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No 62,597 


\ * / 



Trade figures 
hit by High 
Street boom 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

Bniain's consumer boom is 
leading to an alarming in* 
crease in imports, according to 
figures issued yesterday. 

Trade with other countries 
was in deficit by £887 million 
last month and the City 
expects the figures to become 
substantially worse in the 
coming months. 

At the heart of the problem 
are the high sweet spending 
spree and the pound's weak- 
ness. In tbe latest three 
months, the volume of im- 
ports rose by 9 per cent, while 
consumer spending in the 
third quarter was 5.2 per cent 
up in real terms on a year ago, 
according to separate official 
figures released yesterday. 

Britain is on course for the 
strongest growth in consumer 
spending since 1978. fuelled 
by large real wage rises. 

The trade figures, which 
were much worse than an- 
alysis expected, hit the pound 
and sent interest rates in the 
money markets higher again. 

“We are still looking for 12 
per cent base rales." said one 
money market trader. 

The fas: base rate increase, 
from 10 to 11 per cent 
reluctantly conceded by the 
Chancellor, has produced 
mortgage rate rises of 1.2S to 
1.5 points this week. Any 


The Old 

His Booker Prize 
win establishes 
Kingsley Amis as 
the funniest comic 
novelist since the 
war. Tomorrow 
The Times 
publishes an 
exclusive extract 
from The Old Devils , 
the book that has 
brought recognition 
long overdue 

• The Times Portfolio 
Gold daily competition 
prize of £4,000 was 
shared yesterday by 
three readers: Mrs Y. 
Brown of Hitchin, Herts; 
Mrs H. Parsons of 
Chelmsford, Essex; and 
Mr M. Bland of 
Clifton, Bristol. Details, 
page 3. 

• Portfolio list, page 
27; how to play, 
information service, 20. 


All systems go 

Last Saturday's dress re- 
hearsal on the new screen- 
quoted price system for the 
Oty's Big Bang was a success, 
the Slock Exchange insisted, 
despite complaints from mar- 
ket-makers of serious 
shortcomings Page -1 

Useful music 

The Really Useful Group 
which has commercial rights 
to Andrew' LLoyd Webbers 
musicals increased pretax 
profits from £2.6 million to 
£4.3 million for the year to 
June 30 Page 21 


Football hopes 

The manager of Real Madrid 
would like to sec English 
football clubs re-admined to 
the European competi- 
tion 38 

Hume News 2-6 

Ovetsas 7*ti 
Vppb 19.25 
Am 13 

marriage- 19 
Baoks 12 
Business 21-27 
Corn IS 

((DMnonk I42B 
Diary 16 

Features 14-16 

Law Report 


Sale Room 
SOW 33-3638 
TWatrtvrtf 12 

TV £ RmHa 37 
Weather 20 

further base rate rise would go 
directly on to mortgage rates. 

The pound fell by 0.75 cents 
to SI. 4235 and the sterling 
index from 67.6 to 67.5, 
despite some support from the 
Bank of England. 

Share prices fell: the FT 30- 
share index dropped 12.5 
points lo 1,249.9. 

A big turnaround was- ex- 
pected after the record August 

2000 the balance 



☆ Aft’#** 

deficits of £1.49 billion on 
trade and £886 million on 
current account Mr Nigel 
Lawson, the Chancellor, had 
described the August figures 
as "freak". 

Last month's figures, with 
trade in deficit by £877 mil- 
lion and a current account 
deficit of £277 million, were 
belter, but not good enough 
for the City. Some analysts 
had expected the current ac- 
count to move into surplus. 

“These figures were very 
disappointing," said Mr Chris 
Johns, econom ist at Phillips & 
Drew, the stockbroker. “There 

is no light at the end of the 
tunnel; the trade figures are 
going to get worse as we go 
into I9S7. The consumer 
boom going on out there is 
sucking in imports." 

“The import side is truly 
awful" said Mr Gavyn Da- 
vies, economist at Goldman 
Sachs. He added that last 
month's trade figures appear 
to be in line with the under- 
lying trend, which is for an 
annual current account deficit 
of £3 billion or more. 

The deficit on current ac- 
count for the first nine months 
of the year was £209 million, 
compared with the Treasury's 
Budget-time forecast of a £3.5 
billion surplus for tbe whole 
year. Trade in goods was in 
deficit by £6 billion. 

Unless there is an improve- 
ment before the end of the 
year, the balance of payments 
will record an annual deficit 
for the first time since 1979, 
with worse expected next year. 

Department of Trade and 
Industry officials pointed to 
the strength of exports last 
month. At £6.08 billion, they 
were 1 1 percent upon August 
Bui a large part of this increase 
was due to higher exports of 
oil up £89 million, and the 
erratic items of "trade, in this 
case aircraft and diamonds, up 
£230 million. 

Export volumes in the latest 
three months were up by 2J 
per cent to record levels. But 
this appears to be an insipid 
response to the pound's fen 
against the European cur- 
rencies over the past year. 

in water 
rates is 

By Robin Oakley 
Political Editor 

Water rates are likely to rise 
by 5-6 per cent next year 
because the Government is 
forcing water authorities to 
-accelerate repayment- of their 

But the 12 million custom- 
ers of the Thames Water 
Authority, the largest in 
Britain, could face a 10 per 
cent rise, when Thames only 
wants an increase of 3 percent 
to match inflation. 

Already being forced to 
repay its debts raster than it 
wishes, Thames is this year 
paying back £82 million of its 
borrowings. ButMr Nicholas 
Ridley, the Environment Sec- 
retary. has asked the authority 
next year to repay £1 14 mil- 
lion of its outstanding loans. 

The other water authorities 
have been given similar tar- 
gets. Between them they are 
being forced to borrow £l 10 
million less in 1987 than in 

Mr Roy Watts, the chair- 
man of the Thames Water 
Authority, said: "It seems as if 
we shall once again, be asked 
to substantially increase our 
repayment of long term debt 
in the coming yearAt this fate 
we shall be entirely debt free 
within force years, which 
amounts to a very poor deal 
for today's customer." 

What worries Tory MPs is 
that 1987 could be an election 
year. With the Tory shires 
already due to be hit by Mr 
Ridley's proposed distribu- 
tion of the rate support grant 
they do not welcome tbe idea 
of higher water rates. Of the 
150 constituencies in the 
Thames Water Authority's 
area, around 130 

Tory libel 
is denied 

By Nicholas Wood 
Political Reporter 

The libel action brought by 
two Conservative MPs against 
the BBC over the Panorama 
programme “Maggie’s Mili- 
tant Tendency” exploded in 
the Commons yesterday with 
a Labour MP claiming that 
Central Office had pressurized 
potential witnesses in foe case. 

Mr Dale Campbell-Savours, 
MP for Workington, said he 
had a letter written by some- 
one in foe Young Conser- 
vatives to Mr John Gummer, 
then chairman of the Tory 
party on November 24. 1984 
saying that Mr David Mitch- 
ell. head of the party's legal 
office, had been in contact 
with members of a Toiy 
delegation to Berlin -a trip 
featured in the programme. 

He claimed that the letter 
disclosed that Mr Mitchell 
had told one member of the 
delegation that his account of 
events was "incorrect’’ and 
should be altered to corrobo- 
rate those of others who. he 
had arranged, were to give 
their “adjusted versions" in 

His allegations were angrily 
denied by Mr Norman Tebbit, 
the Conservative Party chair- 
man. who told MPs: “1 should 
say that the allegations which^ 
the honourable gentleman has 
made, not to the police but 
under the cloak of privilege, 
will be answered immediately 
by me outside without foe 
benefit of the cover of 

Outside the chamber he 
said: “I deny absolutely hav- 
ing in any way interfered with 
witnesses. To the best of my 
belief there is no truth whatso- 
ever in the allegations that any 
member of my staff has ever 
done so. 

"I am aware that one poten- 
tial witness sought advice 
from Central Office and was 
told that no guidance could be 
given. Indeed, I have seen a 
copy ofthe letter to ihat effect. 

“During the libel case, on 
mv instructions, subpoenas to 
my staff were answered fully 
awl with due despatch." 

US calls tit-for-tat 
expulsions trace 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

The United States yesterday 
called a truce in foe month- 
long round of tit-for-tat expul- 
sions between the superpow- 
ers by making dear that it 
would not respond to foe lat- 
est expulsion of five American 

“We hope this set of issues 
can now be put behind us," a 
State Department statement 

It said foe US would review 
all aspects of the bilateral 
diplomatic relationship "to 
ensure that the prindple of 
reciprocity governs all facets 
of that relationship". 

But it firmly expressed foe 
desire “to get on with resolu- 
tion of foe larger issues affect- 
ing US-Soviet relations and 
build on the progress made in 
the discussions at Reykjavik” 

In response to Moscow's 
wiihdrawl of 260 soviet 
maids, mechanics, drivers, 
kitchen helpers and clerks 
from foe US Embassy in Mos- 
cow and the consulate in Len- 
ingrad, the Slate Department 
said "equal and reciprocal 

restrictions will apply to foe 
activities ofthe Soviet Embas- 
sy and consulate-general in 
San Francisco”. 

Mr Charles Redman, a State 
Department spokesman, said 
foe Russians employ only 10 
Americans, mainly as trans- 
lators. He welcomed 
Moscow’s acknowledgement 
"foal foe principles of equality 
and reciprocity should serve 
as the basis for foe diplomatic 
missions of the two coun- 

US officials acknowledged 
foal American diplomats in 
the Soviet Union are going to 
suffer some privations. 

Mr Redman said the US 
considered the latest Soviet 
expulsions to be a “wholly 
unwarranted response" to foe 
US expulsion of 55 Soviet 

Reagan Administration of- 
ficials believe the expulsion of 
tire Soviet diplomats, who 
must leave by November I, 
has decapitated foe Kremlin's 
intelligence network in tbe 
United States. 

Wartime spirit at 
American embassy 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 
American diplomats on buses faded to arrive at the 

hardship posting in the Soviet 
Union found their personal 
and professional lives thrown 
into chaos yesterday as the 
Kremlin escalated the tit-for- 
tat dispute and barred over 
250 Soviet support staff from 
reporting for work. 

This action and the gloomy 
picture of the post-Reykjavik 
atmosphere painted by Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov during his 
Wednesday night broadcast to 
the nation have shattered any 
optimism that a new arms 
control agreement might soon 
be constructed on the ruins of 
the Iceland summit. 

The first sign of how hard 
the new sanctions were going 
to hit came as- scores of 
children were left stranded as 

diplomatic compound to take 
them to the Anglo-American 
School situated in a suburb of 

Amor® those who foiled lo 
turn up for work were maids, 
translators, drivers, cooks, 
wasbers-up, cleaners and 
labourers. AD have been 
banned indefinitely from 
working for the Americans in 
retaliation for the expulsion 
orders issued to 55 Soviet 
diplomats in foe US on 

In foe restaurant inside the 
heavily-guarded US Embassy 
compound, foe kitchens were 
closed and the day's speciality 
of quail bad been replaced by 

Continued on page 20. col 6 

Fonner emperor Jean-Bedel Bokassa ofthe Central African 
Republic was arrested returning from exile yesterday. 

for Bokasa 

Bangui (Reuter) — Former 
emperor Jean-Bedel Bokassa 
was arrested when he returned 
unexpectedly from exile yes- 
terday and foe Government 
issued a public reminder that 
he was sentenced to death i? 
his absence. 

A statement released by the 
office of President Andre 
Kolingba of foe Central Af- 
•rican. Republic (CAR) con- 
firmed that Mr Bokassa was 
arrested' at Bangui airport on 
his return from France. 

“Jean-Bedel Bokassa has 
been arrested by members of 
tbe CAR’s presidential sec- 
urity and committed to jail” 
tbe statement said. 

Hinting that he could be 
executed, the statement said 
Bokassa would be held “with a 
view to the application of foe 
procedure envisaged by the 

The statement listed tbe 
crimes for which Bokassa, 
ed 65, was sentenced to 
death. These included 
assassinations, complicity in 
assassinations, concealing 
corpses, arbitrary arrests, wfi- 
ful attacks on children result- 
ing in their death and 
embezzling state funds and 

The former French army 
captain, who was overthrown 
in a 1979 coup after allega- 
tions of human rights viola- 
tions, was arrested by security 
forces as be arrived from 

PARIS: Mr Bokassa lived 
in a chalet on the outskirts of 
Paris and his movements were 
controlled by police. (Susan 
MacDonald writes). 

He constantly complained 
that the French authorities 
had taken his documents and 
foal he was so poor that he 
could hoi feed his family. 

die of Aids 

The Newcastle General In- 
firmary confirmed yesterday 
that two women have died of 
Aids this month. Both are 
understood to be hetero- 
sexuals, one a married woman 
aged 21, with a child. 

The hospital refused to 
confirm that foe other woman 
was married to a haemophil- 
iac and bad contracted foe 
disease through him. 

Dr Charles Farthing, an 
Aids registrar at St Stephen's 
Hospital Fulham, said yes- 
terday that thousands of wo- 
men were carrying the Aids 
virus and that hundreds of 
these would develop the full 
disease by 1991. 

He said it was not foe least 
bit reassuring that only a few 
women had so for contracted 
foe disease in this country. 

“In New York one women 
to every two men have con- 
tracted the disease. In Africa 
there are equal numbers of 
men and women with foe 
disease. We know foal 50,000 
people are infected with foe 
virus in this country. 

Dr Farthing said that 
women must now be given the 
same message that was be- 
latedly being given to high- 
risk groups. 

More than 90 percent of foe 
women who have so for 
developed the disease have 
died, compared to about 50 
per cent of foe men. Fourteen 
of foe 15 women in Britain 
who have developed Aids 
have died. 

The Northern Regional 
Health Authority medical offi- 
cer. Dr Liam Donaldson, yes- 
terday criticized the publicity 
about the deaths of the 
women, saying that by-passing 
foe medical code of conduct 
on confidentiality could cause 
untold distress 

NUT threatens strike 
over race case appeal 

By Howard Foster 

The National Union of 
Teachers yesterday called on 
Mr Kenneth Baker, Education 
Secretary, to demand foe im- 
mediate reinstatement of sus- 
pended head teacher Miss 
Maureen McGoldrick. 

The union wained that its 
members in the borough of 
Brent may take strike action at 
half-term unless she gets her 
job bade following the left- 
wing council's decision to 
appeal against a High Court 
ruling that the headmistress, 
be reinstated. 

Mr Justice Roch ruled that a 
finding in August by foe 
governors of Sudbury Infonts 
School in Wembley that there 
was no evidence of racism 
against Miss McGoldrick was 
binding on the coundL 

Pupils and staff at foe 
school had been fully expect- 
ing Miss McGoldrick to return 
after hearing of the High 
Court decision in her favour. 
The children had posted up 
the word WELCOME in al- 
most 20 different languages. 

Hobson’s choice is a broadside from the bench 

Bv Philip Jacobson 

With a name like James 
Hobson Jobling. one might 
expect a certain Victorian 
resonance to the judgements 
of the stipendiary magistrate 
at London's Horse ferry Road 

And Mr Jobling. late ofthe 
Roval Navy, duly obliged 
xesietday with what veteran 
chert on of his demean our 
on the bench considered a 
\ image demolition of a 
Portugese gentleman who en- 
tered his " field of fire on 
chaises of dodging, bus tares 
and forging a British Rail 
season ticket. 

Tbe lawyer representing Se- 
nhor Antonio Marquess was 
pointing out. by way of mitiga- 
tion. that his client aged 31, 
married with two children and 
living in a council flat in 
Wandsworth, had been in 
constant employment 
throughout his ten years in 
this country — when the 
bench gave him both barrels. 

“ I’m sure he has." observ ed 
Mr Jobling.*’ They all get jobs, 
just like the illegal immigrants 
who come here.-Council 
houses, jobs, the lot. 

"How do they do it? They 
can all get jobs, it's just lire 
British public who can’t." 

On learning that Marquess 

had been working as a £104-a- 
week porter with British Rail 
for the past five years, he 
exclaimed:" And he needs an 
interpreter in court today. 
How splendid!" 

Mr Jobson was no more 
pleased to learn that foe 
accused was on legal 
a id. “ Absurd." he declared, 
then fined foe hapless fellow 
£150. with £50 costs to be paid 
off at a tenner a week “ or you 
go to prison." 

Those who have watched 
Mr JoWing in action on other 
occasions had sensed that it 
might be one of his more 
outspoken days when, before 
Manqoess came up. he ad- 


dressed himself to foe case of a 
couple of teenage girls who 
admitted stealing a car to go 

“What they need is a jolly 
good hiding." foe bench ob- 
served. giving them a wanting 
of possible prison sentences. 

“Pity I'm not in America 
where l could have taken 
some sensible action." One 
girl- was fined £100. the other 
railed for further reports. 

Actually, both they and 
Senhor Marquess might count 
themselves fortunate to have 
escaped with a comparatively 
restrained tongue lashing from 
Mr Jobling. 

Few who were present will 


forget his remarks to a young 
woman who came up before 
him Iasi November on 
drunken driving charges. 
Pleading guilty, she told the 
court that less than a month 
earlier she had been operated 
on to remove her fallopian 

On the day foe offence took 
place, her doctor had in- 
formed her that she had only- 
six months to live. Under- 
standably depressed, she had 
drunk too much. "Well, we’ve 
all got to die sometime." Mr 
Jobling remarked, before 
imposing a £300 fine and 
disqualify ing her from driving 
for eighteen months. 

RUC prepares 
scapegoats for 
‘shoot to kill’ 

By David Sapsted and Richard Ford 

The Royal Ulster Constabu- 
lary has earmarked “sacrificial 
lambs" in advance of the 
inquiry report into claims foal 
the force operated a deliberate 
shoot-to-kill policy, according 
to security sources yesterday. 

Mr Colin Sampson, West 
Yorkshire chief constable, 
who took over the inquiry 
earlier this year when Mr John 
Stalker was suspended, is ex- 
pected to send his report to Sir 
Michael Havers, the Attorney 
General, within a fortnight. 

However, informed sources 
have told The Times that 
senior RUC officers have laid 
plans for colleagues to be 
sacrificed should any blame be 
apportioned by Mr Sampson 
for foe control of an elite 
police squad responsible for 
foe killings of six unarmed 
terrorist suspects. 

A leading member of the 
Police Federation in Northern 
Ireland said last night: “There 
is a lot of anger within the 
RUC that junior officers have 
been the scapegoats from the 
very start. We are simply not 
prepared to see this happen 
yet again when the Sampson 
report appears." 

It is known that Mr Stalker 
was unable to establish the 
chain of command of foe 
Special Support Unit, initially 
trained by foe Strategic Air 
Services and subsequently re- 
named the Headquarters Mo- 
bile Support Unit based at 
Lisitasharragh Barracks, east 

The change of name came 
about because the initials SSU 
were regarded as too dose to 
SAS and implied a military- 
style unit. 

The Greater Manchester 
deputy chief constable was 
taken off the inquiry, which he 
had headed for two years, five 
days before he was due to 
question Sir John Hermon, 
RUC chief constable, about 
the control and activities of 
this unit, including the at- 
tempted cover-up after the 
1982 killings. 

According to RUC contacts, 
the squad operated as a law 
unto itself with officers, even 
constables, refusing to accept 
the authority of more senior 
officers not in the unit. 

An officer with the Special 
Support Unit, for instance, is 
understood to have told a 
superior to “go away and have 
a meal" when he arrived lo 
investigate the shootings of 
Martin MacAuley and a Mi- 
chael Tighe. aged’ 1 7. who was 
killed but had no known 
involvement with terrorist 
groups, in a bam in November 

The instruction was appar- 
ently to enable certain mem- 
bers of the special unit to agree 
foe version of events that 
would appear in foe official 

Subsequently, a chief 
inspector and a superinten- 
dent were blamed in court for 
concocting a phoney version 
of events leading to foe shoot- 
ing of two unarmed men. 

Three other members of the 
special unit were cleared of the 
murder of a trio of unarmed 
IRA men whose car failed to 
slop at a roadblock at Lurgan 
earlier in November 1981 

A third shooting, in Armagh 
in December 1981 led directly 

Condoned on page 20, col 3 

jury sent 
to hotel 

By Stewart Tendler 
Crime Reporter 
The jury faying Nezar 
Hindawi, the Jordanian 
Journalist accused of attempt- 
ing to use his girlfriend as a 
human bomb on an El AJ 
aircraft, was sent to an hotel 
last night after a day of 
deliberation on their verdict 
Mr Hindawi, aged 31 has 
pleaded not guilty at the 
Central Criminal Court to 
giving his unwitting girlfriend. 
Miss Ann Murphy, a bag 
containing explosives and a 
timer to take on an El AI flight 

Miss Murphy, five months 
pregnant, was booked lo fly to 
Tel Aviv on a Boeing 747 
containing 375 people. 

The defence has said that 
Mr Hindawi was recruited in 
Syria by a drug trafficker and 
believed the bag contained 

Mr Hindawi has pleaded 
guilty to possessing a Brown- 
ing pistol and 25 rounds of 

lifts home 
loan rate 

By Martin Baker 

The Midland Bank and the 
Woolwich Equitable Building 
Society have joined foe cur- 
rent round of mortgage rate 
increases - with the Midland 
imposing foe largest rise so 

The Woolwich has decided 
to follow foe Halifax Building 
Society in raising its mortgage 
rate by 1 % percentage points 
to 12% percent from Novem- 
ber 1. leaving the Abbey 
National out of line on 12% 

But foe Midland Bank an- 
nounced a Vk percentage 
point rise to a nominal 125 
per cent yesterday, also effec- 
tive from November I. 

Midland Bank does, how- 
ever, stress that because ofthe 
way it does its mortgage 
calculations its loans are tto 
more expensive than building 
society debt. 

Midland’s 105.000 bor- 
rowers will pay a true rate of 
13.1 percent. 


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Police win access 
to riot pictures 

A judge yesterday ordered two newspaper editors and a 
_ news agency to hand over to police on demand a series of 
, photographs taken daring the recent riots In Bristol. 

The Western Daily Press and the Bristol Evening Post , 
- both in the Bristol United Press group, and the Bristol 
'Press and Picture News Agency, had resisted a police action 
in the High Court in Bristol to force them to hand over news 
■ photographs. 

Bat Mr John Royce, for Avon and Somerset police, said 
the photographs would be of substantial benefit to police in- 
vestigating serious crimes committed in the St Paul’s area of 
". Bristol on September 11 and 12. 

' Mr Justice Sruart-Sraith, delivering his judgement after a 
hearing last week, ordered the news organizations to hand 
over their photographs. 

Mr Brian Jones, editor of the Bristol Evening Post, said 
that an appeal was being considered. 



A celebration of the 
Midsummer solstice 

- Druid ceremony will be 
.. held at Stonehenge next 

year, it has been announ- 

The English Heritage 
, commission has given Its 

- approval for the ceremony. 
. providing it does not take 

the form of a pop concert 
and is now negotiating 
plans with the National 

on toys 

A “Thomas the Tank" 
model engine could poison 
children. Mr Mike Givens, 
trading standards officer 
for Gloucestershire, 
claimed yesterday. 

He said that the red 
paint on the Chinese-made 
models contains too much 

The two-inch long mod- 
els, which sell for about £2, 
carrv the trademark 

Jaguar cars makes 
1 1 per cent offer 

- Government hopes of restricting wage rises to below the 
level of inflation have suffered another setback with a pay 
-offer of op to 11 per cent for 8.000 houriy-paid workers at 
Jaguar cars l Tim Jones writes). 

The offer. 22 per cent spread ova 1 two years, will be 
debated next week by shop slewardsJt comes at a period 
.'when inflation is running at 3 per cent 

Last month. Mr Nigel Lawson, Chancellor of the 
Exchequer urged employers to make a tougher stand 
'against pay claims which threatened to npset the 
Government's financial strategy. 

Two days later, the Electrical. Electronic Telecomm uni- 
cations and Plumbing Union promptly ignored his words 
and announced pace-setting settlements of 8 per cent for 
more than 12,000 of its members. 

* Surprise 

A retired advertising 
executive who was clumsy 
when entering a BBC 
drama competition was 
pleasantly surprised to re- 
ceive a cheque fin- £4500 
from Princess Margaret 
(left) at Television Centre, 
west London, yesterday. 

Mr Ron Pearson, of 
Leeds, winner of this 
year's Radio Times award 
for the best television play, 
said: “I didn't actually 
know what the prize was, 
because I tore the entry 
form in half when sending 
it in." 

Mr Martin Crimp, of 
Richmond, Surrey', won 
the radio play award. 

Murder police want 
to quiz dog walker 

Detectives investigating the murder of Nicola Fellows, 
aged 10. and Karen Hadaway, aged 9, in a park on the edge 
of Brighton want to find a man who was walking his two 
dogs in the park on the night the girls were strangled. 

The man, aged about 30, and using a golf dub as a walk- 
ing stick, was in Wild Park, Moulescoombe, Brighton, 
between 0pm and 630pm on October 9. He had two 
medium-sized dogs with him. 

Inspector Peter Kennett of Sussex police said: “He is one 
of a number of people who we know were in the park that 
evening and who have still not come forward, despite 
repeated appeals. They may have important information." 

The girls disappeared from their homes in Newtek Knud, 
Moutsecoombe, a bousing estate on the outskirts of 
Brighton. Their bodies were found in dense undergrowt h in 
the park, a few hundred yards from their homes, on 
October 10. They had been sexually assaulted. 

Fine over 
pig fever 

A fanner and his wife at 
the centre of a swine fever 
epidemic in which 1,000 
animals had to be slaugh- 
tered, were fined £720 by 
magistrates at Droitwich, 
Hereford and Worcester, 

Jack Reeves, aged 51, 
and his wife, Clare, aged 
32, of Brook Farm, Brad- 
ley Green, who admitted 
breaking animal hygiene 
regulations by feeding their 
animals with unprocessed 
waste food, were also or- 
dered to pay £172 costs. 



The Trent Bus Com- 
pany, which serves Derby- 
shire, Nottinghamshire 
and parts of Leicestershire, 
announced yesterday that it 
is ceasing regular service 
for eight days over Christ- 
mas. starting at 9 pm on 
December 24, to cut losses 
because of probable lack of 

(t will mean a long 
Christmas holiday for the 
1.100 bos crews, but both 
Derbyshire Chamber of 
Commerce and Chamber of 
Trade expressed concern 

Left split on front bench election 

i ■ v 4 k.Vv Tnf 

By Philip Webster 
Chief Political 

The forthcoming elections 
to- the Shadow Cabinet have 
split the Labour left and given 
the already dominant cenire- 
righ t grouping hopes of further 

The soft-left Tribune Group 
and the hard-left Campaign 
Group have failed after 
months of negotiations to 
repeat last year's agreement to 
have a joint slate of can- 

Last year, the pact between 
both groups helped the left to 
gain a place at the expense of 
the centre right, which now 
has nine of the IS elected 

But as nominations for the 
elections closed yesterday, 
hopes of another deal foun- 
dered over the insistence of 
the Campaign Group that all 
members of both groups 
should have their votes of- 
ficially recorded. 

Last year. Campaign Group 
members largely held to the 
agreement in a disciplined 
manner but the Tribune 
Group was not so rigorous, 
and several of the left can- 
didates regarded as hostile to 
the leadership received fewer 
than the number of votes then- 
joint strength would have 


The Campaign Group has 
left off its suite Mr Tam 
DalyeU. MP 'for Linlithgow 
and newly elected member of 

the national executive, 
punishing him immediately 
for bis decision on Wednesday 
to back Mr Neil Kinnock over 
imposing a parliamentary can- 
didate on Knowsley North. 

Only two of its 1 1-member 
stole appear also on the Tri- 
bune slate. Mr Michael 
Meacher and Ms Jo Richard- 
son. and only Mr Meacher 
seems likely to be rejected. 

Mr Roland Boyes, chair- 
man of the Tribune Group, 
said last night "If the left toils 
to increase its representation I 
fed the responsibility must lie 
with the Campaign Group." 

The centre right has hopes 
of raising its representation at 
least to 10. with Dr David 
Clark, one of the front-bench 
environment spokesman, 

upped as a likely newcomer. 

The left’s 'five repre- 
sentatives. Mr Stan Ormc, Mr 
Robin Cook. Mr Meacher. Mr 
John Prescott and Mr Robert 
Hughes, had their votes in- 
creased last year as a result of 
the joint slate, and may face a 
drop in votes because of the 

Mr Tony Bcnn is making 
another attempt to return to 
the Shadow Cabinet although 
his hopes are slim without the 
support of the Tribune Group. 

The slates are (‘denotes 
sitting member): 

Solidarity: Mr Peter Archer *. 
Dr David Clark, Mr Jack 
Cunningham *, Mr Terry Da- 
vis.. Mr Donald Dewar *, Mr 
Denis Healey * Mr Brynmor 
John, Mr Barry Jones *, Mr 

Gerald Kaufman \ Mr John 
Morris. Mr Giles Radicc *. Mr 
George Robertson. Mr Peter 
Shore Mr John Smith *. Mr 
Alan Williams. 

Tribune: Mr Stan Orme *, Mr 
John Prescott*. Mr Robin 
Cook *, Mr Robert Hughes *. 
Mr Michael Meacher *. Mr 
Jack Straw. Mr Bryan Gould, 
Mr Clive Solcy. Ms Jp 
Richardson. Mr Frank 

Campaign: Mr Tony Banks. 
Mrs Maigarci Beckett. Mr 
Tony Bcnn, Mr Dennis 
Canavan. Mr Jeremy Corbyn. 
Mr Max Madden. Mr 
Meacher *, Ms Jo Richardson. 
Mr Brian Scdgemore, Ms 
Clare Short bfr Gavin Strang. 

Driver in train 
disaster ‘did 
not know of 
signal changes’ 

By Ian Smith 

A public inquiry into the 
Colwicb rail disaster yesterday 
was told that the driver of the 
London to Manchester train 
took it through a red light 
straight into the path of a 
1 OOmph express train, because 
he was unaware of crucial 
signal changes made a month 

Emergency braking reduced 
the speed of the Manchester- 
bound express to walking pace 
but could not prevent it 
straddling the main line junc- 
tion at Colwich, in Stafford- 
shire, where the London- 
bound Liverpool train was 

Only a miracle prevented 
multiple death among 873 
passengers as both engines 
and 10 carriages were derailed 
and live overhead wires tom 
down, sending electricity leap- 
ing along the trade. 

The sole totality was Mr 
Eric Goode, aged 58, the 
London-bound driver, who 
died instantly. Seventy five 
passengers were injured, in- 
cluding the Nicaraguan 
ambassador to London. 

At the public inquiry.held in 
Crewel the. driver of the 
Manchester-bound train, Mr 
Brian Shaw, aged 56. an Inter- 
City driver for the past five 
years, told, how he approached 
a red light 250 yards from the 
junction at about 25mph, 
expecting it to change any 

Instead it remained on red 
and as Mr Shaw desperately 
tried to halt his train he 
glanced through trees by the 
trackand was horrified to see 
an express train hurtling to- 
wards him. 

A split second before the 
impact Mr Shaw leapt from 
his cab and fell on to the track 
alongside Mr Mark Organ. 

1 22, a trainee driver who 
had wrenched open the 
driver’s door and flung him- 
self out. 

Mr Organ was travelling 
illegally but Mr Shaw said he 
had allowed him into the cab 
of The Times, named by Mr 
Charles Douglas-Home, the 
former editor, in the paper’s 
bicentennary year, because he 
thought the young man was an 
experienced driver wanting to 
check out a new route before 
taking an express along it. 

Mr Shaw's total error 
stemmed from not reading a 
drivers' weekly notice, which 
warned of a change in the 
signal system introduced on 
August 17, and no longer 
guaranteed his north-bound 
train the right of way. 

Mr Peter MiUward, the 
Colwich signalman, told the 
inquiry that The Times “was 
going slowly forward all the 
while and 1 'assumed it would 
come to a stop — but it didn't. 

“What I then knew was 
going to happen did happen 
and I just looked down the 
line holding my heart in my 

About five minutes after the 
collision Mr Shaw stumbled 
into his signal box and the two 
exchanged angry words, with 
Mr Millwaid accusing the 
driver of going through a red 
light and Mr Shaw insisting he 
had presumed flashing veDow 
lights meant he coula safely" 

Throughout the inquiry,' 
nearly 100 railwaymen. many 
of them dose colleagues of the 
dead driver, listened atten- 
tively as expert witnesses tes- 
tified that both the London to 
Manchester train's brakes and 
track signals were In perfect 
working order. 

Afterwards they criticized 
the “cavalier” way British 
Rail feeds them important 

The inquiry report will not 
be published for some mon- 

Mr Brian Shaw (left), the driver of the Manchester-bound train, and Mr Mark Organ, who 

was travelling in the cab. 

Education think-tank 
warns of ‘emergency’ 

By Mark Dowd, Education Reporter 

A new education “think- 
tank" was launched yesterday 
with a warning that Britain's- 
educaiion system is in a state 
of emergency and is betraying 
millions of people. 

Sir John Hoskyns. director- 
general of the Institute of 
Directors, was speaking as a 
member of the advisory coun- 
cil of the newly-created Educa- 
tion Unit, which will form 
part of the Institute of Eco- 
nomic Affairs. 

He said iaige elements of 
the present system were “a 
shambles" and there were tor 
too many people who had to 
deal with a system which he 
referred to as "a can of 

The unit will have as its 
director Mr Stuart Sexton, 
until last May special adviser 
to Sir Keith Joseph, former 
Secretary of State for Educa- 
tion and Science, and will be 
funded for an initial period of 

three years by a charitable 
trust which will invest 

Mr Sexton said that the 
primary task of the new body 
would be to commission ex- 
perts to publish papers on 
educational matters of current 
interest, and, in particular, to 
take more account of imer- 
- national comparisons. 

Examples of particular top- 
ics which Lbe unit is keen to 
pursue are: teachers' pay. 
involving a re-examination of 
the present Burnham 
dures for negotiating 
polytechnics, a comprehen- 
sive assessment of manage- 
ment and financial practice; 
schools, where the new Educa- 
tion Unit is to carry out an 
important study of the main- 
tained sector. 

For this purpose h will 
appoint a full-time research 
fellow for a two-year period. 

Policy put 
to Liberals 
on defence 

By Martin Fletcher 
Political Reporter 

The Liberal leadership yes- 
terday adopted a means of 
winning party approval for its 
new defence policy which, it 
hopes, will by-pass the need 
for a possibly awkward special 

But even as that exercise 
began, the new policy was 
being ridiculed in the Cbm- 
mons by the Prime Minister. 

“I don't think many people 
will take seriously a political 
party which, on a subject as 
important as the independent 
deterrent, claims it is commit- 
ted to maintaining it but can't 
agree on how to do so." Mrs 
Margaret Thatcher said, echo- 
ing the same sentiments ex- 
pressed by Dr David Owen, 
leader of the Social Demo- 
cratic Party, earlier this 

On Wednesday night Mr 
David Steel, the Liberal lead- 
er. had explained that the 
Alliance would not go into an 
election committal to a 
particular form of nuclear 
hardware, but would take that 
decision in government. That 
was seen immediately as a 
considerable shift on Dr 
Owen’s pan. 

FitzGerald wins 
confidence vote 

' By Richard Ford 
Irish Republic's 

The Irish Republic's co- 
alition government won a cru- 
cial motion of confidence last 
night, enabling it to limp on in 
power until at least the Budget 
in the new year. 

Dr Garret FitzGerald's Fine 
Gael-Labour coalition won the 
vote by 83 to 81 when two 
dissident backbenchers sop- 
ported the administration. 

But as deputies returned to 
their constituencies after the 
prime minister's toughest 
week in power, the government 
was bracing itself for a diffi- 
culty Dail session until the 
Christinas recess. 

Mr Haogfaey's Hanna Fall 

opposition will continue to 
harass the government though 
it cannot lay another motion of 
no confidence for another she 

During the two-day debate 
the government defended its 
record while attacking the 
previous administration of 
Ftonna Fail for mi smanaging 
the country's finances, but Mr 
Hangbey described the co- 
alition as a lame dock admin- 

The real test for the govern- 
ment will be in January when 
it most frame a tough 
aimed at restoring order to 
public finances. 


pledge on 

ft NidioteWMd, 
Political Reporter 

Mr Neil Kitmoek yesterday 
dramatically toned down pen- 
sions pledges given to the 
Labour conference by. Mr 
Michael Meacher, his chief 
Social Services spokesman. 

The Labour leader made 
clear hiscommumem went no 
further than an extra £5a week 
for single pensioners and £8. 
for married couples. 

The conference ember this 
month passed overwhelm- 
ingly a resolution calling on 
the next Labour government 
to raise pensions. immediately 
to not less than half of avc 
earnings for a married c 
and not less than * third 

single people. 

With average earnings pres- 
ently running at £185 a week, 
thisVould mean increases of 
more than £20 a week for 
single people and about £70 a 
week for couples. 

The conference also sought 
to commit the party to other 
expensive measures such as 
exempting pensioners from 
standing charges for utilities 
and the TV licence fee. bring- 
ing in free tores on public 
transport, doubling the tax- 
free Christmas bonus to £20 
and producing a strategy to 
reduce the retirement age for 
men to 60. 

Yesterday, in the wake of 
Mr Kinnock's speech to 
pensioners in London, party 
sources emphasized thin life 
conference vote only made the 
package “eligible'* for inclu- 
sion in the next manifesto, 
and was not binding. 

