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- V 


N °42,387 





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Smiles and 

surprise final talks 




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* Earlier there was , row over, 

ss^tsssr - Neither 

rmm doS€ to *** hlstoric anns agreement 

From Michael Bmyon and Christopher Walker 
Reagan and Mr 
]yj l 1 fj a| l Gorbachov appeared 



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Progress on a range of 
anns control issues as the 
summit talks ended last night 
fsje leaders smiled and 
sjook hands after more than 
eleven hours of protracted and 
apparently toogh negotiations. 

As the two leaders, 
accompanied by their foreign 

die Soviet side to pressure the 
Americans to sign a quick ag- 

The dramatic news of the 
extension to the meeting was 
gven by a confident-looking 
President Reagan as he ac- 
companied Mr Gorbachov to 
ms Umousine at the dose of 
what had initially been de- 
creed as the last of three 
sessions in the small, wooden 

jmffissssS ^sss» on his strate- 
for rapid progress on midp! 



U. 7. 
•; ■ 

apid progress on guide- 
lines for their Geneva arms 
control negotiations. 

. Despite the news blackout 
imposed by both govem- 

Intensive feihfe 
With Mrs Gorbachov 
More photographs 

ments, Mr Yevgeny Velikhov 

V»T-* - 


’ • 

b I' . 

Sr '• • 

a semor member of the Soviet 
arms negotiating team infuri- 
ated the American side by 
claiming - as the talks were in 
progress - that the two gov- 
ernments were closer than 
ever before to an arms control 

The US Government claim , 
ed this was a blatant effort by 

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Back to the 
future. . . 

It’s a renaissance 
in more ways than 
one: London is 
fighting back in 
the international 
ashion war 
and renaissance 
styles point the 
way ahead. Suzy 
Menkes makes a 
critical assessment 
of the spring 

gic defence iniative, inter- 
mediate range nuclear forces, 
the strategic arms talks and 
nuclear testing issues, was 
apparently unwilling to yield 
to Soviet pressure for US 
concessions. Mr Gorbachov 
was also understood to be 
bargaining toughly. 

The two began their final 
day of negotiations at 10am 
after receiving early morning 
reports from groups of experts 
who bad been negotiating 
throughout the night on arms 
[.control, human rights, bi- 
lateral relations and regional 
conflicts. The decision to set 
up these groups was the first 
concrete indication that what 

Reagan's controversial p lane 
. for development of an Ameri- 
can space-based mtssfl* de- 
fence system. 

Before any new offers ma^ 
during the intense negotia- 
tions at the Reykjavik sum- 
mit, the US side was calling 
for an overall limit of 7,500 on 
long-range nuclear missiles, 
while the Soviet side proposed 
a limit of 8.000. 

. After public . statements 
from the Soviet side that 
substantia] progress had been 
made, the White House con- 
firmed that “some progress*' 
had been made by yesterday 
morning, but gave an indica- 
tion that a gap still had to 
bridged before any kind of 
agreement could be reached. 

It appears that public 
expectations and the mo- 
mentum of the talkc 
pushed both leaders into striv- 
ing for agreements in Iceland, 
rather than “impulses** for 
further talks. Mr Reagan has 
clearly been forced into nego- 
tiating actual specifics and has 
kept Mr George Shultz, the 
Secretary of State; with him 
for most of the talks. During 
the lunch interval yesterday 
Mr Shultz had a separate 
unscheduled session with Mr 
Eduard Shevardnadze, his 
Soviet opposite number. 

Originally' there has been no 

Aid pours in as 
Salvador quake 
toll tops 350 

Togetherness: President 

San Salvador (AP) - Tired 
rescue workers toiled under a 
broiling tropical sun for a 
second full day yesterday, 
hoping to find more survivors 
from the devastating earth- 
quake that ravaged the capita] 
of H Salvador on Friday. 

The International Red 
Cross said that about 350 
people died and 6,800 were 
injured. _ Thirty people were 
Still believed to be buried 
alive. The organization also 
said that the homes of more 
than 40,000 families had been 
damaged, affecting some 
200.000 people, and about 600 
victims were being treated in 

President Jose Napoleon 
Duarte of El Salvador said on 
Saturday night that 300 people 
were known to have died and 
6,500 were injured, but many 
more victims were still be- 
lieved to be buried under the 
wreckage of several buildings. 

Relief supplies started yes- 
terday to pour in from all 
round the world. 

Meanwhile, rescuers pulled 
at least 24 survivors from two 
shattered buildings on Sat- 
urday and worked through the 
night under the glare of lights 
in hopes of finding others 
believed to be still alive, even 


i and Mr 

According to Mr Arbatov, 

the new offer involved dap 
cuts in strategic nuclear mis- 

It was also understood to 
have involved new proposals 
in the medium-range missile 
field and to have been brought 
to Reykavik by Mr Gorba- 
chov in an effort to secure 
progress at the Geneva negoti- 

_ Mr Reagan is planning to 
give a national television 
broadcast tonight explaining 
what had been discussed and 
achieved at Reykjavik. He 
decided not to make an im- 
mediate report to Congress, 
which was not in session as 

as aftershocks continued 
rock the city. 

Two children and a woman 
were pulled alive late on 
Saturday night from the rub- 
ble of the Ruben Dario office 
building, a five-storey tiiy- 
cemre landmark that col- 
lapsed in the first, strong 

Dr Antonio Silva Carranza, 
a member of a volunteer 
Guatemalan rescue squad, 
said the three were found 
buried under nibble on what 
had been the third floor of the 
building, one of at least seven 
large buildings toppled by the 

Troops and police patrolled 
to stop looting aod dear the 
way for rescue workers. 

President Duarte, who has 
declared a national emer- 
gency, said: “We do not know 
how many more are in the 
ruins of buildings and houses 
in the affected zone.” 

Left-wing rebels fighting a 
seven-year war against the 
American -supported Govern- 
ment. declared on indefinite 
ceasefire because of the 

The presidential palace. US 
Embassy, six main hospitals 
and several schools were se- 
verely damaged. 

Continued on page 18, col 7 

Racing on 
a firm bet 

luu) ji;. . viwuouj luocin wcuiio 

maccurate ty ri do- plans for any -joint commu- 
^^PTO-sammit was nique or announcement, 


today is a public holiday in the - cbntroF They are . re- 
USL • ' - -. gjoual bilateral ‘and - human 

Mr Shnttz and Mr Shevardnadze: called into final round, 
together that did not indude Icelandic officials began hast- 

rapicOy turning into some- 

thing much more important 

and historic in terms of super 
power relations. 

The decision to set up the 
working groups was described 
by one Western expert as a 
sign that the whole relation- 
ship between Moscow and 
Washington was under re* 

though the US ride was now 
prepared for one. 

Mr Larry • Speakes, the 
White House spokesman, said 
the two leaders had still not 
fixed any date for a full-scale 
summit in Washington, which 
the Americans have insisted 
on from the start. 

Mr Gorbachov had made 


the £ oss,bll ? ty ? f Pl® 08 to hold a press con- 
pos.ti ve moves” emerging in ference yesterday afternoon. 


i3s. - 


'hr 1 


^ v 

•T* T— 

• The weekly £8,000 
prize fn The Times 
Portfolio Gold 
competition was shared 
by Maj Gen KS.R. 
Watson, of Aylesbury, 
Bucks, and Mr R. 

Tobin, of London NW2. 

• Saturday’s daily 
prize of £8,000, double 
the usual amount 
because there was no 
winner on Friday, was 
won outright by Mrs Pat 
Summers, of 
Headmgton, Oxford. 
Details, page 3. 

• There is another 
£4,000 to be won today. 
Portfolio fist, page 24; 
rules and how to play, 
page 18. 

a number of areas. 

Instead of finishing as ex- 
pected at noon, Mr Reagan 
and Mr Gorbachov continued 
until 1 30pm and agreed to 
meet at 3pm for further 

The Russians had been 
holding out for an American 
commitment to join Moscow 
in a suspension of nuclear 
tests, and to yield on President 

though the time for this feD 
further and further behind as 
the talks dragged on. 

Mr Georgi Arbatov, one of 
Mr Gorbachov's 

's closest advis- 
ers on So vi ex-American rela- 
tions. angered the US side 
when he leaked details of what 
he claimed was a “historic” 
new negotiating proposal for 
nuclear weapons cuts put for- 
ward by the Kremlin. 

Mr Shultz and m Mts 
Roxanne Ridgway, Assistant 
Secretary of Slate for Euro- 
pean Affairs, were flying to 
Brussels soon after the’talks to 
brief the NATO allies. Gen- 
eral Edward Rowny and Mr 
Kenneth Adelman, director of 
the Arms Control and Disar- 
mament Agency were going to 
Asia to brief Japan and Amer- 
ica's other Pacific partners. 

Mr Reagan, who has had 
gruelling intensive talks, 
promised before he began he 
would not “give away the 
store” at Reykjavik. The 
Americans have indicated in 
advance they had very little 
room for manoeuvre and 
there were few fields 
they were winning 

However, it appears tha t 
most progress has been made 
in the three issues grouped 


bilateral 'andft 
hts questions. However, the 
has poured cold water on 
reports that some Soviet 
troops are being pulled out of 
Afghanistan, suggesting that 
this is little more t han a public 
relations exercise and does not 
represent a commitment to a 
specific timetable for full 

When alone the two men sat 
in comfortable leather arm- 
chairs in the comer of a 
modern Scandinavian-style 
room with only , interpreters 

The transformation from 
what had been described as a 
preparatory meeting into a 
frill-scale summit ties 


^removing posters for the 
Rambo-style American 
Top Cun, showing at a Reyk- 
javik cinema close to the press 

centre set up in two school 

It was announced that Mr 
Gorbachov wanted the cin- 
ema to stage a special press 
conference which a limited 
number of 350 newsmen 
would be permitted to attend. 

Senior Soviet officials scru- 
tinised accreditation carefully 
to exclude Jewish activists and 
other anti-Soviet pressure 
groups who have arrived in 

Before the summit closed 
the Icelandic authorities an- 
nounced that coastguards had 
boarded the Greenpeace pro- 

in which session was something pre- ^ G rcen P eat * pro- 

to make <Jjcied by Soviet sources from Sn D S P ; n S “// s * ; ,^f n „ ,t f 1 ’ 
the dav that the Rpvkiavib tcm P ted ^ to _saff illegally lo- 

the day’ that the Reykjavik ien H >Ied n to t saff illegally _ 
meeting was announced. wards ___ Reykjavik harbour, 

Another early hint of a 
positive outcome came when 

where the large Russian dele^ 
gation is Housed on a cruise 
liner. . 

Historic visit starts in polite silence 

Queen brings new warmth to Peking 

By Richard >E vans 
Political Correspondent 
Sunday horse racing and 
betting in Britain look set to be 
legalized by the end of the 
decade after a significant shift 
in Government thinking. 

Ministers, including Mr 
Douglas Hurd, the Home 
Secretary, are for the first time 
saying they see no reason why 
racegoers should be barred 
from enjpyihg the home 
equivalent of last Sunday’s 
Prix ; deTArc de Triompbe in 
Puis which the British horse 
Dancing Brave won. 

While a .commitment to 
Sunday raring is unlikely to 
appear in the Conservative 
manifesto, senior Cabinet 
ministers are now talking of 
backing a private member’s 

The move towards regular 
Sunday racing is likely to 
anger church leaders and the 
“keep Sunday special” lobby 
which helped to defeat at- 
tempts to change Sunday 
shopping laws. 

But with Ireland, given its 
strong religious traditions, 
having successfully in- 
troduced Sunday raring last 
year, they are likely to face an 
uphill task in thwarting such a 
popular move. 

In theory, there is nothing 
to stop raring taking place on 
Continued on page 18, col 8 

RUC ‘hit 
squad 9 

By Our Political 
The Government was under 

growing pressure last night to 

make a statement after 
that an undercover RUC 
“death squad” shot and killed 
six unarmed people in Ulster 
four years ago. 

Mr Peter Archer, the 
shadow Northern Ireland Sec- 
retary, said yesterday that he 
would be demanding an- “im- 
mediate public statement” in 
the light of the “disturbing and 
extraordinary” claims. 

Last night, Mr James Prior, 
Secretary of State for North- 
ern Ireland at the time, denied 
the allegations. “There was no 
question to my knowledge, 
and I would have known, of a 
special bit squad be said.” 

The killings in South Ar- 
magh were investigated by Mr 
John Stalker, deputy chid* 
constable of Greater Manches- 
ter, prior to his suspension. 

The Observer claimed yes- 
terday that one RUC mobile 
support unit was essentially a 
potential death squad of two 
dozen men who killed selected 
IRA targets. 

Mr Archer plans to write to 
Mr Tom King, Secretary of 
Slate for Northern Ireland, 
asking for “an immediate 
public statement about the 
alleged operation of so-called 
'death squads' by the RUG” 


Rates ‘pause’ 

A rise in base rates before the 
Chancellors Mansion House 
speech on Thursday seems 
unlikely Page 19 

From Alan Hamilton 
Smiling broadly and clearly 
relishing the historic moment, 
the first British monarch to set 
foot in the Middle Kingdom 
stepped from a British Air- 
ways Tristar at Peking's 
Shoudu airport yesterday. 

Her presence sets a sol on 
Anglo-Chinese relations 
which, for the first time in two 
centuries, are as warm and 
unclouded as the balmy Pe- 
king autumn afternoon. 

Sixteen hours out from 
London, and after a refuelling 
stop at Muscat, the Tristar 
whispered down through the 
dusty air at the for end of the 
airport and, with the Queen's 
standard hoisted above the 
cockpit, taxied grandly to stop 
at precisely 5 pm before the 
official welcoming party 
which, although small in num- 
bers, was unusually great in 

Steps were wheeled out, 
followed by a man with a 
rolled-up red carpet on a 
baggage trolley. The Duke of 
Edinburgh, who had arrived 
from Tokyo half an hour 
beforehand, entered the air- 

the high regard in which the 
Queen is held. She was greeted 
with an unusually high level of 
protocol. Her welcoming 
party included four govern- 
ment ministers led by the 
foreign minister, Mr Wu 
Xueqian, two tiny children 
who presented bouquets, and 

the portly occidental figure of 
ieonrey ” 

The Queen arriving in Peking and the stages erf visit. 

craft accompanied by the Brit- 
ish Ambassador in Peking, Sir 
Richard Evans. 

Minutes later the Queen, 
dressed in a black and yellow 
silk linen outfit with a broad- 
brimmed white bat, stepped 
out, waved, and paused at the 
fop of the steps to digest a 
sight which rarely greets her 
on her arrival in foreign lands. 

There were no crowds, in- 
deed there was a silence, 
because the official ceremony 
of welcome does not lake 

Polo, and they do not burden 
them with pomp the moment 
their jet-lagged bodies touch 
earth. Nor was there bunting; 
twenty-five flagpoles that 
would have billowed red in 
the days of Mao stood blrakly 

The Chinese did not show 
the best side of the airport. 
The old building is reserved 
for ceremonial arrivals since-a 
spanking new, but still heavily 
underused international 
terminal, was built some dis- 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, the For- 
eign Secretary. 

As the Queen walked down 
the line of handsha ke s she 
disappeared from the view of 
the 250 British, Common- 
wealth, Chinese and Hong 
Kong journalists corraled on 
the tarmac near by — a't 5 feet 
3 inches she is even more 
diminutive than the average 
Chinese man. 

As a small indication of 

Hume call 
to review 
IRA case 

China’s changing direction, all 
the Queen's hosts were wear- 

ing western suits, with barely a 
single button-up Mao jacket to 
be seen, although their wives 
clung to the tradition of 

— .-^uuuiwmcuis- trousers rather than skirts. 

place until today. The Chi- tance away. The old building's In a matter of minutes the 
nese, in their infinite polite- slabby Russian Gothic wears official pleasantries were over, 
ness, realize that most of their an air of having m i better lbe Queen was ushered to 
distinguished visitors have days. her car, about which there had 

come at least as far as Marco But there was no mistaking Continued on page 18, col 1 




Rugby change 

Rugby Union’s International 
Board announced minor 
changes to its code of 
amateurism Pago 34 

Hosx Nrti 2-5 
Oimett 7-9 

■ Appts 16,22 
Am n 


njtrrisgrs If 

Brora 19-24 
Chon* 17 

CflBFt 16 

Hni 14 

bests 18 

Fntstts 12-14 

Law Report 
Pma Bomb 
Sale Room 
Sport 28-3234 
Theatres, etc 33 
TV&RMlio 33 
l.'nvmkxs 16 
Weather 18 

Lawson ready 
to sell 32% 
stake in BP 

The Government is almost 
certain to sell its 32 per cent 
stake in BP before the next 
election after legal advice 
which clears a major obstacle. 

Mr Nigel Lawson, the 
Chancellor, has been told that 
sufficient time has already 
elapsed since the Government 
promised not to sell any more 
BP shares “in the foreseeable 

Selling the remaining hold- 
ing could finance an income 
tax cut of 3p in the pound 

Details, page 19, 

Salmon hooked on 

By a Special Correspondent 

Salmon poachers _ 
high-technology are belie __ 
to be netting a small fortune in 
raids on Scotland's rain- 
starved rivers. 

Some are estimated to be 

laughing afi the way from the 
over bank to the bank.” 

Scotland’s world fomous 
salmon rivers are short of 
water after more than two 
months with no appreciable 

making hundreds of pounds a rainfall in one of the driest 
night in planned attacks on autumns for more 100 
shallow pods holding scores years, 
of fresh-run salmon unable to On the middle and upper 

get upstream because of the reaches of the Tay. fomed for 
lack of water. its quality fishing, water levels 

At least two of the gangs are are agonizingly low and un- 
said w be equipped with two- glers who pay up to £2,000 a 
way radios and the latest night week to fish prestige at 
sights. A water bailiff in this formally prime time of 
Perthshire said: “They are year lie out of lucL 

While the anglers are furi- 
ous at the poaching bonanza, 
bailiffs are hand-pressed to 
cope not only with pro- 
fessional gangs but with scores 
of “enthusiastic amateurs". 

A spokesman said that 
many fish are disposed of in 
“no questions asked” deals at 
the back doors of hotels. 

On the lower stretches of the 
River Don, in Aberdeenshire, 
several pools with large num- 
bers of fish are being watched. 

Night patrols are also being ■ 
stepped up on the River 

By Trail McIntosh 

Cardinal Hume, Arch- 
bishop of Westminster, in a 
letter to The Times today 
urges Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary, to consider 
the possibility of referring 
back to the Cburt of A] 
cases such as those of the I 
Maguire Seven and the I 
Guildford bombings. 

His letter reinforces 

from Lord Scannan, on Octo-I 
her 7, criticizing pre-trial} 
procedures and questioning 
whether recent reforms ini 
police procedure and ini 
prosecution were sufficient 
Lord Scannan suggested the 
possibility of judicial control 
of the pre-trial process, as in| 

'More than 200 MPs from all 
parties have signed an early- 
day motion for debate when 
Pari iaraent resumes, suggest- 

ing that a serious miscarriage I 
of j 

of justice took place in the I 
aftermath of the Guildford 
public house bombing, in 
1974, for which four people 
are still in prison and seven 
have completed sentences. 

The Home Secretary has the 
legal power to have such cases 
reviewed “if he thinks fit.” 

Mrs Annie Maguire and her 
husband, Patrick, who lived in 
Kilbum, north London, re- 
ceived 14-year prison terms 

■ — f w iwuai uuoi m creai 


for being involved* with "I 

yearije o ut of iu ck. UP °° “ 

Auntie Annie's bomb factory” 
in west London, alleged to 
have been the source of the 
bombs. Her sons, Patrick and 
Vincem, received five and 
four-year terms, Sean Smyth 
and Guiseppe Conlon 12 years 
each, and Patrick O’Neill, 
eight years. 

None of them 

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Let us prove to you why more people phone us 


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Leading artide ami 


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Yard to see man 

about Saudi leak 

Detectives fiwa Scotland Yard's serioas crimes branch 
Jure centred their investigation into the leak of a 
confidential Foreign Office dispatch on a former employee 
of the Bank of England, now working fur the iw 
Statesman! ma gazine (Nicholas Beeston writes). 

Mr Patrick Forbes, aged 25, who is on holiday In 
California, worked in the Middle Eastern branch of the 
bank's international division anti! March 1985 when he 
moved to the mgarine. He is expected to be questioned by 
police when he returns to London next month* 

The dispatch, part of a valedictory letter from Sir James 
Craig, the former affra—ffor to Saadi Arabia, to Sr 
Geoffrey Howe, Foreign Secretary, was banned from 
publication in the magazine by a High Court injunction. It 
was printed in full in the Glasgow Herald last Thursday. 

On Friday, Sir Thomas Hetberingtoas, Director of Public 
Prosecutions, instructed Scotland Yard to investigate fora 
possible breach of the Official Secrets Act, and tWl 
Government spokesmen dismissed reports that the visit 
to Saudi Arabia next month by the Prince and Princess of 
Wales had been jeopardized, and that a multi-million 
pound Tornado aircraft deal may have been imperilled. 

£3m cocaine haul 

Customs officers yesterday seized one of the biggest 
hauls of cocaine found in Britain, and smashed an 
international drugs smuggling ring. 

More than 15 kflograms of powdered cocaine, with a 
street value of £3 minion, was found in champ ag ne bottles 
at Heathrow Airport 

The drugs were seized as four young women arrived in 
London on a lunchtime flight from Paris. 

Customs officers had been trailing a gang for six months 
in a top-level operation codenamed “Rekindle”. 

Four women and two men were arrested and searches 
were made at premises in Loudon and Harwich, soon after, 
when guns were found. 

Drug war 
on radio 

BBC Radio One is run- 
ning a week-long campaign 
against drug abuse, start- 
ing cm Wednesday (Jona- 
than Miller writes). 

to fight 

The effort, directed at 
young listeners, will in- 
clude special programmes 
and more than 100 bul- 
letins promo ting a free 
telephone number (0800 
500 800) to call for advice. 

Last year more than 
4,000 sought help. 

The campaign will begin 
with * a 45-minute pro- 
gramme for which more 
than 100 young people 
were interviewed about 
their drug experiences. 

People living in a terrace 
of cottages at Trewellard, 
Cornwall, owned by the 
Geevor tin mine, Pendeen, 
which closed earlier this 
year, are prepared to go to 
the European Court of 
Human Rights to fight an 
eviction order from the 
mine owners. 

Seven of the 10 cottages 
are occupied and the res- 
idents, including former 
employees and the elderly 
widow of a tin miner, have 
been told they must leave 
by die end of the month. 
The owners want to sell the 
cottages for £300,000 to 
pay for pumping operations 
to keep the mine dry. 

Pupils ‘ill-prepared’ 

Three out of five school-leavers feel their education did 
little to prepare them for the real world, a swey by the 
Manpower Services Commission has shown. The survey 
was conducted among teenagers a year beyond the school 
leaving age of 16. 

Even among those who had fonnd pits, the figure was the 
same, 59 per cent. Among those still in fall-time education, 
more than hatf those interviewed (52 per cent) held the 
same view. 

However, 55 per cent of the sample believed school had 
taught them things that wo old be usefolin a job, 52 percent 
that it had given than confidence to make decisions and 
only II per cent that it had been “a waste of time". 

Hunt for 

Police are investigating 
an attack and attempted 
robbery on Mr Roy 
Hatteisley, deputy leader 
of the Labour Party, at 
Easton railway station in 
central London a week ago. 

According to Mr 
Hattersley, be was ap- 
proached by a young man 
and sworn at as he was 
trying to make a telephone 
call. He was sprayed with 
beer, spat on by a girl who 
joined the youth and bis 
briefcase was seized. Mr 
Hattersley recovered his 

Jobs for country folk 

A total of 1,136 jobs for the long-term unemployed in ra- 
ni areas have been created under a scheme branched 
jointly last February by the Ministry of Agriculture and the 
Department of the Environment (John Young, Agriculture 
Correspondent, writes). 

The Farm and Countryside Initiative was established to 
assist environmental projects which would provide jobs and 
benefit tbe local community. 

The latest project to be approved is the repair of flood 

damage caused by a hurricane in Arkeugarthdale, North 
Yorkshire, with help from the National Westminster Bank. 

Pathology pay claim 

Six pathologists in London, who are on 24-hour call to 
assist at the scene of suspicious deaths, are demanding a 
salary increase backdated to 1981. 

The pathologists, members of tbe British Medical 
Authority's forensic science committee, want their pay to 
be brought into line with the rest of England and Wales. 

Under a 1981 agreement, doctors outside London who in- 
vestigate suspicious deaths are paid a a call-out fee and a 
retainer to cover their 24-hour availability. 


MPs may vote on all-day pub hours 

By Craig Setoo 

The Commons may be 
asked to decide whether Bir- 
mingham should become the 
first city in Britain where 
public houses and dubs can 
officially remain open all day. 

Mr Anthony Beaumont- 
Dark, Conservative MP for 
Birmingham Selly Oak, be- 
lieves that the city council's 
plan for 10am to midnight 
opening hours would receive 
widespread support if Par- 

liament was asked to approve. 

The council wants all-day 
opening hours, at least for a 
trial period, to promote its 
image as an international 
centre for big sporting events 
and conventions. 

Last night Mr Neville 
Bosworth, leader of the 
Conservative opposition on 
the council, said: “The licens- 
ing laws are out of date. We 
are restricted compared to 
other countries. We want a 
discretion granted to liceucees 

Thatcher set 
to bring 
new blood 
into Lords 

By Sheila Gram, Political Staff 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher is taken its toll on ageing peers, 
expected to sanction the ere- Thirty-three Labour peers 

ation of at least 12 new peers have died since 1982, with 
shortly to bring new blood only 21 new entrants. Many 

into the House of Lords. 

The Labour Party has been 
campaigning for tbe ennoble- 
ment of younger “working 
peers” to take some of the 
weight of the Government's 
heavy legislative programme 
off its present front bench 
spokesmen, many of whom 
are in their 70s. 

But irritation at a string of benchers 275; bishops and 
defeats inflicted on the Gov- archbishops 26; and 147 

eminent by the Lords made 
the Prime Minister reluctant 
to give in. 

She is now believed to 
accept that ennobling a new 
batch of peers may help quell 
the rebellious grumbles and 
will recommend to the Queen 
that six new Labour peers are 

Tbe practice is for that to be 
matched by at least equal 

numbers of Conservative that it will not allow the Lords 
peerages and one more for the to wreck legislation. 

Party Alliance. 


The Education Bill, orig- 
inally a modest measure to 

The new peers, to be an- give parents more say on 
trounced later this year, are governing bodies, has become 

likely to come from outside 
Westminster because Mrs 

one of the Government's most 
contentious pieces of legisla- 

Thatcher will not want to tion. The Dockyard Services 

cause by-elections. Bill was radically chai 

They will have a proven with new rights added 
record in local government, Devonport and Rosyth. 
business and on public bodies. So many new clauses 

So many new clauses are 

Lord Cledwyn- of Penrhos, expected to be added to the 
Labour's leader in the Lords, Financial Services Bill, aimed 

is keen to have fresh, feces at investment' protection, in 
beside him with expertise in the next twotweeks as to mate 

specific subjects, such as agri- 
culture and the law, rather 
than pension ed-off MPs. 


it almost unrecognizable. 

A backlog of Bills has meant 
the Lords sitting three weeks 

The Government has re- longer than the Commons this 
cently reshuffled its front summer. Tbe sitting hours 

bench to promote younger have risen from about 20 
peere. Tbe three new whips are hours a week test year to more 

Lord Beaverbrook. aged 34, than 34 hours a week this year. 
Lord Hesketh, aged 35. and with the number of late-night 

the Earl of Dundee, aged 37. 
The Earl of Cait hn ess, aged 
37, is a Home Office minister, 
and Lord Skelmeredale, aged 
41, is an environment 

ndee, aged 37. sittings almost doubled, 
feithness. aged There is also pressure to 
Office minister, start off more Bills in the 
mersdale, aged Lords so that the workload is 
environment more fairly distributed 
^throughout the parliamentary 

They are faced across the year, 
chamber with Labour spokes- At present the Lords are 

men such as Lord John- landed towards the end of the 
Mackie. aged 78, and Lord session with a mass of com- 

Elwyn-Jones, aged 76. 


The increased workload has which has never been d eb a t ed. 

Chairman still needed 
for warships inquiry 

By Peter Davenport, Deforce Correspondent 

The Government is still his name may be announced 
unable to name a chairman to within weeks. 

launch an investigation into 
the future design of Royal 
Navy warships, four months 
after the resignation of the 
man who was originally 

Tbe Ministry of Defence is 
finding it difficult to appoint 
someone who will be accepted 
as impartial by all parties.' to 
consider the merits of the 
short, fet ship against the 
traditional sleek, slim 

<- ' _* that the design for ships up to 

it? des,n>ycr *“ n,eriBd m ° re 

P“* L ™ j j . i n i iu ir" serious consideration because 

of increased performance 

^ pn capabilities and cost savings, 
and _ subsequent resignation, ^ Hjn. Noiloll reported 

that the inquiry, which it 

within three weeks, of Profes- 

sor John Caldwell, president “ ~y “ Kf ‘T y, u J 
the Royal Institution of nr 

Naval Architects. SSE? iLL 

. should report “urgently” to 

It is understood that dis- the Prime Minister, 
cussions are under way with a Professor Caldwell resigned 
candidate who ■ would- be after his impartiality was 
acceptable, and. if successful, questioned. 

and restaurant owners to 
choose when they want to 
open. It would be bound to 
increase the number of 

any chance of holding large 
international events. 

Mr Beaumont-Dark said: 
“They might well have to go to 

lawsjare archaic and rather 

the huge decline in 
manufacturing industry m the 

The council will hear on 
Friday, when the Inter- 
national Olympic Committee 
meets in Lausanne, whether 
its bid to stage the 1992 
Olympic Games has suc- 
ceeded. They believe that 
more flexible licensing hours 
are vital if the city is to stand 

Parliament for permission, OTtc< i m0 re on creating 
bull’d certainly support such ^ jobs in the 

_ n.-n j r manu nrher r 

Abu NIdal 
ordered to 
get out 

a Bill and I know many other 
Conservative MPs would too. 

“You cannot have the kind 
of licensing hours we have at 
the moment, and at the same 
time expect hundreds of thou- 
sands of viators to oometo 
our city. Our present licensing 

■#?EE- I Edition 

Centre, the ™ 
attracts more than £60 miUion 
a year into the local economy, 
and the city is planning to 

bufldV£l05 million conven- 
tion centre. 

By Stewart Tender 
Crime Reporter 

others can no longer attend 
through ill health. 

In theory, government Bills 
should pass unscathed 
through the Lords because the' 
hereditary peers give the 
Conservatives .a large in-built 
majority. The representation 
is: Conservatives 523; Labour 
124; Alliance 85; cross- 


But this year Labour, Alh- . 

ance, crossbenchers, and a few \ 

renegade Conservatives, 
united to force through 
changes to key pieces of 
legislation, such as the Social 
Security BilL 

Many Bills have also been 
virtually rewritten, or had new 
powers added, in spite of 
threats from the Government 




By Richard Ford 

Scotland Yard believes it 
has broken up a cdl of the Abu 
Nidal terrorist organization as 
it was about to be activated in 
London for attacks, in Britain 
or on the Continent. 

During the past two weeks 
Special Branch officers have 
arrested and questioned six 
men suspected of links with 
the Palestinian group. One 
man has been deponed to 
Sweden, and the others ate 
due to leave Britain in the neat 
few days. 

Four of the men have 
Jordanian papers, one is Tu- 
nisian and the sixth is a 

The Irish Republic Oppo- Swedish national, although 
sition leader yesterday deliv- not born there. 

ered a damning indictment of The arrests come in the 
the effects and results of the vwike of the conviction at the 
Anglo-Irish agreement Central Criminal Court, two 

... weeks ago, of Rasmi Awad, a 

M r Ch a rles H a ugh ey #Hlior organizer for 

claimed that the position of ^ Nidal. Awad was sen- 

nationalists in Northern Ire- 
land had seriously worsened 
since the deal was signed 1 1 
months ago, and that they 
were being subjected to inten- 
sified discrimination m 
employment and harassment 
by the security forces. 

Tbe leader of Fianna Fail 
said promises of equal nghts 
and status for nationalists, 
along with big reforms in the 
admins tration of justice, had 
not occurred, and that hun- 
dreds of people from the 
minority community were be- 
ing systematically terrorized 
and driven from their homes. 

He told an annua! 
commemoration ceremony in 
Co Kildare: “The position on 

tenced to 25 years 

Apart from Awadwho 
came from Spain last war to 
take delivery of hand gre- 
nades. two other members of 
the Abu Nidal organization 
are in prison in Britain for the 
shooting of the Israeli ambas- 
sador in London, Mr Shlomo 
Axgov, in 1982. 

After the recent trial of the 
European organizer intelli- 
gence information in London 
suggested that Abu Nidal 
might be planning attacks in 
Europe, including fresh at- 
tempts on American targets. 

The six men were initially 
held and questioned under life 
prevention of Terrorism Act 

Co Kildare: “The position on jjut there was no evidence to 
the ground is a cause for deep ^ charges as the police 
anxiety. The position of searches had foiled to find any 

nationalists has, infect, sen- or bombs, 

ously worsened. They are The men were transferred to 
being subjected to intense Home office supervision 
barrassment threats and under the immigration regula- 
intinudation. ti ons and are being expelled 

But Mr Haughey did not because their 
pledge to abandon the agree- ence would notbe conducive 

Terry White, a member of the Hastings and St Leonards 
Bowmen, taking aim with his longbow as part of die 
Hastings festival at the town's castle yesterday. 
(Photograph: Mark Pepper). 

ment if he is returned to 
power.The British Govern- 
ment is confident that, he will 
operate the deal although he 
would be expected to attempt 
to renegotiate parts ofil when 
it comes up for review. 

rights for 

Punish bad judges 
writers demand 

The caQ for an independent 
inquiry was made in the 
recomendaiions of an un- 
official committee, set up in 
April 1985 and chaired by 
Lord Htil-Norton, Admiral of 
the Fleet, which reported in 

The committee criticized 
the reasoning behind the rejec- 
tion of the Thorn ey croft Giles 
short, fet hull design concept, 
by the Defence Scientific Ad- 
visory Council in 1983. It said 


Prison governors can allow 
nneonvkted use of 

their own furuitme and have 
their cells cleaned for them, all 
for a sec charge. Tbe privilege 
is brought to light lay a 
working guide to tbe prison 
rales, published today by tbe 
Prison Reform Trust. 

Few if any prisoners know 
about the rule, winch could 
add an extra touch of Inxnzy to 
tbe creature comforts already 
allowed. Unconvicted pris- 
oners can also have a half 
bottle of wine brought in. 
provided it accompanies a 
mea l delivered to them. 

The rale about furniture and 
cleaning, which has fallen into 
disuse, does not specify which 
types of for inline or ntensils 
can be paid for, with the 
penmssion of the Governor or 
Board of Visitors. Tbe Gov- 
ernor or Board of Visiters may 
permit the prisoner to “be 
relieved of tbe duty of drawing 
his room or cell and similar 

Rules relating to the death 
penalty have also not been 
revoked despite the abolition 
of capital punishment in 1965. 

Tbe report details the many 
occasions on which the in- 
dependent Prison Inspectorate 
has accused the Home Office 
of being in breach of its own 
regulations. Nearly afl the 
Inspectorate's reports contain 
recommendations On safety 
and fire regulations. Hygiene 
has been criticized at several 
establishments. Education 
needs were also not being met 
at some prisons. 

The Prison Reform Trust 
says such breaches cannot 
currently be challenged effec- 
tively by prisoners because the 
Prison Roles are not open to 
legal action. 

Prison Rules: a Working Guide 
by Joyce PlotnikofF (The Prison 
Reform Trust, 59 Caledonian 
Road, London N1 9BU;£6.95). 

By Oar Horae Affairs Correspondent 

>ody to discipline the BBC programme. Rough 

A new body to discipline 
judges is advocated today by 
two successful campaigners 
against injustice. 

to the public good”. 

Over the weekend. Home 
Office officials have been 
trying to find destinations to 
which they can be deported. 

• Swedish security police 
were last night interrogating 
the man deported from En- 
gland (Christopher Mosey 
writes from Stockholm). 

Mr Lief Leifland the Swed- 
ish ambassador in London, 
said in an interview on Swed- 
ish radio that he had been 
informed of the arrest a week 
ago and that a diplomat from 
the embassy had visited tbe 


— , m Britain. 

Westminster was designed to 
protect judges against pressure 
from . government - not to 

The incident fuels fears that 

“Any experienced counsel lro ™ ■ government - not to 
can give you the names of the *o ^ out 

bad judges, but very little can injustice until the time came 
be done about them”, accord- *® r to retire, or to form 

Sweden, with its liberal legisla- 
tion and generous refugee 
policy, has become a “safe 
" Middle 

W UVIAV WWW* | I •« , 1 If 

ing to Mr Tom Sargant and themselves into a closed self- 
Mr Peter HOI in a pamphlet governing and self-appointing 
published by the Fabian corporation such as exists 

haven” for 

published by the Fabian 

“The worst that can happen 
to them is a muled criticism 
by the Court of Appeal or a 
confidential rebuke by the 
Lord Chancellor’s Depart- 
ment. Members of the Bar are 
reluctant to cross swords with 
judges or to lodge complaints 
because this could prejudice 
their own chances of 

Mr Sargant, for 25 years 
secretary of Justice — the Brit- 
ish section of the International 
Commission of Jurists — and 

corporation such as exists 

A Judicial Service Commis- 
sion, with high-powered lay 
representation, should be 
established with responsibility 
for the appointment, training, 
supervision and disciplining 
of judges. 

RUC man dies 
in Provisional 
mortar attack 

Mr Hill, former producer of mistakes. 

In the pamphlet, Mr Hill 
and Mr Sargant say that the 
accusatorial system is becom- 
ing increasingly recognized by 
practising lawyers as an 
imperfect- instrument for 
arriving at the truth and 
capable of making tragic 

Families and friends 
mourn murdered girls 

Weeping family and friends 
prayed yesterday for the two 
murdered Brighton girls, as 
police continued the search 
for their killer. 

Neighbours of Nicola Fel- 
lows, aged 10, and Karen 
Hadaway, aged nine, crowd- 
ing the Church of the Holy 
Nativity, were hushed as Fa- 
ther Michael Porteous prayed 
for the murderer. 

The girls, who were discov- 
ered on Friday, strangled and 
sexually assaulted, in Wild 
Park near their homes on the 
Moulsecoomb estate, Brigh- 
ton. were members of the 
church’s Sunday school. 

Five children carried 
bunches of fresh flowers into 
the church. I 

Outside the church, local 
people struggled to contain 
their emotions. 

Police are concentrating the 
murder hunt on the estate of 

2.000 houses with a house-to- 
house search in which they 
intend to interview all of the 

7.000 residents, an operation 
which will take more than a 
week to complete. 

A reserve constable was 
killed at the weekend in a 
Provisional IRA mortar at- 
tack on a joint RUC- Army 
base in Northern Ireland. 

Mr Desmond Dobbin, aged 
42, died three hours after 
being hit in the head and 
stomach by shrapnel, on Sat- 
urday, near the New Barnsley 
barracks in west Belfast 

He was married, with a son, 
aged 10, and daughter, aged 
six, who lived in south Belfast 
He had served in the RUC 
since 1980. 

A man walking past the base 
and a girl aged 13 were also 

Mr Dobbin was the elev- 
enth member of the RUC to 
die this year and his Idlfing 
was the first of an on-duty 
member of the security forces 
in Belfast for 18 months. 

Parents on the estate have 
been warned to keep young 
children indoors. 

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Portugal Esc 170: Stagawre 
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BOQO: USA * 1 . 76 : Yugoslavia 

Invest now 

TheeaMwar f300 ’ 000 S , ^^^ ste land and start 

A medieval gold pendant extraordinary find will be 
worth up to £300,000 has been divided five ways. Mr Seaton, 
found in waste ground near a higfaly-professional user of 
die nuns of Middleham Castle the - metal detector, will be 
in Yorkshire. sharing the oroceetk with the 

found in waste ground near a h igfa ly-professional user of 

tile rains of Middleham Castle the - metal detector, will be 
in Yorkshire sharing the proceeds with the 

Mr Ted Seaton, who made land owner, the tenant farmer 
the discovery, thought that he and two associates who were 
had found a lady T s powder helping him. 


Back strain, a touch of stiffness, a 
pulled muscle or the effect of lumbago 
or sciatica can all be unpleasantly 

PR Spray is the really quick and 
effective way to relieve that pain. 

Unlike most other pain relief sprays, 
PR Spray is cold. It is the spray used by 
professional trainers attending injuries. 

PR Spray which is odourless, rapidly 
lowers the temperature of the skin over 
the painful area, and so freezes pain 
out -quickly and effectively 

compact when his metal 
detector located the object. 

It was found in October ladt 
year and immediately re- 

Sotheby's, who placed its ported to the police. Accord- 
value at betseen £200,000 and ing to ancient British laws, any 
£300,000. have described the find of precious metals must 

pendant as “one of the most be immediately reported; a 
impressive creations of the coroner must hold an inquest 

goldsmith's, art to have come to determine whether it is 
down to us from the Middle treasure trove and thus Crown 

Ages". The pendant is set with property, or the property of 
a Roman or Byzantine the man who found it. 

sapphire. If the treasure is deemed to 

It is to be auctioned by have been buried on purpose 
Sotheby’s, in association with by an owner who never re- 


Tennant's of Yorkshire on turned to recover it, then it 
December 1 1. and efforts are belongs to the Crown; if ft is 


certain to be made to save it deemed, to have been lost by 
for the nation. mistake it belongs to the 

— Tl'w* nf. thi«i_fiiiHw ifiw pvirtpi w RNri 

been given by the British 
Museum, the coroner ruled 
that the Middleham jewel had 
been lost by mistake. 

Sotheby's and the British 
Museum have collaborated in 
an effort to .determine how it 
.c4m‘*Jo.hf:.inst.and Jhylwhom. 

The diamond-shaped pen- 
dant is a box or locket and is 
superbly engraved with a 
scene of the Nativity on one 
side and the Trinity on the 
other. Around the border runs 
a Latin inscription, “Behold 
the lamb of God that taketh 
away the sins of the world, 
have mercy upon us”, the 
opening words of the Euch- 

These words are followed by 
two others: “Tetragrammaion 
Ananyzapta”, a medieval 
charm considered efficacious 
against epilepsy. 

Scholars have concluded 
that the pendant was worn by 
an abbot, bishop or high cleric 
and may well have been used 
by him as a magic charm. 

The contents of the locket 
have not been analysed yet 
They can be seen to include 
threads of gold among eanh 

enjoying a 



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fflP * 

Seller’s deposit could 
combat gazumping, 
says Law Commission 



Prettiriess beats punk in style swing 


which both tte ~ h S , lflce, y that the 
buyer and seller of a property SH 1 ?® S raain fSC ° 1 ^- 
wuW pay an imtialKS? CTpccted Wh» 

tefone contracts were^S 1 J^endofthe year, will be the 
c^ged, is to be^enm J ?, yment of a deposit, prob- 
mended by the aW L. Up 10 1 ** ctDt of the 

Commission. La Purchase pnee, to be held by 

tu. • . . the vendor’s solicitor. The 

«ne commission’s standing proposal would not need leg- 
committee on conveyancing ^hon and it is believed it 
nas spent several weeks m_ could be implemented earfv 

v^fiS SCVeral ?*** m- 
S®SS imping in the 
hgtof^ng concern at the 
practice, which has re> 
JPPWro? with the property 
boojj^Unuhm and the 

Under the chairmanship of 
Professor Julian Farrand, it 
has been considering the Scot- 
tish system of house buying, in 
W “JC" the acceptance of an 
oner for a property by the 
vendor is a binding agree- 
ment. This, however, has the 
drawback that potential buy- 
ers can spend money on a 
survey without getting the 

. Uiher possibilities exam- 
ined include making the ven- 
dor bear the costs of the 

disappointed purchaser, or 

Peouuzhig the vendor with a 
fine linked u> the property’s 
• value: 

ommS«i“ dy ’ ^ *h c couW he compensated- The I 
8 102111 *? c 5 ni " per cent deposit would be paid 

ihe^ U 3%i u 5* lpcc ^.» before a survey took place, 

-..if™ , p y ? r ' be the and if one side withdrew, the 
payment °r a deposit, prob- other could claim both 

J2L2 10 • *** 00,1 of die deposits. 

Purchase pnee, to be held by . . 

me vendor’s solicitor The Under the new system, the 
proposal would not need leg- bu y cr W0lJd be allowed to , 
*slation and it is believed it ^^^w without forfeiting 
could be implemented earfv his de P° sit if be discovered 
next year. something that would affect 

n-„* the value of the property bv 

we^S S te ar L Kkc,y to more than the amountoftbe 

welcome such a plan, partly deposit Such a situation could 

occur in the light of an 
unsatisfactory surveyor’s re- 
port or local authority 

It is believed there would be 
a time limit of about four 
weeks between paying the 
initial deposit and exchanging 
. contracts. Merely by shorten- 

brause it would mean that mg the time>between agreeing 
potential buyers would estab- to buy a*I? exchanging cou- 
lisn the seriousness of their tracts, gazupiping is marfp- Jess 
intentions and tune-wasting likely. s 
approaches would be avoided. , . 
it would also help to deter 11 K acknowledged that the 
"reverse” gazumping, where scheme would not end 
the potential buyer backs out gazumping totally because, in 
for no good reason. some cases, an increased offer 

. could be more tempting than 
i ne adoption ofa scheme m the recouping of the other 
which both parties paid a party’s deposit. But it would 
deposit would ensure that if mean that the loser would not 
either was aggrieved, he or she be out of pocket. 

because it would mean that 
potential buyers would estab- 
lish the seriousness of their 
intentions and time-wasting 
approaches would be avoided. 
It would also help to deter 
"reverse” gazumping, where 
the potential buyer backs out 
for no good reason. 

The adoption of a scheme in 
which both parties paid a 

Jasper Conran’s swingy skirt over swimsuit (left)- Alistair Blair's tri-colour swirling dress and Katharine Hamnett’s clingy 
sheath (right) at the London Designer Show (Photographs: Harry Kerr). 

Boom turns aid 
to ‘chicken-feed’ 

- A government scheme to Since 
help first-time buyers feeing launched 
difficulty getting into the rate has 
property market has run into sive dedi 
the ground because its pro- buyers 
visions have failed to keep up under tin 
with rising house prices. this figur 
According to a group of Althou 
building societies spoken to by have m 
The Times, the scheme’s pro- entbusiai 
visions are so restrictive, and {j^t encc 
the financial assistance avail- ship m c 
able so negligible, that iocreas- Homdoa 
ingly fewer people have taken 
advantage of the money on Mr * 
offer. marketini 

The Homeloan Scheme, £!SS „ 
launched by the Labour gov- 
eminent in 1975, oners a tax- j, 

fieebonusof£llO, andafive- 
ye^interest-free loan of £600 
to fisst-nme buyers. 3 ^ anc 

Mr Geoflfery Purvis, of the Scheme.” 
Halifex, said of the scheme: M _ 
“Its benefits were- not in- 
creased as time went on. Now */.'/ ™ 
they are little more than 
chicken-feed." tShT?- 

To qualify for assistance, a imerest-fi 
prospective owner-occupier V ery litt 
must have been saying with a today’s pi 
registered savings institution 
for at least two years, and have Mr Jol 

told the institution of their wrHousi 
intention to participate in the to tncrea 
scheme at the outset fine wjth 

The house or flat being 
purchased must be betow a 
certain value, depending on F 
the area in which the applicant The Gi 

wishes to live. The value now that it h 
ranges from £45,700 for a abotishin] 
property in London, to of the smi 
£22, 100 for one in the north of who conti 
England. its provis 

Since the scheme was 
launched, the annual take-up 
rate has registered a progres- 
sive decline. In 1982-83, 6^76 
buyers received assistance 
under the scheme. By 1 985-86 
this figure had fellen to 3421 . 

Although building societies 
have traditionally expressed 
enthusiasm for any initiative 
that encourages home-owner- 

Loan offer 
for second 

Barclays Bank, keen to keep 
its place in the mortgage 
market in the face of increas- 
ing competition from other 
institutions, is to offer loans to 
people wishing to buy a sec- 
ond or holiday home in the 
United Kingdom. 1 

The new service, extending : 
its existing Home Mortage j 

shin IT nr Scfieme. loaSs 

HomtS. ' ° f £r improving second or.hoti- 

Mr Richard Torney, 
marketing controller at the 
Abbey National, said: "Most 
people now expect to get a 
mortgage as soon as they walk 
in the door. Few people are 
prepared to wait two years for 
the limited assistance avail- 
able under the Homeloan 

Mr Torney also sai±“In 
1979 the average purchase 
price for a property was 
£20,220. Today it is £58,000. 
A£1 10 cash bonus and a £600 
interest-free loan will make. 
very little difference with 
today’s prices." 

Mr John Patten, Minister 
fin- Housing, has rejected calls 
to increase the assistance in 
line with house prices on the 
grounds that such action 
would contribute to "house 
price inflation.” 

The Government has said 
that it has no intention of 
abolishing the scheme because 
of the small number of people 
who continue to benefit under 
its provisions. 

day homes and refinancing — 
taking over an existing sec- 
ond or holiday home mort- 
gage from another lender. 

Mr Seymour Fonescue, a 
genera] manager of Barclays, 
said: "In the past improve- 
ments and refinancing of sec - 1 
ond or holiday homes have I 
been outside our Home Mort- 
gage Scheme. Now loans for 
the purchase, improvement or 
refinancing of a second or 
holiday home will be az 
Barclays home mortgage rate, 
currently at 1 1 cent" 

To take advantage of the 
new service, customers must 
occupy foe property from time 
to time, and lettingmostbe on 
a holiday basis only. Mobile 
homes, houseboats and cara- j 
vans are excluded from foe 
scheme. I 

The only other condition is 
that total lending, including 
loans on the main residence, 
does not exceed £200,000. The 
normal maximum loans will 
be 80 per cent, (MU borrowing 
up to 95 per cent win be 
allowed if additional security 
is provided. 

By Sozy Menkes 
Fashion Editor 

London fashion is swinging 
again, and thh time in the 
right direction. London De- 
signer Week has produced 
clothes that are wearable 
rather than wQd and prettmess 
has taken over from panic. 

The best of foe shows, in a 
quiet season, have been fell of , 
foe youthful ebullience for | 
which London has been known , 
ever since foe Swinging 

That high noon of British 
fashion his been revisited, 
with short skirts bubbting up 
at Jasper Conran, a child of 
the 1960s who was named 
Designer of the Year test 

The swinging skirt, in style 
as well as mood, is the fashion 
story of foe season from Betty 
Jackson, who said it with a 

S foered dirndl skirt, and in 
i swirling Grace Kelly 
dresses by foe designer, 
Alistair Blair. 

Shorts are also on show for 
next summer from designers 
as diverse as Katharine 
Hamnett, who scissored di- 
vided shorts out of powder 

pink denim, and the sober rights. 

Jean Muir, whose shorts and ' Mr A and the child’s mother 
tronsers'were both soft, wide lived together for two and a 

Ministers set 
to tackle EEC 
butter glut 

EEC agriculture ministers 
meet in Brussels today amid 
reports of plans to dump part 
of the accumulating butter 
-mountain” in the sea (John 
Young writes). 

The reports, which have 
beat orcuteting in foe forming 
press, are being offi ci a l ly de- 
nted. But there is no donbt that 
the ministers are under intense 
pressure to take action oa 
what, in spite of the imposition 
of dairy quotas, remains foe 
Comm unity's most intractable 

A so-called “social hotter" 
proposal, calling for ent-price 
sales to pensioners and the 
unemployed, is on today s 
agenda in Luxembourg. But 
Britain is opposed to such a 
scheme, partly because of foe 
administrative costs. 

Wholemeal bread and 
fruit much in favour 

By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 

A 13 per cent decline in increased consumption oi 
butler consumption since last fresh fruit and vegetables 
year is one of a number of both by nearly 17 percent, and 
striking c han g e ro foe British in foe drop in sales of white 
j diet disclosed in a government bread (17 per cent) with a 
survey published today. corresponding increase in 

The survey also shows that, other bread, 
in spite of high unemploy- According to the Ministry 
ment, household expenditure of Agriculture, wholemeal 
on food and drink, excluding bread now accounts for nearly 
sweets, soft drinks and al> one fifth of total consumption. 
cohoU was 8.3 per cent higher Sugar consumption was 
! in foe second quarter this year predictably down again, by 7 S 
than in foe corresponding per cent, but foe traditional 
period last year. habit of tea drinking recov- 

Sales of whole milk were ered slightly, 
down by about 8 per cent, but Expenditure on meal and 
were largely compensated for meat products was up by 
by a sharp increase in about 5 per cent, 
consumption of low fet milks. But the British seem to be 
Cheese skies were up by 6 cent, recovering their taste for fresh 
But dietary concerns almost fish. Consumption rose by 
certainly played a part in the more than 8 per cent 

Jean Mmr, whose shorts and 
troosers were both soft, wide 
and cropped. 

Bayers are *■ tiring about a 
new mood of fe m ini n ity, ex- 
pressed by London’s more 
conventional designm in Ro- 
land Klein's graceful long 
pleated skirts and pastel sat- 
ins from Caroline Charles. 

Buyers are praising foe 
newly muted organization of 
foe London Designer shows, 
which has brought the 20 
runway shows and the 200 
companies with selling stands 
under one roof at Olympia 2. 

Clare Stnbbs, newly ap- 
pointed fashion supremo of 
Harrods, said: "The organiza- 
tion has improved 100 per 

Hie aB-hnpmtaat American 
buyers, who make up the main 
customers for foe up-market 
British designer collections, 
were more enthusiastic, but 
admitted that a lot of the 
fashion action was "off- 

Illegitimacy test case 

Father fights for son in care 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

An unmarried father is to half years before the baby was because of his unmarried sta- 
lodge a test case this week boro. The mother’s health tus. Miss Angell says, 
before foe European Commis- deteriorated after foe birth ju^ before the final care 
sion of Human Rights over and the father provided most order he made foe baby a ward 
the taking of his baby son into of foe child’s care. of court. Six months after foe 

lorn authority care. When foe baby, who as a child was taken into care, the 

Mr A claims the local ward of court cannot be High Court ordered his access 
authority was in breach of the identified, was nearly aged be increased to fortnightly 
Europran Convention on Hu- one, the mother went away for visits but by foe time judge- 
rmn Rights for taking his a weekend taking him with ment was given in the ward- 
chikl into care. her. ship case foe child had been in 

He was unable to contest cuffemi n nmmiw care with foster parents for 

the care proceedings because more than a year, more than 

as an unmarried father he was breakdown, was afonitted to ... . - -- 
not entitled to leeal aid and hospital and the baby was ms “ ,c ; , , . 

therefore could trot be leeal] v into care, first under a A claims breaches of the 

represented at the hearing y P ,ace of safel y order then Convention on Human Rights 

through care proceedings. S^ a ms ThS teSteShS 
heard on Wednesday, could The fether's solicitor, Miss Hfot to a fefraSd 

have wide implications for the Naomi Angell, of Bradman 9 |*t to 

legal rights of fathers of fl- and Co, says: “The local “dependent bearing.^ 

legitimate children who have authority refused Mr A’s re- Second he claims breaches 
little redress through foe En- quest for foe baby to be over his n^ht to a private 
glish courts. returned to him and his very femily life in that the local 

In unmarried relationships supportive family ” At foe authority severely limited his 
the mother has sole right to care proceedings the father access to the child, 
custody and all parental was unable to be represented Finally he claims 
rights. or take part in any meaningful discrimination in English law 

Mr A and foe child’s mother way. He could not have his between legitimate and iL 
lived together for two and a claim for the baby considered legitimate children. 

— ^Stold — 

chief joins 

After coming within one or 
two points of winning a daily 
Portfolio Gold prize test week, 
I Msjor-Gcneral Smart Wai- 
1 son, of Little Kimble. 
Buckinghamshire, said yes- 
terday that he was delighted to 
find be had won £4,000 in the 
weekly competition. . 

General Watson, who is 
retired from foe Army and i&a 
deputy director general at foe 
Institute of Directors in 
London, said: “I think luck 
has played a big rote-” \ 

A reader of the Times for 
more than 30 years, be said be 
will spend the prize money on 
a holliay and ou his garden,’ 
He shares the £8,060 
weekly prize with Mr Robert 
Tobin, aged 43. a salesman 
from Wfllesden, north-wdst 
London. He will spend the 
prize money on his wedding 
next March. • 

Mrs Pat Summers, aged <J0, 
a retired Civil Servant, of 
Headington, Oxford, was foe 
only winner of the £8,000 daily 
Portfolio Gold prize. 

She said: "I came within 
only two points of winning l^st 
week and bad a strong feeling 
I would win something." J 
Readers who wish to play 
the game can obtain a Port- 
folio Gold card by sending, a 
stamped addressed envelope 
to: Portfolio Gold, 

PO Box 40, 


BB1 6AJ. 

deteriorated after foe birth 
and the father provided most 
of the child’s care. 

When foe baby, who as a 
ward of court cannot be 
identified, was nearly aged 
one, foe mother went away for 
a weekend taking him with 

She suffered a nervous 
breakdown, was admitted to 
hospital and foe baby was 
taken into care, first under a 
place of safety order and then 
through care proceedings. 

The fether's solicitor, Miss 
Naomi Ai^ell, of Bradman 
and Co, says: "The local 
authority refused Mr A's re- 
quest for the baby to be 
returned to him and his very 
supportive family.” At foe 
care proceedings the father 
was unable to be represented 
or take part in any meaningful 
way. He could not have his 
claim for the baby considered 

Major-General Stuart Wat- 
son: Boost for his garden. 

Honesty pays 

Mark Bird, aged 11, lof 
Fakenham. Norfolk, con- 
fessed to accidentally 
breakings sports pavilion win- 
dow and offered £40 to repair 
it The town connril accepted 
£1 because of his honesty. 


increased t consu mption. . of 

K^hv^Sri^T7 P 1 **** 1 Rifet ° zbek m4 

SEP*? 1 VlS&Jgj GmtffDSt God ley, who are 

showing collections outside 
the Olympia exhibition 

4b l nse London for 
inspiration," Tommy Perse, of 
MaxfieUs in Los Angeles, 

Marjorie Deane, of the in- 
fluential Tobe fashion report, 
circulated to leading American 
fashion buyers, regretted that 
there were not more American 
buyers in London 

But Annette Worsely Tay- 
lor, of ' the London Designer 

But the British seem to be Collections, said that the 
recovering their taste for fresh situation was "far better ihan 
fish. Consumption rose by test season with a good class of 
more than 8 per cent buyer". 

Air travel 

Tough talk ahead on European fares 


than others. 

By Harvey Effiott, Air Correspondent 

Four weeks of difficult 
lobbying are expected before 
Mr John Moore, Secretary of 
State for Transport, con- 
cludes an agreement in 
Europe’s bitter air dispute. 

In spite of bis promise to the 
Conservative Party con- 
ference to “let foe people fly 
and bring an end .to the 
“ludicrously high . a,r 
within Europe, he is caught 
between two opposing ac- 
tions and could become the 
enemy of both. 

The Netherlands has ac- 
cused Mr Moore of watftng 
down his intention to fora 
through a new agreement on 
improving, competition on 
Europe's air routes, and MB 
made clear that »t will have no 
part in any compromise. 

He has also been acaised. 

particularly by foe 

foe Scandinavians, of frihng 

to understand foe wroplex- 

iticsof the problem, and Of 

rushing ahead too qmck^ 

with plans for fiberaliaanon. 

Mr Moore, as president of 
foe Council of Transport Min- 
isters, has until November 10, 
when foe council meets again 
formally, to reconcile the need 
for some form of agreement 
with the British Government’s 
commitment to ending foe 
cartels which have kept Euro- 
pean air feres high. 

He has already stepped back 
from his original aim of an 
immediate solution to foe 
problem, and has suggested 
instead a series of limned 
interim measures, to be folly 
implemented by 1992. 

Mr Moore finds himself m a 
difficult position as mediator 
after his rousing call to the 
Tory conference. With 544 
feres already below foe stan- 
dard economy rate between 
the 12 principal EEC dues, 
only air links between 
Scandinavia and the rest of 
Europe operate foe kind of 
panel which bare all cheap 

f3 Mr Lars Enkter. headjof ijjp 

political department of the 
Scandinavian Airline System, 
said that an unchecked rush 
towards liberalization would 
harm several airlines. “We 
have a civic duty to provide 
air links from Scandinavia to 
the whole of Europe and 
indeed the world. We also 
must provide air services for 
people living in remote areas, 
well away from the busy 
capital city . routes. That 
means we must fly at a 
scheduled time whether the 
aircraft are foil or not," he 

Increased competition 
would lead to a short-term fere 
war and a long term problem 
similar to that in the United 
States, where smaller airlines, 
anxious to compete on foe 
most popular routes, have 
been swallowed up by the 
bigger carriers who can afford 
to discount heavily. 

But European air feres are 
starting to fell, mainly because 
of increased competition, foe 

drop in oil prices and cost 
reductions which have seen 
thousands of airline workers 
laid off. 

The next move could be a 
redaction in business rfags 
feres. British Midland Air- 
ways is offering a £69 return 
flight between Heathrow and 
Amsterdam to anyone, regard- 
less of when they book, or how 
long they intend to stay, 
compared with a standard 
economy fere of £84 on KLM 
and £89 on British Airways. 
Mr Michael Bishop, British 
Midland chairman, is con- 
fident foe service will be 
profitable by next year, en- 
abling it to be expanded. 

He said: “There is a lot of 
cheap air travel within 
Europe, but these feres are not 
available to businessmen or 
foe kind of people who want to 
fly spontaneously. Yet if we 
are to expand' trade and 
business in Europe we must 
make air travel more attrac- 

Scania have never been tempted to compete on 

cost alone. 

Trying to equal some of today's truck prices would 
mean sacrificing too many of our principles and 
too much of your cost-efficiency. 
Instead of investing over 7% of sales turnover in 
research and development, we might have to cut 
a few corners. Which could mean risking our 
hard-won reputation for absolute reliability and for 

fuel economy. 

Instead of manufacturing our own engines, 
gearboxes, axles and cabs, we might have to 
make do with bolting together bits and pieces 
made by someone less dedicated to precision. 

And instead of maintaining 24-hour international 
Lifeline cover, we'd be forced to trim our support 
services to more ordinary levels. 

True, we'd be able to offer you a cheaper truck. But 
it would probably cost you more to run. It certainly 
wouldn t last as long. And when the time comes to 
sell, the return on your initial investment wouldn’t 
be so healthy. 

Scania promise you years of low-cost operation. 
And that more than equals a short-term saving in 
the bargain basement 

Scania (Great Britain) Limited, TongweH 
Milton Meynes MK158HB, BockinOTflmshira 
Tei.0308 61 4040.Tetex: 825376. 

Scania. Building trucks, building reputations. 



Rules must change to 
allow joint practices, 
solicitors will be told 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent * 

1 Solicitors will be uijod to 10 "grasp the urate now" and 
change lheir practice rules to change lheir rules. 


BBC seeks 
TV news 

change lheir practice rules to 
allow “one stop 
conveyancing” and similar 
fee-sharing links with other 
professionals, at their annual 
conference in Torquay this 

The issue of mixed partner- 
ships has been fuelled by a 

“There is no other way if 
solicitors wish to be involved 
in die mainstream of commer- 
cial and financial activities, 
rather than become a small 
baud of specialists on die 

Mr Smith, chairman of the 

Biiuya u*» uwh ~ ■ . — : -- . . 

recent report in favour of society s professional and 
them from Sir Gordon Borne, public relations committee. 

UlVUi IIVIU vvivw- 

Director General oFFair Trad- 
iog, and is expected to give 
rise to one of the liveliest 
debates of the week. 

In his report to the Govern- 
ment, Sir Gordon said that 
solicitors should be able to 
share fees with and enter into 
partnership with other 
professionals. . 

• Under his proposals, which 
are opposed by the Law 
Society, “one stop 
conveyancing" would be pos- 
sible, with solicitors joining up 
with estate agents, valuers and 
surveyors to offer a single and 
comprehensive conveyancing 
package to householders. 

He also envisaged joint 
practices linking solicitors 
with accountants, engineers, 
architects, patent agents and 
medical practitioners. 

, Solicitors at the conference 
will debate a paper from a Law 
Society council member, Mr 
Robin Smith, wbo urges them 

notes a trend towards the 
“dismantling of professional 
codes against advertising”. As 
a result, professional firms 
were becoming multi-disci- 
plinary to attract “sufficient 
clout m the market”. ' 

One firm of chartered 
accountants had recently 
dropped that label and now 
described itself as a “multi- 
disciplinary professional 
corporation” which embraced 
accountants, bankers, pro- 
fessional trustees and lawyers. 

Banks and other financial 
institutions soon would be 
able to employ solicitors and 
offer a wide-ranging and 
competitive range of services, 
he said. Solicitors could either 
offer their traditional service 
or meet the competition head 

Mr Smith gives a warning 
that if solicitors go it alone, 
they will, in the short term, 
lose business to the market- 

of the kind that accountants 
are putting together, andtothe 
banks and others offering 
those new packages of ser- 
vices. Only a few firms of the 
traditional kind offering a 
specialist service would 

Although some professions 
are moving towards muted 
partnerships, the Law Society, 
in a consultation paper drawn 
up earlier this year, said they 
should continue to be banned. 

The paper outlined an over- 
haul of present practice rules 
and called for relaxation of 
rules against advertising. It 
also recommended relaxation 
of the prohibition on solicitors 
obtaining work from third 
parties such as estate agents. 

The other main issue ai the 
conference, to be attended by 
solicitors throughout England 
and Wales, will be new ways of 
funding litigation, in the light 
of proposals from a team of 
government officials to over- 
haul the legal aid scheme. 

The Law Society has made 
dear it intends to look at 
alternatives such as “payment 
by results”, a contingency 
legal aid fund (which would be 
funded by successful litigants 
contributing a share of costs), 
and legal expenses insurance. 


By Jonathan Miller 

Media Correspondent 

The BBC World Service 
expects to announce next 
month that it is ready to go 
ahead with a new inter- 
national television news ser- 
vice to provide a British 
perspective on world events to 
a global audience that could 
grow to hundreds of miliions. 

The service will consist of 
one hour of progra mm i ng 
each day, broken down into 
two half-hour news and cur- 
rent affairs slots. Initially, the 
programmes will be transmit- 
ted only in English. 

Programmes will be distrib- 
uted using satellites owned by 
an international tele- 
communications consortium, 


The cost of the scheme has 
not been disclosed, but is 
expected to be more than £10 
million a year. The cost could 
not be met from licence fees 
and would require a direct 
subsidy from the Govern- 

• A proposal for a world 
educational television service 
is being developed at the BBC 
by Mr Jim Stevenson, Head of 
BBC Educational Broadcast- 
ing Services. The service, 
which is not directly related to 
the world television news 
scheme, would use sa t ellit es to . 
provide “a continuous rain” 
of educational programmes. 

tottemUs of North Yorkshire. 

to atewtit tourists. Mr Thompson, who farms 33U acres, 
rtStettmed d etmot “Weitave “ 

£ ^ 

(i % 





A sharp intake: 

134 direct flights a week. 

More destinations and frequency 
to France than any other airline. 
That indudes London to Paris - up. 
to nine flights in all — each way 
per day. 

Ahd there are now direct' flights 
to Paris firm Aberdeen * and 
Edinburgh* Dublin , Birmingham 

Quick but nevertheless com- 
fortable. . Basically (dr rather 
luxuriously), because we've now 
upgraded Economy Class on 
our London-Paris route. Not only 
giving you more legroom but also 
adding in-flight catering with com- 
plimentary wine or drinks. 

Just one call books your flight, 
hotel, hire car 

Air France. Breathe the words. 

[4 = 



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158 New Bond Street, London W1Y0AY. Teh 01-4999511 

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could end 
air crashes 

By Keith Hindley 

A discovery by a British 
geologist could prevent 
crashes in the air and warn 
people of earthquakes. 

Dr Gillian Foulger, aged 33, 
a lecturer at Durham Univer- 
sity, has found tint by using 
Navstor satellites orbited by 
the United States she can 
measure the distance betwe en 
any two points on the surface 
of the earth to within a few 

It has immense 

scale the method 
wm detect the slightest creep- 
ing or bnlging that could give 
naming of an imminent earth- 
qaake or volcanic eruption. 

• It will fix the position of an 
offshore oil rig, jungle camp, 

aircraft or ship and provide an 

accurate speed for a moving 
target. . 

• It will also revonmonize 
navigation. Slips could dock 
in the densest fog and aircraft 
need never collide in die aft. 

• Scientists surveying dif- 
ferent parts of the world will 
be able to tie their measure- 
ments into one global network 

Anyone can tone in to their 
signals and Dr Foulger re- 
auzedthat four of the space- 
craft, the minimum needed for 
a fix, are risible from most 
places for a few hours each 

“The only way we would 
God out if this kind of Geodesy 
or surveying is possible was to 
get out and try it,” she said. 

Last December she began 
the uphill battle to interest 
colleagues and in the spring 
applied Ah' American (raiding 
to survey Iceland and throw 
baselines across the oceans to 
continents near by. 

‘That grant application 
triggered everything,” Dr 
Foulger said. “From then mi 
the telephone never stopped 
rin g in g . We were offered 
receivers aid technicians and 
floppy discs to record results." 

In the end, the Durham 
teams criss-crossed Iceland 
with 2,000 survey tines and 
linked those to sites in Swe- 
den, Greenland, Canada, 
Massachusetts and Alaska. 

“We did years of surveying 
in 12 days,” Dr Foulger said, 
“and the equipment was in- 
credibly easy to use.” 

Now Dr Foulger wants to 
establish Durham University 
as an international centre for 
analysing Navstar ground 

She has applied for a 
£42,000 grant from the Natu- 
ral Environment Research 

in police 

Stewart Tendfer 

Crime Reporter 

A Home Office working 
party, cleared after the 
Scarman report mto the 
Brixton riots, is expected to be 
highly critical of police irain- 

‘"^eworiting party, aided by 
staff from East Anglia Uiuver- 
cjiy is understood to recoin- 
mend extending mam 
period of training for police- 
men from 13 weeks to up to 

six months. ... . 

It is said to criticize tire 

training fS’te 

forces at regional centres 

throughout the country. 

The 200 -pagc report, which 
examines the iniud waning 
both for police recruits jhe 
training given dunng a wrtu- 
tionary penod. will b^dehv- 
ered 10 the. Home Offices 
Police Training Council 

The working party is un- 
happy with attitudes towards 
raw relations and community 
work and suggests greater use 
of human awareness tech- 
niques. as adopted in the new 
training system used by the 
Metropolitan police. 

This would mean young 
policemen would be taught 
how to deal with the public on 
the street, developing tech- 
niques in negotiation, concili- 
ation and recognizing stress 
factors. They m#* abote 
taught how to handle people 
with communication diffi- 
culties or the disabled. 

During their training offi- 
cers might be placed on the 
beat, under dose supervision, 
at a much earlier point than 
they are now. • 

The training centres could 
also switch the emphasis from 
teaching officers considerable 
amounts of law to creating 
situations where they must 
develop their skills as working 
policemen. . 

The working party is also 
understood to have suggested 
that the status of police train- 
ing staff needs to be improved 
and this, is thought to be 
something the Home Office is 
already examining. 

Many training centres have 
already begun to alter their 
services and include a wider 

The Police Federation, 
which is represented on the 
training council, has reserva- 
tions about some sections of 
the report and there may be 
worries in Whitehall about the 
cost of radical changes at a 
1 time when the police service 
1 has been complaining about 
financial restraints. 


Visit to 
in Europe 

By Trudi McIntosh 

Councillors and advisers 
from Bedfordshire. Lincoln- 
shire and Humberaide County 
Councils will visit nuclear 
waste disposal sites in Europe 
later this month. 

The three councils, mem- 
bers of the County Councils’ 
Coalition, have also re- 
affirmed their united oppo- 
sition to proposals by Nirex, 
the Government’s nuclear 
waste agency, for the shallow 
burial of radioactive waste. 

Mr Dudley Procter, chief 
executive of Lincolnshire 
County Council, said that the 
decision to visit nuclear waste 
dumps in Germany. Sweden 
and France, was in response to 
advice from government min- 
isters, particularly to inspect a 
shallow disposal site at Centre 
de la Manche in France. 

Members of anti-midear 
organizations, including Lin- 
coln Against Nuclear Dump- 
ing (Land), will be going on 
the week-long visitThey will 
prepare a full technical report 
which will be made available 
to the public and MPs after the 

Mr Procter said that the 
councils were particularly, in- 
terested in a waste dump in a. 
disused iron ore mine at 
Konrad. West Germany, and 
a Swedish dump in a man- 
made mine beneath the Baltic 

High profile art view 
for travellers by rail 

By Garin Bell, Arts Correspondent 

Railway travellers to and 
from Leeds will shortly be able 
to view the construction of 
what is claimed as the largest 
and most risible piece of 
pnblic art in Britain this 

The lOOft-high brick sculp- 
ture by Mr Antony Gormley 
from London was chosen from 
a short-list of IS works to 
adorn a triangular piece of 
waste ground between 
converging rail lines outside 
the main city station. 

Mr Janies Hamilton, direc- 
tor of the Yorkshire Contem- 
porary Art group, said it would 
be a toll tower “in generalized 
human form, with high win- 
dows at the ears and a door 
behind the ankles.” 

The work was deliberately 
an titl ed , and would derive its 
name “in a gradual way 
through public familiarity” It 
would take its place among 
. meat traditional British monu- 

ments such as Nelson's col- 
umn and Stonehenge, he raid. 

Mr Gormley said the sculp- 
ture, from focal bricks and 
mortar, would present an im- 
age of a human being made by 
collective labour. It is due to he 
completed by the end of 1987. 
A tift-high model of the figure 
is on show at Leeds Gty .Art 

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New controls will help 
*? Prevent demolition 
ot redundant churches 

The Government By S >ila Gram, Political Staff 

Zj? bjea to S ’ am, °^ jtaf 1958. Vfcout- JOO have 

been knocked - down. These 
include Hojy Trinity Church, 
Rugby; St Edward Holbeck, 
Leeds; St. James, Pentonville 
and Church of Saviours, Bol- 
ton - all listed buildings. 

Conservationists say the 
Church lacks appreciation of 
its architecture, often referred 
to by clerics as "ecclesiastical 

There, has also been 
conflictover the change of use 
of some churches; such as St 
Mark's, in Mayfair which 

Bill. * “ ,w ranni °S ings, or those in the chuS, Garfunkel.theKodSu 
Delicate negotiations ha VP «JPp°se any stale inierfer- plans to convert into a 

been taking place since tQ 7 ? f,? Church officials are keen restaurant. 

to resolve the conflict between diciarine^at °SL ( ^. Un< ? S Mr Roger Freeman, Conser- 
ih(Ke accuse the cK with Smr bSndilSf vat5ve - MP for Kettering, has 

of vandalizing” its precious u campaigned against the ex- 

- - - The Bishop of Rochester, empuon of.chureh buildings 

or Kichara Say, has been *«*»" i»»— * JSr 

involved in the talks since 


a deal to end »h* h- made 

SS*. the demolition of 
churches which are HsrS 

Hawser 2 



not subject 

Lord Skelmersdale is ex- 
pected to announce restric- 
tions on the free churches 
during the Housing and Plan- 
n mg Bill next week. 

The compromise reached is 
s«n as a breakthrough by 
both sides. It is expected to 
P v e the Secretary of Stale 
more control over the fare of 
unwanted churches. 

It is unlikely to satisfy 

conservationists who want 
churches subjected to the 

uik nouse Oi Lords- tnniak* r . '“““““w w uu want 
during the commiu^ Sof «™ hes f**** 10 the 
the Housing J fame controls as other build- 

Bill. S racing mgs, or those in the church 

rialiAM. ■ . who (Kfflnv anv Ctsl# intarb* 


r-. - — iu» precious 

heritage, and church officials 
who want no state interfer- 

Since 1914 church buildings 
have been exempt from listed 
building control This means 
that the Secretary of State, 
local councils and conserva- 
tionists are powerless to stop 
demolition, even when 
churches are grade one lined 

. The Church of England 
imposes its own controls 
under ecclesiastical law, 
through faculty jurisdiction. 
Non-Anglican churches arc 

1971. He recognizes that die 
deal will not please everyone 
but is delighted that it will 
achieve his aim — to keep 
churches open. 

“If we can get help for a 
parish to keep a church going, 
that is so mud) better than to 
declare ft redundant," he said. 

It is generally accepted that 
there have been some unfortu- 
nate demolitions in recent 
years. Nearly 2,000 of Eng- 
land's 16,000 parish churches 

iouu a. 1 o,uuu pansn enurenes quiry, together with a 
have been declared redundant of faculty jurisdiction. 

from listed buildings control. 
He calculaiesjlhat 47 per cent 
of all grade One listed build- 
ings were churches, and 70 of 
these have . been knocked 
down since 1969. 

In 1977, the Church of 
England reached an interim 
agreement with the Govern- 
ment. This resulted in limited 
state aid, £! million at 1973 
prices, in exchange for no 
more churches being demol- 
ished without the Secretary of 
Slate ordering a public in- 
quiry, together with a review 

r_ I.- . ; • 

Planning controls: 1 

Inquiries become 
their own industry 

Anything much bigger than a garden shed needs 
planning permission before it can be built, and some 
developers complain that the complexity of the system 
means that a shed is about all they can hope to build. 
But, as Hugh Clayton reports in the first of three arti- 
cles, there are complaints from both sides of the 
planning fence. 

Builders and property 
developers complain that they 
can never get anything built 
on time because local opinion 
uses the planning system 
against them. 

Local householders who 
fear for their homes and even 
livelihoods- reply that their 
views can quickly be swamped 
by the expensive legal machin- 
ery developers can deploy.. . ! 

The two sides meet at 
planning inquiries, where the 
desire oi builders to build and 
of locals to stop them are 
debated in public. 

The biggest inquiries are not 
just about industry; they are 
small industries themselves 
with teams oflawyers, officials- 
and miscellaneous experts, 
not to mention a regular 
audience of worried locals. 

That pattern has been re- 
peated at all the large inquiries 
of recent years including those 
about the third London air- 
port, the Sizewell B power 
station and the Belvoir coal- 

The locals are usually fright- 
ened of the proposed new 
motorway, building or indus- 
trial plant that is being dis- 
cussed at the inquiry. Some of 
them can be frighiened by the 
inquiry itself They have to sit 
through long speeches from 

The chairman of the whole 
thing is called an inspector, 
and be or she is very often a 
lawyer as welL 
The inquiry is not a court, 
but to a layman it sometimes 
looks alarmingly like one. It- 
feels almost as if he is on trial 

for wanting to protect his 
home or its surroundings. 

The ponderous and mea- 
sured ceremonial is meant to 
make sure that everyone has a 
fair hearing. But it can easily 
reinforce the fens held by 
many local people. Local 
objectors complain again and 
again that the odds are stacked 
against them. . 

Their coffee mornings and 
jumble safes generate enough . 
money to finance fimiied re- 
search and perhaps even a 
relatively inexperienced bar- 
rister. Thor opponents, who 
may well be public authorities 
using public money, seem to 
be able to field queues of 
experts from all over the 
world, who brandish sheaves 
of well-marshalled evidence. 

Developers have their own 
list of complaints. One diffi- 
culty pinpointed by the 
Confederation of British In- 
dustry in evidence to a par- 
liamentary select committee 
was that some inspectors were 
“square pegs in round botes". 
An architect might be ap- 
pointed inspector of an in- 
quiry about traffic. 

The Housebuilders' Federa- 
tion complained that local 
inquiries were too parochial 
and that their participants 
paid too little attention to 
regional and national plan- 
ning politics. 

It said when councils de- 
cided the fate of planning 
applications they were 
strongly influenced by local 
opinion "which inevitably op- 
poses change and necessary 

Tomo r row; Suspicion. 

An eccentric figure cansed a 
bit of a stir in Fleet Street 
yesterday (Gavin Bell writes). 

WSMshb Boot, intrepid war 
correspondent of The Daily 
Beast, was seen trying to cram 
a collapsible canoe, some deft 
sticks and a mountain of 
useless paraphernalia into a 
London omnibns. en rente for 
a hazardous assignment ia 
Ishmad la. 

His - chaotic departure at- 
tracted a film crew from 
London Weekend Television, 
which noted that Mr Boot bore 
an Hncanny resemblance to the 
actor, Michael Maloney. 

One supposes that it was the 
absence of new technology 

that gave the game away. It 
was, of course, Mr Maloney 
(above) playing the lead role in 
an LWT film of Scoop, Evelyn 
Waugh's satire on Fleet Street 
in the 1930s. The £225 million 
production is scheduled for 
transmission n ex t year. 

Meanwhile a herd of camels 
is said to be wending its way 
from Algeria to Morocco, 
which remarkably has none of 
its own, in preparation for 
desert scenes to be shot there 
later this month. 

Waugh would have 

(Photograph: Denzil 


Ethnic art ‘ignored’ 

Theatre companies and arts 

institutions in Britain have 
been accused of ignorance and 
lack of interest in the creativ- 
ity of resident Afro-Carib- 
bean, Asian and other ethnic 
minority groups (Gavin Bell 

Mr Gavin Jantjes. a painter 
appointed by the Arts Council 
to monitor a project for 
supporting such groups, says 
the problem is not confined to 
the inner cities of England. 

"The lack of knowledge is a 
national problem. For exam- 

ple, there are black visual 
artists in England whose work 
is acclaimed abroad, yet you 
will find virtually none of it in 
our institutions.” 

A council plan calls for a 
minimum of 4 per cent of 
council expenditure, more 
than £6 million per year, to be 
committed to developing 
Afro-Caribbean and Asian 
arts within two years. 

Projects since April indude 
a £70,000 touring exhibition 
of costumes from the Netting 
Hill Carnival. 

Threat to 
of Wales 

By Charles Knevitt, 
Architecture Correspondent 

The Brynmawr rubber fac- 
tory in South Wales, described 
as the “Crystal Palace of the. 
twentieth century" and the 
only post-war listed building 
outside Scotland, is threat- 
ened with demolition with the. 
help of a £200.000 grant from 
the Welsh Development 

The factory, which stands 
disused and vandalized since 
it was closed by Dunlop 
Semtex four years ago. was 
listed Iasi May as being of 
"world-wide significance''. 
Tenby Lid. a company reg- 
istered in Jersey, Channel 
Islands, which owns the build 1 
ing. has applied to level it to 
make way for an unspecified 
development. A public in- 
quiry imo the demolition plan 
will open next month. The. 
work is likely to cost about 
£500,000 and two-fifths of 
that would be covered by aii 
urban development grant.' v 

The factor)' was designed by 
Architects Co-operative- 
Partnership and Sir Ove Arup: 

Mr Jeremy Lowe, a senior 
lecturer at the Welsh School of 
Architecture in Cardiff, says 
the factory is a key building of 
the immediate post-war pc-’ 
nod. He described it as the 
“Crystal Palace of the twenti-l 
eth century" 


Vienna Secession art 
finds market uneven 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 

Early twentieth _ century 
Viennese design is “in” at the 
moment with an exhibition at 
the Museum of Modem Art in 
New York. But Sotheby’s sate 
there of "Vienna Secessionist 
Works of Art" on Saturday 
had an uneven result with 22 
per cent unsold and a total of 

The New York sale proved 
less successful than the auc- 
tion of Viennese paintings in 
London last week. 

One explanation is that 
Vienna Secession furniture, 
jewellery and other works of 
an have been highly sought 
after for years while the paint- 
ings of ihc period have not 
been focusedf on in the same 
way and arc only just begin- 
ning to enjov a price boom. 

Josef Hoffmann is one or 
the grandest designer names 
but ail was not plain sailing tor 
his work on Saturday. 

His stained ash Siizmaehme 
armchair failed 10 sell at 
SI 5.000 (estimate 520,000- 
$30,000) and his stained wood 
rocking chair with open egg- 
shaped arms was unsold* 
$17,000 (estimate $30,000- 

$50,000). . h . 

In contrast a stained beecti- 
wood and aluminium writing 
table designed by Otto Wag- 
ner for the Austrian 
PbsLsporkassc and c*ccutedby 
the Gcbrudcr Thonct in I W4- 
06 secured the top pnee ot me 
sale at $46,750 (csunraie 
,000-550.000) or £3U6&* 

It was sold to an American 

A beechwood and 
aluminium open armchair de- 
signed by Wagner for the same 
clients made $20,900 (es- 
timate $7,000410,000). or 
£13,933 and was one of four 
top price lots bought ty an 
unnamed European private 

He also paid $42,900 (es- 
timate $12,000415,000) or 
£23.600 for the IilhQgrai>hic 
poster by Maximillian 
Kurzweil for the XVflf Seces- 
sion exhibition of 1903, 
$34,100 (estimate $10,000- 
$15,000) or £22,733 for a 
spectacular carved and gilt- 
wood floor lamp. 

It was designed by Dagobert 
Peche for the Wiener 
Werkstatte in about 1920. 

A beechwood and maple 
writing table and chair de- 
signed by Josef Hoffmann 
about 1904-06 went for 
$29,700 (estimate $20,000- 
$25,000) or £19.800. the most 
expensive Hoffmann piece to 
find a buyer. 

Another unnamed Euro- 
pean collector spent $19,800 
(estimate $8.000412,000) or 
£13.200 on a latge enamelled 
silver brooch designed by 
Koloman Moser and made by 
the Wiener Werkstatte about 
1909. , . 

It is 5cm square and depicts 
the head - and shoulders of a 
woman enveloped in an exotic 
feather cloak. . 













-------- . • . 





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- W/ 

Distraught re latives crowd Miami airport 

Salvadoreans plead for 
seats in bid to reach 
earthquake disaster city 

From (W rVn n. w 



China greets the Queen 


J*5f crowds of distraught 
Pleaded in vain 
Sj". f® 31 ? 0n few daily 
flights from Miami Inter- 
ra i lonal Ajrpoa to San Sal- 


annng the capital resumed 

operating on Saturday. 

There were angry exchanges 
over scat allocations but fK 
dies laden with cases of goods 
Jmaliy gave up hope after 
pemg told repeatedly that 
there wa $ little prospect of 
getting a plane for days. One 
airiine said all seals to San 
Salvador were fully booked for 
the next nine days. 

With international tele- 
phone lines to San Salvador 
almost non-existent, most 
people had no idea if their 
relatives and friends were safe. 
Twenty-three mayors from 
Salvadorean villages and 
small towns were among those 
stranded. They have been in 
the US for two weeks as guests 
of the Agency for Inter- 
national Development to 
study how democracy works 
m small American towns. 

Mayor Jose Benigno Bonilla 

The Dutch Government is 
giving El Salvador one million 
guilders (£299,000) to help in 
the aftermath of the 
earthqnakeit was hmmmu^ 
yesterday (Reuter reports). 
Meanwhile, a West German 
Air Force plane was leaving 
for El Salvador to deliver 
tents, blankets, drugs and 
other equipment donated to 
the survivors by the German 
Red Cross, a Forei gn Ministry 
.spokesman said in Bon. 

_r rs • ■ _ muucy uicuKca. ouuic ui iuc 

2.000lnh^S^idte’™ ^ ded ra! * ora atotook 
a? 0 , 1 ? » n wa- A team of Florida fire- 
IhS£«? 8e iJ flitters travelled to San Sal- 

High School San vador on Saturday to help 
Juan Bosco in San Salvador, with rescue efforts. The team, 
. 1 oavCT’t beard anything, which worked on rescues in 
<h>n ,- t kn °7' rf 7^ Mexico aty after the quakes 
”E, , L d f ad i? r ¥ ivt Tb® radio in September last year, went 

die disaster gleaned largely 
from monitoring radio broad- 
casts out of the capital. One 
local station said it had re- 
ceived $25,000 in pledges. 

Representatives from the j 
Latin Chamber of Commerce, 
the social services agency 
Ayuda, Hialeah Chamber of 
Commerce, the Spanish-Ame- 
rican League Against Discrim- 
ination and the Salva- 
dorean-American Foundation 
were among organizations at 
the radio stations accepting 
money pledges. Some of the 
stranded mayors also took 

A team of Florida fire- 
fighters travelled to San Sal- 
vador on Saturday to help 

said the* school was rubble. I 
am desperate.” 

Mayor Antolin Nunez of 
Sauces, a town of 18.000 
people, said he was worried 
about the safety of his teenage 
daughter Leri da, who is study- 
ing in the capital. “My God, 1 
hope she is alive. All we can 
do now is keep the faith.” 

All day on Saturday, Span- 
ish language radio stations in 
Miami issued appeals for 
money while giving news of 

Quakes hit Japan and Iran 

Earthquakes hit Japan anil 
Iran yesterday (Our Foreign 
Staff writes). A tremor 
measuring 4.1 on the Richter 
scale shook Ajiro and 
neighbouring areas on the Izn 
peninsula in Japan. The re- 

MPs agree 
agenda on 

From Eduardo Cu6 
Buenos Aires 
British and Argentine MPs 
agreed over the weekend on a 
four-point agenda for di£ 
missions next spring at a 
meeting designed to break the 
four-year-okl freeze in rela- 
tions between their countries. 

