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Thatcher ends 
conference on 
note of victory 

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£9"» a crusade for popular 
capitalism and assailing the 

Labour Pany's commitment 
to unilateralism. 

.“ance, she said, 
was an absolute break with the 
defence policy of every gov- 
fT nmc nt since the war, the 
biggest gain for the Soviet 
Union m 40 years. 

It would expose Britain to 
ine threat of nuclear hia rfcmail 
leave no option but 
surrender. Not only those 
alive today but future genera- 
tions would be prat at risk. 

Mrs Thatcher said: “The 
Labour party of Attlee, of 
Uajislceli, of Wilson is dead 
and no one has more surely 
killed it than the present 

Both she and Mr Norman 
Tebbit, the party chai rman , 
gave notice of their election 
tactics by appealing to tra- 
ditional Labour voters. tUs- 
ma>ed by the switch to 
unilateralism, to join the 
Conservatives as the only 
home left for them. 

Sporting a red rose, which 
she announced was the “rose 
of England" belonging to peo- 
ple of all parties, Mrs Thatcher 
was given a ten-minute ova- 
tion by a rapturous audience 
after the party’s most success- 
ful conference in years. 

Her half-hour speech, 
shorter than most she has 
delivered as leader, con- 
centrated on three objectives: 
assailing Labour's defence 

• The Conservative Party said it would 
complain about biased BBC coverage of 
an important news event 

• Mr. Norman Tebbit attacked the 
leaking to the press of a letter from a 
former envoy to Saudi Arabia 

By KoMn Oakley, Pb&ical Editor 

by sanctions against South 

policy, defending the Tory 
record as a caring party and 
pledging a further drive to- 
wards the p ro pertyowning 

There was scarcely a word 
on foreign affairs and she 
alluded to the economy only 
in the most general terms. 

Ministers and MFs left 
Bournemouth convinced that 
it was their last party con- 
ference before an election after 

Africa, the shutdown of! 
American bases and the dos- 
ing of nuclear power stations. 

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Times Portfolio Gold 
£4,000 daily competition 
so today there is 
£8,000 to be won. There 
is also £,8000 to be 
won in the weekly 
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how to play, page 42. 

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Wonder sale 

Hanson Trust is raising £87 
million by sdling four busi- 
nesses. including the Golden 
Wonder crisp and snack com- 
panies in Britain and The 
Netherlands, to Dalgety 

Page 21 

Prophet of woe 

Dr Henry Kaufman, brad of 
research for Salomon Broth- 
ers vesterday offered little 
hope of the Chancellor avoid- 
ing a rise in interest rates to 
support sterling 

Page 21 

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Wise winner 

a shop foreman who won 
£ 300.000 on the pools took 
financial advice then revested 

a large part of the windfall — 

fust pan of today’s 12-page 

Family Money 

times sport 

Cup boycott 

Some Football League dubs 
may consider boycotting the 
FA Cud this year in response 
,o the Football Association s 
decision to allow Luton Town 
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TV & Radio 

A man from Poole was re- 
manded in custody for a week 
by Bournemouth magistrates 
after a security hoax at the 
Onservative conference early 
yesterday. Macdonald Kkr 
Andrew Iiddall, aged 29, did 
not apply for bail in the 10- 
nriimie hearing. He faces two 
charges of plaong packages to 
make people think they woe 
likely to explode. 

Conference reports 4 
Leading article 17 

Frank Johnson 20 

Mis Thatcher said that theirs 
was the conference of a party 
which “was the last govern- 
ment. is the present govern- 
ment and will be the next 


The Prime Minister, who 
will be 61 on Monday, and 
who would become in March 
1988 the longest-serving pre- 
mier tins century, told the 
conference exultantly: “Who 
says we're running out of 
steam? We’re in our prime.” 

She scorned Labour as a 
party tbat put people last and 
wanted- housing munici- 
palized, Industry nationalized, 
the police servSe politicized 
mid union membership tyr- 
annized. Their n j jn iwm 
wage policy would cost a 
quarter of a millio n jobs, 
thousands more would be lost 

by Mellor 

By Richard Evans 
Political Correspondent 

Tough measures to prevent 
new tend drugs up to 100 
times stronger than heroin 
from r eaching the streets of 
Britain were announced yes- 
terday by Mr David Meflor, 
Minister of State at the Home 

The “designer dnigs”, 
which are made from a cock- 
tail of chemicals have swept, 
the west coast of America. - 
The side effects include 
brain damage and the symp- 
toms of Parkinson's disease. 

Mr Mellor, who has master- 
minded the Government cam- ■ 
paiga against drugs, told the 
Conservative Party con- 
ference in Bournemouth he 
would introduce new powers 
in the next session of Par- 
liament to outlaw the drags, 
and trafficking in them will 
carry a maximum penally of 
life imprisonment. 

He also gave a strong hint 
that the Government is set to 
increase the number of cus- 
tom officers engaged in anti- 
drug work at Britain's ports 
and airports. 

Mr Mellor disclosed that 
drag liason officers, who al- 
ready operate in South Amer- 
ica and Pakistan providing 
crucial intelligence to customs 
and police in Britain, are being 
posted soon to two “key 
western European locations . 

• At the end of the con- 
ference season. Ladbrokes re- 
vised the odds for which party 
will obtain most seats at the 
next General Election to 8-13 
Tories, 6-5 Labour. 33-1 
Alliance. ■ 

Successes ’distorted*, page 3 

rolled back the frontiers of the 
State and wonkl roll them 
back further. They would 
widen choice and ownership. 

The great Tory reform of 
this century was to enable 
more and more people to own 
property. “Popular capitalism 
is nothing less than a crusade 
to enfranchise the many in the 
economic life of the nation. 
We Conservatives are return- 
ing power to the people. That 
is the way to one nation, one 
people,” she said. 

Emphasizing their record as 
a party which cared, Mrs 
Thatcher said “ft’s because 
we care deeply about the 
health service that we have 
launched the biggest hospital 
building programme in this 
country's history”. Their 
commitment to the NHS was 
second to none: 

On education Mrs Thatcher 
promised: “1 am confident 
that we can really improve the 
quality of education, improve 
ft not just in the. 20 new 
schools but in every school in 
the land." 

The interests of Britain, she 
concluded, “can now only be 
served by a third Conservative 
victory”, quickening the al- 
ready-developing election at- 

Earlier, Mr Tebbit had said 
that Labour had “fled the 
centre ground, nishing back to 
stale, outdated socialism and 
gnashing the 40-year consen- 
sus. on .defepce^V while the 
Alliance Had falten apart. 

The Alliance was In the 
middle not from conviction 
bat from confusion and in- 
dedsian. “Suddenly there is 
Continued on page 20, oft 6 

.. . 

Mrs Thatcher acknowledg- 
ing tiue b ran di ng ovation at 
the end ofher speech. 

Complaint on 
BBC coverage 

The Tories stepped up then- 
campaign against alleged BBC 
bias yesterday when they 
disclosed they were lodging a 
formal complaint ova- the 
corporation's television 
coverage of a major news 
event, believed to be the 
aftermath of the American 
bombing raid on Libya 

The move, announced at 
■the Tory conference by Mr 
Norman Tebbit, will provide 
the first big test- for Mr 
Marmaduke Hussey, who be- 
board of 

Mr Tebbit said that each 
pejorative phrase and intru- 
sion of political comment in 
the guise of factual news had 
been noted. 

Jonniafist dismissed, page 2 

aduke Hussey, who be- 

chainnan of the BBC 
governors next 

pace with arrival speech 

Style and smiks: Mr and Mrs Gorbachov arriving at Keflavik airport; Reykjavik, yesterday. 

A new face for Russia 

The first surprise was that 
the ‘ Russians should have 
called such a press conference 
at all: to discuss the domestic 
problems and policies of 
Gorbachov’s Russia. 

Domestic? Surely, the Rus- 
sians would not want to air all 
thatto the world's press— and 
more specifically to the 
freshly-arrived and aggressive 
White House press ooros — oo 
the eve of the big meeting. But 
that was exactly the intention. 

Michael Biayon, who reported 
for The Times from Moscow 
for four years and is now 
working as Washington 
Correspondent, finds a culture 
shock in tire Russians* new 
pnbHc relations offensive be- 
fore tire Reykjavik mint- 

As one of the four experts 
brought over from Moscow to 
explain ft ail said: “AH foreign 

policy is a reflection of the 
domestic situation. It is the 
same with us. h is important 
to understanding the reforms 
in the Soviet Union and the 
process of democratization.” 

Democratization? Thai was 
another shock. Here was a 
Soviet official himself suggest- 
ing that Soviet society was not 
already fully democratic, in- 
deed the world's first society 

Continued on page 20, col I 

TSB shares drop 


By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent ' 
Trustee Savings Bank" "Stock Exchange of the hysteria 

shares opened on the stock 
market yesterday at 100p, a 
massive 100 per cent pre- 
mium above the partly-paid 
offer price of 50p» but fell 
rapidly during the day to dose 
at around 85p. 

Many of the 3.15 billion 
investors are believed to have 
missed out on the initial 
premium because they did not 
receive their allocation letters, 
which were sent out op Thurs- 
day, tty the first post yesterday 

Investors cannot sell shares 
without the letter which they 
must first show to their 

Meanwhile, -the budding 
societies reported the largest 

net outflow of deposits in their 
history during September, 
mainly caused by about £1.5 
billioQ withdrawn by inves- 
tors applying for TSB shares. 

$ir John Read, TSB chair- 
man, said he was “astonished” 
by the opening price of the 
shares bin added he was 
delighted that the process of 

floating the bank, which' began 
three years ago, was finally 

Trading in TSB shares was 
restrained, as institutional 
investors showed tittle interest 
while the price remained so 
high. - 

There" was no sign in the 

accompanying the start of 
British Telecom share dealing 
when the trading floor was 
crammed with, stockbrokers 
filling clients' orders. 

Around 70 million TSB 
• shares were traded out of the 
total of 13 billion shares 

Trading in TSB option con- 
tracts, however, was hectic. 
During the day 40,000 deals 
were transacted, almost dou- 
ble the previous record set by 
BT options on their first day 
of dealing. 

Meanwhile, the Building 
Societies Association reported 
that a massive £6.8 billion had 
been withdrawn from societies 
during September. 

After accounting for depos- 
its they were left with a net 
outflow of £671 million, the 
largest monthly deficit on 
record. A net outflow has only 
happened twice before, both 
in 1974 during the three day 

Mr Mark Boleax, secretary- 
general of the JBSA, said the 
figures had been grossly dis- 
torted by the TSB issue. 

But societies were predict- 
ing that October could bring 
record inflows as disappointed 
share applicants, and those 
who sold their shares early, 
put their money back on 
deposit page 21 

Two girls 

By Michael McCarthy 

Two schoolgirls whose dis- 
appearance on Thursday led 
to a widescale police hunt, 
were found murdered last 
night near their homes in 
Brighton, East Sussex. 

The bodies of Nicola Fel- 
lows, aged 10, and her friend 
Karen Hadway, aged 9, were 
discovered in a woodland 
park on the Moulsecoomb 
estate. They were last seen 
when they set out to buy chips 
from a local shop. 

They were found in dense 
undergrowth by a teenage 
neighbour who bad joined the 
search by more than 150 police 
officers who used dogs and a 
helicopter in the hunt. 

The two girls, whose fam- 
flies live near each other in the 
estate's Newick Road, were 
close friends. 

Their bodies were found 
fully-clothed and lying to- 
gether in woods 100 yards 
from the main path skirting 
Wild Park, which is across the 
main A27 Brighton - Lewes 
road from the Moulsecoomb 
estate. The cause of their 
deaths was not known. 

After the girls foiled to 
return from the fish and chip 
shop on Thursday evening, 
concern for their safety was 
intensified by reports that a 
man in a dirty blue car had 
been seen outside the shop. 

Photographs, page 3 

Howe plays down effect on Saudis 

By Nicholas Beeston 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign Secretary, denial yes- 
terday that the publication of 
an embarrassing confidential 
dispatch about Saudi Arabia 
would harm relations with the 
Saudis or threaten a royal visit 
to the kingdom next month. 

“It is a dispatch written in 
personal terms by the former 
ambassador,” be told BBC 
television, referring to. Sir 
James Craig, the author of the 
message. “Jt does not repre- 
sent a .statement of view or 
opiition by or on behalf of the 
British Government-” 

Sir Geoffrey's remarks 
distancing the Government 
from the opinions in the 
dispatch come in the wake of 
fears that the controversy 
could have jeopardized a visit 
to Saudi Arabia by the Prince 
and the Princess of Wales and 
a multi-million pound Tor- 
nado jet fighter deal - 
Sir Geoffrey went on to 
suggest that the publication of 
such a document made diplo- 
macy difficult. It should never 
have been prinied.- 
His comments came after 
publication of the text in the 
Glasgow Herald on Thursday. 

Excerpts also appeared in The 
Scotsman and The Mirror. 
The New Statesman magazine 
was banned from printing it. 

The Saudi Embassy in 
London said h had had no 
instructions from its Foreign 
Ministry regarding the mailer 
and Ihe British ambassador 
there had not been officially 
approached over the incident. 

A Foreign Office spokes- 
man said the Cabinet Office 
had started an investigation 
into how the confidential 
document fell into un- 
authorized hands. 

Kasparov alleges chess title cheating 

Leningrad (AP) — The 
wo rid chess champion. Gary 
Kasparov, yesterday said two' 
of his aides had left his camp 
during the second half of ms 
title match against Anatoly 
Karpov in Leningrad and mu- 
mated that one might have 
riven defence secrets to Kar- 

Kasparov said Gennady 
Timoshchenko and Yevgeny 
Vladimirov had left his dose 
circle of advisers and. been 
replaced by two friends from 
his hometown of Baku, inter- 
national master Elmar Mager- 

ianov and grandmaster 
Mikhail Gnrovich. 

“Timoshchenko wanted to 
leave the camp already at the 
start of this half of the game,’' 
Kasparov said. “There was a 
clash after game 19 and 
Vladimirov left. Aftergame 19 
it was dear that Vladimirov 
-had copied all of my moves. 
He wanted me to believe that 
he did it on his own. It was up 
to me whether to trust him or 
distrust him.” Kasparov said. 

- There have been wide- 
spread rumors among the ex- 
perts watching the Leningrad 
clash that Vladimirov sold 

“I decided to play simply 
and reliably after the 19th 
game. My aim was to draw 20 
and 21 and win the 22nd, 
which I achieved." 

Karpov said he could not 
understand why he frequently 
had time trouble in the match. 
He said he had no guarantee of 
success against Andrei Soko- 
lov, a Russian, aged 23. when 
he meets him next February in 
Linares, Spain, to decide who 
will challenge Kasparov for 
the world title next 
September. ' 

Background, page 2 

-> V- , 

top-secret defences to Karpov. 

The challenger took game 
19, the thud in a ran of three 
victories that enabled him to 
pull level with Kasparov at 9 Vi 
points each before games - 20 
and 21 - were drawn and 
Kasparov won game 22 to 
retain bis title. 

“Before the match my idea 
was simple — 1 to . score 12 or 
12'^ points. In the practical 
sense, the beauty and quality 
did not matter so much,” 
Kasparov said. .“But when ihe 
games got beautiful,. I forgot 
about my major aim and lost 
gamps 17. 18 and 19. 


Hostages held 
in raid on 
Spanish bank 

Madrid Police in Barce- 
lona were last night negotiat- 
ing with two gunmen holding 
more than 12 people hostage 
in a bank hold-up which 
started at lunchtime (Richard 
Witt writes). 

The attackers entered a 
branch of the Banco de Saba- 
dell unnoticed, turning on the 
staff and customers. Shots 
were beard from inside the 
branch after a deadline passed 
without their demands being 
meL It is not known whether 
anyone was killed or injured. 




From Christopher Walker 

Hopes for a successful out- 
come to ibis weekend's un- 
expected super-power summit 
rose vesierday when Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov delivered 
an upbcai arrival speech 
warmly praising ihe respon- 
sible a'ttinide to the meeting 
which be said had been 
adopted by President Reagan. 

Seizing the opportunity pro- 
vided by the presence of an 
Iceland Television micro- 
phone at the airport. Mr 
Gorbachov deftly upstaged 
the US leader, who had made 
no arrival address. 

The Kremlin leader used 
the opportunity to stress that 
the dominant topic at the 
three weekend meetings 
should be nuclear disarm- 

Accompanied by his wife. 
Raisa. Mr Gorbachov said 
that remarks made by Mr 
Reagan earlier in the week 
provided “not a little foun- 
dation” on which to start a 
meeting at which he hoped 
both leaders would share of 
responsibility for the future of 
the world. 

“We are prepared to look 
for solutions to the burning 
problems which concern peo- 
ples all over the world, and 
among them, with first prior- 

Reagan demand S 

Woman in the news S 
Leadi ng article 17 

ity. to take the derisions which 
would remove the threat of 
nuclear war and which would 
allow us to tackle thoroughly 
the problem of disarmament,” 
Mr Gorbachov said. 

The brief speech reinforced 
recent claims fry senior of- 
ficials from both sides that a 
likely outcome of the meetiog 
would be a removal of remain- 
ing differences on a treaty 
limiting medium -range nuc- 
lear missiles in Europe. 

Experts predict sum atreaty 
will be signed at the next “full 
summit” in Washington, 
whose date will be on this 
weekend's agenda. 

The arrival of the Soviet 
delegation was preceded by 
confirmation form a senior 
Soviet official that the dis- 
sident poetess Irina Ratush- 
inskaya had been 
unconditionally released from 
her Soviet labour camp. 

Since her sentence in March 
1983 of seven years on strict 
regime in the camp plus a 
further five internal exile for 
“anti-Soviet agitation and 
propaganda”, she has become 
one of the best known pris- 
oners of conscience in the 

• MOSCOW: Irina Ra- 
tushinskaya said she was sur- 
prised and glad to be free (A 
Correspondent writes). 

The Times 
next week 

Monday: A major 
series starts on the 
Big Bang, the 
revolution that 
will transform the 
City of London 
later this month, 
it affects all of 
us, not just the 
financial experts 
in the square mile. 
The Times looks 
at the issues 

• Plus: Bernard 
Levin on the pursuit 
of pointless 
Tuesday: Suzy 
Menkes reports 

on what's new in 
the London fashion 
collections and 
which designers 
are showing the way 
ahead this autumn 

• Plus: A profile 
of Sean Kelly, 

the world’s leading 
cycle racer 
Wednesday: Amid 
over the coma baby 
case and heart 
transplants for 
infants, a new 
dilemma faces 
doctors: how far 
should they go to 
keep babies alive? 

• Plus: An interview 
with actor Denholm 
Elliott, below, 

on the television 
version of Scoop, 
Evelyn Waugh’s 
hilanous satire 
on journalism, 
written 50 years 
ago but still the 
definitive work 
;in its field 

• Plus: The chance 
to win £4,000 every 
day in our Portfolio 
Gold competition 

The Times 

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Tei. No. 





Seamen vote to 
continue strike 

Owen is first choice 

Nearly half of those holding top jobs In Britain believe 
that Dr David Owen would make a better Prime Minister 
than Mrs Thatcher, who had the sapport of only a third, 
according to a Harris poll In The Spectator (Martin 
Fletcher writes). 

Dr Owen, backed by just over half those polled compared 
with only 10 per cent for Mrs Thatcher, also emerges as the 
most attractive personality of the four party leaders. Mrs- 
Tha tciier is considered humourless and dktairid, and 
although it was felt she had done a good job as Prime Min- 
ister, she was now regarded by 40 per cent of respondents 
as a liability. 

The poU was of 155 senior people in industry, business, 
finance, politics, the law and other professions, of whom 48 
per cent were Conservative voters. ■ 

£7 12.3m 
for BR 

Irish link 

The Government's sub- 
sidy to British Rail for 
passoger services has 
been set at £7123 million 
for the 1986-87 financial 
year, 25 per cent lower than 
in 1983 in real terms. 

Mr John Moore, Sec- 
retary of State for Trans- 
port, said yesterday that 
the grant was well within 
the target which the rail- 
ways were set by the Gov- 
ernment and reflected a 
considerable achievement 
by the British Railways 

Grants for passenger 
services in the preceding 
three years woe: £853 
million (1983); £822 mil- 
lion (198485) and £820 
million in 1985-86. Con- 
verted to constant 1986-87 
prices the value of the grant 
in 1983 is pot at £992 

The liberals and the 
Alliance Party of Northern 
Ireland have agreed in 
principle to fight the next 
general election on the 
same platform, it was dis- 
closed last night 

Speaking at the Cam- 
bridge Union, the Liberal 
Chief Whip, Mr David 
Alton, said the parties 
would negotiate the plat- 
form details and added: 
“This will mean that the 
Liberal Party and its allies 
will be the only force m 
British politics contesting 
all the Westminster seats 
in Great Britain and. 
Northern Ireland". 

Mr Alton, who said he 
folly supported the Ando- 
11 risb agreement, also 
hinted at a three-way link 
with the new Progressive 
Democrat Party in the 
Irish Repablic. 

Family transplant 

A girl aged two underwent a bone-marrow operation at a 
hospital in Leeds yesterday as the first step towards saving 
her elder brother who suffers from a rare form of anaemia. 

The two-hour operation was performed on Betty 
Lawrence, of Edinbnrgh Street, Hull, Humberside, at St 
James's Hospital in the morning. Last night, her brother, 
Kevin, aged eight, received the bone marrow in a transplant 
operation. He will be kept under observation for a month to 
ensure tint the marrow is compatible. 

in appeal 

The Princess of Wales 
was guest of honour at the 
launch yesterday of a £13 
million appeal to build 
three centres for research 
into disorders affecting 
pregnant women and their 

The Princess opened the 
appeal at the Harris Birth- 
right Research Centre, at 
the John Raddiffe Hos- 
pital, Oxford, where pio- 
neering maternity research 
is carried out 

The appeal wifi raise 
funds for similar lab- 
oratories in other regions. 
The Princess was shown 
around the centre by its 
director. Dr Chris Redman. 

‘Strict’ head backed 

Eighty mothers, many poshing perambulators, yesterday 
marched in support of a headmaster who is waiting the re- 
sult of a disciplinary inquiry for bring “old fashioned". 

The loner London Education Authority suspended Mr 
Brian Dugan as headmaster of St Jude's Church of 
England primary school, at Elelphant and Castle, south 
London, after inspectors claimed teaching methods were 
“too strict and traditional". 

The mothers handed in a petition, with 400 signatures, to 
the ILEA demanding Mr Dugan be reinstated uncondi- 
tionally but were tohl that they must await the result of a di- 
ocesan board of inquiry into his education methods.The 
school's governors have reinstated Mr Dugan. 


Teachers take hard line on pay talks 

By Mark Dowd 
Education Reporter 

the- teaching pool to 26 per 

tiate improved 
particular the 

terms, in 

Seamen at Dover and Folkestone derided yest erday to 
continue indefinitely the stoppage that has crippled 
Seatink ferry services at 13 ports (Tim Jones writes). 

The situation could worsen next week when the resirit of 
a ballot on industrial action by 2,000 members <rf foe Na- 
tional Union of RaOwaymen, who cany out dockside work 
at foe ports, is known. 

The rflihn en could disrupt Isle of Wight services, where 
they handle foe six forties now operating normally, and 
refuse to handle lorries using Seafink ports, affecting the 
operations of French, Belgian, Dutch and B&I ferries. 

Mr Sam McCIuskie, assistant general secretory of foe 
National Union of Seamen, txrid a mass meeting of onion 
members at Dover and Folkestone that if Seafink members 
lost their fi ght over «M«ninfl levels, Townsend Thoressn 
employees would be nest. 

At Portsmouth, a picket of crew members who are 
occupying foe Seafink ferry, Earl Harold, failed to stop 
freight reaching the Corbkxe, the only vessel still operating 
to tfea Channel Islands. 

Union members at Folkestone have rejected a Seafink 
offer to increase pay by about £10 a week with a lump sura 
of £500 if they accept new working practices. The dispute is 
foe result of foe loss of 492 jobs. 

Teachers and local 
authority employers looked to 
be on collision course last 
night after the news that 
unions seek to change some of 
the terms of the draft. pay 
agreement reached at Cov- 
entry in July. 

When teachers meet 
employers next week they will 
seek the following amend- 
ments to the summer deal: 

• Extra allowances for prin-; Association of Head Teachers 
cipai teachers to- be ^substan- and the Secondary Heads 

• The number of the new 
principal teacher posts to be 

dally above" the two-tier 
figures of £750 and £2,000 
presently on offer; 

• The number of principal 
teachers per school to be 
decided not by local authori- 
ties, but by agreed criteria on a 
national basis; 

• Increased payments for 
transferring to the new Main 
Professional Grade. 

Two factors account for the 
change in mood. 

Most of the six unions have 

Association whose members 
believe the . pay differentials 

short-term increases in pay, 
even though the pay ceiling is 
inferior to Coventry: £12,900 
to £14^00. 

The leader of the Labour- 
controlled group of local 

d ffpt, presently quoted at £2.9 
billion over five years. 
However, one move open to 

reflect unfair reward for keep- authorities, Mr John 
mg many schools open during Pearman, was not available 



Furthermore, last week's 
Main report on the pay and 
conditions of the ■ Scottish 

.“This is very worrying indeed. 
I do not see how the authori- 
ties can begin to consider 
these proposals — they are 

increased from 15 per cent of been under pressure to renego- 

teaching profession, which - extraordinary.* 1 
recommended a' 16.4 per cent First reaction to the new lad 
increase over lg months, has from the teachers will be that 
filled some teacberswith envy their new demands wfli add 
because of Main's superior even more to the bill for any 

the employers could be to 
concede ground on the num- 
ber of principal teachers in 
exchange for a lowering of the 
pay maximum to a figure 
more in line with foe Mam 
recommendations for Scot- 

An added factor is the hand 
of foe Secretary of State for 
Education, Mr Kenneth 
Baker, who can either play a 
waiting game or put his money 
on the table once sure of his 
winnings in foe public expen- 
diture review. 

baas visit 
by union 

Stalker faces 
to pay his 
£21,000 bill 

The Greater Manchester 
Police Authority's finance and 
policy committee has decided 
not to pay the £21.000 legal 
costs incurred by Mr John 
Stalker in the successful fight 
to dear his name. 

The committee voted 
overwhelmingly against pay- 
ing the costs after a debate, 
barred to the press and public, 
on Thursday. 

Mr Stalker, the authority’s 
deputy chief constable, was 
suspended from duty for three 
months this year and investi- 
gated by a team of detectives 
headed by Mr Colin Sampson, 
CbiefConstable of West York- 

By Ian Smith 

Manchester Central to the defr ay will be 
finance and the fact that had the police 
has decided authority accepted Mr 
11.000 legal Sampson's recommendation 
f Mr John and referred the Stalker case to 
cessfiil fight an independent review, they 
would have been liable for his 
;ee voted costs under Rule 22 of the I 
gainst pay- Police (Disciplinary) (Senior 
r a debate. Officers) Regulations, 1985, 
and public, irrespective of whether be was : 

found guilty or innocent ■ 
authority’s If they refuse now to meet | 
stable, was his costs after deciding there is | 
ity for three no case to answer, foe : 
md investi- authority will effectively be 
f detectives fining him £21,000 for being 
n Sampson, proved innocent Mr Stalker 
West York- has declined to comment until 
the foil police authority has 

It is understood members of met 
the Labour-controlled Another phase of foe affair 

committee argued that in any 
comparable industrial dis- 
pute, legal costs would be met 
by foe accused's trade union. 
In this case the bill should be 
met by the Association of 
Chief Police Officers, whose 
president is Mr James 
Anderton, Mr Stalker's im- 
mediate superior. 

There is no precedent for 
such a move by the associ- 
ation. Mr Harold Ross, the 
general secretary, said yes- 
terday : “John Stalker has 
made no formal or informal 
approach to the association 
for financial assistance. 
Should he do so the matter 
will go before the next meeting 
of foe council for con- 

The finance and policy 
committee recommendation 
will be discussed at a foil 
meeting of the police 
authority next Friday. 

will take place in foe High 
Court chancery division next 
Wednesday when Greater 
Manchester Police answer 
summonses issued by Mr 
Kevin Taylor, the business- 
man whose alleged association 
with criminals first led to foe 
suspension of Mr Stalker. 

Mr Tajlor wilJ apply for 
access to police files built up 
during the two-year investiga- 
tion into his affairs. Affidavits 

by Mr Anderton and senior 
Officers opposing foe applica- 

officers opposing foe applica- 
tion will be read in open court 

Mr Taylor has complained 
that police refused to say why 
he is being investigated. The 
affidavits will disclose that the 
inquiry concerns alleged of- 
fences involving the Co-op- 
erative Bank. 

Final papas detailing the 
police case will be sent to the 
Crown Prosecutions Office 
within foe next month. 

Timelimit Verdict on 
for trials Times ban 
is delayed is reserved 

By Our Legal Affairs By Trudi McIntosh 

Correspondent Lord Justice Watkins and 

The Lord Chancellor's. Mr Justice Kennedy reserved 
department denied yesterday judgement yesterday in a High 
that there was any wrangle Court hearing which chal- 
between its officials and those lenges foe tanning of News 

of foe Home Office over how 
to implement statutory time 
limits on bringing cases to 

It said foe Government 
"attached great importance to 
foe new system of time limits" 
which “has major implica- 
tions for the criminal justice 

But the two departments 
wanted to “get the time Emits 
system right". To implement 
it prematurely would be sim- 
ply irresponsible, the depart- 
ment said. 

The proposed system of 
statutory time limits, under 
which lawyers must bring 
cases to trial within a set 
period, or have the defendant 
released on bail was to be 
brought in over four areas this 
autumn. It will not now come 
in until next spring, in the four 
pilot areas, and In the summer 

The Lord Chancellor's 
department admitted it lad 
taken longer than “originally 
hoped" to collect data from 
foe field trials, but there was 
no dispute between them over 
what foe set period of time ; 
should be for bringing a case , 






and many attar from the mom important weaving centre* of the East, mdudad art many antiques, 
sdts, keSme. nomad cs and other unusual items not general* to bo found on the home marital. 
The merchandae is die pro perty o f a numbe r of principal dram imponera in the UX. 
which has been cleared from 


bond, to be dlposed of at nominal or no reserve for rnmedsSie cash raafeaatton. 

Every item guaranteed authentic. Expert advice svaiaue ax time of inemng. 

To be t rauf e wd from bonded naenbn naee and offered at toe 




(Adjacent to Chesterfield Hotel) 

On Sunday 12th Oct. at 3pm 


lenges me Dannmg ot News 
International publications 
from public libraries by three 
Labour-controlled London 

The challenge to bans im- 
posed by the Camden, Ealing, 
and Hammersmith and Ful- 
ham councils is likely to form 
a test case for the 18 ocher 
local authorities in England 
and Wales which bar News 
International publications 
from their library shelves. 

News International, 
publishers of The Times. The 
Sunday Times. The Sun and 
Nevis Of the World, Times 
Newspapers Limited and ag- 
grieved ratepayers from each 
of the three boroughs applied 
for a judicial review of the 
bans to the Queen's Bench 
Division of foe High Court. 

Mr Anthony Lester, QC for 
Times Newspapers, has 
submitted that the case raises 
issues of general importance 
about foe power of local 
authorities to ban newspapers 
from public libraries for politi- 
cal reasons. 

He told the High Court that 
foe bans were imposed after 
5,500 employees of News 
International went on strike 
on January 24, and were 
dismissed. -> 

The published had decided 
to print their newspapers al a 
new plant at Wapping, east 

Mr Lester said that was foe 
first time a court bad been 
asked to consider a council’s 
duties under the Public Li- 
braries and Museums Act, 
1964, which compels them to 
provide "comprehensive and 
efficient” library services. 

He said foe grievance was 
that the councils bad exercised 
their power and duties for the 
improper and political pur- 
poses of expressing support 
for former employees of news- 
paper companies. 

The three councils deny that 

v -B* 

• * 

,A : 

v :: s &&£ 

Mrs San 
sent, Mr 

age being welcomed at foe London Hospital, Whitechapel, yesterday by her oppo- 
- Trevor Beedham, a consultant. Between them is Professor Sam Cohen, c h a i r m a n 
of foe hospital’s general medical council (Photograph: Peter Trievnor). 

Savage returns 

The South African govern, 
raent yesterday banned ^Brit- 
ish delegation headed by two 
trade union leaders from 
entering foe country. 

Miss Brenda Dean, genera] 
secretary of Sogat *82, and Mr 
Harry Conroy, general set>-« 
: rexary of the National Union. . 

1 of Journalists, were due to : 
: leave with seven colleagues 
| tomorrow. 

Announcing the ban, tW 
South African embassy said; - 
“The Department of foe In- 
terior has indicated it docs not 
want to see its way to granting- 1 
entry authorization at foe"-, 
prcseni time. 

“We took, note of foe 
tude of British track; unionism, 
in granting observer status to 
African National Congress 
representatives at foe TUCftL 
Brighton while refusing Jo*. 
allow embassy representatives 
to attend. 

“We also took note of ifc 
much publicized anti-Repub, .. 
lie of South Africa campaign 
of British trade unionism, 
which is based on flagrant 
misrepresentation of coife- 
ditions in South Africa:” 

Miss Dean said: “This h the 
first lime that a delegation 
from Sogat has been banned 
from entering any country/ ; 

“This ban by the South . 
African authorities remove? - 
foe thin veil of democrat 
they try to draw over. four 

Mr Conroy said: “It is cfedr 
that foe South African govern- 
ment are not content just lo 
stifle journalists and center - 
the truth in their own 

Mr Norman Willis, TUC 
general secretary, also, tfc-. 
plored the South African 
government's decision. “We 
have asked foe British Gdv^; 
eminent to intervene to bring 
home to the Soufo Africa^ 
authorities that this spiteful' 
denial of an opportuni ty for , 
normal trade union contacts 
will rebound on them.” far 

>bf r J 

> ,c ' 

j it 

-* .‘i » 

Public welcome at hospital 

BBC woman 
is dismis sed 
after salute 

A journalist working for the 

By Jill Sherman 

Mrs Wendy Savage was 
pubfldy welcomed back ro 
work yesterday at the London 
Hospital by one of the consul- 
tants who had opposed her 

. In a conciliatory gesture, Mr 
Trevor Beedham, chairman of 
the obstetrics division, shook 
Mrs Savage's hand on the 
hospital steps and accepted 
the women's charter which 
had been drawn up by her 
patients and supporters. 

A smiling Mrs Savage said 
she was delighted to be back 
and appreciated Mr 
Beedham’s gesture. “I didn’t 
know what sort of welcome I'd 
get but Trevor Beedham was 
here and put out a hand of 
friendship. As far as I'm 
concerned we’re all 

Earlier this week Mr 
Beedham sent a letter to Mr 

John Alway, general manager 
of Tower Hamlets Health 
Authority, saying' that ■ the 
division refugoljU) cooperate 
with arrangements for Mrs 
Savage's return. - 

authority, the consultants 
adopted, at least pubiicatiy, a 
less antagonistic stance. 

“We had made our own 
recommendations, but having 
heard foe verdict of the health 

■ After the publication of foe authority we are going to do 
Munro panel's report our best to make foe system 

(wnmmanrfina hor imnuuliat* li. 

recommending her immediate work” Mr Beedham said. 

reinstatement, Mr John 
Hangi!!, the senior consultant 
said that some of the recotn- 

Professor Gedis 

Grudzinskas, who had op- 
posed Mrs Savage's return. 

mendations were unaccept- said: “We are going tony and 


At the same time Mr Robert 
Allay, secretary of the Royal 
College of Obstetricians and 

make foe recommendations 
work." Yesterday afternoon 
members of the medical col- 
lege , including the professor. 

Gynaecologists, said: : “There met to discuss how it could 
is going to be a lot of adopt the arrangements out- 

bloodshed to come and ill 
feeling which we can only 
hope will be overcome in 

lined in the Munro panel 

Mrs Savage was cleared of 
five cases of professional in- 

But yesterday, after an eariy competence last July follow- 
meeting with Mr Francis ing an inquiry which led to a 

Cumber! edge, chairman of the seventeen month suspension. 

Ajournaust wonang rorme 
BBC in Soufo Africa has been 
dismissed for singing the Af- 
rican national anthem and 
denebrag her fist during- » 
meeting 'to mourn the 177 
miners JSlled at the Kinross 
gold nffl tie disaster in the 
Transvaal (Michael Evans 
writes). ■ ' 

Mrs Sarah Crowe, aged 27? 
who lives in Johannesburg 
had been employed as arf 
editorial assistant for six 

Her dismissal has caused an 
uproar among South African 
journalists who have accused 
foe BBC of failing to under- 
stand the conditions undq 
which they have to work. ’> 

Yesterday the BBC TV 
foreign editor, Mr Jufad 
Mahoney, said: “We require 
those who work for us to; be 
impartial in their judgement, 
and certain things came tb 
light which proved to me . flat 
she wasn’t impartial" 

jfety jpiidj 
siding sod 

short of 

World Chess Qiampionship 

Contest worthy of greatest 

From Raymond Keene, Leningrad 

By a Staff Reporter 

Health authorities all over 
ihe country face an acute 
shortage of junior doctors, 
causing ward closures, can- 
celled clinics and reduced 
operating sessions. 

A survey published today 

The contest between Gary 
Kasparov and Anatoly Karpov 
has been one of the greatest 
sequences of - nraltunatch 
games in the history of chess 
in its post-medieval form. 

The 96 games played in 
three matches over two years 
have edipsed such classics as 

a rare accolade: “The wooden 
pieces spring to life in young 
Nigel's hands.” 

For foe first time since 
Soviet grandmasters began 
their domination of foe 
championship in 1948, an all- 
Soviet match was played in 
part in a western capital 

ncoiui nuuiuiiucs, suuws mat c*piriir»_r 

almost half the country’s 192 

health rliefrirtc ■“» 1,1081 recently. 

health districts have problems 

recruiting junior doctors, and 
many find it difficult to meet 
the high cost of using locum 

The problem has worsened 
over the last two years with 
the restrictions limiting over- 
seas doctors to four years in 
Britain. In foe past, many 
districts relied on those doc- 
tors to fill senior house officer 

Eighty-seven districts said 
they had senior house officer 
shortages and 77 found it 
difficult to recruit for full-time 
posts and locum cover. The 
districts that suffer are those 
without teaching hospitals 
where there are no favourable 
career prospects. The problem 
is worse in certain specialties 
such as orthopaedics, 
anaesthetics, accident and 
emergency, ear, nose and 
throat, ophthalmology, ob- 
stetrics, psychiatry and gen- 
eral surgery. 

Mr Philip Hunt, NAHA 
director, is seeking an urgent 
meeting with the Department 
of Health and Social Security. 

The British Medical Associ- 
ation said yesterday that train- 
ing programmes in non- 

JEnwe and, most recently, 

With Karpov aged 35 and 
Kasparov only 23, there is 
every likelihood that their 
battles may oontinne for sev- 
eral years. The threat to foe 
older man will come from 
Andrei Sokolov, the b rilliant 
Muscovite, jnst two weeks 
older than the champion, and 
Nigel Short, of Bolton in 

The latter, at 21, is the 
West’s only credible chal- 
lenger in foe foreseeable fa- 
tnre. Mikhail Botviutik, the 
grand old man of Soviet chess, 
wbo was champion with two 
short breaks from 1948 to 
1963 1 recently accorded Short 

The impact on chess of a 

high-profile mmifh in a watig 

centre such as London, has 
been immense. Sponsors and 
television companies have 
started to take an unprece- 
dented interest. The world- 
wide coverage dwarfed even 
that of Fischer-Spassky in 
1972, usually regarded as the 
pinnacle of global chess 

At the Park Lane Hotel in 
London, a backdrop credited 

every main sponsor for foe 
British leg of the wa^-h. 

In foe Leningrad venue, in 
an unprecedented move for a 

chess championship, the 
Soviet organizers set op plac- 
ards advertising a bank"*** 
group in Finland and foe 1 

Seattle games - both were 

A new commercial aware- 
ness is rife. Kasparov pfam to 
market instructional vMfco 
cassettes, set op worfcMHe 
franchises of foe Botviutifc 
training school which handled 
his early chess education, and 
branch a world tonr to promote 
chess. In foe process the 

Soviet Union will be indirectly 
but tangibly marketed and 

In Kasparov and Karpov foe 
Soviet Union has two of its 
most prominent cultural and 
sporting ambassadors. 

. After 96 gnmes, their, result 
ova- three matches was 
staggeringly dose. Kasparov 
is dearly stronger in terms of 
ideas and brilliance, bntat 

London and Leningrad Karpov 
played intelligently to his dwn 
strengths. Only his 
inexplicable time-out for game 
20 after three consecutive 
victories may -have anni- 
hilated, finally, his chance of 

‘ at hnm par 

foe bans were an abuse of teaching districts must be 
power under the terms of foe improved to attract Junior 

AUCTIOMEBtS NOTE; Owing, to the urgency of raafising imnw&ai* cash, these 
teems era being offered under nsouenons to ensue cofflpwtft oaposal. 


Act, and maintain they were 
entitjed to take into account 
the industrial relations con- 
duct of the management 


Docker killed 

Mr James Matthews, a 

Legal proceedings started docker aged 56, of Rainham, 
gainst other councils are in Essex, was killed when his 
sevanoe. awaitine the nut- forklift truck overturned at 




"Utcd v 


exclusive offer 

In The Times 
on Monday 

A case of 

Red, White, or mixed 
from as little as 

*32.75 per case ; 


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Bamber near tears 
as mother’s ‘darling 
J em’ letter is read 

■- Ira,}' 


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®“n yesteiifey^ d 10 a 

aged r 2^^ 0 r ' ( fp? nnerJs ^ 
ina her JJ r denjes niurder- 
KVo r f a S pother mem- 
at Ibeir 


whichhari°L« Va,Uab,e items 

h?r ***" removed from 

for ^f/&- arid J? ken h0 ”“ 
Cock «if eping hy Mr Basil 
rfMi/}*® 1 *? of the estates 

Ne^in£ Un L Ba ? ber “ d Mr 
w hoih aged 61. 

inmiiSFV chanere d accoun- 
“S Lt |e family for 1 7 years, 
J2J S e n ? sford Crown Court 
mat when he examined it later 
he found it had already been 

nnnr a £ ed T N ? 1 10 ** opened 
unijl my death” the envelope 

was addressed to her husband 
and her sister, Mrs Pamela 

r^i l i nour ’ and suggested 
^“".mementoes be left to 
godchUdren and others. 

The message inside was 
addressed to her “darling” 
husband, daughter Sheila and 
Jem. the family nickname for 
Jeremy, who other witnesses 
nave alleged hated his adop- 
tive mother. 

The message read: “My 
darlings. Should anything 
happen to me and 1 left you T 
write rs to tell you of my 
love for you and thank you for 
all you have given me. All I 
ask is that God will love and 
proicct you through the years 
ahead and that some day we 
may meet again. My love 
always, my darlings. Mums.” 

Mr Cock said that when he 
later handed the letter to Mr 
Bamber, who denies shooting - 

By Michael Horsnell 

dead his adoptive parents, half 
sister, Mrs Sheila CaffeS, and 
her twin sons aged six with a 
semi-automatic J 2 rifle, he 
expressed the view that it had 
been written a considerable 
time ago. 

But Mr Bamber told him he 
thought that because of one of 
the names on the envelope it 
was recent, and when he 
showed emotion Mr Code left 
him to his private grief 

Earlier, during the seventh 
day of the trial, Mr James 
Richards, an Army officer 
who had once been a student 
friend of Mr Bamboos girl 
friend. Miss Julie Mugford. 
told foe court of occasions 
when the defendant had ex- 
pressed hatred for his parents. 

6 He said be haled 
his parents...!! did 
sound like hate 9 

Mr Richards said: “I 
remember one occasion, in 
about foe summer of 1985, 
when Bamber said ‘1 hate my 
parents*. I said ‘Oh come offit, 
Jeremy, we all say that at some 
point of time* and be replied ‘1 

“He said it with a great deal 
of vehemence and quite sin- 
cerely. He expressed that view 
two or-three times.” 

Under cross-examination 
Mr Richards added: “It really 
did sound like bate.” 

Mr Cock told the jury that 
he provisionally put Mrs June 
Bamber’s estate at £229,980 
and Mr NevOl Bomber’s at 

Assets included property, 
one farm, a shared interest in 
another, and two caravan 
sites. Mrs Caffell, aged 27, a 
London model known as 
“Bambi” who originally was 
suspected by police of having 
committed the murders before 
shooting herself had died 

Mr Cock added that neither 

of foe deceased parents bad 
indicated any intention to 
change foe wills which, foe 
prosecution has alleged, 
meant that Mr Bamber, in foe 
event of bis half sister's death, 
stood to inherit £436,000. 

Mr Cock said that be had 
found £2,000 m aria at Whim 
House Farm, ToDeshimt 
D’Arcy, Essex. 

He said that after the 
killings Mr Bamber derided 
that the insurance cover of 
£1 7,000 for the contents of foe 
eighteenth century farm house 
was too low and had increased 
it to £150,000. Sotheby's had 
been brought in to evaluate it. 

Del Sgi Neil Davidson, a 
scene of crimes officer, agreed 
with the trial Judge, Mr Justice 
Drake, that from foe moment 
he arrived at foe score eady 
on August 7, 1985, the view of 
senior officers there was that 
Mrs Caffell had carried out the 
murders before committing 

That, be agreed, had col- 
oured his examination of 
White House Farm. He said 
that a hacksaw Made, which 
foe prosecution alleges was 
used to open a downstairs 
bathroom window for Mr 
Bamber to gain entry, was 
discovered two months after 
the massacre immediately 
outside foe room, and that on 
the window there were signs of 
forced entry. 

Mr John Hayward, a sci- 
entist specializing in the dis- 
tribution of bloodstains, 
showed foe jury Mrs CafTdTs 
bloodied turquoise night dress 
which he said indicated that 
she was initially shot in a 
reclining and not horizontal 

Dr Peter Vanezis, who car- 
ried out foe post-mortem 
examinations, told foe jury 
that Mrs Caffell suffered two 
point blank gunshot wounds 
to the neck. 

The trial continues on 

Safety guide for 
building societies 

. Guidelines designee! to pre- 
vent building societies from 
taking risks with investors’ 
deposits are to be issued soon 
by the newly-formed miiidiug 
Societies Commission.' g,.' 

In its first Prudential 7/ote, 
the commission will specify 
the amount of reserve capital 
societies will need to protect 
customers’ savings from the 
dangers the industry will face 
when regulations are relaxed 
on January 1. 

The guidelines wfll arrive at 
a lime when societies fed 
themselves under growing 
pressure to tighten their lend- 
ing procedures because of foe 
recent increase in mortgage 
arrears and repossessions. 

The commission, which 
came into being on September 
25, is anxious to ensure that 
building societies do not jeop- 
ard ize the security of 
investors' deposits when they 
arc allowed to diversify into 
new financial services. 

The commission’s chair- 
man. Mr Michael Bridgeman, 
said that while most societies 
have sufficient capital re- 
serves for present market con- 
di (ions, “many may nor foUy 
appreciate foe greater nsks 
thev will face as a result of 
increased competition”. _ 

“Many building societies 
have increased their readiness 
io raise income multiples and 
provide 100 per cent mort- 
Us without matching it with 
5 stricter appraisal of foe 
ability of the borrower to pay. 

-Declared arrears by soci- 
eties are now on an upward 
trend, and foe foil extent of 
Ufis change has been masked 
bv the willingness of many 
societies to rephase payments 
Si a mortgage if a borrower 
nins into difficulties- 

“There must now be a real 

possibility that this trend in 
arrears will accelerate to the 
extent that measurable losses 
do arise on m origage booksT 
be said. 

' He pointed out that such a 
situation’ could occur if there 
was a sudden rise m interest 
rates resulting in a significant 
increase in borrowers unable 
to maintain their payments. 

Building societies would 
then be forced to repossess, 
and any attempt to put a large 
number of properties on the 
market could depress prices 
regionally, and even 

Under foe new regulations, 
only societies with assets of 
more than £100 million will be 

able to provide home buyers 
with the complete range of 
owner-occupied professional 
services such as estate agency, 
conveyancing and insurance 
policies. They will also be 
permitted to oflera wide range 
of financial services such as 
unsecured lending, 

But iruury smaller societies 
feel that existing requirements 
are already adequate, and 
have criticized foe new pro- 
posals for being “over- 
cautious”. They nave also 
given a warning that the new 
proposals w01 lead to a wave 
of mergers and greater 
concentration in foe industry, 
as only foe larger societies will 
have sufficient reserves to use 
foe new powers. 

Heathrow park plan 

plans for a £100 million 
development on Green Belt 
land near Heathrow airport 
which would include a new 
■’00-acre public park, were 
“ unfilled io Hounslow coiin- escaped planning controls or 
cil vesiciday. were established before Green 

The 250-acre site at 

Bedfont about half a mile 
from the' airport is largely 
derelict land with disused 
gravel workings and a number 
of so-called “non-conforming 
industries" which have either 

were established 
Belt designation. 

New town 
by private 

By Christopher Wannan 

Property Correspondent ^ 

A £500 nriUkn project for a 
new town of 24)000 people 
north of Swindon, Wiltshire, 
which wffl be one of die largest 
private enterprise town expan- 
sion schemes in Europe, was 
announced yesterday by a 
group representing five build- 
ing and development firms. 

The Haydon Development 
Group, with Thamesdown 
Borough Council, the local 
authority for die Swindon 
area, owns most of the 1300 
acres of largely agricultural 
land on which the development 
would be built, and a planning 
application for the area was 
submitted yesterday . 

A public inquiry wOI be held 
to examine foe scheme, but 

planning permission should be 

{panted by late next' year or 
early 1988, with the 10-year 
programme of construction 

Plans for new towns of fois 
size inevitably attract oppo- 
sition, bat die group believes 
that its scheme is “not unduly 
contentions”. The land is not 
in Che Green Belt, and is not 
high grade agricultural land. 
The developers believe the 
main arguments are likely to 
concern foe scale and timing of 
the construction. The main 
features of the proposals are 
9,000 homes on 682 acres of 
land, mth 174 aores of land for 
new industrial and commercial 
development; a new district 
centre to meet shopping and 
community needs, a leisure 
centre, and 355 acres of open 
space. It is believed that 3,000 
jobs win be created for die 
period of construction, and 
that the development wffl lead 
to 4,000 permanent jobs. 

Mr Paul Caftcutt, a director 

of Crest, one of the group, said 
the development provided for 
the long-term needs of Swin- 
don, which has just seen job 
losses in the railway industry, 
and underwrote foe town’s 
future growth. The Haydon 
•Development Group includes 
Bradley/ECC Construction, 
Costai ns. Crest, 

McLeans/Tarmac . and 

Karen Hadaway, aged nine, and Nicola Fell owes, aged ten, whose folly-clothed bodies were found in a wooded part of Wild 
Park, Brighton, a fow yards from their home yesterday. They had been mkeing since Thursday night, when they were last 
' seen outside a sweet shop. 

Successes in drug 
battle ‘distorted’ 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correpondent 

A change in tactics by police 
has given a false impression 
from statistics ofthe success of 
some forces against drug deal- 
ers, according to Release, 
which provides a drugs and 
legal advice and information 

A survey of solicitors by 
Release suggests some forces 
have responded to the call to 
crack down on drug traffickers 
by charging drug-takers with 
trafficking where formerly the 
charge would have been pos- 

In the October issue of 
Druglink, journal of foe in- 
stitute for foe Study of Drug 
Dependence. Jane Goodsir, 
director of Release, says traf- 
ficking prosecutions are being 
based on the “theoretical 
possibility that a small quan- 
tity of drugs can be divided 
again and sold in minute 

. If the statistics are to be 
believed, she says, the police 
are having big successes in 
catching traffickers. But police 
continue to influence de- 
cisions concerning the 
prosecution of cases, despite 
foe introduction of foe Police 
and Criminal Evidence Act. 
where decisions on prosecut- 
ing were to be made by an 
independent authority. 

In most cases, police remain 
responsible for drawing up 
charges at the conclusion of q 
criminal investigation. Police 
influence on charges at dif- 
ferent levels of seriousness 
may mean the statistics for 
“major" trafficking convic- 
tions are inflated. 

“In our experience, 
questionable decisions are 
made about the prosecution of 
certain offences, particularly 
possession with intent to sup- 
ply, a trafficking offence sub- 
ject to the same maximum 
penalties as actual supply. 
Shored up by verbal ad- 
missions in police stations and 
police statements on drug use, 
these cases are often bitterly 

Police perceptions of 
“suppliable” quantities have 
changed recently, the article 
says. “In our research, we 
found some cities where 
defendants who might have 
been charged with simple 
possession of, say, one gram of 
heroin five years ago would, 
these days, be charged with a 
supplying offence. 

“This despite the fact that 
purity levels of heroin are 
decreasing and the smoking of 
heroin (which needs more 
heroin than injecting for the 
same effect) is more common, 
so users may now possess less 
pure substances in larger 

Under English law, foe 
courts have a duty to examine 
foe individual circumstances 
of foe offender. 

“On the basis of informa- 
tion received from defending 
solicitors, il seems the 
defendant's circumstances are 
often disregarded' by courts 
dealing with drags cases, in a 
manner that would not be 
acceptable in offences such as 
theft, or even offences involv- 
ing violence.” 

- — i 

in cocaine 
users’ den’ 

Lord Blandford was found 
in a cocaine users' den when 
police raided it. a court heard 

Three-quarters of an hour 
after the arrest of Lord 
Blandford. aged 30. Mr Law- 
rence Zephyr, a company 
director, arrived at the den 
with £2.300 of foe drug bidden 
under the brim of his hat. it 
was alleged at Knightsbridge 
Crown Court. 

Mr Zephyr, aged 53, of 
.Ashmore Road. Maids Vale, 
north-west London, pleads 
not guilty to four charges of 
possessing and supplying co- 
caine. He also denies four 
firearms charges. 

Detectives found Lord 
Blandford when they raided 
the basement flat below A & S 
Menswear Shop in Edgware 
Road, north-west London, on 
December 13. 1985. He was 
on his own. Mr Anthony 
Glass. QC, for the prosecu- 
tion. said. 

He told foe jury: “It would 
not be an exaggeration to say 
the basement was a cocaine- 
users’ den.” 

Mr Glass said Mr Zephyr 
was arrested and detectives 
raided a flat where he was 
slaying in Golders Green 
Road in north-west London. 

He alleged that there they 
found hidden £21.000 of co- 
caine powder, drug-taking 
equipment, and two guns. 
They also founds handbag 
containing foe logbook and 
registration documents of 
Lord Blandford's car. 

The case continues on 

BA share 
takes off 

Bjy Harvey Elliott 
Air Correspondent 
British Airways has 
launched a multi mill ion 
pound advertising campaign 
to boost its image before 
offering hs shares to the public 
early next year. 

The campaign, which began 
last night with a prime time 
slot on television in foe south 
of England, centres around 
scenes from London, Sydney 
and a fairytale castle in Ba- 
varia. It is one of the most 
expensive ever mounted by a 
nationalized industry. But 
British Airways is refusing to 
put a precise cost on it. 

AU British Airways staffi 
including foe normally vol- 
uble public relations depart- 
ment, has been ordered to 
keep silent about any aspect of 
the airline’s business between 
now and privatization. 

Notices have appeared in 
foe staff magazine telling all 
staff “Warning: Talking can 
damage our wealth". 

The notice goes on to 
say^Nobody in British Air- 
ways regardless of job or 
position, may say anything in 
public which could affect a 
potential investor’s decision 
to buy or not to buy our 

But foe warning does not 
extend to the advertisements 
which are clearly designed to 
give foe best possible picture 
of what they call “Britain’s 

ie television campaig 
will be extended sationwic 

ited supply of Aids drug for trial 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

Supplies ®f “* e , xperi Sj 

... K * 7 T are only suefioent 

’ * a «1>vnnot 
Europe. ,he WeI, ' #8, j; 

> *Dcm»»d tas followed tests 
in *rUoited SCUM, •*<* 
‘"JSi that the 
Showed, but not cored, m 
*11- less advanced cases, by 

laboratory s«le * 
WeHcome’s sabsidiaiy. 


of the infection. 

States, « *”2^ 

were gwen ACT-Tnw 
progress was compared with 
135 other individuals at a 
similar stage of ill ne ss. 

So fer^nly one person has 
died among the treated group 
and 16 among the others. On 
average, those receiving AZT 
treatment are in better general 
condition. _ . . 

The first British research 
trials at St Maly’s and 
Middlesex Hospitals, in 
Tondon, involve 12 patients. 

. . . * - - 4 h 1, 

ob Safety of Medicines pro- 
vides for unproven com- 

The company said the 
production process in the 
United States was being 
“scaled up*. It would take a 
few months and also depended 
on the supplies of one of the 
raw materials. 

• A new vaccine that could 
prevent the spread of Aids is to 
be .tested oa n group of 40 
human votmteers at the In- 
stidite forbnmmolo&eal De- 

generating antibodies to the 
virus bdkved to beat the root 
of Aids. AU vulmteerafor the 

trials must show no si gn of 
exposure to the virus but be 
mentals of higfc -rigfc^roa ps 

or htMDQscxaab.^lSe treat- 
ment will not help anyone who 
already has Aids but if effec- 
tive it corid help slow or 
movent the global spread of 
the disease which fas been 
predicted for the tarn of the 

P? rfHwgtoa, Teams, foe The protect carries consid- 
Oriy fi* hi worid's first hospital devoted erable risks for foe partki- 

to A** 8 «***«* (Keith pants and wffl have to be 

partioabirapMu^ie^ Hindley write*). monitored for some years be- 

pne w°S^^SrLaeption The treatment has proved rea&stx results are 

gSS! whfcbiSet (^Stee effective in laboratory tests by Ukriy to emerge. 

i i 

Brakes on death crash 
lorry are now banned 

The braking system on a 32- 
ton articulated Jony that 
knocked down and killed 
force little girts is now banned, 
il was disclosed yesterday. 

Lieanne Berry, aged seven, 
Sadie Wilkins, aged nine, and 
Marie Stone, aged 10. all from 
Maidstone in Kent, died when 
foe lorry driven by Mr Eric 
Nicholl hit a group of mothers 
and children as they left All 
Saints primary school in 
Hayle Road. Maidstone, on 
May 20. 

Today their parents sobbed 
as the inquest jury of four men 
and four women at Maidstone 
delivered verdicts of acciden- 
tal death. 

Mr Nicholl, aged 32, of 
Staplestreet Road, Bougbton. 
near Faversham, Kent, ex- 
pressed his deep personal 

A Department of Transport 
vehicle examiner, Mr Maurice 
Eton, said that articulated 
lorries fitted with similar 
braking systems would now 
fail foe MoT roadworthiness 

But he said there was no 
record of any previous ac- 
cident arising from the same 

A police driving instructor. 
Del Con Barry Hill, said foe 
exhaust braking system on foe 
juggernaut was “far more 
efficient and excessive than I 
would have expected”. 

In his statement. Mr 
Nicholl said: “From foe tech- 
nical evidence that has been 
given, 1 now know that foe 
exhaust brake system on my 
lorry, which I had always 
regarded as an added safety 
feature, could in certain 
circumstances cause trailer 
swing, but in foe months I had 
been driving foe vehicle, I had 
never had it happen before.” 

Mr Nicholl, who worked for 
A Wood and Co, of Detiing. 
had been a lorry driver since 
1970. He told foe hearing 
yesterday that at the time of 
ihe accident he “fell a couple 
of bumps from ihe rear” but 
“at no time did 1 feel that foe 
vehicle had gone out of 

riots four 
are jailed 

Four Birmingham men 
were jailed yesterday for plan- 
ning to manufacture and use 
petrol bombs during last 
year’s Handsworth riots. 

During the four-week triaL, a 
jury al Birmingham Crown 
Court was told foal police and 
firemen were attacked with 
petrol bombs. 

It was alleged that a drink- 
ing dub, Tramps, was used as 
a bomb-making factory. 

Whitfield Francis, aged 27. of 
Aston, was jailed for five years 
for foe bomb charges, for at- 
tempted arson and tor attempt- 
ing to harm a police officer. 

Two other men, Benito 
Forbes, aged 28, of Aston, who 
was also found guilty of at- 
tempted arson, and Marie 
Walker, aged 25. of Lee Bank, 
were each given four-year 

The fourth man, John Undo, 
a^d 18, of Aston, was sent to 
youth custody for three years. 

The owner of Tramps, Don- 
ald Patterson, aged 35. of 
Handsworth. was jailed for five 
months for assisting the accused 
after he removed evidence of the 
bombs from foe dub. 

William Barrett, aged 32, of 
Highsate, and Calvin Walters. 
25, 0? Handsworth, and ’Patter- 
son were d cared of possessing 
petrol bombs. 


23 robberies 

A former policeman was 
jailed for nine years at Man- 
chester Crown Court yes- 
terday for his part in an 
“epidemic” of robberies. 

In nine months, Mark 
Cohoon and another man 
committed 23 robberies, net- 
ting £21,000. The raids ended 
when a jilted girl friend of foe 
second man recognized him in 
a picture taken by a secret 
camera during a robbery 

Tyner was arrested and 
Cohoon, who spent 10 years in 
the Greater Manchester force, 
gave himself up. 

Coboon, aged 30. of Taylor 
Street, and James Tyner, aged 
32, of Crossbank House, both 
Oldham, Lancashire, admit- 
ted foe offences. Tyner was 
also jailed for nine years. 

Mr Jonathon Geake, for foe 
prosecution, said that foe men 
began the robberies after los- 
ing their jobs with a motorway 
construction firm. 

Between August 1985 and 
last May they were involved in 
23 raids in Greater Manches- 
ter. North Wales. Yorkshire 
and the North-west Their 
taints were offices, mainly 
staffed by women. Victims 
bad been threatened with an 
imitation shotgun and bound 
with adhesive tape. 

train in 
near miss 

By Rodney Cowton 

Transport Correspondent 

A runaway, dritertess train 
casne within 15ft of crashing 
head-on into another train at 
Liverpool Street station, 
London. The crash was only 
averted by a signalman at the 
station who ran across Che line 
front his signal-box and ap- 
plied the brake on the train. 

British Rail was yesterday 
still trying to discover how the 
train could have ran away, 
travelling 200ft beyond the 
end of Us platform and cross- 
ing some points, with nobody 
at (he controls. 

One railwayman said the 
incident was unique in his 

it happened when the driver 
and the gnard of the train 
which was to form the lOpra to 
Southend on Thursday were 
away having a break. 

British Rail Eastern Region 
said at about 9.45 Mr Manrice 
Holmes, a signalman, realized 
that the train was making an 
unauthorized movement when 
it showed up on the panel in 
Ids signal box. 

Mr Holmes ran across the 
line, climbed on to the train, 
and stopped it when it was 
only about 15ft short of an 
incoming train which was 
stationary on the same stretch 
of line. British Rail said that 
because the runaway train was 
moving slowly any impact 
would have been limited. 

An eyewitness said some 
passengers realized that some- 
thing was wrong and about 20 
jumped off as the runaway 
train moved down the 

British Rail will be bokling 
an interna] inquiry next Fri- 
day. One question to which 
they wffl be seeking an answer 
was how the train came to ran 
away. If the train's power was 
switched on it would have 
required pressure from a 
driver on the so-called dead- 
man's handle to start it in 

Among the possibilities that 
the inquiry is likely to examine 
are whether any of the brake- 
lines had fractured, or there 
had been a loss of brake fluid. 

he could 
save lives’ 

Nezar Hinckmi. the alleged 
Arab terrorist, said he could 
save the lives of future bomb- 
ing targets to help himself 
after he was arrested, the 
Central Criminal Court was 
told yesterday. 

Mr Hindawi. aged 32. a 
Jordanian journalist who de- 
nies using his girt friend as a 
human timebomb in an at- 
tempt to blow up an El Al jet 
with 375 people on aboard, 
also described in derail how he 
was recruited by Syria, il was 

Dei Sgt William Price, of 
Scotland Yard’s anti-terrorist 
squad, said he was told in an 
interview with Mr Hindawi 
that “he had information 
which would save the lives of 
people in the UR and abroad, 
and 3skvd if that would help 

According to the officer. Mr 
Hindawi ottered to trade “fu- 
ture plans concerning terrorist 
attacks in the UK and abroad. 

“He said he had informa- 
tion that just outside London 
there was a secret place with 
TNT, detonators and timers. 
There was also a similar 
location in Brighton. 

“He further stated that an 
Arab student in Sheffield, 
studying chemicals, knew the 
locations and addresses of 
these secret places.” 

Sgt Pnrc addl'd that Mr 
Hindawi told him a Syrian 
Arab airline crew was respon- 
sible for bringing in explo- 
sives. drugs and guns. 

“He said they were based at 
the Royal Garden Hotel in 
London on stop-over visits, 
and that the crew comprised 
Ssrian security officers.” 

Sgt Price said foal m earlier 
interviews Mr Hindawi told 
him he was recruited in S> ria 
by an international syndicate 
to smuggle drugs and had no 
idea that a bag carried by his 
Irish girl friend. Miss Ann 
Murphy, aged 32. as she went 
to board an El Al jet at 
Heathrow contained 

But later Mr Hindawi said 
he wanted to tell foe truth, the 
detective said. 

Mr Hindawi allegedly told 
the officer that when he first 
came to London he became 
disillusioned with King 
Husain's regime in Jordan and 
joined foe Jordanian Revolu- 
tionary Movement for Na- 
tional Salvation. . . . 

According to Sgt Price. Mr 
Hindawi described how he 
went to Damascus to recruit 
other Jordanians for fois new 
political group. 

. “He said he was stopped at 
Damascus by security men at 
foe airport. He said he was 
questioned about his visit to 
Syria and his motives, and 
was then taken to sec foe head 
of aJl military intelligence. 

“He said he was taken to a 
lavish room with electric 
doors. Inside there was a large 
box of cigars on the table. The 
man behind il greeted him.” 

Sgt Price alleged Mr 
Hindawi said he was in- 
troduced to two men, Mr Said 
and Mr A'Kour. 

“He was taken to another 
place by Said w’ho said he 
could be of help. They then 
discussed demands he would 
be making on them.” 

The trial was adjourned 
until Monday. 



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Leader’s speech • Currie comments • Tebbit onslaught 

Sweet and 
by Currie 

By Nicholas Wood 
Political Reporter 

Mrs Edwina Currie, the 
newly appointed junior health 
minister with a taste for firing 
dangerously, was at the centre 
of a new rumpus with her patty 
last night after blithely mark- 
ing the conference cards 


some of her Cabinet betters in 
a television interview. 

Mr Douglas Hard, the 
Home Secretary, came bottom 
of the class for his perfor- 
mance in the law debate. 

Mrs Currie, ignoring the 
convention that ministers do 
not criticize each other 
public, said that he had failed 
to absorb die lesson that 
presentation is a$ important as 

“Douglas had some very 
good potides-Jt did need 
potting across in a slightly 
spicier, and perhaps more 
aggressive, way", she said. 

But she was happy to speak 
well of her master at the 
Department of Health and 
Social Security, saying that 
Mr Norman Fowler had nn 
the “speech of the con- 

Mr George Younger, the 
Secretary of Stale for Defence, 
was judged “very effective 
but there was a sweet and sow 
verdict on Mr Kenneth Baker, 
Secretary of State for Educa- 
tion and Science. 

He had picked up the mood 
of the conference “very well" 
but he was not just yet a 
serious contender for the 
leadership of the party. 

Mrs Currie explained: 
“He's only just entered Cabi- 
net and the years of experience 
showed more in someone like 
Norman Fowler". 

The quick-fire minister’s 
verdicts raised the eyebrows 
ather than the ire of her 
colleagues, though one Tory 
MP, Mr Richard Holt 
(Laugbaurgh) caught np in the 
shock wave of last week's 
outburst over the fattening 
tendency among northerners, 
again demanded her 

Mrs Carrie was appearing 
on a BBC conference com- 
mentary programme with Sir 
Marcus Fox, a vice-chairman 
of the Conservative 
backbenchers' 1922 Com- 

He ribbed her about her 
advice to northerners last 
week to give up crisps and 

“She’s got a big husband, 
bat if she'd been to the 
Yorkshire reception last night, 
he wo Didn't have been able to 
protect her." 

He added: “I adore Edwina 
because she's good valne-Jmt 
we northerners are sensitive 
people. We don't like being 

Thatcher crusade for popular capitalism 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher, 
the Prime Minister, in her 
speech to the Conservative 
Party conference in Bourne- 
mouth yesterday, said it had 
been a responsible conference, 
the conference of a party that 
was the last Government, was 
the present Government and 
would be the next Gov- 

They had heard from 
ministers' forward-looking 

policies that were shaping the 

iture of the country. 

“We are a party which 
knows what it stands for and 
what it seeks to achieve. We 
are a party which honours the 
past that we may build for die 
future," she said. 

Last week Labour bad made 
the bogus claim that it was 
putting the people first 
Yet Labour bad voted to 
remove the right to a secret 
ballot before a strike; voted to 
remove the right of trade 
union members to take their 

# Without choice, 
talk of morality is an 
idle and empty 
thing 9 

union to court; voted for the 
State to renationalize British 
Telecom and British Gas, 
regardless of the millions of 
people who had been able to 
own shares for the first time in 
their lives. 

She said: “What the Labour 
Party of today wants is: hous- 
ing municipalized; industry 
nationalized; the police ser- 
vice politicized; the judiciary 
radicalized; union member- 
'ship tyrannized; and, above all 
and most serious of all, our 
defence neutralized- Never. 
Not in Britain." 

Turning to the Alliance, she 
said where they were not 
divided they were vague and 
where they were not vague 
they were divided. 

They appeared to be en- 
gaged in a confused squabble 
about whether or not Polaris 
should be abandoned or re- 
placed or renewed or re- 
examined and if so when, and 
how, and possibly why. 

If they could not agree on 
the defence of the country, 
they could not agree on any- 
thing. “Where Labour has its 
Militant Tendency, they have 
their muddled tendency", she 

The charge sometimes 
made against the Conser- 
vative Party was that it was 
only, concerned with money 
and efficiency. 

She was the first to acknowl- 
edge that morality was not and 
never had been the monopoly 
of any one party. Nor did they 
claim that it was. But they did 
claim that it was the founda- 
tion of their policies. 

They were opposed to infla- 
tion not only because it put 
prices up. but also because it 
destroyed the value of savings, 
destroyed jobs and with it 
people’s hopes. 

.“Enlarging choice is rooted 
in our Conservative tradition. 
Without choice, talk of moralj 
jiy is an idle and empty thing," 
she said. 

The Government had achi- 
eved much in seven years, but 
there was still a great deal to 
do. t 

The whole industrial world 
was seeing change at a speed 
that their forebears never 
contemplated. Traditional 
jobs were being taken over by 
computers. People were cho- 
osing to spend their money in 
new ways. 

It would be foolish to 
pretend that that transition 
coukl be accomplished with- 
out problems. But it would be 
equally foolish to pretend that 
Britain could ignore what was 
happening in the world. 

Yet that was exactly what 
Labour proposed to do. They 
wanted to put the clock hack 
and set the country back. 

They wanted to go back to 
state direction and control, to 
over-manning, old in- 
efficiency and to making life 
difficult for the wealth cre- 
ators. the scientists, the en- 
gineers, the designers, the 
managers, the inventors — all 
those on whom the country 
relied to create the industries 
and jobs for the future. What 
supreme folly. It defied all. 
common sense. 

Thousands would lose their 
jobs from the closure of 
American bases. Santions 
against South Africa would 
cost thousands of jobs in 
Britain, apart from the dev- 
astating consequences for 
black South Africans. 

Out would go jobs in 
nuclear power stations and, on 
top of all that, jobs would 
suffer as would-be investors 
set up elsewhere. 

“Labour say they would 
create jobs. But those policies 
would destroy jobs," she said. 

Training was not a pal- 
liative for unemployment It 
would play an ever larger part 
in industrial life, for only 
modem, efficient industry and 
commerce would produce the 
jobs people needed. 

Their opponents would 
have them believe that all 
problems could be solved by 
state intervention, but govern- 
ments should not run busi- 
ness. The weakness of the case 
for state ownership had be- 
come all too apparent 
For state planners did not 
have to suffer the con- 
sequences of their mistakes. It 
was the taxpayers who had to 
pick up the bill (applause). 

The policies the Govern- 
ment had pioneered were 
catching oh' in country after 
country. Conservatives “be-, 
lieve in popular capitalism, in' 
a property-owning democ- 
racy. And it works." 

She had been present re- 
cently in Scotland at the sale 
of the millionth council house. 
“Now let’s go for the second 
million " 

Millions had become 

shareholders already and there 
would soon be opportunities 
for millions more in British 
Gas, British Airways, British 
Airports and Rolls-Royce. 

“Who says we have run out 
of steam? We are in our prime 
(cheers and applause). 

. “Popular capitalism is noth- 
ing less than a crusade to 
enfranchise the many in the 
economic life of the nation. 
We Conservatives are return- 
ing power to the people: That 
is the way to one nation, one 
people" (applause). 

There were many people 
who could not bear good 
news. It was sort of infection 
of the spirit, and there was a 
lot of it about (laughter). 

In the eyes of those hand- 
wringing merchants of gloom 
and despondency, everything 
that Britain did was wrong. 

Their favourite word was 
crisis. It was a Crisis when the 
price of oil went up and when 
it came down; if they did not 
build new roads, and when 
they did. It was a crisis if 
Nissan did not come to Brit- 
ain, and when it did. 

“It's being so cheerful as 
keeps 'em going (laughter). 

“What a rotten time these 
people must have, running 
round running everything 
down, especially when there is 
so much to be proud of" 

The Prime Minister then 
listed some of the achieve- 
ments: inflation at its lowest 
for 20 years; basic tax rate 
lowest for 40 years; number of 
strikes the lowest for 30 years; 
great advances in science and 
industry; new enterprises and 
jobs created; the outstanding 
performance of the arts, music 
and entertainment worlds; the 
triumphs of sportsmen and 

All did Britain proud. “And 
we are mighty proud of them." 

The Conservatives’ oppo- 
nents, having lost the poltical 
argument, tried another tack; 
tried to convey the impression 
that Conservatives did not 

Those who made the charge 
were those Who supported and 
maintained Mr Arthur Scar- 
gill’s strike for a whole year, 
hoping to deprive industry. 

dependent nuclear deterrent 
by membership of the Nato 
alliance — an alliance based 
on nuclear deterrence — and 
by accepting and bearing in 
full the obligations which 
membership brought All this 
had been common ground. 

But last week the Labour 
party had abandoned that 

In a decision of the utmost 
gravity, Labour voted to give 
up Britain's independent nu- 
clear deterrent unilaterally. 

Labour would also require 
the United States to remove 
its nuclear weapons from Brit- 
ain and to close its nuclear 
bases, although those were 
vital not only for Britain's 
defence but also for the de- 
fence of the entire Atlantic 

“A Labour Britain would be 
a neutralist Britain. It would 
be the greatest gain for the 

6 Who says we have 
ran out of steam? We 
are In onr prime 9 

Mr Tebbit 

t addressing the Conservative representati 
yesterday (Photograph: Tim Bishop). 


9 Conservatives 
believe In popular 
capitalism. And it 
works 9 


homes and pensioners 
power, heat and light 
They were the ones who 
supported the National 
Health Sendee strike. 

“We are -not going to take 
any lessons in caring from 
people with that sort ofrecond. 
We care profoundly about the 
right of people to be protected 
against crime, hooliganism 
and the evil of drugs. 

“The mugger, the rapist the 
drug trafficker, must all sufier 
the full rigour of the law” 

That was why the party and 
the Government consistently 
backed the police and the 
courts in Britain and Northern 
Ireland, for without the rule of 
law there could be no liberty. . 

It was because they cared 
deeply about the health ser- 
vice that they had launched 
the biggest hospital building 
programme in the country’s 

The Government's record 
on the health sen vice was a 
fine one. They were proud of it 
and must see that people knew 
how much they had done. 

They cared deeply that re- 
tired people should never 
again see their hard-earned 
savings decimated by runaway 
inflation. . 

The pensioner who retired 
in 1963 with £1,000 of savings 
found 20 years later that it was 
worth only £160. That was 
why they would never relent 
in the battle against inflation, 
which had to be fought and 
won every year. 

Conservatives cared pas- 
sionately about the education 

of their children. Time and 
again they heard three basic 
messages: bring back the three 
Rs into the schools; bring back 
relevance into the curriculum; 
bring back discipline into the 

Money by itself would not 
solve the n 

problem because 
money would not raise stan- 

• But, by giving parents 
greater freedom to choose, by 
allowing head teachers greater 
control in their school, by 
laying down national stan- 
dards of syllabus and attain- 
ment, she was confident that 
they could improve the qual- 
ity of education in every 
school in the land. 

Most of all, Conservatives 
cared about the country’s 
security. The defence of the 
realm transcended all other 

For 40 years every govern- 
ment of Britain of every 
political persuasion had un- 
derstood the need for strong 
defences by maintaining and 
modernizing Britain's in- 

Soviet Union in 40 years. And 
they would have got it without 
firing a shot." 

Some policies could be re- 
versed but weapon develop- 
ment and production took 

“Of course there are fears 
about the terrible destructive 
power of nuclear weapons", 
the Prime Minister told repre- 
sentatives. - 

“But it is the balance of 
nuclear forces which has pre- 
served peace for 40 years in a 
Europe which twice in the 
previous 30 years tore itself to 
pieces — preserved peace not 
only from nuclear war but 
from conventional war in 
Europe as wdL 

“Let every nation know that 
Conservative government, 
now and in the future, will 
keep Britain's obligations to 
its allies.” 

After the Liberal SDP and 
Labour conferences, there was 
now only one party with an 
effective policy for the defence 
of the realm and that was the 
Conservative Party. 

The great achievements of 
the past seven years now made 
possible the next moves for- 
ward which had been set out 
this week. 

“Our duty is to safeguard 
our country's interests and to 
be reliable friends and allies. 
The failure of the other parties 
to measure up to what is 
needed places an awesome 
responsibility upon us. 

“I believe we have an 
historic duty to discharge that 
responsibility and to cany 
into the future all that is best 
and unique in Britain." 

The Prime Minister was 
applauded in a standing ova- 
tion for 10 minutes, with the 
representatives stamping their 
feet and some waving Union 


by Tebbit 

The leaking to the press of a 
confidential tetter from the' . 
former British Ambassador !* . ' 
Saudi Arabia brought a sham; 
attadc by Mr Nonuan T«M& 
on a “tiny minority of disfoyaj^ 
officials who steal govermnesti 
papers aad pass them tfrt [ 

newspapers for sheer partiftm’ - 
advantage’*. 4 

Mr Tebbit, chairman of (he 
Party, was replying to a debate 
on party policy and 

He said: “There are 
newspapers, sach os the 
tor, prepared to 
confidential material they-’ 
know wfll be harmful to (be* 
national interest out ofsjtite”. 

He expressed the hope fat- 
British Aerospace worths" 

by°rte°rfroii| h of 
Mirror to fra HI feefiag be- 
tween Saadi Arabia and Brit- 
ain would tell the Afinw wfcu 
they thought. £)! 

He told the party of , 
successful mail campaign to 
win support and new members 
and said this had. been a great 
conference. The radkalmi.«f ; 
the progressive right hadhea - 
harnessed to answer the deep , 
social concents of the ^ 
ditiooalists and catwofidafers. 

There was a contrast :ifch<*. 
other parties. The AHute 


111 **- 


• mi' 


i i i 

had fallen apart while Latafr- . 
had fled the centre ground,: * 
rushing back to stale, oatdated/ . 
socialism, smashing e»e* the - 
40-year consensus on defence. - 

Young Mr Khanodk was te 11 - 
visit Benin next week. He was- 
not sore whether he wmdd be" \ 
most welcome in the West or 
East of the city, bat he hoped 
be would visit the rite totf, 
boat to keep Germans fan. i'T 

escaping socialism and griag. 
to freedom in the WestjH' r * p 
see the crosses marking 
places where East 
guards had shot down 
be escapers. 

“I hope he will tell Berfags 
whether he is there to to stand 
for socialism or for. free 
capitalism.. 1 hope they; toll 
him a thing or two.” . ’■ ’ 

There was suddenly no- ^ 
where for the patriotic Labeor ■ 
voter to go except “to came 
with us" (applause). ' „ . 

The Opposition fesi all rat- 
fled the scene and now wiioj 
their chance to drive sooBigi' 
off tfaejlteid and secure the 
high poand of potties fir- L 
decades to come. “We are o* , 
the much; they are on % 3 

BBC dispute, page 5;; 


Si 194.' 




In die economics debate M t* 
John Duffy should have beet- - 
reported yesterday as saying that ? 
the fight against inflation, net j 
unemployment, had been won; « 

Reports by Robert Morgan, John Winder, Howard Underwood, Derek Barnett and Peter Mulligan 


£250m for new courts 

Hailsham speeds up trials 
as crime rate keeps rising 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

A £250 million building 
programme for 270 new 
courts in England and Wales 
by the mid-1990s was outlined 
by Lord Hailsham of Si 
Maryfebone, the Lord Chan- 
cellor, yesterday. 

The programme will tackle 
ihe “severe” rise in the work- 
load of the criminal courts 
which is at “an all time high” 

He also proposed an emer- 
gency programme of 12 tem- 
po ran- courts for London, 
which had freed “an excep- 
tional surge" in criminal 
cases: last year alone the rise 
was 19 per cent, almost twice 
the national average. 

Throughout the whole of 
the country the number of 
cases coming before crown 
courts, -where the pressure had 
been “particularly severe", 
had risen by as much as 65 per 
cent since 1979, he added. 

“The increase has been both 
continuous and progressive 

and shows as yet no signs of 

abatement," the Lord Chan- 
cellor said. 

Lord Hailsham, speaking at 
the opening of a new £3 
million crown court in Isle- 
worth. west London, said that 
one reason was the rise in 

crime. But it was also because 
a greater proportion of defen- 
dants were opting for trial in 
the crown court. 

The importance of bringing 
cases to trial speedily could 
not be overstated, he said. 
“Justice delayed is justice 
denied, denied to the prosecu- 
tion no less than the defence." . 

The Government is taking a 
number of measures to tackle 
the rise in criminal cases. It is 
expected to include proposals 
in its Criminal Justice Bill to 
abolish the right to choose 
jury trial for some offences, 
and to raise to £ 2,000 the 
threshold for criminal damage 
cases which can go to the 
crown court. 

The new crown prosecution 
service is also expected to 
weed out weak cases which 
will no longer go to the crown 

Lord Hailsham said the 
number of circuit judges had 
been increased from 315 to 
3S5: and on top of a £130 
million court building pro- 
gramme, which has replaced 
or built 140 courtrooms, there 
would be another 270 in the 
next 10 years at a cost of £250 

As many as half of those will 
be in London and the South- 
east In addition, because of its 
special needs, there had been 
80 temporary courts in 

But because of the 
“disporportionately heavy” 
problems of the Loudon 
courts, where “waiting times 
are still far too long", a further 
emergency programme was 
being considered for 12 more 
temporary courts, if possible 
by next year. 

In spite of the increased 
workload, waiting times be- 
tween committal and trial 
have been cut. Since' 1979, 
average waiting times between 
committal and trial had fallen 
from 17.6 weeks to 14 J weeks 
at the end of June. 

In the light of the rise in 
cases, that showed a “massive 
improvement in 

productivity” and was a “trib- 
ute to all who work in the 
courts", although it was a 
slight deterioration over the 
past year, he said 

It was a “significant 
improvement up a moving 
stairway travelling at such an 
impressive rate dow nhill " 

for family 
after death 

of baby 

Lord Hailsham arriving tojjpesn the new^ court complex at | 

west London yesterday i 

(Photograph: BUI Waxhurst). 

‘No violence’ involved 
in police station death 

A pathologist told an in- 
quest at Westminster 
coroners’ court yesterday that 
no violence had been involved 
in the death of a West Indian 
at Kensington police station 
last Wednesday. 

Two further post-mortem 
examinations are to be carried 
out on the man. 

Dr Iain West, the patholo- 
gisx. said that Mr Caiphus 
Amhony Lemard. aged 36, an 
engineer, of Haskell House, 
Stonebridge Park estate, 
Stonebridge. north-west 
London, had died from “in- 
halation of vomit” 

He said that the physical 
side of his examination was 
complete but he was carrying 

put drug tests. “I can say what 
is the immediate cause of 
death. I can't say what led up 
to it. 

Mrs Gareth Peirce, solicitor 
for the family, said that she 
was concerned about the state- 
ment that there was no vi- 
olence involved and drug tests 
were being taken. She re- 
quested a second post-mortem 

Mr Rod Fletcher, solicitor 
for the arresting officers, asked 
for a third post-mortem/ 

Dr Paul Knapman, the 
coroner, adjourned the hear- 
ing until October 1 5. “It will 
be a public examination in 
this court in front of a jury," 

Detective admits he 
called man ‘an animal’ 

A detective investigating 
the rape of a girl during the 
Brixton riots agreed yesterday 
that be described a 6 ft 4in 
suspect as “a big animal". 

Dei Sgt David Bowen told 
the jury at the Central Crim- 
inal Court “I got upset at cine 
stage when the man suggested 
the victim consented to sex." 

He added: “I urged him to 
tell the truth and spare the girl 
from the ordeal of coming to 
court to give evidence. He 
admitted that he bad raped 

The officer denied that 
statements of confession 
made by the man, aged 23, 
had been fabricated. He also 
denied a suggestion that he 

abused the suspect because of 
his colour or threatened him. 

In a statement the man 
allegedly said: “I have been 
telling porky-pies.” He then 
admitted bursting into a house 
in StockweLI with two others 
and raping the girl, aged 24, a 
secretary, at knife point during 
the height of rioting in 
September last year. 

The man. a student, denies 
charges of rape and robbery. 
With him in the dock a 

ith him in the dock are 
Michael Griffiths, aged 22 , a 
tailors' cutter, and Richard 
Leslie, aged 21. a presser. both 
of Union Road. Lambeth, 

who deny robbing other occu- 


pants of the house. 
The trial continues. 

Robber talks 
himself into 
7-year term 

Colin Hawkins, a repentant 
robber, talked himself into a 
seven-year prison sentence. 

“There was no evidence 
against him."Mr Allan Green- 
wood. for the defence, said at 
the Central Criminal Court 

But a week after he bran- 
dished a fake revolver and 
snatched £ 6,000 from a se- 
curity guard he confessed to 
an astonished police constable 

Hawkins, aged 29, un- . 
employed, of Kirkside. Green- 
wich, south London, pleaded 
guilty and was told by Sir 
James Miskin. QC Recorder 
of London, that he was getting 
a reduced sentence for his 
"frankness". i 

A baby's death from 
broncho-pneumonia in her 
-family’s damp maisonette led 
to a council paying 
damages of £13.000 with costs 

Sarah Finch died in her 
mother’s arms with her father, 
Kevin, and her brother, Rich- 
ard, in the room, their counsel 
Mr Richard Clegg, QC, said in 
the High Court in Manchester. 

A doctor later told an 
inquest that appalling housing 
conditions probably contrib- 
uted to the death in December 
1982 of the baby, aged four 

Mr Clegg said for three and 
three quarter years Mr Finch 
and his wife, June, both aged 
28, had frequently complained 
about water getting into the 
ground and first floor levels at 
their home but nothing was 

‘A month after the sad 
death the family was re- 
housed. They left a soggy 
maisonette but, of courseTit 
was too late for baby Sarah," 
Mr Gegg said. 

The claim was for a breach 
of covenant to repair the 
council house at Westdale 
Road, Newall Green, Man- 
chester. and the replacement 
of carpets and fittings in the 
freezing, mould-hit property. 

The general damages were 
for the discomfort and in- 
convenience caused to the 
couple and their other chil- 
dren and psychological shock 
after Sarah's death, which 
badly affected the father. 

The defendants, Manches- 
ter Gty Council, had offered a 
global sum of £13,000 of 
which the father would receive 
£3,135 and his wife £2,090. 
Richard, now aged eight, will 
get a similar sum while Kevin, 
aged nine, and Jane, aged 10, 
receive £1.045 each. 

Ferry charge 

A Belgian, aged 17, accused 
of stealing the £15,000 
Polruan to Fowey ferry boat 
and a dinghy, was remanded 
in custody by magistrates at 
Liskeand. Cornwall, yesterday. 
He will appear in court again 
next Wednesday, 


Slow progress on 
EEC market 

- r O>,! 

«2 :• 



The Government was fully 
committed to the completion of 

the European internal market 
because of the b< 

benefits it would 

have for both industry and 
consumer interests in the 
United Kingdom, Lord Lucas of 
Chflworth. Under Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry, 
said .during a debate in the 
House of Lords on a series of 
European Communities 
Committee reports dealing with 
consumer protection, food- 
stuffs, completion of the in- 
ternal market and other matters. 

The Government would do 
everything possible to ensure 
the momentum and, if possible, 
acceleration, of progress was 
maintained, he said, as one of 
the _ major objectives of the 
British Presidency of the EEC. 
Together with the previous 
presidential countries, Holland 
and Belgium, the United King- 
dom bad developed an action 
programme listing I SO measures 

for consideration by the middle 
of next year. 

Lord Seebohra (Ind), chairman 
of the Select Committee which 
studied the European 
Commission's report on these 
iteues, said progress towards 
iheiniemal market was already 
way behind schedule. 

A timetable of action had 
been drawn up to produce a 
singte. European market by 
1992. with a list of 300 in- 
struments to be adopted for the 
to be achieved, 
ily 27 of the 61 measures 

Lord Lucas of ChOworth 

Pfrnnedjto be passed byfoe end 




of 1985. had so 
adopted. The biggest delays had. " - 
not surprisingly, been in -t 

Lady Serota (Lab) said ani£ 
internal market could not be a' o 
success until there were sound,-.-! 
modern safety standards .for ,v- 
cousumer goods. . . ,'j ' 

uird Denning, former Masterdf 
the Rolls, aid with decisons J ' - 
roade m Brussels it would be"\“ 
difficult for representatives of' : 
ine JJnited Kingdom to sayj;< 
"No**, but he made a plea to * 
them to stand up for Britain. - .m 
Do not give way to these-.,, 
chaps too easily (he said). Eking L. 
them round to our way iff \j- 
fomldng. I hope the voice tjf s * 
England and of Parliament will ‘ U 
be made known to the ministers 
going oyer to Brussels to vole ott ~ 
these directives. ,.i* 

J iv 

».V i> 


> ’ * 




Warship design team 

Tie . chairman to head thu U* kJjIj .« - .1 _ ■ I— 

inqluytea^nto to the h taJrt-fet ■ 

‘p ■ 


... "•umiyw 

sign, will be announced shortly. 
Lord Trefoarne, Minister of 
Stele for Defence Procurement, 
fold peas during question rime 
in the House of Lords. 

The new appointment follows 
the resignation of the previous 
chairman. Professor Caldwell, 

decided because the Govern- 
ment considered the new chair- 
man would prefer to pick his 
own team. 

•? w-AI 


4* T - ^ £ 


- r „,„ Lord Hunt, a former chairman 

Jnlit #crw>\ 2f . lhe Parole Board, not Lord 

that if Gnmond as reported on Fri* 
there was difficulty in finding an day. said in foe Lords ' **■ - 


l 'fr- 

IT . ? > -- - -A- -J 

uncommitted naval or hydro- 
dynamic engineer, the Govern- 
ment should consider an expert 
m aerodynamics as there was an 
affinity between the behaviour 
of air and water. 

Lord Trefgarne said the sugges- 
tion would be considered. 

— j. in the Lords Ofl 
Thursday that he regarded the; 
Anderson case as a raqior failure" 
of the parole system. He added 
that such cases were rare hu 
relation io the wide operation of 
foe scheme and foe long period... 
during which it had been' 
successfully operated * 

~ t i i~LC rii»*j&6 SA 1 U isjl /AY OC j. C>x>xixv 1 1 i> o6 

jyyfcjavik siimmit: • Dissident s wrangle • Russians fly 

Reagan will demand 
more human rights 
action from Kremlin 

u *> ivLoo 

Soviet^ u ™|^ding a p- 

Jeaye the Sovi« 

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word ma t S 10 receive 

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From Michael Bmyon, Reykjavik 

we&ed‘ l fh e S S“ jjsjjday whole area of Jewish and 
Soviet nciei of the 

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'SM } 

“ Ifcr r5> 

,i ... cn Bmsk 

f «i.rrnv "*>* 

German emigration and the 
repression of dissidents. 

She said human rights were, 
for the US, among the most 
important of the four themes 
to be discussed today by 
President Reagan and Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov. 

The US was not making any 
linkage with other issues, but 
it was a statement of political 
feet that most Americans saw 
human rights as very ranch an 
indicator of the state of US 
relations with the Soviet 

Giving a generally optimis- 
tic view of today’s talks, Mrs 
Ridgway said President Rea- 
gan was looking forward to 
having a “serious exchange 11 
and explaining his views, es- 


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Nato allies concern on 
short-range missiles 

From Frederick Bonnart, Brussels 

i?? u Rea san talks to 
™ Gorbachov today about 

control For iSnSSS 

lik SSf an C ea , r for ces, his Euro- 
pean allies hope he win also 

mlS. 5110 "-™* 6 aaial 

ha ^ e expressed their 
concern to Mr Paul Nitze, the 
presidential arms control ad- 
viser, who met the Nato coun- 
cil in Brussels on Thursday. 

Chancellor Kohl of West Ger- 
many stressed the matter in a 
letter to Mr Reagan before the 

If left unsolved, Europe 
could again be exposed to a 
powerful unanswered threat 
and its ties with the United 
Stales could be weakened. 

These are the Soviet SS21, 
SS22 and SS23 missiles with 
ranges from 75-550 miles 
which, according to Nato of- 
ficials. are being introduced in 
increasing numbers with im- 
proved accuracy. Including 
their older models, there are 
now more than 1 ,650 of than, 
whereas Nato has 72 missiles 
to ph against them. 

ly on the Strategic De- 
ice Initiative, to Mr Gor- 
bachov, and probably to 
spending a lot of the time 
alone with him. 

She gave a warning, how- 
ever, that too much should 
not be expected: there would 
be no negotiations on the 
details of any agreement on 
intermediate-range nuclear 
forces, only a review of the 
broad issues. The aim was to 
“give impulse” to negotiators 
in Geneva and to work out 
what new directions should be 
given to them. 

There would probably be no 
dosing statement after the 
final session tomorrow. -Mrs 
Ridgway said the US was not 
even expecting that the Reyk- 
javik talks would set a dale for 
the real summit in Wash- 

“We are ready to receive 
proposals,” she said. “It 
would also be wrong to as- 
sume that a summit depended 
on agreement first on inter- 
mediate weapons.” 

Mr George Shultz, the Sec- 
retary of State, who spent 
yesterday in intensive talks 
with President Reagan at the 
American Ambassador’s res- 
idence, said on US television 
that the object was to prepare 
the way for the the summit 
meeting in the US. 

“You try to push the ball 
along in the various places,” 
he said, emphasizing that 
human rights were going to be 
“right up at the top of our 

in • Camp ordeal • Press invasion 

Restrictions gone 
as Mrs Gorbachov 
steals limelight 

From Christopher Walker, Reykjavik 

j*j “1 £. 

Riders on Icelandic ponies parading the Hags of the United States, Iceland and the Soviet 
Union through the streets of Reykjavik yesterday. 

Woman in the News 

Moscow frees dissident poet 


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a> . 

since 1943 

By Henry Stanhope 

AH US presidents since 
Roosevelt have held at least 
one face-to-face meeting with 
their Soviet counterparts and 
Mr Reagan now looks set to 
join Roosevelt, Eisenhower. 
Nixon and Ford in holding 
more than one summit during 
their time at the White House, 
w This will be the sixteenth 
since 1943, although nfost-af 
those until 1960 had the 
British and sometimes French 
heads of government there 

September 1943, Tehran — 
Roosevelt, Stalin, Churchill: 
Plans laid for allied invasion 
of France and discussions 
begun over post-war world. 
February 1945, Yalta — 
Roosevelt, Stalin, Churchill: 
Controversial summit at 
which future of Poland and 
Eastern Europe was settled as 
well as Russia's entry ratio 
Pacific war. 

July 1945, Potsdam — Tru- 
man. Stalin, Chorchill-Attlee: 
Occupation of Germany and 
German reparations. Truman 
learned during conference of 
successful U5 test of an 
atomic bomb. 

July 1955. Geneva - Eisen- 
hower, B □ Igamu-Krushchev, 
Eden. Fa ore: Eisenhower de- 
manded “open skies” East- 
West policy, allowing joint 
aerial reconnaissance. 
September 1959, Wasbingtou- 
Camp Da rid - Eisenhower, 
Krushchev: Agreed on more 
Easi-West contacts but failed 
to make progress on disarma- 
ment . or German 


May I960, Pans - Eisen- 
hower. Krushchev, Mac- 
ntillan. De Gaulle: East-West 
talks broke down when 
Krushchev stormed out over 
U 1 spv-plane incident 
June 1961, Vienna - 
S nedy. Krushchev: Lille head- 
I wav on main issue of Berlin 
* but some progress in dis- 
cussions on Ujos- 
June 1967, Glass boro. New 
lersev - Johnson, Kosygin: 
Hastily arranged meeting to 
discuss Six-Day War in Mid- 
dle East and Vietnam war. 

Mat 1972, Moscow - NiMj 
Brezhnev: Signing of first 
SiraS Amts Limitation 

June " 1973, Washington -- 
Nho". Brerimev: Agreements 

Iceland is ready 
for media circus 

From Christopher Walker, Reykjavik 
Icelanders are used to being Miss World and “the world’s 

at the beck and call of the 
elements. This week, in 
preparation for the 
superpowers’ summit talks, 
this remote fishing nation is 
proving it can, at the drop of a 
hat, take on the world’s largest 
media circus and cope. 

“It is because we are used to 
dropping everything and chas- 
ing the fish when they are 
dose that we have been able to 
get this organized,” said Mrs 
Sigridur Snoeyan; a foreign 
ministry offidaL “What has 
been done is little short of a 

One of the tasks feeing the 
Icelanders has bean to satisfy 
the appetites of the media in 
the face of the news blackout 
on the substance of the sum- 
mit between President Reagan 
and Mr Gorbachov, the Rus- 
sian leader. Mr Gorbachov 
yesterday paid personal trib- 
ute to the way the summit had 
been organized at such short 

The fere provided for the 
television people has been 
nothing, if not imaginative. 
Yesterday, as camera crews 
filed through morning drizzle 
to the Soviet Union's press 
centre for their daily briefing, 
Iceland’s top horses were 
galloping past them with large 
Russian and American flags 
blowing in the wind. 

Other events have ranged 
from a slick, fashion show at a 
leading discotheque for the 
Kremlin entourage, to a 
tombola presided over by 

strongest man . 

In an effort to combine self- 
help with assistance to the 
visitors, hundreds oflcelandic 
famili es have moved out of 
their homes and rented them 
to media organizations for up 
to $2,000 aught. 

Many of the city’s taxi fleet 
have been requisitioned by the 
Soviet Union and American 
Governments. “The Russians 
give their driver two free 
meals a day plus unlimited 
coffee, the Americans give ns 
nothing,” complained an Ice- 
lander driving a senior US 
security man. 

In many houses in Reyk- 
javik, elderly women are 
conducting a thriving busi- 
ness, hand-knitting at break- 
neck speed scarves and 
woollen sweaters incorporat- 
ing the Hammer and Sickle 
and the Stars and Stripes. 

Despite the blatant 
profiteering, the Government 
is convinced that by hosting 
the summit in place of 
London — the alternative' 
venue , turned down by the 
White House — the remote 
island with no military 
and the world’s highest 
literacy rate will have reaped 
great benefits. 

Questioned yesterday, Mr 
Sieinfrrimur Hermannsson, 
the Prime Minister, welcomed 
the summit. “At least the 
world will now be aware we do 
not live in igloos, a question I 
have been asked several times 
already this week,” he 

The news of Irina Ratoshin- 
slcaya’s unexpected release 
from a seven-year sentence in 
tire strict-regime Mordovian 
Camp for Women, reached 
Kestoa College in Kent, the 
centre which monitors religion 
in Commnnist c oun tries, in a 
personal phone call yesterday. 

She was not due for release 
until 1994, since the prison 
term was to be followed by five 
years’ internal exile. It is 
widely accepted that the poet 
and physicist owes her free- 
dom to the Reykjavik summit 
this weekend. 

Though the release is un- 
conditional, with no restriction 
of movement within the Soviet 
Union, it is not yet known 
whether she wfD receive the 
exit visas she and her hus- 
band, Mr Igor Gerashchenko, 
first applied for in 1990. 

The feet that she chose to 
phone Kestoa College so soon 
after her release snggests that 
she may well wish to come to 

Irina Ratnshbskaya was 
bora In Odessa in the Ukraine 

win on 

Reykjavik (Renter) — 
American bureaucracy has 
scored a quick tactical victory 
over the Soviet variety in the 
approach to the summit 

Icelandic officials said 
White House advance teams 
bad out-manoeuvred their op- 
posite numbers from the 
Kremlin in securing the best 
office accommodation in the 
Government lodge where 
President Reagan and Mr 
Mikhail - Gorbachev meet 

The American staff rooms 
are elegantly appointed with 
green silk on the walls and 
display cabinets filled with 
precious ornaments. 

In stark contrast, the Soviet 
workplace consists of two 
smaller and drabber rooms 
with plain couches and chairs 
and one yellow Russian 

By Caroline Moorhead 

to Polish parents in March 
1954. A member of the Rus- 
sian Orthodox Church, she 
studied physics at Odessa 
University from 1971 to 1976, 
and by 1977 was teaching 
physics and mathematics at 
the city’s tea ch er training 
school. Her own teachers had 
considered her as potentially 
brilliant in the arts as she was 
in the sciences. 

Her first dash with the 
authorities came that same 
year over a play she wrote for 
the Odessa theatre, and she 
was demoted to laboratory 
assistant It was then that she 
began writing the poetry for 
which she has become known 
in the West (her verse is 
banned in the Soviet Union). 

Much of it is personal and 
very strongly Christian in 
tone, and she has written 
passionately about what she 
considers the anti-religion 
movement in the Soviet Union. 

This summer a volume of 
her poems. No Pm mot Afraid, 
was published in England, 
indwting poems 

from her prison, which she 
nicknamed “The Small 

She was first arrested in 
December 1981 for taking part 
in a demonstration in Pushkin 
Square in support of the 
dissident physicist Dr Andrei 
Sakharov. She was freed and 
continued to campaign for 
human rights, particularly the 
right to publish freely and for 
free trade onions. 

In 1982 she was arrested 
near Kiev for “alleged anti- 
Soviet agitation” and given a 
12-year sentence, the first 
woman to receive the maxi- 
mum for her “crime”. 

She was forcibly fed in 
prison during her repeated, 
hunter strikes. Her health 
deteriorated — heart trouble 
and glaucoma were saspected 
— nntfi friends feared she 
might not survive another 
winter In the camp. 

In July, however, she was 
moved to an ordinary prison in 
Kiev, and it was from there 
that she was suddenly released 
mi Thursday. 

It may not be ihc summit, 
but the intensive Soviet build- 
up to today’s Gorbachov- 
Reagan meeting has left no 
room for doubt that whatever 
etymological contortions are 
performed by American 
spokesmen, it is a summit. 

Initial Soviet warnings 
about severe restrictions on 
accrediting newsmen have 
been long forgotten and Mrs 
Raisa Gorbachov has arrived, 
assured of stealing the lime- 
light from a mysteriously ab- 
sent Mrs Nancy Reagan. 

Any final doubts about the 
Soviet altitude towards a 
meeting which Mr Gorbachov 
regards as a vital step towards 
signing the first superpower 
disarmament treaty of this 
decade were removed recently 
by Mr Eduard Shevardnadze, 
the Soviet Foreign Minister, 
who also arrived yesterday. 

The affable Georgian — who 
has struck up what Soviet 
officials term “a good mutual 
understanding” with his Am- 
erican counterpart. Mr George 
Shultz — has described the 
summit as “the most import- 
ant world event in modern 
times, even though the ene- 
mies of detente deny it” 

His remark reflected Krem- 
lin satisfaction that President 
Reagan has agreed second 
lime around to a meeting 
which Soviet leaders believe 
will perform invaluable spade- 
work for the signing of a full 
accord on die reduction of 
intermediate-range nuclear 
missiles in Europe when the 
“frill” summit takes place in 
Washington in December or 

Under the surface mood of 
near euphoria about the meet- 
ing there has been a growing 
sense of realism in Moscow 
that the much-sought arms 
control agreements still need 
much hard negotiating. 

“There is no sense today in 
being transported by illu- 
sions,” wrote Mr Vladislav 
Drobkov, an influential Prav- 
da commentator. “The work 
at Reykjavik, the road to ach- 
ieving mutual agreements and 
a real reduction in aims, can- 
not be, and for sure will not 
be, easy.” 

Apart from a question of 
image for Mr Gorbachov, 
there are obvious economic 
reasons why Moscow is so im- 

patient for the signing of at 
least one substantive arms 
control agrecmcm. 

It can have been no co- 
incidence that, 24 hours after 
the announcement of the Ice- 
landic summit. Mr Gorba- 
chov was Iccuturing Soviet 
academics about the conti- 
nued resistance inside the 
Soviet Union to his reforms. 

The speech and similar 
laments at earlier speeches in 
the Soviet far east and the 
northern caucases were a re- 
minder that Mr Gorbachov 
arrived here yesterday with 
more domestic difficulties be- 
hind him than when he landed 
in Geneva last November. 

“Because of the economic 
hardships at home, the rum- 
blings of disconicm over his 
cutback on alcohol and the 

Two Italians hare been 
ordered to leate Moscow in 
retaliation for Rome’s expul- 
sion in July of three Eastern 
bloc diplomats for alleged 
industrial espionage, Italian 
newspapers said > ester day 
(Rnefer reports from Rome). 

obstacles to reform, be very 
much needs an international 
success.” one European dip- 
lomat told me. 

“That is why so much 
emphasis is being laid on a 
Euro-missile deal.” 

With electricity rationing 
already in operation in four of 
the 15 Soviet republics, the 
Bubuihkas (old women) pre- 
dicting a particularly harsh 
winter (Moscow has already 
had two un seasonal Septem- 
ber blizzards), and the ill-tem- 
pered queues no smaller, the 
pressure is growing on Mr 
Gorbachov to secure the kind 
of deal which would allow.- 
resources to be transferred 
from the massive Soviet de- 
fence sector. 

These economic considera- 
tions have been reinforced 
since Geneva by the need to 
provide the long suffering So- 
viet public with some tangible 
success after the heavy- 
psychological blows of Cher- 
nobyl. the loss of the liner. The 
Admiral Nakhimov and 
nearly 400 lives, and most 
recently, the humiliating sink- 
ing of the Soviet nuclear 
submarine in the Western 

Residents baffled by US defection Bonn says 


From Paul Vallely 

The local community in 
which the US scientist Mr 
Arnold Lockshin lived for the 
past six years is in a state ofbe- 
wildered curiosity over his 
decision to defect to the Soviet 
Union with his family. 

Yesterday passers-by paus- 
ing to stare outside the 
family’s red-brick Houston 
home saw only a- vision of 
suburban normality. 

Two cars were parked there. 
A tricycle and other children’s 
toys littered the garden. A 
parcel delivered by the post- 
man sat in the porch. Domes- 
tic rubbish had been neatly 
bagged and put out for collect 
tion on Monday. 

“Just plain going to Russia 
isn’t fair,” grumbled Miss 
Rebecca Oriin, their next-door 
neighbour and a friend of the 
Lockshin’s daughter, Jennifer, 
aged 15. 

Until last week neighbours 
say they would have described 
the Lockshins as “just a 

President Gromyko received 
US defector Mr Arnold 
Lockshin in die Kremlin yes- 
terday and told him he was 
now among friends, Tass said 
(Renter reports from 

regular family”. Now they are 
scrutinizing their memories 
for dues, recalling only an 
average family with average 

“He was against the Viet- 
nam war and burned his draft 
card, but so did many others. 
He was opposed to the re- 
election of Reagan, but then a 
lot of us were,” said a neigh- 
bour, who said the family 
never made any reference to 
the Soviet Union. 

“The only link was that 
Jennifer, the eldest daughter, 
was studying Russian in the 
tenth grade. She was an hon- 
ours student. All the kids were 
in special schools for gifted 

None recalled the Lock- 
shins ever speaking of the 

tapping of their phone, the 
opening of their mail, the 
obscene phone calls or threats 
of physical violence of which 
Mr Lockshin complained in 

At the heart of the mystery 
was Dr Lockshin’s work as 
senior pharmacologist at the 
St Joseph Hospital cancer 
research laboratory, from 
which he was sacked in 

This week the centre’s direc- 
tor, Dr John Stehlin, issued a 
three-line statement on the 
dis missal- It said Mr Lockshin 
had been dismissed because 
he had become increasingly 
withdrawn, inattentive and 
unable to do his work. 

Some colleagues said that 
Mr Lockshin had published 
two well- respected papersin 
the past year, but others said 
that his work had deteriorated 
in recent months. 

“The mother had indicated 
that the father was unhappy at 
his job.” said the youngest 
child's headmistress. 

From John England 

The first of 96 cruise mis- 
siles to be stationed in West 
Germany have been deployed 
at a US Air Force base since 
the end of March, the Govern- 
ment announced yesterday. 

The spokesman, Herr 
Friedhelra Ost, said the first 
squadron of the US 38th 
tactical missile group had 
been ready for action since 
then at the base at Hahn, 
south-west of Koblenz. 

The group would be sta- 
tioned later at a base being 
built at Hasselbach. near Ko- 
blenz. About 60,000 peace 
protesters are io hold a rally. 

Peace movement spokes- 
men said the demonstrators 
would form a human chain 
around the site as a “living 
wall against the atomic death- 
b ringers”. 


on prevention 

nuclear war. bilateral issues, 
and "deep satisfaction” re- 
corded over Pans agreement 

-SrW Moscow — 
nIxobu Brezhnev: Threshold 
Test-Ban Treaty signej agrre- 
mcnt io hold regular bilateral 

!KXr VWivMttJt 
_ Ford, Brezhnev: Vtadi- 
„cinfc Accord Signed, faying 
foundations for eventual 

: .1 rt K‘ S!L:a 3S l^S, Helsinki - 
. J T l * JulJ. Two sessions 

, Brezhnev: Two sessions 
^during Conference on 
Co-operation in 

Europe' fa“«l to make further 
nSSSs on arms control. 
1979- Vienna — Carter, 




aereed in principle to 
^ Stain Washington in 


Dead boy comes to life 

Modesto. California (AJP) - 
Mr Tim Hubbel, the Oak- 
dale Rural Fire Department 
Chief, carries Allen Smith, 
aged two. from the 
Stanislaus River on 

The boy had slipped into the 
water and was submerged 

for nearly 90 minutes. 

Two hours after arriving at a 
Modesto Memorial Hospital 
Medical Centre in a helicop- 
ter the boy’s heart began 
beating and doctors said his 
chances looked good but the 
next 24 hours would be 


Britons well says 
Antarctic official 

By Nicholas Beeston 

A British Antarctic ex- erator is down,” he said. 

pedition has denied claims by 
US officials that three of its 
members were showing signs 
of strain and had run out of 
proper food after spending a 
winter in the Antarctic. 

Mr Peter Wilkniss, Director 
of Polar Programmes for the 
US National Science Founda- 
tion and head of the US 
Antarctic Research Pro- 
gramme made his observa- 
tions yesterday after visiting 
the three Britons last weekend 
at their camp at Cape Evans in 
the McMurdo Sound. 

"They have run out of 
proper food and their gen- 

The Britons, Mr Gareth 
Wood, aged 33, who was bom 
in Edinburgh but lives in 
Canada, Mr Steve Broni. aged 
26 from Scotland and Mr Tim 
.Lovejoy, aged 30 from Lon- 
don, have spent the fast six 
months living through the 
harsh Antartic winter. 

They are members of the 
Footsteps of Scott expedition 
which last year sent a three- 
man team to the South Pole 

A spokesman for Footsteps 
of Scott said the organization 
was in frequent radio contact 
with the men and that they 
had abundant stocks of food. 

Town hit by 
is deserted 

From A Correspondent 

The small Mozambican 
town of Zumbo, close to the 
border with Zambia and Zim- 
babwe. was yesterday reported 
to be virtually deserted follow- 
ing an attack by the right-wing 
anti-government guerrilla 
group known as Renamo. 

One report says more than 
500 refugees have fled to 
Zambia since the attack on the 
town of 3,000 on Monday, but 
a Zimbabwean newspaper re- 
ported that only seven refugee 
families have arrived there: 

President Samora Machel of 
Mozambique threatened to 
blockade Malawi. 