• Supporters of Mr John 
Silkin. the former Labour 
minister, yesterday alleged a 
systematic Trottkite takeover 
of his Lewisham Deptford 
constituency party (Philip 
Webster, Chief Political. 
Correspondent, writes). 

The party has been given 
the go-ahead to select a new 
candidate for the next general 

• Labour's national executive 
is to investigate a Militant- 
infiltrated constituency which 
is attempting to oust one of its 
longest-serving MPs (Martin 
Fletcher writes). 

The inquiry was requested 
by the MP. Mr James Tinn, 
and its announcement came 
two days before the manage- 
ment committee of his Redcar 
constituency was itself going 
to complain to the national 
executive about Mr Turn’s 
refusal to resign. 

Rare thrush 
eaten by cat 

Hundreds of bird watchers, 
nicknamed “twitch ers", went 
to the ScilVy Isles to catch a 
glimpse of the grey-cheeked 
thrush, which had been blown 
off its migration course. 

But the “twitchers" were 
told on arrival that the rare 
American visitor had. been 
eaten by a local cat 

York stone 

A six-foot high stone pin- 
nacle weighing half a ton, 
which was brushed by a 
steeplejack doing restoration 
work on York Minster, fell to 
the ground yesterday, hours 
after the road and footpath 
below were dosed. No one 
was hurt 

TtamoWttM i 
29: Belgium B Fire 50s 

VS: Canaries Pea 200; 

Cyprus 70 cents; Denmark Dkr IQ OO: 
Finland M|tk 9.00: France Ffl.OO: W 
Germany CM 550; Gibraltar GOD: 
Greece Dr 180; Holland Cl 3.50: Irtatt 
Republic « Op: Italy i 2.700 Liucem- 
boura U M: Madeira Esc 170; Mam 
35oMorocco Dir 10.00; Norway Kr 
1000: Pakistan Rns IB; Portugal Esc 
ITO; Smrapore toJSO; Spain Pes 200: 
Sweden Skr 12 00: Switzerland S Fr, 
3.00: Tunisia QtnSO.OO: USA SI .75: 
Yugoslavia Din 700. 





Being merchandise appropriated by Financial House Hamilton Somerset (London) Ltd to secure their 
position against a well known trader now in default. 

Because of the magnitude of pieces involved, goods have been divided into two separate auctions 

which will be held on 


Viewing one hour prior to sale time 


Sale at 11 -00am 



Under the supervision of 



Student leaders 
forestall violence 

Meticulous planning by stu- 
dents at Bristol University 
forestalled a repetition yes- 
terday of the violent confronta- 
tions which have characterized 
recent student onion meetings 
(David Cross writes). 

Precautions included the 
smuggling in of two gnest 
speakers, Mr Ray Honeyford, 
the former Bradford bead 
teacher, anbd Mr Jonathan 
Savery, a mnlti-caltural 
teacher in Bristol. 

Last week. Mr Enoch Pow- 
ell, the Ulster Unionist MP, 
was prevented from speaking 
on the topic of law reform and 
drug trafficking by a group of 
anarchists and left-wing ac- 
tivists who accused him of 

Yesterday. -Mr Honeyford, 
the former head of Drummond 
Middle School, and Mr 
Savery .who has fallen foul of 
Avon Education Authority, 
were speaking on the Issue of 

free speech and academic free- 

Both men have been accused 
of racism, for articles which 
they wrote for die Salisbury 

Fearing a repetition of last 
week's violent scenes, in which 
the public address system was 
smashed, student leaders took 
the precaution of appointing 
80 stewards from the rngby 
and football teams to screen 
all those entering the students 
union after 830 am. Much of 
last week’s violence was 
blamed on protesters who were 
no loiter students at the 

As a handful of protesters 
from the local branch of the 
National Union .of Teachers 
and from the Socialist Work- 
ers Party gathered outside the 
union building in mid-morn- 
ing. Mr Honeyford and Mr 
Savery were brought in 
through an underground car 


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Firms urged 
to recognize 
stress factor 


Stress- related illness is a 
management rather than a 
medical problem, doctors 
claimed at a conference in 
London yesterday. 

The conference on “Stress 
and the City" was told that 60 
per cent of absence through 
work was caused by short- 
term, stress-related illness, 

. Dr Joe Kearns, medical 
director of BUPA Occupa- 
tional Health, ihe private 
health insurance organization, 
said that an estimated 100 
million working days a year 
are lost because people cannot 
face going to work. 

This is more than three 
times the number of work 
days lost through strikes in 
1979, the year of the “winter 
of discontent”. 

Dr Kearns gave a warning 
that next Monday’s “big 
bang" at the Slock Exchange 
could boost stress levels even 
higher as employees, already 
in high pressure jobs, will have 
to adapt to extensive changes 
and the new problems of high 
technology virtually 

A MORI survey of city and 
financial organizations, 
commissioned by Bupa, found 
that nearly two thirds of the 
firms regarded stress as the 
main health issue affecting 
their employees. When asked 
to evaluate the amount of 
stress in their organization, 
accountancy firms scored the 
highest with building societies 
close behind. 

Those involved in or asso- 
ciated with the “big bang” 
came third. The poll, con- 
ducted among senior man- 
agers, also disclosed that the 
middle manager aged from 30 
to 50 was believed to be more 
vulnerable to stress than se- 
nior managers. 

But Dr Kearns said that 
although firms are increas- 
ingly worried about the effects 
of stress, few are doing any- 
thing constructive about it. 

By Jfl] Sherman 

Very few employed occupa- 
tional physicians specializing 
in emotional factors . 

He said stress manifested 
itself in drinking problems or 
heart disease, and was exacer- 
bated by three fundamental 
occupational dilemmas. 

Firstly, when an employee 
is overloaded or underloaded 
at work, where there is too 
much or too tittle responsibil- 
ity. Secondly, when someone's 
role was ambiguous or un- 
clear. Thirdly, people were put 
under stress when they had to 
compete with others in the 
same organization for the 
resources necessary to achieve 
their objectives. 

“All these are organiza- 
tional and managerial, not 
medical, problems,” Dr 
Kearns said. “They fall within 
the concept of discrepancy, 
the gap between a person’s 
abilities, training, aptitude, 
stamina on the one hand and 
the demands made on him on 
the other.” 

Senior managers tended to 
perpetuate the problem, he 
said, as they assumed, that if 
they had gone through these 
strains everybody else should. 

Managers also felt that to 
admit to being stressed or 
tired or worn oat tended to be 
seen as an admission of weak- 
ness or failure. 

Dr Kearns called for better 
leadership and training at all 
levels. People needed help 
when they moved from one 
job to another or were pro- 
moted. Grange often made 
people feel worried , distressed 
or uncomfortable, but most of 
these people had to cope with 
the change without any 
formalised help from then- 
employees, he said. 

Bupa is now trying to help 
companies address the extent 
of stress-related behaviour by 
providing individual com- 
pany health profiles. 

for breast 

A mother who had both her 
breasts removed when a doctor 
mistakenly diagnosed cancer 
won £98,631 damages in the 
High Court yesterday. 

Mr Justice Boreham slid it 
was “difficult for a mere male 
to understand properly” the 
effect on a woman of losing her 

The woman, Mrs ManueHa 
Vaughan, aged 49. suffered 
acute distress for more don 
two years when she was led to 
believe she had cancer and, at 
times, thought that her days 
were numbered. 

She has been scarred and 
disfigured by an operation that 
need never have taken place. 

“To a' woman of her age 
breasts may so longer nourish 
a baby,” the judge said. 

“But no woman ofherage or 
of a more advanced age would 
ever regard her breads as no 
longer nsefuL 

“Whatever the physical 
function they may perform, 
their cosmetic value and their 
contribution to a woman’s 
confidence in herself and her 
body most be very substantial 
indeed, and the loss of them 
most be substantiaL” 

. The judge said that Mia 
Vaughan, of Golboroe Road, 
North Kensington, west 
London, was referred by a 
famil y planning dink to St 
Mary's Hospital, Paddington, 
when a lamp was discovered in 
her right breast in Jnly 1981. 

After a series of tests at the 
hospital Mrs Vaughan was 
told she had cancer and later 
both breasts were removed. 

In January 1984 samples of 
tissue were sent to the Royal 
Marsden Hospital when jtw 
discovered that she never had 
cancer at alL 

Mrs Vaughan had to give up 

The judge awarded her 
£25,000 for the pain and 
emotional upset, £3,000 for 
her inability to do the house- 
work, and £15JM)0 for help in 
the home. He awarded her 
£49,870 for the loss of her job. 
The hafanr* of the award was 
made up of interest 

Charity tackles child abuse 

Children who suffer from 
Briiain’s “secret crime” of 
sexual abuse will soon be able 
to make free telephone calls 
for help to a new riiarity. 

Details of "Childline", 
which starts next Thursday, 
wilt be explained, by Esther 
Ramzcn when she presents, 
Childwatch on BBC 1. The 
programme will include de- 
tails of the most extensive 
national poll commissioned 
on child cruelty. 

It discloses that in every age 
group, one child in 10 suffered 
some form of cruelty involv- 
ing emotional physical or 
sexual abuse. 

Viewers of the That’s Life 

By Tim Jones 

programme have sent in 3,000 
letters describing their experi- 
ences. One woman wrote; “I 
was never frightened of walk- 
ing home alone in the dark or 
of being raped or mused. I 
knew what was waitingtor me 
at home was infinitely worse 
than that” 

Miss Rantzen described 
them as “the most anger- 
making reading of my life”. 
The case histories include 
sexual abuse by fathers, uncles 
and male lodgers. 

The main perpetrators of 
sexual abuse are fathers, and 
87 percent of all abusers come 
from within the family circle 
of relatives and friends. 

According to the pro- 
gramme, current law amounts 
to a “molesters’ charter" be- 
cause accusations of sexual 
abuse cannot usually be 
proved without corrobora- 
tion, which is by its very 
nature lacking from abuse 
committed behind • dosed 

Any child in Britain suffer- 
ing physical, emotional or 
sexual abuse will be able to 
ring 0800 1 1 1 1 free of charge 
and obtain expert hdp. Sir 
George Jefferson, chairman of 
British Telecom, made sure 
that Childline is the only 
linkline with an eight-digit 

‘a mess’ 

Vital prosecution evidence 
about a gun silencer in the trial 
of Jeremy Bamber, who is 
accused of murder, was “a 
mess'*, his defence counsel 
said yesterday. 

Mr Geoffrey Rivlin was 
continuing bis summing up in 
the trial in which Bamber 
denies shooting dead his 
adoptive parents Neville and 
June, both aged 61. sister 
Sheila Caffell and her twin 
sons . aged six. 

The prosecution claims that 
Sheila could not have killed 
herself as she could not have 
fired the murder weapon with 
the silencer on. 

The silencer was off the gun 
when the bodies were found 
but was discovered later at the 
home. White House Farm. 
Tolleshunl D’Arcy, Essex. 

Mr Rivlin said the evidence 
did not disprove that Sheila 
may have killed everyone with 
the ’silencer on and then taken 
it off to kill herself. 

The judge. Mr Justice 
Drake, is to begin his sum- 
ming-up this morning. 

Rush for 

Telephone lines to travel 
agents were jammed and staff 
kepi busy yesterday as people 
rushed to buy £29 holidays to 
Spain next year and rate up 
other bargain offers. 

Limn Poly, one of Britain's 
largest travel agency drams, 
said that more than 2,000 
holidays were sold in the first 
two hours of business. 

The greatest demand was at 
Skytours, who were offering 
several hundred deals of £29 
for a week in Spain and £39 in 

The offers were part ofa £10 
million sale of package bar- 
gains by Skytours. Thomson 
Holidays, which owns 
Skytours. said that 25.000 
bargain holidays were snap- 
.ped up in the first hour after 
travel agents opened 

Mr Roger Peverett, Lurrn 
Poly's marketing director, 
said: “The flood of cheap 
holidays has boosted an al- 
ready buoyant summer mar- 
ket with bookings up 60 per 
cent on this lime last year.” 

A fillip for 
at the top 

The “average female boss” 
ur Britain is better at her job 
than the “average male boss”, 
according to Mr Bryan 
Nicholson, who is chairman of 
the Manpower Services 

He will today fefl a “Women 
on the Board” conference in 
London, organised by the In- 
stitute of Directors, that It is 
time for a “quiet revolution” 
by women to ensure they 
obtain '.better opportunities at 

He says the promotion sys- 
tem is so heavily stacked 
against women that they have 
to be better to beat it. As a 
result, women who make it to 
the top “are first dass ambas- 
sadors of their sex”. 

Mr Nicholson does not envy 
the .woman’s role. He says: 
“They are constantly muter 
the male microscope. 

They are perpetually judged 
not mdy oa their managerial 
qualities but on their sexuality 
and even their clothes ted 

A contestant swinging high at Marazioo in the Ricard South-west Fan hoard championship in Cornwall. The daily venue 
changes depending on wind conditions and the competition continues today and tomorrow (Photograph: David Brenchley). 

Sikh plot 
by police’ 

Two undercover detectives 
foiled a plot by Sikh militants 
to kill Mr Rajiv Gandhi the 
Indian Prime Minister, on a 
trip to Britain last October, 
Birmingham Crown Court 
was tola yesterday. 

The officers posed as the 
IRA terrorists who murdered 
Mr Airey Neave, the former 
Conservative MP, Mr Igor 
Judge, QC, for the prosecu- 
tion. said. 

Jamail Singh Ranuana, 
jed 46, a company director, 
of Cannon Street; Sukhvinder 
Singh GiU aged 31, a dyer, of 
Worthington Street; and Par- 
mairrta Singh Marwaha, aged 
'j a factory owner, of 
Kedleston Road, all of Leices- 
ter, deny conspiracy to mur- 
der and soliciting the under- 
cover police to murder. 

Mr Judge told the jury 
yesterday, when the trial 
started after 14 days of legal 
argument, that the plot had a 
simple but fundamental flaw 
in that the three men were not 
prepared to do the killing 

The detective constables, 
identified as Tom B and Ian S, 
posed as gunmen prepared to 
do the killing, Mr Judge said. 

Mr Judge said the motive 
for the attempted killing was 
political linked with militants 
in Punjab seeking an indepen- 
dent Sikh statecalled Khal- 

The plotters were prepared 
to pay £60,000 for the 
assassination and said it 
would be paid through Sikh 
contacts in the United Stales 
and Canada. 

The undercover police had 
to make sure they controlled 
the operation, or there would 
have been a risk of the plotters 
seeking other people for the 

Mr Judge said the police- 
men had to use infiltration 
and deception as part of their 
tactics to get to the bottom of 
the plot. 

The trial continues today. 

Jail term for 
teacher who 
assaulted boys 

A homosexual biology 
teacher who indecently as- 
saulted his male pupils and 
taught them code-words for 
sex acts was jailed for four 
years at Croydon Crown 
Court yesterday. 

Andrew Kingston!, aged 36, 
persuaded the boys, aged be- 
tween 12 and 15, to go to his 

Kingston!, of Blenheim 
Road. Dartford, Kent, denied 
12 charges of indecent assault 
between March 1979 and 
December 1984, but was con- 
victed of II. 

Solicitor in ‘luxury 
suite for informers’ 

A solicitor accused of han- 
dling the proceeds of Britain's 
biggest robbery is believed to 
be living in a police station 
luxury suite built to house 
“supergrasses''’ or informers 
(Michael McCarthy writes). 

Mr Michael Rchon. of the 
Westminster firm of Lynn. 
Rchon and Co, appeared in 
court on Wednesday charged 
with dishonestly handling £2.7 
million, the proceeds of stolen 
gold bullion.. The charge re- 
lates to the £26 million Brinks- 
Mat robbery it Heathrow in 
1983 . 

Mr Rchon. aged 48. was 
granted bail, fail with the 
unprecedented condition of 
•■living” at a police station. He 
is not in a cell however. 

He is helping detectives 
investipiting the robbery for 
up to ten hout> a day. in a 
suite of rooms in a station m 
south London. 

It is one ofa number of such 
suites fitted out in selected 

Metropolitan Police stations 
several years ago to house 
important informers, whom 
detectives needed to be both 
available and securely pro- 
tected for months or even 
years at a time. 

Mr Rclton’s current accom- 
modation. within the police 
station, is understood to com- 
prise a living room with a 
colour television set, a 
kitchen, a bedroom and a 

Mr Rchon can have his own 
food sent in. and have regular 
visits from his wife Terry and 
his two grown-up children 
from a former marriage. 

Mr Rchon's solicitor, Mr 
John Blackburn Giuings, said 
yesterday "As I understand il 
my client has perfectly accept- 
able accommodation. 

Had Mr Relton been re- 
manded to police custody he 
would have had to come back 
before the court in a week. As 
it is. he has been remanded on 
bail fora month. 

Police close to tracing 
bullion raid proceeds 

Scotland Yard detectives 
tracing missing gold from die 
£26 nrQfion Bnoks-Mat rob- 
ber)’ believe some of the 
bullion was turned into cash 
and invested to prodace profits 
of over £10 mil Con (Stewart 
Tradler writes). 

Senior officers now believe 
they are getting close to fresh 
arrests and may have traced 
the movement of more than 
£4 million from the robbery. 
The raid is thought to have 
been invested through various 
companies in property 
development in the Loudon 
Dockland area. - 

Mr John Dellow. assistant 
commiss ione r and overall 
head of CID. predicted poOce 
were dose to tracing the 
money .He was commenting on 
how the task force, set up 18 
months ago. was instrumental 
in revealing a multi-million 
pound network of companies 
and accounts used to launder 
money for big London crim- 

inals and organized crime 
syndicates in the United 

Mr Dellow said: “The 
amounts are vast —$112 mil- 
lion identified ia die first few 
weeks of the investigation in 
America. In this country oar 
inquiries are only just begin- 
ning. Over the long terra there 
are going to be many arrests.” 

Police tracing the Brinbs- 
Mat proceeds were led to 
accounts in the Isle of Man, 
British Virgin Islands, Ber- 
muda, AngmDa, Hong Kong, 
Singapore, Liechtenstein, 
Luxembourg, Switzerland and 
the City of London. Hundreds 
of shell companies and ac- 
counts are thought to have 
been used for cover. 

The Yard's work inspired an 
American investigation called 
Operation Man by the Drugs 
Enforcement Agency, which 
has already led to seven key 
arrests and forecasts that 
many more wifi follow. 


Women must take male pill 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

The most likely male 
contraceptive pill is one that 
the female partner will have to 
swallow, according to one of 
Britain's leading specialists in 
the development of new 

Professor Stephen Jeflcoale 
was addressing the XIVth 
Current Fertility Symposium, 
meeting yesterday at the 
Royal College of Obstetricians 
and Gynaecologists, in Lon- 

The greatest chance of roc- 
cess was with a drug that acted 
when sperm was at its most 
vulnerable stage of matura- 
tion, after ejaculation, in the 
female genital tract, he said, 
“so it would have to be the 
female who has to take the 
male pill”. That would not 
come before the year 2000, he 
added. Professor Jeff coate, 
from the Chelsea Hospital for 
Women, was explaining why 
so little pro gr es s was being 
made in producing a male pitt. 

Among the technical rea- 
sons be gave was that doctors 
knew much less about the 
reproductive physiology of the 
male than of the femme. 

He also blamed under-fund- 
ing of research, in spite of a 
recent increase in interest, and 
lack of interest .from the 
pharmaceutical industry. 

He divided the seanb for 
the male oral contraceptive 
into two main approaches: 
either prevention of the 
production of s perm, or inter- 
ference with its function. 
Some agents had both effects. 

But the first approach, of 
suppressing spermatogenesis, 
whether by ingesting a steroid 
pill or a method of vaccina- 
tion, had several drawbacks. 
The object of suppressing 
sperm numbers of 100,000 a 
minute, compared with one 
ovum a month, completely or 
to very low levels was an 
uncertain process. 

The different ideas for halt- 

ing sperm production rested 
on interfering in various ways 
with the normal levels of the 
hormone LHRH (luteinizing 
hormone release hormone) 
that regulated the process. 
However, other hormones, 
including the androgens which 
were the source of male sex 
drive, were also suppressed. 

So a contraceptive that 
reduced LHRH would need 
accompanying with androgen 
supplements. Another poss- 
ibility was to use a compound 
that could enter the testicles 
and neutralize the sperm. 

However, a powerful bio- 
logical barrier exists to pre- 
vent potentially harmful 
molecules from passing from 
the blood into the testes. 
Substances that could cross 
the barrier were likely to have 
vide side-effects for both 

Professor Jeffcoate said that 
left post-testicular methods, or 
slopping sperm working. 

Winners : 
will go . j 
on holiday ! 

Three readers share yesfor - } 
day's Portfolio Gold prize oft 
£4,000. , ; 

Mrs Yvonne Brown, aged; 
52, an audit clerk from ? 
Hitchiii, Hertfordshire, has ' 
played the Portfolio Gold * 
game “on and off” for the past : 
two months. ' ‘ 

“1 filled in my coupon so - 
early in the morning that I whs * 
not sure that 1 had got it right. - 
So I phoned in to check and t 
found that I was a winner. ~ 

Asked how she intended - 
spending her prize money, ■ 
Mrs Brown said: “Boringly on * 
a new kitchen. Interestingly on '■ 
a holiday.” 

Mrs Hilary Parsons, aged - 
37, a single mother from* 
Chelmsford, in Essex, has - 
played the Portfolio Gold 
game since it started. J 

Mrs Parsons said she would • 
spend her winnings on ' a * 
holiday in Canada. • 

The other winner is Mr M ' 
Bland from Clifton, Bristol. 

Readers who wish to play ■ 
the game, can obtain a Port-: 
folio Gold card by sending af 
stamped addressed envelope * 

Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, 

PO Box 40. 1 


BB1 6AJ. 

Mrs Parsons, who plans 
to visit Canada 

Man killed by 
cat bite 

A man who was bitten by a 
cat died from a “chance in< a 
million” infection because 
drugs be was taking for di- 
abetes and arthritis lowered 
his resistance to a germ most 
cats have in their mouths. ; 

At a Manchester inquest, a 
verdict of misadventure was 
recorded on Mr Ronald Fos- 
ter, aged 55, of Main wood 
Road, Timperley, Cheshire, 
who died a day after being 
bitten on the wrist. 

A nuclear 

Very soon, Britain has to 
make a decision about nuclear 

The Opposition want to 
bring it to an end, the Conser- 
vatives to press on. 

But amid all the claims of 
the experts and the lobbyists, 
the relevant facts are hard to 
sort out. 

Is nuclear power the Fifth 
Horseman of the Apocalypse, 
silent and sinister, spreading 
death? Or is it the cleanest, 
safest and cheapest means of 
providing for our future 
energy needs? 

In this weeks Spectator, 
William Shawcross talks to the 
people involved and takes us 
through the maze of conflict- 
ing argument. 

Which source of energy 

damages the environ- : 
ment most? Which i 
can Britain afford? 
What difference would any ; 
change make when France 
has sited so many nuclear 
power stations so close to us? ; 

William Shawcross sup- | 
plies the necessary' facts and ; 
points towards the answers. ■ 
Also in this week s 
Spectator, Frank Johnson 
recalls his heroic part in the | 
Suez campaign (as a boy at 
Shoreditch Secondary Modem), ?? 

while William Deedes remem- tf 

bers the scenes in Parliament i 
at the time. 

And Nigel Dempster 
gloomily predicts that Private •§ 
Eye will be finished before 
the end of the decade. 

It’s powerful stuff, for only j : 
a pound. 








J** ?*Wpv"- 

_ t 
• t 

- *5 



‘is bringing 


Ulster deal • Seamen blamed • Tebbitfury • BBC defended 


The Anglo-Irish agreement was 
fringing benefits to all sections 
.of the community in Nonhem 
Ireland, although there was a 
need for the Unionists to under- 
stand the merits and advantages 
Of iL Mr Tom King, Secretary of 
■State for Northern Ireland, said 
during question time exchanges 
in the Commons. 

.. He was critical of the lad that 
all Unionist MPs. with the 
.exception of Mr Enoch PowelL 
boycotted the House . 

Mr Michael Latham (Rutland 
and Melton. Q said that many 
people on this side of the water, 
including this Parliament, 
wished the agreement well and 
did not regard themselves as 
puppets of the Americans, 
.stooges or brain-washed col- 

•Mr King; The continuing ev- 
idence of the operation of the 
conference shows there is scope 
fqr closer co-operation and there 
.are benefits to be gained from 
.Uie objective of the agreement 
which is both reassurance of the 
majority community and re- 
assurance of the minority 
'community of their rights 
ryilhin the province. That has. 
'.-always been my position and 
£-t$ese are objectives which all 
tjteople of good will should share, 
■iljr David Winnfck (Walsall 
*J4orth, Lab): Is it not time we 
ȣ&w some Teal economic im- 
* wove men is in Northern Ire- 
land? Perhaps he will recognize 
*3tte abysmal economic situation 

One of the blest victims of 
^sectarian murder was Mr Ray- 
mond Mooney, a young man 
'■Who left behind four children. 
\He was an active member of my 
■’spiion and was slaughtered as he 
. 'came down the hall of the 
Jrtiurch where he was an active 
^-spcial and welfare worker. 
s \ On Saturday there is to be a 
tirade union conference in Bel- 
i-fesl to deal with all forms of 
' Sectarianism. Does he wish it 

HfcfrKJng: I strongly applaud the 
‘initiative of the trade unions in 
: -seeking to give a lead against 
■' sectarian intimidation and vi- 
olence from whichever quarter 
'*it may come. 

, J ' I hope the whole House will 
-join me in deptorinp any in- 
‘-vsbnees of sectarian violence, of 
.’•which there have been far too 

many in recent months, and any 
speeches that may incite what is 
obviously a serious and charged 
situation and which all too 
easily in Northern Ireland can 
result in sectarian outrages from 
both sides of the community. 

New investment in the prov- 
ince included inward in vest- 
ment last week by a Japanese 
company setting up new opera- 
tions. This and substantial 
investment in existing plants 
was the encouraging other side 
of the picture not always so 
widely reported. 

Mr David Nellist (Coventry, 
South-East Lab) said the reality 
was that the backlash against the 
agreement continued to claim 
lives. Far more hopeful was the 
fact that 4.000 Catholic and 
Protestant DH5S workers had 
staged a united strike against 
intimidation and that on Sat- 
urday the Northern Ireland 
Committee of the Irish Congress 
of Trade Unions was to hold a 
conference to unite workers. 

Mr King; 7 applaud the way 
workers, including those in the 
DHSS, have refused to be 
intimidated by paramilitary 
groups and have stood against 
intimidation from whichever 
extreme it might come. 

Forest. Qr'SSany- of us fee? that 
the sectarian murders and the 
intimidation are the con- 
sequence of the agreement 
Since the minister has spoken of 
benefits to follow, will he say 
how long we have to wait for 
those benefits? 

Mr King: It does not do him 
credit and the respect 1 have for 
him and his knowledge, for 
example, of the security situa- 
tion to suggest that there can be 
an overnight or instant im- 

Mr Enoch Powell (South Down, 
OUPk What does he regard as 
the prospect for the European 
Convention against Terrorism, 
the ratification of which was one 
of the promises which accompa- 
nied the making of the 

Mr Klqg: There is a debate 
taking place in the Dail the 
outcome of which will be signifi- 
cant in terms of the further 
progress of that ratification. I 
hope it will go forward shortly 
and we get it established. The 
Taoiseach and Irish Govern- 
ment have made dear their 
commitment to do just that 
Mr Sean Mallon (Newry and 
Armagh. SDLP) said there had 


! 4'-: 
f-tfU '■& ■ 

... -. 7 * 

Thatcher blames 
seamen’s union 
for shipping loss 

Mr Enoch Pdwefl (left) and Lord Orr-Ewing were among 

been 56 fatalities as a result of 
paramilitary activity in the year 
subsequent to the signing of the 
agreement, compared with 1 16 
in the year subsequent to 
Sunni ngdale. 

Of the 37 people who were not 
members of the security forces 
or the Provisional IRA killed in 
that period, most were killed by 
“loyalisT* paramilitary group- 

Mr Kins said he could confirm 
those figures. The level of 
violence was higher than it was 
last year, but that was part and 
recognition of the determined 
efforts from two parts of the 
community deliberately to seek 
to exploit the situation. 

Mr Michael Meadowcraft 
(Leeds West, L) asked what 
evidence there was that the 
a gr e em ent was achieving greater 
acceptance among the people of 
Northern Ireland. 

Mr King said be recognized that 
there was not acceptance and 
enthusiasm among the majority 

Among the minority commu- 
nity there was recognition of the 
determined effort made, which 
was part of the purpose of the 
agreement, to ensure that their 
entitlements should be rec- 
ognized and appreciated. 

There was a need for a ranch 
better understanding by the 
Unionist community of the 
merits and advantages which 
could flow from the agreement 

"The difficulty is that we 
cannot seek to examine the fears 
and concerns of people sot 
prepared to talk and who are 
not with one single exception 
(Mr Enoch Powell), even pre- 

pared to debate the issues in this 

Mr Peter Archer, chief Opposi- 
tion spokesman on Northern 
Ireland, asked if Mr King 
licved that the best way to fulfil 
the expectations of those who 
welcomed the agreement was to 
show that it would provide 
redress for some of their prob- 
lems and allay fears and that it 
was making a practical contribu- 
tion for people, whatever their 
political affiliations. 

Mr King said he was anxious to 
show ways in whidi things were 
being developed. 

Obviously transport costs 
were common to the whole of 
the island in terms of being 
competitive in world markets. It 
was important to have an 
efficient transport system across 
the Irish Sea. Developments in 
this field and others were being 
examined closely. 

Mr Jeremy Hayes (Harlow, Q 
said that Mr King should warn 
those people who were toying 
with the prospect of putting the 
bully boys on the streets of 
Belfast on the anniversary of the 

“They will be worthy only of 
the contempt of those they 
claim to represent" 

Mr King; I share the concern 
about some of the methods of 
the opposition exercised by 
some m their hostility to the 
Anglo-Irish agreement I have 
made dear my own support and 
my own belief in the union. 

That onion is made more 
secure by virtue of the recog- 
nition of the principle of con- 
sent; that the union cannot be 
affected against the wishes of a 
majority in Northern Ireland. 


Take a business executive, apply the physical 
and mental pressures that go hand in hand with 
working in todays competitive business world, 
and watch what happens. 

According to an increasing body of evidence, 
the way in which the stress factor affects 
employees will determine the difference between 
a company’s success or stagnation. 

BUPA believes that learning to recognise 
and cope with problems such as stress should be 
as much a part of company health care as a health 
insurance scheme. 

This is why we are currently sponsoring a 
series of symposia entitled “The Management of 
Health” which explores current health care 
practice and its effect on company* performance. 

At yesterdays symposium on “Stress and the 
City", senior management from many of Britain’s 
top companies were advised on the latest data 
derived from unique research commissioned by 

Statistics gathered from BUPAs health 
screening operations over a five year period were 
used to look at executive and employee health 
and its possible effect on company performance. 

Because we believe that our findings are too 
crucial to be ignored, we are making the dele- 
gates’ pack on “Stress and the City" available to 
any company with a telephone or postage stamp. 

If you would like a copy telephone Louise 
Watson on 01-353 5212 or write to her at BUPA 
Provident House. Essex Street. London 
WC2R 3 AX. I 


Britain feels better for it. 

Tory chief 
storms out 
of chamber 

Allegations made by Mr Dale 
Campbell-Savours (Work- 
ington, Lab) about interference 
with witnesses in the case 
brought by two Conservative 
MPs against the BBC would be 
answered immediately outside 
the Commons chamber, Mr 
Nomas Tebbit, Chancellor of 
the Duchy of Lancaster, and 
chairman of the Conservative 
Party, said before walking out 
while noisy exchanges on the 
subject continued. 

Mr CarapbeB-Savoars had ap- 
plied for an emergency debate 
on what be said was the need for 
an inquiry into evidence of such 
interference and The Speaker 
(Mr Bernard WeatheriD) bad 
refused to grant the application. 
Mr Tebbit then said: The allega- 
tions which Mr Campbell- 
Savours has made, not to the 
police but under the cloak of 
privilege, will be answered im- 
mediately by me outside with- 
out the benefit of the cover of 

As Mr Tebbit left the cham- 
ber, the first of a series of points 
of enter arising from the un- 
successful application was al- 
ready being made. 

The case, settled out of court 
this week, was a libel action 
brought by Mr Neil Hamilton 
(Tattoo, O and Mr Gerald 
Howarth (Cannock and 
Burntwood, C) against the BBC 
concerning' a Panorama . pro- : 
gramme, Maggie's ■ Militant 

Mr CampbeO-Saraurs quoted 
from wbat he said was a letter to 
Mr John Gummer, then chair- 
man of the Conservative Party, 
in November 1984 from the 
national Young Conservatives. 
He said the tetter claimed that 
the legal officer at Conservative 
Central Office, who he had since 
discovered was Mr David 
Mitchell, wanted the account by 
a member of a Conservative 
delegation which visited Berlin 
to adjust his version of events or 
lie low. Information had also 
been leaked 

“I was given this letter”, Mr 
Campbell-Savours said, “by a 
person close to the internal 
workings of Conservative Cen- 


The Prime Minister angered 
Labour MPS by placing the 
main blame fin* the decline m 
British shipping at the door of 
the National Union of Seamen 
for demanding more money and 
for maintaining restrictive, prac- 

The Government was accused 
of indifference to the plight of 
the Merchant Navy, but Mrs 
Thatcher said the Government 
was considering its position. 

Mr Robert Warring (Liverpool, 
West Derby, Lab) said during 
Prime Minister's questions: One 
of the fectors causing a deficit in 
the balance of payments is the 
loss to this country’s trade in 
terms of dipping. 

In 1979 we had 1,200 vessels. 
Now we are down to 600. We 
bad 80,000 seafaring jobs. Now 
we have 40,000. What is the 
Government going to do about 

Mrs Thatcher: One of the 
problems with shipbuilding the 
world over is that every country 
was giving subsidies and there 
are now two years' supply of 
ships swinging on the buoys. 

One problem is that the 
National Union of Seamen 
prices itself out of jobs (Labour 
shouts of “Rubbish” and some 
Conservative cheers). 

They always react in the same 
way to the truth. They priced 
themselves out of employment. 
Mr Donald Stewart (Western 
Isles, SNPk The problem of the 
shrinkage of the merchant ser- 
vice is that our competitors are 
assisting their merchant navies 
as against the indifference of the 
British Government 

Will die take on board the 

effect if the Merchant Navy, is 
not given assistance? 

Mra Ttatchcn We are consid- 
ering it carefully, but the main 
reason is that the National 
Union of Seamen demand sal- 
aries with restrictive practices 
whidi price themselves out of 
British shipping. 

Mr Neil 'Khmock, Leader of the 
Opposition, had earlier attacked 
government economic policy on 
the basis of the day’s balance of 
payments statistics. He said that 
while they showed a welcome 
improvement on the previous 
month, they were still in 'deficit 
this year for the first time since 
Britain had started receiving oil 

“The manufacturing trade fig- 
ures are the worn in history. 
Does she think she can combat 
this situation by raising interest 
rates, industrial ' costs and 
increasing home payments since 
that is the only economic policy 
she now has?" 

Mis Thatcher: The balance of 
trade figures today are better 
than last month's (Labour 

Exports have risen, which is 
good. One of the problems of 
securing a very good balance 
consists in keeping unit costs 
down and the biggest aggravat- 
ing factor is unit pay costs which 
are rising fester than they are 

Mr Kinaodc wanted to know 
whether the Prime Minister was 
announcing her intention of 
adopting some form of incomes 
control. Government had im- 
posed restriction on demand 
and put massive costs on in- 
dustry by its policy of high 
interest rates. 

Mrs Thatcher said that imports 
had risen because there was no 
restriction on demand. 

King denies terror 
interference claim 

Mr Tom King, Secretary ofState 
for Northern Ireland, denied a 
suggestion that Dr Fitzgerald, 
the Taoiseach, had claimed to 
have interfered in a case against 
alleged terrorists. 

Mr Harvey Proctor (Bfl- 
lericay. C): As co-chairman of 
the Anglo-Irish conference can 
Mr King confirm if there is any 
validity in Dr FitzGerald's 
claim that evidence to be given 
against alleged terrorists by 
Angela Whorisky was with- 
drawn by the Director of Public 
Prosecutions because of -re- 
presentations which Dr Fitz- 
Gerald had made in the Anglo- 
Irish conference? 

Could . Mr King confirm that 
Angela Whorisky did not herself 
withdraw any evidence and that 
the Irish Republic has not been 
given the right to interfere in the 
judicial proceedings in North- 
ern Ireland? 

Mr King: On the last part, of 
course not. No Irish minister, or 
certainly die Irish Prime Min- 
ister. would dream of daiming 
any such thing. 

“In respect of any individual 
case this is a matter fin- the law 
officers and the posecuting 
authorities. The Attorney Gen- 
eral is to issue a statement in 
this particular connection.” 

Minister defends BBC 
External Services 

tape recording between Mr 
Mitchell and a witness might be 
available to me. 

