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No 62.593 

Five US staff 
are expelled 
by Russians 


From Christopher W alker , Moscow 

int A rf^n 8i ." 85CTies . < ? flit_for ' of medium-range missiles is fo 
thrt*aipnJ5 a i tlC ex - |5 L^ ,< i? s was only a propaganda manoeuvre si 
i r ^ n,ghl after directed at concealing, 
r]i,’ “, ni °n unceremo- camouflaging their own mill- fa, 
rnously ordered the removal taristic pfin£” is 

zi,, . Ame . ncan diplomats Although nothing was said & 
fm^2J- / V r l encaneovenimei,t io tie statement from the oi 
E2™* 1 *. an ? ouncc d its Soviet Foreign Ministry, hi 
°. f ^king unspeci- which ordered the expulsions S< 
ri2?I ,all0n - yesterday morning, the move at 

l om i ng exacty a week after was seen as direct retaliation wi 
the breakdown of the Reyk- 
javik summit over the conten- 
tious issue of “Star Wars", the 
new diplomatic row is threat- 
ening to sour further the mood 

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The US Secretary of Stale, Mr 
George Shultz, said yesterday 
that the United States would 

7 e‘«wuiiujiiicrmcmooa nxnliatfk 

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relations between ifem w a Si ^Washington). 

more harmonious pilch. 

The mutual suspicion was 
reinforced later last night 
when Tass, the official Soviet 
news agency, issued a bitter, 
four-page denunciation of the 
public attitude towards the 
Reykjavik meeting adopted by 
Mr Caspar Weinberger, the 
US Secretary of Defence and 
the Assistant Secretary, Mr 
Richard Perle. 

Under the headline ‘"Sordid 
manoeuvres", the article by a 

. i •• uUQQg. W*™*- 1 UlC ItCrfUIUIC OUIUIU 

:V -' Sl * * manoeuvres", the article by a 

'"■>li-v*fi f j t ~T » leading news analyst, Mr Yuri 
" :•■■>' t^i rij. 4 Kornilov, accused both men 

of trying to mislead the world 
about what had taken place in 
Iceland and concluded; “The 
Pentagon hawks' false ‘prep- 
aredness' to settle the question 


sad km 

He said he would be consulting 
President Reagan. 

by Moscow for an earlier US 
decision to expel 25 members 
of the large Soviet mission to 
the United Nations in New 
York, the final deadline for 
which fell yesterday. 

Those expulsions were, in 
their turn, a spin-off from the 
arrest by the KGB on August 
30 of Mr Nicholas Daniloff 
the veteran US journalist, 
which seriously disrupted 
relations between the Kremlin 
and' the White House and led 
to The release of Mr Gennady 
Zakharov, a Soviet UN em- 
ployee charged with spying. 

Senior members of the US 
Embassy here appeared taken 
by surprise by yesterday's 
Soviet declaration that five 
diplomats' were persona non 
grata and the accusation that 
all had conducted “activities 
incompatible with their dip- 


Fleet Street 

In the first extract 
from her book The 
End of the Street ; 
Linda Melvem tells 
how Rupert 
Murdoch, opposed 
at every turn by 
the unions, called 
his executives to 
New York and 
outlined the plans 
for his evening 
paper — the 
London Post 

Thatcher has key 
role in arms talks 

By Michael Evans, Whitehall Corespondent. , . 

The Prime Minister is ex- President Reagan's resolve to 
peeled to play an important stay with Stir Wars, 
part in maintaining the mo- Mrs Thatcher will also meet 
mentum of arms control nego- president Mitterrand of 
tiations between the United Fiance and Chancellor Kohl 
States and the Soviet Union of West Germany before she 
following the breakdown of goes to Moscow. 

the Reykjavik summit 

It now seems certain that 
Mrs Thatcher's visit to Mos- 
cow next year will take place 
before any new summit be- 
tween President Reagan and 
the Soviet leader Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov in Washington. 

Although the Russians have 
not fixed a date for her visit to 
Moscow, it will almost defi- 
nitely be in April and dip- 
lomatic sources are convinced 
that there is no likelihood of a 
follow-up summit in Wash- 
ington before then. So Mrs 
Thatcher’s visit has taken on a 
new dimension. 

A series of key meetings are 
being planned for Mrs 
Thatcher before she goes to 
the Soviet Union. The first 
will be a session with Presi- 

She is concerned that there 
should be continuity in the 
way the western alliance ap- 

Nalo defence ministers will 
meet tomorrow at Gleireagles 
to discuss die affiance's 
nuclear strategy in the wake of 
the Reagau-Gorbachov talks 
in Reykjavik- Mr Caspar 
Weinberger, US Defence Sec- 
retary, wQI brief them. 

proaches arms control issues 
and she sees herself adopting a 
high profile role. 

Despite the collapse of the 
Reykjavik summit, Mrs 
Thatcher has not changed her 
persona] view about Star 
Wars. She accepts that re- 
search cannot be halted. 

• The weekly £8,000 
prize in The Times Port- 
folio Gold 
competition was 
shared by Mr Allan 
Hall of London W2, Mr N 
K Sommers of West 
Byfleet, Surrey and Mr R 
J Stillwell of Orping- 
ton, Kent 

• Saturday’s daily 
prize of £4,000 was 
shared by Miss P 
Hackett of Sherborne, 
Dorset and Miss Ju- 
dith Speight of Leeds. 

• There is another 
£4,000 to be won today. 
Portfolio list page 30; 
rules and how to play, 
page 24» 


Dixons buy 

Dixons, the electrical retailer, 
is buying the chain or 344 
SupaSnapS photoprocessng 
shops together with three film 
laboratories for £4 million 
from 3M, the American group 
Page 25 i 


wui oe a session wno rresi- gm she intends to stick; 
dent Reagan in Washington rigidly to the key guidelines on 
nrati month. Star Wars which were pro- 

This mewing was planned by her and accepted by 
before the Reykjavik summit president Reagan at a meeting 
was even suggested by Mr ^ ^ December 

Gorbachov and there were 

reports last week that Mis 
Thatcher would now put off 

The four points of agree- 

her trip to the US because it 

might seem as if she was going ^ 

to Washington to persuade the US did not seek 

President Reagan to drop his Ity L,^ ( ! h ^ Ce l J?® 

commitment to the Star Wars approached the possible 

project for the sake of a major 

arms control agreement 

subject to negotiation with the 
Soviet Union; that the object 



Toryblueprint for the future of broadcasting 

Cabinet pushes 
radical TV and 
radio shake-up 

By Robin Oakley, Political Editor 

lomatic status" — diplomatic 
shorthand for espionage. 

Earlier, there had been 
hopes on the US side that the 
issue of the expulsions of the 
Soviet UN personnel — also 
on suspicion of espionage — 
had blown over. A senior 
Soviet official hinted as much 
at a press conference last 
week, but last night American 
sources said that the new 
expulsions had escalated the 
aflkir, as their positions were 
not compatible with the mem- 
bers of the UN mission. 

Tasssaid that a firm protest 
had been lodged with the US 
Embassy over the activities of 
the five, one First Secretary, 
Mr William Norvill, Mr 
Charles Ehrenfried. Mr Gary 
Lonnqist, and Mr David Har- 
ris, all from the US Embassy 
in Moscow and Mr Jack 
Roberts from the American 
Consulate in Leningrad. 

“The attention of the US 
Embassy was again drawn to 
facts of the continuing use of 
American diplomatic mis- 
sions in the USSR for illegal 
activities against the Soviet 
Union and the demand was 
made that appropriate mea- 
sures be taken for stopping 
them," the Soviet commu- 
nique concluded. 

Although the Kremlin 
threatened retaliation for the 
removal of Russian UN staff 
deadlines for the expulsions 
were extended and both 
Soviet and American officials 
dropped strong faints to 

Continued os page 24, col 6 

Russia faces huge 
winter power cuts 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 
The Chernobyl nuclear supplement printed by the 

Mr Hamilton, laws nit MP, at borne yesterday with wife Christine (Photograph: Leslie Lee) 

State visit 
to China 
a success 

From Alan Hamilton 
Hong Kong 

The Royal Yacht Britannia 
pottered at a Sampan's pace 
down the Pearl River on its 
leisurely way to Hong Kong 
yesterday at the end of the 
Queen’s state visit to China 
which has been described as 
“fantastic” and one of the 
raosL successful of recent 

Her visit ended with a 
colourful display of Chinese 
dancing on the qumiside at a 
container port near Canton on 
Saturday night as Britannia 
prepared to leave. 

Unfortunately the Queen 
missed half of it due to a mix- 
up over timings, while she was 
inside the yacht investing the 
diplomatic staff-fronrthe Pe- 
king Embassy, who had ar- 
ranged the tour, with descend- 
ing classes of the Royal 
Victorian Order, a decoration 
in her own gift. 

Both sides are playing down 
the Duke of Edinburgh's gaff 
while speaking to students at 

Nevertheless British dip- 
lomatic sources in China re- 
main deeply embarrassed by 
the incident and fear a retali- 
ation at some future date. The 
feeling is being voiced pri- 
vately that the Royal couple 
should have been better 
briefed on the intricacies of 
China, especially its high re- 
gard for propriety and polite- 

During the Queen's formal 
meeting with Mr Hu Yaobang, 
the General Secretary of the 
Chinese Communist Party, it 
did not go unnoticed that 
while the Queen was exchang- 
ing pleasantries with the Chi- 
nese leader through an 

Continued on page 24, col 8 

disaster and a less widely government paper, Izvestio. 
reported summer drought Mr Dimitry Protsenko, chief 
have plunged the Soviet of the energy department of 
Union into one of its most the large Ministry of Power 
severe energy crises in recent and Electrification, appealed 
memory with sweeping enter- for energy savings, 
gency measures to cut electric- He explained that many 
ny consumption now in factories would work stag- 
operation in all its IS gered shifts, others at week- 
republics. ends only and many workers 

In Moscow and all other would be given time offduring 
major cities laige areas have the week 
been deprived of street light- He confirmed the predic- 
ing for the winter, ill umi nated lions of energy specialists in a 
signs extolling the benefits of number of Western embassies 
communism have been that the Chernobyl disaster 
dimm ed on government or- would set-off a nationwide 
ders and factories put on energy crisis. Explaining the 
special shifts. reasons for the six-million 

Although senior Kremlin kilowatts shortfall Mr Prot- i 
officials claim that the tern- senko said Chernobyl notice- 
porary generating shortfall of ably affected the country’s \ 
six nulfion- kiiowats^wfll .not . energy balance and because of 
affect - output, some Western ittfie commissioning of three 
experts here believe that the new nuclear power stations at 
crisis may badly affect Mr Zaporohye and Rovno, also in 

Mikhail Gorbachov’s at- 
tempts to lift the troubled 
economy from the doldrums. 

Darkened streets and spe- 
cial broadcasts calling for cuts 
in domestic electricity 
consumption — which ac- 
counts for some 20 percent of 
the national total — have been 
going on for some weeks 
andforcasters predict a 
particularily severe Russian 
winter, with two unseasonable 
September blizzards already 
experienced in Moscow. 

In a gloom-laden interview 
with Nedetyo, the weekly 

Government to combat 
student intolerance’ 

By Mark Dowd, Education Reporter 1 

The Government is deter- a special clause in the Educa- ! 

However, sources said yes- of the research was to enhance 
terday that Mrs Thatcher not undermine deterrents and 
would be going to Washington that the US should conti nue to 
next month though without search for balanced and v er m- 
any intention of weakening able arms control agreements. 

Branson to sell shares 

v t ■ 

mined to combat “the canker 
of intolerance” which was 
spreading in certain univer- 
sities, Mr George Walden, 
Under Secretary of State for 
Education and Science, said 

“We are going squarely for 
the so-called no-platform pol- 
icy which allows student 

tion Bill designed to safeguard 
free speech on campuses. 

The minister rejected the 
idea of special campus police 
forces to secure law and order, 
but warned that the presence 
of extra police could well be 
the price to be paid to ensure 
freedom of speech. 

Earlier, Sir John Kingman, 


labels. of sexist or. racist on defended security 

IhcBe people whose views they 

happen to dislike, he said. when Mr Enoch Pow- 

Mr Walden, who has special eU, Ulster Unionist MP for 
responsibility for tertiary South Down, was forced from 
education, was speaking on foe student union building by 
BBC Radio's World at One. a group of anarchists. 

Parliament will shortly debate 

Rnskin dispute. Page 7 

Sir Geoffrey Howe: no ques- 
tion of an apology. 

Big Bang rehearsal brings explosion 

By IV^AwdClark and transacting entirely fictitious tion on Saturday highlighted a 

Ktenara I iuhikoii kinnu* ft. . .. . — — i_~. ,i.M«!viininoc in 

Mr Richard Branson is 
bringing the Virgin Group to 
the stock market next month 
valuing it at £250 million. It 
includes foe Vitgiii record 
shops and music business 
which handles stars like Boy 
Georgeand Genesis. 

Virgin's first success was 
with the Mike Oldfield Tu- 
bular Bells album. The Virgin 
Atlantic cut-price airline is 
excluded from the sale, as is 

By Michael Clark and 
Richard Thomson 
Virgin Holidays, the travel The dress rehearsal on Sat- 
ann of the company. urday for next week's Big 

Mr Branson, who left school Bang, which saw rk»atina on 
at the age of 16 to run a (He Slock Exchange at the 
student magazine, wiU own weekend for the first time in 
shares worth £175 million in its 250 years, ran into serious 
the new Virgin public problems. 

company. With just seven days to go, a 

He says that most of the rift has opened between the 
money raised from the sale Stock Exchange and its mem- 
will be used to expand Virgm s bro over in the new 

business in America. 

screen dealing system. 
Page 25 Dealers spent the 

business from a “script" 
worked oul in advance. A total 
of 40,000 trades were con- 
ducted on the equity market 
worth around £500 million, 
while 2,000 trades, worth £4 
billion, were transacted in the 
government securities market 
The Stock Exchange, which 
has spent £80 million rn the 
past two years developing foe 
system, claimed that the op- 
eration had been a success. 
But a post-mortem examina- 

n umber of shortcomings m 
the way dealers transact their 

Mr Patrick Mitford-Slade, a 
member of the Stock Ex- 
change Council said the prob- 
lems could probably be ironed 
out by foe middle of this week. 
He insisted that the they were 
caused by shortcomings in the 
internal computer systems of 
member firms. 

Big Bang anger, page 25 

England lose 

England were beaten 2-1 by 
the favourites Australia in the 
final of foe hockey World Cup 
at Willesden yesterday. 

Page 40 

East bloc dissidents issue Hungary proclamation 

From Roger Boyes 

Home 2JJ&.7 Lexers 
Overseas 8-10,12 Letters 
Arts 15 Obituary 

Birtbs. deaths, Proa Bonds 

gg? 2H» 

Court 22 Sconce 

Crosswords 19,24 Sport 3 
Diary 20 Theatres, 

Features I TV A Rat 

Law Report 22 Walter 

If. Jf. flL * * 

Dissidents , from four East 
;ey World Cup European countries have for 
esterday. the first time overcome mys- 

Ptoge40 teriousty broken telephone 

■ connections, censored mail 

Lenders a and rigorous customs checks 

5S2EL m to issue a joint appeal to mark 
SJJJgJofe 24 foe 30fo‘ anniversary of the 
Briton 22 1956 Hungarian revolution. 

SafcKoem 22 The appeal released in 
SMM0 Eastern Europe at the week- 
TSSrefcOtt M end. was signed by 1 22 leading 
rv A Radio 39 dissidents from Hungary, Po- 
waiber / 24 fend. East Germany and 
1 Czechoslovakia. 

Drawing parallels between 
foe Hungarian revolution, 
which began on October 23 
1956, foe East German work- 
ers rebellion of 1953, the 
“Prague spring” of 1968 and 

ring oi iv 

foe Polish Solidarity era. of of divided Europe," it said. 
1980-81, the dissidents said Signatories include Mr Las- 
there was a common struggle zks Rajk, son of a Hungarian 

determination to struggle for 
political democracy m our 
country, their independence, 
for pluralism based on the 
principle of self government, 
for the peaceful reunification 

era. of of divided Europe,” it said. 

for political democracy. 

Protests in foe four coun- 
tries had been “oppressed by 
Soviet intervention or by 
domestic military violence", 
said foe appeal which is 
entitled “a joint proclamation 
for Eastern Europe”. 

“We declare our joint 

Minister executed in 1949. A 
prominent signatory from 
Czechoslovakia is Mr Jiri 
Hayek, a former Foreign Min- 
ister. Supporters of the appeal 
from Poland include Mr Jacek 
Kuron. one of the co-foundera 
of foe KOR workers self- 
defence committee. 

Most of the signatories from 
East Germany are active anti- 
nuclear campaigners, includ- 
ing Mr Ralf Hirsch from the 
“Swords into Plough Shares” 

The proclamation will prob- 
ably irritate Moscow, which 
has always feared that dis- 
sidents in the Soviet Bloc 
would combine in a common 

“The traditions and experi- 
ences of the Hungarian revo- 
lution remain our common 
heritage and inspiration.’' said 
foe appeal, which indicated 
that foe signatories supported 

eastern Europe. 

A proclamation involving 
Czechoslovak dissidents is an 
extraordinary logistical feaL 
Most have had their phones 
cut off and those who are still 
connected find it very difficult 
to make international calls. 

mass was held last night to 
commemorate the second an- 

The Government is pushing 
ahead with plans for foe 
reorganization of broad casting 
in advance of foe next general 
election, with the Prime Min- 
ister and Home Secretary 
favouring indexation of foe 
BBC licence fee to keep pace 
with inflation. 

They are pushing on with 
direct broadcasting by satellite 
to break up what Mrs Mar- 
garet Thatcher sees as the cosy 
monopoly of television 
advertising enjoyed by I TV 

A Green Paper on foe future 
of radio due within the next 
few weeks is expected to 
revive the prospects for 
community radio and to lead 
to a new authority taking over 
looser control of local radio 
from the Independent 
Broadcasting Authority. 

Ministers have been stung 
by charges that they were 
allowing broadcasting issues 
to lie fallow until after the next 
election because difficult 
choices were involved and foe 
Peacock Committee bad not 
backed the Prime Minister's 
preferred option of advertis- 
ing on the BBC. 

A Cabinet committee is 
forging ahead with the 
preparations for several de- 
cisions to be made over the 
next three months, with an 
early Commons debate sched- 

Five consortia are compet- 
ing for the 15-year DBS fran- 
chise, which will involve the 
provision of three more tcle- 

and agreeing to an extension 
of the franchise. A decision 
from the IBA is expected by 

The Green fttper mil exam- 
ine the structure, financing 
and regulation of local radio. 
The Government orignally 
backed the idea of community 
radio and planned to issue 
licences allowing ethnic 
minorities and specialist 
groups to broadcast in a six- 
mile radius. 

There was an outcry from 
those who had spent money 
on transmitters and equip- 
ment when Mr Dougins Hurd 
announced in Juno that the 
plan had been scrapped, and 
foal licences for the first 23 
stations, already postponed, 
would not be issued. But foe 
issue is expected to resurface if 
new ways can be found of 
settling who will control and 
administer the stations 

Mimsiers are considering 
the provision of some Gov. 
eminent money to help exist- 
ing groups to start up 
community radio. 

With radio only attracting 
about 2 per cent "of national 
advertising revenue, ministers 
have been alarmed at the poor 
finances of many local in- 
dependent radio stations. The 
Green Paper will also examine 
plans for a national indepen- 
dent radio station and the 
Peacock Committee's call for 
foe selling off of Radio 1 and 
Radio 2. 

On the future financing of 

vision channels of high defi- television, a feasibility study 
ration. It is estimated foal has been commissioned to 
about 70.000 new jobs could study pay-as-you-view tcle- 
be involved and foe Govern- vision, but Mts Thatcher and 
ment has signalled its eager- Mr Hurd see little alternative 
ness to develop foe field by in foe immediate future to 
dropping its insistence on the indexation of foe BBCs li- 
use of British satellites only cence fee. 

MPs get damages 
over ‘Panorama’ 

the Ukraine and Kalluun. in 
foe Moscow region, had been 

Mr Protsenko also blamed 
adverse climatic conditions 
and claimed that the drought 
had badly affected the output 
of the country's hydro-electric 
power stations. 

At present nudear power 
accounts far some 1 1 per cent 
of all the electricity generated 
in the Soviet Union, but under 
the Kremlin's ambitious 
nuclear power programme, 
this is due to increase to 20 per 
cent by 1990. 

By David Sapsted 

The BBC will admit today reirabun 
that a Panorama programme which al 
wrongly branded two Conser- than £25 
vative MPs as having links Mr Ha 

reimbursement for legal fees, 
which already stand at more 
than £250,000. 

Mr Hamilton, whose case is 

with extreme racialist groups currently being heard by foe 
trying to infiltrate foe Tory court, said yesterday: "There 
Party. is absolutely no comment I 

When the first of two libel can make except that the case 
actions brought by MPs Mr will resume on Monday.” 

Neil Hamilton (Tatton) and The Corporation has al 
Mr Gerald Howarth (Cannock ready reached out-of-court 
and Bumtwood) starts its settlements with two other 
second week in the High Court Tory MPs — Mr Roger Moate 
today, barristers will reveal an (Faversham) and Mr Harvey 
out-of-court settlement which Proctor (Biliericay) — who 
will cost the Corporation were alleged, in a Panorama 

more than £300.000. 

programme “Maggie's Mili- 

Under foe terms of an tant Tendency” broadcast in 
agreement hammered out on 1984. to have links with neo- 
Friday, foe MPs will get fascist groups, 
damages of £20,000 each, a Although foe BBC and foe 
full apology from the BBC and Continued on page 24jcol I 



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advantage of unit trust savings power. 

Read how you can do the same. 

Foryourfree copy of ‘A Beginner's Guide to Unit 
Trusts' simply post the coupon. 

You can also Callfree Fidelity- on 0800 4 H 161 
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Please send me my Irtfc copy of ‘A Beginner's Guide to Unit^ Trusts'. 

Solidarity chaplain, by secret 
police officers. 

Leading article, page 21 



Tories may hear 
‘spanking’ tapes 

Conservative councillors at Basildon. Essex, will decide 
this week whether to listen to tapes which accuse Mr Har- 
vey Proctor, MP for BiUericay, of engaging in s panking 
sessions with young men. 

Poor senior members of BOlericay Conservative Associ- 
ation resigned last Friday after Mr Proctor received a vote 
of confidence at a stormy meeting daring which he was 
questioned about the allegations. 

If the Basildon councillors listen to the tapes, they will 
then deride whether to take action against the MP. One of 
the councillors, Mr George Dighton, said last night: “I to- 
tally support the four people who resigned. We believe that 
Mr Proctor is not doing enough to dear his name.** 

Mr Proctor, a bachelor, has described the allegatio ns as 
a “tissue of lies“ hot has said that he will not sae over the 
accusations because of the costs involved and because it 
would involve people having to give testimony and 
would embarrass them. 

Checks at 

Secmity measures at 
Windsor Castle are to be 
reviewed by Scotland Yard 
after the arrest eight days 
ago of an intruder (Tim 
Jones writes). 

. The man was questioned 
but released without charge 
because no offence was 
committed. He had climbed 
scaffolding in an area of the 
castle which is open to the 
public. It is understood he 
told police he wanted to 
make a protest over a 
personal grievance. 

No member of the Royal 
Family was in residence at 
the castle at the time. 

CID seek 

Police investigating the 
murder of the two Brighton 
schoolgirls, Nicola Fellows 
and Karen Hadaway, are 
anxious to talk to a man 
called Dave who tele- 
phoned the BBC 
Crimewatch US pro- 
gramme on Thursday 

Det Chief Supt John 
McConnell, bead of Snssex 
CID. said the caller had 
arranged to meet murder 
squad detectives the next 
day at Wild Park, where 
the bodies were found, but 
failed to turn up. 

He is hoping that the 
man conk! give a fall 
description of two youths 
seen running from the park 

Asian visa rush ends 

Immigration officers will decide this' week on the fate of 
foe last 200 people held when they flew into Heathrow Air- 
port earlier this month In an attempt to beat the 
Government's new visa restrictions. 

The people, mainly single males from India, Pakistan 
and Sri Lanka, who were described as “tricky cases**, were 
moved at the weekend to the Hannondsworth immigrant 
detention centre, Middlessex, and to youth custody centres 
in Wiltshire and Kent. 

The Home Office said the detainees would be processed 
this week. To satisfy visa entry requirements, they most 
prove they have come to Britain as visitors. 


Mr Simon Mahon, the 
former Labour MP, died at 
Ids home yesterday, aged 
72. He represented Bootle, 

Liverpool, for 24 years. 

Mr Mahon was elected 
in 1955 and remained as 
the MP until 1979, when 
his successor, Mr Allan 
Roberts, took over. 

His wife, Veronica, said 
yesterday that her hus- 
band, who was discharged 
from hospital a few weeks 
ago, was suffering from a 
severe stomach disorder. 

The couple, who had no 
children, lived in Crosby. 

Saab recalls Turbos 

Saab is recalling the first 720 of its 137mph, 9000 Turbo 
16 cars to fit new bonnet retaining catches, after two 
customers reported that the bonnet had worked free. 

About 1,000 of tbe cars have been sold in Britain but only 
the first 720 up to and including chassis number CG 
1007702 are affected. 

BA pilots 9 
move fails 

•£. By Harvey Elliott 
^ Air Correspondent 

Plans by British Airways 
pilots to buy up to 25 per cent 
of the airline's shares when it 
is privatized next year have 
been squashed by the 

The pilots wanted the Gov- 
ernment to allow them to buy 
up to £6,000 of shares each in 
the airline under a special deal 
arranged through (heir union. 
Balpa. and the Trustee Sav- 
ings Bank. That would have 
given them up to 25 per cent 
of the shares. 

But the airline management 
is determined that all its staff 
must be treated equally, from 
baggage handlers to Concorde 
captains, and will resist any 

such plans. 

Details of the privatization 
are to be announced in 
London tomorrow when it is 
expected that all employees 
will be offered about £100 of 
free shares and the right to buy 
the same number again at a 

• Britain's three main sched- 
uled airlines are engaged in a 
big new battle for the highly 
competitive non-stop flight 
market from London to the 
-■far East. 

;; The record-breaking 12- 
'-hour 25-minute inaugural 
British .Airways 747 “City of 
Edinburgh" flight to Hong 
Kong at the weekend has 
-brought British Airways into 
: die battle with British Caledo- 
; fiian and Cathay Pacific. 

trophy is 

The Cheltenham Gold Cup. 
one of horsfe racing's most 
famous trophies, has turned 
up at the Irish home of Mrs 
Charmian Hill, less than 24 
hours after she had reported it 
stolen (Howard Foster writes). 

The lOin high cup, valued 
conservatively at £5,000, was 
won by Dawn Run, one of the 
great steeplechasers, which 
died after railing in a race in 

Mrs Hill, aged 70, noticed 
on Saturday that it was no 
longer in its display cabinet. 
Detectives were called to her 
house at Ballinakill and public 
appeals for the cup's return 
were made. 

Then, said Mrs Hill's son, 
Mr Barton Hill, an embar- 
rassed member of the family 
confessed to having taken the 
trophy away, for safe keeping 
in a chest 

Compensation challenge by state firm 

Threat to Tory plans for privatization 

» * i.. ...I in 't thia - 

By Robin Oakley 
Political Editor 

The Government is to be 
taken to the European Court 
of Human Rights once more 
in a case which could blight its 
privatization programme. 

The European Commission 
has declared admissible before 
the court a further action by 
former shareholders of Scott 
Lilhgow. the offshore and 
shipbuilding group. 

it was one of seven com- 
panies nationalized by the last 
Labour government on 
compensation terms which 
were criticized then by 
Conservative spokesmen. 

Shareholders in Vosper 
Thomev croft, the naval ship- 
builders. were awarded £53 
million for assets worth £37 
million at the date of 

The Kincaid engineering 
business, suppliers of marine 
engines to Scon Uthgows, bad 
assets valued at £19 million. 

Steel tries 
to unite 
party on 

. By Robin Oakley 
Political Editor 

Mr David Steel yesterday 
took the first step towards 
coaxing his party into a joint 
defence policy with the SDP 
after his defeat at this year's 
Liberal Assembly. 

Mr Steel met Mr Des Wil- 
son. the party president, Mr 
Simon Hughes, MP for 
Bermondsey', a party defence 
rebel, and Mr Jim Wallace, 
MP for Orkney and Shetland, 
the Liberal defence spokes- 
man. at his home in Etuick 
Bridge in the Borders. 

He is said to have agreed 
with them that the situation 
could have been handled 
much better at Eastbourne, 
and that there will be more 
consultation in future about 
the framing of resolutions, 
with more contact between 
leadership and rank and file. 

Mr Wilson said Mr Steel, 
“could not have been more 
receptive". He denied that the 
Libera] leader bad been trying 
to browbeat his {arty by 
threatening to resign if he did 
not get his way. 

However Mr Sled remains 
adamant that the liberals 
must agree with their SDP 
partners, who have settled 
their own policy, that an 
Alliance government would 
be prepared to replace Polaris 
if arms negotiations do not 
succeed. This is the same 
formula on which he was 
defeated at the assembly. 

which included £5 million in 
cash. But shareholders were 
paid £3.8 million, leaving the 
Government the goodwill plus 
a cash profit of £13 million. 

Aggrieved shareholders in- 
several of the companies lost 
their case at the Strasbourg 
court earlier this year when 
they sought to force the 
present Government to im- 
prove tbe compensation deal. 

Now Lithgows is to fight a 
new action; claiming that the 
Court of Human Rights made 
its decision on incorrect facts. 

cases incorporated in the 
prospectus for the sale of 
British Gas. especially in the 
United States. 

In addition, a monograph 
has been drawn up by Mr John 
Macdonald. QC setting out 
the implications of tbe orig- 
inal Strasbourg case. 

It is being sent also to the 
Securities and Exchange 
Commission in Washington, 
which will have to vet any 
British Gas prospectus 
launched m foe united States. 

of public funds, ministers 
have demonstrated that future 
Labour governments can ne- 
nationahze privatized com- 
panies on virtually any tenns. 

In addition, they believe, 
thousands of millions of Brit- 
ish assets have been put at nsfc 
of confiscation in the Third 

When foe last Labour gov- 
ernment nationalized the 
shipbuilding and aircraft in- 
dustries in 1977 prices were to 
be fixed according to the 
behaviour of foe Stock Ex- 

Mr Macdonald's paper de- 

MPs and some minister dares: “Tbe court’s judgement change during the penodfrom 
have been alarmed at the way has undoubtedly made it eas- September 2973 to February 
foe Government has con- ier fora fouxre Labour gpveru- 
tested the claims. They fear ment to renaoooatize British 

Telecom and British Gas and 
to backdate the compensation 
so that investors are left with 
only the price for which foe 
shares were originally sold." 

Government supporters be- 
lieve that by fighting the 
compensation claims, to save 
a payout of about £300 Bullion 

that fresh publicity could af- 
fect the privatization schedule 
just when it has become 
crucial to the Government’s 
pre-election economic 

The aggrieved shareholders 
are making efforts to have 
specific warnings about their 

1974. a , 

That period coincided with 
a depressed market, a miners' 
strike, the three-day week.the 
Arab-lsraeli war, foe oil em- 
bargo. the quadrupling of oil 
prices and dividend restraint. 

Senior Conservatives, all of 
them subsequently members 
of the Cabinet which has 
fought to prevent a better 

pavoui. were loud in lhaym to & r 

condemnation at the lime w iH^m Uayiw. »rjt ri vice. 

Mr Nigri Lawson called 
terms "grossly inadequate - 
Mr Michael Hrtdtine«lted « 

“more like confiscaliiw than 
compensation'*. Mr Norman 
Tcbbit said ihnr was no 
equity'* tn the deal and Mr 
Tom 'King spoke of "outright 


In office, the Conservatives 
instructed lawyers to argue 
that the nationalization »as a 
"lawful measure** which the 
then Labour government 
entitled to tote, and (ha( the 
compensation was adequate- 

But it is dear that the 
Government intends to con- 
tinue fighting any claim for 
improved compensation. 

In a letter dated July J. 

1985, Mrs Thatcher told Mr 
Alan Beith. Libera! MP. that 
the compensation was “m- 
sufficient to foe point of being 

But in a letter dated 

chairman Qf Sta Uata 

on iwt. wCTwy .- 'The 
amount of 

calculated in amritact m* 
the provisions of foe Act I do 
not accept that fob Ctewm. 
mem used foe Art to product 
unfair results" ; 

Last night. Sir Wffitm said 
that u was wrong hrChw- 
vative minister* t© Nbitw 
L abour for foe CQQtpesstiion 
terms as they Jtod .raaRy been 
fixed during Keith 

Joseph's tune as Mra mtpm 
Thatcher’s flrsi Secretary of 
State for industry ' 

Sir Wiliam akffoft *hai 
had started « "nuher 
squalid argument about 
money** hid become an tm* 
of fundamental property 

What had ha p pene d had 
introduced a new. inter- 
national standard. . 

Mr Hughes (left), Mr SteeL Mr Wallace and Mr Wilson at the liberal leader's home (Photograph: Tom Kidd). 

The Liberal leadership has 
still not decided on a final 
policy line, or how that line 
will be endorsed by foe party. 
The question will be discussed 
by foe party's policy commit- 
tee tomorrow, then by its 
defence panel and finally by 
the 19 Liberal MPs. The 
national executive will meet at 
foe end of next week to decide 
whether there should be a one- 
day patty assembly to endorse 
the policy. 

Mr Steel believes foal ft 
would be sufficient for foe 
party's policy committee, the 
body responsible for settling 
such questions between ass- 
embles. to agree to foe policy. 

But he is relaxed about the 
prospect of staging a special 
assembly. Party officiate are 
confident that Mr Steel would 
be able to carry foe day, 
especially since he lost by only 
28 votes at Eastbourne. 

Mr Wilson said they had 
decided that it was right to 
proceed cautiously and by the 
agreed party machinery, al- 
though they were also agreed 
that foe sooner they could sort 
out a defence policy and 
concentrate on issues such as 
foe economy foe better it 
would be. 

Labour details 
nuclear arms ban 

A Labour government 
would not only dose Ameri- 
can nuclear bases and scrap 
the British independent 
nuclear deterrent, it would 
also ban foe use of battlefield 
nuclear weapons by the Brit- 
ish Army of foe Rhine and 
nuclear depth charges. These 
further details of Labour's 
defence policy were given 
yesterday by Mr Denzfl Da- 
vies. foe party’s defence 

spokesman, on London Week- 
end Television's Weekend 

But Mr Davies reaffirmed 
that Labour would stay in 
Nato. even if the organization 
remained committed to foe 
first use of nudear weapons. 

Britain would not follow foe 
example of New Zealand and 
ban foe entry to British ports 
of American vessels armed 
with nudear weapons. 

Mr Davies said that a 
Labour government would do 
what it could to change Nato’s 
strategy, in particular its reli- 
ance on nudear weapons, but 
even if those policies were not 
changed "we're not coming 
out of Nato. Well stay” 

He confirmed, however, 
that a Labour government 
would remove battlefield 
nudear weapons in Europe, 
arguing that such weapons. 

causing an explosion a thou- 
sand times greater than that of 
the Chernobyl disaster, were 
no defence. 

It was foe same with nudear 
depth charges, he said. They 
would destroy our own ships 
in foe process of destroying 
the enemy. 

• Russian advances in Star 
Ware-style defences could 
mean Britain's Trident missile 
submarines will have an effec- 
tive life of only five years after 
entering service in 1995. 
according to Captain John 
Moore, editor of Jane's Fight- 
ing Ships, and Commander 
Richard Compton-HaH direc- 
tor of the Submarine Mu- 
seum, in a new book. 
Submarine Warfare, Today 
and Tomorrow. 

They argue that the £10 
billion being spent on Trident 
could be better used on other 

date for 
dole swap 

By Nicholas 8Mtt» 

Mr Pirn Merchant. Conser- 
vative MP for Newontto upon 
Tvnc Centra!, and hts Amity 
are to swap their tom and 
lifestyle for a week with an 
unemployed ftrnOy to one of 
Tyneside s deprived areas. 

Mr MerehuV-IieA 33, with 
his wife, Helen, aged 33, who 
a a chartered accovattOL and 
his daughter. Akita, aged 
two. will move neat month 
into a council boose oft the 
Cowgate estate, foe moss de- 
pressed part of his 

While Mr Merchant trim to 
meet weekly costs on un- 
employment bene fits of 
£60.80. a family of five will 
move into his £65,000 four- 
bedroom Victorian tetrace 
house at G at es hea d. 

The father of foe fondly, 
who has ashed not to be 
named yet. has been un- 
employed for jcvw years. 

The swap was organized by 
foe Newcaislc-faased Sunday 
Sun newspaper, after Mr Mer- 
chant had united in a tele- 
vision debate with the Jarrow 
marchers that it was possible 
to live on unemployment 

**If I find th« it is impos- 
sible to livedo foe dole 1 will 
change ray views 
raraiogfy**, Mr Merchant' 
said. He said his wife had been 
"a little apprehensive" at first, 
but now looks on foe week as a 

Mr Merchant and his wife 
have a combined annual in- 
come of £28.000. ■ 

TJS link In Neave murder 5 

Powell claim called fantasy 

By Robin Oakley and Richard Ford 

An apparent accusation by 
Mr Enoch Powell that foe 
United States was behind foe 
murder of Mr Airey Neave in 
a car bombing at the House of 
Commons in 1979 was yes- 
terday dismissed in Whitehall 
as pure fantasy. 

Although Mr Tam DalyeU, 
Labour MP, urged foe Horae 
Secretary to conduct an in- 
quiry into Mr Powell’s sugges- 
tion, most MPs — even those 
who normally have some 
sympathy for Mr Powell on 
other questions — dismissed 
his claim as the product of an 
increasingly fevered conspir- 
acy theorist. 

Most politicians are now 
familiar with Mr Powell’s long 
argued belief that some kind 
of sinister deal was struck 
between the Americans and 
the British Government de- 
signed to move Ireland from 
its neutralist position to 
membership of Nato, and that 
this explains foe British 
Government’s lack of sym- 
pathy with the Ulster Unionist 
cause and the steady moves 
towards the Anglo-Irish 

But none could recall him 
taking it quite this far before. 

Mr Humphrey Atkins, for- 
mer Secretary of State for 
Northern Ireland, said last 
night "Enoch Powell’s latest 
outburst in support of his 
obsessive belief thar the Brit- 
ish Government will do ab- 
solutely anything to hand over 

foe province to foe Republic 
of Ireland is the wildest and 
most disgraceful yet. 

“It is such a pity that he 
cannot see that Airey Neave’s 
assassination united every- 
one, government and people 
alike, in a determination that 
violence should not succeed in 
its objeiives”. 

In his speech at Bir- 
mingham on Saturday, Mr 
Powell, foe Ulster Unionist 
member for South Down, said 
that the first move in the 
conspiracy had been to sweep 
away the stumbling block of 
Unionist government in 
Northern Ireland. 

“M16 and their friends 
proved equal to the job and in 
1969 active committal of the 
Army in Ulster subordinated 
Stormont to Whitehall." 

When the Conservatives 
were about to take office: 
however, according to Mr 
Powefi, there were doubts 
about whether they would go 
along with foe scheme. 

"The roadblock was cleared 
by eliminating Airey Neave 
on the verge of his taking 

The strategic importance or 
otherwise of the Irish Repub- 
lic to the Western alliance is a 
frequent question raised in 
discussions on the problems 
facing the north and south of 
foe island. 

Mr Powell believes foe 
republic is of such importance 
to it that the United States 

wants a united Ireland on 
condition that ft abandons 
neutrality and joins Nato. 

In foe republic Mr Charles 
Haughey. foe opposition lead- 
er, also suspects that his 
country has strategic value to 
Nato while in Western defence 
circles there is debate between 
those believing it is of im- 
portance and others who argue 
that modem technology has 
rendered foe republic prac- 
tically obsolete for Nato 

Irish neutrality, a dormant 
political issue in the republic, 
is backed by more than two- 
thirds of voters and any hint 
that it is being eroded by the 
country’s involvement in 
Europe raises suspicion and 

Some suspect a future gov- 
ernment may abandon neu- 
trality and either enter Nato or 
conclude a defence arrange- 
ment with Britain as part of a 
price for a united Ireland. 

The keen awareness of 
Ireland’s position is a critical 
argument for those wishing it 
to be a full member of the 
Western alliance as they be- 
lieve Nato’s western flank is 
exposed because of Irish 

Some say ft provides a 
possible back door for the 
launch of a Soviet attack on 
Europe and that its inclusion 
in Nato would give additional 
strength to radar warning 

Panorama settlement 


Buying It* TIbm* unrmi 

Atom Sch 39; Belgium B FR SO: 
Canada $2 75; Can ary Pw 2<»; 
Cvpna 70 cents: Djmnark OhT 
- y iOO Finland Mkk goa Frany F 


_ J 50; 

_ itxmi ■ nwuw- »«—• 

9 00: 

Switzerland S_Frs 3.00. TulHM DJJJ 
80 0 O: USA *» 75. Yugoslavia Din 

BBC costs ‘could have exceeded f lm 

By Jonathan Miller 
Media Correspondent 

The decision of the BBC 
Board of Governors to settle 
out of court the Panorama libel 
action brought by two Conser- 
vative MPs came amidst in- 
dications that the final cost of 
defending foe case to its 
conclusion could have ex- 
ceeded £1 million. 

Friends of Mr Neil Hamil- 
ton, MP for Tattoo, Cheshire 
and Mr Gerald Howarth, MP 
for Cannock and Borntwood in 
Staffordshire, said last week 
that they expected their legal 
bill to exceed £300,000. 

The MPS were said to be 
confident that they would 
more than recoup their invest- 

ment in foe suit against the 
BBC, whose programme, 
“Maggles’s Militant 
Tendency**, had alleged that 
they were among a group of 
Conservative politicians hold- 
ing extremist and racialist 

Legal observers suggested 
that foe BBC's costs could well 
have equalled or exceeded 
those of the plaintiffs. 

Had foe case gone against 
the BBC damages of just 
£100,000 to each of the two 
politicians would have brought 
foe corporation’s final bill to 
about £1 million. 

Under foe drcumstances, 
foe BBC decided to follow 
what has become a fairly 
routine procedure for news 

organizations in similar bat- 
tles, ami seek to settle the case 
before the legal costs grew oat 
of control. 

It was dear before the latest 
case went to trial that the BBC 
was less than fully confident of 
its prospects for success. A 
separate writ against the Pan- 
orama programme, issued by 
Mr Roger Moate, Conser- 
vative MP for Faversham, was 
settled a year ago for costs and 
a "suitable donation** to a 
charity of Mr Moate's choice. 

Other recent libel cases 
involving the corporation have 

April, 1985: foe BBC was 
embarrassed when an 87-day 
High Court libel case brought 

by a Harley Street doctor 
ended with foe court ordering 
it to pay costs of £900,000, and 
£75,000 damages. 

February, 1984: the BBC won 
an action brought against it by 
Mr Derek Jameson, the for- 
mer editor of Daily Star, who 
said be had been libelled by a 
sketch in foe Radio Four 
programme Week Ending. Mr 
Jameson's costs were said to 
be £75.000. 

Jane 1984: the BBC agreed 
to pay substantia] damages in 
a case brought by Bird's Eye, 
foe frozen food company over a 
BBC-2 programme which im- 
plied that foe company's "100 
per cent" beefburgers con- 
tained only 80 per cent of 

The Asbach Story 

It could easily be argued that Ruedesheim is the 
gateway to chat most beautiful pan of the River Rhine with 
its vineyards and castles. 

What is bey ond dispute is that it is the home of that 
most sought after German Brandy- Asbach Unlit. Ft >r it 
W3S here, around the rum of the century that Hus»o 
Asbach founded his world-famous distillery. 

It takes five litres of the finest wines to produce 
one single bottle of Asbach Uralt. What it also takes is 
the family skill in distilling-, the maturing in 
Limousin oak barrels; and of course die blending, 
handed down through generations, to create this 
soft, mellow, golden brandy. The after dinner 
brandy that isn’t just for after dinner. 

Discover it in discerning restaurants and 
ofFiicences, orcome and see as here in Ruedesheim 
from Monday to mid-day Friday fora tasting. 

For further information write to-. 

Weinbrennerei. Asbach & Co. 6220 Ruedesheim am 
Rhein, Postiach 1130. West Germany. 

bof J 


The Great Brandy 
from the Romantic Rhine 

li) () 

. vi. 

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Women solicitors ‘still 
finding it difficult’ 



finding are still 

»* difficult to obtain 

-£sv safys 

¥*■ em P*oyed as 

S0 i IC,t0rs rather tkm 

panners. A total of i oon 

-S«f »«*«» iff 

viewed in the survey which 

£S"£ d . lhe ‘«”d S 

i ^ nsuhs dis- 

31 IW cm IS 
^ U11 y Partners, compared 

with 50 per cent employed as 
assistant solicitors. Another 
12 per cent were salaried 

Bm as the majority only 
entered the profession during 
the past six years, it is too 
early to say that discrimina- 
tion is the reason for the 

■ The survey, published in 
the law Society Gazelle, co- 
incides with new statistics* 
from the society showing that 
while women are still con- 
centrated in the lower ranks, 
the number of partners is 

Peer calls on lawyers 
to settle court rights 

By Our legal Affairs Correspondent 

barristers re! about monopoly rights, 

M“ bco ^titeU^nr b pei^ 

me Law Society conference at 
the weekend. 

Lord Misbcon n>kl sefic- 
rtors at their animal meeting in 
Toranay that he and his 
colleagues were not helped in 
their parliamentary . efforts 
when legislation affecting the 
profession was being passed hi 
‘‘what appears to others as an 
unseemly conflict'*. 

He said that where possible 
the profession should present 
a united front in the of 
difficulties that confronted 
both branches. A public de- 
bate over rights of 
was |*not generally regarded as 
particularly seemly, nor is ft 
regarded as a contest which 
has as its mm element the 
interest of die lay client". 

Lord Mis hcon told the con- 
ference on Saturday that saefa 
a debate appeared as a “qaar- 

own material interests' . 

He also gave a warning of 
the lowering of professional 

standards which aright come 
from proceeding too for with 
advertising. Sotiritors would 
effectively be led into tairfry 
clients from each other, and 
becoming no different from 
“market traders". 

He urged sotiritors to call a 
halt to farther advertising, 
whatever the pressures under 
the “guise of co mp etitio n and 
what is said to be consumer 

Before long soEdtore would 
be boasting, not only that they 
coedd do their work better titan 
a coDeane, but more cheaply. 
Doctors m the same way might 
find themselves advertising 
their consulting foes, or sur- 
geons their fees for operations. 

“Once yon open these dikes, 
the erosion of professional 
standards as we know them 
cannot be prevented," Lord 
Misbcon sa*L 

The increase was 50 percent 
in the year up to 1985. and the 
latest total is 1,400 compared 
with 20,600 men. 

But the statistics also show a 
dramatic increase in women 
assistant solicitors: in 1984/85 
the proportion was one in 
three compared with one in 
four the year before 

One explanation is that 
more women are retu rni n g to 
work. The increase in women 
with practising certificates ex- 
ceeds that for those admitted 
onto the tolL “This is highly 
suggestive of women returning 
to private practice or at least 
seeking to do so," the society 

It appears that many 
women have not become part- 
ners because they have token 
time off to have children art d 
returned to their careers at a 
later stage. 

But the survey dfo pf fc the 
myth that women stay away 
for long periods to have 
children, and that they are 
forced to specialize in fields 
such as family law or 

For those who take mater- 
nity leave rather than a longer 
break in their c areers , the 
average time off is 5.24 
months, and 2.43 months for 
those who are partners. Most 
returned to the same job but 
only half to the wnw hours. 

Litigation is the favourite 
specialization for women, fol- 
lowed by probate and trust 
work. The survey saystfaatthis 
could be because trust work is 
more easily combined with 
flexible hours. 

For women' under 35 the 
picture is very different: litiga- 
tion is still popular but many 
are moving into new areas 
previously closed to them, 
such as shipping litigation, 
building or property. A num- 
ber are also specializing in 
company commercial work. 

New leads 
in £ 26 m 
gold raid 

By Our Crime Reporter 

New arrests and raids are 
expected in the next few days 
fry 'Scotland Yard detectives 
leading the hunt for the gold 
and valuables taken in the £26 
million Brinks-Mat robbery. 

Police now suspect that 
bullion from the robbery was 
converted into cash and 
moved overseas. They areako 
investigating the possibility 
that properties were bought to 
conceal the money and, in 
some cases, cash from the 
proceeds was used as collateral 
to generate money for legiti- 
mate business interests. 

Last week a London solic- 
itor and a second man were 
charged in connection with 
the assets from the robbery. . 

Senior officers have forecast 
that they may be dose to a 
breakthrough in the long- 
running search for the routes 
by which gold disappeared 

Since the robbery in 
November 1983, at a high- 
security warehouse dose to 
Heathrow Airport, Scotland 
Yard has been running a big 
operation to recover stolen 
gold. Officers from the Flying 
Squad and other specialist 
units, inducting the Yard's 
criminal intelligence team 
Cl 1. have been targeting the 
routes used to launder the 

In December 1984 two men 
were sentenced for their part 
in the robbery after a security 
guard at the warehouse admit- 
ted helping to arrange the raid 
and became a key police 

Earlier this year Kenneth 
Ncrye, a Kent businessman, 
was given 14 years’ imprison- 
ment for his role in disposing 
of the bullion.Two others were 
convicted with him. 

A series of cases involving 
other individuals, including 
Mr John Palmer, a West 
Country jeweller, are awaiting 

British financier 
key to drug link 

By Stewart Tendler, Crime Reporter 

A British-bom financier is 
firing under armed guard in 
the United States as a key 
informant m a transatlantic 
investigation into a mufti- 
million pound network 
laundering profits from the 
London underworld and Ma- 
fia drag syndicates. 

This week in Florida senior 
■ members of the Drug Enforce- 
ment Agency will unveil the 
role of the informant, Shaun 
P. Murphy; a second British 
financial figure and the story 
of how a special Scotland 
Yard team looking at or- 
ganized crime led the Ameri- 
cans to a potential 
breakthrough in their fight 
against drug traffickers. 

The Yard team was formed 
18 months ago by Deputy 
Assistant Commissioner 
Brian Worth and came across 
a network of shell companies 
on both sides of the Atlantic as 
detectives searched for the 
proceeds front the £26 million 
Brinks-Mat robbery. 

The British investigators 
have been working in the Isle 
of Man, the British Vagin 
Islands, and AnguiDa- Sworn 
in locally as special constables 
some of their travel costs have 
been met fry the Americans 
because of the value of the 
work to the Drug Enforcement 

The financial network used 
to launder criminal profits is 
believed to include accounts 
of companies in the City of 
London, Hong Kong, Singa- 
pore, Panama, France and 
Luxembourg. Detectives have 
found links between British - 
criminals and organized crime 
in the US. 

Working from material 
thrown up by the Yard officers 
in an investigation called Op- 
eration Cougar the Americans 
formed their own taskforce 
and have uncovered a net- 
work which. indudes Boston, 
Chicago and New York as well 
as Florida. 

The British operation began 
in the Isle of Man' when 
; lawyer called Patrick. Di- 
amond, aged 37. was arrested 
on charges of handling stolen 
moneys He was given bail on 
condition helped po- 
lice and he travelled to Florida 
with a Yard escort. 

.- In the US he worked under- 
cover with Drag Enforcement 
Agency men before giving 
evidence to a grand jury. He 
was later sentenced to serve 
nine months in prison and 
fined £10,000 by an Isle of 
Man court. 

After British police went out 
to the British Virgin Islands 
Mr Murphy, aged 33, and 
managing director of a firm 
called Financial Management 
Trust, was charged with assist- 
ing in the commission of 
offences which contravened 
US drag laws. 

Mr Murphy, who began his 
career as a chartered accoun- 
tant in the Isle of Man went to 
the -British Virgin Islands in 
1977. Hcwas given haD by the 
local court. 

Later the case against him 
was dropped because he was 
working with Yard officers 

He was flown out of the 
island s by the enforcement 
agency in a chartered aircraft 
to Florida this summer. Since 
then he has been living in safe 
houses under aimed guard 
and working with drugs 

Last - week in Florida six 
men were arrested by drug 
enforcement men from the 
American operation on 
charges involving more than 
£22 million and 100,0001b of 

On the British Virgin Is- 
lands officers from Scotland 
Yard have looked at a number 
of financial institutions in an 
investigation which has now 
uncovered hundreds of shell 
companies and accounts 
stretching across the world. 

Good Hotel Guide 

Stewed tea at Cliveden 

An entire chapter of The 
Good ffotel Guide, 1997 in 
devoted to an attack on 
Cliveden, former home of the 
As tor family, which this year 
became the most expensive 
hotel in Britain outside 
London- The cheapest rooms 
cost £150 a night for bed and 

The growing anti- American 
bias among hoteliers is also 1 
singled oat for criticism. Mr 
Hilary Rubinstein, the editor, 
says that he experienced this 
trend at Cliveden. The trend 
was “as distasteful as anti- 
Semitism or mindless prej- 
udice against women or blacks 
or gays’*. , __ 

The man who showed Mr 
and Mis .Rubinstein to theft 
room volunteered the opinion- 
that Americans were just a hit 
of trouble. “I have no idea 
what offences they had per- 
petrated to cause him to anr 
this prejudice, but If aa Ameri- 
can visitor had protested voeff- 
eroosty at the kind of inept 

By Tun Jones 

service thaf we experienced 

that weekend, bnDy for him*" 

There is a detailed explana- 
tion of why the Rubinsteins 
did not eqjby theft stay at 
Cliveden, in spite of its glori- 
ons location overlooking die 

Their complaials range 
from stewed aad lukewarm tea 
to overcharging, slow and 
incompetent service and an 
intolerably hot hotel room. 

Mr Rubinstein adds: “In 
general, we don’t bold with 
kuockfag hotels. Oar reason 
for writing at sack length 
about this faulty Rolls-Royce 
is that the place, like no other 
British hotel, brings to nr 
heritage. “ 

The guide, which covers 
more than 1,100 hotels, guest 
houses, farmhouse hotels and 
fans fa 20 counties encourages 
"civil resistance" by anti- 
service chaige campaigners. 

The- guide names 10 
establishments for its Cesar 
Awards for 1987: 

They are Ston Easton Park, 
Ston Easton, for comprehen- 
sive excellence as a luxurious 
c o u n tiy bouse botefc The Cas- 
tle, Taunton, for best town 
hotel; St Tudao Hotel, Llan- 
dudno, for best seaside resort 
hotel; Coopersfaill, 
Rjverstowu, for outstanding 
Irish ' country hospitality; 
Plumber Manor, Stn rm i nster 
Newton, for sustained ex- 
cellence in a middle-price 
country house hotel; Parrock 
Head Farm, Shtidburn, for 
best farmhouse hotel; Manor 
Farm Bara. Tajntos, for best 
rata] bed and breakfast; White 
House Hotel, Herat, for best 
fondly hotel away from it all; 
Alteahanfe, Ullapool, for sus- 
tained excellence fa a middle- 
price countiy house hotel and 
Clifton Hotel, Nairn, for ut- 
terly acceptable mild 

The Good Hotel Guide. 1987 
(Consumers* Association and 
Hoddcr & Stoughton: £9.95). 

• * *• . ’ : 1 7- J ?** • . "i , 7* '*:*>j'* * 

. . Iv-’C " • ^ Ju . J. ' .. 

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/.‘v ■-**’. vv '• '"'i '.." 7; ' d .r ■ •, 

.. . ..#»**'« . - ..... .w.. *_•••{ . i’- 

% . , . «, « i '• • -• ■** - . ■ 

***■-; . 1 . • ? /' .‘TV ■ , 

>{ - i • ■ -syS - :* 

The huge bronze Monument to Balzac" , by Auguste Rodin - popularly known as Balzac in his Dressing Gown - which 
normally stands outside the Kodak headquarters in Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire, is being temporarily removed to the 
Hayward Gallery, Loudon for a Rodin exhibition which opens fa two weeks (Photograph: Mark Pepper). 

Savage call to improve 
maternity services 

Mrs Wendy Savage, the 
birth rights campaigner, yes- 
terday urged obstetricians, 
midwives and women to unite 
to improve maternity ser- 

“The establishment of a 
study group by the Royal 
College of Obstetricians and 
Gynaecologists might enable 
women to voice their requests 
in a forum which could iw»d to 
change," she saifL 
Mrs Savage makes the call 
in a book in which she attacks 
as a “terrible waste of NHS 
funds’* ber suspension from 
the London Hospital, east 
London, and the inquiry into 

allegations of incompetence. 

She said that relations be- 
tween GPs and obstetricians 
had been damaged, women 
had not had the same choice, 
especially if they wanted to see 
a woman obstetrician, and the 
reputation of the hospital the 
medical school and the doc- 
tors involved had suffered. 

The book, published 10 
days after Mrs Savage re- 
turned to work after being 
cleared of incompetence, tells 
of the manoeuvres which led 
to her 15-month suspension. 

A Savage Inquiry — Who Con- 
trols Childbirth? (Virago Press, 

Horizon offers cheap 
holidays in Majorca 

Horizon, one of the three 
largest lour operators, enters 
the latest cut-price holiday 
war today, reducing the price 
of 50.000 holidays in Majorca 
by 10 per cent. 

The company is cutting the 
cost of holidays at the resort 
□ext summer by up to £40, 
after Thomson Holidays of- 
fered a million low-cost holi- 
days in the sun. through its 
subsidiary. Skytours. 

The discount covers 50.000 
holidays featured in its two 
brochures. Summer Sun and 
Villas and Apartments. The 
holidays must be booked be- 
fore the end of December, and 

taken between May 1 and 
June 25. 

Anyone who has already 
booked for Majorca during 
this period will also receive 
tbc discount. 

Mr David Cockerton. 
managing director, said that 
Horizon sold 200.000 holi- 
days during the first week of 
the launch of its brochures out 
of a total of one million 
holidays it will offer in 1987. 

An offer of 1 .000 holidays in 
Majorca and Ibiza at 1966 
prices of £53 for two weeks, 
was sold out within 20 min- 
utes. Horizon said. 

Sugar 6 no 
danger to 
health or 

An official United States 
report which claims that sugar 
does not make people fat or 
damage their health is befog 
studied by Government health 

The report the most com- 
prehensive ever andertaken, 
was carried out by a medical 
taskforce set up by the X’S 
Food and Drag Administra- 
tion (FDA). 

The taskforce found (bat 
while sugar does coo tribute to 
tooth decay, "there Is 'no 
co Delusive evidence that it » a 
hazard to the general public". 

Dr Allan Forbes, of the 
FDA fa Washington, said: 
“We can now state categori- 
cally that there is no eridepoe 
at all to fink sugar with 
obesity, diabetes, high bipod 
pressure, hyperactivity < or 
heart disease" 

The Government is ex- 
pected to announce soon the 
members of its own committee 
of inquiry into sugar, part of 
the Committee on the Medical 
Aspects of Health (Coma).! 

A Coma report published fa 
1982 said it saw no reason to 
reduce sugar consumption in 
Britain. However a report, by 
the nnofftcia] National Ad- 
visory Committee on Nu- 
tritional Education, published 
a year earlier, said consump- 
tion should be reduced. 

Annual United Kingdom 
sugar consumption is about 
801b per person. 

Mr Charles Lunge, chair- 
man of the Sugar Bureau, 
which represents sugar manu- 
facturers. said: “The report 
confirms what we have known 
fora very long time, thaf sugar 
is safe and does not cause any 
diseases, other than contribut- 
ing to dental decay along with 
other carbohydrates." 

Mrs Edwin* Currie, Under 
Scretary of State for Health 
and Social Security, said: 
“What we have always said is 
that there is no such thing as 
one particular bad food. It is 
how much you eat of it." 



From 22p down to 18p-so it will 
cost you less to keep in touch! 

From today it costs you no more to write to Paris or 
Rome than to an address in London. 

Because the postage for a letter to a countiy in the 
EEC has come down. 

Down from 22p to only 18p - far any letter or card 
weighing up to 20g. 

Saves you 4p every time you write. So a business that 
sends a lot of post or direct mail to the EEC can send more 
letters withoutincieasingthe cost 

And doritfarget-Euiopeanprices aie alsoieducedfor 
Airstream, our new overseas letter service for businesses. 

Inland letter rates - from today the new charge far 
basic fist class inland letters is also 13p, and 2nd class 
letters return to 13p after a lp rebate for nearly one yean 

All letters and cards up to 20 gms to the Republic of Ireland win be charged at 18p postage from today: 

Details of all po stage changes can be found in the new Inland and Overseas Postal Rates leaflets' - at post offioesnovu 



For further Monnation on the new Citroen BX1 9 TRS and where to find your nearest dealer dial 100 
and ask for Freefone Citroen UK Limited or write to Citroen Freepost at the address below. 


MPs launch campaign 
for 10% increase 
in housing body funds 

A nationwide campaign 
seeking w increase the level of 
government spending on the 
voluntary housing movement 
will be launched from the 
House of Commons today by 
senior politicians from the 
Conservative. Labour and 
Alliance parties. 

The campaign, led by Mr 
John Cunningham, the Oppo- 
sition environment spokes- 
man. is calling for a 10 per 
cent increase in the 
Government's budget for 
housing associations in 1987- 
88, to enable them to tackle 
chronic housing problems 
more effectively. 

Accompanying the cam- 
paign is the publication of a 
report by the National Federa- 
tion of Housing Associations, 
the central representative and 
negotiating body for all hous- 
ing associations, entitled 
Housing : a countrywide 

The report provides de- 
tailed evidence of increasing 
homelessness, overcrowding 
and serious disrepair through- 
out England and Wales, and 
the need to stimulate the 
private rented sector as called 
for by The Times in the Home 
Front campaign. 

The report issued a warning 

By Michael Dynes 

that "if we do not save our 
older housing, many areas will 
reach the point where the 
expensive alternative of 
demolition is the only answer. 
If we postpone major repairs 
now. the cost of moderniza- 
tion later will be for higher." 

The report also criticizes 
last year's decision by the 

Department of the Environ- 
ment and the Housing 
Corporation to concentrate 
funding for housing associ- 
ations in 80 key regions such 
as Liverpool. Birmingham, 
Leeds and London, designated 
as "stress areas" where the 
combined effect of urban 
deprivation, unemployment 
and racial tension is greatest. 

As a result of that decision, 
83 per cent of government 
funding for housing associ- 
ations now goes to stress areas, 
while the rest of the country is 
left with 17 per cent of the 
total budget, a decline of 10 
per cent over previous years. 

Cut-backs crisis 
for private groups 

In contrast to our European 
neighbours, housing associ- 
ations account for a mere 2.5 
per cent of Britain's homes 
(Michael Dynes writes). 

Nevertheless, more than 
one million people in England 
and Wales live in about 
550,000 homes, all of which 
have been reclaimed from 
dereliction or built from 
scratch by more than 2.000 
bousing associations. 

That laudable achievement 
stands as a testimony to the 
eflicacy of private initiative 
and the judicious application 
of public finance. 

Today, however, housing 
associations are facing crisis. 
Not only are they unable to 
satisfy the growing demand 
for their services from the 
young, unemployed, single; 
disabled and elderly, but they 
also face the prospect of 
sustaining huge reversals in 
their housing programmes be- 
cause of successive annual 
declines in funding. 

In 1982*83 loans from the 
Housing Corporation, the 
main source of finance for 
housing associations, ex- 
ceeded £927 million. By 1986- 
87 that figure had fallen to 
£660 million. 

The decline in local 
authority loans has been 
equally severe, from £456 
million in 1977-78 to £111 
million in 1986-87. more than 
75 per cent in 10 years, 

.As Mr Richard Best, direc- 
tor of the National Federation 
of Housing Associations, is at 
pains to point out. "because so 
much money goes to projects 
already being built, the cuts 
have been made on future 
building and rehabilitation 

Consequently, the number 
of new homes that can be 
provided by housing associ- 
ations has shrunk drastically. 
Since 1982-83 they have had 
to reduce their programmes by 
30 per cent in real terms, 
which has meant a decline 
from 40.000 to 20.000 new 
housing projects each year. 

Ironically, the need for 
housing association homes 
has never been more urgent 
As housing starts in the pri- 
vate and public sector have 
fallen below levels attained in 
the 1970s. and while an es- 
timated 25 per cent of I 
Britain's housing stock is in 
need of "substantial repairs", 
there is a desperate need for 
more investment in housing. 

In spite of the overwhelm- 
ing popularity of the present 
government's righi-to-buy leg- 
islation, there is a consensus 
across the political spectrum 
that Britain needs more 
homes for rent, particularly 
for those sectors of the popula- 
tion for whom neither owner- 
occupied nor council housing 
can provide the answer. - 

Hie decline of the private 
rented sector has left an 
accommodation vacuum 
which housing associations 
are ideally suited to filL 

During the past 10 years 
they have accumulated 
considerable expertise in 
building, buying and rehabili- 
tating derelict properties, and 
are eager to expand their work 
into Older urban areas. 

In Britain today there are at 
least 1 10.000 properties stand- 
ing idle for want of repair. 
Local authorities estimate that ; 
there are more than one 
million families on their wait- 
ing lists, and . about 175,000 
additional families present 
themselves to local authorities 
as homeless every year. 

In those circumstances, 
economies in housing finance 
are ephemeral What the 
Department of the Environ- 
ment manages to save on its 
annual budget for bousing 
associations, the Department 
of Health and Social Science 
has to pick up in increased 
housing benefits. 

Unlike spending on housing 
association rehabilitation 
programmmes. the cost of 
putting up homeless fomiles in 
hotels and guest houses leaves 
little to show for it. 

Putting a price on 
lord of the manor 

By Christopher Wanmn, Property Correspondent 

For people who cannot af- 
ford to buy the manor house of 
their choice, the title of Lord of 
the Manor comes more 
cheaply, and a forthcoming 
sale oltere bo less than 85 

The sale of lordships has 
become bis business la recent 
years, with rare and historic 
titles fetching more than 
£30.000. Most are no more 
than a set of documents which 
cannot be exported amd have to 
remain hi safekeeping. 

International interest b 
keen nevertheless, and the sale 
in London on November 11 is 
expected to yield some high 
prices, particularly for tire 
manors in the Irish Republic, 
which are believed to be the 
first Irish titles to be offered 
for many years. They belong to 
Lord Connanstoa. head of the 
undent Anglo-Irish family of 
Preston that originated in 
Lancashire la the thirteenth 
ce ntu r y . 

The five on offer are the 
Barony of Kells in Co Kil- 
kenny. granted to Earl 
Strong bow by Henry 11 la 
1169, Herbardeston, 
Bafcecadden and Ballymaden 
in Co Dublin, and Maydoa- 
haves h Co Meath. They 
faefode one of the oldest 
doc ume nts in the sale, dating 
back to 1 173. Interest fo these 
Is expected to come from the 
Untied Kingdom and the 
United States. Canada and the ' 
CwtfiBfn t i 

The other tides come from 
I and Wales, and the 
price is fikety for the ’ 

Lordship of SnodhiU, which 
has a ruined castle and in- 
cludes abort four acres of land. 

There is one of particular 
interest to American buyers. 
The Lordship of Hingham in 
Norfolk was mice owned by 
King Athebtan (921-94I),bet 
is more notable as the original 
home of the family of Abra- 
ham Lincoln, who emigrated 
to New England early m the 
seventeenth century. 

The Lordship of Kerdiston, 
also in Norfolk, has connec- 
tions with the poet Geoffrey 
Chaucer, and gives the owner 
the right to hold a market. It 
has records showiim the 
continuous descent of lords 
from il 90. 

prices for the tides will start 
at £6JKNk and the owners are 
entitled to call themselves lord 
or lady of the manor, apply for 
a coat of arms, and have their 
title inserted in their pass- 
ports, stationery, cutlery and 

**Lonl5hips0f the manor date 
back to Saxon times, and the 
system survived until the 
1920s when the tenancies 
granted by lords of the manor 
were made into freeholds m 

the hands of the tenants. , 

At the same time the ford or 
the manor, who held his title 
direct from the Own, was; 
deprived of most of his ancient j 
rights and privileges, which 
nutted from the right to 
extract minerals to droit de 
frinevr, under which the lord 
had the right to appropriate 
any village maiden in; his 
ludship on her wedding night. 

The report argues that in- 
creased funding for stress 
areas at the expense of the rest 
of the country foils to 
acknowledge that in many 
parts of England and Wales 
not so designated "housing 
conditions are equally 

The campaign will be con- 
ducted simultaneously from 
London and eight "non-stress 
areas" with chronic bom 
problems, such as Oxf< 
Durham and Norfolk. 

It will also attempt to 
highlight the consequences of 
the 30 per cent reduction in 
funding from the Housing 
Corporation since 1977, and 
the 75 per cent reduction in 
local authority finance for 
housing associations since 

According to Mr Richard 
Best, director of the National 
Federation of Housing Associ- 
ations, the combined decline 
in Housing Corporation and 
local authority funding has 
meant that approvals for new 
schemes are down from 
6 1,400 in 1977-78 to 19,700 in 

Housing - a countrywide prob- 
lem : National Association of 
Housing Associations, 175 
Gray's Inn Road, London WC1 

A child watches the Thames flood barrier at Woolwich yesterday, when it was dosed for a quarterly foil-day test (Photograph: Chris Harris). 

Single pension expected to rise by 80 p a week 

By Jill Sherman 
A 2.1 per cent rise in 
pensions and other social 
security benefits, to lake effect 
from next April, is expected to 
be announced shortly. 

The rise will increase the 
basic state pension fora single 
person- by about 80p, from the 
present £38.70 a week. It will 
reflect the 21 per cent rise in 
the retail price index from 
January to September, an- 
nounced last Friday, and 
comes after an interim 1.1 per 
cent increase last July. 

Pensions for married cou- 
ples will rise by at least £130, 
frpm the present £61.95, hav- 
ing risen by 65p in July. 

The two-stage increase is 
the result of a change from 
November to April in the 
timing of the annual benefit 
upraung, as part of the new 
social security reforms. 

The Government is legally 
bound to raise pensions and 
some other benefits in line 
with the retail price index. But 
this year, because of the two- 
stage increase, pensioners will 

get rnarginaty more than the 3 

per cent annual rise in prices. 

Supplementary benefit 
rates, calculated on a slightly 
different basis, are expected to 
rise by 60p from £29.80 for a 
single person, and by 95p to 
£49.35 for a couple: 

Pensioners' organizations 
have condemned the pro- 
jected rises as inadequate and 
say they foil to reflea the 10.5 
per cent rise in earnings. 

But a spokesman for the 
Department of Health and 
Social Security said yesterday 
that the rises always reflected 
the rate of inflation. 

Cold weather pay 
plan ‘unworkable 9 

Government proposals to 
pay £5 a week to the elderly on 
low incomes to help with 
heating bills during severe 
weather were criticized yes- 
terday by Age Concern, the- 
pensioners' organization. 

The organization claimed 
that the scheme was unwork- 
able because the fail in tem- 
peratures needed to bring the 
benefit into, operation was 
unrealistic, affecting only 
■select parts of Britain. 

Under the proposals, pay- 
ments will be made to the 
elderly on supplementary 
benefit if, in a seven-day 
period, the average tem- 
perature foils below minus 13 

Age Concern said that 
Meteorological Office figures 
show that last February, the 
coldest for 40 years, only two 
thirds of Britain would have 

benefited from severe weather 

Large areas of Wales, the 
South-west and North-east 
did not foil below minus 13 

Mr David Hobman, direc- 
tor of Age Concern England, 
said: "Severe weather should 
be declared over the whole 
country when it is cold rather 
than relying on scientific data 
which will be grossly unjust in 
its operation. The Goverment 
claims its new system is fairer. 
Age Concern believes it will 
simply be cheaper." 

Last winter, help with heat- 
ing bills was left to local 



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'■f-t-f.-g f ,Wi v*/i*** »j ■* v^*gfr.M«] 

More international travellers 


than with any other airline 

Every day, one airline sells more 
international tickets than any of its 
competitors. Last year an average of over 
53,000 per day across our scheduled and 
charter operations. 

Tickets taking nearly 20 million 
people to destinations all around the world. 

In fact, on an average day, 575 of our 

flights take off somewhere on the globe. 
(That’s one flight every three minutes - 
about the time it takes to read this 

If that surprises you, you are 
probably unaware that since 1973, British 
Airways has consistently flown more people 
internationally than any other airline. 

British Airways 

We also have the largest fleet of 
any European airline, with 159 aircraft in 
operation. But the most important fkct of 
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Which all goes to prove that British 
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Britain’s highest flying company, 





Students set to discuss 
boycott of lecturer who 
wrote for The Times 

. Oxford University students 
roe meeting this week to 
discuss the case or Mr David 
Selboume, the Ruskin College 
lecturer who for the last ax 
months has been boycotted 

for writing an article for The 

• Times. 

■ Mr Sclboumc is taking the 
trade union-affiliated insriiu- 

... .don to court because it refuses 
to give him a written commit- 
ment to academic freedom 
. over his treatment by fellow 
.. lecturers and students after he 

- wrote the article. 

.. Such is the concern about 
i»u« raised by the Selbourae 
affair that Mr George Walden, 
- ' the minister for higher educa- 
lion, has written to the college 
5 K^ing an explanation for its 
.-■actions. Ruskin's academic 
: : ‘r advisers, who are drawn from 
.. I the Oxford colleges, are alas to 
hold a meeting to decide their 

■ approach to the situation. 

What has come under the 
closest scrutiny is Ruskin’s 
standing as an academic body 
and its relationship with the 

- trade unions which form its 
- - executive council. 

Mr Selboume's troubles 
started at the beginning of last 

■ summer term when students 
began boycotting his lectures 
because they claimed he had 
’’scabbed” by contributing an 
article on the Militant ten- 
dency in Liverpool in The 

■ Times on March 26, the last 
day of the previous terra. 

. Since June he has sought 
and has been denied a specific 
commitment to academic 
..-freedom and although most 

- leaching staff at Ruskin had 
expected a gradual subsidence 
Of feeling on the matter. Mr 

- Selboume now finds himself 

■ having to relinquish his post 
at a college where he has 
taught for 20 years. Because 
the matter is in the hands of 

. lawyers, official comment at 

By Howard Foster 

Ruskin is scarce but there is 
certainly no shortage of pri- 
vate expression of concern. 

Although the Selboume af- 
fair is only now the subject ofa 
debate at the Oxford univer- 
sity Students' Union on 
Wednesday, this is not, 
according to the motion's 
sponsors, a reflection of 
intellectual apathy among the 

“The new term is still young 
and many people just have not 
heard of the Selboume case,” 
Mr Andrew Adonis, a Jesus 

6 People are asking 
whether Mr 
Selbonrne’s rights to 
express himself how 
and where he likes 
are being protected f 

College lecturer and proposer 
of a condemnatory motion at 
the students' union, said. 

Mr Adonis went on: “As 
time goes on, the issue be- 
comes more widely-discussed. 
What people are asking is 
whether Mr Selboume's rights 
to express himself bow and 
where he likes are being 
protected. It is a vital issue. 
Ruskin may not officially be 
pari of the university but it 
uses the facilities and is a valid 
cause for concern.” 

The university's Hebdom- 
adal Council has already met 
and discussed the, Selboume 
case. Although its members 
met in private, there is no 
secret that fears were ex- 
pressed abouL the cherished 
ideals of the freedom of the 
academic to write where he 

Professor AH Halsey, of 
Nuffield College, sits on the 
Hebdomadal Council and is 
also one or Ruskin’s academic 
advisers. Although confined 

to bed at present with flu he 
has been following the 
Selboume debate closely and 
will meet his fellow advisers to 
discuss how the Ruskin 
authorities are handling the 
affair very soon. 

Professor Halsey said: “I am 
unhappy about the situation. I 
believe it is the first time that 
such an issue has come up at 

“The educational advisers 
will meet and onr concern will 
be to advise Ruskin as to what 
it should da” 

One of the chief student 
instigators of action against 
Mr Selboume was Mr John 
Austin. Ironically, Mr 
Selboume taught him and 
even gave Mr Austin a ref- 
erence to enable him to start 
his studies in politics, philos- 
ophy and economics at St 
Peter’s ibis term. 

Mr Austin accused Mr 
Selboume of “scabbing” by 
writing the article in The 
Times and helped to organize 
the boycott which left the 
lecturer with empty rooms 
during the summer term. 

Mr Austin saidi“SeIbourne 
offended people’s sensibilities 
by writing in The Times. 

“Academic freedom is an 
important issue but so is the 
feeling of people who come to 
Ruskin with strong trade 
union convictions and who 
take il very personally when 
one of the lecturers writes in a 
newspaper which is the sub- 
ject of trade union action.” 

Mr Austin called on Mr 
Selboume to “repent or 
resign”. In fact, Mr Selboume 
has left the college claiming 
that it has repudiated his 
contract by making conditions 
for his teaching intolerable. 

The controversy has raised 
questions of the academic 
standing of Ruskin College. 

Ruskin College, Oxford (top), Mr Andrew Adonis (above 
left) and Mr David Selboume, the Ruskin lecturer at the 
centre of an argument over academic freedom. 

waste site 

By Angefia Johnson. 

A waste disposal company 
( has been criticized for 
“imperfections” in its manage- 
ment of an asbestos waste 
dump in Hertfordshire. 

A report calls for big 
improvements in health and 
safety at the toxic waste site 
run by Cleanaway (UK) at 
Broxbouroebury Park Quarry, 
Cock Lane, Hoddesdon. 
These are necessary, the re- 
port states, if the company is 
to continue dumping asbestos 
waste af the pit. 

The 1 1 recommendations 
include tighter security to stop 
children climbing into the 
quarry and playing on the 
asbestos waste; soaking the 
waste and the tipping area 
with water before the waste is 
discharged; regular inspec- 
tions by council officials; a 
thorough cleaning of lorries 
before they leave the site; 
improved supervision of the 
operation and a comprehen- 
sive monitoring system. 

Hertfordshire County 
Council commissioned the 
£4£09 report in September 
after a public protest against 
the dumping of 100,000 tonnes 
of asbestos-contaminated 
building rubble near a special 
school and a large housing 

The reports by Dr John 
Cook, an independent consul- 
tant scientist at Harwell Lab- 
oratories in Oxfordshire, said 
thatthe site ms no danger to 
public health if the improve- 
ments were made. 

The report will be consid- 
ered at a special' council 
planning meeting on October 

Cleanaway, of Brentwood, 
Essex, has voluntarily stopped 
die movement of asbestos 
waste to the site until the 
p lanning committe niaites its 
decision. So tor about 35,000 
tonnes of the waste have been 
buried at the dump. 

Local buses: 1 

Roads opened up 
to competition 
in radical reform 

A week from nowthe Transport Act 1985 will come into 
effect, and competition is intended to sweep through lo- 
cal bus services. But will il? Rodney Cowton, Transport 
Correspondent, considers the prospects 

Britain’s local bus services, 
outside London, on which 
over four billion passenger 
journeys are made each year, 
next Sunday begin their most 
radical shake-up for 50 years. 

It is hoped that it will 
reverse the trend which bas 
seen the bus share of total 
travel toll from 39 percent to 8 
per cent over the past 30 years. 

Until now there has been 
virtually no competition on 
bus routes because any change 
of route or challenge to an 
existing operator had to be 
specifically approved, usually 
against the opposition of the 
operator. In practice applica- 
tions were generally rejected. 

But from October 26 com- 
petition is to be encouraged, 
and after a three-month initial 
period any bus-owner who can 
meet safety requirements will 
be able to operate on any route 
'he chooses. 

That is the date on which 
the bus-regulation provisions 
of the 1985 Traffic Act take 
effect. These are designed to 
improve services to travellers 
and to reduce the £500 million 
subsidies which are paid on 
unprofitable services. 

Local bus services are di- 
vided into two groups, those 
that are profitable and those 
that are subsidized 

As part of a process of 
phasing in competition, those 
who wanted to operate profit- 
able routes from next Sunday 
had to register their plans by 
the end of last February, and 
1,500 operators, including 
about 200 new ones, did so. 

The Department of Trans- 
port estimates that those plans 

accounted for about 70 per 
cent of all existing routes. The 
remainder of the routes are the 
subsidized ones. 

All summer prospective op- 
erators have been bidding for 
subsidies for operating 
particular routes, with the 
local authorities, who win pay 
the subsidy generally award- 
ing the contract to the op- 
erator who sought the lowest 

Operators have known for 
eight months which of the 
profitable, or registered routes 
they would be working, but 
decision-taking on the sub- 
sidized routes has been 
continuing right up to the last 

Although in Glasgow, where 
operators jumped the gun by 
starting their services some 
weeks ago. there have been 
queues of competing buses on 
central roads, the general im- 
pression in the industry is that 
in most places the impact of 
competition initially will not 
be dramatic. 

The shire counties are said 
to be finding that they are able 
to negotiate services on the 
basis of subsidies that are up 
to 25 per cent less than they 
had expected. 

The experience of the pas- 
senger transport executives in 
the large conurbations is more 
varied, with subsidy reduc- 
tions said to be varying be- 
tween about 10 and 50 per 
cent. Mr John Moore, Sec- 
retary of State for Transport, 
claimed on Friday that the 
savings to ratepayers would be 

Tomorrow : All change 


Editor ‘wrong’ to 
give in to pressure 

Mr Donald Trelford, editor 
of TheOhserrer, was wrong to 
give in to a demand by prim 
workers not to publish a book 
review by Mr Bernard Levin, 
the Press Council said 

It upheld a complaint by Mr 
Ronald Spark, of The’ 
Rotyngs, Rotringdeao. Brigh- 
ton, that it was improper of 
the editor of The Observer to 
suppress the review. 

Print workers at The Ob- 
server had refused to produce 
the newspaper if the editor 
tried to print the review by Mr 
Levin of a biography of 
Augustus Hare, a Victorian 

They objected to his review 
because Mr Levin also worked 
for The Times with which 
their union. The National 
Graphical Association, was in 

Mr Trelford said there was 
no question in his mind or the 
management's that the ma- 
chine room chapel coukl be 
persuaded to drop its ban on 
Mr Levin. That was the 
weekend of bitter clashes on 
the picket line at Wapping. 
where The Times was printed. 

The editor understood the 
print workers’ position. He 
knew, too. as he told the Press 
Council, that because his own 
newspaper would shortly an- 
nounce its own new priming 
arrangements good relations 
with its printers were particu- 
larly necessary at that time. 

The loss of revenue if The 
Observer toiled to appear that 
week would be more than 
£700.000. „ . . 

The Press Council in its 
adjudication said, it was 
understandable that Mr 
Trelford should decide that 

his duty was to bring the paper 

The Press Council, how- 
ever, believed that decision 
was wrong. It reiterated its 
view that the freedom of the 
press depended essentially on 
the right of an editor to 
exercise an unfettered and 
independent discretion about 
what he should or should not 

Il believed that when an 
editor bowed to pressure or 
threats from any source, he 
weakened the position of any 
editor of any newspaper who 
might face such a threat. 

The Press Council under- 
stood the problem an editor 
freed at a critical time when 
his choice was between 
removing matter which in his 
judgement should appear in 
his paper or risking that his 
paper would not appear at alL 
It believed, however, that the 
principle of press freedom 
required an editor in those 
circumstances not to yield to 
the demand to remove matter 
from his paper despite the 
consequent cost, and that he 
should be supported by his 

The complaint against The 
Observer was upheld. 

• It was not unreasonable 
or improper for two col- 
umnists of The Sunday Tele- 
graph to describe the 
Westland helicopter company 
as “insignificant” and “pint- 
sized" in the context of the 
political issue they were 
^iymgdng , the Press Council 
said. . ^ 

It rejected a complaint by 
Mr L Harris, a former West- 
land employee, of Grosvenor 
Road, St Albans, Hertford- 

Reforms to ease court 
reporting are sought 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Newspaper editors are to cases of chiM battering or even 

- ■ death cannot be identified. 

The guild maintains that a 
number of these orders are not 

valid according to legal advice 
it has * 

ask the Home Office to take 
action over court practices 
which are rest riding free 
reporting of trials. 

Al a meeting with Mr David 
Mellor. Minister of State at 
the Home Office. »mom>w, 
the Guild of British News- 
paper Editors will table a 
Tshoomns list” of reforms, 

. fa particular they want ac- 
tion ok 

• Courts withholding the 
(eternities of dead children; 
•Coroners holding inquests 
without notifying d* P**ss: 

• Crown courts tolling to 

„ obtained, and in a 
number of cases newspapers 
have persuaded magistrates to 
rescind the orders made. 

The editors also want the 
Home Office to insist that 
venues and ti mes of cor oners' 
inquests be given to the press 
in advance. 

Editors also want artfon 
over some crown courts which 
toil to release the addresses of 
defendants. As a result some 

• Down courts toiling «> S£s*re not reported because 
release the addresses of defen- £ nSU 0 { c j eill identifying detail 

dana;*ad is available. 

•Judges not giving guidance 

on identifying rapists. 

The guild s particularly 
iocoo to stop what it sees astne 
increasing mipy of the Cmi- 
SSm?Young Persons Act 
1933 to protect the identity of 

The provisions of the An 

give courts a discretionary they want the Home Office 
power to make oeden oanmtre guidelines in us 

pdbNcatiw Of detaOs which forthcoming Criminal Justice 
may identify a child. — - — 

Finally, editors are con- 
cerned about identifying rap- 
ists. Where the defendant is 
the victim's husband, should 
he he named but the relation- 
ship Obscured; or should he 
continue to have the privilege 
of anonymity? 

But in the absence of any 
from the Home Of* 

__ or Lord Chancellor's 
Department, courts are 
imposing orders with the. ef- 
fect that defendants in some 

Bin that might prevent one 
newspaper from acting dii- 
ferently from another. The 
Government has already 
promised to remove defen- 
dants’ anonymity in rape cases 

f&kff/ * -S 
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• • ,\ • 

V- Sv.-S- 


Lotus unleash their fastest road car yet 
The new Esprit Turbo HC. It marks the debut of 
the latest development from Hethel - a high compres- 
sion Turbo. A former refinement of the already potent 
2.2 *:tre erz'ne. -’t endows the Esprit with even more 

215 cbp in fact- So 0-60 mph lime is down 
to 2 crackme 5.3 seconds.' raster than the Porsche 

9z85 or 944 Turbo and leaving even the Ferrari 328GTB 

Of course, figures tell but pan of the story. The real 
exhiliration lies in the combination of extra power ar.d 
the acclaimed qualities of the Esprit's race-bred handling. 
And there’s only one way to measure that. 

A test drive. Quickest to phone 0953 603000 
gets to be first in line. 





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Mass expulsion 
after drug arrests 

Fans (AFP) — France has expelled JOI Malians, three- 
quarters of them arrested for drug smuggling, border police 

They said the total included Malians who had 
refused to leave the country after being formally expelled 
by French courts. Further expulsions would follow, the 
police added. 

The Malians were driven to Orly airport in police vans 
and put on a plane chartered by the French Interior 
Ministry and bound for Bamako, the Malian capital. 

Witnesses said several of the Malians were forcibly 
taken aboard after protesting that they would be victims of 
repression If they returned to Mali. 

Mens Bill backed 

Washington — The most far-reaching revision of United 
States immigration laws in 20 years has received final 
Congressional approval and will be signed into law by 
President Reagan (Christopher Thomas writes). 

The landmark legislation, already approved by the 
House of Representatives, was approved by the Senate by 
63 votes to 24. It prohibits the hiring of illegal aliens and 
gives amnesty to millions of illegal immigrants who have 
lived continuously in the US since before January L, 1982. 

Ershad Killers 

sets date in hiding 

Dhaka — General Hus- 
sain Muhammad Ershad, 
who had a landslide elec- 
tion victory last week, will 
be sworn in as the country's 
third directly-elected presi- 
dent on Wednesday, of- 
ficial sources said (Ahmed 
Fazl writes). 

Aides said most mem- 
bers of the 25-member 
council of ministers would 
be retained, with three 
ministers appointed from 
among independent MPs. 

Bonn — West German 
security men hunting the 
terrorist killers of a senior 
foreign ministry official be- 
lieve they may have gone 
into hiding in Belgium or 
The Netherlands (John 
England writes). 

The federal criminal bu- 
reau has named a married 
ample, both aged 30, as 
prime suspects in the mur- 
der of Dr Gerold von 
Bnuuurahl aged 51, out- 
side his Bonn home. 

Tanker toll rises 

Abu Dhabi (Renter) — The charred bodies of Ove more crew 
members of the Panama-flag tanker Five Brooks, which 
was attacked by Iran in the Strait of Hormuz on Thursday, 
have been found in the ship. Shipping sources said that the 
dicsovery brought the confirmed death toll to 10. 

The number of deaths is the worst on a civilian ship 
caught np in the Gulf War since 16 died in the tanker 
Azarpad, which was destroyed in an Iraqi air raid on Sirri 
Island oil terminal in August The Five Brooks victims 
were all from Pakistan or the Maldives. 

Summit offer 
forces Nato to 
ponder nuclear 
balance issue 

From Frederick Boimart, Brussels 

The nuclear balance in 
Europe will be the main 
concern of Nato's defence 
ministers meeting at Glen- 
eagles tomorrow and 

-They will consider the 
significance of the solution 
proposed at the Reykjavik 
summit of a complete with- 
drawal of all intermediate- 
cangs nuclear forces (INF) 
from Europe and their reduc- 
tion to 100 warheads each in 
Soviet Asia and the United 

All defence ministers of the 
Nato member countries, ex- 
cept Iceland and France, 
participate in this regular six- 
monthly meeting of the 
nuclear planning group. 

General Bernard Rogers, 
Supreme Allied Commander. 
Europe, the other two major 
Nato commanders, as well as 
the chiefs of defence staffs and 
the chairman of the Nato 
military committee, will also 
be present. Attendance ax this 
highly secret gathering is re- 
stricted, and to enable partici- 
pants to exchange ideas freely 
no records are kept. 

Mr Caspar Weinberger, the 
US Secretary of Defence, will 
brief his colleagues about the 
summit, a senior Nato official 
said, as well as about the 
Geneva arms control nego- 

“The Europeans are very 
interested in an INF agree- 
ment, but its conclusion must 
not create new instability from 
missiles of shorter range,'’ a 
senior European diplomat at 
Nato said. 

He was referring to new, 
highly mobile SS 21, SS 22 

and SS 23 missiles which can 
hit Western Europe from East 
Germany. Czechoslovakia 
and the western Soviet Union. 

General Rogers, who was 
reported to have protested to 
Mr Weinberger about inad- 
equate consultation concern- 
ing the proposed INF 
agreement said last week that 
if a zero solution were reached 
with the longer-range missiles, 
“that needed to be coupled 
with an attempt to strike a 
balance on conventional 
forces as weD as on shorter- 
range INF forces". 

He will give a progress 
report to the Gleneagles meet- 
ing on the reduction of the 
nuclear stockpile in Europe. 
The nuclear planning group 
meeting at Montebello in 1983 
had decided to reduce it from 


All Nike/H ercuies nuclear 
air defence missiles and man- 
portable atomic , demolition 
munitions have been phased- 
ouL “The stockpile is ax its 
lowest level for 20 years and 
will continue to go down." the 
Nato official said. 

Mr Jim Wright (Democrat-Teas), bolding 
a whispered conversation with the Speaker of 
the US Hoase of Reptesentives, Mr Thomas 
“Tip" O’Neill, daring a Democratic press 

After 10 tnrbakrtf years in one of the hottest 
seats in Americas politics, the Speaker has 
retiretLAs the final House session ended, he 
hanged the gavel for order, without result, as 
members of both parties spontaneously began 
tppim; and cheering (Christopher Thomas 
writes man Washington). 

Mr O'NdB, aged 73, has been a member of 
Congress for 34 yens. Tributes flowed in fbr 
him but he made it dear that bis farewell was 
to he as simple as possible. 

Mr Thomas Foley, the Democrati c Whip fa 
the House, said Mr O'Netil bad transfwmed 
the speakership into **» truly national office . 

One of the recurring tributes was that tnejoh 
haH got changed him: he remained rooted n 

his working-class origins. 

D0UT5 ago. OUnrc wewwcw muws >» — 

pictures and they had their children win them. 

And 1 had Republicans coming fa and I hardly 
knew some of them. 

“I leave with no rancour in 
one. 1 will always be a man 

heart for auy- 
the House of 

Weinberger denies general’s Reykjavik claim 

From Peter Nichols 

Mr Caspar Weinberger, the 
US Defence Secretary, on 
Saturday refuted claims by a 
Nato genera] who claimed to 
have been inadequately con- 
sulted on the Reykjavik sum- 

He answered accusations 
made by General Ha ns- Jo- 
achim Mack in the name of 
General Bernard Rogers, the 

Supreme Alfred Commander, 
last week. Mr Weinberger said 
“complete consultations" had 
taken place and that the views 
pm by President Reagan to Mr 
Gorbachov at Reykjavik were 
not incompatible with the 
view of General Rogers, be- 
cause the President's main 
point was the need for a bal- 
anced defence. 

He said the same ideas bad 
been put forward at Reykjavik 
as were beard at every Nato 

meeting. Lord Carrington, the 
Secretary-Genera) of Nato, 
will no doubt be underlining 
much the same point in his 
visit here, which begins today. 

Mr Weinberger saw Presi- 
dent Cossiga of Italy on 
Saturday and spent several 
hours talking to Signor 
Betti no Craxi. the Prime Min- 
ister. and Senator Giovanni 
Spadolinx. the Minister for 
Defence. Mr Weinberger 
looked tired, which was said to 

be due to stomach upsets 
which he and other members 
of his delegation bad been 
suffering after stops in India 
and Pakistan. 

An official spokesman an- 
swered questions on the sub- 
ject with a “no comment", on 
the grounds that a statement 
might be taken to reflect badly 
on Pakistani cooking. Mr 
Weinberger spent Sunday in 
Tuscany with Senator 

Ovfl War 

Star Wars 

Frew RkSmtf Vfo*. 


More than 800 veteraasof 
the IntemtttoMi kipdei 
who fought id the Sfiaoh 
Civil War joined the Sfer 
Wars controversy yc ttmfey 
bv supporting t raofatJoa 
that today's woridu as 
need by mtckarvsnsoo aad 
i be US Strategic Defence £ru- 
iaiivc as it was fay totahtariao- 
ism half a century ago. 

The veterans motived an 
emotional iffetOB ftoafoe 
people of Madrid, many, of 

them filled with memories of 
the shared strogtie. , 

The largest c omin g em frop 
24 nations ft foe-foWMfcy 
gathering was from foe United 
States Lincoln B ri gad e , num- 
bering 3 25 with ftmttiet. Tte 
Soviet Union sem ?* ferae- 
Bngu&us. officially beaded 
by a Soviet Army general 
The veteran* exp ressed 
their approval fomgWwifo 
some surprise, of now wait 
today's Spanish d e mo crac y la 

But they aiso launched, la a 
resolution read by Antonio 
Gades. the dancer in tte Jan 
Carmen, the message that 
today is menaced by nuclear 
weapons and Star Ware. 

Madrid's Congress Haft, the 
site a few years ago of the 35- 
oation European Security 
Conference, was crowded with 
Madnlenos of AH ages. Tte 
elderly veterans received fre- 
quent applause. 

The decision by the socialist 
Government last July, on the 
50th anniversary offoe start of 
The Civil War. not to bold 
official ceremonies effectively 
left organizing Madrid's trib- 
ute in the hands of Spain's 
Communist Party. 

Mr Bobby Walker, aged 73. 
a Scot twice wounded during 
his 19 months m Spain, said 
that the Spanish people's fight 
had offered hope for democ- 
racy in the darkening Europe 
of the 1930s. 



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Saturday, Sunday 



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Black families refuse to be moved 

Fate of 10,000 will test the 
sincerity of Pretoria pledge 

From Michael Hornsby, Brits* Transvaal 

More than 1.000 residents 
or the black shanty settlement 
outside this industrial town in 
the western Transvaal met in a 
church hall yesterday and 
resolved to resist a {dan to re- 
locate them 12 miles away. 

Those attending the meet- 
ing represented the great 
majority of 1,400 families — 
about 10.000 people — still 
living in the 55-year-old settle- 
mem. simply known as the 
Old Location, which the Gov- 
ernment wants to demolish 
and then redevelop as a 
whites-only suburb. 

More than a year and a half 
ago. the Government an- 
nounced that all forced re- 
movals were to be stopped, 
and the fete of the Old 
Location is seen as the first 
serious test of the sincerity of 
that pledge. 

