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No 62,$S£) 

—mi ii hi ICTPU iUU ea i 




Shultz keeps JSJfc 
nope alive on 

Geneva talks 

The United Stales has in- 
structed its negotiators at the 
reconvened Geneva talks to 
J"* k |HP "J? 1 ® President Rea- 
left off m Iceland. 

Mr George Shultz, the US 
Secretary Q f State, said the 
negotiators will have mstruc- 
uons to take up the same 
positions on intermediate- 
range nuclear forces, strategic 
arms and in the space and 
anti-baJGstic missile area that 
President Reagan took at the 
ena of the meeting. 

“Those positions are on the 
table and we’U continue to 
struggle to find answers.” he 

Mr Shultz, evidently in 
response to Soviet spokesmen 
in Europe, also said the Rus- 
sians now appeared to have 
changed their minds, even 
since Reykjavik, and taken the 
medium-range missiles away 
from strategic and space 

Giving an optimistic assess- 
ment of the outcome, — based 
partly, he said, on having had 
some sleep since Sunday — he 
said the US wanted to make as 
much out of this “tremendous 
opportunity and achieve- 
ment” as possible. 

“Overall, you’d have to 
assess the Reykjavik meeting 
as one that produced tremen- 
dous advances, and that is the 
Soviet view as well,'' he said 

Commenting on a summary 
of Mr Gorbachov's television 

address. Mr Shultz said there 
were points in it that the US 
ggreed with. He shared the 
Soviet leader’s assessment 
that ihe discussions were a 
step forward. 

Mr Shultz said he bad been 
encouraged by the support he 
received from other Nato 
foreign ministers when he 
briefed- them on the summit. 

’They were astonished at 
the progress and very support- 
ive of what happened.” Every 


Back to 

‘The women were 
clawing at the fifth; 
some had no skin 
left on their 

Twenty years after 
the disaster. 

The Times talks 
to the people who 
can never forget 

other top Administration of- 
ficial connected with arms 
control was making similar 
remarks as the Administration 
conducted an unprecedented 
attempt to change the public 
perception of what happened 
by extensive briefings at the 
Pentagon. State Department. 
Arms Control Agency, Na- 

# The Times Portfolio 
Gold daily competition 
prize of £8,000, 
double the usual 
amount because 
there was no winner on 
Tuesday, was won . 
yesterday by Mrs F. 
Brooks of Ealing, 
west London. Details, 
page 3. 

• Portfolio list, page 
29; how to play, 
information service, 
page 24. 


Dublin draw 

The Republic of Ireland and 
Scotland drew 0-0 in Dublin 
in ihc qualifying com; 
for the European 


British consultants working 
abroad earn millions in in- 
visible earnings, but in the 
UK, some form of govern- 
ment help is being sought 
Special Report, pages 31-33 


More graduate high-flyers 
than ever arc beading for City 
careers in the year of the Big 
Bang says an introduction to 
today's seven-page General 
Appointments section 

Pages 34 to 40 

Home News 2-7 

Oimefc US 
.Apprt* 212§ 
\rts *7 

nurriaen 23 
BaoLs 19 

Business 25-30 
(.'linrth 23 
Court 22 

CrosvHords 1&24 
Kvi 20 

tlients 24 

Features 1&2B 
Report 42 
Leaders 21 
Leflm 21 
Obituary 22 
Puibuuent 4 
Sale Room 22 
Science 22 
Sport 43-4M? 
TteMre&OW 46 
TV & Radio 47 
Weather 34 
Wife 23 

<r -ft ft ft ft *r 

Kremlin stresses 
arms offer link 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

Mr Mikhail Gorbachov, the The Soviet agency added 

S&vfef leader, yesterday ajK_ that Mr Gorbachov bad 
peared to (fash earlier hopes stressed the usefulness of the 
that the Soviet Union might Rqkavik summit which he 
now be willing, to negotiate a 
separate deal on limiting 
nuclear missiles hi Europe 
with the US which would not 
be linked to the strict demands 
on Star Wars made at the 
Rejkavik summit. 

Mr Gorbachov made the 
Soviet position dear during 
talks, on the outcome of the 
summit with ' President Alt 
onsin of Argentina, the first 
national leader he has met 
since the weekend summit 
collapsed over bitter disagree- 
ments over Star Wars. 

' Reporting yesterday's meet- 
ing in the Kremlin. Tass last 
night quoted Mr Gorbachov 
as telling Seiior Alfonsin: 

“Our platform of new pro- 
posals, which are inseparable 
from each other, and we do 
not remove any of them, 
promotes invigoration of the 
search for mutually acceptable 

delay by 

By Philip Webster 
and Sheila Grtna 

The Prime Minister has 
called off plans for an early 
visit to Washington is the 
wake of the failure of the 
Reagan-Gorinchov summit 
m Iceland. 

Although no dale had been 
fixed she had been expected to 
go to the United Stales later 
this month or early nerd, as 
part of the preparations for a 
full-scale US-Soviet summit 
which would have followed 
successful talks in Reykjavik. 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher now 
sees no point in making a 
hasty trip to Washington, 
which would inevitably be 
presented as an attempt to 
persuade Mr Reagan to com- 
promise on bis Strategic De- 
fence Initiative stance, which 
proved to be the breaking- 
point in Iceland. 

The most likely date for a 
US visit would be early next 
year, before Mrs Thatcher’s 
planned trip to Moscow. 

Although she is anxious to 
do all she can to help find a 
way forward after Reykjavik, 
Mrs Thatcher does not want 
to be seen as anything other 
than fully supporting Presi- 
dent Reagan. 

It was stressed by Downing 
Street sources yesterday that 
when she does go to Wash- 
ington it will be as a member 
of the Nato alliance and not as 
an intermediary. 

In her talks on Tuesday with 
Mr Viktor Karpov, the chief 
Soviet negotiator at Geneva, 
she warned him that any 
attempt by the Soviet Union 
to sow foe seeds of dissent in 
the alliance camp would foil 
Her view is that the break- 
down of Reykjavik was in 
many ways doe to inadequate 
planning of the hastily ar- 
ranged summit. It had not 
been expected to be a de- 
.cisioirtaidng summit, but as 
events turned out it probably 
could have been. 

She regards it has highly 
encouraging that it got so dose 
to possibly momentous de- 
cisions - 

Support by the British Gov- 
ernment for the American 
^ position was underlined yes- 

said had shown that ST was ««^^La4yYouiw, deputy 
a™, foreign secretary, in the House 

tional Security Agency and 

Mr Larry Speakcs, the 
White House spokesman, said 
all comments by officials 
would be on the record. Any- 
one who spoke on a back- 
ground basis did not represent 
Administration thinking. Se- 
nior officials such as admiral 
John Poindexter, the national 
security adviser who normally 
avoids all press comment, 
have been telephoning US 
newspapers offering them- 
selves for interview. 

MrShultz said the President 
wanted to make what hap- 
pened in Iceland known so 
that people all over the world 
over would have the informa- 
tion and could make up their 

The clear aim. however, is 
to counter the Soviet battle for 
US and European public opin- 
ion. This is especially im- 
portant here as the midterm 
congressional elections ap- 
proach, and the Republicans 
are anxious to put the best 
“spin” on the summit to 
prevent the democrats taking 
advantage of the breakdown. 

Mr Viktor Karpov’s tour of 
European capitals has re- 
ceived extensive coverage 
here, though the US has 
refrained from comment on 
his remarks in London that 
there could still be a separate 
INF agreement. 

Photograph, page 9 
Leading article, page 21 

possible to approach agree- 
ments that would lay the 
beginning to the elimination 
of nuclear weapons. 

President Anbosin said that 
Mr Gorbachov had repeated 
the Kremlin's determination 

to stand by the offers it made _ . . ... „ . . 

to President Reagan in Ice- Tuesday by Mr I^ipov about 
land. “But everything is a tire posabraty of a separate 
package. It is impossible io deal onEuropean land-based 

of Lords. She said that the 
Soviet move at Reykjavik, to 
make arms control agree- 
ments. dependent on the 
timi ta tio n of research on foe 
SDL was a sfep backwards. 

Referring to a statement on 

single anything out,” - Senor 
Alfonsin he said. 

Mr Gorbachov's stand was 
seen by diplomats here as 
contradicting suggestions 
made m London by Mr Viktor 
Karpov, his senior arms nego- 
tiator, when he fainted earlier 
this week that a separate deal 
on cuffing medium-range mis- 
siles in Europe was passible 
without direct linkage to the 
demand that Star Wars re- 
search be restricted to foe 

weapons, she said she hoped 
the Russians would confirm it 
at the negotiating table in 

Lady Young said foal some 
good news had come out of foe 
summit. “We are encouraged 
by the apparent detenmnation 
on both sides to build on the 
progress already ‘made. To- 
gether with the united States 
and our other allies we will 
seek to maintain the mo- 
mentum that has been gen- 
erated at Reykjavik.” 

Three dead 
in attack 
on airliner 

Iraqi military aircraft at- 
tacked an Iranian airliner on 
foe ground yesterday as pas- 
sengers were disembarking, 
killing three people, according 
to foe Iranian news agency 
INRA. The report, received in 
London, said 30 people were 

It said the Iran Air Boeing 
727 was discharging pas- 
sengers at Shiraz, 440 miles 
south of Tehran, when it was 

In Baghdad, a military 
communique issued earlier 
said Iraqi planes destroyed 23 
US-made C-130 transport 
planes on the ground at Shiraz 
air base yesterday. 

It was the second time in 
eight months that Iran had 
accused Iraq of attacking a 
civil airliner. 

Assad support, page 13 

British vehicle makers 
in talks with Russia 

By GnugSeton 

Russian vehicle manufact- 
urers are discussing possible 
joint ventures with British 
companies, it was revealed 
yesterday at the International 
Motor Show in Birmingham. 

Mr Victor Ivanov, head of 
the Russian trade delegation, 
said: “We want to increase 
trade between foe two coun- 
tries by 40 to SO per cent, 
which was in the agreement 
between Mr Gorbachov and 
Mrs Thatcher in 1984.” 

This year 20,000 Russian- 
made Lada cars will be reg- 
istered- Mr Ivanov said it was 
hoped this figure could double 
over foe next few years as new 
models are introduced. 

He said: “We may also start 
selling trucks in Britain. 

General Motors might have 
seen the market too difficult, 
but wc can think in terms of 
selling in smaller volumes.” 

Ley land Trucks announced 
yesterday that it had won a 
£20 million order for 1,300 

Bund Transportation have 
decided to change its local 
collection and distribution 
fleet from mainly Bedford 
trucks to Leyland trucks over 
the next three years. 

The new order follows the 
decision of General Motors to 
close its Bedford subsidiary. 

Lotus said that a decision 
on whether to build a new 
plant on Humberside or in 
Holland will be made by foe 
end of the month. 

The company, which was 
taken over by General Motors 
in January, wants to open a 

new manufacturing facility 
away from iis Norfolk plant. 
Mr Mike Kimberley, chief 
executive and managing direc- 
tor. said he favoured 

Asian visas are 
not racist, says 
Home Office 

fv ■•■■t ... j- : iv.1t 

Royal tea tasting: The Queen samples a local brew daring 
her colourful and unrestrained welcome to Shanghai 

A riot of 
colour for 
the Queen 

From Alan Hamilton 

Shanghai has little good 
reason to remember foe Brit- 
ish with any fondness, even if 
Nod Coward did write Private 
Lives in foe Cathay Mansions, 
now renamed foe Peace Hotel 
But this wildly over-popu- 
lated am bill lives its life on 
the streets, and also likes to 
regard itself as the most 
sophisticated, urbane and out- 
ward-looking city in China. 

Not only do they recognisea 
good piece of street theatre 
when they see one. they form a 
potential audience of six mil- 
lion in foe inner city akme. 

Which is why foe Queen 
experienced one of the most 
remarkable walkabouts of her 
life yesterday when she ven- 
tured on foot among foe stews 
of foe old Chinese city of 
Shanghai, and even her of 
tidal press spokesman was 
prepared to admit that several 
millions had turned out to see 

Late last night, there were 
still an estimated two million 
people packing the waterfront 
They strained fora sight of foe 
Royal Marines Band beating 
retreat on foe quayside, or of 
foe Queen herself flashing 
on her way to bed from a Su 
banquet on the Royal yacht at 
which her presence lured foe 
Chinese President away from 
his capital city to dine for foe 
first time at a foreign table. 

It was in startling contrast 
to foe first two days of her 
State visit to the most popu- 
lous nation on earth spent in 
Peking, where foe general 
public was largely excluded 
from any sight of her. 

She noticed foe difference 
the moment she stepped from 
her British Airways Tristar at 
Shanghai airport. At Peking, 
there had been formal hand- 
shakes and ferocious smiles, 
admittedly of a high dip- 
lomatic order. 

Continued on page 24, col I 

Red Army 
in token 
Kabul exit 

By Nicholas Beestou 

The Red Army began 
withdrawing the first of 8,000 
soldiers from Aghanistian yes- 
terday, but foe Soviet Union 
warned that further reductions 
would depend on a political 
solution to tire six-year war. 

General -Nikolai Chervov of 
the General Staff 1 and Mr 
Vyacheslav Mflushxn, head of 
foie Soviet Foreign Ministry's 
Afehan department, said foe 
first of six regiments had 
begun the first phase of 

The puB-ojrt, which fa ex- 
pected to be completed by foe 
end of the month, involves 
one armoured division, two 
motorized regiments and 
three antiaircraft units. 

Western experts estimate 
that foe Soviet Union will stin 
have nearly 110,000 troops 
left in foe country and are 
quick to point out font the 
rebel forces do not possess any 
aircraft so the withdrawal win 
not alter the strategic balance: 

“If ou ts id e interf e rence and 
mtenreotion fadSscountinued, 
the armed forces of Afghani- 
stan can tackle all the prob- 
lems independently,” said 
General Chervov. But be 
warned: “If intervention goes 
on, the Soviet Union will not 
let down its neighbour.” 

The announcement co- 
incided with reports from 
neighbouring Pakistan that 
foe US Agency for Inter- 
national Development is plan- 
ning to launch a “humani- 
tarian aid programme” for 
ami -communist resistance 
fighters operating in 

The scheme, to be started 
later this year, will consist of 
money and “non-lethaP sup- 
plies including US military 
surplus bools and sleeping 

In Kabul' senior Afghan 
Continued cm page 24, col 1 

Back pay for miners 

The National Coal Board 
yesterday agreed to give back 
pay to 60,000 miners who 
went, on strike - just a month 
after saying they would only 
receive an increase from 
September 1. 

The £20 million decision 
will be regarded as a major 
coup for Mr Arthur Scaigill 
president .. of ihe National 

Union of Mineworkers. 

When Sir Robert Haslam, 
the chairman of British Coal 
imposed last month, without 
NUM agreement, immediate 
pay rises for foe industry of £8 
a week, it was understood that 
only miners who worked dur- 
ing the strike would receive 
the increase back-dated to 

Bar calls for jail video links to save court time 

By Finances Gibb 
Legal Affairs 

Prisoners would be able to 
commm unicate direct with 
judges and magistrates from 
their cells via live video links, 
between prisons and courts 
under proposals which have 
been put forward by the Bar. 

The novel idea, suggested as 
a way of cutting costs in the 
overburdened -criminal justice 
system, is that judges and 
magistrates could interview 
remand prisoners in their cells 
by means of an imaginative 
use of modern technology. 

Prisoners and warders 
would be relieved of foe 
arduous burden of weekly 

trips to court for further 
remand hearings: they could 
simply agree to another week 
in the cells virtually at foe 
switch of a burton. 

The idea has been pul to the 
Lord Chancellor's officials 
who are looking at ways to 
make the legal aid scheme 
more cost-effective. One pro- 
posal under consideration fa 
to replace weekly remand 
hearings by monthly ones: but 
foe Bar's idea is rather more 

At the same time it has 
mooted proposals for two-way 
electronic, - links between 
courts and court users — law- 
yers. . prison and probation 
staff - to improve court 

-The Government at present 
seems favourably inclined to- 
wards an increasing use of 
video in foe courts. 

It has just announced it mil 
legislate to allow the taking of 
evidence from abroad via live 
video links for serious fraud 
trials, as proposed by the 
Roskill committee, and the 
use of videos for hearing 
evidence in child abuse cases. 

Mr Henry Brooke. QC, 
chairman of the senate com- 
puter committee, said the idea 
of video links with prisoners 
was being tested m California. 

“Instead of prisoners being 
hoiked out of their ceUs and 
spending hours hanging 
around court, foe judge just 

chats with them in their cells”, 
he said. 

Electronic listing of cases is 
rather nearer a reality. Already 
there are pilot projects in four 
London crown omuls where 
court lists are drawn up and 
“faxed” via Lawtel and then 
Prestd to conn users. 

Another project starting 
soon will involve three 

g rovincial court centres. 

dun lists will be carried 
direct via Telecom Gold to 
selected lawyers, police and 
probation staff using elec- 
tronic mail boxes. 

Government officials 
Mr Justice Neill 


ing l 

iiored by a new joint informa- 
tion technology committee 
between the profession and 

But, Mr Brooke says, they 
provide for information to be 
fed one way only. “More 
chambers are using computers 
for accounts and it is probably 
only a matter of time before 
we have two-way finks in 
which a barrister can inform 
the court direct that his chief 
witness will not be available 
for foe hearing.” 

Instead of foe need for court 
hearings which result in 
adjournments with hundreds 
of pounds wasted on judges, 
prison officers, police and 
lawyers, he says it could all be 
done “from the office”. 

Mr David Waddington, the 
Home Office Minister, said 
yesterday that be was “ab- 
solutely sure” that the Gov- 
ernment had taken the correct 
decision in imposing visa 
restrictions on Asians seeking 
to enter Britain. 

The minister made his re- 
marks at a press conference 
held after visiting Heathrow's 
crowded immigration halls 
where 600 Asians are waiting 

to see whether they will be 
allowed in. 

Mr Waddington refuted an 
accusation by the Indian 
Prime Minister. Mr Rajiv 
Gandhi, that the new visa 
requirements for immigrants 
from the Indian sub-continent 
was racist. 

“It is nonsense to talk about 
racism when it has not been 
applied to the West Indies and 
many other third world 
countries”. Mr Waddington 

"The restriction applies to 
the Indian sub-continent be- 
cause that is where most of the 
attempted illegal immigrants 
come from. 

“I am absolutely sure wc 
have taken the correct de- 
cision and everything that has 
happened in the past 48-hours 
proves how right we have 

“Wc have seen masses of 
young men. mainly from 
Bangladesh, arrive at 
Heathrow whose claims to 
enter this country’ as visitors 
fa. to put it mildly, tenuous 
and whose claims need most 
careful examination. 

“It fa better if their claims 
are examined and processed 
before they leave their own 

Immigration staff at 
Heathrow reported yesterday 
that more than 1 00 
Bangladeshis had decided to 
return to their native country 
rather than spend another 
night either in the custody of 

the airport authorities or ax 
hotels at a cost of £30. The 
bills are paid by the Home 

The volunteers joined 30 
forcibly repatriated passengers 
on a flight hack to Dhaka. 

Mr Geoff Hicks, a spokes- 
man for the Immigration Ser- 
vices Union, which represents 
most of the immigration staff 
at Heathrow, said: “They 
probably realized they would 
not have been allowed, how- 
ever long they waited." 

About 400 short-term vis- 
itors have already absconded 
and there are "now 1.500 

people with temporary ad- 
mission \ isas in the country, 
some of whom are expected by 
the more cynical immigration 
officers never to return to their 
native countries. 

Since foe announcement 
that the visas were being 
introduced on October 15, 
extra aircraft from Dhaka 
have been carrying in thou- 
sands of Bangladeshis to 
London, including many 
young men with no British 

The first Asian to fall foul of 
the l isa requirements was a 
Pakistani army major who 
arrived on a flight from Can- 
ada at 7.50am yesterday . 

He had apparently wanted 
to have a short stop-over 
before returning to Pakistan. 
He was judged by immigra- 
tion officials to have known of 
the new visa requirement and 
was refused entry. 

Meanwhile, passengers on 
ihe first two flights from the 
Indian sub-continent after the 
visa restrictions came into 
force passed through immigra- 
tion almost without difficulty. 

Of 443 passengers who ar- 
rived from Dhaka and Bom- 
bay. only a few did not have 
visas and of these only one is 
expected to be refused entry to 

Gandhi attack, page 16 

Military spending hits 
British research plans 

By Pearce Wright Science Editor 

British academic research, 
including foe search for a 
vaccine to combat Aids, is 
hampered because a large 
percentage ofthe money avail- 
able fa allocated to military 

This fa one of the conclu- 
sions to be drawn from two 
studies released yesterday by 
the main advisers to the 
Government on the allocation 
of money for basic research in 
universities and other aca- 
demic centres. 

One of them concludes that 
British scientists are already 
losing their international 
sianding. The other shows 
that foe United Kingdom is 
being outpaced by France, 

Germany. Japan and the 
United States in spending on 
research in general. 

Total research spending in 
the U.K. is over £4087 mil- 
lion. bui only £792 million of 
that goes towards advance- 
ment of science research 
which covers subjects ranging 
from engineering and astron- 
omy to genetics and new 

Reporting on foe emigra- 
tion of senior British research 
workers, the Royal Society 
found foai the number of 
fellows of the society living 
abroad had risen from 80 in 
I960 to 215 this year. 

fnicrnath ‘/mi/ Comparison or 
Govtrnnnnr Funding of ,-loi- 
dvnuc and Acadvmiccdtv Re- 
land Research. Science Policy 
Research Unit. Sussex Univer- 
sity, £12.00. Evaluation of na- 
tional performance in basic 
research . Royal Society. £14.00: 






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French get lamb 
spraying protest 


Stalker case man accuses poUce chief 

The Government formally protested yesterday to France 
about the illegal secure of 300 British lambs at PartneBay, 
near Poitiers (John Young writes). ... . 

They were reported to hare been b m wwm aw tomes 
and sprayed with Lindane, a chemical nsei in sheep 
dipping, which wiD prevent them being sold at market for 
two months. . 

The incident follows last week’s seizure of two lorry 
loads of lamb carcases by fanners protesting about cheap 
imports. French fanners have also destroyed imports from 
other countries. Yesterday a hmry carrying Irish beef was 
reported to lave been intercepted in the Piitiers area, lit® 
protesters sprayed the carcases, valued at some £20,000, 
with oil and attempted to set fire to them. 

Mr James. Chief Constable 
for Greater Manchester, is to 
face charges of conspiracy to 
pervert the course ofjustice. . 

The charges are bong made 
in a private prosecution by Mr 

It is nearly two months 
since Mr Stalker was re- 
instated as deputy chief con- 
stable. after being cleared of 
discrediting the police. 

The charges against Mr 

Kevin Taylor, the business- Andrnon were disclosed yes- 
man who was at the centre of today at the beginning of a 
the John Stalker affair. u5 - fc * v *~* -"♦*«* *•» Mr 

High Court action by Mr 

Mr Taylor is to cake the Taylor to be allowed to see 
police chief and two other internal police documents 

officers to court as pan of his 
campaign to clear his name 
and to find out why he is soil 

used to obtain a search war- 
rant against him. 

Mr Taylor’s counsel. Mr 

being investigated by the po- Robin de Wilde, told Mr 
— Justice Scott that magistrates 

Irish fear 

Lost fees 

Hurd wants 

More than half the peo- 
ple in Northern Ireland 
consider nuclear power sta- 
tions are dangerous, while 
just 5 per cent view them as 
safe, a survey published 
yesterday discloses. 

The survey, which is the 
first on unclear power in 
the province, says only 15 
per cent of Ulster people 
would want a nuclear plant 
in Northern Ireland, with 
more than seven out of 10 

A total of 1,170 adnlts 
were interviewed in August 
and September, after the 
Osewobyl disaster had in- 
creased fears. 


Independent schools 
could lose pupils and rev- 
enue a$ a result of the 
Government’s technology 
colleges scheme, an educa- 
tion expert predicted 

Professor Ted Wragg, of 
Exeter University school of 
education, said Che new 
schools, which will charge 
no fees, would be attractive 
to parents who have diffi- 
culty affording private 

Independent schools 
with precarious financial 
outlooks could be hard-hit 
by the new competition, be 

EEC help in 

war on drug 


By Michael Evans, Whitehall Correspondent 

Sealink dispute over 

The Sealink ferry dispute ended yesterday with the 
National Union of Seamen accepting a reduced number of 
job losses and redundancy vfnpto £36,000 for its members. 

By tomorrow all ferries should be operating normally. 

Under the agreement, most of the 316 jobs which were to 
have gone after the company’s merger with British Channel 
Island Ferries have been saved. 

Mr Sam McClnskie, assistant general secretary of the 
NUS. said: “Instead of a 316 job less we reckon it will be 
jest in excess of 160. We conclude that this dispute is now 

The officers nnfon, Nmaast, has also reached agreement 

Currie on 

Mrs Edwina Currie, ju- 
nior health minister, said 
yesterday that smokers 
•‘should give op and bite 
their nails instead”. 

Mrs Currie, who out- 
. raged northerners with 
claims that ignorance was 
responsible for iU-heatth in 
their region, also had some 
advice for drinkers. 

The junior minister, 
whose Derbyshire Sooth 
• constituency includes the 
brewery town of Barton on 
Trent, suggested that peo- 
. pie shedki walk to the 
public house, stay sober 
and walk home. 

Report on guns issue 

Mr Peter Wright, Chid" Constable of Sooth Yorkshire, 
is to report to his police committee after the shooting in- 
cident involving Mr lan Wood, a Sheffield solicitor. 

Mr Bill Michie. Labour MP for Heeley, Sheffield, wants 
tiie chief constable to give an asssnnce that adequate 
safeguards exist on the issue of firearms certificates. 

Mr Wood, aged 37, is awaiting extradition from France 
after bis mistress and her daughter were found dead from 
gunshot wounds. A local gun dealer has said that he warned 
police that Mr Wood was too emotionally unstable to hold 
a firearms certificate. 

Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary, is deter- 
mined to win EEC support for 
a new drive against drug 
trafficking and organized 

His hopes come after the 
wholehearted backing he re- 
ceived for stronger counter- 
terrorist measures three weeks 

Officials at the Home Office 
have been meeting their 
counterparts from other EEC 
countries this week to draw up 
a range of measures which will 

be discussed by the European 
interior ministers in London 
next Monday. 

A policy programme on 
drug traffickers for adoption 
by all EEC Governments will 
be at the top of the agenda. 

The British proposals in- 
clude tighter controls at ex- 
ternal frontiers, severe punish- 
ment for traffickers who are 
caught and convicted and 
confiscation of their assets 
acquired through drug deal- 

Mr Hurd will also call on 
the other EEC interior min- 
isters to encourage maximum 
co-operation between the dif- 
ferent law-enforcement agen- 

It is hoped that everyone at 
the meeting next week will 
agree to - increase the number 
of drugs liaison officers posted 
to Europe and to the produc- 
ing areas such as South Amer- 
ica and the Indian sub- 
continent, to. improve the 
exchange of information and 

Britain has so far sent one 
police officer on liaison duties 
to Amsterdam and three to the 
Caribbean and South Amer- 
ica. There are also two cus- 
toms men in Pakistan and two 
more bound for India; and 
two officers, either from the 
police or customs, are due to 
be posted to Western Europe. 

All of them are on tours of 
duty lasting up to three years, 
similar to diplomats at the 
Foreign Office. 

Mr Hurd, who will be 
chairman of the interior 
ministers’ meeting because of 
Britain's current presidency of 

the European Council of Min- 
isters, will emphasize also the 
need for greater co-operation 
to combat organized crime. 

He will remind the EEC 
ministers that in Britain next 
year there will be new legisla- 
tion to ease present restric- 
tions on the extradition of 
wanted criminals. There will 
fll*n be new powers for the 
courts to make confiscation 
orders when the Criminal 
Justice Bill becomes law. 

As part of the process of 
improving resources for 
combating organized crime, 
Scotland Yard has recently 
transferred responsibility for 
this area to the Specialist 
Operations Support branch, 
headed by Deputy Assistant 
Commissioner Michael 

The interior ministers’ 
meeting will also review the 
steps taken at the so-called 
Trevi Group of ministers 
three weeks ago. which deah 
exclusively with terrorism. 

Wapping police 
‘preserve rights’ 

Mr Hurd told Metropolitan 
Police officers yesterday that 
their role during the Wapping 
dispute had been widely mis- 
represented (Our Home Af- 
fairs Correspondent writes). 

“The need for your presence 
arises because there are people 
bent on exploiting the dispute 
to stage a confrontation with 
the police. This is nothing to 
do with traditional trades 
unionism or peaceful 
picketing,* 1 he told the force's 
federated ranks. 

He said: “You are not there 
to help one ride in an indus- 
trial dispute. You are there 

simply to preserve public 
order and the rights of in- 

dividual citizens.” 

Mr Hurd recalled the “hor- 
rific disorders” in Brixton and 
Tottenham just over a year 

“The Tottenham riot amply 
demonstrated your need for 
new protective equipment and 
1 quickly authorized its pur- 
chase last July”, be said. 

The hist day of Christmas 
my true kite seal 10 me 
\ partridge in a pear tree. 

The second d*y of Quisnnis 
my irac love sem tome 
Two rarde doves. 

The third day of Quauuaa 
my mie love sew to me 
Three french beas. 

The fourth day of Christmas 
my true kne sent to me 
Four colly birds. 


Gaffev Tranter Presses are awtilshfc from Efcorical andWnmwwrSi^s andjbe Ekciricai, Clothes Can: ur Mcaswear departments of oil good sores. __ 

T 'Ttjrdcmb^jwffk^ CnihyaockHB write to John Cocby Limited* FREEPOST, Andover, Hampshire SPIO 5BR. or Telephoto: Andover («»4) 55577. (No»Ump retpuedT 


at But. Lancashire, issued 
summonses on Tuesday 
against Mr Anderton atm two 
officers. Det Chief Supt Top- 
ping and Det Insp Anthony 

He said the charges allege 
the three officers caused raise 
information to be laid beforea 
magistrate on May 7 when 
warrants were obtained for a 
search of Mr Taylor’s home 
and business premises. 

Mr de Wilde said he and his 
client wished to see the docu- 
ments to see if they had a case 

against the police for abuse of Taylor's cUro i **££&*: 
SoSer. trespass to land and ter police have behaved ra»- , 
property and abuse of the properly towards him. 
process of law. in a sworn affitdavil read 

On the information they ^ Court. Mr Taylor 
bad so for it may be the he had been friends with 
warrant against Mr Taylor was Mr stalker since they were 

improperly obtained by the p^gbbours in 1972 . 

police- . • He said Mr Stalker was a 

But they could not be sure __ pf -integrity, devoted to 
until they tad seen what . qqI j re service”. Mr Taylor 

infoimaiion theMtae wed to wpo ^ ^ t0 

use their friendship. 

have protection from giving _ The Hi$h Courts decision 
ihe information and deny Mr is expected today. 

Drive on 
safety in 

By Sheila Gann 
and John Winder 

PC Andrew Tomfinson, who tackled man with knife. 

Judge praises courage 
of police ‘supermen’ 

Two London policemen were 
described as “supermen” by a 
judge at the Central Criminal 
Court yesterday for the way 
they tackled a “very 
dangerous” man wielding a 
carving knife. 

PC Andrew Tomlinson, 
aged 20, was lucky to survive 
when the knife was plunged 
into his -back, and PC John 
Wharton, aged 26, fearlessly 
“had a go” In spite of being 
threatened with death. 

Judge Hazan, QC, said: 
“Your selfless devotion to duty 
showed a disregard 

for your own safety. It is 

supermen like yon who have to 
keep our streets safe.” 

Judge Hazan ordered that 
Windsor OrgOl, aged 26, un- 
employed, of Qoeensway, 
PnMingtoa, west London, 
should be detained ind e finitely 
in a maximum security hos- 
pHaL He was convicted of 

PC Tomlinson had only 
been in the Metropolitan Po- 
lice for a year when he tackled 
Oig31 in Paddington while on 
night duty with PC Horton 
last December. He thought he 
was “a goner”, he tow die 

tries to 

Warning by BBC 
to Tory critics 

By Martin Ffetcher 
Political Reporter 
The Labour Party faced new 
embarrassment over tiit Mili- 
tant Tendency last night as 
one of its longest-serving MPs 
promised to tight off a resigna- 
tion demand from his Mili- 
tant-infiltrated local party. 

Mr Janies Turn, MP for 
Redcar for 22 years, declared 
that he would refuse to bow to 
a demand to stand down 
within nine days. 

The resignation call has 
come from his constituency 
party's general management 
committee. Mr Turn, aged 63, 
refuses to recognize the 
committee, claiming irregular- 
ities in the affiliation and 
election of delegates. 

The committee agreed yes- 
terday that if Mr Turn did not 

The BBC hit back last night 
at party political criticism of 
its operations when Lord 
Barnett, vice-chairman, 
wanted MPs that if they were 
not careful they could destroy 

fair and thoughtless criticism 
of the BBC is that these sort of 
attacks could seriously under- 
mine the morale of the many 
excellent professionals we are 
fortunate to be able to employ 
in the BBC 

“All I ask of the politicians 
and public figures of this 
country is that they for their 
part should ensure their criti- 
cism is fair and balanced. For 
if they are not careful they 
could destroy a truly indepen- 
dent institution: one which 1 
believe plays a vital role in 
preserving the very demo- 
cratic society which all of us 
care so passionately about.” 

Lord Barnett's diplomati- 
cally-worded rebuke osten- 
sibly encompassed all parties, 
but at Westminster it was seen 
as an attack on Tory MPs, 
increasingly vociferous in 
their complaints about alleged 
left-wing bias. 

But there are Tory back- 
benchers and Cabinet min- 
isters who believe that Mr 
Tebbit's attacks an the 
corporation are counter- 
productive and ill-judged. 

One minister said the To- 
ries would be better off wait- 
ing patiently for natural 
wastage to replace the lefush 
Sixties-educated generation 
running many of its pro- 
grammes with newcomers 
more sympathetic to right- 
wing thinking. 

the corporation. 

Lord Barnett, a former La- 
bour minister, was speaking 
with the full approval of Mr 
Marmaduke Hussey, former 
chief executive of Times 
Newspapers, who takes over 
as chairman early next month. 

His speech to the Common- 
wealth Broadcasting Associ- 
ation in Edinburgh was 
officially released by the BBC 
press office and billed as a 
warning of “the effects of 
political pressure on the 

It came as Conservative 
Central Office, at the prompt- 
ing of Mr Norman Tebbit, 
theparty chairman, was 
putting the final touches to an 
official complaint about al- 
leged bias in the corporation's 
coverage of a “major news 
event”, believed to be the 
, aftermath of the US raid on 

Lord Barnett said: “I have 
to say to my friends and 
colleagues on all sides of the 
House of Commons that they 
are bringing the kind of pres- 
sure to bear that could have a 
serious and unintended im- 
pact on a great institution. 

“Whichever political party 

resign by October 24, ft. would 
ask Labour's national exec- 
utive committee to start a new 
selection procedure. 

Mr Tinn has asked the 
national executive to conduct 
an inquiry into the Redcar 

Mrs Kay O’Neill, secretary 
of the constituency party, 
yesterday denied that Mr Tinn 
was the victim of a left-wing 
ploL “There was an 81 per 
cent vote of no confidence 
from a wide cross-section,” 
she said. 

Militant has taken over the 
South Bank branch of the local 
party in Cleveland, and is 
increasing its control 

happens to be in power at any 
given time, the Government 

Takeover rumour 

Christie’s denies challenge 

Christie’s, the world s sec- 
ond largest art auctioneers, 

that they aright be taken over 
by Phillips, which occupies 
third place as if the latter 
company was an impertinent 
mosquito. “The board of 
Christie’s announce,” they 
told the Stock Exchaage,“that 
they have received no such 
approach and that the com- 
pany has not recently been 
notified of any new disdosable 
shareholding." The share 
price, which had soared to 
£3.n on a report in Tile Daily 
Telegraph that Phillips in- 
tended to bid, fell back to 

The mosquito, however, 
continued to buzz, issuing a 
quaint, historic chaUcsee. 
“Harry 'Phillips worked fa 
Christie’s before establishing 
his own firm m 1796,” it 
pointed out “Phillips today 
has J8 salerooms id Britain, 

more than any other auc- 
tioneer, and is operational 
abroad. The board of Phillips 
considers that the interests of 
its clients are paramount and, 
of course, looks at the interests 
of hs shareholders in seeking 
to expand in world markets. At 
this time, the board has been 
advised not to comment fur- 
ther on the report.” 

Phillips is a registered 
partnership and its Operating 
figures are not made public. 
During the 1985-86 season its 
turnover was £57 million, com- 
pared with Christie's £365 
motion. The general opinion in 
the art market yesterday was 
that it did not have the 
financial muscle to take over 
"big brother” although it 
seems dear that it has been 
thinking about it It was said 
that a more serious bid fw 
Christie’S was on its way from 
the United States. 

The present ownership of 

in labour 
6 locked-up 
in cell’ 

■ .Miss Lynne Mandand. foe 
mother of a baby who died 
white she was serving a prison 
sentence, vM an inquest yes- 
terday that she was locked m a 
cell while suffering severe 
labour pams - 

Hours taler she was told she 
was being taken- to 
Whittington Hospital, but 
claims sne had to wait another 
hour and 20 minute* at 
Holloway Prison for trans- 

Miss Lynne Maryland, aged 
30. of Clare Road. Maiden- 

The Government may be 
forced to tighten the health 
and safety standards in hos- 
pitals after a resounding defeat 
to the National Health Service 
(Amendment) Bill in the 
House of Lords last night. 

The Bfll brings NHS kitch- 
ens under health and safety 
legislation, but the Lords ap- 
proved an amendment, which 
was supp o rted by opposition 
parties, to remove crown 
immunity from all hospitals, 
clinics and other NHS build- 

The Government would 
usually attempt to reverse the 
decision when the Bill returns 
to the Commons, but unless 
the Bill is on the statute book 
by early November, the end of 
the parliamentary session, it 
will be lost 

If the amendment was de- 
feated in the Commons, the 
Lords would be likely to defeat 
the Government again. 

Government sources pre- 
dicted last night that a con- 
cession would be offered to 
prevent another defeat in the 

The amendment was ap- 
proved by 1 10 votes to 86, the 
100th defeat inflicted on the 
Government in the Lords 
since 1979. 

Supporters of the move to 
widen the scope of the Bill said 
afterwards they were deter- 
mined to win some tighter 
controls on standards 
throughout hospitals, not just 
in kitchens. 

By Nicholas Wood, Potitfeal Reporter 

: hit back last night feels the BBC is unfair to 
ilitical criticism of them. My concern about un- 

Christie's is fairly well de- 
fended, although it is consid- 
ered likely to change daring 
the next year or so. The 
defence was built into the 
share structure when 
Christie’s went public in 1973. 
The “A" shares, largely 
owned by directors of the firm 
and their families, are re- 
quired to vote as a Mock and 
own 32ii per cent of the 

There are two large outside 
shareholders, both deemd to 
be friendly to the company; 
while both are held through 
nominees it is fairly well 
known that Shaikh Nasser is 
the owner of 12 per cent and 
Vivien Dufiteld, daughter of 
the late Sir Charles Clore, of 4 
four per cent Thos, more than 
40 per cent of the shares are 
heM by parties who will work 
dosely together. 

Sate room, page 22 

head. Berkshire, told tbejury 
at Si Pancras Coroner’s Court 
foal she believed the reason 
for the delay was lack of staff. ' 

Her baby girl died 33 min- 
utes after a caesarean opera?, 
lion on June 29. following It 
hours oflabour. 

Miss Marsland has a daugh- 
ter. aged six. who was born oy . 
caesarean section and had 
suffered other troubled preg- 
nancies. She claims she was 
told she would go into hospital 
ias soon as she went into 

But she said that when the 
pains started she was simply 
transferred from a fiv<>4)ed 
dormitory into a locked single 

Dr John Porter, a medical 
officer at the hospiiaL said she 
had been on drugs and should 
have gone into hospital a* 
soon as labour started. 

Miss Lucy Odubanju. a 
midwife, denied Miss 

Mars/and was locked up all 
dav and said there had been 

day and said there had been 
no cause for anxiety during 
the day. 

Coroner Dr Douglas Cham- 
bers described care at the 
prison as - "hardly 
materoalistic*' but he added; 
“Miss Marsland had all .the 
usual ante-natal care and was 
not neglected.” 

The jury returned a verdict 
of naturafcauscs. 




Lord Ennals. a former La- 
bour Secretary of State for 
Social Services, argued that 
there was little logic in (foaling 
only with kitchens. 

The Bill was brought in after 
19 people died in an outbreak 
of food poisoning at the 
Stanley Royd hospital Wake- 
field. West Yorkshire. 

By Peter Davenport 
Defence Correspondent 

Royal Ordnance, the slate- 
owned arms maker, should 
not be sold to the private 
sector, but should remain an 
essential mamnacturing- de- 
fence for Britain, according to 
a report publishfid yesterday. 

The report, prepared for the 
Ordnance mnions by Mr 
David Greenwood, director of 
theCentre for Defence Studies 
at Aberdeen University, says 
that the armaments and 
equipment factories would 
not be more efficient if 

The report was released as 
1! leading companies in- 
terested in the IS remaining 
factories arc studying 
confidential sales 


The Government wants to 
sell all the factories as a single 
package and would put con- 
straints on the splitting up of 
the company at a later dtate. 
Among interested buyers, who 
must be British to protect the 
strategic capacity of Ord- 
nance. are British Aerospace, 
IC1, GKN, GEC and Plessey. 

Mr Jack Dromey, secretaiy 
of the Ordnance unions, wel- 
comed the report yesterday, 
saying that the Government 
had been showing a “cavalier 
disregard for our defence and 
strategic interests”. 

‘Falcon chicks 
smuggled in 
shirt pockets’ 

Customs men heard birds 
tweeting when they searched 
smugglers bringing rare eggs 
into Britain, a court was tud 

The sound came from 27 
lannar falcon eggs hidden, in 
secret pockets stitched into?-., 
shirts the suspects were wear- 
ing. it was alleged at Cardiff 
Crown Court. 

The noisy falcon chicks 
were inside eggs which were 
nearly ready to hatch when 
they were brought through thc 
“nothing to declare” tection at. 
Manchester international air- 
port from Morocco, the court 
was told. 

Ceri Griffiths. 'aged.' 43, 
owner of the Welsh Hawking 
Centre at Barry, South Wales, 
has admitted illegally import- 
ing the 27 eggs. 

Mr David Martin, a Civil 
Servant, aged-41, of Uan- 
gewydd. near Bridgend, Mid 
Glamorgan, denies the o£ 
fence. Mrs Norma Munrp. 
aged 34. also of the centre, 
who was to have been tried, 
was not present for medical 

The case continues today- 


The photograph on page 24 in 
later editions yesterday, 
showed a security officer, not . 
a Customs official as stated, 1 
examining passports. 



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I still love girl who 

carried time bomb, 
ifeSSPiffi Jells court 

yesterday for the BiliV 01 ^ t0 Syria in January 1985 to hao^ 3 * •* S 80 5P oe,v lP ci iS?5 
allMM in il. ine Sin h e is report on the “B here in London. It bad 

human “F*. ** a Afro-Ara b U SI Assart™ wheels with handles and zips 

xkE&m 'E*®® 

Mr Hnujbwj. ^ *2i •*«.» H ona fy Movement for Na- 



Mr HindaWf. aged S to,d H , Mo Y eraral for Na- 
toe Central CrimiSl Courier jL ona ! Salval,0ll » to look after 
still love her, and I will lew? Hlf-i ,nterests . of Jordanian 
her forever.” love studying abroad. 

Mr Hindawi, who has de_ hJ«2i - yn ?0 vhile at 30 
nied using Ann Murnhv ^ ote m „^ am ascus he met a 
pregnant ff ri fiiSSin ™ ?£! raUed *“«* Dandesh. 
attempt to bomb the Isral5 ^ 7 i & hUife 

&=**« evident^ ^Ser. SPenlaUeaSt13 

inn »«*« ~ Mr Hindawi said that Mr 


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6 He had discussed 
drug smuggling with 
a man he met while 
on a trip to Syria 9 

in April. He still denies trying 
to blow up the aircraft. 

He told the court that be 
had never been allowed to talk 
to his girl friend or see her 
since his arrest. He was re- 
minded by bis counsel, Mr 
Gilbert Gray. QC, of Miss 
Murphys outburst in court 
Iasi week, when she called him. 
a bastard, and told him she 
could kill him. 

Mr Hindawi said he bad 
been a journalist all his life, 
and had written for a news- 
paper in Jordan, and was the 
British correspondent for El - 

He told the court that after 
he came to England in i 979 be 
had met a Polish ghi at a 
language schooL He had mar- 
ried her in Britain in 1981 but 
she had returned to Poland 
during the period of martial 

Asked by Mr Gray if he had 
any religious beliefs, Mr 
Hindawi replied: “Yes I do, I 
am a Muslim.” 

He said he met Miss Mur- 
phy in 1984 when she was 
working at the Hilton hotel in 
London. Miss Murphy be- 
came pregnant for the first 
time in 1985 but lost the baby. 

Speaking sometimes 
through an interpreter and at 
other times in broken English, 

The man in Damascus 
started talking about drugs — 
hash and cocaine — and 
smuggling and selling it, Mr 
Hindawi said 

“He was talking about their 
lifestyle. He said if you got 
cocaine and sold it over there 
you will have a very good life 
and lots of money. He men- 
tioned $250,000. 1 thought it 
was a fantastic idea." 

Mr Hindawi told the jury 
the man asked him if he knew 
anyone with a European pass- 
port explaining it would be 
better to have a European one 
for smuggling purposes. Mr 
Hindawi said he then returned 
to London. 

Two weeks later he returned 
to Syria and saw Mr Dandesh 
again. He agreed to smuggle 
drugs. “I told him I could not 
use my name or my passport 
as I was a journalist He gave 
me the Syrian one saying he 
was concerned about my 

“He said he would get roe a 
passport with a visa on It — a 
Syrian needs a visa to come to 

Mr Hindawi told the jury 
Dandesh had also given him 
about $15,000. When be re- 
turned to England, he said 
Miss Murphy saw the money 
while in her room in London. 

Before he left Syria, Mr 
Hindawi said that Mr 
Dandesh told him to. find 
someone to smuggle a bag 
with drugs in. 

Mr Hindawi said that Mr 
Dandesh had shown him a bag 

secret place where the drugs 
would be stored inside." 

Mr Hindawi claimed that he 
had admitted possessing a gun 
and ammunition because he 
had been given them by a man 
named Keder 

**I was given the gun to keep 
for two weeks for Keder. I did 
not ask why he did not keep it 
himself. I lode rt from him 
and put it in my girl friend’s 

' "It was there for about 10 
days when I gave it to another 
man — Mohammed Fadda. I 
asked him to keep it for two 
weeks until I came back to 
lake it." 

Mr Dandesh had told him 
he would give him money 
later in Syria. 

He said he had given Miss 
Murphy the name of a 
woman, Angela, which Mr 
Dandesh bad given him, who 
would meet her in Tel Aviv. 

Mr Hindawi told Miss Mur- 
phy he was going to Jordan 

# He told her he 
would meet her and 
they would get 
married in Jordan 9 

and would meet her on the 
East Bank. He showed her the 
border crossing point on a 

Asked. by Mr Gray what be 
hoped would happen after 
that, Mr Hindawi replied: “To 
get married in Jordan." 

He said that be was plan- 
ning to get a Syrian Airways 
flight six hours after Miss 
Murphy's flight. 

Mr Dandesh bad given him 
a calculator to put m the bag 
and showed him how it 
worked. “He said you put the 
battery inside the calculator 
and this calculator is just to 
protect from the X-ray 

When Mr Gray said that the 
prosecution had suggested he 
was sending the pregnant 
woman to her death, Mr 
Hindawi replied: “It was not 
the truth, ever." 

The trial was adjourned 
until today. 

* . 

»?■ . 

All that stands between the 
prize lobsters of North Wales 
and a disastrous decline are a 
pair of soft brown eyes and. 
some engineer's callipers (Mi- 
chad McCarthy writes). 

Both belong to Miss Greta 
Jones, the fishery officer for 
the Lleya peninsular in Gwyn- 
edd, who is photographed 
patrolling the beaches. 

She is an on common woman 
with a degree in medieval 
Welsh history, a great love of 
the open air ami an even 
greater responsibility for the 
fish of the sea, all the way from 
Bangor round to Barmouth. 

Lobsters from the once rich 
waters of Lleyn are of particu- 
lar concern to Miss Jones, 
aged 28, who lives in a cottage 
overlooking the sea at 
LJanbedrog, near Pwllheli. 

‘They are definitely 
declining," she says. “No oae 
is quite sure why. Bat at least 
we can make sure that the 
EECs lower size limits are 
strictly observed." 

Miss Jones checks sizes 
precisely with a pair of 
engineer's callipers she car- 
ries. In her four years as 
fishery officer she has brought 
several prosecutions (Photo- 
graph: Graham Wood). 

Second man jailed 
for high-tech sales 

By Michael Evans, Whitehall Correspondent 

The second British 
businessman in two days to be 
sent to jail for selling banned 
high technology equipment to 
Soviet bloc countries was 
sentenced to 12 months' 
imprisonment yesterday. 

Peter Kempa shipped 
sophisticated electronics and 
computer equipment to Aus- 
tria and Switzerland but its 
eventual destination was Po- 
land, Hungary and Czecho- 
slovakia, Acton Crown Court 
was told. 

Kempa, aged 47, a business- 
man, from Ealing, west 
London, was convicted on 
five charges of illegally export- 
ing high-technology equip- 
ment worth £130.000, 
including integrated printed 
circuits which could have 
military applications. 

On Monday, a computer 
engineer, Alan Simmons, was 
jailed at Bristol Crown Court 
for illegally exporting com- 

puter equipment worth mil- 
lions of pounds to the Soviet 

The two cases are among a 
number of prosecutions for 
high-technology smuggling 
which arc due to come before 
the courts in the next few 

The drive by Customs to 
hum down British business- 
men involved in illegal sales 
of high-technology equipment 
to the Soviet bloc was given 
special impetus three years 
ago when a committee was set 
up, under the auspices of the 
Prime Minister, after pressure 
from the United States. 

American customs officers 
traced the smuggling trail 
through many countries and 
established that Britain was a 
key staging post in the chain. 

Customs said yesterday that 
they had brought nine success- 
ful cases of high-technology 
smuggling to court in the past 
18 months. 

for Bristol 

By Gavin Bell 

The Bristol Old Vic is to 
form a multi-racial theatre 
company, only weeks after 
racial disturbances in the city. 

Mr Leon Rubin, the the- 
atre’s new artistic director, 
said he hoped that the venture 
would help to bring together 
the various local communities 
in a theatrical environment, 
although it was not a direct 
response to the recent 

“It is a concept I have been 
working on for a couple of 
years, and it just so happens it 
is getting off the ground now. I 
prefer to call it a poly-cultural, 
rather than a multi-racial 
company, since the aim is to 
draw from diverse cultural 
backgrounds," he said. 

Auditioning would begin 
shortly for about 10 actors of 
Aft o-Ca rib bean, Asian. Chi- 
nese and Irish as well as 
Anglo-Saxon origin. 

m — ; 

£8,000 win j 
for shop | 
assistant i 

A semi-retired shop assts- * 
tarn from Ealing in 7 

London is the outright winner • 
of yesterdaj \ £8,(HH) Portfolio \ 
Gold prize. * 

Mrs Felicia Brooks, a 
widow aged 68. has been } 
reading The Timex fur more 
than 10 years and was do- * 
lighted with her big win. T 

She sa\s she will use the ■ 
money to pay ofT her mortgage * 
and keep the remainder as | 
savings for when sbe is fully t 
retired. * 

Sbe is hoping that her son. ; 
an accountant, will be able to r 
offer some good advice on the \ 
best investment for the rest of i 
the prize money. 

Readers who wish to to play 2 
the game can obtain a Port- 
folio Gold card by sending a ! 
stamped addressed envelope \ 

Portfolio Gold. " 

The Times, “ 

PO Box 40. 

Blackburn. BBt 6AJ. * 

Man is being 
questioned on 
London rapes 

A Scotland Yard squad set 
np to hunt a multiple sex 
attacker dubbed “the Pntney 
rapi5t“ arrested a man in 
London yesierday and were 
questioning him last night. 

Detectives detained the nun 
aged 22 at his home in 
Collier's Wood, south-west 
London, after an investigation 
lasting seven weeks. 

He was being questioned 
about at least 18 rapes and 
other sexual attacks in south- 
west Loudon this year. 

The man being hunted by 
the squad, led by Dct Sop! 
Frank Dove, has been terroriz- 
ing women since January L 
when he raped a women, aged 
23, in Tooting. 

in heart 

By Pearce Wright, 
Science Editor 

The number of patients 
treated for high blood pressure 
almost doubled in the past 15 
years and those who suffered 
heart attacks rose by 14 per 
cent There was also an in- 
crease of nearly 70 per cent in 
the number of cases of gout 
during the same period. 

This pattern of illness, dis- 
closed by the reports of 143 
doctors in 48 practices caring 
for more than 330,000 people, 
was compiled in a study to 
compare conditions found in 
two previous analyses. 

Details of the current situa- 
tion shows a decline of 40 per 
cent in the number of patients 
suffering from diseases of the 
blood, particularly iron defi- 
ciency anaemia. 

There was an apparent drop 
in the number of patients who 
consulted their doctor for 
mental illness, anxiety and 
depression. But the report 
attributed that trend more to 
an alteration in the way 
groups of people were clas- 

Other diseases on the in- 
crease during the past 15 years 
included an 85 per cent rise in 
asthma. 79 per cent in hay 
fever and 57 per cent in 
diabetes., . . . 

Morbidity statistics from 
general practice 1981- 
&?l(Tbird National Study, Sta- 
tionery Office, £15.90). 

Middle path 
in ale choice 

. Beer tasters from the Cam- 
paign for Real Ale (Camra), 
have diplomatically avoided 
arguments between the North 
and South in this year’s best 
beer awards. 

Camra has awarded the best 
standard bitter prize to 
Brakspear's, of Henley-on- 
Thames, Oxfordshire, and the 
best premium bitter prize to 
Bateman's, of Wainfleet, 

Bamber was caln 
after bodies found 

By Michael Morshell 

. An hour after being told by 
police of the slaughter of five 
members of his family Jeremy 
Bamber announced he was 
starving and cooked himself a 
breakfast of fried bacon, toast 
and coffee, a crown court was 
toid yesterday. 

Police, who had accompa- 
nied him to his home five 
miles from the .scene of the 
killings at White House Farm 
in Tolleshunt D’Arcy, Essex, 
on August 7 last year, said he 
appeared calm and even jovial 
later on. 

The story of Mr Bamber's 
alleged demeanour was told 
by police witnesses to Chelms- 
ford Crown Court on the tenth 
day of his murder trial. 

His appearance in the wit- 
ness box was postponed until 
today after the jury accepted 
an option by the judge not to 
begin hearing his evidence last 

Yesterday they heard state- 
ments allegedly made by Mr 
Bamber. aged 25, to the police 
before and after his arrest 

Police witnesses told how 
on the day of the killings Mr 
Bamber authorized them to 
remove and destroy blood 
stained items found in his 
parents' elegant eighteenth 
century farmhouse. 

And the jury was told bow 
Mr Bamber allegedly asked 
two days after the massacre if 
police could give the sequence 
in which his family died 

because according to legal 
advice he had received this 
could affect his parents’ wills. 

In lengthy interviews with 
the police between September 
10 and 12 Mr Bamber said 
that his girl friend. Miss Julie 
Mugford, who went to police 
about him on September 4 | 
was a persistent liar. 

Asked to give a reason for 
which sbe might have lied Mr 
Bamber allegedly replied: 
“Jilted love was the main one. 
She has lost me and if she 
could pul me behind bars 
nobody else could have me 

Nevertheless, the jury was 
told of a note which Mr 
Bamber tried to send her when 
questioned by police on 
September 8 last year. 

Del Sgt Michael Barlow said | 
that Mr Bamber handed him t 
note addressed to his girl I 
friend, v 

In it he allegedly wrote: “HI 
Darling, hope this gets to you 
from Stalag 13. Thinking 
about you. Sorry we’re split- 
ting up. 1 love you. Stinker.' 

Mr Bamber, who denies 
kilting his adoptive parents. 
Nevill and June Bamber, both 
aged 61, his sister, Mrs Sheila 
GaffeU, aged 27. and her twin 
sons, aged six, was finally 
arrested on September 29 last 
year after returning from a 
holiday in France. 

The trial continues today. 

Backlog of debt cases 

Creditors are resorting to 
do-it-yourself justice to collect 
debts because of impatience 
with court delays, according to 
Civil Service union leaders 
(Frances Gibb writes). 

The backlog of cases has 
become so bad that creditors 
are not prepared to wait for 
court orders, according to Mr 
Philip Green, a spokesman for 
the Civil and Public Services 
Association (CPSA) at Read- 
ing, Berkshire, where there are 

326 cases waiting to be heard] 
at crown court. 

He said yesterday: “Debtors 
are being subjected to a series 
of threats and tactics which 
would never be allowed if the 
money was being collected by 
the courts.” 

Since 1979 there had been a 
65 per cent rise in crown court 
workloads and court staff 
feared that they could not 
keep the system going much 
longer, be added. 

Dream voyage with Disney touch 

A bored Belgian teenager 
took a 23ft ferry boat from a 
port in Cornwall, and set sail 
for America to fnlffl a dream, a 
court was told yesterday. 

But Paul Damn’s high jinks 
on the high seas ended after 
just 50 miles and a rescue 
operation costing more than 
£ 2 ^ 00 . 

Magistrates at Liskeard, 
Cornwall, were told that 
Danao, aged 17, fed up with 
life in a Belgian biscuit fac- 
tory, set off on his four-day 
escapade early i n O ctober, 
drea ming of opportunity and 


by jetfoiL, he travelled to 
Cornwall and took the £15,000 
passenger ferry Tamsin from 
Pobnan. For the 3,000-mile. 
voyage he had just 20 hows of 
fuel, £7 fn cash and a few 
pence in Belgian currency. 

Danan, aged 17, of BeerseL 
Belgium, was fined £175 after 
pleading guilty 7 to taking the 
boat and a 13ft dory tied 
alongside, without the owner's 
consent. Mr David Gfttins, for 
the prosecution, said Danan 
was picked up about seven 
miles from The lizard in 
anoperation in wiring Royal 
Navy and police helicopters 
and a coastguard cutter. 

After crossing the Channel Mr Andrew Deakin, for the in 

defence, said Damn's story 
was one Walt Disney would 
have been proud to have 
written. “He wanted more out 
of life, he wanted to put some 
sparkle into ft." 

He said that Damn had 
first headed for Ostend, 
crossed to Dover, caught a 
train to Plymouth, then 
walked 40 miles to 
Polruan-When asked why he 
took tiie ferry, Danan had 
said: “I had a. dream". Mr 
Deakin said: “It says a lot for 
the boat rather than the sailor 
that he was alive when they s$i 
to him. He was beading 
through one of the most 
stretches of water 

0-210m in just six weeks. 

No wonder we broke all previous records^ 

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would telL 6 weeks did it: the results eclipsed all expectations. In fact, it was the biggest bond launch ever. Throughout 5 


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Health service 
review scheme 
to take in all 


By JiB Sherman 

. The National Health Ser- 
k'yice performance review 

review sys- 
tem, recently announced for 
Britain's 800 general man- 
agers. is to be extended to 
o cover 50,000 health service 
^management staff during the 
-next three years. 

Mr ten Peach, the newly 
appointed chief executive of 
-..the NHS management board, 
-gaid yesterday that the pay 
^related scheme should cover 
Jail management staff includ- 
' mg domestic and catering 

The review is linked with 
«1ive pay bands, which will 
^enable a general manager to 

The system involves giving 
managers specific targets. 
Each manager is regularly 
reviewed by the person with 
whom the objectives are set 
There is also a second level 
assessment by a “grand- 
parent” figure, to provide a 
degree of equity. For example, 
the district general manager 

will be reviewed by die district 
the regional 

as the 

.get a 20 per cent pay rise over 

s jve years, if he achieves or 
..exceeds his objectives. Man- 
agers on the fifth band — 
•^"unsatisfactory” - will not 
' get the annual pay award. 

A Addressing a conference 
;hdd by the Institute of Health 
•^Services Management, Mr 
^ Peach said that he would also 
-Uke to see doctors opt for the 
"same system. “Junior doctors 
-have said that they don't get 
.sufficient feedback on their 
‘'performance,” he said. 

,, “I would like to think 
^.professional groups will be 
."■asking for this extension.” 

chairman with 
general manager 
Mr Peach said yesterday: 
“Many groups have criticized 
the scheme saying only . 800 
people are going to gain. Let us 
test it on the 800 first If it 
works then there is the 
opportunity to spread it to 
other people.” 

At present the pay of other 
health service Staff, apart from 
those covered by pay review 
bodies, such as doctors and 
nurses, is annually negotiated 
through the Whitley Council. 

Mr Douglas Hague, presi- 
dent of the Institute of Health 
Services Management, criti- 
cized the banding system. He 
said it was based on “total 
success” and ignored the feet 
that general managers were in 
the risk business and were 
bound to have failures. 

Three local 
Mrs Jean 

, of Sam[ . 
The event is 

, B Mrs Marion Pratt (centre) and 

u Devon, which was yesterday awarded the smaD' village trophy by Princess Anne, 
by the Keep Britain Tidy Grasp (Photograph: John Manning) 

il organizers of the Beantifnl Britain in Bloom competition, Mr Ro y Haw, 

Deaths prompt new rules for toys and bunks 

By David Cross 

The Government is to ban 
long-haired toys, after the 
death of a baby who swal- 
lowed nylon hairs, from a 
horse which had been made in 
Taiwan. It is also to introduce 
new safety rules for bunk beds 
to stop children from trapping 
their heads between rails. 

Mr Michael Howard, a min- 
ister at the Department of 
Trade and Industry, said that 

there bad recently been “a 
proliferation of toys with hair, 
some of which are badly made 
and present a potential chok- 
ing hazard to very young 

The new legislation would 
prohibit the supply of toys 
with hair of more than 40mm 
in length if tiny foiled a test on 
hair retention. « 

But because the new rules 

were unlikely to come into 
effect until next summer at the 
earliest, Mr Howard called on 
suppliers and parents to ex- 
ercise extreme vigilance, 
particularly during the pre- 
Christmas spending spree. 

Four days before Christmas 
last • year, Alexander 
Kettlewefl, aged five months, 
from Leeds, died after strands 

from the mane of a musical 
toy caught in his throat 
Outlining his plans for safer 
bunk beds, Mr Howard said 
there were models on fee 
market with guard rails which 
were too far apart There had 
been accidents, some of them 
fetal, in which children, 
mostly aged between two and 
six, h ad slipped through and 
trapped their heads. 



The Ford Transit is the overwhelming choice 
of security companies and ambulance services. 

That explains the gold bullion and intensive 
care patients so where do Mrs Prowse and her 
kettle fit in? 

Well, Mrs. Prowse is a sprightly 68. SheS lived 
for the past 50 odd years in a tiny farm cottage in 
deepest Cornwall. 

Its so far off the beaten track that she cant 
exactly pop out to the shops that often. So Mis. 
Prowse is a regular customer of Kay's mail order 
catalogue, part of Great Universal Stores pic 

Tne distribution aim of the G.US. group of 
companies is called White Arrow Each year they 
deliver a phenomenal number of parcels to towns 
and villages throughout the U.K. 

To achieve this end White Arrow run a fleet 
of 2,000 vans. 

Every one of them is a Ford Transit 
' In the course of a year White Arrow reckon 
that each of their Transits travels 25,000 miles. 
This gives an annual mileage figure for their fleet 
of around 50 million miles. 

The man with the responsibility tor those 
50 million miles is White Arrows Fleet Director 
As you would expect he*s the constant focus 
of attention for all Transits competitors, and he 
knows a great deal about the van market 

"We test models of just about every other 
similar panel van, buttheuansit has always proved 
the better vehide. All costs are recorded on com- 
puter. Every singje mile is logged and has been 
since 1968. The Transit comes top in everything? 

- A satisfied customer indeed. 

And he adds, “we're delighted with the new 
Ford Transit and plan to progressively replace our 

entire fleet with the new mode? 

But White Arrow don't only serve the needs 
of the G.US. group. They also make deliveries for 
many other companies. 

I n the words of John Abbertey theirManagjng 
Director; “White Arrow are specialists in pared 
delivery to home and business, challenging for the 
number one position in parcel distribution." 

And in aiming for tnat number one position 
they’re driving Britain^ number one van. 

Ife a van designed to surpass the almost 
legendary achievements of the old Ford Transit 
(Whilst still retaining all the classic Transit traits.) 

The new Transit boasts even more loadspace, 
even higher levels of cab comfort and significantly 

improved fuel economy. 

Naturally, rts available in a wide range of 
derivatives, all of which can be specified with the 

world beating 23 direct injection diesel engine 
And although we're proud to number the 
police; ambulance; security and motoring rescue 
services amongst the many Transit users, we really 
couldn't hope for a better seal of approval than 
that of White Arrow and Mrs Prowse 



Ministers hoping 
to build on 

Reykjavik talks 


The Governnwai JkI 
the meeting in Reykjavik be- 
tween President Rwo and Mr 
Gorbachov as a fetlnre and me 
next steps were tobuiM on what 
had been achieved. Lady. 
Minister of Statt ForagnMO 
Commonwealth smd m a 

statement to the House ot 

^Sbe said that Reykjavik had 
• not been originally designed as a 
{brum for the con clusion oi 
major antis control agreements. 
That both sides used it to get so 
dose to that goal proof ot 

the value of the mee ting and of 
the commitment to progress of 
the United States and the Soviet 

The unity of the Atlantic 
Alliance had been a major actor 
in bringing the Soviet Union to 
the negotiating table rad in 
impelling it so for down the road 
towards aims control agree- 
ments. Its unity would not be 
affected by the outcome at 
Reykjavik. . . . 

In reply to questions, she said 
that Mrs Thatcher had made it 
dear to Mr Gorbachov feat she 
looked forward to visiung the 
Soviet Union in the first half of 
next year and that the outcome 
of the summit did not aflect this. 
A date was still to be discussed. 

Lord Oedwyn of Pwrtws, lead- 
er of the Opposition peers, said 
that fee whole world was acutely 
interested and deeply involved. 
As the summit had developed it 
bad become plain that it was far 
more than preparat ory, pav ing 
the way to a conference in 
Washington. Far reaching pro- 
posals of an encouraging kind 
had been on the table. 

Remarkable progress .ap- 
peared to have been made in a 
short time and that was why 
news of failure was so profound 
a disappointment to everyone, 
it seemed a glorious and histone 
chance had been missed. 

Now the mood seemed to 

the Russians were working on 
their own SDI rad ffso why wn 
it not brought lo the conference 
tabic? Why had the 3om 
Union not been pressed to make 
disclosures in me same detail 
and in the same manner as the 
United States? 

Were there any specific 
undertakings on human rights 
and Afghanistan? 

what were the pres ent p roi- 
pects for a summit meeting in 


Was the Prime Minister 

intending to visit Wa ^ ^ ^o 

for discussions with 

Reagan, and if so whn would be 
the main objectives? , 

Lord Rennet, for the Alliance, 
said that President Reagan in 
refusing to admit dtsensnoo on 
his freedom to test and deploy 
SDI. had announced his men- 
non to breach or more likely to 
denounce the anti-baUistic mis- 
sile treaty. 

If the Government w now 
to bock Mr Reagan’s belief feat 
testing oT SDI was worth the 
losing of an agreement, would n 
spell out what it saw as the 
apparently overwhelming bene- 
fit for Europe and the world? 

They had w develop a proper 
European foreign and defence 
policy which could allow Bntam 
to be present at negotiations 
affecting British lives. 

Lady Young said the negotia- 
rions at Geneva should continue 
so that there could be further 
progress towards ag reement . It 
would not be appropriate for her 
to go into detail on what Mr 
Karpov had said in Lo n don. 
The position was that the Rus- 
sians had agreed at the Geneva 
summit that a deal on inter- 
nuclear forces 

mediate-range m 

could and should be negotiated 

without reference to 

weapons or to space issues. — 
Government hoped the, Rus- 
sians would confirm, the 
commitment to a separate 
ag ree m ent. 

There bad been Soviet re- 
search programmes since fee 
sixties on anti-ballistic missile 

have changed again from one of defences around Moscow* They 
despair to one of modest hope, were the only type in existence 
“Let us hope we are not grasping in the world and feqr were beiog 
at straws." he said, “but that upgraded. 

260 HUT 

President Reagan and Mr 
Gorbachov now appear to be 
saying that Reykjavik was not a 
failure." • 

Would Lady Young confirm 
that the situation was now fluid 
and that tire Government’s dear 
objective should be to work 
strenuously for some con- 
structive outcome? 

Would the Government 
undertake to press for some of 
the Reykjavik proposals to be 
transferred to Geneva for early 
and detailed discussion? Was 
this not the view of Britain’s 
European Nato part ne rs? Did 
Mr Karpov, the Soviet nego- 
tiator at the Geneva talks, tell 
the Prime Minister that agree- 
ment could be readied on 
medium-range missiles in- 
dependently of the SDI argu- 
ment which seemed to have 
stultified agreement at the 

Was there dear evidence that 


On Afghanistan, the ' mast 
helpful move by the Soviet 
Union would be a rapid and 
complete withdrawal 

So for the prospects for a 
further Washington summit 
were not dear, but they hoped 
that Mr Gorbachov would pick 
up the outstanding invitation to 
visit the United States this year. 
She was not in a position to 
comment on Mrs Thatcher's 
plans to travel to Washington, 
but they were in constant touch 
with their American affies cm 
this as with many other issues. 

Government defeated 

on health amendment 

The Government was defeated 
for the hundredth time since 
1979 in the House of Lords 
when an amendment removing 
Grown immunity for health and 
safety legislation from health 
authorities was carried by 1 10 
votes to 86 — majority against 
the Government, 24. 

The amendment to the National 
Health Service (Amendment) 
Bill was moved by Lord Eanmb 
(Lab) who welcomed the 
Government decision, incor- 
porated in the Bill. that hospital 
kitchens should no longer be 
covered by Crown immunity 
but said that that did not go far 

There was little logic in 
dealing only with kitchens and 
catering departments when 
other major pans of the NHS 
would still be granted Crown 
immunity. That was anomalous 
and the present opportunity 
should be taken to resolve the 
position. The largest national 
health service in the world 
should not be outside health and 
safely legislation. 

Lady Tnnniringtea, Under Sec- 

retary of State for Health and 
Social Security, said that it w» 
neither the time nor the Bill for 
an attempt to deal wife Crown 

Hospital authorities were 
already required to comply wife 
health and safety legislation and 
there were adequate safeguards 
to ensure that they did. 

Lord Boyd-Carpenter (C) asked 
whether, if this was the wrong 
time and fee wrong Bill, hadfee 
Government got it in mind to 
do it or something tike it in 

Lord Denning said he fidt the 
same unease as Lord Boyd- 
Carpenter and asked whether 
there was any reason to 
distinguish between private 
hospitals and the NHS. 

Lady Trampmgtea said: *Tf we 
stan mucking about wife Crown 
immunity on a piecemeal ad 
hoc basis, as we go along, it 
needs for more consultation." 
Lord Ennals said it might be on 
Lady T rumpingion’s conscience 
if Crown immunity -wav- not 
removed and something bap* 
pened. ... 

Hallowe’en import 
frightening old people 

By Our Parliamentary Staff 
House of Lords trick or treat by mafcfag if an 
offence to use ' 


yesterday went straight from 
the silent reverence of their 
own customs - the 
intro duction of a new peer 
with all the undent robed 
solemnity — to the nlmnct 
equally solemn consideration 
of the reimportation from 
America of the custom of 
“trick or treat”, which 
increasingly marks 
Hallowe'en nowadays mWAafl 
lof the turnip parties of 

In good time for 
Hallowe'en, on October 31. 
Viscount St David asked 
what was the legal status of 
the “recently imported 
H allow e'en trick-or-treat 
custom of demanding money 
on threat of playing a nasty 
trick, now being used by 
yoflths to Obtain money Irani 
old people and others”. 

The new Minister of State 
at the Home Office, the Eari 
of Caithness, admitted that 
there was no law against the 
custom, as such, and raised 
what passes for a cheer in the 
upper House when he added 
that it would be exaggerated 
to introduce one. 

It tamed out that ft was 
also unnecessary because the 
new Public Older Bill was 
about to outlaw the more 
extreme manifestations of 


disorderly behaviour 
caused harassment, alarm or 

tord St Davids thought 
that a very good answer 
because oM people could say 
u No“ to demands for a 
“Penny for the guy” tat 
found it difficult when they 
might then have a trick 
played on them. 

His concern extended to 
the perpetrators of the bids, 
too. They were not hot 
teenagers, he said, but my 
small children who . wot- 
going round the streeteWeat j 
night and going into' strange 
houses. Ask the education 
authorities to disconrage 
he told the minister. 

But the minister, himself a 
tether of two, was baring 
none of that approach the 
parents and remind them of 
their responsibilities was his 
advice. Hallowe'en was stffl 
often being observed with a 
sense of humour and he was 
all in favour of that ’ 

He tokl LordMisbcon that, 
while he had heard no 
complaints about trick or 
treat from the poticer Age 
Concern and some Mft had 
raised the matter with the 
Home Office. 

New Peer 

Lords Decdes, fonneriy Sr 
William Decdes, editor of The 
Daily Telegraph. - was 
introduced in the House of 

Parliament today 

Lords (31 Financial Services 
Bill report stage. 




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Cut-price air travel for 

companies guaranteed 
by change in the rules 



Firms Which »nj * bmj EHioU- Air CorresDoiidmf. 

sate2?.3*ri«hii TT — ~ — 

Cheap flights 

for business 


Jickeis. They will also be able 
J9 | . ne 89{. ,a * e direct with the 


Authority ^ wants ^• t jg 
wtmls to be available on S 
international fares, with the 
benefit being pased to the 
customer rather than the 
travel agent. 

Travel agents, who now get 

up to 10 per cent commission 
on any air ticket they sen. are 
to fight the plans, which are 
due to take effect in three 

At present, airlines can give 
discounts only to travel agents 
and may not, under inter- 
national law, charge pas- 
sengers less than the approved 

During the past few years, 
however, an increasing num- 
ber of ‘under the counter’ 
deals have been struck be- 
tween big companies and their 
travel agents in which pan of 
that commission is pa«yyd qh. 

The CAA. which has so far 
turned a blind eye to these 
deals, now wants to formalize 
the arrangement by making 
the procedure legal. 

The Association of British 
Travel Agents said last night 
that it would fight the plan in 
the three weeks remaining 
before the proposals become 
law. “It flies totally in the face 
of everything we have been 
telling the CAA." 
man said. 

-AA." a spokes- 

Au independent airline aims 
to attract business travellers 
by undercutting British Air- 
«ays fey up to 19 per cent on 
domestic air Cues. 

Ihitisb Midland Airways is 
Offering a “three-day return*’ 

to Glasgow or Edinburgh from 
Heathrow for £119 compared 
3 British Airways return 
of £144. The cost of a similar 
facta to Belfast is £112 com- 1 
pored with British Airways* 
price of £138. 

The new fores are aimed 
specifically at businessmen 
who, according to Mr Michael 
Bishop, British Midland's 
chairman, have been ewtndfd 
from cheap offers by all air- 
lines np to now. 

The offer comes as British 
Airways increase domestic 
fores by np to 8 per from 
November 1. 

“The whole travel agency 
industry is very competitive 
and travel agents don’t make 
much anyway on a ticket. 
The? get 9 per cent on 
international flights and 7'A 
per cent on domestic flights. 

“The practice of splitting 
the comission with the cus- 
tomer is certainly not wide- 
spread but the proposals by 
the CAA would mean that 
everyone would now want to 
eat further into the small 
return we do make," he said. 

The CAA is suggesting that 
any company which spends 

more than £100,000 on air 
travel in a year should be 
eligible to daim part of the 
commission but says that the 
figure could be “negotiable", 
with individual airlines free to 
set their own limit 

The new proposals would 
mainly benefit large com- 
panies who use more than one 
travel agent or who have not, 
until now. been aware that 
they can ask for a discount 

A company spending, for 
example, £200,000 a year on 
air travel — a figure easily 
reached by many firms with 
export potential — would be 
able to demand perhaps 5 per ! 
cent discount for themselves, 
with the rest of the saving j 
going to the agent This would 
cut their travel bill by £l 0.000 
a year. If they mainly fry to 
just one country ana use a 
single airline, they could save 
more by asking the airline for | 
a direct discount 

Mr Christopher Tugendbat 
chairman of the CAA, said: 
“This would allow bulk cus- 
tomers not ai present enjoy 
discounts to negotiate them in 
future and provide an addi- 
tional competitive stimulus 
within the industry." 

The proposals come after i 
consultation with airlines and 
travel agents earlier in the 
year, when strong objections 
to the scheme were lode 

But the CAA has override 

the objections and now looks 
certain to for malin the plan 
next month. 

£lm plane 
was once 
a ‘wreck’ 

An aircraft which is 30 years 
old and cost £500,000 when 
new has been sold for £1 
million (Harvey Elliott, Air 
Correspondent, writes). 

British Air Ferries has sold a 
Viscount, bought as a hulk 
three years ago. to the Swedish 
.airline, Baltic Aviation. 

The Viscount is regarded as 
one of Britain’s most success- 
ful aircraft. Since it was first 
produced in 1948 a total of 
445 have been sold around the 
world and they are now in 
ever increasing demand. The 
last Viscount rolled off the 
production line more than 28 
years ago, but ii is still going 
strong with its quiet interior 
and fuel efficient Rolls-Royce 

Since Viscount G-AVJB 
was bought by BAF as a wreck 
without engines it has under- 
gone extensive refurbishment 
and attracted worldwide in- 

It is ideal for the new 
operator who wants to keep 
costs to a minimum and even 
at £1 million compares more 
than favourably with a new 
Boeing 747, for example, 
which can cost as much as 
£100 million- 

Promise of 
better food 
on trains 

The traditional sansag p roll 
and pork pie have been ban- 
ished from Britain's trains, 
and passengers will increas- 
ingly be able to have food 
served to them at their seats 
(writes Rodney COwton). 

Dr John Pndeaux, Director 
of Intercity, says that he hopes 
at the same time to provide 
passengers with better food 
and service, and to eliminate 
the £5 million subsidy which 
. Intercity pays on catering 

Cream leas have been in- 
troduced on- west of England 
services, a bistro is to be found 
on the Birmingham route and 
on some services in Scotland 
there are Scottish menus. 

During the next year Dr 
Prideaux is hoping to provide 
trolley service offering drinks 
and snacks in second-class 
carriages, and to give a full 
meal service in all first-class 

Another aspect of British 
Rail’s modernization was car- 
ried forward yesterday when 
Mr John Moore. Secretary of 
State for Transport, opened a 
new depot at Newcastle upon 
Tyne as pan of the £300 
million electrification of the 
east coast rail route. 

Drug deals ‘admitted’ 

Lawrence Zephyr, who was 
trapped by police with Lord 
Blandford in a cocaine den, 
admitted he was a drugs 
dealer, it was claimed at 
Knightsbridge Crown Court 

Mr Zephyr, aged 53, made 
his confession, it was alleged, 
after police pounced -on the 
drugs den. below a men swear 
shop in Edgcware Road, north 
London, and found Lord 
Blandford. aged 30. 

Drug squad officers later 
raided Mr Zephyr’s flat in 
Golders Green Road, north 

London, and found £21 ,000 of 

Mr David Bate,for the de- 
fence. said that the police 
planted cocaine on Mr Zephyr 
and invented the 

Mr Zephyr, of Ashmore 
Road. Mai da Vale, west 
London, denies four charges 
of possessing and supplying 
cocaine, and four firearms 

Lord Blandford has pleaded 1 
guilty to a charge of 
possessing cocaine and will be 
sentenced later. 

The trial continues 

MP denies 





The Tory MP accused by a 
BBC Panorama programme of 
having links with the for right, 
told a jury in the High Gonrt 
yesterday: “lam not a racist." 

Mr NeS Hamflton, aged 37, 
MP for Tattoo, Cheshire, was 
giving evidence on the third 
day of a libel action m which 
he is suing the BBC and 
members if the Panorama 
team over a report called 
“Maggie's Militant 

He chins the broadcast, 
about infiltration of foe 
Conservative Party by extreme 
right-wingers, portrayed him 
as **a virulent racist, an anti- 
Semite, a Fascist and an 
opponent of democracy". 

The BBC, Mr Peter 
Ibbotson, editor of Panorama, 
Mr James Hogan, the pro- 
ducer, Mr Fred Emery, the 
presenter, and Mr Michael 
Cockerell, a reporter, deny 

Mr Ha m il t on told the jmy: 
“1 am not a racist in the sense 
that I befieve that a man is any 
better or worse for the colour 
of his skin. 

“I am aware, as we all are, of 
human differences and the 
differences which come about 
from haring grown Hp in states 
with radically different 
toms and systems." 

Mr Hamilton, who fives at 
St Maiy4e-P!ark Court, Al- 
bert midge Road, West- 
minster, - central London, 
agreed that he supported strict 
controls on the number of 
immigrants allowed into 

He said that his 
manifesto, when he stood 
the Bradford North constit- 
uency In 1979, indnded the 
statement that he was “against 
any farther large scale col- 
oured immigration". 

Mr Hamilton told foe jury 
thathe stood as a “spoof" 
candidate in foe 1972 election 
for President of foe Students' 
Union at University College, 

Asked by his counsel, Mr 
Richard Hartley, QC, what 
steps be took in the election 
hustings, be replied: “They 
certainly weren’t goose-steps. 

Mr Hamilton said that to 
bring more entertainment to 
foe election he provided some 
tiefat relief by malting a “spoof 
Nuremberg-type of speech". 

He arranged that when he 
entered an Section meeting, be 
would be accompanied by the 
dramatic opening bars of the 
Richard Strauss nrask used in 
foe film 2001. 

“I was dressed in an fee 
cream vendor’s jacket, deco- 
rated with a sash and crepe 
paper, and a lady’s cape, with 
an ordinary pair of trousers 
and shoes," be said. 

“I was accompanied by a 
number of rather sinister- 
looking colleagues wearing 
dark glasses and carrying 
water pistols." 

Mr Hamilton said that he 
did not make any Nazi 

Then you’ll appreciate Dry Fly 
the best sherry in fifty years. 

Answering a suggestion that 
there was a pktmeof him with 
his arm raised, Mr Hamilton 
said: “I am clutching a pair of 
i acknowledging foe 
I cheers of the amtience.” 

The trial continues today. 

Geldof award 

Bob GeldoC organizer of j 
Live Aid, is to be presented in 
Dublin today with a United 
Nations medal for his work to 
combat world hunger, by Dr 
Garret FitzGerald, foe Irish 
Republic's prime minister. 

and slapstick comedy to large scale battles. 

Youth job opportunities in tourism 

By Trudi McIntosh 
More unemployed young 
people should be encouraged 
to work for Britain's £10 
billion tourism industry, the 
country's biggest growth sec- 
tor, Lord Young of Graffham, 
Secretary of State for Employ- 
ment, said yesterday in 

Launching a national Tour- 
ism and Community Pro- 
gramme scheme, which will 
create 2^500 Community Pro- 
gramme places for the long- 
term unemployed. Lord 
Young challenged the tourism 
industry to double the number 
of places within the first year. 

He said that at least a third 

of young people who bad 
completed community pro- 
grammes in the tourism in- 
dustry were aide to obtain 
longterm work. 

"That is much higher than 
the national average, but more 
young people need to be 
encouraged to see the enor- 
mous potential in this ever- 
growing industry," Lord 
Young said. 

He added: “The British vice 
is that sometimes we confuse 
service with servile: In Ranee; 
being a waiter is considered an 
honourable profession, but 
there are parts of this country 
where foe opposite attitude 

Mr Duncan Bhick, chair- 
man of the English Tourist 
Board, said tourism was a big 
employer, with more than one 
million jobs, and creating new 
jobs at foe rate of 40,000 a year 
in England alone. 

However, in spite of the 
tourism boom, there was still a 
shortage of people m all 
sections of foe industry. 

“I constantly hear that 
employers in tourism centres 
and resorts around the coun- 
try cannot get enough people 
to fill the job vacancies." Mr 
Bluck added 

He said he was also con- 
cerned that there were many 

people in some areas of En- 
gland who considered that a 
job in the tourism industry 
“was less honourable than, for 
example. a job in 

“The tourism industry cre- 
ates jobs, more young people 
need to realize this." 

Under the new scheme, foe 
English Tourist Board and the 
Manpower Services Commis- 
sion will promote Community 
Programme tourism projects 
in five main areas. One thou- 
sand CP places will be created 
in Tourism Development Ac- 
tion Programmes already 
under way. 

Two are 
over IRA 

Two men were cleared at 
the Central Criminal Court 
yesterday of helping Patrick 
Magee, who was one of the 
Brighton bombers, and an- 
other IRA man to escape from 
police in Lancashire in 1983. 

Joseph Calvey, aged 38, and 
James Murray, aged 26, both 
building workers and orig- 
inally from Rosturk, Co 
Mayo, were accused of driving 
Magee and Patrick Murray to 
Newport. South Wales, from 
Preston after they narrowly 
evaded police: 

Magee and Patrick Murray 
made their way from Wales by 
ferry back to Ireland. Mr John 
Nutting, for the prosecution, 
alleged. ! 

M?gce and Patrick Murray 
had managed to give detec- 
tives the slip after a car chase 
which ended at Preston rail- 
way station. Police were tail- 
ing them after uncovering- a 
plot to blow up a public hoi& 
used by soldiers, foe Eagle add 
Child inn, near Weeton Army 

Magee and Patrick Murray 
were followed, but escaped on 
April 26. leaving their hired 
car. with its engine running 
and doors open, at Preston 

In the witness box. Mr 
Calvey, of Bristol Avenue. 
Farrington, Ley land arid 
James Murray, of Basil Street. 
Preston, said that they did not 
suspect that the two men they 
aided were on the run for a 
terrorist offence. 

The jury cleared the the two 
men of committing acts in- 
tended to pervert foe course of 
justice and failing to disclose 
information under the 
Prevention of Terrorism AcL 

Art for blind 

Britain’s first an exhibition 
for blind people, consisting of 
paintings with raised surfaces 
which they touch by hand, was 
hdd at Ipswich. Suffolk, yes- 







Ifyoa’re a pension fund manage*; you’ve got far 
more important things to do. 

Like manage your pension fund. 

Unfor tun a t ely most pension fhnd managers 
we talk to, have to spend- too much time worrying 
about AVCs and Buy-outs. . 

Which iswhy London Life have formed the 
Corporate Business Group. 

To save them the bother. 

The CBG consists experienced professionals 
who are there to relieve pension fimd managers from 

the tedious side of their job. 

Since we started, many pension fund managers 
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So theyVe had more time to make a success 
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And their careers. 

For further details fill in our coupon or ring 
Isobel Black on 0800 282 565. 



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-s ma> . 

Tbmst the British to run the 
best hotel in Europe 

The George V, Paris, voted by Executive Travel and ExpoteL 

Trust the British to win the 
Medalla de Oro al MeritoTuristico. 

The Gold medal for meritorious sendees to tourism awarded by King Juan Carlos of Spain. 

Trust the British to brew the 
best cuppa 

..... ’i . 

Awarded the Golden Tea Cup by the Tea Council and Milk Marketing Board. 

Trust the British to runThe 
Times best restaurant 

90 Park Lane chosen The Times Restaurant of the Year. 

Trust a British hotel to be 
best in New Y>rk 

Hotel Plaza Athenee, won the coveted American Automobile Association Four Diamond Award. 

Trusthouse Forte 


“y. ^ __ __ _ . m ,V m ■ . .m ' • _ T. * .* ^ m _ 


t ■■ 



I - 




. 'A 

Police told to 
include all 
home violence 
in statistics 




By Peter E 

Office and chief 
constables have acted to en- 
sure that crime statistics more 
accurately record the amount 
of domestic violence and rape 
reported to police. ^ 

Office circular, 
{SjSl ^ ^Association of 
Chief Police Officers, says that 

rape _ J compla,nts should be 
raqrded as "no crime” unless 
tne complainant retracts com- 
pletely and admits to febrica- 
uon. All domestic violence, 
where there has been a crim- 
inal offence, should be simi- 
larly recorded. 

According to a report now 
being studied by the Metro- 
politan police, the amount of 
domestic violence is being 
hidden because the police are 
not recording the extent of it. 

The findings, by Dr Susan 
Edwards, a research fellow at 
the Polytechnic of Central 
London, add to the con- 
troversy over the validity of 
police statistics. If the record- 
ing practice for domestic vi- 
olence were changed, the 
dear-up rate for it would felL 
. The new guidance on statis- 
tics is given along with advice 
on the treatment of rape 
victims and training of police 
officers. The circular endorses 
the main recommendations 
. dealing with police procedures 
in a report of the Women's 
National Commission last 
December, The commission is 
an advisoty body sponsored 
by the Cabinet Office. 

THe circular offers advice 
on improvement of the con- 

arranged m 
or doctors’ 

local hospitals 

“Where it is unavoidable to 
conduct examinations at a 
police station which does not 
have a special suite for the 
Purpose, chief officers will 
wish to ensure that these are 
earned out in appropriate 
facilities which provide an 
atmosphere that reduces stress 
and fosters care and concern, 
and protects the privacy of the 

Forces are encouraged to 
recruit more female police 
surgeons or other female doc- 
tors to help in such so 
that rape victims can be 
medically examined try a 
woman if they wish. 

“The value of specialist 
squads of women officers 
dealing exclusively with sex- 
ual offences against women 
and children will be drawn to 
the attention of chief officers.” 

The circular adds: “It wOI 
normally be desirable for vic- 
tims to be given information 
about issues such as the 
availability of pregnancy ad- 
vice, treatment for infections 
and for injuries, victims sup- 
port organizations, the pos- 
sible need for photographs 
and the criminal injuries 
compensation scheme." 

Mr Douglas Hogg, Par- 
liamentary Under Secretary at 
the Home Office, said: 
“Women who have suffered 
the ordeal of rape or who are 
victims of domestic violence 
need to know they will receive 

The coffin with an RAF cap and sword on top is carried past foe guard of honour. 

Salute to RAF pilot after 44 years 

By Ian Smith 
The guard of honour fired a 
salvo, a lone Spitfire flew at 
treestop height and titomoani- 
ers stood sfient in a tribute to a 
man who had been dead for 44 

The final solemn tribute was 
paid yesterday to Pilot Officer 
Charles “Bertie” Barber, of 
140 Squadron. 

His oak coffin, draped with 
a Union Jack, and with a 
sword of honour and a pilot 
officer’s peaked cap lying on 
top, was lain to rest in the 
churchyard at RAF 
Finmoglcy, South Yorkshire, 
at doom yesterday. 

Fall military honours were 
accorded the last Second 
World War hero to be buried 
before the introduction of the 
Military Remains Act which 
forbids further disturbance of 
war dead, wherever they fefl. 

Present at the service were 
the dead pitot's brother, 
friends from school as well as 
from the RAF and his former 
fiancee, now Mrs Margaret 
Butler, from Norwich, who 
stood at the graveside in cream 
sat and dark blue Mouse, 
holding her husband's haul 

H was shortly after noon on 
April 24, 1942, that Spitfire 

X4784 took off from RAF 
Benson, Oxfordshire, and flew 
at 35,000ft over the French 
coast taking photographs to 
help military intelligence in 
the build-«p to the D-Day 

It should have been a rou- 
tine recoo n aisance flight, a 
“piece of cake" few the pilot 
who wore his father's cnffljnks 
for good lock. 

But he did not return. 

His Spitfire crossed the 
white cliffs of Dover, lost 
height then crashed into 
marsh lam! near the river Rye 
in Sussex. 

The aircraft remained bur- 

ied in a marsh until two 
months ago when the pilot's 
remains, still lying in his 
cockpit, were recovered by a 
team from Tangmere Military 
Aviation Museum in West 

His brother, Mr Ray Bar- 
ber, aged 65, said after the 
burial service: “I feel so proud 
that at last I have been able to 
honour my brother. It is fitting 
he should be bud at rest next 
to other war hems." 

Later a a group of the dead 
man's closest friends went 
back to the grave and laid their 
own red wreath on top of the 
freshly dug earth. 

MPs oppose move 
to ‘bounce’ road 
into tunnel Bill 

By Martin Fletcher. Political Reporter 

represented a far quicker way 

of building an urgently needed 

Bui he was unable to reply, 
when Mr Alex Fletcher, the 
committee chairman, asked 
approximately how much 
lime would be saved. 

Mr Fitzgerald was equally 
vague about exact costs of the 
new road, prompting Mr Nick 
Raynsford. MPfor Fulham, lo 
say that it was “extraordinary 
that we are being asked to 
approve this and the depart- 
ment cannot give us costings 1 '. 

The new road and the 
Government's methods of 
achieving ii have been con- 
demned by numerous envir- 
onmental bodies. 

They fear that were the 
select ’committee to approve 
the road it would give the 
Government a precedent for 
by-passing public inquiries . 

• Solicitors acting for the 
Eurotunnel consortium have 
sent a letter of complaint to 
Flexilink. the umbrella 
organization opposing the 
tunnel, and to the Advertising 
Standards Authority. 

They are complaining about 
adveriisments placed by 
Flexilink in the quality press 
designed to undermine 
investors* confidence in the 

A government attempt to 
"bounce" MPs into accepting 
plans for a new road between 
Folkestone and Dover, by 
including it in the Channel 
Tunnel Bill, is almost certain 
to fail. 

The Depan mem of Trans- 
port is determined to build the 
road - an extension to the 
M20 motorway — although it 
would run through an area of 
outstanding natural beauty 
and its traffic forecasts arc 
highly contentious. 

By tagging the planned road 
onto the Channel Tunnel Bill 
the department would by-pass 
the need for a public inquiry. 

It emerged yesterday that a 
majority of MPs on the select 
committee on the Channel 
Tunnel Bill sec no reason why 
they should be asked to ap- 
prove the road, and they 
treated government sub- 
missions on the subject with 
open scepticism. 

Mr Peter Snape. a Labour 
transport spokesman, told the 
hearing: “If the Department of 
Transport wish to build this 
road it should go through the 
proper procedure instead of 
bouncing the committee. 1 for 
one intend to move that the 
proposal to extend the A 20 
eastward be deleted from the 

Mr Michael Fitzgerald. QC. 
for the Government, argued 
that the existing A20 road was 
highly dangerous and the Bill 

lunncl project. 

Flexilink, which represents 
Seal ink. European Ferries and 
others, ycstcraay promised a 
“robust" reply. 

dilions in which victims are " . a sympathetic hearing if they 
examined and interviewed, ft go to the police, 
says that in the interests of “Implementation of these 
pnvary^and comfort, they recommendations by all po- 

shouid be examined whenever, 
possible away from the tra- 
ditional police interview 
room, either in a separate rape 
examination suite, such as 
those being set up by the 
Metropolitan police, or in 

lice forces wifi enable women 
to come forward and report! 
these particularly abhorrent 
crimes, confident in the 
knowledge they will be re- 
ceived with tact and 

Decline in 
number of 

The Christian Church in 
Britain lost half a million 
members in the first five years 
of the 1980s, while the number 
of Muslims rose by more than 
a third, according to figures; 
just published. 

There are now just over 
seven million Christians in 
the United Kingdom, com- 
pared with more than 7.S 
million in 1980 and 8.5 mil- 
lion in 1970. 

The UK Christian Hand- 
book 1987/88 says thatthe 
Church is likely to lose an- 
other 500,000 members by the 
end of the decade. 

This compares with growth 
in Muslim membership from 
600,000 to 852,000 in the five 
years to last year, according to 
the handbook, published by 
MARC Europe. 

Muslim membership out- 
strips the combined strength 
of the Methodist and Baptist 
dummies by 152,000. 

The Christian Church now 
consists mainly of people 
under 20 and pensioners, 
according to Mr Peter 
Brierfey. the book’s editor and 
European Director of MARC 

PC fined 
for attack 
on youth 

A married policeman was 
upset over a domestic crisis 
involving another woman 
when he attacked a youth, 
Gloucester Crown Court was 
told yesterday. 

Mr Kevin Balding, aged 18, 
was in hospital for five days 
after the assault 
At the time of the attack, PC 
Martin Roddy, aged 31, had 
just come from a meeting with 
the woman and her husband, 
Mr Christopher Pitchford, for 
the defence, said. 

Mr Patrick Clarkson, for the 
prosecution, said a number of 
youths were on a bench op- 
posite Stonehouse police star 
tion, Gloucestershire, and PC 
Roddy told them to get then- 
feet off. He grabbed Kevin 
Balding and pushed him 
against a waft, banging his 

Mr Pitchford said: “The 
incident happened when 
relationships between PC 
Roddy and bis wife were 
"extremely strained". 

PC Roddy, of The North- 
fields, Folley Lane, Stroud, 
admitted assault and was 
fined £150 and ordered to pay 
£200 costs. 


Banking technology 

Discreet cosiness of 
an automated service 

The Bedford Tfeam Astra van 
range gives the driver in you what you 
want, while the businessman in you 
gets what is needed. 

The dear appeal 
of this shows with 
the runaway sales 
success of the Astra 
van range. 

This popularity 
is shared by other Bedford vans. The 
combined registrations of Astra, 
Midi, Rascal and CF2 have gained 
Bedford the bi ggest sales increase in 
1986 of any manufacturer. * 

Tfeam Astra vans are the most 
modem, aerodynamicallystyled on 
the street Their good looks alone 
speak volumes about your business. 

But apart from being street- 
smart they’re street-credible. 

The ‘Good Van Guide* wrote in a 
By Keith KouDey I comparative van test report, “By far 

I the best (engine) though just has to 

out a counter or cashier in 22 per cent of the 
sight It has become instead a 
fam ily cash, business and 
shopping centre. 

High-speed machines allow 
customers to get cash, make a 
credit obtain an instant bank 

statement or pay the bills. The 
children can even pick m> their 
pocket money at a special till 
mounted a foot tower. 

In alt more than 40 ser- 
vices, practically everything a 
clerk used to de, are auto- 
mated. The furnishings are 
soft, the atmosphere cosy and 
the counter staff have become 
sales people in discreet al- 
coves, free to chat if customers 
need them. 

Some machines provide col- 
our videos and can deal on the 
spot with opening an account, 
quoting for car insurance or 
making mil order purchases. 

More alcoves provide on- 
line computer ter min a ls for 
businessmen to rent. Invest- 
ment advisers or insurance 
firms have items to provide 
their own special services. 

A security door limits entry 
to the seltoperated machine 
foyer to cardholders* 

The bank is the creation of 
NCR Limited, the Dimdee- 
based British arm of the 
American NationalCash Reg- 
ister Company. It is celebrat- 
ing its fortieth anniversary in 
Dundee by showing a new 
generation of sophisticated 
bank terminals. 

NCR, which fiettfc by 
manufacturing cash til l s in the 
United Stales, is now a world 
- ■ ■ • “ImkhW tMi n m ak. . 


and export to 79 
countries, and that includes 
terminals speaking hi mare 
than 20 languages. 

“We have 52 per cent of the 
UK market Our parent com-J 
celebrated our 

anniversary for giving Dundee 
fall responsibility for all 
NCR’s terminal sales world- 

Each terminal most be 
adapted for the host country. 
British and European banka, 
for example, specify a half- 
inch thick steel free for cash 
dispensers, while the Swedes 
stipulate one inch. In the 
United States, the banks have 
had so few security problems 
with termhnds that, they nse 
tin boxes painted to took like 

be Astramax. Its engine is silky, 
pushing forwards smoothly and 

‘Commercial Motor’, in their van 
comparison test, also noted how a 

•Source: SMMT registration data. Light commercial 
vehicles up to 3-5 tonnes; Jan to Sept 1986 v 1985. 

laden Astra diesel beat similarly laden 
Fbrd Escort and Peugeot 305 GL 
diesel vans, by returning 48-19 mpg. 

In a similar test 
a laden, petrol- 
engined Astramax 
| gave 36-25 mpg over- 
all; the best of the 
bunch. One reason 
for such good fuel 
efficiency is the cross- 
flow cylinder head design. 


Height (max) 
Width (max) 
Length (max) 

Astra Van 

34 %* 






68 " 

‘Good Van Guide* also had good 
words about driving the Astramax 
- . very quiet, very refined, very 
civilised, ^bu can almost forget you’re 
driving a van’.’ They added, ‘Astramax 
must become new light vans leader 


with its blend of style, driveability 
and useful room’! 

Now to get down to carrying 
capacity, at the business end you 
have a choice of load volumes: 

66-3 cu ft in the Astra, or 82 cu ft in 
the Astramax. 

Uniformly distributed payloads 
are 4 15 kg for the Astra Van with 
365 kg or 560 kg, depending on 
the model, for the 

Note, too, that 
unlike some vans a 
solid bulkhead is 
fitted as standard, 
so is a rear wash/ 
wipe on Astra L 
models. This is now also available for 
Astramax vans. 

Another clever touch, unique to 
Astramax, is the load extension deck 
in place of the passenger seat. 

Tb sum up, Bedford's Tfeam Astra 
vans lead because they’re built to eat 
up roads as well as loads. 

The French have refesed to 
accept the interactive screens 
used re most countries, where 
buttons to press appear on the 
screens. Some Central African 
countries have terminals Bring 

A new high-security termi- 
ml has annoared ptotmg w 
moreen. One attacker, daring 
a test in a rough area of 
Manchester, compninented 
the bank. He damaged his 

shoe and broke a hammer and 

screwdriver hot coold not lift 
even one of the number keys. 

Mr Peter freeman, NCR's 
product manager, raid: “If you 
want to see innovative b a nking 
now, go to Spain. The hanks 
there are installing everything 

up lnn> ” 

friyistopp^GeneralMoTors; Ovfrsrasr^iwsciaJ ^hidcCnrnonition. EO. Box3 Luton. LU2 OSY. 

Every day one airline sells more 
international tickets than any of its 
competitors. Last year an average of over 
53,000 per day across our scheduled and 
charter operations. 

Tickets taking nearly 20 million 
people to destinations all around the world. 

In feet, on an average day, 575 of our 

flights take off somewhere on the globe. 
(Thafs one flight every three minutes - 
about the time it takes to read this 

If that surprises you, you are 
probably unaware that since 1973, British 
Airways has consistently flown more people 
internationally than any other airline. 

We also have the largest fleet of 
any European airline, with 159 aircraft in 
operation. But the most important feet of 
all is that we have now become one of" 

the most profitable international airlines 
in the world 

Which all goes to prove that British 
Airways is no fly-by-night company. 

British airways 

Britain’s highest flying company 



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poutn African rights 
$roup claims torture of 
Children Is widespread 

f he widespread torture *?***** HonK * y ’ ^hannesburg 

mistreatment of children de E*°pk detained in rubber tyre to bum suspected 

under Soufo AftfcS "» WwffiaiHJBIH 

regulations £&. ^^rSS- 0 Ii£ infonnem to death, 

a memorandum re- SuddLi Paren . tf Ii allies, however, that the 

idE d *J hl8 - v y k ** **» Black *? 9 m Sep*™* forces’ brutal meth- 

SaA. the cavil nghtsorganiza- SS^ t ,Ef Uttmae -5^& oj 5 ai#ed “irrespective 
no l™ n *>y white wome^ ^S£ ! SvSS < J?i nie • ? fa ”y posstbleguilt". and that 
^..S-^tmem ladled SSSw , life 11 Of"?** ***& numbers of children are 

oufto children is a frightening cmrem dui ? I!8 r H* rounded up at random from 

Symptom of a disease which J n the streets, and then detained i 

majr have already progressed I V n ? *** 40 *** ^ beaten up in the hope of 

beyond cure," saysthe SShhSS ^ of ^ eUriiing information, 

memorandum, which JS! “'J^JPSa^dofwne. The police directorate for 

memorandum,' whjfcfc ^^pgacfaMofnme. 
taips some 30 statements'and e, eotric 

affidavits SSJHl!®* *** 

jtjsays, are 4SS& OOZSt 311(1 ^ 

brutalized and often S SkJ down “ waler “«> 
stiff". ncn scared "*«* teaigas ■ has been 

"fff&as Sst-®*- 

SS“S« .WSffSSM: 

gte4swK psa»%4y,,£ 


public relations yesterday re- 
jected the allegations as an- 
other attempt to discredit the 
security forces, and noted that 
those complaining of mistreat- 
ment had not been named. 

• Township death: Petrol 
bombs were hurled at security 
force vehicles in four separate 
incidents in a Port Eli z a be th 
black township, and a black 
man was killed when the 
officers retaliated in one case, 
the Government said yes- 
terday (AP reports). 

Kimche critical of Pretoria’s 
defence influence hard ^ 

f Front Ian Murray, Jerusalem 

mSSS.™? 5 ? 1 °f *be The first was when Israel 

k S ft L TK ^55?* c:y bombed the Iraqi nuclear 

** 1116 reactor in 1981. Ntone at the 

Sffl^h5h° ,DB ^ ' mmistr y bad known about iL 
Da^id Kimche, one of the Because of that his ministry 

members of the country's civil 
sendee, who has just been 
forced out of his job as a result 
of ; implementation of the 
Government's rotation agree- 

For six years he woirwodch 
wide respect as Director Gen- 
eral of the Foreign Ministry. 
He; was an essential figure in 
the; negotiations to end the 
Lebanese invasion, and' more 
recently masterminded the 
agreement with Egypt on dis- 
puted border areas. 

His many contacts in Af- 
rica, where be was an agent 

putting together information 
about the raid and then having 
to “selT the reasons for it to 
the rest of the world. 

The second case he quoted 
was the Lebanese invasion; in 
which be said the Foreign 
Ministry had been excluded 

from, the p lanning and was 

never asked about policy or 
information controL 

It proved impossible again 
yesterday for the planned 
hand-ova- of power from Mr 
Peres to Mr Yitzhak Shamir to 
go ahead, as the two party 
leaders continued bickering 

on Kaunda 

From Michael Hornsby 

General Magnus Malan, the 
South African Defence Min - 1 
ister, issued a blunt warning 
yesterday to President Ka- 
unda of Zambia that if be 
continues to grant the African 
National Congress (ANC) ref- 
uge be can expect South 
African military reprisals. 

In a prepared statement. 