“This is an important matter 
because the activities of Mr 
Mitchell, who is bead of the legal 
office at Conservative Party 
headquarters have placed him 
in contravention of the law. It is 
a common law misdemeanour 
to obstruct, pervert or defeat the 
course of justice:" 

He said there should be a 
debate on this issue so that the 
Attorney General could answer 
demands for an inquiry. 

report on 
RUC delivered 

The first section of the report of 
the inquiry into the alleged 
“shooi-to-kilT policy of the 
Royal Ulster Constabulary, be- 
gun by Mr John Stalker and 
completed by Mr Colin Samp- 
son. was delivered to the RUCs 
Chief Constable yesterday, Mr 
Tom King. Secretary OfState for 
Northern Ireland, said during 
Commons questions. 

He would make a statement 
to the House as soon as possible 
after the second section of the 
report had been submitted. 


Content of overseas pro- 
grammes broadcast by the BBC 
was not a matter for the 
Government, but the BBC was 
required to be impartial, lady 
Yoang, Minister of State for 
Foreign and Commonwealth 
Affairs, said during question 
time in the House of Loras. 

Answering Lord Orr-Ewing 
(Cl as to whether the Foreign 
Office was responsible for mon- 
itoring the overseas service and 
was satisfied that ft gave a 
politically balanced view, she 
said: The Foreign Office is 
responsible for issuing and mon- 
itoring the grants-in-aid of the 
BBC External Services and have 
prescribed the languages and 
hours broadcast. 

The BBC however retains 
overall editorial control. It is for 
them to ensure that programmes 
are presented with due im- 

Lord Orr-Ewing: Clearly the 
Foreign Office -want to expand 
our overseas service and have 
monitored the expenditure of 
£91 million pounds and we are 
getting reasonable value for 
money. Are we sure the content 

Whitelaw apologizes 
for breach of rules 

By SheQa Gann 

Lord Whitelaw, Lord Presi- 
dent of the Council and deputy 
Prime Minister, has been 
forced to apologize to Lord 
Kennet an SDP peer, for 
breaking the rales of the 
House of Lords. 

Lord Kennet the Alliance's 
foreign affairs and defence 
spokesman, was refused per- 
mission fast week by Lord 
Whitelaw. as leader of the 
Lords, to pot down a private 
notice question calling for a 
statement on Reykjavik 

Instead the Government 
acceded to a later request from 
the Labour Party for a 

' Under standing orders Lord 
Ken net had die right to appeal 
to the chamber. But when he 
tried such an appeal last week 
Lord >¥hitelaw did not let him 

The breach of the conven- 

Lord Rennet, whose appeal 
was refused. 

dons of the House, whidi are 
stoutly defended. Jus brought 
to the surface the Alliance’s 
anger at what It sees as biased 
treatment by the Government- 
After a meeting with the 
Lords clerks, and a question 
on the convention by Lord 
Renton, a Conservative peer. 
Lord Whitelaw has written to 
Lord Kennet apologizing 

is re presentative of the broad 
view of Britain? 

In 1978-79 it was discovered 
that pro-Khomeini students in 
this country provided 
broadcasting tapes whidi were 
against the Shah and promoting 
Khomeini interests. Ought not 
an independent body see 
whether broadcasts overseas are 
true representations of wbat is 
happening in Britain? 

Lady Young: The Foreign Office 
are responsible for prescribing 
- the languages and hoars broad- 
cast by the external services; the 
BBC is required to consult the 
Foreign Office in pfenning and 
preparing external service pro- 
grammes in the national in- 

On the matter of the broad- 
casts at the lime oftbe fell of the 
Shah of Iran, that is a matter I 
wDl draw to the attention of the 

BBC and on which i can give no 

specific comment at this time. 
Lady Lleweiyn-Davies of Has- 
toe (Lab): One hears nothing 
officially or privately but praise 
for the world Service. The BBC 
give the real news impartially. 
Lady Young: There are an 
estimated 120 million regular 
listeners to the, BBC External 
Services, which is the largest of 
all external broadcasters. It en- 
joys a high reputation abroad. 

Next week 

The main business in the House 
of Commons next week Will bee 
Monday: Debate on Scottish 
National Party and Plaid Cymru 
motion on regional policy. De- 
bate on Opposition motion on 
changes in immigration rules. 
Tuesday: Deacons (Ordrnazkm 
ofWotnen) Measure. Felixstowe 
Dock and Railway Bill -and 
British Railways (Stands ted) 
BilL further consideration. 
Wednesday: Debate on West- 
land. ; 

Thursday and Friday: Lords 
amendments to Financial Ser- 
vices BilL 

The main business in the 
Hooseaf Lords will be: 

Monday: Financial Services 
BilL thud reading. 

Tuesday: Housing and Planning , 
BilL third reading. National ' 
Health Service (Amendment) 
BilL report stage. 

BilL Commons amendments. 
Pubtic.Ortier BHl. third reading. 
Tharsday: Education Bill and 
Salmon BjH. Commons am- 
endments. . 


v V • 

Geoffrey Smith 

How for does the latest 
Liberal statement on defence 
policy restore the damage 
inflicted by the Eastbourne 
conference? The most recent 
opinion poQs confirm that the 
Alliance is milikeiy to be taken 
seriously until that has been 

. The statement's essential 
merit is that it provides a basis 
for agr eement with the SDP 
without asking either die So- 
da! Democrats in general or 
David Owen in particular to 
compromise their fundamental 


Dr Owen’s basic require- 
ment has always been that the 
Alliance shoaldbe committed 
m principle to mamtaftting the 
British deterrent unless and 
until an international disarms- 
meat settlement nukes this no 

Mr Kerin McNamara (Hull 
North, Lab) asked Mr King to 
ensure that the figures given to 
him (Mr .McNamara) by Mr 
King's department about the 
increased in violence in the 11 
months after the signing of the 
Anglo-Irish accord, compared 
with the figures for the year 
before die accord, showed no 
real, significant increase apart 
from injuries. . - 

In terms of shootings and 
bombings they showed a 
marked decrease so. despite the 
hysteria from the extreme 
Provisionals and the extreme 
Unionists, there had been no 
material worsening of security. 
Mr King said it was true that in 
certain areas killings were at 
about the same level this yearas 
for the. whole, of last year. ! 
Against that, they were lower 
than some years ago. But he did 
not take any comfort for that 
because the figures were for to 

“The unstinting efforts of the 
security forces continue to 
achieve results'*, he told MPS 

So far this year, S21 people 
bad been charged with serious 
offences, and 170 weapons, 
15,700 rounds of ammunition 
and 3.400 pounds of explosives 
had been recovered. -' 

Gear enough 

This is new accepted m the 
liberal statement as ft was not 
in the Alliance Joint Commis- 
sion report this summer. The 
report declared that “no de- 
cision on whether and, if so, 
how British nuclear weapons 
should be nwwiraftiMl beyond 
Polaris can properly be made 
except in the light of* foar 
unknown factors. . . 

The liberal statement is not 
so eqnivocaL “We would”, it 
says, “maintain (with what- 
ever necessary modernization) 
oar minimum nuclear deter- 
rent m3 it can be negotiated 
away as part of a global arms 

does not say how the principle 
should be apptied when mod- 
ernization is required. 

I believe that is not only 
reasonable, but sensible. An 
opposition party ought to tell 
the country whether it would 
keep n British deterrent, hot 
nfly in office — with all the 
technical' assessments and 
costings available — could it 
be certain of the best means of 
doing so. : . 

“We are not gong to fight 
the election on particular 
weapon systems", David Steel 
wisely remarked at the press 
conference oa Wednesday eve- 
ning. The weakness of the 
statement is that it does not 
follow tins Hue of reasoning 
quite consistently. Rathg than 
staying entirely dear of the 
argument over weapon sys- 

“we would cancel 

with the SDP here. Dr Owen 
.has said the same thing all too 
often. But if tire Affiance does 
find itself sharing power after 
the next election it may dis- 
cover that by then there is no 
credible . alternative at a 
reasonable price. To say 
emphatically that the Affiance 
would both maintain a mini- 
mmn deterrent and abandon 
Trident may prove absurd. 

The liberal statement is 
more modest than the two 
Davids were a little while ago 
about European nuclear co- 
operation. But 1 doubt if there 
has been any change of sob- 
stance. The European mini- 
mum deterrent was always 
dressed op. to be more than it 
was in the hope of B»irfag a 
continued British deterrent 
more acceptable to the liberal 

That attempt having foiled, 
European co-operation is now 
presorted in a truer light The 
two Davids were talking about 
Anglo-French collaboration 
mi sneb things as targeting 
and proenremeot, but joint 
operational control of any 
successor to Polaris was never 
contemplated. AH tint has 
now been lost from the roncept 
is the camouflage. 

Bat ifthe British public is to 
be convinced by the Liberal 
statement ft WuL have to be 
persuaded not only that the 
policy is reasonable bat also 
that if is truly accepted by tbe 
liberal Party and that tike 
Affiance is therefore muted. 



White Paper 


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i • 

Shake-up in prison 

may be challenged 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

A new system of disci- 
plinary hearings of the more 
serious offences in prisons, 
proposed by the Government 
yesterday, may be challenged 
, by the European Convention 
0,1 u J?? n RishtSi according 
to tnc Prison Reform Trust. 

A While Paper says local 
panels of |ay adjudicators, 
forming a single, new prison 
disciplinary tribunal, should 
deal wiih the offences. 

But the proposals were con- 
demned yesterday by the trust 
and Nacro. the National 
Association for the Care and 
Resettlement of Offenders, as 
potentially unjust. 

The While Paper is in 
response to the report of the 
Prior Committee, which 
wanted the tribunal to sit in 
panels consisting of a legally 
qualified chairman and two 
lay members. 

A circuit judge would have 
been appointed president. 

The trust told The Times : 
“We expect that the European 
Court will be called upon to 
judge whether the new disci- 
plinary arrangements meet the 

test of independence, 
impartiality and fairness. 

“The new arrangements will 
not be separate from the 
Home Office as ' the Home 
Secretary will be appointing 
and training members of the 
new tribunals.*' 

It says that the Government 
has not accepted the idea of 
panels chaired by legally quali- 
fied chairmen because cases 
reaching them will not nor- 
mally be complex enough to 
justify such legal expertise. 

Ministers are also conscious 
of competing demands on the 
pool from which judicial 
appointments are made. 

But where there is a need for 
legal and procedural advice, 
arrangements will be made for 
its provision by a legally 
qualified clerk. 

■ The White Paper says the 
Prior Committee estimated 
that about 80 pan-time chair- 
men of panels would be 
needed to cover the 125 
Prison Department establish- 

At least 300 lay members 
would be required — “not too 

More Nazis living 
in Britain claim 

By Nicholas Beeston 

The Nazi-hunter who un- 
earthed the- names of 17 
alleged war criminals living in 
Britain, gave a warning yes- 
terday that further suspects 
“would definitely** be traced to 
this country in the near future. 

Mr Efraint Zuroft, the 
director of the Simon Wies- 
enthal Centre in Jerusalem, 
whose research of post-war 
immigration documents has 
uncovered war criminals in 
Australia and now Britain, 
predicted that the new ev- 
idence could identify “several 
hundred people around the 
world who never dreamed they 
would be caught". 

On Wednesday, Rabbi 
Marvin Hier. Dean of the Los 
Angeles-based centre, handed 
a dossier to Mr Donald Bal- 
tantyne. the British: Consul- 
General in Los Angeles, 
containing the names and 
some addresses of 17 people 
suspected of (he death of 
thousands of Latvians and 
Lithuanians. All the suspects 
are thought to be alive. 

The names have not been 
released and the dossier was 
being sent yesterday to the 
Prime ..Minister and Home 

A spokesman at the Home 
Office said he could not com- 
ment about the . disclosures 
until the papers arrived and 
were inspected. It is believed 
to be the first time that alleged 
Nazis hare been traced to 

Rabbi Hier made it clear to 
the Government that he wants 
(he suspects tried or deported 
to Israel. 

A spokesman for the Israeli 
Embassy said that it was not 
always Israeli policy to seek 
the extradition of war crim- 
inals, if they were tried 

Mr ZurolT said that the 
suspects emigrated to Britain 
between 1945 and 1950 in the 
flood of post-war refugees that 
swept over Europe. 

Some of the former Nazis 
had changed their names and 
attempted to cover their true 
identities, but “some were so 
confident of never being 
discovered they are still using 
their real names". 

The suspects, who include 
an SS battalion commander, 
are accused of taking part in 
the slaughter of 220,000 
Lithuanian Jews and 95.000 
Latvian Jews. 

war goods 
for auction 

By Robin Young 

Three shiploads of vehicles 
and heavy duty machinery* 
used to construct airfields in 
the Falkland Islands arc 
covering seven acres of Liver- 
pool dockland waiting to go 
under the hammer ■ 

Ninety per cent of the 
Falklands war surplus went 
out new to the islands in 1 9S3. 
Some of it has come back 
unused, having been kept in 
reserve throughout the con- 
struction work on the Port 
Stanley airstrip and the all- 
purpose airport on Mount 

Mr Roger Rimmer. manag- 
ing director of Boundary 
Want. Liverpool, is co- 
ordinating the sale. Buyers are 
expected to come from all 
over the world. 

Mr Tam Dalycll. the La- 
bour MP who has been a critic 
of Mrs Margaret Thatcher’s 
Falklands policy, said that he 
would be raising the issue in 

“1 ha\e been to Liverpool, 
and I understand that £10 
million is an underestimate of 
the value of this machinery. 

"If half the money that has 
been spent on this military 
requirement bad been de- 
voted to inner-city areas, the 
Centres of cities like Liverpool, 
Leeds and Glasgow would 
look a lot better for it.” 

13 accused 
over £20m 
drugs ring 

Thirteen people were 
charged at a court in Fort 
Lauderdale. Florida, yes- 
terday with running an inter- 
national drug ring which 
handled 4.5 tons of marijuana 
worth nearly £20 million. 

Police in Florida received a 
tippflf from Scotland Yard 
officers who wereinvestigating 
the Brinks-Mat robbery' ai 
Heathrow in 1983. In London, 
a married couple, the latest to 
be charged in connection with 
the £26 million Brinks-Mat 
gold bullion raid, were re- 
manded in custody fora week 
at Horscfcrry Road court yes- 

John Elcombe. aged 39. and 
his wife, Anne, aged 38, 
antique dealers, of Higham 
House. Old Chatham Road. 
Sandling. Maidstone. Kent, 
are charged with dishonestly 
receiving £710.000 cash pro- 
ceeds of stolen gold bullion. 

24 charged 
in cement case 

Twenty-four employees of 
the Blue Circle Cement Com- 
pany accused of conspiracy, 
were remanded on bail until 
November 20 at West London 
Magistrates Coun yesterday. 

They' are all accused of 
conspiring, to steal cement 
from the company • 

Tote wins court ban 
on private pools firm 

* . ■ . ■ . . _ _ n fL — - a. 

Britain's first private-enter- 
prise horse racing pools firm 
was closed down by a High 
Court judge yesterday. 

Mr Justice Potts granted 
the Horserace Tottlisator 
Board (the tote) an injunction 
banning Atlantic Racing Pools 
of Liverpool from organizing a 
pool on any recognized horse 

The injunction was granted 
s ft era 4 5- minute private hear- 
ing in London at which its 
lawyers argued that the Bet- 
ting. Gaming and Lotteries 
Act 1963 gave the tote a 
complete monopoly on racing 

Mr Stephen George, aged 
24, the chairman of Atlantic 
Racing, referring afterwards to 
the tote's own short-lived rac- 
ing pool, which closed down 
after 31 weeks in 1973, said: 
“They have shot us down 
because they cannot do h 

He said the pool had at- 
tracted ' as many as 3560 
coupons a week and had been 
launched with bis own savings 
of £2.000 and £7,000 from his 
partner. Mr Simon Formby, 
aged 27, the managing director 
of Atlantic Racing. 

He said: “Before we started 
we were both on the dole. Now 
we will bate to dose down.** 

many to prevent them from 
gaining reasonable experience, 
but not too few to make the 
fixing of sitting times too 
difficult and require loo much 

The. Government has ac- 
cepted that Boards of Visitors 
should'lose their disciplinary 

But the disciplinary role and 
powers of prison governors 
should remain substantially 

But Nacro said: “By losing 
remission in disciplinary hear- 
ings. prisoners can be kept in 
custody for lengthy additional 

“To allow a non-judicial 
body to impose such serious 
penalties shows a penny- 
pinching disregard for basic 
standards of j usiice.” 

And the trust says of the 
disciplinary panel: “It would 
have no legal expertise, nor 
would uniform standards of 
justice be brought to bear in 
different establishments." 

The Prison Disciplinary System 
in England and Wales fCmnd 
9920: Stationery Office: £3.80). 

repeat of 
pistol shot 

By Angella Johnson 

The Liberal councillor who 
brought mayhem to an east 
London -council m eeting when 
be fired a starting pistol into 
the packed chamber was 
unrepentem yesterday, ami 
said he would do so 

Mr Pierre Royan justified 
terrifying councillors and of- 
ficials of Hackney council 
because he said it was the only 
way be could demonstrate his 

objection to tbe : ruling Labour 
group inviting Sinn Fein repre- 
sentatives to attend the meet- 
ing on Wednesday night. 

■ “I was driven to it by the 
extreme action taken by left- 
wing Labour councillors in 
bringing IRA killers to Hack- 
ney on the pretext that they 
had the support of the local 
Irish community. 

“Initially I had tried to 
argue the point but when I 
stood up in the chamber the 
mayor ignored me and I was 
forced to take such a drastic 
step. If Ibis makes them aware 
just how horrific violence is 
then it will have been a good 

Mr Royan, aged 27, jumped 
into the central arena of the 
chamber as a Sinn Fien repre- 
sentative stood to address the 
meeting and brandished a 
pistol which be fired into the 

Mr Royan demonstrating yesterday how he fired the weapon (Photograph: Leslie Lee). 

Two more shots were fired, 
one at the head of Mr Andrew 
Pnddephatt leader of the La- 
bour group, before Mr Royan 
was grabbled by angry conn- 
cil/ors and the pistol wrestled 
from his grasp. 

It then became apparent 
that the starting pistol had 
only fired blanks. Mr Royan 
had bought it from a focal 
sports simp earlier in the day 
for £49. 

Mr Royan, who is half Irish 
and half Jewish, is no stranger 

to controversy since his elec- 
tion but May for the 
Moorfields ward. 

In July he was ejected from 
the council chamber after 
calling the mayor, Mr James 
Holland, a Fascist. Two days 
la ter he was again forcibly 
ejected after giving a Nazi a Conservative coun- 
cilor. Mr Joe Lobenstein, a 
Nazi concentration camp sur- 

This latest outburst could 
result in his being perma- 

nently barred from Hackney 
Town HalL 

Labour councillors have de- 
scribed his actions as 
“madness", and are in- 
vestigating whether there are 
any legal obstacles to such a 

The town hall workers 
belonging to the National and 
Local Government Officers* 
Association are supporting the 
call for a ban. 

Police have not decided if 
charges will be brought 
against Mr Royan. 

Bar seeks; 
status for 
law unit 

By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs 

The Bar has asked the 
Charity Commission for char- 
itable status for its Free 
Representation Unit, whereby 
banisters act without charge 
for people who cannot get 
legal aid. so funds can be 
raised to expand the service. 

Last year the unit handled 
nearly 1.000 cases, involving 
£500,000 worth of claims. 

It operates mostly in indus- 
trial and social security appeal 
tribunals, although it has alk> 
taken on cases before other 
tribunals and the Criminal 
Injuries Compensation Board: 
and is now involved in about 
S per cent of all industrial 
tribunal cases in the London 

The unit has existed for its 
15 years on a small annual 
budget of £15,000 from the 
Bar’s governing body. 

But the increase is Bur from 
enough, according to an article 
in this month's Bar magazine; 
Counsel . “To pul it bluntly, 
the unit is a victim of its own 
success", the article say's. 

“So long as the Government 
refuses to provide legal aid for 
representation at admin- 
istrative tribunals, those who 
cannot afford legal representa- 
tion and who have no trades 
unions to support them either 
go unrepresented or come to 
an agency like the unit." 



450,000 POLICIES 




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Ministers. choice of cheap feres, me 

But Britain is determined to ing those that would no Uy 
try to reach some kind of have the traditional hi; 

Britain gets tough in 
drive for cheaper 
European air fares 

By Harvey Elliott, Air Correspondent 

Britain is preparing to gel of the council, and is pushing people must stay a Saturday 
tough in its attempts to gain hard for the package to be' night- 
greater freedom for airlines adopted at the next planned Bui, he said, “there is no 
within Europe. meeting of ministers on question of the United King- 

Mr Michael Spicer, the November 10. dom agreeing to any arrange- 

Aviation Minister, issued a “ft represents a realistic first w . hi< * 

warning yesterday that he slep towards total liberal- d* Pf ,nc, P* e that atmnes 
would use existing legislation nation ” Mr Spicer told an Air mu ? 1 “ aWe tommpae on 
to force British airlines to Finance Journal conference in "“J 0 *" We 0 ifL,?r} 

comply with competition London. going 10 *8° a ^f eerae *“ 

laws. . . .. which we consider does not 

His statement reflected the Unless the council can satisfy this basic principle. . 
Govemmenrs growing frus- Of something very *Th e alternative, and, in 

tration with the lack of *^ e - ,l have no aher- our view, much less preferred 

progress towaids liberaliza- rauve b * t0 ""ft J" 1, approach, will be for the 
lion of air feres and routes own machinery, under Article European Commission and 
within Eurooe. lbe treaty, to scrutinize individual member stales to 

Talks aimed at improving md apply with their full rigour the 

competition and allowing fESSSi TLiJ 1 oompeWiMi tides of the 
lower fares within Europe *hf TrawofRome. 

appear to be floundering as reference t0 ^ ^ reaty °* Hard evidence existed of 
some nations opposed to lib- ” ome - the benefits of greater min- 

eralization continue to fight a Mr Spicer said agreement petition m airferes ana or 
package of measures being put could be reached to allow liberalization. “The challenge 
to the European Council of airlines to offer a greater now is bow best to move 
Ministers. choice of cheap feres, indud- towards a genuine internal 

Fair ban 

market for air travel within 
the whole of the European 

liy IU I Cavil BUIIIC MIIU U I U1V uaviuuuoi — r ~ c T r .. 

agreement while still president restrictive requirement that Community, Mr bpicer saia. 

Tunnel ‘disaster’ 
for Waterloo 

By Martin Fletcher, Political Reporter 

The Channel tunnel will 
lead to an extra 20 million 
passengers a year passing 
through Waterloo station, five 
mill km more Hm« the annual 
total forGatwkk airport, MPs 
were told yesterday. 

The result would be the 
devastation of that area of 
south-east London. 

Lambeth council, giving ev- 
idence to the select committee 
examining the Channel Tun- 
nel Bill, railed for a fall public 
inquiry before the station was 
approved as die tunnel's 
London terminal. 

The council also churned 
that British Rail had failed to 
consult it on plans which 
include a substantial expan- 
sion of the existing station, 
with five new platforms, new 
car parks, new customs and 
immigration facilities, and a 
widening of railway lines out 
of the station. Hie necessary 
land would be compulsorily 

Mr Robert Colenntt, chair- 
man of Lambeth's pfenning 
committee, said that the huge 
influx of passengers, an in- 
crease of np to 48 per cent on 
present levels, would stretch 

Underground sendees to the 
limit and mean an additional 
23,000 taxi, car and coach 
arrivals daily. 

Pointing to the effect on 
Victoria of fewer titan three 
million ferry passengers, be 
said that the terminal would 
lead to irresistible pressure for 
hotels, goest houses, souvenir 
shops, offices, travel agents 
and restaurants in the vicinity, 
thus ove r t ur ni ng the council's 
aim of giving priority to local 

Hie development “would 
transform the present charac- 
ter of the Waterloo area, and 
have serious adverse effects on 
the present community.'' 

The select committee will 
next week hear more than 100 
petitions from local groups 
and residents opposed to the 
use id* Waterloo. 

Outside the hearing Mr 
Colenntt said: “London mast 
be given the chance to avert 
what promises to be the pfen- 
ning disaster of die decade - 
only a foil and proper public 
inquiry will allow os to do 

BA denied 
flights to 

British Airways has been 
refused a licence to fly to' 
Botswana as part of the 
airline's contingency plans to 
beat any future air sanctions 
against South Africa (Our Air 
Correspondent writes). 

The Civil Aviation 
Authority ruled yesterday that 
the airline would have to ask 
for a specific exemption if it 
wanted to mount an emer- 
gency service. 

The authority has, however, 
granted an application by 
British Caledonian to fly to 
Gaborone, the capital of Bo- 
tswana, starting next ApriL 
Hie authority said: “The case 
put forward by British Air- 
ways for a Gaborone licence 
was intrinsically different 
from British Caledonian's in 
that they hoped never to have 
to use it" 

The ruling came after a 
week-long public inquiry, 
much of which was held in 
camera when British Airways 
had successfully argued that 
their evidence was too sen- 
sitive politically and economi- 
cally to be heard in public. . 

British Airways refused to 
comment on the decision 

Mr D M Wolfe Jnr, from 
North Carolina, with some of 
the nine Shetland ponies be 
bought for £7.000 when he 
attended Britain's biggest sale 
of the animals at an auction in 
Reading this week. 

Mr Wolfe, manager of a 
stud farm for mwiatnre 
horses, also bought the small- 
est pony for export, which 
stood only 21 inches high 
(Angella Johnson writes). 

MPs accused 
by Powell of 
failing in duty 

Mr Enoch Powell last night 
accused a Commons select 
committee of dereliction of 
duty in failing to investigate 
his claims of American 
involvement in Ireland's af- 
fairs (Martin Fletcher writes). 

Hie Ulster Unionist MP. 
who suggested last weekend 
that Americans were behind 
the 1979 assassination of Mr 
Airey Neave. told a meeting in 
Co Down the Foreign Affairs 
committee bad been 
“astonishingly backward in 
investigating these matters". 

Sir Anthony Kershaw, 
chairman of the committee, 
yesterday described the con- 
spiracy theories as. “absolute 

More titan 280 ponies from 
all over the country came 
under the hammer, raising 
about £43,000. They wfl) ei- 
ther be used for breeding or 

* The ponies, including 27 
from the Shetland Isles, ap- 
peared In the central ring at 
Reading cattle market Six 
hundred boyars from Europe 
and the United States had 

been attracted for toe event 

The most expensive buy was 
a 10-year-old cbesnnt mare 
which was bought by a stud 
farmer hi toe Netherlands for 
825 guineas (£866). 

A black-and-white Skew- 
bald foal town in May gained 
the highest bid for a filly and 
went to a breeder in Haverfold 
West Wales, for 88 guineas. 

Thimbleby and Sborlandthe 

Advertising war 

organizers, said they were 

delighted with toe success of 
the eighteenth Shetland Pony 

A hoarse-voiced Mr Mi- 
chael Kimber, who had 
shouted the biddings from 10 
am until 4 pm. whispered: “It 
was a great day because there 
were so many exceptionally 
good ponies on show." 

Photograph: Mark Pepper 

The traditional annual sale 
of wild Exmoor ponies at next 
week's Bampton fWr In 
Devon has been banned for 
the first time in 128 yews after 
protests from animal welferc 

^Tteban comes after a battle 
between animal protection 
groups, ihr town council, and 
the auctioneers who havebeen 
accused of selling dying ponies 
and keeping- them in sub- 
standard facilities. 

Mrs Dec Ivey, a eommface 
member of the Horse and 
Pony Protection Association 
and the Dartmoor Livestock 
Protection Society, said she 
was delighted with fhc ban. 

“For many years animal 
protection societies have been 
very concerned -about the 
inadequate facilities for pen- 
ning. selling, sorting and load- 
ing the pomes/' she said. 

Mrs Ivey said that 99 per 
cent of the ponies sold at the 
fair had never had contact 
with humans. "Then they are 
suddenly transported in lor- 
ries which terrifies them.* 1 

The Royal Society for toe 
Prevention of Cruelty to Ani- 
mals described the accom- 
modation of ponies at 
previous annual sales as 

Bampton Fair is one of the 
institutions of the West of 

England, and the first mention 
of It in history appears to be 
during the reign of Henry III. 

Youth denies 
assault and 

i 1*1 j 1 1 u aooauii auu 

Arch rivals at loggerheads knife charges 

By Jonathan Miller, Media Correspondent 

Britain's leading advertising 
men have taken a break from 
selling toothpaste to take jabs 
at each other. 

Saatchi and Saaxchi, Brit- 
ain’s largest agency, with 
billings in 1985 of £180 mil- 
lion. yesterday took out full- 
page advertisements in The 
Times. The Doily Telegraph 
and The Independent to re- 
spond to the assault launched 
on it the day before by J 
Walter Thompson, the second 
largest agency with billings of 
£155 million. 

“Being attacked by JWT is 
like being savaged by a dead 
sheep," Saatchis said, pointing 
out that it has won 46 mqjor 
creative awards in the last 
three years, co mpare d with 
five won by Thompson. 

The advertisement warned 
Thompson of the golden rule 
in the use of “knocking” copy: 
“Don't do it if you're vulner- 
able yourself.” 

The advertisement, be- 
lieved to have cost Saatchis 
about £40.000, was m reply to 
a £ 1 6.000 Thompson 
advertisement in The Finan- 
cial Times on Wednesday, in 
which it claimed to be growing 
faster than Saatchis. 

It said Thompson had 
brought in £45.2 million in 
additional billings this year, 
against Saatchi's £28 million. 

In a reference to Saatchis 
recent problematic ac- 
quisition of the Ted Bates 
agency, which has resulted in a 
sharp fell in Saatchis share 
price. Thompson reminded its 

arch rival that advertising is 
about “selling, not buying". 

Mr Jeremy Bull more, chair- 
man of Thompson, - said yes- 
terday that he ordered the 
advertisement to be run “be- 
cause we're getting business 
on merit, not with a cheque- 

“If our advertisement was 
like being savaged by a dead 
sheep, one wonders why they 
spent £40,000 responding to 

He also claimed that the 
dead sheep line was not even 
original saying it was first 
used by Mr Denis Healey, 
when he was Chancellor of the 
last Labour Government in 
reply to a parliamentary attack 
by Sir Geoffrey Howe. 

Mr Ben Gillick, aged 18, 
was remanded on bail at East 
Delloe Magistrates' Court. 
Lincolnshire, yesterday on 
charges of assault and possess- 
ing an offensive weapon. ; 

Mr Gillick. of Wisbech, 
Cambridgeshire, denied 
assaulting Mr Scott Crcwjon 
and also carrying a sheath 
knife tost August 23. 

A charge against Mr 
Crowson, aged 18. of West 
Walton. Norfolk, of assaulting 
Mr Richard Backer, a friend of 
Mr Gillick, was withdrawn. ~ 

Heart death 

A heart-lung transplant pa- 
tient. Mrs Veronica Atkinson, 
of Sterling Avenue. Jarrow, 
Tyne and Wear, died yes- 
terday at Hare fetid Hospital in 
wesl Londcm. to iui.« . 



fgflBX&igi Made in Britain but that's where toe 

jtfkrTYJryJ nationalism stops, “The Wadd This 

1-4*7/ yL Wsek* p rese n t s world events from a tndy 

* * h ! * / international point of view. 

3 • , • 5 V " ('/a 

m JSSr df p rese n t s world events from a i 

fwJ / point erf view 

° _ 0 f / J fl • At 10.00 every Sunday morning, get 
a complete perspective on the planet 
y^T. you live on, without the Sag waving. 

! ? • 9 V_ * 
? ?> -••a"- j 



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At 8.15 each Friday, new presenter 
Nick Ross and his team give a deeper 
insight into toe world of polities 
than even a live broadcisr from 
Westminster can. 

5.15 on Sundays should be permanendy 
fixed in the minds of all those with an interest 
in finance, industry and the Gty, 

Over toe weeks ‘The Business Programme wifi 
cover events like the ‘Big Bang,' takeover 
i bids, in fact all the storks that make 
B the headlines in die business world. 

Each week a major political, 
sodal or economic subject 
is seen from an acute angle. 

At 8 JO on Wednesday, 
will you see eye to eye or 
be eyeball to eyeball with 
your TV screen? 

With in-depth coverage of ■ 
toe main story of toe day, regular 
features on toe Arts, Science 
and Industry and its penetrating . 

journalistic style. ChsuuwK . 
News compares favourably with' 
an hour long read of a quality 
broadsheet. Card) ir every 
evening » 7.00. . .. 


At 6.30 every Thursday, the only programme of hs 
w™ gives its weekly ujxbre on toe fabric id die unions. 

Even if you're not one of the nine million workers ' ‘ 

under the banner of a union, it still makes sense 
to say ‘Aye* and watch. 

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Soviet envoy to 
Iceland recalled 

«Bem!nrf?sS *?* **“ TC « ]Bcd to MOSCOW 
se ^? u 9? y m disgrace, diplomatic sources «a»d- 

wJSJlKIIE Kosarev « «8«l «7, apparently feO fool of die 
rE““ •** ""^firaieiits be made for Mr Mikhail 
uorbacbov s visit to the island for bis October 11-12 
summtwitb President Reagan, they 

^°5 e W* Ministry has confirmed that Mr 
Koarev is Mdjag fos posting after only two years. Officials 
M»d they were pezzled by his recall. He was expected to 

55 m/T years * ^ j^erpretation by diplomats was 
S? Mr Kosarev was blamed for the bad rtmmg of 
GwM^anivalM October 10. ^ 

V nUkc . Pns*dcnt Reagan, the Soviet leader was not 
wefoomed on arrival by the President and Prime Minister 
pecawe they were busy at the formal opening of the 
tsIaocTs paruament. Only die Foreign Minister met Mr 
Gorbachov at the airport 

Iranian suicide 
squads claimed 

A dissident Iranian group yesterday that 

Ayatoflah Kho meini's regime is oper ating at least three 
terrorist centres in Iran to train suicide squads (N icholas 
Beeston writes). 

Quoting witnesses, the National Movement of the 
Iranian Resistance said in a statement released in f ondoa 
that one c a mp was situated hi Tehran and two others were 
based in Ker m a n s h ah, in the western region of thecoaratry. 

The orga niz a tio n, which supports the former Prime 
Minister, Mr Shapoor Bakhdar, said the terrorist centre in 
Tehran was in a top-secret wing at Erin Prison. Two other 
camps at Kermanshah were homed at Cbega Nargas and 
Sarab Nelofor and accomodated ap to 34)00 mew. 

Blast at Reactor 

Hess jail closures 

Bonn — An explosion in 
an office bunding at West 
Berlin's Spandaa - Jafl, 
where Rudolf Hess, the 
former Hitler deputy, t$ 
serving a life sentence, 
early yesterday caused a 
lire but burr no one (John 
England writes). 

A telephone call to a 
news agency in West Berlin 
later claimed the explosion 
was the work of a “Libera- 
tion Commando Rudolf 

Hess, now aged 90, has 
been Spandau’s sole pris- 
oner for the last 20 years. 
The French are at present 
in charge of the jafl. 

Stockholm — Sweden is 
now likely to dose down its 
12 nndear reactors in the 
next 10 years as a result of 
the Chernobyl disaster. A 
report recommending the 
10-year sbotdown was pre- 
sented yesterday to the 
Energy Minister, Mrs 
Birgitta Dahl, by the State 
Energy Authority (Chris- 
topher Mosey writes). 

If accepted by Par- 
liament, and there is every 
indication it win be, 1990 
will replace the present 
deadline of 2010 for a 
Swedish nndear shutdown, 
as agreed in a national 
referendum in 1979. 

Doctors go back 

Dhaka — Hundreds of patients queued np at Bangladesh 
hospitals as doctors ended a 17-day strike foDowing a 
government promise to provide jobs for all newly-qualified 
medical graduates, hospital sources said. 

They said that during negotiations the Health Minister, 
Mr Safehuddin Qnader Cboodhnry, also said he would 
consider demands for promotions for doctors and reopening 
of medical colleges, shut last week because of the strike. 

More than 100 students at Dhaka and Rangpor medical 
colleges also ended a hunger strike yesterday. They had re- 
fused food and drink for four days in an attempt to force the 
Government to accept their demands. 

Military studies 

Pelting (Renter) — China and the United States have 
agreed to send armed service officers to study at each 
other's military schools, a Western diplomat said. 

He said that Pelting and Washington had c onfirme d a 
“general agreement" on the exchange during a risk to 
China by the US Defence Secretary, Mr Caspar 
Weinberger, earlier this month. Details of the exchange 
were still under discussion, he said. 

Social Credit hold 
British Columbia 

From John Best, Ottawa 

The Sociai Credit Party- 
(Socreds), led by a Dutda-bom 
immigrant fighting his first 
election as Premier has won 
an important victory in 
Canada’s west-coast province 
of British Columbia. ■ 

The Socreds, a right-wing 
partv which has held office in 
British Columbia for 32 of the 
last 35 vears. took 49 seats in 
the 6£scai provincial leg- 
islator against 20 for the left- 
wing New Democrat Party 

The result on Wednesday 
was a personal triumph for Mr 
William Vander Zalm. who 
took over the Socred leader- 
ship and with it the premier- 
ship this July from Mr 
William Bennett 

Mr Vander Zalm, aged 52, 
who was bom in Nocrdwyker- 
hout The Netherlands, and 
came to Canada after the war. 

campaigned on little more 
than his widely-acknowledged 
charisma and sunny smile. 