Strauss confident of 
victory in state poll 

From John England, Bonn 
Voters in the Bavarian state on power-sharing 

election are tomorrow ex- 
pected to re-elect Hen - Franz 
Josef Strauss, the Prime Min- 
ister, and his Christian Social 
Union (CSU) with more than 
50 per cent of the vote. 

As Herr Strauss pul it to 
15,000 cheering supporters at 
a final rally at Nuremberg’s 
Haupimarkr. “It is not a 
question of if we shall win — 
but how well we shall do so.” 

At the last election in 1982 
the CSU look 58.3 per cent of 
the vote. This time Herr 
Strauss is striving to do as 
well, if not better, to give him 
muscle in Bonn for the conser- 
vative-liberal coalition talks 

on power-shanng after the 
federal poll in January, which 
they confidently expect to win. 

Herr Strauss, aged 70 and 
Prime Minister since 1978. 
has been able to point during 
the campaign to Bavaria’s 
performance as the leader in 
economic growth among West 
German states. 

• ATHENS: More than 
seven million Greek voters go 
to the polls tomorrow to elect 
mayors and community lead- 
ers for 6,000 towns and vil- 
lages, in the first popularity 
test for the ruling Greek 
Socialists since they won a 
second term of office last year 
(Mario Modiano writes). 

One million French view the beloved motor car 

From Diana Geddes 

Opinions differ about 
whether a Frenchman's car 
comes between his wife andltis 
mistress m importance, or 
whether it actually takes pre- 
cedence over his mistress. At 
all events, it is one of his most 
cosseted and jealonsly-prized 
possessions, and there are few 
things as aggressive as a 
Fenchman driving his car. 

By the time the French 
’"Salon de KAntomobile” 
closes its doors at the POrtes 
de Versailles in Paris tomor- 
row night (sun), nearly I 
million people will have seen 
the show, at which f utu r isti c 
Bertone models rub shoulders 
with the Citroen Desx-Che- 
vaux, now more than 40 years 

Despite a fall in attendance 
of almost 25 per cent com- 
pared with the most recent 
Paris show two years ago - 
. largely due to the threat of 
terrorist attacks — the mood 
tins year is npbeat, particu- 
larly among French manufac- 
turers, who are emerging from 
a two-year slump. 

Peugeot is forecasting a 
substantial profit this year, 
Citroen is expected to balance 
its books after several years of 
deficit, and state-owned Re- 
nault hopes to halve last year’s 
10 billion franc (£1 billion) 

Despite recent difficulties 
and ™« lay-offs, car mans- 
factoring remains one of the 
most important industries in 
France, employing 200,000. 

Nearly 2 million cars are 
expected to be sold in France 

this year. 63 per cent of than 
French models. (In Britain, 
only 44 per cent of cars sold 
are British). Some 1.7 million 
more will be exported. Last 
year French car exports were 
worth 95 billion francs, repre- 
senting II per cent of the coun- 
try’s exports. 

Although foreign cars have 
been growing in popularity, a 
poll published by Le Monde 
last week showed that 56 per 
cent Of the French population 
still believes French cars to be 
the best, with German cars 
coining a close second (44 per 
cent) and Japanese cars in 
third place (12 per cent), 
British cars were at the bottom 
of the pile, with only 2 per cent 
saying they preferred them. 

Given the continued empha- 
sis on increased speed in the 
new models at the show, it was 


surprising to find that speed 
was considered the least im- 
portant quality for a French- 
man when choosing a car. At 
the top of his list of priorities, 
excluding price, was low petrol 
consumption, followed by si- 
lence and comfort, and then 
the car’s life expectancy. 

Asked how fast they would 
drive on a virtually empty 
motorway with no speed limit, 
only 4 per cent of drivers said 
they would drive at more than 
93 mph. while 60 per cent said 
they would stick within the 
existing motorway speed limit 
of 80 mph. 

France not only has the 
most deadly roads In Europe- 
near!; 11,000 deaths and 
nearly 200,000 injured during 
the past 12 months - but it 
also has the rudest and most 
agressive drivers. You do 

wait for someone to give way 
for yon — yon shove. You never 
say thank yon because that is a 
sign of weakness. 

One third of drivers admit- 
ted that they sometimes 
shouted insnlts at other driv^ 
ers. The worst offenders were 
drivers in the professional and 
senior white-collar classes and 
drivers aged from 18 to 34. 

Another major hazard on 
French roads are traffic jams, 
as immortalized in Truffaut's 
film Weekend, and they are 
getting worse. Three-quarters 
of French families own at least 
one car, compared with 62 per 
cent in Britain, and one in four 
own two or more cars. 

Returning to Paris after a 
weekend in the country has be- 
come a nightmare with regular 
traffic jams of 20 miles or. 



White House pursued 
by Congress on link 
with fatal arms flight 

The White House was 
under intense congressional 
pressure last night to darity its 
possible involvement in the 
flight of an anns^arrying 
cargo plane over Nic a r agu a, 
which was shot down by 
Sandinista troops on Sunday, 
killing two of three Americans 

Senator David Durenber- 
ger. chairman of the Senate 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

was that he had been told by the Council for World Freedom, 

CIA "flatly” that it bad no 
connection with the 

Both Mr Shultz and Mr 
Elliott Abrams, Assistant Sec- 
retary of State for Latin Amer- 
ica, strenuously rejected a 
televised statement, read in 
Managua by Mr. Eugene 
Hasenfos, the sde American 
survivor of the supply plane. 

select committee on intelli- saying he had been part of an 
grace, challenged the Admin- extensive, air resupply opera- 
i oration to acknowledae what tion for the Contras run from 

i oration to acknowledge what 
he said was its role in the 
flight “I assume someone in 
the US Government knows 
something about this, and the 

lion for the Contras run from 
a Salvadorean Air Force base 
by CIA employees. 

Mr Abrams said: “The CIA 
is asked to report on events in 

speak up the Central America, and among 

better,” he said. 

The CIA look the unusual 

things they report on to us is 
some of tlus activity. But they 

step of publicly denying any do not direct it directly or 
involvement, under a 1984 indirectly, wink or nod, or 

involvement, under a 1984 
law the agency may share 
intelligence with the Contras 
but must not train, arm, 

indirectly, wink or nod, or 
steer people. It’s illegal. 7 ' 

Despite the denials there 
remains deep suspicion on 

equip, advise or direct their Capitol Hill that the Admin- 
activity. That restraint, how- istration at least knew what 

ever, is about to be lifted 
under a new law — the same 
law that will soon release $100 
million (£70 million) of mili- 
tary and non-military aid to 
the rebels. 

Mr George Shultz, the Sec- 
retary of State, said yesterday 

was going on and sanctioned 
the supply operations. The 
cargo plane was under con- 
tract to people as yet unidenti- 
fied — people who have been 
raising money for the Contras. 

Retired Major-General 
John SingLaub, who runs the 

the biggest of the pro-Contra 
private fund-raising groups in 
America, denied any involve- 

“There is a large gro up o f 
unemployed or underem- 
ployed pilots who have air- 
planes, who are vying with 
one another, bidding for the 
flying jobs that exist in Central 
America," be said. “Some of 
them haul fresh vegetables 
from Guatemala to the United 
States. The same airplane that 
last week was hauling canta- 
loupes may be hauling bullets 
next week.” 

Certainly, it is well known 
in Washington that a kind of 
informal brotherhood of Viet- 
nam war veterans exists in 
Central America, mostly en- 
gaged in covertly transporting 
goods to the Contras. 

Mr Hasenfos said be bad 
been hired by a company 
called Corporate Air Services, 
based out of Southern Air 
Transport, an air cargo firm in 
Miami. It was owned by the 
CIA between 1960 and 1973 
and used mostly for work in 
south-east Asia. The CIA sold 
it in 1973 but undoubtedly 
maintained a dose link. 

sunk by 

■*.:> ‘ ft/ ' ^ 

■ . . <•>. 

y , : 'i • **» ■ . 

* 4 * . •*,.*,/ 

Pans (AP) - A French 

S atrol boat sank a trawfcr 
ying the Panamanian flag 
caught fishing illegally near St 
Paul Island in the Indian 
Ocean, the Defence Ministry 

The patrol boat Albatros 
fired warning shots at the 
Southern Raider and sank it 
when it attempted to flee. The 
trawler’s 23-man crew was 

Border closed 

>..S "V v 

Three airline seats are a perfect fit for two Japanese sumo wrestlers. The heavyweight athletes are. sitting <ra the plane that 
brought them to France to compete rathe Great Paris Sumo Tournament 

68 bus deaths 

Steel sees Camp siege looms 
tran .? lt „, in south Lebanon 

camp ‘hell’ 

From Robert Fisk, Beirut 

Pride as 

Rabies call 

From Michael Hornsby 

6 CIA supply routes’ exposed 

From Alan Tomlinson, Managua 

Ti Details of CIA methods 

- used to supply Nicaraguan 
Contras have emerged as more 

“ information about me incident 

- last Sunday, when a plane was 
shot down while delivering 

“ arms, have been revealed. 

“ The American captured af- 
" ter parachnting from the 
»- plane, Mr Eugene Hasenfos, 
" said he made 10 supply flights 
« to the rebels from an airstrip 
Z built by US troops in Hon- 
« dims and from an Air Force 
Z base in El Salvador where the 
^ CIA operation was based. 
m Captain Ricardo Whedock, 
T the Nicaraguan military intel- 
licence chief, said this was 
Z “solid proof” of the partidpa- 
~~ tion of the CIA and the Untied 
. 1 - States Government in the af- 
j. fair. The CIA and the Reagan 

- Administration have emphat- 
ically denied any connection, 

; saying Mr Hasenfos Bed 
under duress from Ms captors. 
I He said he was recruited In 

- June by Mr William Cooper, 
the co-pQot of tiie downed 

- plane afro died in the wreck- 
r. age with pilot Wallace Sawyer 

Jr, both Americans. Working 

- for Corporate Air Sepices, 
. j through its Miami subsidiary, 
• Southern Air Transport, they 

flew arms and ammunition to 
. the Contras in Nicaragua from 

- Aguacate in Honduras and' 
from Dopango Air Force base 

- in El Salvador. 

“The people I knew in El 
Salvador were all Company,” 
Mr Hasenfos said, “and there 
were two naturalized Cuban- 
Americans working for the 
CIA who did most of the co- 
ordinating for the fli ght *. * 1 
Captain Wheelock said 
afterwards: “No legal air com- 
pany is going to have a 
warehouse on a military air 
base where they are able to 

hold more than 80,000 lbs of 
weapons. This was all carried 
out as aa undercover operation 
by the CIA.” 

US officials in Managua 
complained later tint they 
were stiQ being denied con- 
sular access to Mr Hasenfos. 
Mrs Sally Hasenfos, who 
arrived here on Wednesday 
night, was allowed to visit her 
husband briefly on Thursday. 

Mr Eugene Hasenfos, the American who was ca; 
Nicaragua on Sunday, with his wife, Sally, in M 

Weinberger may adjust Danes plan to 
Delhi’s Eastern tilt 

From Michael Hamlyn, Delhi 

inflow by half 

A month before Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov, the Soviet leader, 
makes a much-heralded state 
visit to India, Delhi today 
reinforces its non-aligned sta- 
tus in welcoming Mr Caspar 
Weinberger, the US Defence 

It wii] be the first visit to 
India by an American defence 
secretary and signals a distinct 
change of attitude by the 
Government of Mr Rajiv 
Gandhi, the Prime Minister. 

It is 20 years since Ameri- 
can hardware appeared in 
India's defence armoury, the 
refusal of the Untied Slates to 
resupply arms during the war 
with Pakistan having caused 
much bitterness here. But 
American technical superior- 

ity in many fields is encourag- 
ing Mr Gandhi to make a 

mg Mr uanam to rnaxe a 
slight correction to the 
country’s otherwise pro- 
Soviet tilL 

Though much significance 
is being placed on the visit by 
both Washington and Delhi, 
the Indian administration is 
not going out of its way to 
make a huge fuss of Mr 
Weinberger. After meeting 

him tonight Mr Gandhi, who 
is also Defence Minister, is 
leaving tomorrow night for 

Indonesia and Australia, 
Discussions with Mr Wein- 
berger and the large company 
of officials flying with him wifi 
be led instead by the Minister 

General Electric 404 engfov-. 
for a handful of prototypes. 

Britain offered the Rolls- 
Royce RBI 99 for the project, 
and though not finally ruled 
out it seems to have lost this 
particular prize. A French and 
a Russian engine are also-rans 
as we!L 

The US is keen to provide 
avionics systems for the LCA 
project and has approved a 
licence for export of the 
technical data associated with 
the Northrop F20 fighter. 

The Indians are interested 
in acquiring tracking and 
telemetry equipment fora new 
rocket range to be set up in 

Round-table talks with Mr 
Singh, the three service chiefs 
and the Ministry’s chief scien- 
tific adviser. Dr V.S. Aruna- 
chulam, begin on Tuesday. 
The American party will have 
their ears bent a good deal on 
the subject of US arms sales to 

The point will be made with 
some emphasis that it is no ■ 
good complaining at World 
Bank and international dev- 
elopment meetings about the 
amount of resources being 
diverted to defence spending, 
when it is America's own 
action in supplying advanced 
arms in the region that is 
responsible for the diversion. 

It is evident this time, 
however, that the Americans 

From Christopher FoIIett 

Denmark's Conservative- 
led Government yesterday ta- 
bled new legislation in Parlia- 
ment cutting the present 
inflow of mainly stateless 
Palestinian and Tamil refu- 
gees into Denmark by half by 
stopping them at the border. 

The legislation requires asy- 
lum seekers to Denmark to 
have valid passports and spe- 
cial visas. About 3,000 refu- 
gees entered last month. 

Mr David Steel, the leader 
of the Libera] Party, yesterday 
made the foreign visitor’s 
ritual pilgrimage to Soweto, 
Johannesburg’s Mack dormi- 
tory township, to see how the 
other four-fifths of the inhab- 
itants of Africa's wealthiest 
city live. 

It was a whistle-stop, 90- 
minute tour, in a convoy of 
cars, with Mr Peter Soal, the 
Progressive Federal Party’s 
(PFP) MP for Johannesburg 
North, and two Mack journal- 
ists as guides. The PFP, the 
official Opposition in the 
House of Assembly, has links 
with the Liberals through 
Libera] International. 

Mr Steel saw a fair cross- 
section of life in Soweto. His 
caravan passed first through 
the up-market Dube district, 
with its bungalows set in 
neatly-kept gardens. Children 
bounced on a trampoline on 
an open patch of ground, and 
a game was in progress on a 
well- watered bowling green. 

Then the convoy swung 
through the poor Meadow- 
lands district No gardens 
here; just grim little brick 
boxes with piles of uncollected 

Mr Steel stopped at the 
Mofolo squatter camp, a hud- 
dle of several hundred corru- 
gated-tin shades where about 
2,500 people have been al- 
lowed to settle over the past 
year or so by Mr Ephraim 
Tshabalala, the mayor of 
Soweto, while they wait for 
more permanent housing. 

Mr Tshabalala has been 
criticized for exploiting the 
squatters’ predicament . by 
exacting rent from them, but 
several of the shack dwellers 
Mr Sted spoke to said they 
were grateful that they bad 
anywhere to live. 

Then it was on to Mzimhlo- 
phe “transit camp", a settle- 
ment of brick huts with no 
internal toilets or water taps, 
where many of the inhabitants 
have been waiting fora decade 
for proper housing. ■ 

Mr Sted said he was im- 
pressed by how “absolutely 
spotless” the hovels were in- 
side, and by the efforts of the 
residents “to make a life out of 
this bdl”. It was unbelievable 
bow a government as wealthy 
as South Africa's could allow 
people to live in such a place. 

Mr Steel, who arrived here 
on Tuesday,, pursues his 
southern African tour over die 

The slums of the Rash- 
idlyeh Palestinian camp, be- 
sieged by the Israelis in two 
invasions, now seem set to 
endure a third encixcleiiient — 
by Shia Muslim Amal militia- 
men supported by Syria. 

The camp, south of the dty 
of Tyre and only 12 miles 
from the Israeli border, was 
the scene of further sniping 
yesterday as Mr Yassir 
Arafat's FLO defenders re- 
fused to hand over their 
weapons to Amal officials. 

just a day after Mr Arafat 
had asserted that he had sent 
further guerrillas to defend the 
Palestinian camps in Lebanon 
“until death", talks between 
the PLO in Rashidiyeh and 
Amal leaders broke down after 
a long dispute over the num- 
ber of weapons m the camp. 

Amal contends — with 
considerable veracity — that 
the Palestinians have hun- 
dreds of automatic rifles there, 
but in the early hours yes- 
terday the PLO offered what 
they raid was their total 
armament: 30 AK47 rifles, 
one rocket-propdled grenade 
and one Dmschke self-loading 

Amal* s representatives 
walked out. Not is there much 
that the Syrian Army officers, 
sent south as ceasefire “ob- 
servers”, can do as yet another 
“camps war” starts in Leba- 
non, this time perilously dose 
to the Israeli frontier. 

The Palestinians receive 
help from the Hezbollah 
“Party of God”, which is itself 
opposed to Amai So the 
makings of another long siege 
are under way in the south. 

For weeks now, Palestinian 
sources in the area have been 
reporting that Mr Arafat has 
sent millions of dollars to the 
Sidon bank accounts of lead- 
ing PLO officials to recapture 

the loyalties of Palestinians 
who might otherwise be 
tempted to align themselves 
with pro-Syrian PLO factions. 

Tire guerrilla presence out- 
side Sidon is steadily increas- 
ing, -to the consternation of the 
Lebanese Sunni population of 
the diy. Bn Helwe and Mieh 
Mich camps on the edge of 
Sidon now contain almost as 
many Palestinian guerrillas as 
they did when the Israelis 
invaded Lebanon in 1982. 

Syrian agents in plain 
dothes were in discussion 
with Palestinian officials in 
Sidon yesterday afternoon, 
while their only officer in 
Tyre, a Major Othm an, waited 
for news of another truce. 

About 8,000 Palestinian 
guerrillas were evacuated 
from Beirut in 1982. Mr Salah 
Khalaf head of the PLO's 
“security” section in Tunis, 
claims that 90 per cent of them 
have returned to Lebanon. 
This is almost certainly un- 
true, but there can be no 
doubting that there has been a 
large influx of PLO guerrillas 
here in the past six months. 

In east Beirut yesterday 
there were further — but 
apparently incorrect — reports 
of the discovery of corpses of 
Christian militiamen who in- 
vaded the Christian sector last 
month in an attempt to depose 
Mr Samir Geagea, the Pbalan- 
gjst leader. 

An account ofa mass grave 
containing 21 dead Christian 
gunmen, all shot in the neck, 
seems to have no foundation, 
although there are further 
reports that eye-witnesses 
have seen bodies weighted 
with concrete being dropped 
into the sea off Jounieh. 

More than 60 of Mr Elie 
Hobeika’s Christian rebels 
have disappeared in east Bei- 
rut At least 21 have been 
found shot dead. 

Madrid (Reuter) - Huge 
traffic jams built up on the 
outskirts of Madrid as 
railwaymen began a 24-hour 
national strike to protest 
against long working hours 
and unfair dismissals. 

Kidnap arrest 

Los Angeles (AFP) -- a 
S audi citizen was arrested 
after paying an undercover 
FBI agent more than £3,000 to 
help him kidnap a fellow 
Saudi he said had extorted 
funds in his home country.' 

Children killed 

Tokyo (Reuter) - Five chil- 
dren were killed and four 
injured when a car ploughed 
into a line of 100 school- 
children walking on a road 
south-east of Tokyo. 

Jumbo fossils 

Drugs pact announced 

From A Correspondent, Puerto Valhuta, Mexico 

US and Mexican delegates 
here at the 13-nation con- 
ference of attorneys-general 
from North, South and Cen- 
tral American countries ap- 
peared to be pushing for a 
multi-lateral drive to cut off 
fluids to the drug trade. 

The US Attorney-General, 
Mr Edwin Meese, revealed in 
a discreet press conference 
that the US and Mexico will 
sign a legal assistance treaty 
this year. 

President de la Madrid of 

Mexico and Seflor Garcia 
Ramirez, the Mexican Attor- 
ney-General. in veiled ref- 
erences, appeared to rebuff 
US-based stories that suggest 
the president's cousin, 
Edmundo de la Madrid, and 
Mexico’s Defence Minister, 
Juan Arevalo Gardoqui were i 
involved in drug trafficking. 

duran authorities ■ said they 
had captured an aircraft 
loaded with more than ! 
£700,000 of cocaine, i 

p_. m Mnrrsrv airdwuuifi \jvcuigij — i m 

European Parliament back* 
Jerusalem EEC health vmposs ^ ^ 

punctual to the minute, Mr a i curbing the spread of rabies 
Shimon Poes arrived at the an d called for the increases 
President’s home here at 11 vaccination of animals. 

yesterday morning to hand m „ . 

his goveromert’s resignation Railway Strike 
to Mr Chaim Herzog. It was, 

he said later, a pnorai moment Madrid (Reuter) — Hite 
which strengthened Israeli traffic jams bm^ iip on th< 
teaKrttT^ outskirts of Madrid a- 

It took just 25 minutes to railwaymen began a 24-hou 
comply with the Rotation national strike to prates 
Agreement which brought him against long working hows 
topower 25 months ago and to and unfair dismissals, 
receive the President’s thanks XT* v 4 . 

“in the name of the nat- Kidnap BITCSt 
Ion . . . for the great achieve- ^ (AFP) fi 

ments hebnmght the country Saudi citizen was arrestee 
^ after paying an undercovei 

IfthePremdentsobhgyory FBI agent more than £3,000 tt 
consnHatwim go a* well as heIp him y dnap a feflov 
expected with the leaders ©f 15 ^ said had extorta 

SLK MSSSS funds in his horn, count*; 

iTtef'hS: Children killed 

Minister, will be ready for Tokyo (Reuter) - Five chit 
approval by the Knesset next dren were killed and foui 
Tuesday. injured when a car ploughed 

Mr Peres said he estimated into a line of 100 school 
his that resignation would children walking on a road 
augment the trust in Israel’s south-east of Tokyo, 
regime. With an eye to the #1 

Jumbo fossils 

word can never be trusted, he _ , 

added: “I that a person Manila (AFP) - Elephant! 
such as myself must in the first and rhinoceroses once roamed 
place have a regard for the Manila, according to evident 
good of the country, its needs gained from fossils estimated 
and requirements in gen- to be 2 million years old founc 
end . a democratic regime is near here, 
founded on trust on one’s oral rj 11 ^ 1 -ii 1 a 
word and one’s written wonL KOD 6 IS Kill 10 
“I am very proud I have rat arman fReuteri - Niw 


S? < 5 Sl C riri,? e ^ito l S « 0 W(S d «n tI r t ramS 

susjgsaas *■ “ — 

have headed. I am very proud Diifpli pniiraop 
right now because I do believe DUIUI LUUTagC 
ft will strengthen Israeli The Hague (Reuter) - Of 
democracy. It wfll put an end ficials of the Dutch Far- 
to many sp e c ul a ti o n s and liament drink too much, ac- 
sceptidsm.” ^ cording to an internal report 

Of his ftitore he said: “I that suggests banning bed 
really mean to continue the from office refrigerators and 
peace process and continue to reducing access to alcohol in 
make real and sincere efforts the restaurant and canteen, 
to pacify the situation in the 

Cholera cases 

packed in a hard day’s work. Geneva (Reuter) — AU but 
He had flown in overnight two of the 30 cholera c&ses 
from France on one of those recorded in France since. Au- 
trips th at earned him the E us ^ originated in Algeria, the 
insult of “the flying Prime World Health Organization 
Minister" from Mr Yitzhak 
Modal — an insult for which a • j e ■■ 

Mr Peres sacked the Liberal AlQ IOF ullUfUrY 
leader from his cabinet in twv. 

July. Then he chaired * two- . ^eva (AFP) - QaS- 

Manila (AFP) — Elephants 
and rhinoceroses once roamed 
Manila, according to evidence 
gained from fossils estimated 
to be 2 million years old found 
near here. 

Rebels kill 10 

Dutch courage 

The Hague (Reuter) — Of- 
ficials of the Dutch Par- 
liament drink too much, ac- 
cording to an internal report 
that suggests banning beer 
from office refrigerators and 
reducing access to alcohol in 
the restaurant and canteen. 

Cholera cases 

' Geneva (Reuter) - AH but 
two of the 30 cholera discs 
recorded in France since Au- 
gust originated in Algeria, the 
World Health Organization 

leader from his cabinet in 
July. Then he chaired a two- 
hour meeting for his own 
Labour party. 

United Nations 

Second term for UN chief 

of State in the Defence Min- are prepared to listen with care 
istry, Mr Arun Singh. to India’s point of view. 

The Americans appear to 
have won the race to provide 
India’s Light Combat Aircraft 
project with engine technol- 
ogy. and India nas issued a 
letter of intent to buy the 

Mr Weinberger and his 
party, which includes the top 
officials who .deal with Pak- 
istan’s armament supply, 
leave for Islamabad on 

Weather halts base trip 

From Robert Grieves, Peking 
Bad weather forced the them Britain, have hdd talks 

canceflation of a visit by Mr 
Caspar Weinberger, the US 
Defence Secretary, to China’s 
premier satellite launching 
base yesterday. 

The base is near Xicftang, in 
Sichuan province. Western 
Union, the American commu- 

nications company, has signed 
an agreement with China's 

Great Wall Industry Corpora- 
tion. a subsidiary of foe 

Ministry of Astronautics, to 
have a satellite launched at the 
site by 1988. 

In the past year companies 
from 10 countries, among 

with foe Chinese on satellite 
launches. j 

Mr Weinberger, who hasj 
been on a six-day visit 10 
China, saw a military display 
earlier yesterday at the 
Yangcun military base outside 

He and his party flew on to 
the port dty of Tiaqjin and 
then towards Xichang, but the 
bad weather forced them to fly 
to Kunming, in Yunnan prov- 
ince, where be is to visit a 
submarine torpedo factory to- : 
day. among other military 

From Zoriana Pysariwsky 
New York 

Se&or Javier Pferez de 
CoeUar was yesterday elected 
to serve a second five-year 
term as Secretary-General of 
the Unified Nations at a time 
when the organization feces 
bankruptcy and a deep crisis 
of confidence. 

Many believe be wil] need to 
summon all the skills which 
make up the trade of diplo- 
macy, and then some, if the 
UN is tosnrvire. 

His agreement to carry on 
marks an end to a diffident 
candidacy which left the UN 
membership in constant doubt 
over his intentions. 

An expressed desire to re- 
tire and keep to the promise 
that he was a one- term sec- 
retary-general was met with 
displeasure when reporters 
took Mm at his word. 

For the five permanent 
members of the Security 
Council — Britain, France, 
China, foe United States and 
the Soviet Union — who are 
uncomfortaUe with the very 
idea of change, five more years 
of Sedor Pfcra de CnHlar are 
welcome. His discreet style of 
diplomacy is well regarded by 
the five. 

Seflor Pdrez de Cn&art 
derision not to nm in the 
strictest sense for a second 
term, but to make fairly cer- 
tain that the Council would 
draft him, speaks volumes of 
his aversion to anything 
smacking of politics. 

Yet many believe his qnin- 
tessentially diplomatic ap- 
proach to international prob- 
lems, devoid of any risk-taking 
or grand gestures, with foe 
exception of his arbitration of 
the Rainbow ^Warrior dispute 

Martens In jeopardy 
over language row 

sic Aid concert staged here on 
September 30 has so for raised 
more than £333.000 for the 1 1 
million refugees in the care of 
foe Geneva-based UN High 
Commissioner for Refugees; 
A similar concert is planned 
for London next spring. ' 

Mr Perez de CuflUan elected 
fora second term 
between France amt New Zea- 
land - where the two parties 
simply chose to use Jiim to 
save their feces — has stood u 
the way of a concrete Success. 

While there is no denying 
that the Secretory-General is a 
supreme ' diplomatic tedt- 
nirian, able to come up with 
brilliant blueprints and work 
out intricate formulas for striv- 
ing' the most intractable dis- 
putes, be is fruited for lacking 
the political drive that is often 
necessary to give negotiations 
that Seal push. As one dip- 
lomat put it “He is no good at 

As a result, his first term in 
office included a catalogue of 
conflicts that were almost 
resolved. They include the 
FaDdands conflict in 1982, 
which provided him with a 
baptism of fire, and foe Cy- 
pras dispute, which came 
within am inch of a break- 
through in January 1985. 

Some observers believe he 
too readily took no for an 
answer from Argentina and 
the Greek Cypriots respec- 

fage of their weaknesses as 
any good polJticiaa might 

Many observers befeye the 
secretary-general may' well 
preside over the collapse of the 
United Nations doing his 
second term. 

Despite his contention that 
he would not administer an 
insolvent organization, he has 
■accepted a second term with- 
■ont a firm commitment from 
President Reagan that foe US 
would end its debilitating pol- 
icy of withholding funds. 

. The financial crisis has 
prompted an argent attempt at 
reform which may save the 
organization, but the serious- 
ness of foe situation is under- 
scored by reports that foe UN 
Development Programme has 
drawn up contingency plans to 
continue ftmetioning should 
the UN political naHtityw * 

Admirers of foe secretary- 
general say he has steered the 
UN from its image as a rabid 
anti-Western forum carried 
away with detasfcms of self- 
importance. They daim his 
judkfeus approach to disputes ! 
has prompted an acceptance of i 
the UN’s limitations and In- 
spired a resourcefulness to 
work around them. 

They point out that his 
greatest achievment has been 
to retain foe trust of aD the 
antagonists who have accepted 
his good offices. 

Sedor Pteez de Cuellar, who 
was 67 in January, prefers to 
conduct diplomacy at a stately 
pace. He is approaching the 
office of seoetary-gmeral 
with new vigour after heart 
bypass surgery in July, but 
thoe are no signs that has new 
term will witness any 

From Richard Owen, Brussels 
politicians and but not a Belgian MP, is not 
yesterday warned significant enough to cause a 
i Martens, the coalition crisis. 

Flemish politicians and 
newspapers yesterday warned 
Mr Wii fried Martens, the 
Prime Minister of Belgium, 
that his fragile coalition gov- 
ernment faces a political crisis 
over the language conflict 
between the Dutch and 
French-speaking populations. 

The row could lead to the 
fall of Mr Martens, Belgium’s 
longest serving post-war 
prime minister. The crisis 
came to a head on Thursday 
when Mr Jose Hap pari, the 
sacked mayor of a French- 
speaking region who refuses to 
speak Dutch (or Flemish), was 
involved in a fight in the 
Belgian national Parliament 
in Brussels. 

Mr Martens, a Flemish- 
speaking Christian Democrat 
who heads a Centre Right 
coalition, has consistently 
maintained that Mr Happart, 
a farmer and Euro-MP and 
until recently a local mayor. 

Remains home 

Last week’s decision by the 
Council of State confirming 
the dismissal of Mr Happart 
as mayor of the Fourons 
raised tempers to boiling 

Mr Happart, who is anti- 
Flemish and refuses 10 admit 
be understands Dutch (al- 
though he does), has suc- 
ceeded in re-igniting a lan- 
guage row which is beginning 
10 resemble the bitter and vio- 
lent language disputes of ear- 
lier decades. 

Paris (AFP) - The remains 
of French soldiers killed in. 
Indo-China were repatriated 
from Vietnam in a ceremony 
at Roissy Airport attended by 
M Jacques Chirac, the Prime 
Minister, and other cabinet 

Militant jailed 

Warsaw (AFT*) - Mr 
Andrzej Bieganski. a former 
militant member of Solidar- 
ity. has been jailed for 10 years 
for sabotaging a Polish power 

Mr Charles Ferdinand 
Nofoomb, the Interior Min- 
ister. who comes from the 
French-speaking Christian So- 
cial party, angered Flemish 
parties by challenging Mr 
Happart’s dismissal and hav- 
ing the case referred to the 
Supreme Court. 

Family escape 

Berlin (AP) - Bavarian 
officials reported a successful 
escape to the West by an East 
German family of four 
through the heavily fortified 

Charges filed 
against Nazi 
trial jurists 

Freed captive 
complains of 
sexual abuse 

Impeach move 

Quito, Ecuador (Reuter) — 
Ecuador’s Congress cleared 
foe way for possible impeach- 
ments of ministers of the 
conservative Government of 
Leon Febres Cordero. 

Fran John Fjigfrmd 

Three judges and two prose- 
cutors at a Nazi war crimes 
trial at Bochum are soon to 
face charges of fiddling their 

They are alleged to have put 
in £12,280 of false claims for 
trips to gather evidence in a 
case against a former SS 
sergeant who was. jailed for 
three years in January 1985 
for helping to murder jews in a 
Polish ghetto. 

Zamboanga, Philippines 
(Reuter) — A Swiss tourist 
freed yesterday by Muslim 
captors after being held for 
almost three months said he 
had been badly treated and 
sexually abused. 

Mr Hans Koinzlu aged 45. 
from Zurich, was brought to 
Zamboanga City from the 
island of Sakul and taken 10 
hospital in a state of shock. 

Mr fCunzii was kidnapped 
by a faction of foe separatist 
MorO National Liberation 
' Front . 

200 drown 

Dhaka — More than 200 
people were drowned when an 
overcrowded ferry capsized on 
foe River Kajla in western 

Clean grain 

Washington (Reuter) —The 
US Congress, responding to 
concerns that American grain 
>s of inferior quality, adopted 
a measure that woifoT- bar 
addition of foreign material or 
rubbish to shipments. 


Nairobi (Reuter) - Ghana 
closed its eastern bonier with 
.Togo after Togo accused 
Ghana of involvement in an 
attempt to overthrow Presi- 
dent Eyadema. 

Delhi (Reuter) - Sixty-eigfat 
people died when a bus 
plunged 70ft from a bridge at 
Jajmau in northern. India and 
fell onto an island in the 

Strasbourg (Reuter) - The 
European Parliament backed 
EEC health proposals aimed 
at curbing the spread of rabies 
and called for the increased 
vaccination of animals. 

Catarman (Reuter) — Nine 
soldiers and a civilian were 
killed and at least 21 troops 
wounded in a communist 
rebel ambush in foe central 

. Ai 

' *V r ** 

f tS *lfnin|; 



October 11-17 


A weekly guide 
to leisure, entertainment 
and the arts 

Y uppy love or the real thing ? 

_ it’s German it 
must be the best - 

that’s t he image, 
but is it the truth? 
In the week before 
the Motor Show 
Bryan Appleyard 
looks under the 

bonnet of a ve ry 
cunning campaign 

A few years ago Audi 
did some market 
research. Tell us, 
they astral tKe 
name ofTmkke 
tjerman car. The answer was 
always Mercedes or Volks- 
wagen. Tell us another, they 
said. Then came BMW. What 
about Audi? the researchers 
asked. Are they German? 
came the response. 

This upset John Meszaros, 
the marketing manager for 
Aud i-V olkswagen. He told his 
advertising agency to come up 
with an Audi campaign which 
said simply and unforgettably: 
“This car is German”. Thus 
was bom the Vorsprung durch 
Technik campaign — known 
by some as the Deutschland 
liber alles manoeuvre. 

The point is that being 
German is unquestionably the 
biggest advantage any 
upmarket motor can have. 
Italian machines may go fast 
and drive well but everybody 
thinks they rust or breakdown. 
The French have something of 
the same feeling combined 
with a certain wilful eccentric- 
ity. The Japanese are all very 
well but the image is strictly 
downmarket. The British, 
meanwhile, have destroyed 
one of the marques which 
really mounted a threat in this 
market — Rover — while the 
Rolls has become far too 
vulgar. Jaguar is fine but, as 
for the rest .... 

No. the feet is that the 
average yuppy cannot afford 
to have anything other than a 
German car (the American- 
owned Opel doesn’t count). 
Even if he does stray towards 
another nationality, be win be 
on the defensive in the cock- 
tail bar. Furthermore he will 
be forced to defend his pur- 
chase against the German car 
marketers — a Toyota may be 
as reliable as a Merc, as nippy 
as a Golf or as aerodynamic as 
an Audi but, deep down, he 
knows he has blundered. 

Creating and sustaining this - 
image has been one of the 
most spectacular marketing 
feats in recent years. Its effect 
is so potent that the names of 
Mercedes, Porsche, Audi and 
BMW are possibly the only 

ones in the world which 
require no further qualifica- 
tion- to evoke yuppy peer 
approval. You cannot just say 
“Ford” in the cocktail bar, you 
have to have Escort Cabriolet 
or, in extreme cases. Granada 
Scorpio 2.8i 4x4. 

. The ancestry of this image 
lies clearly- in the German 
reputation for engineering ex- 
cellence, a reputation that goes 
back at least 100 years. But in 
Britain it was an image always 
allied with a certain coldness 
and with the qualification, 
before the war at least, that 
German cars were good only 
by foreign standards. In those 
days Mercedes were sold in 
Park Lane by. men in white 
coats in competition with 
Rolls, Bentleys and Hispano- 

After the war German im- 
ports of afl goods were kept 
out until 1953, and when the 
marques did reappear on our 
roads their numbers were 
insignificant. They were 
driven strictly by specialists 
and, in the case of Mercedes, 
the very rich. But in the 1960s 

the British car industry gently 
crumbled. It failed to grasp 
either the mass market or the 
executive market and was in 
no condition to exploit the 
company car explosion that 
occurred from the mid-1970s. 
In addition Jaguar was going 
through its near-fetal quality 
control crisis. - 
This left the multi-nationals 
to mop up the bulk sals and 
the Germans to abscond with 
the whole quality end. The 
way they did this was either a 
masterpiece' of timing or the 
most incredible luck, depend- 
ing on your point of view. The 
key was the driver. 

I n essence, American cars 
are living rooms on 
wheels- They were de- 
signed to drift intermi- 
nably along the four-lane 
biacktops. A British quality 
car had something of the same 
image but was more of a 
clubroora than a Living room 
— varnished mahogany, pun- 
gem leather and a general air 
of excluding the outside 

The Germans never quite 
understood this. Indeed 
Mercedes was at one stage 
baffled when its British opera- 
tion requested wood on the 
dashboard and even carpets, 
for heaven’s sake. To the 
Germans acarisacarisacar 
— and what do you want 
'carpets fox? 

. There are two points about 
company cars: first, they are 
occupied solely by the driver 
and second, although lots of 
dever rational thinking goes 
into what make is bought, the 
final decision is as foil of 
emotion as any other. In the 
1970s the functional became 
chic and nobody employed 
chauffeurs any more. The 
driver was what counted and 
he wanted a car that showed 
how smart he was about 
machinery. In this context the 
BMW curved dashboard be- 
came the most significant 
styling innovation of the de- 
cade. Instruments were re- 
vealed only to the driver in 
stark contrast to the old 
symmetrical distribution of 
dials across a wooden dash. 

All this also provided a 
powerful marketing response 
to the Japanese approach or 
bolting on dozens of extras. 
The certainty spread that the 
quality of these marques was, 
as it were, concealed — it 
sprang from the deep mys- 
teries of road-holding, direc- 
tional stability and so on. Such 
virtues were intrinsic so even 
the cheapest BMW — the 316 
— had them in abundance. 
The 316 became desirable 
even though the smart critics 
have pointed out that it is little 
more than a well screwed- 
together Cortina. And, of 
course, it looksa bit like every 
other BMW. The smart thing 
among German and now Brit- 
ish 316 buyers is to request a 
car without the numbers on 
the boot — that way the owner 
of a red-hot 3231 can’t be sure 
whal's under your bonnet 

The advertising of all the 
makes now feeds this whole 
complex of hidden virtues. 
Paint jobs, suspension and 
engine build are dribbled into 
the copy in just sufficient 

quantity to provide all the 
“post-purchase rationaliza- 
tions” the yuppy needs in his 
cocktail bar. It is all de- 
liriously ludicrous — as if 
anybody bought a Porsche for 
those reasons. 

T he prizf for the most 
arrogant posture 
goes to BMW — 
“Enough said" was 
the only text on an 
ad showing a detail ofa boot — 
while Audi goes for a degree of 
wit to offset the old suspicion 
of Teutonic coldness. 
Mercedes is all calm superior- 
ity while Porsche goes for 
technology and the sensuous 
gratification of speed. It 
works: the four companies 
continue to increase their 
share of the expanding British 

All the companies occupy 
large, weirdly clean buildings 
about SO miles from London. 
BMW and Porsche are both 
just off the M4 near Reading 
while Mercedes and Audi- 
Volkswagen face each other 
across a roundabout in Milton 

Keynes. Porsche has the slick- 
est architecture, all grey steel 
and marble. 

“We think the building says 
the same things as our cars” 
says the startlingly urbane 
John Aldington of Porsche. 

“We get instructions from 
Germany that the cars here 
and in our showrooms must 
stand on blade tiles and be 
aligned with them.” says Ray- 
mond Playfoot at BMW’s 
faintly Bauhaus-Iike 

“It was originally built for 
Vauxhall," says Erik Johnson 
of Mercedes, sadly, at the 
Milton Keynes building. 

“Let me tell you where 
BMW got it wrong ..." says 
John Meszaros at Audi. 

The buildings, like the men 
and like the cars, resemble 
comic-book futuristic alien 
invaders. They know they are 
superior but they know their 
best tactic is to blend in with 
the locals. They have had mild 
worries like the long-awaited 
new Jaguar, launched this 
week, or the possibility of a 
backlash against German styl- 
ing and towards something a 
liule less aggressive. But, by 
and large, they know for the 
moment their powers are al- 
most limitless. Whatever 
monster emerges from Stutt- 
gart or Munich they can 
persuade us that it is beautiful 
and desirable — the only way 
for a car to be. Enough said. 

QTlmu Newspapers Ltd 1888 


Blues clues: reviews 
of the latest rock, 
and jazz records, 
paperbacks and 
Arts Diary -p 13 

Arts Diary 






Out and About 9 















Rock & Jazz 






Eating Out 






Times Cook 








A place of your own 
i*Jg Jit on the waterfront 
at Salcombe. 

F or anyone who has ever harboured dreams of 
owning a second home by the sea or a bolt hole 
on the coast, the Marine Quay is the ideal solution. 

For a tiny fraction of its value, you can now 
share in the freehold ownership of the Marine Quay 
as well as enjoy a week’s holiday each year in this 

most sought after seaside town. 

A development of eleven luxurious apart- 
ments each with its own private terrace or balcony, 
the Marine Quay occupies one of the precious few 
remaining sites on the waterfront at Salcombe with 
quite unparalleled views across the estuary. 

For full details of the develo pment and the 
special price enjoyed by Charter 

l^T^H.T^0S^8^^ COmbe ’ ^ 

AUDI: Hie upmarket end of 
the Andi-Volkswagen group. 
A latecomer to the colour 
supplement spreads and the 
golf club chatter. Audi did uot 
really attain its modern form 
until the early 1970s with the 
100 and then moved in 
increasingly revolutionary 
styling directions with curving 
bodies and high boots. 

Because of this late arrival 
marketing has concentrated ou 
technological innovation. 
Once this had been drummed 
into thick yuppy heads, Audi's 
ads grew more wittily ar- 
rogant. One slip in the 

Vorsprung durch Tecknik cam- 
paign is now felt to be the 
em p ha si s on families. Audi 
ads have now swung back to 
the lone, urban cruiser. Cars 
are anti-family. 

The car has a less corporate 
feel than the BMW and in feet 
its fleet sales total about 60 
per cent while BMWs are 
nearer 80 per cent Audi also 
feds it is less ostentatious — 
quite a claim when yon look at 
the fHOOO Coupe Quattro 
with its bulging wheel arches, 
four-wheel drive and 137mph 
fop speed, so handy for nego- 
tiating Mill H31 Broadway. 

BMW: Selling 34,00 cars a 
year in Britain, BMW is the 
real leader of the new German 
marketing wave. Its designs 
are. depending ou your indura- 
tion, either dull or understated 
but its appeal is irresistible. 
Part of the secret is insisting 
that every BMW partakes ofa 
single, mystical fountain of 
quality. So, while the £35,000 
M635CSi may be the aspira- 
tion, yon can climb aboard 
with the £8,000 316. Note the 
numbers — none of 'your 
Fiestas, Fiascos or Maestros 
in this market 
Like Audi there is heavy 

emphasis on spe£d, but here 
the speed is meant to be 
effortless without the stick-ou 
bits required by the “hot 
hatchbacks”. It is possible to 
buy a new BMW that looks 
like a high-speed Christinas 
tree, though that would be to 
miss the point 
The serious problem for the 
future is that since the new 
Mercedes style, BMW is now 
regarded as the dullest-look- 
ing German car. The new big 
BMW has just been unveiled 
at the Paris Motor Show but it 
is the smaller 3 series which 
really needs the revamp. 

Only one 
coffee tastes 
as good as 
Nescafe Gold Blei 


Club Apartment* sJcombe. Devon-. 

MERCEDES: Some 19,000 a 
year sold in Britain. Mercedes 
has been responsible for per- 
haps the most beautiful car 
ever built— the 1954 300 SL— 
and all its designs have. a 
rareness and inevitability that 
no company of any nationality 
has ever matched. 

But it was in serious danger 
of being stranded without a 
yuppy buyer because of its fei^ 

k Toofe-at-me-rve-made-it” im- 
age and its cost. One ad-man 
described its overall image as 
‘‘processional”— yon expect to 
see a couple of police motor- 
cycle outriders every time one 

appears. New styling and the 
smaller — . although not 
cheaper - 190 have kept it 
alive, however, for the know- 
ing yuppy. 

Ho wffl be aware tint 
Mercedes is an all-round car. 
No one aspect of performance 
is stressed. You buy a Merc, 
qnite simply, because it does 
its job well with plenty left to 
spare — none of Audi’s leggy 
women gliders or the 

Porsche machismo. 

The key objection to the 
Merc is a certain — 

but then actually bring the one 
who Y smug Is rather nice. 

PORSCHE: In a way Porsche 
has polled off die most elabo- 
rate marketing feat of them 
aU. For a start nobody nab a 
Porsche — it has massive 
surplus power and barely any 
room inside. Strictly speaking 
it is in die same class as 
superfluous machines like 
Ferraris or Lamborghini^. 

And yet it isn’t Listen to 
somebody doing a spot of post- 
purchase rationalizing on a 
Porsche and he wQl actually be 
stressing its practical qual- 
ities. In fact, of course, there is 
uo practical reason for baying 
Porsche. Analysing this 


phenomenon one drunken eve- 
ning Porsche’s UK executives 
concluded that, whereas most 
fast sports cars are regarded 
as a man’s mistress, they had 
convinced* people that the 
Porsche was his wife. Never- 
theless, when someone buys a 
Porsche the choice is usually 
between car or swimming posi 
Lately more than a hint of 
vulgarity has crept into die 
Porsche image — mainly since 
they were taken up by estate 
agents. For dm moment, how- 
ever, they remain both exotic 
and German and nobody can 
touch that combination. 


. - ' : .. - _ TRAVEL 1 ■ - 

^ ■ .,•«=— ' — — ■ • 

Off ^ife^utia-wcst^Horida coast lies a peaceful escapist xetreat for discerning beachcombers. Ann Morrow roughed it in luxury along with the other hermits 

An immaculate pattern of islands 

The- trouble. with beachcomb- 
hjg'.by the Qalf of Mexico is 
tft£t you neva-.getA-rainutfe to 
yotuself. 'These barrier islands 
ofcjGiith west Florida have 
deserad mites of glittery sand, 
bat- there: -is always some 
distraction.' --v; 

4C<it not -i: Jlock of 
sandpipers; dancing ahead of 
yQur'-barctees,. then . it’s . a 
white herOn showing youhow 
he cin sjzn&'-oa' one leg. and 
stiff be stately. ‘.Al temau vejy. , 
there- could be the- whoosh of 
laughing gulls tumbling on the 
water as 'they tease the 

And. if you -sit-down for a 
second by those' hazy green 
Australian pines and tama- ' 
rinds, the upturned shells of ■ 
mother of pearl, cats’ paws 
and . angels’ wings, winking - 
with foam are hresistibie. a qiiiet snack on 
iheftalcony afid coconuts keep 
plopping down from the 
palms and blue kingfishers - 
dart, in and out of the jasmine 
add sweet gardenias; the dar- 
ing dip their wings dan- 
gerously close to -the fresh 
pmpapple. . 

The evenings can be just as 
busy. Try to get-away from all 
decisions, and someone asks if ' 
you want horseradish in your 
Bloody Mary.- Opalescent fish 
keep cresceming out of the 
unruffled blue water, watched 
by those custodians of the 
bleached jetties, the pelicans. 

’Anyone who has ever 
experienced a cold or even 
cloudy -day is welcomed as a 
"snowbird" to Rorida (Span- 
ish for flowery). -Nine hours 

iu & 

'we* ‘ 
* • ’ 

• -4* . • * : 

'J‘- ' 1 '> • •• „ • • 

. J ✓ * * % * * 

< - ..... 

,v ' " jifsi * 


Happy la n d ings for the new boat people: tranquil welcome in Pine Island Sound for off-shore pleasure-seekers and, right, a local bird hanging around thejtetty 


temperature at Tampa in 
October is 84F.1n January 
it drops to 71F. The weatner, 
although mostly fine and - 
sunny, can fluctuate over . 
considerable extremes. In 
winter it rats on avcpge six 

from Heathrow and you catch 
those magic days between 
January and April, unwaver- 
ing blue skies, and enough 
breeze to puff out an egret’s 

Leaving Tampa on ■ the 
Tanfiami Trail south, you 
could picnic on deep fried 
peanuts by the roadside and 
fresh orange juice outside the 
citrus groves — or have a 
Caesar salad with mush- 
rooms, anchovies and crispy 
bacon for under $4, good with 
iced tea. 

Once past Longboat Key, 
you leave the Tamiand Trail 
for the impressive Boca 
Grande Pass, where the tarpon 
run in the spring, providing 
some of the finest big-game 
fishing in the world. 

Here desert life begins in. 
earnest when you abandon the 
can at .sleepy Island Harbour. 
In high spirits at escaping 
from the mainland, the pas- ; 

sengers, tired trendies from 
New York and Connecticut, 
climb aboard a nippy motor 
launch with its gleaming brass 
and dark blue canvas cush- 

T he launch swishes 
along the deep blue 
of Pine Island 
Sound, sheltered on 
either side by rich 
dark green mangrove forests, 
with splashes of marsh pink 
blossom. Palm Island is noth- 
ing but 165 acres of natural 
beauty, two miles of beach 
with wavy sea grass and 
petrified sharks teeth. The 
sprinkling of white and cool 
grey tropical cottages stand on 
stilts, each with a liberating 
wooden staircase leading to 
the sea. 

An American V idea of a 
simple- "beach hut”; has 
thickly carpeted floors, good 
reading lights, pictures on the 
walls, wickerwork furniture, 

dishwasher, television, large 
■fridge, telephone and king-*- 
sized bed. Rocking chairs on 
screened verandahs look out 
over palms, pines and 
stretches of reassuringly sim- 
ple beach. 

Your desert island kit warns 
how tough it will be. Foraging 
for food means a call to the 
island delicatessen at the 
Landings, and a delivery in 15 
minutes. The lazy islamfer 
jumps on the little tram, 
gliding by on a sandy track 
and passing each door every 
half hour. The restaurant at 
the water's edge has an un- 
pretentious menu, but the chef 
from Maine does delicious 
scallops with Chablis and 
spring onions. • 

The return - for all this 
hardship — walking, swim- 
ming. cycling, playing golf and 
tennis — is a fizzy feeling of 
wellbeing. American beach- 
combers make a lot of noise 

about how intrepid they, are 
and how they love the simple 
life. But by the second week, 
some had slipped shoes on 
again and their cheery, tanned 
faces kept popping up in other 
haunts along the coast 

Palm Island is the latest 
project of an amiable Ameri- 
can called Garfield Beckstead, 
an international consultant 
who in 1976, then aged 37 and 
just back from Japan, took a 
fishing boat out fin- a day, and 
came ashore at the pretty 
island of Useppa nearby m the 
tranquil waters of Pine Island 
Sound. He was enchanted. 

Useppa, within the fishing 
grounds of Boca Grande, was 
where chic weekends were 
enjoyed by the Vanderbilts, 
the Rockefellers and Shirley 
Temple. But . in 1929 the 
tarpon and the tuna got their 
own back. Those Izaak Wal- 
ton Qub buddies had gone. 

needing different courage to 
face the Wall Street crash, and 
the island was abandoned. 

Beckstead found the place 
desolate, the cactus vines 
sprawling insidiously over the 
daw-footed bathtubs and the 
tiled swimming pools of the 
tall white houses. 

F or the next three 
years, with only ra- 
coons for company, 
he and his Japanese 
wife struggled with 
tangled weeds and decay to 
restore the island to much of 
its 1920s and 30s old-Florida 
graciousness, and now the 
plantation bouses, with ro- 
mantic latticed arches, are 
alive again. A little Vivaldi 
drifts over the pines, the 
silvery sand is raked every 
day, gardeners stagger along 
carrying enormous fig trees to 
decorate a house for the 

Useppa is an island dub. 
The bouses, individually styl- 
ish, are privately owned, but 
let to discerning travellers. 
There are. of course, other less 
private islands. Just by cross- 
ing the Caloosahatchee River 
you get to Sanibel along 
Periwinkle Way. 

The village of Casa Y Bd 
was discovered by a Victorian 
missionary: the Reverend 
George Barnes, who, when 
driven ashore by storms and 
pirates, decided that' here was 
a realistic Promised Land with 
its wild orchids and giant 
ferns. He built a family house 
on his 23 acres of palm trees 
and beach. Today this is the 
Thistle Inn specialising in 
New Orleans and Creole cook- 
ing. Apartments or 
"efficiencies'* are dotted 
round the pool and restaurant. 

There is a lemon yellow 
hotel in Boca Grande called . 
the Gaspariila Inn which is so 

exclusive, they have oiUynjr 
ccntly been taking guests who J 
have to work fora Ihringiftt- 7 . vertices. An okicofo- 
nial house, dating fronH^- . ’• 
it is like a substantial "old - 
money? family houfe- Vr. y , ' 
Captiva, the Tahiti ‘of tfe - \ 
barrier islands, is barely five* v 
miles long . and haJf-*-pflieJ 
wide- a charming stretch bfi 
red mangrove trees by dig » 
Rorida Reefe Roseate spodA^ 
bills perch on sand bars \.\ 
your boat takes' yob to Sofia - 
Seas Plantation -and an 6MU ; V 
Florida inn. . 

Before the beachcomber c*a; .. 
even touch a piece of fresh- - \ 
baked Armenian bread -ante' 
Kings Crown, he most state * 
the sand off his feet and wear . 
some clothes. Once an old 
lime warehouse, this fe$- 
taurant has soft light from .: 
leaded glass lamps ondting? >■ 
the polished beams ayerhcsi, 
where paddle fens whirr. S(Mp-: 
spoons are chilled in readiness- - 
for their union with cold sent! - -*■ • ' 
soup and eventual journey tb. 1 
sunburnt lips. Walking wir- ;• 
side after dinner, a peQcan- , 
silhouetted in the moonlight for - 

almost too -perfect. -r.y . -(L - - 

But Palm Island is' fer - !/•*' 
pilgrims. It only opened up a- 1 

year ago. but ft will never jgn .1 
crowded Two thirds of tte> ..V 
island win be preserved inifs'n 
natural state and there is a fine - 
of $300 if you pick a sea oat : 

The result is unique: 
capism, soft and languid - 

The “Sinatra set" stifi pnSn : 
the east coast The trouble" 
with south-west Rorida, they- - . ,t 
say. is that it is too quiet Yon ; - - 

hear nothing but die lapping - 
of the waves. Why, au-that 
peace could drive you crazy. : 


Parr Am Ry/Drtva, 193 : ' V. v 

pjccadiliv, London W1 (01-409. - 
3377) offer APEX flights 
midweek to Miami or Tampa'. 
for £369, additional tax Eli. ::- 
Hire car for a small two-door:. ‘ 
is £30 per week. Petrol costs: ; 
between $1.60 and $1.80 per. : 
gallon. : 

Further details on Useppa wifi-' i 
Palm Island from 7092 Ptaada 
Road, Cape Haze. Rorida ? 
33946 (813 697 4600). ys : 
For other islands. Holiday fit 
America, 73 High Street, 

Ewell, Surrey KT17 TRW (01 
3930127). . ■ 





SsaFonlyMoneysavosto l3dBSfinrtkmsinSpain.«AiHnctuslVB, no extras to pay. 

• Slay 6 nights- 1 month. •Scheduled daytime flights- no consolidations. 

• Daily departures from Heaffrow and Manchestec • Full d^sls and instant 
compute reservations from yourlATA travel agent 
O riig toeria London (01) 437 5622 (30 BnesX Birmingham (02T) 643 1953, 
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All major aedtf cards accepted. 

OUOY MMMUItt wMMrr, ui romfoii CMMfNHi 
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Trillin . 



The Bahamas. 






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l^th Di-vcmtx-r onh 
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Ist/Bnsiiwn 01438 3444 




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Autumn and 
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Week-ends or weeks, 
honeymoons or second 
honeymoons ... discover 
the MajpcorimJyjs 
romanuedues in autumn 

Indulge you reelf in a 
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Cj 1I(D-7WM49 for your 
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^ uciawcty lium iidJi 

through a hole in this page fpj g^gB 

brochure oriF^rAvvayHo«days,plus the address ofyour nearest S3k Cut 

Africa.-theSeycheBes, the Carfcbean, the Far East Seven the.Amazon. 
Cut thecouponnowor telephone Petersfield |0730)652fi 
YES. Please send me a free full-colour brochure. 



To: Silk Cut Fhr Away Holidays, P.O. Box 46, 
Hotmslow, Middlesex TW46NF. TM , A 














(0883) 45267 

(24itr answering srrrkr/ 



Opera Season 
Winter 1986/87 

Z3. or 4 nights inducting visit 
to Vienna State Opera 
Full feat* 

PHfip Stem Trawl 

YT Haw St, HurUor, Devon 
Teh 0404/44191 ASIA 


autumn breaks 

Srr n», n ut*V0X M 

Ib ittooMtar um * am at Be 

"»1S BI,M » IB!*" 

Bntmxno M^OKOtaHm 
•w««i D«rtj(*«iOies» Bar TV 
Uw«LaBf»B t iiu n r eta niiV 
at’nesOSfi* ruHnn 


TO: (0848)771782 

swaetl p<K4no: donous 
*M and National Tiua 
Nw nsdent ownrs 
die BxceUen lush fobd. nood - 

wk md tianqp* comtat. to- 


Manor House Hotel 
Wosbery, Devon 

Fanrtr im hotel AA/RAC". All 
rooms ensute. col lv. babv 6s- 
»w 0- HM pool, own pounds, 
dose sea. nil a la carta end 
aegetanaa mew. Lie. bar. 


CLOVELLY (82373) 388 




haveyoor family waited 
on this Christmas and re- 
lax in the heart of the 
Suffolk countryside? The 
centuries old Mill at Sud- 
bury is now a welcoming 

3 star hold with warm- 
ing log fires. Our 4 day 
Christmas break includ- 
ing ail meals and 
entertainment is only 
£325 per person, with re- 
duced rates Ibr children. 
Please telephone us for 
more details on Sudbury 
(0787) 75544. 



Country house hotel, approx 1 
mta finm-lnvarness on AS2. Se- 
Chjfcd in Six acres at woodlands 
and (jardens. ottering a very 
hgh Standard of comfort, ser- 
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domain park hoth. 

Djmxthi Park, Inverness, 
ScotJsod, 0483 230512 



Tta old world preserved with the 
tanny of an sute rooms 8 colour 
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Good food, good entqnny 
Tel Lanreatti 0503 20312 

FANCY a wrrtrad away? SAC to 
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Vecandn Odober/Nove nib er 

Book cl 


Ten a get away break 
aytme in Jfovenibw at Ore 
Rutland Ams Hotel. 

BaheweB. Special accom- 
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person per nJgW. mtnjmvn 2 
nights. Meal to be tatenn ~ 
d» resraeant at extra 

Btagfor broch u re 
and meflu 

Special rates 

We at die Rutland Arms Hotel,-. 

BakeweN Hwraustey gnw OS ■ TJ 
tneatmal Xmas: Nrathaasi'ihi '■ 
heart id die twsutrtnf Prati. J 
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- 24lli-zni Dacamber - ’ 

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Lhaa Crrv Will ai aSi 3094 

E l u * Ai 

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sea CennxB Wawg. col TVs. 
Him. garages an) more. 

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even bath! 

Austria. France andSwitzcriand k». 


AM prwrararooof tmijti enttruimneotand fits cbacnuioc far efl 
the bnily m the iradiiional sunonbere of a four star country brtd. 
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Trusthouse Forte Hotels 


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Party politics in Burgundy 

— the grape 

harvest in and 

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Burgundians haw m«-T- 
Portant foin® ^ “J° re *"*• 

s d s°sis 

die ground, 

JS5~ «-w5 .Sa* 

Xre is^S 

flourish angle .vine might 
• * ?ew places are at their best 


®S?MchfSlsofv5K f ^ U h ‘ 

. Sffl , S"« f - 4 -SSS 

VKIl d* e 9 vers PiU of the 
Ej^fgn wine lake. Beneath 
s0 . me L ° f foe world’s 
nnesi wines while away their 

lKk ,n 0001 ^yriniine 
Men whose noses are sure of 

nuances of raspberry and truf- 
ne^men precise in the lucid 
abstractions that desaibe 
woes as supple, labour in the 
fragrant depths, tasting, test- 
ing, nursing the harvests of 
summers long past. Their 
confidence is solid. “It does 
not matter how high the price 
ofa bottle of say, Chablis. rises 
as tong as when it is opened - 
be it once a week or once a 

year —it does not disappoint.” 

*' I would not argue with that. 
Spring does not hurry into 
the walled vineyards of FIxin, 
Aloxe-Corton, and Gevrey- 
Chambeitin. In May the com- 
plicated patchwork of garden- 
sized holdings is bardy misted 
with the green of bursting 
buds. By November the earth 
is showing through again, 
golden brown in the bluer 
mists of autumn. It is now, 
when the harvest is in and the 
great oak casks brim with 
promise, that Burgundy 

Invitations to Les Trois 
Glorieuses, the three-day hash 
held annually on the third 
weekend of November, are 
prized; and like many another 
good party, it is not easily 
crashed. For the opening ban- 
'll quet on Saturday given- by-La 
Confirerie des Chevaliers -du 
Tastevin at their headquarters 
in the Chateau du Clos de 
Vougeot the rig is smoking, 
the costume not the habit, ana 
insignes de I’ordre. If new 
members are admitted for 
their public relations pull 
rather than their knowledge of 
wine, the distinction is blurred 
in the noisy bonhomie of the 

Sunday is the day for seri- 
ous business and the 
centrepiece of the event, 
which is the great public 
auction of fine wines pro- 
duced on the lands of the 


Scenes of celebration; Beaune’s medieval Hotel Dies, where the great wine anctioa used to t ak e place; and the Chateau 
. dn Clos de Vougeot, below, headquarters of the Chevaliers do Tastevin and the setting for foe opening banquet 


I flew British Caledonian (01-668 4222) to Paris - the 
airline's cheapest fare is the 1278 return Superpex — 
and travelled from Paris to Dijon by train. The TGV 
does the journey in 100 minutes and costs from 
£25.60 return. For details contact French Railways, 
179 Piccadiny, London W1V OAB (01-409 1224). 

For a short stay the Hdtsl de la Cloche in central 
Dijon, 14 Place Darcy, 21000, Dijon (80-30 12 32) 
offers comfort and efficiency from £50 a night for a 
double room. 

For a more leisurely visit, Vacances en Campagne, 
Bignor, near PuJ borough, West Sussex RH20 1QD 
(07987 366) has a selection of seif-catering 
accommodation in the area ranging from simple 
apartments to larger houses. The Individual 
Travellers Company (of the same address) offers 
larger-scale accommodation through its Chfttsaux en 
Franoe programme. 

Hospices de Beaune. It used to 
be held in the Hotel Dieu, the 
magnificently tiled hospital 
and house of the poor built 
midway through the 15th 
century by a wealthy chan- 
cellor to the Dukes of Bur- 
gundy. John the Fearless and 
Philip the Good. 

Now the television cameras 
set up early in the market 
buirding across the street The 
crowd outside stamps its feet 
and blows steamy breath on 
the windows. As rwo-thirty 
approaches, buyers arrive to 
nil reserved chairs in front of 

the Auctioneers. Fur and cash- 
mere are worn off the shoul- 
der. The cigars smell 
wonderful even through the 
miasma of the season's most 
aggressively promoted scent 
The early lots go for fabu- 
lously inflated sums which 
purchase a moment’s newsreel 
feme before the prices settle 
and the sale drones on into the 
early darkness. 

Monday heralds the longest 
lunch of the year, the pauleede 
Mersault to which the 
winemakers, n£gociants, 
elevateurs and smallholders 

bring the best of their bottles. 
-They arrive carrying bottles in 
their armC bottles in baskets, 
bottles in boxes. There are 
new, cleanly labelled bottles, 
dusty, never labelled bottles, 
and bottles the like of whose 
contents most of us will never 

They are there to taste each 
other's efforts, to share, to 
carp, to praise and to cele- 
brate. An enormous Belgian 
sitting next to me scored the 
dozens of wines he sampled in 
points out of ten. He offered 
me everything that won eight 

or more marks on bis system, 
bunch started ai‘ 12 J 0 -and 
ended at seven. It wasa party 
to savour. 

In Dijon Market on Tues- 
day morning the stallholders 
covered their vegetables with 
newspapers against the frost. 
Wild boar, pigeons and pheas- 
ants had arrived to add warm, 
winter colours to the greenery 
of leeks and cabbages. Sum- 
mer fruits had finished and so 
had summer’s visitors. The 
traders assumed one had 
come to buy not to gawp, and 
it was a pleasure, to oblige. 

, ..... i - 


Book early for summer discounts 

Major travel agency chains are, 
offering discounts to cus- 
tomers who make early book- 
ings for 1 987 summer package 

Lunn Poly, which has more 
than 200 branches throughout 
Britain, is mailing vouchers to 
seven million households 
which give discounts of £10 
per person on holidays of 12 
nights or more and up to £25 
on long-distance holidays with 
most major operators. 

_ -,r 




“The Cultural Experience" 

FBi warty tl» itt** Bn** 1 h *® ““tr® 80 

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y, I, — — — — 

There are also cuts of up to 
£200 on selected cruises and 
up to £40 on long-haul flight 
tickets. The only proviso is 
that bookings have to be made 
by December 24 and travellers 
must buy Lunn Poly’s own 
holiday insurance policy. 

Another agency chain. 
Frames, is giving discounts of 
£10 on European summer 
holidays of seven nights' dota- 
tion or more booked before 
December 3i. 

Meanwhile, the indications 
are that the average price of 
overseas holidays next year 
will show little or no increase. 
Thomson Holidays, the larg- 
est operator, says it will be 
offering 750,000 holidays next 
summer at or below 1986 

Supersonic Santa 

Concorde flights to Finnish 
Lapland on Christmas Day 
are being operated by Canter- 
bury-based Goodwood 
TraveL Passengers fly . from 
Heathrow to Rovaniemi for a 


hectic programme which in- 
dudes a visit to Santa Claus 
village, an Arctic Circle cross- 
ing ceremony, reindeer sleigh 
rides and a 50-dish Lapp-styie 
Christmas lunch before 
returning home the same eve- 
ning. Price is £969. 

• Day trips from London 
to Benin every Sunday 
throughout the Winter are 
being marketed by. German 
TounsiFarifities. The £69 
package includes the return 
flight from Gatwick with 
Dan- Air, a two-hour 
sightseeing tour of foe city 
and a buffet lunch. The flights 
will operate each week 
between November 2 and 
March 29. Information 
from travel agents or from 
GTF on 01-229 2474. 
Channel pride 

Two new super-ferries are to 
be introduced by Townsend 
Thoresen on its Dover-Calais 

sailings next year. The re- 
cently-launched 20 . 000 - ton 
Pride of Dover and its sister 
ship Pride of Calais will carry 
2300 passengers — double the 
capacity of existing femes — 
and up to 650 cars. Crossing 
time will be 75 minutes, 
claimed to be 15 minutes 
fester than rival vessels. 

Another ferry operator, 
DFDS Seaways, mil be up- 
grading its service on the 
Haiwicb-Hamburg route next 
year with the introduction of 
13,000-ion Kronprins Harald, 
which is twice the size of the 
vessel currently used. 

Speedbird packages 

Many long-distance holidays 
wiU be cheaper* in 1987. 
according to Speedbird, one oj 
the leading specialist op- 
erators. The company has cut 
the price of some packages to 
the Far East, with holidays in 
Thailand next summer re- 
duced by up to £125 on this 
year’s prices. Other Speedbird 
price cuts in 1987 include a 

two-week holiday in Penang at 
£770 compared with £855 this 
year ana two weeks in Bali 
coming down from £876 to 

Winter favours 

V 1 „ 

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Winter Breads in 



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For Italy -it has tope Cftafia. 
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3-5 LansdOMW Road, Croydon CR91LL 

Bargain-price travel within the 
USA is offered by Trans 
World Airlines under its 
“Winter Airpass” scheme 
which allows passengers to 
make up to four flights be- 
tween any of. the 60-plus 
points on its US domestic 
network for a flat-rate £98. 
Coupons for two extra flights 
can be bought at £25 each. The 
Airpass is valid between 
November 1 and March 31, 
apart from the Thanksgiving, 
Christmas and New Year 
periods, and has to be bought 
at least seven days before 
arrival in the States. 

• Low-cost charter flights 
to the United States are 
bang operated by 
American Aiiplan rtifa 
autumn and winter. Return 
toes from Gatwick tt> New 
York start at £199 fer 
departures between December 
28 and March 15, 
returning between January 17 
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oow and December 16 priced 
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Information: 0932-246166. 

Down under deals 


on the Iron Duke 

Nigel Andrew views with awe — and some mirth — the ornate 

interior of the Duke of Wellington’s Apsley House 

Inner-city riots sue nothing 
new to London. One hundred 
and fifty years ago the mobs 
were on the rampage, their 
aim electoral reform, their 
principal target the Duke of 
Wellington's Apsley House. 
On the night of April 27. 1831 
- two days after the death of 
the Duchess — they smashed 
every window at the from of 
the house. 

After that the Duke had 
bullet-proof iron shutters fit- 
ted. keeping them perma- 
nently closed and never even 
repairing the broken glass. In 
later years, when his die-hard 
opposition to Reform was 
forgotten and be was once 
more the national hero, he was 
often followed home fry an 
admiring throng. He would 
turn, as be arrived ai the gates, 
bow, and point grimly np at 
those iron shutters. 

The splendid railings are the 
only fortification now. Behind 
them stands the golden-brown 
porii coed mansion which was 
once known as “No 1, 
London”, because of its po- 
sition as the first bouse after 
the Knighisbridge toll-gate — a 
“prime site” if ever there was 
one. with fine views over the 
parks and beyond. 

Now it is just pan of (be 
muddle of pompous buildings 
and monuments that mark 
Hyde Park Corner. The roar of 
the traffic is everywhere, but 
one of the first things you 
notice about the house is now 
relatively silent it is. Another 
is that it is very, very grand. 
On show here is not the 
private Wellington, but the 
public man: it is a house 
designed for grand occasions 
and for the display suitable to 
a Duke and a hero. To that 
end. Wellington. had what was 
originally an elegantly simple 
brick house by Robert Adam 
enlarged and much altered. 
His architect. Benjamin Wy- 
att added the big Corinthian 
portico, cased the whole build- 
ing in Bath stone, and com- 
pletely remodelled the 
interior. The result was a final 
bill for £64,000 — which did 
not please the Duke — and a 
house that is certainly impres- 
sive. almost to excess. 

The succession of grand 
ornate interiors can become 
too much of a good thing and 
the visible remains of Adam's 
original scheme are very wel- 
come. The most lavish room 
[4s the huge Waterloo Gallery, 
designed to. show off the 
Duke's collection of paintings, 
and to accommodate foe 


1945-63: Fascinating 
exhibition which covers all 
aspects of National Service 
from cell-up. through active 
service, to “demotf '. The 
memorabilia section Includes 


Hold accommodation in 
Australia can be had for only 
£10 per night under a special 
deal devised by Jetabout. a 
subsidiary of foe national 
airline Qantas. For a supple- 
ment of £100 on foe normal 
£835 return excursion fere to 
Australia, travellers can have 
up to !0 nights" accommoda- 
tion at selected hotds mail foe 
major Australian cities, as well 
as Singapore, between March 
1 and June 30 next year. An 
alternative package, priced 
from £1,010, provides _10 
nights' hotel accommodation 
as well as 10 days' car hire. 
Bookings under both these 
schemes have to be made by 
November 30. 

. Philip Ray 


diaries, tropical underwear, 
tins of Brass© and Blanco, 
Aube ran Waugh's battled ress 
and Paul Daniels's pass-out 
plus several tableaux which 
portray the metamorphosis 
from civilian to serviceman. 
Imperial War Museum, 

Lambeth Road, London SE1 

S I -735 8922). Today-May 87. 

on-Sat 10am-560pm, Sun 2- 
5J50pm. Ffe®. 

EXHIBITION: Major event in 
the stamp collector's year with j 
national competitions, some 
350 frames of exhibition 
stamps of which 40 are from 
children, and 115 dealers 
including 12 postal 

RHS Halls, Greycoat Street 
and Vincent Square, London 
SW1. OCt 1471-IOprn, Oct 15- 
8 , IQ-SOam-Tpm. Oct 19, 
I0^0am-6pm. Admission Oct 
14, £3 including catalogue, 

OCt 15-19 £160. 


TRIALS: The 550 entries for 
the weekend include some of 
Britain's top event riders. 
Dressage and cross-country 
start at 9am both days, show- 
jumping from 9.30am. 

Weston Park, Weston-under- 
Uzard, Shtfral, Shropshire 
(0630 81338). Today, ■ 
tomorrow, Sam-late afternoon. 
Admission £5 per car plus an 

end-of-season crafts fair held 
in fine early 18th-century 
house and gardens, famous 
for its coaectfon of historic 
musical Instruments and the 
ices given on them. 
60 stands selling a wide 
range of items. 

Finchcoeks, Goudhuret, Kent 
(0580 211702). Today, 
tomorrow, I1am-6pm. Adult 
£1 SO, child £1. 

Judy Froshang| 

Heroic display, the Waterloo Gallery at Apsley House 

Waterloo Banquets, held ev- 
ery June IS from 1830 to 
W ellington's death in 1852. 

The paintings, which bang 
through much of the house, 
came partly from the Spanish 
royal collections - foe gifts of 
a grateful nation after the 
Peninsular Wars — and in- 

clude major works by Velaz- 
quez (perhaps foe most 
famous is his “The Water- 
Seller of Seville”). Murillo and 

Battle scenes loom large, of 
course, of which foe best 
known is Sir William Allan’s 
big Waterloo canvas, which 
Wellington described as 
“good, very good - not too 
much damned smoke”. Por- 
traits of foe Duke and his 
colleagues are everywhere, 
and there are busts galore. But 
quite foe most extraordinary 
piece of work is foe gigantic, 
wholly absurd nude statue of 
Napoleon, which stands at the 
foot of the stairs. Over 1 1 feet 
talL made in marble by Ca- 
nova. this is one of foe few 

sculptures capable of inducing 
helpless laughter in foe be- 
holder. Even Napoleon wasn't 
pleased with ic he thought it 
was too athletic and foiled to 
’ catch the Emperor's calm 
dignity. It was eventually pro* 
senicd to Wellington by foe 
Prince Regent — presumably 
to cheer him upi 
In scarcely better taste is the 
great Wellington Shield, a 
hugely elaborate affair in siL- 
ver-giit, which cost some 
£15.000 to make (in 1822) and 
was presented to foe Duke by 
the City of London. 

Perhaps most remarkable is 
the astonishing quantity of 
table services with which the 
Duke was presented, in 
commemoration of this or 
that campaign, or as a token of 
esteem. They are in silver and 

S it and fine china from foe 
st factories of Europe, and 
are on an enormous scale — 
not only dozens, or even 
hundreds, of individually 
decorated plates, but immense 
centre-pieces over 20 ft long. 

One impossibly ornate 
assemblage is described as 
“foe single great monument of 
Portuguese neo-classical 
silver”; another is a vast 
complex of Egyptian templet 
modelled in white porcelain. 
Then there are foe huge 
candelabras, and the captured 
French standards, and foe 
vases and foe regalia. 

It is all very grand, and very 
much as it was in the Duke? 
own day — except that the 
shutters have gone, and foe 
windows have been mended. 


Museum) is at f49 
PfccadiWy. London VV1 (01- 
499 5876). Open Tuee-Thurs 
arnLSat 10am-6pm, Sun 

For £21 
you can take a short breaks j 
and a long-term view 

o 0 

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Experience The Osborne lor Just £21 So great aidnomwiyarethf’' 
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of the times 

ES» toSS™? rt W begin- 

^*o need a, less parochial 

British craft 

leaps in to 

new styles and 

Old TWifi? -mChelsea 

leaves its tired 


35PBP 1 ..?.? betause its 

image, behind 

group called the Independent 
Designers Federation has just 
been formed to add to the 

Bill Borland, the founder, 
has been working on the idea 
for three years since he started 
to investigate the American 
idea of Design Marts. These 
are blocks of showrooms. 


SSrirl. *e British 
buys for areas 

toe world. Do^i 

°W*e devotion al han 

Many established artists 
owe their initial success to the 
Chelsea Fair and this year the 
Crafts Council is sponsoring 
24 young craftspeople from 
the regions. The London Col- 
lege of Furniture is showing 
students' work for the first 
time and three galleries. The 
British Crafts Centre, Aspects 
.and Coleridge are showing the 
work of several innovative 
artists in metal, wood, paper 

sometimes 40 storeys high, 
type of trade— 

devoted to one type of trade— 
s, furnishings — 

fashion, textiles, ’ 
giving foe opportunity to the 
prospective buyer to see 
everything in the field in one 

British traders with the 
exception of a few in centres 
such as Hatton Garden, have 
not yet seen the possibililes of 
such an idea, being more 

m&u I 

Spaced on fcshttri chair 
£5W.Q*bea* Oct 15-20 

Bat craftmandnp is some- 
thing dseahti rc- there in 
pleilty. Ttee are more than 
200 spediliAs m furniture, 
textiles,' glass; pottery, 
y.lasfarta and toys, all 

Philippa Pdwefl, who gets no 
subsidy had 'takes no profit 
from giving some of Britain's 
best designer/makers an an- 
nual boost. 

A special point to note this 
year is that the fair is in two 
stages to allow more exhib- 
itors to take part The first is 
from October 1 1 to 1 3 and the 
Second from October 15 to 20. 

Among the most striking 
pieces shown doting the first 
stage are the painted wood 
pieces by Brian fllsley on the 
British Crafts Centre stand 
They look like primitive toys, 
but they are much too cynical, 
sometimes cruel, to be 

Wood features strongly in 
the jewellery section, too, 
either in the pieces themselves 
— inlaid bracelets by Peter 
Chatwin and Pamela Martin 
and a necklace of cone-shaped 
links by Leslie Miller — or as 
complements to metal 
jewellery as in the boxes made 
by Mathew Warwick for Clare 
Murray’s charming and amus- 
ing rings. 

Many young craftsmen get 
their first opportunity to test 
public reaction at Chelsea — 
but what happens when the 
fair is over? How do they keep 
the momentum going? A new 

f v ’ ■ 

BaNff • " • • 

Designer's bent ash chair 
by Rebecca Myram,£250 
at Chelsea, Oct 15-20 

afraid of competition than 
able to capitalize on proxim- 
ity. But Borland was so sure of 
the potential that he spent two 
years at his own ill-afforded 
expense trying to convince 
designers that if they all 
banded together they would 
have more selling power, 
more ability to undertake 
exhibitions and publicity, 
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u podBCU pi 3H jree ZCon&L. 

2 Coma «nd > CotKK - £24 


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and that's 
not all! 

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Stoww dam uiwi^nly lamn damaging 
I save* and liner mttamiy. aifortetfly. 
H e mu d by aaiv »la»t four 
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jmrti et wound £3*0 me. VAT for iha 
21 “ mocWne. 

Sand today tor toB dataib or tor pnortty 
tnanmnt phono Otocoi (QZ35) 81336 

A^an Power Eoutpmant Umhad, 
‘‘ThaBraa dm oy. Dtocot . Oxon OX1 1 6ES ' 


Pride of place: Bill Borland at the Independent Designers Federation with left, table by Bonomi£300, 
Thomas Eisl halogen lamp £270* triangular glass plate by Aim Wood £50; right, tallThoni EMI opllghter 
£300, circular glass topped table by Bob Pulley £750, glass bowl £85* frosted glasses £20 by Penelope 
Wurr, foreground* casiUons by Cressida Bell £40, coffee table by Oval 31 £225, rug by Lynne Dorien £550 

selves known internationally 
in the ri^it places and to 
negotiate with manufacturers 
to take up their work 

The dedication paid off. 
Borland has not only attracted 
some of the top names in 
British furniture - Floris van 
den Broecke. Dinah Casson, 
Fred Baier, Rod Wales, Toby 
Winteringham - but has back- 
ing from the National. West- 
minster Bank, Camden 
Council and a large retail 
chain (shy about giving its 
name because it would be 
swamped with similar 

The result is a furnishing 
centre in Camden which is a 
showcase for 67 furniture and 
textile designers, presented in 
a series of room sets at 30 
Bruges Place, Randolph 
Street, London NWi (01-485 
4555). The aim is to attract 

commissions from architects 
and interior designers, but the 
centre will also be open on 
Saturdays to the public to 
show foe sort of furniture for 

which, according to many 
retailers, there is no d emand. 
This, being translated, means 
they are too frightened to 
stock it « 

Creature comfort: Guy Martin's animalistic table, 
in hand-stained ash* £395 at Chelsea, Oct 15-20. 

The Centre is not a shop — if 
you want to order or buy 
similar pieces you will be put 
in touch with a stockist if there 
is one, orwith the craftsman if 
there is not But with such 
starry names and with such a 
high standard of design it wiH 
certainly become a foical point 
for ideas in interiors which are 
innovative and exciting, with- 
out reaching the wilder shores 
of Memphis and Sotass. 

In any other design-con- 
scious country it is the sort of 
enterprise that would be 
receiving government sup- 
port. Fiance has already 
shown what inroads can. be 
on the Italian -furniture 
market with government sub- 
sidies and aggressive market- 
ing. Bill Borland has his eye on 
the United States, “Even a 
tiny percentage of that market 
would build an industry for 
us.” It doesn't seem much to 

New lease 
of life for 


* Footloose you BW-be but 
not fancy free, **«i225 
to choosing a shoe ^SSS 
these days- Too many 

shoes as if they were repairo* 

the QEZ So Dawn Gutxendge, 
on* Crispin CObWw. j 

often the largest setecnonm » 
London of long and mttow 
fitting shoes, now offim • 
speciality i^air service to 
almost anything in leather. 

All work is donr by 


fora small stitching rcpairto 

£60 or £70 for a re-line. The 
cost of xtcoveriitf Kuflcd 
beds is from g T^O and 
repairs to leather, sheepstan 
and suede dothing can also oc 

For individual quotations 
contact The Crispin Ofofe 5 
Chfltem Street, London wi 
(01-935 7984). 

Other repair services wr^, 
your address book include* 
Handbag Services who have 
moved from Beauchamp 
place now offer a postal 
service only from IS Bammd 
Avenue, Canveylsland, Essex 
(0268 682232). Handbags ami 
small 1 items only, front zip 

repl acements and new handles 

to ‘ complete remodelling. 
Char ges from £3 to about £80. 

Mayfafr Trunks at TShep- 

enl Street Mayfair London 

WH01 -499 262$) is the place 
to mbs briefcases, document 
, cases and all types ofluggage, 

I particularly if you are m a 
hurry. Repairs are done m 
workshops on the premises 
and can be completed in 24 g* 
hours if you have a plane to 
catch. They also sell luggage. 

• Do you know which 
cob are safe* which fires 
comply irith British Stan- 
dards, hew to fall whether year 
sofa win to up inflames? The 
new MUdtfhandbookofCon- 
samer Law gives gnidelhres oa 
these and many other shop- 

4K subjects cowed fat- 
dude misrepresentation, 
defective goods, ta bri ftng *con- 
suner credit* including the 
“cooling off period” and bow 

to interpret the small print on 

contracts. A nefid boy at 
££<)S from die Consumers’ 
Association* PO Box 44, H*rt- 
fard SG14 1SH. 


Amber and gold for autumnal colour 

Autumn paints best on a wide 
canvas, and this year a slow 
sunlit season has brought out 
the beauty of the great trees of 
town and country landscapes: 
huge glowing beeches with 
low-sweeping branches, am- 
ber-fingered horse chestnuts, 
green-gold willows, ash and 
lime. In this context the 
garden can look dowdy and 
insignificant But a small-scale 
garden can achieve its individ- 
ual drama — brought about 
most economically with 
plants which are also attrac- 
tive at other times of the year. 

The Rowan or mountain 
ash has feathery pinnate 
leaves and creamy blossom in 
spring, and its autumn colour 
(especially in the variety 
Beissneri) runs through the 
whole spectrum of yellows, 
reds, and crimson browns 
offset by dusters of vermilion 
berries. It grows to about right 
metres (about 24 feet) in 10 
years, 12 metres in 20, with a 
mature maximum of 18 me- 
tres under good conditions. 
Two Chinese introductions 
are smaller: Sorbus 
s argent iana will make only 
three to five metres in 20 years 
and only obtain nine metres 
fully mature while VUmorin’s 
rowan, collected at the turn of 
the century by a famous 
French nursery is, if anything, 
more compact 

My favourite among au- 
tumn trees is another native. 

Favourite foliage: the leaves of the field maple farm a briffiant mosaic of colour 

the field maple. Its fbtiape 
opens a soft crumpled green in 
spring, catches life light softly 
through the summer, even- 
tually making a brilliant au- 
tumn mosaic. It is a compact 
and shapely tree, and the best 
mature specimens have re- 
corded 25 metres (about 70 
feet). It will respond to dip- 
ping and. while not entirely in 
favour. I have come to admire 
a friend's trimmed Grid ma- 
ples with hollies in a hand- 
some formal display. 

A mainstay of garden cen- 

tres is the Japanese Acer 
pcdmtnum, dainty and es- 
pecially compact in the forms. 
Senkaki, the coral bark maple 
which turns through yellow to 
soft pink in autumn, or 
Ozakazuki which is more fiery 
in its response. The less said 
the better about the purple 

variety which is dull through 

the year, with none 
exquisite gradual suffusion of 
colour which is so much a 
feature of other maples. AD 
these trees accept a wide range 
of soil conditions and do wefl 

in gardens all over Britain. 

A real beauty among shrubs 
is the Amdanduer with iis 
bronzy early leaves, snowy 
’masses offlowers and red and 
gbldat dose of season but, like 
the smoke tree Cotimts 
coggyria, it is large and looks 
best as a separate feature in 
bigger gardens. Of all die 
many other hardy shrubs, the 
guelder- rose is irresistible, 
desirable in all phases of 
flower, foliage and fruft. - 
Any good moist soil win sait 
Viburnums,, but they dislike 

dry thin soils. There is a small 
garden form known as Vibur- 
numopulus compact umwhkh 
reaches 1 .5 metres and a huger 
one known- as Notcutt’s 

With the revolution in con- 
tainer-grown plants, it is no 
longer necessary to confine the 
planting of trees and shrubs to 
foe autumn. None tire-less, 
October is still a good time to 
choose and plant, in order to 
get them nicely established in 
cool moist weather. Select 
wdl-formed healthy pktots in 
good-sized pots and follow the 
planting advice, making sure 
you have allowed for -the 
mature sire and shape. Unless 
you require instant effect* it is 
usually better to buy a young 

' Dig a hole (50 centimetres 
each way or twice the side of 
the pot) and fork tire bottom. 
You can encourage:' good 
growth by -giving the roots a 
bed of. pem and sharp sand in 
equal parts with a handful of 
bonemeal — mixed im with the 
soil. Plant to the cranial soil 
mark on tire trank (for trees, 
first hammer in a support 
stake) and fill the hole back in 
with good ropsofl, treading it 
down fimriy. Water it writ (I 
usually add a dose of liquid 
seaweed) and give further 
morning waterings over tire 
next few weeks ifthe weather 

Francesca Greenoak 


SS3 s '- Winter time for tubs 

• Clematis Kate being 
thrashed about in winter 
winds, so tie in new growth. 

• Plant bulbs of early 
single and doable tulips in 
pots for spring flowering 

• Store sound unmarked 
apples and pears as they ripen 
— beg or purchase moulded 
trays from greengrocers Tor 
best results. 

• Gather np windfall 
fruits. They will be braised 
and won't keep, so slice 
and freeze if yon can't eat 
them now. Scatter some on 
the ground for the fieldfares. 

• Cat back on watering 
honseplants and in most cases 
stop feeding. Many plants 
will benefit from increased 
humidity in centrally- 
heated rooms — stand pots on 
damp gravel. 

• Lift gladiolus conns 
when the leaves die back, 
except in mild southern 
counties where they can over- 
winter in a well-drained 

wooden tubs, terracotta pots, 
or even an okf sink, you 
must deride on the kind of 
plant display you want 
A permanent pot gives a 
good opportunity to grow i 
plant which dislikes your 

garden soil, permitting you to 
i cameiAa or azalea in 

grow a < 

a chalky area, tor instance, or 


the chalk-loving 

in an acid region. A 
id box or 

sometimes) has to be put in a 
sheltered position or 
protected during the coldest 
periods of waiter. 

Whiter season pots, where 
the soil as well as the plants 
will be changed in May, can 
be crammed with plants. A 
shapely evergreen such as 
a small holly, box, or 
euonymus, green or 

iy. wen-dipped I 
bay looks smart alt year round, 
but bay (and even box 

.is usually chosen 
[andean be 

as a focal point (i 
planted out in summer). A 
compost enriched with a 

Httie Wood, fish, and b on a msa l 
over a drainage layer of ' 
stones will do for general 
tings, but ask advice 
. t a nursery about soft 
position and special care 
for single subject spe ci men 

After tiHJng the container, 
deep-level bubs such as tu»ps 
can be ptacetf as deeply as 
right or nine inches dawn; 
hyacinths w» give a lovety - 
fragrance, planted jn the next 
layer in between the tuSps, 

£25 winter IkSmmd 

aroenwy, some winter - 
wowering pansies and arable 
hSLStw !£**?* *maB- 


JJWfchOfou should look fore 
more shetered sootSr rara 
. some form of ktsuhttfon. ' 

i- i 





H"r tjkr (ht true vriU prkhkfimH. 
gntnt firm sent 
n™» an Mini vldeii JtSnm. 
Eracmot and «*B lte» 
Spring nf 1887. 

J&50 I ten. £10-00 25 

£18^0 SO. £38 100 ptoau 
Carringe pw) roe. Imsedkto detteny. 

< iMiwn able in mBtrivS find they 
ran p n r rh— i . mnee ir o. nn o N y. 


Stick Hid. ffartfMd Bm 
E doabridaa. Kent. TNS B: 

Tel: <0732)863318 


Tito .Mountain UraacM Room Mmc 

“■gaaBs asgsaa g 

SS/£^ 1n3 " r 



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eating out 



«- — IO ,i.- «• little larger than a side-plate 

that T lu,rm was onlv'^M^ 5 Md ^* e P^on by no means 
^^oanteSa 0 ”!^ embarrasses iu circum- 

"‘ff a lm 8 or bas’kw ' 

**£!»« n? u *^ ,B “ «e 
in r^Vi^eofrear 



or ‘‘fiesh" * °°memade 
mean quite SSL™ 1 P^^PS 

SSSi ? B S! ii f d » i “ 

tcurs havn Restaura- 

own and dm 3n? ^ age of ^ 

®aJ»Srdftr 0yrtWithrai ' ni - 

vv'^rd for accuracy 


Porcuu. steinpilz - 

does mean wild. Ai- 

to cultivate boletus 

ResMreh Ve - fei,ed consist entiy. 
CSearch ‘"to the- artificial 

ference. The method of cook- 
ing is a variaikm on that to 
which Bordeaux has given its 
name; the anomaly being that 
butter is used iu lien of tfivp 
oiL This does not mate the 
difference h might in other 
dishes, for both agents are 
used for ihdr flavours rather 
than for their hying properties 
~ at low temperatures they 
behave similarly. The result- 
ing saute has the authentic 
sliminess of the Bordeaux 
version, and its. garlic, and its 
parsley. And it prompts the 
question — why should cepes 
be linked to Bordeaux when 
other regional variations are 
vastly superior? 

The Neal Street Restaurant 
is vaguely Italian and no one, 

dedans that the fried (and 
battered) cooking methods of 
Piedmont and Lombardy are 
not a thousand whip* better. 
These are the routes to follow. 
Bm I guess that the clientele 
might not realize what they’re 

These free range fund ac- 
cord oddly with the oft-ihe- 

- . ev , er there was is rooting 

® the leafmeal and ferns and 

Fronds. Malay 

■ Propagation nf ™ iTV 31 ??? “ vc a chauvinist GirowKn, 
- ‘ " e ^Edte other^hmidl'isarSe m*™* on .heart and 

S.« Wh * re con,n terciaI 
pr S u ”K> n, s a possibility. 

to rwt Ck t0 to wood s. Back 
w Doriung °r Stourhead or 

• ttboS^i £** K 0r -a®* 

■ZSrSL£ on whence,, pre- 
; J3Jj tni *S e * supplied to 
,7? " d °o hotels by a Mr Cot 
• \ f y S° £0 down *o these 

big "& V £ U re peg * though admittedly 

on me rest ol the menu. A 
zampone, billed as “stuffed 
pig's ironer”, - was straight 
from a bag bought in Soho - 
still, I had a worse one in 
Florence not long ago; a piece 
-of greasy paper, proclaiming 
the additives and E numbers, 
was stuck to it. Here the 
zampone was meanly served 
with good lentils and commer- 
cial mostarda di finita. 

There is a reasonable liver 
and onion dish and the veg- 
etables are imaginatively con- 
ceived, horribly priced and 
unremarkable. Cheese was 
accompanied by an un- 
pleasantly folksy basket of 
biscuits; you have to ask for 
bread. There was nothing 
wrong with the ReWochon or 
the Stilton and every wro 
with the Camembert (fiuzer 
and the chfivre (chalky). 

This {dace is a tiny part of 
the Conran empire and given 


Dana LMdMtMr 

Spiced with surprise 

wood debris, and' every sons 
chef, too. And following th«m 
ts a gaggle of brasserie brokers. 

-bistro johnnies,- kitchen - . „ 

groupies and winebar Sir TeTs celebrity as agounnet 
i -cowboj’s. and his wife’s great prowess as 

' The woods are alive with 
their cries of triumph at each 
•: find, cries that sound like the 
A heany rings of cash tills. This 

son of upward mobility has 
er roc 

a cookery writer, it really 
should be both better and 
cheaper. As it is, one feels that 
one is paying to eat in some 
woeful precursor of the 
Saatchi gabeiy. amidst all that 
wasmost fashionable in 1968. 

been visited on other 

One thinks of c . 

offal, fishes such ^mulfeanif^S 8 ^ though, mere are- 

monk, and root vegetables some unusual and worthwhile 
such as the turnip. But none of winM such as the ’82-Fetzer 
these has the restaurateur- Ztnfimdel and some aperitifs 

-friendly quality T>f-beiflg ,/rae. 
Yes. I know that many res- 
ts urants have c/eative 
relationships with rustlers, 
poachers and the like, and that 
they get stuff cheap, but free is 
^.something else: it’s a lure. 

• At the Neal Street Res- 
taurant one plateful of ceps* 
costs £7. What 'imaginative 
pricing. The plate in question 

(Averna among others) which 
are rarely encountered in this 
country. The frugal will man- 
age to pay about £7S; the rest 
wall top the ton. 

Jonathan Meades 

Naai Straat Restaurant, 26 
Neal Street, London WC2 (01- 
836 8368). Open Mon-Fri 
12.30-ZBOptn, 7.30-1 1 -30pm. 

Vanilla's very success has led 
to its devaluation. Synthetic 
vanilla flavouring has long 
replaced the real thing in all 
but the finest confections. The 
reason, of course, is price. 

Vanilla is the fruit of a 

Vanilla has unexpected affinities, as 
Shona Crawford Poole discovered 

110g (4oz) unsalted butter, 
diced and softened 

1 vgnjjja pod, spilt 

until the liquid has reduced to 900g (21b) cooking pears 
about 1 tablespoon. 

climbing tropical orchid Va- 

nUla pkmifrliaJ^ single pod 2i 0 , !22£J!S 

buriedma^of caster sugar ston and encasing membrane 

Vx teaspoon real vanilta 

win scent the sugar, through 
repeated top-ups, for as long 
as a year. Good vanilla es- 
sence extracted from real pods 
is more expensive than syn- 
thetic imitations which have 
less complex tastes and smdb. 

Although usually classified 
as a sweet spice vanilla is 
occasionally used subtly, and 
with great success in savoury 
dishes. When saucing sweet- 
tasting fish or shellfish the 
scent of vanilla in this vari- 
ation of a classic beurre blanc 
should be elusive, almost 

Monkfish and.vanffia sauc* 

Serves four 

2 monkfish tails 

Salt and pepper 

2 tablespoons mild othre oil 

For the sauce 

170g (6oz) butter 

55g (2oz) shallots, chopped. 

400ml (’A pint) dry white wine 

1 tablespoon white wine 

Vvariffla pod.'spBt lengthwise 

Dice the butter and allow it to 
come to room temperature. 
Melt a scant tablespoon of the 
batter in a small saucepan and 
add the chopped shallots. 
Cook them gently until they 
are tender and transparent 
Add the wine and vinegar and 
ixnl the mixture, uncovered. 


from the fish and season iL Oil 
a baking dish and arrange the 
monkfish on it Baste with oil 
and roast in a preheated oven 
(230°C/450°F, gas mark 8) for 
about 30 minutes, basting two 
or three rimes during cooking. 

This timing accnmp* nil 

weight about 500g (ilb 2oz). 

While the fish is cooking, 
finish the sauce. Whisk in the 
softened butter, one piece at a 
time. The texture to aim for is 
thick and creamy and this is 
achieved by not overhearing 
the sauce and with adequate 

When all the butter has been 
added, season the sauce with 
rah, pepper and a tiny quan- 
tity of the fine, slightly sticky 
powder scraped from the 
centre of the vanilla pod. 
Strain the sauce through a fine 
sieve into a warm sauceboat 

To serve the fish, cut the 
flesh off each tail* in two long 
fillets. Slice each fillet into 
thick medallions, or leave 
them whole. Spoon a little of 
the vanilla sauce over the fish 
and serve the rest separatdy- 

I recently came across va- 
nilla in jams made with 
tropical fruits and like it in 
this home made apple and 
pear jam. 

about 2.1kg (4Kb) 

b) sharp cooking 

About 1.5kg (3^ lb) sugar 

Wash the apples and pears and 
chop them roughly without 
peeling or coring, but do cut 
out bruises and blemishes. Put 
them into a preserving pan 
with 1J25 litre (2tt pints) of 
cold water and the vanilla pod 
and bring to the boiL Reduce 
the heat and simmer, uncov- 
ered. until the firuit is mushy. 
Set it aside to cool. 

Remove and keep the va- 
nilla pod. Pass the pulp 
through a nylon sieve. Mea- 
sure the pulp and return it to 
the rinsed pan with 450g (lib) 
sugar for every 600ml (1 pint). 

Return *lw vanilla pod to 

boill^imiT^rthe mixture, 
uncovered, until it is slightly 
thickened. As it thickens it 
will need frequent stirring if it 
is not to stick and burn. The 
jam is ready to pot when a 
leaspoonful will set on a cold 

Remove the vamfla poa and 
turn the fruit butler into 
prepared jam — washed and 
heated thoroughly in a very 
cool oven (1 1(KZ/225°F, gas 
marie Cover at once and 
leave to cool When cool, label 
the preserve and store it in a 
cool, dark place. 

Autumn berry tarts 

Serves six 

For tha pastry 

140g (5oz) plain flour 

55g (2oz) icing sugar 

Yx teaspoon salt 

For ttw filling 

6 tablespoons double cream 

6 tablespoons strained Greek 

1 tablespoon caster sugar 

110g (4oa) perfectly ripe 
be mas 

To make the pastry, sift the 
flour, icing sugar and salt into 
a bow] and add the diced 
butter. Rub-in or process the 
mixture to the texture of 
breadcrumbs before adding 
the egg yolk mixed with the 
vanilla. Mix or process to a 
dough. Form the dough into a 
roll, wrap it in foil or film, and 
chill it wefl. 

To make the filling, whisk 
together the cream, strained 
yoghurt and sugar until the 
mixture will hold a peak. Chill 
it until needed. 

Roll out the dough thinly 
(take no more than V* of the 
recipe at a time) and use it to 
line 6 small loose-bottomed 
flan tins about 10an^(4in) 
across. ChiD the pastry again 

Bake the shells" in a "pre- 
heated moderate oven 
(180°C/3S0°F, gas mark 4) far 
10 to 15 minutes, until lightly' 
coloured. This dough does not 
bubble up so there is no need 
to prick or weight iL 

Immediately transfer the 
pastry to a wire rack to cool 
and if possible, use within two 
or three hours of baking. 

To assemble the tarts - 
remove the cases from their 
tins. Divide the sweetened 
cream between them and top 
with berries. 


Rotten — in the 
sweetest way 

Beloved by Colette, Turgenev, 
Marcel Proust, the Russian 
Imperial Court, Thomas 
Jefferson et a! the great. 
Idea Yquem is undoubtedly 
most starry of all the 
luscious Sauiernes chateaux. 
Like most people who are 
interested in wine, I can 
vividly recall my first glass of 
this honeyed liquid gold, al- 
though I do not remember the 
vintage. The bright amber- 
gold colour is still as fresh to 
me as its intoxicating crime 
brulie taste. I think it may 
have been the *39. 

Since then, although my 
admiration and craving far 
great Sauiernes has not dimin- 
ished. mv tastebuds are rarely 
on the receiving end of these 
delectable wines. This is 
primarily because sweet wines 
are now foolishly deemed out 

of fashion by sophisticates and 
as such Sauiernes and Barsac 
are rarely seen on either wine 
merchant or restaurant wine 
lists. And even less seen is that 
most useful of sweet wine 
sizes, the half bottle. True, the 
production of the finest Sau- 
icrncs chateaux is uny. 
Y quem for instance only man- 
ages to produce on average 
5,500 cases in a year compared 
to the 20,000 of Lafite. 

Worse still is the thought 
that sweet dessert wines are 
just not treated seriously by 
the wine world. Everyone 
wants to make taste-alikes for 
the great red Bordeaux and 
Burgundy names but there are 
few winemakers, it seems, 
who want to challenge the 
Sauiemais. Generally when 
any sweet wine lovers try to 
order one to round off a meal, 
they are treated like namby- 
pamby eccentrics. Neither has 
Sautemes* reputation been en- 
hanced by the glut of cheap, 
sweet sulphuric white wines 
present on Britain's shop 
shelves, many of which arc 
sold under the Premieres 
Cotes de Bordeaux label. 

The greatest piece of good 
fortune for the Sauiemais, in 
recent years, and one which 
may well pull them out of the 
doldrums is the magnificent 
83 vintage. In the noble rot 
condusive moist autumn cli- 
mate of Barsac and Sauiernes, 
with the imminent winter 
dangers of frost rain or hail, it 
takes nerves of steel to hang 
on until the last possible 
moment to harvest what the 
Sauiemais : hope -will be an 
entirely nobly-rotted crop. 
Botrytis cinerea, or noble rot, 
the ugly sounding and repul- 
sive looking mould that at- 
tacks the rich, sweet Sautemes 
grapes so that they shrivel up 
to produce a natural and 
highly-concentrated juice, 
works slowly and unpredict- 
ably. So important Sautemes 
chateaux have no alternative 
but to send their pickers out 
several times to gather grapes 
suffering from noble rou 
Miraculously everything 
went well in 1983, principally 
due to its long Indian summer 

and most Sauiemais agree that 
it is the greatest Sautemes 
vintage since 1967. itself 
deemed a superb Sautemes 
year. For those who missed 
the few opening offers of '83 
Sautemes. the Wine Society 
(Gunnels Wood Road. 
Stevenage. Hens) has just 
introduced five of them to 
their new autumn list. By far 
the most spectacular of these 
is the glorious 'S3 Chateau 
Gimens. from Barsac. pricev 
at £22.50 a bottle tor £20.33 
from Lay & Wheeler. 6 Culver 
Street West. Colchester. Es- 
sex! but its pale straw gold 
colour ami wonderful waxy, 
multi-layered honeyed style is 
perfection and worth all that 
and more. 

I also much enjoyed the *83 
Chateau Cornet, again a 
Barsac. but this ume available 
at the much more approach- 
able pnee of £10 a bottle from 
the Wine Society and £14.87 
from Lay & Wheeler. Its pale 
colour and dchcaic. fragrant, 
scent and taste of lilies is a 
delight. Lighter still is the *83 
Chateau Doisy-Daene (Wine 
Society £7. Lay & Wheeler 
£4.3! ) a delicious, lime mice 
and honey like mouihfuL 
whose slight sweetness, com- 
pared to the other Sautemes 

W E E T 

listed by the Wine Society, will 
please those palates who find 
dessert wines generally too 
much for their tastebuds to 
cope with. 

In general the Baraacs are 
marginally more impressive 
than the Sautemes produced 
in ‘83 but. even so, I liked the 
Fifhot (Wine Society halves 
only at £5.55) whose fall, 
fruity nose and waxy, honeved 
taste would make an excejfent 
winter pudding wine. I was 
also pleastxi with the- *83 
Sigalas-Rabaud whose lem- 
ony-gold colour and soft, 
spicy.-pineapple-Iike palate is, 
likerthe FilhoL going to ma- 
ture :sooner than the Barsacs 
produced in '83. Whilst we all 
wait for this to happen other 
dessert wine devotees will no 
doubt join .me in nipping 
down to Sainsbury's to par- 
take of half bottles of *80 
Chateau Coutet whose soft, 
peachy-pineappley crime 
bailee taste priced at just £3.99 
a bottle should convert every- 
one to the delights of dessert 

Jane MacQuitty 

Standing ovation keeps the title in check 

One of the most . artistic the dose of the first session, 
finishes of the World B l ™U"T ** 
Qiampionship : match oc- 19m t 
curred in the 22nd game. 7gg|m|i 
Kasparov adjourned with ? «*» , 

what appeared to be an advan- 
tage. but many Grandmasters 
were defeated by the complex- 
-iiies of the position and 
eventually pronounced it a 

The English group here 
finally found the win at 3am 
■on Saturday, five hours after 

Rioja from 


White: Kasparov, Blade 

Kasparov sealed 41 Nd7! This 
was greeted by premature 
applause from some spec- 
tators. it is the only move to 
win. There followed: 

4i - r«k 42 mi* ns 

Here the Black King is boxed 
in, but if 42 Kg8 43 Rb8 

43 RM 

rejected 43... Rd3, but this 
would have put up more fight, 
for example: 

44 R68 Bh7 
46RJ8 Rxa3 
and Black 

45 Re8 Rd4 
47'bxg5+ KxgS 4! 
should win. The 

45 Ne6 fxe6 
47 Rxf5 BxfS 
has drawing 
44 Rb8 Bh7. 
46 Q«5+ QxgS 

The decisive 
43... Rxb4 
45 bS d3 
47 b7dl«= 

(to cover 


coup. If now 
44 axb4 d4 
46 b6 d2 

48 b8-Q Qd2 

49 Nxg6 Qxg6 

50 Qh8+ Qb7 51 Qg3xg7 
mate. A fantastic variation; 
with four Queens on the 


The line of .resistance. Karpov 

though is. 44 Qel (threatening 
Qcl+) 44... d3 45 Qg3 Re3 
46 Rb5! Qxb5 47 Qf4+ 

** toe* to* 45 M eS 


This threatens deadly checks 
along the cl-h6 diagonaL 
Karpov ■ resigned and 
Kasparov received a standing 

Raymond Keene 

JnKlatioo for Kasparov, 
gloom for Karpov 


An instinct for the winner 

Armstrong's victory in the 
recent BBL International Tri- 
als came as no surprise to the 
“form'* students. Armstrong, 
Kitby. Forrester and Brock 
. have established their suprem- 
acy by a series of almost 
uninterrupted victories in Na- 
tional. events, much to the 
discomfiture of their London 

When Tony Forresier plays 
in Brighton next summer, it 
wifi be his third appearance 
for Great Britain. Hisdebut at 
Valkenburg in 1980 was rich 
in .promise which has been 
amply fulfilled, especially in 
Salsomaggiore last. year, where 
he and Lodge were outstand- 
ingly the most successful of 
the British pairs. 

Forrester is an adaptable 
player, equally at ease with the 
tortuous complications of the 
limited strong pass as with a 
natural system. Bui where his 
bidding may- excite . con- 
troversy, his card play only 
attracts admiration. Like all 

the truly peat players, he has 
an instinct for what is goi ng on 
at the table. 

BBL Teams Trials. 1986. 
Love alL Dealer North. - 

£ 10a 

0 A Q 109 65 

♦ 762 

? A JIB-9 3 
♦ AJ93 


W E 

£5 J753 

<7 82 
O K 73 
♦ 1054 

♦ A088 
O J4 

♦ KQB 





' Brock 




This contract was a popu- 
lar choice, but with the 
offside was invariablv defeat- 
ed “ ‘ 

Forrester had a little initial 
assistance in the shape of the 
lead of the ^?A_ However, 
West’s fine recovery shot a 

switch to the 4>3. should have 
proved lethaL 

Forrester won the +10 with 
the +Q and played the OJ. 
overtaking with dummy’s 
OQ. East understandably 
ducked Now like a batsman 
who has been dropped when 
he is in single figures, 
Forrester went imperturbably 
on his way. 

He played the *10 to 
East's 4K and his +A. and 
returned to dummy with the 
OA to finesse the #9 success- 
fully. After cashing the 4Q he 
played his two top hearts 
before putting West on play, 
with a heart, to give him 
“another club ‘trick. 

Was it instinct. -or East's 
slow-witted inability to dis- 
guise that he had ducked the 
diamond that put declarer 
on the right path? I don’t 
know. But I do know that it 
is usually fatal to make even 
the smallest error against 
Tony Forrester- 

Jeremy Flint 


I f you enjoy 'the appeal of the 
unfamili ar in your garden then 
this unique collection of ground 
cover rose plants should impress. 
Each of the four varieties is from a 
new generation which is not yet 
widely available. The bloom type is 
similar to the traditional shrub rose 
and will therefore lend a “cottage 
garden' 1 look to your planting. 
The four varieties are: ‘Red Boy*, 
glowing magenta red; ‘Pink Boy’, 
deep pink; ‘Sonney*, pure white 
with a faint Pink tinge; ‘Nozomi*, 
delicate shell pink. 


AU prices are inclusive qf post and 
packing. Please allow up to 21 days 
for delivery from receipt q f order. If 
you are not satisfied The Times w3l 
refund your money without question 
In addition to our guarantee you have 
the benefit of your full statutory rights 
which are not affected. Orders and 
enquiries should be sent to: The Tones 
Ground Cova- Roses Offer, Bourne 
Road, Bexley, Kent DAS IBL. 

Teh Cmyford 53316 for. empirics 
only. - 

HPhey grow quite vigorously and 
X will spread up to 4 feet wide in 
the first year, so need to be planted 
well apart. Growing to a height of 
approximately 12" before the plant 
bends downwards to creep along 
the ground. 

kuite apart from stifling weed , 
"growth, these varieties win 
an eye-catching effect if 
planted in large tubs or along 

Price: £12.95 pa- set of four plants 

Please send me setfs) of Ground 

Cover Roses @ £1195 each. 

1 enclose cheque/PO for made 

payable to: The Times Ground Cover Roses 
Offer. . 

Or debit my Access/Visa No. * 


Expiry Date 



fcjl'Ni'iww""’ so 





Music in 


Those with two television sets 
— if not split personalities — 
who last night simultaneously 
watched Living With Schizo- 
phrenia (Channel 4) and the 
clashing Omnibus film, 
Courtney Pine and the New 
Jazz (BBCl) were no doubt a 
little confused. In oik pro- 
gramme a man, outlandish in 
his fancy dress, confessed that 
onoe he had been possessed by 
the personalities of people 
from another time and place. 
Fortunately, his audience, not 
to say his mirror, soon con- 
vinced George Melly that be 
was not the reincarnation of 
the early greats of black 
American jazz. 

Wisely, the director of the 
Omnibus film. Faith 
Isiakpere, mostly let the musk 
speak for itselfr There was no 
commentary, the interview 
dips — occasionally prefaced 
by abrupt titles such as “What 
is Jazz?” — were short and 
pertinent. There were enough 
words, though, to suggest that 
a certain mental displacement 
has long been a feature of 
British jazz, encouraged no 
doubt by the dispute mtb the 
American musicians union 
which prevented their players 
performing in this cmmtry for 
more than 10 years. 