Mr Thomas “Tip" O’Neill, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, lending an ear to 
President Reagan as he briefed members of Congress cm his summit talks in Iceland. 

Chaos at the peace congress 

From Christopher Follett, Copenhagen 

Denounced by the Danish In his inaugural address, Mr pants is the Helsinki-based 

Government and shunned by 
all Denmark's main political 
parties, the controversial 
World Congress devoted to 
the international year of peace 
opened here yesterday amid 
scenes of chaos. 

. A big scuffle on the platform 
interrupted the opening cere- 

Hermod Lannung, the 90- 
y ear-old Danish peace activist 
and chairman of the World 
Congress, criticized the press 
for unjustly attacking the 

“There are no taboos at the 
congress. It is a forum whose 
aim is first and foremost to 

mony when demonstrators contribute to efforts to achieve 

from the London-based 
Association for a Free Russia 
displayed a banner worded 
“This is a KGB Peace 
Congress" seized the micro- 

whh Mossad, Israel's secret. ^ i c deSbof SSuS 

^J“’? mooth f dl 5y®y to . a places and senior official 
resampuon of diplomatic appointments once the new 
relations with Zaire, Liberia, governmenttakes over. 

Ivory Coast and Cameroon. „ Io 

But despite his achieve- wlTWSS £2SL* t 

Shimon Pens as Director befcre <« rntt stop 

General of the Prime .Min- G< ™ _ . _ . _ . 

islet's office and who is now The first ts that he does not 
moVing over, with Mr Peres,' ' a semorCabmet Potion 

to the Foreign Ministry. . ,P™ to Mr Yitthak 

In his farewell address to Modai, the Liberal Party lead- 
ministry staff this week, Mr ct whom he sacked from the 
Kimche showed how much he ■ *°r being 

resented the way the Defence msultmg. 

Ministry dictated foreign pol- The other is that he wants to 
icy. He cited two examples be able to nominate one of his 
from the time be was made dose associates as Ambas- 
Director General in 1 980. sador in Washington. 

What chance is there now of 
an arms control agreement 
after Reykjavik? Quite a bit, if 
one were to go by the more op- 
timistic comments from both 
sides. One of the features of 
the pest-summit scene is a 
general desire to present 
Reykjavik as a beginning 
rather than a sorry coodurion. 

But both the Soviet and Am- 
erican leaders have their own 
propaganda reasons for seek- 
ing to give this impression. 
One thing that did begin at 
Reykjavik was the capture of 
the anus control process by 
public relations. 

That contest was not re- 
solved as the leaders whhdrew 
from the negotiating table, and 
they may well conclude that to 
fire salvoes of optimism is the 
best way to continue the pro- 
paganda war. 

Mr Gorbachov and Presi- 
dent Reagan have their own 
distinctive reasons for portray- 
ing Reykjavik in as good_ a 


• V " 


. i_i > 

Geoffrey Smith 

tioos next month and his 
European allies. It will be 
easier for him to deal with 
both if be can maintain a spirit 
of hope. 

Bat what credence should be 

tight as possible. The Soviet given to the various optimistic 
leader may need to convince statements? When Mr Reagan 

his Kremlin colleagues that he 
was- not foolish to go there. He 
will want to make sure the 
summit is not seen throughout 
the Soviet sphere of influence 
as th e ploy that failed. 

Reagan mindful 
of polls and allies 

He wifl wish to give west 
Europeans the feeling that an 
arms settlement would &e 
within reach if only that stub- 
bora old man in Washington 
would give just a bit He may 
even hope to induce Congress 
to cot back fowling for SD1 re- 
search by creating an assump- 
tion, that the project will soon 
be smothered on the negotiat- 
ing table anyway. 

Mr Reagan must have in 
-mind both the mid- term dec- 

says “we are closer than ever to delay another summit until 
before to agreements that something has been negotiated 
could lead to a safer world at lower level ou whkh the two 
without nuclear weapons”, die leaders conld put the seaL 
red! question is whether the Tfaebest hope would seem to 
hyperbole is harmless. lie with intermedia te-range 

As a statement of fact, it is missiles. Whether it would be 
nonsense. Even if the Reykja- possible to eliminate all of 
vik package wore to be modi- than from Europe without an 
tied to require no restrictions agreement on SD1 is doubtfoL 
on SDI ft would not bold out But it does not really matter. A 

General Malan declared: “A' phone and shouted “Go home 
leader like Dr Kaunda must KGB" and other anti-Soviet 
realize that he cannot play slogans, 
host to the ANC and the South - Other noisy demonstrators 
African Communist Party jeered, shouted and at Hmpc 
(SACP) and be known as a sang. 
man who seeks peace. - 

“ Our fighter planes over 

Lusaka were a direct message 1 „•>’ 

to him to decide between ^ f ^ 

peace and confrontation." B - y l '] 

This was a reference to the 

air raids on alleged ANC Cf V V’ Vv 1 

targets in Botswana, Zim- B- ' V-< > ' , > , :• i, /' - ; 

babwe and Zambia last May. B-V</v •'* 

General Malar's threats are ^ , v,v ' ; 

a sharp toughening of Pre- B. 

toria’s hard-line policy to- *"> /C-'-*' 4 ?' J 

wards neighbouring states ^ i :p 1 

since the middle of this year. B‘-Vi->V^ i, £\ •- ^ 

• No actiott: Dr Kaunda, as r -A 

chainnan of the frontline B,' >. . t 

states grouping, yesterday - . 4- 

ruled out punitive action by Hj • f \ ■ -f? 

the six countries against Zaire 
and Malawi for having alleg- I J./ 
edly tolerated Angolan and 
Mozambican rebels on their B ^ ^ 

tern to ry (A Correspondent 

wri tes from V ictoria Falls). ?, 

Africans try again. Page 16 

one moment as he did in M 

London on Tuesday, that they MBh^ * ' >'8^ ^ 
would be prepared to negotiate v 

away all the Euro missiles 
without reference to SDL and iBrl ; 

(ben at another mouKsat hesi- 'Wa ■ 

tate to go that far, it is simply ^ 

coofhsing. SB . 

What then are the political ■■ 

realities beneath the whirlpool 1 

of words? The correct prece- 
dnre must surely be to resume 

negotiations at expert level, HR f M ^ 

with the Geneva arms talks B-"-?- 'V 'K -■ 
the obvious fotxtm. 

There might paradoxically 
be a case for another goocfmH 
summit, like the first meeting 
at Geneva, simpfy to repair the 
damage at Reykjavik. Bnt in 

present drcmnstances any I 'V-,,’*" ^ 

sommit that faded to produce 
a sahstantive agreement woald 
probably be jadged a failure 
and do more harm than good, 

Negotiated deal 

at lower level? B V - 

So it woald probably be best Blt$^ 
to delay another sommit until B^l"*’ ’T 
something has been negotiated W^^HS tHMoBBSIP 

at lower level on which the two « 

leaders could put the seaL 
The best hope would seem lo 
tie with intennediate-range M : 
missiles. Whether it would be 

possible m dimfoate all of *- i.-K^r: 

them from Europe wititoid an 

the cessation of the nuclear 
arms race, which is a crime 
against humanity," he said. 

About 2,300 participants 
from 133 countries are to 
discuss disarmament, human 
rights, nuclear-free zones and 
other issues under the theme 

future of humanity". 

One of the main partiti- 

World Peace Council, an um- 
brella otganization for peace 
groups all over the world 
which has been attacked in the 
West as being controlled by 

The five-day Copenhagen 
congress is the fourteenth of 
its kind involving the council : 
since 1949. and the first to be 
held in a Nato country. 

Only four small Danish 
parties, the Communists, the 
Left Socialists, the Socialist 
People's Party and the Radical 
Liberals are participating. 

Anti-American bias was de- 
tected in a discussion session 
yesterday afternoon on 
nuclear safety. 


that prospect. 

The statement that the 
Reykjavik proposals remain 
on the table does net mean 
ranch. They were a package 
depending on a critical item 
■naccentwle to the United 

member of European govern- 
ments would quietly prefer to 
keep some EuriHmssOes, as. 
an assurance Hat the United , 
States would remain linked to 
the defence of its allies. 

A more finntedl a g r ee m en t 

V-'rV:-: ' • 

: ::<h ■ ■■■ V - - ••• >? .. . • 

OvcK^nriS News 

2,000 flee fires 
in disaster mine 

Johannesburg (Reuter) — About 2,000 men were safely 
evacuated yestmlay when un der ground fires triggered an 
emergency at the Kinross urine, scene of South Africa's 
worst gold mine disaster last month. 

The meu were brought to the surface after ^ “two separate 
and minor fire incidents of unknown origin'’* according to a 
statement from the General Muring Union Corporation. 

More than 170 miners died last month when a fire sent 
poisonous fumes through the mine. 

Transplant death 

The only woman to receive an artificial heart has died 
nearly 10 months after her mechanical heart was replaced 
by a real one (Our Foreign Staff writes). 

Mary Lund, aged 40, died of multiple organ failure at 
Abbott Northwesters Hospital in Minneapolis, her doctors 

In St Louis, a man aged 44 has two fimetioaing hearts as 
a result of a transplant operation that doctors say will allow 
his new heart gradually to take over the functions of the 

Doctors performed the seven-hour operation at The 
University Hospital at St Louis University Medical 

Aid for Haul of 
shipyards hemp 

Bonn (Renter) — The 
West German Government 
yesterday unveiled a £100 
milli on plan to help coastal 
states to deal with the 
collapse of the nation's 
shipbuilding industry. 

Herr Martin Bange- 
nuum, the Economics Min- 
ister, and Heir Gerhard 
Stoftenberg, the Finance 
Minister, said that the 
money would be in infra- 
structure aid to the four 
northern coastal states 
where the crisis-hit Ger- 
man shipbuilding com- 
panies are based. 

Aakaneer, The Nether- 
lands (Renter) - Police 
yesterday searched green- 
houses in this town, famed 
for its flowers, after they 
fouud 8.000 hemp plants 
growing under glass. 

A spokesman said that 
the plants, which would 
have had a street value of 
more than £450,000 in 
nearby Amsterdam, had 
been sprayed to make them 

Last month police found 
five tonnes of hemp in 
another greenhouse. 

Steles. Unless one side makes an intermediate missiles would 
a major adjustment m its serve whaf is now the essential 
position, the package win purpose: to keep the process of 
continue to tie oa the table. East-West negotiation going 
When Mr Viktor Karpov, as calmly as possible, with 
the chief Soviet negotiator at neither euphoria nor a new icy 
the Geneva arms Calks, says at spirit of Reykjavik. 


•A. ,:,A- 

Interest Rate Change 

Allied Irish Banks pic announces that with effect 
from close of business on 15th October 1986, 
its Base Rate was increased from 10% to 11% p-a. 

Allied Irish Bank 

.Head Office - Britain; 64/66 Coleman Strew, London EC2R 5AL Tel: 01-588 0691 
and btanches throughout the country. 

It- ’• ' '■ 

■ weLL ■ 

*K- v -= •.=: % : . -V: : '. v 


•; v 

Priest wounded 

Quito (Reuter) — A senior Ecuadorean clergyman has 
been shot and seriously wounded at the door of a Roman 
Catholic church by a gnnman who later committed suicide, 
police said yesterday. 

They said that Monsignor Jorge GmUenno Armijos, 
vicar general of the southern city m Loja, was shot in the 
bock and stomach at point-blank range by an unidentified 
man. The attacker then shot himself in the head. 

There have been chemists, too, who have 
measured up to this responsibility rather 
well And economists, historians, English 
graduates and mathematicians whoVe 
excelled themselves as well 

Fo^ as you may have gathered, it isn't a 
particular academic background that we’re 
looking for when we recruit graduates for a 
I . career in the Police Force. 

We’re looking for the same combination 
of management qualities that any large 
industrial or commercial concern would 
look for: clarity of thought, self discipline 
and the ability to get on with people. 

But we’re looking for other qualities too; 
impartiality, dedication and, of course, a 
sense of humour 

For a graduate who has these qualities, 
the Police Force has a great deal to offer 
in return. 

That’s why Inspector Liz BurbeckMA and 
Inspector Richard Bruns trom BSc joined us. 
As a graduate, two routes through the 
Police Force are open to you. You could 
join by conventional entry and sit the Ser- 
geants’ examinations after two years as a 
Probationary Constable. If you performed 
especially well you could then be selected 
for the prestigious Special Course at the 
Police Staff College, Bramshill, which is 
designed to accelerate your career within 
the Force. But even if you did not secure 
a place on the course, the opportunities 
for promotion to the higher ranks of the 
Force would still be open to you. 

Alternatively, you could apply to enter via 
our Graduate Entry Scheme. Competition 
is fierce, but if you were accepted your 
place on the Special Course would be 
virtually guaranteed, and you could be an 
Inspector six years after you’d first joined 
If you are interested in joining the Police 
you might like to attend a short Police 
Familiarisation Course which will help 
you deride whether this is really the career 
for you. 

Write to us, and we’ll send you a copy of 
the booklet A Career for Graduates,' as 
well as more details of our Graduate Entry 

Starting salary for recruits aged over 22 
is currently £9,756 and the present salary 
for an Inspector is £14,193 (rates of pay 
are higher in London). 

This is one career for which every degree 
subject is suitable. 

Familiarisation Courses will be held 15-18 December 1986 and dosing date for entries is 
14 November 1986. Closing date for applications for the Graduate Entry Scheme is 16 January 1987. 
Send this coupon to SopL Andrew Jones BSc, Room 553, Home Office, Queen Aimes Gate, London SVFlH 9AE 

Please send me your booIdei__and application form for: 
Police Graduate Enin.- Scheme Familiarisation Coarse 

U nivcTMry ’PoKiccbtUo Co 

Ah Deemcwwendi 

F F I C E R 

•; r-s-Jtfc-.— u-. 

IT COST US £15,000 


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Buying life assurance can be a lot more 
expensive than you think. 

Because there's a big difference in the 
amount of money that certain companies 
will pay you when your policy matures. 

In fact, even on a £30 per month, 
twenty five year policy, the payouts can vary 
by as much as £25,000. 

That's why you should always ask 
about a company's investment record 
before you commit yourself. 

At Scottish Amicable, we believe ours 
will stand up to any comparison. 

If you look at the payout tables, you'll, 
find that weVe been one of the top com- 
panies in Britain for years. 

You'll also see that weVe provided 
record returns for our policyholders - 
whether they've had pensions, endowments 
for mortgages or savings plans. 

Any independent financial adviser 
will tell you just how good we are. 

He may also recommend one of our 
policies. It'll only cost you a few pounds 
every month. But it’ll make you thousands 
over the years. 

(Source: Money Management with Profits Endowment Performance Survey, May 1986) 



sco _ 




" ' vid 

- . * 

65, you'll 
op corn- 

olders - 


e of our 




report urges more 

•wth stimulation 



"Wch has a 
.direct bearing on Britain'* 


had to be 

Herr Alois Pfeiffer, the 

'$83E! m V f or Economic 
said that the EEC 
-taced an average unemolov- 
Tnent rale of higher than 10 

•per cent by 1990 
-^The Commission's annual 
-economic . report said that 
policies implemented by 
jnenjber gwemmems since 

^thedramatic fall in oil prices 

JV 0 * se “ nd oil 

^hock — had gone some way 
-toward restoring the founds- 
>>ns of sounder growth. But 
ribe- effects on unemployment 
r were “working through onlv 
pf “Very slowly”. 

- : The report said that current 

Prom Richard Owen, Brussels 

unemployment levels were 
intolerable but “for from 
inescapable" and forecast that 
t>alance of payments improve- 
ments resulting from Ming 
energy prices would give the 
much needs to be seized" next 
year and in 1986. 

But it simultaneously gave a 
warning that the EEC's ex- 
ternal trade ' could be do- 
Passed by further Ms in the 
dollar, protectionism in Am- 
enca and Japan, a further shift 
in oil prices and a worsening 
t? situation in Third 
world economies. 

Under the British press-' 
dency of the EEC until 
December, Mrs Thatcher has 
made a tackling long-term 
unemployment a top priority. 
Mr Kenneth Clarke, the Min- 
ister for Employment, has 
launched a plan which lays 
stress on liberalization of the 
labour market, a reduction of 
controls oo businesses and 
stimulation of enterprise: 

The British^ 

places much of the blame for 
unemployment on high wage 

The Commission says that 
wages and income tax should 
be reduced in the medium 
term, but in the long term 
there had to be “moderate 

wages growth", a fester pace of 

business and public invest- 
ment and a “social dialogue” 
with European unions. 

The Commission *<Vp^ 
member stares to provide 
“concise reports" on their 
reduction of unemployment 
through growth by May next 

it also gave a wanting that 
although the EEC could expect 
an acceleration in real gross 
domestic product growth of 
2.8 per cent next year, com- 
pared to 15 per cent this year 
this was not on a scale likely to 

bring about “an appreciable 
and sustained M m unemp- 
loyment" unless joint effec- 
tive action were taken. 

Schoolchildren _ 

S h a nghai ; and the Queen's 

Swedish unions res um e wage tallrc 

-Stockholm — M iw fri 

- Stockholm — Negotiations 
‘Will resume today aimed at 
-ending a complicated public- 
sector wages dispute which 
jtas disrupted life in Sweden 
Jot.- more than two weeks 

(Christopher Mosey writes): 
There are signs that at least 
two of the unions, which are 
demanding pay parity with 
private-sector woricers, might 
be prepared to settle. One ha* 

Six scientists share 
: Nobel accolades 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

postponed scheduled strikes 
and another, representing 
20.000 woricers including mer- 
chant navy pilots, has con- 
tacted state mediators and 
asked for fresh talk*. 

^ of welcome, above, as the Queen arrives in 

below, being manhandled by a Chinese security man. 

Vranitsky campaigns 
with a plea for trust 

Vienna — The Austrian 
Chancellor. Herr Franz Vran- 
itsky, launched his Socialist 
Party's election campaign yes- 
terday with an appeal for 
Austrians to trust in bis 
financial acumen (Richard 
Bassett writes). 

Herr Vranitsky, a former 
banker whose pin-stripes are 
unusual among Austrian poli- 

ticians, is running as “the man 
Austria needs". 

A dry-humoured profes- 
sional with a relatively brief 
career in politics, he precip- 
itated next month's general 
election by refusing to con- 
tinue his party's coalition with 
the right-wing Freedom Party, 
which elected the pan-Ger- 
man nationalist. Herr Jorg 

Haider, as its foarW 





Berlin (Reuter) — Mr Neil 
Kinnock ihe Labour Party 
leader, stood by his commit- 
ment to unilateral nuclear 
disarmament in a newts con- 
ference at the Berlin Wall 
yesterday and said that atomic 
weapons could not protect the 

Mr Kinnock is visiting West 
Berlin before a meeting of 
Socialists and Social Demo- 
crats in Bonn today. 

He dismissed criticism by 
Mr Norman Tcbbit, the 
Conservative Party chairman, 
that Labour's plans to scrap 
Britain's nuclear deterrent and 
remove US nuclear bases m 
Britain could endanger West 

"That man (MrTebbil) is so 
blocked up with propaganda 
lhat he is incapable of taking a 
dear sight of anything,’ 1 Mr 
Kinnock said. 

“Wc can't defend this dty, 
or any nation or continent, 
with weapons that obliterate." 
he said. 

He thought that a military 
balance was ensured by the 
high quality of Nato forces, 
and believed that stable rela- 
tions with the Soviet Bloc 
could be achieved by talks and 

International agreements 
and the presence of some 
1 2.000 US. British and French 
forces in West Berlin effec- 
tively guarantee the city’s 
security, he said. 

; This year's Nobel Prize for 
-Physics is shared between 
Itiiree scientists for two discov- 
eries made a generation apart. 

- The oldest member of the 
?rio, Professor Ernst Ruska of 
-West Germany, is recognised 
Jfprhis fundamental work in 
-electron optics and subsequent 
.pioneering work with the first 
^electron microscope. 

- Professor Ruska, who is 79, 
Ts bead of the Fritz Haber 
^Institute in West Berlin, which 
as part of the Max Planck 
^institute. He began to develop 
-the electron microscope as a 
■young student at the Berlin 
‘Technical University at the 
jnd of the 1920s. 

2 He shares the prize with two 
-younger physicists, both of 
Tthom are conducting research 
•ut the IBM laboratories at 
Zurich, In Switzerland. 

- Dr Gent aged 39, of 
2West Germany, and Dr 
^Heinrich Rohrer, 53, of 
•Switzerland, discovered a way 
’of improving on the . electron 
^method of analysing new 
jnaterials called the scanning 
.tunnelling miope. 

- The chemistry prize is also 
Shared by three scientists, all 
drum North America. 

- Then- achievements were in 
separate research, but all gave 

an understanding of how 
chemical reactions occur. 

The award went to Profes- 
sor Dudley Herscfabada, of 
Harvard University; Professor 
Yuan Tseh Lee; w fa® was bom 
m Taiwan, of Berkeley 
University; and Professor 
John Pobnyi, of the Univer- 
sity of Toronto. 

AH three have helped to 
overcome the problems of how 
to observe the pro- 

cesses between molecules dar- 
ing reactions. 

Professor Herschhach, aged 
54, has been professor of 
dierakti j at Harvard nice 

Professor Yuan Tseh Lee, 
aged 49, is head of the 
Department of Chemistry at 
the University of California at 

Professor Pobnyi, aged 57, 
was bora in Berlin and took 
his doctorate in Manchester, 1 
England, in 1952. He became 
professor of chemistry at To- 
ronto in 1962. 


Hie WieseL the Nobel peace, 
laureate, should have been i 
quoted yesterday as saying that I 
he had written about 30 books, 
not 300. 

Z Professor Ruska; work on 
l the electron microscope 

fais PhD in 



: Taiwan plans 
l an end to 
I martial law 

“ Taipei (Reuter) — Taiwan’s 
-ruling Kuomintang Party said 
^yesterday that its top policy- 
-making body had approved 
•plans to lift martial law, which 
3ias been in force on the island 
-since 1949, when the Nation- 
alist Government retreated 

1 The proposal also calls for 
gifting the bao on political 
■parties if they observe three 
^principles: respect for the 
•constitution, support for the 
^government's anti-communist 
policy, and renunciation of 
-ihe outlawed Taiwan Indepen- 
dence Movement. . 

Suicide by 
second wife 
of Picasso 

Paris — Jacqueline Picasso/ 
aged 60, second wife and last 
companion of the painter,! 
Pablo Picasso, committed sui- - 1 
ride yesterday by shooting] 
herself in the head at her home , 
in Mougins. She had no 
children (Diana Geddes 

Friends said she had been 
depressed for some time. Pi- 
casso, whom she married in 
1961, died 13 years ago. . 

She leaves behind many of | 
the painter’s works, although 
several had been handed over 
to the French Government in 
lieu of death duties. ‘ 



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El Salvador earthqiialfp aftermath 

' ‘ San§ 

/ 1 1 was as if 
consensus tin 

pe fading as water and 
it smother last chances 

Yalletv C£mut In Mil >1 A 

?A unspoken 

^[ ous to get to them. Our 
crane cannot lift entire sec- 
uons. So we have to work 
slowly, breaking up sections 

~ “ “*n rescuers *. V *’ T“- a,VJU B up secuon 
gave. U p\hope of |*C 0ft _they can be lifted, 
ESS an y° ne ^scVlive in Senor Escalante said. 

centre in San sS^w \ E dty A qulel demoralisation ha, 

■ Fhr . ‘\ , in among local and intei 

— - — ihere were' W- Phonal rescue teams. Ther 

officials to baye been ej*- 
tom bed thene. when thousands 
of tons of mud slipped , dbwn 
the mountainside! and .en- 
gulfed the "■ little community.. 


wv»S%Kt 5 Sf 5 

A quiet demoralisation had 
set in among local and inter- 
nauonaJ rescue teams. There 
was still one sniffer dog roam- 
"ML* 6 debris of the Ministry 
of Planning building in search 

nt amr dm. i r. ■ . 

Pan ofthe littlemoumainade 
community in which he lived 
had gone. 

: Teams of Spanish firemen 
worked long and hard on the 

HlW IHIMi uuni 1 1 UU 1 U Lj«. . . t • . _ _ _ 

The landslide happened at the w °rked long and hard on die 
time of the earthquake, hut P 1 ^ 31 ! 0115 mountain slope 
ha5,been discovered only re-. ■ JJSfnJjjr YlL- Jiave . n ? 
centiy because the area was cut 

off when its onlv »««« road !® VCT y difficult to work here. 

off when its only access road 
slipped down the sleep. ravine. 

A fanner who was working 

is very difficult to work here, 
because ft is just mud and 
there is a neat possibility of a 
cave-in. There is not much 

ST&hSrSSffS vSSSSEtiSB Atanerwho^^to* SK'lKTKfi 

deaths, an j*®!jLP u '? lber of nm <£.5 > of but „ !t **** on the slopes of Mount San chance of anyone being alive, 
Mnv’ a £JS 1 ? ae - firc ^ 5 SI "5"?. **}ythm all day. Jacinto said: was weeding whmftSonffiHnJS 

die buik?i^io^t?1“ ,nnar ^ s ^ f? ur ^®? re *he my tomato plants when aid- mud and the bouses were verv 

K ,ts f* v e storevs ouilding, which Hes com- denlv there wac a ncvitf It nine. — .. 

. 01 U1C TOUT noors 01 me 

lls five storevs Adding, which lies com- 
2?lS5f“.w .? & role sque lay- Pf^sed like exposed geologi- 
er cake, the lines of the red strata. the rubble was now 
floors virtually intact but the Sehor Antonio Barraza, 

wans winch once separated ™ chief rescue engineer, said, 
them .v». . , 

denly there was a noise. It was 
a strong noise, like a big beast 

wans wQicn once separated 
inem compacted into crumbl- 
mg brown concrete. 

E»ly Sounds of life detected 
at the weekend by French 
rescue team dogs had dis- 
appeared. The sun in which 
the rescuers toiled with shov- 
els. sledge-hammers and their 
bare bands was hot and under- 
lined the rimial impossibility 
of anyone ' having survived 
without water for five days in 

• “TV* l M4t W «KCII 

" ine smoke and beat have rescue team c 
qeen ®5KS5 lou * We had to appeared. The 
pump 60,000 gallons of water rescuers toi 
mto the budding There seems els. sledgs-hami 
Htue chance that anyone bur- bare hands was 
ted in there could have sur- lined the rirtua 
vived,” Senor Gustavo Esca- °f anyone ' hai 
lanle, the Salvadorean Gov- without water fi 
ernmem engineer responsible diese temperatu 
lor work on the site, said. -Ph 

*. 50 p l P cop,e were pondeiwybT ffie'shanty'’town 
£* con JP ,e * at of Santa Marta, where die fo- 
H?®. fcrne of the earthquake, cus of the rescue effort hac 
100 have been rescued, now shifted. Ye 
ttelast of them pulled from temational lean 
beneath the gigantic slabs of ing with a fever 
concrete on Monday night. a hillside whe 
\" We have removed about buried 40 femi 
100 cadavers. We can see wooden shacks, 
many more, but it is dan- Some !00peo 

these temperatures. ■ 

There was even more des- under the ground. It became 

IVlnri^nnf ini «lu> .Un... . cn IaiwI nmi> lil.. «L. 

rasa noise. It was- weak. Before lra^g we may 
e, like a big beast have to stop working byiutnd 
’ and start using machinery,” 

the chief fire officer, Sefior 
Shultz, the US tuts Villarreal, from Madrid, 
State, win fly to said. He looked weary and 
today to inspect demoralised after his fruitless 

lamagp q njl egg- day’s labOW. 

*5 Now the Government and 
!Lw >£!!?■ organjzere ofthe international 
relief effiwt are turning their 
tecass wtth us attention to the pljriit of tbe 
imIs steps to be 0 f thousands of people 
ira^menc£iidi|i- who are living, many of them 
Des ' without food or shelter, on 

— ■ pavements and in city parks. 

oundy It became President Duane yesterday 
ts like the whole defended his Government 
\ from accusations that it was 

to see the vaBey JS?® 

ile eitv\ivinw I peoine: ihe first stage of the 

’RrSSAmSJinR operation has been to rescue 

V. " ■ ■ 

Mr GeorUe Shultz, the US 
Secretary bf State, WiH fly to 
El Salvador today to inspect 
earthquake 'damage qn d con- 
sult Salvadorean officials on 
recoostniction needs (Mohshi 
All writes from Washington). 

He will dxsenss with US 
Embassy officials steps to be 
taken to relnifld, American dip- 
lomatic facilities. 

pondency in the shanty town so loud it was like die whole defended his Government 
or Santa Marta, where the fo- earth roaring. \ from acc usations that it was 

StoW&g JK® 
.^^SS^^S.-sSSs SMSiSABS 

iLjara zbL* js» ; 

wooden shack* When I looked dowrt again Responding to criticism 
CfUYw, inn - V- j., ' fbora w®* clouds of dmt and that the 50,000-strong Salva- 
bome 100 people ate said by .the whole dty was sh^ng.” dorean Army had not re- 

No Peking 
joy for 
Russian i 


From Robert Grieves 

gsm & 


^4 * 

■s; wr*' > . -fir 

From Mario Modiaao 

People left homeless by the 
earthquakes that killed 20 
people and devastated the 
southern Greek port of Kala- 

wooden When I looked dowri. again Responding to criticism 

inn 4 aL titere were clouds of difct and that the 50,000-strong Salva- 

bome 1 00 people said bv .the whole dty was shaking .” dorean Army had not re- 
YT 1 . g* V • \ ~ sponded adequately, he said: 

Kalamata refugeeskun go home 

_ ° ” \ they could, but they also have 

that it is safe to retefctt' dhnmlshed by mne-t^^ the security of the country to 
undamaged homes. \i.:. . Greek seismologists, feat- P* 0160 *- 

Dr Ioannis Drakopoufts, ing that the weak geologies) Salvadorean officials fear 
the seismology professor rfr.: seqwoce . after the eartfr\ that tbe civil war ceasefire 
TOmg the Government, said: quakes on September 13 and \ announced by the rebels wffl 
l he critical period is largely 15 betrayed a boOd-up of \ be used to make secret incur- 
ova-. No major earthquake is energy, urged the Government Vsions into the capital and to 
anticipated, and the chances of to ban access to KihMk’s consolidate their oosition in 

MM-4 - 


BW'. i- •• T:>; 

tr ; 

v .... 

that it is safe to 
undamaged homes. 
Dr Ioannis Dr 

vSpSl Boycott assures Ershad’s election 

to dimmished by nine-teaiths.^ 
. Greek seismokHDsta. fe 

. ing that the- weak $ 
sequence .after the 


RMhi » niAnth aJk«L « ifk OTe T*. No ““j 0 *" earthquake is energy, urged the Government Isions into the capital anc 
i by ““berpated, and the chances of to ban access to Kalamatn’s consolidate their position 
*** autfaorrtt€S m Tbewtoy a strong after-shock have &500 residential bufldbgff. Shcr parts ofthe country. 

Police searching a passer-by 
m Dhaka during yesterday’s 
dectioB for a driKan president 
for Bangladesh. 

Security precautions were 
Stepped up as a result of a 
boycott of the election by the 
'two mam opposition alKanre* 
and fears of violence. A gen- 
eral strike called by the oppo- 

sition meant that the streets of 
Dhaka were virtually deserted 
(Reuter reports). 

President Ershad predicted 
that half of tbe country's 48 
million electorate would vote. 
Because of the boycott, he is 
assured of victory. 

The President who deposed 
an elected civilian government 

in a military coup in 1982, 
faced 11 opponents, most of 
them obscure. 

There was little reported 
violence and disruption, other 
than numerous explosions of 
small firework-type bombs 
and the stoning of the few 
motorists who defied tbe call 
for a general strike. 

Mr Igor Rogachov. the 
Soviet deputy Foreign Min- 
ister. returned to Moscow 
yesterday with little to show 
for several days of Sino-Soviei 
normalization talks. 

“The issues are impossible 
to solve in one session ” he 
said before leaving. 

Mr Qian Qichcn, the Chi- 
nese deputy Foreign Minister, 
observed: "We haven’t de- 
tected any change in the 
Soviet position ”. 

China and the Soviet Union 
broke off their dose relation- 
ship in the 1960s over ideo- 
logical differences. Since re- 
suming talks, China has 
maintained that Soviet sup- 
port for the Vietnamese in 
Ombodia. the Soviet inva- 
sion of Afghanistan and the 
deployment of military di- 
visions along their common 
border all stand in tbe way of 
normalizing relations. 

The Russians remain vitally 
interested in China's eco- 
nomic reforms, and Mr 
Rogachov visited the port city 
of Xiamen, in Fujian prov- 
ince. during his stay. 

Moscow was reportedly an- 
gry that Mr Rogacbov’s visit 
was overshadowed by that of 
Mr Caspar Weinberger, the 
.US Defence Secretary. His 
warm reception by China's 
top leaders made dear that, at 
this stage of superpower rela- 
tions, Peking prefers to talk to 
Washingtonabout arms sales. 

Perhaps for that reason, a 
Soviet communique on Mr 
Rogachov's visit will be re- 
leased from Moscow rather 
than from Peking. Soviet of- 
ficials here said yesterday. 

Nevertheless, Moscow and 

Peking did make progress on 
the continuation of border 

the continuation of border 
talks, which were broken off 
seven years ago after the 
invasion of Afghanistan and 
which are now scheduled to 
resume next February. 

Assad reaffirms I Air-india 


support for Iran 

From Robert Fisk, Beirut 

Tbe head -of the Iranian 
Revolutionary Guards has 
ended a visit to Damascus 
. confident that President As- 
tsad still intends to support 
Iran until it defeats Iraq in the 
Gulf War. 

"According to the Islamic 
Republic News Agency in 
Tehran, the President re- 
affirmed Syria’s strategic aUi- 
&ce with Iran in his 
cinversations with Mb' Mob- 
sei Rafiq Doost, the Guards' 
cdaimander, thus removing 
dotbts cast by Mr Assad's 
statement earlier this month 
that Syria would not accept 
the ( • occupation of Iraqi 

If fte Iranian report is true 
and . there bad been no com- 
parand. statement from the 
Syrian dews agency yesterday, 
then President Asad has re- 
signed himself to the possibil- 

ity that Iran will not only bring 
about the overthrow of Presi- 

dent Saddam Hussein of Iraq 
but might also accupy Iraq. 

There were \ rumours in 
Beirut that Mr Rafiq Doost 
had also discussed the Ameri- 
can and French hostages in 
Lebanon during -his con- 
versations with President As- 
sad. although he said wily that 
he had "maintained contacts 
between two friendly tetions 
and exchanged important 
ipformation". V v 

As the Iraqis continue to 
strike at Iran’s oil exports — 
they reported another big air 
raid against the Khaig Island 
oil terminal yesterday — so 
Iran's non-oil exports have j 
become increasingly imp - 1 

The latest Government of- 
ficial from Tehran to set off on 
a trade mission was Mr Hus- 
sein Moussavi, the Prime 
Minister, who is now on the 
second stage of an East Euro- 
pean tour. 

Leaving East Germany for 
Hungary yesterday, he de- 
clared that his country would 
fight until reaching "total 
victory" over Iraq. 

The effects of such a victory , 
are still being anticipated in ; 
Lebanon, where officials of 1 
the Shia Muslim Amal militia j 
are increasingly expressing I 
their opposition to the pro- 
Iranian Hezbollah (Party of 
God) movement, which is 
gaining support at AmaTs 
expense. The Hezbollah is 
likely to claim any Gulf War 
success as part of its own 
religious victory. 

Ayatollah Hussein Mont- 
azeri, who has been chosen to 
succeed Ayatollah Khomeini, 
has just addressed an appeal to 
$hia. and Sunni. ulema (Mus- 
lim doctors of sacred law and 
theology) in Lebanon to en- 
_sure inter-Muslim solidarity. 

jumbo was 

Delhi (Reuter)— Ap official 
inquiry into the crash of an 
Air-india jumbo jet offlreland 
last year showed that thepilots 
did their best to save tbe 
aircraft' even: after 'an explo- 
sion crippled its emergency 
systems, the Press Trust of 
India news agency reported 


i B N Kirpal of the Delhi High 
Court found that the blast 
might have damaged the oxy- 
gen system and cut off air to 
the pilots, who had put on 
oxygen masks. 

The report into tbe crash in 
June 1 985, which killed all 329 
people aboard, has not been 
made public. It was handed 
over to the Government in 
February. But the agency said 
it had obtained excerpts . 

Tbe judge is said to have 
blamed tbe crash on a bomb in 
the jet's forward cargo hold. 

Two militant Sikh organiza- 
tions claimed responsibility. 

The report said that rup- 
tures to the jet's forward area 
and damage to its hydraulic 
and control systems created 
uncontrollable conditions. 

Indian and foreign investi- 
gators suggested no external 
blow to the plane, the judge 
said, and, US space officials 
had confirmed that there was 
no space debris in the vicinity 
that day. 




...and the latest 

application of lasers 

A new fc^serprocess ran .convert, starlight 
into invistile sets of strings that may soon 
give, live concerts by satellite. 

; . .-M-- - ' - ' ■' 

Another linjtypu mayhaveTniss^ between 
the purely academic and the sternly economic 

Read New Scientist. Make the connection. 

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Today artd every Thursday 









Barcelona fears 
that explosions 
will hurt bid 
for Olympics 

From Richard 

Senor Jordi Pujol the Chief 
Minister of Catalonia, flew to 
Lausanne yesterday from 
Barcelona, concerned that 
Tuesday night's car-bomb at- 
tack, which killed a Spanish 
policeman and was blamed on 
ETA, might damage his city’s 
candidacy for the 1992 Olym- 
pic Games, 

Senor Julian San Cristobal 
Spain's Director of State Se- 
curity, blamed ETA and 
admitted that Barcelona po- 
lice had been on a special alert. 
“It is very difficult to forestall 
these attacks,” he observed 
Catalonia was shaken by the 
bomb's possible impact on the 
International Olympic Com- 
mittee’s decision, which is to 
be taken less than 72 hours 
after the attack. 

Five other cities - Paris, 
Birmingham. Belgrade, Bris- 
bane and Amsterdam — are 
also seeking to host the 

Senor Pascual MaragaO, the 
Mayor of Barcelona, already 
in Lausanne, told the Chief 
Minister by telephone of bis 
fears of a possible linkage. 

It was the second violent 
attack in the Catalan capital in 
less than a month, the other 
being on Civil Guards travel- 

Wijgj, Madrid 

ling in a bus in an area of the 
city where the Olympic village 
is projected. 

The Basque armed sepa- 
ratist organization claimed 
responsibility for this attack, 
in which no one was killed. 

All of Catalonia's political 
parties condemned the attack 
and said that Terra Lliure 
(“Free Country"), a Catalan 
independence group, bad no 
genuine representation. 

The car bomb went off ata 
busy time in Barcelona’s sec- 
ond most important square, 
not far from the exhibition 
halls where the Olympics can- 
didacy office is placed. 

Terra Lliure had earlier 
claimed responsibility for a 
bomb which damaged the 
premises of a bank helping to 
finance the Olympics cam- 
paign. The movement claims 
that the Olympics would 
threaten an influx of Spanish 
influences and lessen the 
region's identity. 

Various Catalan ecological 
groups have protested peace- 
fully against the Games, aijgu^ 
ing that scarce resources 
would be diverted from, for 
instance, the community’s so- 
cially more pressing needs. 
Olympic countdown, page 48 

Car clues 
may point 
to Bonn 

From John England 

A government memorial 
service for a senior West 
German official shot by two 
Red Army Faction terrorists 
last week was held in Bonn 
yesterday as police examined 
the abandoned getaway car for 
clues to the killers. 

The car, a red Opel Kadett, 
was found in a quiet street ina 
Bonn suburb on Tuesday less 
than two miles from where Dr 
Gerald von Braunmufal aged 
SI. chief of the Foreign 
Ministry's political depart- 
ment. was murdered. 

The vehicle carried false 
number plates different from 
those noted by an eyewitness 
to the attack list Friday night 
outside Dr Von BraunmuhTs 
home in the suburb of 
Ippendorf. The official's brief- 
case, smeared with blood and 
marked by a bullet was found 
on the back seat 
Police are hoping that dues 
to the identity of the two 
attackers— wiU emerge from 
forensic examinations. 

Chancellor Kohl, Cabinet 
ministers and the diplomatic 
corps attended the service in 
Bonn's BeethovenhaDe, where 
Herr Hans-Dietrich Genscher, 
the Foreign Minister, paid 
tribute to bis former aide. 

The murder was the Red 
Army Faction's first attack on 
a leading political figure in 

North Carolina Senate poll 

Gentlemen of the old school 
forgo vitriol for temperance 

From Christopher Thomas, Raleigh, North Carolina 

Two years after one of the 
greatest election orgies in 
American history. North Ca- 
rolina remains in tire grip of an 
unremitting hangover, ft is 
groaning towards election day 
without flair or fight, its Sen- 
ate candidates both defc-fed- 
Ued, courtly Soathenr gentle- 

Mrs Jihan Sadat, widow of the assassinated President of 
Egypt, showing a sweatshirt she was given at Radford 
University, Virginia, to mark her doctorate from Cairo 
University. She wiD lecture on women in the Third World. 

pefyingiy ibriL 

The spirit was drained and 
the vitriol all used up in the 
most expensive and arguably 
most videos Senate battle of 
all time. Senator Jesse Helms, 
the nhra-right Republican, 
aided by sure than $20 ma- 
tron, won. 

The two area seeking North 
Carolina's other Senate seat in 
the mid-term election oa No- 
vember 4 are comfortably con- 
servative, but hardly m the 
rightist heUftre category of 

I ndeed , their te m perate bn- 

slakes political prize. Mr Ter- 
ry Sanford, the soft-spoken 
Democratic contender, a retir- 
ed University teacher, says ad- 
amantly that he-wfll not say 
nasty things ahem iris rivaL 
He wants to - show young 
people that politics “is not a 
dirty game.” No wonder a loc- 
al newspaper cartoon shewed 
the cundiifirtw on stage hold- 
ing mkrop tones gone Hop 
from boredom. 

Senator James Broyhifl, the 

Republican, has served North 
Carolina quietly and diligently 
for 23 years in the House of 
Representatives. He is one of 
the favourites of the Reagan 

Ai K n iai^m fi ^ n- 

He acquired his Senate seat 
by governor's decree five days 
alia- the suicide oa July 3 of 
Senator John East, the pre- 
vious incumbent, who. had 
planned to retire when his 
term ended. He had used 
crutches or a wheelchair from 
die age of 24 because of polio 
and a suicide note mentioned 
health Dfobtems. 

With his death the deep 
electoral gloom grew gloomier. 
On Monday, after a sop orifi c 
debate between the candidates V 

Washington DC. 



on statewide tetemtion, The 
Raleigh Tam could not stir 
itself beyond th i amazing ly 
weary famt-page headline: 
“Debates effects! slight, Brey- 
hil] and Sanford agree**. 

Earlier there had been a 
reasonably spirted Repub- 
lican primary fight between 
Mr Broyhitf ami a super-right 
Helms protege who, despite 
the mighty Heims money ma- 
chine, was thrashed. The rea- 
son, simply, is that Broyhill is 
a name to reckon with in 
North Carolina. . 

He b the 58-year-old son of 
a famous North Carolina fur- 
niture raanufocturaig family, 
and his batiks ha the Househn 
behalf of the beleagured tex- 
tile industry are well re- 
spected, even if they were not 
altogether victorious. 

The worn-out Democratic 
Party is aware that It faces a 
tough t asfc ag ain st socb name 
recognition. He election will 
be an important indicator of 
the staying power of R epnb- 
Ijjp ffn gains mffde in the state 
on President Reagan's coat- 
tails. The governor’s office, 
both US Senate seats and five 
-of the ; state's 11 -member 
delegation to the Hoase of 
Representative? are held by 

Mr Sanford, upon Demo- 
critic fortunes now rest, is a 
Steer governor, a name older 
Mks remember, the first of the 
ram South” governors to 
/invest heavily in education. 

Ironically, that very pro- 
gramme of education has help- 
ed substantially to bring about 
some important demographic 
changes that now are working 
against the Democrats. This 
was traditionally one of the 
most blue-collar states in the 
union, immutably set in its 
reunions, right-wing ways. 

But while 48JXM) of its 
textile jobs and 17,000 of its 
family farms (20 per cent of 
the total) have disappeared in 
the past six years of the Rea- 
gan oa, Hneuqrioymeiit has 
been hebt to a moderate 5 per 
cent because of a buoyant new 
economy built on service, tech- 
nology and information. 

The suburbs of cities Eke 
Charlotte, Greensboro, Win- 
ston-Salem, Durham and Ra- 
leigh are new Republican 
bases. The Yupines have land- 

North Carolina chained fit- 
tie, because it never feai large- 
scale hnmjgratfcuL People 
tended to go to more on-the- 
map places Eke Tennessee, 

Virginia and MississippL 

The descendants of the orig- 
inal English arid Scots-Irish 
are still here, but is less than a 
decade dramatic economic 
efaanges have occurred, throw- 
ing the potitical scene into 
turmoil and exposing yet an- 
other Democratic fortress to 
Repob&an invasion. 

Final stage Martens 
at last for gets time 
aliens Bill for talks 

From Richard Owen 



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From MohsmAH 

US Senate and House- of 
Representatives negotiators 
have agreed on a major re- 
vision of American immigra- 
tion laws aimed at stemming 
the flood of millions of illegal 
aliens into the country. 

The landmark Bill provides 
amnesty for illegal aliens who 
came to the United States 
before 1982 and civil and 
criminal penalties for employ 
ers who hire illegal alliens. 

The measure was sent back 
to the Democrat-controlled 
House and the Republican- 
majorhy Senate for final 
consideration this week. 

According to official es- 
timates there may be as many 
as 12 miltion aliens Irving in 
the US illegally, and six 
million more attempt to enter 
each year. 

Congress has worked spo- 
radically on immigration re- 
vision for about IS years, 
urged on tv President Reagan 
in the past three years. But a 
divided Senate and House 
have scuppered all previous 
Bills in then- final days. 

The main dements of the 
compromise Bill are: 

• A ban ou the hiring of fltegal 
aliens. 1 For a first offence, 
employers would be subject to 
a civil penalty of $250 to 
$2,000 (£175-1,400) for each 
illegal alien hired. For a 
“pattern or practise” of viola- 
tions. there would be criminal 
penalties, up to a $3,000 fine 
and six months in prison. 

• An employer would have to 
ask all job applicants " for 
documents such as passport or 
birth certificate and driving 
licence to confirm that they 

were either citizens or aliens jfo the 1970s, Flemish and 
authorized to work in the 1'Frencfa-speaking politicians 
United States. J are, 'now so much at daggers 

• flfegal aliens who entered i drawn that a compromise mav 

Mr Wflfijed Martens;' the 
embattled Belgian Prime Min- 
ister, was yesterday busily 
engaged in behind-the-scenes 
manouevrmg to try to patch, 
up his ruling Centre Right 
coalition and avoid a govern- / 
merit collapse. ’ . j 

On Tuesday, he offered his J 
resignation to King Baudouin f 
after having foiled to resolve / 
apparently irreconcilable oo-f 
alition differences over re-/ 

vived linguistic divua 
between Belgians, Dutch 
French-speaking populati 
The King has postponed 
decision on whether to 

b m * n 

warring Flemish 
phone members (/his four- 
party ooalition, 
raentator put it. 

There is a wi 

T7 1 ! 1 1 i 1 

use of the 

Mr Martens. 

He is/ Belgian's longest- 
serving jfrime minister since 
World yar Two and a symbol 
of poftical stability in a 
county previously noted for 

the US before January 1. 1982, 
and have Eved there - ever 
since may obtain legal Statics. 
Hie Federal Government 
would provide $1 billion a 
year for four yems to re- 
imburse state agencies for the 
cost of supplying public assis- 
tance or other benefits to such 

• If there is a shortage of 
seasonal form workers,, .the 
Government could. Admit 
additional aliens in the finan- 
cial years 1990-1993. 

• A ban on employment 
discrimination based on na- 
tional origin. Many Hispanic 
groups have opposed the Bill, 
fearing that it would lead 
job discrimination 
Hispanics who are citizens 
legal residents of the U 







p^~ll i tv: > i>r,/ k-i 

irrm r 


uwiy wr rapenainirc of 
$Canl-<S billion. The shortfall 
is to be financed by lottery 
funds. Controversy had begun 
to dog, the exposition even 
before it officially opened by 
the Prince of Wales eady in 
May. J 

Critics said tint the money 
would better be spent cm 
* ' meeting pressing sddaT needs 
ated in -fields such, as education, 
mik_healthand houang. /■> 


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Gandhi says Britain is 
‘clearly racist’ over 
strict entry requirement 

Mr Rajiv Gandhi, the In- 
dian Prime Minister, yeswr- 
day accused Britain of racism 
after the imposition of stria 
entry requirements for people 
from the Indian subcontinent 
He said that the steps taken 
by Britain were “very dearly 
racist'’, and be saw it as an 
extension of racist policies, 
''which they are expounding 
in South Afica”. 

Mr Gandhi said that he 
found no fault with Australia’s 
treatment of what he termed 
“backward" aborigines, but 
denounced Britain’s introduc- 
tion of visa restrictions for 
Indian citizens, which he said 
was "clearly racist”. 

Mr Gandhi is in Australia to 
renew his friendship with Mr 
Bob Hawke, the Australian 
Prime Minister, which was 
forged during Commonwealth 
summits at which both coun- 
tries unsuccessfully pressed 
Mrs Thatcher to adopt sanc- 
tions against South Africa. 
Their talks in Canberra 

From Stephen Taylor, Sydney 
yesterday covered economic 
links, which both countries 
say have been neglected, and 
are expected to lead to trade 
and technology agreements. 

There was no sign that Mr 
Gandhi’s hosts woe embar- 
rassed by his reference to 
Aborigines as “backward", 
though it is a statement that 
not even the most conserva- 
tive Australian politician 
would utter. 

Mr Gandhi, asked if he 
thought Australia’s treatment 
of Aborigines amounted to 
apartheid, replied: "Every 
country has a problem with 
certain groups of population 
which are much more back- 
ward than the average level of 

"We ourselves in India have 
many tribal groups which are 
very backward. 

"1 have no doubt that 
Australia will be up to the 
challenge of bringing: Ab- 
origines into modern life while 
preserving their identity." 

Mr Gandhi criticized the 
US Star Wars programme, 
saying that it was not viable 
and would open up more 
dangerous areas than it offered 
solutions "We feel it is not 
going to help in reductions, 
but it will help in the escala- 
tion of the arms race. 

"There are many question 
marks about the whole pro- 
gramme, and the danger of 
putting it into force without 
first overcoming these argu- 
ments will give the impression 
that a certain protection level 
exists,” he said. 

"Any time there is such a 
feeling of confidence in the 
protection levels it will in- 
crease the chances of having 
an inadvertent or perhaps de- 
liberate nuclear situation." 

Security for Mr Gandhi’s 
visit is said to have beat 
unprecedented in Australia. 
When he flew to Sydney yes- 
terday afternoon be was met 
by about 50 Sikhs chanting 
"Terrorist Rajiv Gandhi”. 

21 killed in Bihar revenge murders 

The landed aristocracy in 
the state of Bihar has again 
become a target of extremist 
left-wingers. The death toll 
has risen to 21 after 10 people 
died in two incidents in 
Rohtas and Bhojpur districts 
on T uesday, only days after 1 1 
were killed. 

Bihar is one of the Indian 
states in which the terms caste 
and class are interchangeable. 
Those killed are not only 
members of upper castes but 
also zamindars (land-owners). 

From Knldip Nayar, Delhi 
In fact there has been a 
running battle between the 
landed aristocracy and the 
extreme-left Naxalites (Marx- 
isi-Leninists), for weeks. The 
landlords have a sta n ding 
army, called the Bhumi Sena 
(Land Army), which the 
Naxalites oppose with their 
Ltd Sena (Red Army). Mem- 
bers of both armies have been 
killed in recent clashes. Police 
generally remain silent be- 
cause they are afraid of repri- 
sal by the left-wingers. On 

Draft constitution 
handed to Aquino 

From Keith Dalton, Manila 

The draft of a new Phil- 
ippine constitution was signed 
and presented yesterday to 
President Aquino, who de- 
scribed it as “the framework of 
a house of democracy”. 

The historic 15-minute 
ceremony at the now-defunct 
National Assembly chamber 
brought the formal end of the 
four-month life of the Con- 
stitutional Commission, the 
authors of the document. 

If it is approved in a 
plebiscite set tentatively for 
January 23, local, provincial 
and Congressional elections 
will be held in May to return 
the country to full democracy 
after 20 years of autocratic 
rule by Mr Ferdinand Marcos, 
the former president, now in 
exile in Hawaii 

“Democracy is safe with 
this constitution.” Mrs Aq- 
uino said in a five-minute 
speech in which she thanked 
the 41 men and six women 
commissioners for their “great 
investment of time and 

“With this constitution we 
have the framework of a house 
of democracy that we hope to 
build, a house worthy of the 
great collective act that made 
it possible,” she said, referring 

to the four-day civilian- 
backed revolt that installed 
her in office in February. 

Since the demise of the 
Marcos regime, Mrs Aquino 
has been ruling by means of a 
provisional “freedom” 
constitution replacing the 
martial law constitution 
drawn up in 1973. 

Hie draft Exes a six-year 
term for Mrs Aquino and 
restores an American -style bi- 
cameral system of govern- 
ment, abolished when Mr 
Marcos Imposed martial law 
in 1972. It includes a 24- 
member Senate and a 200- 
member House of Rep- 

Included in the 18 articles is 
an expanded bill of rights, a 
six-year presidential term 
without re-election, and aboli- 
tion of the death penalty. 

To prevent a repetition of 
Mr Marcos’s eight-year mar- 
tial law regime, the draft 
constitution allows the Presi- 
dent to impose martial law for 
no longer than 60 days unless 
approved by Congress, which 
is also empowered to revoke 
martial law at any time. 

Most observers predia that 
the Filipino people will ap- 
prove the new charter. 

Tuesday a group of 40 extr- 
emists captured two officers 
and eight policemen whose 
fete is not yet known. Police 
have scores of outposts in 
Naxalite territory, most of 
them easy targets for 

Senior government officials 
admit that they fear another 
strike at any time. 

The one redeeming feature 
for the Government is that the 
Naxalites are divided: in Bihar 
alone there are 17 groups. 

River race 
may heal 
Asia rift 

From NeD Kelly 

Boat races on Saturday 
along the Mekong River, 
which forms the border be- 
tween Thailand and Laos, 
may prepare the way for better 
relations between the coun- 
tries after 10 years of hostility. 

The races, which have been 
held for centuries, have not 
been rowed recently because 
of border disputes and other 
arguments. The Laotian de- 
cision to send six boats and 
300 rowers, men and women, : 
is seen by Thai officials as a 
green light for senior-level 
talks on all issues dividing the 
two governments. 

In another friendly gesture 
the Laotians will send a 
delegation to the middle of the 
Mekong River tomorrow, 
when they will exchange gifts, 
food and drink with the Thais 
to mark the end of Buddhist 

Both governments have re- 
cently moved towards restor- 
ing normal relations. 

Thai and Laotian ministers 
met at the United Nations to 
arrange for senior officials to 
meet in Vientiane later this 

Africans try again ^ 
to re-open trade ‘ ii’ 
lanes shut by wars 

From A Correspondent Harare 

Mugabe. Prime of Israel puis him out of step 
’imbabwe. and with more million; m«ks such 
nda of Zambia as Zimbabwe, 
order town of With Mr Mugabe at Hie 
vesterdav for Victoria Falls njeetita were 
m'the threat to his Foreign 1 Minister. Dr Wit. 

Mr Robert Mugabe. Prime 
Minister of Zimbabwe, and 
President Kaunda or Zambia 
met at the border town ol 
Victoria Falls yesterday tor 
further talks on the threat to 
their vital trade links posed 
rebellions in Angola and 

Mozambique; . 

Thev arc due lo meet Presi- 
dent Mobutu of Zaire ai the 
weekend in an attempt to 
enlist his help against South 
African-supported Untta reb- 
els in Angola who have sev- 
ered the rail link between the 
Zambian copperbeii and the 
Atlantic port of Benguela. 

Like President Banda of 
Malawi, who has been accused 
of helping the right-wing 
Mozambique Resistance 
Movement (Rcnamo) rebels. 
President Mabuto denies giv- 
ing refuge to Unita. but he is 
geographically better placed to 
oppose the frontline states in 
any confrontation. 

Mozambique has moved its 
Soviet-supplied missiles up to 
the Malawi border add threat- 
ens a blockade m retaliation 
for an upsurge in the civil war 
created by a mass movement 
of Renamo last week from' 
Malawian territory. 

President Mabuto does not 
follow President Banda’s line 
in maintaining open dip- 
lomatic links with South Af- 
rica. but his pro-western 
foreign policy and recognition 

'.O’ -.r- 

Mr Rajiv Gandhi, the Indian Prime Minister, watched by Mr Bob Hawke, Prime Minister rica. but his pro-wcsl 
of Australia, receiving flowers from a girl in Canberra as be leaves to fly to Sydney. foreign policy and recogmt 

Time of transition in Colombia 

Barco plans a fresh style of politics 

From Geoffrey Matthews 

President Barco once ser- 
ved, by all accounts very 
happily, as CMombia’s Amb- 
assador in London. 

Now, more than two months 
after he took up residence in 
the Narino presidential palace 
here, Bogoti wits joke that 
Colombia is in a state of 
transition from its traditional 
“imperial presidency” — sat- 
irically likened to the British 
monarchy — to Westmmster- 
style parliamentary dem- 

Potentially far-reaching and 
healthy chang e are afoot in 
the political life of South 
America's most durable, if 
imperfect, functioning democ- 
racy. But so far it is proving a 
bumpy ride. 

. “The country scans to be 
lacking either Cofombuui- 
style presidential leadership 
or the advantages of an estab- 
lished parliamentary system”, 
according to Sehor Alfredo 
Vazquez Carrizosa, a former 
foreign minister who has him- 
self served as Ambassador to 

Such an identity crisis was 
perhaps inevitable since pol- 
itical skills have never been 
the strong smt of the new 
President, a technocrat, even 
though he has embarked on 
the bold political gamble of 
steering Colombia bade to full 
pluralistic democracy amid 
continued sabvermon ami the 
poverty which fuels it 

His ati-Liberal Government 
marks an historic break from 
the past, ending almost 30 

years of various equations of 
coalition rule under a pact 
called the National Front, 
designed to heal the sectarian 
hatreds which erup ted in un- 
declared rivfl war between 
Liberals and Conservatives in 
the 1950s, a rational night- 
mare of senseless bloodletting 
in which an estimated 300,000 
people perished. 

The new^style politics have 
spawned a rash of hnmorons 
analogies with Britain. It is 
noted that neither President 
Barco nor his wife, an essen- 
tially private couple, is dis- 
posed to be cast as what one 
commentator calk "our coun- 
try's royal couple, constantly 
visiting hospitals and hippo- 

But unfortunately nor does 
the Interior Minister, Senor 
Fernando Cepeda, an urbane 
intellectual, appear happily 
cast as the de facto Prime 
Minister in a Congress 

President Barco: taking 
a bold gamble 

increasingly likened to the 
House of Commons at its most 

In some astonishingly un- 
ruly scenes, he has found 
himself under Cre (and the 
butt of acerbic jokes compar- 
ing him to “La Thatcher") 
from rebellions factions of the 
Liberal Party as well as “Her 
Majesty's loyal opposition”, 
as die Conservatives are now 
dabbed, having declined Pres- 
ident Barco's reluctant, but 
constitutionally necessary, off- 
er of token participation in the 

Instead, the “Godos" as the 
Conservatives are popularly 
known, are busily preparing a 
previouriy-anknown institu- 
tion here, ‘*uu gabinete en la 
sombra" (shadow cabinet). 

Senor Vazquez notes with 
pointed irony: “All we lack 
now in the new scheme of 
government/opposition is a 
motion censuring the admin- 
istration on a question of 

In feet, not everyone shares 
Seflnr Barco's own confid en ce 
that Colombia is ready for 
one-party government, even 
though he won power as a 
result of the biggest electoral 
landslide in history. 

The trauma of "la rio- 
leada ”, as the 1950s conflict 
was known, remains deeply 
scarred on the national psy- 
che, and there are fears that 
the old sectarianism could rear 
its ngly head again. 

Such fears have hardly been 
alleviated by an incident in the 
second-largest city, Medellin, 
in which the load depart- 

mental governor — a notorious 
Liberal Party hack whose 
appointment has been criti- 
cized widely - allegedly 
threatened the life of a Conser- 
vative journalist. The Attorney 
General has ordered an in- 
vestigation into the allair. 

But it is the left-wing Union 
Patriotica (UP) which feds 
most threatened by simmering 
political violence. The UP 
emerged from a series of 
ceasefire pacts agreed between 
the previous government and 
the nation’s biggest subversive 
group, the Moscow-line Rev- 
olutionary Armed Forces of 
Colombia (FARC). 

With a tiny but significant 
representation in Congress, 
the UP regards itself as the 
only legitimate opposition to 
an establishment represented 
by the two main parties which 
have long been ideologically 

Recently, two of its con- 
gressmen were assassinated, 
victims — claims the UP — of 
paramilitary death squads 
working in league with the 
aimed forces. 

Meanwhile, Sedor Barco, 
whose distaste for public 
appearances has led to him 
being tagged the “invisible" 
and “hennitic" president, is 
preparing ambitious urban 
and agrarian reform pro- 
grammes to attack the “ab- 
solute poverty” whose eradic- 
ation is his declared priority. 

Longer term, he believes 
that goal is the only way to 
achieve political stability, not 
only in Colombia but in Latin 
America as a whole. 

ness Mungwendb, and deputy , . r \ '■ * . „• 

Minister of Transport, u " r . 

Amiiu Hughs." 4 « 

Zimbabwe maintains. s -; ' 

large force of. hpnps iir \r 
Mozambique in support of !J * u» * s 

The latest British service rifle,' "S 

whkb is only jwt cMdug into .*■*“ \ .< 

use with British forces. » to h* 1 f * 1 

supplied to a crack tn& of the * 

Mozambican Army » parr of 't \fi u’ * * .• 
a HA million order; accordfeg * * 

io Jane's Defence Weekly (Oer ^ 7 , 

Foreig n Staff writes). - ^ ? *" • v J! ' " 

President MachriV Govern* ** * 

meni forces ak*ng the strategic f.rfj V »'- » 
“Bcira corridor" : 5 V*' **" 

.All six frontline leaders ran 3 •«*' >, l v 
in Maputo at the weekend to 2 1 * 

discuss the mounting security J 1 

crisis in Mozambique, which * .<> , »• 

thev blame on increased 
clandestine suppan by South: V y* ™ « ' 
.Africa for Rename and At-' 
tempts to establish them io y- \ 

new bases in Malawi. 3 V 1 

The allegation is denied kv^.. 
strongK bv President Banda's 2 u** 1 . . 

officials. They say that; their k - ... 
onlv action has been lo re- b :J 

patriate deserters from Presi - 1 " 
dent Machd's forces, with the r7\ N . ’ 
complete knowledge of Ins 1 i -.." ’ 1 __ 


Island ban , tr : 
on Soviet i 
tuna fleet * 



w'rri : • 

y 7 OVAL 


• . A . . 1 • 


Pacific island nation, expired 
on Tuesday and talks on a new 
one arc deadlocked. 

Moscow paid about $1.5 
million (£1 million) for the 
right. The agreement caused 
concern among the Itailed 
States and other Western pow- 
ers about Soviet intentions in 
the Pacific. 

President lercmia Tabai of 
Kiribati has stressed that the 
initial agreement was not 
political The Soviet Union 
recently reached a fishing 
agreement with another island 
state. Vanuatu, while Fiji and 
Papua New Guinea have been 
studying similar proposals. 



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i*®ny# BBC summer season 
the Ouuge diet durinTS 
Orfowaj Revojntion consisted 
“® e . tl «ec filmsand 
«aght revolutionary operasTe- 

SHj* Bta ^ 0 Jg£; 

(BBC2) examined ho* 

*s srssrraj 

The snippets we were given 
conveyed an enjoyable Lo- 
cence, concerned with protect- 

*■***» Popofarizjng thb 
cril»re, BUher llaoTSimha- 
Wedpgdmge of entertain. 

went The forces sweetheart of 

tbePeople s Liberation Army 
jwldted out a popular num- 
her. a young thief on remand 

f« past feeds 

(donating his third prize to the 
prison orchestra) and a ghl 
sang of her love for a weed — 
^tricily botanical" as reporter 
dparid Jesse! added. 

Less botanical were the 
weeds who turned np in The 
Trouble wish Sex (BBC2J, an 
excrnriatfiig series devoted to 
therapy sessions for couples 
‘‘without modi luck is the 
love-making department". 


Last week we watched a 
married couple touch each 
ocher after a shower. This 
week we witnessed a «*nm«r 
of doctors relating exactly 
what they had told their 
patients — and learning is the 
process bow to nod and swal- 
low sympathetically. “We’re 
dealing with a vast area of 
human distress," said the 
organiser of tills psycho-sex- 
ual seminar, but it is hard to 
see how such a coy, 
embarrassing film can have 
BJmniiiated a territory which 
remains desperately 

Like a drink which tarns out ' 
to be spiked. The Life and 
Lores of a She Devil (BBC2), 
leaves an unpleasantly bitter 
taste m the month. Adapted 
from Fay Weldon's novel, this 
potion iff love and revenge is 
luxnrionsly cryptic and bitty. 

Dennis Waterman shuffles 
about like a trainee knitwear 
salesman, Patrice Hodge 
JIares her delicious, horsey 
’mose and, in the deliberately 
brassy title role (to the tune of 
“Warm love gone cold") Jufie 
T. Wallace teaches old biddies 
how to play frisbee: 



Walking back to happiness 

Our last romantic: Patrick Leigh Fermor 

hree days after kidnapping 
General Kreipe and bun- 
dling him into the highlands 
of Crete, Patrick Leigh 
Fermor looked back to- 
wards the mountain they had crossed. 
Seeing Mount Ida's snowy cone, the 
German general recited the first Use 
of a Horace ode. Whereupon Leigh 
Fermor continued with the next line 
and the next to the end of the stanza. 
“Ach so, Herr Major?” breathed 
Kreipe: “That," says his captor, “was 
’the and of thrwar between us.” 

The story, a famous one, is worth 
recycling because it so neatly illus- 
trates the qualities — Byronic and 
otherwise — which have cast their 
spell over a generation. A man as 
much of scholarship as action, the son 
of an Indian civil servant who 
discovered an eight-haired worm and 
a stone now named Fermorixe, Paddy 
Leigh Fermor must also be cherished 
as our last romantic. 

He lives in Greece, on a headland 
jutting into the Messenian gulf. He 
and bis wife built their house, like a 
crumbling monastery, and roofed it 
with faded tiles picked up after 
earthquakes in the Ptioponnese. 
Here, surrounded, by bis books — 
reached via a contraption employed 
by minor rajahs to climb into their 
howdahs — he puts his painstaking 
pen to paper. 

Promising, years ago, to write 3,000 
words for Holiday magazine on the 
pleasures of walking, he instead 
completed a manuscript in his indeci- 
pherable hand about a journey made 
on foot in 1934 from London to 
Constantinople. The book, A Timeqf 
Gifts, broke off in the middle of a 
bridge over the Danube. Today its 
long awaited sequel. Between the 
Woods and the Water (John Murray, 
£13.95) is published. 

“Good heavens, have we an 

In 1934, Patrick Leigh Fermor set off through 
Europe on foot The sequel to his classic book 
about the journey is published today. He 
talks to Nicholas Shakespeare about it 

appointment?" he asks, emerging 
from the telephone box in White's. 
He looks in bis diary and finds the 
scrawl "Francis Bacon, 6.30". Decid- 
ing this is either a flight of heretical 
fancy ora slip of the memory, be bails 
a waiter. “A cup of tea — or can I get 
you something serious?" 

He is old-fashioned and twinkling 
and shy, and speaks, as he writes, in 
scribbles. “Rather", he says, or 
“wonderful", as be leans back to 
bellow with laughter, hoping one will 
not ask him why he writes so slowly 
or so little. “1 was terrified of getting it 
wrong, of forgetting the people who 
did marvellous things. It was awfully 
important to gel it right, to breathe it 
back to life. 

“I rewrite like anything, chopping 
and pruning and mucking about till 1 
like the sound of iL Then I read aloud 
to Joan (his wife) or anyone I can 
buttonhole. It's important to see how 
it sounds." 

The waiter returns with a tray of tea 
and something serious. “I was very 
bucked by the feet people seemed to 
think Td hit the nail on the head." 

What has Helped him remember 
this season of great delights, of 
Central Europe before the war, is the 
return of his green, faded notebook. 
“1 was staying with great friends in 
Moldavia when war broke out and 
left it behind When they had to make 
a forced domicile to the Carpathians, 
they packed everything up, saw my 
pencilled manuscript and shoved it in 
a suitcase." 

Though he had already begun 

writing, the diary unblurred much 
about his *4934 journey. It was a 
journey he had embarked on after his 
expulsion from King's Canterbury for 
holding hands with the "sonnet- 
beguiling" daughter of the local 
greengrocer. With a book of verse, a 
pound a week from his father and a 
vow to accept "no lifts except in vile 
weather", Leigh Fermor intended to 
live like a tramp and wandering 

When asked the reason for his 
travels by some gypsies on a remote 
Carpathian shelf, he replied "For 

is new book continues his 
dawdle down the Danube, 
on to a horse over the 
Great Hungarian Plain 
and into Transylvania 
along a road built by an early member 
of the Travellers Club. And always, as 
he meditates on plains swirling with 
dust-devils or ringing with cuckoo, a 
procession of figures suddenly wan- 
ders across his page. Monocled sabre- 
rattlers. Magyars, khans like Krum 
who drank from the Emperor 
Nicephoros's skull or Vlad whose 
lifelong foible was impaling. Then in 
a shake of his head it is back to the 
cornfields with their manor houses 
"harbouring over-civilized- boyars up 
to their ears in Proust and 

To read Leigh Fermor is to savour 
a Manueline mixture of Domford 
Yates. Proust and Alain-Foumier. 
From this lost world, he can recall the 
shine on the scalp of a bald diplo- 


matist the score of a bike-polo game 
played against the walls of an -ochre 
country house, and his rapt infatua- 
tion with a married girl called Angela 
whom he waved off at the station of 
Deva. one of Romania’s more remote 

Calling the waiter again, he admits 
he has not written to hen "Too much 
of a plunge into the past." But he had 
heard how. forced to share a house 
with an absolutley horrid woman, 
Angela had hot-bloodedly picked up a 
knife and stabbed her. 

Other demons have invaded this 
country-dwelling world. The "swanky 
houses" where he stayed are now used 
by road gangs to store their steam- 
rollers. or by the state as lunatic 
asylums. Returning to one after the 
war, "1 shimmied up ihe wall, went in 
among the inmates, beamed a bit and 
got into the old bedrooms". He 
repeated this experience in two other 
houses. At the third he was invited in 
for lea by the asylum's doctor. 

Sipping his tea in White's, he 
laments they do not sing much in 
Romania any more — “It's not that 
kind of mood''. Marinated in the old 
songs and moods, he shudders at the 
disco in his Greek valley which "has 
put the whole landscape out of 

Alcn to these changes, he immerses 
himself further in the past Proudly 
patting his waistcoat ("1 completely 
change shape in London: I become 
spherical"), he tells how the year 
before Iasi he swam the Hellespont. 
Watched from a small boat by his 
wife, "who sat on her hands in order 
not to wring them" and swimming a 
very un-Byron ic sidesiroke. Leigh 
Fermor avoided a Romanian liner 
and landed in Europe two hours and 
55 minutes later. "It was the longest", 
he boasts, "that anyone had ever 


Queen Elizabeth 

Violinists in the audience will 
no doubt have marvelled at 
the playing of Cho- Liang Lin 
in the two Mozart violin 
Concertos, K218 in D and 
K207 in B flat, which he gave 
with the English Chamber 
Orchestra last night— and to a 
large extent they were right 
Lin's technique is formidable, 
the bowing arm perfectly con- 
trolled, the intonation wdl- 
nigh infallible, the articulation 
meticulous even in long pas- 
sages of fast semiquavers. Add 
to that the quality of his 
sound, which makes him a 
match for anyone In the 

Yet one has to say that these 

performances were on the dull 
side. It is not enough to revel 
in one basic tone-colour, how- 
ever lovely it might be; this 
music surely has more charac- 
ter to it than that, for all its 
expansive camabile lines. In 
short, a lighter, more varie- 
gated touch was needed from 
both him and the orchestra, 
particuJariy in the slow move- 
ments. which tended to me- 
ander. despite Raymond 
Leppard's perfectly chosen 
tempi. Neither did the over- 
blown cadenzas help to 
present the concertos in then- 
best clothes. Indeed, that in 
the finale of the B flat work 
positively went against the 
grain of the music with its 
unfittingly overt virtuosity. 

The orchestra, however, 
was the neatest imaginable 
partner, the strings matching 
the soloist for sheer poise and 
the high horns making some 
distinguished contributions in 
“the outer movements ofK207. 
It was not their fault that they 
failed to knit the finale to 


Susan Marshall 

Three things make Susan 
Marshall's programme for 
Dance Umbrella at the ICA 
especially interesting. First, 
she actually lets her company 
dance — something that has 
been out of feshion lately with 
too many new choreo- 

Secondly, although she 
makes use of virtuoso dance 
steps at times (for example, 
Guillermo Resto’s jumps with 
his hands grabbing the from 
foot and holding it till he 
lands), she bases a lot of her 
work on social dance, street 
dances, or everyday move- 
ment exaggerated and shaped 
into patterns. 

Thirdly, contrary to the 
general move lately towards 
abstraction, she uses her 
dances to show characters and 
incidents. Shall we be back 
next to narrative in contem- 
porary dance? 

The biggest number on her 
programme is.-tnvia. in which 
six people in a dance hail 
constantly challenge each 

The tone of the piece — 
performed to big band records 
- is ironic, sardonic, laconic. 
Marshall's stage persona, in 
this and other pieces, is that of 
a person who has achieved a 
precarious balance in a hostile 
world, and cultivates an air of 
coolness to scare off possible 

Her most striking piece. 
Opening Gambits, his Mar- 
shall as the inhibited friend 
who gets sucked into the 
ambit of a tomboy girl (Jackie 
Goodrich) and her rumbus- 
tious brother (Reslo). all three 
of them getting changed in the 

There is an almost clinical 
detachment in the way she 
observes and presents charac- 
ters, shown most dearly in 
Ward, which concerns itself 
(to threatening, time-marking 
music by Linda Fisher) with 
the effect of deformity or 
disability on a couple. 

Like Stephen Petronio's No 
3 last week, her Arms confines 
its movement almost entirely 
to the upper limbs. Her move- 
ment is less unusual than his 
but gains i merest from being a 
duet rather than a solo, so the 
gestures suggest aspects of 
relationships: inviting, guard- 
ing. seducing, repelling. 

John Percival 

K21 8 into a satisfying whole. 

la the two Stravinsky works 
that framed the Mozart they 
were equally impressive. They 
began with the rarely played 
sequence of Danses 
conceriantes, composed in 
1941-42, music that with its 
obsessive toying with basic 
rhythmic and motivic build- 
ing blocks — for instance a 
simple osdHatii$ interval of a 
third — looks simultaneously 
backwards at baroque ante- 
cedents and forwards to 
Stravinsky's adoption and 
adaptation of serial technique. 

With Leppard using the 
small string section based on 
just six violins specified by the 
composer, this was almost 
bound to be a sharp-edged 
reading. - 

And so was the 
Puldnelta suite, where the 
players were nevertheless al- 
lowed enough freedom for the 
Vivo movement to be given 
with an apposite vulgarity. 

Stephen Pettitt 



Festival Hall 

It is time someone said that 
. the currently fashionable talk 
about bringing Britain's re- 
gional orchestras up to 
^worid-dass standard" is 
insulting and unfair to the 
present players. They gen- 
erally do their job at a high 
level of professional com- 

I wonder whether those who 
yearn for world-class regional 
orchestras have ever attended 
an orchestral concert in mid- 
west America, or heard some 
of the German, French or 
Italian orchestras that do not 
live in Berlin, Paris or Milan. 
They might find the world is 
not as classy as they thought. 

The only thing wrong with 
this Halle Orchestra concert 
was that in order to attract 
London's supposedly sophis- 
ticated music-lovers the or- 
chestra played a rather less 
adventurous programme than 
it might to its Manchester 
subscribers. Even here, 
though, there was a chance to 
appreciate Stanislaw 
SkrowaczewskTs admirably 
circumspect interpretation of 

Shostakovich’s Fifth 

The problem of the Fifth, is 
whether Shostakovich really 
intended that superficially 
triumphant finale to be "the 
optimistic solution" to the 
Soviet artist's problems, or the 

There was plenty of fervour 
in the Halle's bright-toned 
brass section, and suitably 
pugnacious timpani playing at 
the end — yet Skrowaczewski 
handled this finale with a 
brisk formality which left 
listeners free to question the 
music’s emotional sincerity if 
they chose. 

By contrast, the preceding 

Wasted journey over old ground 


Laxgo had been played with 
honest warmth. Double-bass 
lines were properly 
emphasised; the woodwind 
shaped their lonely little solos 
with character, and the violins 
- led by the excellent Pan Hon 
Lee — made a brave, vibrato- 
less attempt at the cruel rising 
chromatic line near the finish. 

One could not fault Mal- 
colm Frager’s aggression or 
accuracy in the solo part of 
Beethoven's Third Piano Con- 
certo, but his interpretation — 
particularly of the finale — 
seemed unyielding and 

Richard Morrison 


Wainwright HI 

Shaw Theatre 

Since his notable appearance 
at this year’s Glastonbury 
Festival, and with a new 
album More Lore Songs — co- 
produced by Richard Thomp- 
son — offering a broader and 
deeper range than that of his 
recent stock-in-trade, ft raa V 
be that Loudon Wainwright ts 
about to return from the 

Partly due to his only hit 
single “Dead Skunk" (from 

1973) being a "novelty” 
record, and also because of his 
own tendency to wrap his 
messages in cotton wool balls 
of whimsy. - the 
singer/songwriteT from New 
York, who has been a frequent 
visitor to Britain since 1971, 
has often been passed over as 
something of a novelty act 

But at the second of his six 
nights at the Shaw Theatre, 
there was every indication 
that he is now taking himself 
more seriously. 

Of course the comic de- 
ment was still there. A lanky 
figure, striding out in a base- 
bail cap and jeans, he began by 
uiging the audience to "Watch 
me rock. I'm over 30", while 
twisting his mobile, square- 

jawed face into a variety of 
hilarious contortions in a 
parody of the antics of an 
aging rock star. 

Themes of personal in- 
security and sexual adven- 
turism continued to be 
presented in a jokey vein, but 
two new songs. “The Back 
Nine" and “The Home 
Sjretch" together with “Motel 
Blues" showed more mettle. 

Wben he was joined on 
stage by Allan Dunn of the 
Eectric Bluebirds on ac- 
cordion and Chaim Tannen- 
baum - a. gifted multi- 
instnimenialist and harmony 
vocalist who used to work 
with Kate and Anna 
McGarrigle — yet more flesh 
was added to the bone of 
.Wainwrighfs songs. In this 

setting, “The Swimming 
Song" and the plangent "Un- 
happy Anniversary" clearly 
demonstrated Wainwrigbt’s 
potential as a first division 
folk music contender. 

Wain wright’s most persis- 
tent trait has been the way in 
which be instinctively draws 
back from making his points 
too earnestly and although the 
balance has shifted, humour 
remains his strongest card. 
The dosing number, “The 
Man Who Couldn't C!ry" — a 
surreal narrative with a less 
clearly defined target than 
most of his songs - provided 
the best vehicle for his pe- 
culiar blend of wit mid. 

David Sinclair 

Talk of the Devil 
Theatre Royal 

This is a revised version of 
Mary O'Malley's play which I 
Blissed when it first appeared 
at Watford last March, and it 
leaves me wondering what the 
mprovemeats are that have 
persuaded Leon Rabin to ven- 
ture yet another main-house 
production with & plainly 
defective piece. 

Ten years ago Miss 
O'Malley took the pants off 
convent school education in 
Once A Ca t holic, a comedy 
tint delighted believers and 
non-believers alike. In Talk of 
the Devil she returns to the 
same territory, shifting her 
viewpoint from the school to a 
Catholic home. 

Otherwise, it seems that she 
has already said everything 
she has to say on the subject. 

We learn again that a 
Catholic upbringing breeds 
hypocrisy, guilt, and sickly 
virions of sanctity; and that 
priests can be good company 
when off-duty. 

If this had yielded another 
spaiitish comedy it would not 
matter if ft consisted of re- 
cycled components. It docs 
matter wben the result is a 
low- en ergy piece made op of 
needless domestic miseries 
and jokes you can see coming a 
mile off. 

It is partly the timescale 
that kOb the laughs. There is 
seme fan In watch i ng the aine- 
y ear-old Geraldines entire 
performance in the con- 
fessional and her queenly 
patronage of her Freddy best 
friend; tat when the family 
chronicle stretches ont to her 
twenties and thirties, showing 

Catholics in conflict Pauline Yates and John Ronane as the Maguires in Talk of the Devil 

the same rancoroos arguments 
still going round and round, 
her working-class father still 
bullying iris progeny into 
mass, her genteel mother still 
slapping them for impieties, a 
deathly daustrophobia sets in. 

Apart from some in- 
consequential episodes, the 
story is one of the deadening 
repetition of wasted fives. The 
only comic escape comes in the 
privacy iff Geraldine's bed- 

room, where she is regularly 
visited by a homed devil who 
tempts her with rude words, 
and the Virgin Mary who 
materializes as a nicely-spo- 
ken Irish lady (played to 
plaster-cast perfection by Ja- 
nette Foggo) who comfortingly 
describes Purgatory as a 
dentist's waiting room. But as 
these immortals invariably ar- 
rive in the same order and do 
nothing to alter the course of 

events, they too add to the 
prevailing monotony. 

Panl Unwin’s lethargic 
production also contributes to 
this effect; tat it allows 
Pauline Yates to make her 
mark as the ageing mother, 
and Theresa Boden to develop 
all too plausibly from a spir- 
ited little girl into a sharp- 
featured discontented woman. 

Irving Wardle 

It’s not all in the mime 





“Performance theatre'' 
endeavours — with mime, 
music and an obsessive con- 
cern for props — to circum- 
vent the accepted procedures 
of stage drama: indeed, its 
monotonous sterility has be- 
come a type of anti-drama. 

The form is especially be- 
loved of Central Europeans (it 
helps them bridge the lan- 
guage gap when louring for- 
eign lands), but in practice it 
simply looks old-feshioned. 
an historical aberration. 

Under the direction of 
Wojciech . Krukowski. 
Warsaw's Akademia Ruchu 
company has been touted as 

Poland's leading exponents of 
the an, although more visually 
dynamic groups such as Teatr 
Nowy of Poznan might quib- 
ble with this claim. 

An 1 1-strong company’ 
which places great emphasis 
on precise physical control. 
Akademia Ruchu is currently 
touring two separate works. 

Supper. Goodnight attempts 
to convey modern Polish 
“reality" as a monochrome 
world consisting of three me- 
tre-square screens (one side 
black, the other white) be- 
tween which the players re- 
hearse the paranoia of 
communication in a repres- 
sive regime. 

Fizzing sticks of gelignite 
are tossed from hand to hand, 
and flashlights and mirrors are 
held up to the house (this has. 

I think, been done before). A 
rape loop of numbers spoken 
in German supplies one allu- 
sion to historical subjugation. 

the closing all-red tableau 

Carthage replaces the tape 
with undistinguished rock 
music find employs the 
screens more imaginatively — 
as when a group of players, 
seated on wooden chairs and 
gabbling among themselves, 
advance by stages under a 
perilously tilted overhang. 

The title presumably in- 
vokes the image of a noblecity 
whose inhabitants strive to 
express themselves while be- 1 
ing ground under an invader's 

There can be no doubt that, 
under the present dispensa- 
tion. everyday life in Poland is 
an insult to ihe brain: for us, 
the shame of it is that the 
theatrical articulation of dis- 
sent has become so safely 
codified, so pathetically 

Martin Cropper 

f / Sr.JOSEPH , s\ 


(Charity ReL No. 23 1 323) 

Tier final days wife you wee 
anong the tapped of her Be. 
Tour gentle skffis con v ert the 
dismal beaneg of dyiqg into an 

These poignant muds fan a 

They are quoted hoe in 
ttanfasivwg to you far the bad 
support on which our or de- 

Sister Superior. 

Barbican Theatre 
01.628 S /95 7 0 
6 8 8 8 91 • 


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A populous place is Greene land 




A remark in the 

York Times to the effect 
that Graham Greene 
was "the largest of liv- 
ing English novelists** 
annoyed the American writer 
John Updike so much that he 
wrote a poem. It began: 

” You are large. Father 
Graham, ” the young fan opined. 
"And your corpus is bulky 

Yet you pen 'entertainments' as 
thin as a rind— 

How do you so hugely succeed?" 
To the English middle classes 
this is as close to blasphemy as you 
can get these days. For Greene 
enjoys a reputation matched by no 
other living author. The word 
"greatest” seems to attach itself to 
his name as effortlessly as exotic 
place names are stamped in his 
passport Critically and popularly 
he is unassailable. Even the fact 
that he has not yet been awarded 
the Nobel Prize is seen as no more 
than perverse eccentricity on the 
part of the Swedes. 

And what other author could 
conceivably have inspired a book 
like Graham Greene Country 
which is published next week? It 
consists of paintings by Paul 
Hogarth of the settings of Greene’s 
novels aad is being accompanied 
by an exhibition in London. The 
opening will be attended by the 
great man himself who is making 
one of his rare visits to London. 

The power of the man and the 
places he has been, from Argen- 
tina to Vietnam, arise from a 
combination of the novels them- 
selves and the mythic quality of 
the author's life. For. although he 
is repeatedly said to be a 
"mysterious” figure, the facts of 
his life and his opinions are 
perhaps more widely known than 
those of any other writer. 

Certain elements stand out as 
signposts to the nature of the 
novels. There was hischiklhood in 
Berkhamsiead — happy but 

the rest of his life. Mr Brown in his 
1 966 novel The Comedians was to 
comment" For writers it is always 
said the first twenty years of life 
contain the whole experience - 
the rest is observation, but I think 
it is equally true of us all.” 

The climax of this early phase of 
irritation and rebellion was his 
conversion to Catholicism at the 
age of 22. He met the Catholic girl 
he was to marry at Baitiol. Oxford, 
after she pointed out a theological 
error he had made in a film 
review. He grew curious about the 
faith. He took instruction from a 
Father Trollope and realised that 
"1 was feeing the challenge of an 
inexplicable goodness.” He was 
received into the Church in Feb- 
ruary 1926 and took the Baptismal 
name of Thomas, after Doubting 
Thomas, not Thomas Aquinas. 

Catholicism was central to his 
development as a writer. "With- 
out it.” wrote the critic John 
Spurting, "the fictional stakes 
were not high enough.” His first 
three novels, starting with The 
Man Within published in 1929, 
were comparative failures but 
with the fourth — Siambou I Train 
in 1932 — be broke through to the 
critical and popular higher 

maned by persistent depression 
and a wilful, indulged fin desiede 
boredom. There was prolonged 
psycho-analysis and there were the 
famous teenage experiments with 
Russian rouleue. It was a child- 
hood that was to obsess Greene for 

T hen, up to A Bumt-Out 
Case in 1961. came the 
long string of works 
known by the critics as 
"the Catholic novels” as 
well as the works like Brighton 
Rock and The Ministry of Fear 
which Greene depracatingly de- 
scribed as "entertainments”. After 
that his work became more di- 
rectly political, based on his 
travels as a journalist and his 
insistent, broadly left-wing 
hankering after justice. 

From this oeuvre his growing 
and loyal readership derived a 
huge portfolio of familiar 
Greenian associations: the sin- 
ister. fraught. Third World loca- 
tions. the lapsed priests and the 
gambling, drugs and whores asso- 
ciated with his agonised protago- 
nists. Even the word "seedy” has 
come to be inseparable from the 
Greene universe. And. behind it 
all. were the nagging questions of 
faith and salvation — perhaps 


1904: Bom. October 2. Educated 
Berkhamsted and Ba&oi 

1925: Publication of his first book, 

1926-30: On staff of Tbs Times. 
1927: Married Vivien Dayrefl* 
Browning; one son. one 

1929: Published The Man Within 
1935: England Made Me 
193 hi Brighton Rock 
1940: Hawthomden Prize for The 
Power and the Glory 

1940- 4I: Literary Editor. The 


1941- 44: Wftr service 

1949: Wrote screenplay far The 
TturaMa/k .. 

1955: Loser Takes at and The 
Offer American 
19 S& Our Man to Havana - 
196& Made a Congestion of ■ 

1937: Member of the Pa nama nia n 
delegation to Washington 
for signing of the Canal 

1978: The Human Factor 
1984: Made a Gommandaur das 
Artes aides Ultras by ' 

198& PutAcatwn ot Tfte Tori* r 
Man. his 43th book. 

The menus of Graham: from early promise, left, through maturity 
to the unassailable states of the doyen at bis borne to Nice, right 



most famously in Major Scobie’s 
decision to be damned for the sake 
of another in The Heart of the 
Matter or the lethal innocence of 
Pyle in The Quiet American. 

In his later years, spent mainly 
in exile in Antibes, the details of 
the faith have come to seem less 
urgent to him. He has pointed out 
that it will not in any case, be long 
before he finds out one way or 
another. But his sense of injustice 
has remained intact (he launched 
an attack on local corruption in 
the South of France) and he has 
continued to produce novels — 
The Honorary Consul of 1973 is 

argued by many to be among his 
finest. Yet he retains his gloom 
about his place in the world. He 
admits his desk at home is littered 

with unfinished works, "still-boni 
books. Failures.” He has saict"! 
have not written the book I 
wanted to write.” 

He has developed a unique 
international persona. He wrote a 
book. Getting to Know the Gen- 
eral. about General Omar Torrijos 
of Panama and he has revisited 
many of his old haunts, though 
this time as a statesmanlike figure 
on conversational terms with 
people like Castro. Meanwhile, 
from afar, be has preserved his 
mischievous, mildly subversive 
relationship with England, send- 
ing letters to The Times and The 
Spectator and occasionally fencing 
on literary matters with his near- 
neighbour in the South of France, 
Anthony Burgess. But on his latest 

visit to London he has reverted to 
something of his old. secretive 
style. He had observed that every 
time he brought out a book there 
was a huge demand for interviews 
in expectation that it would be his 
lasL This time a message came 
from his sister that he did not wish 
to talk. 

The publication of Hogarth’s 
paintings seems to have brought 
home to him the whole nature of 
his career. "1 find myself,” be 
writes in the foreword, "regarding 
his evocative pictures with a 
certain sadness. It is not merely 
that so many scenes which I once 
described have changed in half a 
century, but that a novelist's 
memory is inevitably a bad one. 
No one forgets more easily than a 

novelist — it is his salvation to 
forget.” He adds: "And a writer is 
after all a kind of criminal without 
a conscience. How many people 
have died at his hands and been 
forgotten by the killer?” 

The words hark baric to his 
often-quoted remark that a writer 
must have a splinter of ice in his 
heart and they reveal again the 
extent to which he has always seen 
bis characters as players in a moral 
feble. This often gives rise to the 
uneasy sense that the familiar 
theology can simply be detached 
without damaging the real struc- 
ture of the novel. Reveafingly. he 
has lamented the decline from the 
moral drama of Medieval lit- 
erature to the drama of character 
of the world of the Enlightenment. 
Shakespeare's greatness, he feels, 
arose from his ability to feed off 
both traditions. 

Instead he remains dose to the 
Rider Haggards and the ftrey 
Westermans of his childhood. Ai 
his best this produces a snare, 
direct narrative ability without 
equaL And it is this storytelling 
power which should ensure him a 
long term place in the distin- 
guished English tradition of goo& 
bad writers like Conan Doyle or 
J B Priestley. 

. For the moment, however, the 
clamour of his fens places him in a 
somewhat less humble pigeon 
hole. Or. as Updike's poem 

But thesnattaNe critics 
hum wonderful stuff; 

And that is the heart of the _ 

Bryan Appleyartl 

Among his contemporaries, a 
shared sense that the literary 
tradition was suffering from a 
kind of exhaustion resulted in the 
dazzling imaginative enterprises 
of Nabokov and the inward 
voyage of Beckett. In England 
Greene has written nothing to 
compare with the philosophic 
clairvoyance of Iris Murdoch nor 
can his realisations of religion in 
prose match the. intensity of 
William Golding. 


Graham Greene Country, v * 
l 'isited bv Paul Hogarth with e *?- 
foreword and commentary by ■ 
Graham Greene is published by 
Pavilion at £20. 

The exhibition Travels in Gra- 
ham Greene Country is at the 
Francis Kyle Gallery, 9. 

Maddox Street. London Wl from 
October 2 1 si to Nbvember 



8 Son's wHe(&23) 

9 Sheltered side (3) 

10 Closely person (9) 

11 Funny (5) 

13 Frequent visitor (7) 
16 Abandons (7) 

19 Speak lengthily (5) 
22 Dawdler (9) 

24 Rabble (3) 

25 Delight in other's 
misfortune (13) 

On Death Row, with time to kill 

oqih aasiHaa 

■ ■ ■ ■ 

1 Became muddled (6) 

2 Dinner jacket (6) 

3 Candle maker (8) 

4 Peak (6) 

5 Tall (4) 

6 Using full power 

7 Turn suddenly (6) 

12 Fed sorrow (3) 

14 Pamphlet (8) 

15 Heat treated (1.1.1.) 20 Defensive covering 

16 Stop (6) (6) 

17 Easc(6) 2* Symbol (6) 

18 Deposits eggs (6) 23 Heels (4) 


ACROSS: I Cohort 4 Libido 7 Dope 8Pigswi1l 9 Cataract 13 
Lei 16 Scarier runner 17 Dad 19 Tuck shop 24 Brouhaha 25 

Let 16 Scarlet runner 17 Dad 
Tsar 26 Edible 27 Abseil 

DOWN: I Code 2 Haphazard 3 Taper 4 Logic 5 Bawl 6 Dolce 10 
Allot II Aztec 12 Truss 13Langouste 14 Term 15 Used 18 Ac- 
rid 20 Urate 21 Koala 22 Curb 23 Aril 

Looking into the eyes of a man 
who is condemned to die it is 
hard to resist the temptation 
to make a judgement Carlos 
De Luna was aged 24 this time 
last week. In the early hours of 
yesterday, he was scheduled to 
die. It was something he had 
waited a long time for and 
now he will have to wait a 
little longer, for in the early 
hours of yesterday came a stay 
of execution. He has. at least, 
20 more days to live. 

He is a convicted murderer, 
found guilty of stabbing to 
death Wanda Jean Lopez, a 
petrol station attendant in the 
town of Corpus Christi in 
southern Texas in February 
1983. All along he maintained 
his innocence, but few people 
believed him. 

For some reason, through- 
out the interview which the 
Texas Department of Correc- 
tions allowed him to give to 
The Times on Death Row, I 
was seized with the compul- 

Carios De Luna, three 
years condemned, 
will probably die in 
a matter of weeks, 
Panl Vallely found 
him as much a victim 
of politics as justice 

sion that I had to make some 
decision as to whether I 
believed him. But the matter 
of his guilL I came to see, is a 
matter of utter irrelevance. 

An entire community, in 
various locations, played fts 
part in the drama ofCartos De 
Luna. Perhaps the tragedy is 
that they never came together 
in one place to bring them- 
selves to face with its reality. 

In a small town diner sat 
Sam Gilstrap, who for 26 
years be was the master me- 


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chanic for the electric chair in 
the local prison. He is, 
contemptuous of the lethal 
injection which replaced 
electrocution in Texas when 
the death penalty was reintro- 
duced in 1981 

"If a man is sentenced to 
death, he ougii to have some- 
thing to fear rather than a 
needle which lets him go to 
sleep. When you kick that 
motor on and you hear it 
moan — well, that gets him a 
little upset” 

Sam Gilstrap took pan in 
125 executions and his is a 
majority view. The state's 
most recent poD showed 75 
per cent of the population in 
favour of the death penalty 
with only 19 percent opposed 
to it in contrast to a minority 
support of 42 percent in 1966. 

In the Walls Unit of the 
prison, where the death cham- 
ber is located, the assistant 
warden Mr Robert Ott is 
responsible for the protocol of 
the executions. "I'm just 
carrying out the court order. 1 
don't like doing it but it is a 
parted my job. 

Not far away in the Depart- 
ment of Justice in Sam Hous- 
ton State University. Dr 
George Beta who headed the 
Texas prison system anti] 
1972 and who now teaches 
prison administration, said: "I 
had to supervise 14 execu- 
tions. The worst was that of a 
Mack man who sang Swing 
Low Sweet Chariot as he 
walked from the cell to the 
chamber. I couldn't see him at 
first, I could just bear him 
coming along the hall. Even 
today that song makes my 
flesh creep:” 

Sixty miles to the south in 
Houston a grizzled old attor- 
; ney. Mr WulGray, who was 
handling the last minute ap- 
peals of as many as 30 of the 
250- men and three women on 
Death Row. without pay, sat 
in bleak resignation. Until 
recently, when he launched a 
corrective campaign. 60 of the 
condemned had no lawyer at 
alL They had been represented 
perfunctorily during their tri- 
als and appeals by court 
appointed lawyers bin were 
entirely unadvised about the 
more technical appeals which 
con Id win them stays of 
execution against the Texan 
authorities’ programme to 
execute at least one Deaih 
Row inmate a month in the 
current election year. 

Back on Death Row the 
young Hispanic convict sat in 
a metal cage and peered 
through a slot of thick re- 
inforced glass. "I am hoping 
that I may get a stay. A month 
ago i did not have a lawyer, 
theii when the date of the 
execution was fixed 1 got one. 

.Nft . nnn, Iww, jur^minn).. 

Dbo Fflrt Comdstfrictm GrowtfCoWfc 

Time to die: Carlos DeLana has waited three years on Death Row, so what’s another 20 

without getting at least one 

He had a handsome face 
with the complexion of a 
young child, but the fluency to 
his conversation seemed to 
flow from a disquiet “The 
courts are like the weather. 
You cannot predict them. 
Everyone in here goes crazy. 
One guy cut his veins and 
hanged himsdflast month. 

"The courts should stop 
playing these games. If one of 
us kidnapped, someone and 
locked them up for ten years 
and. told them every day that 
they were to be killed, people 
would say it was a barbaric 
crime, but for the state it is 
legal. It is like abortion; it is 
the _ very same people who are 
against killing babies who are 

in favour of killing me.” ■ 

It was not a diatribe. It was 
an expression of bewilder- 
ment “I have been here three 
and a half years. In that time I 
have had time to think and 
learned to take life more 
seriously, I suppose. I've got 
my college diploma and 
Started to make little jewellery 
boxes. People seem to think 
they are quite good. Maybe I 
could make a living out of it if 
I wasn't in here." 

The pathos of that absurd 
hypothesis seemed suddenly 
acute. So did his cliches which 
were now all too literal. “I've 
said I'm innocent and I'll say 
that until the day I die. But 
where there's life there's hope. 
No one's been executed on 
their first time yet." He 
clutched at this, though he was 

He avoided the subject of 
death itself, so I asked him 
directly. "I think l will die 
With the current policy of the 
courts 85 _per cent of the 

.nonnk in|| 

tually. A lot of people on 
Death Row say that they'd 
rather die anyway than live 
here. Not me. I’d rather stay 
here lor ever than be executed. 

"Death comes to my mind 
every day now. but I try not to 
think about it. I'm scared of 
dying. 1 don't want the pain. I 
don’t want to not be here 
anymore. 1 think there’s an- 
other life. I believe in 
God... and the Devil. r m 
worried about Heaven and 
Hell and where Til go.” 

He fell quiet but the silence 
seemed to disturb him. "What 
is society coming to? They call 
us cold-blooded but they're 
the ones who are strapping us 
down and injecting us. If 
anyone's cold blooded it's 
them. Two wrong* don’t make 
a right they say. The reason I 
agreed to talk to you was so 
people can see that I have 

feelings too. that I'm not 
animal. This is a human being 

speaking. Is it right to do 
this?” It was. then that- 1 


• sl rtre 

l-iio e 

... u 1 ' 1 

i-»* ...» s.; ' 1 

h: , 

•• J- . : 


’ought yc 


Place to die: Huntsville jail's 

^innNiliM M Mu _ 

realized that he probably was 
guilty. . 

"Shortly before I retired.” 
said Dr Beto, "our research 
department did a survey. It 
showed we had 44 men on 
Death Row and 110 murder- 
ers in the general prison 
population. And some of the' 

1 10 had committed crimes far 
more heinous. A lot depends 
upon the vigour or the 
prosecuting attorney, these are 
elected officials and in an 
election year like this one 
that's bound to have an effect. 

"Almost 90 per cent of cases ■ 
arc settled hy plea bargaining 
where the accused accepts, a 
lighter sentence in return for a 
guilty plea. It is the poor, the; 
stupid and the inept who end 
up on Death Row, the ones: 
who can't afford a decent- 

. In the Death Block such 
issues did not occupy the 
attention of Warden On. 
Clinically he talked of how the' 
prisoner is transported and 
who can visit him in the Death 
CeHand detailed the man’s last- 
shower. change of clothes and 
his final meal and revealed tte- 
secret room from which thti 
poison is administered* 
"Ravulon -muscle . rdaxaaL , 
Sodium Thiopental ; -lethal- 
dose. Potassium Chloride- 
stops the heart beat. If you. 
don't get the balance right he; 
would kick like a horse.” V 

He stood by the 'metal' 
gurney and its overhead, ncoi*:-; 
light and painted ceiling which:. 

»s the dead man's final earthly ; ; 
sight. In Huntsville the colour ; 
of death is- pule blue.. "At; - 
psychologist . suggested., 

■*- . — - -j#* -tk *'••* 





**- .. ’’ 
! V: 


Sartre Resartus 
agito ergo sum 

Peter Ackroyd on a life of the 
turbulent savant and scribe, who led the 
intellectual troops of France 

q Ci-r,„ I 

" ‘ .»V> 


J ean-ftuI Sartre was both po- 
lemicist and playwright, nov- 
elist and journalist, 
. Bftawl Philosopher - 
is little more 
5 a 1 n J® r, i _ sf A heevc r-powi n gniateri- 

n ,? Sartre himself and, as 
Ronald Hayman says in this excel- 
lenibiography,‘ihe whole of his 
work can be read as an incons£ 
quenual senes of instalments in one 
enormous unfinishable book.” He 
was always in a hurry - intellec- 
tually speaking, that is. He began 
gargantuan projects only to aban- 
don them; he consistently revised or 
ignored his past in order to embrace 
an imagined future; be was happy to 
contradict himself and even to 
denounce his earlier opinions. He 
had the theoretician's appetite for 
total certainty, which was consis- 
tently at odds with any understand- 
ing .of human experience itself he 
wanted to create a synthesis that 
contained no less ihaq every thing, 
but the project necessarily failed. 
There is always something that 
evades his grasp, something which 
he sees but which he cannot 
completely understand — and that 
something is his own self, tha t 
unstable mass of impulses that 
comprise Jean- Paul Sartre. 

Like many great writers, be was 
also something of a charlatan; from 
his schooldays he possessed the 
ability “to write fluently on ideas he 
had only partially digested”; “each 
of his theories,” Hayman goes on to 
say at another point, “was an act of 
appropriation.” And when this 
facility is combined with his “strong 
streak of exhibitionism” — at uni- 
versity he acted in reviews and 
“cherished the idea of becoming a 
jazz singer** — there are the makings 
of a most erratic, if theatrical 
intellectual. And yet he had genius. 

A Biography of Sartre 
By Ronald Hayman 

WeidenfddA NicolsonJ14.95 

if one can ascribe that nebulous 
term to someone who lives in a 
symbolic relationship with his own 
age. For he was able to impart to his 
experience “the quality of myth”. 

How did be get that way ? Like 
many creatures of myth he believed 
in auto-genesis; he wanted “to think 
of himself as self-created, indebted 
to no one”. As a young man , 
moving up the various rungs of the 
French educational system, he 
“counted on liberating himself by 
becoming totally independent of 
other people”, which is why the 
title of this biography is so apt — 
Sartre was always writing against 
bis family, his childhood, his teach- 
ers, and his own past 

H e always attacks those 
phflosphens to whom he 
was once indebted; but 
on a. more private level, 
this supporter of the working class 
was also never at ease with individ- 
ual members of that fraternity. As 
Hayman says here: “His liking for 
the people was generalized and 

This intellectual’s insensitivity 
(for such it is) partly emerges in La 
Nausbe. the first in a series of books 
that was to bring him great fame. 
The novel was published just before 
the war, but it was really after this 
conflict that he first achieved celeb- 
rity as the proponent of 
“existentialism” A shell-shocked 
Plans was probably the best place for 
a philosophy that “mingled opti- 

mism and responsibility*'; and it 
was appropriate that a man who had 
spent half his life disregarding or 
reformulating his {fast should be- 
come the philosophical leader of a 
country that wished to do the same. 

Existentialism is not a particular- 
ly rigorous philosophical disci- 
pline — like much of Sartre's work, 
it represents a popularization and 
even a vulgarization of other writers 
who are more accustomed to speak 
de haul en has— but it was a 
philosophy for putative intellectu- 
als, and so it was effective in a 
country that tends to be run by 

them. In the years after the war his 
novels and dramas increased his 
fame, just as his editorship of Les 
Temps modemes lent him great 
political influence. In England a 
man with so relentless a theoretical 
perspective would long ago have 
been immured in a university — the 
thought of a philosopher writing 
novels, biographies, and even jour- 
nalism is anathema to the English 
soul, which is as departmentalized 
as it is sceptical — but in France 
Sartre was able to flourish. And so 
there is a sense in which he never 
needed to grow up — in the country 

ol darte he could remain a some- 
what naive theoretician because his 
theories were taken seriously. 

But this is where his problems 
started: as soon as be thought of 
himself as a public figure, his 
predilection for melodrama and his 
propensity for revolt sent him 
straight through la Itit&rature 
engagee to the wilder fringes of 
Western political life, a position in 
which he remained — stuck — for 
the rest of his life. 