The NDP, led by Mr Robert 
Skeily. an earnest, somewhat 
dour former school teacher, 
also fighting his first campaign 
as party leader, focused on 
such issues as heavy un- 
employment and cutbacks in 
government social pro- 

But the British Columbia 
voters were obviously more 
impressed — and definitely 
more entranced — by Mr 
Vander Zaire’s sunny op- 

In British Colombia politics 
has long been polarized be- 
tween the hard left and hard 

In the last provincial elec- 
tion. in 1 983, the Socreds won 
35 seats, the NDP 22 seats in a 
57-seat legislature. 

Opposition boycotts 
Ershad ceremony 

From Ahmed FazL Dhaka 

President Ershad took the 
oath of office as the ninth 
President of Bangladesh yp- 
lcrday afternoon, a week after 
he was credited with a ■‘mas- 
sive victory" in a presidential 
poll which was not contested 
by major opposition parties. 

’President Ershad. aged 56, 
who seized power in a 1982 
coup, was sworn in by the 
country’s Chief Justice at the 
President's Palace in central 
Dhaka before an audience 
which induded army generals 
and top civil officials. 

Sheikh Hasina Wazcd. lead- 
er of the opposition in the 
Parliament, elected last May, 
boycotted the ceremony along 
with 100 other opposition 

Heavily-armed riot police 
guarded citv streets and roof-, 
tops near the palace. Truck- 
loads of police and auxiliary 
forecs were deployed at the 
central Baitul Mukarram 
Square w here three opposition 
parties called rallies to protest 
the inauguration, which they 
termed as a ‘‘black day for 

An estimated 15.000 people 

attended the demonstrations 
as leaders of the Awami 
League and the Bangladesh 
Nationalist Party (BNP) de- 
manded President Ersbad’s 
resignation, calling the poll a 

-We do not accept a farcical 

S oil” Begum Khaleda Zia, the 
NP leader said. “Our cam- 
paign against martial law will 

Police at up barricades to 
prevent slogan-chanting 
crowds blocking cars of guests 
returning from the palace 
ceremony. Eyewitnesses re- 
ported scuffles as dem- 
onstrators tried to break 
through the cordon. 

Earlier in the day. the ax- 
nionih-otd Council of Min- 
isters »ns dissolved. 

President Ershad. a former 
infantry commander who 
trained in India, retired as 
army chief last August. He is 
the second army ruler to be 
elected president in the 
country’s turbulent 15-year 
bisiorv. which has seen two 
heads’of state killed and four 
others toppled or fired. 

Reagan seeks a Californian swing 

From Michael Binyon 
Los Angeles 

Nothing could be sweeter to 
PrendentReagan in his sixth 
year of office — the traditional 
start of a feme-dock presi- 
dency — than a spectacular 
political victory in his home 
state of California. 

Not only would a Repub- 
lican win m toe coming Senate 
elections be n welcome politi- 
cal boost, but the capture of a 
long-standing Democratic seal 
in America's most populous 
and influential state would be 
of enormous psychological im- 
portance nationwide. And the 
Republicans might just do it 

At stake is the seat Senator 
Alan Cranston, a canny 72- 
year-old liberal, has held for 
the last 18 years — a record 
term for Cafifonna. 

Mr Ed Zscfian. his chal- 
lenger, Is anambitiousnuddle- 
of-tbe-road Republican 
congressman, who survived 
internecine fighting to capture 
his party's nomination, and fe 
now closing the gap with Mr 

Latest polls put him about 
five percentage points behind; 
bis own campaign pollsters 
have just delivered him a 1.5 
per cent lead, and he has the. 
wind behind him in the hectic 
last two weeks of campaigning. 
With one of the lowest turn- 
outs in years expected — well 
below 50 per cent — Repub- 
licans are hoping many Demo- 

Senator Cranston: fending 
off c h a l lenger Mr Zschaa. 
cratk voters will stay at home. 

The issues in California bofl 
down to the question of 
liberalism. t 

. For Californians, have 
swrag wildly from the conser- 
vatism of Governor Ronald 
Reagan to the treodiness of 
Governor Jerry Brown and are 
now back in a conservative 

. Mr Zschau is making it a 
law-and-order campaign, em- 
phasizing the grow i ng concern 
about the changing face of 
California, a state where vast 
n limbers of im mig ran t es- 
pecially from Mexico, Latin 
America and the Far East; 
have transformed Los Angel- 

e&Fears of rising crime and 
new concern over drags have 
combined with a xenophobic 
hn-Muah to give strength to 
the right wing, especially on 
such issues as terrorism and 
tbe death penalty. 

• . There is overwhelming 
opposition to tim state’s Chief 
Justice, Judge Rose Bird, 
because of her persistent re- 
fusal to implement the death 
penalty. Mr Zschaa is calling 
for her to be ousted ami 
accuses Mr Cranston of back- 
ing her. 

Mr Cranston, whose liberal 
roots go back to the 1930s 
when, as a young journalist, he 
published an imexparoated 
edition of Mein Kampf and 
was sued by Hitler, has moved 

with the rimes. 

Long supported by the 
powerful Jewish community 
because of his backing for 
Israel, he led the opposition to 
the arms sales to Saadi Ara- 
bia, and is making much of Mr 
Zschao’s waverings oa foreign 
policy issues that are .im- 
portant to conservatives: the 
MX missile, anti-satellite 
weapons, sanctions against 
South Africa, aid to tbe Nica- 
raguan Contras, and, of 
course, aid for IsraeL 

But foreign policy issues 
never win state electrons. Polls 
show, and this election like so 
many others is orchestrated 
according to the polls, that 
Californians are most con- 

cerned by illegal drags, fol- 
lowed by toxic waste and law 

On the first and third, 
liberalism is not in vogue. On 
tbe proposal to restrict toxic 
waste dumping the Repub- 
licans have got out of this 
Democratic trap by pointing to 
the glaring exemptions for 
municipalities in tbe proposaL 

California's very size means 
that most campaigning is con- 
ducted on television, especially 



when the two candidates were 
in Washington during tbe 
Congressional session. 

■ “A political rally in Cali- 
fornia,” said Mr Cranston's 
campaign consultant, "con- 
sists of three people around a 
television set" 

The political advetisements 
are sharp and often negative. 
Mr Cranston broadcasts the 
“Zschau flip-flop update" 
while Mr Zschau hammers his 
opponent's alleged softness on 
drags and terrorism. 

Even President Reagan’s 
endorsement of Mr Zschau 
has an edge to ft. 

“It's not that Alan Cranston 
is too old," he says, “his ideas 
are too old.” 

Mr Zschaa makes much of 
his appeal to tbe younger, rich, 
conservative generation, so 
typical of California and 
President Reagan's 
AmerkaJhit be had to ward 
off charges of liberalism. 

Tbe far right bitterly op- 
posed his nomination and an 
ABZ (Anyone But Zschau) 
group threatened to with bold 
its votes when be won. 

Only Mr Reagan's enthu- 
siastic endorsement, and some 
conservative trimming by Mr 
Zschan, together with the 
appeal to afl loyalists to get 
Mr Cranston out of die Senate 
has rallied tbe disaffected 
right behind the Republican 

Mr Cranston Is confident 
his record and ability to 
deliver for California frill poll 
him throagfuHis liberalism 
has not prevented vigorous 
lobbying on Capitol Hill for 
tiie state's high-tech and aero- 
space interests. 

He is typically Californian, 
even in the addiction in old age 
to exercise and fitness, being a 
former international athlete 
and congressional speed cy- 
cling champion. 

In the end, money wfl] 
probably decide tbe race. Both 
have formidable war chests of 
about $8 million (£5-5 million) 
each; enough to blitz the state 
with hourly television 

Mrs Botha meets Russian 

From Michael Hornsby 

Mrs Elize Botha, President 
Botha's wife, yesterday paid a 
surprise visit to Mr Vladimir 
Novoselov, the Russian air- 
man believed to have piloted 
the ill-fated plane in which 
President Machei of Mozam- 
bique died on Sunday. 

She had been visiting dis- 
abled soldiers in a Pretoria 
military hospital but made a 
detour to see the Russian 
airman in the intensive care 
ward. She held his hand and 
gave him a bowl of flowers. 

Speaking from his hospital' 
bed where he is recovering 
from his injuries, Mr Novos- 
elov told a Russian-speaking 
South African journalist that 
he could not remember “too 
clearly" what happened, and 
that he blacked out just before 
the crash. 

He did not want to talk 
much about the crash “in case 
of repercussions from the 
authorities” in Mozambique 
or the Soviet Union. 

The interview was con- 
ducted during Mrs Botha's 

The journalist, Mr Bart 
Marinovicfa. told The Times 
that Mr Novoselov seemed 
“confosed and frightened”. 
He said nothing to substan- 
tiate earlier reports that he had 
alleged that the aircraft had 
been “shot at”. 

Although Mr Novosekrv 
talked yesterday as if he was 
the pilot of President MacheTs 
plane, the list of passengers 
and crew released by the 
Mozambique Government 
shows him as bring the flight 
engineer. The captain and co- 
pilot of the aircraft, also 
Russians, died in the crash, 
according to Maputo. 

“I hear they are blaming me 
for the accident. 1 do not think 
it was my fault, but 1 don't 
want to say anything in front 
of all the press and cameras,” 
Mr Novoselov said. 

Mrs Elize Botha, President Botha's wife, at the bedside of the Soviet pilot yesterday. 

“The fan that fhad to belly- 
land tbe plane was a remark- 
able achievement. I don't 
know how I did it, but I 
managed to save the life of 
some of the passengers and I 
think that's a wonderful 
achievement I can’t remem- 
ber too dearly wbat happened. 
I think my flying instincts 
must have taken over." 

Mr Novoselov, who suf- 
fered head injuries .and a 
fractured thigh in the crash. 

has been visited by his wife, 
Nadezhda, and by Mr Nikolai 
Karpenko, the Second Sec- 
retary in the Soviet Embassy 
in Maputo. Pretoria has no 
diplomatic relations with 

The Government’s Bureau 
for Information announced 
yesterday that Soviet and 
Mozambican officials who are 
to take part in a preliminary 
investigation into tbe cause of 

the plane crash will arrive at 
the South African border town 
of Komatipoort from Maputo 
this morning. 

Meanwhile, police used tear 
gas to break up what they said 
was an illegal meeting by 
about 1,000 students of ail 
races, but mostly blade, on the 
campus of the University of 
Witwatersrand yesterday to 
mourn the death of President 

Mozambfqqe: The men in the running 

10 contenders for 
Machei succession 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

Mozambique is likely to 
remain for some time without 
a dear successor to President 
Machei killed in fast Sunday's 
plane crash, while the remain- 
ing 10 members of the Politi- 
cal Bureau, tbe highest 
Frelimo party organ, jockey 
for position. 

The picture will . certainly 
not become any dearer, dii>- 
lomats in Maputo say. until 
after the state funeral of 
President Machei which is set 
for next Tuesday. All that is 
certain is that tbe new presi- 
dent will be one of the 
Political Bureau members. 
There is no obvious successor. 

Mr Joaquim Chissano, the 
Foreign Minister. Mr Mar- 
edino dos Santos. Secretary of 
the Permanent Commission 
of the People’s .Assembly (Par- 
liament), Mr Mario Mach- 
ungo. the Prime Minister, 
General Alberto Chipande. 
the Minister of Defence, and 
Mr Armando Guebuza, Min- 
ister in the President's Office, 
are considered to head the list 
of contenders. 

Most observers tip Mr 
Chissano. who has held the 
foreign affairs portfolio since 
independence in 1975. as the 

He is now the second most 
senior member of the Political 
Bureau, and well known 
abroad. He was Prime Min- 
ister in the nine-month transi- 
tional government prior to 

A dose friend of tbe late 
President Mr Chissano is 
regarded as pragmatic, and 
not among the hard-fine 
Marxists, but he also took no 
part in any of the negotiations 
that led to the signing of the 
Nfcomau non-aggression ac- 

cord with South Africa in 
1 984. That could stand him in 
good stead in the current 

The most senior man in the 
party hierarchy, now that Mr 
Madid is dead, is Mr Dos 
Santos. Two years older than 
Mr Machei who was 53, be 
was one of the co-founders of 

As Secretary of the Perma- 
nent .Commission of the 
People's Assembly, he holds a 
position that, formally, ranks 
immediately below the presi- 
dency in the state.hietarchy. 

The post of Prime Minister 
was created earlier this year. 
Tbe man who now holds the 
position, Mr Machungo, is 
another former Minister of 
Economic Planning, who was 
sidelined after the 1983 con- 
gress. He became Governor of 
Zambezia province until bro- 
ght back to Maputo 

In addition to being Prime 
Minister, be is also the senior 
Central Committee secretary 
in overall charge of economic 
affairs. He occupies a low 
position — one from the 
bottom — in the Political 
Bureau, however, and is 
considered to have only an 
outside chance of succeeding 
President Machei 

General Chipande is third 
in tbe party hierarchy. He was 
Minister of Defence once 
before, but after the 1983 party 
congress was -put out to pas- 
ture as tbe governor of the 
northern province of Cabo 
Delgado. He was brought back 
to Maputo and the Defence 
Ministry in the April re- 

A dark-horse contender for 
the presidency is Mr Armando 

Pretoria says suicide to 
blame for cell deaths 

mig — .P 
have died in South African 
prisons in the last 24 hours, it 
was disclosed yesterday (Ray 
Kennedy writes) 

Mr Xoluso Johannes Ja- 
cobs, a Coloured man, aged 
20, was found hanging by his 
shirt from the bars ofms cell at 
Upmgton, in the Northern 
Cape Province. He had been 
detained under state of emer- 
gency regulations. 

Tbe Prisons Department 
said he had committed suicide 
and that an investigation had 

been ordered. 

A second man, a convicted 
murderer who was not named, 
committed suicide in his 
death-row cell at the Pretoria 
Central Prison, officials said. 
It was not revealed how he 

The Detainees' Parents Sup- 
port Committee said yes- 
terday it was “horrified” by 
Mr Jacobs' death. 

A spokeswoman said: “This 
becomes the 80th death in 
police custody since 1963. We 
hold the police responsible.” 

look for 
SDI accord 

From David Watts 

.. A Japanese mission will 
leave for the United States 
early next week in search of a 
Strategic Defence Initiative 
(SDI) agreement more flexible 
and open than those reached 
with Britain and West 

The mission will involve 
the Defence Agency, the Sci- 
ence and Technology Agency 
and the Ministry of Inter- 
national Trade and Industry. 

The delegation will be try- 
ing to ascertain how much 
SDI technology Japanese 
firms wiB be able to use 
commercially, the flow of SDI 
information and which tech- 
nology will be classified. 

A Foreign Ministry official 
yesterday made it dear that 
Japan could not be a party to 
the classified agreements 
reached with the Europeans. 

The price of Japanese 
participation must be “a very 
liberal usage of the fruits of the 
research” m the market place, 
as part of a pact which will he 
made public 

But the official acknowl- 
edged that the kind of 
preferential treatment that Ja- 
pan is seeking would create a 
dilemma for the United 

This is because Tokyo must 
make the details of the agree- 
ment public “as is the Japa- 
nese practice with inter- 
national agreements”. 

The principal attraction of 
SDI for Japanese firms is tire 
chance to keep abreast of 
American technologies, which 
can be used in the private 

Most of the Japanese com- 
panies involvedare a little 
nervous about the resulting 
damage to their public images 
if they are seen to be dealing in 
a solely military project. 

But they are also concerned 
that their SDI contributions 
could be suddenly classified 
by the Pentagon. 

Japan has no intention of 
strengthening its present leg- 
islation to protect secret SDI 
technology, according to the 

Id the early stages of SDI 
discussions it had appeared 
that a new anti-espionage law 
would be required but the US 
Administration said later that 
would not be necessary. 

Mr Yasuhjro Nakasone, the 
Prime Minister, maintains 
that Japan is a “paradise for 
spies” and is seeking to pro- 
mote a new anti-espionage 





From Christopher Thomas 

President Reagan signed 
documents yesterday that will 
establish a distribution net- 
work for S 100 million in mili- 
tary and non-military aid to 
the Nicaraguan Contras — mo- 
ney that the Administration 
hopes will raise the battered 
guerrilla army from its demor- 
alized, ineffective state. 

The documents, believed to 
include an executive order 
and classified national sec- 
urity directives, were the last 
ingredients necessary to set 
US Government money flow- 
ing again for the first lime in 
nearly three years. 

American involvement in 
the war against the left-wing 
Sandinisia Government is be- 
ing dramatically escalated, 
both by the resumption of aid 
and by new congressional au- 
thority to the Central Intelli- 
gence Agency to become in- 
volved in establishing covert 
supply lines to the rebels. 

Contra leaders in the 
United States say the assis- 
tance will enable them to arm 
thousands of additional 
troops, boosting their num- 
bers well beyond the current 
estimated level of about 

The rebel force was essen- 
lialy an American creation 
from the outset and until Con- 
gress cleared the way for aid 
renewal some months ago it 
seemed in danger of disinteg- 
rating, with enormous social, 
economic and political con- 
sequences to Honduras, the 
poorest country in Central 
America, which secretly per- 
mits the rebels to live in rough 
jungle camps dose to the Nic- 
araguan border. 

The US has given its bless- 
ing in recent years to several 
private groups of former mili- 
tary men which raise money 
for the Contras and train them 
in guerrilla warfare. The case 
of Mr Eugene Hasenfus, the 
American mercenary captured 
by Nicaraguan troops this 
month while running guns to 
the Contras, has drawn atten- 
tion to the Administration's 
policy of encouraging private 
military operations against the 
Sandinisia Government. 

Clandestine US-based sup- 
plv operations clearly exists 
with official blessing, if not 
offidal involvement. Groups 
admitting to assisting the Con- 
tras include the World Ami- 
Communist League, headed 
by Mr John Singlaub, a retired 
army major-general. Civilian 
Military Assistance, which has 
sent training personnel to 
central America and the Air 
Commandos Association, bas- 
ed in Florida and headed by 
Mr Harry Aderholt, a retired 
Air Force general. 

There is at the very mini- , 
mum an arms-tengih relation- 
ship between those groups and ; 
the Reagan Administration. 
President Reagan has praised : 
private fund-raising efforts 
and said be was “inclined not 
to interfere with them”. 

Other countries may be . 
involved in aiding the rebels. 
An American businessman 
was quoted by The New York 
Times this week as saying he ! 
had been asked by Saudi * 
Arabia to funnel funds to the 
Nicaraguan rebels. He said the 
approach was made by Prince ■ 
Bandar bin Sultan, the Saudi ; 
Ambassador to the US. 

He said he had been told the 1 
involvement of Saudi Arabia 
stemmed from the 1981 US ; 
agreement to sell it Awac ra- • 
dar intelligence planes. The . 
Saudi Embassy in Washington • 
denied any involvement. ; 

During the past few years 
US intelligence officials have .* 
been well informed about * 
what the private groups have 
been doing. 

• NEW YORK: The United 
States yesterday told the UN 
Securitv Council that the . 
Hasenfus trial in Nicaragua 
was a “kangaroo court” and 
said he had been denied due I 
process (Reuter reports). 





. t 

*. ,d 

Cairo’s 99 chapters baffle importers 

From Robot Fisk 

Yob can no longer import 
frozen aqoarnra fish into 
Egypt - and that’s official. 
Nor will Egyptian Customs 
officials any longer allow Jeru- 
salem artichokes, railway fog 
signals, travelling post offices 
or mechanical singing birds 
into the country. 

Anyone who doabts this has 
only to read through the Min- 
ister of Economy's decree 
Number 333 of Aagnst 21, 
1986, a new volume of import 
regulations of sock propor- 
tions - it has 99 chapters - 
that businessmen are saying it 
coaid take Customs officers 99 
years to understand ft. Even 
Egyptians cannot comprehend 
some of the Arabic words in 
the text 

Cabinet Ministers laboured 
for 15 months to bring forth 
this mountain of feramascy, 
a document which says almost 
as much about Egypt's eco- 
nomic problems as any report 
by the International Monetary 

Egypt's finances are crum- 
bling and, like so much else in 
Egypt, the new decree is 
supposed to replace an even 
more frustrating system of 

import restrictions under 
which Customs officers as- 
sessed the taxes of indmdual 
imports on a case-by-case ba- 
sis as they arrived at Cairo 
Airport or at the Alexandria 

Customs authorities in Eg- 
ypt — like so many other offi- 
cial institutions here — have 
long been a law unto them- 
selves. Hie business commun- 
ity in Cairo still tells the 
unproved but equally undented 
story of how the Egyptian Air 
Force placed an emergency 
order with the US Defence 
Department for a spare wing 
to an FI 6 fighter-bomber. The 
wing, so it is said, immeffiately 
arrived at Cairo Airport — 
where it was duly impounded 
for two months while infuri- 
ated generals fought to extract 
it from the Customs 

It is not difficult to see why 
President Mubarak and his 
Cabinet are desperately anx- 
ious to curb imports. 

They not only have to 
staunch the flow of bard 
currency out of Egypt but they 
must protect the often inferior 
products of local industries; 
which is why railway bridges, 
rolling stock and pnsou 

coaches can be found on the 
new fist of import restrictions. 

At first, forefen business- 
men welcomed the regulations 
— anything, they said, would 
be an improvement on tbe 
cumbersome Egyptian import 
rationalization committees 
which spent months deciding 
the taxation to be levied on in- 
dividual imports. But they 
have since discovered that 
white Customs duties, which 
are paid in Egyptian currency, 
have been lowered from a 
maximum of 250 per cent to 
110 per cent they are now 
billed at 135 Egyptian pounds 
to tbe US dollar — the official 
exchange rate — rather than 
tbe previous and concession- 
ary 70 piastres. 

They have also found that 
the implementation of the new 
laws do not match the inten- 
tions behind it Not only are 
Customs officers at the airpmf 
demanding “bakshish” and 
other bribes at traditional 
rates to dear imports, but in 
some cases — to quote an 
American businessman who 
understandably did not wish to 
be named — they simply have 
not been trained to cope with 
the long lists of restrictions. 



been p fling up at the airport >• 
because the officials there are ” 
incompetent" he said. ‘ 

Nor is it surprising. A (3 
glance through the massive ' ^ 
tome with which all Egyptian q > 
Customs officers are supposed ' 
to be equipped shows that - **< 
restricted goods range from >2 
the exotic to the useless. 

How, for instance, can one 
explain tbe ban on fireworks »*jj 
(110 per cent duty) and “rain ’ft 
rockets” (30 per cent), on t-g 
leather hat-boxes (60 per 
cent), imported sanitary towels 
(85 per cent) and stmblinds ■'«.* 
(110 per cent), even on “old X 
clothing” (30 per cent)? V 

The more astute observers 
of Egyptian bureaucracy have ^ 
discovered that the origin of 
the import regulations is Bel- 
gram- and that in some cases, l X. 
officials here have simply 'M 
translated French into Arabic V 
without considering its mean- X 
ing- $ 

Egyptian newspaper car- ’ * 
toonists have had a field day, > 
depicting 'the lines of innocents £’ 
waiting at the airport for 1 - 
Customs officials to translate 
their own instructions. 

As usnaL it seems, it is the X 
foreigners who are to blame. . n 

Do not waste time on trifles, for time is money: 

The Texan billionaire Haroldson Hunt realised this and . 
gave up smoking cigars in his office for the simple reason that, 
“1 wasted $300,000 a year just in the time I spent unwrapping 
and lighting them”. 

Emulate Einstein’s approach to trivial tasks. He used to 
wash and shave with the same soap, claiming that to use two 
kinds would “complicate life needlessly”. 

(You could take this a stage further by following Frederick 
the Great, who went years without washing at all — but only if 
you have an office to yourself.) 

fie quick to spot when your time is being wasted. A young 
composer came to play the great Rossini two pieces he had 
written, in order to see which he preferred. 

Half-way through the first piece, Rossini interrupted him. 
“You need not play any more,” he said T prefer the other one.” 

If you can do two things at once, so much the better 
Theodore Roosevelt conducted conferences while being 
shaved by the White House barber — and Catherine de Medici 
gave audiences on state business as she dressed 

It is unlikely however; that you will match the dexterity of 
the playwright f. M. Barrie. 

When he lost the use of his right hand, he practised 
writing with his left to keep up his work. Later, his right hand 
recovered — by which time he was so skilled with his left that 
from then on he used both at once, writing dialogue with his 
right hand and stage directions with his left. 

There must be many people who would give their right 
arm for such a skill today 

Occasionally you may find that you have to cut a few 
comers to get a job done on time. 

The golden rule in such circumstances is simple: don't 
get caught 

One man who failed to get away with it was the composer 
and pianist Percy Grainger 

After he had given a rendering of Grig’s ‘Ballade’ to an 
audience on Long Island, New York, he was accused of having 
shortened it He had to admit it was true. 

1 dropped six pages out of the middle so 1 could catch the 
4.58,” he said. j©* 

Taking your telephone off the hook and consigning your 
paging device to the depths of Britain’s underground waterways 
will free you from many unwanted interruptions — but you will 
still have to deal with the inevitable plague of personal callers. 

The best way of doing this was demonstrated by our 
ambidextrous playwright, J. M. Barrie. 

A reporter once turned up uninvited on his doorstep and 
greeted him with, “Sir lames Barrie, I presume?” 

“You do,” retorted Barrie, and shut the door in his face. 

If such abruptness should strike you as being unacceptably 
rude, however, follow the example of lohn Ruskin, who 
forestalled unwelcome visitors by sending out the following 

“Mr. J. Ruskin is about to begin a work of great importance 
and therefore begs that in reference to calls and correspondence 
you will consider him dead for the next two months." 

jipCB 4 15 

•V&ao act 

At the end of every working day- the British field marshal 

Harold Alexander would tip all the letters remaining in his In 
tray into his Out tray Eventually his assistant asked him why 
“It saves time,” explained Alexander “You’d be surprised 
how little of it comes back.” 

Yet this method of dealing with correspondence appears 
ultra-cautious when compared with that of Rita Hayworth. 

A friend once found her working her way through a pile 
of letters, tearing up most of them unopened. “StopP he cried. 
“There may be cheques in there!” 

“There are,” replied Rita, unperturbed. “But there are bills 
too. I find they even up.” 

Procrastination, like all other long words, is the thief of 
time — and therefore to be avoided 

Similarly there is no need for tautology as it is quite 
unnecessary while jargon is of non-positive utility vis-a-vis the 
temporal optimality of information-communication. 

Aim instead for the brevity of this note sent by a schoolboy 
to his father 


(He was asking for money incidentally) 

Or, if you are replying to a letter bear in mind the Spartans 
of ancient Greece. They received a message from their enemies, 
the Athenians, which read: 

“Unless you meet our conditions, we shall wage war on you 
and, if we defeat you, shall ravage your country raze your cities 
to the ground, slaughter your menfolk and enslave your women 
and children.” 

The Spartans, being formidable warriors themselves, 
simply replied: “If . . . T 

Reading and writing business reports can be a time- 
consuming affair — unless you are like Ike. 

During his first term of office, Eisenhower appointed 
Arthur Bums as his first chairman of the Council of Economic 

At their first meeting, Bums suggested that he should send 
the president a memo outlining a plan for organising the flow 
of economic advice to the White House. 

“Keep it short,” said Ike. T can’t read” 

“We'U get along fine,” smiled Bums, “i can’t write.” 
fa the end, the two cut out the paperwork altogether by 
settling on a one-hour weekly conference of the council and 

8. Higjvspeed.gas, 

Meetings are without doubt the biggest waste of time in 
business life — for when all is said and done, there is always far 
more said than done. 

Where possible, adopt the practice of Henry Ford who 
used to visit his executives when a problem arose, rather than 
call them to his own office. 

T go to them to save timer he explained “I’ve found that 
I can leave the other fellow’s office a lot quicker than I can get 
him to leave mine.” 

Another way to speed up your meetings is to set strict time 
limits beforehand — whatever the importance of the person you 
are to talk to. 

When the German Kaiser met Theodore Roosevelt after 
the funeral of King Edward VU, he asked him to call on him the 
next day “at two o’clock sharp — for 1 can give you only 
45 minutes” 

T will be there at two,” replied Roosevelt, “but unfortunately 
I have just 20 minutes to give you.” 

. Irving Thalbeig, the U.S. film producer, was usually so busy 
that his working hours were double- or triple-booked — with the 
result that people often had to wait for hours in his ante-room 
before they could see him. 

When the Marx brothers came to talk to him about ‘A 

Night at the Opera’, however, they refused to waste time 
sitting around 

Groucho, Chico and Harpo each lit two fat cigars arid 
began puffing smoke through the crack around his door 
Eventually Thalbeig rushed out. “Is there a fire?” he 

shouted ‘ • 

“No, there’s the Marx brothers,” the three replied, and 

marched into his office. **** 

Delegating tasks to others is often the key to getting things 
done quickly 

(Consider Robinson Crusoe, who always got his work done 
by Friday) 

The quality of the finished work need not be impaired; 
after all, the great Flemish artist Rubens often emptoyed less 
gifted men to help him out 

By the time he was thirty he had more orders for paintings 
than he could cope with on his own — so he allowed others to 
prepare his canvasses and paint in the foundation details, while 
he merely applied the finishing touches. 

Do not hesitate to seek outside help whenconfrotfed with 
a problem which is cleariy beyond you. 

General Electric of America once suffered a breakdown in 
a complex system of machines and spent ages trying (without 
success) to locate the fault themselves. 

Eventually they called in Charles Steinmetz, an electrical 
engineer who had retired from GE some time previously 

Steinmetz spent a little while walking around, testing 
various parts of the machinery Finally he took a piece of chalk 
out of his pocket and marked an X on a particular spot. . 

The machine was stripped down — and the GE men were 
astonished to find that the defect lay precisely where Steinmetz 
had made his mark. 

There is a further point to this story though: you must be 
prepared to pay the price for such expertise. 

When General Electric received a bill from Steinmetz for 
$10,000 a few days later, they protested about the amount and 
asked him to itemise it Steinmetz duly sent back an itemised bill: 

“Making one chalk mark :.. $ 1 

Knowing where to put it... $9,999” 

12. The time machine. 

Always use the fastest office equipment available to you — 
such as the LQ2500, the-new 24-pin dot-matrix printer, from 

It shoots along at an amazing 270 characters per second in 
draft — and at 90 c.p* in correspondence-quality mode, it will 
certainly help you make short work of all your business letters. 
(See again section 6.) 

The print quality of the LQ2500 is equally sharp, for it has 
IDS letter-quality fonts built in. Furthermnw rhanmnn lutuuiu. 

, ,vu 6“v wuoiucw wi M&aiaiig sonware . 

commands; to choose a new typestyle, you simply press one or 
two buttons on the LCD ‘Selectype’ panel on the front 

The LQ2500 comes with a powerful 8K buffer as standard 
to allow your computer to get on with other tasks while it is - 
printing. (See again section 2.) 

, ® ! ^°. mpatib ^ also , come s ^ standard - and of course, 
theUI2500 is every bit as reliable as you would expect an 

Yet it costs only £995 (RRP exc. VAT) - with theopdon 

of 7-colotw pnntmg for a mere £60 extra (RRPexc. VA1T " 

i ■ ,f™ er lr ^? nT) . at ’°n, "then write to Epson (U.K.) : 

Limited, Freepost, Birmingham B37 5BR; call upPrestel * 280 #- 
or dial 100 and ask for Freefone Epson. - * 

And see again section 9. ’ ,, - 



l , 

Euro-MPs call 
for extra VAT 
to dispose of 
farm surpluses 

From Richard Owen, Strasbourg 
A European Parliament re- on the grounds that na tional 

port yesterday proposed a 
special EEC fund for the 
disposal of farm surpluses to 
be financed by extra VAT 
contributions from the 1 2 

The idea found widespread 
support From Euro-MPs 
alarmed by ihe EEC's growing 
budget crisis, which is rapidly 
veering out of control, largely 
because of the spiralling cost 
of storing agricultural over- 

Spain and Portugal, who 
only joined the EEC this year, 
argue that surpluses for which 
they are not responsible must 
not adversely affect structural 
funds for the Iberian nations. 

The report suggests that 
only the pre-enlargement EEC 
of iO should contribute to the 
special fund. It calls for direct 
income aid to fanners as well 
as increased structural funds 
as part of the reform of the 
Common Agricultural Policy 
which the Council of Min- 
isters "has not so far had the 
courage to undertake”. 

In a more controversial 
passage the report, by Senor 
Enrique Baron Crespo, a 
Spanish Socialist, suggests 
that the EEC budget shortfall 
could be made good by a 
transfer to EEC coffers of 
national road and petrol taxes. 

This received less support. 

governments would firmly re- 
sist any such transfer of their 
tax-gathering powers to Brus- 
sels. British Conservative 
MEPs also insisted that any 
future budgetary arrange- 
ments must preserve the hard- 
won British rebate, agreed at 
the . Fontainebleau summit 
two years ago. 

The Bar6n Crespo pro- 
posals come at a time when 
the EEC is desperately search- 
ing for a wa y out of the 
impending crisis over the 
1 987 budget which, because of 
farm spending and a backlog 
of regional and social com- 
mittments, is likely to over- 
run by several billion pounds. 

Earlier this week the Centre 
for European Policy Studies, a 
Brussels think-tank, suggested 
that farm spending should be 
hived off in a separate budget. 

In a related report yesterday 
Frau Magdalene Hon, a West 
German Socialist, proposed 
speedy export of farm sur- 
pluses to avoid storage costs. 
Frau Hoff said storage costs in 
1 984 amounted to £2 million, 
and the cost of selling off 
surpluses on the world market 
would be £3 million. The Hoff 
report said greater. account 
had to be taken of market 
forces when farm prices were 
fixed, and products such as 
cereals should only go into 
EEC stores as a last resort. 

Greek envoy escapes 
Beirut kidnap bid 

Beirut (Reuter) — The 
Greek military attache in 
Lebanon escaped a kidnap 
attempt in Muslim west Beirut 
yesterday by speeding away 
from a pursuing vehicle, em- 
bassy sources said. 

Two gunmen tried to kid- 
nap Colonel Georges Pap- 
aioannou shortly after he and 
his Lebanese driver crossed in 
his car, with Lebanese number 
plates, from Christian east 
Beirut to the west. 

"1 am blond and look like a 
.foreigner,” Colonel Papaio- 
jnnou said shortly after he 
escaped. “I was speeding, 
trying to keep them behind me 
to stop them frdm intercepting 
my car by moving right and 
left in the same lane. 

"I only stopped in the 
parking lot of my apartment 
hlock and the pursuing car 
stayed outside the building 

. . . They waited for a while 
then left” 

It was the first reported 
attempt to seize a Greek 
diplomat in Lebanon where 
some 22 missing foreigners are 
believed to have been 

The Portugese Ambassador, 
Senhor Louis Conzaga Fer- 
reira. yesterday informed 
President Gemayel that bis 
country was dosing down its 
embassy for security reasons. 
• Clashes intensify: Fighting 
between Shia Muslim militia- 
men and Palestinian guerrillas 
intensified yesterday after 
night-long battles and a guer- 
rilla attack around tbe 
Palestinian refugee camp of 
Rashidiyeh in southern leba- 
non (Juan Carlos Guinucio 

Reports from Tyre said nine 
people were killed in the 



The rate of interest charged for loans on private dwellings 
for owner-occupation, whatever the size of the loan, is now: 

Repayment 12.375% —Typical APR 134% 
Endowment 12.375% —Typical APR 13.1 % 


1. The rates of interest charged an existing loans subject to 
7 days’ notice will be increased from 1st November 1986. 

2. Borrowers will be advisedofthe effects of the above 
change in due course. 

1 Borrowers with mortgages subject to other periods of 
notice will receive written notification ofambr change. 

Full written details of the Society's mortgag e facilities are 
available from your local branch or the address below. 


With effect from 1st November 1986 the following rates of 
interest will apply to invesonent accounts both new and 

Net Rate 





Annua! Interest 

Nonthty Interest 

925 % 





£500 up to £1.999 
£2.000 up to £4.999 
£5.000 op to £9.999 
£10.000 plus 











Up to £2.499 
£2500 up to £9.999 
£ 1 0,000 up to £24.999 
£25.000 plus 







1 1.39% 










Interest rates for Corporate Investments. SpedaJ Deposit 
IS^t^iooPfcreand Additional Volunuuy 

Contributions available on request. 

Interest rates on aU other accounts are increased by 0.75% 
with the exception of SAYE accounts which remain 

■ Where Income Tax «5 paid at a basic rate of 29%. 




abbey national building society, 


East German guards arriving to stop an American gr affi t i artist, Mr Keith Harmg, from painting the Berlin Wall pear Checkpoint Charlie yesterday 

Shamir appoints Arab mayor 

From fan Murrary 

Another Arab mayor has 
been appointed by Israel to 
serve in the occupied West 
Bank, this time in the tiny 
town of Anabta, north-west of 

The appointment of Mr 
Tahar Hijazi, the former dep- 
uty who resigned from the 
town council in 1982 when 
Israel dismissed the elected 
mayor, was undoubtedly ap- 
proved after consultation with 

It indicates that Mr Yitzhak 

Shamir, as Prime Minister, 
means to carry on tbe attempt 
started by Mr Shimon Peres to 
form a new moderate leader- 
ship in the occupied territories 
capable of undermining the. 
Palestine Liberation Organ- 
ization (PLOX 

Thai attempt, according to 
some Western diplomats here, 
was an important reason for 
last week's grenade attack on a 
group of soldiers near the 
Dung Gate of the Old City in 
which one civilian died and 69 
people were injured. 