Our new black hope, the 
young saxophonist Courtney 
Pine — articulate and serious 
off-stage, more so on - spoke 
of his pride that blacks have 
evolved such a high art form. 

■ British jazz, ottce championed 
by that skilled old Etonian 
Guardsman trumpeter Hum- 
phrey Lyttelton, can only be 
enriched by an influx of young 
black musidans. 

Living with Schizophrenia 
also avoided analysis and 
definition — we weren't even 
rid of the commonplace mis- 
conception of the disease as 
‘‘split-personality’'. Instead, 
sufferers spoke movingly of. 
their Alness. For some it had 
been the most terrible experi- 
ence, for others something 
very disturbing, but writing. 
One painter was glad he “had 
the imagination to have had a 
schizophrenic illness”. But 
then, some people seem to 
prefer the ordered rhythms of 
life exquisitely mangled in 
their own improvization — 
whether-frlowing their horn or 
their miixL 

Andrew Hislop 

Peeping through future curtains 

Graham Wood 

Two of Paul Theroux’s novels. The 
Mosquito Coast and Dr. Slaughter, 
have just been filmed. He talks to 
to Nicholas Shakespeare aBdut-hs-^. 
latest, to be published next week 

A cormorant from 
Hungexford bridge flaps past 
the window of Paul Theroux’s 
nest on the river — a small, 
modem Oat where he comes 
from his house in Claphara to 
write. In its wake and low in 
the choppy water steams a tug. 
“Nuclear waste”, he su gge sts. 

His voice is soft and honest 
- harmoniously so. Sliding on 
to a sofa, he adds that a 
nuclear war won't happen, it 
will be a nuclear accident 
instead, the result of scruffy 
thinking, shortsightedness and 
greed. “The world has never 
been more divided. There are 
lots of desperate people, fewer 
and fewer possibilities. You 
can never ' imagine a time 
when countries like Peru, 
Pakistan or Paraguay will be 

He then retails a news item 
heard on the World Service 
where his wife works. How, a 
week after West Germany 
announced the possibility of 
measures to curtail immigra- 
tion, a convoy of GOO buses 
containing 27.000 Turks, Ira- 
nians and Iraqis — heading for 
Germany - was stopped in 

“Do you remember a time 
when there were no security 
checks at airports, when peo- 
ple came into the departure 
lounge to say goodbye?” With 
the lazy self-assurance of a 
lizard in the sun rubbing its 
stomach on a rock, he laments 
these days are gone forever. 
The question asked in O- 
Zane, a novel “set in but not 
about the future*', and his first 
major work since Mosquito 
Coast, is not “Will it happen”, 
but “How did things get this 
way, how did it happen to us?” 

O-Zone (Hamish Hamilton, 
£10.95) was inspired by an 
answer Theroux gave the art- 
ist John Bratby in a conversa- 
tion. while he was being 
painted, about the future. “I 
said I didn't think it would be 
a collectivist state so much as 
a wilderness in which most 
people would live hand to 
mouth and the rich would live 
like princes . . . the poor 
would live like dogs. They 
would be dangerous and piti- 
ful and the rich would prob-’ 
ably hunt them for sport.” 

• A journey to China in 1979 * 

had given Theroux one land- 
scape of the future - “no trees, 
people carrying things, very 
smoky and rather ■ glum.” 
Then a fortnight spent on the 
New York underground in the 
company of two aimed police- 
men provided him with an- 
other. “People live on the 
subway, going from station to 
station with their bags, believ- 
ing in a mythology of the lines, 
that every line is unsafe except 
yours. The one going into 
Brooklyn is genuinely dan- 
gerous. The Beast, they call it 
Maps are vandalized, there are 
rats, drug addicts, kids with 

Theroux's vision was com- 

by the Sea ) which included a 
visit to Northern Ireland. “It 
is hard to appreciate the 
strangeness of life in Belfast, 
the enormity of the security 

S blent. The market square 
*d off, every stall checked, 
every car boot opened. 

“The routine of security is 
very interesting, how people 
get used to it, even tike it My 
feeling was: there's going to be 
much more of this in the 
world. It's not creating prob- 
lems. It's creating a new kind 
of living.” 

In a hotel in Enniskillen, 
Theroux had sat in the tele- 
vision lounge and watched 
The Invasion of the Body 
Snatchers.' “Everyone was 
having the living daylights 
scared put of them by this 
totally preposterous film 
about alien germs which enter 
our minds, programmed to 
take over tbe world. Yet in the 
'night outside people were 
cutting the udders off cows, 
blowing up army patrols and 
kneeling to crucifixes — al- 
together weirder and more 
dangerous. That people 
should watch a film about 
alien beings for their 
entertainment was proof they 
could not bear to contemplate 
the spectacle of Ulster.” 

He crooks an elbow above 
his brad, looking for more 
cormorants. Having forsaken 
his Papa Doc shades, he looks 
today through clear lenses. “I 
wanted to write a book about 
tbe future where aliens are not 
tittle green ' men, but actual 

Lizard in the smu Paul Theroux, the barges, and the London flat he uses when he’s writing 

people perceived to be alien by 
citizens of a city. If one did 
contemplate the future, ft 
would be more tike Ulster 
than Venus.” 

The world depicted in O- 
Zone is. one divided between 
the vertical, hi-tech wastes of 
New York, roamed by tax- 
paying Owners on the sniff for 
illegal immigrants, and an 
area of America contaminated 
by nuclear waste — a bucolic 
wilderness inhabited by 
Aliens. “Those pretty places in 
the north of England,” he says, 
returning to his raw material. 
“Mining towns where the pits 
had dosed. They were not 
dark satanic mills. They had 
reverted to being city villages, 
poorer .and prettier with dear 
skies and dust-heaps covered 
in grass. Some had even got 
accustomed to the nudear 
power-stations nearby. One 
villager fold me how pretty ft 
was fit up at night a Christmas 

“Being able to accomodate 
that son of thing,” he adds,“is 
rather dangerous.” He likens 
this to the way London has 
altered without anyone 
murmuring. “If you live here 
and you're wide awake, you 

All Hour yesterdays I God’s gift to 

In contrast to Radio 3, no one 
can possibly be unaware of 
radio's otherfortieth birthday. 
Woman’s Hoar has done ft 
with a spash — a Radio Times 
cover mul lead feature days 
ahead of the event plus notice 
on all sides. It was in feet only 
last Tuesday that the anniver- 
sary itself came round. 

But perhaps the most strik- 
ing thing about this protracted 
celebrating is how different in 
character it has been from the 
programme itself. The last 
thing Woman's Hour usually 
does is to blow its own 
trumpet. So it was necessary 
to listen quite a lot in the past 
1 0 days or so to make sure that 
the old familiar sound was still 

The genuine birthday edi- 
tion was devoted almost en- 
tirely to an absorbing 
discussion-cum-feature in 
which Miss MacGregor spoke 
to three great names in the 
history of Woman's Hour — ■ 
Joan Metcalfe, Olive Shapley 
and Monica Sims - plus Dilly 
Keane of Fascinating .Aida, for 
whom it filled in “the missing 
bits of my education". 

They reminded us of the 
social climate into which the , 
programme took its first ten- 
tative steps in 1946. This was 
a time when lady contributors 
wore hats at the microphone 
and when, in an internal 
memorandum. BBC manage- 
ment could congratulate itself 
on not exercising its right of 
censorship, while still feeling 
that an item on “the older 
woman” (i.e.. problems of the 
menopause) was both “a 
lowering of broadcasting 
standards” and “acutely 

But 'listeners' needs to air 
their marital, emotional, so- 
cial and domestic problems 
were noi to be denied. 

Woman's Hour took off be- 
cause ft met a blazing need, 
one of which tbe upper echo- 
ions of the Corporation and 
society in general were simply 
unaware. It is easy to forget 
that in its early days this well- 
spoken programme was a 
courageous pioneer of the now 
rampant broadcast advice 
business — one in which, 
though less courage is needed 
these days, ft has retained a 
well-earned reputation for 
breadth and level-headedness. 

I have often wondered what 
it is that time and again makes 
me impatient with the review- 
ing to be heard nightly on 
Kaleidoscope. Last Tuesday 
offered a comparison which 
enabled me to nail it down. 
On Radio 3 John Bowen 
opened the new First Night 
scries with a 1 0-minute review 
.of Richard Nelson's Principia 
Scripioriae in which he told us 
what the play was about, 
contrasted its two acts, ex- 
pressed reservations about the 
second, but left his listeners 
with the impression that this, 
though flawed, was a play 
worth some attention- 

On Kaleidoscope an hour 
earlier we had heard Howard 
Schuman giving his account of 
it to Natalie Wheen. They told 
us how complex it was and 
how- stimulating,, but commu- 
nicated no' dear picture of the 
play. After hearing Mr Bowen, 
it struck me that he had 
thought and told us what he 
thought. Ms Wheen and Mr 
Schuman told us much more 
what they had felt, Feeling is 
no substitute for thinking, 
particularly when, in the kind 
of thinking John Bowen gave 
us. the feeling is implicit. 

David Wade 

the musical 

‘An expressive force 
of great impact' 

Two programmes o! 
modern ballets 
including Chrislopder 
'Bruce's Ghost Dances 
with the hand Incantation 

Sadler's Wells 
Theatre SB::""" 

21-25 OCTOBER 7.30pm 
Tickets £3.5Q-£10 

The Phantom of 
the Opera 

Her Majesty’s 

One thing is dean Gaston 
Leroux's famous * story is 
God's gift to the musical 
theatre. It wraps up the leg- 
ends of Faust, Svengati, and 
Beauty and the Beast into a 
grand death rattle of romantic 
agony. It turns a theatre — the 
Paris Opera — into a replica of 
the universe, from the Statue 
of Apollo above the city’s 
rooftops down to the infernal 
regions with their furnaces 
and stygian lake. And, musi- 
cally, not only does ft unfold 
to an accompaniment of the 
operatic repertoire, but also 
features a protagonist who is 
himself a great composer. 

Some of these opportunities 
have been seized by Andrew 
Lloyd Webber and his collabo- 
rators, and projected with 
stunning showmanship in 
Harold Prince's production. 
But their full range has been 
much restricted by the de- 
cision to present the events as, 
above all, a tragic love story. 

That indeed is the main- 
spring of Leroux's plot in 
which the hideously deformed 
Erik, hiding in the catacombs _ 
of the' theatre* conceives a 
desperate passion for the 
young soprano, Christine, 
teaches her to sing like an 
angel, and then spirits her 
away to his lair when an 
aristocratic rival - tbe gallant 
I young Raoul — appears on the 
scene. But Erik is also a 
prankster and much of the 
story's vitality depends on the 

Queer Folk 



Rosie Logan is a 49-year-old 
East Ender who taught herself 
to read with the Beano and the 
Dandy, married an alcoholic 
and went blind as a result of 
domestic violence. Under the 
circumstances, her first play is 
a remarkably cheerful amir. It 
is also, unfortunately, a 
compendium of soggy am- 
bition and slack construction. 

In a council maisonette on 
the Isle of Dogs,** see an 
already., odd household 
becoming progressively 
Odder. Paula ‘Wilcox plays a 
woman of unspecified voca- 
tion who has “socially 
adopted” a promiscuous 
homosexual (Jeff Rawle). She 
is separated from her pimp of 
a husband he from the 


jokes he plays on the opera’s 
employees -and its wretched 

The musical opens with an 
auction, long after the events, 
showing the aged Raoul snap- 
ping up mementos of us 
youthful romance — rather 
along the tines of Zeffirelli's 
posthumous prelude to 
Traviata. That sets the sombre 
tone of the evening. Then, 
after a brisk rehearsal scene, 

v^stiy^lf-satisfi^^d sing- 
ers battling through an old 
war-horse called Hannibal — 
with a full-scale elephant — 
romance closes in. 

Raoul pursues Christine to 
her dressing room, where he is 
overheard by the Phantom 
who promptly materializes 
through the magic mirror and 
leads her down to bis bouse by 
the lake. 

This is the biggest mis- 
calculation in Richard 
Stilgoe’s book; from the start it 
reveals the Phantom as a man, 
instead of springing that 
disclosure after a succession of 
seemingly supernatural in- 
cidents, As -a result, -there is 
precious little thrill in hearing 
his disembodied voice or 
witnessing his apparition as 
the Mask of Red Death ax the 
company’s masquerade party. 
Nor do we ever learn how he 
performs bis tricks. Instead of 
revealing them as the work of 
a master ventriloquist and 
conjurer, they remain mys- 
teries somehow performed by 
a man whose only visible skill 
is to crash out dischords on his 
subterranean harmonium. . 

woman he married after a 
brief encounter in SainsbUrys. 

She spends her time 
dispensing tea and common- 
sensicaJ advice to a neighbour 
with a spray-on brain (an 
engaging portrait of dumbness 
from Susie McKenna), -he 
cruises the dubs and bars and 
comes home with a black eye. 

In its cod- Dickensian way,- 
Kenneth Alan Taylor’s 
production entertains the no- 
tion of goodness (in the form 
of tolerance: “caring” and so 
on), rippling out from the 
adopted siblings to create an 
entire femily of misfits. 

A retired local villain, 
played by the chipper Robert 
Kingswell, is drafted into the 
maisonette to act as their 
father substitute, while the 
neighbours - once it has been 
revealed that the burly hus- 
band (Jim Dunkjisatransves- 
tite — grow increasingly pally 
and bizarre. 

cannot help see how quickly 
everything is changing. 

“Over there was 
Bessborough Gardens, where 
fresh off a ship, Conrad wrote 
tiis first book. Every time 1 
saw ft I thought of Conrad and 
Ahnayer's Folly. Now it’s 
suddenly vanished. The whole 
place has been ripped out. 
Once it’s eliminated, tike the 
Sunday postal service, ft never 
comes back. Yet Dickens' 
London, biscuit-tin London is 
so strong that people still see it 
instead of the background. 

“A woman told me recently 
bow she loved Londoners 
because they said "Yes, my 
lady.' Really, 1 asked, and 
where are you staying ? 
Garidge's, she said. In order 
to write, one must be .honest 
that what one sees is not what 
one intended to see.” 

Though recognised by our 
immigration officers — 
“You’re the train man aren’t 
you, so we haven't got rid of 
you yet T — Theroux admits 
to feeling an Alien in England 
and an Owner in his native 
America. Having taught 
abroad — he was expelled from 
Malawi after ... a “political 
frame-up” he'dbes not misS 

a regular job, but regrets the 
sense of being exduded- 

“As a writer 1 feel like a man 
walking down the street on a 
dark winter night looking in at 
real life lived behind the 
windows." Prompted by the 
image, be enthuses about 
London in October, his 
favourite time of year the 
dark afternoons when people 
forget to dose their curtains 
arid give the illusion they are 
burning the midnight oiL “I 
sound like Steppenwolf or 
some maniac,” be laughs. 

We leave the flat, protected 
by security cameras and omi- 
nous buttons, and cross the 
river where he kayaks each 
week. For all his expressed 
horrors of the modem world, 
he seems fluently detached, 
without the wish to change it 
“Fiction,” he says, dting 
1984, “is more powerful than 
any pamphlet” He has given 
up reviewing. “ like all news- 
papers, reviews end up on the 
bottom of the canary cage. 
They don't even wrap fish in 
them any more.” 

Then, reminded, he asks if I 
knowhow much fish a cormo- 
rant eats. “Tons bf it," he says 

Stephen Petromo 
The Place 

I t mus t be difficult being a 
New Dancer. No dancing is 
easy, but the practitioners of 
New Dance have a sell-in- 
flicted obligation to do some- 
thing different and nowadays 
there are so many of them that 
finding a suitable difference 
becomes a major operation. 

We owe our knowledge of 
the medium largely w Dance 
Umbrella, the annual festival 
which brings together many 
British performers ana some 
from the United States, 
Europe and occasionally fur- 
ther afield. This year’s season 
runs for the next five weeks.. 

The first imported exhibit is 
Stephen Petromo and Dancers 
at The Place. His first piece, a 
solo railed Number J, has an 
unusual though not unprece- 
dented twist m that he keeps 
his right foot firmly rooted to 
one spot throughout while the 
left slides no more than a few 
inches to allow him to change 
the direction in which be 
feces. For about eight minutes 
he maintains this stance while 
his arms, shoulders, and head 
bob about One spectator lik- 
ened it to a chicken struggling 
out of an egg. 

But Mr Petromo is quoted 

Wigmore Hall 

At 75, Shura Cherkassky is 
still playing — and with re- 
doubled strength, to judge 
from this birthday recital. He 
has the enthusiasm and energy 
of a man half his age. and he 
can still make you sit up in 
your chair with the un- 
expected nuance, the un- 
conventional approach. 

Indeed, sometimes he 
drives the music so freneti- 
cally that ft all becomes a little 
overpowering. Such threat- 
ened to be the case in 
Beethoven's “Appassionato” 
Sonata, where Cherkassky’s 
unremittingly brittle tone in 
the outer movements, allied to 
speeds that were un- 
compromisingly fast and 
phrases that were often 
dipped, produced aprotracted 
violent explosion of sound. 

But, one afterwards 
thought, that is what this 
music is about; perhaps we 
have become accustomed to 
too much elegance and need to 
be outraged anew like this. 

The same cannot be said, 
however, for even the most 
extrovert, the most dramatic 
music of Chopin. But 

Beauty and the beast: Sarah Brightman (Christine) and Michael Crawford (tbe Phantom) 

Elsewhere, Mr Stilgoe has 
worked wonders of dramatic 
compression: creating the in- 
tensely sinister figure of a 
ballet mistress (Mary Millar) 
who acts as a stone-faced 
messenger between the Phan- 
tom and his victims; and 
reconstructing the disruption 
of a performance by breaking 
. up a balletic entr’acte with the 
descent of a hanged man from 
the flies. 

I suspect, though, that the 
sharp-witted Mr Stilgoe was 
not the man for love lyrics, 
which have been produced in 
saccharin abundance by 
Charles Hart. This may be the 
kind-, of material Lloyd 
Webber warned to set; but as 
both lovers approach Chris- 
tine on similar terms, offering 
comfort, warmth, and protec- 
tion. a monotony sets in well 
before the Phantom -yields to 
the better man and vanishes 
into a piece of trick furniture. 

The book, however, has 
much more importance than 
in Lloyd Webber’s previous 
work; and this time the score 
is not through-composed in a 
continuous idiom. Instead, it 

As though to counter the 
fairy-tale element, the di- 
alogue is unremittingly 
scatological, and the piece 
lurches queasily between 
kitchen-table comedy and the 
theatre of received ideas. One 
never quite discovers the dra- 
matic purpose of all this tea- 
fuelled madness. 

Martin Cropper 


Cricket played with billiard 
balls and tennis rackets does 
not necessarily bring a higher 
scoring-rate. Neither are 
multi-media shows in them- 
selves meritorious. 

The purpose of the mixture 
is all and if. as in this latest 
group effort by British Asian 
Theatre, the purpose is seldom 
evident, whether in the choice 

moves between 1 9th century 
opera (discarding Leroux's 
Faust in favour of risible 
pastiche), -atmospheric and 
love music in his own luscious 
vein, and the compositions of 
the ghost himself: The power 
of the score depends much 
more on contrast than on any 
individual item. Romantic 
numbers are poisoned by 
menacingly surging under- 
currents. These turn out only 
to be descending chromatic 
scales on the brass, but they 
serve their turn. 

When ft comes to rebearsing 
tbe ghost’s own opera (another 
Stilgoe innovation) it is great 
fun to discover that the tenor 
lead cannot get the hang of 
whole-tone scales. Elsewhere 
the presence of the super- 
natural is expressively sig- 
nalled by unrelated minor 
chords descending in parallel 
tike the endless trapdoors 
leading down to the theatre 

One thing the production 
should do is to confirm the 
vocal powers of Sarah 
Brightman. a blanched victim 
with huge panic-stricken eyes, 

or the content of scenes, the 
mixture fails. 

Anarkali was a courtesan 
whose life and loves appar- 
ently .caused havoc in the 
Moghul Empire. A sort of 
Pompadour in a veil, I dare 
say. though I should expect 
some basic information 
concerning the Pompadour’s 
doings, and even about those 
of our own Nell Gwynne, in 
any plays bearing their names. 

Still, this Anarkali is ev. 
idently an exemplar, though 
an odd one, you might think, 
in a play about an Asian girl in 
modern London striving to be 
her own mistress. 

She passes her A levels, is 
married to a chartered accoun- 
tant who arrives drunk at the 
wedding bed; she refuses to 
give of her favours, dances, 
goes out with an Englishman 
who also drinks, refuses to 
give her favours again, dis- 
putes the right of lesbian white 
feminists to speak for op- 

who combines a honeyed 
middle register with the un- 
earthly top notes I first thrilled 
to when she sang Charles 
Strouse’s Nightingale. As the 
Phantom Michael Crawford is 
a worthy vocal partner but it 
is a pity that he should have 
such small opportunity to 
display his other skills. Verti- 
cally masked, so as to hammer 
home the idea of a split 
personality, be spends much 
more time on lachrymose 
appeals for sympathy than on 
lotting on with the haunting. 

Not all Mr Prince’s special 
effects draw the intended gasp. 
The fetal chandelier that en- 
gulfs the opera audience now 
makes its ascent to the ceiling 
and is slowly lowered so as to 
-avoid the smallest danger. 
Elsewhere, however, masterly 
advantage is taken of Maria 
Bjomson's sumptuous set, 
which may not evoke the 
whole opera house but gives 
us the Grand Staircase and the 
lake with glowing candelabra 
rising from the water, as the 
Phantom steers his way home. 

Irving Wardle 

pressed Asian women and 
reads a poem (quite well). 

Unfortunately, as played by 
Venu Dbupa. she comes 
across as a thoroughly droopy ! 
sort, never seen sticking up for 
herself, let alone Asian i 
womenfolk till her last, pe- 
culiar outburst 

Songs, translated from the 
Hindi on slides above the 
stage, provide a counterpoint 
of man’s prickly relationship 
with women down the a g^ . 

There is evidence in the 
programme that the play was 
intended to be longer, and the 
early scenes are the better- 
written and the better- 

The genuinely talented 
Dhirendra plays several roles 
ranging from a cantankerous 
old uncle to a pubics-ihrusting 
rock singer; it is a mistake to 
give him nothing to do in the 
second half. 


by an American interviewer as 
saying that it i&not important 
to tbe audience to understand 
a work, only to eqjby it, » j 
tried to eqjoy movement that 
rather too soon exhausted its 
compulsiveness. \ 

Number 3 was performed to 
a recording by Lenny Pickett 
called Dance Music jue Borneo 
Homs No 5 which -duL am 
exactly leave me panting to 
know what numbers 1, 2 ,- 3 * 
and 4 sounded tike. Not that 
the movement is very obvi- 
ously related to the music; in 
New Dancing that is consid- 
ered somewhat infra dig. Still, 
the next piece did at least take 
its title from Fat Irwin'S jazzy 
score. The Sixth Heaven. . 

For this, Petromo and five 
other dancers committed 
movements obviously related 
to the contact improvisations 
pioneered by Steve Paxton, 
except that they were randy 
actually in contact - ; 

Petronio's dancers are 
pugnacious in appearance and 
style, and pugnacity was the 
keynote of the final work, 
Walk-In. The movement was 
again foil of stops and starts, 
never really getting anywhere 
and probably not wanting to. 

John Pertiyal 


Cherkassky chose to piay .it 
with that same almost des- 
perate feverishness, -never 
really relaxing where die 
tempo broadened, nor 
succeeding in spinning a true 
amtahile line, save. in the F 
minor Nocturne, Op S5 No ). 
The F minor Ballade, Op:SZ, 
for instance, began strangely 
woodenly, as if Cherkassky 

could hardly bear to submit to 
the music's expressivity. And 
when ft did get fester, detail 
was frequently smudged, ty 
inconsistent pedalling! ... 

His mood was obviously' 
better suited on this occaaon 
to the Chopin of the Grande. 
Vatse Brillante, Op 18* . an 
exuberant miniature, all swirl- 
ing 1 ball-gowns and glittering 
chandeliers, and to the youth- 
fully virtuosic excesses of the 
Variations on La ci darem la 
mono. Op 2. But even in these 
works he pushed the tempo to 
breaking point, and indeed the 
strain very nesriy proved tM- 
much at the end of Op 2. 

It was always going to be a 
flamboyant recital, however,' 
as Busoni's challenging, if 
bizarre, arrangement of Bach’s 
Toccata, Adagio and Fugue in r 
C hinted at the beginning. 

Stephen Pettitt* 







The roses may be fading fast, 
but autumn at Glyndebourne 
is threatening to upstage the 
summer. Storting their six-' 
week itinerary on borne 
ground, Glyndebourne Tour- 
ing Opera are casting exciting . 
new light on two of Sir ftter 
Hall's more shadowy summer 
productions. Oxford, Plym- 
outh, Norwich and Mahchesr 
ter can look forward to a lot- - 

Simon Boceanegra should 
respond well to a variety oT 
spaces and even if the Bourne- 
mouth Sinfonietta do not, as 
yet, touch all the score’s - 
undercurrents, Graeme Jen- 
kins, the company’s musical 
director, sharpens that focus 
energetically. “ ~ 

Malcolm Donnelly, the new j 
Boceanegra, gives n pas- 
sionately variegated perfor- . 
mance, gripping in its- 
development through ta-thfr 
final powerful confrontation : 
with Geoffrey Moses's gaunt,' - 
most carefully observed? 
Fiesco. In its sheer tension 
and emotional athleticism,--: 
Marie Slorach's Amelia be- • 
comes very much foe pivot ' 
between the triangle -of 
relationships completed by -' 
Anthony Roden’s Adorno, r 

Two years ago Martin 
Tsepp, Glyndeboume’s head 
of music staff came out from ■ 
30 years behind the wings and - 
the keyboard to conduct three 
performances of the touring - 
Figaro. He has surfaced again - 
to make this Don Giovanni a ~ 
celebration of Mozart. It is - 
what the operatic stage so 
badly needs, a Don activated 
from the roots up and from 
the inside out. 

The young cast is haunted 
by a formidable line of prede- 
cessors on this stage, and these 
are. in many respects, still 
embryonic performances. 
Tneir resonance is assured, 
though, by Isepp's musical 
stage-management: watch out ; 
for the emotional and drill- 
matic portents in Don' 
Ottavio’s first, accompanied/ 
recitative over the body of the . 
Com menda tore and the. 
nourishing of melody ini the . 
orchestral accompaniment to 
La ci darem”. 

Elizabeth Collier’s Donna - 
Ann^,tike Robert Hayward’s 
Don Giovanni, is sure enough' ■ 
vocal lv and technically to give 
room for interpretative expan- 
sion. I enjoyed, too. the • 
strength of Kim Begley V 
Ottavio, the proud intdli-- 
gence of Faith Hliou’s Elvira, 
and Louise Winter’s refresh^- • 
ingly ingenuous Zeriina. 



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piidcr ihe careful 


their twelfth 80 dtam, 
touches all ,i£ ■"?* adro ‘tiy Cameo Word Up (Out) 
yei souml. e bases and JABH T9) 
and natural Sl im. ns I r]&Iy fiwh «c**n* Thompapo Oaring 

tou shS'i^EsSf i,bea 

Smoorhv _ “*. ckb «t. Or soft 

®*£ ,y veSS!’ 

^ ais or streetwise 

Adventures (Pcrfydor 

PhB Alvin Unsung Stories 
(Sash SLAP 12) 
fagy Pop Btah-Biah-BJah 
(A & M AMA 5145) 

The Robert Cray Sand Who's 

go-go ran ^r: ur , «reetwise 
percussing a of Latin 

guitar, the EL* bIast loud T** Robert Cray Sand Wht 
w hat he or F 6 ^ wU fil »d Been TaJkfn’ (Charty R & B 
onW^°, r ,. sl *f ‘“l^gfor CRB 1140) 
board ^.acrosMhe- 

otusicstviL ^ ourr * of black with a cheerful, jaunty stride; 

cohesive’ " ' ' ' 

present i? 0,e *e ever 

na^rofaiSSSl denomi ’ 


Xd.h^V 1 * 1116 disco 
loX Sii* P?**d for too 
danced,,^ e ^ tomc of the 
taut ninn Wu ^ ldtrack ’ but the 
iW n Choppy refraction be- 

toss and bass 

- m *“1 »s still the founda- 
°< real - riai^-p 



Fnrih'’ “Back and 

"She's Mine” all 
n te . rl lh W|th the drums esiablish- 
S! h S groove ’ build to vary- 

S degrees of muscular 
fb™f x ai »d thee return to the 

unadorned beat that is the 

essence of their being, and one 
magmes that these are songs 
wnuen win, the dance steps 
tnat . w, '‘ accompany their live 
or video execution in mind. 

Despiie the lavish cast of 25 
musicians who are credited for 
meir contributions, the sound 
is sparse and disciplined; 

“ y °Q Can Have 
me World are constricted 
from neat interlocking <i«hg of 
i nsiru mentation that stretch 
wuh lean economy across the 
&hnc of the beat, and when 
Patrick Buchanon unleashes 
his occasional guitar solos, 
there are echoes of Ernie 
tsley 5 contribution to the 
later work of the Isley Broth- 
ers. Above all it is a record 

you get the feeling that noth- 
ing gets Larry Blackmon down 
for long. . . 

Unlike Richard Thompson, 
whose lyrics on Darmg Adven- 
tures sink even deeper into the 
slough of depsond explored on 
bis previous album Across a 
Crowded Room. The targets of 
his wrath are women, both in 
general and in particular, and 
it begins to seem a little odd, 
after hearing about “Valerie” 
(“She spends all my money on 

i 'unk and trash”), “Missie 
low You Let Me Down” and 
“Baby Talk" (“When you 
open your mouth it makes no 
sense 1 *), that it is never 
Thompson or the protagonists 
of his songs who are in any 
way to blame for the wretched 
state of their love lives. But 
this anger and pain fiid many 
superb, incisive songs wrought 
in Thompson's familiar bard 
folk-tinged rock style. There 
are few performers to rival 
him in the art of the Inner 
valedictory ballad; “Long 
Dead Love” with its tomb- 
stone images and fimereal pace, 
places an incan d escent guitar 
solo of rage next to a 

lyric of inconsobUs sadness. 

The mood is lightened by 
sparing use on some tracks of 
accordion, fiddle, mandolin 
and a beguiling drone instru- 
ment, the Chinese shawm, and 
there is an exquisite acoustic. 

jazz swing song “Al Bowfly’s 
in Heaven” wfakfa deftly con- 
jures the air of war-time 
romance and su b sequ e nt bard 
times with which, paradoxi- 
cally, timt Fifties* crooner 
was not particularly 

assneijif f d - 

Phil Alvin, with the aid of 
Sun Ra and his Arkestra and 
the Dirty Dozen Brass Band, 
has assembled an entire album 
in homage to some of the 
more serious performers and 
composers of Al Bowfly's era 
and before. Ussmg Stories is 
dedicated to Joe Turner, the 
man who wrote “Shake, Rattle 
and Rdf, and who was 
perhaps the most celebrated of 
the Thines' blues sboutersL 
Alvin, who mari<» his name as 
the guitarist in the roots R & B 
band The Blasters, is to be 
commended for this affec- 
tionate and 

ing recreation of the early 
country dues and hot jazz 
squads that were the ante- 
cedents of fifties’ rock ’n ’roIL 

The sleazy muted trumpet 
and dated bassoon bass fines of 
the Arkestra work evocative 
magic on ibe Cab Calloway 
compositions “Minnie the 
Mooched and “The OW Man 
of the Mountain”,- while 
Alvin's unaccompanied guitar 
and voice recall such obscure 
original works as Peerie 
Wheatstraw’s “Gangster Blues” 
and Henry Spaulding's 
“Titanic Blues”. The produc- 
tion of this labour of love by 
Alvin and Pat Borneo, success- 
fully captures the warm, loose 
ambient flavour erf recordings 
from that period. Only the 
scratches are missing; 

A lot of people are going to 
be buying their first Iggy Pop 
album in the coming weeks. 
Almost 10 yean since David 
Bowie first rescued him from a 
vicious circle of spiralling 
drug abuse and public indif- 
ference, to produce the album 

The Idiot. 'Bowie has norw 
lifted him from the dead end 
of an ageing cult career and 
placed him at the brink of 
pla tinum success. Blah-Btab- 
Blxh is produced by Bowie 
and David Richards, features 
■five songs co-written with 

Bowie and is in most regards 
simply a surrogate David 
Bowie album. Pop has taken 
to singing in that annoying, 
lugubrious style of Bowie's, 
which sounds like a man not 
quite woken from a deep 
sleep, and heroic lines like 
“Wc have swum in the ocean” 
and “You can be my 
girlfriend / Forever and a 
day” abound in songs like 
“Baby h Can't Fall” and 
“Shades". There is a smooth 
widescreen scope to the 
production with layered syn- 
thesizer and guitar tracks 
washing over a huge-sounding 
snare drum that never the less 
sticks to a fairly insipid beat 

The idiosyncratic kinks and 
more bombastic elements of 
Pop's former delivery have 
been neatly ironed out, and 
while he will surely gain access 
to a wider market with this 
album, it seems a shame to 
have gained another superstar 
at a lime when rock really 
needs to increase, not subtract 
from, its dwindling stock of 

For those who have thrilled 
to Robert Cray's contem- 
porary re-working of the blues 
theme on his albums Bad 
Irtfluence. and False Accusa- 
tions. Charly have thought- 
fully teased the tapes of Cray's 
first album Who’s bees 

Talkin’, originally released in 
America in 1980, and unavail- 
able until now. Although less 
imaginative and distinctive 
than his subsequent record- 
ings. it is still a good blues 
album by any standards, and 
“That's What FU Do” (wntien 
by Cray) and Howlin' Wolfs 
“Who's Been Talkin'”, are 
just two sons that indicate 
the degree of incipient talent 
at work. Curtis Salgado's 
harmonica contributions are 
breathtaking and perhaps 
Cray should think about 
reinstating the instrument on 
future albums. 

David Sinclair 

Studious horn doodles 



MRes Davis Tutu (Warner 
Bros 925 490-1) 

Courtney Pine Journey to the 
Urge Within (Island 1LPS 9846) 

More than 70 albums separate 
Tadd Dameron from Joey Dee 
on my shelves; they are by 
Miles Davis, they are fell of 
the beauty and trntu of great 
art. and they come collectively 
behind only the Bible and 
Shakespeare on the list of 
items to be salvaged in time of 
disaster. Whether Tutu be- 
longs among them is the 
question the whole jap world 
is. or ought to be, asking. 

This is the trumpeter’s first 
album away from the CBS 
label in 30 years, and it is 
certainly tempting to see his 

re-emergence wife the full 

panoply of Warner Bros’ pop- 
style promotion as an un- 
usually significant moment in' 
his eventfel and illustrious 

The point about Tutu is 
surely that this is fee first 
record Miles Davis has made 
in which there appears to be 
no real-time interaction be- 
tween the trumpeter and other 
musicians. Like fee records of 
such current chart heroes as 
Cameo and Art of Noise 
(which from time to time it 
closely resembles). Tutu is 
sample-and-hold .music born 
in laboratory conditions, 
pieced together by means of a 
technology feat encourages 
manipulation of sound and 
effect without limit. What 
Davis does here is doodle his 
spindly muted-horn lines 
against sumptuously textured 
backing tracks whose high- 
closs finish is a tribute to fee 
skill of Marcus Miller, Davis s 
erstwhile bass-guitanst, who 

wrote six of fee eight tunes, 
n laved most of fee in- 
struments and created fee 


This is music made in vr/ro, 
and it has been rather disturb- 
ing to read, in recent inter- 
views. Davis extolling fee 
virtues of electronic drum 

svnihesizers. Chiefly he seems 
to prize feeir dependability; 
i°ut P does .he really btfeeve^t 
the creative force of a . rnuiy 

microchip? There ^ »hat 




Mt.itcson: L® roi Arthur 


Manipulating magic Mites Davis and microchip technology 

appear to be several saxo- 
phone solos dotted through- 
out the record, but there is no 
musician credited on fee 
sleeve and the synthetic na- 
ture of this music is such that 
one is left wife the assumption 
feat this, too, is fee work of 
fee all-powerful synthesizer 

One thing that can certainly 
be said about such tracks as 
“Portia", a shimmering bal- 
lad, and fee prowling “Back- 
yard Ritual” is feat they make 
more convincing Mia mi V ice 
music than anything currently 
in the charts. Such an am- 
bience is, of course qmte 
congruent wife fee Miles Da- 
vis who has been in andoul of 
gossip columns, silk suits and 

Ferraris since Elsenhower was 
president; yet in the end he 
seems oddly like a bystander 
at his own party. 

As one of the year’s major 
talking points, Tutu has a 
strong rival in Journey to the 
Urge Within, fee first album 
by a young saxophonist on 
whose behalf great chums are 
being made, not least that he is 
leading a new gene ra t i on of 
black British jazz musicians. 

As an instrumentalist, 
Courtney Pise is still working 
his way through the texts 
inscribed in wax by Coltrane 
and Rollins. He is by no 
means as rounded or convinc- 
ing an improviser as, say, Iain 
Ballamy or Jamie Talbot, to 
name two near-contemporar- 

ies; nor Is be yet showing signs 
of achieving the sort of 
originality that distinguishes 
such older men as Tony Coe 
and Art Themen. 

So while what is going on 
around him at the moment 
can &iriy be described as 
hype, it is a pleasure to 
discover feat, wife Journey, 
he has made, a remarkably 
successful attempt to justify- 
the acres, of publicity. Pine ^ 
may be attracting new lis- 
teners to jazz through the cut 
ofhis overcoat, but he stands a 
chance to holding on to them 
through his honest projection 
of the .music’s natural 

The variety of settings 
shows a keen mind at work, 
from the straightforward 
tenor-and-rhythm hard bop of 
“Seen” through fee covers of 
Horace Silver’s “Peace” and 
Wayne Stoner’s “Delores” to 
a charming pointilliste 
conversation between fee 
leader’s bass clarinet, Cleve- 
land Walkiss’s voice and Gary 
Crosby’s admirable bass on a 
piece called “CGC". Particu- 
larly striking are two pieces, 
“ Miss-In terpret” and “When, 
Where, How and Why”, 
ima ginati vely constructed by 
Pine Ifr the unusual combina- 
tion of trumpet, two saxo- 
phones, voice, vibes, piano, 
bass and drums. 

The fluid grace with which 
Pine’s soprano saxophone 
phrases fee lilting, CDltraneish 
6/8 theme of his own “I 
Believe” indicates his true 
potential I am less sure about 
fee inclusion of a straight- 
forward pop-soul song, the 
Amoo brothers* drably 
predictable “Children of fee 
Ghetto”, wife a vocal by 
Susaye Green, the former 
Supreme. Recorded a month 
later than fee rest of the 
album, and supervised by Roy 
Carter rather than the experi- 
enced American producer Mi- 
chad Cusctma (who brings a 
Blue Note-style depth to fee 
rest of the tracks), h seems to 
have been added as an after- 
thought, as if someone’s nerve 
suddenly broke at the prospect 
of releasing a pure-blooded 
jazz album. Still an appear- 
ance by Pine on Top of the 
Pops would do no harm at alL 

Richard Williams. 

Those who have been brought 
up on Bill Slim’s classic Defeat 
into Victory, or who have had 
their interest in the Burma 
campaigns whetted by James 
Lunt’s recent A Hell of a 
Licking , will welcome Louis 
Allen’s Burma in paperback. 

The fascina tion of his 650- 
page tome lies in the way in 
which be looks at both sides of 
the hilL He is a Japanese 
linguist, and so has been able 
to marry together .fee vast 
accumulations of British and 
Japanese material which have 
‘built up over the last 40 years. . 
into .a balanced- .two-sided ac- 
count of the fighting and its 

In those 40 years, our 
perceptions of the Japanese 
have been changing as. we 
have come to know them 
better. Louis ADen helps the 
process. The Japanese com- 
manders and soldiers in his 
account cease to be the brutal 
wartime stereotypes and be- 
come human bongs. He pro- 
vides a angular insight into 
feeir true ambitions, plans, 
responses, arguments, and in- 
trigues, matching them with 

The CrasMt Library (Century 

This new paperback series is 
launched today with six titles. 
It wil] include classic reprints, 
■first paperback editions, and 
titles that cry out to be made 
available in cheap and widely 
accessible editions. 

In the last category there is 
Britain by 
arranged and written by Tom 
Harrison and Charles Madge 
(£5.95), the pioneering experi- 
ment in social research, which 
gave a unique portrait of the 
British in the Thirties, and has 
been unavailable since its first 
publication in 1939. It was the 
first popular sociology by and 
for fee people. This edition 
has a new introduction by 
Angus Chlder. 

From PloughtaB to P*r- 
Kamcaf, by Joseph Arch, with 
a preface by Norman Willis 
(£5.95) is the life stoty of the 
farmer’s boy from darkest 
Warwickshire; - who.- started 
working on fee land at fee age 
of nine. Travelling the country . 
in search of work in -the lean 
1820s, he became appalled by- 
fee miserable earnings and 
hard lives of fee agricultural 
workers. During the agri- 
cultural depression of fee 
1860s be set put to rally them 
to fight for decent conditions. 
This was the beginning of the 

editions. . tory | 


side of 
the hill 

Burma, Tim Longest War, 
1941-1945 by/ 

(Dent. £6-95) 

those on fee British side of the 

But fee hill in Burma had a 
feint side: the Burmese, which 
Louis ADen does not neglect 
As a former Intelligence offi- 
cer in South Bast Ana during 
and after fee war, he acquired 
a sensitivity to the Asian point 
of view, enabling him to give 
credit where credit is due to 
men like Ba Maw, Aung San, 
and Subbas Chandra Bose, all 
of whom were traitors in 
British eyes but patriots to fee 


National . Agricultural 
Labourers Union, which Arch 
led for many years. 

The other titles in the new 
zeries are: Witt gen stein by 
W.W. Bartley III (£5.95); 
China, A Short Cultural His- 
tory by C.P. Fitzgerald 
; A Short History of 
Ireland by J.C. Beckett 
(£5.95); The Best Circles by 
Leonore DavidofT (£4.93), an 
examination of fee Victorian . 
and Edwardian social season, 
wife an introduction by Vic- 
toria Gtendinning- 

The British lost Burma in 
1942 because they had not 
learnt to fight in fee jungle, 
and because they over- 
estimated fee loyalty of the 
local people. They re- 
conquered Burma by master- 
ing fee techniques of jungle 
warfare and by adding a third 
dimension: air supply. The 
Japanese conquered Burma 
initially through military 
prowess, but threw away their 
victory by alienating the 
population. The only people 
to gain anything from the 
four-year struggle were the 
Burmese themselves, but what 
a price they had to pay for 
their independence. 

Louis AUcm's study might 
be looked upon as the re- 
visionist history of fee cam- 
paign for the 1980s. This 
would be going loo far. It is 
less than a history but more 
than a novel. It is perhaps best 
described as an impressionist 
word picture. It is, however, a 
book that most readers will 
find hard to put down once 
they have embarked upon iL 

William Jackson 

historical won the Whitbread 
prize for novel of fee year last 
year, and mil make fee tough- 
est flesh creep. There is some- 
thing nasty in the foundations 
of churches built in fee reign 
of Queen Anne around fee 
Cities of Westminster and 
London and up fee road at 
Wapping. Ghastly murders 
today suggest that fee past is 
still alive. It is also a philo- 
sophical book tackling such 
maners as fee meaming of 
history and the nature of Evfl. 
I should not read it alone and 
late at night. 

Philip Howard 


Ghost of 
a chance 

It is to be hoped that gremlins “ 
haunting rehearsals for the 
musical The Phantom of the 
Opera will soon disappear. A . 
scenery cable snapped and a 
sandbag fell frighteningly 
dose to a member of the cast; 
leading lady Sarah Brighiman 
was struck down briefly by a 
virus. Then fee theatre sprin- Z 
kling system misbehaved, - 
drenching the stage twice. ‘ 
Producer Cameron Mack- , 
intosb says he was not unduly 
perturbed since, in two scenes. , 
fee stage is supposed to be a * 

Falling stars 

Sir John Tooley. general direc- 
tor of fee Royal Opera House. . 
is bemoaning the lack of 
talented singers. The number 
of truly distinguished tenors in - 
the world over the past 25 . 
years has dropped, he says. . 
from 12 to around five. The 
dearth extends across the j 
whole range, resulting in too 
few stars having to meet rising . 
demands from too many op- - 
era bouses, while young artists 
are being pressured into doing - 
too much too quickly. 

• The Policy Studies 
Institute has unearthed seme 
gems on the state of fee 
arts in Britain. In 1983/84, 
for instance, the 
Government spent £36 million 
on military bands, while ’ 
the Arts Council allocation for 
orchestral and other music 
was £6 million. 

Tate and Weil ; 

An art lover writes: “Perhaps *. 
someone in authority should 
take a look at the system 
which permits the Tate to 
ignore the centenary of the 
organization which upheld the " 
finest traditions of British 

The complainant is Al Weil, 
an American, who is miffed by . 
fee gallery's refusal to arrange , 
an exhibition celebrating fee . 

Bmhazon and Whistier 

foundation of fee New English 
Art Club in 1886, whose 
members included Whistler 
and Sargent 

Weil who played a prom- 
inent role in the campaign to 
establish a Turner Gallery, * 
airs his latest grievance in a.., 
catalogue for an exhibition of : - 
the work of fee French im-" 
pressionist, Hercules Braba-.. 
zon. The Tate, he observes,^ 
keeps its 24 donated Braba- ^ 
zons in storage. 

Bubbling out - 

Associates of Sir Peter HaD:.. 
say he is eagerly awaiting fee 
next round of Arts Council!- 
funding to find out if there will 7 
be enough cash in the kitty to u 
stage a spectacular departure “ 
from fee National Theatre, -• 
when his contract expires in :: 
1988. The Arts Diary invites 1 
readers to suggest an appro-.!, 
priate production for Sir'-’ 
Peter's South Bank swan-song. 
Bottles of bubbly for the besr" 

Gavin Bell r 

A Handbook for Visitors from 
Outer Space by Kathryn 
Kramer (Faber, £4.96) 

This first novel became some- 
thing of a cult book when it 
was published in the United 
States two years ago. ft is part 
fantasy, part suburban Ameri- 
can, and an original and 
clever. No one knew when the 
war had started, by whom or 
wife what purpose, ft bad not 
been declared. Those who 
tried- ta join . up could not 
discover. . where to present 
themselves ... - . 

Ha wk sm oor by Peter Ackroyd 
(Abacus. £3.95) 

This combination of psycho- 
logical ihriDer, ghost story, 
metaphysical tract, and 

sifaL Chausson’s Eng Arthur 
makes a powerful stir. Indeed, 
the echoes have to be there, for 
fee work's subtext concerns 
fee problem of creating opera 

after Wagner- . 

The obvious comparison 
wonU be wife Petto * ^except 
feat where Debussy, fi nds a 
M my. ChMsson is ftraj 
into doubt Md draper by rt* 


in almost minimalist terms. 

These set pieces, wife fee 
magnificent Arthur-Merlin 
scene in. fee second act, are the 

/agner in grand death is more 
persuasive than the evocation 
of him in the two big love 

^French Radio Chorus 

black discs) 1. 

, of fee stories have a 
liar ring* A qneen and s* 

^knight consorting 
with a servant tt 
warfl. A ruler fa d tsr 
httfmes calls «P 
nt ally to prophwy no® 

Sd AbodyrfO^ 

ers is infected wife sw. 
for all the echWS ° f 
an, SUgfiied and Pur- 

crpdal: one hears it m 
Cbansson's orchestral tnrnra- 
thms, fa an important motif 
lifted bodily, and m fee pervar 
sive sense of fee tabo ®^ 
weary hopelessness fatal 
from Wagner’s final art. 
Cbansson's third act 
wife a grim 

essay W-TBy 

death sMnes.Arfl , wto’ ™ 
stace has moved from, sus- 
pfc«» to the demerattco® 
Erf human 

„e fa finally arned rf f a™, 

the watery atceged.!^; 
unaccompanied fenate^™^ 
featachieves diatonic sfabufty 

Admittedly, though, these, 
are not helped by fee thin-, 
toned Lancelot of Gtteta 
Wmbergh or by Teresa Zylis- 
Gara's swooping and casnaDy 
psrjaounced Guinevere. The 
real hero is fee Arthur of Gino 
Quilico who combines a free 
manly strength with capndtiea 
for profound doubt. 

It is much harder to he 
convinced of the seriousness erf 
Franck's oratorio of blessed- 
ness. faoogh l am not rare by 
what right sw* sweet piety 
may be dismissed - especially 
when it draws alar min gly near 
to Messiaen's Saint Fnmpa. 

Paul Griffiths 




South Padflc Kanawa, 
Carreras, Vaughan, Patinkln, 
LSO/TurfidcOTS SM 42205 
(Black disc, also CD mid 

Tcfarfkovsky The Nutcracker ' 
— co mplete St Louis 
SO/Slatirin. RCA RL 87005 (2) 
(two Mack discs, also CDs 
and cassettes) * 

Deutsche. Grammopbon's 
highly successful (in commer- 
cial terms, anyway) use of two 
operatic stars — Kiri. Te 
Kanawa and Josd Carreras — 
to sing fee leading nMes in last 
year's recording, of West Side 
Story has prompted another 
company, CBS. to try fee 

same “crossover” nick wife 
Sooth Pacific, the 1949 
Rodgers and Hammerstetn 

The Emile de Becque part 
was actually conceived by 
Rodgers for an operatic voice; 
Carreras is definitely a tenor ^ — 
but fee conductor of this 
recording, Jonathan Tunick, is 
a deft and experienced hand at 
transposing and adjusting 
orchestrations. And Carreras 
does sing “Some enchanted 
evening” gloriously: sustain- 
ing fee crescendo effortlessly, 
adding a hammy but undeni- 
ably effective sob on “across a 
crowded room”: 

Then there is Sarah 
Vaughan, doing' something 
smokily inimitable, improvi- 
satory and brilliant to “Bali 
WT and “Happy Talk”. The 
LSO plays well, 1 though 
Tunkk's conducting is a little 
dipped and tmexpansiye. 

But when Hammerstrin 
penned the immortal thought 
that there is nothing like a 
dame, I do not think be bad 

dames like Dame Kiri in 
mind. She makes every effort, 
in “Honey Bun” especially, to 
rein in the “operatic” tone, 
but never really derides be- 
tween a Julie Andrews sort of 
plummy crooning, or an un- 
settling and unconvincing at- 
tempt to be raunchy. 

Among the St Louis Sym- 
phony Orchestra's chief assets 
are a super-smooth Mend of 
wind sound; a big, warm string 
tone; and - a. generally up- 
holstered approach to every- 
thing they play. These, and fee 
concern wife absolute pre- 
cision, makes listening to this 
complete Nntcndier record- 
ings more brtess unobjection- 
able experience, but also a 

tame one. 

The woodwind are never 
allowed to be individual; fee 
“national” dances suffer in 
particular from, this suave, 
characterless approach. 
Rohzdestvensky, Dorati or 
Ansermet are all closer to the 
real Tchaikovsky spirit. 

Richard Morrison 


Prizes of the New Collins Thesaurus will be given for the first two ■ 
correct solutions opened on Thursday, October 16. 1986. Entries 
should be addressed to The Times Concise Crossword Com- 
petition. I Pennington Street. London, EIX9. The winners and. 
solution will be announced on Saturday. October 18, 1986. 


1 US soda! clique (4.7) 

9 Unbeliever (7) 

10 Sound (5) 

'll Still (3) 

13 Italian money (4) 

16 Hiller’s party (4) 

17 Writhe (6) 

18 Eastern nurse (4) 

30 Leather foot cover 


21 Pear-shaped fruit (6) 

22 Vessel bow (4) 

33 Strikes lightly (4) 

25 Army elite force 


28 Upper leg (5) 

29 Tudor/Siuarteard 

30 Holland (II) 


2 Bid (5) 

3 Horseback outing (4) 

4 Unsightly (4) 

5 Surface dip (4) 

6 Tombstone Inscrip- 
tion (7) 

7 1st Earl of Chatham 

8 Halfboard (4.7) 

12 Message (6) 

14 Bonn residue (3) 

15 Nail halhnoon (6) 

19 Suffer acute pain (7) 

2§ Position (3) 

24 In Rom IS) 

25 Former Iran ruler (4) 

26 Box lightly (4) 

27 Oral exam (4) 


ACROSS: 1 Gentlewoman 9 Asunder 10 Say-so 1 1 Nut 13 
Axel 16 Amen 17 Abrupt 18 Hump 20 Blur 21 Source 22 Son 
Glad 25 Bud 28 Rebel 29 Ampoule 30 Guiia-percba 
DOWN: 2 Elude 3Todo 4 Earn 5 Oust 6 Abysmal 7Zare- 
thustra 8 Downtrodden 12 Umpire 14 Lap IS Ormolu 19 Mara- 
bou 20 Beg 24 Laugh ZSBJoi 26 Damp 27 Spur 



ACROSS: 1 Stoker SCbmera 8HRH 9 

Grotto 10 Incise il Heed l2Bamardo 1< 

Hordes 17 Armlet 19 Dovetail 22 Romp 

Novena 25 Energy 26 Ria 27 System 28 


DOWN: 2 Tone 3 Katydid 4 Rhombus f 
Chirr 6 Mocha 7 Residue 13 Nor 15 
Otology 16 Ear 17 Allheal ISMorceau 21 
Erect 21 Alarm 23 Magic 

The triniKis of prize concise Nu !07t are: 

Mrs ('. Cotmll. Samemlie Drive, Burner, 
Oxfordshire; and Mr J. 4. F. 

McCall uni. Hulhunt Street. Aberdeen, Scotland 

asrs -■ -• i r rvryy.AV 1 ^m.vjjar j« -ait- 


iltiiljimiliiii1iiitimmiilll!llll!(i«ii ; 





SOLO FLIGHT: Nlaedee Duprte, 

bom in Switzerland, came to London 
intending a musical career, took 
dancing classes at The Place and 
quickly became one of Britain's 
best independent solo dancsrs. This 
year's Dance Umbrella features 
her in two new programmes — a solo 
recital at The Place (01 - 387 0031 ) 
tonight relies on her gift for character 
and atmosphere, ana includes a 
dance based on Maria Callas; and at 
Riverside Studios (01-748 3354) 
on October 24 she collaborates with 
composer John-Marc Gowans. 


FALLEN IDOL: Anthony Eden (as 
seen by Low) was the golden boy of 
British politics whose career was 
destroyed by ill-health and the Suez 
crisis. Five years ago he was the 
subject of a hostile Diography by 
David Carlton, which has just 
appeared in paperback (Unwin, 
£8.95). Now comes a more 
sympathetic portrait, written by 
Robert Rhodes James and 
drawing on Eden's private papers. ' 
Anthony Eden -The Authorised 
Biography is published on Monday 
(WewenfeW and Nkxjison, £14.95). 

V vV 

LOVE LORE: Georges Feydeau, 

the master of French farce, makes 
his Royai Shakespeare Company 
debut with Scenes From a Marriage. 
three one-act plays adapted by 
Peter Barnes ana directed by Terry 
Hands. The character of the 
untamed shrew is reputedly based 
on Feydeau's wife, whom he left 
after a violent quarrel. The plays 
were the last Feydeau wrote and 

from Thursday. 

Houston’s first British concerts 
promise to be a lavish and much 
talked about affair. Her background 
as heir to the Cissy Houston, Dee - 
Dee and Dionne Warwick dynasty 
has blessed her with the voice 
and poise of a performer beyond her 
23 years, while four top producers 

S uided the making of last year’s 
abut album. She will perform “in 
the round" with a frill band and 
backing singers at Wembley 
Arena (01-902 1234) from Thursday 
for four nights. 


WEST WORLD: Timothy West 
whose portraits from life include 
Edward VII. Sir Thomas Beecham 
and Winston Churchill, essays 
another in John Bodkin Adams, 
the Eastbourne doctor suspected or 
murdering rich widows for their 
money, west has dug deep into the 
character and come up with a 
performance that is intelligent and 
vivid. The screenplay for The 
Good Doctor Bodkin Adams is by 
Richard Gordon of the "Doctor' 
books. B8C1, tomorrow, 9.05- 
10 . 20 pm. 


DOUBLE BLOW: Ecklia Daniels, •• 
the young American clarinettist 
follows a distinguished line, which 
includes Benny Goodman and 
Wynton Marsalis, of jazz 
musicians who are equally at home ir 
the classical repertoire. He 
displays both facets in a concert with 
the London Symphony Orchestra. 

In the first half he plays Mozart's 
Clarinet Concerto ana In the 
second jazz arrangements of Bach 
and Ravel with the John 
Dankworth Trio. Barbican Centre - . 
( 01-628 8795), Friday, 7.45pm. 


REVENGE (18): A rapid sequel 
to the lively horror hit of 1984, 
with Mark Patton as the 
teenage boy suffering all the 
torments sustained in the 
original by a teenage girl. With 
Kim Myers, Robert Enalund; 
directed by Jack Shofaer. 
Leicester Square Theatre (01- 
930 5252). From Fri. 

Pop luminary Madonna plays 
a missionary In 1938, tracking 
down opium with the help of 
Sean Penn's adventurer. An 
old-fashioned thriller with 
newsworthy stars and a low 
believability rating. 

Warner (01-439 (3791). Cannon 
Haymarket (01-839 1527). 

From Fri. 


Middle-class London life 
adroitly put under the 
microscope, with Anthony 
Hopkins and Jim Broadbent 
as estranged husbands trying 
to maintain contact with their 

Renoir (01-837 8402), Bectric 
Screen (01-229 3694). 

• Cinderella (U) twirls again; 
(he Disney cartoon feature of 
1950 springs no surprises, bat 
tells its story with skilful 
animation, attractive mask 
and a good sense of character. 
Odeon Marble Arch (01-723 
2011). Cannon Haymarket 
(01-839 1527). From Fri. 

producer who teamed Laurel 
with Hardy - now a sprightly 
94-year-old - talks about his 
life and times at the National 
Film Theatre (01-928 2232), 
Thurs, 8.30pm. 


Sinopoti conducts the 
Philharmonia Chorus and 
Orchestra in Verdi's Four 
Sacred Pieces. Later comes 
Tchaikovsky's Symphony No 5. 
Royal Festival Hal. South Bank, 
London SE1 (01-928 3191, 
credit cants 01-928 8800). 
Today. 730pm. 


Brahms's German Requiem is 
performed by the London 
Symphony Chorus, LSO and 
soloists under Richard Hickox. 
And Heather Harper sings 
Richard Strauss's Four Last 

Barbican Centre, Silk St 
London EC2 (01-628 8795, 
credit cards 01-638 8891). 
Tomorrow, 7.30pm. 

Bntten/Tippett Festival 
reaches hie former's Our 
Hunting Fathers, the letter's 
Symphony No 3. Sir John 
Pritchard conducts the BBC 

Royal Festival HaO. Tomorrow, 
7.30 pm. 

WEBER’S 200TR- Another 
Weber bicentenary concert 
The Age of Enlightenment 
plays me Freiscntitz and 
Oberon Overtures, Symphony 

No 2, Antony Pay solos in 
Clarinet Concerto No 1, 
Metvyn Tan (fortepiano) In the 

Queen Elizabeth Hall, South 
Bank, London SE1 (01-928 
3191, credit cards 01-928 
8800). Mon. 7.45pm. 

Skrowaczewski brings the 
Halts Orchestra south for 
Shostakovich's Symphony No 
5 and Malcolm Frager sons in 
Beethoven's Piano Concerto 
No 3. 

Royal Festival Hafl. Tues, 

FROM BELGIUM: The Belgian 
Chamber Orchestra makes 
one of its rare visits, with 
Stravinsky's Apofo 
Musagetes, Mozart’s 
Divertimento K 136, 

Respighi's Ancient Airs and 
Dances and the UK premiere 
of Fontaine's Concertino do 

St John's, Smith Sq, London 
SW1 (01-222 1061). Wed. 

toe Wigmore Hall's Eastern 
European Series Sophie 
Langdon plays Russian violin 
music Prokofiev's Sonata No 
2, Stravinsky's Suite Itafienne, 
Tchaikovsky's Souvenir d’un 
Uqu Chef 

Wigmore Hail. Fri, 7.30pm. 


EVERYMAN: Returns with a 
potent documentary on the 
often forgotten war in 
Afghanistan. Jeff Harmon's 
film took a year to make 
and contains dramatic 
sequences of actual 
combat BBC1 , tomor ro w, 
10.20-1 1.15pm. 


Profiles the great violinist, 
Itzhak Perlman, who tafta 
from his home in New York 
about the development of 
his distinctive style. ITV, 
tomorrow, 10.30-1 1 ,30pm. 

MAVIS ON 4: Mavis 
Nicholson, one of the most 
accomplished of TV 
interviewers, starts a new 
twice weekly series. On 
Monday she talks to writer and 
fellow Welshperson, 

Kingsley Amis, and on 
Wednesday to the people 
who admrnster social security. 
Channel 4, 4-4.30pm. 

CAR WARS: On the eve of 
the Motor Show, a report by 
Philip Tibenham on the 
state of the industry world- 
wide and Britain's dedining 
role in it ITV, Wed, 9-1 0pm. 
THE BID: On Friday we 
shall know whether 

Essex University (Q206 

TED HAWKINS: His London 
dates have been a spectacular 
success, and now the 49- 
year-old former busking hobo 
from LA takes his rich sou) 
voice further afield. 

Tonight Rotheram Arts 
Centre. Sheffield (0709 
73866); tomorrow, Daddy 
Warbudk's, Glasgow (041 332 
0122): Mon, The Windsor, 
Perth (0736 23969); Tues. 

New Crown Hotel. South 
SheBdS (091 455 3472); Wed, 
Country Club, Kirk Lavington 
(0642 780345); Thurs, Astoria 
Ballroom, Leeds (0532 
490362); Fri, Town & Country 
Club, London NW5 (01-267 

THE SMITHS: Bigmouth back 
on the road, with Marr and Co 
sounding more than ever like 
a rock band after their 
American tour. 

Mon. Sands Centre. Carlisle 
(0228 25222); Tues, 
Middlesborough Town HaO 


Painters of the Scottish 
Enlightenment including 
Ramsay, Raeburn and WHkie 
in major exhibition first shown 
in Edinburgh. 

Tate GaHery, MHlbank, London 
SW1 (01-821 1313) from Wed. 

(0642 245432 f. Wed, 
Wolverhampton Civic Hal 
(0902 28482); Fri. St Austen 
Leisure Centre (0726 61585). 

1941 crime story by John 
Mair, long out of print but 
about to be re-issued, about a 
joumafisfs infatuation with a 
woman spy. With Gareth 
Armstrong and Natasha Pyne. 
Radio 4, today, 7-8 30pm. 

THE LAW: Documentary by 
psychologist Dr Nicholas 
Humphrey on the 
extraordinary medieval 

S of trying animate 

gs to cows and rats) 
an crimes. 

Radio 3, Mon, 8-8J30pm. 


Cyril Cusack as the butler to 
an English femBy during the 
Irish potato famine of toe 
1840s. WiWam Trevor's play 
completes a series of four 
dramas set in his native 

Radio 4, Mon, 8.15-930pm. 

• Judging from toe number of 
her friends and lovers, the 
artist Nina Hamnett (1890- 
1956) most have had little time 
to address herself to toe 
canvas. Bat in toe twenties the 
“Queen of Bohemia*' was re- 
garded as the best-known 
British pamter in Paris. An 
intriguing new exhibition re- 
el odes paintings both of and 
by her, including Bonce 
Brodzky — Backview (above, 
brash and ink, 1915). Michael 
Parkin Fine Ait, II Metootnb 
Street, London SW1 (01-235 
8144) from Wed. 

paintings and pastels by one 
of the RA summer exhibition's 

Agnew & Sons, 43 Old Bond 
Sheet, London W1 (01- 
629 6176) from Wed. . 

POUSSIN: First in series of 
shows placing paintings in 
their context, with Nicolas 
Poussin's "Venus and 
Mercury" reunited with 
another fragment from the 

Dulwich Picture Gallery. 
College Road, London SE21 
(01-693 5254) from Wed. 


sculpture that moves, by the 
Nigerian bom artist freshly 
graduated from the RCA and 
already acclaimed as a star — 
Sokan Douglas Camp. 

Milton Keynes Exhibition 
Gallery. 555 Sitoury 
Boulevard, Milton Keynes 
(0908 605536) from TTiurs. 

Portraits of four-legged 
friends by a latter-day 
Landseer. Michelle Pearson 

Sfrro^To^on^NI (01- 

235 4526) from Mon. 


extraordinary world where the 
British architects Foster, 
Rogers and Stirling's dreams 
come true, mainly tn miniature, 
biit sometimes full-scale. 

Royal Academy, Piccadilly, 
London W1 (01-734 9052). 

-734 9052) 


comedy/satire by 
actor/playwright Jonathan 
Moore, as seen at the Royal 
Exchange, Manchester, earlier 
this year. Directed by Gregory 

Donmar (01-240 8230). 
Previews from Mon. Opens 


Eileen Nicholas as the lonely 
spinster in Franz Xaver 
Kroetz's play, Fringe First 
Award winner at Edinburgh 
and as seen in the Perrier 
Pick of the Fringe season at 
the Donmar. Directed by 
Nancy DiugukL 
Bush (01-743 3388). Opens 

CARTOONS: Una Stubbs, 
Derek Griffiths. Geoffrey 
Hughes and James Warwick, 
directed by Tudor Davie in 
Clive Barker's fantasy comedy 
about an animation artist 
whose creations come to life 
and take over his home and 

at Watford, now directed by 
Paul Unwin, with Teresa 
Baden, Pauline Yates and 
John Ronane as the rebellious 
adolescent and her parents, 
with Kevin Uoyd as the Dev9. 
Theatre Royal Old Vte (0272 
24388). Until Nov 1. 

LEEDS: The Crucible: John 
Harrison directs Arthur Miller's 
drama of 17th-century witch- 
hunts In the US. paralleled by 
the McCarthyism of the 1950s. 
Playhouse (0532 442111). 

Until Nov 1. 



LILLIAN: Frances de la Tour 
as Lillian Herman in a piece 
by Wffliam Luce, based on 
Hell nan's autobiographical 
writings. Directed by Gorin 


GHOSTS: Vanessa Redgrave 
makes a memorable Mrs 
Ahring in David Thacker's 
cJean-Hmbed production. 
Young Vic (01-928 6363). 

MASSAGE: Michael WHcox's 
bold three-hander about 

MARRIAGE: Peter Barnes's 
adaptation of three late 
Feydeau one-act plays to 
produce a farcicafly violent 
view of marriage as a 
battleground. Terry Hands 
directs Janet Dale, Susan 
CoJverd, Ruby Head, Lila 
Kaye, Miriam Karlin, Griffith 

Barbican (01-628 8795/638 
8891). Previews Thurs, Fri, 
Oct 18, 20-22. Opens Oct 23. 
in repertory. 


BELFAST: Mary Stuart 
Stephen Spender's translation 
of the SchiHer play, Greeted 
by Richard DigbyDay, with 
Linda Wray as Mary and 
Vivienne Floss as Bizabeth I. 
Lyric Players (0232 660081). 
Until Oct 25. 

BRISTOL: Talk of the Davit 
Mary O'Malley's comedy of 
Catholic family life, first seen 

Birmingham wiD stage the 
1992 Olympics. Ron Pickering 
examines the city’s year- 
long campaign and the 
personalities behind it 
BBC1 , Wed, 9.35-1 035pm. 


CHINA: Last week of London 
season. Programme today 
and Tues, Wed, includes The 
Now Yeats Sacrifice and 
the lakeside scene from Swan 
Lake. Red Detachment of 
Women and Maid of the Sea 
are on the bill Thurs, Fri and 
Oct 18. 

Sadler's Wells (01-278 

La VgJse, BirrtJay’s new 
Calantenes ana Robins's 
The Dreamer and The Concert 
today. Mon, Thurs and Fri. 
MacMillan's Mayeriing is given 
Tues, Wed- 

Covent Garden (01-240 

ON TOUR: London Festival 
Ballet takes Coppelia to the 
New Theatre, hull (0482 
23638) Tues-Oct 18 while its 
offshoot LFB2, visits Parc 
and Dare HaU, Treorchy (Tues, 
Wed) and Teatr Hafren, 
Newtown (Fri and Oct 18) with 

f L'j 

Michael Clark, John Neumeto’ 
and Ben Stevenson. 

• Jeff Bridges stars in 
Cotter’s Way (BBC2, tomor- 
row, 10.20pm- 1 2.05am), a 
first television showing of a 
dense, enigmatic thriller di- 
rected by the expatriate Czech, 
Ivan Passer. Bridges and John 
Heard play Californian mis- 
fits on the trail of an oil tycoon 
after a young woman is found 
dead. From a conventional tale 
of murder, blackmail and re- 
venge, Passer has fashioned 
an ootsider's bleak appraisal 
of the American dream. 

(1939): Laurence Olivier and 
Merle Oberon in a 

tomorrow, 1Q.20pm-12.l5am). 

Crisp Randolph Scott Western 
from cult director Budd 
Boetticher (BBC2, Wed, 6- 
7.1 0pm). 

WOMAN (1982): Michelangelo 
Antonioni's portrait of a film 
maker (Tomas Millan) going 

COdebreaker and friend: Joanna David and Derek Jacoiri star in Hugh Whiteinore’s tribute to Alan Turing (inset) 

Sum total of a forgotten genius 

D erek Jacobi returns to the 
West End next week to play 
one of the most extraordinary 
Englishmen of this century in 
Breaking the Code. 

Hugh Whiteraoie’s new play is the 
stoiy of Alan Turing, the mathematical 
genius credited with being the father of 
the modem computer whose work, at 
Bleichley Park during the Second World 
War did more than any other to break 
the German Enigma codes. 

Turing's name was almost unknown 
until 1974 when details of the Bletchley 
codebreaking effort became public. By 
that stage he had been dead for 20 years, 
he and his prototype computer, the 
Turing machine, largely forgotten. 

Finally commemorated in 1984 by 
the establishment of the Turing In- 
stitute ai the University of Strathclyde. 
Turing was a flawed character whose 
homosexuality and hatred of conven- 
tion finally hastened his premature 
death. He was the subject of a learned 
biography. The Enigma of Intelligence. 
by raathematyrian Andrew Hodges in 


from Bradford continue their 
tour to promote the excellent 
The Ghost of Cain album. ■■ 
Raw guitar rock played with 
energy and guile. 

Tonight, Royal Court. 
Liverpool (051 709 4321); 
tomorrow. Powerhouse, 
Birmingham (021 643 4715); 
Mon, Rods City, Nottingham 
(0602 412544); Tues. 
Coasters, Edinburgh (031 228 
3252); Wed, Bradfoid 
University (0274 733466); 
Thurs, Queensway HaU, 
Dunstable (0582 603326); Fri, 

1983 which was the spur, for 
Whitemore, looking for a character to fit 
Jacobi's particular skills. 

“I am neither mathematician nor 
homosexual - it was all outside my 
range. But having read' the book I just 
had to mate it a play," says Whitemore, 
whose. recent work includes Pack of Lies 
about the Kroger spy case. 

Hodges's biography was heavy on 
mathematical analysis while 
Whitemore wanted to concentrate on 
delving into the darker recesses of 
T uring’s restless personality. But he says 
he found himself writing a long speech 
in the first act devoted to the intricacies 
of mathematical paradox. 

"It's actually very complicated, but to 
Derek's and my amazement the preview 
audiences not only listened — they 
laughed at the paradoxes in it It was a 
wonderfully rewarding thing to hear." 

The play carries an indictment of the 
fear and ignorance of homosexuality in 
'post-war years. Turing was arrested and 
convicted, then made to undergo a year- 
long course ofi^emale hormone injec- 

tions. popularly believed to reduce or 
eradicate the homosexual urge. He 
found he was growing breasts and 
though outwardly appearing to conquer 
his humiliation, committed suicide two 
years later in 1954 in typically unique 

fashion - eating an apple soaked in 
cyanide. His favourite film had been 
Snow White, his favourite sesne the one 

where the Wicked Witch dangled an 
apple in a boiling brew of poison. 

S ays Whitemore: “He was a type 
of Renaissance Man. a theorist, a 
visionary, aqd a practical man 
who could make things with his 
own hands. He had ideas which were 
enormously far-reaching and ambitious 
but he put them into practice." 

Jacobi, whose career is already distin- 
guished. will be making his first West 
End appearance in a new play with 
Breaking The Code. Of Turing he says: 
“He was a man who was outwardly grey 
— but who thought in rainbows." 

Christopher Wilson 

artistic torment (Channel 4, Fri, 
11 .20 pm- 1.40am). 

Bohe mian revels aH week. 
Main attractions include the 


Sat (01-439 0747), the Kmna, 
City piamst Jay McShann a 

and ageless hipster 
Slim Gaiilard at the Wag Club 
(01-437 5534), also Wed. 

Keyboardist Django Bates and 
percussionist Steve 

Arguettes play witty games. 
Tomorrow, Bass Clef, 

London N1 (01-729 2476) 

LOOSE TUBES: Bates and 
ArgueDes rejoin the 21-piece 
band which has blown such 
fresh air through the British 
scene this year, and now 
begins a national tour. 

Tues, South Hffl Park Arts 
Centre, Bracknell (0344 
484123); Wed, Logan Hail, 
LondonWCI (01-3879629); 
Thurs, Southampton 
Guildhall (0703 32601 ); Fri, 
Theatre Royal. Plymouth 
(0762 669595) 

ART FARMER: Marvellous, 
plum-toned exponent of the 

Thurs, Molr Hall, Mitchell 
Theatre. Glasgow (041-552 


The monoded English - •*-. 
poseurs of Jonathan Miner's 

OLDHAM: Love on the Dote: 
The Ronald Gow and Waiter 
Greenwood classic tale of 
Lancashire life, second in a 
trilogy of plays here under the 
collective title of “Loving and 

Coliseum (061 624 2829). Until 
Nov 1. . 

World premiere of a drama of 
personal uncertainty and 
discovery by actor/playwright 
Paul Copley, with a local 

Stephen Joseph Theatre 
(0723 370541). Preview 
matinde Thurs. Opens Thurs 

on Wed and Oct 18 at 7.30pm. 
Tonight Mon and Thurs at 
7.30pm Graham Vick's 
handsome and thoughtful - 
Madam Butterfly, and on Tues 
and Fri at 7pm Copley's kftsch 

Coliseum, St Martin's Lane, ' 
London WC2 (01-836 3161). 

OPERA: The company begins 
on home ground this 
afternoon and Oct 18 at 5pm 
with the beautifully scaled, 
deliciously comic Albert 
Herring, now conducted by - 
Oliver Knussen; Simon 
Boccaneara, directed for the 
tour by Stephen Lawless, on 
Tues and Thurs at 7pm; and 
Peter Hag's illuminating Don 
Giovanni, conducted by Martin 
Insepp, on Wed and Fri at - - 
7pm. Fight for tickets. 

G horde bourne. East Lewes, 
East Sussex (0273 812411). 

KENT OPERA: At Bath this 
week with its new Carmen. 
produced by Robin Lefovre on 
Tues and Oct 18; with a single 
performance of Nicholas 
Hytner's stylish Marriage of 
Ftgaro on Wed; and with 
Monteverdi's The Coronation 
ofPoppea, set in the 
seventeenth century of Inigo 
Jones, on Thurs and Fri. AS 
performances start at 7 pm. 
Theatre Royal, Bath (0225 




booking opens Wed for 
Ruddkjpre and The Count of 

Nigel Douglas, with John, 
Brecknock and Tudor Davies. 
Feb 19-March 14. 

Sadler's Wells Theatre, 
Rosebery Avenue, London 

EC1 (01-278 8916) 
(information 01-278 0855). - 

BALLET: Postal booking 
opens Tues for 40th 
anniversary season. 

Sadler's Wells Theatre, 
Rosebery Avenue, London . 
EC1 (01 -278 891 6 Information 
01-278 0855/5450). Personal 
and phone booking Oot 28. 

Booking open for individual 
concerts for season including 
Haydn's Creation, and an aH 
Beethoven evening; with . 
appearances by Oscar 
Shumsky, John Lili, Iona 
Brown, Okko Kamu, and 
Walter Weller. Dec 2-May 19. 
CBSO Bookings, Box Office. 
Town Hall, Cheltenham, Glos 
(0242 523690). 


SIMON BOND: Retrospective 
of published works, including 
drawings from 101 Uses For A 
Dead Cat. Artwork for sale. 
Ends tod|ay. 

National Theatre, South Bank, 
London S£1 (01-928 2033). 

Paintings and prints by 
students from Venice. Also 
Photos of Peace. Both end 

Royal Festival Hall, South 
Bank, London, SE1 (01-928 


GOODWIN: Centenary 
exhibition of architect- 
designer, famous to his 

original Anglo-Japanese 
furniture, textiles and 
wallpapers; plus his work as a 
costume and stage designer. 
Ends tomorrow. 

Victoria and Albert Museum, 
Cromwell Road, London SW7 
(01-589 6371). . . 

For ticket availability, 
performance and opening 
times, telephone the 
n ambers listed. Bookings; 

Anne Wbfteboase; r ' 
Concerts: Max Harrison; 

Dance: John Permal; 
Films: Geoff Brown; Filins 
M TV: Peter Waymnriq 
Galleries: Sarah Jane ' 
Checkhtndt Jazz: Richard 
Williams; Opera: Hilary 
Finch; Radio; Peter 

Waynurk; RockrJDatid 

Sinclair; Television: Peter 
Waymark; Theatre: Tony: 
Patrick and Martin . 

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7A5pm Stferao 'A Maumnef NigM's Dnni. Symmortv No4 'Habin 1 
tatawtay: taauonson a Rococo THwne Oo 33. Cawasso 
natal Cl? SO C1QJ0.C8-S0. CS.50. £5 £350 

W LOTOOW SYWHOKV ORCHESTRA. John Q«e> 9 iK 8 a ( Conor ' 


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Olhor tfCrttDy WAfW 

gHjrf ^A^Tttnasaatt 

_ tm«nwrt WWiaB3aB SwSBMBoaamnaAtmLia 



Principal Conduaon Giuseppe Sinopoli 
Principal Guest ContL: Esa-Pekka Salonen 


The Tam 3.9.86 





Verdi: Ctaamo peza sacri 
Tchaflan^kyi.Syinphany No. 5 

Monday Next D October at 7J0 


Wagner: Die Meistersmger - Overture 
Haydn: CeBo Cooceno in D 
Elgar: Symphony No. 1 

rnniWN Mcola CarnMta 'pnoi McMm DaM usnei SoetMrt 
Ojm*^ A.0 667 iToj:i. Matter Plano OiorMKt A m«x. atom 
□maOuanaimF K- 370 . Ii#— Omaat mEituan ’6 
. PSOrajOES Lpnoc»Sow»CtmrBa>OpaM«l»a 

MMf AOM UNATi^O .amiMniugi "j£j«i«FtA ihwToN 
rfc**> Mgal rmm l^onoi *Sc— MMW ■janoi » maqramnwat 
®u ic b, Cmwoo*. Mm, Martaa. Mtmtaa. PraMMm. M, 
Wamnd RaodL C □ <ti*rimftnCvc« n Snriwiv I til 

- smjLULiti iUvg g Tguj c voJje uwi> j^wS-3 

UBMPoMMiMme BauaMNc. zuibimny Au MtaOiaMF Murta 
Sonata warn un* wu> au Omr. fcntmnnn Aumm Op i& 
Toccvnoo 7. Rm—I U- to m oaau ae Couomat 
£250 Oft End CoaamnS 

■NCHAEL &>K itiLTaj wact CUr>ON i<Mrn< Pm Sana 3TE 
DWK>r. EMrv 1034 UNaa arose SoaaemC Faurt Faniau- XaMati 
uanaaomanaBiamafican wacais Exo-ramna Mk Radugli Due 
IW ta. PiMm Si«K Awnc Sonata. 

0.0 M MNaaan LunoChnoatMa na opniatit i 

JtaWM OTK, EMON UaMEmON S mmS«h ““ 1 
{BMpa Sonata TIb tom* Di*Mfi 00 Connor llama Ctamai (ham i 

Sytai Jungs Manaoaman 

pceompan^eq py a Troa, Bear flaymano GnOOJt L/j 

Su n” LdNOON PWLHAFnuoaac'ONtHESTTiA. Noonan bat Mar 

Wpct lonei Paacat Roga iptanoi MancMaaotm; Ov Theiieondes 
7J0pm iftmas Cavei Hatxfal: Royal fmiaona Muac B aathoveiv: 

tana Concerto Mg S -Empaor Heart: Symphony No ao KSSO 

C1150.C10^0.I3^0.C8 C6-S0.CS50 BaymonaGuOCui Ua 

Mpet 1 condl Arma-Sophla Bfattar hatUn) VW*n WMiama Fanuaa 
7A5pm on Thomas Tads The™ Brode VnHnConceno Mo 1 Dadus: 

Tlv> w*rfv 10 the PriniOc- 4 .- Garden titan 'A VAine flomeo 3tti 

Jt*pr Elgar- trugma \tmnnnt. Op 36. re rums only 

Too GERSHWIN EVENING London Concert Orthaanm. Bran 
21 Oct Wright i j Ma l fo im Bmna (ptanol Oarahw ln: An Amccan n 

7Mpm Rsns. RniBKody *1 Bta igotRhymi Usnawns ’tagv and 
Bess Symphonic Pcttae 

£10 50. S3 SO. Cfl^fl C7 C 6 CS. Quotum Lta 

22CW Cancan Orch. Chriatophar Aday iconfll Ctaka Praanaa imc:»i 
%4Spm Corp* at Druns of The Royal Marinas (Home Fleet) F>iog hk 

■Wk» by Bpathoiim. HandeL Aim. Sgk Wood. Matt. Htagsn. 
cm 50. C9. C750. C6. C4 SO Rennonp Guopji lay 

zaoct ANMVERSARV. Lonoon Symphony Orch. Vbrt SinoMM icond) 
ZASpm Ptar OOMtmpfMnqi Khachaturian: Spomcus Euccrpis 
Rachattminow: Piano Cancerio No 4 RknakyHCoraaAov; 

Shehwazaaa ClgJO, CiOJO. CR50. E&50. CS . case 

Ki tS^Y OF LONDON iotFOMIArRIcfirtTseiioa (cone I (Seda 

Z« Oct Ouaaaf ipwnol Mat n H MiO lt n : Ow -1116 Hpomta (Fmmte CjvtI 
245pm tam Pamns Op 50 Chonai: Pan Concario No ? Mtuare 

Swnohonv No 4t m C KMi- Jupoef. PmKipai Soamor 

C9. C7S0. C650. CS. C4 John Lama Construction Ud 



,ch il'liE 


2 (, ir ni)IL 

Thursday 23 October at 73 0 


Berio: Sinfoma 
Grieg: Piano Concerto 
Debussy: La Mer 


Ttftcm: £330. £ 4 . 50 . &-W.J7, & 

AvaflaMc from Hail (01-928 3190 CC 101-928 8800)4 agnss 






/tnVjfSk Vdudkonahy PIANO CONCERTO No. 1 

fcQKtBgtB Tchaitowky CAPRICOO 1TAUEN 


RavrL — ' _ '•'' ' _ "" ****** 

,nt0.c8./0-M-i.m-a.fl).» Hin 01-928 3191 CC 01-92H 8800 

Wednesday 22 October at 730 

SBC Symphony Orchestra 


"■taegto BERLIOZ Overoxre ‘Les fames-juges’ 

WAGNER orch. HENZE Wesendccack Songs 
T CHAIKO VSKY Manfred Symphony 

1 2. tJ5P. iCS. J&8, £il Bn* offer 01-931 3191 CC 01-928 8800 

- Saturday HERMANN PREY oamnne. LEONARD HOKANSON piano Sana 
It Oetaar Racttl Senas- ScMien Song* C BaladH to IBM by Gome. 
7JDPJB. SetoMteOwStoigw Samauem. Rashrua u«e Mrwoi Soto. Oer 
Fochar Dw Kong m Taunt. Dm SnaagraMt. EmoixQ. Piometnuus. 

tag ajapjneegmcgiaMOMiByjafaamtAPaaNMgto 

Sunday ostrobothwiam CHAUBErtOOCXESTRA. JM KangM cunoucax. 
UDctoba* Jail Vito woNt Sunday Nemng Gaflaa Conceit HaruMC Genera 

TUDul Gkhr> 0 p. 6 N 0 1 .JS Batar wwiConcano Bwv 10 * 1 . SrtaTi^ 

Nome UWMMS Op 63. NangpKRmdB 01 Country FeUMA 

OmcBipg hta cohe en narry A ot uta ti alar pgi 

Sundry anThOny pleETh SoEnmio helvyn tan fonamana Eany 
12 Oetebar Mime 6 BattUM San** Bemoncn C&o Sonata m F Op 5 No 1 
NBStarHnc Vamtoom on *B«i Mannam from The Mur Ruto' (Moxart), Sown 
tat pjn Bagman Ops 31 CdOo Sanaa m Gmnor Op 5 No 2£3.£2 Bady MimcCantmtaPial 

ISOetotNr Song Raoul Sanaa 

7J0p-m ScnuPait Tan songi on Lito Goo anONBiapiTwnha Lore Song* 

At Humxua 

Tdaadry SALOMON STRMG QUARTET, ptoymg on ongnal MnimereA 
l« Oeanar Early tAme & Baroaue Senes Moaat Omnct <n B ttti K468 The 
7 JO pm KW PtorafetlanaiinFiTtnor. B eNnown: Quartet nCn»no»Op ia 

No. 0 CS.E4.E3. ES fill Miinrrimfri r inml' 

Wimaaday tKd»7 "iftakii ^Switftr. PfdBp Lmgndgr mor. Jnim 
TAOcata Co n amii e panp-Bnnan Sanaa Mat Samp QuMtaNo 3 Op « 
TJOrjbl |fS751 Tippart The Haunt Aawrenoa. Britton: Sawan Sonnets of ■ 
McnetongaioOpL 2 £‘T 1 ppaltanngQ»aiia'No 4<]078-9j 
. ES.EAE3.E2 SmfOnMOi PlUdS Lid 

Tfmctoy BOPHE HOLLAND caaa CARMEN PICARD piano. BacK Suna hu? 
ISOctohar mCtorsotoc— QtaidiwaicSonminDOp 102 No ailtodmta 
UOpm SoioSonaaOo.2SNo lOebuwSonmmD man* jisisj. Marta* 
Van»aoPi onaS oiial iThe «iieC4 iO.C«.0 .£2 Mm Jana Gay 

tlitMy " SOPMlt LanGDOw Victoi. ShElaGH 6 uTh£AlAMf> piano Ihwc 

ITOdtNr Ppm lhiM la. 1 Mof 2 conce« 1 ».l lia iiii ufc ySultal ttoan n A T ch al m ii l qE 
7JPp ja. Souuemufunltoucher.Pi uAu dBi . SmianiNo 2CmaMOuaiesOp 35. 

2 nd aincstl 31 Ori Oacown Ax oom Concetto. E450.C4.Q.I2 
16 October aagmo/OM echo Nigel Bogan ZSai Amhaisary Coneeri. Eany Muse 
7J0p.nL Stanoiie Soma. UetMtW Chansons. Songs IM>CtoZlto,llonrimadL 
modto. Lama. Lco». Hatpscnotd ado ny TontMns. Canmaa ny 
Uontoctofc-. A SeattoM. A UatcaPo. EA50. £4, a. S3 
Sunday ICNBWAreKY cclebiiates. SHURA Cherkassky wn 
IBOctoOer Sunday MomtaCoffiaCntioail.BietofjKtOr^an Fantasy A Fugue . 
tUOadL GriagSooapQp 7.Sat nrtai n : TouchaaT cha Wmaalty Pa b at CgncsH 
psrsoJupsp of Evonne Oesat Snauts-Godtnaaky: WMz - Vone 

women A Song 050 me OTOLliM mftoltoiMBgi 


IS October Keonapi UfgbWK Ptnffli Oo 34 
NB Stortm Bach Sonata mG BWV 1027. 

Im 7M BrMm* Sonata n t Op SB. Sanaa aiEmnorO 38 

' £A5ft£d.O.E2 StenrortbacCP LAt 

Monday andAEw wuo£ mono 
20Ocft*>ar BiatonE Sonata »i F sharp nanot Op Z 
TJOpjn. Momt Sonata In A mlnoi K31ft 

Ctwpin; Banaroto ai F sharp Op BO 

• . tajo.B4.Ell2 Oianoa McA Finch 

Tuasdar . fl* PURCBU. QUARTBT JTBach: Vmun sonata m tt 
2 t 0 c«te CPEBadcTnoSonansoiBllaiAna-SangiMisuSundMelsncnokcM, 
TJBpjo- Vlada gtntMSotiatolnD. Van on LAFoaetwnpiaiaJCfUctcSoneia 
for 2 *m» A Msaocom £S.C4,£3.13 Early Mum: Cerm FennW 

«SS^ l^tU£H6WAti6 ta U^clJ^pAii-iafel iatoticont»» 

22 Octobar Uszt AimaasttoPWcdnaga. tot y . Swoertand. Lyon EpmtMama 
7 JO pm. Eouanf Remanys Varmahwigmaor. Thraa Cttrote, Sn Eludes; 

Rhapcod* Espagnoto Demini m oootung as mtia concm 

a CL EL £2 Mat Jang Gay 

Thumtoy DsfinranElSoSto L 

23 October SMMiMmc Two NOMBMMn Op 21 Noa 1 A 4 

7 Jo pm. DMmny: Eiudu Book l.ScbombaipFao Pieces Op. 2L 
fctotot Fsraacyei GD7B0 Wanderer 

C4jqct.n.ia ugr 


24 October l lan n toa nh n ' Q usnil m E Bm Op TL . . 

7 JO pm. Robert SnancOiana No 11 llal London Pgrt) 

Sctomert OustbP ai A nanor 0604 

I ip Octobers 
I TUDwn. i 

Oianss Mc\ Rnch 

IC450.E4, E3. S3 


■ m A moot D604 

Famed Arms 




n _____ j~\ 1 . BARTOK: Goamso for donnet. viohn'4 pemo; Huonoan Fot Songs w 

SvmnhnBV LlrCuCStTa piano and oip t atopii USZT: Ekgk 1 far odlo, poso, bamoemna and hat] 
a J BRAHMS: Oanaa Qumna m 8 mmorop 115 

I TniTV DDITrHARn £4M,OJKt,J3M, &S30 Ann Bn Offi* 01-935 2141 ’ 

. JUrliT rlUlUrmiVLf A&eegtaofHaP^slimwiHhc«tv*dwiKtali^^ 

TANNA SCHWARZ lEattafVltMa Scrlam Mamprm cnl: Arnrlla Frcednt 


ERLIOZ OwotureL^ftancs-ji^ps box office dl4M9»i cseditphone o i^ae wss 

AGNER orch. HENZE Wesendoocfc Songs Wednesday 22 October, 8JI0 pm 

ft acfcifcwwccHito ORCHESTRA 



ftZS&K punriel ARRIVAL OF THE QU EEN OF SHEBA Wmto b> GHnka. Mtnddnoho ami Sibcfin. 

~ Bach-.- BRANDENBURG CONCERTO No. 3 SawCard via* lift £p.£t .. 




i-.«il l Ly nr riUUPlhWiLlt 
f S l> cai-B. tf.50.jC10 150 H*ll PI -938 3191 CC01-9288800 

^^HLIRSDAY » OCTOBER at 730 p-m. 


Schununn Manfred Overture 
Beethoven Piano Concerto No. 4 
Br ahms Symphony No. 4 


The Law Society's Hall 

113 C ha nc e ry Lame, LurignWQ H US pa 

29 October- W86 

18 flowe m berHBb 


-SahuTinn'O ncfaft fee dr alxRT to cemta po 

16 December J99C. INSTANT SUNSHINE. Chrivrom. aacrnfanna* 

Sm^e Uriah tar each uoocen ^4 

A1I ndas and face hrodmrci fan The Law Saady i P l ibulam 
Dqpwnnemi 113 Chtncst- Lane. LoodKiVrQiielr|tax 01*242 1Z22 i 
T bf Bwtas ik madr yteeiMr b> Ac geaerm fmanral utppan m The 
Sokuao' Lm Sancncn- Snorry pic 



Cotaaema the Royal Radial Hall, Quern Eflnbcdi HaS, 
Sujotm’a Smith Square wdl ndndc VQDI Rcqocxn, HANDEL 
Don Dmaim, VW BenrdKta HONEGGER Kim Ihad, JOG BERT 
Marmdorn ti Si. ABw < hi Lead, perfl. wsh die 
PUhanMuand laodan Bacfa Orchcum 
Tto ac c *r ,nri n in 4 v tww of dso cxpnx&n^ ettv ■ 
opcdiRy Kaon jod bauo. SeheBta Manta) nraoas 
. dcm S. MOS dqpaa. R iokOI-MZ 7925 or 81497 SdTln; 
further dnrtk, tnduue, nil ■mfmnn ap p mmw iw 

24 February HS7 

2( March 1W7 

28 April 1987 



Schubert . SYMPHONY No. 8 (U NFINI SHED) 
Tchaikovsky PIANO CONCERTO No. I 




MENDELSSOHN. Overture Nocturne and Scherzo 
from A Midsummer NighfsDream’ 
MENDELSSOHN ..... SymjAony No. 4 ‘Italian’ . 
TCHAIKOVSKY. Variations os a Rococo Theme 
TCHAIKOVSKY Capricdo Itafien 

YURI SIMONOV conductor j 

Ptensc note change of soloist 

Seal Pnces£1230, £1030, £8-50, £630, £5, £33tt 

Friday 17 October 7.45pm 

. . hean-stoppmg virtuosity . . Guardian 


“. .. not only an exceptionally gifted jazz darineoist but 
also perfectly ar borne in a classical environment . . 

MOZART. Clarinet Concerto in A 

J. S. BACH SiriBano 

C. P. E. BACH. : Solfeggi eno 

RAVEL Theme from ‘Mother Goose’ Suite 

DANIELS Gide Dance 


Programme also intrudes 

MOZART: Ov. Magic Flute; STRAVINSKY: Firebird Suhe 
Seat Pikes HI 30. £930, £730, £6, £4 JO, £330, 

Thmsday 23 October 7-45pni 

KHACHATURIAN Excerpts from ‘Spartacus' 

RACHMANINOV Piano Cbnceno Na 4 



YUM SIMONOV conductor I 

A concert to mark che occasion of U ie 70th Anniversary 
of tht British-Soviet Chamber of Commerce 
£1230, £1030, £830, £630, £5, £330. 

Box Office TeL 10-8 every day including Sunday 
. 01-638 8891/628 8795 

j] jj St John's Smith Square 


natal ci? sn etoso.CH^o. cs.50.i:3.£35D 

17 Oct EihOeOMtaKiciaiitieijThoOirtctoorthTYto. IkuanOu Too 
TASpm Mage Fhun Ctomwi Concarto m A J S Bwii StcUsano C P E 
Bsch SoRcgg^lto Ravel -Moihef Goose - Sutt Dantota Cocto 

Dance Snvingfc* FrcHB Suns.^o.rao.cfi.».5n.r33Q. 

,sr THE PRATES OF PB4ZANCE compete ana COEbtoKfl bv TIk 

sis. assssssss/ssis&ssL. 

OndutoBB & Chorum. Rctonl tacombo Smy Gann, 
PStaHtTUY. C 1150 CIO C9.CZS0. £5 Norrun UeaornorrLm 
Sun TEODV BEARS' CONCERT. Lundon Ooncart Orchostn Fnuv ' 

si the BARBICAN 
TONIGHT az 8 p.m. 


Prof; ju- L a BobtncC^tGeLda Minima. Si 
Minn. 0 Sara boaulta; .Madam Buncrfly La mi Lh. 
» GTbA HusmiEp Cumt, Lmt: Dlct Toaca Re.-rmarrj .Himraa. 
■ r<iH| Vu-j D'Artr. E Luretan be Sidle Glauusi Sducci O cu 
lk Vtol Stbbi.To. ToraodM NcaMR Dinma. la quesa Rcftii. 
tBgr OmhkScek. 

t5. W,tO.S0,f8.jt9.M.LlOS0.IH 50 










And am Amtmmw Hut* for tvtry tatty min t fxr of Ih* atui i tnee 


SUNDAY U OCTOBER ai Z30 puna. 



1 UvPj Beethoven PIANO CONCERTO No- 3 


Mozart. SYMPHONY No- 4* 


£5 W, t'n.m. tH, lie W. £!•! 'LL 0 1 W 



dAh An American in Paris, Rhapsody in 
i|ra|h Blue, 1 Got Rhythm Variations, Pot^S? 
I^Iglf and Bess Symphonic Picture 

ti ;X50.£v 7-i>. til* W 





Y1CTOR HOCMH AU&ER prr«f ut» u il»c KU) \L t bSTl% AL HAIL 

SAT URDAY 25th OCTOBER at 7.30 


ma choir 

Samdasd Knlarw»ic lad. work* by MOZART, 

Tatanud Pltaai and ihc One -%o ramie Opera 
performed in Tall costume. 

H •k. v. a 5.-. t T at, t : ;s\ io.ti.1 f :rai H^i ?L< ■,!«: ;;■» 

VICTOR HOTHHAUVR id uw riaito BARDIC. AN pmtu 

SATURDAY 25th OCTOBER at 7.45 





|T. tA. ! 4 5^. t S. ill 5.1 'Tin K«l?di-»«A *.- *» 

GTW%yiCTOH HOCHHAUSER presents ai (he RFH 


rmcrartnr.tN ' jJri ,'ja^ TrMC*«TtJ^-s.Ch.iwt :br Hrrtr* Slain 
• ■VO N^u.,'.t Iiur - i'.'rt 'he Trai. Fiitrrv. lr!rrwr.i< imm i.’ji aii'f'a 
K.-<i^ri ij-a-rjC-S-'t, :-'rr lid. rTri-iiti P^iit a.4 
I (WIS* CJIORIII.S ■■in L T:nu:i Kai'-ti i>: Seullr.'i’iH.liM' a. 

John Bair A Grab am Saab (tain 

;1 a - j ’ i' *."■ in Ai H.n -. u> iiu. •J7-.s4.iii 

£(.W.lA,£75fl.L«J. till 5<i Under Ifi irmi tent lull 

Tomorrow 12 October 7 JOpm 

STRAUSS Four Last Songs 

BRAHMS — German Requiem 

£1230, £1030, £830. £630, £5, £330. 

Thursday 16 October 7.4Spm 



iN5/ Prokofiev PLANO CONCERTO Na. 3 

Munot^lRavd ...PlCTmES FROM AN HXmBDON 

Royal Philharmonic Orumn Lid. in Hwdadu «kh 
Ravmaad Gnbbat Lid. 

t4.t5.Ui9, til 

P SUNDAY 2 NOVEMBER at 139 p-to. 



Sahu-Saens SYMPHONY No. 3 (ORGAN) 



C.50,&.»,fii,i£.50,Gfl W.tll 5D 
BwOflicrni-mi979‘iC.C fl|-»V> .i|tWl 


FRIDAY NEXT 17 OCTOBER bt 745 pun. 



TOMMASO VTTAtfcChacoane 
BEETHOVEN: Sanaa in D. Op. 12 No. 1 
DVORAK: SanatuH 

SCHUMANN: Sonata in A ma jor. Op. 105 
PROKOFIEV: Sam fa D. Op. 9fe 

£2. £L £*, Bat Office (01-928 3191 1 CC 101-928 880OJ 
United Concent Company limited 


ABCUPNi h.v> 'oi i cm rati ’Ml \ 
/a ti 741 v-JV,u/nV- '.WlWJ’i 
04.15 t.m >oiln nw hir: ruM 
t^ii ram 7a«icr T7(C1MU 
lm NOU HLHM.K-C 1 U rtH 


THl. I MIIU IN Vi Ilk 

KiqnUt »1 W Mjh Mn)«;30 
A S.U 4 T A H 111 

-n« HMPfKtt WOW 
M T BIW r S i* Optra 

aunt AM. WH (, t-g Ml.T. 
r- t-a’.t -j: wm Luutir 

HW Jr/. 1 


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rvi.'-tcip-viu-- KVi "tre Un- 
to a* oi u4M .in. il. mra 

MTS to SUNS !(■ to (JO 


-VUnrt TtflC USXMO^t .nn 
or ■MOAOWAY'* DMhi "A 
vom or stun aolo- 
t lunrtk LAST a WCKHSa 

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COUNTRY In Infill hiiHMi 


HVn 1171 InO I.u nt./7 tIM.N 4W1 I MINI TR. 

AilM 701 7KM Ihui |PPI Lin IH.MI UHM XM 1 N ■ f l Hit 

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!■ jal ■ , *• » hm l kwlta m 

[J^ISONS hi I L lx w, LiIhkkp 

. .PANGEREUSES skenwicm tmxatrc oi ik.ii 

“VtSITT FOR A TTCKTT“ ”S.'i I iiu i .HI ■ i .'Ihn .'40 

hlkti On 7-XXJ >niij lm I ,p- 7 JS luh 

— Nui ■■ 'JJ FOR Kwa AND 

APOLLO TNtATRt JXT Tofol COUNTRY bi Intm Mi hoi I 
J-54 XE>M»I Fml C4ll OI ->40 ~«3ti to"!*! mm «M M «wi“ 

iMLnnuilri II X-QchJXX liTI? l - lr *P‘- lr ’ •***» 
Alnnlri nOO NjI 4 J541 « u 15 T ILK WOOD ni In Lin 
Ttim, n ruiK ?. i XI IIhjiuj, 


HOWARD ROLLINS Ah" 1 *»» AVrt- 4 Xn M> tM'il- 



■ UinKiprtiiUi I in mi" DCXP PCtod" S Inn toHuUv 


t-' bakrMU WU .ii ail Toton OCT ID 
NtJto noiJhINC NOV TO JAN — ■ - 


aPOLLOVtCTORMSS 92HI4M>5 Un\ ollur A ft HI *40 UM.V 1*1 
nr e>ao mw txutv atgi io>h I'.iHram , 7<uvrr wm- M07a» 
bllW TKlu-InMHlr-r <r 3T*t bU5 P«piv fuwn 15 Ori Uims.'l Oil 

“ H ri A toi 

rreNOCD to 

SUNDAY 19 OCTOBER K 7.15 jLm. 


MOZART: Piano Concen in F K459 
HAYDN: Symphony No. 83 "The Hen’ 

mta by COPLAND and WIRE^ ice panel far dcrob 

rnM Can i r .ram i *ao TaooiBko 
FPPI Gto Mail-, v-XC 6123 Lxc* 
7 45 Mnf* T iip A SM 30 

STARLIGHT express 


starught express 

Musm hx 

anortw Luixo uxobcr 
DirprlPd bv tri'xod nl.nn 
FOR RSTURRS Mmldl rnnrPt 
uom 41 CA nu Tur« mM, (or 

wnior ciIi/pib. 


•ARMCAN O! 628 R7Q5>638 
gw?! f 'Mon Sun 10am Sami 



w». Itod oorp pprh 1624 
M A QC hv Fpvdnau 
THK FIT Tuuv 2 00 to T SO. 
13 18 On ratal Dorto THE 
DEAD MONKCT b> hnrk Darkp 
r ion. 26 on THE 



torn DnM UM Dun 

M h lu ri toNk 

Ban ssoa Tirl.PtmMPr CC 370 
6131 Flrxa Call CC 240 7200 





5wiian si hp 

BiKriilnMD Barton 

CLuip Mnnn- ptrvx Chrnlmp 
ai rnijin DPfloimanm 
Uhpi Ird ov H1ROLO PRINCC 
i.ypx 7 45 Mah. »«1 t Sal 1 

MONDAY 20 OCTOBER M 7.45 pjs. 




Romantic Rarities 

"lAnca'»i titiuM iB »eii » ili ill ita w w ridcanlgoughouL~THEGC.\RDlAX 
See 5eaib Bank Itad for funbrrdetato 


M?IWln?n,v»r * "**■ «» 99W* "m M.U (f PI Tlrxl Can 

„ N Hr trUvCKMO 7200 (MO 
13^8 Or7^rilll Xrti M AAC FCei Un, 6-4r> «*30 b!23 
nr in ,«ruiu. . JTvVJ!® rYLPimasUi 370 MU 



ccomx HC .XRN 


387 8 D 26 .C WOI46S From aim. LA CAGE AUX FOLLES 

nwriirinY M — A palladium roar op 

FuOTLiGHTS m approval" s th 

ANOTMKR FRK MESS Mnnln 7.W iwt Wnl 200 


CMKMCMIU. 6mm ««J u6TT. s “ ,,u '«mrrai«m* atari 41 door 

fin 7-45, MaK Thuo A Sdl 

1C 240 T200 Gun 930 t>123 




A ComntTv bi- Pp-Twrtl Ham* 


- hi at ino W 

■■Thr wplwe of raMuroui 
rprovniiun" D Mail 

Tuesday 21 October M 745 pm “Xen Uumv irnwn" HCxp 

To celebrate the 65ih birthday of _% »n ti wro m/tai s jo * a jo 


JULIAN BREAM guitar RICHARD ADENEY fluie SmccNSm*na T hT^ttafS 
The Fanfare Trumpeters of The Royal Military cmtkrmn s ■»» 9210 a 57 a' 
School of M^Mtoener HaU 

(conduacd by Lt-Col Duncan Beatl r — mi?. ^ 


School of Music, Kneller Hall 
(conduacd by Lt-Col Duncan Beat 1 ) 
Malcolm Arnold 

Guitar Concerto (.conducted by the compose rl 
Fluie Cooceno No. 2 Sinfouietta No. 1 

Fngniniiie toe include* FenEei'r ‘Royal Ooe namn * and 
Rodrigo: Faaunfa para ud grmilhonibre 
Tstortr £5-W, £430. £W. £t>3 a £7 S) 
from Hd: 01-828 3191 (Cirdu CaniiOI-9»h«UI)i 4 Agems 
In ara o ciario o with the Snnth Bank Board and Park Lane Group 

atofi Inf map. 


r.xit IHUI ainb. IN 2S 
Oct L*px 74S. Xxro Mato 2 30. 
^..1 MMx 4pni THE HOUSE OF 
toilh Patricia Hum, Olfl dU 

Ja ajfcaan to Jmmm PlawriiM. 
STUOHh 01 741 KtOl tin 
8tmi Warid Fwalaw or 

•\ip Wi OI 437 SeSti/7 OI 43d 
tSSO OI 434 1050 OI 734 


omiuni a mriiihiv 
■ onnf nrriwiMnrr" I timn 

rito NJkoiMl Thpofrrli jrrWmpd 
nnlwninn of 



-'Hc.iniKesii.iiiuiy Innnv" non 

"lllkiTKHn ■' & Tlmn 
“A 141 o nnran el 
i otnw pxhiLiriiliaii" Timas 
I \qi 7 30 M4to Wort .umI S4l 3 0 

Contemporary : 
Music fretwork 

now music on t>our- >> 


T ha Ttm alirol Ltomady C4WWB4nY Cioup S.IK-. 01930 0123 

DEREK ROYCC Unlurpd wee moll siudrnl A 

FOWUDS MBJLto LI-VP sldtul In 




run mRvnMR win* WINNER OF ALL 

b.xx iwM.v AWARDS K)R 1985 

- APRIL *87 

44V on H3r> 242H HO BODKINS III I I A KI 

FEE (lie % 4 h- 1 . 130 ot 23 . _ LIU. , rtl* 

DAVE CLARK'S ' PLiv bv William Lurr rllrnlrc 

■piijr w lam Rpiloirfir simp. Ori IP. 

T .._ ...t. . III 7 IC IO. 2nd M« 2 41 dam MonOrt 

THE MTMATC EXPERIENCE 20 ril Join Bm* orftca mm M M. 

44V on H3r> 242H NO BOOKING 111 I I A KI 

FEE Gn» xrln 4JO ol 23 . . _ LlU-lftl* 

DAVE CLARK'S ' PLiv bv William Lnrr rilranpa 

yiiie M totm Rpiloirfir Simp. Ori 12. 

— _ - C 1 9. Jo» M* 2 41 dBm Men Ori 

THE ULTIMATE EXPERIENCE 20 ai Join Bm* orftca mm ap a R- 


.xs. -THr RUCK STAR' . _ 



Mon tii 7 30 Ttui M4 2 30 
sal 4 A S IS Thp.ilir'x prawnimn 
slnupi 2 IS alow otter I 
A 7 ds Man 7 43. Tup 2 no now 
Inn i* nwili BRIGHTON BEACH 
MEMOIRS M Neil Suneii T UP. 

on thdr first British tour 


anri* pvrrpi In A S4 pip* lor 
U-XPa l IMOi *luornto A under 
■IW 4>4il 1 hour berimr am 

Mm* BmNumc t* Aarfl ‘17. 

0M4 J84I23 On Thur* mat* anh- "Thr Rock 
m snikN hLn 1 ' will be penarmed bv 
01-J87 John Ctirtolh* 

Tom M Oct 8JW pea BRACKNELL, VTilde Thane OW 484123 °n jnyi nut tav "Thi 

Wed 15 Oet 7 J8 pin LONDON, Logan Hall 01-5879329 7<in 


Fri 17 Ooilja pm PLYMOUTH, Theatre Bwvul Q73J WW nnMMaa watnmiitr mtiI 

Sat 18 Oct 7AS pm BRIGHTON. Gardna Am Came €CT3 OdSSSril 82S0 er "wSsS^SS 

Sun 19 Oct 8JK) pm BIRMINGHAM, Ttuaglc An* Ceam: 021-359 3979 I iom Mn,i MANCHESTER ROV-I 
Wed Z2 Oct BjOO pm SHEFFIELD, Oaacoo Came 0742 24076 X218 SmOtoSJ^” 0 ^' 

Thu 23 On SJWpn LEEDS, Trade C3uh D532(>20b29 . — 

FriM 0tt8J»P*o DURHAM, Ehmdm Bfahoom 038543720 OONMAB WAREHOUtC 

Sat 25 Oa7J5 pm MANCHESTER, Open ThcaircRNCM 061 -27J 4504 a£Sara'ncK «r1n« f 

MAYFAIR K re b» 303b Man 

rh*i 8 I nisal S 40 A u IL> 


OTP? 32001 I SEATS AVAIL FOR PERT TOtPT I "The Beat ThriHar lar yaae* 11 N M 


‘•Xn iHutMsIml u. I liner" h E*p 

AL EX CHANCE wodurlian el I "SrnxnimiLri” Timex 


8230 U' 379 a£e£.<379 M33 



MERMAJO 230 S5*« re 741 

Sbb 26 Ota 7 JO pm LEICESTER. Haynatai Thome 05H539797 L-ri ^h. Tw. 1. 730 Rata^t Staii'SL^SS? OTg 

„ .*nn_aiui emmmnr r, -■ »■ - « — • I IVtiiim i .in TV... mi I lln> ’ UJtl 1 * 1 ^ *■ ^ “ * 1130 

Mon 27 Oa &00 pm COVENTRY, ffiro* Uwwraiy .4m Cratir ihawAwna uun Dtae M rt .a u . 

«vr? JI-4I7 '“toe. IMI R 30 Kerry Shale III 
<C0)41i41i pr.a n ii if J Ra h y t e n . 1 HUB Ruby 
Wed 29 0« A00 pm LIVERPOOL, Blueaw Arc. Ceonr « 1-709 5297 Warn. 

has onothor wrinner on It* hands"PoncA 


at 7 e 30 


Box Office 
Credit Cards 
01-340 5258 
Natfonal Opora 
London CdisBinn 
Si Merlin'* lone 
London WC2 

perform Dvorak's "American" 
and Beethoven ' 5 op.95 quartet 
■a (far no* hail al 
Bletchiagky A.EjC 

(near KedhiU) oa . 
Thenday Oriobcr Urih at 7.30 
TkLcIx LJ.SU (iothlone M2 1 15 



BRITTEN 1913/1976 

to edebmiaa efUi Jove of Fraoee 


BRITTEN Lea nh i miiwfanK Phaedra 
TIM*tn Sorwa fcr 4 hom*, MOZART DirotuncOtt IU31 

A£4.0.^.&omBm01Ikr01rZa210Bl . 


STRAUSS four Last Songs 
MAHLER Symphony No. 5 

. JAMES BLAIR conductor YM50 

C2L50.^330.f4JO. 1 f5-S0.£7,^8J0 . Hal! 01-928 3191 oc 928 8800 

- ri/fatotweBaait f 

further doaflx Item the Casinnp o taiY .Uouc Network, Ara Comtep 
oT Great Smam. 105 Ptoaddh, Lnalai ft'l V CAL'. Td l)I- 0 » 'M95 



lObb/ 1DII KUBn info 83A 
0*405 S rr Tirkm L1-C22 fiO. 
oS Amp)'! *rulx Adi on Ihr day 


Tnn'I. Mon 730 

La VaInm CaUatariaa / Opaa M 
The Draaaar/TlM Coaeait 

Brtlh-l irtMiim into 01 240 9818. 