“It was a good meeting. The 
spirit of the people is very 
high. 1 believe we are going to 
try to explore every avenue to 
stay here " said Mr Marshall 
Buys, a member of the “action 
committee" co-ordinating re- 
sistance to the removal who 
added that their first action 
would be a “stayaway" from 
wort: in Brits on Wednesday. 
"The whole of Brits industry 
will be dead,” he said 

Another member of the 
committee, Mr Simon Sepeng, 
who used to work at the Aim 
Romeo car factory in Brits 

until it closed down, s&kk “I 
can say for sure I am not going 
to Letblabilc. I can go there 
dead, maybe:" 

Leth labile is filename of the 
resettlement site where the 
authorities have erected hun- 
dreds of shiny tin shacks in the 
open veld. Some 5.000 of the 
15.000 people originally living 
at the Old Location were 
persuaded to move there last 
December and January. 

The new settlement is on 
the border of the nominally 
“independent" Bophutba- 
tswana tribal homeland. 

One reason for not wanting 
to go there is the fear that it 
could eventually be incor- 
porated into Bophuthatswana 
and that its inhabitants would 
then lose their South African 

The Minister of Constitu- 
tional Development and Plan- 
ning. Mr Chris Heunis, 
contends that the Old Loca- 
tion is a slum and ntJeds to be 
demolished for reasons of 
hygiene. It would be too 
expensive, he maintains, to 
upgrade the housing and facil- 
ities' to an acceptable standard. 

The Old Location is cer- 
tainly a rough place, largely 
because of deliberate govern- 
ment neglect. No house of 
bricks and mortar has been 
built there since the 1930s. 
There is no drainage, no 
electricity, no tarred roads and 
no street lighting. There are 

bucket latrines, emptied twice 

Those who left in December 
and January were mostly 
wealthier residents who were 
paid financial compensation 
by the Government for their 
brick homes, which were 
demoVishedby the authorities 
to prevent squatting. 

The plots of several of these 
demolished homes have been 
tinned, by foe remaining res* . 
ktents, into memorial parts* 
in which gailyjiainicd lorry 
tyres serve as seats. 

Visible on a rocky hitt 
overlooking the Old Location 
is what many consider the real 
reason for the Government's 
wish to remove them: the neat 
houses and well-watered gar- 
dens of Ebndsnmd. a wcfl-io- 
do white suburb of Brits. 

“It is better that they should 
go." an Afrikaans-speaking 

resident of Bandsrend said 
yesterday, waving a hand in 
the direction of the black 
settlement. Did the blacks 
cause trouble ? "Not real 
trouble." he conceded. “But at 
weekends there are drinking 
parties and a lot. of noise." 

The Brits constituency has 
become marginal for the Gov- 
ernment and in the next 
general election could felt to 
the extreme right-wing 
Conservative Party of Dr 
Andries Trcurnich’t, which 
wants apartheid rigidly 

Shell threatens to withdraw 

Disinvestment moves by 
leading multinational compa- 
nies operating In Sooth Africa 
appeared to be intensifying at 
the weekend after a warning 
by Royal Dutch Shell the big- 
gest foreign oil company in 
Sooth Africa, that it would 
pull out unless the Govern- 
ment speeds np race reforms. 

Shell's chief executive is 
Sooth Africa. Mr John Wil- 
son. said there were no hn- 
mediate plans for withdrawal 
but the company was coming 
under tremendous pressure to 
do so. 

He said: “If the bottom line 
of Royal Dutch Shell is ad- 
versely affected international- 
ly the shareholders wflj have 
to reconsider their position.” 

Shell's warning was front- 
page news in South African 
newspapers yesterday, bat was 

not reported by the state- 
controlled South African 
Broadcasting Corporation. 

The Johannesburg Sunday 

From Ray Kennedy. Johannesburg 

Times, under a banner head- 
line “Shell shock", said: “Any 
move by Shell to ran down its 
operations would be a heavy 
. . j,| ow to Sooth 

It was reported that General 
Motors, which employs 3,000 
people at its plant hi Port 
Elizabeth, is on the- verge of 
selling off its South African 
operation to individuals, which 
will mean that its prod nets will 
be sold under another guise. 

A noth e r American com- 
pany, Warner. Brothers Re- 
cord Corporation, was also 
said to be dose to selling its 
Sooth African interests to its 
Johannesburg-based associ- 
ate, WEA Records. It has a 30 
per cent share of the local 
market and 60 per cent of its 
staff is black. 

.Shell employs 2300 people 
directly id Sooth Africa - half 
of them black- and thousands 
more indirectly in hundreds of 
Shell service stations. 

_ Its annual sales are es- 
timated at 13 billion rands 
(£737 million), genera ti ng 
profits of about 200 mSfeo 

It also has oil refiafeg, 
marketing and coal and chemf 
cal interests, as wdQ as a 80 
percent Interest - with British 
Petroleum — in a lfr million 
tons a year refinery fo Durban 

Ever since the Oltee cow* 
tiws imposed a ban on saks to 
Sooth Africa in the nrid-)9?0s. 
Shell has been accused by la* 
tenu tional lobbies of openly 

floating the embargo. 

The controversy over foe 
deab with South Africa cam* 
to a peak in 1979 when a U- 
feriftHwned tanker, foe S» 
wm, under contract to SbeH 
secretly unloaded * cwgoof oU 
at Durban before bting sotf- 
t!ed m the South Atlantic. 

Leading article, pago 21 

‘Problems remain’ on 

From A Correspondent 

Leaders of Mr Robert 
Mugabe's ruling Zanu (PF) 
and Mr Joshua Nkomo's op- 
position Zapu parties have yet 
to iron outseveral outstanding 
problems before concluding 
an accord on unity. Mr Joseph 
Msika. the Zapu vice-presi- 
dent. said yesterday. 

Mr Msika. who did not 

identify the remaining diffi- 
culties. told The Times that 
agreements reached were “a 
hide bit premature and 
exaggerated". There had been 
no further unity talks and no 
meetings between the party 
heads since the Non-Aligned 
Movement meeting in Harare 
seven weeks ago. he said. 

It was announced on the eve 
of that meeting that a unity 
accord was imminent, leading 



1)1 t'r a 

to foe inaguration by cosset* . 

° r ^one-party state, 

Mr Msika said he did: pot. 
know when talks would it* • % 

some. Mr Mugabe « « > 
private vtat to Bmafo. : . . 

Speculation about a fifed - 
rosoncihation was fenftcdhy a - 
weekend speech by the Ms* c .. . 
*tcr of Information, Dr jGh 

m ? Ui ‘ arirs * mi" : 

«r Muwfod would, arnom* 
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Corruption allegations 
as Australia’s ‘deep 
north’ election begins 



no mood 
to leave 

From Stephen Taylor, Sydney 

,ISi C ^?^ , CarT lP ai & n A recent ontnion nnll 

From Keith Dalton 


control of Queensland tK« i ■ 5 ec ? 01 Q P^ n >00 poll destroying Australia, accused 

v„T^K lh31 ,^ percenl of Canb^of^ing^pponto 
twined in SSarnS voieij thought he was too old “terrorist groups”. 
wthahcgaiionsofcoSipriOT iffc* 85 h? 0 Labor’s campaign managers 

against the RovomiSf 5??“??^ t0 b ? ,I * ve have decided that it might be a 

«*■ Rovemmcni of Sri 

.Job ^jclktsPelcrscn. 

Sir Job. the flamboyant and 
; durable state premier, will be 
aeckinga new mandate on No* 
vetnber ! after IS vears of 
arch*conser\-3tive rule. 

It had been apparent that a 
: wniff of scandal which has 
attached to his National Party 

• administration in recent 
. -months was likely to make 

mis his toughest campaign yeL 
"Fba* W3S confirmed when the 
Labor opposition bunched its 
campaign in Brisbane 

Mr Neville Warbunon, the 
- Labor leader, called for “a new 
broom to sweep away the ac* 
cumulated dirt, to clean away 
the cobwebs of corruption that 
now envelop this govern- 
ment”. National Party admin- 
istration had been guilty of 
greed, cronyism and nepot- 
ism, he said. The major 
growth industries in Queens- 
land had been the drugs trade, 

• tax avoidance, bankruptcies 
and secrecy. 

Along with clean govern- 
ment. what is liable now to be- 
come an acrimonious cam- 
, p&ign is going to focus on the 
age of Sir Joh, who is 75. 

there is now a real chance of 
removing from office a man 
who is arguably the most 
immediately recognized ftjpire 
in Australian public life after 
Mr Bob Hawke, die Prime 

Not that there is any mu tual 
regard between the two men. 
Mr Hawke last month describ- 
ed the premier as “sick and 
demented”, after Sir Joh, in a 
characteristic sally against the 
socialists who he says are 

y<* ffi r t 

1 >^- s! ■ ' ■> jb i 

Sir Joh Bjelie-Petersen: 18 
years of conservative rule. 

Peru’s guerrilla war 

Shining Path sets 
sights on south 

From A Correspondent, Lima 

President Garcia of Peru’s 
chances of snuffing out a six- 
year-old Andean insurgency' 
_ wd by the Sendero Lurainoso 
(Shining Path) Maoist 
organization hinges partially 
on how successfully his 
government can prevent the 
spread of subversive violence 
on the bleak plateau of Puno, 
in the far south of the country. 

Last week police uncovered 
what they claimed to be an 
assassination attempt against 
Sefior Garcia, who was sched- 
uled to visit Puno. A peasant 
woman carrying 34 sticks of 
dynamite was arrested in 
JuJraca, near the departmental 
capital of Puno, just before the 
presidential visit. 

I Although police may have 
exaggerated the threat to the 
President's life, 'there is no 
doubt that Shining Path has 
picked Puno as a major the- 
atre of operations. 

Most of the department of 
Puno lies 13.000 ft above sea 
level around Lake Titicaca, 
near the Bolivian frontier. It is 
among the most backward re- 
gions in the country, surviving 
on subsistence farming and 
cattle-raising, handicrafts and 

The region was ravaged in 
1483-84 by the worst drought 
this century, followed by 
torrential rains and flooding 
this year. 

Shining Path's stronghold 
for the past six yean las been 
the south-central Andean 
mountains of Ayacucho, half- 
way between Puno and Lima. 
More than 9.000 people have 
died iii the conflict. .Although 
Shining Path cadres have been 
in the Puno region since 1982, 
Ihnr actions were sporadic. 

Since Sehor Garcia took 
office in mid-1985 their opera- 
tions began repeating the pat- 
ients which characterized 
their tactics in Ayacucho. 

peasant communities. Local 
authorities were harassed or. 

Although army garrisons in 
the region have been reinforc- 
ed. the Government has not 
declared a state of emergency 
in Puno. which would allow 
the military to intervene 
against the guerrillas. 

The key issue is land re- 
form. A complex alliance be- 
tween the local Catholic 
Church, radical Marxist par- 
ties (not associated with Shin- ; 
ing Path) and peasant ] 
organizations is pushing for 


1 Ayiujucbo L*ka 

V PERU rae \ ir 

JkAacaO 1 

^•A tones 

f -OCEAN. ■ 

Roving guenrilla bands be- 
in raiding isolated settie- 

gaq raiding isolated seiue- 
menis. police stations and 

massive land redistribution. 
Land invasions, some in- 
stigated by Shining Path, have 
already taken place. 

President Garria has prom- 
ised the redistribution of 1.85 
million acres to 400 peasant 
communities, affecting 43 
farm co-operatives. The orig- 
inal land reform fegislastion, 
dating tack to 1969, merely 
passed ownership from large 
landlords to former workers 
without adequately incor- 
porating the communities. 

But the local hierarchs of 
Senor Garcia’s party, Apra, 
are dragging their feet because 
they are dosdy associated 
with co-operatives’ manage- 
ments and former owners. 

The latest increase in 
subversive violence comes 
just a few weeks before 
municipal elections to be held 
on November 9. Shining Path ■ 
is violently opposed to elec- 
toral politics and has tra- 
ditionally mounted offensives 
to disrupt voting. 

Ortega appeal to UN 
over aid to Contras 

Managua (Reuter) - Presi- 
de™ Ortega of Nicaragua 
called yesterday for an urgent 
meeting of the UN Security 
Council following final ap- 
proval by the United States of 
new aid to rebels fighting his 
left-wing Government. 

- Sefior Onega told a news 
conference that President 
Reagan's signing into law 
yesterday of the 5100 million 

(£68 million} aid Bill was a 
"criminal" act that nsked 
involving US troops in all-out 
war in Central America. . 

it made the American Presi- 
dent an international outlaw, 
since it defied the wwid 
Own. which had ruled mat 
Washington's support for 
Contra rebels was illegal. 
Nicaragua was seeking the 

UN Security Council meeting 
“to remind the US of the 
obligation ii has as a signatory 
to the UN Charter and of the 
respect that is due to the 
World Court” in The Hague. 

Senor Ortega warned that 
any Americans venturing into 
Nicaragua risked the fete of 
two US fliers killed this month 
when their C 130 rebel supply 
plane was shot down by a 
Sandinista surface-to-air 

“Everyone here must, be 
prepared so we can continue 
defeating the mercenaries and 
continue shooting down their 
planes.” he said.. 

The sole survivor Mr Eu- 
gene Hasenfus, aged 45, an 
American, is to face charges of 
ferrying arms to the rebels. 

*»W** •* ’ 

$ e*ar Ortega la animated mood as 

Council debate to condemn President Reagan- 

"terronst groups . 

Labor's campaign managers 
have decided that it might be a 
bit risky to expose Mr Hawke 
again to the profoundly con- 
servative Queensland elector- 
ate, so the task of federal 
cheer-leader was entrusted to 
Mr Bfll Hayden, the Foreign 
Minister, who is a Queens- 

At yesterday's campaign 
launch, Mr Hayden made a 
few references to cronies of Sir 
Joh who bad done well odl of 
the association. They were 
discreet references, as the 
Premier has been quick of late 
to resort to litigation when his 
integrity has been impugned. 

One victim was Mr Alan 
Bond, the brewery magnate 
who reached an out-ofcourt 
settlement of $Aus400,000 
(£181,000) recently over an 
alleged libel of the premier by 
a television station owned by 
Mr Bond. 

Despite indications that 
support for Sir Joh is slipping, 
and that Labor has its best 
chance in years, an outright 
victory for Mr Warburton 
looks an outside possibility. 

The vote will be further split 
by a third party, the Liberals. 
The most probable outcome is 
that none of the three win 
have an overall majority. 

Mr Joan Ponce Emile, the 
Philippines Defence Minister, 
who - is seeking a tough ap- 
proach to rnmmimigf fnSBT- 
gents, yesterday said that if 
President Aquino asked for 
his resignation the whole Gov- 
ernment should be dissolved. 

His statement, on a radio 
phone-in programme, co- 
incided with the resumption of 
secret peace talks between the 
Government and rebels, which 
were suspended last month 
following the capture of Mr 
Rodolfo Salas, the alleged 
former chairman of foe oat-, 
la wed Communist Party. 

The Communist negotiators 
believe the capture was en- 
gineered by foe military to 
scuttle a possible break- 
through in the talks 

A listener, who telephoned 
foe programme to ask for his 
response to calls from some 
Cabinet members for his 
resignation, was told by Mr 
EnrSe: “I will think about that 
when the time comes. 

“You know, the Government 
is a coalition Government and 
I think if they ask for foe 
resignation of any member of 
the coaHtion that means the 
coalition win have to be 
dissolved,” he said during the 
two-boor programme in Cebu 
City, 350 mflik south of here. 

te I am creating powerful 
enemies, not only outride foe 

Portugal to 


Jakarta (Reuter) — Portugal 
will boycott a meeting of 
European Community and 
South-East Asian foreign min- 
isters here today because of a 
dispute with Indonesia over 
East Timor, an EEC spokes- 
man confirmed yesterday. 

Liston, which joined the 
Community earlier this year 
along with Spain, does not 
recognize Indonesia’s annex- 
ation 10 years ago of the 
former Portuguese colony. 

Dr Mocbrar 

Kusumaaimadja. the Indo- 
nesian Foreign Minister, said 
on Friday that Jakarta had 
invited Portugal to the 

Two captured Philippine government soldiers chatting with a communist guerrilla, 
ter they, had been freed at Gnmaca, a remote town 90 miles south-east of Mi 

Government but inside the 
Cabinet," be said before join- 
ing about 10,000 people at an 
anti-communist rally. 

The Cebu rally came at foe 
end of his three-day tour of the 
southern and central Phil- 
ippines where, in discussion 
with military officers and sol- 
diers, Mr Emile repeated his 
call for a mailed-list approach 
to foe insurgency and, on one 
occasion, described Mrs* 
Aquino's peace efforts as 
.“simplistic and naive”. 

He told Southern Military 
Command officers in foe 
southern port city of Zam- 
boanga at the weekend: “Be- 

cause of what I am doing 
today, many of my colleagues 
in the Cabinet have been 
asking for my resignation. 

“I would tike to assure you 
that I have in my mind my own 
approach to this problem and 1 
wiJD make a decision in doe 

“That decision wiD be predi- 
cated not on my own personal 
interest, bat what I consider 
foe interest of the people,” he 

He later told foe officers 
“this is my problem, not 
yours” and urged the military 
to remain united and neutral in 

his increasingly public fend 
with the eight-mouth old Gov- 
ernment he helped to install. 

For the first time last week 
Mr E^utle did not attend the 
regular Cabinet meeting, 
called one day after be said 
Mrs Aquino had forfeited foe 
mandate of foe people to 
govern when she abolished the 
Marcos constitntion one 
mouth after taking power. 

The peace talks, from which 
Mr Enrile is excluded, re- 
sumed at an undisclosed place 
in Manila and lasted two 
boors and 45 minutes, a source 
in the government negotiating 
panel said. 

European diplomats here 
said that the other 1 1 commu- 
nity members were exas- 
perated with Lisbon for 
breaking a long-standing pre- 
cedent that bilateral issues 
should not interfere with 
meetings with other regional 

“The Community does not 
like Portugal taking this a la 
carte attitude 10 months after 
coming in.” one diplomat 
said. “We would like them to 
be good Europeans.” 

The two-day meeting will 
discuss ways of stepping up 
European investment in the 
Association of South-East 
Asian Nations, which groups 
Indonesia. Malaysia, Thai- 
land, Singapore, the Phil- 
ippines and Brunei. 

The Bedford Tfeam Astra van 
range gives the driver in you whatyou 
want, while the businessman in you 
gets what is needed. 

The dear appeal 
of this shows with 
the runaway sales 
success of the Astra 

van range. 

This popularity 
is shared by other Bedford vans. The 
combined registrations of Astra, 
Midi, Rascal and CF2 have gained 
Bedford the bigg est sales increase in 
1986 of any manufacturer. * 

Tfeam Astra vans are the most 
j modem, aerodynamicallystyied on 
the street. Their good looks ione 
speak volumes about your business. 

But apart from being street- 
smart they’re street-credible. 

The ‘Good Van Guide* wrote in a 
comparative van test report, “By far 
the best (engine) though just has to 
be Astramax. Its engine is silky, 
pushing forwards smoothly and 
: effortlessly” 

‘Commercial Motor*, in their van 
comparison test, also noted how a 

laden Astra diesel beat similarly laden 
Fbrd Escort and Peugeot 305 GL 
diesel vans, by returning 48-19 mpg. 

In a similar test 
y ^ a foden, petrd- 
/ - 1; ; engined Astramax 
gave 36-25 nqjgover- 
all; the best of the 
bunch. One reason 
; ^ • .js for such good fuel 

J efficiency is the cross- 
flow cylinder head design. 

Loadspace Astra Van Astramax 

Height (max) 34V&T 42" 

Width (max) 53^" 63" 

Length (max) 70" 68" 

‘Good Van Guide’ also had good 
words about driving the Astramax 
“. . . very quiet, very refined, very 
civilised, libu can almost forget you’re 
driving a van” They added, “Astramax 
must become new light vans leader 

with its blend of style, driveability 
f and useful room’! 

Now to get down to carrying: 
capacity, at the business end you 
have a choice of load volumes: 

66-3 cu ft in the Astra, or 82 cu ft in 
the Astramax. 

Uniformly distributed payloads 
are 4 15 kg for the Astra Van with 
365 kg or 560 kg, depending on 
the model, for the 

Note, too, that 
unlike some vans a 
solid bulkhead is 
fitted as standard, 
so is a rear wash/ 
wipe on Astra L 
models. This is now also available for 
Astramax vans. 

Another clever touch, unique to 
Astramax, is the load extension deck 
in place of the passenger seat 

Tb sum up, Bedford’s Tfeam Astra 
vans lead because they're built to eat ' 
up roads as well as loads. 


• Source: SMMT registration data. Light commercial 
vehicles up to 3-5 tonnes; Jan to Sept 1986v 1985. 



Pp V v: 

K'v .\. v / \ . !' , 1 

jifc.-arSA, ■■■", ■■ 



Bedford Commercial \fehides. Division of General Motors Overseas Commercial Vehicle Corporation. P.O. Bax 3. Luton. LU2 OS Y 




Southern Indian politics 

Help for disadvantaged classes 
may cause irreparable damage 

From Michael Hamlyn Delhi 

A political nightmare lor 
two South Indian chief min- 
isters is created fay the policy 
of positive discrimination in 
favour of economically or so- 
cially backward classes, which 
is supposed to help soda! 
integration and remove in- 

Instead, the policies are 
causing riots and political 
disturbances, and may even- 
tually damage the social fabric 
of tfie states beyond repair. 

The policy calls for places to 
be reserved for applicants 
from specified castes or other 
groups in higher education or 
in government employment. 

It has been a cardinal 
principle of Indian social pol- 
icy since the founding of the 
republic, and is seen as a use- 
ful tool in overcoming the pre- 
judices of previous centuries. 

Lately, however, it has be- 
come a way for politically 
powerful groups to buttress 
their own privileged positions, 
encouraged by vote-hungry 

This reservation policy en- 
abled an ambitious Congress 
politician such as Mr Amar- 
sinh So lan kd to put together an 
alliance of low-caste, outcaste 
and Muslim voters which 
gained him victory in state 
elections and carried him to 
the chief minister’s chair. 

But he was thrown out of 

power as a result o f the m ore 
advanced castes starting a 
mighty agitation against his 
policies. The demonstrations 
became increasingly violent 
and turned into a series of 
riots and running battles be- 
tween Muslims and Hindus 

Iu the southern state of 
Andhra Pradesh, Mr N. T. 
Rama Rao, the idiosyncratic, 
ageing film star who occupies 
the chief minister’s chair, 
having created his own politi- 
cal party and swept Congress 
from power early in 1983, ap- 
parently learned no lesson 
from Mr Soiankf s experience. 

In July this year, feeling 
threatened by a Congress 
move to unite the backward 
classes against him, he hastily 
increased reservations in jobs 
and college admissions. 

After his move the number 
of places available to open 
competition fefl to a ludicrous 
29 per cent. The others are 
divided 16 per cent for sched- 
uled castes, the so-called Un- 
touchables or Harijans; 6 per 
cent for scheduled tribes, that 
is the aboriginal inhabitants of 
the Subcontinent; another 6 
per cent for special groups 
such as the handicapped, and 
an astonishing 44 per cent for 
other backward classes, which 
Mr Rama Rao had increased 
from 25 per cent. 

Not unnaturally, the higher 

castes were aghast: an import- 
ant protest began to toll, led 
by a student agitation. But be- 
fore much steam could be gen- 
erated, the Andhra High Court 
struck down the decision as 
unconstitutional, citing a Su- 
preme Cburt decision that 
reservations should never be 
more than SO per cent of avail- 
able places. 

Mr Rama Rao agreed with 
the students not to appeal 
against the High Cburt deci-' 
sion, if they agreed to call off 
their protests. 

But this deal enraged the 
leaders of the backward 
classes, who began a series of 
riots of their own. burning 
rather more than £2 million 
worth of buses in the course of 

In the neighbouring state of 
Karnataka, Mr Ramakrishna 
Hegde, the chief minister from 
the Janata party, has been fac- 
ed with an opposite problem. 

The report of a commission 
headed by a retired civil 
servant recommended that 
reservations for backward 
castes should be reduced from 
49 per cent to 27 per cent and 
called for the removal of a 
large number of castes from 
the list. 

Before Mr Hegde, who ap- 
pointed the commission to 
honour a commitment given 
by the last Congress chief 

minister of the state, could do 
anything, groups of the affect- 
ed castes began calling general 
strikes and burning his effigy. 

One further trouble is that 
the principal caste delisted is 
die numerically powerful' 
Vokkaliga, who form an influ- 
ential group within his own 
party and government 

Mr Hegde has temporized 
by rejecting the commission 
report. But even that has not 
stopped the problem. The Lin- 
gayais. the other politically 
powerful caste, lost the hon- 
our of being known as a back- 
ward caste a decade ago. They 
want the whole issue reopen- 
ed, so that they can claw back 
their privileged position. 

The Vokkaligas and the 
Lingayats between them make 
up nearly 75 per cent of the 
Janata legislature party. 

A big dispute over the 
reservation policy may not 
only destroy the Janata Gov- 
ernment, observers warn, but 
may also rip apart the social 
cohesion of the state itself. 

The Times of India notes: 
‘The irony of it is that the . . . 
report is the result of the first 
serious attempt made in post- 
Independence India to take 
account of the mobility of 
castes and classes and to deter- 
mine ‘backwardness* on the 
basis of actual house-to-house 

Envoy fights for a Romanian bride 

Delhi — Mr Kama- G*f- 
endra Singh, until two years 
ggn the Ambassador in 

Bucharest; is mounting a legal 
challenge to a rule winch bans 
foreign service officers from 
marrying foreigners, so that be 
can marry a Romanian (Oar 
Own Correspondent writes). 

It seems odd that such a rule 
should be enforced in a coun- 
try whose Prime Minister 
married a foreigner — Mrs . 
Rajiv Gandhi was born Sonia 
Maino in Italy — a chief 

minister may be SO Hnlfgd — 

Dr Farooq Abdullah, former 
head of the Kashmir Govern- 
ment, fa married to an 
Englishwoman — and so may 
the governor of a state — Dr 
B. £ Nefaru, who in hb tine 
has been governor of seven 
states, has a Hungarian wife. 

When the nde was not 
zealously enforced many 
slipped under the net, includ- 
ing dre present Indian Ambas- 
sador to Egypt, who has an 
English wife, the Ambassador 
to Norway, a Belgian, the 
ambassadors to Tunisia and 

With a Telex, 

first class is still lip 

A local telex, the length of an average letter still costs a mere lip to send. And further afield in the UK it costs only 32p. 
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Get on in business. Get on theTelex. 

Inna, both with British wives, 
the Ambassador to Ireland, a 
French wife the envoy In 
Coknubfe a Spaniard and in 
the Ptdfippines, an American 
of Chfaese descent. 

“The Government has al- 
ways had reservations about 
its personnel marrying for- 
eigners and about 10 years 
ago, hi Mrs Gandhi's time, It 
was decided ‘that the rale 
weald be strictly applied aid 
permission would no longer be 
said Mr M.K. 

Costs quoted exclude VA7 and are tor a local 3 w, te Orect laHed c<j.» irz- ycjr o -.r. Tele* For *> j -npla content equivalent to an A4 typed letter (200 words). 


in Punjab 

From Hasan Akhtar 

cal patties have been 
in parts of Punjab province. 
Miss Benazir Bhutto, the lead- 
er of the Pakistan People’s 
Parly, has already announced 
she would defy any ban on 
public meetings or proces- 
sions. ... 

It is apparent that the ban is 
intended to check the wel- 
come Miss Bhutto has been 
receiving from supporters 
whenever she visits Punjab or 
the interior of Sind. 

Meanwhile, although a 
judge in Rawalpindi accepted 
a bail application at the week- 
end, Mr Ghul^m Mustafa 
Khar, a former governor of 
Punjab, bad still , not been 
freedfiom a jail in Fa is ala h ad. 
in Punjab yesterday. 

Mr Khar . bad. applied fin* 
release on bait after being 
arrested in connection with a 
case in which an opposition 
rally in Rawalpindi was fired 
on in 1973. But Mr Khar is 
also being held for fading to 
appear before a mflitaiy court 
some years ago during nearly 
nine years in self-imposed 

Once described as the politi- 
cal heir of Zulfikar All Bhutto, 
the executed former prime 
minister, Mr Khar has now 
joined a new political party, 
with Mr Ghnlam Mustafa Ja- 
toi of Sind, in opposition to 
Miss Bhutto. 

fate of 
Sri Lanka 

From Vtiitha Yapa 

There are conflicting re; 
ports on . the fate of^two Sn 
Lankan soldiers captured by 
Tamil guerrillas last week and 
held in the Northern Province 
capital of Jaffiia. 

Some reports say that the 
Tamil guerrillas will exchange 
the soldiers for guerrillas who 
are among more than 1,000 
Tamils held in prisons and 
detention camps in the south 
for alleged involvement with 

But General Cyril Ranatun- 
ge, r oTnn l P nf ^ ,1 8 the Joint 
Operations Command, said in 
the slate-controlled Sunday 
Observer. “We are counting on 
the terrorists keeping their 
word about the release of the 
two captured soldiers". 

He said no ransom de- 
mands bad been made, and 
that the terrorists had in- 
formed the Government 
Agent in Jaffiia that the sol- 
diers would be released after 
they recovered from their 

The two solders. Gunner 
P. R. K. Fernando and rifle- 
man K. W. M. Bandara, were 
captured on Monday near 
Mannar in an ambush in 
which nine -soldiers were 
killed. One is said to have a 
broken kg, and the other has 
pleurisy and a slight injury. 

The Government claims 
that 65 guerrillas were killed 
and a large number injured in 
the fighting. 

Meanwhile, the indepen- 
dent The Island newspaper 
reported yesterday that the 
Tamil guerrillas, based in 
Madras, would take pan in the 
next round of talks aimed at a 
negotiated settlement of the 
ethnic problem. ' 

Guerrilla leaders m Madras 
told The Island last week that 
they did not consider the 
current proposals a reasonable 
basis for negotiation- 

The Tamil United Libera- 
tion' Front has expressed 
reservations about Tamil- 
speaking areas of the Eastern 
Province merging' with the 
predominantly Tamil North- 
ern Province, ownership of 
state land in the devolved 
provincial council areas, and 
Parti ment retaining power to 
legislate even oyer matters 
that have been devolved. 

' -It has also ruled out die 
possibility of signing an agree- 
ment with me Sri Lanka 
Government without the In- 
volvement of Tamil guerrilla 
groups.- - " 1 

Political observers say that 
Mr Rajiv Ghandi, die Indian 
Prime Minister, is expected to 
fake some -initiative in the 
crisis when he returns from his 
tour of the Pacific this week. 
Mr J. N. Dixit, India’s High 
Commissioner in Colombo, 
hasgone to Delhi to brief him 
on bis talks with President 

The next meeting between 
Mr Jayewardene and Mr Gan- 
dhi will be in Bangalore in 
India on November 15, when 
both take part in the beads of 
state conference of the South 
Asian Association for Re- 
gional Co-operation. 

Strict security in force 
for Gandhi’s Thai visit 

From NeU Kelly, Bangkok 

Strict security; 

shnflar to those far the visits of. 
the Pape and Mrs Nancy Rear 
mm, were in force when Mr 
Rapv Gandhi, the Prime Min- 
ister of India, arrived yes- 
terday in Bangkok, home of 
20*0W Sikhs. 

Thailand’s national police 
ifakC checked Mr GaudhTs 
hotel soke before his arrival 
and ordered the closure of (he 
hotel's huge car park. 

Some of the Sikhs, many of 
them rich merchants and 
property owners, later met Mr 
GmVHh. The community in 
Bangkok fa believed to have bo 
Huh with wwBtent Sikhs who 
are rfwuHidhg autonomy in 
India. But Thai police were 
worried that extremists might 
fry to enter Thailand while Mr 
Gandhi is. hoe.. Several In- 
dians have been refused entry 
in the past few days. 

Mr Gandhi's visit, the first 
by an TimBmii prime minister, 
has beat-described *s a major 

landmark fa relations between 
the two countries, which have 
never been dose. • 

nnboLari'^neral Prism Tfa- 
subnouda, the Prone Minis- 
ter, Mr Gandhi discussed the 
situation in Cambodia, a sub- 
ject which fa the past has 
strained relation* -between 
Bangkok and Delhi; although 

Mr Si took office. 

India is the. only major 
power outside foe Soviet bloc 
to recognize the' Vietnamese- 
backed Government in Cam- 
bodia, but it no longer opposes 
Thailand’s efforts te find a 
political solution to the war 
tisere,. '. .- 

The two pwB min Bfa anx- 
ious, to increase trade and co- 
operation fa fadnstry, techno- 
logy and science, win sign ag- 
reements dnrfag; the visit to 
'estabfadi joint . laboratories 
and to 

and- scientific i 

Dhaka closes medical colleges 

Dhaka — Police in Bangla- 
desh forced striking students 
to vacate cam buses after all 
nine medical colleges across • 
the country were dosed, to 
head off protests by about 
6,000 medical students de- 
manding government jobs af- 
tergraduation, official sources 

The- Health Minister, Mr 
Salaiutdin Kader Gboudhurv 
closed the colleges for a momh 


ministry sources said the cur. 
rent figure in Bangladesh of 
5,000 unemployed and under- 
employed doctors was rising. „ 

Loneliness is Just one proofem . 

Andt* is a flirty co mm on p robteni far saatacaH away from 
at a tim«. But H is only ana irt the troubles 
to usJ Asa Christian aectate 
_ Mriarefs waamasfcedtor aHHnd* 

of help- spiritual, am ot fo eml, s oda! a nd pra ctical . 

And wa ore there, rmdy togbwaDmahalpwa'ean, - 

in ad parts of tba world. . ; 

To give this tw4p wa dapond antinrty 

MpustocontinutttfM Anglican . 

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W R 

W at 3i have helped with the management buy- 
outs of over 600 companies. 

A figure that shouldn’t surprise you. 

If we didnHr actually' invent' the concept, we 
certainly pioneered it in what, as recently 
as ten years ago, were largely uncharted waters. 

Today, the pioneering continues. 

Notably, with the syndication of funding for 
really large buyouts. Where, as ever; we pilot 
you safely through the negotiations before 
handing over the helm. 

Our commitment can perhaps best be 
measured by the 0 billion that represents the 
value f \"%k of the buyouts in which 

weVe invested to date. 
Indeed, this year we 
are investing at the 

rate of two a week. 



|||f As out success seems to in- 
prdicate, once you get in touch it 
should be full steam ahead. 

The creative use of money. 








iv j 



OBfiM 20 1980 

Contrasting views of reality 30 years after the Budapest uprising 

Asocialist wonderland 
or country in decline 

' ' - / i .i' 

% .*>#W ’ 

Thirty years ago this week 
Hungarians revolted against 
the Communist authorities , 
symbolically toppling the 
statue of Stalin ana demand- 
ing withdrawal from the War- 
saw Paa. Soviet tanks put 
down the uprising after bloody 
street battles. Roger Boyer, 
East Europe Correspondent, 
looks at how life has changed 
for the Hungarians, the dilem- 
mas facing economic reform- 
ers and the rising social 
tensions in the most liberal of 
the Communist states. 

Janos Kadardid not want to 
invade Czechoslovakia in 

He had his own bruised 
memories of Soviet tanks in 
Budapest in 19S6 and, after 12 
years of political spring clean- 
ing, he was about to launch 
into his own economic 

Waller Ulbricht. the East 
German leader, is said to have 
interrupted Mr Radar's argu- 
ments, presented at a Warsaw 
Pact summit, and to have 
shouted: “If you think. Com- 
rade Kadar, that you are 
helping the cause of socialism 
with your objections then you 
are making a big mistake. 
Once the American-West Ger- 
man imperialists have got 
Czechoslovakia in their con- 
trol, then you will be the next 
to go. Comrade Kadar” 

Well, Ulbricht was wrong. 
Economic reform is now 
firmly rooted in Hungary and 
there has been no ideological 

American imperialists. 
West German revanchists 
come, spend their dollars and 
marks in the Budapest casino 
or Maxim's night dub and 
leave with lighter wallets; 
Leni n Boulevard and the Karl 

Hungary: A 
after 1956 


Marx University have not 
changed their names to 
Rockefeller and Thyssen and 
the party is still comfortably in 

There are essentially two 
views of how Hungary has 
developed since 1956. The 
first is that it is something of a 
socialist wonderland, where 
the system can satisfy con- 
sumer needs; where the 
queues are in the bank not the 
butcher's; where market forces 
are tuned to demand but are 
not unleashed in a way that 
would trigger unemployment 

Vatca Utca, the busy shop- 
ping precinct >s the showcase 

— videos, personal computers, 
fashionable clothes, rock 
records. Western sportswear, 
testily, to a degree of 

“We are, I suppose," drawls 
a young Budapest intellectual, 
“the kind of place that the 
Labour Party would like to 
make Britain into.” After a 
pause: “Without the Soviet 
bases, of course.” 

The second Hungary, as 
seen by many natives, not just 
dissidents, is a country in 
decline. The economy has 
satisfied certain needs but is 
not growing with sufficient 
speed to meet everybody’s 

There is a big, unpleasant 
gulf between the rich and the 
poor. Work morale is low, the 
standard of living high, but 
under threat. Moonlighting is 
a way of life. The sociologist, 
Istvan Kemeny, estimates that 
80 per cent of Hungarians 
have secondary incomes 
which equal their main in- 
comes. The private sector, 
both legal and illegal pro- 
duces half the total of con- 
sumer goods and accounts for 
a third of the gross national 

It is a treadmill society, that 
much is clear. But the need to 
work hard — a compulsion not 
unknown in Japan or West 
Germany — does not by itself 

* m) ft f t 

teS* * <\ ' 


Y s 

A few forlorn Hungarian partisans advancing down a Budapest street littered with the de- 
bris of war after the Russian ntierveutioa to crush the 1956 uprismg. 

explain why so many Hungar- 
ians are depressed by the state 
of their country. 

Some say it is fin de regime, 
a Collapse in seif-confidence 
that precedes a changeover of 
power. Others say it is because 
the democratization of soci- 
ety, the need to foster thought 
and keep the intellectual oxy- 
gen flowing, has not kept pace 
with the economic changes. 

It is certainly a feet that the 
economy has begun to falter. 
Poor results in 1985 meant 
that the whole five-year plan 
for 1 98 1 -85 fell far short of its 

Industrial output rose only 
12 per cent compared to the 19 

to 22 per cent envisaged. 
Domestic consumption fell 4 
per cent in 1985, real wages 
are still 5 per cent lower than 
in 1980, the per capita hard- 
currency debt is the highest in 
Eastern Europe. 

The new plan, which was 
supposed to give the economy 
a strong push, has got off to a 
rocky start this year. 

The Hungarian leaders in- 
sist that these problems are 
not the result of economic 
reform. Various external fac- 
tors are blamed — poor world 

S ice for food, European 
ommuriity restrictions on 
East European food exports 
after Chernobyl, the collapse 

in oil prices in the West that 
makes Hungarian oil products 
less competitive, Far Eastern 
competition on the textiles 
market The list is long and 
largely justified. 

On paper the new reforms 
look set to be radical indeed: 
the- abolition of unprofitable 
enterprises, the decentraliza- 
tion of the banking system, 
progress i ve taxation of the 
“new rich" and the extension 
of the bond market But it is 
not the economic blueprints 
that are at fault Rather the 
political, will to implement 
them is missing. 

Tomorrow: Social strains 




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Russians open sea 
and rail link 
to by-pass Poland 

By Oht E«rt European Correspondent 

The Soviet Union and East 
Germany have inaugurated an 
important new sea and rail 
link, by-passing Poland, 
which trill provide a strate- 
gically crucial Warsaw Pact 
supply Hoe in any iatsae war. 

The tint feny to now in 
service and a farther five will 
provide a 24-hour connection 
between the ice-free port of 
Klaipeda in Soviet Lithuania 
and the East German island of 

been spending bflHomr "®f 
marks on transforming the 
sleepy fishing village of 
Mtdcran, on Rflgea 
n% an i m p ortant rail - ter* 
minus. Soviet rolling stock is 
- wheeled on to the ferries to 
i j t fr ff ynfa md wheeled off in 
East Germany, where the 
Soviet wide-gauge wagons are 
hoisted on to narrower East 
German axles. 

The idea is that about- a 
third of the total freight 
volume between East Ger- 
many and the Soviet Union 
wQl be transported on this 
mate.. At the mo m e nt the main 
cargo win be Soviet raw 
materials for the East Germaa 
steel industry, but Western 
military experts regard the 
new rail ferry fink as an 
attempt to' overcame ~an' im- 
portant weakness to Warsaw 
Pact defences: , 

When the Solidarity unrest 

broke rat to Poland to 1980, 
railway workers ip taNh 
disrupted the Moscow-War- 
saw-Berlfo train service and 
even, according to some ac- 
counts, tipped ap part of the 
track. This probably shocked 
East Germany ami the Soviet 
Union more than the strikes in 
the Gdansk shipyards: it 
showed bow easy it woedd be to 
sabotage the btiricrail supply 
route to the Warsaw Pact 
frontline to time of war. 

The talk of Soviet freight to 
East Germany and most rou- 
tine troop movements are by 
train through PotowLNow the 
ferry service will change this 
and,' to so doing, cost the Poles 
a huge sum to lost transport 

The East Germans have 

About 106 new enterprises 
have sprrag _ up. around 
Mukran, a power station has- 
been constructed and a mile- 
long pier str et ches rate the 
Baltic to make for wrier 

fold (both 
Soviet and East German 
gauge) and 1^00 railway 
workers wffl be based at foe 
terminus. Mukran, once . a 
pleasant, sandy bay fre- 
quented by weekend* sailors, 
has become a smoke-belching 
industrial hoaeycomhj. .’ 

East Germany believes feat 
die investment wffl pay off 
after about 10 years. 

The eight-hoar,. 300-mile 
sea route, foe East German 
Transport Minister, Hen- 
Otto Arndt announced, has 
brought .foe 'Soviet Union 
significantly closer to-. East 
Gnmqr. No bony-- was 

Students throw peace 

From Christopher Foflett, Copenhagen 

The dosing session of the times bloody scuti 
controversial world, congress conference platforn 

devoted to the International 
Year of Peace was thrown into 
turmoil and disarray yes- 
terday when a group of about 
30- student demonstrators 
broke toco the -main con- 
ference hall and mounted the 
rostrum, chanting anti-Soviet 
slogans and waving posters 
calling for an end to the 
Russian presence in 

Afghanistan.- * - - • — 

They were protesting about 
the feet that Afghanistan was 
not .discussed, at the .con- 
ference, which some Western 
commentators have attacked 
as being Soviet-inspired and a 

of the times bloody scuffle an the 
ongress conference platform, to mart 
rational of seated dignatories and the 
wn into organizing pend, .security 
y yes- guards finally managed to 
f about restore order/ expelling- the 
stridors demonstrators. 
a. cost- The five-day unofficial 
ted the World Peace Congress, which 
-Soviet was attended by 2,500 ao- 
posterS' tivists from 136 countries, 
to the culminated wiih tbe proda- 
b in mationofaso-caUeduopen- 
- -hagraappealforworid peace. 
; about ; Mr Hermod Lannung,Vthe 
an was 90-year-old Danish peace ao- 
s .con- . fivjst, liberal politician; and 
Western chairman of the congress, 
tracked made an impassioned can for 
land a the prevention of. nuclear war 

covert, propaganda -exercise' and 'tbe/establishment of a 
engineered by Moscow. world bah oh atomic weapon 

After a prolonged and at tests. 

1 r 



Am 25. Januar 1987 wird in der Bundesrepublik 
Deutschland fiber • die" Zuaammcnsctzung das 
Deutschen Bundestages entschieden. Erstmals 

keinen Wohnsitz in der Bundesrepublik Deutsch- 
land e in sc h l i cs sU c h Berlin (West) mchr haben, an 
der Wahl teilnehmen. • r - • : - 

Bei Voriiegen der sonstigen wahlrechtlichen 
Voraussetzungen konnen Sie w&hlen*.' wenn 

und am Wahltag das !8. I^cbcqsiahr voUcndet. 

und nach dem 23. Mai 1349* mlndestens <jrci 

Mfttmte hny mumterbrochen in der 

Bundesrepublik Deutschland exnschliesslich 
Beilin (West) gewohnt haben. - ' 

Die Eintragung erfblgt nor auf Antrag. 
Antragsformuiare soHten Sie ; mgriMut KaM 
anfordem von 

der Botscbaft der Ehindcsrepubfik Deutschland 
23‘Bdgrave Square, London SW1 
Td: 235 5033 

- den GeneraUconsulatea ; der Bundesrepublik 

16 Eglimon Crescent, Edinburgh 
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TeL- 337 2323/24 

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idem BundeswahUeiter, Postfech 55 28, 

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dem Oboattadtt fir ekt or . dier Stadt Bonn, . 
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Diese Stdlen schicken fhnen gerae wmtere ■ 
InformaticHien zu. . r 

Nach Eintragung. in das; Wahferverzeichiris 
werden Omen. .die. Btiefhrahhinteriagen 
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mussen Sie har ncril' Ihrdri ' Stminm^^ . 

i h, \V Crttixw.ilKMi. V r JitrM IH.iAi. ill Hut huABfwm lUnc I told I t>mkm S\\ 1V\ iWl i-»«i -siii-rtt uf Sitor-un Irx V\»- «t TirsJ iminjua' «n tr ihv luv'i^-tu \W mumv ihr iivtiKmiKiu uf ( m n^inn cil Me tiAnwcmic im^ki im iwfcucv 

.r, .uklnn-n-i/ -mi min \ mMUanx su<w«wi»*v |«J* i in.ii !«• r.Ajun.,i Hi- *>nli f.-uJ anuniitt- m vm uf .if ilw tmJ uf ihc iuiiil *ml tic ml! n**l Ivutl l»» Utu ewers unJn 211 1 o <MR .i .wndifA.' ift l mdirvl tttvf Urifes <mh. 

.TkeabowJsoea.abtftseM Gentian nationals of the 
Bundestag Elections in January 1987. 

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t’s a number well in excess of any other 
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Divisions within the PLO 

says Jordan link 
still strong despite 
repudiation by Fatah 

Mr Yassir Arafat admitted 
yesterday that his PLO mili- 
tary headquarters had been 
moved from Tunis to Bagh- 
dad, but still insisted that his 
co-ordination agreement with 
King Husain of Jordan re- 
mained ‘valid, even though his 
own Fatah guerrilla move* 
mem has pronounced it a 
dead letter. 

From Robert Fisk, Cairo 

well, stems from President 
Bouiguiba's growing antipa- 
thy towards an organization 
winch is not only breaking 
apart politically, but which 
had come to represent a 
security risk in a country 
suffering serious economic 
and social problems. 

Even when discussing his 
relations with King Husain, 

His statements, however; - Mr Arafat's words had about 
serve only to emphasize the them the son of unwordly 
divided, almost surreal world quality that' has caused even 
in which bis Palestine Libera- some of his most loyal coi- 
tion Organization now exists. _ leagues to despair. 

It was in the Egyptian The agreement be had sol- 
October, that Mr ernnly accepted and signed 

; conceded that his mili- 
tary offices had already been 
transferred to Baghdad, where 
they would, he claims, be safe 
from Israeli air attack. But in 
Khartoum he told the Sudan 
News Agency that the PLO’s 
political department would 
remain in Tunis. 

“We decided to end our 

military presence in Tunis two 

months after the Israeli air 
raid on Tunis," he said. 
“Thank God there is no 
Palestinian military presence 
in Tunisia today. After the 
raid, I found it my duty to 
move to an area that can 
provide protection." 

PLO stalwarts who remem- 
ber Israel's devastating air 
raid on the Osiris nuclear 
plant omside Baghdad in 1 981 
will immediately have re- 
alized that Mr Arafat was not 
really telling the truth. 

The real reason for the 
PLO’s scaled-down presence 
in Tunisia, as Mr Arafat’s 
supporters know only too 

with the King on February 1 1, 
198S — an accord which 
allowed the Jordanian leader 
to negotiate with the Israelis 
on the Palestinians' behalf for 
the return of the occupied 
West Bank and Gaza Strip — 
was still valid, he said. 

What, ft has to be asked, are 
Palestinians to make or all 

The King announced in 
March that be could no longer 
work with Mr Arafat. The 
anti-Arafat Palestinian groups 
based in Damascus de- 
nounced the agreement when 
it was first ratified last year. 
Mr Arafat's own Fatah move- 
ment has abrogated the ac- 
cord. Mr Arafat, it turns out, 
now claims that only the 
Palestine National Council, 
the PLO’s “parliament-in- 
exile”, can take such 

This sudden resort to 
constitutional detail, so at 
odds with Mr Arafat's usual 
obfuscation, does nothing to 

clarify the PLO's position, if 
indeed it can now be said to 
expound any political view 
with one voice. 

■ The question now is not so 
much "what is the PLO’s 
stand?" as “whai is the PLO?" 
Insofar as Mr Arafat at- 
tempted to answer the first 
question, he did so, as usual, 
by talking about King Husain. 

“It is dear that Jordan came 
under pressure (over the 
agreement), some pressure 
from Syria, some pressure 
from the United States, some 
from Israel," he said. 

“These pressures made Jor- 
dan think it could go along 
with a plan or peace process 
alone, apart from the PLO. On 
our side, the Jordanian agree- 
ment stands because ft cannot 
be abrogated except by the 
Palestine National Gouncil, 
and neither myself nor anyone 
else can cancel it." 

Mr Arafat criticized King 
H usain fordosing PLO offices 
in Amman and for expelling 
his deputy, Abu Jihad (Mr 
Khalil Wazir), but reserved 
his real condemnation for the 

Asked if anyone was delib- 
erately trying to divide the 
PLO, he replied: “Do I have to 
tell you it is Syria? Some 
countries which are unable to 
face their own people try to 
use the Palestinian card to 
cover up their deficiencies." 

• ABU DHABI: Mr Denis 
Healey, the Labour Party for- 
eign affaire spokesman, yes- 
terday said he was ready to 
meet Mr Arafat if his party 
were returned to power. 



The Hayles ferry in Trinity Inlet, Australia, had 100 extra passengers yesterday when that number of watersUers from 
Cairns broke the world record, previously held by 08 Florida waferskiers. 

Two Arab suspects 
deported to Syria 

By Stewart Tendler, Crime Reporter 

Two Arabs held In London they be&eve a 
on suspicion of link* with the 
Abu Nidal terrorist organiza- 
tion were yesterday deported 
to Syria. Another three men 
arrested by Special Branch 
officers in a sales of London 
raids earlier ftk month are 
. being held pending expulsion. 

The two men, described as 
Iraqi students, left yesterday 
from Heathrow airport for 
Damascus. They chose to be 
expelled to Syria and the 
Damascus authorities agreed 
to accept fh^m. 

They were arrested muter 
the Prevention of T e r rori sm 
Act and then passed over to 
the Horae Office under im- 
migration regulations. A Tu- 
nisian and two Jordanians are 
StiB being held white im n ri g ra- 
tioo officers settle then- 

Originally six men were 
held. Police final no bombs, 
arms or signs of any plans but 

of mixed 
Swedish and Middle Eastern 
background arrived la London 
to activate die group in terror- 
ist acts either m Britain or 

• STOCKHOLM: Swedish 
security police have interro- 
gated, in connection with the 
assassination of die Prime 
Minister, Mr OW Palme, a 
man deported from Britain 
and respected of bong a 
member of an Aha Nidal hit 
sqnadJChristopher Mosey 

The man, who has not been 
ide ntified , is an Arab refugee 
from Jordan who became a 
Swedish p i t f» n 

He was sent bade to Sweden 
more than a week ran after 
being arrested m England 
along with five other Arabs. 

Swedish security police 
travelled to the mart home 
town of H elsingb org in south- 
ern Sweden to interrogate him. 

Israeli navigator ‘in hands of terrorist group’ 

From Ian Murrary 

The missing airman from 
the Israeli Phantom jet which- 
crashed in southern Lebanon 
on Thursday is alive and well 
in the hands of a “terrorist 
group”, according to Major 
General Amos Lapidot, the 
Commander of the Israeli Air 

The General said it was still 
not known which group was 
holding him prisoner, al- 
though he gave the first of- 
ficial confirmation here that 
die airman had been captured. 

The Amal Shia Muslim 
militia, the strongest group of 
the many in the area where the 
aircraft crashed, has claimed 
that ft is holding the airman 
prisoner, but sources here said 
they had no evidence "to 
confirm this. 

Photographs taken by the 
group showing one of its 
militiamen holding Israeli 
equipment have been dis- 
counted because the items 
could have been thrown away 
either by the rescued Phantom 
pilot or by die captured man. 

Mr Yitzhak Rabin, the De- 
fence Minister, briefed the 
Cabinet on the Lebanese 
situation during a secret ses- 

sion yesterday in which he is 
understood to have empha- 
sized the importance of ignor- 
ing rival claims by different 
groups that they were holding 
the prisoner. 

Mr Uri Lubrani. the Israeli 
co-ordinator for Lebanese pol- 
icy at the Defence Ministry, 
has said that if Amal is 
holding the missing man pris- 
oner, then the militia group 
will be held responsible for his. 
safety by Israel, which wants 
him returned “forthwith". 

Mr David Kimche, the 
outgoing Director-General of 
the Fb reign Ministry, said that 
the missing airman cannot be 
regarded as a prisoner of war 
because he stands no chance 
of being treated as such by any 
of the groups who might have 
captured him. 

Following the prisoner swap 
last year, when three Israelis 
were handed back for more 
than 1,100 Palestinian pris- 
oners, there is an awareness on 
both sides that the rate of 
exchange is very high. 

Israel has repeatedly refused 
to exchange live prisoners for 
the body of one Israeli ser- 
geant, mid it is certain to 
refuse to negotiate any kind of 
exchange this time until there 

is certain proof that the miss- 
ing man is alive and there is 
confirmation of exactly who is 
holding him prisoner. 

For this reason personal 
details of the missing man 
continue to be withheld. 

In February two Israeli 
soldiers were captured in an 
ambush in southern Lebanon 
which ted to a massive un- 
successful search of the area. 

There has been no verifiable 
news of the two men’s where- 
abouts since and no attempt to 
offer them in exchange despite 
their obvious value as 
bargaining counters if they are 

• BEIRUT: The whereabouts 
of the Israeli Air Force navi- 
gator remained a mystery 
yesterday after Mr Nabih 
Beni, the leader of the Amal 

General Moshe Levy, Israel's Chief of Staff, leaving 
Cabinet meeting after a briefing on the missing airman. 

Shia Muslim Militia, declared 
he had no information that his 
men were bolding the aviator 
(Juan Carlos Gumucio 

Mr Beni suggested that the 
case of the captured Israeli 
could be solved through a 
prisoner exchange with IsraeL 

He declined to confirm or 
deny reports saying the air- 
man was in Amal hands. But 
be said: “In case such reports 
were true, then for sure he 
should be swapped through 
international codes for all 
Lebanese and Palestinian pris- 
oners held by Israeli 

Militia commanders in tire 
south are said to favour a 
prisoner exchange. About 250 
men, mostly Shia Muslims, 
are being held prisoner in the 
Lebanese village of Kbiam, 
within the zone occupied by 
the Israeli Army, and in the 
Adit prison, in northern 

Amal officials in Beirut had 
said that the aviator, who 
baled put near Sidon after his 
plane was hit by a missile 
during a raid on Palestinian 
targets on Thursday, was alive 
and being held prisoner by the 
militia. The pilot was rescued 
by the Israelis. 

in danger 

From Richard Owen 

The increasingly fragile co- 
alition government of Mr W2- 
fried Martens, which, staved 
off collapse ova a tangled 
languag e row at the end of last 
week, is again in danger of fell- 
ing apart after Mr Cbaries-Fer- 

dinand Nothomb, the Minis- 
ter of the Interior and leading 
spokesman for the French- 
speaking parties, resigned at 
the weekend. 

Mr Martens heads the 
Flemish-speaking element in 
the coalition. In a move to 
stress continuity and limit the 
damage caused by Mr No- 
thomb's departure. Mr Mar- 
tens immediately appointed 
Mr Jean Michel a French- 
speaking Christian Democrat, 
as the new Interior Minister. 

Mr Nothomb resigned after 
a row ova the dismissal of Mr 
Jose Happart as mayor of the 
Fourons. a small collection of 
French-speaking villages in a 
Flemish area near the Dutch 
border, because of his refusal 
to speak Dutch. 

What began as a parochial 
and trivial issue has become 
the national focus of inflamed 
tensions between French and 
Dutch speakers in Belgium, 
with police drafted into the 
Fourons to keep order. 

The language issue which 
brought about Mr Nothomb’s 
departure strikes at the heart 
of Belgium's constitution. Mr 
Nothomb’s resignation came 
after his abortive attempts to 
have Mr Happart's dismissal 
as mayor suspended, pending 
a referral of the issue to the 
Supreme Court. On Friday Mr 
Nothomb changed tack by 
recommending that King Bau- 
douin should appoint Mr. 
Roger Wynams, a respected 
local figure who speaks French 
and Dutch, as acting mayor of 
the Fourons. 

The local council elected Mr 
Happart as first alderman or 
rival acting mayor. Mr 
Happart, who is seen as the 
leader of militant Walloons 
(the French-soeaking popula- 
tion) accused Mr Nothomb of 

A tense and angry Mr 
Nothomb said on television 
yesterday (Sun) that he bad 
acted logically and democrati- 
cally, and that Belgian unity 
and stability were at stake. 

threat to 
Greek vote 

From Mario Modiano 


As polling stations reopened 
yesterday for the second 
round of local elections in 226 
towns, Greek voters were 
wanted by the Government- 
controlled media that absten- 
tion was punishable by law. 

The Socialist Government 
of Mr Andreas Papandiwu is 
clearly alarmed that if the 
communist voters in Athens, 
who represent 17.6 per cent of 
the total, heed the Communist 
Party’s call fora boycott ofMr 
Dimitris Beis. the Socialist 
mayor, Mr Miltos Evert, his 
Conservative rival, would win 
the election. 

Mr Evert led after the first 
round, with 44.6 per cent to 
Mr Beis's 29.2 per cent.. 

The Communist Party’s 
surprise derision to oppose 
the Socialist candidate only in 
Athens, to punish the Govern- 
ment for refusing an electoral 
law reform in return for its 
support, has turned this un- 
usually subdued local election 
into a spirited confrontation. 

Even "General" Markos 
Vafiadis. aged 81, the veteran 
communist commander-in- 
chief of the civil war. was 
brought in to castigate the 
Communist Party’s move. 

The Communist Party is 
clearly attempting to pul on 
record the high degree of 
Socialist dependence on Com- 
munist support for aU its 
important options, such as the 
election of the President or the 
revision of the constitution. 

This would presumably lay 
the groundwonc for a Social- 
ist-Communist relationship 
based on give-and-take, if Mr 
Papandrcou , despite bis loss 
of popularity, wants to con- 
tinue in office. 

The ruling Socialists, whose 
fifth anniversary in power on 
October 11 passed almost 
unnoticed, are worried that 
the Communist Party's direc- 
tive to black the Socialist 
candidate in Athens could nib 
off on otha cities. 

final results of the second 
round should tell the 
Papandrcou Government 
whether its substantial losses 
earlier this month were simply 
a wanting from the electorate 
against mismanagement and 
ostentation or a suspended 
death sentence. 





St Perns. Stuter) 
—The French Prone fcfinwer. 
M Jacques Chirac, wtfte had 
personally ordered foe French 
Navy u> open fireta jt&awfcr 
which sank in the tedtan 
Ocean. ; • 

Speaking on *he fim.te or 
a visit to the French Indian 
Ocean island of Itewuwt M 
Chirac raid the founti**. 
registered trawler Sou foem 
Raider had StiW to .tad 
warnings or accept. » ranch 
from a naval patrol voraeL - 

The irawter’a stopper,: as 
Australian. Mr John 
Chaddcrtotl » brint Mi in 
Reunion pending cMfgra <rf 
fishing lUcgaDy, and it » 
suggested fotthfe may also be 
questioned mcowwstonwi& 

Britons in 
island ordeal 

Venice (Retilert **’ 

island in °thc Venke ktPon 
after rejecting the advances of 

their Italian guides. 

Police sources raid foe two 
deserted art students reacted 
the mainland after swft&ntin 
and walking through cofd ano ' 
muddy water for hours. Two 
men nave been charpd with 
attempted rape ftid 

Population up 

Moscow (Reuteri - The 
population of foe Soviet 
Union was 28&9 ifriDion oa 
October I. the weekly news- 
paper Ekonotnicheskayd: 
Gazeta reported- 

Talks rejected 

Kampala (AFP) - President 
Museveni of Uganda , has re- 
jected calls for h»s Govern- 
ment to hold peace talks with 
rebels in the north, Uganda 
radio reported. 

Riot orders 

Delhi (AFP) - Security 
forces in Darjeeling have teen, 
ordered to shoot notera on 
sight following renewed 
clashes between Gurkha sepa- 
ratists and communists .in foe 
north-eastern Indian hiU 
met, foe United Newsof India 

Heart fails 

Pittsburgh (AP)— A woman 
aged 50 died less than 24 
hours after undergoing an 
unusual second heart trans- 
plant prompted by complica- 
tions from a bean-lungs 
transplant earlier in foe week. 

Six injured 

Copenhagen (AFP) - 5ii\ 
people were injured when a 
Scandinavian Airlines System 
DC 9 with 102 people oa 
board made an emergency 
landing at Copenhagen’s 
Kastrup airport. 

Aids tests 

Stockholm (Reuter) - 
Swedish soldiers due to serve , 
with the United Nations in-' 
Lebanon will be tested for 
Aids virus because they might - 
have to give Mood, defence 
officials said. 



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ttMlbtifi, BBC2 certainty 
Wk>c that if something i> 
worth doing it is worth doing 
attain. In four programmes 
n*ew were seen poking at small 
wkttc baits with wooden 
sacks. In two others people 
were asked a lot of questions 
about sexual relations. 

Finally, the evening was 
rounded off by Diane Ke aton 
Rftlng a practical demonstra- 
tion in Looking For Mr 
Coodbar of once never be ing 


The two Interrogatory at- 
tempts to come to grips with 
sex. though, were as signifi- 
cantly different as the smiting 
of the balls with hockey sticks 

and snooker cues. In Thinking 
sing it 

Aland they tried discussing _ 
with people who have not 
experienced it together. At 
least, if Roger Scru ton, Joliet 
Mitchell, Michael Neve, Hel- 

ena Kennedy and the new, 
intelligently less intrusive 

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chairman, Michael Ignatieff, 
aB chastely far apart on their 
sofas, ever have, they were not 
letting on. 

In this week's Lovelaw, 
about Wives and Husbands, 
those questioned were in- 
dispotaWy tainted with inti- 

" One of the programmes was 
notable for its personal revela- 
tions, the other for the intellec- 
tual clarity of its contributions. 
Thinking Aloud , the odd 
aptrtpt notwithstanding, left ns 
as much confused as informed. 
Os the other hand, Michael 
Neve revealed the importance 
of infidelity in his sexual 
initiation and Roger Sou ton 
not only described himself as 
part of a “liberal” £11 te but 
showed a touching vulnerabil- 
ity in asking “Why is everyone 
always so unhappy about 
agreeing with me?”. 

The message was much 
dearer in Lovelaw, which gave 
ns Japanese, Egyptian, Hun- 
garian and Californian cou- 
ples: men are bounders and 
women know It though some- 
times they have to be careful 
about saying it- Only the 
American husband had got Ms 
co meuppa nce but then he was 
a rebounder. who had returned 
to his wife after she In his 
absence hod started a success- 
fid canter, only to find that she 
was no longer so keen to do the 

Andrew Hislop 

More blessed than the Booker 


Jack Higgins, bursting with energy 

x is noi often that a novelist features 
his own house in his work without 
changing its name. In Jack Higgins’s 
latest multi-million best-seller. 
Sight of the Fox, his house 
Septembertide in Jersey makes a major 
appearance: it is where Harrv Martineau, 
philosophy don turned killer for his 
country, masquerading in wartime Jersey 
as Standanenftihrer Max Vogel, comes 
across the man he believes to be Rommel 
but who is in feet Heini Baum, a brilliant 

Such literary history should not pass 
unnoticed, so Collins arranged for a group 
of 1 5 journalists to fly out for lunch with 
Higgins at Septembertide. “Do you mind 
wearing this little label” asks the pub- 
licity woman. “Just so Jack and Denise 
can remember who they're talking to.” 

Higgjns. dressed in black, wearing dark 
g las s es , welcomes the group, introducing 
them to Denise, a blonde in green. Denise 
is bis young wife of nearly two years. The 
group is given champagne and passes on 
to the balcony, agreeing that the view is 
breathtaking. Fresh air taken, people 
dawdle back inside. Indian sculptures and 
dark seascapes decorate the room. Books 
abound on a selection of coffee tables; 
Graham Greene, Brian Patten, the biog- 
raphy of Frank Sinatra, the Bookseller 
magazine and Tadics: The Art and 
Science of Success by Edward de Bono. A 
Misalliance by Anita Brookner is 

Higgins, a chunky silver watch on his 
wrist, approaches a journalist and starts 
talking. “Several people have said to me 
Martineau's an amazing kind of charac- 
ter. where did you get him from, so I say. 
well, let’s put it this way . . 

On the other side of the room two 

Off to Jersey’s tax-haven, to help in a modest little’ 
celebration of Jack Higgins’s latest multi-million 
best-seller. Night of the Fox, went Craig Brown . . . 

journalists discuss Higgins's age. On 
consultation, the publicity woman in- 
forms them that he is 57. He looks 15 
years younger. Is his hair dyed? asks a 
journalist, pointing out what might be 
henna. “Well mine is", says the publicity 
.woman, managing a laugh. 

. . and so Richard Burton cornered 
me in the foyer and he said, come on. you 
must have been thinking of me when you 
wrote that character . . ." 

The group have been invited to come 
through and help themselves to lunch: 
lobster, salmon, beef. “Princess Michael 
was charming. A much maligned lady. I 
strongly disapprove of what the 
Press . . ." says a man from Hatchards. . 
He adds that they have ordered 250 of the 
new Higgins hardback; a few years ago it 
would have been 500. but what with the 
economic climate ... 

“. . we were discussing things — you 
know, feme, and why some people want 
to put you down — and Richard said to 
me. it's a funny thing, fame. And his exact 
words were . . " 

Higgins has moved into the dining- 
room now and, while most of the 
journalists dig into the lobster, a semi- 
circle of four or five dutifully take notes as 
he carries on. Often, his replies are so long 
that the person who asked, the question 
has disappeared from the group in search 
of more champagne by the time Higgins 
has finished answering it. 

**. . . take my life, for instance. Here 
you have someone who starts life in the 

working class and suddenly you're stand- 
ing there years later in a loo with a couple 
ofex-prime ministers, suddenly you're on 
This is Your Life, suddenly you’re being 
asked your opinion on Any Ques- 
tions and* recently I did a show on 

•Radio 4 called The Year I Was Born — 
you know, me one week. Patrick 
Litchfield the next, Bonnie Langford the 
week after . . 

A local photographer asks a journalist if 
be has read the book yet. Yes, replies the 
journalist- There is a silence. Wandering 
back to the living-room, a group look at 
the photographs of the author on the 
grand piano. “IsnYthat Jim Callaghan?" 
“Oh. and there he is with Clive James — 
what's he doing with Clive James?" 

The energy of the man is incredible, 
agrees one of the Collins contingent in the 
dining-room. Chain-smoking, glass of 
champagne in hand, Higgins holds forth 
on being ignored by the British literary 
establishment. . to totally change the 
perspective, let me put this to you: can 
you ever imagine Melvyn Bragg asking 
Jack Higgins his view on the future 
prospect of the English novel? Well, can 

he local photographer mentions 
that in the kitchen there are 
more photographs of Higgins 
with celebrities. A journalist 
sneaks into the kitchen with 
him. There is Higgins with Jimmy 
Saville, and there is Higgins with Mount- 
batten. yes, Mountbatten, with Eric 



Morecambe. isn't it. in the background, 
and there he is with Vera Lynn, and 
Antonia Fraser, and who's that? Oh, BiUy 

The sedentary journalists have bad 
their fill and have-begun to wander about. 
“Apparently there is a jaciizzi upstairs", 
whispers one. and the others chuckle- t 
“Did you see the gold fittings in the*- 
bathroom?" asks another. Higgins's new... 
wife explains to someone that he is: 
' known by .his other name, Harry Patter--.- 
son. on Jersey. “So the locals call him.'' 
Harry?" “Oh, very much so'Vshe replies.-- 

“. . . but I'm sure I've got just as much „ 
to say on the creative process as some-* 
obscure novelist who's never even gained. L 
•- the' Booker short-list . . ." 

The semicircle has stopped writing, but « 
continues' to nod. The top dog from:; 
Collins ' presents Higgins with a' vast<i 
reconstruction of his new book in glossy/ - 
cardboard. Inside, you can open a flap 
and a tape with the television advertise-,, 
mem for the book pops out. “And this .' 
comes with a great deal of affection fronts 
everyone who has worked on the — 
campaign" he says. He then produces a 
statuette for Jack. “And we thought we'dv. 
give you a memento of a really marvel- - 
lous book — everyone's tremendously/.! 
excited by it and this little bronze is to say -r 
you really are very special to us .. ." 

“It's better than the Booker prize", 
quips Jack, and everyone laughs. After a 
presentation of flowers to Denise, the - 
publicity woman says “Shall we drink up? -? 
The coach is waiting", and we leave./' 
Someone has placed a large ashtray on?-' 
top of .-I Misalliance, but otherwise Sep- ./ 
tembertide remains spick and span. 

• Night of the Fax is published by Collins at ■ 
£9.95. -- 

Unfailing vocal intelligence 

Nigel Rogers 

Wigmore Hall 


It is hard to believe that the 
singing career of Nigel Rogers 
has now spanned a quarter of 
a century- It has been a period 
coincident with the rise of the 
“early music” movement to a 
point at which the public, and 
hence the industry, now con- 
sumes authenticity with genu- 
ine fervour. Rogers's singing 
style was a crucial part ofthe 
revolution, and as this cele- 
bratory recital showed he 
remains an important flag- 
bearer of an attitude that seeks 
to negate the tradition, con- 
ceived in the 19th century, of 
cultivating voices capable of 

competing with ever-expand 

ing orchestras and ever i 

Not everyone may warm to 
Rogers's somewhat rasping 
tenor, but it is certainly 
distinctive, and he applies it 
with unfailing intelligence and 
instinct to whatever he hap- 
pens to be singing. 

There were occasions here 
when one wished that his 
delivery were not quite so 
intense: often he seemed to 

want to get the message across 
simply by shouting ft. at us. 
Yet he cleariy relishes the 
sheer adventure of his music, 
revelling — even a ntite cyni- 
cally, to judge from the tone of 
his spoken translations — in 
the frustrated ardours con- 
tained in many of the texts. 
And his opening group, un- 
accompanied, of an anony- 
mous English song from 
c. 1300. the Machaui i ireiai 
“Douce Dame jolie", and a 
song by the Meistersinger 
Hans Sachs, was most beauti- 
fully understated. 

With the harpsichordist 
John Toll (who also gave an 
exquisite reading of Tom- 
kins's “A Sad Pavan for these 
Distracted Times") he then 
took us on a quick tour of 
17th-century Italian monody, 
to which genre he has prob- 
ably contributed more than 
any other singer, cultivating 
and perfecting a technique 
capable of negotiating the 

most lavish ornamentation. 

There was rather more of 
that in D'India's “Tuttll di 
piango" than in Cacdni's “A 
qnei sospir andenti" or “La 
bella man vi stringo", but for 
sheer ardour Monteverdi took 
the prize in his “Ecco di dolce 

Besides such music, Henry 
Lawes and Matthew Locke 
seemed relatively wooden, 
though Locke's “The Despon- 
dent Lover's Song" contained 
some expressive harmonies, 
and the neat repetition of text 
at its end helped to heighten 

Similarly three 18th-century 
cantatas by Montedair, Ales- 
sandro Scarlatti and Bene- 
detto Marcello, to which, as in 
the English group. Mark Cau- 
dle added a string bass, 
sounded slightly reserved, 
constrained perhaps by the 
limitations of dramatic con- 
trast imposed by da capo 
form. Considered purely as 
abstract inventions, however,, 
they were marvellous. 

Stephen Pettitt 

lids tests 



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Covent Garden 

tween piano and orchestra 
that is (he great attraction of 
the music. Ashton's choreog- 
raphy adds a further voice that 
responds perfectly; its hidden 
themes arc of love sought and 
found, the passage of seasons 
through winter's longing to the 
joy of spring. 


Frederick Ashton created 
Symphonic Variations in 
1946. after wartime years 
during which, conscripted, he 
was unable to practise his 
trade. The dances, long re- 
pressed, burst from him like a 
spring, and Cesar Franck’s 
music inspired him to shape 
them in a way be (or hardly 
any other choreographer! had 
ever tried before, as one long 
lyrical flow of movement, free 
of any plot but with a strong 
emotional undertone. 


The work is the foundation- 
stone of the Royal Ballet’s 
style but has long lain un- 
performed. for which Ashton's 
fearfbl mistrust of replace- 
ment casts must take some 
blame. It says something 
about .Anthony Dowdrs pur- 
pose and ability as director 
that he has got « back at the 
beginning of his tenure, and 
was able to heal wounds 
caused by shabby past treat- 
mem and bring in Michael 
Somes to rehearse the revival. 

joy of spnng. 

It was curious to see two 
American dancers in the lead- 
ing roles setting their British 
colleagues an example of how 
to .dance Ashton. Cynthia 
Harvey let the music show 
through her movement; her 
’simple, elegant clarity of out- 
line and fullness of gesture are 
lit up by the nuances of the 
way the choreographic phrases 
relate to those of the score. Jay 
Jolley (like Somes before him) 
has a feeling for Ashton's 
purpose that compensates for 
some imperfections in tech- 

The other roles are hardly 
less important; we must hope 
to see them better danced 
later. The two women were 
precise but Wendy Ellis 
danced tensely and Karen 

Paisey with only a subdued 

Saturday's premiere found 
Anthony T witter as soloist and 
Isaiah Jackson as conductor 

achieving the intimate, some- 
Udrtt hushed conversation be- 

brightness. Stephen BeagJey 
and David Peden left much to 
desire in both steps and 

Symphonic Variations 
shares a programme with The 
Dream , another of Ashton's 
best ballets, and A Month in 
the Country, one or his most 
popular. In both, some of the 
cast were very good. 

John Percival 

Hard to follow 

Wigmore Hall 

The violinist Sophie Langdon 
has in the past five years set 
such high standards of expec- 
tation for herself and her 
audiences that some degree of 
disappointment is almost in- 
evitable sooner or later. After 
her revelatory Weill Concerto 
three years ago. a series of 
equally resonant recitals, and 
her fiery presence in the Trio 
Zingara. this programme of 
Russian music promised a lot 

From the very start, m 
Stravinsky's Suite Italienne, 
the distinctive, extrovert voice 
was there, but the diction was 
a little slurred. And. by the 
end of the evening, even 
Prokofiev's Sonata in D, the 
perfect showpiece for Miss 
Langdon's characteristic bal- 
ance of technical precision 
and panache, was a little 
lacklustre, too predictable in 
its responses. 

It may well have been the 
only half-full hall. It may have 
been simply that, at this point 
m her career, her own act is 
proving a hard one to follow. 
Or it may be something to do 
with the feet that Miss 
Langdon is beginning to need 
more challenges, more stimu- 
lus. in a career which seems to 
be settling towards the 

In her UK premise perfor- 
mance of 36-year-old Elena 
Firsova's Fantasie. Op 32. 
much of Langdon’s nervous 
and imaginative energy 
flooded back, and our re- 
sponses. too, were quickened. 
The piece lasts little more than 
10 minutes; its single move- 
ment is shaped by an intensely 
Russian melody which re- 
turns, each time undogoing a 
subtle sea-change after dis- 
quieting interludes of mount- 
ing tension. 

Shuddering tremolandi con- 
tract a line straining under its 
own taut counterpoint; sear- 
ing repeated notes punctuate 
and demarcate at the extremes 
of pitch; and the final return of 
the melody in harmonics is 
spangled with pizzicato. It 
certainly gave Miss Langdon 
something to bury her bow 
into; I hope that her forthcom- 
ing programme of musk: from 
Hungary and Czechoslovakia 
will do the same. 

Magnificent partnership; Dennis O'NdD, Suzanne Murphy (photograph by Clive Rarda) 

Singing triumphant over all 


Lucia di 
New, Cardiff . 


Throughout the evening 
Shelagb Sutherland, Lang- 
don's regular duo partner, 
responded with quick-witted 
piano playing. I particularly 
enjoyed her offsetting of the 
violin's nicely understated 
Lento m Prokofiev’s Cinq 

Hilary Finch 

It woaU be offensive to the 
Welsh National Opera to 
suggest that their performance 
of Lada di La mm ermoor on 
Saturday night would have 
been worthy of an mter- 
national company. It was, 
quite simply, worthy of the 
WNO: one cu hardly invoke 
higher standards in a year that 
has seen not only their Ring at 
Covent Garden but also the 
towering achievement of their 
Oullowth Peter Stein. 

The Lucia success, though, 
is altogether different in kmd. 
It is not easy to see bow tins 
amid ever be a producer's 
opera, and William Gaskfll 
has been content to intervene 
very tittle, leaving things to the 
cast and, less happily, to the 
designer, (Jltz. The visual 
aspect is indeed nnaf 
One sees only a dark 
tittered with plastic racks (if 
better plastic rocks titan we 
had for Siegfried ) and a set of 
near-black breeze- block walls. 

the bretaiist set is merely 

But in fact it is almost an 
irrelevance, because what mat- 
ters in this production is 
uniquely the singing. Snzaime 
Morphy gives an astonishing 
performance as the heroine. 
She sings from the start with a 
blanched, almost vibrato-less 
tone, which suggests instabil- 
ity of mind hot which demands 
great stability of pitching; 
there is no room for accidents 
on these exposed, glacial 
slopes of ringing. Miss Mur- 
phy does not pot a foot wrong. 
She throws her voice nakedly 
and daringly into the trie, and 
is rewarded with a great 
personal success. She is al- 
ways clear in the ensembles, 
bot never loses, by virtue of her 
clarity of tone, the sense of one 
on the brink of running mad. 
Then, in the mad scene itself, 
she does not rash into 
derangement hot holds herself 
vocally and physically quite 
still, making the music work 
unaided, cool hot potent, as the 
means of expression. It en- 
tirely suits this interpretation 
that the spurious flute-led 

to gain a confidence that 
allowed him more freedom and 
resonrcefnlness. Not that 
these were adventitious qual- 
ities: as with Miss Murphy, 
the expression appeared to 
arise simply from the fact of 
singing superbly and at the 
limits of possibility. 

These two dominate, but 
time is a dark Enrico from 
Mark Holland, a grandly grim 
and grey Raimondo from Wil- 
liam Madtie and a splendidly 
forthright Arturo from Peter 
Brooder, who will be repeating 
the role at Covent Garden in 
December, though anyone in- 
terested in this opera should 
be making plans to get to 
Cardiff immediately. Julian 
Smith whams home the 

Paol Griffiths 

I ROCK fc 

New Model Army 
Town & Country 
Club " 

It is shame that New Model 
Army have allowed them- — 
selves to be dumped in the 
punk revivalist ghetto when 
they plainly have so much 
more to oner. The waves of 
energetic abandon that render 
the dance-floor an unsafe area 
for casual spectators during 
“Christian Militia" and 
“Smalltown England" still- ; 
constitute one of the strongest'* 
cards in their hands, but even- - 
in the brat of a live perfor-" 
mance they successfully dealt ■- 
out the acoustic guitar-domi-":' 
nated “Lovesongs” and the*^ 
sorrowful reflective “Ballad".— 
aided by the keening harmon- 
ica of Mark Feltham, pre- ><• 
viouslv of Nine Bekjw Zero. :** 

Feltham was also present!'" 
when they came up with their; ' 
trump. “Poison Street", a 
rough-hewn mixture of verse, 
chorus, acceleration and 
drive, but for the most part it ‘ ‘ 
was just the two blond— 
bouffants of Robb Heaton on " ‘ 
drums and Jason Harris on ;; 
bass, contrasting with the *’ 
scrawny figure of Slade the ■* 
Leveller on guitar and vocals. 

Whether in terms of politics 
or production values, they i‘‘ 
offered none of the current ' tt t 
panaceas, only a naive dra- V. 
malic idealism. “All of This" " 
captured not only the chilling 
nuances of cold-war intriguing " * 
but also the horrors of terrorist - 
campaigns, in a song of urn f, 
usually layered intensity, ex- 

cellently played but through a 

‘trash- - 

rough sound mix. Unf 
iopable heroic rock recidivists • 
they may be, but in their own ; 
way they have as much to say ■ 
as Bitiy Bragg, and they make ; 
it sound considerably better. 

David Sinclair z. 

These can'' be trundled from 
side to side, but the sound mid '-cadenza is cat, to be replaced 
of their movements is bp a purely vocal exercise that 


ludicrously oat of scale with 
the nmsic, especially when the 
lumbering machinery goes into 
action In the first act to the 
accompaniment of the harp 
solo that introduces Lucia. 
Given that the costuming is ail 
naturalistic in Idles and trews. 

makes loosened vocal cords, 
and a feeling almost of un- 
willed singing, signify loos- 
ened senses. 

Dennis O'Neill's Edgardo is 
ai«sn magnifice nt. His surging 
has always been Italianate and 
cultivated, but here he seemed 

The Royal Ballet 


■ — * 



_ %****■*£. . 

w * * 




* With Mayerlmg ... 
tve see The Royal Ballet 
at Jutland tremendous stretch. 

... a portrait of a company of 
dance actors without peer * • * 

Cknwnt Ciop> Faaoriai Tuna OoW 

Tomorrow & November 7. 10, 12 at 7.30 
01-240 1066/1911 Access/ Visa/Diners Club. 

Better than luxury casting 

The Petition 



From tin time of iis opening 
at the National Theatre in 
July, it was dear that Brian 
Clark's star two-hander nos 
only passing through on its 
way to the West End. What- 
ever the reason for the South 
Bank preliminaries, Peter 
HalTs production has now 
found a snug berth as a 
thoughtful beautifully per- 
formed show pitched to the 
up-market commercial taste 
of people who want to en- 
counter serious issues in the 
theatre without being too 

a dialogue in which the 
husband, a retired general 
simultaneously discovers that 
his wife fans truce months to 
live and that tire has joined 
the campaign against nuclear 
warfare. The Petition com- 
bines- Urn marital and military 
battlefields. It cannot be said 
that ihe>- do much to illu- 
minate each other, if only for 

the reason that the marital war 
develops inside a loving 
relationship, and that, as yet, 
femily life lacks any equiva- 
lent of the SS20. What the play 
does offer is searing evidence 
that sexual warfare continues 
unabated into old age and 
that love is often the means of 
uniting people who only 
thwart and diminish each 

Mr Dark avoids all the 
usual pitfalls that normally 
beset plays dealing with the 
day of reckoning. Past disclo- 
sures only push on the present 
action. The cliches of habitual 
conversation turn savage and 
start biting the speaker. And 
the seemingly fixed relation- 
ship between ironist and 
impostor becomes fluid as the 
bone-headed old General 
starts gening the better of the 


lii this case, it is rather as if 
Mrs Alving had married Pas- 
tor Wanders. Imprisoned by 
her name. Lady Elizabeth 
Milne has spent 50 years 
bottling up her liberal opin- 
ions and discharging her frus- 
trated energies into adultery. 
The General meanwhile, has 
gone in dread of having his 
promotion scuppered by her 
dangerous tongue. Now. on 
the brink of the grave, all the 
secrets come tumbling out in a 
masterfully organized col- 
lision of past and present. 

The partnership between 
John Mills and Rosemary 
Hams offers more than luxury 
casting. There is acute pain in 
h. going to the brink of 
ugliness, and there are extraor- 
dinary passages where death 
provokes them both into 
hysterical laughter. From Miss 
Harris, a great actress, this is 
no surprise; from Sir John — 
collapsing into unmanly tears, 
and exploding into brutal 
insults, before recovering his 
gentlemanly composure - it 
amounts to a new lease of life. 

Irving Wardle 


8 King Street, London SWL Teh 01-839 9060 
Monday 20 October at 11 a m. and 2_30 p m 
and 19th CENTURIES 
Tuesday 21 October at 11 ajn.and2J30p.rn. 
Wednesday 22 October at 1030 a m. 
Thursday 23 October ac 11 am. and 230 pm 
Friday 24 October at 1030 am. . 


Sheringham Hall, 

Upper Sfreringham, Norfolk . . 

The property of TheTrustees of The late 
H.TS. Upcher Wednesday 22 October and Thursday 
23 October at 11 ajn. and 2 pan. each day 
For viewing details please telephone 
Caroline Trefigaxne on 01-606 1848 

Monday, October 20 at 6.45 pm 
Piano Quartets by Beethoven and Schumann 
Tickets £750. Enquiries and application forms for the 
series from Jonathan Price Or Mrs Patricia Nite 

Christie's King Street wflj be open for viewing on 
Sundays from 2 pan. - 5 pan. 

Christie’s South Kensington is open for viewing on 
Mondays until 7 pan. 

For fcrrtW information on the 13 sales 
this week, please telephone 01-581 761 1 
Christie's have 25 local offices in the U.K. 

If you would like to know the name of your nearest •• 
representative please telephone Caroline Trefigarne-; 

on 01-606 1848 







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• In January this year 5300 News Internationa! print 
workers went on strike in pursuit of a demand for "jobs for 
life"". The strike put the workers In breach of contract, for 
which they were sacked — as their strike ballot form had 
warned they could be. 

• The dispute came after several years in which the company 
had tried to reach agreement with the unions to open new 
plants at Tower Hamlets (Wapping) and Kinning Park, 
Glasgow, built at a combined cost of nearly £100 million. Over 
the years the unions had continually rejected company 
requests on mannin g and working conditions, hot the general 
background to the negotiations was many years of industrial 
anarchy at Gray's Inn Road {The Times, The Sunday Times) 
and Bonverie Street ( The Sun, News of the World) and an al- 
most daily tug of war between management and onions over 
who was running the company. 

• Finally, Rupert Murdoch decided to change tactics; to open 
the new plant at Tower Hamlets as a green-field site and to 
“start again" in a completely new relationship with the 
rations. It was the failure of the unions to accept the 
management's industrial relations blueprint for a proposed 
new evening paper, the London Post, that led to print walkers 
at all four existing titles going on strike. As a consequence, the 
four titles were moved to Wapping to maintain production. 

• A book on the origins and consequences of this historic dis- 
pute, The End of the Street, by Linda Melvern, provides a fas- 
cinating account of the workings of the newspaper industry, its 
management attitudes and its workforce practices. Neither 
News International nor Times Newspapers has co-operated 
with the author of the book (as she makes clear in a foreword). 
We do not necessarily associate ourselves with any statements 
presented as fact in the book nor any conclusions it readies. 
But The Times believes that the book is important as the first 
attempt at a non-partisan account of what has become, known 
as “The Wapping dispute" and so we begin today a four-part 

Changing Fleet Street: Murdoch outlines his plans lor the Post to ltis execut i ves. “Once he had decided he wanted something, he would throw money and energy into getting - 

Part 1: The dash for freedom 

I I was on Sunday February 
10 last year, in his elegant 
but comfortable 12-room 
apartment on Fifth Avenue 
in New York, that Rupert 
Murdoch outlined the “dash for 
freedom” that was to revolu- 
tionize his British newspaper op- 
eration. A group of executives had 
flown from London on Concorde 
the day before and the meeting, 
which began at 10 in the morning, 
took place around the diningroom 

The project discussed that day 
concerned the idea of a new 
London evening paper — the Post 
— which could eventually be 
expanded to a 24-hour paper with 
national distribution. One of those 
present described the gathering as 
a “brainstorming meeting. We 
discussed logistics." 

He added that if the company 
planned to produce a new paper 
using direct input by journalists — 
thus cutting out the need for 
typesetters — Murdoch “would be 
out of his mind not to make damn 
sure the unions could not close 

down his other four titles...if 
events turn out that you've pushed 
your luck, you've got a contin- 
gency plan.” 

This contingency plan would 
involve a computerized photoset- 
ting system. Speed was essential: 
there was no time for “stale of the 
art”. Murdoch tokl the gathering 
that he wanted a system that was 
“dead safe” with good logistic 
support. He said: “We are not 
taking risks.” 

Those around the table who 
were familiar with his style knew 
they would now be totally swept 
up by the plan — there would be 
nothing but work and no time for 
anything but what became known 
as the “Post Project” 

Of those present Bruce Mat- 
thews, the managing director of 
News International, had the most 
experience of Murdoch's addic- 
tion to challenge. He knew that 
Murdoch would now relentlessly 
drive them forward ■ with his 
absolute commitment to the 
project — the chairman was not 
known for looking backwards. 

Once he had derided he wanted 
something, he would throw 
money and energy into getting it. 

His enthusiasm was infectious. 
One executive described working 
on a Murdoch project as like 
“being on a magic carpet- Sud- 
denly you're oft” In the coming 
months, all of them would be 
caught up in a whirlwind of 

Matthews, an Australian who 
joined Murdoch in 1971 at the age 
of 47. was now to hive a strategic 
role in the Post project. But 
towards the summer oflasl year he 
began calling it “mission 
impossible” — though never in 
Murdoch's presence. 

It was no surprise to most of 
them in the apartment to see one 
of Murdoch’s more recent finds, 
Charles Wilson, then joint deputy 
editor of The Times. He was now 
to play an even more important 
role in the Murdoch empire. Also 
there was Christopher Polc-Ca- 
rew, who was loathed by the print 
unions for confronting them over 
new technology at the Evening 
Post in Nottingham, where Pole- 
Carew had been managing 

And the presence of Ken Taylor, 
Murdoch's technical director, had 

been enough to tell the others that 
whatever was in Murdoch’s mind, 
it would involve Wapping; h was 
Taylor’s plant, be knew every 
building, every screw, every rafter. 

That meeting was to mark the 
beginning of the end of trade 
union power in Fleet Street; but 
just what was Murdoch fleeing 

Murdoch had become exas- 
perated with Fleet Street's indus- 
trial relations problems, which 
were neither secret nor recent For 
years, the proprietors bad grap- 
pled with the industry’s labour 
problems: an overpaid workforce 
using outmoded equipment, 
overmanning, dosed shops and 
frequent wildcat strikes. 

Brenda Dean, general secretary 
of Sogat *82, came to national 
newspaper negotiations after 
many years in Manchester. She 
was appalled by what she found in 
Heet Street. “My job is to secure 
agreement by persuasion, cajoling, 
logic and sometimes force of 
personality based on other 
people’s belief in my sincerity and 
honesty,” she had said. “A skilled 
negotiator does not say to manage- 
ment 'pay up or you’ve got no 
paper tonight’.” 

The first time she had attended 

‘A Murdoch 
project is 

like a magic 
you’re off’ 

London negotiations was at Times 
Newspapers after the 1 1-month 
shutdown in 1979. There were 56 
Cbapd Fathers (office branch 
chairmen) in the room. “It was 
negotiation with mob instincts,” 
Dean said. 

“Have you ever attended a Feet 
Street funeral?" she asked once 
“It’s like the Mafia.” And she had 
never forgotten the time when, on 
her election as general secretary in 
August 1983. a television camera- 

man wanted to film her standing 
in a machine room; he had to pay 
the Chapel Father £25 for the 
privilege. The salaries some 
earned amazed Dean. 

But some seasoned union of- 
ficials thought that Dean ap- 
proached talks with News 
International as if she were dealing 
with boy scouts. 

The major problem — for 
managements and national union 
officials alike — was the Chapels 
(office branches); their power was 
absolute and their Fathers (chair- 
men) were baron-like. 

Ray James, who always came to 
work in a conservative navy blue 
suit carrying a briefcase, led Heet 
Street's biggest Chapel, the Sun 
machine room. He had a reputa- 
tion for always being after more 
money and one of his favourite 
stories was about how he coerced a 
manager into paying for his home 
telephone rental. 

James would strike out at 
anybody, including those — like 
Bruce Matthews — for whom he 
had a grudging respect During 
one dispute, Matthews marched 
into James's office. “I said it was 
his F — firm but he was in my 
office.” recalled James, telling 
Matthews to leave. Sometimes it 

was better to do as James said. 

Whatever the problems, James . . 
never Mamed Murdoch. He 
thought him a reasonable 
“guv ’nor”. He had sent Murdoch 
a telegram of congratulation when 
he bought The Times and Mur- 
doch replied that it was “part icu- 
lariy pleasing” to have heard from 

It was m the composing rooms, 
where stories were set into type 
and made up as pages, that the 
resistance to new technology was 
fiercest. The typesetters (linotype 
operators) considered themselves 
an elite within an due — they even 
kept their wages secret from 
national union officials. Their 
Chapels (office branches) were all- 

Most compositors can remem- 
ber a time when reaching £200 a 
week seemed an impossibility; by 
1985 Daily Express “comps” had 
leapt over the £1.100 a week 
hurdle and a 1 981 agreement at 
Murdoch's Sun guaranteed 
compositors £43.000 a year. 

The basis of their payments had 
been the “London scale of prices” 
which dated back 200 years: it 
guaranteed extra pay for setting 
different sizes of type, for setting 
corrections and even for leaving 

. 4 





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Open a Saver Plus Account. 
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a leaflet 




Have clout, will travel 

A t this time of year the 
political situation in 
Bermuda, Hawaii, 
Puerto Rico and the Caribbean 
becomes Intensely interesting. 
Conversely, all politics in 
places snch as Buffalo, 
Milwaukee and Minneapolis 
becomes a crushing bore. This 
explains why, like geese, mem- 
bers of Congress migrate with 
the seasons. 

Common Cause, a self- 
styled watchdog body based in 
Washington, has discovered 
that not one member of Con- 
gress managed to squeeze in a 
visit to frozen Buffalo during 
last Christmas's recess. That 
would seem to demonstrate 
that the wretched town's high 
unemployment and crumbling 
steel plants do not constitute a 
serious political situation 
when there is snow on the 

But members of Congress 
did go to Boca Raton, in 
Florida, and to Las Vegas, 
there to ponder politics on the 
son-soaked tennis court and 
golf course, aD expenses paid 
by those who needed to whis- 
per in Congress'S ear. 

Common Cause rail* these 
jonfcets “the hottest trend in 
Washington influence 
peddling”, which its research- 
ers uncovered by studying 
hu n d re ds of 1985 congres- 
sional financial disclosure 

Ibe “speaking fee” is a 
tune-honoured institu- 
tion, a way of seizing a 
congressman's attention, giv- 
ing him a day or two out of 
town and a cheque for $2,000 
or more by way of thanks. Bat 
it is being surpassed by the 
luxurious junket, with fancy 
hotels and sumptuous meals, 
sometimes with the family 
invited along. 

Some examples: Senator 
Darid Durenberger. a Minne- 
sota Republican and member 
of the Senate Finance 
Committee, took his two sons 

When winter comes, 
some US congressmen 
discover urgent — and 
well-paid — business 
that calls them away 
to warmer climates 

' >HCTI 

T-* i 5-^r 

on a six-day trip to Puerto 
Rico during New Year's week 
at the expense of two groups 
seeking to protect tax credits 
for US corporations that op- 
erate there. 

Senator and Mrs Max Bau- 
cus, Representative Nick Ra- 
il a 11 (with gnest) and 
Representative and Mrs 
Glenn Anderson went on an 
expenses-paid Caribbean 
cruise in August, courtesy of 
three anise lines that are 
concerned about legislation 
affecting the industry. 

Representative Barbara 
KenneUy and her husband had 
a six-day stay in March at 
Pebble Beach near Carmel, 
California, paid for by the 
Connecticut Business and In- 
dustry Association. 

Under ethics rules members 
must not accept gifts worth 
more than 5 100 from groups, 
individuals or corporations 
with a direct interest In federal 
bus, although members can 
be reimbursed with travel 
expenses incurred in connec- 
tion with speaking engage- 
marts and fact-finding trips. 
The rules explicitly forbid 
members accepting holidays 
or gifts from groups that have 
a direct interest in legislation 
before congress. 

Common Cause argues that 
by using creative interpreta- 
tions of the rules, many mem- 
bers and special interest 
groups have found a way to 
cloak free family holidays in 
the guise of legitimate 
reimbursements for speaking 
and fact-finding trips, “in 
many cases, particularly in the 
House of Representatives, 
members fail to report essen- 
tial information about their 
travels, making it difficult for 
the Press or the public to learn 
who is taking whom where and 
at what expense,” it notes. 

Few members, for example, 
divulge the dollar value of the 
trips on their annual financial 
disclosure statements, nor bow 
long they stayed. 

R epresentative Dan 
Rosteukowski, chair- 
man of the powerful 
Ways and Means Committee 
— who was severely criticized 
In 1982 when it was revealed 
that he spent more than 45 
days Out of town at special 
interest groups' expense — no 
longer provides details of his 
destinations on his disclosure 
form. But in 1985 be reported 
reimbursement for 36 trips. 
Rostenkowski's outside 

earnings are legendary on 
Capitol HflL An ordinary 
congressman earns $75,100, 
and honoraria are limited to 30 
per emit of that Anything 
more most be given to charity. 
In 1984 Rostenkowski polled 
in S93R00, which rose to 
$137,500 last year: charities 
do well out of him. 