Although the two delega- 
tions cannot negotiate, the 
development was seen as a 
positive step by Conservative 
and Labour members of the 
British delegation who travell- 
ed here for a congress. 

"It's generally my im- 
pression that we are inching 
forward to a better under- 
standing because the climate 
is getting warmer ” Mr David 
Crouch. Conservative MP for 
Canterbury and the delegation 
chairman, said on Saturday. 

The two groups agreed xo 
discuss the 1985 United Na- 
tions General Assembly reso- , 
lution that urges both coun- ; 
tries to discuss all aspects of 
the Falklands dispute, but j 
which does not mention the is- , 
sue of sovereignty, the possi- ; 
biiity of establishing a joint ! 
British-Argentine Comraiss- 1 
ion to continue contacts, the 
restoration of diplomatic rela- 
tions. and steps to prepare 
public opinion in both coun- 
tries for a possible compro- 
mise agreement 
Conservative and Labour 
members of the nine-man de- 
legation emphasized that they 
had not bowed to Argentine 
demands to discuss the sov- 
ereignty of the Falklands. 

The agreement to set an 
agenda came at an informal 
session between the British 
and Argentine delegations to 
the In ter- Parliamentary 
Union congress. 

On Saturday the group 
adopted a strongly-worded re- 
solution introduced by the Ar- 
gentines re-affirming Beunos 
Aires’ claim to the Falklands. 
South Georgia and the Sand- 
wich Islands. 

Alfonsin in 
call for 

From Harry Debeiius 

President Alfonsin of Ar- 
gentina said in Madrid yes- 
terdav that his country was 
-determined to recover sov- 
ereigns over the Malvmas 

means'* even though “we 
r«n'i been able to gel Great 
Britain to agree to sit down at 
a tablc^ and engage in 

di u? if on a private vial to 
Spain. He thanked Madrid for 
f,r support for Argentina* 
claim to sovereignly. 

He said Spams mem^ 

gion near Shiraz, in Iran's 
southern province of Fare, was 
shaken by a quake measuring 
5 on the Richter scale, accord- 
ing to the Islamic Republic 
News Agency. No casualties 
were reported . 

immediately to the hand-hit 
Ruben Dario building and 
tunnelled into it through the 
basement with Salvadorean 
and Guatemala City munici- 
pal fire-lighters. 

During the morning alone 
they rescued 17 people. Mr 
Douglas Jewett, the disaster 
training co-ordinator of tire 
Miami Fire and Rescue Unit 
said: “It is much better co- 
ordinated than m Mexico. The 
people in the Government are 
willing to help. Compared 
with Mexico we are getting 
great support.” 

The State Department and 
the El Salvador Embassy in 
Washington set up hot-fines 
for friends and relatives seek- 
ing news. But even they could , 
not give a clear picture of the 
full extern of the disaster. j 

The Queen smiling as she takes the salute from a young Chinese boy after arriving at Peking airport yesterday. During her 
-six-day visit to China she will see the Great Wall as well as travelling to Shanghai, Xian and Canton. 

Frontline leaders 
meet in Maputo 

From A Correspondent, Harare 
Mr Robert Mugabe, the Maputo meeting focused on 
mbabwe Prime Minister, the security problems in 
w to Maputo yesterday with Mozambique, which stem- 
s defence chiefs for a one- med, it said, from the exodus 

Zimbabwe Prime Minister, 
flew to Maputo yesterday with 
his defence chiefs for a one- 
day summit with the five 
other leaders of the. South 
African frontline states and 
President Mobutu of Zaire. 

Observers Relieve the meet- 
ing reflects.tbe mounting anxi- 
ety of the frontline leaders to 
free themselves .of South Af- 
rican economic ties in the face 

free three 

From Mohsin All 

Yugoslavia has freed three 
Americans imprisoned in 
cases which were straining 
Washingion-Belgrade relat- 
ions, a State Department 
spokesman said. 

The three men had been 
jailed on charges of hostile 
political activity. Mr Pjeter 
Ivezaj and Mr Vjerolub 
Radizojevic were released on 
Friday and Mr Gradimir 
Hadzic was freed on Saturday. 
Mr Ivezaj was sentenced to 

Truce ends camp 
siege in Lebanon 

From Juan Carlos Gnmnrio, Beirut 

Shia Muslim militiamen 
yesterday lifted the siege 
around the Rashidiyeh Pales- 
tinian refugee ramp in south- 
ern Lebanon after 12 days of 
fighting and intense mediation 
efforts by Syria, but die 
ceasefire imposed harsh con- 
ditions on the defenders. 

Authorities in Tyre said the 
Palestinians bad no choice bat 
to hand over five guerrillas 
who had reportedly started the 
battle on October 1, when they 
opened fire on the Shia Amal 
militia at a checkpoint 

The incident provoked a 

mea, it saia, rrom the exodus seven years in prison on mu*™ a* a cneotpoun. 
last week from Malawi of Wednesday • by a Titograd The incident provoked a 

thousands of members of the court In 1981 he had dem~ confrontation that left 10 pro- 
right-wing Mozambique Re- onsirated in front of the dead and. wounded 45. The 

sisiance Movement Yugoslav Embassy in Wash- camp was quiet yesterday after 

si stance Movement Yugoslav Embassy in Wash- 

Mahawi, {ike Zaire, strongly ington against Yugoslavia’s 
denies giving the rebels sane- treatment of ethnic Albanians. 

ety of the frontline leaders to tuary and says it is only A naturalized American of 
free themselves of South Af- repatriating deserters from Albanian parents, he .was dr- 
rican economic ties In foe face ' Mozambique Government rested in August whfle visiting 
of the imminent Imposition of forces. President Banda of relatives with his wife and 
international sanctions again- Malawi last month met front- daughter. The announcement 
si Pretoria and the prospect of line leaders, who delivered an of the release came shortly 

camp was quiet yesterday after 
a night of sniper exchanges. 

Details of how the truce was 
arranged were incomplete and 

Officials in Tyre -said the 

Pales tinians had surrendered 
120 Kalashnikov rifles as. a 
goodwill gesture but had in- 
sisted on the release of some 
16 Palestinians who they say 
were “kidnapped” by Amal 
daring the fighting. By dnsk 
there was no word of the fate of 
those prisoners. 

Earlier the deputy com- 
mander of the PLO forces, Mr 
KhaKl aMVazir, said in Ku- 
wait that the Rashidiyeh 
defenders wpuld never lay 
down (heir arms. The guerril- 
las would retain their weapons 
“because the gun is (their) 

The truce in the camp 
Qlnstrated determination to 
end long-standiim hostility be- 
tween Amal, Syria's main 
Lebanese ally, ami Palestin- 
ians loyal to Mr Yassir Arafat, 
the PLO chairman. 

Howe in 


From David Bonavia 
Hong Kong 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, foe 
Foreign Secretary, yesterday 
side-stepped questions about 
China's objections to foe in- 
troduction of direct elections 
to the Hong Kong Legislative 

Before leaving for Peking to 
join the Queen and Duke of 
Edinburgh for their week-long 
visit to China, Sir Geoffrey 
said that implementation of 
the 1 984 Anglo-Chinese agree- 
ment on the future of Hong 
Kong was “£oing well”. 

The Foreign Secretary said 
he had “listened carefully” to 
expressions of Hong Kong 
opinion on the new basic law 
for the territory, which is to 
revert to Chinese sovereignty 
in 1997. “The Chinese Gov- 
ernment is tackling this vital 
task in a thorough way.” 

Food airlift 
under way 
in southern 

From Charles Harrison 

Operation Rainbow, the 
UN-backed food airlift to 
famine-hit areas of southern 
Sudan, got off foe ground yes- 
terday when a Hercules C 130 
transport plane, which had 
been waiting at Khartoum for 
mom than two weeks, left for 
lsiro, in north-east Zaire with 
16 tons of food and medicines 

From lsiro the food will he 
taken 300 miles by road to Ju- 
ba, the main town in southern 
Sudan. Plans to fly direct to 
Juba had to be abandoned be- 
cause of problems in arranging 
insurance cover. 

The airlift to the south, 
where more than two million 
people are facing famine, has 
been halted since August, 
when guerrillas of the Sudan 
People’s Liberation Army 
(SPLA) shot down a civilian 
Fokker Friendship airliner, 
killing all 60 people aboard, as 
it look off from Malakal, 
south of Khartoum. 

The SPLA had threatened 
to shoot down any planes 
flying over the "war zone”. 

Arrangements were made to 
fly food to lsiro when insurers 
were reluctant to provide 
cover for the plane on flights 
to Juba or other centres in 
Sudan. Elaborate plans have 
been made xo send trucks and 
fuel to lsiro and there were 
further delays in obtaining 
clearance for foe flights from 
the Zaire authorities. 

Yesterday the Sudan Gov- 
ernment announced it was or- 
ganizing its own food airlift. 
Civilian aircraft of Sudanair 
are being convened to carry 
cargo to Juba, Wau, Malakal 
and other centres, the Min- 
ister of Cabinet Affairs, Mr 
Salah Abdel-Salam, said in 

Latest reports say scores of 
people are dying from famine 
and famine-related diseases in 
the south. 

• KHARTOUM: Monsignor 
Hilarion Capucci. the Roman 
Catholic Vicar of Jerusalem 
who in foe 1970s served three 
years in an Israeli jail for gun- 
running. is coming to Sudan 
next week to mediate in the 
civil war, a newspaper said 
yesterday (AP reports). 

The paper said Mr Sadek al- 
Mahdi, foe Prime Minister, 
and Colonel John Garang, 
head of foe Sudan People’s 
Liberation Army, had agreed 
to co-operate with him. 

South African reprisals against 
its Mack neighbours. 

The presence of President 
Mobutu, one of the least mili- 
tant black African leaders, was 
seen as particularly significant 
in view of the frequent allega- 
tions that Zaire's territory is 
being exploited by Angola's 
Unita rebels, who have sev- 
ered the frontline states' rail- 

line leaders, who delivered an of- the release came shortly 
ultimatum to him to damp after 18 American congress- 
down on Rename bases. men. had introduced legjsla- 
Zimbabwe maintains a tion to cut US trade with 
force of at least 5,000 troops Yugoslavia, 
from its British-trained Army The measure would have 
in Mozambique to- prevent ended the most favoured na- 
rebel sabotage of foe frontline tion trading status, which 


tions that Zaire's territory is states’ road, rail and oil pipe- gives Yugoslavia the same low 
being exploited by Angola's line link with the Indian tariff rales the US accords 
Unita rebels, who have sev- Ocean port of Beira. other trading partners, 

ered the frontline states' rail- The Zimbabwe Broadcast- The Stale Department has 
way line to the Atlantic port of ing Corporation said a leading said that Americans asking 
Benguela, greatly increasing topic on the Maputo agenda about travel to Yugoslavia 
dependence on South African was foe belief of President were given a brochure which 
routes. Zaire follows a pro- Machel of Mozambiquethal warned that Yugoslavia did 
Western foreign policy and is his country feces imminent not recognize dual nationality 
one of the few which rec- attack after, last week's and they might be denied 
ognizes Israel. landmine incident dose to foe communication with Ameri- 

Zi mbabwe' 5 state-run South Africa-Mozambique can officials if taken into 
broadcasting service said the border. custody. 

dependence on South African 
routes. Zaire follows a pro- 
Western foreign policy and is 
one of the tew which rec- 
ognizes Israel. 

Zimbabwe's state-run 
broadcasting service said the 

and they might be denied 
communication with Ameri- 
can officials if taken into 

Democrats lose grip on power base 

Reagan wins Southern hearts 

The American South is under- 
going dramatic social, politi- 
cal demographic and econom- 
ic change. The historic dom- 
ination of the Democratic 
Party shows dear signs of 
weakening. In the first of two 
articles, Christopher Thomas 
reports from New Orleans on 
the far-reaching consequences. 

It has been said that South- 
erners vote the way their 
daddy shot in the Civil War. 
That legacy of distrust of the 
Yankees survives- today to a 
quite astonishing degree, with 
all 11 states of the old confed- 
eracy still bastions of devotion 
to tiie Democratic Party. 

But the monolith is track- 
ing. The Republicans are 
pouring campaign money into 
Dixie like bourbon at mardi 
gras. Here the great question 
of American politics awaits 
answer: Is realignment going 
on, is the Republican Party 
going to seize, finally, the 
cherished mantle of majority 


Howard wrote of the modem 

The chanaina Saa&: “ Cottoi[i *“* mo?ed 

viiaiiyiny. ^ ^ ^ to 

TaC0 Of DlXie town, tbetownfoBc have moved 

D . ^ to the suburbs, the Negro has 

i cut 1 moved north, the Yankee has 

I moved south.” 

These changes, this loss of 
countryside. Beyond the exp- soothemness, is a recurring 
and ing tower-block cades tike nightmare of Southerners. To 
Atlanta, much of the rural an extraordinary degree the 
South aches with despair; South has kept its identity 
poverty, even hunger. There through the ravages of the 

are two Souths, urban ami 
rural, one getting richer, one 
getting poorer. 

Civil War a century ago; 
through the bitter legal battles 
of a generation ago that forced 

A short drive ortside New 


wooden shacks teetering on 

the swamp's edge, their rag&d *[““{**}“* CSSS 

occupants bar^snbristmg off ffSS&SSS*?* 

the land and water. In the hlaek 

Louisiana countryside there 

are tittle towns tike White “ lhe .. So ™' ™ re 

Castle, sur.oonded by fidds of 

President Reagan is revered 
by southern whites. In the last 
opinion poll he had a stagger- 
ing approval rating of 82 per 
cent, They like his mtional- 

ism, his conservatism, his 

implied message to blacks to 
stand alone, welfare-free. 
There is a direct correlation 
between Mr Reagan's popul- 

Party strengths in the 11 
Southern states: 
Presidential results, 1984: 

Reagan 62%: Mondate 37%. 


Democrats 9; RepubBcans 2. 


Democrats 1£ Republicans 10. 


Democrats 73; Republicans 43. 
State legislature: 

Democrat 78%; Republicans 21%. 

hi^iwifihe E§C should bring ^“whitelderififfiiig sugar cane but otherwise 

benefits to Utin America. It tha^ves for the first time as jatgriy without Mustey, poor 
Sd not change the philos- RepablkaBS . muway flat one tas not 

pphv of.heCo— y.»d V MlRtaHlN . a expect Araenc^to be poor, 

it would not open all foeooore ^ work m Uixig. Migration, Off the major roads you 
for those countries, out « WUI population growth, foe surging constantly encounter such 
unlock them". « popularity of fundamentalist places, the living^ truth that 

He and Schor Wipe reli _ io , urbanization and something very sad is happen- 

„\ c7 . the Spanish Prime min- ^.improving racial equality ing beyond the smart new dfy 
isur. had discussed foe debt ^ cbaogiDfi the South, tern- tower blocks, 
problems of his feso" pering its nmqne personality. There are now 110,000 
private dinner on m j- Tfafe American- fewer jobs in the rural-based 

■•Gonzalez unaersi un _ ^tion of Dixie is eroding textile industry in the South 

position ” he sjio- .^ious traditional party loyalty and than in 1980. Cheap imports 

denaken a Scarcn . ]ished threatens what has in essence of ftrnutnre, apparel and agn- 

soiutions. ano Rc^ ^ a poe-party system.' It is odture'continue to inflict pain 

contact wiin x "vSL«s today all happening for sure; tire on the countryside, widening 
Senor Alfojis.m^ M<vtrAW aifflrtfo fasL the gu lf with the town s . _ 


posmon. . j- various 

SSS-sSs** - 


ization of Dixie is eroding 
traditional party loyalty and 
threatens what has in essence 
been a one-party system.' It is 
all happening for sure; the 
itiffirttfr . Question .is how test. 

attorneys and businessmen - 
the first generation of their 
kind, as indeed are the whites 
they work alongside. The tu- 
mult is over and a kind of 
sultry racial peace has settled 
upon the region. 

But fundamental racial 
change is still going on. More 
and more, whites are identify- 
ing with the Republican Party. 
To many, the Democratic 
Party Jacks derisive leader- 
ship and often sounds far too 
liberal for southern comfort. 

Blacks, meanwhile, remain 
monolithically Democrat. 
Many are fired by that 
wonderfully evocative orator 
the Rev Jesse Jackson, who 
exhorts them to move on from 
“the outhouse to the state 
house to the White House”. 

Blacks have many strong 
Democratic leaders; whites 
have but few. 

This separation of the races 
at the ballot box, which is 
occurring with the lazy cer- 
tainty of the Mississippi's 
long journey, is immensely de- 
pressing to an already demor- 
alized and floundering Dem- 
ocratic Party. 

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Missile wrangle 

Talks go well over ti 
as Reagan ‘hangs 

The delicate touch of diplomacy 


From Michael Binyon, Reykjavik 

The -arms control 
began discussions at 
House at &07pni and did not 
finish until 6JQam. The other 
■group, concentrating on the 
remaining three issues, broke 
up at 4.30am. 

- The American teams is? 
dueled the Administration's 
top advisers On arms control 
and the Soviet Union. With 
Mr Nitze were Mr . Max 
Kampdman, the senior Ge- 
neva negotiator; General Ed- 
ward Rowny, a former arms 
negotiator and now special 

adviser. Mr Kenneth Add- 
man, director of the Arms 
Control and Disarmament 
Agency; Mr Richard Perie, 
that they engaged in the. Assistant Secretary of De- 
substantive details of the is- fence, and Mr Robert Einhard 

President Reagan and Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov, the 
Soviet leader, spent far longer 
together, arguing over the 
details of arms control, than 
either, had expected at the 
beginning of the summit 

After an extended session 
yesterday morning,. , they de- 
cided at the last minute to 
reconvene for an unscheduled 
fourth session, making a total 
of more than eight hours of 
intensive talks. 

Contrary to their earlier 
expectations, they also spoke 
most of the tune together with 
their Foreign Ministers, Mr 
George Shultz and Mr Eduard 
Shevardnadze, an indication 

sues ■ rather than just : the. 
generalities. ' It bad been 
thought that most . of their 
meetings -would be “one on 
one" 1 . 

Before the final session 
yesterday, Mr Shultz and Mr 
Shevardnadze held a separate 
meeting on their own. 

In the middle of the talks 
the groups of experts, set up 
on Saturday to report to the 
two leaders on arms oontrol as 
well as regional conflicts and 
bilateral and humanitarian 
questions, held marathon ses- 
sions that did not finish until 
dawn yesterday morning. 

The two groups were 
beaded by Mr Paul Nitze, Mr 
Reagan's senior arms control 
adviser, and Mr Viktor 
Karpov, the leader of the 
Soviet arms negotiating team 
in Geneva, and by Mrs 
Roza one Ridgway, the Assis- 
tant Secretary of State for 
European affairs, and her 
Soviet counterpart Mr Alex- 

from the National Security 

... Mrs Ridgway was. assisted 
by Mr Arthur Hartman, the 
US Ambassador in Moscow; 
Mr Peter. Rodman and Mr 
Jack Matlock from the Na- 
tional Security Council; Mr 
Thomas Simons, deputy assis- 
tant Secretary of State for. 
European Affairs, and Mr 
Mark Parris, head, of the 
Soviet desk at the State . 

The US experts reported to 
Mr Reagan after breakfast 
yesterday. It : ■ soon became 
dear that the Sunday session 
between Mr Reagan and Mr 
Gorbachov involved a lot of 
tough, frank speaking, es- 
pecially on arms control — the 
field in which the Russians are 
determined to make the most 

Mr Reagan, however, re- 
fused to budge on several key 
issues, especially intermedi- 
ate-range nuclear forces, his 

ander Bessmertnykh, a Dep- strategic defence initiative, the 
uty Foreign Minister. strategic arms talks and 

The handshake, a 
smile and the 
art of summitry 

From Michael Binyon, Reykjavik 

That first handshake was 
what Iceland and the world 
had been waiting for. 

The sleek Mack Z3 limou- 
sine pulled past the cameras, 
Mr Gorbachov walked np to 
the door of the modest white 
chipboard hoaseand President 
Reagan emerged, wearing a 
white scarf and a warm smile. 

As be grasped the Soviet 
leader by the arm the small 
talk started. The world's press 
could only guess, but whatever 
President Reagan said, it 
prompted Mr Gorbachov to 
consult his watch earnestly. 
Could it have been, “you’re 
late"? Icelandic television 
noted it was oo the dot of 
1030 am. 

The cordial greeting was 
repeated in the afternoon, 
when Mr Gorbachov played 
host For the third session 
yesterday Mr Larry Speakes, 
the White House spokesman, 
characterized it as “a warm 
greeting". How did he know? 
“Well, the President smiled, 
and they disenssed the 
weather again. The weather is 
always a good sign." 

In Iceland the unpredictable 
succession of sun, showers, 
wind, sleet. Master, rainbows 
and son again conld be a meta- 
phor for the talks, though one 
hopes they were less mercuri- 
al. To the waiting world, and 
especially to harassed tele- 
vision reporters talking their 
way through a news blackout, 
every little indication became 
a sign, a hint. 

"The Americans scored 
their first symbolic victory 

Mr Speakes: talk of the 
weather is a good sign* 

yesterday when they manoeu- 
vred President Reagan into the 
chair with the best view of the 
sea, whereas Mr Gorbachov 
had only a rather grey view of 
some mountains," one White 
House correspondent sol- 
emnly toM the cameras — an 
even bigger victory, it seemed. 

“bathroom affair" over who 
should use dm bigger loo — the 
headline focus for The Nat 
York Post’s coverage.. . .. 

Still, the atmosphere does 
seem to have been good — 
though “business-tike" was 
the most that could be elicited 
from the taciturn Admiral 
John Poindexter, the National 
Security Adviser. Mr Donald 
Regan, - President Reagan’s 
gruff White H ous e ma jor- 
domo, shrugged the question 
off with a scowl as he strode 
purposefully past the tiny US 

Shouted -questions axe the 
networks' stock in trade. "Are 

yon going to give away the 
store/’ someone asked Presi- 
dent Reagan before the talks. 
“I don't own the store," he 

fW frrlr. 

Mr Gorbachov has had less 
practice with such repartee in 
Moscow, and looked bemused 
by a similar thrust at the 
jngnlar from a Rnssan-speak- 
log American. 

There have been mercifully 
few demonstrations and other 
sideshows to mte rrapt the. 
blackout A few banner-carri- 
ers have beat out, kept in 
check by orange-dad volun- 
teer guanis. Jewish refaseiriks 
and those with relatives de- 
tained in Russia have done the 
rounds of the press centres, 
adding yet more paper to the 
heaps of pre-summit briefings, 
pool reports, news agency 
flashes and met sheets that lie 
on the floor under a tangle of 
television cables. 

The Icelandic organizers, 
gradually relaxing as the end 
ts in sight, have been patting 
out questionnaires to see what 
good it has all done this 
enterprising littie island. 

Does, for example, the or- 
dinary correspondent now 
know any more Icelandic fig- 
ures apart from Magnus 
Magnnssou — anyone like the 
President, Prune Minister, 
Iceland's only Nobel prize- 
winner, its biggest volcano, its 
leading saga-writer, its jazz 
funk group? 

And bow about the dtehes — 
do we still associate Iceland 
with chess, cod wars, fish. 
Vikings, volcanic er up tion s, 
whaling and alcohol prob- 
lems? fir you say yon stQl flunk 
of penguins, among other 
things, you dearly have never 
left the White House briefing 

The Russians of course are 
less able to judge, having been 
cloistered on their boat, super- 
vised by patrollittg frogmen. 
There has been littie frater- 
nizing with the Western press 
or the f defenders, to the 
chagrin of both. 

Their sain may be a hesita- 
tion by me Icelandic Govern- 
ment now to enforce its 
derision to reduce the outsize 
Soviet Embassy, which has 
mmore than 200 people and 
few apparent functions. Per- 
haps the affairs of the UN 
mission might make this now a 
little delicate. 

The press corps verdict is 
that Iceland, as a venue at 
least, is an extraordinary suc- 
cess an opinion coloured 
perhaps by some excellent 
restaurants, friendly taxi driv- 
ers, efficient telephones, ther- 
mal baths and visits to some 
fairly way-oat discos. 

“Much nicer than 
Switzerland," is the phrase 
that -has made the population 
purr, and raises hopes for an 
ann ual East-West get-to- 
gether to commemorate die 
spirit of Reykjavik. Only the 
participants, exhausted by 
their lfr-hour marathon all- 
night sessions or bargaining 
on arms control and. the pros- 
pect of imme-diaie flights to 
Brussels and the Far East to 
brief the allies, might hope for 
something a little less hectic in 
■Washington or Mosco w. 

nuclear testing: Mr Lany 
Speakes, the White House 
spokesman, said the President 
-was “hanging tough" and had 
presented the US positions 
forcefully. As a result, yes- 
terday morning's session was 
90 minutes longer than 

‘ But as the two leaders were 
arguing it out in the littie 
negotiating house by the sea, 
Mr Speakes became the centre 
of another battle between the 
superpowers as they at- 
tempted to influence opinion 
and perceptions. 

In announcing the fourth 
meeting, the White House 
spokesman vigorously de- 
nounced what . he called a 
“flagrant and open violation** 
by the Soviet side of. the 
agreement to maintain a news 

Apparently furious at re- 
ports from Moscow that a 
breakthrough was in tight, be 
said he hoped the Russians 
“were not engaging in propa- 

ganda to bring pressure on us- a qnfliag Mrs Raisa Gorbachov offering a box erf chocolates to a young Icelandic girl during ho* tour of Reykjavik by 
over arms control". motorcade yesterday. The irirl declined the present (Pbotojp’aph: Graham Wood). 

The Russians — and other - 

American reporters — were 
furious with Mr Speakes after 
tracing to him die unattribut- 
able source which led The 
Washington Post and The 
New York Times yesterday to 
announce that Mr Gorbachov 
had brought new proposals 
and that progress was being 

Somewhat defensively, Mr 
Speakes also said he had 
complained in writing to Mr 
Gennady Gerasimov, the 
Soviet spokesman, about' the 
press conference on Saturday 
at which Mr Geoigi Afbatov 
criticized as a “trick" Mr 
Reagan's compromise with 
Congress on arms control 

given visas 

Vancouver (AP) — Inna 

Ta rjinlrin, the Russian ennrart 

pianist now living in Canada, 
says she has been told that 
Soviet authorities have agreed 
to let her mother and grand- 
mother emigrate after nine 
years of refusing exit visas. 

“It’s very exciting — yon 
can't imagine how I feel," Mrs 
Zarankin, aged 33, said. 

Mrs Zarankm said she was 
told Soviet officials have 
promised to issue exit visas to 
her mother, Nusya Markov- 
skaya, SS, and her grand- 
mother, Dora Markovskaya, 
77. Her father died last year. 

Raisa Gorbachov’s winning image 

From Christopher Walker 

In the glaring absence of 
Mrs Nancy Reagan, un- 
satisfactorily explained by 
embarrassed US officials, the 
Reykjavik summit handed 
Mrs Raisa Gorbachov another 
storming victory hr the Soviet' 
effort to change its image in 
the outside worn. 

. At times erudite, amiable 
* and gracefully accommodating 
to the pursuing news men , the 
53-yearHdd Fust Lady also 
used the programme arranged 
for her to defy the rumblings of 
discontent at home about her 
expensive do thing and jet-set 

y p[w»aranff . 

Her remarks also helped 
provide her husband with a 
more human one of the 
Hifof aim* of the well-ofled 
Soviet propaganda machine. 
Asked pofartej&y if the couple 
minded having to sleep on a 
Russian ship in a Mastery 
Icelandic harbour she replied 
with a smile: “No, it is rather 

' Even the bariy KGB guards 
Hptailgd id accompany her 
motorcade through Reykjavik 
and to remoter areas on the 
volcanic island appeared on 
their best behaviour, un- 
characteristically handing out 
Russian sweets to reporters 
ami even lifting op small, 
children to give a 

glimpse of thefr charge. 

By last night, the Icelanders 
in charge of her hastily- 
arranged toar, ranging from an 
open-air geothermal swim- 
ming pod to a church farm run 
by an Icelandic anti-alcohol 
campaigner, were co m pari ng 

her performance to that of the 

Princess of Wales, also a 
favourite here. 

At the city’s largest outdoor 
pool, Mrs Gorbachov chatted 
with the pink-skinned swim- 
mers in the steaming waters 
and told them bow much she 
liked the country. As she left 
to go on to the institute which 
houses 13th century manu- 
scripts of the sagas, the hardy 
bathers gave her a sponta- 
neous round of applause. 

“I just cannot understand 
why the Americans did not 
bother to send Mrs Reagan, it 
has done the i r Image no end of 
harm,'* one Foreign Ministry 
official said. “The reason they 
ve to ns was that she was too 
to make the jommey, but 
frankly I do not believe it. 
Perhaps they were frightened 
of bong upstaged." 

In answer to repeated ques- 
tions about tire absence erf the 
President's wife, US officials 
said that they had been sur- 
prised by Mrs Gorbachov's 
decision to accompany her 
husband and noted with a 
tonch of aridity that the Soviet 
leader had originally proposed 
tire weekend meeting as a 
working session. They denied 


anything was amiss with the 
First Lady's health. 

Mrs Gorbachov showed a 
sure talent for diplomacy when 
fielding questions about Mrs 
Reagan's absence, as sire did 
with others an potential sen- 
sitive Issues — such as the 
exact date she would be going 
to Washington for the next 
summit Asked about Ice- 
land's thriving tradition of 
democracy after sbe had 
toured the local- Parliament, 
Mrs Gorbachov responded 
without hesitation: “One has 
to think about these things a 
bit Do you have an opinion?" 

Observers from Moscow 
noted that Mrs Gorbachov 
appeared unflustered as a 
result of the recent whispering 
campaign there about what 
some Soviet Communists al- 
lege b ho- over-opulent life- 
style: Soviet sources say she 

.on Saturday when she told 
reporters that she had given 
up her teaching post in the 
philosophy department of 
Moscow University. “I was 
working and teaching in the 
sciences, I have stopped teach- 
ing but I do not forget my 
saeatrfic interest Now I 
spend a lot of time with the 
family and with the General 
Secretary (of the Communist 
Party) on his travels." 

Mrs Gorbachov was care- 
fully groomed for her tours 
and handled tire Western me- 
dia with more poise than in the 
past Chi Saturday, she 
changed her outfits four times, 
indicating that criticism in tire 
French Press about her wear- 
ing the same dress to two 
separate functions in Paris in 
1985 bad been noted. 

Icelandic women, no mean 
fashion experts despite their 


Reykjavik f Reuter? 
Coastguards from an Icelandic 
gunboat boarded and seized a 
Greenpeace protest dnp yw- 
terriay as it tried to sad nito 
Reykjavik harbour, . a 
Greenpeace spokesman said. 

The gunboat Tyr rammed 
the Sirius as its crew uttftnkd 
a peace banner, ho sakL Them 
was slight damage to the tow. 
railings, but there were : no 

A coastguard spokesman 
denied that the vessel was 
rammed: “The wa 7 Ship* 
slightly touched each other 1 * 
sides, and 12 Coastguards 
then went aboard Sirius" be- 
cause the harbour was dosed 
to all unscheduled ships. 

Greenpeace said the crew of 
12 were arrested. Coastguards 
escorted them and the ship to 
a fishing port south of 

Two tdeviaon- men on 
board were also arrested after 
being ordered to stop filming 
the Lncident, the spokesman 
said. - ■■ 

The captain ofSirins. Mr Ed 
Engle, denied that he planned 
to berth in the harbour apd 
said the crew intended ontyto 
unfurl a banner saying “The 
world demands, a test bur 

“This is an appalling over- 
reaction to a peaceful voyage 
purelv aimed at drawing atten- 
tion xo die need ibr a com- 
prehensive test-ban treaty," 
die Greenpeace spokesman 

The crew had sought meet- 
ings with the US and Soviet 
delegations in Reykjavft but 
had received no replies. The 
Sirius will sail back to Amster- 
dam early next week. 

West German 
protest at 
cruise base 

From John Extend 
■ Bob* 

More than 100,000 peace 
movement demonstrators 
held a rally near Koblenz oo 
Saturday in protest against the 

praise for Mrs Gorbachov's . no incidents, and the potion 
dress sense. . One outfit 
particularly admired wax a 
pleated black wool dirt wont, 
witb.ainrqsoise sift Moose, 
black suede boots,' crystal ear- 
rings and a striking three- 
quarter length stiver fox 

“Single-handedly, she has 
done more than anyone here to 
dve ns a better impression of 
fife in Russia." one woman 

dowdy image of Soviet women 
in foe same way that her 
husband has met “resistance" 
to his reform programme. 

Although Mrs Gorbachov's 
pnMk role is much greater 
than that of previous Soviet 
first ladies (no one was even 
certain that Yuri Andropov 
was married until his widow 
attended his funeral), parts of 
her famil y background still 
remain shronded in traditional 
Soviet secrecy. 

A tittle of that was removed 

praised the demonstrators for 
their disciplined behaviour, - 

The protesters marched in 
-two columns to the building 
site of a cruise missile base at : 
Hasselbach, and later gathered^ 
jn the village of Bell to hear' 
speakers condemn the mis- 
siles. Peace movement of- 
ficials claimed 180,000 took 
part in the rally. About 5,000 
policemen woe on duty, bat 
stayed out of sight. - 

Nato wins a round but the series continues 

Politics rules in INF chess 

From Frederick Boaxrart, Brussels 

At the heart of the Reyk- 
javik summit has been an 
arms control agreement in 
outline on intermediate-range 
nuclear forces (INF), after a 
long-drawn-out series of chess 
games m which Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov, the Soviet leader, 
has acknowledged a Nato 
victory. But it is unlikely to be 
the last game. 

To understand it, it is 
essential to realize that 
nuclear weapons in general 
and INF missiles in particular 
are essentially political. 

This special series of games 
started in 1977 when the 
Soviet high command began 
deploring SS20 missiles. 

Although the Soviet side 
called this a mere moderniza- 
tion of their SS4 and SS5 
missiles, the introduction of 
comparatively small three- 
warhead mobile missiles, with 
a range of just under 3,000 
miles, was a fundamental 
change which challenged the 
East-West nuclear balance. 

This balance had been rec- 
ognized fry the United Stales 
and the Soviet Union. 

In May 1972, the first 
strategic arms limitation 
agreement (Salt I) was signed, 
and negotiations for further 
limitations began in Novem- 
ber that year. But they dealt 
specifically with strategic mis- 
siles with a range of more than 
3.000 miles and were based on 
the strategy of mutually as- 
sured destruction. 

When the SS20 deployment 
started, therefore, several 
European leaders, in particu- 
lar Herr Helmut Schmidt, 
then West German Chan- 
cellor, pointed out that Europe vulnerable to 

credibility, it was simply not 
credible that an American 
president would trigger the 
certain destruction of his 
country by launching a strate- 
gic nuclear strike on the Soviet 
Union in a case where Ameri- 
can territory was. not under 

It therefore became likely 
that the two halves of the Nato 
alliance would become un- 

Nato military staffs worked 
on an answer and came up 


Cnna B 
West Germany — 96 108 

Britain — ; ISO 

Italy — 112 

Belgium., 48 

The Netherlands-. 48 

TOTAL 464 108 

Now deployed: — 256 108 

SS 20 Deployed 

1977 . 



1980 - 

1981 . 

1982 - 

1983 ., 

1984 - 

1385 - 

Presant Wat- 


„ 70 





— — 378 



— _ — . — 441 
(T.324 watfteads} 

with a mix of 108 Pershing 2 
ballistic missiles (1,000-mile 
range) and 464 cruise missiles 
(1,500-mile range) to be de- 

ployed in Europe. 

an uncounteTed 
- In a eamtfwh 

Soviet threat 

) pean solidarity was 
considered essential. -so de- 
ployment had to be in several 
member countries. 

West Germany agreed to 
take all the Pershing 2 and 
some cruise missiles; the 
remainding cruise were to go 
to Britain. Italy, Belgium and 
The Netherlands- 

^-Thfyrifriopn.w^t; jaVtm a*.a and Mid 

Nato Council meeting in Brus- 
sels in December 1979 and 
brought vociferous protests 
from the Soviet Union and its 

At the same time SS20 
deployment continued stead- 
ily in the western Soviet 
Union, as well as beyond the 

From 10 SS20s deployed at 
the end of 1977, the total, had 
risen to 360 by November 
1983, when the first cruise 
missiles arrived at Greenham 
Common in Britain and the 
first Pershing 2s at Mutlangeo 
in West Germany. 

Arms control efforts went 
on in parallel with deploy- 
ment. INF negotiations had 
began in Geneva in Novem- 
ber 1981, triggered by a speech 
by President Reagan. 

Various proposals, such as 
President Reagan's “zero 
solution" and the Geneva 
“walk in the woods" com- 
promise by senior negotiators 
in July 1982. all foiled 

So did the Soviet propa- 
ganda campaign. 

When the Pershing and 
cruise deployment began in 
November ‘1983, the Soviet 
side walked out of negotia- 
tions. It took a summit meet- 
ing to get them going s pun 

If, as now seems likely, the 
two sides agree on a limit of 
100 INF tyarheads each in 
Europe, and proportionate 
restriction of their potential in 
the eastern Soviet Union and 
the US, the “zero solution" 
will have been brought nearer. 

No doubt many will heave a 
sigh of relief, -and, indeed, a 
match will have been won by 
the West 

The seriesis by no means at 

Search for 

Paris— Frogmen have made 
an unsuccessful search of the 
River Ranee near Dinan in 
western France for the bi- 
cycles or belongings of the two 
British teachers, Lorraine 
Glasby and Paul Bellion, 
found murdered outside Di- 
nan 10 days ago Susan Mac- 
Donald writes). 

The. autopsy report has 
revealed that the couple were 
shot dead with' a hunting rifle 
at the spot where they were 
found lying in a maize field. 

Dhaka blasts 

Dhaka — Four people were 
killed and more than 100 
others wounded as a series of 
bomb blasts rocked the capita] 
city, police and hospital 
sources confirmed. 

Editor leaves 

Washington - Mr AM. 
Rosenthal, aged 64, is to leave 
his post as executive editor of 
The New York Times and is to 
be succeeded by Mr Max 
FrankeL, aged 56. 

New saint 

Rome (Reuter) — The Pope 
canonized Cardinal Giuseppe 
Maria Tomasi of Lampedusa 
at a mass in St Peter's at- 
tended .by 22 cardinals. The 
Cardinal, from Sicily, who 
died in 1713. gave up a life erf 
riches to become a priest. 

Gulf battle 

Bahrain (Reuter) - Iran 
said it had a commando force 
operating deep inside north- 
ern Iraq, while Iraq reported a 
new air blitz on Iranian oil 
and factory targets. 

Raid thwarted 

La Paz (AFP) — About 
6,000 people in an Amazon 
village where two alleged co- 
caine barons were bom pre- 
vented US soldiers and 
Bolivian police from carrying 
out -an anti-drug raid, official 
sources said here: 

War dead 

Paris — Thirty-two years 
after the war in Indochina. 
France has reached agreement 
with Vietnam for the repatri- 
ation of the remains of more 
than 25,000 . French soldiers 

World levy urged 
on home taping 

From Richard Wigg, Madrid 

Authors, composers and 
copyright holders from 60 
countries meeting in Madrid 
have called on governments to 
introduce immediate schemes 
to ensure they are rewarded 
for the “extensive and still 
growing” home taping of their 

Coinciding with the hun- 
dredth anniversary of the 
signing of the Berne Conven- 
tion oh copyright, the 35th 
Congress of the International 
Confederation of Authors and 
Composers, which ended on 
Saturday, highlighted the 
problem of artistic property 
rights in the face of the 
explosion of reproduction 

The authors, composers and 
songwriters want a scheme 
imposing a levy, or royalty, on 
the sale of blank tapes and 
audio or video tape recorders, 
with the proceeds being allot- 
ted by their professional 

Such a scheme was pio- 
neered by West Germany 20 
years ago. In Britain the trade 
is now expecting similar leg- 
islation to be introduced in 
Pari foment this autumn. 

Six times more hours of 
music are being taped than are 
sold as records, according to 
the estimate given to the 

Congress by Mr Denis de 
Freitas, chairman of the Brit- 
ish Copyright Council 
• In the UK, he said, 18 
million adults regularly copied 
from the radio or records and 
73 per cent of British homes 
had tape recorders. Figures for 
video film home taping ip- 
dicated similar proportions. - 

Another estimate, basal on 
tile German experience, sug* 
gests that authors and" 
composers in Europe would 
earn an extra £35 million to' 
£70 million each year ff a 5 per 
cent levy were put mo hard*, 
ware and 10 per cent on tapes. 

M . Jeap- Loup Toumier, 
president of the International 
Copyright Society, attacked 
what be ca lied “the powerful 
lobby, of tape producers, es- 
pecially in Japan, the United 
States, Germany and The 
Netherlands”; • 

The day the Congress 
opened Spanish police made 
their biggest seizure yet of 
“pirate" video films, with bn 
estimated value of £20 million. 

In a house on Madrid’s 
outskirts police found 502 
master films, 1,600 empty 
films, and more than 5,000 
tapes , plus, extensive 
reprod uction equipment. An 
electronics technician was 

French silent 
on Israel atom 
deal report 

From Susan MacDonald 

Neither the 0ys6e Palace 
nor the Prime Minister’s office 
had any comment yesterday 
on the Sunday Times report 
that France had secretly sup- 
plied Israel with the technol- 
ogy to make nuclear bombs 
during the 1950s. 

A Ministry of Defence 
spokesman said they were 
studying the report. The for- 
mer head of the French 
nuclear weapons programme. 
Professor Francis Perrin, was 
quoted in the Sunday Times 
as saying that France and 
Israel worked closely at the 
end of the 1950s on develop- 
ing the atom bomb. The secret 
exchange was kept from the 
Americans, he said, because it 
contravened a US-French 

Miss Liberty 
is ‘married* 
to Columbus 

New York (Renter) - The 
Sjaftw of Liberty, the guardian 
** Near York harbour that 
sri”***^ freedom to mfl- 
lions of immigrants, was 
2™°**=*“* wed yesterday to • 

of Christopher 
Cohmrtws m the Spanish dty 
of Barcelona. 

» w«* part of 

the ravefl^of iv^ Liberty 

birthday (rfthe 
3™ toonnment to Chris- 
topher Columbus. 

Mr Edwtni 
Koch, the Mayor acting as 
proud father of thTbride, 
“““raced "an imaginary 
wedding" to symboS Xe 
ltaks between New York an& 

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1 985 and MayJ986inconnet> 
hon with El Salvador," Mr 

The survivor of the plane 

an American ami 45, said in 
Managua on Thursday that 

^“,8®?? ^tdljence Agen- 
cy (Qa) had co-ordinated an 
operation that included flights 
tron\a Salvadorean air base to 
arm the Contras. The Reagan 
Administration and the CIA 
nave repeatedly denied any 

Mr Bush, a former CIA 
director, on Saturday acknow- 
ledged that he had had talks 
with one of the men Mr 
Hasenfus and American, news 
reports have implicated in the 
flight — Mr Mas Gomez, a 
Cuban - Amen can — but only 
regarding Mr Gomez’s opera- , 

Police hunt 
killers of 
Bonn aide 

From John Enghind 

A nationwide police search 
for two . terrorists who shot 
dead a senior West German 
Foreign Ministry official in 
Bonn on Friday night re- 
mained ' unsuccessful yes- 
terday, despite '60 tips from, 
the public. - 

The victim was Dr Gerold 
von.Braunmuhl, aged 51, who 
was. chief of the Ministry's 
politick department and a. 
dose aide of Herr Hans- 
Dietrich Gcnschcr, the For- 
eign Minister. 

Dr vonBraunmuhl wa&sbot 
four times- by a masked man 
after getting out ofa taxi. that 
had taken him from the - 
Ministry to his house in 
Ippendorf- He collapsed and 
died after trying vainly . to flee 
from the gunman. ■ • 

The taxi driver, who was 
unharmed, told police the 
gunman and another masked 
roan drove off at high speed in 
a late-raodel red Opel Kadeo. 

A six-page letter found near 
the murder scene claimed it 
was the work of ihe Red Army 
Faction's “Commando Ingrid 
Schubert" Frau Schubert was 
a Baaden-Mtinhofgang terror- 
ist who committed suicide in a 
Munich jafl in 1977. • 

The murder of Dr von 
Brautimuhl has sent a shock 
wave through Bonn because it 
was the first attack upon a 
leading figure in the capital 
Security men now believe the 
Red Army Faction will make 
attempts on the lives of top 
politicians during the cam- 
paign fbr die federal election 
inianuary. Herr Genscher is 
said to be one of the main 
targets on a hit list drawn up 
by the terrorists in September. 


Dr GeibW von Braunmfihh 
shot outside his home. 

[ His role was to hdlp the 

! Goverpracnt of H Safadbr 
[ P«f down an insurrection, put 
gown a Maraist-kd^olm- 
[ ron,” he said. 

Mr Bush’s spokesman has 
■ gjso.saifl.' “Neither the Vice- 
, ™went nor any one of his 

- Sian ic rlinMiw. — _ * 

; J^^operatton in Central 

: ^ T hc . air - supply operation 

"3s stirred strong Cbngres- 
1 sional protests since the plane 
was shot down. 

•.MANAGUA: Mr Hasenfus 

will stand trial in a rervolu- 
nonary “popular tribunal," 
President Ortega of Nicaragua 
said on Saturday (Reuter 

He raid Mr Hasenfus had 
been engaged in “acts of 
terrorism promoted by the 
United States” against Nica- 
ragua ,and was a victim of 
what he called Washington ’s 
illegal policy of funding theso- 
caUed Contra rebels. 

US to aid 
Delhi on 

From Michael Hamlyn 

Mr Caspar Weinberger, the 
US Defence Secretary, began 
discussions with the iwlfan 
Government at die weekend 
which coaid birag about a 
much closer reSatfoaship be- 
tween the vurid^two largest 

In talks with Mr Rqflr 
Gandhi, the Indian Prime 
Minister, which lasted Vh 
hours, Mr Weinberger under- 
took to help India to develop 
its weapon systems. 

“We think we can do it in a 
number of ways," Mr Wein- 
berger. said, indudiug co- 
production agreements. 

He made a point of adding 
that. reBance on the Soviet 
Union for weapons s y stems 
broaght.witb it . a neat deal 
more than the owners manual: 
ft brought a great deal of 
influence. He did not say, 
though it is certaiaiy under- 
stood by observers here, Oat 
US influence on India might 
grow if Delhi hays American 

The Indians are keen to 
acquire jet e n g ine and radar 
technology. One item of in- 
terest is the so-called super- 
computer. The latest genera- 
tion of these devices lias a 
military application, but India 
psrticnlarly wants it to develop 
its understanding of the va- 
grant monsoons. 

America has been willing to 
supply it but only under 
stringent conditions to prereot 
the detailed technology frou 
tolling into Soviet hands. Indi 
has resented most of these 
conditions as an I n f ri ng em ent 
of its sovereignty, and Mr 
Weinberger has been seeking 
a way around this Impasse. 

“We don’t have a set of rigid 
roles for everbody that are 
unftbraly applfcai*,” he fold 
journalists. “We work in an ad 
hoc situation in each case." 

If India gets the super- 
computer it will be the 6rrt 
time it has been supplied to a 
non-Nato country, and the 
first in the Third World. The 
actual conditions would be 
worked out by teams of ex- 
perts, Mr Weinberger said. 

Observers here see his visit 
as an attempt to nudge India 
away from its dose relation- 
ship with the Soviet Union. 

Modai row 

From Ian Murray 

The planned handover to- 
morrow of' g ww imwif from 
Mr Shimon Peres, the Israeli 
Prime Minister, to Mr Yitz- 
hak StaznuVthe Foreign Min- 
ister, may pot now be possible 
because of the negotiating 
trace between the Israeli 
political parties which has to 
be observed today for Yom 
Kippur, die Day of Atonement. 

Although there is no serioas 
doubt that the handover win 
take place this week, several 
details hive yet to be agwwd, 
most importantly the future of 
Mr Yitzhak Modai,tbe cabi- 
net Minister who lost bis job 
in July for being consistently ; 
rode to Mr Peres. 

Mr Medal the liberal lead- 
er who, as Minister of Fi- 
nance, was in charge of the 
austerity policy which has 
dramatically improved the Is- 
raeli economy, was sacked by 
Mr Peres after having been 
shifted for insubordination a 
couple of months earlier to the 
nsn?J backwater of the Min- 
istry of Justice. 

Instead of retiring into 
oblivion, Mr Modal was thrust 
into the limelight because he 
had overall responsibility for 
the inquiry into Shin Bet, the 
counter-teteOigence agency, 
over its role in the killing of 
two Palestinians in 1984. 

From this prommesit po- 
sition Mr Modai attac he d Mr 


Scientist wary of Dounreay 

Norway fears UK 
nuclear accident 

From Tony Samstag, Oslo 

. A Cheraobyl-style accident 
in the proposed fast-breeder 
reactor at Dounreay could 
affect Norway as seriously as if 
an atom bomb had exploded 
over Britain, a Norwegian 
scientist has said. 

Great quantities of radio- 
active fallout, including pluto- 
nium, would be carried to the 
Norwegian coast, 250 miles 
away, by winds and currents, 
said Dr Johan Baarli, director 
of the National Institute for 
Radiological Hygiene. 

The most seriously affected 
pans of the country would 
have to be evacuated, and 
many Norwegians would be 
issued with gas masks. 

In a newspaper interview at 
the weekend. Dr Baarli Urged 
the Government to draw up ' 

contingency plans for such an 
accident if Britain persevered 
in the Dounreay develop- 
ment “We must be prepared 
for the worst; sabotage.” he 
said. “But it also follows that 
we must allow for an accident 
caused by human or technical 
failure. We are talking about 
radioactive contamination of 
fish, food and air." 

Contamination of food- ’ 
stuffs from plutonium would 
be at least a hundred and 
possibly a thousand times 
higher than that caused by 
caesium after Chernobyl 

Dr Baarli emphasized the 
need for an efficient informa- 
tion and publicity service in 
such an emergency, and for a 
network of radiation monitor- 
ing Stations. 

Mr Yitzhak Shamir waving as he arrives for talks with Mr Feres in Jerusalem yesterday." Swedes dash on fallout 

Pats and w*s dismissed. Now 
Mr Shamir is insisting on 
bringing him hack into the 
Cabinet, although Mr Peres 
says be will not save with a 
man who has been so rude to 
him in the past. 

A possible compromise put 
forward by the Labour Party 
has been rejected by Mr 
Shamir. Nevertheless it could 
stiB form the basis of an 

It involves reducing the 
over-large Cabinet from 25 to 
23, with Mr Modai being kept 

out and with no replacement 
being found for Mr Mordechai 
Gnr, the Labour Health Min- 
ister, who is refusing to serve 
at ad trader Mr Shamir. 

Labour Party leaders meet 
tomorrow morning to review 
the matter so it will not be until 
later in the day tint negotia- 
tions on the new government 
can be completed. This means 
ft is row BnUkeiy that Mr 
Shamir will be' able to take 
over fbr another day or more. 

Both leaders are pnbtidy 
committed to the handover. 

Church survey 
shows 8m 
poor in Spain 

Madrid — More than 20 per 
cent of Spanish families .are 
living in poverty, receiving 
less than the legal minimum 
wage of £230 a month, accord- 
ing to a survey by the Catholic ! 
Church. (Richard Wigg , 
writes). The Church investi- 
gators estimate a total of eight 
million poor people in Spain. 

From Christopher Mosey, Stockholm 

Sweden's Energy and Envir- 
onment Minister, Mrs Birgitta 
Dahl, yesterday clashed with 
the country’s Radiation Pro- 
.tcction Institute over the ef- 
fects on Sweden of heavy 
radioactive fallout from the 
Chernobyl explosion. 

Mrs Dahl angrily refected 
an institute proposal that safe 
radiation levels for food be 
raised from 300 becquerels of 
caesium 137 to 1,000 bec- 

This would free large 

amounts of condemned rein- 
deer meat for human con- 
sumption and save the 
Government millions of kro- 
nor in compensation to the 
Lapp community. 

“If the institute wants to 
raise levels, that is their 
business," Mrs Dahl said. 
“But there is no reason to 
change. No one must ever be 
given grounds for thinking 
that we put economic consid- 
erations before public health, 
security and safety." 

Five killed in Mother 
Teresa plane tragedy 

From Charles Harrison, Nairobi 

Mother Teresa, ihe 

Catholic missionary awd 76, 

continued her lour of Bsj 
Africa yesterday after ewaptim 
unhurt when a light aircraft 
slewed off the rough airstrip at 
Hombolo, near Do^oma m 

central Tanzania, nui« 

jurat of Dar es Sabanu on 
Saturday, killing five people in 

the crowd lining the austnp. 

The dead were 
aged Sand 12, Sister Sereta, 
ait Indian missionary nun. we 
director of a leprosy <*nms. 



U Was gathering speed jor 
takeoff andhe was unable to 

lift it over the . cr P w i ... 

Two were injured b> ure 

“Siother Tens* «««** 


but later decided to continue 
and flew to Tabora. western 
Tanzania, where she attended 
a ceremony at which seven 
members of her Missionary 
Sisters of Chanty took then- 
first vows. 

Mother Teresa anived_m 
Tanzania test pirsday from 
Khartoum, where she had 
planned to travel to the fam- 
ine-hit areas of the southan 
Sudan. She was unable tenant 
the famine areas because the 
food airlift from Khartoum 
was delayed. 

She expressed her deep 

concern about the femme situ- 
ation in the Sudan, and said 

she planned to set up a centre 

in the south to care for some of 
the victims. She offered pray- 
ers in Khartown for the 
victims of the three-year-old 
cjvji war in the southern 

Later this week Mother 
Teresa is due to visit Kenya, 
where her order is already 
working among destitutes and 
other needy people m the 
Mathari Valley, one of the 

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■ W;^ 


•. V 

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The Pioneer Multiplay CD 
player? are the first in the world 
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Any one of these machines can 
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music. You can programme it to 
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Itzhak Perlman / Israel Philharmonic 
Orchestra. EMI 

iHt iiMfcS MUNJUAY OClObEK U iy *6 


Building jin Britain for the start of his 1986 world tour, B.B. King talks to David Sinclair 

b,o cks I King of the 


road — and 

the blues 

"Hie public art anuandv 
PDderst anding.*’ proYS 

ticSmrf Rours, designer of 

.** noiest «*•*> 

Norman Foster, who alm o st 
K»t the dunce to “improve" 
Broadcasting House, joined 
t™ to agreeing that the city 
would benefit greatly from 
Sffietr Dan Dare megalomania. 

Tbtte was just time for 
Kingsley Amis to pose ontsfde 
Dylan Thomas's Swansea 
home and commend him as the 

Ram bo of Cwmdonkin Drive 
(some mistake?) before we 
were back with the voting 
devils of Redbrick (Channel 
4). This series, following the 
fortunes of students and 
at Newcastle University, has 
attracted attention as a “non- 
fiction soap"; in practice, this 
means that several flies on 
several walls have their views 
spliced together to mimic nar- 
rative structure, (it used to be 
known as editing). Thus, shots 
of students frolicking in the 
surf were intercut with shots of 
staff badgering away at a 
budgetary crisis: youth has fan 
while age has worries. 

- What the series certainly is 
proving Is that youngsters are 
much better at acting them- 
selves for the camera than are 

last night brought a rare 
gem in The Good Doctor 
Bodkin Adams (BBC1), Rich- 
ard Gordon's version of a real- 
life Doctor to the Dock. It 
obeyed the conventions of 
what might be termed the 
Brown. Windsor school of tele- 
vision drama (murky interiors, 
spotless period motors) but 
Timothy .West's portrayal of 
the hypodermic-happy 
croaker was a signal triaaph 
of casting. The frog month, the 
squeezed eyes, the louche walk 
suggesting a kind of predatory 
sexlessness: this was Mr 
West's finest hour. 

^ his tour bus glides up the MI. 
B.B. King looks with pleasure 
through the softly-tinted glass win- 
dows. “Look at that beautiral beauti- 
ful countryside." he sighs. 

*t is a good job that King is still able 
to derive pleasure from such a view, 
for at tiie age of 61 he is continuing to 
average 300 performances a year. 

most of the travelling being done by 

Martin Cropper 

On this occasion be and his band 
are going from London to Newcastle, 
where they will open the current 
British tour at the 2,100 capacity City 


**I used to drive one of those," he 
says, seeing a tractor ploughing the 
land; and so he did, once he’d 
graduated from picking the cotton in 
the fields round his home town of 
Indianola. in the heart of the Mis- 
sissippi delta. 

“It was hard work," he continues, 
“but no harder than anything else. 
You accepted it as part of your 
responsibility and I took pride in 
being able to make an honest living." 

Such honest labour earned King 
$22.50 a week to start with, and the 
prospect of buying one of the $200- 
$300 electric guitars be saw in the 
pages of the Sears & Roebuck cat- 
alogues was rendered even more 
remote by the fact that there was no 
electricity in his part of town. 

How he went from busking on 
street comers to playing the Beale 
Street blues clubs of Memphis, 
cutting his first record in 1949 and 
eventually becoming the foremost 
extant blues performer in the world, 
is one of those rare stories of a 
musician to which the much misused 
epithet “legendary" may accurately 
be applied. He has recorded an 
impressive 67 albums and has no 
intention of retiring. 

.He sits at the front of the bus, 
where he has the clearest view, an 
expansive figure gazing through 
monogrammed brown-shaded 
glasses, his hands resting on the table 
in front of him. On his wedding finger - 
he wears a huge, diamond-studded 
ring wrought in the shape of a double 
B (for Sues Boy), a gift he received 
from a record company executive in 

He weighs 260 pounds, but from, 
the way he laughs about it he gives the 

impression that what irks him most 
about his weight is the bother of 
having to shop in specialist stores for 
his size 52 suits. King always wears a 
neatly-pressed suit on stage, as do his 
seven backing musicians, 

“i like to flunk that we look 
presentable," he says. “I used to wear 
jeans on the plantation. That's fine 
for on the street, but if you want to 
earn respect from an audience wear- 
ing jeans or whatever, you've got to 
look smart And that's the rules of my 

King's band is certainly one of the 
quietest most orderly troupes I've 
travelled with. King is no bullying 
martinet — quite the reverse — but 
they treat him with deep respect 
especially in the presence of strangers. 

' It is another of King's rules that 
while touring at such length in dose 
quarters, they do not enter into 
discussions on religion, race rela- 
tions, politics or sexual matters; 
"These are arguments that you can't 
win." King sees the whole band as an 
ambassadorial team and any pros- 
elytizing is restricted to the subject of 
the blues. 

King's desire to introduce people to 
the blues borders on the messianic, 
and is one of the reasons he advances 
for maintaining such an in tensive and 
for-flung schedule. In recent years his 
band have travelled not just to the 
established rock markets like Japan, 
Europe and Australasia, but also as 
.for afield as Africa, Israel South 
America and the Soviet Union. 

But even a man of his diplomatic, 
forgiving nature would not contem- 
plate a visit to South Africa. "I grew 
up in the segregated South," be says, 
by way of explanation. "And it's hard 
for me to even tell you what it's like. 
There's been times when I wasn't 
allowed to go fn to buy a hamburger, 
and 1 could have bought the cafe." 

Among the many honours which 
have been bestowed on him. King has 
received three honorary doctorates — 
one, from Yale, being awarded at the 
same ceremony at which Gerald Ford 
was similarly honoured. Ford asked 
King for his autograph and according 
to King's manager, the former presi- 
dent is still a paid-up member of 
King's fan club. 

King is now a highly respected 
individual, but he re main* intensely 

Busing it: after thousands of concerts worldwide. King still enjoys touring 

aware of the needs and wants of the 
audiences that have put him where he 
is. One word of criticism in a review 
will set him thinking about whether 
he could improve some aspect of his 

He never decides on a fixed 
running order, preferring to sound 
out the audience with the first few 
numbers and then lean in whichever 
direction he judges they would prefer. 
He usually gets it right 

Divorced now for 16 years, he 
leases a place in Las Vegas for the few 
weeks that he spends "at home" each 
year. Although the current consensus 
among his 1 4 grandchildren is that he 
shouldn't be too hasty, be plans to 
many in the next five or 1 0 years, but 
is happy to be "dating" for the 

After the conceit in Newcastle, 
King sits in the dressing room, • 

Further tour dates: Tonight. Hippo- 
drome. Birmingham ; tomorrow and 
Wednesday. Hammersmith Odeon. 
London ; Thursday. UEA. Norwich : 
Friday. Fairfield Hails, Croydon: 
Saturday. Sheffield University ; Mon- 
day. Oct 20. St David’s Hail, Cardiff 


Royal, Glasgow 


Richard Strauss's domestic 
comedy cuts right across the 
central assumptions of 
romanticism, but since its 
mode is ironic, it demands a 
perfect achievement in the 
execution. Anything less and 
the contrived nature of the 
enterprise begins to seem a 
fault rather than the virtuoso 
feat it is. We want to see the 
conjurer pull off his trick with 
total mastery. 

At Glyndeboume it was so. 
Three years ago Felicity Lon 
gave a magnificent perfor- 
mance in the central role, and 
John Cox’s production moved 
smartly within the pastiche 

1920s vulgarity of Martin 
Battersby’s decors. But now 
the same production is less 
entrancing. The sets look 
dowdy and awkward on the 
larger stage. 

The orchestral playing, too, 
isses the glamour of this 

misses the glamour of this 
brilliant, if empty, score. Ste- 
phen Barlow presses his or- 
chestra hard at times, and he 
has many of the right ideas; 
the problem is that the violins 
are not up to Strauss's rapture 
nor the brass to his radiance. 

Another difficulty is that the 
theatre is simply too large for 
this entertainment Originally 
Intermezzo was given in a 
small house, and Strauss was 

understandably, adamant that 
every word of so conversa- 
tional a piece must be beard. 

At Glyndebourne it was, but 
in Glasgow there is just no 
possibility of catching every- 
thing — especially from the 
higher voices. Alan Opie, as 
the husband, sounds splen- 
didly sensible and sure, but 
Beverly Morgan, as the wife, is 
not so easily followed in her 
tantrumsJShe does not help 
herself 'by so much staccato 
singing in the upper register. 
When she relaxed more she 
showed a capacity for fine- 
toned seductive lyricism. 
Among the rest, Ian Caley is a 
suave Baron Lummer and 
Kate Flowers gets her laughs 
as the maid. 

Excess at face value 


Donald Cooper 

So Long On 
Lonely Street 
Palace, Watford 

Paul Griffiths 


Barber of Seville 


A lady poet in Sandra Beer’s 
play says "In the South, God 
help you if you aren’t Gothic" 
Too true. But Southern 
Gothic is tricky territory for 
the outsider. With a genre that 
thrives on excess, it is hard to 1 
know where mockery takes 

Featuring incest, suicide, 
long-concealed illegitimacy, a 
densely proliferating family 
tree and a centre-stage 

tree and a centre-stage 
coffined body. So Long On 

“ ST.JAMES’S— ■ 

8 King Street, London SWL M: 01-839 9060 
TUesday 14 October at llun. 

Wednesday 15 October at 1 1am. 

Wednesday 15 October at 1030am. 
Thursday 16 O ctober at 11 am. 


Thursday 16 October at llam. 


Thursday 16 October 230pan. 

Friday 17 October at 11 am. 


pickenhara Hall, • 

' South Pickenham, Norfolk 
The Property of Guy Murrain, Esq. 
Monday 20 October and Tuesday MOtaober 
at 1 1 am. and 2pm. each day 

Sheringham HftU, 

Upper Sheri n g ham , Norfolk 

it llam and 2pm. each day. 

for viewing 

Caroline Tnrftgame on 01-660 IMS 

Monday, October 20 at 6.45 pm 

ivu.utu*>7, v—’ — 

domus piano quartet 

p„no Quartets by Beethoven mdSchranma 

«**■« rn-vann 

It does not always follow that 
hyperactivity on stage makes 
for partial anaesthesia of the 
baton; but ft can happen, and 
in the case of Giles Havergal’s 
Barber of Seville it does. 

■ Since the production (in' 
conjunction with the Vancou- 
ver and Welsh national op- 
eras) opened at Cardiff in the 
spring, things have hardly 
settled. Russell Craig's lov- 
ingly detailed open-plan cross- 
section of Rosina's household 
is every bit as irresistible to 
the eye, but musically the 
produrtion is all too resistible 
to the ear. Rossini's music has 
to contend with both banter 
and a baton which tug merci- 
lessly against its every note. 

Clive Timm’s conducting is 
scarcely less laborious than 
Robert David MacDonald's 
translation: this is bandstand 
Rossini, tough on the singers 
and tougher still on the 

It is a pity, for Opera North 
has assembled a cast with 
considerable comic and stylis- 
tic potential. Harry Nicoll 
with his featherweight tenor, 
is not happily cast as Count 
Almaviva; but Beverley 
Mills's Rosina and Peter 
SaVidge's Figaro lacked only 
guidance in how to tailor their 
voices to their parts. 

David Wilson-Johnson and 
Give Bayley as Bartolo and 
Basilio seem to have more and 
better ideas of their own, and 
know well enough how to pick . 
up their cues from Rossini*) 
himself. Wilson-Johnson’s I 
Old King Cole of a Doctor is a 
masterpiece of comic timing, 
and this musically astute 
Basilio could give several of 
his colleagues a singing lesson. 

But they function m isola- 
tion. With each character a 
mere caricature, there can be 
little sense of personal iden- 
tity. Without this, they can 
hardly be expected to relate to 
each other. 

Lonely Street could be an 
exercise in mischievous pas- 
tiche. I take it at face value as 
it contains some characters- 
that defy mockery and others 
so funny as to defeat ridicule. 

The action centres on the 
death of old Aunt Pearl and a 
family get-together to learn 
the contents of her wilL There 
are the direct relatives, Ruth 
(the poet) and her brother 
Raymond, a soap-opera idol 
briefly in from New York. 
There are the local cousins. 
King and Gairice. with slen- 
der daims. but avid appetite, 
for the estate. Receiving the 
visitors is Pearl's life-long 
black companion, Annabel 

Humucutt and Protheroe, a sharp-edged partnership 

Lee, who is unswervingly 
convinced that the house be- 
longs to her. 

The point at issue is the old 
Southern question of heritage. 
Should the ramshackle estate 
foil into King's clutches and be 
bulldozed to make way for a 
shopping mall “for Christian 
merchants"? Or should it be 
patched up and restored to 
life? And. if so, by whom? 

Miss Beer steers away from 

examining what the heritage (a 
former plantation) represents 
— and is none too clear on 
what better use it could be pul 

But the action goes some 
way to answering these ques- 
tions by identifying the 
characters themselves as liv- 
ing embodiments of Southern 
tradition. King and his tyr- 
annously sweet-talking wife 
are direct descendents of the 
plantation bosses. Ruth and 
her brother are alienated 
Southerners. Annabel is the 
place itself, which can be 
redeemed or destroyed. 

As a first play (launched in 
Atlanta and going on -to 
Boston and Broadway) Lonely 
Street has some of the usual 
trademarks of cautious natu- 
ralism. it also shows a writer 
fully in command of her 
characters, capable of organiz- 
ing an elaborate dynastic plot 
and of manipulating both into 

comic situations while keep- 
ing a main argument on the 

By for the most interesting 
figure, Annabel (true to her 
origin in Edgar Allan Poe) 
contains two characters: her 
domestic self and a dream 
companion drawn from the 
Song of Solomon. And Gaire 
Benedict's performance richly 

projects both: at once a frail, 
stiff old lady, erupting into 
full-throated biblical cadences 
when possessed by her alter 

The siblings stimulate a 
lively, sharp-edged partner- 
ship from Gayle Hunnicutt 
and Brian Protheroe. perform- 
ing a guarded and gradually- 
accelerating courtship dance. 
King and his pregnant belle 
are accurately targeted by Lou 
Hirsch and Caroline Bliss. 

Irving Wardle 

Grand Edinburgh 
Fire Balloon 
Royal Lyceum, 

Were il not for extraordinary, 
radical pioneere like James 
Tytler. daily activities such as 
reading this newspaper would 
be unthinkable. Tytler 
sometime musician, math- 
ematician. writer., surgeon, 
chemist, mechanic and single- 
handed editor of the Encyclo- 
paedia Briuanica - also found 
lime to build his own printing 

Most importantly though, 
he was the first man in Britain 
to fly. Andrew Dallraeyer’s 

new play excavates this feet 
and the persistent, bad tem- 


.-***■— - — vp- 

and the persistent, bad tem- 
pered. 1 8th century inventor, 
from ' undeserved obscurity. 
Both.acts of DaDmevers play 

construction and release of a 
hot air balloon (impressively 
realistic) in Edinburgh's plea- 
sure gardens. This creates 
both a very concrete sense of 
spectacle and an arena 
through which a scornful 
cross-section of Edinburgh 
citizens can wander (still rec- 
ognizable today, as Hugh 
Hodgart’s production points 
out. by sometimes positioning 
characters round the audi- 
torium). and enables 
Dallmeyer to show the forces 
propelling invention and 
rebellion conflicting with 
those of restriction. 

The structure proves lim- 
ited: the entire story has to be 
told through two dramatic 
incidents - his two attempts 
to fly - and all other elements 
of Tyiler's life are woven in 
through exposition. The play 
soon acquires a rather monot- 
onous tread and static feeL 

As Tytler himseJC Stewart 

dimensional his crusty deliv- 
ery strongly conveying 
Tytler' s lonely exasperated ar- 
rogance, but not accommodat- 
ing passages of rebellious, 
visionary flight Were he per- 
haps more thoroughly a comic 
outlaw to the audience as well 
the tragi-comic nature of his 
life might strike home more 

Scenes that do take off are 
fascinating. There is a vivid 
encounter between Tytler and 
Politics, in the shape of Sir : 
Adam Maxwell (a splendidly i 
pompous Robert Carr), who | 
both attacks and illustrates 1 
Tyiler's theory that “gravity is 
the root of all evil". There are 
strong performances too from 
Ralph Riach as an Edinburgh 
lawyer. James Gibb as an 
officious park keeper, and 
Kenny KcKenna as Benny, 
Tyiler's long-suffering but in- 
triguingly loyal assistant 

Sflrahjj ^min | 

Organic growth 

greeting and autographing items for 
every member of the audience pre- 
pared to wait in a long queue to see 
him. This is a firmly established 
practice and tonight the procedure 
takes about an hour to complete. He 
genuinely loves meeting these people, 
thrives on their good wishes and pays 
unstinting attention to what they 
have to say. 

One gawky young lad asks him 
whether be enjoyed playing the show. 
King spreads out his huge hands and 
beams in wonder: "I enjoyed it so 
much they should have made me pay 
for a ticket." 

Most trades have their jour- 
nals; the' book trade has' an 
"Oigan". Ii is called The 
Bookseller. but is more about 
publishing than bookselling, 
and is compulsory reading for 
publishers, booksellers and 

It is owned and published 
by Whitakers, described by 
Anthony Blond in his The 
Book Book as an "enormously 
rich femily firm". It probably 
is. since over three years it has 
made a seven-figure loss in 
buying and selling a book., 
wholesalers —or else Anthony 
has been impressed by the 
Rolls-Royce in which the - 
father of the present chairman 
used to arrive for work. 

The Bookseller (circulation: 
20.000) was founded by Jo- 
seph Whitaker in 1 858 and for 
long after edited by a member 
of the femily. Whitakers also 
publish the main trade biblio- 
graphical tools and, of course. 
Whitaker's Almanack. • 

The first non-femily editor 
was a man called Edmond 
Segrave: clever, waspish. An- 
glo-Catholic and an intended 
priest, he sat in the chair for 30 
years and had an equal num- 
ber of close enemies and close 
friends. He had previously 
been sacked by Hememanns 
for an unspecified reason de- 
spite having once had his 
salary doubled for being the 
only person to notice that 
Fleur, Soames Forsythe's 
child, had changed gender 
from one instalment of the 
Saga to the next. 

Segrave retired in 1962 and 
was succeeded'by his amiable 
assistant. Philoihea Thomp- 
son. When Miss Thompson 
left. Haddon's sou, David, 
became editor and not long 
after succeeded his father as 
chairman. David — taciturn, 
slow to smile and speak — 
brought in an astute South 
African journalist. Louis 
Baum, to take over the 
editor’s chair, but continued 
to be the principal influence 
on the papers tone and policy. 

The Whitakers . - are 
paternalistic employers. They 
know best; they have sian- 


dards and IFie magazine re-" 
fleets them. Their success in 
doing this is the more surpris- 
ing in that Louis Baum has his 
own little coierie - which 
includes departing Cape Edi- 
torial Director. Liz Calder. 
and Matthew Evans, Faber 
supremo — who are all for 
livening up the paper but are 
mainly seen in the gossip 
column. Horace Bent's Diary. 

. The Bookseller has always 
delighted in anonymous 
correspondents and. Beni 
apart. '■ the other one that 
manages to get under critics' 
and editors' skins is Quentin 
Oates (according to Frank 
Delaney this is Philip How- 
ard. according to Philip How- 
ard this is Michael Geare, 
according Michael Geare 
this is Frank Delaney). Oates 
reviews the reviews, pitting 
John Carey against Mania 
Amis or Bernard Levin 
against George Steiner.Neariy 
all of the rest is record and 
straight reportage of con- 
ferences, reports and papers. 

But. we learn, change for the 
Organ itself is at hand. From 
Christmas onwards there will 
be a new formal and design. 
The price of each issue will 
rise by 20 per cent advertise- 
ment rates by much more. 
Most jobs in publishing and 
bookselling, except those at 
the very top. are advertised in 
The Bookseller. That is where 
the young and hopeful keep an 
eye open for their future 

The Bookseller, too. is 
where Australia and New 
Zealand read whole page ads 
for future books and are 
influenced to order them. 

So the major changes her- 
alded by Whitakers are aimed 
to show the young that they 
too are on the ball. 1 suspect, 
however, it will be largely the 
mixture of before with a dash 
or two of extra colour. After 
all the Whitaker tradition — 
ap'd 1 family — is still in charge. 

X. Libris 

Maedee Dupres 
The Place 


It is not enough to be a gpog 
dancer. Without the nght 
material, - to petfonB^even- 
someone as gifted as Maedee 
Dupres can make herself look 
silly, clumsy and inept as she 
proved in her programme for 
Dance. Umbrella on Saturday. *. 

She was giving two new • 
pieces, / Owe You the Earth. 
with choreography by Arianna 
Economou, caused a lot of 
giggles among the audience, 
but I fear it was not meant to 
be funny. The programme 
note for- said that it repre* 
sented some thoughts arising 
from the Idea of a journey;-! ■ 
suspect an underlying allegory 
about the plight of wimmin. 

Duprs walked around with a 
lighted candle, used a broom 
as a punt pole- or an oar, 
wrestled with her overcoat 
knocked over a chair, hid in a 
plastic bag. repeatedly 
plunged her race info a small 
bowl of water, and finally 
scattered sand or salt from a 
small case she had been 
carrying, Meanwhile she mut- 

tered. crooned- or -shouted i 
.saaps^pf unrelated phrases. 

- T '-remember Merce 
Cunningham. 20 years ago, 
dmhgmtfch more interesting 
funny or dramatic things with 
chairs, plastic bags and cloth- 
ing and making his dances 
full of movement at the same 
.'time. WKfcT-'a long way our 
francers have come to get 
nowhere. * 

About the other work 
Dupres gave. La Divina. 
words foil me. It purported to 
be part homage, part bio- 
graphical comment'- about 
.Maria Callas, but the trashy 
farrago 1 of posturing and 
prancing arranged by Kate 
Flau seemed an insult to the 
singer’s memory, the dancer’s 
ability and the audience's 

I was inclined to feel sorry 
for Dupres, saddled with such 
a nonsense programme, but 
was reminded that she chose 
to appear in iL She ought to 
know better. 

John Percival 


M * 





j . 









Bank of 




Goodbye to the golden days 

•The City has acqmred a whrfe 
new language in the nm-optothe 
Big Bang. Hoe are some of the 
words and their meanings: 
Qaat Walt an invisible bamer 
erected between two departments 
of the same company intendedto 
prevent conflicts of interest. Some 
daim to be able to see these walls, 
others sa y they are a figment of the 


designed to keep valuable people 
within the company. . 

Golden Hello: the opposite of a 
Golden Handshake. A tampn 
- np to six figures - designed to 
lore employees away mm the 

ISoIdeji^KfF unlocks the Golden 
Handcuffs - pays off people who 
are found not to be worth keeping. 

In two weeks’ time 
the Stock Exchange 
faces the biggest 
shake-up in its 
history. Beginning a 
three-part series, 
Bryan Appfeyard 
examines the impact 
and charts the 
origins of change 

Part 1: All change 

T he City is the square mile 
of London which ex- 
tends along the banks of 
the Thames from Tower 
Hill in the east to the 
Temple in the west and north to 
Smithfield and Liverpool Street. 
Its buildings are bigger, the streets 
cleaner and the sandwich bars 
slicker than in the West End. But 
down curious alleys still lurk, 
restaurants with bizarre customs, 
and pubs where people eat huge 
plates of shepherd's pie topped 
with a jumbo sausage, while 
jobbers weep into their beer. 

In these narrow passageways lie 
the last vestiges of the City's 
medieval legacy. Most of the 
wooden Gty was wiped out in the 
Great Fire of 1666, to be replaced 
by the stone baroque which domi- 
nates today. But an older, darker 
age still surfaces in the street plan. 

Until the 1980s, however, it was 
the Victorian and Edwardian era 
that ruled the area. It was then that 
the City became the centre of the 
financial and economic world. 
Global trade and capital flows 
were regulated through London. 
With the captive market of an 
empire and the dominance of the 
seas; the Gty was unchallenged. It 
developed an arrogance, a mys- 
tique and a snobbery to deter 

In effect, that arrogance pro- 
tected it through world wars. 
Labour governments and the de- 
cline of Britain. But in 1979 it 
became dear that the bluff was 
about to be called. For the Gty 
had been everything English, with 
its chop houses, fish restaurants, 
careful class distinction, but. most 
of all, with its quite stupefying 
degree of hypocrisy. 

The Gty believed in free trade, 
in open markets, in unfettered 
capitalism — for everybody except 
itself! In tbe past. Conservative 
governments had virtually gone 
along with this. Restrictive prao- 

GoSoi Handcuffs: payments de- 
ferred over a period of years 

Big deal: where die main deals 
will be done after the Big 
Bang at the end of die month 

Graphic by John Grimwade 

tices that would have made even 
the most regressive union baron 
flinch were tolerated, as they 
seemed quite good for the country 
and, besides, the City held the 

. But in 1976, Shiriey Williams 
had extended the power of the 
Office of Fair Trading to include 
■service industries and, two years 
later, it had begun to take an 
interest in the Stock Exchange's 
rule book. Finally, the 1979 
Thatcher government turned out 
less keen than its predecessors to 
protea ancient privileges. 

The Stock Exchange was on the 
skids. Nobody doubted that its 
rule book infringed both the spirit 
and the letter of the fair trading 
legislation. And, in the end. they 
were kept out of court only by a 
deal that accepted they could not 
win. Nicholas Goodison, the 
chairman of the Stock Exchange, 
and Cedi Parkinson, then Sec- 
retary of State for Trade and 
Industry, agreed they would not go 
to court but ' that the Stock 
Exchange had to implement all the 

rhang es that would have been 
forced on it in any case. 

Those changes have come to be 
known as The Big Bang and come 
into effect on October 27. Along 
with the vast range of associated 
changes that have taken place in 
the City, they represent the most 
radjeai and shattering transforma- 
tion ever experienced by our- 
financial community. They will 
affect everything from the way 
they dress in tbe City, to the style 
of the buildings and to the way we 
invest our money. Nobody will be 
untouched by the explosion. 

I n the old Stock Exchange 
rule book, traders in com- 
pany shares and Govern- 
ment securities (gilts) were 
split into brokers and job- 
bers. Brokers took orders to buy or 
sell from their diems. They then 
went to a jobber on the Stock 
Exchange floor and asked for his 
price, without disclosing whether 
they were buying or selling. The 
jobber quoted two prices — the 
lower one for buying and the 

•“Well actually,” said one 
banker, “a Porsche is a remark- 
ably cheap way of beeping some- 
body happy." 

But die word “cheap" Is relative. 
Salaries in die Gty axe now 
staggering. In the spate of pre- 
Bang mergers and takeovers in 
1984-5, experienced dealers be- 
came worth their weight-in gold. 
Tbe new groups tried, wisely, to 
pay most of their money in profit- 
related bonuses, so they trill not be 
tied forever to the astronomical 


figures they are paying out now. 
Nevertheless, the dealers, being 
dealers, did manage to negotiate 
guaranteed bonnses for the first 
two years. 

The system for the best dealers 
is to pay them a basic salary, say 
£50,000. Any investment bouse 
would expea a good dealer to 
bring in a gross income of five 
times his salary, and a great one to 

higher for selling. Tbe broker 
would find the most favourable 
price and execute the deaL 

Brokers made their money on 
commissions on each deal and the 
jobbers profited on their “spread” 
— the difference between their 
buying and selling prices. The 
client hoped to profit from gains 
in the share price. Membership of 
the Stock Exchange was strictly 
controlled and brokers' commis- 
sions were fixed on a sliding scale 
related to the size of each deal The 
typical small investor would pay 
1.65 per cent oh tbe first £7.000 of 
a deaL 

The system was antiquated, 
outrageously unfair and, for its 
members, a licence to print 

money. “If” commented one of 
the new Big Bang bankers, “tbe 
general public had ever found out 
how much partners in stock- 
broking firms were taking home 
every week, there would have been 
a Big Bang 10 years ago.” 

Since both brokers and jobbers 
could make money when the 
market was rising (a bull market) 
or when it was falling (a bear 
market) and since all of them 
operated a spectacular and largely 
hidden profits-reiated bonus sys- 
tem, the living was distinctly easy. 
Annual incomes running into 
several millions were not • 

The Big Bang proper is the 
moment when aU this is thrown 

out of the window. Market makers 
and agents no longer have to be 
separated. Membership of the 
Stock Exchange is thrown open 
both to foreigners and outsiders 
and commission rates are flexible 
— brokers will have to compete on 
the price they charge to investors. 

B lowing the Stock Ex- 
change sky-high may 
seem enough for one 
decade, but that is only 
part of the story. For. 
over the past 25 years, the Gty has 
managed to grab almost the whole 
of the biggest market the world has 
ever seen. 

This is the Euromarket, now 
more properly known as the 

Marzipan Boys: the takeover of the 
old City firms resulted fa- 
payouts to partners. But the laye» 
beneath the partners - those » h® 
actually knew how to make tbe 
money - demanded a slice of the 

32. This «* the M*™P“ 

layer, on top of the cate but brio 
the icing. It was to ptawte thtf 
layerdSt Chase Mmtitatton tank, 
in taking over wo London stock- 
brokeraThad to » oat and buy 37 
Porsches in one day. 

bring in seven times. If he suc- 
ceeds, he may earn a 100 per cent 
boons. So for £100.000. pins 
employment costs of around 
£25,000, the investment boose 
receives a gross income of 

Bnt those figures are just av- 
erage. A three-man dealing team 
can bring in a gros s income of 
“quite a few millions," with in- 
dividual dealers frequently earning 
as orach as £300,000-£500,000 a 

International Capitol Market 
Money ai this level becomes an 
abstrartion. Last wart Stock 
change turnover of S467 billion 
may seem a lot but in the same 

S eriod. Eurobond turnover was 
125 trillion and the Euro- 
currency deposit market turned 
over $2.75 trillion. This is what 
Labour politicians used quaintly 
to call “hot” money because it 
moved quickly — tail today all 
money is hot and it all moves- 
quickly. . 

The creation or the 
Euromarkets began after the Sec- 
ond World War when the Ameri- 
cans were running a huge balance 
of payments deficit It was said 
that they were buying up the 
world, which was not far from the 
truth. Their economy had grown 
in the war while Europe's had been 

The deficit meant that dollar; 
held by non-Americans were 
appearing everywhere. In the early 
Sixties, the movement of these 
dollars turned into a systematic 
market Some say it was created by 
the legendary Sir Sigmund “Srggy 
Warburg, others that the Moscow 
Narodny Bank found it had issued 
a Eurobond by accident Either 
way. it meant that the banks bad 
found ways of soaking up the 
dollars arid turning them into 
interest-bearing, tradable paper. 

Today. President Reagan is in 
the deficit business again, export- 
ing dollars in vast quantities. 
Meanwhile the Japanese, op- 
erators of the second biggest 
economy in the world, are running 
a huge surplus, and the mountains 
of Yen held in Japanese hands are 
flooding on to the capital markets. 
So. even if Reagan or his successor 
decided to control the deficit, or if; 
the dollar declined seriously - as 
many now think is likely — the 
capital flows would continue. 

Fora variety of reasons relating 
to tax, the law and our position 
between tbe two time zones of the - 
United, States and the Far East. 
London became the undisputed 
centre of this market. Had tills not 
happened, the Gty and its quaint 
institutions would have embarked 
on a long period of decline as a 
financial centre. Our domestic 
capital markets, now accounting 
for only around 8 per cent of the 
world's total would have drifted 
into insignificance. But with the 
Euromarkets in our pocket, no- 
body could by-pass the City. 

’ (gTtow N— pipt n lid IMS 


The fear and 
the greed 
of the City 
money men 


H A f 

Ifou ’d like to buy or 
sell some shares but 
you’re not sure how to go 

about it 




Just go 
the doors 
of your nearest Midland 
Bank. Your investments 
couldn’t be in more 
experienced hands. 

Come and talk. 

Of phone 01-200 0200 for details. 


vrn-r'rv ■ 

The Afghan samurai 

His name is heard in the 
bazaars of the north-west fron- 
tier. Among the fierce tribes- 
men of Afghanistan, who have 
been waging a bitter seven- 
year war of attrition against. 
Russian invaders, his fighting 
prowess has become legend. 
He is Koshiro Tanaka, a 47- 
year-old former karate 
mslruaor from Tokyo, who 
has declared his own personal 
Jihad against communism. 

“I wish we had more 
Mujahideen like him.” said 
Jan Agha. a senior rebel 
commander in the Jagdalak 
Valley, a Mujahideen (holy 
warrior) stronghold 35 miles 
east of the Afghan capital 
Kabul “He is one of the best 
fighters we have.” 

I first heard of Tanaka in a 
carpet market in Peshawar, 
the north-west frontier town 
made famous by Kipling's 
stories. His was a name I was 
to hear many times again as 1 . 
searched for a rebel group 
which would escort me into 

By all accounts he was a 
disciplined, self-contained 
man. A man of few words who 
donned a track suit and the 

Koshiro Tanaka: one-man army 

head scarf of a samurai before 
he went into battle. When I 
met the strange, enigmatic 
"ferringi” (foreigner) he was 
all I had imagined: the very 
embodiment of the Samurai 
warrior of lore 

“All I want to do is fight, 
fight every day. We must stop 
the spread of communism 
otherwise the Russians will 
continue to invade weaker 
countries like Afghanistan,” 
he said in slow but clearly 
enunciated English. 

“I cannot understand Islam. 
It is very, very difficult for me. 
But I ant most impressed by 



1 Make happy (5) 

4 Light anorak (7) 

8 Alliance (5) 

9 Large ion (7) 

10 Boaster (81 

11 Rubbish pile (4) 

13 Identity certificate 

( 11 ) 

17 Buoyant platform (4) 

18 Amaze (8) 

21 Plait f7) 

22 Suttr($) 

23 Makes more intense 


24 Brazilian dance (5) 


1 Pump (6) 

2 Heather (5) 

3 Traitor (8) 

4 Not too literally 

5 Bloodthirsty (4> 

7 Excuse (6) 

12 Harsh (8) 


16 Si Vhus's Dance (6) 
19 Mohammedanism 


the Mujahideen's courage. 
They never asked for this war. 
They are fighting for their 
freedom and liberation.” 

Tanaka first arrived in 
Jagdalak in 19S4; he had 
convinced leaders of the 
Jammiai-Mslami (the Islamic 
Society) rebel group that he 
wished to join the 500 
Mujahideen who are based in 
the valley. • 

Twice married and with five 
children, he found the scep- 
ticism and opposition of his 
family harder to overcome. 

“My family and my friends 
don't like me being out here. 
They tried to stop me coming 
to Afghanistan but nothing 
they could do or say made any 
difference,” he said. 

Tanaka has undertaken six 
tours of duty in the Jagdalak 
Valley, which has been de- 
populated by savage Soviet 
aerial bombardment. 

When not raiding Russian 
outposts which guard the 
electricity lines to Kabul or 
ambushing convoys on the 
strategic Kabul to Jallaiabad 
highway, he often wanders off 
alone to scout Jagdaiak's ter- 
rain. a lunar-like landscape of 
arid, forbidden hills. river 
beds and narrow rocky trails. 

He exudes an aura of invin- 
cibility and Jagdaiak's 
Mujahideen, as superstitious 
as the rest of their country- 
men. are happy to have him as 
their talisman. Through him 
their feme spreads and such 
vainglory is an essential pan 
of Afghan life. 

