 
(violin) and Amanda Hurton 
(piano); The Royal Exchange, 
Manchester, I. 

Concert by the London 
Harpsichord Ensemble; St 
George's, Brandon Hill, Bristol. 

Concert by the Bristol Bach 
Choir. Bournemouth Symph- 
ony Chorus and Bournemouth 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,172 

Symphony Orchestra; Colston 
Hall BristoL 730. 

Recital by Gary Karr (double 
bass) and Hannon Lewis (pi- 
ano): Leicestershire Museum 
and .An Gallery, New Walk, 
Leicester, 12.45. 

Rental by the Sheba Sound 
ensemble; South Brom s gro v e 
High SchooL 730. 

Concert by the City of 
London SinJonia and Barry 
TuckweJl (horn): Sfaeldonian 
Theatre. Oxford, 8. ! 

Concert by the David Mun- 
row Anniversary Ensemble: The 
Music HalL Shrewsb u r y , 7.45. 

Enzymes: Are they our teach- 
ers or laboratory aiders?, by 
Prof. Janos Retey, Curie Audi- 
torium. School of Physics. New- 
castle University, 5.30. 

Land and People: 19th cen- 
tury social history in the Cois- 
wolds. by Dr Celia Milter and 
David Vinen Cotswold Coun- 
tryside Collection, Northleach. 



1 New northern theatre put in 
jeopardy (8). 

5 Turn around outside your 
entrance (6). 

8 Old mention in dispatches 
produces stirring emotion 

9 He's contemptible com- 
pared with a Democrat (4). 

10 Wise man with one son has 
estates in the Pacific (7.7). 

I] Ghost of police officer in 

this, say? (7). 

13 Pardon for giH accepting 
shelter (7). 

IS Unusually quaint Oriental 
relic (71 

18 In maigin insen note for 
temporary (7). 

21 Old person's quarters given 
free land at Arnhem ( I T.3L 

22 Hat to some extent like 
Pierrot's (4). 

23 What happens to 
everybody's friend in the 
end (10). 

24 Like the four central charac- 
ters in 25 — truly (6). 

25 Submitted' to being pul on 
ice (SI 

4 Understanding several 
points about wine (7). 

5 A runner like John Halifax 

6 Followers may be inert and 
extremely unreliable (7). 

7 Leader of troops managed to 
rest in this camp (7). 

12 Crisis for supporter of out- 
spoken old antimonarch i5l 

14 Or« proceeding with diffi- 
culty when preparing eggs 

16 Grannie eager to get ma- 
terial (7). 

17 Paddy's claim to be ami- 
English? Fancy (7). 

18 Very much in verbal form 

19 Defame university chan- 
cellors originally m com- 
merce (7). 

20' Wealthy Scotsman made an 
observation (7). 

The MidlaiKls: Ml: Contra- 
flow between junctions 22 (A50 
Leicester) and 23 (A52I Lough- 
borough). MS: Major roadworks 
SW of Birmingham between 
junctions 4 and 5 (Bromsgrove , 
and Droitwichh two lanes each i 
way. Ml: Contraflow between ; 
junctins 27 and 28 (A608 and > 
A38 intersections). 

Wales and West: M4: Contra- 
flow between junction 34 
(Rhondda) and A473 exit at 
junction 35. M4: Contraflow 
between junctions 16 and 17 
(Swindon and Chippenham). 
MS; Two lanes dosed in both 
directions between junctions 1 1 
and 12 (Cheltenham and the 

The North: M& Lane closures 
at junction 37 (A684). Cumbria. 
Mol Major roadworks at Bar- 
ton Bridge, Greater Manchester; 
avoid if possible. M1& Contra- 
flow between junctions 6 and 7 
(Thome and M62). 

Scotland: A809: Temporary 
lights on Drymen Rd. Glasgow, 
at Duah bridge: A803: Single 
line traffic on Glasgow Rd, 
Dumbartonshire, at Kirkin- 
tilloch between 8 am and 4 pm. 
A9: Temporary tights over the ' 
River Tay at Jubilee Bridge, 
lay side. 

In a blind tasting of 45 1985 
wines of Bcaujolais- Villages, 
Cbenasand Bronuly, the folio wr 
ing were chosen as especially 
good value for money: 

1985- Cbenas ler Prix Gon- 
coars VUidrandK, Georges 
Duboeul Le Nez Rouge (01-609 
471 p. £4.30:1985 Bea^M*- 
Villages Domaine de Rajeons, 
Pommier, Connoisseur Wine , 
Cellar (01-736 9727), £3.99^985 1 
Broadly ler Grand Prix Vnie- 
fnuebe, Georges Duboeufi An- 
thony Byrne Fine Wines (0487- 
814555). £530:1985 BrodDy 
Domaine de Garanches, 
■Georges DuboeuC - Le Nez 
Rouge (01-609 4711), £435;. 
1985 BrooSUy, Adrien G diehard, 
Eaton Bliol Winebrokcrs (0625- 
582354). £4.954985 Beanjolais- 
VDlages, Joseph Drouhin, 
Michael Menzel (0742-683557), 

Source: Wine. October 1986. 

London, SE Engfand, East An- 
gfia, Channel Islands: Mainly dry, 
sunny intervals; wind BOu i arty 8ght 

or moder&m; max tamp 19C 
Central S, E, SW, central N 
Engfand, Midlands, 8, Wales: 
Sunny intervals, becoming cloudy 
wHh some fain during the evening; 
wind southerly light, becoming moo- 

erata: max temp 18C164F). 

N Wains, NW, IE England, Lake 
District Rain during a fternoon and 
early evening; wind southwesterly 

TSB share prices 

Information supplied by AA 

Trading of TSB sfoures. opens , 
‘on the Stock Exchange toraor- 1 
row. CitycalL British Telecom’s I 
telephone financial information 
service, win be quoting the share 
prices throughout the day in the' 
Genera! Market Report on 
(0898) 121220 from to m or r ow . 

moderate or fresh; max temp 16C 

of Man, Borders, Ecfinburgh, 
Dundee, Aberdeen, SW Scotland, 
Glasgow, Central tfightands. Mo- 
ray Hrthc Rate from late morning, 
clearing by dusk; wind south- 
westerly fresh or strong; max temp 


NE, NW Scotland, Arayfl, North- 
ern hete nti ; Rain at mat sunny 
Intervals and isolated showers 
developing; wind southwesterly 
fresh, occaskmaHy strong; max 
temp 14C|57F). 

Orkney, Shet lan d: Rain at first; 
sunny intervals and Isolated show- 
ers developing; wind southwesterly 
fresh or strong: max tamp 12C 

Outlook for tomorrow and Sat- 
urday: Changeable and rather 
windy in the N. Mainly fine in the S, 
but with overnight mist or fog. Near 
normal temperatures. 

High Tides 

b-totae sky: bc-bhw sky and cloud: ^ 
cloudy: OH9vercasb Mob: d-drtale; h- 
toll: nUM-mta t: r-raln: s4now: lb- 
CT innd ersu* m: Mhowa*. 



London BlMea 6.02 

Abwdmn 5^8 

Avonmouth 1131 

Cardiff 11.18 

Dewonport 9S4 
Dover 301 

Fahnoutb S-24 

S SS3T & 

HoMiad Z21 
!*■ . 1035 

W m a w nha 10.14 
Ladk 7.02 

Owpool 3.16 

Mwn f . 407 
MMordHawn 10-32 
gwwawy 9-25 

ChM S.4S 

Pw«wce 901 
P orttrol n.ia 
Fgriaw wrt ft . 345 

S hom tow 3.i5 

SoeBwniplon 2^3 
Swwwa 1004 
Tacs SOS 

WlkxHm-Kzn 353 
Tidn nnand in notn 

&S &22 «JB 
<w) eof as 
11.41157 1M 
34 340 34 

10.8 1142 102 
6.1 1025 43 
62 323- fi.1 
42 5.14 47 
3.7 421 08 
SO 248 5.1 
aa 1059 65 

aaiaae ts 

52 720 4 S 

hr 3^42 aa 
20 150-24 
4.4 422 
621058 60 
&3 . Djf 60 
a&1009 32 
52 034 44 
TO 1126 17 
44 408- 44 
SO 306 SO 
42 323 42 
07:1100 7*3 

5.0 027 4fl 

4.0 4.K .4.1 

Around Britain 

ftBriaatr - SmwMk 

7.14 wn 621 jm 

___ _ 2156 pro 027pm 

Fbst quarter tomonow 

Lighting-up tin»f 

London 6^1 pro to 646 am 
Bifatot 7,01pm to 055 am 

Festival of Fun: David Bailey 
emertams on the grand piano: 
Biggin SL Dover. II; Music, 
street fair, and fun throughout 
the day: Market Square. Dover. 

Times Portfolio Gold rates are as 

1 Times Portfolio Is free. Purchase 
of The Times is not a condition of 
taking part. 

* T *»ws Portfolio list uoowrtt p a 
group of mnnic corananic* .whose 
mares are listed on Uw Stock 
Exchange and Quoted In The Times 

USMBM 3 1 

ss5s^or^£r w, ° ** ; 

on _ .58pm to 7JX3 am 

Manchaatar 6L57 pm u 656 am 
Panzanca 7.14pm to7J6 am 

Or cult 

Daay P ts W adl 


and UduKrtal. stores pufaustwd in The 

Times Ponroito ust widen win r 

on the Stacie Exchange Prices 
In Ihe munui provided 'nod to 
5 «a; ahares note ate price change (+ 
or^ to pro ee. as published tn that 

. Alter Hsttnp the price diwget of 
yoor right shares for that day. add up 
an eigw share changes to give you 
jwur overall focal wus or mmus (+ or - 

CheOfc your .overall total agntnst The 

change mom day to day. The. Ust 
(which to numbered X - 44 ) <S divided 

Into four randomly distributed groups 

of II stores. Every PnrtfbUo card 
contains two numbers from cacti 
group and each card contains a 
unkme set of trumbors. 

The pound 

3 Times portfolio -dMdemf- wtfi b e 
Ito ngire a pence which iW«b 
U te optimum movetnenl tn prices CLe. 
the lar ger inmm or rowes loss) of a 
combination of rlobt (two From each 
randomly atdrl biitrdgroun wftn Uw 
44 stores) of the 44 stores on 

Jhv one day comprise The Tiroes 

SolHtk» to Puzzle No 17,171 


1 Emphasizes decapitation — 
removing these, presumably 

2 Remember lo pass the hat 
round again (9). 

3 Incite to sin? At first it's an 
effort (7). 

n re w m rams 



n c? m i g m ® □ 
rJEsan t?spsii«aism 
!=. S H ffl E 1E3 

& n pi n ts r u 

Hsnsraess tTinuHcjiiHn 

H IT! B ii IS fl 11 

S BBS p 

Austria Soft 
Greece Or 
Hoag KoagS 
Itriy Lin 
Japan y so 


Norway Xr 
Portugal Ese 
South Africa Rd 320 

Spain Pta 19450 

Swa d u Kr 10.15 

SwtoHtandFr 242 

USAS 1.485 

Yugoslavia Dnr 70000 

TTwwaratogs at midday yastarday: c. 
riauct I, fair: r. ran: s, sun. 

. . C F C F 

J BalteM ClSa Quansay fa 1355 
f J763 tawntM 11681 
Blacfamol e 1661 Jaraay c.lSCl 
MM C 1661 London f 1763 
Card* cISSB .Ifn dwl a i c 1783 
Edfabw^i. c 16© NawcasOa f 17ra 
Qtagow. d 1365 RMdswiy c13M 


Scwboro 45 

yofaotwi aa - 

Cromar . X 
IgvrtMuU "04 - 

62 - 

SxShcoast x 

Fnftsmns 85 
HMpft* 85 - 

Ea^jouma 03 - 

Brighton 82 
VtartMng 7.6 
L tW nhmpto 6.7 - 

Bognorfi. 85 - 

Southma 85 
SaridoM 9.1 
Shonkfin X 

Boumgnitlt 85 
Poole 75 _ 

Sywmoo ai 

Wayrooufl i 73 - 

Exmnnh 62 - 

Ta^numdti 7 . 0 - - 
Torquay 7.0 - 

19 .66 Many 
29 68 Mgra 

21 70 sunmr 
21 70 brigti{ : 

sun Rain l 

jWrarn arti "x ^-16 

gSaOny X - ,5 
Momc art h a - .18 15 
Dougfn 65 .17 18 

F " 

61 du> 

60 doudy 

- 21 70 sisiny 

19 66 sunny 

18 64 siamy 

19 86 sunny 

17 83 sunny 

18 64 sunny 

18 64 sunny 
18-84 sunny 

20 68 sum 

19 66 sunny 

London 6.9 .22 

Ate* 24 -20 

Bmof(CM 35 - 18 

CaiMttt^h 4J3 > -17 

58 rato . 

pi oi ^ is 

Ma ncha at a i - JQ6 18' 
IMtabM 15 .18 

HWn-Tyita 45 - - 1ft 
Cwttftt- 55 .18 17 

iron outright or a ttore of me totoi 
prtee money stated for that day and 
must ciatm your prize « instructed 


Sri* Mas 

2 T 70 sonny 
21 70 sunny 

19 66 sunny 
18 64 sumy 

20 68 bright 
21. 70 tunny 

21 70 sunny 
15 59 fog * 

20 68 sunny 

22 72vw»y 


Frtfrt s t i mii fr 54 26 16' 

24 . 17.15 

64 doudy 

63 nonrtf 
57 rtfln - 
53 raW • 

W- bright 

64 sunny 

. 4 The dally dividend win .he 
announc ed each day and the weekly 
dividend wiu be announ ced earn 
Saturday In The Thaws. 

B Tiroes Portfolio list and detaDs of 
the dwy or weekly dividend wfll atoo 
be anuuir lor Inspection at ' the 


14 57 doudy 
.16 61 doudy 

15 .09 16 
. 25 24 IS 

fTt o m o w ay i.o 20 IS 
• 47 10 
14 24 15. 
. 15 57 17 

Aft gteaa 2.4 52 17 
St Andrawa &4 • t9 

Edttwrfi ft? ;J1 17 

B«Wt , . 7J .16 17 


-SI rain 
59 rab"' 

SB tvtitt. 

so t3F 

5a Showors 
eastow ara 
63 brtfft 

88 sumy 


Ifrteowi TtoadaytoOgag* . 

63 sunny 


Portfolio total. 

record your daQy 

of The -nmes/ 

the menu price movenamt of 
more than one eomwnatton or stores 

Add these together to itewmiM 
your weekly Poruouo 

7 All claims are su 

cara'nff SeMac^tai to teed wuh or 

Incorrectly pruned tn any way win be 
deeland void. 


voor woe as teatructed be^w. 

8 Cmulayeeo of News mtenrathmal 
grand ib suaswanes and of 
Europrint Group Limited cproducen 
and own haloes or the card) or 
me mb er s of .their immediate families 
jre .not allowed to play Tiroes 

TMSBjttot TJ*l Vto | B p fes BB sMBIS . 


S tMs ti w Taa Thmw 

Births: fldnridi Sdittz, com- 
poser. baptized. Kostritz (Bad 
KdstritzX Germany, 1585: Cam- 
Ole SalnfcSaens, Paris. 1835. 

Deaths: Eugenio Pacein, Ifope 
-Pius XII 1939-58. Caste! Gan- 
doifo. Italy. 1958; Cbe Guevara, 
guerrilla fighter and revolu- 
tionary. Bolivia. 1967; Amlre 
Manrois. writer, Paris, 1967. 


AlKdo s 
Akradri . s 
Aterifaa t 
AVara f 
Amfdw c 

Athens s 
Bahrain s 
Bwfaads* c 


S-m-eSSS£' iu SStt? 

Zl H 22? 9 * 1 » TS Stotorg r 12 

f • £» cone -8 25 77 Malta m, ob -rr ceuuZ< . to 

ft 25 77 SFriMO* a 19 g 


§i»nCL- ?««!&?**. s 32 90-Saod 

IlsES lia-riiSSS 

!”3sg iiaassr s,?sss 

14 g tuSSSr * ^ 73 Nairphl I 28 84 ring! 



30 M h2ST“ 2 « 2 5S5 e. w 64 Vanin 

s 2 y*** i is BSSf •• S-£ § %SSS 

Parliament today 

Bwcgfaa a' 24 75 PimcftW 

rmm iw smBfl denommatton bank notas 

orty as supplwd Oy Barclays Bank PLC. 
Different rates applv to travellers' 

Different rates apply to travellers' 
cheques and ttftw foresgn currency 

0 AU participants win b« gutHMt to 
Uiese Rules. All Insirucuons on “how 
to play* and -how to dam* wmskw 

puhlbMd In Ttw Times or tn Tiroes 
Portfolio carts will oe deemed to to 
pari or _ these Rules. The Editor 
reserve* the right to amend the Rules. . 

. .you ira« >.toie year c ar d with you 
when you telephone. : 

If you .are unable to tetetdioti* ■ 
jofTwone else can claim on 
hm Utgr must nave your card atorau I 
The Times Portfolio ctatma Hue ! 
between the stipulated bines. 

Lords (230): - Housing and 
Planning BQI. committee stage: 

Couctse Crossword page 

RetaU Price Indue 3855 

loodqit: Ths FT teds* dosad down 95 at 


10 In any dispute. The Editor"! 
«muh» H final and no correspon- 

dence win be. entered Into. 

eSttatto tSSr — 
No nsoonstbUUy cm be-acoested 
for failure to coniactttte oainwmnce 
ter my reason within the stated 

gRSgte aa** 1 duly Md; wae» 


Ijondon E4 9XN a ndtor 
gwred as. a iWtoMMor at the Pm 


Bthtodo f 
Dtnet ts 
Oenwida* c 




B Aires* f 
Cairo f 

C gpeTn s 


21.70 Gibratti 

14 57 HataML 
24 75 llongK 
17 66 InnmKk 
19. 66 bUnbu 

15 9 Jeddah 


10 61 LPtecw 
30 86 U*ot, 
23 73 Locarno 

23 73 LAaoet 

16 64 Ummbg^ c 15 59 R3o de J 
11 Sft Ma d ri d^- a 22 72 fSygdh' 

*d«w«TiiBsd#y-» fisurSKfaMMtere 

s 23 73 tengtor 0i"27 
s 9 48 sruwto f 7 .7 
K. 5 41 Stcnbrre c 14 
d n.SSMteapT «17 
f 28 84 ThS " f-23 
( 25 77 -Tdlai4» : 8 77 

* 30 B6 Ttoadfa #26 
1 13 » Tokyo . f.lS 
s 23 73 Toronto* 1 . 1* 
f 9 46 TMa ■ - s 26 
c 18 64 Valencia s 23 
■ 20 60 Vanrtmr* 

C. 10 64 MAiBO .- c 1* 1 
o 13 66 Vtenna .c.t* ' 
c v 52 wnw . e .13 

* 24 75 OBertitBir »;:T7 I 
c. 24 75 Vitea ' f .9 • 

* 37 99 Zmkb - V* 17 I 

the first major w^t action : 
since- the - suicide mi$aons 
carried out by JMr James 
Prior and Mr- Fhrncis iw 
both of whom denounced ^the 
Governnwnt at the same 
time as saying that- they 
would be. retiring. 

Government sources 
feared thai it was the start of 
an autumn wet campaign. 
The most feared of the wets, 
the legendary Mr Miqhaet 
Heseftme (code wwe Tar- 
zan) was expected to address 
a fringe .meeting, organized 
by the Tory Reform Group, 
in Bournemouth today. It 
was assumed that „ there 
would be similar 1 meetings 

04 f.:- 

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f’ ^ 

pfn ,:,n 

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Hist Sit- - ' 

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^JSINESS and finance 


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Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fim* 

Stock: MApq-pT Share 

1248.1 (- 9 . 2 ) 

FT-SE 100 
1587.8 (- 4 . 5 ) 


rates firm as 
Ibr- sterling plunges 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 


US Dollar 

1.4205 (- 0 . 0145 ) 

WGerma 0 made 

2-8382 (- 0 . 0304 ) 

6^^ ahted 



Mr Henry Kaufinan. New 
‘ or * c s foremost financial 
guru, has resigned as vice* 
chairman and director ofSalo 
mon Inc, holding company for 
toe investment banking and 
commodities group, as part of 
a widespread management 

The voice that has so fre- 
quently moved exchange 
rates, interest razes and bond 
prices will be far from stilled 
however. Mr Kaufman, is . to 
concentrate on directing the 
research department of Salo- 
mon Brothers, the group's 
securities and . bond-trading 

In the latest Comments on 
Credit . the chief vehicle for his 
influence over markers , ’ Mr 
Kaufinan puts the latest ster- 
ling crisis down to a combina- 
tion of fears of reflationary 
policies after the election, 
allied to Britian's fast-deteri- 
orating trade balance. 

The Bank of England's 
move to support the pound by 
intervening in the fbriegn 
exchange market rather than 
raising interest rates marks a 
break in policy, be says. But 
he says ‘‘the markets may 
conclude that an increase in 
British interest rates of more 
than 100 basis points (I pet 
cent) will be necessary/- 

A wave of selling hit the 
pound yesterday, sending the 
sterling index down by a full 
point, to a new low, and 
stepping tip the pressure for a 
rise in base rates. 

- The index fell from 68.1 to 
67.1 as tbe ponnd lost ground 
against all major currencies. 
Interest rates in the money 
markets rose and gill-edged 
securities fefl by up to £1. 

The Bank of England inter- 
vened modestly in the morn- 
ing in support of the pound, 
but ft then withdrew. “I think 
they saw that it was pretty 
futile.” said one dealer. 

There were no major new 
factors affecting the pound 
yesterday, apart from a tele- 
vision interview with the 
pumcehor. Mr Nigtl Lawson, 
in which he reprated that 
entry into the European 
Monetary System would be 
considered when appropriate. 

He said: “My own personal 

view is that the time win come 
when we will join it/ 1 But Mr 
Lawson declined to be drawn 
on interest rates or the plight 
of the pound. 

It fell by 3.4 pfennigs to a 
record low of DM18382. and 
ft lost 1.43 cents against a 

Economic view 23 

Comment 23 

generally fragile . Hniiar at 
If. 4205. The dollar remained 
just below DM2 yesterday, 
closing at DM 1 .9980. 

The Bundesbank an- 
nounced that it would not be 
holding a press conference 
after ns fortnightly council 
meeting today. This indicated 
that no reduction in German 
interest rates is pending. A cut 
could have helped to avert a 
rise in base rates. 

Money market interest rates 
firmed yesterday. They are in 

O ' N ' D ' J ' F ' M ' A M J ' J A S O 

Ime with a base raze level well 
above the present 10 per cent. 

The three-month interbank 
raze rose to !0*i6-I0V per 
cent, and the one-month rate 
dosed at lO^-lO'A per cent. 

The consensus view in the 
City is that a one-point rise in 
base rates will be needed to 
steady the pound, but that 
such an increase is not pos- 
sible until after the Conser- 
vative Party conference. 

According to Mr Stephen 
Lewis, chief economist at 
Phillips & Drew, yesterday's 
lack of intervention in' support 
of the pound signalled that the 
Bank of England is preparing 
the way for a rise in interest 

It is clear, however, that the 
only way for the Government 
to really hit back in support of 
the pound will be with a 
surprise move, such as allow- 
ing an increase in base rates 
just as Mr Lawson is 
delivering his conference 
speech at Bournemouth this 

Bui, having spent the past 
two wraks attempting to avoid 
such a move, this would be a 
major sacrifice for the 

• The European Commu- 
nity Commission in Stras- 
bourg postponed a decision on 
whether to propose a devalua- 
tion of the “green” pound, 
used for converting farm sup- 
port prices under the Com- 
mon Agricultural Policy, to a 
full meeting of agricultural 

Holmes a Court involved in 
heavy Standard buying 

By I&chaiid Thomson and Richard Lander 

lt», Ltuc mauuiuav .quuqnsucui, 


ip the City yeste*d®f worm a 


Ocean Transport and Trad- 
ing, the shipping, transport 
and services group, yesterday 
promised shareholders a high- 
er final dividend to help to 
dissuade them from accepting 
toe £258 million cash bid from 
Mr Ron Brierley, the New 
Zealand financier. 

Mr Nicholas Barber, the 
group managing director, de- 
clined to give a firm indica- 
tion of what the final dividend 
would be, but said the trading 
position was very good. Al- 
though pretax profits for the 
first half year were slightly 
down on last year. OTT lifted 
the interim dividend from 
155p lo 2.9p. 

Mr Robert Holmes A Court, - total cost of more than £22 
the Australian entrejMcneuc, million. The shares jumped 

from 699p to 719 in the 
afternoon and ini late. trading 
moved up rapidly to 742p. 
Most of the buying, was 
thought to baye been carried 
out try Rowe & Pitman. 

Mr Holmes a Court isone of 
the three Far Eastern investors 
who saved Standard from a 
takeover by Lloyds Bank last 
July by buying huge holdings 
at the last moment.. A week 
after the bid foiled, Mr 
Holmes & Court raised his 
original 7.4 percent holding to 
8 per cent and said he might 
buy more. 

.- The two other large 
shareholders are Sir Yue- 
Kong Pao, the Hong Kong 
businessman, and Tan Sri 
Khoo Teck Puat, toe Singa- 

total of about £ 70 : mflfion. 
While market sources re- 
ported him asa heavy buyer of 
shares in Standard Chartered 
Bank. Ids BeD Resources com- 
pany launched a tender offer 
to raise its stake in the Morgan 
Crucible group to 29.9 per 

Shares of Standard Char- 
tered Bank, the international 
banking group, leapt by more 
than 40p after heavy buying 
during the afternoon. It is 
believed that Mr Hobbes & 
Court bought up to '3 million 
shares, taking hls stake in the 
bank up about 10 percent 
He was said to have paid 
739p for the shares, making a 

pore entrepreneur. Sir Yue- 
KongPao owns. 14.9 percent 
while Tan 'Sri Khoo owns 5 
per cent of Standard. 

The renewed buying was 
seen in some quarters yes- 
terday as a defensive move 
against Lloyds Bank which 
still bolds 49 per cent of toe 
shares. Last month, Lloyds 
received permission from 
American banking authorities 
to buy up to 10 per cent in 
Standard and is expecting 
further permission to buy up 
to 25 per cent. Lloyds cannot 
launch a new bid until July 
next year or until another 
bidder emerges. 

Westpac. Australia’s largest 
bank, which has dose connec- 
tions with Mr Hoi mesa Court 
has been suggested as a pos- 
sible bidder. 

Michael Guthrie at Mecca's Lyceum Ballroom in London 

Mecca Leisure to 
join stock market 

By Alexandra Jackson 

Mecca Leisure, toe subject yean “We only gained foil 

of a £95 million management 
buy-out from Grand Metro- 
poliiaa last December, is com- 
ing to the stock market by way 
of an offer for sale of 
25J26.000 new shares at 
135p. This will raise £32J 
million net of expenses, rain- 
ing the group at £1025 

Samuel Montagu, the mer- 
chant bank, is offering toe 
shares for sale and Greenwell 
Montagu is the stockbroker to 
the issue. The application lists 
will open at 10am next Thurs- 
day. Dealings are expected to 
brain on Thursday, October 

The directors of Mecca 
Leisure estimate the company 
made £73 million in toe year 
to toe end of September 1986. 
In 1985-86, -pretax profits 
were £5J£ million oh turnover 
of £1219 million. At toe offer 
price of 135p, toe shares are 
valued oo u historic price 
earnings ratio of 15 times. 

Mr Michael Guthrie, chair- 
man and chief executive of 
Mecca Leisure, is expecting 
the fall benefit of the manage- 
ment buoyout to be felt this 

control of the group during the 
second half of best year so the 
estimated results to the end of 
September show only half a 
year of Mecca Leisure under 
independent management.’' 

Mecca Leisure developed 
from a business set up in toe 
City of London in 1884 to sell 
coffee grinding equipment It 
came to the stock market In 
1898 but lost its independent 
quotation In 1970 when it 
merged with Grand 

Mecca Leisure runs 185 
trading operations from 157 
properties throughout Britain; 
80 per cent of these are 
freehold or long leasehold. 
The core brainesses are 
entertainment and catering, 
social dubs and holiday 
centres. . 

The money raised will be 
used fo develop the business' 
and to maximize opportunities 
for future growth. The group 
spent £57 million on refurbish- 
ment between 1981 ami 1985. 
Capital expenditure in 1985- 
86 was £9 million and is 
expected to rise to £15 million 
this year. 

Tempos, page 24 

Elders’ finance in place 

After a fundraising tour of 
the world’s leading financia l 
centres. Elders IXL, the Fes- 
ters lager concern, yesterday 
announced details of how it 
will pay for the £14 billion 
pwchase of die Grange brew- 
ing operations 

About £3ID million is to be 
raised by the issue of four 12- 
year convertible bonds id ster- 
ling. dollars, marks and Swiss 

The balance will be pro- 
vided by a tone-year £1 
btUkHnmsecared sterling loan 

Britain sets 
£6bn takeover 
record in US 

By John Bell, City Editor 

British companies have 
spent a record-breaking £6 
billion so for this year on 
buying .American companies. 
This transatlantic spending 
spree represents a substantial 
extra drain on the British 
equity market at a time when 
fund raising from all sources is 
running at alMirae high levels. 

It coincides also with a 
period when institutional cash 
flows are coming under 
increasing pressure as com- 
panies, meed with pension 
fund suiplusses, opt for a 
contributions holiday. 

These are the main findings 
of a study published yesterday 
by Hoare Govett. the stock- 
tanker. So for this year, British 
companies have spent more 
than twice the S3. 5 billion 
worth of deals recorded in the 
whole of 1985. 

Some aspects of this activ ity 
are of concern to institutional 
investors. First, there has been 
a high price paid for many of 
the United States acquisitions. 

More than £2.6 billion of 
the aggregate sums spent 
represent goodwill — the pre- 
mium over net assets of the 
businesses acquired. Institu- 
tional investors who have, in 
effect, seen an involuntary 
redistribution of their port- 
folios due to the spending 
spree, may have misgivings 
because of the notoriously 
patchy record of British com- 
panies in the United States. 

The scale of the acquisitions 
has almost certainly contrib- 
uted to the recent pressure on 
sterling alihough the precise 

effects of this arc difficult to 
quantify. The rush to buy 
American may be related also 
to a growing concern that if 
Labour comes to power after 
the next election, restriction 
may be placed on overseas 

Almost £2.1 billion of the 
sums raised from the deals 
represented a drain on the 
British equity market in the 
form of rights issues, vendor 
platings or vendor rights is- 
sues. The funds raised for 
American acquisitions have 
been a big factor in the high 
level of total funds raised in 
ihe British equity market so 
far this year. 

A total of £9.6 billion has 
been raised to the end of 
September against £7.4 mil- 
lion for the whole of 1985. 
With the British Gas 
privatization still to come the 
1986 total will be extremely 
high, says the broker. 

Income and capital gearing 
for the companies which com- 
prise the FT Actuaries Indus- 
trial Index is now 15 per cent 
and 7 per cent respectively, or 
roughly half the levels reached 
five years ago. 

Much of this has been due 
to buoyant levels of company 
profits. Because of this, says 
Hoare Govctti British quoted 
companies are in a strong 
position to expand by taking 
on more debt. The' quoted 
corporate sector could take on 
another £32 billion of debt 
before its collective balance 
sheet returned to the gearing 
levels of 1982. 

Waterford pays £252m 
for Wedgwood group 


By Cliff Feltham 

More than 400 years 
craftsmanship were forged 
yesterday when Waterford 
Glass, the Irish crystal manu- 
facturer, made an agreed 
£252.6 million takeover tad 
for Wedgwood, the bone china 

The deal creates a world 
force in luxury tableware. The 
Wedgwood board, which had 
fought off a hostile offer from 
London International, the 
contraceptives and consumer 
products business, has wel- 
comed the bid, with 38 per 
cent of shareholders. 

London International, 
whose bid was being exam- 
ined by the Monopolies and 
Mexgeis Commission, has ac- 
cepted the terms for its 10 per 
cent stake expected to bring a 
profit Of about £7.5 million. 

Three of the Wedgwood 
directors are joining the new 
board, but none was present at 
the press announcement, 
causing speculation that their 

SE first 

Baker Harris Saunders 
Group will be the first 
commercial estate agent to 
come to the slock market. A 
tender offer of 25 per cent of 
the firm at a minimum 150pa 
share is to be made, raising 
£1.78 million neL Market 
capitalization is £15 million. 

Tempos, page 24 


Higgs and Hill, the 
housebuilding, properly and 
construction group, made pre- 
rax profits in the six months to 
ihe end of June of £4.6 
million, a rise of 19.5 per cent. 
The dividend was raised 10 
per cent to 53p net 

Tempos, page 24 

Davy makes £16.6m 
cash offer for Monk 

Davy Corporation, the pro- 
cess plant engineering and 
construction group, has made 
a recommended all cash offer 
worth £16.6 million for A 
Monk, the building and civil' 
engineering contractor. 

Davy already had a 29.9 per 
cent stake in Monk, and 
bought a further 275,000 
shares in the market yes- 
today, taking its stake to 323 
per cent The acquis tion will 
be funded from cash re-; 
sources, or a loan note. 

Benefits to Davy include 

will allow Monk to compete 
for larger contracts, and new 
^markets will open to Monk 
through Davy’s worldwide 

Monk's pretax profits were 
£45,000 in the year to Feb- 
ruary 28 on £136 million 
turnover, compared with pre- 
vious yearY profits of £1.64 

Small contractors like 
Monk were squeezed out by 
large companies hunting 
smaller projects, due to gov- 

WalJ Street 22 
Co News 22 

Comment 23 
Mooey Mrkts 23 
Foreign Exch 23 

Stock Market 
Traded Opts 24 
Unit Treats 26 
Commodities 26 
USM Prices 26 
Share Prices 27 

combining Monk’s' dvfl e n- ' enitnentspending cuts. 

I . gineering with Davy’s process Davy raised taxable profits 

plant, and Monk's property 
development expertise with 
Davy's property portfolio. 
Joint financial resources 



New York 
Dow Jonas 




1799.35 (+14.90)- 
17514-80 (-89.56) 

Sena 2204.41 (+41.651 

281.5 (+1-4) 

202S-0 (+5.7) 



SKA General 


London closing prtew P*^ 27 


buying rata 


New York: 

& £1.4205' 

$: SwFrl .6270* 
S:Yenl 54.22* 

$: Index: 109-5 

SDR £0-843674 

main price changes 


Monk A.__ 1 - 154p 

Heath CE. — 471 P (1 

Consolidated Gold — . g37p (+11 

Unilever 1885p (+15p| 

Morgan Crucibte 285p j+17p^ 

Arlington 1B8p j+J 

Johnston Group 303p +1L 

aawwi gafcjijii 

Standard Chart 7i7p (+11 


Hawker SWdeley. 


Countiyside Props 405p . 

Morgan ©wten 370pj' 

Higgs* Hffl 59ft>( 

Bowthorpe 5Wp 












Loreto 11 PWng: 

KSex &U&80-439.30- 


85 (£309.00- 

north sea oil 

Brent (NovJpmSI^iWigA^SJ 

* Denotes West trading price „ 

in the year to March 31 from 
£13.05 million to £I6J3 mil- 
lion. on £594 million tarn- 

Monk’s shares jumped from 
1 19p to close at 154p, with a 
cash offer per share of 153p. 

£300m for 

By Jndlto Hartley 

Winchester House, a City 
office block that cMmgad 
hands for £65 raOCon last 
year. Is to be demolished to 
make way for a 31-storey 
office tower, with 388,000 sq ft 

of space. 

A model of the proposed 
banding is pictured left The 
scheme could be worth £300 

millio n. 

Wales City of London Prop- 
erties, the only q do ted prop- 
erty company developing 
exclusively in the Square. 
Mile, and Friends Provident 
Life office, the insurance com- 
pany, is to pull down the 1960s 
building in Old Broad Street. 

The developers and their 
agent HHlier Parker, are 
confident that it win be prelet 

to a financial conglomerate 

still looking for space after Big 

Jobs scheme Svorks well 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

A government scheme to 
prontote self -employment is 
working wefl,-acc®g#ig'.to a 
survey conducted by 1 Social 
and Community Planning Re- 
search, a research 

. The survey, published yes- 
terday in the October Employ- 
ment Gazette, shows that 61 
per cent- of businesses estab- 
lished under the Enterprise 
Allowance Scheme were still 
trading two years after toe 
allowance ended. 

Each surviving business em- 
ployed an average & one other 
person, and most, 91 percent 
expected to be operating in 12 
months’ time. 

The scheme, providing un- 
employed people with £40 a 
week for a year , to set up in 
business If they have £1,000 of 
their own to invest operated 
on a pilot basis in 1982. The 

survey is hased on the experi- 
ences ^-participants in the 
pilot scheme. 

1982, more than 
170,000 people have taken 
part The sdieme is being 
expanded to provide for 86,000 
entrants tins year <1986-87) 
and 1004)00 in 1987-88. 

Most of the businesses are 
in toe building trade, account- 
ing for 26 per cent of toe totaL 
Re tail i ng acco unted for 18 per 
cent; services, broadly defined, 
also 18 per cent manufac- 
turing 13 per cent repairs 11 
per cent and 14 per cent in 
other trades. 

Department of Employment 
figures suggest toe scheme is a 
cost efficient method of reduc- 
ing unemployment The av- 
erage net cost of each person 
taken off the unemployment 
count was £L£00 in the time 
that the allowance is paid. 

3 — ------ •'« 

This is significantly, lower 
than most other methods of 
red Bring unemployment But 
the bnOd-np of employment 
under the scheme is compar- 
atively slow — after two years 
every 100 surviving businesses 
employed 99 people. 

• New mi employment data 
published in toe Employment 
Gazette suggests a lower UK 
jobless rate in Britain than the 
13 per cent estintated by the 
Organization for Economic 
Co-operation and 


The Labour Force Survey 
shows that 1 j 08 million people 
who were included in the 
unemployment count last year 
were either not looking for 
work, or had paid jobs. This 
was partly offset by 760,000 
people who were seeking work 
but .were not entitled to bene- 
fits and so did not appear in 
the official figures. 

new roles had been a sticking 
point in reaching agreement. 

Sir Arthur Bryan, chairman 
of Wedgwood, becomes 

Waterford, revitalised 
under its chairman. Mr Paddy 
Hayes, says there is enormous 
scope for selling the two 
companies' products through 
the same outlets. 

Waterford’s offer ofl 4 of its 
shares for every three Wedg- 
wood, places a value on them 
of 564p. In the stock market 
the Wedgwood shares shot up 
lI5pto 568p. 

The deal, which 
wasarranged with the Central 
Bank of Ireland, enables 
shareholders in Britain to 
collect their tax credits on the 
Waterford shares at a more 
beneficial rate than in Ireland. 

Last year. Waterford earned 
£114 million on sales of £112 
million. Wedgwood, which 
employs 7,000 people, made a 
similar profit on turnover of 
£152 million. 

Josiah Wedgwood, page 23 

*."* - Tar. r. - 4 .' 

’saranmamiiunai i 

■i. .. . 




Board in plea over 
export support 

By Teresa Poole, Business Correspondent 

More efficient' and speedier 
support from Government 
departments is needed to help 
British companies compete 
for large overseas capital 
projects, the Overseas Projects 
Board said yesterday. 

In its review of projects 
exports since April. 1985. the 
board — an advisory group of 
senior industrialists — called 
also for the more effective use 
of aid money taking full 
account of the benefits to 
British industry- and: 

• an increase in Britain's total 
aid budget 

• more support from the 
machinery of Whitehall for 

• an increase in the Aid and 
Trade Provision which should 
be operated with commercial 
considerations as the main 

• less aid money to be put 
into 100 per cent grants and 

instead trasfered to mixed 
credits . _ 

On the question of ATP 
support the board makes a 
plea for quicker decisions 
from the various Government 
departments involved includ- 
ing Trade and Industry, the 
Overseas Development 
.Administration and the Ex- 
port Credits Guarantee 

The report states:“The 
present svstem engenders 
overly cautious attitudes and 
protracted discussion before 
decisions are taken. In most 
cases, we consider the right 
decisions have finally bran 
reached. But too often these 
have come about only after 
excessive discussion and 


“ The result is a loss of 
impetus and a surrender of 
initiative which can be fatal to 
a company's chance of 





. 10 . 00 % 

Man & Company. 

Citibank Savjngsf. 
Consolidated Crds. 
Co-operatnis Bank. 
C. Hoare & Co.— 


— 10 . 00 % 


10 . 00 % 

10 . 00 % 

10 . 00 % 

Hong Kong & Shanghai 10.00% 

Lloyds Bank 10.00% 

Nat Westminster 10.00% 

Royal Bank of Scotland 10X0% 

TS8 10X0% 

Citibank NA 10X0% 

t Mortgage Base Rate. 

marginally up 

Spirax-Sarco Engineering, 
the Cheltenham specialist in 
fluid control equipment an- 
nounced a stagnant set of 
figures for the first half of the 
year with profits only margin- 
ally up from £6.892.000 to 

Turnover in the six months 
to end-June increased from 
£42.104.000 to £43.789:000. 
but earnings per share slipped 
from 5.8p to 5.6p. The interim 
dividend is being maintained 
at 1.5p. 

The company blamed the 
depressed British economy 
and quiet trading conditions 


Mars Confectionery" Mr 
Norman Lloyd becomes sales 

Profile: Mr Mark Norris 
joins as a director. 

The Thomas Cook Group: 
Mr Trevor J Danes joins the 
board and Mr John A 
McEwan becomes managing 
director. UK Travel 

Ivory and Si me: Mr Jeremy 
Hayward becomes a director 
from November I. 

Wade Potteries: - Mr J 
Croslaud is made a non- 
executive director. 

Baker Rooke: Mr Richard 
Blake becomes senior partner 
and Mr Graham Willett man- 
aging partner. 

Racal Electronics: Mr Phil- 
ip Crossbud joins the parent 

Thorn EMI Business Com- 
munications: Mr Keith Shep- 
herd becomes managing 

F-E Consulting Services: 
Mr Ted Gorman has been 
made regional director, per- 
sonnel services division. 

Horn equity: Mr Patrick 
Montgomery becomes manag- 
ing director. 

Intemationl Flexon Group. 
Holland: Mr John Handley 
has been made chairman. 

The Registrars' Group of 
the Institute of Chartered 
Secretaries and Administra- 
tors: Mr Noel Walker be- 
comes chairman. 

Groupe Europeen S.A. 
(GESA Assistance): Mr Rob- 
ert Pfcnt and Mr Joachim 
Poch become joint chief exec- 
utives. Mr Bernard 
Meiraoesio has been nominat- 
ed chairman GESA (France). 

Guiness Mahon & Co: Mr 
David Ashworth. Mr Philip 
Atkinson. Mr Nicholas Mc- 
Carthy. Mr David Roberts. 
Mr Martin ROey and Mr 
Robert Pbilipsoa Stow be- 
come directors. 

Britannia heads 
for full listing 

By Richard Lander 

Britannia Security Group, 
the diversified protection and 
security services company, 
plans to ring the alarm bells on 
the Stock Exchange by becom- 
ing the first USM company to 
graduate to a full listing after 

ir Anthony Record, the 
chairman, announced the 
move along with the group's 
for the year to June 30, 

figures i 


which showed pretax profits 
rising to £1.8 million from a 
restated £626.000: 

Turnover rose by 40 per 
cent reflecting four important 
acquisitions during the year 
including, the White Group 
closed circuit television com- 
pany and Tefe-Link Archives. 

which stores documents and 
computer records for 

The group has reorganized 
its alarms division and is 
buying up local companies to 
strengthen its national cover- 
age. foe latest acquistion being 
Ultra Security Alarms for up 
to £400.000. The division has 
started to offer monitoring 
facilities to its alarm 

With earnings per shares 
rising from 3.9p to 9. Ip. 
Britannia is paying a final 
dividend of Q.9p to make an 
annual total of I.Sp which is 
20 per cent up on last year. 
The shares were unchanged at 

Big advance by Walker 

C & W Walker. , the en- 
gineering company which is 
about to double in size after 
foe merger with its rival. 
Green bank, yesterday an- 
nounced more than doubled 
interim pretax profits to 

Turnover for foe six months 
to August 2 rose from £6.39 
million to £7.24 million. The 
figures were flattered by a 
contribution from Multiple 

Industries Group, with which 
Walker merged m February. 

Sir Anthony JolliffeL chair- 
man and fbriner Lord Mayor 
of London, says that foe 
broader spread of interests has 
reduced foe group's exposure 
to cyclical influences. The 
board is not paying an interim 
dividend, but it is 
recommending a final pay- 
ment of Up. The shares 
firmed lp to 57%p. 

Johnston profits ahead 

Johnston Group, the civil 
and mechanical engineering 
business: reported a rise in 
interim profits from £1.9 mil- 
lion to £2.634 millkm.The 
contribution from civil 
engumering and road mainte- 
nance was significantly higher 
than last year 
Order books are at satisfac- 

tory levels and second half 
profits are not expected to be 
less than those earned in foe 
second six months of last 
year. The interim dividend is 
is being raised to 3p against 
2J25p last time and the board 
intends to recommend a final 
dividend of not less than the 
5.25p paid last year. 

• PETRANOL: Mr Alan Mil- 
ton. director of Inoco. has told 
Dr Norman White, chairman of 
Peiranol. that Inoco will be 
voting against the proposal 
rights issue and. acquisition of 

Apollo in respect of its 663 per 
cent stake. _ 

sults for six months to June 28. 
Figures in £000- Turnover. 
£216.734 (£196.952). pretax 
profit £4.944 (£3.739). tax 
£1.605 (£ 1 .238). Same dividend. 
Profitability in the second half 
cannot normally be expected to 
match that in the fiist. but foe 
board views foe outlook for foe 
second halt full year and the 
medium-term future with 

board has agreed terms, subject 
to foe consent of the South 
African Reserve Bank, for the 
sale of the whole of foe issued 
share capital and loan account 

of foe wholly-owned South Af- 
rican subsidiary. Thomas 
French and Sons Pry. The 
purchaser is Mr David Watson, 
chairman and owner of a num- 
ber of South African companies 
with which the subsidiary com- 
pany mil be managed as one 

The board says that by Ipm on 
October 6 foe offer for Auric 
common shares had been ac- 
cepted by holders of about 90.7 

per cent of foe shares. The offer 
is being extended until October 


GAS: The company has ac- 
quired interests in 28 ml and gas 
wells in Oklahoma from MRI 
Production, of Oklahoma City. 
Proved developed producing 
reserves being acquired are es- 
timated at 47.000 b ar re ls of oil 
and 12 billion cubic ft of gas. 
Included in foe assets acquired 
are j- — ■ — J r 


Tbe consideration 

which has been satisfied by the 
issue to MRI of 2,464,361 
ordinary shares. Arrangements 
have wen made for the sale of 
these shares to institutional and 
private investors. Results for, 
year to June 30. Sales £214348 

We encourage 

our staff to take 

P ARTNERS, associates 
and staff alike, are all at your 
service at Jones Lang Wootton. 

Try calling us and you’ll see whatwe mean. 

One thing you’ll find is we waste no time 
in getting on first name terms. 

Not that we’re forward, you understand. 

Ift simply part of our plan to become the first 
name you think of in commercial property. 

If you’re interested in anything to do with 
offices, shops, or industrial and high-technology 
buddings, we can help. 

We’ve eighty-five partners and associates, and 
over five hundred staff in the UK alone. 

And we didn’t get big by saying no to small 
jobs. In the past year, for example, we’ve handled 
instructions on units ranging in size from 400 
to 3 million square feet 

Whatever you need, we’ve someone who can 
help. And to help guide you to the right person, 
let’s run through what we do. 

Our investment people handle buying and 
selling, and the funding of property development 
Our agency teams cover developing, letting 
and acquiring, as well as rent reviews and lease 

Our valuations group can tell you what your 
property^ worth. 

And in these days of ‘intelligent buildings’ 
you need highly intelligent advice on manage- 
ment, maintenance, and the improvement of 

Whaft more our 
databank is one of the 
largest sources of com- 
mercial property informa- 
tion; which is one reason 
we act as consultants to so 
many clients. 

And we’re just as at home 

In other Jones Lang Wootton firms 
overseas there are a further 125 partners 
and 1,200 staffs in 35 offices, in 14 countries 
on 4 continents. 

Whether you’re at home or abroad, large or 
small, the number to ring is 01-493 6040. 

We’d be very pleased to hear from you. Therek 
nothing we like more than personal calls. 

Jones Lang 

The first name to call in commercial property. 

Chartered Surveyors. International Real Estate Consultants. 22 Hanover Square, London W1A 2BN. Telephone: 01-493 6040. 
Kent House, Telegraph Street, Moorgate, London EC2R 7JL. Telephone: 01-638 6040. 



liooal items £129-364 (toss 
£97.21 9k nffjow before tax 

BST «.0WT3* *1985. 

•Imperial chemical 

nounced foat it is resell «s50 J 
per cent interest in CSR Chani- 
cals to ICI Australia, its partner 

in the companyTFhe safe » 

conditional on ICI receiving 
approval from tire Fore®? 
Investment Review Board. CSR. 
Chemicals manufactures speci- 
ality chemicals, including 
plasticisers, purpose-formulated 
solvents and chemical inter- 
mediates for tire food and 
pharmaceutical industries. Ljk 
O remicaJs' sales in 1985 were 
afrmi Aus$ 85 million* 

man says in his annual report 

that the company produced 
35.899 ounces of gold m foe past, 
vear and he expects it to p roduce 
40.000 ounces in foe current 

FUNDrin foe year to Aupttjl 
net income was £2.967 (£7. 183). 
undistributed income brought 
forward was £3.932 (£1.000). net 

(207. Op) 


name of foe company is to be 
changed to Kinta KeDas Invest- 
ments as the company has 
diminishing interests in tin- 
based activities and has diversi- 
fied into investment holding, 
property development and 
manufacturing of plastic build- 
ing materials. 


company is resmicturing its 
shipping division. While 
continuing to trade under their 
names of Stephenson Clarice 
Shipping and Cory Brothers 
- - ^ and 

... com- 

. under a 

single management and cor- 

porate structure with the name 
Powell Dufiryn Shipping. 

NATIONAL: The terms have 
been given of a joint venture 
agreement with. Mr and Mrs 
Laurence Tario » form a com- 
pany. Colourings* market a 
co-ordinated range of colour 
cosmetics through foe Body- 
Shop network. Colourings win 
be 3 percent owned by Mr and 
Mrs Tario and 70 per cent by 
BSL which will make available a 
revolving loan facility of £ 1.5 
million to Colourings. 

• BATLEYS: The company 

sa\s that its Newcastle cash- 
and-carry warehouse and stock, 
which were completely de- 
stroyed by fire, were fiiuv -in. 
surexL and the company was 
also covered for loss of earnings. 
However, there would be an 
impact on group Trading and an 
profits in the current financial 
vear. - 

PLANT: An interim dividend 
of 0.625p (0.5?5p) will be paid. 

With figures in £ milHoos. 

Group turnover 62-393 (5&812) 
for 26 weeks to August 3. 
trading profit 12396 (10.554), 
depreciation 6-145 (5381). in- 
terest 1.689 (1 326). group profit 
4.761 (3.647). taxation 1300 
(0.600k minority interests 0.145 
(0. 160). earnings per share 33lp 
(3.28pl earnings folly diluted 
3.03p (2.82p). • ASH . AND 
LACY: The interim dividend 
for foe 26 weeks to June 27 is 
l Ip (lOpk With Enures in £000. 
Turnover 16.7«J (17.815). 
operating profit 1.224 (Ug) 
after depreciation of 713 (772). 
Other income less interest pay- 
able 192 (56). Profit before tax 
1.4 16 (1.185). tax 660 (529). 

extraordinary items after tax nil 
(297). earnings per share 17.9p 

interim dividend for the six 
months to the end of June is 3p 
(23p). With figures in £000. 
Turnover 44.831 (41.108). 
operating profit 2.544 {2.174), 
associated companies 83 (59). 
interest charge 477 (428). p r et ax 
profit 2.150 (1.805). tax 820 
(812). extraordinary credit after 
tax 25 (116). earnings per share 
adjusted for recent rights issue- 


New York (AP-Dow Jones) points at 1,794, after Wag 
— Share prices rebounded more than seven points shortly 
from losses at the opening in after trading began- . / . 
moderate early trading yes- The Dow Jones transporta- 
terday. Tbe Dow Jones Indus- tion average rose about seven 
trial average was np about nine points. 