The speaking fee has be- 
come an honourable way for a 
member of Congress to add 
$25,000 to his basic income 
(which all congressmen regard 
as being ridiculously low), but 
the newly arrived junket 
seems a shady addition to the 
influence-buying business. 

Christopher Thomas 

©Tlai* Hmpipm UMM 




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.The (Hint revolution: linotype operators (inset) used to set stories into metal type; now journalists use computerized keyboards and screens 

space between lines - a compos- 
itor could set 50 lines and be paid 
as if he had set 250. Disputes were 
. not only about mouev and con- 
ditions: they often involved the 
content of the papers. Fleet Street 
trade unions donated more than 
£1 million during the l <>84-85 
. miners* strike: there was a feeling 
of pessimism, that if the miners 
, lost the primers would be nest 
K Throughout the strike the Sim 
stridently supported the Govern- 
ment and some editorials and 
stories enraged union activists. 

. . .In January IMS4. during the 
miners* overtime ban. the Sun 
. . decided to run a ballot: “Miners. 
Tell us what you really think. This 
is the ballot Arthur Scargil! won't 
give vou." The ballot form was set 

in metal but John Brown. Imperial 
Father of the composing room 
(head of all thcChapelscombined) 
told the man putting the story into 
the page to stop work. 

Them was a heated row between 
Brown and Kelvin MacKenzie, 
Editor of the Sun, in which Brown 
demanded that MacKenzie run a 
disclaimer from the union. After 
two hours. MacKenzie agreed and 
he was also forced to run a 300- 
word article by Scargiil the next 

On another occasion MacKen- 
/ic refused to back down when the 
unions would not handle an 
editorial which said that too many 
miners, having been the salt of the 
earth, had become “the scum of 
the earth**. The dispute eventually 

kept the Sun off the streets for four 
days, much of it because of a row 
over which chapels should and 
should not be paid for the night 
the dispute began. 

It was against this background 
that Murdoch had called the Sew 
York meeting. It ended late in the 
afternoon and Murdoch's exec- 
utives, left with much to do. One 
key executive. John Keating. 
Murdoch's technical director, had 
a phone call to make that would 
change the face of the British 
newspaper industry forever. 


Extracted from The End of the 
Street, by Linda Mdvem, to be 
published by Methuen on Octo- 
ber 27 at £9.95 


Project X: how £ 10m 
worth of computer 
equipment was set 
up in secret 



Foul-mouthed fury 

W hen commenting 
on the problems be 
faced with the Brit- 
ish print onions, 
Rupert Murdoch 
would frequently mention one 
machine room~“I could go to my 
machine room at The Sunday 
Times , 500 people were employed 
there, I cmU never count more 
than 60 people at work at the 
same time. There wasn't much 
work going on.” 

On Saturday, January 11 this 
year — two weeks before the strike 
started — some Sunday Times 
printers saw the second edition 
copy anno tracing that a special 
supplement would be printed at 
Wapping a week later. They 
visited the machine room to see 
Roy “Ginger” Wilson. Wilson, 
Father of the Sunday Times Sogat 
machine Chapel, had a legendary 
reputation. He bad once swum the 
Thames for a bet and emerged so 
filthy that his men took him back 
to the machine room and threw 
buckets of water over him. 

An enormous, bullish man with 
a thick neck and bnge hands, his 
closely-cropped hair is still 
sandy, though he Is nearing sixty. 
His language is appalling. He 
seemed always on the verge of 
explosion. “What have yon done 
about it?” Wilson asked when he 
read the copy for the special 
section. “You've set the t — thing 
I suppose?” Wilson was becoming 
fed up with other chapels In die 
boil ding always relying on the 
machine men for action. After the 
compositors had left his office, 
Brenda Dean rang. She told him 
there were certain guarantees and 
that Wilson's men should print 
“1 was choked,” he said. 

But Wilson did not leave it 
tii ere. He toured the braiding in a 
rage until he fonnd Bill Gillespie, 
then managing director of Tunes 
Newspapers, who was with BiO 
O'Neill. Murdoch's vice-presi- 
dent for personnel and labour 
relations. “I went potty,” said 
Wilson. He told them they were 
dirty bastards. “You've taken the 
pas out of ns.” An overseer was 
so frightened he left the room. 

“Who do you think you are?” 
Wilson said to O'Neill, who was 
wearing a sou’wester with the 
words “Boston Bears” on the 
front “You're a bully boy and 
you're going to f — well crane 
unstuck. IT you do this again you 
won't get any movement at alL” 

Wilson had met O'Neill during 
negotiations over the Past in 
October last year. “He called ns 
■you guys',” said Wilson. “If 
there’s one thing I can’t stand it’s 

Roy “Ginger” Wilson, head of the Sunday Times machine men 

yankee talk like that He said it 
(the confrontation over Wapping) 
would be Ukeagunfightand when 
the dust had settled, whoever was 
left s tanding had won. I told him 
Td shoot him in the hade.” 

O nce, when Murdoch 
toured the Sunday 
Times machine room, 
Wilson claims to have 
told him: “If you don't 
piss off HI do you for 

He was equally abusive to 
Andrew Neil, Editor of The 
Sunday Tima. Wilson would call 
him ‘Andy baby' or ‘Sonny*. 

Although Wilson had held off 
on Dean's in s tr u ctio n s over the 
January 12 announcement of the 
special supplement he was less 
pliant on January 18, when the 
supplement was due to be printed 
at Wapping. The rest of the 
paper, as nsnaL, was being printed 
at Gray's Inn Road, but Wilson 
told his people “they conld pull it 
We would put the plates on and 
then destroy it” 

At midday on January 18, Dean 
called Wilson to a meeting. He 
left, telling the men: “Don’t do f— 
all before I get hack.” Tony 
Dubbins of the NGA was at the 
meeting, along with Dean, other 
Sogat officials, and Tony Isaacs, 
Imperial Father of the News of the 
World machine room ChapeL 

Dubbins told them the unions 
were being provoked; the ballot 
for a strike had already been held 
but they should await the result 
before taking action. 

• Wilson, said Dubbins later, 
“was vehement in his views”. 
Wilson said: “They pleaded with 
ns to print. 1 could not accept it. If 
they got the paper out with scab 
labour, we might as well give up 
the ghost.” Bnt they persuaded 
him — Wilson found it hard to 
argue with Dean. “She's a 
woman,” he said. 

Bnt at 4pm Wilson called a 
meeting of his men. About 400 
were there. “There was a patter of 
tiny feet,” he recalls. “In came 
Bill Gillespie. He says to me 
“unless you are hack at work in 
five minutes you're all fired'. I 
told him if he stayed a minute 
longer he'd be lynched.” 

Wilson told his men to prepare 
the presses, but be also said: “Be 
my guest, boys — I don't expect 
you to pay attention to fine detail. 
We wfl] do it our way tonight.” 
Half the edition was tost 

Although the strike ballot re- 
sult would not be announced until 
later in the week, everyone knew 
it would be a rote for action. 
When Wilson left the building at 
630 on the Sunday morning, he 
thought he was entering a strike 
like any other. 




ft*— V *' - 

ftrfc**.-- 4 -- 

tire greatest war 



British agent Harry Martmeau masquerades as 
Stajidartenfuhrer Max Vogel — destination Nazi 
occupied Jersey. 

His mission — to find a wounded American 
Colonel in possession of the D-Day invasion' 

plans to find him and get him out 

or take him out. 





)n Sale 

— * * 

J*t» : 

#* *»< **■ • 






victims of murder 



';•••• ■ ..V . 

v’< V*&*'*v*V.\ " 

The murders of 

Karen Hadaway and 

Nicola Fellows 

(above) have left their 
families devastated 

Peter Evans talks to 

parents who have 

suffered the same fate 

and have formed a 

grqup to help them 
cope with the grief 

P eople may cross the road 
to avoid speaking to 
them. They need the 
chance of help, but al- 
most no one knows what 
kind to give. They are the 
Parents of Murdered Children, and 
their lives will never be the same 
again. The group, which is helping 
45 families of children in many 
parts of Britain who were victims of 
murder or manslaughter, provides 
them with a chance to come to 
terms with themselves. 

People lend to avoid parents of 
murdered children because, if they 
have not shared the experience, they 
do not know what it is like or are not 
quite sure what to say; they want to 
steer clear of something too big for 
them to cope with. M It makes you 
feel isolated”, parents say. “like a 
leper”. Mr John Patient, who lost a 
daughter, said of those who passed 
by: “If only someone had just 
waved and gone on I could have 
accepted it.” Mrs Heather Howden, 
a member of the group, actually 
takes the initiative to put people at 
their ease. 

The group is a way out of 
isolation. The parents say they can 
let their hair down, laugh or cry or 
release their anger in calls for capital 
punishment. Beneath the convivial- 

Sharing the heartbreak, parents whose children have been murdered: (from left) John Patient, Ann Robinson, June Patient, Wendy Turner, 
Margaret Buttle, John Turner, John Buttle, Daphne Vanghan, Peter Robinson and Joyce Sadler 

confirmation that there is life after 
death.” There are mixed feelings 
about religion. Mrs Margaret Buttle, 
whose son was killed, said: “Why 
did 1 bring up my kids in a Christian 
way. when this can happen?" Be- 
cause of the strength of her feelings 
towards his assailants, she does not 
go to church anymore. She cannot 
ask to have her trespasses forgiven 
as she would forgive those who have 
trespassed against her. “I would feel 
a hypocrite", she said. 

When there is a murder the rest of 
the family suffers too, not least 
because parents are frightened to let 
children out of their sight They 
suffer nightmares and one girl now 

The feeling that is so 
difficult to come to 
terms with is sheer 
horror at the way they 
have actually died’ 

ity of a meeting in the Enfield home 

of one murder victim there was 
obvious pain and tension, a search 
to come to terms with the horror 
they have experienced. Eight fam- 
ilies were represented that 

Above all they can talk about 
their children almost as if they were 
alive, passing photographs round 
like any other family. Mrs Ann 
Robinson, the group’s co-ordinator, 
said: “We feel that because we have 
come together, all the children have 
come together too.” 

Mr David Howden, who lost his 
daughter Tessa, aged 19, on January 
10. said: “You can't accept that ail 
that love and those thoughts and 
aspirations have gone." His wife has 
read books on reincarnation. 

Most of the parents have been to 
spiritualists. One said: “You go for 

17, said: “My childhood ended at 
nine when my brother was 

Lives can be shattered. One 
parent has, through ill-health as a 
result of his daughter's death, 
sacrificed more than £20,000 in lost 

Anniversaries are the worst times. 
Mrs Robinson said a lot of the 
feelings the parents had would arise 
over the death of any child, no 
matter how it occurred. “The part 
that is so difficult to come to terms 
with is the sheer horror of the way 
they actually die. I have physically 
vomited because the anniversary is 
coming up." 

She was in Germany with her 
soldier husband when her son, aged 
13, was murdered on his way to a 
youth club. 

Christmas brings few tidings of 
comfort and joy, rather a bleak 
sense of loss. Mr Jack Heathfield 
said his 28-year-old daughter died 
on October 9, 1981. “Nobody got 

any presents. There was no more 
Christmas shopping. No Christinas 
meal. We do have one now. But 
now it is just another roast. It is 

Mrs Buttle said: “I have never put 
up decorations." 

Tragedy has drawn Mrs Daphne 
Vaughan and Mrs Joyoe Sadler 
together in their expressions of grief 
Robert Vaughan, aged 17, and 
Michelle Sadler, of the same age. 
were killed in February 1984. "They 
are both buried in the same grave." 
Mrs Sadler said. “We were only 
allowed to see them once, at the 
Coroner’s Court at Southwark. That 
was through a glass screen. We 
would have liked to see them a 
couple more times." 

She took a photograph of Mi- 
chelle to put in the coffin. “Unless 
I'm picked up I have to take two 
buses to go to the cemetery. I go 
once a fortnight I also go on the day 
they were murdered and on their 
birthdays with Mr and Mrs 
Vaughan. It was Robert's 20th 
birthday on August 15.” 

Speaking from her home, Mrs 
Sadler sai± I sit her for hours. I 
think about what she had gone 
through. We never knew the 
motive. I suffer from a blocked 
memory. I imagine it was the shock. 
I can't sleep. I'm frightened of being 

daughter of John and Wendy 
Turner, was murdered in France 
while studying A level French on an 
exchange from a college. Mr and 
Mrs Turner and the French police 
were under the impression that they 
would be met by someone from the 
British Embassy in Paris, but they 
were not. “We phoned the embassy 
for help while we were there but 
they didn't help, and we com- 
plained afterwards through an MP. 
They said they had done everything 
they could in getting her out of the 

Mr and Mrs Turner say they were 
told by the police to go home after 
being shown the scene of the murder 

‘We had no one to 
come, like a social 
worker, and offer a 
shoulder we could 
have leant on 9 

and the body in the mortuary. “We 
refused to leave unless we took her 
body with us.” They had to pay fora 
private aircraft to get Samantha's 

Her flat was empty and she had not 
gone to work. After persistent calls 
to the police station, he said, they 
told him they would put her on the 
missing list. “We had no one to 
come, like a social worker, and offer 
a shoulder we could have leant on. 
Although we were Christians we 
were not church-goers, but the local 
vicar got to hear of the problem and 
came to us.” 

The group is within Com- 
passionate Friends, a self-help 
organization for bereaved parents. 
The National Association of Vic- 
tims Support Schemes is providing 
experience and backing. A project 
has been set up in Essex to. give 
more aid to families of murder and 
manslaughter victims. Other agen- 
cies involved include police, the 
probation service and Cruse, which 
handles all kinds of bereavement 

Miss Helen Reeves, director of 
NAVSS, said it dealt with the police, 
courts, compensation and possibly 
funerals. If necessary it would refer 
people either to Cruse or Com- 
passionate Friends.. 

Now NAVSS has decided to 
provide, in London, the first inner- 
city counselling scheme to hei 
.families of murder victims. 



body out as expeditiously as pos- want 12 experienced pedple'to’wqrfc 

Though she praised the police for 
the way they looked after the 
mourners at the funeral, and Mrs 
Vaughan said they were marvellous 
in supporting them at the trial, there 
were misgivings. Mrs Vaughan said; 
“I felt threatened by the police 
attitude. You don't know how to 
behave. I expected the police to be 
sympathetic, but they weren't I 
understand now that that is the 
system, because we could have done 
it — that’s how they look at iL But 
later they were extremely 

The ambivalence towards police 
and other officialdom came out 
most strongly in cases that had 
happened abroad. Samantha, 

sible. It cost £2,000. 

The 1 3-year-old daughter of John 
and June Patient was in New 
Zealand with them when she was 
murdered. Mr Patient is a roofer. It 
cost twice as much as the passenger 
fere to bring their daughter borne 
with them. Her assailant has never 
been caught. 

One of the most distressing 
aspects of their case is that they do 
not know to whom to turn for 
information. They say there is no 
one to answer questions at the main 
police station in Auckland. Mr 
Patient said: “I wrote 10 weeks ago 
asking for my daughter’s earrings 
and ring. I have had no reply." 

Mr Heathfield had the appalling 
experience of finding his daughter's 
body in a boiler-room under her flat 
in Camberwell, south-west London. 

voluntarily with them," Miss 
Reeves said. “We want a paid 
person to set up a training pro- 
gramme, co-ordinate work and 
monitor it” 

The need is urgent “We have so 
many strong- emotions and ir-. 
rational thoughts and feelings " Mrs 
Robinson said. “Some people think 
they are going out of their minds 
and it helps them to know other 
peqple with similar feelings. Be- 
cause there are people in the same 
position it gives you hope. For die 
first two or three years you feel you 
don’t want to live, then you have 
other responsibilities to keep you 
going. I know of only two bereaved 
parents, not in the group, who have 
committed suicide. Most of them 
do find some sort of inner strength 
to go on.” 

From Miss Si hie Ton. 
Henburv House. H idcombe 
Hill. Balk Wiltshire. 


1 read Colin Duncan on friend- 
ship (Wednesday Page, Octo- 
ber 8) with a degree of concern. 
The article undermines the 
depth of feeling which often 
exists between women friends, 
by portraying the frivolous 
manner in which snch 
relationships are formed. 

Mm may well be more 
reticent and selective when 
making friends, but this does 

not mean that they value them 
more. It indicates rather that 
they take longer In deciding 
with whom they have the most 
in common, and whether he 
will prove to be a valuable 

This takes time. Women are 
neither willing, nor particu- 
larly capable, of dealing with 
long gaps of loneliness and 
will therefore make many 
acquaintances. This inherent 

gregariousness does not al- 
ways result In “flippant 

It just allows us the freedom 
of wider choice, to find the few 
dose and trustworthy friends 
we too cherish for life. 

From Rosemary Anderson. 
Broadway Lane, Fladbury, 
Fershore, Worcestershire 

Colin Duncan is to be 
congratulated on bringing to 
the public the qualities of 
journalism of a bygone age. Do 
bring us more. 

A recipe for drudgery 

re 9 en .( street 

<L\ P r «a% 

clj london 


01 - 43 ^ 3)090 

I know a woman who has 
mastered domestic technol- 
ogy. Her fully-equipped 
kitchen lacks only a set of 
sharp knives to be the envy of 
Anton Mo5siraan. But she 
doesn't notice the absence of a 
single Sabatier, since she made 
certain that her self-cleaning 
m en is big enough to take the 
caterers’ trays which are 
brought in whenever she 
entertains at home. When she 
isn't, she eats out. As a mutual 
friend said: "The only thing 
that woman can make for 
dinner is a table reservation.” 

WelL at least she can claim 
that her oven is truly labour- 
raving, which is more than I 
can. Since my stove can switch 
itself on in my absence, there 
is no excuse for me not to 
prepare a stew at the crack of 
dawn, to be magically heated- 
up while I'm away. So bang 
goes the excuse that since I’ve 
been oul all day it would be a 
good idea logo to McDonalds. 

1 groan whenever a new 
appliance gets itself invented. 
Soup was something that 
came out of a tin. without 
anyone complaining, before 
you were able to buy an 
electrical beater which turned 
vour leftover vegetables into 
sludge and left you with an 
electrical beater to wash up. 

Ice cream and waffles were 
treats you went out for until it 
became possible to make them 
both without moving from 
your own kitchen, which 
means you spend even more 
lime in iL 

I don't suppose there is a 
woman in the world who can 
claim that now she has a 
washing-machine, microwave 
and coffee-bean grinder, she 
has the time to take a job. 
lover, or lengthy bubble-bath. 
Far from it. once the washing- 
machine is installed, you stop 
sending everything to the dry’ 
cleaner. You even inspect the 
label inside a skirt before 
buying it to check that it is 
machine-washable. And since 
this is probably the last thing 
on Jasper Conran’s mind 
when designing his collection. 

in the servants' ball. 



you can end up looking a lot 
less chic than formerly, as well 
as frittering away your life 
stuffing unfashionable bits of 
Courtelle through your front- 

ironing, more folding, more 
hanging-up and putting away. 
Washing-machine ownership 
also means that dirt appears 
before your eyes where none 
did before. Table-mats are 
whisked into the laundry- 
basket on account of an 
almost invisible gravy stain, 
where once they would have 
received a quick dab with a 
damp cloth. 

Children are removed from 
a muddy garden, changed 
from top to toe and sent out to 
play in the mud again. Domes- 
tic appliances are about as 
liberating as being taken away 
in a Black Maria. 

Enslaved by domestic tech- 
nology as we are. there is no 
point pining for the days of 
Upstairs . Downstairs. I 'have 
just read a profile of the writer 
Molly Keane who. when she 
married in 1938. employed a 
cook, a groom and a butler. 
Hours of her days were taken 
up with planning the mentis 
and when agreement had fi- 
nally been reached, the cook 
would deliver the clincher. 
“And what is to be for dinner 

Whether you run an attic 
full of servants or a fiilly- 
automaric living capsule, if 
you are in sole charge of all the 
domestic thinking, your life 
will never be your own. Sur- 
vey after survey shows that 
men are not pulling their 
weight as far as household 
management goes, even if 
their wives have jobs outside 
the home. I do not think this is 
because men are selfish, un- 
caring brutes; they just lack 
foresight and perspicacity. If 
asked they will change a nappy 
or cook the supper. Bio, 
without prompting, it does not 
occur to them that the baby is 
sodden or that come 8pm, the 
family is going to start feeling 
peckish. So rather than .waste 
time explaining such things to 
their uncomprehending ears, 
their wives find It easier to do 
everything themselves. 

Until Thinking Ahead is 
taught co-educau'onally to A- 
levd standard, there is no 
answer to the domestic di- 
lemma beyond getting rich 
beyond the dreams of avarice 
and making liberal use of the 
caterer, the diy -cleaner and 
the interior design consultant 

Anyone for the 
new knees up? 

There is nothing as uplifting as 
hearing about a problem that 
you haven't got. so / tvos 
delighted to come across the 
term " squinting paidlas”. 
which isn 5 a new kind of cigar 
but knees that mm and face 
each other. If you suffer from 
tins affliction, y ou are warned 
not to indulge in the new 
ex erase craze, which is called 
law-impact aerobics . . 

My knees stick straight out 
like two knobbly skulls but / 
have no intention of indulging 
in low-impact aerobics either. 
Knees get epiite enough ex- 
ercise as one occasionally 
timsra one’s legs during an 
evening's lolling about on a 

Jtflh bo 

The plain truth 
about beauty 

American research 

confirms what we 

have always thought: 

a woman's face is 

often her fortune 

If you believe that psycholo- 

gists have a solicitor’s fluency 
to make the obvious sound 
profound, take.heart from the 
results of sortie- American 
research. The: findings reveal 
that very attractive women 
have adecidedadvantageover . 
their less attractive peers, and 
that Aristotle was right when 
be concluded that beauty was 
a better recommendation than 
any letter of introduction. 

These and other truisms are 
contained in the successful 
doctoral thesis, “Benefits Of 
Beauty”, submitted by one Ms 
Deborah Then/ who studied 
social and organ izational 
psychology at the Stanford 
University School of Educa- 
tion in California. (One would 
have thought that average 
eyesight and even a cursory 
acquaintance with the films 
and TV programmes ! of 
nearby Hollywood would 
have rendered such a disserta- 
tion superfluous, but then it is 
never easy to select an accept- 
able topic for a PhD thesis-) 

In fairness to doughty Deb- 
orah, it must be said that when 
she was' discussing her plans 
with her professor,' he (of 
course) dismissed the idea of' 
measuring the impact of phys- 
ical attractiveness as an un- 
important woman’s issue. But 
'when she came bade to tell 
him she had decided to go 
ahead, she found him leafing 
through photographs of. 
undergraduates : and 

complaining there were no 
good-lookiiig women among 
them. After that, there was no 
stopping Ms Then. 

She set about her research 
with vigour and discipline. 
First she collected 99 photo- 
graphs (why not 100?) of 
students attending a business 
school in Eastern USA. In- 
explicably they were all smil- 
ing Caucasians, in obvious 
defiance of the “Mack is 
beautiful" proposition. None 
wore glasses, in possible def- 
erence- to Dorothy Parker V 
warning that “men - don't 
•make - passes at women in - 
glasses", and none (women par. 
men) sprouted any fedal hair. 
Twelve Stanford students, six 
males and six females, were 
then asked to judge the looks 
of each person on a scale of 
one to five. 

suitable co-workers and (b) as 
a potential friend or date. 

After all that effort and 
time. Ms Then found that 
broadly speaking most people 
-'considered beauty 10 be very 
important, though “average- 
looking’’ women topped the 
list of desired co-workers (fol- 
lowed by ■ average-looking 
men). This supported her 
thesis that “in work-related 
evaluations, neither extremely 
attractive nor unattractive in- 
.dividuals are desired as co- 
workers . . . because in some 
work situations, me n an d 
women don’t want the distrac- 
tion of an exceptionally good- 
looking co- worker”. 

Less surprisingly, very 
attractive females topped the 
. list of most desired friends, 
with very unattractive females 
at the bottom of the league 
table. The same gradation 
applied to potential dales. As 
Ms Then primly puts it: 
“Social desirability seems to 
be in direct proportion to any 
individual's physical 
attractiveness". But she de- 
. tected a significant difference 
. between the attitudes of the 
two sexes: “Men tend to prize 

beauty more, while . women 
cite a man's earning capacity 
as the most important cri- 
terion for date-selection", 
confirming what many a luck- 
less Lothario has discovered 
to his not insignificant cost 

From this original batch, 
Ms Then selected 12 photo- 
graphs for the final test These 
were qplit into three groups of 
four, judged' by the previous 
panel as being . "very 
attractive", . “average" and 
“very unattractive”'. Armed 
with these photos of six men 
and six Women. 'Ms Then, 
attached them to a fictitious 
curriculum vitae and asked 72 
Stanford students (divided 
into 35 males and 37 females) 
to assess the applicants (a) as 

In a valiant effort to placate 
militant feminists and give 
hope to plain Japes, Ms Then 
says we should not become 
paranoid about our looks. But 
women should be aware of the 
contradictory demands made 
on them by a male-oriented 
society: they must be attrac- 
tive to be desirable but are 
considered vain if they care 
about their looks. She argues 
that it is society which stresses 
the importance of good looks, 
and not women, who are 
simply reacting to a world in 
which men set the standards. 

Unfortunately, Ms Then 
makes no suggestions as to 
how this state of affairs could 
be changed. Until she or 
another psychologist comes 
up with the answer “average 
and very unattractive, women 
might find solace in the words 
of Socrates that beauty is 
nothing but a short-lived 

Andrew Wiseman 

©Time* Nninqupam LM II 



1 Melodious sounds 

4 Dough roll (7) • 

8 Saintly reminder (5) 
9 . Young chicken (7) 
10 Leal's youngest ■ 
daughter (8) . 

J1 Rage (4) 

13 Chanced I) 

17 Responsibility (4> 

18 Sharp manner (8) 

21 Dense(7) 

22 FreqoerdyiS) 

23 Withdrawn (7) 

24 Heron-like wader (3) 


1 Musical shaker (6) 

2 Son (dated (5) 

3 Flowerpo t container 

,4 Cultured (13) 

S Sauce base 14) 

4 Sicken (7) 

7. De&y departure (6) 
12. PtusdO neutralizer 


14. Plunge (7)- . . 

15 Football (6). 

16 Young swan (6) 

19 Tarlca animal (5) 

20 Just (4) 








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Lost for 

Government officials who attend 
a meeting at the English Speakin 
Union in London today shoul 
not be surprised by the absence of 
the main speaker. General Indar 
Jit Rikhye. A distinguished Indian 
soldier and former military ad- 
viser to the United Nations, he has 
fallen foul of the new visa restric- 
tions which have resulted in huge 
queues at Heathrow. Rikhye was 
due to speak on “Western Europe 
and Peacekeeping Worldwide”, 
but was told in Bombay that the 
new rules made his visit to 
London impossible; he promptly 
left for America, where he now 
lives. When I contacted his wife in 
New York last night she was 
diplomatically unTorthcoming. 
Organizers of the meeting were 
more blunt: “It's an international 
scandal”, said one. 

• This 
carton of 
toothpaste was 
from Hong 
Kong by a 
colleague. And 
thinks it has 
with black 
coffee and 

Kitcatt break 

MPs will return to the Commons 
tomorrow to find that the Speaker 
is about to appoint a new sec- 
retary. The congenial Bill Beau- 
mont is to retire soon, and his 
successor will be Peter Kitcatt. a 
senior civil servant who until last 
Friday was the Treasury's watch- 
dog on defence spending. This 
may be something of a break for 
Kitcatt who. if not as brittle as his 
confectionary namesake, keeps his 
flavour under wraps. “I am very 
much looking forward to it,” he 
told me yesterday. And then, with 
all the self-projection of a Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, “I have a very 
ordinary Civil Service 
background.” And yet. at the age 
of 58 he is taking on a daunting 
job, for which a fiat in the Palace 
of Westminster is at least some 
compensation for the ghastly 
hours. If Kitcatt runs into diffi- 
culties during the early days, help 
will always be qear at hand: he 
lives in Croydon, the north-east of 
which is Bernard WeatherilTs own 

• Since when has freedom been a 
thing of shame? An ad for die 
right-wing Freedom Association 
inviting readers to send for its 
booklet “exposing Marx and Eng- 
els as racists” aids: “It will be sent 
to yon in a plain cover”. 


With the grind of another par- 
liamentary session almost upon 
her, Mrs Thatcher must be looking 
forward with ever keener anticipa- 
tion to retirement to her neo- 
Georgian fortress in Dulwich. But 
a word of caution. In its latest 
newsletter, the local Labour Party 
points out that Dulwich is the 
second most marginal Tory seal in 
London (1983 majority 1,859) 
and confidently asserts: "Mrs 
Thatcher will be represented by a 
Labour MP.” Good knockabout 
politics that could, however, re- 
bound. Faced with such a pros- 
pect, she might decide to stay at 
No 10 forever. 


'Must be fanny seeing a telly 
that's never had Wogan on it* 

No latitude 

It may be a question of degree but 
there is an unholy fuss going on in 
Rome over the siting of the city’s 
first mosque. A miscalculation 
-means that the recently completed 
building points towards Tel Aviv 
instead of Mecca. The Italian 
architect is trying to placate angry 
Muslims while at the same time 
keeping his building intact ... to 
“say nothing of his reputation. 

• One dish the Queen was not 
offered in her sea sing meal with 
the Chinese president was Keluga 
caviar. The pearl-grey eggs from 
the giant sturgeon caught in the 
Amur river are for export only. 
And no exceptions. 


•At the exhibition of his 
"Greeneland" paintings. Paul Ho- 

S rth tells me of a letter Graham 
recne wrote Hogarth on his 
return from painting a leper 
colony in Zaire, hoping he would 
not suffer the response Greene had 
from Edith Sitwell when he came 
back from a similar colony, the 
basis of his novel .4 Burnt-Out 
Caw. Edith refused to kiss him. 

• PHS 

Seven months to May 1987; 12 
months to October 1987; 19 to 
May 1988. By any reckoning the 
next election is not for away. 

British election campaigns are 
brief and the exact date is seldom 
announced more than a month in 
advance. But they always cast a 
long shadow before — and it seems 
to be getting longer. In the United 
States every fourth year of govern- 
ment is paralysed by a presidential 
election. By the time we cast our 
votes on the party to lead Britain 
into the 1990s we may fed we 
have gone through a similarly 
elongated trauma. 

Last May Ladbrokes was quot- 
ing Labour, at 11-8 on, as 
favourites to get most seats. Today 
the Conservatives, at 13-8 on, are 
preferred. The odds will certainly 
move again. We have got used to 
volatile voters. 

Five years ago. within a mere 18 
months each of the parties at one 
point dropped to 27 per cent or 
less in the polls and at another 
touched 50 per cent During the 
1983 campaign Alliance support 
went down to 13 per cent and up 
to 28 per cent. Within the last 
year, each of the three parties has 
been on top in more than one 
national survey. 

Polls this year do suggest a new 
stabilization. Since Neil Kinnock 
became leader. Labour has never 
fellen below a third of the vote in 
MORI'S monthly polls and since 
January has stayed between 36 
and 37 per cent The Alliance in 
that time has registered between 
20 and 29 per cent But a 
continuation of this general stabil- 
ity cannot be taken for granted. 

The basic arithmetic of the next 
election is worth repealing. 
Assuming uniform nationwide 
movements from the 1983 results. 
Labour and the Conservatives 
alike need at least 38 per cent of 
the vote to get a clear majority 
with 326 seats; the Alliance, with 
its strength more evenly spread, 
must get a daunting 42 per cent. 

As Labour and the Conser- 
vatives strive for that goal, neither 
knows how to treat the Alliance's 
supporters. Should they be won 
over with smiles and soft words? 
Or are they to be hounded 
roughly, with the risk that they 
might be driven into the rival pen? 

So far both Conservative and 
Labour have done their best to 

Guessing game 
all round in 
quest for votes 

by David Butler 

ignore the Alliance. It was notable 
how little of the oratory at 
Blackpool and at Bournemouth 
was directed against the two 
Davids and their followers. (Since 
two out of three Conservative 
MPs had an Alliance candidate as 
runner-up in 1983, this stood out 
starkly at Bournemouth). _ 

If in the next election the 
Conservative and Labour guns 
stay trained on each other, and 
they score hits on each other's 
credibility, where wifi the disillu- 
sioned voters go? Surely they are 
more likely to take refuge in the 
Alliance's middle-of-the-road ha- 
ven than to cross to the other side. 

However, for the moment To- 
ries and Labour come out of the 
conference season with for more 
grounds for optimism than the 
Alliance. The Conservatives are 
united and cheerful and breathing 
down Labour's neck in the polls. 
One has to go back 33 years to find 
a governing party in a better 
position IS months before an 

Yet the Conservatives do have 
to cope with their record on 

unemployment and their “un- 
caring" image. They are seen less 
favourably than Labour on afi the 
key welfare issues — health, educa- 
tion, housing and pensions. They 
preside over an economy with an 
uncertain outlook. They are. as the 
party m power, more liable to be 
the victims of unforeseen mishaps 
or scandals. And after seven years 
in office they cannot readily put 
the blame cm others. 

Labour can riaixn that Ned 
Kinnock now looks a true party 
leader and that his party is more 
united, and wish a higher standing 
in the polls, than so. almost any 
palm in the last decade: Yet 
despite Kinnock’s skilful manage- 
ment; Labour can never be sure 
that its own divisions will not 
discredit it, with left-wingers 
presenting ammunuioc to the 
enemy. More seriously, the polls 
suggest that Labour is vulnerable 
on the central issues of disarma- 
ment ("Labour will leave us 
defenceless”) and higher public 
spending (“Where's tire money 
coming from?”). 

There is also the spectre of what 

the stock market and foreign 
exchanges might do if. as the vote 
drew near, the polls were forecast- 
ing a labour victory. Would an 
avalanche of selling and a flight of 
capital provoke a robust rallying 
of support or, more probably, a 
switch of allegiance? 

The All iance has not had a good 

month but it can point to the 
summer by-elections - triumph ax 
Ryedaie and near-misses in West 
Derbyshire and Newcastle-under- 
Lyme. In the by-elections this year 
(and indeed of the whole par- 
liament) the Alliance has won 
appreciably more votes than ei- 
ther Conservative or Labour, and 
in local by-elections it also does 
wdL Its weakness in recent opin- 
ion polls may obscure an under- 

iowever, tire Alliance, depen- 
dent upon disillusion with Labour 
and even more with the Conser- 
vatives, must feel queasy. The big 
parties have formidable resources, 
lire Liberal assembly vote on 
defence was a damaging blow. 
Owen and Steel will doubtless 
patch up a compromise, and when 
the election comes and gives them 
a fair share of time on the box they 
may count on their telegenic 
charm to win back some support. 
But in the last resort they may be 
crowded out of tire big battle 
unless one or both of the major 
contenders mishandles its case. 

The uncertainties are manifold. 
As the past week has shown, 
summitry, m which Britain has no 
part, can transform the defence 
argument Oil politics and world 
price movements, which Britain 
cannot influence, can transform 
the economic situation. By-elec- 
tions, party squabbles or. alas, 
terrorist bombs can transform the 
political scene. 

Over the past month my own 
betting odds have marginally 
changed to favour tire Conser- 
vatives. Today I would suggest 
that it is 40 per cent likely that the 
election will produce a hung 
parliament; 35 per cent likely that 
there will be a clear Conservative 
majority, and 25 per cent that 
there wifi be a dear Labour 
majority. Only one thing is cer- 
tain: those probabilities will alter 
several times between now and 
polling day. 

Q TtaM Nmqpfpm, 19ML 

The author is a fellow of Nuffield 
College. Oxford. 

The recent correspondence about 
bats may well have provided for 
many people the first intimation 
that it is now a serious criminal 
offence, with substantial penalties, 
to disturb a bat; if you find a 
colony ofbats in your loft and take 
them, gently arid without even 
frightening them, to a hollow tree 
in your garden, you are liable to be 
prosecuted and fined up to £1,000. 

I am not making this up, and it 
is not a joke. The bat law was 
slipped, a year or two ago, into a 
wider measure; but however it got 
there, nobody in Parliament 
pointed out that it was an outrage, 
so Britain now has a law which 
makes a criminal out of anyone 
found guilty of annoying a bat. 

That does have its comic side, I 
agree, though its implications are 
not in the least funny. And I want 
to mention another episode which 
has a number of similarities to the 
bat story. You may recall that the 
measure originally proposed for 
making compulsory the wearing of 
seat-belts in the front of motor- 
cars was defeated in Parliament 
Normally, such a defeat would 
have been accepted (compare the 
rejection of the Sunday trading 
proposals), but the lobby which 
was determined to compel motor- 
ists to fasten their seat-belts 
refused to abandon their cam- 
paign, and they had only to wait a 
short while for victory. 

There is no point in going over 
that argument again, but there has 
been one important sequel. No 
mention was made by the seat-belt 
lobby during the campaign of 
extending the legislation to pas- 
sengers in the back seats; we were 
carefully given to understand that 
the lobby had no further demands. 
But as soon as the measure 
became law, they began to de- 
mand that it should be extended. 
Whether it is good or bad to fasten 
seat-belts in the back of a car is not 
the point; the point will be how we 
were compelled to, and by whom, 
and with what motives they acted. 

I have never believed that our 
democracy is likely to foil in a 
coup organized by Mr Bernie 
Grant, Mr Ted Knight and Mr 
Derek Hatton; our political centre 
of gravity is set reassuringly low. 
"Hiough we should bear in mind 
that after the next general election, 
even if the Labour Party does not 
win iu there will be scores of MPs 
who reject parliamentary demoo 
racy altogether.) The frontal as- 
sault on our society can be 
frontally met, and contained; but 
there is also the indirect approach 
to be considered. 

I have written a good deal in 
the last couple of years, about the 
Single Issue Fanatics, those 
monomaniacal figures whose en- 
tire lives are given over to one, 
usually very narrow, cause, and in 
whose seething brains there has ' 
grown up the notion that their 
cause permits them any action 
whatever, including serious crim- 
inal damage to property and 
physical violence to people. But I 
believe that these groups, though 
they are much more than a 
nuisance, will not seriously harm 
our society or our democracy. But 
there is another route into the 
citadel, and it is. at present at least 
not well guarded. 

We are familiar with extremists 
of the Right and extremists of the 
Left. Now. I think, it is time to 
face the fact that we are in danger 
from extremists of the Centre. 

These are people who would 
never commit crimes for their 
cause, much less injure other 
human beings; they do not have 
the blind stare and unreachable 
mind of the Single Issue Fanatics; 
they are even, in some ways, 
admirable citizens. But what 
makes them dangerous is their 
suffocating sense of their own 

The new Army of the Righteous 
are few in number, but great and 
growing in influence- Unlike the 

Bernard Levin 

Keep Nanny 
strapped in 
the back seat 

familiar enemies of freedom, and 
most of the Single Issue Fanatics, 
they rarely claim to speak for 
millions; they claim only, but 
implacably, that they know what 
is best for us alL These people are 
the Moral Minority; they have no 
regard for democracy, not because 
they are totalitarian at heart but 
because they are so unshakeably 
convinced that theirs, and theirs 
alone, is the right path, that they 
will go to any lengths to impose 
upon millions who reject their 
beliefs the obligation to conform 
to them. 

. I do not exaggerate their convic- 
tion; one of the less 
aspects of the Honeyford affair 
was revealed in a thoughtful, 
impartial and well-researched 
study of it published when it was 
all oyer. The dominant charac- 
teristic of those running the 
campaign against Mr Honeyford 
was found to be that they were 
literally unable to conceive of the 
possibility that they might be 

Let us now look in some detail 
at the aims and methods of the 
Moraj Minority. Its most obvious 
sub-division — in their behaviour 
probably also the nastiest - are the 
anti-smoking extremists, whose 
language and demands have long 
since taken on the foil flavour of 
the persecutor, of course, smoking 
is very dangerous, but they are not 
content to point that out to those 
actually or potentially is danger, 
let alone to help and encourage 
them to abandon or resist the 
habit No. they know what is 
right for us. and they will not rest 
until they have made smoking a 
criminal offence; the argument 
that in a democrat^ adults should 
be allowed to decide such matters 
for themselves simply cannot be 
got into their heads, for at heart 
they are simply not democrats. 

Nor - and they will soon be as 
powerful and nasty as the ami- 
smoking extremists — are the food 
persecutors, that pestilent group 
who are in turn unable to confine 
themselves to pointing out the 

Paula Youana 

unhealthy nature of much of what 
we eat and insisting that the 
contents of packaged food should 
be fully and intelligibly described; 
they, too, are now demanding that 
we must be forbidden to eat the 
tilings they think are bad for us. 

Some of the Moral Minority's 
actions are for worse, because they 
attack democracy at the roots. 
Anyone who followed the scandal 
of the recent archaeological con- 
gress at Southampton University, 
from which all South African 
participants were banned, will 
recognize the characteristic im- 
pulse. in this case multiplied by 
the now characteristic cowardice 
of university authorities; that 
impulse is in its essence no 
different from antisemitism, for 
the common element in both is 
that condemnation and exclusion 
are applied on one. irrelevant 
criterion. In antisemitism, a Jew is 
penalized for being a Jew: no 
consideration is given to the 
question of whether he is a good 
Jew or a bad one. Similarly, the 
South African archaeologists were 
banned because they were South 
Africans, not because they were 
lovers of apartheid. (As it chanced, 
they had all been consistent and 
outspoken opponents of it but 
even if they bad not been it would 
have made no difference to their 
quality as archaeologists, which is 
all that should have concerned the 

Nor are the Moral Minority by 
any means all unofficial let alone 
freelances. Thai lazar-house. the 
Home Office, is crawling with 
them, as a glance at the case of the 
two-year-old Pakistani child. 
Khuram Azad will make clear. 
The only point in the business that 
needs to be understood is that he 
would have been legally entitled to 
live here once certain procedures, 
which had long been under way 
but might lake another month or 
two. were completed in 
Pakistan:but the Home Office 
insisted that he should be sent 
back there, ( How can God hope to 
be taken seriously in professing a 
wish' to be believed in. if phenom- 

ena like David Waddington are 
permitted to exist?) 

The demonstrators who pre- 
vented even the preliminary in- 
vestigation of possible sites for the 
burial of nuclear waste were 
genuinely shocked and indignant 
at being called, in this paper's 
editorial columns, “middle-class 
hooligans”. Assuming that it was 
the hooligan part of the descrip- 
tion that offended them rather 
than the accusation that they 
belong to the middle class, the 
reaction is significant; their belief 
that they are entitled to stop other 
people canying out lawful busi- 
ness (because they, and they alone, 
are possessed of all the justice, 
morality and troth that is going) 
has so armoured them against any 
selfquestioning that when the 
armour is so brutally pierced they 
fed truly, and deeply, wronged 
(CND, of course, has been built 
almost entirely on such founda- 

The preferred journal of opin- 
ion of the Moral Minority is The 
Guardian, as anyone will know 
who recalls that wonderfully 
sickening leader advocating the 
abolition of the Last Night of the 
Proms because singing “Land of 
Hope and Glory” is a moral crime 
even worse than drinking South 
African orange juke. But the 
Moral Minority need no tuition in 
smugness, certainty and an un- 
shakeable belief in the purity of 
their own motives. 

Just listen to this, from the New 
York correspondent of the Daily 
Telegraph : 

The American television network, 
NBC under pressure from femi- 
nists. has ruled that Miss 
America’s statistics are not so 
vital after alL As a result 
— American males will no 
longer learn bust, waist and hip 
measurements of the 51 contes- 
tants . . . The producer, Karen 
Aarons, is unrepentant about her 
decision. “Measurements are 
superfluous. They serve no other 
purpose than the public's 

You will conclude that the 
Moral Minority had been at work. 
But for more significant is the 
attitude of the producer ”... no 
other purpose than the public's 
curiosity”. No matter that the 
public is what Miss Aarons is there 
to serve, nor even that the public 
pays her wages; she has decided 
that the publk's curiosity must 
not be satisfied 

In these matters, Britain lags 
only a little behind America. 
There are already people here who 
harass and bully those who write 
Miss and Mrs rather than Ms, or 
who propose research into the 
respective achievements of dif- 
ferent races, or who prefer to hire 
pretty stewardesses for their air- 
lines rather than the first -ones to 
apply, however ugly, or who run 
over a dog rather than risk the 
safety of human beings, or who 
prefer the interests of the living to 
those of posterity. 

There is a widespread belief in 
Britain that the only threat to the 
stability of our democracy comes 
from violence. I believe that view 
is mistaken. But the actions of the 
Moral Minority, because they 
work more quietly and more 
decorously, are more difficult to 
detect, let alone resist. But that 
makes it all the more urgent that 
they should be resisted 
The greatest threat we face is of 
the Nanny State. Its agents are the 
Moral Minority, who believe that 
Nanny knows best; they will not 
put us in concentration camps or 
have us shot, but wifi oblige us. if 
they have their way. to conform to 
their idea of our welfare. It is 
therefore of ihe greatest im- 
portance that they shall not have 
their way. Shall we pledge our- 
selves to ensure that they do not? 
If you agree, let us take the pledge 
on Saturday, which is, most 
suitably. St Crispin's Day. 

©TfaMwfempaiMM, 1986. 

Anne Sofer 

Boston’s great 
jobs party 


Despite the popular European 
view that America's East Coaa 
cities are getting old wed and 
tauv as the “centre of gravity 

moves south and west, this his- 
toric New England capital is 
bursting with life: flourishing busi- 
ness, growing populations in the 
new satellite “urban villages", city 
centre redevelopment and rapid 
gentrification of the rundown 
inner city residential streets. 

What has been happening? The 
community college principal to 
whom 1 put the question want 
back and thought, while I waned 
for a high powered micro-eco- 
nomic answer. In the end he 
shrugged. "It's gotten trendy. Four 
national soap operas arc based m 
Boston. There arc colleges and 
universities all over the place. 
There arc plenty of Victonan 
houses to do up. You can buy brie 
and chabli5 on every street corner. 
It’s what the Yuppies like!" 

Presumably they also like the 
Harvard bookstall cafe - not 
actually in Harvard but on chic 
Newbury Street - a wonderful 
place where you help yoursdr to 
muffins and bagels and recent 
publications and swill them down 
with as much coffee as t you can 
drink to the accompaniment of 
taped Haydn symphonies. It was 
here that I bought a book that 
nearly rained my . visit Only by 
the greatest effon of will, having, 
started it. did I put it down and 
look at Boston rather than read 
about its recent history. 

The book is Common Ground . 
by J. Anthony Lukas. Winner of 
four literary awards, including the 
Pulitzer, it is a long narrative 

account of the desegregation of the 

Boston school system, as seen 
through the eyes of three real 
fomilies. one Yankee, one Irish 
and one black. Though highly 
specific, its scope is wide: the 
history of each family over many 
generations, and the politics of the 
local Democratic Party, the Cath- 
olic Church and the civil rights 
movement, are all part of the 
story. For the student of American 
society, it is a feast — surprisingly 
not yet available in Britain. 

The narrative stops in 1976, on 
a note of gloom. Busting appeared 
to have only deepened racial 
antagonism, inner city crime was 
becoming more and more vicious, 
well [mentioned experiments in 
subsidized housing and the 
promotion of black businesses bad 
foundered. The reputation of the 
school system, not high at the 
start, had sunk even lower. 

Visiting the city for the first 
time ten years later, I had the sense 
of histoiy having moved on. 
Bussing continues, now without 
controversy but also without self- 
congratulation either. The schools 
are all racially mixed, though with 
a minority of whites; 30 per cent 
now compared with 60 per cent in 
1971 Whether or not gemrifi- 
cation will alter this proportion 
remains to be seen; there are 
plenty of private schools. 

But people are talking about 
different things. Raising standards 
and getting youngsters into jobs or 

farther education m foe 
preoccupations. You bear much 
about the “credential oriented 
society” and nowhere is ft more 
important than in areas of high- 
tech growth like Boston. Many big.* 
employers and public authorities - 
now pay tuition few for t 
employees -to getfocra hack 
education part-time; in most r 
this is linked to a “Credit fo* 
a degree in one of foe score* <* 
public and private 
Education is big btttmcs* . >. *• 
And business isinvoJving isnlf 
very much with educ&ticiv ltt 
remarkable turnaround, Boston 
now being quoted In <tthtrrft»d*t£ 
a model of good practice. Tfc 
“Boston Compact” is an 
taken by the Boston Ma * 
community as a- way. of dong; 
something about what they m ah 
the low quality of pubhc educth 
lion. The deal struck w«h foe' 
school authorities 119 :1982 
ambitious and stanHngfr 

If the schools improved 

performance, business ■» 

come up with foe jobs for fori? 
students - part-time and 
jobs as weu as full-ttnie 
high school leavers. - - 

An intermediary otyroiatiott, 
called the Boston Private indnstr? 
Council, jointly funded by-pubh^ 
bodies, charitable foundation 
and private industry, organize* 
the placements, through a “ouwf 
specialist” in each high school ft*, 
message is simple: “Attend reboot 
and study and we wiU find your 
job: stay away or fool around and 
we won’t”. This gives the schema 
such credibility t tot employers we 
now pursuing the schools foe 
workers rather than the other way 
round. The career specialists thus 
have bargainufo power. “WdL Mr 
Smith” (I overheard in oat 
school). “HI put your job on m. 
books, but our students draft 
normally take that sort of wbrik for ' 
the rale you’re offering.” Though 
foe drop-out rate - the propottidti: 
leaving school before the agflof Ml 
— is still high at 43 percent 
attendance has improved rapidly; 
academic performance has im- 
proved too. though more stowfy. - 
The figures certainly mdiartt 
that industry has delivered on it* 
side of the bargain. In 1985 93 pet 
cent of all high school leavers were 
either in higher education air 
working full-time. Of the tatter, 8$ 
per cent had been placed through 
the Boston Compact The currea| 
boom has helped, but foe m fc 
portant feet to remember is tittt Tfr 
per cent of Boston school leaven 
are black. Hispanic or Asian. They 
are sharing in foe boom rather 
than remaining isolated in a 
rotting inner city core, as so often 
happens elsewhere. * 

Here is an idea for Britain. Sucft ■ 
a scheme would be difficult to 
implement in areas of high un- 
employment, but what of London 
say. or Bristol? And. a final 
thought for Kenneth Baker 
whole scheme nins on SL&nrik 
lion a year. That is just over half 
the estimated cost of one of his 
proposed city technology colleges* 
The author is a member oftheSDP 
national committee. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Right, folk, you 
can quote me 

People collect very odd things. I 
know a TV producer who collects 
milk bottles and I once met a man 
at a party who told me he collected 
paper clips. (‘Tve got sixty dif- 
ferent ones," he said. “It doesn’t 
sound a lot. but I never buy them 
- 1 only acquire them from other 
people’s offices.”) Nevertheless, I 
stilt think the oddest collection I 
ever came across was that com- 
piled by Jack, who used to work at 
Gaston's Bookshop, off Hoiborn. 
He collected apostrophes. 

More accurately, he collected 
apostrophes when they were mis- 
used. One of the better items in his 
collection was a sign he had 
spotted in South' London, Joes 
Eat's — no apostrophe after Joe, as 
there should have been, bur one in 
Eats, where there shouldn't. A 
double misuse of the apostrophe, 
or perhaps a migrating apos- 
trophe. it gave him extreme 
pleasure of a perverse kind, be- 
cause deep down his sensitive soul 
was, I am sure, quite offended by 
this cultural ignorance. 

But ihe misuse of foe apos- 
trophe. especially to denote the 
plural, has become so widespread 
now - one secs it primed on 
menus and hand-painted on of- 
ficial signs - that I am beginning 
to suspect we are seeing foe 
emergence of a genuine new usage. 
Not a learned usage, but a folk 
usage. Linguists sometimes talk 
about something called folk 
etymology, whereby they mean a 
change of vocabulary which is due 
to a complete misunderstanding, 
Jerusalem artichoke for example. 
«s so called because people have 
heard foe original label. “Girasoie 
artichoke”, and assumed it must 
mean Jerusalem. People assume 
that the ham in hamburger refers 
to the meat, so we now have 

beefburger and cheeseburger. 

Although wrongly derived, 
these words are now part of the 
language. And it is quite possible 
that wrong punctuation, folk 
punctuation we might call it. can 
also become pan of the language. 
At least, that is the only way I can 
explain something else’! have seen 
happening recently, and that is a 
total but fairly consistent misuse 
of double inverted commas. Con- 
sider these three messages 1 have 
copied down in the last month. 

“ “Excellent” house wine at £5. 10 

a litre. (On the blackboard a 
Gannct’s. an Aberystwyth -res 
taurant which would be seta* 
tionally good and cheap if it wen 
in London.) 

• Daphne is in town and wifighn 
“you” a good time. (Sticker tn i 
Bayswater Road telephone box)L 

• “No cheques” accepted wnftotr 
“a valid” cheque can! “No' 
company cheques accepted 
(Printed sign in a garage is 
Crickhowell, South Wales.) 

Now, by foe ordinary rules ol 
punctuation, none of those in- 
verted commas makes mudi 


quote him. Daphne may 

you as fictitious, or' even-: r . 

ridiculous. And it is possible tin 
the garage staff took down , 
directive dictated hastily .by, tfa 
boss, and put into qubtatta 
marks only those words titty wer 
sure he had spoken. 

. • But what I think has happens 
in each case is that the write 

intended to emphasize the 

yam words, and put them fw 
inverted commas instead •'.* 
underlining them, feeling sis 
cerely, though wrongly, that j 
gave the words added strength.? 
we rewrite foe test statement * 
No cheques accepted wifoouU 
valid cheque card. No comps* 
cheques accepted, it looks w# 
orthodox and makes more sense 

These are far from U 
only examples I have seen. „ . 
arrival of a new form of — 
punctuation, foe emphatic it 
verted commas, and will ft b 
come widespread despite ti 
agonized shrieks of embank 
grammarians? Can wrong puficti 
anon become right puncmatioft- 

enough people adopt it? 

Thtte ajy questions whSdf « 
crystal toll docs not anarsrtf,* 
simply Hunk it « a matter wort 
raising. And before ( 
sheet of 

of iapw'en U*kfc 
joued things down during 1 
recent mp to Soufo Wales, be# 
a notice I spotted in a 
shop m, ! think. Rosson-W** 
masterpiece of casual tautofofy 
sum you will agree. * : « 
■ - Customers are welcome* St 

sefoctthcirowTi produce.tffoe* 

WIS *V Ur. as we used to say, 


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iMhaVcitt ■ 

TOrty years ago, >t*en it 
became clear that the heroism 
of the Hungarian Revolution 
had been crushed by Soviet 
tynks, a bleakly cynical saying 
made its way around Eastern 
Europe. The Hungarians, it 
A^went, bad behaved like Poles, 

. the Poles had behaved like 
Czechs, and the Czechs had 
behaved like swine. Only in 
lheKremlin itself could such a 
sour witticism have prompted 
a; smile because it described 
the fractured disunity of East- 
em &uope which was a main 
prop of Soviet controL 

Yesterday’s joint statement 
by 132 leading members of the 
movements in four 
Bb European countries — 
Egland, East Germany, 
Chechoslovakia and Hungary 
itsetf— is the first sign that the 
^democratic forces of Eastern 
^Eiprope may finally be 
dTOrcoming their crippling di- 
visions. It is a historic docu- 
n^nl In time it may come to 
rank with the United States 
Declaration of Independence. 
Certainly the Soviet leader- 
ship, aware that its own 
gmealogy can be traced back 
10 small groups of apparently 
powerless intellectuals facing a 
monolithic empire, will see it 
fctbai dramatic light. 

’dPbr ihe joint declaration 
does more than merely mark 
tlte. anniversary of the 1956 
% Revolution. It links that great 
popular struggle with the other 
struggles of East European 

struggles of East European 
peoples against the Soviet 
occupation of their lands — 
with the 1953 East Berlin 

workers’ uprising, with the 
1968 Prague “Spring”, and 
with the rise of Solidarity in 
Poland. Its message is that 
these revolts were not just 
explosions of nationalist senti- 
ment, each one the distinct 
and separate property of a 
particular people, of no great 
significance to its neighbours. 
Instead, they represented what 
the document calls “our joint 
determination to to struggle 
for political demo- 
cracy„.(and) independence..." 

Since 1956, of course, the 
East European puppet regimes 
have periodically attempted to 
buy off such political aspira- 
tions with economic reforms, 
more consumer goods and 
limited loosening of censor- 
ship. Nowhere has this been 
more assiduously tried than in 
Hungary itself where the 
Kadar regime operated the 
quietist principle of “be who is 
not against us is with us." 

Such relaxation can be wel- 
comed on the commoosense 
grounds that it is better to be 
governed by a mild tyranny 
than by a cruel one. But the 
document both claims and 
exemplifies that “goulash 
communism" has not suc- 
ceeded in its principal aim of 
winning popular support for 
the satellite regimes. The spec- 
tre of the Red Army remains 
the indispensable condition of 
Soviet rule. 

Despite superficial appear- 
ances, the Soviet empire is an 
unstable one, disturbed cm 
average by one attempted 
revolution per decade. It has 
been better able to resist these 



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Reg K ington 

Ik, you 
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m. to** *t«’ ’ 

■mn\ *« 

■ — uiihtii w->- • 1 

b is right that the nation 
should r^ard architecturally 
and historically distinguished 
buddings as community assets 
and not just as the disposable 
private property of their 
present owners. It should also 
nerve itself to compensate the 
owners for any loss of income 
or amenity 

... The principle (if not the 
iquahfic&tion) is enshrined in 
the system for the legal control 
of the alteration and demo- 
btionor* listed" buildings. But 
churches, which make up a 
substantial proportion of this 
national heritage, are exempt; 
' and conservationist bodies 
have been clamouring for 
them to be brought within the 

They succeeded in persuad- 
ing the Department of the 
Environment to investigate 
the issue, to publish a Green 
Paper, and to enter long and 
detailed negotiations with the 
churches. They have not suc- 
ceeded, it is clear from Lord 
, Skekncrsdale's announcement 
T last week, in winning the 
abolition of the principle of 
ecclesiastical exemption. 

The Church of England, 
which is responsible for most 
Of (he buildings in this class, 
has agreed to certain modifica- 
tions of its own internal “fac- 
ulty jurisdiction" processes, so 
that architectural and 

conservationist interests will 
in future always be folly 
involved in the advisory 
stages. All church demolitions 
outside the existing safeguards 
of the 1983 Pastoral Measure 
will be subject to foil listed 
building control; all proposed 
demolitions under the Mea- 
sure will be referred to the 
Secretary of State, with the 
possibility of his calling a 
public inquiry whose recom- 
mendations the church has 
agreed to be bound by. 

In return the Government 
has agreed to guarantee suf- 
ficient income for the Redun- 
dant Churches Fund to take 
care of buildings for which the 
church has no further use and 
which are too important to be 
pulled down. That is fair. 

Because what is envisaged is 
a partnership rather than the 
full imposition of “secular" 
statutory control, it will, as 
Lord Skdmersdale acknowl- 
edges, require considerable 
goodwill on both sides. The 
conservationist interests 
should not let their failure to 
win all they were seeking sour 
that partnership from the out- 
set. simply in the interests of 
proving that it cannot work 
and that they were right. . 

A relatively small propor- 
tion of the churches deemed 
worthy of protection by 
“listing" belong to the Free 


The euphoria among staff and 
diplomats earlier this month at 
Unesco. in the immediate 
wake of the unexpected 
announcement by its 
controversial director-general 
Amadou Mahtar M'Bow that 
he would not ask fora third six- 
year term, is giving place to 
wi d espread conviction that 
M'Bow has by no means 
Abandoned hope Preelection. 

White M'Bow's departure 

next year would not by itself 
solve Unesco's deep-seated 
pro blems , it is a necessary pre- 
condition for makings Stan, as 
the Japanese, the Swiss, the 
Dutch and the West Germans 
m openly. Not feast, it would 

end the “private war" which 
Unescot former legal adviser, 
Karel Vasak. has accused 
M'Bow of waging a&ainst the 

scepticism. Its terms were 
ambiguous. In French dip- 
lomatic parlance, when a poli- 
tician says he is not a 
“demandeui” for a post, it is 
generally interpreted as mean- 
ing that he would be delighted 
to receive an invitation. 

The logical moment for 
M'Bow to have told the exec- 
utive board of his decision 
would have been a week 
earlier, when the procedures 
for inviting applications for 
thejob were discussed. M’Bow 
was silent then. He appears to 
have been put under decisive 
pressure from his home gov- 
ernment in Senegal on the voy 
day of his wholly unantici- 
pated disclaimer. 

It has long been no secret 
that M’Bow is an embarrass- 
ment to Sene&al which 

ing the need for a successor 
commanding universal sup- 

Some diplomats, including 
the greatly relieved French 
host government, believe that 
M'Bow finally recognizes that 
the pressures against him are 
too strong. Buz others, includ- 
ing respected African dip- 
lomats in Paris, expect him to 
turn his setback to tactical 
advantage, using a year in 
which governments may relax 
their vigilance to continue his 
election campaign in the hope 
of emerging as the fallback 
choice in a large field in which 
no rival has decisive backing. 

Just as the formal Board 
letter inviting governments to 
nominate their candidates 
reached capitals, M'Bow fiew 


Relative values and lure of Einstein NHS stick and 

periodic rebellions because it 
subjects were disunited within 
countries as well as between 
them. Yet this document 
brings together not just 
Hungarians, Poles, East Ger- 
mans' and Czechs, but also 
Catholics and atheists, 
“rightist" nationalists and 
“leftist" workers, officially tol- 
erated “peace" spokesmen and 
underground activists. 

The Polish signatories, for 
instance, include Jacek 
CZaputowicz of the legal 
"Freedom and Peace" move- 
ment, Jan Andrzej Gorny of 
underground Solidarity, 
Marek Edelman, the lak 
surviving commander of the 
Warsaw Ghetto uprising and 
now a cardiologist, Leszek 
Moczulski, leader of the 
underground nationalist 
movement, and Adam 
Michnik, who is usually de- 
scribed as the theoretical 
brains behind Solidarity. 
These names are a list of the 
real political forces in Polish 
society beneath the frozen 
military-communist facade. 
And what is true for Poland 
applies also to other bloc 

With this declaration, on the 
anniversaiy of the greatest 
popular uprising against 
Soviet communist rule, the 
real political forces of Eastern 
Europe have begun to work 
together to regain their free- 
dom. It is not, as Churchill 
remarked of another evil em- 
pire, the end. It is not even the 
beginning of the end. But it 
may be the end of the begin- 

Churches and the Roman 
Catholic Church, and they too 
enjoy ecclesiastical exemption 
although they have nothing 
like the Church of England’s 
faculty system. 

Listed building control is to 
be extended, with the consent 
of those bodies, to alterations 
which would “materially affect 
the architectural or historic 
interest" of such buildings. 
This recognises that the 
community in general has a 
stake in the outwards appear- 
ance of such buildings. 

There are to be further talks 
concerning arrangements for 
lesser alterations, particularly 
to interiors, but here the 
Government would be wdl 
advised to tread very carefully. 
These churches exist not just 
as monuments to the architec- 
tural skills of the past, but also 
as monuments to the principle 
that the state may not prevent 
citizens worshipping as they 
please. To urge and persuade 
the appropriate church 
authorities that on aesthetic 
grounds an overbearing Meth- 
odist pulpit should not be, 
moved or an over-gothic' 
Catholic altar not scaled down 
would be reasonable; to insist 
on this, on pain of criminal 
penalties, would be to com- 
promise the principle of re- 
ligious toleration and freedom 
of worship. 

From Professor A. P. Miodomik 
Sir. The Astronomer Royal of 
Scotland. Malcolm Longair. has 
made an impassioned plea for an 
improvement in the communica- 
tion of science to the intelligent 
layman (“Bring Einstein to the 
people", October 15) but he has 
wisely admitted that having a 
vision of a more scientifically 
informed populace does not de- 
fine the means by which this can 
be readily achieved. 

The fret that most scientists are 
only interested in discoveries 
which have particular relevance to 
their own speciality is probably 
the greatest stumbling block to 
communicating their excitement 
to the public at large. 

The discoveries made by Ein- 
stein clearly rank amongst the 
main scientific achievements of 
the 20th century and have been 
the seminal influence on vast 
areas of technological advance. 
The reason that people do not 
respond to such apparently im- 
portant universal laws may quite 
simply be that even such all- 
embracing laws have to be placed 
in a greater context. 

To reach fora unifying explana- 
tion of the world of sub-atomic 
particles and the world of galaxies 
is a noble, exciting and worthwhile 
pursuit, but where is the relevance 
of those laws to the world of 
human beings? Clearly they are 
relevant to the increasingly tech- 
nological environment in which 
we find ourselves, but is any 
connection being made with the 
existence or behaviour of human- 
ity at huge? 

The article in question tends to 
indicate that pursuing Einstein’s 
ideas will lead the reader away 
from commonly perceived 
relationships into a world where 
everything is relative, transient 
and totally unrelated to normal 
human activities. Il may well be 
very important to realise that such 
a world exists, but it is all too easy 
to give the impression that the 
commonly perceived world of 
human relationships is thereby 
rendered false and meaningless. 

Until the two different view- 
points can be seen to relate, and 
not to be in conflict with each 
other, there w£D inevitably be 
considerable consumer resistance 
to theories which reduce the status 
of human existence to being a 
statistical quirk in a transient, and 
essentially hostile, universe. Judg- 
ing by his autobiographical mar 
tenal, rinaum himself was very 
insistent that this should not 
happen, but regrettably his own 
views are not propagated with the 
same ardour as his theories. 

Really bringing Einstein to the 
people would be a marvellous 
challenge, but trying to propagate 
his theories divorced from his 
humanity is likely to be counter- 
productive. It is probably more 
important, at this point in time, to 
bring some humanity into the 
theorising of modem scientists. 
Until the connection is remade, 
the public is quite right in rejecting 
the blandishments of theories 
divorced from human exis t ence. 
Yours sincerely, 

University of Surrey, 

D e par tme nt of Materials Science 
and Engineering, 

Guildford, Surrey. 

From Mrs Hilary Martin 
Sir, “The gentlemen scientists of 
the nineteenth century" to whom 
Malcolm Longair refers had many 
problems to consider at that tune 

A rash of visitors 

From Mr H. M. Lunniss 
Sir, As midnight heralded the 
introduction of the entry visa for 
all e n trants to the UK from India, 
Pakistan and Rangiadwh public 
opi nio n points to discrimination 
towards members of the Third 

With the advent of the new 
maroon EEC passport early in 
1987 would it not seem sensible to 
introduce UK entry visas to those 
countries outside the European 
Community, in particular those 
countries where such documenta- 
tion is required of UK passport 

Yours faithfully, 


6a Haydon CIose,Kmgsbury,NW9 
October 15. 

Sale of vicarages 

From the Reverend Canon E. G. 
and Mrs Longman 
Sir. We must put in a good word 
for the Church Commissioners 
under fire for selling off desirable 
large old parsonages (letters, 
September 27, October 3, 7). The 
retention of this listed early Vic- 
torian rectory has been under 
active discussion for over 20 


It is twice the acceptable size. 
However, after careful consid- 
eration of its site, the finan c ial 
implications of alternatives, and 
its contribution to the life of the 
Church, a scheme is now being 
implemented whereby it is being 
retained, with a third separated off 
as a glebe flat, bringing in useful 
income for the diocese. 

The large hall and adjacent 
reception room with renaissance 
panelling will be shared with the 
parish, and the private part of the 
bouse is being rearranged more 
conveniently for the incumbent 
and his family. 

Incidentally, a change of plan at 
the last minute, involving no extra 
expense, was accepted within the 
hour of its reception by the 
Church Commissioners. We be- 
lieve these are good reasons to 
show they are more flexible now 
and can respond quickly. 

Yours sincerely. 



The Rectory. 1 6 Cpleshill Street. 
Sutton Coldfield. West Midlands. 

which related directly to mankind 
and his place in Nature The 
impact of Darwinism, the debates 
concerning the origins of life, the 
age of the Earth and the possible 
heat-death of the Universe (more 
of an issue before the discovery of 
radioactivity) all served a ten- 
dency in man to put himself at the 
centre of scientific issues. 

In physics the advent of 
probability theoiy heralded a new 
view of determinism v$ chance in 
the micro-world and these issues 
became philosophical questions. _ 

The complexity of modem sci- 
ence is such that it would take a 
highly motivated people to leap 
out of the arena of Newtonian 
mechanics, which serves quite 
adequately our everyday' experi- 
ence. and wrestle with concepts 
which, when translated from ab- 
stract mathematics, serve to shat- 
ter our illusions about reality and 
present us with a world more 
amazing than our minds can easily 

Perhaps, with the help of science 
teachers in schools, historians of 
science and philosophers predis- 
posed towards metaphysics, this 
new enlightenment will come. 
Good luck to Malcolm Longair in 
his crusade. 

Yours faithfully, 


29 Murray Road, 

Wokingham, Berkshire, 

From Mr Percy Holliday 
Sir, I may be the fool who steps in 
where angels fear to tread, but if all 
of us, scientists included, could 
adopt the remarkable humility of 
Einstein, what a transformation 
there would be! 

He told Rabindranath Tagore 
that though he couldn't prove it 
he believed in a truth that was 
independent of human beings. 
And be wrote that he himself was 
' content to investigate this marvel- 
lous universe and apprehend 
some small part of “the 
intelligence" that it disclosed. He 
was unable to believe that the 
scientist who made a new discov- 
ery was the first ever to have 
thought of it 

If Malcolm Longair wishes to 
bring this aspect of Einstein’s 
teaching to the general knowledge 
of all ofus, nothing but good could 
come of it 
Yours faithfuny, 


43 Reynolds Road. 

Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire. 

From Dr Andrew WUsfti 
Sir, “Bring Einstein to the people" 
by Malcolm Longair, far from 
malting the subject in question 
understandable, will in fact con- 
firm the suspicion of many that 
much of this century’s theoretical 
physics is humbug. None of the 
real technical achievements of our 
age are based on the theory of 
relativity or any similar specula- 

These speculations often de- 
pend on an illegitimate corruption 
of the meanings of some essential 
words and attempt to create an 
illusion that h is possible for ns to 
understand the world beyond 
what have always been believed to 
be human limitations. One of the 
few pronouncements of modem 
theoretical physics which are truly 
illuminating is Heisenberg’s prin- 
ciple of uncertainty which, in 
contrast to Einstein’s conceit, 
forces upon us humility. 

Yours sincerely, 

42 Candlemas Lane, 

Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire. 

Wrong colour 

From Dr Patrick Cosgrove 
Sir. Mr Alan Hamilton (October 
15) refers to Mr Deng Xiao-Ping 
as the eminence grise of the 
People’s Republic of China. The 
usage is. surely, historically in- 

The description “grey 
eminence” was first used - so far as 
my knowledge goes - of Pere 
Joseph, the great Cardinal 
Richelieu's confidant and sec- 
retary in 17th-ceniufy France. It 
arose from the contrast of colour 
between the cardinal's red robes 
pnd Joseph's handspun grey Capu- 
chin attire. It was meant to suggest 
that Richelieu’s policies were 
made for him by a far less 
flamboyant - and. indeed, retiring 


Bui. surely. Mr Deng is far from 
grey - in the sense ofbeing retiring, 
or anxious to stay behind the 
scenes. In every movement of 
policy in mainland China he has 
been forward, and thrusting. It 
would, therefore - if the compari- 
son has to be used -be much more 
accurate to describe him as the 
"red eminence" of China. That 
description would, also, be more 

aesthetically appropriate. 

Yours sincerely. 


21 Thornton Road, SW12. 

Disaster on K2 

From Mr M. J- Ball 
Sir, Dr Charles Clarice’s letter 
(October 2) about the disastrous 
events on K2 concentrates on the 
problem of low oxygen only. In 
my view the appalling number of 
deaths after a forced high camp 
was due to shortage of food and 
fuel the latter being essential to 
produce the large quantities of 
water needed at this altitude. 

It is dear from accounts now 
available that no foe! or food was 
available m the 48 hours before 
the final descent was attempted. 
Of those who attempted the 
descent only two were able to 
reach the bottom of the mountain. 

An Davidson, in The Coldest 
Climb, an account of the first 
winter ascent of Mount McKinley, 
m Alaska, gives a very dear 
account of the necessities in a 
forced high bivouac Although at 
only just over 18.200 feet, the 
simulated altitude in terms of 

carrot approach 

From Mr Ivan Lester 
Sir. Mr J. T. Winkler ("NHS spur 
for the spurious", October 14) 
assumes that the sole motivation 
of NHS genera] managers is 
financial reward. If that were the 
case, that band of talented individ- 
uals would not be working for the 
NHS. For the most part these 
people are talented professionals 
from clinical and other disciplines 
who have devoted much to the 
NHS and its patients. 

The second major flaw in Mr 
Winkler’s argument is the 
assumption that NHS general 
managers are responsible to no- 
body other than themselves. This 
is quite erroneous. General man- 
agers are responsible to a district 
health authority, which amongst 
other things, sets the expected 
standards and closely scrutinizes 
and assesses the work of the 
general managers in carrying out 
the policies of the authority (i.e^ 
not the policies of the general 

If anything, one of the great 
problems of health authorities is 
the lack of performance indicators 
against which authority members 
can measure the standards in their 
health authority against standards 
in other authorities. This is sfowly 
being rectified. 

Yours faithfully, 

IVAN LESTER (Vice-chairman, 
Harrogate Health Authority), 
Stream Corner, 

Fuiwith Mill Lane, 

Harrogate, N Yorkshire. 

From the Chief Executive of the 
NHS Management Board 
Sir, Mr Winkler's article does 
scam justice to either the philos- 
ophy or the working arrangements 
of the individual performance 
review and performance related 
pay schemes recently announced 
for the NHS. 

The individual performance re- 
view scheme is based on the 
principles of the right of individ- 
uals to know what is expected of 
them, and to know how their 
performance is perceived. It pro- 
vides a framework for discussing 
the key components of a post, 
including the routine running of 
the service, the tasks which need 
to be tackled, and the constraints 
oh the individual in taking for- 
ward those tasks. 

Performance-related pay is de- 
signed to recognise effective 
performance, as judged through- 
out the whole IPR process: it 
cannot be paid for by reaching a 
handful of targets whilst ignoring 
whole areas of the health service. 
In such a case a manager would 
fail to measure up to the wider 
. objectives set for the post. 

No system of performance re- 
view or performance pay can be 
entirely safe from manipulation, 
or indeed from more venial 
failings. We have, therefore, in- 
cluded a number of safeguards 
against too easy financial rewards. 
In particular there is a system of 
equity assessors who will ensure 
that objectives are sufficiently 
stretching and will oversee the 
performance assessment process. 
With common sense and good 
will, both measures win lead to 
more effective management and 
thus to the overriding objective of 
an unproved service to patients. 

I am confident that the dedica- 
tion and integrity which is so 
notable a feature of those who 
work in the NHS will serve as an 
effective shield against the kind of 
chicanery with which your col- 
umnist seeks to alarm us. 

FmalJy, I should stress, in the 
light of your October 16 report, 
that pay for performance applies 
to a limited group of 800 general 
managers - although, if success- 
ful it may well be spread down- 
ward to the other group of 
managers. As I emphasised, this is 
a pilot scheme and no decision has 
yet been taken on its extension. 
Yours faithfully. 

LEN PEACH, Chief Executive, 
NHS Management Board, 
Alexander Renting House, 
Elephant & Castle, SEI. 

October 16. 

Reykjavik breakdown 

From Colonel Charles Lane 
Sir, The corollary, and possibly 
the answer, to Professor Ronald 
Fletcher's question (October 16 ), 
“Why do they" (the Americans) 
“continue to insist on a 
programme" (SDI) “which would 
be unnecessary?” (after the 
elimination of nudear bombs), is: 
Why do they (the Soviet Union) 
continue to insist on the pro- 
gramme (SDI) being stopped? 
Yours sincerely, 


West House, 

12 West Street 
Warminster, Wiltshire. 

October 16. 

baromatic pressure in summer is 
about 19,000 feet and in winter 
21.000 feet so that they were not 
much lower m simulated altitude 
in their ice cave than the K2 party. 

On McKinley fuel was available 
though difficult to reach in the 
storm, and food could be obtained 
by searching previous caches. All 
members of the expedition de- 
scended alive, though at the cost 
of some frost-bite. 

On a mountain like K2. where 
prolonged storms are relatively 
common, it should be standard 
practice to have enough food and 
fad at the appropriate sites if the 
risk is to be kept to reasonable 

Yours faithfully, 


Mansfield and District General 

West Hill Drive, 



October 9. 

OCTOBER 20 1908 
"In the last 15 or 20 years of his 
life, " according to an assessment 
of Tolstoy 's influence in the 
Encyclopedia Britannica, "he was 
probably the most venerated man 
m the world. ” Yet his domestic life 
ended tragically. Two yean after 
this letter appeared, because of a 
deepening estrangement from his 

wife, he secretiyjeft his country 

home, Yasnaya Polyana, where ne 
had been bom in 1828, taking 
with him his youngest daughter, 
Alexandra. Ten days later, on 
Novembers, 1910, he collapsed 
and died in the stationmaster's 
office at Astapooo. 



When, some months before the 
date, I heard of my friends’ 
intention to celebrate my 80th 
birthday, I announced in print that 
I much wished they would do 
nothing of the sort. 

But what I had not at all 
expected happened — namely, that 
from the last days of August to the 
present time I have been, and still 
am, receiving from moat various 
sides such flattering greetings that 
I feel it necessary to express my 
sincere gratitude to aD those 
persons and institutions who have 
addressed me so amicably and 

I thank all the Universities, town 
councils. Zemstvo councils, educa- 
tional wtflhliulmwnt g, Societies, 
alliances, groups, dubs, fellow- 
ships, and staffs of newspapers and 
magarines who. have sent me 
addresses and greetings- I also 
thanlr all my friends and acquaint- 
ances. both in . Russia and abroad, 
who remembered me on that day. I 
thank all those whom I do not 
know personally, of very various 
social position, including prisoners 
in gaols and exiles, who have 
greeted me with equal cordiality. I 
thank all the youths, maidens, and 
children who have sent me their 

I also thank for their good wishes 
those members of the clerical 
calling who have greeted me; and 
the fact that there are very few 
such makes me value their greet- 
ings the more highly. I also thank 
those who, together with their 
congratulations, have sent me 
beautiful presents. 

I heartily thank all who have 
greeted me, especially those (the 
majority) who, quite unexpectedly 
to me and to my great joy, have 
expressed in their addresses full 
agreement, not with me, but with 
those eternal truths which, as best 
I could, I have tried to express in 
my writings- Among these I was 
particularly pleased to find a 
majority of peasants and workmen. 

Excusing myself for my inability 
to reply separatel y to each institu- 
tion and person, I ask all to accept 
ibis announcement as an expres- 
sion of my sincere gratitude to afl 
who during these days have ex- 
pressed their kind feelings towards 
me. for the joy they have given me. 


Count Tolstoy. 

The amiable letter in which 
COUNT TOLSTOY expresses this 
morning, through our columns, his 
thanks to those who from all 
quarters of the world and from 
every section of society have sent 
him gree tin gs nnH gifts on his 
eightieth birthday is a document 
which in more than one aspect is of 
quite exceptional interest. It as- 
sists us for one thing to reeJize with 
unusual vividness how the texture 
of international life tends con- 
stantly to become closer. Inter- 
change of ideas and sympathies has 
its modern develop me nts side by 
side with the more material and 
obtrusive methods of communica- 
tion between one nati on and 
another, and these invisible ex- 
ports and imports, equally with the 
interests involved in less impalpa- 
ble commodities, make for that 
mirtnai qader s t an d ni g among na- 
tions which is perhaps the stron- 
gest of the fences working for the 
world’s peace. — From a narrower 
and more personal point of view 
t h*> celebration is equally striking. 
It is perhaps the strongest testimo- 
ny that has been given in recent 
tamps of the far-reaching fascina- 
tion of character. For it is apprecia- 
tion of his high personal worth, his 
truth, his self-abnegation, his re- 
lentless loyalty to the light as he 
conceives it, rather than percep- 
tion of his literary power or 
sympathy with his social ideal, that 
has won for COUNT TOLSTOY 
the af fe ctiona t e esteem of vast 
masses of people throughout the 
civilized world. . . .It is pretty safe 
to say that it is Tolstoy the man 

rather than Tolstoy the novelist, or 
Tolstoy the apostle, who has 
captur ed the imagination and es- 
teem of so many people in so many 
different lands. . . ~ Nobility of 
purpose, high courage, a blameless 

life — these all can lmderstanrl nnH 
admire and, displayed as COUNT 
TOLSTOY has displayed them in 
the peculiar difficulties in which 
his life has been led, they have 
appealed to *hp rnwg i nariftiw anil 

the hearts of mankind with irre- 
sistible and searching power. . . . 

Captive audience 

From Mr Leslie Dunkling 
Sir. The loud conversation of 
fefiow passengers on the train this 
morning made it quite impossible 
for me to do the crossword. I fell 
instead to wondering whether 
there is a word in English for 
someone who is forced, against his 
will, to be a listener. 

These days I seem frequently to 
be a victim of aural torture, 
whether it be in the form of 
conversation (inevitably boring in 
proportion to its loudness) or 
“music". I am hardly an 
“eavesdropper" on such . occa- 
sions. deriving pleasure from the 
experience. What then am I? 
Yours faithfully. 


32 Speer Road, 

Thames Ditton. Surrey. 

October 9. 








October 19: The Princess or 
Wales this evening dined with 
xbe Ministers of the Interior of I 
ibe European Community at i 
Lancaster House, London SWI. 1 
Miss Anne BeckwiihsSrniib , 
and Sir John Riddell, Bt were in 



October 1 9: The Duchess of , 

Kent, as Patron, visited Helen 
House this weekend I 

Forthcoming marriages 

■ -Mr SJF. Foster 

■ and Miss LJ. Honinshead 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon Frederick, only 
son of Mr and Mrs Frederick 
.Foster, and Lisa Jayne, only 
daughter of Mr and Mrs John 
Hoilinshead, both of Four Oaks, 
Sutton Cokl/ield 

Mr P-B. Frecker 
• and Miss S. Parker 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter, second son of Dr 
' and Mrs B.E. Frecker, of 
' Burwood. Sydney, New South 
Wales, and Siobhan, only 

- daughter of Mr and Mrs G. 
Parker, ofChingford, London. 

Mr RJ. G laddie 

and Miss FJVL MacKenrie- 

. Yonng 

■The enga^mem is announced 
between Richard son of Mr and 
Mrs Winston G laddie, of Tur 
. Langton, Leicestershire. and 
Frances, elder daughter of Mr 

- Peter Mac Kenzi e- Young and 
the late Mrs Iris MacKenzie- 
Young, of Wandsworth Com- 
mon. London. 

Major W.A. McFadzeau, 

and Miss S. Jenkins 
The engagement is announced 
-between William, only son of 
Professor and Mrs J.A. 
McHadzean, of St Albans, 
Hertfordshire, and Susan, only 
daughter of Mr and Mrs J.H. 
Jenkins, of Skewen. 

dinners - 

100 (Yeomanry) Field Regiment 
Lieutenant-Colonel D. R. 
Kersfcy Baker, Commanding 
Officer, 100 (Yeomanry) Field 
Regiment, presided at the an- 
nual ladies guest night held at i 
the Royal Artillery Mess, Wool- 1 
■ wich. on Saturday. Brigadier 
John Greenway and the Master 
of the Saddlers' Company, 
accompanied by their ltKlies. 
were the principal guests. 

No 1 Maritime Headquarters 
Unit, RAuxAF 

Air Chief Marshal Sir David 
- Craig was the guest of honour at 
a dinner given by officers of No 
I Maritime Headquarters Unit, 
Royal Auxiliary Air Force, at 
Valency House on Saturday 
when Bight Lieutenant C. J. 
Webster was dined out. Flight 
Lieutenant T. A. Hankey pre- 
sided and Wing Commander D. 
A. Bridgeman. Officer 
Commanding, welcomed the 
guests who included Air Vice- 
Marshal D. W. Harm and the 
Master of the Butchers* 



old clumsy office equipment 
takes up too much space. 

complimentary ticket 

Admission £3 at door, without voucher: 

admit 2 

Cut out voucher and exchange it for 2 complimentary tickets to LBES at 
the registration desk. 

No person under 10 years oW will be admitted. 


[ everything to make a business more efficient. I 

Bishops* dilemma over Dr Leonard’s 
war of American independence 

The Princess of Wales. Patron of 
Help the Aged, will attend the 
Starlight Cabaret at the Hilton 
hotel on October 30. 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life and work of Dame Anna 
N eagle will be held in West- < 
minster Abbey at 1 1.30am 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life and work of Mr Hugh Elvet 
Francis. QC. will be held in 
Gray's Inn Chapel at 4.45pm 

A memorial service and flying 
tribute for Michael and Kathryn 
Carl i do will be held at Patterson 
House. Biggin Hill Airport, on 
Friday, October 31. at 12J10 pm. 

Mr A.R. Manning-Cox 
and Miss JL Bums 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, only son of Mr 
and Mrs Frederick Manning- 
Cox. of Kinver, Staffordshire, 
and Janet, younger daughter of 
Mr and Mrs Eric Binns, of 
Brain hall, Cheshire. 

Mr J.M. Rainey 
and Miss G. Huntington 
The engagement is announced 
between J. Rainey, of English 
Harbour. Antigua, and Gilly, 
second daughter of Mr and Mrs 
J.R. Huntington, of the Isle of 
Barra, Outer Hebrides. 

Mr JJLJ. Rogers 
and Miss CXJ. Lycett 
The engagement is announced 
between James, son of Mr John 
Rogers. QC and Mrs Rogers, of 
W rot ham House,' Wrolham. 
Kent and Charlotte, younger 
daughter of die late Mr Peter 
N.L. Lycett and Mrs Lycett, of 
Howards Lane, Putney, 

Mr J.C Row 
and Miss A.M. Lambert 
The engagement is announced 
between James Christopher, 
younger son of Mayor and Mrs 
J.W.L. Row, of Whistley House, 
Potteme, Devizes, Wiltshire, 
and Anna Mary, younger daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs R.G.W. 
Lambert, of Schnabdsberg, . 
Einsiedeln, Switzerland. j 

This week the bishops of the Church 
of England have to decide how to 
intervene in the so-called Tulsa affair, 
concerning which a fierce quarrel has 
broken out between the entire Epis- 
copalian hierarchy in the United 
States and the Bishop of London, Dr 
Graham Leonard. 

The American House of Bishops 
has condemned in the strongest terms 
< his decision to take an Anglican 
I parish in Tulsa, Oklahoma, under his 
own pastoral wing, and they have 
appealed to the English House of 
Bishops to "discipline and correct" 
its third most senior member. 

So the Archbishop of Canterbury, 
Dr Robert Runcie, has put the matter 
on the agenda for the bishops' 
meeting now due. It is as tricky a 
predicament as they have ever faced. 

The official American complaint 
was ringed with resentment that Dr 
Leonard seemed to be acting as if the 
American Revolution had not hap- 
pen, saying he was setting himself up 
as a judge of the “competency" of 
their canonical processes used against 
the Tulsa parish and its priest. Father 
John Pasco. 

There are smouldering historical 
embers ready to be enflamed here, for 
American Anglicans have not forgot- 
ten nor entirely forgiven the Church 
of England's attitude to them 200 
years ago; because the English church 
was hostile, the American episcopal 
succession had to be derived from the 
Scottish Anglican church instead 
And bishops of London once acted as 
! the Church of England's Colonial 
Office in those places overseas with 
no bishop of their own. as shown by 
the only recently extinct title of one of 
the London suffragans, the Bishop of 
Fulham and Gibraltar. 

It was the present Bishop of 
F ulham that Dr Leonard originally 
intended to send to Tulsa this month 

The Bishop of London: Opposing 
the ordination of women. 

to carry out confirmations, and the 
name will not have helped cool 
American tempers. The American 
bishops have reacted as if the Bishop 
of London was intending to start an 
English-derived Anglican church in 
the United States, parallel 'to the 
Scottish-derived one. 

There are numerous small groups 
of disgruntled Anglicans apart from 
Tulsa, the so-called “continuing 
Anglicans”, who have broken with 
the official Episcopalian church over 
the issue of women's ordination, and 
who might not mind if Dr Leonard 
bad on his staffa man who was in ef* 
feet the Bishop of Fulham and 

This would support their claim to 
be the “reaT Anglican presence in the 
United States, and appear to bring 
them back into communion with the 
Archbishop of Canterbury by another 

The American House of Bishops is 

also well aware that the Bishop of 
London is the leading opponent of 
the ordination of women; and they 
are resentful already at the Church of 
England's failure to extend recog- 
nition to American women priests. If 
one of their women priests wishes to 
visit England, and to exercise her 
priesthood while there, episcopal 
vision rapidly develops the Nelson 
touch. . . _ _ 

Dr Leonard in turn has warned or 
dire consequences should an Ameri- 
can woman priest be ordained a 
bishop; and said he would have to 
consider whether to refuse to attend 
the 1988 Lambeth Conference if an 
American woman, bishop was 

Dr Runcie has already tried to talk 
Dr Leonard out of sending the Bishop 
of Fulham to Tulsa, but with the 
opposite result to the one intended: 
Dr Leonard let it be known that he 
would go him seif He has nothing to 
lose even if it leads to a monstrous 
row, for be would achieve a public 
demonstration of the divisions and 
tangles likely, to ensue in England 
should the church here in turn decide 
in due course to ordain women. 

That domestic issue has already 
become bogged down on tire question 
of bishops jurisdiction, and one of 
the more far-fetched proposals for 
meeting it involves two parallel sets 
of bishops, one with women priests 
and one without. It would be a clever 
political tactic both to press that idea 
as hard as possible, as the only 
possible solution, while at the same 
time proving through the Tulsa case 
how very messy the result would be, 
so that even Anglicans who favoured - 
the ordination of women might begin 
to back away. 

Meanwhile the other train is rush- 
ing down the same tracks in the 
opposite direction, to use the Leonard 

metaphor. The Movement for the, 
Ordination, of Women reports an ! 
increase both- In interest and in 
. membership, particularly since July , 
when the general synod turned down ! 
the Women Ordained Abroad Mea- 
sure: and it a now quietly but actively 
encouraging celebrations of Holy 
Communion by visiting women 
priests, some of them American, in j 
England. I 

The Eucharist at Church House, ; 
Westminster, two weeks ago is only 
one of many examples, though most 
have been more, discreet. Defenders 
of these tactics argue that such Holy 
Communion services Are not illegal 
provided they are “private"; and 
even if they were,- the Bishop of 
London's camp has. jao right, to 
complain because this is simpdy tire 
reverse of what he is doing in Tuba.. 

Whatever preconceptions the 
American church may be under, tire 
English House of Bishops has no 
jurisdiction over Dr Leonard in this 
matter, though it could and probably 
will state a critical opinion. 

It then would be open to Dr 
Leonard to press for a deal, by 
offering to comply; with such a 
judgement on condition that the: 
American House of Bishops issued an 
instruction to American women 
priests not to celebrate Holy Commu- 
nion in England. 

What is dearly needed, in the 
interests of restoring good relations 
between the English and American 
branches of the Anglican Commu- 
nion, is mutual agreement to respect, 
each other’s sensitivities. In the 
present- climate to press theological 
convictions to the ultimate, even in 
the name of utter conviction, is the 
shortest route to tearing Anglicanism 
in two . . ■ • 

Clifford LongU 

V. ,• ■•■■■ 


Dinner j 

University of Pennsylvania Law j 
School j . 

The Alumni and Friends in 
} Britain of the University of 
1 Pennsylvania Law School had a 
dinner in Lincoln's Inn on 
Saturday in honour of Professor 
Robert Mundheim, Dean of the 
Law School. Members of the 
English and Irish Bars, solicitors 
and academics were among 
those present 

Christmas Rose 

The Christinas Rose Dance for 
young people ( 1 6 to 20 yeats), in 
aid or Alexandra Rose Day, will 
be held on Monday, December 
22. at the London West Hotel, 
Lillie Road. London SW6, from 
9.00pm to 1.00am. Mrs Timo- 
thy Brinton is the senior chair- 
man and Miss Lucy Goode, 
chairman of the young commit- 
tee- Tickets are available, at 
£17.50 each, to include light 
refreshments, from Mrs 
L. Weston, 1 Caste Inau, Barnes. 
SWI 3 9RP. Telephone: 01-748 


fU 1 :***«»* • 

fHSWfc.V . *.-;3 
s;-wf8*s- ,..^.-3 

ifjM-v * •. ri?? 

Record price for sofa 

By Huon Mallafieu 

Sir Yehudi Menuhin and the celebrated young violinist, Aune-Sophfe Mutter, rehcarsingi 
London yesterday for their concert at the Barbican tonight with the London Symphony Or- 
chestra. Miss Mutter will be playing the Bruch Violin Concerto, with Sir Yehudi conducting 

(Photograph: Chris Harris) 

Memorial service Sale room 

Judge Cartis- Raleigh 

sSSSSa* Record price for sofa 

urday. The Ven Derek Hayward R H MailnKen 

officiated and read the lesson. HuMI Maiianeo 

assisted by the Rev Geoffrey A sale of American furniture pattern back and daw-and- 
Lang. Miss Jill Baton) read from and works of art held by ball feet, which dated from 

Christie’s in New Yoris on between 1760 and 1775, sold 
ShWSSU ’cSSLf ^£5 Saturday 'totalled $3;I61,455, for $242,000 or £166,896 (e*- 

culirts" n? » A V‘S.I timall: S 60 .oo&-i 9 

Conclusion by Sir Walter Ra- double-peakea camel back Another auction record was 

leigh. Sir Nicolas Browne-WiL sofa in the Chippendale style claimed for a wind in- 
kinson gave an address. made in Philadelphia between strum enl, a Boehm -system 

about 1765 and 1785 went to a. flute made in 1939 by Verne 

RAF Volunteer New York collector for an' Q. Powell, of Boston. This was 
V ummcci auction record of $605,000 or exhibited at the World Fair in 

KCSCrVC £417.241 (estimate $250,000- that year, and thereafter was 

The Lord Mayor of West- $400,000) often used by William 

minster was represented by Mr _ Most of Lhe more expensive Kincaid in his appearances 
Roger Bramble at a service to items on offer were sold to with the Philadelphia Or- 
com me morale the fiftieth private bidders, and the same chestra. 
anniversary of the formation of price was paid for a Phiiadd- The price of $187,000, or 

£j d "SJS-rC nSS phia m ? rt } le £128,965, was no doubt 

SneZ^?e^Sirand S TteRev topped side table of much the helped by the feet that the 
iuJ^Kenwarf officiated and “(ne date. This bad once flute was made of platinum, 
the Rev TJ.S. Thomas gave an belonged to Governor John a silver teapot by the New 
address. The lessons were read Penn, of Philadelphia (es- York maker, Peter Van Dyck, 
by Air Chief Marshal Sir David timaie $1 50,000-5250, 000). which dated from around 
Craig, Chief of the Air Staff, and a single Chippendale style 1 730 also did well going to a 

Right Lieutenant P.A.H. Tee. dining chair with a Gothic- dealer at $93,500 or £64.482 

A sale of American furniture 
and works of art held by 
Christie’s in New York on 
Saturday totalled $3; 1 6 1,455, 
or £2,180.313. An elegant 
“double-peaked camel back” 
sofa in the Chippendale style 
made in Philadelphia between 
about 1765 and 1785 went to a. 
New York collector for an' 
auction record of $605,000 or 
£417.241 (estimate $250,000- 

Most of the more expensive 
items on offer were sold to 
private bidders, and the same 
price was paid for a Philadel- 
phia Chippendale marble 
topped side table of much the 
same date. This bad once 
belonged to Governor John 
Penn, of Philadelphia (es- 
timate $ J 50,000-$250,000). 

A single Chippendale style 
dining chair with a Gothic- 

pattern back and daw-and- 
ball feet, which dated from 
between 1760 and 1775, sold 
for $242,000 or £166,896 (es- 
timate $60,000-$ 90,000). 

Another auction record was 
claimed for a wind in- 
strument, a Boehm-system 
flute made in 1939 by Verne 
Q. Powell, of Boston. This was 
exhibited at the World Fair in 
that year, and thereafter was 
often used by William 
Kincaid in his appearances 
with the Philadelphia Or- 

The price of $187,000, or 
£128,965, was no doubt 
helped by the feet that the 
flute was made of platinum. 

A silver teapot by the New 
York maker, Peter Van Dyck, 
which dated from around 
1730 also did well, going to a 
dealer at $93,500 or £64,482 

Mr CT. Sanitary 
and Misa AXL Green - 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday al the Church of St 
Peter in the Wood, Appleshaw, 
Hampshire, of Mr Charles 
Thomas Banbury, younger son 
of the late Sir William Bunbury 
and Pamela Lady Bunbury; of 
Hollesley, Suffolk, and Miss 
Amanda Carol Green, younger 
daughter of Mr and the Hon Mrs 
John Green, of Appleshaw 
Manor, Hampshire. The Rev 
lan Tomlinson officiated. 

