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. "-’A 

No 62,588 - 





war launched 

• Tbe 

J/ n **®* Stales and the Soviet 
yesterday began a worldwide 
propaganda battle over the abortive end 
to the summit in Iceland * 

wmss said Mr Gorbachov 

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• Mr George Shultz, the US Secretary 
of S tate, told the European allies in 
Brussels the meeting was a “tremen- 
dous success* which most be built on 

• Britain backed President Reagan's 
refusal to accept any limitation on his 
Strategic Defence Initiative 

By Nsdtote Beeston in London and Richard Owes in Brussels 

forces for a worldwide propa- 
ganda battle over who was to 
blame for the foiled talks at 

In Washington. President 
Reagan addressed the nation 
on television to explain why it 
was that the most significant 
arms deal of modem times 
proved too elusive for the 
superpower leaders to accept. 

The thrust of the US areu- 
meni is as Mr George Shultz, 
ine US Secretary of State 
emphasized yesterday, that 
Washington could not afford 
to shelve the Strategic Defence 
Initiative for the price the 
Russians were asking. 

Officials are also stressing 
that all was not lost in Iceland 
and that considerable break- 
throughs in arms negotiation 
should be followed up in the 
wake of the mini-summit 

For Mr Gorbachov the 
propaganda offensive is likely 


Life with 
no limits? 

As doctors wait 
to deliver a child 
from a brain-dead 
mother, The Times 
asks: how far 
should science 
go to keep a 
baby alive? 

• The Times Portfolio 
Gold daily competition 
prize of £4,000 was 
won yesterday by Mr 
D.K. Ashton of 
Woking, Surrey. Details, 
D8QG 3 

• Portfolio list, page 
27; how to play, 
information service, 
page 20. 


TSB sale may 
be investigate 

The National Audit Office, 
the independent financial 
watchdog, is considering an 
inquiry into whether the flota- 
tion of TSB was a sale of £1.3 
billion of stale assets Page 21 

City rejection 

Spitalflelds Development 
Group's £150 million plan to 
redevelop Spitalfields Market 
has been rejected by the City 
of London Corporation, the 
owner 21 

Hi-tech life 

Arc there jobs for life for 
graduates m the computer 

Computer Horizons 28-30 


England win 

England reached the semi- 
finals of the World Cup 
hockey tournament at Willes- 
den with a 1-0 victory over 
The Netherlands Page 

Luton move 

John Smith, the chief exec- 
utive of Luton Town. w bo 
were expelled from _ the 
Littlewoods Cup, has resigned 
from the Football League 
management committee Page 

Home News 2-5 
Overseas 7-18 
ArckatoJoKj 18 

.Vptrts 18*22 
Arts H 

marriages 19 
Bridge 18 

Bvshmx 21-27 

Own* 19 
C«Jrt is 
Crosswords 12.30 
l)iai) 16 

Features 12.15,16 
Lav Report 18 
Leaders 17 
Letters 17 
Obituary 18 
Ptortianeilt 4 
Science- 18 
Sport 35-38.48 
TheatvtsUtt . 39 
TVS Radio 39 
Cnfretsittes 19 
Weather 20 
WHI s 18 

criticism from an opposition 
party at home. 

He has briefed his envoys 
across the globe to convince 
public opinion that Mr 
Reagan and Stars Wars are the 
only obstacles for peace: 

The superpower tug-of-war 
will be fought hardest in 
Europe, where the nations' 
leaders and public a re most 

First propaganda shots 7 
Photographs 7 

SDI bar gaining 15 

Leading article 17 

affected by the missed oppor- 
tunity for an arms limitation 
agreement and where opin- 
ions are divided. 

Mrs Thatcher, will today 
meet the chief Soviet nego- 
tiator, Mr Viktor Karpov, and 
on Thursday she will consult 
M Francois Mitterrand, in a 
meeting expected to be domi- 
nated by the summit post 

Mr Shultz yesterday de- 
fended Mr Reagan’s stand on 
SDI when be met European 
foreign ministers in Brussels. 

He told them the summit 
had been a “tremendous 
success" which must now be 
built on. 

The Europeans, masking 
deeply-felt disappointment 
that arms control agreements 
had been within grasp but had 
slipped away, sided with Mr 
Shultz's up-beat interpreta- 
tion in a co-ordinated display 
of Nato cohesion and unity. 

Herr -Hans Dittrich 
Gaucher, the West German 
Foreign Minister, said it 
would take a great deal of 
diplomacy and statesmanship 
to avoid a long-term setback, 
but the process begun at 
Reykjavik “must be con- 

Mr Timothy Renton, Min- 
ister of State at the Foreign 

Office — speaking for Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, who is with 
the Queen in Pelting — said 
Iceland was “not the end of 
the play, only the end of one 

Mr Shultz briefed European 
foreign ministers and senior 
officials at Nato headquarters 
for three hours shortly after 
his early morning arrival from 
Reykjavik. He looked tired 
but determined. 

Mr Shultz said Reykjavik 
bad produced significant ideas 
and even “agreement in 
princi^e” on intermediate 
nuclear forces (INF) cuts in 
strategic arsenals, and criteria 
for nudear testing. 

European officials said they 
were keenly disappointed that 

a rfgai aboli shing medium-. 

range missiles in Europe — 
Cruise and Pershing on the 
Nato side and SS20s in Euro- 
pean Russia - had not been 

The deal would have left 
Russia and America with 100 
medium-range missiles each 
in Soviet Asia and Alaska 
respectively, with short-range 
missiles left to future talks. 

But the officials maintained 
they did not blame Mr Reagan 
for objecting to Soviet pro- 
posals for a “radical change” 
m the Anti Ballistic Missile 
Treaty (ABM) which would 
have limited American Strate- 
gic Defence Initiative research 
to laboratories. 

Asked about European con- 
cern that Mr Reagan’s attach- 
ment to SDI was preventing 
agreement in other areas, Mr 
Shultz said there was a grow- 
ing perception that SDI — 
which be defined as “learning 
how to defend ourselves 
against devastating ballistic 
missiles” — was partly what 
had brought Mr Gorbachov to 
the negotiating table. 

The United Stales could not 
agree to a “crippling" of its 
defence programme. 

Toasting time; The Queen and the Chinese Prime Minister, Zhao Ziyang, at the state dfaiwr in Peking last night. 

SDI stand 

By Martin Fletcher 
Political Reporter 

Britain yesterday gave full 
backing to President Reagan's 
refusal to accept any limita- 
tion on his Strategic Defence 
Initiative research programme 
at the Reykjavik summit 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher has 
agreed to meet the chief Soviet 
negotiator, Mr Viktor Karpov, 
at 10 Downing Street today, 
but she will tell him that the 
breakdown of talks was caused 
not by American' intransi- 
gence but by the Russians' 
“moving the goalposts” 

She will remind Mr Karpov 
of the agreement between Mr 
Reagan and Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov at their Geneva 
summit in 1985, to the effect 
that reductions in inlennedi- 
aiorange nuclear weapons 
were not dependent on curtail- 
ing the SDI programme. 

On Thursday Mrs Thatcher 
20, coil 

Mr Renton: Patting blame 
oa the Russians. 

Americans Kremlin launches 
bnwefece diplomatic drive 

From Michael Binyon 

President Reagan delivered 
a nationwide television broad- 
cast yesterday on tbe collapse 
of the Reykjavik summit, as 
United States Administration 
officials tried to put a {wave 
face on things by expressing 
hopes for a gradual resump- 
tion of arras control talks. 

Officials said that the di- 
alogue had moved ahead, and 
that it was “amazing” that tbe 
two leaders had come so close 
to agreement 

There were sharply differing 
assessments in Congress, with 
members both blaming Presi- 
dent Reagan for missing a real 
chance for arms control and 
praising him for standing firm 
on bis strategic defence initia- 
tive (SDI). 

Democrats said tbe failure 
of the talks could win them 
votes in the congressional 
elections next month. How- 
ever Republicans praised Mr 
Reagan for “refusing to 

While the president was 
criticized for accepting an 
invitation to the ill-prepared 
meeting, there now seems no 
likelihood of a full-scale sum- 
mit in Washington. 

From Christopher Walker, Reykjavik 
The Soviet Union is launch- to try and build up pressure on 

rag a diplomatic offensive 
designed to convince public 
opinion in the world at forge 
that the breakdown of the 
Reykjavik summit was the 
sole result of intransigence by 
President Reagan on the issue 
of Star Wars. 

Soviet diplomats in tbe 
leading capitals are being in- 
structed to point out that 
because the new Soviet arms 
package remains on tbe nego- 
tiating table, a concession by 
the Reagan Adminis tration or 
a future American govern- 
ment could still lead to sweep- 
ing reductions in offensive 
nudear weapons. 

Senior Soviet officials who 
took part in the weekend 
summit will join tbe informa- 
tion drive which the Kremlin 
plans to undertake on behalf 
of its proposals. Soviet sources 
said that Mr Mikhail Gorb- 
achov, the Soviet leader, 
would also be presting borne 
the Soviet view in trips he has 
planned to India, Italy and 
other nations. 

Before leaving here for Mos- 
cow yesterday morning, the 
Kremlin officials emphasized 
that the main aim of the 
diplomatic offensive would be 

President Reagan which might 
then result in movement at 
tbe Geneva aims reduction 

Although disappointed at 
what it terms “the failure" of 
the meeting, the Soviet delega- 
tion is convinced that Mr 
Gorbachov will have a for 
easier task selling the outcome 
abroad than Mr Reagan. 

As part of tbe diplomatic 
offensive, Mr Viktor Karpov, 
the chief Soviet arms nego- 
tiator and a close confidante 
of Mr Gorbachov will have 
talks in London today with 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher. Tbe 
decision to depute Mr Karpov 
for such an early briefing is 
seen as Soviet recognition of 
the special relationship she 
has with the White House. 

Outlining plans for the 
information drive, Mr Gecrrgi 
Arbatov, a senior Kremlin 
adviser on US-Soviet rela- 
tions said: “We wiB be very 
visible. I can assure you. Our 
policy will go on, the world is 
not limited to the US and the 
US is not limited to President 
Reag an . And President Reag- 
an can also change his mind, 
as has been shown on some 

Civil servants face 
curbs on evidence 
after Westland 

By Robin Oakley, Political Editor 
The Government yesterday 
flatly rejected the criticisms of 
an all-party Commons inquiry 
into the Westland affair which 
censured five top civil 

. And it is to strike a retal- 
iatory blow at the whole 
system of select committee 
inquiries by ordering civil 
servants who give evidence to 
them in future to refuse to 
answer questions about their 
own conduct or that of named 

Traditionally -the 14 select 
committees have had un- 
limited powers to “send for 
persons, papers and records” 

But the Westland Affair 
proved that there were con- 
straints on those powers in 
practice and the Government 
is now to formalize the 

The Defence Select Comm- 
ittee, chaired by Sir Hum- 
phrey Atkins, a former 
Conservative Cabinet Min- 
ister, made swingeing criti- 
cisms in their report: published 
in July of Mr Leon Brittan, 
former Secretary of State for 
Trade and industry, of Sir 
Robert Arms tro ng, Cabinet 
Secretary and. Head of the 
Home Civil Service, and of 
other top civil servants indnd- 
ing Mr Bernard Ingham, tbe 
Prime Minister’s Press 

Sir Robert was accused of 
foiling to give the example and 
the tod he should have dime 
by conducting an internal 
inquiry into the leaking of a 
letter from Sir Patrick 
Mayhew, QC, five Solicitor 
General, containing damaging 
criticisms of Mr Michael 
Heseitine, the then Defence 
Secretary, when be must have 

known at the outset that tbe 
leak had been authorized. 

In its official reply to the 
committee's report yesterday, 
tbe Government firmly stood 
by Sir Robert, repeating ear- 
lier ministerial statements 
that he had exercised leader- 
ship with great responsibility 
and integrity and again reject- 
ing the suggestion that the 
roles of head of the civil 
service andof Cabinet Sec- 
retary should be separated. 

it admitted that the Solic- 
itor General's letter should 
not have been leaked without 
his permission but said that 
Mr Brittan had accepted full 
responsibility and apotogiz 
for the disdosure.'The Gov- 
ernment is satisfied that those 
concerned acted in good faith 
and remains of the view that, 
having regard to all tbe dr- 
eam stances, disciplinary 
were not called 

• The Government's reply 
reiterated the Prime 
Minister’s “total confidence' 
in the officials concerned. But 
it went much further than 
that, insisting : “The Govern- 
ment does not believe that a 
select committee is a suitable 
instrument for inquiring into 
or passmgjudgcment upon tire 
actions or conduct of an 
individual civil servant". 

The Government argues 
that a civil servant is con- 
strained m his answers by his 
duty of confidentiality and the 
instructions he has been given 
by a Minister and therefore 
cannot speak freely in his own 

Select committee question- 
ing may be affected by politi- 
cal controversies. 

Report will clear RUC 
of shoot-to-kill charge 

By Michael Evans, Whitehall Carr ep ond e nt 
Allegations of an official way the security authorities 

will not 
stand for 

From Diana Geddes 

President Mitterrand aston- 
ished France last night by 
announdng that he would not 
stand for a second term as 

It bad been widely assumed 
that the first Socialist Presi- 
dent under the Fifth Republic, 
whose popularity ratings have 
recently risen to an almost 
record high, would at least 
keep bis options open until the 
Last minute, if not actually 
stand again. 

Recent polls had shown that 
he was the Socialist leader 
most likely to defeat any of the 
candidates presented by the 
Right. Furthermore, he had 
the virtually unanimous back- 
ing of other leading Socialists. 

However, asked about his 
intentions during a visit to the 
Caylus military camp in the 
Tam el Garonne yesterday, M 
Mitterrand, who will be 70 on 
October 26, replied: “Every 
time I think about this matter 
everything leads me to say: 
'No. 1 will not be a candidate.' 

“I do not push ambition so 
far as to wish to install myself 
for good in this post ~ Could 
events take place which would 
make me say: *WeU I’ve made 
a mistake'? I don’t think so.” 

M Mitterrand will be 71 in 
May 1988 when the next 
presidential elections are due; 

Whatever happens. Presi- 
dent Mitterrand’s place in 
history is already assured. He 
has shown that peaceful politi- 
cal change is possible in 
France by demonstrating that 
the Socialists can not only 
govern but can govern welL 
He has also shown for tbe 
first time that “cohabitation" 
between the Right and Left is 
possible, and that the institu- 
tions of the Fifth Republic are 
flexible enough to adapt to the 
radical change in the style of 
government involved. 

fit for 
a Queen 

From Alan Hamilton 

With courage befitting a 
traveller to mystic lands, the 
Queen last night dined on sea 
slug and dragon's eyes. And 
what is mote, she ate them 
with chopsticks. 

She wielded her unaccus- 
tomed eating implements with 
a skill that suggested long 
hours of private practice, and 
baulked not at all at the exotic 
fore presented at a glittering 
1 0-course banquet given in 
her honour by the Chinese 
President. Mr U Xiannian. in 
the Great Hall of the People. 

Experienced observers said 
the feast was marginally less 
lavish than usual presumably 
as a result of the recent visit to 
London by the Chinese Pre- 
mier. Mr Hu Yaobong, when 
he was impressed by the 
Queen's thrift in serving him a 
Buckingham Palace lunch of a 
mere three courses. 

But it was still impressive 
enough. Among the courses 
were chicken soup with jas- 
mine blossom, assorted sea- 
food delicacies including sea 
slug and shark's fin. steamed 
mandarin fish, a kind of small 
lychee known as dragon's 
eyes, almond tea. and a 
mousse made of green peas. 

Seated between the Presi- 
dent and the Prime Minister, 
whose joint presence was re- 
garded as an unusual honour, 
and in front of a draped Red 
Flag and Union Jack, the 

Tbe Queen yesterday pre- 
sented China with a £1 million 
gift for Chinese scientists to 
carry out research work in 
British laboratories over the 
next three years. The offer, 
announced at the , state ban- 
quet in Peking, means that 30 
post-doctoral scientists win 
come to Britain for one-year 
“royal fellowships" in a move 
to improve bilateral trade and 
science relations. 

Queen was made to feel more 
at home by the band of the 
People's Liberation Army 
pfaying such familiar airs as 
GreensJeeves and the Water 
- Mnsic written by Handel for 
George II. 

The Queen looked properly 
regal in a heavy pink silk crepe 
dress decorated with clusters 
of peony, the Chinese national 
flower. She wore a tiara, an 
object probably not seen in 
China since the end of the 
Imperial Dynasty in 191 1, and 
a diamond and ruby necklace 
and earrings. 

The table decorations bor- 
dered on the unworldly. In 
front of the Queen, five fish 
swam in a pot under bridges 
made of water melon slices,- - 
while the central table was 
adorned with two large model 

The Queen praised the Joint 
Declaration on the future of 
Hong Kong: “Today relations 

Continued on page 20, col 3 

shoot-to-kill policy against ter- 
rorists in Northern Ireland are 
expected to be rejected in the 
report by Mr Colin Sampson, 
Chief Constable of West 

Mr Sampson, who took 
over tbe inquiry into the 
allegations against the Royal 
Ulster Constabulary from Mr 
John Stalker. Deputy Chid 
Constable of Greater Man- 
chester, has still not com- 
pleted bis investigation, but 
his report win be handed over 
within the next two weeks. 

It is expected to raise a 
whole range of serious disci- 
plinary issues connected with 
tbe shooting of six civilians in 
Ulster four years ago — which 
will lead to calls for a shake-up 
in the way undercover opera- 
tions are monitored. 

However, intelligence 
sources were adamant yes- 
terday that tbe findings would 
have no great impact on the 


Acquittal on the “charge" of 
an official RUC shoot-to-kill 
policy is seen as crucial by the 
military authorities in Ulster 
because of the very dose 
relationship between the 
Army and the police. 

The policy in Northern 
Ireland is one of “police 
supremacy"and all operations 
undertaken by the Army have 
to be authorized by the RUC. 

A spokesman for the Min- 
istry of Defence said yes- 
terday: “We are keeping 
close watch on the outcome of 
ibis inquiry." 

During the Sampson in- 

S , the security authorities 
it quite dear that there 
was no question of any shoot- 
to-kill policy. 

What was at stake was the 
possibility of certain police 
officers believing they could 
get away with killing sus- 
pected terrorists during under- 
cover operations. 

Awful disquiet in a Brighton estate 

By Brian James 

The wall of the Assembly 
Hall at Monlsecoomb was 
brilliant with the colours of 
childhood: a birthday card list 
the best from last week's 
drawing test, and paper pas- 
tiche scenes of a Red Indian 
camp. But the adult world 
stridently intervened with two 
new' bright orange posters 
declaring: “Stranger — 

About 200 infants crouched 
on the floor. They were dearly 
unsettled, not by the blue 
uniforms of PC Mac and PC 
Matt because the community 
polieman and school’s liaison 
officer are old friends, but 

There were some terrible 
resonances in this room. On 
one wall a group of photo- 
graphs was labelled “A pow- 
wow in Wild Park”. Wild Park 
is just the other side of tbe 
A27. a mere inattentive glance 
through the classroom win- 

Parents speak 



dow. ft was there that the body 
of two former pupils of 
Moulsecoomb Infant School 
were found abused and stran- 
gled last Friday. It was in this 
same hall that Nicola Fellows 
and Karen Hadaway had 
heard, heard so many times, 
the talk that PC “Matt" 

because they could sense the Fiander was giving again now. 
awfiil disquiet of their teach- “How many of you have 
ers and were remembering the been told never to go 

* * a * * * 

odd way their mothers had 
kissed them hard when they 
pushed them through the 
school gales. 


strangers, even nice men who 
just warn you to help them 
find their puppies?” Every 
hand shot up. “Good! But do - 

you know what a stranger is? 
No, let me tell you. It’s 
anybody who is not your 
mummy, your daddy, your 
teacher, or a policeman like 
me in his unnomi. Even if 
you’ve seen someone many 
times, even if you know that 
he lives next door then please 
children remember he is still a 
stranger” said PC Fiander 
with a gentle and terrible 
earnestness. The .children all 
nodded and walked off 

“You tell 'em and you teil 
'em," said PC Fiander. "You 
play little games, dress up in 
ordinary clothes, make them 
feel clever when they catch 
you out and stflL." bis words 
tailed away, “look." said PC 
Mac. “I knew both those little 
girls. They'd taken it in. They 
wouldn’t have just gone. Any- 
way it is not all made useless 
by a thing like this. How do 
you know how many more 

have run or yelled because of 
what you told them nd saved 

The scene in Moulsecoomb 
Infants was repeated in every 
Brighton school yesterday. 
Officers from all over Sussex 
were called in to tackle 58 
assembly halls on the first day 
back since the double murder 
gave Brighton yet another 
bleak October. Their message, 
the little games, the video for 
the older children, were famil- 
iar. The atmosphere was hor- 
ribly different 

Until last weekend it was a 
liturgy often heard but seldom 
'“comprehended: “Strangers 
with Sweets" were merely part 
of the demonology that in- 
cluded “Wicked 

Stepmothers" and tile “Big 
Bad Woir. The threats they 
ail offered were not to children 
tike them but to improbably 
Continued on page 20, col 2 

90 children 
born after 

San Salvador (Reuter) - A 
woman gave birth to a baby 
boy at a maternity hospital 
here as nurses prepared an- 
other young woman for a 
Caesarean birth yesterday. 

More than 90 children have 
been born in a tent hospital in 
a parking lot near by since the 
earthquake on Friday. 

Salvadorean officials, who 
fear further tremors could 
destroy damaged hospitals in 
the capital, have evacuated 
hundreds of patients to tbe 
countryside and turned lawns 
and parking lots into make- 
shift operating rooms. 

Doctors are working around 
the clock to assist earthquake 
victims. But the shortages of 
anasihesia. antibiotics, sur- 
gical instruments and intra- 
venous serum are hindering 
operations. Qu&fee toll pa y 9 






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Consultants bow 
to Bart’s merger 

St Baitbatomew's Hospital Medical College, one of the 
world's most acclaimed medical institutions, yesterday 
ended Its resistance to plans for a mover between its pre- 
clinical school and two other tendon University 
colleges(Mark Dowd writes). 

The merger details, first announced by the University 

Grants Committee in November 1983, proposed that the 
school be merged with Queen Mary College and London 
Hospital Medical College, effectively ending Bart's intake 
of pre-dinical students. 

Then, in December last year, consultants at the hospital 
created a storm by opposing the £13 million proposals, say- 
ing the project was a waste of money. 

Revised plans now meet with their approvaland 
representatives from the college told Mr Justice Kennedy, 
in the High Court yesterday that they no longer wished to 
proceed with their action for jndidal review of the UGC 

Questioning delayed 

* Mr Forbes left London for a three-week holiday in 
California last Thursday. 

Mr John Lloyd, his editor at the New Statesman, said 
Mr Forbes told turn on the telephone that he intended to re- 
main on holiday and may prolong his stay in the United 
States “To do some jsww&tic work”. 

The Government has made it dear that it wants to trace 
the leak and may prosecute tiw“mole” for a breach of the 
Official Secrets Act 

Pay deal 
at Lucas 

Kent is 

TUm ffgMnwit and unions 
at Lucas Electrical have 
reached an agreement on 
pay, ending die dispute 
that lead to an overtime 
ban which halted produc- 
tion at Austin Rover last 

The deal, believed to be 
be an improvement on the 
company's 5 per cent pay 
offer, will be reconmiended 
to the 6,000 Lucas workers 
by their shop stewards at 
mass meetings over the 
next two days. 

The overtime ban, which 
led to 12,000 lay-offs at 
Austin Rover, was lifted 
last Thursday. 

Monsignor Bruce Emit, 
vice-chairman of CND, was 
yesterday convicted at Nor- 
wich Crown Coart of 
possessing hacksaw 
Madesjntending to damage 
a wire fence at an RAF 
Scolthorpe in Norfolk. He 
explained it was only “a 
symbolic act". 

Kent, aged 57, of Duncan 
Terrace, Islington, north 
London, was given a con- 
ditional discharge for 12 
months and ordered to pay 
£25 costs. 

• Mr Graham Day, the 
Rover Group chairman, 
has cancelled his visit to- 
day to the Press preview of 
the British International 
Motor Show in Bir- 
mingham doe to illness. 

Mr John Devanx, for the 
prosecution, said that while 
the Crown did not doubt 
Monsignor Kent’s sincer- 
ity, his actions, coupled 
with his intention to cot tiie 
wire, were dearly illegal . 

He claimed he had “law- 
ful excuse”. Judge John 
Blofeld ruled that this de- 
fence was not admissible. 

High seas high tech 

Government and industry are combining to research the 
possibility of Britain producing a high technology ship 
which could help to revive the nation's flagging shipping 
and shipbuilding industries (Rodney Cowton writes). 

It is felt that merchant shipping has been left behind by 
such industries as aerospace in the application of advanced 
techniques including information technology and inte- 
grated computer systems. 

The Department of Trade and Industry's Efficient Ship 
Project is trying to encourage industry to see whether these 
technologies could provide an alternative route to direct 
competition with the low-cost and price-anting shipping 
activities of less developed and communist countries. 


stampede , 

Public demand for a 
stake in British Gas is 
certain to outstrip the 
shares available, with 3.4 
million prospective buyers 
already making inquiries 
(Ian Smith writes). 

The rate of inquiries was 
staggering, with 10,000 
calk every hour round the 
dock, Mr Peter Walker, 
Secretary' of State for En- 
ergy, said yesterday at the 
opening of a national gas 
exhibition at Altrincham, 
Greater Manchester. 

Mr Walker promised ev- 
ery domestic gas customer 
would be guaranteed the 
chance of purchasing 



Airport rail link call 

A call for a direct rail link to Heathrow airport from cen- 
tral London was made yesterday by the airport’s watchdog 
body which also said consideration should be given into a 
new road link. 

In its annnal report, the Heathrow Airport London 
Consultative Committee says the scheme, serving both the 
central area and future development to the West, is 

It points out that Gatwick has a direct link, and another 
is planned for Stanstcd and that the benefits to passengers 
of short journey times, modem, purpose-built trains, 
proper baggage facilities and an end to long escalator 
journeys were “overwhelming”. 

Court ban on dump protesters lifted 

h ....w in mwsiinc oihw-h Mimv ' ih» Cm i , n »r Hioh ChprifP kssM eflor iho ftitwrk die have a! wavs for the activities of thos 

Anti-nuclear protesters in 
Lincolnshire and Humberside 
were jubilant yesterday after a 
High Court judge in London 
discharged 30 out of a total of 
50 people named in an injunc- 
tion restraining them from 
obstructing test drilling at two 
proposed nuclear waste 

Those discharged include a 
rector, landowners and many 
leading members " of the 
Fulbeck community in 

Mr Justice Henry, in the 
Queen's Bench Divisional 
Court, also discharged a repre- 
sentative action against two 
anti^nudeax organizations, the 
Humberside and Lincolnshire 
Against Nuclear Dumping 

groups, which Nirex, the 
Government's nuclear waste 

agency, had obtained in a 
High Court injunction last 

Protesters claimed the 
injunctions against 50 named 
individuals and “ail those 
belonging to or associated or 
affiliated with” the two 
organizations, amounted to a 
blanket ban to stifle legitimate 
protests against the proposed 
dumps at FuJbeck, Lincoln- 
shire and South Kiflingbolme, 

Mr Justice Henry gave a 
warning* however, that any 
person obstructing work could 
be in contempt of court. 

Mr Julian Hue, a Fulbeck 
landowner, magistrate and 

former High Sheriff said after 
the hearing that be was de- 
lighted with the judgement. . 

“It represents a major vic- 
tory for ns and we will 
continue our protests against 
the site in a lawful manner”, 
said 'Mr Fane, who. is chair- 
man of the 2^00-strong 
group. LAND. 

Mr Fane, who was one of 26 
people named in the injunc- 
tion against the Lincolnshire 
group, said he was relieved 

ihe ftlbeck ate have always 
been peaceful and lawful” . 

Mr Justice Henry ordered 
United Kingdom Nirex Ltd to 
pay the court costs of the two 
anti-nuclear organizations, 
which are estimated at be- 
tween £5,000 and £10000. 

for the activities of those who 
rook part was “unrealistic - 
• British seamen dumping 
nuclear waste at sea between 
1955 and 1982 were routinely 
exposed to five times foe 
radioactive dosage weaved 1 by 
workers at the Sdlafield 

tween £5,UUU ana xiu,uw. worxas 
A though a total of20people > nuclear reprocesisng ptent. 
are still revered by the injunc- according to Mr!*™ 
tions, Mr Justice Henry said the Genera^ 
they would be held respon- National Union of Seamen 
able only for their own future (Michael Dynes wmesj. 
actions. . Mr Slater said his informa- 

Nirex was granted leave to lion ^ based on a report bv 

avuwvwu dvuu tux IV J I _ 

that he had been discharged Nirex was granted leave to tion ^ based on a report bv 
from the injunction, along appeal to the Court of Appeal targp and Associates, a firm of 
with 17 other membere, against yesterday's judgement engineering consultants. A 
including the Rev Hugh but the judge refused a stay, spokesman for the firm said 
Middleton, rector of Fulbeck He said Nirex's argument Mr siater’had misunderstood 
and Caythdrpe. that the groups organized the report. 

Mr Middleton said in unlawful obstruction at the l^Rcoort. ease 10 

Caythorpe; “The protests at sites and were therefore liable Nirex uepwi. 

Bar to end 

Mr Patrick Forbes, aged 25, the journalist whom police 
want to interview about the leak of a confidential Foreign 
Office despatch from Sir James Craig, former Ambassador 
to Saudi Arabia, said yesterday that be bad no intention of 
returning early from hs holiday abroad to face questioning 
( Nicholas Beeston writes). 

to barrister 

fee sharing 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

The Bar is to abolish its rule would be required in appro- 
against purse-sharing, ■ under priale cases to disclose such 
which banisters have been arrangements, “to prevent a 
prohibited from pooling their potential conflict of interest” 

money to provide pupillages 
or tenancies for young bar- 

The issue has come to a 
head because of the radical 
Wellington Street chambers 
under Lord Gifford, ( QC, 
which for many years has bad 
the Bar’s only fee-sharing 

The chambers runs a kind 
of co-operative, by which all 
fees are pooled and each 
barrister draws the same 
monthly salary. Some of the 
remainder goes to pay a salary 
to pupil barristers, who tra- 
ditionally have to struggle on 
the smallest of incomes. 

In general, chambers are 
allowed to provide pupil 
awards from their income but 
none has opted for the pooling 
of foes or fixed salaries pro- 
vided at Wellington Sum. 
Partnerships and the sharing 
of receipts are both prohibited 
under the profession’s code of 

The Bar’s planning commit- 
tee investigated the matter last 
year but decided against disci- 
plinary proceedings without 
first looking at whether the 


Mr Alexander said that 
there no longer seemed to be a 
need to prohibit purse-shar- 
ing, although he did not 
believe many bamisters 
would seek to operate it 

Although awards for young 
barristers from the four Inns 

Ex-pupil sues 
chairman over 
child payment 

first looking at whether the 
rrie against purse-sharing was, 
“legally enforceable and m the 

public interest. 

The committee, under Mr 
Nicholas Phillips, . QC, has 
now recommended a change 
in the rules to allow puree- 
sharing, although partnerships 
will still be prohibited. The 
changes have been endorsed 
by the Bar Committee, the 
profession’s executive body, 
and are expected to be ap- 
proved by the Bar Council. 

Mr Robert Alexander, QC 
said yesterday that the Bar was 
against partnerships because 
one of the essential qualifica- ' 
lions of an independent Bar 
was that solicitors and liti- 
gants could have, the widest 
possible access to its services. 

At present, barristers from 
the same chambers could 
appear against one another. 
Partnerships would make that 
impossible and therefore re- 
duce client choice, he said. 

That did uni apply to purse- 
sharing, although barristers 

Mr David Cocks, QC act- 
ing chairman of the Criminal 
Bor Association, is befog 

taken to comt by his former 
pupil barrister over alleged 
arrears in maintenance pay- 
ments for their child. 

Miss Felicity Ha mm ertoe, 
aged 35, has taken out a 
summons against Mr Cocks 
due to be baud on November 
25 for what she ctofom to be 
non-payment of arrears of 

At the recent hearing to 
obtain the summons at Maiy- 
lebone Magistr a tes 1 Court, 
she maintained he had foiled 
to adjust the standard rate of 
tax and had continued to 
deduct 35 per cent although it 
was now 29 per cent 

As a result, on the basis of 
calculations since 1980, she 
argues £351 was owed to her. 
Mr Cocks, who is reputed to 
earn 290,000 a year, said last 
night he coald not comment on 
the allegations. 

CPSA poll 


date is set 

By Tim Jones 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher, who celebrated her sixty-first 
birthday yesterday, rutting a cake prepared for her visit to 
the British Designer Show, Olympia, London. The 
confection went to the NSPCC (Photograph: Dod Miller). 

Drugs war 

Main cocaine route blocked 

By Michael McCarthy 

of Court, the chambers and 
the Council of Legal Educa- 
tion are increasing. Lord 
Gifford's chambers maintains 
that purse-sharing gives 
greater scope for helping bar- 
risters from disadvantaged 
backgrounds, as well as en- 
abling the law to be practised 
in less remunerative areas. 

Mr Neill Morrison, deputy 
secretary of the senate, said 
that although most barristers 
would not want to operate 
such a scheme, it was a way of 
giving young barristers greater 

Customs investigators who 
uncovered a £3 million haul of 
South American cocaine hid- 
den in champagne bottles at 
Heathrow Airport at the week- 
end believe they have blocked 
an important channel of the 
drug into Britain. 

Millions of pounds in co- 
caine is believed to have 
followed a similar route into 
Britain from Colombia before 
four women and two men 
were seized at the airport on 
Sunday with a third man being 
arrested in London later. 

the celebrated marshland con- 
cert hall where Benjamin Brit- 
ten and Peter Pears gave many 
of the concerts of the 
Aldeburgh festival took pos- 
session of an Italian pump- 
action shotgun and a 32 
handgun, while an empty 
pistol holster and a bayonet in 
its scabbard were found at an 
address in Crystal Palace. 

authorities combatting the 
worldwide menace of drugs.” 

It is understood that the 
London investigators may 
have been assisted in the final 
stages of their swoop by the 
Colombian authorities but 
they were unwilling to disclose 

Parents raise outcry 
against gay tuition 

The smuggling is believed to 
have been Briiish-oiganized 
and not part of the “cocaine 
invasion” by the Colombian 
mafia, which is said to be 
seeking new markets after 
saturating the United States. 

By David Cross 

Angry parents will today 
withdraw their children from 
a primary school for the 
second day running in an 
escalating protest against the 
local education authority's 
“gay lib” policy. 

Mrs Elizabeth Sheridan, 
vice-chairman of Haringey’s 
Parents Rights Group, north 
London, said yesterday that 
her members would be keep- 
ing their children away from 
Belmont Junior School, the 
second primary school boy- 
cotted on successive days, in 
an escalating protest against 
Haringey council’s “gay lib” 

Mrs Patricia Headd, chair- 
man of the parents' group, 
said that they would be 
keeping up the pressure on ih? 

council after a similar boycott 
yesterday at Devonshire Hill 
Junior School 
She claimed that more than 
half of the 200 pupils at 
Devonshire Hill had stayed 
away from the classroom to 
signal their disapproval of the 
authority's policy to teach 
children a positive image of 
homosexuals and lesbians. 

That was contradicted by a 
council spokesman, who 
claimed that 85 per cent of 
schoolchildren had attended 
Mis Headd said that parent 
protestors were outnumbered 
by gay rights’ demonstrators 
from the Socialist Workers' 
Party carrying placards bear- 

Two men. a former roofer 
from London and a company 
director from Essex, both in 
their 40s, were being ques- 
tioned last night 
Customs officers who vis- 
ited a barge at Snape, in 
Suffolk, next to The Mai tings. 

The haul is being analysed 
and quantified but may ex- 
ceed the previous record sei- 
zure of 14kg and is likely to 
have a street value in excess of 
£3 million. 

Mr David Meflor, the Min- 
ister of State at the Home 
Office with special 
responsibility for drugs, who 
last month made a two-week 
tour of the cocaine-producing 
countries in South America, 
yesterday praised Customs 
and Excise for the seizure. 

“It provides an excellent 
illustration of the success to be 
gained from co-operation and 
co-ordination between inter- 
national law enforcement 

A Customs squad, 
codenamed Romeo, had been 
planning Sunday's seizure for 
six months after a tip-off. Up 
to 30 men had kept suspects 
under constant surveillance. It 
was known that the cocaine 
would be arriving at the 
weekend but not how it would 
be concealed. 

Bias claim 

over Libya 
raid report 

Panorama lied to hurt 
Tory party, court told 

By Jonathan MQIer 
Media Correspondent 

ing such slogans as “Support 
Lesbians ana Gays” and “Les- 

Lesbians and Gays” and “Les- 
bians OK". 

The Milky Way 


Nanking Cargo 

Scientists probe galactic mystery 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 


This remarkable Cargo was 
auctioned in Amsterdam amidst 
frenzied scenes not normally 
associated with auctions. We 
have Tea Bowls & Saucers in Blue 
Pine and Bamboo St Peony 
designs at Cl 70. 00 and Cl 60. 00 per 
set respectively. To order write 
IMMEDIATELY for Details and 
Order Form to; Spink Modem 
Collections Ltd.. FREEPOST, 29- 
i 35 Gladstone Road, Croydon, 
CR9 3RP. Quoting RefTj 

The position of a black hole 
a! foe centre of oor galaxy, the 
Milky Way, has been identi- 
fied by measurements that can 
be made only once every 19 or 
so years. 

Astronomers at the new 
British observatory on La 
Palma, in the Canary Islands, 
have exploited a rare event to 
probe the mysteries of the 
centre of the galaxy. 

Tbeir opportunity came 
nidi the first of three occa- 
sions when, as the Moon 
orbits the Earth, the centre of 
the galaxy is obscured from 
ground -based telescopes. 

Measurements of die black 
hole depended on observations 
as the edge of the Moon began 
| moving across die part of the 

sky where the centre of the 
galaxy is believed to fie. 

The only observatory from 
which this occnltation was 
risible was the 2J5 metre Isaac 
Newton Telescope, bnflt for 
British astronomers by the. 
Science and Engineering Re- 
search Council on La Palma. 

The black hole at the heart 
of the Milky Way, placed 
30,000 light years away from 
Earth, is believed to be sur- 
rounded by a vast disc of dost 
that It consumes. The radi- 
ation generated from the dost 
as it is sucked into die black 
hole is one of the indirect 

Infra-red maps of the part of 
the sky called IRS-16 have 
provided a muddled set of 

objects, according to 

The chance to use the Moon 
as a shutter has enabled the 
scientists to separate the im- 
ages into a dearer picture and 
identify the Made bide. 

Infra-red equipment built at 
Leicester University was at- 
tached to the Isaac Newton. In 
20 seconds, more than 1,000 
measurements were made as 
the edge of the Moon moved 
across the galactic centre. 3 

The new picture was assem- 
bled by analysing when each 
source of infra-radiation was 

The next occulations will be 
in Hawaii next year. After that 
it will be necessary to wait 19 
years to try again. 

The BBCs television cover- 
age of the aftermath of the 
American bombing of Libya 
in April forms the basis of a 
complaint prepared by the 
Conservative Party. It is ex- 
pected to be submitted soon to 
the BBC parliamentary and 
broadcasting industry sources 
said yesterday. 

The Conservative case 
against the BBC will rely in 
particular on a detailed analy- 
sis of reports by the BBC 
correspondent Miss Kate 

The reports, which included 
distressing scenes of children 
said to have been injured in 
the bombing, were prepared 
after she had taken a bus tour 
organized by the Libyans. 

Conservative Party officials 
have conducted a comparison 
of BBC coverage and that 
presented by Independent 
Television News, and found 
the BBC coverage to be tanta- 
mount to Libyan propaganda, 
the sources said. 

The examination was 
prompted by the personal 
anger of Mr Norman Tebbit, 
the Conservative Party chair- 
man. who is said to believe 
that the coverage was designed 
to embarrass the Government 

The BBC current affair s 
programme Panorama was 
accused in the High Court 
yesterday of deliberately lying 
to discredit the Conservative 
Party and MPs it labelled 
fascist. Fascist and anti- 

The methods it used to do 
this “would make Dr Goeb- 
bels, the Minister of Propa- 
ganda in Hitler's Nazi party, 
proud of them,' Mr Richard 
Hartley, QC told Mr Justice 
Simon Brown and a jury. 

He was making his opening 
speech in a libel action 

“The. BBC have used the 
classic trick of setting up a 
rogue’s gallery, gnSt by 
association,” Mr Hartley said. 
“It was as if Madame 
Tussauds were to put Mr 
Hamilton in the Chamber of 
Horrors.” . 

He said its objective was 
“plainly to discredit the 

Conservative Party and de- 
stroy the reputation of Mr 
Hamilton and others they 

brought against the BBC by 
Mr Neil Hamilton, Conser- 
vative MP for Tatton in 
Cheshire, over allegations in a 
1984 programme called 
“Maggie’s Militant 
Tendency” which linked him 
and other MPs to an extreme 
right-wing organization within 
the party. 

The programme, which in- 
vestigated Tory MPs’ links 
with the organization, used 
pictures of National From and 
British National Party 
marches. Nazi regalia and 
music associated with 

“Into this stinking cesspit oi 
unbelievable evil the BBC has 
dropped a -number of people, 
including Mr Hamilton. They 
have accused him of being a 
FascisL a racist and anti- 
SemcticT Mr Hartley said. 

“To do this they have used 
all the tricks of misinforma- 
tion and disinformation . 
exactly the tactics used by the 
Nazis during the war. It was a 
thoroughly dishonest pro- 
gramme made by people who 
were completely biased 
against the Conservatives.” 
Mr Hanley added. 

He continued We shall 
show these vile allegations are 
complete lies and that further- 
more. when the BBC made 

. ,. IUOUE 

these allegations they knew 
they were Ties.” 

they were Ties.” 

The BBC together with Mr 
Peter fbbotson, editor of the 
programme, Mr James Ho- 
gan, the producer, Mr Fred 
Emery, the presenter, and Mr 
Michael Cockerell, a reporter, 
all deny libel and claim the 
allegations were true in sub- 
stance and in facL 
The hearing continues to- 

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WHF.N VOir t iutt-w-v, 


IRA bid 
to murder 

is foiled '■ 

famuli 1 


By Richard Ford 

A Provisional IRA attempt 
to murder the Army’s 
commanding officer for the 
western half of Northern Ire- 
land was foiled yesterday 
when a booby trap bomb was 
discovered in a pa c kag e deliv- 
ered to his home. . 

The terrorists sent the par. ' 
cel containing the explosive 
device through ihe post to 
Brigadier Michael Scott, Com- 
mander 8th Brigade, at his 
home in the Waterside area of 

But suspicions about foe 
6 inch by 1 ineh brown pack- 
age were raised during what 
the Royal Ulster Constabulary 

ume -nArmil untniu 

A new vote to decide who 
will be general secretary of the 
moderate- domn a i ted Civil and 
Public Services Assodaoon 
will be held next month after 
controversy over foe election 
of Mr John Macreadie, a 
M utant Tendency supporter. 

Britain’s biggest Civil ser- 
vice Union has been split by 
accusations of ballot riggiffig. 
and counter claims of domina- 
tion by “right wing cliques, 
since foe election of Mr 
Macreadie. M , 

The independent Electoral 
Reform Society was called 1 fa 
to examine the ballot after Mr 
Maoeadie defeated Mr John 
tiik, the union's moderate 
deputy general secretary, by 
20,424 votes to 2&303. It 
ftautd no hard evidence of 
ballot rigging, bat discovered 
sufficient irregularities to 
recommend a fresh election. 

Before the election is re-ran, 
the executive is to examine 
methods of making foe voting 
process more obviously demo- 
cratic. Many members believe 
that hard left tactics in holding 
branch ballots at inconvenient 
times and at remote locations 
were instrumental in getting 
Mr Macreadie elected. 

Mr Ellis and his colleagues 
on the executive are known to 
favour a central voting system, 
whereby each individual will 
receive a ballot paper to post to 
an independent returning offi- 
cer. At present, voting papers 
are distributed at work 

Because of the union’s rales, 
this may not be passible in 
time for the forthcoming elec- 
tion but foe executive b con- 
fident it can tighten foe rales 
srffitientiy for the next elec- 
tion to be seen to be fairer. 

examine it A device was 
discovered and later made 
safe. . . . 

Lust night n was wn dear 
whether Brigadier Scott was 
handling the package himself 
at his home outside Army 
headquarters in foe city or 
whether a member of his staff 
raised the alarm. 

Both the RUC and Army 
refused to give any details of > 
whether the package had been 
delivered through the military 
postal system or bad breached 
a security compound. 

Fearing a renewed letter 
bomb campaign, police 
warned any member of foe 
public receiving a suspicious 
of unexpected parcel or tetter 
to contact them. 

“Suspicious packages 
should not under any circum- 
stances be opened by the- 
recipient.” a spokesman said. 

Earlier, police detained K 
“loyalist” men and one 
woman in the Waterside and < 

Umavady areas during dawn *\ 
raids on a number of houses, ~i 
They were taken to Castle- 
reagh holding centre in east: 
Belfast for questioning about; 
serious terrorist crime and can ■ 
be held for up to seven days. ; 

In Ballymena, County An- 
trim, five bullets had been* i 
delivered to Roman Catholics. ) 

i • ■ M^Atomiak . It. 

living on a housing estate with • 
a messaae giving them a week*. 

a message giving 
to leave. 

IRA squad 
helped by 

The smuggled cocaine was 
hidden in empty bottles of 
Taittinger 1981 which are 
black with a gold design and 
cannot be seen through. The 
eight bottles were sent as 
baggage from Bogota to 
London via Paris, the French 
route being chosen as smug- 
glers know that direct flights 
from South America are 
dosely watched. 

Peugeot to 
invest £30m 
in Britain 

Nuns attacked 

A man who punched threes 
elderly nuns in tire to after? 
breaking into a Roman Catho- 
lic home in Hereford, was 
being hunted by police- 1 
yesterday. ^ 

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iouse P 

AtfPS*-’ •’ 

A retired Civil Servant who l 
had been a wartime RAF pilot * 
allowed his home to be used as i 
the base for a “killing party" J 
which murdered an assistant 
governor of the Maze Prison, 
it was alleged yesterday. 

The assassination was- 
planned after the Civil Ser-; 
vant, who had Provisional- 
IRA sympathies, gave, 
information about the prison - 
officer's home. Belfast Crown 
Court was told. - 

Mr John Creaney, QC said« 
that foe main Crown witness 
would be Owen Connolly, the 
Civil Servant, who was serv-; 
ing a life sentence for his part 
in the murder of foe assistant 
prison governor. Mr WULianr 
McConnell aged 35, outside 
his home in Belfast in 1984. .! 

Three men, Eugene GD- 
martin. aged 28, Martin-Mur- 
phy, 28, and James Me-’ 
Aleenan. 27, deny murdering 
Mr McConnell who was shot 1 ' 
in from of his wife and' 

daughter, aged three. 

The men, all from Belfast 
also deny possessing a- re- 
volver and machine pistol 

A warrant was issued for the 
arrest of Mr Sean Hayes, aged 
25, who failed to appear after 
being released on bail on a 
charge of possessing guns used 
in foe killing. 

Mr Creaney said Connolly!; 7 
would tell the court bow 
“killing party” of two men and 
a woman arrived at his house - ; 
the night before the murder, 
left early in the morning and . 
returned after the shooting. . 

A diary found on Mr Mur-, 
phy had a ‘■positive- 
connection” with Connolly. 

The trial continues today. '! 



Up to 800 new jobs could be-* 
created in the West Midlands',; 
next year after foe decision by - 
the French-owned Peugeot- 
Talbot company to manufec- 
lure a new family saloon car a( . 
its Ryton fiiclory near Cov-' 
entry (Edward Townsend " 
writes). • - ^ 

Peugeot said yesterday that" 
with the success of its 309 . 
model in Britain it was deter-’*' ( 
mined to strengthen British 

The decision could mean an ; 
investment of at least £30 
million. '• 





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Father launches urgent 
appeal over ‘animal’ 
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yesterday made a desperate 

JJJPj, f0r , mfoiTn a J jon to 
track down the “animal" who 
had murdered his daughter 
J^rBame Fellows. aged 37, 
refused to make any t< J 
the kilter. “1 don’t think 1 have 
any pleas to make to that 

man that man ls ^ anima] 

line has a conscience, lei him 
come forward.” 

He urged that anyone who 

r e u Cn ,3 scra P ofinforma- 
tion should contact the police. 

Mr Fellows said he hoped 
that the murderer would not 
turn out to be. as police 
believe he is. a resident or the 
large Moulsecoomb council 
estate where both girls lived. 

“I would like to think he 
doesn’t. 1 would like it to be a 
stranger.” Mr Fellows said. 

His daughter Nicola, aged 
10, and her friend Karen 
Hadaway. aged nine, were last 
seen alive on Thursday eve- 
ning when they set left their 
homes in Newick Road to buy 
fish and chips. 

After a massive police hunt, 
their bodies were found lying 
together in dense undergrowth 
in woods at Brighton's Wild 
Park,, just across the A27 dual 
carriageway from the 
Moulsecoomb estate. 

Mr Fellows made his plea as 
Sussex police launched the 
biggest manhunt ever seen in 
Brighton, with special empha- 
sis on the Moulsecoomb hous- 
ing estate. 

By David Sapsted 

. ,ast pfchu more than 
1.000 people bad spoken to 
members of a squad of 160 

Sussex police said: "We 
plan to talk to everyone — 
parents, grandparents, chil- 
dren, everyone. We are taking 
lime to question them closely, 
not just to ask them whether 
or not they saw anything.” 

By the end of the week 
police hope to have visited 
every one of the 2,000 homes 
on the estate and interviewed 
an estimated 7,000 people. 

If reports were true that the 
gills had been taken away in a 
diny blue car, then Mr Fel- 
lows said that they either knew 
the man or were forced in. 

He said neighbours had 
been grief-stricken about the 
deaths and were enraged by 

“When I found out they had 
been sexually assaulted 1 
would have killed him then, if 
I could have found him. Can 
you imagine a girl sitting there 
seeing her friend getting 

“It's a terrible, terrible thing 
- why me?” 

Mr Fellows warned parents 
to keep their children indoors 
during the dark winter eve- 

His wife Susan was too 
distraught to be at yesterday’s 
press conference and is staying 
with her sister in London. 

The man heading the hunt 
for the double murderer, Det 
Supt Bemie Wells, said yes- 
terday that somebody must be 
screening the killer and said- 

they should come forward 
both for the murderer's sake 
and more especially, the sake 
of other children in Brighton. 

Police were yesterday visit- 
ing schools in the area warning 
them of the dangers of going 
with strangers or even people 
they know. 

Mrs Michelle Hadaway, 
29, Karen's mother, said 

:e believed that her daughter 
must have known her killer, ft 
was “someone she knew, she 
trusted, she liked”. Mrs 
Hadaway said. 

Mrs Hadaway, who is six 
months’ pregnant, said her. 
daughter was not the son of 
girl. lo talk to strangers. She 
reared that the killer lived on 
the estate. 

She said that her daughter 
Lindsey, aged five, was miss- 
ing her sister and crying a lot 
And she said that for the sake 
of other children anyone who 
had any information should 
come forward. 

“All the time they are 
protecting them the more 
likely this person is to go and 
do it to some other child,” Mrs 
Hadaway added. 

She said she now suspected 
everyone and was even look- 
ing suspiciously at people she 
had known for years.' 

Meanwhile, police have 
praised the “magnificent” re- 
sponse from the public to the 
appeal for information. 

Local people have so far 
raised more than £8,000 as a 
reward to be offered for the 
conviction of the killer. 

said her- Mrs Michelle Hadaway and Mr Bame Fellows at a press conference in Brighten yesterday (Photographs: Tim Bishop). 




bomb 9 

House prices show 12% rise 





















£ 31.380 

£ 41,320 

Change In Annual 
Quarter Orange 

+4% + 12 % 




+2% +5% 




+2% +6% 




+3% +8% 

£ 34,540 


+ 2 % 















- 1 % 





4-1% 46% 




+ 2 % 







48% +16% 




+ 1 % 

+ 10 % 




+7% +21% 






House prices increased by 4 
percent in the third quarter of 
the year, the same rise as in the 
previous quarter, and giving 
an annual increase of 12 per 
cent to the end of September, 
according to the latest house 
price survey by the Nation- 
wide Building Society. 

The society says the 4 per 
cent increase for the UK 
showed that rises were not 
abating, and that they were 
caused by the ready availabil- 
ity of mortgage finance, and 
the continuing rise in Teal 

The annual rate of house 
prices increase. 12 per cent, 
was 2 per cent higher than in 
the second quarter, and if the 

By Christopher WannaiL, Property Correspondent 

present high level of housing 
activity continued it was likely 
that the annual rate of rises 
would be dose to IS per cent 
by the end of the year. 

As the rate of increase 
continues well in excess of the 
increase in average earnings 
(7.5 per cent), the Nationwide 
points out that the house 
price/eamings ratio has in- 
creased to 3.54, compared 
with the longrterm average of 
3.25, making it slightly more 
difficult for prospective 
purchasers to buy. 

The society reports that 
almost all of the significant 
house prices rises during the 
third quarter were in the 
South-east, and that the recov- 

ery in prices -away from 
London, which had appeared 
in the second quarter, seemed 
to have been shortlived. 

House price changes in the 
quarter ranged from an in- 
crease of 5-7 per cent in the 
South-east, with London the 
highest at 7 per cent, com- 
pared with rises of only 1-2 per 
cent in most of the rest of the 
country and a fall of 1 per cent 
in the North. 

Greater London, as with all 
the surveys, shows the greatest 
increase during the past year, 
21 per cent The South-east 
recorded a 16 per cent in- 
crease, and tiie North only 3 

MPs seek law. 
to preserve 
school sports 

By Nicholas Wood 
Political Reporter 

Local education authorities 
should be forced to make 
“proper provision” for com- 
petitive sports in their schools, 
a group of backbench Conser- 
vative MPs is insisting. ■ 

Mr William Cash, Conser- 
vative MP for Stafford, has 
tabled an amendment to the 
Education Bill, to be debated 
when the Commons returns 
next week, requiring local 
authorities to ensure that all 
children aged seven and over 
have every opportunity to 
play games. 

The move reflects alarm 
about the decline of team 
games such as cricket, soccer 
and rugby under the impact of 
spending restraints and ega- 
litarian education philos- 

Mr Cash said yesterday he 
had the support of many of his 
colleagues and the Central 
Council for Physical Rec- 
reation. which has been in the 
forefront of the campaign ip 
revive die competitive spirit 
on school playing fields. 

*»I don’t want to drive 
children against their will on 
to a freezing cold rugger pitch, 
bui 1 do want to give diem the 
opportunity to play the game 
if they wish. Because they 
don’t believe in competitive 
sport, some of these left wing 
authorities arc depriving chil- 
dren of the opportunity to take 
part.” he said. 

However, it is unlikely that 
Mr Kenneth Baker. Secretary 
of State for Education and 
Science, will accept Mr Cash s 
amendment. Although he is 
on record as deploring tne 
“sour and pessimistic dis- 
missal of the competitive 
spirit", he is believed to regard 
the amendment as impractical 
because not all schools can 
offer the range of sports listed. 

Chelsea fan cleared 
on ‘Fat Man’ charge 

Terence Matthews, a Chel- 
sea football fan, was not “The 
Fat Man” who nearly killed a - 
public house manager with a 
broken glass, a Central Crim- 
inal Court jury decided 

But Matthews, of Buckhold 
Road, Wandsworth, south- 
west London, did take part in 
the fight during which the 
manager was seriously in- 
jured, the jury said. 

Matthews, aged 26, a 
scrapyard worker, was jailed 
for four years for affray m the 
Henry J Bean public boose in 

Terence Matthews, who was 
jailed for affray 

King’s Road, Chelsea, south-1 
west London. 

But he was found not guilty 
of causing grievous bodily 
harm to Mr Neil Hansen, the 
manager, on December 29. 
1984, and was acquitted of | 
riotous assembly outside 
Chelsea's Stamford Bridge 

Matthews had told the jury 
that he had not attacked Mr 
Hansen, although be admitted 
in the chest and 
off his glasses. 

The public bouse fight came , 
in the evening, after Chelsea 
had suffered a 2-1 home defeat 
against Manchester United 

• Two lpotball hoolif 
were sentenced by 
Magistrates' Court yesterday i 
for their part in the riot ai| 
Odsal Stadium, on September 
20 . 

John Richard Cresswdi, 
ami 2|, from Bawn Drive, 
DM Farnley, Leeds, was jailed 
for three months and Richard 
Jordan, aged 18, a labourer 
from Sunny Brow Lane, Brad- 
ford, was sentenced to eight 
weeks detention. 

A Syrian intelligence officer 
ordered a Jordanian journalist 

to use a girl to plant a bomb on 
an El A1 jet flying out of 
Heathrow Airport, an anti- 
terrorist squad officer told the 
Central Criminal Court yes- 

“He Add me to' use the girl 
because .it is more secure,” 
Nezar Hindawi, aged 32, the 
journalist, of bo fixed address, 
allegedly told the police. 

Mr Hindawi, accused of 
using his pregnant girlfriend. 
Miss Ann Murphy, also aged 
32, as a human timebomb iu an 
attempt to blow op the Israeli 
plane, has alleged he was 
recruited by Syria. He 
denied attempting to blow up 
the jet on April 17 with 375 on 

Det Sergeant William Price, 
of the anti-terrorist squad, 
said Mr Hindawi churned he 
was warned by the Syrians 
that If he said anything about 
it to the authorities, “in less 
than 24 hoars a quarter of my 
family would he dead”JHe 
allegedly said he had more 
than 500 of his family in Syria. 

Sergeant Price said Mr 
Hindawi told him that after 
Miss Murphy booked a flight 
on the jet he raid her to change 

“I wanted her to keep 
changing the ticket so she 
would get fed up and I would 
escape and finfah this,” Mr 
Hindawi allegedly said. 

Seargeant Price sail, that 
Mr Hindawi also told him the 
Syrians were dealing with the 

He said Mir Hindawi ex- 
plained why, after hs arrest, 
be first told police he believed 
the package he gave Miss 
Murphy contained only drugs. 

Hafthan Said (the Syrian 
intelligence officer) told urn to 
say the story about drugs or 
they will loll my family.” 

Mr Hindawi was asked if he 
found it difficult to face the 
fact he was going to blow up a 
plane, the officer said. 

Mr Hindawi allegedly re- 
plied: “The key in the cal- 
culator which should be in the 
off position to go bang, I pot it 
on on. I did not want It to go 

The detective challenged 
him on why be had asked Miss 
Murphy to take it on the plane 
in that* case. He replied: “I 
must take the bag. I was 100 
per cent sure that security 
would catch it and Said would 
know i sent it.” 

Mr Gilbert Gray, QC, for 
the defence, suggested that the 
threatened to send Mr 
wi to Israel after his 
arrest and that the Israeli 
tee service, 
would shoot him. 

Seaigeaat Price denied that 
Mr Gray accused the detec- 
tive of gemg to Mr Hmdawf s 
cell in the night and 
him “If we let you out 1 
will shoot you. We, the Brit- 
ish, will look for the man who 
shot you but he wfl] escape.” 

The officer toM the jury: 
“No, absolutely not.” 

Mr Gray: “You told him the 
British Government would ar- 
range for him to go to Israel in 
a short time.” 

Sergeant Price: “I did not.” 
Mr Gray: “You toM him he 
should co-operate ami sig n 

every paper iu front of him and 

never dare suggest he had been 
threatened or put under 

Sergeant Price: “Nothing 
Kke that was ever said.” 

Mr Gray: “Yon told him, 
signall the papers and you will 
he sentenced to 35 years in 

Sergeant Price: “I did not 
y that” 

He bearing continues. 

Yacht rescued after 25 days adrift 

By Richard Ford 

Two fishermen hope they 
have landed their most valu- 
able catch with the discovery 
of an abandoned yacht flouting 
off the west of Ireland. 

They rescued tire 45ft 
aluminium-hulled Sentigen as 
it drifted towards rocks off 
County Galway. 

The Dutch-owned yacht was 
abandoned in a force nine gale 
off the Azores 25 days ago 
while its owner, a retired 
doctor, and his wife were 
sailing from New York to The 

Today Dr Cornelius den 

Hartog, aged 68, is due to 
arrive in the remote village of 
Clifden to reclaim his vesseL 

The fishermen, Mr John 
Roberts and Mr Dents Keane, 
are planning to negotiate a 
salvage fee running into thou- 
sands of pounds. 

Dr Hartog said that the 
yacht which he has owned for 
nine years, is worth £50,000 
and he is prepared to offer the 
two men £5,000. But they 
Haim it fs worth much more 
and that the fee should be 

The yacht was spotted three 

miles out to sea and, according 
to Mr Roberts, it would have 
hit rocks within 30 minutes 
had they not taken it under 

Dr Hartog ami his wife; 
Gcrda, aged 68, abandoned 
the yacht 600 mfles west of 
Ireland when their food ran 
out after enduring storms for 

A cargo ship answered their 
distress call and took them to 
New York from where they 

flew home 

to The 

The Bamber trial 

Parents ‘fought for lives’ 

. The parents of Jeremy 
Bamber put up a desperate 
struggle for life as their son 
allegedly murdered them, a 
jury was told at Chelmsford 
Crown Court yesterday. 

Dr Peter Vanezis, a Home 
Office pathologist, said that 
during the course of Nevill 
Bomber’s fight for survival be 
received two black eyes, se- 
vere cuts and bruises to his 
face and bead — injuries 
consistent with an assault 
from a rifle bntt 

Mr Bamber, aged 61, who 
was shot eight times with a 
shotgun, was probably fighting 
for his life until the first of four 
head wounds killed him. 

Dr Vanezis said: “In my 
opinion he was no longer 
struggling when the four shots . 
to his head were fired but with 
all the other wounds he obvi- 
ously was. These wore fired 
while he had been 

Nevill Bamber’s wife June, 
who was shot seven times, 
probably used her arms and 
tegs in an automatically defen- 
sive way to ward off the shots 
fired at her. 

By Michael Horsneti 

Before she received two 
shots through the head, which 
were quickly fatal, she was 
also wounded in. the neck, 
right arm. right knee and twice 
in the cbesL 

Jeremy Bamber, aged 23, a 
farmer's son from the village 
of Goldhanger, Essex, close to 
his parents' farmhouse at 
Tolleshuut D’Arcy, denies 
murdering June and Nevill 
Bamber, his adoptive parents, 
Mrs Sheila Caffell his step- 
sister, and Nicholas and Dan- 
iel, her twin sons. 

The twins were shot in the 
head as they slept. 

Under cross-examination 
by Mr Geoffrey Riviin, QC 
Dr Vanezis agreed that unlike 
the other two adult murder 
victims, there was nothing to 
suggest that Mrs Caffell had 
tried to fight off her attacker. 

Mrs Caffell, aged 27, the 
former London model known 
as “Bambi”, who was orig- 
inally suspected by police of 
having carried out the mur- 
ders before committing sui- 
cide, died from two near- 
contact wounds through the 

A firearms expert suggested 
that she could not have killed 

Mr Malcolm Fletcher, a 
ballistics officer from the 
Home Office forensic science 
laboratory at Huntingdon, 
told the court that with the 
silencer fitted to the .22 rifle 
which was used to slaughter 
her family at their remote 
farmhouse last year the 
weapon would have been too 

Mr Fletcher said that he 
.experimented with three fe- 
male volunteers close to Mrs 
Caffell’s height of 5 ft 7'Ain to 
see if they could reach the 
trigger with the muzzle of the 
gun pointed to their necks: 
they failed. 

The prosecution has alleged 
that Mr Jeremy Bamber re- 
moved the silencer after 
shooting her and hid it 

The silencer was later found 
by relatives three days after 
the murders, after police had 
overlooked ll Inside the bar- 
rel her blood had penetrated 
more than two inches. 

The trial continues today. 

Marquis arrested ‘in opium den 9 

The Marquis of Blandford 
was supplied with cocaine by 
the owner of a menswear 
shop, Knightsbridge Crown 
Court iu London was told 

Mr Angelos Sawides, aged 
37, who took the drug himselfi 
let the shop basement be used 
as “an opium den”„ it was 
alleged- ft was there Lord 
Blandford. heir to the £60 mil- 
lion Blenheim Palace fortune, 
was arrested, the court was 
told. He was not carrying 
drugs at the time. 

The role of Mr Sawides was 
outlined by Mr David Bate, 

QC during the trial of Law- 
rence Zephyran, alleged drugs 

Mr Bate said the den, below 
A and S Menswear in 
London’s Edgware Road, be- 
longed to Mr Sawides. 

During cross-examination 
of a police officer, Mr Bate 
said Mr Sawides was a user of 
cocaine and obtained drugs 
from another person and was 
supplying Lord Blandford and 
using it, himself. Lord 
Blandford has already admit- 
ted possessing cocaine and Mr 
Sawides, of Hyde Park Man- 
sions, Gabell Street, Maryte- 

bone, has pleaded guilty to 
allowing the Edgware Road 
premises to be used for the 
preparation, taking and sup- 
ply of cocaine. 

Shortly after the police raid. 
Mr Zephyr, described as a 
“major drugs dealer”, arrived 
with cocaine, worth £2,300 

Mr Zephyr, aged S3, of 
Asmore Road, Maida- Vale, 
west London, denies four 
charges of possessing and 
supplying cocaine, three fire- 
arms charges and one of 
having an offensive weapon. 

The hearing continues 

— ( S/old~ l 

Family to j 
decide on i 



A Civil Servant is the sole* 
winner of yesterday’s Portfolio] 
Gold prize of £4,000. i 

Mr Derek Ashton, aged 63,; 
from Woking, Surrey, has? 
played the Portfolio Gold; 

game regularly since it started* 

in The Times. ■ 

“I am quite pleased about; 
winning,” Mr Ashton said ■ 
yesterday. I 

He said he checked his* 
Dumber jost before setting oat * 
on a “journey in the fog”. ; 

“1 was One short 1 did a re- . 
check but I was still one short l 
Then I saw that I had put ■ 
down one of my numbers ’ 
wrong and I added one. I bad ; 
to concentrate very hard while - 
driving on (be motorway,” ’ 
Mr Ashton added that he* 
had ntu yet decided bow be. 
would spend his prize money. ; 
“I’ll discuss it with the family i 
tonight” he said. ' 

Readers who wish to pby> 
the game can obtain a Port- ‘ 
folio Gold card by sending a ; 
stamped addressed envelope ■ 
to: Portfolio Gold, , 

PO Box 40, ; 


BBl 6AJ. 

Lead pollution 
falls after 
additive cut ; 

The concentration of lead ' 
pollution in the air from cur ; 
exhausts has fallen by about < 
50 per cent in a year, after the * 
cuts in lead additives imposed ■ 
by the Government (Pearce ! 
Wright. Science Editor, ; 

An almost instant improve- " 
meat in air quality is shown in ; 
preliminary figures published . 
yesterday by the Department * 
of the Environment . ■ 

• It reflects the reduction of 1 
lead additive from 0J8 grains * 
a litre to 0.14 grams. 

The total amount of lead ] 
additive discharged from mo- ■ 
tor vehicles in the first three : 
-months of last year was 1,680 • 
tonnes. Over the same period - 
this year it was 640 tonnes. * 

Details of the improvement * 
In air quality are contained in a * 
report yet to be published by * 
the Government’s Warren ' 
Spring Laboratory, at • 
Stevenage, Hertfordshire, .* 
which has been monitoring tire ; 
atmosphere at die kerbside of ; 
21 urban and rnral sites since s 
1976. ? 

The figures were disclosed * 
yesterday by Mr William ' 
Waldegrave, Minister for the ■ 
Environment. He met motor I 
industry, consumer and ; 
environment groups to exam- ■ 
ine ways of encouraging a !. 
speedier introduction of cars ■- 
using lead-free petrol. 



7/ &/>// - . 

a woo* 



Van Heusen 

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Famous names, as well as 
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So you can make huge savings. 
(In fact up to 35%. ) 

At Acuman, you’ll 'be spoilt 
for choice. We’ve over 5000 suits 
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Computer expert jailed 
after selling banned 

equipment to Russians 

-lA leading British computer said, would have advanced the 
engineer was yesterday sen- soviet military command and 

fenced to nine months in 
prison, after he admitted il- 

conirol facilities. 

But he added it was is 

legally exportingto the Soviet impossible to put a figure on 
Union computer equipment the value of this equipment, or 

worth millions of pounds. 

..Bristol Crown Court was 
told that Alan Simmons, aged 
41 , was exporting advanced, 
prohibited computer equip- 
ment to Moscow, which posed 
a threat to national security. 

-Mr Simon Darwall-Smith, 

the profit that Simmons 
made. ■ 

During committal proceed- 
ings earlier, magistrates were 
tola that Simmons bought the 
British and Amercian-made 
computers for around £1 mil- 
lion, and then sold them to the 

for tire prosecution, said that east “for something like two- 
Simmons was using fictional and-a-half of three times die 

names and documents to 
channel the technology behind 
the Iron Curtain. 

.Simmons, of Dens Farm,' 


Simmons, trading as 
Simmons Computer Services, 
or Pratts Ltd, purchased the 

Wadhurst, near Tonbridge equipment in Britain and 
Wells, Sussex, admitted eight West Germany then arranged 

charges of illegally exporting 
without a licence, and be was 
jailed for nine monthson each 
count, the sentences to run 
concurrently. He was also 
fined £20.000 on one charge. 

‘Mr Justice Smart-Smith 

for it to be exported through a 
London company, G P Office 
Supplies, of Connaught Street: 

But Customs and Excise 
investigators found that the 
Connaught Street address was 
nothing more than a mail drop 

told him: “It is dear that these and a u Mr Browning", said to 
items were capable of military be Simmons’ partner, did not 

use, even though they may exist 

well have been well-known to 
the Soviet authorities’*. 

Mr Darwall-Smith de- 
scribed how Nato member 
countries draw up lists of 

When Simmons was ar- 
rested, at Birmingham Airport 
in November 1984 , investi- 
gators found that he was also 
using another false name, Mr 

equipment which could be of West 

military use to the eastern Using rh*t name, Simmons 

blpc. The items Simmons was 
exporting were on those lists. 
Some of the equipment, he 

was shadowed as he collected 
a consignment of computer 
equipment in Bristol and then 

the drove a hired car to Bir- 
ind mingham Airport where he 
met an unidentified wo man at 
is the arrivals terminal 
on Undercover customs and 
or excise officers then saw 
ms Simmons unload the com- 
puter equipment into an ex- 
ed- port wjvehouse where be 
ere arranged for it to be shipped to 
the Wiesbaden m West Germany, 
tde That, Mr DarwaU-Smitb said, 
til- was a false destination, 
he Investigators, found that 
to- Simmons used a Lekhenstein- 
the based company, Intertignum, 
to receive his instructions and 
as payments from the Soviets, 
es, which were then banked, they 
be suspected, in Switzerland, 
nd Mr Paul Chadd, QC for the 

ed defence, described Simmons 
1 a as “a buccaneer” whose aim 
ice was to make profit out of the 
et: Russians with “nefarious” 
ise dealings. 

he He said that Simmons, a 
as father of two. was one of the 
op world’s leading digital oom- 
to pu ter engineers, who bad held 
ot major consultative posts with 
international companies. 
if- He poured scorn on the 
nt prohibitions on exporting cer- 
ti- tain equipment to the east, 
so and added: “To pretend that 
dr these prosecutions can 
achieve anything is doubtful”, 
ns Mr Chadd said: “There is 
ed nothing in these charges of 
er value whatsoever to the Rus- 
sn sian military machine.'’' 

of science 
for new 


Baker may 
snub Tory 
council on 

By Tim Jones 

Dr Rande (left) with Cardinal Hume yesterday (Photograph: Pud Lovelace). 

Call for ecumenical day of peace 

The Archbishops of Canter- 
bury and Westminster, Dr 
Robert Runcie and Cardinal 
Basil Hume, jointly appealed 
yesterday for national prayers 
for peace on October 27 , the 
day leaders of all . the main 
world' religions are to join 
Pope John Paul O for a “day 

of prayer” at Assisi Italy 
(Clifford Longley writes). 

The archbishop and the 
cardinal will both be in Assisi 

Dr Runcie hading the delega- 
tion from the An g li can 
Comm union, and Cardinal 
Hume as President of the 
Council of European Bishops’ 

At a joint press conference 
at Lambeth Palace, Dr Runcie 
said the. outcome of the talks 
between Mr Gorbachov and 
President Reagan were 
“deeply disappointing”, al- 
though he felt insufficient 

information had emerged so 
for to make a judgement 

The two English church 
leaders will join leaders of the 
Jewish, Muslim. Hindu, Bud- 
dhist Sikh and Shintoist 
faiths for a series of cere- 
monies and prayer meetings. 

Or dinal Hume called for 
prayers- that there should be 
no repetition of the two world 
wars and that nuclear weapons 
will never again be used. 

■* • ’ ‘ k .* . / ’ • 

f * /■<•*•’* . : 
!..«■■ “.'i 

' #• . *, • ' / V 

" m • • 1 1 ; V 

Who said you can’t get something for nothing. 
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You repay the cash price of the 
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The deal covers the entire^ 

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diesels, three petrol models, 


as well as the Special Edi tion Visa Leader, a sporty 
looking newcomer in petrol or diesel versions. 

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Professor Psml D Cook. 
MBE, Is convinced that 
industry must be made more 
glamorous, although the 
Efoddy-duddies of Cambrid ge 

and Oxford may be bonified . 

For bis launch, tofflght of 
“Scftech *87 JobptedgeT * 
sefaeme which he hopes will 
provide jobs for 10,000 of next 
year’s school leavers, he has 

bullied, pressed and persuaded 

shewbusiness stars to be 
present at the Natural History 
Museum, South Kensington, 

Professor Cook, consultant 
to British Aerospace and 
professor of laser technology 
at Brunei UuiversBy. believes 
Britain is finished unless ea- 
glueeiiag and technology can | 

achieve the high-flying «atus 
it achieved dunag the 1960& 

Which is why he and the 

trustees of the British Science 

and Technology Trust wiU 
tonight be feting guests from 

They iednde Sue Pollard, 
the actress who plays the 
accident-prose chalet maid in 
Bi-Di-Hi, the telemsioa series 
set in a holiday camp of the 
1950 s, a period when new 
technology meant a fresh rib- 
bon for the typewriter. 

He hopes that employers 
from all aspects of British 
Industry wDl promise to give ax 
least one young person a foli- 
Him Job as a result 

Huge posters fea turin g 
“Bisto-style” children wifi 
appear in large dtps asking 
potential employers to give the 
young a chance. 

Professor Cook said yes- 
terday: “Children today see 
DaOas and Dynasty and none 
of that glamourizes science or 
technology. In the real world 
show-biz stars influence peo- 
ple, which is why 1 am pleased 
many of them have accepted 
die invitation to come along to 
die launch.” “At first, I and 
ray fellow trustees of the 
British Science and Technol- 
ogy Trust, were going to 
confine the effort just to 
science and engineering. But 
after considerate we thought 
that unfair and now we want 
any employer in any field to 
ring us up and pledges real job 
for a young person.” 

He added: “We must get 
mums and dude aware of the 
opport uniti es in engineering 
and science and I hope Chat the 
involvement of stars from 
show business wifl make them 
aware of the opportunities.” 

By Nicholas Wood 
Political Reporter 

One of Britain's most 
Thatcheritc local authorities « 

bracing Uself for » double 
rebuff from Mr Kenneth 

Baker, Secretary of State fcr 
Educauon and Science* over 
its schemes for teacher ap* 
nraisat and measuring foe 
performance of schools. ■ 

Conservative-can trotted 
Croydon is among nearly 20 
authorities competing 10 pin. : 
ncer appraisal in the woke of 
the outline agreement on 
teachers' pay and cooditions 
reached at Covenuy tn July. 

It believes that pupil perfor- 
mance should be one of the 
main criteria for sMB t i ig 
teachers* work. , . 

It argues that raising eduefe 
lional standards must be the 
main goal of appraisal, while 
the other authorities empha- 
size teachers* career develop- 
ment and better overall 
management of staff. v... 

Mr Baker is expected to 
announce the six winners to 
conduct pilot schemes at the 
end of this month. The results 
wiU be used to draw up 4. 
national framework covering 
teacher assessment. 

Croydon is also pressing for 
fends from the research bud- 
get of the Department of - 
Education and Science to bdp 
it with a project examining the 
(inks between education! 
expenditure and output. 

But it is likely to be <&■ 
appointed on both counts. His 
understood that Mr Baker 
believes that the Croydon 
scheme is too tough , and that 
including it among the pace- 
setters would inflame 
teachers* unions- 

Yesterday, Mr Donald 
Naismith, director of educa- 
tion for Croydon, said he was 
aware of suggestions that his 
authority would not be among 
the chosen six. 

Over the past two years, 
Croydon has angered teachers' : 
unions by introducing a series 
of measures aimed at makteg 
schools more accountable to 
parents and ensuring value for ‘ 
money. They include; 

• Standardized testing of 
dren in English and 
mathematics at the ages of 
seven and 1 1 and releasing fee 
results to parents. 

• Publication of a parental 
guide to the curriculum. 

• Collaboration with a City- 
based company of manage- 
ment accountants on 
objectives for comparing 
schools. . ■* 

Glasgow’s ‘bus war’ 
resulting from 
vigorous competition 


The “bus war” in Glasgow has 
led to 350 buses an hour being 
driven along Ren field Street, the 
House of Lords was told today. 
Lord Brahazan of Tara, Under 
Secretaiy of State for Transport, 
said that if the vigorous 
competition between buses in 
Glasgow were to produce severe 
congestion, the traffic 
commissioner could “determine 
appropriate traffic regulation 
conditions” in response to a 
request from the traffic 
authority — in this case 
Strathclyde Regional CounciL 
JHie traffic commissioner's 
office in Scotland told The 
Times that no request for 
conditions to be imposed had 
yet been received, but meetings 
were being held to uy 10 achieve 
some agreement be t we en the 
traffic authority and the various 
opera tore engaged in Glasgow. 

If no agreement emerged from 
these meetings, a request for 
conditions to be imposed, such 
as the use of certain routes, 
could be made to the 
commissioner. The 

commissioner could act at once, 
but ifa bus operator objected, an 
inquiry would have to be held. 
Lord Brahazon of Tain said in 
the House of Lords that the 
Transport Act 1985 had been 
intended to encourage 
competition and thus to benefit 
bus passengers. • There was 
vigorous competition in 

The question was raised by 

in other cities when there was 
complete deregulation. 

Lord Brahazon of Tara said that 
the traffic commissioners' 
power to make conditions 
would apply in other areas, if 

Lord Campbell of Croy (CV In 
Glasgow there are buses in 
search of waiting passengers, an 
exact reversal of the situation 
which obtained until recently. 
That is a wricome change for the 

Lord Brahazon of Tara: He is 
right. We were told during the 
passage of the Transport Bill 
that the buses would disappear 
Now it seems that the opposite 
has happened. 

Lord Underhill (Lab) said that 
at certain peak periods, 350 
buses an hour were using 
Renfield Street and that meant 
congestion. If that were to 
continue, would steps be taken 
to collate information for the 
bus passengers? 

fori Brahazon of Tan reprated 
that regulation was a matter for 
the traffic commissioner. 

Lard Somers said that one way 
in which the buses would 
compete would be to try to 
arrive at destinations more 
quickly than their competitorc 
and that could be a serious 
threat to road safety, 
fori Tordof T said that public 
money was being used to try .to . 

swamp private opera to r s trying 
to operate within the terms of 
the Act. Public money was still 
going into transport in Scotland 
in quite a big way. 
fori Brabazao of Tara: The 
Government is keeping in touch 
wifli the competitvc situation 
and if any evidence emeses, the 
Government will take die 
appropriate action, as doubtless 
will the Office of Fair Trading. 

Lord Tontoff (L) who said that 
there was a little more than 
vigorous competition and be 
feared the situation could occur 

Minister confident for 
future of ferries 

Sgffig between cross- serious, but talks are continuing 

9 1 would be wrong to make 
must routes means that, in tntp am> 

ihe^ fotuVrirVh 0 ‘do not accept that the sale of 

“»!* *®s wrong. That 

<k*«sion would havefod to be 

°i S “ ,c if « had remained in the 
iur transport, said dunna lunw. d.:i 

_ ■ -- —uu j vi oiaic 

lor Transport, said during 
question lime in the House of 

hands of British Rail. 

Lord Ootwyn of Pmtboe. 
Leader of the Labour Peers. 

reiain S a W ^fiS l 5 Trie L. WO ft5 asked whether* flielSbitniiJ^SS 

damaging decision at 

■ uiv CUbCI 

t^S UCI,0n rf *** 

(Lab) said that 
the unions concerned in the 

taplron „ - 4 . warn 

fS/aa* aes 

Government had a 
10 d6 

Weymouth had been reported to 
the Secretary of State for 
Transport, who had reserve 
powers under the Transport Art 

Lord Brahman of Tara: The 
Secretary of State’s power to 
take action is not great at 
present. He holdsa golden share 
fort it would only come into play 
ifSeaco tried to sell Seatink. ■ 

Parliament today 

Lords CL30): Financial Services 
Bill, report stage. 





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Doctors nearer 
to identifying 
babies at risk 
of heart defect 


By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

A *. cause ° r heart defects in ' 

newborn babies has been 
fonnd which could lead to 
eariy identification of infants 
who might, be ai risk. 

The discovery has opened 
the way for work into preven- 
tion measures. 

i Jfearch doctors, from 
t-^cas University, discovered 
that heart defects occurred in 
babies whose mothers carried 

a «. c ? r S n Iype of molecule in 
their blood serum. 

The substance crossed the 
placenta from the mother to 
the developing foetus, where it 
reacted harmfully with heart 

The discovery links into 
other research showing iha t 
children can be born with 0iseasc - 
temporary mild symptoms of But observations by doctors 
illnesses from which their working in Leeds with Profes- 
motners suffered a long time sor James Scott, revealed a 
before they became pregnant. — ~ c — * :i — — 

The temporary conditions 
are believed to be triggered by 
antibody molecules, produced 
by the body's immune system 
during ibe illness to protect 
against a repetition of the 
infection. When the antibody 
crosses the placental barrier, 

-- mild 

tially harmful molecules pas- 
sing from mother to the 
developing child. 

*he experience, of 
thalidomide showed the ir- 
reparable damage that oc- 
tthred when an unwanted 
molecule breached the filter- 
ing mechanism. 

In sharing the mother’s 
blood circulation, the growing 
infant is also protected in- 
directly by the parent’s general 
immunity to illnesses. Hence, 
the potentially devastating ef- 
fects to the foetus of the 
German measles virus are 
blocked in the mother’s body 
by the protective antibodies of 
a previous episode of the 

the equivalent 
reaction to a 

On most occasions 

of a 

most occasions the the blood serum before preg- 
remarkable properties of the nancy. Professor Scott's team 
placenta protects the develop- is searching for a way of 
iog foetus, by stopping poten- “blocking" their action. 

*»wi ijwtL, ibvuxrcu a 

class of antibody which can 
cross the placenta and attack 
heart tissue. The details of the 
study, supported by the Brit- 
ish Heart Foundation, are 
contained in a paper in the 
New England Journal of 

The harmful molecules; 
which belong to a family of 
proteins known as < immuno- 
globulins, can be measured in 
the Wood serum before preg- 

Films and 
pop fare 
best on 
cable TV 

By Jonathan Miller 
Media Correspondent ' 

Pop music and films are 
doing better on cable tele- 
vision than sport and art, 
according to' new research. 

But Independent Television 
and BBCl still do better than 
any of the new programme 
services created to service 
cable television. 

A survey of 670 cable 
households in Britain, con- 
ducted by AGB Gable and 
Viewdata, the research com- 
pany, shows that 90 per cent 
of cabled homes watch ITV 
every week and 87 per cent 
watch BBCl. 

The most popular cable 
service is the mm channel. 
Premiere, which attracts 76 
per cent of the audience every 
week. Mr Rupert Murdoch’s 
Sky Channel, which pro- 
grammes light entertainment 
with a heavy dose of pop 
videos, reaches 49 per cent of 
the audience. 

The survey shows that cable 
viewers prefer Channel 4 and 
BBC2 to most of the new 
services created for cable. 
Channel 4 readies 4$ per cent 
of the audience while BBC2 is 
viewed by 45 per cent. Screen 
Sport and the Arts Channel 
reach 28 per cent and 4 per 
cent respectively. 

• Sky Channel now reaches 
seven million homes in 
Europe, an increase of a 
million in five months. 

The fastest growth is in 
West Germany where con- 
nected homes have reached a 

Ex-PoWs step up campaign 

Twenty-five British former 
prisoners-of-war who rl»ftn 
they were used as “guinea 
pigs" in germ warfare experi- 
ments, conducted by Japanese 
doctors, have stepped up their 
campaign for compensation 
from the Japanese 

The men, who spent op to 
four years in the Mukden 
PoW camp hi Manchuria 
daring the Second World War, 
have again appealed to Mrs 
Margaret Thatcher to take up 
their case. 

Their spokesman, Mr Ar- 
thur Christie, aged 65, of 
Bryncir, north Wales, said 
yesterday that American 
survivors from Mukden and 
other camps in Japan and 

By Trudi McIntosh 

Korea, had just completed 
giving evidence to a Congres- 
sional bearing before the 
House Veterans Affairs sub- 
committee on compensation, 
pension and insurance. 

The American PoWs are 
campaigning for a 60 per cent 
disability pension for aB 
PoWs in the United States, 
irrespective of the camps in 
which they were interned. 

Although a decision on the 
hearing wiB not be known for 
some months, Mr Christie 
said that Mrs Thatcher could 
no longer ignore the “terrible 
injustice facing the last few 
British survivors. 

“We want a faU pnhBc 
inquiry in Britain, similar to 
the Washington hearing. It is 

the very least the British 
Government can do -after 
sweeping the matter under tire 
carpet for the past decades," 
Mr Christie sahL 

Copies via diary kept by the 
British PoWs of fife behind 
the barbed wire at Mukden 
were given in evidence at the 
American hearing. 

“We are net after rev e nge 
but troth and justice. We don’t 
want competition from the 
British Government. The 
Japanese G ov ernment should 
be made to pay comp ensa tion 
to the British survivors." 

Mr Christie said that only 
25 out of the 87 men who 
returned to Britain from Muk- 
den, have managed to reach 
the age of 65 and over. 

Planning controls: 2 

Permission puzzle 
adds to confusion 

The planning system was devised to ensure fairness for aU. But 
as Hugh Clayton reports, in the second of three articles, there 
are fears that it is not quite as just as it is meant to be. 

After die raid, the squatters with a memento front their "home", a portrait of Co 
Gadafft, the Libyan leader (Picture: Peter Trievnor) 

Gang try 
to evict 

A gang of 10 men armed 
with a sledge-hammer and a 
knife broke down the door of a 
Libyan-owned building in 
central London yesterday in 
an attempt to evict a group of 

Some of the 12 squatters 
were kicked, punched and 
threatened. Women in the 
group had bedclothes ripped 

°^Tbe men, who had a Dober- 
man Pinscher dog with them, 
were led by an Arab. 

They arrived at the building 
in Queens Gate Terrace, Ken- 
sington, at 8am. 

Miss Susan Riddoch, aged 
23, said the men came into the 
room screaming and yelling. 

“They ripped the sheets off 
the bed and told ns to get up. 
get out and go home to 
mummy. They insulted us and 
called ns cows," she said. 

Miss Kristy Kistier. aged 17, 
said: “It was horrible. They 
watched two other naked girls 
getting dressed in spile of 
being asked to leave." 

Mr Robin Marshall, aged 
28, the spokesman for the 
squatters, sakfc“Three heavily . 
buDt men stormed into my 
bedroom on the second floor 
and dragged me out of bed. I 
ran outside and phoned the 

Police officers halted the 
eviction and told the gang that 
they would need a court 
eviction order. 

Three features of the plan- 
ning system cause widespread 
resentment and suspicion. 
One is the exclusion of farm 

If you want to erect a 
carefully designed office block 
in the countryside, you must 
seek local council permission, 
it instead, you are a farmer 
and want to put up a corru- 
gated barn with a tractor shed 
attached, you do not have to 
ask anybody, no matter how 
enraged the neighbours may 

Further resentment is 
caused by “deemed planning 
permission", which enables 
councils to award themselves 
leave to put up new buildings. 
The logic is impeccable. The 
law says that if you want to 
build something substantial, 
you must ask the local plan- 
ning authority. If yon are the 
local p lanning authority, then 
you must ask yourself. 

When the Commons Select 
Committee on the Environ- 
ment took evidence on the 
planning system eariy this 
year, it heard many com- 
plaints about “deemed per- 
mission”. Mr Graham Eyre, 
QC, an inspector at the in- 

quiry in the eariy 1980s into 
the proposal to build 
London's third airport at 
Stansted aerodrome. Essex, 
described that as “a curious 
machinery" of which advan- 
tage could be taken. 

“It is not that it is. it is flat 
people think it is. Unless you 
change the system radically, 
you will not get rid of the 
psychological barrier that the 
layman feels,” he said. 

The trend towards decision 
by appeal is the third cause of 
discontent with the planning 
system. If you apply to your 
local council for permission to 
build something, and are re- 
fused, you can appeal to 
ministers. Most such appeals 
are derided by inspectors ap- 
pointed by ministers, rather 
than by midisters themselves. 

More and more such ap- 
peals are being upheld, which 
means that developers can 
leapfrog local derision-mak- 
ing. The percentage of upheld 
appeals has risen from 25 to 
41 per cent in 10 years. Iflocal 
questions are to be derided 
increasingly by central gov- 
ernment, why then have local 
scrutiny at afl? 

Tomorrow: Remedies 

MPs’ last 
chance for 
change on 
tunnel Bill 

By Martin Fletcher 
Political Reporta 

MPs considering the Chan- 
nel Tunnel Bill today begin 
their final IJ-day session of 
hearings before making 
amendments that could cru- 
cially affect the financial 
viability of the tunnel project 
itself, of the south coast ports 
and of the rival ferry 

In theory, the select 
committee was convened to 
examine only the Bill's effect 
on private interests but in 
practice it seems likely to go 
for beyond that limited remit. 

The tunnel's opponents, 
notably Seal ink ferries, have 
repeatedly emphasized the 
dangers of allowing passengers 
to travel through the rail 
tunnel while in their vehicles. 

The select committee is also 
aware of attempts to use the 
hearings as a public platform 
from which to undermine the 
confidence of the tunnel's 
allegedly nervous financial 

However, ai least one MP 
has threatened to produce a 
minority report if the commit- 
tee does not address the 
question of safety, and other 
committee members broadly 
support him. 

It is not impossible that the 
committee could can for the 
separation of passengers from 
their cars, thereby adding 
millions to the project's cost 
and seriously eroding the 
tunnel's time advantage over 
the ferries. 

While the Transport and 
General Workers' Union will 
attempt to raise die question 
of safety again this week, the 
British Pons Association is 
likely to emphasize the im- 
portance of fair competition, 
giving a warning that up to 
100,000 jobs could otherwise 
be lost over a period of time io 
ports throughout the country. 

Again the tunnel’s oppo- 
nents win argue that it is 
unfair that the ferries have to 
separate passengers from ve- 
hicles while the tunnel does 
not. • 

The committee may call for 
the ferry companies to be 
released from an Office of Fair 
Trading ban on them co- 
operating with each other, 
enabling them to stagger their 
sailings rather than running 
simultaneous and competing 

sailing s. 

Head is “ 
for sex 
assaults : 

A primary school head- 
master who took part in sexuhf 
games with young boys was- 
jailed for four years yesterday'!*. 

Ernest Lane, aged 58. in* 1 
decently assaulted boys aged 
eight and nine in,a classroom 
and on a holiday trip to the 
Isle of Wight last year. 

Exeter Crown Court was 
told that Lane resigned from” 
the Bickfeigh Church of En^ 
gland school near Tiverton.-’ 
Devon, after the offences, 
came to light. He asked for- 
tune other offences to be takcVf 
into consideration. 

Lane, a married man. of 
Limetree Mead, Tiverton.’ 
admitted five charges of gross 
indecency and indecent as- M 

£175,000 for >: 
deaf teenager . ; 

. Christopher Hunter, aged. 
18. of Chesterfield. Derby- 
shire. who went deaf in in-.- 
fancy after being treated with- 
an antibiotic drug spray, was- 
awarded £1 75.000 damages ip, 
the High Court yesterday. 

in 1970. he was treated with 
the drug Neomycin, for third. . 
degree burns from scalding at 
hospitals in Bath and Bristol;; 
The damages and costs arc to 
be paid by the Wessex and; 
South Western Health; 

River sealed “ 
to save fish 

Scientists sealed ofT the 
River Lark flowing into the 
River Ouse in Cambridgeshire 
yesterday to stop the spread of 
organic pollution which has 
killed thousands of fish. 

The operation was launched 
after a sewage station leak at 
Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk. 

Property case 

Mrs Soraya Khashoggi 
failed to appear at Winchester 
County Court yesterday be- 
cause of medical reasons to 
apply for the return of prop- 
erty, alleged to have been 
stolen from her homes in 
Britain and seized by police in 
1983 at a flat in north London. 
The case was adjourned. 

Royal lights 

The Duchess of York is to 
switch on Christmas lights in 
Regent Street. London, on 
November 13. marking a re- 
turn io tradition. 

is almost over 

(But dorit worry there are still 
more prizes left than many 
other competitions start with) 

Every day there are still 10 Concorde holidays to Miami to be won. Every week there is still a one-year unlimited travel pass for two to be won. And 
there’s still Concorde to be won for a day. You can enter everytime .you fly with us from or within the UK. But hurry, the competition ends on October 31st. 

British Airways 


. The worlds favourite airline. 

* * 



Buying life assurance can be a lot more 
expensive than you think. 

Because there’s a big difference in the 
amount of money that certain companies 
will pay you when your policy matures. 

In fact, even on a £30 per month, 
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That’s why you should always ask 
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before you commit yourself. 

At Scottish Amicable, we believe ours 
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If you look at the payout tables, you’ll 
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Any independent financial adviser 
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He may also recommend one of our 
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every month. But it’ll make you thousands 
over the years. 

(Source: Money Management with Profits Endowment Performance Survey. May 1 986) 











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— — r Re y^javic impasse: East and W est fire first shots In the propaganda battle 

Superpower relations 

. 111 limbo as each 
side blames the other 

Leaders go their separate ways 

Relations be**™ fc ■**!»* 

StSSI why the Kicmiin can so often 

result of the breakdown of th« °f M r Gorbachov, 


>, ability for which teSovE 10 endin 8 ^ 

L Union is deiermiJSl ffJS ^XSSEF*'"** 
squarely on the shouldereof Sovfet ^ ’ 

hawks within the Reagan 
Administration. ■ 

Senior Soviet sources made 
char before Mr Mikhail Gor- 
bachov, Uie Soviet leader, left 
here yesterday for Moscow, 
that no realistic possibility of 
holding the scheduled Wash- 
ington summit now existed 
unless there were clear indica- 
tions that the Reagan Admin- 
istration was willing to 
compromise the stand on Star 
Wars which it took in Iceland. 

“This is a moment of 
truth" said Mr Georgi 
Arbatov, head of Moscow's 
influential USA and Canada 
E ^Institute and one of Mr 
^Gorbachov’s closest advisers. 

1 “1 think it is very important 
what happened at Reykjavik 
because from now on. a lot or 
fig leaves have been shed and 
a lot of things are absolutely 

The bespectacled and quick- 
witted official was one of a 
number of Soviet advisers 
whom the Americans believe 
were instructed to issue clev- 
crty-slanted leaks about the 
weekend talks at a crucial time 
in the negotiations in order to 
increase pressure on President 

Both Mr Arbatov and Mr 
Yevegny Velikhov, a leading 
member of the Soviet arms 
control team, chose to break 
the news blackout agreed by 
both governments to present 
the world with the tantalizing 
notion that major cuts in 
nuclear arsenals were just 
around the corner. 

Senior Western observers 
are convinced that the leaks 
were pan of a Soviet strategy 
to bring Mr Reagan to the 
hastily-arranged “pre-summit 
summit" in Iceland and then 
to depict him as the main 
obstacle to peace if - as 
happened — it foiled to reach a 
single concrete agreement 

US officials point out that 
the leaks, one to Tass and the 
other to the BBC were timed 
to pressure the American team 
just before the crucial extra 

tactics were again 
clearly displayed by Mr 
Arbatov in a sharply-worded 
interview after the summit 
collapse. He was asked what 
Mr Gorbachov had meant 
when be said that the Kremlin 
would wait while the Ameri- 
cans reflected on the. con- 
sequences of what bad 
occurred m Reykjavik on 
October 1 1 and 12. 

“It is simply that nobody 
can accept on such a question 
(as the potential elimination 
of nuclear weapons) Amer- 
ica s ‘no’ as an answer,” Mr 
Arbatov replied. "It is impos- 
sible, we just cannot allow it 

6 ‘A lot of fig leaves 
have been shed and a 
lot of things are 
absolutely naked 9 9 

It is the life of everybody at 
stake, so it has to be done. So 
we can wait, but not wait 
sitting idle." 

He claimed that he person- 
ally^ had been “over-confid- 
ent” that the Americans 
would accept the Soviet arms 
control package. 

This still remains on the 
table but, after Reykjavik, 
appears umbilically linked to 
a US climbdown on Star 
Wars. The package was de- 
vised at a number of top-level 
Moscow meetings in recent 
weeks during which Mr 
Gorbachov is understood to 
have come under strong pres- 
sure from the Soviet military 
establishment (the most 
hawkish element in the coun- 
try) not to agree to any 
concessions without securing 
a ban on weapons in space. 

The influence of the mili- 
tary . planners was dem- 
onstrated by the important 
role played on Saturday's 
marathon 1 OV^-bour overnight 
negotiating session by Mar- 
shal Sergei Akhromeyev, the 
Soviet Chief-of-StafF. “The 
close involvement of the mili- 
tary in the political side of 
arms control is one reason 

seize the propaganda advan- 
tage,” one Western source 

Despite genuine disappoint- ■ 
mem on the Soviet side at 
Sunday's failure to secure ' 
what both svdes-agrecd would 
have been unprecedented cuts 
in uud ear arsenals (as op- 
posed to the limitation only 
agreements reached until 
now), there was also satisfac- 
tion among Mr Gorbachov’s 
advisers that once again they 
had emerged with an advan- 
tage over the Americans, who 
will have a harder job sdling 
President Reagan’s decision to 
the world . 

Soviet sources here noted 
that, as in Geneva last 
November, Mr Gorbachov 
had also been able to score a 
considerable tactical advan- 
tage by staging an immediate, 
post-summit news conference, 
while President Reagan chose 
to leave immediate explana- 
tions of the summit's dra- 
matic collapse to his Secretary 1 
of State. 

At the press conference — 
held in a cinema from which 
posters of the Ram bo-style 
American film Top Gun had 
been hastily removed by the 
Icelandic authorities — Mr 
Gorbachov turned in a vin- 
tage performance. 

One of the few hopeful signs 
to emerge flora account of a 
negotiating failure was Mr 
Gorbachov's lack of personal 
antipathy towards Mr Reagan. 
“My impression is that we can 
deal with President Reagan,” 
Mr Gorbachov said. “We can 
continue dialogue with him, 
we can work together.” 

As a result of the indefinite 
postponement of the Wash- 
ington summit, and by defi- 
nition the 1987 one which 
should have taken place in 
Moscow, the only theatre left 
for dialogue appeared to be the 
long-running nuclear arms 
reduction talks in Geneva. 