7 . 














FSt Chicago 



Phelps Oga 





AIM Signal 





















MVafCMu . 


• 0Ak 



















GTE Corp 








Gan Carp 





Am Can 
Am EfPwr 










RyNds Mat 






Gan Inst 



Royal Dutch 



Am Express 



Gen hats 







Gan Motors 



Sara Lae 





GnPtj lltny 























Scott Paper 












Sears Rbck 









Ashland Ol 






















Sth Cal Ed 

















Gud & West 





Sparry Carp 



Bank ol NY 



Heinz HJ. 



SterSng Dra 



Betti Stool 
























Sun Comp 





1 54 



Bg Werner 
Brut Myers 





intend Steal 





Texas ECor 











Texas Inst 









Texas Utts 






In! Paper 

















trvinq Bank 



TRW Inc 



Can Pacific 






UAL Inc 









Unlever NV 






Karr McGee 



Un Carbide 



Central SW 



Kmb'ly Qrk 












Utd Brands 



Chase Man 
























USX Cop 













Clark Equip 



Lucky Sirs 
Man H'rtver 



An Waiter 







Wmor Lmbt 


Coca Cola 






Weas Fargo 












Mama Mid 














Cormwflh Ed 















Cons EfJis 








20 ■ 

Cn Nat Gas 






Cons Power 






Chtri Data 






Comma <9 
CPC Inti 





Mobil Ok 









Morgan J.P. 

















NCR Corp 















Delta Air 





























Norfolk Sth 




































In Pipe 

Ryt Trustee 
Steal Co 











Eastern Air 
Estm Kodak 




Eaton Core 

Emerson B 
Exxon Corp 



Pan Am 










Penney J.C. 









Fad Dpt Sts 









•Em a/ 

: cE»osfdM0> iM kMmoosec ■ teftobtf psaxasov iTr*ec fuootouc 

Training accommodation 
with residential and administrative - 
facilities in 50 acre parkland setting. 

10,000 - 150,000 sq.ft now available. 
Close to the M25. 

Flexible teasing packages by arrangement 
Contact: Richard Sykes 



01-499 0404 

the . ell^transport and 


Warrants to Bearer in 

SS. ^ dividend for 1986. foe cou- 
ponsonaich Warrants will be exhausted. 

ch Warrants in question are:- 

ShaS wSIS nf S "S' numbere d 1 to 447,500 

NOTas 1 291^50 

^wmentioned Share 

completedforora, accompanied by foe talons, should be lodoed 
The listing forms must be completed and qinnwi hv^Swi 
; . : r v. y ,d subject to tte terojffams Sd E k. 1^ 
order, foe new coupon sheets will be issued. The ntw mutitJn 
gieets m respect oftafops received by post wHI be desoatched 

Companv wifl 



9*c£toS,3!* company Secretary 



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The threat to the jewel in 
Mrs Thatcher’s crown 


[COMMENT Kennett^leeM 

Dipping into the $4bn 
sterling fighting fund 

By Rodney Lord 

— Ec onomics Editor 

Lawson t rn?® Ni Sel rise in interest rales is roughly 
dTSA Sf 00 ®? » folio**: - 

conference h ha]?Oiis ff ra o^ Nothing ^ in-foe 
lo & v e his snSrh ,7™JS 11631 economy »nce the last 
Conservative S panv £..£? r** Sj^eptember when ster- 
ence is to cheek 121 fj, f Im g began to come .under 
«“«4Su?5iSta?A i tf PS"" 1 *’. The only new 
probably the mformation is some sign of 

do When he S » W J nioderaiion in paj' settlements 
hotel will be * 10 cannot be bad. Inflation 

The iwSiSLS^*-^ is at its lowest level for several 
hall wittSSS^JP i? e yeaES ^ w expected. to stay 
and they >S5w^r>rS^F 111616 for -some time. Since 
it in ihe both growth and inflation 

either It^n W 0, i,iE? ech have been lower than ex- 
form a dramat^ SSEi? 6 ^ money GDP is below 

to what M^!^? rettf,TOt tar 8 et which « hardly the sign 


match With the markm 7,16 narrow measure of the 

^ Prompt ^£5? to 5° nCy SURp!y * HP 1 K 

Political considerations Not 

the politics of a rise in interest {“S “5 H ^"cally high 
rates just before or dmiirathe £vd^As for sterling, some 
panvconfei»n»_-tw™aS depreciation was both tu- 
be in convergent bt^cSSdS ewtableand desirable afier the 
disastrous — reduction m Britain's net ex- 

seriou™ consideralion 6 oi^iJae 5™!^“ * <*> 

impact of higher rates on pn ^ ^ , , 

mortgages, and so on the retail The effect of exchange rate 
price index. changes on the current ac- 

The reduction in inflation is count is notoriously uncertain 
a prime electoral asset- A rise buT 00 most people’s caJcu la- 
in rates now, depending on thms, the pound at its current 
any further changes in the next tevel ( more than 1 3 per cent 
tew months, might not fell oat tower than al die end of Iasi 
of the vear-on-year rate of J« ar ) has &iien Q uite 
inflation' until November enough to offset over time the 
1987. That could be very effect of lower oil prices, 
inconvenient if the Prime The «i<» against is that 
Minister wanted to call an financial conditions onmost 
election in the spring or of the measures the Govera- 
autumn of next year. ment itself uses are too lax. 



10 , Mr Lawson has to say. 

Mr Uwson’s epic wrestling 
match with the markets has 
De ®. n . Prompted - partly by 
Political considerations. Not 
the politics of a rise in interest 
rates just before or during the 
party conference - that would 
be inconvenient but scarcely 
disastrous — but the more 
serious consideration of the 
impact of higher rates on 
mortgages, and so on the retail 
pnee index. 

The reduction in inflation is 
a prime electoral asset- A rise 
in rates now, depending on 
any tunher changes in the next 
tew months, might not fell oat 
ot the year-on-year rate of 
inflation until November 
1987. That could be very 
inconvenient if the Prime 
Minister wanted to call an 
election in the spring or 
autumn of next year. 

To try to stand in front of Sterling M3 has bon peras- 
the markets like the Little tently outside its target range 

Dutch Boy with his fing er in 
the dike would have been an 
art of folly if the Government 
were not convinced that the 
dike was fundamentally 
sound. The Government's 
case that there is no need for a 

have been lower than ex- money, sich as PSLl and 
pected, money GDP is below PSLi which include building 
target which is hardly the sign soctay deposits, have also 
of an economy overheating. ° een growing last. 

The narrow measure of the In practice, the exchange 
money supply, MO, is within rate has usually been the 
the target range. Real interest determinant of increases in 
rates are at historically high interest rates and that has 
levels. As for sterling, some recently been moving in one 
depreciation was both in- direction. House prices have 
evitable and desirable afier the been rising very rapidly on the 
reduction in Britain's net ex- back of the boom in mortgage 
ports implied by lower oil finance which in the past has 
prices. often been an early indicator 

The effect of exchange rate of inflation. Special factors 
changes on the current ac- m'S* 11 account for ■ some of 
count is notoriously uncertain 111656 movements but can they 
but on most people’s cafcula- accouj11 for all of them? 
lions, the pound at its current Merely setting out these two 

level (more than 13 per cent opposite points of view illus- 
lower than at the end of Iasi trates how flu- removed the 
year) has fallen quite far Government's monetarv pol- 
enough to offset over time the icy is from operating under 
effect of lower oil prices. clear rules. Inter preti ng mone- 

The ft flamg t is that tary conditions is far from 
financial conditions onmost straightforward. Other cotuv- 
of the measures the Govern- 11165 *?° have had great diffi- 
ment itself uses are too lax. cu ity 1D defining their mone- 
Steriing M3 has been pereis- tar y measures, 
tently outside its target range But the Government's poi- 
of 11-1 5 per cent — at 1SV* per icy now seems to have boded 
cent over the year to Septem- down to the message: “Trust 
ber. Pan of this growth may us, our hearts are m the right 
reflect institutional changes place. Inflation has come 
such as the growth of mort- down and that is what 
gage lending by the basks, but matters.” Mr Lawson will 
then the wider measures of have to do a bit better than 

% change National Savings designed to 
Ant-on year reduce capital calls ahead of 
/; V -its the sale of British Gas. 

A There are three more or less 

lM3 J dramatic options. The Gov- 

^ - 12 ernraem could go back to 

feS l " ■ overfunding the borrowing 
SESl requirement which it abau- 

L LSrplI j — . doned a year ago. It could 

-J 6 |, move to a system of monetary 1 
SS& gteh. A T j*. control Or it could join 

tiie exchange rate mechanism 
tiie European Monetary 
y&tmt&Mtis J System. Of these, membership 
5 1986 of the EMS is the least 


In the City any certainty is 
that When he eives hk t™ 1,1311 ““^nainty and 

dilionaJ revi^of ^Sy 

Ersafsj?*" Hou “ 

in a week s time. a ®ectacular agreement it is 

- To do nothing and let difficult to see anything in the 
sterling go on falling is immediate future which is 
scarcely an option. If an likely to give the markets 
increase in interest rates cheer. Unless some clarifica- 
threaiens to bump up the RPI. lion of the Government's 
so will the fan in the pound if commitment -to monetary 

that when he gives his tra- 
ditional review of monetary 
policy at the Mansion House 
in a week's time. 

- To do nothing and let 
sterling go on falling is 
scarcely an option. If an 
increase in interest rates 
threatens to bump up the RPI. 

it goes on much further. 

In bis speech to the Inter- 
national Monetary Fund. Mr 
Lawson said the underlying 
rale of inflation which he pul 
at per cent was set to 
continue at about that rate. 
The basis for this is that the 
fall in the exchange rate has 
roughly been offset by the 
reduction in the price of oil. 
Since then the pound has 
fallen further, so the balance 
has been tipped toward higher 

Meanwhile, the gap between 
money market rates and bank 
base rates will encourage 
round-tripping by traders 
borrowing from the banks and 
re-lending at a profit which 
will swell the money supply 
further. Admittedly, the 
Government's need to sell 
gilts is low al the moment, 
partly because of the recent 
increase in the limits on 

control can be made, it is 
difficult to see how a rise in , 
interest rates can be avoidedL 

Meanwhile, in Bourne- 
mouth, the Chancellor will 
have other things to talk 
about. Sound financial 
management is only one half 
of the Government’s eco- 
nomic prospectus and. despite 
the present difficulties in the 
markets, the one which has 
been most nearly fulfilled. The 
other half is the more difficult 
task of improving the supply 
side of the economy. 

Economic progress depends 
just as much on convincing 
the audience at Bournemouth 
and the wider world of the 
need to abandon well-loved 
restrictive practices, increase 
competition and devolve de- 
cisions on spending back to 
the individual as it does on the 
Chancellor's uneven relation- 
ship with the markets. 

Would Josiah Wedgwood have agreed? 

By Cliff Fehham 

Another great British name 
surrendered Its independence 
yesterday when Wedgwood, 
the fine china and earthenware 
company and die pride of the 
potteries for ahmst 230 years, 
agreed to a £252 nuUkra 
takeover. bid from Waterford 
Glass, whose reputation for 
handcrafted crystals has been 
built over as maiqr years- 

it is no surprise that Wedg- 
wood, bitterly resisting a Md 
from London International 
Group, makers of contras 
ceptives and other robber 
goods and patent of Royal 
Worcester Spode, at present 
under examination by the 
Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission, discovered its 
white knight in the Irish 

If there is any smprise in 
the merger it is that it did not 
happen tong ago. 

Side by side, foe products 
produced from foe ldlns of die 
Midlands and foe factories of 
foe Republic of Ireland, repre- 
sent a world beating combina- 
tion, from the delicate charm 
of a Waterford goblet to foe 
grand dinner service produced 
by Wedgwood. 

It is easy to understand why 
Wedgwood maintained that its 
pedigree and leadership in 
world markets stood nothing 

Paddy Hayes: Valuing Wedgwood (Picture: Alan Weller) 

to gain from London Inter- substantial change in owner- 
national, which joined the ship in 1984, when the Globe 
market less than two years ago Investment Trust bought a key 
with foe purchase of Royal 21 per cent stake from foe 
Worcester Spode. principal shareholders, foe 

While the Monopolies McGrath tamfly. 

Commission reviewed foe im- Globe put in as chief exeo- 
plications of foe share of tiie ntive — and now chairmen — 
British ceramic and tableware Paddy ^ Hayes, foe former 
market, which would be con- m a naging director of Ford 
trolled by LTG if it merged (Ireland) who swept out many 
Royal Worcester with Wedg- ‘capital gobbling businesses 
wood, about 25 other prospeo- bought during the 1970s when 
five buyers approached it was fashionable to diversify. 
Wedgwood with offers for its He has said; “All the profits 
business. made from glass were being 

Waterford was watching poured- away down foe drain 
closely. The company dates by someone else.” 
back to 1783, but its present Waterford still remains 
strategy owes much to a dependent on foe United 

made from glass were being 
poured- away down the drain 
by someone else.” 

dependent c 

States for about half of its 
sales of £112 million a year 
and will provide a boost for 
Wedgwood products, which at 
present represent aboat 32 per 
cent of the £152 million 

The two fine established 
names should easily be able to 
- fight off many of the disr 
counted brands which repre- 
sent the main threat to growth. 

Mr Hayes said yesterday: 
**In foe US our name is 
synonomous with crystal. We 
can sell an item for $100 in the 
US, but only $75 in Europe. 
We want to build op the 
Wedgwood name to foe same 
extent, but that does not mean 
we are going to turn it Into an 
Irish china — we value the 
name and will keep it.” 

But at the same time he is 
kemi to reduce dependence on 
United States sales and is 
turning his sights on European 
markets and the Far East 

In Britain, there is immedi- 
ate advantage in the 150 chain 
of Wedgwood in-store con- 
cessions with his own prod- 
nets, marrying up Waterford's 
own smaller chain of 25 shops 
selling Aynsley China, foe 
business Milch it acquired in 

In Japan, an increasingly 
important area where the more 
prosperous endeavour to mir- 

Amerteans, Wedgwood does 
S6 mfifioa of business a year 
and Waterford none. 

Mr Hayes says: “To get the 
breathnoBgh now offered to us 
would have taken us six years 
on our own.” ■ 

In the past few years many 
famous British names' have 
passed on. Harrods went tothe 
East, Sothebys to foe West, 
T hunhfll is owned by a South 
African, and Fortnom and 
Mason by a Canadian. 

I wonder whether Josiah 
Wedgwood, f wader of the 
dynasty is turning in his grave 
at foe crossing of foe Irish 

Sterling seemed to be dangerously 
close to a free fall yesterday. The gilt 
market, where prices had a sus- 
piciously firm look (offfcal support?), 
and the foreign exchange and money 
markets do not expect either the West 
Germans or Japanese to help the 
Chancellor with interest rates cuts. 

They ' sense that the Bank of 
England may already have used a 
quarter of its $4 billion pre-election 
fighting fund in trying to hold up the 
pound and thus the spirits of the 
Conservative Party, which might 
otherwise have had to swallow a base 
rate rise in conference week. 

Optimism now consists of thinking 
that Nigel Lawson may be able to 
avoid a rise in interest rates by 
accepting devaluation or vice versa. 
At least devaluation would be of the 
least damaging kind: a modest foil 
against the dollar and a foil of more 
than a fifth against the mark and other 
strong EMS currencies this year. The 
dollar accounts for about a quarter of 
ihe trade- weighted sterling index, 
against a half for the EMS currencies. 
Bul in general, competitive gains are 
likely to be concentrated against the 
EMS currencies. 

The comveniional models suggest 
that a 10 per cent devaluation of 
sterling adds 3 per cent to prices after 
about two years. Historv shows that 
devaluation eventually feeds through 
to prices on a one-to-one basis, 
rendering depreciation of the currency- 
useless for improving long-term 
competitiveness, unless continued ad 

A devaluation against our main 
competitors in the goods market at 
least gives a better chance of avoiding 
this leaden circle of decline. There is 
little doubt, for instance, that ICI 
gains a big advantage against German 
chemical rivals. Much the same 
applies to heavy engineering, such as 
electrical generating equipment and 
process plant The car trade with 
Europe should also favour switching 
production to British factories, if 
manufacturers fety the new exchange 
rates were likely to stay. Unfortu- 
nately, this is for from beCog the case. 

The rise in inflation, though mini- 
mized by the present devaluation mix, 
seems more certain. If the underlying 
inflation rate is already about 4 per 
cent, Mr Lawson cannot afford to be 
sanguine about any further infla- 
tionary effects from tiie falling pound. 

TSB - to sell or not 

Tomorrow is the day 3.15 million 
people have been waiting for — the 
start of official dealings in TSB shares 
on tiie stock exchange- Unless 
Armageddon is brought forward, they 
are guaranteed a profit How big a 
profit is uncertain, although in the 
unofficial “grey” market the shares 

may have touched 90p — a paper gain 
of 40p on the price of 50p (half the 
cost) successful applicants for the 
shares have so for had to pul up. The 
more difficult question is when to sell 
in order to take the profiL 

The euphoria has slightly worn off, 
with institutional investors talking 
down the price. But even a more 
modest 80p would yield a gross profit 
of £90 on a 300 share allocation - the 
largest category’ of non-priority 

The crucial question affecting the 
price is whether or not the institutions 
will come piling into the market as 
they did with British Telecom. One 
argument says they will. The TSB is 
an obvious institutional stock: it 
operates in the still highly profitable 
UK banking market, with no exposure 
on the wilder and riskier shores of 
international lending 

On the other hand, the domestic 
banking market is becoming more 
competitive and less profitable. Over 
ihc next year ihe TSB is taking on £ 1 .3 
billion in cash which it must use 
somehow. Initially it will go on 
deposit, dragging down the average 
return on assets from well over 20 per 
cent to around 1 7 per cent for the next 
five years or so. An institutional fund 
manager might reasonably wonder 
w hat the hurry to buy TSB was about. 

The obvious comparisons with TSB 
are the two Scottish clearing banks 
which, though not as large, have the 
same dependence on the domestic 
market. If the shares rise to 7Sp. the 
yield on the proforma 1986 profits 
will be 4.8 per cent, almost exactly the 
current prospective yield on Royal 
Bank of Scotland. If the price goes to 
S5p. the 4.4 per cent yield is virtually 
identical with the prospective yield of 
Bank of Scotland. 

At the issue price, the TSB is being 
sold at a 26 per cent discount to assets 
— more than any other dearer. But on 
a 30p premium the discount starts to 
vanish, although it does not reach the 
preiqium to assets at which the 
Scottish clearers trade. 

If the institutions heed their stock- 
brokers, they are unlikely to buy at 
more than about 85p. If the grey 
market is any indication, that is the 
likely opening price, and it could be 
lower. If the institutions then made a 
lemming-like decision to buy, they 
would temporarily bump the price to 
a level more than its worth. Small 
shareholders should take such an 
opportunity to sell. 

The institutions may, however, 
choose to play a waiting game, lapping 
up other bank stocks instead until the 
second part payment next year weak- 
ens the TSB price, as it did with BT. In 
that situation small investors would 
do just as well to hold on to their TSB 
shares. There are few safer and better 
long term investments available. 

To all Ordinary Shareholders of The Morgan Crucible Company pic (“Morgan Crucible”) 

This announcement is important and requires your immediate attention. If yon are in any doubt about 
this tender offer, please consult your stockbroker, bank manager, solicitor or other professional adviser 


9th OCTOBER 1986 


remains rar foe baying habits of np- 
United market Europeans and 


Eagle Star pays f 30m for City lease 

By Judith Hnntley 

• The Eagle Star Insur- 
ance Company, advised by 
Wea the rail Green & 

Smith, has paid £30 million 
for the head leasehold of 
ihe 62.000 sq ft St Mary Axe 
House, in the City. The 
scheme was developed by 
Moun! Row Develop- 
ments, the joint company be- 
tween Mount Row • 
Properties and Higgs & Hill 

• Prudential Portfolio • 
Managers, part of the 
Prudential Corporation, the 
. insurance company, is 
planning a 900,000 sq ft 
theme shopping park on 
the M25 motorway near 
Orpington, Kent, on Green 
Bell land. 

Retailiim will take up 15 
per cent of he site, which is 
now Hewitts Farm, a pick- 
your-oum fruit and vegetable _ 

• London & Metropolitan 
Estates, the joint company be- 

tween London & Edin- 
burgh Trust and Balfour ' 
Beatty, which is lo come to 
the stock market next month, 
has agreed two -funding 
deals on schemes in Ayr, 
Strathclyde,and Reigate, 
Surrey. L & M is jointly 
developing 1 00,000 sq ft of 
retailing with Cal trust 
Developments, in Ayr. The - 
£21 million Kyle Centre, 
in which Cal trust has a 
minority bolding, has been 
forward funded by Electricity 

L& M and Crty Mer- 
chant Developers have 
funded their 70,000 sq ft 
office scheme in Reigate, with 
the 1C1 Petition Fund. The 
' building has been pre-let to R 
Watson, the firm of ac- 
tuaries at £15 a sq ft, thought 
to be a record for the area. 

• Capital & Counties 
has .been selected as the 
developer of a 390,000 sq ft 
shopping centre in Brom- 
ley. KenL Financial offers 
also accompanied the four 
rival developers’ submissions 


sterling spot AND FORWARD rates 





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Fixed Raie Starting Export Finance 
Scheme IV Average re f erence rata tor 
interest period Sejaemow 3. 1868 id 
O ctober 7, 1986 tndudw 10355 per 


Bell Resources Ltd 

to purchase 14,770,000 Ordinary Shares of 

The Morgan Crucible 
Company pic 

at a maximum price of 320p per share 

Financial Advisers to Bell Resources Ltd (“Bell”) 

Brokers to the Tender Offer 

RoneA Pitman LttL, acting on bebaif ofBefl beret 
Ordinary Share* of25p each of Moxgan QradMe (‘ 
following basis— 

“ibe stated maximum") 
Morgan Crucible, on the 

The maximum price per Sham shall be 320p. All tenders must be expressed in whole pence per Share. 

Unkss tenders in respect of ai lean an aggregate of 89^,895 Shares (representing 1 per cent of the voting rights of Morgan Crucible) art 
received, the Offir shall be void. 

Subject to ihe provisions of paragraph 2 above, all tenders will be irrevocable. 

The tender Oder will close ai 3 .30 pm on Thursday, 16lh October 1986. 

Wherea tender is accepted and resuitt in a sale, settlement will be eflected between The Stock Exchange member finnsconceraed on Monday. 
3rd November, 1986. 

BeB already holds 12.045.000 Shares of Morgan CrudUe (approximaiely 13J per cent) and will hold 29.9 per oral, if it receives the 
iwaviminw amount of Shares now bring offered for. 

If the number of Shares tendered for sale is above the stated m axi m um, the striking price wiD be ihe lowest price at which the number of 


Procetec fin- Temtaring 

8. Shareholders of Morgan Cniribtewhowi^ to tender afl or some of their Shares under this offer at the maximtim price ora lower price can 
do so by contacting ifirir stockbroter or other profcjsioaal adviser. Iniunctionscan be given to stockbrokers bv any means desired. Tenders 
will be held by The Stock Exchange until the Offer doses at 3-30 pm on Thursday. 16th October. 1986. 

Tenders by stockbrokers on bebaif of dienu-and tenders by jobbers must be in sealed envelopes and lodged in accordance with the 
requirements ofThe Rules and Regulations of The Stock Exchange. 

Ftam Intentions at Bell 

9. Bell regards its p rese n t interest in the share capital of Morgan Crucible as a long term strategic investment Consistent with this approach. 
Bell now wishes to increase its interest in a manner which confers.onall shareholders of Morgan Crucible an equal opportunity to realise nQ, 
M pan, of iheir investmaii. should they choose lo do so, oh favourable terms. It is not BdTs present intention to time any general Offer to 
acquire the remaining Ordinary share capital of Morgan -Crucible for at least three months and it has made no decision as to its policy 
thereafter; Bril would, however, reconside r is position in the event of any maierial change of rircumsiances in the next three months 
rnd tiding, for example, ifihe Board of Morgan Crucible were to agree such an ofler on a recommended basis or propose a material corporate 
transaction or tfa third party announces ns intention to make any ofler or render for Ordinary shares of Morgan Crucible. 

buJAi^jGOO 1 iTjlC i Li.vX±-i > X xiU VaJiGoc R b ii>66 


LCP Holdings at new peak on 
Ward White bid speculation 


By Michael Clark and Carol Leonard 

LCP Holdings, the special- 
ist retailer and motor parts 
group, was the main talking 
point after hours yesterday as 
dealers braced themselves for 
a bid today from Ward White, 
the Pavless do-it-younsdf to 
Owen Owen and Zodiac Toys 
stores group. 

LCP shares rose 7p to a new 
peak of I34p amid whispers 
that the ambitious Mr Philip 
Birch, chairman of Ward 
White, had run his slide rule 
over the company and liked 
what he saw. He may have 
already built up a small stake. 

Dealers claim that he is 
likely to offer 1 50p a share as 
an opening shot which would 
value LCP at almost £125 

Earlier -this year Mr Birch 
paid Marley £93 million for 
Payless, which has more than 
lived up to expectations. An- 
alysts have been quick to heap 
praise on Mr Birch for the deal 
and this has led to suggestions 
that he is anxious to repeat 
the feat with a similar 

ward White finished 4p 
lower at 334p. 

There was also talk last- 
night that Mr Tony Berry, 
chairman of the fast-growing 
Blue Arrow, is about to ask. 
shareholders for more money 
to help finance his latest major 
acquisition. We should hear 
soon that the group, which is 
involved in activities from 
employment services to travel 
and industrial cleaning, has 
clinched a major acquisition 
in the United Stales. 

Dealers were speculating 
that the deal could be worth 
more- than £20 million and 
was likeiy to be financed by a 
one-for-three rights issue. Blue 
Arrow joined the Unlisted 
Securities Market in 1984 and 
earlier this year graduated to a 
foil listing. Last year it paid 
neariy £20 million for Brook 
Street Bureau, and it is now 
one of the biggest employment 
agencies in the country with a 
stock market value of £90 
million. Last night Blue Arrow 
finned 2p to 378p. 

British Aerospace was a 
couple of pennies easier at- 
768p despite a bullish 
presentation to City analysts 
ai its military aircraft head- 
quarters at Preston, Lan- 
cashire, yesterday afternoon. 

Since the end of June its 
order book has expanded by 
£400 million. It signed a£l50 

• Jaguar gave up 5p to 
536p despite a rapturous re- 
sponse from the City for its 
new XJ40 car. But the down- 
turn is likely to be short 
lived. Mr Richard Lake, . 
chartist at Savory MUht, 
the broker, rates the shares as 
still a buy and says he sees 
them going op to 600p. M The 
new car is going to be a 
huge success.' 1 ' he says. 

million contract to supply 
eight Harrier jets to India 
yesterday. It expects to receive 
an £850 million order from 
the Ministry of Defence to 
supply Rapier anti-aircraft 





O N » J F M A W: J J A S O 


Three Motdfi Stming 

Dec 86 

Mar 07 

J i*l 37 

Sep 87 

Dec 87 

Mar 88. 

Prevkxa daw's total open tetaast 12160 
Three Month Eurodotar 

One 86 0493 

Mar 87 ... 

Jun 87 


US Treasury Bond 

Dec 86 



Short GH 

Dec 88 




Long OH 

Due 86 


Jiai 87 


Sep 87 — 

FT-SE 100 

Dec 86 . 

Mar 87 - 




High Low 

fliTS 88,32 

89-34 88.10 

89.60 89.31 

89.40 89.20 

89.03 88.90 

88.78 88.55 

Ctosa Eat Voi 

88 03 6072 

89.14 429 

89 35 281 

8923 35 

88.90 19 

88.55 16 

weapons before the end of the 
year and it is negotiating 
another £150 million contract 
to supply the Italian navy with 
eight Hamers.' 

“The presentation was 
impressive and the news on 
the order book very bullish." 
said Wood Mackenzie, the 
broker, who attended the 

The stock market had a dull 
day on low volumes. The FT 
30-share index closed off its 
worst at 1248. 1, down 92. The 
FT-SE 100 share index was 4.5 
lower at 1S87.8. 

Gilts were £% easier in the 
longs and £% easier at the 
shorter end after an active 
day's trading. 

Leading shares were mixed. 
Hawker Siddeley lost lOp to 
433p. GKN 4p to 250p, Blue 
Circle 3p to 553p. 

Grand Metropolitan, the 
hotels and brewing empire, 
ended the day unchanged at 
443p. Laing and Cniickshank. 
the broker, was spotted back 
in the market buying yet more 
stock, and American traders 
were also said to be buying. 

The latest speculation is 
that Philip Morris, the US 
tobacco group, will come in 
with an agreed bid for Grand 
Met once the sale of Liggett 
Myers has gone through, but 
sector watchers have already 
discounted it as wide of the 

Bank of Scotland, which has 
also been tipped as a “buy" by 
chartist Richard Lake, a direc- 

tor of Savory MiJln, the 
broker, went, up 3p to 432p. 
Lloyds also gained 3p to 41 2p 
while Midland lost a couple to 
‘ 537p. 

Mr Robert Holmes A Court, 
the Australian financier, went 
on a £70 million spending 
spree yesterday. He has de- 
cided to top up his holding in 
Standard Chartered and he 

• Elders DEL, the Austra- 
lian brewing grocp with a 
London quote, advanced 8p 
to 211p and further support is 
likely. Australian members 
of the main board lunched 
with British institutional 
investors yesterday at the Sa- 
voy. Elders wants to 
broaden its institmtonal base 
and hopes Hs guests will 
have been persuaded to buy 

instructed Rowe & Pitman, 
the broker, to bid 739p for 3 
million shares (2 per cent) in 
the market 

It takes his total bolding in 
Standard to 10 per cent 
Meanwhile, his own company. 
Bell Resources, is making a 
tender offer for 14.7 million 
shares in Morgan Crucible 
through Rowe & Pitman, the 
broker, at a maximum price of 

This, combined with the 
12.04 million shares BeO al- 
ready owns, will lift his stake 
to 29.9 per cent Morgan 
Crucible responded to the 
news with a jump of 45p to 
31 lp. 

pmvtaosdw-s total op»n imert^23p43 sector watchers have already 12.04 million shares Bell al- 
is H 12 94 14 sao discounted it as wide of the ready owns, will lift his stake 

93^5 93.99 93J22 3i mark. to 29.9 per cent Morgan 

Crarible responded to the 

9628 95-30- 96-ii 3848 also been tipped as a buy^ by news with a jump of 45p to 

9€ ^ 96 ^1 J chartist Richard Lake, a direc- 31 lp. 

Previous day’s total open In teres t 1438 
95-40 9506 95-39 40 

— — 96-39 0 

— — — 0 HntOeaflngs iHt D iU nui LMDectereflon For StttnoS 

— — — _ Od« Oct 17 Jan 8 Jan 19 

Previous day's total open interest 14770 Oct 20 0031 Jan 22 Feb2 

110-14 108-18 11001 10805 Nov 3 Nov 14 Feb 5 Feb 16 

11005 109-25 109-31 11 Cal options were taken at* on: 8710/88 Marti Kataafl Mtoes. Kal Ora. Apptedorw. 

, — — 108-31 0 Readtcut Control Secs, Fbseco Minsep. Johnson Firth Brawn. Amalgamated Rnan- 

— . — — — daL TV-AM. M&G, Morgan GrenM. Atlantic Computers, J. Woodhead. CASE Grot**, 

Prewous day's total open Merest 2589 Premier. Crontto Group. Wacs Group. M&ord Docks. Celtic Haven, Ttarwood Groin, 

162.20 150.10 162.20 357 Stormguard. Ashley tnds_ Gestetner 

— — 16520 o Put 8 Cat Buckleys Brewery, Roly Peck. Rentier. Barrie, 



Consistent growth 
continues with 
half-year results 

Profit before tax 
Earnings per share 

6 months aided 6 months ended P er ce nt a ge 12 months ended 

30th June 1986 30th June 1985 Increase 31st Dec. 1985 

(unaudited) (unaudited) 

£6.936m £3.256m 113% £9.202m 

20.7p 11. Op 88.2% 27.2p 


6 Present indications are that the profits before taxation for the year as a whole 
will be satisfactory to shareholders. A number of substantial institutional 
fundings have been agreed which, allied to strong tenant interest in the 
development programme, should ensure the continued growth in activity and, 
therefore, dividends of your Company. 8 j ohn Beckwith CHAIRMAN 

The story so far 



from leisure pursuits 

Shares of British Benzol, the 
smokeless fuel manufacturer, 
mining and fuel distribution 1 
group, were suspended at 90p 
awaiting completion of its 
latest acquisition, which is in 
effect a reverse takeover, and 
details of another rights issue. 

The group is paying £25 
million for Powerscreen 
Group, a leading manufac- 
turer ami distributor of mobile 
screening equipment used for 

quarrying and mating 

. . To help finance the deal 
British Benzol is issuing 35.71 
million new shares. The group 
is also hoping to raise an extra i 
£2.7 million by offering ' 
shareholder a total of 6.05 : 
million shares at 70 pl : 

Powerscreen makes most of 
its -profits in the Rupublic of 
Ireland and in the two years 
between 1983 and 1985 they 
have risen from £3.4 million 
to £5.7 million on turnover up 
from £14.8 million to £2&2 

Attwoods, the waste dis- 
posal and aggregates supplier, 
firmed, lp to 21 lp. Last year 
the group saw pretax profits 
climb from £S.16 million to 
£7.4 million on turnover £20.9 
million higher at £56.42 

Later this month Mr Fore- 
man will embark on a US 
roadshow to promote the 
group to American fund man- 
agers ahead of a proposed 
quote for the shares on the US 
over-the-counter market 

The stores are already 
quoted in New York in the 
form of Americas Depositary 

There was more misery in 
store for shareholders in Mor- 
gan Grenfell, the merchant 
bank, as the price slipped 
another lOp to a new low of 
370p. Floated at 500p in June, 
the shares now stand at a 130p 
discount to the striking price 
and must be due soon , for a 
rally. But the pre se n t low level 
of Did activity and fears that 
there are still sellers around, 
has done little for confidence. 

Frank G Gates, the Ford 
main dealer, held steady at 
96p after announcing a rise in 
'interim pretax profits from 
£530,000 to £601,000. But the 
market is still looking for a bid 
for the family-con trolled busi- 
ness and this was heightened 
by speculation yesterday that 
a large parcel of shares had 
changed hands outside the 


1984 1985 1983 - 1984 1985 1884 1 g 85 1986 

JkPro forma earnings per share calculated on me basis that Itw net proceeds f3Q0lJune) 

from the fldabon were invested for the whole of the year. ' 

London & Edinburgh Trust PLC 

243 Knightsbridge, London SW7 1DH Telephone: 01-581 1322. 

Given the origins of the Stock 
Exchange, the City cannot 
easily turn its back on. a 
business whichbegan life as a 
coffee bouse. Mecca Leisure 
has come a long way since 
and it now has intsests 
ranging from bingo and 
nightclubs to holidays and 
raierring . 

Statisticians point to the 
increasing leisure time avail- 
able to us- Apparently con- 
sumers are spending a b igger 
proportion of their income 
on leisure activities. The - 
market, said to be worth £52 
bill ion. is growing fester than 
overall consumer spending. 

Leisure fashions may 
change, but this does not 
bother Mecca. It has a prop- 
erty portfolio which is the 
envy of many, and a manage- 
ment team experienced 
enough to maximize the 
potential of the three core 

Since 1979, when the 
management team was put in 
place, there has been a 
continual review of the prop- 
erty portfolio. This has taken 
the form of disposing of low- 
performing assets and 
refurbishing others. This is 
not only ensuring the contin- 
ued loyalty of customers but 
it is providing new 

' Bingo clubs, although a 
sound and uncydical source 
of income, are not normally 
considered to be a growth 
area, the average member 
being a woman aged 55. 
However, after the refurbish- 
ment of several properties, 
the average age fell to. 45, and 
there were even signs that 
men had been on the 
premises. . 

Nearly a third of the space 
in the social clubs is under 
used.- As part of Grand 
Metropolitan, Mecca did not 
have a free hand to use this 
space by creating an inte- 
grated catering-entertain- 
ment operation. Now ft can. 
Pilot schemes demonstrate 
that multi-purpose premises 
enjoy an immediate boost to 

The shares at I35p stand 
on 15 times estimated 1985- 
86 earnings of 9p. This is in 
line with the sector and 
reflects the management’s 
experience and track record. 
Moreover, Mecca is of a size 
to be attractive to the serious 
institutional investor. The 
year 1986-87 will be the first 
full one for the management 


AngSa Secs (115p) 
AKjtejwd (lap) , 

BBB Design (67p) 
Beaverco ( 145 c) 

Breed St I43p) . 
Chetsee Irian (I25p) 
Creighton Labs (130p) 
Euro Home (160p) 

Eve Construction (lP5p) 
Fletcher Dennys (70p) 
Great Southern (I35p) 
Guthrie .Core (l50p) 
Harrmm pSOp) 

Fffia Ergonom (8 20) 

buyout team to demonstrate 
its prowess. Profits should be 
well up - perhaps to £13 
million - as margins con- 
tinue to widen and the in- 
terest charge fells after the 
flotation. ■ . ’ .. 

ft looks as if it will be 
several years before Mecca 
Leisure shows signs of run- 
ning our of steam. 

Higgs and Hill 

Higgs and Hill’s strategy of 

concentrating on 

housebuilding and property, 
while keeping construction 
ticking over, is paying oft 
Interim turnover was up 
72 per cent but taxable 

E rofits rose 19.5 per cent to 
1.6 million, reflecting the 
shift to higher margin busi- 
nesses. The acquisition of 
Southend Estates Group, in 
for the last four months of 
thU year, will mean that more 
than half the group's profits 
come from housebuilding. 

Higgs and Hill is now 
operating out of 30 sites from 
East Anglia to Weston-super- 
Mare. selling homes at an 
average £85,000 to £90,000 

Domestic construction in- 
creased turnover but margins 
remained tight. Overseas 
construction saw a fell in 
turnover after the completion 
of two large contracts. The 
company is exploring new 
opportunities in the Far East 
and Carribean. 

On the property front the 
Parisian letting market 
proved buoyant. Higgs and 
Hill's rental income is ex- 
pected to grow by about 12.5 
per cent this year. 

Full year profits should 
reach £10.5 million. Assum- 
ing tax at 40 per cent the 
prospective p/e ratio is under 
12 on shares down lOp at 

' The full benefits of SEG 
will come through next year 
when profits could exceed 
£15 ntillioh. bringing the 
rating down below 10. For a 
well managed company with 
a strong balance sheet, the 
shares are not expensive. 

Baker Harris 

Baker Harris Saunders is the 
first firm of commercial es- 
tate agents to come to the 
stock market It has made Its 
-name and fortune from the 

booming City of London 
office market where ft 
specializes in letting the large 
office devdopmems*o;much 
in demand from the financial 
conglomerates which have 
flooded in ahead of big bang. 

Rowe & "Pitman, die bro- 
kets to the sale by tender of 
25 per cent of tire firm* have 
set a minimum temder price 
of I50p per share, grvmg the 
agents a market capitaliza- 
tion of £15 milltoife The 
striking price is likely to be at 
least 30p per share above 
that, with the firm; reporting 
strong institutional interest in 
having a stake in whip; i$ a 
healthy profits earner. 

The forecast p/e ratio is 14 
times. It is admfcub figure to 
set allowing for the feci that 
there there are no 
comparables in the market, 
but it looks relatively un- 
demanding The earnings of; 
residential estate agents are of 
little help here. They are 
much shorter term than those 
of commercial Anns which 
may wait five years or more 
to receive commission' from 
£100 million plus commer- 
cial developments. 

Baker Harris Saunders has 
15 to 20 big projects in the 
pipeline which will ensure fee 
income at (east in the me- 
dium term. Pretax profits of 
£1.6 million are forecast for 
the year ending April 30, 
1987 —double those for 1986. 

There has been an average 
annual increase m earnings 
per share of 105 per cent >n 
the past five years with a 
forecast of I0.7p per share for 
the next financial year. 

The problem for Baker 
Harris will be to maintain its 
growth rate either by ac- 
quisition or organically in 
what is a notoriously cyclical 
market The firm is aiming to 
expand its agency operations 
to the West End of London 
and the areas around the 
M25. The '£1.78 million net 
raised by the tender offer will 
be usedfor this. 

It will need to spread 
potentially lumpy profits and 
diversify to cover the risk 
associated with a high expo- 
sure to a current bull market 

One area into which the 
agents will not be diversify! ng 
is the 10 million sq ft j 
financial centre planned in 
London's Docklands at Ca- 
nary Wharf by Mr G Ware 
Travelstead. Baker Harris 
sees it as back-up for the City 
not as a competitor. 


Hughes Food (20p) 

Loral Lon Gp 
MS Cash & C (lOOp) 
Marina Dav (110p) 
Marlborough Tech (110p 
Miter & Santhouae (1® 
Newage Trans (75p) 
Radamec Gp (SOp) 
Sandal Ramins (135e) 
Scot Mtoa 100% *35 
Stanley Leisure (110p) 
Thames TV (190p) 

Treas stnu/i 2016 *97 
Unlock (63pj 
Yefverton (38p) 

Yorkshire TV (12Sp) 

148 44 
283 +2 


Banra Inds N/P 
Boots N/P 
Christy Hunt F/P 
Comtech Fki N/P 
Goodhead Print N/P 
Leisuretime N/P 
New Ct Nat Res F/P 
Ptottgnum N/P 
Thurgar N/P 
TTfcury N/P 

(Issue price in brackets). 































































160 22 29 
180 8 16 





8 9 

12 14 

200 3 9 



26 — 

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4 13 20 11 15 18 

6 12 31 32 33 


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23) 23 34 41 7 10 12 

240 13 23 29 15 17 22 

zoo £9 38 40 
218 17 — - 






















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NOV Fib 

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950 St 95 125 50 64 75 

1000 35 75 100 80 92 100 

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Building Society 







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□taBM 4U 622# 408 088 

European 348 374*- *02 180 

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01-021 0011 

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Natti Anafcai 37M mi 424 088 


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01-688 1818 

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Einmaan Actum BO* 984 +13 1.11 

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061-736 6885 

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Mi bail Ctf* 705 BJ3 

Fm Mam '82.4 888 

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• Ex Kvnmd. c Cum dhdtMHM. k Cun 
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(any two or more at above). ■ Ex a8 (any 
mo or more of dbovo). Dealing or 
valuation days (1) Monday. (2) Tuesday 
(5) Friday. 






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02 87 

3» 220 

83 S3 
113 90 
113 67 
68 37 

125 78 
32 32 

MS 100 

179 149 

91 73 

140 96 

108 133 
82 17 

95 77 

280 180 

180 101 

129 49 

M 54 

95 83 

178 92 
39 9 

11* 101 
308 IBS 
220 123 
88 75 

19 9 

75 13 

185 IX 
390 350 
138 OS 
102 71 
95 SO 
780 380 


395 231 
148 142 
183 IK 
220 130 
47 13 

158 10B 
12* 82 
158 123 

S'r tL 

115 83 
132 125 
387 237 
21 8 
5'r O'; 

20 14 I 

85 75 

77 72 

21 10 
1» 91 
190 45 
185 83 



cnga i 







5-7 2*3 



£1 1 J 


• -2 



*4 152 



• +4 




. 1*3 













13 172 

• .. 


32 174 



*2 .. 






33 172 




33 113 

r -5 



43 *7 



48 113 

7 A 


33 134 






ne 85 


23 13J 

• +10 



£4 213 






33 143 




33 103 









£7 153 







• ■ 


1 1 241 




23.1 12 


.. 1*2 




• .. 




31 174 







43 182 


i 03 




S3 113 


9 .. 



42 83 





3.1 184 



47 153 


3.1 *> 


£1 124 



*2 74 


9 .. 


33 *1 


9 .. 


U 130 




.. 25 4 




84 173 
7.1 1*2 







9 .. 



53 .. 
£5 213 


9 .. 


83 83 


m .. 


43 *2 






• .. 










12 210 


• -T 


32 83 


• -1 


S3 1*7 



.. 25 
172 13 







£2 173 


• .. 


24 1*5 


• .. 



82 . 


AS 12.0 




24 173 




03 887 




47 167 




02 293 



22 27.7 




. » 

32 1*7 


16 223 



34 143 




43 213 



.. 74 


50 84 





33 143 



. . 77 




S3 83 









£4 154 

48 14 

76 33 

37 22 

293 180 
351. 21 
143 86 

255 IM 
79 53 

IM 130 
460 82 

es sa 
53 17 

1*5 80 

148 63 

31 23 
110 103 
200 128 
27 12 

34 28 

116 24 

7* 31 

50 25 

178 115 
2*9 90 

158 78 
M3 93 

n 2 

6‘a 2 
308 IK 
81 80 
43 18 
53 33 

123 BS 
40 12 

105 88 

sz zz 
78 40 

«2 14 

190 70 

87 30 

105 83 

139 112 
128 73 

48 ID 
131 104 

178 110 
IK 120 
133 71 

26 7 

350 171 
355 253’; 
K K-i 
260 IK 
IK 145 
101 90 

173 128 

220 13* 
170 155 
131 M 
39 33 
182 113 
01 II 
99 H 
83 48 
38 20 
89 83 
71 S6 
220 85 

IK 71 

as’* 17 * 

93 SB 
125 10* 
230 175 
250 160 
200 110 
15* 111 
UO 10* 
188 JE> 
14* 75 
365 19* 
209 115 
IK 90 
145 78 1 



JJjnSa* 5 Gen 
OHaH taapee 
Ouema 5 Utu* 
Ownara Abroad 

P*B® Grow 




Potfteai Mertae 
Ftawart in e 
R ron ta pitat 
PTOgHty TM lop 


Raao ca» a - 
teo Clyde 



24 -1 

181 • 



183 +3 


i pong % p/E 

.. .. 43 

23a 73 BL7 

43 13 272 

£1 83 103 

43 33 1*5 

43 *1 113 
83 33133 
*1 23103 


.. .. 32 

*7 23 1*7 
23b £8 503 
17 *1 83 

42 4.1 107 

27 23227 


2 ■?. 

145 +2 


83 #-2 


13 £1 53 
M 10 105 
*4 *7 183 

23 13 11.1 
83 89 107 

Rata Tina Contrt* 
JUeane Motor 

RQ8a a Natan 


Seal HedttMe 

irsr 0 

Share Drug Sm 
SWdon Jonw 
Starwood Comp 


Bhn Bib 
BW Dbmei 

83 -15 


78 +« 

103 +2 

12* +4 

82 -a 




148 • .. 

121 -5 


305 -5 

90 # .. 

2+0 #+*0 

IM +10 

83 ■ 

135 +2 


170 +2 





Swindon Pr Hop 


tds oata 
TMD Mnu 
Tatar Foroa 
Tooii For Qua 
Tel BarTw^ 
TTRnn SdanMe 

98 81 
100 38 
106 61 
110 73 
19 M 
98 88 
191 ISO 
10 4t 
274 164 
*90 96 
90 48 
230 1ST 
220 148 
a 83 
4 4 

158 118 
38 29 

97 » 

60 25 
1044 804 
97 IB 



s asr 



(tat«r (Frank/ 

nm or ubv 



Ytox Moone 
York l Eqwy 

Zygai Byname* 

-- a .. 83 
43 *7173 
M 13 KO 
-. • -. 23 
73 *3143 
aa 0J> .. 
£8 431*2 

. . . . 1*7 

ai ai .. 
a* oj .. 
29 23443 
*1 17 213 

*1 *3 287 

.. .. 13 

43 *4 173 
57 63 93 
43 *1 129 
33 *2224 

82 1.7 193 
23 12 343 

83 73 *2 

4.8 13 2*9 
ss t.s :ao 
03 13 202 
57 82163 

73 43T17 

6.1 32153 

82 *9121 

1.7 42 112 
43 82 82 
.. ..43 

£ * *2 WJ 

87 *7 87 
..*.. 83 

43 44 US 
47 73 m3 

82 3.4 25.1 

23p 23 222 
.. .. se e 

43 73 182 
.. .. 383 

21 13187 
43 12 237 

22 13 63 - 

£4 *1 21.1 

23 23 17.1 
18 82 233 
77 103 73 
43 1J4£S 
*1 12 183 
*1 U2U 

7.1 53 14.1 

83 13 203 

*8 44 t£l 

41 *1 87 
47 34 262 
13 *9 234 

*2 *3 183 

7.8 17 017 
13 24 143 

193 83 63. 
84- 74 123 
280 47 .. 

43 43 13 
202 67 .. 

84 87 113 

13 47 1*8 

23 47 72 
33 8.1 132 
04 23103 
87b S3 122 
33 13 323 
.. .. 4S3 

13 72 143 
22 07 8*1 

1.1 13 527 

72 33 3*8 
33 23 172 
87 88 103 

12 *9 847 

WJ" 84 . 

07 13 43 



































82b 41 









































2.1b 13 

£4b £5 





I7.M BtS 





42& 31 




































* 21 •» 


















60 r» 





























£1 TO 4wtr*0a 87 
96 TP cm « Lon DM 110 
156 TH mtf * Gan 209 
IM 1 ) TR Naftata Rea 1« 
M 25 Nor* Araarta 93 
118 25 tefc BMn 178 
’J?. 2? Acpeny 1T8 
rn Ta3T 103 

IK TH T nntei i in 
138 Temple Bar WB 

w j toj wtton 292 
MO Tlwoo Secured Cap 350 
1ST* Trane Ooee w i c zoi 

’K 2*mh 1*0 

J/ sras^i £ 

36 Vtaw Ins TM 43 

g SSSSrST’*’™" « 

£*££» S 

drt YU 

Cn'ga porta % P/E 

+1 83 34 842 

+1 *3h 57 253 

57 27 48.1 
+1 S3 42 303 

23 £8 472 
+1 14 04 ... 

-1 57 *2 383 

£3 £3483 
+1 *0 83 50 

-1 Mb .51*2*3 

+2 1130 43317 

83 27 504 
42 £9 4*1 

+T» 183 1*8 82 
•+1 *3 83 883 

23b 74193 
• -3 23 UW 

23 23983 
+4 16.1b 43 8*3 




G Vf Joynvaa *nd Co report 
SUGAR (FkamC-Czanaaml 





-J 1542-533 


T? rrT g rg i 


Cash 01540-616.00 

Three Months . 634,00624 So 

Mar . 1664-57 


. 234D-33S 


— S»320 




MwiiMdl ptlCO 

OfScM Turnover Hkom 
nice iu C par nwkic turn 
Sflvtr in ponce por tray ounu 
RuMt Wed* Co. LftL report 

Cash 926.00-927.00 

Three Months . 9*9.00-949.50 

Vol Steady 

Tone 1450 


Now 7X5-73.0 

Oec — 760-75.0 

Jan ^_fl0.7-Unq. 






















109.10 11030 

113.95 1133S 

Seo 10075 wmm) 



th Open Ctese 

110.00 100.70 
12050 119 00 

174.00 16&KJ 

leaso 186.00 

05LOO 8500 

GJU- r wiBW Fu ture* Utf 
report SH) per Index point 
freight Index • 
HighJlow Oes* 
Oct 86 790D-784^) 784.0 

Jan 87 7KL0-784J) 782.0 

Apr 87 — 8325 

Jul 07 745A-738.0 739 A 

Oct 87 045.0-8420 845J) 

Wat 57 lota 
Open mtarBst 2458 

Htab/Low Ckaa 

Nov 06 920JJ-92O0 920-0 

•oc 10 tots 

Open IntanSOX 2S 

Sptx market camyruntaty: 

Tanker Max: 

788J) down 1SJ) on 7/T0/86 


dd - 




5j£ "on outright or* a ,LlL m ^ cbei you 

Equities turn nervous 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began on September 29. Dealings end tomorrow. §Contango day next Monday. Settlement day October 20. 