“Next year I am 47 so I will 
npl be able to move -so fast.” 
he said. “I can only give the 
Mujahideen about one or two 
years more. The problem is 
not only an Afghan problem, 
it is one for all the free world.” 

It IS sentiments and actions 
like these that have helped 
make Koshiro Tanaka some- 
thing of a legend. Or at least, 
as one fellow guerrilla put it: 
“A one-man army.” 

Ttoviri RfAwna . 


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work in Dusseldorf. 

_Ours is tiie only service to give a 
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When will they ever learn? 

Truly there is nothing new in 
% jjfe» This article, originally 
wntten in 1925, proves that 

parents then were just 

* asperplexed and 

. children just as 

problematical as they t<vi n y 

“Anyjt«n observer of the times 
«*»<* tare failed to notice foatwe 
f* foe threshold of a^r«J 
fSS™* * waken “g. Apafhyud 
J2*? *** giving pbce to a 
wholesome and intelligent interest 
in the affaire of life, and abov^ll 
u the house. We believe that the 
time « ripe for a great new 
“gaane which shall worthily 
nee* the needs of foe home- 
keeping woman of today.” 

* So decreed foe first issue of 
Gw Housekeeping magazine as it 
made its way into the middle-class 
drawing rooms of 1922. (The first 
cover is reproduced above left) It 
was a statement of intent 
(bond instant success, and foe 

paUkation today of foe best of foe 

magaz i ne from its launch. ityHfl 
1939 lets os see why. 

The piece we reprint here, 
originally entitled Are Parents Any 
Use?, first appeared in March 
1925. The author, M Grant Cook, 
expressed a view as provoking now 
as it was then. 

• Ragtime to Wartime, the best of 
Good Housekeeping 1922-1939 
(Ebury Press. £9.95). 

P arents are always the sub- 
ject of much discussion. 
Should or shouldn’t they 
have children? Do they 
know anything about them? Are 
they the best people to look after 
them, or would children be better 
off in other hands? People who are 
not themselves parents, elderly 
aunts, friends of the family, 
schoolteachers and so forth, have 
no doubt at all about the answer to 
this question. Teachers, indeed, 
often feel that parents are not only 
no use, but positively dangerous. 
Even children, in this free age, are 
sometimes dissatisfied with their 
fathers and mothers, and parents 
are seldom quite contented with 
their sons and daughters. 

Being a parent at all is a gamble. 
Many parents are disappointed in 
their children. Where they hoped 
for curly hair and dimples, they get 
wiry lodes and angles. Where they 
would welcome obedience, gentle- 
ness and pretty behaviour, they get 
uproar and squalls and a hatred of 
washing. By this time everyone’s 
ancestry has got a bit mixed and 
no one can count on the appear- 

ance or character, of their off- 
spring. Arrogance, greed and 
dullness, which no parents can 
accoum for, may exhibit them- 
selves veiy early in the young. 
Little Isabel may have Aunt 
Anne’s small round eyes and 
tendency to rudeness; little George 
may display the least endearing 
traits of Uncle Albert, although 
these relatives have never been 
near the bouse: It is to the parents’ 
credit that they make the best of 
such trials. 

Mothers hitherto have had most 
to do with the children, and yet 
how seldom can they guarantee 
that a child win always be perfect 
in health, looks and conduct 
Nowadays mothers are more and 
more inclined to leave the moral 
and mental improvement of the 
family in the hands of specialists, 
while they improve their tennis 
and other games. Too few of them 
have fully realized that in order to 

Katrsflon by 8*»n lor tfw origtatf article 

halve the worry and double the 
pleasure — if any — of children, the 
co-operation of the elusive father 
should be sought and, indeed, 
insisted upon. 

Fathers seldom see anything of 
their children except at bedtime 
and in the holidays. The father's 
influence in most homes is con- 
fined to a few brief hours of play, 
during which time he makes 
himself the more popular parent 
by overlooking lapses of all kinds 
and so undoing the lessons pa- 
tiently taught by the mother. She 
should demand that the father 
take a home course at least once a 
year, during which time he should 
be constantly with his offspring, 
seeing them through the fractious 
days of convalescence after mea- 
sles. keeping order at table: Thus 
the male parent might realize with 

something of a shock that his little 
ones did not spend the entire time 
trailing clouds of glory and mak- 
ing naive and delicious remarks. 
Occasionally children say a naive, 
literal or logical thing that is very 
charming — but bow many things 
they say that are utter nonsense. 

F athers forced into unusual 
and prolonged intimacy 
with their nurseries, and 
anxious to add to their 
repertoire of quotations from 
Pamela and PetCT, are quick to 
find this out. and they are some- 
times unfairly annoyed about it. 
Shocked at finding themselves 
bored, they take to shopping and 
buy all the toys that they covet for 
themselves. Frequent presents 
seem to these misguided men ihe 
only way to keep things quiet and 

happy in the nursery. 
The immediate effect is 
satisfactory, but chil- 
dren who are “made 
happy" by too much 
indulgence and con- 
stant presents, are 
noticeably anti-social 
and selfish when they 
meet other children and 
can't have tilings all 
their own way. This is 
in a great measure the defect of the 
Montessori child or. one should 
more justly say. of the child whose 
mother has grasped, more or less, 
a few Montessori principles. Most 
mothers of young children have 
done this with the result that home 
life is freer and livelier than it used 
to be. One young mother rather 
nervously described herself as 
following “the Montorosso system 
or something, because everybody 
does it where I live”. It not ill 
expresses the jumble of ideas 
(often opposed to each other) that 
are tried on the post-war child. 

For example. Richard, aged 
three, is the child of “Monto- 
rosso” parents. They will go 
nowhere without him; they will 
deny him nothing for fear — as 
the^' explain — of rousing in his 
three-year-old breast feelings of 
injury and resentment which they 
would have no means of allaying. 

Between Richard and a com- 
mon or garden “spoilt brat" there 
is little difference to be discerned. 
Richard clamours for a slab of 
pink coconut sugar, in the high 
street, at 1 1 in the morning and. 
lest his little subconscious be 
irreparably damaged, his father 
rushes in to a grubby little shop to 
buy it for him. Richard wants an 
the toys at his own party and the 

other children are urged to give 
them up. for the good of their 
characters. Richard does not want 
his bath, or wants to blow a;: 
trumpet at six in the morning, or - 
sits in a puddle. 

I t is characteristic of earnest 
“Montorosso" mothers that 
they are quite, careless of the- 
rights or inhibitions of othec 
infants. They hope that Richard- 
will never blame them for any-l 
thing, but it is more than likely* 
that the feelings of injury anal 
resentment may be retroactive." 
when the grown man finds that he" 
can’t have everything he calls for, 
and has a digestion ruined by- 
coconut bars. 

Are parents in general, then, any 
use? They never learn from experi- 
ence — or. at least, they never leant 
much — and they have no fixed" 
standard at which to aim. They 
invariably inspire in their children 
a determination to bring up the 
next generation quite differently.- 
And yet. there is no getting over 
the fact, children like their parents 
almost always and overlook their 

But if the component parts are 
so unsatisfactory, why trouble to_ 
preserve this particular social" 
group? The answer is that al- 
though apart these single members 
are only tolerable, lei them but 
fuse into that unit which we calh 
the family and we have at once 
something irresistibly charming 
and precious. There is nothing else 
quite like the warmth and gaiety of; 
a real family. Their jokes, their 
squabbles, their way’s and cus- 
toms. have a quality that is at least 
as old as the race, and something 
in each of us responds to it. 

Sue Townsend was getting 
ready for her nine year old 
daughter's birthday party 
when she realised that she was 
going to have a heart attack. 

Cl £!_' ! I _ : 

did myself up," she says, “best 
knickers and all that. And I 
smoked a cigarette on the way 
because I knew it would be my 
last one for ages.” 

At the hospital her doctor 
told her “You are. at this 
moment, having a heart 
attack," as she was rushed into 
intensive care. 

“The pains were bad but I 
wasn't frightened at all at that 
point” she says. It was-ozriy 
£ when a well- meaning theatre ' 
assistant squeezed her hand, 
as the doctors were working 
on her heart, and moaned: 
“What must you be thinking 
now? How awful for you," 
that Townsend cracked. 

“I thought ‘My God! She’s 
telling me .I'm going to die' 
and I immediately feft very ill 
and panicky.” 

On lop of it alL she was 
worried about her daughter's 
party guests whom she was 
meant to be looking after. In 
the end. her doctor left her 
bedside to go round to her 
house, gave the little girls their 
tea and saw that they got home 

It is typical of the creator of 
m the lugubrious, soul searching 
schoolboy. Adrian Mole, that 
the whole experience is re- 
called with the same whim- 
sical mixture of farce and 
tragedy with which she views 
the world. 

Even so. the heart attack 
last March, following the 
discovery that she is diabetic, 
has persuaded 40 year old 
Townsend to take her own 
well being, at least, a little 
more seriously. 

“I’d been having these pains 
in my chest for ages but I was 
too busy to do anything about 
it." she admits. “Fd actually 
said to a friend *1 think I'm 
having a heart attack’ and we 

agony of 
aged 40 

Sue Townsend may 
have given Adrian 
: Mole fansa laugh, 
but the effort gave 
her a heart attack 

had both roared with Window on a changed workUSne Townsend looking forward 


She had. she confesses, be- 
come something of a worka- 
holic without realising it as a 
result of the success of her two 
Adrian Mole books. “I did 
everything anyone asked me 
to do," she says. “I suppose 
it’s a form of msecurity. but 
Fvc never been able to say 
‘No’.” But she has improved 

“I thought Tny God, 
site’s telling me Fm 

going to die 

9 99 

since her heart attack and now 
insists on sleeping on any 
proposal, usually before turn- 
ing it down. 

She has also lost weight, 
began taking exercise and cut 
down her smoking — anything 
up to 60 a day in the past “I'd 
become very boringand didn't 
go out much. I just worked. 
Now 1 really do feel regen- 
erated. I've started to live 
during the day as weB as work, 
and l think I've become a bit 
braver, too. It's quite a good 
thing to come near to death. 
Tm not going to go on about 

priorities but you do think ‘my 
God. you came near to it that 
time, girl’." 

It is four years since her 
acned brain-child first ap- 
peared in prim in The Secret 
Diary of Adrian Mole Aged 
13 K. Such was Adrian’s ap- 
peal that Townsend produced 
a sequel — The Growing Pains 
of Adrian Mole — the follow- 
ing year. Between them, the 
two books have now sold a 
remarkable 5 million copies in 
the English language edition 

They have been turned into 
an international stage play and 
television series and trans- 
lated into 16 languages includ- 
ing Russian and last Thursday 
a boxed version of the paper- 
backs. The Complete Adrian 
Mole , went on sale. 

After finishing the second 
book, she vowed to put Adrian 
on ice until 1992 when he will 
be 26. despite pressure from 
her publisher and the public 
One man wrote; “If you don’t 
write a third Mole. I will, and 
you can take me to court. At 
least m be happy in prison!” 

Townsend says: "There’s 
something almost distasteful 
about it because I know it 
would sell and I would feel I 
was cashing in on it It's an 
easy thing for me to do now 
and I just want to do some- 
thing different" 

What she is doing is writing 
a book about Britain's new 

“One man said he 
would write a third 
Mole if I didnV* 

“underclass”, the people she 
sees as the victims of the 
Thaicherite economic policy, 
but still in the same zany 
siylcSbe has also been 
commissioned to write two 
plays, one of them for the 
National Theatre. 

The eldest of three daugh- 
ters of parents who were both 
bus conductors, she grew up in 
Leicester — not far from the 
restored vicarage where she 
now lives with her husband, 
Colin, their daughter and two 
of Sue’s three children by her 
first marriage. Her 21 -year-old 

son is at university doing a 
honours degree in English and 
Politics — something his 
mother would have dearly 
loved to have done 

Instead she had babies, and 
a variety of jobs. But it was 
while she was working in a 
youth club that she discovered 
the inspiration for Adrian 

“The kids used to talk in 
front of me as if I wasn't there, 
saying things like ‘I can't live 
without her. Nigel’ or ‘My 
heart's breaking?. And all of 
them used to be Very worried 
about their mothers.” 

She is pleased , at the 
comparative riches that her 
books' have brought her. And 
there is also a limited amount 
of strictly monitored Mole 
merchandise. “He is. to a 
certain extent, a small 
business,” says Townsend. 
“Mrs Thatcher would be 
proud of him." 

Never having had any 
money in the past she had to 
ask her accountant to send her 
a “stiff letter” which is kept in 
her cash book. Anything she 
spends over a certain amount 
has to be passed by him first. 
She also has to let him know 
when she gives money away — 
something she is prone to do 
with spontaneous 

From Mrs A. Austin. 
Chandlers Ridge, Nunthorpe, 


The report by Jane Bidder 
(Wednesday Rtge. October 1) 
needs to be prominently dis- 
played in many GP*s surger- 
ies. How many women hare 
suffered foe menopaase in 
silence doe m some way to 
their doctor’s attitude? If the 
Dulwich Clinic was estab- 
lished 13 years ago, could not 
there have been better co- 
ordination with the regional 

Three doctors with dif- 
ferent views treated me. The 
first , made the wrong 
diagnosis, foe second told me 
I should “suffer a natnral 
menopaase" while foe third 
finally treated me correctly. 

I find it hard to justify foe 
feet that only two per cent of 
British women are under- 
going hormone replacement 

In spite of foe women’s 


movement and all it has 
achieved, we need another 
Marie Slopes to educate pub- 
lic opinion. 

From Mrs D. Briscalf, 

Soke Road. Silchester. 
Reading. Berkshire. 

Jane Lapotaire dislikes the 
word actress (Friday Page, 
September 26) and said “you 
don't have painters and 
paintresses". My hasbamTs 
great grandmother saved a 
long apprenticeship at Wedg- 
wood to become a paintxess. 
That profession & shown tm 
her marriage certificate-dated 

From Mr John Wilson. Clif- 
ford Road. North Berwick, 
East Lothian. • 

Penny Ptenick (September 
22) says that she wishes her 
God-daughter. Sabrina, to 
grow np to be a “beauty” 
because she observes that 

beautiful women “have more - 
fun than anybody else". She 
also says that the world gives - 
“gorgeous women a good time 
and . . . gorgeous women give - 
a good time to the world.” 

Would she would fed foe 
same if Sabrina were her own 
daughter? Would she be more “ 
concerned for her child's 
future happiness — foe likelt- * 
hood of which woald be * 
seriously imperilled by its “ 
being a raving beauty? Poor •* 
little Marilyn Monroe didn't - 
have much happiness, nor did - 
Helen of Troy. 

Penny dismisses, with ridi- 
. ode, the beautiful tines of 
W.B Yeats, whaeaube prays . * 
that his 'daughter ; may 7be\- 
granted beauty- but not « the"! 
sot to turn .heads, nor to * 
make her conceited, nor lose : 
her natnral kindness and-so 1 
never to find a true friend.^ 
“Rubbish,” she states.' One' 
hopes that little Sabrina has - 
good parents and Is not too * 
dependent on her Godmother 
for her spiritual welfare. 

She says that she is working 
harder on her current book 
than on anything she has ever 
done. “It's poetic but spare, 
realistic but surreal.” rite says. 
“I want everything. I want it 

Her heroine, a 39% year old 
housewife, leaves her family 
and nms away to London — 
something which Townsend 
subsequently discovered ac- 
tually happens in real life. She 
had no qualms about reaching 
40 herself “I tike being older," 
she says. “I love being a 
proper grown-up.” 

Sally Brompton 


The Complete Adrian Mole, 
by Sue Townsend, is published 
by Methuen at £4-25 

“My general 
appearance has 
improved enormously has my 
feeling of well-being” 

a eeuml fed “5 

people’s enjoyment of 

happier more reward^^^ ^ ^ ^ 

The Doctor, wh £ CRT he has become a 
practice was so - the 

££ rSSfift treaiment ander ,«h- 
complete thiscoopon or telephone 01-6366X96.^ ^ 

JRT without obfigatoon. 


Blonde heirs to every throne 

Once upon a time blondes 
meant Bardot Barbie dolls 
and barmaids. Now they mean 
Mrs Thatcher, Brenda Dean 
and — a recent recruit — 
Gfcoys Kinnock, who ap- 
peared at the La bom Party 
conference radiant with pale 
primrose highlights. Blendes 
have gone from Dumb to 
Demanding in a decade. 

I preferred it when blondes 
were what gentlemen pre- 
ferred before they saw the 
(fade and married brunettes. 
One could thea blame all one’s 
own mosse-brown problems on 
font damnable yellow hair. 

As long as blondes stayed 
dumb, the rest of as amid 
claim certain tenitoriesas our 
own. We were interesting, 
intemgenL incisive. Blondes 
missed ’planes, burnt the 
toast, let the bath overflow ami 
were forgiven in the blink of a 
bine eye. Brunettes typed out 
faultless timetables, turned 
out the perfect tomato mousse, 
wall-papered foe ceiling and 
were praised for their 

Bat a& has changed. The 
Organisation Bkwde has ap- 
peared on the scene and there 
are dark days ahead fm ihe 
dark-haired. Blondes have 
traded in their underwired 
bras and bias-cat jersey frocks 
for print btonses with pussycat 
bows and sensible shoes. They 
have scrapped the brea thl e ss 
gi gg le and the thrilUngly low 
whimper for the crisp command 



and belligerent utterance. 
Where blondes art concerned, 
there is no need to ekerduz la 
femme. She i$ right there, 
stage centre, running the coun- 
try, or planning to. The Blonde 
as Bossyboots is a universal 

Will we non-blondes have to 
change our act? Since blondes 
now run the show, must we 
team how to sit hack, ankles 
fecchittgfy crossed, confident 
that it is someone rise’s job to 
provide us with bed. board and 
charm bracelets. Will we have 
to pretend that we can't name 
foe entire shadow cabinet, 
switch from whisky .to pink 
champagne and invest insatm 
bed-sheets? - 

I hope not. I have spent so 

mufti rime learning how to 
stand oh my own two feet 
(when I was born, my mother 
took one look at my brown 
curls and started coa chins me 
far the 11+ ) that Idim’tfofak 
that I can manage this role- 
swap with a great deal of 

I have got used fin whistling 
for my own taxis, managing to 
open the door while carrying 
foe week's shopping and fell- 
ing for mot whose pension 
arrangements are dismally 


I don't have the stamina to 
learn New Brunette tech- 
niques like Mewing my 
oat of my eyes and waiting 
someone to bold my coat out 
for me before I can work out 
bow to get my arms in the 

Since blondes have afl 
graduated in setf-assertive- 
ness, will it now seem credible 
for them to play a whole range 
of parts that were once the 
prerogative of foe brunette? 

I should tike to see blondes 
cast as difficult, tempestuous 
women who over-reach them- 
selves: Madonna as Lady 
Macbeth? Faye Dunaway as 

Theseare anlflcdy scenarios 
Since, if these wicket ladies 
had originally been blondes, 
they would have been forgiven 
everything from regicide to 
double-dealing without one 
pale hair of their bead fading 
into harm's way. . 





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^ Practical advice for restoring cottages 




out now 

V * 



: t 

Aids: a task for the churches 

The lime has come for Christians 
to arrive ai a more considered 
attitude towards Aids. It is plainly 
a serious issue; neither the disease 
itself nor its fearful effects for 
human society are going to go 
away. Because the virus has been 
spread, at least until now. largely 
by two means - drug addiction 
and certain homosexual practices 
— ordinary reaction to its victims 
has generally been characterized 
by moral reprobation. Both prac- 
tices prompt widespread revul- 
sion. The disease is almost unique 
in modem society in attracting the 
kind of moral censoriousness that 
was once common in popular 
attitudes to “unclean" afflictions. 
The victims of Aids are contem- 
porary lepers. 

Some Christians, conscious of 
the seriousness of the disease, 
have felt almost instinctively for 
an enlightened response but have 
somehow failed to express a moral 
coherence. Mon, however, have - 
at various levels of awareness — 
condemned the victims of the 
disease for two related reasons 
that are thought of as resting upon 
a religious and moral basis. 

Aids has been seen, first, as the 
consequence of personal sin. It is 
the plague sent by God himself to 
punish those guilty of breaking 
moral laws laid down with consid- 
erable unambiguity in the Bible. 
Secondly, the disease is a collec- 
tive judgement on general social 
trends, a providential warning 
against a whole set of dispositions 
sometimes described as “the 
permissive society". Neither of 
these positions rests upon very 
secure Christian foundations. 

Compared with some of the 
things commonly done by human 
beings to one another in our 
modem world - political murder, 
social selfishness, personal cruel- 
ties — sexual activity between 
homosexuals will scarcely seem of 
such grievousness as uniquely to 
have elicited from the Divine the 
dreadful affliction of Aids. If it is 

condemned in the Bible, further- 
more. so are a range of sexual and 
other practices, such as inter- 
course outside marriage and di- 
vorce. whose frequency and social 
acceptability are now often un- 

It is. again, difficult to see why 
relations between sexually active 
homosexuals should be regarded 
with such additional moral horror 
as to place them in a potentially 
special relationship to divine 
retribution. In Christianity all 
men and women are suffused in 
sin. Indeed, the whole point of 
Christ's entry into our world of 
sorrow was to impart the free gift 
of forgiveness. The Christian mes- 
sage becomes unintelligible unless 
the priority of human sin is 
recognized- It leaks from our 
beings at virtually every moment 
of life it covers the earth with 
desolation and great suffering. By 
his own confession, Jesus came 
into the world to save not the 
righteous, but sinners. He did not 
come to threaten them with 
appalling diseases. 

The notion of a collective 
punishment of human society is 
more consistent with Scripture, 
but is still not an appropriate 
response. The Bible has many 
examples of whole societies suffer- 
ing ultimate punishments for 
moral wrongdoing, of which the 
most notorious, in the present 
context, happened at Sodom. Con- 
fronted with the immediate dis- 
solution of familiar communal 
securities, in the way societies 
have always been in times of 
plague, it is human enough to ask 
“Why should this happen to us?" 

It is not a very proper question. 
Mankind has no reasonable claim 
on the son of expectations of 
happiness and security which the 
question presupposes. Tf plague is 
a punishment of society for its 
wrongdoing, then it is a punish- 
ment of society collectively, and 
not of some particular group- That 
much may indeed be inferred 

Edward Norman nrges 
Christians to reject 

the view that victims 

of the disease are 

being divinely pnnished 
for their sins 

from Scripture; But since all 
human societies are given over to 
sin it would be hazardous to 
identify particular “natural" aff- 
lictions as directed by God at 
selected dimensions of human 
moral frailty. 

When the cholera epidemics 
occurred in mid-Victorian Britain 
numerous sages of Christianity 
rushed to identify them as the 
agency of God's wrath. But they 
were wrong, and their successors 
are wrong today. When I used to 
work in a hospital as a chaplain, 
the first thing I learned was that 
illness is illness; it is the convey- 
ance of no moral injunction, no 
spiritual vengeance. The moral 
and the wise will, of course, seek to 
discern in the shock to their 
sensibilities some advance to 
greater spiritual insights; to grow 
through suffering, either their own 
or experienced vicariously for 
society, to more subtle and mature 
purchases on the meanings behind 
the mechanics of the creation. 

These last are of enormous 
importance for a proper under- 

standing of the impending Aids 
crisis. There is a growing Christian 
agnosticism about the "evils’* of 
“natural" disasters — earthquakes, 
famines, diseases. But there are in 
a properly ordered religious view 
of the world, no “evils of this 
sort. The fault derives _ from 
separating men from their ele- 
ment: nature. God’s creation is 
real and concrete. He made the 
world with material form and 
design, and — the authentic mir- 
acle of religion — he lifted men 
from the unconsciousness of the 
busy and ephemeral mass offiving 
things and gave them the gift of 
reason and reflection. 

They were admitted, m that 
sense, to participation with God in 
the development of the creation. 
Their status as created beings was 
unchanged, however. Just as 
Christ did not bring men perfec- 
tion, but forgiveness, so God in 
the creation gave men self- 
consciousness but not freedom 
from nature. We are now able to 
measure and to quantify the 
matter of our habitat The abilities 
we have evolved with the gifts 
God imparted have enabled ns to 
engage nature in a fruitful ex- 
change whose results include the 
healing of the sick by medical skill 
the better distribution of material 
resources by social understanding, 
the more sensitive treatment of 
those who are different from 
ourselves in cultural assumptions. 

Yet we are still unavoidably a 
pan of the natural order, and it is 
an order of living things, micro- 
scopic and larger, which sustain 
themselves by mutual absorption. 
Disease is what happens when 
living things within ourselves 
multiply in the wrong place — 
wrong, that is. because not pro- 
grammed to a “normal" pattern; it 
is what happens when our bodies 
are successfully infiltrated by 
other living things from outside. 

Aids is a disease like any other, 
in the sense that it is an evolution 
from the chaotic living mass that 

coats the globe and of which we 
are a pan. God calls us to reflect 
upon that reality, to recognize the 
horror of our dilemma as crea- 
tures lifted to divine choices yet 
incapable, through felse expecta- 
tions of a “perfect" contentment, 
of converting that horror into joy. 
Christians believe that Christ 
came into the world to confirm 
that matter was real; that the way 
reality works is God's scheme of 
things, and that the sorrows and 
imperfections of life are of our 
qwd contrivance. For God became 
matter himself 

The time has come for Chris- 
tians not only to ask themselves 
exactly what the appearance of 
Aids means, but also to do 
something to demonstrate their 
sense of brotherhood with those 
afflicted. By this I do not mean a 
heavy and perhaps condescending 
release of “compassion”, but sen- 
sible and practical work, and the 
cultivation of a balanced relation- 
ship within the fellowship of sin 
which is human society. 

I also think it would be helpful if 
a part-time interdenominational 
society of Christian ministers and 
priests could be established, its 
members pledged to visit Aids 
victims and oner what practical 
and religious help they can. Be- 
cause of the confidential nature of 
individual cases they would have 
to operate in cooperation with 
existing support groups. To be 
most effective the members of 
such a society should not, at 
present, be drawn from those 
groups most at risk of acquiring 
the disease. But they should put 
themselves at the service of the 
victims, as Christ gave himself 
unsparingly to the afflicted. He 
was accused of resorting to the 
company of outcasts — the ritually 
unclean, the lepers, the sinners. 
His contemporary representatives 
could follow his example. 

Dr Edward Norman is Dean of 
Peter house. Cambridge. 

Bernard Levin: the way we live now 

When only the ultimate will do 

I have always maintained that 
salutations are due. and properly 
given, to anyone who can do 
anything better than anyone else. 
There is a man in Switzerland who 
cuts pieces of paper into fantastic 
and beautiftil shapes by folding 
them cunningly first then plying 
the scissors in an apparently 
random manner. We all did this, 
or tried to. as children, but the 
good Switzer has turned it into a 
real art, and it is hardly likely that 
he will find a challenger to topple 
him from his recondite pinnacle. 

In a different field altogether, 
the late Arne Tollefeon took the 
humblest and least regarded of 
musical instruments, the ac- 
cordion, and played ft so finely 
and expressively that he per- 
suaded serious composers to write 
for iL And I have told before the 
story of the man so skilled at 
parachute jumping that he once 
jumped out of an aeroplane 
without one, having thoughtfully 
arranged to collect one from a 
passing colleague holding a spare. 

These feats betoken respectively 
a unique skill in manual dexterity 
combined with a remarkable eye 
for shape, a musical gift so refined 
that its possessor could conjure 
sweet sounds from an instrument 
thought incapable of making 
them, and an alliance of courage 
with presence of mind that makes 
most of us, when we merely 
contemplate it. clammy-palmed 
and dry of mouth. 

There is an obvious distinction 
here between these outstanding 
achievements and those of the 
delightful fellow (I met him once) 
who got into the Guinness Book of 
Records by balancing 1 1 of the old 
12-sided threepenny-bits on edge, 
each standing on its predecessor. 
This was something that, given a 
steady enough hand and sufficient 
patience, anybody might da 
whereas my three heroes must 
have had some innate quality that 
others lack. But there is an equally 
real yet less obvious difference 
separating the trio from champion 
athletes. The highest jumper, or 
foster miler. in the world is only a 

bar’s thickness or a tape's breadth 
ahead of the runner-up, and he 
knows that in a year or two 
someone will have broken his 
record, who in turn will see his 
own surpassed. In other words, a 
champion athlete is not unique, 
but the Swiss, the musician and 
the madman all are. 

And here comes another. His 
name (not easily forgotten) is 
David Schummy. and he is the 
greatest boomerang thrower in the 
world. (You may wonder — I did — 
how boomerang throwers are 
ranked; it seems that the cham- 
pion is the thrower who can keep 
his instrument in the air longest 
before it returns to his hand.) 

Mr Schummy, whom I found in 
an old copy of the Sunday 
Telegraph Magazine at the 
dentist’s, has an established boo- 
merang air time of 3633 seconds 
(if your watch has a seconds hand, 
time it — you will be astonished at 
how long it is), and is now, he says, 
keeping the thing aloft for a whole 
minuie.1 have no such obsession, 
lei alone skill. But I think I 
understand it, and 1 am sure that I 
admire it. The spirit which ani- 
mates these eccentric champions 

is at bottom the same as that 
which drove Flecker’s pilgrims on 
the golden road to Samarkand: 

We travel not for trafficking 
alone : 

By hotter winds our fiery lusts 


For love of knowing what should 
not be known. 

We take the Golden Road to 

That is surely an admirable 
attitude, is it not? And the envy 
that we feel for it is not, I think, 
grounded in a wish to be officially 
classed “the best"; it is based on a 
yearning for perfection, or at least 
a longing to strive for perfection. 
Perfection is an end in itself, as 
indeed has been clearly dem- 
onstrated by the eccentrics who 
seek it in such odd comers, for few 
people are going to nudge one 
another and point just because the 
world’s greatest basket weaver or 
tea taster has gone by. 

J was one of the twelve million 
people who stayed up to watch 
that astounding snooker champ- 
ionship final in which the man 
with the upside-down glasses won 

with the very last stroke — and I 
am not interested in snooker, 
indeed do not even know the 
rules. What kept me in front of the 
television set? I was staying with 
friends in the country, and every- 
body had gone to bed except my 
host and L He rose — he cares for 
snooker no more than I do — and 
bade me goodnight; on the way 
out of the room he paused behind 
my chair to glance at the screen, 
and he stood there, unmoving, his 
body still turned at the angle that 
was to take him to the door, for the 
next 45 minutes. 

We could not know of the 
amazing finish; but we had both 
been seized by the realisation that 
we were watching two men app- 
roaching very dose to perfection; 
the knowledge was so enthralling 
thai we bad to see it out 

Of course, there are other 
relativities. To play snooker like 
that or to juggle flawlessly with 
two dozen coloured rings, or for 
that matter to decipher Linear B, 
is not so great an achievement as 
to write Fidelia , or design the 
Baptistry in Florence. But in the 
house of achievement there are 
many mansions. 

There was a French postman, 
called Cheval: his beat was a 
country one, near Hauterives. He 
conceived — no one seems to 
know why or how —a magnificent 
obsession, to build, from nothing 
but pebbles picked up on bis 
round, a miniature palace and 
temple. For 35 years as he 
delivered the letters he fiiled his 
pockets with stones (be was 
repeatedly reprimanded and fined 
by his superiors for ruining bis 
uniform by overloading his pock- 
ets) and at the weekends he would 
go to the site of his building and 
pile them one upon another. . 

He continued after his 
retirment, and his monument 
stands to this day; visitors can 
enter it, though a tall man might 
bump his head, and wander about 
its miniature arcades and galleries, 
halls and domes, statues and 
niches. Every bit of it he found, 
and every bit he put in place with 
his own hands. It has no great 
claims to be art of architecture, but 
it is now a national monument, 
and so it should be. For it testifies 
in its humbler way, as surely as 
Notre Dame does in its might, to 
the dream of perfection that every 
fitily human being knows, but that 
a few, a very few, dream waking. It 
is today called “Le Palais Ideal", 
which must surely please the 
shade of Postman Cheval. 

You may smile at Postman 
Cheval or the boomerang man, 
but they know a secret which 
eludes the rest of us. For the 
builder and the thrower, by devot- 
ing their lives to one aim, have 
done something more than can be 
measured by their achievements; 
they have touched the hem of 
perfection’s garment Only the 
hem, mind; it takes Mozart to 
grasp the sleeve. But I think it 
takes more time, more energy and 
above all more determination 

than you and I have got even to 
feel the fa ‘ ‘ 

fabric brush our hand. Of 

one thing I am quite sure, though; 
once experienced that touch can 
never be forgotten. 

Into the 
lions’ den 

Douglas Hurd has just had an 
offer he could not refuse. When 
first asked to address the annual 
meeting of the Metropolitan Po- 
lice branch of the Police Federa- 
tion. at Central Hall on Wed- 
nesday. be quickly pleaded 
“another engagement", under- 
standably. for this audience has 
given a rough ride to previous 
home secretaries such as Roy 
Jenkins. Meriyn Rees. Leon 
Briltan and even Willie WhiteJaw. 
Bui Hurd also ducked last year’s 
meeting, leaving Sir Kenneth 
Newman to brave bobbies' fury 
over the handling of the 
Broadwater Farm riot a week 
earlier. This year the federation 
has not taken no for an answer the 
meeting has been brought forward 
to 4.30 pm, leaving Hurd with no 
option but to attend 

• Lunch sign outside the King's 
Head pub. Islington: “Vegetables 
and Cheese Sauce: £2.00; Assorted 
Ptongbpensan's. £1.10", 

president of the Council of Euro- 
pean Bishops' Conferences at its 
annual meeting in Poland Hume 
therefore moves down a bit. as 
Martini appeals to much the same 
gently literal tastes (a “wet" 
Martini?) and in any contest 
between an Englishman and an 
Italian the Italian will surely have 
the better of it. The European 
presidency - in effect chief Catho- 
lic prelate in Europe after the Pope 
— will give Martini the chance to 
show his international leadership 
qualities, and help to offset what 
might otherwise have been a 
serious handicap, for Martini is 
that rare fish, a cardinal who is 
also a Jesuit- There has never been 
a Jesuit pope: but then there had 
never been a Polish pope before 
John Paul )!. 


them “eight very bad films." How 
will he greet Maggie Smith, star of 
Travels With My Aunt , which. 
when it turned up on the tele- 
vision, he says he turned off after 
four minutes? 

says: “I fear tin's shows a grave 
lack of vision on Mr Hatton's 

Pillow talk 


Over here 


Key promotion 

Although there is no sign of any 
flagging from the present incum- 
bent. Vaiicanologists have been 
reshuffling their list of possible 
runners should the race to Peter’s 
Throne come round again. One 
dark horse on whom the odds 
have suddenly shortened is Cardi- 
nal Carlo Martini Archbishop of 
Milan, who has just been elected 
to succeed Cardinal Basil Humeas^ 

.... ........ -Ty ‘ • -■ 

New York’s Overseas Press Cub 
is planning a reunion of the 4.000 
battle-hardened hacks who cov- 
ered the Vietnam war. Robert 
Elegant, author and former Los 
Angeles Times bureau chief, tells 
me that the organizers have asked 
members to help them track down 
a number of Vietnam veterans 
who. they seem to believe, have 
disappeared from the face of the 
earth. Among those listed are John 
Pilggr, William Shawcross, Mar- 
ina Warner and Murray Sayle. 
Press dub officials should start 
reading the British papers, where 
their by-lines constantly appear. 

Shock waves from Jonathan 
Pryce's success in persuading the 
Royal Shakespeare Company to 
renounce its sponsorship by 
Barclays Bank because of the 
bank’s South African interests. I 
learn that the Royal Opera/ 
Sadlers WeIJs/Royal Ballet group 
are now taking a long hard look at 
their Barclay patronage "at the 
earliest possible chance'’. Barclays 
will spend £800.000 this year on 
arts and youth activities, other 
artistic beneficiaries being the 
London City Ballet. Welsh Na- 
tional Opera and the 
Glyndeboume Touring Opera. 

An enterprising spirit is abroad or, 
should 1 say. abed. By the time you 
read this. Capital Radio will have 
launched its own, somewhat ris- 
que counterpart to Radio Four’s A 
Book at Bedtime. Mandy Rice 
Davis, still best known for her role 
in the Profumo affair, is the first of 
a series of guests to be interviewed 
about their favourite bedtime 
reading. The bedside telephone 
interviews, conducted live by DJ 
Mike Didtin. will solicit views 
from a selection of authors and 
celebrities including novelist 
Molly Parkin. ex-CIA station chief 
Miles Copeland and footballer 
Mick Channon. 

Rainbowing out 



•Wrong country, comrade' 

WHF.W VTW T TVTT7*TTMr> * — — - - — 

The Francis Kyle Gallery in 
London is boasting that Graham 
Greene has been persuaded to 
attend a private viewing of paint- 
ings and drawings called “Travels 
in Graham Greene Country" — 
even if it had to rearrange the date 
to fit his schedule. But 1 cannot 
wonder why it is also inviting the 
stars of films of his novels. A few 
years ago Greene introduced a 
National Film Theatre season of 
Greene adaptations by calling 

' * " I !>' 0 Ibo<nhirfty r4>'~ 

Disappointment' for Captain 
Rainbow's Universal Alliance 
(incorporating the Raving Mon- 
ster Loony Party) on the eve of its 
conference tonight at the Camden 
Palace in London: Derek Hatton 
will not be contesting the 
Knowsley North by-election on a 
Rainbow Alliance/Militant ticket. 
Hatton, still smarting from his 
expulsion from the Labour Party 
and sacking as deputy leader of 
Liverpool Council, has declined 
an invitation to stand as a 
Rainbow-sponsored Militant in 
the seat vacated by the Miliiani- 
lormcmcd Labour MP Robert 
Kilroy-Silk. The Rainbow Alli- 
ance founder. Geoige Weekes. 

W SmiriiBn(in+*»?'n ' “ 

Posterity has been less kind to the 
novelist Anthony Trollope than to 
the 1930s home secretary, Leslie 
Hore-Belisha. We all know of the 
latter’s part in creating beacons at 
pedestrian crossings — they were 
dubbed zebras only much later — 
but who knows of Trollope’s 
equally important contribution to 
the streetscape? I have just been 
told that while he was an official at 
the General Post Office he came 
up with the then original idea of 
mail collection points, or, as we 
now call them, pillar boxes.- 1 can 
only suppose the reason that he 
never became eponymous is that it 
would be an unfortunate name for 
a scarlet presence on a street 

1 °™ er - PHS 

Michael Meadowcroft 

My case for PR, 

in spite of all 

Although, as a loyal Liberal MP. I 
do my best to keep the boat on an 
even keel, my seniors in the party 
suspect that some of my opinions 
are not quite orthodox; indeed, are 
positively heretical. 

■ Generally. I think, they are 
wrong, but I must admit to one 
opinion which goes against the 
party's most cherished beliefs- 1 
generally keep it dark, for fear of 
dire retribution, but the time has 
come to publish and be damned. 
So here goes: / do not belief c that 
proportional representation would 

necessarily be to the Liberal 
r’s elec 

Party's electoral advantage. 

Well. I'm still here, still typing 
and marshalling my argument 
which rests partly on the record of 
equivalent parties in other Euro- 
pean countries that have PR. They 
sometimes achieve a toehold ro 
government but are seldom. _ if 
ever, dominant and have to tnm 
their policies to suit the dominant 
partner. Not an alluring prospect. 

Our party in Britain is the 
largest and most radical of ail 
European Liberal parties, surviv- 
ing. and thriving, within an out- 
dated, unfair electoral system. 

Outdated? you ask. Unfair? But 
weren’t you just knocking PR, the 
obvious alternative? 

WelL no, I wasn’t Whatever its 
effect on Liberal fortunes, I favour 
it as the only way for ail shades of 
opinion, on every political issue, 
to be given adequate expression. 

PR's benefits, or disadvantages, 
to the Liberal Party depend en- 
tirely on one's confidence that the 
Alliance, as the public becomes 
increasingly disillusioned with the 

other two parties, will hit the 
kpot It is 

electoral jackpot It is all a matter 
of numbers. Under PR the 26 per 
cent Alliance vote in the last 
election would have given us ISO 
MPs instead of the mere 23 in feet 
returned. But consider what 
would happen were we to achieve 
a 40 per cent vote — not beyond 
the bounds of possibility. Under 
PR, 260 seats and dependence on 
another party to form a govern- 
ment First-past-the-post: 326 
seats and an absolute majority. 

The publication this week of 
Peter Hain's Proportional Mis- 
representation puts the subject in a 
broader context than usuaL The 
book's central thesis is that while 
PR would be fairer, it coukl result 
in a less democratic government 
Some of the old chestnuts are 
reheated, such as that of breaking 
local links between MPs and their 
constituents. Those with rural 
constituences may agree, but as an 
MP m a city with relatively 
arbitrary boundaries, t am un- 

The one difficulty Peter Hain 
outlines which does occasionally 
disturb my unselfish nature is the 
possibility that given the existing 
structure and balance of British 
political parties, the Alliance, as 

and to enable peaceful change lies 
51 healthy ‘ 

at the heart ofhealthy democratic 
processes. Our existing electoral 
system is an innocent accomplice 
in thwarting Those processes. Cer- 
tainly PR is no panacea for all ills 
but its advantages in our current 
political crises are vivid however 
much it might harm Alliance 
prospects in-the short term. 

How's that for Liberal altruism? 
The author is Liberal MP for 
Leeds West. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Her knees went 
like gelignite 

One of the most prosperous 
subsidiaries of Moreover Enter- 
prises is our publishing house, 
Mills & Bang, with its best- 
selling catalogue of romantic mili- 
tary fiction. These tender yet rip- 
roaring novels combine the sheer 
action and brutality that men love 
with the passionate, poetic ro- 
mance which has women flocking 
to bookshops for another fix. The 
autumn list of new Mills & Bang 
military romance has just ap- 
peared and I am proud to bring 
you news of the outstanding titles. 

Christmas in Belfast, 
by Lanoia Herbage 
Spending Christmas Day on patrol 
in riot-torn Belfast was not what 
Captain Percy Flavour had in 
mind when he joined the 3rd 
Battalion, The Trouble-Shooters. 
It was cold and it was dangerous. 
So when he returned to his patrol 
vehicle and found a bulging 
Christmas stocking attached to it, 
labelled “To My Darling Percy", 
he immediately had it blown up by 
explosives experts. 

Little did he know that it was a 
genuine present from Irma Crush, 
the dashing 1TN camerawoman 
who had fallen in love with the 
brave captain when filming him 
for an exclusive interview. Un- 
used to the ways of women. 
Captain Flavour had not guessed 
why ITN had returned for another 
14 exclusive interviews. But could 
this budding romance survive her 
gift of after-shave, five-year diary, 
tangerine and walnuts being 
blown to smithereens? And how 
could Irma reconcile her news 
values with her hopeless passion 
for an army officer? This novel 
will devastate any media people 
who have recently fallen in love or 
have had beautifully wrapped 
presents blown up. 

Red Cabbage in the Sunset; 

by Tania Gatsby 
"I say. this borscht is absolutely 
delicious! Have you put sage in it, 
by any chance?" 

The speaker was Rupert Lan- 
yard. major in the Army Catering 
Corps. Little did he realize when 
he joined up to train as a chef at 
the army's expense that he would 
be sent on a dangerous mission 
into the depths of the Soviet 
U nion to find out the secrets of the 
Red Army's daily diet. 

Now. here he was in a barracks 
in Omsk, disguised as a rodent 
exterminator, face to fece with the 
legendary Olga Vichova, the 
woman who was reputed to be 
able to make soup for 1.000 men 
out of 10 red cabbages. How he 
... . j • . ... 

brought the recipe back to the 
West, and Olga as welL is the 
subject of this taut, piquant epic. 

Hello Again, by Plriu Rueful 
Stephen was a military spy. So 
when he married Claire, he could 
not tell her of his real job. He just 
gave her the impression that he 
was a thrusting young executive to 
do with electronics, who had to go 
to conferences a lot He told her 
that be was going to Zurich for a 
marketing management course, 
when in feet he was eliminating a 
vital East German spy. 

What Stephen didn’t know was 
that Claire was a military spy too. 
And that when he was away, 
supposedly in Zurich, she was 
away as well entrancing military 
attaches in expensive discos- Bid 
she couldn't tell him that. Nor 
could she tell him that she was a 
Russian military spy. Because 
Stephen was a British military spy. 

One day. Stephen got his orders: 
Get rid of Claire. 

Claire got her orders: Eliminate 

This gripping novel tells how a 
married couple dedicated to kill- 
ing each other gradually find new 
romance, honesty and a lovely 
primary school for their two 
children on the outskirts of 

Cold Passion, by 
Ruth Cranberry 

“Yon are all to go back to your 
quarters at once! And that is an 

Captain Stephanie Bridge of the 
Royal Video Corps had killed five 
men in unarmed combat. She had 
blown up several tanks while 
bringing her precious video cas-; 
f®? 681 baek to base. But never 
before had she faced 100 mutinous 
Crunch as. crazed with boredom, 
who demanded to see the latest 
wogan programme sent out from 
go on the rampage. 

Which one of you is your 
leader?” she desired to know. 

Lieutenant Nanga Parbat- 
stepped forward. As soon as she 
^w his craggy yet mellifluous fec& 
she knew that ibis was the man she ■ 
was destined to love and obey. But 
n she had known it meant 
retreating to a small Himalayan 
village with nothing to remind her- 
p f sr exce P t two videos of - 
opining image and a Bafta invite- 
ca fd signed “Lovely evening* 
parry Norman", would she have ■ 
invited him t0 bar fir. 
further negotiations? 

Ruth Cranberry’s pulsating 
novel makes it clear that tkf- i 
nnswer was always yes. . - 

L . 

the only non-cfess*bascd group, 
could bold office cor Jtantly js the 
pendulum swung between left and 
right But that hypothesis does not 
take into account the fundamental 
change in political structures and 
voting habits that PR wouM bnng. 

It is akin to suggesting tint the 
1832 Reform Act left the Whigs 
and Tories unchanged or that the 
1 867 Reform Act had no influence 
on the rise of organized labour. It 
is also worth recalling that in West 
Germany, the Social Democrats 
and Christian Democrats once 
formed a grand coalition, with the 
liberal Free Democrats as the only 

The most powerful aigumoat in 
favour of PR is the possibilny of 
ending the besetting sin of the 
British voter the tendency to vo« 
negatively. British elections tend 
not to be won by opposition 
parties but to be lost by govern- 
ments. Our system not only 
permits negative voting; it pos- 
itively encourages it- The con- 
sequence is a dangerously ksw 
level of interest and concern about . 
political ideas and values. 

Our social and economic prob- - 
lems cannot be overcome without 
a deeper political consciousness 
among foe electorate. There are no 
simple answers, whatever any 
politician says, and the public 
needs to be nudged by every 
means possible to consider the 
options and the consequences 
attached to each- So long as. 
candidates can win elections by 
attacking their opponents there is 
no incentive for more rigorous 
thinking. ' ' 

The most attractive <u PR 
systems, the single transferable 
vote, specifically requires positive 
choices. It also, of course, obviates 
the third party “squeeze" - an 
aspect not dealt with by Peter 
Hain, who seems to turn a blind 
eye to Labour's continued dom- 
ination of councils in towns and 
cities with a majority of non- 
Labour voters. 

The pernicious extension of 
political control into employment 
policies, ending support of vol- 
untary groups whose feces do not 
fit, and the use of public funds for 
political propaganda are a delib- 
erate Labour reaction to the 
government’s equivalent erosion 
of pluralism by abolishing recal- 
citrant locftl authorities. 

The need to encourage debate 

. «- 

Ri >t 

i . 



ot all ' 

**»•}, - 
Su h . 


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01-481 4100 

Street, London El 9XN Teleph one: 


The case of Annie Maguire 
and her supposed bomb fac- 
tory in a house in North 
London continues to nag at the 
conscience of British justice 
* She and six others were con- 

ESP 1 ? ^ old Bailey in 
1976 of unlawfully handling 
explosives; one died in prison 
and the rest have now served 
their sentences. They.stiU pro- 
test their innocence. 

Mr Robert Kee is the latest 

m a senes of investigators to 
draw attention to the grounds 
for fearing that the convictions 
were a miscarriage of justice, 

I and today in The Times 
} Cardinal Basil Hume appeals 
i once more for a further review. 
In the history of judicial errors 
this pattern alone should be 
t. Janufiar enough to arouse 
f suspicion. Wrongful convic- 
| lions have a habit of forcing 
[ themselves on to public atten- 
i tion time and again; rightful 
: convictions, even if at first 
* hotly contested, generally fade 
i from public memory with the 
i passing of time. 

This case is all the more 
disturbing, and all the more 
: difficult for the Home Sec- 
: retary, for three reasons. The 
! case against Mrs Maguire and 
her six co-defendants rested 
upon a single strand of scien- 
: tific evidence, the thin-layer 
|i chromatography testing for. 

: nitroglycerine on microscopic 
; samples. Because of the strict 
1 rules applied by the Court of 
Appeal, a successful challenge 
■ to the conviction would some- 
how have to prove that these 
scientific results were un- 
sound. There being no more 
samples available for further 

tests, it is inherently an almost 
impossible criterion. 

. The second unusual feature 
is the relationship between this 
case and the convictions for 
the pub-bombing in 
Guildford. Mrs Maguire’s 
home was believed by the 
police, after a tip-off from a 
petty criminal, to be the 
factory from which the 
Guildford bomb came. The 
connection between the two 
cases was not spelt out to the 
court; which is a pity, as 
farther developments in the 
Guildford case suggest an al- 
together different complexion. 

For the Balcombe Street 
IRA gang later claimed sole 
responsibility for Guildford, 
and even gave somewhat 
grudging evidence at the Court 
of Appeal to this effect The 
court was not persuaded, 
though it did not rule out their 
participation. But if the 
Guildford convictions were 
wrong, then the police raid on 
die Maguire household look- 
ing for nitroglycerine was not a 
clever piece of detective fol- 
low-up. It was a random 
search on a house whose only 
remote connection with 
Guildford was the Irish na- 
tionality of its occupants. And 
if, approaching the puzzle in 
reverse, the Maguire convic- 
tions were unsafe because of 
doubts about the scientific 
evidence, there are reasons for 
questioning the Guildford ver- 
dicts too. 

It is when the two cases are 
looked at together, in the light 
of the questionable tip-off 
which was their only connec- 
tion, that really grave doubts 
arise. No court has ever under- 

taken such a comprehensive 
review. Nor could it do so, 
because the two cases are 
technically separate. It may 
need a special inquiry outside 
the formal processes of the 
courts to take note of every 
relevant detail 

The third cause of difficulty 
is that some of the reasons for 
questioning the course of jus- 
tice in these cases are of a kind 
which could well sway any 
fair-minded individual but 
which have no value as strict 
evidence. The persistent claim 
to innocence of the Maguire 
defendants is of such a kind. 
Moreover, the well-known 
pattern of behaviour of IRA 
terrorists after conviction 
bears no resemblance to the 
way the Maguire group be- 
haved in prison. The IRA has 
never claimed them as its own; 
and IRA prisoners in jail with J 
them persisted in disowning 
them. It is for these, less 
tangible reasons, that distin- 
guished people who have come 
to know them weD in prison — 
Lord Htt, Sir John Biggs- 
Davison, and Cardinal Hume 
himself, for instance — have 
become convinced of their 

That is no reason for 
overturning the convictions, 
of course. But it is good 
enough for the Home Sec- 
retary to look for some new 
and perhaps less usual remedy, 
such as the appointment of a 
senior lawyer to investigate 
and report. In circumstances 
as complicated and as persis- 
tently worrying as these, the 
interests of justice may not be 
served by farther formal ap- 


MtU> hinptn’; 

:es wem 


Senor Felipe Gonzalez, 
Spain’s admirable Prime Min- 
ister, has used an interview 
with BBC radio to demand 
that significant progress 
should be made on the issue of 
Gibraltar within the next four 
years — the lifetime of his 
* government His specific 
objective is'at least a timetable 
for the transition from British 
to Spanish rule, reversing 
thereby the Treaty of Utrecht 
under which the Rock was 
ceded to Britain in 1713. 

It is not the first time that he 
has stated his position. Nor is 
he the only person to do so. 
King Juan Carlos felt obliged 
to raise the question during his 
state visit here last April He 
did so again at the United 
Nations last month, calling 
Britain’s continuing sov- 
ereignty over this grumbling 
Spanish appendix an 

In one sense it is. But it is 
equally anachronistic for a 
socialist Spanish government 
to be so apparently obsessed 
by this ancient cause celebre 
now. Perhaps it is time there- 
fore to remind the Spanish 
monarch and his ministers 
that their claim to Gibraltar’s 
sovereignty is extremely weak, 
both in terms of international 
law and human rights. 

British policy is restricted by 
the terms of the 1 969 Gibraltar 
constitution under which this 
country would never negotiate 
sovereignty away “against the 
freely and democratically ex- 
:*■ pressed wishes of its people”. 
Although Spain is now a 
flourishing democracy, a part- . 
ncr of Britain in the European 


Community and an ally in 
Nato, the Rock’s 27,000 inhab- 
itants remain under British 
rule because they overwhelm- 
ingly want to. 

The average Gibraltarian is 
something of a Mediterranean 
hybrid, but one with a strong 
-Spanish strain. He speaks 
Spanish, probably has rela- 
tions in Spain and since the 
border was reopened in early 
1985, may even live there. At 
the last count more than 1,000 
Gibraltarians bad solved their 
accommodation problem on 
the overcrowded British col- 
ony by moving into La Linea 
or its surrounds. Certain cate- 
gories of Spaniard can now 
even set up business in Gibral- 

It is a relatively happy 
picture in which the signifi- 
cance of the narrow frontier is 
diminishing by the month. 
Indeed, the fear among Gibral- 
tarians is that they will grad- 
ually become Hispanified by a 
process of osmosis. Is it not in 
Spain’s interests to let this 
happen over time? 

No doubt Senor Gonzalez 
wants to assure his electorate 
that he has not forgotten what 
he sees as his historic 
responsibility to restore 

arouse nothing but hostility on 
the Rock. 

There are, it is true, a 
number of specific issues 
which would benefit from a 
little more reasonableness on 
both sides. The opposition of 
Gibraltarians to Spain’s de- 
mand for an air t erminal on 
Gibraltar's airfield and to any 
accommodation with Spain 
over the requirement that 
Spaniards have to pass 
through Gibraltar’s customs 
and passport control might be 
considered unreasonable. On 
the other hand, it is in- 
comprehensible why RAF air- 
craft flying into Gibraltar 
airfield should not be allowed 
to pass through the air space of 
a Nato ally. 

Nor did the row caused by 
last July’s derision to with- 
draw the British guard on the 
Gibraltarian side of the bor- 
der — and Madrid’s refusal to 
reciprocate unless the frontier 
gates themselves were re- 
moved — reflect well on either 
party. The British and Spanish 
governments should make a 
determined effort to settle aD 
outstanding details of this kind 

But the Spanish side should 
not expect a ready solution to 
the wider issue of sovereignty. 
It is in neither government’s 

Spain's ancestral heritage. But * interest now to pursue a 

is it really in Spanish interests ** in 

to keep raising the question of 
sovereignty over a reluctant 
population? Even the com- 
promises which are thrown up 
from time to time — like the 
possibility of a lease-back 
arrangement or a form of 
shared-sovereignty (the so- 
called “Andorra solution”) — 

question which still causes 
deep resentment on the Rock. 
And by calling for a timetable 
as a starting point, Senor 
Gonzalez is setting problems 
for his own government and 
for Britain. He is half-promis- 
ing his electorate something 
that this country cannot now 
reasonably deliver. 


h is not uncommon for mili- 
tary regimes to hold elections 
in order to give a semblance of 
civilian credibility to their 
continued exercise of power. 
Does the electoral process 
presently underway in Bangla- 
desh fit this pattern? 

Last May the parliament 
elections were won, amidst 
widespread and widely be- 
lieved charges of rigging, by 
the armv's chosen Jaiiyo 
Party. Now. on Wednesday, a 
' Presidential poll is to be held 
to provide a popular mandate 
for President Ershad himself 

The problem is that a cred- 
ible opposition candidate is 
required for the presidential 
election to satisfy the regime s 
critics at home and abroad. 
President Ershad was able to 
convince the Awami League, 
one of Bangladesh's two lead- 
ing parties, to participate in 
the May elections. But the 
opposition, alleging electoral 
fraud, boycotted the new 
Assembly and have set strin- 
gent conditions before they 
join another election. 

The main one is that 
dent Ershad should lift martial 
law to ensure that ihe army is 
less able to manipulate the 
result The President refused. 

new civilian President was 
elected would create a 
constitutional vacuum. But his 
real concern may have been 
that parliament has not yet 
had time to grant indemnity to 
the military for the 1982 coup. 
To lose the protection of 
martial law would leave the 
generals vulnerable. , 

As a compromise. President 
Ershad stepped down as army 
chief of staff. That was not 
enough to convince the oppo- 
sition. Accordingly, the main 
political parties are boycotting 
the presidential poll and Presi- 
dent Ershad is to run against 
1 1 nonentities, one of whom is 
the admitted assassin of 
Bangladesh’s founder. Presi- 
dent Mujib, in 1975. Against 
such opposition President 
Ershad is bound to win even 
without rigging. Would such a 
victory be credible? 

The size of Wednesday’s 
turnout will be crucial. In 
March 1985 President Ershad 
held a referendum on his 
policies and announced that 
over 90 per cent of the people 
had voted. But the opposition 
estimate of 20 per cent was ■ 
widely believed. If the same 
happens on Wednesday, the 
vote will have failed. 

therefore called a general strike 
to ensure the turnout is poor. 
But the President has not left 
things to chance. Last week he 
banned any expression of 
opposition ' to the election, 
with violators facing seven- 
year sentences, and arrested 
opposition figures. 

Of course, there is little 
doubt that when the results are 
officially announced President 
Ershad will be elected and the 
turnout impressively high. 
How will the opposition re- 
spond? If they are able to bring 
people on to the streets in 
effective demonstrations, 
legitimacy will still elude the 
army. In addition, its chosen 
man for the presidency will 
have been rebuffed. 

The Generals may then 
choose to get rid of President 
Ershad and simply take over 
again. President Ershad, like 
President Marcos before him, 
could soon discover that elec- 
tions are not quite as simple as 
they seem. But if the oppo- 
sition parties have succeeded 
only in halting modest 
progress to democratic reform 
and perpetuated full military 
rule, they too may come to 
regret their boycott- Mrs 
Aquino showed, in even less 
promising circumstances, that 


Anxieties over 
Maguire case 

From the Cardinal Archbishop of 

Sir, We are indebted to Lord 
Scarraan (October 7) for drawing 
attention to the shortcomings of 
pre-trial procedures prior to the 
recent reforms introduced by the 
Criminal Evidence Act 1984. He 
adds that the trial and appeal 
process has shown itself “an 
uncertain instrument” in uncover- 
ing irregularities. 

This undoubtedly widens anxi- 
eties over the convictions in the 
Guildford bombings and the Ma- 
guire explosives cases, to both of 
which Lord Scarman drew atten- 
tion. My concent in this matter 
arose first from my contact with 
Patrick Joseph Cordon, whom I 
visited on a number of occasions 
in Wormwood Scrubs before his 
death in I 980. 1 became absolutely 
convinced of his innocence and 
because of that developed pro- 
found doubts about the justice of 
the Maguire convictions. 

Since 1978 I have raised this 
matter with three different home 
secretaries, both Labour and 
Conservative, and with the Prime 
Minister herselC 

Robert Kee's book. Tried and 
Error, articulates the serious anxi- 
eties I and many others have had 
about a possible miscarriage of 
justice, not only in the Maguire 
case but also in the convictions in 
the Guildford bombings triaL 

1 would strongly urge that in the 
interests of justice the Home 
Secretary should exercise the 
rights available to bim under 
section 17 of the Criminal Appeals 
Act 1968 whereby, “if he thinks 
fit”, he can refer such cases back to 
the Court of AppeaL 
Yours sincerely, 


Archbishop's House, 

Westminster, SWI. 

October 10. 

Putting customers first again 

From Sir Ian Morrow 
Sir. British manufacturing in- 
dustry was already declining at the 
time of the great depression in 
1929. This decline was disguised 
by the demands of the Second 
World War and the aftermath. 

The seeds of the present malaise 
were sown in the 1930s. There was 
great concern about the plight of 
the unemployed. Then, as now. 
the Labour Party and certain 
academics bad the solution, which 
was to proclaim that the prime 
object of industry was to provide 
jobs, not goods and services for 

As capitalists didn't work to this 
theory, capitalism was to be 
abandoned. It became respectable 
not to go for labour-saving invest- 
ment. but instead to keep on 
unnecessary people; in short, to be 
inefficient was for the public good. 

Arising out of this came the 
theory that good industrial rela- 
tions solved all the problems, and 
personnel directors with consid- 
erable power began to appear in 
boardrooms. It was accepted that 
good industrial relations was the 
no. 1 priority, even above good 
customer relations, and from this 
came the vast increase in union 

Since the war, manufacturing 
industry, with some honourable 
exceptions, has consistently mis- 
read the market requirements. 
Industry in the US never put as its 
no. 1 priority the employment of 
people, nor industrial relations 
ahead of customer relations, but 
pursued efficiency and marketing 
relentlessly: a lesson which Ger- 
many and Japan have learned. 

In recent years manufacturing 
industry has begun to aim to 
please the market and increase 
efficiency, but not costs because of 
higher wage demands. The Labour 
Party arid the trade unions are 

hankering for a reium lo the days 
when employees were more im- 
portant than customers — this will 
accelerate the decline in British 
industry. The only hope is an. 
acceleration of the present trends 
towards productivity and cus- 
tomer satisfaction. 

Yours trulv, 


2 Albert Terrace Mews, NWl. 
October 3. 

From MrJ. E H. Brace 
Sir. The recent spate of ritual 
protests about excessive pay 
awards will of course, achieve 
nothing. By now. the Chancellor 
and the CB1 should have noticed 
that the recipients are. by and 
large, employed either in the 
public sector (where, notionally. 
the Treasury has some possibility 
of influence) or in industries, such 
as electrical contracting, which do 
not export, have no foreign com- 
petition and negotiate wage deals 
on an industry basis. 

In such industries employers are 
safe in the knowledge that they 
will ail raise prices simultaneously 
and that itaeir customers will just 
have to put up with it. Once the 
trend is set. of course, other less 
secure industries are hard put to 
resist the “going rate”. 

The solution, of course, is to 
treat industry wage bargaining like 
any other price-fixing arrange- 
ment and make it illegal. No doubt 
we would hear a chorus of protests 
from employers as well as unions, 
but we might also see some 
tougher negotiating if individual 
employers had to face the prospect 
of real competition. 

Yours faithfully. 

Managing Director, 

John Brace and Associates Ltd, 
Format House. 

1 1 Imperial Road SW6. 

Radio reception 

From the Managing Director, 
External Broadcasting. BBC 
Sir, If Professor Kittens personal 
experience of World Service 
reception on short wave on the 
west coast of the United States is 
that it is “intolerable" (October 8) 
then I am hardly in a position to 
argue with h. But I am in a 
position to welcome his judge- 
ment of our programming as 
“superb”, and to reassure him on 
the following points: 

1. Our other regular Pacific coast 
listeners report World Service 
reception as “fair or (mostly) 
good” on at least one frequency at 
all times. 

2. Audience research reports point 
to a regular World Service audi- 
ence In the United States of two 
million, despite reception that is 
not as easy in some parts as we 
would like it to be. We hope that 
audience will grow further now 
that World Service news and 
current-affairs programmes can be 
relayed on the 300-pjus stations of 
the American public radio net- 

3. Our engineers try to do what 
they can to maximise reception 
within the limitations of a Foreign 
and Commonwealth Office-fi- 
nanced programme whose prior- 
ities lie outside North America. 
Personally. I regard broadcasting 
to friends and allies as almost as 
important as broadcasting to 
dosed societies. We did actually 
change frequencies on our Antigua 
transmitter early this year and all 
our monitoring information 
points to this being a successful 

4. 1 think that Professor Kind is 
wrong about our worldwide lis- 
tener survey. To ask people, 
“What programmes would you 
listen to if there were suitable 
transmission?" is, surely, quite 
unrealistic. Short-wave trans- 
missions are rarely ideal. We want 
to know what people listen to and 
value under the actual listening 
conditions they experience. 

Finally, I myself took over the 
management of Bush House a 
month ago. I would be alarmed to 
think that my presence had al- 
ready cast a hex on west coast 
reception and that I was more 
damaging than a sunspot Hon- 
estly, Professor. I haven’t touched 
a kiloHerz since getting here. 
Yours sincerely, 

JOHN TUSA. Managing Director, 
External Broadcasting, 


Bush House. 

PO Box 76, Strand, WC2. 

October 10. 

EEC and shipping 

From Mr F. M. Everard 
Sir, Mucb of the bumper British 
grain harvest that has just been 
gathered in has been sold to Spain. 
Three cheers for British formers! 
But not one ton of those exports 
win be carried by British ships. 
Spain reserves all “essential” car- 
goes to hs own ships. So British 
barley for the Spanish State brew- 
ing monopotoy is taken by Span- 
ish owners at £6.50 per ton when - 
the going rate would be around £5. 

Three cheers for Spanish ship- 
owners; no cheer for Spanish beer 
drinkers and British owners. 

As the debating season in 
Brussels resumes under the UK 
presidency, British short sea ship- 
owners wryly reflect that, 13 years 
after Britain entered the EC, they 
are still on the receiving end of a 
great deal of discrimination. 
France also reserves many cargoes 
to its own ships. They, together 
with Greece, Italy, Spain and 
Portugal protect entirely their 
coastal trades. Yet the British 

coastal and short sea trade re- 
mains completely open to all 

Proposals for ending all these 
discriminatory and unjust mea- 
sures have been before the 
Community transport ministers 
for 18 months. Decisions still 
seem for off. A few months ago 
British ministers were promising 
to take action if there was no early 
agreement. Now silence reigns. 

British ministers have a 
chairman's role to play for the 
next few months. But impartiality 
in debate must not mean neutral- 
ity of purpose. They must fight 
hard to end this scandal. If 
agreement cannot be> obtained, 
control must be exerted over our 
own cargoes. British short sea 
shipping cannot continue to have 
the worst of both worlds. 

Yours faithfully, 

(Chairman. Short Sea Bulk Sec- 

General Council of British Ship- 

30/32 St Mary Axe, EC3. 

Housing needs 

From Lord Boyd-Carpenter 
Sir, His Royal Highness the Duke 
of Edinburgh, in his admirable 
and most interesting article in 
your issue of today (October 7), 
points out that a major weakness 
in the present organisation of 
housing is the disappearance over 
recent years of rented accom- 
• modation in the private sector. 

While the major structural 
changes which his Royal 
Highness's committee proposes 
would take some time to im- 
plement, the cause and cure of the 
present Jack of rented accom- 
modation is dear. It is the 
consequence of a good deal of well 
intentioned rent restriction and 
landlord and tenant legislation, 
which has destroyed any eco- 
nomic incentive to provide 
accommodation to rent. Ibis has 
been so within my own experi- 

Some 20 years ago 1 was on the 

board of a property company 
which owned and operated a 
substantial number of rented flats 
in the greater London area. When 
it became apparent that we had 
very rarely either obtained pos- 
session or appropriately adjusted 
rents, we came to the clear 
conclusion that, in the interest of 
our shareholders, we would have 
to sell the property. This we did, in 
general giving the first opportu- 
nity of purchase to the tenant 
The position is therefore quite 
clear. Rented accommodation in 
the private sector, with the 
flexibility that it can provide, can 
only be brought into being by a 
drastic revision of current land- 
lord and tenant legislation. As his 
Royal Highness's article makes 
clear, the proper way to deal with 
any hardship resulting is through 
the social services. 

I am. Sir, your obedient servant 

House of Lords. 

October 7. 

KAL shoot-down 

From Mr R. W. Johnson 
Sir. Christopher Andrew, In his 
“review” of my book. Shoot down: 
The Verdict on KAL 007 (October 
4). says he finds more acceptable 
the “com monsense” explanation* 
offered by Mr Hersh — you call it 
“prosaic" — as to how KAL007 
came to be off course. Just one of 
the innumerable suppositions 
Hersh has to make to support his 
theory of an accidental deviation 
off course is that the pilot left the 
flight cabin for five hours at a 
stretch - something unknown in 
intemationa] aviation. Prosaic? 

Mr Andrew also makes great 
play with his claim that “Signifi- 
cantly, the Shoot down index con- 
tains numerous references to the 
CIA but not one for the KGB .” 
This is quite untrue. The index 
details a number of references to 
the Komiiei Gosudarstvennoy 
Bezopasnosti. which, it explains 
both there and in the list of 
acronyms at the front of the book, 
abbreviates to KGB. I am not sure 
what significance Mr Andrew 
attaches to that 
Yours sincerely. 


Magdalen College. Oxford. 

October 7. 

Battle of Britain 

From Mr Martin Gilbert 
Sir. Tbe letters you have published 
about Air Chief Marshal Lord 
Dowding (September 16. 20) have 
led a number of people to ask me, 
as Churchill’s biographer, whether 
it might not have been hostility on 
Churchiirs part that was respon- 
sible for Dowding's eclipse. 

In July. 1940 (before the Battle 
of Britain) the Secretary of State 
for Air. Sir Archibald Sinclair, told 
Churchill that he was considering 
removing Dowding from his com- 
mand. Churchill successfully re- 
jected this advice, informing 

Personally. I think he is one of the 
very best men you have got. and i 
say this after having been in contact 
with him for about two years. I have 
greatly admired the whole or his 
work in the Fighter Command, and 
especially in resisting the .clamour 
for numerous air raid warnings, and 
the immense pressure to dissipate 
tbe Fighter strength during the great 
Firench bottle. In feet be las my full 


Churchill's letter to Sinclair 
j continued: 

gifted and so misted to be working 
on such a short tenure as four 
months, and I hope you will 
consider whether it. is not in the 
public interest that his appointment 
should be indefinitely prolonged 
while the war lasts. This would not 
of course exclude his being mdved to 
a higher position, if that were 
thought necessary. 

In November, 1940, when both 
Sinclair and the Air Staff unani- 

accept their advice. In doing so, 
however, he stressed to Sinclair 
his admiration for Dowding's 
qualities and achievements, and 
seven months later urged Sinclair 
to bring Dowding back to an 
operational command. This pro- 
posal was rejected by Sinclair and 
the Air Staff. 

in June. 1941. immediately 
after the foil of Crete, Churchill 
urged that Dowding should be 
recalled to active service as Com- 
mander-in-Chief of the Middle 
East Air Services. This too was 
rejected In September, 1941, 
CburfaiU wished Dowding to re- 
place Mr Marshal Tedder in the 
Middle East. He was confronted 
once more by the total refusal of 

I - J. * ‘ 

Staff to give Dowding any active 

Finally. I should like to referto a 
booklet on the Battle of Britain, 
issued by the Air Ministry in 1941, 
in which no mention was made of 

The jealousies and cliquism which 
have led the commuting of this 
offence are a discredit to the Air 

Churchill wrote to Sinclair, 
and I do not think any other Service 
department would have been guiliy 
of such a piece of work. What would 
have been said if ihtfWar Office had 
produced the story of the Battle of 
Libya and had managed to exclude 
General Wavell’s name, or if the 
Admiralty had told the tale of 
T rafalgar and left Lord Nelson out of 

Churchilfs letter to Sinclair 

It grieves me very much that you 
should associate yourself with such 
behaviour. I am sure you were not 
consulted beforehand on the point, 
and your natural loyalty ro every- 
thing done in your department can 
alone have, led you to condone what 
nine out of 10 men would unhesitat- 
ingly condemn. 

Yours faithfully. 


— a* Ur- , w-.uaLMun. .. 


OCTOBER 13 1851 

The Great Exhibition held at the 
Crystal Palace in Hyde Park ran 
for five months and 11 days. It 
received 6,201,856 visits, the most 
on any one day totalling just 
under 100,000. Throughout that 
time the police brought only 25 
charges, all for petty larceny 

... It was drawing near five 
o’clock; from the top of Keith and 
Co'b Spitalfields silk trophy, the 
whole nave, east and west, the area 
of tiie transept, and the galleries 
might be seen packed with a dense 
TTuwig of black h ff E R . through which 
at intervals a struggling female 
bonnet emerged here and there 
into light. The vast multitude haH 
now become stationary, and were 

evidently awaiting, in silent but 
intense excitement, the last act of a 
great event, immortal in the annals 
of the 19th century. It was a most 
solemn and affecting scene such as 
has rarely been witnessed, and for 
which an opportunity cannot soon 
again arise. Words cannot do it 
justice, and fail utterly to convey 
the mystery ami the grandeur thus 1 
embodied to the eye. Let the reader 
fancy what it must have been to 
comprehend within one glance 
50.000 people assembled under one 
roof in a fairy palace with walls of 
iron and glass, the strongest and 
the most fragile materials happily 
and splendidly combined. . . Let 
him tax his imagination to the 
uttermost, and still beyond the 
material magnificence of the spec 
tacle presented to him — let him 
remember that the stream of life on 
which he looks down contains in it 
the intellect and the heart of the 
greatest metropolis and the most 
powerful empire in the world. . 
Not only the days, but the minutes 
of the Great Exhibition were 
numbered, and the first sign of its 
dissolution was given for Osier’s 
crystal fountain. Just before five 
o'clock struck, the feathery jet of 
water from its summit suddenly 
ceased, and the silence of the vast 
omhlagp became deeper and 
more intense. 

The moment at last came. Mr 
Beishaw appeared at the west 
corner of the transept-gallery on 
tbe south side, hiring a large red 
Hag in his hand. This be displayed 
as the dock struck, and instantly 
all the organs in the budding were 
hurling into the air the well known 
notes of the National Anthem. At 
the same moment the assembled 
multitudes uncovered; and those 
who witnessed this act of loyalty 
from an advantageous position will 
long remember tire effect which it 
produced upon their minds. Where 
just before nothing was visible but 
mass of black bats gfcratrfring 
away until lost in tbe distance, 
immediately there appeared a great 
sea of upturned animated feces, 
and to the solemn silence of 
expectancy succeeded a volume of, 
sound in which the voices of tbe 
people were heartily joined. The 
Crystal Palace is not adapted for 
organ music, and, notwithstanding 
the number of them exhibited, they 
cannot, from the size of tire 
budding, be played in concert The 
cons eq u en ce was that, as a musical 
performance — there being no 
proper organization in the matter 
tiu singing of “God Save tire 
Queen” was a very discordant 
demonstration of loyalty- Herr 
Sommer did everything in his 
power and in that of his instrument 
to keep tire people in tune, but he 
was only partially successful. Some 
professional singers also gave their 
aid upon the occasion, and inspired 
the assemblage to follow. . . About 
tire feeling which accompanied it 
there could be no mistake, for as 
soon as it had dosed there arose 
such cheers as Englishmen alone 
know how to give. These were 
continued for several minutes, and 
when the last of them died away 
there passed over tire entire budd- 
ing, and with an effect truly 
sublime, a tremendous roUi 
sound, like that of thunder, earn 
by thousands of feet stamping their 
loyalty upon tire boarded floors. 
Under this demonstration every 
part of the edifice trembled, and, as 
it swept from west to east, many an 
eye was raised with anxiety to tbe 
gilders and pillars, which in kmg 
perspective were stretched out 
before them. . . And now tire time 
had arrived for the death peel ofj 
tire Exhibition to be rang (Hit. 

.. At last it came, and a perfect 
storm of bell peals broke over the 
budding, . . 

In common currency : 

From Mr Gareth Morris 
Sir, Mr Ray Ward (October 4)- 
wonders when the abbreviation-. 
for “pound" was first used in its 
stylized form of £ and was placed-- 
before the figure; he notes that iff' 
I83Z according to your “On This* 
Day” item (September27) about’-' 
Sir Walter Scott, it appears to have - 
been a lowercase/, placed afierthe ■ 
figure. “Phiz’s” famous mistake __ 
on the vignette title page of Martin - 
Chuzztmt suggests that in 1844- 
the usage was as it is today: in the - 
first issue of the first edition he ' 
had drawn “10G£ Reward”, but-- 
this was promptly corrected in the' 
second issue. 

Yours faithfully, 


4 West MalL 
Clifton, Bristol, Avon. 

Baker’s dozen? - 

From Mr John Lusted - 

Sir, Page 24 of today’s Times’ 
contains a photograph of the 13 - 
ladies who form the production-, 
team for the BBC radio pro- 
gramme, Woman’s Hour. 

Can the BBC reassure us that 
they do not practise sexual- 
discrimination and that aft other. 

areas of the Corporation’s activity- 
are not equally overstaffed? 

Yours sincerely, 


The Old Forge, 

WestweU, Ashford, Kent ~ 







October 11; The Queen left 
Heathrow Airport, London this 
afternoon in a British Airways 

J ’ri-star 200 aircraft (Captain 
otan Lester) for the State visit 
to the People's. Republic of 
China and the visit to Hong 

_Her Majesty was received 
upon arrival at the Airport by 
Mr Michael King (Chairman 
and Managing Director, 
Heathrow Airport Ltd). Field 
Marshal Sir Edwin Bramall (Her 
Majesty's Lord-Lieutenant of 
Greater London). Mr Yue 
.tunning (Chinese .Charge 
a’Affaires). Captain John Jessop 
(representing British Airways) 
and Sir Norman Payne (Chair- 
man. BAA pfc). 

'The following will be in 
attendance: the Right Hon Sir 
Geoffrey Howe. MP (Secretary 
of State for Foreign and 
Commonwealth Affairs, Min- 
ister-in- Attendance) and Lady 
Howe, the Duchess of Grafton, 
Mrs John Dugdale, the Right 
Hpn Sir William Heseltine, Sir 
Peter Miles. Rear-Admiral Sir 
foil Greening. Mr Robert 
Ftfllowes. Mr Michael Shea, 
Surgeon Captain Norman 
BlackJock. RN. Air Vice-Mar- 
shal John Seveme and Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel Blair Stewarl- 

- The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips this afternoon at Twick- 
enham attended a Rugby 
Match, as guest of the Rugby 
Football Union, between the 
Japan Rugby Union and an 
England XV. 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by die President of the 
Rugby Football Union (Mr A 

The. Princess Anne, Mrs Marie 
Phillips, attended by Miss Vic- 
toria Legge-Bourke, travelled in 
an aircraft of The Queen's 

October 11: Miss Jane Waflcer- 
Ofee over has succeeded Lady 
Elizabeth Basset as Lady-in- 
Waitinc to Queen Elizabeth The 
Queen Mother. 

Princess Anne, Patron of the 
Association of Combined Youth 
Dubs, will visit the dubs' 
headquarters on October 22 and 
formally open the centre to be 
used as the base for the Man- 
power Services Community 
Programme Project, Battersea. 
She will also visit member dubs 
and attend the annual meeting 
and presentation at Mercers 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Air Vice- Marshal D.CT. 
Bennett will be held at St 
Clement Danes on Friday, 
November 21 . at noon. Applica- 
tions for tickets, accompanied 
by a stamped self-addressed 
envelope, should reach the Min- 
istry of Defence, SIGsfAir), 
Room 607 Adastral House. 
Theobalds Road, London, 
WCIX 8RU. by October 31. 
Applicants should stale their 
connection with Air Vice-Mar- 
shal Bennett or the organization 
they represent, if applicable. 
Tickets will be issued seven to 
ten days before the service. 
Unsuccessful applicants will 
also be notified. Applications 
must NOT be made to St 
Clement Danes. 

Memorial service 

Professor WJHL Wittrick 
A memorial service for Profes- 
sor William Wittrick was held at 
St- Francis HalL Birmingham 
ifoi versify, on Saturday. The 
Rev Robin Morrison officiated. 
? 3 Kjgi*d by the Rev Christopher 
TucketL Professor M J. Hamlin, 
Pro- Vice-Chancellor and acting 
Vice-Chancellor of Birmingham 
University, and Professor 
GA.O. Davies, head of the 
department of aeronautics. Im- 
perial College of Science and 
Technology, gave addresses. Mr 
R.W. Horsington . read 
“Autumn", by John Betjeman. 

Old Cliftonians 

Old Giftonians resident in the 
UK who have not yet received 
file 1986 magazine are asked to 
communicate with the secretary 

Service luncheons 

Royal Indian Navy (1612-1947) 

Cgptain WJ.M. Teaie presided 
at the annual luncheon of the 
Rqyal Indian Navy (1612-1947) 
Association held at the Cafe 
Royal on Saturday. 

Royal Inins killing Fnsifiers 
Major-General E.H.W. 
Grimshaw presided at the an- 
nual luncheon of the Royal 
IhniskiUing Fusiliers held at the 
Duke of York's Headquarters, 
Chelsea, on Saturday. 


Sunnons & Simmons 
The Partners and Staff of 
Simmons & Simmons ede- 
Ufated the ninetieth anniversary 
of the founding of the firm by 
the twin brothers Percy and 
Edward Simmons at a dinner at 
the Savoy Hold on Friday 
qjjghL A toast to the firm was 
proposed by the senior partner, 
Mr Stephen James. 

Faculty of Advocates 
IThe Faculty of Advocates held 
iis biennial dinner in the Par- 
liament Hall. Edinburgh, on 
Saturday. The dean of the 
faculty. Mr J.A.D. Hope; QC, 


Mr Donald Cooper; aged 56, 
deputy chief inspector of ac- 
cidents, Department of Trans- 
port. to become chief inspector 
from November 7 in succession 
to Mr Geofftey Wilkinson. 
Uenrauurt-Geaeral Sir David 
Mostyn to be Adjutant General, 
Ministry of Defence, in Decem- 
ber in the rank of general, in 
succession General Sir Roland 
Guy. He will be a member of the 
Army Board of the '-Defence 

Major-General M.T. Skinner to 
be Director- General Weapons 
(Army), Procurement Exec- 
utive. this month In succession 
to Major-General RJ- Crossley. 
Brigadier M.T. Fogard to be 
Director of Army Legal Services 
in December, in the rank of 
major-generaL in succession to 
Major-General J.F. Bowman. 

presided. The faculty’s guests 
included the presidents' and 
other representatives of Ibe bars 
and law societies of Austria, 
Belgium, Canada. Denmark, 
England and Wales. France, 
Luxembourg, The Netherlands, 
Northern Ireland; the- Republic 
of Ireland. Spain and ofScottish 
andjniemalionaJ legal organiza- 
tions. They earlier attended a 
luncheon in the Advocates’ 
Library given by the dean of 
faculty. In the afternoon an 
address was delivered in the 
Laigh Hall, Parliament House; 
by Mr John Smith, QC MP, to 
the faculty’s guests and mem- 
bers of the Scottish bench and 
bar and die Law Society of 

Service dinner 

1st ■ Household Cavalry 

Lieutenant-Colonel GA Mur- 
ray-Smith presided at the forti- 
eth annual reunion and dinner 
of the 1st Household Cavalry 
Regiment held at Hyde Park 
Barracks on Saturday. Major- 
General Sir Allan Adair was the 
guest of honour and a message 
was received from the Queen, 
Colonel-in-Chief of the 

Clifford Longley 

Blank screen of royal belief 

Relations between the Queen 
and her family and the re- 
' iigious life of the nation are a 
frequent source of speculation 

in inverse proportion to the 

amount of factual substance to 
iL On a blank screen everyone 
is free to project his or her 

fantasies or to call the name of 

royalty in aid of any favoured 

Thus the Queen has been 
apologized to by the Church 
House authorities, for a 
Communion service by a 
woman priest in a hall m that 
building which .happens to 
come within the ancient limits 
of Westminster Abbey, a 
Royal Peculiar. It is said to be 
under her ‘-personal 
jurisdiction'", as if she super- 
vised the bookings herself. 

But the alleged slight is 
fanciful, except in the minds 
of those for whom female 
ordination is abhorrent, for it 
cannot be supposed that the 
Supreme Governor of the 
Church of England either 
knows or cares what transpires 
in the Bishop Partridge Hall 
day by day: and the Move- 
ment for the Ordination of 
Women, whose booking it 
was, can hardly be disbelieved 
when it denies any intention 
to offend her. 

Beyond the narrowest of 
court circles no one really 
knows what the Queen thinks 
about the ordination of 
women anyway. Moderately 
Low Church .Anglicans who 
have enough theology not to 
mistake the key points of the 

argument tend to be in favour 
ofii; and she is in that class. It 
is unlikely she holds strongly 
to Sr Paul’s view that a woman 
must not have authority over 
a man. 

It is unlikely, on the other 

nothing, and it appears, to be a 
rule with ner never to venture 
into religious controversy; nor 
does she allow her' family and 
court to do so (unless one 
counts the Duke of 
Edinburgh's reputed habit of 

such as would completely 
explain similar conduct from 
more ordinary mortals. 

This very low profile of 
conduct from a Royal Family 
which certainly seems to take 
very seriously its Christian 
thatlbe Iwovnof fefth « “ keeping with its. 
illness. But she has said Jjd 0 ' pohey of abstaining 
from public controversy on 
political matters; and such a 
course would need no farther 
explanation if the only issue 
was the encouragement of 
peace between churchmen and 
churches. But the nature of 

slapping dories on the back 
and asking them loudly why 
they believe in God). 

In a similar way the Prince 
of Wales’s recent discreet visit 
to a Roman Catholic Mass in 
the company of Roman 
Catholic friends brought ex- 
cited Protestant condemna- 
tion from the Church Society, 
which conceives it as its duty 
to keep England clear of all 
papal contamination; and 

warm approval from Roman 
Catholic spokesmen, as if the 
Prince had done something 
really special for them. 

The visit may in- fact have 

g ‘ven him a distaste for 
atholicism and led him to 
thank God for his own native- 
born Anglicanism, for all any- 
one knows: or he may be 
about to convert, thereby 
spectacularly surrendering his 
daim in the royal succession. 
It is much less exciting to 
suppose that the visit was 
motivated by ecumenical 
courtesy and pious curiosity. 

society and of religious feeling 
within it has- changed j fun- 
damentally' in the present 
Queen's own lifetime, and 
indeed in her own reign. 

The great divide is now 
between those for whom re- 
ligious ideas and feelings,, 
except for bouts of occasional 
sentimentality, have receded 
to the margins of conscious- 
ness; and those for whom they 
are still the very backbone of 
existence. A traditional policy 
of neutrality on questions of 
religion, applied in that new 
context, becomes a policy of 
neutrality between, the 
conflicting daims of secularist 
materialism and Christian 
faith, and hence a statement - 
communicated ironically by 
silence - that the choice does 
not matter. 

Attributed to a totally secu- 
lar head of state such a 
proposition would be merely a 
private one; but coming from 
the Supreme Governor of the 
Church of England it has 
public weight. If it leaves the 

monarchy as indeed a blank 
screen on to which people may 
project their own images and 
preferences, then the wqie«> 
tion in such a case will be the 
secularist one. 

The Queen will be pre- 
sumed to regard religion as no 
more important than most of 
her subjects think it is; and a 
matter of private personal 
opinion at that- In fact, to 
move away from that neutral- 
ity would -probably not risk 
bringing the Crown into dis- 
respect, for public rt^al sip- 
port for the tenets of right 
religion is already part of the 
iob.specificatioa; and the- pub- 
lic already know that. 

As it is, royal involvement 
with religion at a highly visible 
public level tends to be con- 
fined to set-pieces full of 
ancient ceremonial like wed- 
dings and national thanks- 

f "wings, or to archaic customs 
ke Ma unday Money. It 
contributes to the 

colourfulness of the tourist 

brochures and rings all the 
right historical bells; but it 
does not enable those who 
take part to bridge the distance 
between themselves and or- 
dinary people* or between the 
past inheritance of religious 
faith and the present relevance 
of it. 

If it only ever appears as 
part of the tradition of the 
past, in old-fashioned customs 
and old-fashioned language, 
the widely held view that 
relipon is out of place in the 
contemporary world will be 
generally confirmed. 


Mr V.G.B. Guinness 
and Miss LJ. RHctt-Caraac 
The marriage took place cm 
Saturday in Winchester Cathe- 
dral of Mr Valentine Guinness, 
son of the Hon Jonathan 
Guinness, of Qsbaston HalL 
.Leicestershire, and Mis Paul 
Channon. of Kelvedon HalL 
Essex, and Miss Luanda Rivett- 
Camac. daughter of Com- 
mander and Mrs Miles Rivett- 
Camac, of Martyr Worthy 
Manor. Hampshire. The Rev Sir 
Nicholas RJveti-Camac offici- 
ated. assisted by the Rev A. 
Knight and Canon E.R.G. Job. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage "by her father, was 
attended by the Hon Richard 
Charteris, Patrick Guinness. 
Jasmine Guinness. Alexandra 
Villar. Sophia Ackroyd. Miss 
Georgia Channon, Miss Daphne 
Guinness, Miss Caroline Villar, 
and Miss Sophie Holland- 
Bosworlh. Mr Charles Cory- 
Wright .was best man. 

• A reception was held at the 
home . of .the. .bride and _the 
honeymoon trill be spent .in 

Mr AJ. Bateso* - 

and Mrs D-JJL Asttln 

The marriage took, place on 
Saturday, October 11, at St 
Mary' Church, Knebworth, 
Hertfordshire, between Mr Alec 
John Bateson and Mrs Isabel 
Phillippa Austin. 