CAnupr* wells am ooi* 

I II M «rt<l tT. 24 Hr. 7 DJV 240 
72«i mm ten r mn on is. Etrx 
7 JO. Vri Mill* 2 30 


Tnri.iv r nr* a Wnl; The Mm 

Y*pr*» liw l lk l. 1 Rtieaiica /P— 


re- 240 S2SH 

Tout. Mon 7 30 Madaw 


MLBOr/OH 01 830 0404/0041 
I' OI 379 0233. 17Q 0433. 741 

DUCHCSB -* RJo K243 CT 240 
°OdB CJ . STB OJ33 A re 24 
1 h/ 7 drik 240 7200 CxvrxB Wed 3 Ml S A 8 


H3t» 9837 1 74 J 9049-240 7200 
Lxe*. H Thu 3 Sri 5 A 8 30 


S tanda r d Drana Anrd 1*84 


Mn Comeov m- mrlMrU Hams 
Due* led by Juhe Mrti'nvto 





rieonl bv 

Sle\-en BERKOFF 

“THE MOST Excrmo 
. WEST END* C Umnx 
(Pn-llHMlip loud A dnnli) 

MERMAID 23b 5SA8 rr 741 
99U9 on Salto. 430 6123 Tlrxl 
Crtll 240 7200 124 Hrx 7 DrtVxi 
FROM OCT Zl. Lx ex 8pm. SdU 
MHH A 830 


pi I eel Irntn ihr HA Moon 


Ptv U»r. a i r HkmI and drtnli 


llllliil Baauty ar Poa Qabvatr / IMnM l» TmI« Ouvn 

' £>a« Lata (Art NL l-'to. 7 30 Mri Wed 2 30 

BALLET OULROHUAM Irani Dor tori 6 A H 30 21 25 Oi 01-978 0880 tar m * m - RALF Hm PREVIEWS 

Winter Uim into 



An adult earned? 

8x Ulie Raitaf 
Due* ton bv TlMlor Oriirrx 
I.xes 7 30 Mri Wed 2 30 
tori 6 A H 30 

Open* Or labor is .it 7wu 

mnti/Mnneiw. , HATKMAL THEATRE N.n Bans 

STU * , «orrRrY | rwmmc a t* u - «Jo 22311/4 NATIONAL THEATRE 

RS HUOMCSI *"V 2417 7200 t24Wx. Mri I re I COMPANY 

Man lot.. 8 tori H 30 Mri ThUTs ^ ENTRIES under 


■S&I. mJS±!in eOTTESLOE. i.xinin« rnnta 

xnaix thtvx at nrih. ju liuvrirex 

m DOUBLE DOUBLE <>»■> 10 am restaurant iwa 

-I nitoved exerx mmule" ST 2033L EASY CAR PARK, Info 
~.\ rlma at wMrtumlry ■ to oM MHO AIR COMO 


•i entoved exrrx mmule" ST 
~i\ rlma of wtMrtuoilry ■ to 
unberiririe- Times Cto 



i Coarturol no page j 9 



Simon Barnes 

Tories rule 
out, OK? 

Stolen thunder 

Life and racing is never less than 
cruel When the field in a five- 
horse conditional jockeys selling 
handicap hurdle was reduced 
overnight to two runners last 
Saturday, Leesha Burnham must 
have thought her chances of 
chalking up her first winner as a 
jockey had never been better. Sure 
enough, she managed to pilot her 
mount Kalimpong home in first 

place. But she was then disquali- 
fied and placed last, or at anv rate 

tied and placed last, or at any rate 
second: her horse went right on die 
run-in and die rival Kitty Wren 
was promoted to first place to steal 
whatever tiny piece of glory was 
still going. 


Fascinating facts: expenditure on 
sponsorship last year totalled 
£167 million. Of that, £150 mil- 
lion went to sponsor sport, though 
the arts are rapidly improving. 
This year, it has been projected, 
sponsorship will go up 14 percent 

• Quote of the week, by Geoffrey 
Boycott on the Yorkshire troubles: 
“The knife was in right from the 
start By the end, so was the fork." 


Ian Taylor plays for England in 
what is probably the most dan- 
gerous position in all ball games. 
He is the goalkeeper as England 
battle in the hockey World Cup in 
Willesden. A batsman feeing the 
West Indian fast bowling battery 
has an easier time. The West 
German goalkeeper lost a testicle 
in one match, and Taylor himself 
once received a blow in the box 
that frightened die life out of him. 
His protective equipment is elabo- 
rate in the extreme, and includes a 
chest pad used by the Metropoli- 
tan Police as pan of their riot gear. 
Taylor said: “Some young players 
keep goal with just a bit of foam 
sewn into their shirt Get one in 
the sternum and it's curtains." 

Khan the king 

As the squash season gets under 
full swing, the question again 
arises; is Jahangir Khan the great- 
est sportsman in the world? Does 
anyone in the world dominate his 
sport to the extent that Jahangir 
dominates squash? He has not lost 
a! match since April 1981: he has 
hardly even seemed threatened. 
An extraordinary man. As he says 
ip bis book. Winning Squash: "I 
was the youngest smallest fee- 
blest and sickest of the family 
... 1 had two hernia operations by 
the age of IZ but all that did was 
to strengthen my determination." 
If anyone thinks there is an athlete 
with comparable domination over 
his/her sport write and tell me. 

MacGregor: stumbling block or saviour ? 

R eading Ian MacGregor’s 
book about the miners 
strike, inaccurate as it is 
about certain critical 
events, aroused in me a mixture of 
sadness, irritation and downright 
anger.These feelings were fol- 
lowed by amusement over the 
description of Horatio MacGregor 
single-handedly holding the bridge 
and his derisive opinion of senior 

The truth is that on taking up 
his post be explained that he had 
studied the Board's recent annual 
reports and accounts, the report of 
the Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission on the NCB manage- 
ment and had been briefed by Sir 
Norman Siddall the outgoing 
chairman. He announced that he 
agreed with the analysis of the 
problems feeing the industry and 
the way they were being tackled, 
and that previous policies would 
be continued. Despite what be 
says in the book that was the 
management's position under his 
command until the strike in the 
Yorkshire coalfield in March 
1984. Our intention was to avoid 

He now says that early in the 
new year it became obvious that 
there would be a strike; that Peter 
Walker, the Energy, Secretary, 
realized it was inevitable after 
MacGregor's appointment. 
Walker is described as content to 
let events take their course. 

But at the very end of that 

Margaret Thatcher’s powers know 
no limit. She and her colleagues 
are responsible for postpone- 
ment of today’s needle match 
between Bournemouth and Gill- 
ingham, lying respectively second 
and third in the Third Division. 
The League was aware of the dates 
for the Tory conference in Bourne- 
mouth when it arranged the 
schedule at the beginning of the 
season; what it did not anticipate 
was that security would have been 
so intensive, with the local 
constabulary putting in bourn and 
hours of overtime, that, come 
Saturday, none would be available 
for duty at Dean Court (Not I 
would have thought that many 
bobbies would be needed to keep 
the crowd in order in sedate, 
balmy, bourgeois Bournemouth, 
though I could be wrong). Club 
secretary Brian Tiler has no hard 
feelings. Had the match been 
played, he says, Mrs T would have 
been invited — "and she would 
have got a good game”. 



Ned Smith, former 
NCB head of 
industrial relations, 
challenges his 
boss’s account 
of the events 
leading np to the 
1984 coal strike . 
and the way 
it was handled 

Under the lash 

Time has not mellowed former 
National Hum jockey John 
Franco m be; nor has it convinced 
him that stewards are wonderful 
people after all In his new book, a 
thriller co-written with James 
MacGregor called Evesdropper, he 
has included a memorable portrait 
of a senior steward of the Jockey 
Club: "Gazing at the riding whips 
on display in the window, he was 
reminded of the large fines he had 
imposed at a recent enquiry on 
two young jockeys for excessive 
use of that implement in a 
photofinish at Kempton. As far as 
he was concerned, that son of 
thing was best left to the 
bedroom." Apparently any resem- ! 
blance to any real persons, living i 
or dead, is purely coincidental I 
I'm glad about that 

February Walker told MacGregor 
that confrontation was not wanted 

that confrontation was not warned 
and that in presenting the coalfield 
objectives for the year ahead 
potential flashpoints were to be 
avoided. Coal Board area direc- 
tors were instructed accordingly. - 

The board member responsible 
for advising George Hayes, the 
South Yorkshire area director, 
failed to speak to him in time. Had 
he done so tire proposed closure of 
the Cortonwood pit which precip- 
itated the strike, would have been 
presented on March 1 quite 
differently. As it was. the manner 
of the announcement was in- 

Sir Ian's description of the 
management’s conduct during the 
strike is also misleading. He gives 
the impression that the miners in 
Nottinghamshire, South Derby- 
shire and Leicestershire continued 
to work because they opposed 
Scargill and the NUM's oppo- 
sition to pit closures, and because 
they didn't feel "particularly 
threatened in their own jobs.” The 
feet is that they refused to strike 
because they were denied a na- 
tional ballot In all other respects 
they observed the NUM policies. 

including ' the continued .im- 
plementation of the overtime ban. 

MacGregor does not mention 
that earlier in the strike, on the 
advice of his clandestine outside 
advisers, be wanted to offer the 
working miners in Nottingham- 
shire a 5.2 per cent wage increase 
in order to end their overtime ban. 
He was restrained with the utmost 
difficulty from an act which would 
have brought all the working 
coalfields to a standstill Roy 
Lynk, who had assumed the 
leadership of the Nottinghamshire 
miners, had heard a rumour of this 
and made it dear to me that such 
action would bring the Notts men 
out on strike. 

MacGregor- gives a glowing 
account of his “second front" 
policy of using armoured vehicles 
to bring men into work. But be 
makes no mention of the feet that 
as part of that policy he intended 
to move NCB stocks of coal from 
strikebound pits despile oppo- 
sition from his colleagues and was 
prevented only by major cus- 
tomers, especially the CEGB, who 
refused to be parties to an act that 
could have brought power stations 
to a standstill 

The chapter in the book 
concerning the dispute with 
Nacods, the pit deputies’ union, 
can only be described as fantastic. 
Uke the NUM strike, that pro- 
posed by Nacods was un- 
warranted, but MacGregor’s inter- 
pretation of its motives is 
nonsense. He virtually ignores the 
early negotiation with Nacods in 
October under the auspices of 
Acas, the conciliation and arbitra- 
tion service — talks in which 
McGregor behaved disgracefully 
on occasion, not only to the 
Nacods representatives but to Pat 
Lowry and his Acas staff 

Subsequently MacGregor and 
his clandestine advisers, Tim Bell 
and David Hart, decided that a 
settlement with Nacods should 
not be sought. Their view, given in 
the presence of Jimmy Cowan, my 
deputy Kevan Hunt and myself, 
was that they were part of 
Scargfll's “conspiracy” and should 
be smashed along with the NTJM. 

In describing what then hap- 
pened MacGregor says be ordered 
me. to lake time off to rest That is 
not true. On Friday. October 19, 1 
resigned because I would not be 
party to a Nacods strike -which 
could have been avoided without 
compromising management re- 
sponsibility — and which would 
have brought the entire industry 
loa standstill It was also likely to 
engender support from the other 
trade unions. 

1 came bade on October 22 on 
the instructions of Peter Walker 
and the dear understanding from 
MacGregor and Cowan that their 
policies had been reversed. They 
negotiated a sensible settlement 
with Nacods on October 23, and 
Nacods withdrew its strike threat > 
the following day. 

MacGregor also says we could 
have kept the working coalfields in 
operation by employing manage- 
ment staff to do Nacods jobs and 
training people to replace them. 
But the management association 
had told us formally that they 
would not undertake work done 
by Nacods members and training 
replacements was technically im- 
possible within the time available: 
His attitude to this is perhaps the 
best indication of how little he 
understood the industry he was 
appointed to manage. 

I believe, and I am sure Ian 
MacGregor does also, that a 
negotiated settlement (which 
would have preserved the right to 
manage) on these lines could have 
been obtained in September and 
a gain in October. We could and 
wopld have settled had 
MacGregor not been pressed by 
outside advice. 

Indeed as late as January 1985, 
when the “second front" had 
failed to achieve a mass return to 
work, MacGregor sought to con- 
clude a negotiated settlement. My 
meeting with Peter Heathfield, 
NUM general secretary, on Janu- 
ary 21 was under MacGregor’s 
direction; he was pleased and 
encouraged by the outcome but he 
later thwarted the effort after 
outside advice: He bardy men- 
tions this attempt and I shall 
always ponder how things would 
have turned out had the Board 
policy approved by the chairman 
been allowed to proceed. 

T he general with help from 
Mr Rodney Tyler, has 
written his apologia. He 
won a famous victory 
which destroyed the enemies of 
democracy in the NUM and 
elsewhere and topedoed ScaigUl's 
campaign to overthrow the gov- 
ernment by extra-parliamentary 
methods a kfr to revolution. Had 
he lost, Neil Kinnock would have 
been imperilled as well as Mrs 
Thatcher. There would have been 
no holding the Marxist and far left 
trade union leaders. The reforms 
in - the 1984 Trade Union Act 
would have been drowned. 

MacGregor could not have won 
without the resolute support of 
Mrs Thatcher, about whom at 
moments he is ungracious, though 
he recognizes her crucial part as a 
commander-in-chief who en- 
couraged him to fight in his own 
way. For Peter Walker, bis feelings' 
verge on contempt, regarding him 
as the worst kind of politician 
manoeuvring behind his back and 
forever polishing -his personal 
public relations. 

Successful generals tend to be 
vain and touchy. Sir Ian is not 
quite in the Montgomery or 
Phttou class in the belief that he 
was always right and that ail 
difficulties came from his being 
interfered with or let down by 
those of inferior understanding 
and willpower, but not far off 
He recalls telling Mrs Thatcher 
he would like "a bunch of good 
untidy American cops” available 
because "if someone points out to 
them a law is being broken, then 
they go and do something about 
it." The Prime Minister sharply 
told him this was not America, but 
it was largely Sir Ian's fault for not 
taking the Eddie Shah line of 
pinpointing the ringleaders of the 
violence and illegal picketing and 
getting injunctions against them. 

As in -the Warrington dispute, 
the police would then have had 
court orders against named or- 
ganizers to support effective ac- 
tion. Without court backing the 
police were hampered in a nebu- 
lous world of uncertainty about 
the possibilities of enforcing the 
law, as was shown later by the 
extraordinary reluctance of the 
courts to convict those charged 
with violence. Sir Ian hesitated for 
fear of increasing sympathy for the 
strikers among the non-striking 
miners: this judgement, in my 
view, was wrong. 

What did happen was that Leon 
Brixtan, the Home Secretary, co- 
ordinated police action through- 
out the country. He had no power 
to do so and it was the first time 
the UK had acquired something 

Woodrow Wyatt 

a rgues that the 
tough line taken 
against ScargiB 
w as essential to 
avoid further huge 
subsidies and the 
o verthrow of the 
government’s trade 
union reforms 

as an impending collapse of the 
NCB. thus discouraging many 
miners then building up then- - 
courage to go back to work. For 
floating the debilitating idea that . 
peace talks without victory were iar 1 
process Sir Ian blames Peter 
Walker, who had lost his nerve 

like a centrally run national police 
force. Without Brittan’s intelligent 
and adventurous sub rosa activ- 
ities the thousands of illegal 
pickets moving from area to area 
would probably have triumphed, 
particularly as some local Labour- 
controlled police authorities were 
trying to sabotage their own 
forces. Sir Ian. unusually, gives 
some credit to-Brittan. 

As chairman of the NCB Sir 
Ian's remit was to modernize and 
make profitable the coal industry 
after his success with British Steel 
He found from high officials 
downwards a terror of Scargill and 
a desire to continue the cosy 
relations with the NUM which 
had existed since nationalization. 
Uneconomic pits had been dosed, 
but not fest enough; the attempts 
to increase productivity were too 
feeble; the pay settlements outra- 
geously excessive in relation to the 
huge losses. Management, many 
of them former NUM officials, 
and the NUM thought the days of 
milking the taxpayer would and 
should never end. 

I accept from Sir Ian that there 
were few in the management on 
whose whole-hearted loyalties be 
could rely. Those he removed, 
ignored or slighted are still mutter- 
ing that the strike was avoidable; 
that it need not have lasted so 
long; that Sir Ian's handling of the 
dispute was bad. They say that 
because under previous regimes 
they would rapidly have signed 
surrender terms under which the 
remnants of the NCffs rights to 
manage would have been trans- 
ferred to the NUM. 

It is true that the strike might 
have ended earlier but for the 
constant talk of negotiations 
which Scargill was able to present 

lion; he went so nur as to initiate, 
discussions with the TUC without ' 
telling Sir Ian. 4 # 

However there is a valid crifi. _ 
cism of the approach towards 
Nacods, responsible for safely in’ 
the mines and without whose r 
presence mines could not operate. /. 
The leaders of these ■ moderate 
men, in an ill defined area between 
management and miners, were got 
at by Scargill and persuaded their 
members to vote their executive 
authority to start a strike if 
necessary. The members would; 
not have done so but for Sir law - 
making a tactical mistake in 
withdrawing the arrangement by 
which Nacods members were paid' 
at strike-bound pits even if* fc., 
many instances, they did not go 
down or even sign on. 

Not much money was involved; - 
it was foolish to inflame Nacods to 
the point at which it almost went 
on strike and dosed the pits kept . 
going by working miners which 
were so essential to ensure 
ScaigUl's defeat 
Sir Ian is touchy about criticism 
of the victimization of wraths 
miners afterthe strike. When I saw 
him in his flat he was more ttuar- 
mildly irritated with me ' for 
suggesting that management had -• 
let down thousands of thesetoyd 
men by telling them: “You’sfe; 
made your bed. Now lie on/i£*' 
Then he asked me to go with him 
next day to Nottingham and talk 
to the NCB management boafrh 
After listening to our discusstea; . 
in which I produced cases pf 
indifference to the hardships- of 
working miners, he generously ', 
said: “Sir Woodrow is tight* ; 
Much more justice was then draw 
to the working miners. 

. Sir Ian demonstrates in his bod: 
that he is not always easy to get on 
with. Considerable men who. 
achieved great things are often like : 
that. Undoubtedly be saved the. 
country from enormous damage 
to its industry and democratic 
institutions and saved hundreds of; 
millions of taxpayers' money ' 
pouring uselessly into steel and ' 
coal Without him trade union' 
reform giving legal lights to.;> 
individuals for ballots before ; 
strikes would not have stuck. He ; 
was worth every pamy of the large . 
sums paid for his services. He 
deserved at least a peerage. 

Patrick Leigh Fermor relives a clandestine romance di 

his 1930s walk from Holland to Turkey 

W e had left our 
horses at a wa T 
ter-mill : where 
the carriages had 
joined than, and 
now all the 
horses were grazing unsaddled and 
unharnessed in a sloping field; a 
fire was alight already and bottles 
were cooling in the mill-stream. 

The most active of the party had 
been a pretty and funny girl in a 
red skirt called Angela. She was a 
few years older than 1 and 
married, but not happily. We had 
caught a glimpse of each other at 
Count Jenfi’s, and danced with 
improvized abandon on the noisy 
evening when Dinah and the 
Gypsy songs had tangled in mid- 
air; and I couldn’t stop dogging her 
footsteps. During the crayfish 
hunt, she leapt about the rocks as 
nimbly as an ibex, hair flying. As it 
turned out, she was just as rash 
and impulsive as I was supposed 
to be. and prompted, I think, by 
amused affection on her side and 
rapt infatuation on mine, a light- 
hearted affinity had sprung up in a 
flash. The feast went on late, and 
abetted by woods and nightfall 
and the remote pan of the forest 
we had wandered to, all barriers 
broke down; and we weren’t sure 
where we were until at last we 
heard our Christian names being 
called, and ran to the assembly 
point where horses were being 
saddled and traces run through. 

During the next two nights and 
days, all unentwined moments 
seemed a waste. By a stroke of 
luck. Angela's family were in 
Budapest, but, for many reasons. 

for the Orthodox and bunches of 
rosaries for Roman Catholics; 
strings of garlic and onions,, 
incendiary green and red spikes of 
paprika, ashen helves, rakes, hay- 
forks, crooks, staves, troughs, 
churns, yokes, flails, carved flutes 
and wooden cutlery like those the 
Gypsies whittled in Istvfin’s court- 
yard. Pots and jugs and large 
pitchers for carrying on the shoul- 
der or the head were assembled by 
the hundred, rows of shoes stood 
alternately at attention and at 
ease, and dusters of canoe-toed 
rawhide moccasins were strung up 
by their thongs. I bought Angela a 
pocket-knife and an orange ker- 
chief for the dust and sbe.gave me 
a yard -or two of red and yellow 
braid for a sash. 

The drinks were beginning to 
work. We left, walking with care 
and suitable stealth, and on air; 
then dived into a hooded carriage 
that would have been a sleigh in 
winter and clip-dopped to a 
discreet Gypsy restaurant outside 

the town, returning to our fine 
vaulted quarters fired with pa- 


W e drank tzuica 
out of noggins 
with tall narrow 
necks at trestle 
tables under the 
acacia trees, 
striving to hear each other speak; 
but the animals, the shouting of 
wares, the bargaining, the fiddles, 
the shrill reeds, the tambourine 
and flute of a bear-leader and the 
siege of Gypsy beggars formed so 
solid a barrier that we bawled in 
each other’s ears in vain. Jews in 
black were sprinkled among the 
white tunics and the bright colours 
of the peasants. 

There were Gypsies every- 
where: women like tattered men- 
dicant rainbows; suckling infants, 
though too young for speech, were 
pitilessly grasping tar-babies al- 
ready and the men were wilder- 

vaulted quarters fired with pa- 
prika and glissandoes. 

How exhilarating it was next 
morning to be awakened by foe 
discord of reciprocally schismatic 
bells while foe half-shuttered July 
sunlight scattered stripes across 
foe counterpane! Furred and 
fragged, the magnates on the walls 
of the breakfast room surveyed us 
with their hands serenely crossed 
on the hihs of their scimitars. We 
looked at them in turn and 
admired the many tiers of em- 
blazoned bindings. Heralded by 
fumes, a very old retainer in a 
baize apron brought coffee and 
croissants from a distant part of 
the h ouse ami talked to us as we 
spread and dipped and sipped; 
and his tidings from the night 
before unloosed a long moment of 
gloom: Dolfuss had been assas- 
sinated by the Nazis. 

meetings were not easy and we * I™** 0 * foan any I had, ever sera: 

*i • * ■ . _ . • riarv as niinrimnnc with fnncM 

•Ac least the signature's genuine' 

cursed the intervening woods, 
lstvan was an old friend and of 
course he saw at once how things 
were and came to the rescue with 
an irresistible plan: be would 
borrow a motor car from a friend 
beyond Deva and the three of us 
would set out on a secret journey 
to the interior of Transylvania. 

I collected my stuff and made 
my farewells; for after the jaunt, I 
would strike south. The die was 
cast The car arri ved, the two of us 
set off. and in a few miles Angela 
jumped in at the appointed place 
and we drove east rejoicing. 

The borrowed vehicle was an 
old-feshioned, wdl-polished blue 
touring car with room for all three 
in front It had a canvas hood with 
a celluloid window in the back tad 
a scarlet rubber bulb which, after a 
moment's pressure, reluctantly 
sent a raucous moo out of a 
convoluted brass trumpet which 
echoed down the canyons and 
gave warning to all the livestock 
on the road. The car pitched about 
foe ruts and the potholes like a 
boat in a choppy sea and the dust 
of our progress alongside the 
Maros formed a ghostly cylinder. 

The path to the village ahead 
was noisy with farmyard sounds 
and when we had breasted the 
livestock and barrage of dust 
clouds, costumes from a seme of 
villages crowded in. Booths were 
laden with studded leather belts, 
sheepskin jackets, Mouses, ker- 
! chiefs and black and white conical 
fleece hats; there were girths, bits, 
stirrups, harness, knives, sickles, 
scythes and festoons of brass and 
iron sheep-bells bright from the 
forge; also, icons framed in tinsel 

dark as quadroons, with tousled 
beards, matted blue-black locks 
felling to their shoulders and eyes 
like man eaters. Drunks lurched in 
unsteady couples and snored 
under their cans. Towering hay- 
wains were drawn up all round: on 
one a nomadic hen was rashly 
laying an egg. 

Outs tilted their shafts in the air 
in a tangle of diagnosis and 
hundreds of horses of the sturdy 
Transylvanian breed fidgetted and 
whinnied and snorted on the 
outskirts of the village. The place 
might have been a Tartar, camp; 
and beyond the thatched roofs and 
foe leaves, the western mountain- 
mass of the old principality as- 
cended in steps to a jagged skyline: 

Our journey was a secret. The 
town of Kolozsvar wasn't as 
perilous as it would have been in 
foe winter season, with its parties 
and theatres and the opera in full 
blast, but we weren’t supposed to 
be there, Angela least of all. Istvfin 
revelled in the clandestine at- 
mosphere and so did we; it gave a 
stimulating, comic-opera touch to 
our journey; we left the conspicu- 
ous motor outside our quarters 
and stole about the town like 
footpads. Istv&n went ahead and 
peered round comers for fear of 
bumping into acquaintances; and, 
sure enough, he suddenly whis- 
pered, “About turn!” .and shep- 
herded us into an ironmonger’s 
and colourman's shop where, 
backs to the door, we stooped 
intently o ver a select ion of mouse- 
traps until the danger was past. It 
was someone he had been at 
school with in Vienna. 

The old dty was foil of town- 
houses and palaces, most of them 


A memorable 
lurch into 


empty now, with their owners 
away for the harvest. Thanks to 
this. lstvan had telephoned and 
borrowed a set of handsome 
vaulted rooms in one of them. 

An hotel at the other end of foe 
main square, called New York, a 
great meeting place in the winter 
season, drew my companions like 
a magnet Istvin said the barman 
had invented an amazing cocktail, 
only surpassed by the one called 
"Hying” in the Vier Jahreszeiien 
bar in Munich, which it would be 
criminal to miss. He stalked in, 
waved the all-dear from the top or 
some steps, and we settled in a 
strategic comer while foe demon- 
barman went mad with his shaker. 
There was nobody dse in the bar; 
- it was getting late and the muffled 
lilt of . foe waltz from Die 
Fledennaus hinted that everyone 
was in foe dining-room. We 
sipped with misgiving and delight 
among a Regency neo-Roman 
decor of cream and ox-blood and 
gilding Corinthian capitals spread 
their acanthus leaves and trophies 
of quivers, and hunting horns, 
lyres and violas were caught up 

with festoons between the pilas- 
ters. Our talk, as we sipped, ran on 
secrecy and disguise. "Perhaps I 

should pretend to have tooth- 
ache." Angela said, after foe 
second cocktail, and wrapped the 
' new kerchief round her head in a 
concealing bandage: “or," holding 
it stretched across her face below 
the eyes, “wear a yashmak. Or 
simply cover the whole thing up,” 
She wrapped her hod in the 
kerchief and tied it in a bow on top 
like a Christmas pudding. 

The man imperturbably set 
down a third round of glasses and 
then vanished just as Angela re- 
emerged. shaking her hair loose, to 
find the drinks there as though by 
magic. I suggested the helmet of 
darkness of Perseus. Istvin 
thought Siegfried’s Tamhelm 
would be better still; then she 
could not only become invisible 
but turn into someone else: King 
Carol Greta Garbo, Mussolini 
and Grouch o Marx were sug- 
gested. then the Prince of Wales or 
Laurel and Hardy; one of the two; 
she would have to choose, but she 
insisted on both. 

A t Segesvdr we put up 
at an inn with gables 
and leaded windows 
in a square lifted high 
above the roofs and 
foe triple cincture of 
foe town wall and dined at a heavy 
oak table in the Gastzimmer. The 
glasses held a cool local wine that 
washed down trout caught that 
afternoon, and every sight and 
sound — the voices, the wine- 
glasses, the stone mugs and the 
furniture shining with the polish 
ofa couple of centuries - brought 
it closer to a Weinstube by the 
Rhine or the Necker. When Istvdn 
retired, Angela and I sat on in the 
great smokey room holding hands, 
deeply aware that it was the last 
night but one of our journey. 

There are times when hours are 
more precious than diamonds. 
The gable-windows upstairs sur- 
veyed a vision of great unreality. 
The moon had triumphed over foe 
mute fireworks to foe east and the 
north and all the dimensions had 
been re-shuffled We leant on the 
sill and when Angela turned her 
head, her fece was bisected fora 
moment, one half silver, foe other 
caught by foe gold glow of 
lamplight indoors. 

Our leisurely mornings and late 
starts — mine and Angela’s fault — 
had set our programme back. The 
subterfuges and stratagems on 
which our journey depended were 
in clanger of breakdown. 

. “To horse!” Istvin said empty- 
ing his glass. We climbed in and 
started off We were soon scorch- 
ing along the road The rain- 
soaked landscape and the flocks of 
clouds rushing across the sky bad 
made us lower the hood 
But no sooner had we struck the 
old highway, beside the Maros 
than fete began to scatter our route 
with troubles. New since our 
passage there two days earlier, an 
untimely road-gang with a steam- 
roller and red flags had roped off 
potholes which had remained 
untouched for years. Maddened 
by frustration,' lstvan foiled them 
at last by cutting a bold semi- 
circular can tie across a stubble 
field Next we were held up by a 

collusion of ateep-walking buf- 
faloes with a gigantic threshing- 
machine crawling along a stretch - 
of road with woods on one side 
and on the other a sharp drop to a 
water-meadow; and finally, a mfle 
or so short of the last station- 
before our destination, there was a 
puncture, the second that day; just 
as we were tightening foe last 
screws on the freshly patched-up 
spare wheel the hoot iff a train- 
reached us from behind Then we 
saw foe femilar smoke-plume 
appearing along foe valley and 
heard the puffing and the clatter, 
and there it was. We leaped into, 
foe car as nimbly as firemen and 
lstvan seized the wheel . 

Swing- wells and fields of maize 
and tobacco shot behind and the - 
dust rose all about us in expanding : 
clouds. The windscreen was anew* 
the old-fashioned kind that divide ' 
lengthways, and when Istvin 
twisted a milled brass knob at the 
side, the lower edge of foe top half 
lifted outwards tmd the wind of 
our pace roared through us. Afl at 
once we were shooting through 
thousands and thousands of sun- 
flowers; then, far ahead,' the’ 
guard's van came in sight. The 
train was slowing up for Simerut / 
foe last halt before our target; and, 
just as it was moving on again we 
drew alongside. '_v 

As it picked up speed, we were . 
neck and neck; foe passengers 
peered out in amazement and we 
felt like Cherokees or Assiniboines 7 
galloping round a prairie train in 
feathers and bisons' horns. Istvin. ' 
was crouched over the wheel; 
shirt-sleeves rolled up, grinning 
fiercely like a cinder-eyed demon 
of speed with ribbed black-mack- 
intosh wings; and as we pulled' 
ahead, he let out a joyful howl; we; 
joined in, and the train hooted as 
though in capitulation. Angela was 
hugging herself, shoulders 
hunched and teeth bared with - 
excitement, hair flying out straight 
in foe slipstream. 

When we reached Deva station, 
foe train was just coming into 
sight again. We seized Angela'S: 
bag and started off over foe tracks. 
The station-master waved for us 
to stop, then, recognizing Istvin. . 
turned it into a salute; and when 
foe train drew up, we were 
serenely waiting for it under the 
acacias, which were as immutable 
a part of a Romanian platform as 
foe three gold rings and the scarlet- 
top of the station-master’s cap. 
Leaning down from her carriage 
window, she threaded crimson 
button-holes into our shirts from 
foe bunch of roses and tiger lilies. 

Our farewells had been made \ 
and I can still feel the dust on her 
anooth cheek. When the flag and - 
the whistle unloosed the train, she 
kept waving, then took off foe' 
Kerchief knotted round her throat 
and flourished that instead and we 
gesticulated frantically back. As H 

S J™?? s P® e< *’ Jfie kmg feerdiief " 
oated level unto the train, look- 
tng very small under foe slant of; 
foe woods, dwindled and van- 
isned; then it was only a feather .of" 

smoke among the Maros trees, ' 

£> Patrick Latgli Ftomor 

Extraaed from Between : foe 
Woods and foe Water, ro: be 
published next Thursday by John' 
Murray (£13.95). : 

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In one 


one month the 
“ ave shattered the 

Sf *» defend BriuinfL 
Pnny has dedicated 


{£ to the same day as the 

tifaT iff. ?u rder - have found 
WMn ,s their top electoral 

■ M ,'? Thatcher made much of 
irnstheme yesterday. Here was 
a rousing. speech in praise of 
democratic values. But this 

SSm” 01 been a month » 

gladden any democrat's heart. 

1 o nave only one potential 
“°Vf7? mem prepared to pro- 
^loe the country with credible 
aeience - one party which is 
10 ^I th e sudden risings 
and falls of political fortune 
that are the essence of demoo- 
racv itself - is a matter for 
profound misgiving. Tins 
weeks Conservative Party 
Conference came at the end of 
apoUt ,ca l year that has shown 
the Conservative Government 
to be at different times, incom- 
petent, disunited, and tired 
almost to death. This week 
might easily have added to this 
depressing list the further vices 
of complacency and arrogance. 

That it has not done so, is a 
tribute to the inner tou g hn ess 
of the Tory party. The much- 
publicised new programmes 
by Mrs Thatcher’s ministers 
have gone a long way to restore 
the Government’s mo- 
mentum. Those same min- 
isters have shown a striking 
degree of unity. And the unity 
of Bournemouth can be seen to 
go a long way beneath the 

surface of the Conference 

Mrs Thatcher’s own speech 
yesterday was a vivid version 
of the political case upon 
which she has buih her politi- 
cal reputation and her political 
life. In an_ important . sense, 
however, it was not the 
“crucial” speech that com- 
mentators like such speeches 
to be. 

The most crucial require- 
ment of this week was for the 
senior members ofher Cabinet 
to prove that in the wake of the 
Westland affair — un- 
mentioned at Bournemouth 
but not foigotten - Cabinet 
government was alive and 
well. The enhanced political 
skills of Sir Geoffrey Howe, 
Mr Nigel Lawson and Lord 
Young were palpable. Mrs 
Thatcher did not appear to be 
pulling levers in every Gov- 
ernment department by re- 
mote control from Downing 
Street Thai way success lies. 

Mr Tebbit was the only 
colleague that Mrs Thatcher 
mentioned by name. Mr 
Tebbit* s own speech — in reply 
to the debate on policy mid 
public relationsearlier in the 
day —had been remarkable for 
its care, restraint and gentle 

He maybe would have hm 
to have uttered the hard-edged 
ideological rhetoric which the 
Conference had heard from 
the leader of the Conservative 
students, Mr John Bercow: be 
contented himself with hoping 
that Mr Bercow would be a 
future Conservative Chan- 
cellor. When the Party Chair- 
man told the assembled 
representatives that they had 
consolidated the ground on die 
right and now had to retake the 
centre ground, it sealed a week 
of peace with his opponents. 

Will the peace stay sealed? 

Some observers yesterday 
were noting the paucity of 
references to Mrs Thatcher 
amongst the speakers in the 
debates and contrasting -this 
with die reliance that Mr 
Tebbit’s advertising men were 
placing on the Prime Minister 
as a televised election winner. 
Had the real presentation de- 
bate — that had so poisoned 
the Tory atmosphere in Au- 
gust — merely been postponed? 

There will no doubt be 
troubles to come. A succesful 
conference creates the right 
atmosphere for electoral suc- 
cess. It does not create success 
itself But the responsibility of 
being currently the only 
responsible government for 
Britain has bought out the best 
in the Conservative Party. The 
recently appointed “manifest 
committee" seems to be the 
successful catalyst over which 
disputes can be settled. 

There are already 
predicatble fears that the elec- 
tion mil not be fought soon 
enough. Those MFs who have 
most to risk from the Alliance 
would like to fight while their 
opponents are weak and while 
Labour can be presented as the 
poll-topping bogey that an 
Alliance vote could put into- 
power. They are worried that 
the Prime Minister might wait 
too long to be ahead of Labour 
in the polls; that a three party 
fight makes conventional de- 
cisions about election timing 
difficult for an often con- 
ventional lady; that an un- 
expected Tory squall (another 
Westland) or an improved 
international climate (post- 
summit euphoria) could bring 
the Alliance forward again. 

Three sentiments domi- 
nated the talk on the Bourne- 
mouth-to-London train: well 
done, what a relief and when? 


When Ronald Reagan and 
Mikhail Gorbachov sit down 
together in Reykjavik today, 
they will be continuing the 
dialogue that began.Ii months 
ago in Geneva. But hejther caif 
afford this time to rest content 
with established rapport 
Which is where the problems 

In agreeing to go to Reyk- 
javik, President Reagan has 
made a concession to the finer 
feelings of his. Soviet counter- 
part He has saved him a 
possibly fruitless and therefore 
face-losing visit to Wash- 
ington. He will need to dem- 
onstrate, both to those 
Americans hankering after an 
arms agreement and to those 
fearful of surrendering the 
perceived strength of the 
United States, that his journey 
has been worthwhile. 

A handshake on a future 
agreement on specific arms 
reductions might suffice; so 
might a fixed date for the 
Washington summit Indefi- 
nite postponement of the 
Strategic Defence Initiative 
would be too large a con- 
cession. But less than a hand- 
shake would revive fading 
memories of the inflexible 
president Mr Reagan once. 

seemed ’ 

The Soviet leader, however, 
needs more. He needs to 
convince his generals that he is 
not leaving his country 
defenceless for the sake of 
improved living standards. He 
also needs to convince his 
people that their country is the 
superpower they have been 
iold »t is. despite the 

Chernobyl disaster, the sink- 
ing of the passenger liner in the 
Black Sea and the recent 
submarine loss. 

Probably, as a. result of the 
intensive talks conducted by 
US and Soviet officials since 
June, the two leaders are going 
to Iceland with shopping lists 
which look deceptively simi- 
lar. Their priorities, however, 
are quite different President 
Reagan has placed human 
rights at the top of his list, by 
which he means greater free- 
dom of movement for Soviet 
citizens, including the right to 
emigrate, and closer Soviet 
observance of its obligations 
under international human 
rights agreements. 

For the Soviet side the 
priority is, as it has tradition- 
ally been, arms control; or at 
least, arms control Soviet- 
style. It is a priority which has 
manifested itself in a succes- 
sion of campaigns: against the 
deployment of US medium- 
range nuclear missies in West- 
ern Europe; against President 
Reagan's Strategic Defence 
Initiative, and — most recently 
— against nuclear tests. 

The dash of priorities be- 
tween arms control and hu- 
man rights has. dogged 
relations ever since Helsinki 
But it has also made the policy 
of “linkage" between human 
rights on the one hand and 
progress on trade and arms 
control on the other a work- 
able and effective policy for 
the West 

This is where, unless Presi- 
dent Reagan’s public concern 
for human rights is attenuated 

in private, there is most hope 
for progress. The Soviet side 
has indicated its own, albeit 
too limited, recognition of 
“linkage” by freeing, in ad- 
vance of the summit, the 
Christian poetess Irina 
Ratushinskaya, and allowing a 
number of "refuseniks" to 
leave. In return,- it is no doubt 
hoping for some movement on 
arms control. 

The most likely areas are 
two: reductions in the number 
of strategic warheads held by 
each side and in the number of 
medium-range missiles sta- 
tioned in Europe. The first 
would be no more than the 
partial implementation of an 
undertaking made in principle 
at Geneva last November, it 
would provide a paper agree- 
ment, if that is what the Soviet 
side requires, bat it might not 
be thought enough. 

An accord reducing the 
number of medium-range mis- 
siles deployed in Europe or 
reducing the notional number 
when the Nato deployments 
are complete, is also possible 
as a result of recent negotia- 
tions at Geneva. It coukl offer 
just the agreement Mr 
Gorbachov is looking for. The 
Soviet Union jeopardized its 
whole relationship with the 
United States in protest at the 
deployment of cruise and Per- 
shing three years ago. But can 
he now accept such an agree- 
ment without the indefinite 
postponement of the Strategic 
Defence Initiative he has him- 
self made a condition of any 
agreement? That is what this 
weekend’s meeting will show. 

ported from Ryedale, in 
hire, that any fanner 
i willing to get rid of his 
■n, electronic bird-scar- 
vice and replace it with 
Id-fashioned scarecrow 
e given £5 out of the 

ry man, they say, has his 
but we could have sworn 
a Yorkshire farmer’s 
be higher than a fiver, 
however, is by the way; 
nterests us is the reason 
i is municipal miuufi- 
It is not, as might be 
jed, the fruits of some 
which has piwred that 
dd-fashioned Worael 


xaaim keeping 
, than any comput- 
tem of bleeps and 
ieed, it has noting 
i birds at all. The 
; of Ryedale . are 
ie bounty because 
re that the Worzel 
» model will attract 
the area. 

ives us more be- 
ban the suggestion 
e t a Yorksftireman 
the cost of a three- 

week subscription to The 
Times. Try as we will, we 
cannot conjure up the scene 
presumably envisaged by 
Ryedale’s rulers, in which 
holiday-bound families from 

London and Manchester, 
Pittsburgh and Kansas City, 
Tokyo and Osaka,- descend 
upon Ryedale in their thou- 
sands and fen out into the 
countryside in search of scare- 
.crows to photograph. 

True, the traditional Worzel 
Gumniidge is a delightful fig- 
ure, with his stick arms, bat- 
tered hat; frayed waistcoat and 
straws in. his hair, but he is 
surely sufficiently mmiliar, 
both from his many years of 
service in the fields and from 
his more recent television 
careeer, to make it unlikely 
that he could divert foreign 
tourists from the Tower of 
London or British holiday- 
makers from the sands of 

Of course, if Ryedale’s See- 
the-Scarecrow campaign is 
only part of a lai^r package 
encompassing a saferj-parfc , * 
roller-coaster, a bed for the 
night in a haunted house and a 

medieval banquet served by 
wenches in daring dScoRetage 
there might be something in it, 
but there was no suggestion of 
further delights in the 
announcement from Ryedale. 

We are tempted to say that 
we will give £5 to anyone who 
claims to have gone on holiday 
in Ryedale solely in order to 
see the scarecrows, mid we 
doubt that there would be 
many takers. On the other 
hand, if the thing caught on, 
rival resorts would have to* 
think up something to redress 
the balance. Another fiver for 
anyone who will put a stone 
gnome in his garden? A tenner 
for those willing to name their 
house Dunroamin, 

1 Kumfyholme or Wehvehere? 
Surely, if the visitors came 
flocking to see a scarecrow 
they will be no less eager for 
these treats? 

Possibly. But we think that 
Venice need not tremble, nor 
Buckingham Palace give up 
changing the guard; when 
you've seen, one scarecrow, 
you've seen them alL Our 
advice to the farmers of 
Ryedale is to take the money 
and run. 


Schools under the spotlight 

From Mrs Ida F. Weighell 
Sir, As a former teacher I have 
read the checklist for choosing the 
right school (Spectrum, October 6) 
with interest May I suggest one of 
my own — h is much shorter. Ask: 

1. your local director of education, 

2. the chairman- of your local 
committee of education, 

3. the members of your local 
committee of education, 

4. your local MP. 

5. the head teachers of your local 
first, middle and comprehensive 

6. the beads of departments of 
your local colleges of further 

the simple question, “Which 
schools did/do, your own 
children/grandchUdren attend?". 

There can be no greater act of 
confidence in a particular school 
than in sending erne’s children to 
be educated under its care. 

Yours faithfully, 

IDA F. WF.lfi KF-T.I_, 

21 Cloister Way, 

Leamington Spa, Warwickshire. 
October 6. 

From Dr Howard Tomlinson 
Sir, I am pleased that Aman da 
Alba and Sarah Drummond were 
heartened by what they saw during 
their two years researching in- 
dependent schools. I, for one, 
however, was not heartened by 
their survey. In feet, I found some 
of their remarks offensive and 

When I read that boys’ schools 
represented “the English class 
system charging on unchecked", 
girls were “the big answer to 
homosexuality’*, and that Asians 
were perceived as “unsporty and 
lacking in team spirit", I won- 
dered whether the authors were 

Public school preoampation 
with class, homosexuality and 
snobbery made good copy in the 
1930s for Worsley’s Flannelled 
Fool, bat they are misleading as 
indicators of independent school 
attitudes in the 1980s. 

Yours faithfully, 



Wellington College, 

Crowthorne, Berkshire. 

October 8. 

From Miss Emma Brook 
Sir, If, as is implied, there is such a 
shortage of inspired teachers in 
public schools, I would suggest 
that dissatisfied public-school pu- 
pils should transfer to comprehen- 
sive schools. All my teachers are 
very good. 

Incidentally, although 1 attend a 
State school, I do not consider 
myself to be sloppy (dome an 
average of four hours' homework 
each night); I am only very slightly 

spotty (presumably caused by the 
ignorance of my parents in food 
matters - note my address): and 
State schools could not hope to 
rival public schools in tire produc- 
tion of “louche" characters, such 
as Burgess and Maclean — but, 
given a little more funding, who 

Yours faithfully, 

(Higbfiekte Comprehensive 
School, Matlock), 

2 Lea Wood Croft, 


Matlock, Derbyshire. 

October 6. 

From the Headmistress of 
Withington Girls' School 
Sir, Oh dear! The Top Twenty 
Girls' Schools, and only two north 
of Birmingham! I am of course 
delighted to see Bolton School 
(Girls’ Division) included and 

hope it will not appear sour grapes 
if I raise an eyebrow on behalf of 
other humble toilers in northern 

Yours faithfully, 

Withington Girls* School, 
Wellington Road, 
fitiiowfield, Manchester. 

October 8. 

From Mr P. M. B. Savage 
Sir, In your “Good Schools 
Guide" today (October 7) the 
authors say. in their section about 
Eton, that “Boys stiff wear the 
traditional bum freezers (tailcoats) 
and stiff collars'*. 

This is not correct. Bumfreezers 
were the very short jackets that 
stopped at the waist which you 
' wore until you were tall enough to 
wear tails. They were also known 
as “Eions" and included the Eton 
collar, worn outside the jacket, 
which reached halfway up the 
neck and halfway across the 

Yours faithfully. 

Windmere Edge, 

IS Shilton Road, 

Burford. Oxfordshire. 

October 7. 

From Mrs J. H. Upton 
Sir, I write to protest at the 
annihilation of myself and five 
colleagues. 1 refer to the entry on 
Charterhouse in the Good Schools 
Guide (October 7). 

No female tegehlng staff? We 
are very much alive and to be 
found in the art, geography, 
modern languages and science 
departments. Indeed, Sir, nous 
pensons, done nous sommes. 

Yours faithfully, 



Godaiming, Surrey. 

October 8. 

Gash over service 

From the Rev Canon G. Austin 
Sir, The action of the Movement 
for the Ordination of Women in 
encouraging the use . of the most 
sacred ad of worship of the 
Church as a symbolic act of scorn 
and defiance should be treated 
with the contempt which such 
foolishness deserves. Solemn 
archiepiscopal injunctions are not 
the way to deal with a temper 

The long-term implications are, 
however, more serious. After 
hours of democratic synodical 
debate to decide whether women 
ordained abroad should be al- 
lowed to exercise their priesthood 
in the Church of England, the 
Measure foiled to achieve the 
required majority in the Houses of 
both the clergy and laity (and only 
barely reached it in the House of 

Supporters of the ordination of 
women took an active part in 
those debates, yet as soon as the 
atiempt to achieve their object by 
legal means foiled, threats were 
made (and now have been ful- 
filled) that they would go ahead 
anyway and encourage illegal acts. 
Such behaviour is an increasingly 
familiar but no less ugly feature of 
modern political life against which 
the Church should offer a better 

In February the bishops win 
offer suggestions for the legislation 
on women priests which the 
Synod must consider and, if they 
are wise, the proposals will include 
conscientious safeguards for those 
who are in opposition, in order 
that they may remain in the 
Anglican Church. Yet from the 
debate in July at the York Synod, 
(on the McLean report) it was 
dear that there were more than a 
few liberals who thought there 
should be no such provisions. 

Miss Bennett’s action has made 
the bishops' task infinitely more 
difficult. How can opponents now 
believe that safeguards and other 
conscientious provisions in such 
legislation will be honoured^ by 
supporters of women's ordina- 
tion? Will they not seek to rescind 
them as soon as convenient (as 
Sweden did after 25 years and as 
Canada did after only three)? And 

in the wider field, may we know 
what other legislation with which 
we may happen to disagree we can 
safely ignore? 

Yours faithfully, 


The Vicarage, 

19 High Road, 

Bushey Head], 

Watford, Hertfordshire. 

October 7. 

From die Archdeacon of Derby 
Sir, I have received Holy Commu- 
nion at an ecumenical service in 
Derbyshire from a Methodist 
minister who was a woman and in 
the USA from an Anglican priest 
who was a woman. I was invited to 
receive the sacrament at a Roman 
■Catholic Mass in Switzerland and 
did so. As for as I am aware it was 
proper for me to do so and I know 
I am in good (episcopal) com- 

P& Yet it would be improper for me 
to receive Holy Communion from 
a woman priest of the Anglican 
Communion m England! The 
recent celebration m Church 
House, Westminster, raises 
sharply the question how long this 
anomalous position can be main- 

Yours faithfully, 


72 Pastures Hill, 

Littlover, Derby. 

From die Reverend J. R. Hopcrafi 
Sir, You report (October 6) that a 
letter of apology is to be sent from 
the Church of England to the 
Queen via the Home Secretary 
because a woman priest presided 
at a Communion in a room under 
the Queen’s personal jurisdiction. 

I took a small part in that 
service and wish to dissociate 
myself from any such unnecessary 
and supine apology, which has not 
been asked for. There was nothing 
to apologise about; it was a 
reverent and seemly celebration of 
the Sacrament We were a private 
gathering exercising those re- 
ligious liberties which we expect 
the Queen, the Home Secretary 
and the Archbishop to uphold. 
Yours faithfully. 


Team Vicar, 

St Chad’s Vicarage, 

8 Cumberland Road, 

Bfiston, West-Midlands. 

Turn of the tide 

From the President of the Royal 
I/aiitute of British Architects 
Sir, I have just returned from the 
preview of the Foster Rogers 
Stirling show at the Royal Acad- 

Viewed simply as a brilliant 
piece of visual entertainment the 
exhibition is stunning; but dull 
would he be of soul who could 
emerge without a new sense of the 
resourcefulness, authority and 
magic of this.great contemporary 
architecture. One sees the whole 
world with new eyes and a world 
of new possibilities. 

Although all three have received 
the Royal Gold Medal for 
Architecture, they have untO now 
been more honoured and commis- 
sioned abroad thatriin their own 

country. It has taken the media 
and the establishment a long time 
to appreciate their quality and 
their international sta n d in g. 

I believe this exhibition will 
mark a turning of the tide not only 
for these three but for the wealth of 
gifted architects this country pos- 
sesses and shamefully underuses. 
Now, the Royal Academy has 
given the public a chance to reach 
their own verdict In doing so I 
hope they will give the lie to the 
tired jibes about modern architec- 
ture, most of which in fact apply to 
bad buildings as much as 20 or 30 
years old. 

Yours faithfully, 

Royal Institute of British Archi- 

66 Portland Place, WI. 

October 3. 

Sunday threat to 
greyhound racing 

From the Chairman of the British 
Greyhound Racing Board 
Sir. The two racing fraternities 
have always got along well and, as 
an enthusiastic follower of the 
turf, I read your recent articles on 
the call for Sunday horse racing 
(October 2 and 3) with keen 
interest. However, on behalf of an 
industry which in 1985 attracted 
4.8 million spectators - over one 
million more than went horse 
racing - I should like to raise 
some additional points- 
We in the greyhound racing 
industry are not against Sunday 
racing, but there are. in our view, 
higher priorities. If £OU have 
Sunday racing, you will always 
have betting and without a levy on 
betting shops, greyhound racing 
will gain very little. Sunday grey- 
hound raring is already legal in 

New Hampshire. USA. and in 
Spain, but they have a tote 
monopoly and a consequent tax 
built in, some of which returns to 

1 don't think that a large 
proportion of the public necessar- 
ily warns any Sunday racing and it 
certainly doesn't appear to need it. 
If attendances kept increasing on 
Saturdays, there could be an 
argument, but they are col 
With an equivalent levy to 
horse racing, greyhound raring 
could provide for more for the 
large following it has: but without 
it. Sunday racing will only spread 
the limited jam even more thinly 
and, of course, evening opening of 
betting shops would ensure the 
dea t h of greyhound racing for 

What we need is to overhaul the 
whole racing system before it is 
too late, and not just to peck at 
little pans of it. It is large, popular 
and generates a vast sum of 
money. On-course betting for 
horses and greyhounds combined 
in 1985 was £381 million, with 
over half (£192 million) being bet 
on the dogs, while off-course 
betting on greyhounds is about 20 
• per cent of total bets, equalling 
£740 million. 

It is high time that more of that 
money went to help the racing 
industry, in all parts. 

Yours faithfully, 


House of Lords. 

October 6. 

Debate on Ulster 

From Mr John D. Taylor, MPJor 
Strangford (Ulster Unionist) 

Sir, Is it really possible for the 
Tory Party to fail to debate the 
deteriorating situation developing 
in Northern Ireland which is one 
of the major political and constitu- 
tional issues which has arisen 
since the last Tory conference and 
which will certainly influence the 
final result and possible nature of 
the Government after the next 
general election? 

I refer, of course; to the Anglo- 
Irish Agreement by which the 
present Tory Prime Minister 
agreed to give a Cabinet minister 
from another country a greater say 
in both the administration of the 
laws and the preparation of new 
laws for pan of the United 
Kingdom than have the elected 
British MPs from that same part 
of the United Kingdom. 

In November, 1985, Mrs 
Thatcher assured us that the 
Anglo-Irish Agreement would be 
the basis of peace and reconcili- 
ation in Ulster. After 10 months 
those who live in Ulster know the 
result on the ground to be the 
opposite. Polarisation, intimida- 
tion at work and in the home, 
violence and terrorism, un- 
employment — these are now the 
fruits of the Anglo-Irish Agree- 
ment. It is time for the British 
Conservative Party — no longer 
accepted as being in support of 
Northern Ireland being in the 
United Kingdom - to assess the 

Not only do Ulster Unionists 
feel let down by the Conservatives 
but both Ulster Unionists, with 
probably 15 MPs in the next 
Parliament, and Scottish Union- 
ists now selecting 10 candidates to 
oppose Conservative MPs in key 
marginal Scottish seals, will en- 
sure that those who oppose the 
Tory policy of partial Dublin rule 
within the United Kingdom will 
have a major Influence on the 
structure of the next Government 
In this context the Tories will 
suffer unless there is an early effort 
to reverse the damage being 
caused in Ulster today. 

Yours sincerely, 


House of Commons. 


Nuclear deterrence 

From Mr R. C. Hope-Jones 
Sir. Is not Sir John Killick being a 
little disingenuous when he tells us 
(October 3) that defence policy for 
the Atlantic has always been the 
result of collective consultation? 
He knows very well that both our 
1962 decision to purchase Polaris 
and our 1 980 derision to replace it 
with Trident were taken without 
any prior consultation with our 
European Nato Allies. 

Had they been consulted, they 
would probably have uiged us to 
spend the money on something 
that actually contributed to their 
security. Our independent nuclear 
deterrent makes no such contribu- 
tion. since we know, and they 
know, and the Russians know that 
it would only be used in response 
to a direct nuclear attack on the 
United Kingdom — if then. 

Yours truly, 


Wellfield House. 

Mill Lane. 




October 6. 


OCTOBER 11 1961 

Corporal William Glass, referred 
to in the leading article, was one of 
the garrison stationed on die 
Hslana to prerent any attempt to 
liberate Napoleon from his exile 
on St Helena In 1961 the 
evacuated islanders were resettled 
in a disused RAF camp at Caixhot. 
Most of than returned to the 
island in 1963. In 1966 some of 
those returned to Britain 




CAPE TOWN. Oct. 10 
With the cone of the islmuTs 
hitherto "dead" volcano glowing in 

the sky above them, and erupting 
lava, the whole population of 
Tristan da Cunha has been taken 
aboard the vessel Tristania and 
another small ship for transfer to 
the desolate Nightingale I slan d. IS 
miles away. 

The latest messages report that 
their morale is “Rood” but their 
stay on Nightingale Island will be 
without comfort. There is neither 
shelter nor a permanent supply of 
water there for the 260 men, 
women and children who will be 
crowding it. It is expected, howev- 
er. that the Dutch vessel, Tjisdane, 
which is on the way frum South 
America, will reach there early 
tomorrow, and begin the evacua- 
tion of the islanders to Cape Town. 

. . . Vice-Admiral Copeman, 
Commander-in-Chief South At- 
lantic, reporting a message re- 
ceived by his headquarters from 
Tristan, said that lava was flowing, 
and the whole eastern end of the 
island was “cracking**. Great lumps 
of rock and earth were being forced 
up to a height of 30 ft. or more. 

CAPE TOWN, Oct 10.- 
Mr. P. J. F. Wheeler, the Adminis- 
trator of the island, reported from 
on board the Tristania that “all 
British and South African person- 
nel from the inland are safe and 
welT ... The master of the 
Tristania reported the beginning of 
the evacuation at about nine 
o’clock this morning?- “Now try- 
ing to get longboats offshore and 
going down to pick up whole crowd. 
Hope squeeze whole population on 
both Repetto and Tristania. Volca- 
no pushed up ISO ft of lava. 
Flouring freely and smoking. No 
actual things flying about” 

The islanders* lot, formerly very 
impoverished, has improved since 
a fish -canning scheme suggested by 
the chaplain was launched by the 
Tristan da Cunha Development 
Company 10 years ago. The factory 
has 27 longboats ana many of the 
islanders have small boats of their 
own. The inhabitants live in a 
village cnfWf Edinburgh — m>nv»d 
after a former Duke who visited the 
island in 1867 — in the north-west 
comer of the island ..." 

Dogged Islanders 
The stirring of the volacno on 
Tristan da Cunha threatens a 
monstrous end to a community 
that has Lung on against the odds 
for more than 140 years. The 
settlement lies on a little promon- 
tory under the great basalt shoul- 
der of the mountain in mid-ocean 
nearly 7,000ft. high. It is more than 
a hundred years since the last 
recorded earthquakes, and the 
little lake in the crater supplied the 
islanders with drinking water. 

It was in 1817 that CORPORAL 
CLASS and his family chose to 
stay behind when the British 
garrison were taken off The 
Admiralty had found supplies too 
difficult to justify holding a perma- 
nent station there to com m a nd the 
South Atlantic. GLASS founded a 
‘Finn*’ in which “no member shall 
assume any superiority whatso- 
ever, but all would be considered 
equal in every respect”. The princi- 
ple has been fairly well maintained. 
In 1827 theseven men, two women, 
aid two children were reinforced 
by the arrival of coloured brides 
from St Helena for the five 
bachelors. There were seldom more 
than forty adults for the rest of the 
century, scratching a living from 
potato patches and what the sea 
provided. In the days of sail their 
help in shipwreck was celebrated. 
Some survivors stayed, accounting 
for two Italian surnames among 
the eight on the felwnd- 
Even the loss of most of their 
able-bodied men at sea seventy- 
five years ago did not make the 
people of Tristan give up. The 
world took more of an interest in 
them, friends in Britain sent 
help from time to time. Not until 
the Second World War, when it 
was fniwmiccinnwi by ti* Admiral- 
ty as HMS Atlantic Isle, did it 
come into the modern scheme of 
things. A padre has long been 
provided by the Society for the 
Propagation of the GospeL The 
250 or so islanders now have a 
fishing industry, a doctor, an 
administrator, even their own 
atampc The Tristan da Cunha 
Fund was wound up only this year 
as no longer needed. It is hard that 
disaster should strike now. 

Time and place 

From Mr G. Pellzer Dunn 
Sir. I refer to Ms Sarah 
Houghton's letter (October 7). 

One Sunday, due to the absence 
of our regular umpire, I stood in a - 
local dub cricket match. Whilst 
awaiting the delivery of the next ' 
ball I was musing upon that! 
morning's sermon which had> 
posed the question “Where is! 

At that moment the ball was! 
delivered and struck the 
batsman's pads, low down right in . 
from of the wicket. The resultant • 
appeal propelled my finger sky- ; 
wards! j 

Yours faithfully. 


234 New Church Road, -» 

Hove. East Sussex. 



':i!» ‘ 


I \ »! 

Ordination of women 

Why a bishop should choose 


Prelate of the people 



October 10: His Excellency 
Monsieur Jacques Viot and 
Madame Viot were received in 
farewell audience by The Queen 
this morning and lode leave 
upon His Excellency relinquish- < 
ing his appointment as Ambas- 
sador Extraordinary and 
Plenipotentiary from the French 
Republic to the Court of Si i 

His Excellency Monsieur 
Assiongbon Agbenou was re- ' 
reived m audience by The 
Queen and presented the Letters I 
of Recall of his predecessor and 

The hardest moment of the 
annual meeting of the Move- 
ment for the Ordination of 
Women at Church House last 
weekend did not come in the 
Eucharist; on the contrary, 
that was a natural, restorative 

price, putting people in that 

of the ideal of universal 

The role-p&ying bishop ex- 
pressed the anguish very well. 
Was he not behind the ordina- 
tion of women all the way? 
Was there really anything else 
he could do. given his position 
and his responsibilities? He 
had indeed done what he 
could, except for the one thing 
which was needed, and that 
was 10 opt for them. 

His difficulty was that to opt 
for the women seeking ordina- 
tion meant leaving behind not 
merely other people ("I am 
pastor to everybody”) but a 
whole set of deeply ingrained 
ideas and perceptions. And he 
would have been accustomed 
to a style of praying which 
subtiv presupposes a unity of 
mind and heart, and a view of 
holiness .excluding tension, 
anger and conflict 

When he was ordained and 
undertook the various obliga- 
tions of ministry there was no 
suggestion that they might at 
some point conflict with one 
another and that he would 
have to choose. So be under- 
took "to have a special care for 
the outcast and needy” and to 
uphold ecclesiastical disci- 
pline; perish the thought that 
they might ever pull in op- 
posite directions- 

Most of the time the "out- 
cast and needy” are far more 
silent about their claim than 
are ecclesiastical authorities, 
and so the choice (and it is a 
choice) goes in that direction 
unno&cecL It is at times such 
as ours, when the cry of a 
suppressed vocation can be 
ignored no longer, that be has 
to choose openly and account- 

position; an instinct that con- 
flict is bound to be a sign of 
sin: and the belief expressed in 
the bishop's function in ser- 
vice after service, that the 
bishop is representative of the 

and healing event, and the, whole Church. 

his own Letters of Credence as 
Ambassador Extraordinary and 
Plenipotentiary from Togo to 
the Court of Si James's. 

His, Excellency was accompa- 
nied by the following members 
of the Embassy who had the 

honour of being presented to 

Her Majesty: Mr Kodzo Senanu 
Noglo (First Counsellor), Mr 
Ouro-Gnao Sebou (Consular 
Attache) and Mr Kilouziba 
Lanwi Lakignan (Financial 

Madame Agbenou had the 
honour of being received by The 

Air Chief Marshal Sir Michael 
Knight had the honour of being 
received by The Queen upon his 
appointment as Air Aide-de- 
Camp to Her Majesty. 

His Excellency Dr Owart 
Suthiwart-Naruepul and Mrs 
Suthiwan-Naruepui were re- 
ceived in farewell audience by 
The Queen and took leave upon 

promise of a better future. 

Hie hardest moment for 
me, the only bishop present, 
came when members staged 
two dramatic "role plays” 
depicting encounters between 
movement delegates and their 
bishop. One- "bishop" was 
portrayed as a most enthusias- 
tic support of women's 
ordination, fulsome in his 
approval of and interest in 
what the group was doing. 

The purpose of the imagi- 
nary encounter, however, was 

to find out what he was doing 
or proposing to do, and he 
became pretty short on con- 
tent It was ail very realistic 
and, for me, uncomfortable. 
The giveaway line fox the 
"bishop” was, "I am pas- 
toral ly responsible for 
everybody*. So be could not 
ally himself clearly and firmly 
with the cause he claimed to 
support, because of the re- 
action of opponents. 

In nearly two years as a 
bishop I have found nothing 
harder to struggle against than 
that debilitating view of pas- 
toral responsibility. There are 

It is a view summed 14 ) in 
the often used phrase “focus of 
unity”, embedded deep in the 
episcopal culture and popular 
expectation. It does not lake 
long to acquire. 

In the Church of England 
that view of pastoral 
universality as the ideal de- 
rives support from a long 
tradition, very explicit in the 
Prayer Book and certainly not 
expunged in recent liturgies, of 
assimilating God, and then all 
authority, to the image of the 
English monarch: that person- 
age whose life, lived above the 
flux of social conflict, is 
conducted in a manna all can 
esteem, and from which none 

need fed alienated. 

During periods of agree- 
ment. such "monarch figures” 
can exercise their universal 
pastorate with relative ease: In 
a fragmented society, and 
especially one which' reaches 
the point where some — 
because they are poor or 
because they are Made — are 
not evea included, the po- 
sition of "the universal 

several &ts to it: a desire to person” becomes immensely 
love, which involves reaching precarious- 

out to people who differ from 
you; the tradition that to be 

His Excellency relinquishing his I out of communion with your 

appointment as Ambassador 
Extraordinary and Pleni- 
potentiary from Thailand to the 
Court of St James's. 

Mqior Hugh Lindsay had the 
honour of being received by The 
Queen when Her Majesty in- 
vested him with the Insignia of a 
Member of the Royal Victorian 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips this morning opened 
the new plant at Rockwool Ltd, 
Pencoed. Mid Glamorgan. 

Her Royal Highness was re- 

bishop is to be outside the 
Church — and Unit seems to 
impose an obligation on bish- 
ops to avoid, at almost any 

In relation to many groups 
and individual^ and in 
particular in relation to 
women with the grace and 
calling of priests or bishops in 
them, the Church is such a 
society. So what is to become 

ably, and for that be finds 
himself — I found myself — 
very ill-equipped. 

Thai is not all his fault, and j 
the difficulty is not the 
bishops' alone. They are that ! 
way because that, is the way 
the Church wants them to be: 
if they do not choose maybe 
the Church will also escape j 
without choosing, which all of { 
us would rather do if we 
happened to be .the bench- 
darks of the way zhingsare. j 

Last Saturday the cruel j 
fantasy was exposed: that you 
can be for women's ordination ' 
and for the Church of 
England's present way of do- 
ing tilings. The reality is that 
Anglican women pnests are 
not a future hope but real 
people already live among us, 
and we all have to recognize 
them now or deny them now. 

As for bishops, one thing 
they could do is give up the 
phrase “focus of unity"; bish- 
ops do focus the Church, but 
what they focus is the Church 
as it is. Being a foots of 
disunity is not therefore in 
itself a sign of pastoral failure. 

The components of the 
"universal pastor” view are, 
taken individually as I de- 
scribed them, a rich inher- 
itance of love and concern; 
taken together, they have 
come to form an 
encuznbecance which we, like 
the rich ruler, may sometimes 
be called to dispose of if we are 
to choose for Christ. 

Cardinal Michele 

Pellegrino. Roman Catholic 
archbishop of Turin from 
1965 to 1977, and one of that 
church's most effective expo- 
nents of social reform, .died 
yesterday at the age of 83. 

Pellegrino was bom the son 
of a bricklayer in the village of 
Centalla north-west Italy. He 
was ordained in 1925, and 

earned degrees in theology, 
literature and philosophy. For 
a number of yens he taught at 
tie lay university in Turin, his 
speciality bring the doctrines 
of the Church Fathers. 

He came to prominence 
during the Second Vatican 
Council (1962-65) for his 
frankness as much as for his 
open-mindedness, gaining a 
reputation as "a new kind of 
bishop” for his strong stance 
in favour of theological free- 

"If each one knows that he 
is permitted to express his 
opinion with wholesome free- 
dom, he will act with the 
straightforwardness and sin- 
cerity that should shine in the 
Church,” Pellegrino declared. 
“Otherwise, the abominable 
plague of dishonesty and hy- 
pocrisy can hardly be 
avoided.” ■ 

Pope Paul VI appoint^ 
him archbishop of Turin in 
September. 196S, and cardinal 
the following year. At the time 
he was widely considered a 
papa) candidate. 

He went to Oxford in 1967 
to open the fifth international 
conference on Patristic stud: 
ies. While there, be accepted 
an invitation to preach at 
evensong in a packed Christ 

The Right Rev 
Peter Selby 

Bishop of Kingston upon 

homily addressed to the work- 
ers, he said: "To be aware of ... 
your vocation as workers . 
means to take account of the . 
rights due to you." 

These views won PeHegnao 
few friends among Turin's . 
industrialists. They also made 
many conservative . 
epdesiastics fed distinctly un- 
comfortable. and they wens, 
quick to allege that bis most . 
famous pastoral tetter . 

CamminarelnsiemeVNdBtktg ■ 
Hand in Hand), issued in 1971 

Hand in Hand), issued m 1971 
- was written only after he had 
conferred with communists. - 
He was equally rigorous in 

judging the’ Church’s behav- 
iour. The previous year he ha! V 
voiced his doubts about the 
traditional election of the ' 
Pope the cardinals alone: V 
This task, he insisted, ‘V 
should be extended to involve 
the bishops. "Those truly :* 
responsible for the govern--- 

Church Cathedral - the firct 
Roman Catholic prelate to 
take part in a service in the 
cathedral since the 

The cardinal applied his 

historical method to hispasto- 

ml work. He was convinced ment of the LhurciL 

ral work. He was convinced 
that Christianity should not be 
compromised with power, 
with politics or with the 
prevailing economic system. 
He encouraged his priests to 
study philosophy, history, bi- 
ology and physics ► disciplines 
which, he believed, armed 
them well for the modern 

During his incumbency in 
the country's industrial heart- 
land, he abided strictly by 
what he felt to be Christian 
social thinking. "The man 
miu»H in labour relations the 
employer,” he said, "is no 
more than an equal with 
whom the worker has entered 
imo a contract-” And in a 

catlv, are the Pope and the 
bishops. The cardinals are a ! 
human creation and mifdbt - 
well disappear one day. The: 
bishops will never disappear." £ 
Pellegrino was a pastor who * 
had the affection of tus flock,:: 
and was fondly known as the*: 
"worker cardinal". He kept/ 
together a difficult diocese^ 
wracked by social problems 
and labour unrest 
He never forgot his humble; 
origins. He lived frugally;.' 
wore a simple cassock and f t; . 
wooden cross, and even as a. 
cardinal eschewed the title 
"your eminence”, insisting in- 
stead on being addressed as 



ceived by Her Majesty's Lord- 
Lieutenant for Mid Glamorgan 

Lieutenant for Mid Glamorgan 
(Mr Douglas Bad ham). 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips, President of the Riding 
for the Disabled Association, 
this afternoon visited the 
Pembrokeshire "A” Group at 
Norchard Farm Riding School, 
Manorbier. Tenby where Her 
Royal Highness was received by 

Mr and Mrs EJLI 
and Mbs M.V. Frefel Esher. Surrey, and . 

The engagement is announced daughter of Profes; 
between Patrick Atboll Duncan. M J. Davies, ofTk 
Royal Horse Artillery, younger Surrey, 
son of the late Major Atholi Mr . n 
Duncan, MC and the Hon Mrs iStnlvXrS 

Mr TJX. Keyweod 
and Mbs Mbs JX Davies 
The engagement b announced 
between Timothy, only son of 
Mr and Mrs E.K. Keywood, of 
Esher. Surrey, and Joanna, only 
daughter of Professor and Mrs 
M J. Davies, of Thames Ditton, 

MrS. Overton a 

sad Mbs PX Beyden 

The engagement is announced 

Memorial service 



een Stephen. 

CotoadJJL AIM 

Mr and Mrs D.T. Overton, of 
Stockport. Cheshire, and Penel- 
ope, younger daughter of Mr 

eldest son of 1 The Lord Lieutenant of Greater 

London was represented by 
General Sir Hugh Beach. Chief 
Royal Engineer, at a memorial 
‘ s for Col ’ 

Her Majesty's Lord-Lieutenant 
for Dyled (Mr David Lewis). 

The Princess Anne, Mis Mark 
Phillips. President of the British 
Knitting and Clothing Export 
Council. later visited Corgi Ho- 
siery Ltd. Ammanford, Dyfed. 

Duncan, of Mariand House, 28 
Soane Street, London, and 
Margrii Victoria, daughter of 
Mr and Mis Franz Frefel, of 
Rookwood.' near Lavenham, 
Suffolk, and 1001 May Tower, 7 
May Rood. Hong Kong. 
MrTJL Barfing 
and Mbs LJuKcOy 
The engagement b announced 
between Timothy, only son of 
Mr and Mrs Kenneth Raymond 
Barling, of Broadway, 
Worcestershire, and Lesley 
Anne, only daughter of Mr and 

and Mbs VM. Gould 
The engagement b announced 
between Adrian, son of Mr 
Leonard Lickorisb and the late 
Mrs Maris Lickorisb, of 
Higbgate, London, and Vivien, 
daughter of Mr and Mis John 
Goukl, of Wirswall Hall 
Whitchurch. Shropshire. 

Mr XP.Mslnick 
and Mbs LA. Caaokfc 
The engagement is announced 
between John, son of Mr and 
Mrs Reginald Malnick. of Il- 
ford, Essex, and Lesley, daugh- 

Mrs Robert Quayle Kelly, of UJ of Mr and Mrs Ivor Counick, 


TODAY: Sir Godfrey Agnew. 
73: Mr D.K. Baxandatl, 81: Miss 
Maria Bueno. 47: the Hon Sir 
Adam Butler. MP. 55; Mr 
Bobby Chariton. 49; Admiral 1 
Sir William Davis. 85: Sir 1 
Michael Edwardes. 56: Sir Don- 
ald Gibson. 78; the Earl of 
Harrowby. 94: Mr Geoffrey ! 
Haslam. 72; Mr Charles Jones, j 
52; Vice-Admiral Sir lan 
McIntosh. 67; Mr Alan Pascoe. 
39; Major-General F.J.C. 
Piggoit, 76; Mr James Prior, 
MP. 59; Dame Diana Reader 
Harris. 74: Mr David RendalL 
38; Professor SJ5. Segal, 67; Mr 
Thomas Wheare, 42. 
TOMORROW: Professor F.F. i 
Bruce. 76: Mr Jaroslav Drobny. 
65: Mr Robert Heron. 59; Mr 
Alan Lamboll. 63; Mr Kenneth 
Loveland. 71; Mr Magnus 
Magnusson. 57; Vice-Admiral i 
Sir John Parker, 71; Mr Luciano 
Pavarotti. 51; Miss Angela 
Rippon. 42: Sir Archibald Ross, 
75: Mr Leonard Saincr. 77; Lord 
Soamcs. CH. 66; Mr Michael 
Vcrey. 74, 

Unlehampton. Sussex. 

Mr J. d'Escrivan-Rinctu 
and Mbs C.EJ. Butt 
The engagement is announced 
between Julio, eldest son of Dr 
and Mrs Julio {TEsaivan-Gue- 
vara. of Caracas, Venezuela, and 
Charlotte, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Anthony ButL of Baldock. 
Mr T.M. Hooper 
and Dr C Milne 

of Roebampton, London, 

Mr P.R. McGrath 
and Mbs M^_ Knight 
The en ga g e ment is announced 
between Patrick Ronait, second 
son of Mr and Mrs LP.D. 
McGrath, of Turners Hill. Sus- 
sex. and Margaret Ann, elder 
daughter of Mr and Mrs JJL 
Knight, of Mtddlesiown, West 

The engagement is announced Yorkshire. 

between Timothy, youngest son Mr J J. Moczarski 

of Mr and Mrs M.F. Hooper, of and Mbs Haig 

Lee Common; Buckingham- The engagement is announced 

shire, and Catherine, youngo- between Jeremy, son of Mr and 
daughter of Mr and Mrs A.W. Mrs s.Z. Moczarski. of 

Milne. of Amersham. Imping ton. < 
Mr KX. Jordan and Rona. dan 

and Mbs MS. Pearce Mrs DA. Hi 

The engagement is announced Buckingham shi 
between Kevin, son of Mr and M ri) 

Mre E.D. Jordan, of Chelms- ^ mLYjT 
ford, and Sian, daughter of Mr 
and MrsD.H. Pearce, of Bristol. 

Mr R. King Rev Maurice a 

and Mrs P.G. Chavasse of 5 Bucklam 

The engagement is announced Kingswood. Ts 
between Bob Kjng and Pauline and Joanna, da 
Chavasse. widow of Graham Mrs Stephen 
Chavasse. both of TettenbaU. Stone Lodgi 
Wolverhampton. Attleborough. I 

Impington. Cambridgeshire, 
and Rona. daughter of Mr and 

and Rona. daughter of Mr and 
Mrs DA- Haig. 1 of Dinton. 

Mr C.B. Riddell 
and Mbs JJL Bnmwgbes 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, son of the 
Rev Maurice and Mrs Riddell, 

Marlow, Buckinghamshire. 

Mr G-M. Parker 
and Mbs MX. Barton 
The engagement is announced 
between Mackworth, elder son 
of the late Captain Gerrard 
Parker and Mrs David Robots, 
of Slade, Timberscombe, 
Somerset, and Michaeia. elder 
daughter of Mr and Mrs John 
Burton, of Hockley. Essex. 
MrTJM. Roberts 
and Mbs AJL Shamons 
The engagement is announced 
between Tony, son of Mr and 
Mrs D.G. Roberts, ' of 
Brockham. Surrey, and Anne 
Helen, younger daughter of Mrs 
D. Simmons, of Btetchingley. 
Surcrey, and the late Mr DJL 

Mr J.CiW. Underbill 
and Mbs S.V. Craaefidd 
The engagement 'is announced 
between John, son of Mr H.R.* 
Underhill of Binderton, West 
Sussex, and the late Mrs 
UnderiiilL and Sharon, younger 
daughter of Captain and Mrs 
P.G. Cranefieki. of Funiington. 
Mr PJM.G. VoDer 

and Miss SX. Charts* 

The engagement is announced 
between Paul son of Mr and 
MrsT. Voller, of Sutton. Surrey, 
and Susan, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs T.H. Churton. of Weston 
Super Mare, Avon. 

Captain Crawford Ruther- 
ford, CBE, DSO, who died on 
October 7, at the age of 80, was 
a naval gunner who planned 
the seizure of French warships 

breeches were open and ready 
for loading. Meanwhile, 
boarding parties of armed 
naval ratings and marines, 
with bayonets fixed, swarmed 

Mrs M.D. Boyden, of j service for Colonel Jonathan I at Plymouth, after the fall of aboard both French ships. 

Alford held at St Martin-in-tbo- 
Fietds on Thursday. Canon 
Geoffrey Brown officiated. The 
Rev Richard Harries. Dean of 

King's College London, and Sir 
Michael Paliiser read the les- 
sons. Major-General Jeremy 
Rougier, Engjneer-in-Chiel also 
representing the Corps of the 
Royal Engineers, and Dr Robert 
O'NeilL Director of the Inter- 
national Institute for Strategic 
Studies, gave addresses. The 
Secretary of State for Foreign 
and Commonwealth Affairs was 
repres en ted by Mr A. D. S. 
Goodall the Ambassador of the 
Federal Republic of Germany 
by Mr Daglof Gerhardt and the 
Danish Ambassador by Mr Per 
Poulsen-Hansen. Others present 


Mr F. Staslak 
and Mbs LE. Knights 
The marriage took (dace on 
September 27, 1986, in Ports- 
mouth CathodraJ of Mr Francis 

of 5 Buckland Road, Lower Susak, son of Dr and Mrs 
Kingswood- Tad worth. Surrey. Joseph Stasiak, of IVtcrsfidd. 

and Joanna, daudi ter of Mr and 
Mrs Stephen Burroughes. of 
Stone Lodge, Rocklands. 
Atdeborough. Norfolk. 

Hampshire, and Miss Isabel 
Elizabeth Knights, daughter of 
Mr Nod John Knights and Mrs 
Celia Knights. ofCrowborougb. 



Service dinners 

Royal Naval Medical Cli* 

Lord Trefgame. Minister of 
State for Defence Procurement, 
was the principal guest at the - 
annual dinner of the Royal 1 
Naval Medical Club held at the 
Royal Naval College, Green- 
wich. last night. Surgeon Rear- 
Admiral G.J. Milton- 
Thompson. Medical Director 
General (Naval) presided. ^ 

I Minerva Society 
I Air Commodore D.G. Haning- 
' ton. Chairman of the Minerva 
I Society, presided at the annual 
; dinner betd at RAF Henlow last 
1 nighL Mr J.P. Utterson was the 
| guest of honour and Air Com- 
modore B.R.L. Easton, presi- 
dent. also spoke. Air Marshals 
Sir William Richardson, Sir 
Alec Morris and Sir Eric Dunn 
were among those present. 


Faculty of Advocates 
On the occasion of the Faculty 
of Advocates' biennial dinner, a 
reception was given by the Lord 
Advocate. Lord Cameron of 
Loch broom, QG and the Solic- 
itor-General Mr Peter Fraser. 
QC. MP. in the Great Hall at 

France in 1940. In this sensi- 
tive operation his imaginative 
tactics proved highly success- 
ful and - in marked contrast 
to the tragic events at Oran - 
enabled two valuable ships to 
be turned over, almost with- 
out bloodshed, to the Free 
French navy, when that came 
into being. 

From 1955 to 1956 he was 
commanding officer of HMS 
Excellent , the central naval 
gunnery school at Whale Is- 
land. Portsmouth. 

William Francis Henry 
Crawford Rutherford was 
born in 1906. the son of an 
army officer. He went to 
Osborne at 14 and passed 
through there and Dartmouth. 
He specialized in gunnery, 
taking the long 'G* course at 
Whale Island. At the outbreak 
of the Second World War he 
was gunnery officer of the 
battleship Revenge ; then pan 
of the North Atlantic escort 
force, based in Nova Sootia. 

Revenge was in Plymouth in 
June, 1940, when news of the 
French armistice with Germa- 
ny came through, and the 
British government resolved 
to lav its hands on ail French 
warships in British ports, to 
prevent them falling into ene- 
my hands. 

- A fluent French speaker, as 
well as being Revenge’s board- 
ing officer, Rutherford orga- 
nized the disarming of the two 
powerful French naval units 
then at Plymouth: the battle- 
ship Paris, and the 8-incb gun 
submarine Surcouf. then the 
largest in the world. 

To minimise the risk of 
bloodshed, or of the vessels 
being scuttled, Rutherford de- 
rided on the maximum show 
of force, so that French pride 
might be satisfied that resis- 
tance was utterly futile. 

At first light, therefore. 
Revenges forward 15-inch 
guns were trained on Paris at 
pointblank range, the sharp 
hiss of compressed air an- 
-nouncing to all that the 

Rutherford had seen to it 
that each boarder was provid- 
ed with a slip of paper from 
which he could read out 
instructions in French to foe 
crews, to turn out of their 
hammocks and assemble on 
the jetty. With great wisdom, 
realising foal foe French pro- 
nunciation of the average 
Briton might give rise to more 
confusion than it was meant 
to dispel, he had also devised a 
form of phonetics in which an 
intelligible, if not elegant, 
version of the accent could be 

In the battleship, the sur- 
prise was almost complete. 
The French admiral still at a 
disadvantage in his dressing 
gown, was persuaded to sur- 
render, despite bis threats to 
blow up his ship. In any case, 
it was too late for that The 
boarding parties had already 
secured main gangways, lad- 
ders and hatches. The only 
casualties occurred when a 
French petty officer produced 
a pistol and shot one of the 
barracks guards on the jetty. 
He was instantly bayouened. 

ment of Cherbourg harbour, 
in October 1940, which, as 
gunnery officer, Rutherford, 
directed. The damage th^t 
caused was doubtless among 
the factors which persuaded--^ 
Hitler to abandon Operation 
Sea Lion. - - : 

Early in 1941 Rutherford • 
joined the battleship King 
George V as assistant fleet ' 
gunnery officer, and took part : 
in the raid on the Lofoten 
Islands as well as being : 
present when KGV and Roo- 
ney administered the coup de . 
grace to Bismarck. Hi subse- 
quently served in the heavy 
cruiser Suffolk in the Far East, - 
commanding her in the final 
stages of the war. 

After a staff post with the 
UK High Commission in 
Australia, and a spell as 
deputy director of plans at the 
Admiralty, he was back on 
active service. In 1952 he took 
command of the light cruiser 
Newcastle, and sailed her to 
the Korean War to relieve her 
sister ship Belfast. 

There he commanded a 
force of fifteen vessels block- ; 
acting Korea's west coast In 
difficult operations among its ; 
chains of islands, which called 
for frequent bombardments 
from Newcastle’s 6-inch guns. 

In thewirfomof ^ “ 

Rutherford's policy of force and awarded Ihe 

was underlined when some of 
the British submarine officers 
of the boarding party attempt- 
ed to reason with French 
counterparts whom they 
knew, and liked, as comrades- 
in-arms. Some of these, how- 
ever, resisted. Shots were 
fired, and two British officers 
were wounded. 

Another area .of resistance 
was Surcouf s galley, where the 
chefs, preparing dejeuner, 
showed a marked reluctance 
to discontinue their task. 
While a party of French 
officers retreated to foe ward- 
room where they intimated 
their intention of drinking foe 
wine rather than have it 
sullied by contact with the 
uncultivated palate of perfide 

Later operations in Revenge 
included the night borabard- 

. DSO. 

Following his term as CO at ; : 
Whale Island he retired from • 
the Navy and joined the' •' 
missile division of A. V. Roe, * 
later Hawker Siddeiey Dy- . . . . 
namics. where he worked as a - . 
member of the team develop- ' 
ing the stand-off bomb, Blue - *• 
Steel. He was a management 
consultant for many years-- i 
after his retiremenL . _• f 

Unlike many gunnery offfi- - , 
cers - by nature a breed both 
seen and heard - Rutherford '-•» 
was quiet and efficient, rather ' 
than a fire-eater. He remained -.V/ 
modest about his achieve*-,, f- 
ments, and it was difficult to v 
prise from him any account of ' , ; 
the services he had rendered. * _r 

He leaves-a widow, Anne, a ' , 
daughter and a son (a founds, ; 
ing member of the pop group, . . ‘ 




Mr Dezsd Orb&n, OBE, a He founded the Atelier art L 

Edinburgh Castle yesterday eve- 
ning. Representatives or ihe 
Bars and law societies ,of the 
EEC, other European countries, 
and of European and inter- 
national legal organizations 
were among those present. 

founding member in 1909 of school in Budapest in 1931. 
N)>oicak (the Eight), the first and re-established it as the 

Old oak furniture sale 
reveals a few pitfalls 

Hungarian group of modem 
painters, and a prominent 
figure in Australian art since 
his emigration there in 1939. 
died on October 5. He was 
101 . 

He was bom on November 
26. 1884. and educated in 
Budapest and Paris, where be 
was influenced by Cezanne 
and Matisse. 

Orban Art School in Sydney in 
1943. J 

Layman’s Guide 10 Creative 
An, Understanding Art. and 
What Is Art All About ?. He 
was appointed OBE for bis 
services to Australian culture. \ 
A selection of his early - 
works was shown in the 
Hayward Gallery in 1980; 
later that year he had his first 
British retrospective in New. 
South Wales House, when the;. 
London public was given a 
chance to meet this spriiely,.''' 
animated old man of 95. 

Orban frequently changed 
his style, but the underlying 
«ruciure remained foe same: 
forms derived from the man- 
made environment which 
gave the overall impression of 
abstract art. 

Among his books were A 


M Length Mink Coats 
Sffll PM Mm 


prion by aocbdmiKk amgat! 

Hbs Snaky «oa asm* is nodi ttStH m the BRP of their 
boon fan fa dMfagdnct. FVh Jackets begin at 
P« tot^Tfajt'aapWMd biffing eqadty-n w ri wB a u 

yoa find better qu&T fare K k^er poras - thx't a promae? 

UiiBIfawauwlifclfcni— faMewtoggMt BaiHd taa 
g nmfl rc«mh w<rfte»-tharemliwr»By j m dra da otfcycfe 
sQfa wajbUcin d shea and yon ire nkometo uy on a 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 

mu) uyoQwah. 



















• PRICE . 

DAVINA HOUSE, 137-148 G0SWELLRD. LONDON EC1 ope.\ 9ajl«,5jopji 


UYBILAAYE vateefundable cabussp ebsonal 


iriorauiuoD M.l'l 

| The sale of oak furniture from 
the collection at Cold Overton 
Hall in Leicestershire proved a 
, struggle at Sotheby's yesterday 
1 though there were a few high 

The collection was formed by 
Kenneth Binns with the aid of 
I His friend William Stokes, a 
: leading dealer in the field, but 
the selection a< Sotheby's was 
generally of poor quality. The 
sale made £264,352 with 19 per 
cent left unsold. 

Mr Stokes and other dealers 
had expressed worries about the 
authenticity of some pieces and 
Sotheby's had withdrawn a 
number of debatable lou while 
announcing alienations to oth- 

Early oak furniture is notori- 
ous for its pitfalls. Some was so 
skilfully faked and altered in the 
nineteenth century that even the 
best experts are baffled. 

The top price was £10.120 
(estimate £7.000 to £10.000) for 
a harlequin set of 1 2 Derbyshire 
oak dining chairs of about'1630. 

They were bought by an 
unnamed private collector who 
made extensive purchases, 
including a fine Charles I 
Gloucestershire panel-back 
armchair of about 1640 at 

£6.380 (estimate £3,000 to 
£5.000) and a seventeen tb-cen- \ 
tury Scottish panel-back arm- 
chair at £4.400 (£3.000 to! 

Among the more unusual 
items was a walnut bureau chest 
of about 1685. selling for £8.580 
(estimate £5,000 to £8.000). 

Sales of second division Im- 
pressionist and modern paint- 
ings in New York have proved 
remarkably successful over the 
past few days. Sotheby's 
Wednesday sale was only 8 per 
cent unsold while on Thursday 
Christie's made a total of 
£1.224323 wiih only 2 percent 

Most of the top lots in 
Christie's sale went to European 
and Japanese buyers. There was 
a Henri. Martin view of "Le Port 
de Marseilles" at $79,200 (es- 
timate S25.000 to $30.000) -or 

The weakness of sterling was 
nou however, enough to stir 
exceptional interest in Christie's 
sale of traditional. Continental 
figurative works, totalling 
£547.239. with 14 per cent 
unsold. Steffhno Bruzzi’s “The 
Shepherdess" made the top 
price at £27.500 (estimate 
£3.000 to £5.0001 

Science report 

Catalogue of industrial mistakes 

By Keith TO&dley 

An international doonnratch bo- 
rean to monitor acridarts involv- 
*ng hazardous chemicals has 
been set op in Britain by the 
United Kingdom Health and 
Safety Executive. 

The Major Hazard Incident 
Data Service (MfflDAS) gath- 
ers detaBs of events which have 
pot tbe poblic ar risk. The centre 
Is interested ib ail neideats. 
front Mg disasters such as tbe 

coasallL Already details of over 
HIOOO accidents are listed, 
mainly involving western coun- 
tries, but every effort is being 
made to add information from 
mnl world countries where 
incidents often go unrepoitcd. 

.The centre's files are already 
helping to identify potential 
dangers and to develop moth 
more realistic estimates of risk. 
Safer designs for industrial 

front big disasters such as the Safer designs for industrial 
Mexico City liquid gas explo- ■ plant or safer teefaniqaes for 
sion. tbe Bhopal chemical leak handling toxic chemicals can 
and the Ffixbbrough explosion Only come from studying those 

down to relatively mow spills 
from lorries or tankers chat 
might have affected just a 
handful of people. 

Tbe centre was proposed at a 
meeting of the International 
Labour Organization held a year 
ago in Geneva and is based at 
the Safety and Reliability Direc- 
torate of the UK Atomic Energy 
Authority in Warrington. 

In essence, tbe group provides 
an extensive databank beU in 
computer files tint anyone can 

occasions In the past when 
safety was fond wanting. 

Tbe chemical industry is one 
of the safest forms of production 
invented: for safer, for example, 
than farming. Incidents are so 
rare that real dangers only 
emerge when information from 
many countries is pooled. Ul- 
timately. that should make in- 
stallations and transport safer 
and provide better proiectkm for 
the public. 

Ail . MHIDAS records are 
available for a fee and over one 

hundred companies and 
organizations have already 
Shown interest. Foreign safety 
organizations, however, may 
free access as. long as they 
sbmre their own safety records 
with the centre. Fees are nei>' 
cmnry since the centre most be 

setf-sep porting. 

The rentre can respond 
qnfetty m emergencies, es- 
pecially if a company fa actually 
m tbe middle of dealing with an 
acodeaL Requests made re- 
cently have included a list of 
rofaJ tanka- accidents involving 
leakage of chlorine wv*. blast 
and flash effects in petroleum 
KBs explosions, and details of 
teak* reported in natural 

- One e®friting area oT interest 
h the different tedraiqaes and 
lerels of safety appifed by 
different countries to dealing 
•nth the same problem. Jt is 
enlighten ing to check the ac- 
rates in each country amf- 
instructive to find oat who got it 
right in each case. 



' * 

‘Jim,. J iii, 

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»tii .1. 1 11 IM 


tlr an ‘ 

£* K. 

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y^ . 

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^SSS m S^SF ‘ — . «« 


e p^rjS-^ 


w«S"3? ^ u,Hrt ™ 

M I mar |rL,„ a son. 

Al «*«nidp r «olU-a brother for 

"*35 p UU ,& 86- u> 

^-'bourrtr 7Ul - •» 

h Wion . ™ PMer - a »n. william 

‘SS'i hSIhi?^??' 9,h - « SL 


Urnnwj.^ RoWb - a *»■ 
901 ,906 - 1® 

J SaS s=, « a! «^ 

^VS^Hrnibpy, to JuUe 

-V. ^’S^Conraa.a 
‘^rsicw,™ for bob* au 

S ^l C n^L.? n 81 h ° ctob * r 1986. to 

-.f. Christopher. a 
Lin , ^ w, Uidm. a brother Tor 

STReatf^klo On ear, oaooer lo 
F'taD 4 " 11 George, a daughter. 

‘£C? M - as * stM ,or Caui - 

™« ■ Cm October, tn The 
r** toKairemnee Hunt) and Ian. 
^■y^ir r - Mary Isabella Alice, a sre- 
•Cr lor Hosanna. 

^jfm^S®* • On the 6th October 

tw-r.^ n .7. a Stmn ,l ' n * ss «*"»*- 
i7.a?rX , . Ul to ' e - r “"*rai 3pm Friday 
n„™°Z 0 ^ T M C^rtHstw Cremate 
rium so flowers. Donations to Age 
b7un prn ‘ 1 8 ^} ham «on- C/O Ha non- 

?" ,n ; *-*«»•<“ Vigo. Yaletoy. 

Camnmry. Surrey 

BOYLE On Onobcr 8th. peacefully. 
n-in m ' P i£ l U CC- JMln BdVle. tl!Z. 
[« CWsariy loved husband of 
ana dear father of Marline 
Fm EjH>ulnes l* Tapper 

b71^Si ** nKe Trt f* 00 ** <«»<» 

BRIDGES On 23rd September >986. 
p-'aiHuiiv. at Fairfield Han Nursing 
Hume Lancaster. alter a long l linns. 
nrasHv borne Joan (born Joan Har- 
,v al LilllenamoUHi. Sussex in 1906) 
b-ir.ird wife of Harotd Bridge? 

0 6 L . of -The Bothy'. Lunestde. 
H.irioN. Carnionh. Lancs. Interred 

01 i he Caiurm ot SI. John the Baptist. 

1 uuMaii 

BULLEY On Blh October. Edward 
Niamey, beloved husband of Olive. : 
Rrmurm Ma% lOa.BL 16U1 October 
St Elpheqes. Stafford Road. 
Wriiiimjton Family fioweis only. Do- 
u-liciis lo h n.l. 1. if wished. Friends 
w Hr or nr at the Church. 

CLUBS On 2nd October, pexefolly. 
at h.-r Son's home In Oxford. Mar*>- 
iv Meredyth Qubb. aged 85 years, 
filmed wife of the late WHHam 
Lwart Meredyih Oubb..A loving 
Mol ner. Grandmother and .Great 
■'■randmothcr. Funeral Service has 
••■‘■’n place, at SunningwelL Oxen. 

DUVEY On 9th October IS861 peace- 
"iilv m Oxford. Wrtbain ^Uec Dyer. 
I'Hii-v. nearly' loved husband of 
riuroUiK and devoted father 'of Ste- 
I>nei« Laic Sudan Ovll Service. 
h* t\irc Oxford CremMortum Tues- 
iu» Ulh October ai 2.30 pm. FatnOy 
iimsrrs only Donauons If desired to 
hrinsh Rtd Cross. 9 Grosvenor Cres- 
ceni. London. SW1. 

CREATREX On 9th October, peace- 
Hilly, ai Zachary Merton HosphaL 
Kuslumlon. Stanley James, aged 75. 
Lvar husband ot Peggy and father of 
Amanaa. Chnsuna and Robin. 
Graiidialher of Roste. Lara and AI- 
ice runeral Service. 1 5th October, 
worthing Crrmalonum 4 pm. 

METAXAK On 9th October 1986. Ml- 
■ ih-Ii- of Huntingdon Road. 
Cambridge, passed peacefully lo rest 
•nil* a long illness, courageously 
iniHihi. aged 12 years. Funeral Ser- 
ver ai Si Luke's Church. Victoria 
Rii Cambridge, on Tuesday laui Oo 
loner ai 2 30 pm. Family flowers 
only, mil donations lo the Pediatric 
(inroKxu Fund. Addenbrookes Hos- 
piiai. Cambridge would he 




(Haydn). O conje 

" iji 

Ortober 8th. peoceftnty 
^ k,pof o* FureecrofL. 
”*9^ Street in her QM <mr n*. 

SSs^EL 01 

efiSS? a- Owrtan-s 

Cnurch. Oarence. Gale CkftM. 
a^soSU^Zi. 0 " ° cUbtr >sm at 

7 n -y Rowewi pie w but itmunm 
•ttuvrtu lo The sTamrtvn 

JH m> ££25 r ABPca, Enotdrws in 

“ ”■ fenyoa 12 ChlUern Street 
lowl « n Wl. TM. OJ 935 3788. 

October 6oi. suddenly, 
btatoad of Moaica. fa- 
HJ"? '■‘Toiiica and Rosemary. dear 
Mumgef. Veronica. 
R^bb^PTHhp and Ibchard. Funeral 
q 5 Church. London RodL - 

0n 9hion < October idtb. 1 fn. 

Dr. Harriet (Don!'). See ware. 

B^VIU. - On October 8DL ai Trebske 
H«PdaL Truro. Pamela Mary 
Wwll. Bckned wtfo of Michaels lav- 
mg mother of Nicola and Barnabas 
runeral Scracr ai Holy Trinity 
NhtntL St. AustcIL Monday October 
J3 , l» at 11.00 am. Flowers lo 
Polgray. Palace Road, sl ausuu. 
Ponabom if desired lo A&JLAJL. 
Tavsjork House North. Tavistock 
Swore. London WCl H9MJ. . . 

SALE On 7lh October, suddenly. CP- 
beri Buchanan, son of Cdbort Nod 
and the lair Rbooa. lutsbaod to Su- 1 
and father to Ahson. 
SleMwur. Eleanor and CdUn and-a 
much loved grandfather, worked for 
Air Canad a lor 56 years. Funeral at 
Easthampsload Park, Wokingham. 
Berks, on the I5tb of October ai 
12 30 . au eng nines lo H Phillips. 
530 Watford Way. MUI HUL Tel- 01 

THOMSON - On October 9th 1986. 
peacefully, after a short Utoess. to Ihe 
Royal Mandm HosphaL Fuaum. 
Helen Kaihertne. (K.) of 86. Addison 
Road. wi4 widow of Professor 
Mark Thomson of Liverpool Lntver- 
vuy and Lniverwy College. London. 
dauWiier of the Ule John Gashm 
Lealbem. Sc D . of SI John's GoUeor. 
Cambndgr. much loved by famUy 
and friends. Funeral Service in the 
Chapct of the Kmsal Crven Cone 
irry at 2.15 pm on Friday October 
17th. Flowers loPW BaHand and 
Son Ud. 308. Old Brampton Road. 
SW5. Tel: Ol 370 6271. 

TOWRSEHO ■ On October 8th 1986. 
peacefully, m Duotm. Edward Rich- 
ard. LmRenam Commander RJV of 
North Avenue. Mount Mcrmn. 
Dearly loved, and loving husband of 
Ins. betewed father Ol Dooiue and 
Richard, and grandfather of Philip 
and Chartoue. 

WARE - On 10th October - Harriet 
‘Dor*), nee Platt, pcarefuify. at King 
Edward vh HosottaL Midhorsi much 
loved wrfc of Sir Henry Ware K CA 
mother of Charles. James and Marlin 
and grandmother of Harry. Tommy. 
Marcus. Selena. Gregory and 

WINTER - On October 8th 1986. 
peacefully. Nan. widow of Fred, be- 
loved mother of SheBa. PaL Fred and 
John. Funeral Sen ice private. Fam- 
ily Itowera only please, donations If 
desired to Newmarket WHVS for the 
meals on wheels service. 

YORKE - On October 8th 1986. peace- 
fully at nome. after a long Ulnae. 
Thomas Baker, loving and beloved 
husband of Elizabeth and dearly 
toil'd father of MHes. Tim. Patrick 
and Catherine Grandfather of Nat- 
alie. Piers. Liam. Nicola. Caroline. 
Nicholas and Christopher. Requiem 
Mass on Monday 13th October at 
12.00 noon ai SL John The Baptist 
Church. Dale Road. Parley. Surrey - 
AU friends welcome. Cremation, pri- 
vate. Family flowers only. Donations 
if desired to Cancer Research. 


LOCHHEAD - hi proud and happy 
memory of Gavin. Captain RJLF_ 
killed In Belize, lllh October 1981. 
his family 


today , 

BA**MAft, John Gerry (Jcnathooi arttsL 
Hero Wh Jutv 1918 IsOnfeu. London. 
JW SCO October i«M m Vancouver 
SC- Cud s after a Ians kmwa Moat 
noHv born. Huuane or Jutiei une 
Awrayj tamer sS CaroUnr Free, dawn- . 
Hr or nu Ur* nenao* to Hmr uH 
wou wiKMned in Canada m 1S76. ana 
Cizntfunwrer Carey and Mum Free 
Deariy neioved of ns wi 
MALCOLM MMSMT (uw Fund for 
Chneirti kmd van lor Xn*n card u» 
rtmrf b On^n pMv oi b. 8£p £1 KL 
OalrniM. Oun. lo 14 AUBOdon Road. 

- w OAF. Pervooai Shown* Mto-Tri 

| Support non animal rrerwrrti. S A.L 
On Mnw Cam Qutooue Oasi For a 
T m For Canrer. woodoury. Hanow 
Road Itovrfoa Cnm CM14 
SMF 1077070 Ob.xxi 

CAJWCCneo. Mono tana and onafc- 
ma wmr whir your ryes Ml «mn 
wim mm mhu year h vmne I love ; 

von Amc m lo 

1 Sim out Hinuosl Au < Reg Charily 1 
Non rftipnn Inona book Q ton 
BHA 13 Prune of WMM T*tr . W8. 




Merakaion ' i rtv rt pile nrpftmg. 14 
pum raiourx Bum m imaenay is - 
«•>*> Iramwrl. 7 year wiar anaraa 
iwtor Kannceorriie C4 7SpefMiyd 
Corttopiasi rork ion. Natural. 775 x 
77SONV 8M prve any-wbree CB 95 
prr M rii PrrtOn goods 
Pliu Ihe lararel lekrtmi ot Main car- 
prtina m London, au pnrm mciiwve 
of vat 

!48 waamnorm Brtdge Rd 
Pbikhpi Green SW6 

TehOI -73 1-3368/9 

free EsUmcilre-Liipert riding 

Ham Lw dm. La* Mn ah tneaire , 
Tf1 821 ob!6/8»CM45. I 
Atv / Im/ Omm. 


»*W«*M Soanruv allrarmr 4 
WWOont Houy. Ldtur retro- 
bon. fufli tilled tiu-twn A 
dteing mom. ot To m inn 
Navrmow CouMm b* prr. 
WIN or rmahi mi US lo I 
woteBmitoi sharers csso gw 
Tel 111 730 1130 

CLAMMM mm win niiwlng a nnaroam 
House i-HW lereguoa. fully imrd 
krtrtirn A dean loom. 04 To u* front 
MstnHbrt company kc incfmrd. o 
inwhi sud up to 4 prolevMHW vfuiMw 
5259 pw Trt 01 720 1130 




MiMM JoKum. Ouro Didst Man 
■wlNwwiur.KLDltM B ngkoh. 
Itouuhow. bviiaev. Cumae. A Tbc 

Flamingo TnvcL 

7bhlLdlnitA AIMUC 
LoodonWIV TOG 

0M39 0102/01-439 77S I 
Open Saturday 10.00-13.00 

w nc uvin g on iwu/mh to tu 
rope, l ha 4 mou dMuMas 
DtotenM liavri. 01 730 2201 ABTA 

LMCMrantat SA MMor Travel 
01 4H6 9337 IATA. 


•28 $ Manual I960 W Rep 43.006 murs. 

vhn.luHwr new lyrev. in vrev won 
randilHM IlHOiilMul FSN Cl 8.700 
Trt >04931 008341 miurp imra 


Tiavriwivr. AHa AU 

Ol 441 1111 


day Goraon. 
dam. yott ca 

max ana omit give a 
n rtL drtok A be raeiVy a* 
OTP a p— . Eddie. Kan: 


PAY Mrs AC Pay (Joey 1. would Hkeio 
express her flnew uunks to «U refa- 
bves. friends and ' neighbours (or 
a>i-Ba9« of sympathy and beautiful 
floral tributes received drama the re- 
cent sad tott of her husband Albert 
Thomas. A special thanks to aH who 
aitendend the Funeral Service, thetr 
presence was of great comfo rt 
Please arenM Dm notice as the only 



the team with the best 
experience World-wide 
TEL- 0227 462618 

MELCCT F8KMOS. CUhalir Mrodur- 
Inm for Hie unaUKhra. 58 MMVhn 
Street. London wj. Tetepbcmr 01-493 

FMCNDSHU’, Lot e or MarrUoe ABoon. 
areas Dadrttne. DrpnOI6i23 Aboieuon 
Road. London WS Tel 01 938 toil 

WREHH LONDON real a TV or video by 
day. wk or mown. TOPS TV Ol 730 

PWHK1WC PROaLClH - lort II out now 
before. Ihe frsticr wason at 57 bed 
spenabsed ourung borne for addictive 
disease set tn area of ouBUmbng natu- 
ral beauty. Stalled by mines, 
counsellors. onriiologliL phi-oMheva- 
pnt and reudem medical ofticer For 
IHiramea provarnui contaci die direr - 
lor. Ckuals House. Cast KnoyUr. writs 
SP3 WE or letepnone 074783 OOG. 

nun ntBOfus. Cvrtunvr mrrodur- 
lums for use unallartied. 58 Maddox 
Street. London wi Telephone OJ -T93 

day evenings lb Rury bprtiinB 
raimng knrnrm. For run drums : 
TrtoMne LuTUxU Marsh oa 627 3800 
(MOn-Frll 1 

WANTED Edwardian. Vinonan an g ill 
aamled lurmlure Mr Asmon ot 947 
fi9«6 007-569 Curril Lane. CarhlieW. 
S W17 

WANTED Japanese Sworas. Dawn etc. 
CoHertor pays good pnres Tef. CB27- i 

X&5500 I 



PIANO. Kmnnurf fin Grand Good 
rtMdiliOfi Cl. 250 quo TM 01- 

tu7 3597 

WWKQJUNNCraidPuaa t-Sr> Vera 
good rondilum Cl .780 ono. Trt Ol 
996 0306 

over 1 rear (APR Osi low inirrnl 
rah-. over 2 years i APR 9 s 3 vrare 
itPR !22Aii Wnnrn nuouiions Free 
OiMOtur 3d> HOwir Roan. NWS. . 
Ol 0o7 7071 

2 BCAUT1FVL H et hM rtn Grands. muN- | 
riam inUrulumi. good price lor oiuch 
sale £80 4081 177 . 

HUPPELD. Beautdul lilt grand Mou- I 
rum onsirieomt. £2.800 ono Trt Ol I 
209 1806 or 0203 7 1 3075. 


>ABL£ 'i Length dark died bekrt Su 

tartm uywi Sue 17/14 EAOOOdoo 
T rt. Ol 828 8Z74 lansm/ei iNuavei 




HARVEY - Edgar Thomas. CJBJ5L. so. 
'suddenly turd on lllh October 1979. 

. Always our tore, our waUtude. and 
our thoughts. Helen and Jeremy. 

•CRM • October lllh 1962. Eric God- 
frey. Remembered always with wvai 
affection. Enca and Barbara. 

E« ■ Bh + 15% ver 

(m mi mum 3 lines) 
Aimoancemenu. antbcntkaicd by 
the name and permanent addles 
of the sendee, may be sent ux 

. PO BOX 484 
Vir^jiia Street 
Londoa El 9XS | 
or idephon&l (by telephone sob- i 
scribers only) (sc 51-481 3824. 

828 per or up to paM tor saver ptidiv 
£260 per as tor goto. All dumona 
leweiiery bougbc Mr Hart 01 -960 8030 
or Wrne 361 Marrow Road. London. 
W9. All England covered- 
JEWELLERY. Gold. Savor. Dbnonds ur- 
gently wanted. Top once*. Winuuns. 43 
UMi Condon St WCl., 01 406 8538. 

■ESPCCTARLE Arasraban C» 1- 
Urtnao fV ra t otwr . mpore* 
rravongbtr nnred Ledorngs ar 
Boopi in unvote dwtUtog tor 
SbOrt period i2 mourn). Served 
m BnUM in World War B wti)i 
Ara tr a H an Air Farm and now 
re-uuat Prefer London or 
nearby area. Handy round a 
™w. Pmooal mnltefl would 
be ot mutual bcaeOL Reply lb 




1 12S0KI sdk and 2 12som wool 
H igh auahty. Tabriz, very 
reasonable pnee. Private lo 

Td 01-602 8004 

HWL Geotgun nouu*. ganlm. 

CH Suu rouble. I naontn Iron 
15(ti Ortonei £150 nw ♦ in 
vnv Tel 4855201. 

don from U26pw. Ring Town Hu Ants 
373 3433 


sun Town house cwnfortbMe atTPtnmo- 
dalion. o/r * I v own pnone mon-in. 
Mill exeeiaive. CEOpw. te« Ol S34742S. 

SATTCasCA/CLAPStAM prol girt Id 
Mure luxury flal. own room to Mure ad 
laCibUft Cl 70 pern TeCOI-3SO 1090 1 

SOUTH KEN WI Prof (einatevhr kte 2 bed 
totnm llal with 1 Other New lilleo kil 4 i 
bain Avail (mined £79 pw. Pleave cril 
002 9233. 

WIMBLEDON Prof lemalr lo tevar* m 
nous naL O/r Ch £«0 pw excl. Tel 
388 1IOO x 909 rwono / 879 3480 
i Home ) 

BARBICAN. Large room. CO pw inchi- 
sive. Sul bratncdsnian. Ten 01 G88 
0719 I Alter 6 pal 

PHOT m/f. N/s Fo8y <um own dM/rm 
with balcony. Sure house C320prme 
bibs Tel. Ol 736 1014 oiler 7pm. 

WANTED Vaung prof female n/s seeks 
own room C45pw apprm Dl-riAHM 
until Thursday. 


OoubOF receodon. maser kiedroom. 
to mar (Mih/ierund. Snuutr 
• douete-and angle beanjoms 2nd - 
lumraom. separate- mower. Ommg ' 
ream. fuUy iwed coamry kdrtwn. . 
potm. balcony. Oa let only' 

- £495pw. 

TdOl 671 0476 or 245 6577. 