O ne of the weaknesses of 
many writers is to believe 
that a “writer” by virtue 
of his dull becomes an 
immediate expert on social or 
economic matters; in fact, a writer's 
opinion on nuclear disarmament, 
for example, is no more interesting 
than that of a butcher or a traffic 
warden. Sartre was one of those who 
overestimated his capacity as a 
political thinker; and, as a result, be 
got himself into a terrible muddle. 

Politically, he was an easy lay: he 
was involved with Maoists, Stalin- 
ists, Leninists, situationisis — al- 
most anyone, in fact, provided that 
they were sufficiently young and 
sufficiently hostile to political estab- 
lishment. And it was all such a 
waste; in the last years of his life be 
could have been writing plays or 
novels that would have survival for 
many generations, and instead he 
was passing the time of day with the 
Baader-Meinhof gang. 

One can understand why he did 
it: he was a genuinely international 
figure, and one with an equally 
uine disruptive consciousness, 
e saw beneath the conventional 
world, in other words, and it was his 
settled belief that all organized 
government was a conspiracy 
against the people. Like Blake or 
Shelley, he was a free spirit who saw 
others being crushed. But his 
motives are one thing and his 
practice quite another — time and 
again he became the accomplice or 
dupe of the conupi and the stupid. 
And yet, as Hayman says, at the end 
of his formidable biography, “there 
is something heroic in Sartre's 
indomitable persistence, in his 
boundless willingness to be wrong.” 
And, as a result, Sartre is somehow 
larger than any of his books. In 
Writing Against Ronald Hayman 
has been able to create a life that 
relates the man to his work in quite 
new ways, and so manages to take a 
proper measure of both. 

Us versus them in 
a botched world 

O-Zone is as good, as fero- 
cious. and as well-written as 
Raul Theroux's best earlier 
novel. The Mosquito Const; 
and that's saying something. 
O-Zone is the Outer Zone, a 
section of the Midwest where 
there are no longer cities but 
only “city-stains”. What has 
poisoned the planet in Paul 
Theroux's vision of the near 
future is escaping nuclear 

New York is a sealed city, 
with rigorous pass-laws en- 
forced by the death penalty. 
The shopping district is one 
vast enclosed mall; the 
wealthy inhabitants of the 
initiated apartment blocks 
wear masks and protective 
clothing when they go out. and 
travel only by hi-tech helicop- 
ter. Video-film replaces direct 
experience, and babies are 
genetically planned and con- 
ceived without contact be- 
tween the parents. It's all 
eerily plausible; as someone 
remarks: “The past is a mys- 
tery. but the future is 
familial** — and the present 
too unstable to write about. 

Outside the seated city lies 
the threat of “aliens* — crea- 
tures with no identity, scaven- 
gers, wrecks, murderers, 
perhaps mutants or cannibals. 
They are non-people, prey to 
be hunted down and eliminat- 
ed by zealous bands of vigilan- 
tes. This unquestioned 
division between “us” and 
“them” is blown apart when a 
group of friends take an illicit 
trip into the O-Zone, just for 
laughs. Fizzy, an uncouth, 
immature fifteen-year-old boy 
who happens to be a genius 
with computers and an ad- 
vanced theoretical physicist, is 
captured by aliens; Hooper, a 
weather-technologist; be- 
comes obsessed by an adoles- 
cent alien girl; and other 
members of the group face 
their own crises: they all are 

It's extremely exciting, 
though very long (469 pages). 


y of the week J 




By Patti Theroux 

Hamish Hamilton, £9.95 

What Theroux is battering at 
between all those lines is the 
way humans see their own sort 
as normal and good, and 
unfamiliar groups as abnor- 
mal. and therefore dangerous 
non-persons. The unarmed O- 
Zone aliens, who are doing 
well, with all the practical and 
intuitive skills necessary for 
survival in the wild, think at 
first that brilliant, boastful 
young Fizzy (who has spent all 
his life indoors with his com- 
puter) is hopelessly retarded 
and barely human. 

As in The Mosquito Coast. 
the question is: how shall we 
survive either outside or in- 
side a ruined civilization? 
Either way we are ridiculous 
and pathetic. The brutality 
necessary to maintain ad- 
vanced civilization for a rich 
minority makes the civilized 
ones more inhuman than the 
lawless outsiders. Yet the 
beguiling “paradise” of the 
aliens* prehistoric lifestyle is 
difficult, and many fail. Some 
technology is essential Fizzy’s 
special knowledge saves his 
new friends. He will stay with 
them; and the lovely wild girl, 
delighted with all the gadgetry, 
will stay in embattled New 
York with Hooper. “Every age 
was simultaneous on the 
earth" in Theroux's projection 
of the future, and if you are 
free it's a “matter of choice” 
which age you live in. Well we 
may have to make that choice, 
or have it made for us. 


Marcel Berlins 


By Dick Frauds 

Michaei Joseph, £9.95 

Only about 89 in The Times 
Private Handicap per’s rating 
for Dick Francis's 25th turf 
thriller. The hero of Bolt is 
steeplechase jockey Kit Field- 
ing. last encountered in Break- 
in. He is weU-born, gritty, and 
gntsy; bnt vulnerable and sen- 
sitive, perennially aching in 
heart and limb. This time the 
object of his heroics is his 
haughty horse-owning patron 
Princess Casilia, to whose 
niece Danielle he is engaged. 

The cocktail includes a cam- 
paign to force the Princess’s 
elderly crippled husband to 
allow his old family firm to 
manufacture firearms; the 
murder of several of her 
horses, including a Grand 
National favourite, by humane 
killer; Fielding's fear that be is 

losing his fiancee to a smooth- 
ie foreign arista; and a manic 
Jockey Club steward seeking 

In other words, it's the 
formal* as before with the 
whiff of the tarf as overpower- 
ing as ever. But this time the 
ensemble Coils to satisfy. Parts 
of the plot verge on the 

S treposterous. ' Francis's vO-“ 
ains has always beat on the 
exaggerated side of villainy, 
bnt Bolt’s Henri Nantcrre is 
altogether too incredible, re- 
minding one of Peter Sellers 
playing Inspector Chmsean. 
Unfortunately, the plot too 
often follows the villain's 
excesses. .... 

• Eavesdropper, by John 
Francome and James 
MacGregor ( Macdonald 


£9.95). Champion jockey 
turned trainer Francome 
makes a bid for a slice of the 
Francis market with an enter- 
taining fate of sknUnggery in 
tnrf and law. Racing atmo- 
sphere ’ convinces, hot struc- 
ture and writing require 
schooling before Francome be- 
comes a literary stayer. 

The Golden Boy 
unfitted to be PM 

We liked it 
so much that we 
bought you one! 

j .“. . a book one turns to with constant pleasure, 
and which achieves the seemingly impossible 
task of being both lively and judicious at once. 

It is a book with much style and little prejudice r 

TIS April 261985 

The Times Literary Supplement Is the world's pre-eminent 
literary weekly. It reviews over two and a half thousand books 
a yeac of which The New Oxford Compamon to English 
Literature (worth £17.50) edited by Margaret Drabble is one. 

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The thirtieth anniversary of 
Suez is almost upon os. Any 
day now the papers will be full 
of critical reappraisals; and in 
January the secrets — if any 
remain - of the Public 
Record Office will be opened 
to breathless scholars. In these 
circumstances the Eden fam- 
ily evidently felt ir prudent to 
get the case for the defence in 
first Eden's reputation has 
suffered fairly continuous 
denigration from unofficial 
biographers, culminating in. 
David Carlton’s unusually 
powerful hatchet job In 1981. 
Robert Rhodes James's book, 
on the contrary, is very much 
the official biography. 

“Authorized" biography 
has its price and its rewards. 
The price is here paid in an 
exaggerated deference and an 
overdeveloped sense of discre- 
tion, which seems to the 
modem reader distinctly old- 
fashioned. The rewjard, on the 
other hand, is that Rhodes 
James has had access both to 
Eden's -diaries and to private - 
information that was not . 
available to earlier miters. 
For instance be can ’ reveal 
exactly what went wrong with 
Eden's disastrous bile duct 
operation in 1953; and how 
Eden impoverished himselfby 
scrupulously insisting on sell- 
ing his Anglo- Iranian Oil 
shares in 1 954. He even makes 
a good case for Eden not 

John Campbell . 


By Robert Rhodes James 

Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 

Capax imperii nisi imperasset 

having been his father’s son at 
all, but George Wyndham's. 

Most important, however. 
Eden was a great hoarder of 
official papers; and Rhodes 
James has received special 
permission to quote from 
them a year ahead of their 
public release. (On what 
grounds.' one wonders, does 
the Cabinet Office permit 
breaches of the Thirty Year 
Rule? Does it help to be a 
former Clerk of the House of 
Commons and Conservative 
MP?) Even more unusually, 
be is able to print Eden's 
exchange of personal letters 
with the Queen on his resigna- 
tion. from the premiership. 
Such new : material compen- 
sates for the longueurs of 
diplomatic' history- Unques- 
tionably it makes for the 
fullest possible view of Eden, 
well worth waiting for. 

What all the fresh detail 
does not do, however, is 
challenge the established .pic- 

ture either of Eden’s personal- 
ity or of his career. Behind the 
“glamour boy” image he was 
immensely hard-working but 
highly-strung: as early as 1925 
he was writing that politics 
was “a nervously and physi- 
cally prostrating business” He 
was a good- Foreign Secretary 
in the Thirties, and was led a 
dance by Chamberlain, 
though Rhodes James aocepts 
too uncritically Churchill's 
idealized picture of the “one 
strong young figure”, standing 
against appeasement, ignoring 
the ambiguities exposed by 
Carlton. He was then led 
another cruel dance by 
Churchill's scandalous ding- 
ing to office until 1955. 

On the - other hand Eden's 
annus mirabilis was 1954 
when, still {foreign Secretary, 
he achieved skilful settlements 
of intractable problems in 
Indo-China, Egypt. Iran, and 
Western Europe (though be 
fatally turned his back on the 
nascent EEC) The truth is 
that be should never have 
been Churchill's heir in the 
first place. While loyally em- 
phasizing his many and great 
virtues, Rhodes James is too 
good a historian to disguise 
that Eden was disastrously 
unfitted to be Prime Minister. 

It was. not just Suez that 
went wrong. Eden was totally 
lacking in, experience of do- 
medic politics and in political 
skills.' Having missed the 
chance to reshuffle (he Gov- 
ernment on first taking over, 
his ministerial appointments 
when he made them .were 
startlingly inept. Protected for 
most of bis career from press 
criticism, he reacted to it with 
thin-skinned petulance. Even 
so placid a colleague as Home 
was maddened by his restless 
interference. Ana then there, 
was Suez. 

Rhodes James's thorough 
account still makes grim read- 
ing. He makes a strong case 
that Eden was misled by 
Dulles, and let down in differ- 
ent ways by Butler, Macmil- 
lan, Monckton, and others. 
But the minutes Of the Egypt 
Committee make it more 
damningly dear than ever that 
Eden's purpose from the out- 
set was to toppte Nasser by the 
use of force, while deliberately 
concealing that intention -be- 
hind' a smoke screen of inter- 
nationalist cant The cynicism 
of the operation would be 
shaming, even if the 
misjudgement of what it could 
hope to achieve had not been 
so gross. The double indict- 
ment, is still dishonesty in the' 
service of incompetence. In 
mitigation. Robert Rhodes 
James pleads good character, 
honourable intentions, and a 
previously unstained record, 
{for all that, the charge still 
sticks. Eden in 1956 brought 
his country into disrepute. 

It is impossible not to be cast 
into gloomy reflection on the 
nature and potential ofhuman 
society after reading the work 
here under review. And yet it 
is cheering to be able to 
contradict the conclusion of 
Jim Grace's old calligrapher 
who claims that “the que$t for 
Meaning in Form belongs to 
an age .long past” 

"The statement comes from 
“Sins and Virtues”, one of 
seven narratives which make 
up Continent, an ambitious 
but carefully distilled attempt 
to create small pockets of a 
new landmass, one within our 
existing geography but with- 
out, apparently, a known colo- 
nial history, and one just on, 
or sometimes over, the brink 
of modernization. 

Jhn Grace's form, to which 
he has clearly given much 
thought, is tinged with fanta- 
sy; and there are some borrow- 
ings from that specific genre, 
including a slightly portentous 
tone which occasionally slips 
into his style. But for the most 
part he fuses folklore and 
political parable, moral fable 
and myth, into something 
rather original and also very 
modern in its fragmentation. 

The stories are ail con- 
cerned with the impingement 
of the newer culture upon the 
older. The corruption from 
without and within the old 
communities is a familiar 
theme, but seems concentrat- 
ed in a clear, fresh, poetic 
style. The best pieces are “Sins 
and Virtues” and “On Heat". 
The first is the story of an 
unworidy calligrapher who 
has the last word cm an absurd 
community of art collectors; 
the second is a beautifully 
constructed “lost tribe" mys- 
tery about an ethnic group 
that enjoys a specific mating 
season. Although each piece 
stands on its own, the seven 
create a new world that is 
strangely familiar. 

The cumulative effect of 
reading John David Moriey*s 
In the Labyrinth is heartbreak. 
This book is not. strictly 
speaking, fiction, but then nor 
is it fact Morley. author of the 
fascinating Pictures from the 
Water Trade (an account of 
contemporary Japan) has 
elected to recreate in a first 
person narrative, the Czecho- 
slovakian prison experiences 
of a German businessman 
who was imprisoned for col- 
laboration after the war. The 
narrative is based on taped 
conversations, but Morley, in 
his own words, has filtered, 
selected, paraphrased, ampli- 
fied. and invented. We are in 
the area of faction, that ever- 
broadening band which in- 
cludes Schindler’s Ark, some 
good travel writing, some bad 
biography, and more and 
more journalism. 

The geography of 
bleak new worlds 


Gillian Greenwood 


By Jim Crate 
Heinemann. £4.95 

By John David Morley 

Andrt Deutsch. £8.95 


By Heinrich BoD 
Translated by LeBa 

Chano & Windus. £9.95 

Mr Morley’s book is ex- 
tremely well written and con- 
structed. It slowly builds a 
nightmare picture of the hor- 
rors of Eastern Europe after 
the Second World War. Jo- 

seph Pallehner, our factional 
hero, is arrested in Germany 
in 1946 and extradited to 
Czechoslovakia, bis home- 
land. His crime was to have 
supplied German troops with 
iron to build railways and to 
have ignored the growing 
evidence of Hitler’s atrocities. 
His trial, in a confused- and 
hysterica] newly reformed 
country, is “an act of ritual 
purification whose course has 
long since been planned.” 

Hie horrors of his sentence 
and the fascinating case his- 
tories of his fellow-prisoners 
make up a picture of both the 
internal prison world and the 
external political chaos in 
central Europe. Prisoners were 
well placed to sense the com- 
ing of the Cold War. They saw 
who came into the prison and 
out to the gallows. The dispas- 
sionate, observant tone of the 
book gives great power to its 

sad and appalling testimony, a 
testimony to cruelty, fear, and 
ignorance that continue today 
at an even harsher level in 
many of the world’s prisons. 

Heinrich Boll's stories, 
which are published here for 
the first time and were pub- 
lished in Germany only three 
years ago.-. -were written be- 
tween 1946 and l952.The 
stories are very raw in every 
sense. They are sketchy and 
thinly fleshed, and yet they 
also have power and urgency. 
Most of them are fragments of 
life on the Russian front 
concentrating on the fear and 
brutality of war. the instant 
comradeship, and the awful 

Hitler is unpopular with 
Boll’s young heroes, as are all 
superiors. Sabotage and self- 
inflicted wounds are a means 
of escape from an eternal 
present of cold and fright 
Later, in post-war Germany, it 
is the same story of the 
struggle to survive in desper- 
ate conditions. Boll's work, 
understandably, seems to 
have started off gloomy and 
has never looked back. 



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The very best travel writing 1 from all ages and 
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and contemporaries. 

In bookshops now. Paperback £4.95 


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I "Coasting is half travel book, half 

JL autobiography, half novel (never mind the 

arithmetic] marvellously written and superbly 
constructed. The author's intention was surely to 
sail through lime and place, to chart the coast-lme of 
his own past, to take soundings of his future while 
bobbing round the edges of Britain. It doesn't matter 
whether I've got it right or not. for whatever the 
intention the result is a triumph, and should be read 
for its evocation of childhood and awkward 
adolescence, its portrayal of his father, its 
descriptions of places and sunsets, of incidents and 
accidents. In short, a writer's view of England and 
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you put among those favourite books you keep on 
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Sub secrets 


After the scuttling of the Soviet 
submarine near Bermuda earlier 
this month. I learn that the wreck 
of a Russian nudear sub has 
lurked virtually unnoticed be- 
neath the stretch of ocean between 
Britain and Iceland. A report of 
the sinking off the Faroe Islands, 
back in spring 1 970. is buried in a 
chart of accidents published last 
May in the respected specialist 
magazine Navy International. A 
CIA source suggests it was scuttled 
by its crew to prevent an interna! 
fire reaching its reactor depart- 
ment John Younger, the Defence 
Secretary, will now be pressed to 
announce whether the incident 
was reported and if radiation 
levels in the area were monitored. 
The accident occurred the same 
year another nudear sub sank off 
the Scilly isles. So worried was 
Moscow that a submarine depot 
ship remained above the wreck for 
years to warn off prying naval 
eyes. When the sinking was re- 
vealed last week, islanders became 
much vexed — but were silenced 
by the thought that too much fuss 
might scare off holidaymakers. 

• The latest recruit — and first 
party leader — to join the women- 
in-Parliament 300 Group? David 
Owen, whose parliamentary party 
includes no women MPs at all. 


A cherished moment for David 
Steel during his tour of South 
Africa came during a meeting with 
Pik Botha, the foreign minister, 
who complained there was too 
much talk of the merits of 
imprisoned black nationalist lead- 
er Nelson Mandela. “The chap's 
got no experience of government. 
He's hardly made a speech; held a 
press conference,” he said, before 
pausing, as if for thought “Mind 
you. 1 suppose it's not entirely his 

Tax and tecs 

There's nothing like television for 
promoting a conference on supply 
side economics, author George 
Gilder tells me. But it must be the 
right kind of coverage. He was star 
speaker at a conference this week 
organized by the Manhattan In- 
stitute and the Adam Smith 
Institute. While unpacking in his 
London hotel he switched on the 
television, to see a close-up of his 
book Wealth and Poverty. “What 
terrific advance publicity,” he 
thought — until he discovered he 
was watching the thriller Hand- 
gun. and his book was on the 
bedside table of a mad rapist. 

• Notice outside the surgical wing 
of a hospital In South Devon: 
“Guard Dogs Operating. Beware.” 


Edwina Currie may not be quite so 
steely-hearted as we all imagine. 
At the beginning of her career, she 
attended the weekend selection 
course for would-be Tory MPs, 
and — as a presage of things to 
come — drove her dozen fellow 
candidates to distraction by talk- 
ing incessantly. On the second 
day. infuriated beyond endurance, 
they turned en masse and ordered 
her to shut up. Sensitive Edwina 
prompty burst into tears. 


‘It's ideal. None of a public school's 
social stigma but all the benefits’ 


Parisian perfume manufacturer 
Parfums Weil has asked Mac- 
millan to send it a few Rudyard 
Kipling books for tonight’s cham- 
pagne launch of a new male scent, 
called Kipling. It says the perfume 
was inspired by the last lines of If. 
“Yours is the earth and everything 
that's in it/And, which is more, 
you'll be a man, my son.” A PR 
gushes that Kipling's name is 
entirely fining for the new fra- 
grance- I can only assume it pongs 
of bazaars and barrack rooms. 

Sidelong look 

In a week when we have all 
■’become involuntary China, watch- 
ers, I discover a most engaging 

HI.V— ~ J « 

ers, I discover a most engaging 
booklet, published in the People’s 
Republic, in which the Chinese 
turn their gaze on us. Called A 
Survey of Great Britain, its find- 
ings include the following: the five 
biggest mass organizationsin this 
country are the TUC, the CBI, foe 
NUS. CND. and foe Society for 
Anglo-Chinese Understanding: to 
send a boy to public school costs 
“very much — about £90”; foe 
Conservative Party and foe La- 
bour Party both represent foe 
landowning and capitalist 
classes - - - Labour likes to argue 
about theories (for example, foe 
theory of socialism), but the 
Conservatives do pot- And 
John Keats, simply fois: He 
wrote a lot of poems. I wonder 
whether it is in- 
scrutable after all. PHS 

Reykjavik: a note of optimism — and a dilemma for Mrs Thatcher 

Why the summit succeeded 

The Reykjavik summit marks not 
the end of serious arms control 
negotiations but foe beginning. I 
cannot understand why there is so 
much pessimism from sensible 
people about foe outcome. All the 
ingredients are now present for a 
major arms deal and 1 am 
confident h will happen. In Ice- 
land. Mr Reagan and Mr Gor- 
bachov took the sort of risks that 
distinguish foe bureaucrat from 
foe political leader. 

by David Owen 

Gorbachov gambled by making 
major changes in foe Soviet 
position right up to the end and 
then hoped to bounce Reagan over 
foe SDI hurdle.' Reagan gambled 
by giving the Russians their head 
in discussing a global settlement, 
which was not on the agenda for 
Iceland, and hoped Gorbachov 
would not make SDI a sticking 
point. Bui neither gambled reck- 
lessly. Both had a dear view of 
their limits, but in negotiating to 
those limits both men loosened 
foe bureaucratic logjam that has 
bedevilled foe negotiations on 
intermediate range (INF) and 
strategic weapons (Start). 

It is all very well for foe 
armchair critics to say that sum- 
mit meetings should be held only 
for heads of government to sign 
previously negotiated texts. That 
is the bureaucrats’ view of politics. 

It is not surprising that former 
presidential advisers in recent 
Democratic and Republican 
administrations who have never 
won a vote in their lives should 
take foe bureaucratic view. 

They have been all too quick to 
point to the political embarrass- 
ment of a foiled summit So what? 
Politicians win votes for having a 
go. and then having the courage to 
call off the gamble if it does not 
succeed. Nothing ventured, noth- 
ing gained. Politicians' virtues 
should be a readiness on occasion 
to take responsibility and make 
decisions on their own initiative, 
cutting through foe bureaucratic 

Those who now cry “1 told you 
so” are foe small men. Reagan and 
Gorbachov were right to gamble 
and. given that neither gamble 
quite came off, both men were 
right to stand firm. Each will now 
think the better of the other for 
knowing that be has sticking 
points. It is certainly not beyond 
the wh of either, or their staffs, to 
find a way round foe present 
impasse over SDL 

I suspect the best answer lies 
now not in trying to make 
substantia! ehangps to the ABM 
treaty but accept that it will last for 

10 years on foe narrow interpreta- 
tion which Gorobachov in s isted 
upon in his attempt to prevent 
SDI development 

Inst ead foe two sides will con- 
centrate on making chang e s in 
another crucial area, that of the 
test ban negotiations. Here both 
men can change their positions 
with less loss of face, wlulc 
respecting each other's sticking 
point over ABM. 

President Reagan shoald re- 
mind himself that he launched 
SDI with an announcement that it 
was a non-nuclear programme. He 
should tell those American sci- 
entists who are urging him to keep 
open the option of a nudear 
explosion in space, as the energy 
source for the laser beam part of 
SDL that he has no intention of 
going back on bis word and that 
any energy source must be non- 
nuclear. He should tell Gorbachov 
that the US nuclear test pro- 
gramme will not be used as a cover 
for SDI-related nuclear tests and 
that be will ask Congress to ratify 
the threshold test ban treaty, with 
tougher verification proviaens, 
but set at an initial Emit of 10 to 
20 kflotons, not ISO kflotons. 
Neither shoald he rule out even- 
tually banning all tests. 

Gorbachov, for his part, should 
accep t , at least for a period, that 
the US will not sign a comprehen- 
sive test ban treaty and recognize 
that by agreeing to a limited 
number of low threshold tests the 
US has moved a long way to limit 
his most immediate concern over 
SDL With such an understanding 
the ootixne INF and Start accords, 
agreed at Reykjavik, could within 
months be the basis of a . global 
aims control agreement ofhisioric 

Gorbachov should reme mb e r 
that Reagan's commitment to SDI 
may weO not be shared by foe 
president who takes office in 1997 
when foe new agreement over foe 
ABM treaty could expire. Also, 
that by deriving the SDI pro- 
gramme of a nudear source of 
energy in space, be win have made 
it much harder for the US to make 
the major technological break- 
through be feats doting the next 10 
years. It would be & Reagan's 
successors to determine whether 
bis SDI vision is capable of being 

A gigantic stride was taka in 
Iceland towards making the world 
a safer place by reducing the risk of 
nudear warJsow all we need is a 
few small steps to complete the 
process. I am confident they win 
be taken. 

Lawrence Freedman shows how Rea gan has embarrassed his allies 

The argument at Reykjavik- over 
i different ii 

SDI was based on different inter- 
pretations of the 1972 Anti- 
BaJ fistic Missile Treaty. The US 
position was that “research, 
development and testing” of 
defensive weapons was permitted 
by the treaty, and would continue, 
but there would be no move 
actually to deploy for at least ten 
years, so long as there was progress 
on cutting offensive arms. It 
complained that the Soviet Union 
was trying to prevent further 
research proceeding forcefully by a 
“change” to the treaty. Gorbachov 
complained that Reagan was seek- 
ing to kill foe treaty. 

It may be that Gorbachov was 
pushing for an unduly restrictive 
amendment to the treaty; there is 
little doubt that Reagan was 
requiring Moscow to accept an 
interpretation that would drive a 
coach and horses through it. 
Should it be followed in foe 
immediate development of SDI, it 
could well embarrass America's 

There has always been tension 
between foe ABM and SDI. The 
treaty forbids attempts to build 
nationwide defences against ball- 
istic missiles; SDI is exploring foe 
possibility of constructing such 

Until now the two have been 
reconciled on the basis that the 
treaty does not actually forbid 
research. Research can be justified 
to keep abreast of relevant tech- 
nology and maintain an ability to 
respond should the other side try 
to break out of the treaty's 

So long as the effort is confined 
solely to research neither side 
could expect to break out because, 
with systems as complex as these, 
considerable development work 
and testing would have to be 
undertaken before any deploy- 
ment decision. Although the treaty 
requires only six months notice of 
withdrawal from its restrictions, 
withdrawal without full testing 
would not be prudent 

The initial Soviet response to 
SDI was to argue that it should be 
abandoned completely and any 
research related to space-based 
systems prohibited. Not surpris- 
ingly foe Kremlin concluded that 
research related to improving 
existing types of anti-ballistic mis- 
siles, in which it has been actively 
engaged, could continue. With 
Naio backing, Reagan felt able to 
reject a complete bin on research. 
The allies were comforted that be 
had promised to keep within the 
confines of the ABM treaty and 
that any move beyond current 
research would need to be foe 
subject of a joint negotiation with 
foe Soviet Union. On this basis 
some, including Britain, even 
began to discuss with the US their 
own participation in SDI. 

Gradually Moscow came to 
modify its position, accepting that 
“laboratory” research could be 
permitted, although the precise 
meaning of fois term has yet to be 
determined. In return Gorbachev - 
proposed that the withdrawal 
period should be extended from 
six months to 1 5 years. This would 
in effect make it impossible to 
plan an effective defence. What 
might seem feasible in 1986 could 
seem hopeless by the end of the 
century. Reagan did not reject foe 
idea out of hand. When he mote 
back to Gorbachov be proposed 
that the period of withdrawal from 
the ABM treaty should be seven 
and a half years. In arms control 

Can we still 

go along with 
Star Wars? 

terms that was considered hopeful 
if for no other reason than that it 
indicated that SDI was now 
negotiable. However, the catch 
was a less restrictive view of 

This was spelt out by the. 
President in a speech to the 
United Nations last month, in 
which he outlined his seven and a 
half-year timetable. Should either 
side decide to deploy such a 
system after that time, it “would 
be obliged to offer a plan for 
sharing the benefits of strategic 
defence and for eliminating offen- 
sive ballistic missiles”. This plan 
would be negotiated over a two- 
year period. If the two foiled to 
agree then, either side would be 
free to deploy so lon$ as it gave six 
months notice (that is, the current 
withdrawal period). 

It seems unlikely that such a 
plan could be agreed in two years, 
especially as foe side offering it 
would be under no obligation to 
make it all acceptable to the other. 
“Sharing foe benefits of strategic 
defence” sounds very generous 
but unless the most monumental 
transfer of advanced technology is 
anticipated, no offer is likely to 
prove very enticing. 

The key phrase in foe speech is 
(hat until 1991 foe two sides could 
■ continue to research, develop and 
test strategic defences “as permit- 
ted by the ABM treaty” in order to 
'judge if “advanced systems of 
strategic defence are technically 
feasible”. The only development 
and testing actually permitted by 
the treaty is of fixed land-based 
anti-ballistic missile systems, of 
the type developed by the two 
superpowers during the 1960s and 
1970s. Such a system is still 
deployed by foe Soviet Union for 
the defence of Moscow in the 
limited quantities (up to 100 
launchers) allowed by the treaty. 

It may be that this' is- what 
President Reagan had in mind but 
it would be surprising, for a 
system based solely on lad-based 

interceptors would be extremely 

limited in what it could achieve. I 
might be suitable for protecting 
some military installations, such 
as missile silos or command 
centres, although even this could 
not be guaranteed. It could cer- 
tainly not protect centres of 
population, which has always been 
Reagan's basic objective. Nor do 
land-based systems involve the 
space-based technology with 
which SDI has been most asso- 
ciated. Lastly, if foe constraints 
were to be removed on the 
deployment of land-based ABMs 
then foe Soviet Union might be 
better placed to take advantage, 
because this is foe area on which it 
has .concentrated its own effort. 

A reading of the treaty does not 
suggest that any other type of 
development and testing is 
permitted. However, a year ago 
the Reagan administration 
broached a new interpretation 
which, if offered by the Soviet 
Union, would have quite properly 
been greeted by Washington with 
derision. • 

. Article V of foe Treaty is quite 
specific “Each Party undertakes 
not to develop, test or deploy 
ABM systems or components 
which are sea-based, air-based, 
space-based, or mobile land- 
based”. That seems comprehen- 
sive and unambiguous, but foe 
administration's lawyers have 
sought to discover a loophole, in 
Agreed Statement D to the treaty: 
“In order to ensure the fulfilment 
of the obligation not to deploy 
ABM systems and their 
components ... the parties agree 
that in the event of ABM systems 
based on other physical principles 
and including components ca- 
pable of substituting for ABM 
interceptor missiles, ABM launch- 
ers. or ABM radars are created in 
the future, specific limitations on 
such systems .and their compo- 
nents would be subject to 

This statement was insisted 

upon by foe US side in 1972 in 
order to ensure that any new 
technological developments (and 
they had a large Soviet laser in 
mind) would be brought into the 
treaty framework. Washington 
now insists that this same lan- 
guage can be used to justify the 
development and testing of strate- 
gic defences outside the treaty 
framework so long as they are 
based on “new physical prin- 
ciples”. Once this logic is accepted 
there seems no reason why it 
would not be possible to deploy a 
system if wholly based on “new 
physical principles". It is at any 
rate wholly against the spirit of foe 
treaty and. if followed, makes a 
nonsense of Article V. 

When fois interpretation was 
first raised the response was such 
that George Shultz promised that 
the US would continue to abide by 
foe more orthodox “restrictive" 
interpretation of the treaty. He 
insisted, however, that the new 
permissive interpretation was still 
■ valid, it is this interpretation that 
foe President was trying to sell to 
Gorbachov in Iceland. The only 
US concession is that foe period 
before deployment has now been 
moved from seven and a half to 10 


Some optimists in European 
foreign ministries hoped- that foe 
question of what is “permitted by 
foe ABM treaty” was sufficiently 
intriguing to encourage Moscow 
to enter into discussions. After all 
there needs to be some exploration 
of the Soviet notion of “laboratory 
research". All fois would be 
worthwhile if the objective was to 
strengthen the ABM treaty. But 
that is not Reagan's objective. His 
scheme is designedto help move 
forward to “greater reliance on 
strategic defences”. 

The governments of America's 
allies now have to explain why a 
remarkable arms control package 
should be put in jeopardy to 
protect a programme that is 
unlikely to yield much of value 
and can proceed oztiy on the basis 
of a contrived version of ABM. 

What does this mean, in 
particular, for Britain's own 
participation in SDI research? 
This has been justified as being 
well within the terms of the ABM 
treaty. Will Britain now connive 
in foe reinterpretation of the treaty 
or will it insist on the importance 
of sustaining one of the few 
important achievements in the 
history of strategic arms control? 
The author is Professor of War 
Studies at King’s College, London. 

Strains ahead when baby seeks a bride 

The arrival at Heathrow this week 
of thousands of Asians seeking 
entry into Britain has again drawn 
attention to foe immigration is- 
sue. The Home Office, which has 
been monitoring foe trends, be- 
lieves foal immigration to Britain 
is certain to increase as more 
young Asians reach marriageable 
age and some marry partners from 
the Indian subcontinent. In foe 
longer term, therefore, the level of 
immigration will depend mainly 
on foe extent to which those 
brought up or born in Britain 
choose to seek their spouses from 
foe subcontinent. 

Information from the Home 
Office so far suggests foal a large 
proportion of such young people 
do indeed seek partners abroad. 
This figure must be seen in the 
context of an approximate 50 per 
cent increase over the next decade 

in the annual numbers of young 

.Asians reaching marriageable a^. 

So. unless there is a change in 
family habits during the next few 
years, the proportion of such 
young people choosing their 
spouses from the subcontinent is 
likely to increase. 

Another way of looking at 
future prospects is through the 
labour force survey released by foe 
Office of Population Censuses and ■ 
Surveys. This shows that, in terms 
of age. foe three main commu- 
nities of Asian' origin now living in 
Britain break down as follows: 32 
per cent of Indians (258,000) are 
under 16. as are 46 per cent of 
Pakistanis (169.000) and 49 per 
cent of Bangladeshis (46.000). 
Clearly if large numbersof these 
young people seek their partner 
from abroad, then foe future level 
of immigration might once more 
become a political issue. 

But safeguards do exist. If the 
primary purpose of foe intended 
marriage is to obtain admission to 

foe United Kingdom, admission 
will be refused. After marriage, 
there is then a 12 months’ 
probationary period. 

But few Hindus believe in inter- 
marriage to foe extent that they 
would encourage their daughters 
to marry an Englishman, let alone 
a Pakistani or West Indian. The 
Home Office figures even seem to 
imply that many z^ian parents do 
not particularly wish their daugh- 
ters and sons to marry young 
people of similar origin brought 
up in fois country. 

One wonders how much foe 
parents' influence is felL The 
Home Office recognizes the ar- 
ranged marriage to be valid as an 
institution, subject to the safe- 
guard against it being used primar- 
ily to settle a spouse here. 

The culture of those from the 
subcontinent remains strong after 
they settle in Britain. It is further 
enhanced if the mother in the 

household does not speak English 
well and the children have to 
communicate with bo- in her 
original language, or if foe re- 
ligious affinities are strong. 

Below all these trends, runs a 
strong current which defeats even 
foe pressures towards conformity 
in modern Britain. People are 
today much more conscious of 
their roots. From foe Welsh to foe 
Australian Aborigines, from the 
North American Indians to the 
Basques, there is concern about 
tribal identity, ft is as if the 
process of standardization and the 
pace of change are making people 
more aware of foe groups they 
belong to. It is all a long way from 
foe “assimilation" that in foe early 
1960s was seen by some as a 
possible goal for immigrants. 

Peter Evans 

Home Affairs Correspondent 

Ronald Butt 

Labour’s soft 

As usual foe party conferences this 
year changed the political scene in 
ways hardly predictable. The To- 
ries had been fighting defensively 
to orove font thev are not indit- 

to prove that they are __ 
fcrent to foe social services and 
unemployment. Now they can 
claim credibly to be foe only party 
with an effective defence policv 
and also offering the kind of 
society, based on socially respon- 
sible capitalism, with which most 
voters are likely to feci comfort- 
able. The Affiance had devised a 
defence formula to heal the difj 
ferences between Liberals and 
Social Democrats. Yet it only 

deepened them. 

But foe key to the transforma- 
tion is m the Labour Party. For all 
its emollient publicity. Dibour 
after its conference is deeply 
damaged by the grisly light which 
its defence policy has shed on its 
wider claim to moderation. 

Had Labour simply undertaken 
to renounce Polaris for example s 
sake, and Trident on cost grounds, 
many serious about defence but 
disenchanted with the Tories on 
domestic policy might still have 
voted Labour. Even phasing out 
US cruise missiles could have 
appealed to a sentiment which is 
not ami-Nato but dislikes having 
on British soil a powerful foreign 
weapon which we might not be 
able adequately to control. 

But Neil Kinnock also declared 
that Labour would refuse to accept 
foe Nato nudear umbrella because 
to accept it would be immoral. 
Labour pretends that thi s is not at 
odds with effective Nato member- 
ship. But the logic of declaring 
nudear deterrence to be immoral 
is that Nato should abandon its 
nuclear weapons and its fun- 
damental peacekeeping strategy of 
deterrence. Kin nock wishes it to 
face foe Soviet Union only with 
conventional aims. 

Labour thus stands in the 
posture of an anti-Nato party 
which is at best neutralist if not 
anti-Western. However many vid- 
eos Kinnock produces on his 
defence policy, he cannot explain 
fois away, and it is almost 
inconceivable that the electorate, 
which knows how Western Europe 
has been both free and at peace 
these last 40 years, will vote such a 
party to power. 

Why. then, did the Labour 
leader do it? First, foe so-called 
soft left of which Kinnock is the 
leader, still nurtures the old 
Labour sentiment that there are 
no real enemies on foe left. Soviet 
socialism may have disagreeable 
features, but it is improving and 
socialism of any sort is a bond. In 
at least three recent broadcast 
interviews, Kinnock has referred 
in foe same sentence to “Pres- 
ident” Reagan and, much more 
intimately (as though to a friend) 
to “Mikhair Gorbachov. He may 
not doit consciously^ but it tells us 

Second. Labour's hope is that 
foe nation is so preoccupied with 

domestic policy that it win turn a 
Mind eye to defence, or persuade 
itself that Labour does not mean - 
what it -says. Bus since .Kinnock 
mid his friends afto know that foe 
voters will shy . away from 
Labour's neutralism if they ttfr 

risk alienating the ; ... 

U is not simply that foe anti* 
Nato policy is one with. which 
Kinnock is personally comfort- 
able. The explanation is that this 
defence policy is foe price paid for 
buving off the left, soft and hanL 
from attacking the domestic tac- 
tics of relegating formal socialism 
in favour of the so-called mod- 
erate policies of "social own- 
ership" and planned growth by 
way of more state spending, which 
is Labour's bait to voters discoo* 
tented with the Torres' soctal 

The calculated risk is foil 
elections are won on domestic 
policy and that nothing must 
disturb Labour's New. Deal' 
prosperity image in which sodaL 
nm is hardly mentioned. 

But why did foe left accept foe 
bargain? The reason is that for foe 
first time since the war it see « a 
chance of breaking the foreign 
policy consensus, wresting Briata 
out of Nato for all practical 
purposes and setting an example 
which could lead to a neutralist 
Western Europe. At the same 
time, a moderate posture on 
domestic policy is the only road to 
power. There will be time enough 
later, if Labour gets power, to start 
again the onslaught for a truly 
socialist domestic policy when 
there is another inflationary crisis 
and Prime Minister Kinnock is. 
freed with the choice between^ 
accepting IMF terms and barr- 
icading the nation behind the siege 
walls of socialism. 

Kinnock is mistaken to suppose 
foe pubfic will not see the signifi- 
cance of all this. Not only is Mrs 
Thatcher able to present foe 
Tories as the only party _ with an 
acceptable defence policy^ foe 
power the left has shown on 
defence demonstrates how vulner- 
able Labour's moderate domestic 
policies would also be to . their 
attack. It becomes increasingly 
likely that if the majority of voters 
wish the new non-socialist dis- 
pensation of the Thatcher yean to 
stick, and there is every indication 
that they do, they will conclude 
that the Tories are foe only: 
feasible candidate for govern- 
ment, provided the economy re- 
vival is not seriously checked. 

Once a new consensus of so- 
cially responsible capitalism is 
established there will be room for 
a new principal alternative party 
of government to arise within it. 
This could look very like the kind 
of Social Democratic Party which 
Dr Owen aspires to lead. But I 
doubt that it canget off the ground 
until the old Jen-dominated La- 
bour Party has been relegated to 
foe fringe of politics. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

And as they near 
the dotted line. . . 

Tension is almost unbearable as 
the leading contenders to host the 
1992 Olympics come into the 
home straight. For many con- 
noisseurs, it has been a far more 
exciting race than the Olympic 
Games itself. Who can forget the 
way Palermo took the lead sensa- 
tionally on the first lap, and was 
mysteriously shot down in the 
second? Who can forget foe mo- 
ment when much-fancied Dublin 
was disqualified for promising 
4.000 licensed bars in their Olym- 
pic village? But this week at last 
foe final few cities have foe 
finishing line in sight and tomor- 
row. when foe result is announced, 
many of us will be staying in bed 
extra late just to hear it an- 

For all of you. 'fens or not, here 
is foe list of foe 

final contendere. 

drawn up by our sports and inner 
city decay staff. 

Dona Pong. The ninth largest city 
in China. Done Pong houses 
15 million inhabitants. all of 
whom are either expert athletes or 
working full-time on their chal- 
lenge to host foe Olympics. Dong 
Pong has undergone so many 
name changes in the last 50 years 
that it is not actually mentioned 
on any atlas at the moment, but if 
it is awarded the Olympics, its 
people promise to change all that. 

In an effort to impress the IOC 
committee. Dong Pong has flown 
all foe members to China, given- 
them a slap-up meal and flown 
them back again; since then it has 
flown slap-up meals from China to 
foe IOC committee every day. Its 
final presentation to the commit- 
tee takes the form of an entire 
Chinese opera entitled The Heroes 
of the Revolution build a S*vi tu- 
rning Pool Overnight. 

• Coca-CohmUe. This African 
city is foe only contender which 
has gone to foe lengths of changing 
us name to suit one of the 
sponsors. To finance its Olympic 
project, it says it will borrow foe 
money from foe World Bank and 
never pay it back. A river has 
already been diverted to create an 
Olympic size swimming pool: if 
the bid is unsuccessful, it will be 
the first Olympic size mangrove 
swamp in the world. To impress, 
the committee, foe government 
has offered to declare war on any 

applying to be the host for the ■ 
1992 Booker Prize ceremony,” 
says a spokesman, “but the forms 
must have got mixed up in the 
post Still, now we're in the 
running, we’re very excited. Mil- 
ton Keynes is built in the form of 
an Olympic village anyway, we 
can always fill up our Bowl to 
make a swimming pool, and John • 
Dankworth over at Wavendon has . 
promised to come up with sbme : 
exciting versions of the national : . 
anthems for the opening and prize - 
ceremonies. Don't forget that foe: : 
playing of the national anthems 
now takes more time than foe 
events themselves.” All the track .. 
events will take place on the ■ 
nearby Ml, most of whiefr is 
coned off and unused already. _ 

• Tripoli. In an effort to impress, 1 
the Tripoli council flew the IOC . 
committee ' out to- Libya and 
threatened not to send them bode- - 
until it was awarded the Games. 
The IOC promptly elected a new 
committee, but Tripoli is still very 
e running, as the sand . 

much in the running. 

for the high jump pit is of higher 
e. One 

quality than anywhere else, 
possible drawback is foe lack of 
water it is not certain that all; 
swimmers would care to ride foe 

• Jifaadatad. A glittering new city 
specially created in foe desert 
sands near Mecca for an Olympic . 
rite. When foe IOC suggested foal . 
it might be a bit out of the way, the- 
city was specially moved to. foe 
glittering desert, sands near R£ 
yadh. Jihadabad has also built' 

personal palaces for each member 
IOC i 

country of the IOC's choice. So Su- 

the offer has noi been taken up. 

• Milton Keynes. A surprise con- 
tender this, as it had no intention 
of bidding for foe Olympic 
Games. “We thought we were 

of foe IOC committee, in which . 
they can relax and consider* theft 
verdict, together with their wives. . 
families and accountants. Jihad- • 
abad has now gone bankrupt, but 
the Saudis do not think this witt - 
harm their chances; after all, they 
point out, so have all foe other - 

• Birm i ng ham . Not Birmingham, . : 
England, but Birmingham. North 
Carolina, a small town of 10.000 
inhabitants. Its chances ' are . 
pinned on two hopes: first, that the ^ 
committee wiltconftisc it with the " - 
English city and, secondly, that in ? 
foe event of a mass boycott of.lhe .■ 
1992 Olympics, the IOC will be - - 
looking for a modest site. “We - 
could easily house half a dozen ' 
nations, no problem," the town 
council says. “We looked after foe ; 
US Frog Jumping Championships - : 
m 1 982, and people still talk about 
foe way we handled il foete If wcv" 
can do frogs, we cando people.” 


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E1 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 

the selbourne affair 

In tte springtim, of this year 

University which provides 

- movement IMP *" h fecilities and for 
preached Freedom anS**^* 1 ll ?e Government which pro- 
ness. In the eariy Amul^X It** foe college with the bulk 
politicians ‘ *5*4?* 

pinned the red m«> . Rusk,n began its institu- 

collective btmon hrtie ! 10na i Hfe in *** kte nmo* 

made glossv-bonnrf ?**** J^nth century as a privately 
for !™ ded foundation whha 
meantime they have 2 rnm l tment t0 working class 

powerful assaults firmi IS ik?* education. It later became 
political opponents ^vho ^ d ° m,na,ed by lhc trade union 

that beneath the bland appSr- 

51111 ** 

It is always, of course, useful 

Labo * ur ment rcmains - although the 
rrifirc “? 10 extent of financial Datronaae 

movement which both fi- 
nanced its work and provided 
foe bulk of its students. In 
present day Ruskin the union 
domination of die manage- 

cnucs in the Conservative and 
Alliance parties. It can some- 
times, however, be more 
instructive to see how the 
Latour.movem.ent feces up to 

its friendly critics - and more 
important, what it does to 
those of its friends who dare to 
challenge Party orthodoxy. 

For twenty years Mr David 
Selbourne has been a leading 
left wing teacher in Oxford. He 
has taught, the history of 
political ideas to a generation 
of students at Ruskin College, 
a mainly state funded institu- 
tion which, while not being 
part _ of Oxford University 
itself, has close links with that 
university. Its students may 
take University diplomas, use 
University libraries; its staff 
have the security of tenure that 
they would have as dons. 

In; the essence of any 
University is the freedom of its 
members to speak, to write 
and. to publish without fear. 
Security of tenure (with aU the 
consequent rigidities and in- 
efficiencies which it brings in 
its wake) is defensible only on 
the grounds of defending this 
freedom. On March 26 Mr 
Selbourne. wrote an article for 
The Times. Subsequently his 
lectures were boycotted, his 
students intimidated and his 

As an individual case of 
injustice Mr Selbourae’s case 
is depressing. On May S he was 
due to lecture on Thomas 
Paine's Rights of Man; instead 
he found himself barred by- 
pickets bearing placards accus- 
ing him of being a “scab”. His 
academic colleagues refused 
him support. He was deprived 
of most of his tutorial stu- 

As the picketing continued 
he appealed to the acting 
Principal; his writing for The 
Times was . called 
“provocative”. As for any 
protection from his union, the 
Association of University 
Teachers, its Assistant General 
Secretary was a member of the 
the executive committee of the 
Ruskin governing body which, 
censured him for the article 

As well as an individual 
injustice (which may even- 
tually be adjudicated by the 
courts), the Selbourne case is 
also a manifestation of more 
general problem for the educa- 
tion authorities — for Oxford 

. patronage 

does not. State funds make up 
90 per cent of the college 

What is the link between 
academic values and trade 
union values? If they elacb 
which prevails? If the values 
that prevail are utterly anti- 
thetical to those of a univer- 
sity, what should a university 
do about it? 

Earlier this year, in connec- 
tion with the attacks at Bristol 
University on Professor John 
Vincent for his columns in The 
Sun. the Vice Chancellor of 
Oxford University; Sir Patrick 
Neil, said that it was “quire 
intolerable that any attempt 
should be made to disrupt 
lectures or classes whether on 
account of something' that the 
persecuted academic has writ- 
ten or the publication or 
journal in which he or she has 
written it. Any such attempted 
disruption is a direct attek on 
academic freedom and no 
amount of posmring or special 
pleading can disguise this ugly 

All the while that he was 
speaking there was just such an 
ugly feet in evidence in Oxford 
itself There was just such a 
persecuted academic. But be- 
cause Ruskin is not a formal 
part of the University there is 
no university sanction upon 
the students who picketed Mr 
Selbourne, nor upon the staff 
who stood by while the of- 
fences against free speech were 

The only sanction is the 
threat to end the relationship 
between the University! and .. 
the college as a whole, injuring 
the innocent of Ruskin as well 
as the guilty. It may have to 
come to that if the college 
cannot provide a satisfactory 
account of its behaviour. 

Should tax payers’ money 
continue to support Ruskin in 
the current circumstances? 
The minister for higher educa- 
tion, Mr George Walden, has 
already raised questions and 
called for the relevant papers 
from the Ruskin Principal, Mr 
John Hughes; he should con- 
sider the matter with ex- 
pedition and Mr Hughes* 
answers with care. . . 

The important questions in 
the Selbourne aflair are not, 
however, just for the courts, 
not just for University vice- 
chancellors and Government 

ministers. They concern every- 
one who has an interest in 
what definition of freedom 
might prevail in a Britain 
governed by Mr Kinnock's 
new model Labour Party. 

Mr Selbourne is pan of the 
dissenting tradition hi Ruskin 
— and in the Labour. Party at 
large — of RlRTawney and 
G.D.H.CoIe. His writings 
show him to be sceptical of 
orthodox left wing solutions, 
of received left wing wisdoms. 

In his article in The Times in 
March he dismissed Mr 
Kinnock’s purge of Militant as 
“the sound of brooms and 
hoses in the Augean stables as 
Labour starts preparing for the 
general election”. In a sub- 
sequent article in The Guards 
ian he wrote that “the prospect 
of the Labour bandwagon 
pulling its dead weight into 
Downing Street is one to daunt 
our hopes of radical (as dis- 
tinct from rhetorical) political 

He is not amply a left wing 
thinker who has changed sides. 
He is a left wing thinker who 
takes right wing ideas seri- 
ously. Only by a serious analy- 
sis of what Mrs Thatcher has 
achieved in government will 
Labour ever make itself a 
serious contender to take ho* 
place. Yet itis no secret that 
serious dissent of Mr 
Selbourne’s kind is un- 
welcome in today’s Labour 

Mr Kinnock is walking a 
tight-rope and his supporters 
want noone to spoil his act He 
wants to make a temporary 
loan of Mrs Thatcher’s best 
clothes — wider home owner- 
ship, respect for family values 
etc— not to make them part of 
his permament wardrobe. 

The cry is going out from 
Walworth Road that now is 
the time for all parts of the 
movement to come to the aid 
of the Party leader. One of 
those parts is Ruskin which 
has gradually expanded its 
work as a think-tank for trade 
union tacticians. The Prin- 
cipal, Mr Hughes, is an adviser 
to the shadow employment 
spokesman, Mr John Prescott. 
Its governing body is chaired 
by the long-time chairman of 
the Labour Party Conference 
arrangements committee, Mr 
Derek Gladwin. 

Some of those who are 
prepared to help Mr Kinnock 
may genuinely believe that the 
stifling of dissent is a tem- 
porary pre-election phenom- 
enon, that even the boycott of 
The Times itself is an excep- 
tional matter, that in then- 
heart of hearts the Labour 
leadership is absolutely 
committed to the pursuance of 
free speech and the free flow of 
ideas in our universities and in 
society at large. 

Others may wonder whether 
the treatment of Mr Selbourne 
is nota better sign of what may 
happen when Labour is in 


Pope John Paul II is said to 
have given his consent to a 
series of Carbon i4testsonthe 
Turin Shroud, under the 
supervision of foe Pontifical 
Academy of Sciences. Such 
tests have been proposed be- 
fore, but the church has ev- 
idently been waiting until 
there was general agreement in 
the scientific community that 
the techniques available were 
sufficiently reliable, and that 
the an of Carbon 14 analysis 
had reached the point where 
only very small samples 
needed to be consumed. 

The church does not gen- 
erally object to exhaustive, 
checking of claims to the 
miraculous: cures tendered as 
evidence in support of 
canonisations, for instance, 
are routinely submitted to 
independent panels of doctors 
who are encouraged to be as 
scientifically sceptical as they 
like. ■_ The same “devil's 
advocate” approach is the only 
honest one in this case too, 
even though the Shroud is by 
■far the most famous and most 
venerated relic of alL For it 
appears to be the burial cloth 
which was round the corpse of 
Jesus after the Crucifixion. 

If the Shroud was nothing 
more than that, astonishing 
though its survival would be, 
convincing scientific evidence 
of its authenticity would raise 
no further issues. But what 
makes it unlike anything else 
on earth is the trace it cames. 
in the same reversal of light 
and shade as a photograph 
negative, of the body of an 
adult male who met a violent 
death... . - 

In previous scientific tests it 
is this pattern which has been 
the centre of interest, for no 
plausible explanation has ever 

been ventured as to how .it got 
there. It is detailed, anatomi- 
cally accurate, and haunting, 
especially the face and head 
TTiere is only the slenderest of 
evidence for the presence of 
pigmentation, whether arti- 
ficial or natural, and the 
genera] view of scientists who 
have examined it is that it 
resembles a burn mark, or 
something similar, such as 
would be caused by radiation 
rather than contact 

•If the Shroud is a medieval 
artefact, whether originally in- 
tended as a feke or as religious 
art there would be universal 
curiosity as to how it was done, 
for no-one in the modem age 
has succeeded in reproducing 
anything like it If it is approxi- 
mately 2,000 years old, on the 
other hand, it will be hard to 
counter the claim that it- is 
indeed what it is already 
reputed to be: evidence of foe 

The Bishop of Durham not- 
withstanding, the general be- 
lief of Christendom has always 
been that the dead body of 
Jesus went through a unique 
and mysterious transforma- 
tion in the tomb, through the 
direct power of God; and that 
by this -miracle it was returned 
to life, and the tomb left 
empty; But orthodox theolo- 
gians have drawn a discreet 
veil over the nature of the 
process. They have insisted, 
rather, that these were matters 
of faith not science. They 
would even agree to an extent 
with the famous Durham dic- 
tum that God is not in the 
business of “knock down laser- 
beam miracles” such as would 
leave no work for faith to da 

Long have theologians prac- 
tised their answers to the 

atheist’s insistence that if there 
was~a God, He would surely 
have provided some proof of 
Himself, and that if the central 
act of human history, as the 
theologians tell it, was the 
Resurrection, it would surely 
be an appropriate occasion for 
such evidence. Not so, say the 
theologians; on the contrary. 
Faith, as' the supreme religious 
. virtue, is the only appropriate 
way of apprehending the su- 
preme religious truth. 

The scientists in their C-14 
laboratories certainly will not 
claim to be settling such grand 
philosophical arguments: they 
will emerge with a date (or 
range of dates) and that will be 
the end of their role. And 
should it be from the period of 
the Roman occupation of Pal- 
estine, there will still be cover 
for sceptics to hide in: the tests 
could be faulty; the Shroud 
must be a much earlier fake 
than anyone thought; the 
mediaevals had doctored a 
genuine relic; and so on. But 
the sceptics will be wriggling, 
grasping at unlikely explana- 

Before believers cheer too 
loudly in that event, though, 
they should count foe cost to 
their own side. The church will 
too. An authentic 
hroud is too amazing 
an object to have been left in 
the tomb by accident, per- 
chance, to be found and kept, 
perchance to have survived 
until scientific progress could 
reach a point where it could 
unlock" the secret It is almost 
as if God had calculated that 
some 2,000 years ahead sci- 
ence would have replaced 
theology as foe commonly- 
accepted arbiter of truth, and 
planned accordingly. . 

be wriggling 
Turin Shroi 

Means to fight 
cervical cancer 

From the President of the Royal 

Sir. (Cervical cancer is a potential, 
but curable, threat to many young 
women in this country. The 
diagnosis of cervical cancer at an 
early stage depends on the recog- 
nition of changes in cervical 
smears, and this in turn depends 
on the skill and. training of the 
sereeners and pathologists in- 

Your report (October 8) on the 
British Medical Association's re- 
cent report gave welcome pub- 
licity to the topic and highlighted 
some of the main problems. 
However, it did not refer to the 
final conclusion of the report, 
which stated that adequate re- 
sources should be made available 

for an effective programme. 

We welcome the suggestion that 
screening should be used more 
effectively, directed at younger 
women in addition to older ones 
and carried out more often. Your 
readers must be aware that the 
resource implications for the very 
huge increases in screening that 
would be required are major and 
would need considerably more, 
finance than has been made 
available so far. An increase in the 
number of screeneis and patholo- 
gists would be essential in addi- 
tion to better call and recall 

It is likely that the present 
Government will listen to public 
pressure and indeed yesterday Mr 
Fowler made reference (report, 
October 9) to the need for im- 
proved screening. However, there 
is no point in improving the 
screening programme without 
proper facilities being provided to 
peat the patients who have pos- 
itive smears and then are found to 
have cervical cancer. 

This involves more 
gynaecologists to undertake 
colposcopy and the resultant sur- 
gery that would be necessary. 
Many health authorities are so 
committed financially that with- 
out additional money they can 
only improve and expand the 
service for the prevention and 
treatment of cervical cancer at the 
expense of the requirements of 
other groups of patients. • 

We trust that on this occasion 
the Government will not only 
accept die advice on the ways to 
combat this cancer, but will also 
provide the means. 

Yours faithfully, 

(President, The Royal College of * 

(President, The Royal College of 
Obstetricians and 

D.M.D. EVANS (President, 

British Society for Clinical 

The Royal College of Pathologists, 

2 Carlton House Terrace, SW1. 
October 9. 

Reykjavik failure 

From Professor Ronald Fletcher 
Sr, A simple question hovers 
tistently over the ruins of the 
kjavik talks. If as we are told 
t>y both sides, agreement could 
have been reached on the immedi- 
ate reduction and then complete 
elimination of nuclear bombs and 
weapons, followed by procedures 
of information-sharing and super- 
vised testing (for the development 
and employment of nuclear power 
for civil purposes) which would 
prevent any future manufacture of 
them, what need would remain for 
Star Wars? 

The need fora strategic defence 
initiative of this kind would have 
been removed and the research 
sums devoted to it could be re- 
directed to the study of other 
p roblems pressing upon the mod- 
em world — perhaps, even, to a co- 
operative and constructive 
strategic peace, initiative. 

What, one wonders, is the 
answer of the Americans to this 
question? Why — with the re- 
moval of the problem so closely 
and realistically in sight; some- 
thing which the whole of mankind 
surety desires — do they continue 
to insist on a pro gr am me which 
would be unnecessary? 

Yours sincerely. 



Haleswortb Road. 


Southwold, Suffolk. 

October 13. 

From Mr WA. Wilson 
■Sir. Monsignor Bruce Kent (Octo- 
ber 6) may be right to maintain 
that the use of nuclear weapons is 
impossible without general catas- 
trophe resulting. But that forecast 
is based on the premise that both 
of the sides possess such weapons. 

If a non-nuclear Britain under 
Labour came to blow with a 
nuclear power the war would be 
limited indeed. Mr Kinnock 
would simply lose his beloved 

’ Yours faithfully. 


Danesfield House. 

Holly Bank Road, 

Hook Heath. 

Woking, Surrey. 

October 6. 

Rise and fall of racing drivers 

From Mr N. P. Goozee 
Sir. 1 read with much interest 
James Hunt's profile (October 9) 
of Nigel Mansell. Having been 
involved in motor raring since 
1963 and now mana g in g the 
design and construction side of a 
top UK-based American team, I 
have seen many drivers rise and 
falL very few. unfortunately, being 
best remembered for their pleas- 
ant personalities. 

However, during the seventies 
and eighties a major transition 
took place whereby motor raring 
ceased to be a sport in the true 
meaning of the word, reverting 
instead to a highly sophisticated 
commercial activity requiring 
budgets of many millions of 
pounds to compete at the senior 

Without wishing to appear un- 
grateful to those who ultimately 
provide the incomes not only of 
myself but the other “insiders”, as 
James Hunt called us, team 
owners have, out of necessity in 
many cases, become puppets to 
their sponsors, who are in turn 
able to dictate the choice ofdrivers 

In return, the driver, as the focal 
point of any team, has to be a 
marketable asset and should be 
fail to live up to the expectations 

of the sponsor, either in racetrack 
results or off-irack charisma, he 
can be discarded as a usable 
commodity. Unfortunately, there 
are many highly talented drivers 
effectively unemployed, their only 
crime being an unreliable team or 
a non-saieable face. 

As a keen supporter of Nigel 
Mansell and the Williams team, 
with whom we are closely asso- 
ciated. 1 sincerely hope that he 
wins tire world championship. 
Inwardly, though. I fear for him. 
Very few drivers who actually 
become world champion can resist 
the enormous temptations and 
pressures, deny themselves the 
hype and glory and continue to do 
the Job they are employed to do in 
the same effective manner. 

Should Mansell win the world 
championship I sincerely hope 
that he can retain his “disarming 
honesty, working-dass charm and 
naivety", as described by James 
Hunt, because, should he succeed 
in doing so. tire achievement will 
be greater than that of winning the 

! remain, yours faithfully, 

N. P. GOOZEE (Manager, Penske 
Cars Ltd). 

27 Highland Road. 

Wimborne Minster. Dorset. 
October 10. 

Support for sport 

From the General Secretary of the 
Central Council of Physical 

Sir. There can be little doubt that 
one of tire most enlightened 
amendments to an Education Bin 
as far as sport is concerned has 
been tabled by Mr WHEam Cash, 
MP. who. in the debate on 
October 21, will be seeking sup- 
port for his suggestion that local 
education authorities should be 
required to ensure that adequate 
opportunities for young people to 
be coached and to lake part in 
competitive sporting activity 
should be made possible. 

The reaction of the Education 
Secretary, Mr Kenneth Baker, 
reported in your paper on October 
14, is both unfortunate and 
damaging. As the national associ- 
ation of all sport in this country 
the CCPR is convinced that the 

British public regard the involve- 
ment of young people in sports 
participation as an important 
priority. State schools possess an 
enormous range of sporting facil- 
ities. provided at great public cost, 
which, at present, are increasingly 
underused by schoolchildren ana 
the local community. 

It is tiie CCPR's firm conviction 
that if a serious effort was to be 
made by government to rekindle 
interest in sports action then 
British society could only benefit 
The amendment tabled by Mr 
Cash contains a cost-limitation 
factor and is in line with what 
British sport felt was the general 
policy thrust of this Government 

Yours faiihftilly, 


General Secretary. 

The Central Council of Physical 

Francis House, Francis Street SWI. 

Football violence 

From Mr Ivor Benveniste 
Sir. Most of football's problems 
have been caused by the inability 
of the Football Manage- 

ment Committee to act positively, 
but few decisions have been so 
provocative as tbe one to exdude 
Luton Town from playing m the 
littlewoods Cup. Consequently, 
tbe Government are likely to 
renew pressure for the creation of 
a membership system for football 


There are three arguments 
against instituting stub a system. 
First, it is alleged that “floating” 
supporters will be prevented from 
attending: matches. However, 
league attendances are falling ev- 
ery year and unless something is 
done soon this decline will con- 
tinue. Short-term losses in spec- 
tator attendance are likely to be 
counteracted by increases in fam- 
ily support if hooliganism can be 

Secondly, h is alleged that the 

cost of instituting a membership 
system would be beyond the 
means of the Football i .eague. 
However, this could be financed 
out of the fends that are distrib- 
uted to dubs from the Pools 
Promoters Association and tele- 
vision companies. 

Thirdly, the argument that loss 
of away supporters reduces the 
atmosphere created at football 
matches is inconsistent with the 
experiences of the National Foot- 
ball League (which comprises 28 
teams across the USA and where 
travdling distances are prohib- 

Football is in need of a talented 
chief executive to ran the in- 
dustry. However, are the football 
dub chairmen ready to take such a 
bold and progressive step in order 
to protect the national game? 
Yours fahhfiifly. 


Training Director, 

Levy Gee Training Limited, 

100 Chalk Farm Road, NW1. 

City colleges plan 

From Mrs C. M. Handley 
Sir, The Government -is to be 
congratulated on the concept of 
city colleges of technology, but 
not, perhaps, on the plan to admit 
pupils to them at tbe age of 1 1. 

Tbe city colleges are needed 
because it is now dear that the 
teaching profession cannot attract 
enough highly qualified graduates 
. in mathematics and the sciences to 
staff every school in the country. 
But there is a great need for 
exceptionally talented pupils to 
meet specially talented teachers in 
the company of their intellectual 
equals, if their learning is to be 
exciting enough to encourage 
them to develop their abilities to - 
tbe full. The city colleges will also 
provide a useful growth point for 
secondments from industry to 
teaching and vice versa. 

However, 1 believe that there is 
a grave risk of repeating the 
mistakes of the past if entry to the 
city colleges Is to be at the age of 
1 1. It is my experience, as tbe 
former headmistress of an inner- 
London school (a grammar school 
until 1976 and then a comprehen- 
sive school) that talent is some- 
times detertable at 11, but its 
direction and potential are seldom 

This is partly because neither 
maintained primary schools nor 
private prep schools have exten- 
sive facilities for' tbe teaching of 
science. Pupils do not, therefore, 
have full opportunities to discover 
their own interests and abilities ' 
until they reach secondary schooL 
Their personal and psychological 
development on the path from 
childhood to adolescence is also 
significant in fixing their future 

If the city colleges were to admit 
pupils at tbe age of 13 selection 
would be more effective, since 
there would be more evidence of 
the applicants’ ability and inclina- 
tion to pursue such a course of 

study. There would still be time, 
since these pupils will presumably 
be ofhigh ability, to provide a fast- 
moving and stimulating curricu- 
lum, but they would have a further 
two years to nib shoulders with 
contemporaries of all abilities and 
more time to discover if their own 
aspirations match the ambitions 
of their parents. 

Yours faithfully. 


Coil House, High Street. . 

Little Eversden, Cambridge. 

Schools guide 

From the President of the Second- 
ary Heads Association 
Sir. “The Good Schools Guide” 
(October 6-10). so prominently 
endorsed in your recent pages, is. 
of course, nothing of the sort. It is 
a very limited, very local and 
highly partial description of some 
aspects of some schools, and 
informed readers will recognise it 
as such. 

What makes it so depressing, 
however, is the total irrelevancy of 
its concept of “standards” to what 
this country actually needs from 
hs schools. 

The industrialists I meet, and 
many of the employers, are ada- 
mant that we need competent 
confident young people, involved 
in their own education and 
committed to it able to apply 
what they have learned and to 
communicate it And they insist 
that we need these qualities in all 
our young people — not just a 
handful of Oxbridge high fliers, 
not even the paltry 24 per cent of 
them who continue their foll-time 
education beyond the age of 1 6. 

So where are the schools that are 
meeting these needs? And what 
are you doing. Sir. to identify and 
encourage them? 

Yours faithfully. . 

M.N. DUFFY. President 
Secondary Heads Association, 

107 Si Paul's Road. Nl. 


OCTOBER 16 1933 

Germany's withdrawal from the 
disarmament conference svrprisedj 

Rome considered that the decision 
did “not close (d doors”. but in 
Paris suspicion strengthened that 
Hitler’s red objective was 
rearmament. The United States 
blamed Germany fora step that 
“gravely imperilled me 
instruments of uUcmaiionalum 
and ordered peace". The German 
referendum on November 12 
showed40,523J37 in favour of 
withdrawal from the League of 
Nations. 2,066,066 against 



The German Government an 
nounced yesterday its decision to 
leave the Disarmament Confer- 
ence, to give the prescribed notice 
of its withdrawal from the League 
of Nations, and to hold a Referen 
dum on the issue, combined with a 
General Election, on November 12, 
According to the first brief an 
nouncement, the decision was 
taken “in view of tbe humiliating 
and degrading of 

other Powers at the Disarmament 
Conference." This announcement 
was followed by a manifesto from 
the Government to the nation and 
a manifesto signed by Herr Hitler 
personally, which were made 
known to representatives of the 
Press by Dr Goebbeb. the Minister 
for National Enlightenment and 

The Government’s appeal says 
that the German Government and 
tbe Genian people are at one in 
the “will to pursue a policy of 
peace." and they give an assurance 
of their readiness to destroy even 
the last German machine-gun and 
discharge the last man from the 
army as long as the other nations 
decide to do the same. They believe 
that to concede Germany's equality 
of rights is the “unavoidable moral 
and actual condition" for any 
participation in international in 
stitutions and treaties. The “Gov- 
ernment and people are therefore 
one in the decision to leave the 
Disarmament Conference and to 
withdraw from the League of 
Nations until this real equality of; 
rights is no longer withheld." The 
Reich Government puts to the 
German people the question: 
“Does the German people approve 
the policy of its Government, and 
is it ready to affirm and solemnly to 
pledge hself to tins policy as the 
exp ress i on of its own view audits 
own will?" 

Hie dramatic suddenness with 
which the Government’s decision 
was announced is characteristical- 
ly National-Socialist, and the style 
of the various appeals suggests that 
certain of the principal Nazi 
leaders had more influence on the 
drafting titan representatives of 
the older diplomatic and adminis- 
trative school . . . 

Rom tbe point of view of 
internal politics it most be regain- 
ed as a brilliant stroke, as long as 
the calculation that the other 
Powere will hesitate to take serious 
action proves right. At one and the 
same time the move wfll serve to 
distract attention from tbe 
R ei ch s t ag fire trial, which has not 
been going vay well from the 
regime’s point of view; to stimulate 
the enthusiasm of the 
Government's supporters, which 
has shown signs of giving way 
everywhere to discontent; to pro- 
vide tbe Government with a vote of | 
c onfi dence on an issue of national 

honour which no German can dare 
sregard; to rid tbe Reichstag of 
aflrehra of tbe party system; andto 
lay the foundation for the proposed 
regional reorganization of the 
Reich ... 

The issue s well chosen as a 
means of stiffening tire German 
people behind the regime. In the 
eyes of practically every German, 
this country has been cheated year 
after year by the non-fulfilment of 
the general disarmament under- 
taking in the Treaty of Versailles, 
and more recently of tbe principle 
of equality embodied in the De- 
cember declaration and the Mac- 
Donald plan ... 




Merits of VAT 

From Dr F. B. Jones. FRS 
Sir. The point raised by Mr R. J. 
Felly (October 2) is a very valid 
one- PAYE National Insurance, 
rates and corporation tax account 
for 31 to 32 per cent of the wealth 
crated (added value) by UK 
manufacturing industry and this 
amount is built into tbe cost price 
of goods made here and has to be 
recovered from customers both at 
home and abroad. 

The parallel figure for Japan lies 
between 21 and 22 per cent and 
this is due to much, rower rates of 

income tax and the fact that the 
capital structure is 80 per cent 
borrowed and 20 per cent equity, 
which means that the amount of 
corporation tax as a percentage of 
added value is low. 

I have raised the matter of 
increasing VAT and reducing the 
tax burden built into manufac- 
turing cost prices with successive 
chancellors of the Exchequer over 
many years. The Labour Chan- 
cellor said that such a move would . 
be socially unacceptable. More 
recently Conservative chancellors 
have said (a) it was not reasonable 

to lump personal taxation and 
corporation taxes together and (b) 
that exchange rates would rake 
care of the matter in due course. 

It is difficult to understand any 
of these arguments and it would 
seem that until we follow the 
Japanese lead in the amount of 
taxation built into cost prices we 
will continue to compete with a 1 0 
per cent cost price disadvantage; 
Yours faithfully. 


Hornby House. 

5 Latchmoor Avenue, 

Gerrards Cross. Buckinghamshire. 

Squeezed in 

From Mrs Valerie Murray 
Sir. Recently I had occasion to 
accompany an invalid on a flight 
to Heathrow. The service was 
splendid, but the size of the wheel 
chair left a deal to be desired. 

I weigh some 816 stone and 
could therefore just be comfort- 
ably accommodated. My travel- 
ling companion was a normal 12- 
13 stone chap and squeezing him 
into this conveyance was far from 
easy. Subsequently I have heard 
complaints from more corpulent 
people in similar circumstances. 

Heathrow and Gatwick are not 
alone. As far as I am able to 
ascertain, the average airport 
invalid chairs and carriages have 
been designed and constructed for 
exceptionally slender persons. 

1 remain. Sir. yours faithfully. 

Calle Posada 10. 

Pueblo Lopez. 


Malaga, Spain. 

Collision coarse 

From Mr Rupert D. H. BurseU 
Sir. If Peter Jones's ramming trials ,V 
for triremes come to fruition (“Is * 
titis the ship that won at 1 
Salamis?”. October 9) would it not 
be a fining end to The Great ‘ 
Times Trireme Correspondence if ;;; 
one were manned by “the indig- 5 
nan i mathematicians” and the 
other by “the innumeraie 

Yours faithfully. 


74 Church Road. 

Winscombe, Avon. 









October IS: His Excellency Dr 
J.L.S. Abbey was received by 
The Prince of Wales and The 
Princess Anne. Mrs Mark Phil- 
lips. Counsellors of Stale acting 
on behair of The Queen, and 
presented the Letters of Recall 
of his predecessor and his own 
Letters of Commission as High 
Commissioner for Ghana in 

His Excellency was accompa- 
nied by the following members 

celeb ration of the University's 
150th Anniversary at the Royal 
Naval College. Greenwich. 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips was received by the 
Vice-Chancellor of the Univer- 
sity of London (the Lord Flow- 

ers) and subsequently inspected 

Javal Unit 

of the High Commission, who 

had the honour of being pre- 
sented to Their Royal High- 
nesses: Miss Christine Oduro 
(Deputy High Commissioner), 
Mrs Clariette Wilmoi (Minister 
Counsellor — Education), Mr 
Victor Dey (Minister Coun- 
sellor — Welfare and Consular). 
Mr Isaac Dakwa (Minister 
Counsellor — Trade). Mr James 
Anaman (Minister Counsellor— 
Information). Colonel Seth 
Obeng (Defence Adviser). Miss 
Margaret Dsane (Counsellor — 
Welfare) and Mr Francis Tsegph 
(First Secretary). 

Sir Patrick Wright (Perma- 
nent Under Secretary of Slate 
for Foreign and Commonwealth 
Affairs) who had the honour of 
being received by The Prince of 
Wales and The Princess Anne. 
Mrs Mark Phillips was present 
and the Gentlemen of the 
Household in Waiting were in 

His Excellency Mr Vernon 
Smith was received in audience 
by The Prince of Wales and The 
Princess Anne. Mrs Mark Phil- 
lips. Counsellors of State acting 
on behalf of The Queen, upon 
his appointment as High 
Commissioner for Barbados in 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips, this morning presented 
the "Beautiful Britain in 
Bloom" Awards at Vintners* 
Hall. London. 

Her Royal Highness. Chan- 
cellor of the University of 
London, this afternoon attended 
l tri-service military display in 

the University's 

Mrs Malcolm Wallace was in 

Her Royal Highness. Chan- 
cellor of the University of 
London, later attended a dinner 
and Honorary Degree Cere- 
mony at the Barbican in celebra- 
tion of the University's 150th 

Mrs Timothy HoWemess- 
Roddam was in attendance. 

Today is the Anniversary of 
the Birthday of The Duchess of 

today received Group Captain 
M.B. Elsam on relinquishing his 
appointment as Station Com- 
mander. and Group Captain 
C.C.C. Colville on assuming this 

The Princess Margaret. 
Countess of Snowdon held 
Reception for the Invalid 
Children's Aid Association, of 
which Her Royal Highness is 
President, m the State Apart- 
ments. Kensington Palace, this 

The Hon Mrs Whitehead was 
in attendance. 

October 15: Queen Elizabeth 
The Queen Mother this after- 
noon opened the Cast! eh ill 
Housing Association's “Queen 
Elizabeth Court” at Fettercaim, 

Miss Jane Walker-Okeover 
was in attendance. 

October IS: The Prince of 
Wales, Patron. British Police 
Himalayan Expedition 1986, 
this morning at Kensington 
Palace received members of the 

His Royal Highness sub- 
sequently received at Kensing- 
ton Palace Mr W. Griffin Jones 
(Chairman. Griffin Inter- 
national) and MrsGriffin Jones, 
and Mr A.I.G. McAlister (Direc- 
tor and Genera] Manager, Wil- 
kinson Sword Limited). 

The Princess of Wales this 
morning opened the new 
computerized Tomography 
Scanner at St Thomas's Hos- 
pital Lambeth Palace Road. 
London SEl. 

Mrs Max Pike and Lieuten- 
ant-Commander Richard 
AylanL RN were in attendance. 

October 15: The Princess Mar- 
garet. Countess of Snowdon, 
Honorary Air Commodore, 
Royal Air Force Coningsby, 

October IS: Princess Alice, 
Duchess of Gloucester. Patron, 
The Embroiderers' Guild, this 
afternoon visited the Head- 
quarters at Hampton Court 

Dame Jean Maxwell-Scon 
was in attendance. 

The Duke of Gloucester. 
President. British Consultants 
Bureau, was present this eve- 
ning at a Reception to welcome 
the Delegates to the 2 1st 
Anniversary Conference at The 
Banqueting House, Whitehall 
London SWl. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Simon 
Bland was in attendance. 

October 1 5: The Duke of Kent, 
Vice-Chairman of the British 
Overseas Trade Board, this 
morning attended the Bir- 
mingham Internationa] Motor 
Show at the National Exhibition 
Centre, and later visited Bum 
Tubes Limited, Shirley and 
Lucas Cookson Syalon Limited. 
Solihull West Midlands. 

His Royal Highness, who 
travelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Flight, was attended by 
Sir Richard Buckley. 

The Duchess of Kent this 
afternoon visited the Head- 
quarters of the Marie Curie 
Memorial Foundation, Beigrave 
Square. London SWl. 

Miss Sarah Partridge was in 

The Duchess of Gloucester has 
become Patron of the Scottish 

Beautiful Britain 
in Bloom 

Princess Anne. Mrs Mark Phil- 
lips. presented national awards 
at the Beautiful Britain in 
Bloom ceremony held yesterday 
at Vintners' HaJL Lord Parry 
was the hosL The competition is 
organised by the Keep Britain 
Tidy Group and sponsored by 
Barrat Developments pic. The 
main award winners were: 

Shrewsbury. Harrogate. Forres. Usk 
and Samnrerd Courtenay, (he Futvia 
Lewis Keeo Britain Tidy Trophy was 
presented to Som. the Beautiful 
Britain Award to Belfast, the Cordon 
Ford Trophy lo Naniwirh. the Asmer 
Trophy to Shrewsbury, the truer - 
national Flower Bulb Centre of 
Hillegom. Holland, award to 
Dui\ rrton. the Bob Hare award to Mr 
Waller Dinning of Gateshead Parks 
Department, the Mono Memorial 
Award to Mr Leonard Uckartoh. and 
the Barr aft Nanonal Carden Com- 
petition Trophy lo Mr and Mrs Tony 
Perry front Wigan. 

Commendation certificates were pre- 
sented to. Aberdeen. Cardiff. Ipswich. 
Ayr. Douglas. wichham. 
Carrk-kfergus. Krtaresbarough. Llan- 
dudno. Aberiour. Paletey Bridge with 
Beweriev. BalJoo. Cadetoy. and St 
Florence, and ihe enudren's 
competition awards lo: Mandy 

Anna Jolly. Jonathon Rogers. Lindsay 
Mordue. Una Rolsan de Boer. 



Smedley. Jon Hall 
Abigail Surrey. Laura Groombndge. 
‘ 'owthlan. 

Nigel Cnma and Su Lo» 


Royal Society of Chemistry 
The first Royal Society of 
Chemistry public lecture on 
chemistry ana society was deliv- 
ered yesterday evening at the 
Royal Institution. Albemarle 
Street, London. Mr Robert 
Mai pas. a managing director of 
British Petroleum ptc gave an 
address on the topic “Molecules 
and Me". Among those attend- 
ing the lecture were: 

Professor Sir Jack Lewis (RSC Presi- 
dent!. Dr J.S Gow iRSC Secret a ry 
General). Professor John 

(director Royal btfUtutton). Mr Oon- 
— Professor R O C. 

aid Anderson, mp. 
Norman (RSC 



Mr John Beavca to be Ambas- 
sador to Sudan, in succession to 
Sir Alexander Stirling, who will 
be retiring from the Diplomatic 

Sr Harry Llewellyn to be a 
member of the Council of the 
World Wildlife Fund. 

Mr Michael Hogan to be a 
member of the Gaming Board 
for Great Britain. 

Memorial meeting 

Professor L. Kessd 
Mr George Bonney presided at a 
memorial meeting for Professor 
Lip man n Kessel held yesterday 
at the Royal College of Sur- 
geons. The other speakers were 
Dr Sydney Gottlieb, Mrs Ineka 
Doc ter. General Sir John 
Hacketi Professor Hugh de 
Wardener. Mr George Thomp- 
son, Mr John Strachan. Miss 
Wendy Kates. Mr Ian Bay ley. 
Mr Michael Laurence, Mr Peter 
Wolfe, Mr Michael Fool, MP, 
Pastor AJ. Wissing, Mr T.P. 
McKenna and Mr Adrian 

Birthdays today 

Lord Adrian. 59: Mr Peter 
Bowles. SO: Mr Max Bygraves. 
64: Earl De La Warr, 65; Mr 
Gunter Grass. 59; Dr W. W. 
Grave, 85: Mr Teny Griffiths, 
39: Miss Angela Lansbury, 61; 
Lord MacDonald of 
Gwaenysgor. 71; Lord 
MacLehose of Beoch, 69: Sir 
John Winnifrilh. 78. 

Sale room 


1 - 


Tiny flask fetches £308,000 

By Geraldine Norman 
Sale Room Correspondent 

A rock-crystal flask, only 
four inches high, was sold for 
£308.000 (estimate £60,000- 
£80.000) at Sotheby's 
terday. It was carved dt 
the late tenth or early eleven! 
century am) is a product of the 
high artistry achieved in 
Egypt and aaeigh bowing terri- 
tories under the rale of the 
Fatimld caliphs. 

The price is the highest on 
record at auction for an Is- 
lamic art object and it was 
bought by an anonymous pri- 
vate collector. 

The flask is of flat oval form 
engraved in relief with 
pafttaettes and arabesques. 
Only three others of the same 
shape are recorded: in the 
Freer Gallery, Washington, 
the Victoria and Albert Mu- 
seum and the Charch of Santa 
Chiara in Assisi 

The flask sold yesterday is, 
however, the best of the group 
and ranks with the finest rock 
crystals of the period. Many of 
these are preserved in church 
treasuries, for they were al- 
ready highly regarded in the 
Middle Ages; several were 
mounted in Europe and used 
as reliquaries. 

Sotheby's sale of Islamic art 
recorded several high prices 
and indicated Hat the market 
is on the move again after a 

past two years, prices for 
Turkish art-were high with an 
Isnik "Damascus” dish of I 
around 1540 at £l&500 (es- 
timate £18,000-£22.000). The 
sale totalled £520.008 with 12 
percent left unsold. 

Prices for natural history 
books went through the roof at 
Christie's yesterday with 
new auction price record for a 
James Gould bird book at 
£1241500 (estimate £70,000- 
£90,000). That was paid for 
The Birth of Australia (1848- 
69) by Peter MftcbeU, the 
Bond Street dealer, on be 
of a British private collector. 

Mr Mitchell said that his 
client was keen to prevent the 
[ colour plate bools being 
up and the plates sold 
off Uriduti;. He also spent 
£52JMM) (estimate £25^00- 
£35,000) on Gould's Mammals 


Supreme scholar of myth 
and language 

),00-£35,000) on 
Birds of Asia and 

hand-coloured litho- 
ilate from Gould's 
Birds of Australia. 

period of recession. An early 
Safavid silver and gold inlaid 
brass jag, dated August 14, 
151 2 sold for £20,900 (estimate 
£12,000418,000) to the David 
Collection, a private museum 
in Copenhagen with a strong 
collection of Islamic art 
Following the trend of the 


*s Birds of Europe. The 
sale totalled £1^85^60 with 
one per cent left unsold. 

Clock prices were also edg- 
ing np again at Christie's after 
a difficult period. An early 
Tompioa walnut tong-case 
dock with a very unusual 
movement went to RAXee, 
the London dealer, at £46*200 
(estimate £30,OM-£4 OlOOO). 
The sale totalled £226,556 
with nine per cent left misoUL 



Mr GJ-H. Scott 
and Dr EJL Bungay 
The engagement is announced 
between Harry, sou of Sir Peter 
and Lady Scon, of I reread. 
Norwich, and Kale, younger 
daughter of Mr E.H. Bungay arid 
the late Mrs LEE Bungay, of 
Bath, Avon. 

Mr DJ. Crooch 
and Miss LMA. Buss 
The engagement is announced 
between David, son- of Mr and 
Mrs Dennis Crouch, of 
Cuckfield, Sussex, and 
Katharine, elder daughter of the 
Rev Philip and Mrs Buss, of 
Woking. Surrey. 

Mr DJf.C. Rafllie 
and Miss J.K. Fraser 
The engagement is announced 
between David, younger son of 
Mr LF. Bail lie. CMG. OBE and 
Mrs Baillie. of Edinburgh, and 
Julia, elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs R.D. Fraser, of Singapore 
and Earlston, Berwickshire. 

Mr P.S. BeOo 
and Miss DJ. Golding 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs Ernest D. Bello, of 
St John's Wood, London, and 
Deborah, elder daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Brinsley Golding, of 
Brisbane. Australia. 

Mr Q. Brodie Cooper 
and Miss SLA. Macke 
The engagement is announced 
between Quentin, eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs M. Brodie Cooper, 
of Utile Bookham, Surrey, and 
Swantje Ariette. only daughter 


imje A 
Mr J. 

C. Macke, of Las 

Palmas. Gran Canary, and Mrs 
ES. Macke, of Bonn, West 



1985 WAS THE YEAR the world showed Its compassion for Africa; voluntary 
and government donations for famine relief amounted to an incredible 

£2,500 million. 

Oxfam alone allocated over £22 million. To ail who gave and to those who 
are still giving we say a long and lasting THANK YOU. 

However, this extraordinary response is overshadowed by yet another 
staggering statistic - 

In the same year the famine-stricken countries paid back to our banks, our 
governments and our financial institutions £5, 000 million in debt pa yments. 



For Oxfam this is a scandalous 
situation and we call upon you to 
help in these ways: 


The people of Africa need our support 
more than ever. We cannot leave 
them to face the debt crisis alone. 
The safe water programmes and 
agricultural projects we fund are vital 
to the rehabilitation and survival of 
thousands of lives and we need your 
help to see them through. 

So whatever you do, please don’t 
stop the giving. 


Ihe causes of hunger are many — 
drought war and international 
forces, such as the debt crisis that 

involves us— HERE IN BRITAIN. We 
all have a role to play in fighting 
poverty. Rnd out how you can help 

combat the debt crisis. Join Hungry 

for Change — Oxfam's campaign for 

justice not hunger - now. Send for 
details today. 

7 NOVEMBER 1986 

The third annual HUNGRY FOR 
CHANGE FAST which begins on 
Friday, 7 November, presents a 
unique opportunity to help Oxfam 
raise urgently needed funds for our 
development projects overseas and 
at the same time to draw publtc and 
government attention to the scandal 
of the debt crisis. 

For details of how to tost, when, 
where and for how long please 
complete the coupon below without 


I [support OXFAM'S third 

Hungry for Change FAST 

m fast Please forward my name to 
my nearest Oxfam organiser. 

I'm not able to fast but send me details 
of the Hungry for Change campaign. 

I enclose a donation of £. 

To get FAST derails, contact your area OXFAM 

argsnrscr through vcurlocjlpdoneanvc lory. 



■ / Address. 

.Postcode . 

Send to; 

Oxfam. Room TM77. 
FREEPOST. Oxford. 0X2 7BR. 

L 1 

FAST WITH OXFAM— NOV. 7, 8 or 9 


Oxfam worts with poor people in their struggle against hunger, dteease. exploitation and poverty In Africa. 
Asia, Latin-America and the MtftSe East tfvough reflet, development research and public Education. 

Mr A-LS. Chesser 
and Miss AJ). Burnett-Swart 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, elder son of 
Dr D.T.5. Chesser, of Sutton, 
Surrey, and Mrs A.E. Sell of 
Shere. Surrey, and Diana, youn- 
gest daughter of Mr and Mrs 
D.E. Bumen-StuarL of The Old 
Vicarage. Berden. near Bishop's 
Stonfora. Hertfordshire. 

Mr AJF. Harding 
and Miss J J. Ferguson 
The engagement is announced 
between Allan James, son of Mr 
and Mre Jack Harding, of 
Famham, Surrey, and Jac- 
queline Jane, daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Norman Feiguson, of 
Abbots Leigh. Bristol 

Mr SJ. Harris 
and Miss HA. Cane 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen, elder son of 
Mr and Mre JJt Harris, of 
Weybridge, Surrey, and Re- 
becca, daughter of Mr and Mre 
MA. Gone, of Kingston upon 
Thames, Surrey. 

Dr S.R. Johnson 
and Miss JA Moloney 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon, son of Mr and 
Mrs JJL Johnson, of Bury. 
Lancashire, and Jacqueline, 
daughter of Mr and Mre P.D. 
Moloney,, of Calderstones, 

Mr TJVI.C. Reid 
and Miss CA. Sillare 
The engagement is announced 
between Timothy, third son of 
Mr Malcolm Rad and the late 
Eleanor Reid, and stepson of 
Mrs Daphne Reid, of Thurleigh 
Road, London, SWl 2, and 

Charlotte Ann, younger daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs Peter N. 

Captain J JJH. Grant, RAMC 
and Miss FJ. Sheffield 
The engagement is announced 
between Jeremy John Herring, 
second son of Mr and Mre 
N.F.H. Grant of Lam pits. 
Hoddesdon. Hertfordshire, and 
Fiona Jane, only daughter of Mr 
and Mre MJ.F. Sheffield, of 
Ayton House. Great Ayton. 
North Yorkshire. 

Senhor P.C. da Sil*a Bogano 
and Miss S.W. Wallace 
The engagement is announced 
between Paulo Cesar, son of the 
late Dr D. Bugano and of 
Senhora O. da Silva Bugano, of 
Sao Paulo. Brazil, and Suzanne 
Wendy, elder daughter of Mr 
D.R. Wallace, of Antibes. 
France, and Mrs J.R.F. Chan- 
dler. of Hanbury. 


Sillare. of Lolham Mill. West 
Deeping. Cambridgeshire. 

Mr T.H. Spain 
and Miss JJ-N. Sacco 
The engagement is announced 
between Timothy, elder son of 
Mr and Mrs RLH. Spain, of 
Canterbury, Kent and Nicola, 
youngest daughter of Mr and 
Mre A. Sacco, of Washington. 
Tyne and Wear. 


Mr B.R. Harris 
and Miss S.R. Dodson 
The marriage took place on at 
All Saints. Braishfield, Hamp- 
shire. on Saturday. October 1 1. 
of Mr Brian Harris, son of the 
late Mr Richard Harris and Mrs 
Donetie Harris, and Miss Sarah 
Dodson, daughter of the late Mr 
John Philip Dodson and Mre 
Diana Ingoldby. 

The bride was given in mar- 
riage by her stepfather. Mr 
Reginald Ingoldby. 

Memorial service 

Dame Geraldine A»es 
A memorial service for Dame 

Geraldine Aves was held yes- 

terday at Si James's. Piccadilly. 
The Bishop of Stepney offici- 

ated and gave an address and 
was assisted by the Rev John 

They also read the conversa- 
tion between Great Heart and 
Valiant for Truth from Pilgrim's 
Progress by John Bunyan. Miss 
Sheila Browne. Principal of 
Newnham College. Cambridge, 
read Commentary by a Social 
Sen-ant. an extract from the 
Eileen Younghusband lecture 
delivered by Dame Geraldine in 
1983. Lord Seebohm and M 
Jean de Saint-Aibin read the 
lessons. Among those present 

him Evangeline de Sauti Alton i sto- 

len. Mine Jean de SaHH-Albkn. M and 
Mnw Bernard de Salnl-AlMn. Mile 
Emmanuel le de Sauil-AlMn. M OUvier 

Lord Level l- Da v I*. Baroness 
FaJIMuil. Baroness Scrota. Lady 
Seeoohm. Pamela Lady Cacnconner. 

me Hon Mrs Judith Lyttelton. Dame 
~ • cicely Saunders 

Mary Stnirton. Dame _ _ . 

« Christopher'-, HospKel. Dame 
MHdred RkWetsdetl. Sir Anthony and 
Lady cox. Lady Neale. Lady Turner. 
Lady Marne. 

Mrs Jonn Paieman (Friends of 
Mighgale Cemetery i. Mr W EA Lrwts 
f vice chairman. Centre [or Policy on 
Ageingi with Miss Gillian Cosby 
tawstanl director*: Professor Brian 
Abel -Smith (London School of 
Economics and Potl deal Science). Mr 
Michael wnghl I chairman. Hlgngau- 
Society) and Mrs WrtghL Mr YL 
Williams i Associates of Newnham 
CoUeqel. Canon Paul Miller. MrMRF 

Stinson. Professor Roger Wilson. Mr 

- - - T Jf W Ulmer. QC. 

A € Waddilove. Mr _ . __ 

Dr Ties or Evans. Mf and Mrs P 
wuimon. Mr Hugh Mrtlur. Mr and 
Mix L Boden. Mr and Mrs Richard 
Austin. Mr and Mrs Raton Huws 

Mrs P Easterling tuce-p nnopa l. 
Newnnam College. CambndgrL Or 
Margaret Keay (Newnham College 
Poll). Mr Raymond Clark (Child Care 


Prime Minister 
The Prime Minister was host at 
a luncheon hdd yesterday at 10 
Downing Street in honour of the 
Prime Minister of Sudan. The 
other guests were: 

Sayed Besttlr Omer FtoD. Sayed 

Kunttwok Gwado Avatar, the Ambas- 
sador of me Sudan. I 

Massan □ ami Bestur. Ambassador 
El Ftashid AtoJ Shama. Ambassador 
Yithaya ActXd De DuL Sayed El 
Tigam El Tayeb Ibrahim. Sayed 
lbmhtm AH Ibrahim. 

Mr NtthoUa Edwards. MP. the Hon 
Nicholas RtdBey. MP. Mr Christopher 
Patten. MP. Mr lan Stewart. MP. Earl 
Ferrers, the Station of Ramsbuiy. 
Baroness Ewarl-BIggs. Mr Julian 
Amny. MP. the Hon David Douglas- 
Home. Sir Richard BeaumonL Sir 
Laurence Kirwan. Sir John Burgh, sir 
Brian Young. Motor-General S K 
Lecky. Mr DC Carden. Mr Alan 

Plumptra. Mr Robetl Banks. MP. Mr 

Nicholas » - ~ 

Hinson. Mr John 

Gaffney. Mr Terence Hantaan. Mr 
Hugh PhlUps. Mr J F Robson. Mr 
David Gawthorpe. Mr J A Gilroy. Mr 
D T Sumer. Mr Graham Thomas. Mr 

Kenneth Edwards. Mr P F Berry. Mr 
_ es WBson. 

Robin Hodgkin. Mr Charles 

Mr Andreas Whtttam Smith. Mr J R 
Harris. Mr P H KenL Sit David Mien. 
Mr Brian Unwin, Mr Robin Catford. 
Mr Charles Powell and Mr Andrew 
Be ar p ark - 

M Georges Dumfezil, 
French archaeologist, linguist 
and historian of Indo-Europe- 
an civilizations, died in Paris 
on October 11. He was 88. 

He leaves behind him volu- 
minous writings on myth, 
religion and philosophy. His 
authority in the field was 
supreme, and though his titeo- 
ries were hot Without critics, it 
was generally recognized that 
the sphere of comparative 
Indo-European mythology 
virtually belonged to him. Hfe- 
himself spoke or understood 
some 40 langnages, many of 
them extinct. 

His principal achievement 
is his theory of the three 
functions of the “tripartite 
ideology" on which, he con- 
tended, all Indo-European 
mythologies lad been based 
throughout the millennia be- 
fore the birth of Christ. 

He demonstrated that the 
Indo-Europeans had divided 
their ideal society into three 
ritually separated castes. At 
the top were the kings and 
priests, followed by the war- 
riors, with the workers at . the 
bottom. Thus, the gods Vani- 
na, India and the Asvins of 
Hindu mythology are seen to 
have their counterparts in the 
Jupiter, Mars and Qtririnus of 
the Romans, and as for afield 
as the Nordic Odin, Thor and 
Freya. It was a ■ discovery 
which was to revolutionize the 
modem approach to ancient 

Georges Dumezfl was bom 
in Paris on March 4, 1898. He 
began studies in 1916 at the 
Eoole Norm ale Supfrieure but 
was called up a year later to 
fight in. the First World War. 

He was demobilized in 
1919* and graduated the fol- 
lowing year. It was- not a 
propitious lime to be entering" 
the learned world in France 
with an interest in mythology. . 
Muller’s theory titat all myth 
is a poetic description of 
human experience bad been 
dethroned after a long Teign. 

But Dumezil was not to be 
deterred. As a young lecturer 

at the University ofWarsawin 
1921 he was struck by the 
resemblance of a sacred ban- 
quet. described in Ovid to a 
similar event he had encoun- 
tered in his.Sanskrit rea d i n gs. 
Thus began his exploration of 
the kinship between phenom- 
ena apparently so geographi- 
cally and culturally disparate. 
And bis doctoral thesis on 
comparative religions, Le 
Festin dTmmonaliti , was. 
published in 1924. 

In 1 925 he was appointed to 
a specially-created chair of 
history of reUgions-at Istanbul 
where he was to spend six 
years which he later described 
as “the best of my life”. It was 
there that he began his great 
study of Caucasian languages: 

In 1931, he went to Sweden 
where be lectured in French at 
Uppsala, returning to France 
two years later ashead-of the 
department of comparative 
religion at the Ecole Pratique 
des Hautes Etudes in Paris, a 
post he held for the next 33 
years, combining' h with a 
chair in Indo-European civili- 
zation at. the College de 
France, to which be was 
elected in 1949. 

Throughout these years be 
published prolificaUy, always 
refining and extending his 
theories. These are chiefly 
embodied in the monumental 
three- volume Mythe et ipo- 
which won him tbe Prix 
Vatery in 1974. -> 

Bur throughout his tile his 
ideas had not always teen 
unopposed, and it was not 
until 1970 that be was elected 
to the Academie des Sciences 
et Belles-Lettres, before being 
received eight years later as 
one of the immotieis at- the 
Acadfonie Francaise. "■ 

An aspect of his theories for - 
which he could in no way be 
held ^responsible was their- 
being taken np by the new 
right in , France, as giving 
respectability to anti-semitism 
ana other lingering; repugnant 
aspects of Nazism. 

He married, in 1925, Made- 
leine Legrand. They had twp 
children. - 


HM Government 


Viscount Bearsted, TD, fi- chairman of the Whitechapel 

The Hon George Younger, Sec- 
State foi 

retary of Slate for Defence, was 
hosl yesterday at a luncheon 
held at Admiralty House in 
honour of M Jean- Pascal 
Delamuraz, Federal Councillor 
and Head of the Swiss Depart- 
ment of Defence. 

Variety Clnb of Great Britain 
The Variety Club of Great 
Britain held a luncheon yes- 
terday at the Inn on the-Parif*. 
Hotel in honour of the winners 
of the “Nurse of the ¥ 681 ” 
competition organized by the 
Daily Express, the Variety Club, 
the Department of Health and 
Social Security and the Royal 
College of Nursing. Mr Harry 
Goodman, Chief Barker, pre- 
sided and the other speakers 
included Miss Angela Rippon, 
Mr Davy Kaye, Mr Charlie 
Smithets and Miss Alison 
Dunn. • 


of Air Pitots and Air 


Air Chief Marshal Sir Neil 
Wheeler. Master of the Guild of 
Air Pilots and Air Navigators, 
presided at the annual trophies 
and awards dinner held last 
night at Merchant Taylors’ HalL 
The guest of honour, who 
presented the trophies, was Mr 
Michael Spicer, Minister for 
Aviation. Air Chief Marshal Sir 
David Craig, Chief of the Air 
Staff and Air Marshal Sir Ivor 
Broom, were also present. 

Migraine Symposium 
Dr F. Clifford Rose, symposium 
chairman, presided at a dinner 
held at the Tara Hotel Kensing- 
ton. last night on the occasion of | 
the sixth international migraine 
symposium organised by the 
Migraine Trust Mr Graham R. 
Dawson, chairman of the trust 
and Professor J. W. Lance also 

oancier and merchant banker, 
died yesterday at the age of 77. 

Marcus Richard "Dick" 
Samuel, 3rd Viscount 
Bearsted, was born on June 1, 
1909, and educated at Eton 
and New College, Oxford. 
During the Second World War- 
he served with the Warwick- 
shire Yeomanry in the Middle 
East and in Italy, where be was 
wounded. He retired with the, 
rank of.major. 

He soon stepped into the 
leadership of toe old family 
firm of .M. Samuel and Co., 
merchant bankers, when he 
succeeded his father as chair-, 
man. It was the beginning of a 
lifelong association with fi- 
nancial institutions. 

In' 1948 '• when . be also 
inherited toe peerage op the 
death of his father -be became 
chairman of toe 1928 Invest- 
ment Trust LttL, a post he was 
to bold for over 30 years. He . 
also held directorships with 
Alliance Assurance, Lloyds 
Bank, Sun Alliance & London 
Insurance-Group and his fam- 
ily property company which 
owned 13 acres of Mayfair, 
including Berkeley Square and 
Bruton Street (where the 
Queen was bora). 

In 1965 M. Samuel and 
Philip Hill, another merchant 
bank, merged as Hill Samuel 
to form a powerful new insti- 

Bearsted was a trustee and 

Art Gallery, a. showplace for 
rising artists: These'- were 
many fine works of art in his 
family home, Upton House, • 
near Banbury, which in 1948 1 
he presented with its contents ' 
to toe National Trust, white , 
continuing to live there. 

- He was also a governor ofSt 
Mary's Hospital, Paddington, 
and, since 1948, president of 
theJewisb Home and Hospi- 
tal Tottenham. In 1967 he 
was one of four leadingBritish ‘ 
Jews who established an emer- | 
gency fund to help the econo- 
my of IsraeL 

During the war, when his 
hands were badly burned, he 
turned to needlework as a 
form of therapy, and this' 
continued to be one of his 
relaxations. Heprefened flow- 
er ami . animal designs to 
repeating patterns. “Needle- 
work is less unsociable than 
reading a book 11 , he main- 
tained: . 

He was also for a time 
Master- of toe Warwickshire * 
Hounds, and was a good shot- 
.. He married, in 1947, Heath- 
er Firm stor*- Williams, who 
divorced him- in' 1966. There 
were two. daughters of toe 
marriage, one of whom died tn 
in 1962. His second marriage, 
in 1968,: was to Mrs Jean 
Agnew Somerville, who died 
ten years iater. The title passes 
to ms brother, toe Hon Peter . 
Montefiore Samuel 


cation intentions at the Yalta 
conference, be had moved its 

Service dinners 

Mr Philip Carpenter presided at 
the annual Trafalgar dinner and 
naval attaches night of the 
Anchorites held at the Cafe 
Royal last night Admiral of the : 
Fleet Sir John FieJdhouse, Chief] 
of the Defence Staff, was the| 
principal guest. 

Light Infantry Club 
' jght Intent 

The Light Infantry Chib held its 
annual dinner at the Naval and 
Military Cub last night and 
Major-General B. M. Lane pre- 
sided. Lieutenant-General Sir 
Peter Hudson. Msyor-General 
B. McGuinness. Brigadier-Gen- 
eral W. D. Whitaker and Major 
R. H. S. Gutteridge were guests. 

Herr Hermann von Sie- 
mens, who died in Munich on 
October 13 at the age of 101, 
was toe head of the Siemens 
concern. West Germany’s 
5t producer of electronic 
and computer goods, from 
1941 to 1956. 

The grandson of -the firm's 
founder, Werner von . Sie- 
mens, he was bom in ..Berlin 
on August 9, 1885, as toe tity^ 
got its first electric trams and', 
street lighting made by toe 
company.He saw it grow into 
a market leader in microchips, 
nuclear power, idigitzfl com- 
munications equipment and 
computers. . 

He entered the firm in 1918, 
joined the board ten years, 
later, and became chairman in 

During the war Siemens lost 

headquarters, from Berlin to 
Munich. He then presided 
overan expansion which took 
his. workforce from 37,000 in 
-1945 to 166,000 in 1956. 

His position as the director 
of a large industrial 'concern 
during toe Hitler years placed 
him automatically on the 
Allies’ list of Germans to-be 
questioned in connection with ; 
possible war crimes. But no , 
charge was brought . against 
him. and he was released after . 
only atoortspefl in prison. 

After tamding' over the . 
chairmanship to his cousin in - 
1956 be remained a director, 
until his retirement in 1968, 
and even then continued to 
stay in touch with toe compa- - 






Science report 

Body ‘ignores food additives’ 

By Barry Shari ock 

An investigation into the possible effects of food 
additives on health Cor the Ministry of Agri- 
culture. Fisheries and Food indicates Hm* the 
body may “learn" to ignore them. 

The research comes after a survey shoving that 
about one in twelve people think they react to food 
additives, but only five per cent of those show any 
effect in laboratory analyses. 

Moreover, those who have had a "nasty 
reaction" to food, attributable to an additive, 
generally find that it is transit o ry. Attempts to 
repeat the experience later are usually a failure, 

according to Professor Maurice Lessof, of Guy'S 
Hospital London, who is coordinating the study. 

He said: "Nothing yon can do will induce some 
of them to have another reaction". Bnt be 
recommended that people who suspect they have 
been upset by a food additive should abstain from 
that food Tor a couple of months. 

Results of a questionnaire survey of 30.000 
people in High Wycombe. Buckinghamshire, by 
two dermatologists. Dr Elspeth Young and Dr 
John H ilkinsoo. show that about seven per cent 
believe they have some form of reaction to food 
additives, while 15 per cent say they react to food 

Follow-up interviews and laboratory tests of 

those who have had skin rashes (the most 
common sign of a reaction) found that the 
prevalence of verifiable reactions to additives is 
much lower than that claimed. 

The tests involve feeding suspected cases with a 
cocktail of food additives, and then perhaps an 
individaal additive. Interim results indica te a 
prevalence of s ensitivi t y to food additives of 04 
per cent. The final figure is likely to be 
considerably lower. 