“They (the talks) have got to 
get out of the swamp.” said Mr 
Arbatov, without explaining 
how the negotiators could 
progress in face of the obstacle 
of a linkage toStar Wars on all 
proposals made ai Reykjavik. 
“They have to make a new 
impetus now and they have to 
make a new beginning.” 

his wife Nancy, after arriving at Andrews Air Base, while Mr Mikhail Gorbachov and his wife Raisa, leave for Moscow. 

Adam Roberts on the future of arms control 

A window of opportunity beginning to close 

At Reykjavik, as so often 
before, arms control negotia- 
tions seemed to promise a 
great deal and ended op 
delivering bo thing. Two ques- 
tions immediately arise: why 
did the mind-summit end with- 
out formal agreement? And 
what hope is there now for 
fntnre negotiations 

Mr Paul Nitre, left, President Reagan's special arms talks adviser, with the West German 
Foreign Munster, Herr Hans-Dietrich Genscher, at Nato HQ in Brussels yesterday. 

Whitehall view 

The immediate cause of this 
deeply disappointing break- 
down is the US Shir Wars 
plan — the Strategic Defence 
Initiative: according to one's 
viewpoint, one can either 
blame Mr Gorbachov’s appar- 
ently last-minute insistence 
that without new restrictions 
on Star Wars there would be 
no deal, or one can blame Mr 
Reagan's apparently inflexible 
determination to go ahead 
with this debatable project. 

However, immediate causes 
are not necessarily fun- 
damental traes- East-West 
aims control talks have ran 
into tronble too often in the 
past for one single contem- 
porary explanation to suffice. . 

They have ran into tronble 
because of the high level of 
distrust; because of nervous- 
ness about monitoring and 
ensuring compliance with any 
agreements; because of ex- 
treme difficulties in defining 
exactly what is permitted or 
prohibited ooder agreements; 
because of concern on the part 
of military leaders; and be- 
cause of fears that one aspect 
or another of an agreement 
will be advantageous to an 
adversary or harmful to an 

In the immediate aftermath 
of Reykjavik, each side 1ms 
Mamed the other for the 
breakdown of the talks — 

Poland briefing 

though so far in fairly re- 
strained terms. Thus arms 
control, as so often, served as 
an instrument of political 

In fact weaknesses in the 
arms control approach itself — 
weaknesses which affect both 
sides — have to explain the 

Despite the expectations in- 
evitably raised by a summit, 
the most that amid have been 
hoped for from Reykjavik was 
a very preliminary broad- 
brash agreement oatiming the 
main features of a possible 
fntnre treaty. 

Turning such agreements 
Into treaties is a slow and 
tricky business at the best of 
times — witness the five years 
it took to ton the November 
1974 Vladivostok Mend on 
inter-continental missiles into 
the fll-foted and anratified 
Salt 2 treaty of 1979. 

Reykjavik had seemed to 
open up a “window of 
opportunity” for arms control 
precisely because President 
Reagan, with two years left of 
his presidency, bad just 
enough time to secure the 
passage of an agreement 

through the difficult phase of 
treaty-making and the equally 
hazardous phase of congres- 
sional ratification. Time is 
now naming ont on that hope. 

As this window of opportu- 
nity begins to dose, can any- 
thing be salvaged from the 

Many will still hope so, 
including those who supported 
American rearmament in the 

6 It was all or 
< nothing. It is not 
surprising they shied 
away from a deal 9 

hope that ft could lead to 
genuinely equal measures of 
disarmament, and those Euro- 
pean Nato governments which 
have adhered firmly to the 
moltilateralist Site through 
seven lean years in which 
there have been no newagree- 
medts and much public 

Any arms control progress 
In the next few years will 
probably involve selecting 
particular issues which are 
capable of solution by formal 

The whole history of arms 
control is one of fixing on 
issues more or less on their 
own: Antarctica in 1961, 
nuclear tests in 1963, biologi- 
cal weapons in 1972, and most 
recently, at Stockholm, the 
observation of military 

By contrast, the negotiators 
at Geneva in the past few years 
have taken on three important 
sets of issues - intermediate 
nnclear forces, inter- 
continental nuclear forces, and 
space weapons - and they 
have in the event been unable 
to disentangle them from one 

Fmthennore, their work has 
focused largely on numerical- 
limit type agreements, which 
hare an uninspiring historical 
record and hare the unfortu- 
nate side effect of making 
numbers seem especially 

Both the US and the Soviet 
Union hare been guilty in the 
past few years of putting 
forward schemes for the mas- 
sive reduction of nuclear weap- 
onry which were grandiose but 
lacking in detail. At Reykjavik 
this seems to have happened 

Iceland glum after summit failure 

Reykjavik (AFP) - Iceland- 
ers. beginning with Mr 
Steingrimur Herraannsson. 
the Prime Minister, yesterday 
expressed bitter disappoint- 
ment at the failure of the 

“1 have to admit it was 
disappointing,” Mr Hermann- 
sson said at the reopening of 
two schools which had been 
borrowed as press centres by 
2,000 ' news people from 

around the world to cover the 
weekend meetings. 

A journalist with Icelandic 
radio, Ingimar Ingimarsson, 
said that among people he 
talked to there was a fear that 
Reykjavik might become a 
associated with failure in the 
public mind. 

Two schoolgirls said they 
had to stay at home on Sunday 
afternoon because the main 
road, which also leads to the 

airport, was sealed off in 
anticipation of President Rea- 
gan's departure from before 
3pm until just before he left, 
some five hours late, at 

The managing editor of the 
left-wing newspaper Thjodvil- 
jinn said bitterly on Sunday 
night that be felt the American 
delegation had behaved badly 
towards Iceland. 

Ministry surprised at 
Russian insistence 

By Peter Davenport, Defence Correspondent 

Soviet allies await their cue 

Senior Ministry of Defence 
officials yesterday admitted 
their disappointment at the 
failure of the Reykjavik sum- 
mit, but said they were surp- 
rised that the Russians had 
been so firm in their insistence 
on linking I he US Strategic 
Defence Initiative (SDI) with 
arras control agreements. 

In pre-summit discussions 
between Whitehall and Wash- 
ington, the Government had 
been folly aware of how far 
President Reagan was prepar- 
ed to go in his efforts to secure 
a major initiative including the 
suggestion of the coiapipfe 
removal of cruise and Pershing 

missiles from Europe- 

Howerer despite the geno- 
me disappointment at the fail- 
ure to conclude an agreement, 
the Government remained 
“very supportive” of the 

American position over the re- 
fusal to abandon Star Wars re- 

There was an awareness 
(hat (he Soviet leadership 
would be out to extract the 
maximum propaganda vahw 
out of their insistence that it 
was only President Reagan's 
seeming intransigience on Star 
Warsthatstood in the way of a 
major arms reduction agree- 

Although the UK and West 

Germany have agreements to 
join research on the project, 
several other Nato countries 
have considerable doubts 
about the wisdom and practic- 
alities of SDI and they could 
well surface when the Nato 
nuclear planning group meets 
at the deneagles Hotel in 
Perthshire next week. ■ 

A senior Whitehall official 
said yesterday: “The position 
now could well raise questions 
from some European allies on 
whether ft was really worth 
chucking a,lot of 
away for the sake or 

But one former Chief of the 
Defence Staff warned: “Al- 
though all the Maine is being 
put on Reagan it must not be 
forgotten that the Soviets have 
an anti-ballistic missile sys- 
tem in place and are moderniz- 
ing, while the West has no 
ABM system. It seems quite 
reasonable to me for Reagan to 
say to the Soviets, *if you want 
me to give up Star Wars, you 
remove your ABM system' 

Another former occupant of 
the position said sack an ag- 
reement would have made a 
nonsense of the reason for hav- 
ing Cruise and Pershing 2 in 
the first place; that of provid- 
ing a flexible nuclear response 
and as a symbol of US com- 
mitment to European defence. 

Mr Nikolai Ryzhkov, the 
Soviet Prune Minister, ar- 
rived in Warsaw yesterday for 
talks with the Polish leader- 
ship that will include a brief- 
ing on the Reykjavik summit. 

The visit, planned wefl be- 
fore the weekend meeting 
between Mr Mikhail Gorba- 
chov and President Reagan, 
fits into a network of top-level 
consultations between Mos- 
cow and Hs allies that will 
culminate in a Warsaw Pact 
foreign ministers session in 
Bucharest this week. 

Above all, Moscow’s allies 
need reassurance. The com- 
mon view is that when the 
superpowers sneeze, the War- 
saw Pact catches cold and 
sometimes has to endure a 
long period of quarantine 
from the West. 

Many East European lead- 
ers are planning to step West- 
wards spots: Herr -Erich 
Honecker, the East German 
leader, wants to embark on his 
long-postponed visit to West 
Germany: General Wojriech 
Jaruzelski. the Polish leader, 
wants to travel to Italy and 
have an audience with Pope. 
The Bulgarians and Hungar- 

From Roger Boyes, Warsaw 

ians are also planning ex- 
peditions to the West, albeit at 
a less elevated level. 

The good news for the Pact 
is that these trips are probably 
still on. There is to be no all- 
embracing East-West depres- 
sion. diplomats in Eastern 
Europe say. 

“What wfl] probably change 
is the content of East-West 
political talks,” one analyst 
explained. “There will now be 
an all-out crusade against Star 

The tone of East European 
press coverage of the summit 
yesterday showed how the 
Pact win use the Reykjavik 
failure: American obstinacy 
over the Strategic Defence 
Initiative is holding np a 
breakthrough on intermedi- 
ate-range missiles in Europe 
and strategic weapons control. 

The headline in the Polish 
Communist daily Trybuna 
lical: “F 

Ludu was typi 
does not exploit the historic 
chance to limit nuclear arms.” 

The mission of East Euro- 
pean visitors - especially to 
countries like West Germany 
who are associated with SDI — 
is to drum up support for 

World reaction 

demanding new concessions 
on Star Wars from the Ameri- 
cans. That restricts the nego- 
tiating space somewhat for a 
man like Herr Honecker, who 
wants to make his trip to West 
Germany — perhaps his last as 
party leader — an occasion of 
historic importance for the 
two Germanics. 

The main concern for Po- 
land is how the indeterminate 
outcome of Reykjavik win 
affect US sanctions against 
Warsaw. It has been clear for 
some time that Washington 
was about to lift some or all 
the remaining sanctions, 
which include a freeze on new 
credits - and suspension of 
Most Favoured Nation trad- 
ing status. 

But this move was predi- 
cated to some extent, on a 
successful summit that would 
usher in a new ponefliatory 
phase in East-West relations. 
Diplomats say that the US will 
probably lift sanctions any- 
way, but the announcement 
may be delayed and the 
decision more cautiously im- 
plemented than might other- 
wise have been the case. 

Nakasone cites ‘severe’ climate 

Pravda’s no comment 

Moscow (Reuter) - Pravda 
vesterday briefly reported 
without comment the dose ot 
the Reykjavik summit 
Other Soviet newspapers, 
normally not printed on Mon- 
days. appeared but earned 
only the same photograph ot 
Mr Gorbachov and President 

Reagan and the same brief 
Tass dispatch saying the meet- 
ing had ended. Soviet tele- 
vision broadcast Mr Gorba- 
chov’s news conference live. 

After the summit in Geneva 
in November 1985, the Soviet 
media wailed few several days 
before commenting. 

New York (AP) - Initial 
world reaction to the Reyk- 
javik .summii stalemate in- 
cluded a significant measure 
of disappointment, but in- 
cluded calls that the lack of 
progress not be allowed to 
spur the arms race or threaten 
world peace. 

Hie two-day session in the 
Icelandic capital ended with- 
out any accord on nuclear 
weapons or testings, items the 
superpowers had said were on 
the agenda. 

Mr Yasuhrro Nakasone. the 

§ . 

Japanese Prime Minister, said 
last night “I highly value the 
efforts by the two leaders in 
the summit It is very regret- 
table that they foiled to reach a 
final agreement Judging from 
the outcome, we can tell that 
the undercurrent in the inter- 
national situation is very 

Mr L6o Tindemans. the 
Belgian Foreign Minister, said 
he was “slightly disappointed, 
but I am not without hope. If 
it is true that the Strategic 
Defense Initiative blocked an 

accord in the end, there is still 
hope. 1 really believe the 
Americans and Soviets will 
reach a compromise on Star 

The French newspaper, Le 
Figaro, saw the summit result 
as “in the end. salutory. Mr 
Gorbachov's insistence on 
obtaining from Mr Reagan the 
abandonment of his space 
defence project has dissipated 
the ambiguities on which the 
Soviet leader played so clev- 
erly to seduce the American 
and European public.” 


Bonn plans 

Bonn (Reuter) - The West 
German Government an- 
nounced emergency plans yes- 
terday to step up security in 
Bonn after the shooting of a 
senior ' Foreign Ministiy of- 
ficial by Red Army Faction 
urban guerrillas. 

Herr Friedhehn Ost, a Gov- 
ernment spokesman, said se- 
nior civil servants and se- 
curity advisers had met to 
discuss the implications of 
Friday’s killing. 

Soweto survey 

Johannesburg (Reuter) — 
More than half of the adults in 
South Africa's biggest black 
township, Soweto, are out of 
work, according to a survey. 

Aden elections 

Aden (Reuter) — South 
Yemen’s parliamentary elec- 
tions, the second since in- 
dependence from Britain in 
■1967, will be held on October 
28, officials said. 

Donkey fuel 

Dar es Salaam (Reuter) — 
President Mwinyi told Tan- 
zanian formers they should 
use donkeys and ox-carts to 
transport their crops because 
the country could not afford 
the foreign exchange for trucks 
and petroL 

Landmark lost 

Bern (AP) - Vandals have 
destroyed the Fountain of 
Justice, more than four centu- 
ries-old and a landmark of 
mediaeval Bern. 

Portrait stolen 

Brussels (Reuter) - Thieves 
have stolen a painting by the 
late 'Italian artist Amedeo 
Modigliani worth an es- 
timated £699,000 from a pri- 
vate Brussels residence. 


— Jfeit 

DAKS) Simpson 

* 01-7M SOOt ll C CAD ILLY. 

The hopes that the}' would 
concentrate on a preliminary 
accord on one single matter — 
intermediate nuclear forces — 
were dashed. In the end it was 
all or nothing. It is not 
surprising that they .shied 
away from a deal 

Something could be 
salvaged from Reykjavik. On 
Sunday evening Mr George 
Shultz said the two leaders 
“had laid the foundation for 
some important potential 
agreements on cutting strate- 
gic and medium-range arms”. 
These will doubtless be taken 
to the Geneva drawing board. 

However, they have no 
chance of being implemented 
unless a more serious attempt 
is made to abstract out of the 
complex web of strategic rela- 
tions those subjects which are 
suitable cases for treatment 

In a grossly over-armed 
world there is no shortage of 
candidates. Possible cases in- 
dude nuclear testing, dis- 
cussed at Reykjavik; measures 
to prevent surprise attack; 
chemical weapons; and the 
maintenance of Salt 2 and the 
Anti-Ballistic MissOe Treaty. 

Above all, this failure of 
arms control diplomacy places 
an obligation on states not to 
place all their eggs in the 
fragile basket of new arms 
control accords. 

They need not only to 
conduct their relations in a 
cautious manner, bid also to 
construct their military poli- 
cies to be manifestly defensive, 
without benefit of the increas- 
ingly incredible alibi that they 
are arming in order to disarm. 

© Thou Newspapers, 1906. 

The author is Professor of 
International Relations at Ox- 
ford University. 



40 arrested as 

1 1 

Mafia fights 
for control of 

bridge pay-offs 

from Peter Nichols, Rome 

Forty people, allegedly be- 
longing to the Calabrian Ma-, 
fia, have been arrested after an 
investigating judge in Reggio 
Calabria issued 75 warrants at 
the weekend. 

■ The writs follow a year of 
investigations, interception of 
telephone «lk and evaluation 
of testimony supplied by Ma- 
fia members in prison, and 
refer largely to Mafia groups at 
work in Reggio Calabria. Villa 
San Giovanni, 'one of the 
terminals for ferries to Sicily, 
and Fiumara di Mura 

The court . described the re- 
sults as being "of enormous 
significance” at a time when 
organized crime in the Reggio 
Calabri a area has escalated, 
with estimates of a killing 
committed every 72 hours. 
The Mafia murder toll 
readied 81 in the province of 
Reggio Calabria, which has a 
population of less than 

The seriousness of the situa- 
tion m Calabria has been over- 
shadowed by Mafia activities 
around the mass trial in 
Palermo of accused mafiosi 

One theory explaining the 
renewed outburst of Mafia 
violence in Calabria is that 

Mafia groups are seeking to d- 
iminate each other in the fight 
to control the territory, which 

Nobel winners 

Medicine : 
prize for - . 
cell growth * 
research 5 



is shortly expected to be rich 
in payofre as a ptan t o bu ild a 
bridge across the strait to 
Sicily takes shape. 

This also explains renewed 
Mafia activity on the other 
side of the water in Messina, 
where organized crime wants 
to lay its hands on the large 
sums due to be spent on the 
construction of die bridge. 

There is a parallel aim of 
bringing the Sicilian and Cala- 
brian Mafias into a closer 
woridng relationship. 

They already collaborate in 
the drug trade, but to improve 
the prospect over a wider field 
of joint profits what is seen to 
be required is a “pax mafia”, 
which would permit a rational 
division of future spoils. 

This can only be achieved 
when one group becomes 
strong enough to establish a 
position of dominance. 

A particular speciality of the 
Calabrian Mafia is highly 
lucrative kidnappings aided 
by the mountainous terrain of 
the Aspromonie where it is 
almost impossible to find a 
captive hostage. 

The NoW prize for me*h- -■*, 
cine was awarded yesterday to ’ • 

«p American and an Italian- 
American for docoveries they 
made 30 years ago on the 7 
mechanisms which regulate - 
the growth of cells and organs 
of the body. ^ 

The results of their disco v- ' 
cries are only now being fully ^ 
understood and translated 4 ; -?» 
into new treatments for a wide' ' ... 
range of illnesses. ■*■*- 

Professor Stanley Cohen, T 
aged 63, a biochemist of the 

Vanderbilt University School 
of Medicine in Nashvilta,. ■ 
Tennessee, and Frofessor Rha-- 
Levi-Momaldni, aged 77, of." 
the Institute oPOett Biology in _■ 
Rome, were recognized for 
their discoveries of nerve"’ *" 
growth Actor and epidermal 
growth Actor. * " 

These discovenes gave 7:". 
medical scientists an in- '- , 
creased undemanding of 7 
many diseases, such as mai- - 
formations in early devtf- 7 
opmenu degenerative change* -n 
in senile dementia, delayed H 
wound healing and the growth. • 
of tumours. ■ i 

Dr Leri-Montateun, who is 
Jewish, took refuge m Flop- *7 i 
encc during the Nazi invasion • 


Iran PM in East Berlin 

Beilin — Mr Hussein 
Moussavi, the Iranian Prime 
Minister^ arrived in East Ber- 
lin yesterday for two days of 
talks on trade and inter- 
national iffnfl 
The Iranian Ambassador, 
Mr Hamid Reza Assefi, said 
trade with East Germany had 

risen from just ' over S20 
million (£13.3 million) a year 
before the Islamic revolution 
to around $200 million now 
and could expand further. 

But East German sources 
saytrade has been made more 
difficult by bottlenecks in the 
Iranian economy. 

of Italy. She moved to the US;**"* 
in 1951 as a profes s o r of 
biology at Washington Uni- ?.“* 
versity in St Louis, studying 
nerve growth. 

She showed in 1952 that .^.V 
when tumours from mice wore 
transplanted to ductal cm- ,,u 


Tambo and 
Steel meet 
in Lusaka 

bryos they induced 
growth of the embryo nervpus 

From A Correspondent 

4Ste2 5, 

f • V iU'* '// **■*. / 

• ... <?■ v , ■ /,y .5'; • •••*. /A. : 

Voice, data, text, graphics. 
This is what it takes. 

Mr David Steel, the Liberal 
Party leader, holds talks in 
Lusaka today with Mr Oliver 
Tambo, the president of the 1 
African National Congress 
(ANC). on the last leg ofhis 
southern African tour. 

Yesterday Mr Sled met Mr 
Robert Mugabe, the Prime 
Minister of Zimbabwe, in: 
Harare, before flying on to . 
Lusaka for a meeting with 
President Kaunda of Zambia, 
the chairman of the six 
frontline states* organization. 

He arrived in Zimbabwe on 
Sunday from Botswana, hav- 
ing spent the previous week in 
South Africa. 

Before flying out to Lusaka 
Mr Steel said he doubted 
whether sanctions by them- 
selves would be completely 
effective in forcing c h a n ge in 
South Africa. Collective ac- 
tions by the international 
community such as the sports 
boycott showed how progress 
could be achieved, however. 

While in South Africa Mr 
Steel met Mrs Winnie Man- 
dela, wife of Mr Nelson' 
Mandela, the imprisoned 
ANC leader, and other leading | 

• Spy ease Mr Philip Oris, 
aged 25, of Krugersdorp, 
South Africa, who is alleged to 
be a South African military 
intelligence agent, is to be 
sentenced in Harare today 
after pleading guilty to 
possessing aims of war. 

MrOvis, a former member 
of the Rhodesian Air Force 
who emigrated to South Africa 
on Zimbabwe’s independence 
m 1980, was found to have a 
parachute flare in his car when 
be was stopped and searched 
at a road block after visiting 
Zimbabwe on August 18. He 
later showed police another 
flare, a Beretta pistol and 87 
rounds of pistol ammunition 
hidden among his betonjpngs. I 

system. .4 

Since the outgrowth did not - 
require direct contact between ' *\i 
the tumour and the onbryo, m ™ m 
she concluded that the tumor • 
released a nervMrowth pro- ;*f 
(noting factor, NGF. - 

Dr Cohen joined the St T_ 
Louis researchers in 1953. 
Three years later th ey ta d V 
purified a nerve growth- 7"* 
promoting extract from a ™» 
mouse tumour which con-__ 
mined both protein and t . 
nucleid acids. Dr Cohen - 
discovered the epidermal \ 
growth Actor. 

Each prize category this., 
year is a record 2 million - 
kronor, about £200,000. Last ~ 
rear’s winners shared 1.8 mil- 
lion kronor. 

Dr Cohen, who worked ia the 
1950s with Professor Leri- ***r. 
Moataldni, (betow). 

Canberra sets sights 
on a new wages pact 

From Stephen Taylor, Sydney : 

The Australian Govern- The spirit of coacffiatfefl 
ent, seeking to negotiate a has diminished prospects that.**. 
y/ through the troubled eco- a hardening - of positions on_^i' 

merit, seeking to negotiate a 
way through the troubled eco- 
nomic dim a te and restore its 
stan di n g alter a battering in 
opinion polls, has set its sfehts 
on maintaining consensus be- 

tweoianpfoyere and employ- bottSHSir iSudtektta 

Ultimately, the risks hr-?; 


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soon become a reality 

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performance ISDN chips. 

These highly versatile integrated circuits provide 
the flexibility, reliability and modularity required for the 
advanced telecommunication networks of today and 
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Siemens technology embraces computer and 
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networks, electronic components, power engineering, 
industrial automation and medical engineering. 

res with ■ new wages pad. 

Mawoearrings dare Aug- 
ust's austerity hq Iget hare 
culminated hi statements whi- 
ch set the stage for an agree- 
ment simBar to the model of an 
accord established after Lab- 
or's 1983 election victory. 

Prospects for reaching what 
is already being called the 
“Accord Marie HT” were 
raised when Mr Simon Clean, 
president of the Aust ralian 
Council of Trade Unions 
(ACni), rename d that Us 
organization was ready to be 
more flexible than in tie past, 

so as to preserve consensus. 

Hie ACTU has said it wiD 
accept that wage increases 
need not, as in the past, be 
pritedi^ttiK consumer price 
index (CPI). It b instead 
prepared to adopt a wages 

and the union movement hare . 
forged the basis for an “Ac- . 
cord Mark nr*. • ' *■£' 

The. ahum generated by foe-" 11 ; 
wanting in May by Mr Pari — ~ - 
K ea ting , the Treasurer, that -?* 

Aastralia faced the Mare of *«■ 
banana republic unless it-:---' 
learnt to lire with in its means. — *v 
pereoaded the ACTU to - 
exa m i ne its pre viou s BoSs-r"". 
fence that die next . wage**** 
increase be folly indexed to thr:^ 
price index. ' • r 

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the UK we employ around 3000 people in Research & 
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The ACTU has said Urill *** '*"** 

K^notfas fixing system to be “freed up**. 

index (CPI). It is instead br * qnct ^ righT. 
prepared to adopt a wages cri »* s * 'I 

policy based on a twtHkred fid *" ce “ economy,, the "TV 
system inrolriag some ind- of ti*e AnstraKwa dofiar j- 
exation but also direct bar- dropped to record lows hi ■ 
g a i ni ng with empfoyas. August, severely denting the - •*! - 
The ACTTJ raritim mo PWtiMily of Mr Bob Hawke, • 
said to be conditional on new Winister ’ 

buaness investment, some- ^ 

.. , sithm is higher than at any — , * v - 

*«* MrHawke’s elec-r^; 
*»“• Mr John Howard 

an . accommodation with the more confident as Opposition . 

. muons could be reached. leader than h> oid a ynr lffc^f!' "■ 

J '-5 BlOOfitflirSyW .14. ftnniBn- w 


ss**. - -v. : 

! Pr “'S 

i cci 1 ? V 

; ® u gfou, 

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__ 1 nc IJUVU^ lUESJLJAY UUAUHEK, 14 1! 

JpJ Salvador quake toll reaches 890 


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deni Duarte said. ^ ™ esi " 

■«s by the qualSndttSli^ 

number could rise lo 300008 

available 0 '* ,nfo "™tion was 
iha‘Jr C m S l ? ve .P““«> more 

3g tai build^ofij^S 


provinces, live in 
village shacks whidfTS 
among the homes that fell 

Sa than J5? n,dessa Sai“’ 

PrcMdent Duarte said 20 
mercy fl.ghts had arrivt* 
carrying a wide variety of 
fW ncy supplies. Bui he 

said the country needed more 

tetanus vaccine, anaesthesia, 
antibiotics and analgesias. He 

(tuSKT 135 ™* 

h..!lr a ? Bovemmeot 
buildings m the capital had 
been damaged. ‘We are going 
to have to reconstruct prac- 
tically all of the city," he said. 

resident Duane asked the 
capital's 1 00,000 civil servants 

IrNh^l. to - their offices 
although he said most of the 

workers “would have prac- 
u rally nowhere to work". 

“Almost aH public buddings 
have suffered some kind of 
damage," he said. 

The Planning Ministry, next 
to the Presidential House, was 
completely destroyed by Fri- 
day's earthquake while 40 
civil servants were inside. 
Twenty people have been pull- 
ed out alive and six bodies re- 

Delhi’s foreign balancing act 

India bids Autumn chill hits 
American Pakistan relations 

are believed trapped, a girl, 
aged 6, crawled out of the 
rubble after the debris shifted 

Rescue teams from Mexico, 
Guatemala, the United States, 
Costa Rica, Japan, France and 
Switzerland — some with spe- 

rial electronic listening equip- _ 

SSSSS SSTMrMar £ Quakes felt m Japan and Sidly 

the nibble for survivors “as 
long as there are any signs of 

At the Ruben Dario Build- 
ing in the centre of town, 
where more than 350 people 

concrete, broken 
tangled steel for 

heaps of 
glass and 

TheNicaraguan Culture 
Minister, Sefior Ernesto 
Candenal, flew in with a team 

rains of a San Salvador building in which people are trapped. 

of doctors in a goodwill ges- to 8.000 temporary shelters. Local market owners raised 
hire drapite charges by Nica- Homeless residents of San food prices by as much as 30 
ragua that US-backed rebels in Jacinto, one of the capital's per cent during the weekend, 
Nicaragua were being supplied poorest districts, where entire capitalizing on the short sup- 
nom Salvadorean bases. blocks of homes have been de- plies of basic items such as 

Japan and the United States strayed, complained that relief beans, milk and tortillas, 
have sent field hospitals and workers had still not brought • BRUSSELS: The EEC has 
enough plastic sheeting for op food or blankets. put up 250 million European 

currency units in emergency 
aid for relief work in El Salva- 
dor, the EEC executive com- 
mission said yesterday. 

The money would pay for a 
British Red Cross Boeing 707 
to fly 500 tents, medicine and 
two Red Cross officials to Q 
Salvador, the executive 
commission said. 

Tokyo (AFP) - Seismo- 
graphs- detected 3w214 earth 
tremors in Japan since Friday. 
The Meteorological Agency 
reported that one of them, 
which hit at 833am yesterday 

on Ohshima Island, measured 
two on the Japanese scale of 
seven. Meanwhile, two light 
tremors were recorded yes- 
terday morning on an island 
north of Sidly. 


From Michael Hamlyn 

In an effort to give coavme- 
ing proof of India's technologi- 
cal capability to the American 
Government, Mr Caspar 
Weinberger, the US Secretary 
of Defence; was taken on a 
torn of the country's most up- 
to-date military production 
plants yesterday. 

India is anxious to show the 
US that h is sophisticated 
enough to be able to safeguard 
technological secrets, ami not 
have than leaking to their 
dose allies the Russians. 

Mr Weinberger was taken 

to Bangalore, the capital of the 
southern state of Karnataka, 
and shown over Hindustan 
Aeronautics Limited, Bharat 
Electronics Limited and the 
Aeronautical Development 
Authority (ADA). At ADA he 
was given a comprehensive 
look at India's light combat 
plane project, the first attempt 
to build an entirely Indian 
fighter, for which American 
help is now being sought. 

Ihe Indians are keen to 
acquire as much technology as 
possible, without' essentially 
shifting their foreign policy 

A final round of discussions 
will take place today, in the 
absence iff Mr Gandhi, who is 
also Defence Minister, who 
has started a four-country 
tour. Mr Weinberger wfl] then 
go to Pakistan, which is also 
anxious to buy more American 
defence expertise. 

• JAKARTA: President Su- 
harto yesterday foiled to win 
Mr Gandhi's support for ■ 
Indonesia’s bid for leadership 
of the 101-member Non- 
Aligned Movement Mr Gan- 
dhi said it was the turn of 
Latin America to host the 

i*s next summit in 

(Reuter reports). 

From Michael Hamlyn, Delhi 

Relations between India 
and Pakistan, which normally 
vary from cold lo tepid, are 
going through a -serious frost. 

Accusations and counter- 
accusations over the Karachi 
hijacking of a Pan American 
jet, over the assassination 
attempt on the Indian Prime 
Minister, Mr Rajiv Gandhi, 
and a new growth of ill-will 
over the disputed state of 
Jammu and Kashmir, are 
creating a bitter autumn chill. 

Pakistan has not exactlv 
been accused of complicity in 
the assassination attempt on 
Mr Gandhi, but it thinks it 
has, and resents it. In any case, 
Mr Gandhi made his views 
pretty dear when interviewed 
by an Australian television 
network. He told his ques- 
tioner “Incidents in Karachi 
24 hours before the attempt 
are indicative that these Sikhs 
came from there." 

He said there was a run on 
the foreign exchange markets, 
the Indian rupee fell, there 
were many phone rails, and he 
added: “We have some other 
information also that I'm not 
at liberty to disclose at this 

The Indian Government 
constantly sees the Pakistani 
hand in Punjab terrorism, and 
has a huge file of confessions 
from infiltrators caught cross- 
ing the highly porous border 
between the two neighbours, 
which implicates Pakistan in 
training and equipping them. 

The Indians are still angry 
with Pakistan over the bun- 
gling at Karachi airport which 
led to the deaths of 21 Pan 
American passengers and the 
wounding of 100 others, most 
of them either Indian citizens 
or foreigners of Indian blood. 
Despite the urging of the 
Indians, no full report on the 
hijack has yet been made 

A reference to punishment 
for the hijackers in the text of 
the Pakistani Fbreign Min- 

ister’s statement to the UN 
General Assembly was not 
included in his actual speech 
— which the Indians also 
regard as sinister. 

The Indian Consul-General 
in Karachi, Mr A flab Seth, 
and the Indian Ambassador in 
Islamabad, Mr S.K. Singh, 
have both been in Delhi this 
week, for what the Govern- 
ment calls routine consulta- 
tions, but which the media 
have described as plainly con- 
nected with the present re- 
verse in relations. 

The Indians are especially 
incensed, however, over the 
Kashmir issue. They believe 
that this problem should be 
settled bilaterally between the . 
two countries, a belief re- 
inforced by the terms of the 
Simla agreement of 1972. 

Pakistan, which entered the 
Simla agreement having lost a 
war. its eastern province and 
more than half its population, 
feels that it stands more 
chance of gaining Kashmir if a 
referendum could be held 
there under the terms of the 
United Nations resolutions 
which ended ihe first Indo- 
Pakisiani war. 

Pakistani leaders, then, of- 
ten refer to their willingness to 
settle the Kashmir issue 
“under the terms of the Simla 
agreement and United Na- 
tions resolutions", a formula 
which never fails to antago- 
nize Delhi. 

This year Mr M. K. Juncjo. 
the Pakistan Prime Minister, 
made the reference in his 
speech to the General Assem- 
bly. and the Indians were 
more than usually annoyed, as 
they had been sensitized ear- 
lier by the presence in Harare 
for the non-aligned summit of 
Mr K. H. Khurshid. a leader 
of the so-called Kashmir Lib- 
eration League. 

India's feelings are made 
more sensitive by the in- 
flamed situation in the Indian 
state itself. 

Ill) l 

Arrests and 
herald Dhaka poll 

Bangladesh is “inching to- 
wards democracy" as the 
countdown ' began lor the 
country's third presidential 
election, to be held tomorrow. 

From Ahmed Fad, Dhaka 

Awami League, and Begum 
Khaleda Zia, leader of the 
Bangladesh Nationalist Party, 
were interned in their homes 
in north Dhaka. 

But titekoppoatiogl leaders/ . Fears of raids by police 
who have campaigned for -ok rorced “ " ‘ 

vilian rule for the past four 
and a half years, have been 
arrested or forced to restrict 
their movements. 

Militant students set fire to 
about a dozen vehicles in the 
capita] yesterday, police said 
More than 90 people were 
wounded as police tear-gassed 
demonstrators hurling bombs 
near Dhaka University. At 
least three people died in 
bomb blasts during election 
rallies in Dhaka on Sunday. 

Meanwhile, President Ersh- 
ad. who is favoured to win, 
told a rally in Dhaka that he 
was seeking election to bring — — 3 . 
stability and prevent future rule," Sheikh Hasina said, 
“adventurism'' from the Police pulled down loud- 
barracks. speakers and prevented oppo- 

As he spoke to more than sition rallies in the capital 
30.000 supporters of the of- yesterday, enforcing a week- 
ficial Jatiyo Party, Sheikh old martial law ban on anti-d- 
Hasina Wazed. leader of ection campaigning 

scores of politicians, to 
go into hiding on Sunday 
night, an opposition spokes- 
man said. Newspapers re- 
ported arrests of - more than 
100 political activists, includ- 
ing students, m the capita) and 

the port city of Chittagong 
Among those detained are 
Waulana Abbas Ali, chief of 
the fundamentalist Jamaat-i- 
Islami. Police were posted 
around the residences of 
Sheikh Hasina and Begum 
Zia, both of whom threatened 
to hold rallies opposing the 

“The election is a farce and 
will only legalize military 

*9 CLaZ 1 “ “ * ■ 

Strike hits 
main port 
in Sweden 

From Christopher Mosey 

Damaging industrial action 
was stepped up by public 
sector workers in Sweden 

Gothenbmg, the country's 
main port was at a standstill 
for shipping as crane operators 
went on strike, and the unions 
also announced a national 
strike of 20,000 municipal 
workers storting on Monday. 

They will join 600,000 sate 
and municipal workers al- 
ready either on strike or 
banning overtime in support 
of a claim for pay parity with 
the private sector. 

Stockholm's underground 
was affected for the second 
Sunday in a row 
The strikes are the first real 
test for Mr Ingvar Caiisson, 
the Prime Minister, who took 
over earlier this year after the 
assassination of Mr Olof 
Palme. The industrial action 
represents a threat to Mr 
Caiissoo’s Social Democratic 
Government’s anti-inflation- 
ary policies. 

St .{s Sip 

\s P : 

, f 1 

• ni> 


Party pa 

In the second of two articles. 
Christopher Thomas reports 
from Lafayette. Louisiana* on 
the many conflicting forces 
that make the South one of the 
most intriguing, unpredictable 
questions in American politics. 

The South sits at the top of 
many statistical piles. It is the 
least urban, the poorest the 
most religious, the worst edu- 
cated, the most conservative 
(among whites), the most 
liberal (among blacks), has the 
greatest unemployment, the 
largest percentage of Mack 
people, the most tickle and 
also the most polarized voters. 

The towns are sprawling 
outwards, some with op- 
timism, others with grimy, 
inner-city wretchedness. 
Many rural areas are de- 
populating. The rich get 
richer, the poor poorer. Blacks 
think and vote Democrat, 
whites think Repabfican and 
mostly vote Democrat It is a 
region of opposites, of super- 
latives, of inconsistenries. 

Therefore nobody can be 
quite sure what the Sooth will 
do in the ami-term elections on 
November 4. In the critical 
battle for control of the Senate 
it certainly poses more threats 
to the Republicans than the 
Democrats. Of the four 
Republican- held Senate seats 
op for grabs, only one — in 
Georgia — is considered safe. 

Id Florida, North Carolina 
and Alabama the vote might 
go either way. 

The Senate has a knife-edge 
53 to 47 Republican majority, 
and the South has the power to 
take it away and denude 
President Reagan of orach of 
his power for the next two 
years. The House of Repre- 
sentatives is firmly’ *” fo* 
Democrats’ grip, and a second 
hostile chamber would be 
catastrophic for the Repub- 

The region that was once so 
thoroughly ignored by Wash- 
fsgton is today feted and 
courted and very much needed. 

Both Democrats and Repub- 
licans are in something of a 
panic about what the Sooth 
might or might not do. "The 
audience are in their seats, and 
we are the show they’re going 
to pay attention to," Mr 
Harrison Hickman, a leading 
Democratic pollster, observed. 

The muddled political scene 
in the South was farther 
confused by the Christian 
right's takeover last June — 

The changing 
face of Dixie 

after an eight-year power bat- 
tle - of the influential South- 
ern Baptist Convention. That 
will result in stronger ties 
between the Datum's largest 
Protestant denomination and 
the Republican Party. In fu- 
ture, any prospective Repub- 
lican presidential candidate 
will need to court the 15- 
miUion-member SBC. 

The right-wing takeover is a 
blow, certainly, to the Demo- 
crats. The Southern Baptists' 
steady movement to the right 
has been a key element in 
Republican election gains in 
the South. The power of tins 
and other denominations in 
Dixie cannot be under- 

They are enhancing the 
incipient black-white electoral 

polarization: while the Mack 
churches 1 continue their aBe- i 
Stance to the Democrats, the 
white-dommated churches are 
moving to the Republicans. 

Although election battles in 
the South mi longer torn on the 
issue of race, their outcomes 
may depend more and more on 
the raefol mix of the voters. 

It begs the question: Can 
blacks and wfahes share 
power, can Democrats avoid 
being the “black" party nod 
Republicans the “white" 
party? Behind that issue lies 
much of the reason for the 
instability that characterizes 
Southern politics. 

The uncertainty Is height- 
ened by the abrupt end of the 
vast exodus of Macks that 
occurred in every decade of the 
century until the 1970s. Today 
more return than leave (in 
1980 alone, the Sooth had a 
net gain of 200,000 blacks), 
and t&ay are all Democrats. 

‘ But there are other arrivals: 
middle-class whites, most of 
them Republicans. 

They are helping to change 
the fore of Southern politics, 
especially in the suburban 
rings -around the big cities: 
Atlanta, Richmond, Charlotte, 
Columbia, New Orleans. Mo- 
bile, Orlando, Memphis. Lit- 
tle Republican strongholds are 
emerging. “The demograph- 
ics," the pollster Mr WQIfom 
Hamilton observed, “aren't in 
favour of Democrats". 


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Socialists lose 
votes to left 

and the right in 
Greek polls 

From Mario Modiam* AthHB 

The ruling Greek Socialists 
are estimated to have lost at 
least one quarter of their 
voting strength in the cities to 
the opposition conservatives 
and- to the Communist Parly 
in Sunday's local dections. 

The setback, coming barely 
16 months after the same 
electorate of seven million 
people voted in the Govem- 
. ment of Mr Andreas Papan- 
dreou, the Prime Minister, for 
a second term, was described 
by the Opposition as a rebuff, 
or at best a warning for a 

change of course. 

in the country's three largest 
cities, Athens. Salonika and 
Piraeus, candidates for mayor 
backed by the conservative 
New Democracy, the main 
Opposition party. led the polls 
with just under the SO percent 
needed to elect mayors in the 
first round. 

The Socialist mayors lost 
much of their party’s vote to 
the Moscow-line Commun- 
ists, increasing the Gov- 
ernment's dependence' on the 
Communist votes if these 
candidates are to remain in 
office after next Sunday’s 
second round. 

But at what price? The 
Greek Communists have been 
pressing for the introduction 
of die system of simple 
proportional representation in 
the next general elections. It 
would increase their chances 
of power-sharing in coalition 
with the Socialists who, so far, 
insist on going it alone. 

The request was turned 
down yesterday by the Gov- 
ernment, which is taking pains 
to dissociate Sunday's voting 
from any broader political 

issues. MrRapandreou, who is 
aware that his Government's 
tough austerity measures as 
well as its effort to mend 
fences with the United States 
is losing it left-wing votes, 
said: “The results of the local 
election are a victory for local 

Mr Constantine MittotaJas, 
the New Democracy leader 
whose position within his 
party is solidified by the 
results, said: “We have the 
three main cities in our pocket 
next Sunday.” He said he 
relied' on left-wing voters, 
disgruntled by the Govern- 
ment's mishandling of the 
economy and its arrogance m 
power, to support conser- 
vative candidates or at least 
abstain, thus easing New 
Democracy’s conquest of the 
main cities. 

Only 82 of a total erf 7 303 
towns and 21 head villages 
managed to elect mayors in 
the first round. In all others 
voters must go to the polls on 
Sunday to elect a mayor from 
the two leading candidates. 
The results of the local elec- 
tions in 3,638 communes are 
still outstanding. 

In Athens. Mr Miltos Evert, 
a former New Democracy 
minister nicknamed “Bull- 
dozer”, led the poll with 44.3 
per cent of the vote against 
29.5 per cent for Mr Dimitris 
Beis, the Socialist Mayor 
whose party won 39 per cent 
of the vote in Athens last year. 

Communist Party candid- 
ates polled 17.6 per cent, 
compared with their 10 per 
cent last year, and the 
Eurocommunists attracted 3.9 
per cent of the vote. 

^ nmy^. ^ iw u. . 

Miss Melina Mercouri, the Grade Oiterc Minister, casting 
her vote in the local government ejections on Sunday, 

The Bavarian election 

SPD suffers worst 
defeat since war 

TteSodbd Democratic Par- 
ty (SPD) m Bavaria was yes- 
terday naming its w ou n ds 
after a state election in which 
it suffered Its worst detent 
since the war, while On 
Greens were eddkating their 
entry into the landtag. 

The pofioo Sunday was woo 
. by Herr Franz Josef 
Strauss, the -Bavarian Prfane 
Minister, and Us Christian 
Social Union (CSU), which 
has been ha power stece 1962. 
The CSU retained its absolute 
majority by wisHffig 554 per 
cent of the vote; a&heagb this 
was 24 per cent down on the 
1982 ejections. 

- The conservatives’ dear vic- 
tory and litt miserable perfor- 
mance of the SPD, which 
polled. only 27i per cent, a 
*drop of 44 per cent, is bring 
seen in Bon as a good omen 
for tile federal election on 
January 25. 

Hear Straass win nse tins 
weight for Us own ends in 
coaution negotiations between 
Chancellor Kohl's Christian 
Democratic Union (CPU), the 

CSU and the Free Democratic 
Party (FDP) after the federal 
poll, which they are sure they 
win win. 

The FDP in Bavaria drew 
ily 3.8 percent of the vote, ap 
__ightiy «n their 1982 result, 
bat well below the 5 per cent 
minimum n f f( h l to gam seats 
in the state assembly. This 
was their second failure in the 
state election, and Hot 

Strauss win mb federal FDP 

noses info it in Bom. 

He is said to covet tbejeb or 
Herr Hans-Dietrich Gens- 
cher, the West German Fo- 
retgu Minister for the test 12 
years, and an FDP man. 

The Greens, who 
4 j 6 per cent in 19L_ — 
the lwnDe to the Tsndtag easi- 
ly vrift 74 per cent; wh& wffl 

rive them 15 seats in the 204- 
ceat Paritement The CSU will 
have 128 seats, down five, and 
the SPD 61 seats, 10 fewer 
than ha the last assembly. 

The Greens benefited from 
an anti-ofldcar “resistance" 
vote against the MUhu off an 
atomic reprocessing pant at 
Wackeis&rf; near the Bavar- 
ian bader with Czechoslova- 
kia- Analysts said the Greens 
had robbed the SPD of many 
votes because of the nuclear 

Herr Johannes Ran, the 
SPD candidate for chancellor, 

pnt a brave face on hb party’s 

in Bavaria. “The re- 
sults will not make me alter 
my strategy for the federal 
election/’ fee said. About 82 
million Bavarians were en- 
titled to vote on Sunday, but 
the turnout of 703 per cent 
was down 7.7 per cent on 1982. 





33 , 

S.4 (+3. 

Protester ‘bombs 9 British carrier 

From Stephen Taylor 

An airborne anti-nuclear 
demonstrator “bombed" the 
aircraft carrier HMS Illus- 
trious as she sailed from 
Sydney harbour yesterday to 
join in naval war games. 

Mr Dean Jeffreys, aged 28, 
swooped over the Illustrious 
and dropped a wreath and a 
petition on its vessel’s flight 
deck, from a motorized hang 
glider. . 

He was later arrested and 
remanded in custody. 

In an television interview 
before yesterday’s flight,Mr 
Jeffreys said he intended to 
drop the wreath for “all the 
thousands of people that died 
at Hiroshima through bombs 
like the ones that are on that 
ship at the moment”. 

Tamil claim 

Delhi (AP) - Sri Lanka's 
most powerful Tamil guerrilla 
group, the Tigers, claimed 
yesterday that it had killed 28 
soldiers m a battle on Sunday. 

The Government said three 
military men and several 
guerrillas were killed in 
Adampan, north of Colombo. 

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T 23 




L aw Report October 14 198$ 

are inappropriate 

. W. nliAtui 

United Kingdom Nfr» l** * 
Barton and Others 
Central Etectridfy Generating 
Board and ^Anot her v 
Cramptoo and Others 
Before Mr Justice Henry 
[Judgment given October 13J 

Where in proceeding there 
was a dear conflict of interest 
between peraoirt Wonsing f 
associated or affiliated with an 
unincorporated association, it 
was inappropriate to sue se- 
lected individual membe rs as 
representing aB other mepbers. 

Mr Justice Henry, delivering 
a chambers judgment in open 
court in. the Queen's Bench 
Division, accordingly dtt- 
dunged ex pade interim injunc- 
tions obtained on September 1 1. 
1986 by the plaintiffs. Unwed 
Kingdom Nirex Lid and the 
Central Electricity Generating 
Board. SO named defen- 
dants sued on behalf of all other 
persons beknning to or asso- 
ciated or affiliated with the 
organizations known as 
Lincolnshire and Nottingham- 
shire Against Nuclear Dumping 
(LAND) and Humberside 
Against Nuclear Dumping 

plaintiffs sought and chained 
the ex parte ngoncirons to 

obtain entnr. 


The injunctions restrained the 
defendants, their servants or 
agents, from preventing, 
obstructing, restricting or other- 
wise interfering with entry upon 
t Station 


South — 

Airfield. Lincoln, and with any 

survey or any investigation of '".’T' ^ essential lurisdic- 

as I** 1 * 1 requirement of a tepre- 
detcrnnmng their suitability as th» •» narfif* 

The defendants were sued 
both personally and in a repns 
semativc capacity. 

The effect of a representative 
action was that each and every 
member of the aswpawws in 
question was bound by any 
order or judgment given in the 

action. , . 

Thus, all the membett were 
covered by the uacot «aw»- 
lions gpd would be liable to 
satisfy any final judgment unless 
relief were obtained under Or- 
£r 15 . 0 * 12(3) toISof the 
Rules of the Supreme Court. - 

Anxiety as to the. safety of 
nuclear energy wax wriesjaread. 
An association formed with the . 
objects of those in question 
would inevitably bc a. broad 
church. . _ . 

Many of those anxious about 
nuclear energy came from law- 
abidingand law-fearmt jcchcms 
of the community, 

test in a lesser cause 
unthinkable. Others, 
enccd protestors, were v — 
used to going to the I amts of i 
law or beyond it. 

They came together under the 
umbrella of an orgaaizatian 
fcKMf in the extreme with no 
powers to discipline or expel 
members — m em bers who were, 
nor vetted before they jouwd. 

If some members of . the 
association brake the law. ii 
should hot be too readily a*, 
sumed that teat was the policy 
of the association. 

determining their suitability 
low level radioactive reposi- 

His Lordship also released 30 
of the defendants from the ex 
parte interim injunctions ob- 
tained the defendants 


Mr Roger Htheridge. QC and 
Mr Bernard Buckley for the 
plaintiffs; Mrs Vera Baird for 
the defendan ts. 

that Nirex were responsible for 
.finding a site suitable for the 
land disposal of low level radio- 
active waste. KjUinghohne and 
Fulbeck were two of four tries 
selected for investigation. 

Local residents were qgatod 

by the proposals and 

and LAND, unincorporated 
associations, were set up, their 
objects being to prevent the 
dumping of nudear waste at the 

sites in question; tq^ ca mp a^n 

fora national policy for the; — 
storage of nudear waste; and to 
promote and support those aims 

and objectives among all 
communities within the united 
Kingdom threatened by the 
dumping of nudear waste. 

The associations resolved to 

pursue those objects by peace- 

non-violent means. 

In August 1986 Nirex -ap- 
pointed contractors to survey 
the sites. The contracts con- 

tained penalty clauses entitling 

the contractors to damages 

semativc acnoo that aU parties 
subject to the representative 
order should have the same 
interest in the proceedings. 

Some of the protestors were 
prepared to engage in tortious, 
albeit peaceful, actions (the 
obstruction of the httiwayh m 
breach of the ptem tins' right to 
enter the land. 

That was to be contrasted 
with the attitude of membera of 
the utmost respectability -who 
would not contemplate breaking 
the law in any form. 

There was a dear conflict of 
interest between the two fac- 
tions so that the essential 
requirement fora representative 
action was absent. 

Injunctions should continue 
Inst the defendants peraon- 
wj. who either arguably ob- 
structed foe contractors or who. 
after realizing that protest at the- 
sites would in the ordinary 
course of things result in such 
obstruction, continued to or- 
ganize those protests. 

A defendant was not liable 
simply by virtue of holding, 
office in the associations, or 
because he was present when the 
tort occurred. 

His Lordship emphasized 
that if anyone knowing of the 
injunctions, whether a party to 
the present proceedings or not, 
were to do or cause to be done 
those acts, forbidden by the 
injunctions, such acts would 


ocess to we h. UU.U w i»m* 


sites by 

On a number of occasions 
when the contractors attempted 
to get into foe sites, they were 
prevented from doing so by 
protestors blocking the en- 

To avoid heavy damages, foe 

ofjustice and hewoukl be liable 
to proceedings for contempt. 
The court would not allow its 
orders to be by-passed or other- 
wise thwarted. 

Solicitors: Mr C. Carr,' 
Didcot; Hodgkinson & TaHents. 
Newark and R. A. and C. P. 
HeptonstalL Goole. 

Tax pro visions to be 
widely construed 


Inland Revenue 
sioners v Brackett 
Before Mr Justice Hoffmann 
(Judgment given October 8] 

The anti-avoidance pro- 
visions of section 478 of the 
Income and Corporation Taxes 
Act 1970 relating to transferring 
income to persons abroad 
covered a wide spectrum and 
should not be narrowly con- 
strued. Special commissioners 
in finding that the provisions 
bad no application to a consul- 
tant chartered surveyor who had 
arranged for his fees to be paid 
to a Jersey company who em- 
ployed him had thereby erred in 

Mir Justice Hoffmann so held 
in the Chancery Division in 
allowing an appeal by the Crown 
from a decision of the commis- 
sioners who had discharged 
a s sess m ents to income tax on 
tiie taxpayer, Mr Frederick John 
Brackett His Lordship 
dismissed an appeal by the 
taxpayer against assessments to 
corporation tax made on him in 
the alternative under section 79 
of the Taxes Management Act 
1970 (profits from branch or 
agency) that had been upheld by 
foe commissioners. 

United Kingdom, retired in 1970 
but co n tinued to work on a 
consultancy basis. In 1974 he 
made ar r a n g ements with the 
“Sectors of a Jersey investment 
company, Drishane. the shares 
of which were held by trustees 
for foe benefit Of the taxpayer's 
femily. Thereby Drishane was 
to act as business consultam and 
to employ the taxpayer to give 
advice to customers. 

. Un tfl >979, when the taxpayer 
became 70. he was to receive no 
and thereafter such 
remuneration as the directors of 
Dnshane thought proper. The 
arrangement wax also that 
Drishane would give help to the 

taxpayer to realise assets held bv 

himso as to enable him to settle 

oebtsand to pay his way until he 

was 70. 

The Revenue were of the 
opinion that foe taxpayer while 
employed by Drishane was 
avoiding payment of income 
tax. They raised assessments on 
him for foe years from 1975 to 
1979 under- section 478 to in- 
come tax on Dri shane's income, 
under section 79 of foe Taxes 
Management Act to corporation 
txx m respect of Drishane's 
profits and under section 487 of 
foe Income and Corporation 

wereall i^foe3L^^ meni5 

sKST 8 ?* 

sioners allowed his appeal 

against the section 478 asses- 

The Crown appealed. In 1984 
the commissioners upheld the 
corporation tax assessments 
made under section 79 and 
discharged those to income tax 
made under section 487. The 
taxpayer appealed against that 
decision and the Crown cross-- 

Mr Alan Moses for the 
Crown: Mr Bracken in person. 

said that section 478 was de- 
signed to prevent income tax 

ring assets income umw 
able to non-residents and 
transferor had “power to 
such income. Subsecti 
-gave an extended meai 
“assets" and to “transfer 
The Crown's contend 
that by entering into tt 
tract of employment 
Drishane foe taxpayer b 
a led rights vested in D 
which were valuable * 

income became 

Further it was submil 
the taxpayer had “p< 
enjoy" the income by \ 
the extended meaning j 
those words in subsectir 
The commissioners 1 
accepted the Crown's ca 
held that the taxpayer's 
capacity was not an as 
the rights of Drishane * 
created by the taxpayer; 
income did not become 
to Drishane within foe i 
Of section 478. 

Each of those finding 
commissioners was wro 
tion 478 was an anti-av 
provision that was no 
narrowly construct! 
commissioners had nc 
sufficient note to tin 
Crown's argument was i 
and the appeal upheld 
Moreover, there was e 
before foe commissioi 
winch they could propc 
that Dnshane was carry 
trade in this country urj 
meaning of section 241 
1970 Act Further, the ta 
activities here constitu 
essential operations i 

_■ commissH* 
osion that foe varus 
stiluted a “branch or an 
Dnshane for foe p Jr? 
ass *ssifig him to corpora 
under section 79 offo 
Management Act was « 
That left foe secS 
assessments. The Crow 
that those fell to be disc 


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5 ?m 3 

ook like 3 sympathetic reoiv 
S cbiWr «i worried faS a 

iSg*Zr" ^ Chernobyl 
3C *“PP« » o British 
n«««r power station. 

MaiSull? ®f Lord 

Marshall s assurances seem 

neard hire make them » his 
“ extraordinary- accent The 
•statement, -Unless we have 
™ Jear Power of aU types then 
the world re heading for a 
disaster- is less self-evident 

L-S PwPje than it is to 
hnn He beoime positively 
nsible when he declared that 
be would be -very happy- | 0 
hare -a symbolic dtunp of 
unclear waste" in his garden. 

Vet the blunt way in which 
he addressed his audience of 
7°*l at least paid 

them the compliment of treat- 
ing there as ad nits. 

1 Q series Write On 
(Channel 4) the opposite ap- 
proach was adopted: adults 
were addressed as children. 

The aim of the programme was 

to persuade people to take up 
writing, in the way that a 
cookery programme might in- 
cite them to take np cooking. 
That may be praiseworthy if it 
involves telling people that to 
be a writer yon do not have to 

be deverer than the rest of the 

human race, only more 

But the elderly victims fas- 
tened upon by the young 
enthusiasts making Write On 
were hectored into th inking 
that we could all be good 
writers. “We could all produce 
lively, trouble-free work every 
time" it was asserted, if only 
we had a machine to transcribe 
ore speech. A transcript of the 
programme might red co nfi r m 
that view. -Clear writing is 
more important than correct 
writing, whatever correct 
means", one of the presenters 
had earlier said, trying — with 
heavy condescension — to 
reassure those of us who know 
no is adventurous 
of Mind people to set them- 
selves up as guides to the 
blind, but it is not kind. Like 
Lord Marshall's school child, 
they are qnte silly. 

Andrew Gimson 

A British artist’s Italian renaissance 




Galleria Nazionale 
d’Arte Moderaa. 
Rom e 

Mary Swanzy 
Pyms Gallery 


Fine Art Associates 

Would you believe that one of 
the biggest exhibitions ever 
devoted to Edward Barne- 
Jones has just opened in 
Rome's Galleria Nazionale 
d'Arte Modema (until 
November 23)? Or, for that 
matter, that the Staatsgalerie, 
Stuttgart, owning among other 
Jhmgs the whole of Burne- 
Jones's extensive cycle of 
Pfcrseus paintings, always has 
a whole room of his paintings 
on show, more by for than one 
can ever see at the Tate? Is this 
just an egregious example of 
the prophet's being without 
honour in his own country, or 
are there deeper, stranger 

Certainly there are particu- 
lar reasons why the Italians 
should be interested. Not only 
was Lhere a lot of important 
Italian influence on Burne- 
Jones. especially through bis 
discovery of Botticelli, and 
what Berenson called his "ex- 
ited angels", but Burne-Jones 
executed one of his most 
important later commissions 
for S. Paolo entro !e mura, the 
American church in Rome, 
and this exhibition includes a 
number of the sketches for the 
mosaics which make such an 
imposing show there. Burne- 
Jones was extensively written 
up in Italian art magazines of 
the period, and exerted a 
considerable influence on Ital- 
ian artists of a slightly later 
generation, such as Sartorio, 
De Carolis and Giuseppe Cel- 
lini, among others of the 
D'Annunzio circle. This 
connection is underlined by 
the show's subtitle, “From 
Pre-Raphaelitism to 

The mam reason we do not 
pay too much attention to 
Burne-Jones in this country 
nowadays (despite the major 
Hayward show in 1975) is that 

Large and tittle-known: Edward Burse Jones' The Sirens, from Sarasota, included in die Rome restrospective 

in British art he seems to 
represent something of a dead 
end. In the context of Italian 
art. on the other hand, he can 
be seen as pan of a continuing 
development: one need only 
look around the nearby sec- 
tions of the gallery's perma- 
nent display to observe bow 
the line runs from a sort of 
meticulous realism not so for 
distant from Pre-Raphaelit- 
ism. through the likes of 
Burne-Jones to full-blooded 
Symbolism, and then straight 
on for way of the more crazed 
Italian Symbolists to the 
whole modern era. 

In Britain, of course, we 
arrived at modernism by a 
very different route, leavii 
poor Burne-Jones high 

Whatever the reasons for its 
being there, the Roman show 
does make Burne-Jones look 
very impressive. Works have 
been summoned from for and 
wide, and as well as borrowing 
whole series from one source 
(like the four Pygmalion 
paintings from Birmingham), 
the organizers have brought 
together dispersed series like 
that devoted to the Sleeping 
Beauty legend, and dug up 

some of the lesser-known of 
Burne-Jones's large works, 
like The Sirens from Sarasota. 
There is also an incomparable 
range of bis original drawing 
for Kelmscon books, notably 
the Chaucer, which often 
prove — when seen separately 
— to show a more surrealistic 
cast of mind than one would 
normally attribute to this 
particular artist 

Consider, for example, the 
astonishing image for The 
House of Fame in which the 
house itself, like a wickerwork 
space station, floats casually 
past in mid-air, watched with- 
out surprise by a man and a 
gigantic eagle. It is good to see 
that the British Council is 
encouraging these unexpected 
signs of interest abroad in 
British arL Some comparable 
efforts nearer home would be 
very welcome. 

In Britain it seems left these 
days primarily to the enter- 
prise of commercial galleries 
to rediscover the forgotten or 
promote the. undervalued. 
Take the retrospective de- 
voted to Mary Swanzy (1882- 
1978). by Pyms Gallery, 
Belgravia, until October 25. 
Quite likely, even if you are 

Irish, you have never beard of 
her, even though she lived to 
nearfy a hundred and painted 
most of that time. But what 
the show reveals is by no 
means a sweet-little-Qld-lady 
kind of artist, or even a 
markedly provincial one. 

She began in the 1 900s with 
dark-toned and respectable 
portraits, but very rapidly 
discovered the glowing Fauve 
colours which enable her (a 
little shakily) to be numbered 
among the "Irish 
Impressionists'*. She studied 
in Paris, and travelled exten- 
sively from her Dublin base, 
assuming — probably early in 
the Twenties {though dating is 
difficult) — a sort of lyrical 
Cubism owing more, by the 
look of it. to Delaunay’s 
happy, circling colours than to 
the grim analytical variety. 

By the end of the Thirties, 
with the war-clouds darkening 
over Europe. Swanzy moved 
on to a darker, stranger Sym- 
bolist style, as in her power- 
fully composed Day of 
Judgmera, probably from 
about 1940. And having re- 
turned by this roundabout 
way to direct representation, 
she stuck with it to the end. 

The RXXDmilop (1894- 
1 973) retrospective ai Fine An 
.Associates. 229 Westboume 
Grove, until Friday, shows 
him to have been that rare 
bird on the tree of British an. a 
born Expressionist. He was an 
RA. famous drinker and 
rooted opponent of Munnings 
in his days as President: he 
also painted vast numbers of 
portraits and landscapes, very 
fast and sometimes not very 

But be had his own way of 
looking at things, his own 
distinctive colour-range 
(heavy on the beiges, siennas 
and umbers; little time for 
blues and greens; the odd 
heavy black outline to pull 
things dramatically together), 
and his own style of heavy 
impasto, often applied directly 
with the palette-knife. In por- 
traits he also bad some un- 
expected insights: as Mervyn 
Levy nicely observes in the 
catalogue, be was one of the 
few to realize that Edith 
Sitwell was not, as she ap- 
peared. the Red Queen, but 
deep down was still Alice. 

John Russell 


John Higgins witnesses a sensual tour de force 

A performance to 
out-thrill baseball 



Music Center, 

Los Angeles 

"In the final analysis, 
however." The Los Angeles 
Herald remarked over the 
weekend, "opera is a poor 
substitute for baseball." This 
is an arguable proposition and 
one which suggests — leaving 
aside the thought that there 
might possibly be room for 
both in the same town — that 
the Music Center Opera still 
has a little missionary’ work to 
do after its inaugural week. Or 
it could be that the Herald had 
not yet got round to seeing 

When it comes to sexiness 
opera certainly has the edge in 
Sir Peter Hall's new produc- 
tion. which marks his first 
excursion into Richard 
Strauss. It is Hall at his best, a 
triumph for which few 
qualifications need be made. 

If Wilde went to Paris and 
the French language for his 
Salome, then Hall has stepped 
straight lo fin desiix'/e Vienna 
to stage Richard Strauss's 
opera, in a brief programme 
note Hall suggiests that Salome 
heralds the world of Berg and 
Schoenberg, which indeed n 
does. John Bury's set quite 
deliberately quotes from 
Klimt, both in the crooked 
speckled doorway through 
which the Tctrarch and his 
court make ihcir entrance and 

in the series of dappled projec- 
tions. spookilv lit. which form 
the ever-changing Judean sky. 
The atmosphere created is 

that of a decadent fairy' **“ e- 
ceric and erotic. 

Scxualii\ . depraved lust and 
virtual nudity arc the corner- 
stones of Hall's conception. 



After Narraboth (another 
highly promising performance 
from the young tenor Jona- 
than Mack) has finished pant- 
ing after Salome — and indeed 
expired from it — that daugh- 
ter of Herodias is obssessed 
with the flesh of Jokanaan. He 
rises from his cistern prison, 
naked apart from what can 
only be described as a 
J oka naan-strap, with every 
inch of white flesh gleaming. 

“Kuhl wie Elfenbein” (Chill 
as ivory) is how Salome 
describes him and that is how 
Michael Devlin Mays him. 
Contrary to general practice 
the bass-baritone sounds bet- 
ter out on stage than down 
below, where there are some 
amplification problems still to 
be worked out- But it is the 
phvsicaliiy of the presence, 
with raven hair “like dusters 
ofblack grapes" and the blood 
red mouth that count. It is 
almost allowable that Salome 
should roll down the astern 
steps in ecstacy as Jokanaan 
leaves, but at this single point 
Hall perhaps plays a card too 

Herod himself - Ragnar 
Ulfiuig still in remarkably 
penetrating voice and with 
German diction which the 
whole of the rest of the cast 
could study with profit — is a 
roly-poly lecher playing Hum- 
bert Humbert to Salome’s 
Lolita. Only Herodias. indif- 
ferently sung and turned by 
M3rvelee Carriaga into a 
Hcrmione Gingold figure, lets 
down this hand-picked cast 

And so to Salome herself, 
played by Maria Ewing, aka 
Lady Hall. In dramatic terms, 
from childish inquisitiveness 
and greed through adolescent 
enticement to the final per- 
verted sexual apotheosis, this 
interpretation has rarely been 
equalled. Ewing's Salome en- 
ters a ballet dancer- a wraith 
from la Sylpfudc - she ends 
as a dramatic soprano slobber- 
ing over a bloody head before 
being turned into a meat 
sandwich between the shields 
of Herod’s guards. 

Vocally Maria Ewing is at 
her best in that opening 
encounter with Jokanaan, her 
voice, with a new girlish 
timbre, easily filling the vast 
Music Center. On the first 
night she gave a bit too much 
jn the Dance of the Seven 
Veils, ending up like Jokanaan 
almost naked with a spangled 
G-sirineand pelvis palpitating 
- all of which left her a bit 
short of stamina for pan of the 

closing scene. But better pac- 
ing will overcome this in 
future. An altogether remark- 
able intrepretation. 

Henry Lewis proved by for 
the most effective of the three 
condutors on view in this 
opening week, drawing for 
more aggressive and sensuous 
playing from the Music 
Center's opera orchestra than 
his colleagues had earlier 

Inserted between this hyp- 
notic Salome and the Otel/o 
described last week came ’a 
Butterfly using venerable sets 
from the Washington Opera. 
This was a routine evening, 
made to look all the more so 
by what stood either side. 
Chief interest centred on 
Leona Mitchell in the title 
role. Striking both in 
figureand in volume. Miss 
Mitchell made no pretense at 
geisha fragility and placed 
Butterfly right in the spinio 
repertory, turning “Un bd dT 
and the Death Scene into 
moments of , high musical, 
drama. She certainly did not 
achieve much rapport with 
her conductor. Sir Alexander 
Gibson.' who bad a bland first 
act though a rather better 
second one. 

The opera was played in a 
strange mishmash of editions, 
using the two-acl version but 
in lending Pinkerton's “Addio 
fiorito asir, which Puccini 
wrote in for Butterfly’s re- 
launch. Neil Wilson, one of 
America's new wave of tenors, 
handled this decently enough, 
but he was vocally over-parted 
by the side of Leona Mitchell 
and could not decide whether 


London Coliseum 

John Copley's English Na- 
tional Opera production of 
Aida has had a troubled career 
— to put it mildly — since its 
1979 debuL which was chiefly 
notable for some gratuitously 
nasty choreography, swiftly 
censored by a nervous 
management But this latest 
revival staged by Michael 
Hunt sets new standards of 
sloppiness and insipidity. 

The chorus ambled on like 
torpid sheep and sang with 
equal zest Rapport in the 
ensembles between the stage 
and a lacklustre orchestra was 
not good, despite the energetic 
endeavours of the Dutch 
conductor Kees Bakels (who 
picked the wrong night to 
make his ENO debut). 

Worst of all. the creaking 

Humbert Humbert and Lolita: Wapmr Utiung and Maria Ewing in Salome 

to make Pinkerton an ex- West 
Point cadet or an aspirant 
member of the Brat Pack. 

Peter Glossop, bis baritone 
sounding somewhat grainy, 
was a stodgy Sharpless. The 
staging was slackly done by 
Peter Ebert both in detail — 
Sharptess and Pinkerton 
sloshed out Cutty Sark by the 

neat tumblerful, a brand that 
was not even a gleam in 

blocks of Stefanos Lazaridis’s 
monster sets seemed unwilling 
to slide into foe positions their 
creator desired; hence a run- 
ning time 30 minutes longer 
than normal. Even if foe 
principals did manage to work 
up a little genuine Verdian 
heat, foe long delays effec- 
tively scuppered the drama. 

Lade of adequate rehearsal 
time was evident throughout; 
this looked too obviously like 
a shoestring revival to plug a 
gap. The public for Aida — 
which is. after all, the grass- 
roots opera-loving public — 
deserves better than a histori- 
cal costume parade, and so do 
the. young principals who 
worked hard to achieve cred- 
• ible performances in this 

The production's final 
emphasis on Amneris. as the 
real tragic protagonist, was 
justified by Linda Finnie's 

. \ . 

anyone’s eye at the turn of the 
century- — and in its broader 

The moral of the first week 
of Peter Hemmings’ new com- 
pany is quite dean the home- 
grown productions are much 
superior to the brought-in — or 
bought-in — ones. In the 
future there is much to look 
forward to. Placido Domingo 
bears the title of Artistic 

whole-hearted portrayal, es- 
pecially in Act IV where she 
produced some gutsy chest 
tone to match her vibrant top 

Janice Cairns, singing the 
title role for the first time, 
suffered moments of suspect 
intonation and sacrificed clear 
diction too often on the altar 
of legato tone. But her voice 
has the requisite power, and 
her acting was impassioned. 

Eduardo Aivares's service- 
able Radam£$ remains a little 
wooden in gesture and lacking 
in vocal tenderness in amo- 
rous situations, but John 
Connell’s - Ramfis grew in 
authority and vocal menace 
throughout the evening, and 
Patrick Wheatley was not 
afraid to cultivate an angry 
growl to convey Amonasro's 
wounded pride 

Richard Morrison 

Consultant and his appear- 
ances are expected to be 
regular Bohtme next season 
ami Cav & Pag the one after. 

But possibly the most entic- 
ing prospect next winter is the 
teaming of Jonathan Milter 
and one of California's most 
famous residents. David 
Hockney, in Tristan, con- 
ducted by another adopted 

Angelitto. Zubin Mehta. 

BBC Symphony/ 
Festival Hall/ 

Radio 3 ' . 

This was the most bifurcated 
programme yet in the 
BrinenfTippett Festival for 
whatever the iconoclastic vig- 
our of Britten's music in his 
20s. it has to yield in terms of 
youthful boldness to what 
Tippett was writing in his late 
sixties. But the difference is no 
doubt as much one of period 
as personality. At foe very 
banning of the 1 970s it still 
seemed possible to make 
things anew, and Tippett's 
Third Symphony celebrates a 
grand optimism that would 
have been unthinkable for 
Britten in 1936 and 1940. It 
certainly sounds a little 
strange now, too. which may 
be why the Britten works 
gained the superior 

Sir John Pritchard began 
the concert by making an 
excellent case for seeing the 
Sinfonia da Requiem as more 
a Siberian than a Mahlerian 
work. The first movement, 
practically monothematic. 
came forward with a tidal 
inevitability, and there was 
something of the same quality 
in the similarly single-minded 
“Dies irae" scherzo, though 
the brilliant textures here were 
muffled by the problems the 
orchestra experienced in turn- 
ing corners at speed. 

Tlic same problems re- 
curred in the big fast songs of 
Our Hunting Fathers, and it 
was a mistake to place such 
near and similar works in 
Britten's output together the 
romp of the “Rats” number, 
in particular, was a little 
spoiled by one's having heard 
almost the same gestures in 
that instrumental “Dies irae". 
But at least Jill Gomez was on 
hand — replacing an ill An- 
thony Rolfe Johnson - to 
illuminate Britten's line and 
even to shed some light on 
Auden's words. 

The work was of course 
intended for a soprano, and 
Miss Gomez showed how well 
adapted it is to her voice, 
though it will take a few more 
performances to dim the 
memories one has of Pears as 
suffragan bishop to the animal 

Another soprano. Faye 
Robinson, supplied the clos- 
ing blessings on the Tippett 
symphony, and did so 
marvellously: as a laureate of 
The Mask of Time, she knows 
how to marry a madrigal ian 
bound with the soulftilness of 
the blues. It was, again, foe 
orchestral detail that was 
blurred and perhaps, loo. the 
message, for Tippett's sense of 
“a huge compassionate 
power" has hardly gained in 
plausibility since the heady 
days of 1971 • 

Paul Griffiths 

Festival Hail 

This was. frankly, a bit of a 
disgrace. Of course orchestras 
have the duty to lure new 
audiences, and there is noth- 
ing wrong with presenting a 
series of popular programmes 
in order to do so. But to fob an 
unsuspecting audience off 
with the kind of shoddy 
music-making served up in 
this “Classics for Pleasure’' 
concert given by foe London 
Ph Harmonic Orchestra under 
their Associate Conductor 
Carl Davies is hardly feir 

Davies seemed to find diffi- 
culty in coping with the 
fundamentals of conducting — 
beating a steady time, ensur- 
ing confident entries, simply 
controlling the orchestra — or 
perhaps it was that he had not 
rehearsed Brahms' “St 
Anthony" variations at all. 
Every member of the LPO 
probably know this work well 
enough to play it backwards. 
Nobody actually did this. but. 
with the faster variations 
sounding so appallingly messy 
and the slower ones spoilt fo 
poor wind tuning and gro- 
tesque balance, it would 
scarcely have been worse if 
someone had. Beethoven's 
Eighth Symphony was tech- 
nically slightly belter but 
musically moribund. 

To be fair, it must have been 
difficult to get down to the 
serious stuff after the double 
bass virtuoso Gary Karr's 
cabaret spot. But Karr's patter 
evidently charmed most of the 
audience and he achieved 
some fairly flashy if 
inconsequential things. 




It was plain from this perfor- 
mance that Brahms’ Requiem 
holds a special place in foe 
affections of Richard Hickox- 
He conducted foe piece like a 
man possessed — and though 
outwardly there were the usual 
extravagant theatrical ges- 
tures. here they had an un- 
usually inspiring effect on foe 
voices and players of foe 
London Symphony Orchestra 
and Chorus. 

The choir in particular 
showed a considerable 
strength, although there were 
one or two rather obvious frail 
moments, usually when the 
tenors had to sing something 
high and exposed at a dynamic 
less than fortissimo. But the 

grim incisiveness of "Denn 
alles Fleisch", foe sweetness of 
“Wie lieblich sind deine 
Wohnungen", foe thrill of foe 
exultant fugue at foe end of 
“Denn wir ha ben hier keine 
bleibende Stau" were here 
executed with exemplary 
commitment and. where 
needed, devastating power. It 
was a magnificent charting of 
the work's progress from de- 
spair to the ultimate glory. 

The soloists, too. took their < 
parts well. Heather Harper's 
“Ihr habi nun Traurigkeit" 
was cleverly understated, an 
approach which perfectly 
suited its emotions, particu- 
larly given the gloriously shin- 
ing colours of this voice. 

The baritone, Stephen Rob- 
erts. keenly seized his own 
dramatic opportunities: his is 
a voice which seems perfectly 
scaled for this work, not big 
enough to assume over-domi- 
nance yet still aufooritiiavely 
expressive. In “Herre. lehre 
doch" he achieved a chilling 
sense of terror at the words 
“Ich hoffe auf dich". while at 
the final turning point of foe 
piece, in the penultimate 
movement when foe baritone 
unfolds St Paul's mystery of 
the Last Day. he was able in an 
instant to transform the 
mood, providing the perfect 
springboard for the great dou- 
ble fugue that follows. 

The work found foe LSO in 
excellent form too. and for 
once the hail worked to an 
extent in their favour, stress- 
ing the abundant woodwind 
and brass detail. There is 
plenty of that in Strauss's Four 
Last Songs, which Miss 
Harper sang with some 
marvellously subtle touches, 
though once or twice foe 
orchestra failed to respond, 
seemingly unwilling to play at 
foe genuine pianissimo. 

Still, it was an unusually 
moving performance even for 
this work, and it was graced, 
moreover, by lovely violin 
and horn solos. 

Stephen Pettitt 

Hermann Prey 
Wigmore Hall 

The second of Hermann 
Prey’s Schubert recitals 
was devoted to settings of 
Goethe, in whose often vital, 
if lyrical, evocations of on- 
ward movement this com- 
poser reaped many a dramatic 
musical harvest. Prey’s bari- 
tone, it has to be said, is not 
quite what it used to be. 
though once in full flight the 
voice still sounds glorious, 
secure and rich in lone. Schu- 
bert demands so many subtle 
expressive gradations foal any 
flaw in the voice is bound to 
be mercilessly exposed and at 
low dynamic levels Prey lost a 
degree of control over intona- 
tion and timbre. 

Vet he still has his innate 
musical understanding of 
these songs, and in Leonard 
Hokanson he has also foe 
benefit of a most sensitive but 
far from reticent accompanist. 

If a work as delicately ex- 
pressed as “Sehnsucht" called 
for more fine colouring and 
greater intensity than Prey was 
able to summon, foe “chase" 
songs like “Rastiose Liebe" or 
“Ertkonig" were unequivo- 
cally successful, full of terror 
and sorrow. “Meeres Stifle" a 
song sinister in a different, 
markedly less frantic manner, 
was equally chilling 

In “An die Entfemte". 
Prey’s tendency towards 
pitching flat was accompanied 
by what seemed at first to be a 
lack of momentum. But the 
performance developed into 
one of exquisite poise, a 
perfect balance to foe de- 
licious “Geheimes" which 
came before it. 





Box Office & 
Credit Cards 
01-928 2252 

STANDBY — unsold 
seats at low prices 
from 2 hours before 


by Arthur 

Wing Pinero 

giv es “w ithout 
question the FUNNIEST 
on the London stage”, 

(Q Telegraph) 

Lyttelton: Tbnight, tomor, Thur at 7.45. 
Then Oct 21 22(zn&e), 23. 


— ■*- 

- - -.J 





; .> *v . 



Technology is now so advan^Txrfeg^orid 

of finance that computers can go on dealing 

even if dealers are stuck 

in the snow. But the 

City revolution, says 

Bryan Appleyard, 

won’t do away with 
fear and greed, the 

Cri min ating emotions 

Part 2: Life in the fast lane 

F ear and greed is what 
stimulates financial mar- 
kets, according to Stani- 
slav Yassukovitch. head 
of European operations for Ameri- 
can broker Merrill Lynch. “Fear 
that you may lose your capital and 
greed if you think somebody is 
making more.” 

In Lbe old days, fear and greed 
were as prevalent as they are today 
but they had to be combined with 
patience. News travelled relatively 
slowly, giving people time to mull 
things over. But information was 
always the key - a prophylactic 
against fear and a balm for greed. 
So the technologists have been 
under pressure to produce more 
rapid data transmission systems. 

Over the past 10 years, they 
have delivered. Thanks to 
computers, every ripple and every 
murmur in every market is flashed 
virtually instantaneously to any- 
body who wants to know. And 
these are not just official state- 
ments or real events— rumours fly 
just as fast, so the yen or the dollar 

can rise or fell on the back of 
massive movements of funds 
because of whispers about a third 
world war or an oil price rise. 

As a result, decisions once made 
m weeks, then days, then hours, 
now take seconds. Yassukovitch 
points out that £4 billion worth of 
UK Government bonds can now 
be placed with buyers in hours, 
obviating the laborious task of 
sending telexes to every potential 

So. with fear and greed being fed 
by new information every second 
of the day. nobody wants to stand 

still. Certainly, nobody wants to 

get stuck with investments they 
can’t sell at a moment’s notice. 
This is what is meant by 
“liquidity” and, in part, it explains 
where all this money is coming 
from. For technology has made 

people realize the immense im- 
portance of being as _ liquid as 
possible. If you are shifting mil- 
lions, a 0.125 per cent shift m 
interest rates or a shudder in the 
currency markets can cost or make 
you a fortune, so long-term buying 
is a thing of the past. 

This in turn has led to the vast 
global explosion of the financial 
services industry. For every time 
money moves, someone takes a 
cut and that cut, minuscule in 
percentage terms, becomes bigger 
and bigger the more the market is 
“churned” by wars, rumours of 
wars and fest-talking Wall Street 
brokers. These pin-striped dandies 
in their half-mdon glasses have 
invented a 'range of financial 
“instruments" of ever-increasing 
sophistication. You can now make 
money do just about everything 
from leaping national boundaries 
in fractions of a second to string 
up and begging. 

In feet, behind all the political 
and structural changes that 
brought about the Big Bang, ilwas 
technology that was the real 
driving force. For. just as h makes 
no sense to take a taxi to 
somebody’s office to sell them a 
Eurobond when you can do it by 
computer, so nobody now needs a 
little man to run out on to the 
Stock Exchange floor to fence with 
the jobbers. 

For the small investors, technol- 
ogy should mean substantially 
easier financial dealings. It is now 
possible to program a computer to 
seek out the best deals on any 
transaction. In feet, during one 
New York snowstorm when 
commuters foiled to make fyjnto 
work, the computers continued 
operating the financial system, 
unprompted. This should mean 
you can simply walk into your 
bank and buy or sell shares via a 
computer terminal-. 


T he dealing room of 
Barclays de Zoete Wedd 
is in the “ 

anonymous bnBding on 
the of the Thames by 

London Bridge. It used to be acar 
park and BZW had to ob»m 
permission to roof over the garden 
m tlm bottom of the central amom- 
Now it is an open-plan office 01 
60,000 square feet on two lerote 
housing 600 dealing desks and, 
ultimately, 1,400 peopte- _ 

It looks like the flight deck of 
the Starship Eaterprise magniBen 
a thousandfold. Coloured com- 
parer screens gjtow with Mf , 
jeweWike intensity in the mastw 
ylopiig hanks of buttons, JUUSS 
and telephones. Everything » 
bnud new and nmch is still 
iiwti»npd ... 

Tony Bennett, BZW’s pkJIec 

relations man, boasts proudly that 

there is £l8 million worth 

jobbers Smith Brothers have 
committed themselves 

there and most pwjjf 
Skit wfll be useful for special- 
ized functions 

ofsmall deab - the British Gas 
andTSB share issues, for 

CX fi5t Pl the real 

passed into the pnmlses of 

investment banking 

BZW, the NatWest lnrosteent 

Bank, Mercury Secwritiesaad » 
on. Every concmrobte 
function will be conducted within 
Sir^alls- before the ba^tb^e 

were scattered among a maWpho 
to of small firms. 

Some of these functions mvote 

a conflict of intwesfs *, I A _ brok fJ 
fatting an order from a client would 

obrioosly benefit his firm most if 
he bought from one of *»*» ““ 

boose market makos Bat the 

Kuumwij - — ,. 

Iftrtg crestfallen when I tefl am 

that is precisely what rivals 
Kleinwort Benson have spent 
Then be turns serious when he 
talks of the £120 million spent on 
taking over brokers de Zoete & 
Bevan and jobbers Wedd 
Dmiacher and the £260 min ion at 

which tiie new operation is capital- 

ized. Finally he dams op com- 
pletely when I ask for the total bill. 

Over at NatWest they claim 
Barclays have spent £375 million 
compared with their own bill of 

Bestriding the earth, 
operating at speeds 
once undreamt of 

£311 million. They say Barclays 
paid too ranch for the “j 


in rite businesses they took over. 
Lord Camoys. bead erf BZW, jeers 
at this — “That’s because all their 

goodwill walked oat the front door 
before thi 

before they cmrid get the handcuffs 

An " 

Esther way, we can take it that 
the six big British houses commit- 
ted to this market are investing in 
the Big Bang at this sort of leveL 
These immense dealing floors are 
appearing all over the City. They 
house market makers and sales- 
men in British domestic equities 
and gilts as wcD as in international 
shares and capital markets. 

In theory, all dealings coaid go 
through these vast rooms hot, for 
the fine being, fie Stock Ex- 
change floor will continue to exist. 

rales say he' must: actinMsdfent's 

best interests and boy b®s* 

be does not and tire client suspects 
bim of not doing so. computer 
records which keep a mmnte-by- 
pi innte account of prices and 
dealings can be checked. 

In addition, the old ftmefims of 
merchant banks can conflict with 
fie broking and jobbing side. One 

part of fie bank can be advising a 

company on a takeover bid which 
would cause Mg movements m 
share prices. The theory i$ fiat 
fils Is kept from tbe^markrt 
makers by a “Chinese wall" which 
separates the corporate advisers 
from the dealers. Some say it will 
work; others say fiat if you believe 
fiat, you’ll believe anything- • 

But fie key point abont fie Big 
Bang world is fiat major banking 
corporations will bestride the 
t*rth, operating in every market 
that exists and doing so at speeds 
undreamt of by the job bos sri 
brokers or days gone by. Mems- 
wfaile, they will be watching fie 
flowers grow and the paint dry on 
their Sussex forms. 

ftn— —w» lm tw» 



Six big UK Investment groups 
have emerged from the takeovers 
of the last two years: 

NatWest Investment Bank 
(NWIB): took in brokers Fielding 
Newson-Smith and jobbers 
Bisgood Bishop and merged 
them with NatWest' s 
merchant bankers, County Bank. 
County had a reputation as a 
fast-moving upstart in the 
merchant banking world. It Is 
County's buoyant glossy and 
"thanes Vmiers and 
Cohen who have been 
brought in to do the same at 

Barclays do Zoete Wedd: 
Barclays Merchant Bank plus 
brokers de Zoete & Bevan 
and Jobbers Wedd Durfacher. 

Run bv the “charismatic” 

Lord Camoys and the rather 
more darkish OHver Slacken. 

It is very keen on the view that 
the Big Bang win benefit tiie 
small Investor. 

KMnwort Benson: the 
merchant banking group plus 

brokers Grieveson Grant 
Very oW hands in the City game. 
Lea by Michael Hawkes, less 
prone to vapid PR-statonents 
than anybody else. He takes 
an Eeyore- <ka view of the whole 
affair, but is among the 

Mercury Securities: the old 
S G Warburg merchant bank plus 
brokers Rowe & Pitman and 
jobbers Akroyd & Smithers. A trio - 
of City companies that 
cornered the market in City street 

savvy some years ago. 

Warburg retain the air of being 
the smartest of afl the old 
"accepting houses", a reputation 
which seems to run unbroken 

the bigger competition. Expert 
at takeovers. 

Midland Montagu: Midland’s 
merchant bank Samuel 


headed by chief executive 
Christopher J. Sheridan, phis 
brokers GreenweU, regarded 
as tiie best operators in the gilts 
market, aid Birmingham 
brokers Smith Keen Cutler. 
Another clearing bank-backed 
operation but with a lower profile 

so far than NatWest and 


Foreigners: the key 
Americans are Merrill Lynch — 
the biggest of all the 
stockbrokers, headed by 
Stanislav Yassukovitch and 

from the great Stagy Warburg 
town to the present 

himself down to the present 
boss. David Schotey. 

Morgan GrenfeV: the most 
blue-blooded of the merchant 
banks has taken on a smaS ‘ 
Jobber, Pfnch'm Denny, and a ’ 
broker, Pember & Boyle, and 
built up its capital base to take on 

known, along with its Wg 


_ j — S alomon 
i Sadis and Citicorp —as 
The Thundering Hard, partly 
because of its bull logo and partly 
because of the effect it has on 
the market when it makes a 
move. Japan has four big 
investment houses led by the 
giants Nomura and Daiwa. 

if your 
filing system 

goes wrong 
things will keep 
turning up in 

place wrong. 

complimentary ticket 

Admission £3 at door, without voucher 

admit 2 

Cut out voucher and exchange it for 2 commentary dekea w LBES « 

Sto J^!?ui3er^8yea« old will be admitted. 



r J!5H0Wm 


Butcher designs a clutch of accolades 

Tnsfi nt decisions count: dealers at Barclays de Zoets Webb 


Junior trade minister 

John Butcher will 

receive a rare award 

today for his work in 

promoting art and 

design in industry 

People are calling John 
Butcher the Minister for De- 
sign — though course there is 
no such thing and design 
occupies only a small part of 
Butcher's brief as Par- 
liamentary Under Secretary 
for Trade and Industry. 

Today he will receive an 
additional seal of approval 
when the Royal Society of 
Arts announces that it has 
awarded him its Bicentary 
Medal for exerting “an excep- 
tional influence in promoting 
art and design in British 
industry”. It's the first time 
the Society has given its 
annual medal, instituted in 
1954. to a minister. 

The accolade is not al- 
together unexpected for 
Butcher, the father of three 
children, a passionate sup- 
porter of Birmingham City 
Football Cub and the grand- 
son of a coal miner. 

University before doing re- 
search into guerilla warfare 
and the Nato alliance at the 

Institute of Strategic Studies. 

ears refused to be 

In 1985 fie International 
Council of Societies of Indus- 
trial Design presented fie 
Government with its highest 
award, while last June fie 
Aspen International Design 
Conference singled out Britain 
as the country to honour. 

What these tributes mark is 
the rapid switch from a nation 
turning out brilliant young 
designers with no idea of how 
to use them, to a place where 
design is seen to matter. (A 
well-designed object be ii 



2 Two hooded carriage 

5 Agreement (4) 

8 Spacious (5) 

9 Delighted (7) 

11 Trader (8) 

13 Communists (4) 

IS Betrayer (6,7) 

17 Knot (4) 

18 Unachievable (8) 

21 Overdue paymems 

22 Out-of-date (5) 

23 Current style (4) 

24 Annually (6) 


2 Secret affair <5) 

3 24^ours(3) 

4 Unintentionally (13) 

5 Rain heavily (4) 

6 Morey chests (7) 

7 Female opera star 


10 Upset (10) 

12 Animal burrow (4) 19 An in's frame (5) 

14 Central pan (4) 20 Loathe (4) 

16 Cook inadequately (?) 22 begumeseed(3) 

ACROSS: 1 Cheer 4 
Dump 13 Credentials 17 

k S Union, 9 M: 
ft >8 Astonish 21 

uee ID B: 
i! 22 



Deepens 24 Samba 

DOWN: 1 Chubby 2 Erica 3 Renegade 4Cumgranosalis . 
Gory 6 Unusual 7 Exempt 12 Rigorous 14 Refugee 15 Tn 

15 Tripod 16 

Chorea 19 Islam 20 Sare 

fridge or dipper, is one that 
works: it meets the wants, 
needs, tastes and priorities of 
those who use it) 

The moment when design 
ceased to be irrelevant pre- 
dates John Butcher’s arrival at. 
fie DTI, but it is largely due to 
his particular tenacity and 
abilities, bis colleagues say, 
that the subject is riding high. ' 

In January 1982 Mrs 
Thatcher- summoned de- 
signers. academics and indus- 
trialists to Downing Street and 
asked bow the Government 
could promote design. By the 
time Butcher took over 
responsibility for it three 
months later, the subject was a 
winner.. He was shrewd 
enough to see lhat in being 
given Mrs Thatcher’s special 
interest to champion, be was 
“the luckiest man in the 
iverament”, as he told 
tends. , , 

The nearest Butcher had 
previously got to design was 
his marriage to an art teacher, 
although he says with • a 
characteristic mixture of 
eagerness and slight sdF 
mockery that he has “worked 
very hard am! really learnt." 
He went to Birmingham 

For some years 

included m Who's Who, but 
he now confesses to a liking 
for music and satire. 

Under his auspices the De- 
sign Advisory Service Funded 
Consultancy Scheme was set 
up to loan designers to small 
and medium-sized manufac- 
turers. More than 2,500 have 
so far used it. 

A Strategy Group has been 
formed and is advising the 
Government on priority ar- 
eas. Alongside government 
support is a wave of enthu- 
siasm within education, with 
seven examination boards 
offering design-related A-lev- 
els. A new course ha de sign 
manag ement put on by three 
polytechnics is so popular that 
three more have started. 

But be handled them welL 
For six months he listened, 
then began to lei what bad 
become a personal enthusiasm 
show. His past in the com- 

After the Bang: out with the 
Harrow boys, and in 
with the barrow boys 

“Market share and 
profits can grow 
with good design 

puter business gave him an 
edge in the wider field of 
industry and he set off around 
the country, speaking to 
academics, company directors 
and engineers about how rich 
Britain was in designers, and 
how abysm afly their talents 
were being squandered. 

Alas, the battle is far from 
won. Those convinced are 


delighted, but converts pro 
“"3, for the 

- Good Schools Gmde 
Charterhouse (Good Schools 
Guide. Spectrum, October 7) 
docs offer computer studies but 
Chinese is no longer on the 
curriculum: farm and forestry 
work is not compulsory: and the 
school employs six female 
teachers. The fees at Fort Regis 
Preparatory School, Motcombe 
Park. Dorset are £1.575. not 
£l.7S7 as stated on October 40. 

slow to follow. In 1983 
first time since the industrial 
Revolution. Britain imported 
more manufactured goods 
than she exported. For their 
music centres, their scissors 
and their cookers, the British 
■still go abroad. 

Manufacturers need to take 
on designers as an integral part 
of their company structure 
and not as a cosmetic. As John 
Butcher says: “A new genera- 
tion of managers is folly aware 
of the way good design 
management will increase 
market share and profits.” 

Caroline Moorehead 



If you’re travelling First or Execu- 
tive Class with us during the autumn, 
you’ll qualify for a free BT phonecard. 

Before you £Ly just pop your 
business card into one of the recep- 
tacles provided at the airport and 
you’ll receive your phonecard by 
return of post. 

You could use it next time to let 
someone know you’re on your way 
Its the only way you’ll reach your 
destination ahead of us. 






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Just two of the fabulous furs 
taking centre stage in the Furs On Ice spectaculai 
1986 show of the world's finest furs. 

A shots- set and choreographed in a winter 
wonderland of snow and ice. Exclusively presented 
six times daily here in Harrods Central Hall 
17th October until 7th November 
So, come. Be enchanted. Be tempted 
Fur will seldom be so irresistible. 

Canadian Dark Female Mink Coat £2,995 
Canadian Dark Female Mink Jacket £1,495 

Available at these prices only until 8th November 1986. 
Fur Rooms. First Floor Personal shoppers only 

$ 'W 

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I 1I.73T mwKa'on oinmtt 


LONDON FASHION by Suzy Menkes 

- 8 wa V to wispy chiffon, veiled breasts and swirling skirts as femininity returns to British runways in the sp ring raiiwri nm 





Gasps of surprise greeted the 
Princess of Wales and her 
bare nape at the British 
Fashion Banquet last Friday. 
Designers, who included 
award-winning Jasper 
Conran, in strangulating wing 
collar, and Zandra Rhodes, in 
yellow bead embroidery 
against her shocking pink 
hair, admired Diana's Bruce 
Oldfield off-the-shoulder 
gown. Bruce teds me that he 
originally designed the 
Renaissance-inspired gown 
with a mink trim, to persuade 
clients that there is fashion 
life after the Dynasty shoulder 
pads. Our fashion-conscious 
princess has been quick to 
follow the trend away from 
padded shoulders. But any 
idea that she is blazing a royal 
trail was dispelled when Di- 
ana sat down to dinner in the 
Fishmongers' Hall, beneath a 
portrait of the young Queen 
Victoria who appeared to be 
wearing the identical style - 
give or take a Garter ribbon 
and without Diana's matching 
velvet pumps and favourite 
clutch bag. 



the Medieval look, pale young 
innocents windowing 
renaissance curls over marble- 
white front gathered dress 

MUIR STUDIO (right): 
abbreviated lines, short 
tailored jacket and cropped 
pyjama shaped trousers in 
dusty pinks and pale blues 

KATHARINE HAMNETT (above left): brief fines for naughty schoolgirls. JASPER CONRAN (top left): revival of the flirty skirt, puffball shapes, abbreviated midriff jackets. 
ALISTAIR BLAIR (centre): frankly feminine new look, Grace Kefly skirt swirling from a tiny waist RIFAT OZBEK (top right): embroidered jacket with sun, moon and stars 

T he frankly feminine 
has had a bad fash- 
ion press in the femi- 
nist era. Bui the new 
British collections 
inspire once-despised adjec- 
tives: pretty, dainty, delicate, 
graceful and soft. 

Short skirts are skating cir- 
cles. gently gathered or puff- 
balls of luile: longer ones faff 
in swiris or pleats. Shorts are 
wide and waisted and trousers 
arc soft pyjamas. Favoured 
colours are powder pink and 
blue, and embroidery is the 
latest decoration. 

The renaissance of feminin- 
ity means that the female 
breasts, shrouded for so long 

under over-sized dothes, are 
back in fashion. They are now 
veiled only in whispy chiffon 
or caressed in silk. 

This gentle mood is more 
than a search for fashion 
novelty. It expresses an inter- 
national fashion feeling that 
women have come to the end 
of presenting themselves as 
surrogate men with unnatu- 
rally broadened shoulders or 
as brazen sex objects in figure- 
hugging clothes. 

The most interesting collec- 
tion in London was by John 
Galliano, who drew his in- 
spiration from the medieval 
era. when women were the 
objects of courtly love. 

Galliano's show, in tune with 
Romeo Gigli in Milan, opened 
with a young innocent noth 
tendrils of hair trailing over a 
transparent black and white 
chiffon blouse above a high- 
' waisted long skirt It suggested 
both a new fashion focus on 
the raised waist and the new. 

Galliano draws from other 
eras and cultures, including 
the Edwardian sailor collar. 
He used exquisite colours 
from ancient Greece: aegean 
blue, sunbaked terracotta, ol- 
ive green and marble white. 
John Galliano's strongest 
suit is his cutting, which was 
refined this season to produce 

Tall, Short, large? 

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simple T-shirt dresses with a 
square medieval neckline and 
wrap skirts. 

The 1950s, that other era of 
die frankly feminine, was the 
inspiration for both Jasper 
Conran and Alistair Blair. 
Conran's show was the more 
punchy, because he has the wit 
to poke fun at his own fashion 
message. His two strong looks 
were the short skirt, under a 
cropped, tailored jacket and 
the full mid-calf skirt below a 
halter top. The short skirts 
looked most convincing at 
night in ruffles of satin and 
chiffon and in bell-shaped 
ottoman silk. 

Do modem women want to 
look like ladies again? That is 
the question posed by 
Alaistair Blair’s totally pro- 
fessional collection — let down 
by a lighting failure and the 
fact that his heavyweight over- 
seas buyers deserted him for 
dinner with the Princess of 
Wales before he produced his 
piece de resistance: Britannia 
decked out in whisps of snow- 
white mile and carrying a 
trident and shield fashioned 
out of chrysanthemums. 