Mr R.W. Harvey 
and Miss PJBL McGill 
.The marriage took (dace on 
Saturday, October 4, at St 
Michael’s Church, Salwarpe, . 
near Droitwich, of Mr Richard 
William Harvey, youngest son 
of Mrs P.M. Harvey and the late 
Mr EJLH. Harvey, of Bath, 
Avon, and Miss Patricia Ruth 
McGill, only daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Patrick McGill, of 
Roselea Cottage, Ladywood. 
Droitwich. The Rev AJ. Willis 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Joanna and 
Benedick Harvey. Dr Nick 
Mann was best man. 

Mr RM.W. Hulse 
and Miss DA Bnrffeerton 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. October 11, at All 
Saints Church. Farley, Wilt- 
shire, of Mr Edward Michael 
Westrow Hulse and Miss Doone 

The bride was attended by the 
Hon Charlotte Aitken, Daisey 
Meyrick, Sophie Windsor Give. 
Sebastian and Hugo FitzGerald 
and Oliver Dennison. 

A reception was held at 
Eariswood House, home of the 
bride, and the honeymoon is 
being spoil abroad. 

Mr GJ. Martin 
and Miss F-M. Greenwood 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at St Mary's, 
Bakombe. of Mr Charles Mar- 
tin. younger son of Mr and Mrs 
Patrick Martin, of Clonsiila. 
Dublin, and Miss Fiona Green- 
wood. younger daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Richard Greenwood, of 
Bakombe, West Sussex. The 
Rev Russell Chamberlain and 
Dom Philip Jebb, OSB, 

The bride, wbowas given in- 
marriage by her father, . was. 
attended by Miss. Catherine 
Hindson, Miss- Maria Martin, 
Sophia BunelL - Lady Flora 
Grim st on and Susie TyrelL Mr 
AShley Preston was best man. 

A reception was held at the 
home of the bride and the 
honeymoon is being spent 

Mr N JL Tbeakston 
and Miss VJVL South wefl 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, at St Peter’s, Ruthin, 
of Mr Nicholas Tbeakston. d- 
destsorrof Mr and Mrs Michael 
Tbeakston. of Swinion. Ripon, 
North Yorkshire, and Miss Vic- 
toria South wdL elder daughter 
of Mr and Mrs John South wefl. 
of Llamhyd. Ruthin. Clwyd. 
Archdeacon J. Jenlrins-Jones 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Emma and Sarah 
Straker. Timothy and Matthew 
Burke and Miss Sarah 
South wdL Mr Jonathon Ma- 
thias was best roan. 

The police earn 
a lot more than 

Being one of London's police 
pubuc. officers is more demanding and 

more dangerous than most jobs. 
Understandably; it pays better, too. 
If you come in at our mini- 
mum age, 18 1 *, you’ll start 
on £9,648, including London 

If you’re over twenty-two, 
your added maturity will be of more use to us. So youll start 
on more, £11,652. On top of this, you’re, entitled to a tax-paid 
rent allowance of up to £2,811, depending on where you live, 
or free accommodation. 

Promotion to Sergeant brings with it a basic salary of 
£14,268, rising to £16,089. Promotion to Inspector can earn 
you £16,854, rising to £18,783. However, you’ve got plenty of 
intensive training, a couple of stiff exams and a lot of 
experience to gain before you get that far. 

To apply, you will have to be at least 172cms tall if you're 
a man, or 162cms for a woman. Ideally, you should have 
around five ‘O’ levels, but qualifications aren’t everything. 
We’re also looking for all, the personal qualities that make a 
good police officer. Finally, despite what we’ve said so far, we 
don’t want to hear from any- 
one who’s just interested in 
the salary 

The real rewards ofbe- 
ing a police officer, at artyj 
level, aren’t the sort you 
can put in the bant and avery go o d swj gc 



Birthdays today 

Air Vice-Marshal John Allen- 
Jones. 77; Lord Justice Bing- 
ham, S3: Mrs Edwina Currie. 
MP, 40, Sir Denis Forman, 69; 
Sir Leslie Fowden, 61; Rear- 
Admiral John Grant, 78; Mr 
Justice Hutchison. S3: Mr J.M. 
Menzies. 60. M Yves Monland, 
63; Dame Sheiagb Roberts. 
MEP, 62; Air Chief Marshal Sir 
Frederick Rosier. 71; Mr John 
Shaw. 45; Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher, MP. 61. 

Parliament this week 

Howe of Lords 

Today: Housing and Planning BID. 
com miner stage. 

Tomorrow and Thursday: Financial 
Services Bill, report stage. 
Wednesday: National Heatssi Service 
(Amendment) Bill, committee stage. 
Friday: European Communities 
{Amendment) BUI. committee stage. 



Mr AJ. Lenae 
ami Miss FX. Ham 
The engagement is announced 
between Adrian, son of Sir 
Montague and Lady Levine, of 
Heme HiU, London, and 
Frances, younger daughter of 
Mr and Mrs AF. Ham, of 
Bidborough, KenL 

Mr HLC. Blake-Thomas 
and Miss D-A WHHainsotL 
The engagement is announced 
between Hugh, youngest son of 
the late Mr B. Blake-Thomas 
and of Mrs A. Blake-Thomas. of 
Caterham, Surrey, and Deb- 
orah. second daughter of Mr and 
Mrs D.H. Williamson, Onchan. 
Isle of Man. 

Mr HJVL Chambers 
and Miss SJLG. Stoker 
The engagement is announced 
between Hugh Miles, eldest son 
of Major and Mrs Pip Cham- 
bers, of Ellesmere College. 
Shropshire, and Sarah Louise 
Galbraith, daughter of Mr and 
Mra-Sam Stoker, of Hatfield 
College. Durham University. 

Mr T-j: Cooke 
and Miss SJ. Forf 
The engagement is announced 
between Timothy, son of Mr 
and Mrs JJ. Cooke, of 
Ravens head, Nottinghamshire, 
and Sara, daughter of Mr C.H. 
Fond, of Easuxne, West Mid- 
lands. and Mrs D.G. LynaU, of 
Barford, Warwick. 

Mr &A. Coalman 
and Miss SJ. Baldwin 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen, eldest son of 
Mr and Mr* A.G. Coulman, of 
21 Netherstone Grove, Four 
Oaks, Sutton Coldfield, West 
Midlands, and Sheila, elder 
daughter of Mr and Mrs J.F. 
Baldwin, of 6 Cheviot Close, 

Mr D-B. Fransen 

and Miss SJL German . 

The engagement is announced 
between David, son of Mr and 
Mrs Bernard Fransen, of 
Nortbwood. Middlesex, and Sa- 
rah. daughter of Mr and Mis 
Howard German, of Harrow, 

rvfr P J. Hewlett 
and Miss SJL Magnire 
The engagement is announced 
between Philip John, younger 
son of Mrs Josette Hewlett, of 
Chingford. London, and the late 
Mr Terence Hewlett, and 
Susannah Elizabeth, daughter of 
the Rev Brian and Mrs Maguire, 
of The Rectory, Haxby York. 

Dr RJML Kea tinge 
and Miss AJEL Spencer 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard Mayne, only 
son of Professor and Mrs Wil- 
liam R_ Keaiinge. of London, 
and Arm Elizabeth, elder daugh- 
ter of the late Mr Ralph Spencer. 
FRCS. and Mrs Spencer, of 

Mr SLE. Hotse 

and Princess Alexandra 

The engagement is announced 
between Stuart Hulse, of 
Remington, London, and 
Alexandra, daughter of Prince 
Michael Obolensky, of Madrid. 
Mr S. Lobb 
and Mbs P. Holland 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen, son of the late 
Mr J.H. Lobb and Mrs Lobb, of 
Victoria. Australia, and Per- 
sephone, daughter of the Rev 
W.M.T. andMrs Holland, of 
Steeple Aston, Oxford. 
and Miss AS. Chbhotm 
The engagement is announced 
between Gerald Anthony, sec- 
ond son of Mr and Mrs R.H. 
Mahon, of ShenfiekL Essex, and 
Annabel Susan, elder daughter 
of Professor M.D.l. Chisholm 
and Mrs EGJE. Chisholm, of 

Mr S.G. Mo nt go me ry 
and Mbs D lA. ArtingstaD 
The engagement is announced 
between Stuart Geoige, only son 
of Mr and Mrs David 
Montgomery, . oT Musselburgh. 
Midlothian, and Deborah Anne, 
only daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Peter Aroogstall, of Thakeham, 
West Sussex. 

Mr JJLBu Peacock 
and Mbs M. Nikobka 
The engagement is announced 
between Roderick, son of the 
late MrJ-B. Peacock and Mis E 
Peacock, of Bowdon, Cheshire, 
and Maria, daughter of -Mr L 
Nikolsky and Mrs O. Sorokin of 
New York. United States. 
and Mbs WJL Skimw'pgs 
The engagement is announced 
between Roger, youqrer son of 
Mr and Mrs T.F. Purdie, of 
Buckinghamshire, and Wendy 
Elizabeth, daughter of the fate 
Mr Edwin John Skimmings and 
Mrs Dorothy J. Skimmings, of 
Walkerston, Queensland, 

Mr M.C. Spink' 
and Mbs HJ. BafRogtoa 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael, eldest son of 
Dr and Mrs F.R. Spink, of 
Brockham, Surrey, and Henri- 
etta. younger daughter of Mr 
David Babington, of Pitt Street, 
London. WS. and Mrs Nicola 
Stevenson, of Thornton Ave- 
nue. London, W4. 

Mr MG. Saffivan 
and Mbs VJ* Macdonald 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark, only son of Mr 
and Mrs T. Sullivan, of Kenil- 
worth, Warwickshire, and Vic- 
toria, only daughter of Mr and 
Mrs 1-A. Macdonald, of Ascot, 
■Mr DJP. Trnslove 
and Mbs LH. MacLarea 
The engagement is announced 
between David, son of Mr and 
Mrs P.E. Truslove, of UftotL 
Leamington Spa. and Heather, 
daughter of the late Mr AP. 
MacLaren and Mrs AP. Mac- 
Lareru of Farnham, Surrey. 

Science report 

Insight into growth of deer antlers 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

A new insight into hormone 
control over brae growth, 
wound healing and tissue 
regeneration has come from 
Observations of the animal 
r e gro w th of antlers of red deer 
in Scotland. 

The results were presented 
at a recent meeting of the 
Royal Society in London as a 
unique example of the link 

• — -f' ' 

WHF.N VoV t xTB'ipr. ▼ 

in mammals and its control by 
sex hormones. 

The investigation had other 
unusual aspects: it was a joint 
inquiry ' between die Medical 
Research Council’s reproduc- 
tive biology unit in Edinburgh 
and an animal research group 
at the Institute of Zoology, at 
Regent's Park. 

Tire complex natnre of the 
cycle, in which the animal 
sheds its antlers at die end of 
the breeding season and 
redevelops them each year, 
became apparent in research 
started 15 years ago by Dr 
Gerald* Lincoln, of the 
reproductive biology unit He 
began by examining free-liv- 
ing red deer on the Isk of 
Rfanm, off the west coast of 
Scotland, and the measure- 
ments have continued using* a 
S Bfoodlhin5y{4) t 4 

small group of stags kept on a 
deer farm near 
Auchten n udity. Fife. 

The rate at which the new 
antlers grow is a remarkable 
physiological phenomenon. 
They develop at ap to ooe 
centimetre a' day and a com- 
plete new set, weighing as 
much as 25 kg in the moose, 
may be produced in three 

The medical and animal 
research team are fascinated 
by the biofogy which underlies 
both the seasonal deciduous 
process and the genetics that 
determine the shape of the 

The centre of a growing 
antler is formed eg cartilage; 
which becomes p ro gressively 
harder with deposits of cal- 
cium. The mowing antler fa 
provided with an abundant 
supply of nutrients from a 
prolific network of blood ves- 
sels in the thick covering of 
skin, , which is also rich in 
nerve fibres and the hair 
follicles' that produce the vel- 
vet fine covering of hair. 

When the antlers reach 
maturity, a rapid change oc- 
curs. A final period of 
caldficationjakes pkqp. The 

blood supply fa suddenly re- 
stricted and the layer of skin is 
shed. When exposed the hard 
underlying bone dies and then 
remains intact for six months . 

Each stage of the cycle, from 
the shedding id the velvet and 
casting of the dead antler, to 
regrowth, fa associated with 
changes in the concentrations 
of the male hormone testos- 

Tbe pattern of the male 
hormone levels is syn- 
chronized to the time of the 
year and day length, involving 
the secretion of melatonin 
from the ptneal gland . That in 
torn influences the release of 
the stimulant from the brain, 
LHRH, that, triggers the 
secretion of the gonadotrophic 
hormone by what is sometimes 
regarded as the master control 
of the body's endocrine sys- 
tem, the pituitary gland. 

Stags given an implant of 
long-acting doses of hormones 
retained their antiers for 
longer periods. SimUarty. re- 
growth was interrupted if there 
was a deliberate change in foe 
normal growth of skin over the 
peskfe from which the antler 
had been shed. 

Notable composer and teacher 

Miss Priaulx Rainier, who 
died in France on October 10. 
at the age of 83, was known as 
a composer of scrupulous 
judgment and discriminating 
tayto Though she did _ not 
court a wide appeaL writing 
little (generally for small 
groups) and publishing less; 
she won the admiration or 
musicians of the calibre of 
Bax. Tippeix, Sir Wiliam 
Glock and Sir Peter Pears, ana 
the affection of many friends 
and pupils. 

She was bora in Natal on 
February 3, 1903, and after an 
early childhood in ZuJufand 
she. studied at the South 
African College of Music, 
Cape Town. There her violin 
playing won ho - a Cape Urn- 

extreme but no t ex cessive 
demands on her pertonners. 
The firm, sometimes abrupt 
but skilfully contrasted ges- 
tures of her muse have a 
certain obvious affinity .with 
the sculpture of her mend 
Barbara Hepwonh. 

Other works that made an 
impression included an or- 
chestral Sinfonia da camera 
f 19*47) a Suite for clarinet and 
piano (1943), a second Siring 
Quartet (1966), some songs 
and piano musiawd espe- 
cially the impassioned Requi- 
em of) 956. 

She also composed a re- 
markable unaccompanied 
"Declamation" for Peter 
Pears, which she said she 

iw— - wears, wmui **!*■ "*■ 

playing won her a Cape U m- . . d ^ difficult as any of her 

versityscholarahiptptheRoy- u, write, 

al Academy of Muac >n J920, . m ^ 

and she settled in Loudon, 
earning her living as a violin- 
ist and teacher. In 1937 she 
studied with Nadia Boulanger 
in Paris. . . 

She first won international 
notice as a composer with her 
String Quartet of 1939. In this, 
many of the qualities which 
were to mark her idiotn were 
convincingly revealed. They 
include a sharp clarity of 
thought, and the use of con- 
ventional techniques in an 
entirely independent manner: 
laconic, rigorous and strictly 
aiguol However, there is also 
in her music a wit that is 
captivatingly displayed in her 
Viola Sonata of 1 945. 

Herself a gifted violinist and 
pianist, she knew how to make 

Apart from her achieve- 
ments as a composer, she. was 
one of the ouistanding teach- 
ers of her lime, almost compa- 
rable with her own mentor, 
Nadia Boulanger, of whose 
qualities her pupils felt they - 
were receiving the benefit at 
one remove. .As a professor of 
composition at the Royal 
Academy from 1943 lo_ 1961 
she influenced a generation of 
musicians. ’ 

Her standards were un- 
flinchingly high, and this 
made, her a stimulating, de- 
manding, rewarding compan- 
ion: those who knew her, and 
penetrated a certain shyness, 
found a personality of unique 
warmth, wit and talent. 

She was unmarried. 


Dr Rudolf Flesch, an Amer- 
ican authority on illiteracy, 
died in New York on October 
5. He was 75. 

Illiteracy and near-illitera- 
cy. he maintained, were wide- 
spread in the United States 
because the nation's schools 
were teaching children the 
meaning of whole words rath- 
er to read by phonics, or the 
sounds of letters. “All alpha- 
betic languages except English 
are taught this way. Why do 
we do it differently V 

He castigated teachers who 
taught children to read by 
using the so-called look-and- 
say method rather than sys- 
tematic phonics. “Over 60 
million illiterates", said 
Flesch, “are the victims of our 
own educational 


Rudolf Franz Flesch was 
born in Vienna on May 8. 
191 1. He received a doctorate 
of law from the University of 

Vienna in 1933 and left for 
America five years later. . He 
earned another doctorate; in 
library science, from Colum- 
bia University in 1943, and 
the following year became a 
naturalized US citizen. 

He was a prolific writer on 
illiteracy, and caught the pub^ 
lie eye with his first work. The 
Art of Plain Talk (1946), m 
which he advocated a plain, 
easy-to-read style of writing. 

Other books included The 
Art of Readable Writing 
(1949). How to Make Sense 
( 1954) and IVhv Johnny Can !( 
Read (1955). ‘Almost three 
decades later Johnny was no 
further forward, Flesch con- 
tended, when he published 
Why Johnny Still Can’t Read. 

He married, in 1941, Eliza- 
beth Terpen ning. She died in 
1975. There were five daugh- 
ters and one son of the 


Mr Ivor Bulmer-Thomas 

Sir Vincent Lloyd-Jones, 
the facts of whose life you 
recorded on September 25, 
was in his prime one of the 
best speakers and raconteurs 
of the day. 

Having studied the English 
language at the feet of Cham- 
bers and modelled himself on 
his hero Asquith, he delivered 
beautifully constructed sen- 
tences that could persuade or 

He could have made a 
career in politics no less than 
at the Bar, and it may not be 
without significance that 
when he went to the Palace to 
be dubbed he was announced 
as “Mr Winston Lloyd 
George.” He was invited to 
stand as a Liberal for Carmar- 
then. but in the end decided to 
devote himself exclusively to 
the law. 

He was bound to become a 
judge, but it was a pity that 

when he did he was put in the 
Family Division, where he 
found the business of termi- 
nating marriages utterly 

He was brought up in the 
strictest seat of Welsh noncon- 
formity. The eminent preach- 
er Dr Martyn Lloyd-Jones was 
his brother, and his own 
conduct of a Sunday School 
class at the Charing Cross 
Road chapel is still remem- 
bered with admiration. De- 
spite this background he 
hovered all his adult life on 
the brink of Roman 

Chesterton was another 
hero, and he was a leading 
figure in the Thomas More 
Society. Nevertheless, in the 
end it was in his Anglican 
parish church that his soul was 
commended to its maker. 

As befitted a Welshman, he 
had a great love of music, aixl 
it was a joy to him to see his 
son, David, become conduc- 
tor of the Opera of the North. 


Dr Reginald (Rex) Salisbury 
Woods died recently, at the 
age of 94. 

He retired only four years 
ago as the oldest active medi- 
cal practitioner in Cambridge, 
where for sixty years he had 
been a familiar, loved and 
admired figure. 

Bom on October 15. 1891, 
he was educated at Dulwich 
and Downing College, Cam- 
bridge. where he gained a half- 
blue for weight-putting (the 
first undergraduate to achieve 
more than 40 feet). 

Later he was British weight- 
putting champion and repre- 
sented the country at the 1 924 
and 1928 Olympics. 

In both world wars he 
served in the RAMC, and in 
peactirae worked in general 
practice, though he also quali- 
fied as a surgeon and was 
elected FRCS. 

During the Second World 
War : be was able to practise 
suigery for a time, while 
serving in Mauritius and 

He took a special interest in 
the treatment of sporting inju- 
ries. on which he published a. 
number of articles. 

His wife, formeriy • Irene 
Pickering, who was prominent' 
in the ATS during the last war. 
died in 1976. They had one 
son and two daughters. 

Mr Heinz Afoot Pinner, r a 
lawyer who fled Nazi Germa- 
ny and prevailed in efforts to 
win restitution for Hitler’s 
victims, died recently in Loi' 
Angeles at the age of 93. 

For his work, the- West 
German government last year 
awarded him the Grand Cross . 
of the Order of Merit 

Mr Emaimel Sayles, a banjo , 
player who was a mainstay oF 
virtually every Preservation^ 

Hall Jaz2 Band over the past. 
25 years, died at New Orleans - 
on October 5. He was 79. • •- 

Recognized as the best of 
the New Orleans banjo players.-: 
from ihe old era, he madebis-^ 
mark with old standards like; 
"Si James’ Infirmary" ; 

University news 


Mr Duncan A Forbes has been 
appointed bursar of Mansfield 
College from October i. 


Dr Iain Thormon has succeeded 
Professor Gordon Conway as 
chairman of the Imperial Col- 
lege Centre for Environmental 
Technology from October L 


fe:S d 6l|®TOp , ^SS 

and Professor D C Leslie for research 

spare observatory longwave 

a senior fcttowahlp, 


Sir James Spooner has been 
elected chairman of the council 
in succession to Lord JeUicoc. 

Birmin gham 


caJHu .Conservancy CovnrtW 
£ 99.158 to Dr J w uayo lor M . 
r-i5* , *5!J? n 'P 1 ® iwdronayriww™ * 
gWAnguan fen systems. ■ 1 ’ 

gw™. pr P Hart^'inS'or 

tooUlKi lor computer. l/W* . 
W3UM oesign ajvi nanufKtuiv. 




° W Fuller. XX R - 

SS« “«:■ 



•v v 

'k S* 


X~f t *• >■* 

f . *■ 


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Jr _• 

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*4 Duncan to study W- 



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births, marriages 
. deaths 
and in memoriam 





. Ji 

■W*. ' 

ti»4b • ■ ’ ■■ 

vus ; 

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it-: r,.-i 

Wjitr .. . 


Wv*' _ ‘ 

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‘•r-. i: 


M* Sepumtier 


# ^9flfi"j«2l!L? a¥lai ' 501 October 
" «®w Place. 

DW Lraum Chester* Fouodnuon, 
^martwto. LX. Untod «son! 
S* 1 **: MMhutst <073 Ml 





Johnny, a daupHcr, 

Pandwa ^nd 


K >1 I f || s( 


!}»•••■. • 
'* - 
*. CJ : 




r.* • . 

•• •. v ; 

Ni MOM »■■':> 5 



*•' ' '■ T 

►•.V.- «• 

Ht v 

1 1 1 1 111 - On octoba- 7Hi xi ci 

S^ukTrSI^ Pa SJ nBten * to 

IWM8T • On October 7Bt to Kattwr- 
a sen. Charles Hampden. 

LLOYD On October icah igg&_ in 

sr5^ < ar“~si t .» 

Catherine Louise. ^ * “a«9Mer. 

'SS'Skss: s 

P llVSt-RAmuiJ . On Friday i 2 Hi 

S»«on$fr to Anna infeSSU^S 

gg^^Wopher. . aiT^S 

■ On October bih *_ 


^TtSS” 0 

TAYtC* . October 0th. to Mtranda 
mto Brook) and Martin, a son. Hupo 
Philip Brook- 

WBlItACorT on October iouu 
1986- lo Bridget and Richard of 
Brockdanu Chain iU. a son. Henry 
Christopher, a brother for Belinda 
a nd Rache l. 


""J^mWon October 130, 
1966^1 Chelsea John to Martorte 


ALEXANDER - On the 8th October. 
Jean, after a short illness. Remem- 
bered with love. Funeral 3pm Friday 
October 17th at Chichester Cremato- 
rium. No flowers. Donations to Age 
Concern. Bedhampion. C/O Hartocv 
Wgh. Utue vigo. Yateley. 
Canjberfey. Surrey 
ASTON On October 9th. peacefully. 
Howard Campbell Aston, beloved 
husband or Kathleen, loving father of 

Alison. Madeletne and Lindsay and 
grandfather of Karen. Martin. Rob- 
ert. OUvter. Marina. Alastair. 
Graeme and Pierre- Andrt. Private 
ftmeraL Family flowers only, dona- 
tions a desired for Britten Heart 

CLARK - On Monday October 6m 
1986. in hospital In New York, after 
a short illness, aged 86 yeare. Doro- 
thy Davis formally of Sea View 
Somerset Bermuda, widow of 
Bayfield. Memorial services In New 
York on November l3Ut. and In Ber- 
muda on November 14th. Enquiries 
0306 730309 

CLEMMOW. On October 8th. 1986. in- 
stanuy Ut a road accident tn 
Somerset. Nick aged 31. very dear 
elder son of Joan and Plump and 
brother or Simon and Ltody. Ser- 
vices at Odcombe Chunch. Somerset, 
at 1.45 p.m. on Thtasday October 
16th: and Great Eversden Church at 
3 pjn. on Sunday October 19th. 
Flowers or donations for church 
maintenance to Broofcend Close. 
Groat Eversden. Cambridge- < 
Comberton 233 IX 

KLAMERC- On Friday October f Oth. 
at home. Mary. Lady Ddamere rrfe 
Ashley of The KalL Six MUe Bottom. 
Suffolk. Funeral 3 pjn. Wednesday 
15th October at She MUe Bottom 

DU. - On October lOUt. victor Robot 
Ootouhoun Dot M.C. aged 89. Be- 
loved husband of Phoebe PaiMne 
and unde of Priscilla and Paul. Fu- 
neral Chichester Crematorium at 
noon on October 16th. FamBy flow- 
ers. Donations c/o Reynolds (FDD 31 • 
High Street Bognor Regie to Cancer' 
Unit. St. Mary's Hospital. 

FEARN on October life 1986. peace- 
fully. Alec. Commander R-N- CRWJ. 
or Hall Farm. CressenhaO. Norfolk. 
Beloved husband of Helen. Enquiries 
lo H. H. Aldlss. White Uon Yard-, 
Denham- Tel: 0362 2233. 

CORE • On October 10th. peacefully, 
at home Mary babel Kb-steen core of 
Horn House Ro*On-Wye. Private 
funeral. No flowers. Mem o ria l Ser- 
vice in London, date to be 

HILDRED - On October HXh 1986. 
Christopher EteL beloved wife of Mi- 
chael. and mother of Alexandra. 
Pamela and Nicolas, gr a ndmother of 
James and Rebecca Underwood. Fu- 
neral at sl Mary The Virgin; 
Frcnsbam. Surrey, on Wednesday 
!5U> October at 3pm. Flowers to 
Farnham Funeral Services. 

LOWE On 9th October 1986. at home, 
after a long and distressing Illness. 
David Alexander. M3- Ch.B_ 
D.P.H.. M.F.CM., aged 73. Beloved 
husband of Sadie, dear father of Da- 
vie and Jennifer, adored grandfather 
of Alexander. Mungo. Francesca. Fe- 
lix. Octavia. Alexis and Lucas. Much 
loved, much missed. Funeral service 
ai The Church of St- Michael and An 
Angels. Copgrove. Harrogate, at 2-00 
on Tuesday lath October. AB friends 
welcome. Flowers to Swainsou’s. 
Harrogate- or donations to Save Ute 
Children fund. 

ggM S 3. Gr aham' Robert ^S ^ 

fauSl'lwnf - 01 Trieta tovtaS 

iflUvti of DUKan And Hmrt ■»- 

w«| be 

an d hjg many friends and colleagues, 
A^Servl ee y Th anksNytog wQI be 
■JNd on Wednesday ism October a 

JtoiwttorotoWB memory ir^gshnl 
to Ihe Thames VaUy cardiac Trust 

0**er 9th. aged 89 
****. Flora Marion, formerly of the 
Brae. Alyth. Beloved uddmvof Sfd- 
25^* ^ -AW and Juwm and 

FVnerai Service w • 

2r Ctoneh. Atym. 

00 Wednesday tstta October. 

I ^ 0| '«!' 0 CWW. peacenoy 
Mhonw. Douglas Stanley Mount 
J*" 1 <59- Beloved huw^H ut mw 

I REARDON - On October 9th 1986. at 
Cherteey. Mi- 
chael Louts, beloved husband of 

g 3 *^" - devoted ftdher of Anthony. 
Pmmond.EIeapor. VfatcenL and \«v- 
w». dear Father -In -law of Rosalind 
Sg Patda. adored Grandpa of Ste- 
Wwn. Tmsa. Helen. RacheL and 
panels. Reqidem Maas at Our Lady 
H elp or Christians. West Ryfieet oo 
Tuesday October 14th. at 12jioon 

1 1( ^ <XOH . On O ctober ath 1986. 
Kenneth Warning, peacefully at bis 
name in Sevenoaks. Dear husband of 
uma and much loved mther of Robin. 
Simon. Mary and Lucy, and a very 
dw grandfather. The sendee wta 
take place oo Throday October 1 6th 
at 2 p.m. at St John's Church 
Sevenoaks. followed by private oa- 
RMbon at Tunbridge Wells. Family 
Bowers only. Donations a desired to 
Cancer Research. Carlton House < 
Terrace. London. SW1Y 5AR. 

■ On 8th October. Keith Charles. 
P«a«fuuy al bis home tn Farehaio. ■ 
Hank. Funeral Sendee at St MaraCs "I 
Oturch. Alverstokeon Tuesday 14th 
at F.OO followed by private orema- 
ttoo. No (towers please, d on at ion s if 
d«UMlo Mai. H C L Garnett 
C-B.E-CaoKer Relief. MacMBUn. 
Fund. 15/29 Britten SL. London 
SW3 3TY. 

! TIPLADY on October 10th, peacefully 
at the home of his beloved daughter. 
Pamela WBsan. and her (amity. 
Thomas Henry, aged 87. Memorial 
service in CUfton. York bier. - 

VEALJE - On October 10th 1986 at 
£mbieton. NonhumbertexL L. 
Keslake Veate. beloved hwband of 
EXhel. Cremation al Whitley Bay 

On October 7th. suddenly. 
PhiUp John, beloved husband of 
Brenda, and devoted father of Rebec- 
ca. Sendee at ll am. 17Ui October 
1986 at SL John's . Church 
Stralheden R<L Blaekfieam SC3. Cre- 
mation - al 12.16 pjn. Eftbam* 
Crematorium. Falcon Wood. Roches- 
ter Way S6». Flowers to67 Mycenae 
Rd. Btackheath SE3- 

WEDD - On October 10 th. peacefully at 
home after several yeara of IU health. 
CVtUhta. dearest wife or Roy and 
stepmother of Sue. Cremation pri- 
vate. Memo ria l sendee at Oare on 
Tuesday October 21st at 230 pm. 
Donations If desired lo Chncer 


Han. M apfcwrll 

Square. OH 

(unr-ral «Mk C5 


Owta r jMMtH of 
who xttp irawy Ueoagn 
w*. 0372 09360. 


normaL Happy MriMay. Loi e E- 

AIUOQV and au toe ttosNy. 


mtlnille . 1»» or MarriMP. AJI i 


A LOAN wilt, a money oork gua 
C2U00 to C30000 with moriMt 
nur. APR ISA ,-WlaMeT 

Dial too 
a omm.. t 

Pmdwq. RCt IBP 

irrefone Peruobo 

Phone 0233 B9802. 


lorv Cl 30 + VAT an_ 

dMwnrmnMs ring 00 oa 319398. 


For my 19 year oW student 
son staying in Loxiclon until 
December 1986. 1 see k‘an 
English aristocratic fanfly. 

Willing to pay top rates. 

Reply 10 BOX D8Z 


For U^. studies, for preparation 
of SAT teas. TOEFL achieve- 
ment, seek qualified teacher in 
London lor immediate private 
tuition. Best salary. ' 

Reply 10 BOX D84. 

CROCE • 'A Memorial Sendee for | 
Beppr Croce, patf- President of toter- 
naltonai YUcht Racing Union. wUl be 
held at l4.00 hours, on Thursday 
dthHoveralxr 1986 at WestnUoaer 
CattiedraL London'SWl. 

EAR - A thanksgiving service for 

the Hfe of Peter Ktonev. wia be held 
on Saturday 2Sth October 1986. at 
3pm. at the church of Sl Andrew 
and SL ktory. Condover. Shropshire. 
Any douatkms given, wtn be divided 
between Condover Church and The 1 
British Heart Foundation, if farther 
information to required- ytease tele- 
phone (0962) 686811 • Ext 315. 

DR R M IEMK, Dearest brother." 
ever lively, her iovtog. admired by,| 
au. ■ Tibbie. 

HESOEL Dr RJd, Rememberino with 
love. PauUne and Roberi. 

RICHARDSON. Sir Ralph 1902-1983 | 
In treasured- and ism ttn 

urns. RunuKs 
taras um m immum 

£4 a Am + 15% MT 

(minmumi 3 lines) 
Annotmcenienis.^ amlieotiated by 
the name and peratanem address 
of the sendee, may be sent toe 
PO BOX 484 
Virginal Street 
London El 9XS 
or idepboncd {by idephone sub- 
scribers only) KX FMtl 3Bi 

Young educated student 
for conversation with 
young German student 
_ ..sought. 

s Bestsafcyf 

• Reply to BOX D85. ■ 

OSMt x up to Md to r sUv«t arUcm. 
£26 O per or tor oaid. Alt omhm’ 
■ lewrifaryDaughLftb- Mart 01,9608030 
or Wine 36t Harrow. Read. JUwdoo. 
W9. Alt England covered. - 
rtwxunv. Cow. saver, ttflwna t u r- 
gmUy wanieo. Tbp Prices. WUUaitu. 43. 
Lames Condub 8» WCl. Ol 405 8838. 




Resista Carpets 

Moakatod rehw pdr Carpotog. Mptoto 
coionrv. Bwh in underiB)’ IT «ide firm 
iwtk. 7 yar wear justamre tor borne or 
office. «.TS pa kqiL Corfcoptopiebflt 
tiles. NaiuraL a7s7T75oab. Best price 
aaroimv flUJ per wjyd. Pertoci goods. 
Pita Ike topcsi sdeewn of pbln arprt- 
»t « London. Al prices exetastro of rot. 
207 tfaverstodc Hin 
Hampstead NW3 
Tel: 01-794 0139 
Free Esureaics-Expesi Fhfo« 


1 t2samsUkaad2l2sQin wooi.HWi 
ouauiy. Tabrtr. Very reasonable uric*. 
Private to private. 

Tel 01-602 8004 





VZ Bd 1811 of Send Street 




5?i 9.7% TYPICAL APR 

eg 26". drttorif brianrr muyaHe tv 
aw .2* equal mommy usrtafcnenta at 

to*' flal interest rate ha. 



SS 01-491 2777 

MnHMUUMI Grand Plano. 1926. vero 

222 ?/SSP nm> -' C, - 7S0 Tri: oi 

99o ojoo 

THE nun WORKSHOP ran credit 
■ OrtY 1 raw lARR OSL Low Intern! 

rates ov re 2ye*rs i APR B^vi a 3 yean 
to iAPR 122**1 writrm ouotouocrt- Free 

sr£yft 7 f **«" *“ 

^ Z BEAUTIFUL Brcfatrin CranOs. muil- 
X flans inaroreenis. good price tor duuk 

^ tote. 066 4981 an 

-V HUPFCUK sewdiftii Sflt grand. Mur. 
runt aiMnnM. C2.0OO.ono. Tel Ol 

262 1806 W 0263 713076. 




J? FOR MU or Charter. Tor Metro, run 
ui grw. three double auteroona. 

- Carmean a*e«. Plerie ronton Mrs Ann 

Krew at nrihUdrou CM*. Naum. Co. 
Merih. ftepuMk- Of hririid or Trie- 
5 phone Navon 40803. brismew lhe room 

2 of 11 an. lo 5 pa Monday to Fnnay . 

S _ I 


J BRRMC. London School of Bridge and 
* 2£?, 38 King* Road. SWfiOl^S 

i 7201. « 


I WW 1 * peofguw house, garden. OL Sun „ 
J rouole. 1 month from lfioi Ort. £100 " 

■ PW * icrvire*. Tri: 579-7900 or 485- 

6261 . 

den from C52S pw. Ring Town HS* AMs 

573 3433 — 

ON T.V. S4 hr Sw. Triec CoBtnriuni Q 
Apartments. 01-573 6306. 


KLOuna 2 nd. 3rd. «m. oral. 2 tn tor 
ewneue mews house. 1 mm tube. Beau- 
muds- rurnished. O/R. Rris reoufrrd. 

Tri: 01-236 41IS — 

SWl Town horae caretortawe acroowno- 
6a(ion. o/r + U. own phone, mon-rrt. 
sun eierrulh-e. CBOpw. tri Ot 834742S. 


WAKTED WWay dceotoutodwton/- 
flatshare. London. Rccemb- retired 

Army officer. Car pfcg. TH 0291 8439 

BATTERSEA /CLAFRAM prof girl to mr 
share luxury flai.own room, to awre aS , 

Iridlties £170 pan. Tet01-350 1090 
fa/pho ue> 

W8BBUDOH prof person, o/a. age tote fa 
2tr> 10 share toveiy house, own room. 
om mod cons, close town centre * X 

8R/LT. CAO nw Ext). Tet Ol -438321 2 . 
lD» Or 01-540-7796 <£vri» 


Double rerroUDn, master orareem. 

re Mine nrihAanuzi. Smatkr 
dotMr and uneie b r aio ot m . Snl 
bathroom. ' srparaie shower, duim 
room, fukv idled eoumry wtrem. 
patio, battens'. Co id My. 

£495pW. ' 

TdOl 671 0476 or 245 6577. 

FW MF9 atonapenrei EervkotLW re> 
«dro PKperiM la CenmLSauu^ad 
wen London Areas hr 
cants 111 Ot 221 MSB. mpm ^ 

■i«.i»**kAPMm OwnTOnasnoity 3rd 


m. cs3o pw fit* 01-223 aaoa 

. £275 pw inormstty 
£4SOpwflt)stSeri>auakty. 1 bed. rm 
K&B RaL la uus fapy aervtou £55- 

asyLSSPi- ca . Tv - 20 » mtewi 



we are air pleased lo a nueuncc th e open 
mw «d Hertlerds when* we can oner a 
WWWb Of luxury giipo. 14 2 Bed 
noonmemv wnKW fa daw »w. 24 hour 

We tm lie you So me 
•tong A sin 


Ok 443 0687 

673 I 

from cuo pw me ot 

SMfa - OWri Pror for smny SH 1UL 0/R 
WKh TW A T.V. cao MV rxcL 01-731- 

2/3 8ed flats A houses. 

CfaOOpw. Alien Bates A Co 49» 1363. 

(laL su pwu i ecei» i mw our rurm. ol col 
TV. washer, maid. 8 mas + -573 0753 

Vogue Mag. lounge. 2 Mr*. £20Quw 
Tel: 602 8441. 

double. 1 slope bed. targe lounge, din- 
ing area , coun try kitchen. MMuroum let 
1 year. £275 ow. 794 2789. 

Contact us now an OI - 

23s 8861 for me best selection of 
furnished flats and houses to rent tn 
KMgntwrktge. Otrisoa and Kenstogton 



Superbly appointed sjactoos ftai 
overlooking gardens. 4 bedrooms. 
2 marine tBthrooms. 2 adtolhtag 
retrpttoo s. cloakroom, wonderful 
birchen. Co let £550 dlw. 

MISTRAL 225 2577 

BATTntSCA VtoLAOC. CxceucM recent- 
" fOcrntsad 2 bed fUL suit nref 
siuren. CI2D gw. Priory Oi MO 4555 

COMS0OMWOOM.3S nhs clbr. Ub 4 
bed. 2 both. 2 ree*. d rt Mt . goo. gge. 
Views. AB mod rons 0273 738339. 

BOCKLAMM Flam and tiniau lo Mt i 
throughout the Do rirtatxH area. TefcCK- 

3 b ad ho nse. 2rec tpm. 2 
tadi^^amono. £230 »w. FnctVa. 01 

UVDCPMK OATt SW7 3 <upm> utro 
modern interior dmgM flats avaiL 2 
dbte bedrms. dh*e reception. 2 mib. 
can twasy ot an 0012 

** * * * ARCH Outet sonny, wed far- 
ntsnrd lux flat 2/3 bedrooms, reern. 
<hn area, terrace, entry phone.E^aonw 
CO. M. 200 363? 




Come to Lu»f and t+w I he Valley ot 

jheKioi aA Queens, ineftfiaswds. the 

fwndarv Tom* ot TutanUwunun or 
strou along the mania or me NUc. 
*»" in at 7pm on Thursday, lfiut Or- 
totter al Onrons Howe, mvmide. 
T wirtenaam, for a glass of wine uu 
roiou- presentation by British Must. 
•mi Egyptotogbi. Carol Andrews. 
Limited ware, so cal 892 7606 for 

Hobdays from UK 
Dtvartum 23 « 30 December and 
out January. 


Return mure 

Jotturg/Har C46» Dotuia £420 
Nairobi £390 Sydney £760 
Cairo £230 Auckland £78* 

L49K £360 Hongkong £S5Q 

Dri/Bomhay' £360 Miami £530 
Bangkok ESSO And Many More 
162/160 Regml SL Wt 
TEL. 01 <*37 0ZBQ/6/7/B 
Late A Group Bookings Welcome 


FARO £99 NEW 1*0RK £2 8« 




Lanearote Puerto del 
Carm-n Hiqn sianoard anb w-tUi noel 
available Horn 30/SO. Trwue 28/10 
< IO davu H/C Prims (rgm C249 h3923i 
778344 Timntat HOiidayv A8TA 
ATOL 1107 

CORPU Saroaim Beautmu del vows pc 
town. 26pn C199 t wL £229 2 Wla_ 
AM Malta A Cyprus. OMAFrow. Pan 
WPrid HoMasrs 01 734 2562. 

CRCSCC. LnvpeM nSands. cheap rwgfltv 
sUla renlaK dr. tna Hdb. Ol 434 
• 647. Alai. AIIO 

WOOCt Late booking uurgaim I in apart 
ho* tram Cl 390.0 On. 
Tel; btrama 0706 8638145. . . 



£109 VENICE 


01-406 7082/8042 






























Hong Kong 




1 VMM&MWMMMHfiemiM requires own 

room in towse or Oat. wufttn a itotosof 

WtroNTOrewto iSouft KemlniSrTS 
01 731 0396 uUv Me eventflgi 

CM3WICK W4. grot re. age 2P1K ntgr 
oft. in manning via cottage. lO mto» 
waBi Turn ham Orem. -£l 80 pcxn red + 
depoat. Teh 01-747 0012 tesnsi 

Newly decorated lower 
ground floor flat close to KVflr Park. 
Duo Bedim. Bainrm. Rrceo ftoom/Dui 
Room- Kit. Patto. AvaMabte long Co ih. 
£22Bpw. Barn ard Marcus 834 7316. 

een-suiie Bain. 2nd DMe Bed. Bare. UL 

BL Cdn £230pw. 

£173 pw TCl. Ol 727 9744 

Newly convened matswiette. 
cnertootong rher. 2 dpi peto. 2 baths. 2 
revet*. E200pw. CO let. 060882 338. 

Bed flu. Rtuer 

oatAwi naoi oi 736 seosT 

MW eotIRT PrMly large 1 Bed AM In 
mansion HR. Soar Rktii. Eat In ML 
Baui/wc. Great Value. £17fipw. 
Swam A Reeves «H 3622. 

KCNSINBTOM — I room to let. CfaOpw. 
OeauufuMy decoeated and tudy fur- 
nUML Bretodasl included. 01-722 

MEW MMJNM Super well fare bouse. 3 
beds, large L reaped reception, study, 
wed eoutoped rik-hen. odn « » £200 
»w W imams & Son Ol 9«7 313 a 

■MMtBMMRW 4m floor Ital 2 
dnw- bedrms. totrhen. ham. recep rm. 
CH. Ufl. CM T.v. Co IH. £230 p-w. 01 
684 5601 

SOOTH HEM Spar 4 Bed mots on 3 Itrs. 
Lge Recep. Oood Kit 4 2 Balds U e/si. 
Osnv area. £380 pw. Benitam A Reeves 
938 .3322. 

Stol PHiPn. Charming flat Double bed- 
sit room. K m, a Short let. 

Huge Dnrouds Avail re 18 4 CUPCbae 


21 Swaltow sl London W1 
01-439 2100/4S7 0637 





























4378PW. BBctl * CO 734 7432. 

fisc. Fi»n * dec to high standard. Kit au 
mariimes. Ctose 10 Mil £188 svTd jw 
L id 01 949 2482. 

HOC t JlH B PAlMC. fall Very bngtdAspa- 
Ctous 2 Bed flat «n 1st -floor. Recm 
K4B. Extremely wed dec. £l9t)pw. 
Co/Vts. - Around Town 229 9966. 

Including CH A CHW & cleaning. £120 
pw. Te. Ol 828 9390 

SWX. Condor table pretty mile house, 
lerge Mtraee. 2 bwh. sunny racy. TV. 
Phone. C/h. £180 PW. toe. 01-834 OlTB. 

KX7 9331 The number lo r w— b e t 
when seeking ben rental prapenies In 
central and prime London 
Q60/E2.000PW. . 

WfTMe LOMMM/PAMS Alton Batood 
CCrnoany hare a large selection ot flsti 
fa houses available for 1 week* from 
£200pw. 499 IMG. . 


let 01-43B KrifT 


Necwl ant ftmlawv nil mhems tonj 
tool Bairlrnuv 
IUJ.via»i«toAldT2 - 4tM4. ’ 

\m» hi t jaadj FS4 JL pMip nwomck. 

■rr 4t>i« 

VtrJ N l L Far Em ric. 
iD'tT j:’« 

< ••mswmM Vnvexl snubn 


ABTA 72102- Member of the kstftds ol 
Travel A Toutom. 


Nairobi. JerBurg. Cairo. Donat, 
hiantod. Singapore. K.L. DetoL 
Bangkok. Hong Kong. Sydney. 
Europe. 4 The Americas. 

Lux vlHas with pools. Ort-A 
Ihra winter Golfers wrtfonw Oi 409 
2838. Xiilaworld. 

The linen houses for rentM. 73 SI 
JWttoi ». SWl. Ol 491 0802. 


LA MA M BA hrvury air rondHioned uM. 
Sleeps 4 Henrv Cooper Classic Week. 
26 Ort TM 0724 7e29«2. 


MU WEST . NEW! Special offers an 
amannoh' low prices Marti no at C99. 
ask for a copv of our bumper brochure. 
lOli 70S 9999 AbU 69296 Atol 138^ 

S9U BEACH Villas. Switzerland. 
France. Andorra & the Italian Doto- 
mi tea at unMafabte Prices & 
generous group discounts, fang us on 
(0223)311113 ABTA 141SX ATOL 
38 IB. 

fdtang a rhMet for IO enlRK-i you lo a 
I1K£ holiday -any Bale* Mam-sot oth- 
er dhreunh lor catered chrieh. prirew 
‘roro owt Sir tag. fan, u» ntSToi 
370 0999. 

■KtBONME MneC - ChrMnvs menah lo. 
°“i"I«ri4l onb- C239' F«ta chatot and. 
no FREE! Rhig us for details Ol 244, 

Middle Temple 

The Masters of the Bench have 
made the following awards: 

Th# Qu ot a Kotttori* Hmd uulnreli l p i 

srr &S ^ gir" 

puqiu. St M-m-nwi-x CPU, amtoah. 
and Kcw CWL Oxford: L A B*hn^ 

Wi H JS 

u *£T univ^a^S^Edmuwl ^ran. 

Chrisu coll. Cwnwaae; A J^carotL 
BdhoD waish s. sunon Coidftold. and 
Pembroke CoU. Oxford (WotBon). 
Sgotor law atha Hnrfmw 
A rt H Hi y 

Graham. wefangionOoU and Gnlv 
Coll. Oxford: A E Jarnea. OivdtMnf S 
and Sl John's .Cdu OxioTO- A J 
Kevwr. Cardiff HS and ^amol^CtoU. 
Oxford: ' 

Swarara. _ 
and w«wjw 

Nirhouv vsusrfs 

Cambridge: M O Rodger 
Coil Glasgow and UnK OdU. 

D W k Anderson. Oojr .New QoH. 
_8ntr’f — 


r. Cardiff HS and Barooipm- 

J ehhsK^OiiL oinikrtB® 

Oxford and pawning Con. Camp 
Mas njm Hanna. Oame AJUM 
s. NcwutUe. Cnunknuef 

bridge and Jwus Ccil. C 

Mercer. K Edward V» S. — - . 
and Downing Cou. Cam bridge. -B J 
Fallen, sunvhurtl and New COU. 


Pauen. stonyhunt 
Oxford. . 

MR Thom 

Mas P M Harrison. SI 
Convent, Wisbech ^and |U«lv 



ESK“M“f s , U^*|r^. c SS 

. Lady Margaret Hall. Oxford. 

S D Adams. rtamonds CS. Su^hjon 
and LcK«wr i«v: » E Ande««». 
Oundto and Pembroke OML «m; 
bridge: Mm D Bhatta. The 
Mmmw s far Girls ana s ttmimj 

Hall. Oxiocfl. Miss H J 

Edward VI H& for Cuts. 
and Menon Call. cpift*d: P. M.,f 
Gibbs- Eion and Chrtol Ojurch C9U. 
Oxford: WQK Godwin. cavynajtfi S. 
London, imued world C oH. S lf}9»- 
hgre, L'niv coil London and OrJHOJJ- 
Oxford- l J McNufly. 8n,, T 7* 0,T lS 
Grant S. Strealham. tfant LWj«5f 
Lincoln Coll. Oxford: PC A Moon. 
King's Coll. Taunton, and Chrw* 
Col?: Cambridge, s J **£***■*& 
Albans CCS «fld St JohrTl CoU; 

asasss *«s 


Th* Jamiow Award 
w j kMiuu. 0 Einn«h tong » 
Batnri and City of London fW- 
Eda tad nuMiMl t FriM 
R j Bennett. O EliabrthY CS. 
SlactbwhaAd Lancashire Poly. 
HUeoto- Wrlcht H ttol f tol Prtxo 

A J . , S! Q S5i^Sli , Sr'® 

Croydon. N 

wttk Citft . 

Church news 


The Rev R C 

Dutverion and 

Bath and welts. 10 be Chapla i n and 
head of relWous Studies al MflHWd 
Junior School, same droroae. 

The Rev N G Coatsworth. curate. 
Holy Trinity. Milton, diocese of 
CanierOury. lo be priest in charge. 
Selanyn^wjUi Rhydycroesau. dioecse 

The Rev N Cook, -cinte. St John 
Baptist and St Michael.. KTOghaon . 
■flocor of Leicester, to be anaum 
Chaplain ifoli-yipeL Towers HospUBL. 
same diocese. 

The Rev B Dawson. Vicar- U trerick 
and BardMA diocese of cariWe.tqbe 

Rector of stusilon and HiHton-in-the- 
Forest with tvegOL same diocese. 

The Rev 1 JJ P B Cydn er. incumb ent. 
Wbjcy with pyrftwd. diocese .of 
Gufuaam. lo be honorary canon. 
Guildford Cathedral, same diocese. 

The Rev R M GUes. diocesan youth 
officer, dtocese of Yoric <0 be pnest U 
greror^Shtpley St Mary, diocese of 

The Rev L F P Ounner. Chapla in. 
Bhtxham School. ffioccK orpdrara. to 
be ChafJilh. MarHjoroi«to College, 
diocese of Sattobury.. _ 

The Rev R D Harris._ curate. St 
Mary; Portse*. diocese of Portsmouth, 
to be Vicar. S Jobs the EvangettoL- 
aevedan. diocese of Bath and Weils. 

The Rev J a Hillma n. Rect or. 
Somerset west, fljoers* of Capetown, 
to be (cam Vicar. Wotatanton. & 
Andrew PorthilL diocese of UchfleW- 
The Rh NM Ladd, curve. Aston. 

BenUiee. di o c e M Of LJmMM- . 

The Re>‘ A p Mpr m. Vjear . St.Mary 
and St Nlcftolas- ueaUwctwad. diocese 
of^ Guildford, lo be honorary Tanon «£ 
GuSSford cathedral, same fflocese. 

The Rev C Piper, **ar. St 
Matthew >. Waodswonh Bridge Road, 
diocese of London. 16 be area man. of 
Hammersmith, same diocese. 

The Rev B Piendce. curate. AB 

SSSUd w ‘3S^?'Ss : 

TettenhaH Wood. Penon. name <n- 

The Rn R H PrteRnaO. Vicar of 
Ken on. diocese of Peteroorooah. le be 
pmo Rural Dean of Bantack.. same 

TiwRfV P AERN&. tUtQTs 09* HfH 

Thames. diocese of 
honorary tmnd 

diocese of Pridtocrough. 10 be Vicar 
o f st James. Northampton, same 

"^TST'ReV A G ward, ytcar of 
Stmonslde. south SMMA. diocese of 
“ 1 . to StrawafSi Cvditoin. 

and chow Bern taa&tds of nj^i and 
Sf*id piaaos tor ndr or tme horn only 
£16 pm. 


Afltoaj Sl .NWI 
01 935 8682 
Artfltery Race. SEI8 
01 854 4517 

Prof F to share bat re udtiu 

flal with l other, or R- nrivaic p a t ti n g . 

m neer tobe..C2S0Pcm excf. Tel Andrea 
5S3 6701 Aao ilm# 

CLAFHAal COMMON, nr 'tabe. F. HfS to 
Share wUb Prat M. 28. good size room. 
CH. C/TV. video, etc. ElBOpcm tec. Ol 
622 0866 after tan. 

CaUHS Prof F 23*- N/S to diare hoc read 
lue nr lube. O/R. AB mod core Of. 
wash math ttc. C132pcm. 01 679 1699 
after 630gre. 

FLATMATES Setoajve Sbanog. w d 
rsttb introdortory ser v ice. File let tor 
W: £1-589 6491. 31 3 Brampton 
Rrad. SW3 

Pimanr Near UM. own Wage room. 9^1 

prof F. Share tux flu. CH. w/Vnactr. ga- 
rage. £60 p/w. Tel. 437 1432 (day.) 370 
4613 feves i 

•HFFWROS BUML Bedroom £n comfort- 
able 2 bed Oaf avail (rare Nov- for 6 
months- Good value at £J«SO pm. Tel 
740 8689 after 646 pm. 

WMMJEDOH - Prof- female to Wrere spa- 
rious fl«L O/r. Ch. £40 pw exri. Tel: 
388 HOO x 249 rwonu / 879 3480 
1 Horae ! • 

M *R CW . Large room. £70 pw todw- 
stve. SuU businessman. Tel: Ol 638 
0719 lAfler 6 pmi- 

H M P «ni o/r. o/bath- Prof gM. 
n/vrrei oeg wup babyiltttag- OL 376 

CMXW1CK Prot m/f to share large com- 
fortable house, o/r. ch. garden. £196 
son rxrt Tec 01747 3248. 

OAFNAM Luxury house av'enoowao ' 
Common.- Prof M. o/r. n/W. 25+. £180 
pere met. T«L225 7192 after 6 mn. 
CLAPHAMCmm. n side. 2 bed OaL Co lei. 

£430 pan ncct Tec 01-671 324 1 
CtAFNAM SOUTH. Prof m/f to share flat 
o/r. pu a uiiw ibes. 3 mins tune. £45 pw 
«ri. Tri 678 5774 alter 7 pm. 

newbr fare 2 bed and I bedflsiavaB- 
ab*e. £2B8/£220 pw WL TO vmw: 983 

BJFItoOe FLATS tk toOdSCS avaiL a 
rend, for dtriomats. exeruthts. Long * 
iron lets in au areas- Upfrtond A CD. 
48. Albemarle a Wl. 01-499 6334. 

TKMMHBimL Close sta- (lew MM log flr 
studlo flat m rfi-ersWe blocs. Weil ftld 
UrrouqhouL Sud snglr person rariy- £88 
pw JW LM Ol 949 2482 

I VILLAGE. Top fir? bed flat 
Mock. Lift dose to 
shops, lube* main Unr. £160 pw Inc eft 
6 diw. TdJWUlOl 949 2482 

AVARA3LC MOW Luxory flats * homes 
£200 - £1000 pw. Tet Burgess 881 

storks ot 17 m and iah century repbea 
fumflure by some of Encfancrs Ones 
craftsmen. Netltobcd. new Hmicy on 
Tham es «0«911 Ml l|5. 
ntof IT ouaitty wool carpets' At trade 
prices and under., toe available lOtrs 
extra. Large room toe rerananis under 
hrif Mrrnal price. Orsncery Carpets ot 

tup* Exp. cness. Les Mis. All theatre 
and sports. - 
Teh B21 6616/8280496. 

A-EX / Vua / OSiers, . 

— ITWP AT POE 7 Ciie s o meo n e snoriR- 
nal Ttnit* Newspaper dated -the very 
day ibey were born. £1260 0492- 

SCArmNDOIS. Best tickets tor on soM- 
out events. Our c Mewts toefude most 
malor eoenpaiues. Oredtl cords accepted. 
01428 1678. 

THE T— E « >796-1986.. Other titles 
avafl Hand bound ready for nres e a i a 
(loo - atm “Sundays - . £1230. 
Remember When. 01-688 6323. 
Aarnoo, CORKOPLAST Woodo- cork 
\ renoy * Barit etc. w e beat any price 
AkS 0932 7.-4J28. . 

CATS. OKSS. Les Mis. AH theatre and 
sport. Tel 439 1763. AU mtoor credit 
MS. . . ■ . ^ .... 

FHHEt/flUOUt. Co Pl ie rs, etr. Can 
you buy (totori BAB Lid. Ol 229 

NAME A STAR tor a loved we-. Telephone 
01 -482 091 9 tor druus «f IMS unireair 

YORK FUSBTMO tor patios 4 drive- 
ways Uowdalfofl sale. Tri 061 223 
0881/061 231 6786. 

■MlUam'Ui briisrd table, wotmn 'toe 
NmonanvorafcoardiTriOl 940 U62. 

Rat with | othre. O/R. mto. £160 pent. 

■•i**"*- p rei t. n/s 10 Share fiaL o/r. 

,vbe - £so ° 

hr. 992 7883 after 6pm. 
FWHAIIPref. F. 24 pins. O/r. in i_ 
rious house, nr Tube £170 p^.ra. 
oxctjmve TH.T36 0789 after 6pm 
III nsutUei NI . Prof m/f ss* non smofc- 

VSFZZ/r' 1 *- •" 

blAs. Tri 226 6641 tetesj. 

"iaroJ? p mott - o/r - " <»«*>• 

gard en. CH & qfW. Wjinti twnse. £1 76 
Pern Pxcl.-.TeL3S9 2392 eves 

naL very near tube. 1 female 
ll9-S3 > js flere XAOpw. TW Ol 623 
«• d*y- 821 3494 eves. 
SR gf*?. 1 *?* *»*/■ k* SW6. W 14. 
_Tree jS»notaT>A99p395w. 7273975c. 

736 1014 *£?%£?>* 
“'Tito. I Prof m/r. c/r. lux Inn an 

_2»+. Profpsuonat Mato. O/R. Odn. 

warning mactorevCH. 01 .731 iseaS 

•**? Prof F »o share reoBv super Oicisra 
§£;- ,ta ! , - T «oi33 l 

SW7- M/F» boo smoker, o/r in oomfort- 
^na^.£ B 5.t66%u ttK S , ?^ 1 

»wt». Proi o/ r m Rat Near tube. £36 
5?i!S. , 5S!S jinmed avaiL Tri: Ol- 
W 7723 after 6 pm. 

to 50. o/r. B4B-PW essci. 
Teh Ol 233 1221 COBS') Ol 994 6213 
• t'W 

W*. Urge ma a Jut it*. su3 sroi 
male, over 3fa, Moo ■ Ftl only. £SBpw 
T ri 01 9 33 6224. ^ 

W * lf ?°^ ( . r -? s » t ?:"/v'>Hno/rln 
C rulrai /sw London, TeL* 01-889 1007. 

WANTED Yto tto p rof female nA seeks 
own 1 room CaSpw approx. Ol -7363424 
unui Thursday. 


WANTED Cdmnlnn, Victorian and ail 
panned rumiiu'e. Mr Ashton Ol -947 
.6946. 667 669 Garrett Lane. Eansneid. 
SW17. . . 


to Black- 

1 . curate, fUUAam. 
uw tocunv- 

» - 

with n 
well All 
The Rev S 

riWl f PtF frf C_ 

p cnL Qr^^Ohurctt. Ratnsgole. fU- 

Otiwr appointment 

Dims EPMleod. agsriiant director of 
education tn nw Macrae of Rochester, 
totn the Sun oT«-Peter -« a 

'\S3£ 2f il B£SL2Srii Jn " 

oWWJF Of rrwfPWWfc . ■ ^ 


Togcfbcr we am beat it 

' We fund owr one itird of aQ 
research into the preveatioo and- 
cure of cancer in foe UK. 

Hc& us by seodmg a donation 
or make a legacy ik 





'Fwtfshed'2 bed bawmrat Pal 
wllb verdant patio. CH St HW 

£350 pw neg incL 
01-486 440a 

2 drina House Tcfnto 
0RA TT/Jl/lfl?, Lastoa 5TIY SUL 

*j wt * r w PW «M I toraes List to Fbr 
Saie /btL D aws Woaifo. 01 40 e 7331 
EAST F1MCMLZY . Prof female. O/R 
ModerB dnoratod RaL am amenities 
.-vail Tel 01-883391! After OJOpm. 
FlAJUto: SpAriaUv qroupd floor flat I 
rrcro. 1 M bed. knrhen/dntor. mnCH. 
ore co w. cioopw. Toi«.7ao2sro 
ML»l/B.2j 3 i i H tenisfliiwwi iaHM- 
hare ant £36, Rtog 01-609 2391. 
MKUGATZ HC ? lux. ? bed flats, garaon 
madable Cl 10 Pfid CISC p.w. Ol 340 

lielWATC owners Vd sparious S bed 
. I Hfunncaed Lunflv bomo- £329 pw 
AiJUlaBfCJaia November 386 9842 JT. 

DC Mt bid mAft. Fufiv 
I urn CH. Co tel. Cl 23 ow toe, B roweo 
Tpytor Me Go. Tri: Ot-2«a 82TB. 

KDMMIML W8. Brand new 1st Hr lux 
nwb- 1 dbto bed. large rec.. ut/euntr. I 
min Hire SL £186 gw tori. 938-2286. 

■EEOfPS PARK Superb 2 bed Rat tolef. 
All aremereuev £2So pw. O 0 U 00 * 
Partners. Ol 409 1343 . 

SWV Lovely fH. lounge, dtoe bed. ML 
wmarh. C12S p.w. CO Lei. Ol 381 
1719 After 4 ool 

Opp co mm on. 2 bed tax 
flat. Superbly fumtshed. Gge. £630 PCm 
tor l yr. Tri 01 582 2226 wteta. 

sing bare. 2 baths ft enaiBriFF 

toLrerage- B/ alarm, oerst skg. CH tact 

£soo gw. 00 1st espy. 60S 7740 «r 0296 

, UTAilk Are you confused- mm 
4 Urrd of looking for a home to rent in 
London? DooTbcL (Mcpboue Use experts 
an OL 724 0336 . 

T A PE— ITT VtSITBie. Flats star Uni- 
versity 6 BrttKh Mtxseiuu. Tdresse 
. Helen wabon A CD. 380 6278. 

AVAILABLE MOW Luxory flsto A houses 
£200 - £1000 gw. Tri; Burgess S31 ‘ 



Ode. Corfu. Rhodes. Kos. 
Smaller Greek islands. The Algarve. 
- Menorca. Tenerife. 

It* 2*b 
ET29 El 69 
EW9 ET79 

76 Shaftesbury Av 1 
London W1V 7DC. 

01-439 0102/01-439 7751 
Opeo Saturday 10.00-13.00 

AMtTKKETSSPfriausIs New York C2S9. 
LA £346. Toronto Ol*. Natcoto £329. 
Svrdney C7S9 AucMand £749. Dartrir 
130 Jermyn SiresLOl BS9 7144 

ON IMreo/hris 10 Eu- 
LSA 6 most dcsllnattom. 
Dtotoraal Travel: 01-730 2201. ABTA 
14 T A ATOL- 

CHEAP FUBms Worldwide. HaymaniM 
01930 1366. 

MUOONT -FARES Worldwide: 01-434 
0734 Jupiter Travel. 


I- Ontv £107 catered males tnri 
«lri pun Free Houdai-i for Groups. 
Don't re iv* Ihl* opportunliy. SU WMz? 
01 370 0999 

Mi- noetic, vuiarv. Meoev e. Oomfort. ser- 
vice. weal, alamo. Phone OI 602 9766. 
SHI TRACER; Superb S/C In Tlgnni La 
Piagnr Deux Ainn 4 Megevr. Prices 
(rare only C£8t Ol 244 7361 


UMN TO SAIL, prreanal luillon 6 day 
rom-<R.Y A. dpprovrdL Sail wnh Usp- 
Krnl satong Sum) iRamtgaiei Ml 
France god Brlrium on board luxury 
rittih. ree lor 260 rtobrr £ 1 B 8 a berth 
re Inrfudie. For brochure pnone 0843 
584 47T. 


OPCP SaL 0753 8S70S6- 

nMNIR OOKENS Discount Fries world- 
wide- 01-307 9100 

LOW Cost Fares to L\SA. Major TTpvcL 
01 485 9237. IATA.,lS2Q22ftO 


MfiNWE 25,16. 
Oec/Jtn deps ton. 

Nw/Oee Daps tev ‘ 


E 95 





Ol 734 5307. A8TA/AM. 

L AFRICA From £466. 01-684 7371 

Vita. «t ana srak iwd toPdos N«iftgM 
torn Gannt*. Item and Hancnts» (sUnea id 
sopa tod rat). BrocianL bootings (24ln) 
lnst«Tri^*orertroa Carttoofc^ oNj 
dnef fra 


Teh London 21-251 5056 
Tri SbritoM 0742 331100 
Tri Mooches* 061 834 5033 
ATOL 2034 




♦ ♦1ST CLASS* * 



SPAM. Portugal. Ctmont (acts. BRgH. 
Ol 736 8191. ATOL 

•ST. Club c Economy Ore. Special 
fries. KTT Tck 01-930.1366. 

TRAVEL CENTRE. Worldwide fligtils 
mecuUHnp in 1st. CkP Ctas* economy 
id Australia. South Africa. USA. Lbbon. 
Faro. Geneva. Abo sccemedaUen Swire 
Alps. Lisbon Coasts. Algarve Apis A pri- 
VAie vtUav. Ol 656 7028 ABTA 73196 


£420 rln C764. Auckland o/w C420rtn 

£775. Jo*buro o/w £246 rtn C48S. Los 
Angeles o/w CI78 rtn £340. London 
FUgM Centre 01-370 6332. 

LITTLE VDBCE W9. A stusnlng 4lh floor 

flal Hi P8 mansion Mock, traraac decor 

4 rurnisMiigs. 2 very ige bedrms. 

beautiful rrcro overlooking gdas. brand 

new R kii/dincr - all macM 

24 hr porterage- HfL packs 

Al £273 pw. 244 7363 <TJ 

Rat/nouve: up lo CBOOpw. Usual fees 
reo. PhlUlps Kay A Lewis. South of me 
Park. Cnetse* office. 01-362 Sill or 
North or the Park. Regent's Pant office. 
01-586 9882. 




♦ JfXBUflG 


♦ FLU 









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* * 
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♦ ♦ 
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5 AHVCA ♦ 
t*auMJTW ♦ 


wjfloa ♦ 

TRAVELA3V - Low cost travel tor an loro 
twin mreH m rt w in v T«t oi-am 
1666 for a rompetMJv* ouMc. 


C W KL S F A. SmHh a. SW3- Newly dec 2 
bed m Iteor flat. Oi. eiec. gas « ctean- 
IKS ue. Co Id only. £300 pw. For 6 
morons. Short m by neg. AvMtaMe 
now. Tri Tracy or Rowena OI 629 
2791 Mon • Frl no agenis- (Tl 

CHELSCA SWlO. Gtegam * beouUfuby 
aoooroied sunny 2M Roar flal. 2 good 

sire bedrms. 2 recm. study. 1 bam. wc. 
lanx-fT kit with all nwMnes. Avail now 
i it. Pref Oo m C22S pw. Day so*, 
73SS. El* 736 5WT vTl 

CAST DOLN1CH SES. Ap attractive wen- 
mUntainrd 2 bed flat in PBB. IO nans to 
Mriana/Wrinloo. Rrcro. dto rm. IT Kll 
A-baUt. studs'- tre Of 9dn A gge. Avon 
Immed. Bull fcirntty or 2/3 sttarato. 
C110 pw. 244 7363 


KTBE PARK. W2 mod MOCK. TOO nr. a 
Beds. 2 Baths. BaKony, Fufly ftim. Gdn. 
P unifito Loro M- Oo or Embassy- 
i5 jo SC* cnagx Tri: 01-631 0648/01- 
3804829 Buckrtse. 

ALWAYS an UderesUng. ronstamliy 
(ttnoiM vetmion of funtisnM flats A 
hou»*i C100pw-G6^CK9pw. Bettoam A 
Hrevev. Kensington & Central London 
938 3622. 

Hampvlead Hroih. NWS. Fumrihed iw 
iiterntlv rrfuTO * Otr. Dole Bed. S«te 
Bed. Rrren. K&B. Prof Co WL CISOpw. 
Tel- 01-629 6102 TL 
Mirnnovn* MNK KW& Mbvnr. 
mod. »r« hse. 4 beds. 3 baths. |g* 
lounge web rotapped UL Prilo. gge. CP 
let prrfrtTFd. £200 pw. Tri: Ol 539- 
1742 alter from / 0246-413310 fdayf. 
nmWTW Suerra Wray agartmenL 
2 beds. 2 baHn. FT Mtrhen. wasn/ftier- 
Spanouv mainlainrd mature front / 
tear oardm. Gge- Ctow lo romnrea / 
tillage IN 01 379 0801 evenmgs. 
LBUtT MDSE Road. Baoenea. Tiny 
•rtf ron iai n rel vluttto flM. Bed al. bath- 
room. KUrneneiie. Cbnwaiw W- CfaO 
pw Trt 0268 &S09I 
AMERICAN BANK urgently tenures hu- 
UTV nptv/fafHKm, Chelsea. KmgMs- 
htkjor. Brtoravia jrta. £200 - C^OOO 
pw. Buraev* Mate Ageras 5*1 5136 
BEHR A BVTCNOFF tor luxury properties 
m W Johns Wood. Re. 
entv mux. Makm vale. Swiss Cod A 
Hampstead Ol Sap 7361 
BMNOFB RANK. 8W6. M apil l i ren l a bed 
lmrrnuid H mill i inn manure nr 
n-M^Ftocn-v. oi 73d ssoe. 


♦ ♦ 

♦ ♦ 

* ♦ 

♦ ♦ _ .... 


♦ USA * USA ♦ USA ♦USA ♦ 


(End 1969) 

SppiA Sl Eptom . Sumy 
ii»TO7> 275.1F/I55SW7IIR/ 


More lowfacpa ffiihis via more rmnes 
io now <teo 'n a w « ffiu any other 
88en^ - 

Fast open, higb-iecfc service- Free 
MxMwitie hold Ss car hire pass 
• q>K> 60% dbnrns. 
ImnmwSTOWL losuraaec. 
Rweipi Exrftince. 

Map A BoTOt Shop 


The Travel fere Travel Centre 
42-48 Eiris Court Road 
London W t 6EI 
Loob Haul 01-603 1515 
Europe/USA 01-937' $400 
1st BtsincH 01-938 3444 
GovtmacBi Licraecd/Boodcd 



Tieri v ourself to this rxcepdonH op- 
nortuiHU* ol a special end of 'season 
nlli* in TAORMINA. 1 ol Ute world's 
movl riruanl mens. 

:i ' Vlohet la mfhts - 121 * 
(k’tt4ter 11 uki .423V . 

aflmto * nifJnv tITu 

jut fLtuhec ft ntrfllv • 1 1 tri 

; Vnemhcr 3 mghp 4IJ» 

laDi ilklpwvr nf Uskliflle C>ai»fcL 
Apfitv R A B arcnnrnwilatkin: torn! 

lenvlriv & a i rp u fi Uwv 


IM. "DMV « Budaflten Gate. 

•*1-222 "452 ABT4/ATOL l<W7 

HBFOB ri tstindAraonPLC task 

SYD/MEt G63S Perm £866 AU mre* 
Cameis lo Auk/NZ. 01-584 7371 

UT1CUB Economy mreis wortdwMe. 
Cornel TraveL Ol 434 1091. ABTA 

VMJDUtHDCR European Sm FbgMs. 
01-402 4262/0062 

Vaprvandrr. ComortUnn woridwide 
lares. 01723 2277. AMs AIM Iris 

LATH AMERICA. Low rau fUgtov e.g. 
Rio CdBB. urea C49S rm. Atio SmaH 
Croon Houoav Journeys. irg Peru from 
C3SOi JLA Ol 7473106 
Amenta. MM and F4r EasL S Alrica- 
Tmvate. 48 Marrerrt SliHV Wl. Ol 
580 2928 "Viva ACCTTOedl 

aauum. Jamaica, kvobk. woruwioe 

dcstttwrdons. For the rhrgpMf fares, try 
. uv HI. Rtefmvxid Travel. l DokeStrccL 
Rlrtiniond Surrey. ABTA 01-9404073. 
MPMNAIR seal *aie4o LSAQpnbbean 
Far Lavi-Austratte. - can me 
profeevtoivals ABTA IATA cc recepM. 
Te* Ol 264 6788 

AUCAOTC. Faro. Malaga efcr. Dmond 
Travel ATOL 1783. 01-681 4641. 
Horwiare 68541 

ATHENS. Manga. Faro. Palma. Mid 
Irrms a Xmm. also nab'. Germany t 
sm iv ir CS9. Peter Pan Ol 491 2749 
CMMMES tipaiB Portugal flats-. Greece. 
Madrid fr Cfr 7. Tel: 01-43* 4326 ATOL. 
Air Baruaim 

mMPC/«TOMLP NK lowest tores on 
charter Ached uko IMS. Pitot FUghl 01 
t>31 0167. A* AM 1895. 

iiinoaporp C4E7 outer FXciura. 01 68a 
6514 ABTA 

. ■ LBboo 1 C99. FranKfurt Paris £60. 

01-328 5536/01 691 4613. 

SPAM Portugal Canaries Crew Italy ir 

S . 0, 434 

***** PQimiML GREECE. Flights 

F*kJ« Ot47, 0047 ATOL iSS. 

tflTv/t |u. 

F SH,y9 , * r holiday where ns sum 
ronunrr Call tornurarortiure new. Tu- 
™van Trairl Bureau. OI -373 4411. 
***** mk». Lowest fares «n raaiot 
♦ttedbledramrri. 01 -S84 7371 .ABTA 


ChartUev: 1 . Rose Darts Pcnsloa Fund . 

2. A R comm Pension Fund 

3. Kathleen Hamsworth Trust 

4 . The cturk Pension fund 

The Charily CommBstooerv have made a 
Scheme fur Uus charily. Copies can be 06 - 
latnrd tram Utem al St. Alban's House. 67- 
60 Hasmarkrt. London Swiy 4QJC ireff 
226064 A/9-VSL 


to scruon 588 MUir Companies Act 1948; 
Ihai a MeeUno of me OtsWors of the- 
above- named Company wtn be heto at 
E» on Monday I he 27th day of OttoSer 
1986 at 1 1.30 o'clock in the Fo re noon, for 
(he purposes menhoned in see lions 589' 
and S9o of the said Ad. 

DATED IMS 3rd day of October 1986 - 
By Order of the Board- 
D.W. KEENE F.tAv- 

tsonct » HEREBY Ort EN puisuanl lo 
Seri >00 588 of the Companies Art. 1985. 

lhai a MEETING oMhecredf tors of Amiri.' 

Corporation untried, will be held al Uir 

ofIKes 01 Leonard Cunts & (Unnns. 3rd 

Floor. Prier House. Oxford street. Man-' 

Chester MI BAB an Friday the i7tridayor 

October 1 Q 86 M 12.00 o'clock midday, lor - 

Ibe purposes PTOrtcted for m Sections 589 

and 590. 

Dried 1 he 2nd day of October 1986 


Scrtton 688 of Ihe Companies ACL 1985. 
lhai a MEETING of Hie rrrdkon of me 
«wte named Connany mih be held at me 
dav lhr lain day of Ortoorr 1986 al 12.00 
o'rloek mktdas-. far the ourpows provided 
•or in Sections 689 and 590. 

Dated Uie 30Ui day of October 1986 


SorllOB 688 01 Ihr Companies ACL 1985. 

lhai a MEETING of the creditor* of the 

above named company wiu he new al the 

on Ires Of LEONARD CURTIS 6 CO . Rlu- 



wednevtav lhe 22nd day of October 1986 

M 12-00 oYiork mtddav. lor Uie purposes 

provided tor In Sections 589 and 590 

Oated lhe 3rd day of October 1986 



tfretwn 588 or lhe Companies Art. 1985. 
lhai a MEETING of (he rrren lorv of me 
ahoip named Company wtH bc hrid at lhe - 
offices Of LEONARD CL RT1S 4 CO- SUu- 
Tuevlav the 2isl day of October i486 at 
l® OO •■flock midday, for Use purposes 
pro* Wed lor In bertiens 569 and 590. 
Dried lhe 2nd day of October 1986 


NOT KX B HEREBY Ol\ EN punuafll lo 
Section S88 of me Camaantes Art. 1985. 
lhai a meeting of lhe creditors ol lhe 
*TOie named Company will be held al lhe 
OfflrekOf LEONARD CL RT1S A CO. -Rlu 
STL ^2.„ EA ^TP OCRN * : terrace 

Monday the 20th Day of October 1986 a 
1200 o flock midday, for Ihr purpmes 
Kovdtefi lor in hertiom 689 dnd S90. 
Dated the 3rd d» of Onober 1986 


By Order of Ibe Kkpi Court of Juslke om- 
rillhe 26th dav of Mareh 1986. Mr outer 
bundertand ol Cork Gully. Chartered Ac 
roturiivnK. SheHey Hour.. 3 NoWe SlreeL 
EC2\ 700. nasorenaroomfed LkfliMatar 
of the •bore' named Company with a com- 
mute* « Inspection. 

Dated Uus oth Dav 01 Ortober 1986 

81 Order 01 lhe High Court of Juslter 
dated uie 28th <UV of AnrtL 1986, Mr 
Oiivrr buinterlud of Cork GtHlr. CMr 
terert ArrounUnh.Sheltey Mpuw. 3 Noble 
Sirrrt. EC 2 S 7D0 has been appointed 
Ltoutoator of the abme-named Com Pam- 
without a commniee or Imimian 
DMrd Hit* oi h day of Ortober ipflg 

. ^ - — 1 Wrii. Honeymoons or 
2nd Honeymoons ' ptsroser me Magic 
PI Hah \ roman Ur rules In Autumn or 
Winter Can Ol 749 7449 for your 
FREE < oiour . brochure Magic « Italy 
Oept T . 47 Shepherds Bosh Green. Lon- 
don. WL2 BPS. 

TABS TMZ OFF to Paris. Amsterdam. 
BiUMew. woes. Oaneva. Brno. L*u- 
sanue. The. Hague. DTOdm. Rouen. 
. . Boulogne 4 D*w. Time Oil. 2a. Chcv 
ler Oose. London. SW1.\ 7BQ. Ol S3B 
8070 ■ 

. ..z 


CLAHWM Spacfaua MnclKf a bed- 
room House, urge reception, fmiy 
fitted kitchen & dining room. CH. To 
- Irf from November, company let pu- 
f erred, -or migm suit up fa 4 
professional sharers. £2SQ gw -p^ 
01 720 1130 

Maxwell will 
reveal Games 
funding debt 

By Paul Martin 

Mr Robert Maxwell the lion, n 
Commonwealth Games Com- nese sh 
pany chairman, will today 
disclose to bis fellow-directortf DretKir j 
whether he has succeeded in 
staving off bankruptcy. ■ goods" 

According to his fellow ^hen t 
directors, Mr Maxwell is to entry tt 
announce a deficit exceeding. ... . 
£3.5 million, and will be ™ J 

■ demanding £2.7 million from 

the Government, the amount million 
he maintains was tost because dmwroi 
of the political boycott 

Negotiations between JJ® 11 ® 
Games representatives and Maxwe 
Scottish Office officials over a .' 

government rescue package aavera 
have been continuing in pri- & ven u 
vale. Mr Malcolm RifkindL Mr l 
Secretary of Slate for Scot- £250,(X 
land who has always referred {ties h 
to the. company's original jncludii 
pledge that the Games would ing in tl 
be self-financing, has not to- hospita 
tally ruled out involvement appeal 
once its affairs are wound op. brough 
. Contributions from the anotbei 

■ Japanese benefactor, Mr Ryo- from D 
ichi Sasakawa, are believed to printen 
amount to less than £1 mil- a Maxv 

lion, mainly from the Japa- 
nese shipbuilding industry. 

Hie original directors are 
preparing to criticise Mb' Max- 
well for “felling to deb'ver the 
goods" they say he promised 
.when he made bis dramatic, 
entry to the Gaunes in June. 

Mr Maxwell is expected to 
claim that he raised nearly £2 
million: . although feuow 
directors bdievea more realis- 
tic figure is £681,000. This is 
because £-1.3 million was Mr 
Maxwell's notional assess- 
ment of the value of the 
advertising and promotions 
given in his newspapers. 

Mr Maxwell paid out only 
L50.000 for the many farif- 

£250,000 for the many facu- 
lties his company enjoyed, 
including extensive^ advertis- 
ing in the main stadium and a 
hospitality suite. The national , 
appeal . . be launched had 
brought in only £258,000 and 
another £179,000 was raised 
from De la Rue, the banknote 
printers, which has a link with 
a Maxwell company. 

Queen brings a new 
warmth to Peking 

Continued from page 1 

been . much speculation. 
Would she ride in ared banner 
Chinese limousine? She would 
not, it was a vast black 
Mercedes. The red banner, a 
junior foreign ministry official 
confided, is an absolute glut- 
ton for oil 

The motorcade swept into 
the gathering dusk of the 
capital for the 10-mile ride to 
Diaoyutai state guesthouse No 
18, the most lavish accom- 
modation available, which 
workmen have been labouring 
frantically to restore in time 
for the visit. President Reagan 
and Mrs Thatcher stayed at 
the slightly inferior state 
guesthouse No 12. 

Few people lined the route, 
for it was the dinner hour, and 
advance publicity for the six- 
day visit has, m the normal 
Chinese style, been restricted 
to the barest of announce- 

By stepping on to Chinese 
soil the Queen has done what 
no Russian Tsar or Japanese 
Emperor has ever done, al- 
though she has been preceded 
in recent years by King Juan 
Carlos, of Spain and Queen 
Maigrethe, of Denmark, and 
her visit is sandwiched be- 
tween a Soviet delegation and 
the Japanese Prime Minister, 
Mr Nakasone. 

But it is regarded by the 
Chinese as being of more 
importance than any of them. 
The Queen lays to .rest the 
ghost of Lord McCartney, who 
arrived in 1793 to establish 
the first British mission, re- 
fused to kowtow to the em- i 
peror, and iniritated two 
centuries of bad blood. 

With the Hong Kong treaty 
signed, the Queen arrived as 
the first British monarch since 
George II to have no designs 
on any piece of Chinese soil. 

Photograph, page 7 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Princess of Wales, Presi- 
dent, Dr Bamardo’s, -visits the 
Princess Margaret School 53 
Middleway, Taunton, 10.40; 
then visits Unit 57, Norton 
Fitzwarren Trading Estate, 
Taunton, 12.10; and later, opens 
the Princess Margaret School 
Town House. 34 Wellington 
Road, Taunton, 12.45. 

Princess Anne, Chancellor of 
London University, launches 
the “Science for Industry” fiurat 
the Imperial College of Science 
and . Technology in celebration 
of the university's 150th 
anniversary, 10am; and presents 
Long Service Badges to nurses 
from the Queen's Nursing In- 
stitute at Drapers* Hall, 
London, 3pm; later, as Presi- 
dent of Save the Children Fund, 
attends the Musicians’ Appeal 
for Famine Relief in Africa 
concert at the Barbican. 7.25. 

The Duke of Gloucester, 

president. National Association 
of Boys' Clubs, will launch Club 
-.Week - ’ 1986 at the London 
Hippodrome. Leicester Square, 
-noon, ” 

The Duchess of Gloucester 
opens the new County Primary 
School in Hodnet, Shropshire, 
2pm; and visits the Probation 
Building. Telford New Town, 
•3pm; and then opens the new 
Magistrates' Courts Complex, 

New exhibitions - 
Paintings and drawings by Irene 
Ogden' *nd Canon David 
Bishop; Norwich Cathedral 10- 

Exhibitions in progress 

Hans Christian Andersen: 
paper-cuttings and illustrations; 
MacRoben Arts Centre, Stirling 
University; Mon to Sat 1 1 to 5, 
Sun 2 to 5 (ends Oct 29). 

Identity/Desire: representing 
the body, Collins Gallery, 
Strathclyde University, 22 Rich- 
mond St, Glasgow; Mon to Fri 
10 to 5. Sat 12 to 4 (ends Oct 3 1). 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,175 


1 Means buses can't move (9). 

6 Agree to strike (5). 

9 Swanns appearing since 
about spring (7). 

10 The proposition Edward set 
out (7). 

11 Poet occupying a loft? (SI 

12 Not even one of the Baker 
Street boys (9L 

13 Taking rest, lies sprawling, 
so is never weary (8). 

15 Assistance for the man with 
a record (4). 

19 Starting in chiropody, treat 
only a part of the foot (4). 

20 “Present mirth hath present 
M (Twdfih Night) (8). 

23 Risk coming by river (9). 

24 Concerned with a dog that’s 
come at intervals (5). 

26 Overhead lines (7). 

27 A country music man (7). 

28 Deposit fora house (5). 

29 An orange or possibly a 
green tin (9). 


Frantic hunt for Salvador quake victims 

... • Continued front ^ 

» & /- .. * 

/ :? s' . 

•• • -- 

/ * ■■ J. 

Digging for survivors: Rescuers combrag the rubbleof a building in titei centre of San Salvador destroyed 

in the earthquake. 



Oman recital by Pierre Gazin; 
Brangwyn Hall, 7.30. 

Concert by Moscow Phil- 
harmonic ' Orchestra, Oled 
Krysa (violin). Town Hall 
Middlesbrough, 7.45. 


Swansea Festival selection of 
wildlife films, Taliesin Arts 
Centre, University College of 
Swansea, Singleton Park, Swan- 
sea, at 5.00 and 8.00. 

Last chance to see . 

Prints by Tun Mara: ceramic 
sculpture' by Christie Brown: 
textile and paper h a n gi n gs by 
El da Abramkin; Oxford Gal- 
lery, 23 High St; Mon to Sal 10 
to 5 (ends Oct IS). 

The secret life of an oalewood: 
a photographic essay by Stephen 
Dalton; London Ecology 
Centre, 45 Shelton St, WC2; 
Mon to Sat 10 to 6, closed Oct 
11 and 12 (ends Oct 15). 

Paintings of things about the 1 
house and flowers & Landscapes 
by Winifred Murray, The Clar- 
endon Gallery, 139 Portland St, 
Wii;MontoSun 11 to 6 (ends : 
Oct 16). 

Sculptures by Lynn Chad- 
wick; Beaux Arts, York St, Bath; 
Mon to Sat 10 to 5 (ends Oct 
16). . . 

Hugh Barndcn: paintings and 
pastels; Francis Kyie Gallery, 9 
Maddox St, Wl; Mon to Fn 10 
to 6, Sat 1 1 to 5 (ends Oct 16) 
Paintings and drawings by 
Jane Stanton; Morley Gallery, 

I 61 Westminster Bridge Rd,SEl; 

; Mon to Fri 10 to 6 (ends Oct 


Nature notes 


. Migrant- birds are now flood- 
ing in from Northern Europe. 
Brent geese are arriving on the 
east coast estuaries; their bark- 
ing cries mingle with the callsof 
the curfews and redshanks. With 
them are many wild duck, 
especially widgeon and pintafl- 
Both these species feed by up- 
ending; as their heads go under- 
water, the widgeon reveal the 
.silky white plumage of their 
undersides, while the pintail 
depress their long, spikey tail 

Many snipe are also crossing 
the North Sea, and spreading 
throughout the British Isles in 
quite, marshy places. When 
flushed they give a rasping cry 
and zigzag high into the air. At 

dose quarters, they reveal ex- 
quisite markings or cream and 
brown. Native meadow pipits 
are coming down from the 
moors to the river valleys and 
continental birds are coming in 
to join them. Our small breeding 
population of siskins is also 
being rapidly augmented fry 

In the south, with dry, sunny 
weather continuing, trees are 
changing colour in a very patchy 
way. . Many oaks, ashes . and 
plane trees are still completely 
green. Some broken foxgloves 
have a few flowers on the 
drooping part of the stem; late 
buttercups and while clover still 
bloom side by side in the fields. 


Dyslexia week 

Bond winners 

Dyslexia week begins this 
week with the theme ’Focus on 
Youth'. It concentrates on 
dyslexics who remain un- 
detected at school, and who 
leave school without skills to 
face unemployment. 

Throughout the week many 
regional Institutes will be hold- > 
ing open days providing pro- 
fessional advice and guidance. 
For farther information tele- 
phone 0784 S949&. 

The winning numbers in the 
weekly draw for Premium Bond 
prizes are: 

£100,000: 12BB 121831 (the 
winner lives in Surrey); £50,000: 
8QB 349588 (Tunbridge Wells); 
£25,000: 15PN 524395 (Bath). 