If the n- nwimW n£ «tn- pwUiifw dmtlar 

findings. Professor Lessof said he would advise 
the ministry that reactions to food additives were 
“not a common problem in this country'*. 

The reason for a transitory reaction is not 
known, hot there might be a parallel with the 
diminishing effects of some-drags with successive | 
doses (called tachyphylaxis). It seems that the 
cells of the body learn to ignore some tooric 

This is thonght to be equivalent to a conditional 
reflex In the number of receptors on the smfoee of 
cells. These complex moiecnles combine with 
substances, such as additives, to trigger a series of 
chemical reactions within the cell leading 
ultimately to 4th rashes and effects. -- - - 

four-fifths of its plant, but be - ny. He also pursued his foset* 
supervised its post-war recon- nation for technology, which 
struct! on and development. . had always interested him 
Wanted about Allied tfcmar- ' more than management 


Mr Keenan Wynn, a Versa- Wynn’s wisecracking, 
tile character actor .ipho apv ' throaty-voiced characters, 
peared in more than 200 films, who invariably softened just 

before the final credits roued, 

. were in constant demand. His 

many^films include Under the 

the musicals Kiss' Me 
KateandAuhieGet Your Gun, ■ 
The Absent-minded Professor 
and Once Upon a Time in the 
H’«r. „ • 

died on October 14. He was 
70. r ; 

He often played lough-griy 
secondary roles and-was noted - 
for his. performance as; a 
gangster alongside Lee Marnn 
in Point Blank and in Stanley 
Kubrick’s Dr Strange/ave,' in 
which be is remembered 3s a 
gun-happy colonel who mar 
chine-gunned a soft drinks 

Francis* Xavier AloysiuS; 

James Jeremiah Keenan 
Wynn was boro in New York 
on July 27..19I6. the. .s6n. ofT . SJ!?; 

Broadway ' comedian Ed-" Cflff ^lory. 

Wynn.. After a brief spdi. qn . Admiration Tor . ius fether- 
Broadway in One for • the_ was reflected in the tide of his 
Aforavand TwofortheShow- 1960 autobiography Ed 
a then fast-rising young W'lYjft'j. Son. Wynn senior 
*r called Gene Kdfy - he - T raid' 6f' his 'softr ~HeY toe'- 
fflade his film <febu£ in See feltow whm Esthcr WiU 
Here . Private Hargroxe Jrv- liaiwjum^imothtpooLafits :. 
1944.. • — - spiaShe<r.- : ■ - ' 

From 1940 to I9S7 he 
entertained American troops 
around the world. He also 
made frequent television ap- 
pearances. among them a 

1959, -senes. The Trouble 
Shooters, and toe more recent 




Jf n 6Uage N 

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births, marriages 


and in memoriam 


eurrn*™ ^ 

i SsSassacs; 

■ ■ •. ■ ^ fou ° v « d 
- . S pn\"aw cremaUon. Flowers tnav 

M**®TW*tTEH . On October mbh - S”. ^ 1 *" Thomas Davis Oia55s 

u-ftoCM (nee **jg«L SwahviUe. Brum or <tan* 

# Prtersi's 



*1 K* \KMFD 

. ...-j And » 
-, :f EnfleM 

Marys ■ i wi j 

RNhamMan. to fmogra infcTsES; 
mn P*nnc. a cwi^ 

e Bsra-8aasaaK 

rfSIW ?* o*** »am 

^ Si Ceorse's HosoHaL 

SWlT. to Sauyfn^e Ashworth) and 

MOJE-THOMAS On 12 October 

Groff's)! Wpltal. to Luctnrta 

Ctoris) and Menard. a son. 

SMSS p ^ lD - ason - Ma ‘- 

DICAWHOH -On 1 1 th Qrtabgr. at nm 
Rirtewl HosoHat u> Pder and g££ 
sen- a son. Alexander 

C ££ I p£l^ ** 10 Va * e ^ 
(Me Pearson) and Richard, a son. 

O^moher Robert, a brother for 

«WNEU- October l4Uu to Sarah 
and Edward a son (David), a brouter 
for Owt one and Lfeasie. 

Mteogy - On lain October, to Celia 
inee Stracftam and PtHUo. a un. 
Mart Peter Alastalr. 

HAMME -On Saturday liui October 
1086. to Emma (Hicks) and Nick, a 
son. Joshua Michael Hicks. 
■iHEALY - On 10th October, to Caroline 
“ (nee Porter) and Anthony, a dam*, 
ler.. Annabel Louise. a shut for 
vane ssa and Richard. 

LOTH ■ On October 1 1 th. h> Catharine 
afKT Gregory, a son. Alexander 
James Siractwn. With thanks to the 
staff erf . .The Royal Berks.. Reading 
and Towniand Hospital Henley. 

- On October nth 1986. 
lo. Pam and Robert, a son. Timothy 

MART - On October 4th. to Amanda 
u»e Sleigh) and Julian, a son. Ricb- 
a rd la in. 

MAT I HEWS . On October 14th. in 

Hong Kong, to Randle and Michael, a 

daughter. Philippa Jean Cage. 
MUMMY . On October 1st 1986. at 
Edgware General Hospital, lo Helen 
Elizabeth (n*e Dixon) and Peter 
Frank, a daughter. Sophie Elizabeth 

OZAHME , On inti October 1986. to 
Jane enfe Walker) and Julian. a 
daughter. Miriam Jane, 
mwu - On 14th October, in Gene- 
: va. loGressida (n^e Beil) and Mark, a 

* son. Nicholas Chrtstopher- 

ROBUfSON - On lOUi October, at St. 
Georqe s. to Charlotte (ofe Scon 
Mona4eff) and MichaeL twin sons, 
jack and Charlie, brothers far Entity. 
ROOWAY - See DiCKlmon. 

RUFFLE f On 28th September 1986. at 
SI. Teresa's, to - Vhrtenne (nfe 
Hargrave) and John Ruffle, a daugh- 
ter. Alice Margaret, a sister for 

SANDEMAN ■ On 14th October, at 
Queen Chariot! c's Hospital, to Katie 
(Nee Fuller) and Patrick, a son. Ed-, 
ward George. ■ brother (or NataHta. 
SPENCER - On 12th October. In 
Haraenden. to OUian (nee teoos) and 
Philip, a son. Adam Thomas. 

WOODS - On September 28lh 1966.10 
Sarah Owe EUioO and Paid, a son. 
Oltver -Maxwell. 


RfXJUMXKSON . on 11th October 
1986. al SLMary MagdUem Church. 
EnfleHL. Stephen Gerard, younger 
soi of Mr and Mrs LWS. Rix. of 
Enfield, and only daughter of Mr 
And Mrs John F. Anlenan of 


x ,■ >»AlPf 

WOODcMOWAimi recenuy in CMch- 
cster, between Mr JX Wood and Mra 
Frances Howarth. 


ADDERLEY -On October 13 1966. at 
Maftod Hospital. Margrethe. betoved 
wHe^ mother and grandmother. Fu- 
neral at St. Peters. Norton. 2,00pm 
Tucbday 21 October. No mourning 
and no Dowers pt«e. donaUbns If 
desired lo Cancer Research. 

BAKER - On 15th October 1986. in 
Salisbury. Charm Reginald, betoved 
husband of Doris, loving fattier and 
grand fattier aged 82 years. Thanks- 
giving Service in Uw Cathedral 
Salisbury, on Monday 20Ui October 
1986. al 2J0 p.m. followed by pri- 
vate cremation. FbmOy (towers 
donations. If desired for RAF. Be- 
nevolent Fund after the Service. 

HEARSTED - On Wednesday ISh Oc- 
tober. peacefully In his sleep. Marcus 
Richard. Third Viscount. Funeral 

BERE ST ORC - On Sunday 12th Octo- 
ber. peacefully at home in Na|rohi. 
Kenya. Rupert Seymour CedL Wher 
lo Pamela. Diana and- Alan. 

BROOKS - On October 9th 1986, 
peacefully. Peter Brooks Oate of 
wivenlwP) aged dS^Funentt Service 
al Gowers Green Crematorium, on 
Friday October 2«Sti. at 2^6 p.m. 
tEasl cnapel). Flowers and enquires 
may be sent lo LeverWo andSms 
624. Finchley Rood. NWll 7RR. 

CAME ■ On October 4Uu Jessie and on 
October llth. William Arthur of 
Wllhlnettm. Manchester after nearly 
60 ytam of devoted matTaoe-OreM- 
ly loved by John and Eve. DanieL 
Frances and Alison- 

Church news 


The Rev J P 8NW. RKtwrNev^c S 
Mary, tbooese of CrhChcster. tone 
Vicar. Eastbourne All Souls, same 

dl Th?Rrv S JCBBhOP » 
to me deaf. «**>«*? 

The very Rev T Mte r. Dean g 
Worcester, dmeeseor Wororater. to be 
dean eroerilus on Ms retiremmt ea me 

C *Th?fSv , S , Bindolf. curate. Thtask. 

p^'vv Bunn, prey tously 
honorary . curate . 

and hanxwortu. 
sa r?Mi t, BJv S *w K A Child, curate. 

Sw^^toi)^vS«r UitogwoTth 
Si Mary . ^ 

Canon C C C 0 h/!n. AdraiiMstralor Oj. 
me Shrine of O 
WaMngham nonoragyeangn 
of Norwim CathCdraL Mocge “ 
Norwich- to be yrna^st s «««**}*■ 

c, TU? , ‘Rev Roi D 

H^hetd SI RlcUJVd. lUtgae^oi 
dl TT?e%jv N DawsorLto 

&mlRsiPt&- out"**- san* 

a J P 

lo be also cnaptam of St Brandon'S 
School Cte ved o n <tor me a cademic 
year 1966,87). snuj 
The Rev L O . Harris. Rector. 
Kesstoghtnd with Cteteham. diocese of 
to be also. Rural Dean of 

DaVFnSrtl Chnsi.anEcumenlral 

m k. , Noovtftu to be also Rural Dean of 
ihog Louiingiand. same daege, . 

e g(“™ , £2!? , !b The Rev S P Hughes- ewabt 
r Ba ker. .D ean of cwivers Caton wuti AMfcy. (Hocese of 
- Coventry, lo be war. Hawn estey . to 
to retirematt d the ■ partsb or KUYtNuiM. moceoe of 

if. cvmw . Th tas tc. B rS? B mv ’ C F Hyder. Rector. 

&,r ®E38 s&%^of c ^s2?m a ss 
sssi^«is -b/ss? 5 *' TU T!!irt 

.Bjnuv NKhatas. HOTford. 1 *!^^^ of 

HtoSb. ,0 H*SSf«t> cStb^r%ui- 
Heten. sgnwoctn. diocese. 

t and Pomxworth. The ^ c Ungard. fomerty Vtear. 

*ss«s gassjfSjSW^s'S 



Albans, tpbe Otapiato of 
France, dtoccse; of 
ve secretary of the 

Sean flESSSejS 


M^RE. "rue WVJH fl MJ Oak^..CWtgtdnof 

1 oam- 
io De asslslAnt 

isssfSS zurich - d - 

“tWmC Fteemamlgto Wouv 


W-Ret A J.CW. 


Paul’s, Southport 

mutphaiU: ... . ' , iu| curaie. 

pJ^JdkCTtoif ”* WcUs - 

Latest wills 

General Sir Frank Ernest Wal- 
lace “Simpson. of|telh. Chi ef 
Royal Engineer jWH-67. Jett 
esiaic «lucd at-£l07.1-7 net 
Mr James Graham M*cA adiw 

of Homiiwon. WHtihira. 1^ 
estate valued at £1.126.083 ncL 
He left his estate to retouves. 
Mrs Gladys Florence » WoT 
Denham. Buckinghamshire, left 
estate valued at £553.75- net 
After personal bequests she. left 
i hr residue to the Arthritis and 
Rheumatism Council- 
Mr Edward Boyce Barrow Cm>- 

. Rev t) D ‘ Swots, vicar. 
Shemionr. dioewo of LKhneKL to Op 
H^ bvchvS^CQlum. and training 
SmSr. board of taWNuy. «nw 

ni m» of Marylebonc London, 
left estate valued' at £1.481.797 

Ruih Evelyn • Salter. , of 
Ched worth. Gloucestershire, 
left estate valued at £267.938 
net She left her livestock to the 

Rare Breeds Trust. Guiting 

*iwet. Gloucestershire, and the 

re idue of the estate equally 
between the Royal Common- 
wealth Society for the Blind and 
xhe Save the Children Fund. 
Maiorie Elizabeth Hammond, of 
Rugby. Warwickshire, left estate 
valued at £682^87 neL She left 
£ 100.000 to the National Trust. 


^^orafulty. SSmgl 
“«Jacrclrato«goousJy CrwnaUon 
at Cojdcrs Green on Wcdnseday oe- 
to|l«r22nd al 3.15 p^n.. No wtrUIb. 
FKAsER . On 12th October n m 

potHld Stuart Denholm. Dcorty 
loved fattier of June. Sally andJoao- 
nj-Monorw SemcT^^ 
Moutfay October 20tt> at AH 
Ctiurai. Stour Row. followed by ere- 
ngtjdn « Bournamoutti. Fiowera to 
I nomas Green Funeral DiOrlnr-v 
*toad. ST™: 

■ - «to*nly. on September 

m ^riemoum. Sort 
Demo®, m her SStti year, beloved 
WMQto of Roy. beloved sister to law 
of Marta, atari of Gabor and us film. 
to>. cousin of Qara and of Patou. 
Cremation was to Bournemouth on 
October iaui 1966. Enquiries us 
Geor ge Scott and Sou 0202 66627. 
**»»•» ■ On Monday ISh October. 
The Lady Irene June Beatrice Hob- 
h» M.B.E.. OAJ.. Widow of Coi. 
Anttwjw Hobson, daughter of Sev. 

Garrtdc. mother of 
Micnad Chariton of Durban. South 
Africa, peacefully in Portugal. 

*VO - On 8th October 1986. perceftmy. 
» Dentine Hall. Nonttwood. Alexan- 
der Ador/Dtrector. Funeral Service 
af Breakspear Crematorium. RuMto 
on Monday October 20Ui at 6 pjm. 
(East chapel). Flowers to E Spark 
jjtt. Tel. Northwood 25372. 
itZKREOY - On I30i October. Julia, 
beloved daughter of Patrick and 
Tessa, aster to Aimabeile and Sere- 
na. Funeral Service Saturday lBUi 
October at Neen Soilara Church. 
Shropshire. Enquiries (0299) 

tuber, peacefully at her London flat , 
In her 93rd year. Edith, widow of ! 
Ernesto G Thabnann. Beloved moth- 
er and mother-in-law of Bobby and 
Doris Manners, dear pandmother of 
Charles and JaneL Funeral Service 
al St. Paul’s. Knigbtsbrldge. Tuesday 
2ist October 12 noon. Rrilowed by 
private cremahon. At her reauesi 
tomtly flowers only, donations in* 
steed, apureclaied to Medical 
Charities c/o Nattooal Westminster 
Bank. 94 Kensington High Street. 
London W8. 

NORMAN - On 13th October 1986. 
peecefidty. Eunie. wife of Brigadier J 
A Norman. DSA. Funsal private, 
no flowers. 

PIUDC . On October 13th 1986. aged 
89 years. Mercy, betoved widow of 
John Oswald Pride, mother of John 
and Rosemary and a much loved 
grandmother. Funeral 2^0 pjn. 
Tuesday 2 fast October at 
LltUehamptori Cemetery Chapel. 
Horsham Road, utttehampion. 
Flowers may be sent to F A Holland 
& Son. TermtnaB Road. 
Ulttehampton. Sussex. 

SMVDASANI - On October 14th. 
Indira. Director and Designer. Saraes 
Centre Ud.. betoved wife of MoU. Fu- 
neral al Cotters Green 
Crematorium, west chaneL Thurs- 
day 16th October 4 JO pjn. 
SKIFFON - On 5th October, peacefully 
in hospital. Charles wnoara. much 
loved tether of June- JQla Hants. 
Now with his beloved wide Bia. 
SFUHRUR - On October 14lh. al 
Honcywood House. Rowhook. 
Nr. Horsham. Winifred Mary, widow 
of Sir Henry Spurrier, dear mother 
of Pam and Tiny. Oematton ai 
Worth Crem ato r iu m on Tuesday. 
2lsi October. 12moon. Family Oow- 
an only. 

STORAITT - On October 141b 1986. 
peacefully in Whitehaven. John WB- 
Itom Stobart Me of Fariam GbytL 
HaUbankgate. Brampton, aged 88. 
Cramallan private, totermenl al 
L ana rcost May 12DO noon Satur- 
day October 18 th. AH welcome. 
Family flowers only. Donations may 
be sent to Cancer Research; 
SntOM-CNLSEM - On October . 14. Dr 
Rolf Strom-Otaen mjD_ F.R.C. 
Psych. Knight of the order of St. 
Otav. -of 39 Francis Gardens. Win- 
chester. Betoved husband of Elsie 
and fattier of Raymond and John. 
Funeral service al Hyde Church 
winchester on Monday October 20 
al 2pm. Family flowers only. 
STUART • On October 12ih 1986. 

peacefUBy. al Belle Vue' Nursing 
j Home. Inverness. Evelyn Mary aged 
96 years. One time of Duack Lodge: 
Nethybritigb UttenheM al Abflrnethy 
Cemetery, i a 00am on Friday Octo- 
ber 17th 1986. Ftmml 
arrangements By. and flowera to. 
John Fraser & Son Funeral Direc- 
tors. Chapel Street. Inverness before 

THAURANN - Edith. See Manners-' 

TOOLEY - On October l2ttv Ronald 
Vera, suddenly. In Nortoflc Interna- 
lionatty known antkfUarian 
Cnrtosrapher. sadly missed ay son 
and daughter. Michael and Ann. Do- 
nations In lieu of Dower*, for Royal 
National Institute for the Blind. Eh- 
quires please to H.H. Akttn. Funeral 
Directors. Dereham. NorfOBc. 
TWNffitG-SMRTH • On October 12th 
1986. al Poote. Rev Edward Twin- 
inq-Smtth. betoved Husband of 
Margaret and dear Father of Sue. En- 
quiries to Thpper Funeral Service. 
Poole. Tel (0202) 673164. 


NOtmSDSE Frederick Samuel (Pro- 
fessor). in most losing A happy 
memory on Ihis. your Birthday. 



Uth Orel ni ion tntun 
Kid Oft 18 
ramrdial Hau. 
lUMmmttn A uw 
VkIoou SW1. 

1P.M. 30p. 

hdtn luoiv (-OMUL MML noute hoW 

nmtv Dounwp. Bunn rouutn-. 
w.ik) a bur vrlte. 

WERE you wtm me Bterkaooi Qitt Cmxr 
lQ5fi/bO 7 We are Pteiming a 30yr rr- 
unno JiMv/Augusa 1987 Coman A 

te^rndw 01353 8620 wflKri 

®Wh: Ptraer gel in men as soon as 
i-ou ran Own 

LAST MINUTE Mr anything maybe you 
forgot to do. Arranoemens/Qrti/DW 
mouxkr struct. Trirpnone 0836 
2 261QQ 

SCU£T Wfc Exctudve hUraduc- 
nons for uw uiiMtachM. 88 riaddmi 
Sum. London Wl. Triwime 01-493 

F RB t HPi mF. Lose or Marriage. Aliases. 

. ajras Denune. Dept «H 6)15 AWnodon 
Road. London W8. TH: 01-938 toil. 

QMHTMA5 PARTY see Siellgnta of Lon- 
don on our fabulous Rntaursul Bus. 
Wine, dine and dance. Party 
567 6483. 

SELECT most. Exrluut* MnfW- 
bom (Or me —B a ched. 68 Maddor 
sum. London W1. THephonc 01-493 

DALMNE 6V*8 Ud srofcsttaMl rurricu- 
lun sKar document*. Details: 01-631 

TOOT SUM arm lo mow you care. 
They ran ruddle ■ ptfl for you Co share! 
TH 0836 286100. 

CONVEY AN CMC ay tuny OUaUflM SoUcF 
|>HV Cl 80 * VAT and standard 
daaurmnei m rtne Oau 319398. 

srhcM 11840 age group) Tot 01-373 


! *W17 Near Normmi line Law smow 
ci 70 nm nerL Large double a snarers 
or ran Cl30eart> cxa. om soil muno 
Cuy preria. Lux CM house. Ah mod cons. 
TH. Ol 323 3849 

FLATMATESi SeMttve Stump. Web 
mtab introO M Tiwy sen. ire. Poe M tor 
snob 01-589 6491. 313 SWVM 
i Roml SW3 

1 FUL H A M Stooit room m taw 3 oeorm. 2 
bathrifihse All mod cono. £06 bw exri. 
THXM 091 7810 MHWL Ol 716 3572 

HAMPSTEAD 8EATH. Lorety room wMt 
own bauiraam m luxury hOWK- SWi 
lady 40*. CSOpw Ring 0880 880000 
alter 030 

khdre double nMm al SI38 oerramder 
month Run oner 6 pm 01^(37 4725. 

LEYTON STONE Prof fh/f rag tor modem 
ftUiy eoumed DM elore u tube. £46 pw 
Inct + telephone. 0I-SA6 7026. 

WR'v.cwnfartaote Nm rtoL o/r. gpactoui. 
pearefBL nr tube. VMn. wn. off M pisg 
rn. E68pw. n/s. ren. suh prof, ca aoe 

W IMM . 1TUM PARK. Prof wimp Unbare 
Urge CVH home 0*0 pw. O/R. Near 
lube. Phone: 01 946 3320 KM*. 

BED SIT in ouiei SW9 DM tor mature aroT 
M/F. Share k and b. JMOpw tour, neb 
COTHHial. Tri Ol 570 2446. 

CLAPNAM Sown*: PreieaHonM 

maie/ffmalc to atmre house Own room. 
£40 pw exci THA784316 IFML 

WANTED FLAT / House Share tor 1 or 2 
Cambndpc Oradoates . ( 22 . aan r euto d 
ren hat London. Tel: 0230468740 

GML 22, mxvxmofcer aceMBCCMUMM- 
son. £36 pw. TW 689 2391 after 7 JO 


★★1ST CLASS** 

■ * S-YDKft 



A Alt kL^D 

* FU1 ^ 

* naNflLAK 
+ SIWi«V1R£ 

* nt B*i _ 

* mid EaST 

* LI •JALA- 

* L ««i£LES 
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* htELBOt'RNE » 

* BklSB\N£ * 


* S AFRK 4 * 

* fttujNCTns * 


* TOhin # 



* KAJRria a 

* H-VRARL * 


* MIAMI * 


C 2 S per or up lo paid for tBver articles. 
£260 Der or for «om. AH d i am ond 
le%walhry bought. Mr Mart 01-960 8030 
or Write 361 Marrow Road. London. 
W9. ah England emend. 

ASSISTANT required tor me man ntrlUno 
new Wme Merrlncds in London. See 
Cnwal Appondmenla. 

mreLLCHY. Cold, sih-er. Dtanonds in- 
orally wanted. Top tvtce*. wuHams. 43 
Lames Conduit si WCl. 01 406 8658. 

WANTED F muuc sudrai with piano 
gecfc&ofM Easy accent to cSy. CSOpw. 
Ol 221 3623 

WANTED Edwardian. Victori a n am ah 
panned Itarnttore. Mr Aahion 01 907 
6946. 667-469 Gama Luw. EarbfMd. 





Metadata lehrt PUP 1* 8 1* atato 

ranu\ Bate la ondrriay 12* wUr from 
uora 7 veat wmrgaaiaMfp Nr hgmpgr 
oHire ca 7S per tqyd OartumiH cork 
Mm NNwai 275 « 276 only am pnre 
a n vwherr B 4 per ignl Rrrfrtt gooto. 
PfciMtw unm wn«n ot Main ramrant 
■a London. Ad gnm ntflumr oi ml 
986 New Kings Read 
Parent Otto SW6 

Tet 01-731-2688 
Free EdimlnCwni FBUng 


i Piano. CAjna 
need of small M- 

BNMHn Upright Un need of ■ 
tendon) £500. TefcOl-674 3468 

8I W OH T 8 OF NCTTLdDED COmgtete dW>- 
ino room sunes in sodd BnzlUan 
mahogany and aoHd Engtoh oak. nvaH- 
aHe from Nocfc. For IMMEDIATE 
DELIVERY, nonatofl fine mt amn l m by 
mnunarm A Coodwtn. Arthur Brett, 
wnuam TMman end Andrew sun. 
Nett le bed. - near . Hailey an Thamea 
ri)49li 641116. Bournemouth 40002) 
293880. TctMbam. Devon 1 0592871 
7443 ^ Beriudcy. Gaw «M6» aiow». 

FINEST Quality wool carpets, ai trade 
prices and under, also available 100 * 
ndra Large room an remnants under 
haM normal price. Oiancery Carnets Ol 
405 0453. 

light Exp. Chess. Las mb. ah theatre 
and aportt. 

Tet 62 1 -66 16/8280496. 

A. Ex / Visa / Dtners. 

BMnNDAY DOE T CMS someone an origi- 
nal Tinea Newspaper dated toe very 
day they were born. £12-50 0492- 

SEAT7WDEN1. Best HCfcets tor aU sold- 
oul rveoB. Our cMettta include man 
maior computes. CWdll cards accepted. 
01 828 1678. 

IK TMKS 17P 5 IWL OtMr dues 
aiaL Hand bound ready tor pressnt a - 
iton • also -Sundays". £l2-5a 
Remember When. 01-688 6323. 

UNBELIEVABLE combined 14" col T.V 
with bum w VM S reco rder remote Con- 
trotted « only £399 nom Tops. 91 
Lower Stoane Street 

CATS, CHESS. La Mb. AD theatre and 
Sport. Tel 469 1763. AD maoor credh 

CMNA Herrnd Apponia. Various dtooer 
*m aw pern ted BriTe. Ol 684 7380 
l Daytim e I ■ 

von buy cheaper? BAS Lid. 01 229 

rh iwnmndt drtlvenete Tec (03801 , 
85003*1 IWUtel. j 

VOUte FLAGSTONES tor psUos A driwv 
Writ* LnwdMion sale. TH 06! 223 
OMH/Obl 231 6786. 

over I year iAPR 09* Low mwreal 
rates our 2 years i APB 9.6“oJA3swars 
(APR 122<W Written OMo caiom Free 
catalogue, son Mktoeur Road. NWfc 

01267 7671. 

2 BEAUTIFUL BMttUMn Cranda. w# 
rtans Jnstnanmu. good price for quick 
sale B86 4981.IT) 

BMMDWOOD Mtny Upright Cottage re- 
ams. ExrMrnl ptayrno otder.luned. 
E79B. Man condition. 01-453 0148. 

M3L Prof F 2fr». n/s, Ige o/r In c. mtr Hal 
nr lube. 20 Mm city- £40 pw. cxc. Tel 
01683 9949 

FIMUCBl Prof N/S. 23-36 share Ipe mals. 
O/R + enaUllr baUL C75-PW. 01-352 
03B9 after 2 

N ICM BIOND. Prof person 28+. N/S. w«h 
O/R in large Dai £200 toe. Tel Ol 94c 

SWIS graf pram, lovely rm. lax house > 
noetiampum. £itO pem + Ora TH Ol 
828 5841 ml 38 

W7. Luxury sparious DM. prof M/F. Own 
levy lame dome room N/s. nr tone 
£50 pw Tet Ol 540 6029 after 7pm 
m gM 10 - 26 . to snare i bed Oai with l 
other £195 ton tori- Near transport 
and shoos. Tet Ol 741 8M3. 

W-KDL 4m girl req. N/S- Own room ir 
muratty mum iul £40 pw «t 
TeCOI 388 6386 

WANTED own room In shared house to 
nfa 26 yr oU prof. mate. THAI 62E 
2873 daytime and 01 672 6772 Mght 












T ‘S43r^gr 


Knoad adi we an) padteio: oa totanag bag 
\mh lot jnada l'SAAapapc«|tnnes 
lirr AMU 
AmUVZ.e FarEaMcm 
ll)7J7 4J7JV 

1 oanwiral tenwin kpeentau 


ABTA 72102. Member ol the bntt&M of 
find & Totrism. 

UP UP & away 

NairobL Jo-Burg. Cairo. DuhaL 
telanbcL S i ngapore. KJ- DethL 
Bangkok. Hong Kong. Sydney. 
Europe. A The Americas. 

76 Shaftesbury Avenue 
London W1V TOG. 

01-439 0102/01-439 7751 
Open Saturday 10.00-13.00 

AMTMKEYBSderMfsts New Vorit £269. 
LA £346 Toronto a 19. NMRM £329- 
Sydney £769. AnrKtend C749. Oartter 
130 Jermyn GtreeLOl 839 7144 

rope. USA A mosl desiinattono. 
Dtptomal Travel; 01-730 2201. ABTA 

CHEAP FLMtrra Worldwide. Haymartiat 
01-930 1366. 

DWCOUN T FABES Worldwide: 01-434 : 
0734 Jupiter Travel. 

Open Sal. 0753 867036. 

FLHHTBOOKED5 Discount Foret wortd- 
wide. 01387 9100 I 

LOW CUR Fares lo L'-SA. Major Travel 
01 486 923T IATA. 

INtitLES * * MIAMI * 


* IM * IM * l-S* *1154 * 


(Bfd MM) 

in Siam Si ipan . &umv 
8l)737i liSVL'XtXCimtt 


My BON owns a tttndaus ftafiy 
staffed vflta with pool tm the Weal 
Coast. Due to recent amceittdon 
we now have vac anci es for the 
mootti Of November. Normal rental 
is £2800 per week excluding 
airfares for 6 people. WfU do for 
CtTOa Also avattahle honeymoon 
cottage steeps 2. Rail £400 p.w. 
ewchnUpg ai r far e s . 

For imtber details A bro ch ure s 

Sandra YeHowtey 
during Office hours on 
021-233 1200 or write tor- 
87 Camden SteeeL Hockley. 
Birmingham 81 3DE. 


Mow low-cosi ffigtes via mote routes 
» bote donations 
don any other agmey 


• Foil expen. high-tech service 

• Free muidwide hotel & car hire pass 

• up to 60% discounts 

f niml m l Halim! hunnmrf 

Rxcipi Exchange. 

Map Si Book Shoo 


The Tmvtflen Travel Game 
4248 Earis Cowl Row! 
Lindoe W8 (£1 
Lont-Hteil 01-609 ISIS 
Europe/USA 01-937 5400 
Ist/Bwiness 01-938 3444 ■ 
Government Licemed/Bonded 


Tran] yovredf to thM axcraOmai op- 
portunlar af a meu) and of season 
offer In TAORMINA, one of the 
warm's moat team resorts. 

21 October lSnMhta £2*9 
23 Ortober 13 nights £229 

28 October 8 nights £179 

30 October 6 nights £169 

2 November 3 ntgnu £139 

Fulty tori oi daytknr GMwtcfc IHghts: 
BAB aeoom: MM OTw ft w A alrpon 


828uc1dngliM Cate. London 8W1E6PO. 

01-222 7452 • 

MnNw d Brosfi UW towais pie G«up 


Return Rattan 

Jonurg/Har £466 Douato £420 

Nairobi £390 Sydney. £760 

Cura £230 Auckland £780 

Lagos £360 Hong Kang £660 

Del/Bombay £390 Miami £330 

Bangkok £360 And Many More 
162/168 Regent SL Wl 
TEL: 01-437 8203/6/7/8 
Late A Group BiMUnp Wdcnw 














•JuThr y 











Hong Kong 




UNL Regent £ 


CLAPNAM North Prof pne*. own tur- 
ntened room in wvety ibu. £186 pan 
tori. Tri. Ol 274 2865 (eves) 

MUM* ELL MU Stogte rm avnlUMe 
Prof, person. N/S to hw. flat. AM coma, 
dw (turn, wtn/ld etc. £4S pw exC. Tri: 
Ol 491 1676 daytime. 

EARL* COUNT Ftenb to snare Ch ItaL 
o/r. n/s. C2Q0PCIA. call Martin alter 
6pm Ol .373 1080. 

■ATTEMEA/CLAPMAM prof «lri M> 
snare luxury Rat. own room, to Phare 48 
toriUtes £170 pcm. TW01-350 1090 

CLAPNAM Oonunon femate o/r. share 
C/H rial wdh gun. N/S near station. 
£I73pcrn -e bins, twoi 726 2711 days 
223 8309 mvs 


We put 
an ad in this 
so you could 

another child 
going in 
the obituary 

Place tend a donation to 
Dr. A, Gilmoar, NSHCC, 
ref.. Tint , 67 Saff ron Hill, 
London ECiX 8 Rs-PHIfSe 

Ol 734 5307. 

S. AFRICA From £465. 01-584 7371 

SPAM. Portugal. Cheapest tores. Biggies. 
01 735 8191 ATOL- 

LEY. Ctnb a Eronomy CUa. Special 
terra, HTT Tel: 01 930 1306. 

TRAVEL CSJTTRE. Worldwide nights 
raerutotog in itt. Club CteM. eronomy 
to AimransL South Africa. USA. LMbon. 
Faro. Geneva Also acromodauon Swtas 
Alps. Lisbon Coasts. Atearve Apts A pri- 
vate vUlaa. Ol 666 7025 ABTA 73196 
£420 rm CT6*. AurMand o/w£420rin 
£776 JO' burg o/w CM6 rtn G486. Los 
Ang etea o/w £178 rtn £340. London 
riMM Centre 01370 6332. 

V ALEXANDER European Sun. nktota. 
Ol 402 4262/0062 

Vainandcr. CompMJUve wwMwiR 
fares. 01-720 2277. Abta Amt law 

AMERICA toghts with Manchester depar- 
lures A also south Africa A New 
Zealand Tri Travel Centre. Blackburn 
■02361 S32S7 ABTA 73196 
CHRISTMAS bi the Canaries • 
Lanrarote/Fuertev'eiUura. II Der - 4 
weriu CS99 0923 77T266 TlmsWBV 
HON ABtA ATOL 1107. 

CORFU Bargains- prawllfui del vWaa nr 
beam. 2«preU991 wk. £229 2 wks. 
Also Maul A QmuS. OM/MTW. PM 
Work! HoOdaya Ol 734 2562. 

LATIN AM ERIC A. Low com nights eg. 
rm £483. Lima £093 itn. ak Bmatl 
Croup HoUdny Journeyswieg fern mm 
£5501 JLA Ol 747-5108 
LOW FARES TO America. A ui t ra W j A 

~T— t Tralenfl Tri m 1 — — "1 

Travel 35 Whurtuff. London, swi. 
ABTA 3483X. 

Amenra. MM and Far East, s Africa. 
Traytate. 48 uamarei Sweat, wi. 01 
680 2928 (Visa Acteuted) 

M EN OWCA. Tenerife. Greek tstamts. Al- 
garve VHIas Apts Pensions Tovernas. 
HoOdaya/ FUghts. BrocnureVDoounoa. 
Ventura Hof Mays. Tri 07A2 331100 
destmahons For the tti aa pesi tores, try 
uslvi. Rtrhmapd TraveL 1 Duhr Street. 
RKtonond Surrey. ABTA 01-9404073.. 
NtePo m uR sent sate 10 LSA-Caribhean- 
Far CastAuuraUB. (tell the 
protemion a la ABTA IATA re eRCnHfd. 
Tri 01 254 5788 

ALICANTE, raro. Malaga Ht Ommmmi 
T ravel ATOL 1783. 01-881 4641. 
Hcmam 66041 

ATHENS. Malaga. Faro. Patou. Mid 

terms a xnus. atso limy- Germany a 
S wits fr CS9 Peter Pan Qi 491 9749 
BEST Fares. Best Fbghis Bnt hoHdaw 
am -where sw Travel. 01 834 7426. 

CA MARSES Spam Portugal may. Greece. 
Madrid ir067 Tri. 01 4344326 ATOL. 
Ah Buuun 

EUROPC/WORLD WME |gw«s< fares On 
rnanei/umeduiM IBs. total Fligm Ol 
631 0167 Agt Atol 1693. 

HOLLAND. Oulu- (Ugh*. £36 O/W £55 
Rtn. New VBift. U29 O/W. £286 Rtn. 
Mvartr Jet. 01 379 3322 
Stowware C4S7 Other FE nun 01-584 
66 14 A BTA 

LOWEST Ah Farre Europe and world 
wide Ol 836 8622. BucMngbacn 

ROME LWxm £99 Frankfurt Para £60 
. I TC 01 328 3336/01 651 4513. 

SPAM PoriwM canaries Greece Italy fr 
t&4 Sunwtieri 01-434 4597/8. 

AFOL 1776 

Faktor 0! 471 0047 ATOL 1640 

Huge Dwoort* Avan oe tel A CMC 


21 Swanow SL London Wl 
01-439 2100/437 0637 


17 OCT FROM £120 
Vdtes. ants, tevwias. 

II molts. 

Dents FYktoys/sahwday*. 

0622 677071 or 
0622 677076 m 

ATOL 1792. 

2nd Honeymoons ... Dbcun the Magic . 
Of Ualy's romantic dun to Autumn or I 
winter. Cad 01-749 7449 for your 
FR£E colour brochure. Magic of Holy I 
l>M T. 47 Shtgbetm Btato Green. Lon- 
don. WI2 6PS. I 

TAKE TDK OFF lo Paris. Amsterdam. 
Brussels. Bruges. Geneva, Berne. Lau-' 
smar. The Hague. Dublin. Rouen. 
Boulogne A Dieppe. Time Off. 2a. Ches- 
ter Close. London. SW1X 780. 01-235 

A1MERU Ovibrt winm--wam vaaey. 
BOWL rite. golf. Ate sip 4/6. Beach 
Momar lO rams. From £80 pw. 0604 

6VD/MEL £636 Perth £565. AH maior 
ra n ters to Aus/NZ. 01-684 7371 

TUNISIA. For your holiday where Its MU 
summer Call for our broch u re now. Tu- 
iraan Travel Bureau. 01-373 Mil. 

ALL US emu. Lwm to res on motor 
scheduled carriers. 01-684 7571 ABTA 


MAMVL LUX vfllas with pools. OCLA 
Uiro winter. Ootfera w et rotne. 01 409 
2838. vino Worm. 


The flnett houses for rrateL 73 Si 
James St. Slffl. Ol 491 0802. 


Chalet s/e A Hotel holidays 

- Fabulous discounts - 

- The best value chalets from 

- Guarantee no currency sur- 
charge on bookings before 

For our netting brochure 

01-584 5060 

SKI WEST • HEW! Spenai offers on 
taoups UNO FOfl A DLAL! Ate other 
low prices nailing ai £69. 
avi. lor a root- of our burn Dm brochure 
•OH 785 9999. AMa 69286 Atol 1385. 

British Heart Foundation 

The heart research Charity. 

102 Gloucester Place, l 

London W 1 H 4 DH.' | > 

dn Bvrne offer pertonaused vkung to 
Snwprtond Cnatets. horns, powder 
course. Wends, outfits. 01 223 0601 

YMNKS (Vilrred rttriet. sterra 7/10. 
iimnIi in*, vuper food, near stopra. Ol 
oHp 3414 

FREE. rnu.. FREE Tree Ltn Pawn. Free 
towjuam r. I w miwrrax nohdaw run- 
dm 101 on many daim. Hotrw a apt* 
Irani (Msndi A Moprhratel from tl 19 
su 1 reraona 01 741 4086 A 061 236 
0014 ATQL432 


irn-ndtr romoutiv nrun rtiateti, tuur te A 
4k « ton au p rb $ vaHry. One FREE 
HOtJDAV every 10 . Our ronuuny b 
I kl tor wtor nnt 0484 846996 

SKI HACK VHas. Swttzrrand. 
France. Andorra & the ttaiton Doto- 
mttes al imbwHaWr prices A 
gtriero ug group dfacoupte. Ring us on 
W223) 311113 ABTA 14ISX ATOL 

nano a rtiatet for 10 mum yon lo a 
FREE nobray - any auri Manea of out- 
er diprottoiv for earned mateb. prim 
from C1A9" s/r C59. Rn«g ns now 01 
370 0999. 

SKI BONNE NEME - Chnctmto toertaH In 
Courrheval only C239I TT2) a rhalrt and 
40 FREE" Ring u* for detail* 01 344 

VERROnr. Only £187 caured rtutets tori 
toy riu» Free HoMnr* for Groupi. 
DonT mu* ton Opportunity Slu Whtcr 
01 570 0999 

GREAT suing Hobday*. 7111 Person five. 
January » auauuy «na John Morgan 
no w 10 7301 68021 124 Ural 

MU TOTAL. Superb etiateta. opts, hotels 
to Too FretM-n/AiMrian Rngeb Ir £61 . 
•0932] 231113. 

MU TRACER! Suorni S/C to TURK La 
Piaonr Orux Alpet A Megrve Prices 
from OtU)> GS9! 01 244 7331 


AUTUMN to Ute Lake OHirWl Seif CA 
too arranunodMien Ruga 2/4 to 
•02672J 63134 


Dated me 6 U 1 dav to October 198b 



F W C AFF i Mana g er-pe n! SerweralUd re- 
mate properties in Centipl. sotdh and 
Wml London Arm tar wtottoo appU 
rail tet Ol 221 8838 

NORTH WEMBLEY. Lux 3 bed home m 
tor (airway Bratxuuiiy rum wun nrw 
kHch. romerv / MM room, dbte reap 
lion, v.lg gdn. ggr. arntwnr £l9Sgw. 
Tri PM Up ten Ol 384 1419 an y tou t . 

WANDSWORTH, swis. Nicely r undated 
A deroraied I bedroom (lal wttii Email 
garden . Lounge/dtnute. «o^. SuU cou- 
ple only. £78 pw. Teinhone JW Lid 01 

949 2482. 

homes to let in toe Haropelrad. SI Johns 
wood A Golden croon Area. Bentleys 
436 7191. 

BURSES* HI SI 38 for Good quality 
properties maitebie now m Chefeea. 
KrUghunrldor A Kanstnotan from £130- 

■WU MEWS, tfenstaiglon. Exceptional 
mew* home with raartous arro- 
nsodaitan. paved oardm ♦ vast garage. 
Matter suite. 2 addftKmal bedroorns and 
2nd bMh. American Mtrhen. lovely Dou- 
ble rerrptwu. £450 pw. Please ranted 
tuna nue> Conway w Sawtoera or Kni- 
USMOM on 881 3623. 

wound A basement aetf-enutatoed ffaL 
central neotuig. SmaD garden. DM bed- 
room. Open man kitchen/ toting room. 
Bathroom. Telephone. £86 pw. Td- Ol 
960 0583 

BATTERSEA PARK Charming sunny 3rd 
floor flat, a don Me beds, 1 supie. targe 
terra and kurheo. I bad*, a wri. long 
let. £230 pw nrg 01-223 8808. 

BAYSWATER Luxury f ur nished designer 
ON. 3douMe bedrooms. 9* bathroom. 
uHMv room. Long company let. no 
agento. CS7B pw. Tri. Ol 485 1480 

MK.WICN. Three/fom- bed mod house on 
prn air estatte. large rocro. garago. Closa 
station and schools. Long 1st. Tel: Ol 
761 0444 CM bn). 

KYDE PARK. W2 mod Mock. Top Fir. 2 
Beds. 2 Baths. Bateony. Ftatty fum. Roof 
Odn. Porterage. Loop leL Co or Embas- 
sy C360 pw incgl Tel: 01-631 
0548/01-080 4829 BUCUOSE. 

CROUCH END NS Quiet and spacious gar- 
den flat. 2 doable bedrooms, terae 
lounge, dtp rm and (lord kitchen. ClOte 
to vinage and Partdand Walk. £l35pw 
341 27 24. ' 

ftei/liousr- up to Eaoopw. Usual lees 
reo Ptumps Kay A Lends. South of the 
Park. Chrisea ofnre. oi 352 Sill or 
North oi the Par*. Regain'S Put office. 
Ol 586 9882. 

FULHAM UN. A purpose bttfii 2-bed ftel 
to superb new devcsopmenL te ndiC P P O 
gardens, snower room enriuUe and a 
further bathroom. Soaoous operepten 
rrcen/dta rm American Ryle ktichen. 
gge. newly der throughout. Avail I yre. 
CO let £160 aw. 244 7353 
HOLLAND PARK supteb runt llal Standing 
ai toe m own pnk HHL 2 toe. 
t efnmiH nerrav ipaneued dmfngrnu. I 
ante/ 2 sum) beds. 2 bouw <1 rn sutfei FF 
Vil. mrage 8/ atano. Ml tt pkp- CH tort. 
£500 pw Coiri only. 603 7749 or 0296 

BA R BIC AN EC2. (n the hean of London's 
ftoannal areas, lew mins from bank of 
Enguod and Stork Exchange. Thu su- 
perb apartment on SUi Rr In Ben 
I Johnson House comprises of 1 bed. 1 
bath, reem ff kiKhra. balcony. 24hra 
port e rage, parking Avail long Co leL 
£150 pw. 244 7363 
S E CRET Ota«v to the heorl oi Chrtw U 
Ira nuHte m town house 4 bntv. 3 bains 
and 2 rimming reeralton rooms with 
hmdsrasntt rourlKurt ana terrarev 
Av i Mttti to unfurmshed lo a long terra 
rampanv tenant tar C7BO per week 1 
torough Ceorge Knight The Lotting 
ilgeitf 589 2133 

don Iron £326 pw. Rtng Town Hj* Apts 
. 373 3«33 

FULHAM s/r i nay H u nh tie tt ground floor 
liui 2 bedroom, ullug room, klirttpn. 
bathroom Co let. £476 arm. Tet. 
M arv 7 36 7133 Ext 33 (T> 

A WEST END rial and Hbum List to For 
Sata/Lrt. Dm tv Wootfe Ol 402 7381 
■UUHUUH. i date bed s/c nai CdSpw. 
CH. phone, craw amens Rental Oude 
01686 6552 

RANHEC COMMO N 2 Jtbr rooms. Hunt 
rooking lartUiies. snare bathroom, for 
oinrt non-smoker. £56 pw. 789 0243 
CHELSEA Ughl lux. balcony naL recra. 
dble bedroom. HfL porter. Lang toL Tel. 
01622 6826. 

CLAPItAM Common. NortAuae. 3 nuns 
tune 2bedltel. £430 pcm exci. TCLOl- 
671 3241 

DOCKLANDS runs ana homes, to let 
Uwoughaul I he Docklands area TeCOI 
790 96 0Q _ 

PDitgMont cons, siuoki rut wnn gai 
Irned bedrtn. sep Ml A ttiwr rm £176 
pw. YorkoMr Srrunies Ol 689 9226. 
HKHCATE NB Suoer rriurttfshed 2 bed 
tax fLU. oaiagevavaHaiite. £140 PW. 01 
340 7406. 

■ «* PK Lntnual 3 bed turn mats 
wi|h view A use ol Comm gdnh £220 
PW MX). 747 3611 

KCMHMBTON. W8. Brand new 1st fir lux 
man . 1 due bed. targe rrc.. Ml/duer. t 
min Hffto St. GIBS pw met 938-5395- 
KEMNNOTON SWS Bnghl Cheerful flat. 
Prior Jones funushefl. 2 bedrooms, 
rerep. K A b C120DW GM. 581 4103 
MARBLE ARCH Fum Mansion ftel 2/3 
Bods. ? Hrc KA8. Ch. Co teL CL7Spw. 
883 4037 

MAYFAIR HYDE PARK. The moil knun 
ous long/ short lets 1/6 beds best oners 
01 935 9612 iU 

NX. Lux tin' house 3 beds. 2 r ergpra . K A 
B. patio FU#y furnished C2SO pw 
Hunters 857 7365 

H7 2/3 bed (urn nix’d toe mil a/6 profs. 
CH. newiv der. wash/dryer, roof ten-. 
£700 PCM Tri OI 452 1306 
0VERLOOKHK Montouue (to Odm W l 
SpaniK 1 bed ILtf Cl 75.0 w Tri 01 
036 3343 

PUTNEY. 1 due bed kn flu. wadi mark, 
balrmv. lift, porter. mitH Nrttn. £140 
UW 10 inr CH A CHW 01 788 8858. 
BUSSEll M. Lovely sludio. Fully fur 
luvned K & B £130 pw Hunters. 837 

S HOI Gdn rintfire: aurartive. warm a. 
hm- vluiHo flat tor 1 CTO pw Tri. 01- 
373 Oe67 

SIOANE MO ARE 2 iwra. Lux. 2 bed flat, 
furnished b»- designer C325hW 936 
2781 iTi 

ST J O H NS WOOD 1 bed flat Lin Uortt 
Newtv deroraied. Porters Shop Nr ata- 
lion £145 Pw Tri Ol 452 5890 
ST JO H NS WOOD SetrilHHi erf eraettont 
2/3 Bed flan A houses. C260OW- 
CbOOtov Alien Bates A CP 499 16b8. 
SWll. Brintofoily [teepfated 2 bedroom 
ftel K * 8 Fttoy lurmsned. Ci40ow. ■ 
Hunters. 837 7365- 

5W19 Pmiv 2 bed mots with walled gdn. 
Loe rerep. aaflirra wiin satmx Co let 
£275 PW SOY LE A CD 01 370 3266 



we are are ptesoed to announce me open- 
ton of Hertford! where we can offer a 
srieritaw of nsuuy Suhw. i a 2 Bed 
apartments serviced 6 days pw. 2 a pour 

We UnBe you to tour 
Hong A view 



Furnished flat 2 beds, very large 
hwiwe. hall drain* area. A de- 
lightful entrance. £250 weekly. 


Ol 493 0887 


Spacious Family bouse luxuri- 
ously furnished. Gas CH. 3 good 
sizeo bedrooms, 2 receptions, fit- 
ted kitchen. Larger garden. DU 
|arap. 10 minuus tube/shops. 

Tet 01-677 3536 


Funtishcd S bed basemeni nat 
wtui verdant patio. 

C3S0 pw net) tnrl. 

01-631 0914. 

m tVR JLD APMTTMEHT6 to Kensingt o n 
CM T v 2t nr sw Trim. CMbognam 
Apartments Ol 373 6306 

SWlfL Ground floor flat. 1 bed. urge re 
erphon. Iupv rated kurheo a nathrm 
£120 pw Co let wily, drmna renrwaMr 
RronxyHouie Properties 01-937 5710 

AVAILABLE MOW Luxury flats A loon 
£300 Cl .000 pw Tri Burgoo 581 

■wgoUSMr SUH PTOf ttnpte/cOupte. M 
Ol 352 4679. 

rrat for iwwnniau rxertmves. Long a 
short mi in an arras Unfriend a Co. 
48. Atoemarte 8l Wi 01499 5334. 

BAKER STREET, nrpencs Park. Luxury 
rirganl aparintenl. doobte bedroom, re- 
repuen. bauiroato. ulira modern 
Ulrtirii. nmvervatory/dlmng room, pa- , 
Ho C2O0 pw conuuny let. Mr PfHtatJv 1 
Ol 938 6868 

CHELSEA. Smun St. SWS. Nrwty dec 2 
ned 1M nom ftel. Ch. rtre. gas A dron- 
ing tor CO tet only £300 pw. Tor 6 . 
mow to. Short let by nrg Avaaobtr 
now Tri Tracy or Rowrna Ol 629 
2791 Mon ■ Fri no aoenh m. 

HAMMERS WIN WL A recentty renoval- 
ed 2/3 bed house ui giaei rcudentlal 
road. 1/2 rccra s . Mr- ff kk/dto rm wtah 
open fire, super ham. neauumi cgnser- 
vatory. garden ideal for uuidiy. Pref Ca 
let. £175 pw. 244 7363 

Isj Hr naL tagn retted mra. rate 
brslrai- brihrm. mod WL lovely roof ter 
rare lived now Long Co IrL C1BO p.w. 
Mtokrih 681 2216 

Mitai nutt a roostanuy changing se- 
lertion of furntsned flats A Kouhs. ! 
£ 160 pw-G 6 AOOpw. Benham A Reeves. 
Kenringlon A surrounding arras. Ol. 
938 3622. . 

SW7 2 nun Hinir park, ar lube and bus. 

1 urettenl aewtv tier and fum item 2 tied 

UN rh. rev porter, pge stvaU. Coin C2SO , 
pw 01 589 3197. | 

met 2 luxury interior designed flats nr 
Hyde Park. avattaMc for long co let- 3 
beds. Snaths, large rrctPL CSOOpworl 
bed. i bath, targe recept C130 pw. Also 
avaU lor short let. Ol 637 7031 ML 

WIMRI EflffN Supeto luxury apartment. 

2 beds. 2 bains. FF bflenen. wasn/dricr. 
Spacious mauuataied mature from / 
rear gardens. Cpe. Close lo cutuman / 
vHtegr. Iri 01 879 0801 evenings. 

BATTERSEA - Morgans. Walk- New. rutty 
equipped ftel. 2 dole beds. 1 sngle. 2 
baths. Garage, pretty garden £280pw 
lor Immediate Iri- Tri 585 1997. 

BEHR A DUTCNOFF for luxury properttes 
to St Johns wood. Re _ . ^ 
ruts Park. Matda vale. Swim Con A 
l iawpttrad 01 088 7561 

CHELSEA. Newly conrertMl maisonette, 
overtooklng river. 3 dM beds. 2 bams. 2 
re ceps. C2S0pw Co let. 060882 338. 

CLAPNAM COMMON Sumrang 2 bed- 
room. newly furntthrd/ decorated flat 
use of garden- CiBO pw met. Tettfil- 
627 2406 briorr H am A after 5 pm 

CLAPNAM SWA Spac- C/H 4 bed. 2 bath 
house Avail Nov Oompany/family let 
pref. £900 nrm. TetOi 720 0647 after 
7 pm 

HYDE PK W2. Sumy mews nse. 3 dM 
beds. 2 urns, matter ed state e tecurri. 
RootgdnABrpierr Huge open-pten Ige. 
Cxrei lum. £650 pw. Ol 723 4133. 

■MJMCrroN Odn flat, dbte bedroom, to- 
ling room, k A #. central nrotlng. 
washing marMne. wug mf lrenl pantea. 
private panting COB pw 01-609 6708 

LANCASTER KATE. SC flat now vacant 

1 bed. 1 rerep. beta- Wien. CH. Hit. 
C120pw CO let pref. Tri 262 89T6 or 
529 2242 

HUM VALE Soaoous 3 Bed Mate, 1 
Rerep. Both/WC. KB/LK-tog. 
iWasn/Dryi S mins tube, avail now. 
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and BR. 26 mtos VKtOrta Own parape 
1 year let £430 peto. TW.Ol 39»rfT722 

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CeBtfRMd bo page 39 

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shrug off 

The end of the elm that split a village 

Continued from page I 

officials have said the with- 
drawal is an indication that 
the Government is streng- 
thening its hold and could 
control the country even if 
Soviet troops withdrew com- 

In Islamabad, a Pakistani 
Foreign Ministry spokesman 
said: “If the Kabul regime is 
indeed confident about imp- 
rovement of the situation 
inside Afghanistan, we would 
hope it would call for the 
immediate withdrawal of an 
foreign forces.” 

George Shultz, the Secretary 
of State, said the withdrawal 
was little mote than a token 
pull-out (Michael Binyoo 

“We welcome any with- 
drawal, but it is even de- 
scribed by the Russians as a 
token or a symbol, and that's 
what it is,” he said in a 
television interview. “The 
main point is that there are 
very large numbers of Soviet 
armed forces occupying Af- 
ghanistan and they should all 
leave so that the people of 
Afghanistan can construct a 
government of their own 

I A riotous Shanghai welcome 

Continued from page 1 

At Shanghai, there was a 
regiment of 1.500 children 
waving, with military pre- 
cision, an assortment of inflat- 
able plastic pandas, blow-up 
goldfish, and things that ap- 
peared to be white plastic 
inner tubes. 

It was a riot of colour and 
noise, which the Queen 

Her immediate entourage 
did not. however, appreciate 
the enthusiasm with which the 
Chinese security men beat 
back the surging hordes, be 
they curious Shanghai rubber- 
neckers or even more curious 
British press photographers. 

Michael Shea, the Queen's 
urbane Scottish press sec- 
retary. was roughly man- 
handled when he went to the 
aid of cameramen denied a 
good position, and Mr Tony 
Insall, a First Secretary at the 
British Embassy in Peking, 
received equally rough han- 
dling when he went to help 

The Queen, accompanied 
by the Duke of Edinburgh, 
and the ever-feiihfttl Sir Geof- 
frey Howe tailing her shadow. 

was taken to' a lunchtime 
banquet by the Mayor of 
Shanghai, at which he tried to 
outdo his masters in Peking by 
offering her a banquet of 
eleven courses, instead of the 
ten presented by President Li 
in the Great Hall of the 

Her afternoon foray into 
downtown Shanghai was not 
quite like anything she had 
ever seen before. Every stew 
and alley on her route was 
packed with a sea of curious 
faces: every window and every 
shop doorway crammed with 

The people's police, who 
tend not to ask questions 
before they strike out beat the 
crowds back into their allotted 
places with a brutality which, 
had she seen it, would have 
distressed her. 

Walking barely six feet from 
the seething mass, but stop- 
ping to talk to none, the Queen 
strolled with her entourage 
through a labyrinth of tumble- 
down alleys and passages. 
Across some were strung silk 
flags of welcome; across oth- 
ers, washing. She stopped at 
the window of a restaurant 

and watched with fascination 
at the labours of those within 
making dumplings. 

At tiie end of her walk she 
stopped in an exquisite tea 
house approached by a zigzag 
bridge (to debar evil spirits 
who can only travel in straight 
lines) and took two cups of 
DrAgon Well tea from a 
brown earthenware cup. 

The Queen, looking as 
though she was enjoying the 
experience, moved on to the 
Mandarin’s Garden, a haven 
of pagodas, pavilions, water- 
fells and bridges. 

Last night, it was the turn of 
the Queen to host a return 
banquet for the Chinese pres- 
Dent, Li Xiannian, on board 
the Royal Yacht. Britannia, 

Predient Li and other Chi- 
nese guests enjoyed a banquet 
of a mere four courses, but it 
only sounds smaller because 
the English heap several things 
on their plate at once. The 
Queen is noted for her frugal- 
ity and quiet good taste. But 
you would have some job 
explaining that to the masses 
straining for a glimpse of her 
from the pavements of the 

By David Cross 

In 1646, when the Great 
Elm of Ramsbmy in Wiltshire 
was but a seedling. King 
Charles I had just lost the 
CSvB War and the English 
were occupying the Bahamas. 

Nearly 130 years later, John 
.Wesley used its shade as a 
platform for preaching the 
Methodist message and more 
recently, American airmen sat 
imder its leafy brandies to 
propose to their local 

After years of wrangling 
about fts futur e, workmen 
moved in yesterday to remove 
the final stomp watched by 
local residents like Mrs Phyl- 
lis Lockey (above). Another 
villager (right) carried off a 
large piece of the tree which 
finally died of Dutch Elm 

The argument over whether 
the tree was dead or afire spfit 
die village. In 1983, the 
villagers voted by a majority of 
just 17 ora of a total of nearly 
700 to pull it down bat die day 
of reckoning was postponed. 

Local folklore has it that the 
Great Elm carried die corse of 
a witch, Maude Toogood, who 
once made her home in it. 

Photographs: Ros Drinkwater 

v, I. 


Today’s events 

Royal e n gage ments 
Princess Anne visits Banbury; 
arrives Young Industry training 
workshop, 10.45. 

The Duke of Gloucester, 
President, the British Consul- 
tants Bureau, opens the World 
Development seminar, the Hil- 

ton hotel 9.20; and later, 
accompanied by the Duchess of] 

Gloucester, attends a banquet to 

mark the twenty-first anniver- 
sary of the bureau, Guildhall 
London, 7.45. 

The Duchess of Gloucester, as 
patron, visits Westfield College, 
London University, Kjdderporc 
Avenue, 1220. 

The Duchess of Kent, as 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,178 


1 Keeping up with a network, 
as in “The French 
Connection” (7). 

5 A second Druse assembly 
guaranteed (7). 

9 Agreement from meeting of 
Macbeth's sisters with work- 
ers (9). 

10 Tender, though at a more 
advanced stage of decompo- 
sition? (51 

11 Dish given quietly by the 
Florentine to the Parisian 

12 Habitual enslavement of a 
hundred also in other words 


14 Trader fixed meeting of 
Antonio and Don Pedro, 
perhaps (8.6). 

17 Unaffected account studied 
by Carl von Linne (7.71 

21 Sounds like an unrestrained 
period for growth! (4.5). 

23 Conclude that a small num- 
ber escaped from Hell (5). 

24 Defence giving a party 
immunity at first (51 

25 A chart led disorderly 
characters here for services 

(9) ' - 

26 Support accomplice in a 
constitutional manner (7). 

27 They pay the rent the boy 
understands (7). 

3 Woman with Uule weight, 
right for media work (9). 

4 Plant in By. a strange place 
to produce music (3.3,5). 

5 For Balaam's reproacher, a 
direction twice given (3). 

6 Thus admitted to being a 
disciple of Zeno (5). 

7 Flighty type foremost in 
trapping a bully (7). 

8 Crazy to have telephoned 
indeed (8). 

13 Harmful being tired out 
and commonly 8(11). 

15 They keep servants of long 
standing (91 

16 Cold war armament a bore, 
we hear, to Orwell (8). 

18 Markedly effective way of 
counting votes (7). 

19 Relate with ease, say, to the 
judge (7). 

3) Questions on King’s evil 
contained therein (6). 

22 As the poet said, it's bound 
to have material value (5). 

25 Joint youth leader, archly 
reticent (3). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,177 


1 Acknowledge Chinese bor- 
ders in revised pact (6). 

2 Pul a new price on 
entertainment — about a 
pound (7). 

Concise Crossword 

patron, attends the Yorkshire] 
County Qicket Club dinner. 
Harrogate, 735. 

Prince Michael of Kent, as a 
trustee, attends a meeting of the 
trustees of the National Motor 
Museum, Motor Show, Na- 
tional Exhibition Centre, Bir- 

the'fnteraationa] Motor Show, 


Last chance to see 

Sculptures by Lynn Chad-4 
wick; Beaux Arts. York St, BathJ 
10 to 5. 

Prizewinners Schoolchild-! 
ren’s Art Competition; Art GaW 
lery and Museum, KetvingroveJ 
Glasgow, 10 to 5. 


Piano recital by Vlado 
Periernuter; Brangwyn HalL 
Swansea, 7.30. 

Recital by toe Anriol String 
Quartet; St George’s, Brandon 
HiU, Bristol I. 

Recital by the Choir of the 
Royal Grammar School; King’s 
Hafi, Newcastle University, 
1 . 10 . 

St Alban's Festival Bir- 
mingham: Organ recital by) 
Thomas Trotter, 1.E0; Concert} 
by the Nova Wind Quintet, 
7.30; St Alban and St Patri * 
Couybere Si Bmniaghaa. 

Song recital by Brian Kayd 
Royal Institution. River St, I 
Truro, 7.30L 

Concert by the English Brass 
Ensemble; Newton Abbot Com- 
munity Centre. 8. 

Recital by Linda Shenatt 1 
(soprano) and John Wilson 
(piano); Royal Exchange. Man- 
chester, 1. 

Concert by the Stockholm 
Sinfcmiena: St David's Hall 
Cardiff. 7 JO. 

Kano recital by OUi Mus- 
tonen; SoUhall library Theatre, 


Concert by the Chamber Or- 
chestra of Europe; Lucas 
University. 130. 

Canterbury Festival: Recital 
by the Pasquier Trio; Gul- 
benJdan Theatre, Canter bu ry, 

Talks, lectures 

Coronation: From Char- 
lemagne to Napoleon, by Mi- 

chad Green haigh; Attenbor- 
ough Lecture Theatre 1,5.15; A 
Comet’s Tale: the myths and 
realities of comets with special 
reference to HaHey, by Heather 
Coupon Bennett Lecture The- 
atre 1. 8: Leicester University. 

Meet the Author Bob Math- 
ews on his new book; Lake 
District National Park Visitor 
Centre, Broddtole, Winder- 
mere. 3 JO. 

Fashion and advertising pho- 
tography with Chad HaS; Na- 
tional Centre of Photography, 
The Octagon. Milsom Si Bath. 

The logic of mortality, by 
Anthony Flew; Curtis Audi- 
torium. School of Physics, New- 
castle University. 5-30. . 


Chelteban Festival of Lit- 
erature: Poetry Today; Paul 
Muldoon reads from his own 
poems. 12.30: Hermione Lee: 
women short story writers, 2.30; 
The Cheltenham Lecture: Rich- 
ard Ingrams. 8.15: Everyman 
Theatre. Cheltenham. 

New books — paperback 

The Literary Edtar’s selection of interesting bocks pufafished this week: 

Al Writers Ashore, by C.K. Stead (Picador, £2. 95) 

Cranes at Doric, by Hisako Matsubera, translated by Lota Vennewitz 
(Future. £32>0) 

Fort u ne’s Deui 



Cfemo, A Low Story, 
The Archaeology of 


Afice Hodmen (Pavamtt, £235) 

by Simon Hoggart (Black 

Heath (Fontana. £3,95) 
ames Stephens . 

Jack Clemo (Lion, £3£5) 

one’s Daughter, by Afice Hoffman (Pavanne. £2 
Living karate, by Jane Rogers (Fontana. £3.95) 
y Addto at Home, by Mary Dunn. Introduction by 
a £230) 
ria,by Roy Ha 
Crock of Gold, 

by James Stephens (Picador, £235) 

The Shadowed Bad. by ’ ~ 


(Uon, £355) 

by Helen Clarice (Bfackwafl. 



Births: Albrecht wn Haller, 
biologist, Bern, Switzerland, 
1708; Robert Stephenses, buil- 
der of the Menai Straits bridge, 
Wifiington Quay, Northumber- 
land, 1803: Arnold BocJdm, 
painter. Basel 1 827; Oscar 
WOde, Dublin, 1854; Sir Anstea 
Chamberlain, statesman, Bir- 
mingham. 1863. David Ben 
Guram, 1st prime minister of 
Israel Plonsk, Poland. 1886; 
E^gne O'Neill New Yoric, 

Deaths: Hagb Latimer; Nich- 
olas Ridley; Protestant martyrs 
were burnt at the state, Oxford, 
1555; John Hunter, surgeon, 
London, 1793;— Marie An- 
toinette, queen of France, exe- 
cuted. Paris, 1793: George 
Marshall General of the Army 
and statesman, Washington, 

The Houses of Parliament 
were burned down, 18-34. 

The ponad 





Saigon Fr 

Danmark Hr 

Banco Fr 
Greece hr 
Ireland PI 

Japan Yen 


Norway Kr 
Portugal Esc 
Sou* Africa Rd 
Spain Pto 

Sw a d a n Kr 
Switzerland Fr 

Y u go sla v ia Dur 









































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London: The FT Index rased up 14.1 a 

Calendar project 

Inmates at Long Lanin maxi- 
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information for inclusion in The 
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sen! lo: The Editor. TTISTtwTlSW 

E? 9XN 7 ' 1 Xtt9>nia 9PKI ' 

•mi uniHvq ci i vinpnia strnw 

^SSSSSd tLi.. 9 ^ M 

werrt as a newspaper at gg 

Letter from Budapest 

Taboo of 1956 
is kept buried 

The rrees and unkempt 
bushes arc just tunning , gwo 
around section 301 of i**c 
sprawling Pest Lonnc ccme- 
va\\ the anonymous traitors 
corner where Hunfftr>' s »*• 
cent past is inicnwL 

There, among the age»% 
wreaths and the cracked, 
empty vases, are the graves Qi 
about 300 workers, students 
and even the di^raced Pre- 
mier Imre Nagy who were 
quietly hanged for their p«J 
in the Hungarian uprising 3u 
years ago this month. 

WiU they, the forgotten 
dead, be reburied to mark 
this most sensitive of anni- 
versaries? The relatives - 
who can only guess whether 

they are laying their posies on 

the right spot — certainly 
hope so. hut they are likely to 
be disappointed. 

The uprising (“co unter 
revolution” in the hard-edged 
political idiom) is the last 
great taboo in Hungary. 

Recently there have been 
flashes of candour about the 
events of 1956. but the doors 
are still firmly locked. 

A rash of films by directors 
such as Zoltan Fabri. Marta 
Meszaros, the country’s lead- 
ing woman director, and 
Peter Bacso, the satirist, at- 
tack the subject obliquely, 
allowing the viewers, as in a 
children’s puzzle, to join up 
the dots. 

A series of interviews on 
Radio Budapest, parading 
1956 reminiscences of poli- 
ticians m and out of power, 
make for fascinating list- 

lu one interview Mr 
Karoly Grosz, the Budapest 
Parly chief; seen as a possible 
successor to Mr Janosz 
Kadar. tbe Hungarian leader, 
admits that he almost left the 
Communist Party at the time 
of the uprising and supported 
all the demands of tire insur- 

i$ being tidied up somewhat 
The counter revolution - 
most politicians prefer tire 
phrase Those tragic days” ■- 
is being recast as a tagefy 
justified workers protest tint 
got out of hand. 

If the Hungarians are to 
break their silence about 
1956 — ‘ the history book for 
sixth formers devotes only 
two pages to the uprising - 
then this seems tire safest 

Two pages for a time when 

5.000 to 6.000 people were 
killed. 1 3.000 were wounded. 

200.000 fled the country and 
tens of thousands of building 
were destroyed. 

Those arc tire official fig- 
ures for the period between 
October 23. when the upris- 
ing began, and mid-Nfavem- 
ber when the Soviet tanks 
had completed their world " 
Unofficially it is reckoned 
that about 40.000 wercjsfled, 
arrested or tortured. 

Other Soviet bloc countries 
have managed to cope in 
their fashion with jiotitica! 

upheavals. But the Hungar- 
ian uprising is too much 
bound up with the personal- 
ity of Mr Kadar for there to 
be a complete frankness. 

The bodies fn section 301 
were executed under the 
leadership of Mr Kadaz. 

Then he was regarded by 
many Hungarians as tire man 

who betrayed the uprising. 
Now. 30 ye 

gents apart from two — that 

iviet troops should leave 
Hungary and- that Hungary 
should leave tbe Warsaw 

A former senior party man. 
Mr Marion Horvath, once 
close to Mr Kadar. remem- 
bers laving his office for an 
emergency Central Commit- 
tee meeting on October 23. 
“Outside my Chevrolet had 
been upturned, tbe wheels in 
the air. . .” 

The crowd outside tire 
Party building shouted abuse 
at him but be managed to get 
through anyway. 

A television documentary 
on the uprising will be shown 
in Hungary next week and 
already it is dear that history 

years later, he is* 
popular leader who hasJ 
guided Hungary lo an un- 
precedented degree of pros- 
perity. The gap between 
Kadar- past and Kadar- 
t has to be camou- 
The ghosts have to be 

That means instead of a 
political debate about the 
rights and wrongs of 1956. 
Hungarians are treated to 
human stories about the 
cruelly of politics such as Pai 
Sandor’s award winning Dan- 
iel Catches A Train. 

A deserter who has left the 
army to join the insurgents 
and a friend try to flee across 
the Austrian bonier but the 
deserter rolls off a train to his 
death and bis firend who was 
trying to join his fiance has to 
return to a broken life. 

Another director. Peter 
Bacso, tries to digest 1956 
laughing at Stalinism 
gives one of his more con- 
crete-headed characters the 
line “we are 
as a dass. not as individ 
In. section 301. nobody is 

Roger Boyes 

A ridge of high pressure 
will cover modi of die 
British Isles with a trough 
of low pressure affecting 
the extreme N of Scotland 

London, East AngSa, central S, 
SW England, MUtands, S Wales: 

Dry, sunny or dear periods, over- 
rag« fog patches and frost; wind 
NEfight; max twro 15C (5QF). 

SE England, Channel Mb 

Wales, Lake District Me of Man, 
Nort h ern Ireland: Dry, surety or 
dear periods, overnight fog patehes 
and frost; wind NE, fight; max temp 
16C (61 F). 

Borders, Edinburgh. Dundee, 
Ab e rd een , Moray Firm: Mainly dry, 
sunny or dear perio ds; w ind SW, 
fight: max tamp 14C (57F). 

SW Scotland, Glasgow, Central 
WgUnds, Argyth isolated show- 
ers, sunny or dear intervals; wind 

to m orrow and Sal* 
onlay: Changeable fn the N, mainly 
dry n the S. Temperatures near 

Arotmd Britain 



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tin in 

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16 61 r2n 

16 61 tog 

17 63 fro 
15 59 dufi 


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Garble 42 16 

12 .01 13 
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5.1 .09 13 
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59 nta,. 
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61 warn. 

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59 rw. 

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S 25 77 Cptagn 
f 25 77 Com' 
f 28 62 Drtrtn 

C . S IS 52 ™^ *. SI ZSjSSV s 21 

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C 19 66 

I 20 68 Wa n tm 
r 14 57 Jeddolt 
r 20 68 Jotowg* 
s 16 61 Kenmr 
s 27 81 LPetam 
s 29 84 Lisbon 
s 19 66 Locamo 
I 23 73 L Angela* 

c 7 45 Luxamhg 

Cti’chureh s 16 61 MeAW 


t 17 63 Malta 
s 13 56 Mate >ne 

C F Atode J* 
a 25 77 


I 18 64 SFdaeo*. 

f 20 68 FIM 
S 36 97 Fl oren ce 
r 25 77 F r e rtdia t 
f 23 73 Funchal 
s 16 61 CBbnitar 
5 18 64 HeWnfcJ 




6 27 61 Hong K 
! kmataek 

B Aires* 

I a 72 Wart’ 
s 2 72 HHan 
s 17 63 Montreal* 
I 21 TO Moscow 
S 19 66 Htanrt) 

C 21 70 MetroM 

: jsrea 

is# asr 

S 33 91 Oslo 
S 29 84 Paris 
a 31 88 Peking 
1 24 7S Perth 
S 21 70 
S 17 63 

S 26 79 

I 17 63 Rio dft J 
C 15 59 


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7 31 88 SI 

a 19 66 Snort ff 
T 17 63 Startgor f 
* 13 56 STUiote 1 
S 13 55 Strasb'ig »- 
c 25 77 Sydney . c 
a 25 77 Teogtar - - 6 
S 31 88 IrtWriV S 
o 20 66 Tenarifo e 
e 22 77 Tokyo 8 
e 11 S2 Tome** r 
r 19 BS 'nrtk. t. 
o 14 57 Valencia tj 
c 19 » VancW ,» 
a t4 57 Venice. 5 
h 3 37 Vtanoe s 
4 2T 70 WWsne « 
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Executive Editor 
Kenneth F leet 


PT 30 Share 
12764 (+14.1) 

FT-SE 100 

1607.5 (+15,0) 

2^7* ,IS 



US Dollar 
1.4395 (+0.0030) 

W German mark 
2.8401 (+0.0052) 

67.6 (same) 

Bunzl group 
spends £4.5m 

Bunzl the paper and trans- 
port group, has acquired two 
companies. Slag Plastics from 
McCorquodale Group for 
£2.75 million, and Tredmar 
Chemicals in Melbourne, 
Australia. for£1.7S million. 

Profits jump 

Albert Fisher Group, the 
fruit and vegetable producer, 
showed a 122 per cent rise in 
pretax profits from £3.8 mil- 
fion to £8.4 million in the year j 
. ended August 31. on turnover 
up37 percent to £1 16 million. 
A final dividend of 0.9375p 
was paid after a on e-for- three 
scrip issue, making a yearly 
total of I.9375p. effectively 50 
per cent up on last year. 

Tempos, page 27 

Aitken rises 

Aitken Hume International 
the financial services group, 
announced pretax proms up 
from £743,000 to £2.7 million 
for the six months to the end 
of September. Turnover was 
17 per cent higher at £15.6 
milnon. No interim dividend 
will be paid. 

Tempos, page 27 

Merger pact 

The boards of Eglinton Oil 
and Gas and Osceola Hydro- 
carbons have agreed merger 
terms which they will recom- 
mend to shareholders.: 
Eglinton will offer 22 shares 
plus warrants to subscribe for 
a further five shares at 18p 
each for every 30 shares in 

Broker service 

The National & Provincial 
Building Society will provide 
a stockbroking service from 
next year. The society, 
Britain's seventh largest with 
331 branches, will market foe 
new service with Allied 
Provincial Services, foe re- 
gional stockbroking group. 

Brooke buys 

Brooke Tool Engineering 
has agreed to buy Moore 
Manufacturing Co. for £1.82 
million and Edgar Allen Tools 
for £685,148. The total will be 
met through the issue of 
8.003,960 new shares. 

Payout raised 

Abbey life Group is paying 
an interim dividend of 2.5p 
(2.2p) for foe six months to 
June 30. The company says 

trading in the third quarter has 
remained at a high level 
compared with last year. 

Shoe losses 

The shoe retailers Allebone 
& Sons reported first-half 
pretax losses of £300,000 and 
said full-year prospects de- 
pend on pre-Christmas trade 
and foe liming of property 





Breakthrough for 
Britain in historic 
China trade deal 


j; A: -~. ■■■ V 

From Alan Hamilton, Shanghai 
British exporters and Chi- venture between foe Chiiy>y 


. ' -taft 

nese trade officials yesterday 
signed what was faiM by 
both sides as the most signin- 
cantseries of trade agreements 
ever concluded between the 
two countries. The deals open 
Up opportunities which could 
bring British companies ex- 
ports worth several hundred 
million pounds. 

The deals have been stage- 
managed to coinride with the 
Queen's state visit to rfr ina . 

and Morgan Crucible to pro- 
duce refractory materials us- 
ing advanced technology. 

Cable and Wireless signed 
two agreements, foe first 
confirming foe joint projects 

making up foe initial phase of mem in China. 

APV, foe food processing 
equipment manufacturer, 
s ign e d a joint venture agree- 
ment for foe manufacture of 
plate heat exchangers and 
other APV products, foe 
company's first direct invest- 


the Yangtse Deha develop- 
ment, covering foe provision 
of some 1000 km of digital 
trunk telephone networks 
which wfl] link 27 cities and 
towns. The total project cost is 

and marks the conclusion of estimated at between $15 
two days of intensive trade million (£10.5 million) an** 

discussions between foe two 
sides, of which foe high point 
was a cruise for Chinese trade 
officials around foe Yangtse 
river estuary on board the 
Royal Yacht Britannia, hosted 
by a group of 25 British 

Fourteen separate duals 
with the Chinese were signed 
at a formal ceremony and they 
ranged from a contract for 
United Biscuits to look into 
developing a production line 
for baby foods, to *a joint 

$20 miB ion (£1 3.9 million). 

The second agreement 
paves the way for further co- 
operation by agreeing to cany 
out Joint feasibility studies on 
possible telecommunications 
infrastructure projects. 

Ptessey Network & Office 
Systems announced agree- 

Sir Eric Sharp, president of 
the Sino-British Trade Coun- 
cil and chairman of Cable and 
Wireless, said at yesterday's i 
signing that he hoped the trade 
seminars would become an j 
annual event up to Hong 
Kong’s handover to China in 
1997. It became clear «kn that 
foe £300 million of soft loans 
recently agreed for Chinese 
purchases from Britain was 
unlikely to be extended and 
might be rearranged to bring 
greater benefit to smaller 

Chinese officials told their 

North I sl a nd , foe last ship to be la unched by Smiths Dock at Middles broagh, Cleveland, slips into the Tees yesterday. 

ment with foe Ministry of British hosts that they in- 
Posts and Tetecommunjca- tended to put into action a 10 

tions for the establishment of 
aprodnet supply and technical 
support centre in China for its 
range of digital exchanges. 

to 15-year plan for the 
development of foe Shanghai 
region, China's most populous 

Shop sales bounce to best 
volume rise for two years 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

Retail sale increases in non since July 1984. Sfighfiy J 
September were the best in fester growth was anticipated s 

volume terms for two years. 
And foe high level is expected 
to continue' during October, 
according to the Confedera- 
tion of British Industry's 
distributive trades survey 

Mr John Salisse, foe panel 
chairman, said yesterday: 
“Clothing shops are foe most 
buoyant, with 86 per cent of 
the companies surveyed 
expecting sales in October to 
behigher than a year ago.” 

. Food stores are also doing 
well with 80 percent forecast- 
ing higher October sales. 

Bufidets' merchants re- 
ported sales increases above 
foe average. But growth was 
slower in foe motor trade and 
farm machinery dealers expect 
lower sales than a year ago. 

The September rise in sales 
volume was fester than ex- 
pected. Higher sales were re- 
ported by 66 per cent of those 
surveyed, foe highest proper- 

Car sales spur 
US retail total 
to record high 

From BaBey Morris 

Retail sales in foe United 
States increased a record 4.6 
per cent last month, foe largest 
one-month gam in 20 years. 

Commerce Department of- 
ficials said yesterday foe gains 
were attributed almost exclu- 
sively to the wave of car 
buying spurred by low interest 

in October. 

Strong sales growth in 
September has been reported 
by foe 21 department stores of 
foe John Lewis Partnership. 
Weekly increases over last 
year have ranged from 12 per 
cent in value to more than 18 

In the week ending October 
4, sales at foe stores were up 
11.7 per cent Volume sales 
probably increased at least 9 
per cent allowing for sector 

• There are signs that eco- 
nomic growth has strength- 
ened ■ since the summer, 
according to the official cy- 
clical indicators for the econ- 
omy (writes David Smith, 
Economics Correspondent). 

The coincident index, 
which parallels foe economy’s 
present performance, rose in 
July and August. The index 
increased to 93.8 in August 
from 92.7 in July and 91-8 in 

June, mainly as a result of 
strong retail sales. 

But industrial production 
remains flaL 

Officials said there were 
indications that foe weakness 
of overall economic growth 
since the middle of last year 
may have been only tern- 1 
porary. But evidence of an 
upturn was tentative so fer. 

The longer-leading index, 
which is dominated by share 
prices and interest rates, fell 
last month. The index, for 
which more recent data is 
available than for foe co- 
incident index, dropped to 
1023 last month from 103.1 
in August 

But officials said foe recent 
fell in the index did not 
necessarily presage a down- 
turn in foe economy, particu- 
larly as foe shorter-leading 
index, tracking movements 
six months ahead, rose 
strongly in July and August 
because of foe increase in 
consumer credit 

Interest rates firm as 
dealers await Lawson 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

Interest rates on foe London dollar hit by the US retail sales 
money markets firmed again figures, 
yesterday, ahead of foe Chan- The ChanceDor, in his 

ceflor of the Exchequer’s speech tonight will emphasize 
speech at the Mansion House that this week's increase in 
tonight base rates, in response to i 

Dealers fear that base rates sterling's weakness and a J 

will have to rise again unless 
Mr Lawson is convincing on 
monetary policy. This after- 
noon's figures for foe public 

first half 
profits up 

By Alison Eadie 

Rockware, the glass and 
plastics container group, made 
taxable profits of £193,000 in 
foe 26 weeks to June 29. 
against £106,000 in the pre- 
vious first half, on turnover 
marginally lower at £55.8 

The profits were helped try a 
£515.000 credit from taking a 
pension fund holiday. The 
holiday from contributions 
will last for two years. 

Glass trading profits were 
almost halved to £626.000 
because of disruption after the 
closure of a furnace and 
provisions of £359,000 against 
doubtful debts and exchange 
losses from Zambia and 

No interim dividend is 
being paid. 

Beazer sells 
29%of BM 

Beazer, the Bath house- 
builder, has made a £9 million 
profit by selling a 29 per cent 
stake in its construction plant 
offshoot BM which is now 
expected to embark on a 
major expansion programme. 

There is speculation that it 
plans to launch a takeover bid 
for Blackwood Hodge, the 
earthmoviag equipment firm. 

Beazer placed more than 7 
million shares with City in- 
stitutions but says it intends to 
hold on to hs remaining 25.8 
per cent shareholding for at 
least 12 months. The shares' 
were placed at a discount to 
the market price of2 1 8p,down 

Helene hit by 
Barron losses 

The feshionwear group He- 
lene of London reported a set 
back in halftime profits due 
largely to losses at foe dress 
manufacturer Peter Barron 
which it acquired only last 
year. Profits fell from 
£624,000 last time to £480,000 
in foe six months to June 30. 

The board said that the 
consideration paid for Peter 

City sceptical 
of Christie bid 

By John Bell City Editor 

After a day of heavy 
speculation in foe shares of 
Christie's, the City was taking a 
sceptical view last night of 
prospects of a takeover bid for 
the fine an auctioneers from 
their much smaller rival 

Christie's shares leapt 51 p 
to 31 1 p in early trading after a 
statement from Mr Chris- 
topher Weston, foe Phillips 
chairman, that there was logic 
in bringing the two firms 
together. The two companies 
would complement each other 
well he said. 

The Christie's board, clearly 
hostile to foe idea, made a 
brief statement that they had 
received no approach and that 
they had not beat notified of 
any new shareholding above 
foe disdosable level of 5 per 

Apart from the probleem of 
size — Christie's turnover of 
£360 million last year was six 
times greater than that of 
Phillips — any predator would 
have to contend with the 
problem of the auctioneer’s 
voting structure: 

Roughly a third of the 
group's shares are held in trust 
and voted as a block. Any of 
foe A shares are first offered to 
existing holders of other A 
shares who are senior exec- 

Lloyd’s brokers move 
to insure themselves 

By Alison Eadie 

Lloyd's insurance brokers, 
worried by foe escalating costs 
and contracting cover of their 
errors and omissions insur- 
ance policies, are the latest 
group of professionals to con- 
rider setting up a mutual 
scheme to insure themselves. 

Both accountants and solic- 
itors have recently announced 
plans to insure themselves 
because the conventional 
insurance market is unable to 
give foe required cover. 

pn ti Pill Emhart in 

u 7 j £80m shoe 

Stiebld Plant sale 

.City Editor By Derek Harris 

utives and their families. In BUSM. the Leicester-based 
case of a bid. they can be former British United Shoe 
presumed to be solidly behind Machinery and one of foe 
foe management. biggest manufacturers of foot- 

There are two further wear machinery, is being sold 
significant blocks. One of by Emhan Corporation of foe 
about 1 0 per cent of the total United States for $ 1 1 5 million 
capital is held by nominees, (£80 million) in a manage- 
thought to represent the hold- mem buyout, 
ings of Sheikh Nassar A1 Emhart. which has been 
Sabah Al-Ahmcd. a collector following a strategy of moving 
who has built up a museum of out of cyclical manufacturing. 
Muslim art In foe City he is is selling out to a management 
believed to be friendly to team led by Mr John Forster. 
Christie's. Another, less than 5 marketing director, and Mr 
per cent, is in foe hands of Neville Burton, production 
Midland Bank Nominees. director, together with two 
Any hostile bid therefore other directors. Mr Richard 
starts from a difficult position. Bates and Mr Lawrence 
Analysis also believe that, as a Dowley. 
company with a specialist The deal is subject to a 
niche in a quality market, definitive agreement being 
Christie's would command a drawn up and is expected to 
high price in any hostile take effect next year. Bankers 
takeover. Trust is the lead bank 

On analysts' forecasts of £1 4 The buyout includes manu- 

million for Christie's in this facturing plants in foe US. 
financial year, foe shares are West Germany. Taiwan and 
trading on a prospective mul- Brazil with a total workforce 
tiple of 18 times earnings. of 2300. But Leicester is the 
Group profits are due for a biggest plant, accounting for 
modest rise next year, but more than half foe workers, 
thanks to an expected lower Emhan. which also makes 
tax charge, earnings per share machinery for glass-making 
could rise sharply. The City and plastics and rubber 
view is foal a bid of less than processing, is retaining its 
£4 per Christie's share would interests in footwear mat- 
be unlikely to have much dials, 

i ISRO chief 

IKCTS move Mr fan Steere. foe tough 

chairman of foe International 
nDfnGDIVDG Securities Regulatory 
llCillijCl r viJ Organization (ISRO), who 
a Eadie bad been strongly tipped as 

joint chairman of foe Inter- 
The move to self-insure national Stock Exchange to be 
comes from small and men formed by foe merger of the 
dium-sized Lloyd's brokers. Stock Exchange and the ISRO 
some of whom fee! penalized grouping of big international 
by their size and what they traders, is not standing as a 
regard as foe underwriters' candidate, 
failure to differentiate be- The City tip last night was 
tween foe claims experience of that Sir Nicholas Goodison. 
different brokers. the Stock Exchange chairman. 

would head the enlarged stock 
Lloyd's insists aft brokers exchange and thai the most 
must buy errors and likely candidate as chairman 
ommissions cover worth six of foe SRO was Mr Andrew 
times their brokerage income. Large of Swiss Bank 

believed to be tnendiy to 
Christie's. Another, less than 5 
per cent, is in foe hands of 
Midland Bank Nominees. 

Any hostile bid therefore 
starts from a difficult position. 
Analysis also believe that, as a 
company with a specialist 
niche in a quality market 
Christie's would command a 
high price in any hostile 

On analysts' forecasts of £1 4 
million for Christie's in this 
financial year, the shares are 
trading on a prospective mul- 
tiple of 18 times earnings. 

Group profits are due for a 
modest rise next year, but 
thanks to an expected lower 
tax charge, earnings per share 
could rise sharply. The City 
view is foal a bid of less than 
£4 per Christie’s share would 
be unlikely to have much 

The move to self-insure 
comes from small and men 
dium-sized Lloyd's brokers, 
some of whom fee! penalized 
by their size and what they 
regard as foe underwriters’ i 
failure to differentiate be- 
tween foe claims experience of 
different brokers. 

Lloyd's insists aft brokers 
must buy errors and 
ommissions cover worth six 
times their brokerage income. 

slight upturn in foe growth ine ooara sou mai me 
rate of narrow money, M0, consideration paid fin - Peter 
was in line with the model of Barron is returnable pound for 
monetary policy outlined in a pound if profits over the next 
speech to the Lombard five years are below £300,000 

speech to foe L 
Association last ApriL 

after tax in abrogate. Steps are 

1986 models. 

Total sales in September 
were $1272 billion (£88.5 
billion), up by $5.6 billion 
from August It was the biggest 
gain since May 1975 when 
sales increased by 4 per cent 

Overall foe sales pattern 
was not healthy, showing tuesaay. 
gains of only 0. 1 percent when- But mi 

car sales were excluded, rates ed 
This was fer weaker than the *- J - J " 

upset sentiment defuse market criticism of foe 

The Bank of England srreaadfonmgoffoeratenst 
ofWLs in the money markets S ( f n 552L t ° 
yesterday, at rates 1 point 2*“* £ 

above previous levels, exactly ££2?* FiSSf' 00 *** 
reflecting foe rise in base rales lo 

“ 11 ** — 011 to 

. _ . _ ... recent comments on foe Euro- 
But money market interest pam MoneUry System. He 
rates edged- np as d«Iere ^ ft dear that be now 
hedged .their bets agamsta „ no significant objections 
farther mcrease m taserates. tQ ^ garish membership 
The three-month interbank #The London Chamber of 
rate rose a quarter ofa point to commerce yesterday urged 

He wift also attempt to I being, feken to correct foe 

situation at Barron.The in- 
terim dividend is unchanged 
at 0.5p- 



Lile company, has won hs 

eed £42 million bid for 


11 7 is- ll s i6 per cent. 

foe Chance] 

■Uor to h 

lower in- 

I D & S Riviin, foe former 
textile company, has won hs 
agreed £42 million bid for 
Marlborough Property Hold- 
ings, transforming itself into a 
fally-fledged property com- 

Rivlin’s offer was declared 
unconditional yesterday when 
acceptances had been received 
for 86.46 per cent of 
Marlborough’s shares. The 
combined company will have 
net assets of £23.96 million, j 
Commercial Property, page 27 1 



Enqfch China 31$> l+15p> 

PitiSnoton Bros. 488p(+25p) 

Delta Group 188p j+12p| 

Vaux Group .... 405p (+10p) 

Soutfiendwadum — 19JP + 9p) 

Hunwpnnt ;270p (+9p) 


Monotype top 13g 

lay Homes — 183p l+18p) 

Bntteh & Comm. - §95P y*32p) 

HS Samuel 353pj+1gpj 

Aooiedore 220p (+15p) 

SSS^aNewTVm -Igp +1lp| 

Wamford Inv. B25p(+50p) 

Christies InW. 295p(+35p) 

The pound was steady, with terest rates as soon as possible 
the sterling index unchanged and to seek stability for 
at 67.6. But it gained a third of sterling. . _ 

a cent to $1.4395 against a Economic view, page 27 

$ 560 bn plan beats deadline 

From Bailey Morris, Washington 

An important c om promise peered before the deadline. 

was reached yesterday on a 
record $560 bflfion spending 
plan for fiscal 1987 by United 

At foe same time, Congres- 
sional supporters of foe 
American balanced budget law 

States House and Senate prepared fer tribal battle to 
negotiators that virtually as- restore foe automatic spending 
sirred passage of the BiD art provisions before foe start 
before the midnigfat deadline of an election recess, later this 
when foe Government's spend- week. 

mg authority expired. Sponsors of foe Gramm- 


Freemans 1JP — 
Aflsbone & Sorts 


The breakthrough came Rndman-Holfiogs law have 
when foe negotiators agreed, warned weary Congressmen 
ou defence spending outlays of they may try to delay the 
S29L8 billion (£204 bflfion) recess to force actum on foe 
which foe White Hoase de- rising deficit, estimated this 
scribed as acceptable and a year at $230 bfifion (£159.7 

compromise figure of $133 
billion for foreign aid prog- 

million), by giving the 
President’s budget director 
automatic power to impose 

Earlier, President Reagan steep spending cuts. 


B rant (pec.) pm S1 A5*fS 1 4 -l5) 

threatened to veto the omniims 
spending bill if foe defence 
numbers, which included 
53.53 billion for the Strategic 
Defence Initiative, were a- 

After the compromise, 
‘House officials said they 

Congressioaal staff said 
yesterday that the law and the 
domestic spending disciplines 
it espouses will die quietly 
next year if the measure is not 
taken up in this session. 

A majority is foe Hoase and 
a targe percentage of the 

would take tiie measure Co foe Senate appear to favour its 

ftwc ghWPJWS WP" -I W«-Wn . ... 

The attempt to restore this 
provision, earlier declared un- 
constitutional by the Supreme 
Court, would be attached tins 
week to the debt ceiling leg- 
islation which Congress must 
p ass before it adjonms, to 
keep the Government in 

Bm leaders of both House 
and Senate hare vowed to fight 
foe campaign, lead by Senator 
PhD Gramm of Texas, because 
in their view it would lead to 
another protracted battle 

Concern about foe deficit 
has risen sharply in recent 
weeks as foe American econ- 
omy has slowed, government 
payments to foe depressed 
farm belt have risen, and some 
bonks fece increasing diff- 

However, foe official fore- 
casts — required ruder the 
balanced budget law — con- 
tinue to show a deficit ranging 
between S154 bQlion to SI 63 

s - r--— • 

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at Legal 
& General 

Legal & General: Mr John 
EJbonrne becomes managing 
director, life and pensions. Mr 
Brian Palmer becomes man- 
aging director, general insur- 
ance. Mr Ted Tilly becomes 
managing director. . (inter- 
national), Mr John Craddock 
director (agency). Mr Chris 
Hairs director (finance) and 
actuary. Mr Colin Harris 
becomes director (life), Mr 

Opposition leaders call for British membership of EMS 

Base rates rise comes under fire 

By Nicholas Wood 
Political Reporter 

Chris Hatry director (peo- 
ns direc- 

tions), Mr Mike Jarvis 

tor (information systems) and 
Mr Michael Kidner director 
(financial consultancy). 

Chartered Institute of Pub- 
lic Finance and Accountancy: 
Mr Arnold Morton is elected 


Hambros Bank: Mr David 
Tapper is appointed an exec- 
utive director of the Treasury 
and Capital Markets Division. 

ESS-Food (UK) Group: Mr 
Brat H Knudsea is elected 

John Crowtfaer Group: Mr 
Richard Tew joins the exec- 
utive board. 

■Provident Mutual Life 
Assurance Assocatiom Mr J D 
Neville is appointed a 

Midland Bank: Mr Ian Hay 
Davison becomes a non-exec- 
utive director. 

QuayJe Munra Mr Robert 
W L Leggett is made a 

I -fling & Cndcfcshank In- 
vestment Management Ser- 
vices: Mr EN Langley, Mr 
KOC Merrick and Mr RJ 
Bo lam become directors, 
investment management div- 

The Government’s eco- 
nomic policies came under 
sharp attack from opposition 
leaders yesterday after the 
decision to raise bank base 
rates by one percentage point 
to halt the slide in sterling. 

Both Labour and SDP lead- 
ers claimed that the country 
was in thegripofa short-lived, 
pre-election consumer boom 
founded on easy credit. They 
said that Mr Nigel Lawson, 
the Chancellor, should con- 
sider taking Britain into the 
European Monetary System in 
order to steady the markets. 

Dr David Owen, the SDP 
leader, said membership of 
the ’snake’ - the arrangement 
under which Continental 
states peg their currencies 
within a doscly defined range 
— would leave foreign ex- 
change dealers in no doubt 
that Britain was determined to 
pursue a monetary policy to 
support the pound, keep infla- 
tion down, and restrict con- 
sumer credit. 

Mr Roy Hattersley, the 
Shadow Chancellor, accused 
the Government of creating a 
“sterling crisis" but was more 
guarded in his attitude to- 
wards the EMS. Britain ought 
to join, he said, but only when 

the time was ripe and only 
under certain conditions. En- 
try from a position of eco- 
nomic failure would be 
“disastrous,” Mr Hattersley 

. Insisting that a Labour gov- 
ernment would seek to nego- 
tiate entry only Grom a 
position of strength, the 
Shadow Chancellor gave three 
pre-conditions - of 

• Entry at a sustainable 
. exchange rate that both en- 
couraged British exports and 
look account of the deteriora- 
tion in the balance of pay- 
ments resulting from the 
slump in oil revenues. 

• A commitment by EMS 
members to adopt policies 
aimed at reducing unemploy- 
ment and promoting 

• Monetary cooperation 
making less use of pooled 
reserves and less use of 
competitive increases in in- 
terest rates. 

Mr Hattersley fold the Gen- 
eral Federation of Trade 
Unions conference in Man- 
chester that a more stable 
pattern of exchange rates 
would undoubtedly help Brit- 
ish industry, though the 
proponents of EMS member- 
ship had "grotesquely 
exaggerated” its benefits. Far 

more important was a strong 
economic base generating a 
strong trading performance. 

Dr Owen, speaking in 
King’s Lynn, said that over- 
seas investors had lost faith m 
the Chancellor and had rum- 
bled the Conservative strategy 
of “spend now. vote for us. 

growth of 1.4 per cent 
in the last 12 months while 
consumer demand rose by 5 
per cent was a recipe for 
continuing sterling crises and 
uncertainty . in the markets 
about the direction of the 
British economy. 

EMS membership was not a 
“soft option" he added. 

China tie-up for Ulster 
high-tech power firm 

From Robert RodweD, Belfast 
Higb-tedmology automated software and are supporting 

power grid monitoring and 
control equipment, developed 
by Circuits and Systems De- 
sign, the Ulster company, is to 
be produced under licence in 

The software for such 
equipment, developed in 
China, is being used by 
Britain's Central Electricity 
Generating Board. 

The formal announcement 
of a tie-up between CSD of 
Lisburn, County Down, and 
China's Nan Jing Power 
Automation Company, is ex- 
pected during the tour of a 
five-company Ulster indus- 
trial mission to China, which 
left Belfast yesterday. ■ 

“We already have a joint 
venture with Nan Jing under- 
way. They are strong on 

our efforts in the British 
market, while we have hard- 
ware they are anxious to make 
for their huge home market,” 
said Mr John Cunningham, 
CSD founder and chairman., 
before the mission left 

The companies on the mis- 
sion have been chosen by the 
Northern Ireland Industrial 
Development Board for their 
high-technology . .products in 
which China has a licence- 
building interest after its re- 
cent decision to recognize the 
rights of foreign licensees. 

The mission, openly de- 
signed to ride on the Queen's 
coat-tails with visits to Beijing 
and Shanghai, also includes 
James Maclde and Sons, the 
Belfast textile machinery 

Guthrie back 

Guthrie Corporation, the 
industrial holdings company 
which returned to the market 
in June after a five-year 
absence, yesterday announced 
pretax profits of £&2 million 
(£5.8 million in 1985) for the 
six months to June 30. 

The company is not paying 
an interim dividend 

Monotype up 

Monotype Corporation, the 
USM-quoted printing equip- 
ment manufacturer, lifted 
profits 43 per cent from 
£288,000 to £413,000 in the 
six months to end-June. 

Turnover was up from 
£12,802,000 to £13,275.000, 
and earnings per share jumped 
from 1.4p to 2p. An interim 
dividend of 1.6p is bang paid, 
against lp last time. Re- 
development work on Mono- 

type’s plant at Salford, Ox- 

ordshire, is expected to begin 
next year. 

Call for caution on new 
shipbuilding orders 

By Rodney Cowton, Transport Correspondent 

A warning was given to the 
shipping industry yesterday 
not to allow an improvement 
in the market for oil tankers to 
provoke a rush of shipbuilding 

„ Mr Michael Reveff senior 
vice-president of Marine Mid- 
land Bank, said the industry 
was almost at the end of what 
had been not only the worst 
shipping depression in his- 
tory, but also one of the worst 
to affect any international 

He estimated that during 
die last three years financial 
institutions had accepted 
losses of at least $2 billion 

g ll.4 billion) on shipping 

Ten years ago a total of 70 
million tonnes of shipping was 
on order compared with 
about 24 million tonnes now. 

But a worrying threat to 
future market stability must 
be shipbuilding- orders. It 
could not give the industry 
any pleasure to see the recent 
surge in tanker rates stimulat- 
ing orders, thereby putting the 
worldwide order book for 
large tankers at its highest 
level in seven years, he said. 

Bond names shell 
for springboard 
into Hong Kong 

From Stephen Leather, Hoag Kong 

Mr Aten Bond, the Austra- 
lian entrepreneur, has re- 
vealed the vehicle he will use 
to spearhead his expansion 
into Hong Kong and China. 

Mr Bond, who recently 
announced be was pa> ,,n S 
HKS1.4 billion (£120 million) 
for Hong Kong Land s 
residential property portfolio 
is buying a shell company with 
a listing on the Hong Kong 
Stock Exchange. 

The shell is Town and City 
International, which has prop- 
erty in Singapore. The shares 
dosed at their year’s high of 
HKS0.92 before being sus- 
pended yesterday. 

Mr Bond will offer 
HKSI.I3 a share, after all the 
property interests have been 
stripped out, and shareholders 
representing 98.1 per cent of 
the share capital have already 
agreed to the deaL 

Mr Bond's merchant 
banker, Morgan Grenfell 
(Hong Kong), said about one 
quarter of Town and City’s 
shares would eventually be 
traded on the market — cer- 
tainly within six monthsAnd 


NI director resigns 

News International's direc- 
tor of development, Mr Brian 
Horton, has resigned and is 
leaving the company at the 
end of this month. Mr Horton, 
a previous foreign editor and 
manag ing editor of The 
Times, has been a director 
since 1983, responsible for 
cable and satellite. 

Mr Richard Searby QC, 

We’d like to get 

on first name terms. 

P LEASE DON’T THINK we’re advocating 
any unseemly informality. Far from it 
We merely wish to become the first name that 
springs to mind when you’re considering any- 
thing to do with offices, shops, or industrial and 
high-technology buildings. 

Anything, did we say? Yes, more or less. 

We’re aware that’s rather a large claim. 
However, we are rather a large practice. 
(We’ve eighty-five partners and associates, 
and over five hundred staff in the UK alone.) 

And we didn’t get big by turning down 
small jobs. In the past year, for example, 
we’ve handled instructions on units ranging 
in size from 400 square feet up. Admittedly, 
the largest is 3 million square feet, and it’s true 
that much of our work is extremely large. 

As a matter of fact we think our size adds 
perspective to our experience and skills. 

Big can be beautiful too, you know. 

We’d like to put our skills at your service. And 
to begin with, left run through what we do. 

Our investment people handle buying and 
selling, and the funding of property development 
Our agency teams cover developing, letting 
and acquiring, as well as rent reviews and lease 

Our valuations group can tell you what your 
property’s worth. 

And in these days of ‘intelligent buildings’ 
you need highly intelligent advice on manage- 
ment, maintenance, and the improvement of 

What’s more our databank is one of the 

largest sources of commercial property informa- 
tion; which is one reason we act as consultants 
to so many clients. 

And we’re just as at home abroad. In other 
Jones Lang Wootton firms overseas there are a 
further 125 partners and 1,200 staff in 35 offices, 
in 14 countries, on 4 continents. 

Whether you’re at home or abroad, large or 
small, we’re at your service. 

If you’d like to know anything else, please 
call us on 01-493 6040. 

To begin with, just ask for Jones Lang Wootton. 

Jones Lang 

The first name to call in commercial property. 

Chartered Surveyors. International Real Estate Consultants. 22 Hanover Square, London W1A 2BN. Telephone- 01-493 6040 
Kent House, Telegraph Street, Moorgate, London EC2R 7JL. Telephone: 01-638 6040. 

chairman of News Corpora- 
tion, said: “Mr Horton has 
fulfilled a vital role for the 
group in the development of 
satellite television. We wish 
him welL" 

Mr Horton is also resigning 
as a director of Satellite Tele- 
vision and from other group 

Alan Bead: Com 

very active. 

Mr Bond said: “U will be . a 
very active company.” — 

He will use his big property 

purchase as ihc core of htenew 

company, based in Hong 
Kong, and will then iqjept 
most of his offchorc interests. 

Mr Bond's announcement 
is a big boost for the Grown 
Colony; especially in the.wafce 
of Jardine Mathcson's move 
to become domiciled in Ber- 

Mr Bond had no qualms 
about being based in Hoag 
Kong after visiting China last 
year at the same time as Mr 
Bob Hawke, the Australian 
Prime Minister. He came bade 
convinced that the Pacific 
Basin will be a big growth area 

In March test year he set up 
a liaison office m Hong Kong 
to seek out takeover opp- 
ortunities. A number were 
rejected before the Hong Kong 
Land deal because be was 
determined his first move into 
Hong Kong would cause a big 


• HC SUNCSBY: Figures in 
£000. Turnover for six months 

to June 30 was 3.225 (2,862). 

12 (149). Tax 

c profit 

was 49 (47) and earnings per 
&are were SJp (I0.2p). The 
interim was Up (same). 