The bride; who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by -Henry Bunbury, 
.Toby Green, the Hon Louise 
Townshend and Zoe Fargher. 
Mr Nicholas Bowaier was best 

Mr LM. LaflfcageH 
and Miss E.T. Flower 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at St Mary the Viran, 
Hmutgton, Warwickshire, ofMr 
Ian Michael Loffhageft. eldest 
son of Wing Commander and 
Mrs D. A. Loffhagen, of Mon- 
mouth, Gwent, ana Miss Eliza- 
beth Teresa Flower, younger 
daughter of the late l icu ten a n t- 
Coiooel Sir Fbrdfaam Flower 
and of Lady Bower, of 
Ilmington. The Rev Victor 
Story and Chnon Dilwyn Davies 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by Mr Charles Flower, 
was attended by Leonie Flower, 
Tara Freeman and Anna Gallic. 
Mr Kenneth Coker was best 

Mr R.WX2. Astell 
and Mrs SJVL Thompson 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday in London of Mr 
Richard (Robin) Astell, son of 
Major Henry Astefl and Lady 
FitzHerbert, and Mrs Sarah 
Mary Thompson, daughter of 
the late Mr Robert Befloid and 

Birthdays today 

Mr Hume Boggis-Rolfe, 75; Sir 
Edwin Bolland, 64; Major-Gen- 
eral T. Brodie, 83; Mr Ray 
Buckton, 64; Mir Alfredo 
Campoli, 80; the Right Rev Dr 
H. J. Carpenter, 85; Mr Law- 
rence Daly, <52; Professor Sir. 
Douglas Hague, 60; Mr Eddie 
Madten, 37; Mr Sylvester 
Minee, 30; Lord Montagu of 
Beaulieu, 60; Str Roger Ormrod, 
75: Professor S. B. Saul, 62; Sir 
William Shapland. 74; Sir 
Alexander Stirling, 60; Sir Ian 
Trethowan, 64; Mr Thnothy 
West, 52. 

EJ3. Wancbope 
and Miss CJ.Wais 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Ewan, younger son of 

Finns Farm, Wdkrw, Hamp- 
shire, and Omriotte, daughter of 
Mr Peter Wills, Plantagenet 
House, Tonbridge Weils, and 
Mis John Dudley, Tbe Lodge, 
Driokstone, Suffolk. 

Mr M. FEsher 
and Mbs C. Hobaa . . 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, October 4, 1986, at St 
Mary’s Church, Simsbury, 
Connecticut, United States, be- 
tween Mr Matthew" Kshec, only 
son of Professor and Mrs FJ. 
Fisher, of London, and , Miss 
Carol Hoban, younger daughter 
of the late Mr T. Hoban and of 
Mrs D. HobaiL of Connecticut. 
'■ The bride wasattmded by her 
sister, Pafricsr Hoban, and by 
Sam and Emma- . Rickets, 
nephew and nkcc of the bride- 
groom. Mr Mkhad Rickett, 
brother-in-law of the . bride: 
groom, was best man.- ' 

Professor AJH.W. Glass 
and Miss UVL McGfB 
The marriage: took place on 
Saturday, al the Episcopal 
Church of St John the Baptist. 
Bowling Green, Ohio, of Profes- 
sor Andrew Glassand MissLiQy 
Mae McGill, both of Bowling 

Mr CJ. Wiaberg 
and Mbs X Ariwedaau 

The marriage, took {dace on 
October 4, in The Swedish 
Church In London, between Mr 
Carl. Johan Winbetg, younger 
son of Mr K. Wtnbeig, Stock- 
holm, and Mis G. Davidson, 
Mallorca, and Miss Jennifer 
(Candy) Arfwedson, daughter of 
Mr CJ.E. Arfwedson. 
Guadahnina, Spain, awf Mrs £ 
Grant, Woodgreen, Hampshire. 




TMUnw 02.30): EOucaUon SSL 

Latest wills 

the Royal Institute of British JM r>Twim*p». Rnaoen or 
Architects 1945-59, left es wi e WnwnnaW vjzK uam>«ar be 
valued at £67339 *■«*_ RWtibv and Rector or 



Toda y ( 2 - 20 ): Hnandaf Services BOL 
tSSStSZFcLB C8t Pubttc Order BBL 
aw* P*»»- 

iraSniSiy report 

Church news 

Royal Navy new entries 

The fallowing candidates have 
been declared successful for 
entry co the Royal Navy and 
have entered Britannia Royal 
Naval College. Dartmouth, this 

LIEUTENANT (Short Career Ooramts- 
J P R»n«i r. RHC S C Btxtcbum. 
York L'ni\; B L BurUnqham. 
Southampton Unit.: c C Bryce. Moray 
Hie Coll of EUuc Edinburgh: G J 6 
Chapman- Manchester L-nrv. O J 
Crook- Klnss Coll London: C Cunnino- 
tiam. Bel ..Coll at Tech._ Hamilton. 
Motherwell: M R Dixon. Baltic* Con. 
Oxl or (1 Unit: M J Crmwood. Leeds 
LinU: J H Hare. Lelcencr Lnlv : A Lea. 
Surrey L'nn: G E Nunn. Motumilum 
Lnlv: A B McCMlKfeif. Brunei Uoiv: C 
R Mar Lav. Newcastle Lniv: A J N 
OulMey. Noninqham Lniv. D W Reid. 
Banoor Univ: A SuckaL CianfMd Ini 
ot Tech: N A Talbot. Leeds Poly; P R 
Walker. Royal HoUoway. London 
Cnl\: J R Wilson. Bristol Unit. 
Career Omnoeilani (SEAMAN OFFI- 

A M Aaprtm. Jetu* Coll. Otfort: A M 
Benton. Brunei inn. R A Bolden. 
Queen Mary's Con: P D Bunce. 
Unemool lnlv. a j Burton. Durham 
L'nn : s Bvwr. East Anglian Unnr M 
J Canon. Manchester Inn; S o’ 
James. Leeds L'nn : a C Lynes. St 
Andrews; r J Lomson. Warwick 
inn: E B R Nonhoole. Mary Coll. 
London. J M H Ptoout. UWIST; R S 
PriesUy. Lancaster Lnn; MSG 
Tetiow. Liter pool Inn . J R THaUtui. 
cambndoe (Maqdalenei Lnlv R K 
Thomas. City ot London PMy. A 
Wallace. Strathclyde liui 
Carper Corn mission i Btslruclor Officer 
JOT Dyer. Brtsioi Poly; j A Jones 
Leicester Unit'. « Liverpool Unit . C R 
Jones. Cambrulcie L.'nl\. R T Reyn 
nkJs. Royal Holloway London L'nn. c 
R wills. Norih Stans Poly 
Career CprtunttMonedi ENGINEER 

J M carter. City L'nlv. kcvuunpian: 
BG aiitwoe. LeKesier Lniv. DM R 
Chance. Plymoutn Poly: A K Gam- 
bies. SouUiamMon L'ntv D L Hoseut. 
Glonow Lrwi M L Kaye. Newcastle 
Lnn ; I A Jackson. Lnnersjn; Colle«j«- 
London: M 4 Pectcham. PSymouUi 
Pour. I A Rogers. Warwick Cnn. 

re er Co mtnBaionl SUPPLY AND 
J A W Doyle. Portmouth My: A D 
Gibson. Glasgow Unis: A □ 
MrConocnie. Bath Untv: J F WoOry. 
Branford l;nlv 

Career CommrtsMtil i SEAMAN OFFT- 

M □ Mackenzie. SUrtino Univ. 
midshipman t Medium -Career 
R S Burstcnv. Deionoort HMl Sell: J 
A Hemman. Okehamnton Con. 
MIDSHIPMAN l Medium Career 
B F Bosuslow. Army Apprentice Coll: 
J M Blackburn. RN Upper Yardman; 
S C Roberts. Richard Habit Coil. 

midshipman 'Short Career Coramta- 
R W Johnson. Kervmali Manor Sen S 
C Kay. Dorsef inn of . HE: C w 
Mprqgn. Si Martin Sell Wales: T N 
Rawiincon. RN Upper Yardman: T H 
C Rogers. SI Artswil VI Form; N P W 
smnn. Warwick Untv: D t 
WM fijnMipfi. Trie London Oratory Sen. 
MIDSHIPMAN 1 Short Career Commls- 

* N Aikinson. RN Upper Yardman 

MIDSHIPMAN iFlill Career OOmlliB- 
□ Allwood. Nottingham High S<3t: L 
M Campbell. Jane Otnewte Sch. 
Edin. JJ Harley. Norfolk Coflof Art & 
Tech. J R Holliday. Brad lord GS: J E 
Rju-j . Femaown upper sen Dorset: 
M T Houibeng. Wevmouua CoU; L C 

.. uui-iin vm: v, a Lraan. 

Madras Coll. St Andrews. Fife: O J 
Middlelon, Radley CoU. Ox on. R E 
Morlcy. Dulwich Cotl: T N C Rawltn*. 
ChnsH Hoso Sen Horsham: J A Todd. 
Bisnon of uandaff Sen: J Vickers, st 
Boniface^ CoU Plymouth. J E C 
While. Ncwca»ile upon Lyre Sen. 
MIDSHIPM AN iF uii Career COmtnts 
J J Andrews. MilUleld Sch Somerset: 
J M Beectu Kinp Edward VI Sch Notts: 
H P L Biqgs. Gordons Town Sell 
Morayshire. M S Boardman. The 
Norten Kruimouil Sch: H D Conam. 
Unroln Chris! Hosp Sch; P L 
Foraham weiK Cathedral sch- C D 
realties. Portsmouth OS; S T Hayes. 
Russell Sr h Latin. M C Humphries, 
hi rue. wood Sch. Bath. C N Larmour. 
Exeter Sch. R A Lauohln. Mormon'3 
Acodems. Aberdeen; D McCue, Ports 
mmuh Gram Sen: C O Maxwell- 
Heron. Portsmouth Gram Sch: A M 
Steward. Bolton Sch 


p * w 

A J BaUanr. Newcastle Univ; B J 
Carroll. Uverpoot untv; c C Deacon. 
BrwwUhlv. Mandalen's Sch. Oxrorrf: 
N E Downing. Owen's Untv Bangor. 

Sl/Bv pf la^,: R M^NotcuR. 
Bath Univ: N R Ouene. Surrey Univ: 


R J Ansty. Devonport 
A : i iu m wi a. Punfcrnm 

Sch: T DCurass. 
Sch Wilts; O R 

J H Davie*. Exeter Univ: I R Johnson. 

Bjmdntjtojn Univ : WE Uab. 

Univ. T® 1 

A Price. 

Snefnrtd Untv ; N j 

Career Commission) ENGINEER 


v£iH£gF n - Yock untvi 3 J nartae - 




wooteiw SClN Hants: N R Davws. 

Godwn Neasnnefci anr High 3ch: CG 
gowfawH. Harvcv Oram Sch. Kent: P 

gr pi 

C R Bennett. BOW CoU or OmfbnL 
GOU« Bn IvJ 

ireg!l ggPorjd^r* 

Tech: A A.Mbanu- BmsMtm Univ. 

MIDSHIPMAN IMedltmt Caroer 

O Burlaw, Wanmgton High Sen far 
nw A P Orchard. Partnw mo i H8. 

Taytor. Harrow weald vt 
tEaaxi P T Wrr lu at o o. Arm 

Norfofk: S A.wmls. 
Mary's CoU. London. Yeovil 

Dyer. Glasgow unfvi w M 
UvwwtWvija lp R tMn- 

scon. M H vodM Cou BaWnw, 

Larmni.' r 

MrGInty. London Univ. C D 

jia s-ja. 

P J Shepherd. Richard Hubh n»w. 


p p RaKMB r.m Cau 

TlvVdaJe CotT j Sch. J t L 

UttK ex *“*- ■" " 

mv at 

GSfcn uofannsamv 1 

sen. ' f G_ Meponaid. 



MR I. G. H, 

Lawyer of broad ( .. 


Mr Ian Campbell. TD. QC, 

. died on October 16 at the age 
of 77. He was a man of 
conventional training and ap- 
parently convennonal out- 
look, who nevertheless 
showed an uncommon range 
of sympathy and insight while 
serving, from 1963 to 1979, as 
tbe Lord Chancellor’s Legal 

Ian George. Hallyburton 
Campbell was born on July 
19. 1909. He was educated at 
Charterhouse and Trinity Col- s f 
legs, Cambridge, before being 
called to the Barm 1932. As a 
barrister be was a member of 
both the Inner Temple and 
Lincoln's Inn. - 

During tire war he served in 

the Artists' Rifles and Rifle 
Brigade. By .1945 he was a full 
colonel, having been GS02 at 
‘ 1st Army headquarters and 
Chief Judicial Officer to the 
Allied Commission in Italy. 

After the war emteL and 
before he was demobilised, he 

was tbe chief British legal 
officer in the military govern- 
ment of Austria. - 
Returning to civilian life he 
built up a nourishing practice , 
as a junior at the. Chancery 
Bar. But after taking silk in 
1957 he found be was not 
doing so well, and this reiative 
iadc of success may: have 
influenced bis decision to 
accept the post of - Lord 
Chancellor’s Legal Visitor in 

His new role waste keep an 
eye on the “patients" . for 
whom the Court of Protection 
is responsible, and, since at 
any one time about 3,000 out 
of a total of 20,000 or so 
needed to be visited, the task 
that be shared with three 
Medical Visitors was very 
demanding. During an . aver- - 
age year he would personally 
visit five to six hundred 
people. ■ 

. But- tt was not simply, or 
even primarily, the numbers 
involved that made the work 
so difficult- By its very nature 
it required him to deal with 
human situations that could 
be extremely awkward, baf- 
fling, alar m in g , painful or 
pathetic. Ttrafl of them he 
brought qualities of under- 
standing that far transcended 
anything that could reason- 
ably have been expected of 

His interest in tbejtrobtems 
be faced was by no means 
confined to their legal aspects, 
and his reports to tbe Court 
wereread^ with special appreci- 
ation. His retirement in 1979^ 
was much lamented. ' 

.. Though not foe easiest man 
to get to - know; he was 
essentially sociable, He Eked 
traditional company, and en- 
joyed playing bridge at 

Rnviln's. - • 

He maiiied, in 1949, Betty 
Yolande Bruno (nee 
Madeank who survives him 
with a son and a daughter. 


\ Mrs Jeanne^ MacKenzie, 

FRSU who dial on October 
16 at tbe age of 64, was best- 
known for the^ biographies of 
Charles Dickens. H. G- Wells 
and the First Fabians that she 
wrote in collaboration with . j 
her husband^ Norman Mac- 
: Kenzie; and as co-editor with 
.him of tbe recent four-volume 
edition of the Diary of Be- 
atrice Webb. But she also won 
acclaim for books that she 
wrote on her own. 

Daisy Jeanne Sampson was 
born at St Helen's, Lancs, on 
Janaary 30, 1922. She was 
educated at Cowley Grammar 
School' for Girls and the 

- London School of Economics. 

Before she turned to writing 
she was (briefly) -a civil ser- 
vant, a publisher’s reader, and 
a marriage counsellor. 

The books produced by her 
. independently include a study 
of Australia, -where she spent 
two years {Australian Para- ,-u’ ■ 
dox, 1962); an anthology of - r . 
literary anecdotes on eyefina ?! ’ 
(1981); and The CJuldrmof V - 
the Souls, which appeared this 
summer; an evocation of the 
■“lost generation" of BaUiol 
men who were killed in the 
1914-18 war. 

Her work as a biographer 
.was recognized by . the 
Heinemann Prize of the Royal 
Society of Literature,, and by 
her election as a Fellow of the 

She was a person .of quiet 
charm, ready humour, and 
never-feiJingconcern for other 
people. Sbejbad an optimistic 
and courageous temperament. ■ 

'.which sustained her in her * 
long final illness. , ■ . - 

■ae is survived by her i 
husband and 'by their -two ^-.% v 

DR HUGH j 4 

. Pffkingten, Brit- 

ish-born educator and philan- 
thropist. who became -a 
naturalized citizen of Kenya. i 
died in Canada on October 16 f- 
.after being knocked down by a 
car. He was 44. 1 * 

- -At the time he was on a tour 

of Can^iau universities to d\ii 
Wk about the (flight of f 
Aftuan refugees, and to visit , A&* 
Ajricm students Whom he had ? 
udped to place in Canadian 

SCbOOlS.: ife&i 

earned a docior- 

- 1&SS? ar-WSKr 

University before 

on wort m 

1 1 
it " 





• l tui TIMES MONDAY OCTOBER 20 1986 


taw*, you rden or the worto. s« 
>««■ jnmtto anctreb an tne low. ana 

New/SbielF wRb all hancay. (Good 
WMon lil 

BENSON - On Odooer 14 . lo Victoria 
twh? Kadowj and Patrick, a son. Rtou 
Hugh Patrick: a brother (Or EraUjr. 

BfUMALL - On October 14Ut at Prin- 
cess Alexandra's. Harlow, to 
Elizabeth (me dark] and Colin, a 
daugnier Victoria May. 

WWW On the J6th October at 
Odstock HosoitaL Salisbury. To Enti- 
ty m6e Eden) and RonakL A son 
Nicholas James, a brother for 

COLVHJJE - On 16th October, at the 
Undo wing. Si Mary's FatUtington. 
to Elaine cnee Davy) and Andrew, a 
daughter. Emily Christine Rose- 

DONNELLY on October 16th at Queen 
Mary's hosnnal. Roeftampton. to 
Paul and Dine (nee OUU. a etft of a 

. daughter. Esther Anna. 

KMLE ■ On October 14th. to Frances 
(nOe Coals) and Michael, a son. Jona- 
than Richard. 

BKAHAM - On 16th October 1986. lo 
Elizabeth iitee CoMwem) and Giles, a 
son. Thomas QonenL a brother for 
Rupert . 

JEFFERY On 16th October 1966 to Jo- 
anna (nee Oakes) and Tony a 
daughter. Amelia Rose. 

LYONS - On October 1st. lo Kate and 
Max. a daughter. Rosalie Blanche, a 
stater (or Shaun. 

ROSS • On 16th October, hi Mandy 
Inte HUD and Michael, a daughter. 
Annabel Clare. 

VOLKMAHN - On 14th October to SB- | 
rah A Harold, a daughter Catherine i 
CatmeUa. a sister for Stefan. 



October in Kenya. John son of Mr A 
Mrs ten Richardson of I we me Min- 
ster. Dorset lo Patricia Louise, 
daughter of Mr Louts Cohen of South 
Africa and Mrs Valerie Holmes of 

19th October 1985 at St Mary's fo 
the Angels. Mkftcal Tolkien ft Emma 


BARTLETT On Thursday October 
16th 1986 peacefully at home Justin- 
ian HcdJcy aged 82 years. Adored 
husband of Sally, much loved father 
of John. Marlin and Clare and loved 
by all his grandchildren. Family cre- 
mation at Cambridge City 
cremaloctum on Wednesday October 
22nd at 9am. A service of thanksgiv- 
ing win be held at St Maty's Church. 
Saffron Walden on Friday October 
24 ih at ZJOgm. Family flowers only 
please but if desired donations for 
Caurcr Research may be sent lo 
HJ.Pamiln Lid. 43 High SL Linton. 

CARTER On October 16tfa at the 
Queen Elizabeth Hospital. Kings 
Lynn. David Drtng aged 58 of The 
Cottage. Stow Bardolpti. Kings Umn. 
Dearly loved and devoted husband of 
Bridget and adored father of Patricia. 
Richard and Nicola. Funeral service 
at Uw Parish Church. St Mary Mag- 
dalen on Monday October 20th at 
1 lam. FamUy flowers only please, 
donations If desired to Queen Eliza- 
beth Hospital, c/o of RJ-f .Flayers ft 
Son Funeral Directors. 42-43 Rail- 
way Rd_ Kings Lynn. 

COURTENAY - On October 7th. AsMey 
and Nancy. The Funeral wta take 
place at Chichester Crematorium on 
Thursday October 23rd at 12.15 
p.m.. ir desired, donations in Ueu of 
Dowers to Hotel and Catering Benev- 
otoit Association. 52 Ridgeway. 
Wimbledon SW19. Arrangements 
for a Memorial Service In London 
win be announced later. 

FIWA1I - On October 17th. peacefully 
at home. Brian Vtner aged 77 years. 
Much loved husband of Topper, fa- 
ther of JUL Carol and Susan and 
devoted grandpa of Andrew. Mal- 
colm and Jason. Funeral Service at 
St. Peter ad Vincula -Church, 
wtsborough Green on Wednesday 
October 22nd at MS p.m. followed 
. by private cremation- Flowers may 
be sent to Freeman Brothers. Funeral 
D irectors. Horsham. 
. 16th. peacefully in London. William 
Marsden aged 84 loved husband of 
Pam and much loved stepfather and 
stepgrandfaiher. Service and crema- 
tion al Putney Vale Crematorium on 
Thursday 23rd October at 5.00pm. 
FLEMINC - On October 16th. peaceful- 
ly In hospital. In his 90Ui Year. 
James Gordon Fleming, son of Uw 
(ale DavM Fleming. Director of 
Dickson Brown and Title. Manches- 
ter. and brother of Helen, and unde 
of Allison, both of 66. Cirencester 
Road. Chefienham. Formety of Edin- 
burgh and Harrogate, and latterly of 
Nazareth House. Cheltenham. Requi- 
- cm Mass, al Nazareth House, on 
Thursday October 23. al i0-50am. 
followed by cremation al Chelten- 
ham. at 11.30am. FamUy flowers 
only, donations to. Nazareth House. 
16th 1986 at home. Janies Richard 
Sanrrofl aged 70. Husband of Anne, 
father of Paul and James and grand- 
faihe- of Elizabeth. Funeral private. 

A memorial service will be held at 
Derby Cathedral on Saturday No- 
vember 8th al 11 am. 

O B ROHS - On October 17th 1996. 
peacefully at Ms home. TVn-y-Coed. 
Bontnewydd. Dolgellau. Reginald 
Cedi, aged 74 years. Beloved hus- 
band of Brenda and dear father of 
Guy and Robin. Public funeral ser- 
vice at SL Paul's Chinch. 
Bryncoedifor. Rhydyroaln. on 
Wednesday. October 22nd. at 11-46 
am. (Mowed by cocnmltaf at 
Emestery crematorium. Shrews- 
bury. No Flowers. D on atio n s. If 
wished, gratefully accepted towards 
SL Paul's Chinch. Bryneoedftar. c/o 
Mr John OrinkwaMT. Brynaraul. 
Bryncoedifor. Enquiries la Reef A 
Sans Funeral Directors. Do fo cOau 

HOLT - On October 13*h. at Brorapum 
Hospital Chelsea. Mariorte Lumen- 
Hall S.R-N- S.C.M. (Malar Q.A.R.. 
A.NjC_ Retd). The Funeral sendee 
win take place at Putney Vale Cre- 
matorium. at lOam. on Thursday 23 
October. Flowers If desired, lo Ear- 
nest Lamer ft Son. Funeral 
Directors. 246 Upper Richmond Rd 
SW1S. Tel 01-788 2942. 

NKHOU - On October 14th 1966. 
Helen PhyOts aged 8a widow of the 
late Dr. Herbert John Nichols CJ-E. 
and mother of Jeremy, following a 
road accident on Saturday October 
10th. Funeral service at Hotton on 
Saturday October 25th at 1 1 am fol- 
lowed by cremation at SL Fatih's 
Crematorium. Norwich at 1230 pm. 
-Mourned by her son and daughter in 
law Anne and three grandcWklrfflu 
FamUy flowers or donations to 
Holton Church Restoration Fund 
c/o CLE. Wootnough. HaleswoTth 

aLURENSHAW - On October ltUh 
1986. Colonel Robert George Watson 
OHermsltaw KJ5LJ.. E.RJ3.. T O. 
O.H-S-. DJ_ F.R-CS- LML JP- : 
aged 74 years, of Pine Rand 
DMsbury. Manchester. Beloved hus- 
band of Kalhleen and father of. 
Charles and the tele Florence. Funer- 
al service at St James's Church. 
DMsbury on Wednesday October 
22nd at 12 noon. No Dowers. Dona- 
tions to Broughton House Home far 
Disabled Ex Servicemen. Salford or 
St John Ambulance In Greater Man- 
chester. Enquiries Messrs John C 
Ashton and Company. Tel 061 928 

FILKBWTOH - On October 16 Ul trag- 
ically In a road accident In Canada 
Dr. Hugh Austin WtaSe PIDdngton 
of Karen. Nairobi, aged 44 years: 
dearly loved son of Mrs Mtrtam 
Pilktngton of Herdey-on-Thames and 
Or. Roger Pffidngton of SL AiXdn. 
Jersey CJ.. Cremation will take place 
privately In Canada. Details of Me- 
morial Service to be announced 

iriBKIOLII - On October 17th 1906. 
peacefully at ifie Royal Marsden Hos- 
pftaL Audrey SyML beloved wife at 
Frederick and mother of Rosemary 
ana Robert. Funeral private followed 
by Thanksglvtng Service at SI John's 
United Reform Church. HaUoweti 
Rd.. Nortbwood on Thursday Octo- 
ber 23rd at 3pm. No flowers please. 

SELBY - On Saturday 18th October 
1986. in her sleep, at home In 
Retgaie. Nettie, widow of Edgar 
Wynne Selby and mother of Marga- 
ret Anne. Funeral private, family 
flowers only. 

TOLHURST - On I7tii October 1986. 
with characteristic courage: Patrick 
Dermot aged 75. He win be very 
much missed by Ms loving wife Jeon. 
Ms stepdaughters and Ms cfoMren. 
Tilly. Fanny. Dominic and Justin 
and by those dose to them, especially 
Ms grandauqhier. Fanny Bostock. To 
be remembered with love. RIP. 

WILSON - On October 17th 1986. 
peacefully at ManfleM House. Gerald 
Richard Powlen. Beloved husband of 
Ursula- Service at All Saints Church. 
ManflebL Darlington at 230 pm on 
Tuesday October 2lsL Family flow- 
era only but donations If wished to 
Marie Curie Foundation. 9 Beigrave 
Mews South. London SW1. 



600DW1N - A Service of Thanksgiving 
for the life of Sir Reg Goodwin will 
be held at AH Hallows by the Tower. 
ByvnrdSmtL London ECS on Fri- 
day 14th November 1986 at 12 

HORNE - A Memorial Service, for 
Commander Bremer Home. D.S.C. 
Royal Navy, will be held at SI Mi- 
chael Paternoster Royal. College HU>. 
London EC4. on Monday 3rd No- 
vember. at 12 noon. 


HARVEY Wilfred. Remembered, 
lovingly always. Molly. 

£4 a Itae + 15% VAT 

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CstlBll Of Bona sum 



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flat Interest rOepa 

01-491 2777 

over 1 year (APR 0*ul. Low UMwreP 
raws over 3 ware IAPR 9.E»u) 4 3 years 
(APR 12.2 *- 1 written nobilm Free 
Catalogue. 30a High pair Road. NWS. 
01 367 7671. 

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prices ana under. «*so mdUle l(W» 
extra. Lame room me remnants under 
half normal pnee chancery canon ot 
405 0463. 











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carpel 28ftxl7fl m exreflenl roodinon. 
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629 3368 



★★1ST CLASS ★★ 

Science report 

Seeking links between 
the mind and blisters 

By Peter Brock 

The enthusiasm Tor running 

- marathons continues and more 
. than 40.000 applications have 
. been received for next year’s 

London event 

An attempt to discover what 

• drives people to subject ihem- 
.'- selves to such a gruelling experi- 

■ ence has become almost an 

• obsession m itself for Mr Peter 
t Gough, a psychologist at Aber- 

■ deen University, who is doing 
research into the question of 
whether exercise is good for you. 

Previous studies of mara- 
thons have concentrated on 
-’biological measurements such 

- as cholesterol levels, body tem- 
peratures and dehydration. Mr 

. Gough seeks to find links 
between mind and blisters. 

One of his studies involved 
the Aberdeen marathon which 
'attracted 1,200 entries to pro- 
duce 600 runners, the remainder 
falling out through injury or loss 
of interest. 

“The Aberdeen run was 
particularly interesting because 
unlike a lor of others it was not a 

- mainly middle-class event. 
About a third of the runners 
were blue collar workers”, he 
said. Among them was a small 
group of unemployed people. 

Half of the runners rated tbe 
activity as being among the 
most important things in their 

• lives, while 90 percent said they 
would take part in another 
marathon within the next 12 
months. The questionnaire they 
answered for Mr Gough was 
delivered some weeks after the 

The research is a joint effort 
•; fry the university's departments 
of psychology and environ- 
mental and occupational medi- 
cine. It is gram aided by the 

- Health Promotion Research 

'‘Some participants see the 
, mystique of the marathon as 
r. being greatly exaggerated and it 
is the practical aspects of the 
race that hold a special attrac- 
tion for them. For a start, they 

sleep much better”, Mr Gough 

“The media, surprisingly 
when you consider the amount 
of television coverage, appears 
to have little influence in sitting 
them into training. The chal- 
lenge of the particular distance 
generates strong motivation 
while the spin-off in fitness and 
health, weight and physical 
appearance maintains that 

A lai 2e number of the runners 
differentiated between enjoy- 
ment of the race (which was low) 
and satisfaction (which was 
high), reporting that apart from 
the sense of well-being, the 
marathon provided consid- 
erable insight into personal 
capabilities, not merely for run- 
ning but for coping with every- 
day life. 

Single-parent families and the 
unemployed said they trained 
for the event with low levels of 
self-confidence which under- 
went considerable uplift when 
the finishing line was crossed. 

Domestic life suffered for 12 
per cent of the runners because 
the demands of training severely 
curtailed normal social contact. 
However, marathon mania im- 
proved family life for 13 per 
cent, while the rest experienced 
no change. 

Only those with supportive 
partners felt free enough to 
train. But they, tike many other 
participants of all social classes. 

felt able to lay one of the ghosts 

that linger from schooldays: the 
dismissive attitudes of physical 
education teachers during or- 
ganized games in which they 
bad been forced io lake part. 

One of many said that it took 
him years to discover that 
running was fun. “When you are 
training and when you are 
competing against yourself dur- 
ing. the marathon, there is no 
one to belittle you", he told Mr 


JANE. 1 know) I know? | raraml bat 11*9 
your BuiMay - have a hanr one . lab 
of lo\e Andy 


MHMEU. : NOSERS On October 20th 
1951 at Woodcraft Hall. Burnt Oak. 
John to Mary (nee Rogers), now of 
20 Tithe Bam CreamnL Swindon. 
Wiltshire and of Lagos. Nigeria. 


areas. Dateline. OetHfQldl 23 AMngdan 
ROM. London WB. TM: 01-938 toil. 
CALIBRE CITS Lid professional curricu- 
lum \ue documents- Drtaite: 01-631 

Bll IBM I I am BE TTE R In B 

Juliet Interior. 581 3556/581 

GAOTALCVb prepare high quality currtr- 
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A LOAM with a manor hack guarantee? 
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Dial lOO freefone Portfolio umn 
8 00pm. Premier Portfolio. FreeaoOL 
Reading. RG1 IBR. 

IfgM EXD- Che**. Ln MM. AU the*!** 
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AX* / Visa / Diners, 

BIRTHDAY DUE T Give someone an Origl- 
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day i hey were bora. £12-50, 0492- 

SCAri til Ut3. Bert tickets for MB Hold- 
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CATS, CRESS. Les Mta. Ati theatre and 
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SIABteST KITTENS. seal. awe. 
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YORK CRAZY PAYING for patios and 
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YORK FLAGSTONES for panes A drive- 
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LA TRAVtATA iKaUa RkcUreUi Covert 
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la Busmen 01-938 3444 
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once (T £3 

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Alicante ft- £« 

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Faro tr £6 

CONVEY ANCMC tar ruOy manned SoUd- 
lora. Cl 80 -4- VAT and nandard 
(Usburvenaenu ring 0244 310306. 

»r 17 BuUtrode SL. London W1 Ol 486 


WANTED. Lock-up garage (or large ttord 
car. Lease or rental. Portland 
Place /Harley Street ana. Tel: 01-493 
1412 or 01-636 299a 

C2S per oz up la paid for River articles 
£260 per oz lor goto. AH diamond 
Jewellery bought. Mr Hart Ol -960 BOSO 
or Write 361 Harrow Road. London. 
W9. All England covered. 

LUX RENTAL name reo'd. San 
rranfttco/Bny area. MM/Mng term, for 
prof prrson ino oudrenj. Exc ref*. 060 
Ml 0885. 

IEWELUERY. Gold. SBver. Obnonds UP 
gently wanted. Top prices. WtUamt. 43 
Lambs Conduit 9 WCl. 01 40S 8638. 

WANTED Edwardian. VKtortan and an 
panned lurniture Mr Astuon Ol 947 
5946. 667-669 Carrait Lane. Earisftrid. 

ROYAL BOULTON Toby Jogs. Figurines, 
art mi b. etc., wanted. Ol 883 0024. 




Resists Carpets 

Mnakabo reNcl pile carpcDag. 14 pbin 
ctdoan. Built in onderfay 12* wide from 
nock. 7 vear rar guaiamce for home ar 
office. £4.75 per sqviL Corfcapiasi cork 
ulev NawraL 275 * 27S onlj. 8W price 
aov where £8.95 per vgtL Perfect (pods. 
Plus the lansra selection of phm crrprt- 
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207 Havmtock Hill 
Hampstead NW3 
Td: 01-794 0139 
Free Estimates- Expert Fitting 



A nrt he atm om «i ri paw pudases Pq- 
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OIMP 10 DUOUSI schanr Iran ori» («om «d 
dnw Mr m m tpnis 


abwit ® mm 

01 335 8832 
Artday Race. SEIS 
01 K* 4517 

■unarea Grand Plano No 47953. 
Rosewood. 6 It C3.000 nan. Tel 
Oiiord 109592) 2836 tw/mfe & alter 

PERSIAN CARPETS IZsotn silk and 2 
I2sam wool High Quality. Trim*. Very 
nvwMBtr pnre Private to private. Tel 
01-602 8004 anytime 

V STEMWAY GRAND Plano. £1300. 
Brcttstrm Lortght tin need of snail at- 
■enlHMii £500 TelOl 674 3458 

storks ol I7in and i«n century reptka 
lumlturc oy same of England's f torsi 
craftsmen. Neruebed. near Henley on 
Thames <04911 641216 
THE TIMES 17H-U8C. Other titles 
avail. Hand bound ready lor presenta- 
tion ahu “Sundays” £12.50 
Remem be r Wh en 01-688 6323 
vuierov A Borh clc we beal any pnee 
AKS 0032 784128 

2 BEAUTIFUL Berhsletn Grands, musi- 
csins instruments, good price tor araefc 
sale. 586 4981 m 

BRUME. London School of Bridge and 
Qua. 38 Kings Road. Swl tu-389 



Together we an beat it. 

We fond oter one third of oil 
w en t h into tbe p row a i on and. , 
care of c a n ce r in tbe UK. 

Help a by lending a rtnrminn 
or make a legacy ux 


Reseafdi Ul 

Campaign SjkJ 

2 Cribon Hour TtomT n 

CDepr TT72«/ie), London SW1Y SAR. 


s/r studio mi. 1 b«L Uvtng/ktL own 
phone. In MbactKf period Me. 
X240PCIB.01 736 0173 KH or 6273089 

JCYrtMSTONE Young Prof M/F NfB to 
share flat. 15 mips City. 5 rains Mil. 
Own room. £166 pem s- MU b. Tri. 0263 

Wl prof. pen. to share lux. flat. O/r. 
£200 D.C.m. rtusIXUS. Tri: 01 902 1262 
x 422 (OoyL Ol 992 3636 (EvcsL 

HCHMOHD prof male, non sm o bw. own 
ftunribed room in ML saopw exa. tel 
01 878 2616 eves. 

rRAMCMECOOwr RDCIOW- to Eartritrid 
siauontlWI7. Room In Victorian couage 
overlooking playing fields. Would SUH 

prof person- share focIHUes. Eto pw. 
■nclusise of rier. OH and CHW.OI 937 
9684 or moMie prwne 0036 209126 

CAmnmnu. n twe c«v. doump 
roam ui snared ItaL rail roupie. Rent 
£30 per week earn phn shore of bills. 
Tri 737 6384 after 630 pm. 

CMEUEA *W3 Mon/Frt. l prof lady. 
N/Sfor large beautiful bedsH. Share KA 
B with (mate graduate owner. £45 pw 
tnct.-+ own pfiime Tri 01 3B2 7524 
FLATMATES S elective Sharing. WH 
ratals Introductory service- Pbe tri for 
a ppl 01689 6491. 313 Brompion 
Rood. SW3 

**• Stogie room to 04 ftaL nr tube, tor 
prof m/r. 25S-. a/s- £36 pw «<kI- T el Ot 
628 60 80 eta 360 after tOam 
CAMBERWELL, prof M/F. Lge «*e tin. 
Beaut Mews Hse Own Damraom etc. 
£165 pcm. exet. Tel. 01 JOB 0073. 
CENTRAL LONDON T warned. Prof f 
seeks n/s comfortable flaL O/R. nr lube. 
Tc i 01 -2 26-1909 / 377-7176. 

CM IS WICK: Nr. tube, prof 25/35 yrs share 
lux flat, ch 5 paridng. £45 pw excL Lou- 
isa. day 935-6234/eves 9950221. 
CUBHRCKs 3rd n/s. M/F to share CH 
house with o/r. dose TUraham Green 
lube. £180 Inc pan. Trt:399-93I3. 
share hoe. tor twui dble rm. CH. All mod 
cons. Prof only. £70 PW. 01 223 7262 
PUUMNL Prof m 26*. o/r tn quirt com- 
fonabie hse. cti. gdn. tono/cbort leL non 
smoker. £ 206 pan Inc. Tel 736 8440. 
fl LHrilltoi Ni. Prof m/f 26+ non smok- 
er la Share luxury house, o/r. £60 pw + 
bus. Tel 225 5641 level L 
NWS Near Swiss Callage Prof M/P lo 
share lux CH 3 bed raaisonefte with 1 
oth er £65pw eject Tel Ol 6E4 7524. 
MMLMO Pled 4 Terre tn flat. £186 pcm 
tort. SuU professional person necdlno 
base in London. M 01834 3168- 
(UllEY Female to share with couple. 
N/S. O/R. luxury gdn rial. Nr tube. £55 
pw. Tri. O l 874 9848 aller 6.00m. 
toOTHFElltl Prof m/f. N/S. to share 
taiety flat MmFrt O/R. £150 pm me. 
Tri: Ol 388 6188 

SW18 prof female. N/S. to sfrr mxd use 
o/r nr Tube. 12730 pw. Tct-.Ol 222 
5600 days. 

W3 Prof M N/S to share ho u se. O/R. 
PAP- all ameidues. £AOpw exCL Tri: Oi- 
992 3671. 

Wfo 3rd prof f >30+1. n/s. own dbto rm In 
CH quiet household. £200 pan (net. THi 
01 385 0416 (after 4 JO pm) 

W14 Young Prof M/F to share ftaL O/R. 
CH All mod cons. £200 pan. Tri. Eves 
Ol 381 2540 

ra w rtmON PARKSIDE. girt share 
bouse, garage, garden. £i60pcsn. id AI- 
dnshoi 102521 860424. 


PLIGHTnooKERs ptscourt Fares world- 
wide. 01-387 9100 

MALAGA. GAMA W E * . Ol 441 till. 
Trasetwne. AMa. AM. 

Ol 734 6307 ABTA/AInl. 

•-jrteCA From £465. 01-684 7371 

SOUTH AFRICA for Christmas Special 
rates. Motor Travel. Ol 485 9237 LATA 

1ST. Ch in d r Economy non Special 
lares. HTT Tel: 01-930 1366. 

specialising in IsL Oub dm. economy 
to AmlraUa. South Africa. USA. LiSMn. 
Faro. Cenev a. Abo acromodathm Swt» 
Alps. LUbon Coasts. Afoarve Apts A pri- 
vate villas. Ol 656 7025 AST A 73196 
C42Q rtn £7 6a. AUCMand o/w £420 rtn 
£775 JotMirg o/w £246 rtn £485. U» 
Angrirt o/w £178 rtn £340 London 
Fhom Centre 01370 6332. 

V ALEXANDER Euronean Sun. FWm. 
01-402 4262/0062 

V Alexander CampetMhe w or ldwi d e 
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LATH A MERIC A. Low cast rtgrits e g. 
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America. Mid and Far East. S Africa 
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580 2928 (Visa Accented I 
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dero nations. For me cheapesi fares, by 
us Isl RKrtnend Travel. I OuLeSneeL 
Rktonond Surrey ABTA Ol 940 4073. 
NIPPONAM Sent sale la LSA-Canbbean- 
Far East- Amiran*. Gall me 
orotesvianafei abta iata cc excepted. 
Tri 01 2S4 S788 

IMza (7 

Tenerife IT .... 
Lanzaroie er._ 




Sotted to Aft-port Tax 

01-437 9194/0246. 


Lari mtnule tnrgatas Algane. 

Tenerife. November /Win ter sun. 
Winter rnghM - hv destinations. 

Xmas ragbts. Xmas world wine 
holidays- Egypt Jordan. Sri Lanka. 

Sumner "87 advance booktngs. 
special ofters ol *86 prices. 
Only direct fttun 

Ventura Holidays 

Tri London Ol 251 5466. 

Tri Sheffield 0742 331100 
Tri Manchester 061 834 0033 


Athons £99 Munich £89 

Faro £99 New York £289 

Frankfurt £74 Nice £109 

Geneva £94 Paris £7* 

Hamburg £74 Rome £99 

Los Angeles £ 3 49 Toronto £219 

Madrid £99 Venice £9B 

Milan £85 Zurich £94 

Many More Routes AvaUopte 


ABTA - Ol 406 7082/405 8042 


Return Rehn 

Jo'barg/Har £*66 Dauato £420 

Nairobi £390 Sydney £760 

Cairo £230 Auckland £785 

Lagos £360 Honq Kang £SBO 

Dri/Borahay £360 Miami £330 

Bangkok £300 And Many More 


Parte £69 N YORK 

Frankfurt £60 la/sf 

Lagos £320 Miami 

Nairobi £32S Singapore 

Jotiurg £460 Bangkok 

Cairo £206 Katmandu 

Drt/Bom £355 Ranwxxi 

Mono Kong C610 CricuRa 

Huge nxcmmts Avad an 1st a CMC 


21 Swallow Si. London Wl 
01-439 2100/437 0657 


AMMAN £260 KARACH £27 

BOMBAY £323 LAGOS £33 

CAIRO £210 MIAMI £26 

DELHI £3*5 ROME £10 





Tet 01-439 3521/8007 

FRENCH SM ctwlcf. La dun Rerittert 
Sian. Superb accrom. Also Meal Artunm 
Breaks. Tri «242> 502124 uni/ 

SPAM Costa Btonra. near sen with be****- 
lid views. Easy shopntog but car 
advisable. 4 bed + dermnory uleeps 
1 2+i. 3 baths, lemrts court. Winter hum/ 
short -lets. References. TM 01 5073464 

ALGARVE alternative: 

The flnest houses tor reoiaL 73 IB 
James SL SW1. 01 491 0802. 



Luxury chalet available for rent 
Jan 1 1 lb-3 1st. Fcburary lst- 
t3ttL Aura 22nd-30dt- Sb» IS + 
2 chalet girls. 7 beds. 6 baths. 
Jacuzzi, video, electric boot 
warmer. No tour groups - 
£2£00 PW. Can Ot 370 0031 
(Day) or 01 603 0680 after 6pm 

SM WEST - NEW! SPectaT offers on 
groups. RING FOR A DEAL! Abo other 
amazingly tow prices starting at £59. 
arit far a copy of our bumper woU iu re. 
tOU 7B5 9999. Abta 59256 AMI 1385. 

filling a chalet Mr 10 entUles you to a 
FREE hobday - any date* Masses of ott- 
er discounts for catered duets, prices 
rroro £i99fl s/c £59. Ring us now Ol 
370 0999. 

W W W ■NBOE -Ott telU MSw ieclatein 
Oo u rc ft ovM only £2S9t Fla a c h alet a n d 
go FREQ Ring us lor dccaOi Ot- 244 

RMBb Orty £187 ratorad chalets fnct 
fltti ptoa Free Holidays for oruiM. 
Do n't rotes th is apponuoky- 8M WMZZ 
Ol 370 0999 

Meribelle. vtHora. Mepi ve. CoeMkirt. nr 
vice. greoL riding. PtwoeOI 5029756. 

8W TOTAL. Superb chalets, opts, hotels 
tn Top French/ Austrian Resorts fr £61. 
109321251113. - - 

SKI TRACER} Superb 8/C In TtgnerLa 
Ptegne Derm Alpes 6 Mcgrve. Prices 
from only £59! Ol 244 7361 

taarii tribnga and long wi n dows. 3 beds, 
■mg. idMJien-wariter/Dnter and 

both/ shower. Long Co Let- C285 p.w. 
Goddard 6 Snum. Ol 930 7321. 

UnnwBTtlN UdlyoM prove area. 1/2 
bedroom, garden bwmem flat. Nr as 
dregraund. FuHv (umtshed. Central 
hearing. £180 pw. Tel 997 9845 after 
600 pm. 




care for their 
landlords and tenants. 

01 499 5334 



A stunning maisonette oTookWB 
Hyde Park wtitt a superb gailened 
d ra w i n g mi ft w> dining nv 
a fufly aquipd ftHcban. 3 tetWR 
ft 3ft bathnns- £1.000 pw. . 

01-586 9882 

NOLI MltWIlBL Liam SteCtolwl **• 
bed 2nd floor not. AB raJLfljfl* 
Long com pan y M. Ol 965. 7622 m. 

its Fully «autopedMx 
able bedroom rat. nmt 
0 pw. Tri- OX 794 8560 

LONDON LETS. Stud/1 bed from £X20 
pw. 2/3/4 bedim DM Or houMsetm 
5200 pw Pnaar 01-491 7545 m . 

IIA— IIKAU super W ffnnn to 
country setting, a/fookmg Heath ft gen 
course. 30 It L-snaped riuito. battoav. 
ML bthm/we. CH. phone. Aval) now 
for 1 vr. £95 pw. Owner 01585 4569 

standard. £170 pw. 244 7383 


HMBHT6W BE. Harrmn. 200 yds. 

— - — - next to Hyde Park. V. autei newly dec ft 

^.TliM ROW 2 bed nylsqnWeM aggge* torn Hat in wed run Mock. 2 (tote beds, 2 

1 twin. Bath ft shower, atony/ 
dWngr oom. tuny furnished 
let £478pw nrp. Cate Barnard Marcus 
834 7316.- 

¥ W BAPF tMa na g emcnt a er ri ewo Ltd re- 
guar properties m CeniraL South and 
Went London Antes for waning appd- 
caate M Ol 221 8838. 


MUMES SWU. Newty reftnWshed house 
In tree-lined street. 2 rains from Swedish 
school and golf course. 4 beds. 2 show- 
ers. I bathroom, a largo fitted kitchen, 
recep. garage, car nan. Can b e jet 
imrurnlshedXnirnMiBd. Co teL £200 
pw. 244 7363 

FUUMM SWG. A purpose buffi 2-bed (tet 
in supero new devetopmenL landscape 
gardens, shower room ensobe and a fur- 
ther bathroom. Spa ci ous opan-pfcn 
recep/din room. Americ an style kneh- 
en. gge. newly dec tiunugbouL A van 1 
yr+. CO leL £160 pw. 244 7355 

H r t S r * i V ' ' ' t . ■ ■ i ' - ' >- 1 

BULWK1L 3/4 bed mod house on private 
estate, targe rerep. garage. Ck»r sulloa 
and schools Long leL £i50pw. TeL- 01- 
761 0444 (24 nn). 

HAMMTEAB near heath. Luxury (M. t 
double. I single- bed. large Mange, dat- 
ing area, country Kitchen. Mabnum let 
1 year. £250 ow. 794 2789. 

HYDE PARK UTL SWT. 2 superb utra 
modern Interior de ri v ed Dads svaiL 2 
dole brdnas. dtee recepuon. 2 baths. 
Can Realty 01-581 0012 

M/UMLE ARCH. Quirt sunny, writ fur- 
nished lux dm. 2/3 bedrooms, races, 
din area, icrrae*-. entry anone. £280 pw 
CO- leL 262 2632 

PORTMAH 3 beds. 2 baO*. 

dbto reception. American kitchen rial in 
msdaeUlock. Ghrage avaQalile. Hiinrr 
Properties 01-486 8926 

(OUnvnn SPactoos. 3 bedrooms. 2 
recess. Got. garden, v.nrjae and 
*0 PA JU85PW. W Oi 731 6968 after 

★CZ. A beonUftP brand new 2 bed mai- 
soncOr. Large doable bed. designer 
famishing*, 'parten £300 pw. Lang 
company J*L Ot 935 7622 m 

AVAIL ABLE MOW Luxury da** boom 
£200 £1.000 pw. Tel: Burgess 68t 


HOUMBTDK Sunny gdn dal In Vogue 
mag. Lounge. 2 bdra £200 pw 602 5941 

■WH VIEW. Modem, eleg an t 4th floor 
(Nft) flat also overlooking Hm fto gham 
Oob. 4 beds. 2 baths. doUHe racen. dto- 
tag tialL frity coni kh/bfst m. 
Porterage- comm gdns. mooring, and 
, parking. £600 pw. Ina. hading Long 
let- PrrwtL 01-221 1404. 

IARBICAK ECZ. to tbe heart of Umpon'ts 
Rttancbd areas, few maw (Tom Bank of 
England and Stock Exchange. This su- 
perb apa rtm e n t on Em nr to Ben 
Johnson House c m norites of 1 bed. 1 
bam. recep. fr MtehOh. balcony. Z«hra 
porterage, parking Avail tong Co teL 
£X SO pw. 244 7353 

DftATCOTT PLACE; HO. A sriecUoti of 
riudtol ft 9 bedrm ftais ail newty dec ft 
luni. From £130 pw to £300 pw. Long 
Co tri. Sturgis ft Soo-trl OL 244 7441. 

MUMCmiN NS. wen ftonlshed Sbedntes 
bouse to attractive Cut-Oe r Sac nr Shops. 
- Tube. £200 gw. Co LoL Ol .455 1 120 

baths u. ensubei. foe recep rm. kn + an 
machines, too CH/orw. lift g won- 
age. £350 pw. Tel: 10628) 56782. 

NOLLANB Parta Handsome tea Boor If. 
Aviai 4-6 weeks. 8uK 1/2. 2 mum walk 
tube or HUS. £140 pw. Tri. 727-5465 
K Ul W O TO K pk RD. Spaciow «<tft ap- 
pointed I dbte bed. CH/CHW CXSO 

pw. Min let 2 mtbs. 01 221 0031 

LlIXinY 5EKVISIO FLAT6, cencral Lon- 
don (TOm £325 PW. Ring Town, Hse AMS 

373 3433 

M M ftWCP APAKWdKNT* to Ktuun gteW. 
Col T.v, 34 hr Sw. Triex. Oot dn fl n a ro 
Apartments. 01-373 6306. 


Section 175 of uar Companies Aa 1985.. 

1. An Eteraonttoarr General Meeting of 
the above named Gonmany duly con- 
vened ana brid al AbMree BuBring 
Racecourse todnsui a l Esuie. 
Ormstdrtc Road. Aintree. Uivpgol 19 
SAL. on Hie 1401 day of October 
1906. Special ResoMttons were paired 
mi Tim the co n ttn a p rwoj e j to be 
nude between me Company and 
Kanoetb L- Banrfor the p unja st of 
690 Shares of tbe-Ctetoteny and be- 
tween the- Company and Kenneth Cr 
Coot and John EL.Baiy for .tbe oa*v. 
chase of 605 of the Coauuny^ Shares 
In each rase pwstnnl to Sretton 164 
or the Com pa rt es Art 1986 be 

«b> Thai the pa ym en t of £149 J76 art of 
me Company's rapKaf as defined In 
Sertton 171. of the Oamna n les Act - 
1 9BS m ronect of me purchasetof (he 
Co mpan y man Kenneth L. Baty of 
690 of me compmayh Shares and 
. from Kenneth C. Cook and John E. 
Baty. af 605 or me company's Shares 
to each case p u rs uan t to Section 162" 
ot the sato Act be authorised . 

2. ThPStaunory deoarottouaf tturdtrec- 
tare and tbe AudUorf report required 
by Section 173 of the Companies Att 
1988 are avaHiMc al lire Oanmanr* 
FegWered OHIc* at Aintree BcdMlng 
Racecourse InduMial Ettaie. Onnsidflt 
Road. Atotree. UverpooL L9 5AL 

3. Any creditor of the Cranny may at . 
any time wttdn the ttat Are weeks . 

- hmac diri rty fqOuwtafl me 14th day of 
October 1986 apply to the (Bgb own 
of Justice lor an Order proMPttihe the - 

DATED the 17m da y of Oc tober 1986 


] % 

r-- : - 


?;■' 1 

AT,*. I 


Mood advice aod pntiwee on ( ed u ced keg 
haul [ia>id rotu. 


DAJU727 415W 
tecu/NJZ.ft FarEanetc. 
ABTA 72102- IATA. 
uaiaBROf T« 


NMroM. Jo -Burg Cairo. Dubai. 
Istanbul- Singapore- Ki, DeUti. 
Bangkok. Hong (Cong Sydney. 
Europe, ft The Americas. 

76 Shaftesbury Avenue 
London wtv 7DG. 

01-439 0102/01-439 7751 
Open Satuntey 10.00-13.00 

verrity ft British Museum. Telephone 
Helen Watson ft Co. 680 6270. 

NUtaaiftCtoss Shopg Luxury Iri ftr 2 bed 

hnsM flaL Pref Co l et. CO OP pcm 
Phone for further detaus <092741 20570 

8 KEN. Superb 1 dbte bed <taL Cooker, 
fridge. TV. phone. CH. ggr- £12Q pw. 
Rental Guide 01-586 6650. 6 days 

A WUT END trial and Ytotara LM4 to For 
Kato/Lrt- Davis Wootfe. 01 402 7381. 
fWElWA a*t hoc. balcony flat- recep. 
dbte bedroom, lift, porter. Long ML Tel: 

Ct&kSSA^rar’ Flood Street) 3 bod ftaL. 

C3SO p.w Dta* Moan. Ol 942 9883. 
fritrt gyp an ma c uhn t quirt 1 st floor pe- i 
riod flat- Attractive Recen. dbte bed ft 
Gdns. Co LSL £168 pw. 01-352 679 9- 
CLAMUUB. Northside- A (tens lube. -2 bed 
llat with gdn. suit 2 Sharing Long ML 
£400 pcm excL Tet Oi 6Ti 6241. 
DOCKLANDS FIto Said haws ig Ml 
mrounnout are OorvlaxH area. TetOJ- 
700 4RM 

BAIN ACOPtS TO rii types acc reiu no ito - 
tton m an areas. Can Sue on 01-696 
6562. Rental Guide open 6 days til 7pm 
MW M T M i / Regents rear*. Luxury 
(ornkhed houses. £275 pw exc. W.LC- 
01 469 7746. 

MMM Ugtu bright garden 
Oat 2 bedrms. irge recep. Kft-a newty 
Ok . CH* CHw me. £196 pw. Tet 01- 
681 0985 or 1093688] 041. 

LANCASTER BATE, SC R« now vacant. 
I ML X recep. bath. mat. CH. HR- 
ZlBOa w. CO lei prtf. Tri 262 8976 or 
829' 2242. 



O Remember Stroke 

Victims Please 





HMIh and stroke association + 
IMaoek Horae North. IMoockSgoBe. LopdooVLTIHMCi 
Tdepbonesat 3K7.18I2 

COSTA DEL SOL Luxury 2 bed apartment 
on beach, sleeps 4/6, avUMe 2 weeks 

from 25/10/96. £iS0pw. irl 0258 
777641 Anytime. 

Ml TICKETS SstOalMg New York £229. 
LA £329. Toronto C2I9 Nairobi £329. 
Sydney £759 Auckland DM Damir 
130 Jermyn StreetOl 839 7144 

COSTCUtTEM ON fMgnte/hais to Eu- 
rope. USA ft most detUnanoro. 
Dlptoraal Travel: Ol 730 2201. ABTA 

DISCOUNT FARES Wortdwtde: 01-434 
0734 Junwer Travel. 

W KBrtm ft OWMIP FARES world- 
wide. Tet L T.C 107531 857035. 

WINTER SUN Sproats prices to Cyprus. 
Malt a- Morocco. Crewe. Miterei+ 

Ot r 734*M» NO ' - P “ WOrt ° M °* Way * 
Ort. thru wnuer Coif and tennis player* 
wrtromc ot 409 2836. VtitaSorttL 
Ai If A NT E, Faro. Malaga Me. Dhnood 
Travel ATOL 1783. OI 6BI 4ML 
Horsham 58541 

CANARKS Spam Portugal Bdy. Greece. 
Madrid frC67 Trt. 01-434 ATOL 

Air Bargains 

EUWOftg /WOWL P WIDE towra fares on 
ctiarier/tcnedutM fta pn« Fhght oi 
631 0167 Aid Atm 1893. 

NOI L A W O. Daily IHthu. £36 O/W rw ! 
Pin New York C129 O/W E28S Rm | 
Mrrarte Jet. 01 379 3322 
SMM Portugal C ana rie s Greece Italy fir 
CeO. Sunwheei. Ot-434 4597/a. 

ATOL 1 776 ' 

tXr/GUM Eronomy fHgnts worwwtoe. 
Comes Travel 01 434 1091. ABTA 

TUNBUL For your MUut where its sun 
ui ranter. Can lor our brochure ngw. Tu- 
nnian Trasri Bureau. 01-373 Mil 

HOLLAND PK. Room to tot to period 
house to quirt sL Own kU/bam. £50 
PW. 01 603 5110 

KENSM8T0N. W8. Brand new 1st fir tae 
mats.. 1 owe bed. large rec.. ku/dtoar. I 
mtnKbrti SL £185 pw (Ml. 9352996. 

LATYMEN COUNT W6. Two double bed 
(tats. 2 recent*. K ft B. Long co leL £190 
pw Heyrock A Co: 584 5853. 

MABft VALE 51 muring 2 bed. 2 bam Oat 

MAYFAIR HYDE PARK, The most luxuri- 
ous Mag/ rtxwt kb t/6 beds best prices 
Ol 9 35 9612 cti. 

Twwr wa fWiuni. owwr. ray 
Ol 5 91 8999 / Ol 852 0548 after 7pm 
HR KAJMOOS Superb nowty done apart- 
rnenL urge reception, double bedroom. 
KAIL paUo. £200 pw. 589 1759 
NWBf NW1 seiection of enrritent 2/ 5 bed 
flan A houses from £250/ £600pw. Al- 
len Brin A Go. Ol 499 1655- 
PUTXrr. Lux dbte bed flaL bale, k ft to 
lift, porter, wash modi. 1330 pw Incctv 
ft ctiw. Sherwood Estates 788 8856. 
PUTNEY. Nr sin. lux 2 bed flaL recap k ft 
h Ufl. port e r. £165 pw tor Cb ft Cttw. 

Kft 8. Long CO teL £130 pw. Hrycoclft 
Co: 5846865. 

SLOANE WL Bright 4Ui fir ftaL 2 dbte 
beds, rerep- K ft B. OL HR. cot TV. Os 
LeL C2I0 pw. 01-584 5501 m. 

■T- JAMES’ Lux Mod Fura Studio FW. K 
ft B HR. 035 pw. RepUes to 01 437 

STM tutN. ExrtushPbeauttfBi newty dec 
ft fura 3 bed not for 4. Clucol ts. wash 
marh etc. Maid 6 mths + 373 07SS. 

SW. Own new dee dbte rm. SnN roopte. 
CH. phone. CAT pw. Many othm too. 
Rental Guide 01-686 6685 18 7pm 

Wl. Sunny 1st floor rial, ugicainy. recep- 
tion. twin bens, auctren ft bataroom. 
Wtene. CI2S pw Tel: 682 6573. 

WANTED small dean ItaL Oum bt rt pest 
tear. 20 rams radius of Victoria, c 
Fugartv Ol 82 B 4*38 lOOtce hewn 

WEMBLEY New Itm 2 bed (Wta ON. cat 
■ar (31. an mnd tons Nr-iobe-EiSOPw . 
Ot H4S 0767 

RAKMttt tsmN CMBTiitag* bed howe. 
= dbte recep. folly ooitippeC 

Wtfhc n/ffliring room, oonservatora. 
£275 pw. CO. Let Tek01-870 1964 

PORTLAND PLACE Wl. Spgctora torn 
ftaLSOeOLg bathft E xcaptio nSBy brnu . 
MfuL high Standard. £550 par wrote. 
Lo ng irt. Haney Eawtm: Ol BOX 1153- 
B37 Wl l 'The number to remember 
when spsMsg best rental properties in 
cesmai and - prone immm are— 

Vli m MB L ONDON/PA— Allan trio ft 
OocoDuny baro a large oatecuan of Rats- 
- ft houses a i - a fodrie tar 1 ufo eh i ten 
, caoopw. 49 9 >565. 
bMKiDM C ha r min e cottage on com- 
mon dbte ben. 2 reran, rb aotto £026- 
pe m Ol 9 45 2B74 after 5 pm. 
HAMPSTEAD Nr Heolb and tutte. Two 
bright roosng large fcMchen and bath- 
room. Central neabng. £105pw. TeL Ol 
435 4318 or Ol 363 8011 axl 5484. 
WAWPTBN Ln 2 brd house. ConSYrteM 
for Lo n do n ft ll ra i hrpi «>. suit prof per- 
ran) £96 pw- tort. Ol 573 0806. 
HYDE M Wl Scanty mews hse. 3 (Sri 
beds. 2 WML master en sow + taccmL 
Roof gdn ft arp (err. Huge oprn-ptan toe. 
Exon fora. £650 pw. O! T23 *153, 
AanOHCAH KAMI urgpnity requires hncuL 
rv ftah/houBm. Chettoa. KmrtMsbridge. 
BrtgraviaareaL £200 ciooo pw. ma- 
wv. EJrihte Agent* 881 5135 
Hamp stea d Herth. NWS. Fiamthed rat 
recently rehab ft Dec. Dtrie Bed. Sate 
Ben. Rerep. teas. Pref Go ml eibopw. 
TCL 01-629 5UJ2 CD. 

' CHELSEA SW3. lattnor dealtaie d sunny 
and tight 6ui ftp ftei cts to Kingisnd»6in. 
racing bale wMi louety clews. Rrapf 
diner, dbte bed. UL rath, porter. £200 
pw toe CH/CHW. OOOWS 828 825 L 

Sub 5 sharers at £45 pw each 

fiiaopw-ftoftoopw. 1 


■ — AMD - - 

ACT 1985 

. notice AS hereby given pursuant to 

Section EBB of the Comp ani es Art 1985. 
that a meet i ng of the creditors of the 
abovo-n anw d . co ma a ny win be held at Ite 
offices of Paniwfl Kerr Forster. Sove rei g n 
House. Queen Street. Manchester M2 5HR 
on Thursday the twenty nurd day or 
October 1985 at 12 noon for the panoses 
•provided for to sections 589 and 690 «8 
the said art. 

Dated this seventh day of October 1966 


Section 683 Of the Companies Ad 1985 
that ft Meeting of Ow Creditors or dw 
abm e pamnf Ctanmany wfll be held at The 
Bartriran -CHy Hotel. Omwm SteeeL Lon- 
-dpn Ed «w Tuesday the asth day- of 
October tgas al lO-o'ctock m Uw lorr- 
ooon for Dw p u rpo ses mentunrd in 
Seraon 583 of the saM Act. 

Ckded ihte 1st day of October 19S5 


wch routr oF JUSTICE 
_ NO. 00*79 OT 1986 

Egjfrtl Walter John KaSSto rttaxJK 
WWte ft 43o. nem House. »S 

^lS?^S^^ waboMa ‘ 

Dated ihis ism day or October X9B6 

p.wj. hartigan 

HINIaWTIW A s ttection ot anfotntebed’ 
duality ap a r twH i rii to a premier Ken- . 
tangton Square. Prices cram £30Q pw - 
£400 pw. Beiriura ft Reeves 01-938 

PUTMCT snrt3L raoutous 3 bed n i otaan 
rite with veranda light and ras eto u s ff 
te/ boiM ML lounge with original fire, 
ptare. bam. 2 we. garden. Cb let £160 
aw 24* 7355 

BWft. Ltartr 3 bed hogs* With g arag e ta j 
Parsons Green area. FWham. Pretty 
waited goriten. superb mod fora. Audi . 
now for long let. C275 pw. Buchanan*: 
3U 7757. I 

■wm 1 mi land, mm s/e funy rated ; 
famtiy flat with hater ny 31 Bertoomb 
Rerep/Dtarr. Kti. WMU/W. Bath ft ! 
WC CH. £ 2 CX»w:_AvaiJnow M jw- '1 
W Marie Canes* 4SB 5329. 

WL setrtw rtwart floor tuu m a s= 
MocfLrtaytaiteZd^te brtlLtau.Z 
who original . flrtpLtee. (bn too 

toSsfS&*« jfa* aS 

■ tiUrnCU, Q> g i u8Q tfiv. 73gx 

Wu ratshed rx. ■ 
* 5 ™# nmsion oat ami. 

1 ■ rrftjfDk )fl r^OD. fXfj r*. 

MbMH w 

*to*Sl* fo^ftVfood/ Rp hW “ rl ' Dro,,ml< * 

. ents-lterV Mahla •: 



ro22 k 2 C !S riON UMITED 

Drirt. iM*8ur3^ < 5JS2r , l?S6 



ysaaa-EgjW tS efc. 

MPAbove-MBped Oocaxahv. 
ctetatefotoUW be-swtome^TVr* - 
DNad'tblt. 6 U 1 day rt. Qc togi^j^ ^^ 

f: - -T rV i . .~rr 

• 1 . 

cJ&y l be 

... . 

- r - 


FitzGerald in 

appeal for 
common front 
against IRA 

By Richard Ford 

Dr Garret FitzGerald is to second term for a Fine Gael- 

Lager fuels bid for record pumpkins 

urge all democratic parties in 
the Irish Republic to repudiate 
the political wing of the 
Provisional IRA in an attempt 
to win parliamentary seats. 

His demand for a common 
stand against Provisional Sinn 
Fein was greeted with loud 
applause at a Fine Gael annual 
conference, effectively the un- 
declared opening of the next 
general election campaign. 

The election is not due until 
November 1987. but the un- 
certain political arithmetic 
and a worsening economic 
situation may force a snap poll 
this winter or force the gov- 
ernment to go to the county 
early in the new year when n 
must introduce a tough 

Dr FitzGerald's address on 
Saturday concentrated on 
domestic issues, with the 
employment problem being 
seen as the most serious issue 
facing a country where half the 
population are under 25. But 
an opinion poll published 
yesterday showed the diffi- 
culty Dr FitzGerald faces in 
his efforts to secure an historic 

led government. 

The poll gave Fianna Fail 
53 per cent of the vote. Fine 
Gael 27 percent. Labour 6 per 
cent. Progressive Democrats 9 
per cent, and 3 per cent to the 
Workers Party. Even worse, 
the party's biggest asset. Dr 
FitzGerald, has suffered an 8 
per cent loss of popularity, 
giving Mr Charles Haughey a 
12 per cent lead as the man 
most people would prefer as 
the next Prime Minister. 

Dr FitzGerald claimed that 
supergrass trials in Northern 
Ireland were being phased out 
and said their use had been 
one of the issues the Irish 
Government bad been raising 
most forcibly since the Anglo- 
Irish Agreement was signed 
almost a year ago. “We are 
satisfied that there has been a 
significant shift, possibly a 
conclusive shift in altiuided 
towards that method oftriaL” 

A “loyalist* paramilitary 
feud is suspected of being 
behind the death of Mr Wil- 
liam Dickson, aged 39. a 
father of four shot dead in the 
toilet of a public house in 
south Belfast on Saturday 

MPs given damages in 
‘Panorama’ libel case 

Continued from page I 
MPs yesterday refused to 
comment on any likely agree- 
ment it is understood that a 
governors* meeting on Thurs- 
day, chaired by acting chair- 
man of the BBC. Lord (Joel) 
Barnett decided to order a 
settlement because of factual 
inaccuracies in the pro- 
gramme, based largely on a 
confidential report prepared 
by the Young Conservatives. 

Yesterday, Mr Richard 
Fuller, YC chairman and a 
member of the group which 
endorsed the infiltration re- 
port by 39 votes to one, 
pledged financial backing to 
the man behind the revela- 
tions. Mr Philip Pedley, who 
still faces legal action by MPs. 

But Mr Moaie. who won an 
apology', legal costs and BBC 
donations to constituency 
charities, yesterday demanded 
the resignation of producers 
and journalists involved in the 

“I am not at all surprised 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Duke of Gloucester, 
President of the Cancer Resarcb 
Campaign, attends a civic recep- 
tion at the Town and County 
HalL Aberdeen. 11. visits the 
Department of Bio-Medical 
Physics and Bio-Engineering. 
Aberdeen University, 

1 1.50 and the Beatson Institute 
for Cancer Research, Glasgow. 

New exhibitions 
Lace makers come to 
A] deburgh; Threads. AJdeburgh, 

that the BBC has decided to 
settle. The programme was 
fabricated and evil ... a 
concoction based on the mal- 
ice of political opponents." 

Mr Proctor felt that any 
agreement announced in court 
today would help dear the 
reputations of all five Conser- 
vative MPs — Mr Warren 
Hawksley (Wrekin) was the 
fifth — who were named 
Senior journalists at the 
BBC, however, were furious 
over reports of a settlement, 
particularly at a time when Mr 
Norman Tebbit, Tory party 
chairman, has announced that 
Conservative Central Office 
would be monitoring political 
coverage by the Corporation 
One journalist said: “It will 
look like a climbdown. Fac- 
tual inaccuracies in a pro- 
gramme are one thing; the 
perception that we are pre- 
pared to knuckle under to 
political pressure is something 

Panorama settlement, page 2 

Mr Stephen liddard, 
an amateur pumpkin 
grower. Is using rock and 
roll and lager to chase a 
prize of £12,000 for the 
world's heaviest 

Mr Uddard, right, of 
Hailey, near Hoddesdon, 
Hertfordshire, grows his 
pumpkins hydro ponicaUy 
in a pumpkin-shaped 
greenhouse, above, which 
he designed and bnilL He 
plays rock and roll music 
to the pumpkins and 
supplements their diet 
with lager. 

To win the prize money, 
put up by the Unwins seed 
company and Gardening 
News, Mr Liddard must 
beat the existing world 
record of 670 pounds. 
Photographs: Mark 

Washington shock at 
Kremlin expulsions 

- ■■ -*y/ '><#*•- • * 

■s<, • :-*-*<■’ k : *; ' . 

Coa tinned from page 1 
correspondents here that in 
the wake of the Reykjavik 
- summit and attempts to sal- 
vage something from it, the 
issue had been resolved with- 
out a great loss of face on 
either side. - 

Until yesterdaysenior of- 
ficials on both sides appeared 
to be putting a more optimis- 
tic gloss on the proceedings in 

There was immediate 
speculation that it could dam- 
age efforts to read) new arms 
control agreements in Ge- 

Western diplomats claimed 
last night that the Ksrmlin's 
move was intended by Mr 
Gorbachov to demosatntte to 
Kremlin hawks that his recent 

offer to the US in Iceland, of 
sweeping arms cuts, including 
a 50 per cent reduction in 
long-range strategic weapons, 
did not mean that he had 
“gone soft”. . _ 

One senior diplomatic 
source told The Times: “The 
ill-will that this incident has 
aroused will now make it even 
more difficult to return rela- 
tions between Moscow and 
Washington to an even keeL” 
The expulsions and a threat 
by Mr George Shultz, the US 
Secretary of State, that the 
American government would 
react, has caused consterna- 
tion among the American 
diplomatic, business and 
journalistic community res- ■. 
idem in Moscow and 1 

State visit 
to China 
a success 
say aides 

Continued from page 1 
interpreter, the Duke was 
speaking loudly to another 
member of the welcoming 

The Queen was five min- 
utes late for her official 
welcoming ceremony Ip Tie- 
nan men Square in Peking; 
premier Zhao Ziyang was 
precisely five minutes late 
when he arrived to bid the 
Queen farewell from her Pe- 
king guest bouse. 

The Queen, despite being 
the embodiment of a feudal 
ruling class that is anathema 
in China, was treated with 
exceptional honour by her 

She met China’s four top 
leaders, one more than Presi- 
dent Reagan met . during his 
visit in 1984- It is seen as a 
measure of Chinese satisfac- 
tion at the Hong Kong agree- 
ment, and of their desire to 
trade with Britain, provided 
British firms can be competit- 

The Queen's party, on the 
other hand, has been particu- 
larly impressed by the ef- 
ficiency of the Chinese in 
organizing the visit, despite 
the occasionally over-zealous 
attentions of security men 
towards members of her staff, 
and by the crowds, especially 
in Shanghai, who -turned out 
to see her. The Chinese are 
naturally curious and love 
joining a throng, - but the 
estimated 2 million who 
packed her route in Shanghai 
surprised both the British and 
the Chinese. 

One thing that still puzzles 
the ordinary Chinese is why 
the Queen often, appears to 
look so glum in public. 

Her reputation was rescued 
on Saturday, on the last day of 
her tour, when she visited a 
kindergarten m Canton and 
looked quite delighted to be 
mobbed by small children. 
The Duke, meanwhile, was oh 
his best behaviour touring a 
country village, where the 
head man boasted a Japanese 
colour televison and a stereo 
system in b» otherwise spar- 
tan peasant home. 

One of the most spectacular 
overseas tours of the Queen’s 
reign is still being regarded as 
a great success if only because 
it took place at afl. 

• No apology: There was no 
question of an apology to 
China for remarks made re- 
cently by the. Duke of Edin- 
burgh, Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign Secretary, said here 
yesterday adding, that the 
Queen's visit was “not 
tarnished” by the Duke's com- 
ments <David Bonavia 
writes). ... 


Suffolk: today until November 
2: 10 to 6. 

Exhibitions in progress 
Quilts and samplers from the 
Collection of Carmarthen Mu- 
seum: Oriel. The Welsh Arts 
Council Gallery, 53 Charles 
Street. Cardiff: (ends Nov 15): 
Mon to Sat 5.30. 

Last chance to see 
Work by Bill Thomson; Phoenix 
Gallery, Lavenham. Suffolk: 
Mon to Fri 10-to 5.30, Sat 10. to 
6. Sun 6. 


Amadeus String Trio, 
President's evening; Walter 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,181 

























































Moberty HalL Keele Concerts 
Society. University of Keele. 
Keele. Staffs. 8. 

Odense University Choir, 
Assembly Hall, University of 
Strathclyde. James Weir Build- 
ing. Montrose Street, Glasgow. 
Gl. 1.15. 


Arts opportunity week; The 
Netherbrow Am Centre. 43 
High Street. Edinburgh: 1 0.30 to 
4.30 daily. 

Why are flints in chalk? 
Simple geochemical explana- 
tions by Dr M L Coleman: 
Bennett Lecture Theatre 1. 
Leicester University : 4.15pm. 

Quesions and dancers in res- 
idency at the Niccol Centre: 
Niccoll Centre. Brewery Court 
Cirencester (ends Nov 1); 6.30 
to 10. 


Nature notes 

More winter bird visitors are 
arriving. The first redwings have 
been reported in many parts of 
the country. These are small 
thrushes from northern Europe, 
with a conspicuous white stripe 
above the eye and red flanks. 
Ten million or more will prob- 
ably winter here. 

Blackbirds and skylarks can 
be see coming in all’ along the 
east coast. 

Teal are back on quiet pools, 
the drakes with dappCT chestnut 
heads and green eye patches. 

In last week's sunshine some 
starlings started nesting, though 
the nests will not be completed. 
Woodpigeons were also repeat- 
ing their spring displays, soaring 
up and gliding down. Many 
wood pigeons are foraging now 
among fallen leaves: when they 
fly up. their wings create such a 
draught that a cloud of leaves 
rises into the air all round them. 

The autumn trees have not 
presented spectacular colours 
this year, and the wind is rapidly 
driving more leaves down. 
Some limes and sycamores are 
quite bare, 

Flowers still to be found in 
sheltered spots include the white 
scentless mayweed at the edge of 
fields, and purple mallow- by 

In wet places, a few pink 
flowers linger on the bright red 
stems of Himalayan balsam. 


The pound 

AtatrafiaS £325 

Austria Sen 2085 

Betgiwn Fr 61.70 

Canada S 2.06 

Denmark Kr 11.10 

RnkandMkk 7.35 

Franca Fr 081 

Germany Dm 0955 

Greece Or 2104)0 

Kong Kong S 11.40 

Ireland Pt 1.088 

; Italy Ln-a 205000 

Japan Tan 23240 

Me tn er ten diGM 034 

Norway Kr 1090 

Portugal Esc 21000 

South Africa Rd 3.75 

SptanPta 193.75 

Sweden Kr 1018 

Swtaertand Fr 2^3 

USAS 1 495 

Yugoslavia Dnr 70000 

Rates tor smaD denomi na tion bank notes 
only as stjjpked by Barclays Bank PLC. 
Beta* Price Index: 387 J 
London The FT Index dosed up 3S at at 
1281.5 on Friday 

New Yortc The Dow Jones industrial 1 
average dosed 0-H5 up at 1,837.04 on 

Bond winners 

The winning numbers in the 
weekly draw for Premium Bond 
prizes arc: 

£100.000: I3ZP 852755 (the 
winner lives in Bournemouth): 
£50.000: 32AL 942215 (Bristol); 
£25.000: 22RW 619416 

Our address 

Informal Ion for Inclusion In The 
Times InfonrullOTi service should be 
sonf io. The Editor. TTtS. The Times. 
PO bo* 7. 1 Virginia Street. London. 
Et 9XN. 



A deep depression to die 
SE of Iceland will main- 
tain a strong unstable 
westerly airstream over 
most of Britain. 

6 am to midnight 

London, SE, cen tr a l S, SW En- 
gtond. East Angfe. E Midlands, 
Chanral Islands: Cloud and rain 
soon clearing, stray intervals and 
scattered showers developing; wind 
westerly, moderate or trash; max 
temps 13C (55F). 

E, central N, NE England, W 
MkSands, Barters, Edinburgh. 
KXmdeo, Aberdeen, Moray Firth: 
Sunny start, but scattered showers 
developing; wind westerly, fresh; a 
ittte below normal, max temp 11C 

Wales: Sunny intervals, scattered 
showers; wind westerly, fresh; max 
temp 12C (54F). 

NW England, Lake District, We 


I New suit but it's no replace- 
ment (12). 

8 Plenty to drink? (3-4). 

9 Not naturally bright (7). 

11 Falls back again, meeting 
men with guns (7). 

12 A right to extend file (7). 

13 An opening for a boatman 

14 Peel off from back of one in 
Iasi minute (9). 

16 There can be no greater en- 
ergy-giver (9). 

19 Slope where game may be 
seen (5). 

21 Faced with work, sat still 

23 Dispatch some letters — end 
of Friday’s business (4-3). 

24 Tearful girl having brought 
back nothing (7). 

25 King should be followed by 
a couple of pages, the 
French contend (7). 

26 Put a variety of rice on ta- 
bles for the festivities (12). 


] Defence against the main 
onslaught (3-4). 

2 Awfully noisy sportsman 
about 50. a social worker 

3 Will examine before midday 
- before ten possibly (9|. 

4 Sent up thus in play or op- 
era (5). 

5 leaflet in support of climber 

6 Sea Islands — a Pacific 
group (7). 

7 Representative, a stable 
man. without a seat? ' 4). 

10 He has to make certa. et 
changes (5-7). 

15 Constituents forget his look- 
ing ahead (9). 

17 Planet provides rising writer 
with theme (7). 

18 The intention is to separate 

19 It may be inapt to serve 
guinea-fowl (7). 

20 Companies of soldiers, say 
( 7 ). 

22 Foreign currency row with a 
revolutionary leader (5). 

The Solution 
of Saturday’s 
Prize Puzzle 
No 17,180 
will appear 
next Saturday 

Concise Crossword page 19 


Wales and West M4: Eastbound 
camageway closed lor resurfaanq 
between junctions 16 and 17. west- 
bound contraflow in operation. A3D: 
Repair work at Bodmin and 
Bolventor contraflow at Lords 
Waste and temporary traffic lights at 
Hawks Tor. A361: Repair work W of 

Midlands: Ml: Contraflow be- 
tween junction 27 (A606) and 28 
(A38L slip roads botti ways dosed 
at junction 27. M54: Lane dosures 
on botti carriageways between junc- 
tions 2 (A4G0) and 5 (T afford centre, 
west Midlands); junction 6 (A518) at 
Telford W remains dosed. A1: 
Contraflow operating N of Newark 
at Cromwell; exit and entry slips 
both ways dosed at Cromwell and 

The North: MB: Various lane 
dosures on both carriageways be- 
tween junctions 16 (ASOCi and 17 
(A534j. AIM: Contraflows operating 
at Bcwbum interchange and 
Gassop Grange Bridge tco. Dur- 
ham) for bridge painting. Ml: Repair 
work between junctions 31 (AST) 
and 33 (A630). lane closures on both 
carriageways with restrictions. 

Scotland: M74: Contraflow 
operating on northbound carriage- 
way between Avon N intersection at 
Hamilton and AJIanton intersection 
at Motherwell A73: Carriageway 
repairs between Station Road and 
Sraetdhali Road. Carluke, single line 
traffic with temporary signals. A9: 
Single line traffic c o nt r oBed by 

over the River Tay N of DunkdC 


Tin** Portfolio Com rules are as 


1 T-mes Portfolio k fro** Purchase 
of The Tim* 1 * is not a condition of 
Idkiliq Puri 

2 Times portfolio list inngmn a 

i/tu up of public companies whose 
shore* are Into*! on the Slock 
Exchange and Quoted in The Times 
Stork Exchange prices page. The 
compani!-* comprruiHj that ini will 
change from das lo da* The list 
■ which i- numf—rr-d 1 _ da, a diluted 
into four mrHJumd dntnbulrd groups 
of It shares Etery PortfoUo card 
contains two numbers from ouch 
group and each cord con tains a 
unique set ol numbers 

S Times portfolio -dividend’ will Br 
U- Injure m pence w hich I ■.-presents 
the optimum moi rmml in prices i|.p 
Ifw luiucsl incri-jM. „ r low's! lossi of a 
combination ol nghi •tiro tram each 
1 random!* di-Jnbuu-dar-rup within the 
ja shart-si oi int- 44 which on 
anv one day comprise The Times 
Portfolio list 

4 The daiiv dmdcrvt will Me 
announced each itai and the >wi.-Hs 
ill- wVtid will he anur-unred each 
SMuroas m The Tim— 

5 Times PnrriL.iio and delath ol 
the dolls or ee-lh .lltirlend will .11 v' 
ta- .i.uilobli- lot iiispe, lion ol me 
IrflHi- Oi The fim.*s 

b If Ihr xsor.sll pri- e inriinnhit df 

inure ft-aii -.-no i in i lx notion m sh.irc-s 
—wet- od Itn m.v will be 
■■quail v dtsidi-d omniiii the cl. urn. mis 
tV.ldirn there r-OtllkUiccn of stmres 

7 All rlainr. or.- .uEh.-cI lo scrutiny 
before 4ris Times Pomuiio 

card that is dci .era. famt-r.-d with or 
imorr-ctii printed in ans w.u will M 
dctlaird cnid 

» Emrlinei-. n< s.-*.,.. Iu|. 
pir ana it-. uhwUinn and oi 
Eur. 'print Or "IIP Lirr.ih.-d -producers 
din! n- [he r.ird- or 
member-, nt 1 1 e. r r immedi.iir- famU’c-s 
ate r».i| ,i||<i .%r-d hi pl.iv Tine-? 
Pol ItlillO 

S- All par i kip. i pis will be MJhit-c: to 
ihi-.r Rubs -til in--:, union-- on -haw 
in PUv" atn* "!*vs to cl jim ’ wlu-iiicr 
PiilHnhed ill Tfti- Timi-s or in T«im.O 
Porn o' m ,-jrd- wiit tie di' to ne 
part ot !!sw Pul.*, The Editor 
rieen r* II, C- r lull I to oRa-pil the Hun 

tO In anv dispute The Editor’s 
Crrtslon is jml no ro rrospon 
iif-IKv will lx- rllli-l Oil II, tu 

_ 11 If tot acvv reason The Times ■ 
Pnrec Paqp Is not published lit the 
normal way Times Portfolio vrtll be 
suspended (or that day. 

How U ptay - Dairy Dhrtdaod 
On raeh day your unique set of eight 
number) will represent commercial 
and industrial shares ouMtshed in The 
Times Portfolio let which will appear 
on I he Slock Exchange Prices page. 

In I he columns, provided next lo 
your shares note l he- price change («■ 
er •■. In pence, as published m that 
day's Times. 

Alitf listing the price changes of 
sour erghl shares for that day. add up 
all eight share changes to give you 
sour overall loial plus or minus is or - 

Check vour os era 1 1 total against The 
Times Pori to bo dividend published on 
the Stock Exchange Prices page. 

It sour overall total matches The 
Tim,-. Portfolio dividend you have 
won oulrmhl or a share of the total 
Prim money staled for that day and 
must claim your price as instructed 


How to cuh - Weekly OMiftM 
Mnml.iV Saturday- record vour daily- 
Pur noun total 

Add these together lo determine 
youc we, -l is poniniKi total 

- . lo etaMo 

Tctooticns The Tunes Portf atf a rmaii 

wn ns«-snn b ow m e n i omani an a 

of Man. SW, NE, NW ScoHand, 
Glasgow, Central Higttands, A r- 
gyfl, Narttw m Irteancfc Showers, 
some heavy and prolonged, but also 
some stray intervals; wind west- 
erly. strong, locaSy gale; max temp 
IOC (5QF). 

Orkney, Shtelawfc Showers, 
some heavy and prolonged, but also 
some stray intervals; wind SW. 
moderate or fresh; max temp 7C 

Outlook for taomnow and 
Wednesday: Showers In the N, 
doud and rain movteg quickfy 
across England and Wales on 
Tuesday, followed by a return to 
sunny intervals and scattered show- 
ers on Wednesday. Staying rather 

High Tides 

London Bridge 

■ » 


M rapwa be 



7.1 4.14 
42 336 
T32 944 
34 1.15 
123 229 
S£ 8.01 
RS 1.14 
SJ 7,31 
48 3.06 
4 JO 2.10 
5£ 1226 
IS 8.44 
29 221 
U' 5JM 
9J 1 2* 



sky; bc-blue sky Ctowt c- . 

doudy: typs-eccash r-tog: d-drlzdc: h- SOinnarapton 
tall-, raw-misu r-rain: spnowt (ft- 8wn 
Ihumlbraionn: p-atsowm, . . ’ Tees 

Arrows show wind diroctSan. wind linmn u. . 
speed (mow tritSkxL T ianp er aoir * "iWHSHOS 
centtpradc. Tide named i 







4 a- 









7 . 








5 a 





1 « • • 





a». ; . 

1 JB 
















Around Britain 

n Son rise*: 

732 am 

Moan ads 

10.42 am 
Lest quarter. October 25 

. Sun setae 
558 pm 

Lighting-up time - 

London &28 pm K> 7.04 am 
Bristol 637 pm to 7.14 am 
EtSnbwgb Guripm to 726 am 
Manctmsfsr &32 pm io 7. >7 am 
Pcnzsnsa 652 pm «a 723 am 


Temperatures at ttPdday yn gTO rOayra 
doud; t. lair: r. rain: s. stm. 

C F C F 

Bstfast r 643 Osanaa y c 125* 
B'npgtam c 846 tonemes* s 643 
Stock pool c 646 Jmner c 1355 
Bristol f 646 London til 52 
CariSn r 1050 HTochster c 746 
Ecfintergti f 541 Hat i rarilt r 745 
Gtosgow h 541 R'aMawey f 846 

hra hi 

Scartmro 1.1 .02 

nrtdfcigtnn 1.4 M 

Cromer X 

Lowestoft ~ SXZ 

Ctacton 06 .15 

x 07 
1.1 08 
- .04 
24 xet 
1J) - 

worses 35 M 

uawmmtn a JO .02 

BognorA 3.4 SO. 

~ ~ - 19 04 

2.1 -19 
OS .10 
- J37 

0.4 XO 

C F ■ 

14 57 did O se raa a i 
13 56 lowers Sctoytohn 

14 57 loa 

14 57 drfzzfe 

15 58 dun 
1.5 59 cloudy Dantes* 

16 61 cloudy London 
14 57 ctoudy Btnm H 

14 57 bright Bristol (C 

15 59 rata CaidBrfl 
15 S9 bright Ante asa y / 
15 SB moot Vpooi&j* 
15 59 etouefr Manckaa 
IS 98 rata NMBntea 

14 57 showers WeB-n-Tj 
14- 57 doudy Caiftea 

15 58 showers 

14 57 ram 

13 55 showers O to sg ow 

Tlmssses Saturday's fifli 

Sun Rota 
. hra ta 
- -02 
0.1 JK 

- x 

oa ir 

0.1 30 
0.3 30 
03 J03 
08 .07 

- 33 

- .02 
05 36 
02 33 
02 .10 
.05 .10 
Ol 38 

- 32 
'0.1 33 
13 .10 
1.1 23 

C F 

15 59 drizzle 
15 59 doudy 

14 57 butt 
14 57 rain 
12 54 rata 

12 54 doudy 
.15 59 cloudy . 
11 54 rata 

11 52 ahowera 

13 55 rata 
13 56 ns, 

13 55 rata 

11 52 rata ■ 

12 64 rata 
11 52 rata 

11 52 atewera 

12 54 ram 

11 52 showere 

- . 


■HODAr: c. doud; OLdrtzzto: f.Wr. 

C F ■ C 

f 22 72«atagns c 13 
. I 23 73 Cjptagi r 10 
JUsx'drie c 28 79 Coda TZi 
Algiers 5 24 75 DteAi C 8 
Amtafen 1 11 52 Dttaremfc e 17 
Athens a 22 72 Fam a 23 
Bahrata' s 33 te.Haraaea e 18 
Bertram* f 28 84 Fianktart c M 
Baicetaa f 21 70 Funchal f 21 
- fliwis : -c-13 

« 20 aSQIintar a 23 
r 12 54 HaWnU 0 8 
Bamradrtti 23 73 Horn K f 28 

C 16 61 IlllMRdi ( 12 
r 17 63 lilauhat f 16 
Jaddah a 35 
Dniiista % 12 64-J atop e„15. 
Bodranl s 18 61-Kncte s 31 
B Aires* c IS 6SlMm. e 23 
Can. f 26 79Usbo» :/f 19 
Cape'S* s 22 72 Loans - o 14 
CW«im. 6.22 72 L AilMt* 9 SO 
CUkagO e n 52 Un ta ttag c 11 
c 11 62 Mated : . t XT 

pSsirSStffl I Parliament today 

Vou nmil has i- sour card with you 
wtwn »«.-u ii.-tcphouc 

It ii't an- u ruble to telephone*' can claim nn your Mlall 
lull Ihci’ must hair >our card and call 
Ttx Timi-. Par 1 101 >a claims line 
bi-lssn.-r> the- stipuKilL-d nmes 
is.ii r<wpor.>jtHiiiy can be accepted 
tor failure to contact ttw claims office 
tor am reason within (he staled 

Thn abase in&iruntons ait- ap- 
plicobli- fit botn daily and weekiv 
diM'ii.’inJ ci.iims. 

Lords (2J30): Financial Ser- 
vices Bill, report stage, third 

«SI UmUM tel 
Condon El 

to.-tog:r, rams, son: 

isss li 

TOlitolta 1 a 25 
46 M atoTm a c 12 

63 MaxtooC* 9 13 

TttMaar f 30 

64 Man fa 12 
57 Mpnttaar 1 9 
TO Mn ac nw a 8. 

sssa il 

S4 N York* c 14 
' “ f 2T 
r 8 
1 13 
r 6 
S 19 
S 12 
< 0 
e 19 
S 35 

at. BWMnt thunder. 

C F 
c 22 72 
r 13 55: 

77 S Frisco* r 17 S3 

StSSS?* * » re 

66 epwrio- S 32 90 

73 Nterabil 
43 Ntefles 

79 NtiaM 
S4 N York* 

61 Mnta| 

95 (Mol 
59 Paris! 
88 RakM 
73 Parthd 

66 mm 

57 .■ 

68 Rhodes! 

62 Motto J 
53 FSyadhd 

a 32 90 
-.~r 8 17 63 



gS iW - c 17 ,53 

e. 8 40 
SB Twig f 54 .75 
46 Valencia s iz 72 


TO S— * * 14 57 

ffi » 16 61 

• c 12 54 
atedi 9 15 53 

MriH as a newspaper at the 

: 'i H 


<* • '5--' i 

C 17 63 
c. 8 46 
t 24 -75 
* 2Z 72 







Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 

(Change on week) 

FT 30 Share 

1281.5 (+16.1) 

FT-SE 100 
1610.0 (+10.6) 



USM (Data stream) 

124.70 (+1.32) 

(Chance on week) 

US Dollar 

1.4320 (-0.0015) 

W German mark 

2.8268 (-0.0194) 


67.3 (-0.3) 

Bill faces 
Ezra threat 

Two controversial investor 

S Dtection issues will be de- 
led in Parliament today 
when the Financial Services 
Gill completes the report stage 
in the House of Lords. 

The Government’s 
ammendment to the Bill 
which imposes an industry- 
wide compensation scheme 
on the investment sector will 
meet some opposition.. 

Lord Ezra, the Alliance 
peer, has tabled an amend- 
ment which aims to give the 
^elf-regulating organizations 
more say in deciding to 
participate in an industry 

Big Bang anger 
over faults 
on rehearsal day 

By Michael Clark and Richard Thomson 

A rift has developed be- 
tween the Stock Exchange and 
member firms about the ef- 
ficiency of its new screen 
quoted prices system SHAQ 
(Stock Exchange Automated 
Quotations) after the full dress 
rehersai on Saturday for Big 
Bang on October 27. 

Mr Patrick Mitford-Slade, a 
stockbroker with Gazenove 
and a leading member of the 
Stock Exchange Council, said 
vesterdayhe was pleased with 
the operation. “It’s been a 
very' successful day’s trading 
and the system has performed 
exactly as expected.” 

But a heated post-mortem 
examination between Stock 
Exchange officials and mem- 
ber firms on . Saturday pro- 
duced a long list of complaints 
and faults found in the system. 

“There appears to be a 
fundamental problem in the 
system.” said one harassed 
marketmaker on Saturday. 
“On the evidence, I would 
expect the Stock Exchange 
must be disappointed with its 
own performance and that of 
some of the marketmakers. A 
lot of people have been found 

At the same time the gilts 
market rehearsal, the second 
in a month, went compar- 
atively smoothly despite the 

as 20 minutes. Many The brokers complained 
marketmakers Mamed the they could not get through to 
Stock Exchange’s SEAQ sys - the marketmakers and val li- 
tem but the Exchange said that able time had been wasted, 
its own tests showed that One firm called in a British 
SEAQ bad never taken more Telecom engineer to check its 
than two seconds to post a system. He told them the 
new price. phones were working nor- 

Among those who stopped mally and the problem lay 
quoting prices during the day with the internal exchange, 
were Scrimgeour Vickers, Another stockbroker gave a 
Klein wort Grieveson, Kitcat warning that the STX system 
& Aitken and Rowe & Pitman, was inadequate and would not 
Mullens. cope with the increased vol- 

If the fault is with ume expected to be generated 
marketmakers they may be by Big Baog. Most of the big 
forced to spend more on top of firms had started to i 
the millions of pounds they direct lines, 
have invested already in Some dealers admitted 
sophisticated equipment, they had been deiiber 
Persistent delays leading to misusing the system. V 
out-of-date prices would make they could not cope 
the new screen-based dealing switched their prices j 
system unworkable because yellow to red on the scree 
marketmakers are obliged to meaning that they were 
deal at the prices shown on open for dealing — althi 
their screens. they insisted that they w 

The Stock Fvf+ang e said still quote to 
that during the day several marketmaker who coma 
marketmakers had been them by telephone, 
obliged to abandon their own That is illegal bee 
systems and fall bade on the marketmakers are oblige 
Exchange’s own SEAQ level quote real prices on i 



AE in last-ditch 
appeal to avert 
new T&N bid 

Some dealers admitted that 
they had been deliberately 
misusing the system. When 
they could not cope they 
switched their prices from 
yellow to red on the screens — 
meaning that they were not 
open for dealing — although 
they insisted that they would 
still quote to any 
marketmaker who contacted 
them by telephone. 