London —d South-east: Road 
width reduced at Ebury Bridge 
near Victoria Station between 
Warwick Way and Buckingham 
Palace Road. A20: Roadworks 
I at Lenham and Hothfiek! be- 
tween Maidstone and Ashford, 
delays in both directions. M2& 
Roadworks at junctions 24 and 
23 between Potters Bar and 
Bigndls Corner. M3: Various 
lane closures on both carriage- 
ways at Chensey, until 4 pm. 
AI(M> New contraflow be- 
tween junction 6 (Welwyn) and 
junction 7 (Langley). Ml: 
Contraflow N of junction 1 1 

Midlands: Contraflow be- 
tween junction 22 (A50) and 
junction 23 (Loughborough). 
M54: Junction 6 (Telford) still 
dosed with diversions. M5: 
Lane dosures in both directions 
between junction 4 
(Bromsgrove) and Junction 5 

Wales and West: M4: 
Contraflow between junction 1 5 
(Swindon) and junction 17 
(Chippenham). MS: Two lanes 
closed on both carriageways 
between junctions II and 12 
(Chelienham/A38) and north- 
bound entry slip road dosed at 
junction 14; Lane closures be- 
tween junction 24 and 26 

The North: M6: Lane closures 
between San bach Service area 
and junction 18 (Holmes Cha- 
pel). Ml: Lane dosures between 
junction 35 (Rotherham) and 
junction 36 (A61). M18: 
Contraflow between junctions 6 
and 7 (Thome/M62). 

Scotland: M90: Contraflow 
and restrictions between Junc- 
tion 4 (Kelty) and junction 8 
(A91 Gienfiug}. A 9: Temporary 
lights over the River Tay at 
Jubilee Bridge. M73: Bridge 
repairs at junction 1 (south- 
bound link to A74), Glasgow. 

- Information supplied by AA 



6 am to midnight 

rather cloudy, ram in places later; 
wind S fresh or strong becoming 

wind S fresh or 
moderate; max tei 
SW Scotland, ( 
Kghlands, Argyll, 

temp 15C(S 
I, Glasgow, 
A, Northern 

Ing moderate; max temp ISC 
NE, NW Scotland, Orkney, 


5 Able to bring parking into 
use (6). 

6 The cost of an attack (6). 

7 Being in command etc per- 
haps calls for a mental fee- j 
ulty (9). 

8 Duck in in the Schleswig- 
Holstein river (5). 

14 Felt better and got dressed 
again? (9), 

16 Some crest! Some bird! (9). 

17 A Roman Emperor's 
bloomer (8). 

18 Changing gear, give trouble 

( 8 ). 

21 Writing the hotel a note is 

quite natural (6). 

22 Start in error with- the 
collection (6). 

23 Benefit a few and suffer for. 
it 15). 

25 Jacket one made from rac- 
coon-like animal (5). 


Births: Lillie Langtry, St 
Hdicr, Jersey, 1853. 

Deaths: Sir Henry Irving. 
Bradford. Yorkshire, 1905; Sid- 
ney Webb. 1st Baron Ftssfield, 
social reformer. Liphook, 
Hampshire. 1947; Antonio Ca- 
no va, sculptor. Venice, 1822; 

Saul Tcbernichowsky, Hebrew, 
poeL Jerusalem. 1943. 

Times mrtfttto Gold rules are as 

ITlmrj Portfolio Is free. Purchase 
of The Times ts not a conrHdon of 
taking part. 

XI If for any reason The Times' 
Prices Page ta no! gubjte hyd In me 
normal way Times Portfolio wtll be 


Son rises: Sunsets: 
7-21 am 6.12 pm 

normal way Times Pon 

suspended for that day. 

- Noon seta: Moon rtaes: 
*■“*“•* 1.34 am 5.09 pm 

Run moon: October 17 

lighting-up time 

In Uw columns provided next to 
your snares note tne price change i+ 
or -l. m pence, as pubHstied In that 
day's Tiroes. 

After HsUne Ow Dfjce changes of 

London &42 pm to 862 an 
Bristol 6SZ pm to 7.02 wn 
Edtaburgli 6.48 pm to 7.11 am 
Manch e ster (Ufl pm to 7.03 am 
Penzance 7.06 pm to 7.12 am 

your eight shares for that day. add up 
an «ghi share changes to give you 
jrour overall total plus or minus (+ or - 

Check your overall total against The 
Times Portfolio dividend published on 
Ihe Stock Exchange Prices page. 

The pound 

New stamp books 

Continued from ' 

The city centre and shanty- 
towns on the outskirts ofthe 
capital were the worst affected 

• LONDON: A team of M 
British rescue specialist* 
equipped with two search- 
Sd-rescue dogs andbrff a ton 


joirTthc search for survive* 
(Jonathan Miller wnies). 

v The dogs. collies, are 
trained to sniff out pwple 
buried beneath rubble and are 
considered ideal for rescue 
work in disaster areas. 

The work of the dogs vnllbe 

supplemented with an £S,uuu 
Bntish-mflde camera able to 
detect the body heat ofsurjT- 
vors trapped under rabble, 
and two sensitive instruments 
which can pick up itosounds 
of people trapped more than 

100 ft deep. . . 

One doctor, two dog ton- 
dlens, several firemen ana a 
number of amateur mountain- 
eers are included in the team. 
All arc taking unpaid time on 
from their jobs to help, said 
Mr Terrence Price, com- 
mander of the International 
Rescue Corps, a registered 
charity specializing m such 
operations. . 

Mr Price, a retired Gre 
service officer, said the team 
will arrive in San Salvador by 
raid-afternoon local time and 
is expected to remain in the 
country for 14 days. 

The prospects for success 
are excellent, Mr Pnre said. 
“The team has the skills, the 
equipment and the ability to 
work in these situations." 

H Salvador's Ambassador 
in London, Senor Mauricio 
Rosales, saw off the team at 
Heathrow airport yesterday 

The International Rescue 
Corps was started five years 
ago and became a formally | 
recognized charity in 1985. 
Last year; members assisted in 
the aftermath of earthquakes 

rthmml rnlnmhia 

looks a 

firm bet 

Continued from page X > 

Sundays now t and yesterday 

saw the running of the New. 
market Town Pune - but the 
outlawing of betting makes q 
impractical as a regular event 

What is still uncertain is 
how fer the Government 
would be prepared to go in 
legalizing Sunday betting. The 
crucial decision involves 
whether to allow high street » 
betting shops to open op in 
addition to permitting on- 
course betting. Bookmakers' 
credit account customers can 
already bet on Sunday sport- 
ing events. 

Genera! Sir -Cecil 
“Monkey” Blacker, deputy 
senior steward of the Jockey 
Cub, who is chairing a work- 
ing party on Sunday metat 
said yesterday while be 
voured legalizing off-cour* 
betting on Sundays, he would 
reluctantly accept oi K&tofe 
betting rather than having to 
Sunday racing at all. 

He was -“absolutely 
delighted" by the change, of 
heart within government dr. *' 
des towards Sunday, racing. 
“It shows that sense is begin- 
ning to come through." 

Sir Woodrow Wyatt, chair- 
man of the Horserace Total- 
isator Board and a penmen 

„ *- t. 

? • - 

..-v •H*-’ 


1 : '- - ' 

advocate of Sunday, racing, 
predicted classic events would 
be transferred to Sundays and 
attendance figures at Britan's 
racetracks would increase 
dramatically. “I think h would 
be absolutely right to have the 
Derby on a Sunday." 

As for the opponents of such 
change, he commented; “hi 
France, Italy and Ireland peo- 
ple really do go io church, and 
then turn up at the racecourses 
afterwards. If our cfoncfces 
were as full as those three 
countries', our church leaders 
would be delighted. . Their 
opposition is absolute 

Mr Henry Cecil the lop 
Newmarket trainer, said tint 
while the public would benefit 
I from Sunday racing, be stSE 
favoured having a “quiet day* 
, in the week when therewas Ro 
racing in order to be with fau 
family. He predicted tint 
Mondays could become the 
alternative non-racing day. "1 
am certainly not anti-Sunday 
racing", he said. 

toe dlulilMUi va 

in Mexico City and Colombia. 
The dews, Meg and Loch, 

The dews, Meg and Loch, 
are owned respectively by Mr 
David Jones, of Penmaen- 
mawr. North Wales, and Mr 
David Riley from the Lake 
.District Originally, more dogs 
were to be sent but their 
handlers decided not to take 
the trip because the animals 
would have tod to be kept in 
quarantine for Six months on 
their return to Britain. 

Air travel for the rescue 
team was donated by British 

Itlir" 1 ' 


<* r !’ l ’ 

HOOK TODAY Nww b Jwwn iamSOtca 1 

A trough of low pressure 
will move slowly E Into 
Scotland and Northern 

London, SE, central S, E, central 
N Engtond, East Anglia. MMtandK 
Rattier doudy, mist and a Ifttfe 
drizzle at fuse wind S or SE Ight; 
max temp 16C(61F). 

Channel (stands, SW England, S 
Wales: Fog patches at first, dry, 
sunny intervals developing; wind 
variable light; max temp 1BC (61 F). 

N Wales, NW, NE England, Lake 
District, Isle of Mn: Mamty dry. fog 
patches at first, sunny periods 
developing; wind .S Tight or mod- 
erate; max temp 16C (61 F). 

Borders, EdMxagh, Dundee, 
Aberdeen, Moray Firth: Becoming 


High Tides 

3r A 



r. Central 
n Ireland: 

fend: Cloudy with occasional rain, 
becoming a ttttle brighter and drier 
later; wind S strong beco ming SW 
moderate; max temp 14C (57F). 

Outlook for tomorrow and 
Wedn e sday: Occasional rain in the 
ter north . Otherwise mainly dry wfth 
some sunny intervals after over- 
night fog patches. Near normal 

b-Mue sky: be -blue sky ana cloud: c- 
ctoudy: o-overcasl: [-foe: <T-drtzzie: n- 
hall: mfcu mfcjt r-radn: frsnow: m- 
IhundersJonn: p-sbowers. 

Arrows show wind direction, wind 
speed impto circled. Temperature 


London Bridge 10.28 

Aberdeen 11.09 

AvomnouOi 3.54 

Bfldrat 8.33 

CwtMt 3J9 

DevB W pOft 2.56 

Dover 8.37 

Fahnoutb 2JX 

Glasgow 10.12 

Harwich (L35 

HoMwad *a03 

H»dt 3.05 

M fta oombo 3.05 


Liverpool 8.37 

Lowoittrft 5.51 

Morgan 8.44 

MWord Haven 328 

Nemquar Z3S 

Oban 4.01 

P onzancn 2.06 

Portland 4.04 

Portsmouth 9.00 

Shorabam 8.31 

Soufcwssjraw ©.-28 

Swansea X27 

Tees 12.38 

WTtoosjn-ttw EL33 

Tids measured In met 

HT m £>.- 
5 * 1125 vUC ■ 
17 11.10 =37 %. 

9.7 428 

3.0 8.47 .32 . 

9.1 423 ;W 

42 32Z U - 
5.4 923 57 

4.1 za d 
3 j9 10-41 41 . 

3.3 92S -V 

42 «.M 50 
5J9 4.19 . 

7X1 34* W - 

12.12: H . 

7.8 859 M ; 
22 I » U. - 
4-0 9iM H 

S3 158 5J * 

sa ass « 

29 4.12 M . - . 

4.3 222 - *7 • 

IJi.4.1*. M 
4.0 920 W 
52^ S ;• 

*0: 854 AS 
72 4J04 79 x 
4^ 126 48 . ‘ 
3.4- 927 f? ' 


Around Britain 

iratures « midday yesterday: c, 
L Me r. raid; s. sun. 

C F 

C F 

* 8 13 55 Guernsey c 1457 

ham c 1254 hammess 1 1355 
pool s 1355 Jersey c 1457 
I C 12 54 London C 1457 
r c 1152 Mtechstar f 1355 


Sun Rain 
his in 

E tfiuUu g fa 11457 Ne w castle s 1355 
Glasgow f 1457 RUdnany s 1457 

15 59 sunny 

16 61 sunny 

14 57 sunny 
16 61 sunny 
16 61 suny 

15 59 sunny 

Sun Ram Max 

hrs in OF. 

tttra co r nb e x - IS 69 SWW 

Teetoy 92 - 14 57 mwi 

CotwynBay - - 16 61 sunrrf 

WortMig 84 

Ute eheyn 72 

tte ndown x 

SfciM Mn^ ? x 

■Oenrage 92 

W ey m o uth 04 

TeJgnmouSi 92 

Torquay 92 

FaksouOi aa 

Penzance 10.0 

Jersey 9.5 

raiemsey 95 

SdHy tales' 9.7 

Newquay 94 

Doutfas 92 - 


London 72 - 18 64 sunny-- 

B’bamAbpt 82 - 16 61 sunny 

Bristol (CM) 8.8 - 17 63 sunny 

CwdW {CM 84 - 15 59 sunny 

Anglesey 94 - 15 59 sorry 

B’pooUUrpt 8.1 • 15 59 MTy 

Mnclwriar 73 • 15 59 sunny 

Nottingham 8.6 SO. 18 01 sunny 

N'cfl-n-Tyne B.5 - 15 59 w*wy 

CertisU 80 - 14 57- auteV 

- 14 57 aWt 

16 61 sunny 

17 63 sunny 

EaMMaim* 62 JB2 

Frestarldt 82 .01 

Gtaagow s.1 

Ylnra 33 - 

St o rnow a y 1.7 

Lanrick Z£ .01 

Wtek 6.5 - 

Klnkas 5.9 - 

Aberdeen 9.4 

3L Andrews 8.7 • 

17 1 Bril) i n gh 65 - 

13 55 log 
15 59 sormf 

15 39 sorry 

14 57 sunw 
13 55 diowjrt 
12 54 shQ**» 


» re tutor 

16 Bi awry 

15 58 SW* 

Belfast 63 - 

14 57 SUM V 

Those are Saturday's figure* 







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V -V**3 «K •>,... 

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trn. ff* «| ;•- : - 

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-fc^iuj*! -r“= 

»'« jktijti*.**;. 

Jtafev Mrfh -;- ■ 

Wff j.Jcr ^ “s.- : ' 
•Jf“t W-W - .. 

dtilM** I*'--. . 

HK**') z - '■'■■' 
mpW J ♦: .7- ..-. 

3. - 


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* * 

-j * 

> : 
* •■ 

"" r . t' 
U * '" * 

W L ' .<* 

business and finance 


Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 

a D ffir m) 


US Dollar 

1.4335 (-0.0075) 

W German mark 
2.8462 (-0.0322) 

67.6 (-0.6) 


UK firms 
trade drive 
with China 

From Alan Hamilton 

Tlie largest British trade 
delegation to visit China 
is beginning two days of talks 
in Shanghai in the hope that 
exports will receive a boost in 
the slipstream of the Queen's 
state visit 

One hundred and ten 
businessmen led by Sir James 
Cleminson, chairman of the 
British Overseas Trade Board, 
and Sir Eric Sharp, chairman 
of Cable and Wireless, are 
anxious to take advantage of 
the good diplomatic relations 
between the two countries. 

Twenty five industrialists 
will host a “sea day” on board 
the Royal Yacht Britannia for 
Chinese trade officials. 

They will be attempting to 
sell British expertise in areas 
of priority in uiina's five-year 
economic plan: energy, trans- 
port, telecommunications, 
food processing and metal 
process plant 

It is hoped that about 12 
contracts will be signed for 
projects in the Shanghai area. 

: British exports to China are 
growing, from £160 million m 
! 983 to £396 million last year, 
and the indications are that 
they may top £500 million this 

Agreement on a £300 mil- 
lion soft loan has enabled 
British companies to win five 
big contracts, including the 
building of a power station 
and a steel tube mill. 

However, the Chinese have 
been disappointed at the slug- 
gish pace of trade in the 
opposite direction, with im- 
ports lb Britain last year 
reaching only £308 million. 

The Chinese, committed to 
a modernization programme 
which demands a great deal, of 
western technology, do not 
want to cut imports, nor do 
they want to repeal the experi- 
ence of Brazil and other Third 
World countries in amassing 
•impossible debt 
The Chinese are also dis- 
appointed that they have 
failed to attract a higher level 
of foreign investment despite 
the establishment of a number 
of joint ventures with western 
companies, including 
Piikington Glass and Avelmg- 
Barford from Britain. 

Potential foreign investors 
complain that the atmosphere 
in China is too restrictive, 
bureaucratic and expensive, 
with severe controls on the 

X triarion of profits — issues 
:h the British delegation 
intends to bring forcibly to its 
hosts* attention. 

Since China introduced its 
open door policy with the 
outside world in 1978. and 
since much of the central 
planning has been dismantled 
— production of commodities 
governed by central planning 
has dropped — the Chinese 
economy has been growing at 
about 7 per cent a year. 




Lawson may sell 
shares in BP to 
finance tax cuts 

The Government is almost 
certain to sell off more shares 
m BP next year to help finance 
tax cuts. 

Legal advice available to the 
Chancellor. Mr Nigel Lawson, 
suggests that a BP share sale 
could be held without breach- 
ing Government pledges 
made at the time of the last 
sale in September 1983. • 

If the whole shareholding 
were sold it could raise £3,000 
million, enough to cut income 
tax by 3p in the pound. 

The prospert of a BP share 
sale could relieve what would 
otherwise be an increasingly 
difficult situation for the 
Chancellor at the time of his 
next Budget 

The Government owns just 
under 32 per cent of BP. The 
shares closed' at 685p on 
Friday night down Up on the 

The importance of a BP 
share sale is that it would 
provide a way of raising funds 
for the Government while 
cutting direct income tax. 

Concern about the level of 
pay settlements has reinforced 
the Government's inclination 
to cut direct taxation. Tt is 
jioped that lax cuts could 
induce workers to accept 
lower pay settlements. 

The BP share stake has two 
particularly attractive char- 
acteristics from the Gov- 
ernment’s point of view. The 
first, which has been rediscov- 
ered only relatively recently, is 
that it is not covered by any 
limitations on when the Gov- 
ernment can sell. 

By David Blake 

At the time of the last share 
sale, which raised just under 
£1,000 million, the Govern- 
ment said it did not intend to 
sell any more shares for the 
“forseeable future” Lawyers 
have now ruled that the 
“forseeable future” means 18 
months from the time of sale. 
However, no sale is Likely 
before the beginning of fiscal 

The second attraction of BP 
is that it could be less conten- 
tious politically during what 
could turn out to be an 
election year. Although the 
Labour Party has -committed 
itself to renationalizing activ- 
ities such as British Telecom, 
it has made no pledges about 
BP sales. 

Indeed, the process of dis- 
mantling the stale holdings in 
BP began under the Labour 
Government in 1976 when 
shares were sold in an attempt 
to bead off the sterling crisis. 
Labour would thus have diffi- 
culty in opposing any further 
sales as an issue of principle. 

Mr Lawson and the Prime 
Minister, Mrs Thatcher, be- 
lieve that cuts in income tax 
are needed on economic and 
political grounds. 

Bui economic forecasts to 
be completed this autumn are 
expected to show there will be 
little room for any tax give- 
aways in the 1987 Budget, 
even after allowing for the 
£4,750million which the Gov- 
ernment already expects to get 
from selling off nationalized 
industries. Any BP sale would 

provide funds on top of these 
privatization proceeds. 

’There are two reasons for 
the Chancellor’s difficulty — 
the collapse of the oQ price is 
cutting the amount of revenue, 
which he receives from the 
. North Sea and, in spile of .his 
determination to cut taxes, 
many of his colleagues want to 
increase public spending next 


The “Star Chamber”, where 
spending ministers are called 
before senior Cabinet col 
leagues to explain their de- 
mands for more money, was 
postponed this year until after 
the Conservative Party con- 

Although the Government 
is expected to stand by its 
pledge to limit the planning 
total for public spending io 
£144 billion in 1987-88, it is 
likely to do this only at the 
cost of trimming the safety 
margin contained in the 
contingency reserve: 

Because public spending 
next year looks as if it will be 
fairly high, the Chancellor 
would have little room for 
income tax cuts if he is to 
achieve his goal of keeping 
public borrowing down to a 
responsible leveL 

This is all the more inv 
porfant because the recent 
decline in sterling, which the 
Government ’ is prepared to 
allow to go further, will lead to 
increased export demand next 
year. There? is, therefore, little 
room for increasing domestic 
demand if inflation is to be 

kept under control. 

Building society to 
link up with broker 

By John Bell, City Editor 

Bristol & .West Building 
Society is planning a link with 
Laing A Cruickshank. the 
stockbroker, to provide a 
range of investment services 
through its 170-strong branch 

“We are delighted to be the 
first stockbroker to link up 
with a building society, es- 
pecially one of this calibre,” 
said Mr Nigel Wilson, a Laing 
& Cruikshank director. 

Mr Robert Linden, Bristol 
& West's general manager, 
would not discuss details of 
the plan ahead of a members' 
meeting which must be con- 
vened so that the society can 
use new powers available 
under the Building Societies 
Act. “Nevertheless, the prosr 
pects are extremely en- 
couraging,”he said yesterday. 

There will be two pilot 
schemes before the services 
are offered nationally. But if 
they go well members of the 
public will be able to use 
Bristol & West’s offices for 
their investment business as 

well as the society’s 800,000 

The link with Laing & 
Cruickshank, part of the Mer- 
cantile House Group, will be 
closely examined by other 
broking firms as it provides 
immediate access to a large 
number of retail outlets. 

Other brokers such as 
Quitter Goodison have been 
pursuing the much slower 
route of introducing retail 
sendees through their own 
branch networks. 

Mr Linden stressed that 
while he was convinced of the 
the benefits which building 
society investment offers, 
some people may wish to 
participate in equity invest- 
ment too. 

Threat care will be taken to 
explain the inherent risks of 
stocks and shares,” he said. 
“However, we believe this 
innovative development wifi 
be welcomed by both our 
existing and potential new 

Consumer watchdogs 
seek changes to Bill 

By Lawrence Lever 

The Consumers Association association is particularly con- 
is today calling for a series of 
amendments to the Financial 
Services BUI which it says will 
reflect its investor protection 

The report .stage of the Bill 
begins in the House of Lords 
tomorrow and is scheduled to 
last three days. However, 
more than 500 amendments 
have already been tabled. 

Among the Consumer Ass- 
ociation's demands are: 

• A total ban on cold calling 
(unsolicited seDing) of all 
investment products. The 

cemed about cold-call selling 
of the new personal pension 
plans which will become 
available to almost everyone 
in 1988. 

• Full disclosure of commis- 
sions earned and expenses 
levied on sales of life insur- 
ance. The association wants 
potential purchasers of life 
policies to be given full and 
detailed information such as 
the “totality of the charges 
that have been made” before 
investors’ money is invested. 

Feature, page 21 

Doubts on 
share pay 

By Our Economics'. 
Correspondent ' : 

The Government has had a 
mixed response to hs Green 
Paper proposals for profit- 
related pay. The deadline for 
comments is Friday but al- 
ready there are indications 
that reaction has fallen short 
of the support the Chancellor 
was looking for. * 

Tax incentives for profit- 
Tdated pay are still likely to 
appear in. the next Budget, 
however, providing tax relief 
on up to 5 percent of total pay 
m companies which create a 
profit-related pay pool equiva- 
lent to 20 per cent of the pay 

A survey just published by 
Towers, Perrin, Forster and 
Crosby, the management con- 
sultants. shows that 48 per 
cent of existing profit-sharing 
arrangements would be 
adapted to attract any avail- 
able tax incentives. 

Fourteen per cent were un- 
decided and 38 per cent said 
they would stick with existing 

But companies not operat- 
ing profit-sharing arrange- 
ments were cool about the 

Only 6 per cent said that 
they would definitely in- 
troduce them, while a further 
20 per cent said they would 
seriously consider doing so. 
But 39 per cent said they 
would not introduce profit- 
related pay, and 29 per cent 
said they were unlikely to do 

A government scheme with- 
out tax incentives would be 
even less successful. Only 10 
per- cent of companies said 
they would consider introduc- 
ing profit-related pay without 
tax incentives. 

Sheikh Ya m a ni ; Backing a new agreement 

Spot market awaits 
Opec quota ruling 

From David Young, Geneva 
spot market will indicated that if all the other 

The OH 
deliver its verdict os the 
Organization of Petit) learn 
Exporting Coontries’latest 
bout of procrastination today 
with trading likely to be at a 
total standstilL 
The major oil companies 
and refiners have until Thurs- 
day to nominate the size of 
actual deliveries they will take 
during November — “wet” as 
opposed to “dry” or “paper” 
barrels which can change as 
often as a dozen times a day 
among the spot traders. 

By then Opec hopes it will 
have a new quota agreement 
which will send prices through 
the SIS a barrel mark back 
towards its target of $17— $19 
a barrel by the end of the year. 

Although stocks at most ofi 
companies are high, other 
refiners and customers have 
been holding off buying for the 
past week while Opec meets 
and a new agreement over the 
next two days could lead toa 
flurry of buying in the market. 

Sheikh Ahmed Zaki Ya- 
mqi» 8, the Saudi oil minister, 
announced yesterday 
an intermediary that he is 
hopeful of a new agreement 
and is determined to work to 
achieve it 

The most likely outcome is 
that a new agreement wOl be 
hammered out which will be 
introduced from January 1 and 
the present outpm agreement 
of 16JB million barrels a day 
will be rolled over until then. 
This agreement is due to 
expire in two weeks* time. 

An extension of the agree- 
ment has been accepted in 
principle by 12 of the 13 Opec 
ministers, with the only oppos- 
ing voice coming from the 
Kuwait o3 minister. Sheikh 
Aii Khalifa, and even he has 

nations are serious about 
working towards a new agree- 
ment he would not oppose the 
present system continuing. 

A formal announcement of a 
continuation of the existing 
agreement would in itself rally 
the oil price, according to 
traders who have been closely 
monitoring the Geneva 

The announcement of a new 
quota system within the next 
few days would also help the 

Searevemaes andatso lead to 
increases in theshare prices of 
oil companies in London. 

Opec's technical advisers 
have now spent three days 
locked in discussions on an 
advanced new qnota system. 
Under it each member conn- 
try's national economic needs 
are assessed according to a set 
of agreed criteria based Hpon 
which a percentage of an 
overall production ceffing b 

The technical advisers will 
present their findings to a full 
ministerial meeting likely to 
be convened later today: 

The Opec conference presi- 
dent Bfiwanu Lnhman, the 
Nigerian oil mmistet; told an 
energy seminar in Rimini, 
Italy, yesterday that Opec 
member countries lost a total 
of $100 million a day because 
of unlimited production in the 
first half of this year. 

But, he said, Opec was 
determined in the long run to 
recapture a bigger share of the 
world oil market, some 30 per 
cent today from around 45 per 
cent a few years ago. 

He was bitterly critical of 
Britain for foiling to co-op- 
erate with Opec in keeping 
output down and prices stable. 

Rates pressure 
eases ahead 
of key speech 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

Financial markets are set » 
hold off from pushing British 
interest rates higher until the 
Chancellor of the Exchequer's 
speech at the Mansion House 
on Thursday. 

But the absence of a 
convincing new message then 
could push the pound down 
further, and base rates sharply 

A number of official figures 
are due out this week which 
will be unhelpful to Mr 
Lawson. They include the 
producer price figures today, 
-which are likely to show that 
manufacturing industry’s 
costs rose by up to 2 per cent 
last month because oF the 
pound's weakness. 

On Friday, the September 
retail price index is expected 
to show a rise in the annual 
rate of inflation from 2.4 per 
cent in August, to 3 per cent. 
The September public sector 
borrowing requirement to be 
published on Thursday, is 
expected to be about £3 

An uneasy truce between 
the markets and the authori- 
ties developed at the end of 
last week after the Chanc- 
ellor's party conference 

Having decided that a rise 
in base rates was not possible 
in the week of the Conser- 
vative Party Conference, deal- 
ers began to think it was worth 
waiting to see what Mr 
Lawson had to say at the 
Mansion House. 

The Bank of England, in 
refusing to allocate bills at the 
weekly Treasury bill tender for 
the second successive week, 
signalled its determination to 
hold interest rates steady. 

In his Mansion House 

speech a year ago. the Chan- 
cellor announced that he was 
suspending the target for ster- 
ling M3 

A sterling M3 target of 1 1 to 
IS per cent annual growth was 
reintroduced in the March 
Budget' But so far, the 
authorities have failed to hit 

Even so, the Chancellor is 
expected to retain the sterling 
M3 target because, unlike a 
year ago when there was an 
operational reason — the end 
to overfunding — for abandon- 
ing it, this is not the case this 

According to economists at 
Capel-Cure Myers, the Chan- 
cellor has several options in 
his speech. He could promote 
alternative monetary targets. 
He could move towards direct 
controls on bank lending or 
mortgages to rein back the 
growth of crediuHe could also 
announce a move to formal 
targeting of the exchange rate 
within the framework of the 
European Monetary System. 

However, the Chancellor 
will be reluctant to experiment 
wiib another monetary target. 
Direct controls on lending are 
out of step with Conservative 

And, as the markets are 
aware, the final decision on 
the European Monetary Sys- 
tem rests with the Prime 
Minister. In any case, the 
Chancellor would be unlikely 
to use a set-piece speech to 
announce EMS entry. 

He is expected to focus on 
the balance of payments, 
countering some of the recent 
gloom, and to argue that much 
of sterling’s fall has been a 
direct reflection of the foil in 
oil prices. 

Pre-election boom ‘may 
lead to 10% inflation 9 

By Our Economics Correspondent 
The Government is success- Quarterly UK Macroeconomic 

folly engineering a pre-elec- 
tion boom, according to a new 
City forecast published today. 
But one result is likely to be 10 
per cent inflation soon after 
the election. 

The forecast, from a new 
monetarist model of the econ- 
omy constructed by MesseL, 
the stockbroker, suggests that 
the economy will grow by 4.1 
per cent next year, the prob- 
able election year. 

Inflation will edge up next 
year but. at 4.3 per cent, will 
not be seen as out of control. 
And the balance of payments 
wiQ be in .deficit but only by 
£1.1 billion, according to the 

In 1988, however, the prob- 
lems will .arise: The “core” 
rate of inflation in the econ- 
omy will rise to between 8 per 
cent and 9 per cent, and retail 
price inflation could touch 10 
per cent, Messel says in its 


Much of the current strong 
growth in broad money, ster- 
ling M3, has been reflected in 
sharply rising prices for 
houses and financial assets. 

But “it seems implausible 
that we can continue to enjoy 
20 per cent a year increases” in 
share arid property values 
without similar price inflation 
in goods and services. 

The Government’s res- 
ponse should be to raise 
interest rates sharply now and 
to alleviate the dangers of 
inflation later, Messel says. 

However, the boom in pros- 
pect for next year may make 
the Government unwilling to 
take corrective action. “The 
cost of Mr Lawson's monetary 
boantiet may be 10 per cent 
inflation in two or three years' 
time, but the benefit will be 
rather vigorous growth,” 
Messel says. 

in a bottle 

Guinness launches a £2.5 
million advertising campaign 
this week aimed at ridding its 
bottled stout of its cloth-cap 

Liter its successful “Guinn- 
less” and "Pure Genius” cam- 
paigns for draught stout, the 
company wants bottled stout 
to appeal to the young and 

Mr Gary Luddington, the 
marketing director, said the 
company wanted to escape the 
idea that bottled . Gutrmess 
was the drink of “lonely old 
ladies in the coiner of a pnb 
The bottled brand has now 
been given a gold foil top, a 
television commercial and a 
new name. Guinness Extra. 


TODAY - Interims: Edin- 
burgh Investment Trust. 
Famell Electronics, Foihergiu 
and Harvey. IBL. Rand Mines 
Group. Rcntbia Rubber. H C 
Slings by, Steel Brothers. 
Finals; Bryant Holdings, 
Medminster, Ramus 

, TOMORROW - Interims 
Alexandra Workwear. Brent 
V^alker Group. Hamsons ana 
Crosficld. Honda Motor Com- 
pany, Ronald Martin Group. 
Microlease, TV-am. Firmls 
. Glaxo Holdings,. S Lyles. Rat- 
erson Zochonis, Peachey 
j Property Corporation. 

■ Bochin's. 

WEDNESDAY - Interims: 
.'Abbey Life Group, Allebone 
and Sons, Bisichi Tin, City of 
.^Oxford Investment Trust, 
••Conrad Holdings. Delyn 
.'Packaging. Fogarty, Gutiine 
J Corporation, Helene of 
' London. House of Lerose, 
•‘Monotype. Municipal Proper- 
; ties. Peek Holdings. Rockware 
‘ ‘ Group, Svenksa Cellulosa. 
•- Finals: Ailkcn Hume Interna- 
1 tional Be jam Group, Eleco 
~ — - Invest. 

ments, Portland Holdings, 

THURSDAY - Interims: J 
BiHam, Brewmaker, Cowells, 
East Rand Gold and Uranium 
Company, Freehold Group, 
Hunting Associated Indus- 
tries. 1DN Atlantic Invest- 
ment Trust, Micro Focus 
Group. Nu-Swift Industries, 
Sconish Mortgage and Trust 
Smaller Companies Interna- 
tional Trust TDS Circuits, 
Transvaal Group Gold Min- 
ing. * River and Mercantile 

Finals: Fleming Japaneseln- 
vestment Trust Freestate 
Consul Gold Mines, John 
Kent Orange Free State In- 
vestments. Welkom Gold 

FRIDAY - Interims: Arling- 
ton Securities. British Dredg- 
ing. Comprehensive Financial 
Services, Davies and Newman 
Holdings, Go vert Oriental In- 
vestment Trust Lee Cooper 
Group. London and Associat- 
ed In vestment. Trust. Finals: 
Global Group. Scottish Met- 
jxrooHtan Puberty. 

Bates fears Saatcbi strategy 

By Jonathan Miller 

Executives of Ted Bates, the 
advertising agency purchased 
by Saarchi A Saatehi in May 
for £298 nullioa, expect their 
agency to lose its separate 
identity In a reorganization 
intended to stop the flight of 
clients and restore confidence 
in SaatchTs strategy of growth 

The reorganization is ex- 
pected to be announced this 
week or next, and could lead to 
job losses at Bates, they 

SaatchTs purchase of Bates, 
which made the group the 
largest advertising agency in 
the world, was predicated on 
retaining separate identities 
for the two agencies. 

Maintaining a degree of 
separation was considered to 
be important to retain the 
confidence of clients, avoiding 
conflicts of interest in which 
the same agency represents 
competing cheats. 

But in the last four mouths 
>ent turmoil at Bates, 
rite denartare of its _ 

Maurice (left) and Charles Saatehi: Turmoil at Bates 

American chairman, Mr Rob- 
ert Jacoby, has shaken client 
confidence io the agency. 
SaatchTs share price bis turn-, 
bled from a high for tins year 
of985ptoacfase last week at 

The defection of Bates cli- 
ents, indndina Nabisco, Col- 
gate, Michel ob and Warner- 
Lambert, has forced a re- 
evaluation of the plan to keep 

While neither Saatehi nor 
Bates have made any formal 
announcements, staff at Bates 
last week were convinced that 
they will soon be absorbed into 
the parent company, with a 
loss in London of 25 to 30 jobs 
out of a staff of 150. 

Miss Bronwen Maddox, a 
media analyst for Klefnwort 
Griereson, the Gey brokerage, 
said yesterday the absorption 
of Bates would be “a real 

the agencies operating sepa- 
ratelv, Recording to executives, adqossfon qf foflwe” 

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No early divorce in uneasy 
union of trade and aid 

As marriages of conve- 
nience go, the uneasy alliance 
between the donation of aid to 
developing countries and 
efforts to promote trade be- 
tween Britain and those same 
markets has been a particu- 
larly fraught relationship, but 
one that is unlikely to lead to a 
separation for some time yet. 

Officials of the 24 member 
countries of the Organization 
for Economic Co-operation 
and Development gathered in 
Paris on Thursday to consider 
ways to force a dearer distinc- 
tion between aid and commer- 
cial subsidies. 

Under scrutiny were gov- 
ernment schemes, like our 
own Aid and Trade Provision, 
which allocates a proportion 
of the aid budget to finance 
specific British bids for busi- 
ness in developing countries. 

But while many govern- 
ments agree that aid and 
subsidies should be more 
clearly separated, discussions 
about ways in which to re- 
strain such funding are taking 
place against a background of 
countries foiling over them- 
selves in the race to secure big 
overseas projects with the help 
of subsidized credits and soft 

In Britain passions run high 
about ATP, considering that it 
represents about 5 per cent of 
the total aid programme and 
accounts for less than 1 per 
cent of total exports. 

At best it is applauded as 
both a helping hand for the 
Third World and a support for 
British commercial interests 
which have to compete against 
the aggressive trade schemes 
of France and Japan. At worst 
it is seen as a thinly-disguised 
circumvention of inter- 
national trade regulations 
which leads to the subsidiza- 
tion of big companies and 
misuse of aid funds. 

Calls made for its abolition 
are followed by equally vocif- 
erous demands for a much 
bigger and more straight- 
forward commercial ATP 
budget But interest from in- 
dustry in aid support is high; a 
recent conference by the Over- 
seas Development Admin- 
istration attracted 200 com- 
panies. . , 

Perhaps a gloomier outlook 
for exports means that com- 
panies are increasingly look- 
ing for any help that is on 

ATP was introduced in 
1977 as a facility to compete 
with other countries offering 
“mixed credits” to promote 
exports. It provides for at least 
25 per cent of a contract to be 
covered by a block grant, and 
for foe balance to be met by a 
subsidized loan backed by foe 
Export Credits Guarantee 

In contrast to schemes 

. y;. - 

Third World fishermen: : Does ATP aid reach all tbe poor? 
which originate as part of foe sorbed more than half avail- 

« ■ »* " nnv, «k1a ATP (rinHc 

normal bilateral aid pro- 
gramme, the initiative tor 
ATP business is taken by foe 
companies themselves. Hence 
it is only at a late date that the 
developmental worthiness of 
the project is assessed, often 
under severe time pressures as 
foe company seeks to win a 
contract against foreign com- 

This in-built conflict be- 
tween developmental and 
commercial consideratio ns is 
at the root of oomplaints from 
both parties in the ATP 
argument A “real aid" lobby 
says that the developmental 
implications of ATP projects 
have not been taken seriously 
enough, while foe indus- 
trialists complain that for 
speedier decisions are needed 
and that “all this intellectual 
argument is nothing more 
than the self-indulgent British 
puritan ethic”. 

Research by Professor John 

able ATP funds. 

No wonder then that there 
is such a strong lobby from 
industry, and notably those 
big companies, for a greater 
proportion of aid money to be 
set aside for ATP. 

No wonder that there is also 
friction between the Depart- 
ment of Trade and Industry, 
which wants u> offer financial 
packages aggressively, to help 
capture as many overseas 
contracts as possible, and the 
Overseas Development Ad- 
ministration which sees ATP 
more as a necessary eviL 

Away from the philosophi- 
cal discussion, however, is a 
more important consideration 
of whether ATP is actually 
working . property. Industry 
regularly calls for an increase 
in ATP funding which this 
year has an unusually high 
upper limit of £90 million, 
after foe biggest-ever grant to 
support a £200 million Malay- 

IVC&COII.U UJ 1 IVIW.V1 - “ _ 

Tove at foe University of sian water-supply contract 

Swansea questions whether 
foe quality of ATP aid is likely 
to be lower in developmental 
effectiveness than normal bi- 
lateral aid. 

His figures suggest that 

But over foe past few years 
the budget has been consis- 
tently underspent last year by 
almost 50 per cent because foe 
Malaysian deal was delayed. 

According to foe Overseas 

there are marked differences Projects Board, an advisory 
between foe destinations of body of company chiefs and 
ATP money and those of non- bankers, ATP-backed con- 

ATP bilateral aid, with foe 
poorest countries losing out in 
foe former case. 

“Not much imagination is 
necessary to see that poverty- 
focused projects in foe urban 
or rural sectors of developing 
countries may do relatively 

tracts in the financial year 
1985-86 had a total British 
content of£85 million, consid- 
erably less than in foe pre- 
vious year and compared with 
ATP expenditure of £37 

The OPB complains of a 

little for British exports or lack of flexibility in the way 
technological links,” says the scheme is run and wants a 
Professor Toye. speedier response from foe 

. The emphasis of ATP is ODA. Dark hints — with no 
away from Africa and Comm- names mentioned - are made 
onwealth countries, and there about contracts that were lost 
is evidence that the scheme because of timing. 

diverts aid to countries which 
would not normally qualify 

"The present system engen- 
ders overly cautions attitudes 

for it under foe bilateral aid and protracted discussion be- 

programme, he says. 

There is also a marked 

fore decisions are taken,” says 
the 1985-86 report published 

concentration on support for last week, 
electrical engineering projects ATP, says the report, “must 
and just four companies — be operated with commercial 
GEG NET Davy McKee and considerations as the main 
Balfour Beatty - have ab- criteria" but this would seem 

to come dangerously dose to 
advocating just foe sort of 
practice outlawed under the 
General Agreement on 
Tarrifis and Trade. 

While the scheme is with us 
at least one permanent change 
looks sensible — allowing any 
unused provision to roll over 
from one year to the next, 
given foe lumpy nature, of 

In terms of administration a 
report by Professor Beesley at 
foe London Business School, 
commissioned by foe Major 
British Exporters' group, said 
there were some Serious 
shortcomings” in the process 
of obtaining ATP. 

“The very least the British 
Govern mem owes them (the 
companies) is determination 
to remove, as for as possible, 
foe impact of departmental in- 
fighting on their bidding 
procedures,” he says. 

He suggests transferring the 
active management of the 
scheme to the Projects and 
Export Policy divirion of foe 

Even more radical is the 
proposal to meet the concerns 
of the ODA and the Treasury 
(which has always disliked 
ATP) well before specific con- 
tract battles are joined. This 
would involve giving almost a 
blanket go-ahead to certain 
countries and sectors for ATP 
deals so that case-by-case 
developmental justifications 
would not be necessary. 

The ODA, for its part, 
blames companies for making 
their ATP applications too 
late in the day, and challenges 
industrialists to provide the 
evidence for any contracts lost 
because of ODA delays. 

It also maintains that foe 
demand does not warrant any 
increase in ATP, although for 
foe past three months it has 
been warning companies that 
no new ATP business can be 
accepted if it is likely to fall 
into the current year. 

It is a political decision 
whether ATP should work as a 
defensive or an aggressive 
measure, and it would be very 
political to decide to increase 
its budget. 

If it is to be defensive so that 
Britain cannot be accused of 
promoting the system, then 
companies should not initially 
put ATPon the table. And yet 
' <hat is increasingly what they 
say they must do to match - 
foreign offers, and this will 
increasingly mean that foe 
ODA is caught between two 

The Aid and Trade Provision: 
Origins. Dimensions and Pos- 
sible Reforms. By John Toye 
and Graham Clark, to be 
published in the coming issue 
of the Journal of foe Overseas 
Development Institute. 

Teresa Poole 

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the bond 

From Maxwell Newton 
New York 

As appears to be typical 
these days, the bond market 
shied away sharply on the 
news that the producer price 
index for September rose (L4 
per cent, principally because 
of a 3.7 per cent increase In 
energy costs. 

The rise in meep costs was 
a belated reaction in the 
producer price index to foe rise 
in the price of erode oil from 
about $11 a baml at the low in 
July to the current level of 
about $15 a barrel. During 
September, November erode 
futures rose briefly above $16 
bat since then there has been a 
reaction which at times in 
September carried the Novem- 
ber contract down $14. 

The reaction of the bond 
market on Friday was neg- 
ative, with foe cash 30-year 
bond falling 21 3 ; at the open- 
ing, to yield 7-66 per rant 
This reaction, like so many 
of the bond market reactions 
since April, demonstrated an 
underlying irrational fear of 
imminent accelerating in- 

The general commodity 
price indexes have stabilized 
since foe first week of Septem- 
ber, discounting earlier fears 
that the recovery in the 
Commodity Research Bureau 
index of futures prices from 
197 in early July to 212 in the 
first week of September repre- 
sented a sodden upsarge of 

Much of the rise was in any 
case doe to the boom In 
precious metals. 

Eventually, perhaps, foe 
logic of the price weakness In 
foe US will convince the mass 
of bond investors who are now 
all over to one side of the boat 
— the short side. 

There is an overwhelming 
sentiment among bond inves- 
tors in favour of staying 
shortThis is further exag- 
gerated by the big inflow of 
dollars from Japanese, Ger- 
man and Swiss action to 

inhib it any farther significant 
drop in the dollar against their 


Whatever they may say 
publidy, the central bankers 
of Japan, the US, Switzerland 
and Germany appear to have 
done "some sort of a deal 
indicating a willingness to tie 
their four currencies together 
Since the. first week, of 
August, the December yen has 
fluctuated narrowly in a range 
of 64— 65J> cents. 

The mark has been a little 
more unstable, but since foe 
beginning of September there 
appears to have been a strong 
tendency for foe central hank- 
ers concerned to hold the mark 

in a range of 49-50 cents. 

The Swiss franc has been 
kept within a narrow range 

appearato beSM»2 cents. 

The pound is not included. It 

has severe problems off keep- 
ing up with the yen, mark and 
Swiss franc. 

The attempt by the central 
bankers of Germany, Japan, 
Switzerland and the US to 
“narrow-band” their cur- 
rencies should initially at least 
be reassuring to the US bond 

But over time, if the “narrow 
bands” do not reflect the 
realities of foe trade and 
payments positions of the 
nations comxrned, the result 
will be substantia] swings in 
the movement of funds. 


Technical bounce or 
a sustained rally? 

The gilt-edged market con- 
tinues to be dominated by tne 
behaviour of sterling, it 
seems unlikely that there can 
be a rise in foe market before 
sterling stabilizes, but once 
this happens foe potential for 
a sharp recovery is already m 

ITbe fell in ofl pnees was 
the i mme diate reason for the 
weakness of sterling in Janu- 
ary. But sterling fell by only 5 

per cent, and by the end of 
February had recovered haft 
its loss. It was soon realized 
that lower oil prices were 

good for bond markets world- 
wide. Yields fell in response 
to lower inflationary exp- 

The background to foe 
current sterling crisis is oii- 
ferenL Oil prices have re- 
bounded by 50 percent in the 
past three months — an 
important reason why the 
retail price index for Septem- 
ber (to be released on Fnday) 
will show the first rise for la 

months. _ „ . 

Even more important, ine 
overall fell in oil prices since 
the start of foe year has 
reduced the visible balance 01 
payments surplus on oil by 
more than £4 billion this year 
and. on current prices, by up 
to £5 billion next year. The 
current account as a whole is 
already in deficit, even if the 
August figures exaggerated 
the deterioration. 

It is, therefore, not surpris- 
ing that in his speech at foe 
International Monetary Fund 
foe Chancellor expressed foe 
view that “a lower real ex- 
change rate would be part of 
the mechanism that would 
lead to the necessary im- 
provement in the non-oil 

Sterling has already fallen 
on average by 15 percent this 
year and by more than 20 per 
cent against non-dollar cur- 
rencies. The exchange rate 
must be approaching the 
level at which the growth in 
foe volume of non-oil exports 
and erf 1 import substitution 
will be sufficient to bring the 
current account at least bade 
into balance by foe end of 
■ next year. 

The current account how- 
ever, is not the only part of 
foe balance of payments. The 
capital account has been in 
deficit since the abolition of 
exchange controls in 1979. 
and the most marked det- 
erioration has been in foe 
large portfolio outflow, which 
has averaged no less than £4 
billion a year. 

Perhaps the key question 
for gilts is whether foe 
combination of foe large fell 
in sterling and appreciable 
rise ia British yields is suf- 

Yieid and interest Rate Differentials 

10 year Bonds 


UK-Japan - 


3 month Interest Rates 




firient to reverse foe capital 
outflow and to attract foreign 
capital to Britain. . 

The present crisis is the 
result of a combination or 
factors. Firstly, in addition to 
fluctuations in foe oil price, 
there are political fears asso- 
ciated with a change in 
government which would 
have a starkly different eco- 
nomic and public expen- 
diture policy. 

Secondly, there is a grow- 
ing realization that there will 
be no further fell in British 
inflation; there will instead be 
a rise. Although foe Septem- 
ber money supply data was 
much better than foe mar- 
ket’s original expectations, 
sterling M3 is still growing by 
more than 18 per cent on an 
annual basis. Further, Mo, 
foe Government’s preferred 
indicator, is now growing in 
the upper half of its target 

Finally, today’s producer 
input price figures for Sep- 
tember are likely to show the 
run of negative monthly 
changes has ended, while 
Friday’s retail price index 
may be up £ per cent 
On the political front, the 
party conference season has 
done no harm to the Govern- 
ment. But, on fundamentals, 
sterling is no longer over- 
valued. Also, British yields 
have now become attractive. 

Ofi a short-term interest 
rate comparison, British rates 
are higher than those abroad 
by more than their average of 
foe second half of foe 1970s. 

One implication of foe 
exceptionally big portfolio 
outflow in the first half of this 
year, however, is that in the 
short term an end to the 
outflow because of higher 
financial returns in Bn lain 
would have a large impact. 

Indeed, the 2 per cent 
relative-rise in British bond 
yields since April strongly 
. increases foe gilt-edged mar- 
ket's attractiveness inter- 
nationally. It suggests that 
once sterling is seen to have 
begun to recover, foe gilt- 
edged market will rally. 

The core of the problem is 
whether sterling can be sta- 
bilizcd, even temporarily. 




ABN 10.00% 

Adam & Company 101)0% 

BCd— 10.00% 

Citibank Sawngsf 1035% 

Consolidated uds 10.00% 

< Co-operative Bank 10.00% 

C. Hoare & Co 10.00% 

Hong Kong & Shanghai 10.00% 

i Lloyds Bank — ,1030% 

Nat Westminster 1030% 

Royal Bank of Scofantf—1030% 

TS8 ; 1030% 

mark NA 1030% 

! t Mort gage Base Rue. 

Ad west Group 

Further progress 


1982-1986 £ 000 










an ini 



Mr. F. 1 


f (fl 14 Sanriinrv 

Mr. KV Waller, 

£6,839 Chairman of Adwesi Group, 

I mg/ngm reporta on a year of 
pills further progress. 

Despite difficult trading 
£5 967 conditions within part of the 
1 Automotive Division, the Group’s 

turnover was 21% up, profits 
I increased by 16% and the 
I proposed total dividend for the 
year of &53p per share represents 
I an increase of 10 %. 

During die year the acquisition or three Defence 
companies was completed, farther reducing . 
the company^ dependence on ihe automotive 

Tumnverand profit from property developments 
have again increased during I98ti and it is 
expected that tills improvement will continue in 
the current year 

The Future. The Board looks to the future with 
confidence. Income Tram projienies will increase 
and the benefits from current developments will 
enhance the profits of future years. 

The policy of seeking acquisitlons.which meet 
the company's investment criteria will also 

Copies qfthe A nmaUteport.cmitaln my the 
Ota immu's Statement in full, ate nrailablejrom: 
The Secretary. Atltrcsl Group pJ.c» 

Rendinn RG5 QSX. 

| Ad west Croup | 



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PHONE AFCOR: 01-377 5511 

MON TO FR1.S >0 AM -5.00 PM 

iooi *ioox . .*iO(Ofl- 

fflO * )l 
did n< 


44 0.7 4.0 

&5 ** 5.1 

to 4.7 M 

4.4 2.0 4.4 

3J3 1.5 4.8 

Z 53 4.6 8.1 

4 0 5.0 5.9 

Z 37 *8 49 

without a clear signal There 
are three obvious ones - a 
rise in banks' base rales, entry 
into the European Monetary 
Svstem and a positive out- 
come at the Geneva meeting 
of the Organization of Petro- 
leum Exporting Countries. 

It is dear that once sterling 
stabilizes, foe gilt-edged mar- 
ket will rally. But whether it is 
just a minor rally or some- 
thing more substantial de- 
pends on which international 
event or domestic policy 
initiative arrests sterling's 

The market has already 
adjusted to 11 per cent base 
rates. However, if they rise to 
12 per cent or even higher, 
bringing the hope of a sub- 
sequent cut, the prospective 
market rally coukl be really 

An Opec accord leading to 
further rises in oil prices or a 
final Yi per cent point reduc- 
tion in the discount rate in 
Ore US, and possibly other 
countries, could stabilize 
sterling- . . 

But neither on its own 
would necessarily lead to a 
sufficient rebound in sterling 
to provide foe base for a big 
gilt-edged market rally. 

Sterling’s entry into foe 
EMS is becoming a distinct 
possibility, especially as it is 
is now down to a realistic rate 

against foe mark. It is a viable 

alternative policy option to a 
rise in banks’ base rates. 

Indeed, if Britain enters the 
EMS, the next move in base 
rates would be down rather 
than up. providing foe classic 
background for a major rally 
in foe gift-edged market. 

Once in foe EMS, sterling 
could become accident prone 
again ahead of the General ' 
Ejection as the initial eu- 
phoria evaporates. But at 
least at that time base rates 
and gilt-edged yields would 
be significantly lower. 

Robert Thomas and 
Kevin Boakes 

Robert Thomas is director of 
sterling bond research and 
Kevin Boakes is senior econo- 
mist at the stockbroker 
Greenweii Montagu. 

lie Goon 
towing u 

, . 1 ■ 'f ■■ 

, - * I-.- • , 

IV v _ > 

* j . •* ■ 

i .. t 1 


. •* i .. . 

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Financial Services Bill 

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Too burdensome, too costly 
and not fit for the purpose 

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Big Bang approaches and so 
do The next stages in the 

Financial Sendees BiU 
widely seen as provid % ai 
™«saiy legisfiiive &r£ 
wmk within which theCto 
win operate in the new era Sf 

Elation. ******* 

The object of “investor 
protection” is one so self- 
evidently desirable that any- 
one. particularly in the City 
daring to criticize steps beine 

25? l f ° S$ ieve ™ happy 

state of affaire risks possible 
imputations about his mot- 
,v ^®* h is therefore worth 
recording that some form of 
regulation is not only in- 
evitable but also probably des- 

What is debatable is 
whether the legislation pro- 
posed, together with the 
Securities and Investments 
Board’s detailed rules, which 
will themselves have quasi- 
statutory authority if and 
when they are approved by Mr 
Paul Channon, Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry, 
will in fan be “fit and proper”, 
(the SIB’s words) for the 
purpose for which they are 

Some suggestions, for in- 
stance, the Board's proposals 
abandoning the idea of mak- 
ing all unit trust sales subject 
to a cancellation period, are 
impeccable. Others, like the 
Bill's provisions relating to 
cold calling (the practice of 
seeking to enter into invest- 
ment agreements following 
unsolicited calls), when read 
together with the SIB'S pro- 
posals, are either unworkable 
or unacceptable. Some de- 
tailed rules have not yet been 
published while others are still 
open for comment And some 
parts of the legislation are. or 
were when it was dealt with in 
committee in the Lords, 

Baroness Seear, having 
pointed out that no one in the 
House, “least of all the Gov- 
ernment Benches”, seemed to 
understand the BiU, then 
asked what prospects there 
were of its being understood 
by the public. Lady Seear was 
being neither unfair to the 
Government nor unduly pess- 
imistic about their Lordships’ 
powers of comprehension. 
The House was being asked to 
deal with more than .400 
amendments to what was then 
a Bill with 177 clauses. For 
their part, the Government 
spokesmen conceded there 
would have to be Amber . 
detailed discussions on vari- 
ous parts of the BiU and 
further amendments before it 
reappeared in the Lords for 
the Report stage. 

Baroness Seear: No one understands BUI Sir Kenneth BerrflkCost will be high. 

It has been suggested that if 
those who are to be regulated 
are squeaking loudly, that 
must mean that both the DTI 
and SIB are proceeding along 
the right lines. This argument 
is difficult to sustain when the 
“squeaks” are to the effect that 
the legislation and rules can- 
not be understood, are un- 
workable, or only workable on 
the basis that the investor will 
end up paying more. 

What is profoundly worry- 
ing is that the objections are 
still being made when the Bill 
has reached the stage that it 
has, with Royal Assent ex- 
pected before the end of the 
session. Some 3S0 additional 
amendments, which their' 
Lordships will also have to 
consider this week, have not 
simplified the situation. 

The regulators are trying to 
achieve too much in too short 
a time. Having stated at the 
outset that the objective was 
control of the financial ser- 
vices industry by self- or 
practitioner-based regula- 
tions. the SIB has drafted and 
is continuing to draft, detailed 
regulations apparently aimed 
at forestalling or dealing with 
any situation which could 
conceivably arise. These reg- 
ulations will have to be re- 
flected in “equivalent” rules 
concocted by the so-called 
self-regulatory organizations 

While the SROs wiD admit- 
tedly be policing their own 



while possibly more 
cooned, will probably 
worse off. 

Tbe justification for seeking 
to impose rules of such 
complexity on the industry is 

• Because it does have such 
wide responsibilities under 
the BilL, tbe “delegated 
authority” (the SIB) would be 
foiling in its duties if it did not 
proceed on a “what if* basis, 
covering any possible problem 
that might arise, conceding 
that some of its solutions 

If passed in its current form, 
the Bill will enable Mr 
Channon to delegate many of 
his powers to the SIB. He will 
be able to do this only if he is 
satisfied with the Board's draft 
rules. The problem at the 
moment is that the Bill is itself 
in a confused and misleading 
state and the rules are open to 
serious criticism. In being 
asked to pass the BiU in its 
present form, in the light of 
tbe rules which have so for 
appeared from the SIB, Par- 

__ liament is being asked to make 

would be irrelevant and in- an act of faith which is simply 
appropriate to some parts of not justified by the cir- 

the industry but retaining 
them to deal with other parts; 

• As it wiD be possible to be 
authorized directly by the SIB 
as an alternative to joining an 

‘No apology for 
the likely cost for 
the industry’ 

SRO. the SIB has to have 
appropriate rules “in place” to 
cover applications from any 
individual or type of business. 

Neither of these points jus-, 
tifies imposing general, com- 
plex rules on the industry as a 
whole. As the SIB implicitly 
recognized by publishing par- 
ticular proposals for conglom- 
erates and life assurance and 

unit trust intermediaries, it is 

thereby justifying possible to apply specific rotes . ^ct .of business ‘ roteT Such 


White there may never be a 
“right time” to pass unpopu- 
lar legislation, this cannot be 
an argument for agreeing to 
legislation which would have 
fundamentally undesirable ef- 
fects. There is a strong case for 
a further pause for thought. 

There are, as it happens, 
other reasons for delaying this 
legislation. As Mr Robin 
Leigb-Pemberton. the Gov- 
ernor of the Bank of England, 
recently emphasized, there is 
bound to be an increasing 
need for international co- 
ordination between national 
.regulatory bodies. This may 
be easier to achieve in some 
areas than in others: an inter- 
national agreement on capital 
adequacy requirements, for 
instance, would probably be 
easier to arrive at than an 
agreement dealing with con- 

the claim of. being self-regu- 
latory, they will he doing so in 
accordance with rules im- 
posed from outside, and many 
of these mil be inappropriate 
and unnecessary. In some 
respects they will be so 
demanding as to be oppressive 
and, in tbe end, counter- 
productive: the investor. 

to specific sectors of the 

The regulators have, how- 
ever. already travelled a long 
way down tbe “general” as 
opposed to the specific path. 
Any fundamental change of 
approach would involve 
months of work. What chance 
is there of this happening? 

desirable International co-op- 
eration would be more likely if 
the parties were able to enter 
into discusions without being 
irrevocably committed to 
their own detailed rules. It 
would surely make sense to 
“tiy out” in detail some of the 
British ideas on foreign gov- 
ernments rather than present 

The Geordie brainchild that is 
growing up to be a retail giant 


The Secretary of State for 
the Environment, Mr Nicho- 
las Ridley, today officially 
opens Newcastle's Metro 
Centre, which is being her- 
alded as the most exciting 
shopping development since 
Brent Cross. 

When finished!! will he the 
largest retail and leisure com- 
plex in Europe and it -will rate 
among the top 10 in the world. 

It beasts a shopping mall 
half a mile long strrtcbing 
from Marks and Spencer at 
one end to Garrefoor at the 
other. There are 210 retail 
units in phases one and two, 
now being opened, and there 
will be a farther 90 in phase 
three, opening next October. 

Phase three will include 
cinemas and a fantasy land 
based on computers. Phase 
four, scheduled for 1989. will 
add hotels, an artificial lake 
for water sports and a DIY 
shopping complex. 

The £200 million centre was 
the brainchild of Mr John 
Hall, an exuberant Geordie 
builder who proudly boasts 
that tbe complex has been 
designed by people in foe 
north-east for people in foe 

Based on 100 acres offend 
formerly owned by British 
Coal on the south of the Tyne, 
the centre is situated un- 
promisingly between slag 
heaps and a power station. 

Mr Hall fed an uphill task 
finding backers _ for_ his 
scheme; bat the d esignation of 

Finding backers for 
the scheme 
was an uphill task 

the area as an enterprise zone 
eventually persuaded devel- 
opers. The Church Comnus- 
skmers have fonded the 
complex and are in 50/50 
partnership with Mr Halls 
family ■ company, Camertn 
Hall Developments. 

On the retail front Mr 
Hall's big break came whan 
Marks and Spencer said d 
j would boBd its first OEt-o* - 
town superstore at foe Metro 
! Centre. It was a revwtionaiy 

departure lor MAS. The store 

is also revolutionary — 
94,000. square feet it is M&S s 
‘ gest. It is built on. ouejevel 

I has an option on * farther 

50,006 square fret 

‘ V 

Food first an artist's impression of Marks and Spencer’s new Garden Restaurant 

New features include The 
Garden Restaurant with seat- 
ing for 236, an energy conserv- 
ing revolving door, an atmos- 
phere-controlled conservatory 
with setf*wateriBg for the 
plants, a huge furniture 
department the biggest ever 
food hail at 19,000 square feet 

new product ranges and new 

All the Mg retail names are 
there, encouraged in by M&S. 
Sears has experimented with a 
new Sears complex, which 
bouses a selection of its mul- 
tiples including Miss Self- 
ridge, Wallis, Olympus Sport 
and shoe shops such as 
Saxone and UUcyd Skinner. 

When completed there will - 
be 2 million square feet of 
shopping space - twice w 
much as Brent Cross and half 
as much again as MUtou 
Keynes. Car parking spaces 
w31 be provided for 9,50 ? cars 

y nnA Iml lie t w iiAe 

will be created. 

Retaflers-aro confident that 
there will be enough trade to 
sustain sales, despite the 
blight of 20 per cent regional 
unemployment. They i® not 
have to pay rates midi 1991, 
but Mr Hall insists this is not 
the draw and retailers are 
felling over themselves to 
acquire space. 

The catchment area within 
half an hour V drive of New- 

castle nets 23 million people. 
There is a flourishing Mack 
economy in Newcastle and 
boatloads of Scandinavians 
travel over to shop. 

Marks and Spencer now has 
three stores in Newcastle — 
the Metro Centre store, a 
traditional high street store in 
the town centre and the 
Grainger market store, the 
smallest M&S still trading 
and a faithful preservation of 
the original share founded in 

Initial scepticism 
has given way 
to enthusiasm 

Mr Hall -has spared no 
effort in going for quality. 
Even foe fire exits are de- 
signed as picture stories of 
retail developments of 

The emphasis on the family 
is strong — £400,000 has been 
spent on Christmas decora- 
tions and Santa's grotto win 
cover an astonishing 7,000 
square feet. A children’s vil- 
lage has a shop setting lemon- 
ade and sweets to easterners 
who sit in gfent teacups. 

This emphasis takes note of 
the modern-style family. 
Nappy changing facilities are 
provided in both men's and foe 
women's lavatories. 

Local arts and crafts have 
also been encouraged. 

Tbe -first six shops opened 
on April 29 and are serving 
about 100,000 customers a 
week. The next wave of open- 
ing should pash the number of 
customers up to 300,000 to 
' 400,000 a week, or 15 million 
to 16 motion a year. 

Initial scepticism has given 
way to entimsfesm. Mr Hall 

Says that hanks are pleading 
to lend money for phase four, 
which should create another 
2,000 jobs. The speed with 
which phases one mid two 
went up must have impressed. 
Rush & Tompkins, foe lead 
builder on the site, has created 
the Metro Centre out of 
nothing in 20 months. 

Cameron Hall Develop- 
ments win not stop at foe 
Metro Centre. Similar 

such a grandiose scale, are 
planned for Mfddlesborongb 
in Cleveland, Exeter hi Devon 
and for tbe Midlands. 

Mr Hall's partnership with 
the Church Commissfonezs 
will end in five years* time, 
when the Commissioners buy 

If foe signs are right and Mr 
Hall's foith is rewarded, be 
will be an extremely wealthy 



them .with a fait accompli and 
asking them to fell into line. 

If the BUI does receive 
Royal Assent this session, its 
provisions and those con- 
tained in tbe SIB rules can 
hardly “bite” before next June 
at tbe earliest. It is difficult to 
see the argument for pressing 
through the legislation in its 
present state, unless it is to 
enable its Supporters to say in 
tbe event of some financial 
scandal that “ . .at least we 
have pasted the Financial 
Services Bill”. 

Whether the Bill's pro- 
visions would prevent scan- 
dals of the type most likely to 
occur is in feet debatal 
What is certain, is that if it had 
been law, it would not have 
prevented what happened at 
Lloyd's, which is exempt from 
the Bill. It is also hardly likely 
that any of its 200 clauses or 
any of the Board's regulations 
would have done anything to 
forestall the events at Johnson 

Regulations in this area 
may be desirable; it is however 
vital that they shquld indeed 
be “fit for the purpose” for 
which they are intended if the 
investor is to receive any 
benefit from the increased 
costs that he will inevitably 
have to pay. As foe chairman 
of the Securities and Invest- 
ments Board has said: “ . .1 
make no apology for the likely 
overall regulatory cost for the 
industry. - .” 

Sir Kenneth Berrill put the 
likely annual cost of the SIB at 
£6 million, after start-up costs 
of £7 million. There will also 
be the costs of the individual 
SROs and an unquan tillable 
figure of costs incurred by foe 
City in conforming with foe 
new regulations. The case for 
investor protection may be a 
strong one; so is that for 
ensuring that the new regula- 
tions do protect foe investor 
and give value for money. 

It has been said that so 
much work on foe Bill and tbe 
draft regulations has already 
been dose and so many 
expectations raised that it 
would be undesirable, indeed 
impossible, to interrupt tbe 
process at this stage, similar 
objections were raised by the 
Goman generals at the start of 
the First Worid War when, as 
Ms ■armies marched Into Bel- 
gium. the .Kaiser suggested 
that they should either stop or 
alternatively turn round and 
attack Russia. 

Edward Adeane 

The author is a director of 
Hambros Bank, in charge of 
Compliance for Hambros Pic. 


Sterling points to the 
Chancellor’s dilemma 

Foreign exchange dealers operate by 
reacting to events. So do the analysts 
and dealers in bonds and the burgeon- 
ing variety of allied financial in- 
struments whose relative values 
depend on currency movements. It is 
no good expecting them to react 
phlegmatically either. Their jobs de- 
pend on generating business and that 
depends on keeping prices moving. 

Every economic statistic or policy 
pronouncement that flash es up on the 
information screens must be instantly, 
interpreted as a signal to buy or sell. 
And, since financial dealers are as 
intellectually lazy as most of us, their 
natural inclination is to judge these 
electronic news flashes as confirming 
existing trends and perceptions unless 
they clearly mark a break. 

This is not what tbe textbooks tell 
us about the beneficial effects of 
speculation. But the textbooks were 
written before judgement gave way to 
information codified into an instant 
never-ending stream of forecasts and 
statistics; before dealing profits be- 
came the stuff of corporate budgets 
and arbiter of corporate careers. . 

In this market for gambling in 
economies, the punter who follows 
the trend and adjusts his position 
minute by minute is more likely to 
make steady profits than the book- 
maker. Big risks are left to central 

Only in such an atmosphere could a 
thinking professional contend, as one 
did last week, that the price of sterling 
might not reach a natural, floor by 
itself in the markets. This is not 
fanciful The relentless rise of the 
dollar pursued these forces beyond 
economic realities. And that market 
process has destabilized world trade 
and payments on the grandest scale. 

The dealers now appear to need a 
rise in British interest rates — or a sur- 
prise fixing of sterling within the 
European Monetary System — to get 
them off the ftdok of selling the 

The Bank of England, faithfully 
following Treasury orders to dampen 
or avoid a rise in base rates, knows 
this welL It has engaged in a messy 
combination of intervention, delay 
and stoic refusal to accept market rate 
rises in a game attempt to confuse, 
and thus defuse, the situation. 

Sterling has staggered from one 
“event” to the next. But the dealers 
are still hooked. Unless the Treasury 
capitulates, the saga will continue this 
week. There are plenty of mid-month 
statistics to chew on: producer prices, 
industrial production, average earn- 
ings, the public - sector borrowing 
requirement and the retail price index. 
Thanks in part to tbe ups and downs 
of oil prices, none are likely to deliver 
much good news about the British 
economy. Weekend speculation that 
the Bundesbank was bargaining 

continued support against EMS link- 
age may add to the pressure. 

The big event, however, is the 
Chancellor's Mansion House speech 
on Thursday, traditionally a guide a 
financial policy. If the dealers get their 
higher interest rates, they will not 
mind much what he says. But Nigel 
Lawson has an important dilemma to 

His increasingly formal reliance on 
the exchange rate as the indicator of 
financial conditions has run up 
against the delayed but necessary 
adjustment of sterling to the halving 
of oil prices. The pound thereby lost 
value just as the 1979 oil price rise 
made it worth more. Adjustment is 
hard to manage when permitting a fall 
is seen as financial laxity. 

The correct response is to under- 
adjust the currency and take some of 
the strain in the rest of the economy — 
a practice incidentally built into the 
consensus realignment of currencies 
within the EMS. Domestic policy 
should never reinforce currency 
swings. Thai happened in 1979-81 
because the onslaught on inflation 
took precedence. There is no good 
reason for that to be repeated in 1986. 
But that is what is happening. 

The monetary indicators, if they 
mean anything, point to laxity; so 
does the boom in consumer debt, the 
deteriorating non-oil trade balance 
and the growth in average earnings. 
The prediction in L Messel's new 
monetary model that retail price 
inflation could reach 10 per cent by 
1989 looks extreme, but there is 
nothing in present policy to suggest 
inflation moving towards zero. 

The exchange rale confirms the 
trend. Sterling has moved beyond 
adjustment, not least in terms of the 
offset between lower oil prices and 
higher general import prices. It is 
being devalued in an inflationary way. 

A lower exchange rate to allow 
exports or lower imports to replace oil 
is one thing. Permissive devaluation 
to underwrite rising costs and faltering 
productivity is another. That is self- 
defeating for- an economy that must 
rely ever more on investment, ef- 
ficiency and product development to 
keep healthy. 

Mr Lawson should make this clear 
in word and deed. A stronger commit- 
ment to align sterling within the EMS - 
would help (though independent tar- 
get-zones would simply play into the 
^dealers’ hands). More vital is evidence 
of. strength of purpose tb pull in the 
reins at home whether through direct 
action to curb credit, tighter control of 
rising public sector wage settlements 
or higher interest rates. 

Graham Searjeant 

Financial Editor 



lb the ordinary shareholders of 
The Morgan Crucible Company pic 


o Bell’s tender implies it expects 
Morgan Crucible’s share price to rise 
well above 320p 

e The Bell tender may be intended as a 
prelude to a full offer at a higher price 

e The maximum price of 320p is no higher 
than the level at which your shares stood a 
mere four months ago 

o Since 1982 Morgan Crucible has 
achieved an average growth in earnings 
per share of 73.0% per annum 

• Morgan Crucible is a world leader in 
the supply of specialist products to 
technologically advanced industries 

• The Board of Morgan Crucible has 
re-affirmed that 1986 will be another 
successful year 










Architects map out growth 
through interior design 

Green grows me property 
services sector. The rounding 
companies in this area of the 
market arrived in April with 
the debut of DY Dans, the 
first architectural practice, 
and Ernest Green, the first 
structural engineering 

DY Davis shot off immedi- 
ately to a 60p premium where 
it has since stabilized, while 
Ernest Green started more 
quietly, trading around tbe 
120p issue price, but since its 
maiden figures last month has 
pushed ahead to I40p. 

Two new issues this week 
confirm tbe growing weight of 
this sector. Baker Harris 
Saunders, the specialist 
commercial estate agency, is 
offered for sale while Whinney 
Mackay-Lewis has been 
placed by De Zoete & Bevan 
with dealings on the USM 
starting this week. 

Whinney Mackay-Lewis is a 
J 00-year-old architectural 
practice based in the Gty 
which in recent years has 
concentrated heavily in the 
financial services sector and 
has been involved in many 
prestigious architectural 

Its record over the past five 
years has been patchy, reflect- 
ing a partnership and its fiscal 
structure over this period. But 

increasingly shorter life span 
as occupiers demand ever 
higher levels of specification 
and technological develop- 
ments require constant 
modifications to building de- 
sign. It is estimated that no 
less than two-thirds of tbe City 

of London will be redevel 
in the next 25 years. 

Whinney Mackay-Lewis in- 
tends to develop rapidly its 
interior design skills which 
its work during these years has currently only form a small 
included the development of proportion of its turnover, to 
many notable buildings in the cover hotels, restaurants. 

Cny, including those for 
Credit Lyonnais, Banquc 
Paribas, and Li fie. 

The Big Bang has sparked 
off a new phase of building 
development in the City as the 
new financial conglomerates 
have led the demand for new 
dealing rooms. 

Office buildings have an 

shops, and public sector build- 
ings as a complement to its 
architectural practice. The 
company is firmly committed 
to growth through organic 
expansion, believing that 
mergers through acquisitions 
are too difficult to achieve 
satisfactorily in “people 
businesses" that depend more 

on people than on assets. 

DY Davis is also keen to 
expand into the interior de- 
sign area, but is looking to do 
so through the acquisition 
route. Against the risks of 
architectural design (the costs 
of professional indemnity are 
rising steeply), interior design 
is low risk and cash-positive. 
But it is worth noting that 
Fitch & Co, the leaders in the 
quoted sector in retail design, 
has recently bad to make 

Tbe number of companies 
in this mini-sector is likely to 
be swelled by farther flota- 
tions over the coming months, 
given tbe favourable reception 
accorded to the newcomers so 

Isabel Unsworth 

The author is a member of the 
smaller companies mil at 
Phillips & Drew. 


TEL: (0926) 27920. 

Assets exceed £640 ndllloa. Member of the Bunding 
Societies Association and Investors' Protection Scheme. 
Authorised for Investment by ‘fl-uswes. 

13TH OCTOBER 1386. 


Tbe Sank of England announces (fta< Her Majesty's Treasury has created oa (Otfa 
October 1986. and has issued to tbe Bank, additional amounts as indicated tf 
each of the Stocks listed below; 

13 per cent TREASURY STOCK. 1996 
] Ij per test TREASURY STOCK, 1991 
123 per cent TREASURY LOAN, 1992 
IS per cent TREASURY STOCK. 1992 

12 per cent TREASURY STOCK, 199S 
Kti per cent EXCHEQUER STOCK, 1995. 

9J per cent TREASURY LOAN, 1999 

103 per cent CONVERSION STOCK. 1999 

13 per cent TREASURY STOCK. 2SW 
10 per cent TREASURY STOCK. 20S1 
93 per cent CONVERSION STOCK, 2001 

12 per cent EXCHEQUER STOCK. 1999-2002 
93 per cent TREASURY STOCK, 2002 
9i per cent CONVERSION STOCK, 2005 
1 13 per cent TREASURY STOCK, 2003-2007 

£50 riffleii 
£50 mOtion 
£50 mQKMi 
£50 million 
£50 million 
£50 million 

The price paid by the Bank on issue was in each case the in ukOe market dosing 
price of die relevant Stock on 1 0th October 1986 as certified by tbe Government 

In each case, the amount issued on lOih October 1 986 represents a further tranche 
ofthc relevant Stock, rankingin all respects juri passu with that Stock and subject 
to the terms and conditions applicable to that Stock, and subject also to the 
provision contained in the final paragraph oT this notice; the oiirent provisions 
for Capital Gains Tax are described below. 

Copies of the prospectuses for these Stocks may be obtained at the Bank of 
England, New Issues. Willing Street, London, EC4M 9AA. 

Application has been made to theCouncilofThe Stock Exchange (breach farther 
tranche of stock to be admitted to the Official List. 

The fun her tranches of9j percent Treasury Convertible Stock. 1989 and 9J per 
ecu Conversion Stock. 2005 have been issued on an ex-dividend basis and will 
not rank for the interest payments doe on 18th October (986 on the existing 
Stacks. The remaining Stocks will tank fora full six months’ interest on the next 
interest payment date applies Me to the relevant Stock. 

Each of the Stocks referred to in this notice is specified under paragraph l of 
Schedule 2 to the Capital Gains Tax Act 1979 as a gilt-edged security (under 
current legislation exempt from tax on capital gains, irrespective ofthc period 
for which the Stock is held). 

G&tmmm statement 

Attention is drawn to ihe statement issued by Her Majesty's Treasury on 29th 
May 1985 which explained thau in the interest of the orderly conduct of Gsal 
policy, neither Her Majesty's Government nor (he Bank of England or therr 
respective servants or agents undertake to disclose tax changes decided on bat 
not yet announced, even where they may specifically affect the terms on which, 
or the conditions under which, these further tranches of slack are issued or sold 
by or on behalf of the Government or the Bank; that no responsibility can 
therefore be accepted Tor any omission to make such disclosure: and that such 
omission shall neither render any transaction liable to 1 m set aside nor giro rise 
to any claim for compensation. 


10th October 1986 

Not enough women on 
boards, says institute 

By Teresa Poole 

The lack of a significant 
female presence in the board- 
rooms of British industry is 
condemned as a ‘‘shocking 
waste of talent” by the In- 
stitute of Directors today. 

There are only eight women 
on the boards of Britain's top 
100 companies, says the IOD, 
and government figures show 
a 3 per cenr drop over the Iasi 
decade of women in man- 
agerial positions from 9.7 per 
cent in (975 to 6JZ percent in 

There are also few women 
in senior public appoint- 
ments: not one of the national- 
ized industries is chaired by a 

The number of women 

members in tbe IOD has 
jumped by half over tbe past 
two years but still accounts for 
only 4 per cent of its British 
members. So, in an effort to 
help more women reach the 
top levels of management, the 
IOD is running a conference 
later this month on “Women 
on the Board”. 

The IOD held its first big 
debate for women executives a 
year ago to highlight some of 
the more general barriers to 
women's progress. 

Hie organization wants to 
provide support for women 
executives and promote the 
cause of female directors . 
among its own, mostly male, 




N York 1.4240-1.4350 
Montreal 1 £750-11898 

Airs’ dairO.1 9794L2SG5 

Brussats 58.89-59 SO 
CphOVt 10-7398-10.7960 
Dub* 1.0438-1.0537 
FranW ixtZ-6367 -23640 

Lisbon 20730-20930 

Madrid 1B8J2-1 89.65 

Mian 196430-1984.60 
Osto 104670-104996 
Paris 9.2905-9 3835 
Sn<h!m 9.7890-9321 0 
Tokyo 220.12-22130 
Vienna 20.00-2030 
Zurich 23105-23250 


















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2-1 54 pram 
414-4 Vi prem 
200-61 Otis 
554-4 54 pram 
344-354 pram 
454-354 pram 



Argentine auatrar 
AustraSa doiar _ 

Bahrain (finar 

Srazfi cruzado 
Cyprus pound 
Foitand maria 
Greece drachma 
Hong Kong <Mv 
India rupee 
Iraq dinar _ 
Kuwait Anar KO 
MMaystadder _ 
Mexico peso — 
New Zealand dost 
SauS Arabia riyal 
Singapore dollar . 
South Africa rand 













•qgpled by Barclays Bank HOFEX and ExtaL 


Clearing Banks 10 
Finance Haute 10 

Discount Merit 1 an % 

' 10 Low 8 

Staffing CDs 

1 moth 10 * 14-1 CPie 3mnti Wia-IQ** 
6mnth lO'«ia-«» 12rrrth 10"i*-10X 

Smnffl 5.75-5.70 
12mth 5353.80 


6mnth 5.755.70 


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IS 10 imSi 954 

Smith 10 Smnfii 9H 

Prime Bank Bits {Discount %) 

Inrnth 10X-9K 2mnth <0*-._ 

3rmsh 10X-10 6 mirth lOft-IOft 

TMe BOs (Discaunt %) 
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3mah 1094 6 north 11 


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3 north 10 M w-10 ,, w12mth 10 'Jw- 10 "m 
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8 north 10 * 

Local Authority 
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3 north 11-1091 

9 north 11- JO* 


7 days 5*5».a 
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7 days 4 7 iw4*is 
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7 days 8-7K 
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6 north 454-454 

3 north 1054 
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GokkS431 35-43230 



★ An exoeBent location for 
London, whole of UKand Europe 
via motorways (M2. M20, M25), 
rai, focal ato international air 
and sea ports with Channel 
Hmnel facSties from the 
nrtd199iTs. ' 

★ A proposed third river Medway 

★ Lriwer rates, higha- investment 
potential attractive land and 
property prkxsand rentals 

■k An existing thriving business 
commu ni ty withayoung, sidled 
arvi keen workforce and 

exodent labour relations 

throughout the area 

★ An historic setting, beautiful 
cuuntrysde, extensive leisure 
and many others. 


Enterprise Zone benefits available now on five prime sites including nfl rates until 
November 1993 and 100% tax allowances on Capital devetopmentsand a proposed 
Enterprise Zoneon 60 aoes oflhe old Naval Dockyard designated for summer 1986. 

the place to live and wort 

Contact us now for mow deters and join k) our suoessstoty 

ROCHESTER, KENT ME2 4AW THffHOrffi: MEDWtif (0634) 732716. 

S 4930-43230 (£29935301 30) 
SI 01 30-1 0230 (£7030-71 3S) 

SS8030 (£40530) 


No bOs «rere sBoited at Friday's Treasury 
?»- wn ‘j ar - k was the second consecutive 

Friday that no WJs were aXonad. 


Fixed Rate Sterling Export Finance 
Scheme IV Average reference rata tor 
jntow* penod Sepcemher 3. 1986 to 

October 7. I9f — 


1968 Inclusive; 10355 per 



Babcock International: Mr 
Brian J Knightley is ap- 
pointed assistant managing 
director. Mr Christopher S 
Taylor becomes group finance 

Tisbman Overseas Partners 
(UK): Mr Julian Edwards is 
made a director, and senior 
vice-president of Tishman 
Overseas Partners. 

Chemical Bank: Mr John 
Htmiand-Jackson joins as 
managing director of Chemi- 
cal Bank International, and 
Mr Cyras Ardalan becomes 
managing director and head of 
of new product development 
worldwide of the Investment 
Banking Division. 

WjggJns Teape Group: Mr 
Gordon Bond is elected to the 
board as deputy chief exec- 
utive of Carbonless Papers 
Operations. Mr Tony Swain- 
snm joins ihe board as chief 
executive of the British and 
Overseas Merchanting Opera- 
tions in January. 

Rockware Group; Mr 
Henry Poole and Mr Peter 
Coward join the board. 

on drinks 

By Derek Harris 
Industrial Editor 
Customs and Excise is 
considering realigning tax- 
ation on alcohol after three 
months of talks with the 
drinks trade. Some changes 
seem likely and coaid be 
announced in tbe next Budget. 

The Wine and Spirit 
Association has made a strong 
bid to retain the status qno. lt 
Hants to save manufacturers of 
blended wines, such as British 
sharks, from a taxation upset 
which could mean higher 
prices or squeezed profits. 

Wines made fa Britain from 
imported materials account for 
about 10 per cent tf an British 
wine sales. 

Tbe issue is whether such 
drinks can still be blended 
from already separately-taxed 
ingredients, which carry dif- 
ferent levels of taxation be- 
cause of their varying 
s trengths . 

- If a duty were to be imposed 
on the Maided end-products, 
some would lose a priding 
advantage, leaving makers 
with tire option of r. 
prices or accepting lower 

being considered by Customs. 
WhSe it believes the present 
doty structure works ‘reason- 
ably wefr,” it is anxious to 
tackle some problem areas. 

One idea that appears to be 
gaining ground is for a tax- 
ation category to take better 
account of low-proof “cooler” 

“Coolers”, popular in the 
United Suites and Australia 
and making Inroads into the 
British market, are mixes of 
an alcoholic drink base with 
fruit juices and spring water. 

Taxing a “cooler” with a 
spirit base is straightforward 
as the doty on spirits is levied 
according to strength. 

. Bnt a wine-based drink mQ 
be taxed in the same way as a 
minim um 15 per cent alcoholic 
volnme content 


« wn i AIRE SYSTEMS: Six 
months 10 June 30. Figures in 
SwOTumover 1.961 { 1.217). 
pretax profit 80 (2). retained 
profit 63 (38 loss) and earnings 
per share 0-l4p W-W 

Can34 cents (Can32 cents) and 
bonus dividend Can5 cems for 
year to June 30. Figures m CanS. 
Turnover 84.8 million or £42.6 
million (8X1 million). Pret«c 
earnings from operations oJT/ 
million (7.53 million). fav»t- 
ment and other income 13 
million (7.6 million). 

FUND: Final dividend 17c 
making 34c (30c) for year to 
August 27. Gross revenue 
$2887757 or £203,000 
($264,482). revenue before tax 
$206,928 ($185,803) and earn- 
ings per share 0-38c (030c). 

A group of private investors, 
including the chairman, Mr PJ 
Moran, have made an interest- 
free loan of£l 75,000. to provide 
working capital and meet costs 
of redundancies. 

DUSTRIES: Interim dividend 
l.67p on enlarged capital 
(I.25p) for six months to June 
30. Figures in £000. Sales 44,417 
(40,312), operating profit 1,925 
(Z298), pretax profit 808 
(1,201). rax 220 (101) and 
earnings per share before 
extraordinary items 2.6p (5.8p). 

TIONERY: JM Finn and Co 
announces that tbe offer to 
qualifru» shareholders of up to 
(.400,000 new ordinary shares 
in Continuous Stationery has 
become unconditional. 

Rothschild Holdings has dis- 
posed of its entire bolding of 
2,009,381 shares in CotoroQ. 
The shares were taken up by a 
wide range of institutional 

Designation and recording of 
bargains temporarily suspended 
at the company’s request, pend- 
ing a further announcement 

• RUBEROID: Interim divi- 
dend 2-4p (23). Figures in £000 
for six months to June 30: 
Turnover 58,150 (52^82), pre- 
tax profit 2.414 (2,154). tax 93J 
(839L earnings per share 8.95p 

HOLDINGS: Interim dividend 
l.54p (same). Figures in £000 
for six months to June 27. Sales 
5.424 (5,644). loss before tax 199 
(12 profit), loss per share 3p 
(O^p earnings). 

• JONES GROUP: intern" 

dividend ^(sameLn^p^ 

lifOOO for»x rfniS 

3ft Turnover 32.482 (33.1W). 
net taxable profit 1^555 (1-3^ 
tax 884 (46 1 ). earnings per share 


JourSv raoPERTigfc 

Final dividend . Sip- roakmg 
r Sn (8L Figures in £000 for year 
to A?ril ThrcupW^ 
7.012 (6.961 ). rental one Mb 
(717). pretax profit 722 (Vi/j. 
tax 141 061L earnings per share 

INTERNATlONAli Figures in 
$000 for year to Augrt 31: 
Gross revenues 3.468— us 
(2.650.737). net revenue 
2.488393 (2,I42.^L ^ 

fore taxes (-79-79- 

profit), net loss 97,279 (163.^9- 
mcome), loss per share I-I2c 

8 iSSB 3 tt«wiy 

company has purchase^ 
through a subsidiary, amj 

?GOODWlN: Final dividejid 
mgs per stare 4.89p (0-80)- 

NATIONAL: Final dividend 
4 p. making S.75p. The. board 
intends to increase tne inienm 
dividend to 2p. makitK a total of 
6p. Figures in £000 for war » 
April 30: Turnover 56.744 
(47.967). net group trading 
profit 6.901 (5.473), tax 2.940 
(2,451). earnings per share 5S_2p 

NATIONAL: Results (or the 28 
weeks to September 13, figures 
in (£000). Interim dividend 2p 
(1.65pL payable March 2. 
Group sales: UK. automouve 
12,935 (12,635); overseas and 
export 31.749 (2,010); and food 
nil (1,630). making 44-684 
(4V,27«. Interest payable 625 
(606). Group pretax profit 3.553 
(3,U»). Tax 1.490 (1391). 
Minority interests 179 (134). 
Earnings per share 4.16p 

Final dividend 1.41p (l-15p) 
malting 2.05p (1.70p) for the 
year ended July 3V. payable 
December 3. Figures in £000" s. 
Turnover 28.443 (23,895). Pre- 
tax profit 1.908 (1,433). Tax 757 
(560)- Extraordinary hems nfl 
(33 credit), tamings per stare 
5.33p (4.04pX Advertising turn- 
over 27.260 (22.624). Channel 4 
subscription 3,018 (2.661). Ex- 

schemc 75 (n«X N« kkb 
employed at year end 6394 

• bSSaSERV INC: Interim 
dividend 0.75 cents (06 cm) 
for the six months to June 30. 
Figures in USS000. Gross rev- 
enue 85.023 (61,409). tanungs 
before income taxes A211 
(1.647). Income tax« 918 (646). 
Net earning* 1-293 (1.001). 
Eaniings per stare 5-27 cents 

fffflsrfewnui. w,T. 

sults m R00a Divideiid 76<*nts 
(24p) (60 cents), making 119 
cents <93 cents) payable Decem- 
ber 5. .Investment income 
(listed) Z21S (I 721). Interest 
earned 77 (79). 