Support for tbe PLO, shown 

in a poll published last month 
by al-Fajr, the Jerusalem 
Palestinian newspaper, runs at 
93 per cent in the occupied 
territories. Nobody doubts 
that the PLO has massive 
support among Palestinians 
from the West Bank. 

King Husain of Jordan's 
efforts to find $1.5 billion (£l 
billion) to spend improving 
the qualify of life in the 
territories over the next five 
years and the American and 
Israeli encouragement to any 
alternative leadership, has 
been seen as a potential threat 
by the PLO; 

Italian deputies vote 
for a pay Increase 

Rome — Members of the 
Chamber of Deputies have 
voted themselves a pay in- 
crease and more' expenses- 
(Peter Nichols writes). ■ 

The 630 deputies gave 
themselves the new benefits 
without wailing for a report 
from the special Joint Com- 
mission of the two Houses, 
which is studying the issue. 
Senator Giovanni Malar, 
ti. Chairman of the Joint 
immiuee, has resigned on 
the grounds that the party 
leaders made decisions on 

subjects still officially under 

The innovation which is 
regarded as most surprising is 
that by which secretaries will 
be paid for by the state from 
1 987. Each deputy will receive 
£1,000 a month for secretarial 

AJf deputies will now re- 
ceive a net income of some 
£39,000 a year. They have also 
voted to introduce a life 
1 insurance scheme, with bene- 
fits of- £165,000 payable on 
deaths •• 

bars US 
trip by 

From Roger Boyes 

The Polish authorities have 
turned down an application 
from Mr Lech Walesa to tra- 
vel to the United States today, 
despite a last minute attempt 
to whisk him to Los Angeles 
for an award ceremony. 

A private plane stood by in 
the West - having been rous- 
ed entry to Warsaw Airport — 
and an official of the Califor- 
nian John Roger Foundation 
commuted anxiously between 
Warsaw and Gdansk. But the 
Solidarity chairman will riot 
be at the dinner tonighL 

Mr Walesa was declared one 
of three winners of the John 
Roger Foundation ‘•integrity” 
awards this year. He has 
refused to travel to the West 
unless Polish authorities guar- 
anteed that he could return. 
The Government has never 
given the guarantee, but Mr 
Walesa decided to attempt the 
trip in any case. 

One of his aides went to thfc 
passport office in Gdansk oh 
Thursday to collect the docu- 
ment. but officials there said 
that Mr Walesa had not 
completed his application 
properly and would have to re- 
submit the forms. 

Although neither side 
would admit it publicly, the 
collapse of the travel plan is 
almost certainly a relief to the 
authorities and Mr Walesa. 
The Government would not 
be happy about the inevitable 
meeting between President 
Reagan and Mr Walesa — 
especially as the US could 
then claim it was lifting eco- 
nomic sanctions as a result of 
Solidarity's intervention. 

' But the Government did 
not want the stigma of reject- 
ing Mr Walesa's plans. • 


im-n i 


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Honecker visit 
to Peking 
heralds renewal 
of party links 

From Robert Grieves, Pddng 

W f Deng 'Xiaoping, China's 
Paramount leader, and Herr 
End) Honecker of East Ger- 
many lunched at the Great 
™fe! of the People yesterday 
after an historic meeting 
*?nch marks the first official 
visit to the People's Republic 
bythe East German leader. 

.Herr Honeckef's six-day 
vTSrt to China is the first by an 
East German leader since the 
two countries established dip- 
lomatic relations in 1949. It 
also heralds the resumption of 
Communist Party ties be- 
tween the two countries. 

China and East Germany 
froze their diplomatic and 
party relations during the 
Smo-Soviet rift of the early 
1960s.. Ax that time the War- 
saw pact nations, with the 
exception of Romania, sided 
with Moscow in the dispute. 

At their meeting yesterday 
morning, Herr Honecker 
hugged and kissed Mr Deng 
three times. Mr Deng told 
Herr Honecker that party ties 
between China and East Ger- 
many “were never really 

The New China news 
agency also quoted Mr Deng 
as telling Herr Honecker that 

the Chinese Communist Party 
had formulated “some new 
views on China's external and 
domestic policies and on 
building its relations with 
other (communist) countries”. 

“Wc have adopted a for- 
ward-looking attitude in 
building domestic and inter- 
national affairs," Mr Deng 

Herr Honecker said rela- 
tions had improved “step by 
step" since 1978. when Mr 
Deng and his supporters em- 
barked on China's open door 

Herr Honeckef's trip comes 
at a time when relations bet- 
ween Moscow and Peking ap- 
pear to be thawing slightly, 
though the two Communist 
giants have not yet resumed 
party- 10 -pany contact. 

East European analysts in 
Peking said Peking's new 
overtures to Warsaw Pact 
nations have Moscow's tacit 
blessing. Chinese Communist 
Party officials insist, however, 
that China would like to forge 
diplomatic and party links 
with Eastern Europe that are 
independent of the Soviet 
Union's influence. 

Herr Erich Honecker, the East German leader, meeting Mr Deng Xiaoping in Peking. 

Chinese TV turns back the pages 

Peking — Mickey Mouse 
and Donald Duck, the famous 
Walt Disney cartoon charac- 
ters who epitomize Western 
pop culture, are about to 
invade the People's Republic 
of China (Robert Grieves 

They will star in their own 
television series, Mickey and 
Donald, which will have its 

premiere on Sunday on China 
Central Television (CCTV). A 
total oflQ4 half-hour episodes 
will be broadcast on consec- 
utive Sunday evenings during 
the next two years. 

“The image of Mickey 
Mouse has long been known 
in China, but this is the first 
time that it has been shown on 
Chinese television," said Mr 

Hong Minsheng, CCTys dep- 
uty director. 

He estimated that 30 mil- 
lion Chinese children win 
initially watch each episode of 
the cartoon series. So far, 10 
episodes have been dubbed -m 

Mickey Mouse, created m 
1928, was widely known 
prc-Communist China. 




police state 
in Spain 

• From Harry DebeKus 


Spain is in danger ofbeoom- 
jng a police stale, Madrid's 
criminal judges claimed in a 
communique published here 
yesterday- They called for a 
parliamentary probe into 
growing police powers, abuse 
of authority and corruption. 

It was the second warning 
about police from a judiciary 
body in barely a week. A group 
of Basque magistrates have 
expressed fears that r ecen t 
incidents, such as the Govern- 
ment's order to 90 Civil 
Guard policemen to refuse to 
obey a summons from a 
Bilbao judge investigating tor- 
ture claims, might amount to 
the creation of a special status 
for policemen in the courts. 

The Madrid Criminal Jud- 
ges Board drafted its commu- 
nique after learning of an 
alleged police investigation 
into the private life of a 
magistrate who is handling a 
case in which several police- 
men are accused in connec- 
tion with an informer's 

The Madrid judges ex- 
pressed doubts about the Gov- 
ernment's ability to control 
the police forces, saying; “Tire 
plain fact is that experience 
demonstrates that a free hand 
for police creates a breeding 
ground for a dimate of un- 
desirable corruption.” 

Will the Big Bang 
keep you awake at nights? 

„ J ^§|§§& ■ - 

JLou’ve probably heard tbe noise about the Big Because, when the Big Bang explodes - " investors want for their money. Which 

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whafs going on developed products. But, on the other side of the of millions of pounds with us - in unit trusts. 

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anything 400 Indeed, after 50 years. Save & Prosper are and savings schemes from £20 a month, 

disturbing hap- well used to changes in the markets — and in what And if we've kept investors happy this way 
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anything to keep 
you awake at nights. 

during the Big Bang. On that you can set your 
mind at rest. 




Information on Save & Prosper or our products phone us for free on Moneyline 0800 282 101. 

Guatemala to lift 
Belize sanctions 
in bid to settle row 

From Paul Valldy, Guatemala City 

The Gulemlu Govem- 
mentis about to lift economic 
sanctions and trade restric- 
tions which it imposed against 
Belize fire years ago, when 
Britain granted independence 
to fee colony amid of Gnate- 

been that all negotiations can 
only be wife Britain.' ■ - 

Bra In public they are forced 
to be more circumspect- For 
the past three decades the 
Guatemalan people have been 
ronsisteaUy misinformed and 

, told that they had a realistic 

The more Ts part of the dzance of getting BdteBack,. 
bmld-np to a new attempt. Sedor VUIagn i mod. I t is a 
witbm fee next few months by very sensitive issne. Jiere. 
the Government of President There are some politic al fiy ces 
Cerezo, which took office this that have consKtentiyosedUie 
year aftra fora yeaus <rf mili- 
tary rule, to settle the dispute. 

Foreign Ministry officials 
here have almost completed a 
set of proposals to pnt before 
Britain and Belize early next 
year, Sedor Frasdsco. Filfe- 
gran, the Guatemalan Vice- 
Minister fra Foreign Affairs, 
said. The economic embarg 
would be lifted ns a. prelude to 
opening - fee - way -to Guate- 
malan Investment. 

“We hare sensed a real 
desire fra feat in disenssioas 
wife businessmen here,” he 

The Cerezo Government's 
proposals are understood to 
iodiade elements which offer a 
basis for negotiation which is 
different from those of the 
■nsoccessfol 1983 and 1985 

tri-partite talks on fee former _ 

British HooiwaK. _ ^note Peten i^gjaa fa faotattd 

willing to consider the Atlantic 

to demonstrate . — . 
nationalistic credentials. Not 

we need time to edneate public 
opinion." . 

Tbe constitotioa adopted 
h<t year before the elections 
indicated a softening' of the 
Guatemalan position on Be- 
lize, but required feat any 
settlement should be approved 
by a plebiscite. 

Diplomats here believe that, 

although fee pafaUc is largely 
apathetic on the Belize ques- 
tion, the unsophisticated elec- 
torate in this stffl hesitant 
democracy could eerily be led 

the referendum as a *ote 
confidence in a' 
whose popularity is already 


The. on of the dfeputefies 
in Gauteroab*s sense that 

“We are 

different options, even the 
option of I&int development 
projects and fee joint exploita- 
tion of resources,” Seim 
Yifiagran said. 

Guatemala, also hopes that 
Britain, which esntinaes to 
station troops in Befize at fee 
request of fee Government, 
would offer technical and eco- 
nomic assistance in some of 
the Joint projects. 

“We fed Britain should 
continue to play a role. - After 
all Great Britain fcrespowsifefe 
for the problem, not Befize, 1 ” 

without access to fee 'Atlantic 
through Belize. Fried is cur- 
rently being explored by oft 
companies, wbo befiere it to 
have large hiinerd reserves. ■ 
Its dens* jragles are dw 

one of fee mam boss offee 

country's rebel guerrill as since 
the previoas smlitwy gftteru-' 
ment adopted its pwcy-« 

forring the Indian mhaMtantt 

of strategic MghM riHages 
to lire in military ontposts. 

“It is an issue of internal 
security and ecoaonrie snmv- 
aL Support for rebels is nata 

for the problem, not Befize,” "■ .iTTTinriit 

Seiiw ViBagnra said. He said SSSStVSSSTi ft 
durum President 

reports daring President 
Cerezo's recent visit to Europe 
which said. Guatemala was 
relinq uishing its daim to Be- 
lize were “over-stated” 

“They came from a problem 
wife translation,” Ire add. 
“But what is true is feat there 
is a radical dffierenice.betweea 
fee attitude of previous gov- 
ernments and fee wfifingness 
of President Cerezo to -rec- 
ognize the edmstt of a 
distinct community firing in 
feat territory ” 

Officials here now privately 
acknowledge. Belize's right to 
sdMetowufan, and rec- 
ognize zhnt they will hare to 
negotiate dkccOy wife the 
administr ation there. Until 
now Guatemala's stance has 

fee past that Guatemalan 
gmirillas may hare been al- 
lowed to me Befize m 
taary or as a snpidy fine. 
Sedor Vfllagnm said. Guate- 
■mki coald not afimr its sec- 
urity to depdnd . .ifeen. fe* 
whims of the Prune Minister 
of Belize. 

The resumption of good re- 
lations with Britain is thought 
particularly mpwtad here at 
a time whor Britain holds the 
presidency oftheJEEC. 

Many of Guatemala’s bi- 
lateral leana? f ftir its ‘ 
billion (fl.55 hfifion) debt are 
wife' EISC members and tire 
Government re anxious to re- 
negotiate several id them. - 

Red Cross chief 
attacks abuses 

From Alan MacGregor, Geneva 

“Far too often, in fee eyef- 
growing number of conflicts, 
the methods and means em- . 
ployed to injure the enemy: 
have contravened the most 
basic rules of international 
humanitarian law.” Such is 
tbe conclusion of Mr. Alex- 
andre Hay, tire International 
Committee of the Red Cross 
(ICRC) President, regarding 
numerous violations of the 
Geneva Conventions in the 
past five years. 

As examples, he cites execu- 
tion of prisoners, terrorism, 
execution of hostages, in-, 
discriminate bombing and use; 
of prohibited weapons. 

His criticisms are tbe start- 
ing point for attempts by the 
International Red Cross con- 
ference, which opened yes- 
terday. to reassert the value of 
the conventions. 

There are delegates from 
150 countries, representing 
ivemments, national Red 
[OSS societies and the ICRC 
African countries' proposals 
to exdude South African Gov- 
ernment delegates from fee' 
conference seem unlikely to be 
pressed, following the unani- 
mous support for the South 
African Red Cross Society, in 
tbe League of Red 

Societies 1 meetings prior to 
the conference. . 

Mr Hay endorsed a resolu- 
tion saying it “desraves our 
fullest support, give it all the 
tods to carry oil its work”. As 
the activities of ICRC -dele- 
gates — visiting detainees and 
going into fee- townships — as 
well as the writ \pf the 
national society, deafly imply 
continuing South African 
Government sanction,.^ com- 
promise on the exclusion- is 

Two assessment 7 reports, 
one by Sussex University, the 
other by business consultants 
Price Waterhouse, highlight 
instances of League incom- 
petence in dealing wife fee 
African famine Situation. 

“We cannot avoid: the 
eondhsion feat had fee 
League been bettor prepared 
in policies, organization, pro- 
cedures and professionalisrii, 
many more lives would have 
been saved and ranch suffer- 
ing averted," the university 
survey says. 

Tbe reports, commissioned 
by the League secretariat for 
£1 10,000. underline that fee 
secretariat needs to be en- 
larged and strengfemed -to 
carry the responsabfljtiei: as- 
signed to it. 

Hungary tries ta blunt 
uprising anniversary 

From Richard Bassett; Budapest 

Thirty years after students 
in Budapest demanded politi- 
cal re fo rms ' which sparioxl off 
the Hungarian uprising, the 
authorities here remain at 
pains to play down any 
spontaneous references to the 
revolution. - 

Yesterday, there were no 
official anniversary _ cere- 
monies as such public displays 

decision taken ip order regi- 
ments from the ‘provinces to 
come to Budapest 7 and io ask 
for the assistance of Soviet 

Tins emphasis , on Hungar- 
ian-Soviet cok^fitokfo^ A 
recurring theme- iii fee Official 
media's portrayal trf.lbe.I956 

Though feissadents claim 

could be seen as provocative.' ,• that most Hungsmans see 
Instead, articles In the of- these articles as a “tissue cr 
ficial press - drawn from a Kes”.feps&yhQ wra e not, alure 
new history of Hungary — are . at tbe 'tfnfe mayhe impressed, 
'lying down the. violence of especially young Hung aria n s. 

by this neteatiess low-key ap. 
proach toferviofiant events of 

• ^TCN^^^jCrechoslovafia 
marked the annfversary of fee 

ar article enufeasized feat 
at first the Hungarian tanks 
“received orders . not to briti£ 
any ammunition with them . 
In another, the blame for the 
events of October 23. 1956, 

CTYVLIM VI V^iVWi T ■ - v T _f . 

were put squarely on “hour- 
geo is ridtt-wing groups bent . safest .fee Hungarian 
on inciting mass hysteria”. : : wpfe'* 4 ^<T^':'GottBinui« 
“The Government and fee -: Pari 
party were unprepared for fee. 
armed provocation -ft 

rmed prqvt 
“Only in 

_._ly m this fate event 
•hoursof Ocfobef Z^was 

V- ; 


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oss chid 

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‘ ' <*• 

Speculation on early election 

Lange popularity soars 
leaving National 
opposition in disarray 

From Richard Long, Wellington 

2 & lantfs opposition even this is down only I per 
cent to 25. per cent approval. 

Mr David Lange, the Prime 
minister, would make no 
immediate comment on the 
^increasing poll, but government sources 
rejected speculation 


Is *™ 8 ? 11 ^? er a 03 h on wide 

political poll showed the Gov- 
emrnem leaping to a 14 point 
lead in spite of increasing 
unemployment, rising infla- 
tton and the introduction of a 
VAT-siyle tax. 

The results of the poll. taken 
last weekend, immediately 
raised speculation about a 
snap election and the 
peas of a National 
leadership challenge. 

Mr Jim Bolger, the National 
Party leader, appeared to get 
most of the blame for what is 
seen as a floundering and 
inept opposition performance. 
The approval rating for the 
way he is handling his job 
dropped a startling 1 1 points 
to 34 per cent. 

. I n .sphe of the surge in 
inflation to 11 per cem, rising 
unemployment and the in- 
troduction of a 10 per cent 
goods and services tax in the 
last month, Labour's approval 
rating is now 56 per cent to 
National's 42 per cent This is 
up five points on last month's 
53 to 44 result. 

Approval for the Govern- 
ment's policies is up in nearly 
all areas, except for the way it 
is handling employment. But 

- ..... . on the 

possibility of a snap election 
being held, pointing out that 
this had been consistently 
ruled out by Mr 

Mr Lange has said that bis 
Government, which has a 15 
seat majority, will go full term. 
That means an election next 
August or September. 

Labour Party strategists 
were delighted, dahniug that 
it was the first time the 
Heylen-Eyewitness political 
poll had recorded a govern- 
ment so far ahead in the 
ratings at this stage of the 
three-year political cycle. 

The combination of the 
drop in Mr Bolger's personal 
rating and the decline in the 
National Party’s standing was 
being died last night by some 
MPs as grounds for a coup 
attempt against Mr Bolger. 

They pointed out that Mr 
Jim McLay, the former Na- 
tional Party leader, was re- 
placed last Easter when the 
National Party was trailing the 
Government by eight points. 

The survey revealed that 

Mr Enrile: in a bargaining 
mood with Mrs Aquino. 

Emile pact 

From Keith Dalton 

The recondliation between 
President Aquino of the Phfl- 
ippines and Mr Juan Ponce 
Enrile. her Defence Minister, 
which on Wednesday averted . 
a possible cabinet spJiuap-J 
peered yesterday to be little 
more than a temporary truce. 

Military sources boasted 
that Mr Enrile won commit- 
ments for a tougher approach 
to the Communist insurgency 
in his first “showdown" with 
Mrs Aquino and said Mr 
Enrile would next demand 
from her political reforms in 
exchange for his continued 
support of her eight-month- 
old Government. 

Among his demands are the 
sacking of eight Cabinet min- 
isters. they said. 

Both sides have agreed to 
meet again to discuss more 

• Ship impounded: Mr Enrile 
yesterday ordered authorities 
io impound a foreign ship 
loaded with ammunition and 
explosives, the official Phil- 
ippines News Agency said (AP 

The nationality of the ship. 
Cargo Trader, is unknown but 
the vessel’s manifest showed 
that the cargo was loaded at 
Pusan Harbour in South Ko- 
rea in July. 

Seven people including a 
village leader and a child were 
killed yesterday in two sepa- 
rate battles involving the com- 
munist rebel New People's 
Army near Manila, the mill- 
iard confirmed. 

kidnap law 

An alarming increase in 
unlawful activity, was com-! 
prehensively reviewed by 
Pakistan's Federal Cabinet on 
Wednesday, when draft leg- 
islation providing harsher 
penalties — including the 
death sentence or life impris- 
onment — for kidnapping for 
ransom were approved. 

The Cabinet, headed by Mr 
Mohammad Khan Junejo, the 
Prime Minister, also consid- 
ered taking steps to counter 
some opposition political 
activities, such as the demand 
by the Pakistan People's Party 
for a confederation to replace 
the existing federal system. 

The demand fora change to 
confederation has been es-J 
pecially strong in Sind, the 
home province of the deposed 
and executed Prime Minister, 
MrZuIfikar Ali Bhutto, and in 
Baluchistan, which had been 
subjected to frequent military 
operations to subdue tribal 
chiefs since Pakistan’s in-' 
dependence in 1947. I 

Among the prominent ad-‘ 
vocates of confederation are 
former cabinet colleagues of 
Mr Bhutto, who have since 
left his Pakistan People's 
Party. This isnow beaded by 
his daughter, Miss Benazir 
Bhutto, who claims that the 
only viable symbol of a true 
federal system is her People's 

A government communi- 
que said the Cabinet had 
reviewed the internal situ- 
ation in its geopolitical con- 
text as well as taking account 
of the prevailing position with 
law and order. 

The statement obviously 
referred to the reported in- 
volvement of both Afghani- 
stan and India in sabotage and 
subversion in the politically 
sensitive provinces, the 
North-West Frontier Province 
and Sind. 

The opposition blames mar- 
tial law 3nd scant respect for 
political institutions by mili- 
tary governments for the pre- 
sent extremism in both 
politics and civic life. 

Marshall Islands gain 
independence from US 

Majuro, Marshall Islands 
(Renter) - The Marshall Is - 
hods, which has a top-secret 
US missile base, was yes- 
terday given sen* {-independ- 
ence after 39 years of Ameri- 
can rale, 

A “compart of free asso- 
ciation" will allow the United 
States to keep its missile range 
at Kwajalehi for at least 30 
years with an option fern m- 
ther extension. Mr Henclu 
Bates, Minister without Port- 
folio, said. 

Washington would give the 

western Pacific nation S3U 
million (£21 million) a year to 
rid for the next 15 years, he 

The United States will keep 
control over the Marshalls 
military and defence activities. 
The islands bad been a UN 
Trust Territory under US ad- 
ministration since the end of 
World War Two. Mr Batos 
said the Government had de- 
clared a two-day hoMy to 
mark the occasion formal 
celebrations would not be held 
until next year. 

The Marshalls are the fast 
three US-ruled island 
groups in the MScrouesmn 
urcmpelago to approve a*®* 
compact, which has been 
S by the Soviet Union 
as ah attempt to pen**""* 
America's military hold ove 
the area. 

SKSeSuSurt * P Urm€d 


network of bases for the 
Strategic Defence Initiative — 
the Star Wars programme. 
The demonstrators objected to 
the use of Kmualein as an 
American nuclear site and 
want it returned to the 

Leaders of the protest have 
said they will not recognize an 
agreement which allows conti- 
nued US military use of any 
part of their territory. 

But Mr Balos said the 
declaration of self-governing 
sparked no demonstrations 
ami most of fa® 40 000 island- 
ers supported it. 

% *Our people are happy and 
enthusiastic about the com- 
pact winch would give us more 
money in aid to develop our 
nation." he said. 

In neighbouring Palau, gov- 
ernment attempts to pushari- 
milar deal have been thwarted 
in three plebiscites during the 
past four years. 

Palau's constitution bans 
nuclear facilities, hot the Gov- 
ernment has vowed to find 
wavs of winning sen-govera* 
meat through the compart. 

when people were questioned 
as to who was their preferred 
prime minister, Mr Lange 
recorded 31 per cem support 
and Mr Bolger dropped to 
13.5 per cent — only 0.4 per 
cem ahead of Sir Robert 
Muldoon, the former National 
Party Prime Minister. 

Sir Robert, aged 65, was 
ousted 1 after the 1984 election 
loss. He has not challenged Mr 
Bolger in the same way that he 
undermined Mr McLay — he 
once described Mr McLay as 
unfit to lead the National 

But in recent interviews and 
in regular talk-back sessions 
on Auckland radio stations. 
Sir Robert had been 
paternalistic and condescend- 
ing towards Mr Bolger. 

MPS said that Sir Robert 
doubted Mr Bolger’s ability to 
lead the National Party to an 
election victory. They said Sir 
Robert did not have the 
numbers in the National Party 
caucus to mount a serious 
challenge at present. 

Mr Bolger cited poll dis- 
crepancies and said that any- 
one moving around the 
country could see dear dis- 
illusionment with government 
policies in the marginal 1 elec- 

Duke bids 
a sad 

farewell to 

From Alan Hamilton 
Hong Kong 

circus of the Far East finally 
folded its tents yesterday with 
the Queen flying home in an 
aura of goodwill from her 

But duff) tike of Edinburgh 
remained behind to suffer the 
slings of an editorial in the 
Sooth China Morning Post, 
which described him as “a 
sometimes tactless man who 
occupies, without any real 
responsibility, a position of 
great privilege". 

The Duke's last official act 
of the tour was to visit a 
battalion of Gurkhas soon to 
be disbanded, at a barracks 
soon to be demolished. - 

The Second Battalion, Sev- 
enth Duke of Edinbmgh's 
Own Gurkha Rifles, is hong 
broken up and its 600 men 
transferred to other Gurkha 
units. It was raised in 1982 
specifically to deal with iflegal 
immigration from China aim a 
surge of Vietnamese refugees. 

Illegal entry to Hong Effiag 
has risen sharply in. recent 
months, but the authorities 
daim that they can ■ now 
handle the problem. 

Recently 110 men of the 
Gurkhas* First Battalion were 
dismissed for maintaining a 
conspiracy of silence over a 
brawl involving a British offi- 
cer daring an exercise in 

The Duke of Edinburgh clasping his hands in a traditional Nepalese greeting while inspect- 
ing a Gurkha regiment at Lyemun Barracks, Hong Kong. 

Officers at yesterday's pa- 
rade were adamant that mo- 
rale among the 4,500 Gurkhas 
stationed in Hoag Kong was 
still high, but the incident has 
dearly rankled among the 
fiercely proud men. 

Lyemun Barracks, the scene 
of yesterday's sad ceremonial, 
is an emotive place in Hoag 
Kong's history - it was here 
that the invading Japanese 
gained their first foothold in 
1941, and bayonetted the 
defenders over a steep diff. 

The Duke told the parade 
yesterdays occasion was 
both special and sad. 

“Von have given splendid 
service and I hope you will 
continue to do so wherever yon 
are posted," be said. 

“Tbe regiment will go on, 
and I have absolutely no doubt 
that it will fulfil its duties with 
all the enthusiasm and loyalty 
for which it has become fam- 
ous since it was raised 84 years 

There was a distinct ragged- 
ness about the parade, with 
lines sufficiently out of trne to 
cause apoplexy among Ser- 
geants Major. But they 
marched smartly enough, at 
that brisk 140 to the minute 

light infantry dip, to the sound 
of the Gurkhas* own pipe 

As the Dnke left, two Gur- 
kha officers’ children placed 
garlands around his neck and 
ft seemed disappointing that 
they were made only of col- 
oured crepe paper rather than 
exotic oriental blooms. The 
real flowers came later, thrown 
into the Duke's open Land 
Rover by members of the First 
Battalion as he drove away. 

The Duke will now return to 
China to study pandas on 
behalf of the World Wildlife 
Fund, of which he is president. 





From Dominique Searie 

Gibraltar is deporting three 
young Britons because the 
authorities believe that they 
want to go to prison for a 
regular feed and a good sleep. 

Ian and Roy Bailey, front 
Essex, were first arrested in 
July under newly-introduced 
“40 winks” legislation- This 
makes it an offence for any- 
body to fell asleep, or he 
awake in a sleeping bag in a 
public place. 

Because of a lack of space 
and facilities, caravans are not 
allowed into Gibraltar. But 
the police are more concerned 
about impecunious Britons 
who come to Gibraltar hoping 
for dole money and to sleep 
rough on the beach. 

Within two weeks of the 
introduction of the Bill. 15 
youths, mostly British, had 
been fined or imprisoned for a 

The Bailey brothers and 
John Smith, from London, 
insisted on camping and, after 
living on wild figs and mus- 
sels. told the magistrate hear-' 
ing their case that they wanted 
three weeks in prison so that 
they could wash, eat and sleep 
and then come out to collect 
their dole money. They were 

S ven a suspended sentence 
it resumed living rough the 
same day and were jailed for 
six weeks. They are to be 
deponed on Monday. 



The Ford Transit is the overwhelming choice 
of security companies and ambulance services. 

That explains the gold bullion and intensive 
care patients, so where do Mis. Prowse and her 
kettle fit in? 

Well/Mrs. Prowse isa sprightly 68. Shefc lived 
for the past 50 odd years in a tiny farm cottage in 
deepest Cornwall. 

Its so far off the beaten track that she can't 
exactly pop out to the shops that often. So Mrs. 
Prowse is a regular customer of Kayls mail order 
catalogue part of Great Universal Stores pic 

The distribution ami of the G.US. group of 
companies is called White Arrow Each year they 
deliver a phenomena! number of parcels to towns 
and villages throughout the U.K. 

To achieve this end White Arrow run a fleet 
of 2,000 vans. 

Every one of them is a Ford Transit 
In the course of a year White Arrow reckon 
that each of their Transits travels 25,000 miles. 
This gives an annual mileage figure for their fleet 
of around 50 million miles. 

The man with the responsibility for those 
50 million miles is White Arrow's Fleet Director 
As you would expect he's the constant focus 
of attention for all Transit's competitors, and he 
knows a great deal about the van market 

“We test models of just about every other 
similar panel van, but the Transit has always proved 
the better vehicle All costs are recorded on com- 
puter. Every single mile is logged and has been 
since 1968. The Transit comes top in everything? 
A satisfied customer indeed. 

And he adds, “we’re delighted with the new 
Ford Transit and plan to progressively replace our 

entire fleet with the new model? 

But White Arrow don’t only serve the needs 
of the GUS. group. They also make deliveries for 
many other companies. 

In the words of John Abberley theirManagjng 
Dinectot; “White Arrow are specialists in parcel 
delivery to home and business, chaltengjngforthe 
number one position in parcel distribution." 

And in aiming for that number one position 
they're driving Britain’s number one van. 

its a van designed to surpass the almost 
legendary achievements of the old Ford Transit 
(Whilst still retaining all the classic Transit traits) 
The new Transit boasts even more loadspace, 
even higher levels of cab comfort and significantly 
improved fuel economy 

Naturally it!s available in a wide range of 
derivatives, all of which can be spedfiea with the 
world beating 25 direct injection diesel engine. 

And although we're proud to number the 
police, ambulance; security and motoring rescue 
services among# the many Transit users, we really 
couldn’t hope for a better seal of approval than 
that of White Arrow and Mrs. Prowse 









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Brief lives of the Seventies 


f I had to dispose of all my books. 
Td keep my 30 volumes of the 
DNB until the last There is more 
to be learned, and to be amused 
by, in it than any other dictionary or 
' encyclopaedia, his bedside riding as 
*- weii as a work of reference. From Sir 
Sidney Lee, the first editor, to the 
l present editor. Lord Blake, the stan- 
dards of scholarship and entertain- 

* mem have been high. The volumes 
■ began to appear in 18S5; and the 

founder. George Smith, lived to see 
the bulk completed before he died in 
•1901. Since then there have been 
' supplements, and the ten-yearly vol- 
r umes of the lives of those dying 
' subsequently. 

Geoige Smith was a remarkable and 
sensitive publisher. Aged 21, he took 
over Smith Elder & Co. from his 
dying father, and multiplied its turn- 
over thirteen times in twenty years. In 
" 1847 he relumed a manuscript. The 
Professor, from a Mr Currer Bell, 

' urging the writer to try again. Soon 

• Jane Eyre arrived. When Charlotte 
Bronte, with her sister Anne, called on 
him unexpectedly, he was delighted to 
find he had been right in supposing 
Currer BefI to be a woman. Twenty- 
four years old. he gallantly took the 
sisters to the opera the same evening. 

Most of the great or outstandingly 
eminent have written their autobiog- 
raphies or had biographies written 
about them. Their entries in the DNB 
are useful for quick reference and for 
the care with which their lives have 
been potted. 

L ord Blake's Anthony Eden in 
this volume is an admirable 
example. "Slim, debonair, 
well dressed, wearing the hat 
-. named after him. and talking with the 
dipped yet languid accents of the Eton 
. and Christ Church ofhis day. he might 
■ have stepped out of a play by Noel 
. Coward. He seemed more tike a man 
of fashion than a serious public 
figure." Lord Blake then demonstrates 
die deep seriousness of his character 
. and nature, praising his achievements, 
but not drawing back from a just 
critical analysis. ■ 

Nearly always the longer entries are 
- a valuable synposis of careers, more 
accurate in aim than books on the 
same subject Sir Edgar Williams 
neatly shows Field Marshal Montgom- 
_ ery as a brilliant general marred by 
; vanity, affectation, and at times 
.. unfairness, while supremefy confident 
- in his own importance and rectitude. 
It is appropriate that Montgomery's 
grandfather should have been the 
author of Eric, or Liale by Little , as 
that was frequently his method. 

. Stephen Spender on Auden is a gem. 
' Obviously he is equipped to comment 
on his poetry, but the references to the 
: n on-poetical aspects of Auden's life 

Woodrow Wyatt reviews the latest 
reports on recent saints and sinners 


Edited by Robert Blake 

Oxford. £60 

are touches that lift the entry out of the 
ordinary. As a young school teacher he 
was "known to his pupils as Uncle 
Wiz". In bis last years he was more 
than tiresome, forcing a residence out 
of Christ Church because EM. Forster 
bad been given one by King's College, 
Cambridge. He had tired of America, 
his disappearance whither with Isher- 
wood in January 1939 is half de- 
fended. and dreamt of Oxford as a 
kind of Brideshead Revisited. Disap- 
pointed on his return, he bored the 
dons at high table with his drunken- 
ness and repetition. He became "ob- 
sessively punctual and complained 
loudly if a meal or a visitor, was five 
minutes late." His interest in religion 
lost respect with his pansy references 
to "Miss God". A genius, who tried 
unhappily to make a marriage rela- 
tionship with the young New York 
poet Chester Kallman, incapable of 
fidelity to anyone, and who ended his 
life in querulous sadness. 

Among the less famous, quirks pop 
up delightfully on many pages. The 
historian Snipper Simpson got his 
nickname from his incessant 

wanderings through Trinity and 
neighbouri ng Cambridge colleges with 
pruning shears with which he annoy- 
ingly lopped the leaves, twigs, and 
branches of all the trees and bushes be 
encountered in his meandering*. Sadly 
he never completed his promised four 
volumes on Louis Napoleon, after 
Philip GuedaJla wrongly said in 1923 
that the first two were no good: the 
poor historian consoled himself with 
snipping until be died at 91 in 1974. 

P rofessor Beimei-Oark “was an 
adventurous driver, and many 
preferred public transport to a 
lift in his unusual cars, which 
bore unmistakable evidence of en- 
counters with London Transport 
buses". It was thought to be an honour 
to be asked to take his lectures until it 
was discovered they should have 
started five minutes ago. 

. Frederick Burrows, old railwayman. 
President of the NUR, was made tile 
last governor of Bengal by Attlee. His 
rejoinder to the grandee sneer that be 
knew nothing about hunting and 
shooting, "But I know plenty about 
shunting and hooting", is not included 
in the sympathetic entry; perhaps one 
day it can be. 

William Douglas-Home's charming 
summary of Terence Rattigan con- 
tains an interesting explanation for his 
homosexuality. His father "had a. 

lifelong attachment to ‘fluffy 
blondes'- which may have steered 
that impressionable boy. not only into 
the arms ofhis mother but also— down 
less conventional emotional paths in 
later life." Throughout I did not find 
any reticence about the homosexuality 
of a subject. About the cold, calculat- 
ing. theatrical impresario “Bmkks” 
Beaumont Tyrone Guthrie is quoted 
as saying he' was able to "make or 
break the career of almost any worker 
in the British professional theatre" 
which be frequently did in accordance 
with the response to his homosexual 
overtures by young actors desperate to 

Rogues are not left out We are 
promised that the famous traitors, 
Burgess, Maclean. Phfiby, Blake. 
Blunt, and the like, will achieve 
immortality when the time comes. In 
this volume I noticed, frankly 
covered, two rascals ennobled by 
Harold Wilson: Lord Brayley and 
Lord Plurenden. Sinning does not 
carry exclusion from the DNB. 

From the lively entry on Ivor Brown 
I was glad to learn that be went- on 
writing until his death at 83. There is 
similar encouragement from Ray- 
mond Mortimer who was hard at it 
when he died at 85. The race is not al- 
ways to the young. Three cheers to the 
DNB winch records this among a 
multitude of fascinating facts. Howev- 
er, 1 hope the rumour that in future 
volumes will cover a mere five year 
span is untrue. The contributors 
should have the same time as before to 
reflect on the permanent memorials 
zhey are sculpting. 