§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

-foj Pwmany 

M Bearti 



Claims required for 
+32 points 

Claimants shonld ring 025+53272 


La* Ccmpjnj 


d* no 

Pre» Ogo (ms *. PJE 


vkt>Ld- Comte 

GtKS | 

*» YB I 1986 

Ftca Oige pane* *• P|E I Canwriy 

IM Rote*#) HJa Vt* +-1 7.* &7 » 23 

aw 2 BO Rc rfi 9t» « Scot 321 143 UU 

■ «» Sdrodm* *7'. • ISA uni 

M* 418 Start CM 70 +Q 4X4 « £2 

B18 61S IMon «a .. 520 7J87J 

w* Fugo Z72'i •+*« 

SO SO Winns SO 77 2JUJ 


320 2JS BCC 346 

m « as* sj 

W 118 Btafc 122 

MB 133 BOM 133 

585 379 Sowdropa 500 

380 177b Br T#M IK 
HZ 75 8nM)BMR>KM 88 
It Wi BuM VT) 'te lb 

is az cj& a 

380 277 C«li4MMw 311 

■ Lg— ~TT-11 

[i i^caiB Pggi 

■m Bm! 

^frrrTMMBi I ! ■ 11 

*— *t| q g* so 

Bn BB2 

BBm> 71 

tearoom ITS 

Brown ftostow) 830 
BwUm 118 

Botnar' {H P) 152 
Buomood Bw 5CC 
Otflr ptotej 486 
D— nt (J AJ 174 
Oraanrf Wbtoy 1C7 
G MtHtg 258 
ftimruw ais 

asMT- 1 ® 

mwr u pr d on DM 148 


■Mmllaqatn m 
Modnl 257 

SA Brawtrfa 233 
Scot 4 Nn 1*7 

KM 272 

WOtotrod Vlf 248 
□« V 293 

vtos&rodiro 2t3 
W Uml l iyi l IQ S35 

-a «b 

-3 &7 

-1 1 2 
• 49 4i 
-5 WO 

154 . 

v. *i? ■ 

-1 73 , 

84 ) ; 
-3 1045 

.. 2Sft 
+1 20 . 
U . 

ft U) : 
*i &2 : 
43 8.1 I 

43 .. . 

-2 TOft ) 
42 104 ■ 

-6 11.1 • 
S 11.1 . 

-2 KLfl ! 
>3 K7 1 
104 ! 

318 !E3 CvragaBro 218 

243 T7S CAP Gp 190 

57 37 CMvS 49 

225 M9 Do7b%CPF 207 
130 21 CMM im 

352 SOS Coorcro 32! 

34$ 2so a*r &* m 

234 MO OmUM 198 

76 49 DM BM 6! 

T90 147 Onw ISO 

55 a Dtwnum 29 

52 29 Op 'A* 28 

365 382 Dommo. 310 

50 37 Dow»p&Mi 42 

212 120 OMMT 120 

MS 380 ftcww m ron tt5 

35 48 Baarooe M*w 56 

82 42 Bromic RuU> 54 

S 237 EtesUpiXtag 273 

2S5 Ewmtefe 270 

S3 147 Ftrnti Boa 153 

IBS 92 FMMi 102 

81 24 Fpvrord Ttctl <2 

15* OEC 170 

B0 G won at 123 

218 • 

207 -2 

s ?. 

346 •♦! 

137 9.4 134 

u u u 

'10 103 U 184 

107 SJ 10.8 

U) XI u 

♦1 0.1 07 2U 

+3 M 08 U 

•2 BJ 22 17ft 

M19 40 131 

2-1 1.1 84.1 


30 4.1 HB 
11 07 1X0 

U 13 884 
U 8300 
40 74)202 

10 as .. 

11 U 83 

13 57 03 
28 08208 
28 54 109 
4.1 14 81 

08 02117 
18 17 795 
43 8510 
886 02158 
85 Z5145 

5l £015.1 

24 24 174) 

13 24 173 
5-1 33 105 

25 13 Gro ttta w lJ M 20 

80 45 CHW 57 

at Ml c&aatmrroa Rt n 

MB 59 OwMrftaBHB 98 

m i33 omen 270 

640 no CMHkg 580 

M 246 OninH 2S3 

57 29 CMttyHwl 30 

250 132 Orta (CteM) 232 

143 66 CMaOn^m 138 

S2B 380 Cdwiui 410 

2U 141 GJoratOn 2 Q 1 

20b I &HMT« 8 

112 71 COncwitriC 98 

91 M'i Cora Stannary 21 

290 74 COOk (im 220 

570 356 Cattagn 440 

SO 35 Caexn (F) SB 

115 G3'i CnM 88 

<25 331 CMMftat 891 

81 40 CtwtnOtC&K M 

174 121 On FMnbon 146 

224 US Qp« UMt 3Q 

2ir>lin CoanOna 3V» £Ui 

60 32 DSC 54 

315 2B7b DPCE 32S 

m 208 DOOM 2SS 

sy, i7b dST* n*> 

so 48 own 8 MM 88 

273 178 Dotaa A Nome 273 

On Vto 

bnct Cagapami ». P ff 

20 41 

57 34 SJ 103 

H 5J 73 12-1 

98 SO 52 105 

270 *2 184 8.1 1U 

580 .. 2&? 37122 

2S3 -16 73 XI 17.1 

ao ..• .. «2 

230 55 27 5SJ 

138 100 72 05 

m 154 ai .. 

3)1 -1 T.l UlU 

92 Davy 
233 Of Ll Raa 


45 SL 50 

225 M * CdBWJZJS • .. 
ITS JcnacSsM 240 • .. 

as KM> ZT5 

220 Lac ntl garoflcn 228 • .. 

124 Loot* 207 44 

270 uxaa 343 -9 

126 Macro 4 IBS • .. 

183 108 Ate m 

288 207b Carwr 208 • . . 

208 207b amTOmti Cora 
297 213 Mae 
74 52 Anew# 

2Q 125 m twoeea 
580 331 BPfl Mtomn 

211 *4 

451 -2 



Cinemas, TV 


of any aiiras signs 

Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend of £8 ,000 in 
Saturday's newspaper. 


365 284 ftgte Bade 388 
186 114 hSm 144 • 

32 22 BaMypMO Caw 25 

192 12ft S, ICO 4 

as 82 Mr So» 82 

1 0'. 875 BtodtMya MS -ID 

726 528 BMCnk 583 B-3 

275 236 BraadonfOoud m 2S8 •.. 

01 81 BrDnddm 77 

29 16 Brown i JaCkaon 22b «b 

78 37 BrowaM 72 

132 84 Biyam 114 

27 7 Bcrmae * IM.m 8b *1 

158 180 C M tteM) RoOwy ISO 
128 IS CMnanfMOaMorw 105 m*4 

Ol EU Coodwr Orp 12S 0 -3 

580 449 GesMn 514 m-4 

488 298 QMroM 40S -16 

185 124 Cronch (Dnt) 134 
124 84 Da»rGrm4 itt 

137 72 OoaaM0&4 115 • .. 

108 S3 B S» • 108 

S3 75 FM SS 

71 SI Do W SS 

172 SI rttr-J Hag 108 •-« . 

70 54 Hr*n Op 88 • . . 

94 80 GaHoro 92 

131 106 Gk±* 6 DM 0«12ft 

38S 254 (THHW WT 358 

143 M HAT 138 

313 SB NUB* 2B5 -15 

2S8 196 HandMDil 203 -3 

79 43 HnwIan-KifflrT 67 

244 144 Htywtxxl VHMoa 182 4 

643 428 Xgga 4 H® 590 -10 

44 29b Home SMK 42 «... 

196 126 Bttxfc Jocraaa 172 

400 285 JMUISni 440 * 

488 298 Utag 3 343 *-1 

484 288 DO TV 34a «-1 . 

122 78 UwrancaJWaMr) 83 

91 9 UM JFJC5 3 

420 290 uS lBf 388 

KB 138 MgmtfiMi 184 -a 

325 178 Mandm 3Z3 B4-13 

135 101 UaOn 111 B-b 

210 181 llnlwli |JMMr] IBS 

-151 08 U» l H8MM 141 

440 30* MdUptaa (AKrad) 378 5-7 

804 226 McCvvykS 280 *5 

272 171 Mnar bn 22* ‘ -2 

iS i3 iS 4* 

444 306 UONlM (Jotm) 374 -3 

920 798 WWM 825 

213 183 HODkigCBa Brtck 196 

3a ns nuMm zib • . 

110 76 Pncwab Iter 75 

% .3* 


W * y 

m • ■ 

888 440 RMC « -i' 

482 340 RmMM 379 -1 

323 188 Hctantt 388 -8 

101 133b Ro^ly CUM 154>> 

142 87 SMroa & Rahar 12* • .. 

84 TO Scant M 1» -1 

518 342 Tarmac 444 m-4 

3*8 236b T alfcr Wmmr 273 -5 

173 138 TMny Groc*i 155 r 

*38 328 TMH* A Arack) 413 • . 

101 75 7f«* 87 • 

109 130 1MIR 176 

381 195 VhlTOM 331 • 

293 2*6 Wnd m M 

95 58 WantaDfen (T) 01 

204 172 WMaBtta ibo 


113 U 132 
1U A3 14.1 
0.1 a 02 102 

■ Et xsiu 

123 2J 13J 
102 2IM1 
11 3 53 148 
..«.. SO 
107 U U 
4* 7.1 17-5 
358 40115 
300 U 7 3 
148 18 2*0 

18 S3 353 
40 43144 

18 391X1 
25.0 49 05 
•5 2-1 109 
08 87 ip 
08 73193 

12b 23 212 
50 48 20-1 
3ft 3ft lift 
25 If 82 
10 40 »4 

54 52 — 
8ft 7ft 
2ft XI 
7ft 22 

HU 4 ft 
24 OB 
1X1 &5 

154 3ft 

20 48 
7.1 41 

143 13 
107 XI 
107 3.1 

17b XI 
5ft 9ft 
102 2ft 
74 40 
125 10 
54 4ft 
7ft XI 

0.1 ai . . 

1X1 41 12ft 
XI 1ft 18ft 
02 37120 
14 37 .. 
9 l 3 40 20ft 
207 6ft lift 
187 1ft 1X6 
Aft 4714ft 
X0» XI Xft 

184 6ft 73 
20ft 33 140 

155 44 120 
12ft 43102 
04 XI 17.1 
35 2ft 190 
XSb 5ft 1X7 
111 S3 174 
07 47 1X1 
04b 54 lift 

12ft 3ft 152 
lft 1ft tOA 
10ft 57 313 
150 4511ft 
104 3ft 183 
14 1-5 104 

8ft 3ft 12ft 
1ft 1ft 340 

07 05 T7J 

12 1ft 1X2 
5ft 10180 

XI 3ft 10ft 278 130 DnMnfl Smmpnp 273 

18 44 105 23 1 f7 CtoMHwl 21b 

17 14 U 371 100 Optoma 318 

1ft 04 . . HBb 83 Doom Part B8*i 

12.1 50 9ft- -no 80 Oom 83 

17.10 U 574 123 95 Qormolon *« 108 

17J 7ft Bft 150 25 Dwnk 111 

14 02 20ft 97 80 DywUM 80 

154 45 12ft 01 W fto X 88 

14 04 21ft - 

43 1ft 174 I 

071 Oft lift E * K 


45 36b AKZO N/V BHiar 
235 150 MWCOfakM 
428 291 AMftH 
247 MO Aodnr Qnratcft 
156 106 BTP 
111 76b Boar 0800 

132 102 Bk00n> 

188 112 Br»Bt Gmcoo 
MO 37b BrBarart 

136 82 Camtog C#l 

306 3*5 Corfu 
159 135 Co ana Bra. 

180 112 Do V 
23 is Cory (He***) 

183 127 Croda 
131 100 DO DM 
223 1 75 a. * Ewmd 

133 111 Breda 

298 208 ftoHCO4A0Mp 
171 113 Hrfmad gamaa) 
*53 330 MokWKI 
-101’. 721. Hoadnt DMEO 
IN ■ Hoi Uoyd 
. n .734 imp oSb tad 
*10 333 Lacolta 
ill 10 Latpb 
I3*i 11b Norrfc Hydro 
MB in Piyaa 
108 62 Rataira* MdB» 
178 120 Mttrf 
330 218 S WABPg 

ot m WolrfbaraSna^Mro 
153 87 VOMtta Qaoi 

C*5b r-8'i 

2 ii -a -- 

427 42 

nosb 4X 




23 •tfi 
153 -1 

IS • .. 

in -a 

220 +3 

mb -a 

Sa>< +'u 

04 *4 


an •-3 
i p , .. . 
tffl -b 
180 *1 
t06 • .. 

137 • 

253 -1 

.40 -1 


' 71i g a tF». w K 

sS m HwCy 

388 263 LMTMftl 
350 188 SootlV^ 
273 148 TVS N/V 
47b 31 7SW 
288 273 Than*. TV 
170 156b TVAM 
148 104 Umr TV 
156 137 YortnSkt TV 

283 ^ lift 8ft 14ft 

44 +1 2ft 58 6ft 

205 -3 121 Si U 

388 *3 21ft 54 18ft 

335 159 47 lift 

235 .. MX XI lift 

47b +b 2ft 55 13ft 

263 4-2 .. .. .. 

170 -ffi 84 3ft .. 

145 .. 0ft XI 5L5. 

143 *8 XB 52 X7 


Aasar Day 
Am— pam 'A* 


BmO* Uaraaa) 'A' 


5» 3M Jo—tf 




321 191 





235 -1 


173 *3 


S S 43 

is : 






P11* +j 

£290 b +4b 

28 b • - 

171 “I 


32S +2 

ri *r 


475 • _■ 

412 *3 



112 • 

SZ “f 

373 -J 

250 -a 


DIO _ 

1.7 07 
207 4ft 
2ft 54 
13.6 & 
2ift H 
2ft Xt 

206 XO 
34 49 

to 01 
SO 0 43 

1ft 4B 

6ft H 

22.1 92 

2ft 11 

loan « 

1X9 5ft 
33 4ft 
177 15 
12ft 9.1 
24.9 M 
350 XI 
17 5ft 

X6 77 

37.1 Sft 

1X1 32 

276 54 
800 5ft 

l&ftb XO 

Oft 1ft 




r raamw ro 



DO 'A* 

Hmta a mmprr m 
Hrfwa Of Lordoo 

Hama Of Larom 



135 LMCtnpar 

M3 uSSnaBOT 

188 MmkaA Spanoar 
299 MmBtaa (AMO 
409 MdaaBroa 
« NM 

MS Z&'SS-rt 
SB Him uwM- 
as Do V 
31 SAUSroma 
102 Sam* 

23* SMft«NH)*A‘ 

47 Db-fr 
H Santay fAffl 

Xft 54 22-8 
-a £5 14 2X2 


13 43 TU 

-1 13 25 258 

■Mb .. 

-5 10 


-0 59 

• . U 


• .. 1X1 

-a 17J 

• -3 104 

• -! 87 


• 13 . 

-4 43 

■»« 73 

*1 U 

.. lift 

-2 XB 

XI 48 
108 2-5 

14 24 
57 IB 
107 52 

900 XI 
300 , XI 

to 13 
■23 94 
XI 7ft 
1X0 7ft 
5ft XI 
1.1 29 

*4 4ft 

&0 2 ft 

11.1 1 ft 

1X7 45 
6ft 2ft 
XO 20 

ift 23 

1X1 40 





ijiat * maw 

Itaa RoAda 


M 4ft 
8 ft 33 
17 33 
43 Bft 
lift XB 

• .. 7ft 17 916 


32 421X9 

-V 24 14 322 
-4 07 £9 1X9 

168 24 .. 

•4' ZZftb U 137 


398 180 ABBM ™ 

220 t» fttahnroi*) » 

1S2 38 Amt CTO 125 

99 43 Acrica Convene* 36 1 

. {ft 62. AM n 

300 205 AMcComp OO • 

gg 48 taipndrftr ® 

17b 4 AWKBDMC .JS* 

m 145 Am Sac . 171 • 

143 43 170 
2.1 1ft 2£3 
Oft 04 1X2 
XSb 09 08 
. .. 3*6 


74 NB 75 

13 OCMcm 18 

383 OrKMMMnra 530 -2 

ISO P-E totarr a itanal in • . , 
II Macon 25 

11* Pn*tof Hn M STT2S -M 
13 PMt» Lamm N/V CT7 *\ 
ISO P*TO 237 ■ .. 

120 Do -A" UO Vodng 152 • .. 

IK State 178 m-2 

tsb no Aon a nr. 

116 Siaroa c 139 

22 0MM Aiaomattan a 
146 Kc4 Bto 148-3 

0.1 02 303 
03 07 5X8 
200 84 03 

7301X0 103 

319 M8 Caam PHM in 143 47 7ft 

221 156 £0*0 T» 107 59 Tift 

WWW 263 X8 1A14A 

*ob 2»b trow n 27 7.117ft 

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179 • .. 44b 1ft 347 

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299 -4 93 14406 

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198 163 Mate 145 -3 lift 61 94 

318 212 Morgan Oute 911 449 124 XI 17.4 

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216 195 N85U 140 +9 WJJ 7,1 5ft 

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520 140 Fbnttand tad 470 #410 2ft 04 26ft 

14 775 Pbotoftta tttb 4-U 74 Bft 317 

489 311 ternno 4*8 +4 19ft 4ft lift 

n » PMccmr 75 xi 5ft ixi 

385 196 Portal* 280 .. 104 49 lift 

329 215 Poitar CbadBmn 328 #*A 29 Uttn 

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283 1Kb MH 2M -X 

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October 9, 1986. 

> . '.-rftC* 

W hy should a success- 
ful marketing direc- 
tor selling last- 
moving consumer 
goods such as deter- 
gents be any less able at selling 
financial services — or vice versa? 
The answer comes back from 
company after company: “They 
simply wouldn't understand our 

But is this true? The key 
exceptions are finance and person- 
nel directors, who are apparently 
able to switch industries with ease 
while other managers are not 
This, so it is argued, is because 
finance and personnel directors 
are “specialists” while other exec- 
utives are “generalists” whose 
skills depend on knowledge of the 
company and industry. 

Rubbish! Management far from 
being a general discipline, is in feet 
a highly specialist skill in its own 
right which is easily transferable 
from one industry to another. The 
skills and techniques required to 
run a successful manufacturing 
plant for example, are the same as 
those needed in a service com- 
pany. The manager’s job is the 
same — only the product or service 
is different 

Bui many companies are reluc- 
tant to admit this, usually arguing 
that their business is unique and 
insisting, when an executive 
search is being made, on specify- 
ing that the candidate must come 
from within the same industry. 

This, in fret could be seen as an 
admission of frilure by some 
companies who have neglected to 
train up from within their own 
next generation of management 
But it ‘is not necessarily a fruit 
since many smaller companies 
may also not have the resources 
themselves to bring on potential 
new senior managers and chief 

But why does the solution 
always have to be to “poach” 
someone from within the same 
sector? Some of the most success- 
ful appointments in my experi- 
ence have come from managers 
outside our clients’ own in- 
dustries. Often it is only after an 
unsuccessful initial trawl through 
companies operating in the same 
field that we have been able to 
persuade clients to broaden their 
horizons and consider recruiting 
from outside their sector. 

Management is a vital 
specialist skill in its 
own right, transferable 
from one industry 
to another, says 
Michael Webb-Bowen 

When they have done so, more- 
over. they are invariably pleased 
with the results. An executive 
from another industry usually 
brings in a fresh approach to 
problems which may have baffled 
other executives for years. He or 
she will ask the basic question — 
why things are done this way — 
which those within the industry 
have invariably taken for granted. 

Even the much maligned public 
sector corporations have shown 
themselves to be more willing 
than private enterprise in search- 

ing for new talent from outride 
their sectors. Lord King at British 
Airways, Graham Day at British 
Leyiand, and Sir Ian MacGregor 
at British Steel and British Coal all 
came from outside to provide 
their own — and sometimes 
controversial — solutions to prob- 
lems which people inside those 
corporations were perhaps too 
blinkered to see: 

What this suggests, of course, is 
that the private sector must be 
more willing to show flexibility, 
especially in the rapidly changing 
environment in which they must 
operate. The lessons of the past 
couple of decades are too numer- 
ous to be ignored. For example, 
the Japanese challenge to the car 
industry and the virtual elimina- 
tion of domestic motor-cycle 
manufacturing was as much a 
frilure of British management as a 

tribute to the Japanese corporate 

The retail industry in the 1980s 
has also shown that companies 
failing to respond to changing 
market conditions will be replaced 
by others more ready to change: 
The Woohvorth stores, for exam- 
ple. were taken over by a team of 
professional managers rather than 
retailers. In turn, however, the 
changing retail environment 
means that the new Wool worth 
management came under attack 
from the Dixons Group in a 
classic example of how rapid 
change can confront companies. 

But it is the newspaper industry 
which, in the space of a few 
months, has shown just how fast 
change can come upon an industry 
with seemingly entrenched atti- 
tudes and positions. 

For too long, managers in 

newspaper publishing have foiled 
to tackle the core problems of their 
industry or grasp the benefits of 
new technology. Now, managers 
from other industries are being 
brought in by the new media 
entrepreneurs, who are casting off 
the shackles of generations of 
weak management 

Yet corporate optimists who 
expea that such changes are at an 
end are living in a fantasy world. 
The message for the 1990s is that 
change win accelerate rather than 
slow down, with managers having 
to cope with constant change. 

The response from British com- 
panies has been rather disappoint- 
ing. Too often they try to meet 
by reshuffling top manage- 
ment or by seeking a feeling of 
security through mergers or take- 
overs. Change for change’s sake or 
simply hoping that mere' size will 
conquer all are not managerial 
responses designed to help com- 
panies survive in a changing 
work! But a willingness to be 
flexible in bringing in new blood is 
a dear sign that a company has tbe 
will to survive and flourish. 

Such flexibility is most obvi- 
ously required at the present time 
in the City, where the forthcoming 
changes — the so-called "“Big 
Bang" — mean that traditional 
attitudes must change. Marketing 
executives with experience in 
successful “blue chip" fast-mov- 
ing consumer goods companies 

could, in particular, bring in the 
fresh ideas and managerial expa- 
nse that the City quite ctoriy 
needs. We will continue “>P 
City diems to find top ?* ccu £'2 
who will make the transition from 
outside the City. 

Yet if flexibility is to be part of 
the corporate philosophy it has to 
start at the top. Management must 
be found who can contribute a 
wider experience than can be 
gained by spending a lifetime in 
one company or industry. This is 
even more important as the world 
becomes smaller and the compet- 
itive opportunities open up, not 
just in Europe but on a global 

E xecutive search special- 
ists must also play their 
part in finding the right 
people to take advantage 
of these opportunities — 
even if this means departing from 
traditional recruitment 

The key criterion when looking 
for a manager from another 
industry is: will he or she fit m? 
What is looked for is the ability to 
shift gears menially from one. 
sector to another, to exhibit the 
potential to grow into a new job in 
a new industry. For some it is a big 
leap but my experience suggests it 
is one which many managers can 
cope with. 

relarivdy short time — six months 
at the most — to find his way 
around the new company and 
industry. Often it can take a lot 
less time than that. 


After the acclimatization pe- 
riod, however, companies will 
have working for them .sot only a 
high-calibre executive capable of 
analysing problems and defining 
solutions, but also someone who 
may bring a genuinely fresh 
approach to corporate activities. 
Surely that is worth taking the 
slight - but calculated - risk of 
finding new top executives rather 
than bemoaning, the lack of 
management talent available in a 
particular sector. 

; "' r ‘ 

.Companies in the latter years of 
the [980s must realize, that they 
can no longer afford the luxury of 
traditional recruitment policies 
from within their own spheres of 
activity, when « total flexibility 
arising from a changing world is 
the new-nameof the game: 

Michael Webb-Bowen is manag- 
ing director of Webb-Bowen Inter- 
national. - management 
recruitment consultants 

Once chosen, moreover, I find 
that a good manager takes a 

The proportion of Foreign Office 7d 
training scheme recruits who read) 
ambassadorial level after real wast- 
age is taken into account is 85 to 95 
percent, not 8 to 9 per cent, as stated 
in Max Brolly’s article last wet*. The 
error was typographical 

Appointments Phone: 01-481 4481 

Appointments Phone: 01-481 


35 Mew Broad Street, London EC2IV1 1MH 
Tel: 01-588 3576 Telex 887374 

Akeyposftton in start-up situation with prospect s for appo in tmen t to the Board 



LONDON W1 £25,000-£35,000 


On behalf of our clients, we invite a p pfc a flon s from Chartered Accountants, aged 28-35, with at least 3 years* post-quaHtoaflon 
experioice, either wifhfr a financial ms&tutkxi, management consuBanc^ a* internaflonal firm of accountants, and who have a 

practical knowledge of toi ema tkxial securities tracing/accounting systems. The successful Cfflxfafate, reporting to the Managkig 
Directore, wfil develop and Implement computerised ac cou n ti n g systems and be responsible lor the production of m onthly / annual 
accounts. Income statements, dafly portfolio valuations, budgets, payrol, VAT/PAYE and stahdoiy returns. AdcMonal importer* areas 
covered wll be setting up kinds and management contracts with cGents and thee legal adviseis. There wffl be dose fiaison with 
opposite numbers in New York and a Settlements Manager to be moulted fn London. A “shirtsleeves* approach to problem solving, 
quick commercial reflexes and resBience are among th e per sonal quafities we seek for this chalsnging and demanding appointment 
Initial salary negotiable in range £25,000£35,000. AppBcattons in confidence, under reference FCIiariT, to the Managing Dtrector: 

A key position with scope to accrue capital in astefafe part of the Gtrff. 





Appficatiors are invited far the post of Chief Accountant in a major industrial complex situated in an attractive part of the Gulf. 
Cantfidates should be Chartered Accountants, aged 28-32, with a mkiknum at S years post quaifleaton experience in industry. 
Previous overseas experience is not required but a proven track record, good communication skOs and practical experience of 
computerised financial and managemen t cor tir ol systems are essential. The succes sful ca ndidate will be responsible for the 
coordination of the Financial. Treasury and Management Accounting functions combined with the deytodey m anagement of an 
International accounting staff. Key activities wifl be Cash Management Financial Plaining and the orngoteg development of 
management reporting systems. The post win be of particular interest to highly motivated, Chartered Accountants wishing to broaden 
their experience by moving to a key position early In their career. Salary negotiable, circa £27,500 free of local taxes, free family 
accorranodation and utgties, car allowance, health care, provident fund, assistance with childrens' education expenses and air 
passages tor leave and cWkfrens' education. AppScations in strict confidence under reference CA1 16HT, to foe Managing Director 



The Director of Finance and Commercial 
Development is due to retire in February 198Z 
Applications are invited frotrr wei-qualified 
cand id ates with the etperiencetofil this 
key position. 

The Board, with a turnover of some £900 mllion 
per annum, is responsibl e fo rthe marketing, 
production and dWribufion of rtec t rio H ytosome 
1 .6m customers throughout the South of 
Scotland and, in conjunction with the North 
Board, operatesthe Scottish Bectriaty Grid. 
The Drector of Finance and Commerc i al 
Development with his coleague the Director of 
Engineering are respansfole to the Board 
through the Chairman and his Deputy, these 
tour comprising thq Executive 
Man ag ement Team. 

Applicants should have a proven track record in 
financial aidfor commerc ia l fields together with 
adansivB experience in m anagement, 
preferably in a large production aid sales 
orientated business. 

Forlurther Information contact the Chairman, 
South of Scotland Bectriaty Board. Cathcart 
House, Spean Street, Glasgow G444BE 
Telephone 041-637 7177 not later than 
22nd October 1986. 

An excellent opportunity to combine accoraiting and EDPskflls. 





This is a new position which catis for candidates in their earty 20’s, idaafyquafified or finafistACCA/ACMA accountants, with a 
practical knowledge of EDP accounting systems. The successful candidate, reporting to the Management Accountant (an ACA), wffl 
assist in farther developing and implementing the sophisticated management accounting and reporting systems, Raising with the 
in-house Systems Analysts. An immediate project wifl be to produce a Users Manual, in consultation with other depart m e nts and to 
ensue the correct procedures are foflowed. There wH be subsequent responsfcSfy for producing regular aid timely management 
accou n ts. proUt a bWy reporting and variance analysis. Assistance and encouragement wit be given toward s comple tin g accounting 
qualifications in return far an enthusiastic and effective contrtoution to the firm’s continued expansion and systems development 
Initial salary negotiable £12,000-£1 6,000 + contributory pension, free fife assurance, free metical insurance and assistance with 
removal expenses, if necessary. Applications, In strict confidenc e , under reference AMA117rtT, to the Managing Director ALPS. 

35 NEW BROAD STREET, IOHOIEGZM 1«. TaffBOft 01-688 3588 OB 01 -S88357B.THLX: 887374. MX: 01 

3 3E 1 . 1 -f.w-ir ■■r.t d ' JrLA.--!:,- ■ T7 T. L 



Director General 


lb succeed Mr Martin Trowbridge, who retires in 
May 1987. The CIA. is both the Trade and the 
Employers body for the rJwrnlral and allied products 
industries, and is London based. 

• responsibility is for representing members’ 
nationally and interna tionally to governments 
and to die community taking a leading part in 
strategy formulation, and ensuring that the organis- 
ation provides cost effective services to the membership. 

• the REQUIREMENT is for a record of successful 
management on a sizeable scale, adequate knowledge 
of this industry and public relations dolls in dealing 
with the media, Whitehall, and further afield up to a 
high leveL 

• PREFERRED AGF- up Co 53 . Salary negotiable 
about .£ 50 , 000 , with generous pension arrangements. 

Write in complete confidence 
to A. Longland as adviser to the Association. 


i i 

10 HalLm Street, London, WIN 6DJ. Telephone: 01-580 2924 

This Is a new post created by a growing 
dynamic London-based company supplying 
lighting equipment to contract and retail 

It Is an outstanding opportunity for a 
person with experience and skills in sales, 
marketing and in the lighting industry. 

Preferred age range 35—45. Remuneration 
about £ 25,000 plus usual benefits. 

Senior Safety Advisor 

High-Tech Research Laboratories 

For further Information phone John Brown 
on 01-450 3465 or write to the address 
below. Please quote Job Reference 
WBM/30. All contacts are in the strictest 
confidence. Your name will be conveyed to 
our. client only with your express 


3 Victoria Road, Goadcy, LEEDS, LS20 SDH 
(Mtxvmna vtnmq 

East Anglia up to £16,000 

British Telecom's Laboratories at Martlesham in 
East Anglia have o worldwide reputation as a 
centre for advanced Telecommunications 
research and development. 

We now need a Senior Safety Advisor with 
a broad technical background to advise staff at 
afl levels on matters relating to heath and safety. 
Research at this 100 acre site indudes microwave, 
laser and submarine systems, mkro-arcuit design 
and production, and prooessor controlled systems. 

The successful candidate wiH be 
responsible for reviewing new practices and 
processes to establish safe working methods; 
implementing statutory and local inspection 
procedures; investigating accident causes and 
recommending methods for prevention. You wifl 
lead a small speddistfeam of one Safety Advisor 

who has specific responsibility for diemied safety, 
and a Rns fVotedion Manager with responsibility 
for d! aspects of fire precautions, inducing the 
operation of an emergency unit with a two- 
vehide rescue and fire-fighting team. 

To apply you wifl be a graduate (or 
equivalent) m on engmeering or science 
discipline, and have wide experience in the safety 
field - inducting, preferably, a safety orientated 
professond qudification. 

The post is located in a defightful area of 
the East Anglia countryside within easy reodi of 
the lively towns of Ipswich and Cokhestec 

Application forms are available fnom 

Wfendy Berry on FREEFONE 3920, 

British Telecom Research Laboratories, 
Martlesham Heath, Ipswich, Suffolk 1P5 7RE. 






to £18,000 + car 

company setting itself toogLpdirtfa targets for 
the co ming year seeks an energetic, ambitious 
marketeer to handle one of their leading brands 
which enjoys a substantial A and P mend. To 
capitalise on their success to date ana develop 
the brand still further requires a rare blend of 
creative and commercial talents. Your 
strengths should be in strategic planning , NPD 
and an ability to get results in a hands-on’ 
environment. 2/8 years fmeg marketing 
experience essential, knowledge of the grocery 
market an asset 

Hmne counties. Aged. 24-29. 

Please contact TfesBa Nally. 



, London W1&96J or 

tefc 01-488 3531AJ1499 3551 
%, AnwniwefUieMaeBlamNa* 

v 1 -• - _ _ Group of companies. 


Financial Services Bristol 

I Bristol& West is one of the fastest growing building societies with 
170 Brandies, approaching one million customers and assets in 
excess of £2 billion. At our Head Office in central Bristol we are 
seeking a young Economist to join the Corporate Information & 
Analysis Department who will be a graduate with approximately 
3 years business experience in this field. He/she wifi provide an 
interpretation of external factors, be a prime fink with the Buikfing 
Societies Association, and give a technical background tor 
Senior Management and tor external communications of the 
Society. As part of a team dealing with the analysis of information 
flows and market research, the jobholder mil be engaged in 
project work, induding the impact of new legislation. Computer 
literacy and statistleal/econometric skills would be an advantage. 

y ' — "wow tie oat OUKrt/iWgC. 

We are looking tor a self-starter with a fivefy mind and good 
inter-personal skills who has excellent capability in written 


An attractive employment package induding assistance with 
house purchase (after a quafifying period) wifi be offered. 

Please write with full C.V. (to indude current salary) to the 
Personnel Manager, Bristol & West Buikfing Society, POBox27 
Broad Quay, Bristol BS997AX. 

Bristol & West is an equal opportunities employer. 

We are Market Makers in Fully Listed, 
USM and OTC equities and require 


to assist in our expansion. 

If you are looking fora new challenge with 
tremendous opportunities write enclosing CVto 

Box C70 



Hoggett Bowers 

maa * l ^^!-mLcAgDm rjt 7^ cut ^^ €an: ^ ca ^SelecdmiConsuttants 

' ■ UH>5. 2 t»DO*, H&attsrtx. .'ttwncaii. SnOTEJJW UTVMCUf 

Wputer Literate Individuals 

Unleash Your 
Commercial Flair 

HF Financial Services Package 

Our clinm o r , .... ** . 

market H ae i ntemnti rn m i oiganisation, is a 
sen ^s ra ^ J1 y 8”*"^ Bnanoal 

enh a ^^S^/^^* 0< * ucbon °f new taodwas and tiro 

“twduction of new products and ti 
rf e3dstia 8 services thronghthe !■»»«* 
chaUenoSl ***** 2?" P 10 ^** 811 8 munb« of exciting mid 
The sSrSJH? to rewai ding. career opportunities, 

aimed ^^?andi dates will evaluate and develop projects 

OT prafitaWe financial 

^SefS idiD ! i ?P KTOd 

computerifl^and systems orientated 
resm.JS^lhi? 6 ^ 11 ^ 8 s mafl team and co-ordinating various 
^i e m 8 aE dsation 1 yon will nead-to influence 
PTOditm 3 ?^ ran aufactunas with regard to new systems and 
Pjgwta a. Co ntnfafipp to possible bnsinefiB development will 
require keeping np to data with relevant technology and 

aeeds - There wffl be opportuKfor ' 
^arolboth within the UK and abroad. 

cJZS Si < 8S?23 B “ to *“ te £® “** as.&W*®?? as 




. House Looked, isa unique, Chy company wttxn 
■ provides a clearing and guaranteeing service to 
futures and options markets in Lend cm and 
overseas and has established a pre-eminent 
' pnsirtnn i n jm fifM. 1 

Additionally, dir enmpany offers highly successful 
computer-based client accounting services; an 
activity of the company which is currently 
expanding, offering new career opportunities. 
Yon will be required id identify prospective 
customers, to understand their business needs 
and to demonstrate how ICCITs systems can be 
beneficial to users. You will also mam^ m regular 
liaison with rxkring customers, en suring flexi- 
bility of systems as accessary. A c ontinual 
a w ar e n ess of new Exchange requirements and 
procedures will be necessary, together with the 
need to keep abreast of new develop men ts in ihc 
computer service areas. 

mtaVse^ °usin«is related subject and/or a professional 
quauncation. At least two years post graduate experience Is 
^d individuals will certamlybe capabWrf^teral 

Exceptional opportunities exist for advancement throughout 

includes, astartingsalary from £13.875. low exist mortgage 

which requires the personal qualities 10 com- 
municate effectively at all levels, together with 
an app r eciation erf computer systems and the 
ability to resolve complex problems. Mammy of 

outlook i; of over-tiding importance. You may 
have gained your experience m a broking 
environ ment, a software bouse or bureau. 
Experience of unao-compuias would be nsduL 
Salary cJ36,000 plus a compre hensiv e benefits 
package including bums, free PPP, S weeks’ 
holiday , noo-coninbiiTorv pension, an immwtia,,- 
mortgage subsidy, staff loans, inr-free season 
ticket loam and LVs. 

opportunities ialuxancialsemces - defined 

= ; l apex, d’pekSf Coopers & JLybrand Associates, one of the UK's 
leading financial and ua&oagement consultancies, is looking for 
.experienoki^ professionals tdbrmgspecialist skills to the challenging 
- fidd of fii^ciai seryic^oon^ 

vf ' advice, advice, n»_ outstanding. What our clients require on how to 
<■ ^ and profitability in the financial services 

v.yf '' .'sector^ tohanis, msmanceeompasies, building societies, securities 
- ■ dioiises, inves tnient manage meat companies and pension funds. 

■ a-ptmt’mmz, xl a number of. Ranging from 
. '^/•^;buja3aess" Strategy- appraisals and formulation to design and 

Male or female candidatM should submit • in a 

comprehensive c.v. or telephone for a Rnsonal History fiaim to 
4£ TCCa /fen, H oggett Bowers pic. Bank Home. 100 Quean 
Street. SHEFFIELD. Si 2DW.WAI 731241 quoting 
Kef: 40017 /TT. 

ticket loam and LVs. 

Please terne in stria confidence, quoting rtf. 359, to 
Douglas Allans, as adtnser to the company. 

Management & Recxuhmeni 
ntJ A Consultants, 

I 711 /1 19 Britton Street. 

London EClM SNQ. 
ASSPOAIES UP. Tel: (01) 250 0003. 


The UK Co mm i t l aa tor UMCEF. on In dependent raglitred 
etiadb. repr —e nt* toe United Hadone' CMWnm's Fend, the 
worttfs leading de oe kyoMarte pd reftafegucy in the field of 

Applications are invited tar die post ofc ■ 




e £26,000 + Car 


► The corporate television/video hduriiy has grownlo£200rriinthe 
past 4 years. Marke! growlh w* continue as companies incteasingly 
experience trie median's unique beneffc in the promotion of 
products and services, statt training and corporate, employee and 
shareholder axTimunicatkins. 

► Aspen Television, part of the Aspen Cfornffxjnications PLC Group, has 
an impressive profit record and is a leading speriaist producer of video 
ptegrammes tor many bkte drip di^ comparer 

We seek candidates with the obfltty to prepare and Implement a 
development plan mBwi the MMftands Region lor the expansion 
ot sales of UNICEF cants and grits. 

The successful eanefidata will have a prawn sales raconi and in 
addnon wll need a fiw tor racrutmg and mooretrig an exten- 
sne netwok of volunteer sales agents. There is a further 
requirement n manage a retea outlet and to engage In dead 
settng to the corporata near. 

He/she wW probably bo in {he age range SW5. 

We offer an attractive salary package ap pro priate to the poet ■ 
For hill Mars of the post end an appfcaUon form, please 

■^V uciivityf . ack-rtiD-U-ee,. nr consulting services including: strategy 
. . appraisai, market surveys,, product management, information and 

.. /performance measurement, capital allocation and risk management, 

. .. ^treasury management IT, computer systems and security. 

' ambitious, am-bish os, adj. professionals who axe business 
' ; orientated and efficient, to help all levels of senior management in 
the UK. and Europe: You will review and assess organisation 
\ operations, information and systems needs in a rapidly changing 
* : : environinent. 

y-".-; azx^ple, am"pl v adj. qualifications: graduate status with a further 
> business qualification in most instances. You will have an impressive 
: career path in accountancy, marketing, computing, insurance or. 
. . . " hanking. 

!’ Attributes, at-rib-ewts*, n. you will have an outgoing, strong and 
: - , : ambitious personality, with excellent communication skills, and the 
i . ; . ability to deal with: all levels of management. 

’•Y adventure, ad-pen’chor, n. sense of. To cope with unusual and 
; ^exciting challenges.' 

• " an^^ty^C7i -a £20 - 40,000 per annum, plus car, according to 
j> ^ .^V^xperiaice^ and appqiataient .level. 

n. send a full career resume, plus 

reference TOl/31 to Murray 

► Aspen Television is commSfed to developing specialist businesses in a 
number of areas where there tsa need tor broadcast quafily mateling, 
training and infamalion programmes. 

Uiephone or unite to Ch«» Suiting. DmloniiMBt Officer, UM- 
CEF. K, Lioealn'v tan Ftaldm. London. WCSA 3ML Trtuphom 

01*405 5582. 

posing dun tor s p pfic H o ns i 1st Nwrtinr 1888. 


► ^^ekxDkrig for tvvo business dewfapmentprofessonate to - 
speahead the company’s expanaor Into the defence foduslry sBid into 
the financial services sector As wefl as possessng a detaled spedafist 
knowledge of oneaf these sectors you w* relish foeopportu% of 


► h leans of your personal quaWes, you wi be wefl educated, artkailate 
and setf-moforated withthe abity to write and present effective 
proposals, tounw! also weicomedose involwefnent wilh clients and w8h 
Aspen Teleyiaon's creative teem. 

► In addition to the challenges and opportunffies of working wfthh a test 
growing public company you wi receive a highly attractive remirieration 
package and a company cat 

► Write, in complete confidence, to Jessica Cowefl, 

(Aa Equal Opportunity Employer) 


•.„•./■ : / : '' . 

'• . . » • ; - : ■ . . 

/. :> v v.: ^ 

--ry‘ * *? V 

, r: • ' •• 

£36,393 to £40,029 p-a- 

Aspen Television Ltd., Aspen House 
1 Gayford Road. London W129BY 



Graduate Recruitment 

and RR. Executive 


A major firm ofOtysofidtors. with an International practice, 
requires a self-motivated executive: The role will be to assist and 
guide the f^irtnership in the recruftmeTtof graduates of all r . | 
disciplines and generally in the area of public relations. 

Apart from helping to improve contacts with the Press, this 
will involve some work of an administrative nature, such as 
coordinating recruitment and other advertising, organising 
presentations and receptions, etc. - 

In the long term it is the intention thatthereshould be some involM?- 
ment in training within the firm. 

It is expected that the successful applicant will be a graduate, 
aged 35-45, with some experience in Rfc* speaking in pubBc and 
the personality to prqject the firm's image to, among others, under- 
graduates. academics and senior executives of public companies 
of various nationalities. 

The position is a new one. which calls for tact and diplomacy and 
will carry Partner status. 

In addition to an attractive salary benefits will indude non- 
contributory pension scheme, life and accident insurance. BUM 

and a house purchase scheme. forward a copy of your CV [not more than two pages) in 
^ first instance and in confidence, to J. Beach, Account Director 
[Ref. 3 SS/MCB). 

1 Tlw Ccunal wiriias to recrutt a successor to the present 1 
Chief Executive who wM retire in May next year. 

Appficstions are Invited from persons with considerable 
experience at a senior lever in a large organisation, not 
necessarily a local authority. 

No specific pro f ess i onal q unifications are prescribed. 
The Chief Executive leads the Chief Officers Manage- 
ment Teem but currently is free from departmental 

Further details and application form for the post may be 
obtained from: 



Radio Clwyd 

Chief Executive, 

S h ropshire County CouneB, 
The Stfiretal, 

Abbey Fbragete, ‘ 
Shrewsbury, . 

SY2 6ND 

OBB sag 

(0743) 252006 

App fi c afl o n forms must be returned 
no tater than 27th October. 

We are an equal 
opportunities employer 

Based at Radio Clwyd in Mold, the county town of Clwyd, which 
broadcasts some eight hours a week to the county as an opt-out 
from Radio wales. 

You wW be involved in initiating, developing, producing and 
presenting packages and programmes of news, current affairs 
and of a general nature for both BBC Ra fio Wales and Clwyd. 

Joumafistic experience is essential plus sound editorial 
judgement, the ability to come up with and execute good 
programme ideas and a good microphone voice. Experience in 
BBC local or independent local radio would be an advantage, 
whilst knowledge of North, particularly North East Wales, is 

This posts offered asaone year contract which may be 
extended to two years. Salary range £10,412— £16,934 p.a. 

Contact us rmmediateiy for application form (quote ref. 

2571 /T and enclose BBC Appointments, 

London WI A 1AA. TeL 01-9275799. 

Completed application forms should be returned by 
13th October 1986. 


Assistant Controller 

-mid/late 20’s 



to £22,000 + car 

Surrey/Hants Border 

Join a dynamic fait growing company — take fufl responsibility for 
upgrading and dovatapkig corporata soles functions — Head the 
National Sales Network — Manage National Kay Accounts. 

Our CHent: The principal UK subsidiary of an extremetv successful 
_ end fast growing British PLC — Major Interests in the UK and USA — 
'Provides Specialised vehicle services to the Retail and 
Manufacturing Motor Industry and Fleet Operators throughout its 
UK network. 

VGEH ufatesbiMholrmluL 

BO. Sox 275. 63 Sr Martin's Lane. London WCZN4IX 

Your Rota: Motivate and control a Nationwide Sales Force • Handle 
key accounts • Set and monitor performance • Develop Improved 
sales methodsand direct sales activity • Report directly to theSales 
& MarketingOirector, with whom you will work closely In the further 
developments of the business. 

The Ideal Candidate: An Bccofflptistiftd Sales and Marketing 
Executive, aged 28 to 40 years, with 5-plua years experience In a 
Service Industry, selling to industrial and commercial customers. A 
knowledge of vehicle and capital plant markets would be helpful. 

R e mu ne rat i on: An excellent baric salary commensurate with the 
senior executive status of this appointment + company car + 
pension scheme + BJJRA and the other usual large company fringe 

This is an exceptional opportunity to acquire direct exposure to the decision- 
making processes of running a successful business. Our clients have a EIDm 
turnover with rising profitability in a "technical sales" market and are part of a 
substantial international organisation. With routine procedures well in place 
and fully computerised, the Assistant Controller will concentrate on Interpret- 
ing information to analyse performance and identify trends, risks and 
opportunities for a receptive, financially-minded management In particular 
he/she wifl work with the M.D. on the enhancement of the existing M.I.S. to 
improve the planning and control processes. The emphasis is therefore on a 
business-minded approach from a young qualified accountant who has had 
some exposure to a commercial/industrial environment. Ref; 1630/TT. Send 
c.v. (with telephone numbers) or write or phone for an abdication form to 
R.A. Phillips, ACIS, FCI1, 2-5 Old Bond Street, London wiX 3TB. Tel: 01-493 
0156 (24 hours). 



Selection Consultants 

Mustbe capable of 

a j riff roois. 

^ O demanding, M-time task that requiresa 

spoial person capable of' writing, organising 
and speaking at meetings ai all levels. ‘ 
Experience of presentation, design and 
print is desirable but not as important as # 
v resourcefulness, imagiiiationaiida germme 

desire tq,help frail or physically disabled 
people. Thischarity offers splendid working 
ifiNg conditions, fan secretarial support and an 
SnrP^ attractive salary 

lfvou believe thai you have these qualities 
\ send for details to The DirecK* Royal 
L *1 Sulcal Aid Society 47 Great Russell 

/ Stsvei LONDON WC1B3PA . 

WQ' or telephone 01-637 4S77. 


I Patron- HRH Duchess of Gloucester, j 

ACT NOWI Tate phone the company’s advisor. Ian Ham Iron 
BSc. MBA of Merton Associates on 01-388 2051 or 
01-388 2055 (Night Service). Quota Rat 1035 


14 Centres Nationwide 




* major intrcnational service organisarion based in Cencnd London 
xxrequires a bright alert graduate wiifa formal work expanence who is 
capable of underaking logistical planning in a fast moving people 
orieotaied environment. This position wOl appeal to diose who are . 

i j - i i:i J 

analytical thinkers, are good comxnunicawrs and who like people and 
oressure. Aee 23-3Q years. Excdlent benefits and workine conditions. 

pressure. Age 23-30 years. Excdlent benefits and working conditions. 

& Associates 

Rfcrmnnect Conaihants 130 Regent Sow, London WIR 5FE 

^iMfiotiaUe salary and benefits padage 

If inn are currently working in a fast moving 
commercial or professional environment, then 
Law Personnel, have an opportunity for you to 
develnpyourtalent in theselectionand ' 
introduction oflegal person nel. 

Aged up to40.some kind of Legal background 
and with a sharp organised mind should be a 

good communicator and have the confidence in 
dealing with clients and candidates atall levels 
within the legal profession. 

An excellent remuneration package, 
negotiahiedependingon ageand experience, 

Fur further information please telephone, in 
strict confidence. Mack Oinshaw. to discuss a 
bright future with Law Personnel. 


CnH nurralidc In ,ha Ion-, I 

Staff speculiss io the legal profession worldwide. 
95AKlwycti. London WC284JF 01-2421281 
ewnmos 19-100(0101-2045819 

°p imm business Schooi, 

1 rsaraii Meaumnes t 



Chief executive 

Sevenoaks District Council 

Salary £30,000 plus - with car 

In the last five years, Sevenoaks District Council has undertaken some 
major changes. Whilst improving its services to the public, it has cut the 
number of employees by 25%, made maximum use of competitive outside 
services, ensured that operations such as leisure centres and swimming 
pools are commercially run and made considerable progress in conducting 
its business efficiently by the better use of computers and other modem 
management methods. Sevenoaks District is in an attractive situation, 
surrounded by very pleasant countryside and yet on the outer fringes of 
major London Boroughs. The Council functions from brand new* purpose 
built offices, situated dose to Sevenoaks Town Centre. 

Due to retirement Sevenoaks now seeks a new Chief Executive, who win 
bring to the Council strong leadership and management, to enable it to 
continue its progress, whilst at the same time consolidating its good work 
to date. The Chief Executive has particular responsibilities and receives 
high level support for finance and legal matters, and has four departmental 
chief officers reporting direct to him. The number of employees is 
approximately 500. 

The ideal candidate will have extensive Local Government knowledge or 
direct experience and will have managed a large, complex operation of at 
least a similar size. A legal or financial qualification is not necessary; but 
candidates are likely to have a degree and will probably have a post 
graduate business qualification. 

Terms and conditions of service indude a car, assistance with relocation 
and normal Local Government benefits. 

Please apply in confidence to Gregory T M Hinds, Ref. HT585. 





Coopers & Lybrand 
Executive Selection Limited 

Shelley House 3 Noble Street 
London EC2V7DQ 



Salary to £27K plus car 

We are one of the leading 
international consultancies. We are 
now looking for a small number of 
senior consultants to join our Large 
Systems Group, to support and 
increase our growing private and 
public sector diene base requiring 
advice and project support in the 
area of structured methodologies. 

For these positions, successful 
candidates will have: 

— an honours degree, or 
professional qualification 
— substantial experience in the 
development and implementation 
of computer systems on mini and/ 
or main-frame computers, to 
indude: two years related to the 
UK public sector, or two years 

SS ADM experience 
— proven project management 

We continue to grow, and can 
offer outstanding opportunities to 
broaden your experience in a wide 
variety of industries and to work with 
stimulating colleagues from a 
number of disciplines. Promotion 
prospects are excellent within Peat 
Marwick for those wishing to pursue 
a career in consultancy. 