That is illegal because 
marketmakers are obliged to 
quote real prices on their 

three dealing system. And of screens throughout the trading 
32 faults reported during the day. Under normal oon- 

The Government is, how- disruption of a fire at the 
ever, likelv to win the Central Gilts Office, which 

compensation debate, not 
least because the Labour 
Opposition tried unsuccess- 
fully to introduce a similar 

handles settlements. There 
was a further 15-minute fail- 
ure during the afternoon. 
Among the problems high- 

provision at the committee lighted in the equity market 
stage of the Bill in the was the time delay in new 


prices appearing on dealing 

The Government will be screens, dealers refusing to 
opposing another amendment answer the telephone, prob- 

from Lord Ezra, prompted by 
the banks and building 

lems with telephone commu- 
nications, long delays in 
completing a transaction and 

day, 30 had been resolved by 
the end of the session, the 
Exchange claimed. 

The post-mortem was 
dominated by complaints that 
many marketmakers had not 
been answering their tele- 
phones when called by other 
dealers. “People were refusing 
to answer.” said a market 

The time delay in posting 
prices was given as the main 
reason because dealers knew 
the prices on which they 

dilions, not quoting a live 
price for a stock on his screen 
could lead to a marketmaker 
being banned from trading in 
that stock. 

There were complaints also 
about the length of lime it 
took to execute a transaction. 

One dealer at Phillips & 
Drew said it had taken him 
one hour and a half to 
complete just 13 trades. That 
compared with about haif-an- 
hour under the old system. 

Other players, frustrated by 

Mr Louis Bizat: Trend is encouraging (Photograph: Nick 


Exhibitions show 
a healthy growth 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

would have to deal were out of the length of time their 
date. Ignoring calls is against “script” of orders had taken to 

They are concerned that dealers deliberately misusing 
proposals from the Securities the system, 
and Investments Board — the The main problem was the 
designated agency under the delay between the time 
^ Bill — will impair their marketmakers entered new 
branches* ability to sell in- prices into the system and the 
house life assurance and unit price appearing on their 
trust products. screens — sometimes as much 

date, ignoring calls is against 
the rules for marketmakers, 
who are obliged to make 
prices to any competitor who 

The Stock Exchange’s in- 
ternal telephone system 
(known as STX) was heavily 
criticized by brokers and 

execute, reverted to tra- 
ditional methods. “It was 
three times quicker dealing on 
the floor,” one broker said. 

Mr Mitfoid-Slade remained 
confident, however, that most 
of Saturday's problems would 
be ironed out by the middle of 
this week. 

Opec ready 
to extend 
quota deal 

By David Young 
Energy Correspondent 

The agreement on oil out- 
put levels due to expire on 
October 3 1 , is now likely to be 
extended until the end of the 
year with a radical new for- 
mula introduced from Janu- 
ary [. 

The Organisation of Petro- 
i leum Exporting Countries has 
spent the past two weeks 
working on the new system j 
under which Kuwait and ' 
Saudi Arabia will receive a , 
larger share of the market 
because they bore the brunt of 
production cuts over the past 
three years. 

Sheik Yamani. the Saudi 
Minister, who on Friday said 
he would oppose any exten- 
sion of the present agreement, 
yesterday said his country's 
position had changed because 
of firm committments by the 
other nations. 

He expected the oil min- 
isters. who began their meet- 
ing again last night, to reach a 
final agreement on the new 
quotas when the meeting is 
resumed this morning. 

The oil price rose from $10 
a barrel to more than $15 
when the present agreement 
was announced two months 
ago. and traders expect prices 
to start firming today although 
they are sceptical that they will 
go as high as Opec’s target 
price of$17 to $19 a barrel. 

Arab politics, page 27 

¥&&■ ■ •. . L. ... ? 

Big what? The effects of delays and faults show among these dealers on the trading floor of 
a London broker doting the rehearsal (Photographer: Frank Her rmann ) 

Britain's exhibitions in- 
dustry, whose turnover grew 
by 16 per cent last year, is 
likely to see further 
rises on this pattern as a new 
dutch of exhibition h»lk start 
opening their doors. 

This forecast came yes- 
terday from Mr Loms Bizat, 
general manager of Alexandra 
Palace and chairman of the 
British Exhibition and Venues 
Association, as he inspected 
the almost completed trans- 
la cent roof of the great hail of 
the 113-year-old palace which 
was devastated by fire in 1980. 

A swiftly-erected pavilion 
has kept the Alexandra Palace 
and Park Trust in the ex- 
hibition business while the 
gutted Victorian “palace of the 
people” is being rebuilt bat 
dais work b on bodget and on 
time for the restored building 
to be hosting exhibitions from 
January 1988. 

iMriU add 100,000 square 
feet of exhibition space to the 
capital’s growing total which 
only this weekend was boosted 
by 40,000 square feet with the 
opening of the Business De- 
sign Centre at Islington which, 
nn ns ually, also has 120,000 
square feet of space for perma- 
nent showrooms and offices. 

Next January a £5 milKon 
exhibition hall of about 50,000 
square feet b doe to open at 
the Wembley complex and by 
1990, at a cost of £35 million, e 
an additional exhibition hall of I 

180,000 square feet b planned 
to be opened by Earis Court 
and Olympia, the exhibitions 
and conferences arm of the P 
&O group. 

Mr Bizat said: “The growth 
trend in the exhibitions bm- 
ness is encouraging.” His 
optimism is underpinned by 
the latest analyses of the 
Incorporated Society of Brit- 
ish Advertisers which show 
spending last year was £192 
million compared with £191 
millio n in 1984 bat ISBA says 
a more realistic comparison b 
with 1983 which throws up a 
growth of 25 percent. 

The full impact of two Mg 
hall openings, Glasgow's Scot- 
tish Exhibition Centre and G- 
Mex in the refurbished 
Manchester Central Station, 
will not be seen until tins year, 
said ISBA. 

Further immediate develop- 
ment in London could bring an 
excess of exhibition capacity, 
according to Mr Bizat But 
given the growth trends the 
capital coaid possibly need 
more space by the middle of 
the next decade, he added. 

Under consideration in 
Docklands b a scheme for 
200,090 square feet of ex- 
hibition space pot forward as 

AE, the engineering compo- 
nents group, will make a last- 
ditch attempt today to 
overturn a ruling by the 
Takeover Panel which has 
given Turner & NewaU. the 
asbestos group, the go-ahead 
to launch a new takeover bid. 

If it fails, Turner & NewaU 
will swiftly mount a new offer. 
Last' night. Sir Francis Tombs, 
the company’s chairman, said: 
“We obviously would have to 
read the terms of the final 
judgment of the Panel and 
then look at market con- 
ditions before making a de- 
cision. But it is fair to say that 
the logic remains un- 
challenged — AE would be 
better off with us.” 

The Takeover Panel has not 
formally announced the re- 
sults of its lengthy investiga- 
tion bat is widely understood 
to have censured AE*s finan- 
cial adviser, the stockbroking 
firm Gazenove, and the mer- 
chant banker Hill Samuel, 
over buying of the company’s 
shares in the closing stages of 
the last £260 million takeover 
bid. which left Turner & 
NewaU just 1 per cent short of 
gaining controL 

There is also undostood to 
. have been, criticism of the role 
played by the Midland Bank. 
So far none of the parties has 
commented on the Panel's 
findings but they were told of 
the outcome at the end oflast 
week mid given a statutory 48 
hours in which to lodge an 

Thai appeal is expected to 
be triggered today and the 
final verdict will be known 
before the end of this week. 
Observers point out that in 
view of the thorough inquiry 
already undertaken, the 
chances of a successful appeal 
are slim. 

If it does fafl. Turner & 
Newall will be released from 
the normal constraints 

By Cliff Fettham 

:ompo- preventing it from renewing a 
* a last- bid inside a year. The com- 
ay to pany was left with a 29-6 per 
>y the cent shareholding in AE and 
:h has would launch another bid 
all, the almost immediately. 

>-ahead Last Friday, the shares in 
rerbid. both companies were sus- 
Newafl pended on the stock market 
iv offer, indicating an outcome to the 
tombs. Panel's investigation, which 
n, said: focused on whether the rules 
aave to of the takeover code had been 
e final breached by the failure of 
el and associates erf* AE to disdose 
t con- vital share purchases. 

1 a de- ■ Just under 5 milli on AE 
ay that shares were bought by its 
s un- supporters at prices in excess 

supporters at prices in excess 
of the Turner & NewaU offer 
and subsequently sold at a 

Hill Samuel has apparently 
argued that the Midland Bank 
— which bought the shares in 
question — was not an asso- 
ciate of AE and, therefore, the 
transaction did . not come 
under the disclosure require- 
ments of die City. code. 

AE*s view all along has been 
that it was unaware of these 
manoeuvres and it appears 
likely that the Band has 
accepted tins explanation. But 
the authorities have made 
dear to its advisers that the 
dealings should have been 

Last night, Sir Francis 
Tombs, while declining to 
comment on the Panel's find- 
ings, said that Turner & 
Newall still felt it was the 
“injured party” in the affair. 

“The fact re mains that we 
were within 1 per cent of 
victory when a large Mock of 
shares was suddenly removed 
from the market," he said. 

Turner & Newafl. which has 
been revitalized under the 
reign of Sir Francis, has been 
teen to reduce its dependence 
on asbestos-related products 
and saw the opportunity in . 

EMS entry speculation 
as Poehl sees Thatcher 

By Rodney Lord, Economi c s Editor 
Sterling is expected to con- Thursday. A buoyant perfor- 

ce ue to trade nervously in 
foreign exchange markets in 
the next few days after pres- 
sure on the currency last week. 

Speculation continues that 
today's visit to London by 
Herr Karl Otto Poehl. the 
Bundesbank’s president, when 
he will meet Mrs Thatcher, 
could be the occasion for 
Britain’s entry into the ex- 
change-rate mechanism of the 
European Monetary System. 
But officals denied over the 
weekend that there was any 
change in Britain's attitude 
that the time was not yet ripe. 

Other factors which could 

affect the mood of the markets 
for [ ^ e , a include today’s retail sales 

ronsorttBmof which .La mg, announcement and the 
the construction group, is part montWy trade figures n n 

mance by retail sales would 
lend to confirm -fears that 
financial conditions are un- 
comfortably lax. 

More important will be the 
trade figures — which in 
August showed a record defi- 
cit The August announce- 
ment was described by Mr 
Nigel Lawson in his speech at 
the Mansion House last week 
as a freak and market op- 
erators are expecting the latest 
figures to be better. . 

Money markets were inr 
dicatinga rise in interest rates 
at the end of last* week of %-l 
percent point. 

The building societies are 
waiting to see whether base 
rates go up again before 
deciding an increase. 

Last-minute wait for Opax N ^ p ™ e e P 1 t an 

Norton Opax’s £146.6 rail- 

By Alison Eadie 
bid has been 

lion bid for its rival primer characterised by bitter sniping 
and pub! isher, over statistical data. Last 

and publisher, 

McCorquodale. closes on 
Wednesday. Institutional 
shareholders look likely to 
wait until the last minute to 
make up their minds. 

Mr Robert Maxwell, the 
largest McCorquodale share- 
holder with a 10 per cent 
stake, has said he will make up 
his mind on the last day. 
Norton Opax made its 
presentation to him last 
Wednesday and 

McCorquodale goes to see 
him this week. 

Mr Maxwell has raised his 
holding in McCorquodale 
from 5.9 per cent in the past 
three weeks at prices well 
above Opax's 260p cash offer. 

margins are 55 per cent higher 
overall and its cheque printing 
over statistical data. Last margins are nearly 20 per cent 
week, McCorquodale re- against McCorquodale's 9 per 
sponded vigorously to an cent 
Opax publication calling a w _ . . 

table it had printed “inaccu- McCorquodale claims its 
rate and highly misleading” overall margins are 9.9 pei 
and the assumptions in it cent against Opaxs 9.6 pei 
"unwarranted and ceni and ils cheque printing 

incomplete". margins are 16.1 per cent 

Whereas Opax claimed that against Opax’s 12.3 per cent. 
McCorquodale’s underlying difference stems from 
growth in 1985-86 was 10.3 Opax comparing its year-end 
per cent and, on the basis of _ March 1986 with 
McCorquodale's profit fore- McCorquodale s in September 
cast 1.3 per cent in 1986-87, 1985, whereas McCorquodale 
McCorquodale’s figures P"*" to use its September 
showed underlying growth of ‘ 9®° year-end. 

28.7 percent last year and 36 J • Opax believes it can manage 

t * 1IS * ea f* w r change better than the 
Margins are also a bone of OD n« s jtj on -c -orofessinn.-il 

McCorquodale claims its 
overall margins are 9.9 per 
cent against Opax's 9.6 per 
cent and its cheque printing 
margins are 16.1 per cent 
against Opax’s 12.3 per cent. 
The difference stems from 
Opax comparing its year-end 
in March 1986 with 
McCorquodale’s in September 
1985. whereas McCorquodale 
prefers to use its September 
1 986 year-end. 

Opax believes it can manage 

Margins areaiso a none oi opposition’s “professional 
contention. Opax claims its administrators”. 

! The debt-ridden Chileans 
have come up with an in- 
genious scheme to try to get 
the country into the black — by 
encouraging their creditors to 
turn investors. 

The plan, from the central 
bank, is to enable some of 
their creditor banks to cut | 
their losses and sell their debts 
at discounts of up to 30 per 
cent The paper they are 
handed in exchange is then 
sold to investors entitling 
them to an equity stake in 
locally quoted companies. 

Other Latin-American 
countries, and the IMF, are 
reported to be studying the 
system to see if it can be used 

Dixons pays £4m for 
SupaSnapS film chain 

By Our City Staff 

Dixons, the electrical group, into a related and com- 

Virgin Group to be floated 
with £250 million price tag 

is taking over the chain of 344 
SupaSnapS high street film 
processing shops. The chair- 
man. Mr Stanley Kalms. 
claimed the deal would give it 
another important retailing 

Dixons is paying £4 million 
for the business which is a 
subsidiary of the large Ameri- 
can conglomerate 3M. Last 
year SupaSnapS broke even 
on a turnover of £42 million. 

As well as the chain of 
shops, the company also has 
three film processing lab- 
oratories in Glasgow. North- 
ampton and Reading. The 
plants will provide much 
needed additional production 
facilities for Dixons’ own 
colour laboratories. Last year, 
its film processing division 
raised profits by 60 percent to 
£2 million. 

Mr Kalms said: "The ac- 
quisition is an important step 

piemen tary area and is a 
perfect fit for us.” 

As well as offering speedy 
service for processing films, it 
is likely that the SupaSnapS 
shops will begin offering addi- 
tional services such as photo 
reproduction on posters, 
greeting cards, table mats and 

Dixons intends to develop 
SupaSnapS as a new retailing 
arm within ihe group, which 
at present takes includes Cur- 
rys and the out-of-town Power 
City stores. 

Dixons failed in a £1.8 
billion bid for Woolwonb ibis 
year in an attempt to secure 
more selling space in the high 
street. Despite the latest deal, 
it is still in an acquisitive 
mood and there is still 
speculation that it might re- 
new its attack on Woo I worth 
next year. 

By Lawrence Lever 

Mr ffiebard Branson, tire cent of the company with Mr 
millionaire entrepenenr, is to Draper holding the balanc e 
bring his international “Most of the money raised 
entertainments company, the * will go into the Virgin Grasp,” 

Virgin Group, to the stock 
market next month with a 
price tag of about £250 million. 

Ninety per cent of the Virgin 
empire will be included in the 
sale but the Virgin Atlantic 
airline and Virgin Holidays 
will not be included. 

Morgan Grenfell, the mer- 
chant hank, and Rowe & 
Pitman, the stockbrokers, are 
advising on the flotation, 
which will be on the main 
market- However, the method 
which will be nsed has not yet 
■been, chosen. 

Mr Branson said yesterday 
that he and bis partner. Mr 
Simon Draper, will sell 25 per 
cent of the Virgin Group to the 
public. He now owns 85 per 

1 Mr Branson said. “We will be 
investing rather a lot of money 
in America over the next two to 
three years. 

“Most of Virgin's growth 
has been natural. We have 
rarely failed as a company 
because when we actually set 
up a company it already has 
business there. All 18 of our 

foreign companies are already 
trading profitably”. 

_ Mr Branson said that Vir- 
gin should shortly announce 
the signing of one of the top 
fire American pop groups. 
Moreover, last week Virgin 
took a 17.5 per cent stake in 
(TV ScperchanneL which 
makes it the second largest 
investor in the European 

entertainments channel . 

Virgin aims to capitalize on 
the broad range of entertain- 
ment services it can offer on an 
international leveL 

It can sign up artists, pub- 
lish their music and distribute 
it through its record shops, as 
well as having video, tele- 
vision. film, book publishing 
and merchandising arms. 

"Whatever we are doing in 
England, we can do in tbe rest 
of the world. We are the only 
entertainments group in 
Europe involved in tile number 
of areas we cover. Most of the 
others are single product com- 
panies. We offer groups a 
completely worldwide 
service," he said. 

Mr Branson added that he 
would spend "one to two days | 
a month, if that,” On tbe airline j 
business after the flotation. 



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Can auditors see the problem 
before the Government acts? 

aid call 
by Prince 

By Teresa Poole 

By CarolFergnson 

The age-old question am 
custodier ipsas custom , 
crudely rendered into “who 
will shave the barber?”, has a 
new translation: who wfli 
audit the auditors? 

It may seem odd, at a time 
of general deregulation, that 
the Government appears to 
be looking for ways of 
increasing the amount of 
regulation on auditors. Yet 
the Department ofTrade and 
Industry, headed by Mr Paul 
Channoo, and the Office, of 
Fair Trading, whose director- 
general is Sir Gordon Borne, 
have both brought out docu- 
ments in the last two months 
which could have profound 
effects on bow accountants 
are regulated and on the 
services they can offer. 

There are no statutory 
reasons for changing the 
present arrangements apart 
bom the comparatively mi- 
nor changes required by the 
Eighth Directive. And the 
Department of Trade and 
Industry’s consultative docu- 
ment on the regulation of 
auditors is precisely that It 
i merely suggests areas where 
change may be appropriate, 
along with some possible 

Nevertheless, the pro- 
fession has not been seduced 
by the somewhat bland tone 
of the consultative document 
and has rightly decided to 
treat the suggestions as if they 
do. indeed, have a serious 
chance of turning into reality. 
The closing date for com- 
ments is the end of January 
but individual member firms 
are already coming up with 
their initial responses. 

As things stand, the audit 
function is governed by stat- 
ute and professional guid- 
ance. The chartered 
accountancy bodies are the 
very embodiment of the prin- 
ciple of self-regulation. They 
deride what training is 
needed by auditors, provide 
the educational facilities, set 
the examinations, and con- 
trol admissi on to member- 
ship. Their right to do this 
depends on their continued 
recognition by the Secretary 
of State. 

At present, auditing is the 
only statutorily regulated 
activity ofa range of financial 
services offered by acconn- 

Sir Gordon Borne, left, and Mr Paul Channon: their bland siren calls have been ignored 

An audit on accountancy 

The requirements of the 
eighth European Community 
company law directive are 
such that it will not be 
possible to leave the accoun- 
tancy bodies in precisely their 
present position. 

The required changes, how- 
ever, are comparatively mi- 
nor, and they are anfikely of 
themselves to upset British 
practice, which already meets 
or exceeds the European 

It is suggested that the 
Secretary of State's present 
responsibilities for the 
authorization and supervision 
of individually-approved 
auditors could be devolved to 

lams. It will soon be joined 
by insolvency work and 
investment advice. The con- 
sultative document appears 
not to favour any greater 
extension of the regulatory 
framework to other services 
such as tax advice and 
management consultancy 

Being appointed auditor 
confers duties and privileges. 
In reporting on the steward- 
ship of the company, he has a 
duty to be independent He is 
also in a strong position to 
win contracts for additional 
financial services by virtue of 
the feet that be will already 
know the company wefl. 

Most contracts for manage- 
ment consultancy and s imilar 
work are put out to compet- 

a body based on the 

But the Department of 
Trade is using the im- 
plementation of the directive 
as an opportunity to review — 
and if necessary reform — the 
Companies Act provisions on 
auditors' qualifications and 


Tbe Act now restricts the 
right to audit company ac- 
counts to individuals who are 
either directly authorized hr 
the Secretary of State or who 
are members of a recognized 
body, the three institutes of 
chartered awwmhmi* (in 
England aod Wales, Scotland 
and Ireland) and the Char- 

itive tender. Others, such as 
tax advice, tend not to be. 
Arguably, the auditor has a 
competitive advantage in 
obtaining additional finan- 
cial services work and this 
may make it difficult for 
those who want to expand 
their services in the newly 
deregulated financial markets 
to break in. Nevertheless, a 
big proportion of consultancy 
work is awarded to specialist 
firms who are not the 

The provision of addi- 
tional services is seen by 
some as being a possible 
source of conflicting in- 
terests, compromising the 
auditor's independence. _ He 
may somehow be pressurized 
into something he may not 

tered Association of Certified 

The most controversial pro- 
posals concern the indepen- 
dence of the auditor and the 
question of whether all 
accountancy services, as op- 
posed to auditing alone as at 
present, should be subject to 

Other issues on which com- 
ments are Invited indnde the 
case for allowing, acco un tancy 
firms to became limited liabil- 
ity the case for 

toughening up procedures for 
autnoriznig imfiridnally-ap- 
proved auditors and the mer- 
its of introducing a 
professional designation com- 
mon to all qualified auditors. 

otherwise have done trader 
the lure of a lucrative 
management consultancy 
contract Or he may offer cut- 
price auditing — using audit- 
ing as a loss leader to win 
more profitable consultancy 

The DTI offers two sugges- 
tions, neither of which meets 
with favour in the profession. 
One is to prohibit the auditor 
from supplying other finan- 
cial services to his audit 
clients, or at afl. 

Mr Brian Jenkins, head of 
audit practice ax Coopers & 
Lybrand, believes: “There are 
few areas of business that axe 
totally free of conflict of 
interest. We have always 
been in the business of Chi- 
nese walls." 

.... O/ ccccu U n T l I N C Ql ccccu 

• I LLJJLJ 1 1 U I LI 1 1 L ' ' I LLJJLJ 

20 ISDX exchanges 
ordered for Scotland 

The South or Scotland Elec- 
tricity Board is buying twenty 
Plessey ISDX (Integrated 
Services Digital Exchange) 
systems as part of Its third phase 
of network modernisation. 

Principal use for these 
exchanges will be handling 
customer telephone enquiries 
at service centres throughout 
the Board’s region. 

Because the Plessey ISDX 
exchanges have automatic call 
distribution, incoming calls can 
be spread so that enquirers will 
experience far less wailing time. 


The exchanges will be linked to 
form one network. To the 
public and to the staJ£ this 
turns the SSEB's service 
centres virtually into one big 
office, where calls can be 
handled and processed far 
more cost-effectively than by 
ordinary PABX exchanges. 

Plessey installed the first 
phase of the network in 1985 - 
for the Board’s head office and 
some of its local offices. The 
latest phase is expected to be 
ready for use early in 1987 

Plessey is Britain's leading 
manufacturer of digital 
exchanges for business. The 

»-**-: .v-- 

rV.r -i ■*.; 

Tbf Pbw) ISDX u *wk 

ISDX its newest model has 
rapidly become the top-selling 
large PABX in the country. 

About eighty Plessey 
systems have been sold to the 
electricity supply industry over 
the last few years. 

Other notable business 
successes for Plessey in 
Scotland recently indude GKN 
Steelstock of Glasgow, the 
National Museums of 
Scotland, the Scottish National 
Exhibition Centre, and the 
Heriot-Watt University 

Plessey is to supply new gener- 
ation communications systems 
for the M25 motorway. 

In a contract valued at more 
than £1 million, Plessey will 
supply and install additional 
motorway signalling and emer- 
gency telephone equipment 

This order follows the 1984 
contract for Plessey to design 
and manufacture a control 
network installed at the 
Chigwell section. 

The new contract includes a 
central processor for the 
M25 Godstone Police ConLrol 
Office plus roadside oulstation 
signalling and telephone 


The new Plessey Cormorant lightweight dipping sonar has been 
selected by Canada - the fast customer for this advanced helicopter- 
borne anti-submarine system. 

Cormorant is a private 
venture development by 
Plessey. The Canadian order 

ment of National Defence. 

HAPS is intended for use on 
Canada’s new anti-submarine 

represents a breakthrough for warfare helicopter, and 
this compact highly versatile Plessey, as principal sub- 

USA sales breakthrough 
with plasma terminals 

A contract fora numberofiniilti- 
role plasma terminals for use in 
an important United Stales Air 
Force programme has gone to 

The ruggedtsed terminals 
will be delivered lo Electro^ 
space Systems Incorporated of 
Richardson. Texas, and will be 
fined m command and control 
aircraft for use with their 
message processing system. 

By providing US Air Force 
officers with access toa modem 
digital computer system, the 
Piesse) terminals will pla\ a 
vital role in improving the 
speed, accuracy and reliability 

of military message trans- 

This initial contract, valued 
in excess of $650,000, was won 
against stiff international com- 
petition and marks another 
important breakthrough for 
Plessey into the extremely 
competitive American market 

sonar system. 

Cormorant provides a 
unique low frequency active 
and passive acousuc sensor 
with a performance consider- 
ably more effective than exist- 
ing systems. 

The order to Plessey is 
from Computing Devices 
Company,a division ofControl 
Data Canada Limited, who 
have completed negotiations 
with the Canadian Depanmem 
of Supply Services to develop 
the HAPS (Helicopter 
Acoustic Processor System) ad- 
vanced lightweight sonobuoy/ 
sonar system for the Depart- 

contractor, will provide the 
Cormorant lightweight dipping 
sonar as the system’s "wet end! 


. r ? tSST* 


The height of high technology, i 

... } design permits npM deployment. 

nfSUlihRr fi unfa WWI—'i**' ' rt ’ nt ufBifru 

The nature of auditing k 
such that auditors must off- 
load conflicts as they ansa 
They live by the quality or 
Their opinions. They m ug be 
well-founded and indepen- 
dent or they ate doomed. 

Mr Bryan Bfeckbora, na- 
tional audit partner at 
Ddoine Haskins and Sem, 
expressed his concern: “To 
justifc banning the supply of 
different services to the same 
diem, sorely it should be 
demonstrated that the 
present practices have been 
harmful to the interests of 
dients and investors. We do 
not think ibis has ever been 
the case". 

The alternative suggestion, 
to limit all audit appoint- 
ments to a certain number of 
vears. would, in Mr 
Blackburn's view, increase 
audit fees. 

Coopers & Lybrand, in its . 
initial response, has decided 
not to answer foe specific 
questions raised in the docu- 
ment but has attempted to 
broaden the terms of the 

“Should we not redefine 
foe scope of the audit to 
include mana gement ac- 
counts and the whole basis on 
which the company is 
managed?" sales Mr Jenkins. 

The present method of 
reporting by auditors dates 
bade to the I9fo century. 
Modern information systems 
and tire complexity of busi- 
ness life have maoe it out- 
dated. fjHwg the 
report's half-a-dozen lines, to 
the effect that the accounts 
give a true and fair view, an 
auditor's “report” is ax best 
an exaggeration. It serves 
neither foe shareholders, the 
management nor the 

If Mr Jenkins is right and 
the auditing function out of 
date, then it has been out of 
date for some time. 

If they are to justify their 
claims for maintaining foe 
status quo, on the grounds 
that it works perfectly well as 
it is, they must de m o ns t r ate 
that these issues can be 
recognized and tackled with- 
out having to be prodded into 
action by the threat of greater 
government regulation. 
Otherwise, the Government 
can be relied on to find 
someone to shave the barber. 

N« income for the quarter 
ending September 30 was 
S3 143 million or $1.55 a share 
(S295.6 million or $1.46 a 
share). Net income for the first 
nine months of 1986 was S921.6 

, uaUUVUt WTO iTTWV w 

million or $A04 a share). Total 
operating revenue was $237 
billion in the third quarter and 
$839 billion in foe first nine 
months (third quarter $2.62 
billion arid first nine months 
$7.7 billion). Return on equity 
for the third quarter was 14.4 
per cent and for the first nine 
months 1439 per cent. Total 
assets are $21.3 trillion. 

• BUNZL: Acceptances have 
been received for 76362378 
ordinary shares (about 76.03 per 
cent of new ordinary shares 
offered). New ordinary shares 
not taken up have been sold in 
foe marker at a premium. 

new shares wmw f through the 
rights issue in July and in 
relation to foe purchase of 
Compel in September will be 
entitled to foe interim dividend 
of 0.75 cents. 


INGS: SH r foe Sydney explorer 
19.9 per cent owned by 
Rothschild/AUR, is 

bonus after an extraordinary 
profit of AusS9.6 million (£4.26 
million), made by offshoot 
Sedgold from foe sale of a 623 
per cent interest in foe Cracow 
gold min mg venture in Central 




Mam 8 Company. 


Citibank Savingst- 

Co-operaliw Bank _ 

C. Hove & Co 

Hong Kong & Shanghai 

Lloyds Bank 

Nat Westminster 

Royal Baric of Scotland 


Citibank NA. 

t Mortga ge Bate Sate. 

Big business should do 
more to encourage foe start up 
of small entetpnscs, foe 
Prince of Wales wH A* 
world's hugest small business 
conference ai Us opening ses- 
sion in London today 

In a pre-rceoiticd interview 
be says foal larger companies 
in this country should be, 
encouraged, as in the U5L » 
«ve just ! per cent of foetr 
pretax profits to assist not 
only small businesses but also 
cultural and community activ- 
ities within their area. 

He also suggests that redun- 
dant premises should be 
turned into workshop units 
and redundant equipment and 
machine ry made available at a 
peppercorn rent for small 
start-up operations. 

The 13th International 
Small Business Congress is 
being attended by almost 500 
delegates from 41 countries. 

ISBC was conceived in 1974 
by foe Untied States Small 
Business Administration and 
Nagoya University of Japan 
and has become est Wished as; 
foe major international annu- 
al forum for the exchange of 
opinions and plans to further 
the cause of small business 
worldwide: This year is foe 
first time Britain has played 

Delegates will also hear 
today from Lord Young, foe 
Employment Minister, and 1 
Mr H EToshio YamazakL the 
Japanese Ambassador in < 
London, who will relay a 
message from his Prime Min- 
ister, Mr Yasuhiro Nakasone. 

Further dollar 
fall forecast 

Renewed pressure for 
protectionist measures to 
limit imports to the US, is 
forecast today by The stock- 
brokers Phillips & Drew. 

The substantial fen in the 
dollar against currencies of its 
main trading partners and 
slower domestic demand 
should be enough to start a 
gradual improvements in the 
US net export position by 
early next year. 

“The turnround is unlikely 
to be fast enough to satisfy 
Congress. Even in fob new 
stage of the US recovery, 
protectionism may not be 
dead and the dollar may have ‘ 
further to dcdine,”says the 
broker. US notebook, page 27 

Nationwide vote 
clears the way to 
take on the banks 

By.MutiftBater r - 

The Nationwide Budding OiyCQ fo* of foe 

Society today sans its first 

working week in ibe new era of ^ £ 

building societies financial year. J** jjy find foetr 

building societies financial 
freedoms. The measured 
package of services which its 
chief general manager Mr T»m 
MdvdksRoss presented last 
month was adopted by a 
majority of members last 
Friday. . • 

mutual status somewhat 
cumbersome as a direct 
competitor Wee Barclays Bank 
dWs not need foarehokfcr 
approval for acquisition 
The Act requires nacue* 
which may want to turn to 

It fan overcome foe obstaefe 

of being * modal »ct«y SUSP* 

which may prove to be almost 
as big as the outdated aw 
which the budding society 
movement claims nas pre- 
vented it from competing woh 
other financial institutions. 

The enabling legislation, the 
Braiding Societies* ACL docs 
not come into force until next 
year. But each society's plans 
mist be approved by foe 
members white foe building 
societies retain their states as 
mutual societies folder the 

National and perhaps foe 
Woolwich Equrtahte. to defer 
the process for a year. After- 
that, at le*w 20 per cent of the 
members must partici|«e in 
any vote, 

Hrerhips foe greaiea advrn. 
use mutuality has for foe 
managers of budding societies 
is the protection it affords 
from take-over. vitiSavings. 
the personal finance arm of 
CitiCwp. has announced its 
wish to acquire a braiding 
society with a network of 

SrSTajESr? «jh • hma of 
Friendly Societies., ^-.*^ **"**» 

Most of the plans unveiled BuiWu^saCKtymevw re- 
by the ntejorbnOdBng societies quire detailed negotiations as 
have hardly beed cbntrovcr- first the managers rniat agree, 
sial. but the approval fence is then the membm must in- 
still there to be hfaed prove ibeir plans. Tbe-Ueds 
week's antounoenients Permanent has atied twice — 
by the National fe Provincial 
and Bristol A West societies 
that ihe>' intend to introduce a 

Permanent has foiled twice - 
with the Town and Country 
and the Leeds Hoftxck, while 
Nationwide and Woolwich 

UHU lilV) MIlfcMU IU miiwww. — * — _ - 

comprehensive stockbroking Mned rompany less than the 
service may prove more dim- best ofmeim . . 

cult. The Leeds Permanent But the Alliance and Lereea- 
and the HaKftx, which have ter societies did manage to 
made relatively modest achieve the only really bit 
aequisuons of local estate merger m d* indwtry, and 
assent chains compared to Birmingham Mwslures soc*- 
Nationwide's national net- ety las week announced a 
work, most seek ratification planned merger wuh foe Civil 
from their members. Service Society. 

Unemployment ‘stems 
from poor demand 9 

By David Smith, EcouonriaCorrespowdeid 

High unemployment in 
Britain is mainly the result of 
insufficient growth in de- 
mand. according to an article 
in Economic Policy, foe 
monthly journal, publ is hed 

According to Mr Chris- 
topher Pmarides of the 
London School of Economics, 
two-thirds of foe rise in the 
jobless between 1979 and 
1983 was because of inad- 
equate demand and only ©no- 
thin! due to supply foams, 
such as benefits for those out 
of work and union power. 

Reducing uaempfoymera 
from current levels, he says, 
requires either additional de- 
mand or s pec ific measures to 
encourage emp loyers to take 
on more people, including job 
subsidies. . 

In another ankle. M Jac- 
ques Dreze of foe University 
of Louvain, Belgium, says that 
work-sharing has not signifi- 
cantly cut unemployment in 

Such attempts, he asserts, 
have generally only had a 
modest effect on the numbers 
in work. 


sults for the six months to 
September 30. Interim dividend 
2.1p (I.9Sp) payable December 
12. Gross revenue £718,002 
(£790.782). Underwriting 

Management expenses £68,8)2 
(£65,418). Interest payable 
£70.137 (£197,822). Pretax 
profit £579,033 (£527,542). Tax 
£175,317 (£174367). Earnings 
per share 334p (3.09). Net asset 
value per share 253-Op (208-4p). 

sults for the 14 months to 
September 30 (12 months to 
July 31 1985). Final 3.5p mak- 
ing 4p (4p) payable December 
23. Gross revenue (investment 
income) — franked dividends 
£188.745 (£115.932), unfranked 
dividends £889,705 (£399.906). 
Unfranked interest £743,957 
(£543,477). Deposit interest 
£394,767 (£351389). Interest 
£386.106 (£22,728). Tax 
£508,107 (£462374). Earnings 
per share 4.99p (4.10p). Divi- 
dend payable December 12. 

INDUSTRIES: Results for the 
six months to June 30: figures in 
£000s. Interim 4p (3_5p)T Turn- 

147310 (107372), trading 

2,085 (2,646). Related com- 
panies 712 (726). Profit before 
tax 4.022 (2,930). Tax 1.450 
(1.097). Minorities 49 (262). 
Extraordinary debt 275 (0). j 
Earnings per share: basic 15.9p 1 
(9.5p) and fully diluted 13. Ip 
(8.7p). Dividend payable 
December 12. 

Hancms' distribution subsidiary 
in America, Central Plastics 
Distributors Inc, has bought the 
PVC plastic rod and foam sheet 
distribution business of 1 
Wegener North America Inc 
and its associated company. 
Crystal! te Marketing Inc. for 


dend l-65p (Up) for year to 
June 30. Turnover £9.712,015 
(£8.234,075). Pretax profit 
£1,204,102 (£1,048^55). Tax 
£303,665 (£314,276). Profit 

attributable £900,437 
(£733.979). Extraordinary credit 
nil (£28, 125). Earnings per share 

8 Jp (&8p) 

• HUGIN GROUP: Turnover 
for the six months to June 30 
was £64.5 million (£14.7 mil- 
lion). Pretax profit £1.9 million 
(£0.375 million). 

(126)- Group profit 72 (41). 
Interest payable 2 (IV Group 
profit before tax 70 (40V aftor 
tax 49 (27V Extraordinary debit 

extraordinary items 0.75p 

for the six months to June 30. 
Figures in £000s. Turnover 
2448 (1.193V Operating profit 
56 (loss 263). Interest payable 29 
(22V Tax credit nil (46V Profit 
after tax 27 (loss 239V Earn mgs 
p«nsharejV24g (loss 2.70pV 

for the six months to August 31. 
Interim dividend GL8p (0-75p). 
payable January 2. Figures in 
£000s: turnover 1 3.552 ( 1 1.141V 
trading profit 632 (289), interest 
payaNe 1 (23 received), pretax 
profit 631 (312V tax 221 (127V 
extracudinary debt 76 (nil). 
Earnings per share 3J22p 

The company has agreed to 
purchase Snnguard Homes, a 
privately owned Northampton 
bouse builder, for £4.2 million, 
subject to contract and 

«hiin>hnlrlm' nnrmnvnl “TV 

consideration will comprise £2.1 
million cash with the balance 
represented by the issue of 
! 0,500,000 shares for 20p. 

• BTR: The directors of 8TR 
Nylex propose a non- 
renownceaote rights issue of 
S 4,378,250 ordinary sham of 50 
cents ax $7.75 a share on foe 
basis of one new ordmaxy share 
for every four held. The issue 

for th at pro portion to be taken 
up by BTR, the majority share- 
holder. through its wholly 
owned subsidiary. BTR Austra- 
lia, which holds 62.5 per rent of 
the ordinary shares in issue. 
BTR intends to subscribe for 
8,986.406 new shares. 

• J BXLLAM: Results for the 
six months to June 30. Interim 
dividend 1.562p (1.4p). Turn- 
over 1.174,31 5 (I.I29J4K). Pre- 
tax profit 145.875 (129.662V 
Tax 50.000 (28.000). Extraor- 
dinary debt nil (4S.OOO). Earn- 
ings per share 6o9p (6.78pV 
Dividend payable December 12. 

Clogau has bought the mining 
leases for the Goldfield ana 
Golden Arrow prospects in Ne- 
vada. Exploration at Golden 
Arrow shows gross potential of 
18 million tons of oxidized 
mineralization. Goldfield has 
target resource of 1 million tons. 

BELTER: The company has 
been granted permission by the 

the Helsinki stock exchange 
early November. The comp* 
plans to place up to ' 
series “B" unrestricted 



4 • 

, i 





PHONE AFCOR: 01-377 5511 

MON TQ FRI S 35 AM - (5 3<J PM 



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the US 

From Maxwell Newton 
New York 

.Mr James Baker, the US 
Secretary of the Treasury, has 
lost out to the Japanese, the 
Germans and the Swiss, who 
have persistently complained 
about the American policy, 
introduced by Mr Beryl 
Sprinkel in 1981, when he first 
entered the* Treasury, of a 
“free floating” dollar. 

We have now entered into a 
world of “narrow banded" 
exchange rates. Since early 
July, in the case of the yen and 
the Swiss franc, and since 
early August, in the case of the 
mark, these major currencies 
have been held in a “narrow 
band" of fluctuation with the 

New world 

The “narrow bands" for the 
major currencies appear to be: 

• Mark 49-51 US cents; 

• Swiss franc 60-62 cents; 

• Yen 64-66 cents 

On Thursday, the mark 
opened at 50.82 but by the 
dose had been pulled back to 
50.73 (December contract). 
The Swiss opened at 62.20 but 
by the dose was back down to 
61.96. The yen opened at 
65.03 but by the close was 
down to 64.92. 

Of the three central banks — 
who are presumably hand m 
glove with the Fed — the 
Japanese are controlling their 
currency most closely. This is 
because of the much greater 
leverage available to the Japa- 
nese authorities (in the Bank 
of Japan and in the Ministry 
of Finance) in controlling 
many economic aggregates at 
once through the “dub" at- 
mosphere in which major 
policy issues in Japan are 
decided and administered 

A new world of fixed ex- 
change rates is emerging. 
Many other currencies are tied 
to the dollar and hence are tied 
into the emerging “snake". 

No shrinking 

The loser in this will be the 
US, which is last losing all 
policy flexibility. With the 
exchange rate fixed with the 
Fed impotent (following the 
failure if the “gang of four's" 
expansionary money policy 
culminating in the four dis- 
count rate cuts this year) and 
with fiscal policy in anarchy, 
how is the American economy 
going to shift off dead centre? 

Some argue that the degree 
of dollar devaluation so far 
attained against the leading 
currencies will do the trick. 

But in the first quarter 1 986, 
out of a total currency account 
deficit (annual rate) of $122.7 
billion, $51.3 billion was with 
Japan, $26.3 billion with 
Western Europe and $45.1 
billion was with the other 
regions. There is no indication 
yet that the dollar amount of 
the bilateral deficit with Japan 
is contracting. 

Hence, it will be a long time 
until the broad-based devalua- 
tion of the dollar is sufficient 
to reduce the trade deficit by 
an amount sufficient to make 
a dent in its present negative 
impact on domestic American 
economic growth. 

Meanwhile, the effect of 
“narrow banding" is to 
encourage foreigners to con- 
tinue to expand their invest- 
ments in the US, something 
that has the effect of keeping 
the dollar up — and keeping 
the trade deficit up. 

Mr Baker appears to have ; 
lost an important battle, if not j 
the war. 

Two-month delay in implementing new agreement 

Arab politics slows down 
Onec’s auota calculations 

By David Young 

Energy Correspondent 

After more than two weeks of 
intensive and intense dis- 
cussions, the Organization of 
Petroleum Exporting Coun- 
tries appears to have given 
itself another two months to 
calculate a series of percent- 
ages, which seemingly could 
be done in seconds on a pocket 

The fact that it is on the 
result of these calculations 
that the price of oil will 
depend during next year 
makes it seem absurd that the 
oil producers appear so indeci- 
sive. Opec calculates that its 
1 3 member nations have been 
losing $100 million a day 
between them while the oil 
price has slumped this year, so 
why the delay in taking a 
decision which will send the 
price back upwards? 

The answer is politics and 
Arab politics at that. While 
Opec has members from 
Indonesia, Latin and South 
America and Africa, it is also 
the one forum in the world 
spotlight where the differing 
factions in the Arab Gulf are 
involved, and by necessity 
have to appear to be acting 

The fact that two have been 
at war for more than six years 
and have their supporters 
among the other Arab delega- 
tions cannot be allowed to 
become a big issue. The main 
issue has to remain oil and 

Opec now has to marry the 
science of economics with the 
art of politics, and h is this 
which is taking time. Progress 
has been made in Geneva and 
the mere fret that the coun- 
tries have accepted that a 
radical new output quota sys- 
tem will come into force is one 
of the most significant mo- 
ments in Opec’s 26-year 

In future, the output system 
should be set at a meeting 


30 _ 


. 11 11 11 M 11 mm* 


which need take no longer 
than a day and, with an easily 
controlled and policed system, 
Opec hopes that it will once 
again be in the driving seat 
when it comes to setting the 
world oil price. It relinquished 
that role to the free market last 
December when it opened the 
taps and sent production up 
far in excess of what the 
industrialized world needed. 

That decision was taken 
partly to hit at North Sea 
prices and development pros- 
pects in retaliation for what 
Opec saw as Britain reneging 
on an agreement to keep 
North Sea output at about the 
2.2 million barrel a day mark. 

Britain has consistently de- 
nied that it gave such an 
agreement— tbeChancellor.Mr 
Nigel Lawson, was the Energy 
Secretary at the time 'and 
many Opec delegates have 
taken great delight at his 
present discomfort in keeping 
sterling in check — and in any 
case removed the only mecha- 
nism it had of controlling 
North Sea output when it 
abolished the state oil trader, 
the British National Oil 

However, the main reason 
for the change in Opec policy 
last December was Saudi 
Arabia's determination to 
stop the bickering and cheat- 
ing within the organization. 
The kingdom and its neigh- 

bour, Kuwait, were probably 
the only two among the 13 
who respected the Opec quota 
and pricing agreements. Other 
countries exceeded their quo- 
tas and cut prices by such 
methods as offering cheap and 
long-term credit or used oil to 
swap for capital goods and 

By sending the price down 
to a level which squeezed 
revenues, Saudi Arabia sought 
to administer a short sharp 
lesson to the other member 
countries. It could weather 
any price storms because of its 
great reserves and also be- 
cause Sheikh Ahmed Zaki 
Yamani, the astute Saudi oil 
minister, had devised a 
scheme of selling oil to the 
leading companies which gave 
them a giiaranteeed profit 
level even as prices fell. 

It is now apparent that even 
Saudi Arabia thinks the price 
has gone down too far, but 
nevertheless it is still prepared 
to use the price weapon again 
if its fellow producers step out 
of line. 

It is because of that threat 
that Opec has now adopted 
the new quota system which 
gives each country a percent- 
age share of an overall produc- 
tion ceiling according to a 
formula which takes into ac- 
count such factors as popula- 
tion, historical production, 
proven reserves, a country's 

economic condition 
andprod ucuon ability. Iran, 
for instance, used to be able to 
pump out six million barrels a 
day from its oilfields, but 
because of war dam a ge to its 
terminals it has to keep output 
at about two million barrels. 

Under the scheme, Saudi 
Arabia and Kuwait receive 
increased production quotas 
in return for the production 
sacrifices they have made over 
the past six years to keep up 
the price. 

Sheikh Ali Khalifa, the Ku- 
waiti oil minister, has been the 
architect of the new quota 
system, promoting ideas be 
first voiced in Vienna more 
than a year ago that the time 
has now come for Opec to 
adopt a more scientific ap- 
proach to its negotiations. He 
has been backed by Saudi 
Arabia, although its support 
has never been strong enough 
to mean any embarrassment 
for the kingdom if the plan 
were rejected. 

Sheikh Ali Khalifa started 
the Geneva meeting as the 
lone, voice in the conference 
room and gradually persuaded 
the other ministers to accept 

Between now and Opec’s 
next meeting on December 14, 
the final figures will be cal- 
culated and in the meantime it 
seems that the output quota 
system in force for September 
and October will be rolled 
over until then. 

The adoption of that system 
sent the world oil price 
up from just under $ 10 a barrel 
to just above $15 and some oil 
traders in Geneva were 
predicting that the markets 
will today start marking the ofi 
price bade up. 

Opec’s aim is still for a price 
of between $ 1 7 and $ 1 9 by the 
end of this year and how they 
hope to achieve it wflj no 
doubt be explained this week 
by Sheikh Ali Khalifa and by 
Opec’s president, Mr Rihvanu 
Lukman, the Nigerian oil 
minister, when they are in 


A temporary repair 
for monetary policy 

Concern over squeeze on high streets 

By Judith Huntley 
Conuneirial P rop erty 

Insurance companies and 
pension funds have £9 bfilkw 
invested in die fabric of 
Britain's high streets. They 
are concerned about the threat 
to town centre shopping posed 
by the moltitrale of out-oTtown 
shopping centres p binned 
throughout the country and 
the impact they will have ou 
property values. 

Mr Michael Mallmson, the 
director of Prudential Port- 

folio Managers, part of the 
Prudential Corporation, says 
that out-of-town retailing will 
grow rapidly but equity invest- 
ment in the property will be 
“bumpy, lumpy and risky — 
nevertheless K shall 

He spoke at the recent 
Confederation of British In- 
dnstry-Cdward Erdman con- 
ference during which it was 
announced that in future the 
Government win scrutinize all 
retail developments of more 
than 250,000 sq ft 

Mr Mallinson does not 

believe that town centre shop- 
ping wiD die ia the face of 
competition from out-of-town 
retailing bat he is raising 
doubts over the value of such 

The yields for town centre 
retail property, once the best 
in the sector, have been rising 
as rental growth slows down. 
Despite this Mr Mallinson 
says his retail portfolio is still 
showing good positive perfor- 
mance. There are problems, 
however, for die investor who 
is looking to go ont-of-town. 
Schemes could have a maxi- 

mum life of 30 years with high 
expenditure needed to main- 
tain competitiveness. And 
there is likely to be an dement 
of oversnpply, says Mr 

He believes that both town 
centre and ont-of-town retail- 
ing will survive and flourish — 
“Not only is retailiiig in a state 
of radical change, so too is 
financial packaging. At 
present this laps at the shores 
of property hot I am convinced 
that it will shortly sweep over 
ns, giving great opportunities 
to those with insfelst.” 

There are two things that one should 
remember about monetary policy. 
The first is that, at any one time, no- 
one can define precisely what it is. The 
second is Milton Friedman's old 
adage, that the level of interest rates is 
a meaningless indicator of the tight- 
ness of monetary policy. 

With these in mind, we can turn to 
the . great monetary question of the 
day, the question which has exercised 
many a brilliant mind in the past two 
or three weeks. Is 1 percentage point, 
taking bank base rates to 11 per cent, 

But, before answering this, we need, 
to set the scene. The statement that 
no-one can actually tell what mone- 
tary policy is, except in retrospect, is 
one that some, perhaps even the 
Chancellor, would challenge. 

But it is true. Take, for example, last 
Tuesday’s increase in base rates. 
Interest rates were lifted. Mr Lawson - 
said at the Mansion House, because 
the growth in narrow money, M0, was 
accelerating and because the exchange 
rate was weak. It had nothing to do, he 
added, with the growth of broad 
money and credit 

Now, supposing this to be true, the 
timing of the rate rise looks a little 
odd. The B ank of England would have 
picked up the acceleration in M0 
growth last month quite early, cer- 
tainly during the. month. And the 
pound was weak enough last month to 
require substantial intervention and a 
$372 milli on underlying fall in the 

The citing of M0 as one of the 
triggers for the rate rise was also rather 
puzzling. It had seemed to be the case 
that the target range for M0 was 2 to 6 
per cent. Now it appears that there are 
divergence indicators wi thin that 
target range. Growth of 4.5 per cent in 
M0 was bad enough to persuade the 
Chancellor that the exchange rate was 
telling him than s omething was 
wrong, but growth of 1 8.3 per cent was 
not Again, monetary policy can only 
be read in retrospect 

There is much to be said for 
continuity in policy, and most of all in 
monetary policy. It would be good if 
we had iL 

A year ago, also at the Mansion 
House, Mr Lawson said: “If, contrary 
to our expectations, the rapid growth 
of broad money were to show up as 
higher spending one would expect to 
see early money signals in the growth 
of M0." 

In its June Quarterly Bulletin* die 
Bank of England cited three factors 
which would indicate that liquidity, 
which had built up rapidly as a result 
of strong broad money growth,- was no 
longer being willingly held. The first 
was higher pay settlements, which we . 
probably are not seeing. The second 
was a shift of liquidity abroad by 

financial institutions and a con- 
sequent fall in sterling, which we 
probably are seeing. And the third was 
additional consumption by house- 
holds, which we certainly are seeing. 

But, despite the balance of the 
evidence, including his own pet M0 
aggregate, the Chancellor could de- 
clare last Thursday that: “There is 
every sign that people are holding the 
increased amounts of broad money 
quite willingly. And so long as this is 
so, its growth is not inflationary." 

Leaving aside the Governor of the 
Bank, of England’s view, also ex- 
pressed at the Mansion House, that 
“liquidity and credit have in fact been 
growing- uncomfortably fast,” it is 
perhaps understandable for the Chan- 
cellor to prefer to focus on the growth 
of narrow money. Other Chancellors 
have done so. 

Had Anthony (now Lord) Barber 
had the benefit of M0, rather than M 1, 
figures in the early 1970s, they would 
have shown growth of 12 per cent in 
1972 and under 11 per cent in 1973. 
Worrying, but not enough to cause 
any major panics. The relatively 
restrained growth of narrow money 
was comforting to the authorities in 
this period. But M3 grew by nearly 30 
per cent a year, and its growth 
certainly was inflationary. 

To return to the question: is 1 per 
cent enough? Enough for what?, is an 
appropriate, but not particularly help- 
ful answer, so let us take it step by 
step. Is it enough to stop the exchange 
rate from failing? It did not on Friday 
and there is every reason, to suppose 
that it will not in the next few days. 
But sterling will get to the point when 
it is clearly overshooting and, on 
exchange rate grounds alone, there is a 
case for toughing it out with the 

Is it enough to rein back accelerat- 
ing M0 growth, charitably assuming 
that Mr Lawson was not speaking 
with forked tongue when he men- 
tioned it? Probably yes. A one-point 
rise in base rates should have the 
effect of shifting enough growth in 
non-interest bearing narrow money 
into interest-bearing broad money as 
to claw back M0 growth from 4.5 to 4 

Finally, is one point enough to 
deliver low inflation in the medium 
term? Almost certainly not The 
difficulty with liquidity is that if you 
allow it to build up, it has a habit of 
leaking out Mr Lawson is the 
ministerial equivalent of the 24-hour 
plumber. He has effected, when he 
could atlast be contacted, a temporary 
repair. But the chancels are that he wifi " 
have to be called out again. 

David Smith 

: Economics Correspondent 

Sharp movement likely 
over next few months 


The success of the for- 
eigners is borne out by the 
weakness of industrial produc- 
tion and business sales in the 

Industrial production rose 
0.1 per cent in September 
following a revised increase of 
the July number from a fall of 
0.1 per cent to arise of 0.5 per 
cent. In August, industrial 
production rose 0.1 percent. 

A glance at the quarterly 
numbers, shows clearly that 
industrial production has not 
changed to any significant 
extent since the third quarter 
of 1985. 

Industrial production in the 
September quarter was 0.2 per 
cent greater than in the 
September quarter of 1985 
and 1.4 per cent greater than 
in the September quarter of 
1984 — a negligible increase. 
Thus, for two years, American 
industrial production has stag- 
nated and it is continuing to 

There is no doubt that the 
position of business has 
deteriorated, in an operating 
sense. Since the third quarter 
of 1985. business sales have 
risen 0.7 per cent to July- 
August this year, while busi- 
ness inventories have risen 12 
per cent — three times as fast 
as sales have risen. 

This is a situation that is 
discouraging for business — 
trading to decisions to cut or 
restrain output and to contain 
or cut capital expansion 

Over the next few weeks the 
troth of the ancient Chinese 
curse “may you live in in- 
teresting times" will be of 
particular relevance to the 
gilt-edged market for two 

First, there will be the 
changes in the structure and 
organization of the gilt-edged 
market on October 27. Sec- 
ondly, we have to cope with 
the consequences of the sharp 
fall in the market over the 
fast few months, particularly 
September and early October. 
It seems likely that these 
factors will interact over the 
next few months to create 
sharp movement in the gen- 
eral level of the gilt-edged 

As no doubt everyone 
knows, on October 27 the 
traditional separation of 
agency broking from jobbing 
or market making in gilts will 
be abolished. Although 
developments in gilts will, to 
some extent, mirror changes 
in other British markets there 
are likely to be considerable 
differences as well because 
the Bank of England has 
devised a structure for the gill 
market which it is, in effect, 
imposing on the 27 market 
makers in the new era. 

There is not much un- 
certainty about how the new 
system will work — even if 
most of the market makers 
are not sure whether they can 
make money out of iL 

Ali market makers will be 
obliged to make two-way 
prices to their diems in all 
gilts under all conditions. 
They can deal direct with 
clients and need not be 
restricted to dealing only with 
agency brokers. We believe 
that in practice no commis- 
sions will be charged on 
institutional business by any 
market maker and all deals 
will be done “net" on a 
principal to principal basis. 

As far as the secondary 
market is concerned, the new 
structure is markedly dif- 
ferent from the previous sys- 
tem and much closer to fee 
practice of the American or 
Japanese bond markets. We 
believe that the changes in 
the gilt market will largely 
benefit investors. Further- 

more, there will be increased 
turnover which will bring 
greater liquidity. 

The reduction in the cost of 
dealing will probably give rise 
to a much greater amount of 
trading in gilts. 

There is likely to be a 
substantially increased vol- 
ume of dealing between mar- 
ket makers since there will be 
as many as 27 of them. In 
turn this will probably lead to 
an increase in volatility as the 
market jumps about in at- 
tempts to find the correct 

There is some evidence 
that this is happening al- 
ready. There is evidence that 
the increased volatility of 
gilts over the past two 
months has arisen at least 
partly from the activities of 
firms who do not have busi- 
ness connections with an 
existing gilt jobber and who 
have started trading gilts 
outside the Stock Exchange. 

Although an increase in 
trading in Lhe market does 
not necessarily lead to greater 
volatility, the larger amounts 
of capital that gill-edged mar- 
kets makers will be devoting 
to the market will have the 
effect of encouraging them to 
trade lhe market and to move 
it around in order to generate 
a return. 

At this critical juncture in 
the history of the market we 
have also to contend with the 
aftermath of the recent sharp 
rise in long-term interest 
rates, with yields of 11 per 
cent now quite common on 
gilt-edged securities. Even if 
the market was not acquiring 
a tendency to greater volatil- 
ity, recent events will be 
pushing it in that direction. 

Although there has been 
some bad news, the fall in the 
market has been exaggerated 
substantially by the factors 
making for an increase in 
volatility, mentioned above. 
One result has been a 
substantial increase in the 
yield difference between me- 
dium-dated British and 
American bonds, which now 
stands at nearly 350 basis 
points — up 100 basis points 
from the situation obtaining 
at the end of July. Two years 

ago the differential was dose 
to zero. 

The main effect of the 
recent sharp rises in gilt yields 
has been that, taking 1986 as 
a whole, the gilt-edged mar- 
ket has hardly benefited from 
the Plaza agreement which 
led to coordinated interest 
rate cuts in the Group of Five 

Although there have been a 
number of ingredients in- 
fluencing the latest fall there 
is no doubt that, apart from 
problems with steiiing, the 
difficulty from the domestic 
point of view has been the 
apparent laxity of credit con- 
ditions in recent months. 

Whether the 1 percentage 
point base rate rise an- 
nounced last Tuesday will be 
sufficient to reassure the mar- 
kets on this front is not yet 
clear. However, the principle 
of the rise having been con- 
ceded, it should not be too 
hard to do something more 
which would reassure the 
markets. Despite the 
Chancellor's agnosticism in 
Thursday's Mansion House 
speech, effective measures 
might include a further rise in 
short rales — or more 
controversially, the introduc- 
tion of measures to restrict 
the growth of mortgage lend- 
ing or consumer credit. 

As a prospective market 
maker 1 feel that this is all to 
the good. At least if the 
market is strong it will be 
easier to make money and 
there will not be, at fireL, too 
many rumours about people 
losing large sums of money as 
there have been over the past 
few months. 

In the longer term, though, 
it looks as though it will be 
difficult for the market mak- 
ers to earn an adequate return 
on their £600 million of 
capital. I follow the popular 
view that some market mak- 
ers will feel constrained even- 
tually to scale down their 
operations — or to drop out 

Dr Richard Golding 

Head of bond market 
research at Klein wort 
Grieveson Charlesworth 

6 months to 
30th September 

12 months to 
31st March 


Trading Profit 

Profit after interest 


















/. This unaudited statement has been prepared under the same accounting policies used 

in the statutory accounts for the 12 months ended on 31st March , 1986 . - 

2. Trading profit is stated after charging depreciation on the basis of historical costs. 

3. Thames Water is not liable for corporation tax. 

4* The 12 months figures to 31st March 1987 are forecasts based on expectations in 
October 1986. 


Commenting on the results , Roy Witts, Chairman of Thames Water Authority said 
“Against a background price rise of only 3 per cent, our continuing efficient? drive both in 
operational and in capital expenditure terms, has resulted in the first half year's pm fit 
target being exceeded. We anticipate that the second half year will also exceed target. 

Between September 1985 and September 1986 we repaid £58m of our outstanding 
loans as well as meeting alt capital expenditure from internal funds. 

We are actively selling our expertise both at home and abroad to provide future 
profits for the benefit of our customers" 

Thames Water 



Thames Water, Nugent House, Vastern Road, Reading RGI 8DB. 


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TODAY — Interims: Bardsey. 
Barlows, Oayform Properties, 
Forward Technology In- 
dustries, John J Lees, Snow- 
don and Bridge, Sovereign Oil 
and Gas, Triefus, Usher- 
Walker. Finals: Highland 
Distilleries, Lowland Invest- 
ment Company, Manganese 

TOMORROW - Interims 
Ambrose Investment Trust, 
British and American Him 
Holdings, Desnitron Inter- 
national, Derwent Valley 
Holdings, first Charlotte As- 
sets Trust, Hughes Food 
Group, Sflen might Holdings, 
Underwoods, Walker 
Runciman, Western Brothers. 
Final Prestwick Holdings. 
WEDNESDAY — Interims: 
Carlton Industries, B Oro 
Mining and Exploration Com- 
pany, Exploration Company, 

Hammerson Group. Hawker 
Siddeley, Securities Trust of 
Scotland, Union Carbide 
Corporation. Finals: Inter- 
national City Holdings. W M 
Sinclair Holdings. 
THURSDAY - Interims: An- 
chor Chemicals. British and 
Commercial Shipping, Feb 
International, Ferguson 
Industrial Holdings, French 
Connection, Genard and Na- 
tional, N Hay, London and 
Northern Group. Shell OiL 

Finals: British Assets Trust, 
Investors Capital Trust, 
McKechnie Brothers, Piessac 
Holdings, Rand Mines Prop- 
erties, Really Useful Group. 
FRIDAY - Interims: Clayton 
Son and Company Holdings, 
Dean and Bowes, Photax, 
Smallbone, Toshiba Corpora- 
tion, E Upton and Sons. 
FmateEnstgn Trust 


Qaaring Baras it 

Finance House 10 

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1 week n- 10 % Biarati il%-ll% 
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1 mnth Tl-li. 

3 mnth 11-10% 

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1 naith limits 

Gmnth 11 %-IIK 12 mth llVhll 1 * 
1 mnth 5J»S90 
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■Exdudes VAT 


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Smnth &SS&90 
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: £97-33% recehed;53% 

Last weak: £97385% raceivact £99% 
Avge rata £105928% fesr **£9.6665% 
Next week: £100M replace DOOM 



Wai fcat itaa 


N York 1.4260-19336 
Montreal 1 £640-1 2997 

AmsdarnS-l 856-3201 5 

Brussels 5054-5&85 
Crphoen 1 06420-1 CLB605 
DuMn 14053-1.0411 
Lisbon 207.1 5-209.1 Q 
Madrid 185.75-1883? 
Wan 194920-1961.15 
Oslo 104015-104430 
Paris 9228092680 
Stlddm 9.7395-9.7665 
Tokyo 22020-22025 
Vienna 1932-1920 
Zurich 23100-232.15 

October 17 


1 3876-13905 
















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Cyprus pound 
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Malaysia doliar 

Mexico peso... 

New Zealand dotar . 
Saudi Arabia riyat _ 
Singapore doHar — 

Sooth Africa rand _ 


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Ratiea avpBed by Bardaye Bank HOFEX mid ExtaL 

Formidable task faces the 
new chief of BankAmerica 

From Bailey Morris, 

The return of Mr A W 
“Tom” Clausen to the embat- 
tled BankAmerica Corpora- 
tion is by all accounts 

Although there was general 
relief at the departure of Mr 
Samuel Armacost, former 
“boy wonder” of the banking 
world, after five turbulent 
y ear s, the same cannot be said 
of Mr Clausen’s reappoint- 
ment as chief executive offi- 
cer, a post he held from 1970 
to 1981 when he quadrupled 
earnings and assets. 

Despite an impressive 
record which led to his 
appointment as head of the 
World Bank, Mr Clausen is 
now criticized for his account- 
ing techniques and an over- 
rapid expansion which got the 
bank into trouble as early as 

Claire Giannuu Hoffinan, 
daughter of the bank’s 
founder, is a strong critic of 
the Clausen reappointment. 
Still active at 81, she does sot 
mince words when assessing 
the management shuffle which 
led to Mr Armacost’s, well- 
financed but hasty departure. 

“To bring Oaosen back is a 
joke. It is absolutely 
incredible,'* she said, being- 
strongly of the opinion that 
the tank should accept a $2.8 
billion (£2 billion) takeover 
offer from Fust Interstate 
Bank Corporation. 

In her view both chief 
executives “riddled” the bank, 
causing a haemorrhage of bad 
loans that culminated in 
record losses of $640 million 
during the second quarter. 

On Friday, BankAmerica 
reported a much improved 
thud quarter performance 
showing a loss of $23 millfon. 

It is more generally agreed 
that a combination of mar- 
ginal loans and an unfbrseen 
period of disinflati on which 
battered the energy and farm 
industries caused 

Mr A W Clan s ew: Reappointment caused co g ti uvg r sy 
BankAmerica's present woes, other officials were asked to 

In addition, a legacy from Mr 
Clausen’s ambitious expan- 
sion drive in the 1970s, the 
bank is overstaffed 

Over the past five quarters, 
BankAmerica has reported 
losses of close to Si J MB on 
in a trend that is expected to 
continue into the third quar- 
ter. Despite these setbacks, it 
appeared that Mr Armacost, 
aged 47, would survive. 

But events of the week of 
September IS sealed his fate. 
False rumours circulated that 
BankAmerica, Lake Conti- 
nental Illinois Bank before it, 
was about to faiL The bank's 
share price plummeted to 
$9.50, the lowest level in 
memory as investor con- 
fidence sank. Federal regu- 
lators began pressing board 
members to make a manage- 
ment change. 

The end came for Mr 
Armacost at a regularly sched- 
uled board meeting on Octo- 
ber 6. Mr Armacost and two 

leave the room. When they 
returned, Mr Armacost was 
out and Mr Clausen, sup- 
ported by directors he helped 
to appoint, was in. To ease Mr 
Annacost’s pain, the board 
awarded hi nr a controversial 
severance package of an es- 
timated £1.7 million. 

In announcing Mr 
Clausen’s reappointment, 
board members said they were 
seeking to restore stability to 
the bonk which has been 
plagued also by an exodus of 
middle management. 

Implied in foe announce- 
ment and subsequent state- 
ments by Mr Clausen was foe 
message that directors in- 
tended to fight the takeover 
offer by First Interstate 
headed by Mr Joseph Pinola, a 
former BankAmerica official 
“I did not accept this position 
to preside over 
BankAmerica’s demise,” Mr 
Clausen said. 

But the task he faces is 

for mid able, analysts estimate 
that BankAmerica would be 
worth much more ifbroken up 
into pieces and merged into 
another company. 

This is precisely what Fust 
Interstate intends in its SIS a 
share takeover offer. In read- 
ing the fine print, it becomes 
dear that First Interstate 
would attempt to sell-off an 
estimated $15 billion in assets 
before merging foe two 
organizations into a banking 
conglomerate operating in 
more than 12 states with total 
assets of about $ 143 billion. 

Under these conditions, 
assuming BankAmerica’s loan 
portfolio does not deteriorate 
dramatically, it could become 
an onparaUded prize to a 
suitor willing to accept foe 
risks. This otplains why oth- 
ers are beginning to take a 

Last week, even as Mr 
Clausen prepared to fight off 
first Interstate which .is 
reportedly ready to raise its 
offer to between $21 and $23 a 
share. New York’s Citicorp 
indicated h too was interested 
in buying all or put of 
BankAmerica to gain a long 
sought base in the lucrative 
California market. Security 
Pacific Corporation has been 
mentioned also as a posable 

Mr Clausen said he was 
reappointed to “accelerate the 
assets sales and cost-cutting” 
that his predecessor was un- 
able to accomplish. 

Aiding hira in this effort will 

be Mr Thomas Cooper, foe. 
single-minded President of foe 
Bank of America division, 
who was brought in under Mr 
Armacost fast August to slash 
costs. He did it by eliminating 
jobs at a rate of more than 
1,000 a mouth. 

BankAmerica employees, 
many who opposed Mr 
Clausen's reappointment, said 
foe new chief executive faces 
an immediate, tough task of 
retaining the best employees 
who fear a bloodletting. 


PEP’s appearance 

underlines need 
for new approach 

The Unlisted Securities 
Market received a welcome 
boost when foe Treasury an; 
nounced that USM sioda will 
now be included in foe 
sonal Equity Plan. 

An earlier proposal to ex- 
clude USM stocks because .foe 
shares were too high-risk had 
provoked complaints that this 
was both arbitrary and not 
even based on &cl 

PEPS managed by foe mg 
institutions are unlikely 10 
invest heavily in the ISM, but 
the lack of an option to do so 
may have discouragwJ com- 
panies from chasing the 
secondary market as a means 
of flotation. 

Many small companies are 
well aware that thc **new 
world” will require a different 
and more active approach to 

communications with inves- 
tors and shareholders. One 
group of USM companies 
which at an early sage xk- 
ognized foe need to take the 
initiative was foe club of 
United States companies 
known as tbe^ London 
Connection. . 

The first raectfcg of foe 
London Connection was hew 
at Boston. Mossl in June 
when a group -of 1 fund man- 
agers, analysts and jobbers 
flew out fora week to visit the 
high-tech research and 
production facilities. 

After the successor the trip 
foe dub intends to meet bi- 
annually, alternating between 
London and foe US. The next 
meeting will be in London 
next month and, given the 
easier access, the attendance is 
expected to be substantially 

___ dub has expanded 
from foe original five mem- 
bers — CVEX Infrared. Pacer 
Systems. Optometries and 
Colorgen - to seven. The new 
companies are Ktearfold and 

The growth in foe roe of 
communications and market* 
mg services in foe financial 
sector over the past few years 
was dearly reflected test work 
in foe results of foe Mrorpte 

Thu company was formed 
six yean ago to advise insur- 
ance companies and otter 
financial groups on foe design 
of promotional literature and 
overall marketing strategy, ft 
has grown rapidly cm foe sack 
of the increased «w«roea by 
financial institutions of foe 
need for more professional 
and effective communi- 

Pretax profits in the tat 
financial year were mss betas 
£750,000. and foe figures an- 
nounced tins week showed a 
30 per cent recreate to 
£324.000 in the first six 
months of this year. Turnover 
increased by 58 per cent 10 
£10.3 million. 

This excellent pTO teTOfr . . 
however, came with a sung fit 
the tail The company** t 
tion. when it camera foe! 
in May. 1985. was to 
money to fired a ntirror^ 
operation in the US. ' ? 

To do this as rapidly as for 
company originaHy faopefo j 
proved difficult, and un 
unease ott this scon: 
reinforced by news 
departure of the joint 
ing director who nu 
operation. The release 
25 per cent 

depressed the shares to . 

It is another instance ofhms - 
thc market is paying recreat- 
ing attention to foe manage- 
ment quality of p*K 
businesses rather than to 
earnings per share growth. 

Isabel Unsvartk ; 

The author is a memhar ef 
the smaller companies ' unti m 
Phillips A Drew. 



Windsor Securities (Hold- 
ings); Mr Leo Upton joins foe 
board of Windsor as a non- 
executive director. Mr John 
Holton becomes managing 
director. Lander Eberli 
Shorter, Mr John Shell 
managing director. Lander 
Eberli Shorter (Aviation), Mr 
Len Mill ward managing direc- 
tor, Lander Eberff Shorter 
(UK) and Mr David Raker 
managing director. BrentoaQ 
Beard and Company. 

Feel Holdings: Mr Peter 
Scott becomes deputy manag-’ 
ing director and Mr Hermann 
Jmgmayr a director. 

Ransomes & Rapier Mr P 
Derek Davies has been matte 
managing director. 

Albright & Wilson; Mr 



I Send 
| Call rr 


ff you've something to sell, a service to 
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There* an Air Call Radio Pager to keep 
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give you the message in writing. 

You'll probably find an Air Call Radio 
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also find you get more square miles for your 
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He who responds fastest has 
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Send torAjrCall pfc. 108-T1Q Rochester Row, London SWTP 7JP © 07-200 0200 

Robin C Paul becomes deputy 
chairman and managing direc- 
tor from November 1, 
succeeding Mr David W 

Wills Group: Mr John 
Hndkle has been made finance 

CP Roberts Group: Mr 
Paul GiUham becomes group 
chairman and Mr NeQ Blake 
finance director. Mr Malcolm 
Noble-Forbes becomes 
managing director and Mr Les 
Cbesson finance director, 
both of C P Roberts Special 
Works. Mr NeO Blake also 
becomes finance director. Hill 

Contflti Travel (UK): Mr 
David Gaster has been made 
sales and marketing director. 

Hawtal Whiting Inc Mr 
Geoffrey Waterworth be- 
comes president. 

Whitecroft Mr Andrew 
Newcombe becomes managing 
director and Mr Ken 
Rowbotham joins the board, 
George Longden Homes. Mr 
Joe Morley becomes manag- 
ing director, Longden North- 
west. Mr Brian Larssoo joins 
as general manager. Mr Alan 
HanweB and Mr Ken Row- 
botham become directors, 
Longdendale Homes. Mr 
David Valentine becomes 
managing director, Randalls. 

Charies Barker Services: Mr 
Martin Bryant joins as a 

Courtaulds: MrSipko Hais- 
mans joins the board as 
chairman-elect and Mr Mi- 
chael Prague]] becomes man- 
aging director. International 
PainL Mr Eryl Morris joins 
the boards of BCL and 
Courtaulds Textiles Group. 
Mr Allan Nightingale be- 
comes chairman and chief 
executive. Textiles Group. Mr 
Harold Beaufoy is made chair- 
man and chief executive, 
Courtaulds Fibres. 

1BA: Mrs Nicole Harrison 
becomes chairman. Adult 
Education Section. 

Marshall Woellwarth A 
Company: Mr Martin W Elli- 
son becomes finance director 
from November L 

The National Magazine 
Company: Mr Gordon Nixon 
becomes director, circulation 
from December 1. 

Save & Prosper Sales: Mr 
Christopher Wiscarson be- 
comes managing director, and 
Mr Michael Thorpe deputy 
managing director. Mr 
AJasdair Mackintosh and Mr 
Brian Fanner become direc- 
tors. Mr Dennis Craig be- 
comes manager, Edinburgh 
branch, and Mr Arthur 
Herbertson manager, New- 

Lee Spring: Mr Stephen 
Newell has been made manag- 
ing director. 

Index International: Mrs 
Marjorie Greene is made asso- 
ciate director. 

Heathrow Airport Miss 
Katherine Howard becomes 
director, finance. 

SCA Pulp Sales Inter- 
national: Mr Rodney Clarke 
has been made UK sales 

Mowlem Management Mr 
Herb Nahapiet becomes a 

Fisher-Price Toys: Mr 
Barry Harding is made sales 
director, and Mr Peter 
Uttlewood marketing director. 

John Laing Construction: 
Mr John M Allen. Mr Philip 
K Rees. Mr Jon Rushton and 
Mr Michael H T redwell be- 
come assistant managing 

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If you’ve ever puzzled over the name! 
U-BiX, we’d like to put you in the picture 

For years, we’ve been known as makers off 
the most reliable copiers in the business, but you”: 
probably don’t know about our new range ofM 
office equipment M 

Fax machines, word processors, personal ! 
computers, and electronic filing are now as much ! 
a part of our business as photocopiers. : J 


That’s why we decided it was high time we- 
changed our name 

So from October 1st, we’ll be known as;: 
Konica Business Machines. J 

Now you might be wondering what Konica f 
(more famous for their cameras) have to do with; ■. 
U-BiX, and office equipment 

Well, quite simply, both Konica and U-BiX; 
share the same parents. A company called? 

Konishiroku. 5 


After years of working alongside each other^ 
contributing and swapping ideas, it seemed silly§ 
not to use die same corporate identity f 

After all, both sides have made significant" 
breakthroughs in their s imilar fields. 

Konica for instance, developed and 
produced the world’s first ‘through-the-lens’ 
automatic exposure SLR camera. They also 
produce their own high quality colour film. 

And together with our background in 
consistently excellent copiers, we are about to 
launch a revolutionary new frill colour copier 

Of course this is only one part of our 
extensive range of office equipment, which 
includes high quality products right across the 

Understandably, we’re quite proud of our 
new identity and to celebrate, for a limited period, 
we’re giving away a free camera with every new 
photocopier or fax machine. 

So to complete the picture, just fill in the 
coupon below and we’ll send you the new Konica 

35mm Konica colour 


F Konica Business Machines (UJK.) Ltd* 6 Miles Gray Road, T 2flf 1 ®| 

Basildon, Essex, SS143AR. I 

L Tel; Basildon (0268) 27872 or dial 100 and ask for Freefone Konica U-BiX. i 
I Fax:(0268)26030. ' j 

| rd like to join the name change celebrations. Please send me a brochure | 
i and free Konica 35mm. colour film. 










3 . 

daily prize money stated. If yon are a 
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A guide to 
career choice 

The pull of private enterprise 

This week Beryl Dixon 1 
continues her report on 

the graduate enterprise * 
programme looking at , 

the individual success of : 
those who have already ( 1 
embarked on this highly 1 ; ] 
challenging new scheme ! s 



f fifiTTiNCi ON A BlHtl 

N056 otf 
OLD - 

- . 5 * i i ^ ^ ^ 

CloThesIn Ed^uitth°She h tn *£. at tiroes. A small part’ of his unreliability of other businesses. Twice 

iSric ij fiS? 1 *2? iSShStESfiS working capital was spent on headed she has been let down by transporters 
like so manv brieht studHJw? everything else went towards who foiled to deliver her wines even 

awavfrom artcoSece 1“?® ? 1S on *** TOad - Canvassing though she bad bought them in France 

— to read ohiitKnlS^ SS ■JJ’TSilSj * or . trosoess was done partly by phone and arranged shipment well in advance. 

flfaS “* m l*™* She has hid to risfa to London and buy 

idea, and was planning to gain expert! \ fK ^ I ^ drew ** med *? cap** 3 ^ on the foct ™ t ^J^wi5^L S0UrCeS “ *° 

once hv wnrlrino fnr \ that large comnanies have been clnsme meet her Obligations. 

cnee by working for soraeoneelse, when \ 3“* iai 8 e companies have been dosing 
she saw the Stirling graduate enterprise iS 01 ” 1 their transport departments in 
programme advertised. favour of subcontracting, and set out to 


'»* «taWished haulage firms to sob- 

Selection was stiff. The first interview 
with a panel from the local business 
community was difficult; the final one in 
Edinburgh more so. “I ended up 
shouting at one point, and was surprised 
to get through." 

JWhat did the programme give her? 
“Positive encouragement," she says. 
"For die first time 1 met people who did 
ool say “go and get an ordinary job’. 
When a difficulty arose, I was helped to 

contract work to Aim. Last year he said: 
“I seriously underestimated the problem 
of raising finance and at one point 
.thought that I would never get a truck on 
the road. " Now he is able to say: “I never 
expected to get a second truck on the 
road so quickly." 

Julia S taniland Is still storing of 
wine “all over the house,” but hopes 

find another way out. I gradually saw the soon to have her own premises. She is 

future growing in front of me. The two 
crucial things were the help with my 
business plan and in raising finance." 

Catriona began with an overdraft for 
50 per cent of her capital and a family 
loan for the remainder. She has been able 
to lease her own shop, but has had to 
start by producing a smaller range than 
planned. And. most importantly has 
already had to learn to modify some of 
her original ideas according to the 
demands of the marker Her selling point 
is that she designs her own clothes by 
[ employing outworkers, but makes up 
some herself, and is able to offer an 
individual service to customers. She is 
now in a position to expand her ranges 
and has already paid off the family loan. 

Ah graduates start in a small way, 
usually saving their capital for essentials 
and economising in other ways. Andrew 

and 20 people over the next five years, 
but when he set up his road haulage 
traction service, Dockspeed, be operated 
h as a limited company and employed 
nobody else. Based at his parents* home, 
he bought a truck, arranged to rent a 
parking space well away from residential 
areas, and apart from some help from his 
mother who agreed to take phone calls in 
his absence, worked very long hours. He 
did everything himself: administration, 
publicity and driving — sleeping in the 

importing wines from Bordeaux to sell in 
her florae area of Bedale, North York- 

All GEP candidates must be. 
prepared to teething trouble 

All three are grateful for the skills the 
Graduate Enterprise Programme taught 
them, and despite teething troubles and 
initial difficulties are dete rmin ed to cany 
on and to expand. But what of the 
Programme selectors? What do they 
expect from applicants? 

Professor Bums of Cranfield is quite 
clear. “Personality,” he says. “We can 
work on the idea — help to improve that, 
but not on the person. Successful 
entrepreneurs have three things in 
common: drive, commitment mid a 
rugged personality. That is the vital 
combination needed to go out and make 
things happen.” “Although we are dearly 
looking for a good business idea too" he 

prepared for teething trouble 

~ which commenced on September 5 has 
shire. Unlike Andrew and Catriona who. 76. Each year's publicity attracts about 
had ideas about their future careers- 200 applicants. The feeling from the final 
before university, Julia did not consider selection panel is however that the 
either the wine business or seffemptoy- quality of this year's applicants is even 
meat until her third year at Durham, better '-mainly because the first time the , 
Here m the course of studying French counsellors who first interview students | 
and Russian, she vent some time at and advise them whether to proceed with , 
Bordeaux university and met some local their applications were not too sure of 
wine growers. the standard required. 

and Russian, she vent some time at 
Bordeaux university and met some local 

Canfield helped her enormously, she 
says, not only by leaching her everything 
sire knows about running a business, but 
allowing her to make contact with 
potential clients when die provided the 
wines for the end of course dinner 

UhlVIlUVU UJ UiUUOUUU afjuuouia. VUC UI 

her most valuable aspects has been the 
after-care and support from accountancy 
firm Arthur Andersen. 

Julia used her market research period 
to visit eveiy restaurant and wine bar in 
the area, and has found other diems 
through word of mouth after supplying 
wines for local functions. She is at 
present experimenting with wine tasting 

AS GEP graduates have to expect 
setbacks. Julia’s problem has been the 

Paul Burns was hoping for an alloca- 
tion of 100 places for the a utumn 1987 
programme. Last week the MSC not only 
agreed to fund that number, but also 
suggested a Business Enterprise Pro- 

_ _ g- -t i I I tu;. ni 

be a different, slightly shorter scheme, 
aimed at graduates whose ideas are more 
appropriate for selfempioyment than for 
the Graduate Enterprise Programme, 
designed to encourage graduates ul- 
limatdy to employ others. Cranfield has 
agreed to take the scheme on board, but 
mil now be hoping to attract 400 
applications from students due to gradu- 
ate in 1987 to fill both pro gram mes. 

Publicity material is being sent out 
now to higher education institutions. 



Applications am invited for the following posts: 

1. ASSISTANT REGISTRAR rasponsfcto for a range 
of dittos tepefy concerned with the Faculty of Sci- 
ence. The appointment wffl also involve work of a 
general University nature. Candidates should be 
graduates and should have had previous sdmMs- 
trarive experience preferably in a University. 

sions oftoe concerned with undergraduate and 
poetgraduata admissions. Candidates should be 

- an. advantage. 

Satary for Post 1. wB be on the Administrative 
Grade II scale: 

£12£8Q - £15.700 px and tor Post 2. wM be on the 
Administrative Grade 1A scale: £7.055 - £12.780 pia. 
according to quafiBcatkxts and experience. 

Further particulars may be obtained Jrom the Senior 

Assistant Registrar (Mr HA. ***), The University, fi 
Kensington Tenace, New c a st le upon Tyna NE1 7TO. 
with whom applications (3 copies- nricattag torwWch 
Dost application is being made}, together with the 
names and addresses of three referees, should be 
lodged not later than 12th November 1986. 

! University of Warwick 

Professor of Education 
(Education and Industry) 

Apptmmts are Invited Fur a new Professorship 
to to* Department of Education, hi the new -rf 
Education and Industry. The Professor wiU also 
Damme Ure flrsi Director o( toe newly estota* 
ashed Centre for Education and industry which 
has been Formed wflhln the Department In asso- 
ciation with the Institute of Education. 
Candidate* must have a keen appreciation of the 
AMHfunffiWs for work on the interface between 
winniiiB and industry. Salary to the profes- 
goriM rang*, current mfntotuxn £19.010 (under 

AppBcanon* <3 copies) to toe **&*?*- *££££ 
tty of Warwick. Coventry CV4 W. tP*wne 

0309 »3*aT> iwm wh ««S lt 2!f r 
may oe ohtatofd. otsottog Ref. No- li/A/86/J 
(please mark ctaarbr). Closing date for appilca- 
aec* tt I0fe November J966- 




Applications are invite d far an SERC funded 
three years from 1 September 1987 or earlier if 
convenient to work on studies of the large-scale 
structure in the Universe. An interest in Cosmol- 
ogy, the formation, structure and cta st erin g of 
galaripg. stellar dynamics or numerical ahmda- 
tions would be desirable. ‘Iheoreridans and 
observers alike are encouraged to apply. 

Initial salary up to £9,495 pa. on Range 1A phis 

Applications (3 copies) naming three referees and 
mduding a statement of research interests should 
be sent (quoting reference P3) by I December 
1986, to the Registrar, Science Laboratories, 
South Road, Durham DHl 3LE, from whom 
further particulars may be obtained or contact 
Dr. C&- Frank, Department of Physics. 


De partmen t vf Ceagfirt aid iPcr a M e l agy 

There exists a newly created post for a cfinical 
cytogemicist in the Medical Genetics Laboratories at the 
University Medical School, ForestetuU, where cSagrastic 
cytogenetic services are carried oat for the Grampian 
Health Board. Tbe successful applicant wifl be framed in 
all aspects of eftracai cytogenetics indodmg prenatal 
diagnosis. Every encouragement vffl be given towards I 
obtaining the Diploma in Cteucal Cytogenetics of the 
Royd College of Pathologists (DjpftCPath). 

Appfcants should bold an appropriate science degree. 

Salary £7.055 - £1Q£65 per annum, on the Range IB 
Scale for Other Related Staff farter review). 

Further paracutefs art application forms tronr- 
T he Personnel Office, 

The University. 

Regers Walk. 

Aberdeen AB9 1FX 

with whom applications (2 copies) should be lodged by 
14 November 1986 (Ret No ER/046). 



Applications are invited for a Char of Law. The 
vacancy arises from the retirement of Professor 
JCSmdh at the end of the presort session. The 
appointment is not confined to any particular 
field of Law. 

Salary within the professorial range. 

Further particulars and operation form 
returnable not later than 24 November 
1986 from the Staff Appointments Officer, 
University of Nottingham, University Park, 
Nottingham NG7 2RD. Ref No 1075. 



Apphcsbons are nvtaf lor me Oar of Gennai from can- 
daJatBs wtfi a dstifnpashad wad n research zrt sebotir- 
stap and the rapacay lot leadership in the Department. 
Faculty of Arts and Social Sconces and University as 
a whole. 

Further partedars and ap pb eg oo hxms tan The Peracn- 
m 3 Office. The Umeraty. Aegert Waft. Aberdeen ASS IPX 
wth whom wfcaons {2 topes) should be lodged by 
12 December 1966 &d NeEptt). 



Price Waterhouse Chair of 
International Business Taxation 
Tenable at Queen Mary College 

The Senate invites applications for the above Chain The Price Waterhouse 
Professor will be responsible for developing and directing a teaching and 
research programme in international business taxation within the Centre for 
Commercial Law Studies, a Department of the Faculty of Laws. Applicants 
should have a record of scholarly writing in tax law and an existing interest in 
international business taxation or a willingness to move into this field. 

Applications (10 copies) should be submitted to the Academic Registrar; 
Senate House, Malet Street, London WClE 7HU, from whom further 
'particulars should first be obtained. 

The closing date for application is 28 November 1986. 

Centre for Commercial Law Studies 

The following newposts are available within this expanding Centre, which is a 
Department of the Faculty of Laws. 

Senior Lectureship/ 

Lectureship in Intellectual Property Law 

For this post expertise in one or more areas of Intellectual Properly Law is 
required Additional interests in related areas, in particular; information 
technology competition or media laws would be advantageous butnotessentiaL 
The successful applicantwiU be a member of the Intellectual Property Law 
Unit, directed by Professor Gerald Dworldn, which provides a range of courses 
in InteDectualPropertyLawforundergraduate and postgraduate law students 
and for certificate and postgraduate diploma students. Re£ 86/98. 

Herchel Smith Senior Research Fellowship in 
Intellectual Property Law 

To develop aresearchprogramme on a particular topic in Intellectual Properly 
Law (preferably in the area of patent or trademark law) under the direction of 
Professor Gerald Dworirin, and to make a limited contribution to teaching in 
the Centre’s Intellectual Property Law Unit Ref 86/99. 

Lectureship in Law 

Applicants should have knowledge in one or more of the foil owing fields oflaw; 
insurance, marine insurance, competition, shipping. Re£ 86j/100. 

Far application forms and further details of any of the above three posts, 
please write to the Assistant Personnel Officer; Queen Mary College, Mile End 
Road, London El 4NS and quote the appropriate reference number Closing 
date for application is 10 November; 1986. 



Temporary Lectureship 

Applications are invited for a Temporary Lec- 
tureship in Economic and Social History for one 
year from 1 October 1967. or such other date as 
may be agreed- The vacancy arises from Professor 
Peter Clark’s leave of abience daring the acade m i c 
year 1987-6. Candidates be working on the 

eariv modem period, and p r eference w3I Be given 
to those with an interest in British urban history. 

Tiritwl salary will depend on «| n»Kfjr«t»p na «ml 
enyrience on toe scale £8,020 to £15,700 (tinder 

14 November 

be sent on the form 


Faculty of Law and Social Sciences 


Applications are invited for the Chair of Eco- 
nomics in the Department of Economics, which 
becomes vacant with the retirem ent of Professor 
J R Parkinson, Head of Department, at the end 
of the present session. 

•Salary -within the professional range; 

Further particulars and application forms re- 
turnable not later than 15 December 1986 from 
the Staff Appointments Officer, University of 
Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 
2RD. Ref No 1071. 

University Librarian 

Applications are invited from anrabty qualified and 
e x perie nc ed candidates for this post whiemfi fall vacant 
a 1987, on thfc retirement of Mr. j. R. Barker, MA, 
FJ_A- The salary wiD be within the pr ofes so ri al range. 

Further particulars from and applications whh ClV. (8 
copies) and the names of three referees to. 

The P e rsonn el Officer, 

The Un iver si ty, 

Dundee DD1 4HN. 

Please quote ref EJS.T-/5/86/T. 

Gosmg date 14th November, 1986. 

The LuverhulmeThist 


l/i I H ta : 



Awards of opto £5X00 in petaow emerienoed in their own field 
pursuing their own investigations (but not higher deg r ee s or 
cqai valent). 

Avoids tenable for 3 months to 2 years. No subject of enquiry 
grinded. Ap pl ic an ts most have been ed n at ad in the UJC-oroiho- 
pari oT i he rommooMahh and be normally resident in the li.K. 
Appli cati on farm F2A Oosor date Thursday. 13th Nowhai 


UnMtsn 1 of Kilos 


university of 




The University proposes to 
appoint an Assistant Direc- 
tor wfmin the Department 

of Extra-Mural studies fol- 
lowing the retirement of 
Mr- F. W. Wallbw on 31 
July. 1907. Applications 
are invited from pawns 
with good academic aualtfl. 
cations and prefwaMy with 
considerable' experience of 
University continuing 

The post carries the salary 
and status of a UnKereity 
Senior Lecturer. The 
present salary scale Is 
£14470 to £18.625 per 
annum (under revtawj. 

Abdications (With the 
names of three referees) 
should be sent not later 
than 21 November. 1986 to 
the Registrar and Secre- 
tory. University of Bristol. 
Senate House. Bristol BSB 
1TH from whom further 
particulars should be ob- 
tained (Quoting reference 



The College mvHesappikatibns from suitably 
qualified candidates, tor toe following Junior 
Research Fellowships all of which are tenable 
from 1st October 1987. 

The Fellowship winch is open to men and women, is for 
research bt the field ot French language and Sttratnre, 
.arctiteefere, at history, music and phtfosopty. Candidates 
must to grammes who are {assets ol one ot the countries or 
TOTtones of the British Commonwealth or the Republic at 
ire] and. 


The Feftwsbtp which is open to men and women, is for 
research m the feM of M a ftemaks or the Sciences and 
candidates must tie in their second or subsequent year of 
research. Candidas registered for Doctorates at other 
Uraversdies are ehgfofo. 

Further patjeutos ot the Feflowsfcps msy be obtaned from 
foe College Secretary Bid Respsnar. a. Anne's College. 
Oxford. DX2 BBS to whom app fi c ati o n s should be seat to 
reach her not tatei than 12th December 1986. 



St. Catharine's College Cambridge 
Research Fellowships 

llto Gowraig Body of St Ctfaoe’s College mbs luptatiora tram 
ima womm Cor ettuoa to to u awe Resaws hsmstos, (mue 
rastndwj as to so tees tram 1 Dcatw 1907 tn One yen. 
flflgspKt m aso rawed te a Bitty fesradi Feuowsbra teraWe tram 
1 Qcwto 87 tor ttree yeas whet) sWl be e a attjeo or f*M ol ouoy 

S«B mtatry or commerce, wm oratemee Pe ng gwm t o toa 
ttsmfcw of ecanotBA tegntam. or natural (agree. danSfctes *ws 
toorrtHBs ot a tnwsoy and utter any jwra of agami Ocuur 
1985. The dung da ta appficacBs s 6 Nwmter 1B8& 

Further (metes ora tet&t ham On Secretary taTfis Rsocft 
ft flow im i Cmnpttagi a St Cdum's Coflege, tartrtge C82 irl 
( 0222) 338250. 


The Governing Body of this independent Catholic 
Girls' School invites applications for the post of 


to take op the appointment on 1st September 1987. 
There are 350 girls in the school between the ages of 
3 and 18, of whom 275 are in the Senior School, 
including 60 m the VI th Form. The school has a 
small number of weekly boarders. 

Great importance is attached, to the development of 
each girl and there is a wide range of extra-curricular 
activities. There is a strong academic record and 
most Vltb Form students go on to university. 
Further details are available from the Bursar, Holy 
Child School . Sir Ham ' ’s Road, Edgbaszou, Birming- 
ham B1 5 2 UR- Telephone 021 440 4524 to whom 
tetters of application, together with a fhD CV. and 
the names, addresses and telephone numbers of three 
referees should be submitted. Closing dale 21st 
November 1986. 

The RcyaJ IfitttwyCoyeg® irf Spence, Stwfvanftam, Oarorrishim, is •major 

faculty of the CranfMd Institute of Technology std the basra for the nawf)F 
formed Centra of Infor mat i on Technology — mo largest hi the UX. The 
RMCShas excellent teaching and r aa earct i feciBties and v ery rioseBnka 
with Government R ft D laboratories and the defence industry. 


Centre of Information Technology 

The Institute wishes to appoint a Professor ir. thearea of Infarmanon Technotegy 
who will also hotel the post of Chatman of me Cranfieto Centre of Information 

Yarn beexpected to provide the academic leadership to develop the IT Cecbe. 

weldino together the CBnUB^components on both me Shnvenham and Crant-ekJ 
Campuses and providing a cohesive academic poGcy on me enabling aspeas 
oMT Leadership in developing the iBlfflonship between the IT Centre and me 
rtewiy formed IT institute at Milton Keynes wdl also be pan of the task. 

YouH also beexpected to promote Cranfieid's IT teaching and research 
in Government, industry and overseas and to estabiori a systems approach to 

teacNng and research within the broad fields oHT 

You’re therefore likely either to be working m a University or possibly m rtfcstry 
or a Government R & D estabfishment and tootang for the greater freedom tor 
development that Cranfteid offers. 

The post is based A the RMCS, Shnvenham. with a salary of c £30.000 p a 

for Anther details ptoase contact: Head of Psreonnal Services, CranfWd 
Institute of Technology, GnMMd, Bedford MK430AL, United Kingdom. 
Telephone Bedford (Qz34) 750111 axL 3330 or 3336 quoting reference CCIT. 
Ctoafng date for receipt of appffcattons 28th Nov em ber. 



Cranleigh School wishes to appoint Heads of the 
following three Departments 
BIOLOGY (September 1987) 
GEOGRAPHY (September 1987) 

SPANISH (January or April 1987) 

Further details may be obtained from the 
Headmaster. Cranletgh School Cranleigh. Surrey 
GU6 8QQ (tel. 0483 273997). 

Applications with c.v. and the names and ad- 
dresses of two .referees should be submitted not 
later than 8 November. 

Royal Military College of Science 



Tire Governing Body of this independent Catholic Girls' 
School invites applications for the post of 

Sixth Form College. 