• IRISH GLASS: Figures in 
ItfiOOO for year to June 24. The 
final dividend was 1.5p making 
2.25p (i.5p) for the year. Tom- 
over was 32.670 (32.635). Pretax 
profit was 1.07! (771). Aftertax 
profit was 241 (112). Earnings 
per share were iI.I6p(7.14p). 

ures in £000 for half year to 
September 30. The interim of 
1.48p (UOp) is payable on 
December 3. Pretax profit was 
9.187 (7.773k Tax was 2.773 
(2,536). Earnings per share were 
2 r 23p(!.82p). 


MINING: The company has 
entered into a provisional agree- 
ment with Gold Helds of South 
Africa and Gold Helds Property 
to acquire the title to the May 
reef, Transvaal, underlying the 
mineralized area, in consid- 
eration for 800.000 new fully 
paid shares in Vlakfomein, of 
which 694,424 will accrue to 
Gold Helds and 105.576 to GF 

• MEDMUVSTER: Final divi- 
dend 4.1 p, making 6J25p (5-35p) 
for the year to June 30, payable 
January 7. Turnover 
£1 1.713,835 (£12,917.074). Pre- 
tax profit £573.318 (£465.495). 
Tax £219,958 (£162.700). Earn- 
ings per share 17.67p(I5.14p). 

For the six months to June 30 an 
interim dividend of I.5p (t.Sp) 
will be paid on December 19. 
With figures in (£000). turnover 
2. 180 (2.100). trading profit 312 

(45 1 ^investment income 3 (3). 


interest jM^abte 60 (43), 

profit 275 (4H). lax 99 
(123), extraordinary debit 43 
(nil), earnings per share 4.3(p 
(9.30p>. The board says profits 
for the full year will be lower 
than for 1985. 


OOME: An interim dividend 
1.5p (nil) unit be paid on 
January 2 for the six months to 
June 30. With figures in £008. 
turnover 6,500 (4.306), operat- 
ing profit 759 (512). interest 
received 2 (3k interest payable 
78 (55) pretax profit 683 (400). 
tax 254 (2)1 Learnings per shoir 
5.5p (3.6p). ~ 

advertising company has been 
appointed by Friends’ PrnV- 
ident Life Assurance to handles 
new £1.5 million corporate cam- 
poijjn beginning in January 

for the half year to June 30 in 
£000. Turnover 18.998(24.128). 
Pretax profit 37J34 (51.493). 
Tax 12J00 (17,200). Earnings 
per share CL65p (0.89pX .. ‘ 

• HONDA: Six months to Au- 
gust 31. Net profit 46.32 billion 
yen or £205 million (82.49 

billion yen), pretax profit 98.04 
183.78 billion), sales 

GROUP: The company has sold 
its Australian subsidiary, Colyer 
Watson (Vic), for approxi- 
mately its net asset value of 
AS 394,000 (£176.000). In its last 
financial year to December 31. 
. 1985, Colyer, a hide dealer, bad 
: a turnover of £3.7 million and 
.made a trading loss of£14.000. 
HOLDINGS: Figures in £ mil- 
lions. Total turnover for six 
months to June 30 was 188.6 
(1913). Trading profit before 
interest and central costs in 
£000: Europe 1,698 (675); North 
America 2.041 (2,333): Middle 
East 2,855 (3,572); Aaa Pacific 
438 (23). Pretax profit was 5,491 

billion yen (ll 
1.444 billion yen (1, SOT billion). 

• FOGARTY: Six months to 
June 30 (figures in £000). I* 
tenm dividend 1.6p (sarotfr 
Sales 18,265 (17.319), pretax 
profit 1 26 (8 10) and earnings pot 
ordinary share 0.2p (2.7p). 

• GEORGE DEW: .Allied Plant 

Group has purchased or re- 
ceived acceptances in respect of 
an aggregate of 6,097,933 
George Dew ordinary - shares 
(763 per cent). The offer has 
been declared unconditional as 
to acceptances on October Iff 
and remains open until ftirthef 
notice. •• 


MENTS: Dividend 0.5p (nil) 
for the year to June 30. Figures 
in £000. Turnover 3,069 (2301 1 
gross profit 2. 1 70 (1.488). profit 
before tax 80S (405) mid cps* 




PHONE AFCOR: 01-577 5511 

MON TO FR) H 30 AM -8.00 PM 

Mcor imesanents UndKd 
S-WEari Sews. London EC2AJEB 
Uocnxd dealer Vi securities 

Base Rate 

BCC announces 
that from 

14th October, 1986 
its base rate is changed 
from 10% to 11% p.a. 






"I . 




SE debut 


be** toteS* ^ CM® 

oe injected mto j n * c 

^ 2S tormer textil e com- 
ply and property shell. 


- ** ’fjft ^ the final piece hi a 
tompliaJed jigsaw which has 
heeo rapidly assembled by Mr 

-JSSE4T “* *"■** 18 


^inent partner Britd, tfaep4 

- The Hammcrson Group 

have a one million sq 
ft office development pro- 





Why markets want to sec 
a born-again Chancellor 

lliinrplIftrV nrt !• l:. ■ 

TJeChancdtor's task in his 
?****> a* the Mansion House 
tonight 1 ST to convince the 
financial markets that a one 
percentage point rise in m- 
lerest rates is the appropriate 
respoise to present monetary 
conditions and the recent 
Ptossure on sterling. 

Thwe are two possible ap- 
proaches: one is to convince 
his listeners that if there is any 
financial laxity, it is ade- 
quaidy countered by a rise in 
ral f s o f only one percentage 
point (difficult), and the other 
wto demonstrate that a dearer 

By Rodney Lord, Economics Editor 

could retain to the policy 
abandoned a year ago of 
overfunding the borrowing 
requirement and so taking 
direct action to ran down 
bank deposits. 

The trouble with this — 
apart from the embarrassment 
of making a U-turn — is that 
its effect is to raise the cost of 
(he Government's long-term 
borrowings and reduce the 

iiiaM _f » m i 

yield on its short-term lend- 
^S^TSSSSS ing, exactly the reverse of a 
trol is about to be put in dace* a PP roacfa when the 

OblCCflVP K 1 A hnna Ar mm 


The main arguments for 
accounting a large part ofthis 
year’s rise in the broad mea- 

interest accounts which the 
banks have been offering in 
response to building society 
competition since 1984 have 

objective is to bring down 
inflation and interest rates. 

A second possibility would 
be for the Government to 
allow markets to determine 
interest rates and abandon the 
paraphernalia of signals from 
the Bank of England and other 
forms of market management. 

Attractive m theory, the likely 
increase in interest rate 
volatility has always scared 
the Government away in the 

Thirdly. Britain could join 
the exchange rate mechanism 
of the European Monetary 
System. This alternative is 
beginning to seem like a 
panacea. It is nothing of the 
kind. There is every likelihood 
that if Britain were already a 
member, the Government 
would still be raising interest 
rates, though arguably from 
lower levels. Unking Britain 
to West German levels of 
inflation is not an easy option 
— that is why the market likes 
it. And ft. is the fear that 
sterling would regularly have 
to devalue within the system 

that inclines the Prime Min- 
ister to stay out 

On the other hand, sterling 
has had to be devalued any- 
way, and the devaluation of 
the past fortnight has not 
exactly gone unnoticed. It 
might even be less obvious in 
the context of the general 
realignments fevoured by 
EMS countries - that is one 
reason why France wants 
Britain in. 

There is no doubt that the 
view in markets is that the 
additional certainty in rela- 
tion to what is regarded as a 
very unstable currency would 
enable the general level of 
Britain's interest rales to be 
brought down nearer to those 
of our competitors. Rates 
would still fluctuate, but 
around a lower average leveL 
Oir balance it is worth going 
in. And when better to do so 
than at Big Bang? 

COMMENT Kenneth Fleet 

Avoid the new sport 
of Panel-beating 

22*5 2S rds 11131 *?.? motivation of those concerned, would 
,1? wSLL 1151 f° u 2 d ? e k*® tie damaging to the authority of the 

referees Panel, and to self-regulation, which is 

■?* i! 1 1S to J^? for even more testing times posi- 
the City in ordei\ The Takeover Panel Big Bang. Anything less than a full and 
foces a more difficult task than most, clear account of those odd events 

October 27. 

, or clever enough 
. . over the ratebook, 
a lamentable prelude to 

keeping in check aggressive corporate would leave the 
financiers whose reputations, and 
indeed fee-earning capacity, will de- 
pend more than ever before upon 

A great deal is riding on today's full 

ftSJK Mutual comfort? 

. the failure by a hairbreadth margin of 
Turner & NewalJPs bid for the AE 
automotive engineering group. Unless 
the circumstances are unravelled in 
full for all to see, and guilt or 
innocence clearly established to the 

City’s satisfaction, we can expect a 

Lloyd's brokers are estimated to pay 
10 per cent of their brokerage income 
m professional indemnity costs. Some 
are paying 20 per cent or more, which 
has to put a question mark over their 
long-term viability. 

The brokers* difficulties are part 

» , . — , ■■■“ “.w-wii ujuituiiia tuc uaii 

sharp rise id the popularity of panel- and parcel of the soaring rates and 

heafinp 9C 9 cnArfalnr cnnrt _ ... ■■ ■ . . 

-SSf-S* 1 f f ? e yea f -After Its bank deposits - and therefore 

ES2SL? f?”.-." 1 ** ™*f I*®- 

• I? 

■ 3 

^iishopsgaie, it has bought 

-iJ'jSr Ci 2 freehoIdTme 

"8 5,000 sq ft scheme being 
.developed by Higgs & Hifl 
/-Developments near the RoyaJ 
J« int site Hammerson. now 
-has an 800,000 sq ft develop- 
^nent progra mme in the City. 

J*® fani for British Telecom, 
were appointed by the Crown 
..Estate Commissioners to de- 
the site of die Royal 
tMmt on the eastern edge of 
the City. 

It Is CMD’s bigg est ander- 
'toidng so for at about £200 
raiffioa. Bat the company is no 
£$tranger .to office schemes in 
4ke Square Mile and it has 
forked with Britel before. 

•v CMD’s connection with 
'RMin began - when Rivlin 
bonghtfl.f million of prop- 
erties from CMD. In return 
■/fhe fledgling property com- 
pany obtained 29 2 per cent of 
Jtfae textile firm. Mr l^mdan 
•joined the RMin board with 
^CMD's ch a ir man, Sr An- 
thony JolifTe. 

" CMD’s stake in RivBn 
drops to about 6 per cent on 
.'the acquisition of Marl- 
borough. But CMD’s board 
made it dear that it would 
offer all its issued share 
capita] to Rivlin “at the appro- 
priate tune in the ftenre”. That 
■time appears to have been set 
-Ibr eariy next year, completing 
■the transformation- into a 
s i gn ifi cant property company 
with net assets of £40 mtlKnn 
mid a market capitalization of > 
pboot £70 million. 

- Mr Landan is a firm be-' 
Sever in expanding the prap- 
erty company’s asset base, 
which he aims to make £100 

“I regard net asset valne 
growth as crndaL The dev- 
elopment programme which 
for CMD stands at about £400 
million, will be expanded bat 
we will be carefhl to cover the 
risk. ” he said. 

.. Rivlin will be an 
‘institutional’’ property com- 
pany. The qnaHty of its port- 
folio will be of a kind to appeal 
to Institutional investors. And 
Mr Landan will only develop 
schemes which are or are 
likely to be pre-fimded by 
pension foods and insmance 

’’ This means that the devel- 
oper has to give away a large 
Slice of the development prof- 
its to secure funding but it is a 
conservative phDosphy which 
appeals to CMD's founder. 

• The desire to appeal to 
institutions means that some 

viousty have been put into 
building societies. This 
money, it can be argued, is 
really savings rather than 
money held for transactions 
and is not therefore an im- 
mediate threat to inflation. 

Secondly, the steep rise in 
people's wealth held in the 
form of bouses or shares may 
have encouraged them to hold 
greater quantities of liquid 
assets to keep their liquidity 
ratio roughly stable. This, too, 
would not necessarily imply a 
surge in spending and infla- 
tion. Mr Giles Keating, chief 
economist with Credit Suisse 
First Boston, has refined this 
argument further by pointing 
out that most of the liquidity 
released by the boom in house 

Ihm^larger houses to smaller 
houses. Typically, these are 
people reaching retirement 
who can be expected to regard 
the proceeds as savings rather 
than pocket money. 

Thirdly, inflation has re- 
cently fallen fester than ex- 
pected. When an asset 
depreciates more slowly, peo- 
ple are inclined to bold more 
of it, so there is a step Change 
in the stock of money held. 

All these arguments have 
something in them. The trou- 
ble is they were all used in 
1972-73 after the institutional 
changes involved in Com- 
petition and Credit Control. 
And on tfaat:occasiQn.tbe rise 
in money did come tumbling 
through to prices. 

Undoubtedly the maHmn 
would accept the present level 
of interest rates if they were 
offered some tangible renewal 
of the commitment to form 
monetary control. One possi. 
bihty is that the Government 

Jobless picture brightens 

Today’s unemployment fig- 
ures will show a record total as 
this year's school leavers join 
the register of job seekers. But 
the outlook seems consid- 
erably more favourable. 

Much of the likely improve- 
ment in the trend will come 
from the Government's spe- 
cial employment measures. 

The most significant of the 
announcements by Lord 
Young, the Employment Sec- 
retary, at last week's Conser- 
vative Party conference was 
the decision to extend the Re- 
start programme from those 
out of work for more than 12 
months to those without work centre regularly to qualify for 

unem P* 0 y ment 


IN EEC (1985) 










United Kingdom 


Portugal (1984) 














stay off it for the best part of a 

Tire total number of people 

mit of work for more than 12 
months is about 1.4 million, 
so if the present Re-stan 
reduces this by a tenth un- 
employment could as a result 
be about 140,000 lower by 
next spring when interviewing I 
will have been completed. 

The number of 

f people who 

have been out of work for 
more than six months bin less 
than 12 is about 600,000. 
Nobody can say whether Re- 
start will do as much for them 
as it has for those who have 
been out of work longer, but if 
it did that would lake off 
another 60,000. 

pressions of the 12-month 
scheme are very encouraging. 

Re-start involves inviting 
everyone of the longer-term 
unemployed to an interview 
with a counsellor. * 

The interviewers have a 
menu of eight different ways 
in which they can offer help. 
These include a place on the 
Community Programme, do-' 
ing work of value to the 
community, work on the vol- 
untary projects programme — 
which is similar but in the 
voluntary sector - self 
employment helped by the 
enterprise allowance scheme, 
the job start allowance of £20 a 
week for those taking a job at 
less then £80 a week, training, 
a place in a job dub offering 
practical help and moral sup- 
port, a special training course 
to help people recover their 
motivation, or a job. 

The fast is not as fanciful as 
it may sound because, since 
the requirement to visit a job 

removed, not all the longer- 
term unemployed are aware of 
the opportunities available. 

The other big expansion of 
Insofar as Re-start simply the special measures in pros- 
acts as a strainer for separating peel is the extension of the 
people into existing schemes, Youth Training Scheme to 

two years for 16-year-olds. 
Announced in the 3985 “Bud- 
get for jobs,” this provides 
that this year's school-leavers 
can stay in the YTS for a 
further year from autumn 
1987 if by then they do not 
have a job. With 30-40 per 
cent of YTS graduates now 
joining the register, the effect 
could be to keep at least 
100,000 young people in train- 
ing instead of on the dole from 
next autumn. 

More important for the 
longer term would be a revival 
of growth in the economy. But 
the combined effect of the 
special measures and renewed 
growth could be to produce a 
significant change in trend in 
unemployment at a politically 
crucial time for the 

it does nothing further to 
reduce the total But, in addi- 
tion, about 10 per cent of the 
tonger-term unemployed drop 
off the register after the first or 
second interview, usually be- 
cause they were not really 
available for work in the first 

The big question is how 
long do those leaving the 
register stay ofl? The pilot Re- 
start only started last January 
and national coverage from 
July, so evidence is still 
patchy. But the first indica- 
tions are relatively encourag- 
ing. The average stay off the 
register is already more t han 
20 weeks and could well 
stabilize at about 40 weeks; in 
other words, once off the 
register, those who lave been 
cheating the system should 

beating as a spectator sport. 

The odd circumstances surround- 
ing many baffling purchases and sales 
of shares in the Westland affair have 
to this day not been explained with the 
clarity and comprehensiveness appro- 
priate to any system of self regulation 
worthy of the name. Perhaps the 
AE/T unaer & Newali saga is the last 
chance before de-regulauon to show 
that the tried and tested ways of 
achieving equality of treatment for all 
shareholders will retain their effec- 
tiveness afterwards. 

The circumstances could hardly 
have been more bizarre. Days before 
the bid came to an end, so for 
unnamed buyers paid over 240p for 
shares in the beleaguered AE group. 
Those shares were crucial in the 
outcome, for T&N failed to win 
control of AE by less than 1 per cent of 
the votes. Within days after the £250 
million offer lapsed, more than 10 per 
cent of AETs equity was placed at 
around 20lp, showing a loss of 
perhaps £4.5 million to the sellers. 

, It is difficult to avoid the conclu- 
sion that in some way the temporary 
owners of the shares were friendly to 
AE and were happy to see the 
company retain its independence. It is 
for the panel to decide whether and 
how this apparent benefaction es- 
caped the broadly drawn definitions 
that might construe it as the action of 
a concert party. 

This much however is clear. An 
inconclusive outcome, one which foils 
to reveal both the identity and 

contracting capacity in the liability 
insurance market worldwide. Their 
problems were exacerbated last year 
by the withdrawal from the market of 
Munich Re, the large West German 
reinsurer which picked up thumping 
losses on reinsurance from bush fires 
in Australia. The direct insurer was 
the Lloyd's broker Sedgwick. 

The upshot of Munich’s withdrawal 
was soaring rates. Now all the brokers, 
from the largest to the smallest, are 
complaining about the rising cost of 
professional indemnity as a propor- 
tion of total expenses. 

The chances of a brokers' mutual 
succeeding are, however, for from 
certain. Nicholas Carter, manag in g 
director of Nelson Hurst & Marsh, a 
leading professional indemnity bro- 
ker, says the rates being charged by 
underwriters are foir and reflect the 
claims experience of brokers. 

The implication is that Lloyd's 
brokers have in the past and will 
continue to attract lawsuits at quite a 
brisk pace. With the threat of bigF’CW 
lawsuits hanging over some of the 
hugest brokers at Lloyd's, under- 
writers are not likely to start relaxing 

An additional difficulty of setting 
up a mutual is that, although there are 
256 Lloyd's brokers, the chances of a 
reasonable number wanting to share 
each others risks and insure each other 
is not believed to be that high. They 
would be too busy questioning each 
others' claims experience and quality 
of business. 

New debt struggle for Poland 

Poland is in danger of 
foiling to meet this year’s debt 
repayments because of a dwin- 
dling trade surplus and West- 
ern creditors* refusal to give 
fresh loans, according to dip- 
lomats and economists in 

One Western diplomat said 
that it was a “foregone 
conclusion” that Poland 

would seek a postponement of 
year-end payments in talks 
with the Paris Club of 17 
Western creditor 


Graegorz Wojtowicz, 
w of the National 




Bank’s foreign department, 
said he hoped that talks would 
be held in the “nearest future” 

Both sides were, however, 
preparing the basis of an 
agreement to reschedule 
loans. Mr Wojtowicz said. 
Last year, Poland fell behind 
in repaying some $550 million 
(£382 million) which later had 
to be rescheduled. Diplomats 
estimated that a similar 
amount could be lacking in 

Frost on the profits but 
Bejam’s expansion goes on 

+ The tender offer for 25 per 
cent of Baker Harris Saunders 
Group, the first commercial 
estate agent to come to the 
market, has been over- 
subscribed. The level of over- 
subscription and the 
allocation basis for shares will 
be announced today. 

properties from the Marl- 
borough portfolio will be sold. 
But mere are development 
opportunities within it which 
are being explored. 

' New areas of income- 
producing activity are also 
being examined. Mr Jon 
SiefiL the general 

Rivlin, has experience 

retail motor trade. He believes 
there are underused property 
assets wafting to be exploited 
in the sector. 

A b uilding management 
company may be established 
in response to the increasing 
need to manage property ac- 
tively and maintain its value. 

! • The SpitalfieMs Deveto p- 
ment Group, the consortium of 
London & Edinburgh Trust, 
Balfour Beatty and County 
Properties, Is to join otter 
developers in tendering far w 
chance to redevelop Spit- 
afflelds Market on the eastern 
Cringe of the City, of London. 

ISSDG's hopes of deaiin 
exclusively with the City i 
London Corporation, the 
market's owner, were dashed 
this week when the Corpora- 
tion rejected the owni^uy ® 
£150 million offer to build L3 
million sq ft of offices on the 
she. SDG is to scale down the 
amnimt of offices pfOpOSM 00 
the site. 

: Judith Huntley 

Commercial Property 
•. Correspondent 

Expansion by Bgam Group 
continues rapidly. Eighteen 
stores were opened last year 
and another 20 or so are 
planned for the year to next 
June. Yet the recent growth 
in profits can be described 
only as lacklustre. 

Frozen food accounts for 
82 per cent of turnover and 
sales grew by 8 per cent last 
yean 7 per cent was volume 
growth of which 5 per cent 
was attributable to new 
stores. Food price inflation 
was just 1 per cent But other 
costs, especially wages, grew 
at a faster rate and net 
margins fell from 5.9 per cent 
to 538 per cent this year. 

Bejam is ever conscious of 
the chin winds of com- 
petition. especially from the 
leading supermarkets who are 
devoting, increasing amounts 
of space to frozen food. 

With Bejam, they, are 
exploiting the rapid growth in 
high-margin prepared frozen 
mixes and meals at . the 
expense of the commodity 
items such as frozen peas. 
Greater affluence, the high 
proportion of working 
women and wider ownership 
of microwave ovens is fuel- 
ling this growth. 

Bejam is enjoying a spin- 
off benefit from Victor Value. 
Its buying power in groceries 
and chilled foods is allowing 
Bejam to devote more space 
to these items in the freezer 
centres to help it meet the 
challenge from the 

With net debt standing at 
less than £1 million, the 
balance sheet is particularly 
healthy. The initial £5 mil- 
lion proceeds from the sale of 
Bejam's 50 per cent interest ' 
in the fish processor Olaf has 
been topped up by another 
£3.4 million, Bejam’s share of 
Olaf s increased profits since 
the sale. This, ana cash flow, 
has been more than enough 
to pay for Victor Value. 

After capital spending of 
£26 million in 1985-1986 
(including £10.3 million for 
Victor Value) capital spend- 
,ng in 1986-1987 wifi be 
much less since many of the 
new stores will be teased. 

The current year has, 
started welL First quarter 
results to September show a. 
worthwhile increase, despite 

the bad summer which se- 
verely affected ice-cream 
sales and the group should 
make £23 million for the year 
as a whole. The prospective 
multiple of 13 looks 

Aitken Home 

Yet again NSR, Aitken 
Hume's Americau fund 
m a n a ge ment arm, has come 
to the rescue. Group results 
were boosted by a 65 percent 
increase in NSR’s trading 
profits to £3 million. 

A show of loyalty from 
NSR saved Aitken Hume 
from Tran wood Group ear- 
lier this year. 

Net increases for NSR’s all- 
important mutual business, 
which is growing at the rate of 
$100 million a month, 
amounted to $0.5 biflion. 
NSR accounted for NO per 
cent of trading profits on 
continuing activities. 

These were reduced to £L8 
milli on after taking into ao-‘ 
count corporate costs of £1.2 
miltion, a £1.1 million 
contribution from banking 
and insurance and a loss of 
£93,000 from British fund 

However, there are rigns 
that Aitken Hume is trying to 
put the past behind it. Prop- 
erty, the subject of past 
concent, is virtually dis- 
continued. A marketing drive 
is under way in the banking 
division, tbe aim being to 
increase private-dient busi- 
ness, much of which now 
comes from the Middle East 
Sentinel Insurance has 
potential: new products are 
being well received. There is 
also a gain to be made by 
ma nagin g funds in bouse. 
However, fond management 
in general needs to be stream- 
lined as costs are too high. 

Adverse pubtidty and the 
threatened takeover have had 
an adverse effect on private- 
dient business, which has 
fallen sharply. Total funds 
under management are £150 . 
million, £60 million of which 
is unit trust money with £75 
million from SentmeL 
Credibthy is a major prob- 
lem both in terms of securing 
new business and of improv- 
ing the City image. With 
profits set to exceed £5 

milli on this year, the p/e ratio 
is a demanding 21 times held 
op by residual, but now 
misplaced, takeover 

It will take time for Aitken 
Hume to rebuild its reputa- 
tion. In the meantime, it is a 
luxury to bold the shares. 

Albert Fisher 

Bacon may not play a large 
part in Albert Fisher Group's 
activities, but tbe company 
continues to bring home the 
avocado, kiwi fruit and 
mango for its shareholders. 

Pretax profits more than 
doubled to £8.4 million in tbe 
year, to August 31 and. 
stripped of its new subsid- 
iaries, the group showed 
underlying growth of 35 per 
cent, well above its self- 
imposed target of 20 per cent, 
with all three divisions — 
food in _ Britain and the US 
and British distribution — 
performing strongly- 
Acquisitions continue to 
play an important part in 
Fisher’s strategy. A fortnight 
ago, it paid $13 mfllionfor 
the TaviUa Group, a Miami 
fruit and vegetable merchant, 
and yesterday h announced it 
was was laying out up to $6 
million for Apex, a similar 
operation in Los- Angeles. 

Tbe purchases fill in more 
-holes in the Fisher network as 
it. attempts to create a com- 
pany covering the whole 
range of food operations 

Fisher is quite happy to see 
the gearing, now around 20 
per cent, reach 70 per cent if 
the target is right, while its 
shareholders have come to 
know and love its rights 

The company is becoming 
definitely American-skewed 
with almost 60 per cent of last 
year’s profits coming from 
acoss the Atlantic. 

Currency worries not- 
withstanding. pretax profits 
should be up to £1 1 miltion 
this year and shareholders 
have been told to expect a 33 
percent higher dividend. The 
shares. Ip higher at I93p,. 
stand on a p/e ratio of 13.8 
which seems justified by the 
growth record. . 





O i Wrwiv iwiMnivc I ncrwm ... 

Maxwell scoops 10% of McCorquodale 

Mr Robert Maxwell, mil- 
lionaire publisher of the Daily 
Mirror , raided the stock mar- 
ket yesterday, picking up more 
shares in McK^orqoodale, the 
beleaguered specialist printer. 

Dealers were alerted after 
teaming that Smith New 
Court, the investment bouse, 
was bidding 270p for 1 million 
shares (2 per cent), compared 
with the ruling market price; 
at the time, of 265p. 

The move, which caught 
dealers on the hop, lifts Mr 
Maxwell's stake in 
McCorquodale, now fighting 
off a £145 million bid from 
Norton Opax, to just under 10 

JLast week, McCorquodale 
broke off talks with a mystery 
white knight, thought to be 
Extel, the news agency and 
fin ancial information group. 
Mr Maxwell was said to have 
bought his original stake in 
McCbrquodale to block any' 
merger with ExteL He already 

owns 25 per cent of Exte! and 
would not mind bidding for 
the rest, His task would be 
made that much more difficult 
If Extel got together with 
someone else. 

Meanwhile, Norton Opax is 

• Mecca Leisure, the 
night dab to holiday camp 
group, which bums deal- 
ings next Thr sday, is already 
trading at a near lOp pre- 
mium to the 135p offer price 
in the anoffidal grey mar- 
ket. Tbe £32.9 million offer, 
which doses at ten this 
morning, is likdy to be over- 
subscribed. Cleveland 
Securities, the licensed dealer, 

was offering tbe shares at 

a middle price of 144p 

stepping up the pressure on 
McCorquodale shareholders 
to accept its offer of 260p a 
share. Mr Richard HanweU, 
chief executive; yesterday met 

Base Rate 

Increased by 1% to 1 1% per annum with 
effect from 1 5th October, 1 986. 

Deposit Accounts 

Interest on Deposit Accounts is increased 
by 0.65% to 5% net p.a. with effect from 
15th October, 1986. 

For customers who receive interest gross, 
the rate is increased to 6.69% p.a. 

Save and Borrow Accounts 

Interest on credit balances is increased to 
the above Deposit Rate with effect from 
1 2th November, 1 986 and interest charged 
on overdrawn balances remains at 19.5% 
p.a. APR 20.9%. 

By Michael Clark and Carol Leonard 

a number of McCbrquodale's Stag plastics business to Bund 
institutional shareholders to for £2.75 million, 
try to convince them to bade Talk during after-hours 
him. trading focused on the build- 

Attadtiog McO^odaJc-s 

Mr Han w eU PDki^toi, 

surrendert^any ‘^credible g*. gg* ChEgg 

ing to a white longfit Since piiwnstAn m the wav with 
their announcement that talks rf20D«?4Bo 

financial advisers ha e tod to yggjgjtlay suggesting that Rio 
spend . over . £2 million £ 

S T700 P 00S nance group* had built up a 
stake m the company.. 

yesterday 1 . Speculation that RTZ, of 

Mr HanweU also poured even Hanson Trust, may now 
scorn on McCorquodak’s be ready to pounce boosted 
1987 profit forecast of £17 the shares a gain during hue 
million as a desperate measure trading. They eventually 
and claimed it showed no dosed 29p higher at 492p. 
underlying _ growth in the Dealers are talking of a bid of 
group's original business. SSOp a share, valuing 

McCorquodale finished the Pflkington at £1.2 billion, 
day 5p higher at 270p as it English China Clay, often 
announced plans to sell its the subject of takeover talk, 

advanced 15p to 31 6p hoping 

fora bid from the acquisitive 
BTR, which is now thought to 
be on the look-out for its next 
1 target. One leading broker is 

■ W J A w m estimated to have spent £30 

[ l million picking up 10 million 

shares, or 0.5 per cent of the 
company. ECC carries a price 
tag of £640 million. 

Blue Circle Industries, 
Britain's biggest cement prp- 
*' ducer, rose 12p to 580p amid 

. whispers that tbe group may 

annum with S^BST/SSS 


Anglia Sees ni5p) 
Apptoyartf nffip) 
Beaverco (145 p) 

Broad St (43p) 

Chelsea Man (125p) 
Citygrove flOOp) 
Creighton Lite (l3Qp) 
Euro Home (160p) 

Eve Construction posp) 
Great Southern (135p) 
Guthrie Cora (150p) 
Harrison (I50p) 

HiDe Ergonom <92p) 
Hughes Food (20p) 
Local Lon Gp 
MB Cash a C noOp) 








208 +18 



on EC2P 2BX 





Adam & Company 


Citibank Sawwst 

Consofidafed ads - 

Co-operative Baric 

C. Hoare 8 Co 

Hong Kong & Shanghai 11JQ0% 

Lloyds Baric 11.00% 

Nat Westminster 11X0% 

Royal Baik of Scotland — 11110% 


Bank of Ireland 
announces that with 
effect from close of business 
on 16th October 1986 
its Base Rate is 
increased from 
10% to 11% p.a. 


Established 1783 

Area Office 36 Moorgate. London EC2R GOP 

Citibank NA 

f JKMpgi Base Bat a. 

Grindlays Bank p.I.c. 
Interest Rates 

Grindlays Bank p.I.c. 

that its base rate for 
lending will change 
from 10% to 11% 
with effect from 
15th October 1986 

n Grindlays 
■Hr Bank p.l.c. 

A ewmber of Ow ASS Group of Compeniea 
Head Office: Grindlays Bank pic. 

Minerva Haase. Montague Close. London SE1 9DH. 


The Directors are pleased to report 
excellent pre-tax profits for the year. 

Sales in the early part of the current 
year have been very good and we believe 
that the Group is now well placed for a 
further successful year of achievement. 

The Directors 

[ Record Pre-Tax Profits I 

Results for the year to 30th June: 

1986 1985 

£Q001s £000s 

Turnover 16, 887 13,486 

Pre-Tfcx Profit 

Earnings per share 

I 21.2p | 7.1p 

Bank of Scotland 
Base Rate 

Bank of Scotland 
announces that, with 
effect from 15th 

October, 1986 its 
Base Rate will be 
increased from 
10.00% per annum to 
1 1.00% per annum 



Bell Resources, Mr John 
Spavins* Adelaide Steamship 
and New Zealander Mr Ron 
Brierley's International Eq- 
uity are all thought to have 
built np large stakes in die 

Dealers claim Blue Circle is 

• Premier Consolidated 
OB, the independent explora- 
tion company, finned 3 ftp 
to 36p as word went round 
that It may to about to re- 
veal a bullish report on its 
drillings in tike 22-2-5 field 
in the central North Sea, 
where it has a 20 per cent 
stake. “We will be putting out 
a press release Inter 
today,** says Mr Charles 
Jamieson, finance director. 

vulnerable to a bid and its 
share price has been hit by 
cheap cement imports and a 
dull profits outlook. 

Ibstodc Johnsen slipped 2p 
to 182p despite recent hopes 
that it may soon receive a bid 
from its rival Steetley. In 
1982, Ibstock was on tbe 
receiving end of abortive bids 
from Hepworth Ceramic and 

The equity market resumed 
its upward trend again yes- 
terday, recovering from the 
shock of the base rate rise. The 
FT 30-store index dosed near 
its highest level of the day, np 
14.1 at 1276.4. The broader- 
based FT-SE 100 index dosed 
at 1607.5 up 15. 

Gilts opened easier but 

Marina Dev (nop) 

Thames TV (190p) 
Treas 3H%i/t 2016 *97 
Unilock (63p) 

Yelvefton pap) 
Yorkshire TV (IKp) 

£934 -'<• 

managed a small rally later 
with longer-dated bonds dos- 
ing firmer by £IA and shorts by 

Among blue chip stocks, 
Glaxo was the biggest mover, 
gaining l8p to 948p & an- 
alysts re-evaluated their 
assessments of the companys 
results. ■ British Telecom 
firmed 4p to I90p, ICI 5p to 
1 i07p, GKN 14p to 265p and 
Hawker Siddefey 8p to 447p. 

Oils were cautiously 
bouyant with Ultramar 
putting on 8p to lS8p, Shell 
and BP both up 5p at 913p 
and 673p respectively. Enter- 
prise 3p at 142p and I C Gas 
also 3p to the good at 516p. 

Stores also moved upwards 
with Burton leading the way at 
280p, up 6p. GUS A share 
and Marks and Spencer both 
rained 5p to 970p and I97p, 
Dixons and Boots 4p to 342p 
and 235p and Next 3p to 239p. 

Partly-paid TSB stores 
firmed another half-penny to 
84p, with dealers reporting 
more buyers than sellers. 
Other banks also improved 
Barclays, Lloyds and Midland 
all gained a couple and Na- 
tional Westminster finned 3p 
to 51 7p. 

Telephone Rentals, 
Britain's biggest independent 
supplier of of switchboard 
equipment after British 
Telecom, climbed 8p in late 
trading to I93p on talk that 
Phillips, the Dutch elecircials 
giant, was about to bid. 

Boozer CH N/P 
Bund F/P 

Bums-Andorsoo N/P 
Comtecri Fin N/P 
Goodhead Print N/P 
Lawrence (W)dtar N/P 
Lelsu retime N/P 

Norfolk COP N/P 
Pamsti CJQ WP 
Platignum N/P 
nowy N/P 

(Issue price In brackets). 

New York (Renter)-™! 

Street shares pushed aheadm 
moderate earlytradingy^- 

teidav as bonds re«wp«d cftaesbyawostwowoiieen 

!S«whfch occurred after the j 5 *2®* 

report of a 4,6 per cent gain in W ^ 

Member retail sales- left vei. Bg Itt to 2fr». 

ora Oct Oa 

*3? T 3 « 


On Oa 
U- .. 13 

S SSS S5 KBS* s; |K jSKSrS* U 

ssir s r gf» * * Bbr. B-s 

ST” & £ SAer i S, bRL i 1% 

MMCrimra 3» as 
Mcoa 35% 

Amntnc 14% 14% 


Am Brands jg-* 

Am Can K* 


Am Express 5BJ4 S£* 
Am Home 76% 77% 

Am Motors 3, 3 

Am Sl'nd 41 

AmTehpn 23% 

Amoco 65% 66-i 
Aimco Steal 7 7.H 


Avon Prods 

Bank of NY 

3g Warner 
Bns Myers 

^ s v - fars. as r 

73 14 m *& u 

41 GwwKO 3 % 3% Scnfbw m 

1 SL jk 3S aS r a 

iws 1 : 1 : m: 1 1: 

E I* Is g£s£»j*'-S 

m SSitST 3 Jig -gw 

£ » S is 
2! cST" 55 §* tSS. 
n* JSSIL. JS S TKlg*. ,1 

B 1 gs Hr f l 

«l <4 WPspjr mx OH Tjomen 
70% WtTdTd. Six Six TJ*J*C«jr 

cau Iwlwfi Ran k 47 47U TRW kVH B7x 9V 

^ 5?» St IBLSiw 





UMkwerNV 212% 210 
UnCartM* in* ,BOT 
un Pec Cor ™ -*■ 


Buff ton Ntn 

CanPacttiC ri’i i*» 

Catacptaer 37* 3pi 

ami 206^4 205 

»«n«sw m Ml 

Chwnpon 28X 26% 

CnaseMan 36 3SX 

Ctwn Bk NY 43X 43% 

Ownon d2V> 43X 

Chrysler 37 37 

CiUCOfp 48% *8X 

Oar* Equ>p 2014 20X »»i 

CocaCola 35% 3SX MSlwfleCp 2X 

Colgate 38% 33% Mapco SOX 

C® 127% 127% ManoeMd 48% 

CbnlMGas 43 43 J«Manwa 41* 

Cons Em 44% 45 McOonrwfl K* ffl* Omlb 20* 20* 

Cn Nat Gas 30 30* MiM 


£. i h & K ¥ ^ s 8 

SrtStoft M* 58% NCRCqrp «2* ««« 

Wrur SS 8 &BB 4?* 43* 3j 8 

□SmEd 18* 16* IW Mad j&a 24* 2** 

ChgdalEq 91* 90% NatSmwWI 9 9X Sj 

nisnov 41 y, 41% NoriotkSdt 83* 8*X Hosn B Mm a*% .. »> 

Dwam 55 54* NWBan gp 34% 34* kW CO KX 32% 

Dresser ind 18 Oodo«p« » M% STK? 10 * 4,* 

Duke Power 44% 44* Ogden «1X «S .. fl* 

DuPont 80% BIX OfaCOrp 40S 40* ^itnflgCO » » 

Ji 22sf a i;i S iffl?? 55:18 

usocwp 40 as 

UMTKMKti 40% 48* 

USXCptp 28% m 

Unocal 22* 23* 
JnVMW 44*., 44% 
WnerLmM S3%. SW 

8SBi : ‘W 

9BST R- R 

Woatworth 41% 

sa 0 " 1 Si St 

Disney 41% 41% NortofcSih 83% MX 

DowChem 55 54* NWBan gp 34% 34* 

Dresser ind 18 Oodo«p« » M% STK? 10 * 4 ,* 

Duke Power 44% 44* Ogden «1X 42S !i .. fl* 

DuPont 80% BIX OfaCOrp 40% 40* S»- «L 

Eastern Air 8 % 8 % Owen« 41% « tSSoT Si S? 

Eson Kodak 56* 66 PacGasQ 23* 24 awflCo 2V* : |1X 

Elton Cora 70% fiB* Pan*" .. W TTyryN A »* W* 

Emerson B 79* 80 PenwyA C. MX 74* VWByCotp 2JB 

§«on.92P SS? SSSf 55. SL S" m 

Fad Dot Sts 88% 88% I Papt 

ef.iia a^uciiramwirNi 

27*4 26% I 



Three Mooth Starting 

Dec 88 

Mar 87 


Sep 87 

Dec 87 

Mar 88 

Previous day's total op 
Three Moan Earedon 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 

Jut 87 

Sep 87 

US Treaswy Bond 

! Dec 86 

j Mar 87 

Jim 87 


! Dec 86 .. j — 

Mar 87 — — 

i Jim 87 — : 

Long QBt 

Dot 86 

Mar 87 : 

Jim 87 

Sap 87— 

FT-SE 10O 

\ Dec 86 — 

iMar 87 













89 J8 

89 M 




69 16 



0 . 



Previous day's total 
94.10 94.05 

open Merest 25373 
94.09 4448 














_ 89 JS 

- 89J2 

- 89.14 

: »f 

interest 12968 

Previous day’s total open interest 6139 

94- 14 94-26 94-10 94-19 6687 

93-19 93-19 93-19 33-22 1 

N/T 92-22 0 

Previous day's total open friterastlSll/ 

95- 46 96-10 95-46 . 96-09 188 

N/T 96-09 0 

N/T 0 

Previous day’s total open interest 15014 
109-27 11O-30 103-17 11327 12101 

109-24 110-26 10320 110-27 32 

N/T 110-27 0 

N/T 0 

Previous day's total open Interest 2850 
160.10 16390 tfiCJJO 16350 489 

N/T 16850 0 

day^ range 

N York M35tTl.4400 
Montreal 1.9915-2.0009 
Brusstfs 5855-5950 
Cphgan 10.6690-107250 
DubM 1.0408-1.0488 
Litton 20620-20952 
Madrid 18795-188.72 
Milan 1959.00-197295 
Oslo 104275-10.4685 
Pans 99727-99325 
SfkNtn 97695-990B4 
Tokyo 221.09-22299 
Vienna 1690-2000 

Zurich 23164-29290 

Sterling Mas compwad with itTS was 

0jB6-Q.64pi«m 1.96-1.96prem 

051-0 4tpram l.45Mj4p»nt 


1*-1Xpram 54*prem 

20-15pwn 60-51 preen 

1%-*prem 3%-3Horeai 

ig~4iSs 84-iasdb 

- i%-1Hprera Wtesffl 

45-1 lOdrt. 170^Ddtt 

V36dW 20-70da 

2-nsrpram 4^j#rprem 

2*^*cM . 9X-a*dte 

2*-i*prem 5><-4*p>em 

2%-l%prem TX-OV-tncn 

l%-l*pMA „ - 3«-3Vmem 
10X-9%prem Z8^25%pram 

1%-1Xprmn 4*-4*prenr 

» « *7 Jt (day^mkga Kr&WSL 


Flrat Dealings Last Dealings Last Dedaretioa ForSMOement 
Oct 6 Oct 17 Jan 8 Jan19 

Oct 2D Oct 31 Jan 22 FM>2 

Nov 3 Nov 14 Jan 5 _ Jan 16 

Cal optkma ware taken out ok 15/10/86 CoratfkMad Gold Fields. British Telacarn. 
TSB/Alebone. Conroy PWS^ Peek Hoicks. Amstrad. Rlvfci, LeejureThne. f Hewitt. 
Backs Leisure, FaMhe Boats, Ensty f General. Shemon Secs., Am al g am ated 
RnanciaL BOMS. Boots, Johnson Rrtii Brawn. Standard Chartered. Common Bros.. 
Redfeam National Glass. Bestwood. Banka. Ryan mnL. Hampton Treat, Hkkson 

Irani- Ourtas Beikar. 
PtitJE Engtand, Appj 

Put JE Em 

Baas Rates* 

dealing Bmiks 11 
Rnance House 10 

Discotmt Mariret Loans % 

Overnight Htatc 11* Low 11 
Weak feed: 11 

Treeway BBs (Dbcramt *4 
Buying Seffing 

2mmn 10% Zmntn 10* 

3imtii 10 u is Smndi 10 m h 

Prime Bank KBs (Discount*) 

1 ninth 10 n’le-IO 13 ^ ninth IO'^m-IO^h 
3 moth 10X-10* 6 mntfi 10%-tO* 

Trade BBs (Discount iq 
1 mnth 11 *ib 2mn8i ll*w 

3 moth 11* 6 mnth 11* 

Werbanfc (%) 

OvonMgnt open 11% close 11 
1 week 1156-11 6 mnth 11%-11* 

1 mnth 11X-11* 9mndi 11*-11* 

3 mnth 11%-11K 12 mh 11%-H* 

LncM Authority Depoda (*) 

2 days 10* 7 days 10* 

1 mnth 10* 

6 mnth 10X 
Local Authority 

1 mnth 11-10% 

3 mnth 11-10* 
9 mnth 11-10* 

3 mnth 10* 
12mth 11 

11 - 10 * 
6 mnth 11-10* 
12mth 11-10* 

1 mrnti 11K-11* 3 mnth ii’4-11* 

6 mnth 11 J ie-ll'i« I2mtfi TP,H1'<g 


1 mnth 5-95-590 3 mntti 695^90 

6 mnth &B5-&80 I2mtti 6-00-595 


Secs- Peart Assume. Aranson Group. TSB. 

AMed Lyons 

Cons Gold 



Com U nion 

Cable 6 Wire 



Argentma auatraP - 

Batiraki dtnar 

BrazH cruzado 

Cyprus pound 

Fffmnd marim 

Greece drachma „ 
Hong Kong dofar — 

tndmrepoe — 

Iraq dinar — 

Kuwait dinar KO 

Malaysia dokar . .. 
Miwcn p***" , 

New Zealand doHar . 
Saudi Arabia rtyal _ 
Singapore daw — . 
South Atncanwd — 



— 13559*15621 

— 2-23832-2424 
_ 0-MWHL5440 


_ 0.72230.7320 
_ 69310*9710 

— 190JS-192JB6 



~. 3.7822-3.7676 

— 23621-26756 
_ 53710-5.4110 

— 3.12033.1237 

— S3S95-5J2995 








Swemtand _ 
Netherlan d s — 

Hong Kong .... 




1 supplied by Baraieye Bank HOPE* end ExteL 


»»' *"* • 

Oct Jan 

10 25 

1 y. 12 

1 4 

117 137 
70 97 

27 65 

115 1 

78 3* 
43 35 

155 1 

117 1* 
82 9 

12 17 
30 33 

58 63 

7 14 

20 37 

47 6S 

10 12 
18 25 

35 45 
















Thom EMI 































Jun Dec Mar Jn 

; 1 , 

! ! -i.' 

* *■* 

14 26 

1* 13 

X 4 

20 11 13 18 
9 26 28 32 

7 days S^tfSV 
3 mnth 5»w5“i« 

7 days 4*4% 

3 mnth 4*m-4 7 i« 
Fren ch Franc 
7 days 0*-8 

3mn9i 9-8% 
Swiss Franc 
7 days IK-1 
3 mnth 4-3% 


7 days 4 * 4 % 

3 mnth 5<<6-4«.« 

Sovereigns* (newk 
S 100.00-101.00 (£G9J 

f 56625 (2394 .05 ) 

l 6 S% 

1 6-5* 


i 4K-4% 

1 4%-4* 




4- 3% 


5- 4% 

Shea Trans 


20 34 40 2 5 

330 1% 16 23 13 IS 18 

8 15 42 42 42 

Series Dec Mar Jun Dec 

ago 40 48 so 

Fixed Rata Sterling Export Finance 
Schema IV Average reference rate lor 

Tay success 

Tay Homes, the Yorkshire 
housebuilder quoted on the 
unlisted securities market, 
made pretax profits in the year 
to the end of June of £1.86 
million, a rise 187.5 per cent 
on the previous year. Turn- 
over rose 25 per cent and the 
number of units sold in- 
creased to 5 10 from 4.1 4- ' . 

li T *S7 




BO Offer cmg V» 

ted Offer Crag YW 


300 3M.1* -OR 1 


MSgST**** W 

&a Trun 912 lOu 

mSf^r- Usn80 " H!WfiM 

te *009 a .. 4.54 

2“”* HOO .. 10.73 

D * po *0' lOOja .. tn 

72/ra BaotannM Bnn London ECzv e 

g8SESF“ 8 "* t KW 60P 
s a c spoon As su !U ..a 



BO Offer Cuig YB 

BO Offer Chip Via 

M Offer Ofeg W 

Do »CB» . . 1512 1880 -OB un 

Manag ad Wife 9U 3M .. US 

Scuta Qfe fee mom* *o i 23a 

Do Moan ills iau +ai 2-38 



JS- HWjawt Oifejiw G2 3UH 

Mt 82 t 998 

Mam 1183 DU *04 117 

EmOBOMi 209 3 287.4* -03 ill 

fiirrnr CBS 2HL7 2313 *£0 | JO 


48, OaGasana 8 l ECS8 am 
oiozs«so&4 3» 

m uk ma eua .. zjd 

DO noma 31 EJ 3364 tO.1 100 

NH Dwsns BIS HEW* -13 DEO 

Do Am** 7BU 0123* -10 100 

m EM Me 813 1025 -OB 010 

Amman M: 395 635 •0.1 1.10 

Eurapaan Me 570 81.7* .. 050 

WOfOnKM An 560 GOB* +Q.1 240 

POBau, Natal WRI 3Wfl 

0608 r ”” 1 

Grow Tnar RIDS 1209 4008 388 

MTibh 137.1 1445* 40 105 

State Cob 
Do Aeon 

58.1 580 .. 04 

1333 1425* . . 10 

SS :: M 

OfMMI Ftmtt 
UK Onrai 

37.1 3M 

Sts «Z4 


aa. am Annas sa London Shim iab 

01-222 1000 

Do Aceini 

107.7 T1AS 

1220 13 SbS 

BMI OW 1384 1475 . . 1.70 

IBtaeFtaa 545 HUM .. 058 

m catttf aKmai sao sr.i* .. 3_oo 

~ 111 lalir m-1 7BB 755 40.1 340 


36. Ranan Swat, fe n— f 
061-23B 5606 Or 03030381 

» IG*I 430 480a -05 157 

W B15 85-0* . . 1004 

mar fee 1184 1280 -03 Mi 

(asm 470 51.1 +0.1 1B4 

few a w* 2708 IBM -07 100 

20 Fan cajc n St Lent* t 
01-623 8000 
Da Mean 640 

Food few TW fee 204 

Oa Man 201 

T VWdte W 

Mean 21 M . 

H RHOWy HC 1034 


Japan Grow* me HJ73 

bo Aeon 1070 

Suffer Cafe IOC 1385 

Da Aeon 2040 j 

UK Bo Grata me 27.7 

DdACBUB 455 

WrxkMda Tadl lac 400 
Do ACCun <10 

-. 114 
-0.1 .. 

*00 U 8 
*14 ~ 
*00 2,13 
*00 .. 

*04 205 
400 .. 
405 002 
405 .. 
402 100 
+0.1 .. 

si-89, ami h*. atom e*k iGi ml 
01-479 3377 


Eu ra sia n 

3935 4135* -00 128 

10*2 1181 .. 052 

su su -o.i ans 

535 573fe -Q.1 858 

1020 1000 -ai on 

970 1037* +05 005 
710 770 *04 006 

Ro. London ECir 2AV 

1 Stss sat 614 667 -03 2.11 
> Saw* 903 K4* -05 215 

A*er Tadl 8 Dan 

u aaom on nun 
Mont* Cba 

Sac toeoiM W 
SpaoH Saunons 

»-«5 Omanam St ima ECZV 7LH 
01-600 4177 

Smal Co * 

Jaaan Taefi S Gan 

Omim O na r * 431.1 4S17e 
OudHhcm 2355 2914 
Ckiadm ad M 4i&4 4373 

Ouadm RKomy 2510 2980* 

UK Ganaal 
Ewe Grawai 
Em M ot 

97.1 1070* 
2043 2185 
1644 1739* 
1817 2120 
416 4d 
880 788 
394 42441 
1100 1186 
S54 59 7c 
9484 5830* 
335 350 
418 44.7 
480 493* 

*01 094 
*10 000 
-16 454 
*0l7 018 
+0.7 128 
*05 107 
-04 503 
.. 225 
.. 103 
+03 052 
-0.1 400 

Si IMim m London ECU* 40U 
01-280 5458 

1 Baoma 5 l E* 
031 225 262 

QMl DfeHtan 2350 2840* *00 244 
bo Ann 4190 4411* *10 244 

DO fecoma S9J 530 *02 110 

Efeopaan 775 sxo -m ira 

Far EMM 1144 ml* -10 044 

BOTTluM 710 711* -0-1 708 

arena Eafey mj oq 0 -02002 

Naum Raa 702 7M* *02 103 

NfentnlM 770 820 -0.1 148 

UKSpacMSIS 814 817 *00 002 

as. Fbwiifn sl Itenchimr 

oei-zjB sees 

Eoptaffe RMcan 



.. 304 

Mori fecoma That 



.. AM 




.. enz 

IS* Of tat Thai* 



.. 109 

SpaoU 9f> hurt 

72 JJ 


.. 247 

Mi Anar that 



.. ira 

Far Eaatam That 



.. 049 

M Graunb 



.. 107 


sl Gaorga Hm Caporaton 9L. Camay CW 
0903 S93231 

UK amOl ACCOM 1405 1S70* -.173 

. Do fecooia 1270 1354* - 178 

Mgaar Inc ACBM 24052522* .. 408 

bo Incoma 1940 2072* .. 409 

OB lAfead ACCOM 919 900 .. era 

Do Inctfefe 705 820 ..013 

Nth Amr Tar Acorn 1309 m2* -- 033 

Far East tat Aecum 178.1 1830* .. 030 

EuolM Acorn 1710 1820* .. us 

GMMIhal 2360 2900* .. 159 

' V *+ V. - 

NC fecoma 
NC Japan 
NCftfelor UKCO 
NC Aouncan fee 
(to Aeon 
NCanrtar COB 

874 KO 
187.7 1940 
400 530 
SOS ms 
2704 2875 
2855 314.1 

feeoma Unas 
Do Accun unaa 

240 284* 
27.7 29.7* 


NC Safer B* 
NC Efel«l I 

138 1 1489* *06 207 

SiSf?S?. Sa6 * ,,MBh 

031-226 3271 

iCtfa 1948 207.0 

I RIM 1230C 


33 Kfeo Wteam Saw. LoMn SGM 9AS 

Amancan Fund 222.7 2370 

Do Aecum 2500 208 & 

Do mmomml 1562 iB65 

Auatruan Fund 1305 U9.1 

Do Aocan 132.7 1410 

Bnun Fund 6814 8118* 

Do Aecum 7970 8480* 

Eurapaan Fund 3285 347.7* 

Do Aecum 3450 3580* 

Jap*" Fund 054 817a 

DoAceum 65 / 70.1a 

Safeto pop 1580 1717 


Sua Afeanca hob. Honham. Sunax 
0403 58293 

ECU* Tmal AGO 3830 4080 
N Am Trust AK 580 02.0 

Far Em That Ace 910 974 

WartMda Band 510 560 

Etanewan 54.7 981 

-03 333 
-04 253 
-05 253 
*20 091 
+2.9 003 
•30 459 
+50 456 
-03 177 
-00 177 
-0.4 022 
-04 122 


254. Cockapur Ssaat London SW1Y 58H 

Daatog nod -930 2602 

UK fecoma 217 250 *0.1 404 

Do Bromn sis 250 *11 259 


Kama Hama. A n oonar. Hama, 82*10 IPG 

0284 SB7BB DMtnga: BBB4 B3432AM 

The prices in this 
section refer to 
Tuesday's trading 

Amancan Inc 
Do Aecum 
Eton fecoma Inc 
Do Aecum 
Ganerfe Unit fee 
Do Acoan 
OH 8 Ffead Inc 
Do Acctan 

Eto Aecum 

loo me 

Do Men— 
Do Accun 
Naha* Rat 
Ob Accun 

1T17 1190 -0.1 142 

1114 1210 -0.1 142 

1140 121.7* *0.1 548 

1370 1480* *00 548 

157 5 1579 +00 298 

2990 2755 +00 208 

489 4MB -03 174 
803 6350 -04 174 

2109 2290 *05 453 

3319 3515 *09 403 

177.1 1885 *0.1 048 

1129 1940 .. 1*8 

• Ex dhndend. e Cum iMdand. h Cum 
stock split. » Ex stock spot, m Cum bB 

(any iwo or mom of aboval • Ex b> (any 
two or more of atxwei. Dealing or 
nfetfwm oays: (1) Monday. (2) Tuesday. 
(3» 1 Wednesday. (4) Thursday. (S) Fnday. 
(20) 25m of monm. (21 ) 2nd fWsday of 
<SOj, 1H and 3rd WMnnday of 
month. (23) 20th of month. (241 3m 
unsdBy of month. (25) 1st and 3rd 
Thursday of month. (261 «tn Tuesday of 
n»Wh.t27) 1st Wednesday of month (28) 
taa Thursday Ol month. (29) 3ra workmg 
day of month (30) IGth of month (3i) 1M 

■m-o ir+A# 1 . 

3300 3510* -17 1.18 
4110 4389e -10 1 . 1 B 
640 880* *0.1 107 
719 755* *00 1.77 
54.4 570* *00 291 
580 590* *00 291 

TayMtoaa G aM ou w Rd. Aytn ury bikm 

29)3rfl wfortang 
month (3i) 1st 

*Wung day ofmontn. (32) 20m ot month. 
03) T« day of Rstmary. May. August 
feovaniher. (34) Last woiiong oay of 
month. (35) 15m ot momh. (38) 148i of 

SSJ? ¥ SJTaPfl 

WOdnasday of month. (40) Vakmd 
memWy. (41) Lost Thursday of Stock 
Exchange account (42) Lost day of 
momh. (43) 2nd and 4tn Wednesday of 
mgnax W4) Quanerty. (4$) filh of momh. 
(46) 2nd Tuesday 01 month. 

Amar Eogfe 717 774 

Auanaan 210 zu 

Conauockty 789 830 

Enargy 290 37.0 

Etfelly 1220 1310 

Eurapaan span 9M H50 1220 

Etaa Imotm 1110 12111 

Gfe fecoma 
dm feco m a 

1110 1201* -00 503 
2801 2789* *17 100 
97.1 1(09* -07 850 
710 80.0c +47 182 



1986 - 

qn Loar Ogwpaay 

dhr YM 
ipanoa % Pg 

d H YU 
' panea % P/E 

1 La* Oofepany 

8<i A 8 It Qp 
45 ATA Safec* 

| tiSSg*** i 

32 AeonTeOM W 

8*i *c*» jwrifeiy « 

204 AMI 
152 Aotfel 
99 AnSr 
131 AndM 
210 App N 

183 Aapan Coramt 
110 Alpin*l 
443 Aapray 
16 Ataoc Bnaray 

15 -1 

94 -2 

142 -3 

187 -* 

104 -2 

159 -5 

265 +a 

so .. 

315 *2 


528 -6 


OS 57 120 

11 42114 

10 11 117 

11 17 1 18 

r :: u 
.. .. 80 
.. .. 10 
7.7 80 .. 
90 49110 
20 10 250 

. dh YU 

Mea orqapanca % p/e 

« * 

I *" 


SO -0 

iS ^ 

30 40280 
17 U II 

30 14 150 

.. .. 80 

.. 150 

43 52100 
70 40 118 
17 24185 
50 10170 

158 • 40 15 189 


122 AmaeMxnant 126 -1 

61 jfefexnagfc ra • 

,£ i? 0 - 00 A 

S £5ff praam ra +2 

12 BamaU I Fountfen aav *-'x 
Si Smoot Cnapa 40 -9 

7*. P an fe fey * H*f 14\ . . 

26 Barknfey E«p 40 +2 

139 BtotafeyOp 213 . . 

ID BrfeilR » +1 

18 BfeNCUM 32 

44 14 320 
88 70 59 

143 17150 
.. -. 74 

114 7.1 80 

79 80 110 

80 104 140 

14 2.1 M0 
7.1 30182 
17 7.1 94 

84 73 12 
17 39111 
.. -- 112 

30 4.1 .. 
24 Uttl 
50 80147 
8.1 13179 

12 72110 
11 41 108 

43 37130- 
53 47 It 

39 59 115 
74 4514.1 

40 30134 

.. .. 50 

10 14 215 

50 08 70 
35 10 544 

11 15130 

290 *+S 85 3LS 179 

236 17 24229 

WS BtoBOW TOyt 235 

133 BDftoM 13* -1 

£ £zr~ J -3 

^ SSnnfeSac *-V 

135 Sr MoodMocfc IK .. 

SO Hr band 57 -1 

49 Broad St > 

49 BroadSt 30 

178 B uxfea togv 283 

115 «nn0a*l ira V 

185 SHBiKpWkJ ZH -3 

2 Buto AMMcaa 2". . . 

73 CCA f to Pfef M » • 

izs can. Mem i« 

5A CPS Comp 8'+ - 

k cpu comp 37 *3 

1 M evo M 

55 Cu fedoa t a n Off W 

62 Ciaiotocli 83 - • 

86 Cannon SUM tar 1g +* 

213 CantrallV »8 *.. 

84 Cnaonrv Sacs 12 * *3 

10 40 90 
84 50 117 
59 2-1 152 

1.1 80 WJ S 

50 M 52 

150 148V 
415 155 

% £ 

1.1 i7 m» 
180 20159 
HI 13 145 

48 M 
75 33 

37 21 

2S3 UO 
35*. 23 
M3 as 
255 100 
IBB 130 
718V 82' 

62 TO 

63 17 
148 63 
39 23 
110 103 
200 129 

27 12 

34 28b 

115 34 
78 » 
» 25 

178 115 
246 M 
1SB 78 
MB 93 
6b 2 
6b 2 
308 188 
91 90 

43 IB 


-a w 19 

44 11 
54 57 
I .. 20 30 

*0 30 30 


*2 82 12 HI 

11 10 132 

120 70 70 
49 70 114 
10 32 .. 
10b 12 .. 
59 10 154 

40 2.7 117 

110b 52 85 

34 30114 
20 10 140 

14 224 30 
.. • . - 170 

^asr-ssfe 2 i 

120 CtaMaW M8 +W 

Sb J£ ^ 

ns cay 9 iM * 

S Cm+tokfe 34 *3 

4TO oS> 3«7% OT +aa 

70 CkcapiW 2* 

20 40130 
30 12141 
209 60 W0 

II 25149 
.. .. 145 

1S6 111 

27 22 

14 8b 
MB 115 
2 S IBS 
230 IK 

31 11 
115 44 
103 83 

^ ’S? 

32 21 
365 233 


120 ra 
ro « 

370 ..US 33145 

130 .. 

188 11 17 100 

57 +7 

90 29 12144 

24 .. __ .. 

122 .. 19 20 200 

123 .. 45 17158 

112 .. -i .. .. 

2 y *3 &7 18194 


48 17172 
14 10112 


77 11 II 
04 07 .. 
20 40 174 
.. .. -17.1 

11 11 .. 

30 420 .. 
52 27 241 
..a.. 10 

8 -b 04 39 89 

US- 30 22210 

1S5 *.. 11 1-1230 

195 • .. 30 10160 

12 30 SS0 10 

■ ML9 

K *15 .. 

230 * . . 33 35 110 

22b 07 11 174 

3SS *5 13 00330 

189 79 44 150 

B .. 00 

1W *+2 8.0 50 120 

VOS **2 Ut 50 117 

91 +1 25 41 HI 

3S9 4.7 10118 

83 +1 13 20111 

330 -.140 47155 

35 .. 17 11 11 

79 +£ 140 10 117 

-2 20 
-1 11 
*3 11 

• *2 43 

-3 57 

• 40 
*8 ' 19 

•+a 60 

■ -2 20 

• 50 

• .. 45 

*6 20 

• - 08 

+1 17 

.. .70 
*8 11 
.. 1.7 


m at 

61 47b 

21B 155 
141 100b 
101 89 
187 118 
16S 140 
118 90b 
IK 138 
W9 135 
305 237 
370 900 
2M 157b 
148 112 
95 79 

303 217 
51 35 

H2 33 
74 53 

109 60b 
382 280 

TR AunU 99 

rm Qty or Lan Did 50 
In fed 6 G*i 216 
TR nmum nn mi 
TR Nanh America 94 
TO PacHcBaan 177 
TR Praparty 168 
to Taai 109 

TO Truaaaa 171 

TamfOi Bar 149 

13 13 340 
lib 13 272 

17 24 *47 

IS 42313 

18 18 477 

1-4 04 .. 

57 30 41.7 

a 24 514 
BID 54 209 

TXn >0 Saoaad CapSW 
Trans Ocaamc aa 
TrtJuna 142 

+1 110D 42 330 

TnfenU Me 95 

IBMMai 296 

van* me tr 41 

VAM 0 R a ao uraa a 41 
Wawool 63 

Wtai 105 

Vaoman 382 

55 2.7 500 

40 74 +0.7 
17.1 110 80 
9-3 11 5S3 

250 7.1 202 
13 17 319 
20 12 58.7 
1570 41 36-4 



63 SacaTROrSea 
67 SmRfer CDs 

47b 34b 
75 31 
*5 21 
154 118 
3* 13b 

20'. 12b 
156 131 
175 80 

2B6 137 
106 68 
768 375 
94 77 

208 183 
191 75 

SZS 480 
218 153 
440 320 
298 190 

Amancan Enprats 



Eng -mar 



GT Managamant 

Goods (D 6 14) 


MarcarMe Hum 
Paefec In* TM 
SOfefi Naw Court 


SUQAR (Bom C. Czandkow) 

1S2 carta Hooper ia ■■ 

I §0%. j,: 

S3 com BnaraU « 

2i Cota l’ 

21 Cokxgan fee ® *' 

110 Cohyj HnJPdal i» .. 

30 Ooavaon 40 +J 

74 to33Sra__ '« -» 

38 CBna Tim tars « 

20 a oona w w — ara *3 

s sr 53 , 

^ SSS3T » J 

SB cnamtafc 108 

75 Cnuon LodSJA ® 

1M CnVniUfe * ■« 

58 Q**i Iivw ra +5 

75 Oiira ']f • *- 

43 DBETach « 

116 DOT IH isi 

78 DJ Sac Aurrm 1i« « 

35 Daaon *3 

«0 OrAaa ( PY) ** 

55 Don § 9o» *». ra • • 

2D Sa-BrasimM « 

m orator raa * 

-40 ora* ,« 

ns DanciXR _ ’I* 

70 Donmana era 80 ■ ■ 

« Daway taran 

s sssr « 

TO'r taSn " •*'* 

26 Fartr 54 

102 E*»ng QaaOpnet m *+5 

ECOOriC JJ -* 

335 EdfePimd, *2 


10 £1 50 
13 18317 

50 &41S0 

11 2.1 »0 

10 10330 
7.1. 180 280 
64 20111 
17 30W3 
20 20141 
74 H SS4 
0.7a 1A 132 
70 72 B 
20 14170 
50 27230 

244 Btfedga Pupa ‘A 3W 
101 Baeson-Haura ig 
61 BBtmnle DUB 1* J® 
24 &mi Sf 

7 SSamiiraf « 

t22 QDba W 

in eS^HraiHta ws 

}|? RS Gp “ 

V5 10120 
.. <25 
1.7 10 «0 
11 10 18 
14 10 137 

48 MW 
30 40 190 

14 17120 

20 80 03 

£0 15180 
5.4 60 6,1 

117<111 48 
70 30170 

13 10 33.1 

05 3013-1 
20 40147 
11 20 21-7 

14 1-2254 
90 17UL1 
. , a .. 870 
90 2017.7 
40 40111 
22 20110 

208 iffl 
91 73 
140 SS. 
198 133 
62 17 

95 77 
270 160 
150 101 
123 «3 

95 88 1 
176 92 , 

36 B 
; 101 
> 193 . 

l ia 1 

B I 
W 13 I 
176 V35 I 
347 311 I 
136 SS 1 
102 71 I 

no 380 I 
220 B5 I 
47 22 I 

415 < 

157 M2 I 
IBS 1« | 
220 » j 
47 13 I 

we ira j 

101 82 I 
15S 118 I 
SO 25 1 
23b WVI 

4.1 80 11 
58 52 W0 

.. .. 27.1 

30 30120 
50 i* 21* 
29 3417.7 

60 +2 13 49 70 

55 • 4,1 &3 8.1 

tea • .. 50 52130 

S*b +b .. .. 27.1 

101 -e 30 30120 

m@ +18 SM 24 2S4 

B5 +1 20 3417.7 

1U 10 70 00 

179 .. 30b 0.1 150 


90 • .. 11 17 .. 

270 +5 16 24 22.7 

iso *-3 . 100 as m 

O a.. 17 42 15 

KM • .. 14 .14 310 

10 79 09 
18b 8.1 150 

131 • .. . 

m • .. 


28 -2 

175 +6 

323 C 


BO- • .. 

70 *2 

an -3 


39 -1 


IBS -3 

200 • .. 

14 nj l* 

7.T 53 110 
04 80120 

192 125 I 
987 287 I 

« !. 1 
0b Ob 
20 M I 
95 TS . 
77 ra I 

*i IS ! 

ira 5 

IBS 45. I 

185 88 I 

103 -9 


UO +10 

44 • 


68 -2 
171 *+10 

sa a +3 

9b r ... 
1b +b 

40 872M 
54 10 2(0 
40 30 92 

44 54102 
23? .. 20 
00 102 12 
IS 2.1180 
70 201B0 
.88. 50180 
17 40 117 
U . 24 170 

19 08 828 
U 5418 
10. 4017.1 
80 09800 
12 20213 
38 22 350 
70 40100 
.. f .. .. . 

20 10 HI 

19 34143 

U 40 210 
.. .. 74- 

15 11 12 
40 20K0 

.18 05 02 

.. .. 15 

f Tt 

125 m 

2« T75 
260 ISO 
200 TW 
134 111 
120 MB 
185 32 
148 75 
366 194 
205 115 
!» 80 
145 70 
0 S3 
SB 42 
145 113 
BO 30 
ira us 

40 270 

ra 48 

ISO 38 

\n n 

ra m 
» « 
181 ISO 

§ 4U 

b Wr 

20 1011 

37 57102 

a .. as 

40 44 130 
47 72107 
80 32280 


40 80119 

11 U 192 
40 10257 
20 10 15 
24 21210 
15 22180 
80 30 270 
7.7 90 80 
40 18 413 

11 1.1 170 
11 34 223 

7.1 IS 14,1 

38 10 2T2 
30 3J142 

4.1 93 80 
47 38257 
10 40288 
82 38173 
70 13222 
10 12157 

US 8.1 11 
54 74120 
280 40 .. 
40 48 81 
20JQ 60 .. 
84 80 11.1 
10 47150 
23 30 87 
38 11 13Z 
04 18100 

S b 10120 
.. 388 
10 J2MJ 
27 0.7 KM 
LI 10 509 
70 34 2*4 

90 20172 
17 54104 












Feb — — 

, 121.75-2100 


Unofficial prion 
Official Tomcrvar SgmW 
Price mE par m al r ic lonne 
Siver h panes per troy oueot 
Dudaff WWf &Co. Ltd. tafioit 

Cash 9155001600 

Three Months . 941^094200 

VoJ 7000 

Tone Steady 

VGI 2750 

Tone Barely Steady 


Cash 38200-38400 

Throe Months . 392-00-39400 

Vof Nil 

Tone Idta 


Cash 3820038400 

Three Months . 39200394.00 

Voi Nil 

Tone me 

m iimmiM 

Cash 8130061400 

Three Months . 619.0062000 

VoJ 1950 

Tons — — — Barely Steady 


Cash 2S4O2S50 

Three Months 2602-2605 

VtB 120 

Tone Qutet 

Sheep nos. n/a 9b. ave. 

B. 119040 

I nos. n/o %, awe. 



Uve Pig Contract p. per kBo 

Open C3ose 
Unq'ted 10170 
Unqled 103 JO 
Unq-ted 9800 
Unq'iod 9BJ0 
Unqled 9000 
Unq-ted 98J0 


Open dose 
10600 106J0 
. 11150 11150 
15700 163.70 
174.00 18000 
9500 8200 






Pig Meet wb 13 


OJU. Freight Future* Ltd 
report Sio per tedu point 
freight tedax 


kif 1 . * v: 'iri+lii 

AvwagelMMack prices at 
ia pn»MtiO vem»t*etaon 
October 15 

Cash 89200-98500 

Three Months. 918.00-92000 


Tone Quad 

GB: Cattle, 9SL29p per kg tef 

Uve Cattle Contract 
p. per kilo 

«h Open CteM 
unqled 95.90 
Unq-ted 9700 
Unq-ted 10000 
Unqled 10200 
Unq'ted 9950 

Oct 86 7B6.O-7750 
Jan 67 7680-7800 
Apr 87 803.0-797.0 
JM87 717.0-7170 
Oct 67 82O.O0&10 

Jan 88 

Apr 88 


voi- 221 lots 
Often merest 2479 


Sheep 1S443p per kg* 

15 .14 311 

m 84 
17 10 AS 


Cash 31000311.00 

Three Mantes. 305004306-00 

VOI 1750 

Tone Easier 


Cash 5800040000 

VM J® 

Tone — — We 


Cash 6180061000 

Three Motts . 6i5J(Mp6.00 

. 7553p per kg tw 



* eat dead carcase imigfti 

England and Wales: 

Cattle nos. n/a%.ava. 
once. 92Sip(+ 1.05) 
Sheep nos. n/ot, av*. 
price. l2S0Opt+O44} 

P13 nos. nft %. eve. 

E per tome 

Whom Barley 
Ctasa Close 
107.35 10B.O0 

10800 109.60 

111.40 111.80 

113.70 11300 

115.60 — 

10000 10000 

High/Low CJosa 
Oct 96 7700-765.0 7650 

Nov 86 6950 

Dec|6 940.0 

Mar87 S375 

JunBJ 9654) 

Sap 87 9450 

v« 12 lots 

Cattle nos. nyh lb, eve. 

Spot markel commentary: 
Tanker Index: 

7640 denvn 6.0 on 1 4/ 1 0/86 

Dry cargo max: 

7865 down ZO on 14/10/86 







From your jjonfoHo card check your 
eight disc price movements. Add them 
up to give you your overall total. Cheek 
Uns .against the daily dividend figure 

published oo this page. If it matches you 
have won outright or a share of the total 
daily prize money sated. If yoa are a 
winner follow the Hajm procedure on the 
-back of your carl You must ahwys have 
. your card available when chiming- 

Equities bounce back 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began Monday. Dealings end October 24. §Conungo day October 27. Settlement day November 3. 

fForward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

— ^dd' 



Claims required for 
+42 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 


No. Cbapny 



BPS Industries 

i» w mmn a Ha ia *2 m H “5 
aiomo MMiorseM do -a mo 45 hs 

»■ MHdl 
• ft Untoi 
SM 419 Stand Cbart 

til esa IMBB 


E7V • .. 144 HIM 

£ * 3S M! 

an 234 mcc 


to in att 
WO 133 

am T77V 
112 74 
tsz a 
am 277 

318 «3 
2*3 178 
SJ 37 
130 21 
352 2B3 
343 250 
aw i« 

79 40 

1» W7 
55 a 

0«-4i BOHriKM 

El 9 ** 





Please be sore to take accout 
of any minus signs 

Weekly Dividend 

K Oo "A." 

M» QnoklO 
37 QtMKtMh 
an Out** 

am BKnnmM 

43 BeemSeTS* 

293 1C MBH 
MB 92 Fmrt 

si a* ro PwdToat 

22* 158 OBC 

in vo ow w» 

114 so WM Btet 
«3 45 «. 

323 220 UCM* 
229 124 LOOK* 

433 270 WBW 
IBS 128 MtOi 
433 223 Mine 
82 51V Were BS 

tiB sons 
184 UH2 
0.1 • 02 17 
7.1 23 UJS 
1U 25 CL3 
102 7S 15l0 
1M 84 1U 

14 84 ns I « 

wu]5 W 

ujmr a a 


107 81 84 
44 7.1 174 
388 4j0tas 
300 52 12 
HI 54 240 
41 83 H4 

47 JL1 .. 
44 as .. 
as 24 ns 

254 50 92 
84 24 1 V 2 
IS 84 11 J 
84 84184 
82 t) 27 234 
54 44 201 

as at its 
24 34 87 
as 44104 
84 742X4 
84 77 144 

24 14 377 
74 24 124 

54 asna 

.. .. 903 

too CKO 

25 4411.1 

m ss ha 

201 as ns 

20 47 772 
7.1 14 137 

144 14 884 
«7 aSKLI 
102 10H1 
57 64 74 
88 102 74 
102 27134 

74 34 224 
US 44184 
54 44 217 
74 44 ns 
m m .. 

78.1 44124 

4.1 14192 
02 35 124 
14 OS .. 
94 80 204 

207 57114 
157 IS 102 

93 47 MS 
108 42 W 

■ I - . 34 

114 S3 74 
204 83 184 
185 O 12.1 

-no 44 m 

94 81 17.1 
35 21187 
118 84187 

134 03 174 
127 44 1U 
■4b 84 12J 
125 OS 182 
14 14804 

104 54307 
154 44 IIS 
M4 34104 

14 17 94 
8* 37 13.1 

15 14 Its 
07 0517.1 
32 14 194 
54 13 174 

32 W : 
184VT14 I 
tTj 13 
280 180 1 
190 120 

aw in 1 

24V 1K*i 

m in i 

SO 22 
234 U9 
115 448 
54 30*i 




_Oo -K Ud 

n* n 

17V UV 

253 170 

ST" 01 


88 WWWCHwrfl 

105 14184 
«7 5411.1 
54b 52 94 
ai M 277 
U U 52 
84 24103 
IDS 44 101 
21 1.1 202 
. .. 113 

34 XI 137 
24 OJ 154 
54 IS 2*5 
7S» 37 11.1 

u uni 
to OJ .. 
IS ss ss 
IS 57 as 
21 04212 
23 55 IDS 

81 02 05 

89 uns 
ID 17 705 
44 87 1*4 
OK 03152 
84 25 144 
19 22 . 181 
04 24 174 
14 03 184 

81 34107 

34 44104 
17 27 IS 
14 04 .. 
2.1 52 88 

7.1b 08 584 
74 74 82 
14 07203 

54 45 US 
U 1784 
44 24184 

078 09 120 

81 02388 
04 07854 
HB 74 15 
74b 08 113 

24 05 224 
40 24 — 
076 34 114 
57S 44 .. 

82 85 122 
02 14 74 
74 44 134 


44 24174 
04 53 123 

07 IS 32 
21 13 MS 

104 54192 
25 57 25 
94 55 380 

03 24 93 

25 88 183 

80 24212 
03 SS 139 
57 42 45 

81 54 124 

43 14 297 

24 54 81 
43b 82174 
.. .. 122 
74 45 115 
SB Oi 

1 o wmw 

■ « 
m m 


8*0 510 

1*3 M 

so m 

SM 141 



sro » 

80 S 
m 83V 
<B 3» 

81 40 
174 121 
234 « 
84 S 
3tS 207V 



an •+« 


CM 42 
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44* «+7 

215 47 


94 • 

233 043 

2*3 *3 

X20V +V 


134 +2 


TB8 »*S 


210 • 



MV +V 

so • . 

WB -1 
IIS -4 

SO 59137 
IS 14 239 

US 24 122 
25 43394 
44 asna 
143 17180 
05 54155 

84 *7114 
IIS IS 122 

37E 23 .. 
07 1.1 . . 
28 1.1 255 
188 75 ItS 

3S *S 1. 
143 BS 87 
U 5.1 75 
107 01114 
9S 8.1 93 
11.4 44 142 
104 64 17 

85 IS 213 

75 34 U4 
75 04 107 
74 09157 
?S 73 120 
U .. .. 

84 00144 
84 84 125 

19V 13V IMH8T 
90V 56V IHW {MV) 
206 212 Vtftf 
5*0 283 VMM 

130 102 waerPradum 
186 120 VWWfl 
20*V13*V V8M9B 
183 138 VSG. 

2BS 116 W8L __ 
i88 m wamnmtM 

144 m MMItM 0MB 

ns ieo wwsnwa 
505 238 HMpwl 
154 69 WWr 
231 174 QHfcOM 
50V MV mi II 
no 58 wwnd 
in 78 ««HB 
295 210 HMM RMM 
124 82 VMm 

253 177 WUMUO ll 

% £ S B5J&3 

iio tao 

S3 fflWOOdWKtl 
as SB wwxMm Eng 
17* IDO 


cmv +* 

250 *2 

a 88 Oil 

fclTO *4 



121 • 

W5 * - 
WO -1 
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1 M +1 
sr, +*i 
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100 *2 
228 +1 
137 • . 

575 -S 

IK • . 
5« ♦« 


40 ** 

SM 24172 

















30V tri 







BV 43 








i 11V 











HO • 

I’t r _ 
M *9 

V* ■■ 

3 a 
5* *3 

IW . 

VZ •« 


5 -t 


199 •*• 



37 26V 

293 MO 
58 34 

228 177 
28 22 
29V 23 


44 34T77 
24 18*484 
til 34184 
87 24 114 
84 4432.1 

17.1 34107 
104 47 74 

.. .. 218 

13.1 41 8.1 
97 SS 104 

3.1 34 17.1 
87 37189 



123 SI 

*1*1 Z7V 


m m 

3*3 238 
3U 2D 
m oo 
i5« m 
ISO 111 
344 194 

M2 208 

232 IK 
i*2 m 
295 173 
280 2D 
48 23*1 

<8 20 
201 141 
196 14S 

in m 

T2T* 115V 
280 133 
275 175 


201 88 

195 05 

IBS 122 

»1 52 

108 W 
2X7 14* 
120 *8 
320 ZM 

m m 

191 1 
315 150 

515 473 
2*3 133 
44V 22V 

187 81 115 
10 37 140 
17 7.1 ITS 
75b sins 


K8 187 


85 .. 


31 US 


04 .. 


05 MS 


SO 87 


81 .. 






40 «2 

.. a 

.. 980 


64 85 




102 MS 




IS .. 

84 88 


05 .. 


85 117 


BS 76 


7.1 132 


77 .. 


31 117 


86 as 


35 85 


84 65 


81 90 


35 135 










35 120 




95 94 


5 2 95 




tO 275 


as us 

HP. 28V 
2B5 220 
348 223 
15V U 
942 718 
453 351 
957 752 
415 321 

Abbey LM 


Cam Urtoo 





Ian LM bw 
Hnftt McLcn 

IK -3 
ns 1 . +v 
C7M -2 
07 -N 
3*0 -10 

9D2 43 

293 «<4 

2H *0 

2D 943 

348 44 

233 «45 

200 044 

431 *-2 

EWV • .. 

» *43 


784 «43 

383 0*7 

IU 410 

383 9*3 

482 *+1 

405 -6 


SOHHbB 405 -5 KUm 1 

sStfcMw? 584 . 273 * 

San 1*9 574 «-3 354 * 

Ttadc MMcnn** 1B3 m .. u 1 

muT' 492 *43 12S ; 

l aimr iwbrt Tnmta appMf oa Pape 3B 


144 N Bvr 5 WA A* 

220 12 * BnwrtNMl 

52 34 CMxmh 

225 188 CWllM 
410 325 osukn 
52V 40 QRA 
91 ao Hacbugar Brob 
125 93 Hooaon TtBMl 
in M MUM 
103 » .kcana'i Hkfga 
180 137 LM M 
fflS ID MMM 

483 am fbUfUMi 

54 K May urn 
225 131 Saga HoUm 
3D M* SaoMHMn 00 
143 119 SM« Laiaura 
74 SI T Mtw WB 
1*5 nSVZKM 

is • . ns i 

SS % 79 

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an »*8 «a 



132 83 

115 . . 7.1 

41 • .. IS 


150 .. 

313 43 tl.1 , 

491 .. 181 • 

42 .. ..9 

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87 849*3 


03 17317 

OS 04109 

304 5S1M 
08 17147 
.. .. 183 

ITS 07103 
55 54 89 
55 43 153 

14 81 77 

15 80207 

114 81 ns 

57 *18* 
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39 32 
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2« 179 
145 98 
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235 19 



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•-1 97 

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♦IV 54 


-a ms 


+V 74 

42 as 

•43 77b 


-1 25 

























RMArWMi 135 -. 10 07577 

(band MM 450 +* H5 10 15.1 

Kanoafljr BnM 228 *43 24 1.1 117 

La* rob* 8C «4ff 18* 4*167 

Lon IM Hoc* 923 • .. 147 27 157 

Mart Ctatm *5 -1 2.1 05 MJJ 

PdncOfWKeWb m 8.1 8415* 

QMMM 71V •-V 07 39 157 

saw Horn 'A' 3*8 57 14 137 

SBdda ■ B IS 08 TOO 

TVMnanaa FOM 152 -1 7 J 82 18J 









r KVCb nM t 4* 

K'.war in 3V% 

B3V 44V Con* 3V% 

3»V 29VTMB 3% 

9BV 3*VCcmkM2V% 

29V 24VH*>s 2V% 


ijfe 114V -Ran R. 2% 1888 
1&7V WVTraaB L2% 19H 
m UMVTrtM 5 2« WB 
107V B&’.Traea UW KOI 
UPV 93V Tons L2*i« K03 
UOV 96'* Tran 5 2% 2006 
MOV 82VT***» 12 V% 2009 
itlV 17 T)5M1UV»2011 
MV 79VT10M B7*4fc2W3 
89V 93 V TI988 B7V% 2016 i 
100V BBVTraas IL2V82020 

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29*. -V 100 

20, -V 10.1 

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104 43 151 

67 51 97 
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11.1 IS 237 
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151 40109 

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3*1 -IV 

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79 • .. 

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298 •+£ 

179 +8 

17V +V 
358 ■ +3' 

2K +2 

188 r .. 

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tav .. 
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ii.i 40 no 
80 54 254 
87 17106 
257b 45 103 
10 74 87 

1Z0 17 TOJ 

IS 00204 

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HJ 44127 
83 34 HI 
03 12 102 

08 24 83 

304 77 ItS 

130 7* Mgnob 105 

710 ,4m Mndauar 5*p 8B0 

79 59 Mroa niw a Bmnat 64 

86 61 MrSg 74 

1*3 65 SAW 110 

191 108 MMBox 173 

is* m uaooira ms 

81 38 M4*> 78 

79 V 46 Myna COBi ^ ^MV 

1 W Its UM _ ___ tso 

318 212 UargmOvdbla 308 

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2M 135 Nab (S Ml 

41 B Nmaikdi 3* 

153 82 Hawman Tertt* 148 

133 « Noble 6 Load IM 

a sa Hcaon « 

• 2m WO Hoaaca 22S 

2SS T8S OffefMfMM MB 

448 247 Parttar KdoI ‘A 359 

10 BV PanWl JT 210 

•03 383 PMcaon S38 

40 11 PM *0 

143 m Paartem t» 

874 332 Pmtfm lUBnUj' 609 

S20 MO Paound M *33 

14 775 Pboto-Mi CI2V 

08 311 P*»gmn **3 

86 51 Flame Coadr 78 

365 195 PortNa ^ 

330 216 PcnarCMdbwa S» 

3M 238 Ponatttmn 2B 

164 9* Pramateh 1Mg« 105 

180 119 BMP 157 

UB 123 RadMMMI 13S 

BOB 421 Bank Or* 619 

228 IIS II— M 154 

■Of 93 C® Oddgaj 93 

DO 605 Raddo 5 Gotoan 7*1 

2*5 118 Ha BN an DM ^ 

200 fMd EzaesM *ZJ 

363 182 1 . mm an 285 

173 132 FWyon 18B 

91 4* Mndd 49 

QO 3*5 Sa m ara 
40V 21 Ramon 
IK 110 Hmb 
90 53 Renan 

58 19 Wadi 

37 10174 
17 8S 81 
K3 6J10B 
Sl5 32 9L* 
84 17 234 

U U 74 
15 34 as 
57 52 15 

as as .. 

IS 87214 
83 4ST&2 

8.1 IIS MS 
55 53 IIS 

IIS SS 95 
US 4.1 175 
OJ 03 160 
mo 7.1 50 
14 4.1 BIS 
103 78 01 
IjO 09 374 
14 2J 55J 
ns SOHO 

12.1 Of Of 

17.1 45 MS 

90 87 IBS 
206 47 130 

20 0S24S 
02 07 220 
195 40 12* 
4.1 55 137 
10* <1 114 
U 09403 
117 3.1 1*4 
12.1 US 175 

94 4.1 117 

2* 27 210 

223 40 183 

74 4J US 
1.7 15 34 
23S 3.1 109 
20 IS IIS 
64 IS 19.1 

BO 45 135 
29 SS 65 
84 54 120 

64 1.1 360 

14 as 115 
40 34109 
.SO 80 92 
.. • 227 

as 30110 
. 445 
.. .. 11X2 

aa 17 to 

95 83 7.1 

.. .. IS 

11 64 90 

25- 26260 


a a g 


FR Qmp 
Pool Motor 
QW) fRwiACe 

GawErt Motor 

30 75 no 
357a *5 83 

1 0S 127 .. 

107 SJ 124 
35 65 81 

876 37 KU 

17.1 42 170 

.. f .. -- 

IS 35 414 

BOb 84 21 
81 50 270 
85a lO 127 
8* 21302 
9S 45137 
84 IS 388 
SO' 45137 
81 50117 
81 S0 105 

7.1 81 94 
21 1.1 195 
14 33 70 
20b 08 207 
90 IS 187 

170 SS MO 

10.1 45 183 

48 8 .. 

' 47 

W* +10 

142 • .. 



B a .. 

248 a+3 

377 -3 

m r . 

39 -4! 


2 a +i 


75 r .. 

37 +3 


. *l:. 

17J 73 113 

IS as 85 
81 OKS 
70 4.1 180 
OS 14 KJ 

7.1 50 88 

74 35 IBS 

14 a .. 

11.1 45 -ms 

STB 85 84 

75 10185 

17 S 


« SavB Qordwyj 
mbv Scape 
103 SeoaQnaobaa 
m Scot hsrtjabto 
94 Scm A H BWB B 
122 Saartax 
106 . UD A _ 

» StaittyKn 
29 SHbr&g 
73 sa» 

103 saw 
70S 9abe 
32 Sbmda 
180 Smon^j 
33V SbrHrfMad 
388 SkBMay 
26V SXF “Bt 
93 SMllNWa 
» kbunhimmi 
228 Saab* Inti 

s a 

60 Stag Ftrffltar* 

43 9V Comp 
345 3Wall) 

364 MM) 

K Srtnjhd 
170 9Md5a 
86 SmM 
W8 Stotan 8 PB 
IB Sought Swv 
ISO Star 
m Mi PadBe ‘A 1 

12 S)«KD0rt 

aS n"" 

116 TNT 
80 TSL ITanaal 
320 TaCB 
83 Ttkta Qua 
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(( FOCUS 1) 


sgmetf the most prestigions projects at home and abroad last year added millions to onr invisible 

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at work, 
building a 

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The £500 miQioii T hames Barrier, above, built 
by the GLC and an engineering triumph of the 
modem world; the Jing An Hilton Hotel, under 
construction in Shanghai, and, far right, St 
Katharine’s Dock, the business, leisure and 
residential complex by the Tower of London 
which has created several thousand jobs. British 
consultants played a leading role in all projects 

W ater supply in 
Nigeria, nud ear 
power for Can- 
ada, an under- 
ground railway 
in Hong Kong — these are just 
three of the many projects 
which have been keeping Brit- 
ish consulting engineers busy. 
In. Britain, the Thames Bar- 
rier, Heathrow's Terminal 4 
and an automated production 
line for Austin Rover's Metro 
are yet more evidence of their 
work. . Consulting engineers 
are professionals wfao give 
independent advice on an 
matters concerned with en- 
gineering at home and abroad. 

Many of the 1,200 members 
of the Association of Consult- 
ing Engineers form partner- 
ships to provide a wide range 
of expertise, while some work 
alone as specialists in then- 

Together they employ about 
30.000 people, of whom two- 
thirds are technically qualified 
staff. Last year they earned 
£562 million in fees from 
overseas as a contribution to 
Britain's invisible earnings. At 
the banning of the year they 
were working on overseas 
projects in 140 countries 
worldwide to a value of £51 

The expertise of these 
consultants spans all the en- 
gineering disciplines: civil 
structural, mechanical, elec- 
trical, chemical, building ser- 
vices, mining and metallurgy. 

The range of services of- 
fered to their clients includes 
feasibility studies, analyses of 
the technical and commercial 

expertise. One such joint ven- 
ture covering engineering, 
architectural and project 
management consultancy is 
the British Metro Consultants 
Group, comprising 10 con- 
sultancy firms. 

_ At home, co nsulting en- 
gineers are experiencing an 
upsurge in demand for their 
services, mainly from private 
developers, with work cur- 
rently in hand about 20 per 
cent ahead of last year's 
Abroad, the newly commis- 
sioned work in 1985 was 
running, at twice the level of 
the previous year. 

Ffees are negotiated either as 
a percentage ofthe total cost of 
the project or on the basis of 
payment for the work done. 
The preparatory work nec- 
essary before a client assigns a 
project to one of perhaps half a 
dozen contending consultants 
can be expensive. 

How can government help 
consulting engineers to com- 
pete successfully for work 
abroad, thereby benefiting 
employment at borne and, 
increasing our invisible earn- 
ings? The insurance provided 
by tiie Export Credits Guar- 
antee Department gives con- 
fidence to consultants bidding 
for work in countries where 
political unrest or other prob- 
lems may reduce their chance 
of receiving full payment for 
their work. 

Major-General • Peter 
BeUereau, secretary of the 
Association of Consulting En- 
gineers, believes that public 
spending on mfrastructure 
projects in Britain allows his 
members to point to their 

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To mark 2 1 years of the British 
Consultants Bureau, a conference 
opened yesterday at the London 
Hilton, running until tomorrow 

viability of engineering 
projects, project management, 
the recommendation of suit- 
able contractors and assess- 
ment of tenders, monitoring 
quality, materials and finan- 
cial control. 

Sometimes they are called 
on as arbitrators or expert 
witnesses in disputes which 
involve engineering matters 
and one of their main func- 
tions is to prepare and submit 
the detailed engineering de- 
signs required before 
construction can get under- 

Once the contractor has 
moved in, it is the consultant's 
job to supervise the project, 
ensuring that it is completed 
safely on time, within budget 
and to the required standards. 

The work on which they are 
engaged is as varied as the 
engineering expertise re- 

It indudes the construction 
of -roads, bridges and tunnels, 
railways and dams, power 
stations, factories, hospitals 
and harbours, irrigation 
schemes to provide vegetation 
in the desea plant to process 
mined ores, reclamation ot 
land from the sea. energy- 
efficient buildings. 

Ovc Arup and partners. 
Britain's largest consulting- 
engineering practice, main- 
tains branches in many 
countries around the world, 
including Singapore. Malay- 
sia. Zambia and Australia 
with 60 per cent of its earnings 
coming from abroad. 

h. recently completed the 
construction of a headquarters 
for the Hong Kong and Shangr 
hai Bank. On some occasions 
consultants come together to 
irces and ... 

shop window of projects 
successfully completed here 
when bidding for work 

A lack of big projects at 
home can have a negative 
effort on bids for work abroad. 

He says: “The predilection 
here that price is the only form 
of competition is reducing 
quality and the stock of en- , 
gmeering skill in this country. 

"Government seems to be- 
lieve that if you go to three | 
quality consulting engineers, 
you automatically, get a qual - 1 
ity solution, but firms are 
forced to produce engine 
designs to a low price 
reduce standards. In the 
United States the short- 
sightedness of this approach is j 
already recognized. 

"Consulting engineers: 
sometimes win a contract only | 
to find that because govern- 
ment finance is involved, they 
have to take their turn with 
others and delays are in- 

"Assistance for consulting 
engineers could take many 
forms, including tax arrange- 
ments that allow firms to keep I 

the resources required to [iceberg, information is a vital business . asset in todayfc 

A greater depth of understanding. 

TeteceiraiBflicatioBS technology - the tfp of the 

seas, or additional consessions I fast moving economy. It needs to be delivered quickly, 
related to the heavy expen- 

gineers and their families to ^Gy to effective information delivery. 

Wfe are now experiencing a period of great change in 
work in the uk, business is the technology markets and legislation that affect tele- 
communications. The user is therefore faced with choices 
that are neitherfew nor simple. 

Some of the key issues we find are uppermost in the 
minds of our clients are: 

• How can we use telecommunications to achieve a 
competitive edge? - j 7 

booming. Whatever can be 
done to ensure that our 
consulting engineers continue 
to be competitive and re- 
spected throughout the world 
must benefit invisible earn- 
ings and maintain a high level 
of engineering expertise in 
Britain. : ISUajHa^rit 

• How can we be sure that our installed systems 
meet the needs of the business, both efficiently and cost 

• Are our networks and the information carried 
adequately secure? 

• What opportunities do we have to reduce cost and 
enhance performance? 

• How can we plan for the future and forestall 

Making sense of these issues is a challenge. The 
answers lie in applying a practical approach to solving 
problems rather than pursuing theory. 

V^.^fi/hast sniiitinns n^dfidiRnimnudoinPrihirv'clrilK 

in business and in technology are brought together. i : 

Our telecommunications consultants are able to gb£ 
you the benefit of objective professional advice in this j 
specialist field. * 

Our expertise in business and financial management 
as well as in other areas of information technology, i 
enables us to take a broad view, so that the needs df 
the business are met by the technology, not vice-versa. ■-* 

If you would like to share our deeper understanding! 
of telecommunications, and its business perspective, why 
not call Pat-Kieman on 0T-407 8989. 

Price VifntfirbnijJiP -Hi 




E ngineering consultancy is 
Britain's most successful 
long-term ‘professional export' 

Clients throughout the world 
rely on the experience, - 
technical excellence and integrity of members 
of the Association of Consulting Engineers — 
currently working on oversees projects with a 
capital value totalling over £50 billion. 

Meeting place | 
at the heart of 
the billions 


Consulting Engineers 

British consultants earn £1.2 
biQioh a year in professional 
and 1 consultancy services in 
invisible exports. The consul- 
tants responsible for these 
earnings are spread- across 
different professional areas, 
each L with its own professional 
body. •' •*. • 

■ Amoaxfcn afGomokfee Sngnxn. fiSanx Hw Cwtpo Swmc London SW1I H OQL 
TdqtaK <H-ZZ2 6557 Tetac 265871 MONREFG (quoting nS BS tCBXH) 


Yet tliere is a common 
meeting ground for them all, 
the British Consultants Bu- 
reau (BOB),, which now cele- 
brates its 21st year of 

promoting the export of these 

invisible services. Forty thou- 
sand specialist personnel are 
-employed in consultancy 
firms that are members of 

Management, AgricaltmJ Services, Development and Research 

Specialising in the implementation of sustainable 
natural resource development projects. 

meeting project objectives in partnership with 

project staff development and management 

..technical training for extension agents and farmers, 
crop improvement with on-farm adaptive research 
organisation of input supply and credit 
provision of suitable computer technology 
preparation of audio-visual material 

Though the BCB’s roots lie 
in consulting engineering,- it 
rapidly opened its doors to all 
manner of consultants. To- 
day,- the BCB has more than 
300 members, including 
nearly all the leading consul- 
tant engineers, who comprise 
43 per cent of the member- 
ship, and more esoteric 
consultants such as the Wild- 
life Research Centre: 


Dr.-RJVL JarroM 
141 NBe Iffile Rftte 
BeSreRfill 4HY 

Telephone: (0734) 730750 

Telex: 847507 Masdar G 

Cables: MASDAR Wokingham 

The professional expertise 
represented, includes agri- 
cultural management, 
architecture, economics, civil, 
structural, chemical, electrical 
and mechanical engineering, 

I commercial, industrial and 
financial management, plan- 
ning, quantity and land 

There is a significant trend 
in overseas work, particularly 
in aid-funded projects to in- 

volve multi-disciplinary 
teams of consultants. BCB 

teams of consultants. BCB 
affords an important meeting 
place for consultants with 
disparate professional skills to 

discuss opportunities and 
problems. Different interest 
groups are catered for in the 
programme of meetings and 
discussions which cover re- 
gional areas such as the Mid- : 
die East or Asia and the! 
Pacific, as well as a variety of, 
sector interest groups ranging 
from agriculture and rural ! 
development, to tourism, lei- ! 
sure, sport and recreation, * ! 

BCB hosts receptions for 
incoming foreign potential 
purchasers, as well as dis- 
cussions with members of the 
government and trade mis- 
sions. It also plays an im- 
portant role in briefing and 
debriefing British diplomats 
on consultancy opportunities. 

According to Major General 
Ian Harrison, Director of 
BCB, the main aim is “to 
improve and strengthen the 
position of British consultants 
worldwide with not only for- 
eign governments and the aid 
agencies, but- with the British 

The BCB has been active in 
urging the Government to 
provide more support to Brit- 
ish consultants, and has had 
some success in changing 
government attitudes, al- 
though not in areas such as 
overseas student fees. 

The BCB is recognized by 
the Government as the focal 
point of British consultancy, 
but perhaps because of this it 
has taken a rather gentlemanly 
approach to putting forward 
the views of its members. The 
last 21 years have been a time 
of growth for British consul- 
tants working overseas; the 
next 21 years may require a 
more aggressive approach. 

Rough riders: consultants straying and mapping in Tanzania, for rice production 

?« *e tak five MB, r pt 1f , PYT\; rte whn B3«Se*inwf 

ssmes ft I ne experts wno 
sreSKSS do more with less 

World is 


banizauon. philosophy is that planning is 

Harold Dunkertey. a senior a process. Plans should evolve 
adviser at the World Bank over time, and be flexible.” 
responsible for urban projects This viewpoint is dearly 
and poli cies, estimates ihnr by established in practices re- 

tire year 2000, 40 per cent of nowned for their work over- 
tire world urban population seas. Sir Andrew Derbyshire, 

will be centred m one of 450 
cities, most in the developing 
world, each with a population 
of more than ! 1 million: 

Corinne Julios 

In the 1970s, to minimize 
the urban drift, great invest- 
ment was put into trying to 
revitalize the agricultural sec- 
tor. It feited to dam tire flood 
to the cities, and in the last few 
years there has been an in- 
crease m urban projects aimed 
at the urban poor. 

In the 1960s and 1970s the 
approach was to devdope new 
dues m remote areas such as 
Brasilia m Brazil, and Abuja 
in Nigeria. Planners, accord- 
ing to Walter Bor, senior 
consultant at Llewdyn-Davies 
Weeks, are undergoing a 
change in philosophy. 

Once the master urban pfen 
predominated. He said: 
“Plans were products, a means 
to an end. The emerging 

Peat Marwick 


know what they’re 

playing at 

One of the country’s major retail 
groups recently reorganised 

Their objective was to maximise 
revenue per square foot 

To achieve this, they decided to 
give key managers greater responsibility 
for allocating floor space between 

But clearly some way was needed to 
help those involved understand the full 
financial implications of their decisions. 

Peat Marwick Management Consult- 
ants were presented with the challenge 
of doing this quickly and efficiently but 
without putting anyone’s nose out of 

Our solution was a ‘business game’ 
developed by our consultant, using real 
data from one of the company’s outlets. 

So successful was the game that it 
was incorporated into the company’s 
own training scheme. 

This is a perfect example of the 
creative yet practical 

approach we at Peat Marwick bring to 
the whole business of management 

It’s the kind of thinking which we 
have applied to organisations ranging 
from Government departments to 
financial institutions to manufacturing 

And to fields ranging from food to 
tourism, from high technology to mass 

Of course, this kind of thinking can 
only come from the kind of consultants 
we employ. 

At Peat Marwick we carefully select 
our consultancy teams to achieve the 
right balance of sound general man- 
agement experience and specialised 
technical skills. 

That way you can always be sure of 
consultants who know what they’re 
doing. And aren’t just playing games. 


Management Consnhum 


Y.v; h.iw ,s ;v.r.r.;'r I\a: Ma-wick 

chairman of Robert Matthew, 
Jobn5on-Marshall. feels 
strongly that “the ‘big bang’ 
plans are not four-dimen- 
sional, Urey look solely at an 
end slate and can't cope with 
unexpected pressures. Plan- 
ning now is to do with the 
process of achieving, rather 
than a fixed description of an 
end state”. 

This means that British 
planners are today rarely in- 
volved in massive urban- 
development projects. The 

roads, sewage disposal to 
squatter developments. 

The planner in the Third 
Work! is an enabler, a man- 
ager of urban change and this 
will be a major theme at the 
BCB conference in London 
this week. 

The major blockbuster 

important indeed. 

Michael Weibank, chain-' 
man of SbankUnd Cox. says: 
“Wc axe working on a huge 

number of small projects, 
which are more difficult to 

plans were rarely successful. 
Third-worid governments 

Third-world governments 
could not maintain prestige 
developments, which w ere o f- 
ten monuments to emergent 
nationalism of little benefit to 
the population. 

The economic depression 
has put a brake on large-scale 
plans previously funded by a 
mix of national and aid 
schemes. Funding is now 
predominantly through aid 
agencies such as the World 

planner has become actively agencies such as the world 
involved in taking account of Bank and the Asian Devdop- 
the development of new jobs ment Bank, whose own ani- 

and businesses, integrating 
houses with jobs and putting 
employment where people 
are. The emphasis is on 
helping the urban dweller to 

tudes to development have 
undergone radical change in 
the last decade, as seen in the 
World Bank Urban Division’s 
report. Learning by Doing 

help himself by providing the (1982). 

structure, services and low- British planning consultants 

cost building materials, like, find themselves bidding for a 
for example, bringing water, far greater number of smaller 

which are more difficult to 
manage. It requires greater 
internal flexibility. We sow - 
employ more senior people . 
and there is less opportunity 
to develop junior staff” 

It leads, says Mr Wefooak 
“to pfenning on the hoof”, a 
less hidebound attitude of 
planners, which can make it 
difficult for consultants to 
readjust to the slow bureau- 
cratic planning process m the.. 

British planning consultants 
axe held in high esteem 
abroad. Walter Bor says: “We 
also brings an experience of 
having to do more with test. 
The recession helps, we under- 
stand the problem of not 
having resources and bow to 
handle this.” 

Despite keen competition 
from the Japanese, French 
and Germans, who receive 
their own extensive govern- . 
ment backing, the British are 
holding their own. 


The new money-go-round 

The financial services in- 
dustry. a jewel in the UK 
overseas earnings crown, with 
receipts totalling £7.6 billion 
in 1985. is moving into a 
challenging era of upheaval 
Within two weeks, the Gty’s 
Big Bang will remove tra- 
ditions and practices that have 
lasted for more than a cenruty. 

Out will go fixed commis- 
sions and the strict separation 
between brokers and jobbers. 
In will come price com- 
petition and a new institution: 
the one-stop-shopping finan- 
cial conglomerate housing 
broker, jobber and merchant 
banking functions under one 
roof.International banks 
standing on vast capital bases, 
they will be the leading players 
in the world's top financial 

Tied up with the Big Bang, 
the Financial Services Bill is 
to become law next year. This 
will embody a complete over- 
haul of the legal framework of 
the securities industry. It will 
make it a criminal offence for 
unauthorized persons to carry 
on investment business in 
Britain. The Bill proposes a 
system of self-regulation in the 

The objective has been to 
increase investor protection 
without jeopardizing 
London’s reputation as an 
innovative financial centre 
free from onerous 
restraints. Overall responsibil- 
ity for the new City regula- 
tions will fell largely to the 
Securities and Investment 
Board (SIB). Day-to-day 
administrations will be han- 
dled by a several industry 
bodies, SROs, whose job will 
be to ensure that members 
comply with the business 
conduct and capital adequacy 
rules now being drafted. 