If you are interested in joining us 
and are based in the U.fC, please 
write in confidence endosing a brief 
summary of your qualifications and 
experience with remuneration 
history, to David Todd. 

I a 



Peat, Marwick, Mitchell &. Co., Management Consultants, 
1 Puddle Dock, Blackfriars, London EC4V 3PD. 

Market Research & 
Industry Analysts 

S y stems/T elecomms 

Our clients are major IT vendors and users 
worldwide. They expect timely, original, in- 
depth analysis of trends in information 
systems and telecommmunications. To 
help us serve them, you should be: 

an excellent writer; 
a confident public speaker; 
war-informed of trends in OA. DP, 
CIM, and/or telecomms; 
analytically and strategically minded. 

Multilingual abilities are a plus. Salary com- 
mensurate with experience ca. £13 k. 
Open opportunities for advance) 

Open opportunities for advancement 
C.V. to: 


Yankee Group 

Are you earning £20,000— £100,000 pja. 
and seeking a new job? 

Connaught’s discreet and successful Execu- 
tive Marketing Programme provides profes- 
sional excellence in helping you to identify 
those unadvertised vacancies. 

Contact us for a free and confidential 
meeting to assess if we can help you. if you 
are currently abroad ask for our Executive 
Expat Service. 

01-7343879 {24 hours) 


The Old Free School, George Street, 
Watford. Herts. WD1 8BX 





We require Managers, Chefs, Bar staff, Kitchen 
Assistants, Domestic staff. Ski Counsellors and 
General Maintenance Staff. Positions available 
from December to April. 

For details contact Ruth Kemeys 


Grosvenor Hall, Bolnore Road 
Haywards Heath, RH16 4BX 
Telephone: 0444 457414 

Whitehead Mann is a leading British-owned 
international executive search consultancy. 
Continuing growth demands the appointment 
of a lively. imelligenL commercially aware 
research consultam/trainee headhunter. He/ 
she must be a self-starter, willing to take early 
responsibility and able to enjoy the pressures 
of a fast-moving, demanding work environ- 
ment Preferred age 23/28; graduate. 

Please write with full details to: 

Sara Attwood, Whitehead Mann Limited, 
44 Welbeck Street, London W1M 7HF, 
telephone 01-935 8978. 


Serb .vaunt and duamx manager la tmadlc its Mali London 
pflkr and manag* a small team. 

The Job inwrfvcK- 

Orcjn»uV inromiflR traffic, croups and individuals lor (tap. 
2 day> lu 3 weeks 

Orpiminc inugoing croup lave) to France 
- FturW Firnch'asdl Etudiafa nqubed 
KoowWcf of use of rarapotcra 
• Bin Kspnl 0‘iirnuiniUuB 
■ Salary Il.iWM PA 

Apply m writing with C.V. sod photo ur 


A leading (inn of Cits Saikkors arc seeking a Spanish 

speaking graduate. »bo would ideally be a lawyer. The pri- 
mary qualification is. however, that the successful applicant 
mU be able to translate fion and ux 2nd undeswd ‘South 
American' Spanish. 

The appointment will be Tor up to one year, commend ng late 
Ihfti. Although based m London ibe appointee must be 
prepared to travel to North and Sooth America and Europe. 

The salary win be negotiable, based an age and experience. 
The successful applicant will cojoj all the benefits of working 
for a large commercial practice. 

Please apply to Box F82, enclosing a curriculum ritne. 
Interviews wfll be behl to October/Nprember 1986 in 



Requires an 




Tdeally the successful applicant wQl be aged 
between 25 to 35, an enthusiastic self- 
motivator preferably with proven sales 
experience although this need not be in the 
field of media advertising. A high standard of 
education is also required. As the position 
entails meeting people at senior level a 
professionalism in communicative skills is 


Salary will be commensurate with age and 
experience and a company car will be 

Please write at the earliest opportunity UK 

John Ladbrook 

Advertisement Manager 
The Times Educational Supplement 
Priory House, St John’s Lane 
London EC1M 4BX. 

Baring Securities limited 




One of London’s leading Warrant 
Trading Houses seeks both Senior and 
Junior staff for their expanding Stock 
Reconciliation Department. Successful 
applicants will be offered a highly 
competitive salary plus generous 
discretionary bonus. 

Please apply in writing with full c.v. w 

Neil R. Andrews, Esq., 
Baring Securities Limited, 
Holland House, 

1/4 Bury Street, 
London. EC3A 5DY 


The International Marketing division of 
Cotton Incorporated has an opening in hs 
London office for a person qualified and 
experienced in textile technology and/or 
Marketing. This office provides a wide 
range of technical and business services to 
textiles companies in Western Europe, in 
support of the sale of U.S. cotton. The suc- 
cessful candidate will travel extensively, 
communicate knowledgeably and well at 
top and middle management levels, and co- 
ordinate with professional -staff at the 
company’s New York bead quarters, and hs 
U.S.iechnical centre, to provide these 

Salary £20,000 plus; preferred age range 
35 to 50. 

Candidates should apply in writing, includ- 
ing a comprehensive C.V., to: 
Director-Eorope, International Marketing, 
Cotton Incorporated, 

94 Mount Street, London W1Y 5HG. 


nqMTting to the Director we need a self-moti- 
vated individual who h literate and articulate 
with a sound of manufacturing 

industry in the smaB/meAim sized sector. 
Duties wiD include: 

Monitoring and necessary foflbw-un action 
on National, EC and In t e rn a t ional legisla- 
tion. restrictions and other impediments to 
free trade. 

A w orkin g knowledge of tariffs, quotas, 
national rad international Customs proce- 
dures, CITES and commodity contracts 

Preparing state of trade and other market 
reports, including certain statistical 

We are s 

someone with. a logical and 
preferably a graduate, envis- 

be an aset. 

Please said a CV to the Director, 
British Leather Confede r ation. 
Leather Trade Boose, Kings Park Road, 
Moulton Park, Northampton NN3 UD. 

(jn Chari 



' v. There’s more 
to working for a 

Charity Recruitment is a new recruitment 
service set upto make Iteaslerforyoutofind 
jobs in voluntary organisations and 
charities. We are interested in a wide range 
of specialisations, particularly within 
Housing, Accoun t ancy Book-Keeping, 
SecreiarM and Fundraising. AB you need 
to do is register with us and when a suitable 
job conies up you will automatically be 

Forfurtherdetailsof this free service, please 
fill in the coupon and return it to: Charity 
Recruitment, 12 Ravensboume Gardena, 
London W138EW. Tel: 01-991 0094. 

Join A Growth Industry 
Logistics Strategy Consulting 

A.T Kearney is a US-based management consultancy. It is probably the leading 

to wSte in its fieid wrth a reputation for foe 

advice on logistics and physical distribution. The work is done by people with 
practical exjSLe of foe^radonal issues involved and a proven record of 
leading or helping companies to make profitable changes. 

We need a number of really first-class people to join our team. They should have 
all or most of the following attributes:- 

• A good academic background, with at least one degree or prime 
professional qualification. 

• Practical experience of the operational issues of physical distribution, such 
as warehousing and transport, and the application of industrial engineering 

• An understanding of the total logistics concept, with experience of how 

oosfc behave and how to measure them in a dynamic environment. 

• A strong bias towards materials management, with practice in using 
modem computer-aided techniques. 

• Great energy and a strong urge to perform wefl and grow fest in 
responsibility and reward. 

A.T. Kearney is looking for truly outstanding people, probably aged 2S-40 and 
with some previous experience of consulting. They will be fitted into our team 
wherever their strengths make it appropriate. 

If you meet our exacting requirements, the remuneration package should not be a 
problem. If you would like to link your success with ours, please contact 

dye Hodson, Director, A.T. Kearney Limited, 

134 Piccadilly, London W1V9FJ. Telephone 01-499 7181. 



oC8300 + Benefits 

Ve He uufarsandabty proud of our reparation u an inn ovat i ve health insurer. Over a million people now enjoy 
the flexibility of our schemes and know the high quality of the service which we provide. In order u maintain our 
potnhwi as the man progres si ve private health insurer we are keen to develop notations trainees with manage- 
ment potential in key areas of our based in Tunbridge Wells. 

We are looking for career minded young people, ideally graduates, who can respond to the challen ges which we 
can offer in our Commercial and Finance Divisions. 

Commercial Division - graduate trainee. 

Starting in the Marker Research area, the successful candidate will be required to develop a 
familiarity with the private medical insurance market and gain an overall knowledge of the 
Company's business while working in a variety of Commercial EH vision f u nct ions . Ideally, 
candidates should have a degree in a numerate discipline, have spent sane tune in a commercial 
iBfhBBPRHl and already be committed to studying for a professional qualification in either 
marketing or accountancy. 

Finance Division - 2 trainees 

Based within die financial accounting area of the Company the two successful candidates will 
gain experience and managemen t accounting, ail aspects of budgetary control plus exposure to 
more specialised areas, such as sy s te ms, taxation and ad hoc investigations. 

Cand i date s should be in their eady twemierand have jot commenced or be intending to study 
for an AOCA/ICMA qualification. A sound educaaottal background a essential and prefe ren ce 
will be given to graduates. 

These opportunities call for the pommhai of a logical, analytical mind, the ability to communicate and an 
adaptable personality. In return we can offer candidates stimulating developmental roles with a market leader 
while qualifying and tire opportunity for an outstanding future with our Company. 

Do you think you meet our criteria? If so we would like to hear from you as soon as possible. 

In addition m an cxcefleru work ing env ir o nment our benefits package includes free medical insurance, subsidised 
carering facilities and contributory pension and life assurance scheme. Generous study conditions, indodtng day 
release for college attendance, will be available to foe successful candidates. 

To obtain an application farm please telephone or write to Eileen MiUman, Personnel Officer, stating the area of 

PPP House, Crescent Road, Tunbridge Wells. Kent TN12PL 
Telephone: ‘Tunbridge Wells 401tl 

, Contracts 

Electronic Data Systems, the acknowledged leader in the Computer Services 
nidostry, is looking fora Contracts Professional to support it’s operating division 

The Contracts Department is re^xinsible for providing commercial expertise to 

hoft sates and pigchasing groups in support of proposal, negotiation, and administration 

You will be responsible f on 

• the revipr of request for proposals, and support and assistance to the technical and 
marketing groups m the development of the most beneficial proposals, in line with 
business objectives and strat^pes; 

• draftmg contractural agreements and analysing contractural requirements of ■ 

potential-customers and suppliers in the commercial and government areas; 

• adrising management on commercial and contractural issues, and the monitoring of 
prime ana sub-contract performance. 

This challenging postkm fe likely to appeal to a person who is highly motivated, 
educated to degree level (preferably Law or Business Studies), and has at least two years 
contracting experience m a commercial environment. 

padra^^S^^^ m ^ re ^ a ^ P ^ es ^ MdaTOmpi ^ iei ^ 

If you are interested in establishinga rewarding career 
with a dynamic company, please send a c.v. to: Marie Bibb 
Recruiting Department Electronic Data Systems, 

Queens House West Greenhill Way, Harrow. 

Middlesex HA1 1GR. 01-861 2233 

Electronic Data Systems 



Blue Chip Stockbrokers (Backed by major 
U.S Bank) require a Personnel Officer, 
with some personnel experience, seeking 
a career-in Personnel Management The 
successful candidate must be a graduate 
and preferably studying, or having 
obtained, the IPM qualification. The job 
will have a wide range of duties and report 
to the Personnel Director. 

Salary - negotiable in the ranqe 
£12,000- £15,000. 

Please reply In writing fc» 

Jafia Dart, Beresfonl Associates Ltd, 
Boundary House, 91-93 Charterhouse Street, 

London EG1M 6HR. 
Tel 01-251 8191. 



The London office of a HK based 
stockbrokers are inviting all-rounders, 
conversant in at least one marker, ie, 
Hong Kong, Singapore or Malaysia, and 
knowledgeable of settlement procedures, 
to fill sales executives in settlement 
positions. As we need to liase with our 
headquarters, fluency in Cantonese 
or Mandarin is an srivamam 

Remuneration commensurates with 
experience and performance other 
benefits mcl pensions, medical, and 
overseas training. 

Basic: £9,000 to £13,000. 

RSVP m own handwriting, with resume 
M-D-? Box 2, Market Bigs, 

29 Mincing Lane, London 


1 ( 
A ! *»>*j 

/■* i ■ 

: ' 

Si ■ 

C.£ 4 s ~ 

* ■v.L:. . •* r 

- fr - 

° , i~iui.uh.ui (iiuumuica, 'L ilia. ' 

sales executives in settlement * 

k. As we need to liase with our V M llif 

idquanera, fluency in Camonese V-. fc*. **Ci2#V 

Mandarin is an advantage. n 

;l ^ 


^-____GENERAL appointments 

A Winning team^i i v 

^.i J° m thp Professionals 1 1 II 


The Mortgage Corporation 


subsidiary of Salomon Inc., has from its inception adopted a unique 
n l? r ^?g? market To meet the demands and challenges of their 
developing presence in the UK they are now seeking to appoint two individuals of 

outstanding ability. 



SssSttfea, hm SSLS™ 

slow. Here iheSSS^ u wmkAte f 1 a Ieaan of “young pro- 

S00ner you get ip the £38" you fesaonab going placa’_Nor only do I make 

^ mv rltMif'e mAvuM 

my diem's money grow, but I’ve trebled my 
Marlowe S h - own UJCOme “ nw two yean.” 

ments (onshore ^^nfi5S!iff ,eS *? f e field rf Unit Trusts > Pensions, Invesi- 
operaU^d^rcLren^ “ d Ins ^ mcc - We « <*P*nding our sales 
Office in the energetic individuals aged 25-40 for our Head 



Reporting to the Director of Finance, this newly 
created position will carry responsibility for the 
securitisation of mortgage asse ts 

The successful candidate is likely to be an ACA 
with a "Big 8’ background, aged 25-30 with 
exposure to the securities industry, highly 
motivated and able to display a successful 
performance record to date. 

Marlowe Sachs 

28 Grevflle Street, 
London EC1N 8SU 

Tel: 01-242 2420 


Reporting to the Director of Finance, this 
challenging role demands an individual capable 
of developing effective cash management systems 
and policies. 

From day one you will be heavily involved in 
minimising interest costs, reviewing credit lines, 
analysing and acting upon interest rate 
movements, cash flow planning etc. 

This position is likely to suit an individual aged 
27-30 within a minimum of 5 years treasury 
experience gained within a securities/or 
trading environment. 

^LTLL n f tU L te of Britl * h Architects Invites 

SKST* f M of Cuni£0rof British 

Architectural Library Drawings Collection. 

The BAL is the leading British collection for 
architecture and comprises the Drawings 
Collection at 21 Portman Square. WT, and the 
Photographs, Manuscripts. Books and Periodicals 
Collections at 66 Portland Place. W1. 
Developments are now taking place for it to 
achieve official recognition as the national subiect 

The Curator will be directly responsible to che 
Director of the BAL. and will be involved in all 
aspects of cha Drawings Collection and Its future. 
The successful candidate must be able to 
demonstrate a knowledge and understanding of 
the architectural scene past and present; 
qualifications, indudinga degree and several years' 




Curator of the Drawings Collection 

Tho Qnnmi u- , mis position is UKeiy to suit an individual aged 

The role to achievers who perform at 27-30 within a miiumum of 5 years treasure 

their SL^& C ^ d faSt experience gained within a Securities/^ 

moving environment trading environment 

K^h i ^2L^ aSed .i at The Mortgage Corporation's new London Headquarters at Victoria 
aza, d both carry exceptionally attractive remuneration packages which include banking benefits. 

For more information about these positions, please telephone David Ryves on 01-930 7850 or write giving 

brief details, to the address below. 


66-68 Haymarket London SW1Y 4RF Telephone: 01-930 7850 

relevant experience, should be those needed to 
ensure the successful development of che 
Drawings Collection. In collaboration with the 
ocher Collections In the BAL, development will on 
the one hand relate to collecting policies, and on 
the other to the implementation of present-day . 
technological applications in order to provide the 
architectural profession withal! the services 
which modern Innovations make possible. 

An ability to help achieve a wide basis of financial 
support for the BAL, and to develop revenue 
producingacrivitJes, would be desirable. 

The salary will be on the Institute’s Band 6 scale. 
Benefits include pension scheme. 25 days' holiday 
for further details apply to the Personnel Offices 
Royal Institute of British Architects. 66 Portland 
Place, London WIN 4AD. Closing date for 
completed applications: 24 October 1986. 

Sales Development 

Marketing Director 

to £25,000 + car 




Our diem, pan of a major international group, is one 
m UK taigesl magazine and periodical distributors in 
the UK. It is highly profitable with an exceedingly 
high turnover. 

Reporting to the Managing Director, yon win be re- 
sponsible for analysing the market, directing sales 
development, including identifying the potential for 
new business within the UK. You must be appropri- 
ately qualified and- fully experienced in a0 aspects of 
marketing, am necessarily in the field of na wninr 
publishing although this would be an advantage. 

A planned expansion programme offers tremendous 
career opportunities for the fiunre. 

You must have the personal qualities unpmpriatf u> 
this senior appointment and as a BoardMember you 
wfi] be expected to contribute to the overall manage- 
ment of the company. Ideally you will be in your 
thirties and looking for career advancement 

The overall package is attractive and there is also 
potential for a profit related bonus. 

Phase write in strict confidence, eodosing CV. and 
Quptipg reference 364, to OB. Addas, Managing 



Luras CAV Parts aid Services Division is responsible for the Worldwide aftermarket operations of 
Lucas ^/.manufacturers of specialised components to the automotive industry and as part of the 
Lucas Industries Group, currently enjoying sustained growth. 

In order to direct die development of the business m a highly competitive and innovative market, we 

wiai. iu IBUUII an u.n. raraysi. nepomng to me Marketing services Manager, the O.R. Analyst wifi be 
responsible for the development of forecasting, statistical modelling and market planning data for 
worldwide markets. 

We ar e looki ng for enthusiasm and communications skills as well as a strong academic background 

nomnncrirataH Ha* n a* a*** — -i — x_ s_ .a , ■ .3 . . 


associate; ltd jBfSJmwS!* 

The position offers potential for a bright ambitious, recent graduate to use their academic skills to 
develop into a more senior role within the Lucas Group. 

A competitive salary is offered, along with the usual benefits associated with a large organisation 
The job is based in a pleasant working environment in the Oxford area. 

Please apply to; 

The Personnel Manager, 

Lucas CAV P & S Ltd-, 

Windmill Lane, 

Haddenham, near Aylesbury, 


Telephone (0844) 292121. 

Charing Cross 

c£ 10 K 

Lucas CAV 

Our client a pubic quoted timber group is seeking a Secretariat Assistant to provide 
general support to the Group Secretariat and in particutar to the Deputy Secretary. The 
role will indude assistance in all the usual corporate adrrtnistTaHve duties arid a 
knowledge of Stock Bcchange fisting requirements waid be an advantage. 

If you are ACIS qualified, have 2/3 years experience h a Group Secretariat and wish to 
expand your professional role witie with full CV stofingcurrenf salary and benefits to the 
address below, listing separately any companies to which you do not wish vour 
applicxrtkOT to be forwarded. ' . 


advertising ltd 

78 Doughty Street, London WON 2PL 


This opportunity is open to a bright, self-motivated applicant who is 
prepared to undergo a full training programme in the field of high quality 
banking and office refurbishment. 

The successful candidate would work -alongside our managing director 
and would be expected to progress from initiation of enquiries to brief 
pking and finally negotiating contracts with ctients -requiring a design and 
butfd package m Central London. 

The successful appBcant would be a graduate preferably with a sales bias 
and be aged 21-25. An attractive salary with substantial benefits wai be 

Please write with full CV to David Atkinson, Morgan Lovell Design & Build 
Ltd, 52 Poland Street. London W1A 4EJ. Tel: 01 434 4192. 

c.£18,000 + benefits 

ComputervisJon, world leaders in the field of computer- 
aided design and manufacture, are looking for a hlgh- 
calibre Product Promotion Manager to provide strong 
support for a new generation of products, bringing the goal 
of integrated computer-aided engineering ever closer. 

Vbur role will be to devise, implement and manage an 
effective programme of press relations, advertising and 
sales promotional activity, working from our UK 
headquarters in Basingstoke. 

To interest us. you'll currently be a falenfed sales 
promotion or marketing specialist in your late 20s/eariy 30s, 
now ready to prove you'' worth in a challenging rote 
offerina excellent future management prospects. Vtour 
tmek record in PR. advertising or marketing will speak for 
risetf And you'll certainly possess the personal present* 
arid 'communications skills to impress us strongly at first 

' nt0 S Sary will be backed by the benefits expected of a 
motor international company. . 

maj Ptease send your detailed cv to Stephen Cronin. 
o»r«Trw^htonogen Compulervislon UK Limited, Central 
Personnel Manag ^ ^ Basingstoke. Hants 

RG21 1DR Or telephone our Personnel 
M Department on Basingstoke (Q256) 58133 
I to obtain an application form. 



design and build 

J hiriW refurbishment contractors specialising In high 

"&&*£***» in Cem ra l London. . ■ 

quainY mill** «nort directly to our managing efireeror. 

The ^StShnidans and wiK take fuH 

workin i 1 ȣ , S?eg?tiaSS^ new contracts and initiating new enquiries, 
responsibility ®9 . j. essential, but not necessarily in a 

WfJovkJe thorough training. 

TltTJ* P^kage »i» be dM including cempeny ear and bonus 
scheme. fl ooiv with fuH CV to David Atkinson, 

g™*srysiD^£?i saw— ^ London wiA ^ 

TekSl 434 4192. 


Established in 1913 we are now the market leaders 
specialisms in Walking and Special Interest Holi- 
days. and we will shortly have vacancies arising for 
■maapnest at our houses in the South West and the 
Lake District 

Our bouses offer a standard equivalent to a 2 star 
hotel although in a more informal environment and 
accommodate groups of 50-80 guests on specific 

These posts, which would suit either single or joint 
management, will provide interesting opportunities 
to those with proven experience of hold manage- 
ment. together with the commercial flair to be “sett 

’ If you are interested m finding out more please send 
full c.v_ stating enreot salary, to: AaJML. 

Miss J Brows, HF Hobdays Ltd. mSSt 

!ec 14< “■ Nortl, w * 1- Lo ^“ jjrfjfays 





Marsh & Parsons, one nf IymrfoTVg landing nutate 
agents, require a negotiator with a proven track 

record and good knowledge, of furnished rentals 
to join their busy and expanding famished de- 
partment The successful ramtiiikto win be hard 
working and capable, with a sense of humour and 
team spirit and be based in our Kensington 

■ Please contact Fiona Dnnkro on 
01-937 8760. No AgenrieL 


Exciting Clothes 
for. Executive Women 

Needs a highly professional sales person to 
join their team. Friendly personaBty essential 
Good salary etc. Cad Mrs Binder 01-629 7044 


Interior decorating ccmpaiy wfdi sdf 
motivate d cocl racq administrator to help with 
the administration of growing company involved 
in upmarket furnishings work. 

Please reply with CV rce 
13 Markham Street, SW3. 



If you have at (east 18 months experi- 
ence of marketing to large corporate 
efients then this major European bank 
can offer you an excellent opportunity to 
enhance your career path. They need 
additional officers to strengthen their 
successful team and assist with the 
1 maintenance of their existing portfolios 
while concentrating on the development 
of new business. Candidates must be 
graduates aged 25-30 with previous ex- 
perience of credit analysis gained in a 
Merchant or International Bank. 

For further details please contact 
Mike Blundell Jones 



Are you eager for success? 

Are you available now? 

As a result of our continued growth we require several 
MANAGEMENT CONSULTANTS to maintain our development 

Could you be one of them? 

You must be highly motivated with an appetite for achievement. 

Your successful track record will show that you are thoroughly 
experienced in the business to business area and capable of 
problem solving for smaD and medium sized companies, be they 
financial, commercial or manufacturing. 

You will receive comprehensive training and the back-up 
necessary. A first rate remuneration package commensurate with 
effort is offered. 

I If this is your sort of challenge and you 

would like to join our expanding team, 
/wrarL-wrW\ P^ase send complete career details to Mark 
"( ILillBiji j Ctomery. Ref: rr , Independent Consulting 
r t J and Management Company Ltd.. Rawpiug 
House, 147 London Road, Kmgstorvupon- 
1 Thames, Surrey KT2 6NR. 


The Society of Antiquaries (founded 1717) 
is seeking a person with considerable experi- 
ence in the learned journal field to talra 
charge of its publishing programme. Candi- 
dates should be graduates in archaeology or 
a related discipline or have had exceptional 
experience and should posses a keen visual 
sense and a good command of English. For 
further details write to the 

Genera) Secretary, 

Society of Antiquaries of London, 
Burlington House, ’ J 
Piccadilly, London W1V OHS. 
(Telephone 01-734 0193 or 437 9954). 



2 Litre Car 

And More .. 

Don't Hesistate. CALL NOWI 
(fn Strictest Confidence) 
IAN NORTH on (0295) 65781 


Dub to continuing expansion, at International Trading House appoint a person suitably qualified m the field of 
fiut puce concentrates and allied products. 

The successful candidate must be sert-moUvated aid able to 
w-onfiraie mvtamg functioning with an Intimate toiowl- 
ettasof fts UK beverage industry. We are seeking a person 
who is abb to manage, control and expand domestic sales 
activities xid who is au fait with afl aspects of office man- 

The executive positron caries a negotiable salary. 

Applications m writing to BOX C27. 


Would you describe 
yourself as persuasive, 
adventurous, self-reliant? 
Have you willpower? 

Could you successfully 
come through a 
demanding training 
schedule to break into 
something exciting, new 
and rewarding? 

if you are aged 
between 26 and 47 
and come from the 
obvious background, 
call Peter RocMord 
on 01-831 0621. 

TO £10,700 

Assswg the Sates/Martrtno 
Artansvaten MnapH ot 
pes&DWS Co hiked lo a /napr 
Bank, you wW generate, prepare, 
moimw and research press/ r- 
hocse MMoiy. expanse 
edsbiwns. promonons etc. 
Many 19-25. mmamm A' 
Engteh Excetos prosueas. 
Bariang hereto 

Please coated 
Been Pries 



£25^000 BASIC 

Prestige London software 
nouse wed experience ot 
accounts swrans sales mun 
have pro^iora approach 
Urgent Td. Cromes 

01 631 3275 

I ^ T.V H 41 ' ! dh • ; ; ; i i ■:•]' * 

This could be your opportu- 
nity. if you Hue commuting 
dstonce d central .London, 
Ore 25-55 until business acu- 
men. we wi tram you for a 
new career «wft Britain's faad- 
kig company in the financial 
services Industry. For further 
imonrexuon ring; 

Bob Squires 
01-242 4260. 

cXI 3,500 

M mMtea BeH Offlcw, flair, 
enthusiasm, preferably with 
marketing background- For 

more information telephone 

Joyce Pooley at 
Aardvark Emp Agy. 

403 4888 


A Dam nkrasied 01 nuMaal eJ- 
<cas an nxaUe (bases toe ctincal 
and research 6 uamd tw a 

K foudawo. ri» bosi vfhdi b 
bi London, s tor an nw flu- 
ranon qfl? • 18 montB and rcaures 
ranedac cammencfmm A srgK 
ap Wcwnfcfl H M jMMec «Xh k- 

Ptcaje icely xHiC.ll.Bd 
mhwol Mafic ta BOX F9. 


ousting wW of sates and 
narfce&ig. Seliiig conoti- 
unoy and sales mining 


iitiiiM min 




A large selection of vacancies in London and the S.E. 
Qualified 16-25K 

Part Qualified 8-15K 

Unqualified 6-I4K 

Phone: Noreen Hollingbery on 242 1168 or 831 7995 

26-29 St. Cross Street, 

Hatton Garden, 

London EC1N 8UH 


International Distillers and Vintners markets an outstanding range of renowned 
drinks brands such as: 

J & B Rare Scotch Whisky 

Wyvern International brand range, including Gilbey’s, 
Smimoff and Malibu (with opportunities for portfolio expansion) 

for which we now need two 


Africa and Middle East 

Tailored salary package + car 

These brands are well established throughout the African and Middle East regions 
and offer tremendous challenges to sophisticated entrepreneurs to maximise profit 

We need people with at least 3 years' direct sales and marketing experience 
including 1 year in demanding markets overseas (African sales experience strongly 
preferable and FMCG/drinks industry exposure desirable). You should have real 
trading skills, immediate personal impact and be able to negotiate in an exacting 

On top of this you should be aged 25-32, be able to speak 
French, be prepared to travel throughout the region for up to 
1 00 days a year and be looking for an assignment with, in due 
course excellent promotion prospects. 

Please send CV or write for an application form to: 


Personnel Manager, 

International Distillers and Vintners Limited, 
1 York Gate, Regents Park, 

London NW14PU. 


We are looking for bright, successful, hard-working and enthusiastic ■ 
Sales people to join our expanding Classified Advertisement Department. 

You will be selling advertising to current and new clients of The Times and 
Sunday Times, with ample scope to capitalize on new business 

Applicants will be aged ideally under 35 and have the enthusiasm and self 
motivation to make the most of the career opportunities we offer. 

The rewards include: an excellent salary, an unlimited bonus system, six 
weeks' holiday and BUPA. 

If you have what we are looking for 
please telehone: 


01 822 9342 




An outstanding opportunity for person with 
excellent communication and administrative 
skills to manage the Tourism Department on 
the Bolton Abbey Estate, Near Skipton. 

Must be enthusiastic, prepared to work long 
hours and personable. Driver essential. 
Secretarial and accountancy skills an 
advantage. Salary negotiable. Housing 
available if required. 

For further details and application form 
please write to 

The Agent, Estate Office, 
Bolton Abbey, Skipton BD23 6EX 

£10,000 - 
£ 60,000 


The key to makin 

The key to making 
money is bang in tne 
right place at tne right 

time. This is the place 
now is the time. If you 
reafiy want financtai 

Tel RtiMlip Duffy 
01-680 1836. 
Fbr an 

appointment now. 



vrutt praa m gpme na: iB mwec 
lor rosily gu pJETmg employrant 
scr&jmq service. TIbs ouwandno 
ooponuwv wuM am someone 
mih knowledge o* sconce rtusey 
patndarfy in suranc e, wit h some 
nurkEbng aid promotions uwmkj. 
Entenawe travel s emsaonl so 
motrtrv and Ifcjenqr in at leas: two 



Position offered in very 
busy and successful 
office in W. Kensing- 
ton. Salary profit 
share/ commission de- 
pendent on ability. 
Apply hi confidence to 
Ref KW. 01-381 4133 



required for 

London Based 
Publication ' 

Dealing nuinlv with wom- 
ens allaire. Experience in 
journalism coupled wib flu- 
ent knowledge or both 
wnilcn and spoken Japanese 
ate csscmraL 

Please apply «n Japanese 
in nnfideixr tec 
Mr M Feraona, OCS Haase. 

W/IW Rajlis Road. 
Ualeriaa. Untaa SE1 7 AY. 




We are a rapidly expand- 
ing group in the Financial 
Services sector. We ate 
looking for two manage- 
ment trainees to work at 
our Oxford Street branch, 
if you seek fuB training, 
rapid progression into 
management, opportunity 
to earn over £20,000. pA 
end share participation, 
then contact Tony Hill on 
01 439 8431. 

cttmiKagnl pkis car 

Teh Personnel Department 
CBy Badness 
Machines Group m 
01-631 0208. 
for uppficaHon hum 

i mitu 

Orpfagton c£18LS8fl & car 

Fast expanding 
company, part of public 
company group seeks 
qualified accountant 
with sound commercial 
experience. Staff 
control and shht 
sleeves approach 

Bing Reger UmpeoBy 



. lor beafnanen d muor Gnash 
rnlemaiwul mskdadunrig grow 
iCcmra London) Appicauns «■ 
vfled bom men and women (aged 
md/late 20 s) won sound educa- 
tional background, Meaty, 
kranriedgeiawansne^ d boot 
tnace and procedures am. es- 
sentiaav flusney n Serbo-Croat. 
CaraJrWes mwi to offlMed. after 
baaing, poduct tamAarisaBqn, to 
hard ouersMS. Benefits ndufle 
company car on confirmation of ag- 

CRUMBtXS in pmrhCD oih- of out 
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•until .imt ■ mi dir jiiI of moon 

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POftTVOUCSE- MniMm arm 
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nuvanii miik-Ii Win -am in 
F\ro— of L2000O P A Ol BSJ 

PORTUGAL. Our UKW, a, -pr- 
(idlni- in pump Ponugimp 
pioerrli rniMir, vt, iirurnU% [<■ 
oinrp an i"ippnrnrwr RUMOlulor 
lor out until oontM Lnton or- 
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r\ ,md (Huuo lo irtnratc CTA. 
Opchw kiimhi Oirrmr. 9. 

Wrppt London Mr i 



Innovative wgaflisaJron 
requres 2 dynamic individuals 
aged 23-31. Musi exude a 
desae to succeed and haw a 
strong bismess presence. No 
previous expenence- 
necassary as ruH training 
given. Substantial 
remuneration and rewards. 

Call Andrew Moon 
81-409 2170 


(tdihuUipi it!.** iloninkHtls 

HHjfk 01 &SI J.W 8 

cumacwuiw vitae wn« inm 
lu Kid all imrl- O* era OKU 
itirnl Id Q2WM4U1 

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Mir4 bo r hi i,vhnpi \pplv III 

wnlirui (Jid.uMii Con-urtinw 

rroi.m-ciRii Loodan SWS 


A QUALfTT BOILER and pipe 
work' imrollalitm conuwior 
min an additional aroducr 
raw mnnrn a Min agpnl M 
prmpn adtlily caUHm on hov> 
Ld- local aiunonUK. 
mMiiiiiM nwiwn and indi 
Mduai indi&fualik)- ^0 wns. 
\LllU>iniMNH>PnrpIO£CL 150 
V ptHI RwtniWHM Bd hm tail 
Hmm LnnHrth IS 
T(NW$e Cnlhii-M-tK and lurd 


nmnwi /majhMrrrv. IU J5. 
i.ituiiPd lor pip-uohhi- inAonr 
i tun London h? «l C5.ISO 


cvs. nnnvKw help and 

. inn -oairp ouwaiKp 

- Hmli*r\ T rl 

Bnrkhaimlnl HU437I 722 09 


c.£!2,000 + benefits 

The Abbey National — a building 
society with a reputation for 
technical and operational 
innovation — b paving the way 
for a wider role in the financial 
services market in response to 
new legislation we are upgrading 
our corporate modelling and 
financial analysis capabilities as 
accurate market and budget 
forecasting becomes increasingly 

Working as part of a team, you 
wffl produce appraisals of our 
competitors activities, update the 
computer forecasting model and 
prepare statutory and 
supervisory reports. 

A self-starter with excellent 
communication skills, you should 
have a good honours degree in 
economics, accounting or 
statistics together with 2 years' 

. induscrial/commerdal experience. 
You may already be part-qualified 
ACA/ACCA or currently 
studying for a professional 
qualification. Knowledge of 
Sperry/Mapper and FCS systems 
would be an advantage but is not 
essential as full training wfil be 

The salary is supported by a 
generous range of company 
benefits and prospects for future 
career development are 





For an application package please 
either write to Mr W Whitehead, 
Personnel Officer, 

Abbey National Building Society, 
Abbey House, Baker Street, 
London NWI 6XL, or telephone 
01-486 5555 ext 4551. 

West of London 

The Internal Audit Department of this 
Company requires a Deputy Manager who has 
recently qualified and who wishes to extend 
his/her expertise into the commercial field. 

The position entails -supervising staff during 
the course of auditing at our Cash & Carry, 
Distribution and Accounting Centres as welt as 
deputising for the internal Audit Manager when 

The Food Distribution has 150 outlets in- the 
mainland U.K. with a turnover approaching 

Candidates will need to reside within reach of 
our Gerrards Cross offices and be prepared to 
travel anywhere within the U.K. A Company car 
will be provided for business and private use. 

■ In addition to an excellent salary we offer a 
substantial package of fringe benefits including 
25 days holiday. 

Please write or telephone for an application 
form to: - 

Mr. S. J. Tucker, Personnel Manager. Booker: 
Pic., Food Distribution Division, Malt House, 

Pic., Food Distribution Division, Malt House, 
P-O. Box 65, Field End Road, Eastcote, FtuisUp,-, 
Middlesex. Tel: 01 -422 951 T. Ext 37471 . .. . 

Booker Pic 



Automotive retailing to £18,000+ car 

Mercedes-Benz (UK) Limited, a 
wholly-owned subsidiary of 
Daimler-Benz AG in Wfesl 
Germany, Isa leading importer of 
passenger cars and commercial 
vehicles in the United Kingdom. 
Our Dealership in Walton-on- 
Thames has a requirement for a 
Retail Accountant to join their 
small management team. 

This is an excellent career move 
tor a young Accountant, already 
qualified or in the process of 
qualifying, with some experience 
in the motor industry. Reporting 
directly to the Executive Director 
and liaising dosety with the 
France Departmental 
Mercedes-Benz Head Office in 

MBton Keynes, you win be 
responsible for afl areas of retail 
accounting. Famfliarity with 
computer systems is essential. 
Career devetopment prospects 
are good within the UK parent 
company. The attractive salary is 
accompanied by a range of 
benefits including Mercedes- 
Benz car, Bfe assurance, 
contributory pension scheme, 
discounted BUPA rates and 
relocation assistance where 

Please send full career and salary 
details to Mr j Halse, Executive 
Director, Woking Motors Limited, 
2 Esher Road, Hersham, 
Walton-on-Thames KT12 4JY. 




i ■*’ 

Help us to make our own 
stragetic commercial and 
financial decisions 

V ‘ 


Adopting a more commercial approartto r nwagin glMak; 

utilities and our move into . 

to the need to develop more efficient and effective 

financial and information systems. 

As Accountant (RnancSal/Informatipn Systems Develop. 

iiinntl vou will assist in the design, implementation and. 
mSmerianoe"of these systems. Your primary respond 
biUties will be in the areas of management '^rrnatfon 
generated via source systems (e.g. payroJL accounts 
payable, accounts receivable) and the general ledger. * 

You must be able to apply your imagination and sound 
business principles to the presentation of information and 
have the ability to work under pressure as pan of ja 1 team. 
Experience of Prime/ICL/IBM environments would be « 
particular advantage as would a proven track record- of 
project management. 

The cost is based at Reading. In addition to a salary of 
between £ 14,000 and £16,000 we offer a 35 -hour week, 22 
days minimum holiday leave per year, pension scheme 
with interchange arrangements and financial help with 

relocation expenses where necessary. 

. V’ 

K>:. . - . . 

Application forms can be obtained from Personnat 

Director, Thames Water Authority, Kings Meadow House, 

c/o Nugent House, Vastem Roa d, Rea cting. Berkshire 
RG1 8DB (Telephone: Reading 593802). Closing data; 
17th October 1986. 


*uW 1 



Pair Placing Accounts rrfe fi/sf 



£14,000 + Bonus 

au-'* J ‘ ' ' 




- .STRAND 110 The Strand. WC2.0AA 01-379 6716 ' 



A dynamic, last -moving, mqjor. -property -company is seeking a part- qualified - - 
Accountant 10 join the financial and management team. Superb benefits include 
LV.'fc STL. LA. and profit stave. REE- BCHJM - •— 

WEST BID 14 Boat 

Street WIN 7A0 01-580 9186 


SW1 £12-£1 5,000 

[lnki.v; & 

VICTORIA 6 Glen Hse, Stag Plaoe, SW1E 5AG 01-828 7555 



Married Status — Pull Expenses 
- Tax Free Salary 

TIk KEY to success within this major organisation CTfO $60 

Ktl 1 ii«n\ I' l U l ft lwnii f AAflL - - J.. m a V I • « 

Ab^Ua lama, the Fy East, Eoruye or Africa, you will undertake 

revrewB, tavestigationa and appraisals whilst gaining valuahle 
mUil'ILa finnfl 1 tmainw^ wtrifig. 

PRC^^CTBwitiimthe UK and abroad are exceptional; Newly 

raptor organisations will be in a position to make a significant 
contribution to the cr wnpai^ pa gmypgg 



!:-iclu.-~t-.-ial i-ivi-n-n 




The Road Transport Industry Training Board is a 
statutory body providing a training service to over half a 
million people employed by some 25,000 companies. 

A vacancy exists for a Cost/Management Accountant at 
the Board's Head Office in Wembley. The person 
appointed will be responsible to the Chief Accountant for 

the day-to-day running of the Cost Accounts 
Department This involves the preparation ar 

Department This involves the preparation and 
monitoring of the Board's annual capital and revenue 
budgets and the costing of Board products and projects. 

Applicants should have considerable experience of 
budgetary control, costing and computerised integrated 
accountancy systems. An ability to communicate with all 
levels of management and possession of a recognised 
accountancy qualification are essential. 


C. London *20,000 + Car 

^ “fhigUy gifted and dynamic ' 

professionals have made such an impact on the - 
market that 2 years firomthe 

Confidentl y predict growths £3 \ 
mflhcm next year with further acceleration to 1990. 

SSSU' artistic individuals, stiilin their 
mthew orldof design, now 
see k the expertise of a qualified accountant of a 

planning of 

Terms and conditions of employment include-27 working 
days holiday, contributory pension scheme and life 

their financial futore. 

Please apply with full C.V., quoting refereoce Mo. 190 to 

Teh 01-242 6331 

slnn Road London WCHCSDS = ~ 

Personae! department, Bead Transport Industry Training 
Board, Capitol House, Empire Way, Wembley ; Middlesex 
HA 9 BMG. 


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A guide to 
career development 

How to spot the danger signals 

hS/SS^ 18 .to have am* «hk ' ^ ^ 

^ Syingto To avoid crashing heads around 10 show crucial parts of a 

Opinions ffi5 n8ers « evening dress w gviw widamilg company $ operations in a better light- 

cme of thewritrJ whet ^rthis ^ With the COmnanv • ^ H * e E* y l ? f 8 «ou n[ an» under 

super-cool u S .peaiesi exanmiesnr - WAUA Company, pressure is boundless but when all else 
baarri*^!* whether a loi of nenni* nl pj. i r~ ~~ ^ f r 1 foils. a common pipy is for a bad set of 

haSSj?I? p,y dld n « realize £?« 12! Godfrey Golzen has ■ figures, to be glossed over by brilliant 

The ; r ... 7CZZJZ HT projections for the future. The question 

mifWuXri 5®* "hen you are in ,v ^ tight answers - then ; is whether these arc based on 

Quhe diffil^ l p,n S di saster it is oftS? ~ — «— genuine market conditions or whether 

on. ThaJaSpH J?J? ? S u! wfaai » loins «w counselling, said: “Often 

well as tosmkinJl? n ^ ln ® corn P an ^a5 they're too busy or too loyal to lake ..In ff ^fan.S Wind, looking 

Hmmv T fhSJfff 1 ' action. The -otter probferaTlbat to *? d rtSW ,ia,e, * , f ? 

with especiaI1 y «me ftJ a y he so locked into ‘golden handcuffs’ 

strong asset vilu? Red activities and ~ cheap company loans or mongos — writ^.JsiFr? that^aregoing down- 
SufS. “T- that they bardjy dare to move.’* .. Sd^taSSfaif" SSrt 


If you are past vour mid-5/k *t>a ?ifS corporate responsibility, Mr Needham Another baa sign is when key people 
W a company pension schem?* iT* ^'eves that however busy yon arc, you Sian to leave in significant numbers or 

probably worth hanrine K Should make a practice of “walking when investment iu important projects 

Possible because SescheS?- ^,I2 l 4 ££ ^ deck” to check on bow things is cm for no good reason. There is a 

unaffected by the fere AfSL 5 !!?^ 66 are going. especially if you have a gut tepdency for management to dose ranks 

!lself - provided it has f^ng that everything is pot as it should iq these circumstances, but executives 

administered by the truste" pr0periy **■ Wow board level and the gossip 

*5"*. a company cannot nse the , So what arc the signs you should look EE** wifi have their own version 0 f 
SS!?*" 115 Pension fund to pay its for and who should you talk to? The best 

oebts, the trustees - who are n»Er a i2; . Former Lesney manager, John Abbott, 

directors - can make loantTn 0 ^, 3 ^ ' « a snmvor from one of the classic 

in th/»ir loans 10 or invest =■ ~ ■ - ■ — • .. ., CO mo rate failures m reoeni vparc “in 

heads around to show crucial pares of a 
company's operations in a better light. 

Thc ingenuity of accountants under 
pressure is boundless but when all else 
fails, a common pipy is for a bad set of 
figures to be glossed over by brilliant 
projections for the future. The question 
then is whether these are based on 
genuine market conditions or whether 

•IbMI IM nimVlrtAl n J-L ft.t 

in " ,ariC ‘oans to or invest 

Tbis « generally 
ve£ hhi PracPce. but up until this 

memhJ^aP met,m ® s difficult for 

SSSSSf*^ of a pension scheme to get 

SriFSSSJ " hal tappeniog^ 

The Social Security Act of 1 985, which 

Creative accounting can 
camouflage pr oblems 

2JSLj« **« ms «tt»mn,'win 
require trustees to produce an annual 
repon for their members. Until 
reports start to become available in . a 
y^rs time, those with substantial 
pension rights who think they might be 
caught in a failing company will amply 
have to ask trustees how the funds have 
been used and whether the employer’s 
contributions are up to date. 

“Failing behind with employer's 
contributions is one of the classic signs of 
a firm in deep trouble, " said David 
Barrat of the Company Pensions 
information Centre, 

Further calculation may include the 
possibility of a takeover and the golden 
handshakes that usually result when the 
successful bidder brings on his own 

In the United Slates one of the classic 
defences against takeovers is the “golden 
parachute" whereby existing board 
members vote themselves huge sev- 
erance terms. In Britain the scope for this 
is limited by the Companies Act and by 
the Inland Revenue, which draws a 
distinction between compensation pay- 
ments for loss of office — tax free or 
reduced up to £75.000 — and pre- 
arranged deals which are treated as 

For executives in mid-career, the risk 
of waiting for a pay-off from a rich white 
knight may not be worth taking. But 
Peter Needham of Gardiner-HiD Need- 
ham. a consultancy which specializes in 

indication is usually in the trend of the 
figures. A drop in the profits oyer one or 
two years is not necessarily a cause for 
concenu but a continuing decline is 
another matter. Long-term problems can 
also make their first appearance in the 

“Look at profit to sales and profit to 
people employed," Mr Needham ad- 
vises. ■ “Mounting debts are another 
indicator- At best they're a sign of 
inattention to cash flow. At worst they 
can mean that the firm has caught a 
colossal cold with one or more major 

The trouble is that problems can be 
camouflaged by creative accounting, at 
least as far as the lay person is concerned. 
With large publicly quoted companies 
such devices are quickly spotted by 
financial commentators — it is always 
worth reading what they have to say 
about your firm —but smaller companies 
can get away with the classic ways of 
fudging poor results. 

These include optimistic valuing of 
stock or revaluation of assets, or simply 
the disposal of fixed assets to bring them 
into the profit figures. More complicated 
manoeuvres might include shifting over- 

corporate failures m recent years. “In 
retrospect you could see it all coming," 
he said. “The reports from salesmen out 
m the field indicated that the toy market 
was being bit by the advent of new 
technology and we just didn't have the 
right products. 

“On lop of that we were over-extended 

Don’t resign nntfl you 
have another job 

by a badly-judged acquisition in the 
American market." Lack of competitive- 
ness and expansion at the wrong time arc 
two factors that can bring even a large 
company to its knees quickly. 

Mr Needham feels it is now more 
important than ever for individuals to 
look out for such signs. He blames the in- 
fluence of the City, where the push is 
rapid short-term results rather than 
sustained, unspectacular growth. Under 
pressure from these sources, weak 
managements are apt, literally, to go for 

“The days when the interests of 
employees came first are over — if they 
ever existed," is his somewhat Weak 
commentary on the current employment 

Nevertheless, he advises against 
resigning until you have another job. 
“Hang about near the lifeboats, but don't 
jump into the ocean — it can be cold out 
there." In other words you should, if 
stuck in a foiling firm, look for another 
job rather than walking out or living on 
the hope of things getting better. 

On the other hand, being brought in as 
part of a rescue operation can offer a 
unique career and financial opportunity 
if it is finked to share options when tire 
situation has been turned round. But you 
hade to check that an employer has a will 
to recovery and the. means for rescue to 
be a practicable proposition. 




Croydon • UK. + International Trawd 
Attractive Salary + Car 

'Trafalgar House is one of UK’s most Hiceessful 
and expansive public groups, whose activities span 
construction, shipping, properly and oil and gas 
exploration. The poop bas oversea* opennoo* in 
Europe- die Middle and Far East. Horn Kong. 

North America. Wist Africa, [he Caribbean and 
other areas. 

These posts traditionally provide a mue through 
V.’bkh carm conscious young Acmmiante are able 
to gpin wide experience and make thetranaijoa to 
Senior Financial Management at home or abroad. 
Internal Audit is well established, enlightened in 
ocdooL profesaoul m operation and foully 
regarded for the contribution it maker, to the success 
af the company The work indodes ad hoc 
assignments and investigations as well a» operational 
and systems audit.. 

Suitable candid a te* will be nearly or recently 
qualified Accountants from the profession, 
commerce or industry with a strong personality and 
above avenge communication skitis. 

A high degee of sdf-rdiance and tm native 
together with willingness to undertake extensne 
UK and overseas travel are essential. 

Plea* contact Sarah Giles by telephone for « 
application form and further in/omialion if required, 
telephone 01-689 2266 Eat 2427. 

Trafalgar House Croup Services. Mitcham House. 
681 Miicrum Road. Croydon, Surrey CR9 3 AH 


Tax Trainee 

City from £7,000 

Recent substantial growth has established our 
client as one of the most progressive medium 
sized firms of Chartered Accountants. 

The Tax Department operates a well proven 
career development scheme whereby working 
under theemaanee of the partners and manag- 
ers you will gain varied tax experience. Using 
the firm’s own training department you will be 
encouraged to study for a formal tax 

If you are an enthusiastic graduate seeking a 
worthwhile career in a stimulating environ - 1 
ment _ 

— please write with frill personal details to I 
David Tod BSc FCA quoting ref D/506/LB. 

Lloyd Management 
Selection Consultants 
125 High Holborn, 

London WC1V 6QA 


Outstanding opportunities 
for young professionals 

The Clients 

•International investment banks 
•Major UK stockbrokers 

The Role 

•Mergers and Acquisitions , 

•New Issues 
•Management Buyouts 

• Corporate Advii»ory Work 

The Candidate 

•ACA. Solicitor or Barrister, soon to qualify or 
recently qualified 

• Training with a major professional practice 
•Aged 24-27 years 

• Graduate with first class academic background 

• Strong interpersonal skills 

The Rewards 

• An opportunity to be at the forefront of the City revolution 

• Involvement in the immediacc and future decision-making 
process of major corporation* 

•Clearly defined longterm prospects in a challengingand 
highly competitive environment 

• High basic salary in addition to bonus and other substantial 
banking benefits 

To discus further a career in corporate finance, please 
contact Lindsay Sugden ACA on 01-404 5751, Or write to 
Michael Page City, 39-41 Parker Street, London WC2B 5LH 
enclosing a curriculum vitae. Stria confidentiality assured. 