CHBL5CA KnHpmbrMge. Brtgrarta. PHh- 
Uco. WeMmii M ter Luxury houses and 
Ibb nHaw for tang or short lets. 
Please raw tor rrarent tm. Coates, to 
Buckingham Palace Rd. SW1. 01-828 

DELIGHTFUL Hampstead village Flal 
Own enlranre. KU /diner, large bed- 
room. bathroom, hall and nauo garden, 
doom- me electricity Payphone, Tel 

01 794 5106 

HENRY • JAMES Contact oa now on 01 
235 BSD! tor the best selection of 
luratthtd flats and houses to ml tn 
Kiutousnnoge. Cum and Kensmgiaa 

BAYSWATEH w? Newly Ok. 2 bedroom 
flal Lounge laqla bed v lul & oaui. Idled 
carpets^ CH. rol TV. pnone. in muei rui 
dr sac £175 pw Tel. Ol 727 9744 . 

zansc. 1983 One owner Uwafler tm 
rn. MMMamed gy Merredn Btm 

WriTriv New trill AAfi Mid blue to UP 
'"*ent»274500 rarin Cl 3000 Tel. O! 
W • 7t& 



rom M ** tg »her Swift brtf drive or 
340 9080/7000 T 


TELEX Cram Ol 278 b06i rm a 
irtwMe Irin/Ux pm kt army/Vt 


00664S OF 1080 

ACT 1985 

NOTICE IS HEREBV Given nul a Pea 
lion wwv (Ml the 26m Juh- tom prewmed 
lo Her ALnmly's Hnh Court ol Jinlsr lor 
Ihe continuation Of (tie reournan ol Ihe 
Share Premium Arrounl ot lie rimvr 
named Company tom CUmO.OUO la 
L29. 105 000 

the ud Pennon n tumrd 10 be heard 
before Uie Honourable Mr J inure Mrrvyn 
Davies at tor Roval Gnum 01 Jiadice. 
Strand. London WC2 on Monday, tor 
20to day of Ononer 1986 
Any Creditor or Sharenotorr ot me smd 
Comum desiring 10 opdom- me malnitg of 
an Order for toe ronurnulMn ol toe sato 
reduction of Snare Premium Account 
UHiuld ennror m toe tune 01 hearing tn 
(hvmi or by Counsel tor mat prauote 
A ropy of me said Petition will be lur- 
tinned to any such person reouesilnq toe 
unv by the under- mrnlionni Sobniors 
on poymenl of me reguuied charge lor tor 

Dated Ite lllh dm- ol Ortoncr i98o 

Norton Rose Bonned 1 Roctw 
kemoion House 
Canxmlr Street 1 
London EC3A TAN 
Fc/.DBA/63/hlOti20S ! 
TrlOI 283 3434 

SollcJlors tor toe said Company 

000656 OF 1966 

ACT 1985 

don was on tor BUI September 1986 
presented to Her Mateecys hkpi Court of 
Jiedice for tor confirmation of too cancet- 
latjon ol too Share Premfum Account of 
.tor above Oomnany amounting m 

tor vaxs Petition b direesed in tto heard 
before toe Honourable Mr June* 
Mens'll Davies ai tor Royal Courts ol JUs 
lire. Strano. London ,wc 2 a 2U. on 
Monday toe 20in day <a October i486 
ANY creditor or SiurenoMer ot me said 
Company denrtag no opoosr the mak mg of . 
an Order for the confirmation ot toe said 
cwtreUMton at toe Share Premium Ac- 
count should appear at the tune 01 hearing 
in person or by Counsel for that purpose. 

A copy of toe md Petition wilt be luc 
mshed to any such person reautring toe 
- some by Uie undermentioned -Sanction on 
payment of tor regulated charge tor toe 

DATED this 11 in day of October 1986 
Herbert Snath 
Watting House 
35 Cannon Street 
London EC4M 6®D 
Tel: 01 489 81X10 
.Ref: Mr G Roberts 
Soticllors for Ihe above named Company 

ACT 1985 

UMt wbb on toe 17th September 1986 
presented to Her Maiesty's High Court of 
justice lor the ronflrmanao 
of the reduction of the rawest of the 
above-named Company from 

£30.000.000 to £3-000.000 

LAMDLOWM /OWNERS. If you have a 
ouabty property lo let Ml us about U. 
We offer a professional h rebabte- ter- 
vire/Quraran constandne Ol »t 7353 

WAB B LE Arm luxury f unmn eti 1st noor 
fill 3oeds.v large recetH-CHch wine. 
Lore CO ML £450 pw. 262 9681 

read, for ttiotamau. executives. Long A 
short leu m all areas Uplnena A Co. 
os. Albemarle Sl Wi. 01-499 5334. 

KBtSOMTON. W8. Brand new I« fir lux 
mats- 1 dm*- bed. large rer . kil/dlner I 
Itnn High SL £185 pw Ind. 938-2395. 

WR— rnnil. Opp ccm m im 2 bed lux 
ItaL Superbly lurmsned Oge. C6G0 pan 
tor 1 yr. Tei Ol G82 2226 levcsL 


CHAPEL. W »»»- 11 



. Totethcx wc can beat it. 

We fond over ate third of all 
research into the prew m ion and 
coin: of cancer m the UK. 

Hdp iu by sending a donation 
or -make a legacy he 

' Cancer 

2 Gabon House Ttereoc, 
tDejaTT/1 1/IOX London' SW1Y 5AR. 


Majw C. after years tn Bomb Disposal. 
no» sees m aotason in eray tateo 
dock. All SecvifZflien risk-mental 
breakdown in peace or war alike. Wfe 
devote oursaiuss to tta weKn of 
these men and women. We most go on 
WjMifl tham. We must ibr funds. 
Pfease sent us a Donation, a Cwmw 
or remember us wdh a Legacy. 



937 Mn The nutuner lo remember 
when WCfure tied renal properties in 
renIfM and prone London arena 
£1 50 1 CZ.OOOpw. 

CHELSEA immar lux batroni/ Rat. Hgn 
reran. dU.oedrm. lift- DoneF. Long leL 
01 622-5025 

COULSIHM WOODS. 25 mira city. Lux 4 
bed. 2 bath. 2 recs. del hse. gdn. gge. 
ITeito. Ail mod com. 0273 728349. 

OOLOOtS CKIH Lgr tux flat. Vc-' n- 3 
bed. toufibe. Jbe fctt. bath/wr. CH £226 
■ pw nrl Bute TrtOl 458 9157 

WeNBATE MS 2 lux. Sited HaH. gatagr* 
available. £100 and £150 pw 01 340 

HOLLAND W Lnujuai 3 bed fi*m mate 
wuh view, comm gdi*. £280 pw Meg 
747 3 61 1 

KDlibNION Sunny Garden fbu. in 
logue Mag. kwnge. a bore. £200pw 
Tel: 602 5941 



OVERSEAS au pair agency 07 Regent 
Slrrel London Wi Tel 439 6534. 
Ui/Oicrm . ABO m heins/aoros 
tiTtoi/per m 

CHALET GIRLS Mughl hr Ctixtef 
Monane 6 Raveasumxi Park. 
Nortowoed. Middx HAS 3PR 


LAMEAMTE 1/2 bedrm ante to 
let owo pool nr bearh. Aim 
now trt 04024 47162 

A—BBICAS CUP rremanlte 
Clv«ner Brltoh yarhl for unique 

notutoy 4 berth. Cl 000 pw 
btrl expertrnr e d iluoper 3 
crew 0246-443203 Evnunga 

Huur tWoum . Sunworld 
IS!*i«. l £? nJI 26097 
m 109/27558. 

MVIERA I km MOotr OHo 
Small modern luxury villa by 
snvSIfent. DMOtre Rutk-u 
bre 01 301 3215. 

ArttFAKE SPECIAL tsrs Sydney 
■ o/w £420 Up £ 764. Airhland 
o/w CflTQ lin C775. JotHirg 
0/w C246 rtn £485 Ln AIW- 
Ipxq/w CI 78HnCS40 London 
rboM Centre Ol 370 6332 

CHRISTMAS Sunsmni*. nwaMI 
111 m tetened noteta in Gambia. 
Ooutv Mnntte. and Eilat Call 
expert Travel 01 450 9166 or 
01 455 3096 Open balurday A 
Sunday morning. ABTA 

CMC CALL tor wsntr Ot the neti 
iteah in IIHIin. nunnmls. tin- 
irlxamrar lure Trt London Ol 
o3b 6000. ManiimM Obi 832 
3000 Air Travel Atonory 

TEMHOFE, Greek telamte. AJoar 
ip, Mmorn Vitins, apte. 

pensions, uvrndv HoUdxyn/ 
UKrirlv biprhurev imtanl 
hookuiuv. Veiilura Hobdayv 
Trt Obf 83« BOli. 


WWW SOUND. Hpgral SI. WI. 

Ol 734 5307 ADTA/Atol 

vaUDCAMOCR European Mm rttgnte. 
01 to? om-yoos j 

Vateumier oomprtntve warMwtdr 
torn Ol 723 2277. ADU Alai Mb 

AIR Twkefi Sperwlnta New York GM9 
L A £349 Toronto C279 NurauUN 
tevdurv £759 Aurkland £749 Durian 
130 jemvn Kir ref Ot 839 7|44 

IA ttUNGA OOLF CLUB 2tie<t 2 
Mh pmlhutm-. \a> annex Orto 
bn Novmuik-i Dwerebet frtOI 
271* 7013 

Me nu l any 1 lomHi Pair *011 
* mouni viewx mpi 4 From 
eye- Trt 04234 50*6 

COSTA DEL SOL Lira Del Vina 
Sleep* ft B own pom MM. 
limlMipp- loom irt nra 
r« 0903 724349 

MARDEU A Wu goH Ura vma 
41 ud nud Nov lo mm Jan ind 
vmav 4 new year lei 045387 

Ma r abou s spam Av MiaMMv 
Ikliu VMaJarh nmoMur 
luiNnn L.i Manual Bearn Bay 
Hmv 0432 270 1 Hi 

THWIFI u Puerto or la Our. 
UI be xu Ml 4 quirt wrrounamvi 
-■IIKNranvue-v Villa 3 dbt 
bntx 5 bMhrnak. Ipe tounpe dm 
mo in HkHi panten 5 pool 
050 p*. 1 Vme period CMO 

NEAR DUKAS LolrtBjrannr an 
gtofinwh Ian— tv Mlerx 0 4b* 
rvrmiau meal if rnumrad mod 
Itmr lauriun 47120 Dun 

ST TBBPCZ/Cron Vatmer Low 
•"HUM 1 Mr lor long term, new 
villa Trt 0943 601466 

HAWAII 1. A Lux villa at Aloha 
rw Pon hdeuv T/roun v/oool 
ll Cl HO pw i 04J13 j 273472 

MUAS COSTA, tdvlbr horar in m 
tm/UatoioonM poof. pabo. 
pram 061 929 2204 


Cmthned from pace 15 

NEW LONDON Drury Lane WC? 
405 0072 15C 379 6435 Eve* 7 AS 
TirA Ml 300 4 7 45 



Group Bookmoa Ol 408 1867 or 
01 9306123 HOW BOOMMO TO 

OUVMR -S* 928 2202 CC IN» 
I tonal rnetetres Open Nagel rdday 
2.00 Ilow pnee man M, 7 IB. Mon 
c m en a ct , ay whim, irrpa by 
Srt Brtmoan. TUe. Thur 7 IS. 
Wed 2 OO now pnee mau 4 TOO 
FRAVPA - A Flrel Wrid C«xrt». 

370 0433 rn coil 24Hr 7Day OC 
240 7200 Ob Satel 930 6123 



Eve* 730 Mate Thu 4 W 230 
Uriframen not annulled 
until toe interval 


Wind nun Sl. WI . OC Ol 437 
6312/8380 R teh ard OIHm rre 
ator oi venvaliunal Rorky Horro t 
Show IV bark wito Nw I te i Ai r 


-Wbd exubenmref TnrtlHng' Con- 
UuuaHw nnlug" Con M l eoioved 
ll eourmouvly~ TMne». 'Tver pent** 
F r NnihIv 9 OOpm. Adna pu on 
C7 GO * C5 OO rnLSMhUI 
9 OOmu tetori nnuin Frt A 
Sal LN par** MSJOO Mdy 

-Arhinqiy r uuiy - 5 Exp 
Ptm irora B Nav Opera 14 Nov 

734 89&I Fimi Cad 24 Hr 7 Day* 
rr Boon mg B36 3464 Crp Bate* 
930 6123 

Mon Sal & Mat Thurs 4 Sal 3.00 


SHOW" Newswerti 


PRHfCE OF. WALKS Ol 950 8681 
/2 CC HM1MT 930 0844/5/6 Ora 
Kale- 9306123 hmtOHNhi/t 
day 240 7200 imp booking feet 

Krtlh Proww 741 9999 

THkrtmauer 379 6433 


/S rr HcHInve 9300846/6/6 CTO 
tedev 950 6123 Krtto Prowne 
701 aoo«> TarViH matter 379 0433 
I VI Loll 24iu/7day 240 7200 


with tor TV SHOW STARS 
r re*— 30 Orl 

tanreTM 8 fn 4 Sal 530 & 8.40 




lAuuisdoKERS [Worn r«« worm 

nme Ol 387 9100 

CHEAP FUOHIS Worldwide tin marker 

Ol uso :,9s6 

O UCO UHT FARES Worldwide Ol 434 
0734 Jupriei Havel 

LET. ‘CLUB [lonniL fhgnti 
v-.mxii.Htt- Cam Travel Ol 
434 1091 ART A »ATA 

T1RNSIA I.a vOut hcuda> ntmetoiMBU 
Mmunri iaIJIui mu brarnure now Tu 
iwaan liuvrf Gteredb 01 373 4411 

ALL US UHLS ixwnl farm on nunor 
vrhediried lamer- 01 5A4 TSfl ABTA 

ATHENS M j iiy i faro Prinu mm 
tormt 4 Kmav avail, aha Hate Grtnu 
bv 4 Suite U US Peter Pad Ol A9I 
2709 19 71 

iflKHTMAt m toe Cananm 
Lan/arptr/rueneieniura 11 Dn 4 
week* L5W (1925 7"l36e Tutwwra 

ter hrarhuie oat Parlmn/lHi 
PMk 01 434 |9h2 24hi Kt 
lire o: 7 ra nnso uti 

LATM ABRDHCA. Lew rovi fhonu eg 
Rm 1485 Luna L49S rln Aha tienxH 
Un« Houdav Jaurnevfieg Pnu (rare 
C33TU n.V 01 7*7 MOP 

LEARN TO MOVE ui a 1 -era 
MMHUv u> w Walev av (raluml 
oil WH I.mGe.x-A rtcvoav 

tune llr-Jir nf nManH 
I Heteme (IMH fUfTte-r T 

LAKE IIUIWCT Lvwtoa vein 
nouiil.iiienDiq uutl Irtl ujiv 
ma nan. vnuN •mnluiiyue 
qiv-l Me. e—- HiaiHHr Winon 
mere vOUrtUr- V 4 .-J 

NEW knin p bulb* 
wwn.ot.m tot bur from 

M ~ - V V I law Utk 

CajiaiUnlir 061 ;ijnl»0 

LUXURY Vina vvi-ueni Vkun r 
Pout rue uerp- 6 AiteUtilr 
Ivw iniUU Di Yf wmri M«nh 
WS Mttln CMK m MM 
lllrtl UfVM ■ 

ALOARVC At rLftivariVL 

flu in— J Muev 1(1 irntal 73 
til JLmvrv til tiWI 01 «4| 


CARVOCMO Brwjuiul pmxietv 
ow Med 2/5/4 taedioorned villa- 
mr, Mnriewui Ol 65601X7 

ESTEPOMA Craw Dev tirt 
njluiivl'v lurjdiw m - mlei cv 
varamrr n CteU Mum dr lux 
afumnrnl Im 4 -ruH> 
rti uw mi m rnri limn CTOpw 
amarine dnrounl on rrvort 
pawev pmne OM 764S796 

Mavra. lav eu Vine 

TMmmA Pnencei Simply 
rhraprt Sn u b Sum' Sunptv 
sunan ttonun Ol 573 1953 

NtoRRELUK Villa Cana Brain 
vritav up - 2 10 uiuavh letuiei 
ben* UApppvt 008 5555 

CORFU Bravnt Beauliiid del 
v ilia, iu teak 2 6 p>v Ci« I 
WI £229 2 vu 4ter. Malta A 
Cvpiuv UM/H'iuv. Pmi word 
Mutate y. Ot 734 l-9«2 M«> rn 

STRAND 830 2660 CC 856 
4143/3190. 741 9999 rural Call 
24 Hi 7 Ora rr 2*0 7200 Oro 
(vain 930 6123 


■Tmral Hwtonria* rariu| ll |ira 
niuatib Id thm MM Eud~ SU 



Dn Mini 4 Chorrograoned tty 

MMbb LfiM 

Man m 7 45. MM Wed 300 
Sal 430 4 BIS 

<09891 296623. ROVAL 

•HST* WtaWn Tala Torn,, 

1 30. Rjrhard B Tomona. — — 
Tur 7 50 Praam wen 7 u. 
S wan TttiWra. W l— w a law. 

1 JO. Fate MaM Tamgm. Mv« 
Tie 7 JO. Ra— Wed 7 30 


"TM very Mil of BmatoT cvmir 
MW Daily Mau 
tee trparate rnUtra under 



*-.?f*®* fiom MS 01 084 7371 

''ZZFwTXX?' 1 ** °* 7 - a 

DNKCE. 1 r era *11 niamte ( iluriite 
vitli (11 1 la/- ell Jem Hcav ni au 
1647 Vlnl V III ■ 

RHODES 1 air- hiwikHiv haniaim lux aaxl 
mxv iron. 1-15KR.P I5.ia.22.aa urt 
lei tin ante mb IIUBUS 


lua-iNa Mat and lai taxi t. lira., 
T law. Ik- 48 Ltafttafrt SlieH. WI 01 
ttHO ?i.Y i\ u_ 4«<Wnli 

NIPPOMAM tin-, it vtir lo ( tiA cantmran 
fai l.ivlAtteliaiM I'm llil 

PMnuuub Vfn A HVTA tt rurMi-d 

in lit 57tM 

v-BwkurCH* Gmri f L Him 01 UU 
iJ>u vail 

ROME iwiui 199 r until ia 1 barn Con y 
Iff; 01 128 35JO/OI H.l 4511' 

COSTA DEL SOL *uieei P had I 1 M r>u||i 

I-'VKTX'yr '* rrTn 3 '6P pn llwl 

■ PI £■■> — • “a! a? — Sly 


*** WEST - NEW! tiraemi rtlerv nr 
MIN*. MW V nf VL 1 Alsu miH-1 
.RiiiHiinrii invt ui •««« %Liiiinu M 1'Ai 
.■sli IHI .1 IH|I| m ttiilf (NHUlirf l|l(h lllilf 

•I’t • ?IC. irtg IbU f.K2!m -Vlul 1 1115 



WCTQMA PALACE 01-834 *317 


Ives 7 JO Mate Wed 4 Sal 245 
«kn OfiKe open dady Vaietom 
BooLmu ateo nvariable al HO 
CALL vpnnN 24nr 7 day CTrtM 
raid naowunte 01-240 7200. 
TtCJtCTMASTE* 01-379 6433 or 
any V» N tinvrin Travel Branrh 



.SAVOY Ol 836 8888 CC Ot 379 
*6219. 836 0479 El mum 7 45 
Mate wed 5. Sal 5 4 A 30 




AWARD winning FARCE 





CO M ED Y 01-579 5599 rr 01-579 
D433/T4I 9999 Firvl Can 24hr 
240 7200 ibku fen Cm Calm 930 

Mon-Til R. Wrd Mai 3. Sal S 604 


•■The imeM ranw latonte of mod 
n» nmrs'TD.Marii 

--A -Up up revival - toe bevi 1 have 

iter -eeti“lTinievj 


■■ - nu- movl rrtehralrd of Ben 
liiwnv' fairra"ibaerlaldri 

YOUNC me 928 6363 CC 379 
6433 Lvev 7 JO. Sgl mal 3 For 4 
ulv nrriv 


Hi OHOfTf b> Hnmi Now Mm. 

art galleries 



IM BCACH V.U.A St* ■!/■« Ubnal 
I ■•mar MnKhi.s IV IM* ILMwii 
Ihuu HI nitre al lil 4 ^HlJDl|' PINIH 
* vim liitp «jatmo iinaTMutiia 
Rm in im Mini 

\Kff \ 1 ll'. \ UI ll Villi 

1 1 .it ■*! ( liiii iH jm 4 »ai lire 

Miiiiirishiu in n aa itiiutivii 
m 1U4M 

ALPWt UFZ MimliPiP i lifM 

Irnitt (ililhHi lUPik hmwtli Nil 
■ims I aUtliaMM r^iH rBoofcmu 
(kuniiuK •llfltoVtti I’MUV 

CMJMONfX Kn OM H/#' WUMte Irittft 

H* I¥iyi|ii4 *4i I mp IhiM IM 1 

i» is t i Arflfflmr in 

ntno U4ri77 

imxi MniiMrt Pintle li. 
iirrt • jHiw iMH jui 1 n\ 
nMUl hll Mn I M ■(IHLjr'i lfjl.'T 

MmKL Pin.*»f‘ IMM rnlnni 

• Iwril’l f 1KJIV6 ll |l|H OMNI IMVlr 

Hip* In ' 1 ClHMfp f»V.74ft 


PC N NIKE Mmiiil.mi INIr 
■ nlia rd 1 iii~i im l> Ibtoej m Tip 
a eiiara-i Ijaa-a. Cuh4 uxaa.' 


1 V Ol 7 M “052 Open dariy 10 
6 m< Mun UHUrnl rale Su n 

I mu 1 aSl NEW ARCM7CC- 

earn evnitai C2S0. £1 70 

inna rale hr booking Ol 741 


II SO £ I 00 rone rale 



CROCfMMLES 1 PUL rum at 
2 Oh a 15 6 30 Ft 50 

■. r J Wjr.'fifFj 




930 5252 l£lHII.‘«30 7615 124 
hi Airrwv/ Vtea/ AmEx Bonk 
mate! "f»” RVUBDCR RY 
ILLUSION al5l ttop arogv Sun 

5 25 o 058 45 WKV 12.45325 

6 06 n 45 uup Nigra show rn 
a tell I! 45pm. All nrogi 
hnukatab- in aatvaim- 

70971 MONA USA ll Bl Sen 
innate OJliV 2 15 600 8 40 

L-rip Nauhl Show to A teal 
11 45una All spate laookablr in 
ortvanie Airem and Visa lei* 
Phone itonkinas wekpme 


■ 9 JO oun IMD 930 42S0 t 
4259 Vs. ill Dnorv PMura 
Partirtite BALK. THE GREAT 
pana/s Hums open Run 2.30 
5 15 H OO Wks 12 003 SO 5 15 
KOO All praxis book .We in ad 
vanar Ciniii Can! Hot Line 
iurewJiHwi/-tntl.xi 930 
3232/ H39 >929 24 hour «e» 
vire £2 50 veals available 
Mnauiav all prrte 



- 20 


Public relations 
reveal changing 
face of Russians 

Contnroed from 
to give full and equal demo- 
cratic rights to all workers... 

' - My mind automatically re- 
peated the stock cliches Z bad 
-heard so often in my four 
years m Moscow. Things 
'really did seem to have 

The officials went on: “You ' 
may have already heard about 
some of the important 
developments: the publication 
of “pozhar” (the fire), foe 
novel about Rasputin, foe 
publication of Akhmatova's 
pdems — works that raise 
quite painful problems of our 
society — the question of foe 
assassination of Kirov,. foe 
decision to take account of' 
public opinion and stop the 
project to reverse foe rivers in 
Siberia—” I could scarcely 
believe what I was hearing. 

My neighbour, a correspon- 
dent for Associated Press in 
Moscow in foe early 70s, was 
equally dumbfounded. They 
were deliberately touching on 
subjects once so taboo that 
-even Westerners in Moscow 
used to be uncomfortable at 
Betting into an argument with 
Russians on Stalinism, 
Rasputin and the Revolution, 
Jbe persecution of the intellec- 
tuals, foe distortions of Soviet 

The officials went on about 
the “small revolution in the 
cinematographers 1 union”. 
Yes, I bad read about it, and 
seen the commentaries in the 
west about foe significance of 
the attempt to throw off 
censorship, to chuck out foe 
old party hacks. But here were 
foe top party people actually 
toasting about it all Here 
were Russians themselves ac- 
tually spelling out the political 
dynamite of events that in the 
did days everyone pretended 
were quite routine and did 
nothing to rock the party boat. 

I looked around. Old 
friends and current correspon- 
dents in Moscow seemed quite 
Masfl about it all. It seems this 
is going on in Moscow every 
day now. Indeed, the officials 
were now saying there were 
“changes in foe way of leading 
people, but foe changes have 
not been going on for long 
enough yet." They spoke of 
the “transfer of authority from 
top to bottom,” of the resis- 
tance to reform because of foe 
threat to “some interests and 

privileges,” of decentraliza- 
tion,' new management 
Then they took questions 
not written questions, as it 
used, not planted ques- 
tions from the loyal East Woe 
press, but questions about the 
internal opposition to 
Gorbachov’s nuclear mora- 
torium, about the resistance to 
the policy of openness. 

“I have never met a min- 
ister who liked being criticized 
in any country. Neither do 
ours,” was foe reply. “Their 
work is being discussed on 
television, on foe radio. The 
party is trying to increase 
Openness in all fields.” 

As for international eco- 
nomic cooperation, yes, there 
were changes here too . “Dur- 
ing the 20s and 30s the policy 
or economic isolationism was 
imposed on ns — ” (Another 
breaking of foe taboo on foe 
Stalinist legacy). My neigh- 
bour was as bemused as L He 
spotted Vladimir Sichkov, the 
photographer who emigrated 
some years ago with all those 
startling pictures of ordinary 
Soviet life that was too frank 
in the Brezhnev era to pass the 
censor. “Ten years ago my 
friends were sent to the Gulag 
for saying the very things 
they're saying on the platform 
now,” was his incredulous 

It was, of course, extremely 
clever. Soviet credibility is 
swiftly making inroads, and 
that also is something Mos- 
cow, with foe gentlest of 
unspoken comparisons, is try- 
ing to show foe White House 
press corps. 

Naturally, it was dressed up 
for foreign consumption. 
There were dear instructions 
not to be riled, even by the 
sharp and extensive questions 
on Jewish emigration. There 
was some smart sfeigbt-of- 

Miss Sally Treadwell, organizer of the women's rugby team- (Photograph: Alan Weller) 

Women invade Twickenham 

hand too. “In foe past 40 years 
300,000 people have left the 
Soviet Union, and 300,000 
have come back. Emigration is 
a two-way process.” Gf course, 
if you count aH foe Cossaks 
and those who “emigrated” 
after the Second World War. 

They say in Moscow it still 
is more style than substance. 
But the style is impressive. It 
is a very different public face 
of foe Soviet Union than foe 
one I remembered in the tired, 
cynical days of Brezhnev. 

By John Goodbody, Sports News Correspondent 

Two mixed rugby radon 
matches between teams of 
both sexes are to be staged 
before the England XV versus 
Japan international at Twick- 
enham this afternoon. 

Not since Miss Erica 

Rugby” have been organized 
by Miss Sally TreadweU, aged 
22, the secretary and No 8 of 
die Wasps Ladies team. 


sport's most celebrated 
streaker, ran bareebested 
across the English bead- 
quarters of the game in 1982 
have women strode on the turf 
of the headquarters of the 
Fa gikh game. 

The senior girls for this 
exhibition of “New Image 

Miss Treadwell is the 
daughter of a former England 
player, Bill Treadwell 

women and sixth form boys ! 
from Hampton School 
In “New Image Rugby”, 
invented in New Zealand, 
there is no tackling, and in 
scrums players jost lean 
against each other with no 

She said: “We are all ex- 
tremely excited about the ex- 
hibition games. We play every 
weekend and train every 
Wednesday as well” 

One mairfa will be between 
nine and 10 year-old boys aad 
girls and the other between 

Miss Treadwell, a physio- 
therapist, says: “There is 
great interest in the sport We 
are even going on an Easter 
tom- of Holland. Why did I 
start playing? Well it was 
there. I went to watch Wasps 
and there was a flourishing 
ladies chib.” 

sets tone 
for third 

Continued front page 1 

nowhere for foe patriotic La- 
bour voter to go, except to 
come with us." 

It is the disarray of the SDP- 
Liberal Alliance over defence 
as well as foe Labour Party’s 
renewed commitment to uni- 
lateral disarmament which 
has left ministers and Tory 
activists convinced that they 
have been' handed the next 
election on a plate. 

Tory strategists are pointing 
out that with the Alliance 
running second to Conser- 
vatives in far more seats than 
Labour, they can afford to lose 
a large number of seats to 

Some ministers are worried, 
however, that foe Govern- 
ment may have peaked, too 
soon and that foe sudden 
turnaround in confidence is 
being allowed to buikl into a 
dangerous euphoria. 

They believe that electors 
would not welcome an early 
election called while there is 
no obvious reason for it and 
are worried about sustaining 
the present mood until next 

If as some of them suspect, 
foe next round of opinion 
polls shows the Government 
in the lead for foe first time in 
a year the pressure for an early 
election will become hard to 


• Kinnock Any: last night 
Mr Kinnock made a furious 
response to Mrs Thatcher's 
speech and the promises ear- 
lier in foe week by ministers 
(the Press Association 

In a statement he said that 
Mrs Thatcher had foiled to 
explain why, if Britain's 
nuclear weapons were so im- 
portant, “they never seem to 
gain us a place at those 
conferences which decide our 

He said: “Her reference to 
neutralism was so ridiculously 
unfounded as to be simply 
scare tactics from a scared 

“In domestic policy she 
virtually ignored the un- 
employed, industrial decline, 
trade losses, the spread of 
poverty and the state of the 
currency. There is no joy for 
anyone in such woe.” 

Fr«nfr Johnson with the Tories 

Standing up in 
hope and glory 

The Conservative Party 
conference in Bournemouth, 
which had opened on Tuesday 
with the traditional religious 
service, yesterday closed with 
the equally traditional act of 
worship. This takes the form 
of an all-denominational 
standing ovation preceded by 
the leader’s speech. 

by this conference season. 
Cabinet ministers took care 
not to be foe first to sit down. 
When Mrs Thatcher resumed 
her seat at one stage. Mi 
Nicholas Ridley, Mr Kenneth 
Baker and Lord Young did sq 
too. In Conservative politics; 

it is regarded as on foe whole a 

sound principle to do every. 

vT*.. nna j thing foe leader does except sd 
Faced with fo»“™ down while the leader's stand- 
occasion. the more squeamish jQg Qvaliofl * ^ ^yery 

simply flee the *0*®“ “* soon, Mr Rkfley, Mr Baker 
Thursday night- Some m^ and lonl Young hauled them- 
istere plead their grannies Jves up again, 
funerals but there is alimit to • - - 

foe number of rimes you can Sir Chaite Joh^ton, foe 
do that if you arc, yourself, in mdent of tire Ctasemtive 
vour sixties National Union, who bad 

your sixties formally to thank foe’ Prime 

Other people stay juwjj Minister, appealed to foe 
sneer. But wine of weattf aiM ji racc: ~pfea 7e sit-down.” 
into the spirit of the occasion. They roared bade “No". This 
In yesterday's column, it was the first visible split of the 
was suggested that the Conser- week. When he restored arita; 
vative conference should be Sir Charles said that Mrs 
compared, not with the La- Thatcher would equal 
bour conference, but with Asquith's occupancy of foe 
more typically English mstitu- premiership by March, 1988, 
tions such as Glyndebourne, and Walpole's by foe year 
although on reflection it 2,000. 

with foe performances. ^ Qi ory _ qq addition to the 

Likewise, the standing ora- programme introduced only 
lion and leader’s spew* j n recent years. This redly 
should be seen as essentially separated us hardened ova., 
the same sort of ; recurring jj on addicts from those who 
event as the last night of the draw the line somewhere. 

P™™ 5- The over-fastidious "Mr 

Over tire years, John Biffeo stared down and; 

have no doubt suggested fiddled his conferem? 
changes^nch as dropping foe Mr Baker, a distil 

speech and jgoing straight cm Sri Mnstantlyr^ 1 
to ^ ovation, just asfoey t0 ^ a future Jnix* 

SmSPS aS5" It <1* 

Albert Hall event But many 5L.J5 SfawKe to hS 
ofusre^itithespee^asato Walpole's record 

of simple fun which has never . ^ M r Baker to wialnfr . 

SWS2? -* M 

when he used to make it regime. j 

Among this year's changes It was foe last of a week of 
was a theme which, almost brilliant ovations, a small 
alone, could win the Tories number of which followed: 
the election, if they are wise equally brilliant speeches, 
enough to develop it further. Most revealing of all were the 
“The feet is,” said Mis ovations won by Mr Lawson 
Thatcher, “ edu catio n at all on Thursday, by Mr Tebbit on 
levels - teachers, training col- Tuesday and by him again 
leges, administrators - has with a tremendous speech 
been infiltrated by a permis- earlier yesterday in which he 
sive philosophy of self- attacked such useful targets as 
expression-” the BBC and the Daily fiirror. 

During the standing ova- This column will resume 
non, and with Mrs Thatcher’s when Parliament returns in 
prospects strangely improved the week after next 


The limes Crossword Puzzle No 17,174 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,168 Solution to Puzzle No 17,173 

Today’s events 

*»- £31*11=!! 

51 n u 

i E !s 







E H 


A prize q/The Times Atlas ofWorid History will be given for the 

iirrt nr*#... J. r* . ■ 

..ill be give 

first three correct solutions opened next Thursday. Entries 
should be addressed to: The Times, Saturday Crossword 
Competition. PO Box 486. Virginia Street, London El 9DD. 
The winners and solution will be published next Saturday. 

The winners of last Saturday's competition are: Mr JR Laine. 
Kimberley Road. Leicester; Air N O'Neill. Halfmerk South. East 
Kilbride, Glasgow: Mr W A Williams. Fittleworth Garden, 
Rusungton, li’Aosev. 

Name — 
Address . 

Royal engagements 
Princess Anne attends a rugby 
match, as guest of the Rugby 
Football Union, between the 
Japan Rugby Union and an 
England XV at 

New exhibitions 
Masterpieces of twentieth 
century photography; 
Comerhouse, 70 Oxford St 
Manchester, Tues to Sat 12 to 8 
(ends Nov 23). . 

Last chance to see 
Paintings by Jeremy Hender- 
son: Ardfaowen Arts Centre, 
Enn i skill en; 10 to 430. 

The Burn bake Trust: original 
works by prison artists; The 
Hexagon, Queen's Walk, Read- 
ing; 10 to 8. 

John Coe: paintings' and 
drawings; Havant Museum, 
East St; 10 to 5. 

Welsh landscapes; Hie Al- 
bany Gallery, 74b Albany Rd, 
Cardiff, 1030 to 53a 

Concert by Southern Voices 
and Orchestra; Rontsey Abbey, 
7.30. Concert by Bir ming ham 
Bach Society; St Alban and St 
Patrick, Conybere Si, Bir- 
mingham. 730. 


The well-beloved, by Charles 
Pettit; St John's Ambulance 
Hall Dorchester, 730. 


Saturday Intematioi 

keep lead out of me: Shake- 
speare on War and peace, by 
Oliver Ford Davies and Janies 
Petlifer. 12; Poetry Sweden, 
5.30: Shaftesbury Hall, 


John Ra 

followed by a I7ih century fa 
Market Place, Braintree. 230. 



1 Flannel is more spread out 

S Impressive capital of Ala- 
bama? No. of another 
state (7). 

9 Rule about soldier's return 
- to quarter (5). 

10 A nut roast cooked for a 
high flier (9). 

11 Welsh support for what’s 
.pledged in song (6). 

12 Rustic makes a stir with 
GCE reform (8). 

14 Losses from strikes (5). 

15 Bitter end io speech (9). 

18 Northern Ireland, wherein 
distillery produces drink 

20 Anthem coped with without 
books (5). 

22 Extraordinary eastern 
policeman (8). 

24 Right to support monarch 

( 6 ). 

26 The criminal is also a healer 


27" A single girl going about in 
the Highlands (5). 

28 Get job with Egyptian navy 
by foe back door (7). 

29 Changed broken treadle (Ty 

Concise Crossword page 13 


1 Half the elements needed | 
for strong liquor (4-5). 

2 David's wife asking for aj 
stiff drink (7). 

3 State named in cross-headi 
above middle of speech (9). 

4 Didn't walk noisily in 
highway (4). 

5 The lager to change to. om 
the whole (10). 

6 Unle man from Zurich (51 

7 Austere Pole meets Brownl 

.8 High living for this wit (5). 

13 Iberian girl soundly beat] 
boy (10). 

16 Artist engineer and doctor] 
affected by form of al-] 
coholism (9). 

17 Then, sadly, two little boysl 
got raised aloft (9). 

19 Mark should have a pro-1 
nounced effect (7). 

21 More intoxicating thanl 
some cakes? (7). 

22 Bar from the latest OPECl 
meeting (5). 

23 Warning about right to begl 

25 Point to a portico (4). 

Royal engagements 
The Queen departs for China 
from Heathrow Airport London 
(South). 5. 

New exhibitions 
New paintings by Phyllis 
Mackenzie: Century Galleries. 
Thames Side, Henley on 
Thames'. Mon to Sun 10 to 
(ends Oct 24) 

Last chance to see 

The Forest: paintings, sculp- 
ture and photographs; 
Southampton An Gallery, Civic 
Centre; 2 to 5. 

50s Primed Textiles: Pump 
Room Museum, Bath; 1030 to 

2087: A look back from foe 
future: Art Gallery and Mu- 
seum. Kelvingrove. Glasgow; 2 
to 5. 


Concert by the Halle Or- 
chestra; Free Trade Hall. Man- 
chester. 7.30. 

Concert by Thaxted Festival 
Orchestra: Thaxted Parish 
Church. 730. 

Concert by St Peter’s Cham- 
ber Orchestra; Leeds Parish 
Church. 8.15. 


Eastbourne's Sth Fun Run: 
Leisure Pool. Lo abridge Drove. 
Eastbourne, u. 

Collectors Record Fair, The 
Guildhall Portsmouth. JO to 4. 

Poetry • and- the Noval, dis- 
cussion chaired by Vanessa 
BerridgK Everyman Theatre,. 
Cheltenham. 4.30 to 6. | 

Gardens open 


West SunaK Nymhns, Hanbotm. 4m 
8 of Crawley off B2114; toga woodtand 
and parkland, fine trass and shrubs; 
waled. Warner and sunken gardens, 
many delghtM features, fine autumn 
oqlour: P; daly excluding Mondays and 
Fridays oral and at October, 11-7 or 

WHshire: Stourhead Garden, Stourtan. 
off B3092. 1m W of Mare (A303); lakes, 
temples, rare tress and plants, fine 
autumn odour; P: doty 8-7 or surest if 

Rostwndiahirm Abbotsford. Melrose, 
Off AfiOBf on to B6360; 2JSm W of 
Melrose; once home of Sir Walter Scott 
trees, shrub*, formal garden; unta and of 
October, weekdays IPS; Sundays 2-5. 

Hfa: St Amkews University Botanic 
Garden. St Andrews; 18K acres, fins 
kses and shrubs, rock and water gardens, 
peat plants; mtsrasbng afl year; dally 10-4 

Hmlh Yodtshfce; Thorp Pwrow Arbo- 
retum Bedaia. off B8207 to Wei and 
Thorp Perrow; 40 acres, magnificent 
potoedon of tress and shrubs, taka. 
- >, kitchen garden; P; Mnk. 

iimiLUl^ M d M |JJ _ 

Airesfotd roads; medStm^iafgardre 
trees, shrubs, beautiful views; 2-fi: 

_ Kant; Hole Park, off B2086 Rohsnden- 
Oanbrook Road; parkland, formal 
gaden. mind borders, roses, water 
garden, RneaUumn colour; also open 

Ori rn da h taa- - Nimeham Pa* Con- 
ference Gantra, 7m SE of Oxford on A423. 
1m from centre of Nuneham Courtney 
vtaage; 50 seres, fine trees and autumn 
cotar. pmturasque garden; 24. 

to ® 1 

The pound 



Australia $ 





Austria Sch 



Belgium Fr 






Denmark Kr 






Franca Fr 




Greece Dr 








Ireland Ft 



Italy Lira 205560 


JapsjiYen . 






Norway Kr 



Portugal Esc 



South / ica Rd 



Spain Pta 






Switzerland Fr 






Yugoslavia Dnr 



Rates for smafi Ou r lornratton bank notes 
only as stapled by Barclays Bank PLC. 
Different rates apply to travellers’ 
cheques and other foreign currency 


London: The FThdre dosed down Z7 at 


A ridge of high pressure 
will] build up across south- 
ern districts of Britain 
while a frontal trough 
approaches NW Scotland 
later in the day. 

! NOON TODAY Pra«m k shown m mHllban FRONTS W^T 

M mm m H— ri ng i 


CM OctiwM 

6 am to midnight 



Births; Arthur Philip, admiral 
and first governor of New South 
Wales, Loudon, 1738; Hcnrich 
Others, astronomer, Arbergen, 
Germany 1958; Sir George Wil- 
liams. Founder of foe YMCA, 
Dulverton, 1821. 

Deaths; Meriwether Lewis, 
Explorer, Nashville. Tennessee, 
1 809; Snood Wesley, composer 
and ogpmist, London, 1837; 

Joule, physicist. 
19: Anton 

Cheshire, !8S.. 

Bruckner, Vienna, 1896; Jean 
Henri Fabre, entomologist, 
Sgrigan. France, 1915; Maurice 
Vla m i nck , painter, Rueil-la- 
Gadeliere, 1958; Jean Cocteau 

poet and writer, Milly-la-Fbret, 

The German marie dropped to 
an exchange rate of 10,000 
million to the £, 1 923. 

Births: Edward VI, reigned 
1547-53. Hampton Court, 1537; 
James Ramsay MacDonald, 
prime minister. 1924, 1929-31, 
1931-35, Lossiemouth, 1866; 
Ralph Vaaghan Williams, 
Down Ampney, Gloucester- 
shire, 1872. 

Deaths: Matsuo Basho, haiku 
poet, Osaka, 1694; Elizabeth 
■Fry, Quaker and prison re- 
fomier,. Ramsgate, Kent, 1845; 
Robert Stephenson, civil er>- 
■, Umlon. 1859; Robert E. 
- Confederate general in 
Chief. Lexington, Virginia. 
1870; Norse Edith CareU, exe- 
cuted in Brussels, ^ 1915: Aaatofe 
France, writer, Saint-Cyr-Sur- 
Loire, 1924 


WMes and wash Mfc Contraflow 
be* wrren i unctions is and 17 
(Swjflon/aippBnham). and 34 and 35 
( A473fc Mfe Law dosures between 


wnctront 22 aw 23 

27 gSAitfBBtaptt iBi 

closures 5W of Brrrexiham at iirefion < 
The Mofth; MS3; Roadworks at Barton 
gW^ Gfr wBf JM ttnch mlerl M Bc Lane 



29 and 

Contra flow at nmcuoris 3 * and' 4 
(Dunfermhie/Keltw. MO* Temporary 

lights on Drymen P — ■ 


fiijKContreflow between junc- 

Contraflow at Jurwaons 
30 {Patsley/MW8j: MOO: 

For readers who may have 
missed a copy of The Tones this 
week, we repeat below the 
week's Portfolio price changes 
^today’s are on page 25). 

Tkor H Sd T(U 



















E ] 






















































































































































































































































Rules and How to Hay, page 42 

London, SE, control S, E, SW, 
MM IL NW Mand, Ewt An- 
Ote. MhBands, Chmma Islands, 
Wales: Dry with sunny periods; 
wind W or SW, light; max temp. 16C 

(6 !3* DisMct; Me of Man. NE 
England, Borders, Etflnburgh, Dm- 
dee, Aberdeen, SW, NE Sco«<«<< 
Glasgow, Moray Rntc Mair 
sunny intervals; wind SW, ( 
to fresh; max temp 14C (f 
Central H^dands, An .. 

My, Shetland, NorftMtn Ireland: 
Sunny intervals and isolated show- 
ers; wind SW, fresh, becoming 
strong; max temp 13C( 55FL 
NW Scotland: Sunny intervals, 
scattered showers, becomir 

High Tides 


London Bridge 




isr d 


7M 5.7 
8.14 3J 

ijw as 
5 3s an 
12X5 as 

5.06 5.4 
11.32 43 
&3G A3 
5.42 33 

4.48 43 


Oidfook for tomomrer and Mon- 
pay: Mainfy dry with sunny kitervals 
m tngland and Wales. Scotland and 
Northern Ireland wH be rather 
cloudy with some rein at times. 
Mostly near normal temperatures. . 



■ S o ulhwoi l u n 


122 4.7 
5J26 73 
3l20 23 

537 43 

1206 54 

11.49 53 

11.18 AJS, 
1231 13 

S35 33 

5.18 6.1 

125 33 

1230 73 

1038 4.4 

538 33 























HT . 


London Bridge 








35 1030 

33 . 












3.1, ; 









































4 A 









73- ■ 




43 11.19 

43 ' : 


















4:1 . 


MlllflU OtoWBft 










6A ■ 





8 2 
















87 v 





7 31 

43 . 






33 . 
















■waured in matreo: 1m=3JS0S«. 

■ TODAY ■ 


Sun i 
717 am. 

6.17 pm 

719 am 

Morai rises: Moon sets: 
427 pm 1237 am 

Fid moon October 17 



FuHinoon October 17 

Sun sots 
6.15 pm 

Moon sets: Moon rises: 
1237 am 431 pm 

Around Britain 

b-btue sky: be blue sky amt croud: c- 

na n. mia-niM ; r-rain: ssuw Ui- 
UiunaenKonn: pshoi w a. 

Arao wsjtfxrw wind airecu on. wind 
WM^nph) dined Temperature 


Tampraatures at midday ymsarday: c, 
ckxiO; f. fain r. ran; s. sin. 

P ridftigte n 
Crenar 33 
l o w aafa ft 4.7 

SSaRTotoWr x 

Folkestone 1.8 




1 5 — ‘ 0.1 


Sun Rein 
hra In 

C F 
S 1355 
Wnagham c 1457 
Btadmool f 1355 
Bristol e 1457 
CwdVf c 1457 
Edinbuitfi 11355 
Glasgow 11355 






Al — 



C F 
C 1457 

1 1457 

c 1763 
c 1355 
C 1457 
s 1355 





C F 

18 61 

17 63 
20 68 
20 68 

18 64 
20 68 

16 61 
16 61 
15 59 

14 57 

15 59 

16 61 
16 61 

5.8 - 17 63 



T a ignmo u di 
















17 63 

19 68 
16 61 
17 « 
17 63 
16 64 
16 84 
16 61 
16 61 

20 68 
21 70 


















Sun Rain Max 
hre in C F 

x - 18 66 

tejhy o - .04 15 59 

^ „ 
Mnrermalia - .44 is 59 

Do«9ife* - .09 14 57 

Lwidoa 6.9 . 22 72 

BTramAkpi 20 - 17 63 

SMS « ’ » » 

8.1 - 19 66 

gpa p» :--aas 

oi ’-17 ® 
CmSalJ Vm ai .06 18 61 















Lighting-up time Those are Tlmdaya figures 




St Andrews. 




S3 35 
43 18 
53 3< 
83 .04 
13 .01 
63 - 

S3 • 
33 .04 

14 57 
16 61 
18 6] 

15 S9 

14 57 
13 55 

15 59 

17 63 
19 68 

18 64 
17 83 

rain . 


sunny . 
sunny • 


Lnndon 6.47 pm la 6.49 am 
Bristol 637 pm to 639 em 
Bfinbragh 6^3 ran to 7.07 am 
M wich—t e r 633 pm to 7.00 am 
Pwaneo 7 10 pm to 7.09 am 


fttatol 634jxn a> 7.00 am 
Edinburgh 6^51 pm to 7.09 am 

Mandiest erg.5flpmto7.02am 
Pen a nce 738 pm to 7 10 am 


Our address 

MrcOAYic.Ctood: d. rirlwta - 1 Mr. v. - 

. w; mg; r, ram, s, sum an, snow; t, thunder 
C F C F 

Sis77cS2SI! c HtsSte* J ^ 79 Roma 

f2G79C«to^ lM75ife?“ J £ S 

S 30 88 Dufafln f « sg RS- * ® 2 SFMw»- 
£ 18 BA - J ix S ree c 13 55 ^snilaiju' 

iiig^:SIE":T«S r 

ISOWRmkfuR ciiaitaM. c 7 S 










g^v-.wsAffssje'i ssr 






^.^n^spapeps umiteo. 

by London Bom iPnnl 

fnj.Limitad or _ l vi«,^- Siren. 

r>0 by _K«vi 

London El 9XN an, „ „ 
scosLwd Lid 13A PoTtman 
Slfnlni Park. Glas go w C41 
Saiurday OriOfifTfl iga* 

* a newspaper al the pS|( 


B Aires 




I 26 79 Geneva 
s 21 7Q Gibraltar 
s 18 W HetttaM 

s 19 68 latashui 

c 16 81 Jeddah 

S 18 64 Jetiurg* 

f 15 61 Marie* 
c 23 73 NsIreM 

in gas* 

a 34 93 Quo 
a 23 73 Parts 

f 23 73 
e 18 64 

e 19 66 

s 11 52 Rlode J 
a 21 70 Myad* 

S 18 64.. 

f 18 84 L 

s 27 81 Lisbon 
f 20 68 Locarno 
s 24 75 L Angola* 

C 11 52 Luxaetog 

oil 52 Madrid - ««» s aaim r, 

* denotes Thursday s figSraSk 

- 5 41 

0 11 52Sydnay 

1 1? §1 1**" 
a a R TtiAwiw 

* S 1 , S Tanarifo 
c 24 75 Tokyo 
a 23 73 Toronto* 

6 | 46TMs 
> 19 66 Votencta 
» 18 66 VonoW 

1 19 66 Vonto 
s if 61 Vranoo 

c 8 48 Warsaw 

» g 77 Washton* s 23 73 

2 3 "US""* r 11 SB 
a 38100 Ztafoh f W S3 

C F 
f 24 75 
s 14 57 

a M 73 
c 28 82. 

f 3i 88 
C 11 52 
• 15 59 
C 19 66 
S 27 61 
S 26 79 
C 25 77 
e 21 70 
1 846 
f 28 79 
C 23 73 
f 12 54 

8 21 7t> 

s 19 64 

9 IB W 

1/ . 

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i. ■ 

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hterlink s;i! c 

t\C0 ofish 


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Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 

s lock market 

FJ 30 Share 

1265.4 (-2.7) 

PJ-SE 100 

1599.4 (-9.2) 






USM (Datastream) 
123.38 (+0.19) 1 


US Dollar 
1.4335 (+0.0100) 

W German mark 
2.8462 (-0.0051) 

S?6(+Q e i') ghted 

Bank chief 

Mr Samuel Armacost, presi- 
£ n * of - lhe troubled, 
sank America Corporation, 
las resigned. 

poking sources said that 
Jlner board members, beset- 
3>’ ‘he bank's huge Joan losses 
iml an unwanted takeover 
Dner. had been preparing to 
Demand his resignation at a 
board meeting. 

They are believed to want 
lhe return of Mr A W “Tom” 
Clausen, former head of the 
world Bank, to the top po- 
sition. even though many ; 
within the banking industry I 
blame him for causing ! 
BankAmerica's problems by I 
expanding into farm, energy, 
snipping and foreign loans 
which later turned bad. 

Setback for 

The fall in the number of 
summer tourists in London 
has hit the performance of 
Aberdeen Steak Houses, 
which has had an uncomfort- 
able ride since its dotation on 
the Unlisted Securities 

The company made a loss of 
£229,000 in the first half 
compared with a profit of 
£252.000 in the corresponding 
period on turnover slightly 
ahead at £4.3 million. . 

Aberdeen says fiat business 
has since picked npiskf that it 
should show a nrtifii/ibr the 
year. The shares fell 7p to 46p- 

Coalite bid 

Coalite Group, the energy 
distribution company, has ob- 
tained clearance horn the 
Office of Fair Trading to 
continue with its £80 million 
takeover bid for Hargreaves 
Group, the fuel processing and 
transport group. 

No dividend 

Sea Containers will suspend 
pavment of dividends on or- 
dinary shares, erring losses 
arising from a customer de- 
fault, reduced revenues from 
container leasing and the 
present strike of Sealmk Bnt- 
ish Ferries. 

Interlink sale 

The offer for sale of 3.48 
million Interlink v Express 
shares was oversubscribed. 

The basis of allocation is 
expected on Monday. 

Exco offshoot 

Exco International, the 
money broker, yesterday an- 
nounced it is setting. up a 
subsidiary to operate m the 
interbank market in ofl-nai- 
□ nee- sheet risk. Exco Capital 
Markets will offer a world- 
wide broking service in ig 
icresi rate swaps and interest 
rate caps and floors. 

wSfsmtf § T?Sf | 

a£5 § 24 

SS,"S£3 SS S 

Selling trims TSB 
price from lOOp 
opening level 

Ry Pit har d Tj ^to n, Banking CMTCSpoajfllt 

[ : ■ ; r. 

Trustee Savings Bank 
shares opened on the stock 
market yesterday at lOOp. a 
100 per cent premium over 
the 50p parfiy-paid offer price, 
but fell back almost immedi- 
ately to dose at about 85p as 
buyers stayed away from the 

At the opening price the 
market value of the bank was 
the same as that of Lloyds 
Bank, the third largest in the 
country. At the dosing price 
the TSB is still worth more on 
the stock market than Mid- 
land Bank, until now the 
fourth largest. 

Sir John Read, TSB chair- 
man. said: “I was astounded at 
the opening price, but it seems 
to have moved back to more 
the son ofJevri we expected. J 
am very pleased at the way 
things have gone.” 

The start of dealing was the 
culmination of a long and 
often tort uous process to 
launch the TSB on the stock 
market. Sir John added: “It 
has taken us three years to get 
here. Now that it is over, we 
are all set to review our 

The flotation would have 
gone ahead last February, bm 

Profit blow 
for print 

By Cliff Feftham. 

McCorquodale, the bank- 
note printer fighting a £145- 
million takeover bid by 
Norton Opax, stunned its 
predators last night when it 
forecast a 25 per cent increase 
in profits for 1987, just one 
week into the new financial 
yeair ’ 

In a hard-hitring defence, 
McCorquodale confirmed 
fiat profits: for the year- just 
ended would rise 37 per cent 
to £14 million, and told 
shareholders to expect a total 
of £17.5 million for the 
present year. 

- Last night a spokesman for 
Norton Opax said: “Coming 
out with a profit forecast for 
1987 smacks of a desperation 
measure to us.” 

But Mr John Hofloran. the 
chief executive, said it was not 
unusual to malm a forecast so 
for ahead. “It is a question of 
having confidence in the fu- 
ture, and we have a very dear 
strategy which is coming 
through. We were able to 
make- this forecast because .of 
the timing of the bid which 
straddles die two financial 

Mr Holloran attacked the 
Norton Opax bid, saying its 
profits had been dependent on 
ODe-off gains from acq- 

“It recognizes that McCorq- 
uodale, having recently com- 
pleted a major capital exp- 
enditure programme, has the 
growth potential which it 
lacks. In effect, Norton Opax 
is proposing that McCorq- 
uodale's shareholders should 
fund Norton Opax's belated 
capital expenditure." 

It emerged yesterday that 
Klein won Benson, McCor- 
quodale's financial advisers, 
had bought 500,000 shares ata 
price of 26Ip, Ip more than 
the Norton Opax cash offer. 

This coincided with news 
that ExteL the information 
services group, had aban- 
doned its plans to rescue 

it was delayed by legal wran- 
gles over who owned the bank. 

Mr Mark O* Hanlon of 
Hoare Govcti said : “The in- 

which e nd«»ri in the House, of stitu lions have been very re- 

Lords in August. 

Dealing in the shares was 
quiet all day, with a turnover 
of 60 million to 70 million 

strained. There was some 
buying when the price 
dropped briefly below 84p, 
but most institutions are wail- 

shares. Mr William Vincent of ing for the price to go lower" 
the broker Scrimgeour Vide- . . 

os. said: “It was nothing like 
the enormous volume oftrad- 
ing on the first day of British 
Telecom shares.” 

The scene on the Stock 
Exchange floor was quiet and 
orderly compared with the 
hysteria when British Telecom 
shares first started trading. 

This was partly because 
there were only three market- 
makers in Telecom shares, 
whereas there are 17 for TSB 
shares, making access to mar- 
ket makers much easier. 

Sir John said some of the 
3. 1 5 trillion investors may not 
have received their allocation 
letters, without which they 
cannot sell their shares, until 
the second post yesterday, 
while others may not receive 
theirs until today. 

Institutional investors, who 
were allocated only a small 
proportion of the shares, were 
waiting for the price to foil 
lower before buying. 

He added: “Monday is 
likely to be for more exciting. 

More private investors will be 

m a position to sell their n g ■« -a j 
shares, which should push the K^TI K (101(1^ 
price down to levels at which "«**■*- 11U1UJ 

erested." “ | the line 

Several stockbrokers re- • , , 

ported brisk selling by some All ]TjT£TPSL 
small investors 

Buckmaster* Moore said it rofoc 

had sold 250,000 TSB shares X dlvij 

for private shareholders by 
1 0.30am, while Quilter By Da "d Smith 

Goodison reported heavy Economics Correspondent 
trading all day in its three The of yes- 

share shops. today again signalled its 

Quilters is keeping the three determination to resist a rise 
shops, in Bristol Truro, in in interest rates. It refused to 
Cornwall and Debenhams in allocate bills in the weekly 
London's Oxford Street, open Treasury bill tender for the 
from 9am to 6pm today to second success! re week, 
enable people to deal in TSB The Bank’s refusal to aflo- 
sfaares who were not able to cate the uonnal_£100 million 
mrvrarT a stockbroker yes- of bills on offer indicated that 

Out of the hats: Early dealing in TSB shares on the Stock Exchange yesterday (Picture; Leslie Lee) 

B ank holds Hanson recoups 

on interest £87lJl from 

„ I ? tes _ Golden Wonder 


Societies ready for 
£ lbn TSB return 

By Lawrence Lever 

More money was with- by the T 
drawn from building societies the sociei 
by investors last month than of invest) 
ever before because of the 
immensely popular TSB share kwi v io 1 
offer. But the societies are set 
m bounce tack with the 
Bmlding Societies Association „ 

“ confidently" predicting 
record takings “weD in excess P*. soc 
of £1 billion" in October as uuaKe * 
money from TSB applicants Meanv 
flows back into societies* £6.8 biili 
coffers. ■ . from acc 

The two bxgest building outflow < 
societies in the country — the month af 
Halifax and Abbey National — its. This i 
were already reporting returns ever that 
from applicants yesterday. net outl 

“The big flood will be occasion! 
toramorrow morning and three-day 
Monday," Mr John Bayliss and Man 
general manager of the Abbey tune the 
National said yesterday. “We measurer 
are ocpectmg to get bade £200 The I 
million out ofthe £250 million anticipali 

by the TSB issue" which cost 
the sodeties some £1.5 billion 
of investors* savings. 

The societies’ October joy is 
likely to be short-lived with an 

the tenders from the discount 
houses were at unacceptably 
high interest rates. The Bank 
has never before used this 
technique in two consecutive 

The sterling index edged np 
to 67.6 from 6725 at the dose 
on Thursday. The pound 
gained a cent to $1.4335 and 
was steady at DM2A508. 

The dollar was slightly 
weaker on lack of central bank 
support and after Herr Clans 
Koehler, a Bundesbank direc- 
tor, said the German authori- 

that came out as a result of retail sources by turning to the 
TSB” wholesale markets for axecord 

Mr Mark Boleat, the sec- net monthly intake of £1.6 

retary-general ofthe BSA, said 
that the September savings 
figures “ are grossly distorted 

net monthly intake of £1.6 
billion. This for exceeded the 
previous monthly high of 
£1.14 billion in July . 

Laws on investment in 
property to be revised 

An alternative vehicle for 

By Judith Huntley 

The Government plans to comprises many property 
amend the Financial Services interests. 

Bill now going through Par- The Royal Institution of 
liament, to allow for invest- Chartered Surveyors (R1CS), 
mem in a single commercial which has its own working 
property, such as a large office party on the subject, has been 
block or shopping centre.^ lobbying for chang es to the 
Selling securities in a single ^w 

over the past year. The Gov- ^ 

eminent amendments, which 

‘ifeT.SSS? W* a» 

permit the formation of co- The Stock Exchange is keen 
ownerhsip trusts in a p roperty to see a market in such 
and would create a position of investments brought under its 
almost direct ownership for aegis. Talks are underway 
investors. between the Exchange and the 

The idea of co-ownership proponents of single commer- 
tmsts was suggested by Mr rial property securities on how 
John Berkshire’s working a new market, if created, will 
party on unhisatioii, which be m a n aged. 


SSI — 1794« H tar 

SSSdo- “OS* 



Londo n dosing pnew Page 

Interest rates 


Bar* in'3.n-i0"i9% 



Blue Circle 576pm 5p) 

Ibstock Johnson . 190 p{+y) 

Ambitious prophet of woe 


Blue Circle 

Ibstock Johnson — 

1C Gas — 


Minerals Res — 
Yaoman'lnvest — 
Feedback — - — 
Helical Bar 


Barclays Bank 



Dee Corporation — 


Glaxo — 

jaguar — 


Jodnston Group — 

North Kalgurt. 

Britsh Aerospace - 
Britsh Syphon — ^ 
Heath CE 

85p +1 



__ 930pj-17pV 
__ SZBp(-12p) 

I80p -10p) 

mkBasa: 10% All „ Britsh Aerospace ™ 

3SEZ= <5$ 



New York: 

* £7.4345* 
j: DM1 -9866* 

$■ SwFri.6185^ 

S: Indexrl Cg-2 
SDR £0.849046 


301 JO) 



By Graham Seaijeant 
Financial Editor 

Dr Henry Kaufman, head of 
research for Salomon Broth- 
ers, has tong had an effect on 
interest rates and hence ster- 
ling, through his comment on 
American credit conditions. 
Now that Salomon is moving 
into the gilt-edged market, his 
comments are more direct. 

Yesterday Dr Kanfman, in 
London to front Salomon's 
first gift-edged seminar for 
160 institutions, could offer 
tittle hope that the Chancellor 
might avoid a rise in interest 
rates to support sterling ® the 
comin g week2*The market 
may well not have stopped 
testing the mil and the strat- 
egy of the Gorerumefll" he 

Dr Ka lman has already 
: suggested that market dealers 
1 mil look For a rise of at least 
one point in bank base rates. 
“There is a distinct possibility 
that this will occur when 
everyone gets back from die 
party conference and has to 
consider file real needs of 
policy and strategy," he said. . 

Mr Malcolm Roberts, Sal- 

Dr Kaufman yesterday: tittle 

hope of avoiding a rate rise 

onion's chief economist in 
Britain, argues that stabOiring 
the pound may require a 
combination of higher interest 
rates and higher intervention 
rates. “The market in sterling 
may not reach a natural floor 
by itself but concerted inter- 
vention by central bonks could 
dimmish the rate of foil suf- 
ficiently to remove die need for 

Datgeiy. the food and agri- 
cultural group, has finally 
secured the Golden Wonder 
crisp and snack food business 

By Richard Lander 

and agri- lion came from selling lmp- 
s finally dial's restaurant and hoiri 
Wonder interests to Tru&thousc Forte, 
business although this deal is being 

pledged to it at the height of scrutinized by file Monopolies 
the battle for Imperial Group. Commission. 

Dalgety is paying a total of 
£87 million to Hanson Trust 
for the Golden Wonder busi- 
nesses in Britain and Holland, 
the Ross potato distribution 
company and Flavourite. a 
manufacturer of food fla- 
vourings. It is also taking over 
cash balances worth £28 mil- 
lion for an equivalent sum. 

Seven months ago Imperial 
agreed to sell Golden Wonder 
UK. alone to Dalgety for £54 
million if its agreed merger 
with United Biscuits went 
ahead. The deal was struck to 
appease Monopolies and Mer- 

Mr Martin Taylor, a Han- 
son director, said that yest- 
erday's sale of the four 
businesses had been made 
afrer a thorough review' of 
Imperial's busmessesduring 
the summer. “Wc came to the 
conclusion that Golden Won- 
der might be happier in an- 
other home." 

Hanson had approached 
“about five or six companies" 
which had expressed interest 
in Golden Wonder at the time 
of the war for Imperial 

Mr Taylor said there were 
“no particular plans" to sell 

gers Commission worries over any further part ofthe remain- 
competition in the British ing Imperial tobacco and food 

croartol£3 btftBon tranche of 
British Gas in the second half 
of next month certain to drain 
sodeti “’ November 

m ~ ' also hit by figures showing a 

Meanwhile. September s ny g US producer prices of 
£6.8 billion total withdrawal 0.4 per cent last mouth, after a 
from accounts led to a net 03 per increase in An- 
o inflow of £671 million last gn^t. The rise .was . mainly 
month after deducting depos- of higher energy 

hs. This is only the thud time prices. - 
ever that sodeties have had a The steadiness of the poaud 

net outflow, the last two ^ reflected in stighfiy easier 
occasions coining during the money market rates and a 
three-day week m February strong recovery ia the g3t* 
and March 1974. Even at this edged with long-dated 
time the deficit was only ever stocks np by over £L But 
measured in double figures. dealers said the p res s ur e for 

The building societies higher base rates had not 
anticipated the drain on their disappeared, 
retail sources by turning to the The Bank of England , an- 

w hoicsale markets for a record Bounced yesterday afternoon 
net monthly intake of £1.6 that the Treasury had created 
billion. This for exceeded the 16 £50 m i ll i o n tranches of 
previous monthly high of ousting Government stocks. 
£1.14 billion hi July. The tranches, the Bank 

said, were not a funding 

A a • operation as such, but woe 


be revised ^gMOctnber27. ** 

snack market. 

In the end United Biscuits 
foiled to persuade enough 
shareholders in Imperial 
which was swallowed up by 
Hanson for £2.8 billion. 

The deal again underlined 

businesses, described by Lord 
Hanson yesterday as “highly 

Dalgety is paying £38.6 
million ofthe price from cash 
resources, and is raising the 
rest from a vendor placing of 

Hanson Trust's knack for 20 million shares, which will 
buying conglomerates and increase its issued share cap- 
unlocking tbe cash value of italby.9.9 percent. The placed 

their subsidiaries. So for this 
year it has folly recovered the 
$930 million (£654.9 million) 
takeover of SCM in the 
United Stales and has re- 
couped some £1.7 billion from 
selling parts of ImperiaL 

shares were underwritten at 
245p, while in the market 
Dalgety fell by 7p to 261 p. 

Pretax profits for the four 
businesses for the year to 
October 31 were estimated at 
about £9 million, two-thirds of 

“Pul another way, we have which comes from Golden 
recouped 65 per cent of the Wonder UK. Last year the 
total cost by selling companies companies made £5. 1 million 
contributing 45 percent ofthe on turnover of£21 1.8 million. 
Imperial profit forecast for but profits were badly affected 
this year," Lord Hanson said by a seven-week strike 
yesterday. Mr Terry Pryce, Dalgety's 

Most of the cash raised so managing director, said the 
for has come from the £1.4 Golden Wonder purchase 
billion sale of the Courage took the group into another 
brewery and public house fast-growing sector of the food 
concern to Elders IX L, of business to place alongside its 
Australia. A further £1 90 mil- involvement in pet foods. 

chief for 
in the US 

By Graham Searjeant 
Financial Editor 

Guinness has taken an im- 
portant step in its drive to 
improve spint exports by 
recruiting Mr William Pict- 
ersen to lead its North Ameri- 
can wine and spirit op- 

Mr Piciersen is a long-time 
Unilever manager who has 
been president of the Lever 
Brothers food division in lhe 
United States since 14g0. 

He will be responsible for 
co-ordinating the hitherto 
largely independent former 
Distillers whisky and white 
spint businesses in the US. 
which include the Distillers 
Somerset group. Distillers 
Canada and some Caribbean 

Together these account for 
$750 million (£522 million) of 
the projected $4 billion world- 
wide sales of the Guinness 
group this year. 

Mr Pietersen will also han- 
dle relationships with the 
diverse distributors of file 
group’s wine and spirit 
brands, which have tradition- 
ally been marketed by local 

Mr Ernest Saunders, the 
Guinness -chairman, who an- 
nounced lhe appointment in 
New York yesterday, sank 
“Willie Pietersen's appoint- 
ment as our first president for 
North America is an im- 
portant step in our pro- 
gramme for building our US 
and Canadian wine and spirit 

“Somerset’s brands, which 
include Johnnie Walker, 
Pimm’s and Tanqueray, have 
premier positions in the US. 
The commitment of Mr 
Pieiersen. who is truly a lop 
international brand marketer, 
will ensure that Distillers 
Somerset and our other US 
and Canadian interests will 
receive the leadership they 

Optimism on 
output accord 
at Opec talks 

From David Yonng 
Several delegates now strug- 
gling to find a new output 
quota agreement at Opec’s 
current meeting in Geneva 
were still predicting yesterday 
that the meeting would end 
with a decision to roll over the 
current production level of 
16.8 million barrels a day. 
And any new quota system 
could come into force on 
January 1. 

The Opec president, Mr 
Rilwani L u kma n . the Ni- 
gerian oil minister, said yes- 
terday he was still confident 
that a new agreement on 
output could be reached 


a rise in interest rates," he 

Salomon is adopting a 
higher profile, with a large 
new high-tech headquarters at 
Victoria station, because, as 
one exeeative pnt it, “we aim to 
be at the top of the pGe" in the 
gilt-edged market after the Big 
Bang on October 27. 

Mr Christopher Dark, head 
of gilt-edged distribution, said 
that Salomon — one of 27 gilt- 
edged market-makers under 
the new system — does not 
intend to boy market share by 
trading at low margins or 
maintaining big stock po- 
sitions for Bie sue of size. 

u Bot our aim is to be a 
significant factor in the mar- 
ket-place and to be a signifi- 
cant provider ofliquidity to the 
market" Salomon’s gilt-edged 
unit will initially be capitalized 
at just £20 million. 

Mr Dark said he foresaw 
the number of market-makers 
shrinking to about 15 in two 
years, with a first division of 
abont SO. including his own 




Europe: go 
for the encore. 

Following spectacular growth in 1985 
European markets have consolidated in the 
first half of this year. Many financial advisers 
are now looking again towards Europe for 
dynamic growth. 

The Oppenheimer European 
Growth Trust 

aims to capitalise on the obvious benefits of 
low interest rates, low inflation, dramatically # 
reduced energy costs and the general climate of 
political stability. European markets are still 
relatively cheap. 

Currency Gains 

In addition to the healthy outlook for 
stockmarkets, clients will benefit further if the 
pound continues to weaken against major 
European currencies, for example the Swiss 
Franc has appreciated over 20% against 
Sterling so far this year. 

Oppenheimer was one of the first to forecast 
the major European potential in late 1984. 
Our European fund was the top performing 
of all authorised unit trusts in 1985 and is 
currently up 77.3% over the 12 months to 
1st October. 

For a copy of our latest Euro- 
pean brochure call 01-489 1078 
or write to Oppenheimer at 
66 Cannon St, London EC4N 6AE. Fuid Managements) 

a memoe company o< me Mercant»e nous# 

rah H femmings \ 





IBM aids early trading 

New York (Renter) - Wall 
Street shares were steady in 
early trading yesterday after 
an initial decline. Signs of a 
recovery for IBM encovraged 
many investors who regard the 

shares as a market bellwether. 

Investors have been nervous 
about the company's quarterly 

report, which is expected next 


The shares, down 8 7 /* in the 
fhst four days of this week* 
rebounded I 3 /« to 1237s. 

The Dow Jones industrial 

average was op 036 to 
1,797.38, after a six-point drop 

Declining issues lead 
advancing issues by a margin 
of three to two, on a turnover of 
15 milfion shares. 

Allied Stores, the subject of 
rival takeover bids, gamed K 
to 67%. 

The transportation average 
was op 1.12 points to 827.50, 
utifities dipped 0.98 points to 
19&24 and stocks were down 
0J2 points to 71&09. 

Oct Oct 
9 8 

Oct Oct 
9 8 

Oct Oct 

9 8 

ures in £000 for six months to 
June 3CfcPreuw loss 1 .682 (1 .733 
profit), tax 155 (705). loss pea- 
share 7.34p (7.18p earnings). 

• BRASWAY: The chairman. 
Mr R A Swaby. told the annual 
meeting there had been contin- 
ued progress in the three main 
operating division s. The tube 
division was performing better 

than anticipated, oil blending 
was going strongly and the 
bright bar division had a 
Steadily expanding order book, 
but profit maigins were under 
pressure: All three divisions 
were bring expanded. Construc- 
tion work has begun on addi- 
tional premises for the ofl a nd 
tube divisions, and moderniza- 
tion was under way for the 
bright bar division. 

INGS: Figures in £000 for six 
months to August 2: Saks 
25^82 (23,143), pretax profit 
2.027 (1,929), tax 785 (740). 


Turnover rose 10.5 per cent 
despite a significant reduction in 
the number of tourists in 
London and Paris. The pro- 
gramme oF refurbishing a num- 
ber of major stores has 
continued. The company said 
prospects for the rest of the year 
were “reasonable**. 



36.666.666 new ordinary shares 
rights, 33, 5 11,940 have been 
taken up. 

Arrangements have been made 
for a placing with institutional 
investors of 4 million 9 1-2 per 
cent cumulative redeemable 

- preference shares 1995 to raise 
about £3.85 million after ex- 
penses. The issue is conditional 
on approval by shareholders at 
an emergency general meeting 
on October 3 1 . and on the Stock 
Exchange admitting the pref- 
erence shares to the official list 

TEMS: The company bas re- 
ceived approval from the 

recent issues 


Storing Max compered wtt 1975 wmep at 57.6 {day's 


Amootinaauatrar - 


Bahrain tfnar 

Brad cruzado* — 

Fvwarn mart* — 
Greats drachma — 
Hong Kong dote _ 

mdia rupee 

tel dinar 

Kuwait tfnar KD — 

Malaysia Oofiar 

Mexico peso 

New Zealand dote . 
Saudi Arabia fiyal _ 
Singapore dote — 
South Africa raid _ 



— 15345-15407 

— 2^35742399 

— 1X5380-05400 


__ 0.72000.7300 

— &94958588S 

— 19055-19285 

- 1850-1850 

_ 3.7456-3.7512 

_ 2.7890^7983 

— 53270-55870 

— 3.1044-3.1061 

— 3.1603-3.1980 

— 52210^2610 


West Germany 
Switzerland — 
Netherlands — 

1100-1150 Japan 1! 

2.7890*7993 Sly U 

53270-53670 Sefeymi< C og* n) ,—L 

Hong Kong 
Portugal — 

SpaEZ — 















13785-12775 ' 





_ 1386-1389 





RreUtettnga liaflte i n g ii LastOacfantioa For Se nte mot 

Otf17 f Jon8 Jan 19 

• Oct 31 Jan 22 Feb 2 

No* 14 Feb 5 Feb 16 

CaeoptfaM were iefcew out on : W10/86TSB. Tranwood. Abeoo. Freshbaka. Peek 
tMtfmiL Palma Group. Backs Leisure. Conroy, Batten Wm. North Kalgurfl Mnes. 
Owdmnit Europe. Grand Met. Leeds Group, FHh GM, Atwoods, Crusader te 
DrtwJjCo i.GOwt House. Car Boyd, Wordplex hntorrnation, Amteod, MMwR CWfal 

rut I So, J05SUB. 

Put & Cafe Bestwood. TSB 

Three tenth States Open 

Dec 86 _ 

Mar 87 8987 

Jun87 89.65 

Sep 37 89.45 

Dec 87 69.10 

Mar 68 NT 

Previous day's total wen Merest 12217 
Three Month Enrodote 

Dec 86 94.25 

Mar 87 94.76 

Jung? 3334 

Sep 87 9160 

USTrenury Bond 

Dec 86 96-15 

Mar 87 NT 

Am 87 NT 

Htah Low Close EstVtf 

8951 8985 BS20 4381 

89.44 8985 89.44 240 

69-65 8954 89.83 120 

89.45 8937 89.44 25 

89.10 89.10 89.20 4 

— — 8832 0 

Previous day's total open Merest 24828 
9436 94.17 94.19 4025 

94.16 94.09 94.11 BOO 

9334 9337 9339 159 

8350 9356 9357 32 


— — 95-05 0 

— — 94-05 .0 

__ Previous day's total open Merest 1389 

96-22 9840 9642 9841 66 

NT — - 96-41 0 

NT — — o 

111-27 11!^, 

NT — • — 112-24- 0 

NT — — 112-24 0 


Dec 86 

Mar 87 

— „ Previous day's WM open Merest 2624 

16350 16330 163. fa T6350 275 

NT — _ 16630 0 

Swedish Government for the 
acquisition of tbe office, retail 
supplies and equipment opera- 
tions of Esselie Dymo and 
Essrite Me to from Essdte AB. 
the Swedish group which owns 
about 75 per cent of the 
Outstanding common shares. 
The purchase price for the 
subsidiary was SI.l million — 
net book value as at December 
31, 1985- The total assets bring 
acquired are $39.5 million, and 
total debt being assumed is 
$22.7 miilion. 

• ROCKWOODs No interim 
dividend. Figures m £000 for 
half-year to June 30: Turnover 
2.409 (2.482). pretax profit42 
(30). tax 16 (10), earnings per 
share 0.65p (0.50). The 
improvementhas stemmed 
from enhanced efficiency and 
computer-based purchasing sys- 
tems in the subsidiary, HB 
Electronics. The directors of 
Rockwood are confident HB 
will continue to perform well in 
the second half 



Clearing Banks ig 
Finance House 10 

O re n u ght Hate 10 Low 8 . 


100% *25 


Cable & Wire 




































■ IS 





Hew Fab 

420 56 71 SO 2 10 

460 28 » 67 15 -8S 

SCO 12 30. 45 37 45 




i (Discount %) 

2 ninth 10 2mnth 9* 

3mntft 10 Sirnth SR 

Prim* Bank Bte (Discount %) 

1 rarab 10 ’4 -954 2 mnth lOX-ia 

3nrth 10X-10 6 mnth 10*-10X 

TWste fflteM W 
1 mntti io*^Zmnth 10* 

Smnth 10% 6 mull 11 


Ov8mghcqpan8X ctorelO 
1 wm* 9*3* 6 mntti 10 a iv-10> , w 

1 mntti lO'w-IO 4 !# 9 mntti io»w-io"m 

3 math 10° wlfl" i«12 mtti 10«»-10'U 
LocM AattxK&y Depoafts (%) 

2 days 8* 7 days 10* 

1 mntti 10% 3ireim 10% - 

6 mnth 1054 12mth 10K 

Loral Anthoray Bonds (%) 

1 mnth 11-10* 2 mntti 11-10* 

Smnth 11-ID* Bmntti 11-10* 

Smnth 11-10* 12mtft 11-10* 

2 days 8* 

1 mntti 10* 
Bmntti 1054 
Loral Anthoray I 

1 mnth 11-10* 

Smnth it-io* 

9 mnth 11-10* 

Sues Trans 

Trafal gar Houso 


1 mntti HPis-Kpm Smnth 10 '<w-10*m 
6 mntti 10 n ia-10% 12 mtti 10"w-10M 

Dote CDs (%) 

1 mntti 530-535 3mntti 5J5-5.7D 
fliwtti 5.7557X3 12 mtti 536330 


7 days 5 K-6>*v 
S mntti 5V6* 

7 days 4>»4»i» 
3 mntti 4»i«4*« 
French Fisk 
7 days 6-754 
Smnth 8595* 

7 days 154-1* 
Smnth 4 1 i*-3’»>+ 


7 days 4*-4H 
Smnth 54* 

cai 6X-5* 

1 mnth S*-5* 
Bmntti 554-5* 
caB 54 

1 mntti 4144* 

6 mnth 4*.*4 ’m 

cafl 93 

1 mnth 8K-8U 
6 mnth 8543 
cal 2-1 

1 moth 354-3* 
Bmntti 4>.#-3'»* 
cal 5K4* 

1 mnth 4*4* 

6 mntti 4*4* 

Sarin Has Mar Jun Nra Mar Jan 

5 10 

Sariea Nov Fab Mm Nov Fab 

GokfiS431 3543230 
Krugerrand- (percomt 
S 4S00^2W (S2M3SS0130) 

Da Beers 




























S 58030 (£405.60) 
*ExckjdasVAT ■ 

Fixed Rata Sterling Export Rranca 
Schama IV Average reference rata tor 
Merest period September 3. 1988 to 
October 7, 1966 inctoive: 10355 per 

Oct Nov Doc Jan Oct Nov Oae Jan 0 

160 35 

180 18* 
200 9 

— IX. 5 — 

31 6 954 13 

20 16 19 21 
















































October 10, 19M . Total contracts 671 67. CaBai 

Pate 40632. 

•Underlying eecwtty price. 


BU ate Cbag YM 

tem pt *tv tted DM 1343 +2-18 

ea H*te Rd. i 

5«Qn Food 1013 107.7 

Bhm CMp FtM 1209 1273 
Mmum ted 1447 1SU 
tefa na ara ted was 1SU 

DV588 1212 

EwWMduad IMS 1503 W4 

Octe Grown ted 7152 


teas* Tom* m Best < 

Lpwat faMCHe ai Bt aw oup 
tete. tex. Mar EXE 108 

0392 32155 

•wjremcap WJ 

Brtom . <705 

Pmo*mr Cn lao 





♦ 0.1 

+030 . 

*04 043 


■ ■; si 

■-JCi * 

•'• ,1> 


■' *’• ^ Vi 

" v .'* 

Glaxo out 
Pf link-up 
jWith US 

■“Ugs firm 


°n n ri^cdlhifSif yesterday 

SanriTV nthedev ^? 

DiT 1 ^£ i k „ eU E 8of , 3 ™ 

^^nair 113 " 01 - has 

SSiW.WI Pais Phar- 

(mbS l f£ >rat T ss - of 

^.n| eb “S 

^ponsibiuty for 

® fn?S rhed J UE “ uldbe 

™herrirfJ aU " C ^ by l990 - 

ft n 5T nde would comment 







thft , comment 
~ 121 br eakdown 
a angements. 

ff b^ c ,h al 0Qe 

qJ 7 1 then recovered to 
fc rf a 0Wn 1 % A spokesman 
Gjaxo said the decision 
obviously disappoici- 
j* , DU > !he company was 
?v? p, J8 severa! other com- 
Pf-nds. It was a small pan of 
Gkos £120 mfllion-a-year 
atS rC " pro Br amme ’ h e 

nalysts estimate that sales 
Xorphanol, orig- 
m «y discovered bv ' Pare, 
cod rise to between $50 

S?ift 0n - million) 
jIQ million a year. 



•f broker 
by bank 

ic London-based stock- 
brcer Vivian Gray, with six 
prcincial offices, mis reached 
agiement in principle to be 
acaired by Bank in Liechten- 
stei. probably the last 
brdng firm to strike such a 
de; before Big Bang. 

< ink in Liechtenstein is 95 
pc cent owned by the Prince 
of jechtensiein Foundation, 
seup in the 16th century to 
maage the affairs of the 
rung family. The bank ai- 
red} has a London subsidiary 
wkrh is a licensed deposit- 

'ivian Gray has been a 
biker member of the Stock 
Erhange since 1877. The firm 
hi 20.000 private clients. £1 
bi ion funds under advice and 
a esearch-based institutional 

tfter the acquisition the 
stckbroking business will 
caiinue to trade in the name 
ofVhian Gray as a. broker 
dating for clients on^an 
agncv basis. -'Z. 

The bank has subsidiaries in 
Zrich. Geneva, .Frankfurt 
ad New York as well as 
Lndon and win shortly be- 
opning an office in Hong 
Kng. Following the ao- 
qisition of Vivian Gray, the 
Brush subsidiaries will be the 
latest unit within the group 
oiside Liechtenstein. 


High street rally tipped 
in stockbroker’s bulletin 

By Michael Clark 
and Carol Leonard 

Small private investors win 
be realizing profits of up to 
£100 million from the sate of 
their TSB shares in the next 
few weeks and most of it is 
likely to find its way into the 

big street. 

says Wood Mackenzie, 
the leading Scottish broker. Its 
influential quarterly bulletin 
on “C onsumer Sector 
Prospects” will be published 
on Monday. 

The bulletin says the retail 
sector is at a relative 15- 
monih low and predicts new 
highs before kmg. 

"Fears of base rale rises 
always knock the retail 
sector." says Mr Paul Aynstey, 
Wood Mackenzie's top stores 
analyst. “'But the market 
shouldn't let interest rate wor- 
ries mask the fact that real 
incomes have grown 

“We have turned very pos- 
itive on the stores sector m the 
past couple of days; we expect 
them to have a very good 
Christmas and think the 
whole sector is on the brink of 
bouncing np again." 

Mr Aynsley has moved 
three leading retailers onto bis 
“strong buy" list. Next has 
had a very good September, be 

Sme lt Osmvesm 

AA^Cadbury Schweppes: 
JVV^breaking new grounds 

Jan * feb ‘mar 1 apr ‘may’jun * jul'aug‘sep 'oct 



r 90 

Grand Metropolitan, the 
brewing group* recovered from 
an early 5p foil yesterday 
to finish Ip higher at 451 p. 

T C Coombs, the broker, 
refused to comment on reports 
that it was trying to place a 
line of 3S million shares in 
the company at 445p. The 
sleuths at Wood Mackenzie, 
the Scottish broker, have 
checked the share register and 
say there are do holdings 
of more than 5 per cent. 

says, while Freemans, the mail 
order group, is long overdue 
for a re-rating. And Burton is 
cheap and should reveal a 
useful set of year-end figures 
next month, he says. 

“We’re looking for £145 
million profits this lime and 
£187 million in 1987," he 

Next- was one of the few 
stores companies to show any 
gains yesterday, firming just a 
penny to 233p. Austin Heed, 
the tailor, also improved, 
rising ISp to 330p after good 
results. Freemans lost a few 
pence to 420p and Burton 4p 

Gibs had another good day, 
mostly on hopes that Britain’s 
entry into the EMS may not be 
that for away. They gamed £1 
in the longs and np to £% in 
the shorts. 

Money market rates were 
easier again, drifting Yio per 
cent lower on three-month 
money to 10 ’Yib. 

Among foreign bonds, 5 per 
cent stock issued by the Chi- 
nese in 1922 and 1913 ad- 
vanced £2 to £28. Six months 
ago the Chinese Government 
held talks in Peking on the 
bonds, admitting the debt for 
the first time. 

Expectations have been 
raised in the City that they 
may now offer a settlement, 
ahead of the Queen's visit 
there next week. 

The equity market was pre- 
occupied throughout the day 

with the TSB debut The part- 
paid TSB shares opened at 
98p, giving shareholders a 
premium of almost 100 per 
cent But they went steadily 
lower and dosed at a middle 
price of 851fcp. 

Cleveland Securities, the 
licensed dealer, was offering 
84p after boars last night and 
will be keeping its Great 
Eastern Street offices open 
today and tomorrow so that 
small shareholders can call in 
to sell their shares and collect 
their cheques at the same 

The FT 30 share index 
closed at its best level of the 
day at 1265.4, down 2.7. while 
theFT-SE 1 00 share index was 
down 92 at 1S99.4 

Bine Circle, the cement 
company, stole the limelight 
among leaders putting on I5p 
to 576p. British analysts on a 
company visit to its opera- 
tions in Atlanta have been 
phoning borne with orders to 

Elsewhere blue chips were 
mostly down. Beecham lost 6p 
to 410p, BTR 5p to 295p, ICI 
5p to I109p and Lucas, de- 
spite the end to the overtime 
ban by its employees, also 
dipped 5p to 503p. Comtudds 
went against the trend, gaining 

Cadbury Schweppes, 
Britain’s biggest chocolate 
manufacturer, climbed 7p to 
l92p, to match its' all-time 
high for the year. -The shares 
have risen I9p In the past 
week, fuelled by speculation 
that United Biscuits may be 
about to bid. “We never 
comment on these rumours," 
said Mr Bob Clarke, chief 
executive of UB. “But we 

don't own any Cadbury 
stares*" be added. 

Some food analysts in the 
City are beginning to wonder 
if Cadbury might be about to 
take advantage of hs beady 
share price ana launch a bid of 


“The shares are looking 
very expensive," said one top 
analyst. “And despite all this 
bid speculation, they could 
really -be paving the way to 
launch a bid themselves." 

Oils were mostly easier on 
fears that the oil price could 
coOapse. Shell lost 13p to 
925p, BP 1 !p to 685p, Britofl 
7p to I33p and Enterprise 4p 
to I45p. Ultramar slipped I Op 
to 1 60p after Mr Ron Brier ley, 
the New Zealand business- 
man. announced that his 
Hong Kong investment arm, 
1EP Securities, bad reduced hs 
holding still further to 35.6 
million shares. He now speaks 
for 13 per cent of the com- 
pany. Some sector-watchers 
think the shares may have 
gone to Rainbow Corporation, 
an Australian investment 
group run by ambitious Mr 
Craig Heatley. If so. his4.9 per 
cent bolding will be boosted to 
5.1 percent. 

IC Gas jumped 15pto5!8p 
as patient bid speculators 
piled back into the stock for 
the new account Word is that 
the Barclay Brothers may at 
last be ready to bid, using Gulf 
Resources as their vehicle. 

Petranol, which bad eased a 
few pence early on, ended the 
day unchanged at 34p when 
the market heard that its 
planned rights issue and ac- 
quisition of Apollo Energy 
had been blocked by 
shareholders at an extraor- 
dinary meeting. 

Bridon, the ropemaker. 
caused something of a stir by 
announcing that a close 
inspection of its share register 
had revealed a build-up of 
shares under nominee hold- 
ings. One of them, is Alixan 
Securities, with 23 million 
shares (4.15 per cent). Alixan 
is ultimately controlled by 
Henry Ansbacher, the mer- 
chant bank, which has asked 
fora copy of the share register. 
Dr Ashraf Marwan, the Egyp- 

tian businessman, also speaks 
for 175 million shares (4.97 
per cent). Bridon. which has 
been lipped before as a take- 
over target, rose I8p to 14Ip 
on the news. 

DeeCorp. the Fine Fare and 
International Stores super- 
. market group, tumbled 1 3p to 
21 Sp after rumours circulating 
late on Thursday night that a 
line of 25 million shares, 
worth nearly £80 million, bad 
changed bands outside the 

Some dealers were con- 
vinced the deal had been 
pulled at the last minute after 
a disagreement over the price. 
Salomon Brothers, the big 
New York stockbroker, and 
our own James Cape! were 
thought to be the prime 
movers and acting on behalf 
of some institutions. Mean- 
while. Dee's bid for M&H 
Sporting Goods will not be 
referred to the Monopolies 

McCorqnodale, the target of 
an unwanted £145 million bid 
from Norton Opax, has pre- 
pared another line of defence 
after the breakdown of talk* 
with a “white knight", thought 
to have been Extel. Earlier this 
week the group predicted pre- 
tax profits of £14 million for 
the current year and last night 
followed up with a forecast of 

• Glaxo, the drug 
conglomerate, slid 17p to 
930p on news that it has 
dropped Xorehaool, a pain 
killer h sold under licence 
from a small American re- 
search company. The City 
had hoped it would taro oat to 
be the next big money 
spinner for Glaxo after 
Zantac, the anti-ulcer 
dreg. Glaxo ’s year-end re- 
sults, due out on Tuesday, 
are expected to show profits of 
£600 million against £400 

£17.5 million for next year. 
Dealers said it was an un- 
precedented move for a com- 
pany to make two profit 
forecasts in its own defence. 

Hargreaves Group, the en- 
ergy transport and waste dis- 
posal specialist, jumped 12p 
to 256p after Coalite, the 
chemicals group, was given 
the go-ahead to proceed with 
its bid after the Office of Fair 
Trading decided not to refer it 
to the Monopolies and Merg- 
ers Commission. 

But there is mourning 
speculation in the market that 
someone else may have been 
passing an acquisitive eye 
over Hargreaves and may 
decide to launch its own bid. 
Coalite slipped 3p to 265p 
after learning that it had been 
given the green light 


Beware, Elliott’s storm 
on industry is brewing 

John Elliott is a singular man. In the 
past few years he has built Elders IXL 
into one" of the biggest international 
brewing combines. He has assembled 
around him a young, financially 
sophisticated management team with 
a siring of takeover battle honours 
behind it. An investment offl.000 in 
Elliott's first company vehicle, Henry 
Jones, when he was fresh from a spell 
with McKinsey, the management 
consultants, has grown today to be 
worth £30,000. 

Since 1981, when Jones merged 
with Elders, the key performance 
measures have been spectacular. The 
share price has shown 23 per cent 
compound growth and earnings per 
share the same. Net income of his far- 
flung group has leapt by 40 per cent 
annually. Elliott and his team have 
taken Australia by storm. After the 
£1.4 billion purchase of Courage from 
Lord Hanson, he is poised to do the 
same on a much bigger canvas. But 
will he? 

Presently, shares of Elders IXL 
languish at a substantial discount to 
the brewing sector, though income 
from drinks will account for SO per 
cent of his operations this year. 

For the London investment scene, 
Elliott and his men represent nothing 
less than a culture shock. By the 
standards of the Beerage, they sport a 
cavalier approach. Elders has a pen- 

chant for gearing levels that would 
make the average UK. finance 
director's hair turn white. Elliott's 
philosophy is that shareholders do 
best if the equity base of his group is 
kepi tightly under control. 

At the end of 1983 Elders was 
saddled with enormous burdens of 
debt giving a gearing ratio of more 
than five-to-one after the purchase of 
Carlton United Brewery. Yet within 
18 months he had transformed the 
picture by making his assets sweat and 
unlocking cash from surplus asssets 
within the group. 

His purchase of Courage takes the 
borrowings back to more than double 
shareholders' funds. And yet last week 
some hard-headed analysis were say- 
ing that before next summer he can re- 
store that to a one-to-one basis. 

If he is successful, Britain’s more 
staid brewers will have to return to ihe 
drawing board for they will be forced 
to re-think their approach to that 
sacred cow of the industry, the so 
called lied estate. 

Having secured finance for the 
Courage deal this week. Elders is 
working on plans to securitize the 
assets locked in the 5,000 Courage 
pubs by bringing in outside investors. 
Those close to him think that over 
time he can release up to £700 million 
of cash in this way. If so his stock is 
cheap at 22 Sp. 

Chill winds of competition 

For those who earn their living in the 
Square Mile it has been a vintage year. 
In the run-up to Big Bang business has 
boomed, salaries have mushroomed 
and many have been able to capitalize 
handsomely on their past endeavours 
as they merged their business with one 
financial conglomerate or another. 

Now, though, as stockbrokers go 
through the delicate, but vital negotia- 
tions over the terms on which they 
will deal after October 27, the chill 
winds of competition are beginning to 
make themselves felt with a 

A year ago equity commissions for 
the leading brokers who aimed to 
provide a roll service to their institu- 
tional clients probably averaged a 
little more than 0.3 per cent across the 
board. The way things are headed 
levels of income like that will soon be 
no more than a fond memory of a 
never-to-be-repeated golden age. 

At the aggressive end of the market 
some brokers, in particular those with 
US partners keen to build up market 
share, are offering their best institu- 
tional clients terms of as little as 0. 1 75 
per cent. Assuming for a moment that 
the volume of business handled by the 
London market post Big Bang re- 

mains roughlv constant, the hard 
placers may be budgetting for a near 
halving of their inccr*c on equity 

Some of the more conservative 
institutions north of the border are 
said to be looking twice at this 
apparent gift-horse. For they know 
that if the cost-cutting becomes too 
fierce they will suffer the loss of other 

Most full-serv ice brokers are look- 
ing to average commissions of a little 
more than 0.2 per cent, representing a 
drop in income on unchanged turn- 
over of roughly a third. Predicting 
what will happen to turnover is 
fraught with problems. But is hard to 
see the private shareholder or the 
pension fund suddenly churning his 
portfolio cheerfully. 

Nor can the full-service brokers rely 
on their market-making operations to 
make up the lost ground. There will be 
a huge increase in equity market- 
making capacity. With little more 
than a couple of weeks to Big Bang it 
looks as though the winners are going 
to be those with the deepest purses. 

John Bell 

City Editor 

boost Tod’s 
jretax profits 

By Richard Lander 

Tod. the USM-q noted coin- 
pay which makes glass-fibre 
pats for ships and sub- 
mrines, has made an en- 
caraging start to 1986-87 
wii a 15 per cent jump in 
prtax profits from £1.17 mil- 
lia 10 £1.34 million for the 
ycr to June. 

Igures for last year showed 
a ubstantial full-year contri- 
biion from Weslbrick Plas- 
tic, another fibre products 
gf.up. which Tod bought for 
£8 million from its parent 
ctnpany C H Beazer in Au- 
gul 1985. J . 

Tod has since made further 
aquisitions and reported yes- 
tedav that Paramount Fab- 
nations and Siraeker Con- 
stuciion, both bought alter 
ih year-end, were performing 

rhe final dividend is raised 
frm 1.65p to 2p to make an 
amual total of 3.|a -° per 
col Up on 1985-86. rod 
s hres closed 3p higher at 

ys $120m 
r US firm 

^ Robert Rodwefi 

Dimptex. the Irish- 
electrical appliance 
has bought the US 
appliance manufac- 
lamilion Beach, m a 
rth $120 million (£84 

lion's goods, under a 
iiring plM, 

, Glen-Dimplexs five 
i in England, three m 
n Ireland and others 
Irish Republic, where 
:oplc are employed, 
ompany is P ull .»"S g 
lion and financing the 
.ugh US bank borrow- 
rinfy 15-year subordi- 

eal more than doubles 

mplex's i annual wrn- 
more than £300 nuj- 
i adds a further 1.700 

Complex wasfounded 
y. County, D? wn ' 
d with aid fromjjte 
Commerce. and loans 
e N1 Finance Corp- 


Big investors play it 
cool on TSB shares 

There was mild embarrass- 
ment among Sir John Read 
and his cohorts over the , silly 
opening premium on Trustee 
Savings Bank shares. But 
there was no sign of British 
Telecom hysteria on the trad- 
ing floor, and the price rap- 
idly dropped away by more 
than 15p to below 85p as 
institutional investors played 
it cool. 

That initial level may well 
be the highest the partly-paid 
shares wiD reach, and many 
small investors who did not 
receive their acceptance tel- 
lers yesterday are .likely to 
feel hard done by.- 

So for the late post has cost 
a holder of 300 shares rather 
more than £30. One wonders 
why Lazards did not simply 
delay dealing until Monday 
and the start of the new 
trading account 

The real action in the 
shares will start on Monday 
as the acceptance letters all 
come through and the stags 
start selling in earnest The 
price could dn» quite 
sharply, though n it goes 
below 80p, present evidence 
suggests that it will meet 
strong buying. 

There was institutional 
support when the price 
dipped under 85 p. and any- 
thing much lower may start 
to look like a bargain. 

The uncertainty is over 
how competitive the institu- 
tions will become when the 
selling by small shareholders 
starts to dry up, as it may do 
quite quickly. It could send 
the price oscillating back up 
again towards 9Gp. which 
would be expensive. 

At the opening price, the 
bank was trading at a vast 
premium to net asset value 
At 80p it would be at a 2 to 3 
per cent discount, a for more 
appropriate level for the 

Many of the 3.15 million 
investors will, of course, not 
self ai all. Having been led to 
exoect dazzling gains of about 
5(W) on each share, some 
Snail investors may see a -5 p 
to 30p premium as inad- 
equate and opt to be long 
term investors. 

There is certainly no shame 

in that. They are, after all, 
owners of the country's 
fourth largest bank — t houg h 
at the opening price TSB’s 
market capitalization was 
third equal with Lloyds. 


Bob Thornton, the former 
chairman of Debenhams. 
who fought a long, hard battle 
to oppose the takeover by (he 
Burton Group, was called 
back into service as non- 
executive chairman of Wool- 
tons Betterware, a soft 
furnishings and household- 
ware business, two weeks 
before its flotation on the 
Unlisted Securities Market 

The late arrival cm the 
board of Mr Thornton, the 
experienced retailer, insist all 
concerned, was not intended 
to give the company an extra 
push to ensure the ofler-for- 
sale is a success. 

Greene and Company is 
offering two million shares, 
20 percent of the business, at 
104p. On the baas of a profit 
forecast for the current year 
of £1 million against 
£720,000, the p/e of 16 seems 
a bit dear although Wooltons 
Benerware has a good trade 
record and prospects do look 

About 60 per cent of the 
business comes from making 
and selling curtains, blinds 
and other home funushisgs 
through 78 of its own 
branches and concessions 
with companies such as War- 
ing & Gillow, Brentfords and 
Harris Queensway. 

Betterware operates 
through a streamlined sates 
force backing up a four- 
times-a-year catalogue offer- 
ing kitchen and tableware, 
bathroom, garden and car- 
care products. 


If you saw a white knight 
galloping pas* this week leav- 
ings damsel in distress, it was 
probably Extel. 

McOorqucKfote w iff have to 
look around for another 
suitor if it is to fight off 
Norton Opax’s unwelcome 

The extent to which the 
institutions encouraged Extel 

to ignore McCorquodate's 
entreaties is undear. No 
doubt many were reminded 
of the fall in ExteTs share 
price after the last bout of 
corporate activity. 

It is hard to justify the price 
paid for Dealers' Digest. 
Even McCorquodaJe did not 
hesitate long before accepting 
the offer for its 25 per cent 
holding. Extel’s supporters 
believe there is a synergy 
which will open up opportu- 
nities for cross-fertilization of 
ideas and products. 

In 1985/86, sports and 
financial services contributed 
£6.2 million to the total 
trading profit of £14.6 mil- 
lion. Sport is estimated to 
account for £3.5 million. 
Extel has foiled to secure the 
Racecourse Association's lu- 
crative satellite television 
communication contract so 
profits from this source could 
rail by about £2 million. 
Dealers’ Digest will have to 
be instrumental in making up 
this lost ground. 

Hyperactive corporate 
financiers have boosted 
printing profits; they are also 
benefiting from the flotations 
of the TSB and British Gas. 
Publishing activities are 
performing well although 
computer services are Dot 
fully recovered 

Extel needs to gain a new 
momentum if it is to fight off 
a Maxwell bid next spring. 
With an unfriendly 25 odd 
per cent shareholding casting 
a shadow over the business it 
is hard to see where this wfl] 
come from. 

On a pretent year forecast 
of £19 million, the shares are 

standing on a p/e ratio of 14. 1 

Robert Maxwell may use 
the price paid for Dralera' 
Digest as a reason for 
towards the' 

400p-450p price land. At 
425p the historic exit p/e 
would be 17.1 times. Mr 
Maxwell no doubt feels he 
can justify this price by 
revitalizing the operation. 

In the meantime, as bid 
speculation waxes and wanes, 
the shares provide good trad- 
ing opportunities. 

If you’re about to invest in a pension plan 
make sure it’s the best on the mar,^ et * 





r .,r rv ^ v ■ SCOTTISH ALBANY 
SCHRODER | | With Profits I MoWW* 

W I ~ I I 

I I — I — 


Value of Pension Fund over 10 yeajrs to 1st April 1986. 

SourraMonry Man*Rrmrm, AuguM IHSfi 

Assumes 120 monthly premiums of S 100 "Amouni lnvusird l Allowing for lax relief al :iU M n) 

** Target soars head and shoulders above ail 
rivals in the pensions field ** 

The Times, Saturday 26Ui January 1985. 

If you"re self-employed or the director of a 
private company, you’ll know all about Ihe lax 
advantages of investing in a pension plan. 

Your biggest problem will be selecting the 
best from the rest Obviously, the most important 
factor will be the size of your pension fond when 
you eventually retire. 

** Target Managed is unquestionably thr^ 
Steve Cram of investment performance 

Money Manaitemrni. October IBrtii. 

What it doesn't show, however, is lhal the 
Tbrgei Plan has oul -performed all other personal 
pension plans over the Iasi ten years. 

What's more, only the Target plan provides 
you with a guaranteed l< win back facility* enabling 
you to draw on your investment whenever ymi 
like, with no additional management charges. 

' Indeed the best performing contract in the ** Prize for the most outstanding performance 

rvey was linked to Target’s Managed Fund ** of the decade must stiLI go to Target Managed** 

The Daily Telegraph, Saturday Slsi December 1983. 

All too often, this decision is taken as a result 
of comparing protected growth figures, whereas 
the only realistic basis for comparison is achieved 
growth. The table above compares the actual 
results of an investment in the Tkiget Personal 
Pension Plan - linked to the 'forget Managed 
Pension Rind -with two 
leading with profits 
policies and three other 
unit linked plans invested 
in managed funds. 



Motif? Magazine. February 1986. 

And. with forget you're tint committed to 
keeping up a regular payment. You may vary ihe 
level of your investment to suit your personal 
circumstances. Except, of course, with a growth 
record like oure, we think yniill warn to invest 
more rather than less. Tb find out more, fill 
out and return the ftwposi 
coupon below, or phone 
0290 5941 and ask for the 
Client Services Department. 

■Subjwi In k-%rJ of fn raw im and Nf>HTtl> 



Please l« me have luruier details ofthe Target Pension Plan. 
— Occupation 





Send to: Dept. MF, Target Group PLC, FREEPOST. Aylesbury, Bucks HP1 9 .TV A. 





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Leading equities drift lower* 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began on September 29. Dealings ended yesterday. §Con tango day on Monday. Settlement day October 20. 

^Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

— 8 old — 



£ 8.000 



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Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your duly totals 
for the weekly dividend of £8.000 in 
today's newspaper. 




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Growth Equity 

Blue- Chip iwnH 

Like most of our trusts, 
Growth Equity's purpose is long 
term capital growth. However; its 
distinguishing feature is the em- 
phasis our investment team 
places upon blue-chip British 

In the top third 

The combination of blue- 
drip investments, plus holdings 
in proven companies on the way 
up. provides just the sort of 
diversified base that makes 
Growth Equity an extremely 
good bet for a canny investor. 

A broad spread of risk, 
though, doesn't necessarily mean 
a low return. Growth Equity's 
performance places it 28th out 
of93 similar trustsf— in feet well 
within the top third over the 3 
years aiding 1st October, 1986- 

Now’s the time 
to apply 

Falling inflation plus growth 
in the economy is putting more 
money in peoples pockets. Given 
die trusts very substantial con- 
sumer goods investments, this 
augurs extremely well for the 

Property Shore North American 

The most successful trust 
in its field 

Over the three years ending 
1st October 1986, this mist has 
proved the best performer of afl 
trusts in its field. 

The trust's aim is to provide 
investors with a specialist fund of 
carefully selected property shares, 
and this has the great advantage 
of avoiding the problems of direct 
property ownership. The stocks 
are easily tr a nsferred, allowing us 
to switch quickly to any promis- 
ing company at will. 

Why ids been so 

n ailsranfirng 

Our award winning invest- 
ment team has opted for a 
policy of backing the new 
breed of property developers 
and traders; and a major portion 
of the trust's holdings is in- 
vested in these more dynamic 

That, plus our avoidance of 
speculative investments, is a pol- 
icy that’s proved as successful as 
it has proved safe, for from its 
launch in May 1983 to 9th 
October 1986, the Property 
Share Trust has grown by a 
breathtaking 167%? • 

Steriing /doHar rate 
greatly unproved 

Launched in March 1983, 
the trust s aim is long term capital 
growth through a broad-based 
portfolio of American equities. 

Until recently the American 
marker was a disappointing one 
for British investors. The position 
now; however; is very different, 
due to the more favourable 
sterling/dollar rate (and seems 
likely to stay that way), 
ffell Street climbing 

With the fell in oil prices, 
lower interest rates, and the 
strong climb that Wall Street has 
shown since November, now's 
the time to invest in this trust. 
And especially so once you realise 
that our results have been con- 
sistently better than the average 
for similar trusts. 

Detailed in v estm e n t research 

Much of our investment 
team's time has been spent 
researching the American 
market — often with personal 
vises to the companies in which 
die trust has holdings. In a 
competitive market like Wall 
Street it's just this sort of attention 
to detail that gives us the edge. 


A proven success 
The aim of the trust is — like 
most of our trusts — long term 
capital growth. In this instance 
through a portfolio of exclusive- 
ly European equities. But how 
has if performed? As our figures 
will show; extremely weH 

One of the top per form ers 
amongst all unit trusts 

Launched in April 1984, our 
European Trust had grown by 
164% by the 9th October 1986* 
making it one of the leading trusts 
in its category 

Our investment managers 
have achieved this high perfor- 
mance withp wide geographical 
spread of carefully selected 

Analytical depth 

Nothing succeeds in evalua- 
ting a company like thorough 
financial analysis. And, rather 
than following the crowd, our 
investment team travels widely 
co meet with companies that 
they’re planning on investing in. 
The result? A far better under- 
standing of that company’s affairs 
than oould be achieved by desk 
research alone. 

Exceptionally high 

Since its launch in April 1983, 
our Pacific Trust has shown itself 
do be an extremely high perfor- 
mer over the three years to 1st 
October 1986, it ranked eighth 
amongst all twenty eight similar 
trusts*, and by 9th October 
1986 had achieved a growth of 

Why has this Pacific trust 
done so well? 

As with any investment port- 
folio. there are many reasons. 
However, principal amongst 
them is our knowledge of the 
Japanese market — currently the 
major part of our portfolio — plus 
our overview of the regiorisother 
market opportunities. 

As regards Japan, ware expec- 
ting considerable stimulation of 
the internal economy which will 
result in increased consumer ex- 
penditure — and the trust is well 
placed to take advantage of this. 

The rest of our holdings are 
invested in such countries as 
Australia, Singapore, New Zea- 
land, Korea and Thailand. The 
current performance of the last 
two points to them becoming 
powerful markets for the future. 


Guardhill Smaller Companies 

A huge trust with a solid 

With assets of over €200 
million. Guar dhill is one of the 
largest and most solid of all unit 
trusts. Its also one of the longest 
established (1967). One of the 
minority of mists to go through 
the 1974 bear market (and come 
out in good shape), Guardhill is 
the ideal mist for the cautious 

A careful spread of British 

The aim of Guardhill is 
slightly different id that of most 
of our unit trusts, to provide 
growth of income as well as capi- 
tal. The Guardhill portfolio is in- 
vested in British stocks only: and 
its size, solid growth and extrem- 
ely large spread of risk make it 
one of the most reliable perform- 
ers amongst aQ. unit trusts. 

Many holdings currently 

That's the opinion of our in- 
vestment ream: viz. relative ro 
rhe rest of the market, many of 
the companies in which the trust 
has holdings are worth more 
than their current valuation 
would indicate— a very good 
reason for investing now. 

Every company is carefully 

Aimed at above-average 
capital return from smaller com- 
panies (mostly UK. based) our 
Smaller Companies Trust has 
shown excellent growth since its 
launch in May 1983; 109% up 
by 9th October; 1986* 

The reason for the crusts 
success is no secret Were un- 
usually fortunate in having 
some of die best research facili- 
ties in the City Not only do we 
have over 20 specialised analysts, 
but our investment team often 
goes out to visit companies in 
the field. With the Big Bang 
likely to produce cuts in re- 
search facilities elsewhere, this 
puts us in pole position for 
administering a smaller com- 
panies trust 

Ideal conditions 
for growth 

The present political and 
economic dimate looks most en*i 
couraging for smaller companies. 
With the predicted growth in the 
economy falling inflation and 
continuing good company results, 
this is currently a most interest- 
ing investment area. 

As at 9th October; the offer price 
of units was 204 °p and the estimated 
current gross yield was 2.12% pa. 

Income, less income tax, is distri- 
buted on 30th June and 31 m December 
each yew; or can be rem vested tn the 
mm d you prefer. 

As at 9th October; the offer price 
of units was 284. Ip and the estimated 
ament gross v»dd was 1 40% pa. 

Income. less income tax, is distri- 
buted on 23th February and 3 1st August 
each yeat; or can be reinvested in the 
trnsuf you prefer 

Aa at 9db October; the offer price 
of units was 148.8p and the estimated 
current gross yield was 1.40% p-a. 

Income, less income tax, is auto- 
matically reinvested in the trust on 
I5th May and 15th November each year. 

Bemember that the price of units, and the income from them, can go down as well as up. 

As at 9th October, the offer price 
of units was 28 1. Op and the estimated 
current gross yield W3S 1.00% pa. 

Income, less income tax, is auto- 
matically reinvested in the trust on 
15th January and 15 ch July each year. 

As at 9th October; the offer price 
of units was 267-Op and rite estimated 
current gross yield was 0 Jl% pa. 

Income, less income tax. is auto- 
matically reinvested in the trust on 
15 th May and l5di November each year. 

As at 9th Oaobei; the offer price 
of unis was 27&lp and the estimated 
current gross yield was 2.99% pa. 

Income, less income tax, is distri- 
buted on 31st Match and 30th 
September each yean or can be rein- 
vested in the trust if you prefer. 

As at 9th October, the offer price 
of units was 22 3. Op and the estimated 
cunenc gross yield was 1.74% p4L 

Income, less income tax. is auto- 
matically reinvested in the mist on 
15th May and 15th November each year. 