S he was an odd image 
to choose, for Scots- 
bora Alistair Blair, 
trained in Paris with 
Karl Lagerfeld, should 
know that English women, 
their husbands and their 
horses, are frightened of bright 
orange with hot pink, tomato 
red. black and grass green, 
used in graphic bands of 
colour. But they will like his 
gentle New Look dresses, with 
their swingy skirts set on a hip 
basque below a confirmed 

Katharine Hamnett in- 
jected life into the London 
scene with a sexually provoc- 
ative collection of her sig- 
nature denims (now in powder 
pink) and a neo 1960s theme. 
Her naughty schoolgirls in 
brief navy gy m knickers, her 
pedal pusher pants with 
cropped tops and empire line 
white piqu£ dresses, were 
post-war fashions interpreted 
for the posi-Pill era. 

Jean Muir produced some 
eccentric colours in her main 
collection. The discrete Miss 1 

Muir, who favours navy blue, 
introduced a violent shade of 
lime, used with purple, a 
shrieking pimento red and a 
purple, yellow and tomato red 
plaid. There were plenty of 
other clothes to choose from 
in a long show that included a 
peerless ran®: of ribbed cash- 
mere sweaters made with boat 
necks and belted over kicky 
mid-calf skirts. 

I n subtle dusty pinks, pale 
blues and daffodil yel- 
low. and with interesting 
jewellery and accessories, 
the most inventive day 
dresses in town came from the 
Jean Muir Studio collection, 
to which Muir's apprentice 
designers make an important 

Betty Jackson and Wendy 
Dagworthy, both part of 
London's new wave, were 
playing safe this season, al- - 
though Jackson had a good 
short, swingy dirndl skirt that 
we saw in all too many fabrics, 
longer swirling skirts, sweet 
romper suit shorts and Span- 
ish toledo embroideries. 
These have all emerged as 
London fashion themes. 
Dagworthy’s models smiled a 
lou in spite of their gypsy 
head-scarves which gave a 
messy look to some crisp 
clothes including soft pyjama 
suits in coal black piped with 
white and mid-calf knife- 
pleated skirts, graceful in 
white with a scalloped hem 
and tray doth threadwork. 

This has been a low-key 
season for prims, one of the 
British creative strengths that 
was shown at its best in 
English Eccentric's stunning 
Medusa print and strong 
Klimt-inspired knits. The sis- 
ter design team of Helen and 
J udy Littman have an intellec- 
tual approach to fashion, 
researching Freud, the Vienna 
Secessionists and Venice to 
produce a. sometimes over- 
elaborate but very interesting 
collection of tiered and lay- 
ered skirts. John Rocha's var- 
ied and cleverly cut jackets, in 
two few interesting fabrics, 
would have looked stronger 
on the stands at Olympia than 
on the catwalk. 

Rifat Oibck pursued a 

Photographs by 
Harry Kerr 

Hot blossoms 

I hear that Noel Minett and 
David Jones, who stage man- 
aged the cascades and trails of \ 
copper-coloured flowers at the 
Fashion Banquet, have be- 
come the hottest floral ticket 
in town. Ever since Nod ami 
David did the magnificent 
sweet-scented blooms for the 
post-nuptials private party af- 
ter Andrew and Sarah's wed- 
ding, aristo party-givers have 
been queuing at the the flower 
arrangers' humble Fulham 

No kydding 

The star of Katharine 
Hamnett’s party to launch her 
newly-opened hangar of a 
shop at Brampton Cross was 
not Sarah -Jane, lead singer 
.of the Communards, belting 
out Don't Leave Me This Way : 

It was Susie Kydd, Hamnett's 
new busty model, about to be 
given star status in Levi's 
new 501 campaign. 

1930s English lady in rustling 
puffball tiers and delicately 
patterned fair isle 

Turkish Delight theme that 
was witty at night for shapely 
jackets and short skirts in 
exotic purple velvet and 
strong by day for a jellabaT- 
shirt dress with casbah 
buttoning and flaring skirt. 
Bruce Oldfield stayed with bis 
glamorous image, but in- 
troduced puffballs of tulle and 
bubbles of chiffon, to create 
1930s English ladies. 

The rest of tire collections 
were feminine, predictable 
and sometimes very pretty. 
Roland Klein had pleasing 
proportions for his long and 
Ian go ro us pleated skirts worn 
with elongated vests and he 
used Spanish embroidery sub- 
tly on safari dresses. 

Murray Arbeid excels at 
serious embroidery, superb in 
silver on midnight blue chif- 
fon. again with puffball or 
longer tulle skirts. Caroline 
Charles had the best con- 
ventional silk prims in town 
for her vivid silk afternoon 
dresses and debutante delight 
pastel satins at night. Yuki is 
master of the feminine drape 
and the elegant pleau and this 
season used lovely colours 
from coral through to oyster. 
Zandra Rhodes followed an 
Egyptian theme. 

The renaissance of London 
as a fashion capital depends 
on its young designers, who 
cleaned' up their act this 
season and produced sharp 
professional shows, but lost a 
little of their ebullience on the 

Next week: the 
Paris collections 



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Copping out 

A rare example of public blood- 
letting among ourboys in blue is 
not. after alL to take place at the 
Oxford Union. Undergraduates 
were to have been treated to the 
sight of the former chief constable 
of Devon and Cornwall. John 
Alderson. and the West Midlands 
police chief. Geoffrey Dear, at 
loggerheads on the issue that the 
police are losing public con- 
fidence. Thai, at least, was what 
Alderson thought. When a letter of 
confirmation came from the Ox- 
ford Union president. Angus 
McCullough, it said the motion 
would be that the police do not 
"'deserve" public confidence. 
Alderson hastily withdrew, insist- 
ing the wording was "too blunt 
and too strong". McCullough, 
however, can still call on the 
alliance of Ludovic Kennedy and 
Lord Gifford. 

Number crunch 

Liberals at the London HQ will 
i if i 

have to sharpen their wits if they 
want to win the Knowsley North 
seat, just vacated by ' Militant- 
harassed Labour MP Robert 
Kilroy-Silk. Tony Greaves, former 
general secretary of the Associ- 
ation of Liberal Councillors, 
wanted to go to Liverpool the 
other day to see how the campaign 
was progressing. He repons a 
conversation with the HQ tele- 
phone operator thus: “Hello, this 
is Tony Greaves. Can you give me 
a number for Knowsley North?" 
“Who?", came the reply. “Knows- 
ley North — you have heard of it?" 
"No, can you spell it for me, 
please." Exasperated, he hung upi 
and gave Liverpool a miss. 





‘Em not surprised they Tailed. 
Hadn't either read Ibsen?' 


Lunches were gobbled, and flights 
over the Morecambe Bay gas field 
cancelled, during Peter Walker's 
opening of a British Gas ex- 
hibition in Altrincham yesterday. 
The reason: the hour-late arrival 
of a train from London specially 
chartered to carry 130 business- 
men to the pre-privatization 
beano. I can't wail till they try 
privatizing British Rail. 

• I an puzzled by the inclusion of 
cricket umpire Dicky Bird in The 
Seven Ages* the Radio Two series 
starting tomorrow, celebrating 
celebrities in or near their seven- 
ties. Bird is 53 not out. 

Michael Binyon explains why the summit ended in stalemate 

The Prime Minister's obsession 
with privatization has found a 
new target: the Central Office of 
Information. 1 understand that the 
Treasury has circulated a 
confidential memorandum to 
Whitehall departments instructing 
them that from next April they 
may quietly drop its services. 
While ministries must still use the 
COl for advertising, they may in 
future invite tenders from private 
firms for films, videos, exhibitions 
and publications, which could 
total about £19 million. Could 
this be the beginning of the end for 
Britain's own Ministry of Truth — 
sometime training school for the 
film-making talents of John Grier- 
son. father of British film docu- 
mentary, John Betjeman, and 
Peter Greenaway, director of The 
Draughtsman 's Contract ? 
Dismissing such suspicions, the 
COI tells me it is “too early” to 
talk even of job cuts among the 
900 staff 


Patrick Leigh Fermor’s publisher 
came to the aid of two elderly fans 
who feared that waiting a couple 
of months for his book Between 
the Woods and the Water, which 
comes out on Thursday, might 
mean they would miss it al- 
together. It sent them proofs — and 
at the same lime saved them 
£13.95 each. 

Yes, Mandarin 

I hope the Queen finds time to 
watch some Oiinese television. A' 
recent day's schedule includes 
such treats as the cartoon Afimi 
the Waif, a series. Road of a Long 
March: a comedy. The Genera- 
tions of Liu Quiaocr. and Hygiene 
and Health: fixing deformities . 

Leg pull? 

A recent meeting at Conway Hall 
in London drew the attention of 
Special Branch, who warned Hol- 
bom Police that it could attract 
“skinheads and members of the 
National Front". This month’s 
Police magazine describes how a 
constable watched in disbelief as a 
van was unloaded of its cargo of 
Lady Penelope and Troy Tempest 
puppets, it was in fact a meeting of 
the Gerry Anderson - rather than 
the Gem’ Adams — Appreciation 
Soaety- pjjg 


The Reykjavik summit began to 
go wrong at the end of the final 
scheduled session on Sunday 
morning. Until then President 
Reagan was confident that he had 
achieved a major arms control 
deal. But he forgot that the 
Russians are chess players who 
plot a strategy long ahead and save 
their derisive moves for the end. 

With his sudden insistence on 
limiting strategic defence, Mikhail 
Gorbachov caught President 
Reagan in a corner take it or leave 
it. he would lose either way. If 
Reagan rejected the package, "Star 
Wars" would be seen by much of 
the world as the stumbling block 
to agreement on intermediate 
range weapons, strategic arms 
reductions, nuclear testing, hu- 
man rights and regional conflicts. 
If he accepted the limitations, his 
visionary defence shield was 
imprisoned forever in a laboratory 
— and his vaunted insistence that 
SDI was not a bargaining chip 
would be shown to be hollow. 

Almost against their will, the 
Americans were drawn into the 
dilemma by the initial Soviet 
willingness to make rapid progress 
on the whole range of issues. In the 
all-night session on Saturday, the 
arms group settled more than the 
negotiators at Geneva had in years 
of deadlocked talks: a freeze on 
short-range intermediate weap- 
ons, the scrapping of all long-range 
intermediate weapons in Europe, 
and much more. 

It was in the strategic arms 
reduction talks (Start) that Star 
Wars first surfaced on Saturday. 
The Russians had made their 
objections to SDI clear from the 
outset, but it was Marshal Sergei 
Akhromeyev, Chief of the General 
Staff and head of the Soviet team 
of arms, experts, who began to 
make the link. 

Moscow would not go ahead on 
the Start understanding unless the 
US agreed not to withdraw from 



Outplayed in 
the Reykjavik 
chess match 

development and testing to be 
limited to the laboratory. This. 
Reagan thought, would effectively 
kill the programme. He was not 
prepa r ed to accept it. But the 
Russians insisted: "The whole 
package or nothing at all”. 

US mistake, it is dear ha hind- 
sight, was not recognizing that it 
was the Russians who were mak- 
ing virtually all the concessions in 
the other fields. 

Reagan, though certainly dis- 
appointed, is unlikely to be hurt at 
home, though his image abroad. 
: left in Bril 

the Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) 

treaty — which effectively 
space-based weapons — for 10 
years. By Sunday. Gorbachov had 
made this condition explicit. 

Reagan and his advisers re- 
defined their proposal, and agreed 
to five-year compliance if the 
Russians reduced their missiles at 
the agreed rate, followed by a 
further five years, so that by 1996 
both sides would have eliminated 
all ballistic missiles. 

The Americans felt trapped. As 
George Shultz, the Secretary of 
State, said, it was the "vigorous 
presence" of SDI that had made 
the negotiations possible in the 
first place. If it was removed, what 
guarantee was there that the rest of 
the package would be im- 

It did not see the political 
difficulty for Gorbachov to take 
back an agreement that gave the 
Russians no satisfaction on their 
big worry. SDL in return for all the 
concessions on Start and Inter- 
mediate Nuclear Force cots. 

especially on the left in Britain and 
Western Europe, will be severely 

Back at the table, the Russians 
still balked. Gorbachov would not. 
yield on SDL He wanted research. 

Although the Americans insist 
they will be back at Geneva, there 
is dearly not going to be a 
Washington summit now, or any 
movement in the negotiations. 
Things will not simply pick up 
where Reykjavik left off, despite 
brave-faced US hopes for continu- 
ing “constructive relations". The 

Even in regional conflicts and 
human rights, issues that barely 
got a hearing, the US put the onus 
for concessions on the Russians. ' 
The political fall-out in the US 
of the failure will be mixecLThe 
biggest blow is to Shultz, architect 
ofthe meeting. He looked drained 
and shattered as he announced the 
sombre resultHis tell-tale strong 
profession of loyalty to "my 
President" — always a sign of 
sharp disagreement — conceals an 


“It is useless to speak about the 
past." So says Yitzhak Shamir to 
fend off questions about his 
undercover past and about his 
largely silent relationship with 
Shimon Peres over the past 25 

He is 71 next month, but those 
close to him say he has been 
gening livelier and perkier by the 
hour as the time has approached 
for him to take over as prime 
minister from Peres, leader of the 
Labour dement in the present 
coalition. After the Knesset for- 
mally appoints him. no one will be 
surprised if he nms up to the 
rostrum to make his policy speech. 

It will, he told me last week, be a 
very different speech from the one 
Peres gave in summing up the 
achievements of his time as prime 
minister. “What Mr Peres said 
about the past is not interesting 
now," he said. “I don’t agree with 
what he said, but that is sot 
important. What is important now 
is the future." 

Shamir is the leader ofthe Herat 
faction, whose ultra-Zionist poli- 
cies are strongly at odds with 
Peres's ideas about dealing with 
the Arabs. He says he spent much 
of the past 25 months “gritting my 
teeth” at some of the decisions he 
had to accept under Peres. Now be 
has his chance to plot the future. 
The fixed smile he wore for 
photographers is a real one now 
and he has already written off 
Peres as yesterday's man, even 
though he continues in the govern- 
ment as vice-premier. 

Back in 1 946 it was Shamir who 
was known as “Yesreraitsky" to 
British intelligence when he was 
arrested, disguised as a rabbi, as a 
leader of the notorious Stern 
Gang. His real name was Itzhak 
Yczemitsky. and he was described 
in “wanted" posters as very short, 
heavily built, sallow-skinned, 
brown-haired and brown-eyed 
with thick eyebrows, large ears 
and an unkempt appearance. 

A Polish law student, he bad 
migrated to the Holy Land in 1935 
and. at the end of the war. became 
a leader of the gang that special- 

Ian Murray talks to Yitzhak Shamir as he 

prepares to take oyer as Israeli premier 

today’s man 
all over again 

conference. “We appreciate very 
much the involvement of the 
United States, which has the 
advantage of dose relations with 
Israel and with many Arab coun- 
tries. but an international con- 
ference is a Soviet invention, a 
vehicle to enter the political and 
diplomatic process of the Middle 

ized in daring and ruthless attacks 
aimed at forcing the British out of 
Palestine. The Foreign Office 
described him as “among the most 
fanatical terrorist leaders ... it is 
considered that imprisonment or 
detention is the only satisfactory 
means of preventing them from 
planning and carrying out further 

Since those days Shamir has 
justified the gang's assassinations, 
which shocked and appalled a 
Britain that had just wagsd a six- 
year war against Nazi Germany. 
“There are those who say that to 
attack an army camp is guerrilla 
warfare, but to kill one man is 
terrorism. I don't agree. Our 
method was morally better. A 
soldier is not personally involved. 
He just obeys orders. Ail the men 
we hit were personally interested 
in succeeding against us.” 

Shamir's official government 
biography says he “kept out ofthe 
public limelight" after Israel be- 
came a state: “From 1955 to 1965 
he served in a senior civil service 
post. From 1965 to 1970 he 
managed various business con- 
cerns.” In fact for a decade he was 
an important and successful agent 
with Mossad. Israel's secret ser- 
vice. His quick brain, his more or 
less fluent command of six lan- 
guages and his singleness of 
purpose made him invaluable, 
and he was glad to be out of the 
public eye. 

During this time he changed his 

name to “Shamir", which in 
Hebrew means flint, diamond or 
thistle, or in some senses dill as in 
pickle. He took to wearing smart 
suits, though with short-sleeved 
shirts and no tie. The bushy 
eyebrows remained, along with a 
carefully clipped moustache. . 

In 1970, at the age of 55, he 
decided to emerge into the day- 
light and to join the Herat 
movement of Menachem Begin. 
He was almost immediately 
elected to its executive. In 1 973 be 
entered the Knesset and was 
chosen as its speaker in 1 977. That 
made him a respected public 
figure, and in 1980 be was the 
natural choice as foreign minister. 

As the most senior government 
member, relatively untainted by 
the invasion of Lebanon, be 
succeeded Begin as prime minister 
in 1983. The drawn election the 
following year forced him to 
accept two years more as foreign 
minister while Peres had his turn • 
at running the country. Now 
Shamir is back in charge. 

“There will be no basic change 
of policy," he told me. “Not in the 
economy, in social issues or in 
relations with our Arab neigh- 
bours. But there are some dif- 
ferences of emphasis.” The main 
aim of foreign policy was to get 
peace with the Arab neighbours, 
“mainly by direct negotiations". 

But he was already erasing any 
commitment Peres may have 
given to an international peace 

"They have no relations with 
us. Their position on Soviet Jewry 
is very negative. Therefore, until 
they change their position, we will 
not agree to their involvement.’' 
Moscow, he said, wanted to 
impose solutions in the same way 
as the United Nations. "Israel 
exists now only because it did not 
accept the UN."Shamir does not 
even like the idea of some kind of 
international forum powerless to 
do any more than advise or help 
negotiations because the limita- 
tions on it might be removed. 

He sees no hope of peace with 
Syria beyond an uneasy stand-off 
maintained by a strong Israeli 
army. “I hope we will be able to. 
deter. We don’t want to have war, 
even if it is victorious. We want 

Beyond the quest for peace, 
which will remain the concern of 
Peres as well Shamir is promising 
lax reform, less bureaucracy and. 
greater help for independent busi- 
ness and industry. He repeats this 
parrot-fashion, with little real 
conviction, (ike a man who has 
learnt a distasteful script well. He 
dearly relies on Pe res to go on 
controlling wage demands to help 
him reduce inflation and control 
the economy. . 

He definitely does not accept 
that he will be under any pressure 
from his own right wing to build 
more Israeli settlements in the. 
occupied territories: “The only 
pressure I know is the pressure of 
my conscience." 

The government “is my copy- 
right” he boasts. “It will survive. I 
am not sure that we will not have 
another national ‘ unity govern- 
ment after this one, because the 
people like it." 

Three years ago. in a small, pea- 
green flat near Regent's Parte, I 
listened to two cassettes. They 
lasted a total of 35 minutes after 
which their owner came through 
from an adjoining room and 
switched his recorder off. “The 
best thing you can do is forget 
everything”, he coughed, leaning 
against a chest. “This room. This 
afternoon. Me." 

Accepting £50 in notes, he 
handed over a fistful of visiting 
cards, for others in similar need. 

In it for kicks, for 
all but himself 

Sobranie led me by the nose to its 
oval cousins, Sullivan and Powell, 
whom I indulged, for a while, 
about three times a day. Soon, 
however, and imperceptibly, three 
became 20. Then 40. Then 60. 

“Incidentally, how many did you 
‘ ” tressed. He 

smoke ?" “ Sixty", 1 coni 
coughed once more, raised two 
eyes like pennies and opened his 
door. “I hope I never see you 

In syphilis and nicotine. Colum- 
bus brought back two gifts from 
the New World of which, on 
balance, the latter was probably 
the more dangerous. Hicotiana 
tahacum was named after France's 
ambassador to Portugal Jean 
Nicot. who described tobacco as a 
Holy Plant and recommended it 
to Catherine de Medici as both a 
dentrifice and emetic 
In my first experience of smok- 
ing. trying to capture the aroma of 
my grandfather's pipe. I learnt that 
the taste of tobacco, like that of 
fresh ground coffee, is nothing like 
its smell. Having been sick on 
Malvern mixture and turned green 
bv Three Nuns. I persevered and 
finally stuck with Balkan 
Sobranie. In this lay my undoing. 

It is a common tale how a habit 
which gathered steam as a post- 
prandial pleasure became^ an 
addiction. From celebrating the 
end ofa meal it wasa short puff to 
celebrating the completion of an 
essay — and a shorter puff still to 
celebrate both the writing and the 
preparing of iL Within five years, 
.every minute of the day was 
accounted for in the delicious 
paraphernalia of tearing fresh 
wrappers, looking for a lighter, an 
ashtray, a tobacconist. No matter 
that when one smiled, it was to 
reveal a tantalising row of black 
teeth or that when one dressed it 
was in clothes full of yellow- 
fringed holes. 

I was 26 when it dawned on me 
that if 1 continued to smoke three 
packets a day (by now they were 
Players — I couldn't taste Turkish, 
so why pay more) 1 might not 
reach 30. Because I could not cut 
down by even a single cigarette, it 
would have to be all or nothing. 

So it was that 1 made an 
appointment by telephone with a 
gruff hypnotherapist who, accord- 
ing to a friend, enjoyed a 90 per 
cent success rate. Sucking deeply 
on my last stub. I walked into the 
large mansion block. “I imagine 
you'll be after Mr . . . ?" the hall 
porter asked, unsolicited. 

Mr turned out to be a 

small, elderly man who walked in 
a hunched shuffle and peered 
disinterestedly through thick spec- 
tacles. He had a moulting mous- 
tache and spoke with a hoarse 
gurgle. “Give me your cigarettes" 
he said. "And your lighter." 1 gave 
him the packet of 1 9 but declined 
to hand over my engraved silver 
lighter. A look of disappointment 
came and went. In silence he 
ushered me into a red chesterfield 
chair, turned on a cassette re- 
corder and sliding shut the door, 
disappeared into a small room. 
Within seconds, there came the 
unmistakeable sound of someone 
lighting up. 

Meanwhile, the tape had 
started. It was a crackled recording 
ofa talk he had given to a girl with 
bronchitis. Sensibly it did not 
dwell on the dangers of smoking. 

but of addiction. “Nicotine is the 
most addictive and poisonous 
drug in the world. Once it has got 
into your body, it stays for ever. 
You may give up smoking fin- 
twenty years, but after one puff it 
will only take four days before you 
are back on your original quota.” 
This message, accompanied by 
much bronchial cou ghing , was 
reinforced by the coughs now 
coming from the next room. 

For the next tape, I wore dark 
glasses. He lay me down on the 
couch, removed my shoes and 
reminded me that hypnotism was 
relaxation. "The subconscious ac- 
counts for 70 per cent of the 
mind's activities. When you began 
smoking, it was a conscious act If 
I can relax you and speak to the 
subconscious, it will then inform 
the conscious mind.” Beginning 
with the neck, and graduating to 
the toes, the voice relaxed my 
whole body and then repeated this 
appealing logic. To the tape’s end, 
I was totally conscious. 

After paying him, be warned 
that it would take ten days for the 
habit to dismantle. He had an- 
other tape if ! put on too much 
weight With that he closed the 
door on roe. I have not smoked 
since: nor do I mind others 
smoking. But occasionally I think 
of an elderly man furiously mak- 
ing his way through a packet of 
Players to the sound of- his own 
voice droning in the next room. 

J.T. Winkler 

NHS spur for 

the spurious 


anguish that those such as Henry 
Kissinger, who had warned 
against a hastily-pr epare d summit, 
and Richard Perie, the hawkish 
Assistant Secretary of Defence, 
have been proved right at least for 

In Congress, those opposed to 
arms control will be more vig- 
orous in their opposition; the 
right on the other hand, will 
applaud Reagan and try to dis- 
suade him from ever travelling 
down the road of compromise 

The two latest instruments 
goading the NHS into greater 
efficiency are called “Individual 
Performance Review and Per- 
formance- Related Pay • That 

means setting targets for the 
service's 800-odd general man- 
•gers and rewarding them if they 
meet die goals. 

Put like thai the idea sounds 
very sensible. Why not reward 
achievement with pay bonuses. 
Leu Peach, the new chief exec- 
utive of the NHS Management 
Board, formerly of IBM, says the 
new measures “mirror the sort of 
scheme you get in blue chip 
companies in the private sector. 

But this is to ignore evidence 
from many organizations, private 
as well as public, on how managers 
respond to pressure from above. 

following year. 

• Inefficient performance: fo 
addition to seeking low targets, 
managers win overestimate the 
resources needed to accomplish 
any objective on which they ate 
assessed. Far from ensuring 
greater "efficiency", the new Sys- 
tem builds in a tendency towards 
the excessive use of resources. 

• Restricted performance: One of 
the benefits claimed for the new 
system is that it will give managers 
clear objectives and hence the 
“security" of knowing the criteria 
by which they are judged. So h 
will. But the obverse is also true. 
They will know the criteria on 
which they will not be assessed, 
the areas of the health service 
which they can safely ignore: 

Spurious performance: In ro- 

Experience suggests the scheme sponse to the new control system, 
-- ft- — inefficient and sub- managers may exert extra effort to 

The US team left Iceland de- 
jected and bitter. Even the 
accompanying journalists sensed 
the mood.“!t's like going borne 
after losing die match,” said one. 
“Especially when you’ve been 
defeated by an own go al." 

Another big loser is Iceland. Not 
only will Reykjavik be forever 
associated with failure, and the 
hoped-for “spirit of Iceland” 
prove a chimera, but the disillu- 
sion with the whole process of 
summitry puts paid to Iceland's 
hope for having been the catalyst 
to a turning point in history. 

The reputedly haunted Hoftii 
House, will be haunted by the 
failure, if not by an actual ghost 

will encourage memciem ana suu- 
o primal performance, with much 
secrecy and fiddling. 

“Performance measurement in 
the NHS began in 1983. with all 
health districts compared on 70 
indicators of performance in four 
areas of work. Last year the figure 
had risen to 500 covering eight 
areas. Now four new tasks have 
been added. For all general man- 
agers, the health authorities shall; 

• Set targets for annual improve- 
ments in the district's perfor- 
mance. What these targets should 
cover, or the number, is not 

• Define success as achieving 
these targets. Absolute improve- 
ments in the service will not 
suffice, no matter how significant. 

• Assess individuals on the basis 
of these organizational achieve- 
ments or failures. Managers will 
then be ranked into five bands of 

• Attach sanctions to these re- 
sults: rewards or punishments as 
appropriate. Immediately, that 
means giving substantial annual 
bonuses or witholding even nor- 
mal inflation adjustments. But in 
the longer term, contract renewal, 
promotion and even pensions 
depend on the year's balance 
between performance and objec- 
tives. Bonuses will be paid only to 
general managers. No one else will 
benefit from the district's im- 
proved performance. 

It won’t work. The new system 
incorporates all the essential 
ingredients of Soviet manage- 
ment; and Soviet planning shows 
us how managers respond to such 
a control system. The short-term 
consequences may be grouped 
under four headings: 

• Low performance: When 
“success” (and bonus) depends on 
performance exceeding target, 
then even the dullest NHS man- 
ager will soon realize that there are 
two ways to “succeed" — either 
raise your performance or lower 
your target. Managers will have a 
positive interest in negotiating low 
targets, easy to achieve. Similarly, 
they will have an interest in not 
revealing the true performance 
potential of their organization. 
They wiB keep some capacity 
hidden in reserve, so that when 
something unexpected goes 
wrong, they can still meet their 
target (and win their bonus). 

And when they do “succeed", 
they will be careful not to succeed 
too grandly. Exceeding your target 
by too much gives the game away, 
lire boss would simply ratchet the 
objectives sharply upwards in the 

short in the long term by makingit 
t for 

more difficult for new people to 
join; (2) institutes crash pro- 
grammes. funded by shifting re- 
sources from other parts of the 
service; (3) provides quick but 
partial treatments; (4) provides 
less sophisticated or lower quality 
treatments; and (5) transfers pa- 
tients to another hospital or health 

Clever general managers win 
sniff out these moves immedi- 
ately. The not-so-dever will re- 
quire two or three years of 
"Individual Performance Rev- 
iew”. By 199a all will be at it 

Then the advanced techniques 
of the really sophisticated prac- 
titioners will come into play, ploys 
like intentionally setting impos- 
sible objectives, reporting next 
year's performance this year, 
retrospectively reducing targets, 
devising multiple weighted in- 
dicators. simulataneously enforc- 
ing contradictory objectives and 
organizing collusion between the 
assessors and the assessed. Many 
imaginative variations lie ahead. 

The leaders of our health service 
are not ignoble when they seek to 
“clarify objectives, measure per- 
formance and reward achieve- 
ment". They are just naive. There 
is still time to learn from experi- 
ence. before we pay out too many 
bonuses for cheating. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

The ultimate in 

personal touch 

I sometimes receive letters, as I 
am sure you do, which are phrased 
so personally that they could only 
have been done by computer. 
They tend to go like this. 

Dear Mr Kington. 

'Have you ever considered the 
advantages of becoming a sub- 
scriber to International Business 
Digest, Mr Kington? A much- 
travelled executive like yourself, 
Mr Kington, has to be in touch 
constantly with the latest develop- 
ments in the business world, 
doesn’t he, Mr Kington? So we 
invite you to... And so on. 

You get the idea. Slipping your 
sable (in the 

name in as often as possil x ... ^ 

same way that insurance people 
always call you by your Christian 
name as soon as they meet you) is 
meant to make you, feel that this 
letter is really, personally, exclu- 
sively for you. 

But I have encountered a new 
and rather sinister development of 
tiiis idea. I got a letter the other 
day that went like thi$_ 

Dear Mr Kington. 

H?v e you ever considered, Mr 
Kington, what would happen to 
you if you' did not become a 
subscriber to International Busi- 
ness Digest? Do you realize, for 
example, that we are aware ofthe 
severe financial difficulties you 
underwent in the late 1970s and 
tite rather doubtful, not to say 

year’s subscription to Inter-, 
national Business Digest , I got on 
to the PR firm handling this 
unusual campaign, and found it 
was being ran by none other titan 
my old friend Adrian Wardour- 

He was a bit shamefaced when 
be found I had received what, on 
the face of it, seemed an attempt at 
blackmail “Sony you got one of 
those letters, old boy. They aren't 
meant to have gone out yet Must 
have slipped through the net Did 
you take out a sub, by the way?” 

I confessed that 1 bad- only 
through sheer curiosity, of course, 
although in fact the tetter had 
described my life with remarkable 

“Well of course it does, old boy. 
That s the point.” 

Were all the tetters different. 

8?* 311 based on an 

Utsod Welles interview I once saw 
when he said he had worked as a 
fortune-teller in his youth. Welles 
. said that if you asked someone if 
neiuda small scar on the knee or 
leg from a childhood accident, he 
always looked startled at your 
clairvoyance and said yes. The fact 
was, though, that almost everyone 
did have such a scar. The same 
was true of childhood pets, 

dishonest, methods you used to °* childhood pets, 

get out of them? We are also aware ^vounte toy* kept late in life, and 
_of the unusual strain which your 50 0IL 

marriage went through shortly 
afterwards, and of the names and 
addresses of some of the people 
you were seeing just then, Mr 
Kington, when you should have 
been seeing your wife. Nor arc we 
unaware of the strange behaviour 
you have indulged in at several 

“Weil, we thought that the same 
pnnciple might be applied to a 
threatening letter. We did profiles 
oabuMnessmen and found that 
S/ta bad had some 
198 °* most of them 

~r_ ~ most ot mem 

were guilty about marriages and so 

l ^ iere to the composition 
Ol Inc letter urat i4.;mv « 

Nicholas Shakespeare 

If you wish none of this to 
appear in International Business 
Digest, we suggest you take out a 
subscription at the full rate. As- 
soon as posable. Mr Kington. 

. Yours, etc. 
rausin&fonly to take out a foil 

'iHJuigeu m at several «u* rrom mere to the com do 
bu5jnes5wnferences,Mr Kington, of the letter was child's play; 

, i consider this m be a <4r— 
fill new low m the standards ofthe 
PR game, and I advise my readers 
to ignore completely any such 
letter they may receive. I have 

also, 1 may say, cancelled my 
subscription to International Bust- 
ness Digest. -■■ ■ 

j I (.'flora - » umiii 

|' ZI.7J7 raiuicca w ^u. ' ' — - 





do an improved job in an efficient 
manner. But they may also simu- 
late performance. They may 
manipulate the indicators of suc- 
cess rather than improve the real 
underlying performance. In effect, 
they may cheat.Consider two 

First, take that enduring NHS 
favourite, average bed stay length 
as a measure of efficiency. The 
instrumental manager could ach- 
ieve “success" in terms of this 
indicator by ensuring that the 
district: ( 1 ) admits many easy 
cases for short stays, people who 
would not otherwise have been 
hospitalized at all; (2) excludes, or 
keeps on the waiting list, the 
difficult long-stay cases; (3) dis- 
charges patients early, whether 
community care facilities are 
available or not: and (4) admits 
the same patients for multiple 
short stays. 

Or take the trendy target ofthe 
moment, reducing waiting lists. 
The cunning manager might en- 
sure that the district: (1) redefines 
“need" to exclude less serious 
cases, reducing the list in the 
short-term by removing some who 
are already on it, and keeping it 

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remained true to AtMfS? rS ,l ! 0n f set b V Mr 
Buih on a pretence the S?5? ci, ? v for Progress at 

javik meeting founriMw** 6 ^" Reykjavik was the remraci- 
“he real,;® &£*£ S°°~* U - nited States * 


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* ” 

r* •* 

by - Mr Gorbachov 

(namely president Reagan’s 
renunciation of his Strategic 
Defence Initiative) and the 
one firm position held bv 
President Reagan (viz. the 
retention of his vision of 
strategic defence) were in- 

.. Thcyalways were incompat- 
f P 1 ? Pretence derived 
from the belief; encouraged bv 
the Soviet side at every turn, 
that the summit would con- 
centrate on everything but 
strategic defence. Up to the 
last hour of unscheduled talks, 
the West was promised a 
■“historic” offer of “deep” cuts 
in strategic nuclear missiles. 
We were promised the 
possibility of agreement on 
intermediate- range missiles in 
Europe, And we were prom- 
ised the possibility of a limited 
ban on nuclear testing. The 
tantalizing vision of a safer 
world was conjured up in 
blatant breaking of the news 
“blackout” — only to evapo- 
rate as the cold statements of 
failure were read out. 

Given that the nuclear 
stockpiles of both superpowers 
represent the ability to destroy 
each other many times over, 
even cuts of 50 per cent cannot 
provide that ultimate safety. 
“Deep cuts” coupled with 
even a “leaky” strategic de- 
fence would actually give both 
sides greater security. So the 
Soviet package offered a strate- 
gic illusion. But it was mas- 
terly public relations on the 
part of the Soviet leader and 
his America experts. 

The United States stood to 
lose at every stage. If President 
Reagan and his advisers had 
eschewed the opportunity pre- 
sented by Reykjavik, they 
would have been condemned 
by many in the United States 
and Western Europe for their 
apparent lack of interest in 
talking to the Russians. If they 
went part of the way in the 
negotiations, as they appar- 
ently did, they would come 
within an ace of a truly historic 
agreement: for the Soviet side • 
did indeed have much to offer. 

But when the US side 
baulked at going the full 
distance, which would have 
meant aborting the Strategic 
Defence Initiative in the earli- 
est stages of its life, the trap 
was sprung. Either the Krem- 
lin secured the end of SDI or 
the whole deal was off. And in 
that case the breakdown of the 
non-summit at Reykjavik 
could be blamed on the in- 
transigence of one man: Presi- 
dent Reagan, whose new 
interest in peace-making 
would thereby be exposed to 
all as a deceit So much 
progress, so nearly within our 
grasp, the world sighed on 
Sunday night 

But the world's response, 
aggravated by the naivete of 

the Strategic Defence Initia- 
tive, as it had been at Geneva, 
then the offers reportedly 
made by the Soviet side had no 

If the Soviet side knew, as it 
must have known, that the 
concept of SDI was not for 
bargaining, then its much- 
vaunted “deep" cuts in missile 
numbers; its statements about 
progress on “regional issues” 
- the euphemism for such 
diverse troublespots in East- 
West relations as Afghanistan, 
Cambodia and. the Middle 
East — and even on human 
rights, or what the Soviet side 
prefers to call “humanitarian 
issues”, were so many fklse 

Yet if the Soviet version is 
accepted, as it no doubt will be 
in many quarters in Western 
Europe and in the United 
States, President Reagan will 
be blamed for what may 
become a new period of frigid- 
ity in superpower relations. 
He will criticised by right- 
wingers to explain why he 
went to Reykjavik in the first 
place, having agreed with 
Gorbachov to meet next in 
Washington. And he will be 
criticised from the other ride 
of the political spectrum for 
not making the one concession 
that could have saved the 

But this ignores the feet that 
President Reagan did make 
concessions. The agreement to 
reduce numbers of strategic 
and medium-range missiles 
was as much a concession for 
the United States as it was for 
the Soviet Union. And on SDI, 
he offered to extend the delay 
before any means- of strategic 
defence' were deployed from 
seven and a half to ten years. 
What President Reagan re- 
fused to do was to compromise 
US security — tuid, it should 
not be forgotten, the security 
of the Western alliance — for 
the sake of appearing to be a 
man of reason and peace. 

For the time being, Mr 
Gorbachov has won the propa- 
ganda battle of Reykjavik. He 
has emerged with, his peace- 
maker’s reputation intact. And 
he has reversed the defeat he 
suffered at Geneva eleven 
months ago when he returned 
to Moscow with an agreement 
to go to Washington but 
without a concession on SDL 
The Washington summit is 
now off the agenda. 

The Soviet leader has also 
gained a breathing space for 
his domestic programme. For 
all his initiatives to rein in the 
black economy, curb al- 
coholism and inspire the. 
Soviet work force to higher 
productivity, the Soviet 
growth rate .this year is not as 
high as it needs to be to reach 
Gorbachov's ambitious tar- 
gets. The cold winter of isola- 
tion the Soviet Union now 
feces can now be blamed on 



Birmingham has rarely caught 
the public imagination as 
Britain's second city. France 
has its Lyons, Spain its Barce- 
lona. Russia its Leningrad and 
Italy its Milan. But this coun- 
try has...? 

Manchester, Liverpool, 
Glasgow have each in their 
way presented to a curious 
world a coarse-grained picture 
of industrial Britain — honest 
and foil of character beneath 
its layer of 19th century grit 
Birmingham by contrast has 
represented not so much an 
image of the national land- 
scape as a blot on it — famous 
only for its cooling towers and 
.Aston Villa, its rows of red- 
brick terraces and several 
generations of Chamberlains. 

It is an unpromising rite on 
which to build a new Jeru- 
salem. But the city is trying at 
least to build a new Bir- 
mingham and it deserves na- 
tional and regional 
encouragement. Poorly en- 
dowed with parks, with build- 
ings of great architectural 
distinction and, more recently, 
with jobs, Birmingham is try- 
ing to make the best of what it 
has - and so for with some 
modest success. 

It stands, for instance, in the 
heartland of Britain's motor 
industry, such as it is. and at 
the junction of the country's 
motorway system. It embraces 
the National Exhibition 
Centre, which already accom- 
modates the national motor 
show and is now being dou- 
bled in size to vie for Inter- 
nationa! recognition. A£l05m 
conventional complex is being 
planned for the city centre. 

Equipped with an urban 
road network which has partly 
driven people underground, 
the city has pioneered For- 
mula-3 racing on the ringway 
which, though not perhaps to 
everyone’s taste, reflects an 
admirable spirit of 
entrepreneurialism. Earlier 
this month the “city of a 
thousand trades” became a 
clean-air metropolis, the larg- 
est smokeless zone in Britain. 
This week it was disclosed that 
the city council is trying to 
make it the first place in the 
country where the pubs re- 
main open all day — an. 
initiative which has more to 
do with its new image of 
internationalism than any un- 
due thirst for alcohol. 

The Music Advisory Panel 
of the Arts Council has re- 
sponded to all this by propos- 
ing to transform the City of 
Birmingham orchestra into 
one of the great orchestras of 
the world, thus capitalizing on 
another local asset This would 
mean an infusion of additional 
cash — though from where 
remains unclear. Later this 
week the rest of the world has 
its chance to show similar 
recognition of what Bir- 
mingham is doing when the 
International Olympics 
Committee makes known its 
choice of venue for the 1992 

Few outside Birmingham 
expect that the city will win it 
Its proposal, built round the 
exhibition centre (for indoor 
sports) and a new secure 
stadium for athletics, is am- 
bitious and has won many 
friends. It has propelled Bir- 

mingham into second place 
behind Barcelona in what is 
largely now seen as a two- 
runners race. If Birmingham 
does not win . the city can rest . 
assured that it has made a 
brave try. It has put down a 
marker for future consid- 
eration — perhaps for the 
Games of 1 996. 

More than that however, it 
has helped to put Birmingham 
on the map at home as well as. 
abroad, whatever the result on 
Friday. That in itself will have 
made the effort worthwhile, 
not just for Birmingham but 
for Britain. The Midlands 
needs a capital a burgeoning 
metropolis to provide a focal 
point for commercial and 
cultural expansion during 
difficult times for the region. 

Few areas have suffered 
worse as the , country's great 
manufacturing industries have 
expired. Few cities are now 
fighting more vigorously to 
replace them with new service 
trades. Even Birmingham’s 
once famous football clubs 
have been passing through one 
of their darker hours, while not 
far away in Wolverhampton 
the national game is looking 
even worse. No Beatles have 
sprung to feme amid the dark 
Satanic mills while the local 
contribution to folk culture. 
Crossroads, has always come a 
poor second to Coronation 

Endowed with this dwin- 
dling inheritance. Birmingham 
has set an example in self-help 
which should win official ap- 
proval in Mrs Thatcher's Brit- 
ain. We wish them success on 
Friday. If this comes, it will be 
richly deserved. 


Labour and the threat of war 

"certain circles” in the United 
States and President Reagan in 
particular. Mr Gorbachov has 
also won for -himself the 
opportunity to recommence 
nuclear testing. 

In the longer-term, however, 
the balance of Reykjavik is less 
certain. Preliminary soundings 
from the United States suggest 
that the abortive encounter 
with the Soviet leader has lost 
President Reagan little of his 
popular support, for his image 
thrives on the impression of 
strength. The Strategic De- 
fence -Initiative, while not 
especially popular with Con- 
gress, which may have to fund 
it, is the sort of grand, idealis- 
tic scheme many Americans 
can support so long as it seems 
scientifically feasible. So while 
the President may have lost 
some support in Congress 
(though how much the mid- 
term elections will show) by 
going to Reykjavik, he showed 
he was prepared to do business 
with the Soviet leader, and be 
did not give way. 

For Mr Gorbachov too the 
future is less certain. If he 
decides, as the Soviet military 
might wish him to do, to 
respond to the deadlock at 
Reykjavik by openly embark- 
ing on a Soviet version of SDL 
then some of the funds ear- 
marked for improving living 
standards will be channelled to 
the military. But Mr 
Gorbhchov has raised expecta- 
tions just enough to make 
early disillusionment dan- 
gerous. The risk of Polish-style 
discontent has worried the 
Kremlin sufficiently in the 
past for it to have been 
discussed as the highest level 

But it is in Western Europe 
that the spurious failure at 
Reykjavik holds the greatest 
risks. For it here where the 
image of Reagan as war- 
monger is most deeply en- 
trenched and here where the 
greatest prejudices against 
strategic defence hold sway. 
But it is important to keep a 
sense of proportion. The Reyk- 
javik summit was not a sched- 
uled summit inthe jirst place, 
and should be seen as an 
adjunct, not an essential, to the 
rebuilding of the superpower 

Moreoever, the two super- 
powers are still talking to each 
other, which is more than they 
were doing two years ago, and 
there is no personal animosity 
between their leaders. Then 
again there was progress in 
some areas which are just as 
important for the Western 
alliance, and for Western 
Europe in particular, as SDL 
human rights, regional issues, 
strategic range and medium- 
range missiles in Europe. These 
issues provide an opportunity 
for progress in the East-West 
relationshipas a whole "which 
could be build on, should the 
Soviet side modify its position 
on SDI. For the intransigence 
at Reykjavik was not in Presi- 
dent Reagan’s camp, but in the 
camp of Mr Gorbachov. 

From Vice-Admirat Sir James 

Sir. May 1 suggest that the most 
dangerous aspect of Mr Kinnoek's 
defence policy is that part m which 
he requires not only the with- 
drawal of American nuclear bases 
from Britain, but goes on to 
declare that in .no circumstances 
does he want Nato's nuclear 
weapons used on our behalf. All 
this in the context of a world in 
which the Soviet Union retains a 
nuclear arsenal and significant 
superiority in many conventional 

Such a policy shows an 
astonishing lack of understanding 
of the nature of the Nato alliance, 
and incidentally no other member 
has adopted such a stance. The 
basis of the Nato treaty is in 
Article 5, which states that an 
attack on any one member shall be 
considered an attack on all mem- 

In other words, if any part of 
Nato in Europe orm N America is 
attacked, then we are all in it 
together. In that situation the 
Alliance is not going u> tolerate a 
non-nuclear Britain having a veto 
on the possible use of audear 
weapons, if required for an effec- 
tive defence of the Alliance as a 

If Britain tries to adopt that 
position the logical outcome is the 
expulsion of Britain from Nato 
(much to the delight of the hard 
left): or, perhaps more likely, the 
withdrawal of die US from the 
defence of Europe and the break 
up of an arrangement which has 
kept the peace in Europe for forty 
years. In any event. Mr Kura ode's 
policy is not compatible with Nato 

Mr Healey knows all this per- 
fectly well, but prefers to bluster - 
his way out of admitting it Much 
more importantly, Mr Kinnock 
appears to neither know nor 
understand the basic facts of how 
Nato works. He tells us that he 
does not wish his country to die 
for him. If he has his way, it seems 
much more likely that his country 
will die because of him. 

Yours faithfully, 


Trevorrick Farm, 

St Issey, 

Wadebridge, Cornwall. 

October 6. 

From Mr Alan Dent 
Sir, Your front page report (Octo- 
ber 6) of Service chiefs’ reaction to 

the Labour Party's defence policy 
does not surprise. Service chiefs 
are where they are because they 
have accepted the theory of deter- 
rence and can hardly be expected 
to engage in on-theepot apostasy. 

Dr John Gilbert, Labour's for- 
mer Defence Minister, is a dif- 
ferent matter, however. His 
notion that implementation of 
Labour's policy would leave us 
open to naked audear blackmail 
belongs in the “dungeons and 
dragons” school of international 
relations. It is only tenable if the 
Soviets are viewed as evil mon- 
sters devoid of conscience, unable 
to learn from events and incapable 
of anticipating tire consequences 
of their actions. 

Not even unreconstructed Bol- 
sheviks can relish the prospect of 
hosts of Chernobyl-like ' clouds 
swilling over Europe. Dr Gilbert's 
perspective, that of imputing Rus- 
sian bad faith in all possible 
circumstances is the very reason 
why an act of Western good faith 
is so necessary. 

It may be clear to Dr Gilbert 
(and to the Service chiefs) that the 
West has no aggressive interest, 
but why should it be dear to the 
Russians? From their point of 
view, our nuclear weapons must 
look distinctly like a threat and 
past examples of American adven- 
turism cannot provide much re- 

To suggest that, once no longer 
nuclear-armed, we would find the 
Russians demanding our sub- 
mission on pain of nuclear attack 
is laughably infantile. It is the 
response of a mind locked into the 
single-track mode of thought (or 
non-thought) which sees the Rus- 
■ sian bombas bad and the Western 
bombas good. Such a Manichaean 
view is what the Labour Party's 
policy seeks to change; for the real 
threat to all our lives is not the 
Russians but the bomb itself. 

As General Rogers put it only 
last week: “The menace we face in 
Europe is not the threat of war — 
the Soviets are just too smart for 
that.” They are too smart for 
nuclear blackmail too. Peace and 
nuclear disarmament are in the 
interests of the strained Soviet 
economy. They want desperately 
to survive. So should we. 



29 Connaught Road, 


Preston. Lancashire. 

October 7. 

Nuclear safety 

From Mr B. H. Parker, 

Sir. Your editorial on “Nuclear 
ambiguity” (October 2) is critical 
of the “tide of fear, under- 
standably rising after Chernobyl”. 
Quite so, but we should beware of 
mindlessly flooding to the defence 
of nuclear power; that is equally a 
form of panic 

The accident at Chernobyl and 
the earlier one at Three Mile 
Island have convinced most peo- 
ple that reactors are less safe than 
hithertotdaimed. The question is 
whether they are unacceptably so. 

As a one-time reactor physicist, 
I have followed the events -at 
Chernobyl and Three Mile Island 
with a great deal of interest. 
Despite Three Mile Island being 
only a near miss compared with 
the Russian accident, there are 

important parallels to be drawn 
from them. 

It appears that both reactor 
accidents arose through their op- 
erators carrying out unauthorised 
procedures which resulted in a 
rapid increase of power. In each 
case, also, this would have been 
automatically brought under con- 
trol had not safety protection been 
interfered with, the reactor designs 
allowing such interference. 

We now have to ask whether the 
two accidents invalidate the safety 
studies that have been widely 
quoted to assure us that the risk of 
a “maximum credible accident” in 
this country is so small as to be 

Yours sincerely, 


Britannia Royal Naval College, 
Dartmouth, Devon. 

Waiting lists 

From Dr John Fry 

Sir, The prominence given to the 

waiting times for admission to 

hospitals is welcome if it leads to 


However, there is another wait- 
ing list that causes much anxiety 
and inconvenience to patients and 
their family doctors. That is 
waiting for an out-patient appoint- 
ment to see a consultant 
The latest list of waiting times 
jrour local hospital (Beckenham) , 
is 30 weeks for ophthalmology, 10 ' 
to 13 weeks for ear, nose and 
throat, nine weeks for general 
surgery, nine weeks for ortho- 
paedics and rheumatology, eight 
weeks for gynaecology, three to 
four weeks for mental health and 
one to five weeks for general 
rnedicinefTbe different rates are 
for two consultants). 

It is embarrassing and wrong for 
a referring doctor to have to 
explain that the NH5 appoint- 
ment will be so long but the same 
consultant will be able to see the 
patient within a week or so. 

Yours sincerely, 


138 Croydon Road, 

Beckenham. Kent. 

October 9. 

Shell-Mex House 

From Mrs Josephine Milton 

Sir, The Thirties Society has 
fought hard to save Sbell-Mex 
House on the Embankment. But 
this building, designed by my late 
husband and described recently by 
the Architect’s Journal as one of 
the best-loved of the 1 930s, is not 
listed and the local authority. 
Westminster, has passed plans for 
alterations to its familiar facade 
overlooking the Thames. Its 
classical, finely balanced front in 
Portland stone is to suffer the 
indignity of conspicuous bronze 
projections at a high level to 
facilitate viewing arrangements. 

Shell-Mex House, which sur- 
vived the Strand bombing in 1944. 
has been a welcoming sight to 
those crossing the bridge to Char- 
ing Cross or by Waterloo Bridge to 
Aldwyeh. since 1931. It is amazing 
to find that it has not been granted 
statutory protection by English 
Heritage. As things stand, in law 
its demolition could start af any 

Yours feithfulJy. 



1 9 Higbcroft Gardens, NW J I. 
October 7. 

Share deals muddle 

From Mr P. Jefferson Smith 
Sin The article by your City Editor 
on October 6, entitled “VAT on 
share deals muddle”, dealt with a 
ruling that we gave on the applica- 
tion of VAT law to dual capacity 
companies and described it as “an 
unexpected spanner in the City’s 
preparations for the Big Bat®". 

The ruling was, in feet, given m 
June and it followed a meeting 
with the Stock Exchange in which 
the issues were aired at some 
length. All that happened Iasi 
week was that the Stock Exchange 
sent to us for agreement - which 
subject to some drafting amend- 
ments. we gave — a note fot 
circulation to their members on 
the VAT implications of the “Big 

Yours faithfully, 


VAT Administration). 

Board Room. 

HM Customs and Excise. 

King's Beam House. 

Mark. Lane. EC3. 

October 8. 

Out of sight 

From Mr S. A. Cotton 
Sir. If we must wear name labels, 
let it be not on one lapel or the 
other (October 9) but like a 
footballer's number, on the back. 
Then those of us who are short- 
sighted can examine it as closely as 
we wish without being rode, and 
in front reserve our attention for 
the stranger's face - always more 
interesting than his name. 

„Your$ faithfully, 


28 Sauncey Avenue. 

Harpenden. Hertfordshire. 

In common currency 

From Mr Donald Upton 
Sir. Symbols for major currency 
units placed before the figure were 
certainly used as long ago as 
republican Rome: HSaXX, 30 
sesterces, representing about a 
month's wages in Judaea in AD 

Yours truly. 


2 The Square. 

Braughing. Hertfordshire. 

October 4. - 

Counting cost 
of enterprise 

. From Mr John Parfitt 
Sir. In April this year the company 
I had worked for for nearly 17 
years made me redundant I 
mounted the bicycle prescribed 
for me by the chairman of my own 
party and obtained employment 
ISO miles away. 

I have just finished paying the 
bills for my own enterprise. They 
include £560 in VAT on my 
solicitors', estate agents' and 
removers' Mis, £1,250 stamp duty 
on the purchase of a new house 
and £255 for the Land Registry. 

For this outlay of well over 
£2.000'ihe only palpable service i 
received was a map from the Land 
Registry which was so inaccurate 
that my solicitors are still trying to 
find out just what minute piece of 
Gloucestershire I actually own: 
there are no prizes for guessing 
who will pay for that. 

Sympathy is not required: the 
handshake was reasonably gold- 
plated and the house was not 
cheap, but even if it bad been I 
should still have paid several 
hundred pounds for exactly noth- 

I do not mind mounting the 
bicycle, nor indeed paying for it. 
But being taxed on it is surely 

Your obedient servant, 


South Gables, 

Cotswold Mead, 

Painswick, Gloucestershire. 
October 2. 

Choice of schools 

From the Head Mistress of 
Queenswood School 
Sir, Perhaps Amanda Atha and 
Sarah Drummond would have 
found it a salutary experience to 
have been in the staff common 
room on the morning their article, 
“Lock up your daughters to learn” 
(October 8). appeared in your 
paper. They would not have found 
“staffpower" lacking in this all- 
girls independent boarding school, 
where expectations are hreh and 
the staff, both male and female, 
are energetic and purposeful. 

Married teachers involve them- 
selves at weekends and in the 
evenings; furthermore the girls are 
staying on into the sixth form, not 
“bolting to Marlborough”. 

The negative image portrayed in 
this article is misleading and 
unjust Many girls' schools can 
boast excellent academic results, 
highly qualified staff, first-rate 
music and drama departments, 
quality Sports facilities, informa- 
tion technology departments, en- 
gineering facilities, Duke of 
Edinburgh Award schemes, 
exploration societies and more. 

The arbitrary remarks of these 
self-appointed “experts” cannot 
have failed to arouse indignation, 
particularly as there are many 
good schools they foiled to visit 
where the quality of “loving care 
and dedicated teaching” is still 
very much in evidence. 

Yours faithfully. 


Head Mistress, 

Queenswood School, 

Shepherd's Way. 

Brookmans Park, 

Hatfield, Hertfordshire. 

October 10. 

From Mr Andrew Hooper 
Sir, I have found your Good 
Schools Guide (October 6-10) of 
considerable interest muhum in 
parvo. Inevitably, I suppose, it 
leaves many questions unan- 
swered. Why, for instance, the 
catch-penny notion of a “top 
twenty”? On what basis(es)? And 
who are your writers? 

What I find most irritating, 
however, are the occasional lapses 
into extroverted diche. Particu- 
larly unworthy of you is the fiuuity 
“bottom line”. A it isn’t. B, there 
is a word which says precisely 
what your writers mean: “fees". 
Perhaps you were able to dissuade 
them from replacing “head" with 
“topline"? • 

Yours faithfully, 


22 Greville Park Avenue, 

Ashtead, Surrey. 

October 9. 

Baying British 

From the Chairman of the British 
Clothing Industry Association Ltd 
Sir. Woodrow Wyatt's article 
(October 4) is a timely reminder 
that unemployment is not the sole 
responsibility of government. We 
can all contribute to relieving it. 

However, it is too simplistic to 
advocate buying British to the 
exclusion of all other goods. It is 
necessary to took at products from 
all sources, whether competitors 
in the Western world or from low- 
labour-cost countries and to 
examine them against standards' 
of quality, design and price. It is 
only when goods manufactured in 
Britain match international stan- 
dards that one can advocate their 

What is required is for manufac- 
turers and retailers in this country 
to work together to ensure that 
British goods are the best available 
so that they become the natural 
first choice of the consumer. 

In the clothing industry we are 
only too well aware of imports and 
are constantly working to ensure 
that merchandise is sourced in this 
country rather than abroad, but 
such a policy only works when 
there is a firm intention on the 
pan of the retailer to buy at home 
and a willingness on that of the 
manufacturer to produce goods 
which are better than those from 

Yours faithfully, 

N. F. SUSSMAN, Chairman. 

British Clothing Industry 
Association. Ltd. 

British Apparel Centre. 

7 Swallow Place. Wl. 

October 8. 

OCTOBER 14 1899 

Ail the week The Times hod lead 
its nem columns with the heading 
“The Transvaal Crisis”, but today 
the heading changed for die first 
time. According to our Military 
Correspondent the significance of 
the train’s capture, the first ouert 
act of war, lay in the cutting off of 
Mafeking from communication 
with the South. From now on 
Colonel Boden-PoaeU and his 
men were on their own. ( See "On 
This Day", May 21, J985J 



We have received the following 
from the War Office s— 

“From tire General Officer Com 
m a nding . Cape, to the Secretary of 
State for War. 

“ CapeTown, Oct-13, 1 40 pan. 
‘Armoured train from Mafelring 
escorting 2-7-pr. guns sent from 
here to Mafeking was attacked last 
night at Kraatpan, about 40 miles 
[south of Mafeking. Apparently the 
rail had been removed and the 
train left the rail. Boexs fired into it 
with artillery for half an hour and 
captured it. Communication by 
telegraph is interrupted with Mafe- 
king at Kraaipan. The women and 
children have been sent to Cape 

“The guns referred to belonged 
to the Colony and are light guns of 
an okl pattern. 

“We have no details as to 

(From Our Special Correspondent.) 

LOBATSL Oct. 12. 

1 have just received a note from 
Mr. Nee thting, by a runner, which 
says that the Boer commander 
arrested him yesterday as he 
openly rode up to the laager at 
Manuane. nine miles from here. He 
hopes they will release him to-day 
on the arrival of the chief com 
mander Schwartz, and assures me 
that he is safe and kindly treated, 
though he is anxious for his release. 
This arrest looks very much like an 
act of war. and there is no reason 
for it, as their men are allowed in 
and out here freely. Feeling here is 
very strong on the subject. 

(Through Reuter’s Agency.) 
The Boers are reported to be 
moving restlessly in the vicinity of 
their laagers, but there is as yet no 
sign of their advancing across the 

lire searchlight at the fort 
working across the Veldt. Three 
Boer spies have been arrested. 

A man has arrived from Roode- 
poort who has been a prisoner in 
the bands' of the Boers. He says 
that they are preparing to attack 
the town. 

A number of traders at Zeerust, 
in the Transvaal, indented store- 
keepers here for large supplies and 
quantities of ammunition, but the 
storekeepers refused to execute the 
order on hearizm that the supplies 
were intended for the Boer 

Large quantities of forage have 
been brought in. Miners from the 
coalfields have arrived bringing 
with them aU their belongings. All 
the women and children remaining 
here have been ordered to take 
refuge in a laager two miles west of, 
the town. A number of houses have 
been converted into hospitals. The 
Roman Catholic Bishop 
telegraphed to the Superior of the 
convent here granting permission 
to the sisters to leave, but all have 
eleetd to stay and nurse the 
wounded. A number of ladies have 
also volunteered to remain and act 
as nurses. They have offered to 
provide delicacies for the sick. 

‘The Salvation Army women 
have left. 

fA portion of the above appeared 
in our Second Edition of 

A Pretoria telegram states that 
Mr. Greene called upon the Gov- 
ernment this morning on an errand 
in reference to Mr. Robertson, who 
is in gaol charged with high 

A private letter which has been 
received here from Johannesburg, 
referring to the German Ccnps. 
says that most of its members are 
burghers and have been obliged to 
serve. They requested permission 
to be formed into a separate corps. 
As for the other men, who woe not 
burghers, they were destitute and 
glad to join the corps. 

[A portion of the above appeared 
our Second Editionof, 


The town guard was mustered 
last night on instructions from 
Lieutenent-Cokmel Kekewich, 
commandant of Kimberley, that 
the local force should be held in 
readiness to form a laager. It has 
been settled that in the event of the 
alarm being sounded all the women 
and children shall be removed for 
safety to the gaol. In accordance 
with this arrangement the guard, 
after being paraded, was marched 
off to the gad. where sentries were 
posted and sandbags {tiled against 
the walls . . . 

(Through Rroter’s Agency.) 

CAPE TOWN, Oct 11. 
telegram from Vryburg states 
that British refugees from the 
Transvaal who have just arrived 
there declare that the Boers are 
very strong on the western borders, 
and that they propose mnmhing 
upon Vryburg. The panic there is 
spreading and tbe passengers leav- 
ing by train tomorrow include the 

To the point 

From Mr J. F. Drysdtde 
Sir. Your correspondent's ques- 
tion (September 27) about TSB 
pins was surely rhetorical Mv pins 
have been returned undisturbed, 
.still embedded in my unsuccessful 
applications. I am now preparing 
an effigy of a bowler hat. 

Yours faithfully. 


165 Glasgow Road. 


October 10- 


• p* 

' be 
I ob’ 
} sen 
t cus 

i get 
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October 13: The Princess Anne. 
Mrs Mark Phillips, Chancellor 
of the University of London, 
this morning launched the “Sci- 
ence for Industry"’ fair at Im- 
perial College of Science and 
Technology in celebration -of the 
University's 1 5(hh Anniversary. 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived upon arrival by the Vice- 
Chancellor of the University 
(the Lord Flowers). 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips this afternoon pre- 
sented Long Service Badges to 
Nurses from The Queen's Nurs- 
ing Institute at Drapers' Hall, 
London where Her Royal High- 
ness was received by The Master 
of Hie Company (Mr JA. Neill) 
and the Chairman of the Coun- 
cil of The Queen's Nursing 
Institute (Mrs Martin Adand). 

Hie Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips, President of Save the 
Children Fund, this evening 
attended the Musicians Appeal 
for Famine Relief in Africa 
Concert at the Barbican, 

Mis Malcolm Wallace was in 

October 13: The Princess of 
Wales. President, Dr Banuudo's 
this morning opened The Prin- 
cess Margaret School Town 
House, at 34 Wellington Road. 

Her Royal Highness later 
visited Unit S7, Norton 
Fitzwarrcn - Trading Estate, 
Taunton, and The Princess 
Margaret School, S3 
Middleway. Taunton. 

The Princess of Wales, ai- 

Princess Anne. President of the 
Save the Children Fund, will 
address the annual meeting of 
the fund at the Albert Hall on 
October 21. 

The Princess of Wales, will open 
die new Discovery and Sea 
Power. 1450-1700 gallery at the 
National Maritime Museum, 
Greenwich, on October 21. 

. Princess Anne will attend a 
dinner given by the 1975 Cub at 
the Farmers' Club. Whitehall 
Court, on October 21. 

The Duke and Duchess of York 


Kenya Muslim settlement 
is dated to AD 950 





Brigadier Guy Lenox 

The earliest archaeological ev- The trade appears to have The jUMOiu*mMqt^w» Prendergast. DSO, who died 
idence for an African Muslim led to the conversion to Islam also significant, i nae vras ^ October 6. at the age of 81, 
community south of the Sa- of some of the African coastal salient,- in the amre m jnc ^ of the Long 

hara has just been found in communities. Mas’udi, an north walL whicn tormeu Range Desert Group in the 

will attend the Trafalgar night , 
dinner on board HMS Victory ! 
on October 21. 

Princess Anne will attend a 
luncheon given by. the London 
Diplomatic Association at the 
Royal Overseas League on 
October 22. 

Princess Anne win visit the new 
showrooms of Swaine Adeney 
Brigg and Sons at 185/186 
Piccadilly on October 22. 
Princess Anne, Senior Warden 
of the Carmen's Company, win 
attend (he court meetingand be 
installed as Master on October 
23- She will also attend a 
reception and court luncheon at 
Painter Stainers' HalL 
Princess Anne, Chancellor of 
London University, will visit 
the Institute of Advances Legal 
Studies, Russell Square, on 
October 23. to mark its fortieth 

The Prince of Wales, acoompa- ! 
nied by the Princess of Wales, | 
Patron of Birthright, will attend 
the premiere of The Mission, m 
aid of the charity, at the Empire 
Theatre. Leicester Square, on 
October 23. 

Princess Anne will open Berners 
Street Hostel for the Mentally 
Handicapped. Birmingham, on 
October 24. She will also open 

Jack Holliday, aged 10, from Ashstead, Surrey, winner of 
the under- 10 category in the Dyslexic Essayists Awards, 

East Africa. Foundations of a 
mosque have been excavated 
at the site of Shanga. near 
Lamu, Kenya, which is be- 
lieved to date to around 
AD 950. 

Shanga wasa coastal trading 
settlement that supplied raw 
materials from the interior to 
merchants sailing the Indian 
Ocean. Monsoon winds en- 
abled this maritime trade to 
link the sea coasts of East 
Africa to the Red Sea, the 
Persian Gulf, and India. 

The products from Africa 
that were most in demand 
were ivory, timber, gold, and 
at certain times, slaves. Classi- 
cal authors such as Ptolemy 
tell of pons frequented by 
Greek ships, extending from 
Ceylon to East Africa. 

However, the ‘ first 
archaeological evidence for 
trade with East Africa comes 
from the eighth century AD 
when it was under Muslim 
control. Finds from Shanga 
and neighbouring Manda, 
from Unguia Ukuu, on Zan- 
zibar, and from the Comoros 
Islands suggest that merchants 
from the Pe rsian Gulf) 

Arab traveller who visited the 
area in AD 916, tells of only 
one Muslim group, the royal 
family of Kanbalu, which he 
makes dear was African, 
sp eaking their own language. 

remains of the mjhrab. A 
room at the back of the prayer 
hall may have functioned as a 

M Mos^ of that plan andof 
very similar size have been 

cauiig UKII -”v ;r_ — o- r ,kp 

Kanbalu has never been reported from Straf on the 
raredon the eround. but it is Persian Gulf and from the 

located on the ground, but it is mj > jiSaa af 

pratably no. tte si* of «**» 

SSFoS 'ft 


autographing the hand yesterday of Debbie Greenwood, of ftoTSatS 

BBClSSkrart Time. wb<H.raSited the prises. Standing on SWiZSi'S 

left is Jason Rose, aged 1 1 , of lincoliL 11 to 14 prizewinner, 
and to the right Miss Elizabeth AJcock, aged 18, of 
Uttoxeter, winner of the adult class. 

tended by Miss Alexandra Loyd . the new infant department block 

and Lieutenant-Commander 
Richard Aylard. RN. travelled 
In an aircraft of The Queen's 


October 13: The Duke of 
Gloucester, President, National 
Association of Boys' Cubs, this 
afternoon launched Club Week 
1986 at The Hippodrome. 
Cran bourn Street, London 

Lieu tenant-GoIonel Sir Simon 
Bland was in attendance. 

The Duchess of Gloucester 
this afternoon opened Hodnet 
County Primary School and 
later opened the Probation 
Building and Magistrates' 
Courts, Telford. 

Her Royal Highness, who 
travelled in an aircraft of The 

and administrative offices at 
Yew Tree Primary School, 

The Prince of Wales, Royal 
Patron of the Abbeyfield Soci- 
ety, will open the society's house 



Mr A. Tang cnew 
and Miss NJL Lyons 
The engagement is announced 
between Alfred, son of the late 
MrTangWai Kodcand Mrs Lee 
Fong How. and Nicola Kathryn, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs DJ. 
Lyons, of Fleet, Hampshire. 

in Tetbury, Gloucestershire, on 

October 24. 

October 24. 

The Queen will visit RAF. 
Locking at Weston-super-Mare : 
on October 30. 

Mr SJIJ>. Schwartzstein 
and Miss CG. Cohen 
The engagement is announced 
between Stuart, son of the late 
Mr Frederick Schwartzstein and 
of Mrs Schwartzstein, of Fisher 
Place, Trenton. New Jersey, and 
Catherine, daughter of the Hon 
L.H.L. and Mrs Cohen, of 
Dovecote House, Swallowfidd, 

the cruel promoters of that 

Large quantitites of glazed 
Islamic pottery of the ninth 
century have been found at 
Shanga and other sites in East 
Africa. Chinese pottery of the 
Tang dynasty has also been 

century. The earliest known 
inscriptions are from Barawa 
and Zanzibar and belong to 
the first decade of the twelfth 

The Shanga mosque found 
during this year’s sixth season 
of work there, sponsored by 
the National Museum of Ke- 
nya. the British Academy and 
the Society of Antiquaries, is 
therefore particularly im- 
portant It has all the 
characteristics of a “royal 
mosque”. It was very small 
with a prayer hall only 5.35 
metres square, that could 
accommodate only 40 

It stood in the centre of a 
complex of stone buildings 
enclosed by a large wall, which 
covered an area 80 metres by 
100 metres. Outside were 
found only mud houses, con- 
structed with wattle posts 
infilled with daub. The stone 
buildings would appear to be 
the remains of a palace. 

later in date. 

Ninth-centuiy glazed pot- 
tery was found in construction 
levels, while a later mosque 
built on its site (and reusing its 
materials) contained more 
than 20 Fatimid silver and 
copper coins, dating to about 
1,000 AD. . 

The Shanga mosque shows 
that there were small numbers 
of Muslims living in East 
Africa by the tenth century. 
The Muslim community at 
Shanga seems to have been a 
local African royal family who 

Western Desert. 

Guy Lenox Prendergast was 
bom at Windsor on July g. 
1905, the son of a soldier. 
After five years at the Oratory. 
School he attended Sandhurst . 
and was commissioned into 
the Royal Tank Corps in 1925. 

He was posted two years 
hner to an armoured car 
company in the Sudan De- 
fence Force where his interest 
in desert travel flourished and 
he learnt to fly. It became a 
hobby, and he bought himself 
two single-engined aircraft, 
flying on many exploratory 
trips over thousands of miles 
of desen in Egypt and the 

It was this which brought 
him into contact with Briga- 
dier Ralph BagnokL who 
raised and commanded -the 
LRDG in 1940 and from 

Muslim oomsauiuqr W whom Prendergast took cora- 
mand in August of the follow- 

than 'ng year. The unit was unique 
converted, ratiwr than and. being self-contained for 

aria, being self-contained for 
settlers from the Middle EasL t .300 miles, with 

The conversion of the ruling days' supplies, carried out 

raids deep inside enemy terri- 

perhaps occupied by the ruling 

families to Islam would have 
assiied in providing stability 
and trust for visiting mer- 
chants. However, the mass 
conversion of the coastal 
population in general followed 
over a century later. 

Dr Mark 

St Hugh’s College 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Professor Sir Desmond 

Queen's night, was attended by 
Mrs Euan McCorquodale: 
October 13: The Duke of Kent, 
Chairman of HRH The Duke of 
Edinburgh's Commonwealth 
Study Conferences (UK Fund), 
this afternoon attended a Meet- 
ing of the Trustees. 

Sir Richard Buckley was in 

Pond will be held on Tuesday. 
October 28. 1986. at noon at St 
Paul's Church. Knighubridge, 

Mr Ahmed EH. Jaffer. chair- 
man. Ahmed Jaffer Group. Ka- 
rachi. will represent the 
Federation of Pakistan Cham- 
bers of Commerce and Industry 
at the BASATA Conference of 
the CBI in London today. 

Dr AJVL Clarke 
arid Miss N J. Colder 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, younger son 
of Dr and Mrs HJ. Clarke, of 
Eastbourne, Sussex, and Nicola, 
eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs 
F.L Odder, ofCroft-on-Tees, Co 

Mr PJk. Massey 
and. Miss J-M. Edwards 
The engagement is announced 
between PauL eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs Peter Massey, of 
Bramley, Surrey, and Janet, 
only daughter of Mr and Mrs 
William Edwards, of Pbnbcawi, 
South Wales. 

Birthdays today 

Princess Anne; President of the 

Lord Barnett. 63: Mr Steve j 
Cram. 26: Rear-Admiral Royer 
Dick. 89: Mr Justice French. 61; 
Miss Lillian Gish. 87; Air , 
Marshal Sir David Harcourt- . 
Smith. 55; Mr James Hodgson, 
61: Mr Joe Hyman. 65; Sir 
Norman Longley. 86; Mr Rich-: 

Mr T.O.S. Lloyd 
and Miss AX. Dudgeon 
The engagement is announced 
between Thomas, only son of 
Mr and Mrs John Lloyd, of 
Court Henry, Dryslwyn, 
Carmarthen, Dyfcd, and Cath- 
erine. younger daughter of Mr 

Mr CWJ. Oakes 
and Miss MJVLC Wright 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, son of Mr 
and Mrs J.S. Oakes, of Headley, 
Hampshire, and Martha, daugh- 
ter of Wing Commander and 
Mrs J-A. Wright, of Cdlan. 
Lampeter, Dyfed. 

Mr S.C.G. Safren - 
and Miss J.K. Gibbmgs 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon, only son of 
Judge and Mrs N.G. Shriven, of 

and Mrs Brian Dudgeon, of Hong Kong, and Jane, younger 
Braadfiekl, Clifford Manor daughter of Mr P. Gibbmgs, of 

Royal School for Daughters of aid Luce. MP, 50: Mr Hugh 
Officers of the Royal Navy and Lyon. 93; Mr Roger Moore, 59; 
Roval Marines (Hasiemere). the Right Rev Peter Mumford. 

Road, Guildford, Surrey. 

. Mr MJ. Sawyers 
and Miss CC. Boyes 
The engagement is announced 

daughter of Mr P. Gibbmgs, of 
Chelsea, London, and Mrs EF. 
Gibbings, of Warn ham, Sussex. 

MrSJX Wood 
and Miss SLL Knowles 

Royal Marines (Hasiemere), 
will open the Royal Naval 
School's new gymnasium, to be 
called Princess Anne HalL at 
Hasiemere on October 17. 

die Right Rev Peter Mumford. 
•64: Sir Derek Oulton. 59: Mr 
Cliff Richard. 46: Mr Roger 
Taylor, 45; Mr Alan Williams. 
MP. 56. 

between Mark Jonathan, son of The engagement is announced 
Mr and Mrs AJ. Sawyers, of between Simon, son of Mr and 

Dorking, Surrey, and Catherine 
Charlotte (Polly), youngest 
daughter of the. late Major T.P. 

Boyes and of Mrs M.E I 

Mrs Jeremy Wood, of 
Whiteparish, Wiltshire, and 
Sally, younger daughter of Mr 

Whitfo*id, Devon. 

,of and Mrs Raymond Knowles, of 

Borth-y-Gest Gwynedd. 

Ctafir GorapokniKSGDiBHXtiaioiii 

Smith &Wdls,M E 


T 7.615s aA 

y u 


« Nefaxihe details to our 
branches today and well beat 
the competition hands down..?’ 


« If the printer can Nefax a 
proof to me by lunchtime 
he's got the job..?* 

dj. Marriages 

* Dr JJ>. Curtis 

and Mbs J A. Lane 
The marriage rook place on 
meed Friday. October 10, 1986, at 
>f Mr Sidcup. between Dr John Philip 
i, of Curtis, son of Mr and Mrs Philip 
anet, Curtis, of Leigb-on-Sea, Essex, 
Mrs and Miss Julia Ana I -■*«*>, 
cawL daughter of Mis Kathleen Lane 
and the late Mr Dennis Lane, of 

Mr HJL -Graham 
inced and Miss LC Garvin 
Mr The marriage took place on 
dlcv Saturday. October 11. at the 
rnebl Church of St Simon Zelotes, 
London, SW3, between Mr 
4\ an Hugh Graham, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs Donald Graham, of 
Oxen wood. Wiltshire, and Miss 
Emma Garvin, daughter of Mr 
Stephen Garvin, of Greystones, 
need Co Wicklow, and of Mrs Clare 
a of Garvin, of Lansdowne Gardens, 
m, of London. SW8. Prebendary John 
inger Pearce and the Rev Michael 
>&, of Clarke officiated. 

EJF. The bride, who was given in 
ssex. marriage by her father, was 
attended -by Harriet Masser, 
Melissa Garvin and Henry Tol- 
ler. Mr James Blackwell was 
need best man. 

anti A reception was held at the 
of Athenaeum. Pall Mali 
Mr PJi. Kendall 
and Mbs FJL. Conant 
51 The marriage took place on 

October 4 at the Church of St 

Luke the Evangelist, Gaddesby, 
Leicestershire, of Mr Phihp 
Kendall, thud son of Mrs M.H. 
Kendall, and the late Mr H. 
Kendall, and Mss Francesca- 
Louise Conant, younger daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mis Charles 
Conant, ofGaddesby, Leicester- 
shire. The Rev David L Prislon 
officiated, assisted by Father 
Anthony D. Meredith. Rector of 
Ratcliffe College Comm unity, 

The bride was given in marriage 
by her father, and was attended 
by Elizabeth Montagu and 
Roshnara Corby, Harriet 
Henniker- Major and Gillian 
WrathalL Mr Richard Orioli 
was best man. 

A reception was held at the 
home of the bride and the 
honeymoon is fating spent in the 
West Indies. 


Mr DJL McDermott 
and Mbs GJ. Carry 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, October 4, at St 
Mary's Church, Batsford, 
Gloucestershire, between Mr 
Damien McDermott and Miss 
Catherine Curry. 

Mr J.M. Skeens 
and Mbs BJL Birrane 
A service ofblessingwas held on 
Saturday. September 27, at St 
Mary's Church. Ticehurst. Sus- 
sex. after the marriage in Tun- 
bridge Wells of Mr Julian 

Sion College 

The Lord Mayor, accompanied 
by the Sheriffs, and the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury attended 
the Skm College past presidents' 
centenary dinner given by the 
Rev Michael Bourne, president, 
and the court of governors last 
night at the college. The presi- 
dent. the Lord Mayor, the 
Archbishop of Canterbury, 
Canon Richard Tydeman and 
Mr George Grover were the 
speakers. The guests included 
the the Bishop of Stepney, the 
Dean of Si Paul's. Mr Peter 
Bottomley. MP. and the Masters 
of the Loriners' and Felunakers' 

La »d eras' Company 
The Launderers* Company held 
a dinner at Launderers' Hall last 
nighL Mr Derek L. Hirst. Mas- 
ter. presided, assisted by Mr 
William H. Davidson and Mr 


Prendergast's command 
continued until in 1942, the 
group began to concentrate on 
intelligence gathering. 

He became deputy com- 
mander of raiding ibices dur- 
ing the ill-fated Aegean 
campaign in the autumn of 
1943, . The next year he was 
parachuted in to join the 
Maquis in France, and finally 
served as deputy commander 
of SAS Brigade until the end of 
the war. 

He retired from the Army in 
1949 and settled in Scotland 
where he was able to indulge 
his love of skiing, shooting, 
fishing and hill walking. A 
devout Roman Catholic, he 
attended Mass daily. In his 
later years he suffered from 
almost total blindness. 

He married, in 1 950, Angela 
Riley, who survives him to- 

gether with two sons and three 


Morgan Skeens, only son of Mr i®* 1 " C £- 

and Mis Philip keens, of W Rowtey, Town £>eric oTs^ 

Wcslbury-on-T rym, Bristol, and 
Miss Bridget Kathleen Birrane, 
second daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Martin Birrane, of Flimwdl 
Grange, Sussex. The Rev B.C 
Williams officiated. 

The bride was attended by 
Amanda Birrane. Rita Birrane 
and Elisa Bodes. Mr Philip 
Skeens was best man. 

A reception was hdd at 
Flimwdl Grange and the honey- 
moon is being spent abroad. 

City of London. Captain P.D.F. 
Craikshank. Master of tire Mas- 
ter Mariners' Company, and Mr 
Oswald E. Longshaw also spoke. 


Mr GJS. waidns 
and Mbs VX. Axton 
The marriage took place on 
September 27 ax St Mary's 

Royal Over-Seas League 
M^jor-General R.C. Keightiey. 
Commandant. Royal Military 
Academy Sandhurst, was the 
guest speaker at a meeting of tire 
discussion rirde of the Royal 
Over-Seas League, held yes- 
terday at Over-Seas House. Si 
James's. Mr Harold Tull 

Chartered Institute ef^ Transport 

Church, Lavant, Wesi Sussex, of Mr Geoffrey Myers. VicoChair- 
Mr Gary Stephen Wilkins, and, man of British Rail, delivered 
Miss Victoria Louise Axton. his presidential address to the 

The Rector, the Rev RJN. Aiton, 

A reception was hdd at 
Goodwood House. 

Chartered Institute of Transport 
in London yesterday evening. 
Afterwards he presided at a 
dinner for coutreil members. 

Latest wills 

^ ■ ***** j-'f. 

T&i* >/sar/ 

w * Sir Henry John Cuyden. or 

//llf London SW3, Chief Justice of 

“Well save a whole week if 

the drawing's Nefaxed to the J; valued 

site today... 99 Mr Norman Stuart Hcapa, of 

J Prescot, Merseyside, the applied 

mathematician, left £168,925 

«Get the signed contract I Sir Iain Johnstone MacBeth 

Nefaxed to before two j British Ambassador to the 

and the accounts in the bag..?* i? 5 ^ 604 U ^T 1 ’ l982_85, ^ 

Mr Samuel Carson Fitzwilliam 
Allen, of Lath bury, 
Buckinghamshire, formerly a 

Royal Navy 

The provisional selections for 
I promotion on tire Special Duties 
List (Royal Navy and Royal 
j Marines) to date October I, are 

Marines) and in the Women's 
Royal Naval - Service are as 

Royal Navy 

To Ueiumant Oomi m mUr 
Seaman SMCUUznxm: P j Wise: 1 a 

srar.t'&ss i s, o R B BS; jo 

«Get the signed contract 
Nefaxed to Paris before two 

The provisional selections for 
promotion in the Royal Naval 
Reserve and Women's Royal 
Naval Reserve to date Septem- 
ber 30. are confirmed. 

The following selections and 
provisional selections for 
promotion on the Spatial Duties 
List (Royal Navy and Royal 

Medical Service* P R WHllnga. 

To Captain: KQV GUU K D Johnson. 

Mr William Powell chief 
United Nations spokesman 
for secretary generals U Thant 
and Kurt Waldheim, has died 
at the age of 69. 

Born in Antwerp, New 
York, he was educated at 
American University. Wash- 
ington, and Pennsylvania 
University, from which he 
received his DPhil and where 
he taught English from 1939 to 

He was commissioned in 
the US Navy and served with 
amphibious forces in North 
Africa and Europe before as- 
signment to the staff of the 
commander of US Naval 
Forces in Europe. 

In October, 1945, he was 
seconded to the commission 
charged with preparing the 
first UN General Assembly, 
held at Church House, West- 
minster. He joined the perma- 
nent UN staff the following 
year, and from 1953 to 1959 
was the organization's press 
representative in London. 

He served in a number of 
senior posts in New York, 
rising to be director of press 
and publications in the de- 
partment of public 

Recently, in retirement, he 
served as head of information 
for the UN Association of the 
United States. 

He is survived by his wife, 
Doreen, and their two sons. 

Women's Royal Naval Service 

To aw Off icer: C M Ouks. 
To^ni^omcer: J E Sale G G 


director of News International, 
left £1,808271 net. 

Major George Thomas 


steward of the Irish Turf Club, 
left estate in England, Wales and 
. the Republic of Ireland valued 
al £557,413 neL 

. ■■ ti*- V 

Mr Joseph Frederick L£Dy, of 
j Waddington, Lincolnshire, 
farmer, left £1.099.105 net. 
Major Genera] Sir Edmund 
HakewuD Smith, of Hampton 
Court Palace, governor of the 
Military Knights of Windsor. 
1951-78, left £49.432 neL 
Po s tfau aiu s. of Pretoria, South 
Africa, estate in England and 

Wales. £376,457 

Powfe. Mr Harry, of Goole, 
chartered accountant.. £377,813 
Wbeler, Mr Francis Glynne, of 
Launceston, Cornwall £620.763 

Mr Jonathan van der Werffand 
Mr Timothy Lawrence to be 
circuit judges assigned to the 
South-eastern CinruiL Mr 
Thomas Gordon Frederick 
Atkinson to be a circuit judge 
assigned to tire North-eastern 

Miss Dorothy Qaick to be a 1 
metropolitan stipendiary mag- i 
istrate from today. Mr Nicholas 
Crichton to be a metropolitan 
stipendiary magistrate 

Mr GJ. Fuller, head of a 
divirion in the Department of 
the Environment's planning and 
land use . directorate, to be 
seconded from tire department 
from November as secretary to 
the Royal Commission on 
Environmental Pollution in 
succession to MrTiL Radice. 

Tussle for 
bridge lead 

Mrs D. Williams and Miss J. 
Spence were clear winners of the 
British Bridge League trials held 
over two weekends at the Grand 

Hotel, Birmingham. 

They were Tyirqs 916 victory 
points behind Mrs K_ Be the and 
Mrs L Shaw after the first 
session and had to play them in 
the first match of the second 
weekend, when they won by 16- 
4 to reverse the standing. 

Mrs E. Pencharz and her 
Welsh partner. Mrs Jill Carey, 
finished second and Mrs Bethe 
and Mrs Shaw third. 

CDUCJJW1I1 zso: 5 KK S rSiSSw 
■hw Mrs m Dennison 6 Mrs □ 

NotOeloa and Mrs n McOonran: sao! 


Science report 

Bird fossil may be missing link 

From Paul VaDdy, Houston, Tern 

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■The discovery of a bird 75 
Btiflkm years older than 
archaeopteryx, hitherto the 
earliest knowH avian fbssfl, 
could cause a significant re- 
vision of theories on how flight 
developed on earth. 

Dr Sankar Chaterjee, of 
Texas Tech University, will 
next month present to a meet- 
ing of the society of vertebrate 
palaeom yogy details of the 
find, which indicates that 
modern birds developed la 
parallel with flying lizards and 
dinosaurs rather thaq evolving 
from them. 

The creature, protoavis , was 
discovered in 1984 in a mud- 
stone quarry near the town of 

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■ — li cenuj nas investigation shown 

the fossilized braes to be those 
of an early bird and not of a 
snail dinosaur. 

Dr Chatenee said: u We 
fraud two skeletons, a baby 
and an adult which was about 
the size of a crow. It shares 
many of the characteristics of 
archaeopteryx but in some 
areas it is gmaificantly closer 
to a modern bird. 

“It has a wishbone and a 
well-developedsternqni, which 
indicates the powerful muscles 
needed for Dying and it has a 
long coracoid brae, like mod- 
ern bird and unlike 

For some time many sci- 
entists have expressed sur- 
prise at the small gap between 
the period of archaeopteryx 

and that of modem birds. “It 
did not seem to he enough tint* 
to allow an evolution between 
the smsopiusticated archae- 

Dr Ian Hodgson, who died 
on September 1 6, at the age of 
57, combined a varied teach- 
ing career with his special 
interests as an archaeologist 

Graduating from lung's - 
College, Newcastle upon 
Tyne, then pan of the Univer- 
sity of Durham, he taught at 
several schools in the north- 
east of England before going to 
Dundee to lecture in applied 
science at Duncan- of 
Jordan stone College of Art. 

When, in 1958, a Roman : - 
well was discovered in New- 
castle. he collected the animal 
bones the archaeologists left 
behind. His studies of these 
expanded into a thesis on the 
faunal remains from various 
Roman and native sites in 
northern England. 

During the early 1970s he 
published a series of reports 
on animal remains from sites, 
among them The Animals of 
Vindmanda (1976) and the 
more detailed Vindolanda U 

After moving to Dundee be 
involved himself with col fee- - 
tions of mediaeval animal 

opttryx skeleton and that of TCnj 3 * 11 ® found on excavations 
birds. in Scottish burghs. His studies 

This discovery seems to 
PW archaeopteryx on the 
evolotionary sidelines. 
rrototms has weU-de&noi 
daws at the extremities of its 

“Hey are lost like those of 
a tree climber. That means we 
iave to go back to the old 
theory that flight has arboreal 
Dr Chaterjee said. 

Whether tins will convince 
those who hold the theory that 
flight began from ground- 
based creatures we will fin d 
ont next month.*' 

of the economic and legal 
status of the buighs, in rela- 
tion to the archaeological 
evidence, was of special 

He never married. 

Miss Lynette POweU, who 
died recently, at the age of!02. 
served during the whole of die 
First World War in France, 
nursing the sick and wounded. 
She was probably one of lhe 
oldest hvmg holders of the 
Mons Star, which was present- 
ed to her by Queen Alexandra. 

f-oiwcr rv i sum - a^ax 

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births, marruges 




W. An SJUT^* "PM* onto run. - 
ff- Whal God hain ^P " 0 . 

- Uvou Itnao. ™ iU8w - «a» «au i 

it* HkS. ‘ 

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art on , 

- thou ronutan “>» «a«i not 

10 1 is . 

*OX*B* On October 10 th tm M 

EK^'" awaK&MS 
SS """* dau,Wer - CMtvS 

- On 8th October tow, »_ 

Nonhainwon. to 

_ m * t ** m ' * du ^<*W 

:■• c ss ,, ;s oato ““«» 

. c ^g^,£S^ 1 ? » ■?■»« 
&T JJ5T-; “g« 

:' < 55A2S!SiKfiSE 

'■■ '.f l ^!?lS^ < %k 6, LS S 

>yy ca ■£££!: “ 

K^^BSK*™ a Ml ' T "* 

D ^?L‘r2!l? < i UAn I2lh 4,1 Singapore 

*° Gratae uiee BeU) anaAUarl 

ST' Ar,,o ‘"* j 

HMawOH^On Oeiooer nth. to Sue 
wee BewWy and John, a ml 
CU arTrt John Normal “"* 

JOJ. • On October loth, to Pam and 

Graham, a dauoWer. Nicola Sophie, 
a sister for Stuart. 

raw« on «h October 1986 at Ubter 
HOmHaL to Lynn <nee DavKM and 
Maiuicw. a am. Jt^ThoSa?^ 

"On October 9th at the 
U ndo W ins. SL Marys Paddington, 
lo Sally inee Erie-Orax) and James, a 
daughter. Claire Louise, a sister tor 
Lucy amt Kane. 

\ SMAOT on October 8tlu 1986 at 
-> <***«* HoswaL sSstmnT S 
Lynne into Jakeai and Hugh, a 
daughter. Eleanor. 

■ f?L 9t t° aober 19 S6- <° Re- ; 

S«a u»ee Fraser) and John, a 1 
daughter. Sophie Rosanagtu 

WALTON On 12th October, to Meriei 
(nee Dace) and David a son. Benia- 
min David, a brothel for Adam and 

W1LCE ■ See Dickson. 

WHAT - On October SUi. at Wcstmin- 
aer Hospital. to Jeanette tote 
Graham! and Steve, a daughter. 
Tessa Sophie, a sister for Carolyn 
and playmate for Hope. 

cts only but donations, if d^rwL ta 

*““<* courageously. 
fMing daughter o?mwSbi SSjb 
dndyety much loved aster of Cam. 
??*■ *!?* “"I William. Private 
Uj*Hs'awi*tion. ThankagtviMmv 
SI MSrtSrch. 

ttKS. 1 ™®" 

LYON ■ oti 12th Ckctobcr i qba nfinrr 
haiv at borne. Laurence ctstv aged 

WorJ2SSo,f Unet * oa OnSsrSSr! 

Worotetershire. tormafly of 

SSfSwitoSr^J^^ * ■* 

«w tsaota Mary aid dear rather of 
Judy Wallace. Private aeraaaaci. 


^2*5NfA.b|Wi'i*dWt. iMintoSr 

arm. London ad IRQ. 

be ai WWOTtonrt 
Bommop. ss ReocM SL Wt tt^nog 
“W» of Ms a uto b io g rap hy and 
Counmsur'* Book of the Boa between 
1 and in today. To reserve a copy 
«*">* 01 73* 0713/0. 

■ULraua SAR 6 CNT Cancer Fund for 


n 4 PM KM Norih. Prof person. Own far- 
nofted room m lat ely IUL £186 pern 
(ncl- Tel. Oi Z74 2805 inn) 

SWl Tbwn hotoc ror U oc tau tr ac co n x rno 
dnuno. o/r * I .t. own phone, [Win. 
sail cxrcnute. tfiOpw. id Ol 8307325. 

RIUUM close to tube. Prof /female, n/s. 
SS- u Fna »- «40 pent cad. 

Tel: 01 731 1004. 

(Hght/mioAug Loebdnro. Rhervlew 
Own phone. 1 ctterriol. n/s prof r 3 o+. 

Cmaren. Send me foe Xros, caTO bro- I CJ94 pew toe. CHL CHW. 
rtvurr 0 Draqro- Md& of 6 . 8 Sa - £1 7 ft I T' TW 39 7524. 

Sy"M£ i Puey . to id Abingdon Road. 

ta > ° ” m MOn-Fri 


t J-? : 

* f T. ». . 


LACEY : BOULAHCEB - Dr. Martin 81. 
John Lacey, son of Dr. and Mrs John 
R Lacey of Calgary. Alberta. Canada 
to Miss Jennifer Anne Bouuvtper. 
daughter of Mr and Mrs John A Bou- 
langer. abo of Calgary, on October 
10th 1986 at Saint Bonavenhire 
Church. Calgary. They wai be thrtng 
at 1326 Hod is street In Halifax. 
Nova Scotia. Canada. 

' 1 £• U • : 


BARKEII - On October 1 1 th. EHc Wal- 
ler. peacefully al home. loved 
husband of Elbe. Funeral at GOlders 
Green Cremaiortum. Wednesday 
15th October. 2.50 pm. No (towers 
please. Donations If desired to chari- 
ly of own choice. 

COOPER On October 9th. Paul Ste- 
phens CedL funeral service at 
Bishops Lydeard Parish Church on 
Monday October 20Ui at 11.46 am. 
Dunlty flowers only, donations if de- 
sired lo the Chest. Heart and Stroke 
Association. C/0 HW Back * San 
Bishops Lydeard Taunton. 

CROCKER - On October 13 1986. sud- 
denly al home. TUUana Nancy, 
beloved wife of John Prfcr-rtn 
Crocker, and mother of Roxana. An- 
drew and JoceUn apd a much loved, 
grandmother. Funeral private, fam- 
ily flowerc only. Enqnirtos to J H 
Kenyon Ltd. Tel. 01 834 4624. 

FREDERICKS - On October 5nL peace- 
fully. PTurths B.UL much loved 
sister of Peggie Higham. Cremation 
at Barham. Kent on October 13th. 
No flowers. Donations to The Heart 
Foundation please. 

CLASS - On 12th October 1986 sud- 
denly and peacefully. Malar James 
Me Donald Class. M.BJE. (Royal So- 
nata rat'd), dear husband of Margaret 
and brother of Lilian and Ann. Fu- 
neral service al The Downs 
Crematorium. Bear Rd. Brighton, on 
Fnday ITU) October at 12.00 noon. 
No nowera by reauest buL if desired, 
donations for Sussex Maso n i c Chari- 
ties may he sent to S-E. Skinner and 
Sons. 146 Lewes Rd.. Brighton- Tel 
0273 607446. 

GREY-TURNER ■ On 12lh October 
1986. Adrian aged 31. greatly loved 
younger son. of the tale Elston Gray- 
Turner. and UUas Grey-Turner, and 
brother of Nigel and Catherine. Fu- 
neral private. 

»yg-On *»»h October, at tone in 

{»93rd year. WOfna Percy. Moved **“** FRWDS. Cxdiehr tmrodne- 
hUband or the late notence ^ — jy* tor.ure un et a e t ie a 68 Maaoex 

«w dear father of gw. uww wi. rremw otaw 

n "0««».Lm* or Marrtoro. Mages. 

Sg&SS^JSS aBasrwsSSrap 

doratton in Ms wmmnm mua - son u «a now 
mUtoty to the Royal NaUonai Lite Mar r me festive season ai 57 bed 

Boat IMKittm. West Ouav Road. arecutbed nteo home for aouicuve 

Poole. Dorati H»n» set to area of otnauodlnp natu- 

■ uoraw. ra, beauty. stafTad by mns. 

MAHER . On October ixro 1986. caumtUora. pochoto«L phyVatoera- 

pearefidly Sir JosSi ro 5“ «* re**** mental officer. For 

^ M «-■ Ulusirairt prowretus eonuet the dtroc- 

J™™NMd 91. Beloved husband Of lor. Clauds Home. East Knoykt. Wttta 
teMieiie. loving rather of Room and S*>3 6BE or mcmbw 07«7s» 605. 
•tohn and ^andfamer of James. Jev «XWT FRKNteL GachBira tetrodur- 
aca and Charles. Funeral private. 52* (or n» unaBaehM. sb Maddox 
On Hth OctotT^. Ahvrt. Lontfoo Wi. TMephone Oi-*93 

Hugh Reginald Arthur, beloved eider M i wn cars lm orofosiom cumco- 
atm of Artnor and Rowena Pmieroy. bon Mtoe documents. Deialts: 01-631 
of River Road. C2nuey. Province of 3388 

Quebec. Canada. At a nwud an H "* T to mradT. T&d ava w «y of men 

acodenL U lot,. .■ (no. CDufldinnai EnimluctioM 

Wtoow. M lane Placid. New York. throotpexa ux lm FriroftibSp awl Mar 

_ • nape Heart U Heart. 32 London Rd. 

READY - on October 8th. uagksOy. TwKkentiani. mkubc oi-892 2051 . 
OoUn Pew. beloved husband of awn,.,^ a.. 

«nv 02- 31V3W. 

Church. DeUan. Norfolk. Family lkp*t» oi ct wa r, jad 

Oowmts only, bid donalkns if desired Mine ic«n/in imk*. Scnn/Vto. 
to Mr D. Oossey. 12 Chaucer SL. 

fungay. Suffolk, for restoration of i k 

Window. WANTED | 

MAiAWOHAM - On October lltfa 
1986. peacefully. The Honourable 

<M MU1UT. rower OS Jennifer. Da- £260 DM- ox for gnu All diamond 
rffi." ,."*>**" antl Elizabeth. tewcUnybmnM- Mr Hanoi -960B030 
vranauon private. A service Of -or wnk soi Harrow Road. London, 
thanksgiving will be held at St Mary W9 Ail CnpiapO covered. 

The Vlrgtn. Tetbury. Ctouctster- c dm. suve-. nmona ur- 

Toesd «y October 28th at a‘\^t*o. W S£ , lS« s 

2 J 0 pm. No flowera please but dona- conoist si w<n. o» «oo8S3a. 

boos may be sent toe Friends of St 

Mary's, Tettwry. tjo uoyas Bank. WAMT ® Edw*tUan. Victorian and an 
Jrtbuy or "nje Royal iteredenHos- SgewBSammn fSS'lULZX 

pltal Cancer Fmtd. London SW56JJ- sfiii. ' ert0,s- - 

SMRH - On October 8th 1986. peace- 
fully at home. Peter Brady, bekwed ■ 

husband of Jean, loving father Of I png qai V I 

Miran da. Rkhard and Wnny. | FOR SALE | 

WWTE On Sunday October 12th. 
peecefurty at The Freedom Fields 
Hospital Plymouth. Philip Basil 

White F.CA.. dearly beloved bus- SAVE A PILE! 

band of Elaine. Funeral Service at at 

The Catholic Church of our Lady Pnutcln Pnmmo 

and SI Mary Magdalene Tavistock on Kesisia LarpeB 

Friday October 17th at 12 noon. Do- Mrrekaion vehet pile cupnns IS 
nations, if so desired to Nazareth coioon. Buib in ooderiay IT wide from 
House Plymouth, care of the Nation- sock. 7 year wot nominee hr bow or 
al Westminster Bank Tavistock. 5 S,^,CUrkote« rort 

W«rTY: On September. 30th 1986. 22^ 

Bte U y tl^ sriegton Of^tog 5p£: 

is^aSsEs^sss^vT^s -T;rr7 

of Meadow Brook. AMennaston. Mg RJ tara RMl 

Loving husband of MaMa. father of ™' 5oa * ~*** SWB 

John and grandfather of Guy and* Tefc 01-736 755 1 

Lisa. The lUneral has taken place. mt EsmauwCxpcn nrnnp 

DODtftons if so desired to the KUre 

Unit. Mean 4 Ward. SL Maly's Has. 
pitaL Portsmouth. 


share luxury fM. own reon. to £re au 

farmes cito pan. Tecoi 350 1090 

MMUMN prof person, n/s. age use 
l jws u sure lovely house, own room. 