I bra 

I Lon 

H A mem 

Michael Rage City 

International Recruit mem Consultants 
London Brussels NewVbrk Bins Sydney 
A member of Addison Consultancy Group PLC 

ints 1 

ney I 

up PLC B 



, SoWttra Bwwolam Association Mrt« rapteromtat tor A&- 
I comant racinng Dacamber. Ag« up 10 5& wnptoymam to 65. 
Ssiary E1ZOOO wn lour annual inennan t a oTfiSOO and kt- 

twtti lour annual jncramen t a 

Acco un t an cy quaMcatm da ai r ab la . wide •xperlanca of fi- 
nancial administration and knowiMga <rf computer systems 
ew e m ie l . netponrtPMesa include control oi income and etc- 
pen dtturo. b udgeting, subscriptions, legacies, salaries, lax. 
investsnants and trusts. 

Staft of sol reporting to Secretary. 

Apply wtfi C.V. to; 

Sec r et a ry 


27 Chancery Lane 
London WC2A INF 





£ 11,000 

For tkstgn Co. in S.W. London, 
itellw ci i mp u iwstd wo. + 
preferably MJ.CLM. Dubes ni- 
ctate credo sanctioning + 
contre ft ng Migatioa. 

Exeefiew opportuMy lor some- 
one 30+. 


Mara jitooiefanNi 



c£14,000 p.a.+ car 
+ benefits 

Rentokil is a world leader in the provision of essen- 
tial specialist services and products for safe 
guarding health, for the protection of the. environ- 
ment and for the care and maintenance of property. 
The Internal Audit department, an expanding man- 
agement services function, now seeks to recruit an 
additional auditor. The ideal candidate will be a 
qualified accountant, aged 27-32, have a sound un- 
derstanding of good business practices, a creative 
aproach to problem solving, and good inter-person- 
nel skills. The position carries considerable 
responsibility in providing strong support to man- 
agement. Rentokil is very much an equal! 
opportunity employer with a firm belief in prbrnot- j 
iitg internally. If you are interested in this position 
nlease send a detailed CV to Manager Group Inter- 
nal Auditing , Rentokil Group PLC Rentokil 
House Garland Road East Grinstead, West Sussex 

RH19 2JY. 


Bdl Court House. U Blomfield Street. Loudon EC2M 7A^ 



NORTH WEST £16,000 

An exciting opportunity has arisen within a highly profitable and estabfehed 
organisation operating within the Financial Services sector. 

Currently they seek to recruit an ambitious individual to assume responsibly for the 
day to day running of the busy accounts function, as a member of the senior manage- 
ment team play an important role in the next stage of the companies expansion. 
Emphasis will be placed on the further development and implementation of financial 
procedures and controls coupled with the production of accounting information relat- 
ing to a variety of current and proposed investments. 

This key appointment provides a first class opportunity for a recently qualifed ACA 
seeking either a first move from public practice or wishing to further develop their 
career within a commercially orientated environment In addition to above average 
technical ability he/she must demonstrate sound communication skills , a strong 
personal presence and the maturity necoessary to control and motivate staff. 

In the first instance contact 



551 Royal Exchange, Manchester M2 7FF 
Tel: 061-832 8992 




FOKIIMWCSC SpraUing Euro- 
t»nd> ctrrk iwiB rottMtirr 
•rained tun. Oiy 01 404 
4664 CanrMur Apy. 

toWUW AMALVsr European 
I MravMft. SO*. MOOOO !*•»■ 

JAPANESE SorJIone Eurobond* 
vrtOcmerUk 10 C3D.OOO pa ©IV 
01 404 4084 CarrWour A*v 



• owu irr rww». 15 mm* w r* 
End A cuv 4 bed luxury haroe 
with coMmoars' * vmrar «r 
den Cl 70.000 ono. OI 226 
4410 inn A w/frtds) 


•UMorawt. 8mi*9 pm t*t 
well educated. auabOM »cc 
w*fUnu kiwwtPdgv rnrooi * 
evrntlmt Enolitti loauM Croup 
MO- .Rroponsibie Mr Internal 
PB -eethiUro + Iwfce wflU PB 
ronMAUntN. Hiqn standards c4 
want A (Mottnenry in modem 
otilre uvnnoloqv. ExnOeM w 
AO- RtatUnrenltdence. PameU 
^an Hewn. RWorway Em 
Ph^-mnu Atnry Md. Wound 




raquired in mo Lord Mayor's 
Diary Office. Duties tadudo 
ad correqxxidBnoe relating 




For mwnamai contpany n csy 
mtagta Sales Drerin Bmo- 
mt person with good Motwe 
icq. Exrang postam lor nght 
person. £WM0+ 


Strrot EP.WOtll-OOO.HArirv 
anew Cowulunt rrouim dedi- 
audio wrrrun/nmonai 
«MtUBl is run awl a 

bm ronwiUmg orartKT lit IMS 
<>*.» houM- Wuh ininq-bt staff, 
and is mananp N* pmeMl al 
fin* m London Md rauniry 

HCABof •rrftanm vnrurr*. Can 

t«i rroirrluno Mu? jrriw 

tsiKmvsrU ulh nH4rn mikf 
irmnotoui aao uu *-mi jmt 
lam tivmff Ha*e rou an 
rxrrllrni . wntunr manure? 

Can imi tmttO a HunriNion ui 
an- Run, <n ront fdrocr. Pacarta 
Van Rm-sm. Rutqmav Em- 
EUavmoM Mnn- Ltd. wosing 
$01 15 * 

IE4IHNC pft mam win, top mi re 
nalienai arrounb rwrd a nun 
oroancasl PR *re ,uit» fva& a 
good pftpw manpre rorneS/H 
and quirk acruraie umno. 
r CaOOO Cmrn Carden tiU 
imu. I to Fieri SL EC4 365 
7 W96 

Sdk PAfSte tb Managua Dure- 
lor. ComUeraure n-wtaiM«y 
wtitttn vmau MrenaUncul (earn 
on mq n'I- (abrie* arron Eu- 
rope lo uie loorasiuan Houms. 
FieiKh udiarKadMU*. mist w 
Mimenl jdTivUrtjdralre, Top »)- 
aiv Tri Jane OI oil 40 IS 

SECHETART nnwrrd for preMi 
wu> KmuntlM «uie aoenb. 
Good shoniMDd and Li-Nng 
wnh mrrlui, Vf/P adian- 
lags- mum Be presenUMe 
. Haul* *iopm- Tri: 60J 7121. 
Ri4ai blAn. 

WE WILL nUUUtT- vour <**r»- 
Uanal all-round slatb and 
pniruruiav pmaniaiion uUti a 
wp Mb ip SWl/3 or wi/B. 
whv M •‘ootari u, now for. a 
<tia> . Rum Brtormia. Mr* 
Pimrer 604 3«44 

KCMTAKV in aovxrtbmnc 
Iqr well known CO- in Wd Ine 
n (Imouiiwe. OPOd ivp. verne 
Wp .lord 19 * Sal aar Can 
LUim- Ol . *21 ■ 4326 


Co NoSM Allend rPnils mert- 
Inqs a. rMuWItoro. CS-5Q0 ♦ 
wueu/ CUI tsalaUa TEO Aw 
01 736 W7 

HE aie a rerrurtmeM randlMv 
<v rpmnteoMi m a unde range 
Of sen rlnriiil/rlrtiral position*, 
lumor inwTMar Ourmarbeie*. 

►ends ineouqiKHii London and 

suirrMnKtina uriun. Salarie* 
twwe bon, CSkOOO Cl 2.000 ■*. 
No IMM. dam vou make lh»L ca- 
reer nxnr and make Ural raw 
TM now on 01 CIS 5050 

Ca-duilHoni m ram. 

DUKN co. IP KM land Park. 
Tm* extiemeh mhvm*IuI Co. 
has out ol uw oromar* 1 atmo- 
sphere ie oiler lo pi, oat of the 

ardlnan- wrrMlry win, BO* 

*/B «4 VIP OcnopalHy fiat 
C9 jOOO Please ropian 8J 
OavriMdS <rer Com on 93B 

FACTarronuraiMio lyptM/Swoni 
processor iworewag required 
hv miail inmih nm of Man 
agtnq Awnls and Sunmn. 
Salary nro. Mend CV tOPMMWr 
«. Uocknwn Cnanqaon a 
B anners. Martel Arch House. 
6*wsa trevmour Sieec London 
WIH fivr TO »4 0146 

PA TO Financial Amxniunl 
tlOJoo * prrkv To aufal IM* 
young 4ri*unianf you need lire 
Finance and HP background 
No thorrtMad and eerwv inai 
rMtittnuMW). Rma Theresa 01 
7g^78B3 kincsCakd PCRS 

CLAPMAM SpacHM alwetne 4 
bedroom Moure Uw refers 
twn. Iu«v (turd kuchvn 6 
dttimt room. CH. To let from 
Nes ember Company let ore- 
lefrefl or ralgW *IM UP IO 4 
ndnumai sham* £250 pw 
Tel Ol 720 1130 

CCNTftAL bONMM Lor reiecOon 
01 U.5 beO apt* avail lor tons 
or snort term lets ElS&CJOO 
<> w Iuhv me no Ire lo 
lennanls. Tri. Graham Prop* 01 
637 4782. 

RAMCC KOVCR prasvn. ,X> fra- 4 
bom . ai 000 nulev new MOT. 
rsrrfldM randlinm. £7.500 
mo- trt 0375 565*00 «ese*j 


PA see £10000 Shipping CO- 
Fenmjrrti SL SH/TVP 00 / GS 
Will Vraan on WP. AOtd 50 . 

Call Elaine Ol 625 4226 

(CCRCTAnCS for ArrhH«rt* A 

Oewoners Permaneni 4 tempo- 
rary DOfUiom. A MSA Soecuutu 
Bee Con*. 01 754 0552 

FRENCH Bi-nngm serrrtary 
Slough. Berk* 25* Cneg- 01 
404 4084 Canriour Aw 


For the but , 
ranttt Miaetton ol 


in prime London armi 


01-244 7353 

PA’a and wrtriJrift H im con 
refer ivursHl an riiie temp i nen 
why nd tom our rllle learn For 
tour loo 63.111s ut mu bay JOu 
top rales, ikh/b hoi pay ami 
iram v«uon WP Fmdowmore 
m- ruvpm rravn Cam on 
01 SS9 9244. Drake Ofhce 
Oteriaad Agy 



2 M P eaiwuM 
& John WMd 
Notify wh rtfol Md. £22Sfw. 

w* IM m*ro DKpdtm HI 
KmjMiflrtlB. UMpr £ fWqrjvo M 
nwy irtrWirt or remodantai 
Mtitbte In ting camowv teS- 
81-724 3168 



v — H K S I I> F \ I I A I 


Sttatam ol studio. 142 
bed Utok. «nepbonsfy 
lurmsftM, modem 4 tradt- 
txnainvte. Use ol gardens, 
park, swnn rei a pool, emr- 
«*e rm. EvtSy Rat has 

*P*SL ! 54« from 

£120 ow. to £2S0 p.w, 
XKMiMdM Office; 


Hhmacmaw new house in 
Towar Bndga Square. 3 quo 
beds. Bath mm ikm . aepo- 
rate stiw. recap with dnng 
ra. «c H. gdn and 

Docklands Office 
01-S3S 4021 

.-nr ’ 

tOjW* ri if t ii 1 1 n'+o 


Dead ends, no 
Openings, yes. 



£ 10,500 

We axe a national firm of chartered accountants with over 400 staff in our Ixmdon 
office We a Senior Secretary to assist one of oar deployment partners- 

The requirements are: 

* Age 24+ 

* First-class shorthand and audio state 

* Good academic background 

* Proven organisational and administrative skills 

* Experience working at senior level 

* Some bask: computer experience could be helpful 

In return we offer 

* Pleasant, modem offices near Liverpool Street station 

* 21 days' holiday 

* LVs. STL, pension scheme, bonus 

Reese write, with fall e.v., to Kim West, Personnel Officer, Neville 
Russell, 246 Btobopspite. London EC2M 4PB or telephone 01-877 1000 
for farther information. 

(No Agenda) 


up to £7,800 pa 
London, SW1 

Ftp dass working andnons n a large, modem office «i SL James's 
could be Ihe next settng tor your sbQrtftaad sUb and setf-mxtttion. 
Confidential work motes organising ab*ty and good lefeptom mam. 
Trareig on PMps wp rabble lor ngta pram. Mt package n- 
cfades 4 woks Mis. cades n, social factories, and U the benefits of a 
succe&stul company. 

Please coatact Joanae Osboinw 
Alfred Marks Recruitment CoosaSads 
41 PaM Mali. SL James’s 
London, Swl 
Tet 61-839 4833 



MD of Istaid Music {Wishing needs a secretary to 
handle day to day administration as well as normal 
secretarial duties. 

Applicants will need sound secretarial skills, 
indudina shorthand, organisational ability and good 
social stalls in addition to relevant work experience. 

Salary negotiable. 

Telephone lor further information or 
send a detailed C.V. to: 

Katrina Fraser, 

334-336 King Street, London W6 ORA 
01-846 91&1 

m (01) 338 4S<5 (M hNBj 

and Ml nnd you ULdMk 
. Pmapfe ortf Past . 
No Agorae 

ii ii 

Salary approx £8,000. 
Required to work in 
West End Oriental 


up to £10,500 p.a. 
London, EC2 

Your shorthand and audio skills are required to 
assist the director of this successful insurance com- 
pany. He is looking for a mature person with plenty 

of initiative and good organising ability who can take 
care of his busy office when he is absent Fast short- 
hand is essentuL Benefits include season ticket loan 
and subsidised restaurant 

Please contact Jenny Wright, 

Alfred Marks Recruitment Consultants, 

88 Leadenhali Street, London EC3. 

Tel: 01-283-2104 



If gardens are your pas- 
sion why not work at our 
idyffic nursery ki Londons 
Littfe Venice. The land- 
scape director and his 
profe ss ional design team 
need an efficient 
seerstary/organiser with 
word processor skits for 
their friendly non-smok- 
ing office. In te re st ing and 
varied work. Salary by 

Please all Mrs Walters 

01 28? 6851 



Very well established 
British lawyers re- 
quire a superb 
receptionist with ex- 
cellent presentation 
and telephone man- 
ner. You must be 
discreet, calm and 
unflappable when 
dealing with an ex- 
tremely beautiful yet 
very busy reception 
area. Age 30-40. 
Hours 10 am to 6 

of Bond St. 

Heenktmcnl Consultants 

Mi Si |at* Man Film doi£ 


Working in the book 
listening department 
you will use all your 
administrative dulls 
including organising 
visitors’ tours, keep- 
ing a busy diary, 
ordering books, to- 
gether with 

maintaining a slide 
library. You will 
need Audio or short- 
hand, good ' hand- 
writing and be able 
to wont well with a 
team. Age 26+ . 

of Bond St. 

Rccmitmcnl Consultants 
Ka Si iwteHtaMU 

The Company is involved 
with residential develop- 
ment n a wide area of 
pleasant rant and urtran 
teratass. You wdl reed 
excellent Audu/Short- 
tand/WP skBls as you 
help your boss with this 
interesting wort. You must 
be a car driver. 

01-589 4422 




Helping to organise the 
most up-market functions 
and parties including buy- 
ing the moet and preparing 
the guest lists mil be 
some of your msponsAH- 
itias. If you have the style, 
education, voce and 
personality tint makes 
tatting to royalty easier 
than shopping in Tescos 
this b far you. We fear you 
will neof 100/60 stalls 

01-589 4422 



typing/ shorthand and 
abilRy to work wefi under 
pressure essential. 

Salary £9,000 

Call Penny on 

01-788 8290 


£9,500 pa 
London, WC1 

VkiTI really oyoy warkmg tar the dynamic partner of tks successul him of 
sofaettn m West Contra) London. Plmous WP + some company and 
ramus lul legal experience means you'll iaaly be a ppre c i a ted m wtut can 
mm tote an eseleiit emnronment tor your career to dmlap. in addteoa 
to the generous salary. the benefits nctade 4 weeks hois. 

Please contact Horn Kefly 
Alfred Marts Recvtotawet Consultants 
31 fflgh Hal bore, London WC1 
Tet 81-405 9345 



Name your price! Hectic Mayfair of- 
fice need all-rounder to take 
responsibility for secretarial and busi- 
ness activities. If it's responsibility 
you are after or simply the money - 
it’s up to you. 

Call Kathleen on 01-409 0868 

mum 1 


up to £10,000 p.a. 

The tee at the Far East watts yaw shorthand and WP sMs n London's 
West End Your expenence at a sew Inelwfl be put to excellent use in 
bonus offices, where youwHkaise wttb automate and offioab si Clara. 
Japan and Hong Kong tor UK Barman oi the company. Crus basing on 
Rank Xerox WP aodaUe. Beneltts nchide 4 weeks hoUays. 

Please contact Liz Carpenter 
Attrad Marts Recruitment Coasuftauts 
487 Oxford Street. Marble Arch. London W1 
Tot 01-629 0111 





requires persen Is fill a key position, 

who can show axparionca or being varaatie. flexible, ex- 
tremely competent; can work under pressure, likes 
responsUty. wants to become lotafly invotvod in ow day to 
day operations; and would Hka an tnteresttog end demanong 


Please write to us sendbig a current C.V. Salary £8,500- 
£10.000 aae. 

Apply to Captain M. Barrett, 

McAlpbie Heficoptn lid, 
SwaflcwefMd Way, Hayes, Mkfctimex UB3 1ST. 

Sahs and Service Department. 

Sefaiy. holidays and boms oT woA are ncramfing to BUndanl 
Italian (Bwcdce. 

The work is demanffing and so toiut hearts should not apply. 
For those interested, send your C.V., with recent photograph (if 
pownhle) ta- 

Mrs V. Perrin, 
M lwg a laiTmilma SgA, 

Strata della Fareertta, 

UP TO £12,500 TAX FREE 

A major employer of expatriate raffia Sautfi Arabia bass 
rapriremem Tor secretaries - shorthand 90 tvpm. typing 45 wpm. 
Medkal secretaries with audio experience. 

Unrivalled benefits package, accommodation and 
Ptesse send Ml CV or usepbone far application fonn to: 
Recnritmeot Inter national Tnl. 

Quebec House, Qraebec Street 
Leeds LS2 3HA. Tekphooe: (0532)454288. 



35 IM<-w St-fTt, Lontfcn ECIBIVl " MM 
T<-l OI baQ3LEBo.-0’.580 3b7G 
Tf;!r>« Mo. eB737aPo. Mo. OI 638 9216 

Career opportunity. 


London EC2 £13,000- £16,000 + bonus 

For this appointment we invite applications from candidates, educated to 'A' Laval or 
equivalent, with spoken and written Ranch to mother-tongue standard and excellent 
secretariat state, inducing Ranch and Engish shorthand and wpfac abSty. The Managing 
Director is responsible for the development of the bank's new investment banking 
activities in French-speaking countries and previous working contact with clients in this 
area wifi be helpful m providing full support to the M.D. This appointment calls for full 

commtoneni and flatibity as the applicant wi be an essential part of the team building 

this new effort The job content wifl grow in line with the successful applicant's teliSty.vrtl 
requwe some dent oontact and can lead to furfaer career opportunities. Initial remuneration 
negotiable E13.000-E1 6.000 depending upon experience + dscrationary bonus. 
Apptications in strirtaxtiidence under retererx»FSPA676 to the Managing Diraetor:- 

35 m B88U STREET, LflnOI BON 1«L 
THIKIIC H-588 3581 3578. THU: U7374. FAX: tn- 2 S 68 St 1 


£12,000 pa + £1500 incentive boons 

Responsibilities mdade running a fine wme company and helping 
develop a sales consultancy. 

The ideal amlican! mD be organised and efficient, also 
ciicm contact on lbc telephone. A positive bright pent 
rsscnnaJ. , 

PtHitiOii cnuib wJrithtg with an entrepreneur who very much 
enjoys nn binmcu aciivtues. which are being run from a spacious 
apamncni in Holland Park. 

Please Telephones 
Bruce Templeton on 01 727 1337 


High-Tech in Glorious Gwent 
c. £15000 

You know all about running a business office. 

You can manipulate spreadsheets, write press 
releases, organise sales trips and maybe speak 
a language or two. Havings good degree and 
more dm/e than some of the managers you see 
around, it's time you worked at a higher level. 
You are a sympathetic discussion partner and 
want to be in on the big decisions. You have and 
you appreciate style, diplomacy and integrity. 
You drive well and you don't smoke. Ever. 

The company mates advanced business 
equipment, s young, growing and export led. 

The MD needs your help to keep it happening. 
Write to him now. 

Percell Group Ud- Lee Way. Newport 
Gwent NP9 0SL 


Top London West End ho- 
tel require first dass PA 
Sec (mid 20'S) with 110/60 
skills to wort for their 
M D/Chalrman and PR 

0X10,000 - VC1 

Energetic, intelligent ami pre- 
sentable sec. required for 
young ftm of lawyers dealing 
exclusively with Anglo/ 

Sparash work. Must be to- 
tally tn-lrngual English/ 
Castellano [Not South Ameri- 
can Spanish}, fast and 
accurate typist (shorthand 
not Essemal] and has at 
least 2 years experience of 
working at senior level, using 
WP aid tlx. Bright modem 
offices and friendly 

TEL Michael Sod 
& Associates 
81-242 0848 


01-4*3 3005 



£10,000 + NEG 

Browed m ihHo run office of 
small fnentffy law tarn m 
WG2 Exoenence essential as 
6 abditv to work under ms- 
sure Spanish an advantage 
Tel 01 831 2741 
No Agendas 



j o ansa ftgy MQ nt annum) 
intfng company WenMunnmm 
wh a good educaMM bjctoiouM. 
uwato lypn) ml uettng and ap 
HUtte tor Injures WP Tunvuer 
Menemgraarn) Plenty alani- 
masan ate mbaM. 

We» a Inennr company m 
Ick Reggms Park/BSw SL am. 
Satey aouvalM to 

£11,800 pa 

test be non-smaker am 21. good i 
mft and densely no ageraes 

Cal Henry Kemp ua 
01-487 2571 

Southern fins Lid 
12 Hatley House. 

Upper Kariey SL NW1 


Tbs young UD las itXtKd WC- 
csss earty mmogh ywy tori' 
work and mil suxa ns IBB- 
unt u Heap qi Mb Mn He 
M»els eaenavely ate Ml M 

to rdf m you to montor busi- 
ness horn London As ta 
busness naesu aa m the Fw 
East a knowledge of the «a ora 
language rate M Meal Out 

most xnowiwX o i knritiniy 
Mb a sales.' sueUndang «»- 
nmum. Eunfflan s.'Il typng 
and mseeraun reqund Age 

Cafl 81-431 5645 






. A leading City bank, moving 
Into gear tor Big Bang, has 
recently appointed a cuL 
tured . chaotic and charming 
Chief Executive to lead, as 
wel as make new plans tar, 
Its newly acquired stock- 
broking dmsnn. 

iA tough task - and be needs 

-a semor PA to help him. 
Preferably at graduate level 
and fluent In French, you 
w* be aWe to de m on st rat e 
top e xp e rien ce, a self- 
starter and used to your 
own areas o! resporouaty. 
you win transcend the usual 
PA role fai this exciting 

StaHs: 100/60 Age: 25-35 

726 8491 


One of London's lead- 
ing practices is 
currently looking for a 
conveyancing secre- 
tary to work alongside 
one of their partners. 

Own office, «re 
benefits; Jan pay 

Salary c£1 0,500 

Ring Joyce 
Peasey at RPL 
588 6722 


Dutf and Trotter need an en- 
thustestK and flexible sdes 
prison to wort in thwCtty 
and West Bid tieficatessen. 
Interest m good food and 

Keratin Morris on 627 ) 

news desk nr*r sirw punu 
rJHm vivks inlriUqnH fmgn 
io rt<Mi win, tire dav ((i4iv run 
miwiurd with w iKnUgn 
rtuun» No NTTlrULldJ %MIK In 
«ll»nl »♦. rc&ooo. Fumwi 
d chain stuarl U.ilHdrtM 58S- 
103* Mnrdllh SroU 


We are a City-based International Property Com- 
pany looking for a bright and personable secretary 
to work for two young and busy Chartered Sur- 
veyors and be part of their t eam . 

In addition to excellent audio-typing skills, a good 
telephone manner rtiH, hopefully* some WJr. o* 
perience, you will be expected to organ ise and 
assist in the everday w o rkings of the department. 
The job offers an opportunity to assume a level of 
responsibility and personal input over and above 
normal typing duties. 

Salary; £9,000 p-a. with a High level of additional 

Please send your c.v. to Caroline Dixon Smith at 
Brixton Estate pic, 22-24 Ely Place, London 


up to £11,000 pa 

A sen partner of Ills respected firm of chartered surveyors In canted 
London rewires the into of your good secretanri aid admmsMin stita. 
You wfl have the ooportuidy to get tutor evolved in tas many commi t - 
rants, so nrgsnatng aMty a a must The benefits package nctadas 4 
weeks hoUays and LVs 

Phase contact Keith Mwray 
Alfred Marts Recmitmeat Ceasttitants 
205 Victoria Street, London SUM 
Tet 01-834 9591 


Needs urgently 
First class mature PA 
More an office ad mi n is t ra tor 

To hob the European Sales Director organise and ran a 
amal European Sate Team In EC1. Varied duties Include 
advertising order proceuaiy, copy chasing, otfioa accounts, 
a MHe PAYE a VAT. direct raaa, data base and list mainte- 
nance, touted WP etc. 

The person who wants Hs variety should be able to 
organise her/Ws own time efficantly end have thepafxanca of 

Salary etc anttriey negotiable 

CaB M et a on 01-250 4114 for an a ppointment 


Required by small firm of Chartered Survey- 
ors in West End. Good shorthand/typing 
speeds essential. Attractive salary for the 
right person. 

Telephone 01 387 9796 


An efficient and responsi bl e person is required to 
act as PA to the Principal of a consulting engineer- 
ing practice. Good secretarial skills plus a flair for 
administration required. The position offers a var- 
ied role with wide responsibilities. Own office in 
Georgian bu il d i n g , WCL Salary by negotiation. 

01 636 7102 

I J 3 ;1 r IteHTJI^- 

(University of London) 


P! ! I 


Id Head of Department 
Pmfesser R M tadenen FRS 

Appficatefts are invited from 
mature and experienced persons 
to be PwEonal Sccreay to tee 
Head of Ups large Depvbranit 
Work ndudes typing o> cor- 
respondence and sbentifle 

papers, orgamsaoon of trneL 
teKiSfflor Wffitae eefjrtes 
ted genoal recaption duties 
(must enpy dKiiina rm peo- 
ple). AcoiratB stoSJaand and 
typing is esseriW and a kngwt- 
ulm ol woof proossino 
dearable (trammg oouM be 

Exceflent Terms d Service, four 
weeks hofiday, plus em das 
a Christmas and Easter, (marct 
free Season Ticket Loan. 
SuperafflUBbon sebemg. 

Saiay n range £8432 - £9784. 
fimfiiatlons In writing. induSna 
iW/toMtss S Siw Dejtrf 
mart of tone are! Applied 
BUo^rJr^ial College. Lon- 


need an cxganised, 
knowtedgeabte and 
enthusiastic person to 
help in their country 

clothing step, in London 

Please telephone 
Ala stair Baxter 

01 839 2423 


£6 - 9 k aae. 
Management Consultants 
Knighisbndgc base is seeking 
a good college leaver or sec- 
ond jobber. Liaison with 
raodidatts. and diems and 
ability to become fully 

33 St George Street 
LMba Wl 
01-499 5406 


PA, SW1 

For Deputy Chairman 

in Political 
Experience essential. 
Age 25 +. Salary 

Reply to BOX C39. 

PA £13,000 p.a. 

Career minded PA for 
investment co Wl with 
ability to plan, organise 
and liaise with clients by 
telephone, some 
01-404 4655 


London, Wl ‘ 

The kmnous Wesi End offices ol a busy comrofity tndjng emmy tow 
Parti Late Oder a rwardraj_ postto n n igw njor yra lKt stierttorri mi 

tyoow sMto and helpfor. Vnriy anode. Cross- nong on SH w 
jmdabto. Assisi Cwtpaov Direct* wtb cor res pewtenw, oranfeM 
general admmswbon Lots oi cSeot conao and lefcpta* tasson W 
fe mChte 4 watte hote. 

Please cratod Georgies Attoraao 

Alfred Marts RecraHmeat CmsaKuto ; - 
16 Lansdmme Row, Berkeley Square, Lmtow Wl 
Tel: 01-499 5861 




Small interior design company based in Green- 
wich requires secretarv/pa to be responsible to 
4 directors. Must have shorthand, an outgoing 
and fiin personality and be willing to muck is 
with all dudes. 

Age 25+ . Salary £8.500+. 

Please apply in wri 
Tumpin Goutncto 
Hrefa EmL I 

with CV to Sarinda^ 
161-165 Greovich 
on. SE10 8JA. 

Experienced secretary required for Research 
Funds department of heart research charity. 
Successful appficant must have fast accurate 
audio toping. Shorthand/word processing pre- 
ferred but training of word processing wil be 
given. Age 23+. Good salary arxl benefits. Apply 
with C.v. marked confidential to: 

Mrs S B McNaRy 
British Heart Foundation 
102 Gloucester Place, London W1H 4DH 

e£9,000 + BENEFITS 

CM 01-499 5406 


mmey|Mi and teow te they to* twe an ougotog tom 

Pteisa Ml H?. to t nUmoB. n sum as pKriMa to: . 

Dantel Lewis on 01-836 1094. . 
London Tom Stan Bureau, 


A leading post production |ad% house based in WEtioor SL 

Ideal rowing ttv any Mcretav 
ww in arty mammon. Genuine 

Please tefepbooe 
Claire ok 
01-626 5283 

Law Report October 9 1935 

• 1 1 «5f Vy»V 1 

appeals urged 

Review lQfieof O '* 

OWl Review 1985-86 

Unless legislative action was ^e^L lh L ycar 428 a 

"rtSCSf?? ts 

.i by a Single Lord Juste? reaSno^r *2* a D^iniinary 
rtnc increase m kev rp*r. 5 —?' r 5~ ,n 8 of the papers were 

•WasSsS! psa-sST ” 8 

was, , „ ,* 

" and h «nng) for civil "* 0 ™s had been the introduce 

(«■ 101 civil . ■ Dcen me lmraQUC- 

J ,r John Donaldson 5 10 " ®f l ^ e tw o-judge court with 

ik October sf 5? R °»* A J f u nsdiction , 0 J &T£ESi 

KSSifliS f e defiv ered a fe™ .’ojoriocuiory dedsionsof 

FfoTcffi^ 1 *85-86 J r e t Coun all decisions 
Ute civil division of the Coun of 11,6 «>umy court. During the 

|f Appeal 

► the master 

•Ail* THE compared with 

E l CtaS“iS* lofl !* 

oohstituiion^i a s Rccial the use of sue! 


to P3 

*. Wi 

*55** itra; 

oonstuuiional position whollv 

|dei«n<te„ i orSt EmSJS 

®na they had unrivalled 

opportunities of perceiving. aJ- 
?K»ugn. not necessarily af 
KSSfr defects iTSKnteS 
iSSSUF °T Hwadminisira- 
m the High Coun 
Court of Appeal 

ISF** no l0 " ECT ar »y 

Jrmal requirement or machin- 
S7,. ,or periodic reports to 
£J“ nt . or . W tte public 


* ha " all . the judges of 

vear 744 appeals had ucch 
disp osed of by those courts, as 
" 463 by three- 
was dear that 
... - such courts made 
pcttsible a considerable saving in 

The only proven objection 
was that if the judges disagreed 
ine appeaj had to be reheard and 
the costs incurred by the parties 
on the first hearing were thrown 
away. That risk would be re- 
moved if the cosis thrown away 
were payable out of public 
funds. Since the public purse 
was benefiting from the econ- 
omy in judge-power it seemed 
fair that the public purse should 



« IK 

leads of Divisions and the 
«ng Judges. 


aThe basis of the 1982 pro- 
SMural reforms had been a 
realizauon that time spent in 
9 ourt was extremely expensive, 
f tiere was every reason to 
Ijclieve that the advantages of 
reduction in the cost to the 
parties ol an appeal and a slight 
reduction in the time occupied 
ay each individual appeal had 
been achieved. 

L in the light of four vears' 
penence the question had to 
fee asked whether more should 

In the light of experience this 
year consideration was bein 
given 10 meeting what appeared 
to be a new requirement and 
producing a more even flow of 
work by sitting several courts in 
the first fortnight of August 
in the last fortnight of Septem- 
ber. with a single coun sitting in 
between, when demand was 
traditionally very low. 

The future 

It was not likely that much 
more could be done to reduce 
the costs of an appeal in dvil 
matters, but if increased re- 
sources could be made available 
to the coun or if it were possible, 
by early identification of hope- 
less appeals, to reduce the 



MS * 


■’SB H 


ill . .- - * 

tid *..U 

. ring an appeal from oral 
tegument in court to private 
study in the judges' rooms. 

The fact that there was a 
specialist corps of advocates in 
the Bar and a long tradition of 
oral argument differentiated our 
position from that of the United 
States of America. It was no 
criticism of their system to say 
that we had gone as fer as we 
should in reducing court time. 

- If we were 10 go further we 
would lose the undoubted 
advantage of a dialogue between 
bench and Bar in detecting, 
refining and resolving the cru- 
cial point or points in the appeal 
and. although the expense of 
time spent in court would .be 
decreased, other costs would be 
considerably increased in that 
written- arguments would have 
to be far more elaborate. 

% That was not to say that the 
System worked perfectly in all 
cases. Flexibility and tailoring 
the method “ . 
particular appeals 
essence of the system. 

quired a full hearing, or both, 
progress could be made towards 
the other objective of disposing 
of all appeals as soon as they 
were ready for hearing. 

If nothing was done it seemed 
inevitable that lead times would 
increase with a corresponding 
increase in the number of 
outstanding appeals. 

Hopeless appeals 

The principle that appeals 
which had no chance of success 
should not be allowed to he set 
down had already been accepted 
by. Parliament. Effect to that 
policy had been given in speci- 
fied categories of appeal If the 
practice were to be extended 
across the board there was no 
doubt that the set-down raze 
would be reduced; the success 
rate increased and lead times 

Reluctance to extend Die 

requirement- for leave to appeal 
LSS.iSsIS'S-- probably stemmed partly: fiom 
IhT'S* “ ofdK phrase “l£vc to 
»peaJs was of ibe appca p with ns overtones of 

le system. denying a would-be appellant an 

Time lag in appeals . opportunity of having an injus- 

- It was important to appreciate lice remedied, 
that in very few cases would h , ' Thai was a misconception. 
Be practicable or sensible to hear r Applications for leave to appeal 
an appeal immediately after - if not granted by the -trial judge. 


***** . 

judgment was given in Die trial- 
court. The classic example was 
the dispute under a docu- 
mentary credit which had an 
expiry date in the immediate 
future. There were other exam- 
ples. notably where the media 
were involved. 

The normal pattern of appeal s 
was that the parties had a period 
of about four weeks in which to 
-consider whether to appeal, 
notice of appeal was given and 
the documents for the appeal 
hearing had to be collated and 
counsel briefed. 

;ll was only at that stage that 
the appeal was ready to be heard 
and Dial any inability 10 hear it 
at once could be characterized as 
court-induced. Even then coun- 
sel of the parties' choice might 
not be available. The lead time 
for appeals did not wholly 
represent a period of delay for 
which the court could be held 

. If the court had greater re- 
sources it could hear appeals 
much earlier than at present. 

• The current lead times were 
better than they were in IW-- 
biii had shown comparatively 
little improvement over the past 
12 months. 


During the year 1.604 new 
. appeals were set down. The 
^comparative figures for the 
three previous Z 

(1984-85). 1.449 (1983-84) and 

That represented air increase. 
.. r.»..rrc had 10 be viewed 

were considered by a single Lord 
Justice. Only if he was satisfied 
that the appeal could not suc- 
ceed would leave be refused. It 
• was a preliminary hearing to see 
whether the appeal should be 
allowed to proceed in the in- 
terests not only of the would-be 
appellant but also of all other 
appellants waiting for their ap- 
peals to be beard. . . 

Although it was a matter fbr 
Parliament and the Lord Chan- 
cellor. urgent consideration 
should be given to the desirabil- 
ity of amnding section 18 of the 
Supreme Court Act 1981 and. 
meanwhile of making further 
orders under section 77 of the 
County Courts Act 1 984. 

At the same - time consid- 
eration might be given to an 
alternative approach whereby 
there would be no requirement 
of leave to appeal -in any case 
but, if the trial judge, did not 
dispense with the requirement, 
all appeals would be subject to a 
preliminary examination by a 
single Lord Justice who would 
be empowered- 10 dismiss the 
appeal if in his judgment it 
could not succeed, on full 

Given the present number oft 
appeals requiring full bearing 
and the inevitability that it 



would increase, unless leg- 
islative action was taken to 
enable the court 10 dismiss 
hopeless appeals upon a prelimi- 
nary hearing, some increase in 
key resources had to be consid- 
ered if lead times were n?t to 
lengthen very substantially. 
That was a matter for Par- 

Ii3 jhe establishment of the 
Court of Appeal had tan 
increased by one 
from the beginning or the 
month. That was most welcome, 
but the advantage of the 
appointment of a single ^ddi- 
K ZSXSl down w-ilhoul jg3 judge to a court which 

proportion of ihe appeals set ,, m , unions, 

down look up the 
coon, ihus producing a 
cealed increase in its worldoaa- 
During the year 1 .207 appeals 
had been disposed of following a 

lutinnn Thn mmOatOtlVe Hg" 

but the figures had to be 
With some caution. 
iThc number of appeals did 
nfr refleci tire weight of tne 
dark involved. 

-During the year 374 appeals 
had been dismissed by consent. 

The comparative figuns were 

424 (1 984-851 I 

and 578 0982-831. That down- 

whrd trend suggested that tewer 

Court rooms 


courirooms did not go.” , 
T£ hunhev were not choices 

made but im:. desirability 

On September 30 there were Jjj. r f^giaiion. in 
953 appeals outstanding- The ^ «vc the ex^ ^ 
comparative , m q^j volvcd in to 

i8B©jr..iS{a^ * ss as; . 

Making all a,1 ° tt;im:,:S j nil hi 
drttomons there was no dou 
that that represented a 
increase in the c ° un 5 

Oaastandutg appeals 


Other appeals- 

constderable inroads when 
introduced, but since 1 then 11 

had only been possible to kevp 

with the results of a 

* ML. “ nf ncu- air 

human " d 
nuicnal- ld 3n d should 

Tt 15^a£iSldbcandwas 

report on w hnJi^Ji eX j sU ng re- 
bemg done “ resources 

sounxj- ,0 KhKVC 

scented necesw/ choice 

belief results, but if 

whether to do an > matier for 
s0 what, was ^ecowe. 
pariiament ond^mi ^ ^ h()ped 
dui vome thing would be done. 

Viij{s r 'T SrittBmg number of new ap- 
fc ,lP PCife mirfa decreasing numbtr 
9f appeals diposed of without a 

Using Ute yardstick of “court 

necessary w disW 
afl WiutaadiAg appeals it no 

«w«p 0 eah were set down, m 
“wx.bcwm the year with 

,it- cow. weeks' work outstanding 

*°d eafcd -with the same figure. 

-_ The Times guide to England’s cricket tour of Australia this winter 

Thu9 __ 
Sat IT. 

Sat 18-Mon 20 _ 
Wed 22 


f^Dapart Londtm ,, >j : | 
E ■ Arrive Brisbane 
r u ntiaandaml • "■'■1 

Fri 24- Hon 27 

Wed gQ~ — 

Fri 31 -Mon 3 Nov 
Wed 5 


Fri 14-Wed 19 

Fri 21-Mon 24 

Fri 28-Wed 3 Dec 

Sat 6 -Tu8 9 

Fri 12-Tue 16 

Thu 18-Sun 21 

Tue 23 ■ 

Fri 28-Tue 30 


Wed 1 

Sat 3 

Mon 5 

Wed 7 

SatlO-Thu 15 

Sat 17 

Sun 18 
Thu 22 

Sat 14. 

_ ^ 1986/87 

''Depart] ^ 

■ Arrive Brisbane 
u Queensland 

i v $ E Queensland 
y Queensland 
vS Australia 
Country - 
vS Australia 

v W Australia . 

vW Australia 
First Test Match 
v New South Wales 
‘ Second Teat Match 

v Victoria 
Third Test Match 
v T asmani a 
v Prana 
Minister's XI 
Fourth Test Match 

vAustrafia D/N 
v West Indies D 
v Pakistan D/N 
Fifth Test Match 
B & H 


v West Indies D 

v Australia □ 
v Australia D/N 
v West Indies D 
v Australia D 
v West Indies D/N 

* v Australia 0 
v West Indies D 
Reserve Day 
Reserve Day 
fit Required) 

. Reserve Day 










_ Adelaide 

_ Canberra 




_ Perth 

— Brisbane 





. Melbourne 
. Devonport 



IVOay M-Mym 

Ashes sojourn likely to be 
baptism of fire for Gatting 


By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

ogland’s cricketers 
fly to Australia this 
evening in defence 
'of the Ashes and 
with their collective 
reputation to restore. It is siill 
lire best of all tours. Not even 

The tour party for Australia 


MW Gatting 


J E Emburey 
CWJ Athey 
IT Botham 

N A Foster 

BN French 

D I Gower 

A J Lamb 
C J Richard* 

B C Broad 



. (Kent) 

W N Slack 

G C Small 

JJ Whitaker 

Manager PM Lush 
Assistant manager M J Stewart 
Physiotherapist L Brown 

the rapacious Mr Packer has 
quite managed to change that 

The team will be competing 
on three fronts, for the .Ashes 
- which are preeminent - 
and in two one-day com- 
petitions both of them depen- 
dent upon gimmickry but 
worth winning. There is the 
Benson and Hedges Challenge 
at Perth, arranged as a side- 
show to the yachting and 
involving England, Australia, 
West Indies and Pakistan, and 
the pyjama-dad World Series 
Cup, which takes up the last 
month of the tour and is three- 
sided, with New Zealand chas- 
ing England and Australia 
around the far-flung conti- 

So there is much work to be 
done, and an unprecedented 
amount of travelling. Just how 
hard tire cricket is will depend 
to some extent on the pilches 
The time has passed when 
these could be taken for 
granted. They used to invari- 
ably be good for baiting, 
usually very good, except after 
rain: then, being uncovered, 
they became unplayable. 

1 can vouch for that, having 
covered the last Test match in 
Australia to be played on a 
"sticky dog". It was at Bris- 
bane in December 1950, 
when, all in one day, England 
declared their first innings at 
32 for seven and Australia 
their second at 68 for seven, 
and England, batting again, 
made 30 for six before bad 
light stopped play. 

That put au end, in Austra- 
lia, to uncovered pitches. In 
more recent years, scoring has 
declined there for other rea- 

sons: visiting West Indian and 
New Zealand sides, armed 
with modern . hard-seamed 
balls, bowl much more effec- 
tively than they did. and the 
pilches are not as well pre- 
pared as they were. Perth, for 


example, is unrecognizable as 
what was once the truest yet 
fastest pitch in the world. 

A factor in ail this is the 
growing season. The better it 
is the likelier the pilches are to 
be adequately grassed. Most 
Australian cricket grounds are 
also used for football Only the 
weekend before last the rugby 
league final was held on the 
Sydney Cricket Ground and 
the Grand Final of Australian 
Rules on the Melbourne 
Cricket Ground. Out of these 
centre circles, seas of mud not 
long ago. will come the pilches 
for the fourth and fifth Tests. 

f they should be good — 
and it is a long time 
since they were — En- 
gland will need to do the 
primary things a lot 
better than they have so far 
ibis year. From ihe line and 
length of their bowling and the 
efficiency of their fielding it 
will soon be possible to tell 
whether they are knuckling 
down to it They lack foe 
quality of bowling to get away 
with anything less, even 
against an Australian side 
weakened by South African 

Although their reputation is 
for being as good a spinning 
partnership as there is. 
Emburey and Edmonds took 
only 77 wickets between them 
last season — Emburey one 
every 12 overs, Edmonds 

every’ 14. 

Edmonds's striking-rate was 
foe poorest from among foe 
first 100 bowlers in the av- 
erages and on his only other 
tour of Australia, in 1978-79. 
all trace was lost of him once 


he had fallen out with his 
captain. Mike Brearley. 

Bui Australian batsmen 
spend so much of their lives 
teeing medium pace — there, 
too. it has become the staple 
diet - that Emburey and 
Edmonds, given the chance, 
could leaven foe England 

hey may. I think, be 
better five-day than 
three-day bowlers. 
Some celebrated 
spinners have been. 
David Allen and Hugh 
Tavfield among them. But it is 
time they accepted that foe 
close fielder* with which they 
aim to inhibit a batsman can 
inhibit a bowler more, 
through anxiety for his. 
fielders’ safety*. 

No England captain to 

Australia can have faced a 
harder test of his maturity, 
ingenuity, authority* and skill 
than Mike Gatting — and he is 
on his first Australian tour. 
With none of the traditional 
background for the job. he 
leads a side who have lost 
eight and drawn three of their 
last 1 1 Test matches. He can 
expect neither beneficence 
from the crowds nor respite 
from the itinerary. He has 
Botham to cope with, a large 
press corps to accommodate 
and no experienced manage- 
ment behind him. More than 
anything, he may need tol- 
erance to temper his aggres- 

Botham could almost 
equally be England's greatest 
asset as a potential liability. It 
will be largely up to him which 
it is. though not entirely. Being 
foe focus of so much atten- 
tion, he will be frequently 
provoked. How he handles 
that is going to affect every- 
one. He can as easily lose an 
initiative with his prodigal 
bowling as wrest it by his 
prodigious batting. 


Fighting qualities that can turn the tide 

England have not won a Test match 

for 12 games and now, with Mike 

Gatting at the helm, they face an 
arduous task down under in 

defence of the Ashes. Simon Barnes 

talks to England’s new captain* 

about his hopes and fears for the 

challenge that lies ahead 

year ago, England cricket was entering * 
new Golden Age. A year before that, 
what was reckoned to be die worst 
England team ever to leave these shores 
went off to India . A few months ago, no 
more tfeurthan, England went to West Indies to 
play, it was reckoeed, for the world championship of 
cricket. Today they leave for Anstrafia to play fbr 
world cricket's wooden spoon. 

England have been beaten, in successive series 
this year, by West Indies, India and New Zealand. 
English cricket has never been in a worse state, as 
people say- every other year. That "worst team ever 
to leave these shores" won ft) India from ore-down, 
and the captain, David Gower, seemed to have set 
himself np for years to come. When he »lded to that 
by winning foe Ashes, he and England looked 
unbearable. ’ 

Well, David, it's a ftmny old game, as Peter West 
so penetratmgfy remarked at the time. Gower, then 
apotheosized, is now sacked. The sew captain is 
Mike Gatting: Getting who was dropped in 1984 af- 
ter twice in the same Test match getting himself oat 
leg before without playing a stroke. Once might 
have been regarded as a misfortune. A funny old 
game, as I dare say Gatting has mused to himself. 

People who ran sport like sacking people: sacking 
always looks like decisive action. Bat Gatting has - 
not reversed foe tide of defeat. He has a big job to 
take on in Aostralia and I suppose- he will get foe 
; go wrong. He — and England — coaid 
dowifo a hit of success. The habit of defeat needs to 
be broken. “It has been," Gatting said, “a year of 
leanring for me. And a yew of disappointment” ■ 

Bat tie goes to Australia full of optimism, fbr he 
an indominatable fellow. When people say, as they 
often do, that be is a good, solid individual, they are 
ng about his baOd: He is solid, stolid, 
straightforward: he. is most remarkable -for his 
complete ordinariness. He is not stylish or st r utting 
Or swashbuckling: he is jest good op reliable GatL 
His great quality is that he gets on .with things. 
Frances Edmonds wrote that while Gower ramiMed 
her of a two-year-old filly, Gatting was like a shire 

His solid qualities have never ben seeB more 
dearly than on that disastroas four of West Indies. 

The wicket atSabma Park, Jamaica, ended foe last 
Golden Age before it had began. The virions, 
demoralizing pounding that the England cricketers 
took on it has had a powerful effect on every match 
England have played since. The prune victim was 

He was hit in foe face by that great hitter of hu- 
man beings, Malcolm MarshalL He had his nose 
flattened and two enoonons Mack eyes. A piece of 
: bone was iorantaabedded in foe cricket ball: cricket 
lovely cricket, eh? He went borne to get mended and 
then came straight badt out again. 

“Getting hit in foe face wasn't as painful as 
breaking my thumb, which happened after I got 
back," he said, with fine insouciance. ‘‘In fact, I 
could not believe that foe blow in the face was not could have hit me oa the cheekbone, 
ami that would have been a lot worse. I was 
suffering a little from shock, though. When I dune 
back to the West Indies after treatment, I was still a 
little wobbly on aiy feet, from the anaesthetic in foe 
last operation, the one when they removed the wire. 
I arrived and batted the next day. - 

“I went on to play in the Test, and I expected a 
warm reception, especially from Malcolm. And I 
got it. Bat 1 wasn't doing all that to be a hero, 1 
wasn't trying to be a knight in shining armour. It is 
just that when something happens to you like that, 
you have to say: well, do I mntf to go on playing 
cricket? If yon do, yon have to go back there and 
face it, as soon as yoo can, like someone faffing off a 
horse and remounting straight away. I wanted to go 
on playing, yon see: so it was not a matter of heroics. 
It was, if yoo like, a kind of self-interest. 

B ecanse I am so happy to play for England, 
yoo see, after all foe disapointment over 
six years.” Gatting, yon may recall, was 
one of those players who seemed unable to 
cross the gap between county and Test 
cricket He had more last chances than you'd 
believe possible. Becanse selectors found it impos- 
sible to believe that so consistent a destroyer of top 
quality bowling in-foe county championship coaid 
not do it at Test leveL Perhaps Gatting was trying 
too hard to look like an England player, instead of 
going out there to play we Mike Gatting and 
tmcomplicatedly whacking foe ball about the place. 

Cawing has never been one over-bnrdened by big 
early promise, you conld say. He never feels he has 
a God-given right to play. He needed a lot of 
courage to face a string of futures before he finally 
and resoundingly started to get it right That 
happened on foe torn- to India, when be was part of 
that “worst tearing side ever”, and ended up with a 
tour Test average of 95.83, a century that 
transformed his life and a double century that 
confirmed that he really was a top quality England 

It has not been an easy ran: now foe entire 
English team need to acquire Cutting's own ability 
to defeat defeatism. “1 want this to be a happy 
tour,” he said. “One on which all die players help 

J I.* •*. 

-• *«•* ■.* V" * ..ri 

T‘-< -V . VV .. 
•* •: •-/ .<• ■. • 

V : . *'«•>■ ■ ■ 

«•. - _ *■ *• 

■ : ' * 


Mike Gatting: solid, stolid and straightforward 
each other. Abo, I want it to be snccessfhL Hus is 
up to the players: what are their desires? How much 
do they want to win for England? 

Bcause morale is a little low right now. Over foe 
summer, we have had disappointments, we have had 
injuries, we’ve tried new players, we kept losing 
momentum. Getting beaten by New Zealand was 
very depressing. “ 

I t makes yoo think as a captain: am I doing foe 
right things? What am I doing wrong? It is 
the same with batting: when yon have a ran of 
failures, yon are always analysing things. Yon 
wonder about your backlift, and about your 
initial movement, everything. But when yon are 
going well, you just go out there and hit it. It just 
flows. It is foe same for a captain. When things are 
going well, yon have foe right fed of things, and you 
are always naturally patting the right bloke on.” 

Above all, Gatting wants this to be a happy lour. 
The tour to West Indies was miserable: foe one to 
India is remembered by all as a happy one. It is 
quite easy to make a tour happy. Yoo just have to 
win a few cricket matches. Gatting is aware of this. 
A happy tour, then, is his dearest wish. It is a year 
since foe last Golden Age: surely it is time for 
Gatting to nsher in foe next. 

Botham: asset or liability? 