*Offer to bid, excluding reinvested income. tPlanned Savings statistics. 

GENERAL INFORMATION! Applications will be acknowledged on day of receipt. Cernficates will fcDowwi dan 42 dzvs Re m i menttio p will be paid to qualified intermedia ri es. Rates are available on request. Incnni^ few kniw i^ y fa prrk-r- py rrirrngemH 

m the Trust at six-monthly intervals. See abovg lor decals. Uruthokleis are sent tax vouchers and details ot'chetr revised umthokliogs tin the case of reinvestment! mice a year Reports on the prepress of the Trust are included with each rax uotn4v»r Hkrr ih,nirm 
are ‘gtMemed by the Trior Deed for each trust, which stipulates the nwdmiim charges. border to keep the charges as low as possibk the initial chaigeis nw 5°a, which ts included m the offer price of units, and the anruialservia? charge. Ixeed on the value of the Trust and detboedfinn 
its income, is »% (plus VAT) except far Gu ardh il l . where the initial charge is 3!Vu and (he annual service charge is ^ I plus VaT). Should these charges be Caned, at least 3 monthsnoooe will be given. Prices and yields are quoted daily in die national Unis 

can be cashed at any time at the bid pnee ruling on receipt of instructions to seiL Pavment will normally be made immediately upon receipt of the renounced oercficatrisl. The Trustee is Midland Bank Trust Company Limited. Tht» Mara t— m ri m^n iu,l 1 1 ^ 

Managers Limited, NLA Tower; 12- lb Addiscombe Rond, Croydon CR9 oBP Member of the Unit Trust Association. arc v/uarman msyai nsenange umt 

| To Guardian Royal Exchange J 
Unit Managers Limited, 

I NLA ’lower, 12*16 Addoseombe I 
I Road, Croydon CR9 68P. I 

, Telephone 01-688 9903. , 

| Res No 915719 | 

I L/Wr enclose 7 1 ■ 

mv/our cheque for — 1 l 

for investment in GRE Growth Equity * 

I Trust at the current offer pnee upon die I 
terms of the Trust Deed I minimum tnmal J 
investment 250 units) 

I lAYc bercbv instruct you to register the ] 
holding as set out below 9 

I IAVe authorise the reinvestment of mv/ • 
our mcmnem the purchase of [ — | I 

further units. . ' — J ■ 

• ThL 4 frqiiml 


Tb Gu ard i an Royal Exchange | 
Unit Managers Limited, 

NLA Tower. \2-V6 Addiscombe 1 
Road, Croydon CR9 6BP. I 

Telephoned 1 -688 9903. . 

Reg. No 915719 I 

I/We enclose £ I . 

my/our cheque for.- J I 

for investment in GRE Property Share * 
Trust at (he current offer price upon the I 
terms of the Trust Deed (minimum tniral | 
investment 250 units). 
lAMe hereby instruct YOU to repsrer the I 
holding asset out bekm; I 

1/We authorise the reinvestment of mv/ . 

our income m the purchase ot | — j I 

further unto. _ . ‘ — \ ' 

Tul e ’cortfoi . 

irkMC Maw Mt.'Mtv Mat Mwvl 
forena m es mfi ill 




forenames m full 

TTb, .Ar is na opm in resdew, 
rt the Brpjbh ; rt hriUnd 

I n me 




lo Guardian Royal Exchange f 
Unit Managers Limited. 

NlATbwtr, 12-16 Addiscombe ] 
Road, Croydon CR9 6BP. 3 

Telephone! 01-688 9905. > 

Reg No. 9 157 19 J 

I/Ufe endow [7 I , 

my/our cheque for: ) I 

for investment in GRE North American * 
Trust at the current offer price upon the J 
terms of the Trust Deed iimnimiim initial I 

investment 250 unto). 

I/We hereby instruct you to register the I 
holding as set our below | 

IAVe authorise the reinvestment of mv/ . 
our income m die purchase of liitrher ( 
units. I 



i Pleas- me Mr/ Mil/ Mv Mnw I 

forenames m full a 

Tb Gua r dia n Royal Exchange 
Unit Managers Limited, 
NLATbwai 12-16 Addiscombe 
Road, Croydon CR9 6BP. 
Telephones 01-688 9903. 

Reg. No.915719 

I/Wr enclose Hr 

my/our cheque for I 

for investment in GRE European Trust 
at the current offer price upon the terms 
of the Trust Peed (minimum initial 
investment 250 units). 

1/We hereby insnucr you to register the 
folding as set our below- 
l/ttb authorise the rein vestment of mv/ 
our income in the purchase of further 


Surname -™. 

HVb< «aie Mi/Mis/Mj/MmJ 

foren a mes in f u l l— .. _ — 

io Guardian Royal Exchange 
Unit Managers Limited, 

NLA Tomer, 12-16 Addiscombe 
Road, Croydon CR9 6BP. 
Telephone* 01-688 9903. 

Reg. No.915719 

1/Wrendose £ 

my/our dieque for: L, 
for investmenr in GRE Radik Trust at :the 
current offer price upon the terms of the 
Trust Deed (minimum initial investment 

250 units). 

1/We hereby instruct you to register die 
holding as ser out below: 

IAVe authome the reinvestment of my/ 
our income in die purchase of further 



(PJme so® M» 

forename Infill] ' 

TbG na rdia n Royal Exc han g e 
Unit Managers Limited, 

NLA Tower, 17-is 
Road, Croydon CR9 6BP. 
Telephone! 01-688 9903. 

Reg. No.915719 

I/ttfe enclose 7 

my/our cheque Ion _ 

for investment in GuaidhiD Trust at die 
current offer price upon die terms of the 
Trust Deed (minimum initial investment 
50 unis). 

1/W? hereby instruct you to register the 
holding as «i out below. ' 

I/Vfe authorise the rein vestment of mv/ 
our income in the purchase rtf t — i 

farther turns. I — 1 



(Please naic Mr/Miv'Mv'Jkfa.l 
forenames in full 

Tb Guardian Royal Exchange 
Unit Managers 1 miins l | 

NLA Tower, IZ-16 Addiscombe 
Road, Croydon CR9 6BP. 
Telephone, 01-668 9903. . 

Reg. No.915719 

I/We enclose 7” * 

my/our cheque for: L- 

for investment m GRE Smaller 
Companies Trua at the current offer 
price upon the terms of the Trnsr Deed 
(minimum initial investment 250 units). 
[/We hereby instruct you to register the 
holding as set out below. 

I/Wf authorise the reinvestment of my/ 
our income in the purchase of farther 


I Phase uoie Mr/Mb/ My Mm) 
forenames mfuD . 

Tiw oflScf b iw .mi ro marines 
#if lhe Rejvbln m JfeLni 


. ^ 

'^ 5ffi Nes 

%l i.r ,h 1 


family MONEY /1 

Edited by Peter Gartland 

The windfall with interest 


Tert }' Browi L a Marks 
ihlr n< ? r f ? reman - arrived at 
^■ GoS S ahPark Hotel in his 
X Newcastle upon Tvne 

^in a> ^ ,Syear he ***" h e 
#as m lor a nice surprise. 

, w ? s fi% aware that 
long with two work coi- 
^gues he was about to be 

resented with a cheque b?tte 
omedian Lennie Bennett for 
LiU/ewoods pools win. 

It was the size of the win 

him - close on 
.900.000 in total - of which 

?o!?r^n sh . are - ^ a cool 
.-90000. It is the stuff of 

hich dreams are made, even 
or people who do not do the 
ools themselves. 

couldn’t sleep for two 
ighls before that,” explains 
--year-old Terry. One thine 
'as certain. With a windfell of 
early £300,000. life would 
ever be quite the same again 
>r Terry, his wife Shirley and 
»eir two sons, Stephen, aged 
gnt, and Ian, aged six. After 
.^Jcrry- s take-home pay was 
>50 a month. 

The day that changed the 
ves of the Brown family 
ryond imagination was May 
the last full day of the 1985- 
> Football League pro- 
amme. There were nine 
ore draw-s that day, and 
?rry and his syndicate col- 
agues had eight of them. 
After the thought of riches 
tgan to sink in. Terry tde- 
toned Littlewoods that eve- 
>ng to stake his claim. Then 
: asked his mother to babysit 
hile he took Shirley out fora 
rink at the local. “I couldn’t 
)eak to anyone in the pub, 
ot even Shirley. I just sat 
tere.” says Terry. On Sunday 
ittlewoods rang back to co fi- 
rm that there was a lot of 
toney involved. That was 
allowed by a visit fh>m a 
.ittlewoods representative, 
/ho estimated a total win of 
■600.000. h turned out to be 
Jmost 50 per cent higher than 

After the hoopla of the 
ireseniation and the obliga- 
ory splashing of champagne 
in the party frocks, Terry's 
houghis turned to how to 
.pend the money. 

His initial ambitions were 
nodes! enough for a man who 
tad just been given a tax-free 
:heque for nearly £300,00 Gl 
S hirley went to visit an old 
Triend in Aberdeen while 
Terry chose himself a new 
E 1 2.000 Toyota and picked np 
the bill for a weekend trip to 
Blackpool for his local football 

£30,000 mortgage 
for the tax relief 

learn, ihe Ben well Blues- He 
also bought his brother a new 
:ar. made gifts to other rel- 
atives and paid out £23.000 
for a new house for his 

Terry and his family have 
since moved into their own 
four-bedroom detached 
house, Shirley’s dream home. 
Even though they could afford 
to pav the £65,000 asking price 
Duirighl. they sensibly chose 
to take out a £30.000 mortgage 
to get the tax relief! 

But that aU left a lot of 
monev still in the kitty — ■ 
£200.000. to be precise. The 
question was what to do with 
h. Initially, the money was put 
Dn deposit at his local Barclays 
but, realizing there 

Champagne for a winner; Ten? Brown, left, celebrates his pools scoop. Right: Alan Mackay, his financial adviser 

It was then that the manag- 
ing director ofBBN’s financial 
services division, Alan 
Mackay, flew up to Newcastle 
to meet Terry and his co- 
winners and ended up advis- 
ing all three of them on their 
financial future. 

Mr Mackay explains that 
because Maries & Spencer had 
introduced his firm as in- 
dependent advisers and be- 
cause BBN had prepared 
detailed reports, Terry and his 
colleagues soon began to relax 
and become enthusiastically 
involved in their own money 

While the detailed plans 
were being worked out. Mr 

Drawing up wills 
was a priority 

Mackay's first recommenda- 
tion was that Terry's winnings 
were transferred from bank 
deposit to the Yorkshire 
Building Society's Platinum 
Key Account. That move in 
itself meant that instant access 
to the money was retained but 
that the rate of interest it was 
earning increased by 2 percent 
net of tax. 

At the same tune Mr 
Mackay also gave priority to 
arranging for lawyers to draw 
up and execute mils for both 
Terry and Shirley. It was 
something they felt they had 
never had to think about in 
the past. 

In fact, the whole subject of 
inheritance lax planning took 
priority, with the wills being 
drawn up in such a way that 
Terry and Shirley would leave 
everything to each other and 
then their children, with the 
exception that a sum of 
£71,000 would pass to each of 
the children on the first pa- 
rental death, makingthe plan- 
ning even more efficient 
under current tax legislation. 

Then came the detailed 
investment recommenda- 
tions. Mr Mackay proposed 
that i 30,000 should be left in 
the Yorkshire Platinum Key 
Account for emergencies. So 
£170,000 was taken out with 
the intention that Terry’s net 
monthly income should be 

branch but, realizing mere A total of £80,000 was split 
musl be more profitable ways equally between 10-year in- 
of making his money work for come plans with Norwich 
him. Terry sought help from Union and Sun Alliance to 
Marks & Spencer, which in give a fixed rate of return of 9 
turn asked investment advis- per cent as a monthly income, 
ers Bern . Birch and Noble to Both these insurance policies 
gr ve their ad vice. are combined annuity 

endowment contracts which 
mature after 10 years free of 
tax and in the meantime pay a 
9 per cem net income. 

A further £1 0,000 (£5,000 in 
Teny's name and £5.000 in 
Shirley’s) was {Hit into the 3 1 st 
issue of National Savings 
certificates, which pays 7.85 
per cent a year, free of all tax. 

With the building blocks in 
place as far as security of 
income was concerned, it was 
then important to introduce 
some measured risk for 
longer-term growth bur with- 
out any direct exposure to 
individual equity investment 

So the next step was to split 
a total of £45.000 into three 
equal parts. One £15,000 
chunk went into a Scottish 
Mutual single premium 
growth bond in order, as Mr 
Mackay puis it, “to give 
flexibility on income with a 5 
cent a year withdrawal 

The second £1 5.000 tranche 
went into Henderson's Prime 
Residential Property Fund, 
which, as its name suggests, 
puts Investors* money into the 
classier sorts of property that 
you see around the Regent's 
Park and Soane Square dis- 
tricts of London. They are 
usually let out to diplomats 
and London-based American 
businessmen and they are 

Finandai review 
every six months 


usually too expensive to be 
subject to rent control 

Mr Mackay’s recommenda- 
tion for the third £15,000 
chunk was a five-way equal 
split into unit trusts. To give 
an international spread and 
provide a capital growth 
emphasis, £3,000 went into 
each of the following funds — 
Gartmore Global. Equity & 
Law North America, Hender- 
son European, M&G Recov- 
ery. and Prudential UK 

' A further £30,000 has gone 
into Norwich Union's Growth 
Phut, which is estimated to 
grow free of tax to around 
£85,000 by 1996. 

Back to budding society 
investment. Sums of £1,200 
each for both Terry and 
Shirley went into Bradford 
and Bingley's High Yield 
SAYE Plan with a further 
£1.000 going into BAB'S 
Prosperity Plan, a 10-year 

Be an investon even if 
you can’t be a banker. 


mi , _ llro .j Gnwp.*dnt 6 M*csa 61 tthedW 19 U 3 and assets in 

cash retlimea. _ 

Hbdi IW csuUtthtd m 19(0 and lUfc imil JBU ni 

cash reuinicu. ^^ 0 <ii( 00 nnU»fKocme^ilwUJl^lia^ins«^groop» 

invest now and you can benefit 


. _ r. A ;ilfu tn anohr for shares in I T ~ Municipal life Assxtrstnce Ltd, 



he able to use a - — . 

loan facility to apply for shares m 
British Gasor other new issues- 

The Bond is linked to the new MLA 

1W A TnV estment Fund which brings | ncase send me further faifoni 

time two of the mat MLA «brld!nvc OTim .F t md. 

gits#? - — 

When you invest, your money is dm- 
. r i, e two and in addition to a 

de lwSespread of investments which 

VC 7Z*riS you could benefit from rapid 
reducesnsk.J^cg launc h, each trust 

bv over 3046 a year on average 

1 ll.-IO 

Ter- Municipal Life Assurance Ltd-, 

37-41 Old Queen Street, Westminster, 
London SWi 
Please send roe further information about the 

hi a uhrlH Invisrmrtit Fund. 

Financial Adviser (if any). 

. \n \ mean 

Tti No Pre- 

contract linked to the Home- 
owners Friendly Society. 

Any gaps in this package? 
Some people might argue that 
more emphasis should be put 
on long-term protection such 
as permanent heahh cover. 

Against that there are two 
arguments. First, with so 
much capital to draw on, 
Terry will not run into finan- 
cial difficulty even if his 
income were to dry up. 

Secondly, with Marks & 
Spencer's known reputation as 
a caring employer, bis income 
would be secure even in the 

event of several months of 
disablement. The company 
had already demonstrated that 
by paying his wages during a 
four-month absence from 
work in 1985 when he was 
recovering from an Achilles 
tendon operation. 

In any event, Mr Mackay 
intends to review Terry’s 
financial situation at least 
every six months. There could 
be even more money to invest 
soon. Terry says he has come 
dose to winning the pools 
again just in the past few 

Peter Gartland 


act of Life 

British National 

£5.000 invested with 
us 3 years ago 
is now worth £1L760. 

You would have made a very good decision and invested in the best performing 
unit-linked UK fund - British National Liles Equity Fund. O'er the last three years 
this fund has convincingly out-performed the held of 113 other funds with a growth 
of 135.2*0* However, the facts are even better since your investment is complUdyfrce 
of capital gaii is and baste income tax. 

How do we achieve such good results? Solid and consistent investment skills, 
seeking out the best opportunities for growth , which have regularly placed our hinds 
ar rhe top of the performance charts. You can be sure of our backing too. since British 
National Life is owned by Citicorp the worlds leading financial institution with assets 
over £120 billion. 

Don’t miss the opportunity again, invest with British National Life the clear 
market leader in unit-linked UK funds over the last three years. So. while unit 
prices can fall and growth cannot be guaranteed, your investment is in the hands of 
the leader. 

Send the coupon today and get more facts from British National Life. 

* Source Money Management liguic, air the o!(rf mh! -Tri pne* -S.-iet ihnx wm ;»uhii,hrJ ■» ihe CVi.-t-ri mur 

1 am interested in: Lump sum investment Q Regular savings Q (plnw n.-Li 
Please send me more information. 







Home Tel No: 


Business Tel. No 

Send k> British Nanonal Life Assurance Company Limned. 
FREEPOST, Haywards Heath. RH16 3Z A. 

Telephone: Haywards Heath (0 4+1 1 414111. 

British Nation^ ASLJBSOIAJ?Y_t^^_^^71K^QRPiO | 

Henderson European Income Trust 

The Land of Opportunity. 


Europe, in terms of total return, promises some of 
the most rewarding investment opportunities. 

Henderson with probably London’s most 
experienced European investment team, now launches 
its European Income Trust. 

With falling inflation, European governments 
boosting local industry and, generally, a much broader 
participation in European stockmarkets by domestic and 
international investors, we believe now is the 
ideal time to create an income orientated fund. 

Henderson European Income Trust will be 
invested to provide an estimated initial gross annual 
income yield of 4.5% (11.10.86) 
phis an excellent expectation of 
capital growth. 

This trust complements 
Henderson’s existing 
European portfolio, from 
which the Henderson 
European Thtst, measured 
over the last ten years comes 
first for performance in comparison 
to other European trusts. (Planned Savings 1.10.86.) 

The experience that has produced this unrivalled 
record has determined the mix between high yielding 
equities, bonds and cash which will comprise the portfolio 
of this new Trust. 

Minim um holding is £500 or £25 per month 
through the Henderson Investment Builder 

And of course, with no one better than Henderson 
to manage your European investment, there’s no better 
time to start than the present. 

To mark the launch of the Henderson European 
Income Trust, we are making a launch price offer of 50 
pence per unit until 31st October 1986. After the initial 
fixed price offer doses, units may be bought at the current 
daily price. 

You should remember that the price of units and 
the income from them can go down as well as up and 
you should regard any investment as long term. 


Distribution of income will be paid on 31a March and 30th September, the firs payment 
bring on 30th September 1987. The initial estimated gjross annual yield is 4.S< (11.10-86). 

Contract mates will be issued and unit certificates will be provided within right weeks 
of payment. To sell units endorse vour certificate and send h to the managers; payment 
based on the ruling bid price will normally be nude within seven working days. 

Unit Trusts are not subject to capita! gains tax: moreover a unit holder will not pay 
this tax on a disposal of units unless his total realised gains from all sources in the tax year 
amount to more than £6300 (1986/7). Prices and yields can be (bund daily in the national 

An initial cfiarqr of 5 1 of the assets (equivalent of 5 s : of the issue price) is made 
by die managers and is included in the price of the units when issued. Out of die initial 
charge, managers pay remuneration to qualified intermediaries, rates available on request. . 

An annual charge of 1< (plus VAT) on the value of the Trust will be deducted from 
the gross income to cover administration costs, with a provision in die Trust Deed to 
increase this to a maximum of 2 ; : on giving three months written notice to the unit holders. 

Trustees: Midland Bank Trust Company Ud., 11 Old Jewry, London EC2R 8DL- 

Managers: Henderson UmtTrusi Management Ltd_ 26 Finsbury Square. 

London EC2A IDA. (Registered Office). Registration Number: 836263 England. 

A member of the Unit Trust Association. 



lo: Henderson Una Trua Manapcremt Lti. Dealing Dep ar tment. $ Rjvlrtph Raul. Hutton. Brentwood. 

EsmCMUIAAMIyn-tthroiHVf'aE .mrumiimESOTJiniheHfniJiYWH'i European Income 

Tnistii the lunch price otaOp per urn and endow achoqurpayaUeioHendervn Unit Tnm Muupmcnt 
Limited. Il you wish la tuiciwi mvane rrinroird plebc ekL.D 

l/TOr wkhioiniN £ per mom himiminiiin ElSun the Header wn European Income Trutf 


I indenckBeaebequetar ibrhnt inoatn<.imc*ment piytMrto i-irnatewnumt iruM sunapmmt umura. 

Details an bon to make subsequent payments <m]I be srm to sou on receipt ol i ho coupon. Pkase send 
I separate dxquesiit-ou wish to unmi both a lump sum and a momhh subscramon. Tins Mler mil close at 
5-VCpm on Friday October 31 IKJb.Aher ihedourollbisnnounruBillbrasauablr 


Joim applicants nrnu sign and anach toll names and addresses separaieii-. 

draiihcdaily quumlpnec. 

Mr . Mrs Title- 

.forcnamcis) ui fulL 




| SiffU ttrf f 

| Mi Piofctsiwnl Adviser is. 


.Da nr_ 



Tim oher it not available to residents o< the Republic of Ireland. 

Henderson European Income Trust 

Henderson. The Investment Managers. 




iSarah H&fijria&igs I 



r if» 

To rmncf^ with .die introduction of Traded Options 
' - in 


Friday 10th October 1986 
and ip. preparation for de-regulation of 
The Stock Exchange 
•. on 

- . . Monday 27th.. October 1986 


For more information contact your stockbroker or, for 
a free leaflet, write to 


Ref: QDGTT, The Stock Exchange, London EC2N 1HP. 



-arc pleased to announce the opening of the 


This is a significant development in . Private 
Client Services. We've put together a fine team - one 
you’ll find- committed, enthusiastic, experienced and 
very pleasant to deal wtih. It’s backed by the best 
research in the city. 

In the market after Big-Bang, it will be vital for 
the Private Investor to develop an irivolvment in dais 
exciting and, for many already, highly profitable 
growth sector. We shall be offering Advisory and 
Dealing-only .services, to make investing in Traded 
Options simple to. understand, and easy to effect. 

01-621 OOII 

before signing then 
imoniy require legal 
ensue that titty arc 
very high standards 


Franchising: should controls be tighter? 

Today is the second day of fiwthrae-day Whether the Industry should be left to tion to fianchis 

National Franchise Exhibition at the regulate itself in this manner is another np. Frandusm 
Kensington Exhibition Centre in west question. “SJ 

London- It rom cs at an inte resting time wtatcaabe said with certainty is that .SdSdSLT 

gMof franddsjng.. thae «e way genuine people operating “ST 

festment Industry is preparing foutchlses, asdamSt many of these are .“JLS 

InancW Sente Bm, wUdS Smite of SiBritiS Franchise 
t to regulate itselftoaJevd over Assodation. Most people within the 

stiteanss; sSSSssSSS 

law. specific to franchising. *B^T^UcAtfr«gnm, 

tde assodathm for franchisors. In the United States there arc laws row has a Qm on 

g to improve the ways in wfakk which focus on the requirement of 
te members. franchisors to disclose material mfonna- covered oit August z 


The investment indastry Is preparing 
for ' the Financial Sendees Bin, which 
requires it to regulate itself to aJevd over 
and above the dictates of tbe general law. 
Franchising, however, curren tly enjoys 
complete .freedom from such 
hardens. : 

Franchising in this cramtry Is some- 
what at the crossroads cm .the pa (h to 
neater regulation sod control. The 
British Franchise Association, the vol- 
untary trade association for franchisors, 
is planning to improve tbe ways in which 
it polices its members. 

tion to frandiis 
op. Franchisors 
advice in order 
complying with 
*of disclosure 
The req 

relevant ii 
the Financial 
just for in 
your life SO' 

The as 
to make < 

American req 

+ BBC2’s The Aton^y ProgrttmrM tomor- 
row has a film cm Ihe stray of the La 
Mama franchise w^fch Family Money 
covered on August 2 

requires its members 

on a par 

The chairman’s debts 

ms Cnpd ft Gh, Jones Cnpd Hoose 
6 Beds Marks, London EC3A 7JQ. 

Dick Crook is widely known 
in the franchising indastry as 
Britain's leading franchise 
consoltant - advising franchi- 
sors, actual arprospective, on 
the best ways to set up and 
operate a franchise. 

He is chairman of an 
organization called the Fran- 
chise Consultants Associ- 
ation. which be says was set up 
to “sort out the good guys 
from the bad guys" in the 
franchise consultancy 

He is the driving force 
behind Franchise investors 
Ltd. This is financed by City 
institutions to invest in fran- 
chises. It is an affiliate of the. 
British Franchise Association. 

- Mr Crook is also known as 
the person who successfully 
launched the car hire firm. 
Budget Rent-a-Car in Europe. 
He used to appear on tele- 
vision advertising Midas ex- 
hausts. “Could I be a crook 
with a name like mine?” was, 
he says, the slogan he used. 

Documents obtained by 
The Times show that Mr 
Crook has been the chairman 

of two companies which went 
into liquidation with debts 
between them . of around 
£200,000. One of them was 
compulsorily wound up in the 
High Court in 1977. 

One of the companies was 
called Cater-Place Ltd, a busi- 
ness which Mr Crook says was 
involved in supplying fresh 
ground . coffee vending 

The documents show that 
Cater-Place left debts of just 
above £134.000 and that 
approximately £65,000 of this 
was owed but never paid to 
trade creditors. 

The company was com- 
pulsorily wound up by one of 
its creditors on the order of Mr 
Justice Brightman in the High 
Court on July 25, 1977. 

Documents signed by Mr 
Crook indicate that he was the 
chairman of -the company, 
while he and his wife were the 
two directors. His wife is 
shown as tbe major 

The documents indicate 
that, before Cater-Place was 
wound up, its business activ- 



S i *£■ ** * ■- * a -X ••• 

r catling tights: Dick Crook, 

itics were transferred to an- 
other company of which Mr 
and Mrs Crook were also 
directors, and in which Mrs 
Crook was a shareholder. 

This company, called 
Tenderfine, was supposed to 
pay £250 a month for the 
privilege but, according to the 
documentation, paid the 
equivalent of only five 
monthly instalments. 

Discount Rent A Car was a 
car hire business set up by 
Mr.Crook’s wife in 1972, 
while Mr Crook himself be- 
came a director in January 

On Friday, June 7, 1974, the 
company passed a resolution 
to go into liquidation. Mr 
Crook rijpied a copy of the 
resolution in his then capacity 
as chairman of the company. 

The documents show that 
tbe company had 67 un- 
secured creditors who between 
them were owed £67,860 and 
never paid. 

Mr Crook says in response: 
“We worked so hard to make 
sure that ho one lost money. 
Cater-Place was forced into 
liquidation by the vindictive- 
ness of one of its creditors. It 
had been hit by the 1974 
recession. I put all of my 
money into it A few people 
lost a little money. 

: *T don't recall the figure of 
£134,000. The real amount 
was around about £80,000. 

“We originally took over 
the company loheJp out the 
struggling franchisees who 
owned it and had put their life 
savings into it We saved 
about 46 of them. 

“We, however, lost most of 
our money through Cater- 
Place. I lost £100,000 at leasL I 
had co sell my home. I even 
used an inheritance from my 

left, and Martfo Mendelsohn 
“With Tenderfine, it wa 
not a case off one com pan 
failing and another taking i* 
place. Tenderfine took ov< 
the activities of Cater-Place 
and was paying back tbe 
creditors who were left" 

The documents show that 
Cater-Place received only 
about £1,200 from Tenderfine 
and that the receiver of Cater- 
Place only ever paid out about 

‘I tried refinancing 
via the City’ 

£2300 to creditors, leaving 
them, therefore, more than 
£60.000 short 

Mr Crook said: “I think my 
own company must have been 
one of the trade creditors. 

“Discount Rent A Our was 
set up so that we could go back 
into car hire. At first it did 
very well indeed. I owned 49 
percent and a private Austra- 
lian bank owned the rest It 
had provided the - financial 
backing for tbe business but 
pulled out for entirely per- 
sonal reasons which were 
nothing to do with the busi- 
ness or with me. 

“I tried to prevent diem. We 
could-, hove sued them but 
there wras no commercial 
benefit to be gained. I tried to 
refinance it via the City. We 
got 20 acceptances from City 
institutions but everyone said, 
‘We are not funding right 
now'. It was 1974 and an 
unreal lime for British 

“A lot of the money written 
off was the bank's money. I 
don't recall how much I put in. 

“Overall. 1 think 1 was 
extremely unlucky. A series of 
things went wrong. I was *et 
down very badly. 

Continued on next page 

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_ raUMwUfc'" 


235fe37 BAKER STREET, LONDON NWi. TEL 01-835 0138 

24 Hour Answering Service 


Trustee Status: Estabftshed 1864 




^ i, s ** 


> 00 k M ?« el “ h " “f Mr 
* inchisMawS?S e y *** 

li ti for ,uL a "^ er a ? d consul- 
fi ™l>i* m rS nV hv n, ^“ s ! ore 
^ "nchising Ltd ! - rnn S*> 
Dcember 1983 (SFL) sin “ 



have ipff ® franchisees 
cunenilv whde . anothCT one is 

curwnili negotiating ouL 

ihi Vu mpo P*™ 10 realize 
ESJSS* ^ere are im- 

SSKprt“ e t0 ** ,earned 

fS^f^araseof financial 
^^franchisees. Accord- 
SJrifeHP - and our 
EE™ does . nQt contradict 
eot ill IS 0 ® 1 of ^ e TOnchisees 
S^ n i e,r ? 0ne i backfi <»m 
m’S n o^tect lhe0tbm801 

mm^ Ver - « is dear that 

Sd tn franchlsees have «ther 
-h<?i t0 use or th reaten to use 
a ~ ainsi Spellings to get 

mSSS" * ,ey “"*** 

ntSS?- 1 p e CQ ?P an y and one 

i J^L. franch,see 10 w hom 

raT.^P* c - 53 y ** Sperrings 
ranLhjse is profitable. Other 
ranch i sees and ex-franchisees 
ay it is not. 

a high fallout 
"|aM lle . Mr Crook provides an 
R!p5 ®’ iteresLing answer to this 
uesuon. which perhaps does 
ot reflect too well on SFL: 
“Some of the original 
anchisees were friends of 

The shopkeeper who paid 

«n.u»cc5 were friends of 
ob Spemng fihe SFL chair- 
lanj. who shouldn't have 


been called franchisees. They 
weren't “real’ franchisees. I'd 
say there were six of them 
whom I wouldn't really call 

Sperrings, based in 
Southampton, bad, by all 
reports, built up a very 
successful chain of conve- 
nience stores before moving 
into franchising. 

They started franchising, 
backed by £2.5 million of City 
money, in December 1983. To 
the outside world, at least, this 
was for real, and by July 1984, 
only eight months later, 
Sperrings was a full member of 
the British .Franchise 

The common com plaints of 
the ex-franchisees, however, 
are that the company pro- 
vided inadequate manage- 
ment support and was too 
optimistic in its projections of 
profits and estimate of costs. 
The ex-franchisees also criti- 
cized the fact that while they 
were running unprofitable 
stores the company was 
receiving fat franchise fees. 

Dave Rubenis, for example, 
a former franchisee, claims his 
losses on his store were £7,000 
over 16 months, white during 
the same period he paid 
£25.465 hi franchise foes and 
contributions to a central 
advertising fund. 

Robert Sperring. chairman 
of SFL, says the company had 

Chairman’s debts 

”' v •v.-ja 

• ‘H: T -iL,* 

!r ^ii refinance 




i.i il'-v 

Yom previous 

“* h a v e worked meticu- 
5 “®|y /or keeping the stan- 
ara of franchising at a high 
Jvel in this country. 

"I ihink that all this back- 
round is irrelevant to my 
josition as chairman of the 
'ranch ise Consultants Associ- 
.iion. The City knew about it 
vhen we financed Franchise 
nvesiors Ltd. They thought it 
'■as irrelevant too.* 

Martin Mendelsohn is 
lighly respected as the leading 
ranchisc lawyer in the UK. 
He was recently appointed the 
British Franchise 

Association's “legal 
xnsuliam" and is known to 
jive his services free to the 
industry on frequent 

He wrote the standard 
franchising textbook. The 
Guide to Franchising. He is 
also the author of Obtaining a 
Franchise, which was a guide 
published by the Department 
of Trade and Industry. 

Mr Mendelsohn was also a 
director and shareholder of a 
franchise company known as 
Idenucar (Holdings) Ltd, 
which went into receivership 
in February last year. The 
company has a substantial 
deficiency, although the re- 
ceiver. John Talbot, of the 
Arthur Andersen accountancy 
firm, was "not available for 
comment” when we tried io 
contact him. 

Thc Department of Trade 
and Industry, however, told us 
th3t the company through 
which ldenticar (Holdings) 
actually sold franchises in 
vehicle identification has been 
compulsorily wound up and 
has an estimated deficiency of 

“over £1 million". This com- 
pany was a wholly owned 
subsidiary and was simply 
called ldenticar Ltd. It was a 
full member of the British 
Franchise Association. 

Mr Mendelsohn was one of 
two founder directors of the 
parent company, being ap- 
pointed a director on October 
25. 1982. shortly before a 
group of City institutions put 
£350.000 into iL He was the 
company's solicitor and held a 
small shareholding of Z345 

Sources within the franchis- 
ing industry say the institu- 
tions insisted that Mr 
Mendelsohn become a direc- 
tor as a condition of making 
their investment 

The funds were intended to 
be used to expand the 
franchising activities of 
ldenticar within the UK and 
to establish overseas licensed 

Mr Mendelsohn told The 
Times Ibis week that as the 
company was a client of his be 
was constrained by his pro- 
fessional code of ethics from 
revealing much about its 

■ What he did say was; “I was 
a nonexecutive director of 
ldenticar (Holdings) Ltd. I 
was not a director of the 
operational company, 
ldenticar. I only attended 
meetings of the parent com- 
pany and I never asked for any 
equity in h. 1 took my shares 
in it at their par value. 

“I was not involved in the 
day-to-day running of the 
business. My professional po- 
sition as solicitor to the com- 
pany prevents me from saying 

Get a top performing 
y . pension plan 
; where you vary 
the contributions 
to suit yourself. 

If you're self-employed, committihgyourself to 
identical premiums each year can be a millstone. 

Ycr with some companies, paying irregular 
premiums under 'with profits’ pension plans can 
mean heavy penalties. 

Not so with The Equitable, where you can have 
n unr ivalled combination of flexibility and pa:- 

fcrmance.Forinstance,m agood year, you can pay® 

much as you like whenever you Idee, up to the legal 
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So vou can vary your contributions to suit 

voutself as long as each contribution isatleast £150. 
™ Moreover you will notbe^absedlfyourettre 
„ r |y- with The Equitable the fall value o f the fon d . 

-ILnhred is used to provide retirement benefits. 
a^ftulhouldalK. keep in mind The Equitable* 

■• 'ti! ■ 

d- ju 


in our 20 year 

* jg5 ! ^ur tod woufdte^tS ov«40%™red>an 

coupon or 'phone 01-606 6611 today. 

tSencmtw IMS™*** 

■ rlinrtrJ 

^rtt-fncniF* 1 

I’J^Tx^hKnhamHis □MooAbContnbaDmh, 

* ft\J ■ 
i v 


Equitable Life 

X ^^ugain^cause we’re different.-.— 


to go through “a considerable 
learning curve in franchising", 
which is "a business in hs 
own" as distinct from naming 
one's own gftain of retail 

He admits that, because of 
the learning process, the com- 
pany did make mistakes with 
site selection and choosing the 
right franchisees" — particu- 
larly ihe latter. Back-up was 
not what it should have been 
and “ there may have been a 
slight discrepancy " on some 
of the profit projections. 

But he denies that franchi- 
sees were used as guinea pigs 
to fine inre the SFL franchise. 

“We never accepted anyone 
who we thought would not 

‘We have not let 
these people down 9 

succeed," he says. "We made 
no money on what we got in 
franchise fees. These foes have 
in no way matched the very 
considerable backing we gave 
these franchisees. 

“We have accepted moral 
responsibility in a number of 
areas. At the end of the day we 
have not let these people 
down. The bottom line is that 
we have learned from our 

SFL says Mr Sperring, now 
has a thorough induction 
course and training course. He 

says that if a potential franchi- 
see looks as if he will not shape 
up SFL give him his £2,000 
deposit back. 

Site selection and manage- 
ment back-up have been im- 
proved, and those who stuck 
out the early months are now 
doing very well, he says. 

This is certainly borne out 
by the person who took over 
Mr Rubenis's store — he 
claims be is making handsome 
profits out of iL 

Mrs Janice Davis, who op- 
erated the Orpington franchise 
in Kent, says: 

“My small family company 
bought a Sperrings franchise 
m 1984. All I got for my 
association with this franchise 
was a criminal record and a 
dent in ray company's capital 

“1 started trading from a site 
in Orpington, in the London 
borough of Bromley. 
Sperrings advertises one of its 
merits as site selection. They 
omitted to tell me that the 
local authority in Bromley 
strictly enforces the 1950 
Shops Acl 

“in May 1985 charges 
brought against us by the 
Bromley authorities were 
heard at Bromley magistrates* 
court. There were so many 
summonses — I think it was 26 
altogether. Half were brought 
against the company, as occu- 
pier of the premises, and the 

rest against myself and my 
husband personally. It was a 
nightmare. We had never been 
told that the criminal law was 

“Since Sperrings were not 
the occupiers of the premises, 
they could not be held respon- 
sible for the offences. 

“Both the company and 
ourselves were found guilty as 
charged. But the magistrates 
were very understanding, and 
imposed no fines. These could 
have amounted to £26,000. 
Instead, they granted a con- 
ditional discharge, which was 
a great relief to us personally, 
but not for the business. 

“As occupier of the 
premises, the company was 

Company took 
legal action 

obliged to ensure that no 
funner illegal trading took 
place. This meant that trading 
had to be restricted in the 
evenings and all day on Sun- 
day. We had to cordon off 
certain areas of the store, and 
forgo sales of the more profit- 
able lines, such as video hire 
and other non-food items, it 
was a disaster. 

“But the nature of a fran- 
chise contract is that, for 
better or for worse, the 
franchisee contracts to pay full 
franchise fees to the franchi- 

sor, whether the business is 
profitable or not. In the finan- 
cial year to June 1985 my 
company made a net loss of 
above £20^000. In the" same 
year, we paid net franchise 
fees of over £28,000. 

“My company took legal 
action against Sperrings, and 
rescinded the franchise agree- 
ment I am very relieved that 
my company was able to get 
out of this franchise. But as 
everyone knows, lawyers and 
litigation don't come cheap. I 
bad to pay £12,000 in legal 

According to Robert 
Sperring . chairman of 
Sperrings Franchising Ltd, the 
company is restricted in what 
it can say about this particular 
case under the terms of the 
legal settlement that took 
place. However, he does dis- 
pute the losses that Mrs Davis 
says she made — much turns 
on the construction of the 

He says the store, which is 
now company-owned, op- 
erates both within the Shops 
Acl which Mrs Davis dis- 
putes, and profitably, now. He 
also says legal bills could have 
been much less as the settle- 
ment proposed was not 
materially different from that 
which was reached many 
months later. 

With regard to the Shops 
Act problem, he says: “When 
we first bought the store the 
authority certainly did not 
enforce the Shops Act as 
rigidly as they subsequently 

How much money 
did vot^ make in 

nxnay in aawianaa.Bm just benr nock depends on having tba 
right information and getting the application weighted "deed 
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Tb: New Irene Shm Gafde Lid, Jlleetteeet, Leaden EC4TIRP 

Name i 

j Address | 

Ltd'll":!:" - i. Postcode^.. Tjmnj 




8-3fl£= 8-473=11-93^ 


!= 8*68^12*23^ 



870?= 8*88^12*52^ 


Bufbtfng Socfeiy 



A New Unit Trust Investing for Growth 
in Financial Services Companies 

F RAMUNGTON Financial Fond will aim 
for maximum capital growth through 
investment in the most interesting sector 
of the moment: financial services com- 
panies throughout the world. 

Financial services are going through a period 
of rapid growth and change, thus creating an 
important investment opportunity In this country, 
the securities industry is changing dramatically, 
and new legislation is rapidly enlarging the scope of 
profitable operation for banks, insurance companies 
and fund management companies. 

More generally, international de-regulation and 
the decline in world-wide inflation significantly 
improves the prospects for financial services opera- 
tions everywhere. Framlington Financial Fund will 
aim to mala* the most of itee opportunities, whether 
in the UK., the US.A., Europe, or the Far East. 

Our special style is to concentrate on smaller 
companies, trying to identify those with really good 
growth prospects before the rest of the market 
recognises their promise, aiming for good long-term 
capital growth performance. The results speak for 


Framlington has an outstanding long-term growth 
record. The average annual compound rate of 
growth in the priceof unite (on an offer-to-bid basis) 
of each of our capital growth funds-between launch 
and 1st October 1986 was asjfollows: . 

. Fund . .Launched Growth 

Capital.. Jan 69 +15.1%p.a.. 

International Growth Oct 76 +25.3% p.a. 

American & General Apr 78' +19.0% p.a. 
American Turnaround Oct 79 +22.4% p jl 

■ Recovery' Apr 82 ■ • +24.7% p.a. 

Japan & General Fro 84 +26. 1% p.a. 

European Feb 86 +45.6% p^a. 

Every one of these Framlington funds has out- 
performed the FT All-Share Index, the Dow- Jones 
Industrial Average and the Standard and Poors 
Composite Index. 


Framlington Group pic is itself a financial services 
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sectoc Apart from our unit trusts, off-shore funds 

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£420 million to over £1,300 million. 

Units are available in both income form (with 
distributions twice a year) or accumulation form 
(in which net income is reinvested). Since the aim 
of the fund is out-and-out capital growth, investors 
are recommended to choose accumulation units. 
The estimated gross initial yield Is one per cent. 


U ntil 31 October units are available at the 
initial price of 5 Op each. To invest, 
complete the application form and send 
it to us with your cheque to arrive -by 
3 pm on 31 October. Applications of £10,000 or 
over will receive a bonus of one per cent additional 
units at the expense of the managers. 

From 3 November units will be available at the 
ruling offer price. 

Investors should regard all unit trust investment 
as longterm. They are reminded that the price of 
units and the income from them can go down as 
'well as up. 


You may use a TSB fetter of a cceptance as port of your remittance. 
Your shares will be sold free of commission at the price ruling 
when the renounced letter is received and the proceeds used to 
buy units, rounded up in your favour to the nearest whole unit. 
You should complete the application form having the amount to 
be invested blank and send it together with your signed TSB 
lener of acceptance and any cheque. Remember that the minimum 
investment in Framlington Fi n a nci al Fund is £500. 


There are facilities for investing by monthly direct debit, with the 
first allocation of units on 31 October. Bar an application form, 
telephone 01-628 5181 before 24 October. 

Applications will be acknowledged; certificates will be sent by 
the registrars, Lloyds Bank Pic, normally within 42 days. 

The minimum initial investment is £500. From 3rd Nov- 
ember units may be bought and sold daily. Prices and yields will 
be published daily in leading newspapers. When units are sold 
back to the managers payment is normally made within 7 days of 
receipt of the renounced certificate. 

Income net of basic rate tax is distributed to holders of 
income units on 15 June and 15 December each year. The first 
distribution will be on 15 June 1987. 

The annual charge is ( + VAT) of the value of the fund. 
The initial charge, which is included in the offer price, is 5%. 

Commission of 114 per cent (-+-VAT) is paid to qualified 
intermediaries. Commission is not paid on savings plans. 

- Tlje -trust is an authorised unit trust constituted by Trust 
Deed, h ranks as a wider range security under the Trustee 
Investments Act. 1 961. The Trustee is Lloyds Bank Pic. 

The managers are Framlington Unit Management Limited. 3 
London Will Buildings, London EC2M 5NQ. Telephone 01-628 
5181. Telex 8812599. Registered in England No 895241. 
Member of the Unit Trust Association. . 

This offer is not open to residents of the Republic of Ireland. 

Of Units In Framlington Financial Fund 
AtThe Initial Fixed Price Of sop Each Until 31st October 1986 

TO: Framlington Unit Management Limited, 3 London Wall Buildings, London ec2m snq 








(Joint applicants should all sign and if necessary enclose details separately) 

I _ • TM/lol 



tX r TtIK^C!K : “43a^ « 

"’Sarah" H ^niainfe i; 





How ? 

* By advising which investment gives 
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* By making your capital grow to 
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Knight Williams has specialised formally 
years in identifying income investments ' 
for retired people. Send for full details. 

Comfort for sick list victims 

Edwina Currie’s views on the 
health of the nation apart 
illness orlnjury can befall us 
all And without protection, 
your wealth could tumble asa 

The stark feet feeing many 
people who break a leg or 
suffer serious illness is. that a 
drop in income often results, 
just when money is tightest. 

Yet relatively few people 
take use of Permanent 

Independent Financial Advice 
33 Cork Street, London W1X 1HB 


Members of FIMBRA 
Offices in London & Leeds 

make use of Permanent 
Health Insurance (PHI) which 
protects your income when 
Alness forces a prolonged pe- 
riod away from work. 

One reason why PHI has 
remained an insurance back- 
water is that-few people appre- 
ciate the risk of serious illness 
or injury. Government statis- 
tics make frightening reading. 

.Men aged 20 to. 65 stand 
seven times more chance of 
being laid up for six months 
through Alness than they do of 
dying. Nearly half those on the 
nation's sick list-have been off 
work for more . than three 

receive less than £85 a week. 

So how does PHI protection 
work? Policyholders becom- 
ing disabled through illness or 
ipjury receive a replacement 
income equal to a percentage 
of previous earnings. That 
proportion is normally pegged 
at 75 per cent. Many com- 
panies also impose a maxi- 
mum cadi payout, a factor 
high wage-earners need to 
watch for. 

Benefit can be 
more than salary 

Most companies provide 
support fora while; some have 
group PHI policies to cover 
employees. For most people, 
however, a long period off 
work means relying on savings 
and meagre state benefits. 

John Davies, head of 
marketing at nil newcomer 

Premiums paid, do not at- 
tract tax relief but the benefit 
itself is not taxable until 
received for a full fiscal year. 
The - effect of this ' “tax 
holiday” can be that the 
policyholder receives more 
than his or her previous salary 
for up to two calendar years. 
Thereafter, tire taxman is 
somewhat less generous. PHI 
benefits are classed as un- 
earned income and . taxed as 

More than 30 companies 
now provide individual PHL 
Unfortunately most impose a 
mass of different policy word- 
ings -and int erpre tations. But, 
basically, the cost of cover 
depends on your occupation, 
age, sex and the period you are 

Most companies split 
occupations Into three or four 
classes, each with a certain 
level of health risk. Most 
professional and office staff 
are seen as low-risk, most 
manual workers as high- risk , 
-The difference hi premiums 
between the two can be any- 
where between 10 percent and 
200 - per cent, so shopping 
around is highly advisable:. ■ 

Dockers and steeplejacks 
are among those lucky to get 
cover at any cost Equally, if 
you have a penchant for 
dangerous sports you can 
expect a cool response. 

The difference in the price 
of cover fora man aged 30 and 
a man aged 40 can be as much 
as 60 per cent. The gap grows 
still wider for female 

Women of any age, how- 
ever, normally pay consid- 
erably more than men. A 
preminm loading of 50 per 
cent usually applies and only a 
handful of companies impose 
a lower loading. The principle 
of higher rates for women was 
tested in the High Court in 
1985 when it was held that the 
premium loading on PHI 
policies for women was not in 
breach of the Sex Discrimina- 
tion Act 1975. 

Langham Life is alone in 
actually charging women less. 

being able to return to work in 
only a reduced capacity. Many 
compares will cover you 
against this possibility so that, 
your income does not fen as a 
result. Benefit may also be 

With all these variants, the 
cost of cover can differ enor- 
mously. Annual -premiums 
range between £50 and £500. 
A' 30-year-old professional 
man should pay no more than 
£90 a year, his 40-year-old 
colleague £30 more. 

It should be remembered 
that not all claims will be 
accepted. Intentional selftn- 
jury, war, alcohol, drug and 
pregnancy claims are almost 
sure to be excluded, though 
pregnancy complications are 
viewed more sympathetically. 

Job-changers should inform 
their PHI insurer rather than 
risk cover being withdrawn. 
Jet-setters should also study 
the . policy restrictions on 

real understanding of the state ing ill and getting the money, produce considerable sayings. 

■ benefit is astou nding ** a typt- can be betwren four and - After an illness or injury 

cal two-child 

104 weeks. 

produce considerable sayings. 

After an illness or injury 
you might be in the poation of 

the products of the future”. 

Steve Fraser 


If you’ve missed out on the TSB- issue don't be too 
disappointed. Your money might do just as well in a Managed 
Fund through the CU Prime Investment Bond, if yon have £2,000 
or more to invest. 

Bv October 1986 the ClI Prime Life M 

increased bv 120 . 6 %, net of expenses, that 

■ in the 44 months since the fun d was launched in Februa 

1983. And it% tax-free to standard rate ta 

Fond had 

-rv • 


On current performance, no Bank or Building Society 
account can begin to compare. The vezy best growth any 

times? These are fairly common denominators. 

With Commercial Union yon know that you Ye with a secure 
company. With a Prime Investment Bond you can cash in at any 
time. And for standard rate tax-payers all your profits are tax 
free. If you want to do more than keep your savings just ahead 
of inflation, you have to invest for profit. Thatis where it could 
pay to invest in a Managed Fund- 


Every sector of the financial market makes money some of 

£ 2,0 


of them provided over the same period has been around 40%. 
And that is before tax. 

Planned Savings statistics showed that the CU Prime 
Life Managed Hind was among the best performing insurance 
based Managed Funds over the period since its launch in 
February 1983 - and itfc still among the leaders. 


There is no shortage of opportunities for different % 
ways to invest your money So how does the 
relatively inexperienced investor begin to choose? 

The fi rst essential is to decide on your objectives. r .< 
Maximum return consistent with sec urity ? .* 

Ready access to your money at all 



The CL Prime Invert meat Bowl b designed lor profitable Investment, 
rather than Tor protection, hot it b written u a life assurance polio. This 
maim that when you mb it to. all soar proceeds, farmlmderd rote ten-payer* 
are free oTall personal lax. The polio ia issued by The Northern Assurance 
Company Limited, a Commercial Union aahtldlare wlib a brilliant record 
for management! oftmlt-JInked fond*. 


The money you invert inaCU Prime Investment Bondgoeautbov units 
in the CU Prime Life Managed firnd-THE VALUE OF THESE UN ITS CAN 
GO DOWN AS WELL AS UP because ibtt reflect the value of the securities 
in which Um are inserted. The fund is valued dally, and Lbe price published 
in Ihe Daily IM-graph and Financial Times. 

All anils are queried at •bid’ and toner’ prices. The *bkP price is the 
cash talurai which Investors can cash In their saving*. The tofler' price Is the 
price ai which units are sold to new Investor*. The difference between them 
( about 5 °b) goes towards covering administrative costs. 

At least ooee a v eoryoo receives statement detailfogdteunluallocaied 
and the value of >Our holding- Ybu can alio haveao ap-tontbie valaathmofyoar 
Bond ai any U merou request U- There tsa management Hnrgeou the Fa nd of up 
to 0.i:» or it* value on the first working da) of each month. The charge is 
currently half this figure. 


Vmcaacathlnalloraoineofyoarnniumany time, ty encashing them 
h> Instalments, you can pvortdesanrfeff with an Income, which is tax-free to 
basic me taxpayers. The only coadtlkm attached to partial encashment is that 
l he j mount should be (tor not less than £250 at W price, and that at least 
£1.000 should remain in ihe pallet. 


Onto i ryou are pay tag higher rate lax w hen y on partially orsrhoilt GASH 
IN will a charge to higher rate la* be made. The llabi tin Is based on theextessnf 
voor higher rate over the basic rate. This i lability can be postponed by taking 
cash pavmenlsof not morriban Tfo p^.ofyoaror igbial Investment up to lOON. 
This has advaniagtt la romparinm with other fonm of investment* Please 
mitei on death the amount payable fcsShJsof lbe ennent bid value and lbe tax 
Ml nation Is the tame a* If too had cashed It la. 


CU pay Corporation Tax «t V5% on income from all investments ncept 
UKEqnity shares. Income Grom UK Equity ihamlspaMncitofbasirmtetexaad 
this net amount Is credited in fall to the hind. The fand Is liable lo lax on 
chargeable grim and so when an investment is sold au profit weaaumaiicalh 
dednri rrom the hud any Capltai Galas Indue. 

Ml rrrdU fa* given fur aay realised losses during the tame rear. 


Anyuneum H tears of age may takeout a Prime Investment 
Bond. Tbero is no apper age limit. The polky on be written an .. *1 . . 

a Joint life basts. The CU Prime Investment Band is not avail- mic 

able to residents of the Channel Islands nr the Isle of _ . , 

Man or I he Republic of Irdand. The iae " "* 

formation contained In tbW tents ^ 

huedon Commercial Union's 

understanding t>T the ,J* T 

present law and Inland \ • " : : V 

Revenue procure and the 
return under Lius plan could be . . « 

aRccied by changes la tegnlanon. 

or tax practice. "\y.. 

A ropy or the policy b available on \ m • 

tevtoest. Commemal Union are members 
Of the Insurance Ombudsman Bureau. 


KjKgS^the time, but each market can go down, as it can go np. Only a 
Managed Fund can sell at the top ofone market, and switch to a 
new growth area so freely. Thatk why it offers yon the best 
opportunity of consistent growth- It can, of coarse, go down as 
- well as np, but it has the scope to minimise the effect of the 
inevitableDuctuationsofindividual markets. Eveiythingdepends 
on the skill of its management. While we cannot guarantee that 
our superb performance will continue at its present level, and past 
performance is not necessarilya guide to the future, with three full 
years' experience of running one of the UKk most successful 
managed investments, we believe that the CU Prime Ufe 
Managed Fund deserves your confidence. 


Whenever thereto a market opportunity, CUto investment 
management team will be in a position to take advantage of H. 
Thatto how theyYe achieved their remarkable record or success. 

--So instead of playing the stock market on your own, why 
^jj^not let them look after your money. 



-.V'-A . r 

Date ofBir 


Amount (to multiples of £500) I (min. £2,000) 


I, the life to be assured and grantee, confirm that units are to be 

nnlicnallu olUmfoW An iL* L. s _ a. ■■ . . • - . 

1 , the life to be assured and grantee, confirm that units are to be ! 
notionallv allocated on the first business day follcfaring receipt of the | 
completed application by The Northern Assure nee Company Limited, J 
together with the amount to foil of the single premium. 1 understand 1 
that Ufe cover will be restricted to 101% of the bid value of the units ‘ 

, , . O' ...p. ... wmuai u 1UI Hi Ul UU1ICV 

issued by the Company for the Prime Investment Bond.’l 

. - - — - — | . — — - ...... ; iii.cwiicnt.Duna. i ■ 

agree that this declaration shall be the basis orthe contract 1 
between me and The Northern Assurance Company * 
Limited. J 

H. ml 

** 1 t A ?? urattrp UmliH FLjpMvrwt in England 

r , **f a |** CemnHTtlal Uiuaa Aixnnir 

Co«P*«M* NerinfoM .Vx JIM offirr for bom. Si. IWroV 

1 1 Bd-rdwh. London tt \P y[>Q. A rop* of lh*vn|i|dl»| M „ foroi n ii.iloblr on rrqwM 

Brixton 198k one reason for increased 


The front lme 

insurance battle 

A lot of people believe PHI 
could be about to come out of 
the shadows. Allied Dunbar 
has even published Ease and 
Dis-Eases, a guide to good 
health, on the strength of 
growing interest in retirement 
planning and -PHI. The di- 
visional director David 

Insurance companies are be- 
ing ac cu s ed of a head-in-the- 
sand attitude to the problems 
of inner city businesses in 
obtaining insurance cover. 

Many businesses, in areas 
such as Brixton in south 
London and Handsworth in 
Birmingham, are having to 
face the prospect of relocation 
or in some cases • closure, 
because of what they describe 
as an unavailability of 
satisfactory cover. 

Jo Hall, a press officer for 
Lambeth Council, which takes 
in the Brixton area, said that 
talks with local traders re- 
vealed they were being asked 
to pay “exorbitant premiums, 
in some cases up to 600 per 
cent higher than before and so 
high as to make them virtually 

Tech-Semco, a hi-fi servic- 
ing company, feds it was 
forced to move its head office 
out of Brixton to Wembley 
because h could not secure 
satisfactory cover from insur- 
ers. Lee Marks, the managing 
director, said the company, 
which had operated in Bnxton 
for 10 years, had to move 
because its insurers refused to 
renew the insurance cover 
after the unrest ofl 981 and 

M 1 was prepared to accept an 
excess of between £5,000 and 
£ 10 , 000 , but my insurers 

the affected 

She deni 
overall iina 
but admitn 
panics bad 
writing ri * 
and that 
could be a I 
of poor 

areas, but 
insure is u 

claims in 

m I 




This view I is echoed 

Tony Steve 


shonld p 

weren't prepared to renew 
even on that basis," Mr Maries 

said. “They only gave us 
temporary cover when our 
policy ran out at the beginning 
of March if we could prove 
that we had other premises to 
move into." 

He said many companies 
were trading in Brixton with- 
out any insurance cover. “If 
there is another riot, they will 
be ruined." 

Lambeth Council has now 
joined with councils in Bir- 
mingham and Leeds to form 
an Insurance Working Group 
which is investigating the 
problems of obtaining ade- 
quate insurance cover in inner 
erty areas. 

The group has had one 
meeting with the Association 
of British Insurers, which 
represents more of the UK 
general insurance market, but 
Jo Hall said foe association 
denied that any problems 

A spokeswoman for foe 
association said that the inner 
city insurance problems had 
not come about as a result of 
the riots, but because of the 
overall level of theft and 

Britain's largest property in 
surer. He was adamant the 
his company aid not operates 
system of rdd-tining (where 
areas are marked out as being 
no-go insurance areas). 

Insurers fed strongly that 
they should ndt be seen as an 
extension of the social ser- 
vices. Help for the inner cities 
should come from central or 
local government, not from 
insurance companies, al- 
though they say they are 
willing to play their part wifo 
staff secondments and. in 
some cases, the provision of 
surplus premises. 

The Insurance Working 
Group, under the chairman-] 
ship of Councillor Albert* 
Bore, chairman ot* 
Birmingham's economic*- 
development committee, is! . 
putting the final touches to a; /.. 
survey on the insurance prob-; 
lems of inner cfy businesses; : . 
in Leeds. Birmingham and ; 
Lambeth, which it will present Tfj 

to the Association of British v 
Insurers. • r ~ 

Jo Hall said that if the>V 
association does not respond; * 
positively to this more exten-; P 
sive evidence, the next step is ! e 
to approach central- 
government ri J 

Peter Miller, chairman of;,* 
Lloyd's of London, made an ■ J 
interesting observation on this; f 
point recently when he sakt- fc 
“Legislative attempts to force! »' 
insurance to exist are* 
economically unsound and!} 
philosophically unacceptable'} 
in a fine society.” ! | 

A Labour government! f ; 
could, however, view things^ I 
rather differently. 4 . 

Leigh Sharpe! * 


unit in 


Golden Anchor Ac count 

8.50 = 8.68 =■ 



_ „ Anchor Account 

8.30 = 8.47 = 11.93 


• Compounded Annual Rate ff half yearly interest fs credited to 

. ■ . , the account. 

T Gross Equivalent Rate to a basic rats taxpayer. 

For further details contact 


Investment in 

as mu as me chance otfnwssr 


Industrial technology 

BESfimd. j 



■ Enowraglu track record In the MAS rod aBfflSlwhMiifaiTteihiwi^t^yKfe 

■ SpomoredlvS^I^StocitoroiafS. 

nstom the coupon without deist 


i mm0 b» indMow itomoD skmm Ud H h Ann, SnH toniM SHI* of 


■PS n Ganmr mana sement 

saCi. a . nd Hiil 


giliT tecuni,cs know* as 

biS? ** «m 

» or 5 S 5 Si S’SS 



' D ^tle 

.. v " a Ux -efnciem process 
-i.’ J ' tiinj-. * h OW T as bond-washing, 

V ,aidon y ,nC | 0rne ab0uI t0 ** 

u* ^,2 n 4L® U ** *«med into 

New deals to 
deaden that 
double blow 

.r«, animl -nf luul ™ 'mo 

^'*uS S23- ™ e new rales hii gDt 

a r ^ th lrusis particularly 

u Hl . 




• !•• • ; . apual gams i 

i ,fc, Anfr lve »menis i 
. f. . Pi-.; % 'om ihose in i 

!■•,.'■ ‘n nil-holders ar 
r GT ;r 



in July Mr Lawson 
again by abolishing 
gains tax (CGT) on 
in gilis apart 

uTr unil Gill 
nil-holders are still liable to 

... ;rn *5U ^ ,heir 8“»« exceed 

-i. n r ‘ s P° n se- Ganmore 
•- A l ‘ i . ,n £ tfX,s, ing investors 
, ^ -™Y*.on io change their 

v. ’’ , ,n ^ r »nv fund to an Inter- 

ltional Fixed Interest in- 
line trust. Louis McNaughu 
' Ganmore. explained: 

NOW g|J( un j| InJSlS ar g 

v-cmciem we need to pro- 
de a higher income from this 
nd. The new fund’s yield 
iould be about 12 per cent 
i ^ ‘ ,eves Mr McNaught. 2 per 
" »*eaw, r :nl h *gher than the existing 

lUW? .Jh. e nev - fond, if approved, 

1 ' ' n “f . si fla'vT 1,1 jnvesi in gilts. European 
” irexf ** convertible shares is- 

1 : ' y in* .... Ie » by companies in the Far 
^ ast and US Treasury bonds, 
‘ name a few. Mr McNaught 
■n :.A >Ci * 1 * n ^s ibis rs the right time to 
ncmationahze because tax- 
13 ^ : non is falling on inter- 
• vs 3tiona! fixed interest stocks 
■ . round the world. 

"For instance.” he said, 
withholding tax has been 

withdrawn from US Treasury 
bonds.” Yet Mr McNaught 
accepted UK-based funds 
would still suffer the same UK 

Meanwhile at Hill Samuel, 
the managers are proposing to 
merge the Gilt Income. Gilt 
Growth and Fixed Interest 
funds into a new income fund 
investing in a wider range of 
stocks, including company 
convertible and preference 

Hill SamueTs gilt manager. 
Phil Be van. said introducing 
this equity element to the fund 
should take his company 
higher up the performance 
tables if the merger is ap- 
proved. The accompanying 
table shows that convertible 
and preference shares have 
topped the fixed interest in- 
come tables over one and five 
years but these funds do take 
on a higher risk. 

Another point is that Hill 
Samuel intends to give up the 

Section 60 status of its gilts 
funds. This relates to Section 
60 of the 1980 Finance Act. 
under which gilt funds were 
allowed to be set up with 
special tax concessions. Taxes 
on dealings were lowered but 
when the Chancellor upped 
the taxes on any interest 
accruing on gibs to 45 per cem 
for all invrstors except those 
with less than £5.000 invested 
in gilts to stop bond-washing, 
the concessions disappeared. 

Hill Samuel now wants to 
revert to being taxed at 
corporation tax rates of 35 per 
cent on any interest accruing. 

Mr Bevan believes the 
change in status would enable 
the new fund to deal more 
actively. But a more sceptical 
manager at one of the very 
largest unit trust groups com- 
ments that the limits were 
probably a blessing in disguise 
because recently the gih mar- 
ket has not been an attractive 
place in which to trade. 


7 M J» | m 

-■ '*■ 

Per cent increase in unit price 
(on an erffer-to-offer basis) 

12 months 60 months 

Prolific Convert 
and Gitt 



ManuLife High 

Yielding Gilt 



Arbuthnot Preference 



Framtington Convert 
and Gift 



HiU Samuel Gilt 
and FI Income 



Gartmore Gilt 



FT A Brit Gov 
All Stocks 



If more managers follow the 
example of Ganmore and Hill 
Samuel, ihe old-style gilt fund 
could be replaced by broader- 
based funds. The potential 
returns win be increased but 
so will the risks. 

Even so. the new funds 
could face an uphill For 
instance, even the money 
invested with Foreign and 
Colonial’s Fixed Interest in- 
come fund fell by nearlv half 
when one client withdrew £1.5 
million at around the time of 
the CGT tax changes, accord- 
ing to F&Cs Henry Hum. 

Bui the Chancellor's actions 
earlier in the year, especially 
in March, questioned whether 
gilt unit trusts are really 
necessary. Rodney Parkins, of 
personal finance consultants 
Mercer Grant Simmons, 
thinks not 

Gilt unit trusts, believes Mr 
Parkins, alter the nature of gilt 
investment. Unit prices can go 
up or down, whereas with 
directly invested gilts, al- 
though the values can go up or 
down, at least the redemption 
value is secure. 

In addition, some gilt unil 
trusts are subject to 5 per cent 
initial and 0.75 per cent 
annual charges. These are 
easier to justify on. say. equity 
funds but harder on low-risk 

An individual can buy a gilt 
cheaply from a stockbroker or 
the Post Office. But Mr 
Parkins explains decisions 
need to be taken on interest 
rate movements before buy- 
ing. When rates fall the value 
or gilts should rise as the 
interest-earning element, the 
yield, of the gilt falls too. 
When rates rise, values fall. 
The effect is not so pro- 
nounced on gilts nearing 

For the record, interest rates 
remained static over the sum- 
mer. and so for that matter did 
the gilt market and although 
the underlying trend was 
downwards there were fears 
recently of rate rises which 
were reflected m gilt yields. 
Fears about future inflation 
prospects also pushed index- 
linked rates upwards. 

Rod Morrison 

■ • v,- 
: " tir. 

: •«: 

"■ ■ ! 

■: - . 

'* J 

'.UK? ■* 

i • n 

v .*ri 

Which investment offers the 
potential of a top performing 
unit trust and guarantees that 
your original investor secure? 

More and more people are 
becoming aware of the oppor- 
tunities of investing In the 
exciting world of stocks and 
shares, but some are 
concerned that their savings 
may be at risk. 

To provide protection for 
investors Gartmore has de- 
signed Safeguard -oneof the 
first Guaranteed Equity Plans 
of its kind allowing invest- 
ment in the stock markets of 
the world, safe in the know- 
ledge that the original 
investment is secure. 

How the Plan Works 
H\ combining in one investment the 
jtr, th potential of a unit trust and a 
guaranteed investment with a life 
assurance company. Safeguard 
allow** you to capitalise, over 5 
\ cars, on the growth opportunities 
i'if 'in testing in stocks and shares 
w idiom risking your original 

The Guaranteed Element 
Hie jyvater part of your 

nituKA is invested by General 
P, .niolio rn provides guaranteed 

rt tu rn alter five years. 

Thp. ensures that your original 
im csinient will be returned ro you 
intact in live years time. 


The Guaranteed Equity Plan 

The Growth Element 
The balance (52%) of your money 
wfll be used ro purchase units in a 
fund -the Safeguard Fund- 
established by die life assurance 
company for this Plan and invested 
exclusively In units in the Gartmore 
Global Fund- This top performing 
unit trust was launched in 1973, and 
is now' valued at over £42 mQUon. 

It is well placed to take advantage 
of investment opportunities around 
the world. 

Your Reward 

The units allocated to the growth . 
dement provide your profit and 
remember, your original 
investment is secure. (The price 
of the Safeguard units will be 
published daily in the Financial 

An investment linked to unit 
trusts can be more rewarding than 
leaving your money on deposit with 
a bank or building society. £1 .000 
invested in Gartmore Global Fund 
on 1st September 1981 would now 
be wortii £2,924' (an average 
growth rate of approximately 24% 
pa) whereas the same investment in 
a building society account could be 
worth £1.521!* Past performance 
does not guarantee future 
performance, but investors can be 
confident in Gartmorels 
international expertise. 

How do I apply? 

Simply complete the attached 
Application Form and return it with 
your cheque to your professional 
adviser or to: 


General Portfolio life Insurance PLC, 
Valley House, Crossbrook Street, 
Cheshunt, Herts, EN8 8JH. 

Tdephone enquiries: 

Freephone 0800-289521 

,1-j.tJ ii* hvJ wni Munn Ujn^rnmTI-rtu mu ,huaiii.J- -Ami-ibi ucdirun ‘uifjmml an *<wm- UaMOfean liV|«*mhsr IWil m l-u scpiimhcr PMh 

, . iIiuImiM 

ral informal*!! ^Iiviunl r. ittKkTftnticn hi 
, . ii IimiI'Ji- I'll liKurj-ui VII »hn tn>iir JU Uk 

n nrrjl luninlx* prrmtk - j 

„„f ptin tiiiiu.'I »ivl tlcaJ will) am 

„r. llul Hi 3 ‘ * rp< , .. 

1 „b.. o .kNiunnl ni" *•« Ml 1 unis ailvl Ibr 

' e. ,hal nil » iH hi mlillnl ml 
’ ‘ ..'itnul'niv-J.miijnhiw'dola fni-inr 
-‘ 7 . 1 , ,. f ,»o..r «lwlh MivrdH-kv. -IhhiUI ii to 

' Tin i.m.tio* .a-hio »,.uri*in«-aHi nuliinwiB 

"■.Viii-ilu h..l .alih .Bilu-'aUiaurUI nifrJkvii^io 

i „ j. «UI J- ito MirrtHdrr laliar iH ihe 
***• will<hTwd ,,n 

l ,,, “ -r-riri^ ihe n*J Jirmunt irf 

“ 1 ,M ‘ , irlT, I In I.J 1 IH 1 I II* rciuicJ ««•« immn M 



‘ •'X JIt - ,h> man 3 )iann.i thafp^"* 1 « to|swinnie«l 
"S HMb pm*** unJt> lhc ‘ 

fianmtHr (.hihal himl lumnili hj> 40 annual 
nuinpimnn ttaip.- i>I ("•■p! (phr,\%TI«if Lbri aku-nf 
rtU'limtl pttt-aninirbli'hai)sriif^M.' , -unilWialuk:<ili}M' 
Mi. ojDnakiH In V, «n ilu- Mr ul imiivil Ibr nUcr 
prkc The Satccuaiil 1 no pf»X' ciUldaluil bi (<mnl 
Aufiiiln uill uh'iuih’ ihcwchaijio 

Vuur ImcMincTU «i 0 amumibir tiMnai ihr pbn 
mjrahcr »nh lomiMnl louiiw Vi albmann- b mult- 
iin-< afinaloaim Taxai itoramiummli apflmlih-iu 
hk a~uran«- Him pan k-. Ihb mil to rrikonl in ito. 
■inn pnci' ialuibinl hi liOMl nminUn 

iH-ncmi nwihJiii nuLrs nn additio n al ntanpnwm 

Per-mul liiainn \n pnvml Uahflm hi u> artxrs 
dunnpitoinricjrbrTni HifitH'MaadinJraw u^siicr 

Ihrtr r. (in UaihlH* w u\ i*her nn the jaunmcnl 

ckTnrmiiriinitopfTniiti rirmcirmfiiiui mirNUm-ni U 

ini an nhtcci m tueber (au- Uv ur afe ebphle inr 
nxunc m Jjr aDmuncr an aUhluiul bahiiaii mai 
arise hm imh ohm the praunh nr taken \n 

cxptmju m 11 i r> ai a lUWc mi rt-ipn-MJiKl IT - 

lull -ItouM LunMih xiur profcvounaladisrr 

Ihe P»itolhi*kp> Vmuellnn V.1 t» - ^ » inlrn. 
Omni In (to iincmnieiii io pminl iniohin apmtM 
Hie tnJun' id an Homer tn itoonuol vulva tnlnfca 

Ini no pmamuro nui to made nn all uourvm - 
(.monjacndi (iniml Kunkdlu icenia Ibr rlfthl in 
deduct MKb -anMunii nr ahur hcmr&o a> nut to 
neiTMan hi dtJct iu mttl am Ini onpo-ctl under iho 
U ue am tHtor Icjebtauua in prnua 


Thoadi crtManwnliihxied un ( anniixvand I itrninl 
TtanCnliii'n undcnanduifi of prcH.-tn km and Inland 
Reirnue |WtoiH.F \o part id Iho adienocmml 
iiHouniio, 'an (XI.T ito- nphh- ,i an mieaor -dan to 
|j«tTnrt -irinli hi ito lento nf (to polio. Kurd hi 
liennal Vunfidin A o*pi nf ito Msttflvd poto-v K 
aiaifahle nn irquiM Inn Cwmcral ftinhiio 

Bemcmtor dm ito pm- o( unm and ito Iiktkw.' 
frutiutom ton pi dmin*<Tidl a> up 

A cnpi ul uitr cnmpteKd pmpteul limn K aiall 
ahfc nn wrttien rrquol 

(iinmure l.bttal Fund halm Tool authored hi 
die IX-pxnnanU uf Indcand Indiony lanmnn Fund 
Uanqxf-i lamnnt o a Mcmher ut the Inb Ttoj 
Ankjcuuimi ItcpDactvil in Enpfand No IK~ 4 t 
(•cnctal hrUDUu Ufr IdMiniKv PLC kamhorfccd In 
ito UepanmcH ul Tmk- and Indunn Hq^und in 

Cngbnd v» W.’l" 

To: SAFEGUARD General Portfolio Life Insurance PLC, Valley 
House, Crossbrook Street, Cheshunt, Hens EN$ ^)H 


l misti 10 invest 

. inilutmum £I.non. no mjMmum) 

andendiwran cheque h>nlu> amount pavahle k» G eneral Portinlio 

FultVme"Mr Mrs Miss. 

Dale of Kirth:. 

I am rchkknt in the L nirnt kintxlom.'am mer IH > tar, of ajse and I 
untlcnund ihatihv pnjptcsi} shall form thchx,biufihcuiiuraa 
Ixmccn misdfand (icncral Purd'nlio Lite Insurance PLC 

hipuiureofPropoHT — -1, — 


In ihe cum I ihax the dietjue ftScKcd bi <icncra| Ponlolro ci nm 
draw non mi accoum. taprecihai ihcilrawor oFdTcchctiucnillhe 
deemed in be m\ apem 

If you're an individual or company m the 
position of having £Z500 a more to invest v-f 
suggest you give serious consideration to just 
one bank. 


Vfife offer the High Interest Pretmjm 
Account for large deposits, an account that is 
quite clearly a cut above the average: 

Because of our finks with the London 
Morwy Market, we can provide a higher rate of 
inteiest than most normal bank, deposit accounts 
In adefitiew we supply you with a cheque book 
lor instant withdrawals, These withdrawals are 
Iree of charge provided you draw no more than 
15 cheques over 3 months. 

\fet what is particubify appealing about the 

Charterhouse sch*m t - .;tnt zz: r n .: . : _• 

tc mvesA in Sf.-ftng Uf Lv'-s". G--”' ?:'* 
MsiL^ Silts F-jno., cr Jx. .‘•n- v; s ;i -. iV**- j 
fijfther option cf il StOdiJlv 
avildble m tieign cur^T-r., emrei't, 
easj wthobwah. 

Charterhouse is C-ne C c th-;- rv; 
preaig«:>iiS City ireiohant banks md ss: .s 
memt-er -J The f oval Bank ■:? S.Xtisnd G - .-ue 

Thie Hi^i Interest Premum A rerun: re-: 

W= reccromend that you re-Eise to settle 
for anything leas 

For a copy cf our High Interest Premium 
Account brochure, please nS in and return the 
coupon (no stamp required). 


. i. ^ .. i a.*:*. _-i- • .< I C -b tci; . 

[ v >i c ■: j 



sharpen u p yoi 



Situations trust 


V 'V'ere’s another chance to introduce an 
opportunity for rapid growA 
JL Aphis a 8tmm taring element 
of risk to your portfolio - with the 
Simon & Coates Special Situations Trust. 

So yon can decide whether tins Trust 
is the right investment for yon, here are 
straightforward answers to some 
questions yon may have: 

Who are Chase Manhattan 
Fund Managers? 

In April 1986 the Chase Manhattan 
Corporation recruited the Stock Market 
expertise of hi ghj y-respected British firms 
Laurie, M2 bank & Co. and Simon & Coates 
to form a new organisation - Chase Man- 
hattan Securities. As a result of this take- 
over Simon & Coates Fund Managers (the 
o riginal fund managers') are now Chase 
Manhattan Fund Managers. We believe th,e 
new organisation is the ideal amalgam to 
maximise any opportunities created by de- 
velopments in the London Stock Marker. 

Of course, Chase Manhattan Fund 
Managers benefits from the financial com- 
mitment and international contacts Of Chase 
Manhat tan Corporation, the holding company 
for onenf the largest banks in the US. 

What are we inviting you to invest in? 

The Simon & Coates Special Situations 
Trust is a small, aggressively managed 
unit trust! with a current value of 
about £4 J million. 

What is the Trnstfe 
inv e stm ent philosophy? 

Our fund managers combine British Slock 
Market expertise with American dynamism. 
They concentrate on three areas - smaller, 
higher risk companies, special situations - 
including takeovers, and new issue activity. 

A maximum of 25% of the fund may be in- 
ll vested in the Unlisted Securities Market, and 
V there is some Traded Options activity. 

What is the Trusts investment breakdown? 

UK Convertibles 7 3% UK Stores & doihiug 16u8®t> 

UK Building & Construction 1 1.5% UK Others l4.7tyi 

UK Electronics 8 J&iir N. America 9.6 0, o 

UKFuiandals9.7 D o_ Japan 3.9°u 

UK Food St Drink 13.6* , ,i France 4.0 °p 

How do you invest m the Trust? 

You can share in our success simply 
bv completing the form below and | 
sending it to us with your cheque. - 
The minimum investment 
for a lump sum is £1000. 

The aim of the 
Trust is to provide 
unitholders with 
maximum capital 
growth through a 
portfolio of securities 
which can be con- 
sidered as ‘Special 

General information 

Thr Tran mnihwnfJ t*i [!w Dr^jroneai nfTTidr lad IndiBnvurfCMiltmned Sj- Tnm 
DrrJ .. . 

CHI*r pm3EM«t&»is an iniiul ctmge af m .1 i*I wbicta ibr muuRen mav j»j, 
coaiDltuunit'iiittoRicdifXSi'. Tto?rncni -unuuldufRr a 1'-- per annum pirn VAT 
oitlwvjloeoi ibr lug J.UuicntBpwiyKbibt n mm nmofLW»pf«nm>tdby Ito 

L'mBnur b* ptn.hatrJ from itorotnagCTui rbr relinf Oflcrpn^f Da 
±c vrckl, dealurif; Fndai Coscnct omn mil be uiaed «tthm iccra 
daii cf cocnpi d ir^Jiuuoai and ctmtoam ibuold br tuned mihn 

Vmcimoy be told tncLmuy dealing di» nofrttlltmtv 
Fndi, aiartacDMlcuilnnThrbidrTKTcali-uliKdiB 
i^.urto.: ■< Ac fc gug incuiioldic Dcpamntmol Indriod 
lodoinr A cDiun^ ucr <nil to un mibm uno dsn and, 
provided ibe rcoMiKcd tembiaic n in (be baadurflbe auaaccn. paimeM will Donoillr 
to made ee ito itl fiwn Stock Eidsanpr a.YOdm dir 

Pncema n»Id, ue rablnbed m Tbe Tim and The Fnmnaal Times 
Tto nuo«m»iU send a irpon to unuboUlcto In Jumu^ and Jala lac omr a 
(biminiedon JulFl^eub ieat 

TtoIro5Ken.M(ifUiidBaak1nisCm>pair>Lid TtoStanagenaRChiR 
Manlima Faad Mmagw Lid, gepwrred olto Coleman Surtt, 

Loodnn ECJP2HD Xccuutedm Ewland \a IWJW5 Telephone So D1-W6 60S 
Tbe unm and hum haw nw been regwariuadffi he appmpn a ie Caned Siana 
lepalama Aeavdin|tIiiiiiiiiina*niiitonB(«d l ioldi!rdehtind,daectl*ariiidiieeil!im 
the l' McdStaieiai to ■ Coiled Sam penon 

Srmfm it* laumdt lw them l» 
y am a t v, At Spt tia i .WiuM tou 



. 1 

Tb: Chase Manhattan Fund Managers limited, 
nm Rati n ghah Street, London EC2V5PP 

I.rtXe wish to invest the lump sum of £ 

.minimum £1000 is 


What is the Trusts performance record? _ 

The Trust is the UKk fifth best-performing Special Situa- 
tions Trust over the last 12 months (Source: Money Manage- 
ment September 1986). Although it has yet to celebrate its r 
second birthday (22 October I986J, the Trust* Unit Price 
has more than doubled, rising from the initial offer price of 
25p to a bid price of 558p on 26 September 1986, a rise of 
125% since the launch, allowing for reinvestment of income. 
The conent yield is 0.72%. 

As with all other Unit Trusts the price of the units in tire 
Special Situations Trust - and the income from them — can - 
go down as well as up, although the above-average level of 
risk has yielded a higher than average return. 

i L'nusoiuuaimonauuiesapeciaiaituatiowTnuiLandcnciiuemy' » 

ourcheque.s payable to Chase Manhanan Fund Managers Limited 1 

i lamnoi/XooeofusisaLS person w indicated m the general 

information relating io the Trust | 

1 am AK‘e an over 18 years of age 

| Please send me moieinfbnaatioii about Chase Manhattan Securities 


•l^ i 



- = i ' 




II * 

great deal 
to 9,000 


CALLN 0 - 

DlO 1 ^ 

Deatercafl Is the biggest and mos t efficient sha re deafing service in 

How it works 

• tou apply for an in vestment limit to suit 
your dealing requirements. 

•We send 

numbered I 



•To buy and sell shares you call 
Dealercall on 01-242 3696 with your 

• Hoare G overt Dealercall negotiates 
the best pries available and reports 
back to you. Simple! 

What it offers 

• A high interest daily deposit facility 

• A free nominee facility to reduce 

• Limits are accepted for tran sections 
over £5000. 

•A pre-recorded commentary on 
market movements. 

• From 27th October, our standard 
commission rate will be reduced from 
1.65% to 155% (plus VAT). Our 
minimum commission will be £12.50 
plus VAT 

For further m formation aid an application farm send in the coupon below 



DnatercaH account opening form. 

• DeatetcaU Ud « a menfeeroi The Slock Exchange and a 
I suOsxtefyo(Bio Hoare GoveaRnancialSenncesGRiuD Ltd 

They’re after your TSB cheques 

01-242369B___ — 



Come home, all is forgiven. 
The financial institutions of 
Britain are opening out their 
ever-loving arms to re-em- 
brace the prodigal investors 
who tried and failed to acquire 
a stake in the Trustee Savings 
Bank flotation. 

They have ta The banks, 
buiklmg societies and unit 
trust groups are lining up in a 
huge scramble to attract the 
cadi that the TSB just could 
not take. 

More than £4 bflhon win 

have been dropped through 
the letterboxes of Britain this 
week. About five million peo- 
ple applied for shares, and 
only i. 1 5 million had the good 
fortune to receive an 

Of the public, only priority 
customers seeking 200 or 400 
Shimw? had their u pplfcatinns 
met in full. 

The rest wfll have either a 
letter of allotment plus a 
cheque for the balance — on 
average around three-quarters 

of the oiginal sum subsc ri bed 
for — or they will have the 
same old cheque returned, 
uncashed, if they have been 

We have £4 billion to spend 
and the institutions know it 
Just for this weekend all that 
money will be sloshing 
around, unspent, looking for a 
good home. 

There is no shortage of 
welcoming hearths if we are to 
judge from the breast-beating 
in the advertisements. This 
weekend win be a record for 
many newspapers’ personal 
finance sections, and not neo- 
essarily because the advertis- 
ers like the way the 
newspapers ate written. 

So what should you do with 
that cheque turning to mould 
in your pocket? That is an 
impossible question, as there 
are half a million people who 
buy The Times, every one 
with his or her own personal 

It is, however, possible to 
examine how you might eval- 
uate the options. 

Investment is about risk. If 
you are prepared to lose your 
money you might make some 
— at least that used to be the 
standard investm en t advice. 

To some extent it still holds 
good. If you are looking for 
substantial capital gains, you 
wfll have to take a risk. 

But today we are in an 
extraordinarily favourable 
investment climate for fixed 
interest deposits. This takes 
some of the steam out of the 
argument that profit means 

As price inflation is around 
2.5 per cent and building 
societies are offering about 6 
per cent more than that after 
tax, depositors can fed con- 
fident that their money is 
actually gaining in value. 

Moreover, they have a high 
degree of safety. The last time 
money gained value over the 

cost of living in this way was 
during the Depression, when 
inflation was negative and 
Interest rates were a couple of 

But anyone who put money 
into a UK unit trust five yean 
ago would have done hand- 
somely. The index has more 
than tripled since then* 

Of course, investors would 
have deserved their handsome 
capita! gains. They took their 
courage in both hands and 
their cheque book in one, and 
invested. At the time there 

was no guarantee that they 
would win through. 

Bernard Reed, of the Stock 
Exchange Options Develop- 
ment Group, says: “The small 
investor is looking at a spec- 
trum of risk. If he wants no 
risks be should glut his money 
in a bank or a building society. 

“At the other end of the 
spectrum he can go into 
options and perhaps treble the 
capital quickly, though he 
might lose everything. 

“The gradations in between 
include shares and unit trust 

How much of a risk are you 
prepared to take? Before cut- 
ting out the coupons and 

yOTr^^ffyou^f bear the 
thought of losing a third, or a 
half, or all your money. 

If you can, it is speculative 
capital or you have a serious 
gambling problem. If the pros- 

pect of losing it all appals and 
frightens you. or if you happen 
to think that most share 
markets are on the way down 
and cash deposit is the best 
place, then look to the budd- 
ing societies. 

The Leamington Spa has a 
snappy little line: TSB to LSB 
(Leamington Spa Bond). This 
account offers 9 per cent net 
for a minimum £2,000 
commitment over one year, 
while £10.000 sums attract a 
handsome rate of 9. 75 per cent 
over six months. 

The Scarborough and 
Nationwide Societies have 
waived their rules in the hope 
of attracting would-be TSB 
subscribers back to the invest- 
ment flock. 

Cheques issued for purchase 
of TSB shares will, if returned, 
receive the foil amount of 
interest for the period when 
the money was technically 

This device has attracted 
some criticism in the industry. 
A Halifax spokesman said that 
the liquidity to honour the 
cheques had to be paid for, 
and that someone was sub- 
sidizing the failed TSB 

Nationwide, however, ve- 
hemently denies that other 
members are suffering. 

“The only cost to the society 
is the drawing of the cheque,” 
says a Nationwide spokes- 
man. “The society earns in- 
terest on the money up until 
the time the cheque is 

* If you decide you want a 
stock market investment, one 
of the best ways is a unit trust 

Of course, 'you lose 5 per 
cent of your money in initial 
charges, along with 1 per cent 
annually in most cases, but 
unit trusts have done very well 
in the past Past performance, 
as unit trust groups rightly 
point out is. however, no 
guarantee of future gain. 

The TSB itself is launching 
a new unit trust TSB British 
Growth, which will invest in 
large and small Briitsh com- 
panies trading both at home 
and in overseas markets. 

The bank is also launching a 
campaign to remind the 3.15 
million what a sound invest- 
ment they have made. This is 
presumably all pan of the plan 
to stop large numbers of 

investors selling more or less 
straight away, or “sragpng” 
the tone. 

FAC has launched a unit 
trust i which will invest, in 
financial institutions the 
world ^ver. • 

The group made a play of 
the tad that it would be 
investing in the TSB, and 
consequently might provide a 
second-best option for “foiled 

Th e fen 
the fed 
second -« 
financial 1 
The com] 
vour sha 

Stan, too, has a 
and on the market. 
|ny mil dispose of 
«s for yon free of 

Mur ihjfak 
out aMfSBskMi 

4 ul ‘Jim-iufc— 

commission atj the price ruling 
when the lend” is received. 

Naturally, tfe proceeds will 
be used to purchase units in 
the new unit tfrust 

If you really want to gamble, 
buy a share . or an option to 
buy or sell a ' share. But you 
must be prepared to lose all 
vour money, and you prob- 
ably will unless you are an 

No one can tell you how to 
spend your money. You must 
follow your own inclinations 
and tastes. The adverts and 
“bargains” will scream at you 
in the newspapers and. on 
radio and television as never 
before this weekend. 

But despite all the financial 
chest beating it is up to you 
whether you take a risk, or 
noL Or perhaps just spend it 
all on some luxury. 

Martin Baker 

What if the bank 
that likes to say yes, 

says no? 



Don’t worry. you need only give3 months notice. pro freepost (no sump needed) Bradford &Bingfcyn 

we nave an mvestment opportunity 111 (l£ however you require ifistanf arrrec t j BmkHng Society, Bingjey; Yorkshire BD16 2BR | 

tbe form of our High Interest Axount, that youTl only i 

wm^iaranree you a handsome return. withdrawn.) 7 \ 

WMsmore^itis^ire. For full details of our HS^iIntere^: I 

. . earn you 85% net pA on a Investment Account, send the mupnn or dial j 

^“"“inmiiivestment of £1,000 (or 2,000 TSB 100 and ask for fieephoneBridford&Bindey. 

■ , - WeoouW^eyoutfaeanswerj^Vel 

Should you wish to make a withdrawal, been warring for J 

ake a withdrawal, been waiting fix plans are bulk around you 


T 11/10 



With high inte Z%~r 
every quartan 


For full details of our prompt 
postal service — 

Just send this advertisement 
with your name and address 

telephone at any time. 

Dept TP, 120 HighHolbom, London WC1V6RH 
Tel: 01-242 0811 (out-of-hours answerphone) 


Wb Oder you the strength <rf 

twenty societies 

* we operate without branch offices to 
maintain the lowest cost ratio. 



THE FUND — primarily invests in "exempt" 
British Government securities (Gins). Tnese are 
Gltts which are not liable to any UK- taxation. 

of any withholding taxes. 

A REAL RETURN — inflation is now 
under 3%. me Fund therefore provides a real 
return of mare man 9%. 

NO FIXED TERM — me Investment can 
be held Tor as long as you wish, you can sell at 
anytime, cxi any Business day 


~me Fund has been certified as a "Dtsoibuting 
Fund" under me provisions or me U.K. Finance 
Act 19B4 irrrespeaof its latest account period. 

MfM Britannia international is part of Britannia 
Arrow Holdings PLC. a LIU public company 
capttaHsed at over £3tX)m wtm over 30.000 share- 
holders. companies within me Britannia Group 
manage investments valued in excess or £a 000 m 
from international offices In London. Boston. 

1 % 


to 14th November 

pension funds, unit trusts, mutual funds, institu- 
tional and private accounts. 


COMPLY I fc' COUPON - anarecahca deanari n^rpr 

'GmJmtBdasetCthOctobcr i960. 

The Fima is based in Jereey and is listed an 
The Stock Exchange. London 

P.O.Box 271. st Heller. 

Jersey. Channel islands. 

■WefliHine jersejriosMi 73i Ktoe* aiscOMBRTTTMG 







* nr •> °r [«. 


: -'i 

i*la> of 

'jj* ff 

• •• ; . '"•■hi . anj 

. . . 


■' tr«* 

" l I'.V 

How to give 
without being 


wiaurois’ ercnce comes the tax fector. 

Living, fia«LuTj- Itle Of Whether the gift is to be a one- 
of thinking. SJSl 5011 ! ^? art a ®“ r 10 nearest and 
friendshin anrf h^^ narri ®8 e * dearcsl or a regular donation 
none on Sving/ ppmes5, 10 a chanty, it can be ex- 



y ' r Mt 

, ■( 
if.- So 

* V 
\ , 




Chanty would thus besS- 

Sv ^ -? ^ Jarger than a ^ 

^jribution. Bui they 

Si!! dde ? ,y ** wSS 

mplus of wcrJdlv wealth 

tTOm a aamo , r , - "'tauui ^.vvu, Uif kihiuw yiui 

sain. inKlJto chance J capilal Trusl administered by 
nr rZj.._ J entance - retirement Barclays Unicom with invest- 

by courtesy of your 
Inland Revenue. A 
donation of £79 from a base 
taxpayer becomes £100 as a 
covenanted gift. The £21 
saved can be added to the 
original gift with no extra 
sacrifice from anybody. Get 
leaflet 1R 47 at tax offices. 

Several unit trusts aid char- 
ities with covenants. Some 
allow the unit-holder to keep 
any capital growth and donate 
only the income. Flexible 
s chemes are run by Hoare 
Govett, the Mencap Unit 

; r\ 

L ^Us ID 

‘ 1 ’“panihle. 

"^"‘•■n ;o 

'■ ” u > vou 
' v! ,rt all 
; *• •“»: pmb. 

;,r e an 


h.iu ; 0 

• • ‘ ■ L- must 

n ' i-uiions 


'••" T -M \|>U 

• •' . r. i ii^ 

J MiT 

• ■••JlrtUl 
• J *' »|'IU 

> r.r 

'■ »rv:i-j i[ 




* „• 



. ."’"if 

or redundancy. 

f oHow: Can 
^?Jkl hin8 t soared for others? 

To w hom? What 
“fi* shouJ d be used and 
at what point does the givme 

nave to stop? ^ 

young man who lit- 
erally obeyed the injunction of 
giving ^ to die poor and put 
, ' va £ es into the church 
offertory, found that, far from 
gaining a crown in heaven, he 

First, consider 
your pre ferences 

found himself on the 
psychiatrist’s couch. In a 
t nnstian community, his 
generosity could be rwa med 
I on ly as incipient madness. 

■ So how do you give ef- 
ficiently, and escape the same 

Several factors help the 
choice. They are, first, the 
giver's preferences and experi- 
ences. and then the three Tsof 
ta “tat” and tacL 
The filling of empty bellies 
might well seem the first 
priority of any giving. Oxfiun 
and Cafod are well known in 
this field, along with Bob 
Geldof s magnificent efforts. 

But if you have seen mental 
or physical handicap in your 
own circle you cannot shut 
your eyes, and so you are more 
likely to make donations to 
Mencap, the Leonard Chesh- 
ire Foundation, Hosanna 
House for holidays for handi- 
capped young adults, the Cys- 
Qtir Fibrosis Trust and other 
similar organizations. & 
Personal experience may 
encourage you m other direc- 
tions — to’ donate a gift in 
memory of a deceased relative 
such as the Catherine 
Pakenham award for journal- 
ists, or prizes or endowments 
at a school or college. 

Someone who has not had a 
break for years might appre- 
ciate a timeshare holiday 
through something like the 
Holiday Property Bond. Al- 
though this is likely to depre- 
ciate by about 20 per cent in 
value over the fust two years, 
a holiday apartment for a 
week or two with nothing to 
pay for maintenance, gas or 
electricity, is not to be sneezed 
*i. l ran be taken in England 

After such personal pret- 

Barclays Unicom with invest- 
ment policy by M&G, and 
Fidelity International with 
funds to benefit several 
named charities through the 
Charities Aid Foundation. 

The latter is itself a charity. 
One covenanted deed to this 
foundation allows you to 
spread your gift among several 

Giving efficiently to chil- 
dren or other relatives is 
helped by knowing a couple of 
useful rules. In your lifetime 
you can make gifts up to 
£3,000 and any number of 
smaller ones up to £250 in any 
one year. You can also bring 
forward £3,000, if unused, 
from the previous year. 

The gins do not have to be 
reported unless the transfers 
exceed £10,000 a year or the 
total exceeds £40,000. These 
are reporting limits. But you 
can still pass on a total of 
£71,000 without incurring any 
tax penalty if you die soon 
after making foe gift. Cu- 
mulative totals of more than 
£71,000 are taxed on a reduc- 
ing scale if foe giver dies 
within seven years ... a great 
inducement to healthy living. 

Another efficient way of 
giving is through National 

Bribes win bring 
double trouble 

Savings products. Most of 
these can be held by individ- 
uals, including children, of 
any age. For someone paying 
no or little tax, they are a. 
useful gift, as are gifts bought 
through the National Savings 
Register with dividends paid 
gross toarrive on a birthday or 
other special day. 

NS certificates are useful for 
taxpayers of a forgetful nature 
or for wives — until tax laws 
are changed — as the certifi- 
cates do not need to be entered 
on income tax. Premium 
Bonds for children under 16 
can be held by parents, guard- 
ians or grandparents. 

After tax considerations, 
comes “tat", a mnemonic for 
foe expression tit for taL 
Although few people give and 
never count foe cost, all are 
expected to eschew reward in 
the form of handouts or 
backhanders. Such tit-for-tat 
behaviour, when not part of 
business advertising (sponsor- 
ing etc), is frowned on by the 

- C - -jJ& 

Dr Henrv Duncan 

Invented in Scodand 

J i 




Also Invented in 



“9 day Wdyould^ver the other 

Stn«^n«yo fih ed^ 

| - 


J Ham (Mr. IK- — 

You we GeveRousro a 



Poi/fc/DS. vueftse. 


Generosity was hard work for Saint Bob - for mere mortals there are other problems 

Revenue and can incur pen- 
alties for both the giver and 
the one who receives. 

Thus gifts such as a house 
which the giver continues to 
occupy wfll bear inheritance 
tax. A solicitor or accountant 
who draws up a covenant 
without charge might be as- 
sumed to be doing this in foe 
expectation of future custom, 
and merit a rap on foe 
knuckles at least. 

And be who gives and he 

who takes are in double 
trouble where bribes are con- 
cerned. The crucial distinction 
between a gift and a bribe is 
the dement of secrecy. The 
more public foe offering, foe 
less likely is it to receive 
scrutiny under the Prevention 
of Corrnpnon Acts. Gifts 
made solely for foe purpose of 
tax avoidance, too, are 

Lastly, efficient giving 
needs tact. The really des- 

perate poor do not mind from 
whom their succour comes. 
Those still dinging to their 
independence do. A saintly 
person explained to one old 
lady, needing, but protesting 
against getting help: “If you 
don't practise foe virtue of 
humility, I can't practise the 
virtue of charity." Those 
words neatly sum up foe art of 

Jennie Hawthorne 

Weekend openinghours. 
Barunittrust investors 

Now Fidelity has made unit trust investment as easy as picking up your phone. 
Even at weekends. 

You can now get personal investment advice or buy and sell any Fidelity unit 
trust when it suits you. 

As you read today’s personal finance columns you can act right away. 

The lines are also open Monday to Friday from 9.00am to 9.00pm. 

Valuable free advice that doesn't even cost you 
(the price of a phone call. 

CaUfiee 0800 4MK3, now 



When Is The Best Time To Invest 
In A Successful Company? 

Or Here? 

It’s sometimes hard to remember that 
Habitat was once just a one-off store in 
London’s Fulham Road. 

ThatSaatchi and Saatchi was a four- 
man creative consultancy as little time ago 
as 1970. 

And that Amstrad was started with 
die preposterous idea that a British 
company could make money from 

Yet look at them now. All hugely 
successful businesses that have rewarded 
investors who shared their faith with 
hanefeome returns, to put it mildly. 

So what of todays embryonic 
companies driven by good ideas and 
aggressive managements? 

Will they reward the farsighted 

investor with equally lucrative returns? 

And will it really prove more profit- 
able than purring money behind bigger 

A recent stud)’ by Professor Paul 
Marsh and Dr Elroy Dimson of the 
London Business School shows that port- 
folios of small company shares have out- 
performed portfolios invested in blue chip 
companies over the longer term. 

Which is whv we, at Prudential, are 
launching our brand new Holbom Small 
Companies "IhisL 

Its ainu to achieve capital growth by 
investing in small companies, mainly in 

And although the Holbom Small 
Companies Trust is a new idea, spotring 

winners is something Prudential has 
made a habit of in the past. 

Every year we investigate hundreds 
of companies and their managements. 
This enables us to identify which young 
businesses are most likely to become big 
businesses, well ahead of the market 

Of course, you must remember that 
die price of units and the income from 
them can go down as well as up. 

Bur from past success we feel pretty 
confident about the future. 

If you’d like a stake in our new 
Holbom Small Companies Trust, 
nothing could be easier 

To buy units at the initial price of 
50p just complete the coupon. 

Oryou can buy diem directly over the 
phone by ringing our LinkLine number 
below, between 9 am and 5 pm weekdays 
or weekends. Abu need only pay when 
you receive the contract note. This offer 
must dose on the I7th October 1986. 

Admittedly our Holbom Small 
Companies Trust is still in its infancy but 
as we’ve already pointed out, isn’t chat 
the best time to invest? 

TO: PmdmmI L’nn Tnw Miniver* LutiikJ. ... 

FREEPOST. (Sin .uipp rwHiirrJl’ Ufa A Em<» “MSgpSBS 
IGl JDLWoi-irsU-T. 

liYWuuh lonurvt i he t 


mHolK'mSccaUCoaifaninTnci Mi P tm um QflOO 
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id orrooil u:in» |~l 

Vine chcqne should he nude fiiahic to Prndmnil L"«VU Tran 
Minium Loured. 

Hme complete ihe fi«!fmwin BLOCK CAPITALS. Tl SC 2 
Surname MAl..\l^v—.- 



Signature , . 

If the uruo at rtyntncJ m iporr ihm oor nirrr. pW-i*c Jtuch full 
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NOTE .Af^nficms received h INh October PSh mil be drill 11 
the bed oner of i Op. After ibai dire umu Mill hr nailable ji lhrdaih 
oAt pner, ipprarme in ihe naiirau! mm. 

Thi» ode- mat tb» Miiujm Jbereuon. 


Pradeurnl Umt Manjgen Tni« Lnrjitrd. fl Sf 

To Buy Units At 50p In The New Holborn Small Companies Trust Ring Linkune 0800 oio J45 Free Today 

General aiswminotr. Bottdj and leflmgunit.: Cooiriff tkxc. ncrnulli «enr mil h rrtuni ofpnc. ermfuum mil 
bto*' wuhui 2S -in-s L'mu- cm he pom « the pnailn^ (ni pew* hi Mmf h .ending rhr TtniHtneed mtihr ate is ihr 
MumeTK Parmcni ndl noiraalh hr made within f iavx. .After the flier nf'ihc mmal o*e. mm pner. and \reJd. util 
he ciknliied da-T. and Aown m ihr Tme^ the Fminrul Time, and or fuel ail tonal ntm^rnv Rrmuncnimn w 
JmJ 10 quihftrd nitrnncdianrvai rirevirr ituJaHc pn rcnueM.Thw h- m mnol rkiiw ol'thr offrr jnve at 

non. An annual mmagetnmi ,har^ ofRM+ VAT1 rfihrialw ol die fund ..dediwied ftemnrtf. mcenM andillnu.d 

Mi m i hr eMirruieJ wrlJ. The Tnm Drcd permit* a nuurin imnul .'hirer nf J* 1 # Mihfrn u* ifcf Mmaym 
ptmiduu: I mooih* noiu'r. fnrcHnr. The mirul e. injure. I .n*- iwld. JI ihr mnul mfir pn:e ri M)p ► J*. Income i* 
dnmhotcd i«ih on JIm June md JUi Prer m hcr and the ftfj Jninhuin'n uiJl he .T*i ]unr PW7 The Turn i* 
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Fun details contained in latest 
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01-351 6022 


Some hope, 
but it’s not 

a gusher 


If you want to see a sad 
investor, find one who put all 
his money into energy shares 
about a year ago. While all 
around him were making 
merry as world stock markets 
climbed ever upwards — with 
a few fits and starts in places — 
fens of the energy sector were 
subjected to an almost never- 
ending stream, of bad news. 

The chief harbinger of 
doom was, of course, the oil 
-price. As the supply continued 
to pull further away from 
demand, the price could only 
go down. However, few could 
have expected it to plunge so 
far, so fast. A barrel from the 
North Sea Brent field, worth 
$30 a year ago, changed hands 
at less thanjlO in July. If we 
got a mild winter and little 
extra demand from industry, 
said the pundits, a $5 barrel 
was on the cards. 

However, just as the gurus 
spoke, the oil price started to 
g)B up «pin — life has a 

charming habit of proving 
them wrong. This was largely 

thanks to unusual unity from 
the moguls in Opec, the 
Organization of Petroleum 
Exporting Countries. Having 
finally awoken from dreaming 
of the days when oil was $40 a 
barrel and they could afford to 
buy a London hotel every 
hour, the 13 Opec ministers 
stopped the rot by agreeing to 
restrict production. 

The markets took the mes- 
sage — underlined by the 
ministers at another Opec 
meeting in Geneva this week 

— and a barrel of Brent is now 

- trading at around $i4. 

So does this mean now is 
the time to examine the 
attractions of energy unit 
trusts? If you decide to take a 
peek, you will at least expend 
little energy looking for them, 
because there are not many 

The awful energy market 
has deterred management 
companies from promoting 
energy-related funds and you 
will find no more than half a 
dozen such trusts — so few that 
they do not even have a 
category of their own and they 
have to be lumped with 
commodity funds to take up a 
decent amount of space in the 
price tables. 

If you are interested, do not 
look for anything too 
spectacular because fireworks 
are most unlikely, according 
to Peter Holland, who man- 
ages the County Energy Trust 
run by National Westminster. 

He says: “I don’t think 
there's a lot of upside in 
energy shares. To makea great 
deal of money we would need 
to see the oil price go to 520- 
plus and stay there. That’s 
unlikely. We think 515-S20 is 
a reasonable expectation to 
take over the next six 

However, he feels energy 
shares do have attractions as 
the stock market boom wanes. 
There they stand, depressed 
and unloved, but often 
representing companies with 
solid assets, high dividend 
yields and strong cash flows. 
The shares might just catch 
the eye of investors who take 
profits in the high-flying sec- 




Men of decision: the Opec ministers, whose deliberations can fhc prices and investors' fortunes 

tors now beginning to look a 
little pricey. 

The County portfolio is 
strong on quality with invest- 
ments in blue-chip companies 
whose fortunes nevertheless 
are strongly influenced by the 
oil price: They include such 

One fond with a 
34 per cent rise 

wildcat oil prospectors of the 
sort which got dozens of 
Texan banks into trouble 
when the oil price slumped, or 
the giant energy companies 
such as Dome of Canada 
which spend more time talk- 
ing to their bankers to re- 
arrange their huge debts than 
actually looking for oiL 

quality "majors” which not 
only explore and produce oil 
but have “downstream" op- 
erations that refine it into 
petrol, chemicals and other 
products and can therefore use 
any fell in price to their own 

famous names as Shell, 
Burmab Oil, BP, Chevron, 
Exxon and MobiL It also 
features diversified energy* 
related companies such as I Cl 
and Rio-Tinto Zinc, power 
supply utilities and a few 
companies supplying services 
to the energy industry, which 
Mr Holland expects to show 
recovery as the oil price trends 

What are absent from Mr 
Holland's list are speculative 

Mr Holland says it is no 
good getting the energy price 
trend right if all you invest in 
is a company for which the 
only benefit is that bankruptcy 
is held at bay a little longer. 

on quality again 

One man who managed to 
get most things right in the 
past year was Alec Callender, 
of Edinburgh investment 
managers Baillie Gifford. His 
energy trust rose 34.4 per cent 
on an offer-to-bid basis in the 
year to October I, better even 
than the FT 30-Share Index. 

Like Mr Holland, his -secret 
of success was to invest in the 

Mr Callender's tiny fund 
also reaped great benefits from 
investing in a ■ Japanese 
electricity utility. The utlity 
benefited from the falling oU 
price - which plummeted 
even faster in local terms as 
the yen rose — and saw its 
finance bills cut with dropping 
interest rates. Just to add icing 
on the cake, the strong yen 
meant more pounds for Mr 
Callender when he sold his 

With the oil price edging bp " 
again, he Callender is now . 
extending his exposure to pure : 
oil producers, . but is again .{y 
sticking to quality, avoiding : 
the “Greedy Gulch Drilling ~ 
Company” operations which * 
have a nasty habit of drilling 
all the dry rock strata to be * 
found in America’s oilfields. . 

For those funds which put * 
most of then- clients’ , funds . 
into producing companies, r 
1986 has been a tale of wpe. . 7 
The Target Energy Fund,--, 
which lost 30 per cent of its 
customers’ money in the year 
to September, will not even 
make it into 1987, having just - 
merged with its sister 
Commodity Fund. As the pair ' 
were respectively the third -7 
and fourth worst performing 7 _ 
unit trusts in the land, it can 9 
only be hoped that the sum -7 
proves to be greater than the 
parts. . -. . ; : : 

Richard Lander 

Investment. A re you hoping for the best 
or talking to the best? 


NPI would like you 10 stop and think carefully 
before committing your savings to any form of 

Particularly since the opportunities to make 
money, and the alternative ways of doing it. are 
increasing day by day: and receiving more and more 
attention in the national press. 

Meaning that banks, building societies and 


To: Kate Maxwell, 

NPI, National Provident House. 
Tunbridge Wells. Kent, TNI 2UE. 
Tel. No. 0892-705467 



National Savinas are no longer regarded as the only 
tried and tested f 

financial institutions able to handle 
your investment 

That's why you should talk to NPI about their 
Unit Investment Plans. They are some ofthe best 
and most consistency top performing investment 
products available, built on a foundauon of over ISO 
years of experience. 

lfyou would like 10 know how to share in NFI's 
success contact your local adviser or fill in the 
coupon and return it to us today. 

All the best. 




l_ TTln/loj 

A critical case 

The legal aid system has had its fair share of 
critics. Barristers have raised objections to the 
low fee scale on which certain members of the 
Bar are remunerated. Solicitors have their 
reservations, and now the National Consumer 
Council (NCC) has its say. 

The NCC criticizes the recommendations of 
a team from the Lord Chancellor’s Depart- 
ment and the Treasury that advice centres 
should play a for more significant role in 
advising on civil disputes. 

The NCC believes solicitors should con- 
tinue to deal with the first interviews in 
divorce and personal injury suits, but says that 
advice centres tend to know for more than 
solicitors about claims for welfare benefits, 
landlord and tenant disputes and small claims 
in the county court — anything under £500 
goes to informal arbitration in private^ 
normally with the registrar as arbitrator). 

Slowly but surely is the NCCs recom- 
mended route. It claims that at present advice 
centres are not equipped to take on the work 
and predicts the upgrading of advice centres 
would take 10 to 15 years. 

“The present legal aid system must not be 
ditched without something better being put in 
its place,” says the NCC chairman, Michael 
Montague. “Above all, we urge caution and 
time for full debate by all concerned before 
radical changes are made.” 

One particularly interesting NCC recom- 
mendation is the establishment of an indepen- 
dent legal council to set standards for all 
lawyers, investigate complaints and ensure 
basic competence. One wonders what the Bar 
Council and Law Society will have to say 
about that jyjg 

Insurers’ fears 

Life assurance companies intend spending as: 
much as £10 mfTK nn os a television and press . 
advertising c a mp ai gn to convince the public at . 
the merits of Heating through independent 
insurance intermediaries. 

The move is being spearheaded by die bin 
Scottish mutual life offices, including Standard. •• 
LiTe and Scottish Widows, as well as English 
offices, mefnding Clerical Medical. and Nor - 
wich Union. The of the new... 

group i ng , which officially does nbtexirt yet, is.-- 
Frank AttriU, of Scottish Widows. He hfr. 
reluctant to go into peat detail yet beyond ■ 
saying that if agreement jin principle can be.j 
reached among thejampanfes concerned, ait 
approach wonU then he made to organizations: 
representing investment advisers and insur* !/. 
ance brokers, such as FIMBRA and BIBA, to - - 
ensure that the pbns of the life companies ang - - 
intermediaries were not in conflict. 

Traditionally, the mutual fife offices, which- 
control around 35 per cent of British life 
premium income, have got- their business - 
through independent intermediaries rather 
tfaan tied sales forces.' They fear toe propose? 
Financial Services Act will make it more 
difficult for these intermediaries to stay in 
business ami could lead to a drastic cot in 
market share for the mutuds. 

BiD Pfoodfoot, Scottish Amicable’s chief 
executive, said tins week: “If polarization 
comes about as a result of the legislation, we 
wonkl pot a substantial part of oar annual £3 
nri&lon advertising budget into this campaign.” 

The mutual offices are also considering 
regional roadshows and a seminar for inter- 
mediaries at the Wembley Conference Centre. 

____ Peter Gartland 


What do 

you need to 
succeed in vour 
new business? 


bed todays competitive 
jead ' 

You Can hope than Luck will cany you through. 


Therea* is a rage of highly respeaed, highly pracriol and I 

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Shape of loans to come 

J&e Halifax, Britain’s 
®^8®st building society 
announced this week 
its plans for 1987 and 
jwyond. MARTIN 
BAKER analyses the 
prospects fora 

fradftSonal indostry in the 

throes of radical 
change and asks what It 
means for the 


9 Building societies are set for a 
oig sang ail of their own next 
year. The Building Societies 
Act. which received Royal 
Assent in . July, comes into 
force next January. 