A flying start to a career as an officer 
In theAnspS technical corps. 

Applications he the September 1987 
intake dose an December 1 st 1986. 

Boys should be between 16 and YPh 
years old at time of entrv. 

" 0 

Applicants should have, or expect to 
obtain, 5 good *Cf level passes (or equiva- 
lent) including Maths, Physics, En glish 
Language and ideally Cbemistry. 

For further details and a prospectus, 
please contact The Principal, Dept G622 
Wdbeck College, VVorkmp^Notts S803LK 

Army Officer 


Evening Courses 

Japanese Art 
(Jan. 14th-March 18th 1987} 
20th Century British Ait 
(Jan. 15th-March 19th 1987) 

The Avant Garde I900-1P60 

(April 23n2-June 25th 1987) 






Refreshments and a glass oFwinft 
will be served after each lecture 
lor further information please c o n tact: 
Christie^ Fine Arts Course, 

63 OldBrompton Road, London swr sis 
Tel: 01-581 3933 


The damsnd for th* MMd nan or womp CM repedM lift 


io take up the appointment on 1st Sep tem ber 1987. 

There are 350 girls in the school between the ages of 3 
and 18. or whom 275 are in the Senior School indudizig 
80 in the Villi Form. The school has a small number of 
weekly boarders. 

Great importance is attached to the development of each 
girl and there is a wide range of exua-cxnricular activi- 
ties. There is a strong academic record and most Vltb 
Form students go on to university. 

Further details are available from the Bursar. Holy Child 
School Sir Harry's Road. Edgbaston. Bi r m ingha m B15 
2UR. Telephone 021 440 4524 to whom tetters of appli- 
cation. together with a fir It C.V. and the names, 
addresses and telephone numbers of three referee s 
should be submitted. Closing date 21st November 1986. 


IN 1987? 



t n aw* i‘i i in 
w> MWe 



Secretarial, Satiate add 

language Gwnat . 

Void Pv&Gtnot-. ' ■ 

English br Osman 
S tud mm 

Resident 4 Oar 

TheRccaarartro ' 
2 ArhwngheraHL 
TekphOdc: 01 OS 



ENTRY: 8$c - 3‘0's and 2 Grade E. 
LLB -3 “0’s and 2 'AS Grade D (grade E in 1987) 



Full Time, Port Time or Correspondence 

LO\DOM.V14 9R\ Til: OI-.TS5 ;t;i77 ^ 


Required, for January 1987, an experienced and weB 
qualified graduate m a thematician to be head of de- 
partment and lead a team of 6, teaching to G.C.S.E, O. 
and AO. Levels. AMity to teach computing coukJ be an 
advantage. WhSst it is hoped to make an appointment 
in January, cancfidates unavailable until later should 
not be deterred from applying. Salary: Btanham scale 
with Surrey weighting and Government superannua- 
tion. Applications by letter. Including full c.v„ names, 
addresses and telephone numbers of 2 professional 
referees, to the He a dmi s t re ss. St Maur*s Convent 
School Thames St, Weybridge. KT13 8NL 

The Princess Helena 
College for Girls 

Temple Dmsley, Preston, Hitchin, SG4 7RT 
Tel: (0462) 32100 

Required alter Half Term: a resident Assistant 
Housemistress. Opportunity to teach M a them ati c s or 

or Dance, and teachers, either resident or local 
Brass Instruments and of Computers. Applications to 
the Headmaster, giving tel no„ if any, and naming 

1. 2 ate 3 TERM COURSES 

Unsdoaoc mna ttffirr yoa mm 
am poa traaMBU! seoewi 
Our sal tstan mbs » vtt 

Qiwy q/ COBfOttCOi lUl CBVSCS 

■ i iawa M i mutfwnwH . art 
teadwi npeimt m Ban es 
axanong mil 


The Vbcahorat Gudance 

e OC3E cease s ete c ti one 
• caeer notching for 
school and whranlty taevem 
e cMMrdMtapoMnt 
e ottocacser change snd 
redu ndan cy 

Ctwaaa from (ha moat 
comprehanatva ranga a 
enw wrth ma bignest 
scrapted ■tandantiaadng to 
too oppartufHbas worMvlda 

FUB Tma and Evanaig 
Comes (conwnance January) 
ouKSeOMnia study 
Hjng.wrMa wcalftr 
w raww 

Cm— rer. Dew T. POM 3. 
Sudbury. Suffolk. 00*0 «ow. 
TH 10804) um 



Sixth Form Places 

Applications arc invited on behalf of 
boys and girts wishing to enter the 
Sixth form at The Leys in September 

* Awards and Assisted Places are 

* Examination and interviews wiU - 
lake place during November 

Prospect us and Anther details freon 
The Headmaster. The Leys School 
Cambridge CB2 2AD 

TeL 0223 355327 




Or famiy business is tooting tor someone «kb style, dsnn ant sense id 
t wnar toa ra ter a my smaB tern of h^poimd wautoes In 


A tamtadgt ol grad food s toiporonL but you do not nod any out 
teepomn or roafificaora because your maw. presence 8 camarrt- 
cabvr shBs will be even more nwmt ttan catena attty. 

We hope to find someone who udi uitegrete A cere lor ore cfenfa teem, 
and ensure tfw weS-bemg a all tines. 

The bows menrisapewhheMcfWay a Frehy.8/(S an to L45po), art , 

the salary wV be area. SSjQOO. 

Please wile to: flussoa Sate. Brian Srett Cakrtag Senfccs IM, SaHe 
525. 29-30 wm* Street tmdon W1R SHDTnctadng pen— 

Rw he yen emeruon «■ a - e 
KSOvM fa) etc* Mb nurewve 

msv «P«K* to Wes £no outre 

cornua* (lOSOO-EIIOOQM* pefc 
f»«rk shobder P— lOodoctu 
60— 014Q2 ture 


<Mnv ctmm Otoonmv to leva 
W aspects at ana Smug srvy 
£5«0*-— s **0>y n me 10 
a dare 6 adod OMffi 0*TE 

i llWWW woman. Exp arrow 
unrv. . aroprrty 

UKdlng/man—inral ireta pan 
Inf CUy Uluibon. Ol 947 

nucw/en ni M I naUonM 

work werw rer . b* 
finor. Mr RMn Ol 906 1638. 


An opportunity has arisen 
for two trainee brokers 
aged 23-30 to build a suc- 
cessful business within 
the financial field. High 
earnings during training, 
rising steeply with 
opportunity to enter 

Call Wayne Boudrie 
on 01-409 0878 

■OPM ARBS atlnra for touna px- 
pon ranununkator wishing la 
make a caw! Sound resinm 
barkarourHl. good work rtcnnl 
and aMIUy to nvoouatr mam- 
lial IM ciau parkaor Ptranr 
now ror an Informal (Huistian 
Ol SBO 6378 days/01-940 

4329 nn 

NECOTiATOR reauraa lor our 
MimVuil Safa / Rental Irani 
MuA tw »'nam( Mm working 
35 35 Eapcnrmv rssrmiai 
Must iw car owner APPtv In 
MTiliim IO Ooratstu CtmUn- 
Unr. 270 Cork Court Road. 
London 8*W5 94S 


NAmrr/QOVEMNESS £110 pw 
nd Onlral London. ira\H 
abroud Eaton Bureau 01 997 

amml for new East Malaysian 
RnMauranl opralnd soon in 
NoiUi Lomfcni Contact Mr on 01 241 501 1 

SIVXS. Uwr than average (err 
house. OMr iwbL Ui/bmUji 
rm. master Bed wMP dressing 
n* and bath. 3 funner beds. 
2nd barn, rrliar. mature odn. 
£103.000. Tel 01-338 1296 


BEDSIT room/rtudlo/notBM/nat 
ed all areas for prates vonatt & s 
I mined occupation. Sun hr 9 9a 

MESPOHSmUE prison with dm 
<n« Itmnre rruudred Io lets 
worklno poinib wilh house 
.inti two v hoof rMIdrai Week 
<Uvr I 7 pm in Lmulon ks. TH: 
Ol 340 1909 uilrr 4.00 pmi 

35+ Iramed A nsnwiwd. Top 
fewram For one Nine p onc e 
Eaton Bureau Ol 997 3039 

TOKYO nanny recurtred for 8 
children C440 monthly, fares 
ftud m Staff CnitMlUnh. Af- 
<mM IH. 0258 3159^9 

WBflun LaiNDT An Ran Bu 

iiwi oMrrv m/Mp< doriM. ad 
tocein stall t K A 0,mm 
Au Pan >\ornre Ltd 87 Reoml 
M lonnon W I Ol 439 oui 

CHALET fWtll required for wm 
IPT wngn mini tie qualified 

rooks 0»rr 20 years of aoe Tei 
0342 37878 

OVOlSCAS au pair apmey 87 
Reueni Sired. London W1 TH 
439 o&M UK/Ornwn. Also 
m helps/dams letno/penn 

ARTS GRADUATE 34 partner in 
wrrWul PR mmuRanry Out 
with ae a demir kannp and 
■MMug npertmer seel* sal 
isfvinq part lime comnusHoo. 
Ol 8e7 0028 oilKV 

HOUSE m OU D Younp man «»* 
seek* position for 9»r»en«l 
houwnoM dunes in the CoMa 
del Sol area, ihve ini drHmg Ir 
nwr Wtthlng io I earn 
Spanish TH (0522) 722388 

MEMSA MEMBER freelance I me 
nw designer. Droaa manet/dd 

and rnauaqemenl experience, 
seeks g I work wllliin propens 
iHHntss Julie Smith 01 561 

match sHlers with buyers. To 
sell or bay TH 01-368 0685. 


MG MIDGET -69 comertlbie. 
Bn ton Racing Give... orspuvtf 
n ilenor meqa Stereo, perfect 
working order. £1.100 Tel 01 
840 8488 idayl 


To Place Your 

Classified Advertisement 

Please telephone the appropriate number listed below 
between 9 a.m and 6 p.m. Monday to Friday, 
or between 9.30 a.m and 1.00 p.m on Saturdays. 
Private Advertisers 
0! 481 4000 


Me recdea Bent main 
dealers. Underwriters for 
late and W mileage 

ON 0708 23511. 
0245 442172 

EXECUTIVE P jVo £13,000+ 

As P.A. to the Senior Partner of one of the 
City’s leading firms you will be involved 
in all aspects of running a highly success- 
ful international business. 

You will attend and chair management 
meetings, liaise with client^and contribute 
your ideas on PR and marketing matters. 

This is a truly demanding position requir- 
ing someone with an impeccable track 
record who is used to a high degree of 
responsibility at senior level. 

City experience preferred. 

Age: 30-40 Skills: 100/60 


C 0 M P A N ' Y TEL 01-831 1220 


Numerate PA wSh French 
mother tongue for smafl 
PiccasSiy office of French 

Whisky Galore 
£ 8,000 

Lots of initiative and the ability to work 
unsoperrised are key qualities for this 
world trader, ^forking closely with two 
dynamic mana g ers you will help to co- 
ordinue and promote marketing, advertising 
and PR for an internationally renowned 
brand. Confident shorthand/ typing is 
essential , as is team spirit and a bright, 
bubbly approach. Age 19+. For further 
details please telephone 01-493 5787. 




Ride success aH the way in dtis mega- 
company where skyward ca r ee r s happen 
fast Their Cr e at i v e Director is brQlianL 
debonair; utterly dunning - and in need 
of a very bright PA. Immersed totally in 
creative TV advert isin g, design and pro- 
motion you will enjoy a central role and 
prospects of early advance into production 
work. Shorthand, super typing and Hvrty 
approach requested. Please call 01-493 5787. 


henremm CcamJani* 

contracww group. Sahiy 
EtOOTO-K Details 
Premium Secretaries 


c. £ 10 ,000 

Inten re waUfayWr Co. reuUrea 
Mportwe PA to auto Ngfi ty- 
ing o*c AMty to regase anti 
Mrk on wm nftftwo with good 
seme ot bwnow. Exc wmtey 
conrtOon md pert® ntterad. 
Deals 0i-4»g»4 Stow MBs 
(Ree Conti. 

Birth. Marriage and Death Notices 01 481 3024 

Birth and Death notices may be accepted over the telephone. 
For publication the following day please telephone by 1.30 pm. 
Marriage notices not appearing on the Court & Social page may 
also be accepted by telephone. 

Trade Advertisers: 

Appointments 01 481 4481 

Puolic Appointments 01 481 1066 

Property 01 481 1986 

Travel 01 481 (989 

U.K. Holidays 01 488 3698 

Motors 01 481 4422 

Personal 01 481 1920 

Business to Business 01 481 1982 

Education 01 481 1066 

Forthcoming Marriages. Weddings, etc for the 
Court and Social Page 
Cannot be accepted by Telephone 
Please send Court and Social Page notices to: 

Court & Social Advertising. 

Times Newspapers Ltd, 

{.Pennington Street, 

London El 9DD 

Please allow at least 48 hours before publication. Any enquiries 
for the Court & Social page may be made after 1030 a.m. on 
01 822 9953. 

You may use your Access. Amc£ Diners or Visa card. 



WFtl GET YOU urw) in 3 
hon* Doofc wiring ouwies turn 
Cdfi't (ail For ruil melting dr- 
Mud sac to omwkc 

PuMnlBiw. iDrM STL PO Box 
1 1 U*xninM*r HR6 9YN 


|flV Keith 
■w Groves 
<«» floor tor tfeaHor anrar- 
laining ai saiw executive 
lew*. 2 raceps. 4 beds. 2 
battis £ 575 p.w reg. 
FTT2R0Y SO. W1. Began! 3 
stony upper ma teoreOB st 
n attractive Grogan tar- 
race. 2 raceps, kit. 3 beds. 2 
baths, psbo Only £300 p.w 

01 -629 6604 ; ^j 




(SALARY CIRCA £38.000 P.A.) 

This is a demanding post with a progressive 
Regional Council and becomes vacant in February 1987. 
Only persons with considerable management experien ce 
and leadership capabilities should apply. 

Usual local authority conditions on superannuation, 
travelling, removal expenses etc. and J.N,C Conditions 
of Service apply. 

Further details and application forms (to be returned by 
3lst October. 1986) from Chief Executive. 

Central Regional Council, Vfewfbrth. Stirling. 

TH: Stiriing 73111. Exl 223. 

£8,500 p.a. 

International Ma nag ement 

requires a shorthand 
secretary for ttwfar pleasant 
Kingston office. 

Tlw successful apptaant 
be sett-motivated. weH 
organised and nave good 

shorthand and typing skills. 

Knowledge of the Here* 
language an reset 
. but not essential. 

For hnowtSato Interview 
contact CoKn Hannan 
on 01-548 9167. 


Superb opportunity for an Executive PA 

Who m ttrnn nf BmiVbwi fa oik. m 

secretary witti keen business sense and a 
desra to succeed. Genuine prospects for 
career development tor the right person. 

As a first ^towards a brighter future, 
please call Kathy Lowe or Becky Smith on 

0494 712915 


Ojaltoge and variety are 
offeed m this responsible 
POSIWW when worttng fer 
a well known ctefiy. Aba- 
fly to organise courses 
Wher with Qood sh/typ 
are essential. 

20+ £9,500 

Ertrowrt secretary (sh rat 
ess) to work for a design 
town in this W 1 
orBaroation. Must be 
wropaant, proficient and 
have a genuine interest in 
“sgn- Opportunity to get 
out and about ^ 

Bond St Buroau 

(Rac Cons) 

22 Sooth Hotel SL Wf 

623 3692 S2S S$ag 




ftcqmq P<. N u n umy 

bm sbonhnd OKtnial 

Td 01 352 0173 . 

ixicr 'iiMcS MOinDaV OCXOBjcR 2u lyod 



__ requires 

personal assistant 

Circa £16,000 pa 

jgS-SKSS K 3 ' 8 KB £3 3 * 

tfibi pmSwttffiS' 50 " t0 ™ mag0 the toy to d^administrat?on 

aomiy essential 
excellent references required. 

vSf to?* m th * Stlictest confidence enclosing a full Curriculum 

Mrs M McUmock. 

2-6 Catherine Place 
London SW1E 6HF 




£9,000 c - 

iKutotSSSSa “ P™* a good 

the Uy workload dealt 

tnl. Medical Director of tbs prestigious Private Hospital. 

bs an advantage. 

excellent working conditions along with a generous h»~rffr 
■ For further de tail s sod an appli ca ti on form please 

SSmO/OTO^ 0 ™ 1 D ' P ‘- “ 486 "* — ' 

**"“«« Hospital WoifbigloB 

WsUngton Place London NWS 9LE 



l»v«*d (W l*Kr* •* 
W>W| fc» *"»C? !’:r 
i#t ?4finc*v:«r- 

teiHH WfoT:, .• 





Top of the Temporary Tree 

M<ypower temporaries are people on Iheir way up! 
lough, but rewarding, assignments. Jobs where you use your 
skills - and widen them. Free training (W/Ps and PCs) to 
make you a machine all-rounder. Pay and benefits 
to match. 

- • Management Secretaries, automated office skills 

• Senior Secretaries 

Near the top and still ambitious? 

Grab one of our branches... 


Temporary Stiff Special Lsw 

Tel: 225 0505 

24 hour answering service 





company supplying books to unhwsityand research 

Fluency In written and spoken German to mothertongue standard essential A 
ldgh «e*el of or gani z a t i onal end secr et a rial skMs. bdudlng exceHent typing and 
experience In writing own correspondence, is required TraWng in WP provided. 
WO offer varied, intere s ting work in our modem offices in Central London and 
the opportunity to advance into satas/hwkating related areas. 

If you have initiative, the wish to work hand and want to earn an excellent 
income, commensurate with your secretarial experience, please write with full 

Christa ftahUtamitiersley starkmann 

Starkman Library Services Ltd. 

4A Wharton Street, London WC1X 9PX 



m toy »#» ■ 

VOIlWtii * 

unit • i • 

rit f' -u"-- 


4m ***• 

KW • trwtra? n « 


me hfwv a?»> : - 

MireMlh't »'*' 


Cm you commurtcale effectively in 
one or more European language? 
Our rteresting. professional clients 
need lamps with excellent lan- 
guages and secretarial stalls. 

Please cafl (f you would Wte to find 
out more abort using those skills to 
your advantage. 

c. £12^000 pin benefits 

Professional mother tongue stan- 
dard secretary with excellent stalls 
(shorthand and typing) for U.S. 
merchant bank. Superb working 
conditions in fast buzzing atmo- 
sphere for the right applicant who 
will be 100% committed to a vital 
supportive role to charming (and 
desperate) boss within corporate 


International Secretaries 

01-491 7100 


01-491 7100 



m m 5 4 

i*r- ■■ 
§6n wuwrf-*' 5 

H W*** * ' 

***» ' 
hi* ^ ;i ' 




SO - S3 £8J250 

Working in the nlu of- 

fit* of all Star Hotel the 

Mid loot wdeed and 

tarn of dttwtnt people. 
— wiring pfawiwt .ua 
dwlbc with MKprwi 
£3 owr the wrtd. 







Do jih afar ■ job «d 
door with ■ ban who ip- 
pndUH and lutpiki 
yabr effort*? If to you get 
tin phn u excellent wl- 
uy work in* for a partner 
who tavrif e greet dwl ( 
and medv vtaeWM capa- 
ble of bol di n g the fact} 
servicing an International 
clientele. Good aharthasd 
and typing wMntiai aa it » 
sense of humour. 

■ igtlTfll-— * 

«u iiww^v _ . . 

^«r,.r^ & . 

; £ 11,000 

Small American 
bust company based m 
W1 has urgent need 

for senior secretary 

age 25-35. 
Mustime excellent 
shorthand Ayping 

+ knowledge ef WP. 
Ability to work 
Compose own 
correspondence and 
lose with overseas 

Good perks, 
ind. bonus. 

Ckysrracoo i 

Wnt£pd«WMOI p-|. | 

Secretaries Plus 



Ring us for more details 


We require a mature, jdf nodnued afa u ha re r wilfa norflrw 
■ ddUf u take ova Uia imp or m H and maiding 

Bar bread bared aamiia 

mvainucm, nd te drin ca l mming will fa pr ovided at nccet w j. 
Good keyboard ddOt are cnenfaL 

cxpeneacr. nej«iahkiathcli^aofqti«fifiaooa»tnd 

W/iu of uUpkau for mx tppiiLmnmt farm amdjtb dntrifmm nc 

Mr Lester Corp 
Leeds Castle Ememkcs Ltd, 

Nr. Maids t one, Kent 
Tefc (0622} 65400 

Electric News 

to £9^»00 ++ 

Take a short cut straight to the top. Hits is a vastly 
successfol, high-flying company — selling hard, 
newsworthy; high-value information over the wires 
all over the world. Your role as 2nd sec in General 
Manager's office takes you to the centre of things in 
this very dynamic environment Great job. Superb 
career step. Excellent benefits. Skills 100/60. Age 
20+. Please call 01-409 1232. 

Recnatmenl Consultants 


We urgently need someone to take some of the 
pressure off the small team of people manning 
an extremely successful construction company 
specialising in high quality building and 

If you are keen to get on. sensible, and unafraid 
of hard work and long hows call Sharon on 

01 9658808. 


C^I 2,000 

to on of the 
ta this 
tearing CXy company, you 
wabwettBop p or ftn tytp 
become My imoberi n aB 
aspects of paoomeiwak. 

You wifl be expected to as- 
set wA aB the adnmis- 
trabon in this busy 
depwtmera. mdnfing ar- 
ranging rtewiews. tasiag 
with agencies, assisting in 
the pKparatkm of confuo- 
tot doc um e n t a t io n and 
nomtamng varioos com- 
pany records. 

Confidence and ifiscntion 
coopted with a friendly oot- 
goiog oorsonridy wflf eqerip 
you. , for this interesting 
p osit ion. 

Age mid 20*5 
SUts: 90/SO 

01-726 8491. 


c£1 2,000 

Young suocessfal Oredor »- 
qures ntefiged. oumerea 
PA/Soc (25) writ 110/W to 
deal wah both property, ava- 

tDA, Mnwtoii* ) nioyiraig 

nttos n ayq wwBwmenL 

CaHofin Roberts 

c'CSySOO W1 

Est ffaytar property ax seeks 
sec fa assist ctomasg exec 
Ties pesaxm otters way and 
UMdmnent fa chrertnl sac 
aged Z2+ wtt ab«ty to ora- 
myi; sac bse at att kns. 
Detafis 01-499 9274 Stt*e IS 
(Rac Cora) 



Fes’ busy Kariey 
Street practice. 
£9,000 pa 

Can 403 0888 

£16,000 pins 

(High basic A 
very generous 
Due to recent 
expansion small 
friendly Company 
established for over 
30 years in City 
and W/E required 
experienced Agency 
Interviewers to join 




-divisions. Those with 
ability will earn 
£20,000 plus. 

Cal! in confidence 

01-499 9378. 


c. £12,000 pa 
+ bonus 

Ynnqc Monaganmt Conwl- 
uot Mxkai a low of 
strength' 25ah with Rood 
Ivpcu; who is dn mi- 
(Derate apa ahte ta mm l 
will, mfenaulolaon of we- 
imBU. Plenty of room for 
initialise- WP optrh 

cnee useful fadl buwHmb)- 
Eioptni^r (miBv rn*9- 

! — 01-5838807 — | 



- - . f — 


«g po saon tor , wafl 

to Honor mmo- 

Required for West End 
office. Good secretariat 
staBs essential. Competi- 
tive salary with annual 


Telephone Mr Kbosfai 

01—380 1588 

C.£1 1,000 

Superb career tsppcrtwtv with total tavshremem for 
bright personable PA to MD of thriving trading and 
finance company, based in central London. Plenty of 
scops to use your initiative as vital team-mamba’ in 
dynamic, but above all friendly, environment Short- 
hand - accuracy rather to speed. BM WP Mil 
train). Age 26+. Excellent prospects and benefits. 
Please phone Jill Wotton on 01-403 7522/7524. 

Alliance Management Consultants Ud. 


require a responsible person Tor secretarial work on 
Assistive AMs to Communication for Speech 
Impaired people. 

Salary WJC Scale 2-4 (£7.440 - £9,567). 

Job description and application form available from 
the Office Manager. RADAR, 25 Mortimer Street, 
London, WIN 8AB. 

RADAR is an equal opportunities Employer 


A superb new oppor- 
tunity bn arisen to 
join this extremely dy- 
namic & high profile 
c o mp an y. You should 
have sound secretarial 
itfciii^ be ambitious, 
confident, & educated 
to at least ‘A’ level 
standard. Working as 
second assistant to the 
young MJX, you will 
help organise bis im- 
portant lecture tours 
and seminars. Age 
20+ . ,£8^00^9,000. 

of Bond St. 

■a Si (MU tm n Ftaada) 
B-C2S 1S4 




You must look the 
pan to join a team of 
four experienced re- 
ceptionists in a superb 
American legal firm. 
You must be socially 
confident and possess 
an excellent speaking 
voice whilst dealing 
with high prestige 
diems. SUmly tailored 
seasonal suits provided 
together with LV.'s, 
free health cover and 
2 salary reviews per 
annum. Age 25 - 30. 

of Bond St. 

Bacruitoient Consultants 
Ml S5. (tat tar to famM 
CMOS t2S4 

‘ if he gets . on^ y ■ 

■ ttKxetesnps' ■ " 

- . of Bond SC. -j. ‘ 

dk fi ~ 



£ 12,000 

T«> tap poscon lor an (speri- 
eoced SH/PA to wort far the 
Director at the pres&gms 
RxawwrtDonsutEwy. To- 
tally a lm ah n g posdsai Mb 

pterty d op portunsy to 
tJ K i w your o^presamti 
and CMiaiuncatne state. 
Fnemfly. prefesaool aimn* 
remt w tti snptrti twneftts and 

930 8207 



Sophisticated yocng 
s e cret ar y with ini native and 
enthusiasm for lively PR 
company's MD. Deal with 
press releases and 
promotional material. 

Excellent scope for 

Ittn* Sash 
■:< -240 Sill 
Staffplan Rec. Coos. 




qnirad for busy West End 
y. Secretarial skids 

negotiable. Contact Palnca 

01-580 8142 . 

■ r ’ * ... 

■SSSA- • ■ 


Working lor this busy director 
of leadtag training organisa- 
tion - re-write his speeches, 
decide priorities, Efase with 
VIP's. No set rnAne. be pre- 
pared to abandon your desk 
for a ®L trah or ptanaO 
Good seertiarial skfl Is please. 
Cai us now for more 




A numgtnal postem on a 3 to 
4 month tempera* lass when 
the post could become perm, at 
area H&500. Yow Wang & su- 
peresvy emertaice wc help 
you to meet ttn eftanenp 
daw ta ptofl mto a remnling 


J” LI 

UJordPlu sh- 

■ TheWPConsuhants I | 

C £11,000 

ic role 
of top Pub- 
lishers. Very varied work, 
needing diplomatic skills 
and also fast 100+ wpm 
S/H. Pref age 28-45. 



4- 5 weeks hole. 
Senor Exec ut ieafog TV Co 
seeks an experienced shorthand 
sec (80/Sfll. An excel lent noportu- 
nty tor oaasi nvolved n Stias & 
Mraang. An aptdude (or moo 
computers and interest m 
Martet/Moda Research hdotuL 
Good oner praspecte. foe 21+ 
H. Derr 01-734 84» 3871 
Stocfdon Assec Rec Can 

CfifOJflE Kino 

£11,500 + MORTGAGE 

tJoffi one of London's most seating and fastest growing 
ibanks as a dealers' assistant Based on the trating floor you 
twin handle everything from internation al calls to opening 
[new accounts. You'D need ass of energy aid enthusiasm to 
;keep up the pace. Age eariy/rnd 201. 




£ 11,000 

J uin thin Icwfine firm nf rettmh Nwulunu at seere- 
4?" t ! 1 ■ “d «B ManatanR Aouxiale. 
^uull tn fry a b«b depee uf mttact with client* and the 


PfaM telephone Ul-240 3551. 


Elizabeth Hunt 

23 CoSege hH London EC4 

£8,500 PA 

International Marketing: Company moving 
to heart of Bating. Brand new offices. 

Typing and administration duties. Meeting 
and dealing with people at all levels. 

Please contact Wendy Walker on 

01-840 3130 


I fa organize this wefl 
successful apfaom 

__ _ J5, of 

pteuteo appearance, friendly tekpfom manner arKfabJetD work 

atone occaswnaUy with hiteayg. Spaksh an advantage but not 

Bssantw. Salary E9JSD0 pjl Cotfad Hr Spagrol 01-499-6187 




for hectic and varied City practice. Top skills and 
organising ability essential. Salary £10,000 plus 

Telephone 01 626 6732 


Are you experienced and able to sefl luxury apart- 
ments from our West London office. If you can speak 
Spanish a bit it would help. 

For details telephone 01-995 6195. 



Require first class 
secretary fix’ a senior 
partner doing 
commercial work. 
Friendly atmosphere. 
Good conditions. 4 

weeks holiday. 
£9.500 pa. 

Please ring 01 831 6981 
Ref PES 


Dpamc Bond DfecW 
Motmd *i U* <mxM (A U* 
to Bang seeks BWepea. 
artKfcfd PA t*dh shorthand) 
to ts^nse tan and as mte 
0 «iortijB«y to Bto on__ 
nsponoUdyai tajh taeL 25- 
35 rears 

Meredith Scott 

II Rtu Si, Lmdon B04Y IM 

Trt 0I-SM3 10. H/005S 

TO £11^100 

Fteet Snef s an oretteg uter 
U nwk. mrtetearty n He 
admmstrman area tfi a 
krtfsfttixf Gnx®, so flood 
comnaranilons stols, W80+. 
■i *tadv ta deal weft wt as 
they happen B you are 22+ and 

Hoy 5 

d you are! 

' pamoH 

29 Glasshouse St. W1. 

C£11,000 PA 

Wwkmg for Director of 
Se^di/Setection of leading 
Kragtitsbridge Maaganem 
Consultant. This pa atan 
reqitaK tool cmnmitment 
and the ahifity to Raise with 
dients at d levels. 
Sosm Hainan 

33 SI George ST. Wt 
Td 01 499 5406. 

Cl 1,000 

Plus excellent peris, for main 
board Directors PA/Sec. 
Mergers and acqutsdtons. 
Lots of prospects for some- 
one bright, well presented and 
educated to A level Director 
level exp. Sh/typ. 

Age 25 to 35. 

Cafl Mrs ByranflM. 

01 2225091. 
Norma Stamp PenwreeL 
(off St Janes’s Part tube) 


(22-30 YRS) 


For buy rtasonsel Oepamnere 
W 2 Wort mxessoQ euwnmca. 
hm «o M emss tai Dukes kd »v 
ctade oresasng salt tame, unik- 
Iviwo later and ramnng cot* 
deou 1«& AMly to deal « re 
kftb wtt m au nanmi and stall 

essennL Salary E9.000 * benefte 

For further details: 
Veronica Laps 
01 937 6525 


TO £10,000 

Prestigious Merchant Bank 
seeks 1st Class secretaries 
wishing to make real 
progress in their careers. 
Sound *0' level education, 
speeds of 100/50 + WP 
exp. Age range 20-30. 
Mrs May, Acme 

01 623 3883 

£9,000 + PERKS 

Excellent oppor aia iry m work 
for Imcnanonal Cosmetic 
House. To become fully 
involved with product 

«l n«4n|wwnl/wi w lw ing 

pro*, uv Fluent French with 
good skills to develop and set 
op new 5^1014 
Phone Nicole 

01-602 3012 
Staffplan Rec. Cons. 



The Timtt Cbsified 
cohwuu an read by 1-3 
■ifiion of the most alfiwat 
people in the cowntry. The 
loHowing categories 
appear regaterty each 
week mi are geoenlly 
accompaued hy rekvaat 

silssaialaiticfe*. U*e the 
coapoa (^.ihdfifld 
oat how easy, last and 
ecoaomkal it is to 
advertise la The Times 


. Pahtic 

Srfvy> l A p pn«*» T Hw' i t « ^ 


La Crime dehCriae and other 
«er«iriaf appoimmena. 


C aa rpraer Hammae Compeaar 
ApporonnaHB with editoroL 
Legal Aapai a hae a ti. Sohcfloo. 

Commcrcal Lawyers, Lcprf 
Officers, Pn^aiei Pubbc 

Lqpd La C rtae far lop Iqpl 


La Crime de h Crone mto other 
secretarial appointments. 
Property: Residential. Tows & 
Country. Overseas. Rentals, with 

Aatigaes aad GoUectafefa*. 


Geaeni AppetewoHr . 

Management and Exe cu tive 
appoinuncnuwiih editorial. 

La Crone de la Crime and other 
secretarial ippomimom. 


Mature A com pi tie or buyer's 
1 uide with editorial. 

Banaess la Business: Business 
opportunities, franchises etc. 
with editorial. 

Restaamd Caide. (Meathly) 


OvemasMd UK Halidnc 
ViJiu/Conages. Holds. Flights 


Fill in the coupon and attach it to your advertisement, written on a separate 
piece of paper, allowing 28 letters and spaces per line. 

Rates arc: Linage £4-00 per line (min. 3 lines): Boxed Display £23 per single 
column centimetre: Court It Social £6 per line. AU rates sntgeet to 15% VAT. 
Send sk Shirley MargoBs. Group Classified Advertisement Manager. Times 
Newspapcn Ltd* PO Box 484. Virginia Street, London El 9DD. 


Address — . 

Telephone (Daytime). 

.Date of insertion. 

(Please allow three working days prior to insertion date.) 
Use yottr Access, Visa. Aroex or Diners cards. 

*- * 

• a.**;** 





In Goveo* Garden 

Why not make a genuine 
career move? Join the 
consumer team in a suc- 
cessful agency who have 
just promoted their last 
secretary to an account 
handing position. You will 
learn by helping with press 
relations, the sponsorship 
of sports events and by 
getting to known the cli- 
ents. You must have 90/ 
60 skills and an inquiring, 
lively mind. Salary £8.750. 

Giart at 


Another superb opportu- 
nity in a leading Estate 
Agency where they teach 
their young secretaries 
all about property negoti- 
ating and then promote 
those who are ready to 
progress tram the type- 
writer. You'll start with 
shorthand and typing 
(80/50) and a driving li- 
cence would be useful foi 
visiting oroperties. 



Covent Garden 

£ 11,000 

This is a dynamic young 
company which in just a 
few years has pown to 
70 strong. Their creative 
genius is reflected in 
their own fabulous of- 
fices. As PA to the 
Chari man. you will super- 
vise a jisiior secretary, 
deal with clients and han- 
dle interesting company 
Administration. Skills 
100/50. Age 23+. 

^OAK LTfi££ 


.01-379 3515. 

a 01-379 3515. 


■dai (Q -329 3SS 


Do you want more out of a mb ttwi 
fust Deng a 'good antm saoe- 
Ury f Do you have mUBfiw. enthu- 
siasm. the aWty to make dea- 
sws ana take resonsiMtv? Has 
anyone eve gnen you the dance? 
Wbrtnq tot Bus snarl. MtsmtBno 
Mayfw teal estate company you'd 
haw plenty of scope in pi ogress 
and utilise your admit dattv as 
*«0 as team new sMls such as 
compete and wo ooeraums. 11 you 
already have good audio doth and 
wp knowledge - tut SOU want more 

can Monique 

01-734 2567 

St eJUTrvi 




Versatile secretary for 
responsible position m 
small firm. Accurate 
typing and shorthand 


OX 93D 4221/8771 


V.1U1 Monarch nwrwwr A SO 
"pm typing lo vicar* Ihcmpon- 
Mbilllv within ihK young, 
forward Uiinkinq professional 
CM. ro Smart appearance 
r-twnUal Io0«1h«*r with all Ih* 
other reauIrrmonB a position ot 
Dm nature imnuuun. Salary 
f . t,°.0OO qfi 30TM - evcetlent 
b*n*flb> Phw rail Lvn Baird 
On OI 439 3064 1439 0462 24 
hni Fjiihfokl perwmnrt 

SENIOR SEC £10.000 + exc 
perks * flee travel Upm*rfi*t 
Wi property Co seek a welt sun- 
ken. well presented set A 1 A lo 
work (or the senior partner 
Work is involved and requires 
someone who ran cnmmunieale 
weU at aU levels Buss but not 
hiqhlv pressurised word suit 
exo sec 25-45 with excellent 
secretarial skills Call Kale 831 
7572 Klnqsland Peis Cons 


(8.000 * eatty review Orqj 
dim- (onterenrex and seminars 
on behlaf OI Ihw weO Known so- 
ciety ATTSWiqe Uietr proqramme 
of international events irom co- 
ordinating speakers lo llndlnq 
vulMie venues, total involve- 
then i Cl OO a dav luncheon 
v our Iters and salarv review at 
Christmas SO wpm l\pingablll- 
IV needed Please Iftepnnti* OI 
340 35XI/3S31 i W’rsl Cnd> or 
01-240 3561 iCJiyi. EUzabelh 
Muni Wemnimenl Coivaillants. 

COLLEGE Leaver £7.600 - lovely 
III-4 W6 Wiihlh line well known, 
prestigious co They plan, cre- 
ole and nrrwnl exhlhtlions on 
betiaH ol Iheir rhenls As lunlor 
sec to their caring- kindly 
Persvvinel/Avimin Manager tou 
will enwy high «*» inleresl 
while learning about personnel 
.md office admin. Benefits me 5 
weeks IwlUtak Reasonable 
Mvonluml/lypiiiq irguesled. 
Please lei 01 409 1232 

me Work Shop 

M 2ND mbber look no turther* 
This Mayfair Venture Capital 
Co. having acquired a new 
young direclor needs a secre- 
tary with audio and Vv P lo get 
Involved in all ms arUv tiles In 
eludes a (Of of client contact and 
will keep a bfiqiu. cheenul ex- 
Iroven happy learning the 
ropes and rmovmg career op 
port unity c (8.000 ♦ bonus 
and tnnge benefits Joyce 
Cumcss Ol 589 8807/0010 

■Her Corn 

small liaison office m Wl . deal 
I ixj with malar Ik store* . are 
seeking a pleasant a flexible sec 
reury lo assist me Manager ana 
Tin Deputy Very varied and in- 
feresfing dunes In a pleasant 
and friendly- oUlc* Acrurwc 
typing wiin a good level of £-n 
glrsh required. Salary 
negattaMe bui compeinve. Tor 
mute detain Please lei Dav id on 
91 734 1580 Marlborough Em 
trim medl Consutrancv 

NO SHORTHAND £9.500 audio 
sec /PA required in pan her of 
rreallve business mnsutiancv 
They ari as -company donors" 
to businesses in dtslmx In addi- 
tion lo your older admin role 
VOU wifi handle Ctienf liaison, 
meeting* etc Very interesbno 
ton tor nrufc-Monal Ivpp with 
good -people-skills' and mm 
rnand of English. Fasi accurate 
audio lypiro essential. Age 23*. 
Please |el Ol -400 1232 

The work Hhnp 

bnghi w«-B educaled senelary 

10 work wiih v.-ntor aorninoira 
IW Exceptionally varied role 
cov ermo organlsalmn nf events 
liaison wHh VIP trustees amt 
yumon. fund rafNlto: iruerm- 
■tonal promotion some irjv rl 
and attendance al gala lunr 
lioic. Accurate skills i-ssentMl 
■90/50'. Salary £ 7.00 0 Please 
letenhone 01-493 5787 Cordon 
Vales Oonwdiuiw-v 

CIO 000 >nnr role will be ,i 
mis ill linauisl. researcher. |nri 
hnlihr and serreUuv fnr This 
lovHv hoss .him rteunberl as 
a Inn exliovecl cnaracler Lots 
of Luiopean rmilarl .e lhe coni 
pans are leaders in lhe com 
mull rf aboil seixwes In-Id NO 
SHORTHAND Iv pi no 55 wpm 
* MP experience Caroline 
Sum 4PPIS 01 409 J»7<3 


C7 500 negoliafrtr Why- tom- 
mute when you can work local 
Iv lor llus small Irendv film aiul 
record dislnbulmn company 
This e. a new pnstlioii fnr 
\ oitiuc career nimdid sci.rriarv 
with "ini-- pnwKms expeni-m •■ 
8>V 45 skills needed Please Irli- 
tUlCHte 01340 3511/3531 

iWiwl End. nr Ol 240 5551 
■On ■ Llicaliein Him! Rrcrinl 
niml rnnsuitanw 

■oc-Virw In a move min lhe 
Bcrafil leihls and Hie ai lion? 
Look nei Ion her This dynamic 
top n. mu- agency seeks a livelv 
svsllthed Ofl sec in work with 
Iwo vovnec rvirv Lois nf van 
elv preseiilahons. press 

11-leases, ronlcreiir.-* liaiMjn 
wilh cllenls press etc Good Shortnand use- 
till VH- 20. |ef Of 4l»J 
I2K The work Shop 

1 19 000 llileresled in me In 
lure and new inventions.* Then 
inn mis leading lesi-arrh .nil 
proieri inndlivi org<iiiisahini a*, 
wrifan i.> men Jiuik.rino 
main Benrlibv iih liele 6 wiess 
imudavs and net- Iiiiuti «i 
npr.l Iv ping .uni »P -lbihlv 
iHH-clrd Please lelephmn- Ol 
240 351 1/3531 iW.-w LlxH nr 
Ol 240 3551 iCUV ■ tluiiwh 
Him! Hwruifnienl Cnn-xillaiils 

A D M IN -'SEC (9 OOO gieai npm 
■n>l lor a nnom roung w with 
lhe. vsond-leiwlpr m Iwteis .md 

11 .iv ei As Adnun/Ser in a snult 
exis-ulive suile vnu will h.indh- 
•j.ilmnerv/ixjuiiwTKxil supoIh-s 

III .idilllien IO leglllal Cllenl lui 
sen -IssisLinn- ami bt l'«o 

".audio ivpisls Good IVPJIBJ N»J 
short luiul Age 2«>i Pttsise |c| 
m 493 44ut! Metn-W (Miner 

Vlvhi 4 Sc Id lio n 

8>-l Lelrx Suuaie lligHlllv mxds 
,v p A. Von vein need In fiavr 
llesline working allllude h.i* e 
an inlvrcM m rmpnral.- niMine 
amt he prepared In do some all 
nm and bo u .lined on .1 w ana 
Vv' p Lot nf rheni H.vmh- 4 'Dll 
I idem manud sltdl Age 25* 
Tu (|1 OOO. Bccivxfrslc nt 
nend Street »RcC Cnmi 01 *&* 



Intelligent well 
spoken young 
secretary to back-up 
busy Estate Agents. 
Good organiser 
together with WP 
experience and a 
sense of humour. 

834 7045 


West Livt Management Core id 
Linis I eg in re a sociable, 
extrovert young PA mo shod 
hand 1 to handle the 80N> 
admnuslralrve commi. You 
will he resoomuw for 
organising I ho social 01 mh, no- 
lets and travel for exchange 
1 01 Consultants from the 
iytales and Euiope to London 
very 1 busy, stimulatlmi environ, 
merit in which to work 19-22 
years. To £9.000 Phone. OI- 
583 >034 Meredith Scon 

GERMAN: An excellent standard 
of Ctfitun d rewind for an in- 
tetrsllng secmarfal tob in lhe 
Training Department of an In- 
1em.1l! anal company near 
\ n inna. ideal lor a young Sec 
reiarv keen on iranslaung 
whose English Is ol mother 
longue standard and who has 
English shorthand. To £8.000. 
MuUifinquaf Services (Recrufl 
meril Consultants! 01 836 


£8.500 new Mona grmenl cw 
suitants based in superb 
Mat-fair offices seek profession- 
al recent ion e4 wrth knowledge 
□1 1 or more foreign tang E.xc 
grooming, common sense and 
cheerful disposition are essen 
bat lo run (his MSI reovUon 
area Typing basic accts very 
useful call Merrow Agy 'The 
Language SpeciaUstl 01535- 

NO SHORTHAND £9.000 young 

• front desk' scvrelary required 
hv esubnshed chanty nr West 
minster -vnnev super working 
rtmronmenl combminq (ugh 
■merest ronlnil with conlmu 
Otis vanelv and people contact. 
Sthjm- work experience and 
good tvpino requested Age 
2(w- Please letephonr Ol 493 
5787 Got don Yales 


AOEhiT7» need a gom vrreUry 

10 organise -ouU and fnendty 
olfire computer/WP expert 
enm* useful and good typm« 
essential Saury c.esjoO. for 
further details Please contact 
Lnrv Maitland on Ol 581 
2977/2047 at Jane 
Crostnwaile Recruitment Con- 
sultants Lid. 21 Beauchamp 
Place London SW3 

ADMmttTRATOR Ule Jtft -40A 
to work as Senior person In tr- 
ail Depi ol Bdoravu Prof 
essiomu Assoc Pref some 
prrv mus exp 10 foQluale duties 
vimrh nvinde processing docu- 
ments r hr king Harvard 
organnlno meetmgx rfr Must 
have reliable audio ls-omg c 
(10000 pa. Jovcr Guinea. Ol 
589 8807/0010 'Rec Com 1 

A MB to enfov in Inendty Ful- 
ham (‘slab* Agency tor well 
educated 30's. No shorthand 
good lypuia on WP twill mm- 

11 ami. Dmllng clients 
persoivoilv .ind on telephone 
and keeping Office details 
swingmu r L8-600 1 reviewed 
alter three months! Joyce 
Guine-oOl 589 B807/0O10ie*C 



(5.000 All Ideal lirsl tab As ver- 
rclorv 10 lhe promotions co- 
ordinaior of thb world lamous 
cmiiu*tir and ■> -anre house. 
Full Irainlnp ■ *n including 

WP. 90/SOsLUl /coed Please 
letenhone 01 i 3611/3331 
iw.ra Cod I or Ol 240 3651 
iCllv'. EII44heth Hunt ReCTUII- 
menl Cumullinlv 

DESIGN (8 OOO world re 
iiowinxl design convullants seek 
2nd lohher to art as prmect sec 
to a learn of designer* Super 
yob offenno Hus 01 involvement 
and liaison with consul touts, cti - 
■■ills, suppliers eic Shorthand/- 
Ivpiixi ewnital accuracy more 
impunanl man speed Age 20* 
Please lei 01-409 1232 The 
work Shun 

FULHAM - P -i /Person Friday re 
outred lor MD of small highly 
pmlesxional eslak* agents No 
s/h hui PC experyence useful, 
asl Ivudd ewhlial. Salary 
c (9-500 For lurtner details 
ph-ase ronLwi Lucy Mailtand 
on 01 581 2977/2947 al Jane 
Lioslhvvaile Recrviumeni Con- 
sulldius Ltd 21 Beauchamp 
Place Lnmlnn SWi. 


linn in lie* Otr seeks vers 
In iani evpmennxj secretary foi 
varied ilubes Must type 
70w pm ana hav « 

him leiu/nrqaniw-d manner 
Pi uh-ssiviul appearance and 
demeoituur reuvured ExceRem 
phone manner a muvl WP a 
plus Call Mew l.eObrUn- Ol 374 

RECEPTIOMST 10 (8.500 Jnrn 
I hr me.v nls Dosed [radios 
< otnpdiiv and nm I heir bsisv re 

0- vOuii aiea. Previous switch 

hssiid experience needed Prc 
li-raMv oaiifSHt with an inter 
nalioiul • iHnnans Please lerr 
plinne nt 240 551 1 / 3631 

• Ur-4 EiKti or Ol 240 3551 
■Cklv i. Elirarx-tn Hull! Rerruil 
Client Censullanls 

SECRETARY nn.i (8.250 W. 
are a very tne.v and exoumlliK 
ship itMiiwinrnl agency and 
need ■nimc-diarrfv a -eorlan 
■25*i la nur Terhrural Manair 
rr 'sVlOOnpni s-.senhal * h 
■itnlilv lo work arruralely- un 
■Irr pievune and huictiw Ihs 
wnik ul .1 iiuuor xertetary and 
ollite iniuor Phone Christo 
pre-r flali- on 955 3006 

uf.ll.OOb plve. Iiuiius and Irimp 
lu-netils. Working with 2 voute. 
Dtreeiors a» P \/Ser 2S«sh 111 
this sw 1 rinnys Old Checkins 
nr*s iHnoiirls dealing clteiil! 
setlnw up nieeungs (ravel eir 
Skills MCV 50 IBM PC ■ will (Toss 
li.iiin ! tench useful tint 
•■SSI filial lov re GUI ■ less Ol S89 
8807/00 10 -Ri-c Foil. 1 

sfiiiikliiMj lllsl e.4> tor a well 
nceseuti-d v tiling cr in me 
pi'Slluimis Bonn Sheet e*wel 
|eis Sinn- phune work, smmr 
■iii-i-lina and greeting ol dienfs. 
w ■ asmiMl errands etc -Vnu 
rale ivmiMi 45nlan requeshd 
riease ralt Or 40® 1252 

Tne w.xv simp 


r.n Sen turn (firs t* more, luoir 
rimipaiiv as secretary In a W 
rniir itiiecfor ot meir imuti-rii 
alt rlrwirimenl An -A' Le< H 

1- iltaalion .nul 90/50 skills 

lU-evb-ll PteaM- telephone ■>! 
24.1 551 1/3551 -Wist F nit* or 
ill 24t.i .'-551 ‘Cits i. L ll/a Win 
Minn Hrtnillnenl OnnsiilianK 


TiaiiXiux/sri srunrhl hv large C!IV Co Noth Ian 
siiiagi— • risiuireri |.j htuh 
■ianihrit Tiatisiaugn mainly 
min Lijti'-n Sivn c. mat s/nand 
,«»J w p exp are afwj ooniMi 
I xi i-u.-ni s-naiv and [MfLiMr 
-siBlh Mfi.liW'* -ot ' wig 
J?«£. nc lanuu.ige mhvim-. 

LIBRARY (7.SOO we|| 
Vt.r- 11 nia-uin.-e sm-ls 1 ’nnm; v jssi-a.iin V aired rub 
nilllBlMN J! lint (Patron resear. N. 
piirr-h.rv. of nooks romfnLilmu 
ul everils dun' eli Good edu 
i.iltnn -pi .-4 V Irieh .md Ivpinn vnr2n25 Fordrtatis frleiiuone nusv 5787 

La.i.lnil Vales CrnisUllanlx 

MPnCIMTE in -.pnrfs sponsor 

ship, in i-vs ie|.i||ii(e... adverle. 
iipi .iial exhihilinn*. UPDorlu 
nils Ini a keen nnyiiircf i*Q' 
vs 1 II 1 ipml sh>glha:hJ IVfMiig In 
i-nnv ilns allmruve htcnri m nr 
Irr ■ -.Is * Chalice «il ptbinolion 
iiitn MarJefinv / fusrtJ plus 
Irintn- In-ieilfs Jus ■ ■• IJulixss 
01 ^8® iPK'T/OOlO iRer Coie.i 


tbixdiy egandmg ahttoon 

agsnseis m Ftahnord nek 
osrzJ Bering ffifflfiflert 

As put ol an energetic sales 
Ban you n* need good 
stndtand/lypng aid a 
aknpss to lean WP. 

SAsy neqodaUe nks proAl 
share. 4 weeks hoheay. 


Kate mg. 

243-253 lawn MarihlT Bd, 
ITW 9 2 U. 

FTHtOi /German 

Secretary/ AMbUm 10 yectfoc 
Partner of Property Co Very 
toned and interesting post He 
n young, dynamic and dele, 
gates a great deal so lake on 
load* of respotnibtlly. deal with 
clients on the phone and in per- 
son. Some travel. Excellent 
presentation and outgoing per- 
vmaUtv nv r 10.000 Merrow 
Agy (The Language SpedauslN 
Ol 636-1487 

t Cl 1.000 ideal position lor an 
experienced secreutry. short- 
hand not essential, with good 
social skills for extensive cttenl 
rontact Working lor an ambt- 

Uoto leading partner ihts fob 

wUI develop Into a hhFity ad 
nuncJratlve role Please ring 
Tavtsiork Apunmlmenls 836 

Young but expert 

cured Secretary wtm last 
English shorthand, superb En 
gfeh and ouceUent German for 
Contmodity Traders near vic- 
toria. To £9.000 Mull! Ungual 
Services 1 Recruitment Consul- 
tants) 01 836 3794/S. 


SEC. (7.000 * perks Editori- 
al Director WC2 seeks bnghi 
capable C/L or 2nd toober 10 
become lull PA. incs. It Nang 
with authors. Details 01-499 
9274 Sieve Mills iflK Caul 

ganl West End Merrtianl Bank 
seeks young secretary lo Hirer 
lor and assortaics You should 
be cheerful and refraMe. ideally 
with a Central London base No 
short hand. Cood ivptna Age 
SO* Please letrphonc 01493 
5787 Cordon Yales 


We have 3 ex cl Sec /PA vacan 
ties within City banks for lop 
calabre fluent German sneaking 
Secretaries Circa £12.000. For 
further details on these top ca- 
reer posts can Merrow Agy 
I The Language Specialists) Ol 

63b 1487 

IN CONFERENCE (10.000. As 
iMdail to the Chairman you 
will become involved In every 
aspen of conference 
mtuntsauon *A" levels Or de- 
gree and 65 lypmo 

needed Please call Osborne 
Richardson remntment consul- 
lan Is on 409 2393 

SEC O ND lime lucky! Th* Mb for 
a PA/S ec 30nh IS in MarkHing 
with super SW 1 Drinks Co. and 
needs a beatu. good eommuru 
color to deal with all lhe 
different brands Speeds 90/50 
£8 SOdtsh lo uaN Super Irlnge 
bnieftls Joyce Guhwm Ol 589 
8807/0010 iRer Consl. 

Iran hols immediate inter 
views wilh lhe lop Estate 
Agents. PiMhhen. Media Co's, 
and In Current Allans. Bankers 
A Personnel Cov ml Carden 
Bureau, t IO Fleet M. EC4 Ot 
363 7696 

wrtl spoken and hrlqni young 
person r. n e eded lo Uetp in Ihrs 
small and inendty oil Ire some 
ivpmg Salary M £7.000 
Cobhold and Davis Rerrutrmenl 
Limited. 36 Bruton Pure Lon 
don. Wl Tel 01493 7789 

r (1 1 OOO Leading computer 
romoattv seek rfllneol. well 
oniamsed well groomed proles- 
•mull lo I LMxe wilh clients and 
handle all documentation With 
relevant experience call Hodge 
Recruit menl 629 8863 

secretary /admin anEUOi lor 
Duty and expanding office m 
ECl Venom duties, shorthand 
an advantage, salary uo 10 
(6.500. Please telephone Jane 
ShenluP Ol 833 2631 

New pod WC2 prefer expen- 
enred permn Salary- to 
( IO OOO pins exrellenl perks 
•Ol • HS9 3365 CLC Language 

FASMOM CO PA (12.000 park 
age Dynamic Senior Executive 
nt this well known company 
seeks an etncieni PA/Ser 10 
organise him complHelv With 
90/00 skills, call Hodge Rc- 
mnlmerU o»9 MAo3 

ElOdOO* Fast moving A meet 
ran dey CO seeks super sec. 
earK 2V \ »iln ueod WP. short- 
hand and aurtio Perks mci free 
lunch**- and Bl PA Please con 
l.icl Mrs Prosier. BHqravia 
Bureau 01 584 2844 ASAP 

TARY For S I axiom 1 Cn varied 
and interesting povition wilh 
high lam cooler >1 CTTO'wrul 
rxp i-ssisinal ( 8.000 Xhrrow 
Any • The Language SpeciaUsls' 
Ol 636 1487 

HARLEY STREET t>rmaiokigisi 
1 inds risi lint 1 1 -errHarv with nr inirsang espenencp 
to run a bun practise wiui etli 
• n-m \ Punriualiiy and 
svlimalhs S dal -seek Salarv 
nrouUaiih- Ol 936 9727 

ei hardy-eekinq and I'unndent 
In .l-.-ast the Chaiiman and MD 
in plush evil •■III- i-s Skills 
90/55 (jo OOO m-g 
Vbraisnat Bin iBlmi-M 9JS 
1846 ygv 


real mi inlh sH In help with 
pirMrii'Xr. rail .Mtouul. all 
havw vinr h,ir i’tlO'TO 
Ui«Umnsj> Rvc Cons Ol 404 

plans ■■'•<• ivwlh imnudulc 
inleievirvssiin yXjCO v IO OOO 
r.ueje 25* vjjveiii Gatd>n Pu 
t.snt no rii-H si. ec 4 at 

55? 7696 


Una atfiJiu 1*i look all**r Ihr Lm 

lihrur v ^ ««ci| j*. ^dnili «n 1 -41 r 
vri' Juiunr lo 

I-10C"?0 MjsliTlCdk Prcruil 

in. -f il ‘JW I AUV 


sag jei.irv /BsiUvpr imw.a 
in Vniumr Iksiter- in 
Kul'ditairalgi- ypptv Jnhn kc*l 
ltd 1S4 Rrnmpcon Rd Lundon 
S.W X riV Ot 589 6454 

ISH sp-jiiin rrmtidd 
■■•Iniiliislraiur ir.r lull rompuloJ 
I n GD lelrpftnne m AOIa-r V BTi- 
-.-iilalinn t.irr.i CO-jOO Link 
Lareiaieie Appls n« ha*. ->743 

rill and pcie-a- |.-g lanieri|% linn 
iXIrlllll escei pii-spccls .Ind tup 

Uriel iix winis gn/55*t 
.JMuliiC) Riiriuimeni 938 
1 64C- VmV 

nuBUSMNC HOUSE. Vilirx pe- 
so 11 n as P V SHC-laT-. k> v|[) 
lots •■! Eurnpean iMtsmi skips 
l.r*/eO me- 2V* t! t OC.x.’i 
M-f-Jr Ih.v Riiiiulimnl 938 
184c 4-n 

Pirakeis nr Frnrliiirrn Sir el 
Sin Assisi CuSer somt tvrson 
ini amt l‘*ul -vrirt -MidM A 
wp .-ms 23-! T.mui ©25 
■1726 h'imrlail-1 Pus Cons 

dv iiainn PV idi-jlh with a 
sale. Wh kgrnund Too skills 
1 1 0/eO ( 1 3 W Masjri lor k 
Rcai mlim nl 9 J .3 1B46 -Vgy 

AUDIO SEC. rv.lOWO tor Wl 
pit-l-ilv r o Mmvinu fm 7 -■> 
(frrerhir h-. «-| L 1 nr tioui la leant 
ul 5 *.illi lapnes tnmnmv 
Re, t nns Ol 404 4640 


YRM Partnership is one of London's largest 
design firms. Wi? are looking for a mature 
sec netary/admin services assistant with 
initiative and enthusiasm. Good secretarial 
experience should complement diplomacy, 
tact and an understanding of the needs of a 
successful and busy office. 

Age approx 25-35. Salary for discussion. 
Apply in writing to: 

L Porter Administration Services Manager 
YRM Partnership 24 Britton Street 
London EC2M5NQ \ 




As a young minded professional search and rec r u i t' 
ment consultancy specializing is the City markets 
and PJL we have just moved to smart new offices by 
the river oear Cannon Street station. Due to promo- 
tions we need two mote people. 

>tM>nist Pins c. £7000. Wen spoken, un- 
- -r . ---.le. 18 lo 22, with some typing, to preet diem 
charmingly, answer cfi ib i efficiently, organize messen- 
Bem _ etc. 

Secretary /Admin Assistant c. £7500. 
Weil organized. 18 to 23 with goad typing, common 
sense and hutitative to help JuBa co-oraznate the 
work of a lively team of consultants. 

Please contact Julia Ratty on 286 7307 

Leaven wetearnei For busy 
(durational World Co. 
£7.000+ 6 week* holy. Covert 
Garten Bureau. UO Fleet Sk 
ECt Ol 363-7696 

INTERIOR D u el in Chetcea need 
an odmentstrabon aaststant wtttt 
good Ivotnq and WP skliK plus a 
nwihodrrai ocgancv+d annodi. 
MM 20's. CJE9 OOO Jayrtar 
Careen i Sloan* So) Lid. 
01 730 2212 

■ANQUETWG rC 10.000 Take 
vote rmponatUllcy In tms hrxnry 
hotel SWI. Reporting to Gen 
Mgr good SH/Cyn. Jovgar 
Careen iStoane Sg) Lid. 
Ol 730 5148 

FANTASY Work* CC9.000 
Charming Dtrector seeks a live 
ly 2nd tobbrr lo asotst wtm the 
promotion of famous childrens 
characters. Superb surround- 
ings 80/50 wpm. Jaygar 
Career* iSom Sg) Ltd. 
Ol 730 St46. 

An* Forever 
eta 500 MMng Mgr needs a » 
dal RoMani good ar Uatalng 
worldwide to pr om ote these 
ge m s Superb perks. 100/60 
wpm Jaygar Careers tStoane 
Sg) Ltd. Ol 730 5148. 


£1 l.OOOah. Cvperfenced P.O. 
required lor West End fashion 
fan. Lots of stop* and 
mponsrhUlty plus free ckMhes. 
Exp + dual essential. Can Mt- 
Ree Cons Ol 629 0777 

NEW SET UP r (10.000. Career 
minded? Total inyohemenl lo 
Nl atpeets with me o upon unity 
lo become a negotlalor. 6Qwpm 
typmg. Jaygar Careen (Soane 
Sm Lid. Ol 730 5148. 

£16.008 SOON Secretary lor 
chairman of yurrewfui property 
and irneNmenl rompanv Stalls 
110/60 Age 3040. WUItfred 
Johnson iRee Coni 01-493 

PLRR CO £9000 Young friendly 
<6 see* bnghi PA/sec to wit 
for young bow Company hv 
solved in commeraals and film 
making and oUen wide variety 
ot dalles The Ideal appUcanl 
will be ZD2S with s/h and wp 
skills Call Kale 831 7372 
Klnabnl Pen Cans. 

BANK MC SEC £9.000 + Subs 
Mortgage Ctly Bank seeks Ex» 
Audw/WP Set X Training of- 
fered Aged 19+ Details Ol 
408 1220 Sieve Mills Ree Cons- 

(Spanish) C9.000 + subs mort- 
gage + bonus ♦ 2nd tobber Tel 
OI 248 5656 Ortre Girt Emp 

Present posts with Danish. 
Dutch. Frenrh. German. Lon- 
don and Hone* Counties. 01 
404 4854 Cam-tour Agy 

CMSWICK. £9.500 Secretary. 
30* tor MD at matoc company 
Shorthand Call 439 7001. 
Secretarial Cnnwiflanls 

AhL For iranylauom. daily 
llauion wilh Germane A travel 
90/00 23* LB- 500 Link Lon- 
ovsage Appls Ol 8469743 

level standard with publishing 
and hoo* keepmq rxp Tel 01 
248 5e56 Centre Gal Emp Agy 

■ rrenrtn C8.000 + bonus and 
free travel Tel Ol 248 Sb56 
On Irr- Girl Emp Agy 

PUBLBMNG SECS - are you on 
our bonks. Ovenl Carden Bu 
mu. llO Fleet Si. EC4 01 


SECRETARIES for Arrnilects A 
Designers Pe rm anent 4 tempo- 
rary positrons AMSASpenalrsl 
Her Onnx OI 7M 0532 

YOUNG FUN Otl company. Pica 
dills, seeks an outgoing, c onn 
drill, livelv secretary with some 
shorthand Ip work wjin v« 
young finance brokers You 
will be teamed On their com- 
putrr/W P /Telex ExreUeW 
opportunity lor vou lo under 
stand the world ol 0rh* in 9 
Perks nH-tude fr»-e Bl Pt 
•Age 20* CPOOnaae 8ema 

drue ot Bond Street tRec Const 

Ol h>Q 1204 

vs ith uwe expertvrw e Superb 
new Hanover Square oflKe 
hnclim wiin the. voting com- 
pany vou wiH not need short 
Ivjnd nrsi good ivnrnh sVtlts 
aioiig wiin the ahiilly IO leam 
llor new Is installed Hylech 
romouler/W P sy siren You 
will be working tor au Exnu 
nv.- wno will detegale a great 
deal o< n-sponsrtutity Sense of 
ronimilrmul and atxltlv to 
work as part ol a young team 
rs-rntutl Age 19* (0 000 * 

Ovrilime Hotirs 9 30 5 03 

B»cit,ideiir ot 8*g) Street liter 
Cons. 01 629 1203 



Person r retried tntnwSalpty lor 
3 months lo twg n lhe 
Museum s husy saies office No 
weekends Saliy ai 19 and over 
S 6553 p 1 inclusive. 

Tel: Angela Godwin 

01-735 8922 x 291. 


in iti in tre-i its seeks brtgm and 
If ■•-mljx individual In assist 
with I him 1 1 srr’Kn i-utlre/tra 
set* nt- nn- .-tUiie-uu*. errands 
.11*1 i J.’.iii HO IXiwsw-imI ap 

pe-.xranre amt denr-iixMir 
ri-gimnl Cvetlerit phom- man 
e, i e- a plus i -ill Mrv LedlM-tler 
nn 01 174 nd22 
RECEF I HNH5T lnn-nvannihU 
roiiMiiiuai mm nt the Cits 
seek* v m rmhl rerertfooisr 
Inr lliml olioi- ituiies Proles 
stnnal anpr.u.inre and 

iH-nM-.Miuui regunevi tx-'Hlenl 
Pbmn- ni.nmer anu prior e\pe 
lienr— a tnml Tspaim a plus 
Call Mis, Led heller Ol 374 

liunlv t'llt M nrigiil 

(lies.. III. ,|||| • m i| i sninkuig. per 
s«gi vyittl 1» — xime|' r e III 
m-ruxuil ln«“. .Hie 20* Lxn-I 
lint salon amt •H-iiefils for ngnl 

pel so,. Pllvise pnene hti Ivor 
InoCif J9J 7512.'/7S24 Ulvime 
Mauageim-nl LonsuHJttB Ltd 



A FriBTKiy firm in Fuham 
needs a residential 
negotiator. Experience 
essential, in return we 
offer an exceHent salary 
package plus car/ 


Joiu BoStqswcrth 
ob 01-736 6408 


are looking for an 
enthusiastic inte*gent full 
time person to hSp run 
their Chelsea lighting shop. 
Experience not important, 
retiabttty end sense of 
humour essentiaL 
Please telephone 
Sarah 01-373 1250 

, krtrwwar 

ranpany needs an organiser/ 
hook keeper t)o final account) 

26*. lo manage a hcvTK wrt 
sometimes rhaour drvgn and 
prod urban team plus (hop la 
Walton Siren PomXHyAOaysa 
week. Salary negotiable. Phone 
01 937 6033. 


£8.000 No typing b needed lor 
this wi Agency but you will 
need on altrarlive appearance 
mcrilciTl (peaking voce and a 
bnghi bubbly nenotvahty 
Xmas bonus Please call Andrea 
Ol 629 7838 Barnett Media. 

FAST MOVMG American Money 
Market broken new Bank lube 
require an sosunl to work 
with two young highly educat- 
ed financiers. You should nave 
■A- level Maths, be interested 
and prepared lo use a amputee 
lied admin system together 
with your ocrio-oie typing A9r 
21-23 £10.000. Bernadette of 
Bond Sbeel (Her Cora* 01-629 

water W2 Busy personnel de 
porlmeiH or I e n ure company 
regrtrea an eweDrrt odrmrts- 
lralor wiin good typing lo or 
ganrse irautmg xemindrv holi- 
day chart v and be happy M> use 
occananai audto/wang W P A 
f nendty- efflnenl. good com mu 
iikrtor required. Age 22 28. 
(9.000 ♦ escHUng locial arm I 
ucv Becnadefle of Bond Street 
iflvr Cam! Ol -629 1204 


We have 

super i amor secretarial vacan 
ncs. shorthand and audio for 
Vvest End and Oty companies. 
Smart preienialion. a good tele 
phone manner and a knowledge 
of WP will earn C7 -7j50 0 with 
good beoefib and promotion 
prospects Ring for an appoint- 
ment now* 439 7001 iWest 
End 1 377 8600 lOlyi SECRE 
T ARIES PL LIS The Secretarial 
Consul lanes. 

2ND 1 3RD JOBBERS! H you have 
1 10 2 veotx outer experience, 
good -Julhi some WP expen 
n«r and looking for a Change 
ol scene. »r hair wane lemtie 
opening In both lhe Oly and 
Weil End sauries* 
Call us now on 439 71 x 11 •Wert 
Cud ■ 377 8660 iClly 5ECRE 
T ARIES RLLS The Secretarial 
Consul lams 





20 hrs p.w. required for 
snail but busy Depart- 
ment of Experiment al Pa- 
thology to assist Profes- 
sor with Correspondence 
and manuscripts on 
wordprocessors. Range 
of office duties, arranging 
seminars, etc. Scientific 
background an advan- 
tage. s/h useful. 

Salary on scale: 

£4158 - £4935 pa. 
Applications to 
liz Kelly. 

Personnel Officer. 

University College 
London. Gower Street 
Lorodon WC1E BBT 



™Gaml 0» successful fast M- 
pairirg Esiafr Agonts m Chelsea. 
Most be able to rake sole charge 
ol the books 10 be! balance 4 tg 
5 nours per day. salary ncgouaUe. 

01584 6427 

I tunlnn ueedx lira vkre. wrie 
I. trial Ch-Ii* mi a — x-lf wnploved 

n.pjv .it IpjsJ 35 luui*./uNk 
llepli in HON 

ART GALLERY, hit Bond Sii.-rl 
M.UWMIIPI Due. toe I rgUirev 
p.11 1 linti 1 vnn-uri <15 Hours 
|»i »•■*' U»*llvK»llvrwn|Hl 
1 . Irilioiv Mis Tjvtor 499 

Law Report October 20 1986 

Public authority’s right 
to plead time-bar 

Arnold v Central Electricity 
Generating Board 
Before Sir John, Donaldson, 
Master of the Rolls. Lord Justice 
Ralph Gibson and Lord Justice 

[Judgment October 15] 

An action commenced in 
April 1984 against a public 
authority, for persona! injuries 
which had first arisen in or 
before 1943 but had not been 
discovered until October 1981, 
was time-barred, and had been 
continuously since 1944. be- 
cause the accrued limitation 
defence conferred by section 21 
of the Limitation Act 1939 bad 
not been abrogated by any 
subsequent legislation, even 
though section 21 itself had been 
repealed in 1954. 

The Court of Appeal so held 
in a reserved judgment, allowing 
an appeal by the defendant, the 
Central Electricity Generating 
Board, the successor of Bir- 
mingham Corporation as owner 
and operator of a power station 
at which the plaintiffs deceased 
husband, Albert Edward Ar- 
nold. had worked as a boiler 
cleaner from 1938 to 1943. from 
an order of Mr Michael Ogden. 
OC sitting as a deputy High 
Court judge ( The Times, Janu- 
ary24 1 986; [1 986} 3 WLR 171). 

The deputy judge bad held 
that an action commenced by 
the plaintiff; Mrs Emma May 
Arnold, as widow of Mr Arnold 
and administratrix of his estate, 
for damages for personal inju- 
ries caused by the defendant's 
negligence, was not s&rute- 
barred. Mr Arnold had died on 
1982 of mesothelioma which 

Birmingham Corporation's 
right to plead a time bar had 
accrued not later than April 
1944. In Yew Bon Tew, Lord 
Bright man said that, once such a 
right had accrued, albeit under a 
procedural statute, it was not to . 
be taken away by conferring on 
subsequent legislation a 
retrospective operation unless 
such a construction was un- 
avoidable. ■ . 

The accrued right had passed 
to the electricity board under the 
Electricity Act 1947, section 12. 
of which. disapplied section 21 
of the 1939 Act in respect of 
actions against the board arid 
applied sections 2 and 3 of the 
1939 Act to such actions as if the 
limitation period were three 
years. No one suggested that 
that Act had any retrospective 
effect upon previously accrued 
rights. •‘ : ' 

The 1954 Act had. abolished 
special limitation periods for 
public authorities, repealing sec- 
tion 21 of the 1939 Act and 
section 12 of the 1947 Act. and 
bad amended section 2 of die 
1939 Act by adding a proviso 
reducing the limitation period 
for persona] injury and fetal 
claims to three years. Section 
7(1) of the 1954 Act had 
expressly provided that that 
would not affect limitation peri- 
ods which bad already expired. 

Section 1(1) of the Limitation 
Act 1963 had provided that 
section 2(1) of the 1939 Act 
would not afford any defence in 
an action in respect of personal 
injuries where die plaintiff was 
in a state of justifiable ignorance 
as to his' right of action lor more 
than two years after it had 
accrued; and section 6 of the 

had been repealed, “any defence 
available by virtue of any ruieoi 
law" included the defence under 
the rale of law stated in lew Bon 
Tew. and the accrued defence 
under section 21 was therefore 
expressly preserved by section 

In Knipe v British 
Board (T1972] l QB .361) the 

effect of abrogating accrued 
limitation defences under the 
six-year limitation period fo r 

in 1954. . , , 

Id bis Lordship's opinion that 
derision was unsatis&ctoty m 
some respects, and he haw 
difficulty in seeing how the 
statutory provisions there 
considered could achieve that 
. result; an accrued defence under 
the unamended section 2(1) was 
a defence available by virtue of 
the rule in Yew Bon Tew, not of 
section 2(1). 

Certainly Knipe could not 
require or justify the conclusion 
that section t of the 1963 Act 
had abrogated an accrued de- 
fence under section 21. 

Section 1 of the Limitation 
.Act 1975 had inserted new 
provisions (sections 2A'to 2D) 

into the 1939 Act, which did not 
expressly purport to remove any 
accrued right from anybody, but 
did have tne effect, inter alia, of 
modifying in favour of pfaintifB 
the terms previously applicable 
to existing causes of action. 

Section 2A did nothing to 
deprive a defendant of a' valid 

had been discovered in October accrued; and section 6 of tne defence which could be made 
1981 and which the plaintiff 1963 Act had given section 1(1) good without relying on section 
claimed had t*rn»sffd by his "effect in relation to cause s of 2A. . 

exposure to asbestos during bis action which had accrued before - When the 1975'Act was read 
employment at the power sta- - the passing of this Act”. with the preceding legislation. 

Parliament had thereby dem- • ■ * 

onstraied an intention to inter- 
fere retrospectively with accrued 
rights to plead time bars, but 
only to the extent provided in 
section 1. 

While dm defendant was not 


Section 21(1) of the Limita- 
tion Act 1939 (repealed by 
section 1 of the Law Reform 
(Limitation of Actions, etc) Act 
1954) provided, inter alia, that 
no action in negligence was to be 
brought against a public 
authority unless it was com- 
menced within one year of the 
accrual of the cause of action. 

Mr Anthony Ntchofl for the 
defendant; Mr John Foy for the 

GIBSON said that he was 
persuaded that the defendant 
was correct in its contention 
that the principle slated by the 
Privy Council in Yew Ban Tew v 
Kendeman Bas Mara ([1983] 1 
AC 5S3) applied and that there- 
fore the defendant's accrued 
right to plead a limitation 
defence, acquired by its prede- 
cessor under section 21 of the 
1939 Act, still persisted since it 
had not been expressly taken 
away and nothing in any sub- 
sequent statute required w jus- 
tified the conclusion that that 
right had been impliedly de- 

the conclusion that Parliament 
had intended to make accrued 
time-bars arising under the pro- 
visions!!] force since 1954 to be 
subject to tiie new provisions in 
section 2A was unavoidable; it 
was . equally dear . that Par- 

entitled before 1963 to plead j lament bad hot intended- to 

accrued time bars under both 
section 21 and section 2(1) of 
the 1939 Act. the existence of 
the second defence did not 
impair the section 21 defence 
nor extend the effect of section 
1(1) of the 1963 Ad beyond its 
plain meaning. 

There was accordingly noth- 
ing in section I which impaired 
the defendant’s right to plead 
the bar accrued tinder section 
21, and nothing in the 1963 Act 
as a whole could be construed as 
having that effect. 

Further, section 1(4) of the 
1963 Act had provided that 
nothing in section 1 excluded or 
affected any defence which 
might be available in any per- 
sonal injury action fay virtue of 
any enactment other than sec- 
tion 2(1) or the 1939 Act or of 
any rufe of law. or equity. 
Although section 21 was not 
within “any enactment**, since it 

Tribunal erred over lock-out 

Express and Star Ltd v 
Banday and Others 

Before Mr Justice Poppfewell, 
Mrs M. L. Boyle and Miss A. P. 

[Judgment October 10] _ • 

In a case concerning the 
introduction of new technology 
in the newspaper industry the 
Employment Appeal Tribunal 
held that for the purpose of 
deciding whether the employers 
were conducting a lock-out, as 
defined .by paragraph 24 of 
Schedule 1 3 to the Employment 
Protection (Consolidation) Act 
1978. regard should be ted to 
the facts and that an industrial 
tribunal had erred in law in 
asking whether or not the 
employers were in bread] of 

The employers. Express and 
Star Ltd, newspaper publishers, 
had appealed from a decision of 
a Birmingham industrial tri- 
bunal last January that they had 
jurisdiction to hear complaints 
of unfair dismissal by the 
employees. Mr RJML Sunday 
and 95 others. 

The employees cross-ap- 
pealed on the ground that the 
industrial tribunal bad erred in 
law in finding that they had been 
taking part in industrial action 
and ted not been locked -out at 
the date of their dismissals. 

Section 62 of the 1978 Act. as 
amended by section 9 of the 
Employment Act 1982 provides; • 

-(1) The provisions of this 
section shall have effect In 
relation to an employee (the 
complainant) who claims that 
he has been unfairly dismissed 
by his employer where at the. 
dace of dismissal — (a) tire 
employer was conducting or 
instituting a lock-out. or (b) the 
complainant was taking part in a 
strike or other industrial action. 

“(2) In such a case an indus- 
trial tribunal shall not deter- 
mine whether the dismissal was 

fair or unfair unless it is shown 
— (a) that one or more relevant 
employees of the same employer 
have not been dismissed . . 

Mr Malcolm Lee, QC and Mr 
John Mittine for the employers 
Mr Alexander Irvine, QC and 
Mr Adrian Lynch for the 

WELL said that the industrial 
tribunal found that on February 
25, 1985 access to the 
employers' premises was dosed 
with the exception of a manage- 
ment manned door and employ- 
ees on arrival were shepherded 
to a meeting, at which those who 
refused to wot* 'with the new 
technology were suspended 
without pay. They were sub- 
sequently dismissed. 

The tribunal bad then consid- 
ered section ■ 62(2Xa) and 1 
62(4)(bXii). which relates to 
industrial action, and found that 
a Mr Alsbrook was a “relevant 
employee”. -. - - 

It was agreed by both sides 
that the industrial tribunal bad 
misdirected themselves 
concerning his position but if 
Mr Irvine succeeded -in his 
argument that what bad oc- 
curred on February 25 was a 
lock-out and not .industrial ac- 
tion, Mr Al$ brook’s position 
became irrelevant. 

Relevant employees in rela- 
tion to a lock-out were defined 
differently, from relevant, 
employees m relation to a strike 
or other industrial action. 

The appeal tribunal had been 
told that all the employees 
would be enabled to bring their 
claims if there bad been- a lock- 
out whereas a more limited 
number only would be eligible if 
there had been a strike or 
industrial action. 

Paragraph 24 of Schedule 13 
defined both lock-out and strike. 

The industrial tribunal had 
adopted the test: “Were the 
employers, in breach of 

Evidence of indecent intention 

Regina w Court 
Before Lord Justice Ralph Gib- 
son. Mr Justice Hirst and Mr 
Justice Otion 
[Reasons October 17] 

Evidence of indecent inten- 
tion did not have to be excluded 
as irrelevant to a charge under 
section 14(1) of the Sexual 
Offences Act 1956 even though 
positive proof of indecent inten- . 
tion was not required by the 
section which was silent about 
the necesary mental element in 
the offence of indecent assault 
on a woman. 

Lord Justice Ralph Gibson so 
stated when giving reserved 
reasons in the Court of Appeal 
for dismissing an appeal by 
Robert Christopher Court, aged 
27. from conviction at Caernar- 
fon Crown Court (Mr Justice 
Mars-Joncs and a jury) of 
indecent assault on a girl aged 

1 2. He was put on probation for 
three years with a condition of 
12 months' psychiatric treat- 

Mr Trevor Halbert, assigned 
bv Lhe Registrar of Criminal 
Appeals, for the appellant: Mr 

Robin Spencer for the Crown. 


said that the appellant, a shop 
assistant in a gift shop, asked a 
girt who visited -the shop with' 
her. brother whether she would 
let him spank her. She. said 
‘"No"’ and walked away bui later 
he seized bier arm. pulled her 
across his knees ^ and. struck her 
12 times outside her shorts on . 
her buttocks. He stopped when- 
her brother appeared. 

When interviewed by pofifee 
the appellant admitted spanking 
the girl and. when asked why. 
said: “I don't know — buttock 
fetish". It was the first time he 
had ever done it. 

At trial be admitted assault 
but denied it was indecent. Hie 
judge rejected an invitation to 
exclude the statement about 
"buttock fetish" on the ground 
that, being a secret 

uncormnumcated motive, it 
could not make indecent on 
assault which by refe r e n ce to the 
overt circumstances was not 
mdeccnL ' 

The judge, rightly, directed 
the jury that it was cmnecessary- 
for the prosecution to prove that 
die girl knew or thoiigil the 
assault on her to be indecent ' 

-It sufficed if . thcj^cktaira- 
stances were capable in law of. ‘ Colwyn Bay. 

being held to be indecent and 
the jury held them to be so. 

It was open to the prosecution 
to call evidence available of an 
admitted secret . motive which 
actuated rhe accused tocomntit 
the particular offence char ged 

. The 7 , court's discretion to ex- 
clude prejudicial -evidence of 
JiiUe or .no probative value 
would arise and be exercised 
where the accused's secret sex- 
ual motive could not affect the 
manner in which he did the acts 
complained of and* evidence of 
motive was not relevant on any 
other issue ro - 

Their Lordships did not ac- 
cept' foe Crown's submission 
that the existence of a secret 
souial .motive was always 
admissible as a make-weight on 
foe issue of objective indecency 
Th e jury s hotJd be directed tifar 
the seem monye could nortiim 
ctfotjrostances into indecency if ■ 
tire jutywionld not refpotTtSieii 
as indecent without it . - 


jj--— was ^ evidence ot 
crrcnmsranas of indecency and 
axygetowas ao. unsufeor 


r * 


% i 
& i 

i. p A 

* H i 



-. M 


•" 1 '( 



disturb rights accrued prior to 
1954 imcfar section 21 of the 
1939 Act, and that conclusion 
was supported by tiro inclusion 
of section 2B(2). 

His Lordship was content to 
have reached that conclusion, 
since it would be a suprising 
consequence of the 1975 Act if it 
had deprived tiro defendant of 
an accrued right which had 
remained unimpaired from 
194410 1975. - 
The Limitation Ad 1980 was 
a consolidating measure, and 
did not In this respect alter the 
position achieved by the 1975 
Act. The appeal should there- 
fore be allowed and judgment 
entered for the defendant. 

The Master of the Rolls and 
Lord Justice Nicholls agreed. 

Solicitors: Berrymans for 
Godfrey Diggings & McKay, 
Krmin ghant fLawfbfd A Cti. 

r • 

contract?" If they were-not. the 
tribunal said, they were entitled 
to enforce the terms of that 
contract and whatever action 
they took to enforce those terms 
and conditions could not con- 
stitute a lock-out. • 

The whole issue was unfortu- 
nately coloured by rite unhappy 
phrase "lock-out”. It gave the 
impression of a hard-hearted 
nineteenfo-centry : employer. 
But it merely meant that an 
employer was taking steps to 
enforce what lie believed to be 
his legitimate rights to persuade 
the workforce to comply with 
what he believed to be their 
conditions of contract. 

Mr Irvine had pointed out 
that there was ample authority 
to the effect that there could be 
industrial action where ihfere 
was no breach of contract,' and 
that the same must apply to a 

The appeal tribunal rejected 
the argument that the breach of 
contract lest was a proper test It 
wasnot necessary to mboqfonue 
it to rove efficacy to paragraph 
24 of Schedule 13: 

. It was an unnecessary burden 
on an industrial tribunal to seek 
to investi^ie foe rights and 
wrongs of a dispute; they were 
concerned only with whether 
there was a dispute. 

It was not necessary to remit 
the case to foe industrial tri- 
bunal. U had not been seriously 
contested that if the breach of 
contract -test were . wrong foe 
evidence as to wbat took place 
an February .25 could lead to 
any other conclusion than that 
of a lock-om. 

The employees' appeal would 
be allowed. 'The employers* 
appeal would be stayed pending 
further appeal. Leave to appeal 
to foe Court of Appeal would be 
granted- . 

Solicitors: Ryfand. Martmeau 
& Co. Birmingham; Kershaw 
Gasman.* Matthews. Chelsea. 

* it 





■ f N. 



Back play the lingering 
memory as smoke 
subsides in war game 

By David Hands ® 




. Some gomes remain sport- 
wg contests, some become 
ware. There was a bit of both 
at Sudbury on Saturday but 
the redeeming element was 
the back play of both sides. It 
was that sense of adventure 
which Ungers after the crude 
unpleasantness of some of the 
forward exchanges. Wasps 
achtcvim only their fifth win 
against Cardiff and their first 
since 1961 by two goals, a try 
and three penalty goals to a 
goal, a try and two penalties. 

ll was possibly die strongest 
combination that Cardiff have 
fielded this season, t ' 

hair wnh concussion after a 
kick an the head (he will be 
absent for the next three 
weeks) and thereafter there 
was sporadic violence, of 

which the main vic tim 

of the elements. Andrew 
kicked three penalties when 
Cardiff collapsed the «p""n 
and Lozowski made a sweet 


and cut about the mouth and 

Wasps; loss was' the more 
severe, since they had to bring 
on a hooker to play back row, 
but their forwards showed 
enormous commitment. 
Probyn and Pinncgar bad 
outstanding games in the tight 
mid loose and behind them 
Pratt and Andrew were the 
more influential halves. 

Pratt is coming on by leaps 
and bounds at scrum half and 
Andrew's increased maturity 
and physical commitment to 

neiaea uus season, injury and T 1 Physical commitment to 
unavailability having hit them !* is obvious. He and 
badly. But though the individ- ««owski combined spien- 


ual confidence remains, the 
collective confidence has yet 
to be developed and Cardiff's 
fixture list allows little room 
for error. 

Nor do Wasps permit lib- 
erties: there is a mental hard- 
ness about them which made 
encouraging watching for two 
England selectors. Martin 
Green and Tony Jorden. The 
from rows locked horns from 
the beginning and Daniel 
Neyrat, the French referee, 
never got to grips with the 
consequent problems. 

To be feir to him, if the 
forwards are so disposed there 
is tittle any referee can do save 
award a siring of penalties 
(which he did) or send some- 
one off! Two players did leave 
foC field, but for injuries; 
Rose, foe Wasps No. 8, went 
off midway through the first 

didly into the g listing, awk- 
ward wind in the second fa»if 
playing shore balls between 
them which gave their weak- 
ened back row the r hw? to 
support property. 

When they moved it wide 
the thrust of Fellow and 
Stringer brought the best from 
the Cardiff defence, in which 
Roberts had a si g nifi cant 
game as well as supporting 
everything in sight when his 
team attacked. Stringer, it 
should be said, played soundly 
in defence, too; he caught ail 
die high balls put up by John, 
though it was difficult not to 
wonder whether the retired 
Gareth Davies would not have 
harnessed the wind for Cardiff 
to better effect. Still John is 
the newcomer making his way 
in a team who are out of sons. 

Wasps led 21-4 at the 
interval having had first use 

two minutes Bailey 

scored a second ny when, with 

every Cardiff back committed 
to attack, he intercepted a pass 
and ran in from 55 metres. 

Cardiff's response, assisted 
by Ctothers keeping the ball 
alive, came when Hadley beat 
Smith on the outside and 
chipped to the corner: He 
overran the ball but Ring did 
not. John could not convert 
but when he kicked two 
second-half penalties it 
seemed as though Cardiff 
would nibble their way back. 

A glorious try by Wasps 
ensured they did not. Stringer 
ra n th e ball from his own 22- 
metre line and found support 
from Probyn, Bonner, the 
enthusiastic Bartholomew *nH 
Pratt. With Cardiff's defence 
drawn to one side of the fieM. 
Andrew directed a diagonal 
kick to Smith, who scored. 

Cardiff despite their grow- 
ing lineont dominance, could 
only weak Crotbers over fora 
try from a tapped penalty and 
count their blessings when a 
desperate hand prevented Bai- 
ley scoring once more. 

SCORERS: WttpB Tries: Bafey (2J. 
Sam- C o ff u ml o m. Andnpw gv Pm&r 
■ Andrew |3|. Credit: Tr&c Ring, 
re. Oommakaa: Jam. Prerefty 
i John (2). 

& N Stringer S Smith. R Reflow. R 
Lozowski. M Beley; R Andrew, N Pratt: P 
Rendafl. A Simmons, J Probyn. MRkfty.C 
Pinrregar. J Banner. 0 Peg! re. fcTRose 

frap: KBreftSanrewt 
CARDIFF: M Raver G Davies. M nog. A 
Donovan. A Ha<%; 6 John, S Cannon; J 
wmetoot A PhBps (rep: J Sooto). I 
Berman. T Crofters, M Perry, R Norear. G 
Roberts. J Scott 

0 Neyrat (France). 

Fitzgerald drops 
out and Gibson 
drops in for Irish 

By George Ace 

Mike Gibson the Younger 
dons the green jersey of Ireland 
for the first time since 1981 for 
the game against Romania in 
DuMin on Saturday week. 
Cieran Fitzgerald is dropped 
and the captaincy goes to Donal 
Lenihan. Phil Orr will win his 
Slst cap, setting a world record 
for a front row forward. And 
Michael Kiernan is in the centre 
despite the feet that he has not 
played competitively for the 
past four weds owing to a kg 

Otherwise, the deliberations 
of the Irish selectors were wholly 
predictable for the opening 
international of the season; as 
predictable, that is. as any 
outcome of sn Irish rugby 
selection meeting can be. 

Gibson, now playing 
forLondon Irish, was not in the 
30-man panel announced 10 
days ago; but according to the 
chairman of selectors, Eddie 
Coleman, he "has been 
watched". That is more than can 
be said in the case of Kiernan, 
whose selection breaks an un- 
written law that if a player 
misses bis dob match through 
■injury the week before the 
selectors meet he is not consid- 
ered or. at best, gives way to the 
ubiquitious A. N. Other. 

A fit Kieman's place was 
never in doubt but in the present 
circumstances it looks a dicey 
method of selection, no matter 
bow it turns out. 

Gibson, an extremely talented 
No. 8 when he played in ail four 
championship games in 1979, 
had his career cut short through 
injuries. He made his last inter-' 
national appearance against 
Wales in 198 1 when be came on 
as a replacement for Donal 

Injuries to Spillane and Mor- 
row almost certainly opened the 
door to Gibson's unexpected 
return and if the years have not 
dimmed his talents he is fully 
capable of justifying his 


Harfeison, who replaces Fitz- 
gerald. took over for the first 
time when Fitzgerald was in- 
jured early in die game against 
Wales in Dublin in 1984 and 
was retained for the remaining 
two matches that season against 
England and Scotland. He mer- 
its his recall although the 
decision to include Fitzgerald 
among the replacements sug- 
gests that, in the minds of the 
selectors at least, there remains 
an element of doubt. 

IRELAND: H MkMM (Undon Irtsftt T 
Rtagtaod (BaBymena), B NUBn (Oxford 
UrevresM. M Homan (Dobbin). K 
CtOMWt (tn ato n tt wR: P D— n (St MreV«fr. 

WhMH Hrebtoon (BacttraRangors). D 
HtzgaraM (Landsdowne). P Ma Uh ae s 
(Wanderers). O Laathan (Cork Conttttu- 
Son. captain). W Andaman (Dungannon^ 
N Cm (Arts). M GBwon (LondorT trishC 
Raptocrenaota: J McCoy (Bangor). C 
Fitzgerald (St Mary’s). P CoUna 

' ■’ss 

Hackney keeps 
best for last 

By Michael Stevenson 


West Hartlepool .. 



Predictable Bath 
get a fright 

By Bryan Stiles 


Bath . 



The dangers lurking in the 
international arena for England 
were perhaps exposed as Bath, 
the country's current premier 
team, almost had victory 
snatched from their grasp on 
Saturday in (his Merit table A 
game. ... 

Ud by Hill so crucial to both 
his dub and country as captain, 
scrum half and play-maker. 
Bath seemed to have the game 
in their pocket, leading 21-6 
midway through the second 
half. They had battered Bristol 
into ncar-submissioR with a 
marauding pack who had domi- 
nated everything except the 
lineout, Hill combining with his 
back row as the main strategy of 

But with such a comfortable 
lead and with their confidence at 
a high point. Bath's stereotyped 
play was laid bare as Bristol's 
enterprising backs stretched 
their cover defence wide with 
incisive handling, and then 
quickly switched their attacking 
thrust back inside to collect two 
converted tries, which brought 
them within three points of their 
opponents' score. 

Despite the dangers. Hill and 
his England half back partner, 
Barnes, persisted with their 
strategy or simply kicking for 
position or playing almost 
everything back to their for- 
wards. Before the Bristol 
fightback. Barnes had ch a nce d 
his ami on just one occasion, 
and it produced an exhilarating 

Hash of excitement by die 
sudden demonstration of rare 
enterprise. With such high qual- 
ity wings as Swift and Trevaskis 
on call a change of policy would 
surely have paid dividends. 

Bath can, of course, point to 
their victory as justification for 
persisting with their tactics, but 
it was a near-run thing. When he 
leads England Hill will have the 
incomparable Underwood and 
the thrusting Bailey to add even 
more potency, if be deigns to use 

Bristol were well served in the 
lineout by Blackmore and 
Skuse, but their pack were often 
pushed back yards at scrums, on 
one occasion by some 20 yards, 
and were so overwhelmed that 
they collapsed the s c r um near 
the Line, and Bath were awarded 
a penalty try which Barnes 
converted. He kicked two pen- 
alties to Hogg's one, to give Bath 
a 12-3 lead as die interval. 

Hill and Simpson set up 
Trevaskis for a try which was 
convened by Barnes, who 
continued to swap penalties 
with Hogg. Bristol brought the 
game alive with splendid tries 
near the end from Knibbs and 
Thomas but Bath held out for 

SCORERS: Bristol: Trior KnUbs. 
TMXM&. Cemeraioae: Hogg (2L Penaftr 
gtric Hogg ®- Bafc lift Trevufos, 
□catty ny. Comcratonc: Barnes (2V 
PentolT Boris: Bimes (3). 

BRISTOL: J WaMK J Carr. R Kofebs. S 
B Whitahaaet D Thomas. R 
P SSW. K Bogin. P Smith. A 
Skuse. A Btadunore, P PMKki, 

BATH: P Cur T Swift. V Gascon. J 
Ptfmor. B Trevtsto; S Barnes. R Hat; G 
CNtoot. G Dm*. D Solo. N Morion. N 
Redman. D Cronm, A Robeson, P 

A Wasp caught in a web: Smith in possession and in a tangle with Donovan and rang 

Gloom over Hannaford mars Lone error 


Newport’s attacking display 

By Gerald Davies 





Marcus Hannaford, who is 
included in the England squad 
to train in Portugal, was taken 
off on a stretcher ax minutes 
into the second half at Rodney 
Parade on Saturday. The liga- 
ments around his right knee 
were so severely torn that, sadly, 
there isa question mark over the 
Gloucester scrum haft's avail- 
ability for the rest of the season. 
Such is the bleak prog nosis. 

The injury occurred when 
Newport, 21-6 in the lead, fell so 
confident they ignored the ob- 
vious chance of scoring more 
points by kicking for goal a°d- 
instead opted for a short pen- 
alty. It was one of those subtle 
rushes where a forward dem- 
onstrates his particular brand of 
machismo by charging for the 
tine with others behind him to 
give a helping shove. The maul 
twisted, so did Hannaford and 
he fell awkwardly out of the 
mauL Richard Williams re- 
placed him. 

If many a match, so good 
looking m prospect, quite often 
fails, the converse can equally be 
true. This was a case in point It 
was a fine match with Newport 
winning by four tries, five 
penalties and a drop goal to 
three goals and one penalty. 