For some areas of the 
financial services industry, the 
Bill will have no direct effect. 
Lloyd's and Britain's general 
insurance industry,- which to- 
gether are the biggest contrib- 
utors to the sector’s overseas 
earnings collecting £3,3 1 8 mil- 
lion in 1985, will be outside its 
reach. But for others, like the 
mainly UK-based life-assur- 
ance and unit-trust industries, 
the Bill has meant a dramatic 
re-think in the way products 
are marketed. 

Yet the difficulties faced by 
some sectors have presented 
commercial opportunities for 
others. Accountants, in 
particular, are among the best 
placed to benefit from the 

In recent years, accoun- 
tancy firms have been success- 
ful in developing the 
consultancy side of their work. 
Coopers & Lybrand earned 25 
per cent of its £ M 9 million fee 
income from consultancy in 
1 985-86. according to a recent 

Less than 30 per cent of fee 
income earned by the top 
accountancy firms now results 
from the traditional auditing 
function. Though .no precise 
figures are available, account 
tants through their link-ups 
with firms abroad, are thought 
to be significant earners of 
overseas income. 

The Big Bang should also 
result in an increased volume 
of management consultants 
work. The speed with which 
changes have been made in 
the City has forced some hasty 
. alliances. Accountants will be 

trying to capitalize on the new 
requirements of conglom- 
erates for organizational, 
structural and systems advice. 

The changing legislative cli- 
mate has already bad a 
commercial spin-on for some 
accountancy firms. The in- 
dustry SROs have relied 
heavily on their services in 
drafting business rules which 
meet the requirements of the 

But also on the horizon is a 
new batch of banking legislar 
lion and the BuildingSodeties 

Act Here auditing will take on 
an important rote in supervis- 
ing the interest of investors. 

The future then should be 
rosy but there ate concerns. 
Some firms will need to 
examine how they separate 
their own activities— auditing 
and corporate finance work 
are potential areas of conflict 
— and there may be regutaiory 
problems for firms offering an 
investment counselling 


Mary Bogan 

H C 1 

\ \ 


John Foord 



consulting materials engineers 
quality management consultants 

International Services 

Structure Investigations 
Performance Modelling 
Geotechnical Evaluation 
Source Inspection 
Laboratory Management 
Environmental Monitoring 
Quality Assurance 
Materials Engineering 

Offices and Laboratories in: : - j 

Hong Kong, Singapore, Malaysia, Australia, Saudi Arabia, 
Indonesia, Bahrain, Malta and United Kingdom..'. 


Douglas Caldwell 
BScflEng), FICB, FIQA 

, Fo *S? Lan^Elrtrae, Herts WD* 
Teh 01-237 3191, Tdes; 922262 TESLAB G, Fax: 01-207 



preparing a DEVELOPMENT strategy?" 

assessing INVESTMENT projects? 
formulating ENVIRONMENT policy? j 

* * tfr? 

: i m 

Overseas or in UK 

you can call on the experience : of 


-M I. — - 


+ I 


The Association of Consultant Planners. 
42-46 Weymouth Street London WlA 280 

telex 8812307 

fox 01- 24Q 9595 





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Boom time for the management man 

Surveying from the shade: a Briton works in improvized comfort in Saudi Arabia 

Big bang year for surveyors 

Chartered surveyors wQl look 
back on 1986 as a watershed 

'The. 'Royal' Institution of 
Chartered Surveyors has al- 
lowed the firms of its 55,000 
members to seek outside fund- 
ing. Overseas «mmgt mil 
pass £100 mill ion. (Last year 
the figure was £99 million, a 
rise of £7 million-pins on 

Surveyors come in assorted 
guises — in estate agencies, as 
quantity surveyors and in 
buHding surveying — and work 
in at 'least 140 countries 
around the world with British' 
and local companies. They can 
be found, mapping for rice 
production in Tanzania, 
surveying for gas plants in the 
United Arab Emirates and 
managing the construction of 
Citibank s new branch office 
in Brazfl. 

Pressure for a broader 
money base was behind the 
derision pennittmg outride 
Investment in practices, taken 
by foe R1CS in July (still to be 
approved by the Privy Coun- 

Now, without compromise, 
members can invite "inter- 
national banks, insurance 
companies and other sources 
of trainee to co-invest In their 
firms. In effect, the R1CS vide 
on incorporation allows .a 
partnership to become a lim- 
ited-liability company with 
outside shareholders, who can 
be known funders (such as 
banks and pension lands) or 
investors sought through the 
Stock Exchange. Surveyors 
keep control over professional 

Ultimately the decision 
could affect overseas sector 
but initially, said Phiil Or- 
chard-lisle, duff fexecufive of 
chartered, surveyors Healey 
and Baker, the impact is hesng 
felt here. 

Even before the announce- 
ment, Lloyds Bank bad taken 
over Black Horse agencies, the 

Prudential Insurance group 
bad stepped into the rone 
business and so had Hambros 
in buying Mann & Company 
and Bairstow, Eves and form- 
ing Hambro Countrywide. 

Tbe implications are ob- 
rioos— people who- buy houses 
need financial services, from 
loans and mortgages to insur- 
ance policies. 

Though Mr Orchard-Lisle 
was president of RIGS at the 
time of tbe rule change, has 
own firm has not yet felt the 
need to go with this mod- 
ernization, although compet- 
itors have. They include the 
City-based firms Baker Harris 
Saunders and Collier & 

Bet Michael Pattisoo, the 
secretary general of RIGS, is 
optimistic that the move comes 
at an opportune time, along 
with the Big Bang, the Flnan- 
rial Services ffiO and tbe 
Building -Societies Act. He 
talks in positive ten ns el 
multiple ownership with sad) 
huge price tags attached to big 
dty buddings that few invest- 
ment funds could support a 
development on their own. 

Healey & Baker is in no 
hurry to. change. It is a 
partnership of 23 surveyors 
(all male) established in 1820, 
and with nearly 450 employ- 
ees. Most are in. Britain but 
the number abroad, about 60 
brings in a healthy share d 
profits. Tbe first foreign office 
was in Paris, established in 
1971, followed fay Brussels, 
Amsterdam and New York. 

Barii of the foreign com- 
panies is affiliated to tbe 
parent company bat seni- 
autonomous, with its own local 
tax responsibilities- That is 
especially vital in the United 
States, ' when the laws of 
fiabOity can result in threats of 
litigation, winch Healey & 
Baker has so for avoided. 

Mr Ochard-lisle said: “In 
the United States we are 
mainly working with devd- 

Consultants . Investors 

Within developing countries, DFC has a solid 
reputation for implementation and the achievement 
of positive results in; . . 

• public sector enterprise rehabilitation 

• privatisation and raising capital 

• corporate finance; acquisitions and 

• banking and portfolio improvement 

• general efficiency and management 

if you wish to find out more about our activities 
contact Robert Foldermans or Adrian Ford at 

DFC, 141 Drary Lane, LONDON WC2B 5TD, U.K. 
Tet 01 .836.34.24. Telex: 27291 Devfin 6 

opera from the UK, seeking 
outlets there. Both Athena 
Prints and Knobs and Knock- 
ers want to set up small shops 
— we are helping them begm. 

Surveyors from tiie firm are 
advising d ev elo p ers b At- 
lanta, Phoenix, Tampa and, in 
the West, San Franasca. Once 
a base is established, pro- 
fessionals infiltrate the local 
scene, inevitably training some 
fixture competitors. 

Mr Orchard-Lisle is look- 
ing in another direction. “By 
doing business with Japanese 
firms here,** he said, “we 
might grin access to the 
Japanese market." 

Ann Hills 

The fastest-growing sector of the 
consultancy industry, in Britain and 
abroad, is management- consultancy. 
The image or the management 
consultant stopwatch in hand, has 
long faded; it is considered a re- 
spected profession. 

Management consultancy- is a 
boom industry. Tbe Management 
Consultants Association (MCA), the 
association for the larger practices, 
-estimates that its members' income 
rose from £98,139.006 in 1984 to 
£142^32,600 in 1985, and that the 
number of consultants they employ 
rose in the same period from 2,902 to 


The types of otganfeations that 
need the services of management 
consultants are increasing and so are 
the range of specialist services the 
consultants have to offer. 

The boom dates back to the early 
1980s, when cash Dow and.prafits in 
the private sector were severely 

Companies were p ared down ruth- 
lessly, often in tbe seemingly non- 
economical areas of perso n ne l , 
training a nd manag ement ctevefop- 
menL Operators were restricted; to- 
day ' the companies are lean and 
profitable. They have a reduced 
workforce, but suffer a shortage of 
specialist skills. Companies now ac- 
cept tbe oeed to acquire that expertise 
.in discreet quantities, h has become 
increasingly acceptable to buy in 

There is, said David Morris of Peat 

Marwick Management Consultants, 
“a willingness to spend ro get tbe right 

answer.” In 1985 association mem- 
bers found that private-sector work 
bad risen by 50 per cent This was 
brought about, Mr Morris said, by a 

combination of economic and politi- 
cal stability combined with compet- 
itive instability. 

Companies are searching for ways 

to get a competitive edge. Many 
organizations see the way forward 
through tbe use of information 
technology (IT) and need the services 
of management consultants in its 
selection and implementation. 

There has been an enormous 
growth in the use of IT. In financial 
terms IT accounts for a third of ail 
association members' work. 

IT involves not only the selection 
of systems and technology, but how 
to understand and implement new 
management information and moti- 
vate managers and staff to respond 
positively and effectively to its use: 

multi-disciplinary, but at the same 
time they have had to develop their 
own new specialist divisions and to 
increase their client base. The trigger 
points have been IT, recruitment and 

Work overseas has to some extent 
mirrored the UK pattern. In 1985 
association members earned 
£26.280.000 (a 25 per cent increase 
over 1984) from work overseas, 
although this year the increase has 
been more modest 

The EEC accounts for £10 million, 
the rest of Europe £3 million, the 
Middle East and North Africa £4.5 
million, Africa south of the Sahara £4 
million and North America and the 
Far East £2 million each. 

Brian O'Rourke, director of the 

National boundaries seem to be shrinking, partly 
as a result of the needs of the multinationals 

A further stimulus to expansion has 
been the Kg Bang. Financial work 
from, feasibility studies to strategic 
planning and recruitment has beat a 
maim' source. 

growth for management consultants 
is the public sector. Tbe boom 
originated in tbe )980s with tbe 
Government's value-for-money 
policy .The association reports puWic- 
sector work up 30 per cent in 1984. 
There has been an enormous growth 
in cost-cutting exercises, but prepara- 
tion for privatization has also meant 
a ready market for skills that help to 

values, attitudes and beliefs. 

The new growth areas have forced 
management consultants to become 

association, is encouraged by the level 
of overseas activity and the develop- 
ment of new marketsJhTtahi has been 
successful for several reasons. Fust, 
with Comm on wealth countries there 
are traditional trading links and the 
structure of tbe k£a) system and para- 
statal and utility companies are 
similar to those in Britain. 

Tbe English language is a major 
selling factor and it seems that the 
British management consultancy in- 
dustry is more overseas-orientated 
than its international counterparts. In 
addition, consultants dasm tint Brit- 
ish consultancy is more advanced 
than than tint of most of its 

The nature of management con- 
sultancy in the developing world is 

changing mindly. This is parity 
because of World Bank policy, which 
ts moving from large-scale, capital- 
intensive projects, to institutional 

The Middle East, despite a dip in 
the market remains a demanding area 
for consultancy, with funding coming 
from private and state sectors. How- 
ever. Europe remains the main 
trading area, despite national vari- 
ations often based on legal and social 

The problems are much the same, 
although there is one area in which 
British consultants differ from their 
European counterparts.TraditionaJly 
in Britain many of the larger practices 
are offshoots of accounting and 
auditing firms. 

Since a Department of Trade and 
Industry consultative document. 
British firms may be pushed into 
- separating their auditing service from 
their management consultancy arm. 
This has not been well-received 
within the indnstry and is Ukdy robe 
vigorously opposed. 

National boundaries, however, 
appear to be shrinking, partly as a 
result of the needs of tbe multination- 
als. Increasingly in many sectors there 
is a global market, for example in 
banking. The spread of IT is also 
hastening this blurring of national 

This new internationalism may 
well be discussed at the first Inter- 
national Congress of Institutes of 
Management Consultants, which will 
be held in Paris next spring. But at 
present it is the larger practices with 
overseas offices who have the edge on 
their smaller colleagues. 



Sheppard Robson : Architects 

77 Parkway. Camden L °ndon NW1 7PU 

Telephone 01-485 4161 Telex 2Z157 

Whena well versed management con- 
sultancy is requited you need look no further 
than Ernst & Whinney. 

For we’ve established ourselves as a 
force to be reckoned with by blending 
together teams of specialist advisers with 
the relevant industry experience. 

Wfe work in a variety of fields, being 
particularly experienced in Treasury, Finan- 
cial Management, LT., Business Strategy 
and Manufacturing Operations. 

Our skills lie in providing creative 
solutions, be they fix solving existing business 
problems or to facilitate growth. 

An initial meeting will cost you nothing. 
But in the long-term it could prove to be 
priceless. For an informal meeting call 
Gareth Jones on 01-928 2000. 

Ernst &Whinney 

Accountants, Advisers, Consultants. 

Becker House.! Lambeth Palace Rsad, London SE1 THJlTHs 01-918 2000. 






















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W ilb Big Bang 
approaching, one of 
the less-considered 
effects of financial 
market liberaliza- 
tion has been its impact on the 
career aspirations of final-year 

Last year, the proportion of 
final-year undergraduates who 
said that their most-desired career 
field was in the City was only one 
in 20. This year, influenced per- 
haps by media reports of mega 
salaries, this proportion has dou- 
bled to one in 10. according to the 
annual survey conducted by the 
Market & Opinion Research Inter- 
national (Mori). 

Sponsoring companies use the 
survey to gain an understanding of 
the priorities in caree r choi ce and 
the influence on undergradua tes 1 
career 'decisions. A ckar under- 
standing of the career selection 
and search process is essential to 
any company recruiting very 
many graduates and perhaps the 
most important requirement is to 
be aware of the competition. Some 
companies who primarily recruit 
engineering students tend to 
switch 'off when the City is 

mentioned. They may be in- 
terested to know that this year one 
in 10(10 percent) is considering a 
City career. 

The analysis of these research 
findings examines high-flyers, the 
top lv per cent of graduates, in 
terms of degree expectations, sal- 
ary expectations, aqd selfdefined 
personal qualities which suggest 
confidence in their own ability. 

High-flyers are likely to be 
important to graduate recruiters 
because their management poten- 
tial and dynamism can be applied 
in any sector. 

Examining the priorities of 
high-flyers, it is not clear that, 
more than any other group, they 
are beading for the Gty. In all, a 
quarter are considering such a 
career and for one in six (17 per 
cent) h is their first choice, making 
the City the roost popular career 
choice among the country's most 
sought-after students.. 

Obviously, the enormous pub- 
licity that has surrounded Big 
Bang has helped to create interest 
in a City career but the most 
critical factor is money. Among 
students wishing to pursue a City 
career the average starting salary 

In the year of the Big 
Bang, more graduate 
high-flyers than ever 
are heading for 
careers in the City, 
says Paul Vittles 

expected is £8,650, which is 15 per 
cent higher than the average. 
High-flyers expect even more 
(£9,420) but this is partly due to 
the inclusion of starting salary 
expectations in the definition of 
this group. 

At the age of 30, final-year 
undergraduates whose first-choice 
career is the City expect to be 
earning an average of £25,000 by 
the time they are 30 — 38 percent 
more than the average student and 
£2^00 more than the average 
salary expected by high-flyers at 
their age. 

Furthe r more, two in five final- 
ists wishing to work in the City (43 
per cent) and a third of high-flyers 
(32 per cent) describe themselves 
as “motivated by money". 

The apparent difficulty facing 

companies in the financial sector 
is keeping np with the salaries 
currently being offered, particu- 
larly by American backs. The 
temptation for many companies, 
both in and out of the financial 
sector, is not even to try to 
compete on salaries because they 
cannot afford to pay the going 
rate. So how else can they compete 

for high-flying graduates? 

The important news is that in 
terras of importance in their 
c are er choice "a high starting 
salary" is ranked only ninth 
among final-year undergraduates, 
and even among the hi$h-fiyep 
two other foctors are considerably 
more influential than money. 

Compared with 36 per cent of 
high-flyers who consider “a high 
starring salary" as an important 
factor in their choice of career 57 
percent want a career which offers 
“responsibility’ 1 and 63 per cent 
look for “a sufficient intellectual 

Even among finalists wishing to 
enter the City, starting salary 
ranks fifth, behind the provision 
of an “inteUectual challenge^, 
“long-term career opportunities" « 
"training which gives you a valu- 
able and marketable asset" and 
“the opportunity for rapid 
promotion”. Hence there is scope 
for competition even where com- 
panies cannot pay the salaries on 
offer by some in the. City. 

In an increasingly competitive 
market, with declining numbers of 
graduates coming on to the mar- 
ket. the important lesson for 

Expected starting 
salary sourc****** «owwj 

w R#»«rohtnwm«nond 

EH AO finalists 

□ First choice caraeKlhe City 

H High flyers 

ESfiSO 891420 
£7,500 28,650 

October 16, 1986 

Salary exp«ct*d 

at *9* 30 _ 

■ . rvwoo 


graduate recruiters is to be aware 
of the competition and the activ- 
ities of the competition. Com- 
panies in all sectors need io 
appreciate that the City is a major 
rival in the graduate market and 
the major rival in the market for 
the most talented graduates. 

They need to be aware that the 
financial sector is recruiting ear- 
lier, usually in the find ram. with 
a cash bonus for early acceptance, 
of offers with the amount declin- 
ing as the candidate ponders. 

Big Bang is likely to create more 
openings for talented graduates 
and the City will no doubt 

continue to satisfy foe desires of 
money-minded graduates. 

After assessing the compdtfrfotu 
companienmisi took to their own 
strengths and weaknesses. The 
question is whether thev can ratify 
the desires of graduates for 
intellectual stimulation and 

If nou it boils down to' two 
outcomes - pay the money or pay 
the consequences. 

Paul I’itiks is a research executive 
at Mori and responsible for its 
annual survey of final-yea' 

Appointments Phone: 01-481 4481 


Appointments Phone: 01-481 4481 



35 New Broad Street, London ECSfVJ 1 MH 
Tel: 01-588 35SB or 01-58B 357S 
Telex Mo. B87374 Fax Mo. 01-633 9216 


A demanding appointment Scope exists to reach the Board within 12-36 months. 


CITY £28»G00-£37,000 

This vacancy calls for candidates aged 35-45, qualified AC.I.S. who have achieved at least 5 years practical 
experience covering company secretarial, administration and some personnel responsibilities. The successful 
applicant wiS report to the Executive Chairman, and responsibffittes will cover handting the Group's Secretarial 
requirements, basic legal work, general administration and personnel and P.R. for this busy head office. A strong 
commercial awareness and the ability to work to exacting standards and to contribute sufficiently to warrant reaching 
the Board in the short term is important Initial salary £28,000-£37,000 plus car, rxxi-ccntributory pension, free file 
assurance, free BUPA and assistance with removal expenses, if necessary. Applications in strict confidence under 
reference GCS4446HT, to the Managing Dsector: CJA. 

An inyortarrtposftfon^gcopetobscowfe Managing IMrecfcy of a new aid?skfl»y~ora Director of the UK Group. 




Applications are invited from carxfdates aged 28-38 who have acquired a minimum of 3 years' practical experience 
running a profit centre in the contract hire field in an organisation utffising modem control methods. The successful 
candidate wM take responsfoffity for the development from early stages, of the contract hire business as a division 
within ttie company, which wffl involve the estabfishment of computerised ad mi nistration systems, further product 
development and leaefing the market operation for a national network. The key quafities of commercial acumen and 
dedication, to develop and lead a successful new operation, are vitaL- Initial salary negotiable, £24,000-£32,000 + 
bonus + car, co n tributory pension, free fife assurance, medical insurance, assistance with removal expenses, if 
necessary. Applications, in confidence, under reference MCH4445fTT, to the Managing Director: CJA. 

Akey position wfth scope for pereonM development wfthtn an inter na tio na l env ir onmen t 






We invite applications from candidates, preferably aged 28-35, but those with very closely aSed experience outside 
this bracket will be considered, who have acquired at least 3 years practical successful experience in the international 
compensation field. The appointed candidate will report to the Group Personnel Director and wiB be responsible for 
reviewing management job evaluation systems, their continued up-date, ensuring compensation arrangements are 
competitive and performanoe,prieoted world-wide and the computerisation of personnel data for the Group’s midcBe 
and senior management Some overseas travel wil be necessary. The abffity to communicate luricfiy and persuasively 
at afi levels and to set commercial priorities is important Knowledge of the HAY systems is essential. Initial salary 
negotiable, £23,000-£28,000 + car, contributory pension, free He assurance, free BUPA and assistance with removal 
expenses if necessary. Applications in strict confidence under reference ICM4443/TT, to the Managing Director: CJA 

35 NEW BUM Smsr, imXM ECW MB. THffMME: 81-588 3588 BR B1-588 3578. THE* 887374. 11* 0I-2SB 8501. 


Senior Safety Advisor 

High-Tech Research Laboratories 

East Anglia up to £16,000 

British Telecom's Laboratories afMarfieshom in 
East Anglia have a woridwWe reputation as a 
centre for advanced Telecom rmmlcations 
research and development 

Ws now need a Senior Safety Advisor wrfh 
a broad technical background to advise staff at 
aU levek on maffert relating foheafh and safety - 
Research at this 100 acre site includes microwave, 
loser and submarine systems, mkro-rirourt desiepi 
and production, and processor controlled systems. 
^ The successful candidate will be 

- responsible for reviewing new practices and 
processes to establish safe working methods; 
implementing statutory and local inspection 
procedures; investigating accident causes and 
recommending methods for prevention. You wffl 
lead a small specialist team of one Safety Advisor 


who has specific responsibility for chemical safety, 
and a fire Protection Manager with responsibility 
for all aspects of fire precautions, including the 
operation of an emergency unit with a two- 
vehfcfe rescue and fire-fighting team. 

To apply you wiU be graduate (or 
equivalent) in an engrieering or science 
discipline, and have wide experience in the safety 
field -induding, preferably, a safety orientated 
professorial qualification. 

The post is located in a delightful area of 
the East AngEa countryside within easy reach of 
the lively towns of Ipswich and Cokhester. 
Appfoofon forms are avaitable from 

Wendy Beiry on R33EFONE 3920, 

British Telecom Research Laboratories, 
Martiesham Heath, Ipswich, Suffolk IP5 7RE. 



i . . 

Vj Vj .■ iVi- *. 

Research Psychologist 


Rediffusion Simulation Limited, a sub- 
sidiary of the Rediffusion Group, has 
established an enviable reputation as a 
world leader in the design and manufacture 
of flight simulators and computer-based 
training equipment. 

A vacancy now exists Tor a Research 
Psychologist to join a multi-disciplinary 
team conducting research into the 
application offnteOigem Knowledge Based 
Systems to flight simulation. This research 
is being undertaken as an Alvey Project in 
conjunction with two industrial partners 
working in allied fields. In addition, the 
person appointed will have the opportunity 
to develop an area of training expertise 
within the company, as well as contributing 
to on-going projects in the use and design 
of simulator visual and motion systems, 
instructor facilities and stand-alone 
computer-based training devices. 

An honours degree in Psychology is an 
essential cpjalification. In addition, 
experience in one or more of the following 
areas would be an advantage: simulation in 

training, instructi on al systems design, 
human skills and decision-making, MAffl, 
intelligent systems. 

Reporting to the Research Manager, the 
appointed Psychologist wffl be expected to 
liaise with company personnel, with other 
companies involved in the collaboration 
and with customers. A high level of 
personal motivation and effective 
communication skifls are therefore 

Salary wifi be commensurate with grade 
and in addition, there is a generous . 
company benefits package, 
in the first instance, please write indudinga 
comprehensive CV, or phone Katie Thorpe 
in our personnel department for an 
application form. Alternatively, ring Carols 
Heaton, Principal Psychologist in the 
Research Dep artm e n t (Crawley 353S5). for 
an informal discussion about our 

Rediffmton Simulation Limited, Gatwfck 
Road, Crawley, Sussex RH19 2RL Tab 



‘7 didn't realise CIVICS are in at the top providing 

Central London 

To £35,000 + benefits 

the CMG Group has been providing management, information 
related services for over 20 years. 

Consultants to 

it market we are now seeking additional Ma 

ate our position and capitalise on our success ai 

Degree qualified, aged 28-38. It is essential that successful candidates 
have at least 3 years' recent IT consultancy experience gained 

with a well known and respected management consultancy. It is 

also essential for these candidates to have a successful track 

record in aD aspects of the DP prq)ect life cycle. 

A thorough knowledge of financial markets including banking, 
insurance and Inves tm e nts would be a definite advantage. 

To the ambitious professional with potential, these positions offer a hteh degree 
of responsibility and involvement. They represent a rare chaHenge with the 
opportunity for individual reward and career progression based on ability. 

The salary is 

indudes n en- 

tree family BUPA: free health insurance; free life 
x salary); up to 41 days holiday pa.; and employee share purchase 

To find out more please forward your CV to 

CMG Management Consultancy Limited, 29 Queen Anne's Gate 
London SW1H 9BU. Aftamatfvefy caO Mr F Robson or Mr p Jtvralani 
on 01-222 7007 <24 hour answering service). r -nvrepmi 

lust because you are out of ai 
doesn't mean there isn’t 

a job out there for you! 

Many people assume that it is 
fenpossfole to find The rigtt job for me." 

Ks so natural tomartaha Bartered 
view afyour own potential that Ks . 
hardly apprising if you tea to achieve 
your tree potential 
Chusid lander can change an that 
We are a ©oup of specialist career 
consultants whose sole function is 
to guide executives and professional 
people to achieve their personal and 
financial ambitions. 

We guarantee that we win commit 
our time and effort until you are 
satisfied that your career objectives 
have been realised 

Then you can reaBy celebrate! 

Fbr thirty years we have been 
striving for the best 
Nowife your turn! 
j fijephon e us to arrange a 
confidential personal assessment 
without obfigation, or write to: 

The Administrate; fief C/10/1 
3Ey37 RtzrOy St London WlP 5AF 
"'enclosing a brief career summary 

BIRMINGHAM 021-6438102 
BRISTOL 0272 22367 
MANCHESTER 061-2280089 
NOTTINGHAM 0948 37911 
GLASGOW 041-332 1502 
BELFAST 0232 621824 








-V l' 

./• l 


Ass °oati<mofBriti i h-Ihn,1 





^sa assasa^g 


The Director General advises the Councils on 

Age 45-55 with a good degree. At least lOyeare* 
experience is required as General Manager in an 
administrative body, trade association or commercial 
organisation as well as experience of negotiating with 
the Government and of presenting association policies 
to the media. A record of formulating industry strategy 
in a changing environment would be very desirable. 

Salary negotiable but would not be a limiting factor 
for the right candidate, plus good executive benefits. 

Write in confidence to Michael Springrrum, 


14 Bohon Street, London W1Y 8JL. 

•> sv \ :* 

r>‘- -t ■■■ . 

r-. ■ 


-i i ;r.'. rc ■ i.'.rti'T.'fc 
H *i .*(. Tf- 






The' person we are 
kig experience 

Up to £18,500 

London Regional Transport befieves that design makes a major con- 
tribution to providing standards of service tor customers and of 
working condttons tor employees, in a wide variety of projects, 
throughout LRT operations, there is consfcferabto scope tor deratap- 
merit of design standards to enhance UTTs services in design related 
issues such as Underground station modernisation. fighting, passen- 
ger i nfo r ma tion systems, hardware design etc. 

A Project Manager is required to assist the Design Director in manag- 
ing the working retobonsHpe between Design OonsUtants end Destoi 
Protects tor LRT and its subs idia r ies. The Project Manager wffl be 
responsible for ao l ocUu g and managing consultants far design tasks 
which have been identified, and tar ensuring that agreed work a 
'mplementBd to the rigpt sta n d ards ol quality, cost and timescale. 

looking for wH have several years’ practical work- 
in the fields of environm en tal design, 
design and/or in formation design. Formal aca- 
demic VdNng to Masters Degree level or equivalent is desirable: at ; 
least one major professional quafificahon (eg SIAD, RIBA, I Mach E ot 
comparable) m e s s ential 

This is an excefiem opportunity to tom a smaB highly enthusiastic team 
where there wffl be real opportunity to exercise professional creative 
judg em ent and make a mayor contribution to the alandards of passary 
gar service provided by LRT. 


Among other benefits we offer FREE TRAVEL on LRT services and 
valuable travel concessions on British Rail for you and you famty. 
Please phone tor an application form on 01-227 3666 or write to 
Central Personnel London Regional Transport, 55 Broadway, London, 
SW1H OBD quoting Reference No CDV 7338/E. 


m i 


• 4* . ****\ 




■)\ f . 




As one of the most successful Fina n cial/ Accountancy 
Recruitment Consultancies in the marfa etjrfac e, we have buOt 
our on providing a prof e ssi o nal , effective service to clients 
in the City and throughout the UK. 

A high profile and good recruitment advertising is central to the 
Consultancy’s continued growth so we have created a new 
opportunity for an Advertising Co-ordinator who can 111100 
— — direction and imagination to the 1 *™ 


Advertising Agaa cjrTSales skills are aho_ e ssential to g enerate 
further dient paid bosmass. An aptitude for copy writnigandan 

If yea have a positive, confident approach imd the mattuiforto 
deal with a variety of people send a detailed CV to The 
Managing Director. 

TeL 01-242 6321 

Perooand Resources 75 Gray's Inn Road Ixmdui WC1X BUS 

Career Crisis? 

v™. rnav be in the wrong job, have unfuffWed ambitions or have ban made redundant. 
SKX teHflrSrgSwitaed programme for senior exe cutives wfll agire that 
q». To arange a me, nrtMeiiW dia^ 

'^Mecutiue Action 

37 Queen Anri*’ ftiwf- iMiVwdittUAfft- — 

'sn> 1 ' 












Graduating in '87? 















A d ynam ic group of h^hty successful Thomas Cook, the travel company; Clydesdale choose from, career development possibilities 

busin esses.. . A broad rar^e of diverse interests and Northern, the Group's Scottish and Irish are outstanding. Throughout our activities we 

whidrstreteh way beyond the fractional banks; international Banking deafing with look for the best talent aiKl opportunity 

bounds of banking and finance... clients worldwide; Corporate Banking serving usually open to good honours graduates n any 

This is the Midland Group of today. With major businesses; Group Management Services discipBne, although for some specific roles we 
exciting career programmes for graduates, which provides a massive resource of Rand do look for an appropriate degree, 

based around opportunities in management computHigsIdllsi^ofcourseMid^the 
broking .sales, marketing, deafing, investment high-street bank-each looking to turn today's 
ajmpijjing finance, retaffing, and otherkey top graduates into tomorrow 

speciafisafions. With all these successful businesses to 

An environment where merit is quickly •••• 

recognised and rewarded. 

With companies like Forward Trust which Z ! 

sells teasing and factoring to industry, arris Alternatively, you can write for details to; 

schemes to individuals; investment Banking •••• The Manager, Midland Group Recruitment and 

combining established skills in merchant banking ■ Development Office, Buchanan Houses 

witostockbroking expertise and experience; IWIIM21I1II Ub01I|I 24-30 Holbom, London EC1N2HY. 






The Midland Group brochures, with details 
of an training and career opportunities, are 
available from your careers office, along with a 
special graduate video and ^formation about 
our programme of unwersity and polytechnic 



circa £1&000 ml 



das Untiring for ox^cm' induOrld astimn including KiOJ). contractors. 

. U» Company has raentiy movadto a MwaMdem ptaV wHitiw muf up to ilala Ftenf 
Sprqyhfl,ft>wferCooting and Sfovtag «qu<pniaWaad bMbarfchg ana noferwipai- 
' doo progrmriM. ' 

H» appdrtmanl ofo SrimEnoHw b raqoimd tofrawt AbdifeA bring mpoadbia to 
fiw Mcnoafag Dfcvctor and O— m o ! Moniag w rely. 

Tha Enartva real hava: 

*AgoodadacBflanoadtBAfatibocfcBiBi > a J bftaaBgi to a r hB,flMti*igorp«*afafl 


* Promt tdot obSty *» ImWriol mwkets. 

* A Mgfi dagraa ®F solas noAntba 

* Th« nbBfty and panondBy 1 o daw ri op l oT hfa d aatown of dl WnA. 

Dwiawntillinmill Irofirwiarl rwa n h— ...IriL .M— .y, 

being anubogad A eonpoV «■» priwia haalb huirenea wfl obo ba hdadad. 

Fhua wrih oocbAg o ctmpnhmm* cm, fK 
Tfe Mangng Diradar, 

IvAa Engineering lMk4 
Tcnainut fiood, 


Wed Suxtoic. POT9 2TX 


c.£l 8,000 package 

Rapid expansion w ithin the London ann of a leading American 
szockbroJring firm means that their office manager now requires an 
assistant to provide complete back-up in all matters relating to 
personnel and administration. 

We look toward to receiving applications from unusually commu- 
ted and careCT-mindcd candidates, aged 26-30 who ate prepared to 
rake on increasingly more responsibility as the job develops and 
who are free to work one we eke nd in two. Initiative, tact and 
precisian .wU be crucial, as will solid experience in both personnel 
and administration areas. Please telephone 588 3535. 

Crone Corkill 


Join A Growth Industry 
Logistics Strategy Consulting 

A.T. Kearney is a US-based management consultancy. It is probably the leading 
firm worldwide in its field with a reputation for the finest innovative strategic 
advice on logistics and physical distribution. The work is done by people with 
practical experience of the operational issues involved and a proven record of 
leading or helping companies to make profitable changes. 

We need a number of really first-class people to join our team. They should have 
all or most of die following artributes?- 

• A good academic background, with at least one degree or prime 
professional qualification. 

• Practical experience of the operational issues of physical distribution, such 
as warehousing and transport, and the application of industrial engineering 

• An understanding of the total logistics concept, with experience of how 
costs behave and how to measure them in a dynamic environment. 

• A strong bias towards materials management, with practice in using 
modem computer-aided techniques. 

• Great energy and a strong urge to perform well and grow fast in 
responsibility and reward. 

A.T. Kearney is looking for truly outstanding people, probably aged 28-40 and 
with some previous experience of consulting. They will be fitted into our team 
wherever their strengths make it appropriate. 

If you meet our exacting requirements, the remuneration package should not bc.a 
problem. If you would like to link your success with ours, please contact: 

dye Hodson, Director, A.T. Kearney limited, 

134 Piccadilly, London WlV9ig. Telephone 01-4997181. 



BBC North West currentty makes over 50 children's 

programmes a; 

Company Secretary 

-Charitable Trust 

W^t London 

c. £20,000 

Our client, a major charitable mist, will dioriiy appoinr a Company . 

Candidates should preferably be under45 and must have a secretarial, 
legal or ac co umancy background and be capableof exercising secretarial 
and administrative responsibility in a small team under the Director 

The^ Trust operates in most anas of community^ welfeitReVious 
■experience in the volimiary sector is rex necessary. This is a major 
appointment and calls for high professional competence and integrity. 

Fleaseapply to: Sir Timothy Hoare, Career Plan Ltd. Chichester 
House. Chichesrer Kents, Chancery Lane. London, WC2A 1EG. 
teh 01-242 5775. 

J*ettotmel Gonsubtmu- 




BBC North West 
(Based Manchester) 
£18^00— £23,771** 






Editor ChBdrerfs Programmes heads a reiit of 20 staff, is 
oneof BBC North Wesfc senioredilorial team, and wffl 
have aparticuiarresponsibity for launching a new format 
for Saturday mornings in ApriI1987. 

Wb look for editorial judgement of the highest order, 
with particular knowledge of the needs andikes of 
children. You will adso need the atnkty to assess and 
develop new ideastor programmes, substantial 
experience of programme production on film and in studo, 
and the abilitytomanage staff, cash and resources 
imaginatively and economically. (Ref.1130/T) 

... The Wbrid atOne ... Newsbeat ... PJ&. • 
Ths World Tonight... The World This Weekend. 

Could you help these programme&tBlI Britain whafs 
going onin the world? 

We want pitxlucer& Yoirtl needalvely mind, a lively 
knowledge of events . . . and experience in news or current 

We haveshortandkxig term contracts. The payis 
about 212,000 a year . . . more tfyou are really worm it 
(RBf.27 29/T) 

Retocatlonexpena as cooskleiied tor permanMR posts. 

**Fk» allowance of £1,020 pA 





r i — — * 











So - 
I uno 

. ma 
J bee 

I woi 

* A 

t in 

, UK 

• be 

I ob' 

} sen 

, CU5 

! s 

1 bj 



i get 
! cai 
I Th 

V “li 


F fre 


Britain's fastest growing Industry 

As a resurt of imaginative, sophisticated and professional marketing by 
the British Tourist Authority, numbers ofoverseas visitors to Britain arc 

confident Londorr-based marketeers. 

ten our mariteting 
personable and self’ 

Marketing Executive, 
English Speaking Markets 

Promoting Britata niTtortfi America anti Ireland. 

Marketing Executive, 
Central Europe 

Promoting Britain in Germany, Austria. Switzerland and Eastern Europe. 

Acting as the expert for your specific territory and liaising extensively with 
the apropriate Overseas Managers, you wfll provide relevant up-to-the- 
minute Information and guidance to UK suppliers. You win atep enjoy 
involvement in promotions inducting roadshows, exhibitions, fenritiansation 
tours and joint matketing schemes ■ related to jour territory 

Both roles are Highly demanding and can for a degree level education 
backed by 5 years' marketin g experience in a tourism related Reid. 
Combination of administrative, oraarrtsattonai and Gornrnunfcafcions shBIs 
are essential, as is the freedom to travel both within the UK and abroad. A 
good command of written and spofcOT German and. ideally French. Is 
required for the Central Europe executive. 

Previous experience of the markets mentioned would be an advantage. 

Excellent career prospects and a generous range of bene f i t s, support 

salaries of c£ 

If you are keen to promote a 
Noreen McCain, tersormel ( 

toreen McCain. Baso n nel Officer, Thames Tower, Black'S Road, 
ftarranersmitfiXondon W6 9EL Tel: 01-846 9000 
extension 2925/2926. 

v Previous applicants need not re-apply 


We are a well established and highly successful West End 
brokerage providing a wide range of ideas/concepts in 
the financial services market to both the private and cor- 
porate sectors. 

Due to continued expansion we now require four trainee 
brokers. No relevant experience is necessary but you will 
need to be ambitious, able to thrive in a competitive 
environment and aged between 23-35. 

If you are the right person we offer a full training pro- 
gramme, leading to a full professional qualification. High 
earning potential. Plus the usual benefits associated with 
a company excelling in its field. 

If you want the opportunity to dictate your own future and 
you think you can satisfy our requirements contact 

The Recruitment Officer on 01-493 2384 
for a confidential interview. 


Hunter & Ready, the manufacturer of the Real Time Operating 
system VKTX. and a US. based Corpor a tio n seeks a qualified 
individual m open and manage a new U.K. subsidiary. 
Responsibilities wil] include all aspects of Hunter & Ready's 
European sales efforts plus management of 8 Distributors. 


• Minimum 5 years Marteting/Sales 

experience in EEC 

► Familiarity with INTEL and MOTOROLA 

I Sound technical knowledge of software 
development techniques 

• Bilingual preferred but not required. 


• Starting salary E254XX) plus bonuses. 
• Company car {dan. 

• All travel paid by Company. 


Mr. Derek South. Vice President of Sales, 
Hunter & Ready Inc, 12850 Spurting Road. 
Suite 122. Dallas. Texas 75230. 
Telephone: 214/661-9526 
Telex: 735222 HNTR&READY DAL 
FAX 214/991-8775 

Find interviews planned for early November in London. 



Plans far the implementation of the General Management structure for 
the Area have beenagreed by the Lothian Health Boyd, subject to * 
approval from the Scottish Secretary of State. 

Seven operational units are proposed to deivsr health care intfte area, 
each Unit wiH have a Unit General Manager who win be responsible for the 
effective management of their liniL This win include theestabishmentof 
operational objectives for the Unit, the effective management of Unit 
resources and to ensure that the quality of patient services is maintained 
within Board policy. 

* r»v i 1 i ■ r a .• . 1 1 • I : ** • .z • i j: • |'i;:* ■ ii l l .-<in r :it > : * :■ Ki • ■ ■ i # . t 1 

from either the pubfcor private sector, wifli the capacity to exercise 
leadership and management skais within a complex multi-professional 

The salariesfbr these posts win be directly related to the budget allocation 
for each Unit. The salary scales win be finalised soon by the Scottish 
Home and Health Department, it is anticipated that they wffl be In excess 
of £26,000. 

Informal enquiries will be welcomed by the Board’s General 
Manager, telephone 031 -225 1341. Application forms and further 
particulars from Hiss L. McAHteta; Personnel Officer, 

Lothian Health Board, 11 Drumsheugh Gardens^ 

Edinburgh EH3 7QO- Application forms should baretumed no later 
than 30th October 1986- 

l othian Health Board 

C. Czarnikow 



We are seeking to recruit both 
a trader with some experience 
in physical soft commodities 
and an experienced futures 
broker to join an expanding 

Please write to: 

MR M/R.Liddiard, 
C. Czarnikow Ltd, 
66 Mark Lane, 





We are a small friendly employment 
agency situated in Kensington, and 
we need a bright experienced person 

a « *■ .a a . a _ .. i _ 

to help us in the day to day running 
of our accounts department. 

of our accounts department. 

The successful candidate will have a 
wide knowledge of Agency “Temps” 
payroll and must understand all 
aspects ofP.A.YJI 

The work is varied and interesting, 
demanding a flexible and willing 

Excellent salary and conditions. 
Please ring daytime on 

01 938 1977. 




c. £22,000 23-27 

A leading City-based Merchant Bank 
seeks a numerate graduate with two to 
three years’ training in Investment 
Banking. The position involves work- 
ing with the Capital Markets teams, 
analysing and developing business pro- 
posals. A knowledge of IBM PC-based 
software would also be most useful. 

Contact John Lord on 01-977 8105 or 
David Jones oh 0444 452209 or write 
to them at 

The City Resourcing Partnership 
266 Rtshopsgate, London EC2M 4QX 


Lighting company seeks similar per- 
son tohead Sales and Marketing of 
broad product range to an erajafly 
broad range of customers. Good de- 
sign. clever product and British too. 

to be less 
penses. Af 
track raeor 

gotiation but not expected 
nan £18K 4- car and ex- 
iticants must have proven 
Weafly in the fighting field.. 

CVs ana mar of appBcation m me 
fist instance to tan Bibby, Managing 
Director. Um-Low Ltd, 15 MunfoBs 
Centre ; Welwyn Garden City. Herts 
AU iew. ■ 7 

Talented & Ambitious 
High Bade & Commission + Car 

A* a wo# estobfehad. wecnrtil and expanding computer 
.recnatment consuttanqr. we are looking for professional rs- 
enttara wtth good track records to mow info thto dynamic 

tfyou are already suocnssM, but have aaphnkms tor Itighw 
acMwament and rewards, then das could bn the opportunity 
foryou. Wa wifi give you Wining if you do not have expert* 

Recruitment Advertising 
Executive Search 
Management Selection 
International Recruitment 

178-202 Great Portland Street 
London WIN SD-Tef-. 01-631 4411. 
8 Mathew Street Liverpool L2 6RE 
Teh 051-236 1724. 

for you Wa wfi give you Wining a you do not have expert* 
■®" eo <** kxUffioy. But above a* we can Oder excefem 

opportunities to re cr u itmen t cc reu ttams with me flair and 
onffniSmsm to broadm thmr horizons and succ oo o.- ~ 

To end out more. tMri contact us for a confiden tia l end 
Womta tfocutejoa telephone CUVE SEXTON on Of 491 
1B29 (Day) or 01 390 ‘4403 (Evenings); - ■ 

Field Trader 
Desk Trader 

Dow is firmly established as one of the world - s 
leading nnrilrnatknialdTemtcal companies. 
suocecfiiBy manufacturing and marketings 
wide range ofbasic chemicals. speciality 


Ufe are now esiabfisbmg a new trad* office 
based in Londaa to develop counter trade 
throughout the world. The result is two 


' 4-"'' it* 11 

on what we soon expect to be a fast- growing 
part o four business. 

Held latter 

A » ■ ■ to* «i| • fly, > i i’i I tt 

Usir^ your existing soinmand contacts, you medical irauianre and pension 
wjflbedeaEngwitna wide rangeof consumer IF you are confident mat you! 

you have foe slab 

mhomn e iit yom 
trading shifts deserve 

You wffl therefore need a dear ability to think 
creatively. to workon your own initxattv^ and a 
wiffingness to travel extensively: 

You should have 8 years experi en ce of 
tra ding m ransomer goods, possibly gained in 
a marftet research ors&nilar environment. 
Knowledge of a foreign langua ge, prefe rably 
french or German, would be a distinct 


Based initially at our offices in Central London. 

Dow Chemical Company Urrtited. 
Strand Place. Fairfield Avenoe. 
Staines TY/184SX.1U: 0784 61600. 

Dow Chwacal Company 




DEC is people based. Our technological 
e xp erti s e, as one ofthe world's largest 
minicomputer axnpartieste doe to no smaH 
way to the human actor which c ontinue s to 
sustain orirworidwidesacoess. 

Behind our UK-wide field Service 
organisation that installs and maintains our 
advanced equipment our Business Methods 
Team act as agents of diange and advisors to 

people in thei r m i d 20‘s to «h1y3Q‘s preferably 


rrfevant subject Yju'Bhavesignfficartt - . 

ex pe rie nc e of Q&M practices or 

Sterns Anadvsis and Deagn. ideally grtnedift 

a dynan iiccoxrHnefdal or industrial 


b<>ipgtheF T i nn< i P T WffK¥nfp roWt B W it Ywid 


Your task will be to design the 
administrative systems an a processes 

achievement are seff imposed. If you widi to 
know more about diese positions and about 

deo3s or write to her at 


of our Field Service business. This involves 
derailed planning and analysis the 


r Limned. 
DTI quoting 

Reading tbeprep»otionofdoa] 

£L2-£17k+ Company Car plars! 

ttion, system 

are vacancies for 



c£1 2.500 

N.W. London 

You will be in charge of our new central London 
branch office that will be assessed as a 
profit centre, and the effort that you mafce'Wdjtbe 

This is a weH estabAshed Trade Association repre- 
senting its members both from industry and the retafl 

The Association require a skffled administrator to ser- 
vice selected committees and conferences. Ftespon- 
sibffitfes include agenefa preparation, minute taking, 
report writing and preparing information on such mat- 
ters as the implications of impending legislation. 
Ideally in your late twenties/eariy thirties, with a good 
honours degree and an enquiring mind, you wfll be 
self-disciplined, flexible and seif motivated. Previous 
committee experience would be advantageous. 

Rewards include negotiable five figure salary, con- 
iributory pension scheme and other benefits. 

Send C.V. to 

Tony Culpin, PER, 4th Floor, 

4/12 Regkt Street, LONDON SW1Y 4PP, 

As a manager you will be responsible for delating 
with both diene and job seekers as well a& jdur 
own staff. Ve will be expecting you to go out jfid 
secure new business. This means that you -will 
need to have the kind of successful business 
background gained in a fast-moving sales envi- 
ronment that will enable you to develop -.a 
rapport with the many company diems that you 
wul be dealing with. • 

Of course the job is a demanding one that will 
require you to have a pro ven ability to managean . 
enthusiastic and committed team, and although 
current recruitment experience is a definite ad- 
vantage, training will be given, toi outstanding 
salary. package .conducive with u position it thu 
Icvd is offered. 

Please .send a. fun CV fir 

Paul Jacobs 

Kingsway Recrtutnietit Consul tants 

1 Kingsway 

or rail on 01-^1-1114 

Bwgtec, snarustastic and orgamwfl person reoiired for 
BtoaiaiBn^^pwn an American AicWeciuiW/Bi§fmw. 
Ing company n WCt o( 70 people. . 

Duties wB b e varied covering the im plement at ion of aa ad- 
mnstrabon procedures and company potass IncMtog 
ib m w b um. supfite*. and persooneL 
Salary area fllSMi 

Sound educatanal background necessary and piwtoua simi- 
lar expenence esaereeL 




Pfoase send CV to: 

Lorraine King, 
Heery International Ltd, 
49 Russell Square, 
London WC1B 4JP 

financial career 

^5*** 110 independem nationwide financial ser* 
'ices company and we are seeking two career 
minded inaiyiduals interested in a trainee mao- 

Excellent renumeration. Prospects second 
to none. Age 23+1 Contact Quentin Russell 
r 01-439 3431 . 

m shvis.le I 

. If 
. - • . 

.*•. ' -s-i 

• r r*: rt ; 
- r .- v?r 

„ r Jon 





ri k ! 





Nashville (fashionwear) ltd 

■- require a 


Efn PS „ ssponsib % will be direct 
and^aa^H Ur customer s - the leading retail 
order companies. The position also 

S° Se ™ olv ement with our design 
content of the ranges and our 
merchandisers on sourcing and manufacture. 

Tho x. . 

I!^ S f. < ^? ssful applicant will be a highly 

with a thorough krovJledge 
OT t * IG active sportswear market. 

and company car will be 
COTironsurate with this very responsible 

Please reply to: 

Mr Jon Webber, 

Merchandise Director, 

Nashville (Fashionwear) Ltd, 

5 Warple Way, Acton, London W3 

1*1:01 -743 8383. 


Marketing Executive 
On-line Investment 

Patastre am is a heading international supplier of on-fine in- 
vesbnent research and fund management information. To help 
biHld on our strong market position we are seeking to recruit 
additional marketing executives. This challenging role entafls 
working closely with and advising development teams and the 
sales force from market research through new product speci- 
fication to pricing and product launch. ■ 

We are looking for people with a high degree of motivation, 
who grasp new concepts quickly and can communicate at all 
levels. In addition, candidates should have experience in at 
least two. of the following areas: 

★- securities markets ★, PC hardware and software 
★ marketing ★ on-line information services 

A salary of up to £16,000 is offered together with an excellent 
-benefits package. - - 

If you are interested In this position, feel that you can meet our 
requirements and are- aged between 24-30 years then send 
your career and salary details to: 

K Taylor, Recruitment Officer 
Monmouth House, 56-64 City Road, London EC1Y 2AL 

Your commitment will hel 

you spread the message 

Your commitment to 8»e OonservaWe ftvty w* obviously be eniaal to your 
success as a Conservative Party Agent Wete tacking for erthusasbc, seft- 
motivatsd indrwduate to train for openings throughout the country, 
tfs training that is ocoepUonaBy thorough, sVuctured and relevant normally 
lasting 6 montos ftj-fimeand cowring, among ofter Bangs, constituency 
wganisatian, pubic relations and election law. At its compjefion yoifll be ready 
to assume respansfofity far your om consttuency where youl enjoy the 
freedom to use your nbtfwe, plan your oiwi trne and capitafee an yoiff 

Aged 2CM8, possUy educated to degree level, yauH be an efficient organiser 
wRh excefent comnxricattan ddRs and the aMBy to gel Vie best out ol others. 
You wHflprobatrfy be expected to retocata as your career devetops. 

Well reward your energy and commitment with a salary which starts at £7,000 
and rtees, after service and experience, to &E13.000. Ybu can also took 
forward to benefits which include superannuation, relocation assistance and a 
car attowance ora company car. 

If youte keen to spread the message witfi the help of our earning, find out more 
by writmg (without cv) and quoting this newspaper, to: Ronakt BeB. 
Conservative Central Office, 32 Mi Square, Londm SW1P3HH. 

.... our training will 

f 4 & 



Are you eager for success? 
Are you available now? 

As a result of our continued growth we require several 
MANAGEMENT CONSULTANTS to maintain our development 
Could VOU be one of them? ' 

You must be highly motivated with an appetite for achievement 
Ybur successful hack record will show that you are thoroughly 
experienced m the business to business area and capable of 
oroSem solving for small and medium sized companies, be they 
Sandal, commercial or manufacturing. ■ J 

You will receive comprehensive training and me Back-up 
necessary. A first rate remuneration package commensurate with 

effort is offered. jf this is your sort of challenge and you 

would like to join our expanding team, 

Quinery. Reh tt , Independent Consulting 
and Management Company Ltd., Rawplug 
House. 147 London Road. Kingston-upon- 
Thames, Surrey KT2 6NR. 



up to E16P00 - under review 

- R&D 
at Martlesham . . . 

It’s easy to imagine that • 

in a large research centre. 1fl 
individual voices could get a AA A 
bit lost 

Not so at British TeleconYsworld- 
leading Martlesham Heath Research 
Laboratories. Here, some 2X100 
scientists, engineers and other 
researchers, based on a 100 acre site in 
East Anglia, work on prestigious R&D 
projects from underwater optical cable 
design to the development of advanced 
digital networks. 

Ourworkstyle has developed to 
make the most of each person’s skills. 
We work in multi-disripiinary teams 
with each researcher's individual 
expertise playing a major part in the 
"development of the all- important end 
product We Bsten to every expert's 
opinion, and exploitto the full every 
possible perspective. 

itall adds up to an environment 
whereyour voice will be heard. 

be an individual 
in a great team 

if you have a keen commitment to 
the development of communications 
technology now’syour chance to make 
your mark in such areas as: 

Switching Systems 
MobBe Systems 
Software Engineering 
Systems Software Design 
Information Technology 
Computer Communications 
Dpto- electronics 
OptkaLSwitchingand Routing 
VLSI and Microelectronic Devices 
Human Factors, KBS 

Specifically. we are looking for 
honours graduates with a prac- 
A A tical approach towards physics. 

computersdence. electronics, 
electrical or software engineering, and 
with the ability to play a creative role 
within an applied research environment 
Martlesham Heath is a superb 
location with excellent housing and 
leisure facilities. Starting salaries will be 
up to £16.000 (under review) depending 
on experience and qualifications, and 
assistance towards relocation expenses 
will be considered where appropriate. 

So. if you're committed to the 
development of Communications and 
Information Technology and feel ready 
to take up the challenge of tomorrow, 
contact us now. Ring Wendy Berry on 
FREEFONE 3920 for an application 
form, or write to herendosingafoll 
CV at British Telecom Research 
Laboratories. Martlesham Heath. 
Ipswich IPS 7RE. 





insurance & Investment 


We are market leaders hi provWng financial sevfoes to 
teachers — and to other profe s si on al groups. 

Our present expansion programme monsoe must 
lake on a lumber of additional Sales People. 

Bunac (the British universities North 
America dub) seeks self motivated, re- 
sponsible graduate to work in our rural 

Pnnnru4lA. /I I O A \ aIRaa nawMAuit.. 

Connecticut (U.S.A.) office primarily on 
our expanding camp counsellor place- 
ment program. Long hours, including 
weekend time, working as part of a team 
in small 3-4 person office. Accuracy, 
complete flexibility, and office skills and 
experience are essential. Knowledge 
and experience of North America would 
be preferable. For details and applica- 
tion, write: 

The locations are nationwide. The requirement is for 
enthusiastic hvdworiong people who warn to enter or 
develop a successful career In insurance sales. 

Our careful selection procediae includes "on-lhejob” 
experience for new entrants to sales or insurance — 
without commitmen t Our training ensures effective 
-results quiddy, and regriar support is based on 
individual needs. 




U.S. Opportunity, Bunac, 
232 VauxhaU Bridge Road 
London SW1V 1AU. 

c. £22,000 23-27 

A leading City-based Merchant Bank 
seeks a numerate graduate with two to 
three years’ training in Investment 
Banking. The position involves work- 
ing with the Capital Markets teams, 
analysing and developing business pro- 
posals. A knowledge of IBM PC-based 
software would also be most useful. 

Contact John Lord on 01-977 8105 or 
David Jones on 0444 452209 or write 
to them at: 

The City Resourcing Partnership 
266 Bishopsgate, London EC2M 4QX 


Sales Person required for expandng 
picture framing company supplying 
the design and contract market 
Previous sales experience essential. 
Excellent salary and prospects with 
company car for dynamic go-ahead 

Are you earning £20,000— £100,000 p*. 
and seeking a new job? 

Connaught's discreet and successful Execu- 
tive Marketing Programme provides profes- 
sional excellence in helping you to identify 
those unadvertised vacancies. 

Contact us for a free and confidential 
meeting to assess if we can help you. If you 
ve currently abroad ask for our Executive 
Expat Service. 

hone: 01-734 3879 124 hours) 


Young enthusiastic person required. Clean driving 
license end knowledge of art essential. 

Apply in writing with CV to 

Mrs P Marks 

4 New Bond Street London W1 


Apply with full C.V. to: 

Sales Director 
Piper Graphics Ltd 
11 Stanhope Mews South 
Kensington SW7 4TF 

32Savfle Row London, W1 
i Executive Job Search Professionals! 



for position in Israel. Not 
teach rep or short term 28 
years phis. Written appka- 
ikms only.. 

Transgiobaf Lid,. . 

64 Keoway Rd- _ 
London SW5 ORDl 

are teektaj fin ™ enihui*a*bt 
irrtdlfjcffl fill! urne pcrxxi to 
hdp run ibrir Chehca lighting 
shop. Experience noi 
important, rdiabilit) and 
sense of humour essential 
Please telephone 

Sarah 01 373 1250. 


Pm fessiau l guidance and 
Assessment for aS ages. 

15-24 jix Censes. Caree r s 
25-34 yrt Progress. Changes 
3554 tv. Rems*. 2nd Caress- 

Fb* deals m bee hwtu*- 

mmm carer analysis 
ZZ KQouoot Pto-WI 

01-9355452(24 ire), 




A new micro-based 
product offers the 
unique opportunity to 
a resuft orientated 
sales person. Based 
in Northanfs, but 
selling throughout 1 
• U.K. Basic salary 
and commission 
should yield 
minimum of £30,000 
in the first year and 
tiie prospects are 
limitless. Apply to: 

CJLS. Ltd 
Kermode House 
Christian Street 

Would you describe 
yourself as persuasive, 
adventurous, self-reliant? 
Have you willpower? 

Could you successfully 
come through a 
. demanding training 
schedule to break into 
something exciting, new 
■and rewarding? 

if you are aged 
between 28 and 47 
and come front the 
obvious background, 
can Peter Rochford 
on 01-831 0621. 

I Isis'S iii-srsi. 



for The Stock Exchange 

Th*; isa key opportunity to use yoursktBsma new vihi^^<^Dnient in the h eart 
oftheCSty, atatiiitewhentiiesecnritiBsindnstryE^ingt^^ 
creative change. 

ITj T/ 3 »vi>ci is i a hi ( i- et < 1 1 1 (it i I 

and Educational 'Raining Manager on a wide range of vital atawitiestxmraniingttie 
effective control and running of the examinations offered by The Stock Exchange. 

This ts an important full time secietanat role calling for initiative, irmovationanda 

iespoiBibilities you will be the Servicing Secretary to the subject oonmnileestheiewill 

»isn h<=> Aytpngn na faisnn with Chief Rxnmineis and appropriate Stock Exchange 

You win have a degree and ideally should have 3 years vroridng with anexamirimg 
board of winch 2 years will have been at Officer level We will give you fall teaming in 

r* ’-A 1 rc i( : »,:1: 1 i ■ * 111 1 * 1 4’i 

The position represents a considerable career opportunity. Salary will be in the 
legion of £13,000^15,000 dependant upon experience and the beneffls package 
includes free travel, BUPA, non contributory pension scheme, subsidised meals and 21 
days holiday. Please write with a fell cnmculum vitae and details of current salary toe 

lUisoiiKxzig, Personnel Officer, 

The Stock Exchange, Old Broad Street, London EC2N LHP. 


.-to contribute (front April 1987) For further details and an appK- 
to the Gallery's pro g r amm es of cation form (to be returned by 

public lectures and student teaching 5 November 1986) write to Civil 
and to assist in die development of Service Commission, Alencon link. 

art history courses. 

You must have a sound know- 
ledge of art history and of British 
and Modem Art (normally 
with a good relevant ^ 


Salary as Curator F 
£8045-0.0,815 as . 

Basingstoke, Hants RG21 1JB, 
or telephone Basingstoke (0256) 
468551 (answering service operates 
outside office hours). 

Please quote 

ref: C (41) 382. 

An equal opportu nity 

pwip loymr 


c.£30K + Profit Share 

Our client is the UK based 
subsidiary of an international 
group, who plan to establish a new 
company to provide a revolutionary 
new service in the personnel 
recruitment field, extending 
throughout the UK. The Executive 
Director is required to establish and 
operate this enterprise. 

Due to the nature of the company 
to be formed, candidates should be 
able to show at least five years 
experience of holding overall profit 
responsibility for an enterprise of at 
least £ 1 m turnover; direct 
experience of the sales/marketing 
function, preferably in the 
professional services field; a good 
understanding of business 
planning, financial control, and 

perhaps experience of company 
start-up situations. Furthermore it 
is desirable but not essential that 
the candidate should have a degree 
or professional qualification, and 
have gained some experience of 
personnel management or the 
recruitment business. 

Please write, showing briefly how 
you meet these requirements, 
enclosing your curriculum vitae, 
and stating present or last salary. 
Replies will be treated in strict 
confidence. However please list any 
companies to which you do not 
wish your application to be sent. 

Reply to BOX G07 
C/- The Times Newspapers 

P O Box 484 
Virgina Street 
London El 

Professional Standards 

to £25,000 

Reporting to the Chief Executive, the Professional Standards Secretary will assume 
responsibility for a wide range of matters falling within the jurisdiction of the Professional 
Standards Committee of the General Council of the Bar. 

This is a new and demanding post, regarded as one of the key appointments in the 
restructuring of the Bar's professional governing body which comes into ope rat bn on 

1 January. 

Applicants should be over 30, educated to degree level or equivalent and have a sound 
knowledge of the Law and the Legal Profession. Salary is negotiable to a maximum of 
£25,000 per annum, with a non-contributory pension. 

Applications, which must include a full Curriculum Vitae and the names of two referees, 
should be marked In Confidence' and addressed to the Chairman of the 
Professional Conduct Committee, The Senate of the Inns of Court and 
the Bar, 11 South Square, Gray's Inn, London WC1R SEL, to be received not 
later than Monday 3 November. 

Tte ©sms! ©m@I @! to la? ©f lagSssd 





Wdl mr90% of our chad 
in Senior and Middle 
Management adnara job 
search s ucc es s thr o u gh the 
unadvenised job market. 

Wed educated/well spoken 20-30 

- Good typng/tBtex/VDU 

- Regular customer contact 

- Foreign languages desfrable 

- Salary £8,000 p.a. commencing 

To find oat how oor earner 
development C.V. 

Services can maximise yow 
G8 met progression, oos me t 
o* now fur an expknwaiy 
meeting - at no cost or obli- 
gation - or send us yanr C.V. 

Your fnmra could depend 
on it. 

Cag Alan Roots, Sheen taattiaijenta UdL, 
01-977 0051 

Career AiMMfySw-vtoct Ltd 
ti Queen Sum May Mr 
London W1X7PH 
_ 7sfcfll=«12tt8_ _ 

in W9 require 

Negotiator. Must 
be non smoker, 
aged 23 to 28 and 
own car. Full 
training given. 

Basic, car 
allowance and 

Adrian on 

r’i; 7 ,- lrvrui 



Windsor: £ negotiable 

March Consulting Group is probably the U. Ks fastest 
growing firm of management consultants. Founded m 
1983, we nowhaveover sixty professional staff operating 
from our offices in Windsor. Manchester, the City and m 
the U.S A Our Executive Search Division has an 
extensive and prestigious client Est arid tow requires an 
additional Researcher to join our Windsor based 
operation serving clients throughout the U.K. and 

Asa key member of a professional team, she or he wiU 

complement and support our Search consultants in iden- 
tifying and investigating sources of potential candidates 

and evaluating company performance and mdhridual 

A degree orequhralent is required, but equally important is 
initiative, the aridity to work under pressure and a sound 
understanding and interest in the business world. Two or 
three years in business research, finance or commerce 
would be valuable experience and additional training wiU 
be given in Executive Search techniques. 

Salary is negotiable and there is a profit sharing scheme 
and other benefits which add up to a very attractive 
package. There are excellent prospects for career 
devetoprnentwititin an expanefing and professional 

Please send fut! career and personal details to: 

Andrew Duncan, March Consulting Group, 

12 Sheet Street, Windsor SL4 1BG. 




You can join the top earning 
elite in the country: 

if soa’ic tough, emhnriasdc and dedicated enough to keep selling while when are 
shopp in g stories in die bar. 

if every sale mans yon became it’s ringing up high comminioti and your earnings 
are untirnired. 

if yon aged 25+ and a car owner. 

And if yon wonld lflte to join an enormously successful com pan y draft as safe as 
bouses, bas an extensive product range and takes the trouble to give you profes- 
sional ales sod product mining . 

Gresham Assuran ce is jug such a co mpan y and its Wimbledon branch is looking to 
further expand its highly successful team with ambitious people wanting to move up 
into a sales c ar eer . 

If you hve in London or the southern Home Counties then pick op your phone. Dial 
01 542 1981 and ask far Gloria Callender and find out what we need for you to join 
the elite. 


£11,000 + BONUS 

Our is a «m«n but g u bcta nt ial service related 
finance or computers ) whole business is with msgor 

and City 

Carrington House, 130 Regent Street, Wl. 


for Norwegian Language Publication 

A vacancy exists for an editorial assistant who is fluent in die Norwe- 
gian language to a high standard, and who is also fluent in English. 
Job entails assisting the editor by co ordin ating the translating for and 
production of “DEN ENKLE SANNHET”, a biblically orientated Nor- 
wegian language news magazine, proof reading translated and typeset 
manuscripts into computer pagination systems, editing Norwegian sub- 
titles for television programmes. 

In addition to fluency in Norwegian and En g lish, the job holder should 
ha ve a good understanding of aD the doctrines taught fry the World-wide 
Church of God, in older to be able to correctly edit church doctrinal- 
material. Experience in word processing is necessary and important 

Resource Decision Systems 

Resource Decision Systems is a smnij , n 
consultants, specs! sing in the devdopma 
particularly in the natural resources and i 

’ growing firm of management 
long term strategics far clients, 
rial sectors. 

within the firm. The ideal candidate will have proven numerical and analytical 
staTK an oirtstandnre academic record and one or more yean of post*giadnatjon 
experience. Practical expcncrrcr with computers and fluency in a major European 
language would be a drama advantage. 

Compensation for successful candidates will reflect the quality of the individuals 
and the demanding nature of the work. 

Interested candidates should send their CV io: 

Resource Decision Systems 
The Addphi Bonding 
1-11 John Adam Street 
London WC2N 6BW 


internationally known for its 

pnei^natlc controlcompGnWTts of 
high quality, wgerrtly require an 
engineer with at feast 5 years 
practical experience in the 
safe/marketing of pneumatic 

position of .Sales Manager 

The successful applicant shaj) be 
an Indian national; aged between 
30 and 40. wtBtog to ret urn to fals 
home country to concentrate orv 
the further expansion of the Indian 
market for our products. 

Applications In writing should 
be sent to 

7 mgfti Street 


Compuvoc tosonml Sorvkos ore a 
highly impacted and long • A nbB rfte d 


Duo to our confound growth end 
succor wo ora soaking two exceptional 
mdmdtxds to join as. 

The wooisdul osidkfatoi vr? probably 
be of Graduate standard, han d fcv* 
desire to succeed and a genuine Wared In 
the computer industry. Personal quote** 
are more Important than experience. They 
will find high standards of ac hie veme n t a 
demanding but informal environment anda 
rewording career. 

For father dated* phone MoHin Bony 
an 01-253 5042 or send a CV. for hk 
umrmon. % 

Leisure Product Sales 


We seek a young and ambitious person to develop 
our gas barbecue business in the ULK. 

The Apparent mat be: 

Imaginafive, enthusiastic, creative, determined 
and wholly committed. 

Educated to degree standard with at least 
a Diploma fa marketing, (Am relevant product/ 
sales experience, preferably in consutuergoods. 

Looking far the opportunity to take on a high 
profile job that provides a kx of scope and for 
personal Wtianve. 

- Mature enough to Ksten and learn from 
rahers. con fident and capable of becoming the 
authority in a natter of months. 

Usual Coraparty benefits. Relocation expenses wl 
be considered fai appropriate cases. 

Please write tor 

The Group Personnel Manager 


Brentwood Essex CM15 9AY 


Advanced Business Equipment 
Ca. £25k - 3 Locations 
Percefl Group is a feaefing force in cash handkig 
systems for banks, supermarkets etc. The 
company is young, innovative, British and already 
wen accepted in Europe and N. America. It now 
seeks to strer^then and widen its market 

To spearhead sales to major nation^ accounts 
and to develop regional satesforces. we wish to 
recruit top performers with track records m 
equipment sales to the financial or retail sectors: 
Each Manner will be respons&le for a major 

Area and will be supported tv a dedicated 

marketing team. 

Remuneration is by good safety pins car anda 
commission structure with no upper Hnti,gMng 

L-JlL-Ts-.U-nai.' -TTT ijTi pT, 1 

Candidates should please write, with CV and not 
Phone at this stage. 

Edgar L Biss, Percefi Gmup Ltd, Lee Way. 
Newport Gwent NP90SL 

■■■IPEftCai GROUP 

A Change of Direction 

2SL2T 5?l£ a i!? d p*** 

Lll- ■ • 

■yw ./nuityi 

marintmtus, Mhole ott or 






■ - >*xt 




^ , Joi^i the Professionals 


Vi : i. 

v !, 



sooner yon get to the i£5* , ° U ** k^onala going ptaces , -J4ot only do I make 

my diem’s money grow, bin Fve trebled my 
own in come in just two yean.” 

are intermediaries b the field of Unit Trass, Pensions, Invest- 
«* off^ore), and Insurance. We anT^andingW^es 

b rhf cacr & dc individuals agedS^O^ our Head 


Ml Marlowe Sachs 

Tel: 01-242 2420 


Administration and 
Legal Services 

Safety. £21,552-523,70® 

(Ray Award Remfing) ' 

The Authority is nekmg a legaBy epaffied person with 
consNferaMe Local Government expenence at 3 senior 
level to head a Directorate empfoymo 47 personnel. 

This is a etaafengtog post rajumng a higt) level of 
management sMSy ana a posttto commitment tomds 

the corporate management of the authority as a memher 
of He Management Team. 

to addition there is responsibBy tor tie management 
and devaopmam of departments functions wNai m- 
dode legal senices. commiQea admnetrahoft. markets 
undertakings and general adnnstrative sendees inebd- 
eg fcensmg and office services. 

A kanp sum car allowance is 
she relocation package is a* 
housing acdbimnodmofi. 

including temporary 

Ifellredie farm and farther delate 
nmMfefnm no Pwraatal Da- 

■pretnirert. (MM. Uhvxtam, Chryd 
•LL11 Ur. 101 Wi w to l 36(811, EH 
*2 142. Ct OSUfS DATE FRIDAY. 24ft 

October m 




The Times and Sunday Times Classified 

We are looking for bright, successful, hard-working and enthusiastic 
Sales People to join our expanding Classified Advertisement Department, 
working in our new hi-tech environment. 

You wflJ be selling advertising to both existing and new clients of The 
Times and Sunday Times, with ample scope to capitalize on new 
business opportunities. 

Applicants will be aged ideally under 35, be able to type and have the 
enthusiasm and seif motivation to make the most of the career 
opportunities we offer. 

The rewards include: an excellent salary, an unlimited bonus system, six 
weeks' holiday and BUPA. 

If you have what we are looking for 
please telehone: 


01 822 9342 J&fi£3L 


Charing Cross 


- » frr . v -tNrv~-- 

; ... t# . • . v v v. 


’-t ‘ r u 

ft I tber . group b seek ^9 a Secretariat Assistant to provide 

^ 9^?^ m offl the usual corporate administrafive duties and a 

knowledge c# Stock Btchange listing lequiremenls would be an advantage. 

tfyouare ACJS quallfi^ hat® 2/3 yearsexpertence in a Group Secretariat and wish to 


advertising ltd 

18 Doughty Street, London WC1N2PL 


Too good token you are? 

We seek two people with 
recruitment agency experience 
and proven trade record 
Salary wi be Circa £25,000 p£. 

+ commission. 

For further information please telephone 

Anmiaf /tuodates 

on 01 349 3215. 



Immediate Start 

An exciting opportunity has arisen for 
someone with superb organisational and 
planning skills to join our company for the 
next 12 months and work exclusively on this 
one-off project. Needless to say a 
commensuraidy high salary will be paid to the 
successful candidate, who will prepared to 
work 24 boursa day, 7 days a week if 

Ideally, the succesful candidate/s will have had 
some experience of fund raising, although if 
you can persuade us that you could do the job 
then we're only too willing to listen. 

An immediate start date is essentia] for this 
pressurised and time consuming role where 
you will need to fee! totally comfortable 
liaising extensively at senior levd. 

Miss Susan Wilson on: 

01-439 9481. 



Accountancy Personnel, Britain’s leading 
consultancy in the specialist recruitment 
of accountants and their staff, has a 
proven policy of continued expansion 
through the training and development of 
its consultants, providing unrivalled 
career opportunities with widely varied 
and challenging responsibilities, lb join 
one of our successful professional teams, 
you should be 21 - 28 , self-confident, 
educated to degree level and preferably 
have an accountancy or commercial 

Contact Rsrsonnel Manager on: 




1 Glen House, Stag Place, 
London SW1ESAA 



experienced and cony lvot 
PamnnriAMlmrt required ; 
' by totwnattonri Mv re ftant - 
Bank to taka chrega of 
R oci uft n art. Payroi aid 
other poraopnal Outlet. Must 
taw* al teas! two years ex- 
perience and be aged in 30's 
Around £12.000 phis Bonus 
plot Eteetent benefits. 

Far tarihr Halils 
can Merit Hanktog 

81-23M192 1 


MUMS 8 COL Luxury pxvr la CV*S. MVaHWlN HELP AND 
MavWr bnimmvb eniiwiwUf mum M> March outdance. 
umMMul. Btfair wwk Sal- ,Hodncy Sly Man cm** Tei- 
«ry CCnSOO tfremdtoa on aw : r 8crklanMMt <04W23> 7S209- 

•M • mntrnrc • am t w ■ ... — i- , „ . ■ 

Brunor 01-409 1088 “ - OH — CV*C LM nWMni 

sauux trecuuKD wi ue- 
craUmnil consuHsncy wa wre v 
• contro Bf r lor Mnamv sac- 
rnnMc Grad wsti a/s m 
mrlnrnl. Sal MB. IW» Is 
BOX <M8 - 

male or (male for Qtaoow 
Fito. Edinburgh a M Pwt ft am 
Mini uni ago 91 iMMcn imsbM 
84 W WW 6* 9 for men and 5" 4 
(or women M»m amm tor 
*#ru(1ty odltm S’ T TWc- 
ptionc- and -ear -«WMM . 
Adianiaooua tor wcurtty offl , 
rers to law 4 804 - 041 774 
9300 . . 

qidman anUUM to work UMB 
Cnrwmas Bom umv oi loop 
mm nutwiMit lor D» now 
pnwi Oxer 18 and clean u 
mw wrrtlsl Trifphomi 
Fraom Murray on Ol 878 

rmptvo iKMinN tor Ctraun 
nmkm <A Level) to oood. 
Smss HoM Km ton* and 
hard wore for WO ow to 
Dor/Aorfl Wilf wiUi SAE PO 
Bin 388. London SWtX ®LX 
ALT— Resort *towg|y» n 
mured (or wilder an/87 2S+ 
M/F speak French ExceHenl 
onwmsauonal aUMtre and a 
%mae oi humour «-wenUall Ring 
SM WWW Ol 370 0999 
toy drii Ins we need von to ion 
our rem na tf warn prov Ktwoa 
nnh lexrt of scrv ice 10 Hie lash 
ton gm Cradure w preferred 
Tel Ol 790 0914 



If I- r-. I I * I-. \ I ( \ I, — ^ 



iMH«V ore ta> trennaot 
a Gtonang nx anwauau. The 
praoaiy Dm kret MBcaauJ 
UreronoK and * hnttad la to 
qM — la are mop. 
mew Bfe tjitot m 
Uttar wh. veww maty 
flaanMEwm £i7Q pjk. 


utf • 


SAA Grad* (EN95 - £11969 pa) 

This post offers an excellent opportunity fbi 

Duff and Trotter need en- 
thusfestic and tariHe sales 
person to arerii In tMw Cfty 
and Wtet Bid dBtales sens. 
Interest In good food and 
people essential. Please ring 
Keratin Moms on 6Z7 Z7HJ. 


A Friendly f&m in Fulham 
needs a residential negoth 
Snr. Experience essential 
In return we offer an ex- 
cellent salary package 
plus car/atattms. 


John Hoffiftgswoftfa 
on 01-736 6406 



W14 Newly conYcrtad 
FSisi floor flu within 
easy read* of Barons 
CootTabe. 2 doable 
be dro o m s, reception, 
fhfly fitted kitchen with 
aQ machines. Modem 
bath with foil drawer. 
Available now for long 
Company lets aft 
£180 ml 

Marsh k ron as 

01 937 6091/9622 

someone who wishes to develop ther expertise to 
financial management and who will enjoy the 
challenge of working in me NHS, 

You wH be a sari motivated problem solver with the 
abfity to work alone and in a team. 

You wH be a member of the Unit based Finance 






TEL: 01-481 1920 

FAX NO. 01-481 9313 
TELEX 925088 

TEL: 01-481 4000 




| Merchant Banking 

| package c £15,000 


D A major and famous merchant bank needs an assistant for two qf 
JTX their senior managers m Corporate Finance. 

3 The position requires you to have substantial initiative and good 

!£, secretarial skills, although the job's secretarial content is quite loo. 

9 The mam ficus of the jab is on client turnon. Fluency in German 

& or a Scandinavian language mould be an advantage. 

Age 25-30. 

Skills 100/60 


Z 8 Golden Square, London WI 

{3 Tel 01-439 6021. 


Careers in 

Energy Trading 

Senior Trader 

Our client, a major UK Trading Company, is planning to enter toe physical oil 
market and requires an experienced Trader/Manager to spearhead this 

This position would appeal to an individual or a team with a well-established 
oil market presence seeking a challenging opportunity within an expanding 
int e rnation al organisation. 

Futures Broker 

Our client, a well-established Energy Futures Broker, requires an additional 
desk Broker with an in-depth knowledge of all energy futures markets. 
Candidates with good connections within toe physical trade would be of 
particular interest. 

For further information please contact 
Trish Coffins on 01-481 3188 or send G.V. to address below. 



Europe House, World Trade Centre • London El 9AA 




E drarire c University 
AppamuncnUL. Prep re Pubfic 
School AppomimaUs. 
Educational Coorscs. 

. Scholarships and Fdbwsfaips. 

La Crew riefe CMme and other 
se cre ta rial appointments. 


■Carepatur Heriaana; Computer 
Appointments with editorial. 
Lqpl AppointmaUK Soltaiore. 
Commercial Lawyers. Legal 
Ofliccra, Privates Public 

Legal La Orine for lop legal 

PafcGc Setfor Anpefatnurets. 


La Crime it la Curare and other 
secretarial appointments. . 
Properly: Residential. Town A 
Country. Overseas. Rentals, with 

Aatrema and CoQecfeMes. 


tenoral Appointment* 
Management and Executive 
‘ appointments with editorial. 

La Crime de la Crtare and other 
secretarial appointments. 


MatesA complete car buyer's 
guide with editorial. 

Bnmeet re Badaeac Business 
opportunities, franchises etc. 
with editorial. 

Rroa u w aa t GaUe. (Moathly) 


Oreneas and UK Hefidays 

Vilbu/fotiages. Hotels. Flights 



Fill-in the coupon and attach it to your advertisement, written on a separate 
puce of paper, allowing 28 letters and spaces per line. 

Rates are: linage £4.00 per line (mm. 3 lines): Boxed Display £23 per single 
column centimetre; Court it Social £6 per line. All rates subject to 13% vat 
S end to: Shirley MvcoUs, Grasp Classified AdveRfeereem Manager, Hows 
New spap ers Ui, PO Bm 484, Virginia Street. London El 9DD. 


Address — 

Telephone (Daytime). Date or insertion 

(Please allow three working days prior to insertion date.) 

Use your Access, Visa, Anex or Dinars cards. 





A guide to career 

Harsh facts on the islands 

City dwellers who associate islands with 
summer escapism, empty beaches and 
relief from urban tension, may not 
realize that living in small and distant 
communities means meeting formidable 
all-year-round challenges. Islanders need 
many skills, an almost pioneering spirit, 
practical abilities and self-reliance. 

Islands are for the young who are not 
in a hurry to climb career ladders, the 
middle-aged who want a sea change, and 
older people seeking a fresh challenge 
dose to nature. Islands do not need seif- 
sufficiency fanatics — they need new- 
comers with expertise, professionalism 
and imagination. 

Right now. Inge Dickie on Orkney 
about to visit salmon and oyster fish 
farmers, whose business she is 
masterminding. On Inishmaan, the least 
modernized of the Aran islands off 
Ireland, Tariach de Blacam is driving a 
bumpy half-mile in bis Land-Rover to 
his up-market modem knitting factory. 
On Lundy. Wendy Puddy is milking the 
cow before going to her compact office 
beside the “general store", a grand name 
for a tiny shop. 

Come winter, although telephone and 
radio communication is instant, storms 

The hard work and tough 
challenges of that good 
life away from it all 
are stressed by Ann Hills 

bring isolation. From far-flung islands — 
where weather forecasts are a focal point 

where weather forecasts are a focal point 
of every day — information is relayed to 
form a national picture. 

On Fair Isle one couple take meteo- 
rological readings several times a day 
and feed their information through by 

telephone, producing a small, extra 
income. On Lundy John and Wendy 
Puddy. who run the island for the 
Landmark Trust, decide, often pre- 

Often working at dawn or 
dusk in freezing waters 

dawn, whether the sea is too rough for 
the passenger steamer from Devon, 
which anchors in the bay, to rendezvous 
with the landing craft Lundy lacks a 
pier, so everything has to be transferred 
in the bay. then beached. 

mined, she is often working there a: 
dawn or dusk in freezing northern waters 
near the home they are building. 
Diversity is essential on islands. The 
couple recently bought a boat to take 
people diving on the wrecks of German 
vessels scuttled in 1919. 

Inge Dickie intends to stay. Promotion 
is not possible but quality of life 
compensates. Her income of £8,500 is 
bumped up with a £5Q0-a-year islands 

Even smaller islanders — beyond 
Orkney mainland — need professionals 
who tend to be paid the going national 
rate. They need nurses, 'primary school 
teachers and ministers of religion. North 
Ronaldsay. with a population of 85, has 
its own doctor. Kevin Wood bridge, who 
describes himself as "the best paid 
ornithologist”, though in August he 
became a celebrity by organizing an 
exodus of hedgehogs. 

When morning surgery is over for the 
37-year-old family doctor, whose 
bearded, weatherbeaten looks are com- 
plemented by wellingtons and jeans, he 
ma> have seen a patient or two— six isa 
record. He has time to organize a misi- 
nei-making concern he helped to set up 
through die British Trust for Ornithol- 
ogy. The nets, sewn from imported 
Japanese materials, are used to trap birds 
for ringing. 

He has been surrounded by seals and 
seaweed-eating sheep for nearly 10 years. 
He says: “Fve built a solar-heated house, 
and I'm the agent for tangle (seaweed) 
collection." Professionally, though. this 
is a backwater. Returning to the main- 
stream after a decade is difficult. 

dynamic graduate m Celtic studies from 
Dublin and with a penchant for success. 
His wife is an islander. His brother, an 
architect, designed the factory with 
showroom and cafe for the co-operative 
on this small outpost with huge grey 
stone fori, miles of stone walls and 
patchwork fields. Grants were available 
for building and machinery. 

Tariach first became co-op manager, 
then major shareholder in the factory 
where two dozen knitters use the latest 
machines and hand looms in manufac- 
turing up-to-ihe-minutc fashion wear, 
rather than traditional sweaters, assisted , 
by a professional designer. 

"We sell in London, Tokyo and New 
York,” says the boss who fries around the 
globe getting orders. A roll-on roll-off 
ferry is expected next year, which will 
reduce man-handling, but problems of 
communication remain. "Spare parts are 
difficult to get and technicians have to be 
flown in." he says. His spare-time 
activities are scuba diving, yoga, bad- 
minton and card-playing. 

Tariach has relied on his own business 
acumen. On Lundy the Landmark Trust 
employs about 18 people to manage the 
form and tourism and carry out general 
improvements. John Puddy arrived in 
answer to an advertisement for a resident 
engineer. When the post of agent became 
vacant he fitted the bill and took over 
running the entire community. His wife 
Wendy, a qualified agricultural econo- 
mist. co-ordinates services for visitors, 
up to 150 resident in summer, plus day 
trippers. She's in her early thirties and 
quietly efficienL 



Tie Manchester Office of County Limited, Hie finance and adwatay 

activities in the North West. 

‘Wfcsedc to appoint an Assistant Doectag a brief to , 

expand theBaiik’sdiert 

Director but trill hare the direct sqppoit and conamitmentof to e Bang m 
T/mHfln- Candidates most hare advisoiy experience gained m a ineucoant 

bankorstodd)ix^^almowiedgeoftiieN(Hiii\Vest , wotildbeant 

Tte is a sador appointment iiiafc’wiflaK)eal to experfen^ 

wifi aproven ttadeneepni, together wiatiieaipfidHiceai^abai^tem^ 
an immediate contribution in a company winch recognises ana rewards 
C ommi tm e nt and achievement. 

An attractiv e remuneration package, ind nd ing car and low interest 
loan facilities, will be offered. 

Please forward a detailed C.\£, . together with details of ament 
remuneration to: Ian Carlton, Personnel, Comity Group Limited, 
Drapers Gardens, 12 Throgmorton Avenue, London EC2P 2323. 

‘Having children here 
would be difficult 4 

AT1ieNatWest L iv c s tn icirtBaiikOroiq> 

I met a chiropodist turned Christian 
inister - comforting soles and souls in 

Islanders are part of a community as 
much as any company man. They have 
to be able to turn their hand to anything 
from mending a rusting car to building 
homes, crofting, hosting summer vis- 
itors, maybe fishing. Not all have 

Inge Dickie, aged 28. came to Orkney 
as a marine biologist with a degree from 
Heriot Watt University. Edinburgh. She 
was employed, first, on Fiona, to 
monitor pollution for the oil industry. 
When the post of salmon and shellfish 
farm co-ordinator came up with the 
council. “I snatched the chance". That 
industry, born around 1980, should reap 
nearly £4 million by next year with up to 
30 formers in business, most retaining 
crofting or boat-building. 

Inge supervises aquaculture students 
on placements, advises on grants, copes 
with fish diseases and helps to plan 
innovation, such as lobster retocking 

Growers' confidence is boosted since 
Inge and her boyfriend opened their own 
oyster form. Tall, athletic and deter- 

minister — comforting soles and souls in 
a tiny parish. I accompanied a social 
worker doing island rounds, dealing with 
problems of insularity and generations 
inextricably tied together on their small 
croft. He intends to leave after five years. 
I met a nurse running an elderly ladies' 
knitting group, and p lanning her own 
retirement on the island. Younger 
professionals regard island life as a 
learning phase. Older ones often come 
when ambition is satisfied. 

Islands themselves need young fam- 
ilies. though, ironically, the biggest 
sacrifice is sending children away to 
school. Lack of secondary education in 
smaller islands is one reason for a general 
decline in population. Another is the 
dearth of employment, leading "to reli- 
ance on social security payments. But 
openings for innovation do exist, es- 
pecially when they are founded on 
natural assets. Aran, off the coast of 
Ireland, is fomed for its sweaters — now 
knitwear is computerized. 

. Tariach de Blacam arrived on 
Inishmaan (population 300), the most 
neglected of the three Aran islands, as a 

She says: “I find myself as nominal 
figurehead when John is away — he bad 
to make ail the arrangnnents for the new 
boat to be commissioned. I apply for 
form and building grants, but otherwise 
don't use my professional experience. I 
am needed if there are staff problems, or 

A helicopter arrives within minutes 
when there is an emergency. Work hours 
are long, and "dependent on tides and 
boats". Pay is modest. "We didn't come 
to Lundy to get rich," says Wendy, 
making the point that the trust can never 
recover its investment in Lundy. The 
Puddys live in comfortable accommoda- 
tion with television, "but we keep a 
toehold on the mainland, with a house 
where my parents live". She’s not 
planning ahead: "Having children here 
would be difficult." 

Off the south coast of Devon Tony and 
Beatrice Porter found their dream island 
of Burg once their children had grown 
up. They are investing all their capital in 
returning the hotel to its 1930s glory with 
ballroom, sun lounge and smart suites 
where Agatha Christie and the Windsors 
had parties. But that is another story, 
another island. Advice: plan island life 
with care, visit, listen and think in terms 
of opting in rather than ouL Summer is I 
for dreams, winter for reality. i 


CENTRAL LONDON £20,000 neg 

Softeners firm are seeking to recruit an experienced 
armtnnTanT The position involves provision of . 
monthly reports for each branch, weddy turnover, 
weekly fees and client accounts. Preparation of 
detailed accounts dealing with monthly reports, 
bud f CM t amyl partnership and company 

tax returns. Liaison with auditors, accountants and 
overall s u per visi on of the accounts departme n t. 

The ideal candidate will have solicitors experience 
and be aged between 30-60. An excellent opportunity 
for an experienced accountant with strong 

mnwnmifjrinn drilk 

For Amber details call Sheila Williams on 629-4463 

or write to her at the address below. 
Recruitment Consultants. 





Hi Tech 



Hi Tech 

Lila Co. 






For profession, 
commerce or 

(£20.000 + CAR 
c£2R000 + CAR 
e£17 jm 
(£16,000 4- CNR 
CE14.000 + CAR 

up to mooo 

For information on these and many more 
inhs in the South East contact ALAN 

jobs in the South East contact 
RAYNER on (0444) 417125 or sand CV to:- 



International Banking 


Marketing Officor Candidates tave a sound Banking 
background including Credit Analysis experience. 
HesponabffitiaswWancoi n p a ww w riwrtngbanlttpnxfuctiitoa 
vwioty of financial institutions, and fioison with Credit Anafysts. 


Graduate Banker with 2*3 years International Banking 
experience Is sought by prominent Mordant Bank, work 
with Senior Analysts, you wifi act as fink between dens t 
marketing daperanents. Preferred aga mkMa» 20 * 11 . 


Prestigi ous fnten ratwnal Bank seeks ‘A' Level educated banker 

wifl borospondbta far ^M^m^mment end vSfiiaisa Y0U 
closely with On Credit Camnottoe. FuH AJA and a sound 


Interesting opportunity awaits experienced BaVdng Accounts 
person wtthin Systems Dovetopment section in recently 
estabHshed Intemetlonal Bank. ReaponafeMBus W include 
oompitatian of ma na gement Informat io n and analysis of 
departmental needs. Preferred age MeZratearty 30’s. 

knowledge of currant affaire are desirable. Preferred age lata 
■20‘s/earty 3tTs. 


Your financial accounts experience from an Inte rna tional 
organisation Is sought tor ms opportunity to Join a Banking 
Finance team. Duties will Include preparation of statutory 
accounts and maintenance of accounting records. You should 
have commenced ACCA and ham a knowledge of computer 


We are a anal, well established consulhmcy specrafaing m 
hankbia, sfockbrokfog and accountancy recniitinenL Due to 
expansion we are eeefcmg addtoonaJ consuttanta either with 

previous experience. or e o fi-mo t watad people with a financial 
background. Interested in a career as a personnel oonsuttam. 

For further details telephone 01-638 5286 or write with full curriculum vitas. 

01-638 5286 

Bell Court House. 11 Blomfield Street London EC2M 7A£ 


Central London 

£l >3,000 + Beans 

+ Fully Expensed Car 
+ Benefits 

use of personal computers and spreadsheets. 

Your role, which involves frequent exposure to board level manage 

_^u fix... « .lx. i i : c j . ■ _ . 




that an ability to write programs is an essential skill to offer for this 
project-based role which occurs within the financial analysis 

This is a career position for a computer-literate accountant who will 
enjoy the challenge of a sophisticated information analysis role in 
return for an excellent remuneration package. 

City To £18,000 

If you are looking for a varied, in tere s ting rota with res p onslbMty then our dtant 
would Eke to meet you. Duties wfll include annual budgets, business plans, divisiORal 
finance reports and venture evaluations. Strong inter-personal skills essential. Raft 

Please telephone or write to Richard Small enclosing a CV. 
Quoting Reft RWS 0279 

Telephone: 01 256 5041 (out of hours (023065) 286). 


CXondon c£ 10,500 

A chance to broaden your accountancy skBs is offered by prestigious oi company to 
young, enthusiastic accountant A variety of duties indude account i ng analysis and 
reconcBtations. Good computerised accounting experience is essential Excelant 
benefits and prospects. Ref: AC. . . 


City & E-London To £10,000 


Management Personnel 

Several of our major diems currently seek experienced young ciwSt controUers for , 
exciting rates. The abCty to work methodicaSy end efflaenMy is needed and some 
positions require legal knowledge. Excetent career development to offered Reft ACL 


C.London £c9,000 

Muifanatxxial- property and investment company offer an excellent 
young bookkeeper qualified by experience, you wifl need the a btt 
management accounts in the accountants absence and have some 
' systems. Ret JN. 


Placing Accountants first 


Vernon House. Sicilian Avenue. London WC1 A 2QH. Tel: 01 -831 2323 



W1 £18,000 Neg + Car 

NewJy/recemty qualified Accountant sought by Blue Chip Retail pic. Acquisition reports, 
treasury and corporate planning role, with early line management envisaged; substantial 
package, including profit share. REF: C6336 

BOND ST. 79 New Bond Street W1Y 9DB 01-493 3813 

c.£ 12,000 + benefits 



£14,000 + Car 

Progressiva property company seeks dynamic Accountant qualified by experience to recruit 
own staff, set im systems and prepare monthly accounts. A flak for innovation will ensure 

own staff, set up systems and prepare monthly accounts 
your success! RER B5160 

HOLBGRN 307/8 High Holbom, WC1V 7LR 01-404 4561 

The Abbey National — a building 
society with a reputation for 
technical and operational 
innovation — is paving the way 
for a wider role in the financial 
services market, in response to 
new legislation we are upgrading 
our corporate modelling and 
financial analysts capabilities as 
accurate market and budget 
forecasting becomes increasingly 



£16,000 + Mortgage Sub. 

City stockbrokers require Accountant qualified by experience, tor financial/investment analy- 
sis and diem development as ' W* to financial Director. Excellent career path, board 
potential, shared option. REF: C630Q 

MONUMENT 9 Eastcheap, EC3M 1BN 01-626 0666' 

Working as part of a team, you 
will produce appraisals of our 
competitors activities, update the 
computer forecasting model and 
prepare statutory and 
supervisory reports. 

A self-starter with excellent 
communication stalls, you should 
have a good honours degree in 
economics, accounting or 
statistics together with 2 years’ 
industrial/cornmerdal experience. 
You may already be part-qualified 
ACA/ACCA or currently 
studying for a professional 
qualification. Knowledge of 
Spbrry/Mapper and FCS systems 
would be an advantage but is not 
essential as fuH training will be 

The salary is supported by a 
generous range of company 
benefits and prospects for future 
career development are 
excellent. . 


W1 £14,000 + Bonus 

Excellent position within leading communications group for dynamic Part Qualified 1CMA. 
Involved in budgets, forecasts and financial modelling on latest IBM PC. Benefits include 




Fra 1 an application package please 
either write to Mr W Whitehead, 
Personnel Officer, 

Abbey National Building Society, 
Abbey House, Baker Street, 
London NWI $XL or telephone 
01 -486 5555 ext 4551. 

NCPS and 8UPA. REF: B3108 

BAKER STREET ,106 Baker Street, W1M 1LA 01-935 1493 


contribution it can make to achieving s^SSlrStilta. 

you to clients in practice and in industJJ introducing 

Contact Tom Ghaaa. quoting Ref",: A/447 ' 



graduate accountants forlheir tamtam and ragfrmtl 

. They offer exposure to multi-disciplined work 
SrotoS” 8 ’ Pea8ibiIit y Studies, IT 

Age indicator, late 20’s early 3 Q’b. 

Ap plications to Tom Ghazj quoting Ref.: AM 4 B 

Midas Executive Search & Selection 

Sunley Tower, Piccadilly Plaza, Manchester Ml 4BT 

Telephone 061-228 2885 ' 


D A 





-*» -ft 


\v**wt mi* 

•«*«« iwy ***■»-• 

Work at the centre of change 

Secretary for Director 

c£1 0,000 

Technology is altering every aspectol our Bves. 

The Technical ChanoeCentre was created MprcMOegowsminent and Induairyirth 

imp»tial.weiw«S6»t^ ai^ on mwcrmc^ and tot-moving flaw. 

The TCCteoxpandteg and needsa mature secretary to siqspon its director and 

assistant director. 

As kveU as firsNdass secretarial and word processing sfdfsttnjob calls (or a high hml 
ot confidence ond the aowty to commyntcaweftectivelywilti research start and senior 

external visitors. 

Applicants should haw Bxoerterw or CK-gartOngmaeti^. running a busy otfira and 

wortdngindependenily and under pressure. 

_ _ Benefits Include five weeks' hoWay, season ticket loan, medical and fife 
J insurance and a penstonsdwroe. 

am Ry-»appfcafon form please phone 01-3705770. 



114 Cromwell wad. London SW74E5 


The Frizzell Group is a highly successful financial services group 
whose strong reputation rests on providing the best possible ser- 
vice to our dents across a wide range of activities. 

We currently have a vacancy for a mature and highly organised 
Secretary, with initiative and good communication skills, to work at 
a senior level within our Aviation insurance division. 

You wifi need excellent shorthand skills and W.P. experience. 
Previous experience in an insurance environment is desirable. 


We offer a competitive salary and attractive 
benefits package. For further information, please 
contact Miss V. Erskine-Murray, The Frizzell 
Group Limited, 14-22 Elder Street, London El 
60F. Tel: 01-247 6595. 


is holding a competition to draw up a reserve list for the recruitment of 







quatro concursos doou mentals 

ocho concursos de memos reserva- 

reserva cfos para nacionals portu- 

dos a nactonales esparioles 


para o preencfilmento de quatro 




(formacao university ria indfspensd- 

(Formacidn unlversitaria indispen- 

vel - is anosde experlencia profis- 

1 sable - 15 anos de experiencia profe- 



Para maiores informacoes, peca o 

Para los detalies solicitor los anun- 

aviso de concurso a : 

ciosde concurso a: 

Commission des communautfc Europfeennes, 

Division Recrutement, 

rue de la Loi 200. B-i0dg bruxelle& 



We offer: 

□ a pltasant working atmosphere in an internatjonai environment; □ job 
security (permanent employee status). 

Requirement s: 

□ rarionalky of a European Community Mentbe- State-.O a thorough knowl- 
edge of English and suffteient knowledge of another official blunge of die 
Communities; □ secondary education to minimum school- leaving age; □ at 
least 2 years* professional experience as a typist in Engfish;D age limit: date 
of birth after 31 December 1951. 

For further information and an official application form (which must be 
used for submitting applications), please write, prefer ab ly on a post card, to: 

_ _ . Recr u itment Depart m ent. 

rue de taloi 170, BH 048 BRUSSELS. 

Write off today as die deadline for returning official application 
forms is 15 December 1986. 


f I I I I I If II i I 

hL>* .rr.,y.,v; ■■ K.ri ,-f t . . . . . • - ** v» vz , 



on conairsooposicidn general 
para la constftucidn de una lista de reserva de 


de expresl6n espariola 

(formation unh/ersrtaria Indispensable - 
12 afios de experlencia profeslonai) 

Para los detalies soliclte el anuncio detallado a: 

commission desCommunautesEurop6ennes, 

Division Recrutement, 

rue de la L 0 i 200, B-1049 BRUXELLES. Tel.: 02/ 



Salary up to £9,087 incl. 
(Pay award pending) 

An experienced Secretary with personal secre- 
tarial experience is required to work in the 
Department of Electrical and Electronic 

The successful candidate will provide secretarial - 
and adnwntstrativd support to the Head of De- 
partment and other members of staff. The a briny 
to organise the efficient running of the very busy 
and lively departmental office, which includes 
three other secretarial/ administrative staff, is 
essential as is good telephone manner and ex- - 
celient communication skills. . 

Hie work is varied and interesting Involving a 
groat deal of contact with staff ana students and 
applicants must have the confidence to deal with ' 
a wide variety of people and a unffmgness to 
become fully involved tn the administration of the 

Appli cati on forms and further detaBa are avail- 
able from the Personnel Department, South . 
Bank Polytechnic, Borough Road, London, SE1 
0AA_ Tel: 01-928 3S12 (answering service 9.00 » 
am to fL00 pm). TNs is a ro-edverosemeflt and • 
previous applicants need not re-apply. 

Please quote Ref: R20. 

Closing date for applications: 29th October 1986. 

An Equal Opportunities Employer. 

South Bank • 


l "" 


tor of smflB and Msnoy Out extremely Busy team of 
innmationa' putmstms' tworesunramres *n west End. Good 
speeds, snwmtng. Knomeage of WP, wan mm. 2 yeas' 
experience. Sense W ruwx* and urflappatMty essential. 
Salary negotisoiB depending on age and experience. 

Write with C.V. to: 

Barbara Engehnann, 

IGP LidL, 

6 Wefbeck Street, 

London W1M 7PB. 

S i ^ 

L S I ^ 

J”' 5 ' 

Directors Secretary^ 

Salary circa £9,000 
per annum 

To provide a personal secretarial 
service to the New Product Development 
Director from mid September 1986 for a 
period of six months plus. You will be an 
experienced senior secretary with excellent 
typing and shorthand skills j proven 
administrative ability and be capable of 
using, your initiative. Word processing 
experience, preferably Wang, necessary. 

You will liaise with management at all 
levels of the organisation. A knowledge of 
medical terminology would be helpful. 

For an application form telephone 
Ann Warby, Personnel Administrator, 
Welwyn Carden City 325111 ext 4652 or 
our ans wering phone service, on ext. 4642. 

National Sporting Club 


Due to retirement of present secretary Kenneth 
Wolstenholmh after 15 years, applications are 
invited for this full-time position. 

Salary negotiable. 

Apply in writing and in confidence to: 
The Chairman, 

National Sporting Council, 

60-66 Wardonr St London W1 



squired (orueiwral xecreiariul duties in busy Registr) 
Department- Experience of W.P. an advan t agf . 
Please eomm: The ReRM* 5 * 2 
London NW3 PA Dor re kphooe <BI) 435 «3L 




(German & french) 
required to startfo 

sand Company-* ”:* . 
years oxoanence + «non- 
hand essential. 

A - 


Mak/fcmak. ’ 

Extremely *c« pre- 
sented person for high 
class establishment. 
Age 25+ . Excellent 

prospects and 
Phone Kathy Johnson 

01 408 1444 


. (Rcc.ConS) 


£12j00t + bom 

Excdfcm see skills with a warm and cffiacM personality, ideally 
aged cJQ yre are le qu i i c m cn a for Ihis PA post as right hand to 
charming Equity Broker who is also OUicc Manager. 


£11,000 + benefits 

you best of both worid*. people contact A. admin in 
& progressive career. 



This PA See position to snr ptnr involved m property regains an 
outgoing personality whh gppd skill* who is capable of using own 
ioiuamc & warns mvolvctncoi a 9 senior fcvcL 


8 £9,000 + benefits 

I Variety iocl legal & nu roqutreincais. stock exchange 
l -/ feting, corp admin. mtmiKs. charily donations, at 
Super career fora see who wants own area of resporv- 
sttebty and fceb capable of handling it welL 

Send CV or phone for appomtment 


59a London WoBEC2 



AGED 21+ Circa £7,500 pj. 

f [«t Bh**w *d Mb M*M ohm a nm is M is Senary to n 

agafe ss»5ws»a 





We are a mayor and dynamic Lloyd’s 
Brokers in the City with at impressive 
record of growth 'and expansion. An 
opportunity has now arisen for a Junior 

Ideatty you wifi be 19-21 either a college 
leaver or looking for your next step into 
a varied and Interesting position. 

You must wish to be a key member of 
this professional and successful tram. 
The ability to work in a busy environ- 
ment whilst retaining a sense of humour 
is essentiaL We offer a comptetitive sal- 
ay and an exceflent benefit package. 

Detailed C.V. asap to Martin Cregg, 
Personnel Department, Alexander 
Howden Group Ltd., 8 Devonshire 
Square, London EC2M 4PL 

PaV. 3 mwRx »TO> Hutu Orat Tmfcro 
l M *)c m6 overawe go Umwsey Scat 







requries PA to General Ad ministrator to start mM-Dec. 

Normal Sea skMs. inc S/H reqd. Languages an asset 
AbiSty to work on own essentiaL Age rrtd 20s to mid 
30s. Normal houro during Wlntar: 6-day wfc + longer 
hours during Festival. Applications in writing by 27 
Oct, with CV to: 

See Bestee, Btyd ibaa r a u Festival Open, 
Lewes, East Sosei, BOB SIB. 


For two Partners in small Ron of Sokdtofs deafina swtti 
Property, Company and Shipoing/Commafoaf Dtfga* 
lion. New City Offices near Liverpool Street/Moorgate 


Salaries Negotiable. 

Teh 01 247 0004 - Ret lizzie. 


sMumogflooi aad snorts 
Mm on sle dote to London 
• Bridge stan. 
Telephone KXe onOl.B289292 
act 3137 to Mom mom, 
jyxXjOB B&G/B10/232 



Too W1 form are botaag to 
recrut and audio sac mi a 
statue c ommeroi back- 
ground to work annana a 
youno Mfitiw. ano legal 

trenmu groan pbs excel lad 
parts. f« luitiw deads caH 
Guytn 437 5041. (Agy) 


CJl8,50Q PA 

A position of responsfetty 
await the young effloem, 
seif motivated iodMdual 
seeking total involvement 
It you have a professional 
attitude, a lively pleasant 
disposition and the desire 
to succeed independently 
then this could be tin po- 
sition tar you. 