Mi mod com. dose town centre a 
, BR/LT. £40 pw End, Teti 01-436-3212 
I (O) or 01-5*0-7796 (Eves) 

FLATMATES, SHMtK« Shw1n» Weil 
reran introductory smice. Pbe te) (or 
MW 01-869 8491. 315 Brampton 
Read. SW3 

BA MBB A M L Law MPm. C7D pw tndu- 
sne. Suu j uuiuewnan . Teu 01 588 
0719 i Alter 6 ami. 

■UNrtlieY Ml m/f to share law 
otxBd bouse, o/r. mom cons. 5 cates 
Tube. £55 pw tori. TetO 1-700 44 IS 
B AA — m prof hnaale. odn ton. o/r. CHL 
orer s/lube. £50 pw cxd 607 8281 
alter 7.00pm. 

PLAT / Houre Stare tor 1 or 2 Omhrtope 
Graduates, f 22. cpnvraieni cat rai bon* 

don. TcC 0952-608740 

tMJNCTOU N1. Pro* m/f 2frf nan amok. 

tan \1iac documents. Details: 01-631 et to share luxury house, o/r. ££0pw + 
3388. fatUs. Tri 226 564X (cvreX 

HEARTto HEART. Todays way of meet- MEMf/RKMMOND N/s prof. lO mill luta. 
too. Canfldrenal totraduebana BR. MS. Md. N/S Ore. Own rm. C50 
Ucrougntiui UK tor FttendMUp and Mar- pw tor. Tri Dettae 995 1441 ext 4318. 

?fWH™s M .Href L agjjtotao Rd. MPA-IORL Monday to Friday. Bed 
Twicknam. Mtomc 01-892 2051. and breakfast. £32 Per week. Private 

COMVCTAMCMO by f idly auaMflro SoBd- o/r 

iocs. £180 + VAT and standard *V?, u L 

dKtomccnmts ring 0244 319398. £4B 

TUX Eawre OX-278 6931. Fret and 
irluee Ictm/fax srevlre. Acmt/Vfea. 


<5 Per or up to paid (or silver articles. 
£260 per os for ooitL All diamond 
tewetlrey UougM. Mr Han 01-960 
.or write 361 Harrow Rood. London. 

W9. All Engteid covered. 
JEWELURY. G4M. SUver. Dtraonds ur- 
penUy wanted. Top prices. WUbams. 43 
Lamte CenduU SI WC1. Ol OOO 8S58. 

WANTED Edwardian. Victorian am an 
Minted furnkLBe Mr Ashton Ol 947 
9946. 667-669 Garroti Lane. EartsUdd. 




Resists Carpets 

Mnakaion vehei pile cafpetng. 14 pirin 
cokws. Bulb in underlay IT aide from 
stock. 7 vear urar Dummec Ar boxte or 
office. £4.75 per sqyd. Corkopbu Cork 
tiles. Natural. 275x275 only. Bcs price 
anysberr 0.05 per sqyd. tefei (pods. 
Pfus the tvges sriecuon of pbra carpes- 
kf ia IopoobAO prices ochuive oTvaL 
$48 Fplham Road 
Fkisom Green SW6 

Tel: 01-736 7551 

Free EsuraatreCxpcn FUUna 

CM. Tel Ol 3B1 8261. 

SW17 Prof F/M. nr lube. n/r. ritared nta- 
tenrtle. C/H. an unicn. £140 pod 
T001672 0442 

W4 Prof pars. Mao lo Fli. O/r. £45 pw. 

exd. Tel: 01 838 1221 may) Ol 994 
. 5213 >E\rL 


ST JOB— WOOD - Anttoue tomuhed 
suite to protereto np l maos quirt private 
house, 14 floor. Be dro o m, stump room. 
UKtien. bat hro om. 6 months renew- 
able. £120 weekly. Tel Ol 624 3650. 

hate a larpr ■eteritoo of luxury 1 / 2 /- 
3/« Bedroom Rats with maid sender, 
interior oestpnrd A crotrata locate d . 
Ataiante Now. can O B o opugnt Proocr- 
Itev 01-727 3060: 

npaan N2 • Attract anr me. lota 
iree lined UrerL 4 6 dm. 2 Mcpani 
rerepls. tounge haJL lux both, sep 
sbwrm. kil all raarh. ppe. pin. £326 
».w. Uofrtend. 499 5334 

■ BUMP PARK superb (urn flat stand- 
m« to Me xi own tends. Kan. 2 tor. 
v eteopnl receps t pa netted dintoorxnL 1 
dbte/2 Stop beta. 2 baths* I enrobe) FF 
b“-tarape. B/ atarm. oft ft Md CH Inct. 
£500 pw. Ob tel onty. 603 7749 or 0296 




We are are pteasM to annonneo the apes. 
Ing or Hrrtfonds where we can after a 
selection of luxury BhMto. 1 A 2 Bed 
apartments serviced 6 da sm pw. 24 hour 

We bite you lo come 

-atoug 6 view 


OI 493 0887 


Double motion, master beteuora. 

en sutte aam/iaruzei. Smaun- 
do u bte and steigle bedrooms. 2 nd 
bathroom, separate shower. Dmrag 
room, tuiiy fined country kUchcn. 
patio, tracam. CD tet only. 


Tel 01 671 0476 or 245 6577. 


LamBacds * Tenants 
come to us for 

Phone now. 
01-734 7432 

l AHUtSK A PARK. Qtoria top sunny 3rd 
Roar oat. 2 double beds. 1 smote, tarae 
reer p and bArtarru 1 oath. 2 wrt. tong 
tel. C230 pw ttep Ol 223 SBOB. 

P W O APP cMa n aprmeal Iks su es) Ltd re. 
sure pronerure to Crtunu. South and 
West London Areas for wautnp apotF 
rants tet Ot 221 8838. 

I UUHC KUCTIOH Of hn nan & 
houses toteiui the Hassiatead. Stjohra j 
Wood & OoWers Green Ana. Benocvs 
435 7191. 

HIMDC SSI 5128 for Good ouaXty 
nrnpfrtifi available now to flu bin 
Ktugh tt bridgc ♦ Krnrtn pi o n trow £180 


Mtu a - very pretty 1 brill u i apt. Lpe 
recepL ML bath, close Stoane So. Very 
pood value. £165 p.w. upffiemk 499 

CL APKAM ■ a bedmt apL Btt with pwba 
pool Edge ol Common. Lounpe/dliwe.-. 
rutty cautp kh. bath. sue. cb toe. £135 
p.w. LWriend: 499 5334 

ML R ecommend C280 p.w. UpMmd: 



Worldwide low coU fUtoits 
The best . ml we can prove it 
190000 clients since 1970 



























Cl 95 


C 99 





C 76 



Jo-pura/Har £865 Donate £420 

Nairobi £590 Sydney £760 

cauo £230 Auckland £786 

tw o . £S60 Hong Kong £550 

Pit /Bom bay £3W Mtonti £550 

tanpkok £3 bo And Many More 


tumor /LSA ntgntl Q] 937 3400 
Itels Haul Fbohb 01 603 ISIS 
and Ol Q37 Qtril 
Id/Butenm Cten 01 938 34*4 
Goma mm i ucrmnl/BoaM 


Treat yeureeU to n* werapUopgl m 
pwtumty of a aocctu end of Mason 
rtftr in TAORMINA, l of the warm 
road el rgR U resoru. 

31 October IS d^ms OM 

11 October I.T e^ £T» 

28 October 8 n*£ts D79 

30 October 6 nSts £IM 

2 November 3 o«hts £139 

Ftolt todobve of dnlliae Cuwd 
ftgfiK BAB aaa—a d— a. tool 

baasfcre 3 iiroori u\e*. 

ISLAND SUN. 83 B ec fc a pk atoGote. 
London 5W l EbK>. 

01-233 7452 ABWATOL 1907 

Uemoer « Brose tabnd Anays PLC Gmep 

lowest fares 

PJBtS £69 N YORK £27] 

Frankfurt £60 LA/s T £351 

LA9M £320 Miami £321 

Nwrool £325 Singawtee £^< 

JoTxarg £460 Bangkok £331 

Cairo BOS Katmandu £441 

M/Boec C3SS RanpMei US 

Hong Kong C510 Cainau £43 

Hojr OfaraoHs Atad on la a Club crass 


21 Swallow SL London Wi 
01 -059 2100/457 0557 


toatut 060 KARACHI 8270 

BOMBAY • £355 LAGOS £330 

caro £ 2 io mum ran 

DELHI 045 ROME £105 





Tot 01-439 3521/8007 


UU WEST - MCRR Special often 40 
group*- RING FOR a DEAL* Aho Other 
amaimgtF faro mm wnm At £39. 
afc tor 8 raw to our bumper brochure. 
■Oil 785 9999. Abta 69296 AMI 1583 

SKI BEACH Villas. SwitartamL ■- 

France. Andorra & the ttaUan Dtoo- 
miles ai unbeatable puces & C 

generous group dtocoante. Rmo us on >v ' 
58 IB. 

SKI mi£t DiOTtNO OFFER ff Md 
fUttoq a rhaiel lor 10 MUM you to a 
FREE. Mfatuv aw dam* mmk to ton- 
er utarounB for ctocrcd chatete. pmn 
I ram CIB9B S/e £69. Rtog us now Ol 
370 0999 

SKI BONNE MDSt; - atrbtmm soeriat* n 
COdfriict at only £859! FBI a Chalet 4nd 
00 FREE! Rtop IB for «UB 01 244 

SM TOTAL. Superb chatet*. apes hotrte 
to Top Prenrh/Aualrian Rciocta It £61. 
(09521 231113 

Los Angelas 





OfWimrr— WE Balcony IUL 3 Bed. 
Drawing Rm. K with tol mnc MO gs. 2 B 
wilh S h mewp. £450PW me. CBbbbD A 
Carrier 589 5481. 

BABBLE ARCH. Odd runny . wrO far- 
ndM km fiaL 2/3 mer enme. rccep. 
dtn area, terrace, entry Phone £260 pw 
co . lei. 262 3632 

T^.V 000 ^’ 6 LUXURY SKRVRXD FLATS, rmural Urn- 

don from £328 pw. Ring Town HeeApte 
SWl tteetty ist noor tta in henrt of PkaH- 373 3433 

cocl Dtoe Bed. tocep. KK trim Ml 8 E BVI CE D >1 SBI — III tol fli PBeBlm. 
itacnmn. tMh/Stawer. £15CDw. CM TV. 24 hr Sw.-TWrx. CoBmenma 
Cootes 828 8251. Aparuarnte. 01-573 6506. 


CULUCK - A Service of ThankBgtvfng 
far the life of Etta GulUck win be held 
on Saturday 1st November 1966 al 2 
pjn- in SL Mary of the Angris 
Church. Moorhowe Road. 
Bayswaier. London, conducted W 
the Rev. Michael Htohzms • wfth 
wttof^i she roUabormed in producing 
hnrdrm gf pnjffl-. . _ -, 

WARE - Lady- Ooria Harriet (nee 
Ptatt. Dr.T Memorial Service to be 
held at Alt Saints Church. TUtord. 
or. FarrUtam. on Saturday 26th Oc- 
tober 1986. b 11 an Private 
funeral. Tbtnday 16th October, 
family flowera only please (via H.C- 
Patrtck & Ob.. 86 East SU Fanihara). 
DonaUoos it desired to MacMUan 
Cancer Relief Fund, c/o King Ed- 
ward vn HOspitaL Mtohurst West 
Sussex GU29 Ofil_ 


BOND Kevin John reme mb ered wit 
love, and never (brgotten Alison and 

NALUNSON - Ruth. October 10th. 
1978. To live in hearts we leave be- 
hind is BM to die' - Theodore and 

KD - Francis Adrian. 1922 -1986. 
Satfiy missed. Juntos. Peter. Jamie. 
Julian. RJJ>. 



Church news 


The Rev J A Armes. team Vlcar-AB 
Saints. Watermillock. mocew of ^r- 
Usto. lo bo Anglican Chaplain. Man- 
chester Unhefstty. mid Te am vica r. 
Whitworth, diocese of Manchester. _ 
The Von R BennetL Arehdeac*® of 
Dudley, and Director of Lay Mto- 
isiertal Dtodopmeni and TraltUng. 
diocese of Worcester, to be Vlce- 
Prmcipal of the Ctapham Battersea 

Adult Eduction institute. 

The Rev A P Btot*. Virar. PBMty 
Berlley. Knivdon. Thorpe and 
TkAlntoon. diocese, of Derby, lo be 
also Rural pean.of Ashbourne. 

The Rev A Brown, curate. All 
Sabus. Qion. and pnrst ln charge - S 
Francis. Brandteshotme. tooceoe to 
Manchester, to be pnrat-ln-ctiarge. St 
Prior. Ashion. same dtocese. 

The Res C P M Duncan 
Arrhoehop'< permisskm 
iiumt of York, to tie 
Chaplain. Christ* Hospital. Horsham 
The Rev D Cofate. Pries! Mi^raner. 
Milton Keynes- dlocwe to Oxfor d- to 
be also Rural Dean of 
The Rev B Jones. Chaplain, fto 
Mayday and.. Qucen> «<>¥*»£■ 
Thornton Heath, diocese to South- 
wark. to be 

Brorrogroxe and Redditch Hospitros. 
dtaccsc of WorWW. ___ * . 

TtaRel- CKnowiri vi car . St LU ke. 
be Vicar. St Luke with Rotas. 

Hey wood, same diocese. „ 

The Rev C Levey, .teacher at 
Cobham Hall School. Kent. *o be 
Priest in -charge. H art lri> dry . Wtacn- 
omtey Lovett. LovetL 

Eim bridge and Rusttoc 
The Rev B H Locke, curate-in- 
rharex 1 . SI Thfxnas. Klrkhon. diocese 
oiMahSiester. ro be Vicar, same 

The Rev B R McHugh, cur ate lntro- 
silpendtaryj. Si Paul. S*rwbury. <b 
ocese of Portsmout h. , » .curate 

■non supendiara’l. St John the Baptisi. 

shed field, same diocese. 

The Rev C J D ProberL Vicar. 
C^breho C3o*«h ajlO 
diocese Of LiAvtori. lo be team 'retar. 
HotyCross rwvkMi. in the parish of 
C^iiudon. diocese of Coventry. ... __ 
The Rev M J Rotoreton. team Vleto^ 
Howpen team ministry, diocese « 

York, to be 

Hcvwood. diocese of Manchester. 

me Rev P Ro binson , cu rate. « 
Chad. Rochdale, dtocesv to Mandw- 
irr. to be Vicar. SI Barnabas. Shore, 
same diocese. 

The Rev preb J H pw^Jg 1 / 
reudenuan; canon , und preoendaiV ■ 
saitsbury GUDedral. dtocew? ^to SalB- 
hur> . to be canon emeritus, Salisbury 
cathedral, same diocese 

DfingnimVim Un* 
oceve of Cuttdfofd. IB » Rerito. 

LUlSnall. «*»««• J* £{JXK e “imS 
prto*vi in -charge. HaugMon. Ran 

and Dernnmon. wme gweew- 

The Rev T i Sl»ng- 

n LovetL 
dtoceeo to 

Hoddlesden. dtocese to Bteeteum. to 
be vicar. St John's. Coppun. same 
dtocese. * 

The Rev R L Sturcti. team Vlear. 
Wotverton team into Wty. diocese of 
Oxford, to be priesMmchargfc KUP. 
Chamon-on-Otmoor and Oddlngloii. 
Noke and Woodeaton. same dtocese. 

Other appointments 

n S James. Church Army, to 

Evangelist. Si Simon. 

Soulluea. diocese of Portsmouth. 

Captain M voice. Church Array, to 
be Parish EvangeilsL SI Ceorge. ; 
Portsea. dtocese to Portsmouth. 

Resignations and retirements 

The Rev J W BeaymonL . ‘ 

Mary and All sau^v Dnndont 

Meonpolte wilh_ Oortwmxot) and 
Exion. dtocese of Portsmouth, lo retire 

on OcioOor 31. _ 

The Rev F E Brown. Vicar. St 
Augustine. Pendlrijury- dtocese to 
Manchester, rerirad on Sep*ember '3a 
The Rev T Gill. Rector. 
BraiKksburton. dtocroe to York, to 
retire on December. 31. 

The Rev A C M Hargreaves. Victo. 
Marden. dtocese of CanT<^rfmry. to 
reiire Oh Octobri 51, . _ 

The Rev J P...Mtoray. petest-to- 
Charae. sweat with Westroesion. dt- 
ocese of CMchester. to retire on 
October 31. 

The Rev R J P.BarrfijaL vicar to | 
Long BucVby witrowatfonL dtocese to 
Peterborough to resign on November 


The Rev B Brownless. Vlear. SI 
Paul i. Ramsey, diocese to Sodor and 
Man. lo retire on medical advice. 

The Rev F J . S Evans. Vicar. 
RiKttngion St Prter and Si IMUL 
diocese to ouoiroter. to retire on 
November 30. 

The Rev J Finch, vicar. St Helen's. 
Churchtown. Garstang. .dtocese Of 
Black bum. to retire on October 31. 

The Rev R R Osborn, priesl in 
charge. Syrertsara wtm Wtmn eM. 
diocese to r mml m m r t nil 

October 6 


Dinner Sufis 
Evening Tali Suits 
Surplus to Mre 



22 Charing Cross Rd 
London WC2 
Nr Leweaer So tube 
01-240 2310 

from £49. Videos lnxn £99. 91 Lower 
Shane SL. SWl. 730 0933 

MM SALE or Chain-. 70 r Krirn. rou 

crew. ihrrr douMe datmoM. 

ChThmi area. Pteare ronlacl Mrs Ann 
Belly al Ramataon Carilr. Stevan. CU. 
Meath. Repubbr Of ter and or Trte- 
Phone Navoa 40605 between iiip hours 
to 11 tun. to 5 sol Monday to Friday. 

NKNT5 OF WTTLOKB The ultltnate 
repbea fUndttote spectalMs. One to En- 
gtexs largest displays of i7tn and IBth 
cenlury period *Wte Corn Burr 

NefUebed. near H en ley on Thames 
*04911 041113 Bournemouth 102021 
295583 Totnuam (059287) 7443. 
B er k ele y . Ctos 10455) 810962. 

IHL1I auadty wool carpets. At trad* 
prim and under, also available UXTs 
extra. Large room star remnants under 
haH normal once. Chancery Came ls Ol 
406 0463- 

T1CKE1S MM ANT EVENT, Cats, star- 
light Exp. Cness. Lm mis. AU theatre 
and sports. 

Tel; 821-6616/326^)496. 

I . AXx / visa / Dtnen. 

—W AY DUE T Give someone aw tad- 
■ai Tfenes Newspacer dated the eery 
day they were bom. £1233 0492- 

, 31303. 

! SEATFIMDESS. Best KUtt for ao SOW 
out events. , ore chente inci e ae moot 
mator companies. Credit cards accepted. 
01-828 1678. 

UK IDES £7*9-1986. Other Mb 
avail. Hand bound ready Mr wrente 
Uon - also -Sundays-. C12E1 
Remember Wbm. 01-688 6523. 

CATS, fwm. Les Ms AH theatre msa 
span. Tri 439 1763. AU max* credit 

you buy cheaper? BIS LkL Ol 229 

etc. Nationwide deUvenes. Tet 10380) 
850059 iwmu 

TOKK FLAGSTONES for pottos * drive- 
ways. L iq u id ation sale. Tri 061 223 
0881/061 231 6786. 

BMWf l CPfT HUare table, watnot (tor 
Victorian scoreboard) Tel Ol 9401182. . 



rat nun woiuiw nf free credit 
cner l year (APR O^L Low interest 
Mao ov«r 2 years (APR 9.^) 6 3 years 
I APR 122ki WrUMn quotations. Free 
Catalogue. 3Qs HHbpate Road. NWS. 
01-267 7671. 

WANTEBt 2 young archi te cts seek 2 
b e d i m armrerelitlnn nr Finchley 
Rom/Swios Canape. £90 pvw. Ol 943 

AVaKABLE NOW Luxury rate & homes 
£200 - £1.000 pw. Tri: Brega* S8i 

KDKMCrON. W8. Brand naw im fte lux 
mats- 1 dblr bed. large re c_ Ul/fHaor. 1 
min Mrii 91. £185 pw tori. 938-2396. 

REOENrS BANK Supett>2 bed Oat to M.. 
AX amnmtUes. C26Q pw. Oottop & 
Partners. Ol 409 1343. 

MM Lovely ttoL lounge, dbte bod. -kit. 
wjgach. £128 p.w. Co Let Ol 381 
1719 After 4pm. 

LITTLE ^ VEMCE wg. A shaming 4th floor 
rtu In PB mansion block, inareac decor 
& rurnisMngs. 2 very lpe betkiaa. 
beautiful reap overtaotong gas. brand 
new u aa/dbier . aa machines. UMnay. 
24 hr ponerape. oa park space. A Must 
At £278 pw. 244 7365 CT> 

Qai/house: up lb CBOOpw. U su al fees , 
req. PhUps Kay * Uwk. South to Hie 
Park. Chrises office, ot-382 Sill or 
North to the Nark- RspenTO Pork office. 
01-586 9882. 

CNEIWA. Siam SL 8W3. Newly dec 2 
bed m floor rial. Ch_ alec, gas 6 deoa- 
tog me. Co M only. £300 pw: For 6 
months. Short M by neg. AvritaUe 
now. Tri Tracy re fto wena 01 629 
2791 Moo - Frt no MNP CTL 
nm g* MH. Ocgsat ft bepaoruBy 
appomed su nn y 2nd ilore OaL 2 pood 
steebedrois. 2 re caps, study. 1 bath. x. 
targe ff kM wrei aO machines. Avail now 
i yr. Prri co tri. £225 pw. Day 244 
7383. Eve 736 8897 CTJ 
EAST DOLTMCH SEE. AH UPaa l ue writ- 
mabiBmed 2 bed flat m PBB. 10 mins to 
victoria/Waterloo Reccp.dte rm. B Idt I 
ft bath, study. Use to oat ft we. Avau 
knmed. Suk family re 2/3 sbarees. 
£1 to pw. 244 7353 
ALWAYS an to huffing, mnstanay 
chanoma seteetton to romWard Bate ft 
bouses lUOOpw-iXvGOCnw. Banbam ft 
Rrev-es. Ketrengtoo ft Omni Loom 

Rec/Dto rm. 1 dbte bdr. 1 study. CM. 
Prof couple psaf. No sWg. £1 30 pw TW. 

01 748 SOBS 

KEW —A furrowed modem RM to 
1eL Si mog tip. dbte Ixdnu. boons. UL 
CH. pwu trout door ft t elephon e . £400 
• pan. Tek 01-940 8872 

*li ta a btork parfoekup square pgr- 
, dens. 2 brdrms. rrc. Bd k ft b. TV. 
potter. M. CBK £200 pw. tor CM. 
KTB. 01 373 7316. 

ENMnJEBON Sunerti luxury apartmnu. 

2 beds. 2 baton. FF ktteben. wash/drter. 
Soartom matotaned mature front / 
rear gardens Cge. Close to common / 
vlttape. Iri Ol 679 0801 evmtoav 

A toTW CAN BANK urgetHly reqtons lux- 
iny nsas/ homes. CKlsea. KtooMa- 
bridoe. BMpravte reoas. £200 ■ SZJXJO 
pw. Bu rgess Estate Agents 581 6136 
BATTERSEA - Morgans wane. New. fully 
equipped flat 2 dbte beds. 1 angle. 2 
bates. Garage, pretty garden- £2SOpw 
for I mmedia te let. Tri 688 1997. 

BOB! ft BUTCBUSF for luxury pr op erties 
to St Johns Wood, ne 
eras park. Mum vale. Swiss Con ft 
Hampstead 01-086 7861 
ronsCA. Newly convened maisonette, 
overtoofonp river. 2 <tW beds. 2 bates. 2 
m aps. C2BOPW..OP IPL 060882 33B. 1 

CSULTERN *T wi. i nutate Baber SL 2 
bedroomed flat £190 p-w. nsTOshed. 7 
months ooty. Owner Ov erseas Property , 
Management. 10734) 784441. 

HOLLAND PARK Sonny a*, o/totoctog | 
gardens, newly decoraied. Lane recen. i 
snglft dbte reds. pood K&B.CK Close 

Newly decorated. Porters- Stop. Nr. sta- 
Uon. £145 pw. Tel. Ol 4CB 6890 
ST JOHNS WOOD S e l ection of exceUero 
2/3 Bed flats ft bouses. £2SOpw- 
£600pw. ASen Bales ft Cb 499 1666. 



01-370 6332 


Nairobi. Jo-Burg. Cam. Dubai. 
WanboL Slngabore. K.C Delhi. 
Bangkok. Hom Konp. Sydney. 
Europe, ft The Americas. 

Flamingo Travel, 

76Stanesoury Avenue 
London W1V7PO. 

01-439 0102/01-439 7751 
Open Saturday 10.00-13.00 


Sound adnrr and pwtracr on rafaeng kxR 
tool tcr-rl costv 
111 A dab rta 0)737 
\ma to Canaffi^A raquines. 

Auo/NZ. ft FarEmric. 

0)727 4i7>l 

C uuuu c uu l ICDSumvpecahu 


am 72KC. Mentor ol tta tattfe ol 

Tim) & Tounsm. 

BH8KE9 In Pond Pface. Tta EBgbsh res- 
taurant to arisen. FTO» ft pbrtbno 
orori-wonal ffiver sendee staff required 
For iumedlaie nan In CMeat pi wsM 
Engbsh rrstaurant. ftatarles to esi cm o to 
Cl 0.000 Pb. Tet Cambed Porter far an 
bnmrthak- Mrevlew. OS 684 4886 

MAKES in Pond Place. The EngHsta 
restaurant In Chelsea. Ftol ft partime 
grofesHonal silver service stair re- 
quired for Immediate start tat 
Chelsea's premier ENM restau- 
rant. Salaries In excess of £10.000 
pa. Tel CantoeS Porter for an trrarae- 
diate interview. Ol S84 4555 i 

sumxtrndon WI. Tel 439 6534. 
LTk/ov-erseaa. Aten m .be tos /doms 

North wood. Middx HA6 3PR 

Dtaonat TTavet 01-730 2201. ABTA 

counts. SanworM Travel. 103727) 
26097 /27 109/27538. 

CHEAP PLMKTB Woridwtde. Hmunartot ] 
01-930 1366. j 

P IS cm H IT FANES W orld w id e : 01-434 
0734 J ref ter TTaveL I 


ISC. 1983. One owner. Chuafter dnv- 
l i mi ta ted by Mr trade s Bene 

tote nor. 27.000 1 
48b 1796 

. £13000 Tri: 01 


<BN NffiE sever Spirit. SrtMtke or 
rhmdleur. Other v e iar te s available. Oi- 
340 9280/7902 T. 


VMM P ort uga l Canaries oraoe my tr 
£69. Surotari. 01-434 4697/a 

A TOL. 1776 

Fakler 01-471 0047 ATOL 1640. 

UT/CLUB Ecooom y flights Wffiwlfa 
Comet Travel. 01 434 1091. ABTA 

Aua/NZ. 01-684 7371 

Open SaL 0763 887036. 

■LKNTBDOMEII* OBcounl Fare* world- 
wide. 01-387 9100 

LOW Cow Fares to USA. Mrire Travel. , 
Ol 486 9237. IATA. j 

Ol 734 5307. ABTA 

a AFRICA From £466. 01-584 7371 

8PABL Portugri. Cheapest tares, fagplea. 
Ol 736 8191. ATOL | 

**T. Oft ft Economy dag*. Special 
fares. HTT Tri: 01-930 136ft 

WimntB re Weeks. H u neytobo na re 
2nd Hone y moons ... Discover the Magic 
to Italy's romantic dues In Autumn or 
Winter. Call 01-789 7449 far your 
free colour brochure. Maqr to Italy 
DccaT. 47 Shepherds Broh Omen. Lon- 
don. W12 8P5. 

Brussels, teugn. Geneva. Berta. Lau- 
sanne. The Hague. Dutton. Rouen. 
Boulogne ft Dieppe. Time Off 2a. Ches- 
ter Opse. London. SW1X 780 01-236 



CORFU Bargains. Beautiful dri itta nr 
beach. 2 6 ors £199 1 wk. £229 2 Wks. 
Also Matte A Cyprus. Oat/HTow. Ran 
World Hobdays Ol 734 2562. 

GREECE. UtMPtoU (stands, cheep niglus. 
villa rrntets etc. Zeus Hois. Oi 434 
1647. AIM. Ado. 

■NODES Late booking woxm fur apart 
tab from £i&9p.d i5.i8J22-2S OcL 
Tel: sxanu 0706 8628I4S. 



ALOARVC. Lux villas with pools. Oclft 
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Bgpea jtodtm i fcB idtta— rtatot . - total 
Bounteous to tad to— L teBeppwMfienrae 
oi M godng 5 dgs t oecH m tbs -* py ten 
teurok pat Mb Him HOUMV. 
PtmteiacMSateitotaBine NonMllM 



ACT 1985 

rredHore of ihe above-named Company, 
winch is bring votununty wound up. are 
re qu ired, on re before me nth day to 
Novrtnwr. 198b. lo seM U Uirir fuH 
Chnatian and vunumes, their Wrtfrt 
and tirxTipbom. luH twitnaan of I heir 
debts or rtaum. and the names and ad- 
drmses to tbcir linkcitura (M anyi. to the 
i m a erugw ed MB phojp monjack FCA 
me Lmuidaito ot me saw company, and. 
U so mnarrd by nebrr m wnnnp from me 
said m u nd a n e, are. personaas or oy Kiev 
Sobolors. to ramp in ana prove then debts 
MtlaMBatMKh lime aod place as shaH be 
roenfied in surb noure. or In driatdt 
ibereoi uiev win be exetoded from me 
benefit to any dKfMbutna made before 
surh tab are proved. 

DATED IMS 2nd day Of OCTOBER 1986 

NOTICE 16 HEREBY GIVEN pursuant lo 
Simon 588 to the Corapantes Art. 1966. 
mat a meeting to the c redii pr s of me 
above named company will be nrid at the 
on MTS « LEONARD CURTts 4 CO . situ- 
Tuesday tar ?ist day to October 1986 at 
300o‘nork in Ibe afternoon, for the pur- 
pages provided for ta Sechons 589 and 

Da te d the 3rd day to October |986 




NOTICE IS HEREBY GtVCN pursuant 10 . ~ 
Section 688 01 the Companies Art. 1 98S. •- 

dial a MEETING to me credtton to the 
abov e named Cbmpaiu-wai ne bridal the ' 
Offices 01 LEONARD CURTIS ft GO., situ. 
bird at 30 EASTBOURNE TERRACE -,w 
■2ND FLOOR) LONDON W2 6LT on . ~ 
Friday the 2Wi day to October 1986 at . 
12.00 o'clock nuddxy. for the purposes ■ 
provided for m Secoon v 889 ami 590. " - 

Dated the otn day to ooobert986 *J 



0484 548996 

SKI IMCDh Superb S/C to Tipnes La 
Ptagne Oeax Atoes * Megese. Pries 
from only £691 oi 244 .7361 

NOTICE is hereby given pursuant to *27 
to top TRUSTEE Art. 1925 that any y- 
prrson hang a CLAIM agnkisl or an 
INTEREST m Ibe ESTATE to any to the 
■terraard Henan's whose names, ad- A - 
dre«M and descriptions are set out ■*„ 
below Is hereby required to send 
paurutanvln wriUnpof ntsrtsbnre to- — ' 
bred ta toe person or mu ons ■■ I 
metotoned in retabon lo Ihr derebsed 
person ronrrrned before the date veri- 
fied: after Mturii dale me estate of me 
deceased wdl be dWributed by Use per- .*** 
scnM ti-nrpsrnlauves among the p ersona 
enldted IIMn-to having repaid only to . ,. 
(be Maims and taterrsls to which they - - 

have had nottre. * — 


BUCKNALL decerned ^ 

Nodre Is hrreby given pursuant lo SeCtttn : 

27 to tbe Trustee Art 1925 (hat any Per- _ - 
son having a claim against re an tntererita Tea 
the estate of SILVIO PAUL BERNINI de 
MOVSE BUCKNALL deceased. lafetoTbe _ 
Old vicarage. StacUtad BrtstoL near ' 
Bridgwater. Sommri. Retired Captain in ... 
Her Matestyt Army, who was born on the 
21st day ol May 1896 ami named Raul 
SBvto Bernini Buckiutl. the son of Alfred 
-Burknafl and Brairtce Enrtty Backnao 
mee Hopkins) who al that time resided at 
Marine villa* Mumbles, and who died on 
■lie zom day of October 1978. and whose 
WH was proved at the Carmarthen Dts- 
inrt Probate Rrgtatry by Joseph Lewis 
Shaw and Rtrhard AMbony Prior, the 
two Executors named to thesau whl is 
hereby required to send parttculare or Ms 
re her clam re taterrst m writaig lo 
Mrasre Pardon. Sdbcttore. re 6 tftop . 
Square. Bridgwater- Somerset TA6 3DG. 
and u send surh nartkidars not lairr than . 
the tEtti day of Deretnoer 1986 after ,-w 
which date me ExectMon wiu dUtnttoie -tT? 
(he estate among tbe persons emitted 
thereto having regard only lo me rtnfms 
and interests of wMrh they nave had no- 
tice and win not as respects me proneny 
so dtstiibwcd be table to any person ' 
whore claim Uwy shall dpi mm hav e had 
notice. . . 'w 

DATED IMS 3rd day re October 1906 
. Pardon 
6 King Square 
Somerset TA6 3DG 
Sohritres far me Executors 

haul nights and charters. Tri: 01-360 
1666 (or a cooapetWue quote. 

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htelMtV. dlOCefle Vlrsr 

The J i ^ pA i? 

prior. Djrwen. wlln » Raw- 

University news 


Professor Graham PyalL for- 
med) senior advise- to ihe 
development research depart- 
nieni of the World Bank in 
Washington, has oeen ap- 
pointed Coopers and Lytwand 
research professor in Ihe depart- 
mcm of economics. 

Professor Ravi Kanbur. profes- 
sor of economics at Essex 
University, to be professor of 
aconomics from July 1. 1987. 

Charch in Wales 

The Rev R E wnitams. Vicar. 
Lfanwnda with Ltanfagian. to be an 
honorary canon .of Bangor CaihedraL 

The Rev J Knowles, curaie- Si 
Mellons, lo be Rector. Benefice re 
Tredunnock and Uaurtesent and 
Llanhenog. dtocese of Monmouth. 

I nc Hev j e l white, vicar, 
rectorial benefice of Lfanmartln. i fa be 
Rector of LandDOo with Whltebrook 
chapel and TUiiera Parva. diocereof 

The Rev PA Kennedy. Curate of 
ShUdon. Uif dioce se of Du rham, w be 
curaie of Shonon. diocese of Si Asaph. 

The Bishop ro st Asa ph h as 
announced the foBowlng ap point. 
men la lo the Chapter of St Asaph 

Canon E 8 WtWamx, Rector re 

_ swUxUey- vtear of wetoh- 
nool atm Rural Dean of Pool, to staB 
OfArthUrt BUIKTOW Rev BSraUh. 
R-xior of wwgufflL_ u> dan re 
Johannes GrtnWh- The Bw J S 
Daren. View- of Rhosymedre and 
warden at ordinandi lobe honorary 


A gram of £143.882 has been 
awarded to the school of elec- 
trical and electronic engineering 
to develop ways of improving 
design and production of inte- 
grated electronic circuitry in a 
wide range of high-technology 


Dr David R- Han nay, of Glas- 
gow University. b?s been ap- 
pointed to the chair of general 
practice from January 1. 

0 relirpoo «to. S86 OULTERM ST Wi. i minute Baker SL 2 

Klflwn 1975 Model M. UpriphL Ex- bedroomed fill £190 p-w. rmtehed. 7 

_ ... cetteni cotuUiMO. £2JSXX Tri 0702 monilw only. Ownw Oversne Property 

. SI Hrien'P. 346566 Manapemem. tOT34j 784441. 

SRA»m PIAMOl Kawsi KCS. 6*1 Stra. BO- HOLLAND PARK Sunny flat, o/tooktng 

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m t gnw lM hUrmiL BrauUlid 5 n 6 grand. Mod- Tube. £170 pw. oi-229 7788 

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rvto beaxi Tel-.7S3-9 066. p w araw mm KrMy or^mS new 

r CaihedraL LINMUIMAII Baby Grand. Brlpni M»- interior dragnni 2 bed 1st floor naL 

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By Tim Jones 

For the fust time in 50 
years, the once mighty Na- 
tional Union of Mweworkers, 
the “storm trooper'’ of the 
union movement, is sliding 
towards the position where it 
will no longer command an 
seat on the central policy 
making body of the TUG 

Faced with crippling debts, 
an accumulating £250,000 
overdraft the problems that 
face Mr Arthur Scargill, presi- 
dent, and his national exec- 
utive committee are 
compounded with the 
announcements that British 
Coal intends to dose three pits 

which employ 1,805 miners. 

The three pits, 
Tilmansione. in Kent and 
Namgarw and Cwm, in South 

Wales, are all deep in militant 
Scargill territory. 

The job losses push the 
membership of the be- 
leaguered president’s union 
perilously dose to the 100,000 
mark, below which be can no 
longer have the right for 
automatic TUC selection. 

Now, because of pit clo- 
sures, the formation of the 
breakaway Union of Demo- 
cratic Mine workers, and gen- 
erous redundancy terms, Mr 
Scargill may be the last NUM 
member who can claim a seat 
on the TUC inner sanctum. 

British Coal figures show it 
employs 126,000 

mineworkers. The UDM 
claims at least 30,000, reduc- 
ing the NUM to below the 
magic 100, (XX). 

^ ^ 
Mi' • ' . 

• w.-J av 


£3rJl ; k - \ 

. '.VyT'.f c. A-L-^.* i rb 

Pc Matt Flander talks to the children ofMoubecoomb Infants School yesterday on the danger of talking to strangers (Photograph: Tim Bishop). 

Awful disquiet invades a Brighton estate 

Continued from page 1 

polite and impossibly good 
little girls in fairy tales. 

But not any more. For now 
a stranger with sweets had 
passed through their 
streetaSuddeiily their state, 
their school, their very street 
was famous. 

PC Eric Mackintosh, the 
children’s Uncle Mac, well 
remembers when 

Moulsecoomb children were 

Thatcher backs Reagan 
stand on Star Wars 

Continued from page 1 failure. 

will receive President Mitter- 
rand of France at Downing 
Street Though the meeting is 
ostensibly to discuss arrange- 
ments for December’s Euro- 
pean Coundl meeting in 
London, East-West relations 
are high on the agenda. 

Mr George Shultz, the US 
Secretary of Slate, yesterday 
flew from Reykjavik to Brus- 
sels and spent nearly three 
hours briefing Nalo foreign 
ministers seeking renewed 
support from the allies for Mr 
Reagan's position. 

Mr Timothy Renton, Min- 
ister of State at the Foreign 
Office, blamed the Russians 
for resurrecting Star Wars as a 
negotiating issue, but refused 
to describe the summit as a 


What was surprising, he 
said, was that the two leaders 
had got so far. Important 
details had been discussed and 
serious proposals had em- 
erged. There was now an 
“absolute determination" to 
build on these “substantive 
ideas" and to keep the mo- 
mentum going. 

“The prize in sight is very 
great indeed, but the detail is 
very difficult," he said. 

Mr Neil Kmnocfc, leader of 
the Labour Party, said the Star 
Wars concept was “flawed 
militarily, strategically, politi- 
cally and scientifically" and 
that “it must not be the chain 
which binds the world to the 
huge costs and dangers of 
current or increasing nadear 
arms build-up". 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

Queen Elizabeth the Queen 
Mother visits Burns and Harris 
Printing Works, Dundee, 3 JO. 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales attend a dinner given by 
the Variety Gub of Great 
Britain, the Dorchester botd, 

Princess Anne, President, the 
Riding for the Disabled Associ- 
ation. visits the Havering 
Group. Havering Park Riding 
School. Havering, London, 2; 
and later, as President, the 
Missions to Seamen, attends a 

concert at & John's, Smith 
Square, 6-55. 

Princess Marearet, President 
the National Society for the 
Prevention of Cruelty to Chil- 
dren, attends a ball organized by 
American Medical International 
Hospitals, Grosvenor House, 
Park Lane, 7.55. 

The Duke of Gloucester, 
President the British Consul- 
tants Bureau, attends the annual 
dinner of the European Comm- 
ittee of Consultancy Firms, 
Stationers’ Hall, EC4, 7.40. 

The Duke of Kent visits the 
Royal Naval Engineering Col- 
lege. Manadon. Plymouth. 
11.25; and later visits HM 
Naval Base. Devon port, 330. 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,176 


1 Desire to share in purifica- 
tion (10). 

6 Call for lime (4). 

9 Left out in the open? <10). 

10 Betray disappointment (4). 

12 Not like 9 to argue mod- 
erately f6.6). 

IS Supposing 1 start to mix a 
double gin? (9). 

17. There's a small quantity as 
soon as the German boat 
comes in (5). 

18 Ringing sound from insect 
buzzing about round wife 

19 Tickle from a bird - the 
Italian teal perhaps (9). 

20 On sin. Church of E ngla nd 
canon conceals lack of 
agreement (12). 

24 One universal fool (4). 

25 He may catch you out in 
exchange (10). 

26 Three points about love are 
sufficient for a poet (4). 

27 Don't use so much salt the 
climate being stable { 10). 

4 Jog hard, in faith (5). 

5 Close admission to public 

from one day to the next (9). 

7 Use Nile in a' version of 
De meter's annual celebra- 
tions (10). 

8 Swung the lead when dever 
chap put off departure (10). 

11 Reminiscence concerning 
the Wallace affair ( 12). 

13 Hell - protection money to 
dish out (10). 

14 Charon's aim could be a- 
drink of cherries (10). 

16 Usher in institute (9). 

21 Shilling off tax, leaving cop- 

22 Bait for line on river (4). 

23 Places for several games (4). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,175 


1 Nothing in an old King 
that's flashy (4). 

2 Difficult situation, upsetting 
for feeble people (4). 

3 On which one carries the 
can (9J). 

Concise Crossword 

’ (3(3id33i=! 

a h ■ h b b a h n 

L10SIB210E i'aBHSlB@[5 
a ra ra b s h - m h 
iaSGBSa •113r3l5£®|§! 

6 n SB @ H 
.'jnasnsES . 'ammm 
a a ss ,,o e e 
ansir tennsnnEra 
: e a a m s n 

k g ■ ra n ra n_s n 
feanraspinB iisaagHE 
nuns S s 

harder to handle. “Five years 
ago you could walk into even a 
junior school here and get 
kicked on the ankle because of 
your job. It has taken a lot of 
solid police work to get even 
the kids to listen. But with all 
talking on this 'hard estate 
today — it's not an estate, it's 
become one family.” 

It is a family often incoher- 
ent with rage. In The Hiker’s 
Rest dealer Ken Parker waved 
a tattered sheet on which 

residents and businessmen 
had already pledged close to 
£10,000 to a reward fond. 

“The money is going to be 
ready to go to the person who 
points this bastard oul We 
give money because it's all we 
can do. Someone knows him. 
Money talks and money 
makes people speak out. Sus- 
picion, one family against 
another, is already tearing the 
place apart." 

All about him were nods of 

appro vaL The corrosive im- 
potence of men made passive 
by unemployment and un- 

^cause%r\real rage and no- 
one yet identified on whom to 
vent h. And in their wilder 
talk of lynching was the 
wearying recognition that this 
was unreality too. That the 
stranger with sweets whom 
they pray will turn out to be a 
stranger and not a neighbour, 
nor a friend or a son, will be 

taken by painstaking police 
work and absurdly polite po- 
lice officers. 

Somewhere on quiet estates 
of police homes along the 
Downs there are at least 58 
officers who went to bed last 
night asking themselves “was 
there anything, anything more 
I should have said? " Like PC 
Mac they wonder how do you 
get it across to innocents that 
“Strangers with sweets don't 
have green faces or fangs. 

Eyes of a dragon fit for the Queen 

.Continued from page 1 
between the United Kingdom 
and the People’s Republic of 
China are closer than they 
have ever been. This owes 
much to the settlement 
worked out between us for the 
future of Hong Kong. Both 
our countries are committed 
to doing everything possible to 
maintain Hong Kong’s conti- 
nued stability and prosperity," 
die said. 

President U said the 
Queen's visit was “an im- 
portant milestone in the an- 
nals ofSino-British relations," 
a phrase he had used earlier in 
the day when he and the 
Queen met for informal talks. 

The Queen's principal gift 
to the President was Royal 
Society scholarships to allow 
Chinese scientists to study in 
Britain. She received an em- 

broidered portrait of herself; a 
bronze replica of a chariot 
from the Terracotta Army at 
Xian and a drawing of a giant 

welcome song, “the beautiful 
flowers of friendship 

The square was decorated 
with a billowing sea of red 
fla g s , and a handful of Union 
Jacks. A crowd had gathered 
in the main boulevard beyond 


Among the guests presented 
to her last night was Mr Deng 
Pufang, son of the Chinese 
leader Mr Deng Xiaoping, 
whom she will meet today. Mr 
Deng Junior is confined to a 
wheelchair after bring thrown 
out of a window at Peking 
University by Red Guards 
during the cultural revolution. 

Earlier in the day the Queen 
attended her official ceremony 
of welcome in Tienanmen, the 
world’s largest square,' from 
which the curious public was 
barred while die listened to 
the National Anthem, in- 
spected a guard of honour and 
watched a group of school- . 
children dance and sing the 

country by the Prince and 
Princess of Wales. 

the square in the hope of 
catching a glimpse of the 
Queen’s-28-car motorcade. 

She entered the Great Hall 
of the People to talk to 
President Li in a reception 
room deep among a labyrinth 
of vast, empty and echoing 
marble corridors. 

The Queen sat nervously on 
the edge of her seat listening to 
the interpreter and fumbling 
in her handbag for her glasses, 
while Mr Li sprawled in his 
armchair, sipped tea, laughed 
and talked of Churchill and a 
possible future visit to his 

But some of them had no 
idea what it was all about An 
old 'unshaven man outside the 
Hall of Complete Harmony 
buttonholed a British tele- 
vision cameraman in the man- j 
ner of the Ancient Mariner. , 
“Who,” be asked in halting 
but insistent English, “is that 
woman in the red coat?" 


The Duchess of Kent, Patron, 
the Scottish Society for Mentally 
Handicapped Children, opens 
the Rymonth Hostel, St An- 
drews, 12 noon; and Eater visits j 
the St Andrews Memorial Ho®- j 
phal Outpatient department. 

TV top ten 

National top ton television pt u j amm es in 
the week anting October 5 : 


Exhibitions in progress 
Scunthorpe 50 Years a Bor- 
ough: Scunthorpe Museum & 
Art Gallery, Oswald Road; Mon 
to Sat 10 to 5, Sun 2 to 5 (ends 
Dec 31). 

Five Years with The Face*; 
Tally Ho!: sporting paintings 
from North-east collections; 
Aberdeen Art Gallery. 
Schoolhill; Mon to Sat 10 to 5, 
Thins 10 to 8, Sun 2 to 5 (ends 
Nov IX - 


Concert by Queen Elizabeth's 
Hospital Pupils; St George’s 
Brandon HUI. Bristol, 7.30. 

Organ recital by Peter Wright, 
Bristol Cathedral, 1.15. 

Concert by Northern Cham- 
ber Orchestra; Municipal Hall, 
Albert Road. Colne, 7 JO. 

St Alban’s Festival, Bir- 1 
minghanr Organ recital by 
James Lancelot, 1.10; Concert 

BBC 1 

1 East&tferc {Tuas/Sui) 2255m 

2 FintF n rinra (IlM»/Sun) 21 OOm 
a Only Foots and Horses l&80m 

4 Open Ml Horn 1440m 

5 In Sickness and m Health 1350m 

6 Howards Way 12.75m 

7 ever Decreasing Ortas 1240m 
S Brush Strokes 11 45m 

9 The Rues Abbot Show 11 .30m 
10 Antal Squad 1340m 

1 Coronation Street (Mon) Granada 

2 Coronation Street (Toes) Granada 

3 Bind Dele LWT 13.15m 

4 Crossr oa ds flues) Central 11.55m 

5 Copy Cats LWT 1130m 

6 3*1 Yorkshire 1140m 

7 Crossroads (Wed) GenM 11.10m 

8 Crossroads (Thura) Central 11.10m 
8 Men of the Dragon UV (exetoding 

Central Scottandfll.lOm 
10 Emmardale Farm (Tubs] Yorkshire 

The Midlands; Ml: Contra- 
flow between junctions 27 and 
28 (Heanor and Mansfield); 
allow for delays. Ml: Contra - 1 
flow between junctions 22 and 
23 (A5Q and LoughborongbX 
A449: Contraflow at HartJe- 
bury. between Worcester and 
Kidderminster. _ 

Wales and West: M4k Contra- 
flow between junctions 15 and 
17 (Swindon and Cirencester). 
A30: Two sets of roadworks 
between Bodmin and Boiventor 
at Lords Waste and Hawks. 
A55: Roadworks . on Bodel- 
wyddan bypass on Abergele to 
St Asaph road, Clwyd. 

The North: A1 (MX Restric- 

Troughs of low pressure 
over die NW will move 
SE through the UK ex- 
cept SE England during 
the day. 

6 am f)0 midnig ht 

lions at Cassop Grange Bridge, 
Co Durham; delays possible. 

by Fine Arts Brass Ensemble 8; 
Church of St Albans and St 
Patrick. Conybere St, Bfr- 

Concert by Lubeck Boys’ 
Choir. Cathedral and Abbey 
Church of Si Alban. St Albans, 
Herts, 7.45. 

Concert by the Scottish Na- 
tional Orchestra; Music Hall, 
Aberdeen, 730. 

Talks, lectures 
EW. Godwin and the Aes- 
thetic Movement, by Miss Eliza- 
beth Aslin; Wills Memorial 
Building, Bristol University, 
5. IS. 

Chemistry is Fun. by 
Dr. J.H. Holloway and Dr. 
J.B. Raynor, Rattray Lecture 
Theatre. Leicester University, 


In the Footsteps of Scott, 
Antarctic Expedition 1984/86, 
by Robert Swam Victoria Hall, 
Grs ;e-OTer-Sauds, Cumbria, 



Book Fair. St Marti n-cum- 
Gregory Church, Mickkgate, 
York, today until Sat 10.30 to 


Cheltenham Festival of Lit- 
erature: The Fiction Magazine - 
birth and growth, by Judy 

1 The Paul Daniels Magic Show &20m 

2 Naked Video 8.15m 

3 Mas Smith end Jones 540m 

4 LovBtew 4 -90m 

5 How To MunJerYowWHe 4.85m 

6 MASH 4.35m 

7 The Naum Worid 4.20m 

8 The Kara® KSers 3.75m 

9 QaTOanera’ World 3.60m 

10 Star Trek 3.45m 

1 Broofcstte Mon/SaQ 825m 

2 Brookstte tTuusySaq &iom 

3 The Ghost Breakers 4.85m 

4 The Cosby Show 4.15m 

5 SL Besewtnre 355m 

6 Gotten Gels 3JJ0m 

7 A What fi’s Vltortti Z80m 

Co Durham; delays possible. 
M53: Repairs at Btdston Moss 
viaduct between junctions 1 and 
2 on Merseyside. A19: Recon- 
struction work north bound on 
Thirsk bypass; allow for delays. 

Scotland: A8: Resurfacing 
work in Haymarkei Terrace. 
Edinburgh; citybound conges- 
tion likely. A75: Resurfacing E 
of Crocketfbrd, Kirkcudbright; 
allow extra time for journey. 
A74; Two way traffic shares 
southbound carriageway near 
Lockerbie on Carlisle to Glas- 
gow road. 

Information supplied by AA 

London, SE, central S, E, SW, 
contra! N England, East AngBa, 
Midlands, Channel Islands: Mostly 
cloudy, mist and tog clearing slowly, 
rain or drizzle in piacss; wind S 
becoming W fight; max temp 18C 

<6 Wales, NW, NE England, Lake 
District Rather cloudy, occasional 
rain or drizzle, becoming mainly dry 
later, bright or sunny intervals 

developing; wind SW Baht or mod- 
erate; max tamp 16C (6 IF) 
isle of Man, SW Scotland, ©as- 

hhhi ^«u|4pi«| IBiJklHiilAa DnltiAr 

9 pw, WfliuHi rnynsams: nouiur 
cloudy, occasional rain, becoming 
mainly dry with sunny intervals; 
wind S becoming S W mod erate or 
fresh: max temp 14C (57H. 

l , r , r irnl.^nrah , 1 ■ ■ 

dwwmIs Wi l MMi UUHOrQ, 

Aberdeen, Moray Rrim A fittle rain 
at first becoming mainly dry, bright 
or sunny intervals developing; wind 

: Afittle rain 

S becoming SW moderate or fresh; 
max temp 15C (59F). 

The pound 

max temp 15C (59F). 

HE Scottand, Orkney, Shettand: 
Occasional rate, becoming brighter 
with showers; wind S moderate 
becoming SW fresh or strong; max 
temp 12C (54F). 

Aigyfi, NW Scotta n d, Northern 
Ireland: Occasional rain at first 
soon becoming brighter with show- 
ers; wind SW moderate becoming 
fresh or strong; max temp 14C 

Outlook for tomorrow and Thurs- 
day: Mainly dry in the S with 
overnight fog; rather cloudy in the N 
with some rate or showers; Neer' 
normal temperatures. 

8 I n te rnat io n al Snoofcor [Wed) 2JSm 

9 Yield To the Night 2-Rxn 

9 Yield To the 
1 10 Gardeners' 1 

B wdfan telBri rt oac The average 
weekly figures lor audiences at peak 
timae (mwi figures m parenthesis 
showing the ream - the number of people 
whodewed for at least three mfcues): 
BBCIi Bnaekfast Tim Mon to Frt 
1.4m (7 JSm) 

TV-ant Good Morning Britain Mon to Fti 
22m (farm) Set 3.0m (7.0ml 

Sun 2-0m 

Broadcasters' Audienoe Research Board. 

ni verity. Rest wines 

Alisha Ssfi 
Denmark Kr 
Franca FT 
Oar many Pm 
Greece Dr 
Hong KangS 
[rated Pt 
Italy Urn 
Japan Yen 
H U i et ted a O 
Norway Kr 
Portugal Esc 

In a blind lasting of 52 
Gorman and Alsace Riesling 

wines the highest mark went to: 

Winkder Honigberg Riesling 
Ka hi nett 1983, Hans Krayer. 
sold by H. Allen Smith (01-637 
0387). £4.10. 

Second, and with the highest 
mark for Alsace, was Salis- 
bury's Alsace Riesling 1983. 
Bennwihr Co-operative. J.' 
Sainsbury (01-921 6000), £2.99. 

Also recommended, as ex- 
cellent value were: 

Riesling Clos St l-andelin 
1983, A & O Mure, Westover 
Wines of Reigate (0306- 
888746). £6.90: Eltviller 
Soanenberg Riesling Kabiaett 
1983, Jacob Fischer Erben, 
O.W. Loeb (01 -928 7750). £5.62; 
Oddener Gefsbeig Riesling 
Kibinett 1983, Friedrich- 
Wilhelm-Gymnasium. Victoria 
Wine Company (04862-5066), 
£4.75: Serriger Antoniusberg 
Riesling Kabinett 1983, Bert 
Simon. Unwins (0322-72711). 

Source: October 1986. 

Cooke, 1 1; Poetry today: Wendy 
Cope and diver Reynolds, 
1230; Michael Meyer on Ibsen 
today, 230; Everyman Theatre, 
Cheltenham. Glos. 


Births: James n (reigned 
1685-88). London. 1633; Wil- 
liam Penn, Quaker, founder of 
Commonwealth of PennsyW 
vannia, London. 1644; Eamon 
De Valera. President of the 
Republic of Ireland 1959-73. 
New York. 1882; Dwight Eisen- 
hower. 34th President (1953-61) 
of the USA. Denison. Texas, 
j 1890. 

Deaths: Dame Edith Evans. 
C ran brook, Kent. 1976: Bing 
Crosby, near Madrid. 1977. 




Letter from Everest 

Climbers unlucky 
for the third time 

When it came, ibe ava- 
lanche thundered from the 
I North-East Rktec of Mount 
i Everest. A WjjyW} 

: mile long and 3,000ft htgh 
i broke free with a violent 
! crack and slid into the east 
RongbukgtmCT.jamP^ 1 ^ 
across it with high clouds of 
powder snow and a low 
tongue of devouring ice. 

The shock wave coludea 
with the Wall of Cbangwc 
more than a mile away on the 
opposite side of the semi- 
circle of mountains, trigger- 
ing smaller avalanches 
around the North CoL 
Tire 18 British climbers 
attempting the ridge had 
already withdrawn to the 
safety of advance base an 
hour earlier, anticipating an 
onslaught from the unstable 
snow. They have between 
them about 400 years experi- 
ence of belligerent moun- 

another soul-destroying 
trudge through wrist-deep 

Even so. (he North-Easi 
Ridge of Everest is a fine 

objective. Soaring like a huge 
blade in a straight litre from 
zhe glacier to the summit 
Two expeditions, both Brit- 
ish, tried unsuccessfully to 
climb it and two of Britain's 
best mountaineers, Mr Peter 
Boardman and Mr Joe 
Tasker, died on the pinnacles, 
spires of ice-covered rock that 
rise just before the junction of 
the north and north-east 

The present expedition has 
reached a high point of 
25.500 fcet just short of the 
site of its third camp which 
wifi be the launch point for 
ihe assault on the pinnacles. 

Mr Joe Brown, a British 
mountaineer, said that every- 
thing would depend on tire 
condition of the snow and 
using oxygen sets. 

The climbers have now 
lifted enough food, climbing 
gear and oxygen cylinders 
onto the ridge -to sustain a 
summit bid once a bridge- 
head has been established 
beyond the pinnacles. 

What they desperately 
need are a few calm da ys free 
of soft snow in the two weeks 
remaining before tire yaks 
and lorries are due to amvc 
to dear the mountain and 
before the Himalayan winter 
descends with temperatures 
and wind strengths that make 
mountaineering impossible. 

But in that wizard's kitchen 
that determines the weather 
on Everest, nothing is certain. 
Traditionally there is a spell 
of good conditions. lasting ap 
to two weeks, after the mon- 
soon has finished and before 
.the winter clamps down. 

But instead the dimbera 
have endured three severe 
storms that forced retreat and 
covered Everest with more 
that eight fret of fresh snow in 
one month. 

Winter is creeping into 
base camp with a vengeance, 
covering the moraine with 
fresh snow and turning the 
river to ice. 

Morale remains good on 
the mountain, but the climb- 
ers have now spent more than 
two months working hard at 
high altitude which has re- 
duced many of them to slim 
versions of their former 

On Friday six dimbers 
returned to the ridge to set up 
camp aware. that both time 
and strength are running out 

Ronald Faux 


The high camp on the tip of 
the east Rongbuk Moraine, 
the traditional launching 
point for attempts on Everest 
from the north, proved once 
again to be safe from the 
reach of the avalanche al- 
though the small huddle of 
tents were lashed by the 

Earlier, the lead dimbers. 
fixing ropes along the lip of 
the ndge where the cornices 
of wind-blown snow over- 
hung the Kangshung free of 
Everest, felt the deep, fresh 
layers become more unstable. 

Mr Peter Long, a mountain 

guide and roofing contractor 
from Edinburgh, said: “The 
under surface creaked and 
felt very unstable. I looked 
round and wished just at that 
moment 1 was somewhere 
rise. 1 was really quite 

For the third time in less 
than a month the British 
expedition to the undimbed 
North-East Ridge was forced 
to retreat before an approach- 
ing storm that brought down 
the entire mountain wall 
across their route. 

The last storm confined the 
climbers in their tents for 50 
hours. It dumped nearly four 
feet of fresh snow on their 
route, buried their pains- 
takingly fixed ropes and filled 
m their tracks along the ridge. 

Mr Brummie Stokes, the 
leader of the Sdigmann Har- 
ris Mount Everest 1986 Ex- 
pedition, said: It puts us back 
to where we were nearly a 
month ago. We can only hope 
that high winds will strip 
away this new fell and allow 
us to move fester along the 
ridge, otherwise it will be 

It was largely a day of 
sightseeing for the Queen. She 
walked through the Forbidden 
City, from the Gate of Su- 
preme Harmony to the Gate 
of Heavenly Purity; dressed in 
a brilliant red coat the colour < 
of Chinese lacquer. Passers-by j 
flocked to see her, smiled 
broadly, took her picture, and ! 
awarded her polite ripples of ! 

Weather EE 
forecast m 

TODAY AmM b 4 wm m t ffl B ww . MONTS Warm 



J8 wr 

High Tides 

Awwo u Hi 










Mtw aky: bc-Mue sky am cloud; c- Stmrateu 

£ Sooftaraplon 

nail: mist -mist: r-mu: mbuw: 

ha ll:, mist -mi st: r-reta: a-anow: n>- 
thondentorm; Mhowvrs. Ba*0 

Arrows, show wind airecUom. wind T**» 

circled. Temperature Wnton-an-Nzft 9.49 3.6 10.32 

oentw ra d c . Thtt nmaaund In matm: 1re^28l 

Around Britain 


aridfin gto * 



Smites: Sun sets: 
752 am 5.10 pm 



Sun Rain 
hrs In 
7J& - 

H. 4 . 

4* - 

31! ■ 

I . 1 

IS .02 

Moonaatto Moonitoc*: 
2S8am 523 pm 
Full moort October 17 



Rate tor amrii oenorote a te bank note 
only as suppfiad by Barclays Bank PLC. 

Lighting-np time 

London: The FT index dosed up 100 at 

London R40 pm lo &S4 am 
Bristol 6S0 pm to 7 M am 

Bristol and jxn to 7M am 
EdHugh 546 pm to 7.13 am 
Manchester &4o pm te 7.05 am 
IHmanca 7.04 pm to 7.14 aril 



W e ym o ut h 








C F 

T4 57 simy 

14 57 sunny 

15 58 ckxxfr 
15 68 bright 
15 59 cloudy 
15 59 bright 
17 03 briarit 

15 59 duff 

16 Gi sunny 

16 61 bright 


■a oa Gvoudy 

17 68 stony 
15 53 (tel 
14 57 dull 
13 55 Cloudy 

13 55 douriy 

14 57 doudy 

15 59 dull 
lo 61 sunny 
17 63 

16 61 doudy 




M o re ce mh e 

Bristol (CM) 
Canter (CbQ 
Spool Mrpt 

Sun Ram 
hrs in 

6.6 . 

£L3 - 

1.8 - 
2J3 - 




Stornow ay 





18 55 sunny 

16 81 oumy 

15 59 sunny 
17/ S3 ctes# 

14 57 bright 

13 55 tog 

12 5* cloudy 

15 61 surety 

14 57 sunny 

14 57 wany 

15 55 wg ’ 
is as sunny 

16 61 sunny 
15 59 «uuy 
15 59 wreiy 

13 65 any 
13 S6 Ihowwr 

12 64 bright 

13 55 doudy 

14 57 bright 
14 57 sunny 


Pwnl your 

Ado mese towttwr to determine 
your weekly Portfolio total. 

as at. midday yesterday: c, 
r: r, ran; s. suil 

C F C F 

c J457 Guernsey a 1661 
c 1254 Inverness a 1457 
c 1457 Jersey 3 1966 

Thera w Sund ay's Agree 

. Abroad 

sbdday. c, d, QriBie; f. fain (g. fog: r. rain; a, sun; an, anew, t, thuntW- 

Aj accio a 27 81 Colon* C P 
Motet S 25 77 (Tatum! 

c 1356 Mteheter c 1559 

auimm or a share or the prtze money 
staled for that week, and must claim 

Btet m rgft T1457 Naweasde c 1355 
Gtegoer s1355 Rtetoway a 1457 

« sisesss vHsss: 

*8^?" tPSlSSte r 1? ^ K.... c K 77 a Ifl fli 

fSSem 5 16 G d 2SL* f S r 20 68 Santiago- C 27 81 

SSoT fHTaspSF 

your prize as insmxied betour. 

Trtaptem The Timo'poitJooo ■ 

'toS I Our address 

Parliament today 


vow must have your card with you 
when woo Mrpflone. 

If you are unable lo trtenhone 
someone else can claim on your behalf 
Put tney mat have your card and call 
The Times Portfolio claims line 
between the mutilated nines. 

inrormauon for ineJuuon In The 
Times Information serv ice should be 
, sent to. The Editor. TT1S. The Timm. 
PO B^7. I Virginia Street. LoriSSt, 

t 22 72 Fan) I 21 7D Mton 
S 25 77 Ute 
J |§ §§ Pnaldurt a 18 61 Mean 
I 23 73 Functe* f 21 70 StoS 

s 1? MfWtefct 9 M 57 K 

Bumtri a’ a 28 82 HoagK 

“ate*? e 20 $6 trwErch 

No pespraadWity ran be accepted 
tor failure lo contact, me mum office 
tor any reason wrtlun the slated 

The above Instructions arc v- 
pucazxo to both data t an u weew 
dividend claims. 

Lords (2.30): Financial Ser- 
vices Bill, report stage. 

_ Untiled or l Virginia street 

Bmaeto s 18 54 
Btxfent s 17 63 

5 » E«* 

s 22 72 istente 
s 17 $3 Jaddafl 

c IS 58 State* 
1 22 72 Natali 
a 14 57 Haste 
s 28 82 NDaM 



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. . 

Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 

stock market " 

FT 30 Share 
1275.4 (+10.0) 

FT-SE 100 
1612.3 (+12.9) 



iS(^ a,n) 


US Dollar 

1.4340 (+0.0005) 

W German mark 
2.8372 (-0.0090) 
67.5 (-0.1) 



Close Bros 

Cose Brothers, the mer- 
chant bank and investment 
group, added to its portfolio ot 
specialized financial busi- 
nesses yesterday by acquiring 
• Air and General Finance, a 
company involved in the 
financing of medium-sized 

The initial consideration is 
£3.3 million in cash but two' 
further payments in the form 
of loan notes amounting to 
£550,000 each will be made on 
the condition that profits of 
£540,000 and £768,000 are 
made for the years ending July 
1987 and July 1988. On this 
basis the exit p/e ratio is 
between 8 and 10 times. 

Mr Roderick Kent manag- 
ing director of Cose Brothers, 
said yesterday; “We have 
known the company for some 
time as its owner, Mr Victor 
Cannock, is one of our bank- 
ing clients. It fulfils the 
crilerea we set down for 

Bryant issue 

Bryant Holdings, the house- 
building, property and' 
contracting .company, is to 
raise £1 7.4 million by way of a 
one-for-four rights issue. Pre- 
tax profits for the year to May 
31 were up 15.8 per cent to 
£13.5 million on turnover up 
30 per cent to £157 million. 
The dividend was raised 12 
per cent to 3. 7p per share. 

Tempos, page 25 

Low buys 

Low & Bonar has acquired 
50 percent of the shares in the 
German company. Rhein- 
Conii, and its French subsid- 
iary. Anna, both moulding 
companies, for £1.7 million. 
There is an option to acquire 
the outstanding shares. 

Issue success 

The Interlink Express share 
issue was subscribed 2.75 
times. Applications for 200 
shares were allotted m full, 
and the allocation scales down 
to 35 per cent for more than 
1.000 shares. There is a maxi- 
mum allocation of 190.000 

Printer sold 

Best wood has exchanged 
contracts, subject to share- 
holders' approval for the sale 
of its printing subsidiary John 
Brown (Printers) to a con- 
sortium led by its managing 
director, Mr Jack Bakewell. 
for £1 70.000 plus £230,000 to 
fund repayment of inter-com- 
pany loans. 

Offer talks 

Sandhurst Marketing is in 
talks which may lead to an 
offer being made for the 
company’s share capital. 

Co News 22 
Ornament 23 
Wall Street 24 
Mow) Mrfcts 24 
Forerun Exch 24 
Traded Opts 24 

Stock Market 25 
Tempos 25 
Unit Trusts 26 
Commodities 26 
USM Prices 26 
Share Prices 27 




Industrial costs 
leap because of 
slide in pound 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

The slide in the pound 
pushed industry’s costs 
sharply higher last month. 
Manufacturing industry’s raw 
material and fud costs 
jumped by 1.7 percent. 

But there was good news for 
the Government on prices at 
the factory gate. In the 12 
months to September, pro- 
ducer output prices rose by 
just 4.4 per cent, the slowest 
pace since 1972. The 12- 
month rises for the previous 
three months have been re- 
vised downwards — to show 
4.4per cent rises. 

The strong rise in indusriy's 
costs last month was a direct 
result of the pound's weak- 
ness. it fell by 0.9 per cent 

X ' ist the dollar last month, 
a 1.5 per cent drop in 

The sterling index fell by 3-6 
per cent in August and by 1.4 
per cent in September. Since 
then sterling's fell has accel- 
erated although yesterday cur- 
rencies were generally steady 
with the US markets quiet 

because of the Columbus Day 
holiday. . 

The pound was steady yes- 
terday at $1.4340, but it 
dropped by 1-4 pfennigs to 
DM2.8372 — near its record 
low. The sterling index slipped 
from 67.6 at the dose on 
Friday to 67.5. 

The money markets in 
London were subdued in ad- 
vance of the Chancellor’s 
speech at the Mansion House 
on Thursday. The three- 
month inter-oank rate closed 
at 10% per cent. • 

The 1.7 per cent rise in 
industry’s raw material and 
fuel costs last month followed 
a 0.7 per cent rise, on un- 
adjusted figures, in August In 
both cases sterling’s fell was 
the dominant factor. 

A firming of commodity 
prices, including petroleum 
products, also contributed to 
the increase in costs. 

The Government is un- 
likely to be over-concerned at 
this stage about the rise in 
industry’s costs. As a result of 



the earlier sharp fell in oil 
prices, the index of industry’s 
costs last month was still 7.4 
per cent down on the 
corresponding month. In Au- 
gust costs were 9 per cent 
lower than a year earlier. 

However, the initial bene- 
fits ofiower oil prices will now 
begin to pass through the 
recorded inflation indices. In 
March, for example, 
industry's costs were 1 1.1 per 
cent lower than a year earlier. 

Industry’s output prices 
rose by 0.3 per cent last 
month, after a 02 per cent rise 
in August and a 0.1 per cent 
increase in July. 

Thus, although the 12 
month rate of output infla- 
tion, 4.4 per cent, was 
encouraging, there are indica- 
tions that prices are edging 

Retail price figures, due on 
Friday, are expected to show 
an upturn in the inflation rate 
from 2.4 per cent in August to 
about 3 per cent last month. 

In Paris the French Govern- 
ment gave a warning about an 
upturn in inflation, with the 
September retail price index, 
due to be published on Mon- 
day, officially expected to 
have shown a rise of between 
03 and 0.4 per cent compared 
with the 0.1 per cent increase 
in August. 

In Germany the Federal 
Statistics Office announced a 
0.6 per cent rise in wholesale 
prices for last month, the first 
monthly increase since 
November. Prices were still 
8.1 per cent lower than a year 

new role 

By Richard Thomson 
Baalmig Correspondent 

Wall Street was puzzled 
yesterday by the weekend 
appointment of Mr Tom 
Clausen, former bead of the 
World as chairman and 
chief executive of 
BankAmerica Corporation, 
the troubled United States 
banking giant, after Mr Sam 
Armaoost resigned last week. 

Tom Clausen: “chief 
architect of problems” 

Mr Armacost resigned as 
criticism mounted over his 
inability to control the bank's 
bad debts, now well over £1 
billion. But BankAmerica's 
shares remained virtually un- 
changed at about S14tt 

Mr Clausen is widely re- 
garded as the chief architect of 
BankAmerica's problems by 
following an aggressive and 
misguided lending policy dur- 
ing his previous tenure as 
chairman during the 1970s- 

Tbe view yesterday was that 
Mr Clausen was only under- 
taking a very short-term rote 
as a caretaker, possibly as a 
prelude to BankAmerica ag- 
reeing to the bid made last 
week by First Interstate Bank, 

market summary 


Dow Jones .... — 1794.85 (+1.68)* 

Nikkei Dow ..... 17338.73 (-31130) 
Hong Kong: 

Anwter*™: Gen — |74.4(-2.8j 

Sydney: AO 13383 (+8.0) 


Commerzbank — 1977.7 (-2&S) 

3eneral — 

Pans: CAC 388.7 (+1.8) 

Zurich: . 

SKA General — , V a 

London dosing pricesPafleZ? 



Bank Base: 10% 

3-month Interbank 

3-month eligible bdte:l0‘ , ifl-10 a ia% 
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Brant (Nov.) 
■Denotes latest 


TSB flotation may 
face investigation 

By Richard Thomson 

The Government may face 
further e m b ar rassment over 
the TSB because of an in- 
vestigation planned by the 
National Audit Office into 
whether the £13 billion flota- 
tion was a sale of state assets. 

The NAO is considering the 
need to examine the subject- U 
an investigation is made, the 
NAO will report to Par- 
liament The NAO is an 
independent, civil service 
body responsible ibr certifying 
government accounts. It also 
investigates the use of re- 
sources by government - 

The need fo r an investiga- 
tion into the TSB flotation 
stems from a ruling last Au- 
gust by Lord Tempieman that 
the bank belonged to the state. 
This contradicted the govern- 
ment view that no one owned 
the bank. 

Although the Tempieman 

ruling was interpreted by 
many, to mean that the. Gov- 
ernment was selling a public 
company without keeping the 
proceeds itselC the Treasury 
decided to go ahead 

All proceeds from the share 
issue have gone to the bank 
and not the Government If 
the NAO found that it had 
been a sale of state assets, the 
Government would face 
charges of giving away £1.5 
billion of taxpay ers* m oney. 

Meanwhile, TSB shares 
continued to decline yes- 

Stockbrokers reported a 
moderate level of private- 
investor selling which forced 
the price down to about 82p. 
But each lime this happened, 
institutional investors stepped 
in to buy and pushed the price 
up again. The shares closed at 

'■% x’vv#'. 




Mr John Hafl, Geordie builder and centre’s originator 

£200m shopping 
landmark opens 

The Metro Centre, the £200 
million out-of-town retail and 
leisure development near 
Newcastle upon Tyne, which 
when complete is expected to 
rate among the top 10 in the 
world, with more than 200 
shops, was opened yesterday 
by Mr Nicholas Ridley, Sec- 
retary of State for the 

Two more phases are still to 
come, the first adding a farther 
90 simps and some leisure 
developments while the other 
will bring hotels, a water 
sports lake and a do it yourself 
shopping complex. 

Metro Centre, half as big 
again as the Milton Keynes 
shopping mall, includes the 
first out-of-town stores for two 
of Britain’s biggest retailers, 
the Hone of Fraser depart- 
ment store group and Marks 
and Spencer. 

The Marks store, with 
94JJOO sq ft, is at one end of 
the half mile-long mall, at the 
other is a Carrefour 

The pivotal store is the 
House of Fraser outlet built at 
a cost of £11 milfioo on two 
floors featuring extra wide 
walkways and elaborate ceil- 
ing detail and li ghfog- There 
are two restaurants and a 
supervised activity centre for 

Ami it is flie first store in the 
group to trade as House of 
raser and this style will now 

he echoed progressively 
thro ugh the chain. 

It is the first British 
commission for the New York 
designer, Mr Andre RneUan, 
who has aimed to bring a 
flavour of Macy’s and 
Bloomhigdales to Britain. 

The next store to open after 
getting the new treatment will 
be the Barkers of Kensington 
store in Loudon, where 
refurbishment is costing £10 

Arnottsin Glasgow is being 
refurbished at a cost of £6 
million and will be among the 
earlier revamps to be 

At yesterday’s Metro 
Centre opening Mr Brian 
Walsh, chief executive of fire 
House of Fraser, said: **1116 
store reflects all that is good 
for the cus tom er, the mer- 
chandise is easily seen, 
colourful and logically laid oat 
and the whole ambience re- 
flects pleasant shopping.” 

He paid tribute to the vision 
of Mr John Hall of Cameron 
Hall Developments, the devel- 
opers, in creating the Metro 

Mr Hall is a Geordie 
builder and says the Metro 
Centre, built on 100 acres of 
former British Coal brad sooth 
of the Tyne, has been designed 
by North East people for 
North East people. 

He has more, but not quite 
so large, developments 
planned for Middles brongh, 
Exeter and the Midlands. 

City throws out 
£150m scheme 
for Spitalfields 

By Judith Huntley, Commercial Property Com^pondent 

The City of London Corp- 
oration, owner of the Spit- 
alfields Market on the east 
side of the Square Mile, has 
rejected the £150 million offer 
by the Spitalfields Develop- 
ment Group, the consortium 
of London & Edinburgh Trust 
and Balfour Beany, to develop 
the market with 1.3 million sq 
ft of offices. • 

The City's Policy and Re- 
sources Committee is 
recommending that the Court 
of Common Council reject the 
developer's offer and put the 
14-acre site out to lender. 

Other contenders for Spit- 
alfields are Rosehaugh Stan- 
hope, developer of the 3 
million sq ft office develop- 
ment next to Liverpool Street 
Station, and C H Beazer. 

Mr Peter Rigby, the chair- 
man of the Policy and Re- 
sources Committee, said last 
night: “The SDG offer was so 
hedged around with con- 
ditions that it was difficult to 
tell what it would mean in net 
financial terms to the Corp- 

“It was simply a speculative 
offer based on being given 
planning permission for the 
site from the London borough 
of Tower Hamlets. 

“There is a vast discrepancy 
between that council’s plan- 
ning brief for the market site, 
which splits into 45 per cent 
offices and 55 per cent 
residential and the SDG plan 
which covers 85 per cent of the 
site with offices.” 

Mr Rigby also described 

SOG^ £150 million offer as 
misleading as this was the top- 
line figure. By the time the 
costs of creating a new market 
elsewhere and interest charges 
on the Bishopsgale frontage to 
the site, owned by SDG, were 
deducted, the Corporation 
would not see any returns for 
its land, he said. 

The SDG was hoping the 
necessary Bill to move the 
Spitalfields market would go 
before Parliament next 
month. Bui the City Corpora- 
tion is not prepared to do this 
and it will be a year before a 
Bill goes before Parliament. 

SDG is offering a site in east 
London to the Spitalfields* 
traders for a new market 
Rosehaugh Stanhope has sug- 
gested an alternative location. 

The City Corporation, how- 
ever, said yesterday that while 
the possibility of moving the 
traders had not been ruled out 
time was needed for devel- 
opers to agree the planning 
position with Tower Hamlets 
and for the corporation to 
reach agreement with its ten- 
ants and other interested 

SDG has always maintained 
its scheme was not specu- 
lative. Salomon Brothers, the 
American finance house, was 
named as the prospective 
tenant for most of the offices 
at Spitalfields — one of the few 
sites on the City's hinges able 
to meet the need for large 
offices resulting from Big 

Opec meets to cover 
cracks on quotas 

From David Young. Geneva 

Opec ministers last night 
reassembled in full ministerial 
session after a week of 
committee meetings in an 
effort to reach an agreement 
which will do as much to 
restore their own credibility as 
it will to restore the world oil 
price to their target of $ 1 7- 1 9 a 

A radical new quota system 
has been suggested by the 
various Opec committees but 
it has yet to clear the hurdle of 
full ministerial approval 
Ministers are still making 
confident noises but they 
know that the world oil mar- 
ket expects dear signs within 
the next 24 hours that they are 
working to maintain the 
present comparative stability 
in the oil markets. 

Dr Maria Saeed A1 Otoiba, 
the United Arab Emirates oil 
minister, said yesterday that 
he was hopeful that a new 
agreement would emerge 

However, Sheikh AH 
Khalifa, the Kuwait oil min- 
ister, is still asking for his 
country’s output quota to be 

A possible way of making 
any new agreement palatable 
. to Kuwait has been suggested. 
It would mean Kuwait keep- 
ing its present output quota 
but being allowed to increase 
sales to its customers by 
drawing from substantial 
stocks it holds at its oil 

• The last round of Opec 
production cuts solved 99 per 
cent of the problems of the 
world oil market, the oil 
minister of non-Opcc Oman 
said yesieday. 

In an interview with the 
Arabic daily Oman. Said bin - 
Ahmed al-Shanfari said 
Opec’s temporary quota 
agreement had stabilized 
prices at about $15 a barrel up 
from the single figures before 
the accord andthat the agree- 
ment had restored optimism 
for stable market prices, 
benefitting Opec. non-Opec 
producers and consumers. 

He said non-Opec produc- 
ers bad a part to play in the 
success of the Opec quota 
system and that the present 
price stability had been helped 
by their co-operation in 
cutting production. 

Avis Europe forecasts 
29% rise in profits 

By Alexandra Jackson 

The pathfinder prospectus 
for Avis Europe, which was 
published yesterday, forecasts 
pretax profits of not less than 
£33 million for the year to 
February 1987. This repre- 
sents a 29 per cent increase on 
the 1985-86 figure of £25.5 

Mr Aiun Cathcart, -the 
group's managing director, 
said yesterday that “1986-87 
will be a very good year for 
Avis Europe. It will be the first 
year for some time which is 
entirely free of restructuring 

Avis Europe is seeking a 
listing on the London Stock 
Exchange later this month 
through an offer for subscrip- 
tion of new and existing 
shares. This will be sponsored 
and underwritten by Morgan 
Grenfell Holdings. The mar- 
ket capitalization of Avis 
Europe after flotation will be 

in the region of £270 million. 

Avis Europe is made up of 
the US company Avis Inc’s 
interests in Europe, the Mid- 
dle East and Africa. Its turn- 
over in 1985-86 was £197 
million. This is forecast to rise 
to at least £225 million. 

Avis Europe is expected to 
raise about £30 million of new 
money, half of which will be 
used to pay the US parent 
company for trade mark and 
system licences. After the 
flotation. Avis Inc is expected 
to retain about a third of the 

Avis Europe is active in the 
field of fleet leasing and 
mangement as well as its car 
rental operation. Within the 
car rental market where the 
group is believed to have an 
18 per cent market share, the 
share of the airport market is 
thought to be 32 per cent 

Tempos, page 25 

Lead and zinc 
prices highest 
for 17 months 

Lead and zinc prices both 
touched 17-month highs on 
the London Metal Exchange 
yesterday as the bullish tone 
was underlined by figures 
showing sharp withdrawals of 
both metals from -LME ware- 
houses during the past week. 

Lead for three months 
delivery reached £312 a tonne 
at one stage — a rise of £30 
over the past six trading days 
— while zinc jumped by £12 to 
£628, although both metals 
fell tack before the close. 

The fell in LME stocks was 
particularly significant for 
zinc, leaving just 21,125 
tonnes in warehouses, the 
lowest figure for 11 years. 

Apart from a strong supply- 
demand picture, traders say 
prices have also responded to 
the possibility of renewed 
industrial unrest at Broken 
Hill mines. 

Futures and options, page 23 

End of a golden era looms 

The Welsh gold mine whose 
precious metal has adorned 
the fingers of six royal brides 
may end its days as just 
another stop on the Snowdonia 
tourist trail . 

Shareholders in Gogan 
Gold Mines yesterday voted 
by an overwhelming majority 
to accept the board's proposals 
for effective control ei the 
company to pass to Mr Lee 
Tee, an Anstralmo- 
Malayasisun millionaire. 

Mr Lee gp 4 his associates 
bring with them the leases 
over two speculative gold min- 
ing prospects in Nevada. In 
return they wffl have a major- 
ity holding in Ctogan and with 
it a quotation on the Unlisted 
Sechrities Market. 

According to Mr ESQ Fos- 

By Richard Lander 

sick, Oogau's chairman, the 
Nevada leases offer the chance 
of a prosperous future — 
sosietfimg die Gogan mine 
itself amid not 

When mining re-opened 
there m 1983, there were 
hopes of extracting five otmees 
of gold a day. But just 40 
oances have since been hewn 
from the Welsh ground and 
the company's losses swelled 
to £1.1 million last year. 

Mr Fossick wifl now look at 
ing the possibility of giving ft a 
new lease of. life as a tourist 

“Fust of all we'd have to get 
permission from the Crown 
Estate Commissioners, who 
lease it to us for raining, and 
there may be pfenning prob- 

lems with the Snowdonia Na- 
tional Park,” he said. 

The first royal hand to be 
adorned by Clogan gold was 
that of the Queen Mother in 
1923. The same nugget also 
provided enough gold for the 
Qnee®, Princess 
Princess Anne and the 
cess of Wales. 

Fears that the Royal Family 
mfeht have to turn to another 
source of gold - perhaps even 
South Africa - for future 
weddings were allayed in 1981 
when the British Legion pre- 
sented the Queen with another 
36-gram bar of Gogan gold. 

This provided the material 
for the Duchess of York's ring 
earlier this year and should be 
enough for another two brides, 
according to Budrimhain 



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5 t 

Coalite bid 

target to 
lift payout 

By Richard Lander 

Hargreaves Group, the fuel. 

transport and quarrying firm, 
s forecast 

I? S 


has forecast a 21 per cent 
dividend increase this year as 
its latest defence tactic against 
a £77 million takeover offer 
from Coalite. 

The forecast coincided with 
an announcement from 
Coalite which said it had 
received acceptances for 1.1 
per cent of Hargreaves shares 
at last Friday's first closing 
date to add to the 4.6 per cent 
it already owns. The offer has 
been extended to November 2. 

Hargreaves said it should be 
able to pay shareholders divi- 
dends or 7p in the year ending 
next March 31, compared 
with the 5.5p paid test 
ear.AIthough Hargreaves’ 
nancial year is past the half- 
way mark, it declined to make 
a profit forecast. However, the 
company said the outlook was 

Although it 1ms received 
approaches from other parties 
since the Coalite bid was 
launched, Hargreaves wants 
to fight its predator unaided. 

Hargreaves closed 3p higher 
at 258p yesterday while the 
Coalite offer of £6 cash and 
one share for every four 
Hargreaves shares values its 
target at 216p. 

RTZ reduces 

mining stake 

Rio Tinto-Zinc. the min- 
erals, industrial and energy 
group, has reduced its stake in 
CRA, the Australian mining 
company, from 52-3 per cent 
to 49 per cent by selling a large 
block of shares for Aus$ 122.8 
million (£543 million). 

RTZ sold the 16.4 million 
CRA shares to Australian 
Mutual Provident, a life assur- 
ance group, for Aus$730 each. 

The move will have im- 
portant effects on RTZ’s 
financial statements. 

CRA will in future be 
treated as an associate rather 
than a subsidiary, so that its 
debt will be removed from 
RTZ's balance sheet. 

This would reduce RTZ's 
gearing from 64 percent to 45 

The exclusion of RTZ’s 
share of CRA’s depreciation 
figure will also increase its net 
earning by aboui £17 million 
a year. 

The sale completes an 
“AustralianizatiorT process 
agreed in 1978 with die Can- 
berra government. 

CBI demands £5bn 

programme of 
building projects 

By Edward Townsend 

Industrial Correspondent 

Britain’s employers yes- 
terday embarked on their 
third major attempt to con- 
vince the Government to 
spend up to £! billion a year 
over the next five years on big 
job-creating building and civil 
engineering projects. 

In advance of the autumn 
financial statement from Mr 
Nigel Lawson, the Chancellor, 
the Confederation of British 
Industry — under pressure 
from its members, particularly 
those in the north - has sent 
the Treasury a detailed analy- 
sis of its proposed spending 

The CBI has told Mr 
Lawson its plans do, not 
jeopardize restrictions on pub- 
lic expenditure and, more 
importantly, do not on the 
lace of it imply any increase in 

Sir Terence Beckett, the 

CBTs director-general, said 

yesterday: “Increased spend- 
ing on communications, cou- 
pled with a big drive to clean 
up and restore inner city areas, 
as well as renewal, of the 
nation's ageing network of 
water mains and sewers, is 
needed to meet the economy's 
changing needs and to lake us 
into the 1990s.” 

In broad terms the CBI 
wants the Government to 
commit itself to annual spend- 
ing of £250 million on roads, 
£300 million on urban re- 
newal, £300 million on hous- 
ing and £50 million on sewers 
and water mains. 

Sir Terence said: “The CBI 
believes capital spending of 
this kind can be financed 
largely from savings in gov- 
ernment current spending and 
accommodated within the 
Government's existing finan- 
cial strategy. 

“We want to see the work 
pressed ahead to help to 
improve die competitiveness 
of trade and industry. For it is 
only by improving their 
competitiveness that firms 
can create real and lasting new 

The latest CBI salvo on 
infrastructure spending re- 
flects growing concern among 
members about the north- 
south divide in Britain. 

In a politically-charged at- 
mosphere, with the next Gen- 
eral Election on most MPs’ 
minds, the CBI message also 

Sir Terence Beckett, director 
press conference yesterday 

of die CBI, at the 
iOtograph: Dod MOlar). 

indicates industry's thinking 
in preparation for the CBI 

Budget presentation. 

This presentation,to be 
lodged with the Chancellor 
early in the new year, is certain 
to state business priorities 
beyond the short term in the 
hope that full, long-term 
advantage can be taken of 
lower oil prices and more 
buoyant world trade. 

Mr David Nickson, presi- 
dent of the CBL says in a 
foreword to the new report. 
Fabric of the Nation 111. 
Building a Better Britain: 
“Unless the Government 
takes the initiative now on 
certain capital projects we 
shall have lost our chance and 
slip further behind in the 
competitiveness league.” 

Since the publication of the 
CBPs last report on infrastruc- 
ture in November 1985, the 
Government has agreed to a 
second Severn bridge, the 
Channel tunnel, a third cross- 
ing of the Thames at Dartfoid 
and the completion of the 

The CBI now wants £250 
million a year spent oh a new 
list of more than 1 00 road 
schemes, including the widen- 
ing of the M25, improvements 
to the M2 and M20 and to the 
A69 Newcastie-Car lisle route 

and the A30 Exeter-Penzance 
road. It also calls for rapid 
approval of a new Thames 
bridge at Reading and the east 
London river bridge. 

Money spent in inner cities, 
says the CBI, should include 
£100 million a year on 
estab lishing urban develop- 
ment agencies and a further 
£200 million a year on funding 
urban development grams 
and derelict land grants. 

It urges that more money 
should be made available for 
the building improvement 
programme to provide jobs 
for the long-term unemp- 

The CBI says that, in line 
with its support of the 
Government's drive to reduce 
inflation and the need to curb 
interest rates, its proposals fell 
well within the terms of the 
Government's medium-term 
financial strategy. 

The report says that better 
procurement policies and im- 
proved efficiency in the public 
sector could go a long way to 
funding additional expen- 
diture. There could also be 
sales of under utilized assets, 
greater use of perfonnance- 
related pay and improved co- 
operation between the public 
and private sectors. 


New board 
faces at 


Thom EMI High Street 
Electronics: Mr Brian Coe 
ta ke s over as managing direc- 
tor of Radio Rentals. Mr John 
Bamsey becomes managing 
director of DER. Mr Graham 
Houghton-Brown is made 
managing director of TV and 
Video Centres. 

Credit Suisse First Boston: 
Mr David Batten joins as an 
executive director. 

Warner Holidays: Mr Rob- 
ert Mackenzie is promoted to 
marketing director. Mr Bob 
Daykia becomes sales direc- 
tor. Mr Bob Greenfield takes 
over as marketing director of 
Mecca ■ Leisure Group's 
entertainment and catering 

Institute of Personnel Man- 
agement Mr Michael Pitfield 
is made assistant director, 

ESAB Group (UK): Mr 
Peter - Dodd becomes sales 
director. Mr Nefi Dobson is 
appointed managing director 
of ESAB Gas Equipment 

Charles Barker Gty: Mr 
David Dale joins as an asso- 
ciate director. 

Financial iQ: Mr John 
Baron is made an executive 

Novo Industri A/S: Mr Ulf 
Horsing takes over as vice- 
president, personnel. 

C Howard & Partners: Mr 
Jeffrey Williams becomes 
group managing director. 

Baring. Securities: Mr 
James G W Reed is made a 
director. Mr Richard Katz and 
Mr Steven Webb become 
assistant directors. 

ANZ Finance: Mr Rotamd 
Isfaemood becomes chairman 
and Mr Pieter M Jones chief 
executive. Mr Colin Gordon 
becomes chief executive of 
ANZ Humberclyde. Mr 
Mervyn Savage is made chief 
executive of ANZ Industrial 

Legal and General: Mr John 
Elbourne becomes managing 
director of Life and Pensions. 
Mr Brian Palmer takes over as 
managing director. General 
Insurance. Mr Ted Tilly be- 
comes manag in g director. 
International. Mr John 
Craddock is appointed direc- 
tor, agency, and Mr Chris 
Hairs is made director of 
finance and actuary. Mr Colm 
Harris becomes director, life, 
and Mr Chris Hatty takes 
over as director of pensions. 
Mr Mike Jarvis is promoted 
to director, information sys- 
tems, and Mr Michael KJdner 
becomes director, financial 

1986 could be a record 
year for snirit sales 

Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

, This year looks likely to be 
Lthe best for sales 6 f spirits 
since 1979 despite flagging 
demand earlier this year, 
according to the Wine and 
Spirit Association. And it xs 
possible there may be record 

But imported spirits, par- 
ticularly cognac brandy, are 
doing best. Their volume sales 
in June were 5.3 per cent up, 
judged on the basis of moving 
annual totals, while home- 
produced spirits like whisky, 
gin and vodka were up by 4.1 

The market share of the 
imported spirits, including 
rum. brandies and liqueurs, 
stood at 233 per cent in 1985, 
and this has increased to 23.4 

Mr Nick Gent, the assoc- 
iation's chairman, said: “The 
Christmas buying period is 
already under way and con- 
sumers appear to be relaxed 
about spending. The signs are 
set fair for a sales record to be 
set by the end of this year.” 

If there are record sales in 

1986 it would only be by a 
small margin compared with 
1979. the previous peak year 

for sales, Mr Gent said. 

Increased consumption ot 
liqueurs and lower-sirengtn 
spirits were among the 
changes having an impact on 
overall spirits sales, and the 
trend was likely to be at .its 

strongest during the pwk sate 

up to Christmas and the new 
year, he added. . . 

By fer the biggest increase m 

demand has been for cognac 
where the moving annual total 
in June, the latest month lor 
which returns are available, 
giowed a rise of 14.1 percent. 
Other brandies were up by 4.6 
per cent and rum by 5.3 per 
cent Other spirits, including 
liqueurs, rose by just under i 

percent . . 

Scotch whisky, whurh ac- 
counts fix’ just under half oi 
the spirits market, had a 
volume safes rise of 43 per 
cent On gin there was no 
change on the moving annual 
total although other figures 
sii gyst a jump of just over 14 

percent in volume safes in the 

second quarter of this year. 

Other home-produced spir- 
its. including vodka which 
tends to be or lower alcoholic 
strength than standard brands 
of whisky and gin, were up by 
7.7 per cent 

Comparisons of the fits 
half of this year with the same 
period last year show all spim 
sales down in volume by Zs 
per cent Imported varieties 
were down by 0.4 per cent and 
home-produced spirits by 3.L 

But in the second quart?, 
on annual comparison, these 
were increases not only in gfe 
sales but in those of cognac 
(up 133 per cent), other 
brandies (8.3 per cent) and 
rum (1,9 per cent). 

Earlier analyses have shown 
that sate of table wiws 
continue to improve although 
at a slower pace than a year 
ago. Fortified wines like pun 
and sherry are having a more 
difficult time. Beer sate m 
■barely holding their own al- 
though an increasing amount 
of lager is being drunk. 


• TRIPLEVEST: Results for 
the six months to August 31 in 
£000. Interim dividend 6.S66p 
(5.69 ip), payable October 31. 
Franked investment income 
1.842 (1.573). Un franked 
investment income — dividends 
142 (185); interest 55 (nil). 
Deposit.* interest 252 (430). 
Underwriting and other 
commissions 213 (48). Gross 
income 2,504 (2J237). Expenses 
and interest 241 (220). Net 
revenue before tax 2363 
(2,01 7). Tax 687 (652). Earnings 
per share 6-566p (5.691 p). Net 
asset value per capital share 

Zinc Finance, a wholly owned 

t riiuuH*, , 

subsidiary of RTZ, has launched 
IwFrl 65 million (£70 mil- 

Results for the half year to June 
28. Interim 2.75p (same). Fig- 
ures in £000: turnover 17.572 
(17,055). Contribution to profit: 
advance materials loss 36 (148 
profit), electrical insulation 635 
(418), coaled and uncoated en- 
gineering fabrics 617 (847). 
Share of profit of associated 
companies 125 (76). Interest 
charge 128 (87). Pretax profit 

1.113 (1,402). Tax 408 (547V 
Extraordinary debt 130 (nil). 

Earnings per share S.6I (6.82pj. 

HOLDINGS: The company has 
appointed Mr Geoffrey 
Waterworth. former senior en- 
gineer in General Motors, to 
head a new subsidiary in On- 
tario. Canada, to be staffed by 
up to 100 design engineers. The 
company expects to invest a 
further £3 million in computer 
aided design and structural 
analysis hardware in the next 
five years. 

3 SwFrl m ■■■■ -- l— _ 

lion). 10 -year bond issue with 
equity warrants attached. The 
bonds with warrants will be 
issued at par and carry a coupon 
of 4)6 per cent a year. 

company's American division 
has acquired Kenco Industries, 
in Georgia, with sales in the 
present year of around 57 
million (£4.8 million), forS10.5 
million cash. 

months to June 30 (compari- 
sons restated). Figures in £000. 
Turnover 1 0309 (6332). Profit 
before tax 324 (247), tax 121.5 
(102) and earnings per share 

The company has agreed terms 
for the purchase of R Morgan, 
funeral directors. Sedgley. West 
Midlands, for a consideration of 

dividend 3.9p making 5.4p 
(5.25p) for the year to July 7. 
Figures in £000. Turnover 
30.749 (27.772). trading profit 
1.161 (1.022). interest payable 
44 1 (425 adjusted), pretax profit 
720 (597 adjusted) and earnings 

,j d eanungs 

per share 1 1 p (6.3p a djuste d). 