Eden: debonair man of fashion but serious; Auden: melancholy genius; Rattigan: cheerful but gay 

Vernon Watkins must have 
been an interesting man. He 
was born in Wales m 1906 and 
died, playing tennis hi Ameri- 
ca, in 1967. Apart from an 
Interlude of military service 
during the Second World War, 
be made his living as a derk in 
a bank In Swansea. During his 
lifetime he published seven 
books of verse, and three more 
have appeared posthumously, 
all this material now being 
brought together as The Col- 
lected Poems of Vernon Wat- 
kins (Colgonooza Press , 
distributed by AUen & Unwin, 

The bare facts suggest little 
of die richness of Watkins's 
work, and rich it certainly is, 
to a fault, each line a musical- 

box dose^packed with sylla- 
bles working sweetly for then- 
keep. A Watkins poem starts 
anywhere and ends nowhere; 
which is to say that his subject 
matter — Wales, myth, weath- 
er, ghosts, people -- consists 
of so many vague Platonic 
doors into a single room where 
his purpose is simple: to 
celebrate language. Look! he 
cries* and listen! and awake! 
The result is a neo-romantic 
poetry of exclamation marks 
addressed to the quickening of 
the senses, but for the most 
part quickening nothing save a 
feeling of what an extraordi- 
nary gift of the gab the man 
has, what resources in the 
thesaurus of his fancy for 
decking out something essen- 

Wake up! 


Robert Nye 

dally commonplace so that it 
sounds impressive or 

Count up those books whose 
pages you hove read 
Moulded by water. Wasps 
this paper made. 

Come. You hare taken trib- 
ute from the dead. 

Your tribute to the quick 
must now be paid. 

What lovelier tribute than to 
rest your head 

Beneath this bircktree which 
is bound to fade? 

And natch the branches 
quivering bya thread 

Beyond interpretation of the 

CH. Sisson in his complete 
version of The Aeneid ( Corea - 
net , £16.95) makes something 
wonderfully English of all 
those classical triumphs; 
something as readable as his 
already acclaimed translations 
of Dante and Catullus; some- 

thing with the power te impel: 

Muse, bring to mind the 
causes, say what ityury 
To her divinity made the 
Queen of Heaven 
Drive this man, so remark- 
able far his piety 
Through such a ante of 
misfortune to face 
So many drudgeries. Who 
would have thought 
There could be such resent- 
ment in the gods? 

The joke, of course, is that 
Sisson, whose own original 
work is so concerned with the 
inspirations of pe ssi m ism , 
would have thought nothin 
else. This is a superb English 
and Sissonish Virgil. 

Jaunts in the Balkans 
to the land of dreams 

«.* rUj. .4aiM fhx 

Years ago I had a magnificent 
dream — it was one of the 
supremely enjoyable mo- 
ments of my lire — in which I 
seemed to see a vast congrega- 
tion of strange men and 
women, dressed all in bright 
colours, flying flags, singing 
tremendous songs, and ac- 
companied by. diverse ani- 
mals. moving in an ethereal 
motion from horizon to hori- 
zon of an immense sunlit 

1 never thought to enjoy 
such a transcendental expen- 
ence a gain, but time and again 
I have come near to it. in 
reading Patrick Leigh 
Fermor's grandly developing 
trilogy about his journey 
across Europe, from Holland 
to Constantinople, in the years 
before the Second World V/ct- 
Between the Woods and The 
Water is its central volume, 
taking the narrator across the 
expanse of Middle Europe 
from Budapest to Bulgaria, 
and it is, if anything, more like 
a dream than mv dream was. 

Mr Fermor is beyond cavil 
the greatest of living travel 
writers, and in this work he is 
exploring the very farthest 
boundaries of the genre. "Hie 
journey it purports to describe 
took place 50 years ago. when 
he was hardly more than a 
boy. not only is its factual 
precision necessarily open to 
doubt, but it is informed 
throughout by the accumulat- 
ed knowledge and ever more 
refined sensibility of the sub- 
sequent half century. 

In short it is only just a 
travel book at all. It is an 

Jan Morris 

between the 

By Patrick Leigh Fermor 

John Murray. 

amazingly complex and subtle 
evocation of a place that is no 
more - if « ever was a place 
stork-flown, gypsy-wandered, 
castle-strewn, baron-embel- 
lished, haunted by pccutiar 
grandees like YW the Archi- 
tect and Vlad the Im paler, 
washed by terrific rivers down 
whose currents the steamers 
from Austria come playing 
Tales From the Vienna Woods 
on gramophones. 

Mr Fermor's recall of this 
magic place is more than 
absolute. He can still hear the 
snapping of fringed crayfish 
tails from the rivers of Tran- 
He can remember 

■■m ihc deep StyriaadtitecT 
which he first heard aiaomn 
opposite Pochtam. and' even 
perhaps skip the toss oftbc 
early Sc .cmccntb-Ccntwry 
duodecimo Horace. from Am- 
sterdam, which occurred 
when an aerial torpedo sank 
his escaping c atqae off the 
Peloponnesian coast.. 

Now and then nuked one 
wonders if he is pulling our 
legs. Did the kindly skia-efed 
Voguls really worship bettrs? 
Is there really a Danubian 
dungeon-island of Babaian? 
Could the architecture of the 
Rumanian spa of Bsilc 
Hcrculane be derived from 
Moldavian monasteries? And 
was "the great Count fctvan 
S/echenyi actually one of the 
first members of . the 
Travellers' Hub? 

He was: if the. narrative, is 
always imaginative, g is never 
I think false. Mf Fermor is a 
genuine scholar, but an artist 
too. and ibis is one of those 
works of art in which the 

syfvania. ■ IV W4MI WUtM KM VI IN mv 

the expressions on the feces of whole is much mere ipjpor- 
Romany violionists — "like tarn than the parts. Mr Fermor 
smiling crows'*. He can taste is encapsulating a visioa, aid 

the "tapering phial of tzuica" 
that he drank at a drovers' inn 
on the Caransebes road, and 
repeat to an exactitude the 
quaint English phraseology of 
many a Hungarian nobleman. 

Rather too many actually. 
Mr Fermor is perhaps more 
fascinated by the ways of the 
lost Austro-Hungarian aris- 
tocracy than most of us arc; 
and in this as in other pursuits 
he is led very nearly into self- 
parody. He might have been 
wiser to forget that tapering 
phial, put out of mind the song 

_ _ jng4 

235 that the armies ofii. 
Crusade could newer. 
ry has always maimanwfL 
have travelled down the p*$- 
cipitous left bank of the 
Danube as far as Orscv*, be 
concludes that they must have 
been con vcyed by sorcery, in a 
stale of splendid levitation: 
and reading this, it dawned 
upon me that my dream of 
long ago was not merely being 
challenged by tins income — 
hie memoir, but acti 

Watching a genius at work 

An artist’s sketchbook is an 
amalgam. Drawing after draw- 
ing in pencil, crayon, ink. 
charcoal, or perm any four, in 
various sages of completion. 
Their subject-matter and pur- 
pose are as varied as the 
medium: preparatory 

drawings for future paintings 
or sculpture: the sketchiest of 
sketches capturing the fleet- 
ingness of day-to-day living — 
rather like a diary entry - 
also an occasional 
"presentation" drawing that 
could grace any of the world's 
major museums. 

Imagine then one hundred 
and seventy five such amal- 
gams; and it would still not 
convey fully the magnitude of 
the most heroic legacy of this 
century: Picasso's sketch- 
books. They are priceless, not 
just as works of art and 
documentary material: most 
of all they bring us as close as 
we can ever be to experiencing 
the mystery of artistic 

Completely unknown to the 
public, and only known in 
fragments to a few scholars, 
the sketchbooks have now 
become the subject of a lavish- 
ly produced book, as well as 
the exhibition at the Royal 
Academy. Je suis le cahier. 
Coming from Picasso, with his 

Sanda Miller 

The Sketchbooks 
of Picasso 
Edited by Arnold 
andMazc GUmcher 
Thames & Hudson. £J6 

voracious zest for life, the title 
is an understatement. 

Part of the book consists of 
six essays contributed by emi- 
nent scholars (where is John 
Golding?), each dealing witii a 
frilly reproduced sketchbook. 
It is a visual feast, with each 
sketchbook printed in full 
after its essay, rather than in 
the customary block of illus- 
trations relegated to the back. 

Perhaps some of the issues 
raised come from rarefied air 
of Academe, but the standards 
of excellence make captivating 
reading. Robert Rosenblum's 
The Demoiselles is a case in 
point It deals with the most 
momentous volte-face in 
Picasso’s career. The author is 
one of the finest scholars 
around. He succeeds in in- 
volving the ordinary reader in 
his exciting voyage of 

Having confirmed that 
some of the best rehearsed 
theories regarding this com- 

plex painting seem corrobo- 
rated by the drawings, the 
author uses them in support of 
his own startling and highly 
debatable theories. One could 
argue that this is a case of 
misinterpretation of casual 
relationships. Rosen Worn also 
gives a fascinating 
iconographies! analysis- of the 
permutations and numbers of 
sailors and whores, who be- 
came in the end the five 
savage female ;humanoids of 
one of the most reproduced 
Twentieth-Century paintings, 
aptly named by Leo Steinberg 
the "philosophical brothel" 

More fiaffffiifc is tlie treat- 
ment by Rosalind Krauss of 
Life w tih Picasso. One of the 
central issues. Picasso's love 
aflair with Mario-Thertse 
Walter; is explained by Ro- 
man Jakobosn's formalist 
analysis of Mayakovsky. 

Aa generous sprinkling Of 
reproductions from other 
sketchbooks, and as a succinct 
catalogue raisonne listing the 
contents of each sketchbook, 
complete the volume. The 
book and exhibition support 
what another of our century’s 
greats artists had to say about 
drawing: “.-I think drawing is 
a tremendous eye-opener to 
people and it would make 
their Jives much richer". 

: i 



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In two programmes last night 
about the same subject In- 
dependent Television got np to 
some more Govenunent-basb- 

™5* Unfortunately, not only 
did the broadcasts appear 
on biased, they threaten to 
have the support of history. 
For it is arguable that, miracle 
cures notwithstanding, the 
Prtsent government will be 
condemned most by future 
generations not for its han- 
dling of the economy, defence 
or nuclear power bnt its inad- 
equate response to Aids. 


Television has a much more 
honourable record than the 
- British Press in its coverage of 
the disease, but it appears it 
was bureaucratic bungling 
rather than a policy of satura- 
tion broadcasting that resulted 
in some regions showing both 
the This Week programme 
Aids — The Last Chance 
(Thames) and Aids - Every- 
one's Problem (Central). In-, 
evitably there were some* 
overlaps - the same American 
Aids information advertise- 
ment appeared in both pro- 
grammes, as did one of the 
experts. The extended expo- 
sure, however, only empha- 
sized the absurdity of the 
Government’s reluctance to 
mount their own television 
campaign. Even their chief 
health adviser seemed nimble 
to understand their inertia. 

When they do get round to it 
perhaps they should employ 
Dr Charles Farthing who, in 
the Centra] programme, again 
showed that H is possible to 
talk on television infor- 
matively and seriously about 
this terrible disease and do it 
with a smile. Judging, how- 
ever, from the yocutg people 
interviewed for This Wee* a lot 
of education is needed. The 
prospect of using condoms, let- 
alone monogamy, was viewed 
by them with honor. One even 
quoted his headmaster's opin- 
ion that using condoms was 
like eating a Mars Bar with 
the wrapper on — echoing 
perhaps the sweet's starring 
role as a symbol of the 
permissive society in a famous 
drags trial. Alas, now, love is 
not all we need, and the 
Government should warn all 
sexually active people on tele- 
vision that, if they do not like 
their candy home-made, they 
should keep the wrapper on. 
Only they should not so mince 
their words. 

Andrew Hislop 

Touching view of humanity 


Parting Glances (15) 
Screen on the Hill 



The Boy Who Had 
Everything (PG) 

Cannon Tottenham Court 

Legal Eagles (PG) 



ill Sherwood’s Parting Glan- 
ces. first noticed from the 
Edinburgh Festival, looks 
even better at second view- 
ing and — with a stylish, 
even glossy look that dissembles its 
derisory budget — qualifies as one of 
the most original and accomplished 
[*debuts of the year. It is mostly about 
homosexual friendships, but that is 
incidental; what is important is the 
skill and sophistication with which it 
explores human relationships of all 
sorts and degrees. It is set m 
Manhattan yuppie society, but 
yuppies are human too: and we have 
a rare sense of a whole group of 
people enmeshed in a web of relation- 
ships and shared memories that 
stretch far back. 

The parting glances of the title are 
exchanged between Michael and his 
friend Robert, who is taking off to 
work in Africa. There is also a more 
distressing parting impending; their 
friend Nick, a brilliant manic, diffi-. 
cull, demanding musician is shortly, 
to die from AIDS. Perhaps Robert is 
impelled to leave because hist 
relationship with Michael is in the 
doldrums, or perhaps because he 
cannot face the traumas of a death. 

The action takes place in the 24- 
hours around Michael’s departure; m 
their home, where the couple clown 
and bicker, their smart one-liners 
serv ing as a code for deeper feelings; 
at a dinner party with Michael's 
lecherous English boss and his com- 
plaisant wife: at a party where their 
friends, of all sexes and orientations, 
assemble for the send-off, and Sher- 
wood skilfully shows us the way that 
people juggle with one another in 
such circumstances. A still more 
brilliantly managed scene, the weary 
moming after, brings the affairs of 
Robert, Michael and Nick to a 
believable and touching interim. 

Some of the supporting roles tend 
to caricature, but the main perfor- 
mances are near faultless. Richard 
Danoung and John Bolger succeed in 
showing the cracks in Michael’s and 

Personable energy: Jason Connery comforts his real-life mother, Diane Cilento, in The Boy Who Had Everything 

Robert’s suave, young professional 
sang-froid that expose real feeling 
beneath. A cadaverous comedian, 
Steve Buscemi. gives Nick the 
authentic nervy irritability, reckless- 
ness and egoism of the desperately ill; 
Sherwood is interested in the psychol- 
ogy of -his plight, not the clinical 
details: there is not a piD or hypo- 
dermic in sight.- A professional 
comedienne, Kathy Kinney,' plays 
their generous, lonely best friend and 
Adam Nathan a brash young new- 
comer, baffled that be cannot crash 
his way into their charmed circle of 
old acquaintance. 

. Parting Glances opens for a 
London run, but also figures in a 
National Film Theatre season of 
films on homosexual themes, already 
featured in the Tyneside Him Festi- 
val. Surprisingly the season assem- 
bles no fewer than 10 feature films. all 
of commendable quality and all made 
within the last two years. 

The American cinema has spoken 
out forthrightly against the country's 
intervention in Latin American poli- 
tics. Roger Spottiswodde's Open Fire 
(1983) and Haxell Wexter’s Latino 
deal with Nicaragua. Oliver Slone’s 
tougher and still more outspoken 
Salvador 1st week took the main 
prize at the Tyneside Film FestivaL 

Latino, is the first film directed by 
Wexler. one of the world's best 
cinematographers, since his docu- 
mentary on- violence in America, 
Medium Cool. in 1969. .Actually 
filmed in Nicaragua, it follows the 

adventures of a Mexican-American 
officer in l)S Special Forces, assigned 
to train and support the Contra 
guerrillas: It turns the conventions of 
the American war film upside down 
as the hero becomes implicated in 
Contra outrages on the civilian 
population — including the shanghai- 
ing of adolescents as Contra trainees 

— and ends up as a prisoner of war. 

- The war scenes have the look of 
careful research, and the docu- 
mentary claims of the film are 
vindicated by current news reports. 
The love intrigue with a beautiful 
Nicaraguan agronomist, however, 
fails to provide the narrative line 
intended, and jnstead feels rather a 
distraction. It is sad that the film has 
not secured a commercial release, but 
lands up at the ICA whose audiences, 
one might suppose, are less likely 
than Cannon customers to need the 
exhortation of the title song. "Can 
you bear me?" it asks. “Wake up. We 
are the voice of America. Somebody 
help me. Gotta stop a crime." 

iron The Boy Who Had 
Everything we discover that 
Australian college rituals are 
(or at least were) even more 
brutal, humiliating and (for 
cinemagoers) embarrassing than the 
American variety. It is the story of a 
good all-rounder (Jason Connery, son 
of Sean) who finally rebels against the 
intolerable burden of expectation laid 
on him. and leaves college. 

Stephen Wallace, who made the 


gentle Lore Letters from Ter aba Road 
and the less gentle Stir, proves a 
better director than writer. The script 
is not well written, and confuses its 
issues. The poor lad really does have 
everything — humiliation in college 
and an unstable, alcoholic, divorced 
mother at home; not to mention an 
odd compulsion to take up with five- 
pound tans in Sydney's King's Cross. 
It is also Vietnam time, but this 
theme is somehow mislaid on the 
way. Young Connery is personable as 
the. introverted hero; his mother is 
energetically played by his real-life 
mother. Diane Cilento. 

Legal Eagles is directed by Ivan 
Reitman, who made Ghostbusters. 
and scripted by Jim Cash and Jack 
Epps Jr., who wrote Top Gun. so it 
has its commercial head well screwed 
on. It combines the formula of 
sparring sexual opponents — Robert 
Redford and Debra Winger —with a 
comedy thriller of labyrinthine plot 
and innumerable suspects; mid 
throws in a car-chase aid a bit of 
slapstick for fun. A novel thrill is 
provided by a climactic fire which 
appears to destroy the genuine Picas: 
sos. Warhols, Miros et al. which are . 
used as classy set decoration. Redford 
and Winger play two lawyers allied to 
extricate a dangerously disturbed 
beauty (Daryl Hannah) from the 
accumulating mass of circumstantial 
evidence against her. The result is 
undemanding fun. but these are 
talents that could be better employed. 

David Robinson 


Ballet Gulbenkian 

Sadler’s Wells 

It was valuable to have Hans 
van Manctfs 5 Tangos in 
Ballet Gulbcnkian’s second 
programme at Sadler's Wells 
on Wednesday, for its own 
sake and as a yardstick for the 
company's ability. 

The work is the more 
welcome because, by special 
dispensation for two perfor- 
mances. wc are allowed to 
hear the score by Astor 
Piazzolla in the version that 
inspired the choreographer, 
namely the composer’s own 
recording with an Argentinian 
ensemble and instruments in- 
stead of the arrangement for 
conventional orchestra pre- 
viously required in Britain by 
the Musicians' Union. It is 
much more atmospheric, 
strange and threateningly 
mysterious, disproving the 
dogma that live music is 
always best. 

The dancing does not really 
live up to this. A team led by 
Isabel Quciroz and Gagik 
Ismailian work competently, 
but the hard-edged effect wc 
have seen in other produc- 
tions is lacking. All the same, 
the choreography, classicism 
with a South American fla- 

vour. holds its own decademiy 
elegant attraction. 

The Gulbenkian dancers 
took good in Louis Falco's 
Escargo. To some lively but 
nondescript music by Ralph 
MacDonald, this requires en- 
ergy. pace and humour. It is 
interesting to see Elisa Fer- 
reira, the protagonist of the 
opening programme's torrid 
Nina Hagen ballet dancing in 
a context so cheerfully dif- 
ferent She and six of her 
colleagues skilfully sustain the 
choreography's busy comings 
and goings. 

To George Crumb’s Ancient 
Voices of Children Vasco 
Wellenkamp presented an ear- 
nest muddled and cliche- 
ridden work full of groupings, 
poses and snatches of dance 
meant to illustrate the music 
and the Lorca poems it incor- 
porates. Only the sincere 
performances of the cast give 
any relief. 

For home consumption in 
Portugal Ballet Gulbenkian 
seems to be developing a 
sensibly varied repertory and 
an able ensemble. I am not so 
sure that it really ought to be 
undertaking international 
tours at present, but perhaps 
that will change if its new 
choreographer. Olga Roriz, 
proves able to sustain the flair 
shown in small dramatic 
pieces on a larger and more 
diverse level. 

John Perdval 

Bleak stagecraft 


Banged Up 

Young Vic Studio 



indomltaMity of THE HUMAN SPIRIT” 

(S. Express) 

Nisei Hawthorne: “VERY FUNNY** 


fry J onathan Lynn ip Man) 

jacobotrskyS the Colooel 

Comedy by Franz Wtofel, Englis h 
language version by S N Behrman 

Olivier; TbniglH, Mon at 7.15, tomorat 
100 & 7.15.Then Nov 8. 10, 11, 12. ENDS 





unsold seats at low prices 
from 2 hours before 

Box Office & Credit Card 
01-528 2252 

The East End dramatist 
Tirade Ikoli earned qualified 
acclaim last April for his 
interesting but mishandled 
reworking of The Lower 
Depths. With the same com- 
pany, Foco Novo, and the 
same director, Roland Rees, 
he now offers a brace of two- 
handers under the peculiar 
umbrella title of Banged Up. 

Mr XkolTs patent concern is 
to show ordinary people in the 
throes iff discovering bow 
cribbed and cabined are their 
unremarkable lives. His ma- 
terial is largely bleak, its 
treatment hints at optimism. 
In Soul Night, a Mack man 
and a white woman meet by 
chance in the women's lava- 
tory at a London Transport 
disco where be, a bus driver, is 
trying to mollify his piqued 
(mid unseen) wife. Recogniz- 
ing each other as scfaoolfriends 
of 13 years ago, they reminis- 
cence about the golden age of 
soul music and pick out the 
threads of what — saving her 
mother's intransigent racism 
— might have been a satisfying 

The flashbacks are intrusive 
and disruptive, and one sus- 
pects that the author was too 
charmed by the original set-up 
to develop his theme along any 
but the straightest lines. The 

second piece, Please 
Thank You. gives us a neat 
reversal of a stock situation 
bnt similarly fails to extract 
the marrow from the bone. 

In a grimy council flat 
(evocatively sketched by An- 
drea Montag's collage of lino) 
an embittered young widow 
finds her attempt to commit 
snidde interrupted by the visit 
of a strait-laced social worker. 
Woefully unprepared for the 
surly realities of poverty, he 
ends by needing her sympathy; 
meanwhile, the theme from 
Desert Island Discs triggers 
off bizarre vignettes of an 
alternative existence in which 
they play a materially pros- 
perous but uncommunicative 
couple. As in the first piece, 
the arbitrary nature of per- 
sonal destiny remains un- 
explored. ' 

Trevor Laird and Tilly 
Vos burgh work together snap- 
pCy enough in both plays, bnt 
their dialogue is plodding, 
attenuated and dispiritiugly 
unfunny; Mr Ikoli knows die 
nuts and belts of stagecraft but 
cannot, as yet, write comedy. 

Martin Cropper 

Too Hot to 
Old Red Lion . 

A pungent atmosphere of self- 
promotion enshrouds this 
id of the Paul and 
Theatre Company, so 


and reversals which replace 
narrative with a series of 
sensationalist kicks. I am 
bound to acknowledge ■ Mr 
Waite's flair for wisecracks 
(“Mass unemployment", says 
Ricky, “hh philosophy early: 
about 300BC”). But this is a 
coarsely opportunistic show. 

Irving Wardle 




^ Tight, menacing, compelling Today 


Sar> fTiiT. 0 by ri: fir-.rc &fc&Soo.!<nb> ECtt 30S 
*36 S63. OHs Ci* 3! 26 *SS s c-y.cai GT24G/4K. 

Snappy work: Trevor Laird and Tilly Vosburgb 
Banged Up (photograph by Donald Cooper) 

called after its author/director 
Paul Waite and its lead 
actor/ producer George Yia- 
soumi, who are also credited 
with the "original idea" for the 
play. The idea seems to have 
had less to do with telling a 
story than with rounding up 
an audience of voyeurs. 

To whet tite appetite, the 
setting is a ramshackle Soho 
flat during a heatwave which 
has driven Terri to keeping 
her knickers in the (otherwise 
empty) refrigerator. She and 
Ricky, her philosophy gradu- 
ate boyfriend, are - burling 
jealous abuse at each other. 

Everything is bang up to the 
minute: there are copies of 
The Independent lying about: 

Ricky thinks he is going bald 
because of CheraobyL Their 
friend Laura drops in. looking 
sad because she has lost her 
cat. They are all hot and bored 
and waiting for something 10 

Enter Mr Yiasoumi in the 
role of Nathan, a lost traveller 
seeking shelter, who instantly 
assumes control of the place 
once they have given him a 
bed for the night He worms 
out their secrets, sprays them 
with insults! drinks their li- 
quor and in due course scores 
with both the girls. 

A cuddly simian figure 
suggesting a middle-eastern 
Peter Lorre. Mr Yiasoumi has 
undoubted stage magnetism. 

Slithering from the top of the 
fridge to perform a slow 
snake-like dance across the 
room simply to light Terri’s 
cigarette, he earns everything 
she gives him. Expert in 
playing the plaintive little boy 
when it suits him. he changes 
like lightning into inquisitor, 
man of action and demon 
lover, never losing status, 
even when one of the girls 
piantsa broken egg on his bald 

Apart from fighting among 
themselves and turning to 
putty in his hands, there is not 
much for the supporting trio 
to do. It is a one-man play, 
operating on a system of tricks 




Festival Hall/ 
Radio 3 

The oddity in this BBC Sym- 
phony Orchestra concert was 
Wagner’s Wesendonk-Liedcr. 
not in the usual Mottl 
orchestration but . in a new 
version made- by Henze 10 
years ago: It was not as odd as 
it might have been. Whereas 
Henze's adaptations of Mon- 
teverdi and Carissimi lavishly 
festoon the originals with 
guitars and percussion, his 
treatment of the Wagner songs 
is rather a reduction of what 
we know. 

The scoring is fora chamber 
orchestra of woodwind, harp 
and strings and. although alto 
flute and bass clarinet provide 
a few surprising tints, the 
mood is restrained, even with- 
drawn. all the more so because 
the music is transposed down 
to suit a mezzo-soprano. 
There is little sense now of 
careless rapture: the feeling is 
rather melancholy, with the 
strings often divided to sug- 
gest a sophistication bordering 
on weariness. Emotion simply 
surrenders to the charms of so 

Purcell Room 

The young virtuoso trumpeter 
Andrew Crowley boldly risked' 
being upstaged by his two 
supporting artists in this 
enthrallingly enterprising re- 
cital The pianist David Ma- 
son. after a slightly wooden 
reading of Webern’s poetic Op 
27 Variation* gave a taut, 
appositely brittle performance 
of Copland's own uncom- 
promising Variations. And the - 
percussionist Andrew Barclay, 
required for Jolivet's Heptade. 
offered nothing less than the 
British premiere of Henze's 
Five Scenes from the Snow 
Country for solo marimba, 
written in 1978. 

One can understand the 
delay, for this work presents 
formidable technical and mus- 
ical challenges. Its raison 
d’etre is simple enough: it was 
written as a response to a 
snowfall witnessed by the 
composer while in Japan. 
Henze's choice of instrument 
for this poetic commentary is 
ideal for with its short 
reverberation period and stra- 
ngely metallic attack the ma- 
rimba both evokes the iciness 
of the winter air and suggests 
the twanging sounds of the 
koto, the Japanese zither. 

Barclay handled its alternat- 
ing slow and fastish move- 

much exquisiteness, as at the 
end of “Im Treibhaus". where 
phrases for woodwind, strings 
and harp gently overlap. The 
effect. 1 am not sure how 
ironically intended. - is of a 
decadence all the more su- 
preme for its economy, and 
suggests that Henze has still 
not obeyed Auden's injunc- 
tion and made his peace with 

The becalming of the music 
was carried still further here 
by slow tempos, for which 
perhaps Henze and Sir John 
Pritchard share responsibility. 
1 cannot imagine that they 
came from Hanna Schwarz, 
who found some difficulty in 
extending phrases and in 
controlling her vibrato at 
these speeds. The orchestra, 
though, were able to respond 
to Henze's defines* as much 
as to Berlioz's monster sav- 
agery fm spite of a couple of 
bits of untoward savagery) in 
the Francs Juges Overture. 

The symphony brought 
more orchestral magic, for this 
was Tchaikovsky's Manfred. 
Now ii was Sir John's turn to 
rein in emotional excess, with 
his crisp beat and precisely- 
detailed sounds. Manfred's 
yearning ache in the brass and 
his plummeting strings were 
not indulged: the effect was 
curiously outward. Beriiozian. 
and entirely convincing. 

Paul Griffiths 

menu with great sensitivity, 
always aware of crucial 
referential points of repose, 
always ready to respond flex- 
ibly to a delicate flight of 
imagination. His contribution 
in Jolivet's Heptade was 
rather more extrovert, but 
then the accent in this piece, 
composed in 197] but given 
its British premiere only ear- 
lier this month, in the 
Nettlefold Festival, is very 
much upon colour ana 
rhythm. Crowley's playing 
here was jazzily athletic yet 
finely controlled, his quiet 
high note at the end of the 
third movement, for instance, 
straining credulity. 

Berio's Sequenza X. in 
which Mason had to play a 
passive role, simply holding 
down notes on the piano to 
allow the strings to vibrate 
sympathetically, was the seve- 
rest test of Crowley's tech- 
nique. musicianship and sta- 
mina. One or two split notes 
apart he passed with flying 
colour* though the work 
might have been yet more 
enchantingly dramatic had he 
been ablejo remain stiller in 
the long, meditative pause* 
There ’could be no complaints 
about his reading of Maxwell 
Davies's Trumpet Sonata. He 
(and Mason) added a lyrical 
strength to its turbulence, so 
that it emerged as something 
rather more than the gesture 
of an angry young man. 

Stephen Pettitt 


Robert Cray Band 

Hammersmith Palais 

As David Olson wandered on 
after the support act to set np 
his drum-kit there was a 
moment's worry. Do groups 
who are big enough to play the 
Palais for two nights not have 
roadies to do that sort of 
thing? Had the Cray Band 
successfully made the transi- 
tion from club to major 
touring attraction? 

Such suspicions could not 
have been less well founded, 
for Cray rose to the occasion 
with a splendid performance 
that indicated both the 
strength of his latest material 
and bis own increasing con- 
fidence as a performer, 
particularly in the range of 
emotion he is now able to 
convey in his singing. The 
virtues of Cray's guitar-play- 

ing have been scrutinized in 
detail and. despite an attack of 
cramp in his left hand, he was 
in impressive form, conjuring 
delicate melodies out of 
sneaky three- and four-note 
chords during “S.O.F.T." and 
generally living up to his 
reputation as the most imagi- 
native and technically gifted 
of the “new" guitarists in the 
blues or any field. 

Fewer comments however 
have been passed on the merit 
of his band. The crisp, mus- 
cular drumming of David 
Olson, the languid bass-play- 
ing of Richard Cousins and 
the cool, deft organ and piano 
work of Peter Boe have now 
become so cohesive that they 
have begun to resemble such 
all-time greats as Booker T. 
and the M.G.s. not least for 
their observance of the old- 
fashioned virtue of economic, 
sympathetic playing for the 
benefit of the music rather 
than the musicians' ego* . 

David Sinclair 



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Botha’s man under siege 

„ . _ _ 

South Africa's soft- 
spoken London envoy 
admits that he is 
unhappy with the 
rising tide of violence 
in his country. But, he 
told Andrew Duncan, 
the problems are too 
often over-simplified 
by the British media 

I t was an inauspicious start. His 
Excellency, the ambassador 
with the most difficult task in 
London, was half an hour late 
and then said he didn't realize 
he was there for an interview. He 
thought we would discuss doing one 
at a later dale. 

I reminded him that we had been 
through that scenario some months 
previously, that he had now allotted 
me an hour of his time and there was 
a Times photographer hovering who 
would not have been allowed to pass 
the police, security checks, double 
reinforced doors and. finally, his 
locked office wing without full 
knowledge of our purpose. Ah yes. he 
said, and began to recall even the 
small talk of our previous meeting. 

Two years ago. Dr Denis Worrall 
presented his credentials to the 
Prince of Wales as South African 
ambassador to the Court of St James. 
He is a cultured intellectual who 
spent 20 years as a lawyer and 
academic — studying and teaching in 
the United States, Nigeria and South 
Africa — before entering politics in 
1 974 as the appointed Senator for the 
Cape Province. He speaks softly, 
muses about the shortcomings of his 
own government, and has a charm 
that is so compelling it invites 
suspicion. How can such a reason- 
able and civilized man represent a 
pariah nation? 

“He's a very plausible apologist," 
the Liberal leader David Steel says, 
and certainly the ambassador is 
adept at manipulating the media, 
particularly television, which he 
condemns as “terribly superficial It 
deals brilliantly with Mexican earth- 
quakes and mining disasters, but it's 
the worst possible way to present 
complex social issues. 

“I remember my first television 
interview here, with John Tusa. He 
was very aggressive and went over 
the top when 1 remained placid. I 
real .zed. from the apologetic letters 1 
received, that there is a tremendous 
prejudice against television inter- 
viewers. When they are aggressive it 
is interpreted as rudeness by people 
watching at home." 

The picture of a beleaguered 
ambassador allowing himself to be 
bullied is quaint, disarming and 
ridiculous. Dr Worrall, aged 51, is a 
street fighter - as he showed in 
Australia, where he was ambassador 
before London and managed to 
infuriate the Hawke government 

"Some people outside South Af- 
rica are idealistic about the country 
and 1 understand the justness of their 
cause. I also understand the con- 
cerns. fears and aspirations of the 
Afrikaner who has fought against the 
British, battled his way up and feels 
he has contributed enormously to 
the creation of a state which reflects 
his historical symbols. The whites 
support the existing system because 
many of them are frightened of the 
alternatives and, on the basis of; 
experience. I would say they are 

Among the more dogged members 
of his government. Dr Worrall is 
considered to be a closet liberal. Tm 1 
confused about that." he said. 
“Sometimes I think the most useful 
person to latch on to is Edmund 
Burke, with his concepts about 
change and reform. One has to 
recognize the power of tradition and 
the limitation of humans to bring 
about change. But there are also 

‘You have to recognize 
that there are group 
needs... and values 9 

Beleaguered diplomat Dr Denis Worrall at his embassy: “South Africa gets an inordinate qmn mt f of publicity" 

4 Fundamental problems would remain 
even if all South Africa was black 9 

From outside the windows of his 
spacious panelled office at the now 
fortified embassy in Trafalgar 
Square came the shouts, sometimes 
through a megaphone, of the pro- 
testers who assemble in various 
numbers every day. The ambassador 
enters the building through a dif- 
ferent door but occasionally he walks 
past them at lunch-time. 

Apart from that, he says, his 
reception in Britain has been good. 
His Romanian-born wife, Anita, and 
their three sons, aged 14, 12 and 1 1, 
enjoy living here. “There are some 
situations into which you don’t 
easily go. for protocol reasons, but 

‘I wanted to raise the 
level of debate 
about South Africa 9 

put information packages before the 
Liberals and SDP members at their 
conferences might be described as an 
aggressive initiative. 

“! thought we could legitimately 
put our point of view. Shirley 
Williams was idiosyncratic and went 
over the top [she described it as “an 
appalling attempt to intervene in our 

procedures"] and David Sled took 
umbrage because we announced his 
intended visit to South Africa before 
he did. Well he didn't go there to 
promote the interests of our country. 
He went to promote the interests of 
David Steel in Britain, and if he was 
coy about going he shouldn't have 

Paul Mattson 

other ambassadors are in the same 
situation and I am always included 
in normal slate functions. My wife, 
who is more outgoing than I am, has 
established remarkable friendships 

“There is an element of guilt about across all sorts of barriers. 

the aborigines involved when 
Australians criticize South Africa. I 
shot from the hip and was in trouble 
early on. but the Australians like a 
fighter and an underdog. But I 
realized when I came to Britain that 
the culture didn't (end itself to that 
approach. I wanted to raise the level 
of debate about South Africa.” 

“I don’t know if I've succeeded in 
raising the level of debate. South 
Africa gets an inordinate amount of 
publicity and. is an easy, political 
bandwagon, so we just have to 
respond to the unrelenting pressure 
of criticism. I haven’t sought pub- 
licity for myself, or my views, 
although the little venture when we 

TIMES ____ 


Restrained protest; police intervene at an anti-apartheid demonstration 

limes when I find myself recognizing 
the imperatives and necessity of 
moving almost faster than the 
society itself can take.” 

He thought tor a while and then 
added: “Look, it's true I’m not 
happy. No one can be happy with the 
level "of violence, whether it's black 
on black or heavy-handed police 
action — that is difficult to live with 
and demoralizing. Many of us are 
frustrated that the government 
doesn't spell out more clearly the far- 
reaching changes that are taking 
place, and the image which is 
' projected of South Africa is of 
concern to anyone -who loves his 


“It is fashionable to perceive it in 
straight moral black-and-white 
terms. The danger is that by over- 
simplifying you trivialize the pro- 
found problem which is. how do you 
resolve the question of political 
power and privilege? In other coun- 
tries Catholics and Protestants. 
Turks and Greeks. Slovenes and 
Serbs and Croats have difficulty 
living together — yet somehow in 
South Africa Zulus. Afrikaners and 
Asians are supposed to achieve 
harmony just like that 

“Because the question of race is a 
dominant issue in western society. 
South Africa has become one of the 
great international public moral 
issues of the last quarter of the 20th 
century'. I think that reflects a 
triumph of political propaganda. If 
you could make everyone in die 
country black, you would still have 
fundamental difficulties. 

“Last Sunday my youngest son 
and I cycled to Clapham Common 
and I saw a soccer team that was all 
black. Now that's not apartheid 
because it's voluntary. You have to 
recognize that there are group needs, 
interests and values which are not 
going to disappear. It's only the 
proscriptive element which we have 
to do away with — and we are. 