Admininistrauon and other ex- 
penses 139 (120). Net income 
before tax 2.153 (W Tax 35 
(36L Exuotdinary items ml 
(credit m tamings per stare 
119.9 cents (93.1 cents). Net 
asset value per share after 
dividends 3,043 cems <1.883 
cents). - 

TRUST: The board has recom- 
mended that the company's 
structure be changed to that ofa 
split level investment trust com- 
pany with an intended ax-year 
life, thereby virtually dimnwt- 
ing the discount between the net 
asset value and the market value 
( 160 ) and camiMS per share 

MINES: The company intends 
to raise up to Aus$ 1 64.7 million 
(£ 72.8 million), through .a 

renounceable entitlement equity 

issue for additional capital and 
expansion needs. Terms are one 
new share at AusJQ.75 for <»ch 
ordinary share. 

The company plans io raise 
AusS72.6 million (£32.1 mil- 
lion) with a renounceable equity 

issue to fond its entitlement in a 
one-for-one rights issue by 
North Kalgurii Mines and to 
fund existing loan obligations. 
Terms are two new shares at 
A usSO.SO per share for each 
ordinary share held. 

• PETRANOL: The ordinary 
resolution to increase the 
company's authorized share 
capital from £3,400.000 to 
£7.600.000. by the creation of 
42,000.000 ordinary shares, and 
to authorize the directors to 
allot the ordinary shares so 
created, failed to gain 
shareholders* approval at the 
annual meeting. Neither the 
proposed acquisition of Apollo 
Energy nor the rights issue wiU 
take place. 


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IBM CIM makes the connections you thougJ 

An IBM computer integrated manufacturing to be easy but we can make it easier. We’ve already 

helped customers move towards it in the auto- 
motive, aerospace and in the fabrication and 
assembly industries. 

Once you’ve chosen to go with IBM you can 
put the system together at your own pace. 

We have a wide range of compatible products, 
from high-powered mainframes incorpora ting 
vector processors, through to industrial computers 
and robots, and each can be installed one at 
a' time. 


* w 

system breaks down barriers. 

It links together the people, machines and 
information in the various departments through- 
, out your company, making it more efficient and 
more competitive. 

Administration and marketing, design and 
production engineering, and production planning 
and control all start talking and working together, 
rather than constantly chasing their own tails. 

Creating an integrated system is never going 

- were mi 


Of course you have existing and planned 
investments. We’ll work with you or with your 
specialist integrators and consultants to merge our 
systems with yours, whatever the size of your 

For a copy of the IBM CIM brochure, write 
to David Preston, IBM United Kingdom Limited, 
Engineering, Scientific and Industrial Centre, PO 
Box 31, Birmingham Road, Warwick CV34 5JL. 

Its the easiest connection — 

you’ll ever make. = 




From your jxmfoiio card check your 
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back of your card. You must always have 
your card available when claiming. 

<n itaBSww* 1 *" - 


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A guide to 
career choice 

Marketing bright ideas 

turer nnrt 'a ^ ,I WBne mami fap - 

"““W *eir own 

new UK businesses 
■”■£25! P“Ple under 30. Manyof 

SwiSS!”* 81 ^ raduales ®ke Inactive 

JOOS With DICSTlhmie nn «•. _ 

wLST“ ^rauuaies take lucrative 
^Paniesor City 

53*3!* “ i ~ ™ 

business knowledge. 

A number of them can be helped by 
Graduatc *■“*•*■■ 
Designed to encourage more graduates 

Consider small 

l lilllli» ga 

The first in a 
two-part series 
on the Graduate 
and its graduates, 
by Beryl Dixon 

Students do not need degrees in 
business studies. All are eligible if not 
more than two years away from 

Miles Penhallow and Andy IngJeston, 
promoters of the tourist cassette and 


It has since helped to start more than 

Students most be 
enthusiastic and ready 
to work hard 

60 businesses, with a total «twhu>i 
turnover of £1 million and create 140 
jobs. The idea spread to the rest of 
Britain with the welsh prog ramm e now 
in operation at University College, 
Lampeter, English ones at Cranfield, 
Durham, and Warwick Business Schools 
— to be joined by one more, as yet 
unnamed, m 1987 - and Northern 
Ireland soon to have one at the 
University of Ulster. 

All of the universities and most other 
colleges are involved in the Scottish 
programme which is stiH directed from 

Students on the programmes are not 
necessarily brilliantly innovative, but do 
need to produce ideas to fill gaps in the 
market place. They also need an en- 
trepreneurial attitude — that is, “why 
not?” rather than “why?". 

They must be willing to have a go. 
“Yes, it’s risky, but it’s a different 
lifestyle. You are in control,’* said David 
Dutton, who was educated at the 
Harvard Business School and founded 
the PizzaJand chain. Mr Dutton gives 
presentations on the Cranfield course. 

They must also be full of enthusiasm 
and ready to work hard. The Graduate 
Enterprise Programme cannot provide 
these qualities but it can give their 
holders the skills and hacking to help 
turn the ideas into reality. 


and Catriona Baker, who moved from 
history and philosophy to manufacturing 
and selling designer clothes. 

Cranfield numbers among its suc- 
cesses the geographer Tessa Finch, owner 
of a party planning operation, and 
Christine Wallis, a trained English and 
drama teacher who has jnst won her first 
export orders for designer knitwear to 
the US. 

Getting on to a programme is no 
walkover. Applicants face a tough selec- 
tion procedure, beginning with introduc- 
tory seminars, followed by an- interview 
with a programme counsellor and a two- 
day review course, and interviews with a 
selection panel from the Manpower 
Services Commission and the business 

The Graduate Enterprise Programme 
is organized by an impressive partner- 
ship from the education system, public 
sector and private industry. 

T eaching is provided in the business 
schools; financial support comes from . 
the MSC; financial expertise by 
participating hank* and accountancy 
firms; with advice and support to 
students coming from companies. 

The Scottish programme's sponsors 
include, among others, the Bank of 
Scotland, Arthur Young, the Scottish 
Office, the Regional Councils, BP, and 
Coats Phton. 

Next year’s English programme mem- 
bers win receive advice from . 

Arthur Andersen and National West- 
minster, with app ro p riate support from 
BP for those with a product to develop. 

The structured part of the programme 
takes 16 weeks. About six weeks are 
spent at the business schools, inter- 
spersed with periods in conducting 
market research and contacting potential 
customers and suppliers. 

An MSC allowance of £40 is paid 
weekly during the course, accommoda- 
tion and food are provided during the 
residential periods, and up to £1,200 is 
available for market research. 

Some students may be eligible for the 
enterprise allowance when s tar t in g out 
on their own, but most have to raise the 
money themselves. 

The business school input con- 
centrates on the skills necessary to ran a 
successful business, particularly 
emphasizing finance and marketing 
with sessions taken by school staff, \ 
contributors from industry, former stu- 
dents and professional lawyers and i 

Communication and presentation 
skills are stressed - with particular 
reference to approaching ha^k managers 

Most students need to combine sev- 
eral sources of finance. Andy Ingleston, 
owner of Dockspeed road haulage com- 
pany, bought his first trade on hire 

• TTi 1 ■'—•'-I. - X- 

h 1 R , I 

from the NatWest for his working 

Britain is leading 
the way in a 
business initiative 

A vital-part of the Graduate Enterprise 
Programme, he said, was the help in 
preparing his business plan. His bank 
manager said that he had rarely seen one 

so thoroughly prepared. Other students 
make amllar comments and praise the 
accounting and marketing sesswos 

“It gave me credibility with the bank." 
“It got me off the ground. The finance 
and the business plan were invaluable." 
“For me, the marketing know-how was 
cr ucial " 

Programme or gan izers are hoping to 
expand the scheme in the future. In the 
meantime, the Scottish Enterprise 
Foundation has been approached for 
advice from overseas, with the result that 
similar initiatives are being taken in 
Europe; Australia, and the US. 

Isn’t it nice to know that Britain is 
leading the way in a business initiative? 

Publicity material about the 1987 
programmes is bong sent to all univer- 
sities, polytechnics and colleges. Stu- 
dents should be able to get booklets and 
view a programme video at their careers 

Alternatively, information may be 
obtained from Bob Hale, Stirling 
University, or Professor Paul Burns, 
Cranfield Business School (Cranfidd 
Institute of Technology, Bedfordshire). 
Next week. Beryl Dixon talks to three 
graduates of the Enterprise Programme 

T'l 7 • f* g 1 • 7 • Royal Society of Arts 

education jor Capability urtsss 

Recognition Day 

'open afternoon 

FRIDAY 17 OCTOBER 1986, 2.00 - 4.00 PM 

Programmes which have* demonstrated 
! that they help people, whether school 
pupils, students or adults to learn how 
to live and work more effectively will 
receive Recognition at the Royal 
Society for the encouragement of Arts, 
Manufactures and Commerce (RSA) 
under the 1986 Recognition Scheme for 
Education for Capability on 17 October. 

Anyone interested will be very 
welcome to attend the Open Afternoon. 

Pupils/students of these programmes 
together with their organisers will be 
presenting an active exhibition of 
their practice. 

Presenters: ■ 

The ‘Profile Course’, Castleford High 
School, Wakefield 

The ‘Sixth Option 1 , Hamilton School, 

The Nursery Class, Hummersea 
Primary School, Cleveland 
Drop in Skill Cenfre, Nelson & Colne 
College, Lancashire 
Diploma in Management by Self- 
Managed Learning, Department of 
Management Studies, North East 
London Polytechnic 
Transition to Adulthood, Queen 
Elizabeth’s Foundation for the 
Disabled, Banstead, Surrey 
An ‘Alternative Curriculum’, Sutton 
High School, Sl Helen’s, Lancashire 
The Graduate Enterprise Programme, 
St. David’s University College, 
University of Wales, Lampeter 

Further details from: 
Janet Jones, 

Education for Capability, 
Royal Society of Arts, 

8 John Adam Street, 
London WC2N 6EZ. 

Teh 01-930 5115 ext 215 



The Academy invites applications for 25 post- 
doctoral fellowships, tenable for the three 
years from October 1987 in a LUC university 
or polytechnic- This new scheme Is to enable 
scholars ordinarily resident in the U.K. and 
normally under the age of 30 to pursue mar 
tune research and gain teaching experience. 
Further details ana application forms (to be 
returned by 5 December) from: • 

The Secretary, 

The British Academy, 

20-21 Cornwall Terrace, 

London NW1 4QP, 

Tel (01) 487 5966 




In January 1987 examinations will take place foe the 
fidlotring scholarships: 

(for c andid ate * under 18 on 1st Jane 1987) 

One Scholarship of two-thirda cuneui tees pju 
Two Scholarships of half cu rrent fees pj. 

Two Schobrehfos of quarter current fees pa. 

Two Exhibitions of one- tenth current fees pjl 

(no ago Emit) Auditions in Fe b ru ar y 
One Music Scholarship of two-thirds c u rre n t fees 
pa. pins free tui t io n m two uatni uent g. 

One Music Scholarship of one-third • current fees 
piL plus free tuition in two in st r um ent s. 

One Music Exhibition offering free t u it i on in two 

instruments. . . 

Further particulars may be obtained 
from the Headmistress. 

Entries to be in by 1st December 1988. 

Stii November 1986 

Awards tenabJe for 
ah secretarial and 
business courses: 

For farther 
please contact: 
The Registrar: 

2 Arkwright Rood. 

London NW36AD. 

■ Tfel: (01)435 983L 



Applications are invited for four vacancies of 
Lecturer, two of which are for a fixed term 
period of five years, in the Department of Elect- 
rical and Electronic Engineering. This Is a weB 
equipped dynamic Department, situated in the 
beautiful Singleton Park on the edge of Swan- 
sea Bay. Appointments win be made in areas in 
which there is a substantial activity within the 
Department and these Include: 

RF Communications 

Semiconductor Simulation and Fabrication 
Electronic Materials other than SiBcon 

Microprocessor Appfcations in Power 

CAD - Based Circuit Theory 
Modem Laboratory Techniques 

CIM Technology with specific interests in either 
Industrial Networks or Computer Vision. 

Applicants should have Industrial Experience 
and must have an interest in prosecuting re- 
search-in one of the above. 

The ^ipofntments. which vriB commence as 
soon as possible, will be on the scale £8020 - 
£15700 per annum plus USS/USDPS benefits. 

Further particulars and application forms (2 
copies) may be obtained from the Personnel 
Office, University Cottage of Swansea. Single- 
ton Park, Swansea, SA2 8PP, to which office 
they should be returned by Friday, November 
7, 1985. 



Ap pli ca t ion* are invited for two porta of Research Fd- 
low to cany out UwM ti p ti om into the effectiveness of 
the Wodd Bank's Structural Acgostment Landing pro- 
gramme. The investigations will tons put of to 
inquiry, financed by the Oversees Development Admin , 
istration, on conditional aid which w2T be conducted 
jointly by the two imtifait v iM under the di rec ti on of 
Professor Paul Mosley aud Professor John Toys. One of 
the posts will be located m Manchester and tie other in 
Brighton. Both paste would require substantial ovuaaaa 
treveL Applicants should hove a post-graduate qoaB- 
Scation in development conoanica. Experience of 
working m lew developed countries and, fin- one of the 
porta, of computer caao-mndriKnywonM be an advan- 
tage. It is expected that the posts win be avaOaUo for 
two years from March 1987. Salary according to quali- 
fications and ex p erienc e on Rematch scale II (£ 1 1,790- 
£15.700 P-&-1 (under review!. Further naitjcmten from 
Professor Paul Mosley. Department or Administrat iv e 
Stadias, Crawford Howe, Precinct Centre. Manchester 
M]3 9QS, to whom applications should be returned fay 
December 1st. 1986. 



Appli c ation* are invited bora 
graduates bra LECTURESHIP 
in lb* DqnilttBft of Manage- 
ment Studies In join a group 
leaching Quantitative Aaafaah 
(Operational Research. Statis- 
tics. Computing) to amter . 
mduate end pcatmadnaie 
cornea tvfelnn the Department 
and U» rtatam tfudyinn tor de- 
cree* in adenm and technotopy- 
j An ialerert in information tech* 
nolo# would be mekoaed and 
menvaped. The pot it tenable 
moil 31 December 1S69. 

.Salary within aerie £8020 • 
CISTDOpa. (under review). Pad- 
card npnti for farther 
pirt iruU n and nyheatign form 
to Pari Inhnami fftrtehlwhmrnr 
and Staffing Oflmr, quoting 
Ret HC/4Q/M& CandMtim may 
telephone Profcmor G. Giewny 
{ifi09 363171 ext enwnn 3100) far 
informal dfotu—ina 
Lau&barou/ji LrkntmUrr 

SL Catharine’s College Cambridge 
Research Fellowships 

men or women tor eteteoto Ml to three Research ^Fgfonsf^s. tBgie 
wnhoul reflnawi as toateect tTOT T0c »te _l tor rtw. wars. 

AoDhahna are also rote! tor a Bthby flsseasttt WtecMp jwabja ran 
1*55^67 for three yaws* ** .yj.SWS! 
retried to wfosoy or a anmgre. tjg 

Oocmtees ot eccnwws. engBemoo. or naMa SMW. C*KhdaWTrc« 
be ipadwies nf a uwwfstfy «l ones year s td a wl Oetobnr 
lift Tte dtmno d» tor appteattms s 6 Nowmber W86. 

Further narhodas are awdaWe ham the Secretor y for The HEsrardi 
FS tow to toreetthon at Sl Camroas CoHe^, Csnriwdge C82 1HL 





Those awards, based on parents' finan- 
cial circumstances, are imendedp 1 ™^ 
for boys and girls entenngat tbe i age ot 
StS who would benefit parfaoiterty 

from an education at Fettes. These awards 
can be up to full tees* 


Among the open 

are three Awards of up w £2^000 
There are also Scholarship 
dants of Fettesians, Bu^^ ^rated to 
pupils at preparatory schools. Music and 
Services Scholarships. 

Fettes participates in the Government's 
Assisted Places Schemes. 

Fbr further particulars, pte^eapply to 
the Registrar, Fettes College, 
(teL 031 332 2281). 


rT' 1 'i ^ : I J ,77 Tif.iTnT kEY i TTi 


Applications for Overseas Rekl Re- 
search grants for 1987 are invited to be 
mae not later than 15 December 1986 on 
forms of application to be obtained from 
the Executive Secretary of the Royal So- 
ciety, 6 Carlton House Terrace, London 
SW1Y 5AG {ref: LUM). Decisions on 
applications will be given in March 1987. 

fbr payment of stipends or to aid scien- 
tific publications. .Grants will normally 
not exceed £8000. 

Applicants must be British Citizens ordi- 
narily resident in the United Kingdom 
and be of post-doctoral or equivalent 



Appfications are Invited for a Scholarship in 
Medicine for graduates from October 1987. 
The scholarship wifi cover ail fees and mainte- 
nance for the pre-dinfoal course only. The 
scholarship, is open to graduates in any sub- 
ject from any university, provided that they 
have a First or upper Second Gass Honours 
degree. The scholarship makes no provision 
for the C&nfcaJ Course, which must be fi- 
nanced privately or from pub&c funds. 

Further details and an application form can be 
obtained from the Coliege Secretary, 
Sl Catherine's Cottage. Oxford, OX1 3UJ. 
The closing date for appfcations is 12th 
November 1986 and interviews held 
in mid-December. 


Applications are 
invited fora 
lectureship in the 
School of Law, from 
1st Jamjar* 1987, 
flr fry BvranggntfnL 

Starting salary in the 
range £8,500 to 
£16300. USS. 
dosing date fir 

24th October 1986. 

Farther particulars 
from The Registrar; 
The University of 




fteatn awrewe lor w oaf pas 
ftw’-gnsuw OMWii poam a 


required in the Mecfical Sciences Faculty Office re~ 
sporwfoie for student admissions to Meffical Degree 
course. Duties wfli include secretarial work (s/hand 
and typing skfte essential*, and assistance v«h the 
apgicatkw and selection procedure. Knowtadge of 
UCCA system useful Satary on scale: £7278 - 
£8632 pa Inc. Appfcations to: 

Liz Kelly, 

Personnel Department, 
University College London, 
Qower Street, 

London WC1E BBT. 


Applications are invited fbr a SENIOR DEMONSTRA- 
TORSHIP tenable for three years from October 
1986, to take responsibility for the electrical and 
control laboratories and limited lecturing duties. 
Applicants should possess a first degree in electri- 
cal or control engineering and preferably a post- 
graduate qualification or equivalent Industrial ex- 
perience and the appointee will be encouraged to 
participate in one of the existing related research 

Initrtal Salary in the range £7,055 - £9,495 pa on 
Grade 1A/& with superannuation. 

Applications should be sent by 31 October 1986. to the 

Registrar, Science Laboratories, 
South Road, Durham DH1 3UE 

from whom further particulars may be obtained. 


Morning tuition then ski the 
rest of the day. Living wfaj, a 
french family in thew 
com fwubfc chalet facing 
Mom Kane, langnagr taught 
to all leveb according to 
reqwrenjcms. Business. 


Write; Letov BJP-28. 
74928 Ccnabioux or call 
810U50 5867 86 
v 21 05 8* 19. 

German day intensive 
courses at etamentry 
and sitermedatB 
I levels starting 27th 
October. 4 weeks. 3 
hours daily, fee £75 
Also courses in 

Goethe Institute, 
50 Princes Gate, 
London SW7 

Tel: 01-581 3344/7. 



Applications are invited for this two-year post 
acotorioned by the aeoemdemnt of Mr D AC 
Freestone- as adviser to the Government of 
Autism and Baibuda. The orinciDal duties wiH 

further particulars may be obtained. 


Appferttons we invited tor the Chair ol Enviromwntto Phys- 
ics wrtttn the Department of Ptiywology 6 Environmental 
Scienc a. The Dopenme n t Is nxjUtprofessortai with a rotating 

Tfae Protaasor wi have spodai reEponsfottin tor the Envf- 
icnmenial P hysics Beaton which has a wide teaching rente 
and strong research interests. 

Salary withm tto professorial range. 

Further paiticrtarund appfcaHon forms, mtumrtHenntatar 

The Staff Appointments Officer, 
University of Nottingham, 
University Park, 
Nottingham NG7 2RD. 

Ref No 1073. 

■‘V‘lVn Li =;i> 


We tare helped thousands to 


Afftahons are rote) fa toe Ghu ot toicuftura bi fee Pmartmert rf 
Agncrion sM HonictAM. 

Steay antm Cu prrtessona range. 

Finhtewtoto are) apwaton toms, mumiWs not fate tin 1 Decem- 
bar 1988, torn fog Stan AoaamBnerus Qtneer. UmasW at Nofoaglam. 
Unert^r PSft. tottnghpn 18,7 2RD. Bte No 1069. 

umvnsiTY PB U BB Lam a 

Bamrtorv MMrn or Dortor- 
Hr OtWe MiUrMir Irom homr 
Ming lour aradmwc. ttte and 
work wwiiww to date. Fully 
loeai degrm ere exailaDte in a 
tcrtM artpiy « dHrMtnn la rx- 
pmmrM MdN who serk 
rrrogmUoo lor Umr ad«Hf 
mwiw AUmbiMyDrnwnrH 
dropnaion on «rMn* awardm. 
Inlrmatunial nonHFadtUonU 
nmai^ and uneccraHted i_n»- 
xorviy otfm irw rvahiaUon. 
Prasomu* from Non CHmoa & 
Company. Drj* T. P.O Bov i. 
Sudburt . SuHoUi. COSO cow. 
Tor >02M> toss*. 

SYMPOSIUM in Eaglich on uve 
BrIIMi Li mature of Tho Pint 
world War iTWh annhman- 
of the Bauteoi UteSomntei. No- 
'ftnbtr idlh • 1611 , 19B& , 
Lnnmfte or Picardy. Pro- 
orammr: Hhium Mur. of ttw 
Siomme bamrtioWv war ffbm 
and a <mau Mdnemon. No 
•«*. CnounteK-Mre 
CourtOis. bnhomte. -80OSS 
Airorm. W S3 96 91 SO^ 

9HOBT WTSHSIVC Typrwrtuno 
courts ai Lanoham SNTrtartal 
Cdinr. Park Lam> Fun liny 
to a H-ctks. San aoui Off and 
ITfh nan ConUrv Mn m. 
PteOte. 18 Dunraim SI- Lon- 
dan wiv ire. Tel: Oi«aa 


Tl» demand for ilia trained man or vw man.tfAi ap otf a : jn i the 
nrfreri sector is rowwi g. Mast of Mg”*** 

qual^tmaahaionialnchliBii j^^batalw gh^^gg 


Bam RoIS Sugh^^**^ 

Tafc (052ft) Ml* (24 hn) and (0828) 3244S 

The MRS run* a series of oim-day and resl- 
denfial courses on efl aspects of Marfcet 
Research, directed at three different levels. The 
'courses and seminars booklet for 1986/87 is now 
available from the Education Office (Courses) of the 
MRS, at 175 Oxford Street. London W1R 1TA. Teh 
01-439 2585. This years courses include "What's 
Happening with Telephone Research". "Sources of 
Error in Survey Date". “Financial Research" and 
many more! 

Farlington School 

Applications are invited for 
the post of 


For this Girls’ School, upon 
the retirement of Mrs Olive 
Peto in August 1987. 

Farlington is an 
independent school of 2S0 
girls, aged 9-18, of whom 70 
are boarders. It stands in 20 
acres of parkland, in which 
there is also an attractive 
house which goes with the 

The present headmistress is 
a member of the G.S.A. 

The school has high 
academic standards and 
attaches great importance to 
extra curricula activities and 
careers advice. 

Letters of application, 
should be addressed, 
together with a curriculum 
vitae and the names of three 
referees to The Clerk to 
The Council, Farlington 
School, Strood Park, 
Horsham, West Sussex, 
RH12 3PN. 

Closing date for 
applications 15th 
November, 1986 

aJ wltll CO*] 

rrrirr^i f <~^Tr, rt : » ; 



Director: Science, Technology 
& Society Program 

Search raopawf. Hem Jassy institute of bJutofogyseeteaccain. 
parted scholar and teacher wtfi ad mhss t nft ro sMs to direct 
expanding BS depae program in Scenes, hftwlogy & Society 
The djertorW* haw faculty status in an appropriate department 
with rank and salary dependent on quaHcaiicns. ResponrtMes 
tetate teaching oanetrt art s p ee tt t i nri STS courses, 
acsvfoes of participating faculty members. recnifinQ students, 
and destaging ties with otter insatutons. QuaWcations: Earned 
doctorate with strong record of research. puMcation. and teach- 
ing in 8 least one oMtw Mowing areas Hstory or PWosoptry 
at fcoftnafcwr Science, ftrtwofegy 4 PUttfc 
be fled hi January or September 1967 bepenhng on candtae's 
avatahity. Affitmafiw AcfaVEqwl Opportunity Employee 
Send resume to: 

Personnel Bat H-QSS 


Nunrt, NJ 87102, USA 





of S hgherAND HOTEL. 

Reqaized for January 1937, 
or as soon as possible 







Oxford Road, London, NW6 5SN 

from January 1987, Head 


The Principal expects to retire 
within five years.'ii’i 

Prospective applicants should 
write to him for details. 

Hm Department is cvrently undertaking further expan- 
sion and is looking to appoint to a newly crested 
oration of Lecturer fl/Sevor Lecturer in Hospteiiy 

Studies / Humanities courses- A strong 
mterest in physical geography neceseaiy. 

ApoRcanteshouki be in sympathy with the Christian 

of the SchooL 

Apply in writing to the Headteacher gWing.CV and 
two referees. Application forms will be sent in reply. 


Appficante should havc- 

- an appr op riate Homs 
advanced management i 

- preferably but not re 

and preferably an 

f some teaching 


66 Southampton Row. Ho“^^ c J®l5 Y ig27) 

iRecqnBtd fariepa ad ro i Sixth Farm Foundto 


I Jin! i-il 

a senior management tevel 
Tliis is an Meal opportunity fw an experienced qualified 

manager who wishes to enter the academic environment 
towmwje an effective contribution to a fast expanding 
and developing department 

Salary range £8595 - £14528. 

Far tatter details aid awlic a t ta i fra please 
ceatact the: 

Staffing Officer 

Dorset Institute of Higher Education 
Poole ' 

BH12 5BB 

Telephone Bournemouth 524111 ext 5031 ! 
tifcsftf data 31st October, 1000 






Sixth Form Places 


Applications are invited for the appoint- 
ment of Head commencing 1st September 

The post becomes vacant upon the retire- 
ment of Miss Y J Hand. 

Applications are invited on behalf of 
boys and girls wishing to enter the 
Sixth form at The Leys in September 


Required, tar January 1987, an experi e nced and weH 
qualified graduate m a thematic ia n to be head of de- 
partment and lead a team of 6, teaching to G.CJ5JE, O. 
and AO. Levels. Abffity to teach computing could be an 
advantage. Whilst it is hoped to make an appointment 
in January, candidates unavailable until later should 

not be deterred from applying. Salary: Burnham scale 
with Surrey weighting and Government superannua- 
tion. AppHcafions by Tatter, inducing tafl c.v„ names, 
addresses and telephone numbers of 2 profession a l 
referees, to the Headmistress, St Maw's Convent 
School, Thames St, Waybridge, KT13 8NL 

The School is an Independent Day School 
of 860 pupils including a Junior School of 
170 aged 4-11 years. 

At present 30 places a year are awarded 
under the Assisted Places Scheme. 

Further particulars are available from - 
The Clerk to the Governors 
Governors' Office, P O Box 25 
11 Market Street 

West Yorkshire, WF1 1DD 

* Awards and Assisted Places are 

* Examination and interviews will 
take place during November 

Prospectus and farther details from: 
The Headmaster, The Leys School, 
Cambridge CB2 2AD 

TeL 0223 355327 

Closing date for applications 
24th October 1986. 

TEACHER of Fmvn to -A* tovrt 


la- Brunh wcondarv *rtwol to 
Madrid 10 Mart « wan » ptmi- 
bto. THWM W HHdnudW 
010-54 ! -4672377/2501891/ 

wmch SOKKM.T Oar nunrt. 
Ittig n lira «td oOKTtHe Otmv 
and >«• in ■ Truman A 
KnnMh'. 7A NMitnv Mitt Cair. 
tail. Tol- Ol 797 IM9.ITTL 
baMi l union m Cmtrai London 

m wMUNnt iNflwr wnn pad. 

CJS ah. Trl 2*3 OftJS 




w« tew at 
tn ml tot 



irnmadutely for 
ts testa UK ad 

TELEX Enrm 01278 6931. 
Fast -and rrtubto Mcx/{ra her- 
itor. awn/llH. 


DtUghttul cottage Wert London as 

pvt Hi safety offered by nail 
lewm amot/QM dnoamnba 

131 Mbit Boari Start,- 
Irartae W1Y9FB 
TdeptaM 81-493 2441 


mown author/cMd pteJograpter 
lo steuMte ansocnoous PA/ 
Housekeeper wdh lughest rcfer- 
anen. Non anker. Anar. animal 
km. dak room skills advanta- 
geous. Mamed coaple f hostend 
dm octupteon pr staled}. 

Reply to BOX D6a 

EXCELLENT dally Housekeeper 
. leqimied for couple to Brlgn- 
vu Prune reference*. Pay hi 
rrtaUdn. Tel 01 -730 4905 
momuifl or after fcOOpm. 

RMfORAKV re g air ed to run 
email bua office m PkodlDy. 
Starting Ortoaer 2a umgccnR. 
Dtgxai D >*- ii mt e op erteneeaiid 
good typing runhlal. Bema- 
deftc of Bond SL 01-629 1204. 

pjuiT-nMC orrtM i T UM mr m 
Shaft. Secretary tauau for 
□trrdor, nuH rompany. trad- 
ing lntenuitona[iy. Hoars and 
jenutneraiHm tty a t t a ngeiwrtU- 
Pkwini nirroumUog*. Good 
*fiorU»and. typing, kehrx and 
•eeretariai skills ehtmual. Local 
. person prefered. Apply in wrU- 
tng plnase. Hi Rnl Instance to: 
Onmipiant inveMmenta Ud- 
Asphaae House, nine Street, 
London SwiE 6HS. 

U rp dH r e gei n d Put-Mar 
Serretar%'/PA but SO. for si 
JanMM, An Oraler MuM be 
organised with good shorthand. 
Early *Url. Reply with CV and 
references lo Reply » BOX 

PANT lime Mtorefary/gencraf as 
sMiani for Cnefw*a estate agent 
dealing hi renials. Max IS 
hours. Wages two. Orner pref* 
endue. TcfOl 878 2994 -- ■ 


ran WMCSiherSMrtT Srtfdrhd 
a rtwnffeui- Other » prunes 
aiaiWMe Ol 540 0280/7902 T 


H UME IOT A USA 9150 put 
trained mature nanny, new 
bom ctiDd. must Hke anfmets. 
Own room a TV Ref: 8A094M 

PRETTY Busy* Temp in Advertis- 
ing- PuMtshiog. Corrent 
Affairs. Architects. Museums. 
10 name but a fewi ISooa rales 
ring us today- COVENT CAR- 
EC* 553 7696 

MUT TIME Admm SecreCar y . 
slow shorthand useful, who is 
calm, well mofhated and su- 
premely well organised la be 
Die linchpin In ■ spry wcu ev 
labUshed RecruHroeot 

CWnwRancyln Use West End. c 
9 days per week. CaH Lana Jef- 
fers on 408-1631. Middleton 
Jeffers HlC Ud. 

Ungiilal Coumw/MH. 2 
school rhfldrrn. suHe mature 
nwrltr. Ref: 800963 Cal 


Required to drive 

{+ exp. in LHD care). 
References essential. 
Please apply in writing 
to BOX DOS. 

fZM me Georgia USA responst- 
bto namur for 14 moom old 
batty own room. Rrf: 861255 

MBC8PTKMST Private Weal 
End Bank offers many enticing 
benefits in rtf um for enreUmi 
groonahag and previous rrren- 
Uon escpenetice. Beromea leant 
member of ine staff using ynnr 
baar copy typing orraSooaHy. 
Salary G9.O00 + mort sub ♦+ 
ronUarlSoe Kershaw 008 1616 

Marhei force RccruUmeeH 

FARTIME arcrefary lequtord fbr 
young and growing PubBr Reta- 
il ons Co near London Bridge. 
Salary negotiable. Hours by ar- 
rangement. Would suH person 
woo may be looking fo eider Ihe 
world of PR. 

Trl Ol 407 2393 

928 S Manual 1980 w Reg 
43.000 mUev silver, full vper. 
new ivte*. in very good condi 
Iron UuouphoHi FsH.Gl6.700 
Trt <04951 6585*1 lOflKP 



HO SC. 1985. One owner 
CfcudHrr driven Mamumed bi' 
Mercedes Bene aqenis Nrw 
fvTrn. ABS Mid /Hue. Blur Ithr- 
nor STXtOO miles. Cl 5.000 
Tet Ol 4B6 1795 

SOUFIX remilrrd. WWe 
Housrkeeper/Cook - Duuw 
parties Husband 

Chudfeur/Gardener /Handy- 
man Sou -contained 

funujhed/unfuratshcd nai 
available. Edinburgh. Must be 
prepared M travel abroad. Ray 
negotiable according lo espect- 
enre References essential. 
Apptv lo J.B. Nursing & SUIT 
Emplvmrnl Agency. *7 
Onmruon Road. CdWburgn. SO. 
Tel No. 031-447 9630/9878 

OVIRrtM an par agsncy 87 
BcpeM GtreeULandon wi. TTO 
439 6834. UK/Ovsmeas. Alsoi 
mJtetpa/docm Knp/parm 

aSALET niBi ■ soughs by Chalet 
Morzme. 6 Ravenawood Park. 
Nertbwood, IWb HA6 3PR . 

WF EXPERT? Yon fi«re probably 
Installed systems and earned 
out training, and In addition 
have same marketing or re- 
rruuing skills? B ecome a 
RrcTuitmem Consusuni wuh 
our expanding WP operation. 
Woropiuv if you have a post- 
die personality and wtah both 
financial and lob saiMaction. 
Salary package Cl 5000 +. Cad 
Lyn Ceru On 4394344. 


VAIfTEO Trained an e w e r tonced 
rrsroentul namn and houw 
keepnrv Best whs. lop salaries. 
Hmg now Ol 689 3990 

VIA i Agency i 

PARTY PfQROHAfm Catering 
Servlres require a very hard 
working, experienced 2 nd chef 
aged 94+ for Iheto catering 
krtrhnw in Battersea 5 day 
week. MUry CSOXXXJ pa. ♦ 
overtime. Tel Lucinda 01-720 




M A REffl LA -E MP f W ewred couple 
reoutoeCM work as rook/buner 
in luonn-v v Ula. Own accomtno- 
oatutn and exrrttotu terms Non 
smokers. Highest rets rrauIrML 
Rrpli to Box 076 The Times. 
Xvginia SL London El 900 

E Plaza Estates 

I lu- I’ropcrtv Manj^ri 
01-221 SK3S 

C5S4M0f£HMMM N groro of- 
fered CotnNe to manage 
ranHMnr house, wile lo cook 
ku orrasronal guesb. No rest- 
deni fanuh- Stall Hal 4- car. 
ReL- 861564 Can Staane Bu- 
reau 01 730 8122. 

■SRAEl i rained nanny Cl 50 pw 
aoe 29 - 96. Ekiimenced babies, 
one child 5 months, own room 
A bath, generous Iree lime. Ref: 
Ot 730 8122 

We dm a snmrti salexten of per- 
strOfo) nspsctnl lutnafita and 
imtenshad propenies in irany 
Rendoitd ftsttats. raring (Run 
£150 pH to EZfHfl pw. 


1/1*7243100 Cl -561 75*5 

Tel: 01-486 8926 


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Classified Advertisement 

please telephone the appropriate number listed below 
between 9 a.m and 6 p.m. Monday lo Friday, 
or between 9.30 a.m and 1.00 p.m on Saturdays. 

Private Advertisers 

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Birth Marriage and Death Notices Ot 481 3024 

Birth And Death notices may be accepted over ihc telephone. 
For publication the following day please telephone by 1.30 pm. 
Marriage notices not appearing on Ihc Court & Social page may also be 
accepted by telephone. 

Trade Advertisers: 

Public Appointments 

II. K. Mondays 



Business to Business 

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Forthcoming Marriages* Weddings* etc for the 
Court and Social Page 

Can not be accepted by Telephone ' 

Please send Court and Social Pago notices to: 

The Court & Social Editor, 

Times Newspapers Ltd.. 

1, Pennington Street, 

London El 9DD 

rl^rt A* hOU .I? Publication. Any enquiries for the 

Court & Social page may be made after 10.30 a.m. on 0 1 822 9953. 

You may use your Access* Amex, Diners or Visa card. 





EdacaliBK UnivcisLy 
Appointments. Prep A Public 
School Appointments, 

Educational Courses. 
Scholarships and Fellowships. 

La Crime de Jt CMmt and oilier 
secretarial appointments. 

articles. Use the 
coapoo (right), and find 
ont bow easy, fast and 
economical it is to 
advertise in 71 k Times 


CoopEtar Horizon: Computer 
Appointments with editorial. 
Legal A p paltem rete Solicitors. 
Commercial Lawyers. Legal 

Officers. Private & Public 


Legal La Crime for top legal 

Public Setter AppoiutmeBts. 


La Crisat 4e h Crime and other 
secretariat appointments. 

Property- ResdemiaL Town & 
Country. Overseas. Rentals, with 

Anri*** am CofleanHes. 


Gw nl Appointments: 
Management and Executive 
appointments with editorial 
la Crbw de h Ctriae and other 
secretarial appointments. 


Motan: A complete car buyer's 
guide with editorial 

Harness ta Basincsc Business 
opportunities, franchises etc 
with editoriaL 

ftestSBMtGaMc. (MaatUy) 


Overseas an* UK HdUays: 

ViUas/Cottages, Holds. Rights 
etc. . 



^ n J^ C ^P 0 Si ai ^ aU ^ h t^ 10 your “dvenisemenu written cm a separate 
prec of paper, blowing 28 Waters and spaces per line. ^ 

Rates are: Linage £AQO per line (min. 3 lines); Rotted Disolav £23 uer rim 
Oilumn raitimctrc Court & Social £6 per lint All f«es»S£t w lS vS 
S end Me Shirtey MargoBa. Gwp Chastfted AdmtiMWfto a 
Nempepm LnL, POita 484, Vhgteia ScrettSSoaCl 

r. Times 

Telephone (Daytime) Date of insertion 

(Please allow three working days prior to insertion dale,) 
Use your Access, Visa, Anex or Diners cards. 

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a ***** 

lacreme de la creme 

fSK" pe "sonmel officer 

JSonSmJuff * *» «®e | «n8 to recruit an 

^H ,hs and ** 

grand 35 will need 


woujdbe partcularhfweton^ nec ^ af >- Applications 
rent| y wortdng m a legai'offjee™ 11 candldatBS wh0 "» cur- 

in Ihenmeofin foMto^ip^n 8011 ex Perienc8 but win be 

o«y should apply. ,00 ° to £12 -«W Per annum. Non smokers 

Miss J^gJSS? X an aPPMcaeon tom to: 

What’s the difference between 
Q Typist and a Secretary? 

About £4ZS0 - 

SSSSSSSXSSSrn tSSlSm* Wthao^iypwbsfflwel.pcld 

ond type of wortt& 

‘Sg^i'SESSSs 2S.SSffiR, a 


Temporarv Staff 



£9,000 e 

T^ 8 . ■ a ^hajjwcm g and d pimmrimg position for a person with a mod 
AdmmutntioD/Meocal work background to orgamae the heavy workload dealt 
with by the Executive Medical Director of this prestigious Private Hospital. 
The successful aj^Jkitni wiD have 8borthand/typfa£ sUh of at least 80^0 wpm. a 
P*®*® 1 * te lep hon e manner akn» with necessary tact and diplomacy required to i 
handle many varied situations. IfGwwledgE of the Private Health Cere Sector would 
be an advantage. 

The Hospital offers excellent working GondfraoBS tig with a generous hvnofit : 
wcta * e ( — -i 

,J L For farther details and an application form please 

I | t el ephone the Personnel Dept, on 686 5929, exten- 

H H nan 2710/2706. 

4nmcma Hospital Wellington 

Woffington Place London NWS 9LE 


We are an expanding W2 firm of solicitors and our Senior Partner is 
desperately seeking an efficient audio secretory. 

In adefition to usual secretarial skills (ie good typing speeds, telex, etc), 
we require somebody with common sense, who can work under 
pressure at times, who has the ability to deal with clients on the 
telephone, and who can generally organise our Senior Partner. We 
operate a Wang WP system, so w P knowledge is essential. 

In return for the above skills, we can offer you a salary of £10,000 pxa. 
(6 months review), 4 weeks holiday, yearly bonus, season ticket loan, 
LV.'s and the chance to join our lively team. 

Interested? Then why not phone for bnmeiflate appointment, 

01 229 9181 ref: MC. 

£9,000 very neg 

T oin this very xoccessftd publishing house as secre- 
J “ry «o *eir sales executives and be responsible for 
all office admin. There are cxccQem promotion pros- 
pects, maybe to move so x nooaecretarial role in time 
oooc you've proved jour north. 100/50 skills needed. 

to £8,500 

T mo this world famous company known for their 
J besotiful works of ait. Ye have three vacancies 
for well educated young secretaries to jam their fanii- 
tore and modem art dcpsnraeno- You should have 
90/50 skiDs, an interest k dx arts and ideally «"■ 
com me rc ia l expe rien ce although college leavers will 
also be considered. Hrese 01 248 3511. 

* Elizabeth Hunt * 

V - toauimantCbwdtanls / 

\v 2-3 Beclbid Sheet London WC2' YY 

TT HTiT T g? 


£9,000 UP TO £10^000 

SH/Sec to Dncior of a group Sac to Asst Co. Sec. dealing witfr 
wpeneng a Juraor Sec Someone Pasomef comracts & legd natters 
Mth good sUls ten en|oys for toe Gram Someone mature 
onpnsng.sdm]& rang their dm tett fast acorn typsn. au£io & 
maabve. Subs, tostsnnt & HP exp. ft taghty tcrttoSmal post 

nwawe. Subs, rasfannt 
towny Co. 

Can 01 499 $406 

ft WP expi ft Vighfy cowenbal p 
Mb an adenong Co. 

Cal 01 499 4878 


33 St Georae St 
London WI 



eJEl 2,000 + M/6 

*A dynamic American is 
looking for a German Wn- 
ok PA to assist Nm In 
setting up a new tiadng de- 
partment wtfwi a leafing 
US Investment Bank. 

He wifi , rely on you to pro- 
vide full secretarial support 
involving considerable chert 
contort, so one otter Euro- 
pean language would be 

advantageous. You will need 
to be a resilient self-starter 
vriftexceUent organisational 

skEs and toe potential to 
pm with the dapartmiBrtas 
it expands. 

Age: mat 20*s$kffls: 100/60 


726 8491 


■ YlfflHBf Of 12*)»; 

The Jot A uteer sWl PA/ 
Sec to dynamic Makefing Dr. 
Demanding + involved in per- 
sonnel. production wort, 
month* reporting. Liaison at 
aU levels. 

Yetc Strong, organised. 8ax- 
we. calm, tote on Wafa*. 
Age 24+. State 100/50 
+ WP. ^ 

01-408 0424 



Pleaty of fans n targe ftm 
of Biotas tor a young PA 
113-21} wtobng Wrf «- 
voiwiBMt and vasty A 
nwcaow personality »■’ 

unite as dealing mth 
uupwanr ctoots. 90/80 
wgre. Cat «war esstnta. 


IT you want prospec t s 
and pleasure in your job 
then assist the negod- 
atom and lawn tha ropes. 
Witt patience you can 
get om of secrataial but 
only with good taffls in 
sli oit lwn d and auto. 

Knowledge off German? 
(or Scandinavian language) 
c£ 10,500 . 

Then join toe exdtmg worid of Banking 8 put your 
language skfils to good tee as you taka on the 
manly a dmin ist ra t i ve role (80 wpm Engfish short- 
hand ess&dial). No dockwatchos. CaB 5165 881 

SEddkton Jeffers 


To wwk tor a Partner and hie busy, friendly team h targe, 
attractive offi ce s in Camden Town. 

Accurate efdto H 00/50) energa dc. oupoing pa nu na9» «s 
BBsertW tor ttfe variadwisitton kwoMng ctont contact 
Tramfng wB to given on PhBIps WP. Starthig satay c£9/)00 
+ UVs, 

PIMM write with C.V. 9 k 

Partnerwhlp Secretary 
77 Parkway 
Camden Town L 
London NW1 7PU 

or te l ep ho ne Nicky <M*» on 01-485 4181 

^ f-.-al. - r ininMerine 


£10,500 > 

A faman name fabric end textile company breed in 
the hem of W1 seeks x icur ea r y to a senior 

executive. Your role will be very varied, inchidiiig the 
or ganism i nn of University rccnanncnt esmpngns . 
Modem offices, subsidised land] and exodkot social 
55 wpm audio ability. 


V oin this world famous fariuoo hotae as secretary to 
I their managi ng duecior. You'll enjoy a great deal 
of client contact and your own aren of reapoo^hy. 
Benefia include s ubsidis ed lanmiB and dac xmn ts 
on zbdr be au t i ful clothes. 90/50 skills needed. Please 
telephone 01 248 353L 

• Elizabeth Hunt • 

v feaufenontConsutonts / 

BQrasvenor Street London WI Yf 


Bnjcy a super team at mos p here and uWsa your exe 
Sec/WP experience. Exceitem perks and free lunch! 

Call Ji&e, Hfistpres%e (Rec Cons) 408-1117 




Need dteerfid 



Get involved 
super offices 
excelleflt perks! 
£11300 pa 
+ £5 LVs 

01 370 5066 

Onto i— etont functions 
K top spoiling avems 
and deal with Caribbean 
Trwel and French Cos- 
metic accounts. The 
esetomam of this post 
can only be outkned by 
m iwnadbte imerview. 
with Kate Lamont Wkh 
good typing. caO now. 

£10,500 + 

wa be organised tor you 
when you assist the MO 
at this unusual exciting 
advertising agency. Ex- 
c e to m prospects and 
management duties. 
With good S/H and typ- 
ing. cal Lynn Lart for 
more atra ssrii m datais. 


Earn a Oty sabre in Souto 
East Lundoa Tbe Owf 
Executive of z satiaavride 
mndeduing group is 
dev el oping a corporate 
headquarters « Motto 
KMt HP needs ar-fioBai- 
twe PA to be.liK_iigH 
hand who is wed pre- 
sented. wefi spoken, 
detficated. tlextole. aUels 
cope with a myriad of 
tasks and deal win people 
at aB levels. Skills fOO/BO 

including audio. WP. oc- 

perience an advantage, 

01-606 1611 




Are you a setf stetor etib 
ha g nte l? Two charm- 
ing geitoemen seek a fast 
class PA to leb set up 

and run tor nesy Rnancd 

Services Compay and 
organisa tactic schedules. 
Specific emphasis is 
paced o o a nigh educa- 
tional 'standard " and 
knowledge of P.fL/Maf- 
katmg rotated fields. A 
European ianguge a bene- 
fit State 80/SO. Age 23- 
35. Eweflent package. 
01-806 1611 



£12^)00 to start 

NfawBoes job with this Jeadng Cfty conreay tar j fin* dass R» Sec 
tootang tor nun thro Just a jobTwodmg wkh tha GrpwThancM 
Casrurer mu'! ttaafo a vansty of adnvuesroon and nwat and 
tese wito taring mnmtwa of the legal preftton. ideafiy >ora be it 
your mid 20‘3 wto a yaw's expmnz of wring a board IsnL 
UHfbppattt and capat* ol wxtang to deaSnes togetter wto end- 
lent secrearal skos. 

Jot more Petals please apply with toll CV to Grattan Smth 


93 Chancery Lane WC2A IDT 
- 01 404 4933 


c£ 10,000 

Join tWs ama8 eroanrtng PR company as Senior Secretary/ 
Atto itoto r a nr. Wortdng to a Wgh larval of conHdantetay you 
wa be uang your sxcelent orgaresstionar and sa cre m l a i 
sdcBs to run our busy office. A lot of efient tnvcfvemont 

Send C.V. tog 

Personnel Department 
39-41 Grays Inn Road 
London WC1X 8PP. 


c£l 2,000. 

Fw International Business personaBty. Must be free to 
travel Europe and USA. Pleasant deposition and sense 
of humour a must Knowledge ol French a distinct 

' Please phone Sue on 

01 499 5620. I 


Requires PA/Sales Person for business in Ken- 
sington. Some secretarial duties. Experience in 
Rue Arts preferred. 

Please write encli 
instance to 

l C.V. in first 

X D28. 

eXIOjODO pa 

fwsMius tan* Co setts «*p- 
Jote » w oraro* w> inri 
ton tor M) Good stadand. M- 
imssun Rb. stay o tffiiost 


.01-437 4502 
An Foster Butty 
(re coos) 


I jOWW.WrilHI 

Senior Secretary 

£ 10,000 

Prcst^tous architects' practice seeks 
Senior Secretary to ftrtner and mo 
Associates. This is a high calibre role 
requiring sound administrative and 
organisational ability in addition to some 
‘feel’ for design in preparing brochures 
etc Excellent skills and experience 
essential. Age 23+ 

Team Secretary 


Confident people-skills and a Kvdy 
enthusiastic app roach required by this 
young Kensington-based architect and 
his small team. A busy involving job in a 
cheerful, friendly environment, calling 
for good accurate typing and shorthand. 

Fot further details on both these positions 
please call 01-493 5787. 




IFR Publishing Limited 

leaders in the provision of information to 
the International Financing Markets, 
require a 




to work on the database. Word 

Processing/Compoter experience desirable. 
Flexible attitude and willingness to work as 
part of a friendly team essential. 

Salary: area £10,000 pA 

Contact: Jackie Fisk on 01-247 6575 

£11,000 PACKAGE 

Bored? Viand? want M get away 
Iram ttatxtmwnl rattf? Out ch- 
ert. an menabota Inn to 
Commoddy Bmtas requras an 
ntrevert. fegure irandvd PA to 
onprase unr Mi). Total mrire- 
meo. tart? renew. 

.01-481 2345 

A presagnus tom ot b wa n M 
Biotas reuares a last movng 
See, I s A with good SH /Typing 
spfeds to asset toe Mmagaig Oh 
ted or Organise meetugs 6 
lintwon appaaonents. base 
with chentrie. & deal wto admn. 
& own cnrerannlencs. Very 
good rewards ft bensfas. 

! 01-481 2345 


Ma g bn 

Yoa will enjoy being a 
receptionist in this 
beautifril, refurbished 
property company. 
Some accurate typing 
and Regan switch- 
board (will train), but 
more fa w p n wn i , the 
ability to greet And 
w el come visitors with 
a lovely smite! Age 

of Bond St. 


ht S5.»taWwMRaMW<a| 




K e nsingto n 

' Working for this 
young, fan, well- 
known agency yon will 
need good typing and 
ririmugb shorthand is 
uefal it is not essen- 
tial. You will be 
working for four ac- 
count ex e c uti ves, 
organising ttn4r dia- 
ries and appointments. 
Masses of initiative re- 
quiicd, together with 
good team spirit. Age 
25+. £10,000. 

of Bond SL 


Circa £14,( 

Career opportunity ol a BMme ad PA to MO at In a w n ational 
Broadcasdng Ca^ Total deification, travrt to USA and Europe, mbt 
with ce to b ri oas and hamfie nunarous TeeponsMtes. 


Circa £12,000 

Are you a bom oraanisef. strong, confident witti a zappy sense ot 
humour and an approcMra-m tha craetfca tompwaroart? Ad- 
ventang background and accumte tn*ig plaasal • 


Loacfing tv production On needs a bright, enthusiastic saerstay 
capable of utter organising 3 extramaly busy Producersi 

FILMS Circa £8,000 

Baaudttey nr— ted. bright bubbly, aimarienood rocanUonlat 
with a mature, responsible attitude tar highly successful Rim 
Production Co. Tyfang itwst be accurate. 


Lonaons Leading f?ftcruitm«nl Specialists 
to the Communications aid 
Enttrtainmcnts Industries since 1969 

cnioJflE unci 

damuNG £15,000 + mortgage 

He is head of bond trading at one of Tl« TOP American 
banks. The life he bids is fast, fraious and competitive. 
He needs an energetic secretory with a zest for life, 
excellent state and a sense of fun. Think you can handle 
it? (100/80 stab aid WP exportaice essential. 





Our company ll a mentor of a group ol proparty c o mpaite i 
based In Krignsbridga. We Rave recently seen constowaMa 
growth in the service we otter. 

To assist us, ww now need to appoint a capable office 

if you ere trie person we am looking for, you w9 be young, 
bright confident, of snarl appearance, and be an accurate 
typte/wonl processor. 

in return you cen expect to be rewarded wfth a salary of drea 
£10,000 and the opportunity tor advancement withm the 

To apply, lelepten ABsoa Strain on 01-581 5355. 

£££s ngattaUs (excdkal) 

[Super opportunity for bright 
secretary with min A level 
educarion. To | 0 ln firm ctf head 
hunters. Lots of sdmkt, cfcrtt 
ment wiftai the busmese. Age 

Cali Syfvte Homer on 
01-638 1102 
Of sendCV to : 
Roche Horner, . 

65 London WaB, 
London, EC2M8TU. 





Shorthaid and WP essential. 
Immediate stat 

ac a gzd 

Hod a Personnel needs 
Secreay/Assism m wfy 
20 s wto good shorttand and 
lypmg EanqoppomiMyto 

to m toe contOEm 
wgnpng wortd aid to lean 
soaai and atovn dutaa 





Supcnrcstg SBcretariri backup. 
Personnel adire n s lra tion and ee> 
iMr level lason. Eicefcni torsfits 
rid dscaunt on InUays. 

Please call Jtafa u 
01-488 1117. 
Mistprrslfoe (Rec Cobs). 


TWs prastaoistv totaled torn ol 
Sotattre tfoentty requn a Legal 
Sec Mh exceOara stalls (No Sfil) 
to work on Conunrcal Luabon 
ft mesne out case. If you are 
a ham wto wan a sense ol 
Jumos torn jon toe busy team 
ft reap the bandits ol I Ms irav- 
estog postoft. 

01-481 2345 


Start at £7,500 

This leaefing Estate agency 
bi South Kensington 
teaches its young secretar- 
ies afl about properly 
} negotiating and than pro- 
: motes those who ate ready 
: to progress from the lype- 
j ■writer. YoiiH start with 
■ Jshorthand and typing 
‘ jRustyf45) and from the be- 

! ginning, you'B need a 
driving licence for taking 
one of the conqrany ears to- 
visit properfea. 


An you damwg ft mtedeni wO 
a sense ol Iwmr ft mw 717 Tbe 
presagnu Lesrae Company naed 
an eqwBiced secretary wto 
Short toul/Tfpng sUs used to 
wwtag a tkrerior Lata. Urn 
wH be plenty ol term, ft 
nganstog tor confererew Lots Of 
peris na 5 whs towns. 

.01-481 2345 





TNs very dynamic City 
company hefieves in treat- 
ing its staff wel. Excellent 
working corafiiions indude 
super new offices, a bright 
fively atmosphere and vary 
friendly young people to 
work tor. You w* be work- 
tag alongside two junior 
secretaries organising your 
busy team. SkHs 85/55 and 
an outgoing persona&ty. 
Salary £9,000 plus excel- 
lent bonuses and perks. 



■ Salaries Negotiable. 
Tab Ol 247 0004 - Refc 


■ IS 




required to assist 
management in 
running our 
companies based in 

Please tefevlteK 
01 228 8811 

PA £9,000 

Charming Director of W.l Co. 
seeks mature sec to assist 
organise hs busy day. Attfity 
to work on own Mratnie wth 
sense of ilumour. Octets 499 
9274 Steve MBs (Rec Consj. 

£ 12,000 neg 


TOs team win be a 
major force after Big 
Bang and you as 
assistant to the 
young American and 
.very dynamic 
director wR> enjoy a 
fuH and busy Ufa. i 

Training given on 
foe PC; good 
shorthand plus WP 
required. Mortgage 
lunch, etc. 

Cby 377 8600 j 

W«a End 439 7001 

Secretari es Pluft 

Cbtamuei oo next pm 






Seeks senior partners audio secretary: 
£11,000. Modem offices, busy, brisk, ef- 
ficient and friendly atmosphere in prime 
London West End location. AES WP 
knowledge desired or at least willing- 
ness to team. LVs, 4 weeks holiday. 
Current secretary retiring but willing to 
stay on and leach if desired. 

Send CV to: 

Mrs D. Atkin, 
3rd Floor, 

11 Waterloo Place, 
SW1Y 4AU. 


, We cuiBife ta* * rafliw"®* tor Jgj* 

| PA/See in Baring. You «• rata ttanr Atari- 

taring exp ml a smart appem. Farm pqstan wnriarif 
haw rated In ftawnat Of srtfer the star «ww a flerifeaDOlMOi. 
£9 - £11 joa 


I Priiktaro afrCtaiWOTt»trihoaMS«ft» to «* to c te flitter 

Vice Prrfderi Fteicy « 

is Bsnflta as s prawns tt. lairing np, flood sms (Erag/n *J|a M 


wtTwt day (orartme P*JJ- £1M® flris tanafts. 


Do wu ifriw imta praEtua in a httfc anwonmam Wo an Jnjta^hr 

li U. .Mr Im Ol tun MiM I fUT H TMff t a MO M n OKS 

M. awromant Me 22 yn. £9500 max. 

01-236 5501 

op£n to malejf&iale 


£9,000 + 

Superb prospects if you 
have flair for design. 

[Work as part of a young.) 

dynamic, creative team. 
Become fully involved 
with' clients and Press. 
Typing essential. 

Phone Louise 
01-602 3012 




Fund taring Director is seek- 
ing exp Sec/PA for Ctartjr. 
Must he an organiser, admins- 
trator. tnflartjatrta and wfflhg 
to mude in and yet saw tare. 
Knowledge of maftaflng. ad- 
vertising or PR and arivnafle 
(exc Stf/tYD). 25 ■ 30. Salaiy 
up fo FI 0,000 aae. 

Can Mrs Byzantine 
01 222 5091 

(Qpp ST. James’s Park Tuba) 


Small friendly 
studio requires a 
secretary. Central 
southwest London. 

Contact Sarah on 
01 351 6851 

HUW n« PuctKc Secretary- A 
specializing dentist wonting in 
pMBri Mnroandlnos and con- 
\mtenl W| location noon a 
reliable and efllcciil argudaor 
Mill actirale typing in lake 
overall rnposmtnty and cany 
out mixed dalles. Medical or 
denial experience pr e ferred. 
Tel: Ot 680 4083. 


Young enthusiastic secretary 
is needed for a smaD charity 
based in the Gty. Accurate 
lypeng and wonJ processing 
experience Is reqiirBd. 
Wotting in a young environ- 
ment with good ho&Jays. 
parting salary c.£7.5dG. 
immediate start 



Vtadous PA/Sec, mitf 
20’S, far successful CMr- 

mrn working in luxurious 
summings, involved 
with PR and social func- 
tions. Must, ham good 
ed ucat i o n; tat sidfts 
110/60 and raaly enjoy 

Apply in writing to: 
Deborah Hodgsons, 
131 Middlesex St 
El 7JF. 

Closing date 21st October. 

(BEC CffltSJ 

c£1 0,000 


Based ttelsea 

Ambitious young sec with 
drive and bags of person- 
ality for Marketing 
Director of famous fash- 
ion company. Arrange 
and attend conferences, 
deaf wfth enquiries from 
Press and public. 

Ring Jane 
01-240 5211 

The company is involved 
in marketing high quality 
business furniture, largely 
through design oriented 
specifiers. You will be 
responsible for office ad- 
ministration. research and 
some showroom visiters. 
Salary c£8,50a Age 22+. 

Please call 
01-730 9092 


We mat a sacratay lor our CM- 
drens Pnbtetong Editor. Goad 
Auto typing a* ofpansfflwias 

stake essetari + 1 year’s office 

Good safety, profit Are and 
pension sewnes and 5 «nta 

Please apply In wrong vrtti U 
CV to; 

Jans WBams, 

Pan Books Ltd, 


Many perks. SE1. Spn finish. In- 
vesting «j chaflengng dotes. 

Talachona IQ rif n Mate 
or Sue Goodwright on 

ISA Bor ough Hgb St, 

18-21 Cavaya Place, 
London SW10 9P& 

PERSONAL Secretary brtgM. *©• 

. (Hhle ercrctary aged 18-20 
wfiti good snorttiand and typing 
mnXml tor snull (nanny of- 
nev In tfw Houses of- 
Rartiarrwfit- AtjpHcantt should 
hr wtutng to undercalce 
wordmoccesor tutoring- Salary 
£7.500. ADtrty ill wrtm*B lo:TT*P 
i mtuiy . Commonwpatth Par- 
liamentary Awo dMIW »UK 
BranctiU Wnwttrattr Haii- 
Houko of IWIn w H . London 

Boomed matey jnsfenWy 
witb shorthand and WrJ restate 
for wwttwto womens 
oraansaflofi n PbttScD- 
Coogenal aSnospbara and safety 
of up to tabOO pa. 

■aring ACWW on 
01-634 8635 

01-834 8635 
quoting ref JP 

m TIC NEWS at £10.0001 Hlah- 
arotue Sates Director of leagtng 
WCJ CO. needs PA/Sec with 
S/H and audio lo organlar Ms 

very busy ween. You'll ertw a 
f«l ' rooting MnMhBfPR 
aUimosshece. MoHy Of 
raporoMny and day M dw In- 
voivrmem. Covcni Garden 
Bureau. 1 lO Fleet H- EG« 363 

AUCTION House. W i. renulm a 
good college leaser wnh some 
work c y ericnc* for one ol 
Iheir modem deoartroem*. 
Good secreunal skills and ca- 
pacity lo work under pressure/ 
deadlines. £7.260. Age SO*. 
Bernadette of Bond St 01-028 

CBUOUATE College Leaver Sec- 
retaries • Interviews now for 
exccllem aper dm a In publish- 
ing. Currail AflalT-.- 
Magazlnes. Finance and Bank- 
ing. Estate Agents etc. Good 
tyatng SMBs a man. Covert 
Garden Bureau. 110 Fieri SL 
EG4 365 7696 

rmWIT HoW lit MavMIr re- 
quire Pa lor Chairman with 
good S/H and lymng SWU*. 
poise, able m organ he a busy 
office, and a abmiy lo handle 
people al all irvrfe. Salary 
£10000 * tree lunch. For fur- 
ther dMaus please contact Loo- 
MaUlana on Ol 5BI 3977/2947 
al Jane CrosUiwaile fiecruu 
ronu Consul lani Ltd. 31 
Beauchanip puce. London 

BEAT ihe Bhres £10.000 - motor 
rhan-tooping music company 
seeks sec lo MD He is voung. 
irmly and dsmanwc Your role 
includes PR events, diary, mm- 
ingvrtc plus Iwo weeks per year 
working unin Mm m Ihe South 
ol France Greal operand for 
someone Him good summand/ 
typmq and lively peramality. 
Please id 01-409 1233 TTw 
Work Soap. 

As PA lo Ihe MD ol a nvWor 
company you win organne con- 
lerenres as wetf as provide 
normal werrlarUI hack-up 
Iron your own Plush odtee. 
PomUahlv or travel. Shorthand 
and WP shHh needed Call Sec - 
r runes Plus • The SerreurM 
GomuRante now on 377 S600 
m urn Oiy or 459-7001 in The 
West Cud. 

naiKKUl asMCtalion. (Mhes in- 
clude own correspoodeoee. 
orsuwiBatXWI of ediKmimd. con- 
ferences. seminars etc. press 
Moon and peneral office 
admin. Good audio typing and 
some shot mand requested Apr 
S3* Please leiepnooe oi-doa 

a?ST Gordon Yales 


BETWEEN me Stars £6.000 - lop 

agency Icr TV/fihn/ihrairo 
wars sMkv oTKe hnuor. Super 
lob for %-oung person with iniua- 
tne and some typtng abdJIy. 
West End-based. Benefits in- 
clude luncheon vouchers a 
season ticket loan, mease leke- 
pnoro- - Q 1 -J 93 44 oo 

Memrweather Advfc A. 

ADvnmsma pa/audw. err 

alive learn <31 reoulre rnM 
hand. Slyhsh oinees. uci. in- 
rtudma wlnpbar C 5 XJ 00 neg + 
Bonus. uoMlwaflhrCamOi 
4Q4 4*4& 

LKOAL SEC £8. 500 * perks. Le- 
gal depu ige CO S £1 50 V. 

Hdmm Rusty SH Typaa wpm 
to p I Wanq - wBI x Iralnl Add 21 
* Cali Elaine Ol ©33 4236 


obv admin -w- sec Rusiv SH 
4 . wP eu. Gall Tania 01 625 

PA TO otgahtse office and assl&l 3 
Difpciorslo arrange large social 
fimrtHins nvnina. S/H usefulL 
U-8 23-50 UO.OOO. KEN- 



new mar ronwraie imance. 
French ifieful. gradliaw/A level 
rducanon. Mart sub. dtp. 
ci 0.000 ur Hooohousr Rcc 
Cons Ol 404 4646. 

IBM OMPLAVWamte. legal au 
<b« operaionv - 10 vaeancm 
from CS^OO Cl 0,000 Ring 
577-2666 WordPIUs - The WP 

JUNIOR ASST, with lymng i4C 
♦L Lois Of imoHClnenl BOfl 
Broken Ed Co. 000 1c 
COH 01 938 2151 

MAXKEnHG 6 PiMnUons See 
■Clary to C 8JXXJ 19 a WP * 
audio ess Nr Bond si. lube. Lgc 
CO Can Tanta Ol 625 4226 

kingsland pens CONS. 

SEC W PH. Lge CO. BJacfcirlars 
Tvn/WP i no SH» Many perks. 
A«r 20 + Call Dome Ol 6S3 

SECMTur PelaH co. Sloanr 
64 Tb Cfl OOP 2nd Mb«*. SH 
* WP E-xr perks * prospects. 
20 + can Ta ma Ol 633 422a 

CXECUmC SEARCH £10.000. 
pa/pv wSeroor Psrfner preNf-’ 
glow linn « headhuiders. ' 
Avkhi In all aspects ot his day. 
handle mn Oden rial UUo and 
keep abreast of CUV move- 
merit. Call Hodge Rcenaunenl 
on 629 8863 

£14.000 RMpofiRble 

PA/ Admin, capable of working 
on own Inthauve lor smaU luUd- 
Inos company Good oi/typ 
skills, would sufl person lave 
20% • early 30%. For further de- 
Luto please contact Lu» 
MalllandanOl 581 2977/2947 
ai jane Oosuiwaue Recruit- 
mert Consuttams IW. 21 
Braucnamn Place Umdon . 

HCNSBMTOM £10.000 Join IMs 
lop firm of architect famous 
lor Utetr head turrang designs, 
as secretary lo a partner loo/ 
60 sktlb needed but this M defi- 
nitely much more man a 
secretarial role where your 
sound orgamsatkmal skills win 
be used to ihe fu«. Please tele- 
phone Ol 940 SSI 1/3631 
■ toes! End I or Ol 240 5S51 
iCIlVk Dir abet h Hunt Retrutt- 
metil Consul lams. 

MOVPU UP? Young eecretarv 
win lind all ihe sbroulatinq in- 
gredpnfs of a career 
opportunity working In IMs Ini 
Marketing Service OWCP a I 
oranunem KnMhtsbndoe Co 
Will -smsl sports spomorshhn 
PR advertlHiW and exWbftKKVs 
Good short hand/typinfl and 
general orgamdnor pfua trmef 
arrangements. Around £ 
na iringe bm Joyce Cumos 
Ol 589 8807/0010 «Rec Cons). 


C8.O0O ♦ benrfltt. Preanpous 
Ins! posmon (or an mlrlltgml 
secretin- » amfsl in the vice 
President* office of a renowned 
inlis n ational company. Cab 

Hodor Recrunmenl on 629 

MARKCTMa f SALES Director of 
major company in W2 nee d s a 
srcrelarv imd 20% Mu* wtfh a 
bright telephone manner and 
shorthand + WP £9.000. Call 
377. 8600 < City) OT *39 7001 
■Wi-sl Cndi Secretaries Pius - 
The Secretarial Consultant. 

ADVERtlSme £1 1.500 tot. Mb 
for 4 lop PA In ub* irwBng 
WiKJ*. Good skUfc and rele- 
vain o-annence rrqwsel 
Mature professional approach 
essential Please lei 01-409 
1232 The work Shop. 

CCNMAN Bl linquai Sec Mktg *M 
lor w 1 fry translations, exhibi- 
tion and travel abroad SHpcef 
* gd lywng lor into superb pom- 
mmi ©alary 09.500+ 23+. LMfc 
Laiejuagc Aapamimento 8*© 

MATFAR Secretarial and ruing 

work. General assistance, prob- 
awv vuu mill 20%. ExpertetKe 
tcquiicd Onuimc, active of 
lire. Good salary and benefits. 
Ring Ol 629 2731. Ask lor 
L C. 

PVBUSMNM CoHroe leaser sec- 
C7.000 Editorial three IOC WC3 
seeks brtgM capable Colicge 
Irvnrr or wnnd jobber lo be- 
come- full PA inrt haisinn with 
autnois DefaiK 499 927* swse 
Milh iRrc Com) 

YOUNG metr rrcrpnonni needed 
lor small suc c eWul fun emuna- 
nv m KniontsbrHge You nerd 
lo he rtv-crfuL intelltgem and 
have a good lebuhone manner. 
C6.7SO nea. caU JTL Rtc Coro 
Cl BSO 7181. 

MESS *dnunnirator/Sec. 60s. 
artnan and prem Itmon. S/H or 
audio tot r ctaooo. Alnus 
Personnel 439 27TT 

PR Suaerti ooo lo nn PR Go. 
Plow hair WP/AWIM tj-puw 
£9.000 Flair Recrulimem 938 

SEC Kenainman.-wlU pcccrl 2nd 
mbocr-. Trendy archllerts bu- 
peib social perks. C8.500 neg. 
Flair Rocrulimnil 958 2222. 

SEC/PA £13.000 + Perks CHy 
Bank Gernian/Eng ai M D. lev . 
ri Musi have SH in bol h tang s- 
Flair Rnmuiniml 938 2223- 

SKCRETARIKS lor Archit ects A 
Dnqnnv Peituanenl * lempo- 
iarv positions A MS A Soeoaust 
Her cm tv of 734 OS» 

SNONTHAlB Srcrrtaiy Cl 2.000 
plus mortgage Age 18-26 wnh 
-A' ms eh. Tel Ol 248 6666 
Centre Girl EmP Apy 

nv. Cltv. seeks college leaver" 
who can drive, take the occa- 
sional shorthand letter, type 
accurately and run the show 
when he% away. Age 19+. 
c £8.000 Bernadetle of Bond 
SI. 01-629 1204. 

■Witte Secretary 4B-SO to 
£92W Maybe you are return 
I no lo work or looking lor a 
Fmal career move- Then Wn 
this leading medical federation 
as secretary lo a dental surgeon. 
80/50 sums needed. Please lele- 
phone Ol 240 351 1/3631 
(Wert End) or Ol 240 3051 
idly*. Eiuabeth Ham ReervM 

Join this very worthwhile hov- 
pIMI funding appeal as 
secretary to their Appeals Di- 
rector You should enjoy being 
busy and be keen lo accept re- 
sporamnty. 100/60 skills 
needed. Please telephone Ol 
240 3511/3831 fWesi End) or 
01 2*0 3551 ( City I. Elizabeth 
Hunt Recruitment Consultant*. 

PREFER KnkthNbfMgr? Then 
lake IMs opportuiuly to torn 
famous drinks co. looking after 
Ihefr IK ooerallon. You need 
accurate typing (some nguresi 
pref kn ISM »y«ir 36 (win 
cross l ram i veiMipriMd 
around 20%s»4>er young crowd 
c £9.000 plus ewetlenl Irtnge 
beneftls. Joyce Culness Ol 689 
8807/0010 fR*C Corel. 

M PUIS for a brtgM college Mac - 
er with accurate sh u i ma nd ui 
Ihe CUv. Working In the hectic 
PR deoi you'll handle Press re- 
leases. corresponaance and 
become tnrty mvolsed as part 
of uic PR team. 1A20O to vurt 
plus endless benefits. Please 
conlact Graham Smith. Fleet 
Personnel (Rec Consj 404 4933 
<24 hours) 

neg. This influential marketing 

orientated company Is seeking a 
RtmbonM who has the scope 
to beco m e folly involved in 
rorapany activities. You win 
nave the opp to bum with 
protect admin and so much 
more. T-pnf at 46 wpro rea d. 
Synergy, the recruitment CM- 
suHancy. Ol 637 9633. 

FOOD* Whw C7.S00 - young sec 

sought M o»"*orid longev 
ubtsshed (hruno rlub Your rote 
■nrludrv membership liaison. 
o>ofdi Italian- of outings/trlps- 
rlc and orgaimallon ol chanty 
lunruoiTY Com education plus 
shorthand /typing reouesled. 
Pfeaso Ipfephonn 01-493 5787 
Gordon Vales ConsuUancy. 

FRENCH a ungual Markenng 
Secretary wvfM by French 
Company in Croyden. Will con 
sfdrt eoltege leavers or more 
espet K-nced persons wtui SH m 
mgush. llumt french and an 
outgoing personality. Good 
Prospects. Ulan.' 10 C8JOOO. Tel 
Ol 839 3365 CLC Language 
services & Go. 


C750n neg Join Urn Kensing- 
ton b&rd rtwruy and run I heir 
busy rercpfwn area. Pm wen 
swiimgaard experience and -*o 
uum lypim needed Please tete- 
phone 01 240 3511/3551 
•Wed Elldl or Ol 240 3661 
i C1 tv*. Euabrlh Hum RrcruU- 
nrml Consullantv 
/Pfopeny/K+es sko dart-up 
ronuHinr, need Office- Mana- 
grr/sevrelao' W lake Charge, 
rim rim UWng and short- 
hand. some book keeping Wig- 
nk-nre. Slim- nir» £10.000 
pa Ring dan- l l en n ewy 937 
3SOO. Fit-all me potmblc. 

NHJNG. Eng/DuKh sec. City 
Bank LiUk- SH. superb bok. 
CIOOOO + mongage perks. 
Flair RPfTUHmenl 956 2222. 

FASHION smmr ver for Exhibl- 
lion Co 80/60 A language*. I 
vr ew C8.2S0 >nackaqeL Cab 
Nafalhi TED Agy ol 736 9887. 

nntel A N Sneaking u lingual sec 
£9-500 Fcllhknv . MUJdlx tn- 
«» hl» s/hano DJ 004 *894 
Cam-lout +»'. 

OERMAN speaking sec .(or ECS 
rinaiue Croup S/H £10.500 
* kn uenef its. Alexis Personnel 
439 2777 

Mm feature 

c£1 8,000 

Fantastic owwfturtty to 
sat up m* offices ot 
young, famous Estate 
Agents. Vaitay. mriro- 
nwit ail gteiw MWflfl 
to a PA seeking a asm 
advancement. Good 

00 , 4011 

CpoWkum Seodri Ue 3Js tar 
bad o< deowiart. taar. tenos- 

On Ca 

Cl 0)000 

ammse n tas hurew 1 aaxwaae n 
nrao » KBe»roo<»wn t *"3 
Mil b» T*n Ol Wr ad Lots 13 
huiTMun Co HCi. 


Sony 580/535 Mr paaa Nowat- 

rant Paetm Co W1 CmdBDttMl 


tun m BHKdMB tbs «er 

Rame 73t 370 «v 437 M78 
Rec Cos 
03 toted Strait 

Miller McNis* 



Ideri w atrily to «rt for 2 
mm partnaa n a retarad NM- 
romwnL Stmitating port with 

tag*) rewTOs for the ngM oareoal 
Luoiy offices near Hyde Pak. I 

Miss Westmacott 
on 01-402 2453. 


dirtvefnasuroulaling. wii&m- 
iNddna nt. rai wfl enfoy 
framog ihe Rmonnel Depart- 
ment of wed known company 
in Oroiral Loudon. You wHI be 
invoiced Id Ennlkr and Sec- 
retarial RecnatmeflL ttahtng 
wim ramynm *1 an Imb. 

ftviiBv aocytrera wtth a gt i af 

variety of duties. Ehomiand 
and/or audio. ZS+-. c£IO.OOO. 
Phone 683-1034 Mi rvdini SenH 

secretary! City based trader 
dealing with E. Europe requires 

brtghl articuuae tec wfdt good 
sUBs. 6 mnths nip exp. £8Joa 
Merrow Erao Agy fthe Lan- 
guage SpertalteH) 636-1487. 

MABKETBW PA. Fhranl French. 
Director level. For bin Co. 
90/60. £10000 + Co car. Call 
(•fauna TED Agy Ol 736 9837. 

£9.000+ Join this smaU trade 
association baud in SWl and 
ntov e into rxecullv e admbttstra - 
(Ion. Entty a rafronsal 
secreunal cotjiertaayousei up 
rxftthitiotvsand confemwes and 
hand lead arms of pubhetty . 60 
wpm audio ablHly needed and 
an - A" level educauon. Gradu- 
ate college leavers considered; 
Please telephone Ol 240 351 1/ 
3531 (west End> or Ol 240 
asst fGtyt. Elisabeth Hurf Rp. 
cruument GmsuRants. 

STAFF Admli,(stratoc/PA 27- 
Sotsn. This to perfect for 
personnel orientated Person u> 
art (ororeop within City Adver- 
tising CO. in staff lec t - uHi iieiri 

appomunents conuacto wen are 
nil ml gfnfni asMuncf to Co, 
Sec. Methodical full of Wltaine 
and personal - confidence. No 
shorthand, good typing but not 
used much, t Cl 1.000 pa plus 
Christmas bonus and bowfNs. 
Joyce Guineas Ol S89 
8807/0010 i Rec Corev 

YCNJM8 SEC. pas co fl egs foavra- 
with turn rated A level In so- 
met! and professional outlook 
wm rind [he non I niche wast- 
ing doctor leading sctepiHic 
■HMsory comrofflees. Short- 
hand typing needs to be good. 
Will be trained on WP. Friendly 
group. Some socialising. 
CC7.&00 aaC Joyce CummOl 
689 8807/0010 >nt< ConsJ. 

nGEFimrorr 20 % for new re- 
replmR area of def%e>uul 
Kni«hlsbrtd9e Inf. Co. wilt be lo- 
cal potol 01 busy office 
welcoming and directing visi- 
tors home and abroad. Simple 
switch Pin letex and (ax. Sur- 
rounded by voung team 
managing campaign and mar- 
keting programmes. c/SJOO 
fringe bens Jovce Gikness 01 
689 8807/0010 iRec Com). 

OtSCOUHTW Dtscoums) - great 
luite 1MM4T. company seeks 
young, reliable audio sec for 
irvrtv personnel dept They run 
West End restaurants In addi- 
tion lo interests m lratef. wme 
Cte Lots of tun Oodles of dto- 
roimls Arc urate audio 
•men Hal. Aw- 18-93. Salary 
€8.900 phis oenHlis Pfeosr Ui 
01-409 1232 The Work Shop- 

ADIteH FA 35*- No Shorthand, 
sane audio and pref kn WP 
•win rrosa If aim Working with 
top Exec of large City based ad 
\MKinq group . Ail aspects of 
ca proredunrs and personnel 
Win be a shared responrabHIty 
invoking lop level decRioM 
c CIO.OOO Joyce Guinns Ol 
689 8877/0010 1 ftps Cons) 
FASHION Admin C&500 • superb 
opening lor a stid-iobber tee ui 
IMs nwh profile fashion compa- 
ny As Prrvonnrt sec you will 
look jIkt training. 1 or ancles 
and general admin in theu- West 
did HO. No shorthand. Good 
typing evsenUal. Age 20+ - 
Please rail 0J-4O9 123B The 
work snoo 

AS KIN Shorthand secretary mo- 
tor rtiartning Director in •M2. 
Own orticr. Lp'io £10.000. S 
weeks hob ACP Ref COna 01 
038 8P87/0680 

AftABW/EnqtHh translator re- 
quired lor new pan! with Cm 
to Evfriuni saury negotiable 
01 859 3366 CLC Languagr 
Srrvircs & Go. 

81 'UNGUAL Frenrh. Age 21 + 
and hiiunem frenrh wf ih. french 
and mqtoti stti will br you rfi- 
tree Into Ihr nqslmha world 
of Swp* Banung Tel 629 9323 
CLERK TV Dllt C7.500 Phil IhOfl 
goqr in penonnei dept of Ctb' 
bank. IT Jevrl EnpUsn and 
Mains etoonlial Tel 01 2*8 
60 56 Centre Girl trap Agy 
us to wort: lor. ronunmodUie* 
Iradetv Sun college leaver with 
good vn/trplRg tUfe- c£8-60O 
TefRJ HIT Cbhs Ol 4936446 

cmr Merchant Bank Lively sec 
tot Marketing department. S/H. 
£10.500 4 trio. Alehto person, 
rai 439 2777 - 

Law Report October 13 1986 


WHF.Ttf VTiTT ATC'imT^ “ 

*> btoo5lt‘imy (4l''-J " 14 

Judge erred over 

In re M (a Minor) • 

Before Lord Justice GBdewril 
and Sir David Cairns - 
[Judgment given October 71 

A decision riot die natwal 

parents of a young child were 
not unreasonable in withhold- 
ing their consent to heradoption 
because they had agreed to 
prospective adoptive parents 
having custodianship ofherwas 
wrong in law. It followed that a 
custodianship order made' 
under the provisions of Part IT 
of the Children Act 1975 (in 
force since December 1985) 
could not lawfully have been 

The Court of Appeal-so held 
in allowing an appeal tv the 
applicant raster parents from 
the decision of Judge. Bush, at 

unreasonable. The 
lather's attitude, he found, was 
-that foster parents of normal 
intelligence and maturity should 
fed happy to have a custodian- 
ship order and that it would 
suffice to secure the chucTs 
welfare without causing un- 
necessary distress to the natural 

That attitude, the judge ron- 
duded. was “within the ambit ot 
a reasonable parent” and pre* 

d tided him from dispensing 
with consent. With greater diffi- 
culty the judge came to the same 
conduaon in respect of the 

It was dear that the judge had 

fallen into error. By finding that 
the consent of the natural 
parents should not be dispensed 
with he thereby removed the 
basis OQ which section 37 could 
operate. He therefore had no 
power to make the custodian- 
ship order. ' 

What then followed? Both for 
the applicants and for the local 
aathomy it was argued that the 
Court of Appeal should decide 
for itsdf the issue of whether the 
consent ofthe natural parents be 
dispensed with, that the court 
should indicate whether - it 
considered adoption or 
custodianship to be the more 
appropriate order and that it 
should then remit the cas e h> th e 

county court to make the proper 

order after the applicants had 
been beard. 

The natural parents argued 
that the issue concerning con- 
sent was unaffected by the 
judge's error; consent, it was 
said, was a matter of discretion 
for the judge and thus the 
appellate court should not inter- 
fere unless, within the ambit of 
GvG 01985] 1 WLR 647), the 
judge was dearly wrong. 

dearly the judge had no 
power to make the custodian- 
ship order. His decision not to 
Hicppncp with - the natural 
parents* consent to adoption 
had ri? p f TMted on the view that 
he did have power to make the 
custodianship order. It followed 
that the judge’s decision regard- 
ing consent was based on an 
erro n eous view ofthe law. Thus 
the court was free to reconsider 
that decision. 

The proper test to decide 
whether the withholding of con- 
sent was unreasonable had been 
referred to in a number of 
decided cases. 

Here the natural parents were 
not capable of caring for the 
child — they agreed about that. 
They had made it clear that they 
did not envisage a custodian- 
ship order being revoked or 
their applying for access. The 
child had had no contact with 
the natural parents as such. She 
had no recollection of them. 

How far, if at aD. was the 
prospect that a custodianship 
order could be made as an 
alternative to adoption relevant 
to the court's consideration of 
whether consent should be dis- 
pensed with? 

At one stage, his- Lordship 
said that he considered that it 
was not relevant az all. That was 
wrong. But these applicants had 
not applied for custodianship. 

Although in theory section 37 
envisaged the possibility of a 
custodianshi p order being made 
even though applicants did not 
wish it, in practicea court would 
be unlikely to make such an 
order against the applicants' 

Thai would not be in the 
child's interest. Custodianship 
was only relevant in considering 
the consent issue subject to the 
caveat that prospective adopters 
might or might not decide that 
ft rotrvtiankhi p was flit acceptable 

On the instant facts the case 
for saying that the natural 
parents' consent to adoption 

Huddersfield County Coon on 
August S, 1986, rcrosing their 
application to adopt their foster 

application to adopt their foster 
child but giving item the 
custodianship of her. 

Mr Roger M. Thomas for the 
applicants; Mr Martin J.. Wood 
for the natural parents; Mr D. 
Peter Hunt for the local 
authority, Kirklees Metropoli- 
tan District CoondL 

said that the applicants, the 
prospective adoptive parents, 
appealed against Judge Bush's 
decision that the consent of die 
natural parents to the adoption 
of their daughter aged three 
would not be dispensed with 
under section 12 ofthe Children 
Act 1975 and that a custodian- 
ship order under Part 11 of the 
Act be made vesting the legal 
custody of the child in the 

The applicants, after one 
year's fostering of the child with 
the support of the local 
authority, bad applied to the 
county court -to adopt her. The 

natural parents had refused to 
give their consent to the adop- 

Until December 1985 if natu- 
ral parents did not consent to an 
adoption ratter being made, the 
question whether their consent 
could be dispensed with was 
normally the main issue that a 
court had to decide. 

However, there then came 
imo force Part II of the Act 
introducing the concept of 
custodianship into the law. Sec- 
tion 33 dealt with the malting of 
custodianship orders. 

These applicants could have 
applied under section 33 for 
custodianship. They bad not 
done so. They sought an adop- 
tion order. 

But section 37 made pro- 
vision for a court hearing an 
application for adoption or 
guardianship to make a 
cust odianshi p order instead. It 
was by that route that Judge 
Best came to make the order in 
favour of the applicants for 
r uyipriianship with 00 access 
granted to the natural parents. 

It was . a pre-requisite of 
section 37 that the requirements 
of section 12 were satisfied: thus 
section 37 could only come into 
play if either the namral parents 
consented to adoption or if the 
court decided that their consent 
should be dispensed with. 

In foe instant case the judge 
held that the natural parents' 
refusal to consent to adoption 
was not unreasonable so that 
there were no valid grounds for 
dispensing with it. 

The effect of a c u stod i a n ship 
order was to vest in the custodi- 
ans tiie powers and impose on 
them the duties that would be 
those of a parent granted cus- 
tody following divorce. 

It differed from adoption in a 
number of ways: it ter min a ted 
when the child attained 18; 
before that time it might be 
revoked; it entitled the natural 
parents during its existence to 
apply for access to the child. So, 
unlike adoption it did not break 
the ties between child and 
natural parent 

Indeed a reason for hs in- 
troduction was to deal with 
cases where for the foreseeable 
future the custodian should 
bring up a child with the 
possibility of any future resump- 
tion of the bond between the 
child and the natural parent 
being preserved. • 

The disadvantages of 
custodianship were that it in- 
evftahly resulted in a lesser tie 
between child and custodian 
than did adoption. The break 
with the natural parents was not 

Judge Bush held that the 
natural parents' refusal to give 
consent to adoption was not 

should be dispensed with was 
very strong indeed. The views of 
the applicants as to custodian- 
ship were not known: they had 
not been heard. That matter 
could not weigh heavily. 

The custodianship order 
should be set aside and a 
direction given that the consent 
of the natural parents to adop- 
tion had been unreasonably 
withheld. The matter should 
thus be remitted to the judge to 
deride whether an adoption 
order should be made. 

Sir David Cairns gave a 
concurring judgment. 

Solicitors: Ralph C Yabkm, 
Temple-Milnes & Carr. Brad- 
ford; Fowler & Crossley, 
Huddersfield; Mr Michael 
Vause, Huddersfield. 

Partners’ removal costs 
not tax deductible 

MacKinlay (Inspector of 
Taxes) v Arthur Young 
McClelland Moores & Co 

Before Mr Justice*/ melon 
[Judgment given July 31] 

Contributions by a laige pro- 
fessional partnership towards 
the domestic removal expenses 
of its partners who were re- 
quired to relocate their place of 
work were not deductible in 
computing the taxable profits of 
the partnoship. 