_ Gloucester had hardly had 
time to timber up when they 
found themselves reefing. With 
Newport's back row, panku- 
laxiy George, scavenging for the 
loose ball and Perry and Waters 
devouring the lineout, the borne 
team were IS points up in as 
many minutes. Quick pos- 
session gave Turner a chance to 
rule matters. CUlard. White and 
Batten all scored lovely, well- 
conceived tries from thrilling 
runs. Turner added two pen- 
alties before Gloucester were 
able to respond with an equally 
good try by Taylor — Mogg's 
pass, as be was tackled, playing a 
decisive role. This was con- 
vened by Mansell before Turner 
closed the half with another 

The six-minute delay in the 
second half while Hannaford 
was being attended to. stopped 
the momentum for a while, only 
for both teams to recover it in 
the final quarter. Turner kicked 
two penalties and a drop goal for 
the home team and Batten 
landed his second try. Glouces- 
ter for their own part scored two 
marveflous tries. The first came 
from a long, continuous han- 
dling movement with Hamlin 
finally carving through a spread- 
eagled Newport defence: The 
other came from a counter- 
attack deep within their own 
half with Breeze taking a scissors 
pass from Mansell on the half- 

way tine and running dear. 
Mansell converted both these as 
well as kicking his side's penalty. 
BCOREMt Newport Tries: J CM, J 
White, M Britan @. P a n a M a* : P Tumor 
(5). Drop wot P Tumor. Gtaioxwtar 
TiIok P Taylor. M HamSn, J Breeze. 
CuverefaeS P ManseS (3). Penalty: P 

NEWPORT: P Rees; M Batten. J Howals. 
J CeUard. j WltaK P Timor. R Stewart: F 
Hflman. H AS. R Morgan (captain). A 
Focock, R Young, A Parry, G George. D 

Waters. . 

GLOUCESTER: P Mansrit D Morgan. P 
Taylor. R Mogg, J Breeze; M Hemttn. M 
H an n a ford (raotacemont R WOBurns): M 
Praedy (captain). K Own. R Pascal. I 
Smith. P Waflaca, J Ethridge. B Fowke, M 

By Gordon Allan 


Oxford Unrv .... 



Sale's home Northern Merit 
victory against West Hartlepool 
by four goals, a try and a penalty 
to a goal two tries and three 
penalties was notable for two 
reasons, one meteorological 
one personal. 

It was played during the 
winter’s first foul weather, 
including a period of driving 
rain, and this militated against 
precise handling; also those 
present had the privilege of 
watching what must surely 
emerge as one of the richest 
talents in the English game. 

Steve Hackney represented 
England 19 Group on the wing 
only last season and the step-up 

the admirable Benjamin and 
Jenion, which he converted, 
opened a 31-13 lead. Close to 
the final whistle Evans scored a 
try for West, for Stabler to 
convert and, as folks edged 
toward the clubhouse, lew 
thought that the best rugby of 
the game was still to come, 
butHackney's swerve; speed and 
side-step carried him from his 
own 22 to a memorable try. 
SCORERS: Srie Tries HamKon m, 
Dickenson. Benjamin. Jenion. Penally; 
Jenion. C onve retane; Jenion (4). West 
Trie*: Hackney (3. Evans. 
Stabler (3). Comerafons: 


SALE: G Jenion: C Dickenson. TOufloaP 
StansfieU, H Benuen; G, Rafferty, H 
Fitton (captain); D Butcher. A Si 
CaBery/M Hamilton. C Shew. 1 
N Gaffney, M Kenrick. 

ney, M Buber. F Short. 0 Evans:.! Stabler, 
R Baker; G Cook. I Pamaby . P Flowers, K 
McGovern. D dark. S Black. B Hotter 
(captain), D MfoheL 

Mr AW Sevan (Neath). 

• There was a rash of dismissals 
in Wales where Coventry ended 
Bridgend’s unbeaten home 
record by winning 9-8 but 
Farrington (Bridgend) and 
Connolly, the hookers, were 
sent off for fighting. Neath beat 
Swansea 22-10 despite Bridge- 
water, their centre, being sent off 
for stamping. 

WELSH CUP: Abergavenny 3. Tonynrtafl 
10; Beams TO. GanSfta* 8: Briton Ferry 
20. Maesteg Quins 0; CeerpMy 38. 
UandytitaaCnmtto ft Merthyr 19; Kenfig 
HB fi. Uarefovery 7; Uandrif 16. New 
Dock Stars 20; Usnharwilft St Priors 7: 
UnnW rifi 10 . Gorsainon 6; Newport 
Saracens 21, YstaJyfera 19; Old BtydS-ts 
28. Pontanfoteie 4: OkJ Rwiarthiar* 17. 
RT8 Ebbw Vale 0; Proceed 27. LJandedo 
& PBnygraig 9. Abaravon Quins 11; 
Ponhcnri T. Biskra 21; Rhymnoy 14, 
Mountain Ash 22; South Gtam tost 12, 
Treoeger 22: Tafts Wefl 3. Aberanwi 6: 
Taiwan 14. usk 13:Tondu 13, Munttes 
3; Treoreny 15. «sca 11 ; Tytorstowm 32. 

Boroughmuir forwards warm to 
their task against local rivals 



T9 Beta 

10 Li 

Mdaeiwl 8 Covemqr 

CainMcMeUale 21 H eadwa te r 

EWm vJa ifl flifltad 

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London Wei 


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as N wikew pre n 
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22 UaneM 
48 Cnu Keys 
28 Nuneaton 
12 Ibewee 

14 Pontypridd 
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12 Veto Of Ltoto 

31 ffi t eSapo d 
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2S Cardiff 


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Mhtai Ulte N Herioft 

21 Otoagow Ased 
U JW Wd 

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18. Old AhMtsneara 
Samel 9 

BeooehamiBRS TO. Old Wtafotad onle ne 3; 
OU Blues 41. Old Rutaetaans 3: Old 
Dunetoroans 18. Guy's Honrial <k OU 
Emmiei 30. KenflwontT 4; CM Gaytoniarts 
36. Haipanden 0; OM Aak kane 3 1. Old 
Qftsnrans 13; OW KJngstwrtans 8, Or- 
leans FP 30; OW ShootanMtans 7, Old 
WesfoWflans 26; OW JWWans 18, CM 
Wanoswonrians 13; OW Veretamtans 9. 
Saffron Wridon 32: Old Wricourians 7. 

OW vflKamsonians 44. 

UWQON AND «CKmHUS7t Mem tah 

Ih lppta O Seven C ei wri ee; Soumand 9. 

yiwni «; mmm 10 . twiow « i 
d m san k fcnwn CaHae.- Brentwood 
S. Old OwtoMMos ik CtaMta *. 
Stan Manor 14 WraSrarTetoi Itarfr Eari 
tmu Calege M, Hrifow PoMftfMe *; 


hgMa rgggartf 

mmyrnnara 8. an unmans ta. ou 
W8nMworttM*n« 13; Richmond 
t h i m e wm 13. OW imn pio niam »■ 


6y» H . Hritow T9c Cmmt ietaM 9. 
frw rep ft Pm fk HI. Ctmian a A Weri- 
■ftator Hoflowa » i. oid Battm ty 
gwnwowjo. Emi tendon «, 
gtaehuni Cm eeOr re 27, c cta h e w e r to. 
OWariBr lXJtorriOn h; CMWW 3, 
Ktapun n. Cufoliiriir XL 8WWW 
^CranDraok it. Haastaan ID. Cmnofi 

■rgh \ 

■il. fa fe N n n H e afh e rn 21 


8; OW WMttftians 9, HAG 8; 

Otaey 19. Oxford Nomaoi 21; Ponsmouih 

34. PNVSfiaW B. OrpfoOon 58. Souih 
Bank Pofy 0: Oxford ID. Stafford 20: 
Poner £ Qrammanans 6, Beaconsfiau 
19: PLA 18. MnMd 10: Pritay 16. Oid 
Renaeans 13VReadtog_ 3l. EasUwgn 6: 
Wanna* ta Old Grenritartans 7; 
ReSSgeSiane 9, Smndon 2ft RveNp 7, 
Stockwoon Park 1£ SUcup 1% Henley 
laSnowoownCWiaAmforda _ 

Soakkng & Huntingdon 12: Staines 3a 
Oswrtey Tft SudQUY Own 31, OU 
Gnftns ft Sussex AAca 0. Crowhorw^gi 
S; Tawfon 27. Esher 3; Themes Pay O. 
OU Gravel e n d lens 3; Thanet Wanes 7. 
Par* House 14: vrartngoeni 3. Madway 
13; Tonbnooa a Cw*r «! 

WWta a GSngharo Aachonan* 4; Upper 
Ctaoton 19. Sotakri * i Uxsriboe 4. 
BracknaS 27; West Unoon ten 13. OW 
Meeognons 25; Wadort T3, OMT L*mt» 

ta WiveMcomM 9. Dorcnaatac 1ft 

woodtoodg* 3, IP»wicn a 

Gordon League 9. Eafcip 9: Greveswri 

35. Camerbwy&Ksywarfi Haatfr !4. Od 
Freemens 16: Haringey 16. Si ABane 14; 
f tar tod a ns 37. OU P eftam iana a Has- 
mge A BexhM 7. Hove 18: Htoc^r 18. 

• i Wic onfoe 0: Honfi a m T9. OU MW- 

ins 4ft »D(d Wanderers 9. 

i a toswicn ymCA 9, Sudtxxy M: 

John Feher OB a Od GuknonAem ift 
i Conor Hotrtri 2i. Bee 06 3:; 
“ rdia Lulon 3; Lenttury 

Bank 13, 

Boroaghmair, who took the 
entire first half to settle, ran om 
dear winners by 29-9 against 
their local rivals. Stevnut’s- 
Md rifle. The viritors had to 
make several changes before the 
game and the first period was 
notable only for the amount of 
aimless kicking by both sides 
and a well-taken try by Debusk. 

The other points came from a 
MacGregor penalty and 
dropped goaL Andrew Scot 
kicked all three StewarTs-Mel- 
viile penalties. In the second 
half the Boroughmuir forwards 
warmed to their task and consis- 
tently drove at the opposition 
with great effect. 

MacGregor stretched the lead 
with his second penalty and, 
shortly afterwards, sold a seat 
double dummy to sail in for a 
uy under the posts, which he 
also converted. MacGregor re- 
peated the move later to send 
Maguire in for a try. which 
Macartney convened. In the last 
minute. Hall completed the 
scoring with a uy following good 
work by his forwards. 

During the course of the 

second half. Siewart’s-Melvillc 

lost three men through injury. 

By Ian McLanchtan 

when Goudie left the field with 
ten min ut es to go, they were left 

In the other all-Edinburgh 
duel Academicals beat Heriot's 
FP by 24-12, a margin which 
would have been considerably 
wider had the home side pos- 
sessed a reliable goal-kicker. 

Hutchison opened the scoring 
for Academicals with a penalty 
and Dun seized on a loose ball 
behind the Heriots' tine for a 
simple try. The Academicals' 
full back, MacRae. then charged 
some 40 metres before handing- 
on to Heaney to score. Heriots' 
only reply was two penalties by 

After the restart, a Bnglass try, 
converted by Rosseit, put Her- 
iois ahead. This spurred the 
home side and a charge upfield 
by Munro and Adamson re- 
sulted in a scrum from which 
Dim nipped over for his second 
uy. Hartop scored the home 
side's other try. Hutchison con- 
verted and kicked a late penalty. 

Although winning an 
overwhelming amount of pos- 
session from their forwards, the 
West of Scnrtand backs were 
unable to create a geing 

the fiendish tackling of the 
lightweight Watsoaians ride. 

Watsonians took the lead 
with a neat Forbes dropped l 
and Gavin Hastings stretcc 
that advantage with two pen- 
alties. Seven minutes into the 
second half Forbes looped Ken- 
nedy for a try and in the dying 
minutes Gavin Hasting kicked 
his third penalty for victory over 
a dejected West side, who could 
only manage a penalty each 
from Barrett and Drummond. 

Melrose could not contain a 
rampant Hawick eight and fell 
by 16-3. Melrose opened the 
scoring with a Ftannigan penalty 
but then the visitors’ back row 
of Hogarth. McGaugbey and 
Turnbull took charge; Hawick 
were awarded a penalty try. and 
McGaughey touched down at a 
pushover. Gass converted the 
first and also added two 

Peter Dods had a personal 
total of 1 7 points from a try , two 
conversions and three penalties - Edmund Hia **S Gnffm (Cfirnt CoHge 
in Gala's 21-7 home win over 

Glasgow Academicals while an g^t^ng^ano^tl Edmund.Hal), 
inability to kick goals again waanamj, wctaeren 

With a single exception the 
Oxford University tackling was 
attentive and thorough at Rich- 
mond on Saturday. The excep- 
tion cost them the match, which 
Richmond won by two tries and 
a penalty goal to a goal and a 

Ten minutes from the end, 
with Oxford leading 9-7, 
Pennock, the Richmond right 
wing escaped from lan Me-* 
Donald, his marker, and made 
for the Oxford tine — more in 
hope than expectation because it 
was 50 metres distant and there 
were half a dozen Oxford play- 
ers between him and his objec- 
tive. He went past them all to 
score a cry to dine out on all 

Oxford scarcely deserved to 
lose: They lost the Imeouts by a' 
huge margin and in the tight 
scrums conceded five heels 
against the head. But they 
balanced these shortcomings 
with fiery driving in the loose 
and nimble touches by the back 
division which hinted at even 
better things when Multin re- 
turns from was training with the 
Ireland squad and Johnson, the 
stand-off haff recovers from a 
dead leg. 

There were nine Blues in the 
Oxford team and the word is 
that they have good cover for 
most positions, including David 
Thresher, a lock, brother of the 
Harlequins full back. AH this, 
plus the arrival of experienced 
Multin and Cal era ft. the Austra- 
lian flanker, suggest unusual 
strength in depth. 

The game was played at a 
hectic pace with much careless 
passing. But all the tries were 
pleasing. Ailum scored Rich- 
mond's first from neat combina- 
tion between Hampel and his 
centres. Risman sold a dummy 
on half-way and Kennedy came 
into the line to release Duthie 
for Oxford's try. 

SCORERS: Richmond: Tries: Alum. 
Pennock. Penalty: Smith. Oxtort Univer- 
sity: Try: Duthie. Conversion: Kemedy- 
PensJty: Kennedy. 

RICHMOND: A Hampel (caMn); S 
Pennock, J Heaton. M Drane, S Aflum: S 
Smith. J Cdifert: C MBs. T Manmeeu, D 
Goodwin. D Sole. M Stager. A Merer. D 
Kenrangtmm. C Vyvyan. 

lace HS Lisburn end KeWefc "R Vessey 
(Martafen CS and Green), ”R Rydon 

— * — and Pembroke). A Duthte 

. National Untaare ft y and 
McDonald (CheatSe Hume HS 
srt *J Risman (WMunton Cot- 
Edmund Ha*). *S Roberts 
GS and Exeter* T Wflfis 
Colage and Si Ednamd HaUL 
lymouth Calege and Kabie). S 
Ferguson (Royal Belfast AI and St 

to senior rugby, especially in Enghnd squad have on 
physical terms, is a huge one. On October 28 for four days m 
Saturday be was magnificent, Portugal, but Hannaford, the 

showing pace, flair, eiuriveness 
and, perhaps above all initia- 
tive. Judged on natural talent, 
he is certainly worthy of 
'comparison with the likes of 
Rory Underwood and Mike 

Another unqualified success 
was Sale's recent acquisition, 
Mark Hamilton, a hard skilled 
constructive flanker. Benjamin, 
their left wing, also had a 
magnificent match. Jenion. for 
Sale, and Stabler 

third scrum half in the squad, 
may not necessarily be replaced 
(David Hands writes). 

David Egerton, the Bath 
No. 8, another member of the 
national squad, was given an 
injection on Friday to help 
alleviate a cracked vertebra and 
reacted poorly and did not play 
on Saturday, although be hopes 
to have his first game of the 
season during the coming week. 


early penalties. The game's 
try followed a tap 
Kenrick fed Benjamin on 
burst and, as be was tackled 
indies from the line, he palmed 
the ball adroitly to Hamilton, 
who scored for Jenion to con- 
vert Stabler’* second penalty 
made n 9-6 at the intervaL 

Hackney’s first try followed a 
try for Sale by Dickenson, which 
Jenion converted. Bntler 
chipped d iago n ally, Hackney 
steamed up. tapped the bafl 
delicately and won the race for 
the touchdown. Hamilton’s sec- 
ond try was a' beauty. He took 
Finon's pass in broken play, 
side-stepped tike class-centres 
used to do and scored by the 
post for Jenion again to convert. 

Stabler's third penalty kept 
West in contention but tries by 

P W 










































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50 3033 


Lon. Scot 























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25 SSuS7 






































Lon. Irish 
















Higgin makes amends 
with late dropped goal 

By Michael Stevenson 

at Ltandaff HS and 
(Scots CoMfifl. 

proved the downfell of Jed- Sydney and Brasenwe). *C MacDonald 
Forest as they lost 13-6 to Kelso, (0 ^ esan 
missing six attempts in alL 

i CoHega. SA and Unfverwty). 

*A 0UB. 

Referes C Debet (Totflouse). 

Vale of Lone continued their 
triumphant progress on Sat- 
urday at Roandbay. where they 
won 15-1 2. but the losers scored 
the game’s only try and it 
needed a dropped goal in injury 
lime to poach Vale’s victory in a 
John Smith's Merit table C 
match. That success leaves Vale 
alongside Metropolitan Police 
and Fylde (who have only 
played one game) as the only 
teams with a 100 per cent 

Roundhay, deadly on the 
counter despite the rain and 
gale-force wind, led when 
Lineham scored from a charged- 
down kick by Higgin, and 
Brown, who kicked their two 
penalties, converted. Four pen- 
alties from Higgin, doubtless 
eager to make amends, ensured 
the scores were level well into 
injury time but his vita! dropped 
goal, his ninth oftheseason, was 
all the more remarkable in that 
it was kicked with bis left, and 
unfavoured. fooL 

OrrelL trailing 10-6 at Etfee 
Hall Road, produced a forceful 

performance in the second half 
to earn a convincing 37-16 

victory as Gosfarth, badly dis- 
rupted by injury, tired visibly. 
Among OrrelTs second-half 
scorers, Caiieton, enjoying his 
new career as a centre, and 
Ain sco ugh, who provided one of 
the few touches of dass in a dour 
midweek county match, both 
contributed a couple of tries. 

Durham City are one of the 
most improved teams m the 
north. They duly registered a 
good win at Broughton Parle 22- 
TZ after leading 10-3 at half- 
time through a pushover try and 
two penalties by Bland. Park 
dominated the game's third 
quarter but bad only two further 
penalties from O'Brien, the 
former Irish international full 
back, to show for h. That carried 
Park to within a point of the 
visitors but tries by Smith and 
Kircup, both of which Bland 
converted, guaranteed 
Durham’s victory. 

The game's outstanding 
player was Bob Anderson. 
Durham's veteran flanker. He 
was a doubtful starter for the 
match and had he not played, 
the result might well have been 

ft 0U Afleyiws 20: 
It Marten SI 

Lefgtnop BuzzanJ 
28. Kavart 12: Lfoyi 
19; London Hgaptti .. 

Miaenneed 23. Bmtwy 2t 
OU ta tawort toeni t Mel Poft» No.4 
OMfetaStaMV Wanda IS; iMtand Bank 
of EMUrt ft Ml HJ> 26. Barclays Bank 6: 
NORTHER* BtaMod 25. UMST *\ 
Broughton Pate it Dtatam Cay 22: 

(tend ft Cheati* ift MMM 14: Wra 

H4 » Wfoo 

Mimafota 9ft Hal «W Eawjwng w. 


Dta ft H whiewB 9, Stolon 9. Ent Dlv fc 

Qreflar MmcMW fn Senec# 7. Ash- 

totHmMf-LjN 12 


England to protest 

Irak Sugiano, flic top seed in 
the men's singles, has pulled out 
of next week's British Airways 
Masters championships at the 
Albert Hall The winner of this 
year's World Cup. Sreiarto will 
be replaced in the five-strong 
Indonesian party by Eddy 
Kura >a wan. Sugiarto, who is 
reported to be side. w31 be 
replaced in the men's smites 
draw by Canada's Mike Butter. 

Other Indonesians due to play 
in London are Imekfe Kum- 
iawan and Rosiana Tcndean. 
who are seeded second in the 
women's doubles, and Sotamo 
Hadibowo and Eddy Hanono.. 
the third seeds in the men's 

ly, the Indonesians 
had planned to bring 12 players 
to England but after a disastrous 
showing b the recent Asian 
Gaines they derated id pull out 
After compbinu from the En- 
glish Badminton Association 
they relented and agreed to send 
five players. 

But Caroline Searte. an EBA 
spokeswoman, said: “We will be 
making a strong protest about 
this to the international federa- 
tion. Their actions lave dam- 
aged our l oun i a mem and 
completely wrecked this week's 
Danish Open. None of them 
have come over for that and I 
should think the Danes will take 
the mater further as wefl." 


Lombardy for 

Milan. Reuter — Gianbanista 
Baronchelli, of Italy, showed all 
the class of 12 years as a 
professional to win the 1 65-mile 
Tour of Lombardy yesterday, 
beating Ireland's Sean Kelly by 
13 seconds with Phil Anderson, 
Australia, third. 

At 33. Baronchelli com- 
mented: “It's feshionable to be 
old at the moment," He was 
referring to the recent exploits of 
Francesco Moser. 35. who has 

twice broken the sea-levd hour 
record. Second place brought 
Kelly's Super Prestige total to a 
final winning 910 points, 

RESULT: 1, G-8 BanmMfe 0ft 7hr Into 
7sac. 2. 5 Kefly flre) at IS sacs ft P 
AMewn (Aisfc 4. L Seta H ntner 
(S«l; 5. A Da S*« ft P Gft f ppo n » 

m. same tan* ** 7. J Mw4*F(Si)to 
7-03; 8. A AcfcHfRBm {&*), 7:30. 


Kodama the fastest 

Peking (AP) — Taisuke 
Kodama. of Japan, won the 
! 986 Peking international mara- 
thon yesterday with this year's 
world best time. Kodama's time 
of 2hr 7min 35sec was O.I6sec 
faster than the year's previous 
best set by Robert de Castella, of 

RESULTS- 1. T Kodama (Japan). 2tir 
7nwv35Mc: 2. K to (Japan), Sffsf: ft J 

2:13,l5^aSu Stadun (CtaaL fttS.lft 

9. 1 BUS jGBL 2:1021-, 10. M Tfc*o 

(jepanj, 2.1327. 

• Northern dubs led from start 
to finish in the national six stage 
road relay championship at 
Smton Park. Birmingham yes- 
terday. Copeland's Paul Taylor 
led on the opening stage. Bingtey 

Harriers went ahead for the next 
two laps, and Gateshead's Geoff 
Turnbull put the holders ahead 
on lap Four. Colin Walker and 
Gary Nagel kept Gateshead in 
front to the finish, reached in 
lhr 24min 27see. As last 
Tipton were second and 
ford third, on this occasion 
respectively 23sec and 53sec 
behind Gateshead. 

The fastest lap was run by 
Rogen Hackney, of Aldershot 
and Faroham. who ran I3min 
33sec on the fourth stage, just 
one second faster than 
Leicester's Craig Mochrie. 
RESULTS: 1. Gasshem Hanforo, lhr 
24mm 27 sec; ft Tenon Harters, 1:24.50; 
ft Sired ord. 120ft); 4, BmOtay Hamers. 

1 2523; 5. AUershoi and Famfiam. 
1:25.47; ft Bristol. 125A8. Fastest lap: R 
Hackney (AktarshotL 1 3mfo 33sec. 


Hillcroft step 
in manfully 

Hillcroft men's dub staked a 
strtu^ claim for team of the year 
when single handedly they beat 
the combined might of Kenton 
and league champions Hamp- 
stead by five goals to four in the 
final of the South of England 
counties tournament at Orping- 
ton on Saturday. 

The North of Thames dubs 
made up the Middlesex side but 
when London University failed 
to respond to a call for players. 
Hiflcroft had to take on alone 
London's mantle. 

RESULTS: Group t Mkfcflesoc 5 . Surrey 4; 
Sumy 4. Weatsm Counties 0; MkkSesex 
6, Western Cowritas ft Goup Ik London 
4. Essex 4; Essex 5. Kern 4; Kent ft 
tenoon g. pl ay ef t s; Kent 4. We s tern 
Counties ft Essex 4, Sumy ft Rnefc 
London 5. MflkMsex 4. 
















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Dancing Brave 
in fine shape 
to lead British 
raiding party 

By Michael Seely 

Dancing Brave, champion 
racehorse of Europe and the 
spearhead of Britain’s power- 
ful raiding party for the S10 
million Breeders 7 Cup day at 
Santa Anita on November 1, 
wotted in good style at 
Pulborough yesterday morn- 
ing and is to be flown to the 
United States on Friday. 

“He's in tremendons 
shape,” said Geoff Lawson, 
Guy Harwood's brother-in- 
law. “Dancing Brave will gal- 
lop again on Tuesday and 
Thursday and will also have a 
couple of work-outs in Santa 
Anita before the big day." 

A lust for California gold, 
1986 style, seems to be 
consuming all the top Euro 
pean trainers. Both Patrick 
Bianco ne and Jim Bolger axe 
now going prospecting in 
“them thar hills” with Trip- 
tych and Park Express, who 
finished first and third respec- 
tively in Saturday’s Dubai 
Champion Stakes. 

Neither man has yet de- 
cided whether to take on 
Dancing Brave in the $2 
million mile-and-a-half event 
on turf or go for the S3 minion 
Breeders’ Cup Classic, which 
is run over 10 furlongs on dirt. 
“We’ll only go for the grass 
race if the ground is soft,” said 

Previously placed in six 
consecutive group one races. 
Triptych was predictably go- 
ing to pm her act together one 
day. And on Saturday, in the 

hands of Tony Cruz, five 
times champion jockey of 
Hong Kong, she showed 
outstanding acceleration to 
sprint clear of her field. 

Although tiring at the finish, 
she held on to beat Celestial 
Storm by three-quarters of a 
length with Ray Cochrane's 
objection to the winner being 
quickly overruled. Celestial 
Storm stays in training and 
will go for the top middle 
distance races next season. 
Luca Curaani also confirmed 
that Then Again runs in the 
Breeders’ Cup Mile. 

After Untold had finished 
sixth in the Champion, Mi- 
chael Stoute announced that 
Shahrastani would now be 
retired to stud in Kentucky 
and would there fore not be 
meeting Dancing Brave for the 
fourth time in California. “It’s 
a long way to take him and 
Santa Anita’s a pretty tight 
track," he said. 

Sonic Lady, however, after 
an impressive Saturday work- 
out, remains on target for the 
Breeders’ Cup Mile. A de- 
cision about Green Desert will 
be taken today. 

Sure Blade, after drifting in 
the market from 9-4 to 100-30, 
foiled to act in the soft ground 
and came in eighth. “He’s 
come home in good shape;” 
said John Hills, the trainer’s 
son. “He's only lost about 81b 
and if he keeps well well go for 
foe Carieton F Burke Handi- 

Bien Dorado for treble 

Scarlet Blade fends off Bashayor (Na2) azxd Flood Mali: (hidden) to win Newmarket's Houghton Stakes 

cap at Santa .Anita two days 
after the Breeders’ Cup." 

Asteroid Field is to be 
aimed at the $400,000 Yellow 
Ribbon Stakes on the Sunday 
in California and Rejuvenate, 
foe stable's winner of the Park 
Hill Stakes, runs in foe Prix 
Royal Oak (French St Leger) 
next Sunday. 

The overnight changed 
ground was also responsible 
for a turn-up in the Tote 
Cesarewitch. Sneak Preview 
was unable to cope with foe 
conditions and finished un- 
placed behind Orange HilL 

Ridden by Richard Fox, 
Orange Hill was repeating the 
1 976 success of John Cherry in 
the race for Jeremy Tree, who 
owns and who bred foe winner 
in partnership with Bob 

Henry Cecil completed a 
double with Scarlet Blade and 
Gwydion, who is now a 
possible for foe Breeders’ Cup 
Sprint after landing odds of 
11-8 on in foe Bentinck 

Overseas raring, page 38 

By Mandarin 

Ben Hanbary, who has aa excellent 

success nrte with his runaers north of foe 

border, can hunch another saaxssfid 
Scottish raid today when I expect BIEN 
the last two races at Hamilton Park. 

Only last Tuesday at Ayr, F o urth 
Tudor and Bien Dorado provided the 
Newmarket trainer with a doable. Now 
the latter is napped to complete aa 
October treble in the Symington 

Since opening his account at Haydock 
Park 17 days ago, Bien Dorado has been 
raised 161b by the hand w ap per and this 
race re p resent s one of his best chances to 
nm off his old mark. 

Strictly on a point of h an dica pping. 
Bien Dorado shook! not confirm Ayr 
form with StHy Boy. who finished Chant 
and is now 71b better off for a two-length 
defeat. However, the half-length warning 
margin (fid not reflect Bien Dorado's 
sup er i o ri ty over his field on that occa- 

He should again have the measme of 
SHly Boy and has shown fiffiriwr 
improvement in the last month to suggest 
he can reverse Nottingham September 
form with Actualizations. 

Mevagissey also ran at Ayr last 
Tuesday and. considering it was the first 

nee «f hhr fife, the Julio Mariner colt 

produced a fine effort to divide Picea and 
Rssini Rriatam. He sbonM confirm 
that form with the latter in Che Abington 
Maiden Stakes. 

VALENTINE SONG, seventh to 
Gold Fee on her debar me Newmarket 
earlier this month, can ftdfil that promise 
by beating Lady's Mantle in the opening 
Munkotnm Maiden Stakes. However, 
the latter's trainer, John Dunlop, should 
not l eave wifhoot a winner as ANGEL 
CTTY has outstanding claims In the 
Thaabmoq Auction Stakes. 

The Anadd trainer shook! also be on 
foe ant at ijiwnw with DOMINO 
(4L45L The Utter’s debat third behind 
Schnifarra and Chorion at Goodwood 
appeared a sound effort at the time bat 
looks eves better now as that pair have 
since won three races between them. 

My other principal fiuncy at the 
Midlands track is WAAJIB, who did 
weB to B"kii seventh from a had draw in 
foe Cambridgeshire and is weighted to 
confirm the form with Chief Pal (tenth) 
la the Hedgehog Stakes. 

With aa eye to the future, the 
Whitsbmy Manor Stakes should prove 
tiie most informative rare at Chepstow. 
In what looks a particularly competitive 
contest, my vote goes to Gay Harwood’s 
e fc vre Newcastle wi n ner. ZARBYEV. 



By Mandarin 

2.15 Valentine Song. 

245 Acka’s Boy. 

3.15 Firmly Anached. 

3.45 Angel Gty. 

4.15 BIEN DORADO (nap). 

4.45 Mevagissey. 

By Our Newmarket 

2. 1 5 Valentine Song. 
245 Naughty Nightie. 

3.15 Crown Justice. 

3.45 Another Nonsense. 

4.15 Bien Dorado. 

4.45 Russian Relation. 


Going: good to soft Draw: middle to high numbers best up to Gf 

215 MURDOSTOUN MAIDEN FILLIES STAKES (2-Y-O: £685: 5f) (12 rumen) 

I Banter (7) 

2 (5) 

3 {4} 

4 (8) 
7 (3) 
9 (Ip) 

10 (11) 

12 P) 

13 R| 

14 (12) 

15 (6) 
1 « ( 1 ) 
17 PJ 

0000 BROOKHEAD (TOIL (Mrs GR MS) JWison 8-11 

0 CMDBiELUL DEREK (Ms H Myers) M McCormack 8-11. 
DEI0VE (p BSttMrt) A fefley 8-1 1 . 

400000 FRIVOLOUS LADY (V)(R Reynolds) BStevwm 811 

000033 LADY'S MANTLE (Duka of Merfearaugh) J Dunlop 8-11 - 
MRS DARLING (Lord Rorchester) W Hastings-Bass 8-11 . 

202002 PREBBER VDEO (K Lawaricfc) J Berry 811 

00400 RMG BACK (Sporting Shares Lid) D Lesfla 8-11 

00 RtVERSTVLE(PDtwson)M Britain 8-11. 

SPRING SUNSET (F WtotJ) □ Arbumnot 8-1 1.1 

TR IC KLE (S Johnston) W Hsigh 8-11 

0 VALENTINE SONG (Cheveley Raric Stud) J Wfinor8-11 . 

— GOnMald 

— G Franck 

, B Thomson 

. R Linos (3) 

~ JMKams 

— KDarfay — 
-MWIgbam — 

— D NfcboBs — 
~ A Mackey *99 

• 12-1 
or — 

— re-5 
— 8-1 
91 8-1 
77 — 


1885: foeenOMs'sGM 8-11 P Robinson (5-l)M Ryan 6 ran 

Z45 BLACKWOOD SELLING HANDICAP (£1,206: 6f) (20 runners) 

1 (10) 

2 (4) 

3 m 

A (1 4) 
6 (12) 
10 (9) 

12 (3) 

13 (16) 

14 (19) 

15 (2) 

17 (20) 

18 (17) 

19 (13) 

20 (15) 

21 (!) 

22 (5) 

23 (5) 
26 (11) 
28 (7) 

IVOC NV>BU(Y(Mi3» SAnmstrangJG Htifte 382- 
JERSEY MAID «(B&t#C Tinkler 882., 

OP- SPARKLING WIT (M TUcker) D Tucker 4-1IHL. 
000 LOCHMAR (Mre EWeinsiain)G Balding 88-12 

032010 SAMBA LASS (D) (B Botam) T Barron 3-8-9 . 
0410000 LE MANS (B) (TInMS of W&vfl J Mflson 8&4L. 


, A Dicks (7) 

. J1 

R Carter (5) 

JUST A 8TT (BJJ) (M W Easteftty) M W Easterly 4-84. 

WMNH4G FORMAT (B0 (J Fox) P Mattn 3-8-4 

STEVEJAN (S Rea) B Morgan 4-8-3 

. □ DnflMd 

FADDMjtON BniF (V) (Mss D Jarvis) B Savons 3-8-1 G French 

VINTAGE LADY (R Francis) R Francis 4-8-1 S Webster 

AMPLIFY (M Britain) M Brittain 881 K Darin 

NAUGHTY MGHTY (B) (Lady Nelson) M Tompkins 3-83 . 
SOwemEW (Min M StkAland) R Wooiticium 38-2 . 

as — 

84 9-2 


96 F7-2 
87 — 
96 5-1 

SMRLY ANN (Mrs N Macaulay) Iks N Macaulay 48-0. 
ACKA*8 BOY (G AOdnsonj D Moffatt 4-88 (5ex). 

OUR MUMSIE (W VMson) N Bycroft 87-13 

400030 KING DOLE (P CoKquhoun) Mre G ReveJey 4-7-13. 

302400 GOLDS) DSC (J Lenlhan) M Camacho 4-7-10 

002000 RICH BITCH (Mre E State) D Chapman 3-7-8 

. G SaKbaal (7) 
R Unas (3) 

M Fiy 

98 10-1 

91 — 

96 14-1 

97 8-1 


A Proad — 

1988: Ycflow Boar 38-3 T Partes 00-1) J Partes 13 ran 

3.15 BRA1DWOOD NURSERY HANDICAP (2-Y-O: £1 ,629: St) (18 runners) 

0031 MEAOOWBANK (CO) (R Songster) MW Dickinson 87 D 

2030 GREBTS OLD HASTBI (R Gram) W Jarvis 9-4 

231001 OUMJN (CO) (pBuddate)S Notion 9-1 


( 2 ) 




( 6 ) 



203440 BONN FREE AGAW OT (R BwniH) L PiggoW I 
030400 BRUTUS (Dowager lady Bute) JSVWson 8-13. 
404002 JUST ONE OWNER (E Bdm) E Bc*n 8-12 . 

21 ( 12 ) 
22 (16) 
25 (17) 
27 (8) 

31 (14) 

32 (3) 

35 (13) 

37 (1!) 

38 (15) 
41 (10) 

200013 FIRMLY ATTACHED (D) (Mre J Ramadan) T Barron 8-7 . 

402001 AFRABELA (D) (A Wragg) M Brittain 88 

2320 MUFAN (G Wright) W Musson 8-4 

01 CROWN JUSTICE CD) (K Al-Satd) N Caflaghan 8-3- 

00003 ROSE UNSET (Mrs R Lane) J Payne 8-2 

430000 FLAM PARK (D) (J Lhrock) □ Thom B-l - 

02003 IffiY-AMADEUS (D Alan) P MkcheS 8Q_ 

B Thomson 
_ A Mackey 

- NCariWt 

— KDartay 
. M Wflham 
. GDuHWd 
BardweO (7) 
. S' 


00000 MR BERKELEY (B) (County Prop & Dev Lid) CTmklar 7-13. 
040004 MR MUMBLES (S Freeman) G BaWmg 7-10. 

300004 SUPHHME OPTUMST (Gf) (G BteaodeJej R Peacock 7-8- 

024 JAMES OWL (J Vernon) w Pearce 7-8 

040000 JUST A DECOY (MBtedes)N Bycroft 7-7 

M Fry 

— . A Proud 
__ a French 

1985c Beechwood Cottage 7-0 G Bardwsfl (8-1) A Bday 11 ran 

3A5 THANKERTON AUCTION STAKES (2-Y-O: £685: 1m 40yd) (9 runners) 

1 (8) 0041 WHITE OF MORN (B) (P Durkan) M McCormack 9-7 

2 (7) 0042 ANGEL CITY (G Humphries) J Dunlop 3-11 

3 (4) 
( 6 ) 



11 ( 1 ) 
15 (5) 
18 (2) 

ANOTHER NON8BISE (B Haggas) M Prescott 8-11 . 

0 CHARLIE MLORD (E EMn) E EJdri 8-11 

MBBADGE(F Salman) M Prescott 8-11 

0 PRflETTAPRBfCEfP lands) WPBffiES 8-11 

0 ROCKETS OAK (B Mwgan) B Morgan 8-11 . 

W Wharton 
. GDoffMd 

- Al 

304 WICHITA SPRMGS (A Budge) Jimmy Fitzgerald 8-1 1 

3000 IN A SPIN (R Hebp) M Brittain 8-8 

198S: Bmazaka 88 W Woods (2-1 fm) M Jards 8 ran 

. DD'Amy (7) 

— DMcboBs 

— J Green (5) 

4.15 SYMINGTON HANDICAP (£2,192: 1m 40yd) (18 runners) 

a (3) 024 JAMES' PAL (J Vernon) W Paarco 4-S-7 . 

(5) 100000 SH-VER CAfMON (B) (Q Harper) R WoodhOc 


7 (12) 3/0000-0 ewaSTMAS CXJTTAGE (Mrs P Mason) A RoOson 8^5- 

N Cdmorton 
. S Hostler (7) 
_ RYfcfcm 

9 (8) 
if m 

13 n® 

14 (14) 
16 ( 2 ) 
17 (7) 
24 (8) 

26 m 

27 (18) 

29 (1 SI 
31 an 

34 (4) 

37 (17J 

38 (16) 

39 (6) 

400011 8ZN DORADO (D) (Mrs A Manning) B Hanbury 3-8-5 (8aX) AQaran(5) 

141020 DUELLING (V.CO) (MfS B Jatnrzon) P MSCtteA 5-98 fl Carter (S) 

022300 RUN BY JOVE (B) (S Dinsmors) P Haston 3-9B G French 

100000 PATCHBURGC (T Kelso) W Haigh 4-8-12 G OufhaM 

03424 ACTUALIZATIONS (BF) (R Stokes) L Cuntanl 34-10 Rl 

000003 S0XY BOY (CO) (N Bycroft) N ByOOft 6-8-10 

200140 IZZY GUNNER (T Lsafiy) A Rotnon 3-8-4 . 

030130 PHBJ0S0PMCAL (G Cumrdng) W Musson 3-8« 
000000 SOJJTOE (Mis J de flothachfld) E Incea 4^8. 
040-010 PRTCEOFLOVE (J Calvert) D MoUatt B8-1 — - 
00000 FLYING ZIAD (T Liang) A BaBey 3-8-0. 

030100 RUSTIC TRAapSnWODonysSmilh 6-7-12 

003430 THKTSBfTH FftTOAY (E Jobs) W Pence 4-7-7-^—, 
040400 HACK WVei(B) (Mrs D Brewster) MHEas»rt)y 5-7-7. 
000004 MASTER MUSIC (M Brittain} M Brittain 3-7-7 


- MBencraft 
. J Own (5) 

— A Mackey 
M Fry 

. LChareock 




91 — 

92 4-1 
98 3-1 
» — 

89 — 
98 — 
92 6-1 
95 — 

92 3-1 

90 — 
m — 
88 — 
90 — 
97 — ■ 

93 — 

• 99 re-2 
81 — 

80 4-1 
• 99F6-4 

— 31 
— 131 

— 12-1 

98 31 
95 31 

89 — 

90 — 

■ 99F4-1 
90 31 

— 92 

— 83 
96 98 
98 12-1 

a 35 

90 — 

87 — 
92 14-1 
81 131 

88 — 
88 14-1 

1965: CnTs Music 4-7-13 K Daisy (131) M Brittain 17 ran 

4.45 ABINGTON MAIDEN STAKES (3-Y-O: £751: 1m 44) (12 runners) 

3 (3) 

4 ao 

8 (9) 

12 m 

is (4) 
17 (11) 
10 ( 2 ) 
20 (5) 
"“25 (12) 
28 (8) 
M (1) 
31 m 

0 DNECTLY (Miss B Swire) G Baking 30.. 

3 DUNAN HaUCd J Berry) I Baking 8-0.. 

2 MEVAGISSEY (B Htmtaay) B Hanbwy 30. 

002 OUR HERO (Derudey Wood Racing Ltd) J Dutop 98 . 

OS RUSSIAN RELATION (Shofth Mohammed} L Qvnanl ML 

303002 ABCnAFnE(HXa9tel)BW4 311 

000000 BREGUET(Ekicisa)Eindta311. 

3 GALAXY PRMCESS (Murray Athol hi LHODMofiatt 311. 
440000 MRSMAJNWARBIG(1WagoLfli9ureL*flSMooDn311- 
0423 PRWCESS6WIIA(SteWi Mohammad) MSBuB 3H~~ 

223224 RED SHOES (BF) (The Quean) W Ham 311 

44003 SANET (BJBFJCRoldWle LW)P teHewoy 311 — 

. JWMams 

96 — 



. G OuffMd 

82 12-1 

— R Guest 

98 82 


90 12-1 


77 — 

J Oaten (5) 

— — 

— JLom 

89 14-1 

— M Birch 

94 11-2 

Rite** (3) 

95 181 

. D Nichols 


1985: Sterne 8-9 W Woods pW fav) G Harwood 15 ran 

Course specialists 

M Swots 
M Prescott 
>4H Eastarby 

Mrs Gnoyetey 


Warners Ri 


. 16 

. 9 










■ GDuffieSd ' 








J Lowe 















0 USsbafte 









starts well 

By Christopher Gonklisg 

David Nicholson and his new 
stable jockey, Richard 
Dun woody, were in cracking 
form at Stratford on Saturday 
when they teamed up to com- 
plete a four-timer with Long 
Engagement Rouspeier, Little 
Sloop and Sicilian Passage. “1 
was delighted for Richard. It 
was a great way to start a new 
season and a partnership." 
Nicholson said. 

Britain will no longer have a 
representative in the Breeden 
Cup Chase next month. Nichol- 
son had hoped to get Very 
Promising ready but now feds u 
will come too soon and be will 
go instead for the Mackeson 
Gold Cup. Charcoal Wally wall 
also miss the race and runs next 
in the H & J Walker Goddess 
Chase at AscoL 

Everett again showed his lik- 
ing for Kempton Park on Sat- 
urday when he won foe 
Charisma Gold Chase for foe 
thud successive year. Fulke 
Walwyn, his astute trainer, said: 
“He has always had trouble with 
his back. We might let him run 
in the Hennessy again.” 

Ginger McCain made a 
triumphant return to Kempton 
after a 10-year absence— his last 
runner on the course was Red 
Rum. McCain saddled 
Honeygrove Banker to win foe 
Captain Quist Hurdle and 
saidTHe’s the best Tve trained 
since the old horee." 

Geordie Dun celebrated his 
28fo birthday by riding three 
winners — Northern River, 
Biras Creek and Valiant Wood 
- at Kelso. By The Way, foe 
winner of foe 1985 Whitbread 
Gold Cup, made a winning 
seasonal debut in foe Anthony 
Marshall Chase on foe Scottish 

Saturday’s results 

Newmarket Banoor 

J.AS t. Bm ten (3TL 2. P*coodg« ^ 

115 1. Smreen Sound (15 -8 ter): 2, 
Spartan Nature (11-4); 3, Fttwvfe (31). 5 

ZM 1, Nature Break (10330); 2. Rivor 
Warrior (32); 3. BashW Lid (1033 0). 
HMO KAnay 7-4 ter. 5 ran. 

3.15 1. Hopo End (7-1). 2. Ranrgto»4); 
3. Ftttv AfflMny (2-1 ter).6rin.NR;lten 

345 1. Mtaty SonMt (15-8 ter); 2. East 
Park (25-11: 3. Goldon Barerd (12-1). 12 
ran nr. ABC Suponnr. 

4.15 1. Shady Lapaey (25-lk 2. 
TharaMos(34teO:3. Mount** Man(7-4). 
5 ran. NR; Lo Sov 

ZJtO 1. Tirtycft (4- It 2. Catassal SBrm 
(S-U: 3. Park Express 131 ter) II ran. 

3J1. Orangvttl 031 1:2. Markon rS- 
1): 3. Uksrula |11-2 tot 4. Accuracy (33 

3M 1. Sorttf BM (10330); Z 
Ssstayer (2-1 ten: 3. Rood Marti (25-1}. 
12 ran NFt Traoara Dxncar. 

1): 3. Boscva (131). 10raa 

4.40 1. PMaar«ang(3Tfc2. Our Jock 
(131); 3. Zaunari*.!). 4. Gann Boy (33 
1) AkraroH 1 f-2 tav. 24 ran. 


2.10 1. SMy ni-8 _ 
Leader (4-H: 3. Last CPord 
2.45 1. Doon 
Solent Express (7-Ifc 3. 
Davala 9-« jt-ter. 8 ran. 


2. Balkan 
:) 7 ran. 
jMjnL 2. 
Dm (7-2) 


2.15 1, Northarn Rtw (34 teA Z Sk 

taw 13 ran. X15 l.LanyHM (10330 (mkS 

, Honeywowe Banter (7-4): 2. Six 
32); 3. Fo«y HA (14-1). BMndars 

350 1. Wir&M (4-9 tawb 2. Baatt 
Nash (31); 3. On Oanny Boy (T2-1L 5ran. 

420 l,Madier(5-4 raw); Z Stu Captain 
(11-2); 3. Blazing High (7-4). 8 ran. NR; 
Good Gane 

4.50 1. Lost Oppaa a br (11-4): 2, 
Treasure Hunter (5-lj; 3. MamersDmm 

(4-5 taw). 5 ran. 

Kempton Park 

120 1. Butter’s Pet (31b 2, Monger (3 
1): 3. Life Guard (4-1). 8 ran. Tenzing 2-1 

Snot (132); 

Choce5-4 ter. 5 ran. 

2.40 1. Everett (11-8 lav); 2. Caste 
Warden {132k 3. BKMwgh Bndga (23 1). 
7 ran 

320 1. RsgonteaaMght (2-1 ter): 2. 
DowWeton (5-2): 3. Fast R«gM (5-1). 5 ran. 

350 1.Crisp (6-1); 2. Mount Bofas (7-1): 
NR: Capa. Hi High. 

420_1,r ‘ “ 


Cuckoo m 


25 1. Cut A Caper (7-1): 2. Hone y cre ft 
(7-2 favl: 3. Seasoned Emrier (6- ij. TO ran. 

230 1. Long Enra 
Boy (11-a: 3. Pnce 
Mouse 4-5 ter. 6 ran. 

3j 0 1, Rouspatar (8-1); 2 Gea-A pi-i); 
3. St AlezBn (7-2 ter). 

330 1, Aonoch (4-9 favh 2. Branski (4- 
1); 3. Kathies Lad (12-11. 7 ran. 

4 M 1. Master Ban (7-2 ter); 2, _ 
(8-1). 3. General Bugle (4-1). 8 ran. NR: 

420 1. Utte Stoop (34 lav); 2. Bkiechre 
(6-lk 3. String Prayer (4-1). 7 ran. 

3L0 1. Skd£ao Psnag* (85-W lav): 2 
Unihoc (131). 3, Chamo«xi Gal (5-1). 

MQM. m nign. 

20 l.ftasfcn Mate (31);2. Kerry hter 
I (85-401. 3, Rtcmar (1 1-2}. 8 ran. NR: 
Koo In The NesL 

Larry HM (10330 ter); 2 CaM 
as-n: 3. Moumgeorae (5-1). 7 can. 

3.45 1. By tire Way (11-10 te« Z Mas 

4.15 t. Bkaa Creek CM5: Z Famy 
Rabat (34 fav): 3. What A Lwe (n-fl). o 

<45 1. Strictly Buakwsa (1-3 fav); 2. 
Nipknowes (2-1). 2 ran. NR: Gods Law. 

Blinkered first time 

latcaswn 245 FMux Design, Ripster. 
345 Donor. 5.15 Spy GMt 
Hantem: 245 Naughty Wghty. 4.45 

Chaprtuw: 130 Fouz. Fun Ofljrte. 230 
Anne Champion. 30 Respect 4.0 
S'wlts ra. 

Leaders on the Flat 







HCacfl < 

107 70 40 



G Harwood 

107 61 38 




96 77 74 



M Stoute 

73 68 59 




62 49 43 




59 49 42 



R Hannon 

54 62 46 



8 HAS 

53 62 57 


-131 JO 


Pat Eddery 
W Carson 
G Starkey 
G Duffle*! 

R Cochrane 
WRSwnbum 82 74 79 
Tlves 71103 73 

H W M 1 

170113 93 
142130 94 
96 55 II 
92 73 68 
83101 65 










‘ Selections 

By Mandarin 

1.30 lyamskL 2.0 Omerta. 230 Pulsingh. 3.0 
Respect. 3.30 Hatching. 4.0 Jazetas. 4.30 

By Our Newmarket Cooespondem 
1.30 lyamskL 3.0 Alkaaseh. 3 JO Reveille. 4.0 
Jazetas. 4.30 Assultan. 

Michael Seely’s selection'. 4.30 Henryk. 

HANDICAP (£2,054: 61) (20) 

1 3021 

2 3030 
7 0001 

REVEILLE JD) m Jarvis 4-11-0. 

OUAUTT G Lewis 3-10-13. 


Going: firm ^ both courses) 

Draw: hi^h numbers best up to 1m 


3-Y-O: £1,783: 1m) (12 runners) 

1 0000 FOUZ (B) P CojeS-0.. 


4 0041 IYAMSKIW Hastings 

5 3100 LADY LA PAZ (0) PCundefl 8-11 

9 0*02 COURT TX)WNR H inon 66 

10 0004 OUTOFSTOCXM Bfensterd W._ 

11 4 TOWS GRBIVHJJE P Mdchel 66_ 

12 &m AR ABIAN BLUES M Usher 8-4 

14 0000 EASTERN PlAYBI D Lang 8-2™, 

15 4-40 HIGH CONDUCT(BF)JDurtop 8-2. 

16 OLYMPIC EAGLE S Chrissan 35. „ 

18 00W FULL OF UFE (B) M Rpe 8-1 

P Waldron 7 

B-12 S Whitworth 6 

11 GStarhey 11 

N Adams 8 

. ACtmfc2 

D McKay 9 

C Rutter (3) 5 
R Fox 1 


. AHcGtaea 

5-2 High Conduct, 7-2 tvamski. 9-2 Gaelic HuOsr.5-1 Yours 
QratnrtOe, 7-1 Court Town. 8-1 Fouz. 12-t others. 

2-0 BMW SERIES CHASE (£3334: 3m) (2) 

. j Shore 

1 4112 OMBRTA J H SCM (IRE) 5-124) 

7 210- HTZHEHBHITL Kermanj 3-11-6^^- 
4-11 Omerta. 5-2 FRznerterL 

2J30 ASTON PARK HANDICAP (£1,719: 1m 41) 
(15 runners) 

2 2040 FOLK DANCE (D) I Baking 4-9-8 SOthvnm(7)2 

7 -000 MARlifrROORSjDM Haynes 4-94 J Reid 8 

9 1000 HOME D’AmUREGUws 3^-2 PWaMronll 

11 0000 HOT GB4 (OR Hannon 38-13. L Jones (5) S 

12 2030 NASXRACKERGHaiwoOd 38-13 GSteteyU 

13 -200 NILE UHKJ DuittOp 38-12 RFml 

15 0000 WCKSTDWN (D) B Morgan 4^9 R W0S 4 

16 1000 ARUSnCCHAWfl3NraMPttie388.SWIiitWitt9 
IS 0400 MRANDA JULIA (V)PMaian 38-7 AflW3ta»7 

_ W Ry*fl2 
w A CM 13 
. D McKay 15 


SDsmm 12 
„ NAd*uts6 

21 0002 PULSWSHC BeftStead 4-3-5 
25 0040 GO£TS HOPE RAtefiura 4^4. 

33 0024 PORO BOY C N Wftams 38-0 

38 008 WATER MUSICK J Sptevn 378.. 

39 0030 MISSELFDRE P Walwyn 3-?-7..„„., 

42 0000 SHARP REEF W Wjghtman 3-7-7... 

9-4 NHa Lark. li-4 Fo9c Dance, 7-2 Naskoacter. 
13-2 PulSBigh, 9-1 God's Hope, 14-1 Poro Boy. 16-1 others. 

3.0 BIDDESTONE STAKES (£1,651: 5f) (4) 

2 2400 RESPECT (BJLBFJDUng 384 G1 

3 4210 ALKAASEH HThomsonJoieS 38-1 
S 0031 NATIVE RULER (D)C Austin 58-12.. 

8 -100 WESSEX KINGDOM (D) M McCormack 388 

JJ Leech (7)3 

5-4 Afensoh. 158 Respect 9-2 Native Ruler. 6-1 Wessex 

Course specialists 

TRMNER& H Thomson Jones. 16 winners from 52nmners 
30.8%; M Prescott 11 from 38,289V G Harwood. 8 from 33, 
24^V- P Walwyn. 15 fnwn 67. 22.4%; J Dunlop. 10 from 46. 
21.7%: P Cote. 11 from 59. 18.8%. 

JOCKEYS: A Oark, 9 whiners from 54 ndes. 16.7%; J Red. 10 
(ram 72. 119%; A McGtona. 9 from 94. 9.6%. (Oniv three 

THATCHWLLE pi) I MatDews 4-10-2 (Bex) 

Jim FWttan <5) 14 

8 1000 CONCERT PITCH (C)B Palm 7-108 

Celua Hndbaod (9 8 

9 0410 COME TO THE BALL (0) R Hannon 3-104) 

10 000 WY KEHAMIS T C Beretead 3-108 11 

11 0330 ZUBEKEW Brooks 3100 Km AK*an (5) 2 

14 0400 LUCKY STARKtST (D) R HoWflf 4-9-5 Dnm Harris (5) 3 

15 0000 SAHARA SHADOW (Q D Tucker 48-5 

Amanda Harwood 16 

16 0000 WWSONGM&ODY P CunoeA 384 „ Gae Anaytage7 

17 100U MAIDEN BIDDER (CD) H Beasby 448 

NlrL tii 13 

19 BOB mjEADHfli. PARK (B)KBrsssey 38-2 Josane Winter 5 
21 0300 MONSTROSA J Spearing 3-9-1 ____________ — 19 

23 m HAQOMITSUS Manor Jfeta AflaooBegwy(91 

24 0320 WIZZARD MAGIC (8) M Haynes 38-13 

YVWW ItegM f9 

28 0001 MBS METAL-WOODS (D) 5 Met* 4-6-12 
23 0043 HATCHING (VJ)) L OottraO 5811 

UTTLE DIMPLE R Hatter 4810 Aflaon Dm 4 

29 0400 

30 IB3D 

31 0020 

BEE-KAY-ESS R Hofcter 3-8-9 _ Kathleen Mrephy (5) 8 

4-1 Mes Moral-Woods. 9-2 ReveBe. 11-2 Wtzzard Magic. 
1342 Lucky SortesL 7-1 Hatdung, 81 Come To The BalL*^ 

3-Y-O: £1,872: 1m) (13) 

a™BUB(BjD)PC0te94) KPttwditfG 

JAZETAS (D) N Caflaghan 98— G Starkey 4 

SWIFTS PAL (BJ))G L«W 98 P Waldron 9 

HALO HATCH (B.0) K Brassey 8-12 _ S WWwjrtt n 

RARE WIN DA Tune* 88 A Dawson 7 

EAGLE DESTINY (Q) l Battng 8-4 A dark 12 

GARtHNU LAD □ Haydn Jones 8-4. D J Wflflams (71 1 

SITZCAHHALDOR Harmon 8-* L Jones (502 

EVBTY1NCHALADY W WiMnan 38. — N Adams 10 
wy83«. J Reid 13 

1 081 

3 4020 

4 1000 

G 1200 

13 0 

15 1200 
18 0 
17 0200 
IB 08 

19 -000 

20 00 
23 080 

PAflUOUN Mrs C ReawyM 

AUTO ELEGANCE M RtewaovGodsy 3-1 

28 -000 POPSTS POM-POM M Haynes 7-13 

C Rotter (3)5 

^ 2-l Brwe BSte 9-4 Jazetas, 81 Eatfa Destiny, 81 Halo 
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i ■ ig^ y the chairrnan n f Tottenham had second thoughts about joining the team that have yet to win their spurs 

Ine one-man management committee 

$Sr ' '• m 

Scholar will not be gapwi 

w OO 

By Stuart Jones 
Football Correspoodeot 

Irving Scholar, the chairman of 
Tottenham Hotspur, yestmlay ex- 
plained to The Times why he 
declined to stand for election to the 
Football League's management 
committee. He had been the 
outstanding favourite to fill the 
vacancy left by John Smith, Luton 
Town's secretary, who resigned 10 
days ago. 

"Last May, when ! was nomi- 
nated for the new committee, 1 
thought that it might bring in a new 
dawn," he said. “I thought that it 
would have something to offer. 
Now that I have seen the way that it 
has gelled over the last five months, 

I feel that the timing is not right." 

Scholar almost joined the re- 
formed team. In the May election he 
finished fourth behind Philip Car- 
ter, the League president. Smith and 
Ken Bales. Before the subsequent 
play-off against Bert McGee he was 
promised 16 votes by his first 
division colleagues. Six changed 
allegiance and he lost 12-10. 

Smith's position was far from 

dear, anyway. Cynics on Mersey- 
side have suggested that the voters. 
Who received a list rrm taTning 
merely the name J. Smith, assumed 
that the candidate was the chairman 
of Liverpool and of the Sports 
Council rather than the repre- 
sentative from Luton. 

Their view is supported by the 
number of congratulations that 
were mistakenly sent to a bemused 
Smith at Anfiela. He was not among 
the choices. Luton's Smith, agree- 
ably surprised by his success, soon 
discovered that he was "out of 
tune" with the other members of the 

Hie policy men who 
are without power 

It includes four directors from the 
first division, three from the second 
(Ron Noades, of Crystal Palace, Bill 
Fox, of Blackburn Rovers, and Ian 
Stott, of Oldham Athletic) and one 
from the third and fourth (Jack 
Dunnett, of Notts County). 

Collectively, they makp policies 
but have no power. Individually, 

West Ham expose the 
chinks as Norwich 
are held by Goddard 

they tange from the eccentric 
(Bates's idea of controlling hooli- 
gans was to construct an electric 
fence around the perimeter at 
Stamford Bridge) to being so mod- 
erate as to be weak. It is a curious 
mixture that is spiced with strong 
political overtones. 

Scholar feels that "there are more 
politicians in football than there are 
in the House of Commons." Carter, 
for instance, happens to be the 
chairman of the Conservative Parry 
in Liverpool. He, for one, would 
have welcomed the support of 
Scholar, who believes that he would 
have been in the minority. 

Once the votes have been taken 
on a contentious proposal, such as 
the banning of away supporters at 
Kenilworth Road, the members of 
the committee must either accept 
the decision, even if privately they 
disagree with it, or resign, as in 
Smith's case. A public voice of 
discontent leads to unacceptable 

Rather than being gagged. Scholar 
would clearly prefer to be free to 
speak. Rather than being bound by 
internal wrangtings, he would prefer 

to spend his time (committee 
meetings take up two days a week 
on average) on the topics that he 
thinks are of greater importance 
within his own club. 

He points out that Watford, who 
opened their new stand at Vicarage 
Road on Saturday, work outside the 
committee and rave set an example 
for the rest of the country. He is 
aiming to bring a similarly warm 
and amicable atmosphere back to 
the terraces of White Hart Lane. 

A game that should 
be a famUy affair 

“I have a cutting on the wall of 
my office," he said. "I look at the 
headline every day. It says 'Football 
is a family affair’ , which of course h 
should be. We are trying to make it 
that at Tottenham, to encourage the 
youngsters and to cut out the foulr 
mouthed chants. 

"The players went into the family 
enclosure about an hour before the 
kick-off yesterday, for example, and 
signed autographs. That sort of 
thing seems to be working. Our 

membership scheme, which is the w 
biggest in the country, has gone up h< 
by 1,000 to 18,000 within the last u< 

"Just look at the competition that gjgj 
the game faces every Saturday. We 
have to make a special effort to 

attract spectators and to make them 

feel at home. The authorities seem Mane 
to have forgotten about them and it |_j J f 0r 

galls me that the positive elements ! 

of football do not seem to be it i 
promoted". temper 

Scholar is convinced that first footba! 
division sides should each be ai- njngoi 
lowed two substitutes, as on the 
Continent. He is also attempting to JtLjJ 
lead the way back into Europe. Sid Ti 
Hamburg have accepted his invita- be see 
tion to play Tottenham on Novem- Mandi 
ber 4 in a match that he trusts will Noil 
be as friendly off the pitch as on h. these i 

they would 
have gone 

By Clive White 

Manchester United... 
Luton Town. ............. 

His decision not to stand, though 
understandable, is regrettable, fie "S, ™ 

would te v c been aflraguy fo- Sv£n£?to competition 
fluence on a committee that threat- ^ finds himself, rather less 
ens to run wild. Smith s successor is successfully, trying to explain 
likely to be either Maurice Rowarth, away those in t raining . He 
of Nottingham 1 Forest or even committed the whole of his 
David Dean, of ArsenaL It is as well programme notes on Saturday 
torefted that h does indeed have do 

It is a new twist in the 
temperamental behaviour of 
football managers when a win- 
ning one refuses to face the press 
after a garner But since winning 
has seldom been more im- 
portant than style or quality at 
Old TrafTond this victory could 
be seen as another defeat for 
Manchester United. 

Nothing seems to go right 
these days for Ron Atkinson, 
their manager. Having spent the 
first six weeks of the season 
uying to explain away their 
misadventures in competition 
he now finds himself, rather less 


By David Powell that they were determined to 

’ — 7 enjoy being there. He was as 

} good as his word. There was a 

west nam United 1 refreshing spirit about them 
.. . . „ , 1 which concealed any pressure 

they may have felt. Theywere 
* v, «V nay responsible in defence without 
rave laste d (mly a week, butas being over-cautious and their 
men* best crowd for 19 months two full backs, Spearing and 
SP Saitirnttoy of Culverhoose, provided extra 

IhA tMMir 74 (Vl) tUAltill hA.r* 1 • _■ 

Norwich City . ... i 

West Ham United 1 

the near 23.000 would have 
wagered against them return- 
ing there this season. It was 
one of football's quirks that, 
after a game so rich in quality, 
both teams should find them- 
selves lower down the table 
than they were before lock-off. 

Norwich dropped from first 
to second, and West Ham 
from fourth to fifth but, as the 
London club's manager, John 
Lyall, said: "Thai was the way 
we would like to see the game 
played." Coming from one 
who bases his football philos- 
ophy on panache, it was praise 
indeed, and Norwich were as 
deserving of it as LyalTs own 

After Norwich had gained 
the championship lead the 
previous weekend for only the 
second time in their history, 
Ken Brown, the manager, said 

attacking options, yet caused 
their goalkeeper, Benstead, no 
undue anxiety. 

Crook, who replaced the 
injured Williams in midfield, 
showed that Norwich have 
skill in reserve, while Biggins 
suggested that he deserves to 
share the attacking spotlight 
which tends to dwell on 
Drinkell. Though it was 
Drinkell who put Norwich 
ahead after 58 minutes. 
Biggins was the provider and 
Brown observed: "I thought 
he did exceptionally well." 

The chink in Norwich's 
freshly-groomed first division 
armour — half the team, have 
never played at this level- 
before — has been their lack of 
an outstanding goalscorer. 
Their rivals in the top five 
each have a marksman in 
double figures while Drinkell 

is taking time to adjust from 
the second division, where he 
was top scorer last season, and 
has only five. 

Norwich's strength has been 
in defence; so it is surprising 
that the fin goal they should 
concede in six matches should 
be against a forward, God- 
dard, who was making his first 
full appearance for 1 4 months. 

The equalizer came on 76 
minutes. In Keen, the son of 
the former Queen's Park 
Rangers captain and Watford 
manager. West Ham have 
acquired a skilful left sided 
midfield player who is wilting 
to run at defences. From one 
such run he fed Gale, whose 
cross was headed forward by 
Hilton, and Goddard added 
the touch off Barham's shoul- 
der. Thus West Ham, like 
their opponents, extended to 
eight matches their unbeaten 
sequence in League and Cup. 

NORWICH CITY: G Bans mad: I 
Cuhwitouse, A Spooring, S Brum. M 
PMn S EMott. I Crook. K Drink* W 
Biggins, M Barham. D Gordon (mix D 

Webb’s influence 
missed by Forest 

By Vince Wright training on Friday, was keenly 

_ i - , fell by Forest Although Pearce 

Nottingham Forest— — 1 « gJfMtSWS 
Queen’s Park Rangers.. 0 Sc 

bmk, Kova. smoothly and they continued to 
Nottingham Forest have re- aroggle. despite Clough's brcak- 
amed ihefirst <bvi»on tauter- S^^^ipbdlSoe off a 

dear second best to Lee in the 
may be idling if their last three battle for midfie l d supremacy 
League matches are any guide. jhe flying winger, Carr, 

A fortnight ago i Manchester w ben he was not tying himself in 
Urntcd had tbc better of ra knots. ^ being deveriy con- 
Mforbrag M gy ^ lained by Dawes, the Rangers* 
Ground: the following week left back. 

Forest were beaten >! by Birtles hit the oost but. before 

Leicester City and on Saturday 
they were fortunate to defeat 
Qiecn’s Park Rangers, who 
made Brian Clough's splendid 
young team work hard for their 

Rangers, who do not usually 

left back. 

Birtles fail the post but, before 
that. Carr bad squandered a 

VEST HAM UMTEO: P Partes: R Stew- 
art, G Parris, A Goto. P Mom. K Kaatr. M 
WVd (sub: W Bonds). P Goddam. A 
Dictens, A Cottaa, N Orr. 

R at n— i ASwBe. 

Exeter are 
left on 
their own 

By Nicholas Harling 

Then there was one. Defeats 
for the two unbeaten second 
division dubs. Fomrnontb and 
Plymouth Aigyle. leaves only 
one team yet to sample the 
experience of defeat in the 
League this season, but they, 
Exeter City, are doubtless a lot 
more popular with pools punt- 
ers than the paying public. 

COlin Appleton's side were 
watched by a crowd of 2,461 at 
Hereford, where their sixth 
successive away draw enabled 

Rare moment Bennett entertains die crowd with the only goal at Highfield Roady esterday 

Late flurry spares the bines 

a* - successive away draw ensued 

Men opportuniyof lulling off 1hem lo share the points for the 
mgers. He almostpaid dearly, eighth time in 11 fourth tfiviskm 

At the other end Segers saved ^bres. u is not necessarily the 
brilliantly in quick succession ^ of which promukm- 
from Olivers and Bannister. achieving teams are qC 

however, since Northampton, 
cued by the sound handling of ^ leaders, are eight points 
their reserve goalkeeper and he better off 
was given good support by Dcs Portsmouth went down, bc- 
Walker. who returned to form fore the biggest second division 
after his costly lapses against crowd of the season at Leeds, for 
Leicester the prevtom: week, whom Sheridan scored a 
Rangers, who agaui found no controversial first from the pen- 
place for Fenwick, their transfer ally spot. Not even another 
listed Eng land defender, re- penalty, by Quinn for Forts- 
placed waddock with Clive mouth, could save their day as 

travel wefl. provided unexpect- by the sound handling of 
pdly stiff opposition. .their fluent .heir reserve goalkeeper and he 

football and boundless energy 
kwpng; Forest fully stretched. 
The steady afternoon rain 
seemed to put extra zip into 
Rangers' play, whereas Forest’s 
enthusiasm appeared to be 

“tbc game was a talc of two 
easy chances — one missed by 
John Byrne, of Rangers, the 
Other c on vene d by Nig« Clough 
of Forest. Had Byrne not hfted 
his shoe over the bar after 39 
minutes Rangers would prob- 
ably have won. Instead, at the 
stan of the second half. Ctough, 
six yards out, collected a re- 
bound off James from a Mills 
comer and instantly cracked the 
hill pasted Seaman. . 

The absence of Webb, who 
injured an Achilles tendon in 

By Simon Jones 

Cha teau ? 

Manchester City 1 

There are two good reasons 
for believing that Manches t er 
City are the worst team in the 
first division. The first is ob- 
vious enough: they are bottom 
of the table. The second is that 
they are the only team Chelsea 
can beat 

Not since last March — the 
last time City came to Stamford 
Bridge — had the Londoners 
managed a home IffWgW- Win. 
For a long time, though, it 
looked unlikely that Chelsea 
would repeat the feat as they 
conceded an early goal and then 

struggled to find any kind of not make Chelsea’s task easy. 


But the introduction of Haz- 
ard midway through the second- 
half changed everything. In the 
77th minute he equalized with a 
glorious swerving shot from 25 
yards and, two minutes later, 
chipped a ball forward which 
Dixon nodded neatly back 
across the six-yard box for 
Bumstead to dive forward and 
head the winner. 

Suddenly. Chelsea, if not 
quite swinging, were at least 
“with it” as their manager, John 
Hollins, pul it later. In particu- 
lar. Nevin began to look as if he 
could be the long-term replace- 
ment needed feu- the transfer- 

The pace of the youthful White 
was always unsettling to the 
plodding Roogvie and Varadi, 
too, gave encouraging signs. He 
marked his debut — having been 
transferred _ from West 
Brom wich Albion in midweek— 
with a goal m the seventh 
minute, turning past Pates and 
scoring with a shot that was 
deflected in off McLaughlin. In 
feci, be could have scored two 
more, but hesitated at the 
crucial moments. 

CHELSEA: A GoddHE D Wood. O 
Bowie. C Pates. J McLain, j 
BunWMd, P Nam. K JonasTiCDiwin, K 
McAfltete r. J Mc Nauqht (sub: M Hazard). 
C WBsoa K demmm. M McCarthy. S 
Redmond. O White, N McNab, I Vania, I 

but no 

By Stuart Jones 

Tottenham Hotspur 1 

Sheffield Wednesday « 1 

The prospect of a home 
fixture against Coventry City 
would not usually pierce the 
daydreams of a manager, 
particularly if he is in charge of 
Tottenham Hotspur. Yet David 
Pleat is already wondering aloud 
about the game at While Han 
Lane on November IS. 

His audible misgivings are 
not wrapped around the oppo- 
sition. He is concerned about 
the preparations of his own side. 
There will not be any. He knows 
that much from bis experiences 
last week when eight of his 
players were away on inter- 
national duly. Absenteeism is 
likely to be as rife next month. 
As he finds his way around his 
new dub. Pleat admits that he 
needs time to complete his 
designs and to put theory into 
practice on the training pitch. 

There were bursts of inspira- 
tion, as though Tottenham-had 
adjusted to the problem, but 
Pleat admitted that “we .didn’t 
maintain our standards for any 
length of time". When they did, 
Hodge was equal to them. One 
save, from Waddle, was de- 
scribed justifiably by Wilkinson 
as “international class". 

Wednesday's manager mut- 
tered that he has tot of 
players" whose talents are 
under-rated. He did not men- 
tion them byname but they had 
already spoken eloquently 
enough for themselves. 

Marwood overshadowed the 
performance of Waddle on the 
same flank, Shelton and Megson 
were, as Pleat conceded, “bigger 
engines" than Hoddle and Rob- 
erts in midfield and Walker, an 
18 -year-old, made a promising 
debut in attack. But, after 
recovering from Clive Allen's 
strike and equalizing through 
Megson, it was Wednesday who 
finished the more likely 

Stevens, M Thoroas. G Robons, R Gough. 

G Hoddte. P Aflea 

Steriand. N Worthington, P Hart [knight. 

M Chamberlain (sub: C Morris). B 
Marwood. G Magun, L Chapman. C 
WWker, G SbeBon. 

Referee: H King (Glamorgan). 

• Tottenham Hotspur’s game 
with Gletuoran at the OvaL 
Belfast, sche d uled for tomorrow 
night, has been cancelled be- 
cause of an excessive demand by 

the players of the Irish League 
club and uncertainty over the 
electricity supply. 

allegations that morale and 
relationships within the team 
were bad after the “training 
accident" which left Olsen with 
a severe eye injury after a clash 
with Moses. 

Relationships between the 
Manchester press and Atkinson 
have certainly deteriorated to 
the point where last Friday be 
walked out on them at a press 
conference and then on Sat- 
urday they walked out on him 
after waiting more than an hour 
for him to emerge from the 
changing rooms. 

A more poignant walk-out 
was that by sections of the 
39,000 crowd several minutes 
before the finish. Whether it was 
a gesture of displeasure or 
merely to avoid the rush (me 
cannot be sure. But unquestion- 
ably there was little to encourage 
them to stay other than to 
witness a deserved equalizer by 

Not even Old TraffoixTs 
grand setting could lift this game 
out of the ordinary. Had it been 
held in a local park along with 
half a dozen other games 1 dare 
say it would have passed un- 
noticed. And that is about the 
most damning thing one can say 
about Manchester United. 

The United crowd know 
entertainment when they see h 
and were not footed by United's 
early goal which owed itself to 
an involuntary contribution 
from one of their old boys. 
Grimes muffed a back pass and 
Davenport seized on the error to 
draw the goalkeeper before giv- 
ing Stapleton the opportunity to 
over-indulge himself by lashing 
the ball into the feebly guarded 

The worshipping thousands, 
as ever, were desperate to 
applaud somebody or some- 
thing and the ego of Barnes 
feeding on early success, at least 
went some ofthe way to meeting 
that demand. That United 
should have lo depend so 
heavily upon such a fitful 
character made nonsense of 
their championship aspiratioo. 

Neverthdess Barnes turned 
the clock back for us even if it 
was only the minute hand, his 
twitching, feinting runs causing 
Luton's defenders to commit 
themselves embarrassingly or in 
one incident to admit defeat 
totally by cynically pulling him 

In the 66 th minute a tentative 
up-field ball by Foster gave 
Mark Stein the opportunity to 
expose United's soft cenbe, 
McGrath eventually bringing 
him down. But brother Brian, 
returning after a two-match 
suspension, drove the penalty 
disappointingly wkk; 


1 >. i ' iPf jy. ■ U ; Pi 

U-aj P j :. mwmono. u vmn ». n Mcwm. I varadL I „ 1 ..L -J 

imedSpeedte. snow*** p Smpson («£Tg bncivP ^ 

To be fair, however. City did itafcv* R Grows. 



LUTON TOWN: L Seatey; T Breactar. A 
Grimes. P Nicholas. S Foster, M Dooaghy. 
R HiB. B Stem. M Newel, M Stain, (aucc D 
McOonagh), D Preeca. 

Referee: 0 Hutchinson. 

First division 


Walker shortly after half-time to 
give their attack more width. 
The plan worked but Forest, by 
a mixture of luck and pluck, 
held on. 

Ftonang. S Pence. O Wmfcw. JWKjgod. I 
Bowyer. F Can. 0 CenpOefl. N Ctough, G 
Belles. G MBs. 

Fereday. I Dww. M Alton, A McDonald ,G 
Own. S Leo. R James. G Banrwtor, j 
Byrne, G Waddock (sub: C WNhei). 

Referee N AsMey. 

Goal lifts dull Sunday 

penalty, by Quinn for Ports- 
mouth, could save their day as 
Baird added to Ritchie’s further 
goal for Leeds by making it 3-1. 

Having found the net for the 
first time in seven games in mid- 
week, Tynan did so again for 
Plymouth, but his equalizer 
against Sunderland only served 
to goad Lawrie McMenemy's 
men into regaining their two- 
goal lead, gjven them by Bu- 
chanan. for a 4-2 success. 

Ipswich. Plymouth’s viators 
tomorrow, featured in the 
division's most exciting ga m e; 
succeeding 4-3 at Bradford. 
Cleghom's treble for Ipswich, 
his first in senior football, was 



By Detrofe Shaw 

Highfield Road's excursion 
into Sabbath football would 
never dear the golf courses and 
pubs, though mercifully u had 
one re de e mi ng feature. This was 
Coventry’s well justified win- 
ning goal accepted with rare 
panache by Bennett, miecimg a 
uadi of entertainment into the 

The move to prise open a 
Wuifotedon defence concerned 
exclusively with play rat uw off- 
side game look an hour to 
arrive. Coventry had med many 
win to get through a five-man 
defence supptemenKd by two 
midfield players but with a 
naive lack of success. 

The winning sonic proved 
laughably ample. A tong punt 
out of defence, a head flick by 
Rcgtsand suddenly Bennett was 
dear. Happily hr possessed both 
the contra and the composure 
to draw Demon forward before 
finding his usget. There were 
chums that the Coventry 
forwarriwis off-wdc but. ironi- 
cally. n was one of the few 
occasions m 90 romures when 
he w» wa- 
in truth, foe linesman's Bag 

w his first in senior football, was 

ihwi lo keep on gening offside.- SrlSTiS S 

ukt fteorae Curtis, the Cov- Falco for Watford in me 4-2 jam 

enny manoger. -We Mold taw SSd ri^hl(.: s:"’w^SL h:ld &S 

^dd .hi sSSoag, for free- U-Hed, Vijla. Newgale Untod 
kicks and the occasional injury 

kidlsandilvocraSorudinjury andMmiicliester. Cftypropping 

nrctty sight. Ogrizovtc went 70 r,ve resembles a whos whoof 

Ktes brfoTbSg railed 2 “*“® £ 2 * 3 ^ 
upon to make a save; from a 

Ss-stas s&snSC 

•S5SB&*™ »-«£ 


2 LakaaW 0 

2 MaodmterCfo 1 
4 Oxford 0 

1 Loam 0 

1 AfMNMl Z 

1 Wut Ham 1 

1 OPR 0 

0 E wtea 2 

1 StwflMdWed 1 

4 AmonVMa 2 


II D l F If D L F APS 
Mteffe_-n « l IN Z 3 I 212 123 
UbvmI — « 9 2 in 5 3 I ZTZ 720 

Mmm_n Miisiniin 
mhm_h iitnsmmB 

fMtoa 11 311132229m 

tarn* n llllllllSif 

SMHflM n 23IMT22279T7 

Dii w ai oy ntitnnzzin 
teMvcat nzziiiziziiis 

UmtoZn 231311295 7 11 

«s» n IS2I712937M 

data — II 22217ZD949H 

sammiM miivn kiss 
1MMN~n 212I92V44713 
MAM 1tZllS3T11l17D 

own - n i z 3 5 n z i n is 

HwBM_ 11313 II 712997 11 
MNWb—ti z i i 7n i i « isa 

CM — n 12251124277 

traxawn 2. Cnnant um & Barnet 2. 

EnfaJd 3. 

4; Kanamg 5. VMra 
l juaennester 0. TaWoro 4; NootawSi .. 
HP 1; Runcorn 3. Sonon (M Z. 

0. Boncn I: WWdsoona i. Bam 

way doggedly to defea.L 
Coventry tost Kikline with a waujgS 
hamstrine injury at haJ^mne- It 
enabled Painter to be in- 

troduced but he tangled his tefs 
and fell when presented with his 

only scoring chance. It was 


Downes centre the linesman s 

flag went up to deny an eqiral- 

iS It didn't took offtadc. But 

,hen. .he> did no. deserve to j^MtL 


were doing what Northern Ire- 
land could not do in midweek, 
beating Shilton —and twice— in 
the second half at Southampton, 
with goals by Steven, from a 
penalty, and Wilkinson. Two 
goals by Rush, taking him past 
the 200 marie in senior football, 
helped Liverpool overwhelm 
Oxford 4-0 and there was an- 
other two-goal salvo ax Sdhmst 
Park, from Stuart, for Chariton 
Athletic in the 2-0 triumph 
against Leicester. Just back from 
injury'. Stuart collected his pals 
after Leicester had lost Walsh. 


wWok Bartong 1. Ysoui i 

Botap s Serrinn 0: Q 

Famboraugn t, Quaach Karatet 5. 
WNauimtow Awanue 2: Harrow 2. Wnri- 
sor and Boo t: rinn 1. Skugd 4; 
Hendcn2.Wl9nbng2:ktdan i. Croydon 
0; KiogflDftaa5. Si Afeansl Wofangrnui 
t. Braratey tfc Wycombe Wndem 4. 
toomo and uicrea 0. Fkst iSrisioK 
Bdlartcay 1. Laathwhead 1: 
Bonbaowood 0, Gays Ath 0: BactaeB 
1. KarnpeM a Epsom and Earil 0. 
BasAMn lltd 1: Ktegsbufy 1. Lams 0: 
LeynadDfle Void £ Sttaias ft Oxford 
Oly 1. IMM Whgalfl 3: Tbsy 1, 
Uxsndga 2. wuwi and Harsnsm ft 
Maidaanaatf Utd % wembiey 0 . 

Second division 

Btentnfdiam 4 Crystal Pal 1 

Bcadfortl 3 btawicb 4 

BrteMon 1 Baraatey 1 

Hn 0 Raadhig 2 

Laada 3 Part amouth 1 

Plymouth 2 Sawtortaud 4 

ShafDaU O HuddamflaU O 

Sterawahary 0 Darby 1 

Stoka 1 BZaddan 0 

WBA 1 Grimsby 1 

boc cm 
SMoaM.11 33II33I2I721 
laateMhi n 5 I 1 U S 1ZZU9 
Mad.n 111111311(3 
WMBnn -11 4 1 IMS 12231V 
DpUM-ll 3IZII)l3l11tt 

n imafi _a zztmmso 

hateteftH 4 2 Z 1 I 1 z 2 lEtlH 
tfi-fr*— ■ ~ 12 11 12 2 2 11 13 IS 

taWCHdr H2Z1I521235S 

iSa • — to zii«tziz3iH 
Hpla — niZ 1 iZHZi III 
■nmdaH.I 1 2421171195114 
tecahkni T1141II21241U 
Mcar — n zizzi i zz 2 Sh 

Dint) 9 122133211 to 

BodMOr 11 129902124512 
■M T1 212151 1459 11 

sat* Oh _ 11 3 217(115 1111 
Hta_n mmiim 
„ H 3131411329a 
Mda i ia IZUITmill 
loafer — n 11357123319 

S0UTK9W LEAGUE: Pwriar dMatem 
Ahrachureh 2. Cambridgo CRy ft Aytes- 
faury 3. Salisbury ft Basmgs«*8 ft 
Bedara* 2; Omtad 7. Raddnch ft 
fttdteyft to rby1lFamf ttrn6.Shepshed 

kings | 

la^ arahM aeuifa 

R ows 1, ft ictangham 1 ; Grantham 1 . 
I^anangton 1: Hadnestort 5. Rusbden ft 
jeteesw- UW 5. H a l e a own 1: Moor 
Grew 0. Sutton Coldfield ft Smurtndge 
4,M4e CM flOMiX 1: Wafingt»fw«J>ft 

Third efivision 

Bristol Rowks 

3 Notts County 
3 York 
9 PortVMa 

P Bristol City 



MMMn~.11 4 1 1 12 7 3 2 11 4 21 
11 32112532014722 
3 4 0 M2Z31T52I 
942071211 3220 

H 920532310 521 

Bristol City _ ID 32 111 42127410 
IfettCcMey 11 31113*2221315 

— nizioiimin 

M3 I Zntl 2 1 1 I 417 
Tl 4 0 1 I * 1 1 4 7 C 15 
0 2 3 1 7 ( 1 1 3 7 15 
II ( MH 9 1 I I 526 

11312319 1 133E14 
11 1 1 3 71 2 2 1 7 713 
11222101135 712 

9 i 21 i >2 mvn 

teCriuMI. 11 2 I 3 12 1 2 3 E S11 

11 30211024114 11 


11 2 1211119 731 

bhofen-TI 114 211114111 
waul H 122 5n 114 91G 6 

Fourth division 
Stanley 2 

Hartlepool 1 

Hanford 1 

Lincoln 1 

Orient 2 

Praatoo 1 

SouUwod 3 

Swansea 1 

Scottish premier dhnsion 

Celtic 3 MadmwaA 

DimdeeUM 2 Ctydebank 

1 Rochdaia 

2 Wrexham 
1 AMeohot 

3 C rewe 

1 Wwmtaapl ofl 




I L F XPtf 

1055 #11 4 3 1 114 10 25 
iCBy 115B11351225S2S 
w_ ri4iii272T2 amsa 
B— tt 3281362 1 27 SU 
dUU 11 3 2 113 B 2 1 2 4 411 

Enter Q>r— Tl 3 2 17 
loam- H 13 19 

3 1 2 7 4 16 

II 1 1 3 151 1 2 I 5 H 

71 1 g 12 5 D 1 4 4115 

CmUd)t -11 2 3 114 9 1 3 1 b 6B 

taai 11 321961132715 

CmeXfeS- II 1 3 1 ■ 0 2 2 211 514 
Vudaqa-U 3 2 1 11 5 1 B 3 x 7 14 

11 II 2 9 5 1 2 1 111 14 

11 1315522211114 
imuin 11 231551 134913 
lamlN 11 2390403351212 
P d MtaiBa» 11122652841 11 11 
Uacskdy.n 222 98 1 1 2 3 911 
BocMdi^lO 1 2 1 3 3 0 4 2 511 9 
I t rt u afei -11 5334 11 122778 
HUfezTM 11 2 1 3 9 1 9 1 9 311 7 
— 1 — ' 981215114 214 5 

X Chatham ft 


Cantortwry Ojjr .ft Foote 1. Eritt and 

BNvedere ft 

watartrevda o. Toflbndga ft 
MULTIPART leagueIewtow 1. Madodt 
o Gwwwough 1. Southport ft Harwich 
2. Goote ft «do 0. South LnmrpooJ ft 
Manna i. Cnoriey 1; Momcagobe 1. 
MacctesfiteJ ft Mocatey 3 . WMuop ft 
wumn T. Burtjo z Woriangton ft Buxton 

Hrat dMaioK BaCHnaon 1, Ptnariee ft 
Brandon UU0. Norm snMds ft ctwstarte 

Oapsao ft Latawonh GCft Ftoyston ft 
ware ft COter Rear 4. Sactind iMNoe 
anode FaMam 3 . Cnbedoy 1 : NamMd 
Ua 3, Ea n a m ft Charsay Z Soudaa i; 
wofemgLCJiatoBtStFteeBr I; wiMMaato 
i.Moaatey 1 

coygNTRY emu. g_PWS aft** sem off for making sore with a 
roam AP^ JJgy yaSJSi; backhander that Melrose, sooner 
g^?^M«£Sfc N?S3S£b of force goals Iasi week, would 

BNdnt A Thom. N be in no fit state 10 repeal the 


WaiMiK taU two dozen times WIWIIFW**- O e**«anc « inom. « pe m no m saw «7 

S?*2i*?r*5rStfKforvraS Vriotertttfnw 0a ^_ Sure enough, foe . 

sBBSSSS sstMsr 

— _ jopaCAft 
Crook 1; Tow Law 3. Wlatteybay 1 . 

COMBbUTlOfc Araarat 1 . 
1 . Luton 3. Bristol Rovers ft 
Reading 1. Southampton 4; West Ham 1 . 
Chariton 0. 

FA VASE: Fkst round: Goriestan 4, 

Thetford ft Lowestoft ft Wattth Utd 3; 

Great Yarmouth 1. VWhamft Habtaad S. 

Bury 5 (aat); Tiptree Utd ft Ska^wss 1: 

Downham 4, Eynesbury Rowers 3: 

Amersham 0. Flac(«wefe Heath ft Hazato 
f Aylesbury] 0. Vauxhafl Motors 1: Tring 1, 

Haringey Boreudi ft ShOngton 3. 

Baaconstteld Utdft WUwyn Garden City 
ft Hoddesdon 1; Hounslow 1, London 

Coiney ft Barton Rowrs A. HaOwM ft < . ^ , 

BNdoa 3. Heme) Hoonstsad ft St Banstaatl ft Fantam 0 (astt Three 
Margareh&ry ft He*£rt2 (aeft fndgw LRxttmteith RN_0 
Brimsdownnovml.LBWresdanHoaiW l«i^a»C8jPrttors ^]3 

“ ‘ “ is Lane ft Eaton Bray PytihM . 1 "J. Lrttitonpton ft- 

CockteSttra 1. Martow WjfaM 3 .COHm 3 (5s ft Maiden 

ft Berkhamsted 1. Yearling ft Thames Vale L M*trop<*an^Pofeca D (aetk 
Poiytadincl.HytheftDoriungl.Frim^ Hungertort 4, erockartwfst ft Totton ft 
Green ft Connthran Casuals 0, wootton Rovers 0; Newbury 0. 
Favereham ft CttokatMl 2. Eastboume Superrams a w»ma« ft Thatcham ft 
Utd ft Horsham ft Peterefwd Utd ifaeft Easttogh 4, Catae tT Chippenham a 
Eastbourne Town 4. Burgess Hill “““5" J: *** 00*1 1 , Bristol Manor 
Corinthian 4. Ash Utd 1. FarmO; Portwm Bnwrt ft Owteastar 1; 

SeBXm Terrace ft SMdon ft wiKknam ft Ctevadon y Robmscns ORG 1 (aeft 
wsstwwtw ft Dirtiam Ctty 3, Marconi Dawfch 3, Yatt ft Mengotsfioid Utd 4. 
Social ft West Auckland 3, Cowndon a Devne sj; Baatpid ft pauRon Rovers 3; 
Morion 1 . HarrooTO Railway 0 ; Eppieion ChanJ ft St Btazey 8; Soham Town 
C3VftOBmonMobrC49ttic3jBet};PM4»n Hangars 3 Ramham 3; Shortwood UW ft 
Vkaona 3. Ashnxi irtd a litain 4. Rytends Pegasus Juniors 1; Odd Down ft 
0: Presox Cables 1 . Linotype 2 (aaft Wimbome 1 (aat). 
esmaroo 1 . Ffcoon ft Buracough 1 . SMbinoff wish LEAGUE: Ante 1 , 
G u reeley ft St H elen s ft Wren Rwara 0; Gtentorani;BaHymenat. Larne i:Camck 

SStalii l 1 4 2 I 1 1 1 48 I I' 

WUul 18 >22 518 114 915 6 pi ffl e RuSha11 - Qjy t ?P > C 3 - 

Si Mchads 1 (asth _ 

FA VASE: Fkat round: Goriestan 4, Stowmarket 1 Sl ^hms 2, Vtoodtord 4 

Thetkxd ft Lowestoft ft Wattort Utd 3; W; Wwrtjoa ft Safhw Wsidan ft 
Great Yarmouth I.Witham 3: HNstsadS. fecktori Utt ft HauefW Rorers ft 

Utd 1. Stapenhll ft Arnold 

ft Rowntree Mackintosh ft 
Z FrancheviBa Community O; 

.. BorrowKtl Victoria ft Hteworth CL ft 

Haimgey Borough ft ShiSngton ft 

Beaconsfield Utdz: WWwyn Garden City WMBrtM iDo« ft&oytedan 1. Qtesraens 


— PWDtfAID If Ilk 

Crific 13 M 18 4 4 1 m 122 

DwdteW_13 1 1 15 2 3 2 1H 121 

8w«H 13 9 018 34 1 212 la 

Mill 13 4 2 1 I 2 3 2 2 7 SB 

McdtH_n 41112314219 II H 

Dratae 13 312(11131711 

SINkroi_^ 13 3 2 2 1 9 1 2 1 3 1 8 
i au— — H 232191 14I17H 
CW*d_T3 11449394 5 11 9 
Mam-ii 0 3 i 3v 1 n in 1 

Mfet 13 043112114487 

UmrHOi — 0087421 9153 If t 

Scottish first efivision 

BrecNn 2 OunmiofStt 1 

D u m ba rton 2 Alnkfo 1 

Du n f e nnfina 1 Morton 1 

East Fife 1 ctyda 1 

KDmamock 3 Forfar 3 

Partick 5 Moutw aa 0 

Scottish second dhrhrion 
Albion 1 Stranraer 1 

ABoe 2 Rteth 2 

Arbroath 0 SIMng 1 

CowdenbeMh 3 Ayr 1 

Meedow h a nk 1 East Stirling 0 

Queen's Park 0 Stentianurif @ 

SI Johnstone 3 Berwick 2 

LEAGUE: Premier revision: Ariesey 1. 
Raunds 1; Braddey 10. AmpthiR 1: 
inhsngtjoro ft Desbcragi ft Long 
Buriby 1. HoTbeacri 1; RoUxvea £ 
Stamtord ft Stotfold 0. Potton ft Wootton 
1. St Neats 0. League cup: Balcar Peridns 
0, Kempston 3; Thrapston 0. Timken 
Branham / 

Crty 0, Clac 

1; Harwich and Park e ston 0, Newmarket 
ft Sutttuy ft Colchester Utd ft Vfisbedi 

Premier Din Beiper ft Pont Bl r aa CtS- 
Eeries 1; BritOngton Town 2. Snd Sn gton 
Trinity 0: Bring £ Sraton ft DenabyUfil. 
Attraton ft Qstwood ft Bento* vw 4; 
Long Eaton 1. Boston PC ft North Perritw 
ftThadriay 1 . 

LEAGUE: First dhRSkNECuzon Ashton 1. 
Wnstorc Utd ft FJeetwood 1. StNvbridge 
Catoc 4; Gtossop 0. Boode 6; Kkkby 1. 
A ccrington Stanley 1: Leek 0, HsocHfe 
Borough 1: Laytand Motors ft Congteton 

vteiOR: BkMord 1. Tomngton ft Bristol 
7. Fromeft Ctrnidgwn ft Taunton 2; 

Bridffxinh ft Brereton So 
Rouets ft Eastwood Hanl 
Atttota 1. Wastfiekte ft 

I ft Gresley 
1; Hndclev 

1. Sena won 4; Crusaders ft DrstSay ft 
LlnfiBld ft Coleraine 1: Neway ft 
CWtonwiBe 1 ; Ponadown 0, Bangor ft 

1. Exmouth 5; 

Weston-super-Mare 3. B ar n st apl e 1 . 

dhaatea Chafes® 1, Orient ft Foftasn ft 
Portsmoum ft ipwoch i, Southend ft 
Mdhuto 1. Tonenbam ft Norwich ft 
Chariton l: OPB ft Gfflfculam ft Watford 
1, Arseraeft west Ham ft Cambridge utd 
? ftminl rtrrfiirr r r n mntinrrt T n rnrl m a 
ft Northampton 0. Bristol (towers ft 
ton ft Brighton ft Swmdon 3, Gok^estor 
ft Tonmham 3, OysiN Palace 4; Wfcrtte- 
don 0, Luton 2 




.. 1'; . 






jrins by 
v orders 

T ' From John Henaessy 
La Manga 

Debbie Dowling, a Surrey 

golfer in her sixth year as a 
professional, was due to arrive 
here at an unearthly hour this 
morning with her eyes set on 
two objectives. Not only is a 
first prize of £3.750 awaiting the 
winner of the La Manga club 

Spanish Open, but her victory in 
‘ ting Classii 

the Laing Classic at Stoke Poges 
at the weekend has launched her 
into a challenging position, 
among a dutch of others, for the 
£2,000 bonus offered by the 
sponsors. Ring and Brymer. for 
the player who finishes third in 
the Women's Professional Golf 
Association order of merit. 

The first two places, carrying 
* 5.000 and £3.000. 

prizes of £5 
have already been claimed by 
Lotta Neumann, of Sweden, and 
Laura Davies, the new British 
open champion, although not 
necessarily in that order. 

* Miss Dowling reached this 
situation by responding bril- 
liantly. in her quiet combative 
manner, to the challenge thrown 
down by her caddie as the Stoke 
Poges tournament came to its 
dimax on Saturday. "You need 
a three here." he said, as they 
were playing the 389 yards. 1 7th 
hole, nominally a par live but 
within easy reach downhill. She 
look only an eight-iron for her 
second, struck it to 15 feet and 
obediently holed the putt for her 
second victory of the season. 

The caddie had correctly 
judged that two birdies, includ- 
ing a three at the parallel, par 
four. 18th (370 yards uphill), 
was a more difficult prospect, 
and so it proved. A four there 
was all Miss Dowling needed to 
go one shot ahead of Corinne 
Dibnah. of Australia, who had 
signed off with a five. 