The om mission from the 
tour commit let* of hoih 
Botham and Gower needs 
correcting. Apart from being 
bad psychology, it leaves 
Emburey as ihc only selector 
id have been on a previous 
Australian tour. 

In West Indies last aimer. 
England were finished as soon 
as they began looking for 
excuses, some of which, cer- 
tainly, were ready-made. In 
Australia under Micky Sirw- 
art. the assistant manager, 
there will be no such indif- 
ference to practice and 

] like to think that foe 
atmosphere in which 
Whitaker and De Freitas, find 
themselves will be altogether 
more conducive to their 
development than it was for 
David Smith and Greg 
Thomas in the Caribbean, 

n the next four-and-a- 
half months. England 
lace a possible 72 days 
of cricket. That, of itself, 
is not excessive. Until 
the early 70s. it could he 
anything up to 100 on an 
Australasian tour. Bui because 
so much of ii now is of the 
one-day variety, the team will 
be constantly on the move. 

There arc no fewer than 32 
flights involving something 
like 25,000 miles in Australia 
alone. In the days when we 
sailed to Australia, tours, al- 
though much longer, were 
correspondingly more 
leisurely. . ’ 

I have been on them - all 
since 1950, when- we left 
. Tilbury on September .14 ppd. 
arrived in Fremantle on Octo- 
ber 9, and have seen all foe 
great changes, most of* which 
have come in the last 10 years 
and may be traced to Mr 
Packer’s anarchistic impact. 

The voyage down under 
helped to establish an under- 
standing, in many cases a 
friendship, between, players 
and press that would usually 
survive the tour. It made a 
sharp contrast to what has 
tended to happen recently.' 
The fact that this time the 
players .themselves are pre- 
vented by their contracts from 
writing or broadcasting will 
spare us for a while from 
having to put up with 
Edmonds's indiscretions and 
Botham's gratuitous criti- 
cisms of the Somerset 

. The pen most likely to cause 
a splash may belong instead to. 
the perspicuous Mrs Edi 
moods, whose presence within' 
the party in West Indies 
earlier this year was another 
sign of foe times. ! have a 
shrewd idea of what Douglas 
Jardine would have said about 
iL But now it is merely one of 
the burdens of a captain's 

Poor Gatting! If he retains 
foe Ashes, against an Austra- 
lian side who. though weak- 
ened by the absence of several 
good players, can only play 
better than foe)' did in En- 
gland last year, he will do well. 
It is likely to be a close thing. 

With the America's Cup 
being raced off Perth while the 
tour is in progress, it is just as 
important that foe cricket 
should be sporting and attrac- 
tive. If not. the game of bat 
and ball will be overshadowed 
by foe glamorous sport of jib 
and tack. 

Keeping England on the straight and narrow 

. Gin-swilling dodderers to 
the left, bouncer-cowed beer- 
sinkers 4o foe right and strid- 
ing like cricket’s colossus 
between them . . . England’s 
new tour manager, Peter Lush. 

Such is the picture that 
some might paint of ihe next 
four months in Australia 
where foe Test .and County 
Cricket Board's marketing 
man will been trusted with the 
role .of making England be- 
have. and perhaps even win. 
To most people, not least 
e gentlemen who have tried 
,l before, the job is about as 
delightful as a hook shot in foe 
face, but Lush is dearly an 
extraordinary character. Fur- 
ther episodes of wine, women, 
gags, drags, ducks and Frances 
Edmonds seem not to daunt 
at all 

think it's the most excit- 
ibing I’ve ever bad the 




mg -o - - - - — - - 

privilege to be involved in." 



s an ex-advemsmg roan 
oll „ a marketeer for Lord’s for 
foe past 1 2 years, he is entitled 
to carry a neat line in propa- 



ganda but ft might also be that 
England have at last found the 
right man for foe job. 

* First and foremost old sins 
have been forgiven. “I'm wip- 
ing foe slate dean," he said 
firmly, implying that 
Botham's smoke rings will not 
be sent for laboratory testing 
and stray Miss Brisbanes will 
not be treated with undue 

A strife-free band . 
of merry men 

And yet the England team 
which takes off today will 
be sure foeir. new theme tune 
is “Ain’t Misbehavin'.”. 

“The players are expected lo 
be. and will be, ambassadors 
for their country. They have 
got to appredate and under- 
stand that They're like foe 
Royal family.” said Lush. 

Given that foe Queen was 
treated to a smattering of eggs 
and protesters’ bare behinds 
on her last uip to the Antipo- 
des, that should make for an 

Lush: optimistic 

interesting time. But far more 
likely provocation for England 
will be the prolific feats of 
Border, ungainly antics from 
Matthews and madly partisan 

Lush appreciates that it 
would be unreasonable to 
expect a leeioiaL strife-free 
band of merry memo emerge 
from that Iol “OF course: 
they're going to need to let 

their hair down from time to 

time and I would say good 

luck to them. The question is 
how they do it and where they 
do iL" And foe answer, he 
ventures, is: Not in public. 

' The man who brought spon- 
sors into Test match and 
County Championship 
cricket and who helped to 
develop match-day .pro- 
grammes that alone made 
£100,000 profit for the TCCB 
- last year, seems to be quite a 
radical choice as tour man- 
ager. He did look after foe 
England B tour of Sri Lanka 
earlier this year, but from that 
to Bo thamesque 1 ad ventures is 
quite a leap. 

He avows foal he would be 
{Tattered in Australia to be 
mistaken for one of “the now 
immortalized “gin-slingers" 
but both age — he is only 47 — 
and bonhomie seem to dis- 
qualify him from the label. He 
doesnH like gin either. 

“I don’t regard myself as an 
authoritarian figure. I think 
one can overdo the discipline. 
You don't achieve . anything 

banging a table and 1 am 
an eminently reasonable 
man." he said with a beatific 
smile that very nearly reached 
his steely grey eyes. 

Marked lessening 
of distractions 

He does, on the other hand, 
appredate the age difference 
between himself and the old- 
est of foe players. “I think that 
might- be helpful in providing 
a bit of wisdom," he said. 

One sage thought that has 
occurred to him is that be- 
tween 32 domestic flights, five 
Test matches and two one-day 
competitions, with the West 
Indies and Pakistan making 
guest appearances, the En- 
gland team will be sufficiently 
occupied with cricket the, 
game: as opposed to cricket 
the soap opera. Exhaustion 
may preclude further scenes 
from Crime and Punishment- 

Should a problem arise he 
claims the strategy exists — 
coded Topsecret* for now — to 

deal with it swiftly, sensibly 
and cleanly. Any similarity- to ■ 
a beheading is 1 strictly 

Lush wholeheartedly sup- 
ports foe ban on foe writings 
of Ihe would-be journalist 
players and prefers wives to 
arrive after the first Test for 
precisely foe same reason — a 
marked lessening of distrac- 
tions. Rumours of “other 
women", as mentioned by the 
redoubtable Mrs Edmonds, he 
insisted, could be dismissed: 
“She's rather prone to 

Lush is of the optimistic 
benL He likes to think that 
England's chances of becom- 
ing an indisdpled shambles 
on tour are remote. “1 am 
looking for a cricket side that's 
going to do well and reflect 
well on foe country. But I'm 
not sure I particularly want 
them to earn a reputation for 
being gentlemen. We'd like to - 
win.” ' > 

i • • V’ i. 


MranHenmungs i ; 


J 3 




l .«-* 


Posy to fulfil 
her Newbury promise 

the form of the 
Sabtei Stud and Farm Stakes, 
Newbury a little under 

ftree weeks ago. looks refi- 

■ne. The winner, Milligram, 
“gs excelled again by finishing 
5“°™. in the group one Prix 
Marcel . fioussac at 
Longcfaarnp on Sunday, 
hcafen only half a length. 

Three days earlier Gold Fee, 
J*bwas third past the post at 
Newbuty, stepped up on that 

Performance by w inning - at 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

Now f am looking to Som- 
PtiSy to lend tier weight to 

the a rgument by winning the 
EBF Mahon Stakes at York 

__ Stakes at 
this afternoon in the hands of 
Steve Cauthen. 

At Newbury this half sister 
to those good horses Cistus 
and Lancastrian showed a 
good deal of promise by 
finishing fourth. However, hex- 
task today is anything but 

Ti patina, a runaway winner 
at Brighton last time and a 
stable companion of Gold 
Fee, incidentally. Sainte Joie 
and Street Party will all make 
lift difficult for her. particu- 
larly the latter two. 

When last seen Sainte Joie 
and Street Party were both just 
pipped in photo-finishes, 
Sainte Joie by Laluche in the 
May Hill Stakes at Doncaster 
and Street Party by SanaabeD 
at Salisbury. Some might say 

that Sainte Joie boasts die best 
form because her race at 
Doncaster was a pattern event 
but Summer Posy's potential 
appeals to me and she is 

No matter how Street Party 
feres. Pat Eddery, her jockey, 
can take another stride to what 
looks like being his fifth 
jockeys' championship title by 
winning the Allied Dunbar 
Handicap on Granny's B ank 
whose chance is best judged 
on that good win at Newbury 
in August rather than her 
disappointing subsequent ef- 
fort at Doncaster where die 
was never in a position to win 
before ultimately finishing be- 
hind Handlebar, among oth- 

My other principal fency at 
York is High Knowl to extend 
his winning sequence to four 
in the Little-Go Apprentice 

With every winner that he 
rides Brent Thomson is 
improving his chance of land- 
ing another job riding in this 
country next season after his 
contract with Barry Hills ends 
this autumn. 

Those who have come to 
like and admire the New 
Zealand-born jockey are now 
more than hopeful that a firm 
offer or at least some son of 
bait will be on the table before 

Now I expect Thomson to 

show .again why his services 
should be in demand by 
winning the EBF Brokers 
Stakes at Lingfield Park on 
War Brave, who was one of 
the four winners that he rode 
in an afternoon at No ttingham 

First time out, at 
Goodwood. War Brave fin- 
ished two lengths ahead of 
Native Dress when they were 
both beaten fair and square by 
Sharp Reminder. In the mean- 
time Native Dress has also 
been victorious. 

As fer as today's best bet is 
concerned, though, I am look- 
ing to Cheltenham where 
decree is napped to register 
his third victory on the trot in 
the Churchdown Handicap 
Chase in the excellent hands 
of Richard Dunwoody. 

By winning the Whitbread 
Trophy over the lug Aintree 
fences during the same meet- 
ing Glennie showed that he 
ought to be able to take the 
tricky Cheltenham jumps in 
his stride as well. 

Indeed, if he is to be taken 
seriously as a strong contender 

for this year's Mackeson Gold 
which 1 

Cup, which will be run over 
today's course and distance at 
the beginning of next month, 
he ought to be capable of 

giving weight and a beating to 
‘ ‘ i after- 

in father’s 

Bocatower demoted 
after battle royal ■ 


Walter Wharton has ndden only 

: cncnn DUX PC 


Tony Gnukn woo the 
Cheltenham GoM Cap on 33-1 
chanrc -Gay Donald 31 jean 
. ago. Yesterday,Tooy*sse«ToiQ 
-rode bis first CbeftealMiBr win- 
ner when he gave the top weight,. 
Wily Yeoman, a beaotxftal ride in 
the Ajax Anfttw Riders' 
Handicap -Chase. " 

He joined Mart Brodstock, 
riding the lading Ctonconakk, 
at the tap af the hOl and then 
toot command jureping the sec- 
ond last. He met the ratal fence 

Pat Eddoy and Grevflle 
Starkey had a battle - royal 
throughout the final fiiHow of 
the BBC Radio York Maiden 
Auction Stakes - yesterday, with 

Starkey snatching victory on 
‘ rt bead from 

his six opponents this 

Granny's Bank, twice a winner at Newbory this term, will be 
in action at York today for the Allied Dunbar Handicap 

perfectly and stayed a strongly 
to bald off Feat Stick- 
Grantham, pupil-assistant 
with WDy Yeoman's trainer. 
Josh Gifford, was riding Ms 
second wreaer of die season, and 
Us ambition is to be champion 
amateur before turning ran* 
Sessional next year. 

Alan Spence, the owner, raced 
to Cheltenham by road yes- 
terday from a boifn t si muting 
in Lenta and arrived jos t in 
time to see Us horse PdHnconrt 
start a short-priced foraarite for 
the ffrst division of the 
Gotheriagtan Novices' Hnrdle. 

After landing the odds by a 
very comfort) 

Peffincomt v 
i his i 

trainer, Reg Akehnrst, that the 
horse was feeling the firm 
grosad a tittle bit. 

Spence revealed the sad news 
that Us grand old servant 
Freight Forwarder will not be 
able to ran this season. **He was 
ready to go to Warwick last 
month for the race he wins every 
year when be njtnd- a - leg 
cantering. He'll be 13 next year, 
so I dour know ff he'll mr race 
again," Spence said. 

Bocatowerby a short ! 
the favourite. Silk Topper. 

Bui the first two ptacings wens 
reversed after a stewards’ in- 
quiry, when, it was 'found that 
Bocatower had accidentally 
interfered -.with Silk Topper as 
the - pair- raced home eign • 
lengths dearof Beat Street. 

This was Pat Eddery's first 
winner since Ms Arc triumph on- 
Dancing Brave on Sunday, 
while WQIiam Hastings-Bass, 
who trains Silk Topper at New- 
market, continued his fine run 
of success by bringing his score 
for the season to 22. 

The demotion of Bocatower 
left his Pidborougfa trainer Guy 
Harwood still needing two win-, 
nets to top the century on the 
domestic scene this season. He 
is A present just one behind 
Henry Cecil. 

waner w uu - - 

three winners this season, but he 
had his second success ^tn six 

days when he partnered, 12-1 
shot White Of Mora to victory 
in a big field for die BBC R^Jio 
Sheffield Selling Stakes. 

Wharton, who also scored for 
Man McCormack's sag*®* 
Websters Feast at 
Iasi Friday, had White Of Morn 
handily pfaced from the start. 


I L:‘- O ■ 



The 23 -strong field split into 
two groups, with the fer ate 
bolding the advantage through* 
ouL White of Mora was at the 

V> • - 
21- * 

ouL White of Mora was a* 
head of affairs tar halfway. amT P 
the Wantage cwt held off .** 
late challenges of HigfcJand 
ige and Pilgrim Prince by 
'a length and a peck. 

There was a stewards' 


but the ptaongs were confii 
and White -of Morn - the 16th 
winner this season for Me* 
Cormack - was bought rtl far 
4,200 guineas. 

Contemplating action 
for Sunday racing 

Br Michael Seely 

-f w 

■.*4 • 

•f*.. . 


The Jockey Club committee 
of inquiry- into Sunday racing 
was sitting under the cha ir ma n- 
ship of General Sir Cedi Blacker 

before betting would be pennit- 
i a Sunday. 

led on 

yesterday ai Porunan Square 's) 
decide what action to take after 
the meeting with leaden of the - 
church on Monday. 

When the Shops Bill was- 
surprisingly rejected by Par- 
liament in May it was assumed 
that the Jockey Club would 1 
abandon their plan as itrwould 
also need a change of legislation 
in the Gaming Act of 1963 


General BlackeT- 
has been led to believe that 
many opponents of the Shops- 
Bill might be willing to conskfer 
less drastic changes in the. 
British. Sunday. 

He is. .therefore, canvassing 
support for . the introduction of 
Sunday racing on a limited 
scale. A statement on the find- . 
jugs of the committee- is ex- ; 
peered in due course. 


130 OICK TURPW NURSERY HANDICAP (2-Y-O: £3J63: 6f> (11 runners) 

By Mandarin 


2.00 Lady Attiva. 
2J0 Summer Posy. ' 

3.00 Granny's Bank. 
130 Brewin Time. 

4.00 Uscta. 

4 JO High KnowL 

By Our Newmarket 
2J0 GreenhiOs GtrL 
2.45 Street Party. 

3.00 Granny’s Bank. 

3 JO Mighty Bold. 

4.00 Otridos. 

4 JO Royal Dynasty. 

By Michael Seely 
2J0 Tipatina. 3.00 USFAN (nap). 

The Times Private Han dicapper’s top rating: 4.00 LISETA (nap). 

• Guide to onr in-line, racecard 

«n fi2) »M32 nresFtafcoJFllMriJnyMyiBHms-ind 


. sweat n « 7-a 

■bt 1 ” 1 merrier. Draw to brareala. Sbc-Agm < fatono e_ wh— *- BP-teaton toworite to 
(gnu if - lad. p-njagd up. [hnuaSd rime. B- race). Outer n> tnctos. Tramor. Ago and 

**3* nmptoaiy afimranca. Thattoias 
fttoaw Hamfcappars tatoig. Approwma «amng 
D-dutnnca ware. CO-course and Prioa. 

Going: good to firm Draw: low numbers best 

10 AMSTY SELLING HANDICAP (3-Y-O: E2J44: 1m 2f 110yd) (7 runners) 

















000041 LADY ATTWAtPO-SdteranJP Rohan 9-8 (5re) 

043400 LOUOLAMOMSlto»ASMfing*D»^WHa«Big**B»07 
040000 OUT OF STOCK (Mre U Faktnim) M Efianstard 9-5 
340320 C3NEBMU.’SO«L(V)(tAtjdus)M Ryan 9-4 

001000 STATE JESTER (S) (E Barter] W Story 9-4 

to 7-1 
87 9-2 
M 7-2 

000000 UmQNSHtaTWE0MonRanBMM4RVtoiafear»12 
acamuATOn (A Lymnc Booth 8-ii 

OMcKaman — 14-3 
MMBa 0 99 MM 

HAL70N STAKES (2-Y-O FUbb: £5.312 7f) (8 runners) 







Of 1MTM |D) (Mm C AMxandari L Quman 0-13 ... 
00 APPR0ACHMB STAR (FGatognar)R Steadier 8-6 
0 MHJLRELD8 HOUSE (MtflggtosIB McMahon 84 

• 99 3-1 

70 14-1 

MSS WUrnMOOE (A Lyonto C Booth 00 

82 SMNIC4QE(KM-SaldtUPiggoa0« 

32 STREET MRTV (E Mo4h) G Wrag9 M 
4 SUhtoBJI POSY (Sir MSobaq i Batting 8-4 
TURTUft M (J UOyd) J MAntar 8-8 


bom Rare! 

nra. £964; firm. Sow 22.^H 

Doncaster Gra*> 3 overt (1m, £1^1 

cau»tandbB M i n anecfctiySin iiii iiil(ll ll) UB 

ototo-sWarto UaajaB l are ahoraiimprwBOnlSe 

Mi) a oomtotebto 71 winner to Brighton tost Oma (7f. £95G. Srm. Sapt 1 

lomortos^lliAITOOACHSIG STAR (011)a«fi to Three Tate J0lT)al 

» ranL SAWTE JOE (8-6) f»i on when a shore head 2nd to Latudw 

IB. 13ra9 




ffi- 11 ) tried tomato aBtxAjuto 

. £3065. firm, Sopt 10, 18 ran). SUMER POSY o 

5X148) ID too useful poop placed MSgram (0 

gtolta^jffMgkflOOdL Sept 19.27 ras. 

10 ALLIED DUNBAR HANDICAP (£4,688: 1m) (11 runners) 

s « 

s (7J 
■ 9 4101 
tt (SO 

12 W 


000000 ' RED RU8SEU (A OuftaUI R Ctovert 007 . 

INmaia a 94 — 

. W 

. M Raherta 95 01 

Ttoaa 90 01 

RT Canon a 99 02 

(5) OHIIO-a 8PR0I8III HIT STEP (D) (Mrs E Mark*) MPrascttt 403 ODdMd 91101 

P) 1223UJ ORAMHT3BAHMDnF)U James) W Kanto{p08S& A01 PMEddMy 97 F7-2 

001090 SAMS WOOD (D) (H VMgtn) M Torapidns 5-8-6- 

4211-00 OPEN HERO md-EdoM# A Stewart 306 

011223 HAMOLEBAR (1*1 M Haggasl-J WWMb 4-0-4- 

92212 U8ra»tfCOJF)(PnmaAARtea8JOontop304 

18 .(3) 901-443 CENTREPOWTp)(MraPYong)JBnerin0on30a 
W (G) 911200 StQMOREOOON£(RBF)(Bah8w)M HEarortiT 400 

21(11) 330100 BROWN BEAR BOY (FNorlfiCOBinArtnmong 40 

2f (9) 9O30W WARM WB£OME(B|(EM04odereagg 300 

FORM jWWLaARg-igte wryxonah tentartowaartgtt uptOhtebeMvihanaardlPlhalnxTOvad 

r V^ nf l .Fai CouftoY (7-10) at Ooncsaaar last tom (tm/Ei3?49. good to tom. Sept 13. 16 ran) with 
ORAMreS BANK (7- Ifflnerar htxtoto® toe Imten 4«1 avmy to 7th. I&AII dto not get a dear run when 
favourite m Goodw ood las t ttownWocafy (00) beat Manmoara (9-0) 2W here an aeffemoer 4to (Ira. 
£3480. good. arH.SP«Ng Si MTSTg Is best M ato sora eqve to we growid. Had a nine ooener 061 when 
5X1 3n«p Rvhome&flM StoKtoMmtoUttoieOm. 63753. good to tom. Seat 24. 11 ra^CTANNY'S bahk 10 
1) eoueandthratigh to toad mate ftwl firiong Mian bandog Moona Metal (7-5) W to Newjuryrtm, ES55. 
good Ana 15. 13rirt on iperatoimtooultog.snNOHE<XX)NE was fevoirte butcouidorattoashGKt ton here 
Gi>i».a«t term (10-0) atoen 1 1 2nd 10 Ramwns (0-1 ) at Beverley (W iqOyda, £1582. good to tom. Aug 17, 

S et to&irffllFAI I 

010 SUPREME ROSE |E Badger) W Masson 07 . 

402030 SPAMSH SUPPER (B) (R Jotoision) W Htogti 07. 

11 on 

15 (4) 
18 (8) 
20 (9 

22 ( 5 ) 

23 (10) 

01130 EWS1EM(DMF) (Mrs MBWRStde)M Camacho 06. 

400 FRANK THE BANK (S ftiwoP) J Sutctffe 00 

3100 NORAPA gl) (A Wtagg) M Bratsai 013. 

00311 BREWIN TRIE D (P Bribe) U H Eastarhy 8-12. 

311004 SPITTIN WCX (SanWnoor Ttfxttes Co Ltd) M H EastBrtiy 010- 

00400 WQHTY BOLD (B)(RAioNnR Armstrong 010 

314004 RALA'S MACE (I Ptory] G MOOra 01 . 

011202 GOOD TIKE (RRL (D3F) (D CTBrmsi) R Hamon 7-10- 
00400 CALLACE (W Westtoo) A Smito 7-8 

. M Wtgftam 

99 — 

K town (5). 

97 7-2 


99 01 


98 — 

~ KOartey 

97 12-1 

— MBbch 

• 99FS2 

— J Lone. 

99 02 

. W Carson 

99 101 

. A Mackey 

.97 01 

- O ften ch 

99 — 


SB — 

FORM .*» *** MM firne ou. 


easy S ««n over Neechvood Nut (01 l) in a N oM ntf a m 
TK (00) boat Panacho 102) 1 *1 to Haydoc* (to. 0456. 

20 , 

sottraound . 

12 ran) and should appreciate thi 

I. good. Seta 5. 20 

7) ass beaton juat over a when 4th to Ctfbt 
tato . MIGHTY BOLD could only 

•560. good to tom. Sept 

Aug-11. 17'nw). BBO wi 

Htaonfy previous form was on 


tone out prwnously (7-1 1 j cau^a to the Anal strides in the race won by Shades of Night (£0) « Hampton (Bf. 
" “ 8, 18 ran)- OOOO THE GfRL has been trice In the frame ' “ 

£1702. good to firm. Jwa 23. 8 ran). 

-4« Kerapton(6r, 
a (8-8) 41 wnn ovar 

4J) GREEN HOWARDS CUP (Claiming Race: 2-Y-O: £3,646: 1m IQ (17 runners) 

2 (3) 
6 (8) 

32F281 M0RMNQ FLOWER g Hartrig) R J WdBaras 03.. 

01 OBKIOS (MS H Oometnou) J HanSay 012 



89 7-2 
B3 02 

8 (5) 

9 (10) 
« dfll 
12 (13» 

14 (4) 

15 04) 
17 (7) 

19 (1) 

20 tfi) 

22 (15) 

23 (17) 

0000 RtRMMS MONEY (Lord Udord) J Wltson011_. Jute Bowtrar (7) 

00 BBNETTNORPE (rappodnmo Raong) M W Eesreby 08 Mfcam 

944003 CASTLE CORNET (Irarogroup Hottngs UftR Hvnon S« RCocteram 

81 — 

80 — 
90 — 

0 BRAWY BOTTLE (Lord Porcteaterj W Hasflnga-Basa 03__1 

- W Canon 


B nrani fT ns«) P m 

G Ranch 

mo WAHWA (1 l-Col E HarrUn) G fVechard^Vyrlnn »-3 



go GUF QF ftrylD (I rrti Ri^vx) M W A-i 

-. G Carter 

re toVTYlIF (J M Tnmpfc^r 

.. MRfMMr 

77 — 

Olfi RUM VKLLFV (H ftemnUns) P Haotem 01 ^ - 

. JScte)r(7) 

82 01 

24 (9) 

77 — 

25 <29 
27 (11) 

• 99FS2 

8 BRAJEStic IfiSS fM WntMnr) G Ctomyii 7.19 

. M Wood 

240808 EUROCON(W Seram □ Chapman 7 11 

. J Load 

93 01 


infer 11200gns 

) ndoen out to oeet 
i8» treap *' 


a fter O eetoigRUWB VALLEY (08) aim a safier to 

Ooncasw(8f Hcap.H 

Mtien 5tol 3n1 to the veryH 
9 - 11 ) edged left doae homewhenH 
longer top should hold no fears today 

'.1 0 ran) OBBJOSffl-illoougnt 
. (8I.E2B37 gooowtom.0a2.l4 

: g ^ pul up uesi eftori to aete on onea start open jm am tO 4to to laiuca Lake (00) at 
£4084. good Sepi 10. 5 ran). WAMBA (00) is probaav heat jitogad an pentotirasiB stan 
rary usaM Touca Lake ffi-7)« Wotoartrampmn (7LE1051 . good. Aug 4, 12 ran) LISETA 
1) 2nd to Sunana (011) at Ayr (71. £3883, good to tom. Sept Ik 12 ran): a 

4J0 UTTLE-GO APPRENTICE STAKES (£2J48: 1m 4Q (7 runners) 




5 (4) 0000-00 BN MAJED(POUonnal)C Spates 4010. 
8 (5) 423111 MGH KNOWL (D)(KAbtUa)B H«s 009 _ 

(7) 202040 FQU DANCE (D) (Mrs JMcOougtod) I Baldtog 400. 
(6) 0001 OVMUP (D)-<D Fatohnar) R Wnaket 400. 


10 (2} 

00213 CROWLEY Qft (NHtotQLCuwt 000 

00012 ROYAL DYNASTY (D) (E Mofier) G Wragg 002. 
11 (1) 120200 SENDER (DJF) (N Hunt) A Strawt002_ 

90 TO-t 

NCaraoa(0) — 25-1 
— P HM (3) 97F04 
SO uaten 99 02 

DSon #90 11-4 
OCUaffll 96 01 

UP (S-4) uran si 
Sepr 25. 4 ran). CROWLEY 

couto not quotan m toe final uanar rmte wtwn 
to tom. Sept 13. 5 ran) ROYAL DYNASTY 
. y (00) mace a» told Halo on moeao-newotoi 

41. £52Z good. Aug 8. 7 ran). HKM KNOWL (00)1 Ml boesm 3rd chara. has nor i 
usnpletad a hat-tnc* vttten bea&ng Normam Ametnyn (07) a Bam (i m 5t. £1 605, good to tom, Sept 


hi Ayr namanri to 
(0O)«- - 

Course specialists 


Winners Runners Per Cant 


J Dunlop 




Par Eddery 




1 Balding 




W Carson 




B HRs 




T hies 








M Kfis 








S Cauthen 




R Armstrong 









34) ORE SELLING NURSERY HANDICAP (2-Y-O: £1 .033: 60 (15 runners) 


.By Mandarin 

200 Thunderdome. 

2J0 War-Brave. 

3.00 Kibara. 

3 JO Highly Recommended. 
4430 Topeka Express 

4 JO Northern Amethyst ' 

By Our Newmarket 
2.00 Thunderdtune. 
2.30 Foresight. 

3-00 Kibara. 

3 JO Ambrasini. 

400 Topkea Express. 
1 Lake Erk 

430 Lake Erie. 
5.00 Pointed Lady. 

Michael Seely's selection: 3 JO Highly Recommended 

Gcring; good to firm Draw: high numbers best 

24TGRE CASUALTY HANDICAP (£2,236: im 21) (15 runners) 

i « 
3 (14) 

T: § 
9 (15) 

10 (3) 
n n°» 
12 (H 
14 (71 
"16 p« 
18 ffi) 
21 ( 6 ) 

22 («Z» 

23 (S 
34 (19 


413021 MARSH HARWB1 (CJ) (F Hft) A Moora 0100 (7»g. 
300000 PORTOOOM (T Marshal) il Ustier 809. 

140000 RAPB1LAD(D)(SBdrst)erry)JSp0amg802. 

200234 SOHLEY SAftlT (Statey Holdings UQ) P Wtowyn 300- 
-140400 REDfetfCfgpHonajaNtQM Bohan 0013. 

Candy Moora 

D Mcicay 


93 02 

TALK OF OLOtTY (C) (E OaACan) L CtobW 0012. 

304423 TOM HOMESTER (C3(PJut>ert)PMfcliafi 0012- 

ffftwM naSKHACKBI (B Hears*) G Harwood 301 1 

001940 Tto-TAPg Wtbarlorea) A f4dB 4-8-10- 

. WRSnMwa 




, ,, ... , . S WWtarofth 

01902 8 nCKKNKIirr(V)(Watooa Farms Stud Ltd) Khory 006 AShotots^ 

042443 HEAD OF SCHOOL (RAsMuam) Pat MUM 307 Jflatd 

000800 TANA MtST (R Voorapuy) R Vocarpuy 4-09 . 

97 01 
37 12-1 
• » 4-1 
90 01 
93 — 
SS — 
— 86 

00001 THUNDERDOME in (ESStoiar)OD0iMb 307 (7ei4- 
200222 PEARL PET (B Oman) PMahn4^T 

800814 ftaMI D HamtSiWi 30 

98 12-1 
32 — 

aan EBF BROKERS’ STAKB (2-Y-O: £1j981: 6f) (20 runnners) 

~ iutive DRESS m)p4ra-lMcnougaiw‘Btoi*«g*P 
941 WAR BRAVE (O) (S’®* 1 ' MoftSHTOtoH J OurAap 9-2 
* BUY more ACT (Mr. J SlageO J Smctfla »il 

2 (9 

3 (4) 

7 (1fl» 

8 pti 

9 P0 
10 PS 
.11 (B 
«. CSl 

19 P) 

30. p» 

31 (7) 

32 1 20) 

33 (12) 

34 C2 

36 P» 
'37 ® 
39 P«. 
43 (1» 

45 *2 ‘ 

m SlXOiraCONQlta(OtotoOHHuW«*wn0ll PHtocMmoaffl 

[.anan fir RgM B Akefnjrst 011 — - - — — * Clark 

il ShctPt o Haranan) W Haayritafrll « 

834 HJRES tOHT (gn*h Mohammad) L p ^S° a 011 

BOB LWOVAHO(B)(J Anro»rong0U 

0 nStaraP AMUR* F Dim 011 


mm THE ® 0 P 1 ER(Mr» L Barrage) LHOB0H. 

w* — 7ai hi lllraail R AM 

wQobfsn nfThnffiftiB SeClUttiBS) R Ak0hUfHW1. 

a |uad£ 'IIME (R SunnjB) J StoMe 011 

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— 01 
76 — 

A MeGSona 

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X SoEROMH QUEEN (W Horton) L Pm** 0» 
:40 COHVWUA Rte*p Hannon 0d 

q KNlTIWOCKff lShBariMohtoinraqJDirtop 
»CFORY OWL (KVa P Lee) M J Hayna* 08 . 

. JIM 14 
_ BRoom 
, RFC* 

M 12-1 
— 12-1 

SJEftVE IT TOtLEV (C Cyz»0 M UlfiOf ^0— 
800 gpUNSBY 3RMS WWO) R Woorspoy 0d~. 

.. C MMr (3) 
. SWhtoaorth 

Course specialists 


pwate^> ; 



nukmara Runners 

Par Cbm 

Wkners Runrn 





G Stekey 


















.. . • 8 



J Mantras 




. - .12 



B Rouse 







G Baxter 




- — . -• 

- — 


3 P0) 
* P) 
8 (8) 

11 P5) 

12 (4) 

13 (1*) 

14 (12) 

15 (2) 

19 PI) 

20 (7) 
22 ( 5 ) 

24 (6) 

25 (3) 
29 (9) 
31 P3) 

0000 UTTLE-LOCHETTE (Mrs K Orson) D A Wfeon 07 . 
0008 BUkNDELL BEAUTY (OBBsan)M Bolton 9-4. 
04028 BOLD MDEAWAY (B) (P Savd) A Shaaihto 04. 


010 nBARA<CO.BFHMasMBriUsaCk)PHaaam012_ 

80000 LADY WESTQATE(K Jaffa) M UStW 012 

024000 SARASOTA (A Paywr) R Akahunt 010 — 

00030 USASHAM(B)(R Upton) P fctahjn 010.. 

•5 — 
93 01 

000 EASTBW PRINCESS (A Hays) M Usher 010 

0100 MISS MARJOfOE (A Drttnch) L HO# 8-8 

000000 YOUNG CSTTURION (V) (T MarshaB) M Utoior 07 
00300 PHOEBE (B Minty) C WNdman 06— 

C Radar (3) 

_ PI 

09 01 

96 101 

97 — 
96 12-t 

303220 MSS ACACIA (B) (C Armstrong) R Stobbs 08- 

•7 — 
97 01 

0000 DOttolA NMOBdE (J Horgan) R Hannon 0 

00300 SNAPSHOT BABY (B)(P Bingham) RVOorspuy 00 

034 CAWSTOJkS COMEOTAN (O Wootertl A Mgnam 7-a 

LRfggie(7) S3 — 
— N Ad— 99 01 

3-30 GRE PROPERTY HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £3 J79: 7f 140yd) (12 runners) 









032410 BOWL OVER (H.CDJ lA H006S) P Makai 07 

204300 AMBROSM (V) (A Knstman) M Jarvis 06 

020020 SUNNY MATCH (Mrs H Mactarianv) L Goitral 01 

003408 AUTO ELEGANCE (K Beatanom) M FeOwreton^Odtey 01 

003121 HIGHLY RECQMMEWEO (Lord McAtpma) P CundtA 9-0 (5aa) 

040010 NATCHAKAM (CDBP) (Mrs L Fostar) D Moorhead 013 

240000 STRIVE (A KoDy) M Smyly 010 

00443 LMASH (E Motor) G Wragg 09 

22 PD 
29 (HI 
35 (12) 

000 8RTTWYDD (A Hodge) C Booth 08.. 

210324 QIVMQ IT ALL AWAY (BF) (R DBttay) H Beasley 07. 

112003 MSTER MARCH (T Brake) R Hutchmson 03 

PatoEdtery •» 01 

— R HBs 97 101 
TWMaara SS 01 

DMehay 96 01 

NCMMb 94F4-1 

100021 GERSHWM (V) (Mrs E ODonaaW D OTDoanai 7-12 (5ax)- 

4.0 GRE BLUE PLAN MAIDEN STAKES (Div t 3-Y-O: £959; 7f 140yd) (16 runners) 

1 P5) 

2 pa 
ti m 
14 (5) 

17 m 

18 on 

19 P3| 

20 (16) 

23 (1*) 
25 (6) 
28 (10) 
38 (3) 
37 (4) 
44 (9) 

47 (7) 

52 (2) 

BAHBBtSHOP QUARTET (Mrs D Paopn) P MibM* 00 AMeGkraa 

30 BOLD ADMRAL (BF) (Shtom Manammed) M Stouts 00 WRSwtabun to99F01 

04-400 PAS DE REGRETS (MPanrajDAmutonol 00 G Starfcsy 03 — 

00020 ROYAL BEFKStRRchardsIL Gotten 00 TLaag(7) 77101 

032024 TOPEKA EXPRESS (BF)(S Yu) B Armstrong 00 PTuk 90 01 

000000 VAIGUAN (B) (Mrs D Shoiey) J BarieH 00 I RaM 8S — 

000 VXEE (T Bake) B Hutcrunson 00 P HHChtoaon (3) — — 

000020 vnZZARO MAGIC (B) (0 Myers) M Haynas 00 T WIBtoaa 90101 

0OO CASA ROSAOA (Lord Howard oe Warden) WJarvts 011 Paul Eddery — 01 

000000 CHERRY GLORY (Mss N WvanaM) W Wigtuman 01 1 D Mdtav 

34-4300 EASTERN COMMAND (ft) (Brook BklOdstock ole) JOurteg 011 RFox 94 01 

000 KINGSFOU} FLAME (Mrs BNyelM Haynes 011 BRoaaa 

400000 LADY WMOMLL (G Swiberg) K Ivory 011 G Morgan S3 — 

PEGGY DRIVE (J O-Donojpue) J OTJonoghue 011 P CTLoary — — 

ROYAL NATIVE (HeeViavon Statfts Ltd) J Spearing 011 P Cook — — 

0 WHO-STKATGOtL(MrsABaH«l)MFelt<ernO(v(3a(llay011 R Mto 101 

4 JO GRE TRADEPAK STAKES (3-Y-O: C & G: £959: 1m 41) (7 runners) 



232122 NORTHERN AMETHYST (B) (Mrs M Cooper) D Sswarth 02 

241 TAVHU (K Buchanan) G Harwood 02 

LAKE EWE (R Songster) M Sroute 011 

000000 MARKEUUS (Mss E TuVy) R Boss 011 

BRoaaa 90 2-1 

— OStortray to99F04 
WRSotnbom — 01 

— 73 . — 

3*2402 MMAGE DANCER IB) (Mar SCayzwiR Smyth 011 P#ui Etktory 94*-1 

0 MUSKET WET [Mrs A Emanuel) H Baastoy 011 

000 PRWCE BOLD (B) (Uyd Grananll J Qunloa 011 . 

*1 — 

5.0 GRE BLUE PLAN MAIDEN STAKES (Div Ik 3-Y-O: £959: 71 140yd) (16 runners) ' 

1(3) 76 101 


























1 i 












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■ - i 






HARE WIND 1G Grtfin) A Tume* 00. 


Paul Eddery 

A McGfana 90 — 

SA1WAAH (M Ai Kaktoum) A Stewart 00 M Banner 87 01 

AGGIE (Mra M Cottoon) R Hoafl 011 .Z!Ia'Mbc*b* — — 

BIM K HATDu n (Dana Stud Ltd) J Dunlop 011 s Thomson 97 01 

DELTA ROSE (Mrs F Hams] C Senstaao 01 1 .. B Rouse 74 101 

JEWEL MIST (M Neuman) J Long 01] N Adwrts - — 

LA SHAKA(C BKkwom A Mom 011 71 P fthirat 

MAXALU (T Wsmer) M Jarvts 011 . " j 1 .45 4-1 

OPAL IUWBI (F Hsotar-5aiir>oerai H cohngrtdge 011 _.... w R Stonbum 73 — 

POWP^DLADT (Kmdortrrfl Corporaoon) R Armstrong 011 Q Ptrtsr 91 101 


00222 SXEAN (BF) (Mrs J Cnanctort G HaTwcw Sir. 

GStartey W39PZ-I 



By Mandarin 

2.15 Melendez. 2J0 Sam Da Vinci. 3J25 
GLENRUE (nap). 4.0 Diamonds High. 4J5 Slip 
Up. S. 10 Butlers Pei. 5.40 Water Eaton Sandy. 

CLUB NOVICE HURDLE (3-Y-O: £1^00: 2m) (6 

2 3122 BRENT RNBtSBE GBttSag KV-13_ RtoaMtO) 

3 3119 HADPOR LAO.m F Jordan 1013 CSta 

5 111 NBBtDEZ M^m 1013- PScwteam 

7 211 RBOWDPJ Jones 1013 CMm 

9 DEPUTY MONARCH Dams SnWi 1010 C Grant 

17 113 WMDBOIMDLASSg)1flHoklWl0l NCottoMH 

156 Motendez. 11-4 Rtoovrio. 02 Oapufy Monar ch . 11-2 
Brem Rhmrsoa. 01 WMimna rare 14-1 HROten Lad. 

2J0 BMW SERES CHASE (£3,093; 3m) <5) 

2 -P12 SAMBA VMQ(D)MF)JBknM711-10 O 

3 320P BLL»8UMPSCPa^«B01l-& 

5 201 KAMAG D Motor 011-6 MrPtteaor 

6 2212 RfiGtPTOM«STBt«BP)W«arap0U-6_ SSMteaa 

8 -304 WASSaajJtoaran 011-3 JWNto 

7-2 Ktonag. 102 

13-8 Sam Da Vinci. 04 M^Hy 
VVassom, 101 BWy Bumps. 

2m 40 (7) 

BUEflXW Casa* 0124 (Sax) RDb 

! TNKW Kmm 011-10 II J I 

T SHOT (D) G Hubbard 0108. H 

1 1-11 GraRBUEl 

2 -391 wax' 

4 980 STRAY SHOT | 


6 920 AUQHRA BOURA (0) J Gafartl 1010-1 

7 2-13 BOOK OF KEUS to) JBfemMfi 11-100 (Bu). Dl 

9 424 MARANBMF)JCOIaito>0IO0 41 

l08Qtenn« 70 WSb Hmea. 0 1 Bot* Of Kate. 7 1 Stray 
Shot 101 Mtowtaa Sana Back. 101 AugnraBoura 

Course specialists 

from 172. 54%. 

JOCXEYSsP Barton. 9 wkarars bora 80 Mas, If^Bc P- 
Scudamore. 22 from 230.90%^ Moratraad. 9 tan 108.03%; 
H Oawaa. 5 farm 109, ^6%. (On^ four qutefiatS). 


(£2.532: 2m) (6) 

S 110 DIAMONDS HKB»PMfcte00M-7- HI 

S ift- BELFALAS LAD J Jenkms 010)0 - 
.6 110 . 

. jWMla . 



■ DANCER M PAMS flX J CoswM 0109 T PMold(7>. 

7 -PCS JUWTBAQE Affi GTtarwVl06 .^featoto 

9 •024 UTTIJE0LO(5'wBQ OWchotaon 4400 R DaaiiBB l^ 

. tonvr 

10 -693 BROO^nK 

0100 - 


94 Lttto aoop, 01‘ piareooaa.High^M Dancer In Phria. ^ 

LacL-7-1 Artatraga. 12-t I 

JOCKEYS HANDICAP HURDLE (£1,942: 2m 41) (6) 

6 4SN BATTinBOBMpm JtadS>010T1^5«0 

9 4M2 CAWtH HcUar 01 1-7 — ___WMctoaS3» 

10 F20 

22 4901" 


2-1 Bartefleid Sind. 025^^7-2 Capa, 01 Turicana. 

101 Dandng-AdBtoaL 14-1 AWf 

2m) (7) - • • 

1 2132 KARNATAKA) J Sparing 011-10 SNBiMsad 

2 011 PRICE QFf£«XCJCW 01 10 SfitoMW 

3 2112 NCttSTOP tBABRP Q-Conoor 7-114 Ml 

4 -211 BUnSIS PCT (M T Baton 7-11-6. PI 

5 121- STtoUESTCimCJ-Bea 011-3 01 

8 -1UT PRINCE BUBBLY 01 MAvtaon 54011— 

9 1833 FRENCH »MEltf0) Deny* Sasri 5-1 M 
02 Prince of Peace. T29MnVmJ(f^ Prince 

0Nar«ap, 01 KarrataK. 101 Sbii)bb&c. 101 French Nephew. 

(£1 ,064:2m) (43) . S. 

’ 1WATBI EATON SANDY MM P(p# 5-1 Tfl Jl _ 


Ohew SECRET G Yontoy 0U4 MetAYteSyti 
P0NTBA MLOT DQanoOte 0110 - TWMef 
92 SPARTAN RAFT G Prato 01 10 MrTCdwaata 
'• CHAC&EY BOTH BreroglOn 4410 Mr 
0 DUSTY PATOQL JCotBUn 4-11-5. _ PI 

SOME PAMC P DBMI. 47 II 0 ; 61 

CMT1MA B YWae 011-1- Mtoa A ena N aalat 
GOUSBI BAZAAR JCtegrriv0110 — TfrifiaM 
4 jgaHTFOmHRABPtoecarilLO— Mr«T ’ 














4-5 vnaar Boon Sendy. 4-1 Spartan Raft. 102 Parana 
re M-i J — _ 

Ptox.01 R&Kftxnxre i0tJBdftMBH Boy. 20T othera. 


3»15 EBFNOV1CE HURDLE (£960:2m) (6) 

2 P80 W 0N DER N0T D MoftNt 01 V0- 


By Mandarin 

2.15 Vaiorasou 2.45 F o«gv ^Buo^^3. 1 5 Crack-A- 

Jim. 3.35 Moon Dawn. 
Kumon Sunshine. 

Henry.. 4.45 

Going: firm . 

(9 runners) 

2 (90 CORNBONBtBGHtoimn 1011-7 -K Collar 

‘ VB1 CUC9MAMUOnil»CMlteB«toft410^. i 
S 120 DtGULL0l«E(Cb)WPflamw 11-10*13 G 
r crag S-KM 1 — ; 

„ 038 M0RWHBTLE (Bjl) TCnag 01011 BMW 

9 401 VALOROSO N ^risnam 0106 p fa? — . c Daarte 


11 008 JUST GRAYLEp) Mrs GHerakw 7-103 — DJacfcaen 

13 2-PP RATBIA4WAY ffiD Yeoaian 0101 .Sltoftw 

lA 002 SQKANTE QUHGE I TumtaR0101 J — 





9 m FOGGY BUOY rcaaP)PC»«ri0101(L_ A 

11 P«2U RONAN-PAUL jmSLaadbMtor t0108_ - .. C 

12 t222 TUMBLE JOB ttJfiR T Cuwwr^ian 7-100* 

13 (04- VULBUCX D Mattel 0107’ i K 

Coarse specialists 

TWINER&W A Stephenson, 18 wrinere (rum 83 rides. 2! 7%( 
T C«g. S iftora 44.114%; R Mm. 5 (mm 44. 1 1.4%. (OntyUvae 



riree quaanerft. 

' N Dougtoy^.20 wha n from 90hdre 222%; S 
i tram K. 107%; R Lamb. (I froa 86. WJ.4pr*f 

3 430 CRAC K A JM 6 tea.'ZQrewi +-1013. 

5' Pi ALMOST CERTAMP Bsaumorff 6-1&4- P A FawW I W 

BRIG NOUSE-D'Lenb 0T09- 

7 P90 M9MYPEM«YP.Mapteift0109-- 

S 082 UNAS BRIG (BF) W-McGhto0I09 Jlr K 


T0S-Crack-A>Jta. 94 -Tries Brig. 01 AlraoBt, Certain. 
01 BngHnm, 201 Honey Ito rai y . WondemaL 


2mM5) .’ 

1 3t1- B0RLSAPRAR1Q.D1RMM (PTl-YO JOto (7) 

4 -812 MOONBAWNmK^KM011-i-fGto}_ASbanr- 



.5 003 SHOUT J Morion 


MNNMMNIHBME^ Cofiran ?-«w 

7 *04 LAUai A M NUTMttMrU 

r 0101 S 

13-8 Borieafcre il-4«oondnre 01 Spacftt SettemenL 
102 Shou. 10-1 ‘I aigh A ftftiy. ~r — 

4.15 GtKLDTOWN NOVICE CHASE (£1,190: 3m) 


2 WH JaPHEMRY (Q P BeaumonL7-T2-2 ' 

• :f 



4000Haray. 02 tea«Mard Tabot, 0l.LMn Tigar. 

JJg^KWmLO HAMHCAP HWnE ^Amateurs: 
£828: 3m) (5) 

1 M2 KUMON 3UNaHMe(CABF)DY«waa 0ri-12 

s a 

.. /u 


4 004 FROSTY TOUCH MrtoEStock 011-0- KM 

7 rape MaONOX fi Chamwrtan 0i(W) _L__Tj wsraana 

8 t2U« MtATUREmsw A Shpbmaon 0100,. P oStoTS* 

9 9090 RNJTARY CROWN MraIfeStt9-10O __ uo ^ P7 

0 V. 

05 Kunon StoBhhra. 01 Mriinura Mire 01 

TeudL -101 .Majyrox. 301 AWtary Oown. 


York results 

Goriff good to firm 


Oumn. 01 3. 

Wlgtiam. _14-1)._ I ' 



Bwcroft, 6 Its Been Rumoured 
Lady Behave. Lem* Ure 12 

445 (1m 2T 11 
Carson. .108 ft . . 

Cochranm. 92}; i. Magic -2). ALSO RAfl?S MR Ptorito- 

tron (4th). 11-2 Hawarrien (5ri), 33 The 

Lodge Prince (6th}. 6 ran. XL-lftL 71. KL 
20L J Dunlop at AmndaL Tore £250; 


^ v Tr V'’ 

-.1. Ba tna to ra rc Grant 
to wired (1011 ImS: 
101 ). 3 ran ux, dfot 

^O. DPr£t .20. CSF" 


Wonder pd^. The MqRiBi Ung i GokL 

. . Raunchy Rita. 
16 Gerdaota Lady. 


Rhaboomancer | 

Shady Btode. .. ... 

Pnncere 25 Edendiorpe. Take 

Jean Jeerre Our Horizon. Salop Rouge. 

23 ran. YzL nk. FA. ILhd. M McCormack at 


Wantage. Tote: £23.10 £550. £2 2ft 
E3.70/OF: * ' 

.. . £11800. CSF: £8651. Imln 

1302ae& Wrinor bought In tar 4 JOOgns. 

After a saewaras' oiqitoy 9» mstfil stood. 

2^S(lm)T. SRXT0PPS1 (Pm Eddarv. 

02 ta«); 2. Boca a aw ar (G StMay. 11- 

3. Boat Street (T WS&ama, 12-1) 

RAN: 02 Spotod BrtR. 8 Bold 

(6m). 10 Bnmur. Buckra M enu . 

1 1 Macs Maesso. 14 Fourth Ladl 
Dress U ' 

25ln AL , ... , 

Chns Cakaraakar. 16 ran. shtri. 8L DM. 

1XL iKi.WHaston^eassm Newmarket. 

Tote: £4.00: El.Tfe £108. £4JML -OF: 

£SJG CSF: £1239. Imb) 3&S1sec. ARar 

a sln w Juto ' tnqurry the that two ptaongs 

were reversed. 

3.15 (5fl ROTH fcHFKX D GREYS M 
Leach. 10038 la»»2QaoraeW Me a w ra 

Thomson. 01t 3. Bofc ER^ (M BadLi 

ALSO RAH; 11-2 Iberian ~ 
smrory Soy SBi), 9 Steel Cygnc , 
lOCaBocwd, (5*na Gold (Btfiji. 14 i 
Fornnran. Bo LyricaJ. Mtec MacHns. 25 
Peraoda. 12 ran. DM. nk. re ML 1KLA 
Hkte at N ewm ar ke t Tore £620; £230. 
£220. £.40. 17: £1730. CSF- £32.10 
Trtcret £118 38. S83 4 MC. 

4 McKaawol0^0 

Rougn Dance m Cochrrasa. 01). ALSO 
RAN: 5 King Krimson, .7 Kings Victory , 
BthL 8 Bbbu Benz Mi Ctoim Streeter 
rsttn. 18 Penang Beauty. YM ridar c de. 20 
Young SnugSL lOran. 2M. ok. XL IL IL R 
Harmon a UariDorough. Tore B-1Q; 
El 20. £200 E2J0. »:-£1530 l CSF: 

£25.45. Tricast £14737. Into 2632*ec. 