Excelem secretarial skis 
essential. WP exp. nu- 
merate, French/Spanish 
useful, prof age EKM. 

Write or cal now - 

Paul Welch, 

MiB E le ctro ni c Lid, 
47 Upper Grogvenor St, 
London W1X SPG 

Td 01-629 6612 



Smafl West End company 
requires office 
artnWstrmor. Shorthand. 

typing. Good knowtodgs 
of French essentaL 
Contact Patrkaa 580 M42. 

- -v . . • . 



We are a major and dynamic Lloyd's 
Broking Group in the City with an im- 
pressive record of growth and 
expansion. An opportunity has arisen 
for a Secretary to the Corporate Plan- 
ning Director. 

Ideally .you will be over 23 with good 
experience and excellent secretarial 
skills, as this position requires you to 
use your initiative for the smooth run- 
ning of his highly professional and 
successful team. 

We offer a competitive salary and an 
excellent benefit package. i 

Detailed C.V. asap to Martin Cregg, 
Personnel Department, Alexander 
Howden Group Ltd. 8 Devonshire 
Square, London EC2M 4PL 

I Jili ill' I II 

To wort tw ttwefeng exacutne 
promwng wgU-knom aumrs. Ac- 
cufa« sacrmnal te ils aod 

wdM pmne mmnec. 


Word Process**; ucnencc for 
oecteed pngnstes and agaidx 
Arrangmg and amndng teem 
iraawp aw yre sa na c ns. Cow*- 
oani mrsanatey asurate. 

Hqh a d a msba inn aantem av 
dudes Bngnqng tnnng courses 
tor detfs and tefSHiga wy Busy 
dary. Shorthand no! essentaL 

Please phone 

Danielle Gray. 

01-242 2344 



£12JHH + MTG 

He is famous. 

ana successful - and ne s 
a sereor rtrecwr ol a bk»- 
Crtp UK nwenant bank. 
He runs one M trie toatenq 
tf n e mn txwai eouny oeaiwg 
otwranons m me Cay. mm 
a mgniy mdnnaual mono of 
eronsna ana siyte. 
Totally confident in your 
secretarial and 
organrsanoneJ sxos, you 
«*a gam ms respea by 
shomng mat rare aortty to 
memeffi end manage his 
dealers and analysts me 

European languages, an 
ague mmd and me pose 
and sognswanon mat 
comes iron) top fovel 
Mu rooonai experience 
are also unportani 
SUte 100/60 Age »-34 

726 8491 



are essential. Benetta mduoa season acun loan 
free nsattn Insurance. 

Please telephone or send career detafis to: 


90/91 Tottenham Court Road, 

London W1P9HE. 

TEL 01-580 5967 

(No Agencies) 


Required immediately for a Royal Princess 
in Saudi Arabia. Must be well educated, 
mature, sophisticated and efficient 
Conversational French desirable. Free 
accommodation and transport- Involves 
extensive international travel. 

C.V with recent photograph to 

112a Harley Street, WIN 1AF 



Hariry Sunt, seeks 
upmarket PA/Sccmaiy Tor 
busy practice. Own office 
in private consulting suhe. 

Salary ixaMUDlc. 
Enquires 01-935-5979 



GoM WMIS1 sluts, nwatlv# Are 

■KBPVWr (0 ol OUMS at Dun ana 
n.t -c -wn ones, asromi *aa 
Z2+ CuOODB. Hours IM 

OriteQ Acatany d Btetal 
2M2 Steten Street WC2H ML 


reqiHtcd for busy office is 
Temple EC4. Legal 

' experience an advamase. 
Must be able to wort 

ooder pressure. Suning 

salary £TJ0O. 

Farther details 
353 7356. 


Vary sucoassfiM small May- 
fair basaa (nagr Oxford 
Circus) commer c ial Estate 
Agents «** young wore 
secretary to work ior 

Cal 01-629 4040 

administration of office, 
interesting varied work. 
Salary negotiable. Write 
with mil CV vo Company 
Secretary. 12 Queen 
Siren. London 



Wanted for smafi friendly 
City firm of patent agents 
to work for a partner. 

Preferably with patent 
experience and able to 
use WP. This is a varied 
and responsible job and , 
a good salary is otter ad 
(or the tight person. 

Please ring: 

Pat Skailes on 
278 7255 for an 
Absolutely No Agencies i 


Late 40's Sm Pattnar wteMs 
to employ a Sec with Com- 
peny Law exp m a jod mar s 
more or a tyomg pomon 
man pa Someone smart 
ane mrettgenr essential. For 
further oet arts cart Gary on 
437 5041 (A9tf. 











Opening in April 1987, the Gyosei International School 
at Milton Keynes Is a privately-funded establishment 
equipped to cater for up to 900 Japanese children from 
families based worldwide. Occupying extensive, 
purpose-built premises, the school wiU aim to combine 
a full Japanese curriculum with a thorough grounding 
in Western - and specifically English - attitudes, 
language and culture. 

As part of a major recruitment drive, we now have an 
immediate opening for a Secretary who is lluent in both 
English and Japanese, possesses fast, accurate typing/ 
English shorthand and English/ Japanese word 
processing skills, and who would welcome the 
opportunity to work in an environment where bi-lingual 
skills win be ot essential value. 

In addition to an attractive, negotiable salary, the 
position carries a wide range of exceptional benefits, 
including full relocation expenses if appropriate. Please 
write, enclosing lull career details and any other relevant 
inlormation, to: 

Lynne Waterhouse. PER 
14-16 Chapel Street, 

Luton LU1 2SU. 

Tel: (0582) 417562. 



To provide lull secretarial support m newly estabistted company 
retared to mlenatenal travel: essential attractive appearance 
and pleasant personality Abie to assume respoosIbMes. Salary 
to matadi. 

Apply with GV and pnotograph: 

BJL Rid path F-C.MJL; MALM. 

22 Pail MaH Mail 
London SW1Y 5LP 


requires responsible young Secretray/PA Good tele- 
phone manner, professional appearance, first class WP 
and secretarial skds essential (pref Wang). Excellent 
salary, staff benefits and superb working environment 
Tel Sandra Hayrack - 01-602 7181 ex 214. 



Leading newspaper group seeks top 
notch secretary with first class 
organisational skills, to join 
promotions team. 


£10,500 neg + Bonus 

Wise sloames know the City is THE place to 
range with the noise and action of the Bang. 
As secretary to the PR Manager you will be 
the "eye of the storm" with your calm, 
dipdmatic personality in periods of high pres- 
sure. A Levels, shorthand + WP expertise and 
a Knightsbridge drawl required. Aged 28-35. 
PS. You get a free lunch (if you have time for 

Gfy 377*600 West End 439 7001 

The work schedule Is strictly for busy 
bees only - but it's interesting and 
varied ! Your strengths as an 
organiser will be needed across a 
range of activities, including 
promotional games, competitions, 
sponsorship and publicity events. 

Accurate, fast typing and good 
shorthand essential, with a friendly 
personality and helpful telephone 
manner. The right secretary for this 
team will probably be aged 23-30. 

Salary circa £10,000. 

For more details, call 

Kim West (01) 837 3966. 

Secretaries Plus 

B TheSecretarialOmsuItmas] 

To Group Managing Director 
cXHttK + bonus Thames Valley 

nteattonal flair wili be used to the utmost in 
mis challenging appointment as ’right-hand* to the 
Group Managing Director of an increasingly suc- 
cessful. high tech com 



computer company. 

Working from your own office within a modern and 
extremely impressive complex - life will be 
pressurised, sometimes hectic, but always friendly. 

Besides having wall-devalaped secretarial skins, 
backed with an 'A' level education, you'll need to be 
an efficient communicator, enabling you to Baise 
with various levels of management and overseas 
subsic&anas when, for example, arranging interna- 
tional sales conferences. As you’d expect the 
posit on demands confidence, discretion, motivation 
and total professionafism. 

II you teel that you could make an effective contribu- 
tion to our client's future we'd Bke to hear from you. 
In the first instance send a detailed CV quoting Ref 
MO 1139 to the C onfi dential Reply Supervisor, 
Macmillan Davies, The Otd Vaults, “ 

Square, Hertford, Herts. SGI 4 1PU. 


A Knightsbridge based company, running an In- 
ternational chain of exciting restaurants, is 
seeking an experienced secretary to work for 
their new Managing Director. If you have speeds 
of 100/60 wpm. are very organised, have a sense 
of humour and fun and are flexible, then we 
would like to hear from you. An attractive salary 
and restaurant perks go to the right person. 

Please write, enclosing yoar CV. 
to Rhona MacLean. 5 Raphael St. 
London SW7 1DL. No Agencies please. 

Secretary , 

Ihi ivu mini j /lift uhiih ur-i 
l-W iwnvil Ilair u\ nrll ai 
i ■ w vmml u\Trturtdl i'i^it /• 
Ifr iVnwf rhJuuKr-. 
pn-siwits LtwJiHi prupmi* 
Mr WlTOT) IW/iB hM> i.i- 
j*w a MTT/n- avivi,/ in itiHk- 
Sht- mrJi nw htip m 31 , ft- 
in; optimums. uv/mc m il 
fiujij/N pnHruii. kttpim; ihr 
idlii rt/rwirw •unntihir rtf 
ift >im *1 ill A' T 
An# ijhbrr. JirriT uffl. hou- 
mu iMtvAirr Jest, skills Mi/bU 
jml J .frii/l i/nurm fornrr 
Wun ntvUHlNf tu t U.iMi 
Mhr is ;« SHJ 

Da rime me. 

Man Bntam Recnriunno 

il 734 5771 

£ 11,000 + 

Wplanq im tafty MmMnt Btnk 
required nutate SH auric 
and WP Jxreiitnt bmfw m- 
cfcjdmg sate mJq. peroral 
loan dotc and BUPA 

01-837 3822 
saECT APraonwerns 

fi£C CONS 


Administration Com- 
pany based near 
Victoria require 
secretary/ass rstant 
to MD. Age 25+ with 
good secretarial and 
administrative skills. 

Knowledge of 
motorsport beneficial 
+ ability to work 
Competitive salary. 
Apply in writing 
wHh full C.Vfo 
BOX G06. 


Salary neg c El 1.000. 
Should to at toast 25 Capa- 
ble of lbs> acorn*! WP use. 
some s/H and audio: and 

penance in Advertising/ 

Markemg business neiptui 

Winn witn C.v marked con- 

fidential to MD. BOX F96 


The Managing Dveetor of a successhi and prestnous Pitfsh- 
. — * ‘ ‘ "ty involved In the day 

rng House requkas a PA/Secretary to be Uy i 

to dey running of the company, m addition to excelleni shorthand 
and typing sins, good comma 

... _ good command of English and a mnimum of 3 
years experience, the successful appfcant wall have the confi- 
dence and presence to Dane with our ernrant authors and 
International Business contacts. 

We offer a salary up to £10.500. 5 weeks hoMay, ttexMtmo. 
subsidised Bupa and annual season ticket loan. 

Please send C.V to: Rosalind Miller. Personnel Officer. 
Butterymrth and Co. Pubfishers Ud. 88 Kngsway. London 

Tel 01-405 6900 

he PA to become fully m- 
vohred with Us work and to 
less effectively with both 
& dents and cousgues. 


c. £12,000 

The rawly awointed head of 
Cotpohde finance d ttes 
major ratal company e 
looking for a Personal Assis- 
tant 10 hum an integral part 
id this Kara He is young 

and dynamic end wiU rely on 
PA to b 

At least hall the job win be 
organi sa tional and for this 
you wffl need exceHem ad- 
rraustrative skills and a 
quick mind. 

Preferably with some experi- 
ence in die financial held, 
you should have a solid work 
record and be between the 
ages ot 24 - 28. 

The salary package includes 
an exceflent boras and 
clothes SscntmL 

Skills: 100/60 

West Eml Office 
G29 9806 



A nuragenal pas bon on a 3 10 
4 montti temporary base «twn 
the post could become perm at 
raca f 13 SCO Yotr Wing £ su- 
petwsary wpenencu wU help 
you m mea lius dotenge 
develup in u mto a remnlmg 



LUord Plus-*- 

I TheVOT Consultants 1 



Require personal assistant 
to Managing Director. 

Maturity, staminer, 
diplomacy and confidence 
are the qualilites required 
and cannot be emphasised 
enough as secretarial skills 
are taken as read. Salary 
commensurate with above 
Please caD Miss Sagat on 
01607 9611 



byname young Oar non of 
tiqniy successtul Comnany 
involved m the tetewson 
world and aiuud a Ihs 
exauag new development 
area needs a lop level 
PA/Sec 125-35). ExceSsnt 
S.T essential and good 
expenence at ftractor level 
AMiy lo leaut admms- 
name strii tegedia with 
wen developed communt*. 

1K» sXife 

01-499 6566 

iaSoSlfE NORj 



Circa £10,000 

mWMMiWMavfai''^ mure 

supponnr f** ro ham Ihnng 

E mk «mt> B Lfgawe i wort, 

O'- mwi «vi>jiwe. <wao -wrae 
Olnuircuf Exo aortung comMons 

Detafls: 01-499-9274 
Steve MBs (Bee Cans) 

in <-\iriinn fulurv n brlmi 

h, j roniHimi cdUmk 1 
er in pnr ol BnlJin'% lts«J 
■■hi rompalrr rcmiunm in 
NV*1 fht' is .u. p.irlimi up 
nnriiimls la c>im<4i(Ldlv arm 
i \p.nwl inur skills Workinw in 
Itn- n»r*j- k.-lrim fl rtrrw-Til 

tun -sill n<- dralinq Wiir 
sn i- liH'tHu'dH' work urr jnoitw 
.umailmmls ussrslinn Ifv s.- 
Il"" Si.irtjn .nut irjna jhP 
\w UIih -iliun Jl hsisl la 

1 k-sii 50 wptn Ispiim. slum 
hanrt u'.'lul Wtjm- Jja 
« 7 ,hi, Cork HI Rrrruil 
mml rnfiMJlI.uils 

■.■vriuiHi i.* i'x publw -"-haul 
wi— in *silh <ruud 'isTcldiul 
siiiK .mil — *r.M 
CHn.ini'"- ■ irti-a jrid MW* I, 
lnur\ CuUih-iur prrss ruliuHV- 
■■ml >h ,il will, Mntid Musi rw 
-*-H fvrli' ..l.-d (u run offirn in 
Ihissi-s .iiwi-iirr suin-rb orm-i-s 
I-- i CB.’W T.-l Ol 
i«:>S5 s-V-iistiit, vim 

Ris 1 1 m mi Til 

■i/s-t i.l I OOO i ,im 

■•il- lni.«nii lu-l— ■ I"-' m^l, 

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IIH|i|mIIm",1I S|I.|I ISu S./II ,I| \H 
■In* kl"iitl>"1u ,4 f III.WB-^I’ 
l.iiiuiiwijM 4 mil .kIi .liil.nj*. IHM 
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III I K I IM.IISHr" r ousOI 
ls-I "Vah 

rnlu Xd 1 i-rl«sj|iq jnd 'lull 
.■III ImHil' sin , ,*v lul lop IQ 
o -.iin lunmirs rum 1 rlmil. 
infill ,-111111 riHpinq mill mi" 

.mipjHiir. "iu 1 iki" idcjs pi'- 
<.»" '.*Xi i-„ C.n<V-i> Hu 
• .in I IQ 1 U-1 SI £C4 5S3 

•REAM .in,.- FurHiiniiKi .Infl sn, 
i"' -sis nh-iitns 1 -sprrnn". 
Ok • im,iis W— Ima B.'nl. 

Pijiilisln-i- " i in inn ju 
inms i_7. K»' C«»|-||| iTdiVni 
H.ii 1 1.1 1 1.. i SI LC-J :-5S 

END miim s ■ (j. . friuim .11 si 
Bull a lu-i ulu-.inn Wt Consul 
l.nirs IIMI nitsiirrs ll's . ImhIs 
.»•' .Il' s in »«■ »-iM- O«0»J 
lull lit .41 ■ ultiuuiiis i O? S^OQ 
• lit Min I.karrfrn Uairdii. 1 lo 
IIm- 1 si [I -4 T-E.J JtfiO 

EYE In* Di«nni 
■ii-tsliiMi M.mi.Ti p.Hinns .k 
sell knut.-n .n.jrd w-inaiiia 
i«i»i«i- .’5* < men! GJTiJrn 
Mui-.NI llOrirrlSI £C4 It..'. 

Innulmndl tknuwinnil 
CoimulLnib No snofliiarKl or 
Audio Oul urruruir ly pino And w 
-.illinqnnt lo k am VW Coin. 
IHjlnr lor cailino. unluliie. 
■mad rmrnuiion and leu- 
Phorn- manner ■* good 
■duration A* IB* 

Ol IJOfi 

JHtC PA Ma* tow /Burks 10 Amrr. 
■ran Markrlmq Dscdor Ol diM) 
DroTik- romrsint Coon srem- 
lanal sjuiis mr luamq slroriltann 
A h loi ol Pfl/adimn skills in- 
■ ludinu OTqanmnq lunTTm/ 
dinners 49P?5 £10.00) BER 

S 2 ** 120 a 

AM S TERDAM s*r/P4 lo CTwur 
nun nf Compulr-r Compam 
Good sn ii-ianal skills lOO/OO 
r k-Minlili and nliulli' ■vnmri 
■-nri- ni an Inlvnialiorui 
Ominant T7ns is a pomuneni 
imsiinn lor a P-l will* a ri-JI 
w* -M romrTMimrsH 4v2Slg 
53 «.r POCC nw BERN 4. 

ra:i-rt: of bond st oi^as 

SUPER SLG £! 1 st* l Tavi 

iiaiiiuj- worldwidi, 

t-amtminmaliOfM- refc- with inn 
•"■nior .‘s.-i s oo'il jN-rd twos <H 
ronndnrvr lot- w drarniian 
and tiam KP or siimur skills 
l"mll Jam-IIM Sisilon OIT1CE 
1SC1.LS Rnr Corns Ol 

ACCOUNT Evnuli'n in udinrln 
•mi is nam. mi iot> Id monllrt 
ano I was a Board Diinriorv 
"iriluiv «d Oirtands W rial 
h,i*io. , n."T I mn-n-il Markrtrlarr 
a" PA/s-s-r.-ian and was vn- 
ruu'a'ad |.- dninfoo Work 
haid. diilijlim and tou 

r./uld .V. ii l« Wr rn atowtnq 
l".l and runi-nllt n-m 
Pt/s-'i'iau-* In I fa trraun- 
Chin'inr airtl loam, and to two 
• nuiHi arrotin* diri-riors Wriln 
1.1 in-- I lOfia L'slrr Marki-I 
Ma.'<- ! UOpmjrJn Wai 

lul*"' l.i:i 4 IB 

ART GALLERY W—4 bid bm,. 
•.in Id MO In addition lo 
'■'•■ral iivr. ■ >ou 

snouki has.- .il I. as! Ehs'i* Lis 
ri ri.a«-n ,md an apprcrialion 
■il .of Cond siandard «M nlura 
I 1 .V 11 and oiiiikJ v-nrurul S‘llls 
rmuir*d Wrillt-n .lpmcdliuni 
ok'a;" Mrs Gillian Rmrosc. 
14“ -has. bund -ar.-ni London 
lilt Os\ 


T. !■ nf>"nrsl r.-lar". \ ant'd 
ilul“-. Liood sLandard ol f-tsura 
linn a-, w. 11 as usual vcrrurui 
skill- lla-a. knowlrdor ol 
riMiirsi isuniul vs iiiim a ppii 
tali' IIP. w.-aa Mrs Gillian 
P- m us. 1 47 Nmw Band term. 
LnndiM' Vs IS ONK 

RR HEATHROW t nr., £7.730 
sasr.-iarv I., worh in MD's o* 

In ■■ u* ■ klundnv) Hrtit opn Go. 
Gram 1 non hand & ivphk* 2 
v ars ■ s ur-r i.-nt >■ ABMv . 
MavdH’ Tapsrnn Mr-Mpmc 
H.-lh oo-i s sw.iuownrvd Was 
Hav— I.B.J ISP 

MATURE SEC 1/V300 - imprlils. 
%inri»'aii Co hasrd V*C1 avl. 
-/ha ml snr iron art mini Dark 
. in-,iind lu mu- lull P 4 suppnri 

Ini Inianro rsrr V»> 3050 
Driaihoi fica teraaii'vcMiii. 

Prr # jilts 

EDITORIAL SEC. lor puhtisruik] 
nil Nu SH Rnra'li /. wn f 

l-'.idimi I vt i-sp * 0 

whs huk Gill NiUlhi TLD Am 
'1 - 

auiifi dir.Tira of ujiiatio 

mi r-slmr nT nuvjnnr ww , j 

pable P l/Mvrnrani lo hrlp 
tmiaius.- hr tsslk ahudulr 
Tull ntiolimt-i.l will* ad (ran. 
(Ji.-nl Ibtsmn and wrcUnal 
-iippml X ir.iinindon WP r-sif 
In.sJ Drlials 408 ICCO Sltnr 
Xlllls ITIT rCMIS. 

I ■ 14 V'.trn for siraiH hum m rs 
n nttii-s Cril.i.U irks wort A 

li,i(rljii,imnu Naif ran f Him if 

sMisi.niiT DS SO C.V1I Saotnr 

His ' 4ms Ol «.'■ 

NO SHORTHAND. CanaW*- audio 
s* 10 mn small inrn oi sunri' 
or- 111 rvw knKihlsnndqr 
oflir.-s Good Lnollsii and VsP 
r\p .-sanlral Good salars Ol 
5MO cyt; 

SMI WHIZZ. sou voung an 
imisiasli. and mlnr»l«l in 
■..■Mina ..hh' in>- mosi mnlino ski 
uias.nurs a-illmi Iwaulass. and 
III alinu ssiin rlMdiLs-.' If so ring 
m ’.-r. iicjcrs 


lor Arrlillpris A 
D^amT’. nTtrunml A Hrnpo- 
rail pusjiions IMS4 Spunalisl 
Ris Cons Ol 7 id OSU 
A nrnjid ■« small Irlmdli Film 
Co Holland Park C7.000 
£H KC Call -’ulm an 23*1 5131 

GRADUATE rwuolkilcr ilrainrt-. 
lor l.imishral KHinu Cksn « 
■anaff uropi-nv rontpant nwvr 
Giravi Park Com moo smw. 
rnniim-ni and uuIsduhi nnson 
ami and onnd lipmu ownual. 
Dr iiin"i Iiniir* and local an 
•II— s a prtToquisii r |qt rl* 

DANISH 'Bnihini 

■ r -JS r.-larv Cn^ oil 
1 .. 4.14 dMf-4 Carrrlnor Am. 1 

HARLEY STREET. Consuiiaiil 

■■■■■I. i.n Ti.iuiri-. pal I U(|n- pn 
sal.- sotl-lari Ti-f ChiT OiSd 



Oiteaor of rawerty conuum 
ion 6 

soeaalcmg in conversion . 
lestcBdlwn of Grade l & II 
Leted oviUmgs nmk nu- 
merate assistant with good 
office stalls About 4 hrs 
naiiv Lgis at respansitHlny 

u he is away much of the 
Time 13.000 + generous 

Apply ui writing to 
David Shamash. 
Covert Garden Group, 
34, Floral Street, 
London WC2E 9DJ. 

L ■aaf.'l. l""Vs first rLns ain» 
i.iiliI noip mi a soil I'moloird 
is.- ..I Ir.isi 35 haursAi.s.fc 
Ri'Blv lu BOX G3*4 

HARLEY Nirnr Cunsnlianl -ur 

ir-Hi rni'iins pari jiui" pri> ai» 

— - Ida t -i- 11 'nh.ifw ni? ilf.S4 

Law Report October 16 1986 Court of Appeal 

Damages for loss of profit in land deal 

Sherneyfoni Supplies Ltd v 

Before Lord Justice Kerr, Lord 
Justice Parker and Lord Justice 

[Judgment given October 14} 

Where, in breach of a contract 
for the sale of land, the vendor 
was unable to give good title lo 
the land because of a defect in 
title or a defect of conveyance, 
the purchaser was entitled to 
damages for loss of profit unless 
the vendor established that be 
had taken all reasonable steps to 
remove the defect. 

The Court of Appeal so hekL 
allowing an appeal by the 
purchasers. Sharneyford Sup- 
plies Ltd against the decision of 
Mr Justice Mervyn Davies 
([1986] Ch 128) who declared on 
the trial of preliminary issues, 
that the damages recoverable by 
the purchasers in their action for 
breach of contract of sale offend 

contract, the solicitors stated on conveyancing, rather than title, 
the vendor's behalf that he was the vendor had a duty to do 
arranging for the property to be everything ibat he was enabled 
vacated and that they had been to do by the force of his own 
informed that the occupiers ".interest 'and by force of the 
could not rely upon the proteo- interest of others whom he 

against the vendor. Mr Philip 

ichael Edge, were to be as- 
sessed in accordance with the 
rule in Bain u Foihergill ((1874) 
LR 7 HL 158). and not in 
accordance with the general law. 

The judge had also declared 
that the vendor was to be 
indemnified as to damages and 
costs by the third party. Barring- 
ton Black Austin & Co. Leeds, 
the solicitors who had acted for 
the vendor in the contract of 

Mr Ebcn Hamilton. QC and 
Mr Terence Mowschenson for 
the purchasers; Mr John M. 
Collins for the vendor Mr Peter 
HorsfiekL QC and Mr W.D. 
Ainger for the third party. 


BALCOMBE said that the case 
raised the question of the 
application of the rule in Bain v 
Foihcrgilk in what circum- 
stances a purchaser could re- 
cover damages for loss of 
bargain when the vendor was in 
breach of contract 

The vendor was the freehold 
owner of registered land used as 
a maggot farm. The land was 
occupied by three people who 
supplied him with maggots. 

The vendor entered into 
negotiations with the purchasers 
for the sale of the form to them 
with vacant possession. The 
vendor made it dear to his 
solicitors, the third party, that 
the sale was to be with vacant 
possession and that in that 
connexion there was concern 

lion of Part If of the Landlord 
and Tenant Act 1954. 

The first pan of that answer 
was found to be untrue and 
there was no evidence that the 
fetter pan was correct. 

In due course contracts were 
exchanged. The contract, in the 
form of the Law Society's 
Contract for Sale (1973 Re- 
vision). provided by general 
condition 3(1) that the prepea-ty 
was sold with vacant possession 
on completion. 

The occupiers refused to 
move oul The vendor took no 
steps himself to secure their 
removal as his solicitors had 
told him to leave it to them. 

No proceedings were 
launched against the occupiers, 
counsel's opinion being that a 
business tenancy protected by 
the 1954 Act existed. Neither 
were notices to quit served on 
the occupiers. 

The vendor offered the 
occupiers a stun of money to 
vacate the property. They re- 
fused the offer and the vendor 

could compel to concur in the 
conveyance. That duty was 
absolute and went beyond the 
use of best endeavours. 

The rule no longer served a 
useful purpose and bad been 
described as "exceptional and 
anomalous". However, it was 
binding on the Court of AppeaL 

Notwithstanding Lord 
Chelmsford's statement that the 
rule should be taken to be 
without exception, an important 
exception to the rule was in- 

troduced ^by r Singleton 

rejected the occupiers' counter- 
oner of i 

■of £12.000. 

Completion never took place 
and the purchasers brought an 
action against the vendor daim- 

in $ truer alia damages for breach 

about the position of the occupi 

ers of the 
In answer to inquiries before 

contract under two heads: (t) 
the cost of in vestigaiing tide and 
other expenses of £472: and (ii) 
loss of profits of £131.544 with 
interest from the completion 
date to the date when alternative 
premises were found for the 
business of breeding maggots. 

At the trial of preliminary 
issues. Mr Justice Mervyn Da- 
vies declared the vendor liable 
to the purchasers for damages 
limited in accordance with the 
rule in Bain v Foihergill: and 
declared the solicitors liable to 
indemnify the vendor. 

The rule in Bain v FothergilL 
which stemmed from Flureau v 
Thornhill ((1776) 2 Wm Bi 
1078). was stated by Lord 
Chelmsford in these terms, at 
p207: “If a person enters into a 
contract for the sale of a real 
estate knowing dial he has no 
title to (L nor any means of 
acquiring it, the purchaser can- 
not recover damages beyond the 
expenses he has incurred . . 

The rule applied to the 
vendor's inability to complete 
because of a defect in his title. 
Whenever it was a matter of 

((1899] 2 

Like Bain v Foihergill that 
case concerned the sale of a 
leasehold interest when the 
lessor's consent to the- assign- 
ment was required. The Court of 
Appeal held that the vendor was 
under a duty to use bis best 
endeavours to procure the li- 
cence. and in the event of the 
vendor’s breach of that duty, the 
purchaser was entitled to .dam- 
ages for loss of bargain. 

That decision was not based 
on the feet that the vendor bad 
prevented the lessor's consent 
from being given. The ratio 
decidendi was to be found in the 
judgment of Sir Nathaniel Und- 
ley. Master of . the Rolls, at 

Day v Singleton had been 
recently followed and applied by 
the Court of Appeal in Atalhotra 
Choudhry ([1980] Ch 52), 

dale fixed for completion it 
constituted a defect in the 
vendor's title which prevented 
him from carrying out his 
contract to convey the arm witii 
vacant possession. The rule m 
Bain »■ Foihergill was thus prtnta 
facie applicable. . . 

’ Had the vendor established 
that he -had done all that be 
reasonably could to mitigate the 
effect of his breach of contract 
by trying id remove the defect 
'on his tide? 

The judge (bund that be had, 
but at no time had the vendor 
given the occupiers notice to 
determine their tenancy, either 
at common law or under section 
25 of the 1954 Act 

Fn the absence of such nonces, 
his Lordship found it impossible 
to sav that the vendor 1 had done 

alf that be reasonably could to 
of his breach 

mitigate the effect of 
by trying -to- remove the defect 
on his title and acquiring vacant 
possession of the firm. . It 
mattered not that the attempt to . 
uy to dear the farm might have 

The duty to use best 
endeavours did not oblige the 
vendor to offer the occupiers a 
reasonable sum to vacate the 

The qi 

.... quantum of damages 
recoverable by the purchasers 
for breach of contract was 
therefore to be assessed in 
accordance with the general law, 
but so that they might also 
recover further damages (if any) 
in tort for innocent, mis- 

where one of two joint owners 
(husband and wife) entered into 
a contract for sale of a house. 
When sued on his contract the 
husband claimed that he was 
unable to make good title be- 
cause his co-owner would not 
agree to the sale. 

The Court of Appeal held that 
where a vendor of real property 
sought to limit his liability for 
breach of contract under the rule 
in Bain v Foihergill be had a 
duty to show that he had used 
his'best endeavours to fulfil his 
contractual obligations, both in 
the case of a defect of title and of 

.It was not seriously chal- 
lenged in the present case that 
the occupiers had a periodic 
of the farm which 
a legal estate in the land 

agreeing, said that he concurred 
with the provisional views ex- 
pressed by the Law Commission 
Working Paper (No 98 of 1 986) 
on the desirability of abolishing 
the rule in Bain v FothergilL 
subject lo the vendor's right 
expressly to limit his liability. 

and' was subject to the protec- 

lion of Part H of the Landlord 
and Tenant Act 1954. 

Since the tenancy could not be 
determined until long after the 

agreeing, said that there was no 
reason why the rule should 
apply where a tenant had offered 
to surrender his tenancy but the 
vendor failed to accept the offer 
or pay the price, either -because 
he did not wish to or because he 
did not have the resources to do 

The court granted have to 
appal to the House of Lords. 

Solicitors: Howes PerdvaL 
Northampton; Codlove 
SaJftnan Lyth & Goldman, 
Honsforth: Willey Hargrave. 

When landlord’s consent not obtained 

29 Equities Ud v Bank Lenmi 
(UK) Ltd 

Before Lord Justice Dillon. 
Lord Justice Croom-Johnson 
and Lord Justice Balcombe 
(Judgment given October 10) 

which needed mention was the 
usual covenant that the term 
should not be assigned without 
the landlord's consent which 
was not to be unreasonably 

Under a contract for the sale 
of leasehold property which 
incorporated the National Con- 

ditions of Sale. (20th edition) the 
question whether a fendlot 

consent to assignment of a lease 
“cannot be obtained” within the 
meaning of condition I H 5) was 
a question of fact to be decided 
in the light of common sense at 
the date of any purported ex- 
ercise of the power given by the 
condition lo rescind the contract 
of sale. 

The Court of Appeal allowed 
on appeal from a decision of Mr 
Justice Knox given on March 
II. 1986. whereby he had dis- 
missed a summons by the 
purchasers. 29 Equities Ltd. for 
specific performance of an 
agreement for the sale of lease- 
hold premises at Flat 47. 27/29, 
Aberrant Place. St John's 
Wood. London and had granted 
the vendors. Bank Leumi (UK) 
Ltd. an order vacating a caution 
against dealings in respect of the 
Hat registered at the Land 
Registry b> the purchasers. 

Mr Terence Ethenon, who 
did noi appear below, for the 
purchasers: Mr Timothy W. E. 
Evans for the vendors. 

said that the property in ques- 
tion was a leasehold fiat held at a 
ground rent for a term of 99 
years from September 29. 1970. 

The only term of the lease 

The contract for sale of the 
flat had been enured into on 
July 10. 1985. The contractual 
completion date was Friday, 
November 29, 1985, and the 
contract incorporated the Na- 
tional Conditions of Sale, under 
condition 5 of which time was 
not to be of the essence. As the 
property was leasehold, con- 
dition 1 1 applied. 

The effect of condition 1 1(5) 
was that if the contract was 
rescinded by the vendor under 
that condition he was to return 
the deposit without interest and 
the purchaser was to return the 
abstract: m other words the deal 
was called off. 

The purchaser s were a com- 
pany incorporated m the Chan- 
nel Islands. At the time of the 
contract they had only recently 
been established mid did not 
have a bank account in the 

On the day following tire 
cum rad the vendors’ solicitors 
sent to the landlords' managing 
agents such rudimentary ref- 
erences as had previously been 
supplied by the purchasers’ 
solicitors. The agents replied on 
August 28 that they were going 
to seek the landlords' instruc- 
tions as to their requirements. 

That had produced on 
September 18 a letter requiring, 
among other things, satisfactory 
bank references, lull details of 
the company and two British- 
based personal guarantors. On 

November 28 the purchasers* 
solicitors had written putting 
forward the names of two 
individuals in London as guar- 

On Monday. December 2 the 
vendors' solicitors purported to 
exercise the power under con-, 
dition 1 1(5) to rescind the 
contract because the landlords’ 
consent had not been obtained. 

condition 1 1(5) was exercisable 

In feet shortly thereafter two 
different individual guarantors 
were suggested by the 
purchasers: solicitors, and they 
and the references were accepted 
by the landlords', agents on 
January 22, 1986. 

So fer as the landlords were 
concerned the matter would 
then have gone to their solicitors 
for preparation of the formal 
licence to assign, but it did not 
because the vendors were 
maintaining that the contract 
had been validly rescinded by 
the notice under condition 

The purchasers registered a 
caution against the title and 
issued a writ claiming specific 
performance.' followed by a 
summons for summary judg- 
ment under Order 86 of the 
Rules of the Supreme Court. 
The vendors countered with a 
motion to vacate the caution. 

Mr Justice Knox had consid- 
ered whether the vendors would 
have been entitled when the 
landlords' consent had not been 
obtained to serve a notice to 
complete under condition 22, 
and had. inclined to the view 
that the vendors were in no safe 
position to do so. 

He had said that “cannot be 
obtained” in condition 1 1(5) did 

on December 
• That involved drastic rewfit 
tug- of tite condition - and 
concentration on a date not 
mentioned in the danse at alL 
The question was whether it 
could fairly be aid at the date 
when the vendor exercised his 
purported right to rescind that 
the landlords’ consent “cannot 
be obtained”. ' 

That was a simple question of 
feet to be decided in the light of 
common sense. There was no 
doubt that it was impossible to 
say on December 2 that the 
consent coukl not be obtained 
unless a gloss- was put on the 
condition and it was asked 
whether it was forthcoming by 
November 29. 

There was no doubt that the 
vendors were not in a position 
to serve a notice under-con- 
dition 11(5) when they had 
served it. and it had been 
ineffective to bring the contract 
to an end. It was not necessary 
to consider what the -vendonf 
position under condition 22 
would have been because they 
bad never given notice under 
that condition. 

The appeal should be allowed 
and an order for specific perfor- 
mance granted. 

Lord Justice Croom-Johnson 
and Lord Justice Balcombe 

Solicitors: William Stockier & 
Co: Isadora Goldman & Son . . 

Jury direction on wounding by dog 

Regina r Dome (Constantine) 
Before Lord Justice Mustill. Mrs 
Justice Butlcr-Sloss and Sir 
John Thompson 
(Judgment October 10] 

If it were possible for a 
person who did not intend 
injury but was reckless as to its 
occurrence, to commit the of- 
fence of malicious wounding by 
releasing a dog which then bit 
the complainant, it would be 
necessary for a jury trying such a 
charge to be directed meticu- 
lously fi) as to what kind of act 
they were to look for as the actus 
reus, (ii) to identify the 
defendant's state of mind with 
which the act was associated, 
and (iii) to consider whether 
that act was the proximate cause 
of lhc injury. 

The Court of Appeal (Crim- 
inal Division) so held allowing 
an appeal by the defendant. Mr 
Constantine Dumc. against his 
conviction by Kingston upon 

Thames Crown Court (Judge 
Baker and a jury) of maliciously 
wounding a police officer, con- 
trary to section 20 of the 
Offences against the Person Act 
1861. The conviction was 

Miss Sasha Wass. assigned by 
the Registrar of Criminal Ap- 
peals. Tor the defendant: 

Noel Lucas for the Crown. 

been that the officer bad been 
the victim of the dog's exu- 
berance unconnected with any 
act of the defendant. 


delivering the judgment of the 
court, said that evidence bad 
been given at the trial that the 
defendant standing in his hall- 
way. had released bis dog. 
saying “Kill that man”. The dog 
had rushed towards the police 
officer, knocked him over and 
bitten him on the inside, upper 

The prosecution .contention 
throughout had been that the 
defendant had deliberately 
caused the dog to bite the 
officer the defence case had 

The judge, however, bad . di- 
rected the jury that the defen- 
dant would be -guilty of 'the 
offence if. m the absence of any 
intention to wound the officer, 
he had released the dog, reckless 
as to the possibility of the officer 
being injured. 

If it was indeed the law that 
the offence of malicious ^ wound- 
ing could be committed by 
effectively using a dog as a 
weapon (which ' it was not 
necessary for' the court to de- 

cided the jury would have to be 

satisfied that the defendant had 
done ‘Some act with the nec- 
essary mens rva. which ' had 
caused the victim to suffer the 

Where the matter was further 
complicated by the addition of 

the issue of recklessness, the jury 

would need to be meticulously ' 
directed on three matters. They 
'should be told what kind of act.!, 
to look- for and instructed to 
'identify the state of mind with 
which that act was associated. 
The jury’s- mind should be ! 
directed to the question whether ' 
that act was the proximate cause 
of the injury. 

The jury here were not given . 
any such help and they had had 
insufficient guidance as to how - 
to tackle the issue. That ' was a 
material irregularity which re- . 
quire d tite conviction to be!: 
quashed. . T 

It was not therefore necessary 
- to decide whether the decision 
of. the Divisional Court in. IT (a • 
Minor) v Dolby ([\ 983] Crim LR 
38 1), as to the test of reckless- « 
ness to be applied in relation to a 
charge of malicious wounding : , 
-was correct. 

Solicitor Crown Prosecution i 
■Service; • 

Qualifying days for 
overseas tax relief 

Platten (Inspector of Taxes) v 

For the purpose of calculating 
overseas earning relief for short 
absences from the United King- 
dom that was granted by Sched- 
ule 7 to the Finance Act 1977. 
account could be taken of days 
worked overseas that were not 
“qualifying days” within the 
definition in paragraph 2(1) 

Mr Justice Hoffmann so held 
in the Chancery Division on 
October 10 dismissing an in- 
come tax appeal by the Crown 
from a decision of Beacon! fee 
general commissioners in fe- 
\our of the taxpayer. 

Hearing opposed 
ex parte appeals 

HIS LORDSHIP said that the 
case required decision of a point 
left open by the Court of Appeal 
in Vamham v Decbie {The 
Times March 4. 1985). 

in addition to "qualifying 
days" the taxpayer had per- 
formed overseas duties that 
were excluded from the defi- 

nition of “qualifying days" be- 
: Unit 

The provisions of the 1977 Act 
giving such relief were : 
by Schedule 23 of the 
Act 1984.. 

cause he returned to the United 
Kingdom before midnight. The 
Crown’s case that the commis- 
sioners had erred in law in 
including such additional days 
was wrong. Paragraph 2(1) did 
not require that “emoluments 
from the employment* 
attributable to duties performed 
outside the United Kingdom” 
to be confined to those per- 
formed on “qualifying days".; 

Hunter arid Partners L v 
Welting and Partners 
Although the Court of Appeal - 
had jurisdiction to. hear an 
appeal from the grant of interim . 
interlocutory injunctions on an 
"opposed er partd* hearing, 
such appeals were to be dep- 
recated. The usual procedure 
should be to allow the ex parte 
motion to stand over to a 
subsequent - inter parties hearing 
when both sides’ .'.evidence 
would be before the court the 

party aggrieved by. the -Older on 
that hearing could ”* 

then appeal 
without . leave under section 
18(1 X*) of the Supreme Court 
Act 1981. 

The Court of Appeal (Low! 
Justice May . and Mr Justice 
HoHings) so stated in a reserved 
.uwtenient T-pbC.! 

allowing m part an appeal from 
ah order made by Mr Justice 
Walion on an “opposed ex 
pond* hearing on July 16- 

that, strictly analysed, foe op- 
posed ex pane hearing consisted 
of an ex parte motion for the* 
injunctions, which was grained, 
followed iraraedialdy . by . an-' 
inter panes motion for their. 

discharge. The appeal was frour'i 
the orde r s, made on the latter 

motion, when the ontyevidenar. 

before foe court bad been that of 
the plaintiff; and not from the’ 
grant of injunctions on an inter 
pmTeHieanng. .. 

It was gmeraBy' most nti-* 
sansfetaory fir the Court of’ 
Appear lo beaskedtbadjudicaK* 
on an 'appeal whins ~ - 

W' : 

■i* j. 

• » V. 
7 V 


. ,.i ■ 

i ■ 


’ . % 



not mean* “cannot ever be 
obtained" but that it was. 
equivalent' to **is not 
forthcoming”, and. looking at 
the matter at the contractual 
date for completion, the 
vendors' right to rescind under 









i . c 1 



Challengers fare 

Home rule has 

cast doubts 
Perth’s sense 

of fair play 

CV. ** 

another set-back in the battle for the Ameri ca’s Cup 

v*' >-v./ . ■ 7 ? l .*/ & "/■?£'* 


■ ^ an Bond was fieht- 

v!iv^W nstth eN?l 
™ Yacht Club, members of 

his own dub in Penh were ^ 

first to shout “four whenever 
the Cup holders showed an 
instinct to favour their 
defenders on points of law 

N°w the boot is on the other 

foot and the Royal Penh YC, 
the current custodians of the 
Cup and the Deed of Gift 
controlling the race con- 
ditions. appear just as adept at 
waiving the roles to suit 

The latest set-back to the 
challengers is the club’s insis- 
tence that replacement keels - 
which are being changed here 
as fast as the Ughtbulbs illu- 
minating round-the-clock 
maintenance — can only be 
cast in the challenging coun- 
tnes * . * s a decision that 
presents overseas syndicates 
with airfreight charges in ex- 
cess of £70, for e£h 20- um 

Changes in keel shape have 
become an integral pan of 
every 12-metre development 
programme, and this latest 
financial restriction leaves the 
challengers at a severe dis- 
advantage- to the defence syn- 


dicates. who between them 
have more than 20 differently- 
copngurated wing keels at 
their disposal. 

“The decision is sheer 
rwnsen*," Graham Walker. 
Britain's syndicate head, said 
yesterday. “We are allowed to 
extrude masts, produce sails 
and modify our boats here. 
We contend the keel is pan of 
the boat and that changing its 
shape is merely a modification 
to the buil.“ 

The British syndicate has 
bitten to the Yacht Club 
Costa Smeralda, challenger of 
I? cor r« pointing out that 
Royal Perth have no right to 
make a ruling on the matter 
without first gaining a de- 
cision from the Supreme 
Court in New York. This 
court was the legal adjudicator 
onall Cup matters since the 
Deed of Gift governing this 
match race series was first 
drawn up in 1857. 

Despite this appeal, which 
has now been passed to the 
Royal Penh Yacht Club. the 
Cup holders are under no 
obligation to test their inter- 
pretation of the rules in the 
American courts and have 

Vi/.:- r 

■ #*- v" ■■■ • f T 


• \t*., : ft.'.- :• 

V. - . f r JSB*3&£r.- " 

*. ■ .:</ v, : -*i,v. v .'J 

V ; • 

* . <- ; : i-- ■; ? V f ■ T .*■ v ‘ 

Clean sweep: Chris Law, helmsman of Britain’s White Crusader, gets down to work on the yacht's winged keel 

A breeze for Kolius craft 

V- ts 

Touch up for Crusader 


White Crusader, the name 
painted on the side of Britain's 
America's Cup 1 2 metre yacht 
when Guinness, promoting 
White Horse whisky, poured 
£1.1 million into the challenge 
last month, was given the all- 
clear after the Royal Thames 
Syndicate offered to change 
the curved lettering to avoid 
comparisons with the whisky 
logo (Barry Pickthall writes). 

A sign-writer worked 
throughout the day yesterday 
re-painting the name on Ijoih 
sides of the boat in plain script 
ready for today's match race 

against Eagle after the revised 
artwork had been passed by 
the international jury. 

The decision to allow the 
name White Crusader and 
other titles with commercial 
overtones such as French Kiss 
and Azzurra now adds consid- 
erable pressure on the Inter- 
national Yacht Race Union to 
amend or abolish its 
controversial Rule 26 barring 
overt sponsorship within the 
sport when Union members 
from across the world meet in 
London next month for their 
annual conference. 

warned that should a yacht 
that replaces its keel with one 
cast on Australian soil win 
through to the position of 
challenger, it may face a 
protest from the Royal Perth 
and then be found ineligible. 

As the challengers have no 
legal recourse to the New York 
courts themselves and know 
the matter would have to be 
settled by an international 
jury, they are looking for ways 
around the ruling. The British 
have asked themselves what 
constitutes home territory — 
could they set up a foundry in 
the gardens of the British High 
Commission or have the cast- 
ings poured in Hong Kong? 

Whatever the legal argu- 
ments. the decision made by 
the Royal Perth flies in the 
face of fair play and all that 
they' fought against during the 
nine years it took Alan Bond 
to prise the Cup from the 
protective clutches of the New 
York YC 

From Keith Wheatley, Fremantle 


New Zealand IV ... 
Stats and Stripes 

America II 

Wt*Je Crusader .... 

Won Lost | 
9 0| 

America II continued her 
winning role here with a dose 
but professional victory over 
French Kiss in the lOih day of 
the challenger elimination se- 
ries. While Crusader had a 
scheduled layday yesterday be- 
fore meeting Eagle today. 

After a hard-fought start 
which Marc Pajoi won by eight 
seconds, the Frenchmen could 
have been forgiven for op- 
timism. But John Kolius has 
been sailing here for three years. 
He has watched a lot of 
winds hifts since 1984. The 
Texan, aged 34. picked them all 
in the first leg yesterday and ai 
the top mark America II led 
French Kiss by 53 seconds. 

Fine sailing by Pajot and well- 
drilled crew-work chipped away 
the America II lead on each of 
the following legs. At the third 
mark the pride of the New York 
Yacht Gub were only 17 sec- 
onds adrift. Yet it was all for 
naughL Directed by John 
Bertrand, the ice-cool tactician, 
Kolius slapped a tight cover on 

French Kiss and, despite a 
tacking duel up the 3.25 nautical 
miles, finished 33 seconds 

The invincible Kiwis kept 
marching on with a big win over 
Eagle. Rod Davis aboard the 
Californian boat took the start, 
but that was all. Dickson's 
confidence should be in good 
shape for today's brawl with 
Dennis Conner. Over-con- 
fidcnce is the only conceivable 
worry in the New Zealand 

Azzurra again suffered failure 
of her steering gear, the rudder 
stock breaking for the second 
day running, and the match 
went by default to Challenge 
France. The Marseilles team 
now has two victories. On 
Tuesday they won a protest 
against French Kiss. 

Canada II sailed a close race 
against Dennis Conner and 
Stars and Stripes. At the top 
mark Conner was only five 
seconds in front, haring fluffed 
the start and losing 21 seconds 

to the crew from Vancouver 
after being forced to go about. 
However, be hauled away on 
every subsequent leg. 

In other races Heart of Amer- 
ica beat Courageous, although 
not by smite of the outrageous 
margins that the old lady has 
lately been suffering The race is 
subject to protest following a 
pre-start collision. 

Yesterday’s results 

H**t 1: USA US61 (US) 3lir SMmn 37sec 
W Italia 17 (It). 32829. Wtna ta g margin: 

as 2 . 

Hem i Heart of America US51 (US) 
3:25:26 W Courageous US26 (US), 
3:3009. WMng maigm:4:«3. iProtasU. 
Heat 3: ChaSenge Franca (F r) £31:49 bt 
Azzurra HO (tt). rot 

Heal ft Now Zealand KZ7 (NZ) 3-T&07 U 
Eagle USfiO (US). 32048. Wtarmg gw 

& America B US46KJS) 32233 tx 

323 :06 Wfcmmg 


Frencn Kiss F7 (Fr). 
margin: 033. 

Hen & Sors and 
3:1820 bt Canada II KC2 (Can), 

W inn in g imglfE 2:19. 


Stars and Stripes v New Zealand: Azzurra 
w America II; White Crusader w Eagle; Italia 
v Courageous CtalengK France v USA; 
French Kss v Kean of America. 


Wily Kenyon puts 
a dampener on 
Williams’s night 

By Colin McQuillan 

Universal dampness and sin- 
gular dedication to victory com- 
bined on Tuesday to put 
Poundstretcher Dunnings Mill, 
the whipping boys of past 
seasons, at the head of the iwo- 
week-okl American Express Pre- 
mier League. Packed houses 
around the country contributed 
to sweaty court conditions on a 
dank autumn evening. 

At Afdleigh Hall, near Col- 
chester. the InterCiiy-Cannons 
team squeezed a narrow 3-2 
victory only after an argu- 
mentative 15-mmutc delay led 
to the switch of the vital first 
string match, between Del Har- 
ris and Jamie Hickox, to a dry 
but isolated outside court 

There are official protests in 

the pipeline about that one. 

At Leicester, the Chapel 
AHerton player/ manager, David 
Pearson, pulled his second 
string, Stuart Hailstone, off the 
court two games down to Martin 
Bodinscade to avoid un- 
necessary risk on a slippery floor 
in an already lost cause. 

Meanwhile, at Nottingham, 
five different courts were used 
to achieve a home whitewash 
which left deprived ticket hold- 
ers disgruntled behind the 
sweating showcoun. 

Philip Kenyon, reigning Brit- 
ish champion, at first suing for 
the East Grinstead 
Poundstretcher team in Man- 
chester. found climatic con- 
ditions conversely less extreme 
yet infinitely more helpfuL 

Two games down and under 
extreme pressure in the third 
from Geoff Williams of Man- 
chester Northern, the 1985 Brit- 
ish champion returning to form 
after long injury problems. Ken- 
yon levelled his frustration at 
the moisture on the court floor 
to disrupt the rhythm of a match 
flowing disastrously against 

Kenyon started well, building 
a three points lead in the 
ie. but was unable to 
with the variety of pace, 
shot and disguise employed 
against him as the Manchester 
first string warmed to his game. 

Williams won the first gome 
9-4 in 19 minutes and went on 
to cut Kenyon to pieces 9-0 in 

the second in less than half that 
lime, winning virtually every 
rally with sliced shots to die 
from nicks. 

The talL left-handed Williams 
is on the comeback trail after 

extensive surgery to repair sev- 
ered knee ligaments, with the 
aim of regaining his title from 
Kenyon at next month's na- 
tional championships in Bristol. 

He lost in straight games, 
when they met last weekend in 
an invitation event and was 
plainly intent upon making a 
greater psychological impact in 

Kenyon, a wily old cam- 
paigner, knows all too well that 
fighting adage about breaking up 
opponents who cannot be 
stopped by direct means, He also 
complained about the floor in 
the second game, although Wil- 
liams was flying about the court 
at extraordinary speed with 
apparent security. 

In the third game Kenyon 
asked for a towel at 3-1. slipped 
and tell at h-3 to cause a four- 
minute delay dealing with the 
sweat deposited by his own 
soddened clothing. ' then initi- 
aled a six-minute debate about 
dangerous conditions when Wil- 
liams fell heavily at 8-8 on that 
same patch. 

It was a masterly intervention 
from which Williams never 
recovered, with Kenyon at one 
stage appearing to concede and 
even taking lime to change into 
dry clothing while his rapidly 
cooling challenger was arguing 
and pushing towels across the 
court floor. 

The Dunnings Mill man won 
the resumed game I0-*J and 
went on to mop up the match 9- 
7, 9-4, giving his team their 
second 5-0 victory and leader- 
ship of the national league in 
which they have previously 

RESULTS: AiMricm Express Pnmhr 
League: Manchester Nortnern O. 
Poundstretcher Dinings Mti & Notung- 
iwn 5. Arrow VUage lAosnnckl C. HUB 
West Country 3. Visco Monroe iWtekeM) 
2: SXd Lecsstor 4. Crape) ABenon V. 
ArtJteigti Hal (Colchester) 2. tnwCity- 
Cannons (London) 3. Standings: 
Poundstretcher Dunnmgs Mid 14. Sul 
Leicester 12: ImerCity Cannons 11: Cha- 
pel Aflorton S. Nottingham 8; Hate West 
Country 6. Mancflbsier Northern 8. Vrsco 
Monroe 3. Ardtagh MaH 2: Arrow Vdoge 0. 


Canada N 


French Kiss 

Heart ot America . 
France . 


Courageous IV 




:ipP cJ 


? Strachan’s 
hopes at 
high tide 

By Jenny MacArthnr 

Clarissa Strachan and Delphy 
Dazzle, the horse on which she 
won the team gold medal at this 
year's world championships in 
May in Australia, compete this 
week at the Boekelo three-day 
event in The Netherlands which 
starts today. 

Delphy Dazzle, owned 
Gateway Food market Ltd, fell 
in the water in the world 
championships — Miss Strachan 
having paid the penalty for 
being the team's pathfinder — 
but he proved at Tetbury last 
month, where he had a good 
outing, that water holds no fear 
for him. Miss Strachan is now 
hoping for a successful perfor- 
mance here to end the season on 
a happy note. 

Lucinda Green, who is nurs- 
ing a sprained ankle after a fell 
from Count de Bolebec last 
weekend, also hopes to finish 
with a flourish with Shannagb 
on whom she finished fourth 
last year. Shannagh. who was 
suffering from a travel virus 
when he arrived at Boekelo. has 
been Mrs Green's backstop in a 
year which has seen Willy B and 
Brass Monkey, her advanced 
horses, temporarily sidelined 
with splints. He carae third at 
ihe Luhmuhlen three-day event 
in West Germany in August and 
then won his class at both 
Tetbury and HoJker Hall in 

With nine other British riders 
competing this week, including 
Loma Clarke with the promis- 
ing Feariisih Mor. Claire Ma- 
son, the runner-up at Chats- 
wprth. with The Expert and 
Rodney Powell with General St 
Majors, the runner-up at Wind- 
sor. (he British look set to 
compensate for last year's ex- 
pedition when, for the first lime 
since ihe event started in 1971. 
Britain was without a rider in 
the lop three. 

One rider they will not have 
io contend with ihis time is 
Bruce Davidson, the American 
former dual world champion 
who won last year on Dr 

Davidson, the runner-up to 

Mrs Long at Bmghley last 
month on J J Babu, is resting on 
his laurels after winning last 
month's Chcsterlands three-day 
event, held on his farm m 
Pennsylvania, on Noah. 



Veteran sets 
new record 

The veteran George Sawyer, 
aged 58. yesterday broke the 100 
miles per how barrierin this 
year’s Powerboat Records At- 
tempts Week on Windermere. 
He raced over the measured 
kilometre ai an average of 
J03.87mph to break his own 
national record, only ret on 
Tuesday, of 96.00mph in the 
700cc hydroplane class. 

Mike Hamflton-Smith ret a 
new national record for the S5 
class of five-litre sports in boards 
with a Speed of 66.98mph and 
Philip Waroer- raised Ws own 
13 record from 64.1 1 to _ 

British squad has 
food for thought 


issue 6 October 16 1986 80p 

Group therapy ud psychol- 
ogy are doc high on die list of 
topis discossed in Ruby 
League dressmgrooaB. Yet they 
may weft be secret weapons £b r 
Great Britain when serious 
training begins next week for the 
opening international against 
Australia at Old TraHbrd on 
Satiwday week. 

Mamie? Bamford, the Great 
Britain coach, need map ther- 
apy and sport psycte®fiogy ses- 
sions with his squad during last 
season’s series against New 
Zealand — and Britain tied the 
series with vastly improved 
performances after their dreary 
years- as international second- 

Next Monday the sqnad will 
move into their training camp 
and headquarters, the plush, 
spacious Shaw Hill Golf and 
Comtry Chib in open country- 
side near Cborley in Lancashire. 
Surprisingly, Bamford insists 
foal the week before the inter- 
national wfii not be devoted to 
vigorous, pueffing training. 
“We don’t want to create a so - - c ! 
of fit players, then have them 
polling muscles on the eve of the 
match," he said. 

“Of course there will be 
training sessions devoted to 
handling skills, and partknlarly 
to the arts of kicking, bat it is of 
prime importance that we get the 
mental attitude right." 

So, bow does be help develop 
the right attitude? Although he 
becomes cagey on the subject, 
Bamford, in effect, encourages 
players to talk frankly in open. 


Keith MackUn 

session about their inner prob- 
lems and what they see as then- 
playing weaknesses. These are 
then disenssed and thrashed out 
with other team members, with 
each player's strengths also 
oat to boost overall 

Bamford has enlisted the aid 
of a lecturer in sport psychology 
from one of the major univer- 
sities, and hfe team pules include 
tore colled from mental ex- 
ercises ased by international 
motor-radng drivers, tomb 
players and American grid-iron 

The sessions are to be super- 
vised jointly by Bamford, Les 
Bettinson, the team hubuk, 
Phfl Larder, the League's direc- I 
tor of ct Kichlng, ami the physio- < 
therapist, Mike Stabler. 

Bamford believes his team can 
win the series after the unhappy 
years of British inferiority. He 
does not believe the 1986 
Australian tourists have as j 
many individual match winners , 
as the “invindbles" of the 1982 1 
tonr, but is under no 3tnsi0fi5 I 
about the difficulty of the task 

He also believes that tactical 
and Une lucking is a speciality of I 
the 1986 Australians, and this is , 
another subject which will figure 
largely in next week's, 


Rehe replaces Lloyd in 
Wightman Cup team 


New York (Reuter) — Steph- 
anie Rehe has replaced the 
injured Chris Lloyd in the 
United Slates Wightman Cu 

team, <t was' announc 


Lloyd. who has played in 12 
Wightman. Cups and has a 
record of 26 singles victories 
without defeat, withdrew from 
the squad last week to rest an 
injured left knee. 

Rehe. aged 16 -and ranked 
thirteenth in the world, was a 
member of the 1984 junior 
Wightman Cup team. She joins 
Bonnie Gadusek, Kathy 
Rinaldi, Anne White and Hire 
Burgin in the team that meets 
Britain at the Royal Albert Hall 
from October 30 t 

to November 

Mary Riessen, coach to the 
American team, said that Lloyd 
was disappointed at having to 
withdraw. "She always eqjoys 
playing Wightman Cup and 
' ying in London,” she said. 
"But shell be rooting for the 
American team." 

_ SYDNEY: Brad Drewen. of 
Australia, got off to the perfect 
start in the Australian indoor 
championships with a first 
round victory over the South 
African Christo Van Rensburg. 

Drewen said his solid 7-6. 7-4, 
6-1 performance against flic 
sixth seed, ranked 54th in the 
world, was the result of nmd 
work to improve his own world 
ranking of. 195. Bui with ttat 
hurdle successfully cleared he 

Rehe: faces Britain 

Australia’s Davis Cup semi- 
final victory against the United 
States in Brisbane last week - 
for a place in the quarter-finals. 

He feces a difficult obstacle in 
his attempt to gain a berth in the 
quarter-finals when be feces Pat 

Under no illusions about the 
task feeing him. Drewett said: 
“If he jdays like be .did in 
Brisbane, be'U Wow me away. 
But if you look at his form on 
bard surfaces, . . . he's not so 
convincing.. I think I've got a 
good chance.” 

In another match the fifth- 
seeded Marcel Freeman, of the 
United States, made the quar- 
ter-finals with a 6-2. 7-5 victory I 
over the Australian. Mare: I 
Ed mondso n. 





a timebomb 

in Adelaide 

Ulster revival 

No 1 spots* ~ 


_ . . x- 




















in • 



ob 1 











: * 



* * * fr 6 It SL 


- Then Again to strike for Cumani 

P _ _ _ . . . _ c di.j. ../t TJMMmmw «' hiohlv rtffvmkm* Wn 

By Mandarin 
(Michael Phillips) 

Then Again is napped to 
continue trainer Luca 
Cumani’s memorable season 
by winning the Ricard Chal- 
lenge Stakes at Newmarket 
this afternoon; even though 
the dista nc e of seven furlongs 
will be the shortest he has run 
ail season. 

With that habitual front- 
runner Presidium, who set a 
new track record for seven 
furlongs at York in August, 
also in the field and trying to 
emulate his eider half-brother. 
Kris, who won the race is 
1979, the gallop is likely to be 
fierce. This will help Then 
Again whose most recent vic- 
tory was achieved in the 
Waterford Crystal Mile at 
Goodwood hi August when he 

was ridden by GreviUe 
Starkey, his partner today . 

The only bad race that Then 
Again has run this year was in 
the Derby, despite finishing 
13th. But the simple explana- 
tion for that was a lade of 
stamina. And on reflection, 
that was not surprising be- 
cause Then Again is by 
Jaazeiro and out of a mare by 
Reform, who was himself by 
Pall Malt And, basically, that 
is a miter’s pedigree pure and 
simple. Lack of stamina also 
cost Then Again a nice race 
over ten furlongs at Haydock 
early in August But visitors to 
Goodwood certainly saw him 
in his true colours, as indeed 
did those who watched him 
win a valuable handicap 
under top weight over a mile 
on today's track in July. 

Our Newmarket Correspon- 

dent George Robinson, who 
has been monitoring an of 
Then Again's recent home- 
work. yesterday reported him 
to be in particularly fine fettle 
— so much so that he also 
ventured the opinion that he is 
the best bet of the day. 

Judged on the Goodwood 
running Then Again has noth- 
ing to fear from Sarah, Hadeer 
and Grey Desire, who finished 
sixth, seventh and last respec- 
tively, although to be fair, aO 
three are capable of better, 
especially Sarab who will rel- 
ish today's distance. In this 
instance though. Efisio, who 
won the race twelve months 
ago on the Rowley Mile 
course, looks the main danger 
to my nap. Recently he had 
the disappointing Truely 
Nurcyev and Hadeer behind 
him when he finished third to 

Sure Blade and Teteprompter 
in the Queen Elizabeth II 
Stakes over a mile at Ascot 
Also third in the Prix Jac- 
ques Le Marois over a mile at 
Deauville before that Efisio 
could easily benefit from this 
return to seven furlongs. 

Saker, from the same stable 
as Then Again, is a rather 
more speculative choice to 
win the Embla Handicap, 
sponsored by Charies St 
George. It is in Saker's favour 
that he is both fresh and 
relatively under-exposed. 

Twelve months ago, the 
EBF Chesterton Maiden 
Stakes- was won in emphatic 
style by that useful colt Altez 
Milord. This time the race has 
had to be divided. Legal Bid 
(135). my selection for the 
first division, is reported to be 

a highly promising half- 
brother to that good horse, 
Law Society, by Spectacular 
Bid. the grey who earned off 
the first two Iqgs of the 
American triple crown m 
1979. Today, cm his debut. 
Legal Bid's reputation, not to 
mention bis mettle, win be 
tested by Zaizoom. who fin- 
ished fifth m the Rqyal Lodge 
Stakes at Ascot last month 
after running, a promising 
second at Newbury first time 


Print a most emphatic 
winner of the Highdere Nurs- 
ery at Newbury last month, 
albeit with only 7st J2Ibon his 
back then as opposed to 9st 
21b now, looks poised to give 
bis sire, the first season sensa- 
tion Sharpo. another strike by 
winning die A R Dennis 

Then Again, Luca Cmnani^colt, looks set for another coarse *f Newaifat 


&40 RICARD CHALLENGE STAKES (Group HI: £23,306: 7f) (12 


By Mandarin 

ZOO Good Point- 

235 Legal Bid. 

3.05 Prim. 

3.40 THEN AGAIN (nap). 
4.10 Saker. 

4.45 Daarkom. 

5.15 Vestris. 

By Our Newmarket 
ZOO Good Point. 
2.35 Legal Bid. 

3.05 Print. 

3.40 Then Again. 
4.10 Saker. 

4.45 Daakrora. 

5.15 Magical Lace. 

By Michael Seely 
3.05 Print. 3.40 Then Again. 

The Times Private Handicapper’s top rating: 235 ZAIZOOM. 

Guide to our in-line racecard 

103 pZ) 04X32 TJMESFOfiMfCD.BFJ (MraJRytey)B Hall 9-1 04 



Racecard number. Draw In brackets. Six-figure 
form (F-toD P -nutfed up- u-unseatn) rider. B- 
braugtt down. S-sfipped up. R-rafased). Horse's 
namefB-bSnkers. V-wor. H-tKXXl. E-eyeshrold- C- 
courae winner Ocfistanee winner. CO-course and 

distance winner. BF-beaMn favourite In 

Owner in indents. Trainer. Age and 
Rktor plus any aflowance. The Times 
Private ttendfcapper's rang. Approximate starting 

Going: good Draw: no advantage 

ZD BUCKENHAM SELLING STAKES (2-Y-O: £3,061: 61) (20 runners) 

102 ( 6 ) 
103 ra 

105 ® 

106 [20) 
107 (18) 
109 (9) 
HO (IB) 
112 ( 1 ) 

113 (7) 

114 (19) 

115 f14) 
121 ( 2 ) 
123 (12) 

-124 (15) 
125 (3) 

127 (17} 

128 (11) 

129 (10) 

130 (Q 

131 (13) 











WWSTUHG WOWBB (M Brtttdn) M Britts* 94- 
FLAIR PARK (J Livocfc) D Thom 8-13 . 


BEATHTS LAD (W Wright) R Thompson 8-1 1 . 

BOUD INTENTION (Mm L Ingham) A Ingham 8-11 . 

■ P Brethren 

... R 

CffiEN JESTER (BF) (Mr# S Fellows) W Musson B-11 . 

GEORGE HARRY (North Cheshire T ft S Ltd) D Haydn Jones 8-11- 
GQOD POINT (R Sangstar) J Htndtey 8-11 . 


MGHFALUTW LYMEY (D Seale) R Harmon 8-11. 

MADNESS NOT TO (A Mur) M Fethoretan-Godley 8-11 . 
MAURA'S CAVAUER (C CotBhs) P Burgoyne 8-11 . 

MENDEL'S LAW (WCotenan) P Hastam 8-11 

00 UNSELFISH (8) (A Samuel) R Johnson Houghton B-11— 

CANSRAKE LADY (JDandtonlW Masson 88 

0004 ILLUSTRATE (P Heteafl) A Snulti 88 

0000 MADAM BILLA (M Tabor) N CaBaghan 88 

NBGHNAY (P Venner) G Blum 88 

O NBRBO LASS (Mre V O’Brien) Pm Mitdiel 88 

0000 SAPPHARMO (Doyen LttQ R Stotts 88- 

- T 
_ SCeuBwi 

B Thomson 

- S Webstar 
. Pat Eddery 


P Cook 

SPARKUNS JUDY (B) (R Parkins) J Scaflan 88 . 
SURVIVAL HT (E Parry) C James 88. 

1985: MAC'S FLYS! 8-11 T Ives 8-1 W Ottoman 23 ran 

Z35 EBF CHESTERTON MAIDEN STAKES (Div 1: 2-Y-O: £4,643: 1m) 
(17 runners) 






■ 10-1 


• 99 F7-2 





■ 118 







202 (13) 

203 (11) 

204 (16) 
210 ( 6 ) 
213 (10) 
222 (4) 
227 (14) 
230 (8) 

233 (2) 

234 (7) 

235 (9) 

238 (3) 

239 (IQ 

240 (5) 

243 (15) 

244 (1) 

245 (17) 

00 ARROWXMGHr (AnowhnigM LM) C Horgan 98- 

BURLY NATIVE (Heathmn Stables Lid) G PrHdwti-Goidon 98. DGfeeon 

0 CARPET CAPBtSlA Baxter) R Smyth 9-0 S Whitworth 

4 DUCMNGTON (lady MuriesS) M H Eestertjy 9-0 AMcGtooe 

GBiNARO(FNormcolt)G Harwood 98 G Start's* 

LEGAL BID (W Faristi III) H Cedi 98 S Csmh s n 

00 ONBI (T Bis) P Hasten 9-0 Tt 

72 — 
82 7-1 
- 10-1 
— 3-1 

40 PIPSm>(EMtttR)GV«regg»4>. 

SONG OF SIXPENCE (P Meflon) I Bating 98- 

O SOUTHERN COWORT (Lord HdeWakfan)WJan« 9-0. 
SUN FLEECE (A Batzarfrti) M Jtrvts 98 . 

WATER BOATMAN (Sbafch Mohammed) BHils 9-0- 

00 WUJUD (H AHtfaktown) P WaJwyn 9-0 

20 ZAIZOOM (FSaknanJP Cole 90. 

. Pat Eddery 
. — T Luces 
— R Sheet 

Peat Eddery 
T Us 

71 — 
— 10-1 
78 — 
— 10-1 
— 12-1 
70 — 
• 99F52 

JANE MARPLE (Lord McAlpine) D Moriey 8-11 . 

LADY BENTLEY (MSutwOLPIggott 8-11 

ULY MAB (R BaWereon) P KeBeway 8-11 

. M Wigham 
B Crossley 

— 12-1 

MBS: ALLEZ MEORD 98 G Starkey 4-1 G Harwood 19 ran 


runm ***, a m to ittw 

never near 1 

VOOVKCTOh^j^Aon wei to be 3W 4th to 

PtPSTH) was last or 

Mil In II i |i I I initial (98) 1W behind in 11th when 
Dress (3-0) at Goodwood ftt. £2335 jood. Sept 29. 18 
■■■to Brentano (8-11) at Doncaster (71. 27409. Sept 10. 15 ■ 
[been 2X1 4th (98) to Wot ftlgade KMJI on Yarmouth debut! 

S el ect' o n. ZAIZOOM 

3J5 AR DENNIS NURSEHY HANDICAP (2-Y-O: £8,714: 6f) (12 runners) 

301 (1) 

303 (1 2) 

304 (3) 

305 (8) 
308 (S) 

310 (9) 

311 (7) 

312 (2) 

313 (11) 

315 (ICQ 

316 (4) 

317 (6) 

012100 BORN TO RACE (K Rsclm) L Plggott 9-7. 

221001 AUTHENTIC (0) (Ful Odo ThorougMvads B Lid) N TMder 98 KtotTWder 
211 PRMT (Lord ForchesuQW Hastings-Bass 9-T 
132330 KYVERDALE(M George) M Ryan 92 PI 

412 G1R0TONDO (IXBF) (C D'Aiessto) L Cumani 8-11- 
031 PETER MOON (C Wacker ID) R Armstrong 8-8—. 
082021 LORO WESTGATEfK Jaffa) M Usher 8-7. 

022230 JAISALMER(B) (Lady Scott) DBtomflh 88. 

441 ROCK MACHNE (K Al-Sald) N Cakaghan 88 . 


Pet Eddery 

C Rutter C9 

3121 TINA'S MELODY (D)(Cheveley Park Stud) J Winter 7-13 TWfan 

010421 VICTORY BALLARD (D) (St J O’Connell) R Hannon 7-13 (7ex)_ AMcGkme 

10 GREENSWARD (D) (Copt MCtark)H Candy 8-1. 

1985: CYRANO DE BERQERAC 9-11 L PiggoK 138 fav W Hastings-Bass 10 ran 

FORM AUTHOmC (9-7) made tost about aU for ah hd Ayr victory over Premte Lad (8-11 
■ wfim 6rm,S^tl9. 12 ran). PWNT(7-iq bemOaren tia (78 ). e*war aid Group placed 
I lortable 41 at Newbury (5f, £10223, good. Sept 2(L 13 ran). GHOTOnoO 0-13) cama up against i 
handmapped horse in A P«ai w !-':«• '/issjs (8-12) horn ' (a ■ M" MMMBg ■ 
JABAJJER(8-7). who cfld t»« get a deer 
er sb bd, away «n. Eerier in the season KYVE 

^fSSfl8a?NmSSyWET^!good!sep t^3i5r^ro^^^SSn^^^^^^^^M 

■■■■■■■■■■p) here and was beaten 2i(H, £8701, gS 

„ ■,was4Xlbackln5ttiandabe<ow-formKYVBinAUE(9-1)anoth- 

ershhd. away 6th Earirtrin itiq season KYVB10ALE (8-13) beat TWA 'SHELOPY (8-1 0)31 at VVo fti art w ni piai 
(5LE95a.good. July 21. IQran). ROCK MACH WE (98) ran on to beat MaPatiMLaroia (B-n)3l atSandown (St. 
£1071. good U finm. Sept 23, 1 3 rtmL QRSNSWARD, below farm over sharp SLprewousiy (8-11) scared by 
ZiV hum Our Nathalie (9-1 1) at Ungtald (flf, £B5S.good. Aug 9, 12 ran).^ TINA’S IKfjOOY»8) neck Pontefract 
wmner from very useful Ongomg Swuawxi (1 0^ fffl. £2570, good to firm, Aug 7, 7 ran). VICTORY BACLARD (8- 
Mi held on tor neck Haydock win owr Saunders Lass (88) (Gt. £4741, firm, Oct 4. 9 




(1) 412033 ERStO (D) (Mrs M LstkQ J DtmlOp 4-98 . 
m 300000 GREY OESRE (CD) (M Brttain) M 8ntmin (MML. 
(7) 411010 HAD^a (tyj) (W Gradfay) C BattBtn 4-9-tL. 

K Dertey 

404 (12) 11)2-132 HOMO SAPCN (Mrs M Nfarchoa) H Cwl 488. 

405 (9 148004 LUCKY RING (D) (Sir M SobeS) W Ham 4-9-0- 

406 (9) 

407 no) 

408 (4) 

409 (3) 

411 nu 

412 (6) 


MW41 PRESntUM(D) (lord Hdsw«deo)HCaei 4-90. 
111041 SARAB (D) (F Salman) P Cole 5-98- 


221130 PASTICCIO (D) (T Warner) M Jervis 38-1 D. 

Pat Eddery 

41-341 PILOT JET (P) (Tedwood EBoodstock Ltd) R J WManv 38-10 _ R Cochrane 
1-10121 TTCN AGAW(C}{R Shannon) LCunarn 3-8-10 GStaricey 

318200 TRUELY NUREYEV (IQ (Sheikh Mohammad) M StOOB 38-10 VRSdtan 
1003 ARGON LASBt(C) (Or J Hobby) JOuntop 38-7 

• 99 5-1 
87 16-1 
97 8-1 
91 8-1 
85 18-1 
95 8-1 
■2 12-1 
79 25-1 
91 12-1 
85 16-1 

1985: B9SIO 348 W Carson 9-4 j Dunlap 8 ran 

411MAs oM(lm. £ai2BO.goad 

I (9-0) another 

a shon head at Doncastar^T. £21600, 

FORM tofiv 

31 away in 6th-M 

■ ■■P^M^ ^WjfwtK)tfidntitgeiacley'n«3)tltMmkBi4tti.a^TRtlB.rNUREYEY 
m-7)backin 7ih.GKE TDesgtE(9-6)woiil<lbeihalr)nn w4edionona5Ci2ndtoGraenD«sarT(8-niher«inthe 
July Cup (6L £39208. last 5 ran) but recant efforts haw bean cSsappomting. HOMO SAP99I ffl-4) swerved left 
but ran on well to finiari a head 2nd to Him Lanrfing at Haydock hmt»ne(7T40ydsL £18827. good to firm. Jw# 
7. 11 ran) wdh GREY DESKS (9-4) nmor a l&ttr7n£SHJIUM (9-4) beat Qaesympatica (94)2X1 at York (7T, 
jlMfcMitotirm. Aug 21. Bran). SARAB P-1)baatBQLLiNKNIGHTf8-12)abe»d at Goodwood (7T . £12077,1 

funher backm4iti.TH3lMiaMaMMlM^Hd 

good, ^ept 29. 10 raf) wUt LUCKY RMG (8-12) 4KI funher back m JUlTheN AGAIN «-7) beat ShamxxJ ( 
ai at Goodwood (1m. £38440. good to fam, Aug 23. 8 ran) with SARAB W93JU back it 6th. HADEER ( 
another S back in 7U. and GREY DGSBtE (8-OjUst 
Selection: THBt AGAIN 

4.10 EHBLA HANDICAP (£6,027: 7f) (15 runneis) 

502 (8) 

503 (10) 

504 (7) 

507 (6) 

508 PI) 

509 (12) 

510 (14) 

511 (5) 

512 (3) 

514 (1^ 

515 (S) 

516 (15) 

517 0) 

518 (2) 

519 (4) 









BtTRANCMG (0) (LavMa Duchess of Norfofc) J Dunlop S8-10L. W Canon 

MOON BROWN (pJQ (Lord McAlpine) P CtmdsB 588 PCmok 

SAKER (MAIMakloum)L Cumani 38-7 Rt 

SAILOR'S SONG D (btiruspaup Holdings Lid) N Vigors 4-9-2 Sllawson 

COME ON THE BLUES (D) (Mrs C Peteras) C Brittain 7-98 SCeudwn 

GOLD PROSPECT (BF) [H Spack) G Baking 48-11 B Rouse 

MEET THE GREEK (P Goulandns) D Lang 38-11 Bltamcm 

ANBROSN (V)(A Krfstnan) M Jams 388 (Sex) Tlwaa 

100120 THE MAZALL (D) (Mre J Fotton) Miss L StddaS 68-7.. 

DOWMVEW 0Q (B Marsh) A Moon 488 . 

HIGHEST PRAISE (D) (P Meflon) 1 Bakting 388- 
DEADBOLT (D) (K PonM) M Janris 388. 


00130 ABUTAMMAM (H ALMatOoum) C BensIBed 3-8-3. 


M Marshal (7) 

93 8-1 
■ 12-1 
90 138 
■ 10-1 
H 12-1 

1 98 14-1 
97 8-1 
■ 10-1 
S3 — 

96 14-1 

P Robinson 96 — 

MR JAY8EE (fcBf) (N CsOaghsn) M CaOaghan 48-12 . 
LYRIC WAY (D) JE Kessfy) B HBS 4-7-7 


85 — 
96 — 
94 — 

: WIND FROM THE WEST 4-7-7 N Carfale 25-1 P Hasfam 19 cm 

FORM SAKE* (881 mads af whan a Ml winner from Bolero Magic (88) at Yarmouth test una (lm, 
runm q434. gqotf.Sept.17, U ran ). COM E ON THE BUIES [9^^ to mate Ml t two mi^ when 



t Ascot ITtEH^MI^M^M 

_ . . 0394, good to fim.SeptZ7. 


12) 1-XJ 3rd to Pnncs Maraud (7-9) « Bath (lm 8yd. £3496. good, Sept 3. 

in out to beat Kghfa Reconvnended (98) a short head at LmgfieU (71 
, Oaan ran). HIGHEST PRAISE (8-1) put up hi* best effort when baatng MR 

JAY-TEE (7-1 2) 5 naefc M Newbury in July (71E4091. good tofirm/l 2 ran) wfchMLTOM BROWN (9-7)1 Ml away 
In 3rd. Subseguendy JAY-ZEEI10-0] imprwred on that run when 1M1 2nd to Iktiyar (9-9) here In August (lm. 

£2649. good to firm. Aug 9. 10 rank 


445 PARK PADDOCKS HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £5.431: Ira 6f 171yd) 06 runners) 

601 (5) 

602 (7) 

603 (IS) 
804 (9) 

605 (IQ) 

606 (11) 
BOB (2) 
609 (4) 
611 (6) 
813 (1) 
616 (14) 
817 (12) 
618 (8) 
620 (16) 
621 (3) 
628 (13) 

010110 WASSL REB 7 (BF) (Stnlih A AI Msldoum) J Dwtiop 9-7.. 


94 7-1 
92 16-1 



312330 BADARBAK (B)(HH Aga Khan) R Johnson Houghton 9-1 


94 12-1 
• 99 15-2 


SO 10-1 

-t t M 


91 — 

110001 MGHTY FLASH (Mrs VThryJD Bsworth 54 (5w) 


98 8-1 

3-34010 PRELUDE (The Quoad) W Ham 84. 

W Cwson 

47 8-t 
■ — 
97 — 

441000 ELAAHIIIR(H AFMaktaum)PWta*yn7-i3 

- N Havre 

HOMO AGA1HiST(W Du Pont Bf) GPritclum^GoRlon 7-12 

3-22410 BENISA RYDER (Con Red Est Lttfl C Horgan 7-11 


C flutter 


92 16-1 

004040 HA P PY BREEU (R Boucher) C Brunei 7-7- 

95 — 

1965: BACKCHAT 86 G Starkey 9-4 fay G Harwood 7 ran 



£2001 5. ■ 

wit h HAPPY I 


very well to beat Eye Sight (7-13) a at Haydodc last 


13 ran) wdh 

she would appraefatea slap cp in OStance 

1 10, 10 ran). BUCKLEY (9-7) stayed on very wed I 

- * ^ trm.Od 4, 6n«rt. APPLY (B-7) looked asifxxirtis 

wtwn 13M5«h to Startinop-nina York Ssted event (lm4f. good to firm. Aug 21. 

never dangerous in 8lh. THUBLYBR1.Y 08) waspushed out to beat Couwass i 

storwmNfiftfi(1ni4f£ra4. soft. Mm 24. 8ranXMtofnr FLASH wona Bath hsn. 

fane, but belter ttton (8^ owar 1m 81 12 7yds « Doncaster previously when 101 Sto to 

G ^ 2 | goodL.SBpi r 10. j l2 ran) wdh FLEETING AFFAIR (88) new a tacmr in lift. 

5.15 EBF CHESTERTON MAIDEN STAKES (Div II: 2-Y-O: 1m) (17 runners) 



0 ARDASMft (H H Ago Khan) R Johnson Hougnon 9-0 — 
CO(IPIieRHnRE(A(Munfic)LPtogMrtU) . 


89 — 

— 12-1 














M — 


WGMAHD BOUNTY (i Stawart-BroMi) G Pthchard-GoTOod 9-0 — WHood 



OUR ELIASO (Efishl HoMhig) L Pqgod »0 

W R SMnhuni 

99 — 



■ — 

• 99 — 

M 8-1 





0 BLUE GRASS RBJ>(G Hughes) WJarets 8-11 

N 10-1 


a MAGICAL LACE (M Rntnkf M Wm R-11 

M 4-1 


0 OVERDMVE (L Flieettonn) 0 Rtogor 8-11 


H Cecil 


Winners Runners 
92 354 




G Hanrood 



H Candy 



W Hem 






1985: See 235 race 

Course specialists 



26j) S Whitworth 
1SS SCauthen 

13J WRsSSum 

lit S Dawson 
12.6 W Carson 

Winners Rumors 
8 55 

80 560 

68 481 

53 385 

10 74 

55 472 

Par Cant 


330 ROWAN NURSERY HANDICAP (2-Y-O: £2377: 5f) (9 runners) 

By Mandarin 


2.00 Madam Muffin. 

2 JO Srimitarra. 

3.00 Ensigne. 

3J0 Days Like These. 

4.00 Nadeed. 

4 JO Knighis Secret. 

5.00 Rowiandsom Jewels. 

By Our Newmarket 

2.00 Love At Last. 
2J0 Srimitarra. 

3.00 Hanoof. 

3 JO Inihar. 

4.00 Nadeed. 

4.30 Forward RaDy. 
5.00— - 

Michael Seely’s selection 
3.0 HANOOF (nap). 

Going: good to firm Draw: 6f-1m low numbers best 

2.0 SYCAMORE SELLING STAKES (3-Y-O: El^ll; Of) (15 runnners) 

4 ( 8 ) 
6 ( 1 ) 

8 ( 13 ) 

9 M 

11 (14) 
13 0) 
M (11) 
20 ( 6 ) 

24 (12) 

25 (51 

27 (7) 

28 0 

32 (15) 

33 (8) 

34 (1(3 

HOPERXL DANCER (Mra J Ragfar) R Hannon 8-13 
002124 JACQW JOY (Mrs I Rsfchier) K Ivory 8-13 
03400 AVALON [P Fahey) S Christian 8-11 
0080 BMTWYOO (A Hbdga) C Booth 8-11 
000003 EVER SO SHARP (PWh*Mfc)JP Scmth 8-11 
000000 KEN SDDALL (Michael Wbmeraan Lbfl K Stone 8-11 
041000 LE MANS (Times at Wigan) J WOson S-11 
030200 GRANGE FARM LADY (R Bates) M 
000003 KOBOUnCS KATIE (G A Famtion Erte R 
3333 LOVE AT LAST (W Hastings-Bass) W 
020024 MADAM MUFT9i(G Lock) J 
400000 SHY M»TRESS(J Abbey) AW Jams 68. 

0-00003 SPA7KH MFANTA (E RoNnson) P FWgaw 88 
000404 TOLLY'S ALE (Tony Co&bOU Ltd) I 

1985: (2-Y-O) SEW HIGH 9-2 S Cauthen 5-1 B 

JRald • 99 re-2 
A Clark 82 — 

JWBams 84 — 

C Dwyer 90 — 

16 ran 

230 POPLAR STAKES (2-Y-O fillies: £3,224: 7f 40yd) (12 runners) 

30 BOLD DUCHESS (F H Lae) M Jarvis 68. 

5 (?) 
10 (Sj 
15 (4) 
20 ( 12 ) 
21 (1) 
24. (3) 
26 (8) 

29 (11) 

30 (7) 
32 (S) 

39 (10) 

40 (9) 

dark ROSAAN (G Pamam Jones) H Candy 88 . 
001 UONA (Studcrown LM) L Cumam 88 — 

0 MOUNT HOLYOKE (fl Sangatar) M W DtaWnsor 68... 

MRS PtSTTX. (D ASan) H Simpson 88 

0 PAM£NKA(JByng)J Dunlop 88. 

023000 PHBjGWYN(J Jones Morgai) DLalng 8-8. 

W Woods (3) 
.. WNawnea 
- — R Guest 
— M Kittle 


R Fox 

— 14-1 
83 3-1 

ROYAL FEVER (R Whttehouae) T Taylor 98.. 

G Duffldd 

— 10-1 

51 — 

ROYAL MEETING (Mrs J Murray-Smttfi) D Murray-SmmT88 — R Wi 

A Camay (7) — — 

01 SCOIITARRA (Baroness H H Thyssan) H Ceei 88. 
■ VlAVBnrAS(MraAMuteh)RH0l8riSlie«l88- 

W Ryan *WF58 

0 WE8XPARK PRINCESS (J Moores) WHalgh 88 


— Siam 

TQPPESHAMME 88 S Cauthen 2-1 lav H Cscfl 9 rm 
r A 88 S CautMd 4-5 fav H Ced 10 ran 


5 (0) 

7 (1) 

8. (7) 

IT (9) 

13 (8) 

14 (3) 122303 
16 (£) 43104 

HANDICAP (£4^422: 1m 40(9 runners) 

202114 najBXYA (H H Aga Khanj R Johnson Houghton 
022132 NEWQUAY (D) (K Abtkdla) G Hanmod 3-9-7.. 

first KISS (Shedch Mohammed) JDudop 38-7. 



JRaU 98 7-2 

B4SIGNE (D) (Fahd Salmai) H Candy 388 (4ak) 
SARONICOS (Cap! MLamosJC Britain 3-9-1 

A Ctaric 9711-4 
_RFta 97 — 

WNawnw 98 81 
. MBircfa *99 — 

i7 (5) 000080 
19 (8 140300 

DIVA ENCORE (D) (KindartiiB Corporation) R Armstrong 388~~ — PTuft 96 81 
HANOOF IMaMoOTAIAtaktoumJMSWte 388 GDuflfaM 98P9-4 

THE LODGE niNCir(V}t0uafiBlr Hotels) K Stone 4-88 — _LCbamack — — 
REGAL Sim (Wn^PfafaLWJBH^Whwd 888 — A Cut*** (7) 95 — 

1985: OS’ARD 388 C Rutter 81 fi Brittain 18 ran 


120120 FULLOFPRK]E(D)(l Annttage)MHEa3tBrby97.. 
*12 DAYS LKE THESE CD) (P Davies) PBafay 87- 






mse MTHAR (Hamdan AI Ntaknum) R Armstrong 88- 

001300 BASTHJJA (D) (M Peters) 0 Artxittuiot 8-4 

00Q2D0 RCKLE YOUNG MAN (ff (I Bryam) T Rrirtuat 88. 

41404 FATHER THE 0LBF.EJ JftSra A HoaesQ D Thom 7-12 . 

G DaffMd 


J Ratal 


41404 SANDALL PARK (DBF) (Htopodromo Racing) MWEasaroy 7-12.. 

S3 4-1 

■ F3-1 
91 11-2 

■ 10-1 
97 — 
96 8-1 

12 (2) 00040 MOTOR BROKER (V) (A Sydenham) D Lataig 78. 

14 (4) 300100 OOHTY BABY (D) (R WhHfag) H VMting 7-7. 

• 99 78 

1965: HANDSOME SAILOR 9-7 P Bradwefl 8-1 R Thompson 12 ran 

40 SILVER BIRCH STAKES (£2,977: lm 2f 131yd) (B runners) 

(G) 130404 MOtUGttS (Tarteton Box Co L&f) J Wison 4-90 Ma 


90 — 

6 (1) 221 BOLERO MAGIC (M Samlastngh) H Cad 387 . 

7 (3) 003008 CAREER BAY (G Robinson) □ Haydn Jones 4-8-7_ 

12 (2) 00040 PARAVAIC (E taidsa] E (ndsa 4-8-4 

18 (3) 00 FLOATS! (S Benson) S Wiles 38-10 

21 (4) 02 NADSED (BF) (Shwkh Mohanwrwd) M Stou» 3-fl-O. 

22 (7) 0 pere MARSH (ST P OppenbehiKT) G Wragg 888. 




SO 8-1 
90 5-2 
— 12-1 

. HO— craft 

29 (5) 080009 RICHARDS FOLLY (A WHame) P Baley 8-7-11 . 

R KBb 

— 14-1 
73 8-1 

1985: OUBF IVOIRE 388 S Cauthen 11-4 H Cadi 15 ran 

4 JO BEECH HANDICAP (£3,488: 1m 40yd) (17 rimers) 

5 (5) 

6 (1) 

7 (5) 

8 ( 8 ) 

10 (14) 

11 (3) 

12 (9) 

13 (3) 

14 (16) 

15 (11) 

16 (2) 

17 (15) 

18 (13) 

21 (4) 

22 17() 

23 (7) 
2< (10) 

301000 CONMAYJO (C)(J Gfebs) D Haydn Jonas 5*9 

083490 TRY HARDS) (A F Budge Ltd) Jimmy ffitzgersld 386, 

340422 KMGHTS SECRET (B^ (N Wosibraak) M H Eeaterby $88 — 

21-1202 FORWARD RALLY [Lady MacdonaUHJuchanan) M Prescott 4-85 GDnffMd 
*13011 KBXO GYPSY (B)|MBaMe)C TWde* S94 (5e8— W QnM P) •■ 8-1 

304108 FANCY pah (Mrs Mary Lou Caehman) w Hastinga-Btss 383 
010003 SR WILMORE (K Coxbrt) E Weycnea 4-98 . 

48040 COURT TOWN (J Horgan) fi Hannon 38-1 1 

ttXUOO BBJABANUS(HSfaphsnson)W A Stephenson 488. 

RUnest . 

3MMOO SUPREME KHGD0M(O(J Good) R HoBnstead 38-7. 
441441 SHARON’S ROYALE (W Breh) RWhttalcer 388 (5ex)_ 
22 D 1 F 0 SPORTING SOVEREIGN (E Holding} M Janfa 38-6- 

S Pedis 

K Bradatow (5) 

— W Woods (3) 

140000 WE L3BI fiOL EY (North ChMhte TifaftlQ) D Haydn Jonaa 4-88 — 

901130 ZK) PEPPINO (Mre C Lloyd-Jonei) Mre C Uoyd-Jones S8-Z — 

000004 LONG BAY (G Shtamar) H CoUngriflge 48-1 MRUnaer 

121200 GUAUTAResS (BF,V) (Quahtar Eng CO LKQ K SUM 4-78 PBuriw(7) 

OOODOO GODLORO (B) (Mbs S MeOm) T Taylor 8-7-7 GBadweB(7) 

19951 VBffiAnilM 5-78 G Garter 118 fav Mm J Ftamsden Ifl ran 


28yd) (11 rurmars) 








1 ROWLAN DSONS JEWEL (Rowlandsons) 0 M-Smflh ^1 18. MrYThommn Jonae 

AUTIBM SPORT (C Jentons) J Edwards 5-118 SMcCrwfain) 

BRAVE M0JL8I (J Grttftihs) Mrs J GflOth 6-11-2 ItrJGritotfa 

— F58 

— 12-1 

00- CANTASSUBI (LarkaO Laboratories Ltd) Mrs J Pitman 4-11-1 Glfanowm 

FRENCH HA BITAT ( N Warwick) P Paris 4-11-1 GLmfauffl 

GO IJB4 FLUTTER (A Lomas) EH Owen )un 4-11-1 D Stymie (7) 

40- HA8TB! OF LYMC (Mrs A Helewjod) D McCatai 4-1 1-1 A Murphy (7) 

PAT WOLLOW(Mr$MNowel)MHEasterby 4-11-1 RGarrity(7) 

— 81 

S Hyy ' IMfa D McCain) D McCain 4-11-1 Mr D McCain (7) 

ANDY^ SECRET (DSOngsby) A Brieboune 4-lMO — MfasTlnaBrfgiw«ae(7) 

COUNTHY SCAT (Country Seat Ud)R Francis 4-10-10 C Cowley (7) 

1985: No corresponding race 

— 14-1 

— 81 

Course specialists 


G Hanrood 
J Dunlop 
M jaf\& 












































M Birctfl 




win bucks 

up Jones 

dose to the line 

Bndk Jones, the GeMhrd 
trainer, saddled bis first winner 
for two seasons when 
Snhteriidd came home by a 
length from Castle Talbo* in the 
Barley Sport Novice Chase at 
PUunpum yesterday. 

Jones was obviously in need of 
a change of lock, ana be got it 
here, for Snitterfield, hard rid- 
den by Graham McCofflt, 
looked likely to remain in third 
place as they came to the last 
with Forest dale leading Castle 

At the final fence, however, 
the situation changed dramati- 
cally when F®restdale blundered 
badly, hampering Castle Talbot 
and presenting a heaven-sent 
opportnnnity to Smtterficld. 

The result represented a sec- 
ond blow to Qive Holmes, the 
Gerards Cross trainer, who was 
responsible for the first race 
nmner-op and unsuccessful 
objector Hot Twist, for 
Smnerfiekl was churned out of 
his stable when tunning in a 
seller last season. 

Most people were sore that 
Mr Savvas woold lose the Hove 
Novice Hurdle after be finished 
a length dear of Hot Twist. 
After Mr Savvas jumped the 
second last with a narrow lead 
over Hot Twist he hampered his 

The announcement of a Stew- 
ards Inquiry was qakfcly fol- 
lowed by an objectiota to Mr 
Savvas by Hot Twist's rider Karl 
Burke, who claimed that the 
winner had taken his ground 
approaching the second last 
then jamped across him. causing 
him to lose three or four lengths. 

After a lengthy inquiry, the 
Stewards rated tint Mr Savvas 
should beep the race, and the 
winner's rider, Paul Barton, 
said: ** My horse canght his bind 
legs at the second last and it 
spaa him round. It cost me more 
ground than the runner-up. " 

Richard Quinn, enjoying his 
best season with 04 winners, 
partnered Ibn Bey to a narrow 
victory in Division One of the 
Whirebeam Maiden Stakes at 
Haydock Park yesterday, beat- 
ing Quessard by a head. 

John Lowe was fast away on 
Quessard, owned by former 
England and Manchester City 
footballer Francis Lee. and it 
looked as though he had suc- 
ceeded in slipping the field 
halfWay up the straight when ten 
lengths clear and still going 
strongly. Quinn had not made a 
lot of use of the odds-on 
favourite, who was last out of 
the stalls, but improved to about 
fourth position turning for 
home. It took Ibn Bey a long 
while to get going, but after the 
leader began to weaken, the 
Fahd Salman colt passed him 
inside the final furlong. 

The pair came home six 
lengths ahead of the outsider. 
Aim To Please, who win be an 
the better for his introduction to 

fading it today” O'Boran 
said. ■ 

pm Eddery, who moo the 
Rous Stakes on Fayra* at New- 
market a fortnight ago. .was 
again in the saddle andepseg% 
realised there was soraothiog 
wrong with Ahmed FriHOk't 
colt who was not &yc*« hard 
race once Durham 
the upper hand. 

■ Freddie Head won I 
yesterday against the ... 
posed on him by the Steward* « 
Evry racecourse on October 9 
riding of Abrege. Head 


will now be able 'to tide 
BailUmom in the Dubm Cham- 
pion Stakes on Saturday.. . 

The Walnut Slakes is proving 
a graveyard for odds-on 
favourites. Last year. Double 
Schwartz was beaten at 1-5 in 
the race, and yesterday. Durham 
Place made a nonsense of the 
price of 2-5 laid on Fayruz, 
Simon Whitworth brought Dur- 
ham Place alongside Fayruz at 
halfway and. from that point, 
the pair had the race between 

The favourite hung to the left 
and. inside the final forking, 
Durham Place stretched away 
from him to beat the Bill 
6*Gonnan-tTained mount by- 
ihree lengths with True Nora a 
couple oflengihs further behind. 
After winning six races as a 
juvenile last year Fayruz 
chipped a bone in his knee and, 
although an operation for the 
injury was partially successful, 
the colt stifl feels the effects on 
occasions. '“I reckon he was 

• David Eteworth is stifi a* 
decided about Floyd ndutiug in 
the Ctfsarcwirch on Saturday, 
He said yesterday at rite New- 
market October Saks: “l watod 
the course this morning aad.1 
think the ground is good to fire. 
It is not soft enough fix me id 
run Floyd, and only if the 
ground improves wiH the boat 
run." . 

• The success of Moon Mad- 

folk. the Unison lady of she 
month award. 

Bred by the Duchess at her 
Angmering Park stud ifl Stittri, 
Moon Madness won his first 
five races of the se ason at 
distances from a mite and a 
quarter u> a mile and a ha£ 
Ridden by Pat Eddery, the John 
Dunlop-trained coll proved Jan 
as effective over the mile and 
three quarters at Doncaster in. 
score a derisive victory in the 
final classic race of the season. 

Blinkered first time 

MnwaMKER 2D Uroallfafa. SpRURg 

(U^DOCie 380 Motor Broter. 



By Mandarin 

2.15 Adamstown 2.45 Scots Nogger. 3.15 Careen. 
3.35 Flight Sheet 4.15 Kutxtfs Belle. 



Gong: firm 

(3-Y-O: £812: 2m) (4 runners) 


. SMorabwd 

1 121 11J7 

4 0222 CUCKOO K 

DBsworft ID-7.. 

S 2204 KLOSTER8RAUJ Spearing 10-7 — 
rGTomw 107- 

10-11 Cuckoo in Tin nom. 
5-1 KtoMNtrau. 12-1 Stolon Oamton. 

158 Adamstown. 


CHASE (E4J503: 2m 5f) (4) 

5 300- RUN TO ME NMlKM 11-10-13 MrNBBeM(7) 

8 0-12 WBJW OAK (BF) D GanOoKo 6-108 — S Snath Ecdu 

8 3P-1 SCOTS NOGQSIJSpaarmg 11-108 P Wamcr 

9 030- TUDOR HOAD L KenraaO 11-108 BPoml 

5-11 Scots Noggor, 58 WWsh Oak, 4-1 Run To Mo. 
7-1 Tudor Road. 

HURDLE (£1,718: 2m) (5) 

3 -W0 COumLAHDSGOtLWEBstier 4-11-5„ PScodaKM 

P 1 

4 -PP0 CAHffiHJD) MPipe 5-1 '-5- 

5 008 M «GH S PMWiwre 5-1 18_ 

6 MS WP g yyiooriBian 6-H-1. 


7 -220 

IS Dow 8-11-1. 

5-4 Pip, 9-4 Contends Girt, 58 Zacdo. 6-1 HI Hgh. 
8-1 Careen. 

(£1^80: 2m) (7) 

4 an spawsh goo c Popiwmi-iM ... — c un diw 

6 8BP POMPOSITY BU) H J SWltil M08 .CBfate. 

7 4313 FUatTSMSrtotPJJmn HMM (44B)_ TNMte 

9 BOM TUNZBOERQ N Mtacbafl 15108 i IfaMV 


12/PP8 ABBEY AVENUE (D)S Aw 8108 — ROfalt 

13/0-40 STOP nGHTING Mrs J.WOnnacatt 19-198 D1~ 


9-4 Ftaut Shoot 3-1 Sponfah God. 98 Tu n ion boe fc 
HonofaTCMren. 8-1 AUioy Amnuo. 16>1 Stop ngMtog. 


(£875: 2m 6f) (8) 

2 -m KUTATTS BEUJE D Boom 5-1 1-2 _ 

4 DONOKJOGranS-118 

5 PPM OUNCU^EOMfiXR NTharaonS-IM). DMatooP) 

8 P PUCKA PADDY WM80faj 9-118 Plfawr 

9 0 THE BAKEWEU BOY R Ftosi 4-118 n JIM 

10 THE THIRSTY FARMER R HoUar 7-1 18 PMwpty 

11 008 COmWDCE GDorina 6-108 NON-MmSm 

15 -VP MZMASmiGrStireO 7-108 PLoofa 

„ 18 Kutati's Bella. 51 Tho BatewoO Boy. 5-1 Tito Thn£, 
Fanner, 12-1 CovnUge, 20-1 OtlWS. 

4J0 CARRS PAPER CHASE (£2,944: 3m 

2 023- GOLDEN PHSU (O) Mre M R»rwt 6-1 1-12 « MoCMrt 

Course specialists 

TRAIfB® D Bsworth. 14 vrinmra from 81 nomore. 178%: L 
KwmaU. 19 from 141. 13J»; PGarcno, S from 41. 1Z2%;S 
UJSUL “• liz,K 0 GandoBo, 7 from 6a H.7%! M 
Plpo. 5 from 64.7.8V 

JOCKEYS: S Smtoi EcciasB wtonore from 56 rides, W3«s P 
Sgromracwo. iifrom 106. i0.4*ta: B PomH. 9 from 100: 98%. 
(oray mree quaifiars). 

Results from yesterday’s four meetings 


B-1|. ALSO RAN: 9-1 Fawfay s GW. Rnura 

. Home straight good, remainder 
to firm 

Scone (6th). 11 AI Trui, Quinta Real. Sew 
High. J2 Gypsy’: 

28 (lm 40yd) 1. IBN BEY (T Quinn. 4-5 
1 t«t 2. Quemsaidrj Lows. 9*1 1 3, Atan To 
Plew*(J Reid. 25-TJ. ALSO RAN: 6 Tate 
Of Intrigue, 14 Creapm. Crystal Hawk 
Mtfi), Errmtoy RxceTWhrlndge. 20 GoM 
Sc$tro^b).RaHeson. 33 CtetSe Dddns 
(5tfi). 100 Evertoft, La Vtots Gleam. Vital 
Cargo. 14 ran. NR: Comedy SaL hd. Q, 
2W. 41 2 SSI. P Cote to Whateomtw. Tote: 
EV90. C1.1D. E230. 2330. DF: £850. 
CSF: £9.44. 1mm 46.1390a 

_ _ _,^_y s Prophecy. 

Rwer, Toberrnoty Boy, 16 Royal Fan ( 

20 Gotoen Ancona. Pme t4awSc. V„ 
MBs. 33 Storeia n. 17 ran. U sh hd. W. tan 
hd. SSlJG^nmaTcHtontontoN o wni a rtwt 

pp l?' CSF: £60.63. Trtcaat £487.67. 
4 mm 15.91 sec. 


Totanda OOuffield ffO-lt 4. te Bm 

Rumow^(S~WhitwoliC Wtw). ALSO 
RAN: The Ouppertham Man. 8 

Rylands Reel, iz Katie Says. 
Mayhemusc. 14 Carse KoUy. nybtg 
SfeniV (%)■ IB Dream Tk*cL 7 M? 
Sereretee. 20T1» Magua (6»V 2S Rarkara 
Joy. Thatch Avon. Ctayote. 18 ran, 141. a 
W. VA. 1J4L M H £a sturby at Gr^m 
Hatoton. Tole: £1 0.00; E2.10. E&.70. 

S4S E8Z -®- TncaM; 

£130553. 1mm 34.85seg. No bid. After a 
Stwards' inqwy tiig result stood. 
We co p ot : £550 

Going: (ton 


‘ 'lift 5-4 fart: 2, 

. -It^, Frame Ol Power Ml 
10. 8. A Batey Tom: £2.iai 
DF: £1040. CSF: £155*. 

38 (2m « 100yd cm 1. Neulfa 

OnwM BJ Mnm fartjLHWte 


n .* tn » 

Smth. 9-2); 2. Beb9fad(4-1);: 

11 fav), 5 ran. hd. 1^41. Denys 

£350. £1.70, £2.10. DF: £9,00. CSP. 