There are two schools of 
nought on the legislation, 
perhaps it offers societies the 
ve ty^t pastures of new finan- 
cial freedoms by permitting 
them to compete on equal 
tenns with the banks. Or does 
u provide the banks with the 
opportunity to break the 
building societies for exactly 
thesame competitive reasons? 

The building societies are 
aware of the threat from the 
^ banks and have, therefore, 
••chosen to tread cautiously. 
Enthusiasms and fears are, of 
course, spread unevenly 
throughout the industry. And 
the balance of confidence will 
reflect the services provided 
next year. 

No society will be exploiting 
all its new freedoms at once. 
Every one win select hs 
particular favourite and nur- 
ture it carefully. 

Current account banking, 
for example, is far from 
universally popular. The Hali- 
fax will not be challenging the 
banks directly in this field. “If 
at all possible we want to enter 
money transmission on a 
% plastic card rather than a 
paper basis," said a 

There are no prizes for 
guessing why: “The banks 
have generations of experi- 
ence with cheque accounts 
and a massive high street 
presence. If we were to com- 
pete with the Barclays and the 
Nat Wests in that area it would 
require massive capital 

But the Nationwide sees the 
provision of a cheque guar- 
antee card as a key new service 
for 1987. 

Nationwide regards the fact 
that it will pay interest to its 
cheque account customers as a 
crucial competitive edge and 
appears unafraid of the ex- 
pense of handling cheques or 
^ihe expertise of the banks. 

Most big societies ajr un- 
certain which way io~1iuhp. 
Should they take on the banks, 
or do as the Halifax is doing 
and “try to miss out on a stage 
of money transmission which 
we-ltelieve will be obsolete in 
20 years’ time"? We shall see. 

Plastic is certainly becom- 

ing increasingly popular. The 
Halifax has developed hs own 
system of cash transmission, 
but the other societies have 
pooled resources and come up 
with two rival cash networks, 

The advantages of sharing 
capital costs are obvious — 
those boles in the wall are 
expensive, but one wonders 
what they do for the compet- 
itive edge of the network 

Neither system is fully inte- 
grated yeL ln other words, the 
cardholder of one society can- 
pot use another -society’s hole 
in the wafi. But once the new 
Act comes into force and 
building societies are allowed 
to gram overdrafts, integra- 
tion will be easier. 

The power to lend without 
taking property as security wifi 
certainly help the societies fod 
the boom in consumer credit. 

Kirkham: bope of a cut 
The big societies have reason- 
ably sophisticated computer 
systems (some of them are 
rather slick), which can easily 
be adapted to administering 
unsecured loans ana 

The Abbey National has 
made no secret of its in- 
tentions for several years. 
Donald Kirkham, chief exec- 
utive of the Woolwich Eq- 
uitable, told The Times this 
summer that his society would 
enter the market and hope to 
shave one. two . or perhaps 
even three points from the 
cost of borrowing. 

Brave decision to 
sell insurance 

The Halifax will certainly be 
entering the unsecured loan 
business. It sees “some scope 
for price cutting, though we’d 
be unhappy if a price war 
broke out". 

Next year the building soci- 
eties will be using their offices 
to sell all sorts of insurance 
services and they will even 
offer us alternative invest- 
ment media. This is a brave 
decision in view of the 
pummelling the societies have 
laken at the hands of the unit 
trust industry this simmer. 

Nationwide will offer its 
customers pension plans, unit 
trusts and the Personal Equity 

Plan, all of whkh are more or 
less direct competitors with its 
own investment accounts — 
although so me pension plans 
invest . in building so ciety 
deposits, and the PEP will 
allow investors to keep then- 
cash on tax-free deposit for a 
year before the plunge into (he 
share market 

The talk in what was once a 
gentle, almost timeless, in- 
dustry is now of supermarkets 
and products. “We shall be 
raking a Sainsbuiy’s line 
rather than a Maries & Spencer 
approach." said Nationwide. 

The Halifax will be taking 
things a lmic more slowly. 
Pensions and PEPs are not 
scheduled before 1988. 

Housing services are also set 
to change. No society’ is as yet 
keen to embark npon 
conveyancing. They are con- 
tent simply to see the lawyers’ 
fees pushed down by com- 
petition. Many are also look- 
ing at developing, selling or 
renting their own houses, 
while more house sales will be 
done through the medium of 
tied estate agents. 

Nationwide has acquired 
260 offices around the coun- 
try. while the Halifax has 
negotiated just one deal in 
Yorkshire, with “ others in the 
pipeline, although progress is 

What about mutuality? It 
may not seem important to 
the consumer, not as though a 
change of status will make an 
immediate and obvious dif- 
ference, but some managers 
feel corporate status will help 
them in the day-to-day run- 
ning of the company. 

The Abbey National, for 
example, will not reveal its 
plans before a special meeting 
of members in November, 
and Nationwide’s plans need 
ratification next week. 

Although the possible 
change to limited company 
status will not change the 
colour of the office wallpaper, 
there are significant advan- 
tages to be gained. 

Ask any TSB priority ap- 
plicant Once a building soci- 
ety relinquishes its mutuality 
it loses its protection from 
takeover. This could also be 
beneficial for members: 
CitiSavings, the financial ser- 
vices arm of Citicorp has 
made no secret of its desire to 
acquire a budding society of 
about 250 branches, and there 
are rumours of the predatory 
intentions of other banks 
looking for a “delivery 

For some budding societies, 
mutuality is no more than a . 
benign fiction which protects 
them from takeover. What 
may be good for the share 
price may not be good for the 
board of directors, goes a 

rather timorous train of 

The Abbey National has 
been flirting more or less 
openly with corporate status 
for the past few years. A 
spokesman said the Abbey has 
certainly been taking a “rig- 
orous took" ai going public, 
but while “the pic issue is 
being reviewed the new busi- 
ness rives us more than 
enough to do in the short 

The new Act wdl make 
societies wait for at least a year 
before converting in any 
event. Furthermore, at toast 
20 per cent of members must 
participate in the decision - a 
tad order for a society with a 
big membership base. 

Nationwide said it win re- 
tain its mutual status: “We're 
offering the same services, but 
not the same philosophy as 
the banks." Tim Melvdk- 
Ross, the chief general man- 

Mefrille-Ross: no change 

ager, said when announcing 
the new services that (here 
would be no change from 
mutual to proprietary status 
while the society “can operate 
and provide services 

For the consumer the new 
budding society freedoms are 
a good thing. They represent 
greater choice and flexibility 
m financial services. As one 
society spokesman said: “We 
applaud the banks' expertise, 
not their opening hours." 

The pace of change wdl not 
be great, but the effects will be 

Even bank customers 
may feel benefits 

profound. It may well be that 
even bank customers will feel 
the benefits of the Building 
Societies Act 1986. The banks 
have for some time been 
resisting the idea of paying 
interest on current account 
fahnoc, which last year av- 
eraged £33 billion at the big 
four high street banks. 

When they are competing 
with building societies who 
pay interest on their cheque 
accounts and can offer over- 
drafts, cheque guarantee cards 
and an the other accoutre- 
ments of a full banking ser- 
vice, the tempiation to 
must be great 

ivich Sharp* j, 





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Building Society 

CHEF OFFICE: CHELTENHAM HOU». and investors’ Protection Scheme. Assets exceed S3.300 million. 

Member of the Building 5ocieII ^ an ches throughout the UK. SeeYeJtow Pages. 

-IniertS* P»*' d awuialh-; eunenf nueswfticfi may v a*y When toaemunt 


Where in the world 
will you make 
money next year? 



1. Thebenefits of fund management 
by a leading independent house 

The CS International Fund, a U.K. authorised unit trust, is 
managed by CS. Fund Managers Lid - part of an 
independent and highly protessional organisation 
responsible for £300 mulion of institutional and private 
money, of which a very significant proportion is invested 

2. Only 2% initial charges 

The majority of unit trusts make an initial charge of up to 
5°o. The low 2% initial charge on CS International Fund 
which applies until April 19S7 means that money invested 
now works a good deal harder for you. 

3. A portfolio to beat the indices 

The specific objective of the managers is to outperform the 
Capital Iniemauorul World tndex.’The initial portfolio will 
be spread between Bonds, (with an emphasis on the 
Deutschemark and the Yen) and equities in die US. Europe, 
the UK and the Far East 

4. Worldwide flexibility 

The aim of the CS International Fund is capital growth from 
a portfolio invested in markets worldwide. The investment 
policy is flexible and the managers will react quickly to 
changing circumstances. The emphasis is on equity 
investment and at least 60% of the portfolio will normally 
be invested overseas. 

Currency considerations, the relative merits of equity 
markets and individual share selection will play an 
important part in the development and implementation of 
the investment policy pursued by the managers. 

There is therefore genuine flexibility to protea the interests of unitfaaUas 
and maxmnse 

Invest now for international o p portunity 
To invest, please return the coupon with your cheque 
: minimum £1 .0001 and units will be allocated at the offer 
price then ruling. 

On 3rd October 19S6 the unit offer price was 56.8p and the 
estimated gross yield Z'. a. 

Please bear m mind that the price of units, and the income 
from them, may go down as well as up. 

You should regard your investment as long term. 


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A 30-YEAR 

Over the last thirty years you probably could not 
have held a unit trust with a better performance than 

£1,000 invested at its launch in June 1956 would 
now be worth £67,208 with afl hi come reinvested, 
compared with £8^.04 from a simfiar investment in a 
building society. To have maintained its purchasing 
power over the period, £1,000 would need to have 
^grown to £8,748. 

The British Stockmarket has been strong for a 
number of years, which is why many investors are 
now looking at overseas markets for new investment 
opportunities. But concentration in one particular 
area can produce very volatile investment results, 
and this year’s high ffier can often be next year’s poor 
performer. You should be wary of short-term per- 
formance claims, such as the “Over 50% &owtfi in 
just five months” quoted recertify for a European 
unit trust 

M&G has two International Funds which solve the 
problem by spreading your investment effectively among 
frie major stockmarkets of the world. 

The M&G International Income Fund aims to 
provide a high income, and one that can be expected to 
increase over the years, from an international portfolio of 

The M&G intemationalGrowth Fund aimsfor all-out 
capital growth by investing in the major stockmarkets of 
the world 

If you remain optimistic about the British Stockmarket 
and want a balanced portfolio, look at M&G SECOND 
GENERAL which aims for consistent growth of income 
and capital from a wide spread of shares mainly in British 


Value ol ILOOOmveaeU on 5th Amc 1956. 








5 June ’56 




31 Dec ’66 




31 Dec 76 




5 June ’86 




NOTES: AB r©wes include reinvest ed income net of basuwatotax 

The EuKfcng Society figjres are cased on an ext laimerest accouit offering 
liWaa»ove the average yearty rate (some: BuAlmsSooelxis 

Association). M&G SECOND GENERAL figures are reaksation values. 

To celebrate M&G SECOND’S thirty-year performance 

The price of units and the income from them may 
go down as well as up. This means that unittrusts are a 
long-term investment and not suitablefor money you 
may need at short notice. 

o<il.000»i*-csied atme iaum+. of MiG *. iwn &«wn.u«3nal Funds. 




Unit Trust 

Society - 




May *85 




Dec ’67 



NOTES: AI figures include remvesed Income net of base-rate tax. 

The Buidmg Sooety are based on an extra merest account offemg 

HrAfea&ove the average yearly rare teourcpiSuJfSng Societies 

Assooauon). M&G figures are realisation vaiues. 

FURTHER MfOBHUOION On 8tti October 1986 cflered 
pnees anriesbrnatedaoscurrertyieitJs were 

Income Accumulation YMd 
International tecome 65 ; Sp 67fp 5 42% 
Mernafioaai Growth 826-Ip 1329 9p 1-51% 

SECOND GENERAL 750-lp 1480 7p 3-76% 

prices and yields appear daily >n the Financial Times. Ite 
difference between the^ 'dferetT price (at which you buy units} 
3 nd the W pnee (at which you sell) is normally 6%. An tratiai 
charge of 5% s included m the offered price and an annual 
ehargeof up to 1% ol each Fund's walue- axrenBjf^ *>%{wcept 
InfOTafonal Income, winch is 3%) — plus WT b deducted fran 
gross income Income tor Accunuiaton units is ran nested to 
increase thar value and for Income units 4 e fcstributed net of 
ba$K-rate tax on (he follows dales: 

International Inte rna tional 

income Growth SECOND 


A> appBcstionsfor £LOOO or more received by 31st October, 1986 begtona*) extra 
1% aflocatkm of units, increasing to 2% tor applications of £10,000 or more per Fund. 

Please invest ttiesumls) indicated bdow in the Fundfs) of my choice (minimum in vestment in 
each Raid: &Q00) m ACCUMUUmON/INCONC units (delete as appbcableor Atxumulation 
units wfl be issued tor International Growth and SECONDand Income units will be issued for 
International Income) at the pnee ruling on receipt of this application. 

D0N0T5END any money. A contract note wdl be sent to you stating exactly how much you owe 

and the settlement date. Your certificate will 


1 June 
1 Dec 

20 Mar 
20 Sep 

15 Fob 
15 Aug 

Next distriiution Item 
for newnvestore 1987 

20 Mar 

15 fob 

YDu can buy or sdl ints on any business day. Contracts tor 

purchase or sale will be due for settlement two to three weeks 
later Remuneration 6 payable to accredited agents-ralesare 
available on reguest The Trustee for international Growth & 
Barclays Bank Trust Co. Limited and tor International Income 
and SECOND GEJCRALtsLkwis Bank Pfc. The Funds areaB 
wider -ranee mvestmentsand areauthonsed by theSecretaryof 
Stale lor Trade and Industry. 
ll&G Securities Landed, Three Quays. Tower HUE 
London EC3R 6BQ. Tat 01-626 4588. 

Member Of the UmtTngt AssoaaUon. 




£ -00 




£ 00 


. pp- 


j * 




PHONE AFCOR: 01-377 5511 

V? F>f ' 830 AM-S.00 PM 930 AW '-2.30 PM . 

10.00 AM- 1,30 I'M 


Tbcprt w i mitti ' M j 


Keep options open on all-in-one buying 

brokers, comm-^d 

ing the h«t 5 c . jrr ,, : - ; 



I Fhan dalimnaCstsofeai ■ 

^ O Mnme wlFrioagiiSadeSttasMeal 1 

I fcr dm sawn. Bby? Became 1 

over soh more when invested I 

01-729 8020 
Opus bB Ms w Mkea ri and next 


( DDADEDTV ‘N of properties than they will see 
V rnvrcn IT J in the traditional estate agents. 
_ . . . . But if commission on house 

utaie agency has remained sales is the bread and butler — 
lhe ■““»* favour for and a lot of bread and butter is 
most of 1986 as big financial charged — financial services 
institutions look for new should provide them with a 
wwids to conquer. thick layer of jam. 

Banks, insurance com- For a start you will need a 
Panics and building soaenes mort gage. and both the British 
are all crowding in, and only ^ American banks are just 
last week the Prudential an- 35 i^ D to provide them as the 
nounced that it now has 225 building societies. The old 
estate agents in ns chain - ^ 0 f recommended mort- 
almosl ha if- way to the 500 it «<* » rates have long gone, and 
hopes 10 own by the end of Swhole series of lenders now 





g fepA lHFSl 



ABN 10m 

Adam & Company 10.00% 

BCCI 10.00% 

Citibank Savingst 1055% 

Consolidated Crds 10.00% 

Cooperative Bank 10.00% 

C. Hoare & Co 10 . 00 % 

Hong Kong & Shanghai 10.00% 

Lloyds Bank 10.00% 

Nat Westminster 10.00% 

Royal Barit of Scotland 10.00% 

TSB 10.00% 

Citibank NA - 1000% 

t Mortgage Base Rate. 

neat year. 

Even the present numbers 
are vast- by the standards of 
traditional estate agency, but 
both the Hambro Countryside 
chain and the Lloyds Black 
Horse Agency are bigger than 
Prudential Property Services. 

New players will soon be 

ofTer people the option to 
borrow at a fixed rate for the 
three years, rather than face 
fluctuating costs. 

Through last summer, there 
were considerable variations 
on the income multiple that 
lenders would use to decide 

A wide choke of property, and of the financial package that goes with it 

joining them. The Nation- how much you could borrow 
wide, Britain’s thiitf biggest ^ that is less marked 
building society, plans to have now - 

a network of 350 agencies by 
the end of next year, though it 
still needs a formal go-ahead 
from a meeting of its members 
later on this year. The Halifax, 
too. has bought 18 agencies, a 
characteristically cautious toe- 
dip into the market, compared 
with the Nationwide's splash. 

Every entrant provides a 
ritual declaration about the 
virtues of being in estate 
agency, and all of them can 
almost certainly offer cus- 
tomers a much wider selection 


All that ensures that the 
mortgage offer your new-look 
estate agent may provide is 
not neccessarily the one that 
suits you best, and it may well 
make sense to look elsewhere. 

Mortgages are just where 
matters start. If you take out 
an insurance-linked endow- 
ment mortage the new estate 
agents will certainly have a 
package on offer. They will be 
Just as keen to sell you 
insurance covering both the 
structure of the house and 

your possessions inside it. 

Whatever happens, there 
will be no compulsion. If you 
happen to buy a house 
through one of the Nation- 
wide network, you can always 
use a loan from the Halifax to 
finance it. Equally, Prudential 
Property Services will accept a 
Norwich Union endowment 
policy to cover the insurance 
part of any mortgage you use. 

But one in five people who 
come into estate agents' stores 
are first-lime buyers, and they 
will certainly be steered, 
though not forced, into the 
owners' various loans or poli- 
cies. The same will apply to 
second-time buyers who want 

to extend an endowment 

But the Prudential’s agen- 
cies will have only Prudential 
policies on offer, and the 
Royal will probably take the 
same line, with the agencies 
where it has a minority stake. 

The Prudential's estate 
agency side may be excellent. 
But the company's life insur- 
ance policies have a lacklustre 
record. They have certainly 
never come near the top 10 
performance tables, where 
such names as Scottish Wid- 
ows, Norwich Union and 
Equitable Life feature very 
prominently. If you want an 
endowment mortgage, on past 

Hie loan 






tip to yon. 

Allow us to present what is surely the 
most flexible business loan available on 
the market today. 

Namely, die Lloyds Bank Business 
Loan. With it you can borrow as little as 
£2000 or as much as £1 million. 

And it also offers you a choice of 
repayment options no other bank can 
compete with. 

Repayment Loan 

If you opt for a straight repayment loan, 
you can have up to 30 years to pay it back. 
And you may also plump for regular 
monthly or even quarterly payments, 
whichever suits you best. 

Endowment Loan 

You can take advantage of this unique 
option when the term of your loan 
exceeds ten years. Interest is payable 
throughout the whole term, while capital 
is repaid with an endowment assurance 
poiicylt usually leads to a healthy cash 
bonus at maturity. No other major bank 
offers this. 

Fixed Interest 

There's a simple advantage attached to 
the fixed rate option. It allows you to 
budget precisely when forecasting your 


Variable Interest 

On the other hand, you may well prefer 
to take advantage of an interest rate at 

an agreed percentage above our base rate. 

Fixed or Variable Interest 
What’s more, you can switch from a fixed 
rare to a variable rate or vice versa every 
five years if you so wish without any 
charge whatsoever. 

Capital Holiday 

From the outset of the loan, you can defer 
capital repayments for up to two years 
while your cash flow grows ever more 

Stepped Repayments 
Alternatively, stepped repayments may be 
more to your liking. This way, you can 
gradually increase the amount you pay 
over the first two years. 

Early Repayments 

If your business performs better than 
originally forecast you’re entitled to repay 
part or even all of the loan early without 
giving any notice and without incurring 
additional cost. 

More Than One Loan 
You can take out as many loans as you 
require, be they for individual assets or 
complete projects. 

Accident and Sickness Cover 
Should you, your partners or your key 
directors be prevented from working 
through injury or illness, Loan Repay- 
ment Insurance buys valuable time by 
meeting repayments as they fall due. 

Death Cover 

This insurance also sees to it that in the 
event of the insured person’s death, the 
whole outstanding balance of the loan is 
cleared forthwith. 

The invaluable protection afforded 
by Loan Repayment Insurance is avail- 
able at set rates on loans up to £50,000 and 
for periods of up to ten years. 

However well gladly offer individual 
quotations on other loans. 

Whatever your needs in the cut and 
thrust world of business, we can help. 
Simply cut out the coupon and thrust it 
in an envelope. 

Alternatively, you can always call in 
at your local Lloyds Bank branch or call 
us free on 0800 444140. 

To: Lloyds Bank Pic, Business Loans, FREEPOST, I 
j Newbury. Berkshire RGB 2DE. ® 

| Please send me derails of your Business Loans and I 

i Services ro Business. , 


■ vnmr m mKiKtw » 

j I jm' j am nor a business customer at Lloyds flank. My branch*' 1 

L mv most comtmcm branch is — — _ . 

■j 5 ’Deleft: as appropriate. J 





form there are better groups to 
provide it- . 

At the moment, the 
company's charges for con- 
tents insurance are certainly 
ahead of those of its compet- 
itors — though the Prudential 
believes others will leapfrog 
over them and raise their 
premiums higher in future. 

How will building soneues 
react on the insurance side of 
house-buying? That depends 
partly on the final detail of the 
Financial Services Bill. 

As things stand now, the But 
will ensure that intermedi- 
aries, including the societies, 
will either have to be agents 
for one company, or act as 



■ The new season for Busi- 
ness Expansion Schemes is 
swinging into action. The 
Quester Capital Development 
Fund 1986 is the third to be 
launched by Quester Capital 
Management - the previous 
two funds came to the market 
under the name of Quester. The 
name may be changed, but the 
investment policy Is unswerv- 
ing. The managers will commit 
money to a wide variety of small 
unquoted companies in a vari- 
ety of sectors. 

The fund doses its subscription 
lists on December 15. Investors 

Building society ‘ ‘ ,‘ R C. 
straddle the t«o P-J * ir v 
acting as as cnls -*■*' 
different company ^ 
If last-minute changes - • 

them to continue m ^ 

position. hi,.. \<-> :iiii 


an as brokers. . 

New entrants to * 
agency business have br.u^ 
in new ideas — - nc 
Prudential will actua 

a chain-breaker bus in, 

house that is hoi filing % ^ 
whole senes of 
purchases in certain _ 

stances. But virtues on o.» 
side of the business d ; ^n< : 
implv that you should Un.-h- 
financial packages you vn-X ^ 

°*Th?answer. as always, is 
shop around. That goes ju~ - 
much for peop e s - - 

propertv and unlock 3. ■ - ; 
capital in the process, as ~ 
J-— o>r ordinary nosist-^ 

does for 

One-stop financial 
ping may seem enormous.? 
convenient. If it proves to - 
onc-choice shopping. « 
provide very lew bargains 
anyone — on loans or 

Tom Tickets 

counted to 5 per cent The 

to take an option for up to 
percent of the fund's holding in 
any company in which it 

Details: Quester Capital 
Management 2 Queen Anne’s 
Gate Buildings, Dartmouth 
Street London SW 1 H 9BP. 

How to coin it 

■ Buddy; can you spare a 
Merovingian coin? Anyone who 
can is probably reasonably 
weathy, as these coins are 
something of a rarity. They are, 
as you knew, the currency of 
ttie Merovingian kings. of the 
Ranks. For sheer obscurity 
alone, J. Pearson Andrew’s 
book, Coins and Investment, is 
worth a read. In addition, Mr 
Andrew traces the history of 
some coins, and the coin 
market in an informed manner, 
and the book is laid out in a 
pleasing way, despite a paucity 
of Hlustration. 

Although Mr Andrew warns 
against the caprice of the coin 
market readers really must 
bear in mind the investment 
risks. If you like coins for their 
own sake you are less likely to 
be disappointed. 

More for Europe 

■ European funds have been 
very popular with the marketing 
men. Every good fund manager 
should have one, seems to 
have been the motto. But three 
in one stable? Surely this is 
over-egging the pudding? 

Not according to Henderson 
Ad ministation, which is launch- 
ing a new European Income 
fund to complement its Euro- 
pean and European Smaller 
Companies unit trusts. There 
are few funds invested in 
Europe designed to produce 
income, and the forecast Is a 
yield of at least 4.5 per cent 
Henderson says it wffl exploit 
the trend 

companies of issuing bonds for 
income. The minimum invest- 
ment is £500, with an Initial 
charge of 5.25 per cent and an 
annual levy of i per cent Units 
in the fund will be on offer at a 
gnee of 5 Op, fixed until October 

Pru’s new one 

■ The Prudential's willingness 
to spend £200 million on 
establishing a nationwide es- 
tate agency network is indic- 
ative of the revolution which is 
sweeping the property market 
in the UK. its latest acquisition 
is Cubitt & West the firm of 
estate agents employing 300 
people in 25 branches h the 
south of England. The Pruden- 
tial was not Cubitt & West's 
only suitor. David Hill, the joint 
senior partner of the firm, says 
it was wooed by 20 others keen 
to snap up a ready made outlet 
for financial products such as 

insurance and mortgages. 

The insurance companies and 
latterly the building societies 
are looking for so-called flight 
net worth individuals to whom w 
they can sell their services m an 
increasingly competitive mar- 
ket Cubitt & West fits the bill 
nicely, being located in one of 
tiw most affluent areas of the 

The finm will have to sell the 
Insurance company's products 
but it will not be limited to what 
mortgages it can offer. Cubitt & 
West and the Pru are adamant 
that selling houses will remain a 
mainstream activity accounting 
for 70 per cent of profits. 

■ The Fraud Investigation 
Group rang. Our article on 
multipie applications last 
week said the first defendants 
on the BT issue of November 

1984 had been prosecuted last 

week. They were merely the 
latest. The first were brought . 
to book in April this year. ^ 






OwTnple Bonus Bond «J«rtoe- 
irrwtalBve attracted £ n*on& 
Nbui with oar brand new Security 
awl &mrtiBood. we you 

our bat offer to date. 
ww have (her money dnnded to 

¥ " th 

a S^™* l,, 1 ESoaet K w«i 

the balance mvested man 

exoUng new tend managed to a 


Thu eKar may dosa fo day,. 

Do not miss out 

CeB 0272 -276954 
for a Reservation Number 


Adiey Drew Limited 

Why Use Us? 

00*1 LUt JitfMrfaed 

FREE A tNteory Service & Current BecofnmMYtaTW- 
PMfrMntW new Munch dteo«ita^ Wd>,tons 

V '- B 0,1 Un * 1 'nwei & Cttnpmy tttsegunte 


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family MONEY/11 


~ ~jUTES~ 


Banks — — — 

^ a £S,\,: n ° imer8 s* paw. 

eslsbF* ai 


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MS"*- M 1 7.13 oiraamj 

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JJgWteoPta 700 7.23 

Sg^s/ 75 7 * 

Chwua Account 695 7.18 

asm Bwsja 
sse» 1736:95 

E23WPC95S9 675 692 
CT0.000 and over 790 7^9 
■n Sdoc Rosenn 
ttCW0-EB999 698 795 
£10.0001 owe 7.00 7.19 
Oppwheuner Money 
Mw»SW»w» Account 
undfli £10.000 63S 650 

over £10.000 645 660 

Roys' B oi Scotland 
■» Premium Account 790 7.19 
wSfcPCaH 690 793 
IZSOOtaaSSa 578 595 
OW H 0.000 698 6.15 

Tubei & Riey can 667 691 
T 5 R 7-Oay 666 680 

‘ ;rild '‘‘‘financing 
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REST tSSSL ili 737 

' gE*"£f * 1 795 7.44 0272735241 

TES SSSn* “» 0,1 

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Research: Deborah Bent 


for withdrawaK. Accowrts - if a mMnwm 

’CentUoytls^ HSPLSLI 1 ?? raWttned Wr 

3 «35 Mrcffle of 1366. 6 par cant interest 

er cent Waten Si P*-*w each complete month where 

■ obS! H xedteS b ® Jance ® w S00. othanwa 3 
to 224 999 *? PSf com. investment Accounts — 


Kaffir- “ 

months 7.008 per National Savings Encore* Bond 
“tor banks may Mranum invastmant £2.000. maxi- 
mum £100,000. Interest 112 per 
cant variable at six w enks* notice 
P 3 * monthly without deduction of 
CNAR TdejCore tax- R^jayrnemm 3 rnonms' notice. 

17.13 015386070 ****** m ***?**■ 

3 7.18 oi 628 6060 National Savings indexed income 

3 6.79 01B261CT Start rata mortHy incoma tor first 
9 719 mraiw year. Spar OBrt.increasad at and ol 
2 794 mcmStJ each year tp match increase m 

prices as measured by RetaHPiriceE 

^ Index. Cash value remains the 

same, income taxable, paid gross. 

f\ ~ — ~ Three months' nobca of vrthAawaL 
5 2" /V Minimum investment of £5u000 m 
Zt 7 "v " mufcptes O* £1.000. Maximum 

A A £ 100 . 000 . 

totionaf Savfag* 4ft tncfax-LWced 
s Cerbficetea 

TjWs\\\ Maximum investment — E51XM 

\Siap)'' excluding holdings of other issues. 

■ — < Return tax-free and inked to 

Vl 1 Changes m the Retail Prices Index. 

=" i / ~ Supplement of 3J» per cent in the 
/ 4 first year. 3J25 per cent in me 

■=■(.1 — second. 3.50 per cam in the third. 
— A -T — 4^0 per cent m the fourth and 6.00 

rL>—cPj per cent in the fifth, value of 

V s * J Retirement issue Certificates pur- 

x — ^ chased in October 1981. £146.75 , 

■=. o ii induding bonus and supptameaL 

~ August hPI 385 5 . (The new RPI 

“ figure is not announced unfit the 

! 72 0tsmi422 thud week of the foBowing month). 
>790 012388381 national Savings Certificate 

31st issue. Return totally free of 

■ 7.i8 016385757 income and captal gains lax. equfv- 
?J-3S SSS 3 ?!! alent to an ennuat interest rate over 

the five-year term erf 7.M per cent, 
1695 016264588 maximum investment £10.000. 
i g_g2 tmsam General extension rate for holders 
> 7.19 074220999 of earlier issues which have 

reached maturity «s BJ7I 

1795 oi 728 1000 »«*«»< Sevkigs Yearly Ptoo 

17.19 017261000 A one-year regular savings plan 
converting into four-year savings 

... certificates. MWrwan £20 a monm. 

“ £fg maximum £200. Return over five 

>690 01 2389382 years 8.19 per cant, tax-lree. 

17.19 0316970201 National Sevinge Deposit Betid 
I 793 0708 689G9 Minimum investment £100, maxi- 

1595 0705827733 ™ S«J 

1815 0705 827733 cent variable at srx weeks notx» 
r 691 oi 2K0952 credited annually without deduction 
I 680 012360952 of tax. Repayment at three months' 

notice. Half interest only pata on 
bonds repaid during first year. 

Local Authority Teetflng Bonds 
12 months fix ed rata mvestteents 
interest 11 per cam basic rate tax 
deducted at source (can be re- 
c&tfned Dy non- taxpayer), rrwnmum 
investment £1 .000. purchased 
through stockbroker or bank. 

Guaranteed Inco me Bo nds 
Retum paid net of base rate tax: 
higher rate taxpayers may nave a 
further liability on maturity. 1,2 S 
3yrs New Direction flnance/CrecSt 
8 Commerce. 9 per cane 4 & 5yrs ' 
Premium Lite 9.1 percent . 
local authority town half bonds 
Fixed term, fixed rate investments, 
interest quoad net (basic rate tax 
deducted at source non-redani- 
able) lyr Northamptep7.l per cent 
mm imr £500: 2A3yrs Bristol &25 
per cent; Hereford & Worcester 7 
per cent min mv £1.000; 8yrs Vale 
of Glamorgan B.13 per cent, iron inv 
£500; 93%rs Tafl By &21 per 
cert, min mv £1.000 
Further details av&tabte from Char- 
tered Institute ol Public France & 
Accountancy. Loans Btnau (638 
63S1 between 70am and 2^0pm) 
see also Prestel no 24808. 

Ativtce j 

>£ar 1 

a rot/ 1 

01 581 1422 

01 388 3211 









(T7PS 82/733 

Buirfing Societies 

Ordinary share accounts — 525 per 

cent Extra interest accounts usual- 
ly pay 1-2 per cent over ordinary 
share rate. Rates quoted above are 
(hose most commonly offered. Irxfi- 
viduai belong societies may quota 
different rates. Interest on el ac- 
counts paid net of basic rate tax. 
Not rectaimable by non-taxpayers. 

Foreign currency deposits 
Rates quoted by RothsctekTs OU 
Court international Reserves 0481 
26741. Seven days’ notice is re- 
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ts made for switching currencies. 
Starting 891 per cent 

US dollar «34 per cent 

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D Mark 394 percent 

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Swiss Franc za percent 

rules for 

Unit trust groups, pension 
funds aad insurance com- 
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Labour’s twin priorities were 
the reduction of unemploy- 
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the fell in inflation during the 
past seven years was an 
achievement, be said the level 
was stiD higher than in other 
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More than a month 
of other Sundays 




Law Report October 11 1986 

, Leger course open space 
for public recreation 



HE? ^ 1 Doa ?^ er Metro- and that chil 
polton Borough Coundi, Ex about and pta 
Pane Broun cricket and th 

Before Mr Justice McCullough Understam 
[Judgment given October 11 e ? urse _f taf r c 

'*sssz£sstiz &SS 

w«^W^aSSi2STE Uoncdl »d« 

Justice McCuJIo^TEld^ 5£ *7^ 
Queens Bench Division- His Nor ^ t 
Lordship held that the public's nol f ce prohib 
#Jr5poTthe common for purposes suc “ user. 
j" 1 recreation was not only lawful The counci 
but as of right had in effec 

Mr Charles Georoe for the enforce its i 
applicant Mr Brairru Mr Chris- strictly. Howt 
topher whybrow for Doncaster record of any 
Metropolitan Borough Council, produced to s 


McCullough said that Mr pe for public 
. Braun applied byway of judicial be as of nghi 

review for a declaration that an Pursuance ol 
area of land known as Doncaster wou ** not suf 
Common, or Doncaster Town w J 

■ Moor, which was owned by the ' 

Doncaster Metropolitan Bor- ! ^ ^ 
: ough Council, constituted an 

| ropen space” within the mean- 

mg of section 123(2A) of the « n «r Um « 
l 1972 Act as amended by the l,on Act 
Local Government Planning ^ as ev,df 

f and Land Act 1980. since then. 

! f- His application was prompted 
«■“* the corporation's 
intention to grant a lease giving n £ c ® n 9 l , 
exclusive possession of pan of 
the panofthe land to the Town SFjiJJ?™,,® 
Moor Golf Cub. whose in ten- 
lion was to erect a new dub- “ 

house thereon. a mo «eni lost 

. The coundl's predecessor in 
title had become lords of the 
manor in 1 505. The best known P™ r *° 1 
use of one part of the common b > “* . puW,c 
was the race course, upon which pff^J® lera J!,o 
the St Legcrwas run. Racine had Doncaster Co 
taken place there since about n0 J' was 
1600. Another pan of the f 11 ^ 1 lhal ] 
-common had been used since sulferance on! 
about 1 894 for playing golf. h - a ? , t**" "° 

In 191 1 the Town Moor Golf pSem d£pu! 

Club was given permission to -r. , 

use the National Hunt course, £ 

which adjoined the St Le-ger JE"™™* J ? }. 
C course, on the understanding 
that no exclusive right of use jjj 
was being granted. for recreation 

The golfers at present crossed whether the hi 

S^LS C ^ Roadfromlfte 

. present dubhouse on to a linn «qi «ave i 

S a f h 6Ul f,h Pi ^„' ying 10 lh S 

° r , lh S T c ° ur **' waste within a 

had then to duck under the rails riiarin 

to reach the links TJe club’s *ESidl£Sl 
. intention was to build a new meant 

clubhouse on the triangular 0 f a 

piece - cultivated anc 

Evidence showed that people In re Baxhill i 
. had been walking over the l Ch 109). 
common for many years, and Mowing oft 
that now it was used also for the golf cour 
jogging, flying kites and model stiiute M cultiv 
aeroplanes, and picknicking. club did not 

and that children kicked balls 
about and played tennis, french 
cricket and the like. 
Understandably, the race- 

possession, and could not be 
said to occupy the land. 

The race courses were run by 
the council itself and the parts of 

course staff discouraged use of lhe courses on the common. 

the tracks, save for crossing, and 
on racing days they did so in the 
interests of safety, but there was 
no evidence that those using the 
common for the purposes men- 
tioned had ever been treated as 

Nor had there ever been a 
notice prohibiting or restricting 
such user. 

The council asserted that h 
had in effect chosen not to 
enforce its rights in trespass 
strictly. However, no minute or 
record of any such decision was 
produced to support that view. 

Mr Whybrow contended that 
use for public recreation had to 
be as of right, and that use in 
pursuance of a bare licence 
would not suffice; that any right 
to use ihe land for air and 
exercise derived from section 
193 of the Law of Property Art 
1925 was extinguished because 
the land had not been registered 
under the Commons Registra- 
tion Act 1965, and that there 
was no evidence of any grant 
since then. 

Mr George contended, first, 
that provided user was lawful, it 
need not be as of right, and 
alternatively that user as of right 
dated from a time before 1926, 
and that there was nothing to 
prevent the court from inferring 
a modem lost gram. 

After examining the evidence 
his Lordship concluded that 
prior to 1926 the rights of user 
by the public did not depend 
upon tolerance or permission of 
Doncaster Corporation; that at 
no stage was there anything to 
suggest that their use was on 
sufferance only, and that there 
had been no assertion of any 
right to end such use before the 
present dispute arose. 

The only reasonable factual 
inference to be drawn was that 
from some date prior to I860 
ihe public had used the common 
for recreation as of right. 

It remained to consider 
whether the law permitted such 
an inference to be drawn. Seo- 

could. likewise, not be described . 
as “occupied”. >j 

h followed that in so far as the 



Eyes of world 
trained on 
England today 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

Even though there may not 

public did not have use as of I be too many thronging the 

right, before such rights came 
into existence in 1926 as a result 
of section 193, but that if, as his 
Lordship bad found, the public 
already enjoyed such rights, the 
feet that the common had not 
been registered under the Com- 
mons Registration Act 1965 
could not detract from those, 
pre-existing rights. 

What was claimed was neither' 
an easement, a profit or a right 
of common; it was akin to the 
right which local inhabitants 
might enjoy over a town or 
village green, but there was a 
difference, since the latter right j 
was not a right of the public as a 
whole, and it derived from 1 
custom. In the present case the . 
right could not be based on 

Having referred to In re 
Heddon ([1932] 1 Ch 133), his 
Lordship concluded that it 
would have been possible for the 
corporation to have created a 
trust, in a proper legal manner, 
givi ng a right of recreation to the 

Mr Whybrow likened the 
right claimed to a jus spatiandi, 
which be contended, relying on 
Mounsey v Ismay ((1863) 3 H & 
C 486), was a right unknown to 
English law. 

But his Lordship, after 
considering In re Eilenbomugh 
Park ([I9&] 1 Ch 131), Tyne 
Improvement Commissioners t 
Imrie {(1899) 81 LT 174),; 
Goodman v Mayor of Sahash 
((1882) 7 App Cas 633) and 
Attorney General v Antrobus 
([1905] 2 Ch 188). concluded 

1 had an express grant of the 
rights claimed been produced - 
the law would have recognized 
their validity; 

2 the law allowed the court to 
presume that at some time prior 
to I860, such rights were val- 
idly granted: 

3 the evidence could not be 
satisfactorily explained by mere 

terraces at Twickenham today 
- an attendance of around 
1 5,000 is expected — there will 
be considerable interest 
abroad in the England XVs 
performance against Japan. 
Australia play in the same 
group in next year’s World 
Cup and, apart from having 
the opportunity to assess two 
of the opposing countries at 
the same time, they will 
receive an idea of the standard 
likely to be attained in their 

The interest will not be 
entirely altruistic. While 
Australia win be delighted to 
see their opponents — the 
United States make up group 
A — performing at the highest 
pitch the skills of the game, 

Nigel Melville, the recently- 
retired England scrum half 
and captain, is maintaining his 
connections with the Rugby 
Football Union. As sports 
promotion manager for the 

Concord Oval, opened by 
New South Wales in March, 
will be the alternative venue. 

That is a much smaller 
ground, capable of holding 
over 20,000, and it should be 
full ■ to overflowing when 
Australia play England. Yet 
the last memory of Engjand 
that many Sydney enthusiasts 
have is an impoverished dis- 
play during the international 
sevens tournament seven 
months ago on the same 
ground; they will be nothing if 
not cynical when May comes 

So England's display today 
is important for that reason, 
quite apart from the need for a 
morale-boosting win over Ja- 
pan and a match in which the 
selectors and coaches can 
assess the progress of their 
charges over the last two 
months. Harsh judgements 
may be made by the public, 
too, if England do not run in 
40 or 50 points because the 
scale of some of the wins by 
regional representative teams 

United Kingdo m operations of against the Japanese on this 
the sportswear firm, Nike, he tour, which ends today, will 
a pif j recently a fresh agree- ■ have led them to expect it. 
ment for the supply of kn for England's preparations con- 
all England 's representative eluded yesterday al the Bank 
ftMimc from tire 16 group of England ground when Hall, 

tion 193 gave the public rights of sufferance or licence, and 

air and exercise over manorial 
waste within a borough or urban 
district, and counsel agreed that 
manorial waste for present pur- 
poses meant land which was 
parcel of a manor and un- 
cultivated and unoccupied: see 
In re Baxhill Common ([1980] 
l Ch 109). 

Mowing of the race courses or 
the golf course did not con- 
stitute “cultivation". The golf 
club did not have exclusive 

4 the presumption was therefore 
to be drawn; in other words 
what everyone had assumed to 
be the case was correct, namely 
that the public's use of Don- 
caster Common for purposes of 
recreation was not only lawful 
but as of right. 

His Lordship would therefore 
make the declaration sought 

Solicitors: Dibb & Clegg with 
Ash win White & Co. Doncaster; 
Mr D. Little wood, Doncaster. 

schools side upwards. It is the 
RFU’s second sponsorship 
agreement with the firm. 

they need the tournament to 
start well for financial reasons. 
The Australian public will 
watch the opening battles for 
the Webb Ellis Trophy in 
Sydney and Brisbane with a 
practised eye already 
sharpened by the Austral ia- 
England cricket series, the 
worid cricket series and the 
challenge rounds for the 
America's Cup off Fremantle. 

Rugby has to offer a high 
standard to compete with 
those other sports and, in ihe 
early stages, it will rest primar- 
ily with Australia and England 
to provide it Australia have 
already had to give up the 
Sydney Cricket Ground as a 
venue for the World Cup 
because of a clash of sponsors' 
interests and it seems that the 

the Bath flanker, was an 
absentee because of an ear 
infection. He is, however, 
expected to play and England 
will be looking for an aggres- 
sive display from him and his 
back-row colleagues, Richards 
and Rees, because that is the 
way they hope to break the 
first line of the Japanese 
defence. Early points may 
come from the boot of Barnes, 
who is first-choice goal-kicker 
ahead of Rose, 

Hill will not release his 
backs before be feds the time 
is right but all of them will 
know how important it is to 
do well. There are challenges 
from within the squad and 
without up and down the line; 
Salmon, the vice-captain, will 
be keen to demonstrate that he 
can be the strong man of the 
midfield, the controlling in- 
fluence which was not appar- 
ent last season, and that he can 

Leaping into action: Salmon arming to show that he can play a bit 

limself. Haliiday team, the third in this country, and 38-1 8. It 
tis club colleague! In 1973 and 1976 .they plged 

id Simms are under-23 teams, losing 19-10 party teffvnqjtnetr a... 

-wn his neck and and 58-15; in 1971 at home an afl vlluchcaunea Wc 

are that he must they lost 27-19 and 6-3 and 1m Srotsa 

[fas a right wine. 1979. when England toured almost overturned Wales 

sped it may be again, the Japanese lost 21-19 three years ago. 

play a bit himself. Haliiday 
knows that his club colleague. 
Palmer, and Simms are 
breathing down his neck and 
Bailey is aware that he must 
prove himself as a right wing. 

In that respect it may be 
worth emphasizing that the 
selectors consulted fully with 
Bailey before choosing him on 
what has become the less 



H Rosa 

familiar wing. It is a mark of (Harlequins); M D BaUey (Wasps). J 
the confidence the selectors L B Salmon (HartequrefcS J 
have in him as a footballer Hapday (Baft). n^Upfogwqod 

that he has been chosen in the 
first place and he will hope to 
repay them by showing the 
qualities of strength and pace 
which Oti, the Cambridge 
University and Nottingham 
wing, did so conclusively for 
the Combined England Stu- 
dents on Tuesday. 

It will be Japan's seventh 
encounter with an England 

HaMay (Bath), R Underwood 
(Leicester); S Bames (Bath). R J H8> 
(Bath, captain); G J ChHcott (Kith), 
B C Moore (Nottingham), G S 
Feme (Northampton), J P KaH 
(Bath), N C Redman (Bath), S 
Bainbridge (Pride), G W Rees 
(Nottingham), D Richards (Leices- 
ter). Replacements: J Carfeton 
(Orrefl). C R Andrew (Wasps), R M 
Hanfino (Bristol). PAG Rendafl 

isto!). PAG Rendafi Kasai (Sunti 
G R Dawe (Bath), P J Univeraty), TYoa 
m (Headingtey). Mura (Marubeni). 

Referees R Megson (Scotland) 

JAP Arts Mukai (Toshfca Fuchu): N 
Taumoefotau (Sanyo Seethe), E 
Kidstdd (Toyota). S tfeao (Kobe 
Steel). S Orafci (Suntocy); K Matsuo 
(Doshisha University). Y KomsM 
(Suntorv); T Kknura (Doshsha 
University). T Fujtta (Nisstwi Steel), 
M Aizawa (Ricoh), K Miyamoto 
(Poshisha University), Y SekuvatM 
(Nippon Steel). S Kurihara (Waseda 
University). T HayasM (Kobe Steel, 
captain). M Chida (Nippon Steel). 
Replacements; 0 Oma (Meni 
University}, TTai (Sanyo Electric), Y 
Kasai [Suntorv). H Hcuta (Keio 
University), T YosMno (Suntory). D 

No retrospective invalidation of 
debenture transaction 

Mace Builders (Glasgow) Ltd 

Before Sir John Donaldson. 
Master of the Rolls. Lord i ustice 
Noursc and Lord Justice 

[Judgment given October 7) 

Section 322(1) of the Com- 
panies Act 1 948 did not have the 
retrospective effect of in validat- 
ing transactions by a debenture 
holder or receiver which pre- 
dated by less than 12 months the 
winding-up of the company. 

The Court of Appeal so held, 
dismissing an appeal by the 
plaintiffs. Mace Builders (Glas- 
gow) Ltd. from the derision of 
Mr Justice Scott on January 29. 
1985. ([1986] Ch 459) who held 
that the defendant. Denis Chris- 
topher Carter Lunn, was not 
required by section 322(1) to 
repay the proceeds of a deben- 
ture realized less than 12 
months before the plaintiffs 
went into liquidation. 

Mr Alan SteinfeJd for the 
liquidator of the plaintiffs: Mr 
Gregory Hill for the defendant, 

ROLLS said that on May 21. 
1981. the plaintiffs, a Scottish 
company, granted to the defen- 
- dant, their managing director, a 
debenture containing a floating 
charge to secure their indebted- 
ness to him up to a total of 
£100,000. The debenture was 
granted in consideration of his 
giving further financial support 
to the plaintiffs. 

k was common ground that at 
the time the plaintiffs were not 
solvent and that the amount of 
further financial support by the 
defendant amounted to £20,000- 

On November 2. 1981, the 
defendant, in the exercise of his 
rights under the debenture, ap- 
pointed himself receiver of the 
plaintiffs and sold their assets 
for the sum of £95,000. He then 
applied that sum towards repay- 
ment of the plaintiffs’ indebted- 
ness to himself secured by the 

On May 20, within 12 months 
of the granting of the debenture, 
the plaintiffs went into liquida- 
tion in Scotland. 

In the present action, the 
liquidator sought- repayment 
from the defendant of the 
£95.000. less the £20.000 to- 
gether with interest thereon at 
the rate authorized by section 
322 of the Compan ies Act 1948. 

Mr Justice Scott dismissed 
the plaintiffs’ claim holding that 
section 322( I ) did not invalidate 
anything done under the 
authority of a floating charge 
prior to the commencement of 
the winding-up. 

It had to be emphasized that 
the court was purely concerned 
with the construction of section 
322 and was not concerned with 
the particular consequences of 
the defendant's having com- 
bined the roles of managing 
director, debenture holder and 

Section 322(1) provided: 
“Where a company is being 
wound up. a floating charge on 
the undertaking or property of 
the company created within 12 
months of the commencement 
of the winding-up shall, unless it 
is proved that the company 
immediately after the creation 
of the charge was solvent be 
invalid, except to the amount of 
any cash paid to the company at 
the time or or subsequently to 
the creation of. and in consid- 
eration for. the charge, together 
with interest . . .“. 

In In re Parkes Garage 
(Swadlincote) Ltd ([1929] 1 Cb 
139). a Divisional Court of the 
Chancery Division held that 
although section 212 of the 
Companies (Consolidation) Act 
1908. a predecessor of section 
322, rendered a charge in a 
debenture invalid when the 
company went into liquidation, 
that did not affect the covenants 
to pay the principal and interest 
contained in the debenture, so 
that money paid to the deben- 
ture holder in pursuance of the 
covenants did not have to be 

Mr Justice Scott held that the 
effect of section 322 was only to 
avoid the charge on the wind- 
ing-up. The defendant, in 
discharging the company's in- 
debtedness to himself was acting 
as the receiver and agent 

His Lordship agreed that the 
necessary conclusion from sec- 
tion 17(1) of the Companies 
(Floating Charges and Receiv- 
ers) (Scotland) Art 1972 was 
that the defendant was the agent 
for the company and that his act 
was the company’s act 

However, that did not dispose 
of the appeal because (a) the 
court was not bound by Parkes 
Garage and (b) if the charge was 
invalid at the time when the 
defendant appointed himself re- 
ceiver. he had no authority 
under section 17(1) to act on 
behalf of the company. 

The court had been invited to 
construe section 322 of the 1948 
Art in tandem with section 
320(1), which related to fraudu- 
lent preferences. If the latter 
section applied to the trans- 
action it would render the whole 
transaction invalid and give rise 
to a right of repayment: In re 
Gibson ((1878) 8 Ch D 230). 

The plaintiffs argued that the 
word “invalid” in both sections 
meant that the same con- ' 
sequences ensued from invalid- 
ity under each section. 

But section 322 rendered the 
floating charge invalid 
simpliciter, whereas section 320 
rendered it “invalid 
accordingly”, which related 
back to the earlier words of the 
section and meant “invalid with 
consequences which would flow 
under the law of bankruptcy if 
the transaction had been by an 
individual rather than a 

One was left with the section 
itself. The opening words 
showed lhal it had no applica- 
tion unless and until the com- 
pany was being wound up. His 
Lordship was satisfied that that 
section was confined to the 
winding-up. and that trans- 
actions effected under Uie 
authority of the charge which 
had been completed before the 
commencement of the winding- 
up were unaffected. 

Lord Justice Nourse delivered 
a concurring judgment and Lord 
Justice GlideweiT agreed. 

Solicitors: Middleton Potts & 
Co; Walkers. Tunbridge Wells. 

Unbeaten clubs in Davies the ‘playaholic’ falls 
demanding task foul of the invisible injury 

By David Hands 

Two of the leading unbeaten 
clubs in Britain. Swansea and 
Saracens, face challenges of a 
different order today. 

Swansea make the short jour- 
ney to Llanelli conscious that it 
was their West Wales rivals who 
deprived Bath of their unbeaten 
tag. Their only absentee is 
Emyr. the wing who strained a 
muscle playing for the Barbar- 
ians in midweek; England's 
selectors may wish to note that 
Colclough. lhe lock, plays his 
second game for Swansea's sec- 
ond team, against Newbridge 

Saracens, however, may face 
their John Smith's merit table 
'B'game against London Irish 
with much more conviction 
since circumstances have con- 
trived to take away so many of 
the leading Irish players. 

The Irish have been told that 

a national squad session has 
been called for next weekend, 
which will remove their leading 
players when they are due to 
play Wasps on the Sunday. 

Thereafter come the Irish inter- 
provincial games which will 
leave the club's team-buDding 
plans with a somewhat forlorn 

Cambridge University will be 
hoping to recover from a mid- 
week defeat against St Mary's 
Hospital, an event unlooked for 
over the last few seasons. They 
bring in Cushing, the London 
Scottish scrum half, but are 
unlikely to get much change 
from Nottingham, their visitors, 
whose own scrum half Moon, 
appeared in light blue ranks two 
wars ago. Collinson and 
Tbornley replace Moore and 
Rees in the Nottingham pack. 


Orrell v Moseley 
Steve Tabemer. normally a full 
back, plays centre for Orrell instead 
of the unavailable Carle ton. 

Masters returns on the flank for 
Moseley who are still weakened 

by injuries. 

Wasps v Bristol 
Andy Dun, the former Wasps 
captain, returns as captain of Bris- 
tol in the absence, through an 
ankle injury, of Pomphrefy. Wasps 
have Russell and Brooks at 
stand-off and prop instead of 
England's squad players, An- 
drew and RendalL 

Liverpool/St Helens 
v Bath 

Andy Robinson returns to the 
Bath back row instead of Spun-ea 
against the successful northern 
cub; they wW miss Hale, their 
promising kick, who is injured. 

Gosforth v Headingley 

Headingley play their first table 
B game of the season with new- 
comers Selkirk and Parsonage 
in their pack. Gosforth, led by 
Curry, are much affected by 

Cardiff v Northampton 

Northampton have not won at 
Cardiff since I960 and have two 
replacements in their pack to- 
day. Heywood for Pearce and Eates 
for the Murad Carmon. Cardiff 
lost in rmdwBek and wW be looking 
for an improvement 

Gloucester v Harlequins 

The third John Smith’s merit 
table A game gives Gloucester the 
chance to erase memories of a 
40-point defeat last season. Mogg 
plays In the three-quarters 

at fid back and Dent 

Jonathan Davies, Ihe Wales 
stand-off half and captain of 
Neath, had hoped to be playing 
today but he will have to remain 
a reluctant onlooker for a while 
yet. He has been out of the game 
since his dub's match against 
Cardiff on September 13. 

What he had thought was a 
strained hamstring was di- 
agnosed earlier this week as a 
torn one. which means another 
six weeks' rest. It had happened 
to him before when playing for 
the Irish Wolfhounds. With the 
amount of rugby he has played 
in the last 12 months this latest 
setback is not surprising. 

It may have been a punishing 
routine on his legs but what of 
that if you get to see the world in 
the meantime? “I travelled 
75.000 miles last year," he said, 
“most of it coming towards the 
end of the season. I went with 
Wales to the sevens tournament 
in Australia, with the Irish 
Wolfhounds to Hong Kong, and 
finally I packed my bags once 
more to go with Wales to Fiji, 
Tonga and Samoa. It seems at 
one stage that the only contact I 
had with my wife was on the 
telephone from somewhere in, 
or very near, the South Pacific”. 

He had a hamstring injury 
while in Hong Kong and with- 
out giving it sufficient rest 
during the summer it has re- 
turned to hinder his early season 
rugby activities. “Players axe 
already taking bets in Neath as 
to which oneofus, Stuart Evans, 
the prop, or myself, will captain 
the team most this season”. 

He admits that his is one of 
the most awkward and frustrat- 
ing of injuries to have. Although 
he is able to walk without 
discomfort, it severely restricts 
his movements when running; 
and like many other forms of 
injury, there are no obvious 

By Gerald Danes 

signs of iL It may sometimes 
manifest itself with braising but 
this is not always the case. 

And there are attendant prob- 
lems, as players over the years 
have found out. With so in- 
visible an injury, how is it that 
you convince the doubting 
Thomases? Committee men,.es- 
pedally careworn selectors, 
weighed down by their relentless 
task, like journalists, of filling an 
empty sheet to a deadline, are 
impressed with a man sporting a 
plaster cast up to his knee, or a 
nose out of joint, and who may 
not. quite be ready for this 
weekend's match. 

But the dancing fly-boy in the 
threequartera with his so-called 
hamstring problem is trying to 
pull a fast oue. The 
psychiatrist's, not the 
physiotherapist's, couch is- the 

From bis team-mates, too. the 
news of the hamstring is greeted 
with the nudge-nudge, wink- 
wink kind of bar-room scep- 
ticism. The trotting pattern of 
ihe forwards can rarely be said 
to stimulate the finer tendons 
and ligaments; it is often seen as 
the prima donna's injury which 
should not be taken at all 
seriously. - 

Other cynics see his injury as 
a rest period in response to Tony 
Grey, the Welsh coach, who 
advised the leading players to 
restrict their number of games in 
view of the World Cup in the. 
summer. . 

To talk to Davies, despite the 
early season reports of violence 
and the current serious debate m 
die International Rugby Board, 
is to understand the enthusiasm 
of the player for the game. Not 
to play now is an inconvenient 
disruption. To talk to him, too, 
is to understand the overwhelm- 
ing slant the presem-day for- 

ward, in Wales particularly, 
gives to his play. 

“The number of games I 
play,” he 'comments, “where 1 
find instructions coming from 
the pack- to *g« us down there, 
let's play the game on their line.' 
Then they hold the ball at the 
back of the scrum, or somebodv 
has to pick it up before giving it 
to the scrum half. By then the 
defence is up, we are flat-footed, 
so that the stand-off can do very 
little but kick. 

“Even at Neath I get it but as I 
am captain I have persuaded 
them otherwise. How can a 
forward know what tactics to 
employ when he has his head 
down in the scrum or low in the 
maul? When you look at New 
Zealand or play against their 
players the ball is returned as 
quick! yas possible to the half 
backs. They determine the plav 
And they are right, of course! 
Welsh rugby must do the same if 
we are to challenge successfully 
m the World Cup next year”. 

The Barbarians provided am- 
ple demonstration of what he 
meant at Newport on Tuesday 
night. The forwards made the 
platform but it was Harding and 
Andrew at halfback who were in 
control and varied the game in 
suc h a balanced way that it 
brought the best out of all the 
players. If Finlay Cakler, Skin- 
ner and Moriarty had their 
moments, so did Hastings. Dun- 

JSfLhS I o^ u Eva ™‘: 11 « more 

Sijfcf 0Uiht 10 

Davies does not look like a 
man who might care to use a 
political lobby but he made a 
convincing argument for not 
navmg a forward as captain. A 

drar-tbmldng threeqjjanxsr, per- 

POssjWy better stin, 
someone at half back? ^ 

Warm welcome awaits champions Irish forced to wait 

Sentencing power of appeal court 
is limited to that of court below 

Arthur v Stringer 

Before Lord Justice Watkins 
and°Mr Justice Paul Kennedy 

rjudgment delivered Ortober 8] 

The .conferred on no- 

tices by section 10(3) of the 
Magistrates* Courts A^L 9 _ 8 *L^ > 
adjourn after convicnug a pcr- 
and before sentenang him. 
Hid not entitle them so to 
adiourn for the sole purpose of 
allowing him lo reach the age of 
M £! that they could pass a 
r«,iM»cewhich they could not 




■°5«iJh*ihe Justices might haw 

J «hMr p««i 

se S¥!! ce n,.flen’s Bench Di- 



which on April 24, 1985 had 
imposed a suspended prison 
sentence on the defendant, Mr 
David Ivor Stringer, when 
allowing his appeal from a 
sentence of immediate deten- 
tion imposed by justices. 

The defendant bad been aged 
20 when sentenced by the 
justices, but had been over 21 
when the crown court had heard 
his appeal. 

Mr Christopher Hodson for 
the prosecutor; Mr John 
Saunders for the defendant. 

said that the crown court ap- 
peared to have believed that 
they bad power to adjourn 
hearing die appeal until the 
defendant was 21. Attractive as 
sounded, it imiored the fact 
that Parliament nad protected- 
persons under 21 from having a 
sentence of imprisonment 
passed on them and had delib- 
erately not provided for youth 
custody or detention entire 
orders to be suspended. 

Under section 48 of the 1981 
Act the crown court had no 
more power on appeal from 
justices than the justices had 

had when they had passed the 
sentence under appeaL It was 
implicit in section 10(3) of the 
1980 Act that the power to 
adjourn before passing sentence 
was to be exercised judicially. 

It was not exercised judicially 
where justices adjourned for no 
other purpose than to allow the 
defendant to become 21: it was 
an abuse of the power to adjourn 
for that purpose. 

Where a defendant, on bis 
first appearance before a court 
after his conviction, was below 
the age at which he could be 
sentenced to imprisonment, it 
was in all circumstances unlaw- 
ful for the court to exercise, or to 
purport to exercise, the power of 
adjournment so as to be able to 
pass a term of imprisonment on 

The crown court had acted 
unlawfully in passing the sus- 
pended prison sentence. It 
would be quashed and a con- 
ditional discharge substituted. 

Mr Justice Paul Kennedy- 

Solicitors: Mr I, S. Mattson, 
Birmingham; Varley Hibbs & 
Co, Coventry 

Hawick, the champions, 
travel lo Bumrae, probably their 
least favourite ground, to face a 
West of Scotland side brimful of 
confidence in the top game in 
the McEwan's National League. 

Sandy Carmichael, the West 
coach, has made one change in 
his pack. Renucci being dropped 
to make way for Riozzi. so as to 
give the home side more options 
tn the lincouL At full back the 
injured Mair is replaced by 

Hawick, with Hogg at full 
back for their injured captain, 
Easton, will be relieved to 
welcome back their most pro- 
lific scorer. Gass. He takes over 
the stand-off and goal-kicking 

Even this early in the season it 
i s a vital game for both sides and 
u the home locks. Gray and 
Riozzi, can dominate the touch- 
line. as they did last weekend, a 
home win is on the cards. 

Boronghmuir have reacted 
strongly to their defeat of last 
weekend and have made no 
fewer than four changes for their 
home game with Kelso. Out go 
Reekie. Cockburn. Johnston 
and Hall, replaced by Douglas, 
Wilson. Price and McKinnen at 
full hack, loose-head, lock and 
scram half respectively. The 
visitors increase their attacking 
options with the return from 

By Ian McJLanchlan 

injury of Ker at stand-off and 
Baird at centre. 

Scotland’s long-established 
stand-off Rutherford, makes his 
first appearance of the season 
for Selkirk, having recovered 

from a back injury received in 
pre-season training. He will be 
joined by Pow at centre and 
Cranston at full back as they 
travel to (ace an unchanged 
Stewart’s/Mehilk 1 a l Inverieith. 

Glasgow Academicals and 
Ayr, who were promoted last 
season, meet at New 
Anniesland. Beattie, the inter- 
national No 8, has an ankle 
injury and is replaced in the 
home back row by Fleming. 
David Brown, the Ayr captain, 
returns to the flank while his 
brother Alan is one of eight 
backs listed to travel. 

Jed -Forest make two changes, 
Reid at second row and 
Lindores at No 8. for their home 
game with Watsoohus. David 
Johnston, the international 
centre, has a pelvis injury and is 
replaced by another inter- 
national Euan Kennedy. The 
only other change is Hogg, who 
comes in at lock for the veteran 

An unchanged Edinburgh 
Academicals travel to 
NetherdaJe to lace Gala, who 
have Corcoran, their hooker. 

By George Ace 

back from injury. 

Heriot’s. whose flanker. 
O'Neill, had his jaw broken in 
two places last weekend, call in 
Brice as a replacement. They 
also have Hamilton, their dis- 
trict lock, back from injury. 

Melrose, their visitors, are un- 
changed from last week but the 
fact that Robertson, their inter- 
national centre, has a broken 
bone in his foot will be a blow to 
their hopes. 

Injuries have delayed the 
naming of the Ulster team to 
meet Monster on October 25 in 
Cork, as well as the Ireland side 

to face Roiaanhi at Landsdowne 

Road a week later. 

This will allow the national 
selectors, in particular, a second 
opportunity to watch 
— for whom Tony Ward plays in 
the centre — when they meet 
Lfaneffi at Stradey Park on 

McNeill, the Ireland 

fr™£2 Car T' foe Ireland win* 
torwaid, misses Anbvi_ 
game against 


S .O unless stated) 


International match 

England XV * Japan (Twickenham. ZAS ) . 


QoucBsfr ¥ Hariaquins 

OfToS v Moooley 

Wasps v Bristol. — 


Gosforth vHeacfingtey- : 

Saracens » London Inah — — — , — 


Aberavon » Maaamg - — — 

Bedford v Pontypooi 

Nuneaton v Romany 
Oxford Urivy v United I 
Py ^vTomuay 

Cambridge Umy v Nottingham . 
Canid v Noflwmpton _ 
Cownay v wanderers 


ExetW v Launceston 

PAto v Northern 

Glamorgan w v Wabai 

Leicester v Richmond 

Liverpool St Helens v Bath, 

Dane* v Swansea — 

London Scot * ftosdjn Pk—~ 
London Wel3ri r Bridgend-— 
Atet Potee » Birkenhead Pk— 

r Plymonrti!-T~ . ~ 
Vide of Lune 

Edintxir(?> Acacb. Glasgow Acads v Ayr. 
Hofora FP jr Majro SrJtod-FUteet^v 
Wfosonians, Stawarf a Mar FP v SeOwk. 
NORTHERN: AshtonHJnder-Lyne v 

TytdSsy. Baton v Hahan ._etK&an v 
Aspufl, Bumage * ftuokn pant, Gtfder 
VsEv Mfltfovfok, CaWy v Mnaydds 

Sg*gfrK»» < WJAefiald v Plymouth 
■ * Vale of i i £. M iS. lw| w . 

asSg?Hg sag 


. mm, 

CLUB “ATCN. Rouotttey 


ite - 

ah?y \ i>e 

r:~- *» *• ■ . _ 





Speedy Indian Forest can put 
home contingent in their place 

IocIm™ J*. home defence 
distinctly vulnerable. 
“^Forest looks more than 

Sm?%» 0 £ winmne lhe Corn- 
Stakes ai Ascot today 
or hts Chantilly-based 
o^ier, Geoiscs Mikhalides. 

“ y “J? successful first-sea- 
son $taLion Green Forest, who 
« also the sire of Forest 
Mower. Indian Forest has 
a»»dy won at Saint-Cloud, 
EfcamTlIe, and Longchamp. 

.The most recent of those 
wins was gained in the group 
d’Arenbeig where 
Indian Forest recorded the 
very fast time of 58.6 seconds. 
That performance gave ample 
indication of Indian Forest’s 
pace and. with Jorge Velas- 
quez in the saddle, he should 
see off the disappointing home 

.Without the French chal- 
lenger, making a choice would 
indeed be difficult. I would 
probably have plumped for 
Amigo Sucio, who was in- 
volved in that close finish for 
the Coventry Stakes during 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 
the Royal meeting way back in Hotel Street at Yarmouth - 


More recently. Amigo Sucio 
has won a group two race over 
six furlongs at Baden-Baden. 
Howver, he is penalized as a 
result and is likely to find the 
task of conceding 41b to 
Indian Forest beyond him. 

Earlier in the day. Tashtiya 
is napped to win the Princess 
Royal Stakes. While conced- 
ing that it is sometimes foolish 
to oppose sound pattern race 
form, as represented here by 
Salchow. Stanino. and Mill 
On The Ross. I still feel that, 
in this instance, it is worth 
siding with Tashtiya who will 
be fresher than most at this 
stage of the season with only 
two races behind her. 

Also I happened be on the 
Limekilns at Newmarket last 
Saturday morning when 
Tashtiya went really well in a 
gallop with the Yorkshire 
Oaks-winner. Untold. To me, 
that was concrete proof that 
the way that the Aga Khan's 
Shergar filly had slammed 

and remember Hotel Street 
had won her previous race by 
20 lengths — was not just a 
flash in the pan. 

During the same work 
morning. I also saw Stanino 
go better than Mill On The 
Ross. But she still has three 
lengths to make up on 
Salchow if one harps back to 
the Park Hill Stakes. Signifi- 
cantly Tashtiya’s connections 
are not afraid of taking 
Salchow on because they have 
a line on her through another 
of their fillies, AJtiyna, who 
was a place behind her at 
Doncaster, and at Chester in 
the spring. 

Finding the winner of the 
Bovis Handicap is invariably 
like searching for the prover- 
bial needle in a haystack. My 
search eventually unearthed 
Young Inca who has won the 
race before. With three other 
victories on the course to bis 
credit, be is something of a 
standing dish at Ascot and 
what is more he has a good 

low draw. In contrast, his 
stable and travelling compan- 
ion. Derry River, could easily 
see too much daylight too 
early drawn 16. 

Peri on. who has been placed 
at Goodwood since finishing 
third behind Felipe Toro in 
the Portland Handicap, is my 
idea of the principal danger to 
Young Inca. 

Felipe Toro himself contests 
the Coral Bookmakers Sprint 
Trophy at York, where a high 
draw next to the rails looks 
tailor-made to suit his aggres- 
sive front-running style. I am 
hopeful he will trigger off a 
double for his owner, Dick 
Warden, trainer, Peter 
Easterby. and jockey, Marie 
Birch, to be completed a little 
over an hour later by On Tap 
in the- Rodti ogham Stakes. 

The very easy winner of his 
Iasi three races. On Tap 
should prove too quick over 
only six furlongs for Midyan, 
who looked a bit one-paced 
when beaten over further at 
Goodwood in July. 

Mqjaahed, seen here gaining a dearent success at York In June, returns to Knavesmire this 


gaining acre 
for the Mail 

On Sunday Three-Year-Old Series Handicap 

" Virus hits 
Dancing ^ 

Guv Harwood, who on Thurs- 
day became the firs* tramerjo 
reacb a 100 winners «h'S soson. 
confirmed ai .Ascot ?«««&* 
that manv of the horses in his 
stable have a coughing viru^ 
However, the Pulborough 
trainer has no intention oi 
isolating his Prix dc J lArc dc 
Triompne winner. Dancing 

^liarwood said: “It is not a 
serious illness and the horses are 
over it in three or four days. I 
don’t believe in isolating horses V 
and Dancing Brave is «ear ot 
the v irus at the moment. 

Ascot report, res nits, p41 

Dancing Brave has thrived 
since returning from Pans and is 
still on course for the Breeders 
Cup Turf at Santa Anita in three 
weeks' time. He is expected to 
fly to the United States eight 
days before the race. 

Earlier this week Harwood - 
announced that the stable’s 
Ce$arewitch favourite. 
Bannerol, was likely to miss the 
Newmarket race because of the 
virus and the trainer confirmed 
yesterday that Shipboume and 
El Conquistador would be ins 
only runners. 

? fc 

By Mandarin 



Guide to our new In-line racecard 

2.00 Rose Reef. 

2.30 TASHTIYA (nap). 

3.00 Young Inca. 

3.35 Indian ForesL 
4.10 Blenders Choice. 

4.40 Pictograph. 

By Michael Seely 

130 Tashtiya. 3.00 YOUNG INCA (nap). 

By Our Newmarket 
100 Mighty Glow. 
130 Tashtiya. 

3.00 All Agreed. 

3.35 Naturally Fresh. 

4.40 Nino Bibbia. 

Going: good to firm 

10 HYPERION STAKES (2-Y-O: £9.645: 7f) (6 runners) 

Draw: no advantage 







011 TAH7UFFE (D) (O Saxfty) Q Harwood 64.. 
CATHEDRAL PEAK (P Deal) M Usher 8-1 1 . 

HONEY DANCER (A Sofrornou) O ArDuthnot 8-1 1 . 
0 MIGHTY SLOW (Prwice A Salman) MJarvts 811- 

2 ROSE REEF (P IMefan) I Bakfing 811 

TROYES |S<r M Sobel) W Ham 8-6. 

State? 85 64 

_ P Cook — 10-1 
SCauteo •9SF54 
W Canon — 6-1 

TAR1UFFE (8-13) odds-onwhen beating Able Saint (9-0) 541 at Goodwood (7f. £7644, good. Sect 
run ™ 30, 5 rant MIGHTY GLOW (5MJ) showed speed over 51 bchte Tweetar (9-0) at Newmarket f7T, 
£5157. good to Arm. Ocr 3.21 ran). ROSE REEF (80) was sknvty away when 21 2nd of 0 to 2ajal (9-0) hero (81. 
£7351. good 10 Ann, Sept 25). 

Sotoefloflc ROSE RSF 

Z 30 PRINCESS ROYAL STAKES (Group III: fifes: £16.790: 1m 41) (6 








0-31220 MLL ON THE FLOSS (D) (L Freedman) H Ced 3-8-9 — 
112-102 SALCHOW (Dowager Lady Beaverorook) W Hem 3-8-9, 

2-1113 STAKTMO {D.BF) (Mrs J McAfcsier) H CecS 3-8-8 

0-21 TASHTIYA (Agi Khan) M Stouts 3-8-9 

12 HOTEL STREET (DJ3F) (R Clay) H Cod 3-8-6 

— Past Eddery 98 02 

W Cm 0991=94 

SCwtttan 95 114 

VRSMton 88 7-2 
— R Codnm 85 8-1 
P Waldron 93 16-1 

r 7(8 

_ . J«d)» 5. 9 ran). 

SALCHOW (8-9)quickaned meaty and ran on wed when Utato to Rejuvenate (89) at Doncastor (1m 61 127yds, 
£28194. good. Sept 10, 12ran) with SrARTWO (8- 9) 31 baefc in 3id. Previously 8TA1TOHO (8-7) locfcadinipfOT- 
siva when' 


f (811) hacked up 201 from Red Shoes(B-il) in aWotuertamptonmaiiten (tm 

4-04100 SPUN GOTO (Conigy Properties Lid) P Cole 3 


runm TKi ^ to p** e>ptbss 

(8-7) be* 

be ating stattemate Kenanga (8-7) 3 at York (1m 41. E7843. good to finn. Aug 21, 13 ran). TASHTIYA 
HOTEL STREET (8-10) 5f at Yannoiith (1m 2f. £524. good. Sept 18. 6 “ 

Selectee STvi&TTTNO 

10 BOVIS HANDICAP (£10,736: 5f) (16 runners) 

ran). Previously HOTEL 
imm, £862, good to soft. 

303 (14) 
305 (2) 
307 (ID) 
310 (11) 

312 (7) 

313 (5) 

314 (1) 

315 (8) 
318 (12) 

317 (15) 

318 (0) 

319 0) 

320 (9) 

321 (13) 

322 (4) 

323 (16) 

010110 HANTON DAN (D)(G Tuck) N Vigors 3-87 PCoofc 94 O-l 

021004 AROROX LAD (D)(H E Shefth H AI Nteyan) M Blanshard 003 WNtwnei 91 — 

232102 PERFECT TIMING (D) (R Vines) D Ssworlh 4-9-0 SCatotan 93 F81 

211300 ALL AGREED (D) (T Waterman) J Wtrto 5-8-10 WRSwmtem 98 8-1 

0-01000 BROADWATB1 MIBtC (D)(PH Betts Lid) M Tompkins 5-8-9 — M Rbnraer 97 — 

003003 YOUNG MCA (CD) (J BoswraB) L Cottndl B-B-6 R Cochrane «99 8-1 

110000 CHS BAY (B.CD) <0 Osemanj J Spearmg 7-8-5 A McGJone 

000402 DURHAM PLACE (BJJ.BF) (Mrs N Myers) K Bras&ey 4-8-5 S WHtworfe 

004000 LOCKIUJIM (D) (J Douglas-Home) J Douglas-Home 7-84 BRonae 

200238 PADRE PK> (Mrs G Ward) D Artmthrx* 5-84 Pad Eddery 

030020 DEPUTY HEAD (CO) (P CaSanf) J H0*t 6-6-1 WCaraon 

104033 PERION D (J WheaOand) G Lewis 4-80 PWaidren 

000-200 MEESON KING (D£F) (J MMcok) B McMahan 5-8-0 A Mackey 

300020 WOOOFOLD(D)(MrsJ Redmond) JWmlBr 5-7-13 RHBs 

12-020 ALMAROSE (Mrs M Stmmondsi J SukftfTe 3-7-9.. 

001043 DERRY RIVER (V,D)(MrsN Outfield) L Conran 5-7-8 . 

, winner since, at Goodwood (51. £3047. good, Sept 29, 14 ran). 

103 (12) 04M32 TWESFORM (COJBF) (Mrs J Ryiey) B HMI 9-10-0 . 

Racecard number. Draw in brackets- So- figure 
term. Horae’s name (B-bfinkera. v-visor. H-hood. 

C-course wamer. D-dfstance winner. CO-course 
and distance winner. BF-beaten favourite in 

B Weal (4) 88 7-2 

eeL Owner m brackets. Trakier. Age and 
weight Rider plus any afiowance. The Times 
Private Hant fl capper’e eating. Approxmate s t a rtin g 

135 CORNWALLIS STAKES (Group 111: 2-Y-O: £13,984: SO (10 

Leading Counsel for encore 
in sub-standard St Leger 

From Our Irish Racing Correspondent, Dahlia 

401 (1) 

404 (9) 

405 (4) 
408 (5) 

407 (6) 

408 (ICQ 

409 (8) 

410 (2) 

411 (3) 
413 (7) 











AMGO SUCIO (V,D) (J LI) K Brassey 9-1 

MAGINARY SKY (D) (R Mohammed) M Bbmshard 8-1 1 . 
■OMAN FOREST (D)(MFue»k)GMikftakda6(Fr) 9-1 _ 

MANDUB D (H AJ-Maktoum) H Thomson Jones 8-11 

WARP REMINDER (R Jacobaon) D Lamg 8-11 . 

S Whitworth 

_ Wl 

— J 

SMGMG STEVEN OLD) (Or S Bennett) R Hannon 8-11 . 
VWOPPHJ M OXBF) (F Warwick) J Etheraigton 8-11 . 


_ B Roues 

CHASING MOONBEAMS (D) (Lord POrtetfsr) I Bating 86 
CLARENTU (D) (Mrs N Kains) M Usher 84 

NATURALLY FRESH (D) (G Shropshire) J Wfctter 86 . 

. WR 

85 8-2 
77 6-1 
• 99F3-1 
92 7-2 
91 8-1 
94 10-1 
85 10-1 
91 — 

4.10 CORINTHIAN HANDICAP (Amateurs: £3,293: 1m 40 (12 runners) 

504 (5) 

505 (4) 

506 (10) 
509 (7) 

511 (9) 

512 (2) 

513 (8) 

514 (12) 
516 (6) 
SIT (3) 

519 (1) 

520 (11) 

0 00300 NORFOLK SONATA (K Bethel) R Boss 3-12-0 - 

BLEttERS CHOKE D(M O'Connor) J King 4-11-11. 

CADMUM (Shefidi R AI KhaHta) P Cole 4-11-6 

OSR1C (R Scon) M Ryan 3-1 1-2. 

MALADHU (D) (Mrs A Robson) Jkrany RUgerald 7-10-1 1 . 

NO-U-TURN (□) (S Undni) 5 MaMor 8-10-11 

Mama (O) (H Perry) N Mtchel 5-10-10. 



041340 CHUCXLEStOfC (Vj>) (A PeOlfer) D Lelng 3*106. 

DVYN BACH (Mra N Sudan) M Camacho 4-100- 
0)0120 SOCKS UP (R Houghton) R Johnson Houghton 94M2 GJola 

ADBURY (Sir P Oppenhekner) 0 Lang M-7 

VBLaO(TFanM)JK9ig 6-0-7 

T Grandma 97 — 

TThonaon Jones 98F64 

TRsed #99 4-1 

JRysn 96 6-1 

91 7-1 
97 5-1 
90 — 
95 12-1 
94 8-1 
88 — 

,_G Jones 



A Forts 

440 BROCAS HANDICAP (£7,947: 1m) (10 runners) 

«» (7) 
603 (6) 
605 (8) 
60S (2) 
811 (7) 

613 (101 

614 (1) 

617 (4) 

618 (9) 

619 (3) 

042300 NMO BB8IA (D) (Sheikh Mohammed) L Ctanvs 36-7 . 

834110 MMSKY(D)(HH Pmce YSsud)G Harwood 3-0-4 

080100 DAWN’S OEUGKT (K Nocy) K Ivory 84-0 . 

101001 DE RIGUBJR (CD) (Mrs C Heath) J Bethefl 4-8-11 (584- 

210110 ALL FAR (V.D) (S Dmsmore) P Hestem 546 

038110 FLYHGME (D) (C Southgate) P CundeB 5-8-4. 

0-11030 REALITY (D) (T HolMMartln) R Johnem Houghton 3*4. 

008000 CXIALITAIR FLYER (OsElair Eng Lid) K Stone 4-7-12 

11300-0; GRUMBLE (N CraffMd) R Han non 4-7-12. 

4-00002 PICTOGRAPH 0XBF) (Lady Dunptae) l Baldtog 4-7-12 . 

_ RCochme *98 8-1 

— GSterfcey 96 F5-2 

W Woods (3) 95 — 

SCaufiwn 95 M 

— G Fren ch 95 3-1 

N Adame 9610-1 

PCoofc 97 8-1 

— AMedray 9 7 — 

_ AMcGtooe 91 — 

R Fa* 98 12-1 

Course specialists 

G Harwood 
H T Jones 



Winners Runners 





G Starkey 







W Carson 






21 X) 

W R Swmbum 





2 1 
















P Cook 






cnDM HAVAHZATD (9-0) drawn on the unfavourable far s«b 

rwrtm 9Xl9thto Dalles (MHlmllOyda. £37280. good to Bnn. Oct «. 31 ran). VERITABLE (9-2) 

no extra when 4SI 4th to RanaPrstap (9-7) at Ayr (10131, £7431. Rmi. Sept 20, 8ranl PRINCESS HAWAAL (9- 

By Mandarin 

1.20 Four Star Thrust. 
1.50 Boot Polish. 

120 Prince Merandi. 
150 Felipe Toro. 

3-25 Soemba. 

4.00 On Tap. 

4.30 Gallant Gallois. 

By Our Newmarket 
1.20 Peggy Carolyn. 

1.50 Iliumineux. 
120 Hamper. 

2.50 Maiou. 

325 Sweet Delilah. 
4.00 Midyan. 

4.30 Pus ho SI 

Michael Seely's selection: 120 Navarzato. 

The Times Private Handicapper's lop rating: 2.50 FELfPE^TORO. 

Going: good to firm Draw: low numbers best 


9 fit 222000 TRAPES ARTIST (D) (tntrogroup Holdings LW) N Vigors 5-S-7 -• SDwmw W 12-1 

a m 0^0 PEGGY CAROLYN (D) (A ORndyJM Ryan W PRobfcmun 96 7-2 

n S 824033 LEON (FuU Cade ThorousytOrads) N Tinkler 4-8-12..^.^ . KmTiMat 98 6-1 

J m 023211 FOOT STAH THRUST (Mrs J Turner) RWJwaker4-8^ (4m)._. DMMtoram ®F2-1 

? u 324133 MAfttJON (Iu(rs M Grant) Miss 5 H«fl £-8-3 .^CDufBrtd i 99 4-1 

« S oJSS SSbToK^^PWtsJItesSHaaW-. NCW** Mil- 2 

JS S oaaaOO MY charade (VA 0(T McCarthy! »*»BWaring 5-7-7 JLawe SS — 

14 (t) OUR BARA BOY (V) (Gommuradate Lid) M Chapman 9-7-7 JCmtor(7) #99 — 


n iSnSBplATW FOUB^AB THRUST triw tocarry perwtv to a MWdi 

NoaiPS'lKLnriZe^^SinnsinSr 19-131 1 W at Edmbiigh (Ira 41. £1 539. good to firm. Oct 6. 12 ran). COOL 
altar (4-8) iZSai in this race last year (7-7) 2Kl 2nd to Far And Wise (7-10) wtth more 

DECJ&ON has n* 5tti^l0 (good). MARUON (»3) f 3rd llo Hariestone Uara 

^jd^ol®, earner (8-9) Wt head 2nd ® Rushmoor (86) at Redcar with PEGGY 
j 4i 03^ 3rd (im M. £2696. firm. June 21, 12 ran). 



,41000 BLUWINEUX (D) (Mafctaan AI Makloian) MNtra 
000120 SABjORW SONG (D) Qr*ror&& Hokfinge) N Vigors J-g-e - 

101200 COllCES(DI(PL0Cfce)G Harwood 884 

u uu m him 4-9 

.. 6 Thomson 

S Dawson 


. JH Brown (5) 
_ NConnonoo 
G Carter 

88 8-1 

92 5-1 
92 9-2 
96 — 
• 99F3-1 
94 5-1 

. R Street 
... M Fry 

101200 COOtCES (DJ L-OOWJ o 
ssi 440 boSWOWI (O) |P HatsaH) H Wharton 4-83.^ 

oSSS SmSeW*«P» W AidhW) G Hufler 4^-10 

1008001 EMERALD EAGLE (D) (A Lyons) C Booth 5-8-5 

430000 CREEAGER (J Barry) W WharTor 

umniM FORMA TUNE (B) (A Soframou) O Aitwthnof 4-7-11 — 

Sian HOPEFUL KATM (D) (N Cawthorne) D Lesfce 4-7-9 

POOP?" MB.*S CHOICE (CD) (M Bnitain) M Bnnaxi 87-7 _. 

S&aem Ei«R6U> EAGLE 

2£0 ‘MAIL ON SUNDAY- HANDICAP (3-Y-& E82SS- 1m If) (11 

I § si 

J § Farm LWIRAnr^Yig 6-5^ — PTutk 

u si Safe®3teFvS s- 

j? S SK = 

94 S-1 
92 9-2 
S3 4-1 
92 11-2 

92 8-1 

)the Cambridgeshi re at N e w ma r k et 
, I to firm. Oct 4, 31 ran). VERTTABLE (9-2) 

t Aw (fm 31, 27431. Firm, Sept 20,8 ran). PRINCESS NAWAAL (9- 
r 41 3rd to Nordtca (8-11) at Sandown lest time (1m, £3620, good to 
. . : (9-0) s an aigroving maiden: 2SI 2nd to Usten (8-OL who won here on 

Thursday, at Yorfc (1m, £3486. good. Sept 4. 9 ran). BPSH PASSAGE (8-6) baa Solo Sty<e (9-0) l/2LatAyr(lm, 
£4409. firm. Sept 20. 8 ran). PHMCE MBUNM (7-9) an out to beet Wndaor Knot (9-4)a neck at Bath (1m 8yds, 
£3496, goodTSeat 3, 13 ran). HAMPER (9-1) swerved left In a Goodwood Apprentice H eap, but stB ran an to 
finish a neck 2nato Mvs Man (7-7) (1m 21. £2526, good. Sept 30, 22 ran). 

7) ran on made final 
firm. Sept 23, 18 ran). 

(9 runners) 

(8) 311110 CATHERMNES WELL (D) {Mppodrotno) MW Eastsrby 3-9-10 G Carter 94 7-2 

(5) 4124131 HANDSOME SAILOR (R Sangstar) M W Dcktraon 3-9-8 GDuHMd 96 3-1 

m 20D10O MATOU (D) (Mrs T Pick) G Prltchard-Gordon 6-96 WRyen 95 6-1 

(9) 111112 reUPE TORO pLCPJtF) (Lt-Col R Warden) M H Easterby 3-9-4 M Birch B99F5-2 

16 (1) 033442 HlfISOVA VBF) (W Gredley) R Armstrong 88-9 

18 (3) 800800 DORKMGLADfCD)(JFreettnan)MTompidRS4-84. 

19 (2) 00-4040 NMUSMAHST(D) (A Sotroroou) M Franco 7-8-6 

20 (4) 233 CAHD PLAYED (J Aien) O Oouwb 3-86. 

. J Raid 85 13-2 

R Morse (5) 93 — 

26 (7) 202210 SOFTLY SPOKEN D (J Abel) P FelgatB 3-7-7- 

B Thomson 

_ N< 

98 — 
90 10-1 

CADM FEUPE TORO (8-6) Just laded to land some subst a nti al beta in the 
lUnni firm. Sept 19.29 ran) when a nedt 2nd to Green - ‘ 

4th. CATHERINES WsLLJ8-l3) about IVtl beck at 10th and . . 
vtousfy CATHERINES wax (9-5) won her 4th successive race, beating True Nora (9-7) 

. good to 9oft. 28, 8 ran). HANDSOIWE SAIL OR (10-1) an easy 2KI winner from Sameek 

tostsnttal beta in the Ayr Gold C up (81. £22470. 
Ruby (8-11) wtthNUMKWUrnBT (7-12) 2 beck in 
MATOU (9-0)_a head further m^fii nth. Pre- 

Bavertey test time (51. £3106. firm 
Doncaster (71. £3200. good. Sept 12. 9 ran), 
viously (8-8) beat Lmavos (8-5) by U n a 20 runner Fobiestone h eap 

Setadfoic FEUPE TORO 

KlSrdto Ichnuea (81 

her depth behind Sarab last time, pre- 
(61. £1713 - “ - “ 

713, firm, Sept 9). 

IQ (13 runners) 

1 (1) ALYDAR’S PROMISE (JMabee) MStoute 811 AKfaMtertey 

2 (3) 00000 ANOTHER PAGEANT (SneHm Mohammed) J Dunlop 8-11 B Thomsen 86 — 

5 (S) 400 DIALECT (D E tadsa) D E Mcba 811 MBeecnft 77 — 

6 (11) 400300 ETTA'S PET (D Mdrayre) R Streamer 811 A Shot4» (5) 92 182 

8 (B) 4-240 BREAL (Dr C VrttarkrH) H Ced 811 WRyon #99F5-2 

11 (2) 0 GREENHILLS JOY (L Audus) M Ryan 811 N Day 90 — 

13(10) 840 JUNGLE BEAT (A Scott) W Jams 811 M MBs 93 82 

IB (4) 0020 MOORE STYLISH |Moores Furniture Gp Ltd) R Armstrong 811 JRetd 98 12-1 

20 (12) 000000 SANClUACM-sC DWfflon) R Ahehurat 811 GBerdweai?) 80 — 

21 (6) 4-000 SOEMBA (Sir P Oppentwner) G Wragg 811 P B o Mn e e n 93 

23 (7) 0004K) STU.MARCHHG(D Wngtit) WJarws 811 GDuffMd 92 

24 (91 40300 SUMMER GARDEN (P MeSon) I Bakkng 811 j Matthias 9S 9-4 

25 (13) 4 SWEET DELILAH (T Ramadan) M Ryan 811. M QAes 88 81 

4.0 ROCKINGHAM STAKES (2-Y-O: £7,765: 6f) (7 runners) 

121134 CMME TONE (A Dowrang) C Tinkler M 

01210 BORN TO HACE (K Rscherl L Piggott 811 

11041 LUCRATF (D) (Mrs J McDoogaJd) I BahJfng 811 

142 MIDYAN (DJ (Pmca A Fasal) H Cace 811. 

T Lucas 
- JReid 

4111 ON TAP (O) ILI-Cot R Warden) M H Easterby 81 1 

103401 PEATSWOOO SHOOTER (D) (G Astnon) MBmtan 811 
120300 NUTWOOD UL (Nutwood Pitolicay) R Hannon 8-8 

97 7-2 
B7 81 
BO 81 

— WRyen 97 81 

— M Btrcti a 39 F7-a 

— K Darter 94 4-1 
GDuffiaU 82 81 

4-30 EBF BRAMHAM MOOR STAKES (2-Y-O: £3.341: 50 (6 runners) 

2 (5) 
6 16) 
io ra 

13 13) 

15 14) 

16 (11 

1 GALLANT GALLOIS D (J Acklam) C Booth 84 „ 
0 ALTOBELU (C Booth) C Booth 811 


00 GOLDEN CAJUN (Ll-CM C HW-Wood) W Jams 811 .... 

96 82 

- J Matthtea — 14-1 

0000 TR Y HILLS SUPPLIES (Mra G Svnpson) M Chafhnan 81 1 j wnimBS — 281 

02 MA FETT7E LASSIE (K FischeO M Franoa 86 7_ jB*4d S3 82 

022 PUSHOFP(BF) (lord Tawstock) C Bnttain 8-8 TWHema NS9 F2-{ 

Course specialists 

N Vigors 
J Dunlop 
G Wragg 
B Hancury 


Wmnera Rurmers Per cent 
J 21 33J 

34 108 31.5 

26 98 26.5 

29 14$ 20.0 

13 69 18.8 

11 63 17.5 


_ _ . Winners Rumere Per cent 

G Baxter 13 , 17 ni 

. II 102 10.8 

GOuKwW 13 133 98 

P Robinson 9 114 79 

M Birch 11 i7g g.i 

J Lowe 8 223 3£ 

Students of racing who take a 
global view of the sport should 
be id their dement as they weigh 
up the outcome of the major 
races in Ireland this weekend. 
This afternoon the Phoenix 
Park pul on two preparatory 
races for the Breeders Cup in the 
United States and tomorrow 
afternoon the Curragh play host 
to the Jefferson Smurfit Me- 
morial Irish St Leger. 

The runners at these two 
meetings include not merely a 
clutch that have been perform- 
ing in English and Irish group 
races but also contenders who, 
on their latest outings, were 
participants in France. Ger- 
many, Norway and America. 

The star attraction at the 
Phoenix Park will be the appear- 
ance of Lord Derby’s durable 
six-year-old Teleprompter in the 
IR£35.000 Breeders Cup Prep 
Mile. On previous visits to this 
course in 1984 and 1985. Tele- 
prompter emerged a facile win- 
ner of the Pacemaker 
International Stakes. 

Subsequently he earned glory 
and a fistful of dollars in the 
Budweiser Million at Arlington 
Park in Chicago. Although he 
has not been quite as effective 
this season, it was a courageous 
run to get so dose to Sure Blade 
in the Queen Elizabeth □ Stakes 
at Ascot. 

The most interesting of his 
four rivals today is Cumute, 
who last season won a maiden 
race at Newmarket when trained 
by Frankie Durr and who this 
term has campaigned most 
successfully in Scandinavia 
where he won the Norwegian 
2.000 Guineas. He is hardly 
likely to prove up to the 
standard of Teleprompter, 

The Breeders Cup Classic, 

over 1 1 furlongs, should also be 
dominated by the English run- 
ners. These include Highland 
Chieftain, who ran second to 
Kazaroun in the Cumberland 
Lodge States at Ascot, and 
Nomrood. On early season 
form. Nomrood would have the 
advantage but he may not have 
trained on as well as Highland 
Chieftain, the mount of Pat 

It was a wise decision on the 
part of the Curragh executive to 
open up the Irish St Leger to 
older horses. Had it been con- 
fined to three-year-olds, 
tomorrow’s renewal would have 
been something of a fiasco as the 
only competitors from that age 
group are Authaal and Ele- 
mentary. Authaal has won his 
three starts in Ireland but had 
his limitations exposed when be 
went to York while Elementary 
has yet to run. 

This race could develop into a 
carbon copy of the 1985 running 

when the finish was fought out 
between Leading Counsel and 
Faburola. On that occasion. 
Leading Counsel got the better 
of the older mare by three- 
quarters of a length. 

Leading Counsel won his first 
outing this season, having been ; 
off the track for several months, 
and then ran well in the Prix Foy 
at Longchamp to be beaten only 
a neck and two beads into fourth 
place behind Mersey. 

Faburola. who is trained in 
France, has likewise bad a light 
campaign and this will only be 
her third run of the year. She 
took second place to Baby Turk 
in the Grand Prix de Deauville 
and then went to America to 
finish fifth in a slow Tun Turf 
Classic at Belmont Park m 
which Manila beat Damister. 

A year ago Leading Counsel's 
finishing speed was the decisive 
factor and it could be a similar 
story tomorrow. 


Going: good 


£55.700: 1m 61) (6 runners) • 

1 1021-14 (£M)M COUNSEL (RSaogsiH?MVOBrion 4-87 ME«R| 

2 2421-20. FABUROLA Mrs J Ouafca) PESancon* 5-9-4 EUnta 

3 *-00231 I WANT TO BE (SteikMonanintxQ J Dunlop 49-4 SCmSZm 

4 132000 RAMCH jam (JMkftaeS) l Browne 44-4.^ 

5 1191 AUTHAAL (Shek Uahan*nad)DO'Bri0n3-81 

6 ELaBmwy (Mra J BOM JBolgor 3812 

M J I 

C foetal 
- S Grate 

•TIJ took it up »ty in Longdnmp'fi short ham* 
. Hctan and was bwte a neck and 2 sriort 1*3(4 
(1m 41 Groui 3. £17314, good to soft. Sept 14, Bran). Last war 
jy *1 fiom FaburoM (84) (Good » soTg. FABUROLA (81 1) was 

5-* Loafing Counsel. 82 Faburola, 4-1 I Watt To Bo. 82 Aumaad, 16 An** 
John, 25-1 Bermmay. i- 


rvnra straight but cored not 
into 4th by Mara«r(8« 

(812) he won m« race . 
sent to Belmont lest tiros, 

0) was beten a noee (1 m 41 , £2»909, fimL Sept 201 9 ran). I WANT TO BE (9-1 1 ) beat 

GathortrKteTr <*-7) v«y«s«ybv 2Wa the Ct^ragh. RAMCH J0HNJ87)7l awey Srh 

a(9(im4!Groi4)3,£11550,goodto&ofLAug3g)ruutyearf WMfTTOBE" ~ 

neck runner' 

41 Group 3. £1 1550. good to soft. Aug 30). Last year I WANT TO BE (88) short 
„ to Mersey hi the Finaich equivalent of me St Lega (1m 7J$. £33780, 

firm - OF!?!: ^ ran )~ AUTHAAL has won 3 t»ne3 in m od era te company, on onty ottwr 
te rt g -7) 71 last or 7 behind Dfisnas (87) In York s Groat VoWgeur pm 41 Group 2. 
£33705. good to tan. Aug 20, 7 ran), 
sc I WfUfT TO BE 



By Mandarin 

2.0 Oakdale. 130 Life Guard. 3.0 Palace Yard. 
3-30 St Aiezan. 4.0 Freddie Bee. 430 Again 

to firm 

£703: 2m) (9 runners) 








9-4 Oakdale, 81 Henry PMwtck. 8-2 Ffie Lord. 81 Dei 
Boy. 81 Low Ration. 181 Charmers Dream, 181 others. 

CHASE (1303: 2m) (8) 

4431 FLIGHT SHEET (D) PJ Jones 1811-8 Cl 

AB OVE AU HOPE B Corley 1 
OELeGYO Jenny 11-0— 

0 FHE LORO (B) J Jenkins 11-0— 
300 HENRY PAtMlCK H Date 1 1-0— 

JMKYRWEHB Weds 11-0 

3 OAKDALE EWheetorl 1-0 

003 LOW RATION K Bridgwater 189. 
U MSS CONE RFedrnn 188 

S Starwood 

MBowfby (7) 

. G Chadas Jones 

B Pawed 

A Webb 

3 000 DICTA PEN C Pootam 7-11-1 _ 

6 0340 VAL CLMBB7 M LSStel 811-1 

7 4MT YANKS DOODLE (W) O Barons 811-1— P l 

8 S3-P CHEZAR) fSFTT BuWn 5-T1-0 BDeHsan 

10 PP-2 UFE GUARD (g)Sfente5-n- Q CBroM 

15 0F20 MBS 7ULLULAHB Fbraey 810-10 BPowed 

16 0340 SAfiJOR MBS 0 Haydn Jones 8100 GlfcCowt 

81 Lite Guard, 7-2 Flight 4-1 Yankee Dootfia, 81 VM 

C3imb«, 81 SaAor Mbs. lOTctazari, 14-1 others. 

1NKBEHROW HURDLE (£1347: 2m 41) 


( 6 ) 

2 1124 DREAM MBKHANT R CSufoan 11-3 

3 ^14 PALA CHEF (C) W Casey 11-3 

4 081 PALACE YARDjQJ Jenkro 11-3 

7 4413 TA5H0NYA jCJjiB Weds 11-3 

8 TROERTOOLMsG Jones 11-3 — 

9 02-3 GLEN-ROY-BOY (B) A James 10-10 

7-* Patece Yard, 9-4 Pate Chief, 81 Osam Matehsrtt. 7-1 

Gten-Roy-Bojr. 181 Taahonya. 12-1 Timber TooL 

CHASE (2,351: 3m) (5) 

1 284 BICXLBGH BRDGE (C) J Roberts T2-11-10 

2 202 ST AIEZAN MTte 811-6 PsSSStS 

4 2332 NATIVE BREAK (H US W Sykes 8187- SMorataad 

5 0P-U PRMCar CAU (SAD) Mra G Jonas 12-180 

6 fte2 A7TENS STAR (B) J Bradey 11-10-0 G^tan 

13-0 fottw Break, 5-2 Princaly Cal, 81 St AJazan, 81 

BickMgh Qndga. 7-1 Atom Star. 

4J) SABRINA HANDICAP CHASE (£1,819: 2m 41) 

1 1P4- EMMASOHJD) J Steering 11-11-12. 

3 840 MORMNGBREakSw C asey 811-3 _ 

5 2-04 SttflfTECH0(qAB»d(maret1-1t-i 
70038 MWERJOE JD)0 Starwood 7-1812-__ 

9 4PF- CHESUN Mrs LCtw 7-189- 

13. EM TOME BS (Bjyj) R O'SuSvan 81 8S 

S Starwood 

18 Pfft TAKE A BOW 

19 0234 ABAUGHT 

20 P431 «mca.Y 

H Barber 18182 S Mirdinwl 

“ Mrs M Thomas 8180 R 
* M Tate 8180 Q 

81 Tata A Bow. 7-2 Abaflght 81 Numerate. 81 Prinote 

Lad. 81 Fradrfie Baa. 18I»3S \5XSr 

4-30 LEXICON HANDICAP HURDLE (£1.392: 3m) 

! S 

5 092 AN1ECE Mrs G Jcncs 811-4 _________ i c 

:i aBjaHatswBr— cu rSg 

19 OOP- DEVB.'S GOLD R ShitedWoS!Tlte caSSS 

More HopahA, 81 

Coorrt»^int,81 Spartow Superb, Shdektag. iCMoftera. 

Coarse specialists 

irAWU)& j Jenkins 30 uNimn fmm 19a P m nn - « 




By Mandarin 
2.15 Razor Sharp- 2.45 Baimatt. 3.15 Wiggbum. 
3.45 Crack A Joke. 4.15 Well Covered. 4.45 
Tartan Tailor. 


(12 runners) 

1 1002 DBCOVBi GOLD (D) K Bridgwater 811-8 

3 PD DtFFStBfT CLASS R Thompson 81 81 2_.C 

4 0043 GOLDEN TRIANGLE J Roberts 81812 — 

6 -223 M0NCLARE TROPHY P Sevan 7-1812 J A Haris 

7 208 RAZOR SHARP GPrest 81812 RDamoodv 

8 008 RICHARD UONHEART R E Psaoock 81812 

P O’ Domed (4) 

9 008 5KYGRANGE J Je nktes 8 1812 GBwSn 


PCeMte CT 

12 P- THE mtEYBGHTSI TTador 4-1811 MrMtewtev 

13 004- WALAd SAMS J Spearing 4-1811 PWaner 

15 -000 DISTANT SOUND ROKfcal 8187 CJma 

17 P-flP WffWALW Claries 4-186 TWd 

11-4 Razor Sharp. 7-2 Skwrange. 81 Richard uonherat, 
11 -2 Atoncbre Trophy. 7-1 GOkten Triangie. 181 others. 

(£1,622: 2m 4f) (9) 

2 812 ST COLME <BF)G W Retards 811-7 PTaek 

3 B331 BEAUNAVET(D)WGMTimr811-4 A Shape 

6 P/2- DKKEHSUNMrsSDBvenpon811 ~ 

7 HE3H0MDA Timefl 811%. 

8 008 JUVBULE PRINCE M Other 8- 1 1-0. 

12 -3F2 BALMATTDMcCan 81812. 

13 DIM CARO WOOD J Davies 81812 

14 P-04 CASTLE TRACK E Aten 81812. 

15 OOP- TCnSSAH W Wharton 8189— 

Stew KtegN 


W Monts 




9-4 Beau Navet 81 St Cotow. 81 Baftnatt. 81 Caro Wood, 
81 Dickensian. 12-1 CasUa Track. 181 otoera. 

Course specialists. 

TRAMERS; D McCwi 9 winners from 63 runners. 143K: P 
BevaR i3fron> 126. 103%: WCtey 12 from 135. 8^h(arfy torse 

; P Warner 6 winners trom 38 rides, 16,8%; R Crank 18 
from 115. 15.7%: S J O'Nefl U tram 124. 11.3%; TWa« 6 tram 
74. 8 1% tonty four qualifiers). 

1 032- PRBBER CHARUE(Cff) U HkicttHa 811-10 
4 -P11 **®®BUHN (tyq Mrs A Howia 7-1812 (Bear) 
kGWKdttitts 7-18T1. 



fCJJ) W HatS5l5482Z K rS 2 

6 0002 COTTAGERimSf^Ei 1 ]^^^"^ > 

8 -W2 EASIER BRH (BF) Q W Fbcharda 8l8g_H°9'?SS 

(5 EGWEHT mamwcap 

1 0« SJoilaM 


MS BECRUlre Novice HURDLE (£685; ^ «. 






Hanbury aims 
lor further 

... success 
W1 th Raahia 

(* Hanbury, t he 

. Ben Hanbury, the New u * 
inartrt trainer, is predicOm. 5? d won her 
that Raahia will f 0 U 0w fog iMa was « seD m m 
mufflohant fboweps of IS fe,?* her tndS-.Tita 

t noi ^ 


duil lassie winner, Midi^' v 
P**' ““jar. Raahia ^ 
ami* looted star maierial^ 
she swept home bv f 0 S? 

togths. °" racecourS 

debul in the Duke of ph;T 
borsh StakeT a, Of A ^ 0 "; 

yesterday. c ° l 

two previous 
a step up in 


" ol expect her to win 
Sameness is her forte." 

m St? SP Mond s one of the 
many tajemed young stayere 

2nSy Harrood’s teai^a^ 
}?)? ed his unbeaten sequence 
lenerh "UCt^C tWO* 

• < 

*® 1 £ )r I t, nc^ 

M I.eser 

j tor i*b/. ~ nswenas rote 

^itS?^T fromihew °n* but the Harwood 

*|* c has Srcat ability Sf bI ! T w,H ** represented in 
an tdemical ? e Newmarket race by EJ 
gopmme for her to that of Lonquislador and 

Lady this year." Smpboume. GreviDe Starkey 
m?* y* i *?j u jy Prevented w ^® ve to* choice of rides. 
SS tfte^ihe 0 ' I ?J? ppcar - The Queen’S Insular, who 

HLk a lhe and finished third after snferine 

£ki^h?n ns il a I the fi,, y mter ference, is most unlikely 
United Stales on represent Britain intte 

gs&wssss 2SSS^52- iBM -> 

J“°f ITS * ‘ m “ pal 

nvjds on the Classic scene Ian Balding, who said^do^t 

thinlr tin a aaI AZ— ■ i_. e* 

rivals on the Classic ^ cnc 
next year is likely to be Percy's 
uss, who was equally impres- 
sive when carrying top weight 
to a five-length success in the 
Holsten Pils Nursery. Both 
?re 33-1 shots with 
Ladbrokes for the first Classic. 

Percy’s Lass produced an 
exciting burst of acceleration 
and her trainer, Geoffrey 

— - - tn "uu M1U. 1 UUU l 

think the gelding is ready for a 
race like that. He had a long 
rest during the and Pve been 
unable to school him 

Follow The Band was virtu- 
ally pulled up by Kay 
Cochrane two furlongs from 
home in the Mecca Book- 
makers Handicap but Ray 

’ ™ lucy makers Handicap but Ray 

hp*a u^n ? ,?*- Cochrane, his jockey, was at a 

be 3 Classic filly. We 1] take it ln« m pvnisin tho Hicmoi 

be a Classic filly. We’ll take it loss to explain the dismal 
e^ now and she will defi- performance. 

"° l "■ ama lhis He -The colt com- 

^ , . pletely lost his action and at 

fiJSi ra |-? oon i e ’ IS 0 . 18 u *> one stage I thought he was 
did a splendid piece of going to fell over/He appears 
self-advertising when gamely sound enough.” Although 
n Ib _j- ] ““* ^yourije, there was no official inquiry 
Hjdctet Brief, by a neck in the into the horse's run. a vet later 
Grand Metropolitan Stakes. examined the colt and re- 
Although Danng Doone ported he was “gurgling”. 

Results from three meetings 



Going: good to ftmi 


2J; 3, tauter (Pat Eddery. 6-1). ALSO 


K* •- 

- c x. 

■ •*. ' 

3mm 34.7598C. After a ste w ards mqu iry 
result stands. 

2J0 (fit) 1, RAAHIA (R Cochrane, 7-2); 
2. Henryk (S Whitworth. 33-1 h 3. Atwami 
JA Murray. 13-2). ALSO RAM: 15-8 to 
Wan*ngo(4th}.3KaraK(5th).11 Royal Bob 
(6di K 12 Moral Sin, WGaraeThMchor. 8 
ran. ML ll. -ch lid 1L 2L B Hanbury at 
NewmaikaL Ttoia: £5.10: £1.50. EMk 
£1.50. OF: £5930. CSP £75.73. Imin 

3 j <1m> 1. DARING DOONE (M Rob- 
4 f avk 3. TmouM (W canon. S^. ALSO 
RAAt3MoonBg«Lady(6lh) 1 70oto(4thl 
8 Travel Magic. 20 Kick Tha Habit (5th}. 7 
ran. nk. 1KI. Sh hd. XL ah IHL A Stomtat 
Newmarfwt Tote: £830: £330. £1 .30. DF: 
£9.40. CSF: £2733. 1mm 4S.90aac. 

:?• ♦* ##•*' -y -r- 

to TrAn Seng. W Global Lady ptfij. 8 
Pas cTEnchore. 10 Mot Brigade (4thL 
Tufty Lady. 20 Take A Him. 25 MuarTdfc 
ffirtif. 10 ran. NR: MwajMiSL 1XL M.2XL 
ViL G Wragg at NawmmksL Tata: £4-60: 
£210. Cofi. £1.60. DF: £27.10. CSF: 
£36.51. Tncast £18937. Imin 30.75SOC. 
4.15 (1m 21) 1. SWIMMER (G Cartar.10- 


*?,?TE?a?5S: S 


^ Tote: £150: £1.10. £230. 
£130. Df: £530. CSF: £638. Sold to R 
Lee tor 4^400 gna. 

330 (3m ch) 1. LORD LAURENCE (R 
Dtnwoody. 2-1 i-Wk 2. th onwyn (p 
Scudamore, B-lk 3. ftawt Sofidtor (S 
14-1 1 Also ran: 2 it-to Cored 
54 Final Clear (4&1 25 Dnan 
ran. 4L 5L 9. 2LD GandoSo at 
Tale: £2.70; £1 JO, £230. OR 

CNm. &1k 2, Dm WeUw (R HyetL 4* 
to): 3, Speetah Gad tS ktcHei. 11-2L 
Also rare 9-2 Key Ftekar (puL 13-2 
, 20 Palafinale Kth). 25 
7ran.NR: Sir Lester, nk, 
6L 3t P ftSiliw) at SMpston on Stour. 
Tot* £64,10; £BA0. £lloToR £36.20. 
CSF: E5E82. 

430 (2m 4fhdto) 1. WMDRU8H SONS 
(P Banon. 11-2k 2. Rente Dazzle Bay (A 
Jones. 4-1 frtok 3. Aston Bank (H 
Davies. 4-1 jWav}. Abo rare 5 Houvtout 
|^Vl1-2 7 Sto^ 

Goes Weljpul 33 Diana's Delight (pu). 9 
ran. 4L 3L^. BL M MoCormack at 
Wtoaage. Tola: £4.40: £2.1 0, £1 .70L £1 .1 a 
DF: EriSa CSF: E2735. 

P tocepo t ESJOL 


Gotoff Fkm 

2.15 Qm hdto) 1. God* Lear 
zTwel mfotmed (4-1‘ 

r Niwn. 4- 

: £1.70. 

n6-lj. 6 ran. 4L *LMra G 
£1.30: £130, £1.70. DF: 


245 (3m ch) 1. Bl arktie e ft SMrjJ K 
Knane. 46 favk 2 R^Crerto (2M. 
Only 2 finished. 4 ran. J KCXivar. Tow win 
£1.TO. DF: £330. CSF: £838. 



&15 (2m hdto) 1, Gfttaa Grey (S 
KeMmvek 5-2fc 2. Frandto Mbs J4-1k 3 
Aviation Support WL4 rare 7L SjJ 
KaateweH- tora wn £230. DF: £530. 
CSF: £1038. No bid. 


4 to): 2. pawn toer (54k 3. 