ICS: Half-year to July 31. 
Figures in £000. Interim divi- 

dend 1.3p 
December 5. 


lover 45,407 

(41,973), pretax profit 10,089 
( 9 , 474 ), tax 3,699 (3.9S0) and 
earnings per share 5p (4.4pV 

GROUP: Six months to June 1 
30. (Figures in £000). Interim i 
dividend Ip (same), payable on 1 
December 3. Turnover 22,859 j 
(19.526), operating profit 1.166 

( 1 ,064). profit before tax 86! 1 

(765). tax 299 (267) and earn- j 
mgs per share 2.33p(2.16p). ; . \ 

INGS: Interim dividend 025p 
(0.25p) for the six months to 
June 30. payable November ]7. 
Sales £3,570.030 (£2,984276). 
Pretax profit £70; 904 
(£148.148). No tax (tulVEarn- 
ings per share 1.06p (2~22p). 
Safes are up by 20 percent and 
demand continues to be 

NATIONAL: Rothmans and 
Philip Morris have agreed to 
amalgamate Rothmans of PfcU 
Mali, a subsidiary of Rothmans 
Inc and Benson and Hedges 
(Canada) Inc. a subsidiary of 
Philip Morris, to form a new 
company called Rothmans, 
Benson and Hedges Inc. 
Rothmans will hold 60 per cent 
of the shares of the amal- 
gamated company, with the 
balance held by Philip Monte 

Figures in £000 for the half yew 
to June 30. Turnover 14.5W 
(21348). Pretax profit 2.141 
(1.688). Tax 520(666). Earnings 
per share I4.6p (9.2pL 

ures in R000 for the quarter 
ending September 30. Sales and 
other revenue 47,977 (51,743). 
Pretax profit 11323 (13.828). 
Tax 4346^7374). Capital 

expenditure 231 5 (1.284). 


Phillips & Drew Moulsdale Ltd, our Fixed 
Interest Division within the Group, is a 
market making entity with a dedicated capital of 
£25 million. 

That's an important point which satisfies 
the Bank ofEngland. But at least as important to 
our clients and customers is our talented and 
dedicated stafFof over 100 - including 25 traders 
and 40 salesmen. 

Together they add up to a clear indication 
of our determination to stay the course, and build 
yet further on our existing high reputation in gilts. 

The Fixed Interest Division acts as a prin- 
cipal in all fixed interest markets except foreign 
currency holdings and futures and options, where 
we act as agents. 

Either way, you will notice that you areable 
to deal much more quickly than under the present 
system - perhaps the single most important 
change that we see happening on 27th October: 

The people to contact are John Lewis and 
John Woolfenden, at 120 Moorgate, London 
EC2M6XP (01-628 4444). 

Branch office Tithebam House, Tithebam 
Street Liverpool L2 2PG (051-227 5571). 


The two parts of our Corporate Services 
Division provide a full range ofheipand advice to 
company clients. Where a transaction has an 
international dimension, we can call upon the 
global strength of our parent. Union Bank of 

Phillips & Drew Corporate Finance advises 
on and arranges flotations, rights and other issues, 
and mergers and acquisitions for public 
companies. Our corporate client list has more 
than doubled in the last three years and now 
indudes 101 companies: in that time we have 
handled 42 new issues and over a hundred 
capital raising operations. 

Phillips & Drew Projects and Financial 
Management provides companies with a wide 
range of advice covering financial and treasury 
management, project finance, property services 
and the money markets. We are specialists in the - 
new sterling commercial paper market. 

Phillips & Drew Corporate Services has a 
combined team of more than 60 people. On 
Corporate Finance matters please speak to Martin 
Gibbs: for Projects and Financial Management 
your contact is Geoffrey Redman-Brown. 

Both are at 120, Moorgate, London EC2M 
6XP. (01-628 4444). 



Phillips & Drew Trading has been live as a 
jobberfbr nearly six months. As of2 7th October, it 
moves in-house tobecomepart ofPhiffips&Drew 
Securities Ltd with aii equities team of about 200. 

We have designed our activities to relate to 
the professional institutional investor 

To that end, the Equ ities Division consists of 
the prindpal and agency business transacted in 
UK and overseas shares, and also includes world- 
wide company research. 

Our intention on UK equities is to cover all 
alpha and most beta stocks, so that we offer a 
waterfront coverage of market making which 
reflects our comprehensive coverage of equity 
sales and research. 

Your contact is Dr Paul Neild at 
120 Moorgate, London EC2M 6XP (01-628 4444). 


Phillips & Drew Fund Management has 
£7 billion ofassets under discretionary oradvisory 
management, making us one of the UK’s largest 
fund management groups. 

In addition to UK pension funds in both the 
public and private sectors, we are increasingly 
involved in managing insurance, corporate and 
special local authority funds. 

Alongside this, Phillips & Drew Develop- 
ment Capiral manages a large fund in unquoted 
securities, and is itself one of the largest providers 
of unquoted equity capital in the UK. 

The Division employs 80 people, of whom 
30 are fund managers and four dealers. 

The person to contact is Keith Percy at 
Mercury House, Triton Court, 14 Finsbury Square, 
London EC2A 1BR (01-628 6070). 


Phillips & Drew Investment Services 
embraces the Group’s considerable UK and over- 
seas private client business - including Phillips & 
Drew Trust, our licenced deposit taking arm; and 
Share Service, our no-frills dealing service. 

Our private client service, by contrast to the 
latter; offersa considerablearray of ‘frills’Forwhile 
setting an example in our adoption of computer 
technology, we have always insisted on main- 
taining a persona] touch with our private clients. 

These services range from discretionary or 
advisory services to owners of large portfolios, to 
a management service for unit and investment 
trust-based portfolios. 

Peter Harrison is the person to contact at 
Mercury House, Triton Court, 14 Finsbury Square 
London EC2A 1PD (01-628 4444). 

administration- THF 


x/f_ .i- . , 

Many clients and customers are finding it 
reassuring to know that we regard our Support 
Division as vitally important, and have amply 
funded it to ensure the best standards of service. 

In addition to such matters as Finance, 
Conmiunications and Settlement, the Division 
also includes our Economic Research Unit - 16 
strong, and offering a unique combination of a 
quality micro and macro service 

We believe that both time and information 
are money -andaim to offer clients and customers 

of any division of Phillips & Drew the fcstest and 
best-informed service available. 

Phillips & Drew 

A member of Union Bank ofSwitzeriand Group 



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in the market 

^ A buy or 
a sell 
:but never 
: : a hold? 

A faint air gf ihe absurd 
: xlings to the present sterling 

■ '•SLT«f^ rt ^ amus *« 

.-shades of Monsieur HuIoL 

- R^pccied City economists 
solemnly opine that bank base 

~£L* es JT usl rise. Sterling feifa. 
JT^^Tiancellor does nottung. 

* - Yel *5 a wder context the 

• ^Chancellor is behaving quite 

- ra^o^Ily. taking advantage of 
; structural changes in theCity 

which give him unexpected to manoeuvre; The 
Young Turks in the City risk 
Jooking very out-dated, and 
,iusia inflc ohcien regime, 
i Classically, the gilts market, 
J«ke any other bond market is 
. . a covenant between the Gov- 

- .^ernment as borrower, and the 

City, which puts up thecash to 
fund the Public Sector 
Borrowing Requirement Un- 
like equities, where sharehold- 
ers have influence over the 
Pxjard, bondholders have only 

- • . pledge from Government 

v -that real returns on stock will 
Vbe respected — or altered, as 
-the case may be. 

;Key gapges 

. Measuring gauges exist to 
monitor whether these pledges 
are being kept. Government 
■‘releases a constant stream of 
^economic indicators. Fun- 
‘‘damen tally, buyers of govern- 
ment stock exchange money 
^against the warranty of the 
•information supplied to them. 
., This casbrindex relation- 
ship appears to have broken 
down completely. Official 
data is now widely dis- 
believed. Data is revised up- 
"wards or downwards at win. 
■ : The interest in last week's 
/banking September money 
'■ -supply out-turn was not so 
. '-much the broad money 
^growth rate, but, rather, bow 
the authorities would succeed 
■.jn adjusting the data to arrive 
at the required number. 

But confusion over official 
, data gives the . Chancellor 
- some leeway, because the 
market is predisposed to be- 
'Tieve what it is told. Changes 
‘ in the physical structure of tbe 
■market increase this 

In a relatively elusive way, 
the gilts market's traditional 
. esprit de corps amounted to 
supporting the cashdndex 
relationship. The dose per- 
. . sonal nature of the trading 
“floor, the frequent presence of 
the Government Broker, and 
1 -the Bank of England's insis- 
' tence on certain standards of 
behaviour meant that drift 
from statistical reality could 
not continue indefinitely. 

Big Bang 

But Big Bang, now im- 
minent. has dispersed the 
familiar critical mass of talent 
in the market Old relation- 
ships have been broken up, 
and new alignments are still 
developing; In future, a large 
body of information, pres- 
ently freely available to die 
market through the trading 
floor, will simply cease to 
exist as the switch to a screens 
market accelerates. The po- 
sition of Whitehall and the 
Bank as monopoly suppliers 
of information, as well as 
credit will be strengthened. 

Bereft of the old lodestars, 
the City takes its bearings 
increasingly from the main 
cash variables - bond yields, 
money rates and the exchange 
rate. Here again, the Chan- 
cellor has got lucky. The 
context is international, and 
self-stabilizing dements exist 
within these markets irrespec- 
tive of the fundamentals. In- 
stitutional limits exist to curb 
monumental bear positions. 
Traders are afraid to be caught 
short, and they cover. 

In the mindless void of the 
new market, sterling can foil, 
dragging the gilts market 
down, or it can rise, pushing 
gilts suddenly better. 

Analysts’ logic 

The battle between the 

1 L Chancellor and the analysts of 

*1 } the Square Mile concerns 
I I definitions. The analysts insist 

I L that financial structure cannot 
“T survive without plainly per- 
ceived limit points which, 
once attained, require a policy 
■*1* adjustment. Rates have to nse 

j if sterling falls too for. 

^ j But the Chancellor appears 
^ 3 to be insisting that this con- 
/ > ccpt of limit points is illusonr. 
J s So far he has set no target for 
X sterling: allowed money mar- 
ket rates to stray ,100 basis 
*. points above their natural 

limit: and seen gilt yields nse 
some 200 basis points. He is in 
the process or imposing a new 
algebra on the markets. 

The Chancellor may or may 
not succeed. A two point nse 
in base rates equals ailure, a 
one point increase means an 
a wav draw - still a good 
result.- But as the struggle 
continues one factor stands 
out as seminal. . . 

The concept of limit points 
in the financial structure was 
very closely linked to the idea 
of a trading range. But the 
trading range appears lo have 
been swept away completely 
as the market moves rapidly 
from one absolutelevd of 
yield to another. Perhaps tne 
new market will be either a 
[ J\>Buv or a Sell, but never a 
J JS Hold. ^ 

^ Christopher Dunn 

Official intervention on the foreign exchanges 

Central banks buy time but 
they cannot buck the trend 


[ COMMENT Kenneth Fleetl 

Standard Chartered 
Bank in a comer 

By Dand Smith 

Economics Corr espondent 

Cenna] bank intervention in 
the foreign exchange markets 
has become the flavour of the 
month. The pound has been 
helped from complete disaster 
by some solid support from 
both the Bank of England and 
tbe Bundesbank. 

The dollar has been pre- 
vented from foiling too for 
since the inconclusive Group 
of Five meeting in Wash- 
ington at the end of last 
month. This has been ach- 
ieved through intervention by 
the central banks of Europe 
and Japan and, perhaps more 
importantly, by tbe threat of 
that intervention. 

Herr Karl Otto Poehl. the 
president of the Bundesbank, 
is to visit Downing Street next 
week, doubtless with some 
timely words for the Prime 
Minister about the virtues of 
intervention when set in tbe 
more formal framework of the 
European Monetary System. 

There has been a definite 
change in attitudes on central 
bank intervention. Even the 
Chancellor, Mr Nigel Lawson, 
who was dismissive of inter- 
vention on the “throwing 
good money after bad" view, 
has become a fin. 

So. after 13 years of wildly 
volatile floating exchange 
rates, has the secret of cur- 
rency stabilization been dis- 
covered? Can the leading 
economies fix their currencies 
simply by saying that they 
want to do so, and indulging 
in a little modest intervention 

It would be comforting if- 
this were so. But unfortu- 
nately it does not appear to be 
the case. Recent central bank 
intervention has to be looked 
at in context, beginning last 

In February I98S, with tbe 
dollar at the heady heights of 
3.45 against the mark, and the 
pound dose to unity against 
the US currency, there was a 
significant bout of official 

The dollar was pushed 
down by concerted and 

Hie secret of 
success Is 
to ‘lean with 
the wind’ . 

powerful central bank sales of 
dollars. The exercise, led by 
the Bundesbank, included 
large and small European 
central banks, the Bank of 
Japan and tbe Federal Reserve 
Bank of New York, the US 
Treasury's agent in the foreign 
exchange markets. Some $1.5 
billion was spent in acouple of 

It was highly successful In 
two hours, the dollar fell from 
DM3.45 to DM 3.27, a drop of 
5 per cent. The pound recov- 
ered from $1.04 to $1.10. ■ 

There were two elements in 
the Febniary 1985 interven- 
tion which contributed to its 
success The first was that all 
the major countries not only 
agreed with the intervention 
but took part in it 

The second key dement was 
the timing of the intervention. 
At any time during January 

DM tog 


I , * l * 11 I I I I I I I I I TO 


How the bankers 
move markets 

How do central banks inter- 
vene in tbe foreign exchange 
markets? The Bank of En- 
gland has two broad methods, 
one open and the other slightly 
more subtle. 

When it wishes to intervene 
openly, tbe Bank contacts a 
currency broker and instructs 
the brokers to buy or sell 
sterling at a certain rate. 

The broker, in concluding a 
deal at this rate with a bank, is 
then permitted to disclose that 
the lfe»wlt of En gland is his 
dieat. In this way, word gets 
round the market 

When the Bank wants to 
keep its moves secret it will 
nse a number of banks to boy 
or sell in their own name bat 
on foe Bank of England's 

Each contract is a secret one 
and tbe Bank can call on a 

and February last year, tbe big 
central banks could have 
moved in to try to hit the 
dollar. Tbe strike, when it did 
lake place at the end of the 
February, was successful be- 
cause. by that time, the mar- 
kets themselves had decided 
that the dollar had peaked. 

The secret of successful 
intervention is therefore to. 
“lean with the wind,” in the 
language of the 1983 Jur- 
gensen report on currency 
intervention, submitted to the 
world economic summit in 
Williamsburg. Virginia, that 

Indeed, hitting a currency 
when it is already filling is the 
only way that official inter- 
vention can succeed for any 
length of time. 

With net foreign exchange 
turnover in London equiva- 
lent to $90 billion a day, and 
worldwide. $200 billion daily, 
the $1.5 billion spent in a 
single day to push the dollar 
down in February last year 
would nave been swam pal if 
it had been moving against tbe 

The intervention story then 
moves on to September last 
year, and the historic agree- 
ment at the Plaza Hotel in 
New York. 

On September 22. sum- 
moned by the US Treasury 
Secretary, Mr James Baker, 
tbe Group of Five agreed that 
a further orderly appreciation 
of other currencies against the 
dollar was desirable, and that, 
to achieve this, further con- 


Commodities clearing house 
faces up to 1990s challenge 

After cruising along for 
many years in stately fashion, 
the good ship International 
Commodities Clearing House 

Is about Co be taken into dry 
dock for a thorough Inspec- 
tion. Should it be deemed 
necessary, the finer may be 
stripped down and refitted and 
even undergo a ch a nge of 

The ICCH, like many other 
qnasi-monopolistic service 
companies, has found its func- 
tions and financial efficiency 
have come undo- increasingly 
close scrutiny from owners and 
customers in the mid-1980s. 

Its proprietors, in the form 
of six leading British ba n ks, 
want to make sure they get an 
adequate return on their 
investments. The clients, who 
number the major futures and 
options markets in London, 

Europe, Asia and Australasia 

and their mem bos, want theft 
trades executed, cleared and 
guaranteed in the most efficent 

Fashion and at the lowest 
possible cost _ 

The past year has s een a 
subtle increase in the pressure 
exerted on the ICCH to shape 
up for tbe next decade. Much 
of this has come from the 
exchang es which have bad to 
review theft own strategies, 
either because they were los- 
ing market share — as in the 
case of the sugar, cocoa and 
coffee markets belonging to 
tbe London Commodity Ex- 
change (LCE) - or, in tbe case 
of the London International 
financial Futures Exchange 
(Uffe), because they were 
expanding rapidly from a 
small base ~ and required a 
greater and (aster service from 
the ICCH. 

The. exchanges id tarn have 

Bleed a stronger lobbying voice 
from their members who have 

tended to trade more across a 
number of markets instead of 
specializing in a single group 
of commodities. 

While H became known that 
Uffe had been talking to other 
possible clearing organizat- 
ions, sack as tbe American 
Options Clearing Corpora- 
tion, the LCE put enough 
pressmeon ICCH to obtain an 
almost 50 per cent redaction in 
clearing charges which took 
effect at the be ginning of this 

Charges to the clearing 
members of exchanges now 
range between 7%p to 15p a lot 
compared with. 30p six years 
ago (and the equivalent of 
42 Wp in 1953 when the ICCH 
cleared for the gentlemen trad- 
ers of the wool and cocoa 
markets), a trend that has 
eaten into the organization's 
profits despite tbe increasing 
use of computers in its 

Against this background, 
the executives of the ICCH 
turned on tbe spotlight of self- 
criticism earlier this year to 
construct a strategic plan for 
the 1990s. 

To help carry this oat, they 
have- a new non-executive 
chairman in the shape of Mr 
John Barkshire. the head of 
the Mercantile House finan- 
cial services group, and a 
i»»Hing light in tiie establish- 
ment of Uffe four years ago. 

Mr Barkshire has wasted 
little tune in setting up an 
advisory committee of repre- 
sentatives from six major cus- 
tomer exchanges to draw up a 
blueprint for roe next decade. 

The ICCH that emerges 

from the committee's delibera- 
tions — which are to be 
paralleled by an outside study 
— might well be a new model 

The brief is wide and in- 
cludes tbe possible separation | 
of its clearing ami guarantee 
functions and the transfer of 
ownership to the exchanges 
who would -ran it on a non- 
profit basis. 

Whether this latter pro- 
posal is acted upon or not, the 
ICCH wants to emerge as a 
body more responsive to the 
wishes of those who pay its 
way. The committee hopes to 
draw op some concrete plans j 
by early next year. 

Such is the state of flux in 
tbe markets it serves, the 
ICCH will have tittle opportu- 
nity for a second chance to get 
things right 

Late* this month, it will 
start servicing its first major , 
international link, when Uffe 
and the Sydney Futures Ex- 
change br eak out the cham- 
pagne on a fungible US 
Treasury Bond furores con- 

Next year it will have to 
cope with a range of traded 
Options aw tracts on tbe LCE 
aS well as an important new 
customer, the London Metal 
Exchange, which has been 
dragged to tbe clearing system 
altar by the Securities and 
Investments Board. 

To draw up a plan in tbe 
best interests of those two 
markets, the ICClTs other 
members and its banking own- 
ers wEU have Mr Barkshire 
struggling to disprove the 
adage that it is impossible to 
please all tbe people, all the 

Richard Lander 

network of 30-40 banks to 
avoid the suspicion that could 
arise if indmdoal transactions 
were too large. 

Other central banks use 
slightly different methods. 
Tbe Bundesbank, for example, 
may simply ring around the 
dealing desks of banks 
requesting quotes. It may or 
may not deal at the price 
offered, bat often tbe mere fact 
that tbe central bank is inquir- 
ing about prices is enough to 
create nervousness and tbe 
desired short-term currency 
move in tbe market. 

In tbe European Monetary 
System, central banks who 
intervene in support of cur- 
rencies other than their own 
will be refunded tbe cost of 
their support by tbe coontry 
concerned within a few 

certed intervention in the 
markets would be used. 

The effect of ibis announce- 
ment was. if anything, even 
more dramatic than the actual 
intervention in February. The 
dollar fell by 12 pfennigs 
against the mark and by 5 
cents against sterling, without 
any of the major countries 
having to dip into their 

The Plaza Agreement again 
fitted the’ requirements for 
successful intervention. There 
was dearly agreement among 
the participants on the correct 
course 'for the dollar and 
intervention, when n was 
subsequently used, leaned 
with the wind. 

In feci. Plaza has turned out 
to be less about intervention 
than monetary policy, with 
the Federal Reserve Board, 
under the chairmanship of Mr 
Paul Volcker. cutting the US 
discount rate to help the dollar 
down this year. 

This brings us to the 
present. There has been heavy 
intervention in the markets in 
the past few weeks. The Bank 
of England, with the proceeds 
of a $4 UDion floating rate 
note bolstering the reserves, 
has been supporting the 
pound more openly and for a 
longer period than for many 

The Bundesbank, the Bank 
of Japan and other central 
banks have been trying to 
preserve the dollar’s value at 
about two marks and above 
150 against the yen. 

There are good reasons. 

however, for thinking that, in 
the absence of other measures, 
current intervention in the 
foreign exchange markets will 
prove futile. 

The Bank of England's sup- 
port for the pound, which 
began in earnest last month, 
has foiled to prevent sterling 
from sliding. The sterling 
index, which stood at 71 at the 
beginning of September, was 
67.5 yesterday, a foil of 5 per 

Support for the pound may 
have bought time but the 
evidence, again from the 
Jurgensen report, is that inter- 
vention against trend - lean- 
ing against the wind — only 
works as a prelude to a policy 
change, such as entry into the 
European Monetary System 
or raising of interest rates. 

According to David Morri- 
son. currency economist at the 
broke rGoldman Sachs: "It has 

been tbe case through the 
floating rate era that central 
bank intervention of the lean- 
ing against the wind type has 
not reversed fundamental 

This is still the official 
British view. 

The Bank of England, in 
evidence to the Jurgensen 
working party, said : "Inter- 
vention is in any event un- 
likely to have any substantial 
or long lasting impact on the 
exchange rate unless com- 
bined with policy changes. 
And in practice the pursuit of 
exchange rate stability will 
rarely be the only aim of 
national authorities. 

“They will have other, pos- 
sibly conflicting, aims — a 
reflection of the many in- 
terests that have to be bal- 
anced within government 
policy. There may often, for 
example, be a choice between 
instability in the exchange rate 
and in domestic interest 

Tbe same is true for the 
attempt by central banks out- 
side tiie United States to 
stabilize the dollar at present 
levels: an attempt which was 
already showing signs of strain 
yesterday. This looks doomed 

Intervention in 
support of 
the dollar lacks 

to failure on three counts. 

First, h is leaning against 
the wind — the foreign ex- 
‘ change markets are not yet of 
the view, perhaps rightly, that 
the dollar has feller far 

Second, it does not appear 
to be a prelude to policy 

Finally, current interven- 
tion in support of the dollar 
lacks the unanimity char- 
acteristic of the successful 
central bank moves in the 
markets last year. As long as 
the US authorities stay out of 
any intervention in support of 
the dollar, its success will be 

Intervention in tbe past 
weeks has had the effect of 
buying time, a precious 
commodity in the currency 
markets. But time could now 
be running out 

Standard Chartered Bank has been ihe 
subject of speculation and gossip 
almost all year, and there is no sign of 
the rumour machine running down. 
The bank's smaller shareholders must 
dearly hope that something more 
concrete will emerge from today's 
board meeting, the second meeting 
since the three big overseas sharehold- 
ers were made directors in August, 
after their part in fending off the bid 
from Lloyds. 

The motives and intentions of the 
three. Sir Yue-Kong Pao, Robert 
Holmes a Court and Tan Sri Khoo 
Teck Puat, are still unclear. Any belief 
that they were acting together was 
scotched last week when Mr Holmes a 
Court, who is by instinct a dealer, 
raised his stake from 8 per cent to 
more than 10 per cent, at a cost of 
about £22 million. The obvious 
interpretation of the move was that it 
gives him a stronger bargaining hand 
in today's meeting. The new directors 
together own 30 per cent of the bank. 

According to one theory, the three 
want to divide up the bank. Tbe 
problem with that is that they would 
almost certainly all want the same bit: 
the Far Eastern operations. Rumours 
from Hong Kong to the effect that 
Chartered Bank of Hong Kong was 
soon to be floated on the Crown 
colony's stock market, are consistent 
with Standard's policy, set out at the 
lime of the Lloyds* bid, of seeking 
Slock Exchange listings for several 
pans, of the group. It does not 
necessarily pressage a split up of the 

The theory that Standard wants to 
buy Exco International because Tan 
Sri Kftoo is a director of both 
companies, has commercial sense in 
as much as both companies are 
looking for partners to complement 
their operations. But it runs up against 

the O' Brien rules — the 10 per cent 
limit on bank holdings in money 
brokers that scuppered Exco’s pro- 
jected link with Morgan Grenfell 
earlier this year. 

Standard sources say the bank has 
no interest in Exco, but it may not be 
indifferent Alan Orsich, general man- 
ager of Standard's international op- 
erations, was chairman of the British 
Bankers Association committee 
which discussed the issue at ihe time. 
He pushed hard, without success, to 
have the O' Brien rules abolished. 

Meanwhile, Lloyds Bank is still 
sitting in the wings, watching and 
waiting. If Standard's three overseas 
directors merely want to make a turn 
on their holdings (they hold paper 
losses of about 50p a share) the 
simplest method would be to sell out 
to Lloyds, which would probably be 
willing to pay a tittle more than it 
offered last time. 

That must surely be what all the 
other Standard shareholders want, the 
great majority of whom accepted the 
Lloyds offer. They could, at one point 
in the bid, have received about 850p 
for their shares. Now they can obtain 
about £1 less and any scheme to split 
up the bank would almost certainly 
work against their interests. 

Nor is there any sign yet of 
Standard's new corporate plan, much 
touted during the Lloyds bid, being 
pul into effect, in jumping out of the 
frying pan into the fire to avoid 
Lloyds, Standard has lost much of its 
power to move. And it has so far yet to 
prove that all it has done has been in 
the interests of the majority of its 
shareholders. As directors, the over- 
seas trio now have a responsibility to 
all Standard's shareholders, not just to 
themselves. U will be interesting to see 
how they use it 

Star Chamber opens its doors 

After a week of Government pledges 
to spend more on this initiative and 
that at the Conservative Party Con- 
ference the market will be even more 
closely interested than usual in the 
labours of the Star Chamber which 
begins its work this week. 

The Star Chamber, like its original, 
is set up to dispense summary justice 
among the petitioners. But today the 
petitioners are the spending depart- 
ments of state pursuing tbeir public 
spending bids and the judge is the 
suitably grave and massive figure of 
Lord Whilelaw. 

Reading between the tines of the 
speeches in Bournemouth last week it 
does not look as though Lord 
Whitelaw and bis colleagues are going 
to be too much troubled by the 
Government's new commitments. 
Conference is naturally a time for 
making the biggest bang with the 
smallest buck. 

For instance the impressive list of 
new employment measures produced 
with such a flourish by Lord Young of 
Graffham, Secretary for Employment, 
last week is all already provided for in 
the Government's existing spending 
plans. There will be no net addition to 
total spending. 

Kenneth Baker's plans as Secretary 
of State for Education for 20 new 

secondary schools to be run directly 
by the Government rather than the 
local authorities will undoubtedly cost 
money in due course. But the alert 
listener will have noticed that the first 
of these is not due to open until 1988, 
probably beyond the first year of the 
present survey and the next election 
too. And to build up to a total of 20 
will lake several years. 

To say this is not to belittle the task 
facing the Star Chamber. To get 
anywhere near the Government's 
previously announced totals for pub- 
lic spending, confirmed by the Cabi- 
net in July, will be even more difficult 
this year than in the past. With £3.2 
billion already added to provision for 
local authority current spending next 
year the reserve is looking dan- 
gerously depleted at about £3 billion. 

Good cases will be made for 
additional spending on the Health 
Service and for realistic assumptions 
about the demand for social security 
payments. A less good case (bearing in 
mind the massive increase since 1979) 
will be made for higher spending on 

If the reserve is not to be further de- 
pleted these can only be accom- 
modated by cuts elsewhere. Lord 
Whilelaw is facing a testing time. 


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Stockmarfcei Confidential (or SMC for short) ia 
a rather inangpicimts looking news sheet which is 
■eat, by fitat d a wt ong.«Bwy tedn wlny owm ing. 

Despite he iimocuoas appearance it is easerty 
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be&r* the wvdgwB arotu>d and prtcesrotf**. 

In Stocfcmart* Confidential ">e make buying 

■nrf ■wi ling i wnwi m mi fam nna nH HBBfnl 

analyse and. moA unponam of all. Bugged one or 
more “a« Tips” Bor the week. 

Each Wednesday eveningynu win be sent by 1st 
class tnaiheooj latesi isauerfSMC Ifyoadon’iaclon 
oOT“Ha lips'* QiuekJy you sup miss tbe boat-mher 
SMC sobscribereanU ha«e already pushed prices ap. 

\buUd»««fcrcfcai vary often tbs beet 
in wis tm ea tsare the "penny shares”. ..F^ntosftr 
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WHY you CAN ACT with 

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As «e’«e already explained. *t is possible to 

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AU yoo need to do is enter our Free Prise Draw 
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tfyoo«nn. youU raceme £50QtO8pend or ipreat an 
you please WbO ouggtsi chat you imeatn. in anyone of 


2nd JULY- l?Lh SEPT 1986 

IfsaB very wen fconwliig whal u» bay— the 

real -were) b knowtna whu uj*eU. This Is oar 

fell "sell" recorti since tbe 2nd July 1986. 


lone* ran 


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A -G. Barr 

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Of course, share prices can go down, as well as 
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'four ten week trial has no risk., BO complete 

the coupon today— you don't beedsatamp, 

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finananl specialists pool uribrmanoB.^ validate 
sourcee, and dneuw the latest Ci^ whispers. At the 
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hottest npsand deemed wbemer or not tosei) shares 
previously recommended. 

Pfepnaruiie* mat none of these tips wiU be 
leaked by ch*£MC Editorial Board, or published. * 
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I in decide tosuberibel will pay the 
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I W01 

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i ob' 

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Shares lower at start 

New York (AP-Dow Jones) 
— Wall Street slipped in early 

expected a lighter day because 
of the doable holiday of Yom 
Klppnr and Cbtmnbis Day. 

The Dow Jones rndnstrial 
average was down 1.97 points 
at 1,791.20. 

The frUore of the summit in 

Iceland was expected to hit 

Mr Hi 

Mr Hugh Johnson of First 
Albany Corp said: “The real 
reaction probably will not 
occur until Tuesday, bat it 
does cast a brt of a pall and 
could give a downward bias in 
an otherwise directionless 




AMR sat, 

ASA 38% 

AUMStanal 41 
Aided Sro 68* 
Am retorts 
Am Brands 
Am Can 















Am Express 57% 
Am Home 76% 

Am Motors 3 

AmSfnrd 41 
AmTetopft 23% 
Amoco 66% 
ArmcoSteel 7 
Asarco 14% 
Ashland 04 80% 

Atncmwd 58% 

Avon Prods 34 
Bankamer 14% 
8k q< Baton 39% 
Band ot NY 57% 
Bom steel 7% 
Boeing 52% 

BseCascde 58 

Brden 44% 

Bo Warner 35 
BnstMyere 74% 
BP 40 

BurTtonlnd 37% 
BuiT mown 61% 
Burroughs 70 
CmpSiSp 56% 
Can Pacific 11 % 
CaterpHer 37% 
Ceaneae 206% 
Central SW 33% 
Champmn 25% 
Chase Man 36% 
ChmBkNY 43% 
Chevron 43% 
Chrysbr 36% 
Crtxxnp 48% 
CtarK Equip 19% 
Coca Cote 35% 
Colgate 38% 
CBS 127% 

CTmdiaGas 42% 
Cmoti Eng 31% 
Comufltti 6J 31% 
ConsEdn 44% 
Cn Nat Gas 30% 
Cons Power 13 
Cmn Data 25 
Coming Gf 50% 
cpc ma 67% 
Crane 28% 
CmZeder 50% 
Dart& Kraft 55% 
Deere 24% 

Delta Air 47% 
DatroHEd 18% 
OgdalEq 90% 
Disney 40% 
DowChem 54% 
Dresser bid 18% 
Duke Power 44% 
DuPont 80% 
Eastern Air 8% 
Eson Kodak 56 
Eaton Corp 69% 
Emerson 0 80% 

Exxon Corp 68% 
Fed Dpt Sis 68% 

































11 % 


































8 % 










firestone 25 
FstChwago z?% 

FstfmBncp 54 









FstPemC? 9% 
Fort 53% 

FT Wachva 37% 
GAP Corp 
GTE Corp 
Gen Corp 


Gan Inst 
Gen Mb 
Gar Motors 67% 
GnPblHny 22% 
Genesee 3% 
GeorguPac 36% 
GOate 39% 
Goodrich 41 
Goodyear 35% 
Goufdlnc 20 
Grace 51% 
GtAttkTac 21% 
Gr*hnd 32 
GrunanCor 24% 
Gutt&Weet 63 
HeurzHJ. 41 
Hercules 52% 
HTstt-Pkrcl 37% 
HoneywoB 67% 
tern* 24% 
tngersolt 53 
MwtoSmtf 18% 
IBM 123% 
INCO 13% 

bit Paper 67% 
w Terrel 51% 
kvtogBank 47% 
Jtmsn A Jhn 65% 
KanerAkxn 17% 
Kerr McGee 29% 
KirtnyCbk 80% 
KMart 48% 
Kroger 30% 
LmCorp 2% 
Litton 75% 
LocttiMd 43% 
Lucky Sps 35 
Man H'nver 45% 
ManvileCp 2% 
Maoco 50% 
Manna Mid 47% 
MrtManetta 42 
Masco 25% 
McDonalds 60% 
McOonml 83% 

Merck 102V5 
MrattMng 102% 
Mood 08 38% 

Monsamo 68% 
Morgan JJ». 84% 
Motorola 34% 
NCR Corp 45% 
NL Indsns 5% 
Nat Disdre 43% 
NaMedEm 24% 
NatSmcndt 9% 
NortokStt 83% 
NWBancrp 34% 
OccamtPet 29 
Ogoen 42% 
OSnCcxp 40 
Ov*ens-ffl 39% 
PacGasB 24 
Pan Am 5% 
Penney J-C. 74 














66 % 

22 % 



• bon. 1 feted CbiAOnSiMfl 

20 % 
21 % 
68 % 
122 % 
68 % 
2 % 
2 % 



101 % 


68 % 

Pensco 26% 25 

i b HT8BC 353 * Hm But 










PPG bid 






Royal Dutch 


Sara Lee 



Scott Paper 
Soars Rbck 
She! Tlane 


21 % 









smew Ed 















20 % 
19% ' 

Sperry Com nfa n/a 
SwOfiObo 49% 49% 

Sun Comp 
Texas ECor 
Texas Inst 
Texas Utts 
Trews Cor 
TRW faic 
Unlever NV 
tin Carbide 
Utd Brands 
USX Corp 





Xerox Corp 









112 % 







20 % 















20 % 








112 % 







20 % 












66 % 



20 % 


AMH 25% 
AlcnAkan 42% 
AtaomaSti 14% 
Can Pacific 16% 
Cormneo 13% 
Con Batons 24% 
Hkr/SwCan 26% 
HdsnBMki 24% 
bnasoo 32% 
HrapenalOl 45% 
in Pipe 41% 
Ryl Trustee 30 
Seagram 83% 
Steel Co 21% 
ThmenN'A' 28% 









VarftyCorp 256 
«aWam 38 


. WCT 1 3% 

pStxi s9* iTmM > 





21 % 





More boom than gloom 
in uncertain Hong Kong 

From David Bona via 
Hong Kong 

Hong Kong has once more 
astonished forecasters who ex- 
pected gloom and bankruptcy 
as a result of the Anglo- 
Chinese agreement that the 
territory should revert to full 
Chinese sovereignty in 1997. 

The economy is expected to 
expand by about 5.6 per cent 
this year! against the Gov- 
ernment's earlier estimate of 
4.5 per cent. Its gross national 
product last year grew by less 
than 1 per cem, but recovery 
and possibly another boom 
are anticipated this year. 

The healthy economic pic- 
ture is seen as the resuh of a 
surge in exports. 

The linking of the currency 
to the US dollar at just under 
HKS7.8 has stood die econ- 
omy in good stead in terms of 
stability and appreciation, de- 
spite political worries. - 

This is important during a 
period when some weaker 
banks have failed through bad 
lending policies, and inter- 
national investors are taking a 
hard look at the future of their 
money in Hong Kong. 

Inflation was down to 2.7 
per cent in the first half of this 
year but may rise to about 3.5 
per cent This is still low 
compared with the 5 per cent 
estimated in February. 

However. Mr Reis Jacobs, 
the Crown Colony's Financial 
Secretary, has said the econ- 

Surgmg exports signal better times ahead for Hong Kong, 
omy was still heavily export- has done enough to bolster 
led. and could be damaged “by confidence on the part of local 
any further intensification of and foreign investors, 
protectionist measures". But there is little doubt that 

Many people believe Hong an outflow of capital has taken 
Kong has relied too long on its place over the past three years, 
profitable exports of textiles And China's behaviour and 
and fashion goods and has not statements will determine 
built up a sufficiently strong how much money stays in 
infrastructure in other ind- Hong Kong beyond 1997. 
ustries. A government report has 

In addition, hs active ter- said investment in capital 
liary sector is prey to de- goods was weak in the first 
stabilizing influences, both half of this year, despite the 
internal and external. export performance, felling by 

Contrary to the pattern of 5 per cent since the same 
the last few years, the authori- period of last year. Hie short- 
ties in China apparently feel fell was meetly in computers 
the Hong Kong economy is and transport equipment, 
underperforming this year. Another weak sector is 
Peking feels that with its Hong Kong's re-exports to 
promise to gram Hong Kong China, which has grown mark- 
50 years of capitalism and edly in recent years. 
British-5tyle laws after The profit margin on such 

re-exports is smaller than for 
direct domestic exports, bul 
this sector had still been 
marked down as an encourag- 
ing performer. 

The drop in demand is 
partly due to the Chinese 
Government’s efforts to cut 
back imports and close un- 
profitable enterprises. Peking 
has also complained of a loss 
of foreign exchange through 
careless ordering and un- 
authorized import of luxury 

Sir Edward Youde. the 
Governor, struck an optimis- 
tic note on a visit to the US re- 
cently. He told an audience in 
California: "In the league 
table of international trader* 
we now rank thirteenth, ahead 
of dozens of economies with 
populations much larger than 
our 5.5 million." 

The Governor added that 
the property market, which 
was depressed throughout the 
negotiations between Britain 
and China on Hcnig Kong's 

future. had recove: 

Old' Hong Kong hands 

know the most reliable guide 
to business conditions is the 
ease or difficulty in finding a 
lunch-table at a restaurant in 
Central Victoria without a 
reservation. If the restaurants 
are booked, business in Hong 
Kong is booming. At the 
moment you need to know the 
manager to get in without a 

Hutchison signs Chinese barter deal 

From Stephen Leather 
Hong Kong 

Hutchison Whampoa, the 

foreign exchange to bay ce- 
ment horn Hong Kong through 
a Hutchison subsidiary, Hut- 
chison China Trade. 

which has taken a 4.9 per oent 
stake in Pearson, the publish- 
ing group, yesterday an- 
nounced a barter agreement 
with China that has taken a 
year h) negotiate. 

Hutchison hopes it will be 
the first of a series of trading 
swaps with China. 

Hutchison is to buy Chinese 
coaL China will then use the 

Hutchison had to deal with 
host of Chinese bnreaacra- 
ies to reach the deal — 

including the State Planning 
" histry of 

Commission, the Ministry 
Foreign Economic Relations 
and Trade, the China National 
Coal Import and Export 
Corporation, the China Na- 
tional Minerals and Metals 
Import Export Corporation 

and the State Supply Bureau. 

The first shipment of 50,000 
tonnes of Chinese coal wfll 
arrive in Hong Kong before 
the end of the year, and more 
than 40,000 tonnes of bagged 
cement will be shipped to 
southern coastal cities in 
China. More coal-cement 
swaps will follow. 

A Hutchison spokesman 
said yesterday: “This counter- 
trade agreement s tumid open 
np many futur e opportunities 
for the Hutchison Whampoa 

group m structuring training 
and in vestment opportunities 
in China involving other 

China needs bartering deals 
to conserve much-needed for- 
eign exchange. 

In May the Chinese assis- 
tant Trade Minister, Zho 
Yotrian. said in the newspaper 
China Daily that bartering 
was an ideal way of trading 
with overseas companies *tin 
view of the shortage of hard 
currency in many countries". 




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Ciwgmon Labs <i30p) 
Euro Home (I60p) 

Eve Constnjcdon n05p) 
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191 +2 

166 *2 

Local Lon Gp 
MS Cash & C (lOQp) 
Manna Dew pi Op) 
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Sandefl Parians 035p) 
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October 13, 1888. Total contacto 38788 . CMMS3519. Puts 13247. Undertytag sscvtty price. 




PHONE AFCOR: 01-377 5511 

MON TO FRI 8.30 AM -8.00 PM 

Afcv imcsotMats UnUted 
*-16 tail Street. London EC2A 2£B 
Licensed dealer in secumfes 



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Qmtn 104120-104395 10.4251-10.4395 3^-4’rfiS 10i-11-4lte 

Pan- 9 2735-93150 9 2844-9.3009 IV >P«n 4^-3 .prern 

SrSlra 9 7640-9.7849 9 7709-9.7849 1 '.-1 orem SV-dVpram 

Tokyo 220 46-22145 220.90-22127 rk-lptam 3 T 3 2fi' em 

\tenra 19K-19.99 19.94-19.97 9‘A-7» ptew 24«-2rvprem 

Ztnen 2 30 66-23821 23121-2 3ira I’i-r.ipran 4-3 .pram 

Sterling fetoex compared whh 1975 m do am at 67J (day's range 67.4-67J). 


Afoentma austrar 1 5519-1 5681 Ireland 

A^atodoaw 22474-Z25IS Sngaoore 

Benramdnar 05365-05405 Malaysa . 2030-2^0 

6raa»cntta00-_ 19 73-1985 Auatrato 

Cyprus pound .. 0 72-0 73 Canada — - I 38J0- 1 W5 

finBnomwxa — 6.9080-6-9480 Sweden fSiSiSS 

Greece draenma 189 65-19155 Norway - 72750-7.2800 

Hong Kong doftar 11 1677-11 1783 Dennai* J 5S2S*? 

wioJntoea 18.10-1850 Waa Germany 1 9790-1.9800 

Kuwait omarKO 0.4150-0.4 l4fl Netherlands 2237M2M5 

Mataysa aotor - 37592-3 .-648 Franca 

hSkSSSS dollar 2.8436-2-8570 

Saud> Arana nyal 53355-5J755 BwgumHCommi 41 0&-4M0 

Singapore OOJter 3.1 15M1187 Hong Kong - 7 

SoSiAtnca rand 3.19^-3.2106 Portugal 145.40-145.70 

U A E (fcrham 5^245-52645 Spam 131 25-131 J5 . 

•Uoyds Bank Aostna — — 13.92-1334 

Ratos supplied by Barclay* Bank HOFEX and ExtoL 




Oaanng Banks 10 
Finance House 10 


Discount Market Loans X 
Overnight Huxi: 10 Low 7 
Week rated 9V9 

7 days 5V5* 1 * 
3 ninth 5VS% 

Treasisy Bkts (Discount *■») 
Buying Srt»ng 

2 mmh 10 % 2mntn 10 % 

3 ninth 1(H, 

3mnth 10% 

nk B4N (Discoom %) 
l reran lOVIO 2mnth l0'w-10 > <» 
3mnth lO^ra-HPi* 6 ninth 10 ; »1P» 

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3mnth IO^m 6 ninth n"* 

7 days 4S-4*. 
3nmth 4 <h~4'i, 
French Franc 
7 days 8S-8 
3 rerun 8V8\ 
Swiss Franc 
7 days 1V1% 

3 mnth 4'w^+i* 

7 days 4"w-4>w 
3na«h 5-4% 

1 mnth 
6 mnth 
1 mnth 
6 mnth 
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Local Authority Deposits FW 

2 days 8% 7 days B% 

1 mnth 10 3 mnth 10% 

6 mnth 10% 12imh 10 % 





Local Aaontty Bonds (%) 

1 mnth u-10% 2 mmh 11-10% 

GottS4280CM325a“ • - 
Krugerrand* (per com): 

S 4^50-43250 (E29975-301 .75) 
Sovereigns" (newt 
8 101.5&1 02^0 (£7075-71^0) 

$ 584.75 (C40&05) 

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3 mnth 11 - 10 % ■ 
9 mnth 11-10% 

6 mmh 11 - 10 % 
12 imh 11 - 10 % 

Starting CDs (%) 
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6 mmh 10 % - 10 % 


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6 mnth 5.75-5.70 

3 mnth 5.75-5.70 
12 mth 5J04A5 

fixed Rata Starting Export Finance 
Scheme IV Average retoranca ran tor.: 
interest period Saptnmoer 3. 1986 to 
Octoher 7, 1966 Inclusive: 10^55 par . 

Swire Pacific limited 

Interim Dividends for 1986 

Scrip Dividends 

The average last record prices of the Company's shares 
on The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited for the five 
trading days up to and including 10th October 1986 were; : 

‘A’ shares 
‘B' shares 




In a letter to shareholders from the Chairman dated 8th 
September 1986. it was announced that the directors had 
declared interim dividends on 29th August. 1986 in respect J 
of the year ending 31st December, 1986 of 1 &Qc per -A’ 
share and 3.6c per *B' share and that the directors had 
resolved that, as to 1 7.0c per ‘A* share and 3.4c per 'B 1 share, 
these dividends should take the form of scrip dividends to : 
be satisfied by the issue of additional 'A' and additional *B' 
shares respectively, but that shareholders should be able to 
elect to receive these dividends in cash in respect of afl or- 
pot of their shareholdings, and as to 1.0c per ‘A’ share and 
per a share these dividends would be paid in cash to 
ensure that the shares of the Company continue to be 
Authonsed investments for the purposes of the Trustee 
Ordinance (Cap. 29, Laws of Hong Kong). It was further 
announced that entitlements to fractional shares would be 
disregarded and the benefit thereof would accrue to the’ 

n, USSU 1 ^ ??* aw ® ra 9® 'ast record prices noted above, the 
°\ n ® w . shares which shareholders will receive in 
respect of their existing shares for which elections to 

!S?c'Sr‘2fth Sly? 1 de , posi ! ed with tte Registrars in Hong 
S ^ *5® R ^EL strars A 9 ent s in the United Kingdom 
by 20 th October. 1986 will be calculated as follows: 

For *A' shares: 

Number of new 
'A' shares to = 
be received 

For *B' shares: 
Number of new 
‘B’ shares to ra 
be received 

Number of 
'A' shares 



Number of 
. existing 
‘8’ shares 



and will be rounded down to the nearest whole number ot 
new shares, fractional entitlements being disregarded. The 

rsnk ,f i pa55u wittl 

SvId^SsTS Wl " not ranl< f°nh^Sim ' 

addends in respect of the year ending 3ist December 

Certificates for the new ‘A* and *8’ share* in »« art m 
the scrip dividends, together with the divided J ?n 
connection with thecash dividendsof l-Ocper'A^^nS 

ss wil1 * ,o 

By order of the Board 

■ Secretaries 

Hong Kong 
14th October 1986 

Swire House, Hcreg Kong. 





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Hopes of China telecom order 
lifts C&W and Plessey shares 

By Michael Clark and Carol Leonard I zap ~~ ■ ■ H about 3 per cent of the shan 

The stock market was buzz- 

that C able & Wireless and 
Ptessey, two of Britain’s big* 
gcst telecommunications 
goup. would be the first 
beneficiaries of the Queen's 
visit to China. 

Dealers claim that the two 
group s have been awaided a 
multHmillion pound deal by 
the Chinese government to 
build a new telephone system 

Shares of 
Cable & Wireless raced up 20p 

K * Mp V addin & more than 
tiUO million to the group's 
capitalization as one lead™ 
broker cleared the market-* 
place of shares. The price has 
now risen more than 3Qp in 
the past couple of days leaving 
jobbers short of stock. Dealers 

• BM Group, the 

which ts 64 par cent owned 
% C H Bearer, win more 
than satisfy City expecta- 
tions of £2 nuUnm profits 
when it unveils its year- 
ehd resoles today. Its shares 
finned 3p yesterday to 
218p. BM has acquisition de- 
signs on Blackwood 

also reported heavy turnover 
of the shares on the traded 
options market. Cable & 
Wireless is now trading 25p 
shy of its year’s high. 

The group was inundated 
with calls from anxious stock- 
brokers. Mr Ernest Potter, 
finance director, was playing 
down the rumours. He Said: 




Adam & Company. 

We know of nothing that is 
going to have an impact on 
our business whatsoever.” 

Sr Eric Sharp, chairman of 
Cable & Wireless, is chairman 
of the Sino-Britisb Trade 
Council and is in China at the 
moment leading the British 
trade delegation. 

Plessey, which is already 
responsible for building the 
bulk of System X. British 
Telecom’s new generation of 
telephone exchanges, has been 
a dull market recently follow- 
ing GECs abortive bid earlier 
this year which was blocked by 
the Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission. Plessey firmed 
2p to I82p. 

The rest of the equity 
market started the new ac- 
count on a confident note as 
investors shrugged off fears 
about the oil price and the 
imminent rise in interest rates. 
However, turnover appeared 
thin although dealers are con- 
fident it wQJ improve over the 
next few days as the spare 
funds tied up m tbe TSB 
flotation find their way back 
into the market. 

The FT 30-share index 
ended tbe session 10.0 higher 
at 1,275.4, whUe the broader 
FT-SE 100 index advanced 
12.9 to 1,612.3- 

The steadier pound enabled 
gilts to finish with gains of up 
to £14. 

The partly-paid TSB shares . 
were the most actively traded 
stock of the day with dealers 
reporting good two-way busi- 
ness. The in si rations started 
buying early on when the 
shares fell 3Vip to 82p. They 
recovered to dose just a penny 
lower at 84fep. City experts 
expect the price to rally to- 
wards tbe end of the week, 
once most of the small stags 
have been shaken out and the 
institutions begin to buy in a 

e rest of the banking 
sector was dull. Those to 
move were Lloyds, a couple of 
pence easier at 4l2p and 
Midland, 3p higher at 537p. 

Most leaders improved on 
the day with HOC going up 
12p to 31 4p and PAO 8p to 
508p. Bine Code and Glaxo, 
which publishes its results 
later today, both gained 5p to 
touch 58 Ip and 940p respec- 
tively. and Asda firmed 4p to 


Rio Tiuto-Zinc, the diversi- 



I Share index 

iso-1 m 

Oct Nov* Dec' Jan* Fet>' Mar* Apr 1 May Jun 1 Jm * Aug‘ Sap’ 

tied minerals and oils com- 
pany, was actively traded after 
announcing the -reduction in 
its slake in CRA, the 
Australain mining group. It is 
reducing its holding from 523 
per cent to 49 percent, a move 

• JT Parrish, tbeshell 
company which absorbed 
Dtmkley Marshall and EF 
Matthews, the brokers, re- 
turns to the market today 
after after its scrip and rights 
issues at around 190p, 
equivalent to slightly more 
Unit the £10 it was sus- 
pended at a month ago. Ex- 
pect another acquisition. 

which will turn CRA into an 
associate rather than a subsid- 
iary in RTTs accounts. An- 
alysts estimate that this could 
add around £20 million to 
RTZ*s net profits because of 
CRA’s current cost depred- 
ation accounting policy. Its 
shares put on Sp to 71 7p and 
then fell back to a 3p drop at 

Warafard Investments, the 
family-controlled property 
development company with a 
couple of key sites in the City, 
soared I OOp at one time before 
settling down to a 55p gain at 
825p. Talk is that a bid is on 
its way at £10 a share. 

Elsewhere in the property 
sector, Roseforagb gained lOp 
to 600p and Rush& Tonkins 
17pto 240p. 

Oils were nervous, awaiting 
news from the Opec meeting 
in Geneva. Most ended the 
day unchanged. Those to do 
otherwise were PefamoL up 
4p at 38p, Britofl up 3p at 
136p and 1C Gas down 5p at 
51 8p. 

Cons Gold, the mining fi- 
nance group, climbed 30p at 
one sta^ before settling at 

679p.a I7p rise, amid talk that 
it may bid or be bid for. This 
latest move in its share price 
comes despite a "take profits” 
circular published last week by 
Buckmasier & Moore, the 

Marks and Spencer, often 
regarded as jewel in the high 
street crown, has been a dull 
market of late struggling 
around the 190p level. But 
analysts are convinced that 
better times are on (he way. 
Yesterday tbe price advanced 
8p to 198p — still way below 
hs peak of 227p — and is 
thought, at these levels, as 

Later today, the group is 
opening its latest prestige store 
at, the Metro Centre, Gates- 
head, which is being hailed as 
one of the most ambitious 
shopping centre develop- 
ments since Brent Cross. To- 
morrow, the group is throwing 
open its doors to a coachload 
of analysts from the City 
anxious to give the new store 
the once over. They might also 
try and glean something from 
M&S about its interim figures 
due out later this month. 

The group has enjoyed 
some brisk trade over the past 
couple of months and is 
expected to weigh in with 
pretax profits of £155 million 
for the six months to Septem- 
ber 30, compared with £137.7 
million for the corresponding 

Boots, the retail chemist, 
remains high on the list of 
likely takeover targets follow- 
ing a dull performance of late 
wnh the price expanding a 
further 5p to 236 p. The group 
makes no secret ofthe fact that 
it is on hs guard against 
possible unwanted predators. 

Lord Hanson's Hanson 
Trust is known to have bought 

about 3 per cent of the dares 
and may have been topping up 
his holding last week. Hanson 
may just be attracted -by the 
high level of assets at Boots, 
including a large properly 
portfolio, and will realize just 
how vulnerable the shares are . 
following the recent 
controversial acquisition of 
Flint Laboratories in the US. 

There is also plenty of 
activity in the shares on the 
traded options market where 
dealers have reported plenty 
of call option business. 

Meanwhile, there was also 
selective support for the rest of 
the retailers helped by a 
bullish circular on tbe sector 
from Wood Mackenzie, the 
broker, and highlighted in this 
column on Saturday. 

Wood Mackenzie expects 

• Dee Corp, the Fine Fare 
and International Stores food 
retailer, rase 3p to 21 8p af- 
ter last week's shakeout, 
which saw tbe price retreat 
from 235p- A line of 35 mil- 
lion shares (4 per cent) 
belonging to one institution 
had been overhanging tbe 
market. It was placed by 
James Capet, the broker, 
at about 216p. 

small investors to plough back 
most of their profits, amount- 
ing to around £100 million, 
from the flotation of the 
Trustee Savings Bank into the 
high street That should be 
good news for the big stores 
groups in the run-up to what 
promises to be another 
bumper Christmas. 

Mr Paul Ainstey, retail an 
afyst at Wood Mackenzie, 
thinks companies like Free- 
mans, up 8p at 428p, and 
Next 4p dearer at 237p, 
should benefit from the forth- 

coming spending spree. 

Mr Ainsley is also keen on 
Burton Group, I2p higher at 
278p, which is forming a new 
£100 million property com- 
pany to buy, develop and seH 
properties. The new company 
will still be controlled by 
Burton, which is funding the 
deal with £30 million of its 
own money. The remaining 
£70 million is being provided 

banks led 




Bryant Holdings digs in 
to investors’ pockets 

Burton boasts a number of 

top stores mi prime sites. 

Shareholders should be 
pleased with the preliminary 
results announced today by 
the housebuilder Bryant Ho- 
ldings. Pretax profit for the 
year to May 31 was up 15.8 
per cent to £133 million on 
turnover up 30 per cent to 
£157 million. 

Without the five-fold jump 
in interest charges to £23 
million, the rise in profits 
would have been nearer 30 
per cent But to stay in 
business and ensure a suf- 
ficient land bank for develop- 
ments three or four years 
ahead, a housebuilding com- 
pany must keep buying land. 
And land prices have been 
rising steeply. 

Land costs have risen most 
in the South-east where Bry- 
ant, traditionally thought of 
as a Midlands builder, has 
been increasing its activities 
steadily. Its policy of expand- 
ing in the more prosperous 
areas while reducing its in- 
terests elsewhere is inevitably 
increasing the cost of main- 
taining its fend bank. 

As a result, year-end 
borrowings more tram dou- 
bled to £24 million. For a 
company used to a debt- 
equity ratio of about 17 per 
cenu it found itself at the end 
of last year with debt standing 
at 38 per cent of shareholders' 

Compared with many 
companies inside and outside 
the building industry, 38 per 
cent gearing is far from 
alarming. But faced with the 
prospect of ever-rising 
borrowings If it were to 
attempt to maintain its land 
bank out of cash flow, Bryant 
has decided that the time is 
right to ask shareholders for 
£1 7.4 million, to be raised by 
way of a rights issue on tbe 
basis of one new share for 
every four held. 

The group is optimistic 
about tire prospects for this 
financial year. The summer 
was not ideal for builders, but 
the autumn has been ex- 
cellent and the level of for- 
ward sales is good. 

The company is not vary- 
ing tire number of houses 
built of about 2,000 a year but 
the average selling price has 
risen from less than £40.000 
in 1 984-5 to nearly £50,000 in 
1985-6. Part of this reflects 
the higher quality, but the 
company is also -improving 
its margins, a trend which is 
continuing this year. 

The rights money will help 
bring down .interest charges 
and the company should be 
able to make £16 million 
pretax in 1986-7. 

The prospective multiple 
of 10.8 is fair and reflects the 
company's property interests 
where the outlook beyond 
1987 is strong. The share 
price is underpinned by the 
5.3 per cent prospective yield. 


The esoteric world of com- 
puter leasing must have 
caused a few institutions 
concern when they backed 
the flotation in June last year 
of IBL, one of the largest 
companies in the business. 

Many must have regrets. 
The shares, launched through 
a full offer for sale at I40p. 
have been down to 45p. after 
confirming the City's sus- 
picions That the sector is only 
for the brave. 

IBL's lapse from grace was 
principally due to taking its 
eye off the ball in France, 
where the local management 
took on large unprofitable 
business, leaving a deficit of 
£3.5 million and causing 
profits for fast year to slip 
from £73 million to £6 

The half-year figures show 
that remedial action is begin- 
ning to work. Pretax profits 
show a 48 per cent increase to 
£13 million and the interim 
dividend is being maintained 
at 0.4p a share. 

Thanks vo some tough 
management action, the 
French business is breaking 
even and should be back in 
the black by the end of the 
year, although there have 
been further write-offs of 
about £300,000. 

In the United Slates IBL is 
expecting a lot of new busi- 
ness in the second half. 

Overall, IBL has been 
concentrating on repeal busi- 
ness with existing clients 
where its position is stronger, 
rather than looking for cus- 
tomers in a market becoming 
increasingly competitive. 

The shares rose Sp to SSp- 
It will need a period of 
sustained progress to. see 
them go much higher. 

Avis Europe 

Trying harder has done great 
thing s for Avis. The business 
has come a long way since 
Warren Avis founded his first 

car rental counter at Willow 
Run Airport, Detroit, in 

The group is a household 
name in the US. and the 
market leader in Europe. It is 
the European business which 
is coming to the market later 
this month. The issue, at 
around £270 million, is size- 
able and should be of special 
interest to European 

There is to be a preferential 
allocation of shares to Euro 
pean institutions and the 
directors are off on a road 
show to Europe this week. 

Half of the £30 million of 
new money raised will pay for 
the 50 year royalty due to 
Avis Inc for trade mark and 
systems licences. The US 
parent will retain a 
shareholding of about 35 per 
cent, and it can end its 
licensing agreements if a 
competitor acquires more 
than 35 per cent of Avis 

Car rental in Europe is an 
established market thought to 
be worth around £1.2 billion 
a year. It is considered to 
have good growth potential. 
Although rented cars are 
increasingly employed for 
business and leisure, the fre- 
quency of use is still well 
below the level achieved in 
the US. 

Avis Europe hopes to build 
up a network of regular 
business customers. 

The use of Wizard, a 
computerized reservation 
system, has been crucial in 
maintaining a high level of 
customer service white keep- 
ing costs under control. 

Fleet leasing and manage- 
ment is a perfect match for 
the core car rental operation. 
This is is a growing pan of 
Avis Europe's business and is 
a likely area for acquisition. 

Avis Europe has a good 
record and an experienced 
management team. More- 
over. the kudos attached to 
gaining the services of Sir 
John Bern bridge as chairman 
should not be 

When the full prospectus is 
published next week it is 
likely to reveal a price which 
will value the shares at a 
premium to the market of 
around 15 per cent. If this is 
indeed the case the issue 
should attract reasonable 

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ER 14 19 


Firm start to account 

began yesterday. Dealings end October 24. §Contango day October 27. Settlement day November 3. 
§Forwaid bargains are permitted on two previous business days.. 

— ^dd — 

© TiattNmwimLUM 


Claims required for 
+50 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 

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ns ta Twopo* Dyv IBi a-i is 6.1 135 

22 BV Tianaood 78 +'j . .334 

M a TrwfuB 86 01 07 a 7 

M4 n Tnfto. ns 25 21 147 

2*1 75 TUtor ft Nwoi in O+S 107 £3 6.7 

US 75 (Jmgmc K 14 17 1&9 

128 02 AB8U 

.. 6 .. . 30 9 Van Enopy 

144 82164 33 10 AteK RdaoUH 

204 47(42 *J M Am OS « Gat 

.. .. . 70S 516 a Panltua 

93 54 45 71 'r S BnMOl 

[86 12 159 415 323 Br Boroeo 

91-18 B7IM 
. . . 82 210 BB BraoB 

4.4 S3 M *19 269 Bwnaft 

84 52 107 Tos 48 Cntaca Capa) 

11 17 119 150 84 Centum^^ 

• • 3*’j W Cnarte itia d 

52 17 257 71 30 CM 

85 55 78 ix 93 Emnifes 

37 64 105 56 23 Fua t fai*] 

13 fi.1 199 K» Gerber Enarny 

■ ■ .537 BSD 200 Octal N Rh 

01 oa S3 7 a as gowpm 

25 21 147 120 38 Q teH R*t 

07 62 6.7 11V 6V Harotan 

14 1.7 189 162 96 tetog 

100 -2 



685. • .. 489 7.1 75 

21V +4V 

MS .. 284 64147 

80 « 

UB +3 84 68 17 

355 182 6J 104 

62 34 81 115 

126 +1 7.1 55 12 

34 81 115 

1» +1 7.1 55 12 

3* .. .. .. 773 

48 +2 2.1 «9 59 

144 a-1 12.1 14 89 


34 +3 1 4 4.1 124 

58 24 64 

EBV ... 

133 O-IV 134 102 54 

m bkt 
TO Corps 

100 108 Cam* 

187 127 nethma-fi- 

448 0S 189 4.1 (ijr 


155 +3 86 82 55 

• Ex Ovhfend 8 Ex an b Forecast orvtjeno e litem 
(Wymant passed 1 Pfice at suspenson g DwWeiW ov] 
wad axcfaidB a speoal paymew k Pra-onraer figures n 
Rxeeasi aammgs o Ex other r Ex ngms s Ex serfc Or 
Bftare epH £ Tax-bee . . No sxnMcant aaa. 

nil*., ,*, **.,;**, 7.W.1 


The bleaker prospects i Why the East is looking West 

m a young industry 

SS 8 ***® 

are usually offered a 
JfS 0 ”?*** matures when 
«05 and some hope they w01 

Sfn.TlR.**? °“ &e roote to 


*“* F" ***** b »ftw> »n 

appraisal according to the 
““Pany's career development 
Programme and the personnel 
5"“* er counsels how they 
“Wdd progress oyer the next 
«ro years. 

Technical and management 
cgorsesmay be proposed, bat 
sten _ by the gradnates' late 
twenties the ™»"agfr starts 
sayn^g there is no time to go on 
training courses. 

Contemporaries posted 
■broad start noticing they 
cannot slot back into the home 
jwrorohy easily when they 
return to Britain, «■»<* both 
Stoops start to sec that most of 
to p brass are not long- 
serrzBg members of the 

There do not seem to be 
“any people over 45 in po- 
sitions of responsibility and 

op, although salary rises may the desperate shortage of 
give an Musion of progress. information technology skills 

By 40 they may well have “f 
less respMsibilty than Gve 

years before, while courses d 

become an embarrassment in vith 

case they are shown on bv - This is largely because, wfth 
voanBpTrecrKJt/^^ ^ ^ the computer industry only 25 
jsanger recrmts. years old, the problem of what 

At this stage employees can to do with aging computer- 
start believing they can no professionals has only 
longer cope with new techno!- emerged during the past five 
ogy and lose touch with the years, 
ch anging m a r k etp lace onfslde. Top management should 
directing attention inwards to perhaps look at more flexible 
company politics. forms of employment, more 

ne pmonad manager Is attuned to today's volatile 
no help busy filling all the business in which staff nnm- 
✓ — — \ hers can go np and down like 

( VIEWPOINT J joljm- 

•v — — -< For instance, there is the 

By Richard Sarson Raok . Xer0 * networking 

J experiment, now nearly five 

, ... „ . . years old. This hdps ea- 

g ood posawms mdi dynamic treprenauial executives to set 
yonn g thrust ers from onfcade. 0 p their own businesses while 
Oar recrm ts go mto a slug ^ supplying Xerox with 
praymgtbey wfli last nntil 65 their expertisefrom the end of 
to collect a foil pension. a a^iinT 
They won’t. A cyclical cash- Despite the success of this 
crisis conies around, as they do veotare, for both Xerox and 
every three to five years in the ' the networken, no other rngjor 
computer industry, and they company h as followed suit. 

Following in the footsteps of 
their car companies and con- 
sumer-electronics concerns, 
Japanese semi-conductor and 
office-automation manufac- 
turers are looking to trade, 
manufacturing and research 
agreements in the US, the UK 
and Europe to improve their 
position in the world. 

Like Hewlett-Packard and 
Honeywell, which both haVe 
European research arms, 
Epson becomes the first major 
Japanese manufacturer to 
establish a fully self-support- 
ing research-and-development 
facility outside Japan and it 
will be in Britain. 

Epson's European Research 
and Development Centre will 
be based in Milton Keynes, 
starting next week with a staff 
of 15 that is planned to be 


■ y . ... * 

% Z .. - . -X -Z?9Z& * .or ■» *’ 


- . -n -s'... 

By Geof Wheelwright Epson’s Alastair Mackintosh: Providing inputs on products 

are out on their own aged 45- 

At that age, oar disiilu- 

responsibility and sioned graduates should have working 
•nyxiue over 50 seems to be m a been in the prime, with a doundi 

clerical job. 

At about 35 our gradnates’ 
real promotion tends to slow 

been in the prime, with a 
wealth of experience and 

We keep on hearing about 

Otherwise, the aging com- 
puter executive too often sits 
oat the last 15 years of a 
working life in less and less 
demanding jobs waiting for the 
pension to come np. 

This does neither them nor 
the industry any good. 

increased to 25 during 1987. 

Dr Alastair Mackintosh, de- 
sign and development man- 
ager, said it will be aimed at 
both providing input on prod- 
ucts for the European market 
and on carrying out product 
design,, standards and 
specification work in conjunc- 
tion with the parent company, 
Epson Seiko, in Japan. 

More significantly for Brit- 
ain, however, is that it will 

pave the way for the opening 
of an Epson manufacturing 
facility in Telford by next May 
or June. 

The factory, aimed primar- 
ily at manufacturing cheap 
computer printers fin: the 
office personal-computer mar- 
ket, will employ up to 100 
people and produce up to 
10,000 units a month. 

Epson said it chose the UK 
over any other European cen- 

tres because it was one of Urn 
company's strongest sales 
markets. By spreading its pres- 
ence around Britain, Epson 
also takes advantage of area 
development grants. 

It nos only two years ago 
that the Government helped 
Commodore build a huge 
manufacturing and develop- 
ment facility at Corby, 
employing up to 600 in its 
heyday, and now reduced to a 









Software Section Leader 



Acorn Computers Limited is respected world-wide for its innovation and success in some 
of the most advanced technology markets. The company has maintained an excellent 
reputation in micro-computing research and development, and for its ability to take 
leading-edge technology to the market. It has a new organisational structure, a solid 
financial base and an enviable European network of resources. 

A new position has been created for a Software Section Leader in the Systems 
Development Group. The Group is responsible for resourcing and managing 
development work and for creating the infrastructure necessary for its support The 
technical responsibilities of this position involve defining and implementing software 
development procedures for the whole division, providing software consultancy for new 
product development, and advising on software and hardware purchases necessary to 
support the group’s activities. The managerial responsibilities include co-ordinating the 
software group’s personnel resources and identifying its future needs, and ensuring that 
development targets are met efficiently and punctually. 

You are likely to be a first class graduate with substantial technical management 
experience, gained ideally in small software development projects. Specific expertise in C, 
Modula, UNIX or VAX would be an advantage, as would experience of relational 
database design or software quality assurance. Age is not important, but you must be a 
mature individual capable of conquering complex software problems and leading a high- 
calibre team of programmers. 

In the first instance, please send your CV to Giles Thomas quoting reference GT/A/04- 
20 at Cambridge Corporate Consultants Limited, Mount Pleasant House, 

2 Mount Pleasant, Cambridge CB3 0BL. 




tagg; Majot BM maWrante user Cased n (to CHy utfsmg Ito latest tetinpJofljr tot both isdncal aral 

Systems Analysts to to remwsMe tor Ita ifcvdoomert rf un-tae awl tttetose wSKnre- 
gffipSrai. acaxrting and tmital Cor*de rt am) mote *”* port* wared mto can Omtop and 
insaf systems suctesstaljr *t a business emtatmeitt. _ 

Ftp-1— eg Upwards at three wa 
iTaiihwnes. A proganimmg tacky 
turttof mta Analysis jre asked to ap 
prmM n flw fowmiwt i 
fliaenfc Ubsw opportnndy to I 

sasote— 9 seeunly lor youreeH- 

commensal exponents ganed on protects usmg any tons or 
id g not reared, towercr Analyst Programmers nesting to move 
i. For candidates wtttmfl ISM axpenenoe, hi aoss oanng —I to 
Utag CMS ttabase. OCS etc. 

a new Hte no your career by acqtfrtng snott-aftor skits. trees 
note include a generous retocabart atkmance. IwnuswiiVHteHc. 




C— i: A most soccesrful bnam afrmal Co 
Fnancii! iedneat. Industrial and Common: 

LONDON £12k-£23k 

0B ®S + Car 



s Sendees Camoany mn a waned Cttart bass in the 
Us *i ns Country and 0—sm 

r SmioJ it dancat tndusmu and uonmerare news n u«s uaawi 

^uaSnoad range d database systems. These vacanoes are in the Technical am OeiWopmad 

You must be a GBADUATT or hold a smtar tpahheabon mtt a first c&ss record andpradici 
Sm^Mfeaoenencemanyoi the leading hantware ranger mreuliWMs. mwa oi nycra s. Utwan is ol 18 

£2^TMe poations ae to EXCBTTONAL aMads who wfl enjoy ea^onal rewartiAgedin 
SSHml ti—tt— Mbtt ttwtos you end to reowred to de monsgae 

SSnSSc«Sis5ts as as renowSw tm. Bmrtts «**e pensw scheme. We assurance, borefi 
and car tor Setwr Positions. REF: mi 2Z« 

•mw m BAHBR OTT _T0£16k 

Smulul?svpm«ammeb sbb. mortgage 

rM i„ nr A Mfl estabfctwd tatemarenal Bank wlidi has recenOy "»de a boge onact on the Coys 

gSX. rffia— g markets, otters a tarely seen apoerturety. . _ • 

Anatyst/P nAy^ mm^ to pro a sma^ dynamic tiapaimeti df»8ke>ng laJCun dgatcB, saiktncni 

h« a nantmum of 2 y are eapoare t o VAX V MS. systems «h 
^ mflS»C or COBOL PretBrence wiB be sh own to aop hcgils — ti a b at*mg or 

eawWawa pure VAX commacal woenence — I be gm the mMnu- 

21m— 1 Prnreito— I'oroSSts are wceBeni tor mminduats who wall to omyass ThetorAni benefits 
penod, ponsan. anmai tonus, nioiwal 



Gm—g Oar Ctenr s a dynamic and rareHy exwmfing CWnpurer Omsuttncy and Software House, wtt 
Oban new othces m Surrey and Hens, Conuderaole growth is planned lor 1907 mdudmg deveUpmenl ol 
the tarsi swot-the tn cum munu a a w systems In me System 36/38 range. 

Mto— Programmers are reared tat a «mte variety at acohcto on s devetatmeni an IBM System 36/38 
- financial fctnbotion and manutaesurg 50% ol the work *» be on Ctam sue. 50% n-house. whch wd 
provide a chalenpng and nneresling wgtanq emmonmenL 

ri^irem Aoohcants shouU have upwards at 16 months RPG D or RPG n program mn g experience, 
good cbmm uMa Min stalls and a profes si o na l and commned appraacb RPG n Pregrammers may be 
senousty con s xlered hx re-oamng to RPG HI 

Ge— t Promotional prospects are UNUMITTD and earty prog res sUn into Ml consultancy Is a dfstnet 
possdxtty.^n addtaon. the conUcui uratessonai vbl be rewarded w— an excefleol srfay and tonefioi 
mdudng a car, 4 weeks hohday. free BuPA etc 

REF: US 1056 



C— r A sm— dvnamc enroany cwremiy mamtoaweio a totaHy new concern Corrantly based mttie 
City, the company emeages momng to me Docklands «i the near hmn. 

Pmliir A Mcropracessoi Design Engaw is requeed to work an the design and testing d PCS's tor ni- 
tecfi products. Having mol responsrisbry Us quaWy control, the oesaon mil involve extensive fcatson t«a 
hceh oremdadreers and Software Engineers. 

E xpert—: CarxJOaies vnS be «a*heQ to de^ee level am law sound exneranue ipmed in PCS 
deslgn/tes&tig and tpsMy ounhuL Any expenense in PIA ROM /RAM and tage analysers b advantageous. 
Ceeen h An ideal optxrnxvty tar apptomts trtu wish w gam M product respansa rt ty m a tm/ytach 
enwroanienL A gawne ground Door posann rarely seen where progmssno/ s— ry/respansdskty wA to 
based on effort/ merest Snare option scheme could be auatabie in the fame. A real Mher ts mowed so 
orty the best are asked to apply. 

RET me 2252 



Con— ref One at the largest and most s u cce ssfu l Computer Services Con— nies dealing with Ji hardware' 
grams and commercial Business auucamn areas, stalled with compet en t oratesaonab. 

PmMoK Consuban a be lesoonsmie lo» leadmg several teams worfcng with fOMS. TPMS md other State 
a me ait sortware witren a cwi wn a o a l enwonmenL The position also e«afe innate shoaong art latseig 
•nth c&ents a all levels. 

Cx— r kreur. 4 yeas emenence gamed on me ICL 2900 raqe ham a c wn metcal background. A good 
Kop- Mge at structured analyse art design with an underMandaig cd I QMS art TPMS preferably lion 
vntm a Quckbutd envnoraneru. Trammg —I be gnen wnere necessary n Oreckbiirid or Delta. 
G—nt ires oosoioa woirid sud canooBfes wnhmq to move no consultancy art exoand D— oser/dient 
Ibboi Malts. Wort mcl udes wort a chent sues art evhousr. The varnty ot hardware employed art the 
scope W appkeabons can lead to last promoaon nt fugn salaries. 

REF; ITF 2244 

cm L0MMM E40JW0 + GTE 



**■5* Uf mTkjrfcro dndtfS »l 0B W Wtft a Mttdwide nmiOVEf 01 £250 rattan is currently 
praorami*. To Mp sustac then recaifl 01 *mws unmxcru muun me 

'SSL i m west London, me bnol w* be to seH the 

mto CDTP OTta aTOixns ta Lonoon and me Home Coumres. Currem vacancies 

me—** MtW-S ffm^DMinmf^c a mmdii e s wdl need id demonstrate a sowid backoround m 
. ^y ^p gim kipwfedge of P* nncro m at M iptace Famdonty mSi laroe WM numtrame 

nut satoy^ should be commensinte with success art aeftmemem. 
SS^Jj snflnKundaiQ awto''® scheme has been anoMsnented ncumi tnns »roaa tar regti 
15SJTH?MnrtnH wdh U» mctfBTt earnings potential ang the gerttaus ben^ns package, mate Bm 

0W«amW ® twm “ y0Uf REF ITY 1660 




Co — MUf. As teafles m the CaDiCAM marheiplacg wth a workhnto tomova of £35 mUon. On well 
esnuisiKd ana rwjWv successni cumpany ^ looking n reesud exoeneneed Sale Exeadves. 
PnittoB. v annus safes ooenngs nisi based m Regional Othces m B* Scutn East, the Mutants or the 
Whiyou writ be lesuonyoie tar sefeng «o Uie engneenng art CAD/CAM markemlacas 
&«rtsSE Protassrona era contoem vou wd nave a mnmum ot 3 y«ws succasshi sales eanenenee. ft 
krew urtgem CADreAM is NDiessema. However, preiaencfww to shown ro cawreaes wan a rechwcai 
to aan jniaty m tne areas td software engawrng and networking 
2^^ i u a urequt upporturtv to fi" s company ww has an mnsaae backiyrenJ and an exetog 
luture. with new erosoeas cunvety unnergoHig devetapmem. Suaasshd canduttes wfl ouaMv tor an 
ouisundaigiemunerauon package noujng unnreted oiHargel eammgs and a generous range ot benefits 
mclwung:. company car Bupa and pensun scheme. 

hef. m zm 


01-311 8444 
0245 329592 

If fro do ant see a pssISen Brat is 
ideally snSed to yon. please eafl as 
we tore found sufatbk! positions tor 
prevtoas eaodMata wfntai 2 weeks 
rf Oko cwrtadtoj tn. Caa oar safes 
toast today, we ww endeavour to (fed 

rar. in am 

6th Floor, Empire House, 175 Piccadilly, London W1Z 9DB Telephone: 01-409 2844, (24 hours) 

Retaniag la Britain? 

We ate spedaftoto to ass&hg Brit- 
ish Nathnals working overseas and 
wishing to return to the UK. 

s for the European market 
mere shell as Commodore was 
forced to move to a smaller 
facility at Maidenhead, Berk- 
shire, with a staff of less than 
100 . 

Obviously, development 
authories are not going to turn 
away blue-chip companies 
such as Epson, but the experi- 
ence they have had with the 
Ides of Dragon, Commodore 
and other boom-bust manu- 
facturing facilities makes 
them a lot more careful. 






Only two 
weeks left 
to enter 

There are two weeks left to 
enter the 1986 UK Computer 
Press Awards sponsored 
joiatfy by The Times and 

If is the third year for the 
awards designed to encomage 
good standards in an Area with 
more than 200 pnblicatwns. 

Entries must be based on 
articles, magazines, pictnres 
or . programmes printed ' or 
broadcast between November. 
1, 1985 and October 31, 1986. 

The efehf categories are: 
Computer Journal of the Year 
Computer Journalist of the 
Year (news) 

Computer Journalist -of the 
Year (features) 

Computer Cohnnnist of the 

C om put er Photographer of the 

Best Designed Jonroal of the 

Technology Programme of the 

Computer Press Personality of 
the Year. .. 

Entry forms and a complete 
copy of die roles, can be 
obtained from Horsley Asso- 
ciates, Capital Hoase, 20-22 
Craven Road,* London- W2 
3PX (01-402 3347). 

IBM's profit fell b >- .27 per cent 

in its third financial quarter 
because of lower orders and 
shipments. The figures an- 
nounced iestentaV sha^® 
eamings of SI. 07 bill .on 
{about £738 million} down 
from $1.47 billion. Sales for 
ihe quarter rose2 per cent to 

$11.91 billion (£8.2 billion). 

IBM shares dropped 57 last 
week after the company an- 
nounced there would be utile 
improvement in sales over the 
next nine months. 

It is certainly not alone 
among . computor manufac- 
turers in suffering from a 
sluggish marketplace. But n 
feces two distinct and separate 
problems: fierce and success- 
fid competition from the mak- 
ers of cheap personal 
computers that are dones of 
IBM's and, in the area or 
larger computers, the success 
of a competitor. Digital 
Equipment, the world’s ihird- 
biggest computer company. 

Last .week IBM responded 
to both problems. The first 
was an agreement with the 
chip nmnufacTurcr Intel to., 
swap technology m a move ; 
widely interpreted as an at- . 
tempt by IBM - to • find a j 
breathing space against the ’ 
PC-compatible makers. 

The agree me nt will involve 
the companies in developing 
jointly designed, custom-buili 
chips. Custom-built _ chips 
could provide IBM with the 
means to produce a new range 
of personal computers ' that 


will be more aiiticult and 
expensive to copy. 

If IBM is not to give up the 
personal computer end of the 
market, such a policy could be 
necessary. Amstrad's PC 
compatible 1 51 2. for example, 
starts at under £500 and each 
model in the range is about 
half the price of an IBM. 

They are on test in several 
large companies in Britain and 
while corporate orders have 
yet to flood in, the tests are an 
indication that fears that the 
Amstrad image will prevent 
firms from switching from the 
established reputations of 
companies like IBM may be 

In contrast with IBM, Dig- 
ital Equipment in August 
announced fourth-quarter 
eamings more, than double, 
giving a 38 per cent rise in 
profit for the financial year to 
the end of June. . 

While IBM is discussing 
reductions in its US workforce 
— 12,000 over the next two 
years — Digital is to recruit 
1,000 people in Britain alone 
during the next 12 months (see 
page 29). • 

IBM has suffered in the 
minicomputer market, .in 
particular, from a lack of 
compatibility between its own 
ranges where Digital’s Vax 
computers have been taking 
IBM customers. 

IBM's response last week 
was to announce a range of 
relatively inexpensive mid- 
site computers that can 
communicate with its main- 
frames, personal computers 
and one another. . 

The new range, the IBM 
9370, is based on the architec- 
ture of the company's 370 
machines with prices in Brit- 
ain ranging from about 


Videotex passport 
to all countries 

By Keith Hindley 
On Thursday the world’s first 
international videotex card 
that can turn any IBM or 
compatible personal com- 
puter into an open system will 
be launched in West Ger- 
many, according to chums by 
a group at the Technical 
University of Berlin. 

The Teles X+T Card 2 is 
said to make instant access to 
the markets of Japan, France, 
Australia, West Germany, the 
US and others just a few 
keystrokes away. ' 

In a demonstration in Ber- ' 
lin the company established 
contact with Britain's Presto! 
and France's videotex system, 
using the software that comes 
with the card to deal with 
system connections and dif- 
ferences in interfeces. 

Professor Sigram Schindler, 
the head of the design team, 
said: “There is currently no 
competitive product available 
and certainly nothing at all' at 
a price of just DM 500 (about 

The Berlin group will have 
stolen a march on the Euro- 
pean and American computer 
houses if the claims for the 
new card are borne out. 

Leading manufacturers 
have been wrangling for years' 
about international standards 
for communications proce- 
dures and' only recently has 
any agreement, begun to 

The newxard could under- 
mine the neetfin certain fields 
for some of there agreements 
and al a price that astonishes . 
many UK companies. 

Dr.Schindler.daims lo have , 
achieved the ..impossible, by 
incorporating, much of .the 

interfacing in the hardware, 
rather than in the accompany- 
ing software package. 

The card makes use of four 
standard V24 serial interfaces, 
which can be used simulta- 
neously or independently of 
each other. It is designed for 
"hot-standby" use. 

When a connection foils, an 
alternative network is in- 
stantly sought and im- 
plemented. In effect, the card 
provides a series of gateways 

SmftTpC normaJ - y a,ien to 

The card gives access to 
• » el ex and Fax networks and a 
range of communications 
protocol 5 including those in' 
use in North America. 

The system wifi cope with 
security procedures at the 
m.cornpncr. whether a 
public videotex network or a 

database* 00 * com P a «y> own 
The card has already m. 


Bundespost and Telenet in 
equivalents ©f 
£”***■ Telecom. Professor 
Schindteesaiduiaiiniu alSw 

£»U be confined lo £ 
g^'-but manufacture^ 

involve Jlwa’.iSSta c£j? 

• S s?fflte! u 33: 

maycau^ ^rd 

: marketplace." Dr SP n J cs 
said. _ • r Schindi er 





f;i!p 4 

i{ ^ o 


* Can we keep the 
powerful genie 
in its place? 


< t - \ v - 

Anjyne who has watched 
children almost hypnotically 
assorted by the dazzling dis- 
may of a video game cannot 
help but recognize the 
computer's percuhar power to 
spellbind its users. 

. . Fortunately, the most excess 

•# v ! fofm olectronic 

“enchantment seems to have 
lost its hold on the adolescent 

imagination; the video ar- 
. cades are fast declining in 

But what we have seen there 
at its extreme is a capacity to 
fesemate that has been con- 
; nectfid with the computer 
since the earliest stored-pro- 
gram machines arrived in the 

It reaches back to the first 
generation of young hackers at 
a few select computer Jabs, 
Kite that at MIT. Hackers have 
always been a freakish minor- 
ity. highly gifted minds for 


: l 


i \ 

•, i 

, ‘"'M 

-r } 



9**-/ ■ 

( ■ 


VNt* ' 
#*-- " 

U r ■: 
ite. • . ••• 

□ In the second extract 
from his book. The Cult of 
Information *, published 
this week, Theodore 
Roszak* above, looks at 
the influence of computer 

whom the inti cades of the 
computer can become an ob- 
session, if not an addiction; 
yd they play a crucial role in 
the history of the technology. 

They were the first to give 
themselves fully to the strange 
interplay between the h uman 
mind and its clever mechani- 
cal counterfeit That interplay 
deserves the careful attention 
of educators because it carries 
within it a hidden curriculum 
that, arrives in the classroom 
with the computer. 

Among the hackers, (me of 
the main attractions of the 

machine was the enthrallin g 
sense of power it gave its user, 
or rather its master. For one 
did not simply use a com- 
puter, one had to take intellec- 
tual control of it 

This was a complex ma- 
chine, an “embodiment of 
mind,” as Warren Mctulioch 

once described it, and it cookl 
easily elude effective applica- 
tion. Yet, even when it did so, 
its misbehaviour arose from 
some rigorously consistent 
extension of its programming 
that de m anded understand- 

It was not like an auto- 
mobile, which would mal- 
function simply because a part 
wore out; its problems were 
not merely physical. They, 
could be corrected only by 
tracking the bug through the 
dense logic of the machine’s 

But if the hacker mastered 
that logic, he could bend the 
computer to his will. (“His” is 
historically correct here; nota- 
bly, nearly all the early hack- 
ers, like most hackers since, 
were male, many of them 
living in “bachelor mode”.) 

As one computer genius 
reported to Steven Levy, who 
has written the best history of 
the early hackers, there was a 
day when be came to the 
“sudden realization” that “the 
computer wasn't so smart at 
all. it was just some dumb 
beast, following orders, doing 
what you told it to in exactly 
the order you determined. 
You could control h. You 
could be God.” 

But the satisfaction of 
becoming the machine's god, 
of lowering it to the status of a 
“dumb besot”, is not available 
to everyone; only to those who 
can outsmart the smart ma- 
chine. First it has to be 
respected as an uncanny sort 
of mind, one that can perform 
many mental tricks better 
than its user. 

The relationship of the hu- 
man being to the machine is, 
thus, an ambivalent one, a 
complex mixture of sensed 
inferiority and the need to 
dominate, of dependence and 

For a better-paid future, put 
yourself in consultancy mode 

Man and modern machine: will it ultimately have an 
intelligence beyond man’s? 

“Like Aladdin's lamp, you 
could get it to do your 
bidding.” That is how Levy 
describes a certain exhilarat- 
ing moment of truth in the 
early hackers’ encounter with 
the computer. But like 
Aladdin's lamp, the machine 
holds a genie more powerful 
than the human being who 
temporarily commands its 

The word power is freely 
sprinkled through the lit- 
erature of computers. The 
computer is a “powerful tool”; 
it is fuelled by “powerful 
theories” and “powerful 
ideas”. “Computers are not 
good or bad,” Sherry Turkle 
concludes in her study of the 
psychology of young com- 
puter users. “They are 

As we have seen, computer 
scientists have been willing to 
exaggerate that power to 
superhuman, even god-like, 
dimensions. Perhaps it will 
soon be “an intelligence be- 
yond man's”. 

These heady speculations 
on the pan of respected 
authorities are not simply 
whimsical diversions; they are 
images and aspirations that 
weave themselves into the 
folklore of the computer and 
become embedded in the 
priorities that guide its 

* The Cult of Information: The 
Folklore of Computers and 
The Art of Thinking, by Theo- 
dore Roszack, is . 

Lutterworth Press this 
price £1195. 

In the world of information technology, 
how can you best change jobs without 
changing jobs? The answer must be to 
become a consultant — rt is often seen as 
one of the few ways to have a career with 
stimulus and challenge while working 
with or at a variety of different 

By definition, consultancy conveys the 
impression of knowledgable advice, 
something with which the computer 
industry has been keen to identify.You 
can now be a sales consultant, software 
or hardware consultant, systems oi 
communications consultant and more. 
Whether or not you are a real consultant 
is another matter. 

In recent years information technol- 
ogy has been playing a greaxer role in the 
affairs of many companies. This has 
created many opportunities for da la- 
processing people who have an under- 
standing of particular computer subjects 
as wen as an outlying grasp of business 
affairs-The computer industry, ever 
quick to recognize opportunities, in the 
1970s formed a new generation of 
consultants all eager to capitalize on 
their knowledge of information technol- 
ogy and often at the expense of 
established management consultants. 

Computer-services companies 
increasingly broke into the domain of 
corporaie^evel consultancy to assist 
organizations eager to computerize. Due 
to the financial aspects and implications , 
of computer-based accounting, the 
accountancy profession was also eager to 
become involved in computing, thus 
extending its own consultancy roles. 
Similarly, engineering consultants found 
computer techniques creeping into their 
areas of activity. 

But it soon became obvious that in- 
depth understanding of computers with- 
out substantial business, management or 
accountancy knowledge, was not 
eno ugh .M anagement consultants them- 
selves need to get to grips with informa- 
tion technology, while engineers have to 
grasp the potential integration of com- 
puter-based accounting and administra- 
tion with engineering and manufacturing 

The result of this in recent years has 
been to shift the emphasis of corporate- 
organizational advice into a higher gear, 
demanding greater-lhan-ever expertise, 
professionalism and across-the-board 
experience of those who call themselves 

The fulcrum of this shift is informa- 
tion technology, moving ahead at such a 
pace that companies tug and small are 
crying out for professional advice mid 
help. Salaries start high and go ever 
upwards for those who have whai it 

takes. It is still -a boom time fen- the 
consultancy profession. 

Key indicators to career opportunities 
include a Computing Services Associ- 
ation survey which shows that 83 per 
cent of the CSA’s 25 member firms 
offering consultancy, independent of 
other computing services, expect rapid 
real growth in consulting to continue at 
20 per cent a year or more. The 27 
member-firms of the Management 
Consultants Association - for a con- 
sultancy to be a member 90 per cent of its 
consultants must have recognized 
qualifications approved by the Associ- 
ation - reported a 40 percent growth in 
the UK consultancy Iasi year. 

More than 8,000 clients generated 
£142 million in consultancy fees for 
MCA members in 1985, with informa- 
tion technology accounting for £34,5 

Today it is believed that 35 percent of 
all management-consultancy fees are for 
work on information technology and it is 
growing annually. It is estimated that 
between 800 and 1,000 new consultants 


By Eddie Coulter 

will be required in the next year, most 
with computer orientation. 

But while the demand for consultants 
increases, so too do the number of people 
who want to make consultancy a career. 
Of the roughly 1,000 honours graduates 
who applied for jobs in consultancy 
companies last year, one in 27 was 

Even experienced professional people 
have to be good to achieve the move into 
the ranks of management consultants. In 
one company, calling for professionals of 
at least five years’ experience with an 
MBA to their name, applications were 30 
times over-subscribed 
So what attributes does a consultant 
need to enter this lucrative market in 
which some specialists advising on 
technology for Big Bang are said to be 
earning £100,000 a year? 

Some applicants with good degrees 
from a top university may be able to start 
off in a consultancy firm. And they could 
earn £15,000 a year direct from 

However, they will have to take 
specialization, such as accountancy or 
computer discipline, as well as notching 
up a few years’ practical business 
involvement before moving ahead to 
become a real consultant 
As experience grows, the opportunities 
to become a consultant improve. 

Twenty-eight to 38 year-olds with good 
degrees can expea to earn up to £25,000 
a year when they start in consultancy. 

They will, however, have to show up 
to five years’ experience in applying, say, 
computer-based skills in IT strategy, 
network planning, office automation or 
design methodologies. 

Across-the-board experience becomes 
ever-imponani for those consultancy 
candidates who are older fin their ^ 40s) or 
seeking to move up the ladder ot 
management within consultancy and 
salaries of £35,000 a year and beyond 

Additionally, consultants must have 
practical specialization at depth in arsis 
such as corporate policy,' financial 
management, marketing, production, 
human resources, management sciences 
and technology management. 

Wide-ranging expertise including 
information technology is important, 
explains Brian O’Rourke of the Manage- 
ment Consultants Association. He said: 
“Computers fit within the organisational 
structure and decisions on information 
must be taken as part of management's 
overall needs.” 

An enhancement to a consultants 
qualification is admission to the 
membership of the Institute of Manage- 
ment Consultants - 

Greater recognition of the role of 
information technology in consultancy, 
as seen by the institute over the years, 
has served to distinguish the “tunnelled- 
vision” singular disciplined computer 
consultants from the professional 
management consultants specializing in 

Indeed a number of pure manage- 
ment-consultancy firms are now mem- 
bers of the Computing Services 
Association, as are some of the top 
accountancy firms who have created 
management and computer-consultancy 

Alongside these arc the computer- 
services companies, who also offer 
consultancy - from specialization in a 
specific IT discipline to the higher 
echelons of management consultancy. 

Andrew Davies of the management- 
consultants division at Touche Ross 
says:“There is an increasing trend for 
senior members of the computer in- 
dustry to move over to high-level 
management consultancy.” 

• Information and careers advice is 
available from the Institute of Manage- 
ment Consultants. Alfred House,- 23-24 
Cromwell Place, London SW7 2LG. tel. 
01-584 7285. The Management Consul- 
tants Association may be contacted on 
01-584 7283, the Association of Pro- 
fessional Computer Consultants on 01- 
267 7144 , the Computing Services 
Association on 01-405 2171 . 


rt**--;.-- • 


It 4 ^ 

K “ 



! i 

=» » ' 

. . Hwd 

.DEC plans 
new jobs 

Digital Equipment intends to 
hire nearly 1,000 extra people 
over the next 12 months, 
increasing the number of 
employees by 18 per cent 
• Eight hundred will be in the 
' high-technology field, and in 
p ar t i cular the company needs 
120 computer engineers for its 
research-and-d eve lo patent 
centre based in Re ading to 
develop new office-automation 
and commtmicatioiis products. 

Other jobs include software 
consultancy, engineering, 
servicing as well as marketing 
and sales. DEC may free a 
tough task in some areas 
where there are serious stall 
shortages, although the com- 
pany says engineers in 
part icular may be attracted for 
the experience as it “rec- 
ognizes the research 

centre will also act as a 
platform for a number of 
engineers to launch other ca- 
reers after they have left 

Tve brought it in for its 20 
billion millisecond service 

More jobs 
in services 

■ Firms dealing in computer sendees 
increased their staff by an average of 11 per 
cent last year, according to figures from 
the Computing Services Association (CSA). 
But shortages of sidled staff are still the 
prime factor In Smiting growth, it says. 

Turnover for members of the CSA has 
grown by 23 per cent to £1 ,484 minion for 
the year aiding in June 1 986, while 
average revenue per employee has 
increased from £33.600 to £37,700. 

Doug Eyetons, director-general of the 
CSA, said he was encouraged by the figures 
"because they show that foe problems 
affecting the hardware industry have not 
been passed on to the computing 
services business". . 

Small exemptions 


■ Small businesses should be exempt 
from parts of the Data Protection Act, says 
the Institute of Chattered Accountants. A 
memorandum sent to the Home Secretary, 
Douglas Hurd, eartter this month 
criticizes what is described as the 
complexity, ineffectiveness, 
administrative cost and burden of 
registering under the Act 

On complexity, the memorandum says: 
“Because the registration requirements are 
difficult to understand and to implement 
large numbers of data users view the Data 
Protection Act with apathy and wiU 
.probably not register at aft unless and until 
the registrar forces them." 

Training watchdog 

■ A new watchdog for training 
courses In information technology has 
produced its first register of 
accredited training establishments. The 
group, formed by the British Council 
and seven other computer-related 

( COMPUTER BRIEFING ) dona tions rotated to the size oTSefltorior 

uiaH ae cwtnmnl fiwtH Mnlwn 

organizations, was set up after 
complaints, especially from foreign 
students about the quafity of some of 
the private firms that offer computer 
training courses. 

The register lists the 16 training 
institutions which have currently agreed 
to conform to a code of practice 
specified by the Information Technology 
Training Accrwfitatfon Council. 

The code covers such areas as 
misleading advertising, the use of 
testimonials, written by a staff 
members or relatives, and the rights to 
refunds. An expanded register is 
expected to be published next stamner. 

Chip aid 

■ A charity to be funded by the 
computer industry has been formed by a 
group of senior executives to help the 
disabled benefit from information 
technology. Called Humanitec, it hopes 

company as wefl as special fund rasing 

ft wM be bunched on November 11 with 
a charity dinner at the Savoy Hotei (tickets 
£75 each). Alexander Reid, one of me 
founders of the charity, says it is hoped mat 
Humanitec will be the computer 
industries' equivalent of the Variety Ckib for 
show business. 

Further information from 130 
Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1 

PC repair bar 

■ A walk-in repair service . for personal 
computer users in and around London has 
been opened in Kennington, SE1 1. Set 
up by Air Call Microcomputers, it is 
described as the first PC Repair Bar and 
promises to repair most broken PCs or 
peripherals while the customer waits or 
provide an on-the-spot quote for repairs. 
John Edwards, managing director of the ' 

company, hopes it win be the first of many. 
Further information on 01-735 0722. 

Upmarket hard discs 

■ WhHe the low end of the PC market 
becomes increasingly populated by cut- 
price "box-shifting manufacturers, so 
the add-ons for the basic PC become more 
and more a commodity business. 

One of the principle such add-ons is the 
hard disc mass storage device, which can 
typically give a computer up to 50 or 60 
times the amount of storage ft normally 

One pioneer was a Scottish 
manufacturer, Rocfime, which is to move 
upmarket with two high-capacrty, hard- 
disc units to match the speed and 
performance of new computer processor 
such as the Intel 80386 and the Motorola 

The first is a 3fcfn. hard-disc unit offering 
between 40 and 50 Megabytes of storage- 
more than 100 times that amount on a 
standard 360K computer floppy disc. The 
second is a 674 Megabyte 8in. hard (fisc. 

Ups and down of DMV, the 
big little three newcomers 



Senior speed » A nal yrt/ 
Programmer to mot** 
Marketing Ttchnical and 
Trainmg support to B™- 
pean Area faubotors w» 
UK office. Position 
mtninup two yeaxs wotk in 
twu and applicauc®s. 

prior esperience in t«mnj 

sales support anrtjHgeoi 
mjuuKtfwm required- £*» 
Jeurr and CV W Cayfr Eu- 
rope. Etchant* Housfcll 
Markrt Street. Maiden- 
head. Berks. 

Behind all the talk of cheaper 
chips and felling hardware 
prices is a whole new industry 
providing the design tools for 
more complex yet affordable 
electronic systems and 

Dubbed computer aided en- 
gineering (CAE), it is startling 
both in its growth rate and the 
feet that it is dominated by 
three companies virtually un- 
known outside the electronic 
design community. 

For the last five years, Daisy 
Systems, Mentor Graphics 
and Valid Logic, new com- 
panies in the US, have bad 
such meteoric growth that 
they have been nicknamed the 
big little three and are com- 
monly referred to by their 
peers as simply, DMV. 