GONG: firm 

Paul Cole saddled Ibn Bey 
to win the first at Haydock 


2-5 fav): 3. True Nora ( 

' 12T 

RAN: 12 Be Lyncal | 

SO Ben Aceueu 
Coded Ltwe. Lot, 

§as* ««■ ok ini; 

115 (2m hdle) 1, MR SAVVAS (P 
Barton. 7^ 2, Hot Twast (K Gurko. 7-4 
fawk 3 .Manor (M Parent &-41. ALSO 


(2m Cft) 1. SNTTreranELD (G 
McCourt 4-1V 2. Cutle Tatent (R 
Gotast8in. 7-3); 3. F o muM a iu nams. 

Ann ^F 33 Castdore Lad (1). 6 

«*-lL3U0l T M Jones at GuWtoni 
£1 - 30 - 0.70. CSF: 

151 J Johnson, Tote, mi 
El .80. DF: £2190. CSF: £3BJ 
. 4JS an 50yds ch) l.SHveMWpt 
Lae®, ft fa*-, 2, Stiver Snowff-lk W 
two Hntthwl ah ran. 6st tNASteJhowon- 
Tate: £11 a DF: £1.70. CSR £2.42. 


ran. 6L Denys Smith. TntetEI JB.' 

aoteB. *8 fav): 2, L 
RubHfark 0-1). 6 ran. 9. 1KL J S» 
Ton: EZ5DTE1.70, £1,70, DF: SUOl I 



3.15J3m 11 eft) 1. PRINCE CARLTON 
i. 4-7 fav); 2, ~ 

Going: herd 
2,15(3® ham. The Rnk(Ct 
11 layt 2, Soissco Bel o-r- * 
Mo (12-1). 6 ilfl. TSL 4L Fw—. 
El. 70. £1.10, £180. DF; ttOt 



3.0 (2m 

Stertay. 10-1'1 fav); 2, Tom irat 

mori.40. dfT^eoSf; SmaS 

(Miss C Bloom. 

Murphy. 138): 3, 

Moore. i5D.3ran.8L 20i. Mrs,, 
tondham. Tote: £1.50. OF. 

: £1.74. 

£ 120 . 


(L Jertions, 7-1), 
(4th). 4 ran. NR: 


M Gr&wfl at Heamhew. TWK 

aao (im 40yd i. known une m 
* 2. (faring Descent (J 

Nawnes. S-2 «_ 

KflratHt 10 

(5th) 9-2 VKtejno J4lh). 7 


£1 JO. DF; £1 50. CSF: £285. SOtolOT 

78). 2. EurelMt Boy (S Sherwood 54 
fav): & Stubbs Dougntoi 1 ir j S 6 qqmv 8* 
31 W50 RAN: 

„2AS (am 50yd th) 1. Young ItartS 
Oowinig. 4-5 favk 2. Carroeen M (HI 1 
Only two fimhed 3ran.3ffiFCJWf«t. 
Tote: SMfc DF;«.10. GSfiiiM • 
3.15 (2m itdte 1, Pr e n e fa c w pAriT 
Days. 3- ft: 2. Steve UiMftn|94|A* 
3. Fufl of Unte(23'lLSorwc*8M)H«^ j p 
ran till. IB C J V user. TqNr. *3*0. : 
£1 .40. £1.» DF: fisaacSF: 53ft tiAto. 
■ atewenb toqury tite reatit Bpod. 


M u ft WUande. IU 

CSF; £77 J3. 1rmn46.i6sec. 

48 majors » BOY (AOgail Rich- 

McOone. 8*1 ): 4. Pettier eta* (T Qgkw. 

4L ALSO RAN: 12 riermessy HouS(Sm 

25 Wasienng Home (Sth). SQ^toSSw 
TarouiniMn) Bran. 2w\ ',S. 20. MuS 
recoroedOM Gttsseu at HeatoteteT^ 


1 0 M Grisseu at‘HoffltoT,S; 
M3? a4 °‘ E1 ' fi0 ' Df: ®*.30. CSF: 

<4S 0m 50yd eft) 1. .. 
OudM-jono^&AL 2/UManh 
M«toh Master (two * - 

, (2m fate) 1. FfflfS Smith Frrwe 

fa vr. 2, <tecuz2( (A Wean, 1^1 
B«yfa« R Rowe. 15-8). 3 ran. NR- 
Keyfiaard Kmg. 9. 10. 

Jfreoum TOW.- £1.80. OF; £190^?: 




£**%> CSF: 


PfaeapofrOLM j 

t ' 


jiglish Ink 
before sen 

re** 1 * 

‘ • ■ 

■ e*t u « : ■ - 

w "• 

\ • ; ’ 

C \- ' ■ 

i .1 h- • » j ■ 

I r(.-. v. j 

I -1-1 >1 

r j - 1 1 • 



!• A .: , 

*”■*•* ; iv : 

Itijr:, •: ... . 

ti «rMi 4 • . . - 


•>- • ■ 

irly da> s 




^° 0, Prii 


; & 

• IV... 

■■■ u 

v r !•; ’v 

: Ai:.' 7S 




. -a 










•• " * 

• ; 

I »•»** 


l ;i**- 1 1 


J > 

->• . < 





Heroic deeds of winners 
and losers lift the 
game to new heights 

The first 10 days of com , BySyd “* F *'‘ i “ 
-non which have thrifiert t T n, ? n arotre-fonvaid, has 
_B crowds at WillSden ^ been bolhered by ham- 
tave left spectators with oleas- P 1 " 8 trouble and spectators 

ant .memories of the herofc ^ ^ tet of him 

■feMsofthoi for“who^S 

“ 5 i be f Q scene of both 
triumph and disaster. 

From the time Ronald 
Hojn scored the first goal of 

fijj"** for The 
Netherlands against the Soviet 
Union to the last goal of the 
group matches obtained bv 
Mysliwiec for Poland, who 
lost 4-2 to Australia, the pulse 
of the tournament has been 
beating at an exhilirating rate. 

“gkM, apart from their 
results, have made a big 
contribution to the garnet 
delights. From the a giti* 
goalkeepmg of Ian Taylorto 
the sparkle of Sean Keriy in 
attack, . their action has de- 
served the plaudits of the 

Richard Chartesworth, of 
Australia, who is probably 
playing in his last World Cup, 
has been outstanding not only 
because of his roving style of 
play but also with his conver- 
sion of penalty strokes. He is 
at the lop of the scorers' list 
with five goals, followed by 
Karel Podzorski. of Poland, 
with four. 

Carsten richer, of West 
Germany, with his conversion 
of short comers and his splen- 
did sallies up field, has 
brought his total of goals also 
to .four. He is not quite the 
man who last April won the 
Player of the Tournament 
award at the Champions Tro- 
phy tournament in Karachi, 
his progress having been 
handicapped by hamstring 
trouble which forces him to 
his right thigh 

he produced one 
moment against 


magical ****** 

Australia when he unwound a 
dazzling piece of stick work to 
pass three Australian defend- 
ers before sending Reck free 
on the right to score West 
Germany's first goal in a 2-2 
draw. • 

. Bloch er burst upon the 
international scene at Karachi 
in 1980 when he was 18. In the 

of outstanding quality, 
masterpiece of stick work and 
control at high speed. He will 
probably make his mark at the 
1988 Olympic Games after a 
couple of Australia's older 
players finally hang up their 

In a tournament where fit- 
ness, speed and power have 
brought the best results there 
are those who by their very 
touch have not failed to charm 
and attract Among these are 
Garraffo and Mascheroni, 
both of Argentina, who made 

goalkeepers take a deep breath 
every time they intruded on 
their territory. 

Ties Kniize, of The Nether- 
lands, has had the astonishing 
record of having played in au 
six World Cup tournaments 
since the inception of the 
series in 1971. The event was 

lYKoxciAn c . — , ^ — - staged at two-year intervals 

JJSShEm WH* “ nt H *978 after which they 
and after bewi lderin g the ftfa- came to be held every four 


Kniize has slowed down 
and has convened only one 
penalty stroke, a department 
of play in which be excelled. 


W Germany 





GROUP B final table 

P W O L f A Pta 
5 4 1 
5 2 3 

0 24 6 

0 9 4 

2 8 9 

2 7 13 

3 5 11 

4 3 13 

Champions Trophy match 
against Pakistan be 

pby with 



stan defence with his speed 
and craft put the ball in the net 
within 40 seconds to leave a 

crowd 0 f 20,000 spellbound. 

Pakistan won the match 4-3. 

In June last year. Biocher 
scored a magnificent goal in 
West Germany’s 3-1 victory 
over England in Amsterdam 
but that effort aggravated his 
hamstring injury and be was 
taken off immediately. The 
Germans do not seem to have 
given sufficient lime for bis 
injury to heal 

Mark Hager, who made 
such a fine impression for 
Australia in die junior Work! 
Cup last August in Vancouver 
and is regarded as one of 
Australia's brightest young 
prospects, has not had much 
activity so for in the World 

But shortly after coming on 
as a substitute against Spain 
he proved his class whh a goal 

HisdelightfuJ overhead . 
have made openings for The 
Netherlands but to his dis- 
appointment they have not 
taken sufficient advantage of 

Peter Daji. of New Zealand, 
their centre forward, is coming 
near the end of his inter- 
national career and has not 
had a particularly succes sfu l 
tournament. New Zealand 
having finished at the bottom 
of group A. Hie World Cup 
has also been a big disappoint- 
ment for the Pakistan centre 
forward, Hassan Sardar, the 

English take it easy 
before semi-final 


Jr; ■* 

The England team are i 
■ low key approach to the Worl 
Cop semi-final against West 
Germany on Saturday with 
training exercises today and 
tomorrow (Sydney Friskin 
writes). The 16 members of the 
squad were given a 36-hoar 
break to forget, the cares of 
World Cap competition mid 
reassembled but night. 

England's results and perfor- 
mances in the World Cnp have 
aroused widespread interest 
among Coreign joaraafists who 
are eager to obtain inform ation 
from the players concerning 
their hockey . background and 
what they do in private fife and 
bow they have acquired sscb 
high standards of fitness. The 
England squad will provide 
some of the answers when they 

Early days 

While England were fighting 
their way through to the World 
Cup semi-finals, a ceremony 
took place at Willesden at the 
weekend to mark the game’s 

Etienne Clichiich, the French 
.president of the International 
Hockey Federation, took time 
out to plant a chestnut tree oo 
the spot where the first game is 
generally acknowledged to have 
been played, at Teddingiqn 
Cricket Club, Bushy Park, in 

The sport was invented by 
cricketeivhitting a ball around 
the outfield between makeshift 
goals during a rain-stoppage. 

M Gtichiich toasted hockey’s 
future in a tankard which be- 
longed to one Edged 
Westmacott, who devised the 
circle which restricts the area 
from which shots at goal can be 
taken- The circle was first used 
in a game between Teddingion 
and Surbiton on December 9. 

The champagne toast was 
joined by Philip Appleyard. 
president of the Hockey Associ- 
ation of England. 

Mr AppUryard took a swig 
from the one-time pot of Slade 
Lucas, or Teddingion Hockey 
Club, whose bitting was _ so 
powerful the association 
brought in the rule requiring the 
comer-hit to be stopped before 
the shot at goal. 

hold a press conference at 
Willesden this afternoon. 

The England team have been 
happy in the company of 
Sounder Khehar, their liaison 
officer whose last World Cup 
appearance for England was at 
Bombay in 1982 when he was 
captain . for. the last, match 
against Malaysia. He was 
capped 60 times for England 
between 1974 and 1982 ami 12 
times for Great Britain. 

Brian Ware, tile Southern 
Counties secretary, has earned 
himself an unusual reputation. 
He has been a Kaisoii officer 11 
tunes and the teams be has 
looked after have always fin- 
ished last. This lime be was 
liaison officer lor Canada who 
were last la Creep B. 

1984 Olympic Games in Los 

He did not go to Seoul for 
the Asian Games where Paki- 
stan lost Ibeir title after a 2-1 
defeat by South Korea. He was 
flown to London as a late 
replacement for the World 
Cup but apart from scoring 
one goal in a crisis against 
New Zealand whom Pakistan 
defeated 5-3 he has not re- 
vealed his true class. 

The Indian team is fuD of 
talent which it unfortunately 
could not put together but one 
man has so far stood out as the 
supreme artist — Mohammed 
Shahid, who has played 195 
international matches. He. 
like others of his breed, have 
come to realise that inter- 
national hockey is dominated 
by the taQ and the strong not 
by little men with magic m his 

Today's matrhes: Play-offs: 
(9th and 12th places) New 
Zealand v India (2.0); Paki- 
stan v Canada (4.30). 5th to 
8th places: Argentina v Poland 


Dooley and 
back in the 

By Da rid Hands 


As the mists of astiuuu 
gather, an rnisemonal stirring 

appears in the north where two 

leading players are in the pro- 
cess of returning to the game. 
Wade Dooley, the Engjaad lock, 

played his second game of the 

season yesterday and Phil 
Moss, (be En gland B 
who was pandering r etirement , 
has indicated to Orreil that he 

may yet become available for 


Dooley, a member of 
England's World Cnp squad, is 

of more immediate Merest to 

the national selector*. Bat if the 

31-year-old Moss regams match 

fitness qaackly - be stay yet 
r em in d (he dmsianal selectors 
ofhis ability. It is only last year 
that be played in England's B 
sMe against Italy at 

Dooley's match far the Lan- 
cashire Police last week was his 
first since last April - when he 
snapped the medial ligaments of 
his right knee and tore the 

"'♦gf in a game for the 

British lioas against the Rest of 

the World at Cardiff. “Although 

it was something of an nbr* 11 

game 1 was glad of it afterwards 

because so mnefa of these inju- 

ries are In die mind,*’ he said. 
“The knee felt good and I came 

throqgh wD, though the longs 

were suffering.'" 

Depending on how he 

after yesterday's game 
West Yorkshire Police, 
may look for a game this 
weekend for FyUe. the dob he 

has jast joined from Preston 

Grasshoppers. Wisely he de- 
clined an invitation to tarn oat 
for Lancashire in ***♦ night's 

County Championship nwi rh 
with Cheshire. 

It was with considerable sad- 
that Dooley decided to 

leave the 'Hoppers, the dab be 

joined when he was 19. Now. 18 

years later, he is aware that be 

can nomber the seitons left to 

him at international levtL Since 

Dooley: single-minded about improving his own game 

top scorer with 10 goals at the Lb is ambition to add to his 10 

caps fans not wavered, Dooley 

has sought a dab with a stronger 

fixture list where be can form a 
regular pairing with Sieve 
Bain bridge, another England 
lock seeking to regain his place 
in the national team. s 
“It's a means to an end," 
Dooley said. At 6ft 8m and 
nearly I8st, he has become 
aware of his worth in the 

England ride and his potential 

as a member of the World Cnp 

iqaart He wants to make rare 

the selectors do not pass him by. 
Although both he and 
Bainhridge are natural uriddle- 
oftite-tine jum per s . Dooley 
would aot mnal jumping at the 
franc he enjoyed his roving 

commission at the Uneoat for 

England last season and is 
aware of the flexibility r e quire d 
of any squad member. 

In the space of 15 mouths, 
starting In January 1985, 
Dooley not only won all bis caps, 
bat played for the Lioas, star- 
tling many people with Ms speed 
■ml bait-handling tWII,. Hh 

totiM tititd— i at ■■■■ [ wny l ng 

his game has been obvious to 

even the most casual observer, 
and it is the same approach 

which has taken him to Fylde 


OrreU, meanwhile, have not 
been doing at all badly in the 
absence of Moss. There is 

doubt, however, that al 6ft din he 

adds a certain presence to their 

back row. He helped Lancashire 

Ip the semi-finals of the Comity 

flu Mpfaii^ hip last fftwn 

is one of those players so 
valuable to any representative 
squad — Hite Peter Cook (Not- 
tingham) or Mark Rose (Wasps 
) — in that he could, at need, 

cover any postion in the back 

five of the scram. His dub and 

hjs divisional selectors will 
watch his progress with interest. 

France try out new Smith left 
men in Bucharest in the cold 

By Darid Hands, 

Old-timers re-enact start of first-ever hockey match 

France have selected two 
newcomers in their team to play 
Romania in Bucharest on Octo- 

ber 25: Philippe Berot. the Agen 
full back who. like so many 
other Frenchmen in his po- 
sition, is also fast enough to play 
on the wing, and AJain 
CarminauL the Beziers back 
row forward. 

There is also a recall for Herve 
Chabowski, the Bourgoin loose- 

head prop who pbjwd against 

Argentina in 1985, which will 
allow France to look at the cover 

for Philippe Marocco in a match 

which is not only their find in 
group A of the FIRA com- 
petition, but will be a pointer to 
form before the two inter- 
nationals against New Zealand 
on November 8 and 15. 

Berot. a 2! -year-old student. 

trices the place on the right wing 

occupied Iasi season by Lafond 
and, for the most part during 
their Pacific tour during the 
summer, by LagisqueL He 
played full back for bis dub in 
the championship final last May 
when he kicked their two pen- 
alties (he may also start as first 
choice goaf-kicker in Bucharest) 

and can also play centre. Against 

Romania he will have the not 

inconsiderable help inside him 

of Sella, his dub colleague. 

Carmina tn, a 20-year-old at 
present doing military service, 
played for the French Barbar- 
ians against the touring Scots 
earlier (his year. If he is success- 

ful be may retain the No 8 
postion ahead of Joinel who is 

now 33 and becoming move 
prone to injury. 

There is no place in the match 

squad for Dintrans. the former 

hdoker and captain, who spent 

most of last season out of action 

because of a disc injury. Never- 

theless Dintrans is a member of 
the French World Cup squad 

and will have a chance to 
indicate his form in Strasbourg 
next Tuesday when a French 
Select XV plays the New Zea- 
landers m the first game of their 

Daniel Dubroca retains both 

the captaincy and the booking 

berth and his dub scrum half 

Pierre Bcrbizier. is chosen ahead 

of Jerome Galiion, as he was 
throughout last season. 

Although the diminutive 
Didier COdomiou has not man- 

aged to force his way back as one 
of the centres, he does appear 

tbe same day in the French team 

which plays Wales in t B 
international at Pontypridd. 
Codorniou is one of four capped 
players which, ft has been 
agreed, both countries may 
select contrary to previous 

The other three senior players 
in the French B side are Marc 
Andrieu, the Nimes centre who 

played on tour against Argen- 

tina and New Zealand during 
the summer. Marc S&Uefranque, 
tbe Dax full back capped in 1981 
and 1982, and Claude POrtolan, 
the Toulouse tight-head prop 
who played against Australia in 
Sydney last June. 

There can be little doubt that 
Welsh spectators at Pontypridd 
will appreciate the fiery skills of 

Janik and Maset, the Toulouse 

flankers who appear in harness. 
Both players were outstanding 
during their dub's 16-6 club 
championship win over Agen 
last May 

Fiance have another inter- 
national commitment, against 
the Soviet Union before meet- 
ing New Zealand in Toulouse. 
For the New Zealanders ft will 
be their last visit to Europe until 
1989 when they are due to visit 
Wales and Ireland, though they 
have replaced their emerging 
players team with a B team 
which is scheduled to tour 
overseas every three years, 
beginning in 1987. 

FRANCE (v Romania, Bucharest*: S 

i P Bar* (AganL P Sato 

E Bow n a rel (Toutause). P Evtam 

■■■ (pax), P 


>(ToujonL A 
. J C o n do m (HP- 
mz). (MorstenwS. A 

By Ian McLaochlan 

_ Tbe Scottish Rugby Union 
yesterday announced the wm»^ 

of 30 players who will take part 

in a private training session at 
Murrayfield next Wednesday in 

preparation (bribe international 

season ahead. 

The Johnston brothers, Stuart 
and David, Wyllie, Baird. 
Robertson and Dam are all 
injured, and unavailable. So the 

door is opened for Edwards, 

Kcr, and McAslan. none of 

whom can be considered serious 

contenders to gain national 

' Of the 16 forwards chosen 
only Turnbull, the Hawick 
flanker, is uncapped, and tbe 

only remarkable aspect of the 

selection is the omission ofTom 

Smith, the Gala lock who has 

been in grand form so far this 


(Gaia). M Duntart (Wsst ert Scofland). B 

Edwada (Boreujpnw). G Hastogs and 

S Hasdnga (Wmsowns). A Kcr (Kaso). R 

tofctaw ZtodforeM). SUcUki (Hanots). 

KNwrn (Hawick). JRubmtMl 
J Scott, S Scon (SJawarTs mum A 
IKbKo). ITnkalo (SeUfli). 

Fumiidc J Baatta (Glasgow Academi- 
cals). A O aada. F Colder, j Gaidar (tf 
Stewarts MaMto). G CaBander (Kalso). A 

Caam k — (Hawick). J C o m pb H l o mm a r - 

ton (London ScorasW, C Daato JHBHEkL 

4 4e They (Kateo), I Htee (Hanots), I 
Pmon (SetoNk N Rowan (Boroughmukl 

D — ,jaw.w33F * 

YTheran _ . 
Janik (Toulouse), 

omouse), T M mii rrmaouse). 

(Toulon). _ 

Y Rous (Toulon). K 

G BourgnlgMn 

Bank denies 
SA payment 

Johannesburg (Reuter) 
Volkskas. a South African bank, 
yesterday denied making secret 
payments of £1 million to the 
’rebel* New Zealand (earn earlier 

this year, despite Colin Meads. 

the manager, confirming in 
London last week that “very 
generous donations'* were paid. 

Hennie Diedericks. the Volk- 
skas general manager, said the 

bank's only involvement with 

tbe sport was as major share- 

holder in Ellis Park Stadium, 
home of the Transvaal Rugby 
Union which organized the 
tour. “If any Sponsorship took 
place, it would have been han- 
dled by the board of Ellis Park 
acting on their own mandate.” 
said Mr Diedericks. 



In footprints of Budd 

David Strang could be the 
next Springbok star of Bntisb 
aihleiics.Thc 17-year-oW from 
Johannesburg seems set to lot- 
low the footsteps of Zola Budd 
by using a Union Jack spring- 
board onto the world stage. 

The difference between Miss 
Budd and Strang, the promising 
middle-distance nmiter, how- 
ever. is that he was boro m 
Scotland and went to South 
Africa with his femily at the 
of seven, so there will not be the 
same problems concerning nis 
eligibility to compete lor 

If reports of his precodous 
talent are true then theboy who 
dreams of emulating Sefcgan 
Coe. Steve Oven and Steve 
Cram is likely to be welcomed m 
Britain with open arms- 

Ah bo ugh several American 
universities are already making 
overtures. Lorraine Lane, his 
coach, is busy’- making aroange^ 
mails for the youngster to come 
to Britain early next summer 
and hopefully qualify to repre- 
sent. Britain.: to. the 1988 world 
junior championships. 

“His ambition is to run for 
Britain in the next Olympic 

Games." she said, 

Strang, the South African 
national junior 800 metres 
champion, won the South Af- 
rican schools title in I min 49.9 
secs at Durban this month and 
is less than a second off the 
South African junior record. 
Coe did not break the 1 :50 mark 
until he was 19. 

Strang also won every trade 
event, from J 00 metres to cross- 
country. except the 100 metres 
hurdles, at King Edward SdiooL 
Johannesburg, tins year. 

“Certainly if he is running the 
sub-1.50 times \ have been 
quoted then he ranks above 
anyone else in his age group in 
this country.” Nigel Cooper, 
secretary of the British Amateur 
Athletic Board, said- 
“Wiihout a doubt, if he is 
doing that at 17 then he could 
well be in contention for a place 
in the 1988 world juniors. Bui 
having said that, every year I am 
told about bright new South 
African talents,, most or whom 
■ foil to malcrijItziL” 


No time to retire 

It was presumed that the 
return of tbe successful British 
karate team from the world 
championships ha Asstrafia 
woald mark toe end of their 
years of domination. Surely, 
Ticky Donovan, the ma n a ger 
and coach, would be forced to 
look for new, young talent to fiU 
the shoes of toe brilliant, but 
ageing champions. 

But with tbe third world title 
in their pockets and toe gold and 
silver medals in tbe heavyweight 
category, it appears that the 
teadiog trinity of Vic Charles, 
JeaffTbompsoa and Pat McKay 
are even more strongly commit- 
ted to continuing. 

'“As for as 1 am concerned, 
they could be back, unchanged, 
in two years time," Donovan 

Even Pat McKay, still smart- 
ing after losing bis world tight 
heavy weight tide by the smallest 
of mannas in toe final, is 
determined to continue, not least 
became there is the lure of 
winning a European title next 
May in front or his heme crowd 
— the venue is Glasgow. 

By Nicolas Soames 

“The other factor is that while 
Jeoff may be 28 and Pat 29, it is 
worth toinkjng that neftfter wfl] 
be as otd in two years time as Vic 
Charles is now," Donovan 

He is 32, but makes no 
concessions in the way be com- 
peres or trains. Despite 
Charles's current esthustasm, it 
would appear highly unfikely 
that he will still compete in 
1988. for his involvement with 
the commercial development of 
karate and his activities as a 
c o ach, will not allow him to 
maintain a competitive trainh^ 
programme. However, he in- 
sisted dial be hag rejected all 
thoughts of retirement. “1 fee/ as 
fast and as strong as ever." 

Bat the shadow cast by these 
top veterans is so strong that the 
question must be asked whether 
it has effectively stifled the 
younger generation. 

Ooee they have gone, toe 
heavyweight section may take 
time to regenerate a world-class 
team. «hk may be 

Donovan's dSemma. 


Lendl’s Davis Cup plea 

Ivan LendL the world's No 1 
tennis player, said yesterday 
that his Davis Cup future lay 
with the United Slates rather 
than his native Czechoslovakia. 
LendL who helped Czecho- 
slovakia win the Davis Cup in 
1980. said he would never play 
for them again and would like to 
represent toe United States “if 
given the opportunity." 

Lendl, who has lived in tbe 
United States since 1981, said 
he had applied 16 months ago 
for a green card, tbe first step 
towards gaining United States* 
citizenship. He said he under- 
stood it took approximately two 
years for. the application to be 
processed, although there was 
no guarantee that he would gain 
citizenship, “i may never get it 
or it may come tomorrow", he 

Lovoridge. toe New Zealand 
scrum-half, is having to wail for 
his Harlequins debuL For this 
weekend's matches. Loveridge 
has again been named in Harle- 
quins 2nd XV, but could be 
promoted for toe following 
Saturday's trip lo Cardiff. 

BOXING: Chris Pyatt has given 
up toe British light middle- 
weight title io concentrate on 
the defence of his European 
title. Pyatt will not now defend 
the British championship 
against Lloyd Hibbert and the 
British Boxing Board of Control 
will consider what action to take 
over this weight division at their 
next meeting. 

RUGBY LEAGUE: Leigh want 
to sign toe Hull centre. James 
Leutuai. but are not willing to 
meet Huffs transfer valuation of 
£50.000 for toe New Zealand 
international. The Leigh chair- 
man. Brian Sharpies, said: “ 
Leuiuai insists be is a free agent 
and is keen to join us." 

FOOTBALL: Lincoln City have 
had to revise their plans for an 
ambitious new stand at iheir 
Sincil Bank ground. The 
replacement for the old Si 
.Andrew's siand. was originally 
expected to cost £750.000. bui 
that estimate rose to nearly 
£900.000 after the local safety 
committee imposed extra con- 
ditions. City now intend to 
build a £300.000 stand. 

Marsh sticks to 
grim task of 
grinding India 

From Richard Streeton, Bombay 

Grim, anritional batting yes- 
terday enabled Australia to 
dominate throughout when the 
third and final Test match began 
in the Wankhede Stadium. 
Geoff Marsh, with a staunch 89. 
defied the India attack for five 
and a half hours, without giving 
a chance, as Australia made 217 
for two by the close. 

Once Border won the toss for 
the third time in the senes. 
Australia had every incentive to 
bat as long as possible on a pitch 
expected to crumble. They suc- 
ceeded beyond their expecta- 
tions. probably, as the three 
main Indian spinners were un- 
able so for to obtain any 
assistance from the wicket. 

Though the conditions were 
against him. it was surprising 
that Kapil Dev again grossly 
under bowled himself. Ii re- 
fuelled speculation that toe In- 
dian captain has not completely 
overcome rumoured baric and 

knee worries. Kapil bowled only 
19 overs in the first Test as 
Australia made 574 and 1 70 and 
only 14 in the second at Delhi, 
admittedly in a game ruined by 
the weather. 

After three overs yesterday 
Kapil took himself off and 
bowled two more in the after- 
noon before foiling to field for 
30 minutes after tea. India took 
the new ball ten minutes from 
toe end and Kapil bowled one 
undistinguished over. Inquiries 
that anything is wrong are met 
by denials, but observers are 
entitled to query, either bis 
fitness or his captaincy. 

Marsh, a Western Australian, 
playing his ninth Test, is an 
awkward customer to dislodge 
when he is in tots mood. He was 
convened into an opener early 
in his international career ana 
revels in the opportunity to 
build a long innings. He nudged 
or pushed 27 singles among nis 
48 scoring shots from 267 balls. 

Marsh's concentration never 
wavered for a moment but he 
looked 9 drawn, haggard man, 
as he walked off. drenched with 
sweat after his stint in scorching 
sunshine and stifling humidity. 
Seven of toe ten Test matches 
played in this stadium since it 
was built 12 years ago. have 
ended in a positive result, with 
the team batting first, providing 
five of toe winners. It Australia 
take this match, and with ft the 
series, they will owe much to 

Inevitably, one fears, there 
was a clash between players and 
umpires, when an appeal for a 
catch at silly point, against Boon 
earty on. was turned down. 
Boon thrust his leg at a boll. 

which seemed to strike the pad 
but Vengsarkar. the fieldsman, 

Yadav was joined in bis 
petulance against Ghosh, the 
umpire, by Maninder Singh, 
before Kapil intervened. Words 
were also exchanged b etween 
(he fieldsmen and the Austra- 
lian batsmen. Yadav was un- 
fortunate to have Jones missed 
from a stumping chance later 
and bowled with consistent 
guile and accuracy. 

India had to summon Rqju 
Ktilkami overnight from his 
Bombay home when both 
Sharma and Binny. his intended 
replacement, reported bade 


G R Mmn not out . “ 

D C boon c Gmbx* B KMwnL— *7 

D M Jews c Mb 0 Vdw . ... 38 

"A R Boroor rai out X 

Extra fe 7. ito S) 12 

Tool (? wfcts. ft o«ari)_ 


fall of wickets- i-ts 2-1 si. 

Q M Rnaw. g R 4 MMtnm. S R warolx 
IT j Zooms* , s a Rwft O R (Moan «wR 
j Bngm lobai 

BOWLING KUkaml 12-1^8-1: KapB Dev 
6-1-16-0. Shasm 25-1CM3-0. Yadav 2*7- 
52-1: Manmar Smjri 18-5-484: Sr*, 
hanm 2-0-34. To dtta- 
MOtA: S M Gavastar. K SrtkUtth. D B 
Vanasarkar. M Ajnarumn. M vwian. 
R J Shasm. Kapd Daw. T* S Mon. 
Maninder Sngh, S N Yadav and R R 

strains. Kulkami, who is 24, was 
in India's team 10 Australia a 
year ago. but did not win a Test 
place. He bowkd. initially, with 
plenty of lire but overdid his 
attempted bouncers. On a more 
helpful surface, though, his 
smooth action suggests he might 
be a rival for Cheian 

Australia seldom rose above 
an average of 2.5 runs an over. 
Boon was the only batsman who 
occasionally gave toe bowlers 
any encouragement. Shortly at 
ter lunch he aimed a loose cut 
against Kulkami, and although 
More could only parry toe ball 
above his head, Gavaskar dived 
from first slip to take a fine 

Jones chafed at the bit once or 
twice, but dutifully kept bis 
head down with some judicious 
drives between mid- wicket and 
mid-on and one thumping 
straight four against a Kulkami 
full toss, the best stroke of the 
day. Jones had been in nearly 
two hours when he pushed a 
catch 10 silly point in the second 
over after tea. 

During the last 85 minutes 
Border regularly tried to sweep 
the spinners, or prance out to 
drive, but even these main- 
tained discretion. 

Gatting rests while 
England practise 

Mil* Parting n«d hn HnHmm 

needed medical attention yes- 
today as England's bmU-np to 
Saturday's opening fixture ia 
Australia ran into its first minor 
set-hacks. Carting, the captain, 
was confined to toe team's hotel 
in Brisbane with a fingering 
chest infection while Botham 
left early from a practice session 
to visit a chiropodist. 

Botham has a slight infectioo 
ia toe same big toe which has 
regularly troubled him over tbe 
last couple of years. 

Bat both players are expected 
to be fit for tbe three-day match 

t Queens bud Country 

starts in Bandabcrg this 

Laurie Brown,' the Engfawd 
physiotherapist said: “Gatting 
picked op his chest infection 
before leaving London and it has 
flared up again since we have 
been here. We don't want to take 
any chances so he is on antibiot- 
ics and having a rest." 

He added: “Botham had a 
piece oT his toe nail removed by 
the chiropodist and should be 

fine now. He had toe whole naO 
removed jast o*er a year ago hot 
a little bit of infection has got in 
there again.** 

Thongh Botham neither bat- 
ted nor bowled when England 
staged a two-how practice game 
yesterday he stfll had time to 
take a sp ectacul a r one-handed 
slip catch high over his head off 
the edge of Chris Broad's bat. 

That false shot apart. Broad 
looked in good form -ns did all 
the b a ts m en , apart from Wfif 
Stack, who is straggling a little 
at the moment. 

David Cower produced same 
classic off-drives whfle Allan 
Lamb and James Whitaker both 
went through their fall rep- 
ettoire against toe pace bowien. 
But it is Bfll Atbey who is 
impressing most at the moment 
with solid technique and soand 

The assistant manager, 
Mickey Stewart, declared him- 
self well satisfied with the work- 
oat and has given the players a 
day off today. 

Willey for Gower 

Lrioerorshire have appointed Willey, as Gower's successor. 
Peter Willey as their captain for Willey, aged 36. ioined 
next season 10 place of David Leicestershire tone yeara ago 
Gower, the former England from Northamptonshire. The 
HK * npr move immediately .paid divi- 


Gower, who missed the final 
three county championship 
matches last season to recharge 
his batteries in time for the 
current tour of Australia, was 
relieved of the captaincy but was 
awarded a benefit next year. 

At the time Mike Turner, toe 
secretary-manager, said be felt 
the added commitment of a 
benefit and Gower’s likely 
involvement with England 
would hamper his ability to 
captain the county side. 

Gower accepted this and last 
night tbe county's cricket 
committee derided to appoint 

dends wito Willey being selected 
for England on a number of 
occasions, and there was his 
masterly match-winning perfor- 
mance in the 1985 Benson and 
Hedges Cup final when he 
helped his new county to their 
first trophy for eight years. 

• Leicestershire have appointed 
Chris BaldeTstone. their experi- 
enced opening batsman, as 
cricket development officer. 
Balder-stone, who played only a 
handful of games last season, 
will also be captain or the 
county's second XI. 

The English fly that 
settled in Montana 

By Conrad Voss Bark 

American dry fishermen in 
Montana hare a great deal to 
teach tbe English. While fishing 
rivers such as the Yellowstone, 
toe Madison, Hemy's Fork of 
the Snake, and their smaller 
tributaries, the spring-fed 
creeks. I was impressed by 
American skills, the high qual- 
ity of their presentation, and the 
excellence of their tackle. 

The only English fly that I 
discovered among the hundreds 
of patterns in the trays of the 
tackle shops was oar G and H 
Sedge, simplified by tbe Ameri- 
cans as tbe Goddard Caddis, 

This, and toe Elk Hair Caddis 
were deadly among tbe bril- 
fiantly gin-dear waters of 
Henryk Fort, during a rise to 
sedge which were hatching in 
amounted numbers. 

Presentation involves a long 
leader ami a Gne point (tippet) of 
bo more than two or three 
pounds breaking strain (5 and 
6.V) to take the very small duns 
necesssaiy daring a hatch of 
small naturals known as trices. 

For bigger dons we used an 
Adams, probably toe most popu-. 
far general pattern, which also 
works well on oar own chalk 

streams in Hampshire. Braided 
leaders and “shock gum" arc 
becoming popular. 

A new development to fly 
dressing is the growing use of 
synthetic materials to replace 
the standard dubbings of rabbit 
and seal fur. Some of these by- 
prod sets from the refineries are 
very fine, look remarkably good, 
and are even being used for toe 
wings of spinners. 

With these new materials very 
delicate ethereal fly patterns can 
be produced on hooks from size 
16 to 24 which are very effective 
in deceiving big trout that may 
well have been caught several 
times and returned to the water 
on the “catch and release" or 
“no-ltill" areas of many of the 

Very few Americans carried 
landing nets, releasing their fish 
by handling them under water 
and using artery forceps to take 
not the hook. 















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Lyle serves up 
a warning 
to the young 

From Mitchell Platts, Paris 

The latest golfer to roll off 
the American college produc- 
tion line faces an enormous 
examination of character 
when the Lanc&me Trophy 
begins on the Si-Nom-la- 
Breteche course here today . 

Jack Nicklaus Jnr steps on 
to the first tee with an 
intimidating name, but with 
precious lime else to suggest 
he is capable of following in 
his famous father's footsteps. 

Moreover, he was given an 
instant indication of the 
heights he will need to scale 
this week to make an immedi- 
ate impact when Sandy Lyle 
powered his way to an 
astonishing course record of 
61 in the pro-am. 

In truth, not too much 
should be expected from the 
Golden Bear's cub this week 
as he prowls the fairways with 
barely one month's experience 
as a professional- He has made 
an inauspicious start to his 

examine at close quarters the 
prodigious strengths of Jose- 
Maria O total's game. 

They tee off together with 
Olazabal, ai 20. five years 
younger than Nicklaus though 
also in his first year as a 
professional, seeking to sus- 
tain his remarkable form 
following victories in the 
European Masters and Sanyo 
Open during the last five 

Olazabal's extraordinary 
success has overshadowed 
everything else in Europe this 
year, excepting the five tri- 
umphs of his compatriot, 
Severiano Ballesteros. Even 
the luckless Lyle is well aware 
of that 

Card of the course 






























































Out 3,374 36 In 3J339 36 

Total yardage: 6,713 Pan 72 

new career by scoring 85 and 
81 to miss comprehensively 
the halfway cut in the Mem- 
phis Classic. Then followed an 
equally disappointing perfor- 
mance at the initial stage of 
the US PGA Tour “school” 
which left him clutching at 
straws as sixth reserve for the 
second instalment 

So the chances are that 
Nicklaus will be compelled to 
rely on invitations to the 
European Tour next year in 
order to further his education. 
They should be forthcoming 
not only because of his name 
but also as be is a personable 
young man already accom- 
plished in the art of conduct- 
ing himself in the best 
traditions of the game. 

The only problem is that he 
is clearly not too adept in the 
an of self-defence as be was 
required to have seven 
stitches in his left arm follow- 
ing a “rough and tumble” with 
his brother Steve. “Next time 
I'll know to pick on someone 
more ray size!,” he joked. 

By a strange coincidence, or 
more precisely with assistance 
from those who “fix” the 
draw, Nicklaus, tike his father 
at Wentworth two weeks ago, 
will have the opportunity to 

Lyle, following his defeat by 
Greg Norman in the World 
Matchplay Championship fi- 
nal at Wentworth, spent last 
week on more mundane mat- 
ters, shovelling the leaves 
from his garden. Even so he 
has continued to work on 
improving his posture, as 
instructed by Bob Torrance, 
the teaching professional, to 
remodel his swing. 

“In short. Bob has told me 
to stick out my backside so 
that it locks the top half of ray 
body,” explained Lyle with a 
wry grin. “I'm now moving 
the ball from right to left 
rather than cutting it all over 
the place.” 

It certainly worked in the 
pro-am. Of his 10 birdies, Lyle 
had six in succession from the 
7th and for good measure he 
included an eagle at the 5th. “1 
missed an eight foot putt at the 
13th to go II under par or else 
I might have broken that 
magical 60 barrier ” he added. 

Lyle is hovering in foreign 
territory in 27th place in the 
Epson Order of Merit this 
season, with winnings of only 
£45,000. That dims in 
comparison with the colossal 
earnings of Ballesteros 
(£214,935) and Olazabal 
(£130,963). who are currently 
first and second respectively 
in the money list. 

The first prize of £33,000 
offers Lyle the opportunity td 
propel himself back into the 
top 10. 

China opening 

A contingent of British and 
Irish amateur golfers mil be 
following the Queen to China 
later this month. Thomas 
Cook Financial Services an- 
nounced in London yesterday 
that they are sponsoring the 
first China Open amateur 
men's championship in 
Guangdong Province, north of 
Macao, from October 30- 
November 2. 


W M onnoenos subject to rescrutiny All matches tor Oct 11th 





24PTS £753,649 00 

23PTS £8,831-85 

22VZPTS £1,100-45 

22PTS £242-15 

21VzPTS £143-40 

21 PTS £25-35 

Mh Chance ifrrM«Mb (omits of Vlp. 


4 DRAWS £43-65 

10 HOMES £12-10 

4AWAYS £348-45 

Abm dhriinds to nits oflOp 

Expanses and Commission 
27th September 1986- 30-0* 





H. McDonald 

m555!5tG55Go[§n 72 , 6*6 


24 pts £1 66,815-65 

23 pts XI £93-25 

22% pts m .X279^M 

22 pts - £67-45 

21% pts £36-20 

Treble Chance Dividends to Units of 

10 HOMES £2665 

(Nothing Barred) 

5AWAYS £197-15 

(Nothing Barred I 

4 DRAWS JE2225 

(Nothing Barred) 

Above Dividends » Units OflOp. 

Expenses and Commission for 77th 
SeotemDer 1986-30-9% 


» LONDON EC 1 . 
mJA Phone 0 1 -253 S376 






24 Pts: £70, 124.86 

23 Pia 1308.75 

22 vs Pts -£44.70 

22 Pts. £13.70 





iPad on 3 eonecu 

4 SUPER HOMES £286.40 

A bove d t vMsn de to lOptmNe. 




S-MV if *MMaB HU. Mr. ttUsH of I 

Getting out of the rough is tough, Federica Dassu seems to be saying to herself 

Tilings fall right for Huke 

By John Hennessy 

Beverly Huke, a former En- 
gland amateur golf champion, 
stole the limelight on the first 

day of the £25,000 Laing Classic 
round of 

with a brilliant round of 66. 
seven under par, over the 5,690- 
yard Stoke Poges course yes- 
terday . She is three strokes 
ahead of four players sharing 
second place, inducting the for- 
midable figure of Laura Davies, 
the new British Open champion. 

This was Miss Huke's lowest 
round in her eight years as a 
professional, and by no means 
that much of a surprise, for all 
her humble position (18th) this 
year in the Ring & Bcymer order 
of merit 

She has always had a classi- 
cally fluent swing, but she is a 
perfectionist and, not content 
with finishing successively 
third, fourth and third again in 
the order of merit over the last 
three years, she has been re- 
modelling her swing with a less 
open position at the address. 

For all her lack of success this 
year, by her standard, her 
potential is strikingly apparent 

— if only everything would drop 
into place. Everything did yes- 
terday, apart from an unkind 
rub of the 17th green, her ball 
there struck a sprinkler and 
kicked off into the rough- Thus 
she was denied what would have 
been her eighth birdie of the 

She reached the turn in 33. 
four under par. in spite of 
narrowly foiling with eagle putts 
from 12 feci on two long holes, 
the fifth and ninth, and came 
home with the same score. 
Apart from holing from 15 feet 
for her three at the 336 yard 
14th. she made no demands on 
her putter. 

Miss Davies was perfectly 
content with her round, even 
though it had something of a 

shot to par, when a superb lee 
shot at the 1 4th. drawn along the 
curve of the fairway, was fol- 
lowed by a wayward second to 
an inviting target. 

At that point she had lived 
through a perilous passage, hot 
she bravely took a wood to the 
dangerous 280-yards 15th. with 
its hidden green, and made the 
putting surface for her fourth 
birdie. After that the 389-yard 
1 7th always lay at the mercy of a 
player of her power. 

Apart from being readily 
{dared for another victory. Miss 
Davies has achieved a cushion 
of three strokes over Lotta 
Neumann in the order of merit 
this year, noth its £5,000 
bonusjying between these two. 

Jekyll and Hyde character. She 
had I 

been apprehensive at the 
start, she said afterwards, fear- 
ing a reaction from her stunning 
victory at Birkdale on Sunday, 
and “wouldn't have been sur- 
prised if I'd taken some big 

In fact, she dropped only one 

LEADING SCORES (BnBshiwteas Mated): 
66: B Hufca. sa. L Davies. P Conley (US). M 
Gamer, D Dowkno. 70: S Souchwck. C 
Panton, M W nnc ra ten fSwe). N Mc- 
Cormack. m Marshall (US), a Nicholas. 
71: S Young. A VMson (Austral E Gtess. A 
Slwam (SAL VMamn. C Otontet (Austral, 
H Comstock (US). M Thomson. B Lawn. G 
Smart 72 CGtdtWteL Neumann (Sunk 
D Etad. P Gonzalez (Col). K Douglas, S 
Doing. J Cbnrtactian. PCoe (US). 

Thornhill puts Britain in the lead 

Caracas (Reuter)— Britain led 
the field at the end of the first 
rpund of the women's amateur 
world championship here on 
Tuesday while the United 
States, the favourites for the 
title, had to settle for a tie for 
eighth place with Venezuela, the 
host country. 

Jill Thornhill's one-under-par 
71 gave Britain the advantage in 
the best two of three scoring on 
an 18-hole course at Caracas’ 
Lagunita Country Club. 

Australia followed with 147, 
while there was a four-way tie 
for third {dace, with France, 
Spain. Japan and Switzerland all 
scoring 148 

Peru came in seventh with 
150, while the United States, the 
reigning champions, and Ven- 
ezuela just kept ahead of tenth- 
placed Sweden who had 152. 

Britain's team, which consists 
of Thornhill, Claire Hourihane 
and Patricia Johnson, earlier 
beat the same United Stales 
team in the Curtis Cup com- 
petition. The favoured US 
squad includes Kay CockeriU, 
the American amateur cham- 
pion, along with Kathleen Mc- 
Carthy and Leslie Shannon. 

The Espiritu Santo io or- 
nament brings together women 
golfers from 30 countries for 

amateur golfs most important 
competition. The United States 
has won the biannual event nine 
times and France and Australia 
have each taken home the cup 

In addition to the United 
States and Great Britain, stiff 
competition is expected from 
France, whose team finished 12 
strokes behind the Americans in 
the 1984 tournament in Hong 


143 - Bntaoi; i«7 - Aus&afia; 148 - France. 
Japan, Spam. Swrtzariand; 150 -Iteni; 151 
- Unted States. Venezuela: 152 - 


Nine players 
for Indonesia 

England's largest-ever num- 
ber of invitations has been, 
received for the World Cup in 
Indonesia next month (Richard 

Eaton writes.) Nine players will- 
make the trip to Bandung for the 

first three days (November 4-6) 
and to Jakarta (November 8-9). 

Steve Baddeley and Helen 
Troke, Commonwealth Games 
Mid medal winners, will be 
England's main hopes in the two 
singles events, although a return 
io top form of Nick Yates, who 
surprisingly beat Han Jian, the 
world champion, in the China 
Open earlier in the year, could 
see success for the man from 
Kent There is no place for Nora 
Perry.lhe former world doubles 
champion, who has had a 
disappointing year after her 
disputes with authority. 

ENGLISH INVITEES: Man's singles: S 
Baddeley (Sussex). N Yates (Kent), 
women's a ngle s: H Trake (Hants). F 
EKatt (Surrey). G Gowers (Sussex). Men's 
Douttes: M Dew (MHjcfceutt), b.TaSor 
IMxldlssex). Women's Doubtes: Gowers & 
G Clark (Kent). Mixed Doubles: Clark ft S 
Radberg (Den). 


American college first 

Fullerton, California (AP) — Li 
of China's 

Xiao Ping, a member of China's 
silver medal winning team at 
the Los Angeles Olympics, is to 
become the first gymnast from 
his country to compete for an 
American university. 

According to American 
athletics officials. Li will be 
eligible to compete in the 
United States for one war. He 
has already enrolled at Cal State 
Fullerton university. 

Aged 24, he is blown as the 
‘Great Rider 1 for his grace on the 
pommel horse. He has received 
a perfect score of 10 on the 
pommel horse five limes in 
international competition and 
scores of at least 9.8 for other 

Officials at Cal State predict 
that a year with Li in their team 
will be enough to make them 
real force in college gymnastics. 
Cal Slate finished eighth of the 
United States colleges in 1976 
and 1978. tenth in 1981 and 
ninth in 1985. 

Li has been in the Chinese 
team for seven years and has an 

all-around best score of 58.60. 
By comparison, the National 
Collegiate Athletic Association's 
all-around champion, Jou 
Louis, of Stanford, scored 57.60 
in this year’s championship. 

Li will make his first appear- 
ance fo Chi State in the United 
States Gymnastics Federation 
Mixed Pairs Collegiate National 
Championships m Houston, 
Texas, in December. “This is the 
most exciting thing that’s ever 
happened to me,” said Cal 
State's coach. Dick Wolfe. 

Officials of the Chinese Sports 
Federation said that they were 
unaware that Li was alien ding 
Cal State Fullerton although the 
college had in foci been involved 

in negotiations with Peking for 
eight months. They did say. 
however, tbai a number of 
leading Chinese athletes are 
competing in intercollegiate 
competition in the United 
Slates and elsewhere. 

Li will start attending classes 
at the university this semester, 
studying English and ballet, 
among other things. 




NORTH JUEfUCA: Maternal League ehampt- 
onWap saries: New York Mob 2. Houston 
Astros 1 . New York Mete i. Houston Astros 3 
(best-ol-seven senes teroB-31 Antrim 
League champtanthp sarins play-off: Bos- 
tanfad Sox 10. CaMoma Angela 4 (best-ol- 
sevan senes. DM 3*3). 

SAN Ran): 

1. J Kankkunen and 

- (BL Lands 

Dga.45:4ZOT , Ml and Amaoffl). PeugDoi 
jgS. jnwiSSaec. 5. M Men and L Kmmakl 
(Rnl. Lancia Delta, at 131 


w* Snvo Manchester unfed 88 (Brown 
28). BtniXngftam Buies 82 (G Brancft 19). 


Holmes, a-fl. 7-5. 7-& D Rosogno M I Werner 
(WG). 6-7. 6-2. 6-3; J Carteson (Swo) be J 
Anas. 2-6. 6-3. 6-1: H Kratman (ted) tt R 
Green. 6-4. 6-£M DavabtSMatsuowa. GO. 

Women’s stegteK tint roc 
unless suited): E Oogawa bt A 
(Aro), 6* M. Eteoua MA Fernandez (US, 6- 
1. M: B Heir (US) m A Naira, 7-6. M; a 
K pmuQ bl J Rlcriarason (N2). 7-5. 6-4 
Second round: M*ssm Yai M A Sanchez 
(Spj. 6-2. 6-7. 7-6. G tenanoez (US) M E 
Okagawa. 6-4. 6-2: 8 PuleofAmt M N Prows 
(AusmS- 3. 3-6, 6-1 E teoue ts 5 Wafcjh-Peie 
(USK6-) . W;* Okamcxott v Ne&m-Outtar 


MANCHESTBl: Liverpool VicKm Insurance 
Sisorbwi Fir* roomfcJ Ncxsson u j Genian, 
*■/. 7-3. 7-3: D Gortril tt P Davies, 7-6, &-7. 7. 


COFF3 HARBOUR. Austntfa; Comra- 

i Bank Cfesoic: (Brisbane to CantMnat 
sWjjc 1. S Hooge lAua). Jsi t 6mn 

JOE OWBN BQdEFfT: Newcastle 27. Coins 
BWwrs 24: Mddtostraugh 24. Diamond OB 

NATlOIIAl^ LEAGUE: MOon Koines « 

OTHER MATCH: Pooie v Young Czeenaaova- 
tas. postponed (wstenoggaa track). Re- 
1 today 

■ LYNN: British jmtior leagua rider's 
m w a irmn ii. i. s Wspn (ShaffiSdi. Hpm 

L 25in 1,; 4- D 03,118 (Country), ii (a 


(US). 6-3 61.BHcrr|US)»ICX«0(WG).6-4. 
6-1: N Dos (Braz) tt L Field (Aus), M, M; H 

KeUSjCtei) H A KjMtLM. 7-6. 


3 Hoage (Aus). 
10. Ow a r o l. 1. L 

atSsac 3. M 

AnsenrvH (Smo). 10. OwhoK: 1. L Whalqvat 
'L I1»15. 2. Ametmet, at 68ae~3. A 


(AU9). TI. 


STOCXKWT; Hoft neo ttr world douMas 
FM muMfe P watenom and D Eheahan (ire) 
MO Hugnas (6ngi and A Kearney (iiaL 5-2L J 

WffiniCANEXPHEffl LEAGUE: Premier 

Home Ales Nrittorwum 5. Anew Wage a 
Manchester hormem 0. PourxBtiSaw 
S: v *sop Monroa 2. Hath west 
Cmnay 3: Centrei-Skal Oadby 4. ChappeB 

Donnety fScor) am C fioscoe (Wal) M N 
d M Rsher [Eng). 5-1 


tsamanMBh Meal 
singles: Hnt round: C Mezzadn (It) m M 
Scfopera (NeOiL 6-4. 6-2: B Tcstonnan (US) 
bt M Staler (Czl. 7-6. 6-7. 6-4. G M lifer (SA) 
0t L Pmei 1 icq, 6-3. 6-2. B resterman (US) Dt 
M Snuer (Czl. 7-6. 6-7. W; S Erteson (Swe) . 
w T Hogswot (Swe). 6-4, 6-0; C Mezzaan (tfl 
tn M Sonpere (Nadi). B-4.^2; DVissarfSA) 
bt J HBsek (Switz). M. a* 7-5: S Edbera 
(Swei tn fl Henzog (Swtuj. 54L 6-1: D PmS 
(Ure) tn M Ostoja (Vino). 6-1. 6-4. Y Scnmyj 
1C*) bt T WUitaon (USTm. M. P Stodl 
(Czl bl S Bener (Cz), 6-3, 6-7, S4; P KuOMen 
(WG) bt K Horace* (Cs). 7-6. 7S; P 
MCNamsaiAusim B Custer i Aus). &t. 642; U 
Leacn (US) ot T Mmon (Ugenai 6-4. 7-6 
Secondreupd: Layenoedier (US) bt D 

RLDERSTADT. were Ge rma ny . Women ' a 
■n twna Bonat Ural round: Z Garestm (US) Bt 
„ IS 

S Harska (WG). '5»7, M. T^" 1 m 01 




(AuswSan ixu&i 

Larsen (Den) ot I Oemormeat (Pn. 7-6, 6-4, 2 
Garrison (US) RLGMenKtsier (rani). 


pu u cre ia y cftam pionslap: 

YtKYO: Japan Open: Han't sinda* Rr*t 
round UK untfKs swed): D Pate Scanlon 




ftratetnoianaa Hmsoura. Austma 1. Devon 
OianoteKB 1 BoreJen 0: Ted flnylo n 6. 
Eaaaone 4. Pota Oub. BtecelanA4; SuMown- 

6-3. Second nuxt D Rate bt R L> u — .. u- 
«; J Gram Dt G Donna**. 6-4, 1-6. 6-3. D 
Karenc (Yigoi tt J Lapous. 5-4 s-i:KJms 
w S Guy (NZ1 fZlfi. j Canter Ot D 
Lrengston. 7-6. 5-7. fr4. 5 Dews « S 
vu^nteijmei, uj M: J Soon « B Pean*. 



PEKING: Amen Criamptonsnes (Onesa 
unless stared). Mm Santee jiwnJteMna n 
Tong Vi. gMi. 2I.I6T3H8: Dubm Tmg 
Y: i-ta Hu Am bt Chen umoan and vuei 
Gmgguang. 21-8. 24-22 WonNir Smgtes: Hu 
Zh* k Joo Ztrew. 17-21. 2i’t5. 21-13. 2i- 
14 IhublwOaiL^tewHeZhliOtLiBimriu 
■MQy Jongj hu iN Korea). 
KAPOSVAUt^umpean League Hungary Z 

Ccacnost o ratuaS 


Bishop could yet 

get reduction 

in ban bv WRU 

■ — 

The PoniypooJ scrum half bcenuyingiosh^ee^anmjkfe 

n,™ Kwro. yc. g« . 


reduction in the 


trim out of rujijby until next 

season. The Welsh Rugby 
Union secretary, Ray Wifoams, 
hinted yesterday that Bishop 
could put his case for an easing 

of the suspension if he asked for 

a personal bearing. 

“My committee controls its 
own affoirs and cam always 
reconsider the situation" Wfl- 
tiams said. M 1 have already 
replied to David Bishop's solic- 
itor giving what I hope is a 
complete clarification of A num- 
ber of points he raised. As .yet 
neither Bishop nor his solicitor 
has written requesting an ap- 
peaL When and if they do, we 
will look at the situation.” 

The WRU imposed the ban 

on Bishop after his court appear- 
ance for assaulting Newport's 
Chris Jarman. At the same time 
they stated that the Fontypool 
and Wales halfback would have 
no right of-appeaL 

• Tim Exeter returns from in- 
jury . for Moseley against 
Aberavon at the Reddings on 
Saturday. Exe 
September 20 

Anglo-Scots X 

but has now recovered and 
displaces John Gatehouse in an 
otherwise unchanged team. 

• Eddie Saunders, whose return 
to the Coventry team has twice 
been baulked by foiling late 
fitness tests, hopes to be third 
lime lucky this week. Coventry's 
leading try scorer, Saunders, has 

Saturday. Exeter was hurt on 
20 playing for the 
XV in Amsterdam 

play at Bridgend on Saturday. 

• Kevin Simms, the England 
centre, i aimed a hamstring m 

out of Wasps* match with 
Cardiff at Sudbury on Saturday- 

• Dean Richards and Rory 
Underwood. England mw£ 
nationals, return to the Leicester 
team for their home mmen 
against Northampton on Sat- 
urday. The only othcrchan^io 
the team that beat Richmond 
last weekend is at flank wimre 
Rob Tebbun replaces the for- 
mer capum, Ian Smith. 

• Saracens, the only, club in 
England and Wales with a 100 
percent record, will be without 
their centre. Mark Williams, 
and back row forward, Rea 
Khali li, for the match against 
Exeter at Southgate on Sat- 
urday. Williams, who wfll be 
replaced by Chris Babayotfc. 
suffered a depressed fracture of 
the cheekbone against London 
Irish last week and will be out of 
action for six weeks. Khaliti has 

bruised ribs and his place goes to 
Dave Catchpolc- 

• London Welsh, beaten at 
Bridgend last week, keep an 
unchanged side for the visit of 
Llanelli to Old Deer Park on 
Saturday. That means Dan 
Keating, a late replacement last 
week for Stuart Russell, who 
had a bruised heel, keeps his 

Smith’s sparkle 
inspires Herts 

By Peter Matson 



Hertfordshire 26 

The display of purpose shown 
fry Hertfordshire against Hamp- 
shire at United Services ground, 
Portsmouth, yesterday under- 
lined their determination to win 
Group B. and reclaim their 
position in Group A of the 
London division of the Thorn 
EMI county championship. 

On a sunny, still afternoon. 
Hertfordshire quickly laid the 
right kind of foundation to run 
out winners by two goals, two 
tries and two penalty goals to 
four penally goals. 

From the kick-off. Hertford- 
shire scored a sparkling try 
through Mann, their full back. 
Moving tire ball right from a 
maul, crisp handling created a 
gap for Smith, their wing, who 
enabled Mann to nm powerfully 
to the corner flag. 

Hampshire immediately hit 
back through a well-taken pen- 
alty goal from the 22 by Kearns. 
However Hampshire's handling 
throughout was unsure, while 
Colin Little, the referee, felt 

made the most of a dry ball and 
the firm game. Dowling. Rud- 
Jing. Russell and Smith, in 
another strong run. were first to 
show their appreciation. leading 
to a good try by Tiddy which 
Smith converted. 

Cooke scored a third try 
before half-time, but Hampshire 

managed to keep in touch 
is. who 

through Kearns, who has devel- 
oped a certain prowessas a place 
kicker. He then added a fourth 
penalty goal to pull Hampshire 
to l2r-14 at the sun to the 
second period. 

Yet. the knack of scoring tries 
o Hert- 

belonged exclusively io 
fordshire, and after D 
and Rudling had combr 
Scott's momentum look him 
through a couple of tackles for a 
fourth uy. Smith slotting the 


SCORERS: Hw m MW ! Panafy Spate. 
(4). HartfaidaN ro: TUas fern. 


, Cooke. Scon Ctewemona: Smith 
Ills: SnAh(2L 
R Wood (Trg^ana): C N 

(CanfcartayL * R KaRMf 
ce&DS Pate rortSomhamp- 

(United SarwcesjlD SI 
conL S N Keane (London tnshfc APS 
- - 4 JSaatef 

[HawanQ. 4 J Saner rHavanQ; J H 
i (Portatnoute). H Whiten ad (Haw 
I M tteteate (ThaanaL O Swa- 

(Untta d SetK airl J 

Hsh. captain), A F M Rtadaa 
i Scoaan). M L SbaUoo, (United 

obliged to deliver a short lecture 
to the i 

two from rows on the 
desirability of having an enjoy- 
able afternoon's football after a 
private altercation involving 
Garratt and Andrews. 

The players took note, and 
forming the ball out the backs. 


Kempatar (Saracens). N AM 
cans). « Matona (Mfopa). 

an). A Jentxafe (Becflord) 
: A HaBett, B&cavians). 
:CJUtna (London). 


Daho’s rival in purse 
row with manager 

Brussels (Reuters) — Jean- 
Marc Renard. of Befehim. who 
is due to defend his European 
junior-lightweight title against 
Britain's Najib Daho on Octo- 
ber 31, has been accused of 
“unsporting behaviour" by his 
m a n ag er . 

Robert De Beuckelaere, 
Renard's third manager, said he 
wanted to sever all links “as 
soon as possible”. He described 
the young champion as “looking 
for trouble" following a row 
over purse money. 

Renard will meet Daniel 
Londas, of France, on Decem- 
ber 6 ifhe retains his title against 
Daho in Konrijk. “The contract 

has been signed, but after that 
fight I'm going to sell Renard". 
said De Beuckelaere. 

Renard was expected to start 
training on Monday, but did not 
show up. Inste a d , accompanied 
by a lawyer, he met the show 
organisers and his manager. 

"Hard words were said, but 
we were able to avoid a defin- 
itive breaking of ties,” De 
Beuckelaere said. 

“Although we agreed on the 
contract, Renard au of a sudden 
wanted 300.000 Belgian francs 
(around £5,000) more. Of course 
1 would like him to earn as 
much money as possible, but be 
has to respect commitments”, 
De Beuckelaere said. 


Pioneer of 
Lola has 5 ^ 
sights on 

Staw Eric Rrotedhry 

his first Formula One ear, 

has featured stnmgty ta an Mg 
international motor sport. The 
Bowater Lola in 1962 finished 
fourth hi the wM champion- 
ship. Store then Loin have «• 
the indfonspotif “500." mmcr- 
O us {mere* riosta! sports car 
races, four consecutive Can- Am 
scries, the Indy-style CART 
championship M the United 
States and, mm nteufiy, 
rounds of the Interaattoral For- 



* -■ * 

4 J *W5* 

North Anwrka is Lott’s Wg, 
ttst market at the nwwem . “ 

where can todh at the Hndtog- 

das. rufthridRcsMm. factory r -» 
are racing (and writyofag) la the % 
CART ’UtrtjT champfewWp, ii 
IMSA (Sports car raoug). v 
Spores 2000 ami a number of 
other scries. 

Broadky. as wefi as kfag 
Lola’s mamgfaK dt 
predominantly invol 
Lola's co mm itme n t «o 
championship and he tom tost 
returned from a scries ef fect 
sessions to the Uni ted S tates h 
nrepaiatkui for the 1987 trowwi . 

“It'S important tor ns te via 
the Indianapolis 500 next year. 

Wc'»e won the ch a mpionship 
recently (1985 with Newman, 
Haas and Andretti), hot the tost 
time we won at Indy* to 
1978 with Ai Unser senior." 

A! Uaser junior has recently 
been testing a special develop- 
ment car, fitted with advanced 
measuring devices to inform 
Lola engineers how the chassis 
is performing and show aero- 
dynamic efficiency. 

Bmadley is enthusiastic as 
ever about Lola's fevotoeneat to 
CART. “With aU the tormell 
expected to Grand Prix rachm (a 
return to using non-tarbo- 
charged eterines is immtomt) it 
is rdreshwg to see CART 
remain relatively unchanged," 
he says. “The speeds on some of 
the oral tracks might he too 
high, but then only the best 
drivers arc capable of pushiug 
their cars to that limit Formula 

Ora re stffl the premium Connate 

as tor as worldwide exposure is 
concerned, but in the USA, 
CART is No 1 ” 

After a tough learning year to 
1985, Lola live established 

d a 

* r 

4* * 

T 4* 

."3 ' 

: • 


themselves strongly fa Formula 

3000 this season. "The Formula 
b absolutely right,” Bmadley 
comments. “The costs are well 
controlled, the cars demand 
drivers with skill and intelli- 
gence, and the standard of the 
teams involved is generally high. 
However, the championship cur- 
rently lacks promotion which b 
rita! to attracting Sponsors— but 
the potential b three, especially 
with the variety of challenging 
circuits oa which the cars race." 

Racing fa Grand Prix has 
changed enormously since Lola 
first boat their- Formula One 
car. Cars now race with L000 
horsepower engines and at top 
speeds of over 2Q0mph. 

“Formula One has a problem 
in that it fou to be the ultimate, 
no hol es ha t r e d , tom of raring. 
It tot to be on- the edge in 
(Mimical nnd driver tarns. But it 
b becoming fa citatingfr ctoar. 
that very few. if any, teams «** 
afford the almost mAnMt: 

performance potential that 

oology permits. 

most not stop striving 
technical perfection, bur 
costs have to be CM&wtd 
otherwise the formula 
destroying itself,* 1 dal 

“Achieving m balance ts a Ik 
importanL Take tyres in For* 
muia One — if three b only 
source, the status of Grand 
racing could be devalued, 
vresely, although there te likely 
to be a dose finish to this 
season. Formula One needs 
more (earns and drivers in wiiha 
chance of winning. 

“Hopefully the new normally- 
aspirated 3L5 litre engines will 
cut costs and make the raring 
closer, bat the 500kg weight 
Emit is too low. It viO be 
unnecessarily expensive to buDd 
Formula One cars with 12 
cylinder engines down to that 
minimum figure." 

With Nigel Mansell 
leading the champioiisluiN ... 
ain is m with a good chance of 
world champion at the red 
1986. “I think this 
been fantastic,” be rdutor 


Sponsors give 
full support 
to British team 

Following three successful 
years of sponsoring the No 1 
British team. Allied Steel and 
Wire has agreed to support the 
whole British team for the next 
two seasons. Britain is led by 
Mo Hammond, ihe manager 
from the RAF. and crew mem- 
bers are drawn from outstand- 
ing civilian athletes, the British 
Army and RAF. 

Designs for the latest bob- 
sleighs have come from 
Ekkehard Fasser. the Swiss cur- 
rent World Cup champion, and 
been built in Switzerland by 
apprentices of the sponsors, 
under the supervision of two 
engineering graduates. 

The company has worked for 
over a year on runner technol- 
ogy ana plans a joint study with 
universities with the object of 
equipping the British teams 
with the fastest runners in the 
world in time for the Olympic 
Games in 1988. When this 
season starts in November. 
ASW graduates and apprentices 
will travel in Europe and North 
America with the British team 
to provide technical back-up. 

ASW's support helped Nick 
Phipps's British No I team, to 
win silver and bronze medals in- 
two and four-man bobbing in 
the World Cupand a gold medal 
in the two-man competition 
held in Cortina lasL year. 

Flectalon. a South Wales- 
based firm will ^supply the 
British team with clothing for 
the forthcoming seasons. Flco- 
talon is a clothing filler, made 
for cold conditions, and was 
designed at University College. 
Cardiff. Other sponsors include 
the Si 'e and Prosper Group. 


Gina departs 
in search of 
a world title 

Gina Campbell, almost two 
years to the day since she broke 
the women's world water speed 
record, departs for New Zealand 
tonight to contest the world 
championships in Auckland. 

Miss Campbell will be 


IGck^dt 7^0 wdeu tested 
Hudderanett v Scunmoraa. 
Unnwtety V AFA » (Fmtwr's.aUNV 

HOCKEY: World 


dmwon: Reg Vardy 

end Wattora Royals. 

QQLft Women s umg Ctsnte 

competing in a brand new class 
II “Bluebird" ' 

boat The craft, a 

catamaran; is powered by an 
eight-litre engine and is capable 
of speeds around 1 OOmph. 

It was at Holmepierpom in 
Nottingham that Miss Campbell 
broke the world record with a 
speed of 12185mph. Shortly 
afterwards, while trying to better 
that, her boat flipped over in an 
almost exact replica of her 
father's tragic fata! accident. 

Miss Campbell, in her off- 
shore powerboat. “Agfa 
Bluebird" has also won the 
United Kingdom and European 
championships and is now look- 
ing to the worid title in order to 
claim the Queen of the Water 

England field 
top squad 

. will field three play- 
era who arc ranked in the top 10 
of the senior squad for the 
undcr-23 bad minion match 
against West Germany at 
Gnmsby on November II 
Anders Nielsen, Miles John- 
son and Mathew Smith will be 
joined by Chris Dobson, who 
played in the national squad at 
the worid championships in 


O-* J - C 




Edited by Peter Dear 
and Christopher DavaUe 

In step with the quick-step and waltzing gas fitters 

rrv lunriuT h*. — 

«■ : ' 

. ii. 


9-30pmX Yei another look dnS 8 2 ^™> P° in “ out the 

sub-culture of ballroom Anri™, * ? e we in Britain 

but why not? h is^fter all tfi !? a ^ coho1 TOm J»red to 

accessible Gnderei la «nrv a If« 0lh F r n *'W ! alcohol is leaaL 

times, as we see in this £2? y acceptable to most people, 

at Ac Black^oi c£mn o n r de ble to 18 year dlfc 

plumbers. ^a^SpTSSS ch <*P- But 

shop assistants, ■,!£?!?* !l “ ® dru 8 wh «ch kills up to 100 

: SMftJXS 


; perform lascivious Latin tangos 

t JlJW. “irs ^ 

times as many people as heroin. 
Why isn^ more being done at 
gover nment level to tackle the 
problem? David Henshaw reports. 

5pm;. pie legendary American 

wondcrfel. I can't understand why jurist Ro^fend^ 
everyone doesn't do itTsays one 5 te 4 ned ' °F *■* bewildered by, the 
S^ r .V a . nd is the enthusiasm £ P -K^,,5:. 2 S!^"£^ 

.. *■ -Sr, 2 

„P .. -mMluiiaueiD 

01 al i “E competitors (who may 
spend £3.000 a year' on S 
hobby) that, momentarily at least 
you wonder yomself. .. 

hying. Their utles included The 
Courtship of the Newt The Trou- 
ble with Husbands, The Sex Life 
°£ toe Polyp and How to Sleep, 
which won an Oscar in 1935. This 


illustrated film profile, presented 
by his son and biographer. Na- 
thaniel Benchley, was made in 

• More of a warning, really, than 
a recommendation: THE 
SHOW (BBC I. 830pm) is back 
for another series of “srauttery'* 
and “naughty wobbling things of 
afl denominations**. 

(BBCZ 10.10pm). If you harbour 
any delusions that you're a film 
expert this can be a depressing 
programme to watch. Even if you 
know your bumble place as a 

* viewer, there is a grim purposeful- 
ness about the proceedings which 
makes the Mastermind botseat 

seem positively relaxing by 
comparison. Tonight's is life 
fourth and last heat in which the 
competitors* special subjects are 
the films of Powell and 
Pressbuiger. jack Nicholsdn. the 
Marx Brothers and Sophia Loren. 
The inquisitor, as always, is Robin 

EMPERORS (rrv, 5.15pm) fol- 
lows the Queen on what must 
surely be one of her most enviable 
sight-seeing trips: to Xian, to look 
at the Terracotta Army of Qin Shi 
Hoangti. an emporer who made 
the humane decision to have clay 
replicas of his 6,000 soldiers to 
guard his tomb instead of the men 

• Interested viewers of 
yesterday’s The Bid, which fol- 
lowed Birmingham's . efforts to 

capture the 1992 Olympics for the 
City, may like to inform them- 
selves about the other five 
contenders by watching GOING 
FOR GOLD (C4. 10.30pm). 
which records the past 18 months' 
campaigning activities in Amster- 
dam. Barcelona. Belgrade, Bris- 
bane and Paris, as well as In 


7.30pm) is a musical monument 
to Elizabethan poet, courtier and 
soldier. Sir Philip Sidney, who 
died on October 17. 1 586, from a 
wound sustained in the Battle of 
Zutphen. Music by Byrd, Wand, 

Moriey. Holbome and others, 
played by the Consort of Musi eke, 
is interspersed with readings of 
Sidney's work. 

Anne Campbell Dixon Having a ball: contestants in Dancing in the Rain (BBC 2 , 930pm) 


weather, traffic and sport. 

630 Breakfast Time with Debbie 
Greenwood and Guy 
ft Micheftnore in London and 
Rank Bough in Shanghai with 
news of the Queen's visit to 
l_^ T 5«« t aArmy- Weather 
at 635, 7.25, 735 and 835; 
regional news, weather and 
UBffic at 637, 7.27, 737 and 
B-27; national and international 
news *730, 730, 830, 830 
arei&OO; sport at 730 and 
B-20; and a review erf the 
morning newspapers at 837. 

9.05 Taxing Consciences. A Heart 
of the Matter programme in 
which. David Lomax examined 
the case of Arthur Windsor, a 
librarian who spent three 
weeks in prison for refusing to 
pay £100 in tax because, as a 
pacifist, he refused to 
contribute to defence in 
peacetime. Should the 
government exempt 
condenttous objectors or 
woutd that be an unacceptable 
precedent in a democracy? (r) 

9.40 Ceefax 1Q30 Play School 
presented by SheeJagh Gilbey 
with guest, Wayne Jackman. 
The story Is the traditional, The 
Three Billy Goats Gruff. (ri 
10.50 Ceefax. 

1.00 News After Noon with Richard 
Whitmore and Moira Stuart 
indudes news headlines with 
subtitles. 1-25 Regional news. 
The weather details come from 
Michael Fish 130 Bertha. A 
See-Saw programme for the 
very young, narrated by Roy 
fGrmear with Sheila Walker, (r) 
1.45 Ceefax 332 Re^onaJ 

335 Scragtag and Iks Tea-Time 
Te#y. For the very young 4.10 
Sebastian the Incredible 
Drawing DogL Michael 
Barrymore with the tale of Tafl 
l Hat Joe 4.15 Beat the ■ 
f Teacher. Paul Jones presents 
• another roundxrf the teachers’ 

■ versus puptequtz game 430 
Dungeons and Dragons, (ri 

530 John Craven's N u w s round 

BBC 2 

5.10 Hue Peter reveals the 
na me o f the winner of the 
Outstanding Endeavour Award 
f or 198 6. (Ceefax) 53S The 
Hintstones. Cartoon series. 

630 News with Nicholas Witched 
and Frances Coverdale. 

635 London Plus introduced by 
John Stapleton. Linda MHchafl 
and Carolina Righton. 

730 Top of the Pops presented by 
Simon Bates and Steve Wright 

730 EastEnders. Kathy is 

determined to help her friend 
Angle in her battle with the 
borne. (Ceefax) 

830 Tomorrow’s World discovers a 
laser which win prove or 
disprove Einstein's General 
Theory of Relativity; launches 
a What Happened To-? slot 
about inventions of previous 
series'; examines a new 
pregnancy test for animals; 
tests a new form of lead 
insulation; has good news tar 
diabetics; watches an aerial 
fertilizer bombardment on 
Forestry Commission land; and 
investigates a thief-proof in-car 
cassette player. 

630 The Kenny Everett Television 
Show. A new series of the 
comedy show. The guests are 

Hot Gossip. (Ceefax) 

930 News with John Humphrys and 
Andrew Harvey. Regional 
news and weather. 

935 Crimewatch UK. Nick Ross 
and Sue Cook introduce 
reconstructions of a 24-hour 
kidnapping of aTrttie bey from 
Lincoln to Peterborough; and a 
Bond Street jewel robbery. If 
you can help telephone police 
officers David Hatcher and 
Helen PheJps at the Incident 

10.15 Question Thna from the 
- Greenwood Theatre, London. 
Sir Robin Day's guests are 
Cedi Parkinson, wUHam 
Rodgers, Mary Ann Sieghart, 
and Joan Ruddock. 

'11.15 Cii mc'wa l iJ i Update. 

1135 Rhode. American domestic 
comedy series, (i) 

1130 Weather. 



930 Ceefax. 

935 Daytime on Two: part four of 
the adventure serial In French 
932 Economics: what is the 
Public Interest? 10.15 Science: 
paper 1038 History: the 
Education Acts of 1870 and 
1902 1130 Thinkabout 11.18 
How universities heto the first 
year student to survive 1130 
Huw lets two holidaying 

Engfish girts use his bedroom 
while he is relegated to an old 

12.12 Who creates the forces on a 
television screen? 1SL45 
Purifying drinking water 135 A 
beginner's multi media French 
course 138 Taking everyday 
products for wanted 230 
Examining a felled tree trunk; 
and making a classical guitar 
from different types of wood 
2.15 Musical noises heard in a 
busy street 

235 Ceefax. 

330 RtoB Las train valses* (1938) 
starring Yvonne Printernps. 
Pierre Fresnay and Henri 
Guisof. Romantic comedy 
frustrating Parisian backstage 
Bfe through three generations. 
Directed by Ludwig Berger. 

530 News summary with subtitles. 

535 Harold Lloyd* Excerpts from 
the comedian's For Heaven's 
Sake, made kt 1926; and BUty 
Blazes, Esq., a 1919 
production, (r) 

630 Star Trek. Captain Kirk finds 
himself without the crew of the 
starship Enterprise but with the 
lovely afien, Oaona, who is 
after his Mood, (ri 

630 River Journeys. Germaine 
Greer boards a wood-bum ing 
paddle-steamer for a 1 ,000 
Idiom etre journey along 
Brazil's Rio Sao Francisco, (r) 

730 Open Space: Ma ngro v e. The 
story of black politics in Britain, 
focusing on one of the oldest 
black communities - Netting 
Hilt - and its Mangrove 
Community Association. 

630 Brass Tacks. David Henshaw 
reports on the cu r rent dri n king 
• boom and asks why authorities 
who areso keen to combat 
heroin addiction are seemingly 
indifferent to the plight of the 
young who are fast becoming 


930 Alas Smith and Jones. More 
comic sketches and deep and 
meaningful conversations 
between Mel and Griff. 


930 40 Minutes: Dancing tithe 
Rate. An observation of those 
people whose life is obsessed 
with ballroom dancing, 
focusing on the Blackpool 
Ballroom Dancing 
Championships, a competition 
that attracts couples from afl 
over the world. (Ceefax) 

10.10 FBm Buff of the Year 

Robin Rav. The 

935 Thames news headlines. 

- 930 For Schools: how a new 

surface is laid cm a busy road 
932 The story of The Bird on a 
Bus 934 A guide to healthy 
~ eating - avow sugar and salt 
10.11 A chddmn’sfihn version 
of Noah and his Ark 1038 
Biology resource material 
10.45 ModelBng and the 
designer l133Part three of 
the drama. The Night 
Swimmers 1130 Keeping 
warm and safe te an adverse 
climate 1137 How We Used to 
Live -illness and 

1230 Thomas the Tank Engine and 
Friends, (r) 12.10 Puddte 
Lane. Puppet show with Nell 
tones and Richard Robinson 
1230 The SuSvans. 

1.00 News at One with John Suchet 
130 Thames news. 

130 SuperiwwL The Liverpool 
Victoria Insure nee Superbowl. 

230 Daytime. KhaKd Aziz chairs a 
studio discussion on the credit 
boom and the cost of debt 
Among those taking part are 
Sir Gordon Bonie, Mike 
Blackburn, chief executive of 
Access, and people who are to 
' debt 

330 Take the High Road. The day 
of the charity reft race dawns 
3b2S Thames news headlines 
330 Sons and Daughters. 

430 Flicks. Christopher Lilfierap 
with the tale of The Amazing 
Bone 4.10 The Trap Doer. 
Animated adventures set in a 
spooky castle. 430 Animals in 
Action. Vicky Uoorish and 
Mike Lintoy examine animals 
with dsguses 435 Chockya 
ChaHenge. The final episode of 
the children's drama seriaL 

5.15 In the Land of the E mp erors. 
Leonard Parkin reports on the 
Queen's visit to the Terracotta 
Solders, discovered in the 
tomb of Emperor Qin Shi 

5.45 News with Alastair Stewart 
630 Thames news 

835 Hotpl Viv Taylor Gee talks to 
Ann Owers, general-secretary 
of the Joint Council for the 

Welfare of immigrants, about 
the new visa regulations. 

630 Crossroads. Daniel meats 
Tracey's family. 

730 Emmerdale Farm. Sarxfie 
comes face to face with an 
unpleasant reality. 

730 Fresh Fields. Hester pedals for 
the PDSA and ends up in need 
of the vet (Oracle) 

830 FBm: A Cry in the WHdemoss 
(1974) starring George 
Kennedy and Joanna Pettet A 
made-for-television drama 
about a man who. after being 
bitten by a skunk, fears he has 
contracted rabies, and chains 
himself to Ns bam in order to 
protect Ns family. But then the 
farm is threatened by a flood. 
Directed by Gordon Hessler. 

930 This Week: Whatf In Front of 
the Children? If the Education 
Secretary has his way. the 
control of sex education is to 
pass from teachers to parents 
on new-styte governing bodies. 
But do permits know enough 
to deal with their children's sex 
education? And do they really 
want the job?. Parents with 
children in an Essex school are 

1030 News atTen with Alastair 
Burnet and Carol Barnes. 

1030 SuperbowL Further coverage 
of the Liverpool Victoria 
Insurance Superbowl. 

1235 Night Thoughts. 

6.15 Good Morning Britain 

presented by Anne Diamond 
and Richard Keys, includes a 
report by Geoff Meade on the 
Queen's visit to the Terracotta 
Soldiers of Xian. News with 
Gordon Honeycombs at 630L 
7.00, 730, 630, 630 and 930; 
financial news at 835; sport at 
6.40 and 730; exercises at 
635 and 9.17; cartoon at 7.2S; 
pop music at 735; and Jeni 
Barnett's postbag at 835. The 
After Nine guests include Joe 
Brown, and Claire Raynor. 


230 Channel 4 Racing from 
Newmarket Brough Scott 
introduces coverage of the 
EBF Chesterton Maiden 
Stakes (2.35): the AR Dennis 
Nursery Handicap Stakes 


vv'.'i : 

. the Embfa Handicap Stakes 

430 Countdown. Yesterday's ' 
winner is challenged by Louise 
Stevenson from Word. 

530 FHm: Those Marvellous 
BencWey Shorts" A 
compilation of excerpts from 
some of the 49 (Urns made by 
the American humourist, 
Robert Benchley. 

630 Union World presented by 
Trevor HyetL A new nine-week 
senes begins with a 
programme on the New Jarrow 

7.00 Channel 4 news with Peter 
Sissons and Nicholas Owen. 

730 Comment from Michael 
Mehan, of the Eritrean 
Information Service. Weather. 

630 Equinox: Shock Trauma. The 
first of two programmes 
examining a matter of deep 
public concern - the mounting 
death tofl on roads and 
motorways. This film, made by 
the National Film Board of 
Canada, was shot at the 
Baltimore Shock Trauma 
Center, where victims ot 
serious vehicle accidents are 

9.00 Oh Madeline. American 
domestic comedy series 
starring Madeline Kahn and 

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The Irish dream 

begins to fade 

into harsh reality 

d __ nn.^. W 

From Oive White 

Republic of Ireland 


The Irish dream was already 
beginning to fade into harsh 
reality yesterday. Optimism 
that this time it would be 
different, that this time they 
would fulfil their much quoted 
potential by reaching their 
first mayor finals again looked 

Of course, the story of 
Croup Seven of the European 
Championship has only just 
begun but — no matter what 
its twists and turns — the 
theme of it, as far as the Irish 
are concerned, looked pain- 
fully familiar at Lansdowne 

Notthattfae Republic's play 
warranted anything better 
than a draw. They deserved to 
win and might have done so 
but for a few infuriating 
moments when things in- 
explicably went against them. 

Hansen, recalled to start his 
first game for Scotland in 
three years, made the earlier 
decisions of Messrs Stein and 
Feiguson to overlook his enor- 
mous talent seem faintly 
ridiculous. Not many will be 
surprised by that and Andy 
Roxburgh, the new manager, 
deserves credit for rectifying 
the error. 

The Irish shortcomings 
were made more disappoint- 
ing by the presence in midfield 
of individuals like Brady and 
Sheedy who deserve a finer 
use of their creative ability. In 
foe absence of Sonness and 
Dalglish for Scotland (among 
others), Brady, who was equal- 
ling the Republic’s , record 
number of appearances of 59 
by Johnny Giles, was the only 
player for the eager 48,000 
crowd to drool over. 

.The passionate home sup- 
port in this the first compet- 
itive fixture between the two 
countries in 25 years did its 
utmost to lend Brady a hand, 
willing the team forward more 
determinedly with every 
frustrating failure in front of 
the Scottish goaL 
No doubt they felt cheated 
when a volley from Sheedy, 
back in favour with the 

Republic^ manager. Jack 
Chariton, beat the defiant 
Scotland goalkeeper. Leigh- 
ton, only to be beaded off the 
goailine by Hansen. But such 
positional play by the Scottish 
centre back has as much to do 
with good anticipation as good 

If Scotland's aim was to 
contain the opposition then 
they achieved their object. It 
certainly looked their inten- 
tion judging by the appearance 
ofa four-man midfield beefed 
up by the presence of Stewart, 
their right back in an ad- 
vanced position. An away 
point just about keeps Scot- 

land on course for qualifica- 
tion for the finals in West 
Germany in 1988. Their own 
disappointing home draw 
against the Bulgarians last 
month was made less damag- 
ing by the home draw of 
Belgium, their chief rivals, 
against the Irish. 

Roxburgh was reasonably 
satisfied with the outcome. He 
said: “It was the kind of result 
that countries like Italy and 
West Germany get and then 
go on to the finals. But I am 
disappointed we did not take 
more from it The pitch was 
not right and we were guilty of 
not getting the ball away 
quickly enough at times. I did 
not think that it was a game in 
which 1 could bong on 
Dalglish to go chasing.” 

If the untried 'Scottish 
defensive partnership of Han- 
sen and Gough looked poten- 

tially a powerful one after a fully put the Oxford forward 
few early moments of weak- through only for Hansen to 

ness, the forward one of arrange a ‘fortutious’ collision 
Johnston and Sharp was less and the chance was gone. And 

potent. Their inability to con- so it continued with the Scots 
jure a goal brings Scotland’s proving just too woixfiy and 
sorry record to just two in wise for the game Irish. 

seven games. Johnston wrig- republic of hoard: p 
gled into a few interesting £ 
positions, but Sharp, who tv 
unsettled Moran and 
McGrath so obviously a few 
weeks ago in an English 

League match, never seemed scoium j uip«n (amrmiv; » 


to net close enough to the Irish on — t imm hu imikq, d hum 
*oT<? inflictany serious BMUfiSinE! 

aerial damage- njvvpoaQ. a smckaa '(Manchester 

United). G Sfnip (Brencn), M J Bi iltl a n 

Moran competed well if jgjg " **“ - ltocUod 

convincingly — iutam:EHafl 0 (Normy). 


Hamilton calls it a day 

Northern Ireland's 28-year- 
old striker, Billy Hamilton 
(Oxford United) has derided 
to retire from football because 
ofa recurring right knee injury 
on which he has had three 

“I have fought hard against 
the injury but it has beaten 
me.” Hamilton said yesterday. 
**I played a couple of first team 
matches recently but the pain 
was severe. I have been told 
that if I continue there could 
be permanent damage so Tm 
afraid I have recall it a day.” 

He has no immediate {dans 
but would like if possible to 
remain in the game. Hamil- 
ton. who was transferred from 
the Irish League dub. Linfield. 

to Queen's Park Rangers, had Philliskirk joined Rotherham 
a spell with Burnley before on a one-month loan to try to 

joining Oxford United. He help the struggling thud di- 
made 42 appearances, the first vision side. 

in 1978 and the last in the 
World Cup match with Brazil 
at Guadalajara, Mexico, in 
June. He sewed four goals in 
his international career. 

• Norwich yesterday com- 

• Hull City’s reserve defend- 
er, Lawrie Pearson, has been 
put on the transfer list The 
21-year-old left back has 
played only one first team 
game this season. Hull hope to 

pleted the £100,000 signing of sell him re raise money for 
the Scottish under-21 inter- their proposed purchase of the 

national goalkeeper. Bryan 
Gunn, from Aberdeen - and 
then pitched him straight into 

Liverpool defender, Gary 
AbletL After five successful 
games on loan, Ablett has now 

the reserves for yesterday's' returned to Anfield. 

match at Crystal Palace. 

• Sheffield United's striker, 
Tony PhiUiskiik (21), moved 
down the road yesterday to get 
a taste of first team football. 

• Oxford United’s 26-year- 
old utility player, Mark Jones, 
has been transferred to Swin- 
don for £25.000. He recently 
completed a month's loan 




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Mansfield Town, among the 
third division leaders, have 
appealed re local businesses re 
help keep the dub alive. The 
dub's chairman, John Pratt, 
has sent a letter pleading for 
support to every firm with a 
Mansfield telephone number. 

“We need help to keep the 
dub alive and to build a team 
and improve the ground in 
anticipation of promotion 
into higher divisions,” he said. 
“To do this we need finance. 
Manager lan Greaves and my 
fellow directors are doing all 
we can.” 

Pratt also launched a scath- 
ing attack on the club’s absent 

Yesterday’s results 

E uropean C han plon tii lp 
Group Seven 

I HEP HE (0) 0 SCOTLAND (0) 0 

I 48.000 


Lawrenson's verve was sorely 
missed — until he left: the field 
in the 71st minute with blood 
again streaming down his free, 
this time from his nose rather 
than- the head wound which at 
one time jeopardised bis 
appearance here. 

McCarthy enjoyed the rig- 
our of the battle and was the 
outstanding Irish defender 
alongside ms goalkeeper, Bon- 
ner, who put his knowledge of 
the opposition — he plays for 
Celtic — into good effect; there 
were, in fret, four players from 
Celtic in ihe Scottish tine-up* 

He repeatedly foiled the 
smartest intentions of the 
Scottish midfield, but for all 
the tidy McStay's almost fruit- 
less distribution they never 
looked realty in tune with the 
Scottish attack. The notorious 
Lansdowne Road pitch, of 
course, is not conducive to 
good football in the best of 
weather and in yesterday's 
brilliant sunshine its uneven 
surface provided not a few 
pitfalls for the players, judging 
by the number who stubbed 
their toes into it 

The surface naturally 
caused fewer anxieties for tire 
Republic who began to look as 
if they could convert their 
early superiority into some- 
thing more tangible from the 
29th minute when Gough mid 
Strachan stood off the darting 
Aldridge for fear of conceding 
something unpleasant Leigh- 
ton. howver, made a comfort- 
able save. 

Minutes later, Sheedy skHl- 





Sehastian Coe — no lady — and Tessa Sanderson, the British athletes, in L a us anne to 
support the bid by Birmingham to hold the 1992 Olympic Games. Below, young West Ger- 
mans protest a gains t the bid by Berchtesgarden to hold the Winter Olympics. 

afldins. 1 

Ij g g flj S 4p&HIE 

I - NEIHI , 2 f ^ 





■■■ NOlJ 

NOK ; j 


First-round win brings up a 
grand total for Navratilova 

Fhun a Correspondent, Stuttgart 

Martina Navratilova last 
night claimed the 1,000th 
victory of her career when she 
defeated Natalie Tauziat, of 
France, 6-3, 6-2 in ihe first 
round of the Porsche tennis 
grand prix in Stuttgart. 

The world number one took 
just 51 minutes to record her 
historic win against her coura- 
geous opponent. 

Miss Navratilova, who ' 
played her first professional 
tournament in 1973 at tire 
British Petroleum classic in 
Torquay, has now won 72 of 
her 75 matches this year. Her 
only losses were to Kathy 
Jordan in San Francisco, Steffi 
Graf in Berlin and Chris Evert 
Lloyd in Paris. 

The rep seed in Stuttgart, 
she is aiming to win her 1 1th 
final of the year on Sunday 
just one day after her 30th 

“People still ask me if I fed I 
am going to retire in a year or 
two,” Miss Navratilova said. 
“I don't know how I shall be 
mentally, but physically I fed 
I could play on until Fm 40. 
There are still a lot of records 
to be broken and that gives me 
the incentive to keep playing.” 

Miss Navratilova will now 
play Annabd Croft, who sur- 
prised everyone with her hard- 
fought victory over Jo Dune 
on Tuesday. 

With no friends or coach to 
witness her success all 20- 

year-old Annabd could do 
was raise her arms in silent 
prayer, and it was not until she 
rang her mother later that she 
could receive the congratula- 
tions she deserved. 

“My mother was over the 
moon. She was so happy for 
me,” Miss Croft said. “She’s 
been very in recently, and I 
hope this gives her a lift.” 

She is unconcerned at the 
aura surrounding 

Navratilova.' She does not 
claim she will win or even give , 
Martina a dose match. 

“All I am saying is that I'll 
go out there with the same 
attitude that I did against Jo, 
believing that I have nothing 
to lose.” she said. 

Borg’s faith in McEnroe 

Bjorn Bug, in Laasanne on 
a flying visit from New York to 
support Sweden’s bid for the 
1992 Winter Olympics, said 
yesterday that he expects his 
old adversary John McEnroe 
to be dalleiighig once again 
for the world No. 1 spot.- 

Borg said he weald play 
McEnroe in an exhibition 
series in Mexico at the end of 
the month. 

McEnroe dropped down the 
rankings after taking a seven- 
month break from tennis ear- 
lier this year because he was 
disenchanted with his form. 
Bat Borg, fire-times Wimble- 
don champion, said: “He bad a 
long rest from tennis, but is 
back in the groove again. He 
has won three straight tour- 
naments and I'm not really 
surprised. If yon want to 
sacrifice and work hanLyoa 
can do it Maybe next year be 
will establish himself as the 
number one player again.” 
Borg forecast, however, that 

Boris Becker, West 
Germany's Wimbledon cham- 
pion, would be the next world 
number one. 

Sporting a shorter hair-style 
than in his playing days, die 
Swede admitted be had no 
“itch” to return to tournament 
tennis himself. “I just wanted 
to do other tilings in fife. I qnit 
tennis when 1 was 26 years old 
and that was the best decision 
I ever made,” he said. 

Borg qnit after winning 
Wimbledon a record fire 
timat. “There might be an- 
other guy who maybe wins four 
-I hope not five,” he said with 
a laugh- “I did a lot of good for 
tennis and tennis did a lot of 
good for me. But now Pm 
involved with other business 
things and I’ve time for other 
sports and staying in one place 
with my family. Right now I 
don't have any schedule, no 
demands and no pressure. 
Now I do the things I want to 
do. It came to the point where 

‘Fora lypkal loon of SUDOaner II 
yean, die mKhJy tamest payncof wnU 
be tq.W and fee la a atewm p lan 
pcemtan £3165.aHUfl«a tael mwWjr 
payment o(tS7J0 The tool lean wfeh 
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yoo were like a machine.” 

Borg said be would be 
involved if Fahna won the 1992 
Winter Olympics in Friday's 
vote. “I hope to be alive in 
'92," he joked.“The Olympics 
is the biggest sports event in 
the world. It's much bigger 
than Wimbledon.” 

He returned to Sweden last 
February after firing in the 
Mediterranean tax haven of 
Monte Carlo since November 
1974. He said be mm travelled 
all over the world working for 
the Swedish Tourist Board. “I 
never look back. It's very 
rarely that I think about 
Semis, watch a match on 
television or go to a temtis 

“ I don’t feel any interest. 
I've been in tennis arenas and 
tournaments my whole life. 
Why should I go to WimisSe- 
don or the US Open to watch 
tennis for two weeks? Other- 
wise, why should I retire?” be 


First published in 1785 



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13 ha • . .... 

Crystal Palace football dub 
have called for MilhvaU fans 
to be prosecuted following 
crowd trouble at Selhurst Park 
on October 4. With supporters 
running on to the pitch, the 
referee was forced to take both 
teams back to the dressing 
rooms while the match was 
held up for four minutes. 

Palace have daimed. how- 
ever. that their own support- 
ers ran on to ibe pitch for 
safety after being threatened 
by MiUwall supporters who 
had infiltrated their enclosure. 
A statement from the dub said 
the police had used closed 
circuit television in the 
ground and hoped it would be 
used "to identify the trouble- 
makers so that they may be 

Calling time 

Whitehurst: Undecided 

Waiting game 

Billy Whitehurst. Newcastle 
United's transfer-listed for- 
ward. was unable to agree 
terms with Oxford United, 
who have agreed £175.000 fee 
for the player, and will have 
further talks with the dub 
todav. : 

Andrew Waterhouse, the 
Birmingham City secretary, 
has resigned after three and a 
half years in the job. A former 
secretary of Port Vale for five 
seasons, he is considering 
other options. 

Going places 

Yvonne Baldeo. who scored 
four goals in five matches 
while on tour with Millwall in 
Italy earlier this year, yes- 
terday joined AC Milan’s 
women's football dub. 

Top twenty 

Frank Myier, manager of 
Oldham rugby league club, 
yesterday named a 20-man 
squad for Sunday's Lancashire 
Cup final against Wigan. He 
said: **Wc know we are going 
in as under-dogs but it doesn’t 

worry us. Some have written 
us on as no-hopers. but the 

. ci/L* if Kill, *• 

Birmingham is 
still being 
taken seriously 


>11 ii 


from D»»W Miller, Chief Sports Conesprodart. Likud* 

A steep pile of problematic 
factors must swing 
Birmin gham 's way for it to be 
MaEt cky for the 1992 
Olympic Gaines by the Inter- 
national Olympic Committee 
here tomorrow morning. It is 
not impossible that by twists 
of opinion and shifting alle- 
gjaoce among a possible 86 in 
attendance that Barcelona, the 
acknowledged favourite, could 
he overtaken on a third or 
fourth rote by Brisbane. 
Amsterdam or Birm in g h am: 
but it is unlikely. 

Even if Binninghau foils, 
however, the £13 million 
which the council has spent on 
promoting its campaign — 
including the additional sports 
facilities to which it is commit- 
ted, win or lose — has gen- 
erated unprecedented 
international publicity for the 
city which more than justifies 
the effort. The same money- 
spent on television advertising 
could not have achieved a fifth 
of the exposure. 

Motor launch on 
Lake Geneva 

Manchester, defeated in the 
British Olympic Association's 
selection of its candidate, is 
unashamedly envious of 
Birmingham's newly-found 
prominence and has sent ob- 
servers to analyse the final 
stages of the campaign here. 

Birmingham's morale was 
substantially raised on Tues- 
day night when more than SO 
IOC members attended the 
city's reception on a motor 
launch moored on the Lake 
Geneva shore. Several senior 
members stayed for some 
while, and although the accep- 
tance ofa relaxed and friendly 
drink at the condos km of 
another day of lobbying pres- 
sures from all quarters is no 
guarantee of votes, the evening 
increased the confidence that 
Birmingham is being taken 

For all its, at times, naive 
public relations, Bfcminghp© 
has done a co mmen da bl e job 
in re-establishing Britain’s 

reparation among the forefront 
of administrative international 
sporting competence. It is a 
pity that British governments, 
of whatever hne, still grossly 
underestimate the value, rela- 
tively inexpensively acquired, 
of a high sporting profile. 

There were a few smiles at 
the reception, at times like a 
Ben Travere’ comedy farce. Ah 
extrovert athlete, popular for 
spontaneous warmth, cheer- 
fully said “Cheerio, King” 
under the mistaken impres- 
sion that the title of the former 
Hellenic monarch, an honor- 
ary IOC member, was his 
Christian name. Isn't there, 
after all, a Duke Ellington? It 
was cynically remarked that 
the IOC knew they would be 
able to relax with Birmingham 
because they wouldn't be 

What are Birmingham’s 
chances in tomorrow's voting 
by the members: 28 Western 
Effiropeaa (excluding the pres- 
ident), nine Eastern European, 
six Commonwealth, 15 Latia- 
American, 12 African, 16 
Asian and one American? 
There are, of course, several 
members with double alle- 
giance, such as Western 
Europe ami Commonwealth, 

or Afro- Asian with cmmnuuist 
Eastern Europe. 

1 do not believe there wffl be 
rigid bloc voting, tufomatito 
yesterday suggested that East- 
ern Europe will rote with Sofia 
and Belgrade oa the respective 
first rounds, but wffl sot be 
under the party whip there- 
after. Jota Havdaun is said 
to have guaranteed the Laibt- 
Amerkan vote Cor Ban-done, 
but there are reasons for 
believing that Ivan Dfins, of 
Peru, and German 
Rieckehoot of Puerto Rico, 
may support Birmingham. 
There will be many such 
exceptions to predict*! befe. 
WiU Alexander Sipetcn. of 
ideologically rebellions Roma- 
nia, remain in line? 

A last-atinote impo n der able 
is the bombing in B ar celo na . 
Was it by Basques, who fare 
no quarrel with Catatonia? It 
is possible that me mb er s wSl 
be strengthened in support of 
Barcelona in then wish to 
demonstrate that sport, as at 
Munich, wffl not be deflected 
by terrorism. 

There could be physical 
trouble today between the 
1.000 protesters arriving by 
train from Amsterdam and a 
counter-protest, supporting 
the Dutch bid, by a 20-stroag 
fleet of slogan-covered bases 
hirtid by Amsterdam's indus- 
trial sponsors. 

Barcelona could 
have difficulty 

Ban for dozen caught 
taking steroid drugs 

Lausanne (Reuter) — A total 
of 19 competitors had positive 
drug tests at the recent Asian 
Games in Seoul, Manfred 
Donike, a member of the 
medical commission of the 
International Olympic Com- 
mittee who was in charge of 
the anti-drug control unit, said 
yesterday. A dozen of the 
competitors with positive 
tests had used bulk-buikling 
anabolic steroids. 

Six others showed traces of 
the stimulant ephedrine while 
a Thai competitor was found 
to have taken a beta-blocker 
drug for a heart condition. 
These drugs are sometimes 
used to reduce the heart rate 
during shooting competition. 

Donjke said that only the 

competitors were not released, 
but Donike said they com- 
prised five from Iran, tour 
from India and one each from 
Iraq, Thailand and Saudi Ara- 
bia. The group included seven 
weigh differs, two wrestlers, 
two track and field athletes 
and a medal-winning boxer. 

Among those found to have 
taken ephedrine. three cases 
resulted front cold cures, two 
of which had been admin- 

istered by the Games official 
doctor. The Thai marksman 
who had used a beta-blockcr 
had a letter from his doctor 
stating that he needed the thug 
because of a heart condition. 

A total of 598 analyses were 
conducted daring the Games. 

ana£i!p dSlirt? 31 on,y ^ Eluding the dope testing of 
S K?™ 0 ?*S5 Sasers ^ uld 13 hor «* Donike said. He 

oe oarmen trextw it i « aa . j • .■ f*. i 

be banned from competition, 
since there were extenuating 
circumstances concerning the 
other positive tests. 

The names of individual 

added that he was satisfied 
with the standard of anti-drug 
controls at the Games and did 
not anticipate problems dur- 
ing the 1988 Seoul Olympics. 

Barcelona ‘tricks’ Haim 

Lausanne (Reuter) — Barce- 
lona officials said yesterday 
they were being subjected to a 
“dirty tricks" campaign aimed 
at implying that their bid for 

the 1992 Olympics has the 
backing of the Olymoics lead- 

backing of the Olympics lead- 
er, Juan Antonio Samaranch. 

Samaranch, the Barcdona- 
bom president of the Inter- 
national Olympic Committee 
(IOC), has been careful to 
dissociate himself from the 
city's efforts to obtain the 

But Barcelona officials 
discovered yesterday that 

a town with an Olympic 
vocation" and bearing 
Samaranch's byline, signature 
and photograph, baa been 
placed with genuine docu- 
ments on the city's Olympic 
information table. 

*‘Wc found it on the tabic. 
We don't know who put it 
there but it's a forgery and we 
intend to ‘ advise The IOC." 
Jordi . Carbonnell a senior 
member of the Barcelona 
committee said, 

The IOC is. iq select the . 
1992 Summer Garpes-viHiue 
on Friday from ttnoos sis 




There can be no doubt, I think, 
that were all the supporters of 
Amsterdam. Brisban e a n d Bfr- 
nungham to be united behind 
cme candidate - which canid 
happen by the third «r fourth 
secret-ballot rote — then Bar-' 
cefona could be overtakes 
after leading on the first rote 
with about 28, some 15 short 
ofa majority. - 

Binnanghra could bedfon- 
nated on the first coast, yet 
will gather support if it sur- 
vives. B arce lona corid hare 
difficulty increasing its early' 
lead yet with the argitoreot 
that after three prev fa s bids, 
Spain has yet to stage aa 
Olympics, its case remains 
morally the strongest 

Sofia and Fakm of Sweden 
are thoaght to be running 
Albert vilte dose for the Whi- 
ter Games. The choke of 
Albertville — which the roem- 
bers will almost certainly 
know anoflOdaBy before the 
summer voting — would lead to 
a disintegration of tire Paris 
rote. If that happens, the 
sitnatioa — as Artor Taknc, of 
Yugoslavia, the IOC’s adviser 
on Olympic technical prepara- 
tion, has forecast — is wide 

A relatively anpnblkxzed 
aspect of Binmngham's bid - 
the security' of its village 
within walking distance of a 
majority of the sports sH 
within an enclosed island site 
surrounded by motorways ~ 
wfll undoubtedly appeal to 
many countries, in particular 
the Eastern Europeans. Brit- 
ain is remembered in Moscow 
for supporting the 1980 Olym- 
pic Games, and if members 
stay dose to objective consid- 
erations then Birmingham's 
security in conjunction with its 
concentration on facilities for 
competitors could work In its 
favour as other candidates fall 
by the way. 

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