“If you apply objective measures 
of human rights to South Africa. 
Third World and eastern bloc coun- 
tries. you would find that South 
Africa doesn't compare too badly. 
But.” he added bleakly. “I've found 
it difficult to get that sort of 
conversation going.” 

© ISlWBi Nanrspapara LM IMS 

SATURDAY Talk that’s strictly for the birds 

£12,000 to be won 

Laganduy; ‘through cawtromoasuretess to man, down to a sunless sea 1 

Xanadu rediscovered 

‘In Xanadu did Knbla Khan a stately pleasure- 
dome decree', and In Shang~tn did two British 
students discover the site of the Mongol palace 
Coleridge made famous? The Times examines 
the evidence for the rediscovery of Knbla 
Khan's legendary Xanadu 

Beached at 
Bean Vallon 

Early for 
Gifts by 
mail order 

Parrot fanciers have 
been flocking to the 
Canary Islands to 
discuss who's a 
pretty boy, and why 

Large flocks of parrot enthu- 
siasts of several different sub- 
species (German, 

Scandinavian. Filipino, 
American, British and many 
others) were observed on the 
island of Tenerife last week. 
Five hundred -of them had 
Down in to participate in the 
first International Parrot 
Convention.' This, contrary to 
the suspicions of some 
holidaymakers, was not an 
opportunity for Blue-fronted 
Amazons and African Greys to 
exchange squawks across a 
conference table, bat for parrot 
experts, breeders, vets and 
those simply besotted with the 
colourful creatures to compare 

The parrots themselves are 
well-established on Tenerife, 
1,000 birds from 230 species 
enviably housed in the sub- 
tropical surroundings of the 
Loro Parque. This 12-acre 
parrot paradise was started 14 
years ago by Wolfgang 
Kiessling and has become a 
mecca of psittadne society. 

The parrot pundits arrived 
full of eager expectation. In 
the mornings there were lec- 
tures. Long-accepted wisdom 

and an American spoke of 
“The philosphy of parrot 

In the afternoons, conven- 
tion members clustered round 
the cages of such rarities as 
the puvpie-bellled parrot and 
the bine-throated macaw 
which, as recently as 1978, 
was believed to be extinct. 

The Loro Parque is famed 
for its work in breeding en- 
dangered parrots, but even 
there, they do not have an 
Imperial Amazon. Time is 
running out for this magnifi- 
cent bird whose habitat on 
Dominica is fast disappearing 
beneath die onward march of 
banana plantations. During 
the convention, which Wolf- 
gang Kiessling described as “a' 
great party of parrot people 
pooling their knowledge so 
that our friends, the parrots, 
will benefit”, an appeal was 
launched and $20,000 raised 
towards fieldwork which 
might just save the SO or so 
remaining Imperials from 

There remains one question 
to which the experts did not 
address themselves: Is there 
any way of recognizing “parrot 
people” at masse? There was 
certainly a little gentle rivalry 
among the ladies in the way of 
parrot-design earrings and 
clothing. And only true parrot 
lovers would agree with the 
speaker who described a- 
collection of bare, pink, 
scrawny, blind, featherless 
chicks sitting in a plastic 

VWlam Roberts (Tate Gaflery) 

about the breeding habits of bucket as “a beautiful sight". 

Can you always gel your copy of The Times? 

Dear Newsagent, please deliver/save me a copy of The Times 



cockatoos was brushed aside 
like the sweepings from the 
bottom of a cage. The 
complexities of the parrots' 
respiratory' tract have been 
discussed and it emerged that, 
although Arabs have been 
known to pay for an ailing 
falcon to have a body scan, 
parrot owners can seldom 
finance such luxuries- A Ger- 
man expounded on “The im- 
portance of parrots in 
historical and cultural terms”. 

But the best test of all is 
performed by the parrots. 
They only have to shake their 
wings and the creatures on the 
other side of the cage will 
prick up their ears, turn their 
heads on one side and speak. 
Even members of the first 
International Parrot Conven- 
tion have been beard to say, 
"Who's a pretty boy, then?” 

Rosemary Burton 

© Ttma Nnrapapore LM 13M 



1 Ordinary’ seaman (6) 

5 Hanging loosely 16) 

8 Debt chit ( LI. I) 

9 First mentioned {6) 

10 Nakedness (6) 

11 Indian dress (4) 

12 Roman 
Lincoln/ Exeter road 

14 Briefly (6) 

17 Mahogany-like tree 

19 Nonsense (8) 

22 Cosy place (4) 

24 Mouse or marmot (6) 

25 Sovereign remedy {6) 

26 Matecai<31 

27 Frisky (6) 

28 Paris tower engineer 


2 Seem (5) 7 Concealed trap 17) is Pope (7) 

3 Aga Khan SKI (7) LJ Mineral spring {3) 20 Importune (J) 

4 Talley mammal t7) is Greet f7) 21 Irritable (J) 

5 Money resources 13) 16 Illuminated (3) 23 MaliciousK dc- 

6 Old person (5) 17 Ultimate (7) rogaiivc (5j 


ACROSS: 8 Finnan haddock • 9 Sue 10 Organiser 11 Theme l3Nul- 
14 Stirrup 19 Taste 22 Befitting 24 Lob 25 Instantaneous 
DOWN: I Offset 2 Annexe 3 Saboteur 4 Shogun 5 Eden 6 Bon- 
sai 7 Skerry 12 Hoi 14 Litigant 15 Fit ItiSubmil 17 Infest 18 
Points 20 Salmon 21 Emboss 23 Team 

18 Pope(7) 

20 Importune (5) 

21 Irritable (5) 

23 MaliciousK de- 
rogative (5) 

Still picking at 
the seams of 
life’s tapestry 

Comedian Dave Allen, on the eve of a 
14-week ran of his one-man stow. 

finds himself unmellowed by age . 

D rivers blasting their , He has.bew. Uv^w 
horns in s certain London since hts matriaaQ 
elegant Kensington broke up five ywjaga Hfa 
street arc likely to four grown-up chtMren "bvc 

D rivers blasting their 
horns in a certain 
elegant Kensington 
street arc likely to 
find themselves taken to task 
by an Irish comedian being 
anything but funny. “I live 
here and 1 don't want my life 
subjected to horn-blowers," 
Dave Allen tells them. He can 
see no need for horns in cars 
other than to release 

Unnecessary horn-blowing 
is one of the many Met 
noircs which inhabit Allen's 
life. He conducts a one-man 
battle against the irritations 
pnri aggravations of the hi- 
tech. profit-orientated, uni- 
form world around him, 
refusing 10 condone any of it. 
And whether he is filling in 
immigration forms or strug- 
gling to open the plastic bags 
supplied in a roll by super- 
markets, his rebellion is 

Allen is. of course, fortu- 
nate in having the wit to 
utilize his prejudices to enter- 
tain. "1 really do believe that 
humour is not so much about 
laughing at other people as at 
what you do yourself and 
how you react," he says. 

That, he feels, is what the 
Greeks had in mind when 
they created their tragic/ 
comic masks. "Drama is how 
society would like to see 
itself: what we alt are is a load 
of jokes." 

He returns next Thursday 
to the West End stage for a 
14-week run at London's 
Albeiy Theatre. He enjoys 
working alone because it 
means he can alter his act as 
he goes along, start at the end 
and work back to the begin- 
ning if he feels like it. Even 
so. he is happy “darting in 
and out” of his various 
professional pursuits as actor, 
interviewer, documenlarian, 

As a youngster, his in- 
tentions were to follow his 
father — who rose to become, 
managing director of The 
Irish Timet — into journal- 
ism. Instead, be became 
hooked on performing, a 
talent he discovered when he 
first came to England, in 
order to "eat and live and all 

“I wasn't really ambitious 
to do anything in particular.** 
he says of his youth. “I was 
quite like most Irish - in- 
terested in politics because it 
was a pan of life, and social 
issues, but not to the point 
where I was a total fanatic 
about them." 

He was a rebel even as a 
child, playing truant from 
school and educating himself 
instead in Dublin's museums 
and art galleries. "The only 
guilt I suffered was over the 
ract that my father was paying 
quite heavily for my educ- 
ation." In those days, his 
tussles with bureaucracy were 
centred on the uniformed 
commissionaire outside his 
local cinema who got his 
revenge by giving him the 
worst seat in the house. • 
“Authority irks me because it 
doesn’t regard people as peo- 
ple but as things or a percent- 
age of something." he says. “I 
now react to Customs officers 
in the same way as I did to 
that commissionaire." 

B eing able to send 
them up helps, es- 
pecially in front of an 
audience. "I don't 
specifically go out of my way 
to try to make points but 
somewhere along the line 1 
make points because I'm 
annoyed about something. ! 
talk about airports because I 
know something about air- 
ports. I know the chairs are 
made in a certain way to 
make them uncomfortable 
after a certain time. Tm 
convinced that supermarket 
trolleys are made that big to 
make you buy more. I don't 
like the way people are being 
engineered, having psycho- 
logical games played on 

He is a youthful 50. as 
entertaining off-stage as on. 
telling talcs in the casual, 
mocking fashion that has 
become his trademark. 

_ "My humour is an elabora- 
tion of my own style." he 
says. "1 probably make it 
slightly more angry, more 
involved, just bolder strokes 

He has been living » . 
London since his attmaao 
broke up five ye«*ag& His 
four grown-up children "live 
with their mother and five 
with me". His home reflects 
his bachelor status and tut 
priorities. The living room is 
filled with his canvases and: 
paints, his music, his books. , 
French windows lead to 
small country garden .ftp a, 
creating. "I’m working .on ii 

r dually, in the same way a* 
work on my painting*. 
People say ‘You haven’t cut 
the lawn' but I don't want & 
lawn. I want a: meadow 
with buttercups and daisies.; - 

AHraM5fc ‘'authority hies me** .. 1 

He says he does not get ; 
lonely as suck., “There are . * . 

certain people-lid my life . 
whom I miss whipil am awstf .V* 1 ■ 
from them, bur timtY. r - | 
iGneliness." . w., *- V.” T‘"i~ 

- He insists c®sk»ngj3erir a 
: ods of time off rain tu&woril • '} ' 

He needs space trattqu|tt<f -TrJ; • 
lityv to paint *0 gardenutd "t. .j. 
read, 10 stand and s tare. . /•'_ •' . 

“rm quite brig hsRk. The • 
days go very qiifi&ly.TTl sit . 
down JO write something and /. 
get up to maker .a cup of tea '■ y . ,- 
and it’s seven o clock in the - J; ; 
evening. I suppose that's one 
way of knowing you’re get- 
ting older." • V 

A nd then there are 

those • irresistible . ' * 
bugbears parading 4 
through his life, beg- _ . 
ging 10 be publicly slain. His i 
latest is uniformity of Ian- -x) 
guage: “the right honour^- : ; „ri. 
ables, your honours, the 5 
reverends, his .holiness, ttiy 7 * 
learned friend — titles which 
are, in a sense, there to keep 
us down. Even in the lan- 
guage we are being con- 
ditioned 10 respect and touch 
our forelock to the church.- a ~ 
politics, the military. Tm not 
a sergeant comedian. ;:>} "X-3 
~i think today there 
possibly a greater loss 
individuality than evw 
fore. If I think of thenamesofc 7 [rm 
the past - Franco. Hitleft* 
Chamberlain. Churchill.,, 
Roosevelt... - whatever. 
they were, they were radivufr'.-vsS 
uals. Now there's a great grey - 43 
quality about everyone. 

“Even in my own business --O?* 
there used to be agents who 
were characters. Now there 
are lawyers. Thirty years ago I 
would shake hands for a 
contracL Now ihcre’s clause ~:S 
upon clause and tt just goes r 
on and ..becomes greyer. • l 
People have gpt their heads ■ ... ! 
down now." . 

He has learnt much j 

himself over the yirars. “I 
know my certain dislikes and - :"S 

tolerance levels, [.know thar-fr^S 
can be opinionated and that L 
can be crass al times, boorishr 
even" : v ;’j 

He talks to himsdf.-chides ' 3 
himself, compliments hUn--' * 
self, tells himself jokes. In the’ J 
KHchcn he adopts the. ten; 
guage of the cuisine. “If rm ' " 
cooking an Italian meal l 
drink wine, I wave ray .bands >, -• 
and 1 talk about 
Italian accent” . .. 

He enjoys cooking, like ■ . , 
throwing things in and seeing .. 
what happens^ I don't befieve .. 
in the rules" 

Sally Brompton : 

g) Pm— Wwip^nn U) tm 







Hamilton place. London \vr ■ i 
TEL: 01 -409 0566 

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f Ai-iis 


S Moo- mr 8 Frt *. Sal 5 30 A %>>0 

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Jy . , T . 

jLjy mhil 


, of Virginia 

jienrietta Garnett, a scion of the Bloomsbury 
group, wants her first novel to be judged on 
its own merits. Liz Hodgkinson reports 

v +> 




W hen Henrieua Garnett 
and I were friends at 
school, we each wrote 
projections of how we 
thought the other would be as an 
adult. I remember predicting that 
Henrietta would marry spectacu- 
lar^ early and also become a 
famous writer. I was. as it hap- 
pened. correct on the first count, but 
the second did not take any 
particular act of clairvoyance on my 
part. As Virginia Woolf was her 
great aunt, and the novelist David 
Garnen her father, it was a fair bet 
that writing would be in her genes. 

In the event her talent — preco- 
cious and original as a schoolgirl — 
has taken a long time to mature, and 
only now, 25 years after those 
predictions were made, has she 
completed her first novel Family 
Skeletons, published this week. The 
book, one has to say. is a most 
peculiar offering — a strange, haunt- 
ing talc, of a beautiful, isolated 
young girl's struggle to come to 
terms with the many tragedies that 
almost overwhelm her. 

The overwhelming impression is 
of a totally new voice, one un- 
touched by any obvious literary 
heritage. It is also right out of the 
mainstream of modem women's 

If her fiction seems strange, the 
facts of Henrietta Garnett's life are 
even stranger. Married at 17 to “the 
most bcautifUl man I have ever 
■— her half-brother's cousin. 



Burgo Partridge - she was widowed 
a year later when her daughter was 
three weeks old. Burgo simply died 
of a heart attack. So, when the rest 
of us at Huntingdon Grammar 
School were studying for A-levels 

and applying to university, Henri- 
etta was. at 18, already both a 
mother and a widow. 

"Buigo's death at the age of 27 
was so shocking I simply didn't 
know what to do.” says Henrietta, 
now 41 and possessed of the kind of 
haggard beauty 1 remember she had 
longed for when she was 16. "My 
father look me to lunch to try to 
cheer me up, and gave me a copy of 
Les Liaisons Dangtocuses. It was 
kindly meant, but the last thing I 
wanted at that time was any kind of 
liaison. Although our marriage was 
so brief it was very-happy. I felt I 
could not stay in England any 
longer, so I wem to Spain with my 
daughter, h was much less touristy 
and more beautiful then.” 

She had been left £10,000 in her 
husband's will so. in 1963, she had 
no immediate financial worries."! 
did some writing in Spain.” she 
says. "But actually 1 found it much 
easier to read and be a bookworm 
and lark about. I used to dance a lot 
in those days and went to many 

Henrietta became a nomad, rest- 
lessly travelling to places as diverse 
as Iceland and the Sahara Desert. 
"Had my husband not died. I don't 
think 1 would have felt the need to 
travel quite so much.” she told me 
as we sai in the Bloomsbury Crest 
Hotel, in the Lady Oltolinc Room, 
where all round the walls are 
pictures of her famous relatives. 

"I suppose 1 hoped that travelling 
would help me forget my grief. But 
in the mid-60s I came back to 
England and had a truly wonderful 
time, meeting pop stars and mu- 
sicians and living it up. 1 became 
very much a part of the Swinging 

achieved. I felt l started off with a 
built-in handicap.” 

Henrietta believes another reason 
h took her so long to find her voice 
as a writer was because she missed 
her true vocation as an actress. "My 
elder sister went to drama school 
and it was felt that I couldn't just 
follow in her footsteps,” she saicL 
"In fact, my sister was the natural 
writer, and I was the natural actress. 
.So I had to leant my craft slowly and 
painfully. I had to fed anything I 
published had individual merit. 
Now I find that although the act of 
writing is difficult, it's something I 
can't not da It has become 

O f Family Skeletons, Henri- 
etta says: "The book took 
me so long to write be* 
cause I knew it had to be 
good. It's written from the top of my 
unconscious, not the deepest re- 
cesses. 1 don't think I was working 
through any hidden neurosis. I see 
the book as my actress personality 
coming through. 

"I wanted the book to be like 
going to a very good party, where 
you are entertained hut also kept 
slightly in suspense. 

"Obviously, I could have written 
under a pseudonym so that 
comparisons with Virginia Woolf 

for example, wouldn't immediately 

Henrietta Garnett "I wanted the book to be like going tea good party* 

Sixties, but then got bored with the 
life and toured the country with my 
daughter in gypsy caravans.” 


l was after Henrietta's gypsy 
caravan phase that the 
"Bloomsbury bonanza” hap- 
pened "When I was a school- 
girl, Virgjna Woolfs reputation was 
at a very low ebb.” she said. 
"Nobody had heard of her. though 
when I was in the third form at 
school, my father's book. Lady Into 
Fox. was set for A levels. It seemed 
to me entirely natural that I should 
have writers in the family. It never 
occurred to me at the time that it 
was actually very unusual to have 
such talent on both sides of the 

All this time Henrietta continued 

to write, but privately. "I had loved 
dancing as a young woman.” she 
said. "But then, when living in 
France I had a bad accident and my 
leg was in plaster for six months. It 
was during this time I had the great 
good fortune to meet a French 
composer, Jacques Foisy, who said 
to me: ‘You have to understand that 
your body is now permanently 
damaged and it is now time for you 
to use your brain instead. It's 
obvious you're a writer, you always 
have been, and now you must get on 
and write.' 

„ "The problem really was all my 
famous relations. 1 had been put off 
trying to get anything published 
because I couldn't help thinking 
that whatever I did it would never 
be as good as anything they've 

have been invited. But then 
thought: Why should I? Sitting in 
this room looking at pictures of all 
. my relations, and thinking about 
their achievements I want to go up 
to them and say ‘Thank you very 
much'. I think I've been damned 
lucky in my family — to have grown 
up in beautiful houses, to be 
surrounded by people at the fore- 
front of so many avant-garde lit- 
erary and political movements. 

"lam prepared for people to read 
my book and say: It's not a patch 
on Virginia Woolf. But I'm not her 
reincarnation and I write as 

Although Henrietta, with her two 
sisters and two cousins, owns the 
rights of To The Lighthouse, she 
said it has not made her rich. 
"Obviously the book's continuing 
success has meant I haven't 
starved,” she said "But as the 
copyright will come to an end in a 
few years. I've got to earn my own 
living at last.” 

As for her prediction on my adult 
life. Henrietta can't remember now 
what she wrote. "I do remember, 
though, that at the age of 16 we all 
agreed to meet in 10 years' time at 
King's Cross station. But we never 

@nam Nnrapipan Ltd 1988 

Family Skeletons is published by 
(iollancz. price £9.95. 

Photographs by HARRY KERR 


Try a little tenderness 

UNGARO: pleats and flowers 

ALAlX: swing and cling SAINT LAURENT: giiiy gingham 

Delicate flower prints, 
succulent colours and* flirty 
silk dresses have marked the . 
ready-to-wear collection of the 
Paris cooturiers. Sports wear 
has been abandoned in favour 
of more feminine clothes. 

Yves Saint Laurent pro- 
duced some of his old magic — 
bnt with hardly a classic 
blazer or grey flannel pant in 
sight. Seductive pearl grey 
denim, curvy sarong skirts and 
dinging off-the-shonUer knits 
gave a youthful image to the 
Rhre Gauche collection, which 
celebrated its twentieth birth- 
day this season. 

Saint Laurent's tailoring 
looked fresh for curvy bolero 
jackets spattered with gold 
tattoos. Tender is the night — 
and the day - with ravishingjy 
pretty printed sQk dresses, 
decorated with bows and rnf- 


lies. Colours were sweet blue 
and rose pink, with hotter 
orange or red trimming to 
tastier bodices and Spanish 
tiered skirts. 

Valentino was also 
and flirtatious. Frothy spotti 
dresses whipped round die 
•bodice and burst into exu- 
berant frills at the knee. This 
was an exceptionally pretty 
collection where small flower 
(Hints were mixed with argyil 
check, and short sharp dresses 
with tangorous longer tines. 

Ungaro's prints were wild 
mixes of colour and pattern 
that looked most graceful as 
soft pyjama trousers and most 
fun as short ruffled dresses. 
Dior had very strong colours 

and an elegant Leslie Caron in 
the audience. 

The whacky new Chanel 
image has rubbed off on the 
once staid couture houses. 
Hermes, whose young de- 
signer Eric Bergtre has al- 
ready sharpened up the well- 
bred designs, was in quiet 
mood this season, apart from a 
strong goup in sophisticated 
denim, a runaway Fans suc- 
cess story. 

Azzedine Abtia is not ding- 
ing quite so dose to the curves, 
and introduced mid-calf 
dresses and whiriy skirts. His 
flaring shorts and ingenue 
dresses gave Alula's body- 
conscious dotfaes a softer 
edge. Bnt ding went with a 
swing for his second-skin 
stretch swimsuits. 

Snzy Menkes 


Little and 

Henry, the 121b 5©z son of 
Mrs Joan Sayers of 
Attleborough in Norfolk has — 
surprisingly — much in com- 
mon with Nicola Bell, the lib 
14oz Middlesbrough girl born 
of a brain-dead mother. Apart 
from the fact Chat they were 
born in the same week, both 
need special attention. Fortu- 
nately in Henry's case the 
Norfolk and Norwich Hos- 
pital reports that he is doing 
welL Nicola, too, seems to be 
bolding her own and as each 
day goes past there is a better 
chance that she will survive. 
Statistics show that in a well- 
run neonatal paediatric centre 
80 per cent of babies born at 28 
weeks survive, as do half of 
those delivered in the 26th 
week of pregnancy. Nicola is 

unfortunately rather smaller 
titan the average baby of 32 

Thirty years ago survival 
from 26 weeks was almost 
unheard of. If all babies who 
needed it were to receive this 
standard of care the number of 
cots designated for intensive 
care would have to be in- 
creased from the present pro- 
vision of 641, of which only 
473 are in operation, to 729 — 
or one per thousand live 
births. Despite the recom- 
mendations of The Royal Col- 
lege of Obstetricians, Hie 
British Paediatric Association 
and a committee of The House 
of Commons, provision is stfll 
inadequate. Paediatricians 
maintain that saving on the 
care of the newborn is a false 
economy. Every 1 child who 
survives, but is irreparably 
damaged, costs the state a 
great deal more than the 
additional expense erf an extra 
neonatal intensive care cot. 

As a result of research by scientists from the 
Royal National Institute for the Deaf, it is hoped 
that by wearing a 3in by2in vibratory gadget on 
their wrists patients wilt soon be able to "feei" 
and "see" some of the sounds they cannot 
hear. The Tactile Acoustic Monitor incorporates 
a device which vibrates with varying Intensity 

according to the nature and loudness of the sounds it is pick- 
ing up. it is also fitted with a light, which flickers in a variable 
pattern. A trial is now being carried out using 250 profoundly 
deaf people. 

if successful the gadget will have two main applications. It 
will help the deaf to distinguish the telephone from the 
doorbell, for example, or enable them to "hear" traffic noise, 
voices, footsteps and doors banging, it will also help patients 
to appreciate the loudness of their own voice and judge the 
level of background noise against which they are speaking. 
Each TAM costs £125, and the institute has initially ordered 
500. it is not distributing them to individual patients, but is 
working through speech therapists and ear, nose and throat 



Stress incontinence - having 
problems bolding one's urine 
when naming, coughing, cry- 
ing, or doing heavy work — is a 
surprisingly common bet 
rarely discussed complaint 
among women. 

It is usually the result of 
child-bearing. Daring delivery 
the pndendaL, inferior rectal 
and perineal nerves leading to 
the muscles aroimd the ure- 
thra and anal canal are dam- 
aged, either by being over- 
stretched by the passage of the 
baby's head, or by direct 
pressure. Statistics show that 
the more children a woman 
has had the more likely she is 
to suffer incontinence and that 
forceps delivery increases the 
chance of nerve damage. 

Dr Michael Swash, a 
neurologist at The London and 
St Mark's Hospital, has made 
a study of incontinence due to 
nerve damage. He says that 
although most of the cases he 
investigates are due to child- 
birth, straining doe to long- 
standing constipation can also 
be responsible and that in old 
age women with arthritic 
spines are also apt to suffer 
damage to the nerve roots. 

Once it has occurred the 
symptoms can be prevented 
from worsening by surgical 
repair of the pelvic floor. As 
full recovery - even after 
surgery — is unlikely, preven- 
tion becomes of prime im- 
portance. 5a when labour is 

likely to be difficult, early 
caesarean section holds the 
advantage of preventing dam- 
age to the pelvic floor nerve 
supply — ami preventing 
furore incontinence. The 
gynaecologist who boasts 
about "getting away with a 
forceps delivery” or the mid- 
wife who allows her patient an 
overlong labour m order to 
deliver naturally may be 
sentencing patients to a life- 
time of wet underclothes. 

Peril in the 




gby Club 
fixtures for the 
next fortnight in 
I .order to pre- 
vent the spread 
of "scrumpox". Better known 
as impetigo, scrumpox cau- 
ses purulent blisters and 
crusting sores on the face 
and legs. It is introduced by 
an infected nasal discharge 
or saliva and thereafter 
spreads as faces rub to- 
gether in the scrum. Treat- 
ment should be with foe 
appropriate antibiotic. 

Recertify ft has been sug- 
gested that the Aids virus 
might be disseminated in the 
same way. And although 
there is no record of Hepatitis 
B — which is much more 
infectious than Aids — being 
transmitted in the scrum, 
people who are HIV positive 
are advised not to play rugby. 

Dr Thomas Stnttaford 

„ . *>■: 

look a nuMbtt do$m^rouro$im£ opening at 61 t Pimu B l&f 




£ale,dajd& forntmow. 



Hilary Spiers 

Strangers in the night 

Hallowe’en may be a 

week away, but now 

is the time to curb 


^ Every day, or so it 
m seems to the anxious 
parent, grim confimta- 
^^Htton of man's m- 
humanity to child 
makes news. Primary school 
children are, quite properly, 
deliberately terrified at school 
with a film about the dangers 
of talking to strangers, or 
accepting gifts from them. But 
still children are abducted, 
violated, tortured. 

Yet on at least one occasion 
a year, children are en- 
couraged or, at the very least, 
given tacit approval to seek 
out strangers, soliciting the 
very sweets they are normally 
forbidden to accept. Without 
parental supervision, they are 

reports of razor blades se- 
creted in apples, and of poi- 
soned sweets. A sick revenge 
indeed, but the papers are full 
of the unbalanced behaviour 
of a small minority towards 
children. So why put them 
deliberately at risk?. 

Recent years have seen the 
virtual disappearance of the 
Guy on display before Bonfire 
Night. Children are riot fools: 
they can see the weakness of a 
gambit which permits some 
people to look the other way 
and hurry by at no expense. 

allowed to roam the neigh- 

bourhood, knocking on 
doors of people they may not 
know and, on penalty of a 
trick, to demand a treat. ' 

The victims of these atten- 
tions are inconvenienced, pes- 
tered and sometimes threat- 
ened if they invoke their right 
to refuse these beggars. A 
friend who was trying to quiet 
a fractious baby disturbed by 
the constant knocking posted 
"No Trick or Treats” on her 
door. The disappointed callers 
balanced a milk bottle on her 
doorhandle, which smashed at 
her feet when she later opened 
the door. On another occa- 
sion. the cars of those people 
who declined to "treat” the 
children were deliberately 
scratched, or front doors were 
heavily crayoned. 

It is not ail one-sided. In 
America, where this custom 
originated, there have been 

compared with the near cer- 
tainty of reward if the punter 
is snared on his own doorstep. 
This is highway robbery 
brought home. 

Nobody likes to be thought 
mean-spirited or just plain 
mean, especially when the 
disappointed party is likely to 
identify the miser and killjoy 
with earpieremg clarity next 
day in the supermarket. But in 
an age of regrettably high risk 
and increasing disregard for 
the feelings and wellbeing of 
others, what kind of favour or 
treat are we really 
affording our children 
by meekly succumbing 

to their 



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- 8 

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...» • 



. ■* 




with Rosie 

Was a cider-swilling reception to 
blame for the shock European 
Parliament vote on Tuesday night 
for a Communist resolution seek- 
ing punitive sanctions against 
South Africa? Minutes before the 
narrow five- vote division a goodly 
number of centre and right-wing 
Euro-MPs were at a partv or- 
ganized by British Tories to 
celebrate British Week, an ex- 
hibition orBritish goods including 
cider, cheeses and pork pies. A 
spokesman assures me that all 
British Conservative members, 
under a three-line whip to vote. 
had left the party by voting lime; 
nevertheless, according to the 
official figures, about a dozen 
failed to vote. Perhaps it was the 
Christian Democrats who failed to 
make it back in time: 39 failed to 
vote. At least British Labour 
MEPs were in no doubts as to 
where their duties lay. They 
boycotted the party over ideologi- 
cal objections to the plus-fours 
and tweeds on show — which, they 
said, presented an upper-class 
image of Britain. 

Orlov’s move 

A British university could soon 
have the chance to sign up Yuri 
Orlov, the 62-year-old Soviet dis- 
sident released by Gorbachov 
before the Reykjavik summit. 
Orlov comes to Britain in Decem- 
ber. and his friend. John Mac- 
donald QC. tells me that although 
he has been offered research 
positions at both Stanford and 
Cornell universities, “he will cer- 
tainly be looking at the possibility 
of working in Europe, and that 
includes Britain". A prominent 
human rights campaigner. Orlov 
is also one of the world's leading 
nuclear physicists. He now wants 
to engage in more theoretical 

• Following Wednesday night's 
Booker Prize, Kingsley Amis's 
publishers have received orders for 
no fewer than 20.000 copies of The 
Old Devils — a record, according to 
the National Book League. 

Tall tales 

Kingsley Amis's victory aside, the 
high point of the evening was a 
splendidly comical post-prandial 
speech by the chairman or the 
judges. Anthony Thwaite. casting 
his mind back a hundred years to 
the Booker ceremony of 1886. He 
recalled that one contender that 
year was Henry' James's The 
Bostonians, which had impressed 
the then chairman of the judges. 
Edmund Gosse. .Alas. Thwaite 
reported. James was an American, 
and was therefore disqualified. 
Although two contending books 
were by the young George Gissing 
(“infinitely depressing, but truly 
serious"), the real battle was 
between Rider Haggard’s King 
Solomon 's Mines and the front 
runners. Robert Louis Stevenson's 
Dr Jckyll and Mr Hyde and 
Thomas Hardy's The Mayor of 
Casterhridgc. Unfortunately. 
Thwaite confessed, crucial gaps in 
the historical record meant the 
identity of the w inner was lost. 


•At least he won't be forgotten by this 
rime next year* 


More gremlins at the House of 
Commons printers. Tory MP Sir 
John Biggs-Davison has found his 
parliamentary question to the 
Northern Ireland Secretary. Tom 
King, about the working' of the 
Anglo-Irish agreement has been 
primed as a request for a state- 
ment about “the operation oh the 
Anglo-Irish Agreement". “Would 
there had been." says Biggs- 
Davison. trustee of the Friends of 
the Union and one of the 
agreement's severest critics. 


It is not only the Foreign Office 
who are sticklers for protocol. The 
US Ambassador to Luxembourg. 
Jean Gerrard. is said to be in hot 
water with the State Department 
for a supposed breach of etiquette. 
Earlier this month, she left her 
post to travel to Paris for talks 
with foreign diplomats attached to 
Uncsco and cabled an account of 
her adventures and ideas for a 
revamped version of Uncsco to 
Vice-President George Bush and 
the State Department. When the 
offical US observer at Unesco. 
Richard Miller, got to hear about 
her visit from Unesco delegates, 
he cabled a protest to Washington 
saying it was simply against rules 
for envoys to trespass on the 
territory of oLhcr officials without 
informing them. Gerrard. pre- 
viously leader of America's pre- 
withdrawal mission to Unesco. 
insists she did have State Depart- 
ment permission. “There's no 
prohibition on American Ambas- 
sadors seeing old friends in other 
counine*." she says. 

It is the twin accidents of geog- 
raphy and timing thai have made 
London's Big Bang echo around 
the world. The liberalization of the 
London markets started at pre- 
cisely the moment when inter- 
national financial markets were 
undergoing their most radical 
change in at least the past half 
century. International banking is 
being replaced by a new. world- 
wide securities market. Since 
London was already the centre of 
international banking, the City 
would have experienced enor- 
mous upheaval, whatever the fate 
of the London Stock Exchange 
and the gilts market. 

Most of the guesses about the 
effects of the Big Bang have 
concerned who. among the dozens 
of contenders, will come out on 
top. A more pressing question for 
those outside the City is whether a 
global securities market is a more 
efficient and safer method of 
channelling capital around the 
world than the commercial bank- 
ing system, which fell victim from 
1982 to an intractable crisis over 
the inability of poorer countries to 
pay for their enormous debts. 

The debt crisis in the develop- 
ing world and the uneven pattern 
of growth among richer countries 
in the past five years caused 
international capital Rows to 
switch away from the North-South 
direction which characterized the 
boom in lending to developing 
countries in the 1 970s. Money has 
moved instead between the large 
industrial powers, mainly from 
Japan to the United States, pro- 
pelled by a surplus of savings in 

Beyond the 
City, a vaster 

by Dr Michael von Clemm 

Japan, the American budget defi- 
cit and different rates of growth in 
the main industrial economies. 

This pattern of capital flows, 
from large institutional savers to 
credit-worthy borrowers within 
the industrial world, was ideally 
suited to the securities markets. 
The big difference between 
commercial bank lending and 
financing through securities mar- 
kets is that banks have hitherto 
been permanent middlemen: the 
risk of default stayed, with the 
loan, on their own books. In 
securities markets, the risks are 
passed on to the investor owning 
the bonds, shares ot the dozens of 
hybrids now on offer. 

Investors are more willing to 
take this risk when the borrower is 
familiar and inflation is low. 
Against this background, the 
securities industry flourished as 
never before. In the first half of 
this year, securities accounted for 
more than 85 per cent of the S250 

billion (3t an annual rate} raised 
on international capital markets, 
compared with about 50 per cent 
in 1983. 

The world's financial system 
ought, in theory, to be much safer 
now that the risks of acting as the 
funnel for international capital 
flows are shared among thou- 
sands. even millions, of investors 
rather than by a few dozen banks. 

In practice, commercial banks 
are still acting as middlemen, and 
hence concentrating risk in the 
financial system because they are 
trying to make up for low profits 
on loans by buying and holding 
huge quantities of bonds instead: 
banks' holdings of international 
securities had reached $ 1 50 billion 
by the end of 1 985. 

This is just one sign that any 
threat to financial stability from 
the new global securities markets 
emerging in London and else- 
where is less likely to come from 
the risks entailed by innovations 

and heavy trading in securities 
than from the decay in traditional 
banking which these new markets 

The fact that the international 
financial system is now on a 
sounder footing than it was five 
years ago. thanks to the global 
equivalent of next week's Big 
Bang, is still not assurance enough 
for the sterner critics of freer 
financial markets. Taking their 
cue from Keynes, they argue that 
financial markets which are a 
model of efficiency are more likely 
— because of their liquidity and 
the ease with which players can 
unde in and out — to facilitate 
speculation and harm the rest of 
the economy. 

Changing the way capital mar- 
kets work will not remove distor- 
tions in the world economy. But it 
is true that, as international 
capital markets become more 
efficient, they put more pressure 
on politicians to co-ordinate their 
economic policies and make fail- 
ures in international policy-mak- 
ing — of the kind which we have 
witnessed in the past year — much 
more costly. 

The markets are not a cause of 
international economic problems 
any more than modern commu- 
nications are a cause of political 
tension between countries. They 
do make it urgent that govern- 
ments learn to settle their dif- 
ferences more quickly. 

The author is chairman of Merrill 
Lynch Capital Markets. This is 
biased on a paper to the House of 
Commons Treasury and Civil 
Service Committee. 

David Watt 

Kenneth Minogue traces the roots of the new intolerance to two sources: the centrality 
of the Nazi experience, and the ideological tendencies of the academic method itself 

Hitler with everything 

David Selboume’s troubles with 
Ruskin College have highlighted a 
curious face that the very institu- 
tions which ought to be the 
bastions of freedom and tolerance 
actually contain some of the most 
bigoted and intolerant people in 
our society. John Stuart Mill 
stated an opinion which, if argu- 
able about society at large, would 
seem to be unarguable within a 
university: “If all mankind minus 
one. were of one opinion, and only 
one person were of the contrary 
opinion, mankind would be no 
more justified in silencing that one 
person, than he. if he had the 
power, would be justified in 
silencing mankind.'' Not it would 
seem, if that person holds a 
hereditarian view of intelligence, 
is a dry Conservative, defends 
Israeli foreign policy, or has 
written for The Times. And these 
examples are merely drawn from 
recent headlines: even more strik- 
ing dogmatism is to be found in 
departments of philosophy or 
economics or some of the social 
sciences, where favoured doc- 
trines often hold despotic sway. 