Despite expectations that 
much bigger companies — 
Tektronix. IBM, Hewlett- 
Packard and Intergraph in . 
particular — will cash in on 
this lucrative sector, DMV 
have so far gone more or less 


Both Daisy and Mentor 
reflect the state of a market 
that grew. 300 per cent in 1 984, 
and which, though it has been 
hit to some extent by the 
general downturn in the 
electronics and computer 
trades, is expected to generate 
sales of $698 million this year, 
rising to $1,454 million in 

The market really began 
only in 1981, yet last year 
Daisy and Mentor had sales of 
S123 million and $130 million 
respectively. Valid is third at 

A year or two ago all three 
were looking over their shoul- 
ders at potential attackers, but 
with their leadership still un- 
disputed, they are growing in 
confidence, believe that it is 
becoming hander and harder 
for anyone to catch up. 

The business really began 
when two researchers at the 
University ofStanford saw the 
potential of drawing elec- 
tronic-circuit schematics on a 


By Peter Simmons 

computer screen such that it 
had a meaning — that is, so 
that it could be communicated 
to underlying programmes 
that would simulate the even- 
tual behaviour of the circuit, 
check for bugs and so on. 

So the idea of electronic 
design automation, or Com- 
puter Aided Engineering, was 

UK boss, Peter 
Harverson: company not 
ripe for takeover 

born. It was these researchers, 
Kurt Widdoes and Tom 
McWilliams, who founded 
Valid. The research was in the 
public domain, yet only the 
three companies were able to 
pick up and run with it 
The need for their products 
is not likely to go away. They 
provide tools that are used to 
translate a product concept 
into a functional circuit, 
whether it is an integrated 
circuit or complete system 
mounted on a printed-circuit 

There are several factors 
behind the demand. As de- ’ 
vices become smaller and 
more complex, the old manual ' 
design techniques become less 
effective and less efficient and 
as product life cycles become 
shorter, design phases and 
market nave to be 

tune, to 

squeezed to their lowest pos- 
sible limits. Users of high-tech 
products become more 
discerning and quality is at a 

All three companies offer a 
powerful range of tools for the 
definition, analysis, debug- 
ging, checking and physical 
layout of electronic systems 
and circuits, with links to the 
manufacturing and test pro- 
cesses. They hire customers 
with prospect of fast design 
and “right-first-time” designs 
without the hassles of repeated 
pro to typing. Where they have 
traditionally differed has been 
in the choice of 
manufacturers’ hardware. 

Daisy began with its own 
proprietary workstations, but 
has subsequently added IBM 
PC and Vax versions of its 
design systems. Mentor has 
always supported Apollo 
workstations but seems likely 
to announce support for Vax 
and IBM, too. 

Though Valid also started 
out with proprietary hard- 
ware, it had the foresight to 
opt for industry standards, 
such as the Unix operating 
system and Ethernet local area 
networking form the start It 
now has the pleasure of seeing 
almost everyone else adopting 
them in some form or another. 
Valid also offers systems 
based on the PC AT and the 
DEC Micro vax IL 

Even these rising young 
stars, however, have suffered 
from' the vagaries of the 
electronic and computer 
marketplaces. Mentor’s earn- 
ings fell last year, mainly 
because it had expected sales 
of$l8Q million rather than the 
Si 30 million actually 

Daisy, meanwhile, has been 
through the wars. After beady 
300 per cent growth in sales in 
1981 it hit trouble with two 
consecutive loss making quar- 
ters (his year. Its first- lay-offs 
and the sudden departure of 
its charismatic co-founder and 

Continued on next page 



The Royal Oman Police is a large national force. In addition to law enforcement the ROP is 
responsible for Customs, Immigration and Vehicle/Driver Licensing. 

Hardware includes a dual 4381 configuration running MVS/JES2/IMS/CICS, and Wang VS 
hardware.- The ROP Directorate of Computers is housed in a prestigious new purpose-built 
computer centre in the Capital, Muscat. 

In order to maintain its position as one of the top Gulf installations, dynamic and dedicated 
professionals are required as follows: 



i a targe IBM appBcations environment. Must lead by example having managed at 
ct from start to finish. Thorough working knowledge of CICS. IMS. 1 .3, 
\ JCL. Commitment to standards, documentation, and meeting timescales. 


Minimum of eight years in a large IBM MVS multi CPU environment. The last 5 years must have been in 
supporting an on line environment using MVS, TSO, IMS, CICS, and JES 2. Thorough knowledge of tiffs 
software ts required. 


At least five years IBM systems programming experience of which the last three must have been in either 

MVS/CICS/1MS environment. Expert knowledge of CICS 1.6 internals and IMS 13 with DBRC 
required, as is fluency in Assembler and Command, and Macro Level CICS 


MVS ACS/VTAM and ACF/NCP environment. Expert knowledge of VTAM and NGP internals re- 
qufred. as is knowledge of other networking software e.g. NCCF, NPDA, LPDA, etc., and Assembler 


MVS Operating Systems environment Expert knowledge of MVS internals and TSO required. 
Knowledge of MVS/XA advantageous. 






At least five years IBM applications experience, of which the last 3 must have been in an on line MVS in- 
stallation. Thorough experience in developing COBOL and/or PL/1 applications in an MS/CICS realtime 
environment Able to undertake analysis work with a minimum of supervisi 

implementation and documentation standards. 

supervision, are) work to strict 

The appointments are famBy status and offered on contract terms of service for an initial period of two years. 
Salaries shown are tax free in Oman and calculated at current exchange rates. They include a 25% end of con- 
tract gratuity. Also provided is free furnished air conditioned accommodation, car. medical treatment and 45 
days (Technical Services Manager and Applications Development Manager 60 days) leave per annum for 
which air return fares are paid" 

Applications with detaSed curriculum vitae attached and confect telephone number (s) should be mailed so as 
to arrive not later than 31st October, 1986. 

Address applications to: 

The inspector General of Pofiee and Customs, 

For Attention of Asst Inspector General (D.GJP.) 

C/O Mr. E_ Hoffin, 

62 Richmond Road, 


sex, BN11 




A home network that suits everyone 

Frank Townsend had 
dreamed for years of escaping 
the high-lechnology rat race 
and pursuing a gentler ex is-, 
tencc in west Wales. But he 

lem. provided you know the 
protocols. And if I do need a 
different machine, the com- 
pany sends it by train " 

Mr Townsend's boss, Diana 

assumed he would have to. Hill, -also works from home, 
wait until his retirement be- She started as a suDuort 

fore he could move there. 

He was wrong and now li ves 
in rural splendour in Cymru 
while continuing his career in 

Mr Townsend is one of the 
growing band of networkers 
who manage to have it in the morning. 

one stance as a support 
programmer 14-years ago and 
increased her workload as her 
children grew older. 

She is now general manager 
of a unit employing ISO offsite 
workers ' who specialize kt 
software development and 
customer applications. 

She said: “My people are ail 

did when working within 

F. International is installing 
a company-wide communica- 
tions network. So for. more 
than 1 00 managers who are 
directly employed ' by the 
organization can now commu- 
nicate - with One another 
through the modem and elec-' 
ironic mailbox. 

Next year the network win 
begin to-be extended to the 
sen-employed members, al- 
though it has not yet been 
decided whether they will boy 
their own compntersarrent 
. them from F. International. 

Despite the public image of 
the networker beavering away 
at the keyboard, it is only j 
relatively recently that com- 
puter homeworkers have 
needed their own terminals. 

' Previously, they were able 
lo work out programs on 
paper and test them during 
visits to the client’s own 
Computer. The arrival of the 
cheap micro and the develop- 
ment of fourth-generation 
productivity aids is making 
this approach seem primitive. 

Software now exists which 
allows a program written on a 
micro to be used on a PC or a 
mainframe. It can then be 
tested by making computer to 
computer contact by tele- 
phone line. 

This means fewer visits wiH 
have to be made to the client 
and in turn will add to the 
isolation of the networker. 

Loneliness is. already rec- 
ognized as a problem and both 
ICL and F. International 
make a point of getting 
homeworkers together. This 
win be even more important 
when workers are no longer 
dealing with a voice at the end 
of the phone, but an anony- 
mous subscriber to the elec- 
tronic mailbox. 

ICL Rank Xerox and F 
International demand at least 
four years’ computing experi- 
ence for those wanting to 
become networkers. 

sailing in the afternoon and ' very professional and in every 
computing whenever it suits case this is a career — not a 


There is nothing amateurish' 
about the way he and his 
colleagues operate. Indeed the 
three leading employers of 
such networkers - ICL Rank 
Xerox and F. Internationa] — 
all say they are keen to expand 
their workforce. 


By Ann Kent 

Mr Townsend is officially a 
part-time employee of ICL 
contracted to do 30 hours 
work a week and entitled to 
the usual holiday and pen- 
sions benefits.. He works from 
a spare bedroom, generally 
using a PC which allows him 
to network with clients all 
over Britain. 

Like most networkers he 
stresses that one of the great 
charms ofthe job is its variety. 
One day he may be linked 

hobby. Because the industry 
moves so quickly, it can be 
difficult for people working 
completely on their own to 
keep up to date with 

“Computer consultants 
who have freelanced come to 
work for us because we can 
offer them training courses 
and career - development. 
There are tremendous advan-. 
tages for women who become 
offsite workers because they 
can move to other parts of the 
country when their husbands 
change jobs without damaging 
their own careers." 

Rank Xerox has a different 
system. Horrified by the 
escalating costs of office space, 
the company looked for ways 
to cut overheads while retain- 
ing the skills of highly trained 

It came up with a formula 
whereby it provided free ma- 
chines on loan and a guar- 

Phil Judkins: not just about saving money on office space 

with a water-board computer anteed amount of work, to be 

ISO miles away, the next 
working out programs to en- 
able people to buy their homes 
from the council, or thinking 
up a stock-control system fora 
diesel-engine manufacturer. 

“I thoroughly recommend 
this way of working," he said. 
“The cost of living is lower 
here and so 30 hours a week is 

carried out on a contract basis. 
The former employees then 
left their jobs and formed their 
own computer consultancy 

Phil Judkins, who heads 
management services at Rank 
Xerox, said: "ft wasn't just 
about saving money on office 
space. With an increasingly 

the scheme, with one or two 
new ones joining each month. 
I turn down one application in 
two. Not everyone has the 
resilience to be self-employed 
in this way." 

“Our networkers slay with 
us and we regard this as a 
successful experiment.” 

While ICL’s offsite workers 
provide services for ICL cli- 
ents. Mr Judkins's outworkers 
mainly look for ways of 
promoting Xerox interests. 

Market research, the defin- 
ing of new overseas markets 
and activities, recruitment ad- 
vice, public-relations work 
and financial analysis are 
increasingly provided by peo- 
ple working for themselves 
from home. 

The biggest employer of 

Home workers operate in 
teams under the guidance of a 
project manager and work on 
a contract basis at an hourly 
rate. Their spokeswoman, 
Rosie Symons, said: “Flexibil- 
ity is what home-working is all 
abouL All the jobs are es- 
timated and planned, so peo- 
ple can arrange their child- 
minding well in advance. 

“By working-, with us, 
women keep their skills alive, 
and that is particularly im- 
portant in computing which is 
so short of good people. Home 
workers are paid pro rata the- 
same kind of money they 
would get if they were . 

“However, many people 
like the freedom they get from 

enough. It leaves me plenty of well educated workforce, peo- 
time to enjoy my p| e seek the right to control 

networkers is F. International. - working in this way so much 
The F stands for freelance — that they carry on even when 


“Equipment is not a prob- 

iheir own work. 

“We have 58 out-workers in 

but because 95 per cent of the 
1.000 homeworkers are 
women, it could just as well 
stand for female. 

their children are older. Those 
who stay comment that they 
rise to management positions 
much more quickly than they 

‘A poor use is reported in tersely roiai areas 

play games on the system 

The results of an inquiry into the use of the 

French viewdata system reveal that oji average. 

only half the terminals are used to access even 
the most basic of services. 

The report, published by - the A ssociation 
Francaise deTetematique (AFTELK provides 
some useful insights into French public 
artiiwtes towards Minitel and TekrteL It sets 
some of foe wilder claims about foe system's 
success in some kind of context, and no doubt 
pleases British Telecom whose Prestej 
viewdata servie is often compared 
unfavourably to the French. _ 

More than two million Minitel terminals 
have been distributed free to users in widely 
differing parts of France. Intended first as an 
eiertronic replacement for the bard-oopy 
phone directory, three dial-up gateways into 
foe Tdetel network have been provided. 


By Jonathan Reynolds 

Open up a new channel 
of communication. 

*.;•**« .*• 


;; / 

%St • '*"*• -ffy* ~ ^.V'.TV 

tir ; ; ,<*#?:■: x x a 



The payslip is possibly the most likely to give rise to queries, 

volatile document a company produces, • When British Aerospace Space and 

a tangible token of how much an indi- Communication Division used Unipay 
vidual feds valued. from Peterborough Software to print 

Any upset in its sensitive balance of messages on payslips they 

additions and deductions will cause a reducedenquiries/wiii 
disgruntled queue to form at the door of by 90%. like • >s — 

the Payroll Office. other custOTers,^^”^ 

Dday in backdating a pay increase, they use it as an in- ^N^smrnient 
commission not accounted for, a sudden of management rather than simply 

tax rise... the effects of such unexplained administration. When you consider that 

events can throw a long shadow. human resources account for around 

Yet the right human resource soft- 65%ofa typical large organisation's 
ware can have a wholly positive effect on operating costs, isn't it worth fi ling ou t 

reflecting different charging methods, which 
together allow access to 1,600 on-tine services. 

The enormous growth in the number of 
terminals available for use and the consequent 
burgeoning of information providers to users 
of those terminals has meant, paradoxically, 
that little up-to-date information has been 
available on who uses the networks, and for 

The first observation of the report was that 
out ofthe 1,000 people surveyed possessing a 
terminal, only one third made regular use of 
mainstream services — excluding, the elec- 
tronic phone book service.* Two hundred 
others used the terminal only to look up phone 
numbers on the-**unnuairc electron ique". 

Of those who use m ain s tre am videotex 
services, half consulted them at least once a 
week and 19 per cedt every day. Two 

contrasting types of behaviour emerge: the 
small group of dedicated users and the laige 
group of occasional users. Figures for regular 
use are substantially below the national 
population of terminals. 

For comp a ri so n. Britain's Ptestd service 
daims an averag: of 67,000 terminals. While 
there is no comparable information on Prestel 
use. the cist of the UK terminal alone would 
give a much higher number of regular users as 
a proportion of terminals attached. 

The two contrasting types of user behaviour 
correspond to different demands made of the 
French .system by users. Dedicated users 
tended tospend much of their time connected 
to games services or electronic messaging 

VM aipv jvi 

While etertronic.incssagiag for the minority 
occupies much of the Tetetet network's 
activity, it is the majority of users and their 
needs which the report concludes will shape 
thefoiure form of ifcifoiiSfilr* V 
. These tendencies shouttabo allow thetrpe 
features of value of teleservices to emerge: 
avoiding wasted tune: avoiding problems in 
business transactions — financial, booking 
ordering serviced In foort, making tifocasier 
for the urban professional. 

Jonathan Reynolds is a research associate at 
Templeton College. The Oxford Centre for 
Management Studies. 

The big 


■ Dec User Show, Barbican, 
London, today until Thursday, 


S t-608 1161) 

computer Graphics Show, 
Wembley. London, Wednesday 
until Friday 

■ General Practice Computer 
Exhibition — Moc fi cal comput- 
ing Forum HaU, Wytfwnshawe, 
Manchester, October 23-25 

■ Micros in Design, Design 
Centre, Haymarket London 
SW1 , November 12 - December 
19(01-838 8000) 

From previous page 
president Aryeh Finegold, 
further exacerbated its situa 1 

Both have cash reserves in 
excess of $70 million. “We’re 
too . expensive and smart 
organisations don’t try to 
absorb high technology start 
ups like us because it kills 
them,” points; out Mr 

■ Compoc, Olympia. London. 
November 11-14 (01-821 5555) 

■ Computers in the City, 
Barbican. Loodoiiv November 
18-20 a 

Ji British Telecom fc fmljwoe fc 
Strategy Donferehce, 
Sedgewck Centre, LondotvEI, 
-November 18-19 (01-608 1.161) 
People end Technology, 
Queen EUz&beth it Conference 
Centre. Westminster. London, 
November 25-27 (01-727 1928) 
C1MAP ^ Factory ■intinneiliMi 
National Exhibition Gantts,’ B»>- 
mfogham, December 1-5 (01- 
8913426) j 

interactive Video, Metrapbie 

Hotel. Brighton, 
11 (01-8471847) 

The strange thing is that 
none of tire . potential big 
market entrants . have man- 
aged to take advantage of this 
glitch in either Daisy or 
Mentor's path to stardom. 
And though Valid -has looked 
like a “good buy” for some 
tune, it too is fighting its way 
back back again with its 
Micro vax II based products^ 

Hewlett-Packard and 
Tektronix both made a great 
fuss of their entry into- the 








CAE business fast year, yet 
still DMV account for ' be- 
tween 65 per cent and 75 per 
cent of total sales, and all three 
maintain that the only com- 
petition they come up against 
is each other. 

. ' Bnipafc Onjp^on.A^ipsonifal^and .BSSSR 

package ; froitt.Feterborixi#f;Suffe^ ttgftie&ttf; 

mauttam systems to ftrirffaff Tire 'Timas- top. fob. 

facts yoaaeeif to keep confroldveMito human factor; 
and at foe same time enable^ town a tweedp-free 
atfnttotstoafan sensitive toriffing&bottfrom i wtfiaj 
and outside. v — 

*east 9 matt-years design*#* systemtoom sqafcfiL ■ * 

people's morale. ■ | ^ore about how 

Not only can it ■ ||y|% I EIU|% a flexible system 

jnore easily accom- H VI U'lv can help you 

inodate changes, . FROM PETERBOROUGH software (UK) limited make the most 

SStee Making the most of people. £ir 

technical Back-up, including free training courses. .• - 

Free no-ttofioatren foanoa^rafom . so m 
gym see Ihfeystems fa aetkm. We edit be faea^dto 
anangeaiferoiBlratwiiByoiirofBce'usaiga' * 
portable terminal. For details, get in touch wfih'me at ‘ 
the address bekw. 

Jane Lewis, PetertroroughSoftware (UK) UtL ■■ 
Thorpe Park. Peterborough PE3 6JY. Tel: (8733) 41010'. 
Telex: 32307. Tbfefax: (0733) 312347. 

.Where competition does 
seeiii to be emerging is small 
niches that are really special- 
reed subsets of tire overall 
electronic design automation 
business.- One of the most 
exciting of these . is silicoti 
compilation, pioneered by 
companies, such as Silicon 
Compilers Inc (SCR, and Se- 
attle Silicon Technology. 

Taken to the extreme,. sili- 
con compilation ' system S 
would allow' users to chop a 
functional description of the 
product they . want.into one 
end — and the necessary chips 
would drop out ofthe other. ., 

Dataquest, a research, con- 

amstrad in the errtf 

-AsMxad in *cOjy-is« senator ombe nevAmaxaiUCiSEtead 


1 ■ • • • 

• Nnw^lu »nd rfic Amwmt prowtel) 

J^acM atiJBiom(nuuriuuic«fldnticfi m TbeSufiw Roonj ' 

* nS~h^.!TT PWi!nm -ThcWVitbrtadi h W-. ■' 

TMMKd’lgrAiBsttad • ChwtfettStn** " i 

■ UrgtMkx-indBdinc 40Mb hud dWw LondonBCI 



. 01-828 9000 . 

■ srecwtrsEO SUPPORT ron Business COUPVT&ts' - 

sultancy, estimates that there 
ire only 3,000 to 4.000 inte- 
grated circuit designers 
around today, compared with 
about 700,000 systems de- 
signers. These advance tools 
address a skills shortage that 
threatens the development of 
future generations of chips 
and computers. 

With a few exceptions, no- 
one in foe high-technology 
industries is safe, .But CAL 
does seem- to be one place 
‘where small companies, at 
least for foe present, are 
holding their own. 


e 'v- - ' V 

l? ^ ■' 
& .V ' 

.*• M • 

A' H' 

,.rf- ; v 


hosts, while more pmdfcrt eaeraconce w rated 
on nKwr practical servicts. .. i:.;. 

Network traffic as* result «<towii*ted % 
tele-messagiiig. bulletin boards,- lontly beans 
columns all used, * would seem, by foe 
dedicated few. ~ k 

The typical French user » between 25.fotgft 
35 years of age. That teJescmces arc also seen 
as a predominantly urban tool »& confirmed bjr 
foe poor use reported in largely rani areas, 
despite the agnail rural teleservices on oilier 
there similar to PresteTS Farm link. 

The benefits are seen by were iaraely in 
terms of time and journeys stored over 
traditional methods - train tickets purchased 
and reservations booked. 

However, for one regular user m IQ. foe 
teleservice they most often usqd hadna 
traditional equivalent This was a reason given 
for consulting aff the top 10 services. Tot per 
cent isa relatively small figure, but SigRtfic&nt. 

Teleservices bring a new means of dealing 
with the need for information, because they 
offer immediate and selective access to a mass 
of data, or because they permit .' spttdier 
transactions (financial or textual) to tifoe 
place. They are not only substitute fin- 
traditional sources. ^ but- are also Opening up 
wholly new markets for mformatiori in Ifrance 
But such time savings are not wiihaht cost 
to foe user- this wasiheinoslcritidaedaspect 
of the service. Teletd bas the reputation .of 
being an expensive senwx. 

Users who spend hours on the pay4^jK». 
use service have been tending to receive 
unpleasant s ti rp ri ses every ample of months 
in the form of a MIL Thirty per cent of men 
claimed they had st o pped rising a particular 
service because of its cost- 
Tire report attributes sodtcomphtihis to the 
mysterious inability of users to muftipty tfae 
number of hours used by the cost prir hour, bat 
information providers are not keen to display 
the cost of their services in a prom inept pfact 
on the-screen. 

\ " 

v-“- -iff** 



£13,300 t**JW 

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(> v 



A guide to 
career opportunity 


an eye on standards 

by a trading 

tioned the driver' awt SS° n0W ' t * ue ¥" 

>wi*hl cfhKS about ,hi nature “d 

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dfaa *-lv 


J^SSR '**** 10 «* a® 

?H- JgJ Jj "“jwte. too. accompa- 
rbv G ^am Edwards, area trading 
.officer for MatKeni, who had 
: for we to see a number irf 

^fcaSed 35 ^:^ gros? overloading, j 


be prohibited frota proceeding 
■ Had been removed 

. J^^nfnngen^ts -notify -efidud a 


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t‘^ umer proton, are 
> gSi S^J-fWdon ™ mctropoUtan 

a * tSSTsfSizssn c ° undis - until 

• : KJrJjJj 1 .*® fim Trades Descriptions 
fo^aodiority hmive- 

* EE? snmdards bad mainly 

* and.measnres andfbod 

’ -IS « increase in 

'i'SEEffiP led to a change 

'i WemplasK from weights and measures 
to trading, standards m general. 

Some » authorities 1 have separate 

i" Constant vi gilan ce and 
• regular sessions to 
review problem areas 

depairtrtioriis' which specialize in con- 

* su ? ier ndywe. even gmng so fir as to 
I re^esent a complainam m the county 
..'cnuriL However, this. is. an expensive 

. TMryice, and counties like. Kent, whfle 
: !prei»ned to help and advise the con- 
^'iumer who has bad a'ppor deal, do not 
act indyU cases.. 

My day with the Kent service had 
■ stinted at Tpnbridge Wells. Tbae^ I wgs 
. .shown the measures used to test petrol 
-^■pujnp^ sets of standards (weights to you 
' and me), -and the stamps used by 
pispfectdrs to -show that Kales or inea- 
wirts ‘.had been certified either as 
- ’accurate or not. 

' ■’•• We moved into the electricity safety 

inralflrv whpn> winWc dimoHAfl rtf 

being faulty are screened. Once a fault 
• hasheen diagnosed, the item goes to the 
British Standards testing centre, as its 
evnftehce is accepted in a court of law. 

' Inspectors watch out for items which 
Ibokras if they might prove dangerous. 
One such whs a fijier for a garden pooL 
The pumping unit was connected to 
r domestic mams and also contained a 
’* decorative light- It was constructed to sit 
. ^mve the water but, should it fell in, the 
water would become live. The depart- 
- mem was considering prosecution when 
someone was in feet killed. 

; From Tunbridge' Wells we drove fo 
.' Maidstone: After watching t(ie yehicle- 

Joan Llewelyn Owens 
spends a'day with 
the people who see; . 
we get a fair deal 

checking. operation, we went to the 
Safeway store. Here two officers were 
carrying out routine testing of weighing 
machines at point of sale. 

Trading standards- officers^ inspect all 
• 'Shops and 'maikets,^ factories: warehouses 
and importers. Samples may be taken For 
analysis. For instance, minced meat: is 
sampled to determine fit levels and 
general content 

In addition to verifying weights and 
measures, TSOs check on labelling and 
advertising material, investigate com- 
plaints aqdadvise traders.' 

. - On the principle that prevention is 
. better than prosecution, Safeway’s hy- 
giene and quality control manager, 
Dennis Dimming, has regular sessions 
with trading standards to review any 
! problem areas. With more Jba* 20,000 
lines on sale in one store, constant 
vigilance has to be maintained. 

?. was shown socks on which the 
original label had given undue emphasis 
to ihe cotton comenu which was smafl. A 
member of the public had brought this to 
theattention of the Canterbury TS office, 
who notified Mr Cuxnmmg. Aster talking 
it over, he arranged for the goods to go 
back to the manufacturer. 

Safeway** head office and Warehouses 
are at Aylesford. As importers. Safeway 
is subject to further regulations and 
trading standards co-operated with the 
company in developing a computer 
program to meet the legal requirements 
and run prescribed checks. 

Our next caN was at the calibration 
centre at West Mailing where the 
accuracy of the county's weights and 
measures is maintained John dark,. a 
principal TSO, is in charge and is a 
specialist bulk-fuel officer. 

Assisted by a technical officer, he Was 
verifying ihe meter on the trader from a 
mobile-testing vehicle used to check 
quantities of gas, oil and kerosene. 

Kent , verifies, meters for otto* coun- 
ties, loo. and it can tak e two or three days 
to check just one. The procedure 
involves pumping liquid from a storage 
tank through the meter into a proving 

Errors are determined at various rates of 

When not so engaged, Mr Clark works 
as an investigating officer on cars 
suspected of having been “docked” 
(having their odometers set back) and on 
tyre safety.' All tyres are marked to show 
their speed and, load capability, and 
retreads in particular are often found to 
be severely wanting. ' 

At the calibration centre (here is a six- 
monthly comparison of the working 
standard* carried out by officers against 
local standards held by the centre. The 
tolerances allowed are minute, say, the 
weight of six postage stamps on a 561b 

bag of potatoes. The electronic compar- 
ator can weigh infinitesimal amounts, 
and show the' difference in weight 
between a piece of paper and that paper 
with initials scribbled on ft. 

On our return to Tunbridge Wells, we 
stopped- to inspect the site for a petrol 
station. Trading standards officers have 
enforcement powers tinder so many Acts 
. that they tend to serialize and Mr 
Edwards is foe petroleum specialist for 
Mid Kent. 

He had previously been called out by 
one of his officers whowas unhappy-with 
the way in which the sides of the hote ex- 
cavated for. the petroleum spirits 
were subsiding! One of the duties of 
■ trading standards is to license garages 
: arid approve their construction, - 

At Tunbridge Wells the staff had 
assembled a number of couwerfen rally 
Jackets, with logos purporting to be those 
of BMW. Jaguar and Mercedes Benz. 
These had been seized in Thabridge. 
from one of foe many traders who attend 
race meetings at Brands Hatch, where 
trading standards license foe storage of 
fuel for motor racing. Prosecutions 
would be initiated under foe Trades 
Descriptions Act. 

In a single day one can experience only 
.a fraction of the wide variety of work 
' undertaken by training standards offi- 
cers. I have not, for instance, referred to 
the enforcement of animal health laws, 
and the safeguarding of this country 
from rabies. Bufaheady it is dear that af- 

Meeting people and the 
ability to assess and 
to draw conclusions 

though TSOs need a wide-ranging 
' knowledge of legislation, statistics, build- 
ing construction and so on. they cannot 
be pure academics. 

They have logo out on the road, keep 
their eyes open and undertake practical 
often dirty; tasks in all weathers. They 
must also be able to meet and assess 
- people from all backgrounds and to draw 
conclusions from what they see. 

Minimum educational qualifications 
are five passes in GCE (or GCSE) which 
must indude English language, math- 
ematic and physics, with at least two 
subjects at A-level, or equivalent 
qualifications. Many authorities now 
recruit graduate trainees. Training is 

5ivut uii a uu^/uu uiuuw icirasw 

course for. the Diploma in Trading 
Standards, covering the majority of the 
work of the TSO, inducting the statutory 
qualifications required to act as an 
inspector of weights and measures. Local 
authorities also employ enforcement 
land investigating officers. 

Some of. these wiU, while at work, 
study for the Diploma in Consumer 
Affairs and then be considered as trainee 

Careers leaflets are available from the 
Institute of Trading Standards Admin- 
istration,. Metropolitan. House, 37 Vic* 
toria Avenue, Southend-on-Sea. Essex 

Financial Planning 
Resource Allocation 
ant I Internal Audit 

. --a key role in tlic running of one of 
tlte Country's biggest organisations 

Based Manchester Salary to £25,000 pj. 

The North WfesCem Regional Health Authority is the. 
second largest region in England, with an annual revenue 
budget of £900 million, spread across 19 District Health 
Authorities and including a capital programme of £70 
-million per year. 

Reporting lb the Assistant General Manager, this position 
carries responsibility for the effective management of three 
. important sectionsof the Finance and Management Services 
Divison — Financial Planning, Resource Allocation and 
internal Audit. 

In particular, the successful [applicant will ensure the 
comparability or all resource aspects of the strategic and 
shore term plans, the resource allocation policies and the 
consequences of the Capital investmen t programme of the 
RHS. He or she will also play a major part in the review 
process relatingto District Health Authorities. 

The position represents an excellent opportunity for 
someone with relevant skills to develop and extend these 
three key areas, as well as their career. CIPFA qualified or 
the holder of a similar accountancy qualification, you will 
have extensive experience in financial planning and 
internal audit, gained in the public service i industry or 
commerce. In your mid-late 30Xyou will possess good 
managerial and communication skills together with the 
ability to interpret information quickly. 

Ion form and Job 


Peraanml PhrlBowu 
StMathr Manchester 

Hi refereni 




' I 

md-downs health 


Unit General Manager 

SHm, : SWOP p er jfflim basic. pto 7« fe; 
ereDoouy pay art wWAhI Pg™™* m,£m 
pay. (Pay award pending for 1986/87). 

The Authority has jjS j® 

looking for a General Manger for its East fort to 
take-mpHfoferty for a wide range of services. 

■Hie Urit includes a District General Hosmtal of 296 
beds, a menial illness tospart with KrSadswhkjh 
includes regional speeches m neurosoenras, drtd 
ami adole scen t psychiatry- Gomnwrty and mid- 
fomtiwrwnwider Of the UmtwWch 
has a budget of around £20 mSfion and a staffing 
lewd of 1466- 

Work has started Ml ? S** ■* «Mlm 
Haywards Heath and s scheduled to be opened 
during ^ 1989. Revised Manage ment sb udures are 
now operational throughout te dirtndand thwes- 
an experienced amf capable team hi post to saqpport 
the fort General Afariagw. 

An intonnation package is avafoble from: 

»*» ■»« RHW 4BE. 

to wfeenCV? sfeMrid be seat by fee 
- ™3W0etobw1fl86. 
HbnMleMirtirtabi >Hber.Prtter CMfopele - 




Do you possess a lively mind? Are 
you able lo assimilate analyse, distill 
and communicate information 

Would you like to work in a lively team 
helping one of Britain's biggest 

The NFU which represents farmers 
and growers m England and Wales 
seeks to make the following 


Two appointments, a senior and a junior involved in 
setting pofces for potatoes, seeds, proton crops, new 
crops 'and technksl matters. 


A junior post the person appointed wffl be concer ne d 
manly wth l ie pig industry hut will also be expected 
to take ai interest in poultry. 


A junior working mainly n the area of farm inputs and 
sevicas and negotiations with appropriate bodies. 


A senior appointment for someone with hair and sound 
business sense able to assess complex situations and 
commudcate dear practical solutions. To jon an 
energetic front fine team responsible fix providing 
business services to farmers. This post wifl involve 
some travel 

Camfidates stnuHl have a good degree, preferably in 
agricubure, economics, a natural science, business 
studies, marketing or affied discipline. Applicants for 
the senior appointments should have some 
post-graduate experience. 

The salary range wHI be from £8.750 to £17,304 
according to age, quriffications and experience. 

For further information and application forms, stating 
in which position you are interested, apply to: 


£16194 - £17262 

(A hijfoef rate could be considered for an 
outstanding candidate) 

Recently established by the Government, 
the MESU is setting up its central offices 
at the University of Warwick Science Park 
in Coventry. The Unit is funded for five 
years to produce educational materials for 
schools, to provide a complementary 
information service, to support teacher- 
trainers, and to continue earlier work in 
special education. Approximately 40 
professional and support staff wifl be 
employed at the centre in Coventry. 

We require a wel-motivated and energetic 
individual for this senior post in the 
education service - an individual able to 
tackle diverse responsibilities and able to 
respond to needs with speed, imagination 
and rigour. The working environment wifi 
be lively and professional.: - 

The successful candidate can expect to 

* become a member of the Unit's 

* supervise clerical and administrative 
support within the Unit 

* exercise responsibilities for the 
accounts and for personnel 

* oversee a media support team 

” manage a Unit network on which staff 
wifi word process, maintain diaries 
and databases, and communicate 

The position offers a rare opportunity. 
You will not only gain further broad 
experience at a senior administrative 
level You will also extend your current 
expertise with new technology and 
systems for the office. 

Conditions of appointment will be 
analogous to those fo Ideal government 

Letters of application with CV should be 
sent to Mr. J. Foster, Director MESU, 
Advanced Technology Building, Science 
Park, Un iversity of Warwick, Coventry : 
CV4 7EZ. Further details are avaftable; 
please telephone 02 03 41 8994. { 

Closing, date 22nd October 1986 

or Graham Wood * District PenosMi Officer. 
rSiriBi 29 v 32 respectively. 

KMtj w mlnster - 
Advice Centra: Drugs and Alcohol 

andDrugs Counsellor 

An Advice Centra is- being established In 
Kidderminster on the initiative of the Kidderminster 
Addiction and Dependency Group, tt will be 
manned by Aquarius under contract to the District 
Health Authority. The Advice Centre will provide, 
information on drug ^and alcohol misuse, reterfei to 
statutory services; and: counselling. The Co- 
ordinator wW contribute to training and education 
work Applicants should have a background in 
sodal work, nursing; counsefflrig or psychology or 
other relevant area, with experience In the find oJ 
drug, or alcohol problems. Salary range; ea39t- 
£9,034 or CTOJ6C^£12jS7 ac c or di ng - to 

qualriieittona. and .experience. 

AppN ca tton forme from: Paul Men; Aquarius, 3rd 
Poor, 111 New Street, Blrn rtn qham B 2 4EU. Please 
enc l o se e targe. «4u. Cloeing date for receipt of 
appflc aU o ns : 27ft October. „ - 



AppSetions are inviteti tor the post of Under of Be Scottish 


Development Officer 


Satary to a Maximal of £18,011 
Ptas Essential Dser Car Allowance or Lease Car and, 
where appropriate, generous relocation assistance. 

An excellent opportunity exists for an energetic and sett motivated 
person to head a section of the Council in stimulating the economic 
growth fo the Borough, parifcufarfy in relation to industry, commerce 
and tourism. 

m either 

or tourism developments 

This is a new and exciting job with an innovative Authority in an area 
which is one of foe fastest growing in the Country. 

The postholder wHI be based In King's Lynn, which is a thriving 
mdustnal port and market town, in foe centre of a 550 square mile 
Borough which has a population of 124,500. The Borough also 
Indudes die Royal Estate of Sandringham, a large coastal area, 
designated as one of outstanding natural beauty, as wed as small 
towns and vfilages surrounded by beautiful countryside. 

Ajrotfcattea fanro sad Jet Pucriptteas an avafbUe fnm the Fcrseam 


TctepfeMeltoO^ Lyaa 701 241 ExtmsiM 278 or 285. 

BY 24th October 1906. 



Administration Officer 


To provide services to 
CDC's General Management 
Board, including the prepar- 
ation of agendas and minutes 
and siftsequent administrative 
vrork, and to undertake a 
number of duties for CDC's 
LegaJ Department 

Applicants should have 
had some experience of the 
provision ofsenricestoa board 
or committee and experience 
of the general work of — 

a company sec re- A - 

tary’s office would j \ 

be an advantage. I 
The starting salary 

for this position would be in 
the range of £8820 to £1 2,370 
and the benefit package 
includes non-contributory 
pension scheme, low interest 
mortgage loan and free lunches 
and medical insurance. 

Please write to Mrs. V. 
Nicholas, Senior Personnel 
Executive, Commgnwealth 

Development Corporation, 

33 Hill Street, London 

W1A3AR, quoting 
. X Serial 2202, giving 
r A brief details of qualk 
) fiCatlonS) experience 
and salary required. 

Development Corporation 



(SALARY CIRCA 08,000 P.A.) 

This is a demanding post with a progressive 
Regional Council and becomes vacant m February 1987. 
Only persons with considerable management experience 
and leadership capabilities should apply. 

Usual local authority conditions on superannuation, 
travelling, removal expenses etc. and J.N.C Conditions 
of Service apply. 

Further details and application forms (to be returned by 
31st October, 1986) from Chief Executive, 

Central Regional Council. View forth, Stirling. 

Tel: Stiriing 73111, Exl 223. 

Ftaqmd (or this mothar and 
tew home wMdl provides 
and monitor s antt- and post- 
natal care. 

TWa excWfig project is run m 
doss co-opsmon with local 
social services doparenenis- 

A good salary commensurate 
wttn quatficatrans and ex- 
perience » payable with ths 
non-readendal appranhnent- 

For further Wormation and 
job dBsenphon please write 
or phone the 

St John's Olo«»s«n Hom. 

27-29 Aeblejr Roed, 
MontpeSen MrtoL BS8 5NJ. 
Tet 0272-49873. 

Of Agriatftfial E 
Centre for Rml 

I) which b sited A tee Edinburgh 
near fenctik, 6 rates sort at 

The Director wil be respcnsibte to the Bmrd- of the Scottish 
Agriortual Cdteges through tee Principal of tee East of Scot- 
land College at Agriuttso tar tee efficient operation of a 
research and development aid teaching faciSty In agrfcaudtuvatiy 
(elated engmeenng: nertaing of tee Centra's Bupctsepromo- 
ftw os R + Dcormctand eoreidtancy wort and the provision 
rt.a specafist adrisoty service far ftis abject . 

Applicants omd possess a degree m a sutabte branch of 
eogffftermg anti have a postgraitoateijBBltflcajwwB^^ 
■same rfajrre of suectefisatiwi. A knowledge of agriculture and 
agriotttural sngneenng wifl be advantageous tet not essantiaL 

The salary is on the scale £taOS> - £24302 per annum with a 
naiKtnldMoiy superannuation scheme, wopnale travel 
rod sobsteence allowoces, and IS days annoal leave. - 

e obtained from 

of Aoricubue. 
date for msipi . 

! Please, quote reference SAC/SCAE. 


Saton tli art. FO Bn B-11 ttua - 

Anon County Councfl is a ‘age public ailUj? sons 
35J® people wte A budget ti over E4fldni tee tonefe 
tie^quaiteR buhSngs ate situated in Bristol and tee County 
Used is baled n a vey ateaetiw part ol Ihe country utih easy 
access to tee Countryside and the coasL 
life zre seeta ng appSca iwB tor ftb denranifing second tier 

Legil Division and wil ad for the teractor of Atenrtstnition 
and Cornly Sohitor across (lie whole Department as neces- 
sary. This wfi morie daafing with tee entire range of Counly 
Council fuK&ons. 

As «*8 as being qualified sofc&rs applicants must have wtde 
experiencE ewer seswal yeac in tan, adnurtslraiton and manage- 
merd gamed wMMn tee puttc seder. 

Apptofiralwj tow avriMfMtMor ms tram 
tee Dbecter trt Pnn e— eL FO Bra 270. Am Horae, Tfc 
jbjtefoMt B 8M7tffwtorotoro MM 291565 

Sw^olB iBhWrtce teSar ADty0j8/T2 wto 
stag lor Jor** wWcti mrt be refamwd by 27ttt 
October 1988. 

Avon » an BpaJ Opportun^NH 
ttapkiyer coosHen on ftter 

m, race. rSab^orseual 





8 Shafton Road, Hackney, London E9 
Tel: 01-986 2309 

The Lockwood Care Attsndart Service otters "hours ot care" at 1 
horn lo people of any age who need personal help because of 
tries- physical disabiMns. tee Sendee was set up m 1884 with 
financial support from the Health and Social Services aid the 
Sisters of Charity m Hackney. 

ten Organisers are responsible to the Management Committee 
fte oraansing atxl developing a reliable and cost-effective service 
mutually satisfactory to its dtents and Care Attendants 
Applicants should have practical experience of the personal care 
needs ot disabled people, understanding of the statuttxy and 
other services with responsibilities on this field: interview and 
assessment skills: and the ability to tram and support the Care 
Attendants (currently 26) In tear work. 

Salary £9.000 • EtZjQOQ p.a. according to quafificatxms and 

Enquiries to the Omantsers: E. Gibbons and C. Gura: appheattons 
to tee Chairman at the Management Committee, sanding a full 
CV. Closing date Friday. 24th October. 1966. Early appomtmeiTls 

Director of Building 
Services and Planning 

EhrtSng Servte and Planning wrtch fas vacant on 
btJanuary 1987. 

University Court tor the planning ana mam re naneeof 
QndWaies should ha* an raiwave knowledge erf 
theconsDucdon industry indudhg contraa proeedwes, 
pfanrtngcnnsentsarxf the technical matters associated 

with both refurbishment and new works 

The post is ptced on Grade IV of the salary scales fty 
/vadenioflebted ^dmrtstrativeSJEtffatasala^ine*^ 
of £20000 jxa, Theappdreee win become a memcer of 
ttreUnfwersiats'S^erarvi Lfl 

DfeectorofRasonnefServIDes, Uhh*rscyof Glasgow. 

Glasgow Q2 BOO. mwncmappacaBoroiSo^jies] with 

the names and addresses of three referees, should be sent 
on or before 17th Ncwntwc 1986- 

h reply please quote Bef.Na 5B09E. 

« 861 
; car 

u 3 



.Spi;,^ ^« s22k&b* ! 


| A unique employment service based on trust 

: I Many people think of The Corps only as 

a providing uniformed staff. 

. . Whilst this is our main business, we also 

ASHamB provide g imiiRwt non-uniform ed staff on a 

permanent basis as office managers, 
bun din g services managers, administration 
officers, estate supervisors and caretakers, 
"warehouse controllers, receptionists, 
registry and post room personnel and 
many other similar poses. And because 
these functions are carried out in the 
Services, our men and women have 
thorough experience in these areas. 


F ypthltandi 

TtaWai j 


The personnel we select are exclusively 
former members of HEM Forces, The Police, 
The Merchant Navy and The Fire Service. 

You provide the job brief and. after 
selection and screening, well proride you 
with exactly the right person to interview. 
A person of reliability, experience, and 
complete trust. 

Wfe have many fine candidates on file 
- and we know where iq I oca le others for 
special needs, it will cost no thing 
to talk to us. so call us today. Jf? 
Tel: 01-353 1125 Jfe 

or fill in the coupon. 

I TO: Major Tony Northey, The Corps of Commissionaires, 3 Crane Court, Fleet St, 
■ London EC4A 2EJ. Please send me further information. 




A^Corps* * 

of Commissionaires I 

J lei. No: A unique employment service based on mist j 

j London. Belfast. Birmingham. Bristol. Edinburgh. Glasgow. Leeds. LivcrpooL Manchester. Newcastle. >TB | 





The Governors invite applications for the 
appointment of Bursar at this independent 
(HMQ school near Maidstone in Kent 

CHRISTIAN AID requires an experienced journalist lo 
write news releases and ankles on the Region for both 
external and internal publication. Will be responsible 
lor contacts with the media and lor providing general 

The present Bursar retires in April 1987 
and the successful applicant will be ex- 

information. He/she win normally be required to travel 
to the Region for about six weeks a year. 

and the successful applicant will be ex- 
pected to take up the appointment from 
May 1987 or at a date to be arranged. 

Cantfdates should have a wide experi- 
ence of accountancy, budgetary control 
and personnel management The salary 
will not be less than £15,000 p.a. 

Proven ability asajoomalisi. an active interest in Latin 
American affairs, first hand knowledge of the area and 
fluent Spanish are essential. Candidates should be in 
sympathy with the aims and philosophy of Christian 

Salary: £11.130. 

Further details of the School and the ap- 
pointment may be obtained from the Clerk 
and Receiver, United Westminster 
Schools, 53 Palace Street London SW1E 

Closing date for completed applications November 3rd. 

Christian Aid 


Closing date for applications is 12th No- 
vember 1986. 



HACKNEY PENSIONER PROJECTS am locking for two naw 
workers. H you are a pensioner or 50 yaais plus here is some- 


The person a ppointed W be working on an exchiiig c o n ia u n i ly 




Hie vwxker wis encowage participation and contrtxufora Rom 
pensioners in the borough. 


The Society is seeking a successor to Mr. Steven Gray, 
who wffl retire next August after completion of 23 years' 
service. The appointment is likely to be made early m 
the New Year to allow adequate time for handover. 

Persons interested in being considered for the post or 
wishing to suggest anyone for consideration are invited 
to write in confidence to John Last, Chairman. Royal 
Liverpool Philharmonic Society. C/0 J.M. Centre. Ok) 
Half Street Liverpool. L70 1AB. 

to Bstablsh an information and advice sendee tor p o rei ona s 
ctuDs and ttey centres, and dub loaders working with pansionare 
from a* different cUtaros in the borough. 

SALARY - £8&50 I or 12 hours per week 
HOLIDAYS - 6 weeks paid per anram 
APPLICANTS must be over 50 years okL You need to be in- 
formed of oarent inner dty issues aff ect in g the etoerty. 
Experienoe of woikng In a rniM-radai bedewound would be an 
advantage. Hackney Pensioner Refects Is an equal ofxxMunfr 
nee enrnwr and ap pM u ai l o n s positively wel co me from m 
sections of the comm u nity erespac&ve of an taidMduars sex. 
race, colour, atone or naborai ongtn. sexual orientation. 

287 Mngstand Road, ES 4DL. 
Telephone: 254 9674 




TK OTY omosiTY 

camiE m busi n ess 



Lectureship hi 
Bbsmcss Coajmtiig 

AppicatBns are united lor a 
lectureship in business comput- 
ing n toe Centre tor Business 
Systems Anatyss. which s a 
parr of the Cdy University Easi- 
ness School 

The Centre is pro n i g rapxfy, 

m dgfe appo immem is tmendet) 
ro strengthen both the specialisl 
activities and the research out- 
put of the academic staff. 
Apphranfs should possess a 
higher degree a a relevant sub- 
|6ct area and be able to 
dem on s trate e xperience m a 
business- related computing 
tfrid. Experience rt conducing 
research, or n obtauxng and 
running research contracts, 
would also be an asset. 

As die taws of business com- 
puting in the Unhcrsfy, the 
Centre rats an M$e programme 
it Business Systems jointly irth 
the Department of Computer 
Soence, Postgraduate and IHv 
dergraduan Optoma Corases in 
Rbsdks Computing aid a doc- 
toral pfogramme. A total of 200 
students ae regetered on these 

I coorses. making the Centre one 
of tee largest groups in this field 
in any UK educational 

We are m need of a senior systems analyst to head a new 
development of a new automated translation ’Arabic/ 
English' and phototypesetting system. The applicant should 

A BSc or an Ms in computer scence or appbed matbematicai 



sciences. 5 years experience in the development of bMinguai 
systems and the phototypesetting field and thorough knowl- 
edge of both Arabic and English languages. 

Please contact 

International Inv es tme n ts & Securfties 
on: 01-629 5266 

Legal secretary for 
Hoibom solicitors, 
specialising in 
complex and 
interesting litigation. 
Small friendly office, 
modem technology, 
stimulating work. 
Salary aas. 



Ring 430 1987 

iECRErMHES lor Arciwccu & 
Dnwwt. Pimwral A Irmpn- ! 
ran' kmHmwk A MSA Swdaui , 
H«v -Com Ol 7 3A 0532 



regures two SWtwriere to 
j complete team of seven n shel- 
ler lor sagfe hom e less. Satoy 
£61 03 pw gross + auuxinnu- 
aamn art imng expenses. 
W* SASH. 1/2 Srocesttr 
Race. Swansea Tel: 0732 
43204 or 488831 

CHANCCirV LAME Legal Secrr- j 
lailn. Temps C&20 I*. 

Dennaiwnts up lo Cl 0.500 29. 
MMdn 51.. London wi 01- 
493 0015. 



3 2 bed Italian deagned 
Hat ratable nvnafr 

Hamlin Slowe 

The a opo m fman t mil be tor 
dm years n fte fra instance. 

1 atdy far long M to company 
tenant al £300 p.w. negotiable. 

Vewnq recommended. 

. Hide Mr Office 01-262 6060 

Sabra win be on the scale 
19.317 to £16,997 per annum 


inclusive of London Allowance 
(under rewew}. 

Further p a rtic u lar s and aopfica- 
bon forms may tin obtained 

The Aca dem ic Regttrar's 

Thu City lUmrity. 


Head of Administrative Services 

£17,10S<£18 9 248 incL 


Are you looking for a Senior Management opportunity at the centre 
of corporate affairs, with an opportunity to demonstrate commitment 
and personality? If so you may be the person we need tor this newly 
created post 


Plans for the ' 

within Board policy. . . 

This key Management rote will have responsibility for the day-to-day 
management of the Personnel. Management Serrices, Committee. 
Administrative and Information Sections who currently report to the 
Chief Executive, and will provide direct support to the Chief Executive 
with information gathering, briefing, progress chasing and representing 
him at meetings. 

The post could suit qualified people from many professional 
backgrounds but those with lesslhan ten years relevant experience are 
unlikely to have the necessary authority which toe post requires. 

TheCounciTs offices are within easy reach of rafl connections to Central 
London and toe area is well served with motorways: the Ml, M4. M4Q 
and M25 being easily accessible. Generous financial assistance towards 
relocation will be available. 

App B c a Bon form and Job descri pti on are mragN bfc t roiu. 
The Personnel Section, Three Raters District Council, 
17/23 ffigh Street, Rfctanansworth, Herts or 
telephone Ric kmensw ort h (0923) 776611, axt 117. 
Closing date forappScations, 7to NoventoerlSBfi. 


An Equal Opportunity Employer. 



.fo^rotienqufries win be welcomed 


particulars from Miss L McAllister; Personnel Officer, 

Lothian Health Board, 11 Drum^«igh (^rdens^ 

Edinburgh EH37QQ. Application forms should be return** no later 
than 30th October; 1986. 



MniNistratioa and 
Legal Sendees 

Thames Polytechnic spgBroads Authority 

IUi4H CHiliuni IlnH * 

Urban Ecology Uni! 

Requires graduates. 21 hours, £67 jwt. for the irttowng: 

ECOLOGST (Bexley t Ommitt) 

Ufe Science dretee mft a strong ecological dement 

The Autoorty Is seeking a legaly oatted per- 
son with considerable Uxaf Gove rnment 
experience at a senior level to head a Directorate 
employing 47 personnel. 

Sologcal StiencB Degree and/or teaching experience. 

Assistant Broads Officer 

WBffa Mtunirei p i a .. ri . rf ) 

ftotogy/Zootogy/Batany degree died with Taxonomy SMBs. 

Grade PO 41-44 

£14^82-£16,0T1 PM. 

This is a chalengingpost, requiririg a h^hjerol 
1 management abiSy and a posdwe comcut- 

Landoti, BhV 

I Closing date (or apfAcahons. 7 
November 1986 


Sons nrnty km. aad me <8* 
bed Ha atoofr out rsegl. Uxtii 
at nud& btoi. i«W m. f 130 jw 

Expantng West End ftaclfce require top audo secretary. Abtty 
to use a Wang WP, work at own in native, otqoy orgarvsmg and 
corn mt xxcatng at afl levels essential 
Apply m wrung with CV ta- 

M. Fellows 

Ham Bn Slews Solicitors 
Roxburghe House 
273-287 Hegent Street 
London W1A 4SQ 
(No Agencies) 

— rTCixwea'~wigani .atajiic 

of management: abiay and a pa 
merit towaitis the corporate mam 
authority as a member of the 

Computer Science Degree/HM) or biological degree with 
strong computing dement 


Good coocise wten Engfish with arts background. 

Afjpfccttous ore tarited ter mis key post w» M Bmadt 
Authority, o teottiog enriroomantof orgorisation. 

The Government is amenity proposing Statutory Jtraw 
for the Broods, an area ot natiomR importance for 
consenatten and racraafoa 

hi adtfitkxi there is respons&ffly for the man- 
agement md deveSopmant of dep a rtment a l 
functions which indude legal services, commit- 
tee a dm in ist rati o n, markets undertakings and 
general ad m inis t ra tive services including Scans- 
mq and office services. 

Woricmg in ctese bison with the Inner London Education 
Authority and local authorities producing imterHi tor texhno 

MSC onempioyment critera applies: up to age 24 — six out of 
rare months 25+ - 12 out of 15 months. 

The Assistant Broods Officer (AdtnMsIrotiofl} wM be 
dtiecriy rasponriUe io the Principal Adriser for al 
edndnistiative. Itaancid and personnel ntanets of tbe 
Atoftorffy. fnckKftig tf» ruofliioring of major issues md 
the devetopmem of policy. 

A lump sum car allowance <s payable and a 
comprehensive relocation package is erasable 
incturfing tempor ar y housing a ccommodatioa 

Write. endosing£V to 
Gale. Lsedae. SvHe C 



Tire Authority Is seeking a person trim a lively, anqriring 
mtoa ond proven odmtetetiorive record, se pponed by e 
degree and/or prafessiondl quoflficoriat 

1 Ap p foa gM terras sad finOrer de- 
MBs are aviHrii taa fee Pereaneei 
DepsihueeL &4M. Wradam. 

Ctwyd U11 1AT. Tel Wrexham 
364611. ExL 2142. CLDSBIfi DATE I 
HBDAY, 24th 0CT08BL 1986. .Jj 

Shropshire coomnr council 

(Am Equal OpportBnity Employer) 




Salary up to £21,000 


For Aether (Mob aid appfcatta fOtm please rondo 
ftxge stomped addressed emelape to: 

M Akken Clark (Mncfooi Atoriser) 

Broods Authority (A p pi k aBoas) 

Ibowos Honsy Haase 
TO Ciffimin 
Nonrich Wt3 IRQ 

Ctoshig date lor (mpBcarioas: U November hMu 

£36,393 to £40,029 p^. 

(inckisfrt of London Weighting) 

The Council wishes to recruit a successor to the present 
Chief Executive who wil retire in May next year. 

Ap plications are invited from persons with considerable 
experience at a senior level in a large organisation, not 
nec essa iiy a local authority. 

No s peci f ic professional qualifications are prescribed. 
The Chief Executive leads the Chief Officers Manage- 
mere Team but curentty is free from depa rtm e n tal 

BAAF is seeking a successor to Tony Hall, 
recently appointed as Director of CCETSW. 
.The successful candidate will be London- 
based and haw prawn managerial skills, a 
lively interest in child-care pokey and 
practice, and the ability to lead this 
influential and developing professional 

North London Polytechnic 

Urban Spaces Scheme 

Requires part-time graduates in the foBowkig 
d to dpfi n es. with the appropriate degrees; 

I Further detaBs and appfication form for the post may be I 
obtained from: I 

BAAF is an Equal Opportunities Employer. 





Chief Exec u tive, 

Shropshire County Council, 
The SMrahaU, 

Abbey Fbragate, 

SV2 6ND 

For application form write to: The Chatman 
(E), BAAF, 11 Southwark Street, London 
SE1 IRQ, or te lep h o n e Sally Clayton bn 

Al applicants must be unemployed. 

Plnxsi apply in writing (c 

Geoff Wlh. Johfink. 24 1 
5LH, or Wnghene 81-518 

or telep h on e 

Sh re wsbu ry (8743) 22886 

AppBc aB o n forms must be returned 
no later than 27Bi October. 

Closing date for applications: Friday, 
31st October, 1966. Interviews will be held on 
25th/28th November, 1986. 






Up to £14,700 per annum 
plus car allowance 


This is a 16 partnered firm whose 
principal office is in the commer- 
cial centre of Bristol. Hie firm is 
expanding in a variety of fields 
and now seeks a Solicitor with 3 
to 4 years, relevant experience to 
develop the commercial business 
of the practice. 

In the first instance he or she will 
work under the supervision of a 
Senior Partner, then given enthu- 
siasm and enterprise will assum e 
sole responsibility within 12 
months. There are . prospects of 
early partnership. 

This post offers an excellent opportunity to gain further 
experience in a busy local authority legal section. The 
successful app&cant w91 be responsible tor a wide 
range of local government legal work induing repre- 
senting the Council in the Magistrates’ and County 
Courts and A Planning Inquiries together with some 
attendance at Courted Committees. 

Pre vious e xperience in local government is not essen- 
t» however and applications from Steidtots in private 
practice wil be welcomed. 

Bracknell is a rapkBy growing District set in a pleasant 
part. 0 * East Berfcsrare and benefitting from excellent 
weal amembes ana good communication links to the 

Hosing and generous relocation assistance are avail- 
able in appropriate cases. 

application form (returnable by 
e available by ringing Bracknell 
50, or by writing to the Chief 
Bracknell District Council. 
Town Square. BrackneH Berk- 


We are seeking a young enthusiastic 
‘ Solicitor with about one year's post 
-qualification experience to deal 
with all aspects of Company and 
Commercial work. Initially the ap- 
pointment will be to assist two 
Partners, but we would expect the 
successful applicant very shortly to 
assume his or her own work load. 
Please apply with full CV to: 

Mrs J. Laidler at 
13 Bedford Row 

or telephone 01-242 9971 

Salary is negotiable. 

Applications in writing please 
with c.u. to: 

George Carter & Co 

Kingston upon Thames 

J.F. Johnston, 
Staff Partner, 
52 Broad Street, 
Bristol, BS1 2EP. 

This well-established firm requires a 
newly qualified Solicitor to undertake 
non-contentious work. There will be 
an attractive salary and good pros- 
pects for the right applicant who will 
be enthusiastic and outgoing. Please 
write with full C.V. to 



a new xiihative in resid e ntial care and education 


J P Reid, 12 High Street, 
Kingston upon Thames, 
Surrey KT1 1 HD 




Required for document Man- 
agement and Research to join a 
specialist team in very laige 
litigation matters. Salary nego- 
bable according to age and 
^Penence- Please write with 
full CV to: 

Davies Arnold & Cooper 
12 Bridewell Place, 
London EC4V 6 AD. 
Quoting reference 44. 

Satan £18,164 ta £11,271 
■itk adfitionBy steam-a aflai 


]]w"deiwidpn coednuonaJ retinal wwruvty tor atotesesfe mh 
emoaxta! (ufleutoes ts now a As 4tt ysr of famptnnL 

We seek arerorerrad Team Leader tetesd a taan of «care staff, stare r 
werafonal pricy aid deem making am enara the raxSaranee ol a tan 
tovjri otrare (a rang Deanto Entfwsacm. enwyy and fterttfey. a vaieJyS 
sWs a« awllnaness to Bukre new redraws of wring are r e q m s U . 

» ahitv to rtegiate Mh an already nee eaaUshed and 
successful team ot c are st aff aid teachers. Aupropnae guttcacB isghlp 
oesnMe. n- service tfanng gnmded. 

Young solicitor with 2/3 years’ general 
practice experience required to assist Senior 
Partner. Energy essential to carry out a wide 
variety of work. Partnership prospects for 
suitable applicant. 

Write with CV: 

I Mteidrais an Be Co-Orecm. Q 
Seatort. Sam. BBS ZJt Td SsaM 

a Sdn l fine Reed. 

Marshall Harveys, Fir Vale Road, 
Bournemouth, BH1 2JG. (Ref. TE). 


Younger but experienced Liti- 
gation Solicitor with 
enthusiasm for advocacy re- 
quired by soundly based and 
progressive partnership with • 
prestige new offices. 

Reply to BOX D55. 






\ * . 

» v r\ • • _ 

h,.. Mi "a 


>' MI 



ifc*- *** -jK.Vt. - 

m* - 

•w* «**■* 


« -■** 

| Leaden Poiytect: 

frtuw Sfisrt Srfcrfff 

Uiir &!-j 
m 5£VS 

(«**«* *-?*'•: 


> t’l Nl r <i 
. .. ... 

|N * ,:i \ A \ 

$U>'' ' T ' ' 

. ■■ 

*Lv‘- ' 

***<'“■ • ‘ 

i 1 • * 1 

... . - 

li:>- . 

I***" : - *•■’ * ■"'* 



£16,000 -£17,000 


ODthefonStio^*(S^*^ UdeSadV1Sin ® tIleCommittee 

complex pnoblems with practical common sense. 


in dateorciertn rOn shcw ^ , l ,,a *® ca tionsaiid work experience 


There s currently orropporfunity to join the lego! staff. The vwrk of on 
Assistant Lego! Adviser is varied and highly responsible, it indudes dealing 
with questions of intemahonaJ and European Community icw, drafting of 
agreements and tegsJatron, conducting negotiations with other governments 
and international organisations and the bonding of human rights coses. On 
die Commonwealth side, writ involves advising on consttutionai law and 
dealing with administrative questions concerning overseas dependent 

Lego! staff are based in London but have frequent opportuniies of weiseos 
travel. They may also serve a bur of duty in one of HM Missions o«iseos and 
advise delegations at international meetings and conferences. 

Candidates must be qualified as advocates, barristers or soiiafocs, 
preferably with experience of legol practice or legal research. Reasonable 
knowledge of French and/or another widely used European language would 
be odvanbgeous. 

Salary within the range £15,680- £20330. Storting salary according to 
qualifications and experience. Promotion (and salary range £17.990-£23,940) 
could come os early os oge 77. 

For further details and on application form (to be returned by 31 October 
1986) write to Gvil Service Commission, Alencon link, Basingstoke, Hants 
RG21 1JB, or telephone Basingstoke (0256) 468551 (answering service 
operates outside office hours). Please quote reft C/6988. 

The GvH Sendee is an equal opportunity employer 

Corporate Solicitor 
Emphasis on 
Financing Work 


£25,000 — £30,000 

BAT. Industries is one of the world's largest industrial 
enterprises with operations in 90 countries. The Legal 
Department plays an important and integrated role in the 
operations of our small high performing Group Headquarters. 

internal promotion has created an opportunity in our small 
professional legal team. You will handle a generalist brief, but 
with special emphasis on working closely with the- Group 
Treasurer in managing, analysing and implementing a wide 
range of financial transactions. 

You will either be a generalist commercial solicitor with at least 
3 years' experience in industry/commerce or a financing and 
corporate specialist in private practice seeking to broaden your 

Career prospects within the Group are excellent and the 
package of benefits is highly competitive. 

Please write with full C.V., or telephone for an application form 
tor Richard Dubeck, Personnel Manager, BAT. Industries pic:, 
Windsor House, 50 Victoria Street, London. SW1H 0NL 
Tel: 01-2227979 



We seek a barrister or solicitor not okJer than 35 to fiH a 
newfy-created vacancy in our Legal Department 
Our internal lawyers deal with all legal mattes, other than 
conveyancing, using outside resources tor specialist 
subjects and forfengaiion as necessary. Applicants should 
therefore be able to demonstrate an interest in and an 
aptitude for a broad variety of work. Personal 
characteristics writ also include the ability to communicate 
with managers at aU levels and the abrtty to provide 
constructive and practical advice. 

Our lawyers are afl located at the Company's main 
business centres and a is mended that the successful 
applicant win be located in Cambridge. 

The salary we offer wffl be commensurate with age and 
experience, plus a range ol benefits normally associated 
with a large company. 

Please send full details of qualifications and experience 
to: Mrs. M.D. Rush, Central Personnel Department, 

Philips Electronic and Associated Industries Ltd., 

Arundel Great Court, 8 Arundel Street 
London WC2R3OT. 




Caradon Limited 



Caradon is a major British m a n ufacturing group 
in the b uilding products market with a turnover of 
£150 milli on. Amongst the better known of the 
Groups bathroom and plumbingproduct names are 
IWyfords. Mira and Tfcrrain. The Company is atan 
exciting stage of its development and is anticipating 
significant expansion. This newly created position is 
based at the new Group headquarters and reports to 

the Company Secretary Real opportunities exist for 
job growth. 

You will be a chartered secretary and have 
experience in all aspects of company secretarial work. 
In particular, you roust be able to cope with the 
on-going needs of 12 subsidiaries at the same time as 
helping tp meet the work demands of the Group’s 
development Previous involvement on group 
personnel policy and salary ad m i n i s tration would be 
helpful, as would experience of head office 

mana Ajte i?not a critical factor but it is likely that you 
will be in your la te twenties. You must be energetic 

and able to work on your own initiative and you must 

feel comfortable in an environment where you are 
involved in commercial advice and decision ma ki ng . 

Please write to Andrew Kerr (quoting reference 
601 )showing how you meet the above criteria and 
enclosings copy or your curriculum vitae. 

Senior Assistant 
Solicitors (2) 

£15,600 - £16.749 Ref A239/A240 

Assistant Solicitors/ 

Legal Executives (3) 

£12,690 - £14392 Ref A241/A242/A243 

Bromley, the largest of the London Boroughs, is about to cany out twro 
exciting new dsvwopmem protects - the Bromley ReHerf Road Phase 2 and the 
Elmwood Development which is a muftwrvftan pound shopping and Mure 
scheme tor the town centre. The protects wd nm ooncurendy and must be 

Two new teems of legal staff are to be set up to cover a wide range of work, 
which wtfl refcide compulsory purchase, road ctosues. Lands Tribune) appfi- 
cations. ptanrang inquiries, traffic management schemes and a large body and 
corarac&jrai work. 

We are partictiarhr looking for men or women who can work wefl within a 
team and terse effectively with outside consultants and other Coundt staff lo 
achieve the tkpK timescales wmen the projects wfl demand. 

We hove recently introduced a new management style » assist efficiency and 
, improve staff motivation. The ntroducaon or new technology ts seen as a key 

element in achieving our aims. 

Benefits indude: 36 hour week, minimum of 24 days' annual leave plus 2 
extra statutory days; attractive wonting sunoumSng* at the Ctvfc Centre site 
wan its landscaped grounds ana excellent salt restaurant posstoftay ol 
assistance with retocsoon: ease of commuting - wrta two railway stations 
dose by plus bus and road bnks. But above a&, a stimtttting environment 
where your suits wtf be appreciated. 

For informal discussion etc contact Mrs Lynch 
on 01 464 3333 ext 3283. 

For further In fo rmation and an a pp S c aB on form 
please contact Cruel Personnel Officer, Bromley 
Civic Centre. Ro*iestar Avenue, Bromley, BR1 
3UH. Tel 01 290 0324 (24 hour answering 


Closing date 29/10/88. 


C wh iw" O g f WM 4B B li | mblBiiMioailUd 
26-28 Bedford Row. Loudon WCIR4HF 

r sip 

McKenna & Co 

We are a leading firm of solicitors with a consistent 
record of growth over many years. 

We are now seeking a lawyer, for our busy and 
expanding Employment Law Department 

The department advises corporate and personal 
clients on the whole spectrum of Employment Law 
in both contentious and non contentious areas. 

You will need to be qualified (at least two years) and 
have experience in this field. 

Excellent Salary & Benefits offered. 

Please apply in writing, enclosing detailed CV to 
Bernadette Willoughby, McKenna & Co, lnveresk 
House, 1 Aldwych, London, WC2R OHJF. 

Litigation Partner 

For a well known, progressive and substantial firm of 
London solicitors, with a varied, but increasingly com- 
mercial practice. 

Your role will be to help manage and develop the 
litigation side of the practice, which is well-established 
and growing strongly. Much of the work has an inter- 
national flavour. 

You* should already be at or near partner level In 
a medium to large firm of solicitors, and will have 
specialised in litigation. Ideally with a commercial 
bias. The opening should be of interest to lawyers with 
a strong reputation in their field and the personality and 
drive to make an immediate contribution to the growth 
of the practice. 

Please write in confidence, quoting ref. 767 to James 
Curtis at Overton Shirley and Barry, Prince Rupert 
House. 64 Queen Street, London EC4R 1AD. 

Overton Shirlev & Bn 



Sinclair Roche &Temperley is a 27 partner law firm with offices in 
the City, Hong Kong and Singapore. 

The firm’s company department handles a wide range of quality 
company and commercial legal work including Stock Exchange, 
USM, QTC and BES matters. Much of the department’s work is of 
an international nature aqd offers the opportunity to become closely 
involved with clients' management decisions. 

We are now seeking an additional lawyer of at least two years post- 
qualification experience to join this expanding department The 
successful candidate will be highly motivated and able to give 
sound practical legal advice with the minimum of supervision. A first 
class professional background and academic record are essential 

Rewards and prospects will be high for the right candidate. 
Please write in the first instance with full C.V. to: 

J. Ritchie, Esq., 

Sinclair Roche & Temperley, 

Stone House, 

128-140 Bishopsgate, 

London EC2M 4JP. 




Financial Management 
£28,000 - £35,000 

Oar Ctient, one of the fastest growing Financial Services companies m the 
UK, with funds under management of over £400m is creating a central, 
tednrical/iegal services group as a pivotal part of their marketing strategy. 

As Head of Technical Services yoa would report to the Marketing Director 
and be iesponsihlfi far bnfldmg a specialist team providing key account 
support and major inputs to product development as well as the 
development of legal policy and standards. 

You will probably be under 35, qualified as a solicitor or barrister and have 
a current specialisation in personal tax or have investment or life and 

pppgirroy gg pgrtermp. 

An excellent salary wiE be offered together with borras and company car. 

Please send a CV. to Ian R Hetheringtan, Consultant to the Company: all 
applications will be treated in strict confidence. 

Badness Development Cansaltanfs 
( yntmnatkna i !) Li mited , 

63 Mansell Street, London El &RN. 

Teh 01-488 0155. 


Require Assistant Solicitor admitted up to three years for 
Conveyancing and Commercial department. Demanding and 
varied work load. Good salary and future career prospects for 

right applicant. 

Apply in writing with full CV to reference 
DGT Ashley Calms Travell & Co, 

56 London Road, Southend On Sea, Essex 


Solicitors & Notaries 

Progressive practice requires young newly 
qualified SoRcitor for expanding Litigation 
Department, where there is an excellent 
opportunity to team in a friendly office, with 
help and encouragement available from 
experienced people. 

There is currently a matrimonial bias, but 
the successful applicant must be prepared 
to work in all areas of Rtigadon and be keen 
to do advocacy in the Magistrates’ Court. 
County Court and Tribunals. 

For a hardworking and competen t 
enthusiast the prospects are exceHent 

Good salary - negotiable 

Ptease.appty in writing with fun c.v. to : 

Dick WOteros 
26 Priestgate 



A management appointment 
with promotion prospects. 

Oxford c.£16,690 

Our client, the Potato Marketing Board, 
regulates trie production of potatoes in Great 
Britain, stabilising market conditions and 
monitoring product standards. It is funded by 
the contributions of producers and operates 
through a network of area offices, with its 
administrative centre in Oxford. 

The Board Is seeking an experienced administ- 
rator to manage its records ol producers, and its 

systems tor quota allocation, and to be respon- 
sible tor the collection of contributions totalling 
some £15 million annually. Responsibilities win 
include instituting legal action to recover out- 
standing debts. 

In your late 20's or 30's, you will have a legal or 
administrative qualification and be experienced 
in running a clerical operation. Promotion pros- 
pects are good and present an opportunity to 
develop expertise in unique legal areas. An 
interest In tood and agriculture Is vital. 

Please write, with fun CV to John Eskdale ref. 

MSL International, 

50 Queen Square, Bristol BS1 4LW. 

Offices fiEmpe. the Amancas-Austrahsa and As 0 Pao^c. 

* Meredith Scott 


Large oty practice seetes Soficffiv ideally at least 
two years admitted with good London or provisional 


MSLlntemational .. Iv'x 

Executive Search and Selection J ’ 

BANKING to c£3O,8O0 

Lasting EC2 firm seeks Sofictor at least one year 
quantiafl itr corporate, bona issue and mtsmattmal 
capital market law. 

PBQBATE/TWJSTfTAX £30,000 a^.e 

Solicitor, rmnmum five years quaWieo and Mad to 

Si sssa EXCau * T 

NON CONTENTIOUS £18.000 a.a.e 

Soticnor prooewy recently to three years admitted 
required by inn s practice for Trust ana Property 


Vwx*l stilt newly /recency qualified sokaror eaoer 
tor experience win prominent EG4 practice. 

Meredith Scott Recruitment 

^ n flaw Strtt t. bwrf M EC4V HA. 

w w-«» pass 77 sm t&r offkr 



to £50,000 p.a. 

The imminence of the Financial '■v-rvicr. Aci is creat- 
ing a demand in Uk Cnv n»r iifwt-n. in supervise 
investor pmumuii rules. The n.u* n- h cniuiai one 
carman gnat auUuimy o-n run <rte financial 
urganmaiiiifis mneertied. end in* iifomd re. 

nwt Uns degree nj wnmmy. iKn Lori). 

74 Long Lane London Efl lei. 01 606 9371 


— — . ,, & BUHNERS 

of I 


So . 
in ’ 


' be 
! obi 

( cus 

i by 
of 1 

4 get 

3 car 
( Th 
h “li. 


lilts 11MC5 1 UCSl/AT WV^lUUtSK 14 1V50 


Badenoch & Clark 



This large City firm, -with a substantial property 
department, requires a young solicitor to work on a 
range of commercial matters. Ideally newly 
qualified or with up to 3 years relevant experience 
with another London practice, the successful 
candidate will undertake a demanding work load 
with limited supervision and can expect highly 
competitive remuneration. 



Following continued eraansfon of the Litigation 


To £17,500 

Our client, a medium sized practice with a first class 
reputation, seeks an experienced candidate for an 
: new role. Dirties will include both Trust 
tion and Arxounting. Applicants, not 

capable of achieving rapid promotion . 


From£30,000 + Bens + bonus 
Top U.S. Investment Bank seeks outstanding 

including a degree of specialisation in building fluency in a European language is useful, 
.related litigation. Top salaries and excellent Qjmmunlcatlonskillsarid a bright, lively peraonalBy 
prospects. are prerequisites. 

For details of these and other positions, contact «Vodltfa Fanner or John Cuflen. 

Legal and Financial Recruitment Specialists 
16-18 New-Bridge St. London EC4V 6AU Telephone: 01-583 0073 

Legal Adviser 

Kuwait Eetroleum Corporation, which comprises a group 
of companies owned by the State of Kuwait engaging in 
integrated petroleum activities worldwide, has a position 
available for a Legal Adviser at its corporate headquarters 
in Kuwait. A qualified candidate must be able to 
demonstrate the following: 

1. In-depth knowledge of ail aspects of contract and 
business law, with a minimum of ten years legal 
experience associated with the commercial, 
financial and industrial activities of large companies 
or commercial entities, together with a sound 
knowledge of company law and group secretariat 

2. Competent experience in various types of 

* agreements, contracts, negotiations, and other legal 
work normally required by multinational integrated 
petroleum companies. 

3- Full command of spoken and written Arabic and 

4. Ability to draft contracts, agreements, reports and 
minutes in both languages. 


We are a Group of companies with annual 
sales of £65m, operating in the engineering 
industry and employing 2.500 people m bom 
the UK and overseas. Significant growth is 

We are looking for a high calibre barrister or 
solicitor, preferably aged 25 to 30, with a 
minimum of two years post-qua lificatio n ex- 
perience, either hi a corporate environment or 
in a predominantly commercial private 

The successful candidate wW Join a smati dy- 
namic executive team based at corporate 
headquarters in the centre of Nottingham. 

The range of duties wffl include legislative and 
regulatory matters, the provision of legal ad- 
vice and services throughout the Group, and 
the involvement in matters concerning com- 
mercial contracts, intellectual property law 
and employment law, and corporate acqui- 
sitions and divestments. Occasional travel in 
both the UK and overseas win be necessary. 

This challenging post calls for professional 
expertise and the ability to c o m mu n i cate ef- 
fectively with executives at afl levels within 
the Group; It also requires highly developed 
interpersonal skills, so as to be able to con- 
tribute fully as one of a top-management 

The remuneration package will be c. £20.000 
pa, plus an executive car. 

Further information is avaBabte from Vincent 
Heaty on 0302-21414, Extension 304, from 
10.00 am to 1.00 pm on weekdays. 

Applicants should write in confidence, with 
fuH CV, inc 

including current salary ta- 

Vincent Healy 
MS International pic 
Carr Hill 


A compensation package and related benefits will be 
offered commensurate with qualifications and experience. 

Interested candidates are invited to write in confidence, 
giving full details of academic background, career history 
to date, personal data, address and telephone number to: 

Peter J Sims 

Kuwait Petroleum International 
80 New Bond Street 
London W1Y9DA 

Closing date for applications 
7th November 1986. 

Kuwait Petroleum Corporation 

'obrid Duffy Consultancy 


£ Highly Neg 

We are currently looking for a Lawyer with 1-4 years 
pqe to assist m our client's busy commercial litigation 
department Case load consists of a mixture of contract 
disputes, employment matters, intellectual property 
cases, professional indemnity work and some, more 
genera, corporate fitigaton. The practice is enjoymoa 
healthy period of growth and continues to expand o 
client list which includes more and more international 
businesses, if you have a good academic background, 
the relevant experience and are keen to secure a posi- 
tion offering long term partnership prospects in this 
well known City practice please contact 



Daytime Telephone 01-831 2288 
Evenings and Weekends 01-740 0289 





in die commercial and financial nods. 

to maintain them. 

The maintenance of an individual service during a pwiod of rapid 
expansion means that there is a need to promote the best talent to 
early partnership- 

Fbrbright, young lawyera in all fields of commercial work, including 
insolvency, our commitment to growth and our willingness to respond to 
diar^e makes good career sense. 

Ifyou feel your intellectual skills and ambition can match the challenge of 
this expanding City practice, let us know as soon as possible. 

Send a full curriculum vitae to Tim Street, 

73 Cheapside, London EC2V 6ER. Any contact will be treated 
as strictly confidcntiaL 



Freshf ields are looking for an able and 
enthusiastic lawyer to join their busy and expanding 
pensions group. 

Previous experience, while preferable, is not 
necessarily a requirement but a genuine interest in 
and enthusiasm for this type of work is essential. 

The opening might well appeal to those who 
wish to expand their experience in a varied and 
demanding practice where future prospects look 
very good. 

Candidates are asked to submit a brief career 
resume, in complete confidence, to:- 
David Ranee, Freshfields, GrindaU House, 

25 Newgate Street, London EClA 7LH. 


In order to meet the increasing demand for our range 
of specialist legal services, the provision of which we see 
as Iht basis of tin; sustained growth of our linn, we 
need bright, ambitious lawyers (solicitors and 
barristers) with initiative, who wish to develop their 
career* in the following areas:- 


We are interested in seeing berth those with experience - 
live right people will have the prospect of looking 
forward to an early partnership- and the newly 

Contact Tom Marshall, our Partnership Secretary, or 
any partner you may know personally, with brief 
particulars of your background. 

TELEPHONE: 01-353 5242 



We have a vacancy in our 
expanding Finance Department 
for a solicitor; admitted 1-2 years. 

The work is varied, and includes 
the preparation of documents for 
international shipping and aircraft 
and ocher asset financing. 

Candidates should have between 1 
and 2 years’ experience of one or 
more forms of finance work, and 
be enthusiastic and hard-working. 
They should also be able to use 
initiative and to demonstrate 
commercial ability in dealing with 
diems and their problems. 

We offer excellent salaries, 
the opportunity to work for a 
period in our offices in Abu Dhabi 
and Hong Kong, good career 
prospects and a pleasant working 

Company Secretary 

A commercial role in an expanding PLC 

From £20,000 p.a plus car 


A large UK putticxofnpany, woi a ament annual turnover of around £250m and 
interests in texties. retorting and engineering is seeking a commeraafly orientated 
qualified person to undertake a wide range of company secretarial and legal 

Reporting to the Group Finance Director and as a member of a small central 
management team, you wffl be respo ns ible (or provirfng legal advice to Group 
Companies, comp lian ce with company fagteta fi on and Stock Exchange regirtations 
and for the admmstration of pension schemes, insurance arrangements and 
properties. Success wdi read! in early promotion to Group Secretary. 

Ybu are a aoflcltor or Chartered Secretary, probably in you- thirties, with initiative, a 
commercial approach and Significant relevant experience outside the profession. 

The saluy package is dependent upon experience. Benefits include car. pension and 
private health insurance. 

Please write -in confidence- enclosing a full cv and details of cwrari salary, to Lesley 

Gifford, ref. AJ0228 

MSL Chartered Secretary 

52 Grosvenor Gardens, London SW1WOAW. 

Offices *i Europe. the Americas. Aus&zbsa ana Asia Pacific. 

Chartered Secretary 


Please write with full 
curriculum vitae to 
R. W. Billis 

Richards Butler 

61 St. Mary Axe London EC3A 8AA 


Shirlstar Container Transport Limited is a 
young go ahead Company in the Container 
Leasing field with offices in the U.K., Swe- 
den, Holland and Germany. Applications 
are invited from recently admitted lawyers 
(Solicitors or Barristers) for the position of 
Legal Manager. The work is demanding 
and covers a wide range of company and 
commercial matters for which commercial 
awareness and commonsense are re- 
quired. Good salary and prospects. 
Applications with full c.v. to be forwarded 
to Mrs. J. Fenn at the following address: 

Shirlstar CoBtafner Transport Limited, 
Shirlstar Honse, 

St John’s Road, 


Middlesex m 2UR. 


Top-drawer practice with superb quality workload 
” to pay whatever necessary to a Pensions 
four yens experience. 


TO £28K 

Commercial conveyancer of up to four PQE 
HMKht by leading practice. Interesting and varied 
workload, with excellent partnership prospects. 


Salary up to £13,000 
(depending on qualifications and 

We need three young and enthusiastic litigators 
to join our Common Law and Commercial Of- 
fice. Two appointees will handle a large case- 
load of contentious commercial landlord and 
tenant and debt collection cases and the third 
will be kept equally busy on personal injury and 
property damage cases vnth a negfigence bias. 
You will work as part of a small professional 
lean are! can expect to receive sound guidance 
hi your duties. There are excellent prospects for 

Ml anoikants must have passed the Part 1 exa- 

of the Institute of Legal Executives 

and have at least 4 years relevant — -* — 

Of the 


must have passed or be 
towards passing 


Further vacancies arise 
from expansion in com- 
mon law Chambers. 
Recently called able bar- 
risters can reason&ly 
anticipate earnings of 
£350-500 p.w. based in S. 
E. England and shorty 
London. Vacancies also 
for more senior practi- 
tioners who wish to be 
clerked from this sea. All 
appHcations treated in 
strictest confidence. 

C.V. to: 

Reading Chambers, 
16-18 Friar Street 




Credit Lyonnais isone of the foremost international 
banks, represented in over60.coimtries worldwide. Our 
UK branch, which provides a broad range of commercial 
and merchant banking services, is of prime importance 
in this network. 

We currently have a vacancy for a qualified Lawyer to 
assist our Legal Adviser. Most of the legal work is 
carried out in-house and has a strong commercial (Has; it 
includes the drafting and review of facility letters, 
syndicated loan agreements, and all forms of security 

vruujvvApvin#ni.t. umpiuviuui 

in me banking or finance department of a large vji 
Professional excellence must be combined with a 
practical approach to often complex banking problems. 
The ability to ejqHain legal matters in a concise and dear 
way is an essential skill, since there is close involvement 
with senior management throughout the Bank. 
Knowledge of French would be an asset. 

There are good career prospects with likely progression 
in time to Legal Adviser or within the field of banking 

Salary will depend upon age and experience but will not 
be less than £16,000. Remuneration will also indude a 
discretionary bonus, low cost mortgage and other 
benefits associated with a major international bank. 

Ifyou are interested in this appointment please write 
with full details of your career to date to: 

Mr. A. G.R. Beaztey, Personnel Manager, 


P.O. Bax81, S4-94 Queen Victoria SL, LONDON EC4P4LX 






„ otter benefits, we offer FREE TRAVEL 
on LT services and valuable trawl concessions 
on British Rai for you and your family. 



E nutt v t City practice seeks an ambitious lawyer 
with anal years experience in EEC/Competiton 
Law. An exciting opportunity for someone of part- 
nership cattbre. 


Newly or recently admitted Private Client special- 
ist able to work wilh minimal supervision required 
by friendly, expanding practice with a high quality 


Required In country 
practice Bt 

Woodbndga, Sutlofc. 

For general work. 

I salary a (* 

Good salary a prospects. 
Please apply wifi written c.v. 

74, 7te Thoroughfare, 



Klatf cnwialicte hi ma I anal nmtneeinn 

Start specialists to me legal profession worldwide 
95 AWwycft, London WC2B 4JF01 -242 1281 
evenings |9-I0pm) Of -20J 58 19. 


In North London seeking urgently qualified or 
| unqualified assistant for probate, trust and tax work. 
Experienced. Age 30 plus. 

Salary Negotiable. 

Tel Ref AB 01 904 9333 



SotaUis a Us 
available in afl disciplines 

01-248 1139 

W8 welcome eons from afl 
prnswoive loams Wft spurt 
iwrHme appomntts tor re- 
ined. semi retired & other 
commercial lawyers. 

ASH taw Lecen Sentees 
8/7 Uifinate $□ Lwknk Hi 
LfflOHW EMlTftS 

Tax and 
Estate Pla nning 


for a ^ workin 8 Pledge of capitel 
taxation and involves contact with private and professoral 

^ ThiS | is ?? eXceIJ 1 e ? t °PP° nu ni , y for a lawyer with the 
tedracal ability and the energy which thisa^intmem^ 

ITcase write with full curriculum vitae tor-HUtnn Wallace. 
21 HoOtem Viaduct, LONDON EOaShT 

Lovell, White & King 




- Si 

V ... .. . _ 

— t T : cnoita "17 warn 'argaav- 

\ ■" j 





b law 


\ vt ■" 

1 i : ** 


H. N S f 



IV-i .1 








Commercial Property is our speciality and a wide range of institutional, developer and public 
company clients expect and enjoy a special standard of service from our Commercial Property 

The Department seeks a young solicitor, up to two years admitted, committed to a career in 
Commercial Property and possessing not only ability and capacity for work, but also chart e r er 
and potential. 

This is a first class opportunity to develop experience and expertise in every aspect of property in- 
vestment and development and to establish a career with a successful and progressive practice.- 

Telephone or write to: 

Guy Palmer 
Stones Porter 
26 Farringdon Street 
London EC4A 4AQ 

Tel: 01-248 9991 

itlvonn*: Hoggett Bowers 

Search and Selection Consultants 

Attorney . ra 

Wokingham c£18,000 s Car 

The requirement is for a solicitor or barrister to 
join a small team of lawyers responsible for 
providing legal services and guidance to one of 
the world's leading high technology companies 
at its UK headquarters. Reporting to the 
- Company Secretary, the appointed candidate will 
handle a wide range of corporate legal 
assignments and be expected to gain and apply 
specialist knowledge relating to the legal issues 
of particular importance within the high 
technology business. • 

Candidates must be good communicators, 
capable of operating at all levels with a 
professi onal , thorough and deter min ed attitude. 
VVbrking conditions and company benefits are 
excellent, relocation assistance is available. 



. K: ; 

Male or female candidates should submit in 
confidence a comprehensive c.v. or telephone for 
a Personal History form to J.G. KHvmgtxm 
Hoggett Bo wers p ic, Bank House t, 100 Queen 
Street, SHEFFIELD; Si 2DW, 0F42 731241, quoting 
Ref: 2678/TT. 


All-round capability 
inc. adv. 

Good salary. . 

0273 517441 

of Softeners tn MaM- 
«•»*•# Btriatorc reqotrr a 
*u*un«l Senator and Legal Ex 
ID toln their team, 
saury w*m to no«o<teflon aar 
Www Pjwy BusIkm BacL-Lp 

* 2999 . 

Bad times are a 

thing of the 

past at Telford 

Those who go to high places 
have a broad; view. That 
axiom is tendentious. For 
selfish reasons I want the 
Lawn Tennis Association to 
remember. — when discussing 
the location of new ■ tour- 
naments or tournament facil- 
ities - that for the good of the 
soul these should be handy for 
wild, high moorland (nothing 
under 1,500 feet will do) 
where anybody who knows 
what is what in the way of a 
good life can smoke a contem- 
plative pipe amid heather and 
douds and silence. 

This shaft of wisdom 
emerged last weekend, in ex- 
actly those circumstances, af- 
ter a morning's walk of 
astounding beauty — up Cal- 
low Hollow u> the Heights of 
Long Mynd- Callow Hollow is 
a long, secluded valley re- 
nowned for hawthorns, a di- 
versity of birds, a musical 
stream, and bracken now 
crisply dressed in the browns 
of autumn. Even the sheep 
look smug. They got lucky in 
life’s lottery. 

Long Mynd and the cuisine 
of an isolated hotel set among 
steep woodland — the hotel in 
which the muscular new hero 
of British tennis, Stuart Bale, 
fortified the inner man last 
week — are among the periph- 
eral pleasures of the Refuge 
Assurance national 

championships, played at the 
Telford Racquet and Fitness 
Centre. The coy anachronism 
“racquet” is prevalent among 
Britain’s new indoor centres, 
because it is thought that the 
modem spelling would hint at 

don't think this place was 
commercially viable in the 
: way it was set up and fiinded. 
It could never exist just as a 
rackets centre. It had to be an 
all-purpose amenity. And we 
need big events." 

Owned by Telford Develop- 
ment Corporation, the failing 
centre was leased to a group of 
companies whose chairman, 
Brian Gray, is a hard-headed 
businessman. Jackson, ap- 
pointed in September. 1984, 
was a PE teacher who became 
a high flyer. He spent 16 years 
in the RAF, much of the time 
in' charge of their parachute 
display team. Latterly he was 
an instructor with the Special 
Air Service. 

One has to be impressed 
when a man who has told the 
SAS what to do insists that, as 
his next chore, he could not 
have had a bigger challenge 
than making the Telford 
Centre the success it is now. 
But Jackson stresses that the 
Telford formula would not 
necessarily work at centres 
located in markedly different 

It used to take days — and 
cost about £10.000 - to hire 
temporary seating and get it in 
and out of the place for the 
Refuge event “This was just a 
playing venue,” Jackson says. 
“To turn it into a spectator 
venue we needed our own 
seats. They cost about 
£160.000. The beauty is the 
flexibility. We have 20 blocks 
of 100 seats each and can cater 
for everything from minor 
events to Davis Cup ties. 
Every bank of seats weighs 

The Telford venture was 
launched in 1983 but went 
into receivership a year later. 
The present general manager, 
Alec Jackson, suspects that the 
place was going downhill from 
the day it opened. “The 
impression among many 
locals.” he says, “was that in 
Telford such an elitist dub 
wasa bit of a white elephant. I 

two little hovercraft to move 
them into place.” 

Turning the centre into a 
spectator venue (and not just 
for sport) was one of six steps 
taken by the new manage- 
ment Working with the 
Squash Rackets Association, 
they made Telford the game's 
national centre: with six glass- 
backed courts, space for i 
“fish tank” court in the main 

1 1 I 11 H i I I i^B fi^B I , TH I 

McEnroe nearing his target 

Scottsdale (Renter) - John 
McEnroe stayed on course for 
December's Grand Prix Masters 
in New York when he beat 
Kevin Curren m the final of the 
Scottsdale Open on Sunday — 
his third successive tournament 

The former world No. 1 won 
6-3. 3-6, 6-2, but still has his 
work cut out to reach the 
Masters, for which qualifying 
has become more difficult this 


Times are 
for Wasps 

By Norman de Mesqmtn 

While a month is a long time 
in politics, a fortnight can seem 
like an eternity in ice hockey. 

Two short weeks ago, it 
seemed only a matter of when, 
rather than i£ Durham Wasps 
would qualify for a Norwich 
Union Cup English final and 
Tony Hand would become a 
professional in the North 
American- National Hockey 
League. Now Durham are falter- 
ing and Hand is back home in 

Although impressing all who 

year, ironically because of 
McEnroe’s own lobbying among 
tennis officials. 

McEnroe had long felt the 
Masters should move from 
January to December. And, 
more to the point, that the Geld 
should be reduced from 16 Loan 
elite group of eight- 

on December 3. Having 
dropped out of competitive 
tennis for seven months. 
McEnroe has missed out on a 
number of qualifying tour- 
naments and now needs top 
performances in his next three 
grand prix events to secure a 
place in the Masters. 

Both ideas have now been j^su t-TS JUS unless sMacft State 
adopted, with the event begin- , 

ning at Madison Square Garden Loach bt S Bavta me D pwb 7-d, s-4. 


Crosby’s return gives 
a lift to lowly Bolton 

By Nicholas Harling 

Terry Crosby, the American, 
who bolds the National 
scoring record for one game, is 
back with HomeSpare Bolton, 
the struggling first division dub 
after a season in 
Switzerlandwiih Nyon. He will 
be in their squad for Thursday’s 
Carisbeig first division game 
between the bottom two dubs at 
Reg Vardy Sunderland. 

A prolific scorer from Toledo. 
Ohio, Crosby, aged 29, broke the 
record late in the 1 984-8S season 
with 73 points in a match 
against Manchester Giants. He 
left at the end of that season for 

Stuart Bale, who became a British hero at Telford on Sunday 

hall, and an SRA office and rial functions. The sixth 7 
conference room. “The big problem was the 

The third step was to buy 7,000 square metres of dead 
their own gymnasium equip- space indoors during the 
meni (instead of renting it) summer." Jackson points out 
and impose a small charge. “So we bought carpeting, to 
The gymnasium had been protect the courts, and got in 
costing about £2,000 a month, touch with exhibition or- 
The fourth step was to install ganizers. This summer we had 
six floodlit tennis courts out- three exhibitions - and the 
doors (there are eight indoors, income is far greater than that 
plus 10 badminton courts) from general sports use But 
with an all-weather surface we ' 

Queen's Park Rangers and April to early September and 
Luton Town. “Ours are used not let them intrude into the 
by Telford United. Shrews- sport.” 
bury Town and other local , . 
soccer and hockev clubs," Jackson says the centre 
Jackson said. “That means ^uld not cover its running 
winter income — which had cos,s roi * ,ine daily rev- 
been dead.” enuc: ‘fenced the big events. 

The fifth step, bringing in n n r inc °ro e from the 
about £2.000 a month, is the R ? U S* championships and 
use of ancillary rooms for ° ,fier prornoii 0 ns Jielps to 
meetings, conferences and so- kcep lhc subs down - 
• a a The Telford centre, always a 

|1C[ TCfel"€TAT brave venture giving sub- 
Liij iill bv l stance to a dream, has been 

transformed from commercial 
m December 3. Having failure into an exemplary suc- 
Iropped out of competitive cess story'. Monroe ver, it is 
ennis for seven months, only 40 minutes away from 
dcEnroe has missed out on a the joys of Callow Hollow. 
°L quallfV, "« lour - British tennis has much to 

rand prix events to secure a “ e T? ‘ ord Racc l uel Fit- 
toce in the Masters. ness Centre. 

Rex Bellamy 

taMn final: l Lavala (Max) and M 

aach M S Davta and D Pgte 7-4, B-4, Tennis Correspondent 



on the 
spot again 

By George Chesterton 

The first stage in selecting an 
under- 1 9 independent schools' 
XI look place at the weekend. A 
nonhem trial was held at Bolton 
and 1 1 players were selected to 
play at King's School Chester 
next Sunday against Cheshire 

The southern trials were held 
at Eton and a squad of 16 was 
chosen logo forward to the next 
stage on November 9 against 
Corinthian Casuals. The final 
trial for the independent schools 
takes the form of a dash 
between north and south at 
Wolverhampton on November 

The selection on Sunday- 
proved even more difficult than 
usual. The overall standard was 
good but there were few 
outstanding players. Amongst 
these was Nashnush. of 
Hbchgate. who. nonetheless, 
suffered an ankle injury which 
may put him out of Highgate’s 
successful team. He scored twice 
for them on Saturday in their 3- 
0 win over Winchester bringing 
his tally this season to double 

mjbne Grammar SchooO: G Dams 

have done with Ellis at Crystal 
Palace, where they were over- 
whelmed 99-60 on Sunday de- 
spite 37 points from their one 
American, Ed Coe. But then- 
coach. Dave Lloyd, is expecting 
a more favourable result when 
the dubs meet again in a 
Prudential National Cup quar- 
ter-final at Derby next Saturday. 

The two players involved in 
an unseemly incident at Happy 
Eater, Bracknell, on Saturday 
both face suspension. Clyde 
Vaughan — piqued at his own 
and Leicester’s changing for- 
tunes in their 1 15-105 defeat — 

Rata JBofton). P Alton 


'’ll 1 


Ken Chance, last week, could Paf / ca * Kk >W* on 


Davies going 
for another 
lengthy drive 

By John Hennessy 

Laura Davies, who won the 
British women's open 
championsfaipat Royal Bhkdale 
on Sunday on the strength of her 
prodigious hitting, will be given 
an opportunity today to dem- 
onstrate her powers with the 
driver at Stoke Foges. 

As a forerunner to the Laing 
Ladies Classic, to be held from 
tomorrow until Saturday, she 
will be taking pan in the second 
Wham Champagne Challenge at 

This is a long driving contest 
in which leading men players 
arc invited to test their mas- 
culinity against Miss Davies, 
now regarded as the longest 
woman hilter in the world. They 
will include Ptter McEvoy and 
Gordon Cosh. 

Last v«ir only McEvoy sur- 
passed Miss Davies. 

POOLS FORECAST by Paul Newman 

+ 1 

of i 


ofE 1 




























in • 








< eet 

t Th 
* 1i 



: v 


Water Cay has 
the class to 

make winning 

By Mandarin 

Water Cay, off the race- 

■ course since last year’s Wil- 
liam Hill Futurity, makes his 
long-awaited reappearance in 

‘ the Queen Bess EBF Stakes at 
. Warwick this afternoon and, 
, even allowing for the fact that 
• he will be a little ring rusty, it 
V is hard to envisage him being 

Henry Cecil’s colt was not 
. far behind the best juveniles 
J last year, finishing a dose 
second to his stable compan- 
1 ion. Bonhomie, in the Royal 

■ Lodge Stakes and fourth in 
' both the July Stakes and 
. Futurity. At Doncaster, he was 
.1 promoted to third on the 
.^disqualification of Bold 
“ Arrangement. 

By J 0 Tobin out of 
v Waterloo, the 1972 1,000 
Guineas winner, Water Cay 
~ was expected to lake high rank 
in his classic season but 
! sustained an injury in the 
spring and the champion 
trainer has wisely not rushed 
the return of this talented colt. 

The conditions of today’s 
. race dictate that Water Cay 
. must concede 1 61b or more all 
round but this should not 
‘'prevent him asserting his 
superiority over these second- 

rate opponents,' the best of 
whom should be Uruguay. 

A more rewarding wager at 
the Midlands course should be 
Knockin' Express, who is 
napped to fulfil the promise of 
his Yarmouth debut in the 
Market Square Maiden Auc- 
tion Stakes. 