LEADING SCORES: (Bnttsti unless 
274c □ Dowling. 69. 66, 68. 70. 

275: C DOnah (AusL 71. 65.70. 60. 276: D 
l. 86. 69. 

Reid. 72. 69. 66. 69. 279: B Hi*e. 66. 70. 
70. 73. 261: G Stewart 71. 70. 71. 69: R 
Comstock (US). 7t, 70. 71. 69. 283: P 
Contey (US). 69, 71. 70. 73. C Panton. 70. 
72. 69. 72 264: M Gamer. 89. 70. 76. 69; A 
Shsard ISA], 71. 70. 74. 60: A Nicholas. 
70. 73. 70, 71; P Grice-WMlffiker. 74. 68. 
70. 72. 

• CARACAS (Reuter) — Spain 
won their first women's world 
amateur championship on Fri- 
day night beating France by 
three strokes to take the Espiritu 
Santo event. Macarena 
Campo manes scored a par 72 
and Mary Carmen Navarro a 74 
to give Spain a total of 145 For 
the day and 580 for the 72-hole 

RESULTS: 580: Spain. 583: Ranee. 584: 
United States. 586: Britain. Japan. 59% 
Venezuela. 600: Sweden. 610: China. 614: 

fifth win 

on the trot 

Sydney (AP) — Greg Norman 

fired a two-over-par final round 
of 73 yesterday but still scored a 
five-shot victory in the 
USS80.000 (about £56.000) 
New South Wales Open 
championship. Norman ag- 
gregated 275. nine under par, in 
winning his fifth tournament in 
a row. The Australian had 
previously won the European 
Open. Dunhiil Cup. World 
match-play championship and 
Queensland Open. 

He is aiming to win all six of 
the events he has entered on the 
Australian summer circuiL Nor- 
man won here with rounds of 
65. 70. 67 and 73. 

FINAL SCORES (Australians unless 
Stated): 275: G Norman. 65. 7Q. 67. 73. 
280: L Stephan. 72. 67. 69. 72. 261: S 

69. 69. 71. 74: G Taylor. 71. 73. 67, 72. 
284: P Jonas. 69. 72. 71. 72: D Graham. 
69. 73. 70. 72. Brttati ptadin 285: M 
Banttndge. 72. 74, 66. 73. 

Payne Stewart attempting his 
first win since capturing the 
event in 1983. holds a Iwo-shol 
lead going into the final round of 
the $500,000 Walt Disney Clas- 
sic here in Florida with a 54-hole 
score of 202. 14 under par 
(Reuter reports). 


SMWBrt. 65, 71. 66. 204: B Floyd. 66. 70. 
66; L HnWa. 67. 68. 69; M Suttwan. 65. 70. 
69 206: B Claar. 69. 68. 69. 207: M 
Hataisk. 68. 68. 71 : T Purtzer. 89. 67. 7tB 
Gardnur. 71. 66. 60. G Koch. 66. 68. 73. 
208: P Btackmar. 67. 68. 73. BrttMc 215: 
N Faldo. 71. 70. 74. 216: K Brown. 73. 74, 


Green leads 

British to 
second place 

From a Special 
Correspondent Boebelo 

Lucinda Green duly won the 
Dutch championship three-day 
event on Sbannagh when she 
was faultless over both die 
cross-country and showjumping 
courses, finishing 8.8 penalties 
ahead of Piotr Piasecki. or 
Poland, on Vardim. 

At a time when the sport is 
under increasing pressure from 
those who think that it is 
becoming too severe upon the 
horses, it was a relief to find a 
cross-country course which did 
not cause a lot of trouble, yet 

which quite clearly gave the 

riders a lot to mull over. 

Whether Mrs Green should 
have competed with Shannagh 
in three major events this year is 
something else that must be 
considered, as there seems to be 
an increasing trend to appear 
whenever (here is a chance. 

The British team finally fin- 
ished second behind the French, 
whose leading three riders filled 
the founh to sixth places. 
RESULTS: Teams: 1. France. 163i 
penalties. 2. Great Bmaxi. 217.8; 3. 
Holland 253.8. 4. Poland 2562: 5. USA 
34?*. tadWdoal ptoebig*-- J- Mrs L 
Green. Stiaraiagh (GBl. 41.8; 2, P 
Piasedu, Vardim (Pol). 50 6; 3. Miss K 
ReweTwftour Hfl (US). SlA ija P 
BouteL MikadO (fe P0C8 |Ff). 61.4; 5. L 

fBrkVtr-s Psc-aa; 

Mot. 66 ft 14. R Powell. General St 
Maws. 760: 1 6. Miss R Brookes. 
Bucuewood. 782.26. Miss K Strafcv.Tfce 
Wishful Thinker; and B. PoweH. 
Spsferman. 101.8: 36. MSS G CoTOwsL 
Wiy Woodpecker. MM! 38. Miss S 
Carson, Fair B*JtKpt. 195 4. 


Schulte deties England 
until weather gives 
Queensland some hope 

From a Special Correspondent Banda berg 

England lost two hours 40 
minutes to the weather on the 
second day of their opening 
game at Bund a berg yesterday, 
and after cutting down the 
Queensland Country XI to 36 
for four by means of two 
shooters and a run out were 
held up by their captain. 
Schulte. On a pitch slower 
than on Saturday, and offering 
the spinners no more than 
modest turn, Schulte batted 

capably before accepting the 
umpires' second offer of " 


light 10 minutes from the 

At 149 for six. the Country 
XI have little chance of adding 
193 to save the follow on; but 
Queensland's spring rains 
have come unseasonably late, 
and with further storms last 
night, may well upset 
Gatting's hopes of starting 
with a win. 

Diltey bowled some sharp 
overs to take a wicket in each 
spell. But the combination of a 
stiff northerly, and the habit of 
receut England touring teams 
of paying scant regard to 
where bowlers' front feet land 
in nets, led to his being no- 
balled 16 times in 1 1 overs for 
over-stepping. When 
DeFreitas had a spell down- 
wind. he too made the bats- 
men hurry. Botham bowled 
within himself, but produced 
one very good late ouiswinger. 
wed played by Williams, in his 
new-bad spell upwind. 

Any chance of a full six 
hours vanished in a 20-minute 

down pour which left the 
ground waterlogged two hours 
before the scheduled start. 
Galling. who had intended to 
bat on. abandoned the idea 
only when he was satisfied his 
fest bowlers would have no 
trouble with their run-ups. 

London, on the back foot 
was soon left without a stroke 
by a ball from Botham that hit 
him ankle high. Williams 
nibbled at an outswinger from 
Oidey. and the elder Scuderi 
fatally charged a second run to 
DeFreitas at square leg. From 
55 yards his throw thudded 
into French’s glove right 
above the slumps. When 
Monaghan fell victim to a 
second shooter. England 
looked to have an opening to 
enforce the follow on before 
the close. 

But with Schulte hitting 
Emburey with the spin and the 
younger Scuderi. aged 17, 
driving freely, the fifth wicket 
added 71 at one a minute. 
Edmonds broke the stand 
when Scuderi pulled him hard 
to deep mid-wicket and Teys, 
apprehensive against Dtlley. 
lobbed a lifter to the finer of 
his gulleys. But the 29-year- 
old Schulte, a former Queens- 
land Colt confidently lofting 
drives into space behind the 
spinners, baited on with 
increasing certainty to reach 
73 in 2% hours when bad light 
ended play. 

Yesterday's weather was a 
disappointment after Sat- 
urday's efforts, when the 

partnership of 160 between 
Broad and Slack was dwarfed 
by the 235 Gatting and Athey 
added in 140 minutes for the 
fourth wickeL Until he mis- 
laid his liming against the 
medium pacers. Broad had 
played faultlessly, but Slack, 
outscored for an hour, went on 
to display the greater range of 

Athey played immaculately 
at his own pace, hooking welt 
and in no way disconcerted at 
being overshadowed, first by 
Gatting and then, for the find 
seven overs. Botham, who 
smoothly smote 50 off 25 

ENGLAOD XL Fits! Innings 

B C Broad c Drvmen b Teys 97 

W N Slack c Dnrmen b Dennis 70 

D I Gwrer st Dnmen b Emery - 22 

CWJ Athey notout 73 

■M W Gatting C J Scuderi b Dennis _ 171 

IT Botham not out — : 52 

Extras (lb 4. nb 2) _ 6 

Total (4 wtos dec) 

P A J DeFrwtas. J E Emburey. P H 
Edmonds, |B N French and G R Dtisy tfd 
not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-160. 2-133. 3-193. 

BOWLING: Dennis 18-0-104-2; Tickle 12- 
0-57-0: J Scuden 22-2-35-0; Toys 21-3- 
130-1: Emery 26-1-101-1. 

QUEENSLAND Xfc First Innings 

W London 8 m b Botham 5 

R WBhams c French b DMey 0 

S Scudari run out 9 

P Monoghan b DeFreitas 8 

*L Sebum rati 


J Scuden c OeFretas b Edmonds 
P Teys c Gower b May . 

■fP Drtnnen not out 

Extras (lb 3, w 1. nb 18) 

Total (6 wto) 

A Tickle. R Dennis and K Emery to bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-10. 2-10. 3-24, 4- 
36, 5-107. 6-127. 

BOWUNG (to data* Dfley 11-0-42-2; 
Botham 8-4-12-1; DeFrerias 9-1-27-1; 
Emburey 11-1-34-0: Edmonds 9-1-31-1: 
Gatbng i-1-OO. 

Umpires: K Seestor and R G4es. 

Border and Jones thwart 
India’s spin bowlers 

From Richard Streeton, Bombay 

Allan Border and Dean Jones 
batted through the final three 
hours 20 minutes together 10 
thwart the Indian spinners in 
the third Test match here yes- 
terday. Australia, who were 172 
runs behind on the first innings, 
cleared their deficit shortly be- 
fore tea and the match finished 
on a subdued note. 

The culprit was a pitch which, 
contrary to whai was forecast by 
the groundsman, became tamer 
as the game progressed. The ball 
always turned but only slowly. 
Australia's opening pair were 
the only batsmen to be dis- 
missed on the final two days. 

At a' time when Indian admin- 
istrators were desperately anx- 
ious for the traditional charisma 
ofTest matches to be restored, h 
was a disappointing finish to a 
series which left the teams level. 
None of the expectation raised 
by the tied first Test in Madras 
was fulfilled with the draw here. 

A minor curiosity at the end 
came when the two captains 
agreed to call off the match with 
40 minutes remaining and only 
four of the mandatory last 20 
overs bowled. The players 
walked off as the refreshment 
trolley for a drinks break was 
being pushed on to the field. 

The umpires took theirdrinks 
alone ana then gesticulated 
towards the dressing-room, 
dearly disproving of the 
captains’ unilateral action. An 

Indian board official joined 
them and there was a long 
discussion before the umpires 
reluctantly walked off and an 
announcement was made that 
the match had been halted. 

There was some tense cricket 
early on when Shastri dismissed 
Marsh and Boon in 10 balls. 
Marsh was bowled behind his 
legs as he pushed forward: Boon 
was caught behind as he tried to 
square cuL Australia were mo- 
mentarily in danger. All the 
hard work and team unity 
forged on the tour would have 
gone for nought had Australia 
subsided at this point They 
would have returned to meet 
England with their confidence 
smashed to smithereens. 

Border, that seasoned battler, 
and Jones, standard-bearer for 
the new generation, made sure 
the possible crisis was avoided. 
Both batsmen, and Jones in 
particular, had moments of 
uncertainty as the Indian spin- 
ners were switched about with 
seldom less than five close 
fieldsmen perched in atten- 
dance, and often more. 

After lunch though the bats- 
men grew more and more 
confident with Border sweeping 

one stroke erased Australia’s 
arrears, made the stand worth 
100 and took Border past his 
own fifty. The rest was 

Vengsarkar batted with 
impressive grace and style on 
Saturday as be and Shastri 
stayed together until India de- 
clared with nine overs left Their 
unfinished stand of 298 for the 
sixth wicket was an Indian 
record against any country. 
Shastri had long periods of 

inactivity, interspersed with 

bouts of hitting. Both teams, in 
fact, scored loo slowly in their 
first innings and this did noth- 
ing to help them achieve a 
positive result. 

• Sunil Gavaskar was presented 
with a £6.000 silver salver, its 
inscription encrusted in di- 
amonds. on Saturday night by 
the Indian Cricket Board. The 
gift was to mark Gavaskar's 
world record number of Test 
centuries, which now stands at 
33. Vengsarkar was given a less 
resplendent salver to com- 
memorate the three Test hun- 
dreds he has scored ax Lord’s. 

and nudging and Jones playing 
ie forceful driv 

AUSTRALIA: First Inrtngs 345 (G R Marsh 
101; NS Yadav 4 for 84) 

some torceiui drives and square 
cuts. Australia by mid-after- 
noon were dearly safe and the 
tension finally cased when Bor- 
der swept Yadav for four. This 

Second Inrtogs 
O C Boon c More fa Shastri _ 
GR Marsh b Shastn 

O M Jones not out 

•A R Bonier not out . 


West Indians let off 

Extras (to 5. to 5. nb 7) _ 

Total (2 wkts) 216 

G M Ritchie. G R J Matthews. M R J 

Rawalpindi (Reuter) — The 
West Indians took advantage of 
missed chances by the Pakistan 
President's XI and made 208 for 
five on the curtailed opening 
day of their three-day match 
here yesterday. The start was 
delayed by more than an hour 
because the pitch was still wet 
after rain on Thursday night 
Richardson (67) and Gomes 
(66). who shared a second- 
wicket partnership of 1 13. both 
benefited from fielding lapses as 
the West Indians recovered 
from the early loss ofGreenidge. 
Later Richards scored an un- 
beaten 40. including six fours. 

WEST INDIANS: First innings 
c G Greenxlge IDW fa Mohsin 

RB Richardson cSalm fa Zakt 67 

H A Gomes c Salim fa Zata 66 

ALLoaelbwfaZatar .4 

■| V A Richards not out 40 

IT R O Payne tow fa Zakv 0 

Veiefta. fT J Zoehrsr, R J Bright D R 
Gilbert and B A Retd eftd not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-64. 2-70. 
BOWUNG- K3pJ Dev 6-1-24-0: Manmdw 
20-6-31-0: Shastn 30*604 Yadav 23-7- 
52-0: KUkarw 6^29-Ct SnWonft 3-00D- 

INDIA: First Innings 
5 M Gavaskar c Rrtchie b Matthews . 103 

R A Harper not out 14 

Extras (b 5. B>2. nb 6) 13 

K Snkkanth c Marsh b Bright ... 24 

1 Matthews 

Total (5 wkts> 208 

M O Marshall. C G Butts. C a Wats* ana w 
K R Benpnvn to bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-10.2-123.3-137.4- 
158. 5-158. 

BOWLING Mohan 11-4-29-1; Zakv 22-3- 
70-4: N adeem 18-5-15-0. Riaz 7-1-32-0: 
Ant 4-2-14-0: Sha*& 3-1-11-0 
PRESIDENTS Xfc Stmts Mohammad. 
Masood Anwar. *javed Mlandad. Gasan 
Omar, haz Ahmed. Ant Muitaba. Nadeem 
Ghoun. tSabm Yousuf. Mohsoi Kamal. 
Zakir Khan. Moh a mm ad Riaz. 

tK S More c Jones b Matthews 15 

M Amamath c Vsbtta b Matthews — 35 

D B Ven^arkar not out 164 

M AzharudtSn c VetaHa b Matthews _ 10 

R J Shastn not out 121 

Extras (b 9. fcl 5. nb 21) _45 

Total (5 wfcts dec) 517 

•Kapil Dev. N S Yadav. R R Kutkami and 
Mamnder Stroll dxJ not UaL 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-53. 2-119. 3-193. 4- 
205. 5-219. 

BOWUNG- Rad 32-5-81-0: G4bert 24-3- 
75-0: Matthews 52-8-158-4. BngW 3^6- 
109-t: Border 1 00-29-0. Waugh 14-2-41- 



GALASMELS: East of Scotland enm- 

counry relay: 1. Edrtxagn Southern Ham- 
ers. 46me ~ 

. 4&sec 2. TemoWata Hamers. 
46 0£ 3. Falfcrt. Verona. 48.12. Fastest tap: 
(2‘mies) 1. J Robson (Southern!. 1 1:35. 
PBONG: kiiwruUorai m a rathon: 1. K 
T#sj *0 (Japan). 2f» 7mm 35s ec. 2. K ho 
I Japan). 2.-07.57: 3. J Kangaa (Tan). 20839 
4.GSfvjn3nga/Tar). 20939. S. GSamtCB) 
JM039. 6 M Nish. (Japan). 2:11.10. Other 
HrHtalr 9. 1 Bte. 21321. 


AALBORG: Barash Open: Men: SanHtaate 

M Frost Item bt S » Yu (Aus). IK. 15-9 M 

KtekJsen (Den) t>1 I Fmdwurwn (Den). 15-9. 

15-11 rmnt Frost 01 MKjeWsen. 1S-9. 15-10. 

Uouhtes. Seni-fttafs U Yongbo and Dan 
Bnrjyi tChtra] be M Omshansan and Kiektson 

T Deacon 57 10 CC Surtoury: (25m| 1 . M 
Pyng. ICC BietManJi 562* Team CC 
Suttoiny. 3 8 41 Bognor Rems: 1 O Wood 
(VC Si Raphael) 1 12-42. Team: VC St 
Ropnae). 3 45 47 Leeds DoatopOe: (2-up. 
25mj 1. G Speicm and W Randfe [Chester 
fwtd Gttxeursi. s6 18 Andrew Cars CP das 
Gentlemen: 12-uo 2Sml 1. P Rervuson 
(Xnaretxiri)r«n CC) and B wroates rvc 
Leads). U Mn g dcn CC (25m) 1. J 
Pmcnara. (Poly CC) 54 19. Teem: 1 . Po*y 

HI drabs: Cotford CC: lYorts Ml. 
Sevenoahs 660yCsr. 1. S fJarcham [34th 
NomaasLl-564 Team: 34m nomads. 6:39.4. 
Manc hes tar W h o We re, israreinq Stones. 
MacdesfieW. 1.477yds). t. □ Wessier (Mon 
Wti). 3250 Bee CC: (Tnsev Lana, 
westemam 700yds) 1 . CUywtweiParagon 
FTY 1538 (ream. Tram: 34tn norraes. 
648 4 Britah Nadew Fuels: (Nid> OThmeie. 

rvnalers 3. P i t tsburg h Pengums 8. Nen 
terser Dev* t. SuWato 

i Saorra 4. Wasting- 

:on Capitals 2. Deiron fieo Wags 5. Cagary 
=lames 3: Montreal Cana*ens 5. Wnripec 

rets 3 Tor onto Maple Usds 3. Ctvcago E 

- Sots aTvaneou- 

-ia»ws 2. Mrmescta Ncnh Stars 
nn Canucks 1. St Lous Blues * Quebec 
-iordquss a Boston Bruns 4. Los Angeles 
<mgs 1. 


BRTnSH LEAGUE CUP: FtoaL Aral leg: 
Cradtay Heath 38 (E Gundersen It. P CoOns 
7i Orion) 40 (H Nielsen 11. M Co* 10). 
BRADFORD: Wa 00 't eam to urname nt 1. 
Bradford 33. 2. Wotwerhampton 32 3 
Sheffield 13 

NOR MAN SMTH TROPHY: Stoke 42. Mtt- 

lOeni. 15-10. 18-16: 0 Tatar and M Dew (Eng) 

tl. 6-15. 15- 

dtoSbcoucti 38 


« S Radtoerg and J Hetoda (Deni. 

10. 1 7-14. Final: li and Tan bt Tailor and Dew. 

15-9. 1S-3. Women: Semi- finals: P 

Nedergaard (Deni bt S Kitada (Japan). 1 1-3. 

1 1-9: Zneng Yu* i&aia) hi H Troke (Eng). 11- 

7. 1V0. FmaLZhenqbtNe d qo Ba 

3 Doubles. a erm-Hn a l a. Zheng and Gu 

Aemng iCftnai bt O Kiaer and N Me&en 

(Deni 12-15. 15-10. 15-12: G Clark and G 

Gofers i Engl bt M Bengtsson and C 

Magmsson iSwe). 15-4. 15-7. Float: Clarita 

1 R Kmcn (Bristol umersny). 4:14.5 Tf 
SaHordS Ureversitv. 14 45 0. 

WOLLONGONG, Austrebs: CommanweaSh 
Bark amateur classic: Stage it 1. M 
Carisson iSwei. inr 59mn 13sec 2 G Mdter 
(NZ). at 38sec. 3 B Rassenaerg IAusl 51 
Stage 14:1 A AnoeissoniS<M>i. 1 1H35.2.J 
CUy (Eng;. 5 3 S Sunderland lAusi. ID 
Or e i lltt. f L WaMovrSt iSatal. 3253 IS. 2. A 
Lagan (Aus) 1 1 3 S Holce (AuSi. 54. 4. M 
Ansenmei tSwtzl. 60. 5. D Dane lEngi 1:35. 

LEAGUE: Camerbury 40, Hack- 
BRmSH LEAGUE: Friday: Coventry 51. 

Yesterday- - Be0e Vue - ^ nndor '' Pp st poned 

r Swiooon 49. Reaamg 28 


HEATON: PMps Buaness Systems North ot 
England women's open Brest L SoutCer 
IGJOUC) M S Bwgeu (Yorks). 9-3. 1-9. 9«. 9- 

aoo Gowrs beat Zheng and Gu 9-15. 18-ib. 

17-16 Hated douWea. e m ia fma ls: Dew and 

n Tador and E Van Dhck (Nemi. 15* 

15-2. J Krudsen and ffieben (Oenl a 

CDnstamen ara Clark. 15-13. 14-17. 15-4 

Fatal: Dew and Grids boat Knudsan and 

toelswi. 16 - 10 . 16 - 11 . 




RAWJERS. Denmark: Eunpaon 

— ands - ' 

ch mn pro ni tap: (12 rounds): G B 
(DenjDl F Blanco iBefl 

NORTHUMBERLAND: Dady MM lo m tomn: 

Bearsted IK Toweil and I Trme«i bt H^neWte 
Castle |M Smith and 5 Jenkins' 2 and i. 
Harwood (J Evans and 5 Toirier) cr Hears*" 
|P Cooke and O CarroKi. 4 and 3 Cattenck 
Gamson |M Pererson and D Cc<) bt Pastures 
(I Smith ana S McWtiiamsL cne hole, 
uantr/sant and RonrjOtxt (M Ne*m and N 
Bawwn) bt PBmrae Pan, |R Tumer and J 
Couchtan) 3 and 1 Unn Park (G Ftoeerdav 
and J Snepnerditn Porters Park (R Dear and B 

UN Z: Empun L tay i r: England 7. Austrra 

EUROPEAN CUP: Hard mm* Sreeatock 
Wonemanwon 5. Tausvota )Or>. l. 



Lems) 4end3.SnrerailertjRiC3andlRigg> 
U Oramelcnjrti (E >1wrnscv> aKJ vY |— 

R A W F- 9mn irira gr an d proc Ouarter- 
Bnab: Y Noah fFrlbt A Knckstein (US1. 5-4.0- 
6 5-4 BGAeniUSiaiGMderiSAi.6-3.7-S. 


C35araj8-2.Zimoaowe)44 (AMemch445. 
G Ferns 4-571 

ADELAIDE: Australian SO-mrer Cupi Onug 

match: South Australia 245-5 (A MkMcn 
S WundKe 54 not out) Tasmania 175-5 (R 
Some 51 not OUL R Woolley 43 not out. T May 
4-9). Souin Aussaba and TasmareaquaHy for 


_ ’ Cnr.swi 

tons up: uown-br-Cftesrer iA C’/tcreey and 8 
Thomasi ti Florril«/ (C Harr, ion ano R 

Hemni 4 ana 3. asnoeswood iJ T-armey 
ano P Clark el *10 Tandargee iB Hazard and 
L vraneni. scr Ouaner-fatats: Ha'MKa BT 
Bearsted 7 and 5. Cat1enc» Gamson ot 
Damns am and Pcntychm. ar 19m Linn Par* 
di SXveroaie. at I9 p. Upicn-ti-Cnes)er bi 
B isnopswood 3 and 1 Seoa-Mnais: Harwood 
ft Catrenck Carnscn orw us. Unn Park bt 
Upton-by -Chester 2 and 1 . Ftaah Lmn Pan. n 
Harwood 3 ano 2 

loaMes. leaa-finals: G Forger and Noam Fr| 
is J Hlosek iSwitzl ano P Soal iCrecW 7-5. 

7-6. J Gtamarsson iS*m an e T Snad (Cracni 
br Ao«y iBrzlanavc F*a> iPsO. 6-4. 6-2 
TOKYO: Japan Opera Mem Sem-hnals: R 
Knshnan (bitfl ta K lUSV 50. 7-5. J 
Cansson iEwoi bt J vzaga iPeru) 63 5-0 
Final: Knsrman br Cansscn 6-3 6-1 ~ 

Bonm-finais: k Ftjrn am M Anger (US), hi B 
Si. 6-2. 6-4. J Anas 

GJ-iufii and B Pearce (US' _ . . . 
and G Hoimcs msi a L Sietanki ano R Van 1 
Hoi (US) 6-3 3-6 6-3 Women's Mat H 
Ketesi i Can, n B Futo lArg). 6-2. 6-2 
O o uM ea. aa ira hn a latS Coras and SWalsn- 
Pwe iUSi 01 A Dnnwafi lAus) and J Kaplan 

5T BERLIN: Sa-day: LracSoa ptadno. 
1 day, 1. D Ctark (Aus) are) A Dov® (GS). 
hs. 2. J Knsten iWG) and H Herman) 

WEST BERUft Sa-day: 

thro ( 

l67pts. 2. J ikrenn iwuj ana n narura 
ILicfi). 181. at 1 130 3. U Freufef (3wici and R 
Piinan iNeth) 15& at i lap 
Tana tnats: LaridA 12-up. BSnMwI.I- » 
end S Crnrley (Soutnpon RCCl 



iWtenWni . . 

Rockford (Poly CO;21 JS Tandem: V Hanes 


<U5i. 6-1. 6-3 S Mascot* and 8 Naqelsen 
' (USl. 7-5. 

GEOGSMARIANHUTT: Woman's ixider-21 
I n tel naoonMe: VV«l Germany * Enguno 3. 
Wesi Germany 6. England 2. 

(USl 31 L AnicmoBoto ji>J B Getken (L 
5-7 6-3 


CriMiay ana S Ctcwiey (Soutnpon RCCl 
57iMiS2sec AiMeniWhMtaa:(2-up. 15m) 
A Pureey (Grawsserto CO and J Janes 
henWii 34.6 MaMra Dtatnct (lOra) I A 


end D MaifJLBO RO 2&49 Wessec Pjop 

NORTH AMERICA: National League (NHL): 

Fndoy: PmsBixgn Penguns 7 Bidiao&ttres 

3 Toromo Made Lrati; 1 rm Jersey Dev-js 

35mi (40-09 Me WWW- I.MMug^nsi 
Haway. 54 WTlW 3«J e 

) ano were A LmOrey and 

2. E dm c n ton Geers 4 Denot Red 7/ngs ! 

3. Ww Ynrk 

Saturday: New York Raneers 

islanders 2 BMaceipnia Fyws 5 Hantar: 

Royal Bank Scottish NnbanM League Mac 
First drvtskxv Team Scottish Fanrt 5 Bekshtl 
Cai&nals 3. Fatam E«ectr<a» Jet? 0 East 
kjibna* 3 Dundee lurkljn 0 Team Krystal 
Mea? 1 Woman: Fust ffi vi ran: Team Scottoh 
Faun 0. Fitines Span 3. Glasgow Bannermon 
0. Provincial insutanco 3 irrvorefyoa 1 
Larbert Lades 1 


Indoor success: Becka- after bis victory over Lendl 

Lendl overpowered 

Sydney (Reuter) — Boris 
Becker, the Wimbledon cham- 
pion, dropped the first set but 
came back to overpower Ivan 
Lendl 3-6, 7-6. 6-2, 6-0 in die 
final of the Australian indoor 
tennis championship here 

The West German, aged 18, 
blunted Lendl's firepower with 
his rifle-like serve and powerful 
ground strokes to dose out the 
match in two hours 27 minutes. 
Becker humiliated Lendl in the 
final set, breaking ibe top seed 
and defending champion in the 
first, third and fifth games to 
race to a 5-0 lead. For Becker, 
the second seed, it was the 
founh grand prix tournament 
success of the year. 

Becker has now beaten Lendl 
on three of the four occasions 
they have met this year. His 
other wins were in the final of 
the Chicago event in March and 
at Wimbledon in July. The 
pair's head-to-head record now 
stands at 5-3 in favour of LendL 

Becker needed four match 
points to secure the win as Lendl 
tried valiantly to stay in the 
match. What was significant 
about yesterday’s victory was 
that it came on pJexipave, a hard 
court surface that particularly 
suits Lendl’s game. “Lendl is 
still No. 1. but Tm getting closer 
and closer," Becker said after his 
emphatic triumph. Consistency 

is what Becker believes stands 
between him and the top rooL 
"Ivan seems to reach a final 
almost every week." he said. 
“Playing the good players brings 
out the best in me. but I still 
sometimes have trouble with 
the notrso-good players." • 

Lendl has won four grand prix 
tournaments this year against 
Becker's four. Lendl said he did 
not feel non-Grand Siam events 
bad much importance asbe was 
No.l . "It’s not a disaster to lose 
to Boris. It’s just another day. 
another match," he said after 
only his fifth loss of the year. 

The next Grand Slam tour- 
nament is the Australian Open 
at Kooyong in Melbourne in 
January next year. 

RESULT'S: MW’s ttegtoe SeaMkuk ) 
Land (Cz)btP Cash (Aus), 7-6. 8-2: B 
Becker (WG) bt G Lftyandackar (USL 64, 
6-4. Ffaafc Backer bt Land. 36, 7-6, 0-2. 
6-0. ManTs doubles: Becker and J 
FftznwakJ (Aus) bt B DreweB and K 
Warwick (Aus), 6-4, 7-6. 


Croydon’s Duke McKenzie 
is to defend his European 
flyweight title against 
Giampiero Pinna, of Italy. 
The deadline for purse offers 
to the European Boxing 
Union is October 27. 

Inflating reputations 
in the Bath bubbles 

By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Comspoodent 

But for two Bath bubbles, 
yesterday's finals of the British 
Home Stores national parks 
champions hips woold not have 
finished. A month ago, ftmr 
courts were boosed under two 
synthetic babbles in Royal Vic- 
toria Park, Bath, and con- 
sequently, the last two days of 
this nation-wide tournament — 
one winner came from Glasgow, 
another from Exeter — were 
locked away from the prevailing 
wind and rain. 

The environment mind yon, 
was unosaaL Trees hemm ing in 
the transparent bobbles looked 
Like pictures on tbe walls. There 
was little room for spectators 
while umpires had to scramble 
to improvised perches on top of 
the airtight, revolving, doors. A0 
this was a bizarre climax to an 
event that originally attracted 
some 4,000 competitors — twice 
as many as the mare dis- 
tinqaished, recently condoled, 
British national championships. 

The parks event was inango- 
rated last year when 16 local 
authorities took part. This year 
the □ amber rose to 28, of which 
17 were represented in 
Saturday's semi-finals of tbe 
seven events, and it is envisaged 
that about 40 will be selling the 

third edition of; what has twnud 
ont to be, the sports promoter's 
version of a best-seller. WeD, 
tennis players have no start 
somewhere and some remark- 
ably good ones have started in 
the parks. Remoober Roger 

Taylor played his parks ten- 
in Sheffield, a 

ms id snemeM, a dty repre- 
sented in aD three of yesterday's 
doubles finals. Tbe mixed final 
was a repetition of last year’s 
except that, this time, Elaine 
Andrews and David Lazarus 
(Redbridge) won more easily. 
Paul Beu (Exeter), last year’s 
boy's champion ami men’s ran- 
ner-np. beat Lazarws in the 
senior finaL Even at this modest 
level the heroes and heroines 
are becoming EunBiar. 

RESULTS: Men’s singles: P BoB (Boater) 
fat 0 Lazarus (Fiedbridoa), 6-2, 6-2: 
WoawYsmmlu: MssLOo1((Gtessow) 
bt Miss Stmhot (Hflmmersrkth and 

Fulham). 6-3. 7-5; Man's doubles: a 

Dalton end A Savage (Sheffield) bt P 

Jordan Bnd P Stone (Exoter). 6-1, 6-1: 

Women's doubta P*s J Famous and 

Mss L Turner (ftodbndge) bt Mis J 

GoUtSng end Mrs P Pass ffinaHWd). 6-S. 

6-2; Mixed doubles: Miss E Andrews and 

D Lazarus (RedbndW) fat Mrs J GoiSiw 
and A Savage (Stefoxd). CF3. 6-1. Boy? 
stogies C Howoego (Luton) bt A Nonfa 
(Liverpool). 6-7.YS. 6-1; G&ffs Mom 
Miss E FtMon (Ayr) fat Mtss C Spencer 
(Hanmeisnnth and Fulham), 6-0. 6-1. 

Mandlikova pulls out 

Fran a Special Correspondent, Stuttgart 

Martina Navratilova won the 
Porsche grand prix tournament 
yesterday with a 6-2. 6-3 victory 
over the second seed. Hana 
Mandlikova. It was a straight- 
forward success for Miss 
Navratilova against the sup- 
posedly injured Czechoslo- 
vakian player, who has pulled 
out of the Pretty Polly classic at 
Brighton because of a stomach 

Miss Mandlikova’s game did 
not seem to suffer, however, as 
she admitted she had been 
outplayed. “I felt pressure from 
her all the time. She attacks your 
first serve, she attacks your 
second serve. So I tried to serve 
too well and hit some double 
faults." she said. 

Miss Mandlikova now plans 
to take a few days off to allow 

Gomer. of England, her injury 
suffered at Tdfford not having 
healed as well as she had 
expected. Their places in the 
main draw have been taken by 
Sylvia Hanika, winner in 1984, 
and Anne Hobbs. 

Although Miss Hobbs es- 
caped the qualifying event, her 
first round match is against the 
fourth seed. Manuela Maleeva. 
— and that, is exactly what she 
wanted to avoid. *Td rather 

pick up some computer points 

’ '■ 3f — ~ 

winning a couple of matches in 
qualifying than draw a seed in 
the first round." she said last 

RESULTS: Shntu raw) Crate M Nm- 

z 6-3. Doufaim « ami firatr FlavraHma 

the injury to heal. Also out of 

the Brighton event is Sara tsuzM (Ft). M. 2-6. 6-2. 



7.30 urtsss stated 

CENTRAL LEAGUE: Second dJriwxt 
Barrdeyv Bradford (7.0). . 

Fourth efiyision 

Stockport v Preston .... 

MULriPART LEAGUE: GM A cc ep t ance 
Corporation Cup: QuaStying round: Hyde 
v Macclesfield. Mossisy v-Wmon. 


SNOOKER: Rothmans Grand Pnx. final 
jaidie Hexagon. Rwcftnak Ub of 
ft xkpoo) Holiday 


Leeds humbled by 
merciless machine 

By Keith Maddin 

The merciless Australians 
continued their awe-inspiring 
preparation for next Saturday’s 
first international at Old 
TrafTord vrith a comprehensive 
40-0 humiliation of Leeds. If the 
Kangaroos wanted to exert 
themselves they might well have 
topped 60. 

Even allowing for the quality 
of the Australians, Leeds were a 
great disappointment, and 

dogs- Oldham scored first when 
Clark, tbe huge Australian for- 
ward, made a gap for Bndge. ms 
countryman in tbe centre. 
Hobbs kicked the goal and for a 
while Oldham played with con- 
fidence: . 

Then a disputed penalty goal 
from Gill was quickly followed 
by a break by Bed, the New 
Zealand centre, which sent in 
Foid for a try. Gill lacked the 
1 and at half-tune Wigan led 

rarely competed. They made the 
" • ' ’ if allowing d 

fetal' mistake of allowing the 
<hre-fiowmg,tourists to ran with 
the ball, and the Australians 
responded by scoring eight tries. 
Two of them came from 
O’Connor, the wing, who also 
kicked four goals. 

The ease with which the 
Australians found gaps in the 
borne defence was- underlined 
when Sterling, tbe halfback, 
made an opening for Dowling, 
the front row forward, to trot 
through a wide gap at his leisure. 

Australia fielded .what was 

In tbe second half Wigan 
showed something like their 
normal form as Oidhain ran out 
of steam, heart and confidence. 
Ford and Roberts were 
outstanding as Edwards ran in 
for two tries, Lydon scored a try 
'and dropped a goal, and Gill 
completed five goals. 

In yesterday’s championship 
matches. Warringtoa main- 
tained their pursuit of St Hel- 
ens. the top .dub who beat 

virtually their ftiil international 

squad for next Saturday. To- 
morrow night they send their 
second string to [day Cumbria at 
Barrow, and such is the strength 
in depth of these 1986 tourists 
that another comfortable vic- 
tory seems assured. 

At St Helens, Wigan won 
their eighteenth Lancashire Cup 
in 32 finals after an uncertain 
start against Ofdhana, the under- 

; Trinity i 

12-2. but Andy Gregory came 
on- as substitute to inspire the 
Warrington attack, and they 
eventually won 28-18. 

wtdaes. another 

championsip chasing side also 

came from behind, turning an 

~ ' - - - in to a 20-18 

1 8-4 deficit at Lech into a L . . 
victory with a late try from 
Gilbert. In tbe second division, 
Kneon Higbfidd had a fine 
22-4 win over Sheffield Eagles. 


First win 
goes to 
Red Sox 

New York (Reuter) — Hie 
Boston Red Sox scored on a 
ground ball through the legs of 
second baseman, Tim Teufel, to 
beat the New York Mets 1-0 on 
Saiurday night in the opening 
game of foe best-of-seven 

CotpoMion Cup: OuaOMna maid: Salis- 
bury v Cambridge C«y. 

SQUASH RACKETS; Noli) ot England 
Open tournament (at . Prostwicti. 


Tbe Mets, who hit a meagre 
0.189 in the National League 
championship series against the 
Houston Astros, managed only 
four hits off Red Sox starter, 
Bruce Hurst, and reliever. Cal- 
vin Schiraldi, who pitched the 
ninth inning. 

The only nio in the game was 
scored in the seventh inning. 
Jim Rice led off by drawing a 
base on balls, and moved up on 
Darling’s second wild pitch of 
the game. One out later, ru irhir 
Rich Gedman, hit a routine 
ground ball to Teufel, who tailed 
to get his glove down as the ball 
scooted through his legs into 
right field. Rice got home wdO 
ahead of Darryl Stntwbeny’s 
throw and Gedman cruised 
into second. 


call for 

David CorkilL, making his 
debut in the Liverpool Victoria 
Insurance Superbowl, pocketed 
the world record first prize of 
£12,000 in Manchester on Sat- 
urday when be beat his country- 
man. Jim Baker, bythreesets to 

CorkilL who earlier in the day 
edged ont tbe world champion, 
Tony Allcock, 3-2 in the semi- 
final, dropped the opening set to 
Baker 7-4. He looked as if he 
would fell further behind when 
he traded Baker 3-5 in tbe 

But a count of three followed 
by a single allowed Corkill to 
square the match one set all and 
he then turned , in a sparkling 
display in the next two sets. He 
claimed tbe second 7-3 after 
eight ends and then needed just 
four ends more to clinch vic- 
tory, taking the fourth set 7-2. 

Corkill said after his win: “1 
am obviously delighted. Until 
now, 1 have been recognized asa 
better outdoor player although I 
don't necessarily agree with 
ffud. " ' 

Fhrafc D Cortot (BrftetQ bL J Baker 
(BaSsst) 4-7.7-S. 7-3^7-2. 


Kelly aims to walk tall 

By George Ace 

Dave McAufey puts an un- 
beaten sequence on the line 
against Joe Kelly in Glasgow’s 
Albany Hall tonight with the 
British flyweight title as the 
prize.. ■ 

McAuley, aged 25, from 
Larne in Northern Ireland, is 
the vastly more experienced of 
the two, having won 10 and 
drawn two of his 12 contests; 
including a tenth -round stop- 
page, despite a broken finger, of 
another . Scot, Bobby . 
McDermott, who took only 
three rounds to halt Kelly in 

Kelly, aged 22, who can just 
top five feet standing on tip-toe, 
hails from Glasgow’s Gorbals. 
After a disastrous professional 
debut -against McDermott he 
won his next six contests and 
battled the way one expects of a 
boxer of his stature: noorStop 
attack with fists Railing.'jusr the kind of oppo- 
nent McAufey does not want. 
McAuley possesses - firepower 
but tbe wee Scot, may - prove a 
more difficult opponent than 
the records suggest 


Authaal to seek classic 
double at Longchamp 

From OuTlrish Racing Correspondetit,DabIm 

Authaal. all-the-way winner 
of the Irish Si Leger eight days 
ago. will attempt a classic dou- 
ble next Sunday when be goes 
for the French equivalent, the 
Prix Royal Oak. at Longchamp. 

David O’Brien, his trainer, 
confirmed the plan at Naas on 
Saturday after Warsaw Pact, the 
most expensive winner of the 
day, had survived a stewards* 
inquiry to take the Woodlands 

Sheikh Mohammed's Danzig 
colt, who cost $350,000, may 

have been a little lucky to hold 

on to the race as he I 
keep a straight course. 

The victory ofStirabout in the- 
Newbridge Handicap, Hurdle 
provided the middle leg of a 
treble for Dermot Weld and also 
marked the 100th winner of the 
season for the Omagh trainer. 

The first of the Weld winners 
was Risky Game in the Cotm 
McEvoy Two-year-old Fifties’ 
Race. She is a beautifully bred 
youngster by Troy out of $ wee! 

Mint, who won the Cork and 
Orrery Stakes at Royal Ascot 

The . Wekl treble was com- 
pleted when Sonnet, the top 
weight, beat Maiden . Fair in a 
photo finish , to the Blessmgton 
Handicap. Sonnet will be con- 
signed to ■ the Newmarket 
December safes and that is also 
the ultimate destination for 
Nordtca, who won the following, 
race, the Carna Stakes. 

Nonfica was sent over by Alec 
Stewart to run at the Phoenix 
Park nine, days ago and after 
tailing to get into the money 
there, was left m Ireland for the 
Naas race. It disproved a profit- 
able derision as Nordica earned 
almost £9.000. 

Golden Dome started 

fevourite, despite top weight, i 

the Red Sunset 
Nursery but, after showing 
plenty of speed, weakened up 
the lull to finish a well-beaten 
third behind Native Sal. whose 
win provided the young trainer, 
Robbie Connolly, with his most 
valuable success this season. 

Antheus foils British 

Antheus (Gary Moore) 
proved too good for the British 
trioofDihisian, St Hilarionand 
Tommy Way. when running 
away with the group one Gran 
Premio del Jockey-Club ai San . 
Siro. Milan yesterday. ‘ 

Tbe Criqueue Head-trained 
colt now retires to stud in 
Prance. Dihistan. who finished - 
third, did best of the invaders 
but was never a danger to 
Antheus once he had. surren- 
dered the lead 300 yards out. St 

Hilarion stayed on weft to take 
urib with Tom 

fourth with Tommy Wav having 
nh place. 

to settle fora share off!' 

Mummy’s Favourite, a stable 
companion ofTommy Way, ran 
well "to take third behind Saint 
Samba and Only Star in the 
Premio Bagutta earlier -in the 
afternoon. Pat Eddery, who rode 
Bold And Beautiful for Gavin . 
Pritchaid-Gordon. was well ' 
beaten in seventh. 

Tbe Dunlop camp finally had . 
something to shout abbut when ■' 

Three ^ Tails (WiUfe Carson) 
showed a good turn of foot to 
land the P remio Dormefto. 

On Saturday. Newmarket 
trainers dominated the finish of 
the Premio Vittorio di Capua m 
whtch^tbe Henry Cecil-trained 
Star Cotter (Wifli c Ryan) was 
always going too well for Mi- 

(o swsegsa.ssaK 

P™"" the Prix du 

cS? Henry 

Ctecirs Mashkour was a diZ 
teppouitmg fifth. a <“*- 

.Mashkour had every chance. 
Steve Cauthen electing to go to 
^ Prions*- But 
only ntn on at one pare 
afer being headed by the 



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golden, olden words of English, y’all 

® r inori Pk>- > — ■ .... 

• Tie Story of English _ pi*_ _ 

'■ S - 5 P m> looks at Uic ( CHOIPF ^ 

c^kJki * 51 conm t>uiiOn to the ' s wrlUlUC J 

S0mc 0fit thei ? f or recommendation, 
Cr phascs of Particularly when U' s a repeat But 
min«?w^ pmer i L Thc gold lf you were ever to watch only one 

r^ TO of ^^"tie r neural history series, I'm sure 

° Ul £ Stn ^ it rich", *hat diaries Darwin himself 

a beaver”; and the JgSJ? recommend Life On Earth 

SCJJSI* ®P rr Ihe railwa ys led to 1, 7.35pm). It illustrates so 

JH8HL ®F* Slearn ”> “back v,V!dl y both the beauty and the 
trecKing ana making the grade” unimaginable variety of wildlife 
To other source of lively, collo^ (Picture gening the millionrodd 

S t tSL^ rncn ^ a n l b of course, the 5*®** 50 ^ discovered on to 
turopean immigrants' native Noah’s Ark. two by two), and the 
tongues, German. Italian and, aw esome timescale of creation: 
above all, the language of our . P un y 2 million years set 
jauizpay and humour. Yiddish. a Bamst for example, the snaiTs 
Robert MacNcil explains how the ^ million. Tcmight, David 
Amoican child came to influence Attenborough reaches birds, “The 
uideed to overwhelm, the English of the Air” 

P*rem, • When today's sportsmen 

that they are criticized for being 
“too honest”, I tend to substitute 
the adjectives, “vain, child i s h nnri 
self-indulgent”. Which, of course. 

There is such a glut of wildlife 
ogrammes these days that 1 
sitatc to pick out any one of. 

has nothing whatsoever to do wish 
the fact that Ian Botham is Open 
to Question tonight (BBC 2, 
735pm), talking to young peole 
from all over Britain. The ques- 
tion of drag taking, not surpris- 
ingly. is uppermost 

• Any new sit-com featuring the 
comedic talents of Penelope Keith 
and Geoffrey Palmer should be 
worth sampling. Tonight sees the 
debut of Executive Stress (ITV, 
8pm X written by Geoige Layton 
(of Don't Wait Up feme), in which 
a publisher’s wife, and former 
publisher's editor herself; decides 
to go back to work now that her 
five children are grown up. 

• On its first showing last year, 
Coining Next (C4, 8.30pm) was an 
indispensible fixture of my late- 
night Saturday viewing for the 
sake of “WestJEnders”, its outra- 
geous spoof soap set in a Fulham 
club patronized by Sloane Rang- 

ers. Tonight's repeat, however, is a 
special edition of the programme, 
a clever pastiche of the pop music 
shows of the 1960s — remember 
Ready Steady Co? 

Radio highlights, in brief, include 
The Crossing Keeper's House 
(Radio 4, 8.15pm), Dawn Lowe- 
Waison's play about the forced 
intimacy of strangers, a man and 
woman (Richard Pasco and Jen- 
nie Stoller) marooned in a snow- 
bound East Anglian cottage for 
days on end. 

• And there is the much-buded 
Elly Ameling Recital (Radio 3, 
8pm) recorded at this year’s Bath 
FhstivaL In the first half the 
Dutch soprano is accompanied by 
Rudolf Jensen in Schubert lleder, 
and after the interval she gives us 
songs by French and Spanish 

Anne Campbell Dixon 

Edited by peter Dear 
and Christopher Davalle 

Geoffrey Palmer (left), Harry Ditson and Penelope Keith (ITV 8pm) 

i i Irishman s 

r i call for 

r;j recognition 


15 £ 

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a. QO .Ceefax AM. 

630 Breakfast Time with Sally 
Magnusson and Guy MitcheH. 
Weather at 635, 7Jfe, 835 and 
5-55; regional news, weather 
and traffic at 637, 737, 757 
and 827; national and 
international news at 7.00, 

7 JO, 0.00, 830 and 9.00; sport 
at7JS0 and 820: and a review 

827. other 

Steve Blackneii with me latest 
pop music news. 

9-05 Wifi to Win. The story of 
Maureen Hkon who was 
forced to give up her teaching 
career because of an accident. 
She joined her husband in a 
flames inventing enterprise 
and found rt a very competitive 
business, (r) 

935 Ceefax 1020 Way School. 
1030 Ceefax. 

1.00 News After Noon with Richard 
Whitmore and Sue Carpenter, 
indudes news headlines with 
subtitles 1-25 Regional news 
and weather. 130 Bertha, (rl 

1.45 Cartoon Double BHL 

2.00 The Ctofhea Show. SeGna 
Scott meets young designers 


the Teacher- Paul Jones 
presents another round of the 
pupils versus teachers quiz 

1 John Craven’s Newsround 
5.05 Blue Peter. Shnon Groom 
turns detective as he tries to 
unravel the mystery of the 
photographic plates 
discovered in a Plymouth Junk 
shop. Who took them ana what 
is the name of the village 
captured in ail its 19th century 

smartan-up the (ads working in 
a Reading garage; Jane Lomas 
traces the half-century success 
. story of Chamos; Bruce 
Okmetd previews his winter 
designs for women's tegs; and 
George Mefly displays his 

230 International Snooker. Wilfia 
Thome plays Warren King; and 
news of the Les Dodd/Mike 
HaHett match. Introduced by 
David Vine 330 Flower of tfw 
Month. Geoffrey Smith 
discusses dahlias, (r) 3.10 
Pooeye. Cartoon 3.15 Songs 
of Ms* from the CoUegiata 
Church of St Mary’s. 
HadCftngton. (shown yesterday) 
(Ceefax) 322 Regional news. 

335 Pie in tfw Sky. Far the young 

4.10 WtabH, presented by Paul 
Daniels 430 The Mysterbos 
CWoa of Gold. Animated 
adventure series. 845 Beet 

535 Masterteam. Angela Rlppon 
presents the first of a new 
series of the quiz game for 

6.00 News with Andrew Harvey aid 
Frances Coverdate. W earner. 

635 London Phis presented by 
John Stapleton, Linda MitcheH 
and Caroline Righton. 

7.00 Wogen. Terry returns and 
among Ms guests are Ronnie 
Barker andMarsha Hurl 

7.35 Life on Earth. Part eight of 
David Attenborough's series 
traces the evolution of birds, (rl 

830 Brush strokes. Comedy series 
about an amorous painter and 
decorator. Starring Kart 
Howman. (Ceefax) 

9.00 News with Julia Somervffle and 
John Humphrys. Regional 
news and weather. 

930 Panorama. The second part of 
the series examining the state 
of the National Health Service. 
John Ware reports on the 
financial constraints and goes 
behind the scenes at St Mary's 
Hospital, Paddington, the 
Northern General. Sheffield, 
and Glen View Hospital, 

10.10 Rim: Invitation to Kefl (1984) 
starring Robert Urich and 
Susan LuccL A made-for- 
tetevistan thriller about the 
sinister goings-on at an 
exclusive country dub. 

Directed by WPs Craven 

11*40 Inte rna tio na l Snooker. 

Introduced by David Vme from 
The Hexagon, Reading. 

12.10 Weather 


W . /A f 

BUI Oddie (centre) returns as Doctor Dimrfe, belpedby Rail* 
McTeU and Jacqni Reddin, in Tickle on the Tom (ITV 4pm) 


r seek 

ifg4 mtit *r 

i** 1 •* 

sr ■"> 


9.00 Ceefax. 

938 Daytime on Two: organisations 
that help the unempoyed 
1020 For four- and five-year 

olds 10.15 Music: bells 1038 
The Hallowe'en festival 11.00 
A wildlife drama about a young 
buzzard 1132 Third year 
options 11A5 The story of the 
palace fortress of Masada. 

12.08 A behind the scenes look at 
BBC Television's newsroom 
1Z40 Songs of protest 135 
Htohfights of the recent series 
of Micro Live 138 Training for 
management ZOO Words and 
pictures 2.15 How forests are 

235 Sign Extra. A repeat of 
yesterday's programme - 
Great Experiments: At the End 
of the Rainbow, adapted for 
the hearing impaired. 

330 International Snooker The 
Rothmans Grand Prix. WBHe 
Thome against Warren King; 
and Les Dodd versus Mike 
KaltetL The commentators at 
the Hexagon. Reading, are Ted 
Lowe, Jack Kamehm and Clive 

6.00 FBrreChvfieCban in Egypt* 
(1935) starring Warner Oland. 
The wHy oriental detective 
scrambles among the 
pyramids looking for an 
assortment of missing ancient 

Egyptian relics, 
olcf Rita Cansmo, (ater 
Hayworth. Directed by Louis 

7.10 international Snooker. Jimmy 
White plays Jack McLapgMta 
in a best of nine-frames match 
at the Hexagon, Reacting. 

735 Open to Question. Ian Botham 
is questioned by a young 
studio audience on a variety of 
subjects, including pot 

: 8.05 The Story of EngBsti. Part five 
of the history of fire English 
language traces the story of 
American Engfish from the 
Revolution to the 1920s. 
Presented by Robert MacNeiL 

930 Fawfty Towers. Basil takes en 
instant efistike to one of Ms 
guests. Mr Johnson, and 
thinks he has smuggled a girl 
into his room. On tfw other 
hand .Basil is smitten by a 
pretty Australian guest and is 
discovered by Sybil in 
compromising positions. (1) 

9.40 Naked Video. The test 
programme in the series of 

comedy sketches starring, 

among others, Ron Bain and 
HetenLederer. (r) (Ceefax) 

1035 International Snooker. Jimmy 
White versus Jack McLaughlin; 
and Neal Fbulds against tifcff 

1030 Newsn l ght The latest national 
and international news 

stories of the day. 

1135 Weather. 

11.40 TetejoumaL Chantal Cuer 
introduces tonight's news as 
seen by viewers of RTL in 
Luxembourg. Ends at 12.10. 

935 Thtones news headlines. 

930 For Schools: a fantasy story 
about kites 947 The story of 
coal 939 Spacemare, a story 
by Tony Ross 10.11 Why we 
need water and how it is 
obtained 1038 Product design 
10.45 Tile Youth Training 
Scheme 1137 Maths: the 
number T 11.19 Science: 
keeping cool 11.41 Protecting 
metal from corrosion. 

1230 Teetime and Claudia (r) 12.10 
- Let's Pretend to the tale of 
The Man Who Had a Round 

1230 The Medicine Men. 

Homeopathic doctors. (1) 

130 News at One with John Suchet 
130 T hames news presented 

by Rottin Houston. 

130 Fflm: Carnival Story (1954) 
starring Anne Baxter and 
Steve Cochran. Two carnival 
workers fad for a young 
German girl who joins the 
troupe as a high ctiver. Directed 
by Kurt Neumann 335 Thames 
news head fines 330 The 
Young Doctors. Medical drama 
series set in a large Australian 
dty hospital. 

430 Tickle on the Turn. Vfllage 
tales tor children 4.10 The 
Trap Door. Animated 
adventures set in a spooky 
castle 430 He-Man and the 
Masters of the Universe. 
Animated science fiction 
adventures 4^5 Henry’s Leg. 
Episode one of a new twice 
weekly drama serial 

5.15 Blockbusters. General 
knowledge game tor 
teenagers, pres e nted by Bob 

5.45 News 630 Themes news with 
Andrew Gardner and John 

635 Help! Vrv Taylor Gee with news 
of a booklet, produced by the 
programme in conjunction with 
Age Concern, about arranging 

635 Crossroads. A romantic night 
out tor Sam and Nicola turns 
out to be a disaster. 

730 Krypton Factor. Pat Cortxdga, 
Paul Kady. Christo p her Beany 

and Nick Ruddick are the 
competitors in this week's heat 
of the mind- and musete- 
stretching competition. 


730 Coronation Street. Mavis has a 
secret assignation with her 
'good friend' (Oracle) 

830 Executive Stress. Anew 
comedy series starring 
Penelope Keith and Geoffrey 
Palmer, (see Choice) 

830 World in Action: A Most 

Un sa tisf ac tory Customer. Part 
one of a two-programme 
investigation into the business 
activities of Abdul Shamji, head 
of fire Gomba Group of 
Companies. Tonight - his 
dealings with Johnson Matthey 
Bankers and the Conservative 

930 Paradise Postponed. Dr Salter 
survives his fall while with the 
Hunt and asks Simeon Simcox 
if the Almighty could be a 
member or The League 
Against Cruel Sports. (Oracle) 

1030 News at Ten and weather, 
followed by Thames news 
headlines . 

1030 Telethon *85 Reports Back. 
Andrew Gardner with an up- 
date to last year's fund-raising- 
tor-charity 24 hour broadcast 
during which £2% million was 

11.15 The New Avengers. Steed 
goes in to action when the 
pulchritudinous Purdy is 
kidnapped, (r) 

12.15 Wght Thoughts. 


230 The Late Late Show. Dublin’s 
popular Saturday night music 
and chat show hosted by Gay 

330 Irish Anffie. Gordon Bums 
assesses the future of Anglo- 
Irish relations if Dr Garrett 
FitzGerald Is replaced by 
Charles Haughey. With Tim Pat 
Coogan, editor of The Irish 
Press, and John Heaiy of The 
Irish Times. 

430 Mavis on 4. Mavts Nicholson 
talks to the Leader of the 
House of Commons, John 
Biffen, about his fife and 

4.30 Countdown. The reigning 
champion of the words nd 
numbers game Is challenged 
by Paul Robson, a student 
from Tyne and Wear. 

Presented by Richard 

530 Grampian Sheepdog Trials. 
The second round of the 
Grampian Television Trophy. 

frornthe c»tebratecPcareer of 
cowboy actor William 5 Hart 

6.00 I could Do That? The final 
programme of the series 
loHowing the fortunes of four 
young people from the north- 
east of England each of whom 
is determined to start their own 
business. (1) (Oracle) 

630 Write On. Part two of the adult 


BBC1 WALES. &3S-&Mpa Wales To- 
= RK L day. 8 l3St30H«tw B row. 12.10- 

1Z5Q**d Rugby Special. Swansea v 
Naatti. HaatHnaa and W aa ttwn 

CtoM. SCOTLAND. <U5-7.00pm Report- 
5.40pm Today 's Sport S^0-t00 InsJdo 
Ulnar. US-ltoo Masurtwm. 12.l0-i2.1tan 
Nows HmdSnas and wuther: Ctoaa. EN- 
GLAND. fcas-TAOpm Ronton* news 


Looker ound 1.30-230 FBm: Run a 
Crooked MUsBlOO Northern Life 6 l 30-7JW 
StrajgMTek 1032 NghtBm MM Tales 
from the ParksJde 12J0aia Listening tor a 

from the DarteJde 12 
Change, Ckoedown. 


6.15 Good Momeig Britain 
presented by Anne Diamond 
and Mike Morris. News with 
Gordon Honeycombs at 630, 
7.00,730, 8.00, 830 and 930; 
financial news at 635; sport at 
6^40 and 730; exercises at 
635 and 9.17; cartoon at 735; 
pop music at 735; and Jimmy 
Greaves’s television highlights 
at 835. At 930, TimmyMallett 
presents Wacaday. 

!» ;! ii |j I! *; I I; li }{ il ti (j ij-lj 

II II- I Up ''II 


s'! . J 94i (Mi}! 

\,->M ihm! 

■ 1 7 • ' tl •' • 

Dinner for three: Mavis’s 
info a disaster in 1 

out with Derek Wilton turns 
Street (TTV 730pm) 

Ruth Pitt 

7.00 Channel 4 News 

730 Comment With her views on a 
topical subject s Elizabeth 
Browning, Chairman of the 
Association tor All Speech 
impaired Children. Weather. 

8.00 Brookside. Doreen and Tracy 
arrive home from their holiday 
to find the house in such a 
mess that they think it has 
been burgled; and Simla 
decides to face the outside 
world but her nerve fails when 

^ she reaches the front door. 

830 Coming Next.* Alternative 
comedy sketch show ridiculing 
the stars of the Sixties, (r) 

930 St Elsewhere. Nurse 

Rosenthal informs her lover 
that she is pregnant; Dr 
Caldwell removes the 
bandages covering the face of 
the young woman disfigured by 
the Elephant Man's disease; 
and Dr Westphafl puts his 
house up for sate. 

935 4 Minutes: Dig That Tomboy, 
by Glen Clark. The camera 
incuriously watches members 
of a dub. 

1030 OIL This penultimate 
programme in the series 
investigating the impact of the 
oil industry on the modem 
world examines the North Sea 
oil Industry. 

11.00 FBm: Before Stonewall (1984) 
(colour and blade and white). A 
documentary tracing the 
history of the gay movement in 
the United States from the turn 
of the century to the 1989 riots 
at the Stonewall Inn m 
Greenwich Village. Ends at 

TVS ** London accept 1 JOpn News 
-— 2l .35-3.30 FHnr Very important Parson 
S.1S-&45 Sons and Oau^ntrs 6JX) Const 
to Coast &30-7.00 Parfoir Gama 10J0 Ques- 
tions 11.20 AIDS: Everyone’s Probtam 
122Q s m Company. Closedown. 

FHnr Flesh and Blood bm-TJIO News 
1 030 Along the Cotswoid Way 1 L00 FBm: The 
world is F A of Married Man ttaoem 

Clo jo down 


Forward 6JMpm-7aO Watas at Six 1030- 
11JQ WMeslUaana nurinaai. 

F8m: TO Sk Whh Low S.1S64S 
Emmet d ate Farm tOO-7 JO North Tontafit 
10J0 F8nt Kkne 12-30 News I2J5 Sorwy 

Madaan at 75 1240 Closedown. 

Tipers Pont Ciy M0 News 64*7.00 Cen- 
trai Post 10J8 Vamura IMIS Protectors 1135 
Contact IZOSam JOMnder 1 Closedown. 

■ce 3^fi Canada Reports 330-400 Sana ami 
Daughters SJXJGwadaRBCXjrtsSJO- 
TOOnymg Stars 86 lOLSODouCte Vision 11. IS 

S4C it-fesm FTaneatri « JO Hwm Ac 
sS£ Yma 1130 Interval 12.15pm Film: 
Those Marvelous 

Counwown 2S0 Lata Lata^how ids Matos It 

Y PMth 4^ Chwariar CaS&m Nl A Nlriv 530 
Cotoy Show BOO FaMy Secret Army BJO 
Mavis on 4 7 DO Nawvdcfion Saith 730 Arotwg 
BOO St Eteentm SJM Radwar Ar Bedwar 
830 Y 

^mto Um gcaoeoftheNewMtadc 
ANGLIA As London eKcactUMpm 

7 —' — News tacaJOfarrMy/my 
815-54B Em mar dale Farm 800 About An- 
gGa 830-74)0 Who's The Bon? 1830 Bade 
Chat 11i)5 Iha Sweanay l20Sam BOss in 

Concen 1235 Saying the Dragon. Closedown. 

■ 1-30-830 FBm; See How They Run 

5.15 Gus Honeybun 530-545 Crossroads 
Kao Today South West 830-74)0 Emmerdrie 
Fcm 1032 Calback on Women Priasts 
lOWTJHookan 135 Search tor Weatth 
l2JKtm Dudt Factory 1230 CbB Beck Be- 
ports. Closedown 


Yotasetf tap fitac Josephine and Men 
820 Home Cookery SJttNews 330-800 
Coumyftaaica 800 Calendar 830-7JW 

i^S?^SS5?lS5Ssr , >’ 

Jazz Lda fiL36am4jOO Muaic Box. 

ters 800 Lpotonound 830-730 TataSe tflgh 
Road 1030 AIDS 1130 Mlndar1330aai 

ne-Thnly 2JXMJW FOm: Man WWi 
BoByfs Race 815-845 BnmaidMa Farm 800 
Scotland Today 830-7JM) Benaon 1 1X30 
Olma Desk 1035 Fte Tarrer Among Us 
1225am Lata CM123S Closedown. 

ULSTER London axotoC ■L200m 

77~L»L4 LuncMna IJOBhrc The Umbo 
une 815 Canoon 33tM-00 Sons and 
Eteutotore 800-7 .00 Good Enriru Ulster 

1030 into Rsawavs - The Iron Hooby 
Horse 1100 The Sweeney 1U5 News, 


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On medium wavs. 

News on the hall-hour from 
830am urtfl 830pm than 1030 and 
1230 midnight. 

530am Adnan John 730 fifiks 
Smith’s Breakfast Show 130 
Simon Bates 1230pm 
Nawsbeat 12.45 Gary Davies 330 
Steve Wright 530 Newsbaat 
5j45 Bruno Brookes 730 Janice 
and John in Japan. 1030-1230 
Anty Kershaw VKF Stereos 
Ramos 182430am As Ratio 
! 2- 1030pm As Ratio 1. 1230- 
430am As Radio 2. 

Stereo on VHF. 

Maws on the hour. Headlines 
MOam, 830, 730, 830. Sports 


430am Colin Berry 530 Ray 
Moore 730 Derek Jameson 930 

Kan Bruce 1130 Jimmy Young 
1.05pm David Jacobs 2.00 Gloria 
Humiforri 330 David Hamaton 
SjK John Dunn 730 Alan DeB with 
Dance Band Days 830 Big 
Band Specie). BSC Brg Band. 930 
Hunvhrey Lyttelton wdh the 
Bea of Jazz 935 Sports Desk 
1038 Acker's Away. Acker B4k 
and his Paramount Jazz Band 
1030 Star Sound. Your 
soimdtrack requests 1138 Brian 
Matthew presents Roond 
Midmgm 130am Richard Clegg 
presents NgMritte 330430T 
Little Nighr Music. 


800 NawadMk 730 Nww 73# Twmntf 
tour Horn 730 The Batroded 80d Nam 
808 nilkctcri 8tS For Whom Tlw Bar 
Tote 830 Anytftteg Com 80S taws 809 
Rawew ol 8w Bnaaa Press 8.15 Oooo 
Books 930 Aareal taws 840 took 
Ahead 84$ Petotts' Cho^e IOlOO taws 
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1030 Awq Bactiox 1130 taw» life 
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Tommm 1200 Ratio Nawareol 12.15 
Quote. Unquote 1245 Sports Rountiv 
130 taws 139 Twon*-fer Hours 130 
Tte Sarny Operas 200 Outlook 245 
CMsatam 330 Ra»o Newsvel X15 B« 
Be? at am suck Exchange 345 Sounds 
at » Stoss 430 taws 43# Commen- 
vy 4.15 jam Btas 0m#r tomds 430 


855 Weather 730 News 
735 Morning Concert. 
Pachelbel, Canon and 


Oboe Concerto in E 
minor, Mozart, Symphony 


Encash Baroque Soloists. 
830 News 

835 Morning Concert (com). 
Chopin, Ballade No 1. in 
G minor. Op 23, with Andrei 
Gavrilov (piano); Saint- 
• Safins. Cello Concerto No 2, 
in D minor, with soloist 
Lynn Hamad; Respighi, Fasts 
romane (Philadelphia 
Orehestra/Riccardo MuttB. 
930 News 

94S This Week’s Composer 
Malcolm Arnold. Works . 
written up to 1 955. Beckus 
the Band ipratl 
(Bournemouth SO/the 
composer); Flute 
Concerto No 1 (sokust 

Richard Adney); 

Variations on a Lfluanian folk 
song, with Edna Ues 
(piano); Quintet for flute, 
wofin. viola, horn and 
bassoon (Nash Ensemble). 
10JK The Engfish Concert 
Handel. Concerto 
Grosso in E minor. Op 6 NO 
3; Vtvakfi. Violin 
Concerto in D. Op 8 No 1 1 
[RV 210). soloist Simon 
Standage; C P E Bach, 
Symphony in B flat (Wh 
1 82 No 2); Handel, Concerto 

Grosso in G, Op 5 No 1. 
1035 Bernard Roberts (piano} 
plays Beethoven. Rondo 
tnG,Op51 No 2: Brahms. 
Venatkxis and Fugue on 
a theme of HandeL Op 24. 

* • • 

w. V - 

m. " 


¥ ‘st: 
m ■ 


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Try Anglia. 

The bidding sod^y that cares about what you want. 

ut:*r> rvrrrrT hGutcN PARK NORTHAMPTON NN3 tNL. Ttl.:- (OfiW) 49S353 


: Tortey 800 taws 539 sock Cham 800 
News 531 Tmanov Hours 830 Sports 
! kasnmontiuxrtaws S3t Nsmotk UK 

> 815 E u rop ea n Ctoarat Songs 830 Alfa 
Baattex 1030 taws uunTba work) 

; Today IMS BoeA Choc* 18X Runes! 
taws 1040 Iteftinwnni 1045 Sports 

> RorfMto 1130 taws life Comma n i a t y 
n.15 Joan Burs Osier tstends 1138 
M timer 1 1230 taws 1205 taws 


The Savoy Operas zj» taws 131 
OuBOdk 13B S»n Stery 1A$ Join Bid's 
Otar teteids 200 taws 205 taw* of 
ta Bntto PteSS 2.15 Mmodi UK 230 
Spora H raaroa B Onte 330 taws 330 News 
ApoBt Bnsan 815 The work! Toon 330 
JtoB rise) 430 Nawsdssk *3 Eric 
Cota* 845 The WoridTortey. ABdnresin 

Malcolm Arnold: composer of 
the week (9.0&UB) 

1130 BBC Philharmonic 

Orchestra, under Bryden 
Thomson, with Raphael 
Walffisch, (ceBoL 
Mendelssohn, Overture; The 

Hebrides; SxMtakovtch. 

Cello Concerto No 1,kiE 
flab Dvorak, Symphony 
No 5, in F. 

1.00 News 

135 BBC lunchtime Concert 
five from St John’s Smith 
Square, with the Vermeer 
Quartet Beethoven, 

Quartet in F. Op 18 No 1; 
Hindemith, Quartet No 3 

205 Music Weekly, 

introduced by Michael 

250 New Records. Saint- 
Saens, Symphonic 
Poem: Le rouet d'Omphale. 
Op 31, PhOharmonia 
under Charles DutoftV. 
Chausson. Pofime. Op 
25 (Ntgei Kennedy, violin); 
Bertioz. Symphonie 
Dramatique; Romeo et 
Juliette, with Florence 
Quivar (mezzo-soprano), 
Alberto Cupido (tenor) 
and Tom Krause (bass). 

4JS5 News 

530 Mainly for Pleasure. A 
selection of music tor 
eariy evening, presented by 
Brian Kav. 

830 Starker Playing 

Dohnanyi. Sonata in B 
flat Op 8. Janos Starker 
(cello) and Alain Planes 

730 Music tor Organ, played 
by John Scott, live from 
Westminster Cathedral. 
Messiaen. L’Ascension; 
Duprfi, Te lucre mite 
termmunn Pfacare 
Christ® (Le tombeau du 
Titelouze); Choral and 
Fugue (S«N® regina); 
Toumemtre, van sc 
Duruflfi. Improvisation on 
i/ictimae paschali. 

830 Lleder Recital. EHy ! 

Ameling (soprano) and 
Rudolf Jansen (wano). Part 
one: works by Schubert 

845 A Waft ThroSjh Wales, 
final reading from the 
account by fte Rev Richard 

Snowdon and Siaiset 

935 Ueder Racttat part twa 
Works by Debussy. 

Poulenc, Rodrigo. Gustavino, 
Granados, Hans and 

1030 Jazz Today, presented 
by Charles Fox. 

Featuring Tc»t Sweet 
1130 A Summer's Tale. A 
symphonic poem by Suk 
played by the Czech PO 

mi iwiig whvd- w owtu un vrir- 

5 JSS Shipping 6.00 News Briefing; 
Weather 5.10 Fanning 
Week. An interview with a 
leader in the agricultural 
industry followed by a five- 
day weather forecast 
825 Prayer for the Day (s). 

830 Today. Ind 830,730, 

830 News Summaty 
845 Business News 855, 
735 Weather 730, 800 
Today’s News 735, 82S 
Sport 7-45 Thought for 
fire Day 

835 The Week on 4. 

Programme previews. 

843 Barry FantonTs Chinese 
Horoscopes. Year 9: The 
Dog, with comments from 

Janet Street-Porter. 857 
Weather; Travel 
930 News 

935 Start the Week with 
Richard Baker (s) 

9.55 The Royal British Legioa 
Esther R antz Bn talks 
about the work of this 
national organization and 
its need for Poppy Appeal 

1800 News; Money Box. 

Advice and tna latest 
update on financial matters, 
includes the 1986-7 Unit 
Trust Investor of tne Year. 

1030 Morning Story: The 

11.57 News 

H G Weils, read by Garard 

1845 Daily Service (s) 

1130 News: Travel; Down 
Your Way. Brian 
Johnston visits Hartlepool, 

11.46 Poetry Please! Listeners 

requests presented by 
P J kavanagh. 

1200 News; You and Yours. 
Consumer affairs 

12.27 Top of the Form. 

Nationwide general 
knowledge for schools. First 
round. North: Rjpon 
Grammar School v AUerton 
High School. Leeds. 

1255 Weather 

1.00 The Work) at One: News 

1.40 The Archers 135 


230 Woman s Hour, including 
Audrey Whiting's Gal 

330 The Afternoon Play: 
Between the Gates, by 
430 Kaleidoscope. Repeat of 
last Friday's edition. 

800 PM. News magazine. 

5l 50 Shipping 5.55 

6.00 The Six O’ClOck News; 
financial Report 

630 Radio Active (s) 

7.00 News 
735 The Archers 
730 On Your Farm 

*r • 

Esther Rantzen appeals for 

Poppy Day collectors (9-55am) 

745 Science Now. Peter 
Evans reviews 
developments from the 
world’s leatim laboratories. 

835 The Monday Play: The 
House. By Dawn Lowe- 
Watson. A snowstorm 
ma r o ons Laura in a compl ete 
stranger’s house in a 
remote part of East Anglia (s) 

930 John Morgan on the 
Family, In the second of 
an occasional series of talks, 
John Morgan reflects on 
why the larnfty remains such 
a popular and enduring 
wav of life. 

935 Kal ei d os cope, includes 
review of Tne Mission. 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: 
Hangover Square, by 
Patrick Hamilton 1829 

1030 The World Tonight. 

11.15 The Financial World 

1130 Today in Parflament 

11.45 Music at Night. Guitar 

music played by Roberto . 

1200 News: Weather 1233 

VHF avaifebleTn England and S 
Wales only as above 
except 8&5-800am Weather: 
Travel 1130-1200 For 
Schools: 1130 Music Makers 
1130 Let’s Movaf(s) 

11.40 The Music Box (a) 1130 
See For Yourself 135- 
200pm For Schools: 1-55 

Playtime (s) 220 Science 
Scope (s)24Q Pictures in 
Your Mind (Stories) 850-535 
PM (continued) 1230-1.10 
Schotis Night-time 
Broa^asting: French E: - 
Horizons de rrance. 

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England’s final 

ends in 


gallant failure 

By Sydney Frisian 



From a match 
that was close 
and exciting 
at the end, 
victorious over England at 
WiUesden yesterdayto win the 
World Cup for the first time in 
their colourful career. They 
were bronze medal winners at 
Bombay four years ago. 

The jubilant Australians, 
would probably want to forget 
those last seven minutes of the 
match when England, with the 
crowd spurring them on. kept 
pushing up as much as they 
could and throwing every- 
thing in attack. The 2-0 lead 
which Australia had estab- 
lished had suddenly been re- 
duced and they were 
struggling to hold their 

How relieved the Austra- 
lians were was reflected in the 
words of their coach, Richard 
Aggiss, who said: “With seven 
minutes to go, we were trying 
to' close up the game. But it 
didn't work, and in the end 
England were running all over 


England were disappinted at 
not having achieved the ul- 
timate, which was to win the 
World Cup, but there was no 
denying the Australians their 
triumph. They were the most 
exciting side, the enterprising, 
and the most entertaining. 
They had the energy and drive 
to brush most of their oppo- 
nents aside. 

By half time when Australia 
were leading 2-0 they probably 
thought as many others did 
that the game was over, not 
bar gaining for a stirring chal- 
lenge by England who came to 
vibrant life, albeit a little too 
late. Richard Dodds, the cap- 
lain, said: "Australia had won 
most of their earlier games by 

half-time, and when they went 
two ahead against us we knew 
it would be most difficult to 
recover.’ 4 

And so it was after Australia 
had done more of the attack- 
ing in the first period. Within 
five minutes, Taylor in goal 
had saved from Milton, and 
from BestaU at a short corner, 
the scramble that followed 
ending with an unavailing 
appeal by Cbariesworth for 
another short corner. 

England did not have a 
player of the quality of 
Chariesworth who not only 
did his share of the attacking, 
but also kept popping up at the 
most unexpected places to pull 
his colleagues out of trouble. 
He was awarded the prize for 
the player of the tournament, 
and Taylor for the best 


Except for Sherwani on the 
left flank, none of the England 
forwards many any inroads 
into Australian territory be- 
fore the interval, the intiative 
remaining with Australia who 
went ahead in the fifth minute 
when Walsh scored from a 
pass by Hawgood- The lead 
was increased in the 24th 
minute when Bestail con- 
vened a short comer. But for 
the timely interception by 
Barber, Hawgood. might have 
put Australia three up at the 
interval an advantage which 
they were desparately seeking. 

Beginning the second half 
with a substitution. Shaw, 
coming in for Leman, England 
made their first spirited sally 
with Kerly going through the 
middle but putting his final 
pass beyond Sherwani’ s reach. 
Australia were then awarded a 
short comer, but the umpire 
cancelled it out for time- 

A great roar rent the air as 
England were awarded their 
first short comer, particularly 
as Barber began to position 
himself for the shot in the 
ninth minute of this period. - 
He despatched it cleanly to- 

smjUND; I Tntoc O Fauftnar. P Barter. 
J Potter. R Dodds (opt). M Gntnley, S 

Batcftekjrtsub: K Bftaura). R Usman isub: 
, S Karty, N Hughes, I Stienmni. 


AUSTRALIA: N Snowden: J BestaB. C 

Davies. D Befl fcapQ, W Bir m ingh am . T 
King. G Mtnon (sub: D Evans). G Batch, T 
Wafeh, R Chariesworth. N Hawgood (six 

R Cfrarteswortft. N Hawgood (sub: 

Umpires: SDeo (Spain) and A Ranaud 


Ballesteros and Langer are 
stranded as night draws in 

From Mitchell Platts, Versailles 

Severiano Ballesteros and 
Bernhard Langer shared the 
Lancome Trophy when bad 
light forced their sudden death 
play-off on the St-Nom-la- 
Breteche course to be curtailed 
after four extra holes. 
Ballesteros and Langer have 
waged many battles during 
their careers but none more 
dramatic than this one. 

The conclusion came when 
both players approached the 
Tournament Director, Tony 
Gray, after putting-out on the 
fourth extra green. 

For Ballesteros it was the 
end of a quite astonishing year 

in Europe. It gave him a sixth 
victory, even if this one was 
shared, and it took his 
winnings for the season to 
more than £240.000. For 
Langer it was a satisfactory 
end to his brief European 
campaign in which his only 
previous win this year was the 
German Open. 

Even so, it was not a 
satisfactory end for the 
championship itself. As the 
skies darkened it became clear 
that the two players would be 
forced to end their conflict, 
which was a pity for the huge 
crowd which had gathered on 



Broome Park Canterbury 

Broome Park was once the home of Lord Kitchner. and was built 
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Gulf Leisure* IruernaLcnr.l Properties FLC 
Tiit- Brocvne Park Estate. Canterbury Kent 


the outskirts of Paris to watch 
this absorbing contest unfold. 
The Ballesteros-Langer match 
had finished more than two 
holes behind the one in front 
of them, but with spectators 
swarming along the fairways, 
it was inevitable that there 
would be serious delays. The 
question which had to be 
asked was whether or not play 
had been started early enough 
in the knowledge that dark- 
ness could affect a sudden- 
death finish. 

Langer compiled a 69, com- 
pared to Ballesteros’ 70. to 
elbow his way into a play-off 
Both players finished with 
scores of 274 which is 14 
under par. Yet, after six holes, 
Langer appeared to be trading 
in the Spaniard's slipstream 
with little chance of levelling 
with him. let alone moving 
past. Ballesteros had begun 
the final round with a lead of 
one shot and he increased that 
to four. But the next three 
holes put a different complex- 
ion on matters. A three iron to 
25 feel, from where be holed, 
gave Langer an eagle three at 
the seventh compared to 
Ballesteros's four. Then 
Ballesteros took three putts on 
the next green. Langer, seizing 

his chance, carefully studied a 
of 16 feet on the 

curling putt 
ninth green and to his joy, the 
ball disappeared fora two. 

Ballesteros, now with a 
fragile, one-shot, lead, gave 
himself a cushion again when 
be reached the long 12th with 
two woods for a birdie. 
Langer, however, once again 
reduced his deficit to one with 
a birdie at the 14th. He had a 
dear chance to level at the 
17th but missed from seven 
feet for a birdie. Even so. he 
confidently holed from a simi- 
lar length on the last green to 
ensure a play-off 

Des Smyth, of Ireland, 
stormed out of the pack to 
take third place with a score of 
66 for a total of 275. He 
seemed to have little chance of 
doing so until he chipped in 
from 25 yards for an unlikely 
eagle two at the 14th. He 
salvaged a par from out of a 
bunker at the 15th, then single 
putted each of the last three 
greens to finish with three 

RNAL SCORES USB and Intend unless 
statK0:274:S Bafasiaros (Sp). 67, 63. 68. 
70; B Uwer (WG). 73. 66. 66. 69. 283: G 
Brand Jr 72, 70. 64. 77.27S:DSmytti.72. 
69. 68, 66:27S:SToiranea,7l.64.74. 67: 
S Lyte. 70. 

JR 68,66; GJ Brand. 09. 69. 68. . 

M Otezabal (Spj. 71. 89. 66. 71. 278: C 
Slnmge (US). §9. 67. 70, 72. 279: H 
BaoccM (SA). 68. 70. 73. 67. 280: A 
FOrstxand (Swb). 72. 67. 68. 73. 282: M 
James. 70. 67. «. 73; R Rafferty, 73. 69. 
71 . 89. 2B4e O SeBberg (Swej. 72. 71. 68. 
71 M McNautty (Zim). 70. 72. 70. 72; I 
Woosnam. 70. 68. 76. 70, 287: A GarrtdO 
(Sp). 71, 74. 67. 75; J-M Carwares {Sp), 
73. 70. 73. 71 . 288: W Humphreys, 73. 71. 
71. 73. 291: H Clark. 72. 74, TO, 7S: N 
Price. 75. 69. 75. 72; R LOT, 78.72,71.70. 

308: J NIcMaue Jr (US). T4. 77. 79. 7& 
Ratteed: O Feharly. J Thorpe (USL 


wards goal only to see Davies 
clear from the line. The 
Australians tended to panic, 
and their captain. Bell was 
given the yellow temporary 
suspension car d for a rough 
charge on Grirnley. While be 
was off he saw his centre- 
forward Walsh seize a chance 
and put a shot over the top. 
Within a minute Sherwani 
returned the compliment 

Then the flames of interest 
were kindled anew as Barber's 
free hit through the middle of 
the field went straight to the 
Australian goalkeeper who 
lost sight of the ball and Potter 
nipped in to score amid a 
deafening roar. The Austra- 
lian defence faltered as En- 
gland kept pressing forward. 

With three minutes to go, 
there was a short corner for 
England, and again Barber 
was sharpening his sword, but 
the Australian centre-half Bir- 
mingham, who had a splendid 
game, was on him in a flash 
and managed to deflect the 
shot. The ensuing scramble 
led to another short comer 
and with the crowd still 
cheering. Baiter raised his 
stick as the hit from the line 
was perfectly stopped. Alas, 
the bail was cast adrift. 

Final tension: England forward Hngfecs is challenged by Australia’s Batch yesterday (Photograph: Tommy Bindley) 

Bridesmaids wonder what next 

By David MIHer 

For the second lime in 24 hours, 
England staged a rousing late recovery, 
but in vain. Australia, who have been 
scoring almost as freely as Steve Davis 
all fortnight, were emphatically the 
better team in yesterday's final of the 
sixth World Dip, the first to be played 
in Europe in 13 years. 

England might complain about some 

grains in inner-city areas such as 
WiUesden: the doubling of the Sports 
Council's grant from the Government 
The Sports Council contributed a mere 

£40,000 to the Cup budget of three 
When I : 

of the opposition's tough tactics— their 
captain. Bell, was briefly 

In a couple of minutes it 
was all over and the Austra- 
lians hugged one another in 
celebration. Aggiss joyfully 
said: “We thought we bad a 
good team in Los Angeles, but 
this is a better balanced one 
with a couple of younger 
players in it. Unfortunately for 
everyone, we hope to be even 
better in a couple of years' 
time." He was referring, of 
course, to the 1983 Olympic 

[y sent off in the 
second half — but there was no 
complaining about their level of sk3L 
They had scored well over four goals a 
game, so England may consider that 
theirs was an achievement in being 
runners-up by only a single goaL 

Though they will be disappointed, 
following the success of their rousing 
semi-final recovery from 2-1 down on 
Saturday against West Germany, the 
Olympic silver medal winners, England 
have marvellously contributed to what, 
in its way, Iras been a minor British 
sporting triumph at WiUesden. 

Some 14 hours of exposure by BBC 
television, highlighted by Sportsnight 
and shown live by Grandstand, has 
raised public consciousness. The event 
should persuade Mr Richard Tracey, 
the Minister for Sport, who was present 
yesterday, together with the Sports 
Council and local authorities, that 
hockey is exciting, disciplined and 
skilful and is worth the investment of a 
hundred artificial pitches. 

Tracey had a message of goodwill in 
the tournement programme. What 
hockey needs is the goodwill of financial 

quarters of a million. When I asked 
David Whittaker after the semi-final 
how, in an amateur sport, England 
could develop any further beyond their 
present limited level of umning and 
coaching, the answer was simple: what 

director at WiUesden. and. the tem- 
porary limited company organising the 
cup. have put on a memorable tour- 
nament with the help of 250 volunteers, 
in addition to the sponsorship of NEC 
Business Systems and Seiko. 

has happened the past fortnight will 
tion of y< 

The spirit of Dad's Army is both the 
soul and the shortcoming of so much ot 
British sport. Almost every fecility at 
WiUesden. other than the pitch and 
small main stand, has been temporarily 

— i hm,i ^itawnMr 

inspire a new generation ot young 
players, and that will raise standards. 

Two days after the derisory rejection 
by the International Olympic Commit- 
tee of Birmingham’s Olympic bid, Juan 
Antonio Samaranch, the president, 
came to suburban north-west London to 
present yesterday's trophy, and saw for 
himself the kind of situation which for 
so long has epitomized British spore 
enormous voluntary effort doing its 
utmost to compensate for basic lack of 

Britain contributed to the world 
much of all that is best in amateur sport, 
yet, last Friday, Birmingham paid the 
price of a century of amateurish 
administration in too many sports. It is 
somehow characteristic that Bir- 
mingham, creating admirable new facil- 
ities, was unfancied by the IOC. yet 40 
years ago it was impecunious Britain, 
masters of improvizauon, which volun- 
teered to stage the Olympics when no 
one else had the money or energy after 
the war. 

John WiUmott. the honorary stadium 

aiimtl UIUMI f «■ 

erected and will now disappear. 
England’s hockey quality will live on. 

Mrs Thatcher offered a welcome to 
the world in Birmingham's video film 
presented to the IOC in Lausanne, but 
the sporting facilities of Britain in the 
main fell wretchedly short of the 
competence of our competitors., as 
Dodds, Kerly and the rest have just 
demonstrated. It is symptomatic that 
Southgate, one of our best hockey clubs, 
has no artificial surface on whkh the 
best hockey is now played. 

There is so much about hockey, as 
television has revested to a huge new 
public, to be recommended. Illegal 
physical intimidation is punished, the 
regulations arc properly upheld, the 

pitch is a lesson to soccer. The two- 
umpire system, for so long stubbornly 
refused os a consideration by soccer, 
works admirably and permitaplayers to 
getaway with little. 

Cudmore working 

^ “We finished 
op in the frame 
W -■% i and I am not 
w A displeased with 
^ A our perform- 

on improvements 

.*■ &JKR ance. Having 

now raced against our 12 
opponents, we know our 
weaknesses and how to im- 
prove them,” 

That was how Harold 
Cudmore, skipper of Britain's 
America's Cup challenger. 
White Crusader, summed up 
his crew’s performance in lire 
first round-robin trials that 
ended in Fremantle yesterday. 

With three boats tying for 
first place on points, the Royal 
Thames challenger was forced 
to share fourth place with the 
radical, twiu-niddered, Gary 
Mufl-designed, USA II skip- 
pered by San Franciscan Tom 
Blackaller, after losing 
Sunday's win against I talia in 
the protest room. 

With fractions dividing die 
first five boats, each syndicate 
is now pouring over the Delta 
times of their rivals during 
each race is as attempt to 
pinpoint their weaknesses and 
work out ways to match their 
strengths, making the nec- 

essary adjustments to their 
own boats * 

before the start of 
the second round-robin series 
for these challengers starting 
on November 2 when the 
winners of each race will be 
awarded five points. 

An analysis of the eight days 
during the past series, when 

each of the top five boats were 
racing, shows the full extent of 
the speed difference between 
Britain's challenger and the 
Chris Dickson-skippered, 
New Zealand IV, which 
proved to be the fastest boat 
on the water. 

Upwind, White Crusader 
was fourth fastest, setting an 
average speed during these 
eight races of 7.84 knots 
against 7.99 knots of the New 
■Zealand boat Downwind, 
where Crusader lost most 
ground to her rivals, particu- 
larly in the early stages of the 
competition, she was slowest 
among the top five with an 
aggregate speed of 7.9 knots 
against the 83 knots achieved 
by Dennis Conner’s Stars and 
Stripes '87. However, new 
spinnakers taken on board 
halfway through the series 
brought the Howlett design up 
to speed with the best by the 
time the series ended. 

The British still have their 
work cut out improving their 
reaching performance, for 
they were again slowest 
among the top five with a 
mean speed of 9.16 knots 
against the 9.3 knots achieved 
by the New York Yacht Club 
challenger America IL 

Crusader’s average speed 
around the course during 
these eight comparable races 
i was 8.18 knots which, when 
set against the 836 knots 
achieved by New Zealand’s 
“plastic-fantastic”, leaves her 

at more than a 3% minute 
disadvantage over a full cup 

Lack of stability was one of 
the problems feeing the Brit- 
ish crew, but a new keel to be 
fitted to the boat before the 
next series should solve this 
problem. Her sail wardrobe 
also showed some deficien- 
cies, but the £1.1 million 
sponsorship from White 
Horse is already producing 
benefits in this area. 

The number of breakages 
sustained during these early 
races to sails, mast, winches, 
sheets and instruments has 
also been cause for concern. 

Widnes blow 

Other syndicates, however, 
have shown themselves to be 
in a far worse state. The 
Courageous crew, who have 
almost needed a calendar to 
count them round the course, 
cancelled a press conference 
called last night to announce 
the purchase of a replacement 
12 metre — probably America 
irs trial horse US44 — while 
negotiations continue. 

The two Italian syndicates 
are expected to change their 
boats for unproven radical 
designs which are both under- 
going major structural sur- 
gery. and Heart of America, 
which underwent changes as 
soon as she arrived in Fre- 
mantle last month, is also 
expected to go back into the 
builder’s shed for further 

Widnes Rugby League Club 
have been shaken by the news 
that their Australian scrum 
half, Craig Coleman, must 
return to South Sydney by 
March 1. Widnes arc appeal- 
ing for a month's extension 
because they feel March is the 
most important time for cup 


Myler stays 

Tony Myler. the Great Brit- 
ain stand-off, has withdrawn 
his transfer request and 
pledged his future to Widnes 
rugby league club. 

Doncaster duo 

Doncaster rugby league dub 

have signed Tony Kemp, a 
under-21 international centre 
and Telmadge Sharrock. a 
second row forward from 
Waiters, a top New Zealand 

LeMond faith 

Grejg LeMond, the first 
American winner of the Tour 
de France in July, has renewed 
his contract in Paris with his 

La Vie Claire cycling team, 
1988. U 

until the end of 1988. LeMond 
said he would only consider 
changing teams if an Ameri- 
can corporation offered to 
sponsor a top-ranking Ameri- 
can squad. 

Trust post 

Richard Faulkner, the sec- 
retary, has been appointed 
chairman of the Football 
Trust to succeed Sir Norman 
Chester who died last month. 



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Daytime Telephone: 






KngUftd w«* tampm LTHfr 
sbo ts rained AotfnK 

lian go*l: wrer foe ** by « 
inch: Into fo» n—Bfr rimed 
off the line mm mi rim 
again: misting the post by s 
emt of intet. At for afore cad, 
crouched Ilk* * parody of a . 
wkketkreper behind bte ms- 
MrwK p*d4, Ian Taylor, the 

as bad tart fl*ed--„._ 

inexorable pnm-lb bod 
given his tec, and n nut have 
known then k »a* no* •nMfb: 
ml quite. 

He had already conceded 
mo goals, and that was too 
many. The first had cam* from 
a wi&tiinc • 9*» f toy mm, 
tb* second from a abort rarntr 
he had conceded Mametf. II* 
has saved hundreds of abort 
comm in the past few dip. 
performing mbnefa* of corn* 
age and uuricfontioftMhte that 
the shot deflected tewn*ardl 
off his body into the go*L The 
miracle man of popnfer 
hnagioatioB bad aof per- 
formed to etptfctttfcm. Ter 
once he had oat dm a the 

Taylor b the lint English 
hockey player to become a 
media folk hero. He plays hi 
a hat must be The most horrible 
petition iff iffy sport and fo 
best in the world al doing it 
lib lunatic courage, and foe 
startlingly effective treat that 
courage, have raptured 
everybody's hmstpoat^m Ja 
Los A agrees, for Gt Britain tar 
the Olympic Cames. and again 
over the past fortnight for 
England at Wfllestkn. 

Watching the final 
prize slip away 

One felt for ,11 the Koglhk 
team, cl foe end: they bare 
given us all so ranch raid such 

sarprisiM pleasure: they have 
introduced ns aH •» a ue« 

new and 

stunting game: they have gut 
the cbms of tire nation behind 
thenc uni they tat. But one 
feds especially for Tayfor: 
performing his ntirncta as a 
Mutter of daily routine 
throngbonr the last eauple of 
weeks* and finally, bopekssli, 
watching foe tta*. price snp 

The n«e of photic turf Ins 
revolutionised the role of tint 
hockey goal 

keeper: be must convert him- 
self Into n flying hortamtaT 
barrier and allow the bull to 
strike him again and again, 
with sickening force. Taylor 
bought his protective gear hi 
Los Angeles when he was 
there for tire Olympics: he 
knows it is still inadequate. It 
is mostly the stuff that kt 
hockey goalies use; the) only 
play bead on, while Taylor is 
likely to stop shots with any. 
given part of his anatomy. The 
bits at the sides aid back are 
horribly vulnerable. Yet for 
flying barrier does not tea lot 
of flinching 

Strikes like bolt 
of lightning 

He wears a chest protector 
that the Metropolitan Potter 
use as riot gear. He was given 
a plastic race guard that was 
guaranteed to stand up to foe 
rigors of his position: he tried 
out at home and if shattered 
the first time a half hit it A 
hockey tail cosies at you I Ike a 
holt of lightning. The skitt 
needed to stop it is as Immense 
as the courage. 

“I hate it more than any? 
thing when people say after a 
shot has deflected ofTjou. the 
goalie was so lucky . Taylor 
said. “Somrejfoes I’m Mucky' 
dozens of tiara hi a imtrf» M . I* 
the semi-final on Saturday he 
couldn't have been luckier; he 
made six stunning stops In, 
9 nite literally, mo mfrwrtw 
play. He came from hn goal to 
perform a flying scissor kick to 

dear. He mas ever y where- 1 

of the final yestn* 

by the end f 

tej’i there vr a» no more feck 

But Taylor bad ten* more 
than anyone eke to bring 
about this new wareof (merest 
in the gran* of hockey. In Ite 
Angcta and in WUtaden, his 
MM*4top stream of abides 
has given Great Britain and 
England the edge.- and kept s 
legion of new converts to foe 
game on the edge of their 
seats. Who was that masked 
man? That wa» Esgjtlah 
hockey’s low superstar. t 

The tat 35 niimtes of the 
World Cup were *R Eugtad: 
Taylor, for once, ookreived. It 
wall out of M» reach by that 
time. One sensed hfo hm 
desire to tin something: hi me 
last second he raford from hfe 
goal to take a 10 yard -Wt. 
himself. Nothing came id k 
English hockey’s first star* foe 
man who has performed a 
fowsand atiraedra fo g te*- 

Bnradc short -when feS ert- 
nfoht ended oa foe s ppnA 
Plastic of W iBesten. ., V* . 








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