Afar a stewards' Inquiry 8® res* stood. 

4.19 pm f» 1. POKETS PRtoB (M 

Rknmar. 01k 2 Gatoaa (S Cauthen, 100 


23 fci MM 1. POUNCOURT ® 
Dunwoody ^6 fml, 2. Gre at Aura S aO y ( B 

sSrembre. 7^. ALSOWW^'ocir ^»r 

0X0 33 ScNtonmer (490 Smrt 8L BtCfl 

Akehurst at Epsom. Tote; £130; £1.10. 
£2.10. OR: £1430. CSF:£1&73 
238f2m4fctfl1.W9.Y YEOMAN OHr.T 
Grantham. 01t 2. Feo* SNct Mr: A 
I01k.s. Beak Ot KaRrWft T 

'« : 

lftj^ ajfhite.1. Trara a roa (C grant 

LA(»v 9 — « -‘-0 Tomm-oS 

l QrMIl. Tore 

5L 2a Mr» 
PrO39T-~ ;£, - W - a40 - DF 

Thomson Jonas. 7-1L ALSO RAN:-3 tow 


Gowan House m. 


Crawtord Grose 

Tkanenoarg. 12 ran. a. 71, a’ ... 
GKtard to Fridon. Tote: £530: 

Ctortcoma re 102 


SW £130. DR £4332 CSR £87. 
Tneast £49339. 


??v); 2 

■in £ 1.1 

11-2); i Pi “ 

.. Ptexa Toro (Tracy Turn*, n- 

msasSwsffSe s 

Bank. S ran. 2L 11. 2L KL ZLGBaWng at 
fctere Torera.70 m«L£i30i Efito.: 

DF: £1&40. CSF: £3134, 

Blinkered first time 

toranrand. <30 Iftraga Oanaar>*5S 

RAN;. 11-2 

^^ii. 1 XL S Peyira at r. 

" El-flO. £130. DR £1930. 

£340: El .70 



2 Caarer I raparai o r (A Ctork. 14-1L 

RAN: 11 -a feir Caste Hoek (680. 9- 

ALSO RAN: 113 lav Carte Rot*. _ 

2 Katarmo (4thL 14 Fabnno. 33 Tn 
Contention (5tW. TurtiW- 8 ran. «. 8L-2L 

19. 7L R Steadier tt Newmarket Tore 

£5.70 £130. £1.40, £330. OF: £1230. 

CSF: 22U1. 3mm 0031 sac. 


Anthony (50^, North Yard (bto. 6'rao.21. 

19. r*. 2XL J attatd atWidoa-To 
£020 £230 £220 DF: £1730 CS 

455 (2m 


Crank. 1 VI). ALSO! 

(ft.- 3 rre.3R.FT Writer at LxmtxKjm. 

Tore ET. 60. DR E3J0. CSR £445. 

FtHtepotatSSL. ■ 





h hopes snagged 
^ again as they join 
J>dttle with rogue sail 

From Barry KcktM, Frarourtie 

for the second during the pre-sian manoeu- ' has not sparkled tinder 
■«^Q 0 „^ nnlns 2 vres ttnd Crusader, who spinnaker this wok, narrowed 
sheer crossed the fine with her bow the gap to within 1 2 seconds at 


Jhe gloss 

in front, had an easy job in the leeward mark before drop 1 
winning the favoured right- ping 30 seconds into the 

time* foe height ofa close 
fou^it battle yesterday to be 
first., at the. weather mart 

White -(W2S 

sgs-sr ** suirs « 

American’s wake after Conner 
applied blanket-cover tactics 
during the second part of the 
ensuing beat 

Crusader closed the gap to 
within 16 seconds again on the 
two reaching legs but in a rash 
of energy-sapping cover tacks 
on the next beat Stars and 

hand side of the course. 

Soon after the British boat 
was favoured by a shift in the 
increasing breeze which 
turned into a big advantage 
when a newly hoisted genoa 
came out of its luff foil on the 
American boat during a hasty 

in thp nr*, u — point headsarl change. Crusader's 0Q mg neat stars ana 
the BritiS H ? ro d CudTn0T ^ crew were unable to capitalize Stripes fiSshS^ip vrith a 

wn,atS5i -2 to?*** « an a^osi unmediaiely after- top mark and extended this by 
equal due with the American ward s those on the foredeck of a further three seconds at the 
boat despite the fact that both the British 1 2-metre had their finSrS,^SrTto ftwrth 

rnoHSS!” 3 bunki hands M OT1Iro11 ^ ^ Slight in fte^ieiT^e 
™ h I" winds only other crew to modulus 

■“sho^e^is sssaafjsf' ■ *■- 

Closing on that first mark, 
the two boats were still level 
pegging - until that fatal sheet 
snag, which give Conner and 
his crew a 23-second advan- 
tage at the rounding. En- 
couragingly, Crusader, which 


4u2f ab,¥ for two 
„ . match-race oppo- 

nents. neither Cud more nor 
^ ho lost the cup for 

i M men u cans ,n 19 «3, chose 
to play the pan of aggressor 

New Zealand TV, skippered by 
Chris Dickson. 

* America’s Cap Diary 

Gudmore crusade 
is just beginning 

Fb- from being dismayed at 
their tosses this week ag«in«t 
the jtwo leading American 12 
Stars and Stripes *87 
and America II, the British 
remain quietly confident rhaf 
their progressive development 
programme will see them 
through to the challenge finals 
in January. 

‘‘Having experienced strong 
winds here throughout the win- 
ter ifumtbs., White Crusader is 
not optimized yet for the light 
conditions we've had so for 
during this series.** Harold • 
Ccdmore, the skipper, said yes- 
terday. Part of that programme 
includes a new keel being cast in 
Perfh this week hi time to be 
fitted . to Crusader, after this 
initial round robin series ends op 
October 20, farther develop- 
ments. In mast design and 
£75<L000-worth of new sails. 

Ian Howlett, the designer, 
aLso-retnrns this week , to con- 
tinue his tank research that has 
involved almost 1*500 runs, in 
tanks af Southampton 

the amount invested by the 17 
syndicates vying for the Gaziod- 
modetied 100 Guinea Cap is 
£200 million but judging by the 
worn dockriders and dapped- 
ont cars parked around 
Fremantle's harbour tittle of it is 
filtering through to the crews. 

There are exceptions, of 
course. If - prodded, John 
Bertrand, who steered Australia. 
II into history in 1983 and 
answered a nation's prayers, will 
admit that it has made him a 
dollar mnBanaire. Those not 
eligible for big bonuses must go 
for high salaries. 

Lawrie Smith, the former 
skipper of Peter de Savary's 
Victory *83, took home $3JM0 a 
week during the 13 weeks 
between January 1 and April 1 
this year tending lain Murray, 
the ' skipper of Kookaburra, the 
finer points of mat< * racing 12 

Back , in Aenuth mtO the 
end of the cap acting as tnne-sp 
skipper to Ac Taskforce -1C 
syndicate, file lancashire sailor 

Nicknamed “the plastic 
fantastic*’, this glassfibrc de- 
sign developed jointly by Rem 
Holland, Bruce Farr and Lau- 
rie Davidson, had a fine scrap 
against French Kiss yesterday, 
coming from behind on the 
last beat to win by 40 seconds. 

The New York Yacht Club’s 
champion, America D, gained 
the measure of Tom 
BlackaHer’s rival west coast 
entry USA H by a lmin 34sec 
margin and Heart of America 
gave the hard-pressed Aga 
Khan-backed Italian crew on 
Azznrra their fourth loss in a 
row — this time by a mere 18 

Others still to break their 
duck in this Louis Vuitton- 
sponsored series indude the 
French crew from Marseilles, 
sailing Challenge France, who 
trailed Canada II home by 
5 min 1 5sec, and those hapless 
Americans boldy persevering 
with the 13-year-old Coura- 
geous, who were served a 
I Omni 45sec whipping- by 
their fellow countrymen on 
Eagle — the largest margin of 
defeat recorded so far. 


HEAT fc New Zealand KZ7JNZV. Sir 
34mm 39 mc bt French Kiss F7 (F& 3hr 
35mm Italic. WMm navgUtiOHC. 
HEAT 2; Canada H kC2 (Can), 33&04 bt 
CtaHenga France F8 (ft), 341:19. Wht- 

lHiiemiy and at tire A fl ro jj g rity.. ^jw^dqqjpted his ite TfttKqOku- 
4earcb Establishment at hurra school, who also employ 

Haslar. j v ' 

One thing is certm.IlKie 
are -no breakthrough designs as 
radical as Australia Piwho^tble : 
the 'cap from the Americans and 
brought it to Perthlhree years 
agOL . This time 1 tig 1 different* 
between the ” 

land IV, Stars and Stripes, *87 
and America H and the perfor- 
mance of Crusader is sm a lL 
On yesterday’s results, toe 2 
minute' 16 second difference at 
tbe£ finish between Dennis 
Comer's San Diego boat, tire 
product of more than £4 m i ll ion 
of .research, and tire Royal 
Thames entry amoun t ed to 
0.005' per cent, so toe margin 
between success and foilnre has 
to be measored with a 

rThc conservative estimate of . 

T 3: Stars and Stripes US55 IJJSL 

3:3223 ta White Crusader K24 (GBj, 
&3S;39. Winning murahe 1:18. 

HEAT « America 11 0S4G (USk-aSMO 
bt USA USS1 (US). 3c3«M. Wtantas 
BWghB-134. - ■!— ■* •— * 

HEATSi Hasn Of America US51 (US), 
35129 bt Azzurra HO w, 35127. 

Winning margin: 0:18 
HEAT fc EaateH 

Erato useo (US. a 32* 
I«WUS26 (US). 34328. 

Courageous IV U52S 
ring maiglK 10:45. 


Derek dark, of Britain, 
tactician, have enrolled Brian 
WHfis, from the Isle of Wight, 
for £100,000 to handle rale 
disputes and protests. 

...In contrast, the Raya}' Thames 
and Aten Bond syndicates work 
On agri^and^£A v onr basis. Key 
personnel and afterguard are 
paid middle-rank executive sal- 
aries, hardly a fortune, but with 
a handsome system of bonuses if 
they win. 

Meanwhile, the young men j££ 
working their butts off forward Hear 
of tire wheels are doing it for 
love, pocket-money and a fall 
plate of food. Bond's rates are 


you can take — h«t ■* *“** ^ey wirtaCruntavChalmgaftmra.Sttm 
are doing it m tire son. and Stripes v USA ii, Canada Hv French 

_ ,, Kto. iMa V Haan of America Cowra- 

Barry Pickthall gs5* *“"*■ *"”* fl w 



- «»• 

Stare and Snipes -.4 ' 

Now Zealand W — ■ 4 

America ll - 3 

French Kiss 3 

White Crusader — 2 

Canaetaft 2 

— 2 

— 1 

_ 1 

_ t 

— 0 

Azzurra Ql , ■ ■ 0 

Courageous IV .... 0 


USA _ 

Heaaof Amarica. 

Donovan’s dilemma over top trio 

ft was presumed tiiat today s 
return or the successful Bn.USh 
team from ihe world champion- 
ships in Australia would mark 
the end of the years of domim- 
tion b> Vic Charles aged 32. 
Jeoir Thompson, aged -8, and 
Pat McKay, aged 29 

Ticky Donovan, the manager 
and coach, myst have- tho^ht 
hr .would be forced to seek 

By Nicolas Soames 

appears the leading trinity 
strongly wish to continue. 

“It was dear in Australia that 
there was no one to touch them, 
so (here seems no reason for 
ihem'io retire." Donovan said. 
“As far as I am concerned, they, 
with Mike Sailsm&n and Gerry 
Fleming, could be unchanged in 
two year's time." 

McKay especially, still smart- 
ing after narrowly losing bis 

yr^g wjent jo nil the void, but |n g ailcI naiiowjy lUMiig on 
w20h rheir thrrd wontf__ . . WQrld lighi-heavyweight title, is 
C“ i* by ihe lure of winning a 

European title next May hi front 
of his home Glasgow crowd. 

Despite Charles’s enthusiasm, 
his coaching activities make it 
highly unlikely that he wiD still 
compete m 1988. Nevertheless, 
the shadow cast by these lop 
veterans is so strong that per- 
haps tire younger generation 
have effectively been stifled. . 

Once they have gone, the 
heavyweights oray take time to 
regenerate a world class team, 
and this may be Donovan’s 



Participation can 
reconcile Dutch 
socialist elements 

■ High drama: America U (US-46) edging in front of USA XI in their match race yesterday 


King to challenge 
in women’s open 

Betsy Kang, who 
passed the SI million marie in 
career earnings on the US 
LPGA Tour, challenges for a 
in the 1 

£9.000 first prize in the British 
women's open, which starts on 
the Royal Biriuhtie course today. 

The first orize dims in 
comparison with the S 286,000 
Miss King has won to bold 
second puce in the official 
LPGA money list tins season 
and she admitted that she has 
been encouraged to defend her 
title -because of an a ddi ti ona l 
finandaf ai i alignment. 

“There is some appearance 
money involved," Miss King 
said. “I don’t think I would have 
come over if I had been paying 
my own way with the purse not 
ail that big. But having won tire 
title last year I fdt jf wanted to 
oo me." 

- The Royal and Ancient are 
underwriting tire championship 
for the second successive year in 
an attempt to give it a new lease 
of life following the involve- 
ment of Hitachi m 1984. Then 
the sponsors pot up £160,000 in 
proem ooey but poor weather 
and a particularly difficult 
course for the women led to high 
scores and television’s commit- 
ment to the championship im- 
mediately **r a<g rf| 

George WBson, the financial 
secretary of the Royal and 
Ancient, said it cost them in tire 
region of £100,000 last year 
despite support at Moor Park 
from Burberry, who are not 
involved on this occasion. But 
the majority of holes for this 
championship are being in- 
dividually sponsored by com- 
panies such as golf equipment 
manufacturers Mizuno and 
caterers Payne and Gunter who 
are making modest 

“The Royal and Ancient 
involvement is not an open- 
ended commitment,’’ Wuson 
said. “It is an effort to assist the 
championship's future. We are 
not taking it over and tire 
situation will be reviewed as and 
when it is decided that the 
Ladies Golf Union fed they 
want to go their own way." 

Clearly the presence of Miss 

By Mitchell Platts 

recently King along with American 
compatriots, Debbie Massey, 
winner in 1980 and 1981. and 
Robin Walton, and Maria 
Figueras-Dotti, of Spain, who 
was successful as an amateur 
when the championship was last 
played at Royal Brrkdale in 
1982, will add to the prestige of 
this year's event. 

Even so there is now such a 
flourishing home circuit with 
the WPGA money , list being led 
by Ludotte Neumann, of Swe- 
den, who has already set a 
seasonal - money record with 
£34,132 in prize winnings, that 
it promises to be an enthralling 

Miss Neumann cannot be 
overtaken in the Ring and 
Brymer Order of Mem this 
week even if one of ber nearest 
challengers, - Laura - Davies' 

S ), Gillian Stewart 
or Muriel Thomson 
is successful, although 
she is not home and dry yet with 
tire Laiog Classic and tire Span- 
ish Open still to come. 

Card of course 

Royal Birkdale 
Mote Yds Par Hole Yds 























































Out 2,872 





Total vantages 5,788 Pan 75 

Kitrina’s leap 

Kitrina Douglas has jumped 
to 13th place in the Ring Brymer 
WPGA order of merit table 
following her firs* victory in two 
years at the Mitsubishi Colt 
Cars jersey Open played last 


The £3.000 winner’s cheque 
lifted her season's earnings to 
£1 5 ,333, Still a long way behind 
leading money winner, Liselotte 
Neumann, or Sweden, who has 
so for grossed £34,132. 


County Cricket Club 



$iiti ‘Managerial respon»biliti« 

.VbpKcations giving 
The s«ieup‘. i p«^‘L e “ 
— - TraSTcvd. Man cheatr. 
01‘X marked confidenuai 




Sponsorship money dulls the senses 

By Colin McQuillan 
Squash rackets is 
competitive. It has been lat 
boxing without brain damage 
but, over the last few days, there 
have been certain .developments 
lo suggest that analogy is not 
necessarily universal. t 
The successful American Ex- 
press national league Started its 
third season on Tuesday, domi- 
nated by the introduction, of 

hire arrangements to its private 
usage in major tournaments. 

The SRA is privately peeved 
at what promises to be consid- 
erably cheaper opposition in the 
court-hire market, but publicly 
welcomes another facet in the 
ever-increasing profile 

Cannons stretched official 
goodwill further,. however, by 
signing a private' sponsorship 

iSSSiime fl*™"* »« Main's ; ^ ^ Inun O y 
first permanent, transparent nearly committed to the game. 

showcourt, at Cannons American Express are even less 
Oub in London. The arrival of entimsaroc about the arrangp- 
ih is arena is a direct challenge to ; row John PWe^ toe 
the year-old decision of th« . president, was infuriated by d»' 
Squash Rackets Association to whmergmg of hft company's 
subsidize its own, demountable, identity under tire announce- 
tSZfiex showcourt by adding meets of the dub sponsor. 

Cannons have also decided to 
mount a major international . 
tournament on their new court 
"There is a slot cm the calendar 
just before the British Open 
Championships which we have 
nominated for," tire Cannons 
of., manager, Gary Oliver, said. 
“We would like to make our 
tournament a regular warm-up 
event to the British Open at 
. Wembley, tire equivalent of 
' Queens to Wimbledon m 

A wo nderful idea, until mis- 
dj ievous journalism promotes it 
hno a rival to tire Open, 
designed to replace this pres- 
tigious tournament on the inter- 
national grand prix circuit, 

■ which itself is 

an interesting 

quantity. It exists, as yet as the 
hopeful experiment of a new 
body, tire Men's International 
Squash Tournament Council. 

Its firamework is the burgeon- 
ing Open tournament circuit, 
which MJSTC is doing much to 
enlarge but which aiu depends 
heavily upon historic national 

tournaments, such as the British 
Open. However, until such de- 
ments as protection for individ- 
ual organisations and sponsors 
are derided, the SRA chooses 
not to include its major event on 
the list 

RESULTS: JnWCByC«tnt«i 4, Utoco 
Monroe 1; Pounttstreteher Dunrinos MW 
5. Arrow VWM# Pnotwieh ft Chap* 
Attflqn 5. AnWQft Hatift 
Country 1. Manchester Northern 4; tool 
Laoesfer A Home Afea NotMgfwn 1, 

Hooked on the art of imitation 

By Conrad "Voss Bark 

»I ahravs fish tore nymph, 
dear boy. It is so nwch mwe 

interesting* You am hear. them 

£$5iL "K yon M m. take « 
Seriw from the tank - yo f 
Jffier the trout a pattern of fly 
Sal imitates tl* insect on wUrt 
rbey are feeding or are likely to 

Yet the tact Is (hat taufotirc 
still water fly fishing is based tm 
assumptions that the gnras of 

ll sounds raaww aMc ta rt it. S^SaSlf seem to fra^wSSStyor 
may not be. It has souMed so p OSS j|,|y accidentally dis- 
J »>■- belt tninfr a is 

that wool and tinsel no * book 
can imitate a moving, twisting 
end wriggling living Insect, an- 
other that trout cannot tell the 

Enable for toe part half 
cenrary that the gimK of rttil- 
Sa t er imitative fly fishing have 
hiT saying! wore or less the 
*** ih Sg beyond remem- 

galDC »“"•» ----- .... , " n , n HURT UIU 

■■ . - . 

u may well be that tire 
stijllwater gams all these, years 

iTfahiu a toaner ^of holy wnL. 
fLt tartatl.™ ^wtierflyfish- 

^^taouertiooed. _ 

have been tying ap the wrong fly. 

. There is no saytag one way or 
the other hut it is worth consid- 
ering. Is the effort to create a 
likeness of a firing insect, for 
exact Imitation cannot be 
. achieved, less rewarding than 
the effort to suggest one? Should 
we not aim to create the illusion 
oflife' rather than a model (tilt? 

Our grandfathers thought so 
■ for they could have tied bp an 
. imitation of a cod bait bat they 
didn't, Instead they tied op their 
Inrictas and Greenwells and 
Connemaias and -fished them 
underwater where they dW not 
imitate anything at all tat 
somehow* by some means -or 
other, created tore iUnsioA of a 
tiring creature. 


On the road 
to success 

Jon Solly and Steve Burns, the 
two Eng lish club-males who 
fought out a thrilling 10,000 
metres race at. the Common- 
wealth Games in Edinburgh, 
will lead Britain's challenge in 
the first world road relay 
championships to be held in 
Hiroshima. Japan, on Novem- 
ber 3a 

HMESkm: G TumtxdlGltolwuWrioaJ 

asms? mbe 

insane i AShwortn (B*ngtey). Wo«c 
AIBSkK (Oartiyl; g m C 

Oshe (Attrsftot. Famtanj and GfKtf# 

7kw R P*nrtrig« (as Can% MokS Srenjr 

mKknetkttwwr' — 



suits Lees 

By Jim Railton 

Just a few weeks after resign- 
ing in frustration as the co- 
ordinator of men’s international 
lightweight rowing, Mark Lees 
has landed a challenging post at 
London University. 

Lees, aged 30. will be the 
boathouse manager and chief 
coach to the University' of 
London ; Union J with a 
responsibility for men's, and 
women’s rowing at .all levels 
from college U) the university's 
top representative crews. It can- 
noi be long before the univer- 
sities of Oxford and Cambridge 
consider making similar 

Lees has a tough act to follow 
which will take all of-his talents 
to better- London University 
have won 21 iHenley Royal 
Regatta titles over the past 25 
years together with 20 national 
championships since. 1973 and 
their honours; board is dotted 
with European world and Olym- 
pic representatives. The univer- 
sity. more than Oxford and 
Cambridge, have been an inte- 
gral pan of international rowing 
in the last decade or so. 

In the space of five years. Ues 
has risen from relative obscurity 
to recognition as a top inter- 
national coach. He was second 
rowing coach at Shiplake Col- 
lege before becoming full-time 
professional coach to Not- 
tinghamshire County Council. 
There he coached at all levels 
and developed an elite squad. In 
this year's world champion- 
ships. his newly formed men's, 
lightweight coxless four won a 
silver and Carl Smith and Alan 
WhitwcU, who won gold in the 
lightweight double sculls, were 
members of Lees’s elite squad. 

There is a surge in student 
rowing at the major universities 
and channelling this enthusiasm 
in the right direction merits a 
full-lime post Lees has the 
necessary talent, enthusiasm 
and proven record to lift 
London University to even 
greater honours. 

Sports Correspondent, reports 
on Amsterdam 's bid for the 
IW2 Olympic Games 

If the me mbers, of the Inter- 
national Olympic Committee 
were to be persuaded in their 
choice of a host city for the 1992 
summer Olympic Games by 
truly intellectual criteria based 
on the concepts of Pierre de 
Coabertiu, they would be obliged 
to select Amsterdam, one of four 
candidates out of six with a 
strong socialist dement in its 

Ed van Tbijn. the socialist 
mayor of Amsterdam, is one of 
the most articulate of those 
invoked in the Olympic argu- 
ment — how a massively expen- 
sive. elitist even is relevant to 
the needs of the ordinary 
population. For orach of his life, 
van Tbijn feas been an amateur 
student of ideologues but be has 
come through tout confusion, in 
which some Labour councils in 
Britain now find themselves in 
relation to sport and 

“The 1 basis of social democ- 
racy » participation, in sport as 
much as in politics." van Thijn 
says. “The greatest danger to 
socialism is in non-participation. 
In the Sixties, there was the idea 
(in Holland 1 that culture and 
sport must not be exclusive 
occupations, that we should 
concentrate, for example, not on 
natitmal ballet bin on experi- 
mental theatre. Yet (here has to 
be a two-way communication 
between grass roots and top level 

A conception of 
social balance 

“We are against national 
fever and commercialism in 
sport, but we have to have our 
heroes. When Anton Geesink 
won the gold medal in Tokyo, 
judo in Holland hugely in- 
creased. What is sport without 
competition? When 1 go jogging, 
1 am looking at my stopwatch!** 

The reason why van Thijn is 
patting his influence alongside 
that of the government and 
commerce in Amsterdam's bid is 
that “sport for all" in Holland is 
already a reality. Six million of 
the 15 million population are 
engaged in sport mid four mil- 
lion of them belong to the 
country’s 32.000 sports associ- 
ations, ran mainly by 600,000 
volunteers. It is the highest 
concentration of sportsmen and 
women In any country. “The 
principle of participation in 
Holland is already achieved," 
van Thijn said. 

The ocher community aspect 

“The Games here have a 
conception of social balance, 
tfMnmaied by neither commerce 
nor government." van Thijn 
says. “Amsterdam is a city 
without the political complica- 
tions which have confronted the 
Olympic movement for two de- 
cades, We are a country without 
enemies. We are sot known for 
our nationalism, we don’t think 
wc are important in the world. 
We are small, stable, and mod- 
est. Wc would move away from 
gigantictsm, and. of necessity, 
our Games would be compact. 
Wc have no ebotev-" 

While not luring the same 
proximity of village, main sta- 
dium and many other sports 
which Birmingham would knt, 
Amsterdam plans ■ condensed 
complex with Tew distances of 
more than five kilometres. 'all 
linked by its efficient city motor- 
way network. An advantage over 
all (he candidates other than 

Brisbane, is that its facilities in 
already constructed and in< qse 
apart from the village, to be 
created on a hurtimltural area. 

and a new Olympic uadiupi. 

The old stadium from 1928 will 
not be used. 

It has of cunrse. local oppo- 
sition from the No Olympics 
campaign led by Mrs Saar 
Boertage. an ecnlitght. tmlvrr- 
siiv sociology teacher and for- 
mer city council representative 

for the Pacific Socialist Puny. 
Mo Boertage has been some- 
what discredited by her past 
opposition lo the World Trade 
Centre, the Mcirit. and I hr new 
operu house, all of them 'operat- 
ing satisfactorily in the public 
interest. She is expected, none- 
theless. to be tubby ing in (ju- 
sanne when the special, royal 
bine, two-carriage train-load of 
Amsterdam representatives 
rolls into IOC headquarters 

Amsterdam's other dis- 
advantages are natural modesty 
and the city's drug reputation. It 
has done leu conspicuous 
campaigning than all hut Bel- 
grade. “Vie are naiurulfy 
cautious," kamniinga says. “We 
did economic and technical fea- 
sibility studies first, and only 
when we got the green light from 
the government and city council 
did we publicize our plans." 

Danger for health 
and dignity 

Van Thijn believes the city is 
on top of the drug crisis, and 
smites at the suggestion, made' 
by some IOC members, tbgt- 
competiiors would be confronted' 
by traffickers. “We had beihri 
tolerant as a city rather than 
permissive. Our mistake. was to 

_ . - . think drugs were a health prob- 

oT Amsterdam’s 1992 Foumta- . ^ tha riddicts were patterns! 
uon is its attempt to reverse the N “^ We have changed fids 
new-town tmto of derefopment pVdwbphy; Drag addScttotf W 
away from the aty “^^^SL .bothing- lo de irito. moral free? 
is now seen to emaagte the aty H is ft danger for 

yet still leave the new-tovra areas 
isolated. “We don't think new 
towns work," Smut Kammfnga, 
vice-chairman of the Founda- 
tion, says. “What we are 
to do with the Olympics is 
together Amsterdam's- Bring 
forces; the citizens, indRStry and 
politics." •: 

They see the Olympics as 
regenerating certain areas of the 
city, as was achieved in Munich 
in 1972 when the Olympic 
village and stadium complex was 
created on an old refuse area. 

health and dignity- • and -for 
tolerance itself, generating 

“Our repressive policy, strict 
registration of addicts and medic, 
cal assistance only for nationals*, 
has diminished the ’traffic and: 
created an international interest 
/ - Id* the smxiess 'of'oUr measures/ 
In six years’ time, drags will nO*" 
bea primary concern any more.": 

• TOMORROW: How- fbe-sta < 
contenders for 1992. rate their’ 

Turning for home 

By John Good body 

When the British Olympic 
Association chose Birmingham 
to be Britain's candidate for the 
1992 Olympics in July 1985. 
Denis Howell compared his 
city's late bid to Lester Piggott 
rounding Tauenham corner in 
the Derby. "The winning post is 
in sight and we are set to 
overtake the rivals." 

Yesterday, nine days before 
the International Olympic 
Committee name which- of the 
six cities has been successful, Mr 
Howell MP. and chairman of 
the Birmingham Olympic 
Council, said: "As we go to 
Lausanne we are up and along- 
side the favourites and ready to 
win by a neck." 

Princess Anne, the President 
of the British Olympic Associ- 
ation greeted Mr Howell’s final 
address at yesterday's BOA 
annual general meeting with'lhc 

words: "You have got a' very 
good bid. Like Lester Piggott 
\ou did not waste a lot of w ords 
but you got the job done.". . . 

Liter during her presidential 
address, she said: “If it is 
successful it will be a tremen- 
dous boost for British sport." 
Mr Howell, a former sports 
minister, who has flown three 
limes round the world and- 
spoken to all 16S other Olympic' , 
Associations said: “There are no, .- 
favourites now. ** 

Under the system to deter- - ‘ 
mine the 1992 hosts the Icasf 
successful candidate drops out. 
in each round until one -city 
obtains 51 per cent of toe votes.' 1 

Birmingham, who have spent 
£2.3 million on their hid com- 
pared with the £9 million of 
Barcelona, the favourites to 
stage the Games, will take a 
party of nearly 100 to Lausanne. 




s =S9s ss KKsa r% M SQ jr m . -..'.-.jw.-ay ; 


A rare experience with 
favourable portents 
for an English driver 

From John Blunsden, Mexico City 

This week, for the first time beyond, the ability of either scoring points in both the 
since 1970. grand prix motor police or army to control. remaining races. _ 
racing is malung a return visit The circuit configuration Mansell is trying, wim 
to Mexico City as a last has been altered in two ways, increasing difficulty, not to 
stoppiog-ofr point before then Whal was previously a very think about the champion- 
end of the 16-race, world fast right-hand bend at the end ship, but he may be comforted 

championship season in Ad- of the main straight is now a 

alnSJa mia rnube' rims rlAnio. naht.liiA.noht VTIK 

elaide in two weeks’ time. 

For every driver. Sunday’s 
Mexican Grand Prix will be a 
new experience, the first time 
they will have been called 
upon to race in the ratified 
atmosphere of a circuit 
perched on a plateau some 
7.400 ft above sea level Of the 
(4 teams which constitute the 
grand prix field, only five - 
Brabham. Ferrari, Lotus, 
McLaren and Tyrrell — were 
in Mexico on that last occa- 
sion, and. even for them, there 
is likely to be little of value in 
their circuit notebooks as they 
prepare for Sunday's race. 

In the intervening period, 
and especially during the past 
few months, the circuit has 
undeigpne a major trans- 
formation to meet mandatory 
safety standards. In particular, 
it is now lined with substantial 
barriers and fences to contain 
spectators whose enthusiasm 
in the past has often proved 

slower right-Ieft-right series, 
while at the far end of the 
circuit a very tight hairpin* 
which used to be taken at a 
crawl has been bypassed by a 

Nigel Mansell: The Times 
profile by James Hunt, 
page 13 ■ 

series of medium-speed 
curves. The result is a reduc- 
tion in lap-length from 3.07 to 
2.75 miles. 

Coping with the high tem- 
peratures. caused by having to 
run turbo-charged engines m a 
thin-air atmosphere, is likely 
to be the major pre-occupa- 
tion for all teams during the 
days ahead, but for three 
drivers — Nigel Mansell, Nel- 
son Piquet and Alain Prost — 
this weekend is all about 
world championship points. 
Of the three, only Mansell can 
secure the title in Mexico; the 
other two can only do so by 

remaining races. . , 

Mansell is trying, with 
increasing difficulty, not to 
think about the champion- 
ship, but he may be comforted 
to know that, on two occa- 
sions in the past, the title went 
to an English driver while 
taking part in the Mexican 
Grand Prix in competition 
with his two remaining 
championship rivals. In 1964 
John Surtees became world 
champion on the last lap after 
a battle with Jim Gaik and 
Graham Hill, while in 1 968 it 
was Hill's turn to lake his 
second title ahead of Jackie 
Stewart and Denny Holme.' 

Since the last race in Por- 
tugal, the Williams team have 
carried out a programme of 
engine and chassis tests in 
Austria, where Mansell was 
considerably encouraged by 
the results. Nothing, however, 
can match testing on the 
circuit to be used for the race, 
which is why preliminary test 
facilities, due to be laid on by 
the race organizers today, will 
be such an important stage for 
everyone in the run-up to 
Sunday's race. 


Loosemore shows 
her power in win 

By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 
Sarah Loosemore, whose fif- Davies, of Shrewsbury. Stuart 
teenth birthday is less than four Bale, who spent last week 

last 16 of the women's singles 
with a 64, 64, win over the 
sixth seed. Julie Salmon, in the 
Refuge Assurance national 
championships at Telford yes- 
terday. Miss Salmon thus lost m 
the second round for the fourth 
consecutive year. 

Miss Loosemore. who lives 
and studies on the outskirts of 
Cardiff, travels to Slough once a 
week to work with Ken Fletcher. 
He said of her yesterday: “It's 
not often you get a 15-year-old 

She's a good athlete and has a 
good sense for the game. She has 
that little bit extra." 

Annabel Croft had an in- 
teresting story to tell after her 5* 
1, 64) win over Julie Donovan, 
aged 15. In the past three weeks, 
two of them spent in Spain at 
what she describes as “a fat 
farm". Miss Croft has taken off 
ISlbs. Excess weight had af- 
fected her tennis for two years, 
she said yesterday, and she hada 
shock when she stepped on the 
scales after the United States 
championships. So she spent 
about £2,000 on the Spanish 
slimming course, considered the 
money well spent, and is nowon 
a high protein diet of 600 
calories a day. 

In the men’s singles, three 
talented left-handers won tough 
matches. Mike Walker, the most 
exciting of the trio, was taken to 
7-5. 7-6. by the local hero. Leslie 

Eric Jelen, was pushed to 7-6, 6- 
4. by the Ilkley coach, Simon 
IckringiJl, who last year bad six 
match points against the even- 
tual champion, Jeremy Bates. 
Both served well 
The youngtst of the three left- 
handed winners. Richard 
Whic hello, won 6-2, 4-6, 8-6, 
against the far more experienced 
Rohun Beven, also left-handed, 
who will be head coach at 
Eastbourne's new leisure com- 
plex, The Ball Park, when it 

In addition to reminders that 
left-handers are a minority 
breed with consequent advan- 
tages, yesterday also raised ech- 
oes of the cliche that a good big 
'un will eventually beat a good 
little ’un. Thai was true of 
Stephen Shaw's win over Brent 
Parker and Jonathan 
Southcombe's dismissal of 
David Shann. In each case the 
score was 7-6, 6-2. The big 
punches began to hurt. 

RESULTS; Woman: Stogie* Second 
round: A Croft (Kant) bf J Donovan 
(Warwicks). 6-1 6-0; SSUBvan (Essex) btJ 
Reeves (Kant). 6-1 6-4; S Loosemore (S 
Wales) bt J Salmon (Sussex), 6-4. 6-4; j 
Louis (Devon) M K Hunter (Sum), 6-3 7- 
5; JTacon (Norfolk) MC Bateman (Essex). 
6-3 64; S Reeves (Kant) lx A Ntapei 
(Lancs), 6-2 6-1. Haro S id ri! Second 
round: S Shaw (Middx) MB Parker 
(Durham), 7-6. 6-2: J Goodal (Yorks) bt J 
Dier(Sus&ex}, 6-2, 7-5;S Bale (Middx) btS 
tekrinflMP (Yorks). 7-d 6-4: J Southcombe 

(Shropshire). 7-5 7-1 


Ad dividends subject to rescrutiny ah matches for Oct 4th 





24PTS £2.096-20 

23PTS £64-40 

22V2PTS £7-40 

22PT5 £6-70 

21Y2PTS £1-85 


. £4-60 

10 HOMES. £686-55 

4 AWAY5 £7-55 

Aim dhrhtndi to onita of lOp 

Expen se s and Com mto lon 
20th September 1986— 30- 6K 




I nr 





By David Hands 

The Combined England Stu- 
dents, rfelightpri with their suc- 
cess against Japan at Oxford on 
Tuesday — their first meeting 
with a touring team as a com- 
bined unit — will not compete 
again until April 8, when they 
play Welsh Students at a venue 
in Wales still to be arranged. 

Many of those who played 
against the Japanese will be 
ineligible then, since the student 
selectors were forced to pick on 
the basis of last season's form 
and student status. Further de- 
tails of the representative stu- 
dent season will be decided at a 
meeting later this month and 
may include a game between an 
Oxbridge XV and an English 
Students XV. 

This idea is bring pondered 
by the committees concerned 
but. in any case the English 
Students (which excludes Ox- 
ford and Cambridge Univer- 
sities) hope to have a two-match 
tour in France in the spring, 
i Deluding a game against tire 
French Students. 

Should that tour be confirmed 
it would be a “homecoming” for 
Thn Edbrook. who captained 
theteam on . Tuesday. He has 
finished at Exeter University 
and is now studying for a sports 
science degree in Bordeaux, 
where he plays for Begles- 
Botdeaux. The lanky flanker, 
who played in England's final 
under-23 international, against 
Spain last season, would still 
qualify for the side in the same 
way that Colin Laity, a student 
at the South Glamorgan In- 
stitute in Cardiff, does. 

It is also interesting to note 
that, amid the pristine freshness 
of an Iffley Road much refur- 
bished, thanks to generous 
sponsorship from Ricoh, the 
camera manufacturers, and the 
cemented association with 
Yaxnaichi (who sponsor the 
annual game against Major R V 
Stanley's XV), moves are afoot 
to start an Oxford University 
women's rugby dub, further 
evidence of expansion in an area 
which saw England stage their 
first women's international last 
season, against France. 

Timely help 
for Ulster 

Digital's involvement in Irish 
rugby passed £100.000 annually 
with the announcement in Bel- 
fast yesterday that they would 
sponsor the Ulster senior league 
for £30,000 over the next three 
seasons (George Ace writes). 

Brian Watt, branch manager, 
Belfast, revealed that Digital 
would also continue with the 
special award for the team 
scoring the most tries in the 
league. "We fed this encourages 
clubs to play more openly." 

Mr Wan also intimated that 
Digital would again be involved 
in the sponsorship of the three 
internationals at Lansdowne 
Road this season against Roma- 
nia. England and France. 

V illain of the piece: Phil Edmonds arriving at Lord's yesterday 


Southern doubt 
for Lancashire 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

Lancashire's selectors will 
hope, tonight that Sammy 
Southern, their captain, has 
recovered from an ankle injury 
when they choose the side to 
play in the first county 
championship match of the 
-season, against Cheshire at 
Orrell next Wednesday. South- 
ern's injury was sustained in 
training and he is doubtful for 
Orrell 's John Smith's merit 
table A game with Moseley on 

Several members of the 
Waterloo side, including Jim 
Syddall the twice-capped En- 
gland lock, are not available for 
Lancashire this season. Since 
Wade Dooley, the Preston 
Grasshopper, is only on the 
verge of returning from the knee 
ligament injury he sustained 

certainly have a new pairing at 
lock from that whim helped 
them to the semi-finals of last 
season's championship, spon- 
sored by Thorn EMI, when* 
Syddall was the captain. 

Their perennial rivals, York- 
shire, will announce the team to 
play Northumberland at Perry 
Park after training at Selby on 
Sunday- There has been a run on 
Yorkshire centres this season, 
John Buckton (Saracens), Steve 
BumhiU (Leicester) and Bryan 
Bailey (Wakefield), are all 

Bumhill is to have an explor- 
atory operation on a da m aged 
knee, but Buckton is hoping to 
resume playing in a fortnight 
after suffering a kidney injury 

during a game in the first week 
of the season. Unbeaten Sara- 
cens are in the happy position of 
being able to watch, him return 
to full fitness in the second 

Yorkshire will be led this 
season by Mike Harrison, the 
England wing, who will be 
pleased to have a full hand of 
loose forwards to choose from, 
among them Peter Winterbot- 
tom, Peter Buckton — both 
Fn glgnH squad men — and 
Simon Tipping (Sale). 

Durham will be without John 
Howe, the lock who won di- 
visional honours with them last 
season. He joined Saracens this 
season and has mad** himself 
available for the London di- 
visional squad- Durham's first 
game is against Cumbria at 
Aspatria next Wednesday and 
they have gone heavily for 
mobility, since they are without 
four of last season’s successful 
forwards. Steven Harms, a 
North Waiian now playing for 
Durham City, comes in at full 
back and Steve Hackney and 
Will Carling, two former En- 
gland Schools backs, play wing 
and centre: Andy Mullins, a 
member of Tuesday’s successful 
Combined England Students 
XV against Japan, is at prop, j 

DURHAM S Harms (Durtmm City fc S 
Haeiney{W#st HantopooQ, I DaafHtrtto- 
pod Rovers). W Carina (Dutam Unfwar- 
sity), D Cooto(MdiSamrougli);J Stabler 
vtfHMOQ.'S Mrlap (Durham City): 
ns [Durham University). M Feo- 

(Durham CM, Q Cook (West! 
Hvtiepoaq. O Hbeliaa (WBsi Hartlepool). ; 
J Dam (We st Harttapoon, M Howard 
(Durham City, capo, BHoddar (West | 
HarttepooO. Q DfawMa (Hartlepool j 
Rovers). I 

Ellesmere power play 
reaps its rewards 

By Michael Stevenson 

Rydal School 10 

Ellesmere College...^. 38 

Ellesmere were far too strong 
in the forwards for Rydal, who 
showed considerable spirit but 
deteriorated defensively in the 
closing stages to lose by a goal 
and a try to four goals, two tries 
and two penalties. 

The spirit was willing for a 
tong time, but Rydal's tackling 
in the closing stages was reduced, 
to tatters. 

Ellesmere led through an early 
penalty by Marvell but irvefy 
handling by Rydal and two slick 
switches gave Willis his chance 
to exploit an overlap on the left 
and score. 

ground and fed Richards, whose 
angular, bustling run frustrated 
several would-be ladders. He 
scored under the posts and 
Marvell converted. 

A penalty try gave Rydal a 10- 
9 half-time lead. Harries, hack- 
ing on a loose ball near the 
Ellesmere line, was tackled off 
the ball and Goldsmith made no 
mistake with the conversion. 

■After the interval it was a 

different story, however, as 
Ellesmere pm on the pressure- 
with tries from Weighill, - 
Birch 01, Cooperand the power- 
ful Braithwaite. Together with 
Marvell's excellent goalkicJring, 
Ellesmere were in complete 

SCORERS: Rydal: Tty: WUe. Penalty fey. 
Com Gatdamilh. EBmbxkw: Trias: Rich- 
ards, Weigh*. Hammond. Bfrcftal, Coo- 
per, Bralttwatta. Cons; Marvel (4); Pens: 
Marvell (a. 

RYDAL: M Yeoman; A Mooro, A Arnold. J 
R Jones. S W** P GokJsinrth, S DaJe- 
Jones: B Lay. S Thampstona, J Clarita, M 
PntchanHtowartn. L Hunter. M Weiss, H 
Bradley, R Harries. 

Cookeon. O Braithwaite, C Ham mond, J 
Shaw; D ManeS. M Cooper T Richards, K 
BemtorO, C TanjuM. I Cooks; R Hulme, N 
Buck, M WelghCS wad. 

Bateraee D Wacox (Uvarpoot Society). 

Fijian frolic 

The Fijian Barbarians, who 
arrive m Britain fora 12-match 
tour on October 26, began their 
world tour against a Hast and 
Present- Argentine XV in Bue- 
nos Aires at the weekend, losing 
45-38. There have been some 
amendments to their schedule 
and they will now meet Moseley 
on November 9, North Wales at 
Wrexham on December 3 and 
conclude with a game against 
Camborne on December 7. 


24 pts .............. ...£585*65 

23 pts...... - £1680 

22% pts .£2-10 

22 pts....~. £1-90 

21 ftp's AM5 

Treble Chance Dividends to Units Of 




(Nothing Baned) 

5 AW AYS £2-85 

(Nothing Barred) 

4 DRAWS £3*60 

( Nothing Barred) 

Above Dividends to Units ol lOp. 

Expenses and Commission for 20th 
September 1986-32-2% 

For coupons Phone 01-200 0200 


Phone 0 1 -253 5376 

7Efi$ of THOUSANDS of 15'A'lp WINNERS 


A 2 Vi Will 1 1 


SEOUL Dull Cmc total MM Mi 

Stogies (Koreans frn): YooJhwun M Shorn 
Shrasht 4-6. 6-4. 6-4; Song Oongwook. lost 
to TaoyoeM Fukul 64. fr3. S. Korea wan 4-1. 


MEW YORK: American LeagaK 

ahfp play- o n senes: CaMoma .. 
Boston Tied Sox 1 (CaEfoma lead 
swan senes i-ro. 


TOUR HATCH: Combinad EngMi SJudert* 
■U, Japan 4. 

CLUB MATCHES: Abaravon 25. PenamTfc 
Heaflndfcy 19. Mortoy 0: Newport 17. 
Barbarians 5Ct Tredegar 0. Pontypridd 14: 
Cnitoridga U 3, 51 Mary's Hosp&r». 
Hartaqwis 35. Lougttoraugh Cols 9 

his peace 

By John Goodbody 

Phil Edmonds, the England 
and Middlesex left-arm spinner, 
yesterday apologized to the Test 
and County Cricket Board for 
his remarks during a television 
interview on Monday's Terry 
Wogan Show and is now dear to 
fly out today with the party to 

“The matter is now consid- 
ered closed," said Mr Donald 
Carr, secretary of the TCCB, 
after talking to Edmonds at 
Lord's over his discussion with 
David Frost, a guest 

A Board statement said Ed- 
monds apologized sincerely for 
any embarrassment which may 
have been -caused by flippant 
comments he made on 

"He reiterated a full accep- 
tance of the Board's require- 
ments set out in the tour 
contract. Further, he stressed 
that he recognized the particular 
importance of the forthcoming 
tour to Australia and that he was 
looking forward to playing a full 
. part m the -England team's 
efforts to retain the Ashes," the 
statement said. 

Edmonds was drawn into 
talking briefly about the tour 
when he and his wife, Frances, 
were chatting with Frost The 
TCCB considered these remarks 
in "very bad taste" and ordered 
Edmonds to appear .before 

All members of the tour party 
have agreed .to abide by a 
contract which rules out talking 
publicly about the tour. The 
TCCB stopped .Ian Botham 
from appearing on last night's 
Thames TV's Midweek Sport 
SpeciaL . 

During the interview, Ed-, 
monds and his wife made 
several jocular comments about 
the TCC1T5 ruling about players 
not giving interviews to the 
press and also about the rule 
forbidding players' wives to go 
to Australia for the first six 
weeks of the tour. 

When he was asked about ther 
forthcoming trip, Edmonds de- 
clined to answer but then added; 
"1 will just do a bit of telepathy 
with Frances and see what she, 
thinks. Frances, thinks we are 
coming round after the debacle 
in the West Indies and we have 
developed into a cohesive unit. 
It will be a very good tour she 

Edmonds also referred to the 
fact that during the 1958-59 tour 
of Australia. Peter May. then the 
England captain ana now the 
chairman of the selectors, had 
been accompanied by his wife. 

Edmonds said _ before the 
meeting. -that he did not think 
any of his remarks could be 
construed as being in bad taste. 

Mrs Edmonds, who wrote a 
controversial book. Another 
Blood)’ Tour about last winter’s 
disastrous trip to die West 
Indies, is not covered by tire 
TCCB regulations. 

Edmonds, who in the past has 
given his comments on cricket 
to a London radio station and a 
national' newspaper, was re- 
leased from these commitments 
before the selectors met to pick 
the party and so was available 
for the tour. 

Torn- preview, page 35 



CENTRAL LEAGUE: Second cMskxr 
West Bromwich Albion v York (7.0L 


Lowe s private war g? 

No one, apart from Graham 
Lowe himself; knows how badly 
the Wigaa coach wants to beat 
Australia hi Sunday's opening 
game of the 1966 Tour. Every 

English manager and coach wifi 

want to do what no team 
nw-gwi on the 1982 Toot, to 
win against the mritodbte Kan- 
garoos. With Lowe, the desire 
encompasses a deep-rooted, nag- 
ging need. 

Lowe joined Wigan at the 
start of the season, at a reputed 
figure of £40,000 a year, after 
several years as coach to the 
New Zealand international side, 
who, during the smhmwr, lost 
another senea to Australia. He 
is still smarting from those 
defeats, convinced that over the 
past few yean the Auatrafians 
have been -as much tacky , ns 
unbeatable and determtaed that 
another bane Wigan crowd top- 
ping 20,900 wifi stand at tee end 
of tiie game to salute the first 
victory by a dnh side - over 
Australia since Whines won 11- 
10 in 1978, 

Lowe has already ramptar the 
sweet taste of success over the 
Kangaroos, an intenntihnulwfn 
which catapulted him into tiie 
realm of top. coaches. It was in 
July 1983 in the second of two 
internationals. Australia had 
continued tiu£r long immunity 
from defeat- at all levels by 
beating the Kiwis 16-4 at Auck- 
land and on their bourn ground 
at Brisbane, they were expected 
to win comfortably. 

However, Lowe and Ms New 
Zeatanrl sqead tore into the 
Anssies, tedded Hke area in- 
spired and Mstmhed Australia's 
free-flowing game so ra nc h tint 


DIARY -■ ■ JiSm- . 

New Zealand cahsedwsrfojeide h'.di'-v 

amaaement by wtanfog lu 

was a win that proved dat th?* ^ - 

wearers of the green aw^pSi 

jerseys were hnaan bemgsaad 9*7 j„: , v 

not machines. - 

Since then there te kra 
mutnal and pro fe s s i ona l antipa- Jf*,. 

fhy between the AustnBanafnd. ^ 

Lowe. Australia enjoyed heafafft 
the Kiwis in the snramtf , pMfap? J" 

Lowe firmly buk'h hh ptera T **; „■ 

On Sunday, Wigan's New'S*. 


L®-3ve has two big wooies.- Ha «7 tr. . •, 

has to get his players to shAkg (J 

off the memory of defeat, at 
Warrington butSundhy, khesflV ... 

tag sustained when ha . was ' 

without Ah' star back'Bhsy ,, • „ 

Hanley, with the Great Btffria ■> 

loose forward Andy Gdddwaj .... 

operating as hooker in-a-'£ldo>J“^ 1 .J- , 
affected by injuries: Hanley's .... 
homed knee is the. other- worry, ,.. v . 

hot it is responding to treatment V 
will hie thrown buo dte tray on „„ -/V. 
Sunday. . r.„, 

Australia are taldna the Cen- r ^,i , 
end Peril aama so seriously that 
it is bring-baJedsdown ander and ^ ■>*, 

planted in' .the tourists^- „ 

consciousness as “the fonrar “* ** 
Test, match" with Austrsha,' 
after thrashing Papua New 
Guinea 60-12 in a warm-up - 

game en route to ycsteidayh^ 
arrival m England, tnnrinft am 
their strongest available side: * 

0P i - l V 

jK’l.f-' 1 “ ’ 

ml vrc. 
c.'**- 1 - ■•• •■ 
*12 1 

-•1 VI' 

Ja-T-*}'*’ ■■ 


" 1 


'wr* 1 ' 

H'J “it vt 

T:' * 
rrr,- ■ i 

Im’xa .• 


Kingston on bent knee 

Seeking- a monopoly in dom- tire first leg to 1 5 points midway 
estic honours does not com- throu#i the first tadf-Even wi% ^ . 
peusate Team Polycell Kingston seven minutes left and- .four-* ^ 
for what Andy InnelL a player, baskets up, Kingston lopked 

peusate Team Polycell K 
for whal Andy Inindl a , 
described yraterday as "the good until Raivio, the Amert- 
mosr numbing defeat I have can, ran riot, taking a meagre 
■known in my three years at the eight points in the first half to i s 
dub" (Nicholas Halting writes), total of 37 in the second - The 
- Kingston’s 104-90 eclipse by Belgian dub at one siage scorinj^ ,** 
Racing Maes Pfls Mechelen on 13 points without reply. ■ 
Tuesday brot^ht a subdued Kingston were fitusfaed.-We 
party home from the medieval were not smart," Kevin Gadefc, 
eccksiasiicaJ centre of Belgium, their coach, said, refuting Jfti? 
their mayors having gone unan- - .give Kingston the excuse 
swered. judging finom the. 195- Bontrager, their play-makew 
te scondine in the was ill and coughed through the < 

** j- . 

fe. -T-S 

ZwmXgm 5SE2I 



iMf*;' 1 ' ‘^1 ‘'il jj 1 


Continued &«a page 39 

■ Ji.J. . j 

OLDHAM: Hnvywtaora bout H Cuma IS O 
McCforv. 2nd md Ilo. 