Despite drifting from 12-1 
to 33-1 before Jus introduc- 
tion, Knockin' Express 
showed excellent speed in the 
early stages of the six-furlong 
race won by Hydraulic Power, 
eventually finishing sixth of 
14, beaten 13 lengths. 

That winner is held in high 
regard by Michael Albina and 
the runner-up in that race. 
Imperial Frontier, underlined, 
the value of the form when 

Water Cay, who makes his long-awaited seasonal reappearance at Warwick today (4.0) 

beating a good field for the 

Somerville Tattersall Stakes at 

Newmarket 1 1 days ago. 

“ of Geoff 

The initial run 
Huffer’s colt and his sprinting 
pedigree suggest that Knockin’ 
Express will be well suited by 
today's distance of five fur- 
longs and the standard of the 
opposition is undoubtedly 
well below that which he 
encountered at Yarmouth. 

My other principal fancy at 
lbs Shirley, 

Warwick is Mbs I 


reverts to racing against her 
own age group in the Ann 
Hathaway Handicap after 
charing home that good four- 
year-old. Backchat; at 
Sundown on her latest run. 

John Dunlop, Miss 
Shirley's trainer, should also 
be on the mark at two of 
today's other meetings with 
Chili hang (2.15 Ayr) and No- 
ble Fflle (3.45 Folkestone). 

The latter showed improved 
form, when opening her ac- 
count at Haydock earlier this 

month and is not highly tried 
on her first run in handicap 

Chilibang's second ' xo 
Qarentia at Newmarket on 
his latest start was made to 
look even better when thai 
winner finished a creditable 
third in the group three Corn- 
wallis Stakes at Ascot on 

Elsewhere at the Scottish 
track, it should pay to follow 
the combination of Steve Nor- 
ton and John Lowe, who can 

land a double with ForceDo 
(3.15) and Spruce Baby (4.15). 
i particularly like the chance 
of Sprues Baby, who makes a 
quick reappearance after 
finishing a good third to 
Zarbyev at Newcastle seven 
days ago. 

The day’s fourth Flat card b 
at Redcar where Mark Pres- 
cott sends last week’s Wolver- 
hampton winner, Btckerman, 
for the Boulby Hand icap in 
preference to two other 
engagements today. 


STAKES (2-Y-Or £550: 1m) (19) 



Bi Mandarin 

2.0 KNOCKIN' EXPRESS (nap). £30 Miss 
iShirtcv- 3.0 Kate Is Best. 3.30 Mam Brand. 4.0 

Water" Cay. 4.30 Nagem. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2J0 Knockin’ Express. 2.30 On The Agenda. 3.0 
Perfect Stranger. 3 JO War Child. 4.0 Water Cay. 
4.30 Music Review. ■ 

Going: firm 

Draw: low numbers best up to 1m 

(2-Y-O: £684: SF) (14 runners) 

a 0000 M£TR0MAN(B)WM»Ctoa87 C 2“£J2« 

4 Naums* 

ALIAVCHIP i! W i i ■ » ■ ■ — - " ~ i 

6 0 KNOCKW EXPRESS G Hut * 6-11 G Cyr S 

S 2221 BAY WOtPER G fttn wjWg W-- < 


13 0400 roan RE EF Mrs HUacusayfrJ 

IS 40 SONOCOWBrooicsW — ' SmISS nS 

17 3230 BOTIN M Css»0 8-9— PBsnard(7)fl 

IB 00 G0U> WOOES PUWWflM — 1 

IS 0003 SARASOTA 84. 

B House TT 

21 000 BBOCKH£AD<»CaprJ™-- 
27 4000 fWV QLOUS L ADY BSteteflfl 8-0 
26 49 UBEBTO0K(V)8MQgfln5-0. 

_ A Kscksy ^ 

5-2 AnotMr Rhythm. 3-1 Bey Wo nder. 4-1 Sonocajrl 
annasl. 10-1 Knocfcxf Express. 14-t other*. 

Saratosa.81 Roan 


2m) (10) 


2 4132 MSS 




8 4022 WALQSW £BF) R Hannon 811- 


B Rouse 4 

11 2102 DARK! - 

17 oooo on Tic AGEKu j wunar 5tL 

.R Cochrane 5 
_ A Mackey 8 
. GFreneti TO 

19 0000 MSinUL = 

20 3023 RUN FOR YOUR WIFE tBJBRG Lews Ml. G Carter® 

2* 000- WATER M OCK J Sp earing 7-7 ——-—— “* 


28 0000 SHARP RBEFWVMghtman 7-7.. 

C Rutter (3)2 
N Adams 7 

1 1 -4 Run For Your Wife, 1 0830 Mss Shirley. 82 Being, 6> 

1 waJdsn. 8-1 Own Sbona. 10-1 ottwra 


(2-Y-O: £1,612: 1m) (IS) 

3 0830 STWNG S ECTION tBF)G LeMs_87 - P Vftedwe tS 
5 ICtl PERFECT STRANGER <U) I Bating 83 — O France 8 
7 0330 SPY GIF T M Sk xho 81 W R Swnbuni 12 

11 OOU KATE IS BEST (HM Ryfltl 8-9 RCoehnmeJ 

12 2200 TBB2SW1TCH w O'Gonian 89 SCaudwnlO 

13 001 BIPERIAL WAY J Sradttto 8-8 T Quinn 4 

15 2440 FUftTWG R Hannon 8-7 BRouse3 

17 300 XM5MCHARDJ Dunlop 8-7. W Canon 1 

T22 ROtMEU (DJ1R John HtzGerati 8-5 .RHBto14 

20 3123 .... 

22 0200 MUBKIR 

23 0000 

__ J Francome 8-4. 

000 BRAMVAVES Dow 7-11. 

35 4330 ALHAVATR Boss 7-10. 

38 OOOO OCEAN HOUND P Befley 7-7. 

39 000 SHARE EBdH 7-7. 

7-2 Perfect Stranr 
Impanel Way. 8-1 Kate 1 

v. 4-1 Rowmefi, 5-1 Spy Gift. 8-1 
i Best 10-1 others. 

2 oooo BAfKaro«80YPL Mip90 -- - — 

4 0000 DESKS* (HI * MpnM — R faepw % 

s 0 roScsowics vutearq 

000 *«Affl*OU*DA>*aRKP ““ 

5 Q FOUR QtQWIO 4 7 V , — -*■ .. WU BN T n 

l issaa^yasntziiKi 

- AlMar 

— » 


29 0000 DUEUNAMEM to 39-1 MAO»ro(7)4 

1 Son TOC 5-7-52 A Mac 

38 -000 OASHAKIGOtn M CmmO 3-7-7— 

ir»n fskbialE L Conran 8-77 .... .. . QFnacRM 


Guide to our in-line racecard. 

103 (12) 0-0432 TH4ESFORM (COJJF) (Mre J Ryley) B Hal 9*109 . 


By Mandarin 

115 Chilibang. 

2.45 Madame Laffitie. 

3.15 Forcello. 

3.45 Picea. 

4.15 Spruce Baby. 

4.45 New BarneL 

By Our Newmarket 
115 Moon Indigo. 

3.15 Fourth Tudor. 

3.45 Picea. 

4.15 Lord Collins. 

4.45 Bien Dorado. 

By Michael Seely 

115 Chilibang. 4.45 BIEN DORADO (nap). 

The Times Private Ha ndi capp er’s top ra tin g: 1 1 5 CHILIBANG. 

Going: good 

Draw: low numbers best 

Z15 ENTERKME NURSERY HANDICAP (2-Y-O: £4,000: 5f) (7 runners) 

3 (7) 

4 (3) 

01 PAPARELU (D) (C WebsJar) T Barron 9-7. 

6 W 

8 (6) 

13 (5) 
15 (1) 

100000 MOON INDIGO (□) (R ftitfionSs) C Briaair 9-7_ 
410112 CH8JBANG (CO) (Mrs H Heinz) J Dutap 9-2.. 
23100 UPSET (CQ (P OrrJ J S VHson 8-7. 

0402 RAINBOW IHOUT (□ Rktaq M Camacho 7-13. 
211300 FIVE SUES (D) (J Finrtayson) T Cralfl 7-11. 

16 (2) 04403 OBISBEN (**s J Pk8) Denys SmBh 7-7 

86 4-1 
• 99F2-1 
SI 9-1 
. JO*ai(S) 83 12-1 
LCtaraock 80 14-1 

-,-- 11)1 

■ of 1 2 to Paradise Coffee (8-1 1 ) at Newcastle (9. 

[ beaten 31 mto 3rtfoy PatBr"s B»ub Bttntwgh (51. £1270rgooti to Gmi. 

tea tmw. earfier (8-11)3 3rd to Lucraot 



. ,21808, 
) at Warwick 

film. July 22. 4 rant A 
good. Aug ffi).Se«ng 
i (54. £3042, good total 


•mfl baaMn shea (B-1 1) 21 course 
RARBOW TROUT (8-11) 1ft 1 2nd 
winner HVE SIXES, pooreftort 
i, 7 ran). DENSGS4 (7- 
15. 17 ran). 

145 MIDSANDS SELLING STAKES (2-Y-O: £1 ,054: 61) (19 runners) 

3 (19) 
5 (13) 
7 (6) 

9 PI 
11 (11) 
12 H) 
15 (3) 
17 (14) 

20 (5) 

21 P) 

23 (8) 

24 (17) 

27 (10) 

28 (4) 

29 (18) 

31 (16) 

32 (12) 

33 (15) 

3* (1) 

021000 MADAME LAFFITE (Mrs P Yang) J Bheringion 99. 

0000 CARE’S PWDE (B Thexlon) Denys Smflh B-11 . 
004000 JUST A DECOY (M Blades) NBycroft 8-11. 



95 8-1 
— 6-1 

0030 MEDALUON MAN (M DM Racing LKQWKactae 8-11. 
4000*0 HABENHAM (B)(C YMbGtBf)TBBiron 8-11. 

00 STEP BY STB> (M Afldnson) D Chapman 8-1 1 

230000 U-BOC COPT (B)fJRusseO)JSVnson 8-11 

O AB90LUTB.Y FREE (Mm A Can) C Thornton M_ 
0000 OLORIAO (M Brittain) M Brittain 8-8- 

. N Carfcttt 
D MchoRs 
A Pioad 

98 8-1 
98 8-1 

. EGueflt(3) 

00 KATE CUOOLES (H Huacfmson) W Storey 88- 

000 HALACANANG (Mbb J Camacho) M Camacho 88- 
032202 Miss ACACIA (B) (C Armstrong) R Stubbs 88. 


- PRotMaon 

— J Quinn (5) 

91 — 

400000 PRETTY SOON (B) (C Bart»r-Lomax) T Faktwrst 88 . 
00 RAUNCHY RITA (T MtMMd) J Vickers 88. 

S3 7-1 
92 8-1 

33300 RHABOOMANCER (R HerYey) J W Watts 8-8. 

000 SALOP ROUGE (Q |P Doderty) W Hugn 88_ 
000 SAPPHARMO (Doyen Ltd) R Stubbs 88. 

000 SUESAMDY (C Tartar) C Thornton 88- 

BTfaonm 8 9SF7-2 

SLawee — — 

00 SWVWORD LADY (Ouafitflir Hotels) K Stone 88. 






( 2 ) 


040110 SWEET OOMAMpjBP)(MrsCO‘SU8van)JOuniop 34-7 BThamacn 

243002 FORC8JLO (Bntlsti TIioroirijKrad) S Norton 3-94 JLowe 

3.15 LOCHRANZA HANDICAP (£3^32: 1m 21) (11 runners) 


18 (2) 303342 NK3HT WARRIOR (K Mason) A M Robson 4-8-12 

19 (3) 230400 RECOLLECT (Mrs A Maran) J S WBson 48-11 

004404 SHINY KAY (Mrs M Butter) W Ssey 3-88 

241101 CAPRICORN BLUE (VJ))(PAsquttli) Jimmy Fttzgeraid 344 (Sex) MKMa 

034 HOHOLMRtA (G Varnan) O Dotfeb 34*12 G1 


22 (4) 

23 (10) 
M (5) 
26 (11) 

042403 QREED (H Alexandap Denys Smtn 5-8- 

000000 COMMON FARM (M Bnoam) M BrKtBin 34*3 . 

14 7-1 
90 6-1 

89 94 
93 — 

90 — 
97 — 

0/20001 FOURTH TUDOR (B) (B HMUairy) B Hanbury 444 (5ex) AGmg(7) *99 3-1 

400442 BOY SANOFOROCtR Ross) WMackle 7-7.7 N 


rwrun nootl Snr* 131. Es 

qmcfcly when headed and finished last at Chepstow (1m 2f. 

ca Ol Male 

Eteppuig up m Mass after (94) beat 
7 ran) NIOIT WARRIOR, yet town 

me v> beat Absence Ot Malee (8-11) 
on courageously when caught and 

.Sept 11. IffmiL CAPMOORN BLUE 

Black Oamond (S-oja m a Newcastfectaima - - - 

a nata has been oft the track smceril- 

cWnwilm2f. Cl 314. firm, Oct 7. 
'-/) II 2nd to weseax (124) 

- Hi Canen efc Trac ers' event (1m 4f. good. Aw 13. 7 ran) FOURTH TUDOR (8-3), bfinkered tor the first tatie. beat 
BOY SANOFORO (B-3) 51 at Hamttton mth ffilEEP (9-7) ft! back 3rd of me 1 1 ^ ^ 

finu. Sept 29). 


ranners (im 31. £1541, good to 


Racecard number. Draw in brackets. Six-figure 
form (F-ted. p-pu fled up. IMmseatsd rider. B- 
brougmdown. S-sfcpped un. R-rafusad). horse’s 
name (B-ttntos. V-vfeor. Twmod. E-eyeshieJd. C- 
“ * • CO-course and 

race). Owner in 
wogttf. Rider ptos any el 
Private HancScappar’s rafing. 

B West (4) 

89 7-2 

Trwner. Age and 
The Times 
'Appr ox i ma te starting 

3.45 GLEKBURN MAB)EN STAKES (£1.051: 1m 3f) (14 nmners) 

( 8 ) 
16 (12) 
17 (11) 
24 (14) 
27 |S) 
30 (10) 

© 440400 CKWOKTH (Lad Brat© FOurr 4-98 

© CONNAUGHT QUSN (P Maddam) I Vickera8-0-5 — 

O) 00/4400 rrSHEAVBI(H Duff) MSS ZGraen 848 

3 PALMAHALM (Ulceby FWma Lid) M H Easterly 448 

E Quest© 83 — 


ABADJERO (Manjuasa de Atantala) Jimmy Fitzgerald 344 MHMs 

GOOOUMOV(Exo4B Ltd) W Storey 344 ; J Onion (5) 

MEVAGESEY (8 Hanbury) BHanOwy 344 Gl 

04432 MOUNT OLYMPUS (Lord Derby) J W Watts 34-0— Nl 

PICEA (T Warned MJervti 344 

0 RUSSIAN RBATION (SfwMi Mohammad) L Cumani 344- 
02 SHB(GOn(Preice Ahmed Salmv))HCac4 344- 

FUNNY LASS (m (D WDdsnstesi) O DouMb 34-11 
MBS BECCA (W Heigh) W Heigh 34-11 

8402 RARE 1EGEM1 (M Smcteb) M Ryan 34-11 

c/IQU ABADJERO (74) h&iN tried against Osttnsibte (8-13) lest tans , eerie r in the Beeson (94) 
njnm showed promisa Whan fti and toL te nten w cm (94) «Redcar(im2f.£3D08.gooa»o firm. May 28. 
12 ran). MOUNT OLYMPUS (94) beaten IQ by BiehMi (8-11)1* 

Safite (8^ at Newt)^ (1m 4f. 

recently (94) 9th of 28 bsMid CuBSliM Storm | 
nl RUSSMN RELATION (041 backward whan 

IQ by D tehteiM-rt) last flme flra3t, Mary ea rter (7-8) 2fti 3rd to Al 
16. 9 ran). PICEA haslw easiest t*Sk fora IwTgwne. 

in July (in* 21. 

in a Newmarket makten (im 2f. 

23 rerV RUSSIAN RBJtnON (04) backward when Oh to Festival Cky (94) « Mot 
£1799. good to tem, Judy 28, 12 rani SHERQOR, (84) ridden lorcefulTy when II runne . _ . 

Redcar pm4l). Better aftort when (58) 31 Newcastte aid to High Knowl (8-3) (1m 41. good at soft. Aug 


when il nmner-tgj 10 Enstgne (8-ffl at 
' ig 23. 

4.15 FAIRUE MAIDEN STAKES (2-Y-O: £ 1 , 1 87: 1m) (11 runners) 

00 ALVECOTE MAGK (BF) (D COfitoS) C THder 94 

20030 OOMMMMmGPSYO. May) O Brennan 94 I 

O FMAQLE (Lord Derby) G PrilchertFGordon 90 P 

0 HYGENALEGEfO(M Healey) R Stubbs 94 JH 

( 11 ) 
( 3 ) 


80 8-1 
98 6-1 

404204 LORD COLLINS (Sir G White) MSteute 94- 


97 re-i 

MCHOLAS MARK 0( Ogden) R Whitaker 94- 

09 PRMCE ZAiiARO (J Hanson) J Hanson 94. 
00334 RED HERO (J Good) M Jams 94. 

03 SPRUCE BABY (R Entanmarm) S Norton 94. 

24 (10) 

(J Gahan) R Stubbs 8>11 . 

J H Brown (5) 

T Lucas • 99 3-1 

J Lews 89 4-1 


WHICH OMecnON (R Ogdsn) J Hanson 3-1 1 . 

rvmm 2i.i2ran).COMMONSamQPSVhasl 
FfrB(B -11)(7T.£4 429.jpod.Seff4.8ran).FBiAQL 

1 1)a«Do nCMttr (7f. £ 74 09 , goo d, S ept 10 , 15 r yl ^ www ^^. tw 18 / twwiMRi rat trnj c . «r irm ruu wui mw 
Perfect Stranger (8-9) to Ywmouth nwsere (1 m, £3785, good, Sept 1 & 1 1 ranL RED tERO (9-Q 41 4th oM5 » 
| in good Letcesar fflttden(7T. £2794. nmi. Sept 29- sntUIX BABY (9-0) stayed on into 3rd 
.. 0) MNawcasRe (71. £3330, firm. Oct 7. 14 ran). 




Ajdal faces maximum of four 

Ajdal, the Guineas 

Eavourite, will have a 
of Tort opponents as be 
endeavours to enhance his al- 
ready substantial reputation in 
the £35,000 William HOI 
Dew hurst Stakes at Newmarket 
ob Friday. 

Apart from Michael Stqote’s 
tmpressive Momington Stakes 
winner, only Mister Majestic, 
Genghiz, Shady Heights and 
Rum boogie were dedaired at 
yesterday’s f oar-day stage. 

The sponsors, understandably 
disappointed at the poor accep- 
tance for what was once re- 
garded as the two-yeaiHdd colts* 
championship, will not be bet- 
ting on the race until the day. jy 

Stoat e, who has carried aO 
before hfrn in En glish ■mi Irish 
pattern races this season, has 
surprisingly never woa the 
Dewhnrst and victory on Friday 
wonld also provide AjdaTs 
owner. Sheikh Mohammed, and 
jockey, Walter Swinbnrn, with 
their first success in this gronp 
one contest- 

Shadj Heights and 
Rmaboogie, who filled the 

places behind Forest Flower in 
the Mill Reef Stakes at 
Newbury last month, should 
provide an informative link be- 
tween the relative merits of the 
colts and fillies if they take their 
chance on Friday. 

Mister Majestic stayed on 
bravely to win a sob-standard 
Middle Park Stakes at the last 
Newmarket meeting bet there 
most be doubts about this 

Wednesday, Thursday and Fri- 

Michael Stoote: seeking first 
Dewhnrst winner with Ajdal 

day of last week and the straight 
wifi again he watered today 
mtless it rains. 

• Kempton’s cleric of the coarse, 
Michael Webster, expects the 
going for Saturday's Charisma 
Records meeting to be “no worse 
than good to firm." The Snabory 
track has been watered regularly 
during the last few weeks. 



By Mandarin 

2.15 Super Lunar. 2.45 Choisun. 3.15 Double 
Chai. 3.45 Wild Hope. 4. 1 5 Great Exception. 4.45 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2. 1 5 Super Lunar. 2.45 Choisun. 3.15 Buthayna. 
3.45 Saffan. 4.15 Herradura. 4.45 Bickerman. 

445 MU-BRAE 

3 (13) 





( 2 ) 




20 (10) 

22 (5) 

23 (16) 

24 (15) 

25 (12) 
27 (1) 
31 (7) 
S3 (ID 
36 (6) 




HANDICAP (£2,645: 1m) (16 nmners) 

CHRISTMAS COTTAGE (B£) (Mrs P Maaon) A M Robson 88-7 J 
SLVBI CANNON (D) (G Harperf R Woottuuse 4-9-7, 

BBf DORADO (the A Manning) B Hanbury 38-3 (5e*)_ 

SJLLY BOY (CD) (N Byoroft) N Bycroft 88-1 

133330 NATIVE HABITAT (BF) (R When «M Jarett 88-13 

A Preod 


840032 ELEGANT FASWON (BF) (K Ooum) E WSymes 4-8-11. 

. E Guest (3) 86 

99 F7-2 
87 134 



VBI8ARUM (CO) (M 13 J Raraden) Mre J Ramadan 6-8-7 — NQN-RWMEH 

HB4AAOI (Maktoun Ai Maktoum) O Douiob 386 BThounen 

SILUTOE (O) (Mre J de RothscMd) E tndea ^85 M O— cro ft 

(B)(TRwiwJ0n)MRTan3fr6 HD*» 

BROADHURST (B4J) (L Baker) J Ethermgton 988 (5e») - 
OUAUTAH KMG (Qualitar Hotels Ud) K Stone 3-8-3 ^ 

FLYWGZIAD CAN (T Ueng) A Beley 34-1 

404000 rew BARNET (R Moody) Mre JRamsden 4-7-1 2 

024334 HORTONS CHANCE (A Chum) S Wfcs 4-7-7 

GLORlANT(M Bmtar) M Brittain 3-7-7 

J Qulno (5) 

96 — 
91 — 

87 8-1 
00 6-1 

84 — 

85 — 

88 6-1 
80 — 

6. 8 ran). Eariwr n-l 

found QouSess S 

2ftl 3rd to Watptene ( 

FORM ? ^*, D^ADO.p4) flowed ynpi u vecl form to ran 51 dear of Skaar ( 8-111 at Havdock(8fmtln- 
’ ’ S , 8S7 j B rni,Oct 3. 9 ran). TtwrunoeiHD has franked the tomi.&EGANT FASHION mreatens to 

wtoerace, taatiTO (8^ toundCtau<ae» Sky ^7) ftl mo goad aiEtfefcurgh IQ asm.<) 10 firm, Oct 

atBeveriey (8(.820l3,Sept24 t i9ren)withH.YiNGZUU)(B- 
B (8-4) 2ft| Sthof 12 to Sir Arnold (8-11) 

aoamw.HBUMgj|! s beow than her ^record irMfi suggest, last tme (S-4) 2ft| 5th of 12 to Sir Arnold «-• 
at Yarmouth (71. £2624 good. Sept 1 8,12 ran). BftOAD«mST. (8-7) ridden with more restraint than uet. 
jjf wna Y^flolPO^cortesmd Redcar matoen from Baxwgate (8-ioxffl. £1138, firm. Sept 27. 7 ranL 
HORTONS CHANCE. (7-10) stayed on tobe a 4th to Helo Gypsy (9^atHarniBon (Q. £2660. good to firm. Sept 
29 , 14 rani. 


Course specialists 


Winners Runners 



Wtaners Runners 






















M Prescott 









M Stouts 




M HRs 





M Janos 









S Norton 




N Carlisle 







3-15 SEDLESCOMBE SELLING STAKES (£724: 1m 41) (10 runners) 

1 ( 1 ) 040000 GULPHAR(P Byrne) jjenhira 4-94 J 


By Mandarin 

1.45 Reveille. 

2.15 Speculate. 

2.45 Unwise. 

3.15 Deerfield Beach. 

3.45 Noble Fillc. 

4. 15 Lingering. 

By Our Newmarket 

1.45 Reveille. 

2. 1 5 Run Little Lady. 

2.45 Unwise. 

3.15 Okaadh. 

3.45 Hyokin. 

4.15 Lingering. 

Michael Seely's selection: 4.15 Veryan Bay. 

Going: firm Draw: 5f-6f tow numbers best 

; i.45 BREDE APPRENTICE HANDICAP (£1,0S4: 6t) (12 runners) 

2 ( 12 ) 
3 (7) 
6 ( 1 ) 
10 (4) 

19 (5) 

20 (9) 
22 ( 8 ) 
24 ( 2 ) 
27 nu 

29 (6) 

30 (10) 
35 (3) 













REVEKJLE (Sqdn Ldr R MRsom) MJarvts 4-9-11. 

CORNCHARM (CD) (Comcharm Ltd) H Collngridge 5-82 

P Hutton 
. PSratta 

97 8-1 

APRIL POOL (V Jl) (E RobtAia) L CottreO *4-1 1 . 
MOORESTAR (B Gubby Ltd) B Gutty 344. 

S O'Gorman •« 8-1 

HRST OFPORTUWTY (P Wentworth) P Arttu 34J 
SILENT GAIN (B) (A Nornwn-Thorpe) W Jaivo 4-8-3-- 


Attgai OdvKth 

HARMONY HEK8TT8 (I Laftua) R Hannon 34-t GBantareB 

JIAIMA (BF) (Btaha Holding) G Laws 3-8-1 J Adame 

HAUTBOY LADY (Hautboy RestawanQMMadgwlck 4-7-13 R Price 

HATCHMG (VJ» (E Gadsden) L Cottrefl 5-74.-.. T Lang 

CHKF RUNNBI (A Baker) J Jenkns 4-74 . 

97 8-1 
35 — 

S3 92 
97 11-2 

PADDMGTDN BELLE (V) (MISS D Jams) B Stevens 3-7-7 SWNtetare 98 — 

.2.15 EBF ASHFORD MAIDEN FILLIES STAKES (2-Y-O: £1,378: 5f) (9 runners) 

0 BAUNE5E DANCBI (P Hammond) R Hannan 8-11 — 

0000002 EAGLE'S NEST (A RiCiiarids) C Austin 8M 

JOHNS LAST (S Base) J Shaw 8-1 1 

. a McGtone — 11-2 
_ J WMiama 80 17-2 

— . HGhs 

SWNMKHlfi 78 — 



( 6 ) 

( 2 ) 



00000 UTTLE LDCHETTE (Mrs K &BM1) O A VYteon fr-1 1 

0 MEDRIAN (L Treks) R Stepson 8-11 — 

OUVe LEAF (J Orbefl) W Hokton 8-11 RRtaneQ) 

42 RUN UTILE LADY (BF) (Mrs M Bunefl) H CecO 8-11 ..... W Ryan #991=4-6 

Q SPECULATE (Maktoum M Msktounr) L Rggotl 8-1 1 B Owsley — 94 

a VEHBttR (Mr* H cotran) M AWna 811 DatogBnon(7) — 12-1 

2A5 EBF HURST GREEN MAIDEN STAKES (2-Y-O C & G: £1 .664: Gf) (9 runners) 

moo BATTlf STING (V) (Mrs Y Sndas) D Ougtitrwi 94 — » — 

00 BEAUUEU BAY (Mrs C Dickson) L Ptggott 94 










BCrosstey 90 5-1 

00000 MON BALZAH (B) (Cawthome Inv«smwnt3 Lid) A Baitey 94,..^, — 

0 MOULAS (A Rcnante) C Austn 94 

0 PROFTT A PRENDRE (P Thome) DA WHflon 94.. 


00 OUASSM (A Saleh) F Ourr 94 - — 

aiUKO (Ocsanc Ltd) M Jams 94 — — .... 

- ACto# 80 — 

UNWISE (5 Narencs) H Cecfl 94- 

W Weeds (3) 
— - . W Ryan 

(9) 000040 OKAADH (Lady Nelson of Stafford) M Tompkins 4-84 W Womb (3) 

(6) 080000 WANDBONG WALTER (8 RM)BMtfgan 4-94 : B Crowley 

/ (^ 000000 OEERFIOil BEACH (Mrs M UeweCyn) Mre 8 Waring 4-8-11 R Fn 

8 (7) 140000 KIIQ STAR (0)PHoare)R Hodges 4-8-11 A McGtone 

10 (3) 008400 ROAMING WER (P Juben) R Akehuret 34-7 ACM 

IT (IQ 00-33 RYMOS (BH) (ExotB Lid) R Stereeon 34-7 S WM&wn tt 

12 ( 4)8 20300 SOLBIT LAO (EHtam)BSwvens 34-7 PBtoamfleU 

14 (2) 000048 MSS LAURA LEE (Mrs A Quinn) P Feigate 3-8-4 i 1_ W Ryan 

18 (8) 040000 TMSB. ROSE Qte| R Thurman) D Tucker 3-8-4 Data QbSoa(7) 

— 10-1 

91 — 


88 3-1 
90 4-1 
I9B 6-1 

3.45 R08ERTS8RIDGE HANDICAP (£1,649: 1m 4f) (16 runners) 

T11340 JABARABA (CD) (J BosweQ L Cacrel 54-7 TLbm(7) 

004401 NOBLE RLL£ (Col F Hue-WKams) J Dunlop 344 (7ex)-. R Fox 

30O11U GAY APPEAL (D) (A Ldrsson) C Nelson 34-2 WRyan 

Q8M0 TARima-SOAK (Mre B TraflortflG Hanvood 3-94 : ACM 

iMnn uvnmr iv m n , „ „ .. ■ n . .. .... 


7 (10) 
13 (7) 
15 (1$) 
21 ( 1 ) 
24 (6) 
27 (5) 

132D2D HYOKW (V.D) (Mre □ Moriey) D Mwfcy 44-11, 

— „ w — .. . Dste Gibson rn 

004330 VISUAL IDENTITY (Visual Identity Ltd) p Mfchte 444 NON-RUNNER 

000104 LYDIA EVA (C Bteckvwfl) R Hannon 344 A McGtone 

28 (11) 0-30030 PATRICK JOIM LYONS (D) (T Lyons 0) P Amur 54-7 
30 (3) 103000 PULSMGH (B Hager) c Berasad 4-8-7 ... 

35 (13) 300040 ANDREA DAWN (D Mtoum) D Lariq 54-1 

* 2 fl Mil MMVMi IBM A f inm HI >> n a b a 


- Pate Eddery 

- S Whitworth 
. BCroesley 

38 (14) 9003334 WU GINGER (VJ3) (A Ross) D Ougtnon44-2 

39 (9) 000001 PAUSE FOR APPLAUSE (Mss J Lane) SWoodmwi 34-1 W Woods (31 

45 (12) 0/00040 MHOflRE(K»Bsan) A Moore 7-7-11 QMcKtw 

47 (4) 33/8-400 SIRDAR GML (Mre J Tyiral) D Thom 4-7-11 

48 (2) 004000 MY AHNAlMtrSKV (A Thorites) A Madwte3-7-10 Q Bantam (7) 

49 (16) 84002 SEAMBtE{SSquras)MTompMRS 3-7-9 R Morse (5) 

87 4-1 

90 5-1 
87 12-1 

96 9-1 

97 7-1 
97 — 
84 — 

91 — 
• 99 — 


4.15 NOHTHAM NURSERY HANDICAP (2-Y-O: £1^81: 5f) (8 nmners) 







241 LMGStMG (D) (W BBs) J Wintw 9-7- 

301200 MICRO LOVE (D)(J Stafford) HONO* 8-7. 

00012 VBTfAHBAY (D) (R 8argstei) M W DtcMnson 54 

31000 JOVKX IBJD) (Baker Soonmaar Ud) G Lewis 74 

300034 TAP THE BATON (8) (Mss J Hasten) M Tompkins 7-7. 

— Pate Eddery 

R Fo* 


on TAMASSOS (A Chn5fodQukxl) G Harerood 7-7 K Bofler 

100000 ORIOLE DANCER (D) (J Bush) D Thom 7-7 — 

000400 RAINTREE COUNTY (J Abel) P Ralgnte 7-7 G Bxrdwefl (7) 

A McGtone 83 7-2 

SWHhurth • BS F3-1 

91 5-1 
98 81 
91 181 
90 7-2 

63 — 

Course specialists 


S3 — 

□ Harwood 




95 181 




F Durr 




R Simpson 




— 12-1 

M Jarvis 








J DtfUop 
















R Fox 




(Only qualifiers) 

Going: firm 
Draw: no advantage 


(2-Y-O: £2,677: 7f) (12 runners) 

1 0 AUL8BH Thomson Jones 94 AlknavIZ 

13 MOO DANADN Ron Thonresan 80 RPBtotn 

14 0 DAfdSIAN M W Eastflrby 94 MHjw8ey(3)4 

0 GOLDEN GAME GCewen 94 AMetcerS 










80 NORmERN SECURITY G Calvert 94 MFry 6 

m PROSPECT PLACE Mas S Hafl 94 —8 

Q ROYAL TOWER H Janes 94 Wttewnes2 

42 SuratUMAR R Sheather 94 NRtaner3 

0 WESTAJAKS H Whanon 94 — 7 

AFTERNOON WINNER G Harw ood 8-1 1 


G Starkey 11 

C Dwyer 10 

811 G DuttMd 9 

11-4 Afternoon Winner. 3-1 Super Umar. 4-1 Alefib. 
13-2 Norwtti Casde. 8-1 Prospect Place. 12-1 Danensian. 

1m) (19) 

1 4001 MELGROVE (B) J 

2 0004 BOLD 
4 000 



9-2—- S Webster 3 

8-13 — 13 

8 000 
11 00 

AUSTHORPE SUNSET 0 Chapman 811 — 19 

OWSiWPHasta 8-1 1 TWQamsIl 

OMiUMLW Ron Thompson HI RPOoait 

14 00 


DYNAMIC STAR MUsner 811 - M Wlghain 12 

JAZ2 PANCB? (B> A Jetvtg 811 GsSterey* 

UNCO IWG W Wharnn 811 IS 

MARKET MAN (BF) T Barron 811 . 

3 Perks 18 


K HodnKai 2 


n PWLS PRIDE C Grey 811 - h-t- it 

° Sdda»81T DMcKamrnB 

« S TRAY NO MORE T Barron 811 M Wood 10 

10 SWIFT CHALLBtGER H Stubbs 811 M Rotate 1 

M AMIABLE AMY T Banon 8-8 _.Mfty8 

CREOLE BAYTFateioret 88 


m nm 8-6 G OrriOeM 17 

46 0*00 SXBWE ROCKET H Janes S4 VNm>S 


— Choisun. 9-2 Metorove, 81 Bold Drtterance. 
11-2 Marttei Man. |81 Dynamic Star. 12-1 Swtfi Chatenger. 

61) (13) 

DlPMahte 84-10 S Parks 11 

T Farturst 34-8 GSteriwy7 

H Thomson Janes 89-5 A Mamy 1 
XJU TOT Barron 34-9 M Roberts 5 
R Hatasnaad 4-89 flUpj>to(7)4 

2 4000 KMGS TOUCH 
11 0040 HARROVIAN 
14 0330 BUTHAYNA 

25 00*0 AI 


27 4044 DOUBLE CHAI 

28 3000 LOW FLYER G 

29 3003 ORTtCAflJ) J ” 

30 4QN 




H Cohngndge 48-7 

36 0000 AU.WAYS NATIVE DChaimnS81 

K Hodgson 2 

37 800 KEYANLOCH GOkvoyd 481 M Wood I 

4Q 0000 COOL ENOUGH (0)l4sJ I 

Ramsdan 5-7-13 


42 0000 OFF YOUR MARK (U) G Catmrt 87-7.~.-. MFiy 12 

7-2 Ohca. 4-1 Buthayna, 81 Kings Touch. 81 Low flyer. 
81 Jamwian. 12-1 Double Char, 14-1 Rosk Dctons. 

3M HANGING STONE HANDICAP (£2,733: 1m 3f) 

Smsh 4-7-l2_._. ACuBane^l 

-- — -2-137-9 P Burke (7) 4 

340008 CRAIGS VBnURtECata 4-7-7 TW— Mm2 

36 4Q» HUGOU (B) D E Irosa 4-7-7 MFry I 

JM Sa'ton. 7-2 WW_Hope. 82 GoUen Fancy. 7-1 Mre 

" 1*1 oarers. 

Ctals. 181 tvorosla. 12-1 BvHn,‘ariany HO. 14-1 

JL15 SALTBURN EBF STAKES (£2^68: 2m 115yd) 

1 3314 HBtRAOURA JV,GD)M Prescott 585 — GDuflWdS 

8 2320 GOLDEN HEIGHTS PWafcvyn 385 N HOM 1 

13 3101 GREAT EXCamON 1C) H Candy 3-82— W Mean 2 

IS 4210 MY WBXOW Jarvny RtzgeraM 3-82 M Rotate 4 

„ . GpWan Heights. 11-4 Great Exception. Herradura. 
4-1 My WNorv. 

JU5 BOULBY HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £2,096: 1m If) 

1 2312 HEUETTA LCWnM87 — OSWnrS 

5 SSS R Hoteshead 83 Stab! 

,1 ggj ffiOgUfAH (D)M Presaw 83 (7ro) — GDnfltoMI 

w ^ BLAOt DIAMi)WAJarvB87 CDayerC 

27 3000 MCOUM Jurwny flaneram mi MRM»arte3 

30 3000 BOLD AHSWB) (CQ W BsnUey 7-7 t-2 

2-1 Heliena. 81 Dawn Love. 4-1 Bickerman. 82 Back 
Diamond. 81 NlcoteS. 181 others. 

Course specialists 

TRAff«gt& L Curnara. I3 wtonere from 34 rormare. 382%; G 

SE22?. J? ft*? PSfr OK 12 toSn 4£ 25 DV M 

l. 21 from 92. 

^VAJarattjS from 85. S Perks. 15 from 174. 8D*. 
7 fcZE 2 ® from 341- 10-3V M 

fBSs JS’.TiHS: " CamL 16 ln ” ,ra - savs 



By Mandarin 
2.0 Aswan Dam. 2.30 Lord Laurence. 3.0 
Redgrave Artist. 3.30 Broadheaih. 4.0 Vantastic, 
4.30 Fogar. 

Going: good to firm 


I P08 INVISIBLE RING RHnkter&i 1^1 P 

3 8 ASWAN QAM R Fma 5-40-9 

i ?5P * 

J Frost 

5 308 HANDY L ANE LKerrare 818 B nrni , m 

8 0P8 HUDAN5CA B Venn 810-4 

9 00- TEA TOWB. T Hateg S) 

^WHOFMISTER NOVICE CHA% (£2^17: 2m 2f 

1 - 1 B 0 LANCE PRIVATE TOR Pocock 8118 PMetari, 

2 3411 LORD LAURANCE u Ganoodo 7^1-13' RDmoah 


5 mi MNTBI CITY H Handel 81 T 3 ifelTlWJ 

G n. irnnorT usnuccc n " nseoel 


7 WP PRDiCE BUSXHS F Gorman 11 - 1 1>3 taSSS 

9 430F STORIES GOLD PWasl8ll-n ™2?J55* 

10 -HD TAFBHt»afc8lW J, 

11 (M2 vnRtOUCGHam7-11J 

14 EASY KAO (Q W R Wfem 

15 04U GO PENTANAvSfta 810-19 

16 U MRS SPARKS CHohies 81P “ - C - 8, «*‘ 

M»nes 81812..,., RJ 

MrdrilgW 8-1 

Course specialists 

TRA84ERS: □ GandOltO. 13 wamars tan SB mh nm. >• 
Pipe. 40 from 215. 18 . 8 %; OtaK tamm ¥ 
torarttStam 141. 123V T HaBan. 12 from 12S.9.£ < Jorey 

JOCKEYS: SSmmiEQCtes. 15 vnwiflre from Si rkta « r 
Broun. 21 from 124, 18 * P RiSanS. w Irem iS j 
Frost 13 from 146.85V (only lour J 


(£2,700: 2m 150yd) (12) 


2 2L 1 ?Un^SP 6 TE(CiaT HalMt 7-180 PRktads 

wo 811 - 8 . 

2 »- AMAOB L Kfltmwq 

5 T— — ■— w.iij, 

6 004- MEZIAflA<B)WRvmafns 81812., 

. BPomI 

7 3F8 


. J! 

— CSrMn 


IS 0110 aOU>D6CEPT1«(CI W Ww i8l<» Wrm 

in m§! GDwms 

19 ppp. sauungo soNG P Ounstan 7-180 fl Guest (7) 

“ntate. 7-1 Gold Oecspeon, 8i teottie, im others. 


HANDICAP(£3,739: 2m 5f) (5) 

3 ^ (4c4)PIMNlfl 

9 3132 MAfiQN BEEIOR r55»BJ 7 

. JFmte 

-a xasmiLts***-"*” 

rt?v5??5S ( 5? 6 B II K,V,CE SELLING HURDLE 
(3-Y-O: £1,018: 2m 150yd) (7) 




UU7V CRUSTY R Holder 10-4 N 








ukqi t « rtomer im n rn —iMi 

„ «» OF honfieur m Pipe iw“p S5SS 

I 2 S* 1 Maid 01 Honttour. 81 

Fanaango Bay. 81 Crown Colony. 10-1 others. 

O: £1,284: 2m 150yd) (3) - 

| Z MBHTBfciciag 

9 0 ITOUNTARaS^UMrJi?riji '« 

* M 

& ™ SSRKRaMcr 


A Jones 

. K Burke 

Prida - M BMy WMtashOM, 81 
Mourn Argus, 12-1 Sfient Journey, lo-t ouws.' 1 ' 

s :aasBRisr“_ 

i » isssas^s«’S5r-». -r 

i sss ja«ft]fp8.qLvjg8 

9i 3000 PHOEBE CW*0m»81l rMflestee is 

32 *0 RED SKY AT MOW C HWran811 - ^ARtoteyl 

*■ nMiiimrullMiLII .. A “* — 


a 0 REDSKYATIWWfrcwmwMi'M 

« 0000 rock A UTTlE M UMl HI AWwtetei* 

S moo TOOTS® JAY PA GHantwt 8H .» « JaneCadttS 

36 3002 WAR QU (V) P lltltiri HI--'— 1 PJptoteoafl 

37 ooo WHArS*Gl»«AG7Tlomte81» SOMdtj 

84 war ChM. 7-2 Joytol totaM. 4-I Ho Concern. 84 
Mwi Brand. 6-1 natams Rose. 1W BtoKW* Boy. 12*1 others. 

^ SCaetMet 


4.00 QUEEN BESS EBF STAKES (3-Y-O: £2,124: 

Iffl) 18) 

j «S SBiSf SBShsr. 

\i (M n£2Zl 

9 “1 DHfiWto==rM 

S Jt 


1-3 water cay. 7-2 Uruguay. 12-1 Fudge. 181 HetoSwn. 
281 others. 

430 PRINCE RUPERT HANDICAP (£1,467: 51) (16) 

3 OOU !WSK:M«*»*ffWP»te*»m88l2.. JSMfcfflt 

S foS RaKm n 

15 OOO- raPPVI^yHemi894> ^ V -...._S Cwdtae I 

19 2041 MUSIC ) gV»gW ( 0 } M Towpton 88-12 (7») ^ ^ ^ 

22 0434 G0QSTRUTH(9WHTF«Bii0oJ0nMT87 


23 2342 NAGEM L BMraC 384 - r - . -_PHM 1S 

34 0403 IteEMONT BOY (D)C JanW 884 JJ— I I 

25 OOU SKYiDi(v^Mrej n«wy8«- wwwtoe* 

27 2334 GaLLAKT HOPE L CottreB 482., 

29 0000 DUBUNASCMr 

ire FATOALE L Cottrell 87-7 G Freecfi 14 

« 0/8 LADV SONO£M CSrepnwi 4-7-7. j- — J Carter (7) 12 
STTOWAMAH ftO) DJemy 11-7-7 GDkfrbs 

U-4 musk Review. 7-2 Tattiy on Par* . 92 Nagm 1321 
Native Ruler. 81 Fremont Boy. 181 other*, 

Course specialists 

TRAINERS: H CeoL 12 wmn*» from 2S_nmnera, 48i)V M 
Stoute. 17 from 43. 39.8%: G PnMteafrGoroon. 6 from 33. 
ia2^»; P Hastem. 12 from 87. 17.9V P *rt*«yn. 11 bom 81, 
13 8V J Dunlop, 7 from 52. 13JV 

JOCKEYS: W R Svanbum. 15 wmnera from 58 ridM. 28.BV w 
Carson. 17 from lit. lS^V P CooK.i3 1 ram88 U^V p 
wawron, 7 from 73. 9.8V S Caudien. 30 from 320, 94*. (Only 
five quaWrere) 

Tumble Wind colt getting the 
seventh ferfoog. 

Genghiz. trained by Lester 
ptegott, who won the race 10 
times as a jockey, finished Mdrri 
En the Middle Park hot wffl be 
fancied to take bis revenge oa 
the whiner over this longer 

The going for the three-day 
Houghton meeting, which starts 
ob Thursday. Is expected to he 
good on the oae-olle straight, 
Nick Lees, the clerk of the 
coarse, reported yesterday. 

It will be good to firm on the 
rest of the inly c oarse, which is 
bring nsed for this year's met- 
ing whOe braiding work is 
carried oat on tbe Rowley MBe. 
The coarse was watered 4 m 

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Cole heads 
for best 
year after 
Ayr win 

Sixth in theuainov^Sie.'yjS 
needs only another five winners 

n„15 main,ng 23 ^ys' ofSe 

Flai season to achieve his best 
ever total. 

ColC trained 6! winnm m 
b«h 1979 and ISsTISd*.^ 
itrday aj Ayr, North Pacific 
took his score for the SnSU 

sa! 0 57 ^ 3 ^ 

■5 n *i" v,c *ory over 
kalcidophone in the Clyde 

£■“ N . UISe *y- The Whatcoifibe 
trainer has also had three win- 
ners abroad. 

Tony Culhane was always un 
w*h Uie leaders on North 
Pacific. Two furlongs out* the 
favourite, Mon Coeur. took up 
the running but North Pacific 
came bursting through at the 
furlong pole i 0 

The day's other highlights at 
S* track were doubles 

for Philip Robinson and Mark 
Birch. Robinson scored a 28-1 
double with Top And Tail and 
Country Carnival while Biretl 
scored on Vdtash and Basoof for 
a 26 V?- 1 double. 

Basoofi a half-sister to 
Shadeed. increased her pad- 
docks value with a game victory 
over Hooked Bid in the 
Ballamrae Fillies* Stakes, giving 
Michael Stouie his 70th winner 
of the season. 

Path's Sister, the impressive 
winner of die Auchincruive 
Handicap, is still in Saturday's 
Tote Cesarewiich but a spokes- 
man for the winning trainer, 
Chris Thornton, warned: “She 
will only run at Newmarket if i 
there is a downpour.** 

At Pontefract, the only two 
Newmarket-trained runners in 
the Barnsley Handicap domi- 
nated lire finish with Gary 
Bard well bringing the 25-1 out- 
sider. Thatchville, from being 
virtually tailed off to win by a 
head from David. 

Ayr results 

Goins: good 

2.15 (51) 1. TOP AM) TAIL (P Robtaon. 




9-4 fa** Z Steeps** (N Horn, 7-1* 3. 
* " “ “ ~ Birch. 33-1). ALSO 

Sancton On Sam (M 
RAN: 7-2 Anaka ' 

33- 1). 

7-1 Non-fiction 

(5di). Roman Beta (4cti). Titans ’s Star. 33 
Joyce s Pet 8 ran. U. itol. fcL 41. 21. M 
Ryan at JtewmarkeL Tote: £4.00; £1.70. 
£3.20, £430. DF: £11.90. CSF; £15.85. 
lmm 00.40sec. 

245 (fifl 1. VfLTASH (M Birch. 9-1); Z 
Golden GuBdar (U Chsmock. 9-17. ' 
WhM Lady (P Robinson. 11-2 fr-fa 
ALSO RAN: 11-2 IHav Tit Witew (501). 
ZBeoeke. 14 Idle Tunes. Henry s Venture, 
33 Kmnred. Penntf. lOOManx. 12 ran. 31, 
nk. hd. 2L 2L J Ettienngion a) Matton. 
Tone £6.10: £1.80. £2.10. £1.90. OF: 
£21.40. CSF: £51.44. Thant £248931. 
lmm n.sisec. 

3.15 (1m) 1. NORTH PACIFIC (A 
CuUiene. 5-1V Z Ktatartnphnnn (Q 
DuffieW, 14-1* 2, Golden TraecAMackay. 
5-1). ALSO RAN: 0-4 tev Mon Coeur Mil 
11-2 Boy Smger. 6 Ben LecH (5th), 14 litas 
2 oio. ZOCrogendanDch (fitn) 8 ran. iai, 
U hd. ttel. 3L P COW at Whairambe 
Tote: E6. 00; £1 90. n 80, £230 DF 
£47 50 CSF: £57.47 1mm 39-94MC. 

345 (1m) 1. COUNTRY CARNIVAL 1 
Robraon. 8-1L 2. Ltaht The Way | 
DufilekL 11-8 mv); 3. M*Mr U Bteasdaj . 
25-1). ALSO RAN; B La BeAe (X Santa 


£630; £190, £1-20/1230. DF: £730 
CSF: £1844. Iran 41.40»c. No bid. 

4.15(110)1. BASOOF (M BYch. 7-4 lav): 
2. Hooked Bid (G Baxter. 85-40). 3, Gram 
For Danger (M HRs. 14-1). ALSO RAN:5£ 
Great Daemma Pth* 20 Starboard. 33 
Moiy Panndge (5mL Crmnft ran). 7 ran. 
%l, 1L hd. 7L 81- M Stouie et Newmarket. 
Tow £2.40; £1 40. £130. DF: E2S0. CSF: 
ES.72. lmm 4038sec. 

445 (1m 7f) 1. PAWS SISTER (M 
Tebtxitt, 7-2 faW; Z Kitewicfc (G Baxiar. 6- 
IV 3, Ctiadce Ot Staer fT Luca * . 10-1). 
ALSO RAN: 6 Coftsro (5th). 8 Lakkio. 
Coieman Hawkins. 9 Reform Pnrwesa 
(Btni. n PauteSacrflL 20 Carousel Roeka* 
t4m). Tharaleos. 33 Hoi Ruler. 11 ran. M, 
51. iHl. 21. 41. c thormon « MiddMiam. 
Tote- £480; £4.60. £1-50. E2S0. DF; 
£9.40 CSF: £21.99. Tncast E168S7. 3mki 

Ptecepot £56.70. 


Gqjffj: firm 

2.15 (im) 1, PLAIN TALK (P Breoe. 8-1* 
Z Feng (D Meade. 3-1 lav* 3. Mr* 
Haughty (AWga*l Richards. 4-1). ALSO 
RAN: 100-30 Cool (4th). 6 T 
(5(h). 10 Mal-Y-Pense, 16 Ladv 
(6th), 25 Fkneamua. 33 Tlmsoto. 9 ran. 21, 
iv.h vh 21. II. A Hide at Newmarket. 
Tote: £8.20: E2JM. £1.70. £1-30. DF; 
£15.10. CSF; £30.13. 

2.45 (im 2f) 1 ■ G G MAGIC (R Cochrane, 
6-1): 2. Dick KtegM (A Shouta. 4-1* 3. 
Baytmo (M Rmmer. 9-4 lev). ALSO RAN; 
15-2 Jus) Candti. 8 Hot Betty, 9 Nelson's 



Potemrsos. ■«-««, , 

Money at Newmarket. Tote: ES£0; £1.30. 
£2.40. £1. 9a DF: £14.60. CSF: £34S2. 
Winner bought in lor 2.700gns. 

3.15 am 20 1. BRWHTNER (AOwk): 2. 1 
Cod Number (D N*no*sV NO SP 
TURNED. 2 ran- 101. G Harwood at | 
Puftorough. Tow ran £1.ia 
345 151) 1. THATCHVttLE (G Bardwefl. 
25-1); 2 .DbvM |G Carter. 9-2*3. SMflkrtr 
Wimpy (S Buekfon. 10-1> ALSO R AN: 15- 
8 lav Axe Vaney (5th). H-2 Cnma Gdd/10 
Leh Right. Spawmaker Boy. 12 Miss 
pnrrwiaT PhtawrtfthV 18 voiwe T raaar 

IBth) 10 ran. hd. 7L 2WL hd. , tdl 
Matthews at Jg™* 2 *** 

£6 10. £1 40. £3-20. DF: £6230. CSF: 
£12662. Trrcasc n 114.32. 

4.15 <60 1 . CHcmrrzo w Rdd. s-i* z 

ISI uanrnu. a HOT Deny, 3 wrauii » 
12 Toemy. 14 FnsKy Hope, 

mg. Earl's «5oun (RH MurSoMki* 
90S. 15 ran. nk, 5L II. >4,2.0 


Mansell’s nerve is facing its final test 

Master of Mexico: Ansriian Gerhard Berger takes the chequered fkg in his Beneonn-BMW, and later samples the spoils of victory after the first grand prix win of his career. 

From John Ek raden, Mexico be bis nerve. This week he will a much closer run thing. Each would 

_ soend two days on the Honda stand then have five wins, two seconds, 

The organizers of the Australian 
Grand Pnx must be delighted that 
the 1986 Drivers World Champion- 
ship will be decided in Adelaide on 
October 26. So are many members 
of the Grand Prix fraternity, most of 
whom were so impressed with the 
organization of the inaugural race 
there last year that they believe 
anything else would have been less 
than justice. L 

Even Nigel Mansell, though 
understandably disappointed not to 
have been able to put the issue 
beyond doubt in Mexico City on 
Sunday, concedes that the still 
finely-balanced championship bat- 
tle is in the best interests of the 
sport- “It will make a terrific finale 
to what has been one of the best 
seasons fbr years," he said. 

It also means, of course, that for 
Mansell the pressure is on for two 
more weeks, but he is still handling 
it well, and if anything lets him 
down at the final hurdle it will not 

be his nerve. This week he will 
spend two days on the Honda stand 
at the Motor Show, then a few days 
of relaxation with his family before 
flying out to Australia at the 

With 70 points on his score-sheet 
compared with Alain Frost's 64 and 
Nelson Piquet's 63, Mansell is still 
favourite to take the title. Victory in 
Adelaide is vital for the other two, 
and even if one or other of them can 
win they will still be thwarted if 
Mansell finishes in the first three. 
Third place would give him 72 
points from his 1 1 best results of the 
season. A victory by Prost or Piquet 
would also place them on 72 points 
from their best 1 1 scores. 

The tie, in that instance, would be 
resolved in Mansell's favour which- 
ever of his rivals finished first in 
Australia. If Prost won the race it 
would be his fourth victory of the 
year, but Mansell already has five 
wins so the title would be his. 

If Piquet were to win the final 
race with Mansell third, it would be 

three thirds and one fourth place. 
Mansell, however, has finished fifth 
on two occasions this seasoo. Piquet 
on none. So again, the title would be 

For most of the teams racing in 
. Mexico City on Sunday, of course, 
the championship was beyond reach 
- it was the race itself which 
mattered, and especially so for 
Benetton. This team, which ran 
under the Toleman name until it 
was purchased last year by the 
Italian clothing company, has been 
part of the grand prix scene since 
1981. At first, it found the going 
very lough indeed, and in the early 
days it was something of an 
accomplishment to even qualify for 
a race. But this enthusiastic and 
colourful team has never been short 
on perseverance, nor has it ever 
indulged in self-pity when things 
have gone wrong- Instead, it has 
kept plugging away, gradually eas- 
ing its way up the starting grid and 

put in a few championship points 
into the record book. Two years ago, 
Ayrton Senna was on the driving 
strength and he soon demonstrated 
the potential of the nimble chassis 
designed by Rory Byrne. Last 
season Teo Fabi put the car on pole 
position in Germany and has done 
so on two more occasions this year. 
But for Benetton, good qualifying 
performances have been difficult to 
translate into solid race results — 
until Sunday. 

For their team manager. Peter 
Collins, Berger's race victory was 
especially pleasing. “I think people 
have been taking us seriously most 
of the season, but now I think we 
have earned the right to be consid- 
ered a top team. I'm delighted that 
we’ve been able to give Pirelli a 
victory before they bow out. We 
used mud tyres on the left side of the 
car and slightly softer ones on the 
right It was a big gamble, but motor 
racing is all about gambling, and I'm 
delighted it came ofTand enabled us 
to go through non-stop". 

No team exactly jumped for joy 
when another one pulled off a 
victory. But in the paddock after 
Sunday’s race there was a great deal 
of goodwill going for grand prix 
racing's latest winning team. “They 
deserved it” was the almost unani- 
mous verdict. 

RESULTS: 1. G Berger (Austria). Benetton43MW, 
68 laps, in* 33mm iftnoaaa iSLiMgc 2. A 

Prost (Fr), Mariboro-McLaren-TAG. 


3. A Senna (8r). JPS Lotus Renault. 1-34:11313; 

4. N Piquet (Bn. Canon WHams-Honra. B7 laps; 

5. N Mansell (GBL Canon VWtams-Homta. 67 
laps; 6. P A*ol (Fr), Ugw-R&nauB, 87 taps; 7. T 
Boutsen (Betg). Barclay Arrows-BMW. 66 tops. 8. 
A De CesansittaM. Mmardt-MM. 66 laps; 9. C 
Danner (WG* Barony Airows-BMW. 66 taps; 1 0. J 
Palmer (GBl. west Zakspeed. 65 laps: 11. M 
Bnjndft? [GBj. Data General Tyron-Renamt. 85 
laps; 12. S Johansson (Swe), Ferrari. 64 taps; 13. 
R Patrese (Italy), onvea Brabnam-BMW, 64 taps; 
14. A Naniwii (Italy). MmanS-MM 64 laps: 15. R 

_ . . . 16. A Berg 


70 pis; 2. Prost. 64; 3. Piquet. 63; 4, Senna. 55; 5, 
nosnerg. 22: 6. Johansson. ig ; 7. Berger. 17; 8 
equal. Laflw. Amour and AaxnHO. 14; 11. 
Brunate. 5. 12. Jones. 4; 13 equal. Fata. Patrese. 
Dumfries and Tamoay.2; 17 equal, Strerff. Danner 
and Allot 1. 

Honda, 13S; Z McLaren- TAG. 87; 3. Loms- 
RenaulL 67; 4. Ferrari. 33; 5. Lwer-RenaiA. 29 6. 
Benetton-BMW. 19: 7. TyneB-Seraut. 6: 8. Lota- 
Ford. 6; 9. BraDham-BMW, Z 10. Arrows-BMW. 1 . 


Maradona makes amends 

Diego Maradona pul his pen- 
ally tears behind him at the 
weekend as Napoli drew along- 
side Juvemus at the top of the 
Italian first division. But an- 
other World Cup veteran* the 
Spanish midfield player, Juan 
Senor. suffered Maradona's fate 
of 1 1 days previously as a failure 
from the penalty spot robbed his 
dub side of their last chance of 
saving the game. 

Maradona had been dis- 
traught after his miss at the end 
of a penally shoot-out in the 
UEFA Cup tie against Toulouse 
had put Napoli out of the 
competition. But the Argentina 
captain did not shirk his 
responsibilities at Sampdoria 
yesterday when the referee 
awarded a hotly-disputed pen- 
alty against the home side in the 
65th minute. Maradona slotted 
homem give his side both a 2-1 
win and the chance to go lop for 
the first time in five years when 
they play host to Atalanta next 

Senor was considered to have 
the ideal temperament to take 
an important penalty until yes- 

terday when his missed spot- 
kick four minutes from time 
robbed Real Zaragoza of a draw 
away to Atletico Madrid. 

The match of the day in Spain 
yesterday between Zaragoza and 
Atletico Madrid was reaching its 
climax, with Atletico 2-1 up 
after a superb 40-meter run and 
low shot from Francisco 
Llorenlc. when the visitors were 
awarded a penalty. Senor was 
the obvious man to take it. but 
his shot hit the post Atletico 
survived and slipped into sets 
ond place, one point behind 

Barcelona straggled past local 
rivals Espanol 1-0 to remain 
unbeaten in the league after nine 
matches. The Catalans are 
showing a useful ability to win 
even when playing below their 
best and the return of Ramon 
Caklere could help Gary 
Lineker and Mark Hughes show 
their best form. 

Real Madrid have taken just 
two points from three league 
games since trouncing Young 
Boys, of Switzerland, 5-0 in the 
European Cup two weeks ago. 

Beaten by Osasuna last week- 
end. they were yesterday held 0- 
0 by another lowly side. Racing 
de Santander, and fell to third 

In West Germany, Bayern 
Munich extracted a 0-0 draw 
from their game with Eintracht 
Frankfurt to stay top of the 
league. Bayern have not won in 
Frankfurt for 16 years and they 
never looked like breaking the 
jinx once a shot from their lull 
back, Nacbtweih, had re- 
bounded to safety off a posL 

Hamburg SV moved into 
second place after a 2 -0 win 
against Stuttgart, easing above 
Bayer Leverkusen. 

No deal 


BBjGIAN: LDUran 1. Andarlecnt 4; 
Racing Jel Z Cerda Bruges 1; Meeheton 
Z FC Liege 0; Warogem 1, Antwerp I* 
Motenbeeit 1, Svalng 1; Chvtorof 4, 
Barchan 1; Qub Bruges 1. Ghent 0; 
Beaschotl. Beveranl: Standard LMoe 3, 
Kortnjk a Lending po si t io n s: 1, Club 
Bruges. p7. T2po; 2. Anoenecm. 7. 1 1; 3, 
dflrd Litae. 7. 10. 

BULGAR1AR Wtosha 8,Chanx*noretS 1; 
Akaaenmk 1. Staww 1; SpaneK Pleven 1. 
Lokomotiv Sofia 3. TraKta S. Spartak 
Varna 1: Vratea 2, Lokomotiv Plovdiv 0: 
□nrmrovgrad 1. Bur 0: Snadets 3. Pnn 0. 
Loafing posRtoae: 1. Vtnwna, p8. 14pts; 
2. Stavia. 9. 13:3, Srodets, 9, 11. 

DUTCH: Cup: Aral rami: Barendracht 0. 
PEC Zwola 7; Beraokom 0. Excelsior 4; 
Heertansdan 0. FC Den Bosdi Z 
Kozakken Boys 1. Voendmn 2: Enter 
Voonitt 1. Sparta Rotterdam 6; DET0 1, 
torn Z GVW a FC Utrecht 5: 
1 . tex 4; TOP 0. PSV ElwBwwn 
4; Sparta US' 0, FC Twente 5: Bndhoven 
1, rc Groningen Z Emmen 1. AZ '67 
AHunear 4; Fle*o Boys 0. Fortune Stttard 
2: Stttard 0. Feyenoord Z Cambuur 1. FC 
Den Haag 6; D5 '793. Go Ahead Eagles Z 
Vhsatngen 1 . FC WV 4; Spvta 2. Roda X 

ITALIAN: Atafcnta 0. Asdoll Or Aveffino 1, 
Cam) 1; Horantina 1. Juvemus 1; AC 
Milan a Inter Mtan (* Roma i Bresda 1; 
Sampdoria 1, Napok 2; Torino 1 . Envoi 0; 
Udtnese 2. Verona , Z Leading pcnMoiw 
1. Juventus. p5. Bptt; Z Napofe, 5. 8; 3. 
Coma 5.7. 

ROMANIAN: Victona Buclwrwt 1. 
Dinamo Bucharest nGaM 0, Sporaa 
Bucharest 1: PetroM Ptwesu 3, Buzau 0: 
Areas Pnosti 1. Hapsd Bucharest 0; 
ConrinJ Hunedoara 3. Jul Patrosani ft 
Steaua Bucharest Z FC Brasov ft 
Uravorsitatea Coora! 3. Racara Mortal 0; 
Napoca 3. Beceu 0; Cttnue Rramcu VBcea 

1. Sudna OR Z Leedtag powbons: 1, 
Steaua Bucharest pfl. I5pts: 2. Dinamo 
Bucharest. B. 11; 3. PetroUPtoiesti.8, 10; 
4, Slabna OIL 8, 1ft. 

SPANISH: SaoadeB 2, Sevflte Z Cadiz 1. 
AtMMlc Bitiao ft Real Mataraa 3, deal 
vaaadoiid Z Racing 0. Real Madnd ft 
. Barcelona 1 . Espanol 0; Real SociedeO 2, 
Las Palmas 1; Real Bess 1. Sporting ft 
Attebco Madnd Z Real Zaragoza 1: 
Osasuna 0. Real Murcia 0. Loading 
positions: i. Barcelona. p9. Mpts; 2. 
Attekx) Madrid. 9. 13; 3. Real Maorid. 9. 
12; 4. Real Mallorca. 9.11. 

SWISS: St Gatan 0. Lucerne ft Senrstta 
Geneva Z Young Boys Berne ft La 
Cnaux-de-Fonds 0. Basle Z Grass- 
hoppers Zurich 2, Aareu ft Sion ft 
Neuchanl Xamax 1; VOvey 2. Locarno 1; 
Wetfingen 1. FC Zurich i; De Wt a one 4. 
Lausanne 2. Leading positions: 1. Neu- 
chatel Xamax. pll. iBpts; Z Oass- 
i Zurich. 11. IF ‘ “ 

,11, 14. 

,18; 3. Son, 11. 15; 4. 

Plans to bring Barcelona to 
Belfast later this year for a 
testimonial for Pat Jennings, 
the Northern Ireland goal- 
keeper, have been vetoed by 
the Spanish dub. 

Enfield drawn 
Bury Town 

Enfiekl were offered some 
consolation yesterday for (heir 
top-oflhe- table defeat by Al- 
in nebam in the GM Vauxhall 
Conference on Saturday. They 
were drawn at home to Bury 
Town, of the Eastern League, in 
the fourth qualifying round of 
the FA Cup, and barring an 
upset will again reach the first 
round proper. 

Maidstone United, the new 
Conference leaders, also have a 
comfortable-looking tie, away to 
Southwick of the Vauxhall Opel 
first division. 

DRAW: Macclesfield _v Southport or 

10, 14; 3, Bayer 

1; Ekmaem Framdun 0. Bayern Mumcn o; 
Bocium 2, Bayer Leverkusen 1 ; Borussla 
Monchengiadoach 5, Horn burg ft 
Kaiserslautern 1. Bayer Uenftigan ft 
Werdar Bremen 4. wauhof Maimnem Z 
Hamburg SV 2. Stuttgart ft Uwfing 
goeMawK I^Bajiwn Munich. p10, 16pts; 

Leverkusen. 10. 13. 

YUGOSLAV: Spartak Subottca 0. Hgdufc 
Split 1: Velez Mostar Z Radracta Nta 1: 
Sarajevo 1. Vanhv ft Dinamo Vfnkovd 1. 

eska Nfcstc 1: Parttzan Boareml 2, 
.. J Star Belgrade ft Buducnost lltoaad 
Z Pristina 1: Soooda Tuzla ft OsqA 1; 
Rlyoka 3, Otmrnno Zagreb 0. LcesSng 
■ IK 1. varder. j>10. ItptK 2. 
i Zagreb, ift 10:3. Hajduk. ift 10. 

Cofiery or Chester -te-Street v Caentar- 
fon: Gooie v Nuneaton; Northwich Vkaoria 
v Siartwd; Boston Limed v Gams- 
bprough; ViWttjy v Newrasta Btue Star or 
Workington: Cnoriey v Bishop Auckland; 
Kettenng v Windsor and Eton; Halesowen 
v OkSxvy; BtsriOp's Stonford v Hampton 
or Ftefwr; Enfield v Bury Town; 
Bromsgroue v Buckingham: King's Lynn v 
Woodford; Cheknstord v KWdermlnster 
Dagenham v Weaktstone; Yeadmg v 
Ayfcbuy; Staines or WMltileyv MtaSng; 
Wycombe v VS Rugby; Totton or 
Wonborne v Bognor Ffegfe; Bidafond v 
Qerttad: FamOonoogh v Heme Bay; 
Skmgh r Dover or Careharton; Bath v 
Yeom; TrowOnaga or Stourbridge v 
Farahanr, Southwidt v Maatstcme; Ton 
Pentre v Minehaad; Woking v Weymouth. 
(MMdies to be played on October 25* 


Threat to 

By Mitchell Platts 

Cordon J. Brand's finest sea- 
son is being tarnished by a 
w o t tying wait for his £18,000 
first prize which be won at the 
Nigerian Open in Lagos last 
February. And if the sponsors 
fail to complete foO payment of 
the £125,000 prize fund ia the 
near future there is a distinct 
possibility of a change in policy 
as fiur as the entire Safari circuit 
b> concerned. 

Ken Schofield, executive 
director of the PGA European 
tour, said: “I am always con- 
cerned when we are owed money 
though we have been in this 
position before. Ewen Many 
waited most id the year in 1984 
after be won the Nigerian Open. 

“The Nigerian Open has al- 
ways paid m full since the fitst 
event in 1969, and we are hopfiag 
that they will continue that 
record even though there has 
been no concrete response yet to 
the frequent telex messages 
between ns.*’ 

Brand, the 31 year old 
Yarkshireman who finished run- 
ner op behind Greg Norman in 
the Open at Turn berry in Jeiy, 
led the Safori circuit this seam 
with his victories in the Nigerian 
and the Inwy coast Opens. He is 
enjoying by for his best season in 
Europe with winnings of 
£98^256, and he is cnmmtly fifth 
in the Epson Order of Merit. 

The tardiness of the Nigerians 
is also creating a problem, for 
Schofield who is eager to com- 
plete the arrangements for the 
Safori circuit in 1987.“We can- 
not go ahead and finalise dates 
m we have received payment 
from the Nigerian Open, and an 
derstanding that the event 
will take place next year,” added 
Schofield. “It has to be under- 
stood Oat it is not Eke negotiat- 
• for a Bell's Scottish Open or 
a Sanyo Open. 

“If the Nigerian Open way 
removed from the c a le nd ar then 
that would place the Ivory Coast 
Open jeopardy. The two events 
are geographically well suited, 
befog within a one-boor flight of 
each other, bid the Ivory Coast 
Open does not have a large prize 
fund so the l ik e li hood of players 
going there for the one event 
would be mfoimaL** 


Scott drives Astros 
to great heights 

New York (AP) — Mike Scon 
pitched a lhree-hiner in a 
record-setting performance on 
Sunday night as the Houston 
Astras defeated New York Mets 
3-1 and levelled the National 
League play-offs at two victories 

Alan Ashby, given a second 
chance when his foul pop-up 
was not caught, hit a two-run 
homer and Dickie Thon added a 
solo shot, accounting fbr all the 
runs off the Mets left-hander, 
Sid Fernandez. 

Scott, who beat the Mets 1-0 
in the first game became the first 
pitcher in either league to pitch 
two complete games in a play- 
off series. 

Scott won the first game with 
a five-hitter, equalling a play-off 
record with 14 strike-outs. 
While he was less overpowering 
this time, returning on three- 
days rest after throwing 12S 
pitches in the first game, he was 
no less effective. 

Scott bad 19 strike-outs, the 

highest ever in a league play- 
off.The lone ran off Scon came 
in the eighth when pitch hitler 
Danny Heep drove in Mookie 
Wilson with a sacrifice fly.The 
Astros scored two of their runs 
in the second inning, an inning 
prolonged when the Mets failed 
to catch a pop-up in foul 
territory by Ashby before be hit 
his home run. 

• ANAHEIM (Reuter) - The 
slumbering bats of Boston's 
power hitters came to life jus! in 
time on Sunday as the Red Sox 
beat the California Angels 7-6 in 
1 1 innings to force a sixth game 
in their American League 
championship series. 

Dave Henderson, the sub- 
stitute centre fielder, drove in 
the winning run in front of 
64,000 spectators and shattered 
the Angels' dream of winning 
the first pennant in their 2S-year 

SCORES: Houston Astros 3. New York 
More 1; Boston Rad Sox 7. Caifomra 
Angela 6. 


Payton’s place secure 

New -York (AP)- Walter 
Payton of the Chicago Bears 
became the first player to record 
20XKX) yards (or combined rush- 
ing, receiving and returns, and 
another versatile player, Her- 
schel Walker, helped keep the 
Dallas Cowboys in the National 
Football Conference East race 
by ending Washington Red- 
skins' unbeaten run with a 30-6 

After Sunday's games only 
Chicago, who beat Houston 
Oilers 20-7 thanks to 76 . 
rushing from Payton, and 
ver Broncos, a 31-14 winner 
over San Diego Charger, re- 
mained unbeaten in the Na- 
tional Football League. 

New York Giants, who now 
have a S-I record, gained their 
fifth successive win — their 
longest winning streak since 
1970 - through Phil Simms’s 
two touchdown passes. The 
New York defense, led by their 
linebacker, Lawrence Taylor, 
held the Philadelphia Eagles 
offense to 1 17 yards and sacked 
their quarterbacks, Ron 

Jaworski and Randall Cunning- 
ham, six times. 

Dallas Cowboys’ Walker ran 
for two touchdowns, both on 
one-yard runs, and gained 1 15 
yards on six receptions, to give 
Dallas a 4-2 record and drop 
Washington to 5-1. 

RESULTS: Atlanta Falcons 2ft Los An- 

9 «es Rams 14; Cleveland Browns 20. 

Kansas City Chefs 7; Dates Cowboys 30. 

Wasfwwton Redskins 6; Detroit Uons 21. 

Gram Bay Packars 14: Chicago Bears 2ft 

Houston Otars 7; New (Means Saints 17, 
Mamapofis Cote 14; Maml Dotprms 27, 

Buffalo Bis 14; New York Jets 31. Now 

Erayand Patnots 24; St Lows Cantatas 

30. Tampa Bay Buccaneers 1ft Los 

Angetas Radars 14. Seattle SeetnwKs 

1ft Now York Gants 35. Phtaaalpnta 

Eagles 3; Denuar Broncos 31, San P — 
Chargers 14; Mmesota VHangs 27, 
Francisco 49ers 24 (aaft 


Croydon's Duke McKenzie 
is to defend his European 
flyweight title against 
Giampiero Pinna, of Italy. 
The deadline for purse offers 
lo ihe European Boxing 
Union is October 27. 


pool is 
full of 

From David Miller 
Chief Sports Correspondent 

Lord Lake, Ihe 81 -year-old 
International Olympic 
Committee member, of Eton, 
Trinity (Cambridge) and 
Odell Castle, Bedfordshire, is 
a little bard of hearing bat still 
alert 10 the nuances of sport. 
Bidding goodnight to tnembere 
of the Birmingham candidate 
committee here the other day, 

as be beaded fur the elevator, 

he said, almost absent- 
mindedly: Try not to fool it 

op too much." 

Everybody laughed. Yet 
there was a meaningful under- 
current of truth in the aside of 
an aged aristocrat who has 
been 35 years on the IOC and 
was for 27 years chairman of 
Bovril and also of the National 
Playing Fields Association. 

The evidence of the past 48 
hours, around the exhibition 
stands of 13 candidates and 
the myriad committee meet- 
ings, is that Birmingham a 
bid which is viewed seriously 
by enough IOC members to 
make it a fancied outsider; hot 
that Birmingham may be go- 
ing lo anderseU itself through 
lack of experience and knowl- 
edge of the piranha-infested 
aquarium of international 

In the wake of such veteran 
administrators as Follows, 
Nod-Baker, POrritt, Rons, 
Wintertottom, Exeter and 
Duncan, Britain is pitifully 
short of international sports 
leaders. What Birmingham 
has desperately needed this 
week is one or two inspira- 
tional sporting figures who 
would have given risible 
identification to its outstand- 
ing sports-for -the-competitors 

City lacks 
foundation body 


H>ns 5-6 tavL 


a ian. NR- Meadow®**. 2W. sh fid. 
no. iVI. R J wn^ittNewmartiWjnta; 
£6.00; £1 50. £3.00, £1.10. DF: £29.20. 
CSF; £54.67. 

4.45 (im) 1. CALBOGUE fR OoeOrans. 
7-4 lav). Z PtwronA Blue (GCwrar 1ft 1) 
3 Fhileau (D GlOson. 8-1). ALSO RAN; t 
Khaanil (Stfi). 8 Fountram's Cnok». 10 
KEy A^agesn. 11 Mustang i mh* 
12 CaerSene, 20 JMimy Snarp tsttft 25 
Xnocksnarry. 11 ran. tw. 6> ._7l. a LjjkJ* 
Sneamer at N£ST B, !i£ L 
£1 SO. £1 90. £2-90 OF £1ft50. CSF: 
£1989 Tncast p 1038. 

Ptocepofc £13.80 


Going: firm 
20 (im) I. 

2 . 


200 (im 2f 170yd) (. Bf**" ? 

Cautiian. 9-4* Z Final 
Chctoi (5-1) 10 ran. 2L 1LH Gew. tow, 
£230. £1-10. £13®. CStaft DF: n.80. 

3J) ( i m 41 52yd) 1 . bom Dart (N Adams. 
25-1* 2, TraOsWS Jewel (4-1ta»*3. Kerry 

EL 50 , DF; £50-50- CSF: £12000. Trcast: 

Kick-off 7 JO unless stated 
UEFA Under 21 Champions hip 
Rep Ireland v Scotland (8.0) 

, Uttlewoods Cup 
.Second round, second leg 

MSwail (1) v Walsall (Q) 

Second division 

Huddersfield v Shrewsbury p 

Plymouth v Sheffield Utd 

Third division 

Doncaster v Carfisfe 

Fourth division 

Wrexham v Peterborough 

FA CUR: TbMI wnfiMng rorod npteyw 
ChasterJe-Stfeel y EaSn^on CMmy; 

Er T^^ v c £9^ 1 *>o r tSmuW | (fge*Trow- 

pridge: Fisher v Hampion. Wsmolay v 

; Staines; Carehatton vDora r. 

Nonhwicti; SuttonUntad w Kettering. 
Chortay v wmon; Gooie * Buxton; l 

LEAGUE: FW dhiWon; Congleton « 
StalybncJge Celtic. 

Bristol Manor FBmi v Kaynsham. 

OTHER MATCH: Hsndon v Brantford. 


LanasnreiWB v East Mhtands (« Letcas- 
tar, 7.15* Notts. Laws and Osroys v 
Warwickshire (at Nottmgtiam RFC. 
Baeston.7 IS* 

CLUB MATCH: Fonarth v Newbridge (7 J* 


dhtateK Hid v BracSord Nonnem (7 .30). 


seal ASH RACKETS: American Express 
Premier League (6-30): AntaghHaa v 
Irnercoy Cannons; Home Sales NcxtBig- 
ham v Arrow VSage; Mancnestar-Nonfr 
em n PounOMroiOier Dumings Md; Wsco 
Monroe v Hata West Country; Contra! 

Sfcol Oadby v Chapa) ABenon. 

Brnndle’s aim 


Rat round: Andcww v GomoreteWorflv 
AytesDury v Qumtam and 
HHBngdon; Bartwy * ItofningBn; 

Bednorm Oak; Btewv 

Hednesfont Bromagrort v WBeghaa; 

Cnathom v Gravesend and NortftflOfife 

V Witney: Grarttham v 8hepaMd 
Chartertuun: H aleso wen « Ahectarch. 

Evorton » Hrff; Leexftw Lireropot 
MuKtastrough « Derby; Oktham v Man- 
ertasrar tkirod: Sheffield Wednesday v 
Coventry. Second division: Presron v 

enitjfS High flyers 



Pamela Heaney 
AmoWy. H. nk.w 
£140. £850. Bft_ 

£97 94. Tncast £1151-09 
i?(imTrM«YSg« ■g.fggjS! 

£2.30; FI 20. £1 10. 25-30- DF* 
'feSR. Skyboa (T tves . 7-1 k^Oui 
On A 

Martin Brandfe could become 
the first Formula One grand prix 
driver 10 lake pan in the 
Lombard RAC rally since Jim 
Clark and Graham Hill 20 years 
ago. The Tyrrell driver, from 
Norfolk, is hoping negotiations 
with a potential sponsor will be 
ccnnpleied in time for him to be 
at ihe wheel of a Ford RS300 for 
the five-day Round-Briiain race, 
which starts at Baih on Novem- 
ber 16. 

£1280. £4.' 
ptacepot £49JKL 

£2.00. DF: £21.00. CSF- 

Blinkered first time 

AYR: 2-45 RaBdrtWrii" 4.45 CMW 


vnon: FmcW^l v 

wmgato w Boranam wood. Uxtsndge * 
Epsoni and Ewtffc Watson and tiemam v 

Bracknell Second tflwteion soulfc 
~ oeney; Egnam v FSackwefl 
dWtskn norite Ware v 

Coowror rasqve s v S on am. By w 
watten; HawrrtH v Htsloa Lowetodt y 
H arwcn and Farkesfon: March v Branv 
tre« Nerariwtot » StowmarlieL- T^ltito v 
Ctaaon. WBhech * Thetfcrd, 


The Brabham Formula One 
motor racing team has accepted 
a challenge from .the- Royal 
Navy to match 0 % of iis cars 
against the world's fastest heli- 
copter. the Westland Lynx, 
around the Adelaide grand prix 
circuiL It will take place on 
October 25. the day before the 
Australian Grand Pnx. - 





McCarthy and stone mdoor cub 

Dotptwi 87 East Dorsal 77; Victory 76 
Longmaadow 73; Wonlmg TO Attraloy 89: 
Wwthmi PtKtann 84 Wb o< taght 73: New 
fctttnn 7B Bamaar Park 95; Ktag Gaorga 74 
Hounslow 82 Way UoDoy 95 Sutton 6ft 
Fabse W Gufcvais 67; Wataden 61 East- 
bourne 95: Kina Attwd 70 Margate 94; 
76 Egnr*on Park 71; Graflnwtdi 115 

fciirfieid r “ “ 

r. 6. S Kefly (fi). a Imki 
it (Bd): 8. A Da Stws (Port): 
10. J Fadarsan (Den). aS 
32, 5 Bauer (um* 

S6 Bounds Green 70: 
cemry 67 BtaRKtay 79; Ataxanora Palace 83 
Bisnops StonKW 89. Baoton) 66 South Beat 
94: Harm 62 stensfisto 83: Slavanage 88 
Hans fS, Karpsooen 78 Paarfcpn 80: 
TBiuty BS Marti ft* Towartanot 8i Chaanunt 
85; Tye Green 77 Faioon 78: Stutwnd 89 
Cbom 60. WqUrTQton 88 Bndpo n 9ft Ctame ‘ 
Duntw 92 Bmfcn Ceiiopnane 6ft Venn 
(Strata) 79 uwnead 77: Tai«txi Deane 66 
Moriands 87: Taunton 88 Moonfeet 74; 
Waicheta? Frame 6ft YemHI 77 Chnstte MNar 

Andarson (Aus). 6hr I3nw 07sec: 2. J Petaon 
(Fr): 3. C Monel Fra), both mm tone: d, A 
Van der Pota (Nam), at Msec. 5. J Mutator 

^7 M jS " 

9. F HOGU (B. 

sanwnme Other ptaefafla: 

1.03*5. R MOW (GBL cam 
BALLMA. Aucvtata: Cana 

te. second stage p3ikm* l. A 
; Z. L wanKjwn (Sura* 3, M 4 
ri Onal mn dtae tt 1, * 

_ i5asac.2.Logw425jn. 


TMG TBtALSt North YoitcBtara Ctmn (25 
mtes* 1. G (Marion (Moongtam cwmn) 

wtaVqMSL dhr MtaLamadi 

.3. AnsenneL 

round (GB utaess stated): At Bary; H 
Cnaperon(Can)a I Dodd 9-4 AI M»n C h e ste r . 
G Scon « P WatttKxn (Ran ol rra) 9-7. At 
Worcester: G Cnpsey W H Balas 8-6. At 
Leicetaer: B Harm bt J Raa 9-S At Bootle: R 
Ecrrambt bt J Bear (Can) 9-6 AINewtea l e- 
WBIowk C Rosoxi bt M Vttdman 96; J 
Soracw bi R FoWvan (Ausiftfi. 

SOLIHULL: Woman's worid cfcompioestep. 
eeae-Ontas: A Fisher bt A Jonas 4-1; s 
LeMaich iCan^M K Shaw 4-3- Rata Ffatwr 

BaSestensSn^. £214335; Z J-M OtazaOal 


uuitoivu 90 . MU! to 

Wastes 63; Handy 

9) Exrooutfi71. BuCtoiQhStattatDn 

57 Boam 102. Ryniout) OH Gaivro 100 
Dawleb 73: Newquay 70 Piymoudi M: 
Thamasoosm 95 Gtaucestar 5ft Naesaa 59 
CotMOid S3: Beth « Ctawdon 85; Bnstol 

S3: Matssm Has 80 werena 

84; Nonhavon 97 

HMtdy Cross 52 Whmknights 

92; NorMh and Nonmai 101 Becdes 8ft 
North WMshara 100 Hunstnion 44; Canty 
Ms 96 Browsttn Hal 5ft Great Yarmouth 6& 
ShodoTO Oft GtaOW 63 Wymondham Del 88; 
taswich 1» « Stewmartta 4ft March 98 
Huntingdon 5l; Ktag's Lynn G& HamM 9ft 
Camhnbnp Cneswfan 115 CanMdae and 
Cotimy 63; By S3 Wen Row 74: OdHal 63 
Rebroaie 104. fe;«f,acft6i PeusDorougn S5: 
LskadiWBi 64 a Hoots 103; Erewasti 97 
amragiwn 55; Coventry 80 Avon VaBm 62: 
Mrwon Bi WaangHraugi) 91; AWffleta 73 
H ffia ng nan 77; Grayfnarg 74 Kaminq 82; 
Rucpy 122 HucknaS 58: Entamni Coun 49 
Lecratar 93; Grantram 55>altag 98: 
Gatesnead 80 ConcortSa 82; Consan 88 
Central and South Was Dufcam 76: 
Hastragton 84 Tynedtae 8ft Boldon 57 
Soniay 121: Sunderland 76 Neweartn Bi: 
Cuncna 114 PnrvoM 44; SMaon 64 Bach- 

: 1 , P Bedford (Godnc CO I h* OOmin 
■k Gcxtec CC 30147 RDos-oo- 

SM(40mta8)i I.PWanUftniWBiqnRq inr 

36mm: Kkgtllh Atoentataa- E ughttooi 
(Mans Viking WH]. VteUtaa CC 05 mtek l.S 
HostaBs (Lou^itxramh Stodams* 5Smfei 
21 sac; Vete r a ns; J Woodoum (Mancttoswr 
WH) 54:08 Ever Hradyprate H a as I gate (82 
mtea): 1 . J Hcrety (Bison-Condor) 2 29r«n 

LEAGUE: Hfta dtate w sc Dalta Mkw 3. 

ft ftesswasre 3. The Tanas ft 
Expression 3. Squasn News a Strand 
dtaaloR ITN Z Email . Daty Express 3. OaJy 
Tate^aph ft tWtaming wanderers 3. Today ft 
Thames TV ft Sunday Mm* 0 two). 

£9ft2SG; 6. R Oavn (Aus). 

McNuhy (SA). Efli345:B, A F 

£77.168. 9. 1 (Aus). £76304 
Ratterv(N.treL f76j049. 

SHIP: At Laocautr; 1. Ksswck. 258; ft 
Uharcton Victoria. 264; 3, Riaisnaw Cosagift 
265. Best mdivvtata: D Jones (Runahaw 
CoOagej. 78 At SooA Harts: 1. Vtautam. 232; 
2. Bkmop Ramsey. 239: 3. S Garages 
Haroenoen. 2<0. Best — ■--- — — - 

(&wop Ramsey). 72. 



1 20 . 


LEAGUE: Liverpool 27. Satard ift 
MU. Tryst '77 19. EK '82 19. KttMw 
Ift Ltecasar -73 16. RiKto Eagtoe 17; 
Pay -83 15. Graal Draafft 

i RC(H 

Odha ml,, 

MANOCSTBt Urarpool Wctori* I 
SupmcMb Hrat round: L WMnaa nam 
tAdiBrioni a R Armsan (Sate). 7-1.S-7. 7-ft A 
WOUUan raedaaO « T Prase (SirearSPuryl. 
7-0. 1-7. 7-5: J Bslser (Gtangorawy) ot Irene 
Hewlett (Bury* 7-3. 7-4. 


LtangoUan. ftS mites): 1. K Jonas (Wrexham 
RQBnra jfesc. Tnc Wrexham FtC. 29mn 
SOsac. Beaty Wh ae l a rc (Wh4by.1tarie^:1. 
P Curran (MteKtaotar wn), 7inin 2&ec 
(record)- WtaaoraCC (Cota Bbw, Madstone; 
IftOO yantefl. M LtcGreqor rmana RCJ 
2mm &ec. Teent Medway V«o. B.4ftft 
LancaaMra RC (SHsetmiaa. ffivtogton. 2.1 
rretaS) 1 . D Weoatar (Uanchaster 
Tewrc Ctayxm VBW. 25:1&ft Mdtatf OCA 
(Rmntay. HaatanL 1158 ywes* 1. R Langtay 

(Soiriua CC) 3min IS ifiacr Tr ’ 

Shan RC. 1024JL BCF 
fMOfisaJ. 645 rarristl.cwtewr (Paragon RTl 
lmm 21sac. W Buxton CC. 4-S0A ABC 
Canfewita (BtoCtttona Edna. 2hnAxG 1. E 
Symeox (Clayton VtaoJ. ftwi 63S4C- 

equesttrianism ~ 

LBBON: Enw ander4i chratpionatap: 
Portugal 2. Sweden a. 

SHP: Saathon Haste: 1. POnsmouth 
Nonhsea. KLWOpts; 2. Hsmw and 
WaMOswna 17^31: 3. Ctty ol Soudampton. 

Hatamod Forum 7. Hatanod Town it; 
WaKeMd Metros 21. Satard 13. 

MIDLAND LEAGUE: Ltecesra B 11. Warwick 

Si z 



ZURKM Enraprart Mott* (rMteat tean*- 
mcM. setta-tataK h 5uKovoiC2)d> L mcnm 

tt"££vn WVffE 

DotAtas finite: Oral and G Saoatn (Arg) tx L 
McNeil and A MaJto n ft ffi) J4 6-<. 6-». 

Keynes): l.S Douce (TSurt Sates* 1hr7mto. 


TOKYO; Japan open ( 

Teaener. 7-5, 3-6. 7-ft I Warner (WG) bt l 
S mras. frft M. 7-ft J Arias W A Agwa. 

64. G Holmes u K none (jqwiL 6-1. 6-1. 
SYDNEY: Aa iutatan i n annrnpa rcrV ta raund 
(Australian unless stand): B Owe H M 
WOoatoroB. 7-6. 6-1; D Cana ot 1 wamtate 
(USLB-ftW.WMrat* bi LWartar.ftftT-ft 

COUNTY MATCH: Berunre 22. Doreta and 

KBIT CUP: P reB m r n t w r round: Sheppey ift 
FbfteEtone 13 nret Reond: East twrevn 3. 
CantBrouiy 37; SavenealuK 19. Erin 9. 


ROAP RUNNING ||)MALane.W.2^6-i.PCaaiotCMtar 


Tba Sums Crnmpmtep of O tM npinna 
JH Yactiix 1 . Luoar W Cassal). 2. Dee Jay (J 
Phtandit 3. JBhf (T WtMBwram: 4. Tner (I 
Watters,). 5. One For The Bovs (P Pym). 
Stooee Cairanty J2« Race: 1 jomt S Davtaar 
ana S Antsel (YJA): 3. T Eandmon. 

ST PAUL, Mi a m i ate; Taan Ctera Mnratwnir 
Itan (US ureass stand* l.lwDanaKCNuslu.2hr 
lflnwi Altaic 2. D Jamu. ftn57. 3. D 
Goreon. 2:12.07. Women: 1. K RosengusL 
ft3230 (cot** riWrifl; Z N (Mz. 234^ft 
C Pimce. 2-3525. 

ATHENS: Greek marathon: 1. Joe ton da 
Warn (Beta). 2hr 27nxn 22sac Z T Hawes 
(GBl £2745; 3 . 0 JPtoteon Kart. 2^8.43: 4, 
b votes (Greece), 230.4ft 5, J Ctaaa(Baig), 
2326: 6. J Famamu (SpL 23ft39 


README Four (Mad it tea toan Wte- 
nere: Lea. 1242. Coxed Baal Baal DMstort 
tap. 133ft Senkw A: Raaang itavarsny. 
13 11 Senor Bi Emanuel. 13.12. Sankr t 
W in cheste r 13.46. Juaon King's Cotaga. 
1364 J unior 16* Ktogs OofcfierR2t 
V eteran : Gutatont M 13 MwnetaStr wa«n 
Bortase s. 15 7 Woman: Haney. 15.47 

Argentina to 
play hosts 

Buen&s Aires (Reuter) — 
Argentina will host the South 
American football champion- 
ships next year, with tentative 
dates between June 28 and 
July 19 having been setThe 
teams will be divided into 
three groups of three at 1978 
World Cup venues Cordoba, 
Rosario and Buenos Aires. 

This is no reflection on 
Denis Howell, who has val- 
iantly fronted the campaign in 
his inimitable, occasionally 
sarcastic, parliamentary way 
bat has been learning while he 
travels tens of tboasands of 
miles the intricate allegiances 
of the often vain, self-im- 
portant, sometimes childish 
and occasionally objective 
members of the IOC. 

On the technically brilliant 
foundations of Jimmy Mann, 
the foremost leisure admin- 
istrator in Britain, Howell has 
lifted Birmingham to where it 
is: one of three candidates, 
with Amsterdam and Bris- 
bane, organized with a balance 
of genuine sporting and social 
awareness who, lamped to- 
gether in one block of votes, 
coald overhand Barcelona and 

What Birmingham needed, 
harsh though ft may soand to 
say so, was a foundation 
committee, separate from the 
council which landed the bid, 
to provide some 

Birmingham’s committee, 
dedicated, altruistic and afaie, 
has created around the Na- 
tional Exhibition Centre an 
almost unrivalled challenge, 
yet has (aided to remain 

Two nights ago there was an 
invitation to each dty lor half, 
a dozen members to dine with 
the IOC Each carefully nomi- 
nated its key negotiating 
personnel. Birmingham, well 
inteutfoned but misguided, in- 
cluded a ample of wives and 
omitted Mann. 

Other bricks are audibly 
dropped. Foreigners who have 
known each other 20 years are 
enthus i as ti cal l y introdacedcto 
one another by Birmingham 
representatives, not all ]of 
whom have the subtlety and 
tact of Graham Tevis, the 
Midlands police security 

Critical impact 
of Coe and Co 

Where are the British lead- 
ers? Mary Glen Haig, a 
diligent new IOC member, as 
yet metaphorically does not 
pond) her weight. The irony of 
Lord Luke's comment is that 
Howell and Charles Pahne&- 
the British Olympic 
atioa chairman who vis 
competes with HoweU risitify 
to be in Birmmgham' l s front 
fine - are both azurions even- 
tually to sncceed Luke, yet 
conU be bypassed by Princess 
Anne, the BOA president, or 
Sebastian Coe, a member of 
tiie athletes’ commissfon. 

Coe will address the IOC in 
Thursday's final presentation, 
which includes an rnmeflft 
video documentary with Ron 
Pickering as commentator. 
Their impact will be criticaL 

Short of Prince Philip, 
president of the Equestrian 
Federation, Britain has no 
international figurehead. Bir- 
mingham would have d one 

better to invite Dick Pahner, 
the respected retiring BOA 
secretary, ami David Hemery 
to attend the final two days' 
campaigning, rather tha» 
)by Charlton, who will not 
know one IOC member other 
than Joao Havebnge. 

















So . 




m ma 
I bee 
I wot 

* A 

in • 











t car 








Players claim Board’s 
decision does not 

protect fringe benefits 

The decision of the Inter- 
national Rugby Football 
Board (still to be con finned 
next March) to compensate 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

been on some tremendous 
tours and when you think it is 
all paid for, if you ask for more 
than that you are being 

on an important tour 
been generally welcomed 
by leading players in the borne 
countries. At the same time 
the players emphasize that 
they have no wish to be paid 
for playing the game — rather 

“It is a step in the right 
direction," Richard Hill, 
England's captain against Ja- 
pan last Saturday, said. He has 

that they should not be out-of- 

pocket fordoing so. 

However, there is a certain 
disappointment that ■ the 
board, whose meeting ended 
last Saturday, did not come to 
grips with related questions, 
such as fringe benefits avail- 
able to players away from the 
rugby field and the expense of 
attending squad preparations 
for domestic internationals. 

been on two' big tours with 
England (the Ids new tour 
allowance, relating to players 
whose pay is not made up by 
their employers, stipulates se- 
nior representative tours of at 
least three weeks' duration). 

“There is a pride factor in 
representing your country but 
you should not be asked to 
lose a month's wages. Playere 
are not out to make that much 
from the game. As long as they 
get their travelling expenses 
and they get their training kit, 
all the ones I have spoken to 
are reasonably happy. 

“Players talk but they are 
not really after money. I have 

Hundred grand 
rand tour 

greedy. I have had some fabu- 
lous times on tour but I have 
been lucky that my employers 
paid me while I was away.” 

Alan Tomes, the Scottish 
lock, who has been on nine 
important tours during an 
international career which be- 
gan in 1976. suggested that the 
amateur situation was still too 
vague, particularly in relation 
to the writing of books. Trav- 
elling expenses for players 
attending squad sessions 
should be in line with the 
national average, though 
Tomes expressed himself 
happy with the old daily tour 

“You malm the most of 
what you get,” he said. 

By Paul Martin 

Disclosures of the scale of 
payments for the 1986 New 
Zealand rugby team and ev- 
idence that the Springboks were 
okn paid, though Ear less lu- 
cratively, have emerged in far- 
ther investigations by The Tima 
into the Cavaliers' rebel tonr of 
the Republic. 

The New Zealanders 
allocated amonnts 

100,000 rands (about 
each — over and above the far 
cimniiw sains they assembled 
while actually on tour. The 
Tima has been told. At last the 
source of the funding has 
emerged: Volksltas. the largest 
Afrikaner frantring institution 
and owners of the financially 
troubled Ellis Park stadimn in 

Volksltas channelled amounts 
in excess of three million rands 
through a Far Eastern financial 
capital, according to sources 
dose to the company. “There 
was a stru c ture where the most 
senior players were given bigger 
amonnts than the youngsters — 
as is only natural in attracting 
stare for any sport,” one spokes- 
man, requesting anonymity, 

A company official said he 
was “convinced the fall story 
will one day emerge — hot the 
time is too sensitive now". Those 
involved, he said, were proud to 
have done South Africa and its 
rugby a service. 

At the time of the so-called 
MnMergate scandal Vofltskns 
allegedly channelled 13 million 
rands from the central govern- 
ment to launch the Citizen 
newspaper. Its publisher was 


Lotus Loyt, president of 
Transvaal Rugby Union, who 
organized the Cavaliers tour. 

Another company. Yellow 
Pages, who hold a government 
monopoly, had originally been 
considered the tear sponsors but 
a reliable source said Che com- 
pany had provided only financ- 
ing for internal transport and 

ww a mnilqtiiai expenses. far 

short of the 25 million rands 

The information on the 
Volkskas inrohemeat had heat 
known te a South African 
Sunday Tima report er for two 
months but be had been sworn to 
withhold it. Cblin Meads, the 
torn manager, broke his silence 
in The Tima last week, making 
it easier far the Volkskas story 
te emerge. 

Meads had confirmed to The 
Tima that there had been a 
separate fond in addition to the 
one on tour, arranged in advance 
a senior Ellis Park 
Another senior tour 
source, who requested anonym- 
ity, confirmed it Both fatervfen 
were recorded 

It is not clear what scheme of 
payment was arranged or 
whether the money went te third 
parties on their behalf. 