Mr Justice V melon so held in 
a reserved judgment in the 
Chancery Division allowing an 
appeal by the Crown from a 
derision of the special commis- 
sioners that expenditure of 
&L568 in respect of two partners 
made by the partnership, Arthur 
Young McClelland Moores & 
Co, was an allowable deduction 
for its accounting period ending 
April 1980. 

Mr Alan Moses for the 
Crown; Mr Andrew Park, QC 
for the partnership. 

said that the policy of the 
partnership, a firm of chartered - 
accountants with offices 
throughout the country, was to 
assist with removal expenses of 
partners and employees it re- 
quired to move from one office 
to another. 

The commissioners held that 
the £8.568 provided “no scin- 
tilla of personal benefit" to the 
two partners and was incurred 
by the partnership wholly and 
exclusively for the purposes of 
its profession. 


They had. however, directed 
iheir -minds to the wrong ques- 
tion. The-purpose of the partner- 
ship in making the payment was 
not in doubt: indeed the Crown 
accepted that such payments 
when made to its employees 
who were required to move were 
. tax deductible. 

The question was whether 
expenditure which would not 
have been deductible if incurred 
by an individual trader was 
deductible if incurred by part- 
ners in pursuance of a policy 
designed to advance the in- 
terests of the firm. 

The argument for the partner' 

ship was that in the case of a 
large partnership the interests of 
the partners could be severed 
from their personal interests 
and that a benefit to a partner 
resulting from expenditure in 
curred in pursuance of partner 
ship policy could be regarded as 
incidental to the achievement of 
that purpose even though in the 
case of a sole trader it could not. 

That argument was unaccept- 
able. Decided authorities did 
not support the proposition that 
expenditure that in the case of 
an individual trader would fall 
to be treated as serving a dual 
purpose, could in the case of a 
large partnership be treated as 
incurred wholly and exclusively 
for the benefit of the firm as a 
separate entity, the personal 
benefit of an individual partner 
being treated as a mere in- 
cidental effect of the expen 

Solicitors: Solicitor of Inland 
Revenue: McKenna & Co. 

Horse with its tail np: Toweriands Anglezarke with Pyrah 

The right course 
for Pyrah’s 
veteran horse 

By Jenny MacArthor 

Malcolm Pyrah finished the 
Horse of the Year Show at 
Wembley on the same trium- 
phant note with which he began 
when he and Toweriands 
Anglezarke won Saturday 
night’s Everest Double Glazing 
Grand Prix for the second time 
in three yeats. The pair, the only 
ones to go dear in the final 
jump-ofu relegated John 
Whitaker and Milton, his Cal- 
gary Grand Prix winner, to 
second place and Nick Skelton 
on Raffles Airbaumeio third. 

It is remarkable how often 
these three riders, who were in 
the team who won the silver 
medal at this year's world 
championships, finish among 

the letters, particularly over the 
demanding courses of a grand 

In fact Pyrah, who started the 
show in a blaze of publicity over 
the £16,000 Range Rover he 
[intimately laid claim to after 

the British team on next 
month's North American tour, 
ended by being well satisfied 
with his week, Geoff Biilington 
thought no less of his. Having 
already won the Foxhunter and 
Grade C championships on tus 
10-year-old Edisford Bridge, he 
finished in style on Satmtfay by 
taking the Country Life Cup on 
Tony Crofts' JR. a lO-ycar^old 
gelding by the Cleveland Bay 
stallion Mulgrave Supreme, 
originally bought for his-owner 
to hunt. 

Nine out of the 13 big 
international classes fell to Irish- 
bred horses — the most emotive 
win being John Whitaker’s on 
Ryan's Son in the Lombard 
Silver Spur. The old horse. 

showirm scant regard for his 18 
years, finished nearly three sec- 
onds ahead of the runners-up, 
Jeff McVean on Furst Z. 

While Wembley can look 
forward to seeing Ryan’s Son in 
action again — he will only be 
retired when he stops enjoying 

winning Monday’s Raffles Clas- 
sic; said he still thought of that 
opening competition as being 
his “grand prix”. He had won 
the car after an appeal to the 
organizers and that, together 
with the £3,000 first prize, 
netted him more than four times 
the amount he won on Saturday. 

retired when he stops emoying 
his jumping — two great horses 
took their final bow this week. 

Bui money aside, Pyrah was 
delighted at the way his 
magnificant 14-year-old gelding 
had negotiated Saturday’s diffi- 
cult jump-off course designed by 
Alan Oliver. His Irish gelding's 
habit of jumping to the right 
gave him some vital extra room 
for the tricky distance coming 
into the last upright fence which 

caught out four of the other five 
inthe jump-off— Skelton, West 
Germany's Paul Schockemoble 
on Deisier. David Broome on 
Phoenix Park (the latter just 
touched it but the pole fell) and 
Janet Hunter on Li snam arrow, 
who hit the last two fences. 

The first was Ginny Lens's 
Priceless, the world, European 
and national three-day event 
champion, who retires to go 

The second was Keith 
Lux ford's outstanding heavy- 
weight cob Grandstand, who 
won his fourth Wembley 
championship on Saturday. AP 
ter his final lap of honour Ifc the 
floodlit arena his rider, Roger 
Stack, dismounted and led the 
I O-ycar-old gelding from the 
arena as his own tribute to & 
remarkable horse. 

Evanst DouUa Obtain Grand Me t. 
Towarfends Anojazarke (M Pyrah). 00 Oin 
4(156; 2. Next rattan lJ WWtafear% 0 04 kr 
3to51 ; 3, Raffles Airbouma (N Skelton) 0 0 

4 Hi 39.01. Oataom* Retrioiratloft 
pton Hofsonan: 1. J McVean (Au 
nl. 37.06sec 2 

JR (6 

Whitaker, who had four faults 
at an earlier fence, jumped it in 
copybook style on the nine-year- 
old Milton, who appeared to 
float over his fences, he jumped 
them so effortlessly. 

If Pyrah, who competes with 

n). 37.0658c: Z Mata Sin' 
amam w Whtakef), 37.97; 3, San 
Francisco (O Bowan). 38-20. Tartar. 
Woodrow H om oa Pro-Am i,G Farce Ufa 
GBtepie) and Everest Asher IE Edgar) . 
101S7 Brawn Group Nsnonal 21 
Championship: 1,Btua Moon' - '** — *~* 

0 in 37-65:2. Sir Loin (A G 
3l.4i; 3, West End Ewfla fD . 

32-80- Keith Luxiord Csbtln 
Champion: K Uotfanfs Grandstand. He- 
serva; Mountieigti Group's Mr MteMtNc.’ 



No charity in Burrows starts 
the final for defence 
Miss Smith of his title 

By a Correspondent 

By Gordon Allan 

Claire Duchowski of France 
beat the 17-year-a?d London 
schoolgirl. Charity Smith, to 
wm the Perigal Cup at the de 
Beaumont Centre in London on 

The first women's foil com- 
petition on the international 
under-20 circuit the final ofthe 
Perigal Cup ended in an oppor- 
tunist hit. after both fencers had 
thought they hit and stopped to 
chcckwith the electronic scoring 

Miss Smith, of the Salle Paul 
Club, was devastated that vic- 
tory was snatched from her after 
a day of determined fencing. 

However the result, following 
her eighth place at the Bristol 
Open last month, bodes well foi 

Open last month, bodes well for 
the season. 

After a narrow defeat by 
Duchowski in the semi-final. 
Miss Smith's dub-mate. Lucy 
Harris, aged 18. who was in the 
British team at the World Youth 
Championships, claimed third 
place by beating her inter- 
national team mate Claire Allen 
(17). the other defeated semi- 

In turn. Miss AUcn had 
beaten the top under-20 in 
Britain, Amanda Ferguson (19) 
of Ash ton-u nder-Lyme. in the 

RESUL1& 1. C Duchowato (Adnoy-soua- 
Bo«sfc 2. C Smth (Sate Pauife 3.L Hams 
(Sate Paul). 

Nod Burrows, manager of an 
indoor, bowls stadium . at 
Trafford Park, begins the de-'! 
fence of his Liverpool. Victoria 
Superbow! title with a match 
against Robert Hiichen in Man- 
chester today . By beating David - 
Bryant in the final last year 
Burrows became the first crown 
green specialist to win a flat . 
green title. 

If Burrows beau Kitchen he 
plays either David Corkfll or Pat 
Davies, one of the eight women 
competitors. Jeanette Conlan, 
who lost to Bryant in the semi- 
finals last year'after putting out 
Len Higginbotham, David Cut- 
ler and Jim Baker, has * first 
round match with Jack Hodson. 

Bryant, too. faces crown green 
opposition, from Robert - 
Cranshnw. who makes bowls fin* 
a living. Tony Allcock, the 

«mJJ i ! . . 

world indoor champion, plays 
Stephen Rees, runner-up in the 

Stephen Rees, runner-up in the 
Welsh indoor singles. Tne final, 
carnesa first prize of £12^00. If . 
a man wins he has automatic 
entry into the world indoor 
championship iq February.. 

aPo§5?3b£w v 

Was i ttewtatt; B Duncan ».R Cutts R 
Cmnfewv D Brvint Mrs Ji Stew V & 
Mur; Mrs E Ball « TSuKwr WWottV M 
JMuns; Mis U Fjnaw w MM K OM**J : 
Mrs J Contan * J Hoteoft A AteOOkVS 
ftw. G Banfcnv JVMson: OO0«WV 
Mre P Damn; ft HtaDen v N Bwrw&O 
Rawfctt v N fltttai 0 CoofcteRvwraJ 


■u' 4 ’ ‘ _ ,%*• ■ 



c> • 





% :*■ - 

- ■ 

,7» -O , 


jS ; ^ ^ 






England eventually do 

themselves justice 

a fter early difficulties 



England XV., 

— 39 


wing received the ball in space 
until 50 minutes bad iS 
?5®n *t has been well estab- 
lished on this tour that the 
Japanese arc very vulnerable 
On the flan if <; 


view it was a fitting reLdt. Ei ft *■* Under- 

beating Japan at Twickenham SX* 1 ' J* lc j“ n * on to a spilled 
on Saturday by six goalsanda * r? Rose ^ 

nmahv anal - ® tufi full bade sent Ratify 

ght courst 
ran horse 





, 1 -‘ 

* in 




penalties they produced the 
winning margin their support* 
era might have expected, while 
leaving much to scrutinize 
and work on when the selec- 
tors sit down to make their 
critical analysis. 

1 ,y > S l1 Japm .fcd for 
a»mt 40 minutes in this 
match sponsored by Toshiba, 

they were never allowed to 
exert any element of control. 
For a long time England filled 
to do so either and the 
consequence was a set-piece 
dominated game riddled with 
orora, r eflected by the high 
proportion of penalty awards 
to each side: 17 to England, 1 5 
to Japan. 

But two significant features 
finally emerged: England dis- 
covered the capacity to score 
tries after their confidence had 
been bolstered by taking the 
lead nine minutes into the 
second half and they defended 
in depth so well that Japan’s 
late rally, which has become 
something of a hallmark, 
never materialized. How ft 
ile a thing confidence is; for _ 
the preparation no >«mn as 
untried as this England (me 
could be certain of perfor ming 
well until tested in match 
conditions. - 

Richard Hill, their ra p»ain ; 
ascribed their indifferent first 
half to over-eagerness, the 
desire to impress at the slight- 
est opportunity a crowd 
swelled by bright sunshine to 
nearly 20,000, who were at 
once vociferous and im~ 
towandly critical. Nevertheless 
the feet remains that neither 

the way 

By Gerald Davies 

Kutsuld from a long Eneout 
throw and a late defiant charge 
by Hayashi and OnukL But 
the crowd rose to their try 
which came against the run of 
play: unforgrveably, three En- 
gland players, Richards, Rose 
and Bailey, converged on 
Matsuo’s high kick to hallway, 
none of them caught it and 
_ 11Mj j - . — ■- . — — Konishi was away down the 
^ undefended left, twinkling to 
ggandttejead. Suddenly it theline. 

a different game and Rose Joined his line eflfeo 


rising powerfully on 


England rammed home four 
more tries, all but one of them 
coming in the same right-hand 
corner at the south end, which 
allowed Rose to put on a 
remarkable display of goal- 

Rose's kicking and Eng- 
land s domination of the 
iineout — where Bain bridge 
was outstanding — were the 
two bedrocks of England's 
game. The Harlequins full 
back took over after Barnes, 
wbo kicked well out of hand, 
had missed three penalties. 
Rose responded with an 100 
per cent record; if in the future 
he can come close to that 
achievement with consis- 
tency, it wifl mean forgiveness 
of the sort extended to Dusty 
Hare for the occasional defen- 
sive indiscretion. 

The whplc match was typi- 
cally English in its develop- 
ment-, hard-working, short on 

lively but the timing of the 
final pass proved elusive be- 
fore Barnes halfbroke and 
found Rees, who sent Hall to 
the line. Matsuo's two pen- 
alties rave Japan their 12-6 
interval lead before England, 
like an angler playing a fi<h . 
began to reel them in. 

Richards charged down 
Matsuo’s clearance and 
dropped oh the ball for a try; 
Rees was driven over after a 
charge by Moore and then at 
last Salmon’s long hall re- 
leased the explosive Under- 
wood for a hugely-acclaimed 
score. A splendid pick-up by 
Salmon from around his an- 
kles completed the tally, leav- 
ing the selectors to ponder 
amendments to the squad (to 
be announced today) which 
will go to Portugal to train at 
the rad of this month. 

XV: -Rte Hldl. 

'ZZJZilJh mem; nara-woriung, short on 

mumatarfJHowfiag- invention but gratingly long 

tmg confidence is; for all on concentration and sns. ^SS^^MMn^ltertaquKs); 

concentration and sus- 
tained effort. It was embel- 
lished by promising 
performances from Moore, 
the new hooker whose speed 
about the field was always 
evident and whose forwards 
helped him to two scrambled 
heels against the head, and 
Bailey, who scored one try and 
set up the position for two 

Japan's moments were few: 
some neat Iineout work by 
Hayashi and Sakuraba, a 
delightful diagonal cut by 

R J m (Betti. capo O J CMfcatt (Bath). S 

RHt (Not 
JAPAN: S Motel (ToaMba): N 
Taumfetau (Sanyo BwrJc). E Ktete 
(Toyota), S mo (Kobe Steak 5 OnuM 
(Suntor# K Katana (Doateha Unfcmr- 

pon Steen,, s Kudhaira (Wasada Unwv- 
" ' T HqwM (Kobe Steel, capt), M 

Jittery Saracens could 
meet their Waterloo 

By Bryan Stiles 


London Irish 







Maesteg are, in toms of the 
profit and loss account, the 
leading Welsh club ; of the mo- 
menL With this victory by a 
goal, two tries and three pot- 
atoes to a try and fom penalties 
they have won eight of their nine 
games so fir. Swansea, in 
brighter focus than the Llynfi 
Valley dub. are also riding high, 
having lost one and drawn one. 

In Brian Nicholas, Maesteg 
have a coach who, despite their 
present successful start to the 
season, has bis mind set firmly 
on future because that is the 
only way he sees that a dub like 
Maesteg can survive; 

The present winning streak is 
a bonus; he was not aiming for 
success so soon. To confirm his 
point, Maesteg had made nine 
changes, none of them forced on 
them, from the learn which beat 
Pontypool the previous week. 
All the players inthesquad must 
get their turn. 

Moreover, eight of his team 
on Saturday were 21 or under. 
For such a derby as this, it might 
have been thought risky. But 
although leaving things a bit 
late, this young team rewarded 
the coach’s confident in them 
by scoring two tries in the last 
five minutes to give them 

The game had a good opening 
10 minutes and a thrilling spell 
at the end but the hour in 
between was a drawn out, stodgy 
affair. There was poor handli n g, 
badly directed kicks and very 
little that could be described as 
flowing. . , „ . , 

It could have been the faun in 
the delays in the scrums or the 
stow release at ruck and maul; it 
could be that Cornelius and 
Watts were well matched 
against Davies and Scott in the 
Iineout and that such possession 
that emerged, so keenly con- 
tested, put the scrum halves 
under pressure. Whatever the 
reason, neither Lewis for 
Aberavon nor Jones fo r th e 
visitors, apart from a good break 
each, played with any persua- 
sion at stand-off. 

Among a plethora of pen- 
alties, mainly for transgressions 
at tire rucks, three attempts at 
wwi by Alun Davies were 
missed for Maesteg and Lewis 
missed one for the home team. 
When Maesteg were attacking 
Matthews intercepted close to 
his own line for a long run to 
score his side's only try- Patdoe 
and Lewis exchanged a penalty 

each before Mark Jones scored a 

try to put things all square at 
half-time. , 

The second half was even less 
colourful than the firat with 
Lewis kicking three penalties to 
P&idoe's two until Patdoe en- 
livened matters with a scythmg 
run to intercept James's knife 
throw into the iineout to set up 
Thomas for the try. Alun Davies 
burrowed his way through a 
melfe of forwards for tei ay, 
which was converted by rarooe. 

Rentes: M 
JWI8S. N Thom» A 

M Thomas, S Jorte. P Jones 

iSEESF* * 

Bowman. SPKdofc S W -iwwjA 

Dwh N Ewans. H ttotefc p 
(Capt). R ItJiwv. A Dwt#fc P Sena. R 
Lews. N Mabbtb. 

RtaaraatMP flate (France) 


area 14 , wtfc.ia Bagmen* ?LCg« »- . 
- ten* Ottewerra. Mite* 13- SacU eaSfc 
Ami* ift; Oman's Unten^T M; 
GYMS 11. Qtf ct D«ry 8; Gmgannon3S, 

■ Defending an unbeaten run of 
success can be a nerve-racking 
business, as s np p oita s of the 
north London dull Saracens, 
found to fhdr cost cm Saturday. 
The home side were deariy the 
better outfit Their pack were 
. more compact and mobile their 
bodes were, initially at loot, 
more agile and imaginative, but 
when they failed to turn their 
superiority into points, doubts 
and anxieties about preserving 
their record stifled initiative. 

Saracens deserved to win by a 
much wider margin than one try 
and two penalty goals to one 
penalty goal hat they wifl be 
fortunate to achieve even that 
measure of victory in their next 
John Smith's Merit Table B 
matches, against Waterloo and 
Sale, if they perform in such a 
jittery fashion. 

Their sixth victory in a row 
keeps them at the top of the 
merit tables and it looked in the 
first 20 minutes as if they were 
going to overwhelm the Irish, 
who were depleted by repre- 
sentative calls and injuries to 
key players. 

with Keay, their splendid 
captain, directing operations 
well and Howe dominating 
proceedings in the lineouts ana 
mauls Saracens produced some 
delightful attacking moves 
which stretched the visitors’ 
defence to the limit in the 
opening exchanges. Only one 
crunching tackle by the Ireland 
foil back, MacNeilL prevented 
one early try and the lack of 
penetration at a vital moment 

One of die odd thing s about 
the game of ru gb y — and there 
are many — is the total lack of 
s y mpathy between the spec- 
tators and the players. Certainly 
this is the case when England 
play. On Saturday, within five 
minutes of the start, 
were being booed for the tech- 
nical options they took and 
Japan roundly cheered for their 
own derision to ran the ball and 
ran it again. 

Eagtaud rugby players have 
established a tag tradition of 
boring play. The safe, un- 
spectacular option' is chosen 
tfane and time again: the kick for 
the forwards, scarcely ever the ' 
long, spinning pass to those 
fancy fellows on the wing who 
always manage to make their lot 
last for three matches in a row. 
They call it playing to your 

The spectators, at 

Twickenham hate it. They want 
to be thrilled by. speed, by 
intricate p as si ng; by expkMHve- 
.movement Why do they go to 
watch Enghad, : then? Far on 
Saturday their first action was to 
boo England for locking rather 


t .... 

after another sweeping three- 
quarter movement stopped 

Saracens became edgy ai the 
lack of a breakthrough. Rudliog, 
their promising stand-oft began 
to nay on high kicks — badly 
directed at that— msteariof the- 
unite passing which trad set up 
the early chances, and Keay. 
opted tor a tighter, lea 
adventurous approach. 

Tapped penalties were^J*? naming a penalty, and 
spurned for the more mundane second was to cheer the 
consideration of locking fin- 
position. It was a policy that 
produced no points for Saracens 
in the second half and almost let 
in the Irish for two break away 

The Exiles were content to 
contain Saracens with well 
tested spoiling tactics, relying on 
the powerful kicking of 
MacNafl and Kuhn to set up 
their attacks. 

Saracens took the lead with 
two penalty goals by Smith and 
a try by their number eight, 

Adamson, after their stronger 
pack had once again poshed the 
Irish forwards back at a scram, 
this time from five metres out 
just before the intervaL 

MacNeiU kicked a 
goal midway through the 
half; and the Irish sensed they 
bad a chance of snatching more 
points but Saracens were mucb 
too wily for them. 

SCORERS: Smew Try Adamson; 
panaitaK Snrtth (2). London Mate Pan- 

1 Simon 
I Barnes 

Japanese for electing to rmt one. 

It must be fr ustr a t in g for the 
England players: they are only 
trying to win a game of rugby by 
the brat means they can think «£ 
Perhaps it is a shame they can’t 
think of anything more amusing, 
or more effective. But (hey are 
all amateurs, more or Jess, as it 
were, and Dick Greenwood, the 
former England coach, has spo- 
ken with great efoqneace about 
“the amateur's inalienable right 
to play like a pillock.” I think it 
can be said with some fairness 
that this option was exercised 
folly on Saturday. 

The Japanese have been up 
against it on this tow, as they 
will be oil every tour they jnake . 
.here. If is a matter of sizejnod 
weight “We have atlast found 
book 6ft 3ta lodes, but now yoar 
locks are 6ft 8m," Shiggy Kino, 
Japan’s honorary tonr manager, 
said. They cannot win by shov- 
ing; they are therefore con- 

demned for ever to please the 
English crowds by running and 
to provoke English crowds into 
booing their own boys. 

Without weight, the Japanese 
most chuck the ball about. 
Without height, they must use 
wOd. imaginative ploys at the 
Iineout. Without bulk, they must 
tackle like rat traps: to see the 
bulbous Chflooti stopped as if 
running into a small bat solidly 
constructed brick wail was one 
of the afternoon's many 

pleasures. .... 

For it was a fine afternoon of 
rugby, for English supporters. 
The ball was chucked about with 
vigour, there were plenty of 
reasons to abuse their own team, 
the game was approached with 
some e nt erprise by Japan, and 
the underdogs came dose to 
glory. England struggled until 
very late. 

In fact, I propose to expunge 
the last 20 minutes of the matdi 
from my consciousness: . the 
Japanese, with Bair and enter- 
prise, won the. first half and 
more or less held their own in 
the third quarter. Then at last 
England, as a desperate last 
resort, threw the ball about 
themselves, and went whizzing 

Gloucester Morris swings it for Neath 
fall on 

hard times 

By Michael Stevenson 

By Gordon Allan 

Sfllp _ . 


Neath. .. 


. . 

Gloucester -r r — 


Harfemrins . . 




Hancock: D McLagan, L 
ns (rap: King). P wood; B 
Sdan-X nobwts, S Jonas. 
Hinson. J Howe, R 

Smith, M WHams l . 

Rudkng. F Stondmanp 
C Wrrftt, A Keay, M Protean,, 

LONDON KUSH: h MacNeR; M Davidson. 
P O DonnelL H Condon, P Davidson; R 
Kite, A EnW; T Hennesay, O Barringer, D 
McCauley, J OWad. C Marth. B Casey. P 
Byrne, A Mite. 

P Thomas (London) 

Irwin back for Ireland 

By George Ace 

David Irwin, tire Ulster cap- 
tain, is bade in the international 
fray. Irwin, who won the last of 
bis 16 caps against Wales in 
1984, has made a remarkable 
recovery from ligament damage 
to his right knee which sidelined 
him for nearly 12 months. 

The 26-year-old Belfast doc- 
tor was named yesterday in a 30- 
man panel, which has an old 
familiar ring about it, to attend 
squad training at Lansdowne 
Road next weekend in prepara- 
tion for the November I inter 
national against Romania in 

Tony Doyle, the. Leinster 

scrum half and captain, gets in 
ahead of Brady who was imder- 
1 study to Bradley in all of last • 
season’s mternationflls. 

D UsnNian (Cork __ 
non). N Francis 
[Ccvk Con). N 
Matthews (Wands rers), W Sew 
{Garryowsn). P CoMns (Lvstkwnel. 
SpJUane (Bohemians), D Mom 

H MacNsfl 


. P 

T Rlnaland 

Dean (St Wry'S), A ward gWooneS R 

Keyes ( Cock Con). M &wflsy 

A Doyle (foaggonnA Pj forfi 

Htzgaraid (LansdwneL J McCoy 

W Anderson 



• Tight finishes prevailed in 
several of the opening games in 
the Digital Ulster Senior League 
operating on a two tier system 
for the nm time and embodying 
promotion and relegation 
(George Ace writes). 

In section one. BuDymesn 
scored lour' tries m (heir 20-0 
win over* CsBvghm — a 
scoreline that did the old boys of 
Methodist College, Belfast, no 


Malone anti Bangor drew 13- 
13 with the Ulster out-half 
Brown kicking a drop goal in 
injury time from Malone and at 
Hamilton Park, Ards ran in two 
tries in the last 15 minutes to pip 
NIFC 14-12. 

In section two, CIYMS 
gained their first league points 
since defeating Armagh in the 
1984-&S season when they over- 
came Otar of Deny 11*6. 

Queen s University got 
bener of .Armagh 13-12 



38, Japan 12. 

Gtouessw 10, HaHMgns IS Omni, 19. 
Momtey ft warns % Bristol 10. & 
Gostorft is, HsaS^lsy 12; Samara 10. 
London Irish 3. 

CUIB MATCHES: Aberavon ift Maastop 
23: Bedford IS. PompooiA; Bkmlngf a wi 
18. Bbcttiesth 26; emtodte Urtersiqr 
8, Motflnaham toCattiM 3s, Northwnp- 
ion 4: Cowtury *i. wsndaws ft Etow 
vae 22, SdJ SumoraBi Inw 1ft Exeter ift 
Launceston 7: Wde 1ft Mortha rn ift 
Glamorgan Ms aTWatai ft Laicestw 
38. fficimond 1ft Liverpool Si iBriara 1ft 
Battt 2ft LtaneB 12.SwanMa23; L ondon 
Scottish 1ft Boston PWr 2ft London 


StoflWd 3, Rugby 1ft Wakefield 3t, 
F£mouto 18; Waterloo 1ft Vale of Line 

BASS MBtfT TABLE: Oevonport Services 
24, Weston Super Man 11. 

0EV0N MBtff TAtaft Okatanpen *2. 
Newton Abbot ft Tiverton «, Devon ml 
Comwto Poke 2ft 

Camborne 3ft 10 l 

NORTHERN; AsMon-under-Lym 3. 
TyWesier 2 ft aactourn ift i Aspal ift 
OtfiNOe 2S, Ruskm Pwkft-Crider Vatoft 
Metronck 3; Caidy 18. Mersayskfa Pofoa 
6: iagi* 2i. MaMbester ymca ft 
Hamnaie 3, Durham CHy 30: Huddars- 
netd ftOdey 4ft KMgMey 10. Lymm 1ft 
Kwtoal 39. BteydDTi ft Mancbestar ft 
Para 84; New Brighton 7. 
i> Conge 3ft pwrah 28. 
Toeina. Contfeion 17;* 
M(tes4S.S«Mey ParKft Wfasinw 6. 
Davenport 3* wfrnngton Parte 44, Sutton 
CddWd 3: Wrexham 43. Hantopoot 
Rovers 0. 

Such is the power of tradition 
that victory for the visiting team 
at Kjngsholm continues to be a 
prize worth having, even in 
these barren times for Glouces- 
ter rugby. Harlequins won by a 
goal, a try, a dropped goal and a 
penalty goal to a try and two 
penalties on Saturday, and were 
more than six points better than 
the Cherry and Whites. 

Gloucester, champions of the 
John Smith's merit table A Iasi 
season, have lost their three 
table matches so far this season 
— and Bath and Leicester are to 
come in the next lew weeks. 
Neither they nor Harlequins 
were at foil strength but Harle- 
quins played with enough 
conviction to conceal the fact, 
notably behind the scrum. 

Dent was the cleverest runner 
on the field. Hunter looked .a 
dasher, and Fletcher and 
Woodhouse made a fluent 
partnership at pivot. If 
Woodhouse were to lose his 
place in the Harlequins team to 
Loveridge. the newly arrived All 
Blacks scrum half, -h would 
hardly seem fair. 

Gloucester tried to run the 
ball but there- was no subtlety m 
their midfield. In the second 
half the crowd started urging 
them to revert to 10-man rugby. 
Changed- days. Once upon a 
time they played little else. 

Fletcher dropped a goal from 
a Iineout won by Weekes. Dent 
broke, bin Thresher lost the ball 
over the Gloucester line. Tun 
Smith kicked two penalties for 
Gloucester before half-time but 
in between Skinner scored a try. 
for Harlequins from a tap 
penalty and Thresher 


Thresher ml Harlequins 12-6 
ahead with a penalty five min- 
utes after the intervaL It became 
12-10 when Hannaford passed 
to Morgan on the Mind side of a 
scrum tor a try in the corner. 
Cooke got Harlequins second 
try from a scrum on the line and 
that was that, except for a fight 
among some of the forwards 
while the ball was on the 
opposite side of the field - all 
part of r ngfry's rich tapestry. 

SCORERS: Ol o uceito c Try; Morgan. 
Penalties; T Smith 0. Hartoquiu: Trte 
Stainer. Cooks; Conversion: ThmsW. 
Dropped Goat Fletcher. Penalty: 

GLOUCESTER: T Sraftfc D Morgan. P 
Taylor. C Dyke. J Branar. M HwSn. M 
Hennatont M Praedy ftapft K Dona R 
Pescefl, J Bennett (rap: K wrne). N 
Scnvwis. J Etheridge, I Smith. L 

HARLEQUMS: S Thresher: S Hunter. A 
Dent. C Sate M Summers; M FtotCMr, A 
Woodhouse: J Kingston, j Over. M 
Hatatey. M Skinner. P tahetath. R 

Neath have lost only once this 
season, to Newport, but for 
much of their visit to 
Brooklands on Sauuday, Sale 
held them with admirable spirit, 
carved out a number of scoring 
chances, but flagged in the final 
quarter to go down by three 
penalties to a goal, a drop goal 
and two penalties. 

For once the bionic boot of 
Neath’s Thorburn was some- 
thing less than infallible. His 
goal-kicking did not look re- 
laxed and, uncharacteristically, 
he managed only two penalties 
and a conversion out of seven 
chances. In contrast his opposite 
number, Jen ion, enjoyed a hun- 
dred per cent record and if their 
roles bad been reversed it would 
not have been a contest 

Neath lost Ellis, their right 

wing, at the intervaL Jackson, 
the replacement, came on as 
flanker with Morris moving to 
the wing, where he played 
impressively and scored the 
game’s only cry. Strangely, 
Neath played better after the 
reshuffle. Perhaps Sale tired, but 
their tackling, which had been 
deadly, deteriorated and this 
cost them the game. 

It was all kicks until the last 
five minutes. Sale led by three 
penalties to two, when Powell, 
playing his 64th consecutive 
game for Neath, took stand-off 
Griffiths's pass fully 40 yards 
out, checked and dropped 
optimistically for goal to see his 
soaring kick bisect the posts. 

By tnis time Sale were edgy in 
defence and Jeriion, whose ear- 
lier raenrsions into the line had 
threatened a breakthrough, was 
desperately lucky not to concede 
a try fey choosing the wrong 
option under pressure. Fitton 
also erred, when his injudicious 
fly-ldck was caught by Philips 

and a period of fierce pressure 

It was resolved' to Neath’S 
satisfaction when Powell again 
shaped to drop for goal but 
darted left to right, before 
tuning a finely executed inside 
to Morris on the burst. The 
back-row was tied into a 
maul and the defence was slow- 
thinking. Morris ran straight 
and bam, scored under the posts 
and Thorburn’s conversion was 
a formality. Both sides mounted 
further attacks and Thorburn 
missed another penalty, but 
Neath finished the stronger side. 

SCORERS: S ate Penates Jenion 
Ma t t e Tiy: Munis. Drop Goat Pon 
Penates Thorium pk Conversion: 

SALE: G Jerton; S Piute T OuBon. P 
Stanstiald. C Dickenson; A Egan. H Fitton: 
E Bassatt. A Simpson, P Shwidon. S 
;Kwea M Tho,n(l3 ' 1 McKle, M Hamfton. 

NEATH P ThortXim: E Sta. S RoweS. C 
Bridgewater, a Ptwips; S Grttflths. A 
Boom; S Danda E Janes. J Pugh, m 
M orris. H Richards, S Ecfcsrtey. L Jonas, 
C Jones. 

Retema: C Laeke (E Mldtantfs Sock 

Watsonians given the runaround 

Although the final score of 23- 
12 appears convincing, 
Watsonians struggled to beat a 
plucky Jed-Forest side at River- 
side Park on Saturday. The 
visitors started brightly enough, 
but it was 23 minutes before 
Forbes opened the scoring with 
a neat try. Ten minutes later 
Gavin Hastings kicked a 45- 
metre penalty to give his side a 
comfortable seven-point lead at 
the intervaL . 

Only two minutes into the 
second half Forbes stretched 
that lead with a drop goal from a 
scrum. At this point watsonians 
appeared to relax their grip and 
back came the home side. Liddle 
touched down from a wheeled 
scrum, Millar converted and 
five minutes later lacked a 
penalty to bring the score to 9- 
10 . 

Watsonians rallied, however, 
with Carmichael scoring a try 
following good possession from 
the pack and a clever break by 

By las McLancUan 

Scott Hastings. Law replied with 
a penalty for Jed before Scon 
Hastings took the result beyond 
doubt with a fine try at the posts. 
His brother, Gavin, converted 
and kicked a last minute 

Hawick, the champions, over- 
came one of their biggest ob- 
stacles in the McEwan’s 
National League with a 24-19 
victory over West of Scotland. 
This win was more easily 
achieved than the score si _ 
and Hawick were never real! 
any danger. 

Barron and Gass exchanged 
early penalties before Hawick 
took charge as Hogg and Mitch- 
ell scored tries, frith Gass 
converting both. Gass kicked a 
second penalty before Mitchell 
recorded his second try to take 
bis team well dear. 

West of Scotland staged a late 
rally in which Buchan an-Smith 
and Barrett scored tries, Ross 
adding a third in injury time. 

Higgin finds his mark 

Lartflho™. D Cooke tepft E Wtekas, 
Rama: S Tramfliek (C drmmQ. 


AetoMtote 21. Ayr ift hoax's FP^lft 
Mate** *2: Jnmnst ift WUsartara 

2 ft saw* MN*ae fp 3ft Saute ft 
WtetaSeottixi IB, Hawtic 24. 

Vale of Lane are emerging as 
the most improved club io the 
north. On Saturday they visited 
Waterloo, regarded by many as 
the strongest northern dub, and 
woo a tough, fluctuating contest 
by 18-16 (Michael Stevenson 

Vale scored a goal, two drop 
goals and two penalties to a try 
and four penalties, with Higgin, 
their full-back, contributing 14 

Vale counteracted Waterloo’s 
rolling mauls and generally held 
their own in the forward battle, 
although an intense period of 
pressure before halftime could 
have brought victory for 

Higgin and Aitchison each 
kicked two penalties, before a 
brilliant individual try by 
Heslop put Waterloo ahead. 
Hodgson scored on the stroke Of 
half-time for Higgin to convert. 

and victory came as Aitchison's 
two second-half penalties for 
Waterloo were matched by two 
drop goals, one with either foot, 
from the admirable Higgin. 

Orrell, meanwhile, found 
their pack well bdd by Moseley 
in the e2riy stages of their borne 
merit Table A match. But 
Metcalfe's three missed pen- 
alties eased OrreU’s problems. 
Metcalfe was finally successful 
with his fourth penalty kick and 
converted an excellent try by 
Hickey. But penalties by Wil- 
liams and Langford cut 
Moseley's interval lead to 9-6. 
victory coming for Orrell 
through tries by Kimmins and 
Geary, and a conversion and 
penalty by Williams. 

Plymouth made the long jour- 
ney to Wakefield for a Table C 
match, but were beaten 31-18 in 
commanding fashion. 

Barrett kicked two conversions. 

BortNKhmnir recovered from 
their defeat of last weekend and 
the shock of conceding two tries 
in 10 minutes to beat Kelso 27- 
12. Minto and Wright scored for 
the visitors with Hall converting 

The home side compos 
themselves, however, and with 
their powerful pack winni 
good position, Edwards ai 
Debusk scored tries, while 
Macgrcgor dropped three goals, 
and Kicked a conversion and a 
penalty for a personal tally of 14 
points. Macartney completed 
the scoring with a penalty and 

Stewaris/Melvflk coasted to 
an easy 32-8 win over Selkirk at 

inverieigh. Brewster and Julian 
Scou scored first-half tries, 
Andy Scon added a conversion 
and a penalty, while the third 
Scott brother. Simon, also 
added a penalty. 

The home side played all of I 
the second half without Julian 
Scott, their scrum- half and 
drafted in Jim Calder, their I 
international flanker to fill flat 
slot. It made scant difference to 
their performance as Andy Soon 
added two further tries, the first 
of which he converted himself 
Brother Simon completed the 
romp with two penalties. 
Selkirk's scorers were Hill and 
Tukalo, each of whom crossed 
the line for a try. 

Gala, meanwhile, made 
heavy weather of overcoming | 
Edto&irgli Academicals 20-13 
at Netherdale. Academicals 
opened the scoring with a try by 
Mitchell but two penalties by 
Dods and a Bryson try took 
Gala into the interval well 
ahead. At the start of the second 
half Heaney dropped a goal for 
the visitors, but a pushover try. 
credited to White, kept G*** 
ahead. A Hutchieson try and 
conversion brought the visitors 
to within one ’point before a 
Hancock try and Dods’s conver- 
sion put the issue beyond doubt. 

On bended knee but showing no mercy; Barnes about to release his England colleague, Salmon (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 

Twickenham spectators are won over 
by Japanese flair and enterprise 

down the flanks to nm away mtn 
the game. Sod to see the 
Japanese fall but at least they | 
failed glorioosly. 

“It is essential to take control 
early and prove we can ran to 
tries with style." the Eng 
captain, Richard HiU, said be- , 
fore the "*»«<*»« “This is the best 
prepared English squad I have 1 
ever been with and the Japanese 
game will be the true measure of I 
whether all the work put in 1 
daring the summer has put as on 
. the. right track." 

Hum. Hopes for early 
domination were not realized. 
England went 9-0 down. The 
only sense of style was shown by 
the Japanese. England are 
doomed to disappoint their 
crowd just as the Japa^c are 
doomed to please Englishmen 
and. pleasure them, lose. 

The Twickenham crowd ache 
for a running game, but the 
players, for reasons no matter 
bow technically sound, deny 
them every time. The Twick- 
enham crowd, will not be sat- 
isfied until the English team is a 
bunch of mad,- quixotic- rnnners 
and throwers. They may have to 
wait qnite a long while for this to 
come about. 


Foster and 
ready for 

Brisbane (AP) — The England 
team's hopes of defending the 
Ashes received an early boost 
when two key players recovering 
from surgery came through 
unscathed yesterday after the 
touring team's first practice at 
the Gabba ground. 

Allan Lamb, recovering from 
a recent knee operation, and 
Neil Foster, who had swgeiy on 
his bed. were anxious about 
their fitness before leaving En- 
gland. But the captain, Mike 
Gutting, said the pair looked 
ready to play lcadmg roles on 
the tour. 

Gatling said that England 
would not take Friday's tour 
opener against a Queensland 
Country XI at Bundaberg 
tightly. “All games on the tonr 
are serious, but we have just so 
much time to find the right team 
to make up the side for the first 
Test next month,” he said. 

Gatling plans to practise daily 
at the Gabba and the party will 
fly to Bundaberg on Friday 
morning. England wifl play 
seven lead-up games before the 
first Test m Brisbane, which 
starts on November 14. 

Claims that Botham, Gower 
and Dilley almost joined the 
rebel England tour of South 
Africa in 1982 were brushed 
aside in Brisbane yesterday- A 
Story in The Times quoted Ali 
Bacfaer. managing director of 
the South African Cricket 
Union, as saying that all three 
signed lenens of intent in 1981. 
Bacher claimed Botham would 
have gone had the financial 
rewards been higher. 

The allegations were repeated 
in Australian newspapers yes- 
terday and seen by all three 
players before they took part in 
England's first practice session. 
But the England tour manager, 
Peter Lush, said that he bad not 
raised the subject. “There is no 
point in discussing things which 
may have happened five yean 
ago and of which we have no 
knowledge. The simple fact is 
that they didn’t go to South 
Africa," ne said. 

England's determination to 
succeed on and off the field is 
unlikely to win them many new 
friends in Australia. Thai much 
became dear within a few 
minutes of their arrival after a 
press conference at Sydney 

Australian -journalists -are- 
bothered by the strict new ruling 
from Lord’s which prohibits 
players from giving interviews 
“There has been a lot of 
criticism arising from the West 
Indies* tour because some play- 
ers had exclusive contracts with 
certain newspapers," Lush said. 
“We warned to take pressure off 
the players and they have 
ly accepted the situation. 
“You witi have to see me if you 
want to interview them, other- 
wise they will he in severe 
difficulties if quoted without 
permission." _ _ _ 

The fear for Australian of- 
ficials is that England's strict 
code of conduct will do nothing, 
to promote the Ashes series. 

Richards hits 
top form 

Quetta (Reuter) — West In- 
dies made an impressive start to 
their seven-week tour yesterday. 
Richards, the captain, hit three 
sixes and six fours in an 
unbeaten 47 against a Balu- 
chistan Governor's XI, averting 
collapse and putting the touring 
team in charge of the three-day 
match. At dose of play on the 
first day the West Indies were 
140 for five in reply to the 
Governor's XTs first innings 
total of 131. 

On a spinner’s wicket, the 
West Indians, Harper and Buns, 
and the stand-in home captain. 
Ejaz Faqih. all captured four 
wickets. Harper and Butts con- 
ceded only 59 runs between 
them as the locals crumbled 
from 91 for three at lunch to 1-31 
all owl 

Greenidge and Haynes put on 
63 for the first wicket as the 
touring team began their innings 
at a gallop. But Faqih removed 
them both and then had 
Richardson caught for seven. At 
87 for four West Indies were 
reeling until Richards took 

SCORES: Baluchistan Governor's X1 131. 
Wen Mtans 1 JO tor 5 (I V A Rfcmmfc 47 
not out). 

century men 

Baroda (AP) — The three-day 
match between Australia and 
India's regional champions, 
Delhi, ended in a tame draw 

The Australian batsmen, Greg 
Dyer and Dave Gilbert, hit their 
maiden centuries in first-class 
cricket as Australia overhauled 
Delhi's first innings total of 385 
for eight declared. 

Dyer made 106 with the help 
of two sixes and 10 fours, while 
Gilbert was the top scorer with 
12 7, hitting one six and 17 fours. 

Australia resumed at -204 for 
six and were all out for 457 after 
tea.The Australian captain, Ray 
Bright, and Delhi's captain, 
Madan Lai, decided to call off 
the match at this stage. 

SCORES! tMM 385 far 8 dac Auura- 
:457(GCDyftr lO&DRGIbert 117). 


750 unless stand 

»on v KidtteitesMr. 


VaGxHALL-OPG. LEAGUE: Praiter iff- 
«Utt Dutaidi v tinutonten. ■ 

fintt round; CMmfMd v Wbodfant 
Corny V Rustwte Dudley « Moor Gram 

K SJWrtirtdgeR^WoraratavBacteQ- 

Leicester v 


dMsfen: Noes County v e 



BOWLS: Uwraeol Victoria Insunnra 




Bwrand v Tha Neteriaftds { 

Union v Ratetan (&33J. 

SNOOKER: Hohnmftr 

"and* t* 

Rprowy rffUffi. Stockport), 

YACHTING: Windermere record week (at 
Lata Windermere). ^ 






stars in sparkling homework WW A W • H . 

By Michael Seely 

Eight days ago in Paris, 
Khaled Abdulla, the season's 
leading owner, enjoyed one of 
the proudest moments of his 
life when Dancing Brave 
sprinted to that exhilarating 
victory in the Prix de 1'Arc de 

Next weekend it could be 
the turn of Sheikh Moham- 
med to steal the limelight by 
winning the William Hill 
Dewhurst Stakes with Ajdal 
and the Dubai Champion 
Stakes with Sure Blade. 

Both horses have given 
Michael Stoute and Barry 
Hills, their respective trainers, 
every satisfaction in their final 
gallops. On Friday. George 
Robinson, our Newmarket 
correspondent, was greatly 
impressed as he watched die 
favourite for the 2,000 Guin- 
eas make short work of 
Lucayan Knight on the Lime- 
kilns trial ground. Stoute's 
only comment was: “If 1 want 
to keep my work secret, HI 
have to move to somewhere 
like Manioo." 

On Saturday morning, on 
the Faningdon Road gallop at 
Lam bo urn. Sure Blade also 
delighted Hills in a 6‘/t-furlong 
spin with Oriental Soldier. 
“Robert Street said the colt 
has never gone better,’* the 
trainer said. “For the first time 
this season I think I’ve got 
him on the button. And, take 
it from me, this is a good 

Hills will have few runners 
this coming week. “Like Guy 
Harwood I've got a few horses 
which are coughing or have 
temperatures. But I'm not 
worried about Sure Blade, as 
he's already had it in the 

Sure Blade will certainly 
face some stiff opposition 
including Park Express, Trip- 
tych. Celestial Storm. Untold 
and Damister, the mount of 
Fiat Eddery. 

A live danger to Ajdal was 
removed when Jeremy Tree 
announced that Be! lotto. 

Perfect Timing and Steve Canthen (left) hang on by a short head from Person in Satnrday's Boris Stakes at Ascot. 

Abdulla's impressive winner 
of York’s Acomb Stakes, 
would be missing from the 
line-up. “The two-year-old's 
work on Saturday confirms 
my suspicion that he was 
going over the top,” said the 
Backhampton trainer. 

After winning Ascot’s Corn- 
wallis Stakes on Saturday with 
the Newmarket sales-bound. 
Singing Steven. Richard 
Hannon said that his Cham- 
pagne Stakes winner. Don't 
Forget Me, would be an 
absentee for the same reason. 

However, Ajdal. the star- 
tlingly easy winner of Ascot's 
Momington Stakes, will be 
tested to the full by Shady 
Heights and Hydraulic Power. 
Steve Cauthen will again take 
the mount on Robert 

Armstrong's Shady Heights, 
who showed such promise 
when running the brilliant 
Forest Flower to half a length 
in Newbury’s Mill Reef 
Stakes. And Eddery will ride 
Hydraulic Power, Michael 
AJbina's four-length con- 
queror of Imperial Frontier at 

Stoute has no firm plans for 
Tashtiya, who, so ably and 
forcefully assisted by Walter 
Swim burn, showed such gal- 
lantry when beating Mill On 
The Floss in the Princess 
Royal Stakes. “The St Simon 
Stakes at Newbury is a 
possibility but that's the race 
I've got pencilled in for 
Kazaroun.” Stoute said. 

The season's leading trainer 
is now eyeing the rich autumn 

prizes on the North American 
continent for both 
Shahrastani and Shardari, 
who finished fourth and fifth 
respectively in the Arc. 

“At present Sonic Lady is 
my only definite runner on 
Breeders' Cup day,” he 
continued, “but I haven't yet 
ruled out the idea of taking 
Dancing Brave on again with 

Shardari, an out-and-out 
stayer who was beaten to the 
punch by fester horses in the 
closing stages at Longchamp, 
is now a possible for the 
Rothmans Internationa] 
Championship in Toronto 
next Sunday. 

After watching Steve 
Cauthen drive Perfect Timing 
to a narrow victory over 

Peri on in the Bovis Stakes, 
David Elsworth, the winning 
trainer, issued a warning 
about Floyd, ante-post 
favourite for the Tote 

“Floyd will not run on 
Saturday unless we have a lot 
of rain to ease the going,” said 
the Whitsbury trainer. “He 
missed all last jumping season 
with leg trouble and I don't 
want to jeopardize next 
winter’s campaign by running 
him on firm ground.” 

With Floyd now a likely 
absentee. Sneak Preview has 
been installed the new 
favourite at 6-1. “The horse is 
very well,” said Henry Ca 
guardedly. “Billy Newnes 

second in 

Lodcton (Michael Hms) ran a 
fine race to finish second .to 
Danisfakada (Yves Saint-Mar- 
tin) in the group one Grand 
Criterion! at Longchamp yes- 
today. Jeremy Hir^Jey s colt 
made good lute headway to 
overhaul the disappointing 
odds-tm favourite, Fotitieng, 
dose home bat he could make 
little impression os Damshkada 
who made all . to ghe Saint- 
Martin his first victory In the 

The result scans to indicate 
that the French two-year-®iI 
colts are a sub-standard lot as 
Lockton is several pounds betew 
the best of his age at borne. 

Lockton may be seen ant 
again bi the William Hill Fa- 
tality on October 25 bat 
will not ran again 

this year. 

Saint-Martin completed a 
doable when Stemmy* easily 
won the Prix de RoyaUieu from 
Krogay. Steve Norton's 
Amongst The Stara was prom- 
inent for much of the race but 
fajH to finish out of the first 
six. ‘ 

Eve’s Error (Walter 
Swiabera) led a British ooe-two- 
three in the Grosser Press von 
Dnssddorf yesterday. Michael 
Stoute's colt stayed on too 
strongly for Siyah Kalem and 

Dmdep had better hide in San 
Sira, MDan when Sanam (Willie 
Carson) came with a strong late 
run to overbad Melbury Lad in 
the Gran Criterhna. There was 
only a neck hi it at the finish 
with KaKgoortie forcing his way 
back on the fine to dead-heat for 
third with the other British 
runner, Beeshi, a farther neck 

In the Premio Omeaoni, Wil- 
lie Hastings- Bass’s Storm 
Warning (Tony Ives) jnst held 
on to thwart the late effort of 
Chris Rutter on Polykratis. 

Meanwhile, at Florence, 
Esdate, formerly trained by 
Jeremy Tree, was a convincing 
winner of the Premio Casriae. 
John Dnnlop'O Bom Point fin- 
ished fifth. 

take advantage 

of drop in class 

gy jy fflwdar in (Mfchad PhHUps) 

tuffb winning the coveted Hy- 
perion stokes in some style at 
Ascot on Saturday, that initial 
performance has taken on an 
even more meritorious look. - 
Castle Ward looks well ca- 
pable of coping with Non God 
m a race which features t$e first 
appearance in public of 
Hc> short, the 5575,000 half- 
brother to the Arc winner, AS 
Along, by Ptraepdis. , * _ 

Aid And Abet, sixth behind 
Print in that smart nursery at 
Newbury last month, should 
find life easier in the October 


Pontefract® EBF Whitley 
Stakes looks a tricky comes; 
with Michael Dickinson decid- 
ing to run Follies Sctgeres In 
addition to Mcudkwbank and 
Harry Thomson Jones launch- 
ing a two-pronged attack with 
Azyaa and £ metre h_ If the form 
of this year's Blue Seal Stakes at 
Ascot, won by White Mischicfi . 
means anything at all. Am* 
should make the best of this 

The Barnsley Handicap looks 
an ideal chance for Axe VjJky 
to win her third race of the 
season following commanding 
performances u Sandown and 
Salisbury. . 

Finally, following • narrow 
defeat at Newmarket, Mo* 
Coear has a sound chance in the . 
Clyde Coast Nursery at Ayr 
where Light The Way (3.45) and 
Basoof (4.15) are other raiders 
from headquarters who stand 

The latter, who is a half sister 
to Shadeed. looks poised to gain 
her much-needed but hitherto 
evasive first success in the 
BaUamrae Fillies' Stakes after , 
performing so well in the care 
won by Captain’s Niece at Ascot 
last month. 

John Dunlop, the consistently 
successful Arundel trainer. 

looks the man to 
Warwick where he seems poised 
to lift three praes wtb 
Uptothehili (--0)- 5*Sf m Try 
n tfl) and Castle Ward (4.0). 

Following promising runs ata 
higher level at Newmarket md 
Ling field. Uptothehilt is napped 
to benefit from a drop in daa in 
the first division of the EBh 
Brinklow Maiden States. 

His initial ran behind Most 
Welcome at Newmarket 
followed by a crack « 

Cell a man Buit Stakes at 
Ungfield where finished last of 
seven. However. UptottehiK 
was less than 10 lengths behind 
the winner, Suhailie, who sub- 
sequently experienced no ditn- 
culty Tn maintaining bis 
unbeaten record 18 days later 
when he ran away with the 
Dream Mile at Haydock. 

Just A Flutter, Ome. Launes 
Warrior, Hard ACT and Psalm- 
ody were the others who con- 
tested the UngfieM .race; and 
none of the opposition this 
afternoon can be mentioned m 
the same breath as them. 

Kip Kano, Guy Harwood's 
runner, was also dropped in at 
the deep end at Newmarket first 
time out when he took on 
Lockton, Lauries Warn or and 
His Highness. Uke Uptothehilt 
at Ungfield, his lot that day was 
to occupy last position but he 
did not show nearly the same 
degree oFpromise as my nap. 

Final Try, my selection for the 
Arden EBF Stakes, obviously 
has much to fear from Brown 
Thatch who beat Auction Fever 
at Doncaster way back in May. 
But. in this instance. I am 
swayed by Final Try’s recent 
easy morale-boosting win at 
Nottingham. This followed a 
highly commendable run in the 
Extd Stakes at Goodwood 
where he finished fifth behind 
Chinoiserie. . 

C*oi» Ward, who runs tn the 
second division of the EBF 
Brinklow Maiden Stakes, fin- 
ished third on his racecourse 
debut behind TartnfTe and Able 
Saint at Goodwood. With Tar- 

• Gordon Richards and Phil 
Tuck completed a 12-1 treble at 
Unoxeter on Saturday with St 
Col me. Doronicum and Tartan 
Tailor. Easier Brig, die only 
other Greystoke runner at the 
meeting, finished second to 
Crack A Joke. 



By Mandarin 

2.15 Roman Belle. 

2.45 WarthiB Lady. 

3.15 Mon Coeur. 

3.45 Light The Way. 

4.15 Basoof 

4.45 Lakino. 

By Our Newmarket 

2.15 Roman Belle. 

2.45 — 

3.15 Mon Coeur. 

3.45 Light The Way. 

4.15 BasoofL 

4.45 Chalice Of Silver. 

By Michad Seely 

2.45 Golden Guilder. 3.15 Boy Singer. 

Going: good Draw: low numbers best 

2.15 EBF ARRAN STAKES (2-Y-O: fffies; Eljlfc 5f) (8 runners) 





0 ANAKA(rVMmai)K Stone 86 



92 7-1 


92 61 

• 99F64 



SLffi®JS (0 Hanftig) C Booth 86 






TTTANIA'S STAR (B Haggas) M Preacon 68- 
0 TOP AND TAIL (T RanadenjM Ryan 86 


— 61 
— 76 

FORM ****** (86) showed spaed far 41 when «h beater 4X1 to Premier Lad (611) at HamBon (&, 
■ vnm f1.wa.ntmd. Son S' 1 A rani NfllUVrrra^inMhMMnAlUinSluMiFiilnilftAMriiH. 

Apr 16, 10 ! 
UilIlH rirni 




2A5 AYR SPRINT HANDICAP (£2,750: 6ft (12 runners) 

4 (2) 0/00006 KATHRED (D) (G A FamdOn) R Woodhousa 667 _ 


7 n 
a ( 10 ) 

12 (13) 

13 (9) 

14 pi) 

15 (1) 

16 (5) 

17 (7) 
IB (4) 
21 (12) 

000004 VXTASh(C3(JM3ntf*t*)Ja»WlnfltDdS^2. 
000004 DEBBIE DO (D) (N Robinson) C Thornton 36-12. 

, A Fraud 


3333U2 GOLDEN GWUER (ZLD) (C Buckton) M W Eosterby 366_ 

040004 GODS SOLUTION (BJ1) (P Jones) T Barron S66 

003000 OLE TIMES (DJ (W Bsey) W Bsey 4-8-5 

0033 ZIU£BEKE(R Man) W Brooks 3*4. 


— LChamocfe 

— GDuflMd 
■ ACetone (7) 

101002 WARTfHLL LADY (CD) (M Brittain) M Brittain 4-8-3. 
203432 TIT WILLOW (B)PBefl)S Mas 4-7-13- 

sa 7-1 

n 8-1 

96 4-1 
93 12-1 
64 20-1 

034300 HENRY’S VENTWE (D) (D Chapman) D Chapman 47-9 - 

004400 PENTQVF(D)[Mr»GGarmy)D Chapman 4-7-7 

003/400 MANX (B) (O CoOns) T Craig 5-7-7 

8 Whitworth 

KDarloy *991=2-1 
1 97 0-1 

- N Certain 9710-1 
. J Oaten (5) 6810-1 

. Al 

FORM WLTASH (9-12) 4th beaten 71 to Handaona SaiqrflM) a w inn er s ince on Saturday. at Beverley 
rvnm (5I.E3.106, fimvSepZ 4 , 5 far).GOti)SIGUJLDEH(8^9) ran on **B4 dose Home wnan 2nd beat- 
en nkw Restore 19-3) at Ayr (61. £2281. h eap good to firm, Sap 18. 11 ran), 
when 3rd beaten 41 to Gypsy's Prophecy (8-7) at FaBieatone (61, £1,387. Arm. Sap 9, 8 1 
writ be suited by this return to 6f. (8-2) 2nd caught dose home by Rarnbfing River (9-3) 
h'cap, fbm. Oct 3. 13 ran). TIT WHJL0W(86) 2nd beaten 1 Kl to flutters Danes (8-1! . 

• ~ 6LL LADY (66), fated to qdm, 5th beaten 3VU at Hamtor 

131 stayed on wefl 4th baatan 3L nk and i 
£2122. good. Sap 30. 20 ran). 

Salurtow: VlLTASH 

&15 CLYDE COAST NURSERY HANDICAP (2-Y-O: £5,127: 1m) (8 runners) 

2 (5) 

5 (2) 

6 (3) 

7 (1> 

12 P) 

15 (4) 

»8 m 

22 17) 

FORM BBI LEW (94) 4* baatan 4X1 to Great Aspect 0-7) at Yotfc (1m. £5708, good to soft. 
■ '“'■''V* ran)- MON COEUR (8-9) 3nl bard ridden when 3rd baatan sh hd, M to Last Dar 

311314 BEN LON (A McCtuskey) M H Easterby 67 


042303 MON CQEin (B) (Capt M Lemos) C Bnttam 96 


00344 KALElDOPHOMe (J Rowte^Tw Elsey 8-3 


03S NORTH PACIFIC (BP) (RbM SaMun) PCOte 7-12 

010000 CHAK3BCDARR0CH (R Morrison) J S WBson 7-7 



N Cartel* 

93 5-1 
98 11-4 
61 9-1 
66 20-1 

94 9-2 
*99 re-2 


Dance (fra a 
Trornpha iD'Oefl (8- 

mariHH (1 m, E4721 . good to firm. Oct 1. 8 ran). MSS ZOLA ffl-1 1)al out to win by nh 
1 Uai Edinburgh (1 in. Ell 14. good to ftrm. Sap 15. 16 ran). QOL06N TREE fflO) 2nd lad W caught dk»e when 
baatan 31 to OcOar Seeker (9%) at Newcastle 11m, mdn. &I34. firm, Oct 7. 12 ran). BOY sSSaSR (7-i2> won 
vwm by 1*1 horn Pas D Endwro (9-5) at Ayr dm. E48S1. good to firm. Sap 18. 9 ran). NORTH P4CSFK3 wea 
baatan last ame. aarter (8-11) ran well to bo 3rrJ twaawi 4L(* » Sanaboa (B-11) at SalWxry (71. E30G5. ttom 
Sopia T8 ran). CRAIG&DARROCH (8-1 1)5*hrwbTiprasstan when beaten 81W to MuMi(S-1J a " 
f7T. £1295. good to lltm. Od 6. 10 ran). 

S a i acaien : SOY SDKat 

1)at Edinbixgh 

Guide to our in-line racecard 

103 (12) 0-0432 TMESFOR11 (a^BF) [MTS J Ryley) BHM9-1M BWut(Q 88 7-2 

Racecard number. Draw in brackets. Six-figure blast 
form. Horae's name (B-bHcsrs. v-vtsor. H-hood. weight 
C-course winner. Distance winner. CD-come Private 
and distance winner. BF-baatan ft w t wi B in price. 

Owner in brac k ets. Trainer. Age and 
phis any a l lowa nce, the Time s 
Approximate starling 

3.45 PRESTWICK SELLING STAKES (£905: 1m) (8 runners) 

012200 MAFTMI (B£) (Msa SLavary)M Jamas 4941 

1 ( 2 ) 

8 (4) 

9 M 
10 ( 8 ) 
11 fl) 

00-000 EASTERN HBGH1S(V)(J EHoO)M Naughlon S8-2- 
000300 SKYBnD (M Bnttain) M Bnuan 3-8-2. 

000000 CtXRfTIIY CARNIVAL (B) (R Lloyd) W Haigri 3-7-13. 

200000 LA BaiE OF S4WTO (y Spacing) Denys SrnHti 3-7-13 
12 R 0-00000 LADY LAMB (V) (Ms P. Wahryn) P Walwyn 3-7-13. 

« (7) 

14 (3) 


- M Pry — — 

— KDariey S3 6-1 

. P Robinson 97FS-4 
LChamocfe 97 8-1 

N Howw 92 4-1 

0-0 LIGHT THE WAY (p H 8 D W Stephenson Ltd) M Prescott 3-7-13 GDuHMd *90 11-4 
000004 HU8ICAL AS (T Craig) T Oraig 3-7-13 : AHwckay 95 — 

eADM HAFTIR racandy changed stables 
rviltm soft Shoe Stndla (8-8) at Nottmgtu 

bast nail 

1 2nd baatan 1551 to 

Sh beaten 2X1 to Keeip Cod (8-til at ^Heydacfe(lm. ro> slks £1.440. __ - ... . 

the taro trip from Lamboum, (7-11) wtard Zf out when 10th to No Restrant (B-3) at Lawsstar (1m2f. £1240. 

app'cestks. firm, sup 22.19 rani LIGHT THEWAYfBT^ Kh 

^l^ranweB in good company to be 4m beaten 1SW to 

Bolero Magic (9-Oiat Newcastle (Ira II. £2098,6071.0017.6 ran). 


4.15 BALLANTRAE ffllES STAKES (^-Y-O: £95% 1m) (7 runners) 

2 (4) 000313 H0QKB>BS(D)(ShaMi Mohammed) JDtadop 9-1 G Baxter NFM 

4 (5) 300410 WOU.Y PAHTRH)aE(G AFtondon Eng)R Wooc#iouse9-1 SHna«ar(7) 6016-1 

8 (3) 000403 BASOOF (Mattcum Ai Maktoum) M Saxaa 8- 8 . -MMrafa 98 2-1 

12 (7) 00-0000 CROWNIT(C Booth) C Booth 88 — 4 Matthias — »-1 

13 (1) 00220 GREAT OfcEUMA (Mrs K LMngstone) P Maten 68 BThOBrsoO *99 5-1 

14 (6) 00-300 fflEEM FOR DANGER (A Stood) J Kndtoy B-8 MWfc 85 7-1 

21 (2) 0-06400 STARBOARD (Mrs JRnwteatW Bsey S fl . - KDariar — 20-1 

FORM HCXJKED BDflMlMed to qchn when 1 XL i* 3rd to Derlng^ Doom (6-7) • sriranr tinceL-at 
r vnm Brighton (1m, £1898, Arm. Sep 18, 12 raig. MOLLY PAHTRlSSE wa6 down the field recently. 
Barter (8-2) made al to win wad by a tnomaouflesa Shy (64) at EdMwgh (71. sa> afts, £887, good to Brm 
Sap 15, 13 ran). BASOOF (8-10) ran dose home when not hairing the dearest of rune to be 
behind Captains Niece (8-11)at Ascot Q m app'ca h'cap good towTn. Sep 25, 12na 
Tib, out parod to Munrnv'sKiVDurite (9-7) wtoiBA9OOF(8-l1)l0tl> at Noiwzsirtot 

Selection: BASOOF 


. Sep 2S. 12 rany GREAT DHFMM4( 

kotpl, £8025. fast Jiiy 1(3. 11 

AM AUCHINCRUIVE HANDICAP (£2£0& 1m 7f) (i 1 runners) 

3 0 0-43232 CHAUCE OF SLVER(R Wilson JbtfJMJanriS 3-97 

4 (9) WCOO CAROUSEL ROCKET (C) (4 Saooomando) R Whrtahar 3»2 K 

6 (B) 1-00000 PATH’S SISTER (CD) (Miss B Duxbury) C Thornton 5-62- . 

7 (7) 000010 LMHO (G Horsford) Jhnmy RtzgwaW 4-0-1. 

10 (10) 410300 RH=OHM FReiCESS (V) (B Gertiausar) M Ryan 36-13 

11 til) 0040 KRtSWKX (R IGratein) J Dunlop 36-13 

12 (4) 022202 OOLUSTO (V) (Ms S Aldridge) K Brassey 5-84} — 
14 (3) 004034 COLEMAN HAWIQNS (B) (S Brewer) P Malun 3-69- 

22. (i) 2-30030 HOT RIAER (M Brittain) M Brittain 3-7-11 

26 (5) 000000 PAULS SKRET (J Smpson) Danya Smith 3-7-8—^. 

27 (6) 040030 7HAHALEOS (R Watchman) F Watson B-7-7 

T Lucas 92 — 
(5) 96 14-1 

MTebfauttfZ) SB 61 

MUCH 9511-1 

N Day 97 11-1 

G Baxter *99F5-2 

. S Whitworth 87 7-2 

„ B Thomson 9712-1 


-LChamocfe 94 — 
M Fiy 91 161 

FORM 2 StyraiRW) 2nd cautfn final furlong beaten S to Bedhead (65) at 

..Y” m WtegMQtei &n If. Eteigood to soft, gtxxl to soft Am 25, 14 ran). CAROUSEL ROCKET 
yP^ShbOTtonMVW to MensUe (16i^MAyr (1m 7f. amat stks. mHjood to flmv Sap 17. 11 rani. 
PAlirs &wii r kh ff-ISran dose home when 5ih beaten 5Klto Waasl Reef (67) at York (1m At £1008. good. 
Sep 4. 10 ran). LAKMO racently won two raoes owar hurrt^ggTth beaten over 3K1 to Honest Ton (681 at 

Newcastle ( 1 m 21, E4454, good to soft. 

C latest ran wide 3f out and never got back 

rrtq the race, earter ( 8-1 lf4th beaten 141 to Spartan Ifafley (60) at Nottingham (Im6f. 2359. firm, July 19.8 

T-10) faitad to qdoi when 2nd beaten 31 Id Seven Mt (64)at Yarmouth (lrn 6f. £1 .768, good. 

ran on urtran 4th beaten a to VSage Hero (8-1 1) at Sandown flraet.cairn- 



Course specialists 



M Prescott 
M Stoute 
M Jams 































N CorwKxWn 




















By Mandarin 

2.15 Keep CooL 

2.45 GG Magic. 

3.15 Brightner. 

3.45 Axe Valley. 

4.15 Azyaa. 

4.45 KhadruC 

By Our Newmarket 

2.15 Plain Talk. 

2.45 GG Magic. 

3.15 — 

3.45 DavilL 

4.15 Choritzo. 

4.45 KhadruC 

Michael Seely's selection: 4.15 FOLLIES BERGERES (nap). 
The Times Private Handicapper's lop rating: 2.45 BAVTINO- 

oing: finn Draw: 5f-6f low numbers best 

15 OCTOBER APPRENTICE HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £1^83: 1m) (9 runners) 

i (Lottl McAJpme) D Moriey 9-7 — B Murtagh (4) 

15 (7) 
17 (1) 
19 (3) 
34 (4) 

2010-00 KAL-Y-t _ . 

304040 MOGOARIF Sattetfl P Cote 63- — 

032000 FARA6(HamdanM Maktoum) P Walwyn 9-2. 

04-0400 RJUN TALK (SfeGBruiton) A Hide 8-12. 
MO- RLOREAMUSfR Lawson) DWfcon 84. 

97 4-1 
GThorapsoo(4} 98 7-2 

— DM— SB (6) 98F3-1 

PBrette K 6-1 

7 (3) 030432 HRS NAUOITY (A M<tom)WWhanan8-5. 

043331 KEEP COOL TO(MrsJ Hgg) RHoOnshead 8-4 (6dx). 

4-00000 LADY OWOt(W Holden) W Holden 7-9 — 

000 THBOLO (T HSManiQ J Mulhafl 7-7 

R Teague — — 

. Altai Rfchanto 9G 134 
98 5-1 

I GOodoni (4) 699 — 

L45 NOSTELL SELLING STAKES (£965: 1m 2f) (15 runners) 

1 (3) 30008)0 ARMABIMra J Ciraon) R Champion 69-3 — 

2 (9) 02*000 COMPOSER (B)(MrsK Jackson) MJantefl 84-3 

3 (14) 100203 DtCKWOC»n‘(V) (Wallace Farms Ltd) Khrory5-M 

4 (B) 040034 EARL’S COURT (H Mowb) H Rands 10-9-3 

6 (4) 001030 MU«Uj 0(BJ» (F Can) F C«fr 10« 

8 (6) 0000 Of TffiMr(DWWdrt«)PBa*w7-fra.- 

9 (7) 00-0040 BmCHGROVELAD(V)(GOtoro|ftqQ0ldrQyd544 

11 (15) BV110- FRISKY HOre (DJOnaajBCamtjIdga 444 

12 P2) 342324 JUST CANDO WfaS E BtWWXO D Wlaon 444. 

13 (1) 004000 NELBtWTS LADY OAsJJadtaonlCHorgBn 544 

14 (10) 010000 P0LE«41SrT»»C)(H Lynn) M Jam- 7-94 

15 pi) 0*0010 HOT BETTY (Wi (MTS E Adah) Ron Thompson 64-11 

16 (2) 230004 vaWAOWfl(V) (Mrs MBiUOkJfiNonBn 44^11 

17 (13) 004213 GO MAGIC (A Gta4)D Moriey 34-7 

22 (5) 0300 HAYTMO (A Parkinson) H CoSngridge 3-8-4 

3.15 STAYERS EBF STAKES (£2,585: 2m2f){2 Dinners) 

1 (i) lltytQi BOtQHTNER (K Abdutta) G Harwood 5-9-10 

0-00031 COOL HUMBER LI Rosa) H WWtkig 3-8-4— - 

9 (2) 

— ACIam •9BF14 
OMcMh 70 9-2 

3X5 BARNSLEY HANDICAP (£3,817: 5ft (10 runners) 

1 (3) 
4 (1) 

6 (9) 

7 (10) 
12 ( 6 ) 
15 (7) 

18 m 

19 (5) 
21 ( 2 ) 
22 (4) 

041001 AXE VALLEY (BJJ)(R Battier) P Cole 44-13 

000100 CHMA GOLD (P) (Mrs O Ibbotson) BOSS LStddaD 744. 
14-4000 VENEZ TRADER (BJD) (P Brunt) J Etharington 3-8-13 — 
FOOOOO SPACSHMtEH BOY (pO) (T Drake) R MchOia 64-13 — 

400000 SHARUPS WIMPY (B) (R Jefley) W Paarco 7^-5 

000300 OAVLL OD) (P Btackweiqj Winter 4-6-2 

J Raid 
M Wood 

S3 4-1 
91 10-1 
• 89 5-1 

000400 MSS PRnULA(Kavtf)WBarttMy 3-7-11 

044000 THATCHWLLE (lonj Mattwm) I Matthews 4-7-7-; — 
040100 LEFT RIGHT (D) (Mrs P Corny) Mrs N Macautey 3-7-7 . 
030000 PMLSTAR(B4I)(B Leach) A Balding 5-7-7 

4.15 E B F WHITLEY FILLIES STAKES (2-YO: £2,078: 6Q (9 runnars) 

4 (4) 

5 (S) 
9 (6) 

21 (1) 
» (3) 

25 (9) 
2B (2) 

42 (8) 

SS (7) 

QKMTZD (D) (C Wright) 
0031 MEADOWBANK (D) (R Sa 
3 AZYAA (Hamdan At 


, H Thomsen Jonas 66— 

32 rtXJ^BenaeRESrBH(R Semen MWOlcMnson 84 

00 HYTAK PET (N Draper) W" " 

„ Q Carter 






- GDtctde 



. GRmach 


— J Lows 



— J Raid 


- G Carter 



. A Moray 

• » 





4 JUST OJtSS(Prtnc« Ahmad Sakian) 3 Norton 64. 

KUMZAR{N CState) F Dot 8-8.™ 

0 SKVAWAY (Sheikh Mohammad) H Cadi 84 . 

— JLowa 91 — 
. G Franc* — — 

ZUAETR8I (Hamdan ai Maktoum) H Thomsen Jones 84. 

. PD’Aicy 



445 HONOR NURSERY HANDICAP (2-Y-O: £2,792: 1m) (11 runners) 

2 (7) 
8 ( 11 ) 
« ® 
22 ( 8 ) 
27 (1) 
29 (TO) 
M P) 

31 (2) 

32 (4) 
» (8) 
* CT 

1031 KHADRUF (Hamdan AI Maktoum) H Thomson Jones 67. 

6044 RAUNTMG (R SanqsiQfi M W DUaramn 8-10 

091 CALBOGUE(M Sttrtt) RSheatlW 68. 

.. A Murray 
. D Metals 
R C otiW M 

002D12 FQtMTAJNTS CHOICE (V) (Travl Hokflngs Lid) K Stflrifl 7-11 P Burke (7) 

400030 CABIWETTE (Cawthoraa Investmenrs Ltd] A BaHey 7-8 Ablgai Hicftarfs (7) 

004 FLUTEAU (B) (Mr? A PjftJChJ M Smite 7-8 — 

300 RIUSTAKB6. (Hamdan AI Maktoum) P Walwyn 7-7 

200100 JOHNNY SHARP (P WetzeQ S Norton 7-7 

340024 AV1NASEEH (Mrs C Tinkler) C TMdar 7-7 

0120*2 PHAROAH blue (Mrs CP«toras>C Britain 7-7 

100008 KNQCK9HARRY (P WMfl) R HoBnshaad 7-7 

82 FB-4 
82 5-1 
94 62 
86 7-1 
85 67 
97 — 
- JLMM #9910-1 

G Carter 9812-1 
— 88 — 

Course specialists 



Winners flunnwa 

Per Cant 

K Hodgson 

Winners Ruimem 


H Cecil 







G Harwood 




J Lowe 




M Stoute 




D Nictate 








. 26 



S Norton 




(Only qualifiers) 

Authaal begins to justify price 

From Onr Irish Racing Correspondent, DnbUit 

Authaal, the most expensive 
yearling ever sold at public 
auction in Europe, led from start 
to finish to win fee Jefferson 
Smurfit Memorial Irish St Leger 
at fee Cnrragh yesterday. 

Trained by David O'Brien, 
Authaal gave Sheikh Moham- 
med his first group one victory 
wife a colt in either England or 

Not only was this a first for 
the Shaikh but it also insured 
feat fee in-feted Sherear .pro- 
duced a classic winner from his 
only crop to race. 

Authaal was bred at Robert 
Sangster’s Swettenham stud and 
two seasons ago he was con- 
signed to the Gofls select sate at 
KjII where he fetched 3.1 mil- 
lion guineas. 

H» victory yesterday owed as 
much to the enterprise of his 
rider, Christy Roche; as his own 
ability. Knowing feat his mount 
was a natural front-runner, 
Roche aUowsd him to stride on 
from the start. 

After going half a mile he was 
five lengths m front of Faburola 
and by The halfway stage he had 
extended this advantage to (S 
lengths. Authaal began to slow 
in the straight but those behind . 
never looked like getting on 

Earlier in the afternoon Gulf 
King, trained by Paul KeUeway, 
became the fourteenth English- 
trained group winner in Ireland 
this season in the Panasonic 
Beresford Stakes. . Vincent 
O'Brien’s Ancient Times signed 
at 7-4 on but did.not finish in 
fee first four 

Bill Watts is thinking in terms 
of the Washington DC Inter- 
national for Teleprompter after 
Lord Derby's six-year-old com- 
pleted a Phoenix Ftot treble in 
the Breeders' Cup Prep Mile on 

Tony Ives led from the start 
and none of his moderate rivals 
was able to get in a challenge. 
Indeed, as Ives revealed after- 
wards, the biggert danger he bad 

to overcome was a slippery 
surface on the first turn where 
he almost lost his footing. Once 
back on an even feed, the 3-1 on 
chance was able to canter home 
by eight lengths from Istoriato. 

The Breeders' Cup Classic 
Trial went to Nashamaa. who 
ined a game victory over fee 
gjish challengers. Highland 
Chieftain and No m rood. 
Nashamaa fractured a fetlock a6 
a yearling and has a screw in the 

Curragh details 


L£QBR (£85,700: lrn 61) 

AUTHAAL b c by Stactar - GaBstto ‘ 
Mohammad) 34-12 C Roctw ^ 

Faburola b m by Fabulous Oancar - 
Ffeoia (Mrs J Duakl) 6»4 E Lb^m (7-2) 2 
I WMt Tb Ba b I by Rabano - . 
Ftanaonlan (SbeAti Mohunmed) 4^-4 S 
Cauttan 6-4 jt-fsv) 3 

ALSO RAN: 64 jt-tev Loading Counsel 
(491), Ramtch Jota (Sth). Banratoy (8th). 8 
ran. 5). 1541, 11 O V O 1 Srtea ■fotewin: 
£&fla Ptacas: £2^0. £2.40. OF; E153U 



By Mandarin 

2.0 UPTOTHEHILT (nap). 230 Final 
Ashington Grove. 3.30 Sparkford Lad. 4.0 
Ward. 4 JO Aid and AbeL 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.0 Star North. Z30 Brown Thatch. 3.0 Elegant 
Guest. 3 JO HeafogrifE 4.30 Aid And AbeL 

Going: firm 

Draw, low numbers best up to Ira 

2-Y-O C & G: £1,057: 1m) (12 runners) 

1 0 AQflLL BAY M McComadc W) W Wharton 11 

3 006 AHJWSTC Brittain 60 M Roberta 6 

O BILL LAVBKMH J Writer 94) PatEdltery12 

C Nutter 5 










0 BOY JAW; M Prescott 9 

0 F0H THE CRACK DMunaySraBi 9-0 _ RWarahan4 
0 GREAT CAESAR MJarrisfl-0 

4 KPKEWOG Harwood 60. 

BBOHA— NOW Brooks 60. 

0 TALUS H Cedi I 

TIMS 10 
_ N Adams 1 
E Quasi (3)7 
W Caracas 

00 UPTOTHEHB.TJ Dunlop 60 
11-8 UptettaWL 3-1 IQpKe&to, M Tabs. 8-1 Star North, 
10-1 Boy Jamie. 161 others. 

2J0 ARDEN EBF STAKES (E2J55: 1m 21 170yd) 

2 0001 FWAL THY JDirtop 3-8-3 WCnonl 

4 4040 CHICLET J Jenkins 4-9-0 — : Pat Eddery 8 

8 M4j NATIONAL MAtK A Wason 660 JWIlM* 

10 ml BROWN THATCH HCecf 667- 

11 4031 FOOB409OR Boss 667 

IS 0103 SOHO SUE (CO) D Ante 664 

42 0 RYANS DOVE G Price 67-11. 

43 SOU8AGAJ Mng 67-11 

44 03 SWAALEFODouab 67-11. 

SCaotien 3 


- PSte Eddera7 

— G IQog(5)6 

. WWoadsI 

45 836 5WEETWATER LASS M W Eddey 4-7-11 R Fen 5 

7-4 Free Try, 11-4 Brown Tatar. 61 PMeroeo, 61 Soto 
Sue. 161 CWcfeL Swmfaf, 14-1 attars. 

3* KINGSBURY HANDICAP (£1,808: 1m 4f 52yd) 

2 3122 90NAB.I 

4 0300 RESCUE PACKAGE G Lewis 368. 

5 2210 TOSCANA D Marks 54*7 

13 3323 A3HMGION GROVE O MffrmhSmKh 3-63- TOteta7 
20 3000 FENCHURCH COLONY S Wlas6612. Peal Eddery 12 

ni« ueu Aun nil i n nw. , g„ 1..^ _ 

21 0430 HIS HLAND BALL GWraqg 68-12 ■ 

26 8100 ARnSTKniAIVtQNM Pipe 68-9 _ 
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Saturday’s results 



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Tottenham~TX^Ti * Lg r EBB AT STAMF0Rp BRinG r 

storm nouins signals mayday |j§ 

as Chelsea are 
set on crash course 


By CB*e White 

ujjypooiZ Z; — ^ 

Tottenham Hon^ : ? 

__ By Stuart Jones 
Footfall Correspondent 


leaders earlier this year are 
unlikely to rise again. 

McLaughlin, Spademan 
and Speedie have stated that 
they intend to move away 


West Ham Utd 5 

v **■■■■ 3 

pounded om a I* 3 ,''® When Inhm .T Chelsea rather than to- 

^ of nor &STS&S2S? ^ a reconciliation. ThS 

2L5*» *5" sSd^thS llewasunder - SS? gues « d£ 

Chelsea’s man™, ■ ai ™y as wen, as Dixon admit- 

JSeas "”* h * ted at the end of the wildly 

unpredictable afternoon. 

“There are a lot of troubles 
at the dub," be said. “With 
transfer requests flying in all 
the time, it obvionsfy isn’t 

s^isaa? 55 

one, and 

in north 


1 . *■», chat- 

lowly being mounted 
London. Following 

< 23S eous Prtff 

Ueftat at Anfield 

. r — -- manager might 

out^nf 6 ? a peers 

out of his cockpit window, 

w that one wing has filfcn 
offl the other is on fire, and 
eavwages that the. forthcom- 

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itr * - 
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^“cond tune at home in 74 

Never have I seen a Totten- 

^ more fearlessly 
more determinedly, and at the 
same time so sldllfiUhrTit wasS 

v| ctofyiolayafewgb<«rSd 

superstitions, indudingiw 

□SS "^inspiration! 

D^vid Pleat, the manager 

_ Il s D «* U> come north and 
get something. I always had a 
•ear everyone was against you; 
the enwd, the refereefli fdt^f 
you had no friends", he said. 
Tottenham chained all that on 


ffye Liverpool every con- 
ceivable chance in the last 20 
minutes to save this absorbing 
game. * 

It must be a while since 
Merseyside suffered two defeats 
Against London on the same 
day, not to mention two in their 
^ “ w«»sive 
****ends - Charlton Athletic 
and Arsenal respectively, have 
acted as Tottenham’s allies in 
these combined assaults on the 
bastion of the English game. 

It must be a while, too, since a 
visiting team were so downright 
disrespectful of the Liverpool 
legend. Waddle had limitless 
cheek. In a game of cut and 
thrust no one was more incisive. 
He left Beglins’s reputation in 


irJde WgS ^ 8omf spell and then collapsed 
uSSpSjtnShST 8 - 11 a8a “ u up to us to sortit 

out and most of the players 

DKn unhinged for the third pulling together” 3 
ume m the match, were tatbefrew 

fourth from bottom, for 
“most” to puH together is not 
enough and Hollins could not 

circle and towards the 
possibility of defeat Yet even 

scored from the spot. 
McAvennie, later to limp off 
with a pulled hamstring (and 
so out of Scotland’s squad), 
equalized before Stewart con- 
verted the first ofhis penalties. 

Godden was adjudged to 
have committed an offence, 
even though Keen had headed 
wide before the pair collided. 
Chelsea, stung by the words of 
their manager during the 
interval, then ran into their 
“good spelT with goals from 
Dixon and Bumstead before 
“collapsing a gain " 

But for Godden’s remark- 
able save from Gale, their 
defence would have been bro- 
ken on more than three o cc a- 
sions within five minutes. 
Cottce was credited with the 
last two strikes and later paid 
tribute to the influence of 
Bonds, who 

if they h^ amnnithp *5? "““S 00 " not Bonds, who was “nmning 

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iere was not a Tottenham 
player who could not have 
delighted the manager, David 
Pleat. Even the stranger, 
Claesen, his expensive new sign- 
ing. had him purring. *Tve told 
him he won’t play in a faster 
first division game or » pin« a 
better team. He’ll improve as he 
Rets .to know us," Ik said. The 
Betean is quick and bright, very 
nnular, as Pleat says, to Paid 

But all the promise and 
imagination ofTotlenham’s for- 
ward work would have counted 
for nothing if their defence had 
not been so combative, so 
secure. Gough, one of the honest 
playeri — one with heart— stood 
defiantly at the centre of 
Tottenham's defence like a Gen- 
eral Coster. So fest and dean 
was his tackling that Rush never 
knew what hit hfriy "It was a 
good test for him . . . you come 
to Liverpool and you And out 
what good football's all about,” 
Pleat said. 

Within 29 seconds of the 
restart, Allen nipped in to get 
goal side of Grobbdaar to touch 
home Waddle's perceptive pass 
at the end ofa superbly bold run 
for Allen's 12th goal in 11 
games. And the response to the 
goal came not from Liverpool, 
but from Tottenham them- 
selves. la the next few minutes 
they struck four times without 
reply at the Liverpool defence, 
and in feet Gaesen put the ball 
in the net at the end of another 
damaging Waddle ran, but the 
goal was disallowed for an in- 

have avoided the subsequent 

To have done so, they 
a collective spirit as a 
Parachute. Instead, in the 
absence of three senior players 
who are threatening to bale 
out, their already-crumbling 
morale was explosively 

As Hollins attempts to pick 
up the pieces again, he is 
aware that the da in_ 
fueled throughout the week is 
extensive ana could even be 
beyond repair. The team who 
challenged the championship 

see the 
funny side 

By Vmce Wright 

Chariton Athletic had their 
of ff* season - 
10,364 — for the home gnw 
agejnst Evertm on Saturday and 
had even more reason to smile 
after unexpectedly winning 3-2. 
Melrose, who gave Watson — 
Everton’s expensive si gning 
from Norwich City - a thor- 
oughly uncomfortable after- 
noon, scored all three Chariton 
goals with his right foot Sbeedy 
twice replied for Everton, who 
must be relieved that their next 
match is against a dub from 
outside London; their two pre- 
vious defeats were by Arsenal 
and Tottenham Hotspur. 

thdr backsides Jacking,” he was born in 1965". 
said. “I know Christmas is Chelsea need hn 

coming, but West Ham could 
not have expected a present 
like that.” He added that he 
was in favour of enter taining 
matches “but not at our 
expense. Our marking was 
very, very poof". 

The standard of refe r e e in g 
was not appreciably better in 
an extraordinary game that 
was punctuated by three pen- 
alties, only the thud of which 
was unquestionable. Nevin 

Chelsea need honest, loyal 
servants like Bonds, a 40-year- 
old who played a prominent 
role, alb eit as a substitute, in a 
performance described justifi- 
ably by John Lyall as 
“spectacular, dramatic and 
pulsating stuff”. A doomed 
pilot might be entitled to a 
different version of Chelsea’s 

WEST HAM UMTED: P Parkas: R S»w- 
.y- Q Gain. P neon. X KeorrM 

Want F McAvam (sin W ftwte i a 
OM cons. A Cottoa. N Oir. A 



Telling Tony; Coton does not see eye to eyejrith Stevens, the referee, and fabooted 

Bames the Three goalkeepers 

put on the spot 


Gale's outstretched leg, Jones 5®***^- 

»■*•«« M RMdManaai). 

Forest are brought 
down by Sealy 

By David Powell 

for United 

By Nicholas Halting 

Manchester United 3 

Sheffield Wednesday ■„ 1 

. The Danish philosophy was 
simple. “When you have strong, 
heavy legs and you see Peter 
Barnes on the other side of the 
field ~ well, you just give it to 
him.” So said John Sivebadc, 
Manchester United's right back 
after a match in wmch the 
resurrection of Bames on the 

By Simon Jones 




Leicester City 

Nottingham Forest. 


Pleat will not be kidded into 
believing that the revolution has 

While Chariton are on the nix 
W i m bledon are moving in- the 
opposite direction. Their slide 
continued at Queen's Park 
Ranger^ where they were 
beaten 2-1. Bannister struck for 
Rangers in 16 seconds. Gage 
equalized from a penalty and 
McDonald Rangers' winner. 

Aston VUla and their man- 
ager, Billy McNdU, seem good 
for each other. Since McNeflTs 
arrival foe only thing Villa have 
lost is their inhibitions. Their 3- 
1 vuamy over Southampton at 
VUla Park was further proof of 
their improvement. Elliott, the 
centre hail scored twice and 
Evans was on target with a 
penalty. Wallace briefly brought 
Southampton back into 

Newcastle United hauled 
foern selves off the bottom with 
a 3-1 home win and swapped 
“’aces with the side they de- 
' Manchester City. Simp- 
ad but goals 

son gave City the lead „ 

by McDonald, Gascoigne^and 
. - . ihe ■ former City player, 

Cunnmgham Hftcd some of ttc 

the most remarkable trans- 
formation was m the second 
division, where Reading drew 3- 
3 at Sheffield United after being 
3-0 behind. 