Star attraction 

Tennis stars past and present 
are to play a series of exhibition 
matches in Bologna next month 
in aid of the Italian player. 
Gian Luca Rinaldi who was 
paralysed m a cat accident 
Taking pan will be . John 
McEnroe. Bjorn Borg. Ivan 
Lendl. Yannick Noah, Vitas 
Genilains, Guillermo Vilas. 
Adriano Panatta and Hie 
Nastase. . 

mow MV Sdtt npp-RwH*: '.* 

SO Tob«* - • - • . - . 

‘I v 'n 






Today’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

1,1 <■ .3 

i W 


" l 



*°° News 




. • 



• ’ «w 

•; : % 

• V ‘N 



»IU|> 7 k 


■£ s «a 

-^.^ oodand 

““Sr 5 ®- 


ignnwi.!—... — 

'• l.w, 
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Ul s^-| 
■■“it lli- 

■' :* ry*: 

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- *' vi(j 

-• M“ra Stuart and Laurte 
Mayer, mchides news 
ft* 1 * wtth subtitles. 

_ - 3^Regtonal news.TTie 
r ‘ from 

M«*weiFteh 1.30 Mop 
290 g gd&nlff.( r) 1.45 CoSta. 
■ SS^wthts Party 
Conference 1986. The 
.- on rates and rating 
Regional news. 

3^5 ScragtgaandHtaTe*. 

Time TeWy. For the very 
young 4.10 Sebastian and 


Dog. Michael Barrymore 

Teacher. Paul Jones with 
- another round of the 
pupils versus teachere 
quiz game 4.30 Dungeons 

3 SgSft" 

Newsround 5-05 Bine 
; peter. The studio is 
invaded by nine Red 
w Indians from the Cree and 
Ojibwaya tribes who 
~3rf arm their — 

j dance. (• „ 

5- 3S The Horse of the Yew 

Show from Wembley 
Arena. The Junior Snow 
- Jumper of the Year, 
introduced by David Vine. 

6 00 News with Nicholas 
Witchell and Andrew 
Harvey. Weather. 

6- 35 London Phis. 

7.00 Top of the Pops 

introduced by Gary Davies 
and Simon Maya 

7- 30 EastEnderm. Den and 

Angle are worried about 
their daughter, Sharon's, 

. future, and the onus is on 
Den to make a decision. 

&00 Tomorrow's World. There 
are items on the television 
of the future; a voice 
• recognition car telephone; 
Peter Macann drives airo- 
hands lawn mower; Judith 

dt Harm examines a method 
to make identity, caolsand „ 
passports torgery-proot 
Maggie PhStointe in 
Nuneaton to see arottoisli 
tip that produoes methane; 
there is news of an uttra- 
strong bicycle; and of a 
corporation basthat 
should never break down. 

&30 Lenny Henry Ionite krftw 
dual rale of a match- 




t ib 


News with John Htanphrys 
and Frances Coverdato. 
Regional news and 

9 JO In Sickness and in Health, 
m this last of the series,- 
Atf finds himself doted 
upon by three women. 
Starring Warren MitcheB, 
Irene Hand!, Patricia 
Hayes, and Carmel 

10XJQ Conference CMaOon 
Time from the 

Theatre, Bournemouth. Sir 

Rob*n Day's guests are 
Paddy Ashdown, Dents 
Healey. Nigel Lawson, and 
James Prior. 

11 jw The Horse of me Year 
Show from Wembley 
Arena featuring the Next 

and Next Puissance. 

12.10 Weather. 


6-15 Good; 

presented by’ 

Diamond and Mike Morris. 


and 5UXfc financial news at 
635; sport at &40 and 
7.40; exercises at &5S; 
Joan Coffins Interview at 
7.15, 5.15 and 545; 
cartoon at 735; pop music 
at 7J55; and Jem Barnett's 
postbag at 83S. The After 
Nine guests indude Claire 
Raynor who answers 
viewers' letters on the 
problems of single 


935 Thames news headlines. 

930 ForSetoofccfliewofkof 
the poflce 542 Raky Story, 
byrwwRoss SL54 

fleldsICtfl Cw^wfrom 
a West of Ireland vfflage 
make music in more ways 
than one 1038. The 
resources of the bram 
1 045 Two-cfimensional 
drawing 11 33 Part two of 
the drama serial. The 
Night Swimmers 1120 
Poetry and prose about 
playtime 1137 How We 
Used to Live: vote for 

1230 ThontM the Tank Enable 
and Friends, (r) 12.10 
Puddle Lane. Puppet 
show wKh Neil Irmas and 
Richard Robinson, (r) 

1230 The SuHbam. 

130 News at One with John 
Suchet 130 Thames 

130 Levkas Man. Drama serial 
. about a son tasking for his 

Home Cookery Chib. 
Apple Toasty. 

230 Daytime. Sarah Kennedy 
chairs a studio discussion 
on a topical matter 330 
Take the High Road. More 
dramas among the 

i Thames news 
headBnes 330 Sana and 

430 FBdn. Christopher 
LHterap with the tale of 
kfike Muffigan and His 
Steam Shovel 4.10 The 
Trap Door. Cartoon 
adventures 430 Animals 
In Action. Vicky Licorish 
and Mike Linley 
Investigate Nature’s 
Dustmen 445 Chocky** 
Chafiengo. Adventures of 
a visitor from another 
planet who reveals herself 
only to people she can 

5.15 Blockbusters. 

545 News with John Suchet 
630 Thames news. 

63S HeJplVh/ Taylor Gee 

- investigates the shortage 
of ambulance drivers. 

B35 Rn naroa ds. 

730 Emm er da ieFang. Phflhas 
a heart-to-heart with 
. SaraftL 

730 Fresh Fields. Emma’s m- 
~laWs are Invited (tinner and 
. arrive with sui t cases. 

. Wflfiam fays plans to . 
escape. (Oracle)-. . 

830 Ftim: The Runaway Train 
(1973) starring Ben 
Johnson. A made-for- 
, . television thriller about a 
train wtth frozen brakes 
carrying skiers returning 

home from their hotiday. 

“■ Directed by David towel 
• -Rich: - • : 

830 T» Week: Noraw- 
Contfition Critical. A 

- report by Michael WHson 
on the critical state of the 

areunabteto . 

recnjlt because of . 
financial cutbacks, and 
qualified staff are bring 
tempted abroad in droves. 

1030 News at Ten with Alastair 
. Burnet and Carol Barnes. 
Weather followed by 
Thames news headSnes. 

1030 Thames Sport SpadaL 
Some of Britain's brightest 



Mo Hussein,’ 

Shiefs. and Sean Murphy. 

1145 Kofak. The New York 
detective has problems 
with mental patient who 
cannot with the reafity of a 
murder she witnessed. 

1240 Wght Thoughts. 

• Two BBC2 documentaries 
tonight demonstrate a favourite . 
device of the realistic f&m- 
maker. They show how ertfufly a 
single shot reinforced with 

music, can make a port mare 

dozen Unas of commentary. Take 

one of the closing moments 
Forty Ml 


i). Harry WesUoom's 

Christina Signer in Anniba, mi 
Channel 4, 930pn 

i about the 
women's prison. The camera 
points down the ce^-kned 
corridor, and we have just 
eavestfcqpped on a violent 
incident. From one of the 
cefls, we hear a ragged chorus. 
The song, barely heard above 
the genaal clatter end eternal 
protests, is Show Mb the Way 
to Go Horrm.~ The other 
cap&MtZBU moment comes tn 
(740pm), this wage's Open 
Space documentary. In the hotel 
room that represents the 


entire living space of a mother of 
three, the baby stands up In 
his cot, watching a musical 
Oferwytendprogramnw on 
the television set The swig is 

When You Wish Upon a Star. 

In it, you wffl recall, there is a fine 
of lyric that says something 
like ... everything your heart 

desires wil come to you. 

Actuafly, by drawing attention 
to these two teHing shots. I have 

tiie wrong impression of 1 
thrust of the films 
themselves. They are not m the 
least soft-centred. They are 
hard-hitting and campaigning. 
Ton Days mHoBoway not 
only exposes a system of over- 
a nightmare, but says that 
keeping remanded women in 

Such conditions is nothing more 
or less than premature 
sentencing. The villain of the 
piece me 4 B- The Real 
Scandal is dearly identified as a 
Government that prefers to 
pay out vast sums of money to 
give the homeless inadequate 
temporary accommodation 
rather than embark on a 
housmg scheme that win put a 
permanent roof over their 
heads end give them a fair share 
of the worfa s supply of 
breathing space 
• Radio choice: Bookshelf 
(Radio 4. 4.05pm). which returns 
wtth a new presenter. Susan 
HA, and The Radio Programme 
(Radio 4, 9.30am. repeated 
on Sunday) which, on paper, 

sounds as if Laurie Taylor 
and Co are trying hard tot 
neworouncL if rm m 

to break 

luck to them 

Peter Davalle 

BBC 2 

930 Ceefax. 

835 Daytime on Two: part 
three of a five-episode 
adventure in French 9J2 
Economics: why introduce 

new technology? 10.15 

The nature of paper and 
how it is made 1038 Why 
steam took so long to 
succeed sa0 1130 
Thinkabout 11.18 a 
student’s view at an 
undergraduate's Ufa 1140 
Should boxing be banned? 

12.12 Making different types of 
documentary fSm 1245 
Science: genes 135 

French language course 
for beginners, (end at 
130) -L38 How farming 
methods improved after 
the Enclosure Acte of the 
18th and 19th centuries 
230 Trees and making a 
tree book using te8f 
patterns Z15 Sounds 
made by hunting horns. 

235 Ceefax. 

3JS0 Conservative Party 
Conference 1988. The 
debate on overseas affaire. 

530 News summary with 
subtitles. Weather. 

535 Harold Lloyd* Excerpts 
from the comedian's 
Number Please, made in 
1920, and Off the Trolley, 
a 1919 production, (r) 

630 Star Trek. Captain Kirk 
and his crew are caught in 
deadly crossfire when two 
aliens choose the 
Enterprise as a battle-field 
to settle bitter dfterences 
50,000 years old. (r) 

645 River Journeys. Austrafian 
Russell Braddon travels 
Ms native country's 
Murray River from its 
source to the sea. (r) 

740 Open Space: BandB- 
-TheReM SeandaL 

Directors of Housing, 
representkig 1 6 of soma 
of the most deprived 
inner-city areas express 
fhter concern about the 
homelessness which, they 
. reckon, results in some 
tour and a half thousand 
famffies havirm to five in 
■ bed and breakfast 

acconinxxtetion at a coat 

' of£40mffi6nayear.(see 

■■ Choice) 

8.10 Tkiiewatch. Peter France 
introduces three films 

boSwaSttions of a VG 
won at Rorke's Drift, a 
mectiev&l Wuntinated 
manuscript and the \. 
motivattavbehindsome of 
the people who b«f for the 


930 Alas Smith and Jones. 
Comedy sketches and 
repartee from Mel and 
Griff with assistance from, 

" among others, Anna 
Dawson and Barbara 
Ewing. (Ceefax) 

930 40 ftfeiutes: Ten Days in 
Hofloway. Ties first of a 
new season of 
documentaries is the first 
fulWength one to be filmed 
inside Britain's 
women’s prison. 

> Choice) 
i Buff of theY 
j round of the 



MacLaine; Martin 
Scorsese; Leslie Howard; 
and German fflms rtf the 
' 1920s. 

1030 NewsnigU. 1145 


235 FWnc The Punch and Judy 

Hancock, Sylvia Sims i 
Ronald Fraser. The tale of 
a down-to-earth beach 
entertainer, i 
married toai 
ctimbing wife, who has a 
chance to prick the 
seaside town's bubble of 
snobbery when he is 
asked to perform at an 
important gala of which 
U^mayCT ^ttw ^iest of 

Diplomat A 
Woody Woodpecker 

430 Studio 80. Musical 

entertainment with special 
guest, Dionne Warwick, 
and an item on the music 
associated with Fred 

530 FBnc True Confessions* 
(1937) starring Carol 


MacMurray. Comedy 
about a woman who is an 
inveterate bar who is 
defended by her upright 
husband when she is 
accused of a murder to 
which she confessed but 
did not commit Directed 
by Wesley Ruggles. 

630 Conference Report Glyn 
Mathias presents 
highlights of the day's 
roceedings at the 

Conference in 

730 Channel 4 News with 

Peter Sissons and Alastair 
Stewart includes a report 
on how the opposition 
parties in Gennany are 
preparing for the 
forthcoming eieefions. 

730 Comment from Bramwefl 
Cook, a retired (tirector of 
music. Weather. 

830 Equinox: Growing Up Wtth 
Rockets. An account by 
American film-maker 
Nancy Yasecko about 
what it was Bee to grow up 
in the Cape Canaveral 
area when it became the - 
“ centre tor United States 
space rocket 

930 Oh Ma d e B i e. American 
domestic comedy series 
starring Madeline Kahn. 

930 Annfta. Partoneof a 
three-episode teenage 
love story spanning a 
■ cultural divide, about a 
young Swedish student 
and an 18 year old waiter 
she meets on the Isle of 
~ Wfght Starring Christina 
Rignerand Jesse BlrdsaD. 

1030 Well 

Price of _ _ 

the issues 
surrounding tranquiHizers. 

11.15 Beyond Befief. The 

efisqutet in the St PauTs 
district of Bristol - what 
are the churches dwra to 
allay fears? Anthony Clare 
investigates. With Fr Peter 
Barnett, the Rev Richard 
Barrett, and members of 
the St Pad's Community 

1140 Relative Strangers. 
Comedy series about a 
happy-go-lucky man 

whose Bfe is drastically 
altered when the son he 
never knew he had turns 
up on his doorstep. 

Starring Matthew Kelly, 
Mark Farmer, and Bernard 
Gallagher, (r) Ends at 12.10. 

tranquility? An 
examination of the iss 




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A play by WiniMHLuca. diracM 
tn- oarin Rednratp Sum Oct 12. 
12 263 Ncn 2 M 4pm Mon OCt- 
20 al-3pfli IttIWtiiieiRa. 

( Radio 4 ) 

On long wave, (s) Stereo on VHF 

&55 Shtoplng. &00 News Briefing; 
Werner. 6.10 Farming. 

625 Prayer. 

&30 Today, iiKi BJO, 7JWJ, 
Business News. &55,?J55 

• WBather. 7,00, MO 

News. 7.25, &25 Sport 7 j 45 
Thought for the Day. 8L35 
Yesterday in Parliament 
6J7 Weather; Travel 

9X0 News 

SL05 In Business (new series) 

a30 ¥?» Radio Programme 
(new series) Reviews of 
and reports about radio 
programmes, presented 
by Laurie Taytor. 

Con tri butors indude 
B3be WMteiaw, Brian Hayes, 
Richerd Baker and 
Denise Robertson. 

10.00 News; What's New in 
Architecture. With 
Stephen Games (r) 

10l30 Morning Stow Nothing 
on tits Clock But the 
Maker's Name, by Ted 
Edwards. Reader 
Richard Derrington. 

10.45 An Act of Worsmp is) 

1L00 News; Travel; Analysis: A 
Giant Lav for Europe. 

David Wiiaaier Bxamtnas the 
issues that writ dominate 
European space policy for 
the next two dacades (i) 

11-48 Tales From Long Ago. 

Howie Firtri recounts the 
story of the Horseman and 
the Ship. 

12JX) News; You and Yours. 
Consumer advice 

12JET Round Britain Quiz (i) 

12.55 Weather 

1.00 The World at One: New 

1.40 The Archers. 1^5 


200 News; Woman's Hour. 
Includes a feature about 
an information service for 
newcomers to Britain. 

3.00 News: The Afterno o n 
Play. The Btfiy Alarm, by 
Peter Thomson. Cast 
indudes Karen Archer. 

Bill Nlghy and Vtekey Iretend. 
The theme; bringing up 

400 News 

406 Bookshelf (new aerias) 
with Susan H9I and 
Kingsley Amis. 

435 Kaleidoscope. Last 
. night's edition Jndudes 
" comment on John Upc&ke's 
book Roger's Version, 
and Innocence at the Gate 
' Theatre in Dublin (r) 

5.00 PM. News I 

5,50 1 


6.00 News; Fmandai Report 
630 Legal, Decant Honest 

andTntthfd. Martin 
Jarvis and Christopher 
Godwin in me comedy 
senes set in an advertising 


7.05 The Archers 
7-20 Any Answers? Listeners 
respond to test week's 
Any Questions? 

7.40 The immortal Bonerman. 
Variations on the life and 
music of Giacomo Puccini 

and JiD Bateon as his 
wife Eiwa. 
a.40 profile 

9.00 Does He Take Sugar? 

For disabled listeners 
and their torrefies. 

930 lan Skidmore m the BBC 
Sound Archives. 

9.45 Kaleidoscope, fndudes 
comment on The 
Phantom of the Opera at Her 
Majesty^, and the 
Britten/Tippett festival hi 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: 
Hangover Square (4). 

Read by Nick Dunning. 

10.30 Trie World Tonight 

11.15 The Financial World 

11.30 Today in Parliament 
11-4S Muse at Night. Ian 

Partridge sings songs by 
Gurney and Vaughan 
Williams (8) 

1230 News; Weather. 1233 

VHF (available in England and 
as above 


10.45 For Schools. 11.00- 
12.00 For Schools. 135- 
330pm Fbr Sdtoois. 530- 
535 PM (continued). 

1230-1 .10am Schools Night- 
time Broadcasts 
Deutsch fur die 



C Radio 3 ) 

&55 Weather. 7 J» News 
735 Concert: Lortzing(Der 
WBdschutz overture). 
Schumann (TfBBe romances, 
0094: HoBger/Brendel). 
Paganini (Bravura Variations 
on theme from Rossini's 
Mose in Eotto, urtth Accardo, 
violin), Weber (Symphony. 

No 2). 8.00 News 
835 Concert (contd): Puccini 
(Ca p ri t x a otinronico). 

Stravinsky i Concerto :r. E flat 
ter chamber orchestra. 
Owraartcn Caks), SCjetais 
iSymphOriy No 7). 8JD0 

935 This Week’s Comcoser 
Franz Schmidt 
Recordings cf the Symphony 
No 4 m C iplayed by 
V^nraSD under 
Swarcwskyl and the 
epemngo! Act 3 of 
Fred-guRis . with 
Ausman Radio SO and 
soloists ndudrg Hei-a 
Demesch and Marne =goi. 
10.10 Fuegoie-tte- Rai'^ 
t Rapsedie espaghefe: 
Csncergebouwi. ana 
Gicaswra Harp Concerto 
1 with Ntcanor Zafcalea. 

1055 Six Comments - Angus 
McDemud wdh foreign 
radiobroadcasts, memtared 
by the BSC (rt 
11.15 Piano music; Martin 
Jones plays 

Reizenstem s Scherzo in A, 
Hoddinott's Senate No 7. 
and Ireland's Rhapsody 
HAS BBC Scottish SO (under 
Mattritas Bamert), with 
Ernst Korasc (violin). Mozart 
(Symphony No 29). 
Beethoven Moln Concerto 
In Dy. 130 News 
135 Bristol (junchtene 
Concert; London 
Harpsidiord Ensen*le. 

Telemann (Quartet tn G. 
Tafetmusik 1L Handel (Trio 
Scswta m F. Op 2 No *», J 
C Bach iQumtst in D. Cp 22 

230 II Bartiiere dl SMgia. 
PbismDo's opera, sung m 
Kshan. Cast includes tshran 
• Gatl as Ftearo. Denes 
Gulyas (ASnaviva). Knszhna 
Laki fRcsmat ana Jcxsaf 
Gregor (Don Bartotol. 
Hungarian State 
Orchestra (under Rscher). 

Acs one and two. Acts 3 
and d after interval reading at 

420 Brahms. AFegn String 
Quartet play die Quintet 
mG major. Op m. with 
Patrick ireumd, viola. 

455 News 

530 Manly for Pleasure: 
recorded mus£ 
setecnor. presomedty 
Geoffrey Norris 
630 Bandsand: British 
Aerospace Wingates 
Band r under James Scort). 
Ball (Prelude to 
Pageantry i. Hcwanh 
(Mosaicl.'Eiga; (Severn 

7.00 A CivJismg Intiuence: the 
viol-rust Alexander 
Schneider talks to Paul 

730 Swansea Festival: Couf; 
Strmg Quartet Part one. 
Mezan (String Quartet in D 
minor. K 421). Mervyn 
Burtsch (String Ckiartet in 
memonam David Wynne) 
830 An Urn among the 
Chamber Pots: talk by 
Peter Pulzer. Gladstone 
Professor of 
Government at Oxford. 

830 Swansea Festival (part 
two). Schubert (5tnng 
Quartet inAmmor, D804) 
920 Protest play by Vaclav 
Havel, translated and 
adapted by Vera Blackwell. 
With Robin Bailey and 
John Norminqton . Drama 
about a dissident Czech 
playwright and an 
estabfisnment writer 
1030 Music In Our Time: music 
by Helmut Lschenmann. 

A Children's Game (GuniUe 
Kramer, piano), temA 
(Hanbna Aurbacher. mezzo; 
Gerhard Braun. flute; 

Werner Taut* ce!to> and 
Salutto Caudweiuwun 
Ciutanss. Wilhelm Brack and 
Theosor Ross, guitars) 

1135 First Nigtir John Be wen 
passes juCsment on the 
Bristol Old Vic production of 
Largo Daseiato 
11,15 Langham Chamber 
Orchestra lunaer 
Hunwitl.Boyce (Overture No 
6 m 0 minor), Mozart (Six 
Lanciar Dances. K 6C5|, and 
Haydn iSymphonv no 
71.1137 News. 1230 

C Radio 2 ) 

MF {medium wave). Stereo on 

News on the hour. Sports 
Desks 1.05pm. 2.02, 3.02, 4.02, 
5.05, 6.02, 6.45 (mf only). 9J5 
plus Nerse of the Year Show at 
11 .02pm 

430am Charles Move 530 Ray 
Moore 730 Derek Jameson 930 
Ken Srusc 11.00 Jimmy Young 
(ind food information) 1.05pm 
David Jacoos 2.00 Gloria 
Hunruford 330 David Hamilton 5.05 
Jonn Dunn with his speaal 
guest Princess Michael ol Kent 

7.00 Wally Whyion introduces 
Country Club 6.00 Rhythm and 
Blues with Paul Jones 9.55 
Spons Deck 1030 The Good 
Human Guide. Wilh the National 
Revue Company 1030 Star Sound 

Cinema. Movie maoaziite, 
presented ty Nick Jackson it. 00 
Brian Matthew presents Round 
Midnisnt 130am Richard C>cgg 
300-430 A Little Nigh: Music. 

( Radio 1 ) 

MF imed-um wave). Stereo on 
VHF iseeoelow) 

News on the half-hour from 
G.30am until 8.30pm then at 10.00 
and 12.00 midnight. 

5.30am Adrian John 7.00 Mike 
Smith's Breaktast Show 930 
Simon Gates 1230 New&boo! 

(Steve Annett) 12.45 Gary Dawes 

3.00 Stcvo Wnght 5.30 
Nowsbcat (Steve Annem 5.45 
Bruno Brookes 730 Jarucu 

Long 930 City to City Mark Pago is 
driven around Ctose"*" 

12.00 Andy 

Midne uro 1030-u 
Kershaw. VHF Radios 1 and 2: 

- 4.00am As Radio 2. 1030pm As 
Radio 1 . 12.00-4.00am As 
Rac --o 2. 


Site N6«s£«3l< fiJO L40 The Failure) 
YYcria 7.00 Nows 7.09 Twenty-four Hours 
7 JO FsSk 01 (he MMem World 7.45 
Netware UK EDO Nows S09 BetiaetionB 
615 Counmi Sryw 8.30 John Pew 8.00 
News 9.09 Renew at the Dnosh Press 
9.15 The World Today 030 FmanoaJ 
Nows 0*0 Look Ahead 9.45 Growing 
Ports in Seance 1930 News 10. Of The 
Savoy Operas 1030 Janes's Frayn 1130 
News 11.09 ADOUl Brum 11.15 New 
ideas 1135 A Letter from England 12.00 
Radio Newnreal 12.15 Top Twan» 12-45 
Sparts Rounduo 1.00 News 1.09 Twenty- 
faur Houn 130 Network UK 1.45 Lyncs 
and Lunusts 230 Outlook 245 Juke Box 
Oury 330 Radio Newsreel 3.15 The 
Pleasure s Yours 430 News 4,09 Com- 
mentary 4.15 AsMnment 4 AS World 
Today 530 News 539 Letter from 
England 830 News 139 Twenty-Four 
Hours 830 Business Metiers 9.00 News 
931 Book Choice 935 In the Meantime 
9.15 A Jolly Good Show 1030 News 1039 
The World Today 1025 A Letter From 
England 1030 financial News 1040 
Rert&sbons 1045 Spate Roundup 1130 
News 1139 Commentary 11.15 Merchant 
Navy Programnw 1130 Naan Notrebook 
11M The Fanreng World 1230 Newt 
1239 News About Brltatn 12.15 Radio 
Newsreel 1230 Music Now 130 News 
131 Outlook 130 Lynca and Lyriosts 1-4$ 
Book Choice 1.50 En The Meantime 230 
News 239 Review of the British Pres* 
2-15 Training lor T omorro w 230 Aber- 
deen international Youth Festival 330 
News 339 News About Britain 3.15 The 
Work! Today 330 Busmen Matters 430 
Newsdesk 4330 1 
la GMT. 

I Country Style. All tinea 

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TraH 12.10em-12.15 News and 
weather. SCOTLAND: 8JUpre-730R»- 
portlng Scotland. NORiHEfiNIRE- 
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Me That 83D4L00 SpoHgM 12.1C 

12.15 News and weetitw: ENGLAND: 

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Outlook: Ffcmting Through the Agae. 

channel aasss 

Home Cookery 135-230 Jessfe 
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ttrkTttemmnss I ; 






FA team up with 
Luton in fight 
against hooligans 

Luton Town's experimental 
scheme, which was over- 
whelmingly rejected by the 
Football League chairmen on 
Monday, was yesterday ac- 
cepted by the Football Associ- 
ation. The Challenge Cup 
Committee announced after a 
meeting in London that the 
dub who have banned away 
supporters will be allowed to 
compete in the FA Cup this 

The' decision, which in- 
cludes a stipulation that any 
dub playing at home against 
Luton snail also have the right 
to exclude visiting supporters, 
illustrates the wide and regret- 
table gap that divides the 
sport's two governing bodies. 
Two chairmen are in the 
uncomfortable position of sit- 
ting in the middle of iL 

Three days ago Ken Bates of 
Chelsea and Bert McGee of 
Sheffield Wednesday joined 
84 of their colleagues at Villa 
Park, where the same proposal 
was defeated by a margin of 
80-6. Luton, resisting as stub- 
bornly as the chairmen the 
temptation to bend their own 
rules, immediately withdrew 
from the Littlewoods Cup. 

new world 

Lisbon (Reuter) — 
Portugal's team for the Euro- 
pean Championship group 
two qualifying tie against Swe- 
den on Sunday will not in- 
clude anyone who played in 
the World Cup finals in 
Mexico. Absent from the 18- 
man squad are such well- 
known names as Fernando 
Gomes (forward), Carlos Ma- 
nuel (midfield) and Paulo 
Futre (winger). 

Of the 22 who represented 
Portugal in Mexico, eight were 
banned from the team for 
their part in a strike over pay 
and bonuses days before the 
start of the World Cup finals 
in which Portugal felled to 
survive the first phase. The 
remaining 14 declared them- 
selves “unavailable for 
selection” in solidarity with 
their banned Mexico team- 

Reluming to the squad after 
a long absence is Manuel 
Fernandes, the veteran cap- 
tain of Snorting, who was left 
oul of tine World Cup team 
because of a dispute with Jose 
Torres, the former manager. 
Other former internationals in 
the 18 selected by Ruy Seabra, 
the new manager, are Mario 
Jorge, Sheu and Nunes. 

Also returning to the squad 
after a long absence is Alberto, 
aged 30, the Belenenses de- 

SQUAD: QnftMpan: Ze Be». SMna 
DcfMKtara: CcxMudo, Mtgufll. Eduardo 
Luis, Fernando Mendea. Aftwrto, Drto. 
MUtWd ptafn: Jane. Paqu« 0 . Sheu. 
Nunes. M Joroe. Adao. Nwcenemo. 
Faiw wd K P Xavier. 


By Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent 

Bates, McGee and Smith 
went to Lancaster Gate yes- 
terday, where Luton’s case 
received, as expected, a more 
sympathetic hearing. Bert 
Millichip, the chairman of the 
FA. and Ted Croker, the 
secretary, had already stated 
that they were in fevour of the 
club’s individual stand against 

The other 1 1 members of 
the committee, including .Ar- 
thur McMullen, who is the 
vice-chairman, all represent 
county associations. Their 
view, mercifully, is more gen- 
eral than that of the chairmen, 
many of whom are outstand- 
ing only for their egotistical 
natures and self-centred opin- 
ions. Luton gained the support 
of the majority. 

“The Football League also 
have decisions to mak e but I 
hope that this will cot cause a 
rift between us. The League 
operate their competitions 
without interference and l 
hope they give us the same 
privilege. It may seem that the 
decision is unfair to some 
dubs and that is why we have 
given them the opportunity to 
exclude Luton’s supporters.” 

“We are in an extremely 
difficult position,” Croker 
said, “but the overriding 
consideration, as far as we are 
concerned, has to be hooligan- 
ism. That is the one criterion 
on which we have to make a 
judgement these days and, as 
Luton’s scheme is concerned 

with crowd control, we had to 
allow it. 

Richard Tracey, the Min- 
ister for Sport, was “pleased 
that the FA have given their 
consent. It is important that 
the scheme be tested outside 
League matches because only 
then win we be able to judge 
its usefulness. I am grateful to 
the FA for their positive 
approach to the fight against 

The committee also granted 
Oldham and Preston per- 
mission to stage FA Cup ties 
on their artifical pitches. In 
pointing out that the ruling 
will apply only until the end of 
the season, Croker stressed 
that “it should not be implied 
that the surfaces concerned 
will be acceptable in the 

Eyes on the balk Dodds, of England, gets his pass away as Antaloor tries a reverse stick tackle (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 

Italy’s Cup squad 
face tax inquiry 

M Famandes. 

Rome (Reuter) — Italy’s 
1982 Worid Cup squad will 
soon be given back their 
passports, withdrawn last 
month during an investigation 
into alleged tax evasion, ju- 
dicial sources said today. 

All 22 players have been 
warned that they are under 
investigation over tax returns 
filed in 1983, regarding pay- 
ments from a clothing sponsor 
at the Worid Cup finals in 
Spain the previous summer. 

The sources said a mag- 
istrate investigating the 
charges would go to France in 
the next few days to take 
evidence from a repre- 
sentative of the French spon- 
sor. Afterwards the players’ 
passports would be returned, 
they added. 

Players who are members of 
teams involved in European 
Cup competitionshave had to 
apply to Italian courts for 
special permits to travel 
abroad for matches since the 
passports were withdrawn. 

The squad had also faced a 
trial in December on charges 
of breaking Italy's currency 
laws by not converting the 
payment into lire within a 
month of returning home. But 
sources said recent changes in 
the law meant that the players 
were now likely to escape trial. 

• ZURICH (Reuter) - Swiss 
first division club, FC Basle, is 
facing bankruptcy unless a 
massive cash injection is 
forthcoming, the interim dub 
president, Peter Suter, said 

“Our coffers are completely 
empty. There is no cash flow. 
Our debts are around a mil- 
lion francs (£400,000). We 
need another half a million 
francs (£200.000) to survive 
till the end of the year if we are 
to avoid bankruptcy,” he said. 

Suter told a Press con- 
ference that in response to an 
appeal a 150,000 Swiss franc 
(£45,000) loan from a leading 
Basle bank had enabled them 
to pay players and officials 
their outstanding September 
salaries. The dub. with three 
Swiss internationals in the 
ranks blames falling atten- 
dances for itsplighL 

But many in football circles 
attribute the crisis directly to 
the club splashing out substan- 
tial sums for new signings it 
could ill afford. . - 

• MADRID (Reuter) — The 
Real Madrid defender, Anto- 
nio Maceda, whose Worid 
Cup campaign with Spain was 
cut short by a recurring knee 
injury, has undergone a third 
operation to try to cure the 
problem, a clid) spokesman 
said today. 

The international, aged 29, 
underwent surgery yesterday 
on his right knee after doctors 
decided it had reacted badly to 
light training. They said after- 
wards he could be fit to play 
again before the end of the 
season. Maceda had his first 
operation last March and 
returned to the side in time to 
help them win the league 
championship and UEFA 

Celtic get 
all clear 

Celtic will fulfil their Euro- 
pean Cup fixture with Dy- 
namo Kiev in the Soviet 
Union on November 5 (Hugh 
Taylor writes). “We have been 
assured that there is no danger 
to the players following the 
radiation effects from the 
Chernobyl disaster.” Jack 
McGinn, the Celtic chairman, 
said last nighL 

The players were told that 
two Bulgarian sides had 
played recently in Kiev and 
had made no complaint. “In- 
deed, we have received total 
assurances that there will be 
no ' danger ” the chairman 
added. “The dub doctor has 
spearheaded our investiga- 
tions and he has been safisfi 
by the experts,, who have 
answered all of his points.” 

Celtic are expected to take 
their own food, although they 
have been told, that radioactiv- 
ity levels in the atmosphere 
around Kiev were extremely 
low. Action to substitute the 
water supply with water from 
an uncon laminated region 
had been taken. The only 
remaining source of concern 
was the consumption of lo- 
cally produced food. 

The Russian authorities 
have slated that they are 
bringing food into the area, so 
they are not expected to object 
to Celtic bringing in their own 
hampers, as they did when 
they played Kiev in 196& 

• Jimmy Quinn, the Blade- 
burn forward, has been called 
into Northern Ireland's squad 
for the European Champion- 
ship game against England at 
Wembley next Wednesday. 






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Higgins and Griffiths 
on collision course 

Alex Higgins, winner in 
1972 and 1982, has been 
drawn to meet Terry Griffiths, 
another former champion, in 
the second round of the 
Embassy world championship 
in Sheffield next April. Three 
times in the past Griffiths has 
beaten the controversial Irish- 
man at the Crucible Theatre — 
twice in the second round and 
once in the quarter-finals. 

Last season Griffiths beat 
Higgins 1 3-12, the fifth time in 
10 years the Irishman had lost 
a worid championship match 
by the odd frame. In the first 
round Higgins is scheduled to 
meet another Welshman, Cliff 
Wilson, with Jim Wych. of 
Canada, likely to be Griffiths’s 

Dennis Taylor, the 1985 
world champion, is in the 
same half of the draw as Joe 
Johnson, the defending cham- 
pion. with their paths ex- 

pected to cross at the semi- 
final stage. 

Johnson, who feces a pos- 
sible first-round match against 
Eugene Hughes, now plans to 
cut down on bis charity work 
to concentrate on the task in 
hand. He said: “I have to start 
saying no to many of the 
enquiries. It will be difficult, 
but I must start practising, 
more if I am going to win 
matches. -I need four to five 
hours a day, but at the 
moment 1 am lucky to get that 
amount in a week.” 

Hughes, a beaten semi- 
finalist in the BCE Inter- 
national at Stoke last week, 
will meet Johnson providing 
he wins his fbunh-rouna 
qualifying match at Preston. 
The Preston stages will be held 
from March 26 to April 4, with 
the championship moving to 
Sheffield from April 18 to 
May 4. ... 


Drummond on market 

Des Drummond, the Leigh 
and Great Britain winger, has 
been placed on the transfer list 
at a fee of £100.000. Drum- 
mond has played for Leigh 
this season since returning 
from a summer spell with the 
Sydney club. Western 

The fee is £20.000 less than 
Drummond’s asking price 
when be was last listed six 
months ago. TheLeigh chair- 
man. Brian Sharpies, said: 
"We could not meet 
Drummond's demands and he 
hasn't returned to the club as 
we hoped” 

The club is still interested in 
a swap deal the for Great 
Britain captain, Hany Pinner, 
listed by St Helens at £95,000. 

Meanwhile. Leeds granted a 

transfer request today from 
Brendan HtlL aged 22, their 
prop forward, who was a 
member of the Great Britain 
test squad last season. They 
have fixed a fee of £35.000 for 
Hill who has been at 
Headingley for four years 
since leaving Bradford junior 

Usfaa moves up - 

Delhi (AP) - P. T. Usha, the 
“Sprint Queen” of India who 
won four gold medals and a 
silver at the recent Asian Games 
in South Korea, said yesterday 
that she would no longer be 
competing in 100 and 200-metre 
races. Instead, she will con- 
centrate on the 400m and the 
400m hurdles. Usha. aged 23. 
holds the Asian -record in- all 
four events. 


a deal 
for Pyrah 

By Jenny MacArthnr 

Malcolm Pyrah is now the 
proud owner of a Range 
Rover after winning his: battle 
with the organizers of the 
Horse of the Year Show. 

r i claimed the £16,000 car 
winning the Raffles Clas- 
sic on Monday night 
The dispute arose when 
Pyrah won a 15-horse jump- 
off against the . dock on 
Towenands Anglezarke. He 
assumed that entitled him to 
the car as die rules state the car 
would be awarded to “the 
rider who completes die first 
round of any two Raffles 
Classic competitions without 
incurring'any faults and wins 
die Raffles Classic at -the 
Horse of iheYearShow.” — 
But the org aniz ers, had no 
intention at first of awarding 
Pyrah the. car; :RaynKtod 
Brooks-Ward, tire managing 
director of British Equestrian 
Promotions who organized 
the Stow, said that the 
“spirit” of the rales had 
always been that the two dear 
rounds had to be jumped at 
qualifiers before Wembley. 

Pyrah, after taking legal 
advice, lodged an appeal with 
tire committee. A meeting was 
hastily convened yesterday 
and the verdict was unani- 
mous: Pyrah had fulfilled the 
conditions. A member of the 
committee said yesterday that 
next year more attention 
would be paid to the wording 
of the schedule. 

Meanwhile, tire frenetic 
programme in tire Wembley 
Arena continued with tire 
Austin Rover stakes which 
was won, after a big and 
difficult jump-off course, by 
Peter Charles on Cedi Wil- 
liams' Merrimandias. The 
Irish-bred gelding, aged nine, 
was one of only four horses 
out of the 15 in tire jump-off 
who went dear. Charles said 
he thought the jump-off 
course, designed by Alan Oli- 
ver, was “too big for what they 
were jumping for" — a ref- 
erence to the £300 first prize. 

Later Jamie Fry rode with 
an experience which belied his 
17 years with a well-judged 
dear when winning the Basil- 
don Bond young riders 
championship of the year on 

Ttn Austin Row States 1, Metrt- 

nrarxtasfP Charles). (HRb. fe32.44wc2. 

Swnlxjy IP SuBon). 0. 3ZJ3Z: a. Oyo**: 
Trotter (W J ran dar Scftans, Nether- 
lands). Q. SUM. BnsMon Bari 
ifcten ebampfcmsNp: 1. Fagan (J 

3230: 2. Blue Moon jp MwphyJ.4- 29-75: 
3. Everest Domino (M Edgar).*. 31.04. 

— P-fcl,.-,— Him — a-n ■- 

usoamm rwngnooo noinviintQnira 
wear: Cbaraptec Mis S Romm’s Meridbn: 
Ream; tiro R A G Douglas MWa 
Longnewton Mukaracfcar. 



. Princess Anne yesterday 
(felled for a “balanced 
education” between mind and 
body m schools. Addressing 
the British Olympic 
Association’s annual general 
meeting as their president she 
said: “We can sometimes take 
for granted the involvement of 
schools in sport A balanced 
education has to be the watch^ 
word ' involving both, mind 
and body. We want the best 
facilities for use of the. body ” ' 
She added that children 
should have the opportunity 
to discover what . sport they 
were good sl 

Swap rejected 

Warrington Rugby League 
club’s offer to exchange lan 
Rathbone. their second row 
forward valued at £45,000. for 
the St Helens and Great 
Britain captain Hany Pinner, 
priced at £95,000, has been 

England falter as 
Soviets hold firm 

By Sydney Frisian 


Soviet Union. 

England suffered their first 
defeat in group A of the World 
Cup hockey tournament at 
WiUesden yesterday, losing 
some of their pride and 
prosperity to the Soviet Union 
whose solid defensive tactics, 
carried them through a bard 
match. The match was similar 
to the one seen at the same 
venue last year when the 
Soviets scored an early goal 
and hung on grimly to their 
advantage. They did the same 
thing this time, except that 
their decisive goal was ob- 
tained midway m the second 
half and, once that advantage 
was gained England found 
their defence most difficult, to 

breakdown. ' . - 

England now -have two 
tough matches to /face — 
against a revitalized 'Pridsteh 
Side, on Saturday, and- Tire 
Netherlands on Monday. 
Now, the road' to tire semi- 
finals looks much less dear. 

There waS an early scare for 
England with Taylor diving to 
save from Deputatov_ Later, 
he was called upon to save 
from Goncharov at a short 
comer but after that, England 
held possession for long spells 
and continued to dominate 
the first half The Soviet 
defence offered stubborn resis- 
tance, mainly through 
Beliakov, who seemed not to 
appreciate the scientific 
possibilities of the game, get- 
ting away with several in- 
tentional breaches of tire law 
for which, England thought, 
heavier penalties should have 
been imposed. 

Kerly and Batchelor, 
establishing a thorough under- 
standing of one another’s 
methods, harried and tor- 

mented the Soviet defence 
without much luck. But the 
most blatant foul by the Soviet- 
defenders .was committed in 
tire 20th minute when Keriy’s 
.stick was held down in the 
circle. England's hopes of 
being awarded a penalty 
stroke Were dashed wnen-the 
umpire signalled only a short 
comer. ■ !. 

.-Two minutes before half- 
tune, England woe unlucky 
when Keriy. putting his stick 
to a centre from the left by 
Clift, saw the baft sail inches 
over tire top. A short corner 
early m thfe second balf-also 
came to nothing, despite a 
great effort by Grinuey to 
work the ball deep into the 
chide. England then seemed to 
be in a huny when Potter 
collided with Kerly at the top 
of .the. efrefe and needed 
attention. . -■ 

- Sixteen minutes ef the sec- 
ond half had gone and the 
Soviet, goal was^ surprisingly 
still intact but, suddenly, 
Nechipurenko Ut.-1he _.baH 
across into the England circle 
to Goncharov, who turned on 
it and Awe a hard shot past 
the unsighted Taylor. 

- England Set themSelvft lift* 
mediately' to the task of 
reconstruction with two 
substitutions, Bhanra and 
Shaw coming on for Batchelor 
and Leman respectively. But, 
despite ail their possession, 
England were unable to 
launch a controlled counter- 

' Final! 

third substitution, 

Hughes for Gift, but 
not do the trick. 

ENGLAND: I Taylor D FauRner. Pfiartw. 

J Potter. R Dodds. M Grtmtay.S Batdwtor 
e K Shot). R Lsrnan {fit: J Shaw). S 
y.H COT (ib: N Hughes), I ShefwanL 
lET (MON: V Ptesftatov; V 
□aputatov. V BaOatov. S Ajrapattari. F 
Ztaanghlrov. A Goncharov. S PtestaKov, 
MNoOTpawiko. VAntatov, AMasnBtOv. 



Unniroa: M ObaifUtah (Mb) wH D Prior 
(Australia). ■ • 

Qasim returns in style 

Pakistan played their tramp 
card in the person of Qasim 
Zia, who converted three 
short corners in a row in the 
dosing minutes of their group 
A match against New Zealand, 
to emerge with a 5-3- -victory 
(Sydney - Friskin writes). 
Qasim bad been omitted from 
earlier games because of a 
hand injury. . ' • • 

New Zealand were inspired 
by Daji, who scored a b rillian t 
goal with a reverse hit'' a 
minute before haff-time/Nasir 
Aft, who had earlier maria two 
saves on the line at short 
corners, levelled from a short 
corner immediately. 

New Zealand regained the 
lead seven mmutes after the 
resumption when Wilson con- 


verted a penalty stroke, but 
Hassan Sandar scrambled in a 
goal from a short corner soon 
after. Daji again pul New 
Zealand ahead but .then their 
defence conceded those short 
corners. • 

Worid Cup 
Group A 

O ram Zb 3 . ftarir Da|l2. Wlson 
AS, Hassan Swtfar 


By MkhadSeely 

General Sir Cecfl Btackefr 
die deputy sotior steward ot 
the Jockey Gob, Is deteis : 
tolned to coatee to canvas* >* 
support for the totrodoctfenaf ^ 
Sanday racing to Britain 
spite strong, opposite ferf 
representatives of the esrato 
Ibbed dnothesand aftof roto 
Lord Brentford and the “fee** 
Stoday special committee*, ■“ 
“We are goto* to look vffi 
closely nit. Sir ; Woodrow 
Wyatt's suggestion that a few | 

be -staged wit* 
only:; There are a fi kinds . 

dffficiritks and fe lot of peopS 
wffl be up to anns at theJdtol 
bat we shall hue to enudder to 
very seriously indeed," Ge# 
era! Btafeer said- T 

Don't forgtt that wha^ 

l-' 1 


I* 's.- I 

they ran toe NemnariutTean v/ v - 
Plate on a Sunday, to 1985; 
several thousands toned, qi to 
watch iL Then that w» «t >7 
betting at all~ We would hate' * ' 
to plan ererythag^ajaUad - J 
attracting'-'^? ^itowitk' - 
funfairs, chiUtita^play* 
grounds and bands. 

Keeping betting ; 
away from actiwM 

Jit week 

The difficulty about credh 
betting is that,:** be Jfeti; % 
has to take place. away feesf 
the action, maybe tiara rows $ 
telephone boxes oafshfte . tW 
course:" ... 

ate*Seneral Blacker "to£ 
gma his report to toe coimnto 
tee about his meeting wife 
leaders of fee church on 
Monday, be said: “We wift 
have to examine all ponfefe 
avenues still open to fe for 
achieving’ Sunday- racing- 
withiit the exfottog lnws. It is a 
fact that credit* beltfog hr 
already permitted on Sundays. 

: “We are also considering' 
what other option might k 
open to ns, but at this s^ge T 
can only confirm that we bare 
not given- up hope. Wd wfll 

continue to lcls%y and to .fefiC- 

context I hope , that ray work? 
tog jmrtyjs. report, mfiw •«£. 
anati y being finalited, wai; 
receive -the widest possible' .Jj 
debate." 'xjvj 

Discussing the matter for-' 
flier, the chain a said last 
have dmsen the worsr|fe;ible 
raoraent to prtos our H a inff . 

Hie church aid weB awato that 

their lay supporters art now 

manniBg their defences to an 
attempt to preserve fee sanc- 
tity of the sabbath. The Sh? 

Ball itself acted as an;en^ 
warning system and now that 
they have triumphed prer thxt, 
we are sure to : find it erto. 
tougher going. " 

“But, speaking for mysei^L, 
am determined not to if! 

After all what a 
time ererybedy had ia 
watching Dancmg ftave aiaf 
Bering fighting out tb»./'-’ ’ /, 

tremendous finish for the Prfct j 



i n 


die TArc de Triompbe. EKff 

other sport is getting a way, 
with deliberately fl vting the 
existing laws, so I don't 
why we shouldn't cootinne to 
explore every avenae open 

- General' Blacker coudoded 
Iqr saying flat atfeoughtilfi 
idea of staring Sunday ractog 
wjth credit betting only weald 
have to be cxaauned desdy 
and all ■ the. . hgHatiah: 
considered, at tte end of fee mtoht be tberndywayfO 

show the anthorities feat fee 

industry means business. . '4 
■ — ■ . i ■ -W 


' I*- 

, *' . . . n 

- ■ 

-3 j* 

j >*r5?w 

<0) *SS, -ov »■ 

Group A Table 

. PWO L 

Ehgland 3 2 0 1 

Nemertands _i_ 2 2 0 0 
SwM Union __ 3 2 0 1 

Ararattna 2 1 0 1 

Paktelan 3 1 'O 2 

Now Zealand 3 0 0 3 

• Tahiti does do not MudHast nfghTs 
— Argentina wad 77w 


S 3' '4 

a i a 

2.1 4 

4 3-2 
7 8 2 

4 9 0 



Bishop: fimited options . 

Fi ves on trial 

Zurich (Reuter) — The first 
fivr-a-side football tour- 
nament under the direct 
supervision of FIFA will take 
place on an experimental basis 
in Budapest from November 
18-20- Eight teams are 
parti epatina. two from Hun- 
gary and the rest from Bel- 
gium. Spain, the United 
Stores. Italy. The Netherlands 
and Brazil 

Bishop blow 

David Bishop, banned fron> 
playing . Rugby Union or 
frinil next September, 

further limited should, be 
choose to take up football in 
Wales. The Pontypod and 
Wales scram half intends to 
keep fit until : -fae is able to 
resume playing rugby. -How- 
ever, Alun Evans, the sec- 
retary of the Wetsir FA. said 
that he would be discussing 
with his officials whether a 
player banned from rugby 
should be allowed to register 
with a football dub. 

Rams sacked 

• Derby BPGC Rams -have 
sacked two of their American 
players. Chuck Everson, the 
tallest man in English basket- 
ball at 7ft lin, and . dual- 
national Kenny Chance, are 
returning home after a night- ", 
mare start to the season in 
which Derby, have won only 
one game. 

Attracting freslr, i s 
blood tb the sport-* 

Having been to Phoenix 
Park and Paris recently, it b 
impossible net to xeaUze to 
what extent -British ndten 
losing out It offers Sncb % 
major opportunity both ft? 
cateringto the paUBc^leispie 
needs and also of geaemtfog ) 
fends for extra prize money. ;' 

It would ailso attract 
Mood -to the sport, as jdb - 

oitirely different type rf 
racegoer goes to Sunday W. 
evening racing. This opafef- - : 

was confirmed by. Jorak fe» ^ • 
Irwin, the dynamic head 
Phoenix Put, when -disease 
tog the nmtter at Goffis aafe? - 
in IrdandonTnesday. 

-General Blacker, antf ito 
committee deserve the widtot . r v> 

possible support as they. stpre rjr . 

to create a new. market fox. > 
radng and also in sake oar ^’... 
Sundays mpreenjoyable. 

new date /: 

Shrewsbury’s second dt* 
virion ga» at Huddersfieki 
next TPesdny has tea pd 
back' a week because of the 
midfield ; player, Bernard. 
McNally X late caltnp.for fl« 
Northern Ireland sqaao; 
against Enriand at WeraUey.. 

Gerry Pray is wanted by jft* 
RepiMic of Irefond : against 
Scotland ' in DtabEfeand be 1 
caqse Shrewsbury wonljihave 

been withdft both players fee 
Football League 
to resebedofe feeHnfeh 
fixture; forjGfetober 2JL