The Springbok players, The 
Tima has discovered, received 
5,000 rands each (in to 

a technicall y unawtfaoffaed daSy 
allowance) for the fom-mafeh 
series. According to a tom 
somce, a delegation had arrived 
fa Mr Luyfs office the day 
before the last “international*' 
demanding payment as “the 
New Zealanders woe a 


Colin Deans, Scotland's 
hooker and captain, pointed 
out that some players in the 
national squad lose wages 
when they join in domestic 
preparations and are obliged 
to make up time owed to their 
employers. “There is one 
player who had to work 12 
extra days this year, allowing 
for five internationals last 
season and the game against 
Japan. No players should be 
out of pocket for representing 
his country, on home inter- 
national duty or on a mayor 
tour. They are filling the 
stadiums pretty full and inter- 
national rugby nowadays is a 

Jonathan Davies, the Welsh 
stand-off halt emphasized 
that players should not be paid 
in case die game became more 
violent* “In a dose game one 
player might be tempted to 
trip another who was about to 
score a fry if he could see his 
win bonus going. 1 agree with 
the touring side of whal the IB 
has done but 1 would have 
liked to see something about 
the fringe benefits ^ if a player 
can make money from appear- 
ing on television, or writing a 
book, then good luck to him.” 
he said. “It is not damaging 

the game in any way. You are 
getting money for whal you 
have achieved, even if you 
have to put h info a trust fund. 
Some people say, 'What about 
the lower dubs? Well, I am 
sure they don't train as hard as 
we do. I've played for my little 
local side, for the youth side, 
and I've worked very hard to 
get where I am now. 

Lessons Men on the sidelines 


by Japan 

are not forgotten 

By David Hands 

Japan Is playing party left for 
home at the weekend after 
completing their eight-match 
tour of Scotland and England 
(David Hands writes). Their 
next big encounter will be 
against the United Stotts in 
Brisbane on May 24 in next 
year’s World Cup - six days 
bier they will play E n gland in 

It has not been an encourag- 
ing tour for them and though 
they will hope to do well in the 
Asian tournament in Novem- 
ber. Shiggv Konno. their man- 
ager, admitted that the quality 
of opposition may not be every- 
thing they require. “We have to 
give priority to our domestic 
game then,” he said. 

“Wc have to learn to make the 
second and third phase and still 
keep the balL Then we can use 
more attacking ploys. I don’t 
think that is an impossible task. 
If our players went in lower we 
would be able to control the ball 
better. If we go in high your 
forwards are able .to smother 

Japan face the old dilemma. 
Is it better lo win or to entertain? 

In eight matches here they 
scored 145 points, including 23 

145 points, including 
tries - not Ear short of three tries 
and 20 points a match, which 
bears comparison with the 1984 
Australians, who scored 400 
points in 1 8 matches, including 
51 tries. 

The difference is that Japan 
conceded 253 points, including 
39 tries, and proved particularly 
vulnerable when vying to de- 
fend space. The tackling of their 
wings and full back was not 
good and their cover, impeded 
by basic physique, was not able 

to get across quickly enough to 
defend in depth. At closer 
quarters their tackling was ex- 
cellent. but again physique told 
against them in the mauls: io the 
loose they were entirely depen- 
dent upon instantaneous switch 
play, which was not always 
enough to beat the better or- 
ganized opposition. 

Had Matsuo, their stand-off 
half, kicked more goals they 
might have been more en- 
couraged. or opponents been 

more disconcerted. It might 

■ have token some of the pressure 
away from him had Kutsuki. the 
talented centre, been given more 
opportunities to kick at goal as 
he did well in the game against 

Hayashi's timing at the 
lineout was worthy of admira- 
tion as was the spew of the ball 
through the hands of the back 
division. The scrummaging of 
their first-choice pack was 
watertight, though it could not 
be sustained in all the midweek 

England, and other oppo- 
nents. found them difficult at 
times to tackle and to maul 
against because they adopted, to 
European eyes, unusual body 
positions. Not the least of then- 
virtues is that, at all tinus. they 
demand the conoentraDon oj 
their opponents. No-one will 
take ihem lightly in in Australia 
next year. 

Richard Harding and Gra- 
ham Dawe. both of whom sal on 
the replacements’ bench during 
Saturday’s game against Japan 
at Twickenham, will join the 
England squad in their four-day 
training camp in Portugal at the 
end of this month. 

Handing. Bristol's 33-year-old 
scrum half and Dawe, aged 27, 
Bath's Cornish hooker, are the 
only additions to the original 
World Cup squad of 40 which 
was chosen in June. They 
replace, respectively, Nigel Mel- 
ville, the retired HeadiagJey 
scrum half, and Andy Simpson, 
of Sale, whose teaching duties 
do not allow him to go to 

In tact, 38 players will make 
the trip, because Huw Davies, 
the Wasps foil back, does not yet 
know when be will be allowed to 
play again after bis shoulder 
operation and Maurice 
Colciough. Swansea's experi- 
enced lode, has been prevented 
by bis business from completing 
the fitness work required by the 

However, the selectors have 
kept faith with such players as 
Wade Dooley and David 
Egenon. who have been regular 
in their attendance at squad 
training even though they are 
still recovering from knee and 
bade injuries respectively. After 
the p ro gre ss he made within 15 
months of international rugby, 
Dooley’s application and phy- 
sique wiU not easily be forgot- 
ten; Bath have hopes that 
Egerton may play in one of their 
lower sides this weekend, 
though the form of their current 
back raw will make it difficult 
for him to fight his way back 
into the senior side. 

The intention is to take the 
squad to a site in the Algarve 
and work the players hard in 
conditions reasonably similar to 
those expected in Australia next 
year. Ironically, for the last 
month sun and hard grounds 
have been the order of the day in 
this country so it must be hoped 

that Portugal does not suffer 
from a deluge when England are 

The party will leave on Octo- 
ber 30 (which will put some 
pressure on those squad players 
involved in county champion- 
ship games the previous eve- 
ning) and return on November 
2. having played a practice game 
against a Portuguese XV on 
November I. The full Portugal 
XV. incidentally, open their 
FIRA fixtures against Romania 
this weekend. 

. There bad been some dis- 
cussion about taking an en- 
larged squad — there are, for 
instance, only three lodes and 
two full backs (one of whom, 
Peter Williams, has been play- 
ing in Australia all summer and 
only returns home on Thurs- 
day). But the squad will have to 
be reduced at some stage, prob- 
ably in early January when the 
side for the first international 
championship match is consid- 
ered, so it was decided not to 
take additional players. Another 
15 players are on stand-by 

Wales and France have agreed 
that they may select up to four 
capped players when they meet 
in a B international at Ponty- 
pridd on October 25. It is the 
first time that Wales have 
considered senior internationals 
at this level since 1970, when the 
B series against France began. 
BIGLAM) SQUAD; FuM teeter W M H 
Rom (Hartmans). P N Warns (Oral). 
Wings: M D Baflay (Wasps). B J Cum 
(Lmasr). J M Goodwin (Mosatey). M E 
Harmon (WakSMcn. ft (Mm 
(Lscosan. Camraa JCartMon KM 


>«WQ, P W Dodge {lacastari 

f (Batti) J A Mm (Both). J L 

(Hariequns). K Q Skim 

Safenon (Hariequms), ! 
laspsj. Stand-oil holm: C R AMfca* 
'asps). S BantcsJBatlt), S II 
■OitRicfmiond). Scrum hal ves: _ M 

(Bnstoq.ll jKteBKrn ftoprOJCMooS 
M It Lee (Bfflh), O S feme 
.4 A riraeyn (Wasps). P a 6 


9L Wookors: 5 E 
G ft fawn (Badd, B C Mown 
i) Locks: S B a iolwflfle 
A Goosey (Boston Grao- 

jNC Rodman (Batm Bankers P 

W Gate (NQisngnaTrt, J P HafaBam) G W 
Rm (Noamgram), P D Stetpaoo (Bam), P 

<l wmcrmuoip (HeafavjKjy). no as d 

Egerton (Boot). O 


Abbot Boyne 25 . Kmg Eowartrs Sonora 
Ampfetonfi — - - 

R Ampfetortn 39. Newcastle GS 0; 
Aylesbury 21. Lora Wftamss Thame 7: 
Bamako 6, NewcastMNinoor-Lyme & 
Bancroft'; 7, Qonop's Smntwa 0: Bsr- 
nm C«fle 17. Sr nror-s vo* ifc 
Bearwood a Reed's IS-. Badttra Modem 
10. Sandora 22 Benmamstea ia 
CtoM^wv 1ft Blunders 15. ShvDame 
ift Bmm s y&M 5. 

23. Jorm 

Haaows 37; Catomem : 

Cnicnasnr hS 13. Ryde 14; Cnurews 
17, Sr Bamaomwirs 19; Osruwgn 9. 
CnrtsfS Hosprar O. Cttfferd 7. ipswcft l& 
Ocwmsoe 8. CMton ft Oukfi ot Yam's 
PMS 3. Samoans 13: Dtducli 29. 
Kap o m a aftW asm's id. Eonwgn 
Academy b. Mo rarw a on Castle ifc Bos- 
iWfi 23. Adams. Newport « Emanuel 15. 
OustamiST & Sooxj a: Epwi B. East- 
bourne 7; F i arrumg na m 23. St Joseph s 
0: Gagomocx i5. astmIiq 12 


Cum ift 

tt*on , 

I 46. POStBTS 

0. MonmOuOt 16. Rymoum 7; Nonngnam 
HS 22. Trent 20: CfaM 11. 

Bedford 7; 
Portsmouth GS 19. Lora Wanoswcrtn 23: 
few Par* 32. Monuon Gomoa 0; OE 
Hospital Bristol 7. Cnnsfs Brecon 41; 
Queen Mery 's Wttsal 29. Women* RGS 

10. Queen s Taunmn 22. King s (Mon ft 
20, Ricnara Kata 

GS 7. Hampton: 

GS 27. Rossal 3, Sonyfost 
' - T;RuS«i3, 

.. OU RycpJMns 0; 

_ 2& S> Baas 10. Dunam 10. Si 

..'a Haroenden A, St EonwxJ's 

wana 3& B Georna's WaytmOga 9. kcS 
Vwnaudon 13: St Jana's La a BMu a fl 17. 
Guftttra RGS 12. Si John's Soumsao 38. 
Emouy Park ft St Lawrence Ramsgate 

22. Bethany lO: St Marys Sticuo 12, 
Dartiora GS 7: 

. St Oe*« g 0. Gravesend 

14; St Pairs 23. wmtgdi 18. Swum 10. 

I. Dasoonoutf) 22; Hanw 
30. Marcnam Tay«n‘ Nonnwooa 2«: 

SngmopCQlA Sneooear 0. Exeter l5: Sir 
Wtoam E 

18. Homester 

Coventry 42. King EcNrards 
King's Grantham 4, RsdUU 2 
Rochester 10, Do-er 12; K^g's 


Harney GS A Norton KnannouQ 0: 
Huperhone GS 23. St McnaoTs'Leeds 
TO. Hymars 20. Woresop 12 Kent Colage 
Mams 3: King Henry vlH 
Edwards Aston ft 
2ft Kmgs 

J'5 faumon 

33. Cantors ft KUo's worpasur a. 
Cnetemum 12 KMgwpoa 0. Kra 
Edward's Bath & Lancaster RGS i£ 
SeOMRVi 3: Leads GS 21. Mount SI 
Marys ft Uanaowv 24. Mima 2ft 

Bonsse 9. hwi Wyctmoe RGS 
34. Soumi« 3. w»wrf S “ 

■ ft Suaon valence 

20 5>RogerManwoars4;Tor«naga20. 
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Croydon 23, Si Dunsmn's 
0: Wdbigun Butts 23. Si Edward's 14; 
Wftlnqron Somerset 18. Daumsey's 3: 
VMs Cathedral 3ft King's Wessex 0; 
Wear Park Sr Helen s 10. QE GS 
Wanefek] 40: Worm 54. Hw au m p eW ft 
WymoncliamO RHS Ho*yoo*> 20. Birken- 
head 14. Amou &. Eton op, Reading 12 
Liverpool 8. Wnekm 27; The Leys 2 £ Mil 
HU ft Unpn ya m 7. HarieyOury 4; 


Vroodnouw Grove l& Pocungton ' 


1 1 Llwnai ' iv isiam “to^anC 


Stars and Stripes prepares for her classic America's Cop duel with America H in heavy seas off Fremantle yesterday 


w indies Botham rises from the ashes 

as a fiery strike bowler 

first for 

From Richard Streeton 

England play West Indies in 
Hyderabad, Pakistan, on Octo- 
ber 9 next year in their opening 
World Cup match. England's 
programme in Group B contin- 
ues at two other former Paid- 
stoni Test grounds. They meet 
Sri Lanka on October 12 in 
Peshawar and three days bier 
comes a match a^inst Pakistan 
in Rawalpindi. 

The 50-over competition's 
fixtures have now been con- 
firmed for Indian television's 
guiAmne. Changes of venue are 
not expected unless any prob- 
lems arise with scheduled 
ground' improvements or local 
political disturbances. 

England next have to cross 
into India for their first two 
return games, though by air the 
journeys involved are merci- 
fully short. They pby Sri Lanka 
at Pune on October 19, on the 
ground where crowd^ trouble 
marred England* s visit two 
years ago. Then England move 
on to the famous pink city of 
Jaipur to meet West Indies, on 
October 23. 

After this England return to 
Pakistan for their final group 
match against Pakistan, era 
October 27, in Karachi, which 
has an unhappy record of crowd 

Pakistan hosts nine group 
matches .and India 1 5. Each 
country stages a semi-final on 
November I. in Lahore and 
Bombay, and India the final on 
November 7 in Calcutta. 

Far greater distances have to 
be covered in Group A. which is 
formed by India, the holders, 
Australia, New Zealand and 
Zimbabwe. Australia, for in- 
stance, stort with two games in 
Madras, scene of the recent tied 
Test- Then they go north for 
matches in Indore, Delhi and 
Chandigarh, before journeying 
eastwards to Cuttack. 

Details about playing con- 
ditions will not be finalized until 
the ICC meet in Delhi on 
November 3 and 4. 

World Cup programme 

GROUP A: October ft New Zealand v 
Zimbabwe (Hyderabad. Infia); mefta v 
Augrafta (Madras). October 12: Inda v 
New Zealand (Bengaiorat: Austrata v 
Zfcnbotowe (Madras) October 1& India v 
Zi mbab w e (Bontwy). Austrata v New 
Zealand nnaors). October ift New Zea- 
land v Zimbabwe (Calcutta], India v 
Austrata (Deed). October 23: Inda v 
Zimbabwe (Atawlabad): Austrata * New 
Zealand (Crtandrgam) October 27: Mcke * 
Now Zealand (Nagpur; Austrata v Zkn- 
babwe (Cunad^. 

GROUP B: October ft En &ma v West 
ies (Hyderabad, Ataant Pakistan v 
Lanka (Quetta) October 12: Panstan r 

Ian Botham, written off as 
new-baO bowler by some critics, 
is determined to lead England’s 
attack in Australia this winter. 
Thai is the onlv conclusion to 
draw from a p er forma nce in the 
nets at Brisbane yesterday which 
showed why he is the world's 
leading Test wicket-taker. 

Botham, handed a new ball, 
bowled with pox purpose 
under a hot sun for 60 minutes 
and produced deliveries which 
swung so much that at times 
Will Slack and Chns Broad, the 
openers, found him unplayable. 

Some people believed the 30- 
year-old all-rounder bad lost 
that particular art. cm rig his 
efforts in the West Indies last 
winter which produced only 1 1 
Test wickets at 48.63 nnts 
apiece. Bui Botham's contribu- 
tion to England's highly impres- 
sive second practice earned 
praise from the assistant man- 
ager. Micky Stewart. 

“If ‘Both’ bowls throughout 
the tour as he did today then 
everyone will be delighted.” be 
said. “We set him a target of 
bowling non-stop for an hour. 

which is equivalent to a session 
of play. He accepted the chal- 
lenge, swung the ball and 
worked hard at it.” 

When Botham returned to 
Test cricket against New Zea- 
land at the Oval in August after 
his nine-week ban for a drug- 
taking confession, he found 
himself cast as a change bowler. 
But Stewart said yesterday:” 
‘Both* is at his best when he 
swings the half and to do that he 
needs a new ball. Historically, 
he has got his wickets as a strike 

Neil Foster improved steadily 
after a wayward start. 

When the players returned for 
a second session Gladstone 
Small rose to the challenge and 
bowled Boibam with one 
spffliKiittr delivery which cut 
back considerably. E nglan d 
have four more days to prepare 
for their first game, which is 
against a Queensland Country 
XI at Bundaberg. starting on 

Bill Athey is not prepared 

Stewart emphasized .the im- 
portance of keeping a shine on 
the boll to encourage move- 
ment, backing up his advice 
with the memorable quote: 
“You must treat a oew cricket 
ball like a young bride.” 

With Botham setting a per fe ct 
example, the other fast bowlers 
were quick to respond. Graham 
Dilley looked sharp and menac- 
ing. Phillip DeFrenas again 
demonstrated his happy knack 
of extracting extra bounce and 

to let a painful injury jeopardize 
his England chances. The 29- 
year-old Gloucestershire bats- 
man was so concerned about an 
ache in tus right shoulder that he 
had an exploratory operation 
days before leaving home — and 
as soon as he reached Brisbane 
he had the stitches removed. 

The opera ion revealed that a 
tendon is shredding against the 
bone. The injury does not 
inhibit his batting or occasional 
medium-pace bowling and be is 
ready to grin and bear the pain 
while answering England’s cause 
in the field. 

Spinners’ turn in final Test 

From Richard Streeton 


W«st Indies (Karaern). Sn Lanka » England 
(PUhawarL October - 


1& West inctas * Sri 
v P&astar 
Paiostanv Wost 

IrvJes^fLaSral: England v Sri LanKa. 
October 2ft Parisian v Sri 



27: Palersran v | 

West Hides vSn Lanka i ^ 
SEM-RNALSt Hw M ta r 1: faoup A 
tanners v Gouo B runneis-up (Bombay). 
Group B tanners v Group A runners-up 


A Test series is at stake for 
India and Australia when the 
third and final match sums here 
tomorrow on a pitch that is not 
expected to last the distance. 
After the tied match at Madras, 
it was a terrible anti-climax 
when the weather ruined the 
second Test in Delhi. Now the 
stage is set for a game, which 
seems bound to be loaded with 

Polly Urarigar, the last of 
whose 59 Tests took place 25 
years ago, was y ester day 
supervising the pitch s prepara- 
tion in the circular Wankbede 
stadium, whose concrete stands 
rise steeply to the sky. Fora man 
who made 12 centuries for India 
be was remarkably un- 
sympathetic to his modern day 

“Z am hoping this wicket will 
crumble towards the end of the 
match.” hr said. “That is what 
we would like. We believe a 
result would be good for cricket 
and good for everyone.” The 
Indian selectors, confident that 
they hold the higher trumps in 
spinners, studied the known 
coloured pitch intently as the 
Indians practised. 

Sivaramakrishnan, the tiny 
wrist-spinner, who destroyed 
England two years ago in the last 
Test match played on this 
ground, is among the Indian 
squad assembled. However, be 
tends to be costly and will 
probably not be risked. India 
seem more likely to rely once 
again on the two left-arm spin- 
ners, Maninder Singh and Shas- 
tri, together with Yadav, the off- 

Australia will look to Max- 
thews, the off-break bowler who 
took five wickets in each innings 
at Madras, to take advantage of 
any turn available late in the 
match and Bright, the left-arm 
spinner, is also expected to play. 

Zoehrer is expected to retain 
the wicketkeeper's role despite 
Dyer's maiden century at 

There is no question that 
India on present form, and in 
their own country, look the 
stronger of the two teams. 
Australia, inevitably, are a little 
jaded after a hard tour in 
unfamiliar conditions. They are 
also conscious that their recent 
record in the home straight on 
tour is poor. 

England won the last Test at 
the Oval in 1985 by an innings; 
New Zealand won at Auckland 
seven months later by eight 
wickets. The Australians, how- 
ever, are so desperately anxious 
to return home to play England 

with a winning series behind 
them, that sheer determination 
might carry them through. 

The tourists remain 'puzzled 
by the decision to select two new 
umpires for the match, Messrs 
D Ghosh (Calcutta) and R B 
Gupta (Delhi). 18 different um- 
pires will have stood in the three 
Tests and six one-day inter- 
nationals on this tour. The 
touring team doubt if the 18 
leading umpires in India are of 
equal merit and fed that only 
the recognized best should stand 
in Test matches. They suspect 
some of the officials have been 
tried (Hit for the Work) Cup 

TEAMS: IndMIframl Kapl Dav (captain). S 
r. K Srtuunth. M Amwnatn, M 

M Gavaskar, _ 

Azfiamodn. R j Snasm. C S Pancw. K S 
More. C Sha rma. N S Yaoav. UanfnMr 
Singh, D B Vengsar-kar, L 
Srvaramafcnsftnan. An rtnmk A R Border 

(capt a in^ _C Boon. G R Mam D M 

i Ritehte, G R J Matthews. S R 
Waugh. R J Bright T J Zoehrer. C J 
McDermott. 8 A Reid. G C Dyer, D R 

Often. Umpires: 0 Ghosh and RB Gupta. 

Bowlers lift W Indies 

Quetta (Reuter) — West In- 
dies, boosted by halfcenturies 
from the spin bowlers Harper 
and Butts, and a telling new ball 
speU by Gray, surged towards an 
innings victory in their opening 
cricket lour match yesterday. 

Harper, top scorer with 77, 
and Butts, who hit an unbeaten 
57, helped to lift West Indies' 
fust innings total to 329 all out 
— 198 ahead of the Baluchistan 
Governor's XI 
Harper then snapped up two 
wickets to press home the 
touring team’s advantage after 

an inspired burst by Gray 
Gray, on his first tour, dis- 
missed the first four batsmen 
before Ejaz Faqi checked the 

The day started promisingly 
for Baluchistan when their off 
spinner S^jid Akbar bowled the 
West Indian captain Richards 
with the first ball of the morning 
for 47, making the score 140 for 
six. But Harper and Butts swung 
the gam e West Indies’ way. 

'' » *31 

329 (R A Harpor 77. C 
not cxjO. 

World's leading rider in quest for cycling’s Holy Grail 

Kelly yearns for Tour glory 

Today ia Paris Seas Kelly 
will be taking more than a rattaal 
interest in the presentatioa of 
the route of the 1987 Tour de 
France. The 30- year-aid Irish- 
man has just dte e b ed for the 
third successive year the ac- 
colade as the world's No. 1 
racing cycKst, as die winner of 
the Super Prestige Pernod tro- 
phy, bsf he has yet te win the the 
premier French event. 

Asked recently about his 
remaining a m biti on s in pro- 
fessional cycling, the normally 
tongue-tied Kelly Immediately 
replied: “The To«r de France 
and the World Chgmpiosghfp 
are the two crests I wan f te add 
te my list of victories. I would 
trade either of those for another 
Super Prestige tide.** 

Exactly three years ago such 
grandiose ideas would have been 
oat of character for this modest 
mao who shuns material pos- 
sessions - he doesn't even own a 
boose ia Ireland, preferring to 
stay with fa-laws when he goes 
borne te County Waterford. 

Yes, three years ago. Kelly 
had yet to win ooe of Europe's 
great classics. The first turning 
point fa hi$ long career came in 
March 1982, when he snatched 
victory with a stunning time trial 
performance on the final day of 
the Paris-Nice races he won this 
seven-day event for .the fifth time 
fa succession this year. Bat All of 
the marathon, one-day classics 
had eluded him. .His team 
manager and early mentor. Jean 

Ke lly has this year added two 
farther classics to his growing 
palmares, Mifan-San Remo in 
March and toe Grand Prix des 
Nations fa September. But a 
crash on the final day of toe 
Tour of Sw i t ze rl a nd in June 
sidelined him for this year's 

Too- de France, the race in 
which be has finished as high as 
fourth but few people rhmy be 
can win. “I was very upset to 
miss toe Tear this year,” Kelly 
staled. “I was terrible te live 
with for a few days, jnst ask my 
wife, bat I reasoned that I woted 

ba3d up plenty of reserves far 
the end of Che season”. 

Kelly- eager for success. 

de Gribaldy, a former modest 
professional cyclist from East- 
ern France, explained: “Sean 
lacks confidence in himsett.” 

The breakthroogb /w fa toe 
tear of Lombardy, toe season’s 
final, classic in mid-October, 
1983. A small group rtf riders 
was ahead to contest toe finish 
in the lakeside town of Como. 

Foot men crossed toe finish 
line within six inches of each 
other, but toe photofinish ram. 
era clearly showed Kelly first by 
a tyre’s width from the Ameri- 
can. Greg LeMond. 

The rider from Carrick-oo- 
Soir has progressed from that 
first classic victory to win all of 
the other major one day races, 
except one — the Tour of 

His logic has proved correct. 
Although LeMont) won the Tow 
de France to cake over toe 
number ooe position in the 
Super Prestige competition and 
added to his lead with a second 
place .fa toe Coors Classic fa 
America. Kelly made a remark- 
able fightoaefc fa September. He 
turned toe tables on LeMond by 
winning the Tour of Catalonia 
stage race fa Spam, finishing 
second fa the Paris-Brussets 
classic and winning toe Nations 
time trial fa Franoe. A sixth 
place fa the CreteO-ChavUie 
classic two days ago put the 
Pernod Trophy in Kelly's bag 
far a third time — but he stiff 
doesn't havea mandepiece back 
home on which to place it. 

John Wilcockson 

England field 
top squad 

England wiU field three play- 
era who are ranked in the top 10 
of the senior squad for the 
uoder-23 badminton match 
against West Germany at 

irimsby on November 13 . 
Anders Nielsen. Miles John- 
son and Mathew Smith will be 
joined by Chris Dobson, who 
played in the national squad at 
toe world championships in 

Jakarta. ^ 

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tans), fcf Jonns o n 
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Patter. (Hants). 




row* 1. p Nepomueano 
Vaimb (japan). >878.3. M 

1S96; _. 



out classic 

FVorn Ban? PkkttaE 

in « etatet race. ' 
John Kota* the . 
sailor from 
Texas who « 
__ Uw New Yoric 

Yacht Club's chsltcnse to main 
ihc America's Cbft flumu fas 
most notable victory yesterday, 
delivering Amcnctorival Dei- 
ms Conner a first defeat ia Utix 
intiai round or the America's 
Cup trials. 

while Crusader notched up 
her sixth win m the senes, fob . 
time scoring on easy vintey 
over Heart of America, and 


:a ? 


holding her fourth overai) po- 
sition. The results leave toe New 

Zealanders, who scored a a easy, 
wm over Azzurra, as the only 
undefeated crew in tor ter**. . 
adding pressure on Conner aacE 

his crew aboard Stars and 
Stripes to level toe score when . 
they meet on Thursday. 

In t hc American c ncou mac . 
America » edged her bows 
ahead from catty cm, forcing. 
Stars and Stripes to tack nag. 
When they came together agun. 
Conner had right of way , had 
Koiius chose toe safe leeward 
berth, once more leaving toe 
San Diego crew no option out fa 
strike out again towards ton. 
side of toe < 

.‘•j 1 

right hand sit 


This time however, they afa 
' t sufc ofi 

struck out on the right : 
wind shift, and when the no 
boats crossed once more, ». 
minutes into the rare. Conner 
was in control with a three bote- ' 
length lead that he held lo fae 
weather mark. Running down- 
wind, Kohus and hts crew 
hauled back 16 seconds at tots 
initial spinnaker leg. 

The roaster match-racer; Wai 
back in control on the next; 
windward teg. however, ptacmg 
a perfect cover on his yoong 
pretender and pulling out a 25 
second advantage at toe weather 
mark. America II again showed 
superior speed on the next 
spinnaker reach, pulling bock 1 1 
seconds bv toe gybe mark, bat 
then failed to make any farther 
impression on the second 2*<nilc 
leg back to the leeward buoy. - 

Conner surged ahead dteriqg 
the third beau to round toe 
weather marie again with a 
three-boat advantage. By now. 
the wind had halved in strength 
and as the two set off trader 
spinnaker on the final run. 
Kohus and his tactician ex- 
ploited the situation by enreeng 
their rival in a fierce gybini 
duel Conner covered as- best be 
could, but with the wind shifting 

... *- j 

- r 

through as must as 40 degrees, 

the young New Yorkers 
broke through, swinging their 
bows within jumping distance of 

L.Wfa.- 1 

Conner's transom to take the 
inside berth at the mark. 

Less than a boat length was till 
that divided the two boats « 
they rounded, the final buoy 
with winches screaming. 
Conner's tactician Tom 
Whidden decided to take a long 
port hand tack out into the 
middle of the course, hoping 
that Stars and Stripes might 
force America II to tack away. 
The ploy worked, but then toe 
San Diego crew failed to cover 
their rivaL and when lbs two 
boats came together again later, 
Kolius had already cashed fa his. 
chips on the favoured right tend 
side of the course and wenioa to 
finish 33 seconds ahead. 

i * - 


In the other races of toe day, 
Canada II beat Courageous far 
the surprisingly small maigin of 
3 minutes 53 seconds. TheNew 
Zealanders routed the hapless 
Italians aboard Azzurra, while 
Italia was gaining the better of 
Challenge France, and Tom 
Blackaller's twin-ruddered USA 
gained an easy victory over 

‘ ' £ 


Hrat 1: Amanca II US*6 (US). 3hr 38nn 
2U*8c W Stars ana Stripes US55 (DSJi 
3.38:53. Winning margin: 33ett. 

Itatt £ Whte Crusattar K24 JGB), &3&31 - 
M Heart Ot Amenca US51 (US).KV52 
Winning margat: 321. 

Hmt i Canada B KC2 (Can). 3,4*47 bt 
CoivagaousUS26(USj 3.47^40. WnniBB 
■" 353. 


Hew « dabs (7 m. 331-39 tit Om ta n te 

U' Vi 



HM* 5s New Zealand KZ7 ( 

Aroma t10 (It) 339:18. ' 


K«t USA US81 (USL 3.39ft 4. tt Eag» . 


(US). 3.3 



New Zealand IV 


Stars 8 stnpes 

America II 

Whaa Crusader 

French Kbs 
I talia 

Cjwmta H 


Heart of America 


Oiatange Ffance 

Courageous IV 





4 - 
4 . 
4 ‘ 






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crusader v New ZoOrd W 

w^Ama gcs; Courageous IV » Stars t 
Zsa 01 *** * Otetem* France: ■ 
“9w v itata 

• As Frenchman Guy. Her-...-. 
nardin became toe third fimtoef . . ' v>T 
at Cape Town at toe end of to* : ?,>■ V'^7 

ft— . ■*<, *• — 

first stage of the BOC Stogie- 
handed round toe worid nee 
yesterday, reports reached race ; 
control ihat Quaiio, Mac . 
Smith’s 44ft American entry 
had been roiled over twice, fa 
bp knot winds. Smith suffered 
Egging and sail damage, but was ' ■* 
not in need of immediate aid.' \ 


Continued from rate 39 



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Last eve pert 


r* >■» 







i nh ’i iMti> i UfctoDA * OC i Or>cjt<. 14 i *oo 

Today’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

h0 *« n es. weather, travel 

650 w«h Frank 

^®Sdo5S? WaBof 

greenwood and Guy 

JfJjJSi?* national and 




Brayne describe the 
events as the Queen visits 


9J0 Ceefax. 1040 Ptay School 
orasantad t* 


6.15 Good Homing Britain 
P™sent»d by Anng 
Diamond and Richard 
Keys, includes Leonard 
Parkin and Geoff Meade 


C^penter, includes news 
J^ltoes with subtitles. 
1.25 Regional news. The 
2«E details come from 
A See-Saw programme for 
ttte very young, narrated 


hy Roy Kfnnear wig, shefe 

Walker, (i) 145 Ceetax. 

» Regional news. 

555 ftS»«a«»J0tSrt.<i) 

W 4.1S Beat the Teacher. 
Paul Jones wflh another 
round of the pupils versus 
teachers general 

5"— news wnn uoroon 


sport at 6.40 and 
cartoon at 745; pop music 
and Jert Barnett's 
postag at 835. The After 
Nine guests include 
tastoon consultant, Merrffl 


‘ n “ n 'es nevw headHnes. 
MO njrSrtMtePtS^ 

5.55 Sw talk about 
F>*ust»oe 1049 Sign ' 
language and songs 1046. 
How parliament works 
•0-48 Geography: coastal 
dunes 11.10 Music that is 
prevalent in everyday life 
1147 Feeding 11.44 Part 

wreert the drama. The 
Night Swimmers. 

1240 Tickle on the Turn. ViBage 
tales for the young 1240 
Rainbow. Learning with 
puppets. 1240 The 

Jv- - 

th» Cretoees (MCI, &0Opn) 

• Tonight sees the return of 
the enormously pooular sit-com. 
(BBC1, 8pm), with WiKiem Gaunt 
and Patrida Harwood as the 
Crabtrees, but viewers in search 
of more elegant humour wifi 
prefer to plump tor the repeat 
series of YES. PRiflflE 
MINISTER (BBC1 , 840). The 
Ineffectual Jim Hacker (Paul 
Eddington) makes as unlikely a 
PM as - wefl, as some of 
today's leading politicians - but 
the question is not whether 
Hacker can govern the country, 
rather whether he can stop 
Sir Humphry (Nigel Hawthorne) 

, governing nm. 

*; • ®y now. viewers Ot FIRST 


lii i should be hooked on the 
rr political saga from Jeffrey 
■ Archer's bestseller. A straw 
r- poH among friends and 
cofieagues. however 
i) suggests that whle many are 


appreciative, few are actually 
addicted. and l suspect Mr 
Archer erred in making all 
four of his egocentric MPs male, 
thereby reducing the entire 
Jemals cast to passive, neglected 
wives. Never mind: the men, 
on the whole, are decorative, the 
period detail meticulous and 
the corridors of power 
authentically seductive. 

GISH (BBC2. 9pm) is being 
shown tonight although it was 
made two years ago. to mark 
the veteran actress's 90th 
birthday. It's one of those 
over-the- top Hollywood 
occasions in which current 
stars are trotted out to read 
tributes from an autocue. But 
Gish devotees may feel that it's 
worth wading through the 


M0 Playhouse The Pra ttfi ng 
Prtficess, by Francesca 

Zelssl. A spell is cast on a 

* m Mg a prty daughter, (r) 

540 John Craven's 

Newsround 545 Grange 
HBL Episode tftreeanci 
there fe a fire at the Upper 

640 News with Nicholas 
Witched and Frances 
Covendale. Weather. 

645 The Queen in China. Sue 
Lawley and Mark Brayne 
describe the occasion 
today when the Queen 
became the first British 
monarch to set toot on the 
Great Wall of China. 

740 Telly Addfcts. Last week’s 
winners, the Cleavers of 
Birmingham, are 
challenged by Woodruffs 
from Camden Town in 
London. Noel Edmonds is 
the presenter. 

7 40 EastEnders. Den pays Dr 
Legg a visit; while his wife, 
Angie, has a mysterious 
assgnatton; heartbroken 
Lofty is giving cause for 
concern; and Ian and 
Harry have a major 
difference of opinion. 

840 No Place Like Home. A 
new series of the domestic 
comedy begins with Arthur 
finding a new way of 
avoiding family upheavals 
- locking himself m the 
greenhouse with a large 
bottle of sherry. Starring 
William Gaunt and Patrice 
Garwood. (Ceefax) 

840 Yes, Prime Minister. Sir 
Humphrey and Bernard 
steer the new Prime 
Minister through the tricky 
earty days of hs tenure.. 
Starring Paul Eddington, 
Nigel Hawthorne and 
Derek FowkJs. (r) (Ceefax) 

940 A Party Pofitical 

Broadcast on behalf of the 
Labour Party-. 

945 News with John Hurrqjhrys 
and Andrew Harvey. 
Regional news and 

940 Big DeaL Robby Box Is 
persuaded to launder 
£5,000 of forged notes by 

using them for gambling at 

Man vale’s dub. (Ceefax) 

L " • 

reviews Shanghai 

B i'-.- 

Surprise and Nightmare in 


Bm Street Part 2 - 

■#. * • !• • 

Freddy's Revenge; and 
Gloria Steinem interviews 

Robert Radford. 

/•' — : * " 

k > 0 e A ' 

11.00 The Money Makers. A 

profile of Akio Morita, 



11 JO Rhode. The liberated New 
Yorker sets out to prove 
that women can have a 
great time without the 
company of men. (r) 

1145 Weather. 

140 News at One 140 Thames 

1J0 SoperbowL The Liverpool 
Victoria Insurance 
Superbowl, introduced by 
Star Weisby from 
Granada's Stage One 

- — Arena, Manchester. 

2-30 Daytime. Sarah Kennedy 
chairs a studio discussion 
on Conservation: do zoos 
have a role to play in 
safeguarding species for 
future generations? With 
Lee and Gerald DurreO and 
the director of the London 
Zoo, David Jones. 

340 HeMoom. Arms and 

Armour of the subjects of 
this week's edition of the 
antiques series 345 
Thames news headlines. 
3 l 30 The Young Doctors. 

440 The Giddy Game Show 
with Bernard Bresstaw, 
Redvers Kyle, and Richard 
Vernon 4.10 Trap Door. 
Animated adventures set 
in a spooky castle 440 
CAB. Drama serial by 
Denise Coffey 445 Splash 
examines mixed rugby. 

5.15 In the Land of the 

Emperors. Leonard Parkin . 
presents highlights of the 
Queen's visits to the Great 
Wall of China and the Ming 
Tombs; and a children's 
display ot arts, crafts and 

5.45 News 640 Thames news. 

645 Reporting London 

examines the educational 
chaos in the London 
Borough of Brent; health 
minister Tony Newton 
defends the closure of 
cancer wards in North 
London; and there is an 
up-date to the story about 

Iranian arms dealing in 

740 EmmentalB Farm. Phil 
Pearce has dinner at 

7 JO George aid Rffdred. 

Mildred discovers that ' 
George's fife is under* 
insured and ups the 
premium, (r) 

840 Des O’Connor Tonight 
Live. The first Of a new 
series. The entertainer's 
guests are Jacquefine 
Bissett. Kitty Kelly, Ray 
Brooks, Marti Webb, and 
via sateUrtB from the 
United States, Tom Jones; 
and from Vienna, the new 
Janes Bond. Timothy 

940 First Among Equals. Part 
three of the drama serial 
based on the novel by - 
Jeffrey Archer and 
Raymond seeks advice 
over the blackmail tetter he 
received from a prostitute. 

1040 A Party Pofitical 

Broadcast on behalf of the 
Labour Party. 

1045 News and weather 

followed by Thames news 

1QJ5 SuperbowL The Liverpool 
Victoria Insurance 

1225 Night Thoughts- 

9-00 Gharhar includes an item 
on the Importance of toys 
in a child's development 
945 Caofox. 

9-35 Daytime on Two: training 
for a job in Austria 945 
Natural textures and 
patterns 10.15 The story 
of a young girt who 
befriends abadgar 1038 
Science colour 11.00 

Radio 4 

11.17 Builders using 
bricks 11.40 
Wondermaths. 1147 
Math e matical Investigations. 

1218 Reading a British RaH 

timetable 1240 The role of 
members of pare ament 
145 The news as seen by 
viewers of Luxembourg’s 
RTL channel 1J3 Buddy, 
a drama about a young 
man coping with nis errant 
father 240 For four- and 
five-year olds. 215 

i 325 Rine L’etsmeJ ratour* 
(1943) starring Madeline 
Sotogne, Jean Marais and 
Jean Murat An up-dated 
version of the Tristan and 
Iseutt legend, with the 
screenplay by Jean 
Cocteau. Directed by Jean 
Delannoy. (subtitles) 

545 News summary with 
subtitles. Weather. 

5J0 Motor Show 86. The first 
of two previews. 

640 No Limits. Jenny Powell 
and Tony Baker are in 
Winchester where among 
the places they visit are 
the Cathedral and the 

640 The Roadies' Tale. A day 
on the road with the pop 
group. Madness, during a 
UK tour, (r) 

7.15 Under Saft Before the 
Mast With the three 
masted barque of the 
West German Navy, the 
Gorch Foch, as she safe 
from Leith to the North 
Friesian Islands. 

7J5 issues of Law. In part four 
of his series on the state 
'Of Bigfish law Michael 
Mdyneux investigates: 
complaints that it is too 
expensive and too slow. 

8.00 Boyd on Food. Keith 

230 Fta: Down Memory Lane* 

(1948) A comedy 
compilation of Mack 
Sennet films. Among 

those appearing are 
W.CJTekJs, Bing Crosby, 
Ben Turpin, Gloria 
Swanson and The 
Keystone Cops. The efips 
are linked by Fred Aden as 
a harrassed television 

245 lOMnooTheftrstofa 
new series of four 
consumer programmes far 
the over Sixties. There are 
items on deaths caused by 

On lorn wave, (s) Stereo on VHF 

545 SWpptng. 640 News briefing; 
Weather. 6.10 Farming. 

cowboy builders who prey 
on the elderly; and 
shopping by computer. 
Presented by Joan Shenton , 
and Reg Guttaridge. (Oracle) 
420 Countdown. The first heat I 
of a new series of the 1 
words and numbers 
competition. Mark 
Kingston from Liverpool 
meets Sofihufl’s Liz 

540 Bew it ch ed. Darrin's 
mother persuades her 
daughter-in-law to hire a 
maid in order to impress 

Floyd discovers the 
defights of West Country 
cheese, and. crusty worKS 
of art from the bakers. 
(First shown on BBC 

820 Top Goar introduced by 
WBfiam Woollard from me 
British International Motor 
Show at the National 
.{Exhibition Centre. Sue 
* Baker drives the new TVR 
420 and Scimitar 1800T1; 
unveils a new British 
sports can and comments 
Carton. Frank Page tries 
the new Renault 21 
Savanna and compares it 
with other new estate 

940 The American F3m 
Institute Salute to UBan 
Gish. A celebration to 
mark the veteran actress's 
90th birthday, introduced 
by Dougas Fairbanks Jr. 

10.10 Stardust Road. The 
second of two 
programmes dedicated to 
the music of Hoagy 

520 Make It Pay. The final 
pr ogramme of the series 
examining ways In which 
hobbies can be made 
toandafiy profitable. 

Wooden toymakfng and 
paper flowers are two of 
today's subjects, (r) 

640 Keeping Your Words. An 
introduction to the care 
and onservation of books, 
presented by Magnus 
Magnusson. How not to 
use books is 
demonstrated by Ray 
Brooks and Christine 
Pilgrim, (r) 

620 EB& friend. American 

dancer and choreographer 
Meretfitti Monk in the ruins 
of Elis Island combining 
dance, documentary and 
music, remembering 
ancestors of today's 
Americans, (rt 

740 Channel 4 News. 

740 Comment With his views 
on a topical subject is seW- 
em ployed builder, Peter 
BuT Weather. 

840 Breokrida. Damon 
reminds AnnabeUethst 
she promised to give Wm 
driving lessons once he 
received his provisional 
Bcence; and Ralph has to 
make a surr eptiti ous 
telephone cal to arrange a 
meeting with Madge. 

820 WMscrean *86 Awards 
presented by Jonathan 
Dtmbtebyfrom Bristol's 
Colston Hal, featuring 
excerpts from flms made 
by the world's best wfidife 
and environmental film- 

1040 FHm: Kies Me Goodbye 
(1982) starring SaHyRMd. 
James Caen, and Jeff 
Bridges. Comedy about a 
young widow whose 
intended re-marriage Is 
threatened by the 
appearance of her first 
husband's ghost Directed 

- 620 Today, ind 620, 720, 

820 News 245 Business 
News 645, 745 Weather. 


840 News. 720 Letters. 745, 
8JS Sport. 7.45 Thought 
for the Day. 825 Yesterday 
in Parliament 847 
Weather; Travel 

440 News 

045 Tuesday CaR: 01-680 
441 1.Phoni&-<n about 
drugs abuse, in the chain 
Judah Chalmers. 

1040 From Our Own 

Correspondent Life and 
p o HtiCft abroad. 

1020 Morning Story; Otd 

Master by Donald 
Bancroft. Reader Jim 

1045 Daily Service (New Every 
Morning, page 25) 

1140 News; TrwJeL Thirty- 
minute theatre: The 
Bright Blue SKy, by David 
Marshal. Cast incudes 
Brian (Sorer and Sandra 
Clark. Tate of a 
Yorkshireman In Spain. 

1123 The Living WOrid. The 
white cattle of 
ChMngham that behave Kke 
the ancie nt anc estor of 
domestic cattle —'the 

1240 News; You and Yours. 
Consumer advice. 

1227 Legal, Decent Honest 
. and Truthful Comedy 
aeries set in an advertising 
agency. With Martin 
Jarvis and Christopher 
Godwin. 1256 Weather; 

140 The World at One: News 

125 A Party Pofitical 

Broadcast (by the Labour 

140 TheArchers. 145 
Shipping Forecast 

240 News; Womwi's Hour. 
Includes a feature about 
urinary incontinence. 

340 News; The Afternoon 
Play. Mr Parker Come to 
Town by Roger Wood. Cast 
includes Alan 

slush and the gush for the sake 
of film dips. 

725} addresses itself to a 
subject which is dose to 

many of our wallets: the high ] 
cost and tong delays of legal j 
action. Among these offering 
Judicious words are Lords 
Elwyn-Jones and Derating, Sir , 
David Napiey and Paul 

• THE PLAYERS (Radio 2, 

9pm) celebrates the 50tft 
anniversary of the Players 
Theatre, that living epitaph to 

British variety now housed 

wider Charing Cross Arches. 
Sheridan Money presents 
reminiscences from Bernard 
Miles. Patricia Hayes, 

Leonard Sachs and others. 

Anne Campbell 

6-00 News; Financial Report 
620 Top of the Form. 
Stoneiaw, Glasgow v 
Edgbaston Church of 
England School, 

Birmingham (r) 

740 News 
745 The Archers 
720 Fite on 4. 

840 Medicine Now. Geoff 
Watts on the health of 
medical care. 

820 The Tuesday Feature: 
Going Places at the 

Motor Show. Ctive Jacobs 
visits the National 
Exhibition Centre In 

940 In Touch. FOr people with 
a visual handicap. 

920 Kane's Tates From 
Shakespeare. Vincent 
Kane finds some 
resonances in the story of 
King Lear. 

9-45 Kaleidoscope, includes 
comment on Largo 
Desolate at the Bristol Old 
Vic, and anew recording 
of Dion Giovanni. 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: 

Reader feck Dunning. 1029 

1020 The World Tonight 
11.15 The Financial World 

1120 Today in Parliament 
1145 Music at Night. 

Piano music by' 
Schubert played by 
Imogen Cooper 
and Arms Queffetoc 

Turner. Tale of a 

- h Lancashire (rXs) 

440 News 

445 Poet to Poet Kngstoy 
420 Kaleidoscope. Last 
nighfs edition, repeated. 
Indudes comment on Paid 

Theroux's O Zone, and - 

an interview with singer 
Emma Klrkby (r) 

5.00 PM. News ma g a ana 

1240 News; Weather. 1233 


VHF (avafiable In England and 
S W8tes onjy) as above 
except: 54&640am 
Weather; Travel. 1140- 
1200 For Schools 145- 
340pm For Schools 
540-545 PM (continued). 
1220-1.1Om Schools 
Night-time Broadcasting: 
Industry Year, What's 
Your Problem? 1220 
Workspace ($L 1250 

( Radio 3 

645 Weather 740 News 
745 Conceit Manila 

Bach (Hafian Concerto, BWV 
■ 971: BrancteL piano), 

Rossini (Sonata far Strings • 
No 5), Baet{L’Arte8(0tine 
Suite No 2). 840 News - 
845 Concert (contd): Brahms 
(Academic Festival 
Overture). Grieg 

(Humoresques Op 6: 
KnardahJ. piano), Schubert 
(Symphony No 10. reel 
Newboutd). 940 News 
945 This week's Composer 
Handel. Trio-Sonata in F. 
HWV405. for two recorders), 
and the cantatas 
Lucrezia, Fr tame pane, and 
AmariB vazzosa (singers 
include Kwefiaand Denley) 
1040 Ravel and Berkeley: 

Antony Peebles (pfeno). 
Ravel (Gaspard de la Nutt), 
Barketeh (Four Concert 

1040 BBC Singers in 

Chelmsford Cathedral: 
works by Vaughan wafiams. 
Elizabeth Maconchy, 

Wffliam Mathias. Grace 
WHtiams, and Holst 
1125 Schubert and 

Gatesoorouah Trio play 
Schubert's Trio in B flat 
D 28, and Beethoven's Trio 
in D Op 70 No 1 
1245 BBC Welsh SO (under 
Owain Anwal Hughes). 

Anuel Hughes (Suite for 
Orchestra) and 
Shostakovich (Symphony No 
146 News 
145 St David's Had 
Lunchtime Redtat 
Bochmarm String Quartet 
With John Anderson 

(oboe). Mozart (Oboe 
Quartet in F.K 370), 
Tchaficovsky (String Quartet 
No 2) 

205 Guitar Encores: John 
MMs plays works by 
Pud. Segovia. Eduardo 
ReiginoS&inz de la Maza. 
sraPaqulta Madriguera 
225 A Memory of David 
Munrow: works by 
PurceH fnctuding There's not 
a swam, and Sweetar 
than roses), Wfflfam WBHams 
(Sonata, in imitation of 
birds), Gordon Crosse (A 
Wake Again), Peter 
Dickinson (in Memory of 
David Munrow), and 
John Blow. With counter- 
tenors James Bowman 
and Charles Brett 
440 Loe Angeles 

Phaharmoitic (under 
Carlo Maria Gfufini), with 
Murray Perahia (piano). 
Beethoven (Egmont 
overture), and Piano 
Concerto No 4). 445 News 
5.00 Mainly for Pleasure: 

Andrew Kenner with 
recorded music 
520 Early Baroque Songs: 

Nancy Long (soprano), 
Robert AJdwtecfcte 
(harpsichord/ chamber 
organ). Wmdy GiBesple 
(bass viol), including 
works by Robert Johnson 
740 Eastern European Flute 
Music James Dower 
(flute), John Lenehan (piano). 
Doppler's Fantaisie 
pastorale hong raise, Op 26; 
Bartok's Suite paysarma 
hongroise; Enesco's 
CaritebUeet Presto 
720 The Ctockmaker of 
Cordoba: Tom Poole's 
translation of Emato 
Cartiaffido’s play. With 
David Codings (as the man 
who accuses himself of 
murder and robbery), and 
Peter Woodthorpe 

9.10 The Composer 
Conducts: BBC 
Philharmonic play George 
Lloyd’s Viofin Concerto 
No 2 (M&noug Parikian, 
sotoist), and Symphony 
No 2 

1025 Schubert Metvyn Tan 
ga^Four Impromptus, 

1140 First Night review of the 
Almeida production of 
Supper, Goodnight. 

performed Dy the Pousn 
Theatre Co 

11.10 Joseph Sitverstein: vKrim 
recordings. Mozart 
(Divertimento in E flat K 563, 
with Burton Fine, viola, 
and Jutes Eskm, cello). 1147 
News. 1200 Closedown. 

Radio 2 

On medium wave. Stereo on 
VHF (see Radio 1) 

News on the hour. Headlines 

520am. 620, 720, 920. 

Sports Desks 1.05pm, 242 
3.024.02 545, 842, 6.45 (mf 
only), 945. 

440am Colin Berry 520 Ray 
Moore 720 Derek Jameson 920 
Ken Bruce 11.00 Jimmy Young 
(incl replies to matticai questions) 

145om David Jacobs 240 
Gkxia Humiifatd 320 David 
Hamilton 545 John Dunn 7JX1 
Bob Hdness presents BBC Radio 
Orchestra 9.00 The Players. 
Ceiebratteg the 50th anniversary of 
the music nan company now 
housed in the archways under 
CbarmgCross Station. 945 
Sports Desk 1040 Inman and 
Friends with John imnaa 
Jeffrey Holland. Shame Hawson 
and Bobby Crush 1020 Listen 
toLes(Les Dawson, Daphne 
Oxenford and Colin Edwynn) 

1140 Brian Matthew 140am 
Richard Clegg 3404.00 A Little 
Night tAuScT 

Radio 1 

On medium wave. Stereo on 

News on the haif-hour from 

620am until 820pm than at 1040 
and 1240 midnight 
520am Adrian John 740 MDte 
Smith's Breakfast Show 920 
Simon Bates 1230pm 
Nawsbeat (Frank Partridge) 1245 
Gary Davies find this week's 
Top 40 singles) 340 Steve Wright 
520 Newsbeat (Frank 
Partridge) 5.45 Bruno Brookes (ind 
new Top 40 singles) 720 Tom 
Robinson 1040-1240 John Peel. 
VHF Stereo Radios 1 8 2:— 

440am As Radio 2 1040pm As 
Radio 1. l240-4.00am As 
Radio 2 

than at 10.00 


B40 Newadesk 740 News 749 Twanty- 
tour Hours 7JO John BUT a Other hW» 
7 AS Netwartr UK LOO News 149 Rsttoc- 
ttons 6.15 TraMng tar Tomorrow uo 
Symphony for Four 940 News 949 
Review Of the British Press 9.1S The 
Wortf Today 920 Financial News 920 
Look Ahead BAS Sounds el the Stxrws 
1040 News 1041 Discovery 1020 The 
Betrothed 1140 News 1149 News About 
Britain ins Waveguide 1125 A Letter 
from Scotland 1240 Radio Newsreel 

12.15 MuMfrack 1 1245 Spots Roundup 
140 News 140 Twenty-tour Horn 1 J 0 
Network UK 145 Recording ot me Week 
240 OuSook 245 Eric Oomes X00 Radio 
Newsreel 215 A Jetty Good Show 440 
News 448 Commentary 4. US Omnibus 
445 Tile World Today 5.00 News 549 
Lena- tram Scotland 840 News 849 
Twenty-Four Hours 820 Omnibus 940 
News 941 MameNonal Gardeners 9.10 
Book Choice 215 Concert Hal 1040 
News 1049 The World Today 1925 A 
Loner from Scotland 1020 Hnaraai 
Nows 1040 Reflections 1045 Sports 
Roundup 1140 News 1149 Commentary 

11.15 Rft in the Modem World 1120 
Engineering at the Sham End 1240 News 
rntSNews About Britain 12.15 Radio 
Newsreel 1220 Omnibus 140 News 141 
Outlook 120 Report on Raton 145 
Coumy Style 240 News 249 Review of 
the British Prase 2.15 EnoMt Mtaa&iras 
,2J0The Betrothed 340 News 349 News 
About Bntain 115 The Worid Tbday 220 
Discovery 440 Newadesk 420 b4ama- 
donal Gardeners. M theee in GMT. 



440 Sons and Deugiam 840 
Lookaraund 525-740 Crossroads 
TTtitom CtoBadown. 


News 540 News 525-740 prims- 
roads 122Sra» Ctosadown. 

KTV WALES ** h™*** 

by Robert 
Too CfOM 

i ghost Direct! 

for Comfort 

Carmichael, (r) 

10.40 APartyPolmcal 

Broadcast on behalf of the 
Labour Party. 

10.45 Newsn*ght1120 

11^ TooCfoeefor Ctemfort 

^BdKrtlght as anow? 
protective father of two 
attractive daughters. In 
this episode Monroe 
mistakes Mildred for his 
sax therapist Ends 1225. 

NORTHERN MBAN0:72falB-a45 
D to ra ri ng Anima te 


34MJ0 AnvOtooraUe Chwi- 
nW Report B2S-740 Crossroads 1048- 
1045 Twogatter 1225eai 

1240 Schools K40pm-62S Wales at 


GardenlngTIoiB tX&wafSSF 
a20f4fl^pr« md Patf itors 840Scot- 
lend Today 625 Crossroads 740- 
720 Take the High Rood 1225m Late 
Cel 1220 Sori^itedean a 75 

Time 120-120 News 840 Cross- 
roads 825*40 News 1245era JoMnder 

320-440 Joento Loves ChecN 640 
OmUftentaB We»r525 Dtey Detee 
025-740 Crossroads 1225am 

i >»i ^tnsiraiL ■■■, 

W®. UDbOQDWn. 

TSW ^ London except 
-iSSt i220pm-140 to Tune VWh Each 
Other 120-12b News 325440 
Sons and Daughters 840 Today South 
West 62STelewews 820 Tuesday 
View 740-720 Me end My GM 122S» 
Pdstocript, Closedown. 

GR AMPIAN ^sSopmrt 4 o 

BetMngTbm 120-1 20 News 640 
North Tortqm 625 Crossroads 740-720 
CbAOi on me Caledonian Canal 
tt2Sae» Maws 1220 Soriey Madsen at 
75 1225dosedowa 

AH 120-120 News £00 About An0e 
825 Crossroads 740-720 Bygones 
122S« Tuesday Topic, Closedown. 

TYNE TEES ^d^;^ 

News 840 Northern Um 625-740 
Oos aroa ds 1225am People » People 


Grenade Reports 328440 Sons and 
Daughters U0 Granada Reports 820 
Superhowt 825-740 CroestOBdS 
1225n Closedown. 

S 4 C Starts: 11.10am Hwnt Ac 
— Yraa 1120 HynO Fyd 1120 Inter- 
val ttlOpn Flm: One Hundred Men 
and a Glri 1.40 Alico 2.10 Marketing Time 

2^5 insh Angie 3.15 In My Experi- 
ence 440 FtStMlain 4.16 Robecca 
Had oc 540 Bewncned 520 Car 54, 

Where Ara You? 640 Out of Europe 520 
Slants Please 740 Nawyddlon Sam 
720 Byd Natix 840 Chasing Rainbows 
A Nedon and as Music 940 Mtnaton 
U0 Stoe Stored 1045 LMng with 
Schizophrania 1050 tMUscraen -88 
Awards 1220am Closedown. 


fit' ll’ 



9MHBCAN HALL 028 87*5/038 
88*»1 Torn AUTUMM 

LOVE CLASSICS. L— dw i Coe- 
crrl Oi tl—rtf . Jama BUW 
rond. Vrlkin S**ow pmno. 


courera S 136 3 161 

CC 2ao S2B3 


Ton-i 7 go iTiT ** 7 30 


vSL, 1 * 11 . ••*£»*** 

boos. S CC TtCkots C1-C2220. 
Amntu -»« u °" dwdav 


Ton-1. Tompr 7 30 

Bauki ratune info. 01 240 98IS. 

SADUR-8 WELLS 978 8910. 

riru Call ex: a* Hr- 7 
7200 U»Lfl f"*' L nrU SjU - Ev« 
7 SO. Sol Mats 2-30 

CHINA ,_ v . 

Today A Tomer Tfc*Ncw Y«or-» 

socrfOc/rr—t— «» '&• JvJSS 

NrawlwCoratereerTlicSte gtee 
m—n or Oo« 

UM t Art m. _ 

iimai 2 Pro» C3*** 

mint W tncamaii on A_S j T,anqw. 
21 2C Oci 01-278 0855 for Wm- 
irr Dance Info. 

AOELPRi B3o 7*1 1 or 340 7913 
/4 CC 741 9999/830 7358/379 
oiSS Ora Saho 930 0123 Hist 
r.iM?4Hr 7da*CC24OW00M» 




A SM 4 jO A 8 -00 

in town" sr cxptw* 



ptr-« rwt iram 20 on 

E»w Bom 

ALDfVYCH Ol 830 «(»/0641 
re i'll 579 oT33, 370 7*11 

4Q44 into bk0 Whr 

re 240 TZOO 


aarrt 2E*smi ABWK*“ 


Aa mAM umto 

Bv ai»P Boripr 
Owrcira » TudprOavjM 
CCS 7 30 M*l w cd 2 SO 

AUnV *36 3878 rc 379 6806 

/64S3 Ora sales 836 3962. TH 
Saadair. Tu^Frl Sum. SAT A 




C. Limits. LAST WEEK - ENDS 

A— AH Ann— 01-836 6111 CC 
836 1171. First Cafl 04 hre/7 i 
days, ?aO 7800 0*0 f*«. EA» ! 
7JO. Wed mat 3. Sal 4 Sr 8 

■mi riirtimim riwe’i I 


■ n e il T FON A-nCKET- 
WdM*s On 


434 3998 Fir* GUI 01-840 7800 
TMctmaairr rr S79 6433 
MOn-Fn 8.00 Sat 420 A 8.1® 
Thun mats 3 00 
“ MASTER!. V” FT. 


-wminiuHv iimar djexp 
U Hlcony MS avail Today 

CC 690 6868 Party BW 888 
6188 TtrkctawdcT cc 579 6 435 
Futri Cau CC I84tin 240 7300 (BtE« 
Fn*< cro SKk 920 6189 Et.cs 
7 a5 Man Tue & Sal SO 



Bjpmmr* o exp 


Miak by 

Lyric-, by RICHARD STaCOC 
Ouvried by TREVOR NUNN 
nR U. I UANS special ranees 
MOO* M C6 on Tups MM far 
cHttur cube ns 


NARWCAK OI 6Z8 6795/658 

SB*? ,Ms,v SE^SS 


MMCIW. Brartty 460 6677. 
E\« 7^6, Mats TTrars & Sal 


rnewiY theatre mo 2sra 

CC 340 7300 Grps 930 6183 

A mp. rt . tH ms | »M w n >r 




A.CDBWdy bv Rt oara Harris 

N or the w 

"The applause of ra p t u rous 
recooWBoa- D Mall 
-very iiainy Meed*" S.Exd 
M on-Thu 8 FTi/Stt SJO A BJO 

CRIDM 8 930 3?16 CC S79 
6666/979 6433/741 9999. Grp* 
836 3962. Ei?s 80a Thu mat 
830. Sal 330 A 830 

- mmw farce at ns rest*' 
O Mail 

TTieTt w M r gWCnroeUy C ompany 




WHOM! and directed by 

o»«- 1.400 I fi i li e i eii A perra 

8230 cc 579 666S/6A5S. Eves 
8pm iTtiu Two Sal Man 4pm 

HKHESS S 836 8843 CC 840 
9648 CC 379 6433 * CC 34 
nr/7 day 840 7200 Evga 8 Wed 
mal 3 Sal 511 . 

DUKE OF YORKS 836 6188 CC 
836 9837/741 9999/240 7200l 
E ves 8 Thu 3 Sal 5 A 830 



HU Comedy bv .Richard Harris 
Directed by JuUa McKenzie 




FORTUNE BJOI CC S 836 2238/9 
Agy 240 7800 04h» bin tee) 
Mon to Frt 8. Sal 830 MM Ttttirs 
& Sal 3.00 


Boot omce A PC 01-930 983 a. 1st 
CaB 8enr/7 day or Mies 2«o 7200 
Pirn fr om 1 3 On. Oaens 2T Pel 


lini DnM MM Oaan 

, Dir by CUFFOm'v^LUAetS 

LONDON PAI LADKIi e 437 7373. 

741 9999 me bfcg lew. FW Can 
24 Hr 7 Day CC 240 7200. (NO 
RK8 FEE) Grp Sam 930 6123. 
TMbrtnuBfer 379 6433 




MavFrt 7JO. Mats Wed 8-00 
SM 2-30 A 800 
smut raocmaa avail, al door 
Mon- Frt & Sat »"»»» 

Thu 8 Fri/Sat a 40 « 8.10 


"IMSMT I aRa M iwT SM 


“An unotttsbtd winner” 8 EXP 



Wtndariii SL wi. CC 01 437 
631 2/8380. RMard OTOrtai cxe- 
aler of sensaUonal Rocky Horror 
Show 6 back wkn Npr Sbrator 


“Wild exuberant** ThrtHmer Con- 
UmuUy exciting" Cdn. “f erooved 
II enormous y” T(mes---CxceOetU" 
F.T. NtgtiUy 9.00pm. A dmHaon 
£7 50 A CBM. Frt & Sal 6.30 * 

Sflmm Frt A 

“ 8J0 serfs CSJO ante 

FHOCMX 836 2294 cc 840 9661 
Fbn can 340 7200 
Orp 8am 930 6183 


A new play 


Pmlrws from 11 Nov 
Opens 18 Not « 7pra 

prtn- pert* 1624 o« scs» 

FROM A MARR U B E epaam 
unr bv Feydeau. BMl U - 
Art CE ShawY -Master piece, a 
monous owtonnance” Times ■ 
rrturm 31 D1 ■ 4 Not. 

THE PIT tonl. lomor « Frt 
7 30. Tlture & Sal 2JOO L 7.30 
final oerfs TIC DUD MONKEY 
bv Nrrk Darke "iuniv. wed- | 
wettwn" piavs. 

487 9629 rr 300 1453. Lnlll 
(XI 2& Etm 8om 



eorrtsMJE 920 2252 cc 

ikomiuI TOiiirt small audl- 
lomvni Ton'L Tomor. Thw 
By Arthur MUler Frt. Mon 
7 30- Sal £30 3 7 30 T HE RAF 

Toni 6pm The Taanrt 43 min 
pudonn pert all tkta Q OO 




Mon-Frt 7.50 Thu MM 230 
Sal 4 A 8.15. 


peris ncrept Fn 3 Sat eves lor 
OAPS. IB40S. sludents fr under 
16-s mall 1 hour before serf 
Nate laafciac tm April ■». 
On Thurs mas only "The Rorfc 
star" will be unformed bv 
John Chrlsuc. 



: Sox OfllreLOCOl 8368108. 01- 
2409066/7. Flni Can 24br 7 day 
ff Kp OP 01 240 7200 (no bkg 
Irrl Th-Lecmaaer Ol 379 8433 
(no Dkg fee) 

Darid Merrhk’a 


Wi nne r el -R the fraat 
Ma r i e il AwM i tar 1N4 









Et ot 8.0 Mils wed 3 a Sal 6.0 & 
830 Remind bnre mal Wnb. 
SliMcnb and OAPt sundby 
Croup Sales. 930 6123 
Smut matinee De* 26 3pm 

CLOSE 457 1882.CC 379 6439/ 
net) fee 1st Cub 24 nr 240 7200. 
Grp Sales 930 6123. Elea a 
Mato Wed 3 sat 4. 
Andrew Lloyd Webber Presents 



An American Comedy by 
Km Ludwtp 

Defected ay dbvki Dfliwm 

7753. Fim can cr 2dhn 240 
7800 >1*0 fee). ONDOt MLK 
WOOD ay Dylan Thomas. From 
Tomor ctes 7.46. muSM 230 
. «Ort 20 at TPmi 

K A MFITCAU 722 9301. Et4S 
arm. sai Mats «.3o ask for 
THE MOON Dy SWriey Gee. “A 

warm and haunting play, mm- 
a me ula t a l y «bi* STM. 
“ ri t n aU f rt h i ra a nmr Tire. 


BOX Office & CC 01-930 9852 IB 
Call 2anr/7 day crbfc«a240 7200 
IW rtawa Warn Tmn a r . E\B 7 30. 
Sai Mats 2.30. lOrera 21 Oct at 
7pm i 



Jrto u t a — M toahri Dana 


tX by CUmttWttUNK 

2311 • 85 
Oct Exes 7 43. Wed Mato 2 30 l 
S at M aw 4pm THE HOUSE OF 
R OWAWDA ALDA by Lorca. 

STimrOi Ol -741 8701. Et a I 

MEHMART 836 S668 CC 741 
9999. First CaB CC 840 7800 124 
Ml 7 Day) Etm^tL Sat 6 a 8.30 


sU9ed by 


ROYAL COURT SCC 730 1745/ 
I8S7. CC 84hr 7 day 240 7800 
tbfcg fern Et«s 8pm. Sal Mats 

4pm KAFKA'S MX by Alan 

U rua ,t t - Dtr Richard Eyre 
SAVOY 01-836 8888 CC 01-579 
6819. 836 0479 EvCMnw 7.4S. 
Mato Wed 3. Sa l 6 A BJO 









at me Savoy from Not 12 


COMEDT Ol -379 5399 CT 01-579 
6453/741 9999. First Can 84 hr 
240 7200 >Mi9 Mel Cru Sales 930 

Mort-FrtS. Wed Mat 3. Sal 5003 . 

/-MARI IP rtlRI SI. W CI TV international UK 

o CITY M MAPS. Mon-Sat 105. 

C\es_7-3Q MAC Wed fr,Sal 246 Sun 8JSU6 Adm Free. 

Bp* Office open nauy U am -Wun. 
Booking atoo ataiiaMe at no 
CALL special 24hr 7 day credit 
card booki n gs 01-240 7300. 

TtCKClMASTER 01-579 6433 or 
arty w.H-Snttlh Tratei Brooch 

mw nraicsAnscs umu 29 
Oct. CCA OritoriM (CkrtoUw 
C iMimpri — r Art) 17 Princes 
Am*. WI 01-499 6701. 

' a 

WESTMMSTCR 01-834 0283/4 
re 85 a ooos First can cc 8*o 
7200 fr cc 741 9999/379 6435 
Cn» 930 6183. Etes 7.46. Wed 
Mato 3. Sat 3 fr 8 15 

WE ST END " C. Limits. 
(Pre-thcalze food fr drum) 


734 8951 Flra Call 84 Hr 7 Days 
cr Booking 836 3464 Gro Sales 
930 6123 

Mon-Sal 8. Mat Thurs « Sal 3.00 

From Oct 20 porta Mr a Id 7 JO 
Mata IWn A Sal 2JO 

tree TfKATRE SMtotuy 
Ate WI 01437 5<S86/7 0i^»4 
156 0^01-434 1060. 01-734 

" A twflBant fr Kfroosly 
comic performance 1- v. Times 

Tnc NaUooai TheasnFaacdaFoed 

productinn of 



-marthtwntinily iwnr can 
-Hilanoui...- s. Times 
“A rare mening of 
_ romtr sfthuaration- Time* 
Etgs 730. MMS Wed and Sat 3D 
Croup Sam. 01-930 6125. 

Reduced prtfp mats Sumeot & 

- - FRIST CA LL 24f« 7 DAT.. 
eCHaWM ON 01 240 7200 

APRIL *87 



A DLty by wuium Luce, directed 
M Cam mnie.SunOn Ijfr 
26 fr Not 2 at 4pn>. Mon Oct 20 «l 
Seta. Ban OHcn pare apes. 

406 0078 CC 579 6433 Eves 74B 
Tup fr Sal AOO fr 743. 




Group RBPtoP g 01 -408 1067 dr' 
Ol 930 6123. MOW ROO K RI8 TO 

OLD VK 988 7616 cc ^1 1881 
Pretlew 19 Nor. Opens 20 Not 


by Cbn- Boothe Luce 


SHOW" New^roa 

mm hrrHns B RB tofl 1S87 . 


-A slap up revival - the best I have 
etcr seenTnmesl 


- - me roost nfeenlrd of Ben 
Trotecs" farmTSPKtaion 

ST PUtHTUrS 01-836 1445. Spe- 
ool CC NO 379 6453. Clip 8 0 
Tuw 2.46. Sat 5, 0 and B-O ; 

348, yr at AGATHA CMBSTVa 1 


STRAND 836 3660 CC 836 
4143/6190. 741 9999. fW CaB 
24 Hr 7 Day cc 240 7200 Grp 
San 930 6123 


y^aSTriStlJ ^M a r Ir rt nor, 
ratal In We Wert EM" Std 



Di reeled A Otoreogrophed by 

Gteto Lynne 

Mon Frt 7 45. Mat Wed SjOO 
Sat 430 & 8.16 



■*Verv Bart el TBrW etn **H UMRT 


sum no 

Sarah Steve 

Brtgraman Barton 

CtabT Moerr Maya ChrtoUor 
al ffiam pert orraancm 
E'** 7.45 Mfrtt Wed & Sat S 

■Nabonal Tnrotre't p rorren t w 

Ned Sum. Torn Tantar. Thur 
7.45 THE MAOST1IATE by Pine- 
ro. Frt MOB 8W SM 2 16 flow 
price mall fr 8 00 last p«fc 

370 6433 Fsl Call 24 Hr rosy CC 
240 7200 Cro Sales 930 6123 


LES miserable; 


Etct T 30 Man Thu fr Sal 230 
Ummcn not odmntrd 
umu the interval 


/2Ct HOUtw 930 0644/6/6. Grt» 
Sales 930 6123 Keith *£££ 
741 9999 Ttrantmauer 3796433 
id Cau 24hr/7dny 240 7200 


From 50 Oci 

MOroThr a Frt A Sal 5.50 fr 840 

QUEEN’S 01 734 1 166/7/ 

0261/01 20. 24 hr cc 2«0 7200. ; 

CR* Sales 930 6123. 

i/MDON*' Cdn 

-A toWDUiaL 5TAU” MJfiJ 




-K rtppim with rxdlrnwni- 
S tuw "Jim tHtmderfrt** DExp 
Man-Sll 8 Mato Wed 850 Sal 5 


"The tecy besi ol BrtlrtnY comic 
talent" Dally Mail 
S re lepwrt e entries under: 

eg npaor j theatre/ 



WMTEHALL SWS 01 930 7765/ 
859 4455 CC Ol 379 6868/6455. 
741 9999 Ops 01 836 3962. 
Mon-Fn 8-00. Wed Mot 300. SMS 

6.00 fr 8-50 



by ja PnmUey 
Directed by RoflaM Eyr e 

WORLD" 6-Chprm 

WTHDHAMTS a 836 3028 CC 579 
6565/6453/IS1 Call 24 tiro 7 days 
240 7200/741 9999. Cm 836 
3962/851 2771. Eves & Wed fr 
SM mate 5 



to the N.T. >» ■dariloii W 


Directe d bn PETER HALL 

YOUNG VK 92B 6363 CC 379 
6433. Eim 7.30. For 5 wta only 


In GHOSTS by temp Now bLg. 

bwr City Th cow a remedy: 


NEW ART C ENTRE. 41 Stoanr 
9rm, SWI. 01 235 5844 
KEVIN D-BRMN - Recent Pain! 
unto Mow- Frt 106: Sal 1 1-3. 

MR Pawn I GALLERY. 6 Dube 
Stnert. si. JanW*. swi 


MAROC Monwcs. Pram Tttt 
Oct - nil Nm . Dotty 9 30-650. 
Sal 10-1. fully illustrated Cal. 
SSOO Tel: Ot 839 6223/4, 

LVOl 734 9062 open dally l O- 
6 Inr.SuQ ■ reduced raw Sun 
Unlit 1451 NEW ARCNREC- 

fnr.AdmlrBlIy Arch) Tel: Ol 
930 6844. Nm EtqRrti Art 
Hah. Open 16-27 October, dal- 
ly. except 26th. IMgm. Worta 
lor sole. 

UN - The tudonai Museum or 
Art and Des>pn. S. Kenungum. 
Wriraar CaewMes. Ruhr 
Pteom »f F tnH p ra p fu - Record 
ed into OI-S81 4894. Wkdys 
10-550. Suns 2-30560. 
Cknea Fridayt. 


Net WnrV 499 4100. 

bwan Centre. London CCS. Ol 
658 4141KMD » OR W. 
EUGEIK SRUIH, a retnOunUno 
of Ihtt great ptmograpberts 
own Mrewctne. with over 

600 pnotortapns. - oulte cuuf- 
Dty the most Otcr-powenng 
onr-man show ever 
mounled...- Adm Cl and SOP. 
Open Tue*- Sat town - 6.48pm. 
Sun * Bank Hob 12-5 45pm. 
Cl— d Mre, raid Bare. Hob. 

O WW OSB iPCi FHm at 
200 4 16 6-30 8SQ 

[ CMELSEA COMMA 381 3742 
Dntyc Arra ndY T HE DECUHE 
nm Ftun at 2.15 ajo 6.30 

а. 45. 

499 3737. Maeae Smite. 
Dmholra oil ou. JinU Dntxn tn 
FHm al i so iNot sun) 3.45. 

б. 10 A 8.40 

CURZON WEST END Shaftesbury 
Avenue Wi 439 4805. Maggie 
SrntUi. Denholm Ett kHL J udl 
Denrn in A ROOM WITH A 
VIEW JPG). FHm at 1.30 (NM 
Sunu 3 4ST 6 to fr a^O. 

GATE CINEMA nioUlng Hill Cate 
727 4043. BniKhT BETTY 

BUIE 1 181 2 00 thoi Sun). 4. is. 

6 36. a 55 All teats bootable, 


I get 
I car 



League on crash 
course with 

the Government 

All quiet 
in the 
eye of 

By Peter Ball 

By Clive White . 

The Football League have 
set a confrontation course 
with the Government over the 
way to handle hooliga n is m , 
believes a former member of 
their management committee. 
And the takeover of the 
Football Association itself— 
although not appearing on 
today's agenda for the 
League's committee meet- 
ing -could well appear on a 
future one. 

That is the view of John 
Smith, the chief executive of 
Luton Town, who informed 
The Times yesterday that 
Philip Carter, the League 
president, bad just telephoned 
him to confirm that his (Mr 
Smith’s) resignation, which 
was privately tendered last 
week, had been accepted. Mr 
Smith had been at the centre 
of the dispute with the League 
over his club's controversial 
membership scheme which 
the League had refused Luton 
permission to operate in the 
Uttlewoods Cup. 

Mr Smith said: “I was in a 
hopeless position where, as a 
management committee 
member, I had to represent a 
view of the dubs wfaicb I did 
not share. I was required to 
vote against my own dub on 
an issue which I supported. 

“I would have liked to 
continue, but we were obvi- 
ously poles apart on a fun- 
damental issue. I've worked in 
football since 1 was IS — for 
33 years — and I do feel I have 
something to offer. A lot of the 
things that we're striving to do 
will benefit the game in the 
next five to 10 years.” 

Mr Smith believes that the 
course the League have taken 
over their decision to prevent 

Luton operating the 
controversial membership 
scheme must inevitably lead 
to a confrontation with the 
Government, “which will 
mean that all clubs will suffer 
in the end.” He said: “At 
Luton we foresaw that the 
Government would step in. If 
they don't change the Public 
Order Bill the local authorities 
will make it a condition of the 
safety certificate. 

“Those authorities with 
problems will see the peace 
that we've brought to this 
particular town.” He added: 
“Instead of taking the route 
where they could have rea- 
ched some sort of conclusion 
together with the Government 
and attracted financial sup- 
port from the Government 
and local authorities, they 
have confronted people whose 
cooperation they sought” 

Although public sympathy, 
not to mention the Govern- 
ment is strongly behind 
Luton's decision to ban visit- 
ing supporters from the Kenil- 
worth Road ground, the dub 
have found themselves hea- 
vily outnumbered by their 
fellow League members. They 
lost the vote to ban visiting 
supporters from their 
Uttlewoods Cup ties this sea- 
son by 80 votes to 6. 

The contrary decision of the 
FA, the game's representative 
body in international and 
world affairs, to allow Luton 
to operate their ban hasi 
brought the FA sharply into' 
opposition with the Football 
League. But the recent sugges- 
tion that the League would 
undermine the position of the 
FA by instructing their dubs 
not to compete in the FA Cup, 

or to release their players for ! 
international matches, was j 
dismissed as “fanciful j 
speculation” by an FA official 

The motion was not taken 
too seriously within the 
League either - though Gor- 
don Taylor, the chairman of 
the Professional Footballers’ 
Association, said yesterday 
that be fell that one body 
made up by members of the 
FA, the League and his own 
organisation made sense. 

Gearly though the clubs are 
unhappy with the degree of 
wealth that the FA have 
amounted at their expense. 
Since the rationalising of fi- 
nances within the league 
earlier this year, the dubs 
have felt they should receive 
something back from the FA 
as a result of their efforts in the 
FA Cup competition. 

The management commit- 
tee will be discussing today the 
FA'S decision and other mat- 
ters pertaining *to the Luton 
affair as well as reporting back 
on their own meeting with 
Dick Tracey, the Minister for 
Sport, last week. Mr Smith 
said that the committee would 
obviously spend much of the 
meeting formulating their 
strategy following the 
Government's insistence that 
membership card schemes be 
introduced ■ 

Mr Smith said: “Tfs a 
worrying scenario, whereas it. 
could have been so good. The 
course of confrontation seems 
to me to be set fair, and it 
could leave the Football 
League where South African 
sport is at the moment — 
banned by the rest of the 

• * * - . . * «* « 

't » r •*' : 

Hughes of England (right) tackling Kooijraan of Tie Netherlands at Wfflesden (Photograph: Hugh Rondedge) 

Scots may 
go for 

By Hugh Taylor 

England on a knife edge 

By Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent 

. Bobby Robson feels his 
‘England squad is srtting on the 
edge of a knife: If his side 
falters against Northern Ire- 
land at Wembley tomorrow 
night, he is aware that the 
nation's interest in the 1988 
European Championship may 
have ended as soon as the 
qualifying ties have begun. 

Robson yesterday recalled 
that his representatives failed 
only once in the last series of 
eight matches. Yet that lone 
defeat, at home against Den- 
mark three years ago, effec- 

tively cost England a place in 
the finals that were staged, and 
won, by France in the summer 
of 1984. 

“That will galvanize us,” he 
said. “We have enjoyed 
participating in the World 
Cup in Spain and Mexico and 
we don't want to miss out on 
successive tournaments in 
Europe. Only one team goes 
through from each group and 
we want that place very badly. 
It is a knife-edge situation.” 

Robson admitted that En- 
gland will have to improve 
considerably on last month's 

performance in Sweden. 
“Hardly anybody was in good 
dub, let alone international 
form. We never seem to open 
the season well anyway. The 
Danes beat us in our first 
match in 1983.” 

Although the collective rust 
has supposedly been shaken 
off half of the outfield players 
in the line-up that he will 
announce today were either 
unavailable or omitted in 
Stockholm. , 

The only time the party 
members will be able to 
practise together, win, as 
usual, be on the eve of the 
game itself 

Stevens, of Tottenham 
Hotspur, stm aching after his 
comeback on Saturday, was 
rested yesterday and the three 
foreign exiles did not arrive in 
time to join their colleagues in 
a training session that was 
held, appropriately, behind a 
heavy curtain of mist. Robson 
preferred also to conceal his 
plans under a doak of secrecy. 

Yet there is little to disguise. 
Five changes, whether or not 
they are to be made by choice. 

are predictable. Watson, for 
instance, is the natural 
replacement for the injured 
Martin, even though he has 
linked only once before with 
Butcher — in the 2-1 victory 
over Scotland last April. 

Bryan Robson wlD return, 
probably in place of Wilkins 
rather than the more creative 
Hoddle. England’s captain has 
not led the side since his 
shoulder was dislodged in a 
collision with a Moroccan. 
Waddle, who last played in the 
same World Cup tie, will fill 
the role of Steven on the right 

Lineker, the leading goal 
scorer in Mexico, who has 
enhanced his reputation since 
moving to Barcelona, will take 
over from Dixon in attack. 
The identity of his partner 
provides the only serious de- 
bate when considering the 
potential formation. Should it 
be Beardsley or Cottee? They 
are the leading candidates. 

Robson, perhaps delib- 
erately, lengthened the list of 
possibilities by suggesting that 
Barnes had shown moments 

of “top class” at Highbury on 
Saturday. But the inclusion of 
one versatile winger. Waddle, 
will inevitably reduce the 
chances of the other. Hateley, 
also, is more likely to be 
employed only as a substitute. 

Although Cottee has burst 
into explosive form, he ex- 
pects no more than to sit on 
the same bench. “He has come 
through the under-21 side so 
we know enough about him,” 
Robson said. “It is nice that 
there is so much competition 
for places in the forward line.” 

Yet Robson will probably 
rely on the forward who rose 
to prominence initially in the 
Soviet Union last March and 
later during the build-up to the 
World Cup finals. Beardsley 
would welcome the invitation. 
His confidence is scarcely 
being lifted during his daily 
work with Newcastle United, 
who are lying 21st in the first 

PROBABLE SIDE: Staton. Anderson. 
Butcher. Watson. Samsons, waddto, 
Hoddle. Robson. Hodge. Lineker. 

Four years old. 
Seriously underweight 
for her age. 
Scavenging for food 
where she can find it. 
And she’s English. 

With parents who re- 
fused to acknowledge that 
she even existed this child 
was being slowly and deli- 
berately starved. Here in 

Fortunately we found 
her in time. Yet without your 
donations we’d have been 
powerless to help. 

-£15.48 can protect a 
child for two weeks. And 
thatls the sum we’re asking 
for now. 

If you can't afford quite 
that much, all donations are 
t gratefully received. 

Fenwick asks 
for a move 


1 want to help prated a child and " 

ajctoecnry cheque or posolorden , 


H i I *15.48 □ *30.% □ *9288 □ I 
Acvoa and Via card holders may J 
s debit their accounts. No. I 


k : . Nome ... 

I Pkase icnd dunam*) c 

Dr. A. Ciksoar. (M715Z3 mriTCm 
I London ECIBIQQ. ImlTlIlD 

■ ?bpnmttedi9i£idnmthclHhBbmdi>«Br4 

Terry Fenwick, the Queen's 
Park Rangers captain, yes- 
terday asked for a transfer. 
The England World Cup de- 
fender says be has been un- 
settled for some lime and after 
six years at Loftus Road feels 
he needs a fresh start. 

• The worst fears of Notting- 
ham Forest's goalkeeper. 
Steve Sutton were realized 
yesterday when he learnt that 
he will be out of action for up 
to six weeks with damaged 
knee ligaments. 

• Ken Brown, the Norwich 
City manager, has confirmed 
he will be seeking further 
transfer talks with the Forest 
manager, Brian Gough, over 
England's Under-21 defender, 
Ian Butterworth. 

• Mark Bright, the Leicester 
City forward, has turned down 
a move to Crystal Palace. 

• Imre Varadi, she unsettled 
West Bromwich Albion for- 
ward. is interesting Manches- 
ter City. 

drops out 

Other notable absentees are 
Joakjm Nystrom. of Sweden, 
and Andres Gomez, of Ec- 
uador, both of whom have 
knee problems. 

vnorca wroarn - jjymc 


England reach World Cup 
semi-finals for first time 

By Sydney Friskm 

bead. Many a Dutch manoeu- defence was in disarray after 
vre on the left of the field was the goalkeeper had saved from 

With Scotland's European 
Championship match against 
the Republic of Ireland ex- 
pected to be played with all the 
fervour of a British cup tie, 
Roy Aitken of Celtic appears 
certain to be captain. The man 
who leads his dub with bra- 
vura is held in high regard by 
the Scotland coach, Andy 
Roxburgh, and he is a 
favourite to be handed the 
captain's arm hand when the 
team is announced today. 

Now that Miller, who took 
over the captaincy from 
Sounessin the World Cup, has 
had to withdraw because of 
injury, Aitken has no rival 
apart, perhaps, from Hansen, 
who leads Liverpool But 
Hansen has been out of the 
international scene for a long 
time and Aitken would be the 
more inspirational motivator 
in what can turn out to be a 
hectic match. 

Roxburgh was left with a 
squad depleted to 16 when 
Scotland flew into Dublin 
yesterday but a team capable 
of improving on a disappoint- 
ing record in the European 
Championship can be chosen 
from it. AH of the 16 should be 

Meanwhile, although Coo- 
per and McMinn are receiving 
treatment to have them fit for 
the Skol Cup Final with Celtic 
on October 26, Souness, the 
Rangers player-manager, was 
breathing a sigh of relief 
yesterday. On the threshold of 
suspension, Souness finds that 
he will not be ruled out of the 
final even if he is shown a 
yellow card at FaDdrk on 
Satuday as any ban would not 
take effect until after the 
Hampden match. 

Scottish League officials 
were happy to observe that 
there has been an improve- 
ment in field behaviour since 
the start of this season. On 
Saturday only 26 players were 
cautioned, the lowest total so 

Ron Atkinson, the Man- 
chester United manager, has 
bent his own rules to release 
Kevin Moran to play for the 
Republic of Ireland. United 
usually pull their players out 
of international squads if they 
miss a match the previous 
weekendand Moran was not 
fit to turn out for the dub last 

The 30-year-old central de- 
fender bad stitches removed 
from a gash on his forehead 
yesterday and was given the 
all clear to travel to Dublin. 
Atkinson's co-operation gave 
a welcome lift to an Irish 
squad badly depleted by 



A joyful En- 
gland team 
stepped into 
the semi- 
finals of the 
World Cop 
tournament for the first time 
yesterday after beating the 
Dutch ai Wfltesen in a match 
that was more a contest than a 

Spurred on by vociferous 
home supporters England 
scored in the 14th minute 
from a short comer and hung 
on to their advantage success- 
fully holding off a determined 
challenge by the Dutch in the 
second half. 

Once again every member 
of the England team played his 
heart out and although there 
were moments when tempers 
ran a lithe high on both sides, 
one man, Jon Potter, 
England's right half kept his 

dissolved by him. 

The hopes and aspirations 
of England were finally 
realised when the Dutch gave 
up the chas e in the closing 
minutes with Sherwani, 
Batchelor and Keriy at last 
found the freedom in the open 

Barber. Keriy nipped in to 
score but the umpire despite 
the protests of some of the 
England players had blown up 
for an infringement which was 
not easily discernible. As one 
Dutch defender was on the 
line Keriy could not have been 

spaces which they were earlier offside and some of the Dutch 


After a quiet beginning the 
Netherlands forced two short 
comers to England's one. But 
England took up the challenge 
and earned a just reward from 
their second short comer. The 

players themselves admitted 
after the match that it was a 

The Dutch came into the 
second half having made two 
substitutions and gathered 
their resources together for a 

the drdc was saved by the ' # £*H 

goalkeeper and Sherwani 
scored on the follow-up. 

This goal marked the begin- 
ning of a long period of 
England's ascendancy. The 
Dutch were out-played in the 
first half ami were hicky not to 
have been two goals down. 
From another short comer 
which followed the partem of 
the previous one, the Dutch 

Ragged defence costs 
New Zealand dearly 

Argentina — 
New Zealand 

New Zealand scrambled to 
a 1-1 draw with Argentina to 
finish at the bottom of Group 
A in the World Cup hockey 
tournament at Wilksden yes- 
terday, scoring one point from 
five matches (Sydney Friskm 

New Zealand have played a 
lot of hockey throughout the 
tournament and should have 
finished in a higher position in 

seized the initiative and 
continually applied pressure. 
New Zeafe^ earned ten short 
comers in the match to 
Argentina's eight. 

The second half belonged 
hugely to New Zealand with 
Daji leading several assaults 
on the Argentine goal Daji 
himself put the ball in die net 
from a scramble in the 29th 
minute but the goal was 
disallowed following an 
infringement in front ofgoaL 

The equaliser came one 

attempt py the Dutch to find a 
road on the right of the field 
and the whole England offence 
stood manfully together. 

A little nastiness crept into 
the game and after Koijman 
the Dutch wing half had been 
given a green warning card 
Keriy was handed the yellow 
temporary suspension card 
after tackling Diepeveen from 
behind. He was off the field for 
six minutes but England gal- 
lantly defended their fortress. 

The Netherlands Were 
awarded a crucial short corner 
in the 23rd minute of this 
period after Schlatmann's hit 
from the left had landed 
against Potter’s body inside 
the circle 


(knap A 

ENGLAND (l) 1 NETNERL’S (0) 0 

England quality tar sffni-ftnte 

SW Wason(pwi) 


Soviet Union 

the group. They 'had their * £“!£: 

chanoes in the wsond half a ™i dal a fa Argenti n e 
vKfprriav tn mnw mum nrifh a goalkeeper had obstructed 

New Zealand 

l Fin 

19 4 8 

15 2 8 

14 1 6 

3 5 7 3 

3 B 11 2 

4 5 11 1 

yesterday to come away vrith a 
win but paid dearly for a 
defensive error by fan back 

defensive error by fan back 
Brown who presented Siri 
with a simple chance to score 
in the 20th minute after failing 
to cut off a back pass by Veiga. 

Argentina, led by Varga, lost 
some of the venom in their 
attack and New Zealand 

Daji,* was 


• Net indudng test ntoWa match be- 
tween Pakistan and the Soviet Union. 

Austrafia 4 3 1 0 20 

W Germany 4 2 2 0 7 

PWand 4 2 7 1 8 

Spain 4 112 4 

tnefia 4 10 3 3 

Canada 40132 


B: Ma * West Gannon* 
Carada v Spain (4.30* Austrafia v 

L F Am 
0 20 4 7 

0 7 2 6 

18 5 5 

2 4 12 3 

3 3 9 2 

3 2 12 1 

Birmingham’s plan for the poor 

Should Bi rmingham suc- 
ceed in its bid to host the 1992 
Olympic Games, a scheme of 

Olympic scholarships for ath- 
letes from financially poorer 
countries will be introduced 
(David Miller writes from 

Games was earmarked for 
such a scheme. He said: 
"Scholarships would be 
awarded in conjunction with 
the IOC (International Olym- 
pic Committee) providing 
feres, accommodation and 
fed lilies for promising young 

Denis Howell. 

Birmingham's leader, an- 
nounced yesterday that one 
third of any profit from the 

. Bir ming ham has already 
raised more than £3 million 
and a cheque will be given this 

week to Sport Aid, the cam- 
paign initiated by Bob Geldof. 

The rest of any profit from a 
Games staged in Birmingham 
would be divided between the 
city and the British Olympic 
Association, after statutory 
deductions by the IOC, who 
have altered their regulations 
to prevent a host dty keeping 
the whole of any profit as did 
Los Angeles. 

Selling Britain short, page 37 



Kaylor’s plea 

Jimmy Connors, seeded 
third, behind Ivan Lendl and 
Boris Becker, withdrew from 
the Australian indoor tennis 
championships last night after 
being taken ill at Los Angeles 
airport before boarding a 
flight for Sydney. 

Graham Lovett, the tour- 
nament director, said he had 
been told by Omnors's 
management agency that the 
player had been sick while 
checking in his bags, and had 
been taken to hospital for 
checks. Connors's first-round 
match had already been put 
back after be had missed his 
original flight on Saturday 
because his wife, Patti, was 


piilfc - 4 

Connors; taken Bi 

Mark Kaylor, who chal- 
lenges Herol Graham for the 
European middleweight title 
at Wembley Arena on 
November 4. is short of 
suitable southpaw sparring 
partners. His manager, Terry 
Lawless, said yesterday: “I 
have telephoned around the 
world trying to find the right 
man to help us. There are only 
a handful of top-flight south- 
paw middleweight and i have 
tried just about every one of 
them — with the exception of 
Marvin Hagler. 

Wigan players 

Maurice Bamford, the 
Great Britain coach, was so 
impressed by Wigan's perfor- 
mance in the 18-26 defeat 

r ist Australia on Sunday 
it is no surprise to. find six 
Wigan players in the squad to 
train for the first international 
against Australia at Old 
Trafford on October 25 (Keith 
Macklin writes.) 

The six are Ellery Hanley, 


Speedy duo 

Henderson Gill, Joe Lydon,’ 
Shaun Edwards, Ian Potter 

Cart Prean, aged 19, returns 
to international table tennis 
duty to lead England in their 
European League fixture 
against Austria, in Linz, on 
Saturday. Rested in England's 
6-1 super division victory 
over Turkey in September, 
Prean replaces Desmond 

Two women's world power- 
boat records were set on Lake 
Windermere yesterday on the 
first (fey of the annual record 
attempts week. Sue Keay, of 
Bedford, set a record oT 
74.41 mph for the OA hydro- 

_i w : 

Miaim Edwards, Ian Potter 
and Andy Goodway. 

The remainder consists of 
two players each from Widnes 
and Featherstooe, Hull and 
Castlefbrd and one each from. 
Brantley, St Helens and Hull 
Kingston Rovers. 

SKi? EihnwH, N OO, E 

J Lwdan (Wnmi n ir 

plane class, while Marianne 
Smith, of Bournemouth, 
established a record of 
62.1 1 mph in the offshore two- 
Utre class. 


Frustrating time 
for Moses 

Kangaroo court of 
United players 

Altar the leaks of last week, 
the players are also raflyiag 
round. The victory over Shef- 
field Wednesday flowing the 
point gained from the then 
leaders Nottingham Forest the 
previous week has «■- 
doubted ly provided an nplift 
for the dub, and the players 
are loth to rock the boat - 
Publicly toe, the players 
have consistently reaffirmed 
their support for Ron . Atkin-/ 
son, though rumours persist 
that some are less happy with, 
his assistant Nick Brown, who 
does most of the day to day. 
work with them. “Everyone is 
pulling together mteroafl]','* 
Edwards said, and it seems a 
fair assesseweut 
Atkinson’s enemies, how- 
ever, are unlikely to let the 
matter rest. United's handing 
of the affair has left a lot to be 
desired, the bargaroo court of 
players set up by Atkinson on 
Friday to try one of 
Manchester's most respected 
journalists, who broke the 
story feudally, doing little to 
help their cause. 

Whether the players’ cur- 
rent reticence will be mafa- 
tamed if results go wrong 
again remains to he seta- if 
they do Atkinson knows that 
this current incident will pro- 
vide his critics wfth another 
stick to beat him with even if 
for the moment he appears to 
have weathered the storm. 

The affair of JCesper Olsen’s 
eye nay not have the mo- 
mentous repercussions of the 
affair of Jenkins's Ear which 
triggered a war la 1759, but it 
has added further fad to the 
current mease surremnUng 
Manchester United. 

The dab’s attempt to drew* 
veil over the proceedings after 
the charges and counter 
charges not week «as not 
helped yesterday when it 
emerged that Clayton Bfedk- 
more, tire club's Welsh inter- 
national, had also hen 
involved in a scuffle with Read 

Moses in training three weeks 

What effect the latest 
disclosure wiU have remains to 
be seen, but United are appar- 
ently determined to " dose 
ranks and maintain the muted 
front against the stories, ini- 
tially attributed to auaaued 
players, and repeated at the 
weekend by a Danish witness 
to the incident, that Obw, 
who needed II stitches, had 
been punched by Moses. 

The players who remaned 
at the club yesterday - several 
are away on hrteuternatioaal 
duty — were refusing to discuss 
the affair, and after meeting 
Qlsem the chairman, Martin, 
Edwards, reiterated His view 
that the matter was dosed. 

Btackmore was also at pains 
to play his incident down, 
though be confirmed that he 
had had “a run fa” with the 
combative England midfield 
player. “It was sinribr to 
Jesper's, one of those things 
that happen in the heat Of the 
moment'*, be said, but he 
denied rumours, always in- 
flated where United are con- 
cerned, that he was 
considering suing Moses Cor 
assault, or that other players 
were urging him to do so. “No 
damage was done to me,” fee 




The incidents are the latest 
upheavals in a frustrating 
period for Moses, a somethnes 
quick-tempered competitor, 
who has only just returned to 
the team after virtually two 
years oat with ifejuryi which 
struck when he was on the 
fringe of the England team. 

In the summer he flew to 
Amsterdam to attend the dink 
which had helped Bryan 
Robson's rehabilitation and 
was fined by the dub'far Ms 
initiative, which led to re- 
moors of a rift between him 
and the manager, but the dub 
have refused to sell him. 

As Blackmore remarks,, 
fights are not infrequent on 
training grounds op and down 
the country. Indeed, Arsenal 
players in recent seasons have 
said that Don Howe used to 
continually hark back with 
relish to die number of fights 
the dub's double team had 
had. contrast i ng it favourably 
with the lack of them in the 
later team as a sign of tire old 
side's greater hunger. 

In most cases, as fa 
Blackmon's, the damage is 
minimal. It is dearly not fa the 
case of Olsen, and interest fa 
the incident has also been 
fuelled by the contradictory 
stories emerging, with Danish 
journalists mainminiBg volu- 
bly that Olsen had confirmed 
their stories of Mows being 
struck. To English journalists 
the Dane is following his 
manager’s line that it was a 
result of a clash of heads, and 
he repeated to the chairman 
that it was an accident 

ft Row 

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