U& Denys 

2t.8ran.NR: Sweet SheeiR.7L15L — 
Snfth. Tote: £230: £1.10. £1.10. C20L 
DF: £2.70. CSF: £5.99. 

t* 1 


Norton' at Barnsley. Tots: £4.40: £2.10, 
£120. DF: £3.60 CSF: £1534. Imin 

Jackpot E5398JS to SOp etefte. 
Ptacepot £3035. 

.% Worcester 

Going- Good to fcm 
23 (2m 41 hdto) 1, LIGHT THE LOT (S 
Sherwood. 2-9 tok&J **x«V*9 (G 
Memagn. T2-1J; 3. Smwr Mj^coJN 
Babbage. 5-1L Also ran: 20 Jean Prosper 
^ SOTifL ffe PBddycoup. 71. M. 12LJ 
Jenkins ai Eroom. Tote, win £1.10. Dft 
Z a 20. CSF: £332. 

' 230 Cm 4f Ch) 1. «*OKANN (P 

Scudamore. 4-6 fa yt&Cn«p And Ke en 

^ saK» Am 

4-7 . 

3 ran — - 

£130. CSF: £1.80. 

10L 4L 20. J 
£1 5tt £1.10. 
CSF: £6.05. 

at Ateesmr. Totre 
DF: E34G 

C ittU 

33 (2m lafie) 1. 7RAFRTANZI (C 
Brown. 1-2 toS 2. BoinWMtnBey (D 
Afraufu 12-1]: 3, Kitty (■ 

UcDennon. 2Q-lV AM ran. 5 Gtf Away 
(4tfi|. 12 Norde Secret. 20 VNre Pm 

4.45 (2m hdto) 1. KNmtgeome (M 
Meagner. 8-11 tofc i Rac*to« (Tl); 3 
Namcal Joke (5-fi. 4 rare B. 15L 6L R 
Alston. Tota wm £130. DF: £1.60- 
CSF: £2.65. 

5.15 On 4f IxflMfJ BatabWen(Mra G 
Z23a £130. OF: 

£1930. CSF: £3348. 

Ptacepct £6-15. 

• Pat Eddery has been booked 
by David Eisworth to partner 
Floyd, ante-post favourite for 
next Saturday’s Tote 
Cfesarewitch at Newmarket. 

Blinkered first time 

ASCOT: 335 Singing Steven. 4.10 



Dunlop raids Germany 
and Italy in title chase 

>. r?-. 

In Italy, 
aid Fo\) 
at Florence, 
carries a 

.£»•***" i»: 

John Dunlop, who runs High- 
land Chieftain and I WantToBe 
in Ireland this weekend, has ms 
sights set on other big pnzes »n 

Italy and Germany tomorrow 
and has fine prospects ° f dosing 
the gap on Michad Stoute and 
* Gu> Harwood in the race to be 
J leading trainer overseas. 

■ talv. Dunlop runs the 
cjvc Boon Point (Kicb- 
in the Piremio Casane 
,vx. The three year-old 
penalty for his victory 
(n the Grand Intcrnauong 
d'Ostcndc but 

of beating some o!der loojly 

trained horeeS. Amongh^sevni 

opponents is the Janies Bcth&O- 
t rained Sharp Nobte who will be 
partnered b> « 

M San Siro. Milan. Swam * 

the Dunlop hope Tor i)k goup 

one Gran Cntenum. There is 
strong British interest in the ^ace 
wilhlhe Lester FWHHgJ 
Kalpwrlic (Tony Ives) and Paul 
Coles consistent BceshLa good 
winner at Gopdwo^Jast time 
out. also in the “ 

up. John Reid takes t^ « ounl 
on the local colL.M'fi^JJ- 
In the supporting S r 9 u ^”®?: 
the Premip 

Warning tlvcsi and PoJykrags 
(Chris Rutter) flj the flag ior 

Britain. Among their five local 
opponents are Nacacytc (Willie 
Ctoon) and Ruruung Glory 

In Germany. Dunlop runs 
Siyah KaJem (Brent TbomsonX 
who looks good enough to 
capture the Grosser pree von 
Dusseldorf. The Michael 
Stout e-trained Eve’sTnor (Wal- 
ter Swinbum) has been perform- 
ing well abroad and could be the 
pnncipal danger. Greviile 
Starkey, on tbe locally -trained 
Amerigo Vespucci, arid Geoff 
Huffcr’s Cbartino, the mount of 
m-form apprentice. Gary Car- 
ter. may fight out third place. 

Locklon (Michael Hills) has 
each-way prospects for Jeremy 
Hindley in tomorrow’s Grand 
Critcrium at Longchamp. 
Foiiticng (Freddie Head) and 
Don Mario (Gerald Mosse) can 
battle out first iriace in a 
disappointing contest. 

Steve Norton has a good 
record in France but his 
Amongst the Stats will have to 
show improved form if she is to 
make her presence felt in tire 
Prix dc Royollieu. Sharaniya 
(Yves Saint-Martin) is likely to 
sian oddts-on and will be hard to 

j -■ • • . Cv* *. v ■/ . ^ 

Spanish challenger: Marta FigKsras-Dotti in joint second place behind Peggy Conley 


Pep talk that lifted Miss 
Conley’s spirit and game 

Peggy Conlev yesterday edged 
closer towards a famous win in 
the British women’s Open at 
Royal Birkdale only months 
after vowing that she would quit 
the game at the end of this 

The 39-year-old from Seattle. 
Washington, attached a second 
round of 69 to her opening 70 
for an 11 under par halfway 
aggregate of 139 and a one 
stroke lead from Debbie 
iwlim (70) and the Spaniard 
Maria Figneras-Dotti (72). 

Then she revealed how a few 
words of wisdom from Vivien 
Saunders, who won this title in 
1977, resurrected her enthu- 
siasm after bo- spirit evaporated 
when she plunged from third to 
21st hi the WPGA money list 
last year. 

“Vivien has given me some 
technical adyice but more im- 
portantly she rekindled my in- 
terest for golf,” Miss Conley 
explained . “She’s a sports 
psychologist, very positive and 
perceptive, and she gave me a 
good old-fashioned pep talk. 

“This was going to be my last 
year but I’m having so much fun 
again on the course that I expect 
to be around for a long while 

Miss Conley has overcome 
various problems in the past 
and as a sufferer of karpal tunnel 

By Mitchell Platts 

syndrome, which leads to poor 
circulation, she was compelled 
to have surgery on her left hand 
and she subsequently aban- 
doned a successful ca re e r on the 
US circuit. 

“I lost my playing privileges 
on our turf and I’ve no intention 
of returning because Fm now 
enjoying myself too much in 
Europe.” she added. 

Even so Miss Conley was 
reminded of one worrying as- 
pect of her game whe a Royal 

139: P Conley (US) 7(1 69. 140: D Dotting 

70, 70: M Rguaras-Dotti (Sp) 38. 72. 143: 

C Friend (U$71. 72.144: L DavtoS 71. 79; 

C PBrtonGa. 75: A Itichoba 72. 72: B Kkw 


B Hufce 71. 

73. 72; J Tonilt 75, 70. 
73. 73; K Doughs 72, 74: 
D Reid 73, 73; G Stewart 

74, 72: B New 69. 77;MNausa(US)70,7S. 

147! S SoudMtok 78. 89; D Mmy (US) 

78.71: M Bwton7a77; J 0»rachen76. 

71; M Scobtng 77. 7U 148: B tows 74. 

74; B Thorns (Ug 75. 73. 148: S 

Moorcraft78.71;C She 


! Sharp 73,78; PGrica- 

and Ancient official warned her 
on the 1 lth tee to “speed-up” as 
the championship organizers 
launched a thorough attack on 
slow play. 

“1 was once penalized two 
shots in an American event,” 
recalled Miss Conley. “And I 
played my last seven holes today 
fearing that h might happen 
again. I have a tendency to play 

stow and it was worrying as they 
kept timing us.” 

Miss Conley’s concern looked 
likely to ruin her prospects of 
leading when she took three 
putts at the 16th. rushing her 
second attempt and miming 
from 18 inches, but she regained 
her composure to fipish with an 
eagle three at the long 17th, 
where she struck a five iron to 
five feet, and a birdie at the lasL 
Miss Hgneras-Dotti, who 
won this title as an amateur at 
Royal Birkdale m 1982, was 
similarly anxious when she was 
warned for stow phy at the 1 7th. 
But by then she was more 
distressed by a succession of 
patting lapses which included 
missing once from nine inches. 

Sbelater stressed that she was 
bothered by there being no 
leader boards c» the course and 
officials and (he matter 
will be immediately rectified so 
♦hat the leading contenders will 
have some idea of their 
meats’ p rogres s during the 
1 two rounds. 

Kim Hurley, a 20-year-old 
from Hertfordshire who has 
won the princely sum of £273 in 
two years as a professional, 
earned herself a £1.000 bonus 
tinder the Perrier “HTEanieTe in 
one” awards scheme after holing 
her eight iron tee shot at the 

Norman trails to newcomer 

Tweed Heads, Australia (A P) 
— Breu Ogle, the Australian 
rookie, who was packing pump- 
kins for a living just 12 months 
ago. collected a six-under-par 66 
yesterday to take a two-stroke 
lead after two rounds of the 
$63,000 Queensland Open 

The highlight of Ogle’s round 
came on the eieveth hole when 
he holed out with a mne-trou-for 
an e a g le. ’ 

Ogle's 36-hoJe total of nine- 
under-par 135 was two shots 
better than the Australians, 
Greg Norman and Jeff Wood- 
and the New Zealander, 

Bruce Soolsby. 

Norman followed his open- 
ing-round score of 67 with a 70, 
while Woodland, the joint lead- 
er in the- first round, had a 73 
and Soulsby collected a 72. 

David Graham, the Austra- 
lian who is based in Texas, was 
well down the pack with 144 



159 on aggj: 


»fSnaiAfc)ll M 

Ktostm»i*wn [Ausmej 1 00, Toraen 

— Hr) 87 (Ttatpan met won 208-iaoan 
•gfr&ajwr LBVBriasen (Vtaj 86. Nashua Dm 

Bw£h tfcitft) 86- 76 (Baywr woo T56-14S on 

ISBi wM 

m 179- 

.Pto (3*01112: 



SPANISH LEAGUE Ssfaedefl 0. 

Madrid 2: SewW 0. Oder 0; AWafcc BKmo 2 . 

R«4 MATO I; Real Vafefloid Z Racro ft 

Raal Madrid L Barcelona 1; EapanoT 1. 

Oszsona 0: Real Hnia 1. Real SodadBd 2: 

Las Pdns D. Real Ben 0: Sponing t. Real 

Zaraodea 0. LodoB Batekve 

T^S^Raal uSttrfetKAStioD Madrid. 

it ' 



Ftreirredl— ton BSC Bynen: J 

: C Beac T Nona: r i 

NFUdO(GB ). 

^ftcoAd ■ 

Ltoenese irtws stotMg 


139 on egg) 

WO«i?feyal Charm CMrt I 

St, toying uimftoufg 37 (1 

193-raon a®): Slade Francas . . 

67. Canoe NKdcn Madrid (Sp) 57 RtoreUes 

won 149-116 on zgt Bor Tel An* 73. 

191 -118 on 

i penrnr- Aanm 4. La 
FOnds 4: Basle a Gcssslsoper Zurich 3: 
Laussrme a Serrate Genera Z Locarno 0, St 
Gaferi 0; Lucerne 5. ve*ey 1: NeuctMel 
Xtonex & Wetsngen 1; Yeung Boys 0, 
Betttuona 2 FC Zorich 1. StonTj. Letog 
Neudacel Xenax iGm Grass- 
• Sen. I5pts: Beamora. 12pm. 

IAL LEAGUE: rad cfiuWon: Btaddun 

a Aston Vm 1: Ewnon 7. MafdMrovtfi fls 
RuD X Leeds 2: Man CZy 2. LeKsstar 4. 
Second dMsilon: Bolton 2. Notts Oouzy 2; 
Huddersfield 2. Port Veto 1; Scorahorpe 1. 
Grimsby 2. P oe lpc n e * West Bromwich v 


TCNNENTS UK OPSt Fiat pato to w 

(GB ivtiess stated): At Bay: J 

MeaoowooB « B De ma rco, 9-2. Second 

: NOzakL MfcTNekaan; HtsNL 148M 

Qtakcl Aofcfc M Kieamc®: B Jones (Aust N 

VUhara: V toonua: C Tie-chung (Tel). O tor 
mm: 14BSG Masn (AusJ: CTZMtlra paQ: 
I Stanley (AuaJ: S Gton (AusL 147: T Gate 

FOUNOATION: Qratoto jaaQ At 
Bmugh: i. Hymen Co* ftut 23&. 2. John 
Leggsa Co* paadhoroe). at* X Scartwr- 
oupvi Form Co*. 250. W IndNtoat: 8 
Ramon (Hyows Co*), 72. 


Kr*sWfn(US) bt^Knultoi 




CROYDON: W jl t e n eeil ljlt 

CoRneMT Johnson (IE). 

bt A 


round. . _ 

M Hussein to D M e lto n (US). 

B totoM I (6 

StoOtta, nmi ittoi 

raonto): G 


to G 




mwah 74. Yawn CzectnslOHafeB 3*. 
BRITBH LEAGUE: Sheffield 55, Senton 23: 

« G WSonson (Am). At 

WOowc V Hems w M Fsher 94. At 

W om e etae K Owen tx S Newbuy M. At 

Lcieesiar B Mtoeleen (Can) la E Sinclair 94. 

Ai Bootle: TDrago (Mate) tXM Mona (Con). 

M. • 



Calgary names S. Boston Brufcis 3: 

Deris 6. New Yoric ft 

- - ?■ Edmonton 



Toronto Maoto 

4; dacago Bteckfawic; 3. New^ Yortt Banders 
2: WWrmg Jots 3 BufUo Sabres t. Los 
Angdes Kmgs 4. St Leias Btoes 3. 

SBatr A Krftswln 




Second rowd: G Kim (US) M L Garrone ( 

7. 7-6, 6-3. S Rohe (IE) Dt i Demongeof 

“ «to: L 
>7-6. 7*8 

. 6 - 

M (US) bt L i 

Graf (MB) btS Rate (US)6- 


New Zealand takes it 
easy in dock as her 
rivals slog it out at sea 

> VA 

y M 

From Barry PickthaU, Fremantle 

On a second 
day when Bri- 
tain’s White 
Crusader made 
most of the 
light ever-shift- 
ing breeze out 
in Gage Roads 
— this time defeating French 
Kiss by a convincing I minute 
28 second margin - main 
interest in these America’s 
Cup trials centred around new 
Zealand’s ’Plastic-fantastic’ 1 2 

While her 12 alloy con- 
structed rivals slugged it out 
on the race course, the 
controversial glass fibre con- 
structed New Zealand 12 me- 
tre remained modestly 
screened from view in her 
dock while Chris Dickson, the 
skipper, and his crew enjoyed 
a well-earned bye from this 
initial Round Robin series. 

In Britain’s race against 
French Kiss, Harold 
Cudmore, the skipper, who 
has yet to lose a start m this se- 
ries, soon had the measure of 
this promising French design, 
and after crossing the line two 
seconds ahead out towards the 
favoured starboard side of the 
course, was timely placed for 
the first big shift of the day. 

That change in wind direc- 
tion little more than a minute 
after tbe start, gave the British 
a five length lead and the race 
seemed settled - until the 
breeze suddenly shifted back 
again.Then French Kiss, com- 
ing in from the opposite side 
of tbe course, suddenly posed 
a serious threat dipping under 
White Crusader’s stern as they 

That moment of shock for 
the British soon faded, for 
Cudmore picked Crusader 
through the shifts to round the 

weather mark with a 1 minute 
13 second advantage.They 
then lost nine seconds to the 
KlS-sponsored French yacht 
on the running \eg that fol- 
lowed. indicating that the 
British still have their work 
cut out, improving their 
performance on these spinna- 
ker legs, beforereco vering lost 
ground on tbe next windward 

Thereafter, this race, like 
most others yesterday, became 
a procession, the 
Howleu-designed White Cru- 
sader losing 5-7 seconds on the 
remaining ofiwind legs of this 
18 mile shortened course, but 
then gaining again on the last 
beat to twist the knife into 
Gaelic pride for the second 
day in succession. 

In other matches yesterday, 
Tom Blackallefs USA had an 
untroubled race against 
Buddy Metaes* Heart of Amer- 
ica and fellow Americans 
aboard the Newport Beach 
challenger Eagle sent Azzurra 
down to her fifth defeat, this 
time by a 2 minute 3 second 

Dennis Conner, playing his 
chosen America’s Cup role as 
devil’s advocate in the con- 
troversy surrounding the 
construction details of the 
New Zealand boat, had little 
to side-track him during Stars 
& Snipes 4 minute 42 second 
slaughter of Challenge France. 

Tbe real blood-letting, how- 
ever, occured in the one-sided 
battle between America II and 
Courageous skipped by Dave 
Vietor, its co-owner. The Yale 
Corinthian yacht, which 
successfully defended the 
’Auld Mug’ m 1974 and 1977 
went down by the largest 
margin in her illustrious his- 
tory - an emb ar rassing 11 


Bale is back with 
a new challenge 

By Sex Bellamy, Tennis Corespondent 

Two of the balffoigotten men 
ofllritish teams, Stuart Bale and 
Jonathan Smith, win contest a 
semi-final of the Refuge Assur- 
ance national championships at 
Telford today. Each hasbealen 
two men with higher ranking s. 

Yesterday Bale won 6-3, 6-2 
against last year’s champion, 

Jeremy Bates,, and Smith beat 
Leighton Alfred 6-4, 6-3. 

Smith, aged 31, comes firms 
Exeter. In 1981 and 1982 he nos 
a Davis Cup player, primarily a 
doubles specialist. At Teiford he 
often remind? younger men how 
much they lave to learn. Bale, 
aged 22, is a left-handed Lon- 
doner who rep re sented Britain 
in last year’s European team 
champiohshipL Now he is 
renewing his challenge fix* a 
Davis Cup place. 

Seven months ago Bate had 
an operation on his left knee. It 
was not until after Wimbledon 
that he settled down to serious 
wort practice, gymnastics and 
naming. He had pat the work 
in, be said y ester day , so his 
present form was no sur p rise . 

“And last week did my con- 
fidence a tot of good,” he said. 

On September 22 Bale had a 
telephone call Inviting him to 
Essen for a week's pre-Telford 
practice with Boris Becker and 
the rest of the German Davis 
Cup team. Both the telephone 
call and the practice were good 
fm Bate's morale. Becker found 
the left-hander’s service difficult 
to read and iu tbe past two days 
Mike Walker and Bates have 
bad the same problem. 

“When his serves are that big, 
you have to guess a lot,” Bates 
said. “1 didn’t serve wefi, so be 
could just swing — and he hit 
some unbelievable shots. I had 
do chance to get into tbe rallies 
when he was serving — and 

edition of Annabel Croft 
Jane Langstaff put everything 
she had into her first set with 
Miss Hobbs, who was often 
tentative. Miss Langstaff was 
serving fix* the set at 5-4 and 30- 
30. That crisis behind her. Miss 
Hobbs raised the level of her 
game and Miss Langstaff could 
no longer bother her. 

Sarah Loosemore, aged IS, 
was beaten 6-3, 7-6 by Miss 
Gomer, who has withdrawn 
from the doubles because of a 
pulled thigh fnusde that was so 
painful yesterday that she some- 
times felt fainL Miss Gomer 
toyed with the idea of retire- 
ment if the second set went 
her — as it would haye 
but fora ihtle luck and tbe 

Lloyd out of 
British dates 

The recmrence of a knee 
injury has forced Chris Lloyd 
to withdraw from the Brighton 
tournament on October 20 and 
the Wigbtraaa Cup match 
between Britain and the 
United States at the Albert 
Hall an October 30. 

In the ocher semi-final Ste- 
Shaw win play Andrew 
who has replaced him as 
a Davis Cop player. Both looked 
brisk and competent yesterday. 
The women's line-up wifi be Jo 
Dune (twice champion) v Sara 
Gomer and Anne Hobbs (the 
holder) v 

feet that she was playing well 
enough to exploit her greater 

Miss Loosemore led 5-3, was 
serving at 30-0, and had two set 
points in the tie-break. One 
hopes, without confidence, that 
in the next few years she will 
have enough competition to 
build on her recent advance. 
HBTS SOWLE8: TMM routo: J Smith bt 

N FUwood 6-4. 4-6, 6-2: L Alfred bt B 

Knapp frg.fr3.Qmnw final*: S Shaw bt 

JGooda* 6 - 2 , 6 - 1 ;ACasttobtSBotfioU 6 - 

2, 6-1: S Bale bt J Bates 6-3, 6-% J Smith 

bt L Alfred 6-4. 6-3. 

is 3-8. 7-5. W. Otmrtar- 

tt S Rowes 6-4, 6-1; S 
Gamer bt S Loosemore fr3. 7-6: J Duria M 

C wood frl. 6-2: A Hobbs bt J Langstaff 

7-6. 8-0. 

SCOTTSDALE, ArttoOK WCT mart opes 
s Second round (US unless statoeft: J 

bt L Lavafio (Max)., frl. BO. TWI- 

LOUSE: MmYS graad pne Soeontf reuodfc T 

Tubsne (ft) WJ Brown (US) 7-6, 6-2. M Meek 
(CD bt J Potter (ft). 6-2, 6-3; J Gurason 
(S«ro! M S Erfcssur (S*Wi), 7-6. 6-2- M Sober 

W «“*• l™* fiteaek 7-6 63: G 

the revised, shmlme Forget (ft) MLPiroehJCa). 6-3. 7-6. 


Grants under threat 

By John Goodbody 

The Rugby Football Union 
and the Lawn Tennis Associ- 
ation are among the 29 govenz- 
mg bodies to have given “fimited 
commitment” to drag testing 
and amid lose their government 
gra nts if they do not introduce an 
effective programme in die com- 
iag year. 

A spokeswoman for the 
Sports GmbqI said yesterday 
that 58 of the 87 gover ning 
bodies had now introduced pro- 
grammes, including out-oFsea- 
son fcsth«. 

“We have not press e d tbe 
remaining bodies because the 
Drag Control Centre at Chelsea 

tfid not have the ability to carry 
out aft the testing. But now we 
have the resources,” she said. 

Both tbe RRI and LTA win 
have to agree to random testing 
of players if they are to ensure 
they receive government grants. 

In the last financial year, the 
Rugby Union received £12^85 
and the LTA £54,128 in direct 
grants. In regional capital grant 
and loan expemfitnre, toe Rugby 
Union received £234,722 and the 

LTA £584.079. 

In tbe year up to March 31, a 
local of 2000 drag tests were 
carried out. of which about 80 i 
were positive, mostly for pro- 
scribed medic am ents for illness. 



World Cup memories revived 

Paris (Reuter) - France and 
the Soviet Union, old World 
Cup adversaries, renew their 
rivalry in a battle for supremacy 
in group three of the European 
Championship today. 

‘The teams drew 1-1 in Mexico 
during the World Cup when 
they both readied the second 
round, but one win have to fell 
in this competition in which 
only tire group winners qualify 
for the 1988 finals in West 
Germany. . . . . 

Both dropped a pomt in their 
opening matches against under- 
rated Iceland in Reykjavik last 
month but remain favourites in 
a group which also includes East 
Germany and Nor way. 

France will be strengthened 
by the return of Michel Platini, 
who has not played for his 
country since the World Cup 
semi-final defeat by West Ger- 
many in Guadalajara on June 
25. They missed his influence in 
the 0-0 draw in Iceland when 
tbev looked bereft of ideas in a 
midfield already lacking the 
skills of Alain Guesse. who 
retired from international foot- 
ball along with Maxi me Bossis. 
d efender. after the Mexico 

Platini, who has been ham- 
pered by tendinitis, knows the 

end of his distinguished inter- 
national career is near bin, 
luckily for France, is prepared to 

cany on if needed. 

Eight of the team trim drew 
with tbe Soviet Union last June 

mil start the match, white the 

Soviet side will once again bear 
the stamp of brilliant European 
Cup-Winners’ Cup victors Dy- 
namo Kiev, who supply 10 of 
tbe 16-strong squad. 

Apart from Giresse ami 
Bossis. France . are without 
libero Patrick Baitision, who b 
ruled out with a groin strain. 
Philippe JeaniioL vastly experi- 
enced at dub level gains hb first 
full international cap as 

France have not beaten the 
Russians since 1972 when Mi- 
chel himself was in the side and 
Oleg Blokhin, an evergreen 
member of the current Soviet 
squad, was already on the scene. 

France make four changes 
from the team which faced 
Iceland. Platini and Jean-Marc 
Ferrari enter midfield and Ber- 
nard Genghini. Jean-Ptene 
Papin replaces Stephane Paine 
up fronL 

FRANCE J Bats: W Ayacta. B Be*. P 
JoonaoL M Afpaas: L Fwnmtoz. J 
TytnM-M Forreri. M Ptatint Y Stopyn. 

SOVIET UMON :(posafcto): R Doscmr; T 
Sutofcvofctze. OKumetsov. v Bessonov, 
A Demianenko: P Yakovenko, V 
KNdyatouto. S AMHkov. V Rots. I 
Batanov. A Zavarov. 

• ROME: (AP) - Aze$lio 
Vicini. the Italian 
mana£p\yesierday summoned 
aO main league players and five 
members or tbe regular national 
team for the first-leg final of the 
European under-21 football 
championship Italy mil play 
against Spain 

at Rome's Fbnrinio stadium 
next Wednesday. 

' Vicmi, a long-time coach of 
the under-2! team who recently 
succeeded Enzo Beaizotas man- 
of the national squad, will 
M in Rome Walter Zenga, 
goalkeeper: Fernando De Na- 
poli a midfield player and 
Roberto Donadoni. . Roberto 
Mandni and Gian Luca Vialli, 
forwards, who starred in last 
Wednesday’s exhibition match 

r 'nst Greece in preparation 
qualifying matches of tbe 
European championship. Italy 
won 2-0 with goals by Giuseppe 
Beigomi. their World Cup vet- 
eran defender. 

Other players summoned for 
the Under-21 final in Rome 
included defenders Paolo 
Maldmi. of Milan, and Riccardo 
FWri. nf rnlemazioiwlf. 

minutes 33 seconds - and her 
crew are now threatening to 
withdraw from the series un- 
less they receive an immediate 
$350,000 advance from Leon- 
ard Greene, the- Syndicate 
head, to give the old fpri some 
new sails- Sadly, I have to 
report that it would be money 
down the drain and we expect 
her withdrawn before the end 
of the month. 

The only drama of the day 
came when both Italia and 
Canada II confused 
their own weather mark, for 
the wing buoy on the second was a race that Terry 
Nielson’s crew aboard Canada 
II should have put away, but 
the red-faced Canadians 
trailed home' 1 minute 7 
seconds behind. 


HEAT 1:WMa Cnnadar K24 0SBL 
2hr.49mm 3 sad* French Kiss F7 (Fit 

25031. Wfcnlnfl maraht 
t Eanto US60 ri 

Eagle US60 (US). 2£ 
10(^23432. Wring 

25249 M 

Azzurra (10 1 


ot America USSl (U % 25533. Wtantag 

margkE 339. 
HEAT 4: 

■4: Italia F7 QB. 333.03 U Canada 
KC2 (Can), 304:10. V 

aingmaigfR: 1133. 

HEAT 6: Store one 
251:19 bt Chdtonge 
25601. Wtontog migln: 4:42 

and Stripes US55 (US). 
K> France F8 FO. 


Stars and Stripos '87 



- 5 



Canada H 





„ 3 




.... O 

Cnaleffige Fran« 


Write Crusader v Azzurra lit; Ctnlenga 
France v America B: USA v Canada U: New 
Zealand IV v Courageous IV: Heart of 
America v Eagle: Kolia v French IGsa. 

Conner in 

From Barry PtcktbaD 
In a further twist to the 
‘Glassgate’ controversy 
surrounding the New Zealand 
glassfibre America's Cup chal- 
lenger, Dennis Conner’s Stars 
and Stripes syndicate yesterday 
published the correspondence 


The syndicate president. 
Malia Burnham, who has sailed 
with Conner since hb 1980 Cup 
victory, said last night that the 
integrity of the Southampton- 
based surveyor, who oversaw 
the construction of the boat, or 
Lloyds itself was not in 

“But in the question of 
fibn^Iass hulls, it b almost 
impossible when laying down 
strips of rerinated doth to get 
uniformity of thickness and 
strength.” Burnham explained 
last night. “What we are asking 
for is a simple check. What we 
are saying is that when more 
sophisticated techniques are 
used for constructing yachts, 
more scientific methods of 
measuring them should be 

Having demanded that core 
samples be taken from the New 
Zealand yacht, Burnham admit- 
ted that there were other meth- 
ods to check the thickness of 
hulL including ultrasonic tech- 
niques, and that hb syndicate 
would be happy for measurers to 
check the boat over this way 
provided the results were 

The New Zealand syndicate 
chairman, Michael Fay, said 
earlier that he could not under- 
stand why Conner had waited 
until now to bring up thb matter 
when it was known for a year 
that their challenger would be 
moulded in glassfibre. 

Burnham warned last night 
that unless a scientific approach 
was taken to measurement now 
with these first glassfibre boats, 
a precedent would be set that 
might make tbe rest of the 12- 
metre fleet obsolete. That of 
course b exactly what Alan 
Bond's wing keeled wonder. 
Australia II did back m 1983 
and many here in Fremantle are 
guessing that Conner was wor- 
ried that it might happen again. 

Champagne in 
Martin’s port 
of Cape Town 

Tbe champagne was being 
loaded into Cape Town's cool- 
ers in preparation for the John 
Martin's arrival at hb home 
port at the head of the 24 strong 
BOC single handed round the 
world race fleet tonight (Barry 
Pickihall writes). 

Yesterday morning, Martin's 
. .HI monohull. Tuna Marine 
Voortrekker, was within 300 
miles of the Cape, the first 
compulsory stopover in thb 
27.000 mile solo race which 
started from Newport Rhode 
Island at the end oi August, 

Martin had been becalmed for 
much of Thursday night but 
yesterday be reported making 

good progress towards the finish 

200 miles ahead of hb nearest 
rival Philippe JeamoL aboard 
lhe similar sized Credit Agricole 

Lading dass II for yachts up 
ta 50ft overall b Jeantal's 
fellow Frenchman. Jacques de 
Roux, holding fourth Diace 
overall behind Guy Beraatdin's 
Biscuits Lu_ 

595 mto. Class m. j * ttoSrStoSB 

(Ft). 868 maos: 2. M 

XV (US). 1245 mtasTS: RtoSSfc- 

— * -»~»arau ri PTHimng , 



• ■'r 

Tottenham faced with a 20-year leeway to make up 

Pleat fails to find flat spots 
in the Liverpool machine 

They used t o say that BID Shankly 
assassinated the character and ability of 
every member of the opposition before 


Today, as Tottenham Hotspur step 
into the line of fire at AnfieW, David 
Pleat, their manager, like those before, 
him, could find no flat spot in the 
Liverpool machine after watching them 
in midweek. Instead he dedarecfc“Tbey 
were absolnteiy frightening.” 

“Of what r*e seen so far they are 
again die leading team,” Pleat said. 
Even cheered by the news that Gongfc 
Mabbtrtt, Stevens and Clive Allen were 
all fit after recent doubts. Pleat had to 
search for a silver lining. 

“At least yon know Liverpool aren't 
going to throw many high balls into the 
box. They're going to play football 
ogiinst yon hot they're going to play it 
better than anyone else in the first 
division. ” 

Liverpool have 
20-year start 

Pleat appreciates that the problem of 
competing against Liverpool is that they 
have a boot a 20-year start on everyone 
else. “When they went into the first 
division they knew the policy of. how to 
ran a dub. Peter Robinson, their 
secretary, has a lot to do with it. He's 
worked alongside all their managers. 

They've never varied their policy. 
Everyone's passionate about the dub. 
It's more than a job. Look how many of 
ttae backroom staff have played there — 
Evans, Moran, Molineux, Twentyman, 

Yeats, Dalglish, Lawler; There's an 

“Some people who nsed to be at 
Liverpool talked about the ‘redpe’, 
‘We’ve got the redpe.’ I don't know 
about any redpe. But I A) know 
Liverpool do very well from die lower 

leagues. They’D pay oat for three or fimr 

in a season and one of them wfll make it 
They play the percentages. Look how 
many goalkeepers (Tottenham’s own 
Clemence, front Scunthorpe, included) 
they've had over die years from lower 

Pleat recognises that only die big 
dobs with big crowd potential can offer 
a realistic challenge Over a period. 
“Nottingham Forest’s success can only 
be fleeting. Eventually they wfll be 
forced to seli. lt was the same at Luton. 
Once yon had a successful season 
players wanted more money or a move, 
ft's a vicious drde.” 

At Tottenham, Pleat can only attempt 
to copy the good footballing habits of 
Liverpool. “Yon can't have any pre- 
conceived plan. I do, however, believe in 
a strong spine down the middle. I want to 
get the players to respect each other. 

“We have me or two exceptional 
individuals in the team and I've got to 
persuade them that it's better to pass 
early because it’s the speed of the ball 
and the angles that beat the opposition 
as much as the movement of the players. 
Look at Liverpool. They haven't got a 
dribbler. It's (mocked out of them. I'm 
told at Liverpool in seven-a-ddes if 
someone didn't do it their way they were 
hauled out and made to go lapping.” 

Pleat said that he had dime five deals 
in three months but that he would have 
to do much more. He is hiving that 
Claeses, signed last weekend for more 

than £600,000 from Standard Liege, wfll 
give him the host of pace that 
Tottenham have been lacking down the 
middle. He was very pleased with the 
pre-season formation in which Waddle 
and Galvin played wide. 

Claesen, like Gough, is 24 and his 
other signing, Thomas, is 21. They are 
an investment for the f ht me and yoang 
enough to lurid, their price if things do 
not writ out 

A new player is 
like a new coat 

After watching Oaescn, who has been 
cleared to play today, in training, Pleat 
observed* "It’s like btvying a new coat for 
yonr wife and not being snre if it’s going 
to fit her. Bnt when yon see her in it yon 
realize it wasn’t a bad bny. He’s got a lit- 
tle bit of pace, he’s certainly brave, 
there’s no stamina problems and he 
speaks English well enough. Also he's 
European, not Sooth American, so he’s 
45 minntes away by plane. We've 
advised him to bay a boose here 
eventually rather than rent” 

He added that he thought Claesen 
was that mach mature since spending an 
indifferent period four years ago with 
Stuttgart “Keegan told me in Mexico 
that foreign players can become alien- 
ated in Germany.” 

Pleat knows only too wefl the im- 
portance of meeting challenges when 
you're still young' “Gordon Lee told me 
once you’ve got to make the moves while 
yon have the energy and enthusiasm. 
Now is the time for me to fail or 


Mean horse who 
nearly died f 
wins top prize 

By Jenny MacArthur 

Speedie demands a transfer 

David Speedie demanded a 
transfer yesterday when he and 
Chelsea's other unsettled play- 
ers. McLaughlin and S packman, 
met John Hollins, the manager, 
to discuss their future. 

The Scotland international 
made his request following his 
omission, along with the other 
two. from the side which beat 
York City in the Linlewoods 
Cup in midweek. It also follows 
a report in a Sunday newspaper 
that Speedie was involved dur- 
ing the summer in a brawl with 
Canoville, who has now left the 

Hollins said: “Speedie has 
asked for a transfer, but until I 
have the chance to speak to my 
chairman there is nothing else to 
say. Anything 1 might add 
would only increase the specula- 
tion surrounding the dub.” 
Speedie, who was signed from 
Darlington for £70,000 four 
years ago, would now fetch 
around 10 times that figure. 

His transfer request follows 
that of McLaughlin, which was 
immediately turned down. 
McLaughlin, also a Scot, said he 
was being taken for granted and 
that Chelsea's dismal start to the 

By Clive White 

season had thwarted his inter- 
national ambitions. The pair of 
them and Spademan wifi miss 
the game against West Ham at 
Upton Park and play. for the 
reserves against Chari ion at 
Stamford Bridge. Chelsea fin- 
ished sixth in the league last 

One must go back a long way 
in Howard Kendall's reign to 
find the last occasion Everton 
lost three consecutive matches. 
But it would be a mistake to 
think that after losing to Totten- 
ham Hotspur, Liverpool and 
Arsenal, Kendall has lost his 
golden touch. On the contrary, 
he has performed with ad- 
mirable skill in guiding Everton 
as for up the table as fifth place. 

Today they face Charlton 
Athletic at SeUmrst Park, still 
fielding only half a first-choice 
team. SouthaiL Van den Hauwe, 
Reid, Brace well, Stevens. 
MountfieJd and Pointon are still 
absent with long-term injuries. - 
And for two of those last three 
defeats, they have been without 
the cniriai presence of Heath, 
who has done so well in replac- 
ing the enormous void left by 

Lineker's departure to Barce- 

Aspinall, signed from Wigan 
Athletic in January for 
£100.000. could also help to give 
Everton a fillip in attack. He 
scored five times during the 
week, in the reserves’ 7-0 defeat 
of Middlesbrough. Chariton, 
who have yet to win at home 
this season, see this as their 
chance to pul a quality feather in 
their rapL Lee has been in good 
form Tor them up front and in 
contrast to Everton their only 
injury doubt concerns Hum- 
phrey at foil bade. If he does not 
recover from a foot injury, Grin 
will take over. 

Andy Gray, a former Everton 
favourite, who has spent more 
time in the treatment room than 
he or his many supporters 
■would wish, may play his first 
League game in six months for 
Aston villa, who are at home to 
Southampton. Gray hobbled off 
with another injury, this time to 
bis ankle, after scoring twice in 
midweek against Renting. El- 
liott. who has had stitches in a 
cut eyebrow, is another who is 
prepared to fight on in the 
renewed cause of Villa. 

Clive White 




Manchester United players 
have been in the wars again this 
week — even at training (Clive 
White writes). The central de- 
fender, Kevin Moran, injured at 
Port Vale on Tuesday, has had 
to pull out of today's league 
game at home to Sheffield 
Wednesday and the Republic of 
Ireland's European Champion- 
ship qualifier against Scotland 
in Dublin next week. 

Moran, who needed four 
stitches in a gashed forehead 
after the Littiewoods Cup tie, 
said: “l don't know how many 
times I’ve had to pull out of 
Irish squads because of injuries. 
It's worse because this is the 
most important game we have 
bad in years.” 

United may also be without 
Olsen and Moses, involved in a 
mysterious training accident 
which left Olsen also requiring 
stitches in a head wound. Mo- 
ses, who scored two goals 
against Port Vale, is doubtful 
because of an ankle ligament 

Sue Dye doing it in style (Photograph: Hugh Rootiedge) 

Peter Charles riding Cecil 
Williams' April Sun. the horse 
who nearlv died from a twisted 
gut in April, won yesterdays 
£3,000 first prize in the Everest 
Double Glazing final over foe 
biggest course of foe week so tar. 

Their win. foe second for 
Charitt this week, came at foe 
expense of Harvey Smith on 
Sanyo Shining Example foe 
only other rider to reach the 

■^^erwards Charles, who 
competes with foe Bmisft team 
on next month’s North Ameri- 
can lour, said of April Sun: nc 
hates people — mean from the 
day he was bom. but he is a Meat 
horse to ride.” His near fatal 
illness occulted in April during 
the boat crossing to foe World 
Cup final in Sweden. He had 

four months off but has returned 
to top class showjumping better 
than ever, as he proved yes- 
terday - _ . . 

The big course for the first 
round quickly took its toll 
despite foe high class entry. 

David Broome and Pheonw, 

Park plunged through foe diffi- 
cult planks at fence six and 
retired. Philip Heifer was next to 
retire after View Point, 
succumbing to his old problem, 
refused at foe second part of the 

Even Whitaker, on the mighty 
Milton, had on extraordinary 
debacle at foe wall, foe last pan 
of foe combination, but made a 
good recovery to finish on four 

Earlier. Geoff Billington 
achieved a rare double at Wem- 
bley when he won foe compet- 
itive Norwich Union National RwTarMte 

Grade C championship having 

already won Tuesday s spmt 3 .Mr®KiMrePL 88 -TByiorsRuat)r 

Foxhunter championship. 

Both wins came on the 10- 
year old Edisford Bridge, a horse 
Billington described as a “vir- 
tual write-off* when he bought 
him last year. "To win foe 
Foxhunter with him was excit- 
ing enough,” Billington said., 
yesterday. ”1 never dreamt we’d 
get the Grade C as well” . 

Before this week Billington 
had just one Wembley win to his 
credit having competed here 
since 1972, Yesterday be went 
fourth in the seven horse jump- 
off which was dominated by 
professional riders, including 
Nick Skelton on Raffles Duel 
and David Broome cm 
Lannsgan, both of whom failed 
to go dear against foe dock. 

Before Billington went into 
foe arena be was told “to go like 
hell” by bis friend John 
Whitaker who had iust watched 
Emma-Janc Brown s quick and 
clear round on Everest Oyster — 
she finished third. 

Billington* did as tokl on his 
Hanovanan gelding and com- 
pleted foe course in the fastest 
time — 30-54sec. Paul Sutton; 
foe next to go. put up foe kind of 
challenge one has come to 
’ expect from this talented 
year-old rider on Bally FlaslCa 
former event horse, out had to 
settle for runner-up for ' foe 
second time this week. ;• 

RESULTS: Everest Double Gtextap Pfcnfc 
1 , April Sun (P Chwtes) 0 in 3BMj »c 2. 

Srtrtng EiuuwpW. l H^m ^Q w 





I 1, 


39 16. 3, ntf» bed-NorwIcb _ 
Grade C CfcmpiowMK 

0 in 30.54: 2, EM* 






Gilbert boosts his 
Test chances 

From Richard Streeton, Baroda 

David Gilbert staked a claim 
to retain his place in the 
Australian team for foe third 
Test match in Bombay when foe 
touring side began a three-day 
match with Delhi here 

The Indian champions 
reached 275 for five by foe dose, 
with Gilbert bowling with 
plenty of hostility to finish with 
force for 52. He played in the 
rain-ruined second Test in 
Delhi, when he came in for foe 
onwefl Reid. Reid is certain to 
return next Wednesday, so the 
other fast bowling place rests 
between Gilbert or McDermott. 

In fierce sunshine foe Austra- 
lians had a gruelling time, with 
douds of swirling dust from 
large, ungrassed parts of an 
uneven ouifidd adding to their 

Bright foe Victoria State 
captain, led foe Australians, 
whose fast bowlers obtained 

plenty of lift from foe baked 
pitch. Reid, the 6ft 8in left-arm 
bowler, was . foe steadiest; 
McDermott also hinted that be 
is coming to terms with his short 
run, while Bright and Matthews 
were able to turn the ball 
Khanna, who toured England 
in 1979, survived a hard return 
chance to Waugh at 26, but 
made some attractive strokes in 
a first-wicket stand of 93, before 
Gilbert had him leg-before. Two 
youngsters. Manu Nair and 
Bhaskar Pfllai, then made a 
good impression, Nair going on 
to make 72 before falling fbw to 
Bright, his partner making 41 
before McDermott trapped him 
in similar fashion. 

Amamatb hit Matthews for a 
straight six before he pushed 
forward and was caught behind. 
And Gilbert took his third 
wicket when Lamba sliced a 
drive to Waugh, in foe gaily. 
DEUO: first fcmtags 275 far 5 IM Nnw 
72; K Azad 48 not out Gitnrt 3 tor 52) 


Australians’ reputation 
does not awe Wigan 

By Keith MackUn 

All the talk about foe 1982 still uncertain as to the type ofj 


(League pos&onnpanntmees) 

Arsenal (12) v Watford (14) Manchester United (21) ▼ 

Arsenal are unchanged after toot week’s 
wm at Everton, when means they are stB 
without Nicholas. Rix and Robson. Faico 
makes he debut against a side who have 
to concede a goal a home. 

Aston Villa (20) ▼ . 
Southampton (9) 

Gray is set to 

play las firs League match 
for VBb. despite numg an 
(weak. Vlito wfll Sen an 
am with Bolt pteyfna witfi 

i months 

ankle in midweek, 
unchanged team with Bwtt 
sntenes in an eyebrow. ! 
recall Bond #i place of Grttens and they 
wifl oe without Jordan (broken nose) and 
Armstrong (cad strain). 

Charlton Athletic (18) v 
Everton (5) 

Heath could return attar musing two 
defeats for Everton. who include In their 
squad Aspnak who scored Bve for me 
reserves m nadweek. Charfran may be 
without Humphrey, who has a tool injury. 
Gntt is the reserve. 

Leicester City (13) v 
Nottingham Forest (1) 

Bunco, aged 19. rakes Ms debut for 
Leicester on the wig. Bowyer. the Forest 
captain. returns m a M-shength side, 
unbeaten snoa the first day of the season. 

Liverpool (3) v 
Tottenham Hotspur (7) 

Dalglish and VYark are in Ane. after injury, 
tor a return to the Liverpool side. Whelan, 
however, is stfl troubled by a ttogh mjury. 
Tottenham's sway problems have cleared 
up. Stevens. Gough. Mabbutt and CUve 
Alton are all avaflaoto m a 15-man squad. 

Luton Town (10) ▼ 

Norwich City (2) 

Luton wfll again be without Harford, who 
has a blood dnoroor. and posstety 
Johnson (nip injury). Breacksr or 
McDonough, the new signing, may come 
in Butterwonn plays ihe Iasi game of Ms 
loan spefl tar Norwich, who hope to sign 
ihe player penttanerafy. 

Sheffield Wednesday (4) 

Wednesday leave out waiter, who scored 
a fwt-trk* in m idwe e k, and Smith, who 
has had a transfer request tuned down. 
United wU be without Moran (eta fore- 
head) and Moses (antes injury). Hogg and 
Whiiaside are the deputies. 

Newcastle United (22) v 
Manchester City (19) 

Newcastle recal Cunningham after injury 
in ptoce of Whitehurst, placed on the 
transfer list as a tfsdpllnary measure. 
Reid could play his tost game since 
dislocating a shoider in Span. Davies, 
who may rejoin Fuftam next week. « 
expected to replace Chnsde, who has a 

Oxford United (16) v 
Coventry City (6) 

Coventry’s reliable defence, which has the 
second best recota In me first dtasxm. s 

distuned by npmes to KUne and 

Downs. Mc&Bth is also absent Rodger. 

Sedgfey and Gym wfl deputise tor the 

three. Oxford wait on the fitness of Phttps 

and Houghton. Parks, signed on loan from 

Spus. plays In goal. Judge wd have a 
cartilage operation next weak. 

Queen’s Park Rangers (IS) 
v Wimbledon (11) 

Fenwldc still not fit after a summer groin 
xiiury. has another game In the reserves, 
but Byme will be back. W i mbledon have 
not named a side. 

West Ham United (8) v 
Chelsea (17) 

waiford and Hilton wffi form West Hem's 
central partnership If Gale does not 
recover from a toot irflury. Martn is <toe to 
enter hospital tor an exploratory operation 
on a knee. Chelsea win keep the same 
side that beat Yak. wtflen means no place 
for Speedie. McLaugnm or Spademan. 

Australian touring team being 
irresistible, swashbuckling and 
perfect exponents of foe arts of 
rugby league, is not cutting 
much ice in Wigan. 

The directors, players and 
spectators at Central Park 
remember that in foe 1982 tom- 
game the Kangaroos were given 
foe fright of their lives before 
winning 13-9, and were hanging 
on to foe ropes at foe end of foe 
match, with Wigan several 
times dose to a winning try. 

On that tour, which is now 
assuming legendary proportions 
after only four years, Bradford 
Northern also ran the tourists 
very close, so Wigan are not 
disposed to face a psychological 
banicr of fear and respect in 
tomorrow's game against the 
Australian class of 1986. 

Wigan, who wfll have a crowd 
of around 25,000 roaring as only 
an English .crowd can roar 
against the Australians, expect 
to catch the tourists still finding 
their way about England, and 

opposition they can expect ihu 
time around. 

If Hanley is fit. and foe borne 
side expect him to be, his 
powerful running, and the idio- 
syncratic bobbing and weaving 
of Henderson Gill will cause 
severe problems for even foe 
hyper-tough Australian defence. 
A great deal will depend on 
whether Graeme West can bring 
out a pack performance from 
Wigan that will provide a. 
reasonable platform for Wigan’s' 
running hades. 


St Helen’s rugby league club 
made a record £80,000 loss 
last season. £57.000 more than 
in the previous year. Gates* 
receipts fell on average by-- 
£1,000 a match after tfter- 
depanure of the dub's Austral 
tian player. Mai Meninga. V 


3.0 unless staiea 

First division 

Arsenal v Watford — 

A WBa v South am pt on 
Charlton v Everton 
Leicester v Nottingham F 
Liverpool v Tottenham — , 
Luton v Norwich 

Second (fivtsion 

Barnsley v Bradford _ 

Btackbum v WBA 

Derby v Hun 

Grimsby v Plymouth . 
Ipswich v Brighton _ 
Leeds v C Palace _ 

Manchester Utd v Sheffield Wed _ 

Newcastle v Manchester C 

Oxford v Coventry 

QPR v Wimbledon 

West Ham v Chelsea 

MOwal v Shrewsbury _ 

Ofcftam v Stm derta n d 

Portsmouth v Birmingham 

Sheffield Ihd v Reading 

Stoke v Huddersfield 

Third division 
Bristol C v York 
Buy v Doncaster — 
Cartiste v Darlington . 
Chesterfield v P Vale 

Fulham v Swindon 
Mansfield v Brentford — _ 
Middlesbrough v Blackpool . 

Newport v Chester 

Notts Co v Rotherham 

Walsall v Botton 
Wiqan v Bristol R 

Fourth division 

Aldershot v Burnley 
Exeter v Lincoln 

Peterborough v Rochdale 

Preston v Cambridge 

Stockport v NotUainpton P 

Swansea v Scunthorpe 

Torquay v HaOfax (7 JO) 

Wolverh a mpton v Tranmere - — 
Wrexham v Cardiff 

Bring v Cdrvy. King’s Lynn v . — . 

Cily; Ekry Town v Harlow; Long Buck By: Baldock v Bourne; 
Xl Park8S»n v Woodlort; Desborough • *- - 

am WOod v Aytosbury Hampton 
: Trading v Uxbridge: Hendon 

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FA CUP: Third qualifying round: 
Easrigton CoAery v ChestoM^StweC 
Momcarohe v Bishop Auckland; Now- 
casfle Blue Star v Wortangkxv Gretna v 
Biydi Spartans; Sponminoar * Pstsrim 
Newton: Arrmtxjrpe Weffcne v Chortey; 
Southport v Em ley; Boom or Eastwood v 
Caernarfon; Rosssndale v Oldbury 
Skdmersdata v North w ich Victoria; Lye v 
Gooie; Grantham v Gawisbocough TrirWy; 
Malvern v Kidderminster Harriers; 
Wolverton * Stafford: Stevenage v 
Halesowen; Bromsgrovo Rovers' v 

March; Kettering v 

Cartridge C" " 

Harwich and 
Boreham WOod v A 
Fahor . .. 

WOKng; Staines v Wemtiiey: Ha ringey v 
Budcnghann Dover v Carshaftun Rams 
Bay v Whrtstabie: Woking v Crawley; 
Sauihwich v Newport isle rt wwtt Road 
Sea v Fareham: ration AFC v vfimbome: 
Tfowbndge v Stourbridge: Ctevedon v 
Ton Psmre; BxJetord v Forest Green 
Rovers: Exmouth v Minahead. 
SOUTHERN LEAGUE: Premier dhrisksc 
Atoecfturch v Fo fr astone: Bedwonh v 
Hanford: Chelmsford v Baskrastoka: 
ttidley V Gosport (at WakmhaX FCk 
Redtftch v Wkney, SaSOtuxy v Worces- 
ter; Shrashed v waanhufl. MMaad 
tevisun: Gtaucesw v Rushden; Leamro- 
ton v Hednesfard; Merthyr Tydfil v 
MoorgreercVS Rugby v Leicester United: 
Weffirigtxjrough v Bteton. Southern ■*- 
vt a ic n; Burnham and HWWgdon v Thanat 
Chatham v Andover DcrcFiestBr v Rias- 
Bo; Enth and Belvedere v Canterbury; 
Gravesend and NorthSeot v Foote; Haa- 
tings V Dunstable: Sheppeyv Corinth ia n s: 

gfrtotorc Beaoonsfleld v Brtmsdown; 
Bectaon V nsdh* Crown and Manor v 
Penna nt; Edgwsrs v Amersham; 
Northwqod y Ulysses; Southgate v 

Brwdiam v Wisbech: Cotahestar re- 
sumes v Gortsston: Great Yarmouth v 
Lowestoft _v Hteton; Newmarket v 
^xstowe; Sudbury vSoham Thetfard v 
Havertia; Tk Aree v Chatteris; Walton v 

LEAGUE: Premier di v isi o n: AmpthR v 

GM-Vauxhafl Conference 

Bath v Dagenham 
Boston v Gateshead _ 
Cheltenham v Fricktey 
Enfield v Altrincham _ 
Maidstone v Runcorn . 

Sutton U v Nuneaton _ 

Telford v Scarboro — 

- Arlesey; Hotoeach v 
Rorn well: Northampton Spencer v 
Woobon Pocon v Bracktoy; Rajxxts v 

Weymouth v WeaMstone . 




Tonbndga v Ashtord. 

LEAGUE: Premier ee- 
l’s Stanford v St Albans; 
, lyes; Croydon v Barkmi; 
Fambcrough v Outmch: Slough v Wyc- 
ombe: Tooting and Mitcham V Htafirt; 

wafthamstpw v WDkftMiam; Windsor and 

Eton V Hngstanian; Worthing v Harrow; 
Yeoml v Bognor. Fbst (Mstarc FtetHay v 
Leytonstone/utonL Grays v Oxford titr 
Kingsbury v BasddOTr: L oa thert wa d v 
Bracxnek: Lewes v Waaorr and Heraham; 
Leyton-WfngWB v Epsom and Eewtt 
Maktenhud United v Bflericay. Second 
tf yta te n north; BerWamstcd v Aveley: 
Oraftant v Barton Stanton v Vtoxhafl 
Motors; Cober Row vSetfron Walden: 
Haybndgs Swifts v Cbesham: Horn- 
Church v Hertford: Royston v Rainhsn: 
Tnng v Lracftworth Gc Ware v Hamel 
Hampstead. Second division south: 
ftrtstead v Ruelp Manor Camberiay v 
Malow; Charter: St FWbt v Whytaterfe; 
Eastbourne Untied v FeRham; Ftaekwel 
Heteh v Kungarftxd: MgaopoKan Poflce 
y HarelieW; Mole say v Horsham; 
Newbunf v Dortong. 

MULTniRT LEAGLE: Burton v Marine; 
Buxton v Barrow: Macclesfield v 
M wBtey: Oswestry v Mattock; WMon v 

Ch ariton (3-1S ): Reaisng v Britedpn RIB; 
Southampton rtanfin: Tmantian v 
Brirtoltoiere {2.0): Watford v West Ham. 
Newry; Ctftonvite v Crusadars; Cderaxie 
v Portadown: Disnilary v Carnek; 
Gtenavon v Ards: Gtentoran v Bahmena; 
Lama v UnfiekL 

division: Cambridge v Gillingham; 
Charlton v taswich; RAkur v Araanal; 
Milwall v Qiabea; Orient v Toosnham: 
PWOntouth v Watford; Southend v Nor- 
v neri; We st Ham v Queen's Park Rangers, 
second (Svtofpifc Bournemouth v Cd- 
chww: Brantford v OxtardL Britton v 
Northampton; Bristol Rovers v 
Southampton: Luton v Southend; Reed- 
mg V Swindon; Tottenham v Wimbtedoa 
First fMmfcQossop v Bomwash. 
Hist imnd replay: woooon v Morexm. 


lEASUE; cap: Hrat 

v v Boaham; 

Stxireham v saafcxd- Rrat dhteten: Bur- 
9“* HR y LitMefamploii; Essttxxime 
Toym v Haywards Heath; Lancing v 
ggy qpMwy and Tetecombe; MkJtnxst 
wd Easmtetarana v Anmdefc Three 
v Whte twwk v Wick. 

miw revision: Barostapio v Uskswd: 
Chard v Chippenham: MangotsfMd v 
Sartast Parewn v Weston-stfwr-Mare; 
Plymouth reserves v Ciendoum; 

* fit yw: Ta unton v Oawteh; 
Torrteg tan v MaOqtam. 

PhMtar dhrisfcjre Attngaon Town v 
Thame: Pegasus Juniors v Hounslow; 
Ray ne rs Lana v Fa rtom.- Sharpness v 

Mng S^rts: Ysta v Bicester. . * 

L^OUE ro w rtW afan. Accrington Stan- 
r ay I L V i_. L<> Bk v Bufsc °^ * Pwirlth: 

<yy«oii _y Ourzon Asfen; Eastwood 


Prawy re rtworr Benfley vw v Baft> 


^» >P c.^ aCt Collari<a * 
Thaddev . Affreton v O ndtrwuun. 

^SEXSecOR TROPHY: First rwmd ra- 
gU^ Cfac^ v Earn Thurrock; Purfleea v 


nrataw atoft: Bedfcwtan Tatriwi v North 
aj®**: » wfiktey Bay; Ryhope 

CA vS omh Bank; Tow Law v Hartiaxot 
Yfl^y V Bjndon. Second d WBq i te 
Alnawcfc v Waingtan; Evenwood v Dv- 
ham: Langle y Are w west Auckland; 
N oohai artaii v Esb; Wfnrtng Norton v 
Hordon c _w. Seaham Rad Star v 
Qtefflam Symtionia: Shotton Comradus 
v Oevetend Bndga On Hrat rorext 
ShHdon v Gurs borough: SttCktOfl V 
c roon. 

F * ™f H T r ** * catering wuwt Re- 


(a! RAF Uxbridge). unnwwy 


WISH LEAGUE: Liverpool v Salford 

Hatewwd Forren v H al o wnod Town La- 


NQRWi m WON Clft FHg Ryera v 
Dundee Rockets: Glasgow Eagles v ju, 

ftw Natongham^miBravTeifOfS 

"Rgera: Swideriand Chiefs v Ctevefand 

LEAGUE: Hrat revision: Lag 
valley Lions v Richmond Flyers; 


Hamel and 

chaster United. Second division: 

oWram Celtics v Team WatsatSwto- 
don Rakers v TF Group Oevetend 
Wraerc Hrat dMteora Women; Chamos 

Scottish premier efivision 

Aberdeen v Duxtee Utd 

Clydebank v Hamilton 

Dundee v Celtic 

Hearts v St Mrren 

Motherwell v Falkirk 

Rangers v Hbemian 

Scottish first division 

Airdrie v E Fife 

Clyde v Dunfermfine 

Forfar v Dumbarton 

Montrose v KEmamock 

Morton v Brechin 

Queen of Sth v Partick 

Scottish second divisfen 

Ayr v Stenhsmisr 


Pdlvcel Ktoqstan (2.0). 


vtoorc Boardman & Ecdos v OwacUe. 
Naaton Mersey <t Old Wacomans. OW 
Stopfordians v Mellor, Sale v Old 
K^friiagns. StockoortvAsWon. 
SOOTHEKH jEjSSuE: Rm t&vMoce 
HWcrop V Kenton. Purley v Buckhurst HR. 
Enrieldv London IWv. 


CANOBNG: Naborrel statom reiampton- 
Nilp- final event (at Holme PtempomL 
QOLgL ond on Amateur Foursomes (a 
fericstwe GC). Mkflends GoH Union v ! 
Corerties (at LltOe Aston). 

HOCKEY: Men’s WbrT 
Merc CM> metebas , 

Fana tem; B istiop's S — 
foitt Broxhoune v John Player; Graves- 
end v Tunbridge WeUs; Harlwton 
Ma»wsv Coicftesta: Havant v Mfddte- 
tqm Newbuiy v Beabigstaker. UEAv Nor- 
wich Unton. Womerc Comfy metdc 
■v Kent Ctab BMches: Hayes v 
’ v Chy of Oxford. 

WDTtaRAt^ttaverstone (1.0); Cas- 
jto Contoa ji jot Cadweti Park- (i JO): 
Donteglon Park (4.0). 

ROAErRUNMNO: Dwiop young athletes' 
roadi^^amponshlp (aSutton Parte. 
SuWnCotofield. 12^0). 

ROWING; Rea&ig Scdb. 


Berwick v Arbroath 

E Stiffing v Atoton 

Meadowbank v Alloa 

Queen's Park v Cowdenbeath 

Raith v Snt Johnstone 

Stranraer v Stirling 

Jttle Aston) 

n’s World Cup (WfBesdan). 
McbBS Bank of Emjtand v 
hop’s Stontord v Chete®- 




FM tewsterc Bnral^nd Oysai Palace 
London mjBPCC Rams Derby (4JJ): Ports- 

Ftentais 1 Rhondda (4.0). Wonsrc Fust <*- 
vtoorc Brunei and Crystal Pteace London 
v Typhoo Hatters Sh^fieW. 


BtmSH LEAGUE: Bkkenhead v 
77 pLOk EK -82 V Krrkby Select 
Leicester 73 v Ruelp Eagles 
Wolves poly ’ 83 v Great Dane 
VtokeWd Metros V SaBord (2.0), Midland 
Lraois: Leicester B v Wanwek Jg 
(iLAWoteartiampton St Peters v 
ford Olympics (lit). 


GQU^ .London Amateur Foursomes (a 


Horse of the Year 
- ' Arena). 

s . — . U . K Tennents Open, Pre«mi- 

T ^Sy^.l^te xy. Leicester, NewUn- 
Le^towSiVtor^tar and SeftonL 
SQUASH RACKETS: South of England 

open tournament (at Bngmon SRC), 

SWIMMING: HeW&acIrerd 'team 

southern hews (at GUWI 

TQM&Retage national. c ha m p to nc htoS 

TABU TENNK: Sbga Nati on al Top 12 

Ttemmjte scham Bpgtte cm 


V Bradford Mytfi breakers 
Scottish League: Mere Find (Mates: 


SS2 1 SSVl Dv ^ 1 - Wto« Rrst df- 
C»Moe V Rnmes Sport f: Team 
So® 1 , * aasgow Btiftnet m a n. 

Larben Ladies v Paisley Ladies; Provm- 
oal I reurance v Trinity; IMutbwn Centre v 



HOCKEY: Men's World Cup 


ICE HOCKEY: Norwich Union 
Brutes V MurrayWd Racers 

oos V L« Vajtey Uxis: Strwrtham Red- 
skins V Nonlngham Panthers; 
Peterborough Pirates v Sunderland 
Chefs. Hemeken League: Hrat division: 
Bownemouth Stags v Sough Jets; Reft- 

MOTOR RACING: Brands Hatch (2JJ) 
Donin gton Park (10.30); Ingliston 

ROWING: Maidstone Scullers Head 
Resina Fours. 

SNOOKER: Tennents UK Open 
ehampionshto. Preilmmary Rounds (at 
Bury. Leicester. Newtor>-Le -Willows, 
Worcester and Setton. 

SQUASH RACKETg South Of En^and 

Open Tourionein 


TBiM& Stiga National Top 12 

Tournament [5oham Sports Centra, 

TEMUSrRefugs national champlonshtas 

VOLLEYBALL: Royal Bate: of Scotfand 
National Leag oe KWs first 
Malory Croton LC v Pcflonla ajaouSe^. 
^^e (Staffs) v Capital Chy (S3); Spark 
Crook Log v Liverpool Chy (l-Oli Speed- 
well Rucanor v OBC Poole (3.0). 
Women’s first dtvMon: Portsmouth 
HeatsBai v Bradford Mythbreakars « soy 
Soithgaa TC v Arsenal (11.30); Spark v 


Continued from facing page 


Sportsoane. 840-11^0 RtouTha 
ftirsult of D B Cooper :. (starring TTOat 
Wteems). 11 JO-l2j»ihe Horaeof 

tin Year Show. NORTHSM fitBJMO 

ASMiRpa Northern Ireland Re- 
sults &1M20 News. 1Z50-1Z55am 
Northern Maid News. BWIAND 

&.1S-S.20pro London -Sport South- 
West -Spotfigfs Sport and News. AS 
other EngSsh regions - Regional News 

11 JO-taao Terrahawks lZ30ni 
Lloyd Cote and the Commot io n s 1J0 


_ omfc HjOOsm-IZOO 

trev 12J0m LateSfli 1Z3S Sotoy 
Maclean at75 12A0 Closedown. 
‘TYC As London except 11 JOam 
— FaMtece 1lis%tooih> Wood- 
peckar 1 U0-1240 Terrtewwks 
liMra Uoyd Cote 1 30 Company. 

American Hero l2A0ten Closedown. 

HTV WEST A5UyK3on «*- 

--- ■ ■ .rr cape iunm. « rw 

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Comedy Tonight 1? YO mn Closedown. 
Tl/C As London exoapt 92 Sm 
C artoon A25-10UOO Smurfs 
140pm Survival 140-240 Farm Fo- 
cus 230 Shecktaton ... End of An Era 
540 Chips 545-040 BuBseye 
1220am Company. Closedown. 


945-1000 Border Otoy 140pm 
Fanning OuSook 130-230 Sirwviti 2JO- 
340 Love Boei &00 FaB Guy 640> 

640 Buflseye 1240me Closedown. . . 

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Mouse 940-1040 Robostcvy 140pm 
340 A CteAbove 540 Me and My, 
GW540 Who’s the Boss? B4M4S ;• 
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240 waiw on Sundayr^^^ ' 

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■ t Crusades 4^6 7 Dm* 

5.15 The Bustness Pramnsna 040 
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1240 Closedown. 


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Weekend television and radio programmes 
Edited by Peter Clear and Peter Davalle 




= • X . 

■ Bsesu 

- astronomer. 

1^15 QramiaiSSffixiucedby 
Stove Rider. The line up is: 


Bob Wilson: 

» ■ 

from Sflverstone: the 
r?Jf££ aclr * Drivere’ 

J-S® JJmwandweatner. 

1W SS!S? rK,continu « 

- JJ™? Cydjng: the Nissan 

O^ic from 
Ireland; 155, 245 , 155 

■ gaga sg^ 


3-50 Half-times; 4JB0 Show 

»he Horse of the 
J^Stowtrom WemWey; 

• ^40 Final Score. 

S-05 News and weathar 5.15 
c Sport/fiogional news. 

540 Roland Rat -The Series. 

- The guests include Ross 
Davidson, John Chaflte, 
end Nik Kerahaw. 

SAS Doctor Who. Part six of 
the 14-epteode adventure, 
The.Trial ot a Time Lord. 

5.10 The Noel Edmonds Late 
Late Breakfast Show 

mckjdes an Intrepid WMriy 


7.00 Every Second Ceonts. 
Comedy quiz show 


Comedy sketches and 

■ musks. With guests, Les 

- Dennis, Bella Emberg and 
. „ Jfeatfe] Moone. (Ceetax) 
845 Casualty. This week, the 

night shift of the 
emergency ward of a dty 
hospital, have as patients 
i. a law student who refuses 

F to bafieve he has had an 
epileptic fit; and a 

6-55 ly™ frrtrofuced ; 

Hicham Kaw uvoo 

tafteh off her bicycle. 


855 News and sport. With Jan 
teeming. Weather. 

MO PBnuTne Pursuit of 

OL&Cooper (1981) starring 
Treat Williams and Robert 
DuvalL The story of what 
might have happen ad to 
the real-life hijacker who 
parachuted from an 
airliner with $ 200,000 and . 
disappeared. In this 
version ha is hunted by an 
insurance agent and a 
former Green Beret. 

Spottlswoode. (Ceetax) 
1050 Horse of the Year Show 
from Wembley Arena, 
featuring the Everest 
Double Glazing Grand 

_ 1250 The Rockford FUes. A hlt- 
k man is released after a 
murder trial jury find hjm 
not guilty and he goes in 
search of Jim and Angel. 

1250 Weather. 


■‘W guests include pop 

Sft>up Morris and the 
Minors, and Scarlet 

945 No 73. Fun and games end 
music for the young 1150 


and Jimmy reflect in the 
week s football news and 

Pravtew this afternoon's 

Pregramme of games 

bouts from The Floral Hafl, 


heavDy sedated woman 
frem a lake and then helps 
her discover her true 

identity and her (inks with 

Senator with a criminal 
background. 2.15 The 

Cuckoo Waltz. Comedy 
senes starring Diana 

Keen, (r) 

2-45 International Darts. The 
MF| World Matchplay 
Championship from the 
a ak S BSti ^HaH,Bas«don. 

5 - M “ockbueters presented 
_ „ by Bob Hotness. 

555 The A-Teom. On the 
understanding that they 
are to earn their freedom, 
the redoubtable quartet 

840 BOnd (tote. A lighthearted 
took at what happens on a 
Wind date. Presented by 
Cnia Black. 

7.15 Saturday Gang. The first 
of a new series of comedy 
sketches and songs 
starring Gary WRmoL Hale 
and Pace, and Kate 

7.45 3-2-1. Game show 

presented by Ted Rogers. 
The guests are Helen 
Shapiro, the Chevalier 
Brothers, Stutz Bear Cats. 

<UsSSS,^ PiPe r <0,ade) 

9.00 Dempsey and 

Makepeace. The Si 10 
agents are called in alter a 
murderer, knicknamedthe 
'thriller killer" by the 
popular press, holds a 
woman in her home and 
sands the police a tape 
recording of their 
conversation. (Oracle) 

10.00 LWT News headlines 

followed by FHm: The Bad 
Seed (1 982) starring Blair 
Brown and Lynn 
Redgrave. A made-for- 
televlston thriller about a 
mother who pointedly 
ignores her daughters 
reactions to the deaths of 
people around her. 

Directed by Paul 

1 11.45 Intern a tional Darts. The 
semi-finals of the MF1 
World Matchplay 

12.40 Special Squad. The police 
are on the trafl of a drog 
• dealing 'Mr Kg' 

140 Bfiss in Concert. The rock 


Bette Davfc and Herbert Marshall in The letter (BBC2, 455pm), 
the second of today’s two Bette Davis films on BBC2 

950 Ceetax. 1.05 Open 
University: Spotting the 
View. 140 Ceetax. 

150 Hb» The Old Maid* (1939) 
starring Bette Davis, 

Miriam Hopkins, and 
George Brent Nineteenth 
century drama about two 
cousins, Charlotte and 
DeRa Lovell, who are at 
odds over the former’s 
illegitimate child. The chSd 
grows up to regard his 
mother as a maiden aunt 
Directed by Edmund Golding 

340 Laramie. Western 
adventures, (r) 

445 FOm: The Letter* (1940) 
starring Bette Davts. 

Drama, based on the ■ 
Somerset Maugham 
novel, set in Singapore, 
about a woman who kills a 
man she says. was 
attacking her. Directed by 

5-40 World etnas Report 

840 The Secret Lite of 
Paintings. Lady 
Wedgwood explores the 
hidden meanings in Paolo 
Uccekfo's St George and 
the Dragon. 

740 News view with Jan 

Learning and Moira Stuart 

7 A0 Saturday Review includes 
a review of the New 
Architecture exhibition at 
the Royal Academy; and a 
report on how Britain's 
smaH publishers fared at 
the Frankfurt Book Fair. 

840 One Wage in China. This 
third and final film In the 
series expkxteg Of e in a 
remote Chinese village 
focuses on the work of the 
local doctor 

9.10 IntheMUerMood 
presented by Anne 
Shelton. The USAFE 
Ambassadors' Band with 
three soloists from the 
original Miller Orchestra In 
concert M 

1040 Filin: Handgun (1983) 
starring Karen Young and 
Clayton Day. Semi- 
documentary drama about 
a young teacher who 
resorts to firearms after 
she Is raped at gunpoint 
and the church and the 
law are unable to offer 
help. Directed by Tony 

11.40 FHm: The Sound of Fury* 
(1951) starring Frank 
Lovejoy and Lloyd 
Bridges. An unemployed 
man with a wife and family 
is reluctantly drawn into 
crime which escalates to 

9 kidnapping and murder. 
Directed tiyCyEndfietd. 

Ends at 140. 

1.15 Channel 4 Racing from 
York. The 140, 150, 240 
and 250 races. 

340 Fflnt Angels Waah Their 
Faoea* (1938) starring 
Ranald Reagan, Ann 
Sheridan, and The Dead 
End Kids. A sister protects 
her wayward brother by 
moving to a new^ 

4.40 FarcLaPefogrirnga* 

D 961) A fable about a 
countess who is made to 
keep her vow of a 
pilgrimage to Chartres. 
Directed by Jean L'Hote. 

545 Brookaide. (rXOrade) 

640 Right To Reply. Alex 
Graham, editor of Diverse 
Report's Farm Prices, 
Farm Crisis, defends 

FREQUENCIES; Radio 1:1 053kHz/285m:1 089kHz/275m; Radio 2: 693kHz/433m;.909kHz/330m; Radio 3: 1215kHz/247m:VHF-90- 
92.5: Radio 4: 200kHz/15D0m: VHF-92-95; LBC*.1152kHz/261m: VHF 97.3; Capital: 1548kHz/194nr VHF95.8; BBC Radio London: 
1458kHz/206m: VHF 94.9; Wodd Service: MF 648kHz/463m. 

Radio 4 

On long wave, (s) Stereo on VHF 
555 shipping. 640 News Briefing: 

Weather. 6.10 Prelude (s) 
640 News; FarmlnaToday 
650 Prayer. 655 
Weather; Travel 
7.00 News. 7.10 Today s 
Papers. 7.15 On Your 
Farm. 7.45 fn Perspective, 
with Gerald Priaanand. 

750 Down to Earth 

1140 The WSkwi Pound Radio 

1240 News; Weather. 1243 

VHF (available in England and 
S Wales only) as above 

Weather TraveL 155- 
2.00pm Progr a mme News. 
440-6.00 Options: 440 
Rambles in Ireland 440 
Brainwaves 540 Locafly 
Speakmg 540 Par AquL 

Nos 4 and 5 


Radio 3 


mrm * M 

1247 R ado Active (new 

series). A Thoddtog By- 
EteCttan Special (s). 1255 
140 News 

1.10 Any Questional With 
Douglas Hurd MP. John 
Prescott MP. Dick Taveme 
OC. and Dr Elizabeth 
Cottrell. From Femdown. 
Dorset in the chain John 
Timpson. 155 Shipping 
240 News; The Afternoon 
Play. Expeditions, by Lee 

gaf l 




1042pm (plus Horse of the Year 
•Show at 11.02pm) 

440am David Yaman 640 
Steve Truetove 845 David Jacobs 
1040 Sounds ot the 60s 11.00 
Afoum Time (Peter Clayton) 140pm 
The Good Human Guide. With 
the National Revue Company 140 
Sport on 2. Indudes Football, 
Raring from Ascot Rugby Union: 
(England XV v Japan), Hockey 
(Sixth World Cup), Tennis (Refuge 
Assurance Championship). 540 
Sports Classified football results 
640 Brain of Sport 1986. A 
battle between Brian Wheeler. 
Andrew Young and Peter White 
640 The Press Gang. News quiz 
740 Three in a Row. Quiz, from 
Ciltharoe, Lancashire. With Stuart 
Hafl 740 Echoes of Vienna. 

With siners Shefla Armstrong. 


• r * !i 

Suite No 2) 

Lpj,,T,ii,l l.W 

>1 ill’ll 

’S p r rm . 


Radio 2 

MFjmwSum wave). Stereo on 
VHF (sea Radiol) 

News on the hour umfl 140pm 
then 34. 64. 74 and hourly from 
1040. Sports Desks 114am, 

John Wake and the No Brakes 
Band. VHF Stereo Radios 1.4 
2> 440am As Radio 2. 140pm As 
Racfio 1. 740-440am AS R8(So 2. 


540 TheUvt 

Jeremy Cherta. 

545 Week Endmg. Sabrteal 
sketches based on 

week's news. 550 Shipping. 

555 Weather Travel 
640 News; Sports Round-up 
645 Sop the Week with 
Robert Robinson. 

Includes a song from Jeremy 

Nicholas. _ 

740 Saturday-Nigh* Theatre. 
Never Come Beck, by 
John Mair (dramatized by 
intrigue and murder. With 


11.00 Science Now. Presented 
by Peter Evans. 

855 Ptey School. 9.15Artida> 
of Faith. Rediscovering 
reOqlpus belief 940 Tfi is 
the Day. A simple religious 
service from a viewers 
: home on the Blackbird 
Lays estate, Oxford. 

1040 Awn Magazine. In 

. celebration of the 21 st 
anniversary of the first 
programme for Aslan 
viewers on the BBC, a 
completion of dips from 
past programmes 1040 
TaQting Business. A new 
series for businessmen 
whose second language is 
English 1055 Buongtomo 
ftafial Lesson one of a 
beginner's Italian 
conversation course, (r) 

1140 France Actuatte- This first 
of five films on modem 
France features Grenoble, 
(r) 11.45 Talejoe ma L The 
news in French, (r) 12.10 
See Head A magazine 
programme for me 

1245 and 

interviews from the NFU 

Marketing Awards 
ceremony 1258 Weather. 

140 TWa Week Next Weak 
includes a report from - 
summit and guests, 
George Younger. Shirley 
WBftuns, andDenzB 
Davies. 240 Ea^ndere. 

made by author Marian 
' Srtoard against the 

640 The Great Australian Boat 
Race. Tha latest news of 
the America's Cup 
preliminary races. 

7.00 News summary and 
weather foAowed by 7 
Days. A discussion on the 
importance of celibacy in 
the priesthood. Among 
those taking part is 
Elizabeth Anscombe, 
Professor of Philosophy at 
Can bridge University. 

740 Strangers Abroad, live 
first of a new six-part 
documentary senes 
retracing the steps of six 
celebrated anthropogists. 
beginning with Sir Walter 
Baldwin Spencer and his . 
work with vie Australian 

840 Redbrick. Part two of the 
1 2-programme series 
charting a year in the fife 
of the students and staff of 
Newcastle University. 

940 Par&cfise Postponed. 
Episode four and Fred is a 
shown a surprising slice of 
village life by the 
gamekeeper. Ted Nowl 
(G rade) (r) 

1040 HHI Street Blues. Who will , 
be Chief Daniels' 
successor if he is elected 
mayor? (Oracle) 

1140 Saturday Almost Live. 
Alternative comedy show 
presented by Peter Cook. 

areFranch andJjiuinders. ■ 

1240 Ftlm: The Ministry of 

Feat* (1944) storing Ray 

■ Mifland. Second World 
War spy drama, based on 
the Graham Greene novel. 
Directed by Fritz Lang. 

Ends at 145. 

Jurgens. Second World 
War drama about the 
battle of wits in the South 
■ Atlantic between a U5. 
Navy destroyer and a 
German U-boat Directed 
by Dick Powell 

445 The Horse of the Year 
Show. Highlights of the 
week's events. 

540 The Royal Route. A report 
from Sue Uvriey who has 
been travelling tee route 
the Queen win take on her 
six-day visit to China. 

550 Pet Watch. The last 
programme of the series 
Includes a report from the 
Leeds POSA. 

640 Save a Life. A new series 
of advice on emergency 
first aid, presented by Dr 
Alan Maryon Davis. 

640 News with Jan Leeming. 

640 Songs of Praise from AH 
Saints Church, Edmonton, 
north London. (Ceetax) 

7.15 Twenty Yean of the Two 
Roravtes. HighBghts from 
the partnership including 
their first meeting on 
screen in The Frost 
Report (Ceetax) 

840 Howards' Way. Episode 
seven of the drama serial 
set among the seafaring 
folk of the south coast 

850 News with Jan Leeming. 

945 Sunday Premiere : The 
Good Doctor Bodkin 
Adams, by Richard 
Gordon. Timothy West 
stars in the title rote, that 
of an Eastbourne doctor 
who, in 1956, was accused 
of murdering elderly 
female patients for 
pecuniary gain. (Ceetax) 
1040 Everyman: JBibd - 

Afghanistan's Holy War. 

A new series begins with a : 
documentary about 
Afghanistan at war. 
concentrating on a group 
of Mujahideen fighters 
based in Kandahar. 

11.15 Discovering Animats. The 
mammals of Britain, (r) 
1140 The Sky at Night Patrick 
Moore discusses tea 
autumn skies. 

1245 Weather. 

Radio 4 

Weather; Travel 

on behalf ofthe 
Weather; Travel 

940 News. 9.10 Suvday 

9.15 Letter from America, by 
Aflatafr Cooke. 

940 Morning Service from tf 
Paris Church of St 
Saviour, Guildford (s) 

10.15 The Archers. Omnibus 

11.15 Pick of the week. 

|jTy fy.Ti, 

j . i . 1 | , 1 Virtt 

m.\ i \ j, i MM 

r. v • ~ 

Contributors include 
BSfie Whitaiaw, Richard 
Baker. Brian Hayes (r) 

5.00 News; Travel 

550 Down Your Way. Brian 
Johnsfaxi visits 
Shaftesbury, Dorset 550 
Shipping. 556 Weather. 

6-00 News 

6.15 Weekend Woman's 
Hour. Highfighta 
presented by Sarty FeMmaa 

7.00 French Leave. AJroBc by 
ShMey Cookfan. Based 
on a-stnry by Guy de 
Maupassant With Patsy 
Rowlands (s) 

7.45 Phflomel. Portrait of the 
nightingale. Narrated by 
Andrew Sachs, fteadngs by 
Barry Paine. 

640 Bookshelf (new series). 
Susan Hit is the 

aScfCBBCI, 735pm. Aad Bnaa Kessei BBCl, £45pm I Regional TV: onjadngpage 

840 Museum Choice. 

Kenneth Hudson and 
ecaress Sub Johnston tour 
the Liverpool Maritime 

940 News: Father Brown 
Stories dramatized by 
John Scotney with Andrew 
Sachs as Father Brown. 

655 TV-em begins with Sunday 
Comment; 7.00 Are You 
Awake Yet?; 745 The 
Wide Awake Club. 

850 David Frost on Sunday. 
News with Kay Burtey; 
Derek Jameson and John 
WeBs review the Sunday 

newspapers; and David 

Frost talks to guest Uri 
G slier. There is also a live 
report from ReyfcjavSt 


945 Wake Up London. The . 
Vicious Boys try BMX 
Wring 945 Roger RangeL 
Cartoons, (r) 9.45 Porky 
Pig. Cartoons, (r). 

10.00 Monsog Worship from St 
Hugh's Catholic Church at 
Buckden Palace, 
Cambridgeshire 1140 
Link. Julia Finlay, a 
member of Graeae, the 
professional theatre 
company (or disabled 
actors, talks about the 
place disabled people are 
struggling to find within 
the performing arts. 
(Oracle) 1140 Working lor 
a Better Life. Philip 
, Whitehead talks to 
■ Edward Heath, (r) 

1240 Weekend World. The 
Reykjavik mini-summit - 
will it break the ice 
between the super 
powers? 140 Police Five. 
1.15 European Folk Talas. 
Tha Mermaid and the 
Beachcomber. 140 The 
Smurfs, (r) 

240 The Human Factor Where 
Do I Belong? Jill Cochrane 
visits two Sikh families in 

240 LWT News headlines 
foflowed by Hart to Hart 
The two love-bird 
Investigators explain how 

Radio 3 

Id guerrilla hands: a scene from MB Hannon's film Jihad - 
Afghanistan's Holy War (BBC1, 1040pm) 

340 Inte rna ti on al Darts. The 
final of the MFl World 
Matchplay Championship. 

440 The Campbells. A 

■ Captain Sims to a gun 

540 BuOsey e. Darts and 

general knowledge game. 

540 Sunday Sunday. Gloria 
HunnHord's guests are 
Walter Matthau, Michael 
York, Frank Carson and 
Lord Lichfeld. The guest 
critics are Joanna Motto 
and Kenneth WiHiams. 

640 News with Anne Leuchars. 

6.40 ttighway. Sir Harry 

Secombe visits Land's End- 

7.15 Chad’s nay. Mefvyn Hays i 
and Jane Rossington try 
to decipher children's 
descriptions of everyday 

7.45 Live from the PiccadRy 
Introduced by Jimmy 
Tarbuck. Among the 
guests are Bonny Tyler 
and Robert Goulet 

445 News. 

940 Inside Stray. Drama serial 
about the struggle for 
control of a Fleet Street 
Sunday newspaper. 

1040 Spitting image. Satire 
mouthed by cruel latex 

1040 The South Bank Show 
presented by Mehryn 
Bragg. The celebrated 
vtotoifet Itzhak Pertman, 
filmed at his New York 
home, takes about Ids 
career and the 
development of his style 
of playing. 

1140 LWT Nows headlines 
followed by End of 
Empire. Part two of the 
senes on the dedtee of 
the British Empire, (r) 

1245 Cafifbrma Highways. A 
journey in the West Coast 
of the United States. 

1255 fight Thoughts. 

(2) The Arrow of Heaven (s) 
940 Law in Action. Presented 
by Joshua Rozenberg. 

955 Weather; Travel 

1Q4Q News 

10.15 You the Jury. The week s 
motion is: The Church 
Must Adapt or Die. With the 
Rev Nicholas Stacey, 
and the Very Rev Brandon 

1140 The Letter that Kffls. Sue 
Talbot explores the guflt ■ 

9-00 Ceetax. 

140 No Limits includes a visit 
to the Thames Barrier, (r) 

240 Rugby SpedaL Highlights 
of yesterday’s game at 
Twickenham between an 
England XV and Japan. 

3.00 Him: La vafee da Paris* 
(1949) starring Piene 

Fresnay and Yvonne 
Prints mps. Musical 
romance about composer 
Jacques Offenbach and 
his favourite singer. 
Hortense Schneider. 
Directed by Marcel Achard. 

445 The Lion and the Dragon. 
The second programme in 
the series on the British in 
China between the Wars. 
Missionaries recall life in 
the villages; and mariners 
remember the Yangtze 
flotilla, (r) 

5-20 The Great Great TTt 
Watch. Highlights of the 
series that fotowed the 
efforts of a pair of great 
tits as they struggled to 
rear ten chicks in a Bristol 
garden, (ri 

5-40 Music In Camera. This 
second programme of the 
series Is a tribute to the 
medieval music expert, 
David Munrow. by the New 
London Consort directed 
by a former pupil of 
Mud row's, Philip Pickett 

640 The Money Programme 
Includes a report on tee 
tears of Britain’s dairy 

7.15 Did You See~? presented 
by Ludovfc Kennedy. A 
new series begins with 
comment on Behind the 
Bamboo Screen, Paradise 
Postponed, and Songs of 
Praise. With CoHn 
MacCabe of the BR; Beryl 
Bainbridge; and Michael 
Saward. vicar of Ealing. 

8.00 The Natural World: Where 
. the Parrots Speak 
Mandarin. A documentary 
exploring the Chinese 
attitude to animals. 

850 Grand Prix Special. The 
start of the Mexican Grand 
Prix, the race that could 
make Britain's Nigel 
Mansell world champion, 
(continues at 950) 

340 Lovetaw. The second of 
seven films about the tove- 
Hves of people around the 
world examines. (Ceetax) 

950 Grand Prix SpectaL Live 
coverage of the closing 
laps of the Mexican Grand 

1040 approximately Fibn: - 
Cutter's Way (1981) 
starring Jeff Bridges and 
John Heard. Thriller about 
a crippled Vietnam War 
victim who tries to 
blackmail an oil tycoon 
after seeing him dispose 
the body of a young 
woman. Directed by Ivan 
Passer *" * 

1245 approximately Grand Prix 
SpedaL Highlights of the 
Mexican Grand Prix. Ends 
at 1245. 

Frank Shoulder 
440 Borodin and Dvorak: 

Albemi String Quartet, 
with Gordon Back (piano). 
Borodin (Unfinrahea trio 
for two violins, ceto, and Trio 
on theme of Russian 
song), Dvorak (Piano Quintet 

5l30 The Harlequin Years: 

Roger Nichols on Paris 
musical life 1927-8 (r) 

6.15 Haydm Carrtetii conducts 
Symphony No 93 
6.45 Liszt and the Piano: 

Hamlsb Milne days 

i|Si 9 


, with Faye 
Robinson (soprano), 
Anthony Rolfe-Johnson 
one. Britten 

Sinfonia da Requiem), Our 

B40 Postiy Now. presented 

oUand. The poets indude 
Fergus Chadwick. Glyn 
Hughes and John Sewefl 
840 Britten/T ppett (contd); 

Tippett (Symphony No 3) 
945 Metaphors or Mallets: 

Peter Meiiors presents 
an anthology of writings 
about South Africa 
1045 French Music for piano 
and wind: David Johns 
(piano), Richard Adeney, Nefl 
Black. Thea King, William 
Waterhouse. Samt-Saens 
(Caprice on Danish and 
Russian airs ), Poulenc (Trio 
tar oboe, bassoon, 

C »), Berkeley (Piece (or 
.darinet, bassoon), 
Magnard (Quintet) 

1140 Slvius Leopold Weiss: 

‘ Nigel North (baroque 
lute)ptays Sonata in E flat 

1157 News. 1240 Closedown. 


Und (soprano 

o T . iT^Tv 

Mendelssohn (Midsummer 
Nghfs Dream inddBfltal 

445 In Our Society: Tom 
Lubbock presents 
another talk by the 


1240 Major League Baaebafl. 

Highlights of the matches 
between tha Boston 
Redsox and the California 
Angels; and the Houston 
Astros versus the New 
York Mels. 

240 Everybody Here. The final 
programme of the 
multicultural series for 
children, (r) 

240 Fflrn: They Got Me 

Covered" (1943) starring 

Bob Hope. Dorothy 
Lamour, and Otto 
Preminger. Spy spoof with 

InSmfwten^ foreign 
correspondent who, after 
he is fired from his 
Moscow post, returns to 
Washington and 
unwittingly uncovers an 
Axis spy ring. Directed by 
David Butler. 

4.15 The Iceland Summit 
presented by Trevor 
McDonald. Reports from 
Iceland, Washington and 
Moscow on the mini- 
summit meeting in 


The Sir Pel 

445 The Sir Peter Scott 
Lecture. The Prime 
Minister of Norway and a 
leading figure in the 
controversy over add rain, 
Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, 
addresses tee audience 
on the opening day of the 
Third International Worth 
Wildlife Rim and 
Television Festival. 

5.15 News summary and 
weather followed by The 
Business Programme, lain 
Carson talks to Austin 
Rover chief, Graham Day: 
and the chairman of TSB, 
Sir John Read, explains 
what he is going to with 
the money raised by the 
bank's flotation. 

640 American FootbalL Miami 
Dolphins at the New 
England Patriots. 

7.15 Chasing Rainbows - A 
Nation and Its Music. Part 
five of Jeremy Marre's 
series examining popular 
music and entertainment 
in England. 

8.15 Fish Out of Water. On the 
shores of Loch Fvne, 
Argyll, Jimmy Reid meets 
AlastairSindair, a 
successful fish supplier 
who began his days as a 

9.15 Baryshnikov toy Tharp 
with American BaHet 
Theatre. A repeat of the 
- - p rogramme that combined 
the talents of ballet star, 
Mikhafl Baryshnikov, arid 
choreographer, Twyla 

1040 FHnt: Wutherfng Heights* 
(1939) starring Laurence 
Olivier, Merle Oberon, 
David Niven and Flora 
Robson. The dasslc 
version of EmHy Bronte’s 
novel of doomed love on 
the Yorkshire moors in the 
early 1800s. Directed by 
William Wyler. Ends 12.15. 

Radio 2 

MF (medium wave). Stereo on 
VHF (see Radiol) 

News on the hour (except 
840pm). Headlines 740am. Sports 
Desks 1242pm, 642 and 

440am David Yamall 640 
Steve Tmekwe 740 Roger Royle 
says Good Morning Sundav 

Concert Orchestra, and Richard 
Baker 1140 Teddy Johnson 
240pm Benny Green 340 Alan 
DeU 440 Moira Anderson Sings 
440 You Can Sing the Next 
Song (world's best songs) 540 
Chartie Chester with Sunday 
Soapbox (tel: 061-228 1884) 7.00 
It's A Funny Business. Percy 
Edwards looks back 740 Come to 
the BaUet (new series) with 
Cormac Rigby 840 Sunday Half- 
Hour (from St Peter’s Church. 
Ruthin, North Wales) 940 Your 
Hundred Best Tunes. With Alan 
Keith 1045 Songs from the Shows 
104S Keith Swallow at the 
Piano 1140 Sounds of Jazz (Petra 

A Little Night Music. 

Radio 1 

MF (medium wave). Stereo on 
VHF (see below) 

News on the half-hour until 
1140am, then 240pm, 340, 440, 
740, 940, 1240 mfiwbht 
640am Mark Page 840 Petra 
Powell moo Mike Read 1240pm 
Jimmy Savfle's “Old Record 
Ciub’^frecords from 1984, 78 and 
72)240 Vintage American 
Banstand. Tha Band, recorded 
during their tour of the US 340 
Radiol More Time 440 
ChartbustersfBruno Brookes) 

540 Top 40 (Bruno Brookes) 740 
ThB Anne Nightingale Request 
Show 940 11.00-1250 The Rankin' 
Miss P with Culture Rock. VHF 
Stereo Ratios 1 & 2: 440am As 
Racfio 2. 540pm As Ratfio 1. 
1240440am As Radio 2. 


§ Sg jg| 


Francesca Annis: Inside Story, 
ob ITV, 940pm 

Regional TV: on facing page 

iSisn xicgx nuag a 


First published hi 1785 



Claesen likes the 

English game best 



*■*.. fy*f 

Nico Claesen spoke of his 
admiration for English foot- 
ball as he prepared to make his 
Tottenham debut against 
Liverpool at AnfieJd today. 
The 24-year-old Belgian, a 
welcome recruit to the domes- 
tic game alter the exodus of 
home-grown talent to the 
Continent said; “For me the 

when I saw English football on 
television in Belgium." 

Claesen, a fast and skilful 
goalscorer who made a big 
impact during Belgium's run 
to the World Cup semi-finals, 
believes he mil have no 
problems adapting to the de- 
mands of the Football League. 
He said: “I chose Tottenham 

on guard 

English league is the best for because they have a controlled 

*■ .1— .11 thrift nikink T Kin Thorn nlaii 

football. style which I like. They play 

“I am sure Ian Rush is only the ball on the ground- noddle 

going to Italy because of the 
money they can pay. I feel he 
to believes that the English 
league is the best. It is very 

the ball on the ground- Hodcfle 
is a very intelligent player and 
so is Ardiles. 

“They .will know I do not 
like the ball high in .the air. 

By Hugh Taylor 
The players of Rangers and 
Hibernian will be on their best 
behaviour at flaox this after- 
noon as die premier division 
eaters the second phase of the 
44-match programme. 

Memories of the severe 
punishment meted oat follow- 
ing the incidents in the tarln- 
lent match at Easter Road on 
die opening day of die season 
still sting and die teams are 
aider no Hinsons about the 
type of action the SFA would 
take if trouble flared again. 

ivwuw .. — — — ■ — rr- — — — - cute u trouine uarea 

exciting to be playing for one They can also give the ball d*™- ossfetant 

CrtnlirVi tftnm nihaM t vMAVIA fnni/O rtf . . ^ Wl - 

great English team against 
another. Spurs and Liverpool 
were the two teams I liked 

quickly when I move forward 
mom midfield, which 1 like to 


Broome Park Canterbury 

Broome Park was once the borne of Lord Kitchner, and was built 
m 1635/8. The Mansion Home is a Grade 1 listed building and is 
a fine example of C^rotean architecture: A once only payment 

pionship golf course, tennis courts, platform tennis, croquet and 

putting greens, snooker, squash courts, horse riding, swrmming. 
children s adventure playground. excellent restaurants and bats 

children s adventure playground, excellent restaurants and bare 
and much more. 

Thousands of satisfied families have made Broome Park. 
Britain's premier golfing lime-share and we fully expect to be sold 
out this year. The last remaining, weeks are now available ai 
HALF PRICE. For example. April (inc. Easter) Oct List Price 
£4.950. Clearance Price £2/f75 plus VAT. New Year List Price 
£3.500. Clearance Price £1.758 plus VAT. Early Sept List Price 
£5.950. Oeanmce Price £2^75 plus VAT. Low Season weeks stiB 
remain front £650 pin VAT. 

Don't forget you can exchange your weeks for holidays at our 
aster developments ai Aloha. Mattel b. Peril na. Algarve and 
Quinta da Marinin. Cascais or at many of the hundreds of resorts 
worldwide affiliated to Interval International. 

Phone us now on (0227) 831701 and bring your family down this 

weekend to see bow you could be spending your future holidays, 
or borrow our video (VHS/Bela) and see all our resorts in the 

or borrow our video (VHS/Bela) and see all our resorts 
comfort of your own home. (£9.95 deposit). 


Your own luxurious 2 bedroom viDa featuring panoramic views 
of Aloha's famous fairways and the Mediterranean. Only minutes 

said yesterday: “Neither of is 
can afford to become involved 
in a continuation of a fend and 
basically Rangers and Hibs 
are sides who try to play good 
football and pot the emphasis 
on skilL” 

Although Rangers have 
problems smToandrag the fit- 
ness of Fraser and. Dnrraat, 
Souaess is expected to start 
and when the pbyer/manager 
assumes control his colleagues 
fit more comfortably into Scot- 
tish football's most fashion- 
able pattern. 

Hite, too, have regained 
style and a Rangers defence 
win find McBride a hot hand- 
ful, but they have been dis- 
mayed by defensive fraflity 
and they will have to show vast 
im pro v ement if they ‘miwui 
curbing Cooper, the Rangers 
winger who is in rampant 

There is competition for the 
title of match of the day from 
the north where Dnndee 
United, the League leaders 
who remain unbeaten, visit a 
rather forlorn Pfttodrie, for 
Aberdeen are in disarray, 
seven points behind United 
and without a win from their 
last four games. 



By FaolMartm 

The big three Prosti Mansell and Piquet, the men with a title in mind as they go into Sunday's Mexican Grand Prix 

Rough and bumpy for Mansell 

Bobby Windsor yesterday, 
admitted that he and other 
British lions players secretly 
accepted money on two inter. 

national tools in the seventies, 

aad challenged the rugby 
authorities to take dbdpiinuj 

The 38-yeai*oM Wdsh 
hooker spoke in sspport of 
Colin Meads, who ia Tie 
Times yesterday adcnowV 
edged that Us rebel New 
Zealand foarists in South 
Africa this year had received 
“generous donations" ia cash 
and kind. 

Windsor admitted that be- 
sides taking money on the 
1974 lions tour to Soadk 
Africa and the 1977 visit fo- 
New Zealand, he was Im- 
plicated in the boots-ma ng y 
scandal in Britain daring Is 
career for Wales spanning 28: 
internationals. He said bend 1 
warned the Welsh Rugby 
Union in a letter that if they 
banned him he would “Mew 
the gaff on them too”. He 
added: “That still applies.* 

From John Bhmsden, Mexico City 

when (he villas axe sold and proceeds distributed proportionately 
amongst the dub mem ber s. Club me mbe rship is also available at 
the world famous PENINA GOLF ESTATE on tbe Portuguese 
Algarve. Wc recommend you consider these offers today since ' 
very few memberships remain. Join our dub for as little as £3.950 
(all dub property is held in trust by major clearing bank trustee). 

For free colour brochure ring 

Altboagh foe dub, with 15 
names on the casualty list, 
have lost eight goals in their 
last three matches, foe man- 
ager, Alex Ferguson, refuses 
to concede that Aberdeen's 
challenge for the tide is 

Cdtic, a point behind 
United, have McGhee bade 
after a long speO of iqjmy for 
what looms as a danger game 
against Dundee. 

The former Aberdeen and 
Hamburg forward vriB take 
over if Johnston, who has a 
knee injury, is not fit for foe 

Celtic may be in fettle, 
h a v ing strung together 10 
nwtfhp^ in an unbeaten ran 
since losing 1-0 to Rangers, 
bat they cannot afford to take 
any chances at Dens Park. 
Dundee, emerging at last as 
real contenders for the tide, 
are unbeaten in their last five 
games in which they have not 

Heart of Midlothian are 
expected to beat St Mirren 

“I tell you what, I wish it 
was - Brands Hatch or 
Silverstone on Sunday after- 
noon instead of Mexico City". 
That was Nigel Mansell's ver- 
dict on the Hermanos Rodri- 
guez circuit after his first two 
hours of testing here with bis 
Canon WUliams-Honda. 

Mansell was third quickest 
behind Ayrton Senna and 
Nelson Piquet at the end of 
the initial tests but was having, 
something of a rough ride over 
the bumpy sections of what is 
already proving to be a 
challenging circuit. A main 
preoccupation for all the 
teams during tbe next two 
days will be tuning their cars' 
suspension to absorb the 
worn of the jolting withont 
impairing cornering power 
and lap speeds. 

Senna’s fastest time In foe 
preliminary tests of just under 
1 minute 20 seconds, averag- 
ing 123.8mph, was achieved 
with the help of an experi- 
mental turbo compressor on 
the Renault engine of bis JPS 
Lotus and if this continues to' 
show an advantage the other 
Renault teams — Tyrrell and 
i-j giw — may have similar 
equipment by tomorrow. AD 
three teams will be racingwith . 

the latest C-spedfication Re- 
nault engines. 

Of tbe top teams, Marlboro 
McLaren seem to be coping 
tbe best so far with the bumps 
but they have been experienc- 
ing top-end misfire with their 
Tag engine and the 
com putenzed managem en t 
system is being reprogramed 
in the hope of eliminating this. 

With everyone running less 
boost pressure and achieving 
less aerodynamic down force 
owing to foe high altitude, foe 
Lola-Fords, which have 

tended to use conservative 
boost in this, their first season, 
have shown up strongly here, 
Alan Jones being able to daim 
foe fourth fastest time in foe 
preliminary sessions ahead of 
Alain Ptosl 

Engine reliability so far has 
been good, although Martin 
Brundie's familiarization pe- 
riod with his Data General 
Tyrrell is considerably ham- 
pered try an elusive electrical 
problem. He likes the circuit. 

third, then fourth for the last 
bit. You can get it really 
flowing there;” But Derek 
Warwick disagreed: “It’s all 
on and off foe throttle, no 
rhythm.” A matter of horses 
for courses, perhaps. 

Rugby's financial 
malpractices, he said, mn 
now, after the Meads's state- 
ment and his own, **■» 
’ * “not ia foe open . He: 

Apart from the bumpiness 
of the circuit and signs of the 
track surface beginning to 
break up at one point, the 
consensus is that foe or- 
ganizers have done an ex- 
cellent job in transforming 
their circuit into one of high 
calibre. So for the organization 
has not been seriously faulted 
and foe standard of marshal- 
ting has earned considerable 
praise from several drivers. 

The grand prix entourage 
has been warmly welcomed 
here by foe remarkably resil- 
ient local population. Extreme 
poverty is no stranger to many 
of there and the after-effects of 
the recent severe earthquake 
are all too evident on the drive 
to the circuit from the heart of 
Mexico City. There seems 
tittle enough in the quality of 
life here to justify the ever- 
present smiles on many faces 
but at least the grand prix is 
taking their minds off their 
personal problems for a few 
days. - j 

“properly rewarded", bo 
allowing them to Stop sneak- 
ing around getting cloak-and- 
dagger payments.” 

though: “The twisty section is 
terrific — second gear, then 


Ricardo Rodriguez circuit 
66 laps of 2.889 mBes 
Total 190.698 mSes 
including parade lap 

First Grand Prix 
on new circuit 


Yet a woxbl ragjby leader 
yesterday admitted the 
authorities are incapable of 
preventing players raising 
money for “team fends” on 
international tours, in viola- 
tion of foe sport's strict amfc 
tear code. New Zealand* 
chairman, Russ Thomas, said 
that despite this, New Zealand 
would refuse to seekckhagei 
in foe laws to regulate foe 
practice, nor did it want refer* 
in foe regulations. 

Team funds for 
tour players 


Germans are less than Australia turn on power 
generous to Poles to consolidate position 

By Sydney Friskin 

were not so jolly. After 15 

West Germany,. 



minutes of patient explora- 
tion, West Germany scored 
from a penalty stroke con- 
verted by Fischer. The penalty 
imposed was inevitable after 
full back Wieberalski had 
stopped Blocher’s hit from a 
short corner with a fooL 
The Germans obtained 
their second goal six minutes 
later, Blocher lofting the ball 
to foe left to foe unmarked 
Hilgm, who tossed it across 
foe race of tbe goal for Reck to 
volley home. Mistakes by foe 
German defence caused them 
to concede two short corners, 
but by the end of foe first half 
they had earned five. 

By Sydney Friskin 






THE FUND — ortmarfly invests m "exempr 
British Government securities (Gilts). Tnese are 
Gins wnich are not liable to any UK. taxation 

ot any vvimnowing taxes. 

A REAL RETURN — inflation is now 
under 3*. tne Fund mere fore provides a real 
return at more tnan 9%. 

NO FIXED TERM — the investment can 
be held r or as long as you wish, you can sell at 
any dme. on any business day 

Tbe Fund nas been certified as a "Distributing 
Fund" under me provisions of tne UK. Finance 
Ad 19€M In respect of its latest account period. 


mim Britannia International Is part of Britannia 
Arrow Holdings PLC. a UK. public company 
capitalised at over £300m wtm over 30.000 diare- 
noioers Companies witnin tbe Britannia Group 
manage Investments valued in excess of EaoOOm 
rrom international offices In London. Boston. 
Denver and Tt>fcyo. investments clients mctuoe 
pension funds, unit trusts, mutual funds, institu- 
tional and private accounts. 



to 14tb November 



West Germany gave a pol- 
ished display to adiieve their 
first victory in Group B of foe 
World Cup Hockey Tour- 
nament at Willesden 
yesterdayafter defeating Po- 
land. The Germans, one of the. 
fended teams for a place m 
the semi-finals, have four 
points from three matches and 
have yet to play Canada and 

Relations between foe West 
German and Polish hockey 
federations have been ex- 
tremely cordial in recent 
months. The Poles, who have 
□o artificial turf pitch in their 
country, were permitted sev- 
eral times by foe Germans to 
practise on this type of surface 
at Limburg. . 

More recently, foe Poles 
had two training periods at 
Frankenthal and Bad 
Duerkbein. at the end of 
which Kurt Schneider, the 
President of the West German 
Hockey Federation, presented 
them with 15 new hockey 
I sticks. 

The Germans were less 
generous mood yesterday, and 
as far as foe Poles were 
concerned, the hockey sticks 





Australia consolidated their 
position at the top of group B 
iirihe World Cup tournament 
at Willesden yesterday with 
an overwhelming victory over 

Spain were not outclassed as 
the score might suggesL They 
had their chances and did not 
take them and they made 
Australia’s task much easier 
by giving them plenty of room 
in which to work the balL This 
bounty suited the Australian 
style of play. 

Australia began their scor- 
ing spree with a goal in foe 
fourth minute by Batch, who | 
took advantage of a poor 
clearance by Malgosa. Three 
minutes later foe same de- 
fender conceded a penalty 
stroke, and Chariesworth 
converted foe stroke. i 

Australia retained to score j 
some lovely goals. Howgood j 

got the third from a pass by 
Chariesworth and Batch, after 

Chariesworth and Batch, after 
combining well with Walsh, 
scored foe fourth. Hager 
scored the fifth within two 
minutes of his entrance as a 
substitute and Chariesworth 
ended tbe scoring by convert- 
ing another penalty stroke. 

Richards is 

Widnes blow 

Mr Thomas added: "Them; 
have been . team fluids for 
players from almost every 
country in the world, including 
the two AD Black lours I 
managed, and that will con^ 
tinne. Ii?s been going on foe 
dozens of years, though I 
myself was never involved in 
breaking the rales. 1 don't can 
feat professionalism at 

The point of contention worid 

be If players have received 
large sums of money, trust 
funds, insurances, present dr 
future payments for their fam- 
ilies, and soon.” 

Thomas said his difficulty 
as New Zealand's appointed 
investigator into file tear was 
that “often when yon confront 
people with statements they 
say they are not prepared to 
stand np in front of an inqufry 
and say if*. 

That “very generous 
donations” had been pat in Ac 
New Zealand Cavaliers tour 
fend was revealed yesterday fit 
The Times by Colin Meads, 
manager of the rebel New 
Zealand team to South Africa 
this year. Andy Dalton, the 
tour captain, and Ian Khfe 
Patrick, the coach, yesterday 
also said money was paid-fete 
a central team find, but they 
declined to confirm that there 
had been a ‘gener o us donation’ 
for a separate fund before the 
tour — an arrangement 
acknowledged by Meads. ' 


. . £2 tM 



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lan Botham 

Yesterday’s articles about 
“cricketing truths lost m the 
myths” said that, in 1981, Ian 
Botham’s legal and business 
advisers persuaded tbe South 
African cricket authorities to 
raise tbe offer for him to tour 
South Africa from £50,000 to 
£80,000. We are asked to 
make it clear that Botham, 
when visited in India by bis 
advisers in December 1981, 
refused to accept any offer to 
join foe tour, and that his 
advisers made no attempt to 
generate an increased offer to 

Karachi (Reuter) — West 
Indies’ captain Viv Richards 
said today bis players were 
unworried by either foe 
pitches or foe umpires they 
would encounter during their 
six-week tour of Pakistan. 
“We have played all around 
foe world and on every kind of 
wicket and in Pakistan are 
ready to play on any kind of 
wicket,” he said. The tour 
begins on Sunday with a three- 
day match against the Balu- 
chistan Province Governor’s 
XI at the provincial capital of 
Quetta. The West Indies win 
play three tests and five one- 
day . internationals against 
Pakistan who will be led by 
all-rounder Imran Khan. 

t ? < V * 

- ... . V; » >• 

K - •*' 1 

Widnes Rugby ij*ag»u» Club 
have been shaken by foe news 
that Australian scrum half 
Craig Coleman must return to 
South Sydney by March 1. 
Widnes are appealing for a 
month's extension because 
they feel March is the most 
important time for cup ties. 

% would pay not 
to mention that’ 

China double 

Richards: unconcerned 

New dates 


Croydon’s Duke McKenzie 
is to defend his European 
flyweight title against 
Giampiero Pinna, ot Italy. 
The deadline for purse offers 
to the European boxing union 
is October 27. 

British Rail's badminton 
“special” win stop at three 
more stations after foe success 
of foe first two events in the 
four-a-side Railcards team 
challenge. Maiches at Wor- 
thing on December 2, Dews- 
bury on December 10 and 
Hull on December 11 have 
been added each carrying 
£1,400 in prizemoney. 

Shenzhen (Reuter) — China 
clinched both team table ten- 
nis titles at foe Asian 
championships when foe men 
defeated North Korea 5-2 and 
foe women beat their North 

Korean opponents 3-0. World 
men's singles champion Jiang 
Jnliang won all three games 
while China's Jiao Zhimin, 
women’s singles champion at 
the Asian Games' games, 
crushed Cho 21-16 21-13 of 
North Korea and Li Huifen 
easily accounted for Li, also of 
North Korea, 21-12 21 - 1 A 

■ " •• fci-lf, — - “v uivic A LVVI. 

Olympic bid BKSffifi® 

TT.. « * . . “It 


The northern Japanese city 
of Yamagaia has decided to 
bid for the Winter Olympics 
in the year 2000. 

RO. box 271. St Heller 
Jersey. Channel islands. 



Wewww JeruyiQS34i 73i ua« 4mo»BRlTTMC 

a manner Britannia Arrow Group 

investment Services Wbrttwtde 


A. wide range of positions in Education appears every Monday. 

One senior figure on the 
tonr, requesting anonymity, 
said: “1 know everything,” bet 
advised: “It would pay wot to 
mention thaLJt just-'’ may 
contradict a few things we’re 
said since we've been bome.'^ 

Dr Danie Craven, Sooth 
Africa's chair man, ackmwt-- 
edged that the Cavaliers “beM 
«"«»ts, gave parties and 
mvited people” and pot tfcfeir 
profits into a tonr fen& bnt 
denied that his board or the 
Transvaal Rugby Union, 'n, 
charge of the tonr, had pud', 
money to them. 

A report by the IRBV 
emergnecy committee was (lit- . 
cussed last night, as Dr Cra- 
ven promised nut there nwdd 
be no more rebel: or 
unauthorised tours. “We ham 
font one and that's enough,” he . 
said. “It is not foe answer to . 
our problems, although ft may 
fulfil] quite a few need£” -He 
added: “If by dunce we weul- 
off foe beaten track for a 
while, and I am inefading 
myself, this was just a tern* 
porary thing.” 

Dr Craven said he was 
proposing an arrangement 
with other hoard members 
that, if they were nawulling to 
defy their governments and 
send international official 
teams, they should simply 
allow their players to- vist 
South Africa privately —modi . 
85 the Cavaliers claimed to 
have done, though this time . 
with permission. He called O* 
rugby unions to jgnoro foefr 
governments and “firiit for 
what sport stands for’V 


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