Vbnison. A Hanssrv 
Rush, J Motoy. S McMahon. 

Let there be no suggestion 
that Nottingham Forest are 
about to lose their pi«» 
amongst the championship 
leaders. Brian Clough’s rid e, 
which has been a revelation this 
season, stormed Filbert Street 
on Saturday with aiywhwr bold 
attacking display - only to find 
that Leicester City, too, are a 
team transformed. 

Forest's first defeat since foe 
;ing day of the season, and 
resultant removal fiom foe 
top of foe first division, was an 
acceptable price to pay for 
providing the East Midlands 
with a derby they will never 
forget- In a match of stirring 
quality. Forest — after winning 
II corners— were good value far- 
ther interval lead, but Leicester 
responded with a second half 
performance which underlined 
why they are having their best 
start to a season for a decade. 

The crucial factor was the 
halftime substitution of Sealy 
for Moran, a case of turning bad 
hick into good. “It wasn't 
planned — Moran turned his 
ankle and could not go on,” 
Bryan Hamilton, foe Leicester 
manager, admitted. Within 
. seven minutes Sealy, who had 
made victory out of defeat as a 
second half substitute for Moran 
at Manchester City the previous 
Saturday, had set up the equal- 
izer. Ana, in seizing on a short 
bade pass from Walker to square 
for Smith to make a simple tap 
in, Sealy collided with Sutton, 
who had to be stmehered off 
When Bowyer took over in 
goal, Leicester saw their chance 
and Forest’s defence gave them 
a helping band. McAllister, 
unmarked, made it 2-1 from 
dose range and then scored 
from a twice- taken penalty after 

the Leagues highest scorers 
began as if they had set them- 
selves that target. Campbell and 
Carr e ach escaped foe Leicester 
defence but Andrews w™* 
quickly out to Mock, Venus 
cleared off the line fiom Births 
and Andrews showed smart 
reactions to keep out further 
shots from Metgod and Birtles. 
The breakthrough came after 41 
mi nu te s, when Birtles com- 
pleted a sweeping Forest move 
by soaring from five yards. 

Leices t er served notice that 
they could hand out punches as 
well as cake them when Smith's 
header had Walker 

bade to dear off the 

was the excitement that even foe 
referee seemed to lose track of 
time, adding a generous four 
m i n u tes on to the first half and 
fi ve to the second. - — •• 

JBCCSTEH CITY: I Andrews; S Morgan. 
M Vonus, R Oman, s WWteh. 5 
McAiaar. A Mauctalen. S Moran (sutxA 

Watching this match was a bit 
I"“ timing on foe television 
and Dad changing the channels 
ju st w hen you were getting 
interested. The premature end- 
ing came when the Watford 
goalkeeper, Tony Coton, was 
sent off for persistent dissent 1 0 
minutes into foe second hall 
Coton's original offence was 
to protest to a linesman when a 
penalty was awarded for 

commendable sureness in his 
handling “Blimey, he’s better 
than Luktc.” one wag suggested. 
Lukic. lhe Arsenal goalkeeper, 
does noi endear himself to the 
Highbury faithful because ofhis 
worrying Continental habit of 
punching crosses and. by the 
end of the game, he must have 
felt like Barry McGuigan on a 
bad day as Barnes, in particular, 
floated over some teasing bolls. 

Falco. making his debut, 
scored Watford’s equalizer M 
minutes into foe second hall 
after a fluent Arsenal had taken 
the lead when Groves curled a 

opposite flank had so much to awtuuca ror an i v” • — - 

do with Sheffield Wednesday awkward challenge on Groves sho1 ,n . oflr ^ wood- 

hems an unwitting party to by the former Arsenal player. M>rfc " HlS neaI heaA * r ■ 

Rostrum. Since he continued to 
complain, presumably in rather 
colourful terms, the referee may 
well have had no option but to 
point to the tunnel, though he 
did so in a melodramatic fesb- 
ion which did not inspire con- 
fidence in him as a figure of 

being an „ 

United's latest revivaL 
What Saturday's result, and 
the spectacular manner of fts 
achievement, can only mean is 
that United are hack — and with 
a particular vengeance that was 
felt by Wednesday, who having 
won the previous four matches 
took a fourth-minute lead when 
Chamberlain looped a header 
from Manvood’s cross over 

And it seemed to be only a 
matter of “here we go again” 

. His neat header was a 
fining finish after Barnes had 
eluded O’Leary with a Puskas- 
style bounce of the ball on his 

With six minutes remaining. 
Arsenal added a third goal. The 
giant Quinn, who had looked 
‘r 05 ? " us on a skidpan most of 
the time, received a centre from 

When ihe hubbub hud died ■ S^K,P" hiS f0rtl,ead “ d 
down Hayes sneaked in the 35L225 l ™ ! ' 
penalty to give Arsenal a ~ 

Saaty). A Smtth. | WBsoh, PBunceT 
HOIVmQHAM FQflEST: S Sutton (sub: G 
MBs); fl Ftamlng, S Poarc*. 0 MMfcer, J 
MMgod, I Bowyer. F Carr, N Wtobb. N 
CSough, G BeUes, DCamptel. 

R a ter — - J Martin. 

Birthday present 

Tony Adams of Arsenal re- 
ceived a belated 20th birthday 
present at foe weekend when 
named the Fiat Uno Young 
Player of the Month by a panel 
chaired by England manager 
Bobby Robson. The 6ft lin 
England tmder-21 international 
centre-half will receive an in- 
scribed silver salver and a 
cheque for £200 to his nomi- 
nated charity. 

JrfstoB: M tew aS t. C han— 1; Qri— t p, 
Tottenham ft Portsmouth 0. Watfaxd 3; 
Southend 4, Norwich ft West Ham Z. 
Queen’s Rerti Rangers a Second d- 
■tetaB Bournemouth 1. Cofchester t; 
Brenttorf a Oxford 2; Brighton 2, 
Northampton £ Bristol Rovers 1. 
Southerapton ft Luton 5, Southend 1; 
Reading 6, Swindon 1. 

when foe referee awarded 
United a dubious penalty after 
Worthington's untidy rhnflpnp- 
on Strachan. Bearing in mind 
the embarrassment of their 
three recent misses from the 
spot, you could almost sense 
United players secretly pleading 
with the official: “Come on ret 
give us a corner, we'll settle for 
that instead.” Stiff Davenport 
scored confidently with the lack, 
and after that there was no 
looking back. 

Barnes, who had lound 
defenders queuing up behind 
Steri and to take nun on in the 
first half, suddenly cut loose as 
United varied their direction of 
attack with a string of passes 
from deep on the right to him 
shimmying away to provide 
crosses from the left. 

Twice in a minute from 
moves fashioned in this way. 

And with supreme justice, it 
was Barnes, who laid on the 
decisive goals in foe last five 
minutes, finding. Davenport 
with a deep cross that was 
turned back for Whiteside to 
turn in, before sending over a 
corner that was flicked on by 
Hogg for Davenport to apply the 
coup de grace with a lovely 
overhead * 


lead. It all seemed somewhat 

Nigel Callaghan, foe Watford 
winger, had by then taken over 
in goal and was to display a 

fjjP yffV ? yfftereT J> Oleary’feub:* 

ABnson). A Mams. D RocasVe. P Davis. 
NOwm-PBroves. M Hares. 

WATFOR D: A Colon; D Bardstey. W 

RgMrttt. K Richardson. S Tuny, J 
WcOafa nd. N i CMtoghan. L Bfasatt. M 

Russians take control 

From Simon O’Hagan 



Soviet Union. 



HOTSPUR: R Ctatiwnco; G 
StWBns. M Thomas. G Roberts. R Gough. 
G Mattoutt, C Allan. N CtM—n. C WattSa, 
G Hottote. A GsMn (sufc P Atom. 
Referee: K A flacttam. 

Smith, trying to cut in between 
Pearce and walker, was tripped. 

The programme reminded us 
that Leicester's record defeat 
(12-0) was against Forest, and 

dS5e itaMbefc? 

Spenew 3. Woooon 3; Potion S, Bracfday 
1:, Bounds 2. K anroton 1; Spalding t 
WhBgbmq i: Strard t. s andlCBrty 5: 

I2.^nes bury 1 . 


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Sheffield utd 

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Referee: D Shaw. 

Scottish premier division 

. France, foe European cham- 
pl °?Ss “F “ forager of feillng to 
qualify for foe finals of the 1988 
championships after losing lo a 
superb Soviet Union side here 
on Saturday. With only one 
team going through from their 
group, the Soviet Union have 
already seized a decisive advan- 
tage by dealing the French their 
ifrst home defeat in 21 match es 
On fois form, foe Russians are 

possibly ihe best side in Europe, 
of attacking flair and 
Possessing in Zavarov and 
Yakovenko two briHiani in- 
dividuals to augment their 
outstanding teamwork. 

To those who followed the 
Ruyians in the World Cup, this 
penormance came as no sur- 
prise. It was in Mexico that these 
countries last met, their ]-l 

draw providing one of the 
highlights of foe opening phase. 

Alas, the France of that day were 

but a fond memory at Pare des 
Princes on Saturday. By the end 
of foe match, as Henri Michel 
the French manager, acknowl- 
edged, they had outclassed them 
in every department When the 
goals arrived — hi the 66th 
minute by Belanov and the 78th 
by Rats — they had seemed long 

Satit-G ermahi). B BoE (AuxarreXsub: P 


dirty tricks 
on hull 

From Barry Picktball 

Gale force 
winds kicking 
up a wall of 
white water 
fishing boat har- 
bour forced the cancelation of 
yesterday's eigth day of chal- 
lenger trials, and the promising 
titan battle between Dennis 
Conner's Stars & Stripes and her 
rival America II. 

Yesterday’s programme, in 
w-hich Britain's White Crusader 
was due to meet Heart of 
America, skippered by Buddy 
Melges. has now been held over, 
awaiting the 40-knot north- 
easterly winds to aboil below the 
30- knot maximum set by the 
race committee. Crusader, 
which scored an easy win 
against the Aga Khan's Italian 
entry. Azzurra HI. on Saturday, 
now holds fourth place overall 
behind lhe two unbeaten leaders 
— Stars & Stripes and New 
Zealand IV, with America II, 
skippered by John Kolius. cur- 
rently 3rd. 

Arguments surrounding the 
construction of New Zealand's 
glass fibre 12-mcirc rumbled on, 
with a report in yesterday's 
Weekend Australian, stating 
that a prominent member ofa 
Uni led States syndicate claimed 
he had obtained a section of 
decking from the New Zealand 
boat's cut-out which contained a 
black substance that could be 
carbon fibre - an illegal 

The disclosure came hard on 
the heels of a statement issued 
by Lloyds Register of Shipping 
on Saturday that the New 
Zealand yacht had been built 
correctly to their specifications, 
and they saw no reason for re- 
sampling of the hull. 

At a weekend press con- 
ference. Gianfranco Alberini. 
commodore of the Costa 
Smcralda Yacht Club said that 
he wanted this matter, and the 
accusation — also made by 
Conner’s San Diego Syndicate — 
that some keels may have been 
cost from materials with a 

greater specific gravity than 
lead, cleared up as quickly as 

Yesterday, the New Zealand- 
ers poured scorn on the Ameri- 
can claims: “We built it under 
strict security and the deck does 
not contain carbon fibre”, he 


USA US61 jUSl. 3hr 29mm llsec n 
Canada fl KC2 (Can). 32938. Wining 
morgue W7. 

New Zealand K27 (1423. 321:08 M 
CoKg»U|US26 tUS), 32933. Winning 

White Crusader K24 (GBL 325-17 hr 
Auurra 110 (U) 32929. Wiming ntegjnc 

AmenCT ll US46 (US). 32313 M Chal- 
tenge France (Fra), withdrawn, 
fata US60 (US! 328:17 bt Heart of 
Anwrica US51 (US). 3295ft Whang 
nurgn 135. 

French Kss F7 (Fra). 325:16 bt itafia 17 
{fta). 3-34.-09. Winning 853 


New Zeeland IV 
Stars & Stripes _ 
America II 

White Crusader 5 

French Ktss 4 


Canada II 
Italia ....... 


Heart qf America . 
Azzurra in 


Papta . 

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Refuse: P Casarin (Holy). 


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WNte Crusader V Heart of America: 

America II; Hefia 
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Q99 A week’s sparring with 
The fun Becker makes Bale a 

over the 

heavyweight champion 

By Bex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

' From David Miller 
Chief Sports Correspondent 

THe in-fighting hn$ started. 
The members of the Inter- 
national Olympic Committee 
arriving at the Palais de 
Beaulieu here for the opening 
ceremony of the 91st session 
were greeted on the steps of 
the conference hall by a 20- 
yard banner proclaiming: 

“Amsterdam Never”. 

The suave Barcelona 
delegation politely side- 
stepped the dishevelled pro- 
testers and endeavoured not to 
lymt lo, privately hoping that 
police tolerance of the banner 
wiD continue nntiJ Friday 
when the voting for 1992 takes 

Such demonstrations as this 
swung the voting in 1981 at 
Baden-Baden away from Na- 
goya and towards SeoaL die 
IOC the most provoc- 

ative selection of hosts for the 
summer Games In their his- 
tory — “a disaster,” one 
member of the executive board 
has privately described it 

Amsterdam would be no 
disaster. It would, I believe, be 
an admirable choice, yet polls 
conducted in tbe city suggest 
that only 45 pear cent of the 
inhabitants are in favour and 
20 per cent are against the 
Games because of present 
budget cuts. 

A week's practice with Boris 
Becker could make a man or 
break a man. It seems to have 
made Stuart Bale, aged 22, a 
left-handed Londoner who 
was languishing in the wilder- 
ness when he was invited to 
Essen a fortnight ago to 
sharpen up to German Davis 
Cup team. The sparring part- 
ner did his stuff — and then 
flew home and became a 

champion, with a cheque for 

"1 had to conquer the fear of 
winning,” Bale said yesterday. 
Obviously he has done it Bale 
won the men's singles in the 
Refuge Assurance national 
championships at Telford by 
beating all bis five opponents 
in straight sets. Those oppo- 
nents included the Davis Cup 
singles players, Jeremy Bates 
and Andrew Csstie. 

In the final Castle needed to 
be at peak fitness but may 
have been slightly inhibited by 
two minor strains. He went 
down 6- 1, 7-6 to a player with 
tbe hardest British service 
since Mike Sangster's. More- 

over, Bale knows how to vary 
and is willing to gamble. 
Suddenly Bale is “on a roll” 
as they say. He owes Becker a 

Jo Durie, ranked 19th in the 
world, regained the women's 
title with a 6-4, 6-2 win over 
last year’s champion, Anne 
Hobbs. Miss Durie was serv- 
ing at 1-2 and love-4-0 down 
in the first set but for the rest 
of (he match the waspishly 
lively Miss Hobbs was over- 
powered by a bigger and better 

Muss Durie and Miss Hobbs 
won tbe doubles for the fourth 
consecutive year. In the sin- 
gles semi-finals Miss Durie 
was too good for Sara Gomer, 
who played well considering 
that she had pulled a thigh 
muscle, and Miss Hobbs 
asked Annabel Croft’s back- 
hand more questions than it 
could answer. 

Bates and Nick Fulwood 
won the men's doubles and 
must be candidates for the 
Davis Cup vacancy left by 
Colin Dowdeswdl and John 

Lloyd. In the singles semi- 
finals Jonathan Smith seemed 
not to give himself much of a 
chance against Bale (whose 
serving gave Smith hardly any 
scope for negotiation anyway) 
and Castle mastered Stephen 
Shaw after a violently dose 
first set Tactically, Castle was 
the more flexible. 

Paul Hutchins, tbe national 
team manager, has been so 
heartened by the week’s tennis 
that he herpes up to eight men 
— some of whom would need 
financial help from tire Lawn 
Tennis Association — will 
compete in Australia during 
the British winter. Roger Tay- 
lor has been engaged to look 

after the tourists for six weeks. 

The venture may cost the LTA 
more than £10,000. 

This was an encouraging 
week for players of both sexes 

and for the championships 
themselves. In only four years 

Easy for McEnroe 

Skiing centre pot 
on their show 

Scottsdale (AP) — John 
McEnroe, tbe top seed, secured 
a straight-sets victory over 
David Pate, the fourth seed, in 
Saturday’s semi-finals of the 
WCT Scottsdale Open and will 
play third-seeded Kevin Curren 
for the championship. 

Before the rain struck to 
suspend both semi-final doubles 
matches, McEnroe and Peter 
Fleming, the second seeds, won 
the first set 6-4 against Leonardo 
Lavalle and Mike Leach, while 
the No. 3 seeds. Scott Davis and 

Pate, won their first set 6-2 
against the top seeds, Paul 
Annacooe and Christo Van 

McEnroe needed just 67 min- 
utes to eliminate Pate 6-3, 6-3 
and reach the finals for the third 
time in his last three tour- 
naments. The 27-year-old left- 
hander won both the Volvo-Los 
Angeles and Transamcrica 
Open in San Francisco 

themselves. In only four years 
the tournament has estab- 
lished a tradition that many 
other European nations must 
envy. Except for Lloyd. 
Britain's leading players have 
all taken part consistently — 
partly because the prize 
money is good and partly 
because they think they 
should compete anyway. 

“This tournament is good for 
British tennis”. Miss Durie 
says, “and it is up to players 
like me to support it by 
putting our reputations on the 

RESULTS; Snobs: SnMuk J 
McEnroe (US) bt DPata (US) 6-3, 6-3; K 
Curren (US) bt T Wtaken (US} 7-5. 6-4. 

fHUS:— n*»»MT.S Bale bt A Caste 

6-1. 7-5. Women's singles: J Durie bt A 
Hobbs 64, 6-2. Man’s teritees J Bates 
and N Fahvood bt N Brown and J Smith 6- 
2, 7-5- W o m a n ’ s doubte r J Durie and A 
Hobbs MB Borneo and VWate 6-1, 6-1. 

most concentrated # « . A % A i 

sxsk Miss Davies powers to title 

ino rflndvflnss A 

-Albertville, the centre of 
possibly the most concentrated 
area of foe skiing industry on 
foe globe, were first out of foe 
stalls waving candyfloss 
enticement on Saturday night 
a huge fee show, including 
hockey and world champion- 
ship skaters ami 2,000 school- 
children supported by 3,000 
adult volunteers, all imported 
from France and prepared over 
foe past six months. We have 
reached the absurdity where 

opening ceremonies are staged 

to launch merely a bid, never 
mind foe Games. 

The commercial bendit of 
the whiter Games to Albert- 
ville and Its surrounding sid- 
ing resorts, such as Val 
D'lscre, Tignes, Courchevel 
and MferibeL where different 
events will be staged, is im- 
measurable. Their view of foe 
five Olympic aides is, I 
suspect, prefixed with a double 
F: French francs. 

_ Tbe whole bidding scenario 
is out of control, with almost 
enough money spent on 
promotion by 13 ca n dida t es to 
stage foe Games themselves 
and it is in danger of further 
discrediting by extravagance 
the Olympic movement 

To have moved from tire 
crisis of only one c and i da te for 
tbe summer Games of 1984 to 
the present scramble for the 
honour may be a reflection of 
Peter Ueberroth’s enterprise 
for Los Angeles but foe exec- 
ntive board will have to discuss 
a more disciplined control of 
expenditure, gifts and free 
travel for their members be- 
fore foe decision is made for 
1996. It would be better that 
candidates paid a large, non- 
refandable deposit to the 

Olympic Solidarity Fund for 
distribution in foe develop- 
ment of sport to smaller 

Albertville's extravagance 
will have done no good, 1 
suspect, for the summer 
chances of Paris, even though 
tbe Prune Minister, Jacques 
Chirac, is about to arrive here 
and attempt to see at private 
receptions some two thirds of 
tbe IOC members over the 
next four days. 


By Mitchell Platts 

Laura Davies provided Brit- 
ish golf with another success to 
celebrate yesterday when she 
compiled a last round of 70 to 
capture the British Women's 
Open championship az Royal 

the tee. Miss Davies outdrove 
Miss Conley by 30 yards at tbe 
first, where she made a birdie to 
her opponent’s regulation five. 

to take three putts on the next 

Miss Davies, aged 23. became 
the first home winner of the 
Championship since 1978 when 
foe swept past Peggy Conley of 
the United States, to win tbe 
£9,000 first prize with a 17- 
under-par aggregate of 283. 

Miss Davies, who only turned 

C fessional last year, began her 
il round three shots adrift, 
but had four shots to spare at the 
end as Miss Conley struggled to 
a 77 to share second (dace with 
Marta Figueras-Dotti (73) of 

Miss Conley’s three-foot lead 
was soon erased by Miss Davies, 
although the American contrib- 
uted to her own downfall by 
adopting such a meticulous and 
tentative approach that she 
automatically handed the initia- 
tive to her opponent 

Her prodigious drive at the 
second left her only a wedge to 
the green which she deposited 
just 18 inches from tbe hole for 
an eagle three. 

In tact. Miss Davies should 
have moved ahead at the third, 
where Miss Conley drove into a 
bunker, but she revealed the 
putting chink in her armour by 
rushing her second effort from 
two feet and (he ball agonizingly 
slipped past the hole. 

That error placed an addi- 
tional burden on Miss Davies at 
the short fourth, where she left 
herself a second putt of six feet 
in order to salvage a per. But foe 
solved the problem by reverting 
to a cack-handed grip — using 
her left hand below the right — 
and to her relief the ball found 
the sanctuary of the bole. 

From the moment (hat Miss 
Conley backed off her first putt 
on the apron of the opening 
green, it was abundantly clear 
that she was not relishing the 
task ahead- And Miss Davies- 
demoralized her by making an 
electrifying stan. 

Tbere is still room for 
improvement in some depart- 
ments of Miss Davies’s game, 
especially with her putting, but 
even so foe has brought a new 
dimension to the WPGA tour 
through her immense power off 

Thereafter Miss Davies 
continued to e x pe rim ent with 
her grip on the putter^he holed 
from 10 feet at the fifth, so 
matching Miss Conley's birdie, 
and foe finally wriggled ahead 
by coaxing home a putt of four 
feet for a two at the short 

The next two boles virtually 
decided the issue. Miss Davies 
holed from 12 feet for a birdie 

three at the eighth whereas Miss 
Conley took five and the Ameri- 
can, dearly in some distress 
with her game, then proceeded 

Norman’s four In a row 

Tweed Heads (Renter) — A 
10-yard putt for an eagle at the 

14th hole set Greg Norman, the 
world's leading player this year, 
on the path to a six-stroke 
victory in the Queensland Open 

Trailing Jeff Woodland by 
two foots after the third round, 
the British, European and world 
match play champion went 
round in 70 for an 1 1-under-par 

total of 277 and his fourth 
tournament win in a row. 

Jump ahead: Donald McDcmaMCN ^bon^? ^on"top (holograph: Hugh Rontledge) 


have a 
field day 

England wait on 
group table 

By Sydney Frisian 

Poland stepped into high gear 
and outran Spain to win 5-2 in 
group B of the World Cup at 
Willesden yesterday (Sydney 
Friskrn writes). It was tbe 
second victory for Poland, who 

pushed Spain out of tbe running 
for medals. 

Miss Davies, out in 32 com- 
pared with her opponent’s 39, 
bad forged four foots ahead. She 
forfeited half of that advantage 
by taking five at the short 12th, 
where she was in the bunker, but 
by that stage the damage to.Miss 
Conley's morale bad diluted any 
possibility of a counter-attack. 

for medals. 

The Poles were given plenty 
of room to work the ball and 
they took foil advantage of the 
open spaces, their inode left 
Podzorski having a field day 

with four spectacular goals to his 


Spain, it seemed, had not 
recovered from the 6-0 defeat by 
Australia and never got back 
into the game once they were 
two goals in arrears. Podzorski 
scored tbe first goal in tbe 10th 
minute after a foot fry Miroslaw 
had been saved by the goal- 
keeper; and within two minutes 
he raced through on his own to 
obtain tbe second goaL 

England gave 
one of their 
finest perfor- 
mances for 
many years 
when they de- 
feated Pakistan 3-1 before a 
crowd of 1 1,000 at Willesden on 
Saturday in Group A of the 
World Cup. It was a day largely 
influenced by the penalty stroke. 
Jon Potter converting two for 

It would have been a day of 
sweet fulfilment had the result 
been enough to assure England 
of a place in tbe semi-finals. Tbe 
suspense will have to be pro- 
longed until the end of today 
when the League table 
complications involving the 
Netherlands, the Soviet Union 
and England are resolved. 

Within 21 minutes of the first 
half which was almost com- 
pletely dominated by England, 

had saved from Bather at a foort 
corner, the lead was incresed in 
the 21st minute. Nasir Ali at 
left-back foiled to intercept a 
free hit by Batchelor and Kelly 
came in at high speed to score, 
fn the second half Taylor con- 
ceded a penalty stroke and 
Kaleemullah sent him the 
wrong way to score.. 

England, launching a fierce 
counter-offensive forced a 
succession of short corners, one 
of which led to a scramble and 
another penalty stroke conceded 
a gain by the unfortunate Qasim 
Zia. Potter converted the stroke 

CafeSksrty; N Hughes. I Stowwmni 
PAKISTAN: Msnsoor Amhnttd: Cteajm 

21a, Near AS (sub. Qab MoNb). Atxkd 
DssteL Iwz Matanood SfcaftkU Manx 

Hassan Sarter 

(capote), Shebbaz Ahmad, 
aTtahat Khan (*te, Hnklar 

Card of course 

Royal Brkdate 

Hot* Yds Par Hoto Yds Par 

419 5 10 319 4 

388 5 11 316 4 

325 4 12 145 3 

171 3 13 425 5 

307 4 14 148 3 

430 5 15 396 5 

114 3 16 289 4 

366 4 17 431 5 

9 352 4 II 447 5 

Out 2JBT2 37 In 2£16 38 

Total yantoga: 5,788 Pan 75 

Beverley New created a new 
women's course record atRoyal 
Birfcdale by linking nine birdies 
to an eagle (which also con- 
stitutes a one-round record for 
the WPGA Tour) for a dosing 
66, which lifted her into fourth 
place with a score of 288. Miss 
New found an astonishing touch 
the greens and she rationed 
herself to only 25 putts. 

Vikki Thomas, the Welsh 
international who was the only 
representative of the victorious 
Curtis Cup team to compete in 
the championship, followed her 
hole in one on Saturday with a 
last round of 70 to take fifth 
place one shot ahead of the 
defending champion Betsy King 
(74), of the United States. 

There might have been some 
encouragement for Spain if they 
had converted a penalty stroke 
in the 24th minute but goal- 
keeper Knlpa made a splendid 
save from De Paz who seldom 
misses from the spot. 

Spain, however, hit back with 
a brilliant goal four minutes 
after tbe interval by Roca who 
had combined well with Xavier 
Escude but from the restart 
Podzorski was at it again, 
running through unopposed to 
score Poland’s third goal- From 
a short corner in the 1 9th 
minute of the second half, 
Miroslaw scooped tbe baft high 
into the net for Poland’s fourth 

they scored two goals and, 
although their confidence was 

Ahmed). Parvsb (qbat 

Undoes: S Deo (Spite) and A da UaocN 


• A goal from a penalty stoke by 
Ties Kmize eight minutes be- 
fore the end, gave the Nether- 
lands a 1-0 victory over New 
Zealand and their fourth in a 
row in Group A. 

although their confidence was 
slightly shaken early in the 
second half when Paldstant 
reduced the lead, they were able 
to regain control of tbe game, 
and dictate its course almost to 
the end. 

England had 12 foots at goal 
to Pakistan's four. The tally of 
short comers was eight to 
England and none to Pakistan, 
and it was the'first short corner 
that led to a goal in the sixth 
minute. Sberwanfs follow-up 
shot after the goalkeeper had 
saved from Dodds finished 
against tbe legs of Qasim Zia on 
the line, and Potter converted 
the inevitable penalty Stroke- 

After the Pakistani goalkeeper 

England 3. Pakistan 1; Nadi a rt a n d s t. 

cngaoiu a, rawwi towmbh >. 
Now Zealand & Soviet Union O, Argentina 


P W D 
Netherlands 4 4 0 

England 4 3 
it Union 4 3 

Soviet Union 
New Zealand 

F A Pt» 

5 1 8 

B 4 8 

4 1 6 

4 6 2 

8 11 2 

4 100 

Zeeland v Argentina (230). England v 
Nattietente (430), Soviet Union v Paki- 

stan ( 6 - 30 ). 


Wigan show the way for Bamford 

By Keith Madeira 

In a bre athtak i n gfy exciting 
second half which had die 
30.000 crowd at Central Park 
bordering on delirium Wigan — 
without the injured Ellery Han- 
ley — pulled bade from 2-20, 
scored three thrilling tries, and 
held the Kangeroos to an 18-26 
final scoreline; 

In the first half it seemed that 
the Australian juggernaut would 
cany on rolling as remorselessly 
as it did on the 1982 tour. 
Within three minutes the foil 
back la He made a gni rhing 
break and sent O’Connor over 
in the comer. Sterling and Oeal 
scored further tries and 
O’Connor kicked two goals. 

the tonristS-GQJ made a 50-yard 
dash, then Australia appeared to 
have sewn tbe game up with a 
breakaway try by Lewis. How- 
ever Wigan’s lively scrum half 
Ford made a try for Bell on the 
left, then West sent Edwards 
scurrying 45 yards for a try. 

Although Kiss got another try 
for Australia, Wigan would not 
be denied and Bell sent in Lydon 

12 men by Dannatt's sending 
off. In yesterday’s Champion- 
ship games St Helens main- 
tained their leadership and 
unbeaten record by winning 34- 
12 at Barrow. 

for a try. Gill's convention goal 
being the final some. 

Great Britain coach Maurice 
Bamford left Central Park 
believing that his squad can beat 
tbe Australians in the forthcom- 
ing Test series if they can 
emulate the spirit and fight of 


At half time, Wigan were 
given a roasting by their coach, 
and responded by tearing into 

• In Saturday s Yorkshire 
Cup Final Castieford won 31-24 
after Hull bad been reduced to 

too 2D. West 
17; HUtort 8, 

rings 22 St 
I. MHnrow Z 
Wel fa re 20: 

The down 
game that 
is tops 

By Nigel Mdvflle 

(Former England Rugby 
Union captain) 

Thousands of young Austra- 
lians (are there really that many 
of them in London?) flocked to 

The Oval yesterda 
recreate the aun os 

Melbourne GrandFinal day. 

relay to try to 
loroherc of the 
id Final day. 

SIWUI iH, . 

They came 10 wimm tbe first 
official Australian Rules Foot- 
ball match in Britain. North 
Melbourne were' playing 
Carl ion. North Melbourne won 
133-86. The crowd's response 
would suggest it should bec om e 
an annualcvcnL They were well 
in keeping with their traditional 

diameter by consuming plenty 
of tubes of another, better 
known. Australian export. 

Following my previous day's 
visit to Twickenham, the open- 
ing 20 minutes were for livelier 
with Australian aggressive qual- 
ities in evidence. There were 
two punch-ups early on, illus- 
trating their commitment for 
this exhibition match and show- 
ing there was no love tost 
between the two sides. 

But tbe fighting was. appar- 
ently. not too serious and did 
not lead to bad injury. It's all 
part of the game which the 
crowd seems to enjoy. Befo re 
the start there was the razzma- 
tazz of a brass band, boo- 
merang-throwing and fireworks. 

Australian Rules is played by 
iaiL fit and powerful men, the 
equivalent of our rugby for- 
wards. with the possibteexcep- 
uon of prop forwards. The size 
of the pitch, using virtually the 

whole field, and the length of tbe 

match, with four quarters of 25 
minutes each plus stoppage 
time, makes fitness a prroniy. 

Each player has Uk combined 
kicking and catching skills of a 
full back and second row for- 
i ward. Some also have the speed 
of a winger. 

Fiesh from defeat in the 
Grand Final. Carlton took the 
upper hand initially against a 
North Melbourne tide which 
finished mid-table in the Vic- 
toria Football League. Carlton 
looked the better team and were 
57-42 ahead at half-time. 

Points are awarded for kicks 
between the sets of four posts. 
Six are scored for the ball 
through the middle two posts, 
and one point if it goes either 
side within the other two posts. 
Accuracy in their kicking was an 
outstanding feature of the 
match. Apparently foe record 
kick stands at 96 yards — 
approximately the fixtl length of 

again. i 

ENGLAND: I Tmton D Fat* am. P 
Bartow. J Foliar. R Dotes (captain), M 
Grkrdoy. S Bstttoirtor. R Laman (sub: R 

a rugby pitch! 

The game is officiated by two 
boundary umpires, two field 
umpires and two goal umpires — 
the most flamboyant of them all. 
Their white bats and white coats 
and their semaphore-like ges- 
tures. with two white flags on 
the scoring ofa goal, add to the 

North- Melbourne led 88-78 
by the third quarter. In the last 
phase Carlton faded, so the 
crowd ofj ust under 10,000 sawa 
further 45 points from their 
opponents giving North Mel- 
bourne the Courage Cup to take 
home to Australia. 


Martin easily 
the old record 

By Barry PickthaD 

John Martin sailed into an 
armada of ecstatic well wishers 
off his native Cape of Good 

Hope late on Saturday night 
when he arrived home at the 

when he arrived home at the 
head of the 24-strong BOC 
Challenge fleet at the first 
compulsory stop in this 27.000 
mile single-handed round the 
world race. 

Grossing the line under 

spinnaker shortly after 10 pm 
local time. Martin beat his 

local time. Martin beat his 
closest rival and previous win- 
ner, Philippe Jeantot, aboard 
the purpose-built French yacht. 
Credit Agricole HI, into port by 
12 hours to clip almost five days 
off the previous 47-day record 
for the 7,100 mile voyage from 
Newport Rhode Island, set four 
years ago by the Flying 

Martin's 60ft monobull. Tuna 
Marine Voortrekker. had rarely 
relinquished her advantage 
since leading out of Narragan- 
sett Bay when the race started on 
August 30. 

LEADING POSfllONS: 1. J Marttn. TUn 

Marine Voonrekkw . (SA), 42days Hr 
ftkrwi: 2. P Jeantot Crete Agricoia 18(A). 
42day» 13hr28nte. 

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Today’s television and radio programmes 


Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Daralle 


Hr. . , 

*•5° AM. 

ga ls 

Rasam - 

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#V1 ™wspapersaiej7 ^ 

1,00 §^ Aft »Noonw«h 
Richard Whitmore and Sue 

Carpenter, mdudes news 
headlines with subtittes 
1-25Regionai news and 

2M The Clothes Show. The 
first of a new series on 

fashion, presented by 

Sehna Scott and Jeff 
Banks. Tli 
London F; 

taking a 

d»e designers have to offer 
for spring and summer 

are at 


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2-30 The Life and Death of an 
Oak. A documentary about 
the importance of oak 
frees, (ri 3.15 Songs of 
Pmoe from Tottenham and 
Edmonton, (shown 
yesterday) (Ceefax) XSZ 
Regional news. 

155 Pie in the Sky. For the 
very young 4.10 WizM 
with Paul Daniels 430 The 
Mysterious Cities of Gold. 
Animated adventures of 
two young people in South 
America looking for hidden 
cities 4 j 45 Beat the 
Teacher. Paul Jones 
presents another round in 
the teachers versus pupte 
quiz game. 

&00 John Craven’s 

Newwound 5JJ6 Blue 
Peter. A Countryside 
Special in which Simon 
Groom rides Rags, the 
Blue Peter pony for the 
disabled, and leads a trek 
to find a haunted castle in 
Coity, Glamorgan. (Ceefak) 
535 London Plus. Presented 

a 1 John Stapleton, linda 
itched, and Caroline 

6.00 News with Nicholas 

WKcheli and Philip Hayton. 

635 The Queen in China. Sue 
Lawlay and the BBCs 
Mark Brayne* introduce 
highlights of the Quean's 
arrival In China at the start 
of her six-day visit 
7.00 Wogan. Esther Rantzen 
sksln for Teny this week. 
Among her guests this 
evening are Anthony ' 
Peridns, Bdwine Currie, 
and Lee and Gerald 
Burrell. Muse is provided 
by Whitney Houston. 

7.35 life on Earth. Part seven 
of David Attenborough's 
series focuses on raptfles. 
(r) (Ceefax) 

BJ0 Brush Strokes. Comedy 
series about an amorous 
painter and decorator. 

9L0O News with John Humphrys 
and Andrew Harvey. 
Regional news and 

935 Panorama. Part one of a 
investigation into the state 
of the National Health 
Service. Margaret Jay 
talks to patients, doctors 
aid nurses about their 

10.15 Ftav.Soytent Green 
(1973) starring Chariton 
Heston, Edward G 
Robinson and Joseph 
Cotton. ThriSer, set in New 
York, 2022, about a 
potioeman invesfeating 
the murder of a gfint food 
company executive who 
unearths chitting facts 
about the company. 

Directed by Richard 

1130 Weather. 


6-15 9®^w?T rin ? Brtt * n 

pwmond and Richard 


srart of the Queen's six- 
dayvteft to China. News 
730, 730,830, 

8-30 and &0Q; financial 
sport at 630 
a™ '.4(fe exercises at 635 

and 9,17; cartoon at 735; 
pop music at 736; and 
Jimmy GreavBs's 

)uests indude actor Ned 

itv/lo.ndon .. 

f-g Thame* news headlines. 

*•3* Pw Schools: a children's 
film version of Noah and 
Ms Ark 9A7 How a busy 
road is re-surfaced 939 
The story of the Bird on a 
Bus. by Hazel Townson 

JSssssasr’ 8 

1M5 Managing on a small 
ncome 1137 Maths: the 
number five 11.19 
Scienea gravity 1131 



_ .. of The Magpc Bucket. 

1230 The Queen in Chins. 
Leonard Parkin reports 
from Peking on the start of 
the Queen's six-day tour 
of China. John Sucnet is in 
London presenting News 
at One which Is 
incorporated within the 
programme 130 Thames 
newa with Robin Houston. 

130 Superbowl. The Liverpool 
Victoria Insurance 
SuparbowL five from 
Granada's Stage One 
Arena, Manchester. The 
first of six consecutive 
days' transmission of the 

tournament, carrying a 
total of £34300 in prbe 

335 Thames news headlines 
330 The Young Doctors. 
Medical drama serial set In 

430 Tickle on the Turn, 
tales for children 4.10 
> Door. Animated 
i set in a creepy 
castle 430 He-Man and 
Masters of the Universe. 
Animated science fiction 
adventures 4.45 Chocky** 
ChaBange. Adventures of 
a visitor from another 
planet who reveals herself 
. only to those she trusts. 

5.15 The Land of fiie 

Emperors. Leonard Parian 
describes the Queen’s 
visit to the Forbidden City 
and the Temple of Heaven. 
0 Thames 

5.45 News 6.00 

635 Help! Viv Taylor Gee with 
socal action news 
• including details of the 
Bfyton HancS-read Centre. 

635 Crossroads. Darby moves 
in with Kath and Stephen 
and tries to be the perfect 

7JQD%eKrypton Factor. Two 
men ana two women 
compete in this heat of the 
brawn and brain 
competition, (see Choice) 

736 LoronMton Street Susan 
upsets Emfiy Bishop when 
she starts looking for an 

office at Baldwin Casuals. 

8.00 Well Think of Somethtog. 
Comedy series about a 
man determined not to let 
redundancy get him dawn. 
Starring Sam Kelly. . 

830 World m Action: Uveem 
the Balance. Is South 
Africa’s pursuit of gold 
, the safety of 
s miners? 

930 Paradise 

Episode five and the 
Coroner acoepts ttiat Tom 
Nowfs death was 
accidental, but others 
have their doubts. (Oracle} 

10.00 News atTen and weather. 
fOHowed by Thames news 

1030 Supertxrari. Further 

coverage of the Liverpool 
Victoria Insurance 
Supertxjwl, introduced by 
Elton W ’ 


Kane GaJeaad John Mien: Tbe 
. Krypton Factor, ITV, 7.00pm 

• its concluding general 
to owtedge section apart. 
(TTV, 7.00pm) continues to 
provide the most 
uncomfortable haff-how of my 
viewing week. I am not sure 
whether fresh, blood, and grey . 
matter should be perm itted to 
expose itself puWiciy to such 
sadism, or whether the 
average viewer is buflt to cope 
with toe masochistic 
response that this weekly ordeal 
demands from him/her. lean 
accept that, for dyed-to-the-wool 
sprinters who are happy to 
biflst took hearts if they can get 
to Gfe's finishing tape ahead 
of the rest of toe field, the 
fiendish ingenuity of The 
Krypton Factor is toe ultimate m 
spectator Involvement If only 
because toe contest reduces me 
to a mass of humiliated felly, 1 

agree with them 


• Best of toe rest on TV 
today: Yves ABegrefs elegaic 
Line si iotie petite plage 
(0BC2, 3.00pm) wfich first 
opened my eyes to the 
unique personality of French 
dnemainthe lafe 1940s; toe 
Mavis Nicholson interview with 
Kingsley Antis in her new, 
twice-weekly series Mavis on 4 
(Channel 4, 4.00pm); and 

Focus on WBdBfe (BBCS, 
6.00pm) which, by 

concentrating on the men behind 
toe cameras, is an essential 
aperitif tor this year's WHdsereen 
International Wildlife Ftim 
Festival. The winners are 
announced on Channel 4 
tomorrow night (830) 

• Best of tonight’s radio: 

The News from Ireland (Radio 4, 
8.15pm) is William Trevor’s 

own masterly adaptation of one . 
of the stories in the collection 
Dealing the same title. The 
setting is Ireland at toe time 
of the potato famine, viewed 
through the resentful eyes of 
an Anglo-Irish family's butler . 
(Cyril Cusack, best of all 
speakers of Trevor dialogue), 
and the disillusioned eyes of 
toe new governess (Moir Leslie, 
subtly understating 
everything)... Bugs aid Beasts 
before the Law (Radio 3.8.00) 
makes incredible listening: rats 
on trial: mi advocate being 
appointed to represent Spanish 
fries; sparrows being 
arraigned tor chattering in 
church; a pig being tried for 
murder, and hanged. Dr Nicholas 

happened, and offers some 
cogent theories in part- 
explanation of the phenomena. 

Peter Davalle 

BBC 2 ' - 

930 Ceefax. 

938 Daytime on Two: 

examples of Job-sharing 
1030 For four- and five- 
year olds 10.15 Musk: 
from street sounds 1038 
The celebration of 
Hallowe'en 11.00 
Controlling the sounds 
and pictures Of a television 
programme 1132 A visit to 
a museum. 

11-45 The archaeological 

background to the gospels 
1238 Presenting images 
on television 1Z40 What 
use Is art? 1.05 Micro Live 
138 Civft&n Jobs that 


235 See Heart. A repeat of 
yesterday's 1 
programme l 

330 FHocUnestj 

about a young man who 
returns to his chUdhood 
seaside home to escape 
from personal problems. 

But he Is unaware that he 
has been followed. 

Directed by Yves Allegret, 
(see Choice) 

435 inte rna tio na l Hockey. The 
Men’s World Cup match 
between England and The 

Netherlands, introduced 
by David take with 
commentary by Barry Da vies 
630 Focus on wfldfife. 

Introduced by Barry Paine. 

A selection of the many 
simple but ingenious 
methods adopted by 
wildlife cameramen, as 
wen as those with 
sophisticated equipment, 
to capture the beauty of 
the wild, (see Choice) 

730 Grand Prtx. Highlights of 
's Mexican 

7.35 Open to Question After 
Three Mile Island and 
Chernobyl, what chance 
the same disasters could 
. happen in thte country? 
Young people from all • 
overtoe country question _ 
~Ldrd Walter* Marshall, 
chairman of the Central 
Electricity Generating 

835 The Story of EngSsh. This 
week. Robert MacNeil 
explores how globe- 
trotting Scots helped to 
spread the language. 

930 ^awtty Towers. Basil is 
having trouble with the 
deaf Mrs Richards who, 
afier mislaying a sum of 
money, demands that the 
police should look into the 
matter. Starring John 
Cleese, Prunetta Scales, 
Connie Booth, and 
Andrew Sachs M 

935 Naked Videa Comedy 
series featuring, among 
others'; Ron Bam and 
Helen Lederer. (Ceefax) ( 1 ) 

1000 Stardust Road. The first 
half of a two-part concert 
of music by Hoagy 
Carmichael. With Georgia 
Feme, Sweet Substitute, 
Keith Smith and Hefty 

1035 Newsreght with Peter 
Snow, Donald 
MecComticfc and hBck 
WorraU. 1 1 30 Weather. 

1135 TetejoumaL Chantal Cuer 
introduces the news in 
French from RTL in 
Luxembourg. Endsll.55. 


230 The Late Late Shaw. A 
new series of highlights 
from toe popular chat and 

Gay Byme, seen in DubEn 
on Saturday nights. 

330 Irish Angle. Gordon Bums 
reports from Wexford and 
Kerry on the illegal salmon 
fishing industry which is 
threatening one of 
Ireland's major tourist 

430 Mavis on 4. The first of a 
new series. Mavis Nicholson 
in conversation with her old 
friend and Booker Prize 
candidate, Kingsley Amis. 

430 Countdown. A new series 
of the quick-fire general 
knowledge game begins 
with special challenge 
match between toe first 
Champion of Champions, 

: Nyman, and toe 

Mark Nyman, and i 
second persof 

[person to hold toe 
title, Clive Freedman. 

5.15 Grampian Sheepdog 

Trials. Eighteen of 
Scotland s top shepherds 
and toek dogs compete 
for the Grampian 
Television Trophy in the 
;of Craigfevar 
1 near Alford. 

5.45 World of Animation 

presented by Richard Evans 
630 I Could Do That Part five 
of the series following the 
fortunes of four young 
people from the north east 
of England who are each 
trying to start their own 
businesses, (r) (Oracle) 

630 Write On. The first of a 
new ten-part adult literacy 
series. In today's 

tme, Ruth Pitt and 
experiences can 
le stimulus for 

written wor 
7.00 Channel 4 News 
by Peter 

1 includes a report 
on and the results of an ' 
opinion poll taken- in 
Calder Valley, Yorkshire, 
on voters' reactions to tbe 

730 Co mment from Carot ' 
Friend, president of the 
. institute of Public 
Relations. Weather. 

830 Brookeide.Pat is suspicious 
of the new lodger, 
and AnnabeNe attends tier 
first JP training session. 
830 Fahty Secret Army. The 
final episode. Will Harry 
Truscott and his chaps be 
able to thwart toe evil 
Cobra and his Marxist 
celt? (Oracle J 

930 St Elsewhere. Dr Ehrtich, 
with misguided good 
intentions, reports an 
Innocent mother whom he 
suspects of child abuse. 
935 4 UnutBs: A Vital 

Mistake. An angler tries to 
land a brown trout 
1030 Oi. Part six of the series 
examining the impact of 
the oH industry on toe 
modem worn focuses on 
the independents, 

11.00 The Eleventh Hour. FBnt 
Scorpio Rising (1963) . 
starring Bruce Byron as a 
• chain and leather-clad 
biker. FOHowed by What 
Can I Do With a Male 
Nude? (1985) An 
examination of society’s 
double standard attitudes 
to male nudtty. 17 Rooms. 
The fives of 17 lesbians. 
Ends at 12.10., 

( Radio 4 ) 

On tong rave, (s) Stereo on VHF. 
535 Shipping 630 News Briefing; 
Weather. 6.10 Farming 
Week. An interview with a 
leader in the agricultural 
industry foAowed by a ftve- 

Prayer For The Day 

630 Today, tod 630, 730, 

630 News. 6.45 
Business News. 635, 735 
weather. 730,830 
News. 73S, 635 Sport 7-45 
Thought lor the Day. 

635 The Week on 4. 

Programme previews, 
wrth Cttve Rosfia 

8.43 Glyn Worsryp to the BBC 
Sound Archtas. 837 
Weather; Travel. 

9.00 News. 

9L05 Start The week, with 
Richard Baker (s) 

1030 News; Money Box. 

Louise Bottlng on the 
1986-7 Unit Trust Managers’ 

1030 Morning Story: Mrs 
Gorman, by J« Norris. 

Read by Fleur Chandler. 

1045 DaHyServfce (New Every 
Morning, page 84)<s) 

1130 News; Travel Down ■ 

Your Way. Brian 
Johnston visits Shaftesbury 
in Dorset (f) 

11.48 Poetry Please! Listeners' 
requests presented by 
P J Kavanagh. Read by 
Rosalind Shanks aid 
Denys Hawthorne. 

12.00 News; You and Yours. 
Consumer affairs. 

1227 Top of the Form. 

Nationwide general 
knowledge for schools. 
Edgbaston Church of 
England School, Birmingham 
v Sfcnelaw, Glasgow. 

1235 Weather. 

130 The World AtOne. News. 

130 The Archers. 135 


230 News; woman’s How. 
Includes a feature on the 
museum that the French 
data is the most 
advanced in the world - the 
Science Cite. 

330 News; The Afternoon 
Play. Never Come Back, 
by John Mak. With Gareth 
Armstrong as the " 

- journalist who becomes 
• • Uolved to poetical 
intrigue and murder (rXs). 

430 KteeidoscopeJtnottiB^ • — 
chance to bear last 
Friday night’s edition. 
Includes comment on 
MisaBance at the Barbican, 
and the new book 
Dvorak in Love. Aba, Opus 
19 at the Royal Opera 

530 PM. Newa magazine. 

530 Shipping. 535 

630 News; Financial Report 
630 Radto Active (new series 
of the comedy show) 


735 The Archers. 

720 On Your Farm. 

735 Science Now. Pater 
Evans reviews 
discoveries and 
developments in the 
world's ieadtog laboratories. 

8.15 The Monday nay. The 
News From Ireland, by 
VAlkam Trevor. Wim Cyra 
Cusack and Mofr Leslie. 

The setting is Ireland in 1847. 
See Choice, (s) 

930 John Morgan on Charm. 

(n the first of an 
occasional series of talks, 
John Morgan refects on 
the elusive quality of charm. 

935 Kaleidoscope. Includes 
comment on Paul 
Theroux's O Zone, and 
Opera North's 
production of The Barber of 
Sevtfe. Also tonight’s 
Radio 4 production of Tha 
News from Ireland 

10.15 A Book At Bedtime: 
Hangover Square, by 
Patrick Hamilton. Reader 
Ntak Dunning. 1029 

1030 Tbe World Tonight. 

11.15 The Financial World 

1130 Today in PariiameaL 

11.45 Music at Night Works by 
Bull. Byrd and Tomkins 
played by Trevor Pimock 
the harpsichord and 

1230 News; Weather. 1233 





in England and 
Wales only) as above 
except 535530am 
Weather; Travel. 1130- 
1230 For Schools: 1130 
Music Makers 1120 
Let’s Move! (s) 1130 The 
Music Bax fs). 1130 See 
For Yourself. 1 

For Schools: 135 
Listening Comer (s) 235 
Playtime (s) 220 Science 
Scope (s) 2.40 Pictures in 
Your Mind (Stories). 
530-535 PM (continued). 
1230-1.10 Schools 
- Night-time Broadcasting: 
Industry Yean Whafs tha 

( Radio 3 ) 

635 Weather. 730 News 
735 Concert Rossini (WSSam 
TeH overture), Loewe 
(Dw varfafiene Muhle. Op 
1 09: Mon bass and 
Garberuptano). Haydn 
(Divertimento in G, H IV 
7). d'lndy (Concert Op 89. 

soloists). 830 News 
835 Concert (confined): 
SibeUusjEn Sags, tone 
poem), Barilo* jReverie et 
caprice. Op 8: Perlman 
with Parte Orchestra). Sor ( 
Fantaisw, Op 30: Bream, 
gurtar}- Albeniz (B Corpus en 
SeviBa. orch Arbos). 930 

935 This Week s Composer: 
Handel Trio-Sonata in G 
2 NO 6 (L'Ecote 
1 find toe 

cantata Apollo a Dafne (with 
PhHharmonja Baroque 
Orchestra, Judith Nelson 
(soprano). David Thomas 

1030 Antal Dorati Conducts: 
to recordings of Haydn's 
Symphony No 46, 

Kodaiy's Dances from 
Marosszek, and Haydn's 
“ - 'No 447 


Julius Drake mboe and 
piano recital . Includes works 
by Hindemith (Sonata), 
Schumann (todudtog Stucko 
im Volkston Op 102: nos 
2-4). Mozart Beethoven, and 
Gradenwttz (Variations 
on La d darem la mano) 
1135 BBC Scottish SO (under 
Loughran). Bruckner 
(Symphony No 2). 1.60 News 
135 BBC Lunchtime Concert 




theme by Corea). Franck 
(Prelude, Chorale to Fugue) 
235 Music Weekly: with 

Mkchael Oliver. Includes 
Arnold WhtoaH on Britten, 
Tippett and modernism; 
and a conversation with 
NHjto North about Sifvius 

230 New Records: FfoJch 

: poem), Frantisek 

E minor: with Jean-Pierre 
Rampai. flute), Tomasek 
(Symphony to D. Op 30). Jan 
Klusak (Proverbs, with 

Quartet in 


Dvorak ({ 

E Rot Op 51) 71 
Quartet), Fucik 
(Mississippi Rtver). 435 

530 Mainly for Pleasure: 
musical machinery. A 
selection of recorded music. 

630 Janos Starker: theoeffist 
1 Bach's Suite No 6 


plays Bach 

music David HB 
m Westminster 
Cathedral, London. With 
Andrew Watkin son 
(ytoUn). and Choristers of 
Westminster CathedraL 
Includes Elgar's Sonata in G. 
Op 28. Dupre's Cortege 
et litanie, and Karg-Bert's 
Symphonic Canzona. Op 

830 Bugs end Beasts before 
the Law: Or Nicholas 
Humphrey talks about 

Mavis Nfcbolsoo: C4, 430pm 

anftnala who were fried 
and pun^ied tor iiwian 

830 BBC SO (under 

Pritchard). With Rodney 
Friend (vroltnKWWiton 
Houghton (trumpet). 
GaretoSmson (trumpet), 
lain Hamilton (Circus). 

Battier (Vtofin Concerto). 

Bliss ( A Colour 

1030 jazz Today; Charles Fox 
presents the Frank 
Sebastian Quarts 
1130 Hanna Bston German 
Ensemble play the Nonet No 

11JS Stlvius Leopold Weiss: 

Nigel North (baroque 
kns) plays the Largo and 
Fugue toD minor, and 
the Sonata to A minor, 
L'lnfkJeie). 1137 News. 

1230 Ctosedowa 

( Radio 2 ) 

MF (medium wave). Stereo on 
VHF (see Radiol) 

News on the hour. Headfines 

&3Q am. 630, 730, 830. Sports 
Desks 135 pm. 22 . 332.446, 

535, 632. &45 (mf CinM. 935. 

430 am Colin Barry. 530 Ray _ 
Moore. 730 Derek Jameson. 930 
Ken Bruce. 1130 Jimmy Young. 

135 pm David Jacobs. ZOO Gforta 
Hunniford. 330 David Hamilton. 
535 John Dunn. 730 Alan DtoL 

Band, with Lois Lane) ! 

Humphrey Lyttelton with The 
Best of Jazz on record. 935 Sports 
Desk. 1030 Acker's Away. 

Acker Bilk and hte Paramount Jazz 
Bend, and Fred Wedlock 1030 
Star Sound. Nick Jackson plays 
film soundtrack requests. 1130 
Brian Matthew presents Round 
Midnight 130 am Richard 
Clegg presents Nightride. 3.00-430 
A One Night Music. 

C Radio 1 ) 

MF (medium wave). Stereo on 
VHF (see below). 

News on the htte-hour from 
630 am until 830 pm then 1030 
and 1230 Midnight 
530 am Adrian John. 730 MRoa 
Smith's Breakfast Show. 930 
Simon Bates. 1230 pm 
Newsbeat(with Frank Partridge). 
1235 Gary Davies. 330 Steve 
Wright 530 Newsbeat (Frank 
Partridge). 535 Bruno Brookes. 
730 Tom Robinson. 1030-1230 
John Peel. VHF Stereos Radto* 

19 2:- 430 am As Radio 2. 1030 
1 As Radio 1. 1230430am 
Ratio 2. 


900 NswsdMk 630 Taking tha Watara 

730 News 738 TWenty-four Horn 730 

Tha Barothad 830 Naws 836 Raflacflona 

a. IS For Whom Via M Tote UO 

Anything Goes 930 Naws B3> n aviawoi 

the Brtwh Press 6-1S Good Books 930 

Financial Naws 940 Look Alwad 945 

PBobtos' Choica 1030 News 1031 Taking 

tha Water 1030 Unstfig Hamas 1130 

Naws 1139 Nows About Brttaki TtlS 

Tmmtog for Tonmnow 1230 Rsdo Naws- 

reai 1£1S Onte. Unquote 1235 Sports 

Roundup too Nows 130 Twanty-ftjur 

HOUS130 Savoy Operas 230 Outkxik 

245 lato Wobspon Pays 330 Rsdto I 


Waters I 

34BSounds ot tha Sbdlas a.00Nawa S39 

CDnvnantory 4.l5Jom BuTs Oltwr ta- 

tarris 430 English MMnturaa 445Ths 
World Todsy53Mows 531 Book Ctioica 
830 Naws 839 TwamyFour Hours 930 

Sports tatam a ttanai 900 Naws 931 

Natwork UK 9 l 15 EmMh MWteuras 930 

Unsung. Hamas 1030 Naws 1039 Tha 

World Today 1035 Book dtoica 1030 

Ftanctel Naws 1040 Raflactemi W4C 
Sports Roundup 1130 Nam 1130 Com- 

mentary 11.15 John Bun Other Maids 
1130 itelttia* 1 1230 Naws 1230 

Naws About Britain 12.15 Ratio Nawaaal 

1230 Tin savoy Operas 138 Naws 131 

Outlook 130 Short Stery 145 John BuTs 
Ottiar Marts 230 Nam 236 Rayiaw of 

tha British Press 2.15 Network UK 230 

Britain 3.15 Tha World Today 930 

438 Erie 

John Pad 430 Nawadss* 

Contes. AH fimas In OUT. 

925; Radio 4: 

21 693kHz/433m; 909kHz/330m; Radio 3: 1215kHz/247m;VHF-Q0- 
VHF 97 - 3: Capitet 1548kHz/194m: VHF95^; BBC Radio London 

c VHF 945; World Service: MF B48kHzy463m. 

Brew. 10.15-1040 Tha Ouaan in Cbt-- 

na. 1040-T2.1 S swi rteL . ScwnrtOrean 

pff73) (Qwrten Heston). 12.15- 
1238 «nd wte h s r . SCOTt AMP- 

T«tert Sport 5L4O«30lrt8fcteUt- * 
star. 1ta.12.15am CMncM One. 12.15- 
123flaai News and waathar. 

EMBUND . 63Spre-7 30 Ragtonsl cmwb 


830 Cramd 
lax Gtm 1030 Questions 1130 
SuptebOM t235anClocedown. 

TllC As London except IJflfi 
iza 130 nm aro5es< k> amt 
930-730 Parkxr Game 1030 Ques- 
tions 1 120 BcmIb 1235am Company, 


430 Sons and Daughters 130 
LookarouM B30-730 Taka tea Hteh 
Road t22tem Cteeadown. 



TbnigM I225aai News 1230ScKtey 

MeeSm at 75 1235 Oosadown. 


130 Una at Ona-Thrty2J»3owli 
330-4.00 Short ^ry Theatre 530 Scot- 
land Today 630-730 Enwnardtea 
Farm ttaw Crime Desk 1230 Lata 
cm 1235 Sortay Maclean at 75 
1240 Closedown. 


23o-«30 Sons mdDauohtare 630 
Good erinino OWoraro>30 Lifeatyie 
1030 irtsh fltehrays: bnperrnsnerrt 
Way? - Or Slsspers Avrtia 1130 
Supertiowt 12Ssm News. 


TSW As London except I30pee- 
---- - 130 News 630-635 Today 
Soutfi WSSt 1225sm Postscnpt 

anglia saasgsgu. 

About Ansrita 830-730 Who's the 
Boss? 1(00 Back Chat 1136 Supsrbowl 
i22San Staying the Oregon, 


central asassgM. 

News 645-730 Central Post 1030 
Venture 1130 Bowls 1225am Jotifinder 
135 Ctosedowa 

TYNE TEES ^^ r j% hnm 

reghtflite tZO^^Kwwt Peo- 
ple to People Week. Ctosedowa 


News 330430 CounovftartS^ 

HW.WE gragffigiro 

News 630-730 News 1030 Aong 
the CotswoU Way 1130 Supertxmf 
1235am Ctosedowa 


wi T. t I"**. ttcpftpE 130>B“ 

94STechnctogyWslM 53apo»-730 

WWee at Sfr 1030-1130 WStas Means 

C4C Stans: 11.10m Ftanastri 
22&£ 1130 Hwnt ac Yma 1130 httanml 
1230 FtetThorouflNy Modem MMs 

230 Late Late Show 935 Sir Peter Scott 

435 Uunisu DyddUun43DAntorww 

y Petal 445 Chewier CM 530 M a tetw 
s30 Cosby Show 830 Fairly Secret 

Army «30 Mavis on 4 730 Nawydtfon 

Soitn 730 AroTwu 130 St Bsoemere 

930 Pedwar ar Bedwar 930 Y Byd er 

Bedwsr 1030 Bsrwtmftav by Tteup 

with American Battet Theatre 1 136 FW> 
Out of water 1238m Ctosadown. 




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3fT7 9o?» if 380 l*S5 Lnul 
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£ 930 2678 

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Oicup Sain 930 0124 
fcparul nulnw D»r 2t> 3pm 

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POKE OF YORKS 830. 51 22 CC 
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Hit Comrdv » Rtrliard torn, 
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580 8845/966? ALL totoMiono 
dav on 836 2420 NO BOOKBW 
FEE Cn> Satte. 930 6123 







Men Fri 730 Thu Mai 2.30 
Sat 4 A 8.15 


Orrfs <*xre« Frt A Sar <n»S for 
OAP&. LB40tu YidmH 1 undcr 
ifcv. avail 1 hour bnotr pen 
Haw BooUns to April **7. 

On Thurv ihalv only -Thr Rock 
Slar~ vrtlt br prnormrd by 
. John Chrtsuc _ __ 


8230 rr S79 65o6/64J5. Evw 

Ann i T hu 7pt n, Sal Mate 4pm 

CflAMCE produruon of KHMD 

ajtv 240 7200 )24hra hfco f<T) 
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HA M P S T EA D 722 9301 E*ro 
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Sarah Site* 

(3atrr Moore play* Chnsttnr 
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701 9999 <no tteg lari. Fird Car; 
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2311 1 d Id afters. 79 25 
Oct Evas 7 46, WOO Mate art, 
Hal M aty 4pm THE HOUSE OF 
wttn MiW* moral. Oroda 
. 1 a eta ta A Joaa Pfewrigfai, 
STUOKH 01.741 8701 Eite 
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MASSAGE to- Mkfaaai WBcoe. 

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CC BOOKMCS ON OX 240 7200 

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379 6*33 F*l CaU 2«Hr TOan CC 
240 7200 Crp Sam 930 6123 



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MERMAID 236 SE68 rr 741 
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FROM OCT IL Evto Bren. Sate 
tun A 8.30 


Oirort Crow Uw Hall Moon 
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wtndrmll M. tel. CC 01 437 
6312/8380 BWdrt O' Brian err- 
etc* or witeataxial Rtakv Honor 
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F X tetretuv 9 ooom. Adtmvoon 
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MERMAID 236 6568 rr 741 
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Hr*. 7 Out 1 Em 0. Sal 6 A 630 



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(prrMDOJirr rood A drink) 

PHOENIX 836 2294 rr 240 9661 
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Cm sam 930 6123 


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«33 0860. AIR COND 

PICCADILLY 437 4506 CC 379 
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Prior to taroenatleoal Toar 

NEW LONDON Drurv Lane WC? 
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apply daily to box office 


Group BnokiiNte Oi ujb 1567 or 
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ANIMAL FARM. Frl. 7.IS. Sal 
200 Hi to prrrn mai A 7 15 
PRAVDA - A FtaM Street Gomody. 

QUEEirS Ol 734 1166/7/ 
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9JO 6133 

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FrM Oct 20 pw«t —WISH 7 JO 
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No* baoktoc to MaraN 2S, 1987 

..MAT sriTt, KniLTIUCN . 

ROYAL COURT t- CC 730 1746/ 
11*57 CC Will 7 dal' 240 73JQ 
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SAVOY OI B36 BB88 CC OI 379 

6219. 836 0479 Evrnirfos 7.46 

1UN \M9 3. S N S 4 830 










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Murronwr theatre of 

COMEDY PI-379 6399 <r 01-379 
0435-741 9999 Flr-,1 Call 24hr 
240 720 O IM.9 !«•! Grp SaMte 930 

MmrTn 8. Wad Mal 3. Sal 600 & 

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to Ben Trstrt* 

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D irmlrd hr Mark kliwtlon 

ST MARIHrS 01-836 1443. Spc- 
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TlNte 2 43 Sal 5 O .« nit 8 0 

340, yr at AGAT HA LHH ILTICa 


STRAND 836 2060 OC 8-36 
4143/5190. 741 9099. F|rsl Call 
24 Hr 7 Dai rr 240 7200 Grp 
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NA> 99HT.- 964B Tltel rail CC 24 
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TKKCTMASTER 01-579 64S3 or 
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rt'» 1-1 '.7 



Package fails to 
clarify issue 
of amateurism 

The redefinition 
amateurism has proved too 
strong a medicine for the 
' Internationa] Rugby Football 

- After two days of sub- 
committee meetings and three 
days in foil session, the board 
produced in London yes- 
terday a package straining die 
bounds of the current defi- 
nition yet further and which, 
as with two other related 
topics, requires ratification by 
a three-quarters majority from 
the eight member anions 
when they meet again in 

Even a masterly perfor- 
mance by Cec Blazey, the New 
Zealand chairman of the 
board, at yesterday’s press 
conference could not disguise 
the fact that this meeting, 
specifically to discuss 
amateurism, has produced no 
more than an expression of 
hope which may yet foil prey 
to a welter of different inter- 
pretations, innocent or wilful 

The board's mandate was to 
discuss proposed changes to 
the amateur regulations; to 
acquire for itself disciplinary 
powers; and to consider the 
report of its emergency 
committee on the failure of 
the South African Rugby 
Board (SARB) to call off the 
unauthorized New Zealand 
tour this year. 

The second two objectives 
were related and resulted in a 
“solemn undertaking" given 
“unconditionally and 
irrevocably" by Dr Danie 
Craven and Professor Fritz 
Eloff, South Africa's repre- 
sentatives, that there would be 
no recurrence of an un- 
authorized tour. In the mean- 
time, the New Zealand Rugby 
Union's investigations into 
alleged transgressions of 
amateurism continue, the 
Cavaliers having been pun- 
ished for participating in an 
unauthorized tour by their 
two-match suspension during 
the summer. 

“What Colin Meads has 
said did not impinge on our 
discussions because the board 
would not take action on a 
newspaper report, however 
factual it may be," Blazey said 
in a reference to revelations in 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 
of The Times last week. “It will undoubtedly a major change. 

investigate in the proper way 
and then come to a 

The board acted in the 
understanding that the SARB 
aretaking steps to curb the 
autonomy of their provincial 
unions and thus hopes there 
will be an end to talk of rebel 

If such tours should occur, 
however, any member union 
may institute an inquiry if 
they consider one of their co- 
members to be acting in a way 
prejudicial to the interests or 
bye-laws of the board. The 
board propose to take on the 
power of suspension or expul- 
sion and a disciplinary 
committee will be appointed 
at each annual meeting to 
consider complaints of 

This is a new procedure for 
the board, whose repre- 
sentatives will carry the pro- 
posals bade to their own 
unions for further discussion 

More Rugby Union 
on page 29 

“with the object in view of 
implementing this declaration 
of intent at the annual meeting 
of the board in March 1987." 

One would have thought by 
now that, even though the 
board is made up of repre- 
sentatives as opposed to dele- 
gates. they might have been 
made aware of their own 
union's opinions -and could 
have acted decisively thereon. 
Such is democracy in action. 

In respect of amateurism, 
amendments have been pro- 
posed to the tour regulations 
which might make it easier for 
all players, regardless of their 
employment to go on major 
tours. “We are not necessarily 
seeing the demise bf the 
amateur game,” Blazey said, 
“but 1 am certain that the 
recommendations here are 
changing something which has 
been quite fundamental to the 
game of rugby football for a 
hundred years. The fun- 
damental principle has been 
that compensation for loss of 
earnings did not apply. It is 

In essence the old daily 
allowance has been abolished 
and two new categories in- 
troduced: the tour allowance 
and the personal allowance. 
Any person travelling whh a 
senior national representative 
team (including die British 
Lions) whose salary is not 
tnyfo up by his employer will 
receive the tour allowance 
from the visiting union. It will 
probably be based on the 
national minimum wage and 
must in no case exceed foe 
normal earnings of foe in- 
dividual concerned. 

The personal allowance is 
designed to cover any per- 
sonal requirements, including 
telephone calls home, and 
may go to r ef er e es too. Harry 
McKibbin, foe Irish chairman 
of foe committee concerned 
with amateur regulations, 
admitted that if all employers, 
knowing such distinctions ex- 
isted, chose not to pay 
employees’ salaries, there 
would be little foe board could 

The major change is to 
regulation 22 which currently 
reads: “No person may be 
paid compensation for loss of 
earnings or for broken time for 
involvement in the game." 
The revised principle reads: 
“No person shall be paid 
compensation for loss of earn- 
ings or for broken time or for 
leave without pay for involve- 
ment in the game except when 
such involvement relates to 
his union's international tour 
commitments and interferes 
with his normal working 
hours; such compensation 
(hereinafter referred to as 
'tour allowance') shall be sub- 
ject to such limits as may be 
fixed by foe board." 

“The member unions still 
believe very fundamentally 
that rugby must remain an 
amateur game." Blazey said. 

There was no dissent from 
any representative at what has 
been proposed, yet foe 
opportunity to revise foe ama- 
teur regulations has been ig- 
nored. All we have is another 
‘'exception" to the general 
principle. When, I wonder, 
will foe exceptions become foe 

Conciliators find a solution 

- It was Saturday lunch-time 
and the Pullman coach waiting 
to take the world’s rugby 
leaders to watch Japan play 
England at Twickenham stood 
empty outside the Victorian 
portals of foe East India Club 
in St James's Square. The 
passengers were already over 
two hours late, and they were 
never to get on board. 

Inside the dab, foe 16 men 
from the International Rugby 
Board had reached what one of 
them later called a 'stand-off.' 
“We were prepared to stay 
indoors foe whole day or night, 

By Paul Martin 

no matter how long it took," 
one member said. 

They had broken for drinks 
and lunch with two camps 
formed: one group, represent- 
ing England, Scotland and 
New Zealand, was bolding out 
against any major change to 
amateur rales that had been 
dung to throughout the 
Board's 100-year history. The 
other group, including France, 
Australia and South Africa, 
was equally insistent that the 
dd notions simply had to be 
cast aside — or else rugby's 
leaders would find their wan- 
ing authority Anther swept 

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away by rebellion and 

Evidence of foe former had 
been all too dear in foe crisis 
over the New Zealand 
Cavaliers' tour of South Africa 
this year. Evidence of the 
latter was increasmgfy being 
thrust into foe public arena, 
not least after a series of 
revelations in The Times last 

The staunchest hardliners 
on amateurism were, however, 
the most worried about the 
prospects of more rebel tours 
or professional circuses. 

The disclosures in The 
Times had, as one member put 
it, “thrown the Board into 

One South African official 
had on Thursday night wagged 
his finger at me as I was 
chatting to an astonished 
Marcel Martin, of France. 
“You are trying to destroy us 
but you win not succeed," he 
shouted. Yet foe next morning 
Dr Danie Craven and I were 
having a full-scale interview. 

Those pressing for players 
on tour to have full compensa- 
tion for loss of earnings knew 
the fear of another South 
African coup — no matter how 
strongly Dr Craven promised 
there would be no more — was 
a trump card, and they used it. 
They made it dear they would 
not pass a new rule giving foe 
Board “teeth" — power in 
future to expel member coun- 
tries which are involved in 
unanfoorised tours — unless 
foe amateur changes went 
through. “It was an impasse 
all round," one Board member 

The solution came after 
lunch <m Saturday, from the 
two key conciliators, Harry 
McKibbin of Ireland and Cec 
Blazey, of New Zealand, the 
chairman of foe Board. 

He and Blazey persuaded 
each side to commit itself to 
both proposals — provided 
they were not brought into 
force immediately bat were 
referred to foe eight member 
Unions for “explanation." 

The sweetener for the Brit- 
ish Isles unions was that 
players would get no 
compensation for loss of in^ 
come when they prepare An 
any Five Nations matches or 
home internationals, while foe 
New Zealanders, Australians 
and Sooth Africans had 
wanted foe new rule also to 
apply to their own players who 
take time off work during 
visits from overseas teams. 

The problems, though, are 
not yet over. Members expect 
an almighty rumpus within the 
En glish, Scottish and Irish 
onions. The Welsh may take 
matters more calmly. 

The New Zealanders are foe 

the times 


♦ * * frit fe 

WHF.N vnt T — - 

Show stopper: Poland's ] 
WOIesden yesterday. 


cw gnipa, saves a penalty against Spain in the Croup B World Cup 0*^1 at 
day, winning 5-2. (Photograph: Peter Llewellyn). Match reports, page3Z 


True grit on the road to riches 

Win or lose in his world 
championship Formula One 
campaign this year, Nigel 
Mansell is a hot 
property-Sheer guts and 
determination have got him 
there, plus a car which has 
enabled, him to {wove foe 
calibre of his driving skill and 
racecraft Points finishes in 1 1 
of his last 14 races contributed 
to his score of 70 as he went to 
the line in the Mexican Grand 
Prix yesterday. 

“It's been a terrific season 
and nothing can take foal 
away from me," he said. It has 
also made him a wealthy man, 
with a Canon Honda-Wil- 
liams contract for next year 
worth an estimated £1.5 mil- 
lion, with foe prospect of 
much more to come. Personal 
sponsorships, public appear- 
ances — foe floodgates have 

From John Bltmsden, Mexico City 
Bat Mansell's powerful at- exhausting challenge of his 

tack on the world champion- 
ship means more than money. 
It gives a driver' that glow of 
personal achievement, of self- 
respect, of self-awareness. In 
foe summer Mansell said: 
“Whoever wins the title — 
Nelson Piquet, Alain Prost, 
Ayrton Senna ormc- luck 
will have played a part" 

M ansell felt foe same way as 
he went to foe line yesterday. 
He could do only so much: the 
rest would be down to Lady 

He knew that he had done 
all foal was reasonably pos- 
sible to prepare himself for foe 
task ahead, He also knew that 
68 laps of the Hennanos 
Rodriguez circuit in foe sub- 
urbs of Mexico City would 
constitute physically foe most 

six-year grand prix career. 

Mansell's preparation for 
the race had been meticulous. 
Since foe last race in Portugal 
there had been three days of 
high-speed test driving in 
Austria. “We used massive 
boost to try to break foe 
engine," he said, “ and our 
speed through the fast curves 
was incredible. After three 
days I was aching all over."* 

So he flew his medical guru 
in from Austria to his home in 
foe Isle of Man for three days 
of workouts. “He gave me 
everything — acupuncture, 
electrical treatment, massage, 
foe Iol" 

Mansell arrived in Mexico 
via New York in foe peak of 
fitness. In the lead-up to foe 
race he ate mainly food which 
had been flown in but even so 

be could not escape stomach 
trouble. He had a miserable 
time on Saturday between foe 
qualifying laps which put him 
third on the grid. 

For much of practice his car 
had been strong; but so had 
Piquet's and his Brazilian 
team partner was back on top 
form and would line up 
second on the grid behind 
Senna. Piquet was as deter- 
mined as Mansell to secure the 
championship. It promised a 
tough battle ahead. 

“On full tanks we are going 
to take a hell of a battering 
over foe bumps," Mansell 
said, “so I'm hoping I've got 
foe edge in stamina and can 
puli out a bit of a lead in the 
early laps. Then, if Piquet 
comes back at me later in the 
race. HI have something in 


Barnes and Steven 
forced to pull out 

By Stnart Jones, Football Correspondent 

Scots without their 
peak performer 

| 5 BKiofrhirety'W * 

Bobby Robson has been 
given no choice but to re- 
design his England line-up for 
the opening European 
championship tie against 
Northern Ireland at Wembley 
on Wednesday. Trevor Ste- 
ven. a regular member of his 
midfield, and John Barnes, 
one of his two versatile left- 
wingers. were both yesterday 
withdrawn from foe squad. 

The loss of Steven, who 
damaged a knee and an ankle 
on Saturday, is foe more 
severe. He is the only member 
of the party who is able 
naturally to operate on foe 
right flank, a role that he filled 
during foe last three World 
Cup ties in Mexico and in 
Sweden last month. 

Barnes limped off at 
Highbury, where he bruised a 
thigh playing for Watford. His 
experimental move from foe 
extremity to the middle of 
England's attack in Stockholm 
ended in similar fashion effec- 
tively within a few minutes. 
His position was threatened 
by Waddle, who is now ex- 
pected to come in instead as 
foe understudy for Steven. 

Robson, who admitted that 
Steven would have been cho- 
sen against foe Irish, said that 
foe injuries had “obviously 
reshaped my thinking. I am 
aware that Waddle played on 
foe right wing for Tottenham 
yesteday and was outstanding. 
He is more experienced than 

face fines 

England and Australia have 
been given the financial in- 
centive to eliminate slow play 
from their Ashes series this 
winter. For foe first time in 
Tests, foe two sides can be 
heavily fined if they fail to 
bowl an average of 15 overs 
per hour. 

The Test and County 
Cricket Board have accepted a 
proposal from their Australian 
counterparts which will cost 
foe teams Aus$600 (about 
£265) for every over below 
that rate. It could make a 
sizeable dent in prize-money 
which is set at Aus$6,0G0 for 
foe winners of each Benson 
and Hedges sponsored Test 
and Aus$3,000 for the losers. 

Winning team 

Stephen Ronaldson, the 
head professional at Canford 
School, and Ivan Snell, a 
Canford schoolboy, won the 
Rank Xerox pro-am real ten- 
nis championship at Learning- 
ton yesterday, defeating 
Michael Gooding, the deputy 
professional at Canford, and 
Martin Pricker, from Leam- 
ington, 2-6, 6-5. 6-5 in a two- 

Jb.-V- <=-« »i . .. 

Webb and Stevens, the other 
squad members who could 
also play out wide." 

Robson, who had lost Mar- 
tin from the side beaten 1-0 in 
Sweden, is expected to make 
several other changes. He is 
sure to recall his captain, 
Bryan Robson, and at least 
one of his foreign exiles, 
Lineker. Beardsley and 
Hateley are also back in 
contention for foe place va- 
cated by Dixon. 

So is Cottee, who made his 
senior international debut last 
month. Having scored five 
goals since the squad was 
announced, there is on current 
form no stronger candidate on 
foe list of Lineker's potential 
partners. On Saturday Conee 
conceded that he would not 
believe it if he was selected. 

Robson has decided not to 
call up any replacements and 
nor will Billy Bingham, 
Northern Ireland’s manager. 
He will be without McCreery, 
who is suffering from a recur- 
rence of a groin strain and has 
been advised to rest for a 
fortnight. Bingham considers 
that he has “adequate cover in 
most positions". 

Portugal held 

Lisbon (AP) - Sweden de- 
fended well here yesterday to 
record a I-I draw in a 
qualifying match for the Euro- 
pean championship. 


By Hugh Taylor 

The withdrawal of David' 

Cooper, the Rangers winger, is 
the most disheartening of the 
blows taken by Scotland just 
before the squad for the 
European Championship 
qualifying match against the 
Republic of Ireland leave for 
training in Dublin today. Coo- 
per was outstanding in 
Rangers’ defeat of Hibernian 
on Saturday, a master crafts- 
man who galvanized spec- 
tators with superb control and 
passing. He is at foe peak of 
his form and must surely have 
been foe attacker most likely 
to upset foe Irish defence. 

The recurrence of a groin 
injury caused Cooper to be 
taken off near the end of the 
game at Ibrox and, sadly for 
Scotland, he has had to be 
ruled out of the international 
on Wednesday. 

“With McLeish of Aber- 
deen, McAvenaie of West 
Ham United and yesterday 
Miller, foe Scotland captain, 
withdrawing through injury 
and Mai pas of Dundee United 
doubtful, Andy Roxburgh, the 
coach, is planning a new 
formation and perhaps dif- 
ferent tactics for the game. 

It is likely that Nevin, foe 
entertaining Chelsea winger, 
will take over from Cooper 
and Roxburgh was relieved to 
learn that Johnston was fit 
enough to play for Celtic 
against Dundee and score two 

- Ola/a hah home winner 

Home victory 

. Jose-Maria CHazabaL of 
Spain, won the Barcelona 
Open golf tournament yes- 
terday when a final round of 
67 gave him a three-stroke 
margin over his closest chal- 
lenger, Howard Clark, of 

New hosts 

Britain's first major athlet. 
ics meeting next summer is to 
be staged at a new venue next 
year. The UK closed 
championships will go to 
Portsmouth, Derby or Wigan. 
Officials will inspect all three 
venues before malting a 

Grafs title 

The West German, Steffi 
Graf, won foe foe last four 
games to pull back from the 
brink of defeat against foe 
Czechoslovak, Helena 
Sukova, and take the Europe- 
an women's indoor title in 
Zurich yesterday. Miss Graf 
foe top seed, trailed 4-2 in foe 
third set before fighting back 
to win 4-6, 6-2, 6-4. 

Salah again 

.Ahmed Salah, of Djibouti, 
who has won the Paris mara- 
thon twice, won the eighth 20 
kilometers race in foe French 
captial yesterday, finishing in 
a time of 57 minutes and 19 
seconds. The 29-year-old 
Salah beat Alessio Faustini. of 
Italy, in 57min 48sec and foe 
Frenchman. Jacques Lefiand. 
who clocked 57:50. 

Nielsen wins 

Hans Nielsen, foe world 
speedway champion, swept to 
victory in the British League 
riders championship at 
Manchester’s BeUe Vue yes- 
terday. The elegant Dane was 
an easy winner with a 1 5 point 
maximum, putting him four 
points clear of his fellow 
countryman, Erik Gundersen. 
who won a four-man run-off 


As Gough has -been 
outstanding at centre half for 
Tottenham Hotspur, he is 
likely to team up with Hansen, 
the Liverpool captain, as a 
new central defensive partner- 
ship if Miller is unfit The 
many critics of foe Scotland 
team who failed to distinguish 
themselves against Bulgaria 
would not believe that the 
defence would be weakened 
with the reappearance at right 
back of Stewart of West Ham. 

On a haprpier note, the 
veteran Dalglish emerged un- 
scathed from Liverpool's 
match with Spurs and Rox- 
burgh will be hoping that a 
partnership of Dalglish and 
Johnston may end foe famine 
of goals suffered by recognized 
Scottish attackers. It is a 
distressing fact that not since 
McAvenme scored against 
Australia last autumn has a 
striker really strode for the 
country. The nation's doleful 
record stands at five goals in 
sue internationals, all nvefrom 
defenders and midfield 

In the League, Rangers took 
sweet revenge on Hibernian 
for foe defeat on foe infamous 
opening day of the season with 
a captivating 3-0 display at 
Ibrox. Although their oppo- 
nents, in contrast to their fiery 
challenge in the previous en- 
counter, offered only token 

Olsen’s injury 
an accident, 
claim United 

Jesper Olsen's claim that he 
was punched in training by 
Remi Moses, his Manchester 
United team-mate, is being 
denied by the first division 

The Danish international, 
who had 1 1 stitches in a cut 
over his left eye after a 
practice-match incident a 
week ago, alleged: “Following 
a tackle. Remi ran after me 
and hit me with his fisL" But 
Ron Atkinson. United's man- 
ager, insists it was an accident 
He said: “I was only four vards 
away and saw it happen." 

Martin Edwards, the club 
chairman, is also teen to see 
the matter closed. "Ron has 
told me it was a pure accident 
and l am taking foe action no 
further." he said. 

United, meanwhile, have 
another problem on their 
hands in attempting to 
counteract a bid for Frank 
Stapleton from foe Belgian 
first division club, KV Meche- 
len. The Republic of Ireland 
forward is still on a weekly 
comma at Old Trafford, but 
united have offered u> extend 
it to two years, with a reduced 
salary over the final 12 
months. It was the club’s 
original offer of a 12-momh 
contract that triggered off the 

... *J.rtKoinp 


on top 

By Gerry Harrison 

The only srorekss drew fa 
the whole Today . Leap* 
programs* on Satmtafa pro- 
doced manners <f train iuw» 
from the Lston membership 
and roars of exuberance from 
Norwich Gt^ dressing room. 

A hard-earned pott at 
Kenilworth Road had putNor- 
with on top of foe first dhbtou 
for only the second time fa 
their 81 years (the ether 
occasion was brief n I fa 
1979), and 

Brown reacted typically., . ; 

“Wow! WondorfidI Treriffe! 
It's the fast time 8ft happene d 
to me anywhere. Not at -Writ ■ 
Ham, certainty not at Nor-, 
wtch. And we play WtflHtti 
next week. It couldn't he 


»■ -n 

Not all smiles oir 
synthetic surface 


An unbeaten away record 
and no goals conceded fa foe 
tost five games, for a side 
which usually plays wifi too 
wingers and has spread foe 
coals among seven players* Ufa 
impressive sta ti stics. But It 
wasn't all smfies on foe syn- 
thetic surface. If the fahutd. 
Mick Harford or suspended : 
Brian Stefa had been pbyfag. 
for Luton, they nfeht base 
profited better from first-half 

- Brown would be foe flntts 
admit that Saturday's wacnoU 
one of Norwich's better perfor- 
mances. They were mostly on 
the receiving end and had foe 
goalkeeper, Beastead, to 
thank for their point. Irfan'S . 
reserve strike force of NeweB, 
North and Stefa's younger 
brother. Mark, showed fadr 
inexperience by. nfastag a 
number of chances. - 

But if Norwich defender 
Michael Ptaefaa had put away 
two dose-range chances fa foe 
second half; the Ovaries’ 
could have been three points 
dear at foe top. Phelan fa part 
of Brown’s icMIdfag - pro- 
gramme which began almost 
immediately after winning the 
] 985 MBk Cop and before the 
spectre of relegation appeared. 
He is one of five players in foe 
side who had never played in 
foe first division before (and 
feS-btck, CnteriMMse had 
amassed only tiro appearances 

for Spurs). • 

The dub boldty steered 
dear of Mood-letting and gem- 
bled on keeping the players on 
first division wages and first 
division bonuses. It cost them 
a fortune bur it kept the team 
together and they broke seven 
dub records sprinting back to 
the first division. ‘ ’ ’ • 

The manager's wain 
strengths, apart from bfa eter- 
nal cbeerfataess, lave been 
bis timing and his couch. 
When Burnley were desperate 
for ready cash, he was there . 
first to relieve them of then . 
two best players, Phelan and 
Biggins. Grimsby had him : 
refusing offers up to £258,009 
for striker Kevin DrinkeH, but 
when his contract expired. 
Brown was first in foe queue to 
make probably his best siga- 
Into for £105J)00. 

Behind the scenes, coach 
Mel Machfa, 13 years wifo foe 
dub, is an urfluentblfigpre- 
Mick Chaiuaon, who fafofwo- 
and-a-half happy seasons srtta 
Norwich, says he fa onerfw 
best he has worked wifo. flW. 
kicks their backsides andKea 
pats then • on foe back* 
Brown, who has been d 
Norwich since 1973, is 52aad 
plans to retire in three 
time, possibly to bod owe* to 
Machin.. ■ , 

Always play better 
on big occ asion 

A new stand costing £l-7m 
has been buOt at CarrowRuad< 
paid for almost entirety 
fire insurance moBey.Thesale 
of Chris Woods and 'Jfore 
Watson for offers nobody 
coaid have refosed faibftflo; 
available for transfers, * foot 
which won’t make fob week’s 
negotiations with BflM- 

Cloogh any easier as fool try 
to buy defeader . - X*u 
Butterworth from Forest afflt 
a month's loan period. /7; : 

“People are raying - j* 
haven't played anyone u*K 
portant yet," says Bnwm. 1 ^ 
true we haven't met any ¥ . 
so-called big names, bat 
very well against them w* 
year in Cup matches ando** 5 ' 
Wimbledon and Chariton 
gave us most trouble tot 

“We've got West Hm. 
Spurs and Manchester Upn» 

quite soon, all big tests, fad bur 

supporters will tea you ** 
always play better on the Wl 

"Yes, X am surprised al hw 
well we're done so for. We are - 

a young and comparatively 
inexperienced side but you «** 





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try to play entertaining . 
ball. We've got players wjj 
are hungry and exefted aw* 
being in foe first dfafafan* 
the squad is getting bfagprav 

more competitive, J* 
good for me. Let's just 
ourselves and see