This condition of things finds 
no reflection in academic rhetoric. 
“Criticism" is still honorific in the 
mouths of dons; “orthodoxy" 
largely a term of abuse. The heroic 
rebel is admired, just so long as. 
like Socrates, he is safely dead 
The live rebel is more likely to face 

Academic intolerance, however, 
has diverse roots according to 
whether it is primarily manifested 
by student activists or by dons 
themselves. The first of these roots 
lies in one of the great moral 
endeavours of the twentieth cen- 
tury Europeans: namely to make 
the Nazi Holocaust of the Jews 
unthinkable for all future lime. 
Here was a conviction so power- 
ful. and apparently so rationally 
grounded, that it must necessarily 
override all lesser considerations. 
The world must be saved from a 
replay of Nazism, and denying a 
platform to believers in evil might 
seem to be the way to do it 

No one who has experienced a 
quite physical sense of dizziness 
and disorientation at the discov- 
ery that there arc a few people who 
actually deny the historical reality 
of the Holocaust will fail to 
understand the force of this 
conviction. Such a denial of the 
Holocaust, to the extent that it is 
more than the eccentricity of a few 
lunatics, would seem to mean that 
there is no moral truth, no matter 
how overpowering it may seem, 
which will infallibly commend 
itself to the whole of the human 
race. Mankind, it would seem, is 
irredeemably subject to whatever 
gusts of thought and feeling might 
blow. That the Holocaust was 
possible at all was bad enough: 
that it might recur is intolerable. 

Vet the history of the last half 
century suggests that in moral 
questions no less than in military, 
wc are always ready and eager to 
fight the Iasi war all over again. 
Specifically, the question is: pre- 
cisely what is the lesson we should 
learn from the Nazi experience. It 
can hardly be the moral principle 
that mass’ slaughter is wrong: we 
knew that on general grounds 
already, h is more likely to be the 
practical judgement that certain 
sons of opinion lead, or are likely 
to lead, to evil political acts. But 
thai conclusion forces upon us 
several further difficult problems. 

What precisely is the opinion 
likely to lead to these evil con- 
sequences? On the narrowest 
view, it is the racial genetics and 
political paranoia of Mein Kampf 
which is hardly these days a 
candidate for popular acclaim, 
though it could do with watching. 
More generally . the death-dealing 
opinion might be whatever goes 
b\ the name of “racialism", and 
such seems to be the current view. 
But the idea of racialism has. in 
recent decades, shown a remark- 
able propensity to expand its 
scope, and Is in danger of destroy- 
ing its effectiveness as a pejorative 
by becoming merely the tool of 
aggresMvc political sects. If it 
becomes "racialist" virtually to 
breathe, as is threatened by the 
concept of "institutional racial- 
ism". then the idea will finallv 


We must invoke 
the words of 
Hertzen: They 
are not the 
doctors — they 
are the disease 

have lost all connection with its 
founding experience. Sometimes 
the practical conclusion to be 
drawn from the Nazi experience is 
extended in another direction by 
generalizing it even further. What 
we are thought to have learned 
from the Nazi experience is the 
evils of something called “dis- 
crimination". which occurs when- 
ever we treat human beings 
differently on the basis of natural 
and unchangeable physical char- 
acteristics. such as colour or sex. 

On the other hand, twentieth 
century experience shows that 
evils on a similar scale, and 
similarly homfic. may be commit- 
ted by those whose basic ideas and 
explicji opinions would seem to be 
of unimpeachable purity. It was 
not the pursuit of any racialist 
form of nonsense that led Stalin 
and Pol Pot to massacres on the 
same scale as those of Hitlerian 
genocide: they merely wanted to 
build, so they said, a juster and 
happier society. And if we remem- 
ber that there have been people of 
racialist opinions who have not 
gone on to implement them in 
genocide, it becomes hard to deny 
that the relationship between a 
belief on the one hand and an evil 
political policy on the other is 
highly contingent. 

We really do seem to be back 
then, to the most pessimistic 
hypothesis, which is that the 
human propensity to evil isaluays 
a risk, that it cannot be reliably 
diagnosed in advance from the 
occurrence of any particular opin- 
ion. and that we had belter remain 
on the am me against recurrence. 
It is not only freedom which 
requires constant vigilance. Sur- 
v i\al requires it. too. 

The grand moral project of our 
century — that wc should actually 
learn something from the Nazi 
experience — has been ship- 
wrecked by shallow ftna“cs keen 
to win an argument h; introducing 
Hitlerian comparisons into every 
discussion. For these reasons, the 
basic contention of the student 
fanatics in our midst — that thev 

arc courageously stamping on an 
evil before it gets out of control — 
cannot be accepted. Indeed, we 
must invoke the words of Hertzen: 
They are not the doctors, they are 
the disease. 

Yet we cannot attribute the 
persecutory zeal to be found in 
universities, most recently at Rus- 
kin College and in Bristol Univer- 
sity. simply to the degeneration of 
a noble moral idea. For the other 
roots of academic intolerance can 
be found closer to the academic 
tradition itself. These roots will 
certainly be found, for example, in 
the prev alence of ideological doc- 
trines in all the discursive subjects 
taught in universities, where 
“ideology" means a comprehen- 
sive doctrine diagnosing the evils 
of the very social structure we are 
thought to live under, and 
advocating a process of liberation 
into a supposedly better world. On 
the assumption that a doctrine has 
at last grasped the saving truth 
about the world, then it might 
indeed be thought both un- 
desirable and dangerous to permit 
other opinions, necessarily false 
and misleading, to be spread. 

Marxists constitute by far the 
largest and most influential of 
these groups, though they are by 
no means the only exemplars. It is 
5ignificanL however, that virtually 
all recent cases of suppression of 
free speech have been inspired by 
left-wing ideas. 

Marxism, particularly in univ- 
ersities. comes in all shapes and 
sizes, and there are certainly some 
Marxists who arc innoeem’of this 
kind of intolerance. But it hardly 
needs arguing that the dominant 
tendency of Marxism ts to sup- 
press ali competing opinions the 
momem this is possible. All 
Marxist revolutions, whatever the 
hisiuric culture in which they 
hvxome entrenched, have set 
about the task of suppressing all 
miel factual opposition the very 
moment they attain power, and 
the lact that some Marxists in 
Britain attempt to do the same 
thing in universities even before 
they have attained political power 
testifies to the same point. It is. in 
fact- by looking at the characteris- 
tics of ideologies like Marxism 
that uc can begin to understand 
the surprising intolerance of aca- 
demic culture. Academic life has 
two aspects: the discussion of 
competing views and opinions 
earned on between equals, which 
lor some purposes includes stu- 
dents: and the pedagogic activity 
of leaching the young, which is 

distinctly a relation of unequals. 

Pedagogy is a dangerous busi- 
ness even where what is to be 
transmitted is the generally un- 
controversial material of the 
school teacher. In universities 
where doctrines which might well 
a flea the conduct of the whole 
scope of life are often at issue, 
irrelevant Salvationist passions 
commonly arise, leading to the 
division of universities into bit- 
terly competing schools. And it is 
commonly the case that the 
proprietors of such saving doc- 
trines — in such subjects as 
political philosophy or English 
literature - come to prefer the 
authority of the rostrum to the 
rough-and-tumble of controversy 
with equals. It's more relaxing, 
and the dear water of truth is less 
likely to be muddied by the 
perverse misunderstandings of the 

Academic intolerance, however. , 
is no less complicated than the ! 
moral implications of the Holo- . 
causL Just as in that case there is ; 
no clear and unambiguous im- 
plication to guide our steps in a 
complicated moral and political 
world, so with academic intol- 
erance one cannot just invoke the 
canons of freedom of speech and 
recommend that dons should be 
more tolerant in their intellectual 
dealings with one another. For it is 
the business of those who profess a 
subject to be dear about what is 
legitimately controversial in their 
discipline, and what, on the 
contrary, is to be judged mere 

There can be little doubt that 
the broadening of the academic 
world and the expansion of 
universities has brought a lot of 
charlantarx into universities: but 
it remains true that the judgement 
of just w hat is. and what is not. 
beyond the disciplinary' pale is 
itself a matter of judgement. The 
best we can hope for is that 
judgement on these matters is 
vital and continuous, and that the 
worse gives way to the better. 

We can. however, do one thing 
more than this. We can move the 
whole discussion away from the 
question of rights and freedom of 
speech. Wc may observe that 
whatever the academic judgement 
may be. civilized conduct between 
fellow citizens, rather than the 
barbarities of tribal or class war- 
fare. is a necessary condition of 
academic life. 

The author ts professor itf political 
'■acm e al the London School of 
Finn mini's 

The crumbling 
of Pinochet 


Chile produces an acute sense or 
schizophrenia. Physically one 
feels infinitely isolated. The tower- 
ing snows of the Andes can be seen 
at the end of half the streets of the 
capital, splendidly but firmly cut- 
ting off the outside world. And yet 
here, at the very last station on the 
line, is this strangely familiar city 
peopled with recognizable faces, 
European styles, and names which 
are English. French and German if . 
they are not Spanish. The Latin- 
American stereotypes do not ap- 
ply here. This is no corrupt banana 
republic: nor. though there is 
serious poverty, is it a revolu- 
tionary mass of aboriginal hunger 
seething beneath a thin crust of old 
Spanish plutocracy. 

It feels, in fact, with its 11 
million people, two-thirds of them 
middle class, its relatively sophis- 
ticated economy, its strong demo- 
cratic tradition, its lively 
intelligentsia and its faintly old- 
fashioned provincialism, like a 
small European country stuck in a 
time-warp of about 25 years ago. 

That, perhaps, is why Europe 
cares about what happens in Chile, 
when it is almost entirely indiP 
ferent to the fate of. say, Peru or 
Paraguay or Colombia. The his- 
tory of Chile in the past 20 years is 
a laboratory reconstruction of 
what has happened twice on the 
European fringes — in Spain and 
in Greece — and could happen in 
apparently far more seitied 
environments: an old-fashioned 
liberal democratic constitution 
permits a minority Marxist gov- 
ernment (Allende’s) to take power 
quite legally. That government 
wrenches the society so violently 
that opposition becomes frenetic 
and chaos supervenes. The army 
takes over, to the general relief, 
but it still there 13 years later to 
the general disgust, displaying a 
crude and sometimes brutal para- 
noia to all serious opposition. 

This situation has become an 
obsession of the European left, 
because echoes of the mythology 
of the Spanish civil war have 
transformed Allende from the 
incompetent idealist he was into a 
full-scale hero and martyr. But I 
must admit that it is impossible 
for a European visitor to be here 
for more than 24 hours without 
heartily wishing to see the back of 
General Augtisto Pinochet and his 
junta — not simply because if they 
do not depart the cycle of left- 
wing violence and military re- 
pression will inevitably quicken 
but because the country' itself so 
obviously deserves and is ready 
for something far more civilized. 

How is this to he brought about? 
Pinochet, at 70, shows every 
intention of remaining in power 
until the late 1990s if be can. and 

regime plenty to scare people with. 
The conventional wisdom of ex- 
terna! comment has been that 
these events have strengthened 
Pinochet’s hand so much that he is 
now virtually immovable. And yet 
here in Santiago one is not so sure. 
He now seems weaker, precisely, 
because the various actors in the 
drama have been obliged to look 
seriously at the consequences of 
his demise. 

For a start, the Reagan admin- 
istration. which fears the growing 
communist backlash against Pino- 
chet and which holds the key to 
the resolution of Chile's massive 
debt problem, is now explicitly 
demanding that it should take ■ 
visible steps to prepare for the 
return of democracy. 

Then the old Chilean political 
parties, which are supposed to be 
banned but which Pinochet has 
rather shrewdly allowed to nour- 
ish and bicker hopelessly in a total 
power vacuum.' are also beginning 
to show real signs of purpose and 
unity. The non-Marxist parties are 
now considering the choice of a 
common “leader". 

But the key to the situation 
remains the attitude of the mili- 
tary themselves. In order to stay in 
power Pinochet would almost 
certainly have to violate the 1980 
Constitution which he himself 
invented. Under its terms. the five- ■ 
man junta is supposed to pick a 
new presidential candidate in 
1989 and submit him to a “yes or 
no" referendum. If the answer is . 
“no”. Pinochet is permitted an- 
other 12 months of office. But he 
must then call an open presiden- 
tial election whose winner would ' 
preside over the - election of a 
congress and the resumption of a 
more or less normal democracy. 

What has become very, dear 
since the assassination attempt is 
that there Is no majority even 
among the present members of the 
junta for proposing Pinochet as 
his own successor. The naval and 
air force chiefs have both come 
out more or less publicly to that 
effect in recent weeks, and . the 
head of the police is said to be of 
the same mind. Pinochet would 
therefore have to rely on the army, ' 
first to override the other services 
to get himself nominated and 
second to rig the subsequent 
referendum and/or election. The 
military are a caste apart and 
nobody in the political world has 
much idea what the army intends, 
but faint echoes of military doubt 
are banning to emerge about the . 
propriety of overriding a large ' 
majority public opinion. 

Here is the central and saving 
oddity of Chile: that in this 
military dictatorship, the demo- 
cratic tradition still counts. In his 
peculiar wav. even Pinochet ap- 

on the face of it there is nothiqg pears to recognize this. Why does 

much to stop him. He controls the 
army, which is the force that really 
matters. The majority of public 
opinion evidently wishes to return 
to democracy, but sections ofit are 
always susceptible to scare tactics. 
The discovery six weeks ago of 
quite large arms dumps, of Cuban 
origin, and Pinochet’s subsequent 
escape from assassination by 
Marxist guerrillas, have given the 

he allow as much opposition as he 
does? The answer is that until 
fairly recently he could rely on the 
fact that the majority of Chileans 
were probably prepared, in their 
hearts, to accept him as foe lesser 
of available evils. As Pinochet’s 
own deadline of 1989 approaches 
and a credible alternative at last 
emerges, this basis is. thank God. 
beginning to crumble. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Bang, bang, 
bang, ouch 

It was eerie in the City of London 
last Saturday. Usually as dead as a 
doornail, it was open all day for a 
full-scale practice for the Big Bang. 
High-class tailors were pretending 
to sell pink-striped shirts to their 
yuppy customers. Secretaries were 
dashing hither and vonder with 
make-oelieve cups of coffee. The 
pound pretended to fall and the 
dollar did a superb job of acting a 
recovery against the yen. with rave 
reviews on Monday. 

It was ail so realistic that I was 
not unduly surprised to see a man 
on a tenth-floor window-sill 
threatening to jump. I was more 
surprised to see him carry out his 
threat and fall lifeless at my feet. 

“Don’t worry." said my com- 
panion, foe PR man Adrian 
Wardour-Streets, “it’s only a 
dummy. It’s the symbolic enact- 
ment of suicide by the head of a 
firm which has been made bank- 
rupt by the Big Bang. He won't be 
committing suicide in real life 
until next Saturday: Come on, let's 
go and have lunch ". 

The only reason that 1 was in the 
City on a Saturday was -that 
Adrian warned to involve me in 
the Big Run-Through. Let's pre- 
tend to have lunch, were his 
words, and I'll pretend to give- you 
a big scoop. I pretended to think it 
was a good idea, so here we were, 
entering the portals of Harley's, 
the famous Fish restaurant A 
waiter ushered us to our table and 
placed two small computers be- 
fore us. 

"What do we want computers at 
lunch forT I said. 

“Not computers." said Adrian. 
“Menus. Look, you press this 

knob . . . and this ". . . and this 

and you not only get the list Offish 
available today, but the market 
price m 20 major fishing ports, 
plus the latest on the fluctuation' of 
white wine prices. Harley’s is 
going hi-tech too. Hello! The 
mackerel has fallen several points 
against the bream! I think i'll go 
for the mackerel while it’s on a 
downward curve." 

I went for the bouillabaisse. 
“Are you sure the bouillabaisse is 
a wtse choice, old boy?" Adrian 
said. “French economy is a bit 
jumpy at the moment, wbat with 
all their bombs. I'd steer dear of 
anything French for a day or two.'" 

"I don’t see how French politics •: 
can possibly affect rny .fish stew, ; 
for heaven’s sake." 

“All right all right, keep uour . - 
hair on! I'm just tryingto take' this \ 
Big Bang Run-Through seriously, 
that's ail. Good LordT 
He leant over to his computer. 
‘There’s an absolute fortune to be : 
made in barbed wire fiitures if we c 
strike m the next 10 minutes. 
Must make a quick phone call, old - 
boy.” He half rose. .’ 

“Can’t you buy and sen via your y, 
computer?" I said. Adrian had the 
grace to blush. 

“Stupid of me: Old habits die A 
hard." He punched a few knobs 
and then leant back, satisfied. 
“There — £8,000 profit in three 
minutes. Not bad. eh? Pity we’re 
only pretending." ' 

While we were waiting for our : 
fish. I became absorbed in the-" 1 
conversation between a handsome' - 
middle-aged man and a glamorous . 
brunette at the next tabTe: 

“My wife pretends not to under-. 
stand me," the man was saying. 7 
“She doesn't seem to realize that ■ 
our marriage is a pretence." ■ ~ 
"Why . don't you pretend to 1 
- move in with me?" said the girt 1 
The man seemed to smile sadly. . ' 
“I have to go through the i 
.motions of thinking of the - 
children." he said. ■ ■ - V. 

"You don't really care for me ai " 
all!" she snapped! “You're just 
pretending." ; 

“Of course." said the man. " 
surprised. “This is just a rurt--> 
through for next week’s affair.” 

We waited for the fish-for -30 
minutes. Then the waiter brought -> 
the bHL Adrian, pushed it over to 
me, "The lunch was just pretends ; 
of course," he said. "But the bill's “ 
real enough. You pay it, arid Til 
keep it for expenses. It's been fun. " 
We must pretend to do it again \ 
sometime."- -j 

“Just a moment." I said, signing 
a cheque with a fa fee name. “What 
about foe scoop you promised?"" ’’. 

“Entre nous." he said, “this Big r 
Bang is going ro be an absolute 
Tfasco. Toiai shambles. Computer :i 
breakdowns, fortunes going miss- -l 
ing. : market paralyzed. - Chaos; • 
Mega chaos. Tell your readers.” . . 

So I haye r But foe odds are that " 
he was just pretending to give mica - : 
scoop. We'll sec. ; 

•Fi K- 

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1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 


j. When President Reagan an- 
> nounced the so-called zero 
[ option in November 1981, it 
[ was regarded as a public 
! relations triumph — but a 
[ negotiating risk. As one strate- 
[ gic analyst put it: “What would 
I- we do if the Russians said 
r 'yes’?" Now, five years later, it 
1 ^appears they might be ready to 
[ say “yes”. 

[ The original proposal was 
■- an opening gambit by the 
f Americans on the eve of their 
j Geneva talks with the Soviet 
• Union about intermediaie- 
| range nuclear forces (INF) in 
Europe. The United Slates 
f would abandon its plans to 
r station 572 cruise arid Per- 
l shing-2 missiles in .Western 
1 Europe if the Soviet Union 
| would agree to dismantle some 
1 175 triple-warhead SS-20s and 
i 380 older SS-4 and SS-5 mis- 
[ sites which were then opera- 
. [ .tional in Western Russia. Not 
| ^niy did this proposal have the 
; attraction of simplicity, but by 
; offering to do away with such 
I missiles altogether, it stole 
\ some of the dothes of the 
: peace movemenL 

The Russians said no, al- 
most on principle, and there 
. then began two years of nego- 
r nations which ended in 
• November 1983 when the 
i Soviets stalked out of the talks 
in protest over the deployment 
! of the first batch of the new 
American INF missiles in 
Britain and West Germany. 

- The talks resumed in 1984 in a 
r - different form, only to be 
blocked for most of the lime by 
Soviet insistence that the Brit- 
ish and French nuclear deter- 
rents should be counted on the 
American side in any com- 
promise deal over numbers. 

Mr Gorbachov would now 
seem to have dropped this 
demand, only to substitute for 
it an equally immovable object 
by insisting that any INF deal 
should be part of a package 
which would also include 
President Reagan’s Strategic 
Defence Initiative (SDI). This 
is despite the impression — 

briefly given by the chief 
Soviet negotiator, Mr Viktor 
Karpov - that a separate INF 
agreement might be possible. 
U seems equally clear, how- 
ever, that if an INF agreement 
does eventually emerge, it 
could well be built around the 
old zero option 

Although the American pos- 
ition won the approval of most 
Nato countries at their 
Nuclear Planning Group 
(NPG) meeting in Scotland 
this week, the West Germans 
and others have made known 
their disquiet Admittedly, the 
zero option would achieve a 
long-standing Nato objective 
by removing some 900 SS-20 
warheads which are capable of 
hitting targets anywhere in 
Western Europe (and probably 
freezing the SS-20s in the Far 
East). But it would leave in 
place several hundred shorter- 
range Soviet missiles in East- 
ern Europe, notably the SS-22 
which, with a range of about 
500 miles, could still inflict 
awful punishment on a num- 
ber of Western European 
countries. It was on West 
German insistence that the 
final communique from the 
NPG meeting at Gleneagles 
included a reference to the 
need for some agreement on 
these weapons to accompany 
any deal on INF. 

It is also true that the 
famous 1979 twin-track de- 
cision to install new American 
INF in Western Europe was 
originally prompted not by the 
threat of the SS-20. but by the 
need to place the United 
States's nuclear umbrella more 
firmly above Western Europe. 
In the dfetenie era, when it 
looked as if the superpowers 
might do a deal on their own 
over strategic weapons, a num- 
ber of European leaders, nota- 
bly Helmut Schmidt of West 
Germany, became nervous 
over the American commit- 
ment to its allies. 

Even without an American 
sell-out to Moscow, could the 
Europeans rely on the United 

Slates being prepared to 
launch its strategic weapons on 
behalf of its allies at a time 
when the Soviet Union had 
achieved nuclear parity with 
it? Nato armies had a large 
selection of ageing, battlefield 
nuclear weapons in Europe. 
But their ionger-range nuclear 
response (apart from the “last- 
ditch” deterrents of Britain 
and France) was limited to 
aircraft like the F-1I1 whose 
chances of penetrating Soviet 
air defences were, even then, 
less than convincing. 

It can be argued that if the 
threat to Western Europe were 
removed under the zero op- 
tion, the need for Nato INF 
should have disappeared too. 
But the inferiority of allied 
conventional forces leaves the 
alliance still dependem upon a 
nuclear defence. That is why it 
is being argued now that an 
agreement on such weapons in 
the European theatre must be 
linked to one on conventional 
arms as well. 

Politically, it might prove 
difficult for the Reagan admin- 
istration to turn down the 
chance of an INF agreement 
based on the zero option — 
particularly as the idea .came 
from Washington in the first 
place. It was in recognition of 
this and of the need to show 
allied solidarity that most 
defence ministers at 
Gleneagles signalled their sup- 
port for the American position 
— albeit with provisos. 

But iv would be preferable 
from Europe's point of view 
for the superpowers to nego- 
tiate a substantial reduction in 
INF on both sides, rather than 
their complete removal — for 
the time being anyway. At the 
risk of once more making 
themselves seem intolerably 
perverse allies, they should 
lose no opportunity to make 
this clear to Washington. And 
if it is necessary to share the 
political heat of modifying the 
zero option, they should be 
prepared to express their views 


When the Labour. Govern- 
ment first began to set targets 
for growth in the money 
supply 10 years ago, it was a 
broad measure of money, M3, 
which the then Chancellor. Mr 
Denis Healey, chose to target 
Since then M3 has remained, 
in one guise or another, one of 
the touchstones of financial 
policy. So when the Governor 
of the Bank of England, Mr 
Robin Leigh-Pemberton. sug- 
gested in his Loughborough 
University lecture this week 
that it rnight make sense to 
stop setting targets for broad 
money, it marked a period in 
monetary history. 

-5 Yet the Government’s prob- 
Jem remains what it has been 
now for several years, namely 
how to convince the world, 
and in particular the financial 
world, that it is following the 
right road at a time when the 
windows are all misted up. It 
has been clear for a long time 
that the broad measures of 
money have been subject to 
distortions which make it diffi- 
cult to assess the significance 
of monetary trends. 

These distortions are care- 
ful Iv catalogued in the 
Governor's lecture. While for 
most of the 1970s broad 
money grew more slowly than 
total spending in the economy. 

since 1980 it has grown fester. 
The rate of growth in sterling 
M3, in particular, has recently 
accelerated, largely it would 
seem as a result of changes in 
the banks' commercial strat- 
egies involving their com- 
petition with building 

This presents the authorities 
with a problem. Is it better to 
set targets, even if they prove 
to be the wrong targets, or 
should the Government risk 
leaving the aims of monetary 
policy vaguer? The Governor 
put it very clearly: “Where 
there is a reliable relationship 
between money growth and 
nominal income, a simple, 
publicly-understood, mone- 
tary rule has considerable 
advantages, serving as an ex- 
ternal discipline on the 
authorities and as a guide to 
both the financial markets and 
the wider economy as 16 the , 
authorities' likely behav- 
iour But these advantages 

are lost if in practice the rule 
proves to be too facile and. as a 
result, needs to be frequently 
adjusted or overridden.” 

When these distortions be- 
came evident a year ago, the 
Chancellor. Mr Nigel Lawson, 
abandoned the broad money 
target at the time of his 

Mansion House speech. At the 
time of the Budget he re- 
instated it for one year ahead, 
since he judged that the bal- 
ance of advantage lay in 
emphasising the continuity of 
policy and the seriousness with 
which the Government re- 
garded the level of liquidity in 
the economy. In the coming 
Budget he may take a third 
view — though it remains to 
be seen whether broad money 
aggregates will have regained a 
measure of reliability by then. 

Whatever the decision, the 
problem of maintaining con- 
fidence in the Government's 
financial policies will remain. 
There is much to be said in an 
imperfect world for adopting 
an unambiguous target for the 
exchange rate as a full member 
of the European Monetary 
System. That would at least 
signal that Britain was deter- 
mined to pursue policies 
consistent with German levels 
of inflation. If this remains off 
the agenda for the time being, 
then it must be presumed that 
the Government will reinstate 
a target for broad money when 
the fog over the figures clears. 
It will not be enough simply to 
state a commitment towards 
disinflation — even fora Gov- 
ernment with as good a record 
on inflation as this one. 


The Nobel prizes for science 
and medicine were shared 
between eight research work- 
ers this year. Once again 
United States scientists took a 
lion's share. By chance the 
awards coincided with two 
investigations into the state of 
academic science in Britain, 
commissioned by the Ad- 
visory' Board for the Research 
Councils. ABRC. which coun- 
sels the Government on the 
health of basic research. These 
studies drew a bleak picture. 

The reputation of British 
science was found to be trail- 
ing behind six major western 
countries. Britain is spending 
less money and distinguished 
scientists increasingly choose 
to work abroad. Again st that 
background. the t prospect of 
British universities and medi- 
cal schools producing many 
more Nobel laureates looks 
poor. Does this matter? For 
those who care for Britain's 
economic place in a tech- 
nological age, the answer must 
be yes. 

First there is the widely 
assumed link between success 
in science and technology and 
economic success. It rests on 
the conviction that the biggest 
strides in productivity in the 
1950s and 1960s, whether 

through innovations in chemi- 
cals or developments in 
electronics, were associated 
just as much with new technol- 
ogy as with capital or econo- 
mies of scale. 

Secondly, there is intellec- 
tual value reflected in basic 
research on the origins of the 
universe and of humankind. 
Economic returns may come 
from such research, but none 
should be demanded. It is 
worth remembering the time 
scales involved in developing 
research findings. Pioneering 
work 50 years ago on the 
electron microscope — on 
which countless subsequent 
discoveries were totally depen- 
dent - earned this year a 
Nobel honour for Professor 
Ernst Ruska of West Ger- 
many. Similarly in medicine, 
there was recognition for a 
fundamental revelation 30 
vears ago of the molecules that 
stimulate the growth of nerve 
fibres and other cells. 

Thirdly, the Government 
needs to' acquire new know- 
ledge and new technology 
forareas such as defence, 
health, safety and environ- 
mental protection. Some of 
this work will be canned out 
commercially if the legal 

framework is right; some will 

• Science's different branches 
may have distinct aims, but a 
single piece of research may 
serve one or more of them. 
Scientists ought to be able to 
move freely between the dif- 
ferent fields. Alas, there are a 
number of rigidities in the 
British system. Defence re- 
search is too dominant The 
seemimg inability (for bureau- 
cratic and secrecy reasons) of 
British scientists to move, 
several limes if need be in the 
course of a career, between 
academic industry and gov- 
ernment projects creates 
intellectual cul de sacs. 

The faults lie with the 
scientific community as well 
as with government. Scientists 
will always complain of short- 
ages of money. Governments 
can never give enough. But as 
Professor Malcolm Longair 
argued in The Times last week, 
scientists themselves have 
done little 10 pull down the 
great wall of incomprehension 
that separates them from the 
public: and this Government 
still has no clear set of scien- 
tific themes which can attract 
the attention of the electorate 
and win the support of tax- 

Race tensions in Haringey Council 

From Councillor WA.Blackbume 
Sir. The evil of using public fends 
for political purposes and malign 
political causes which you identify 
in your editorial entitled “Exploit- 
ing race” (October 21) is more 
pervasive than you imagine. The 
London Borough of Haringey, 
which is as much a pathfinder in 
these matters as Brent, is commit- 
ted to a programme of “training” 
23 women council employees m 
the art of “Assertion Training”. 

According to a recent report to 
Haringey's all-female “Womens 
Committee", the aim is to estab- 
lish “a network of internal Asser- 
tion Trainers" (of whom 1 8 are to 
be black and minority ethnic 
women) who will then train other 
women council employees m the 

The 24-day training programme 
includes courses in “racism 
awareness”, how to “address” and 
“challenge'? what is described as 
“a heterosexist standpoint,” and 
how to raise women's conscious- 
ness of racism. 

I need hardly add -that these 
persons are additional to the 

Football violence 

From Mr lan D. Shearer 

Sir, Mr Benveniste (October 16) 
misunderstands the nature of the 
membership schemes for football 
supporters currently under consid- 
eration and the Football League 
Management Committee's reason 
for excluding Luton Town from 
the Littiewoods Cup. 

It is not the intention of the 
membership schemes generally 
propounded to exdude all 'but 
home club supporters from the 
matches. Luton Town's refusal 
even to admit the season ticket- 
holders from their opponents' 
club rightly cost them their place 
in one competition. 

It is unfortunately typical of the 
altitude of the FA to supporters 
that Luton should be permitted, if 
drawn at home, to force their 
opponents to play an FA Cup tie 
on a synthetic prtcb without any 
support from their own fens. The 
FA thinks that giving Luton's 
opponents, should Luton be 
drawn away, the right to 

growing numbers of so-called 
“Race Equality Officers" and 
“Womens Equality Officers” now 
on Haringey’s payroll. 

The tensions and communal 
strife to which all of this is leading 
will have been apparent to anyone 
who attended last Monday's cha- 
otic and hate-laden meeting of 
Haringey Council. Most sinister of 
all was the invitation extended to 
a Sinn Fein spokesman who, amid 
applause and approval from the 
Labour councillors, spread a mes- 
sage of hatred and discord to the 
council chamber and (via closed 
circuit TV cameras) to the public 

Come to meetings such as these. 
Sir, and you will be under no 
illusion about the ugly truth which 
ties beneath the smooth and glossy 
facade of the Labour leadership: 
Yours faithfully. 

Borough of Haringey, 

Members' Room, 

Gvic Centre, 

Wood Green. N22. 

October 21. 

“retaliate” in kind somehow 
makes this fair. 

A membership scheme which 
allows responsible away support 
would be welcomed by most 
regular supporters. The members 
of this club, who have consid- 
erable experience of mid-week, 
mid-table games where, de facto. 
(he away side has no support 
know that the atmosphere and 
entertainment value ' are greatly 
diminished. Mr Benveniste's 
conjectures about comparisons 
with the National Football League 
in America do not stand up m the 
face of this real assessment. 

Hie Football League may well 
need a talented chief executive, as 
Mr Benveniste believes, but I 
think the task is to rid the league of 
clubs with Luton's attitude and to 
keep the game as a mass spectator 
sport, where it belongs, on grass in 
front of a bi-partisan, though well 
behaved crowd. 

Youts sincerely. 

IAN D. SHEARER. Secretary. 
Aston Villa London Lions Gub, 

3 Acheulian Gose, 

Famham, Surrey. 

Hospitals watchdog Lore of Einstein 

From the Director of the Associ- 
alion of Independent Hospitals 
Sir, Well done, the Lords. By 
voting to end Crown immunity in 
NHS hospitals (report, October 
16) they have served fee public 
rather better than their colleagues 
in fee Commons. 

The implications are wider than 
■ they mav appear. Quite rightly, 
independent ' hospitals have al- 
ways been subjected to rigorous 
attention from health and safety 
inspectors, environmental health 
officers and fire authorities. At fee 
same time they have had to put up 
wife often half-baked inspections 
from health authority officials 
whose own hospitals have been 
quite deliberately excluded from 
the same attentions because of 
what might be found — as one or 
two forced Government enquiries 
have shown. 

Hopefully, fee Lords mhiative 
may lead to a properly trained 
independent watchdog for both 
the NHS and the private sector. 
No doubt' h will cost fee NHS 
some money to put its house in 
order but h would certainly be in 
fee public interest and we would 
welcome it. 

Yours faithfully, 

JOHN RANDLE, Director, 
Association of Independent 

Buckingham Court, 

8 Buckingham Gate, SWI. 

October 17. 

Control of Angola 

From Mr David I. Lee 
Sir, Your leading article today 
(October 21) made reference to Dr 
Jonas Savimbi heading a large 
army which “controls vast areas of 
fee country and which is sup- 
ported by a major section of fee 
Angolan population”. Such sin- 
gularly misleading journalism 
does you and your readers a gross 

The “vast areas” supposedly 
controlled by Savimbi in feet 
consist of fee very sparsely popu- 
lated Huila, Cunene, Mexico and 
Lunda districts and fee virtually 
uninhabited Cnando Cubango 
(approximately SO per cent of 
Angola’s territory), where control 
is almost impossible to substan- 

To daim that such population 
as exists in this area “supports" 
Savimbnsarmy, by implication of 
its own free wilL frankly abuses 
one's credulity. Whilst many 
would accept that Dr Savimbi 
enjoys the support of the Ovambo 
people, support as is implied in 
your article has never been in- 
dependently verified. 

Yours sincerely. 

34 Brunswick Gardens, W8. 
October 21. 

Arts and Industry 

From Mr Nigel Gardner 

Sir. The answer to Brian Morris's 
question (October 7) about fee 
destiny of his philosophy gradu- 
ates is that the State needs very 
many philosophers . ■ - and 
historians, linguists, classicists, 
etc It is important, however, that 
graduates in these disciplines 
should have been trained in an 
environment likely to make them 
alert and sympathetic to the 
potential utility of fee new tech- 

Under the Computers in Teach- 
ing Initiative scheme, many 
university courses have been re- 
designed to capitalise on the 
pedagogic advantages of com- 

From Mr David Brain 
Sir. Dr Andrew Wilski (October 
20) is in good company. I'm sure, 
in not understanding Einstein's 
theories of general and special 
relativity, or Malcolm Longair’s 
admirable attempt to explain 
them for the lay reader (feature, 
October 1 5); a lack of understand- 
ing, iiowever, -should not lead 10 
fee wholesale dismissal of 20th 
century physics. 

Heisenberg's principle of un- 
certainty. to which Dr Wilski 
refers as his apparent exception to 
the rule, has been retitled by Jacob 
Bronowski as the principle of 
tolerance. Perhaps this might 
cause Dr Wilski to reflect on his 
own humility and refuse 
Aristotle's penny. 

Yours sincerely. 


7 Church Road, Battisford, 
StowmarkeL Suffolk. 

From Mr K.R. Allen 
Sir, I have just started my eighth 
year of teaching the life, times and 
ideas of Albert Einstein 10 second- 
year sixth-form students as part of 
their general studies course. The 
boys and, more recently, $irls have 
always found fee subject very 

Einstein is. of course, fee scien- 
tific hero par excellence. His life is 
tailor-made to inspire the young in 
his not infrequent brushes wife 
authority, inspire the middle-aged 
wife his lack of envy and inspire 
fee old by his refusal to give in. 

If the life is mixed wife fee 
mathematics in the right propor- 
tions it is possible to make an arts 
student become quite delighted 
with fee fourth dimension! 

Yours etc, 


St Edmund's Colleger 
Old Hall Green, 

Near Ware, Hertfordshire. 

Grant of arms 

From Somerset Herald 
Sir. Your Property Correspondent 
(“Putting a price on lord of the 
manor”. October 20) is wrong to 
imply feat possession of a lordship 
ofa manor renders one eligible for 
a grant of arms. 

The kings of arms are au- 
thorized in their patents of 
appointment to grant, wife the 
consent in writing of fee Earl 
Marshak arms and crests by letters 
patent “to eminent men”. 

Grams have also always been 
made to eminent women and 
corporate bodies, but the ability to 
pay for a lordship of manor is not 
in itself a mark of eminence. 

Yours faithfully. 

Somerset Herald. 

The College of Arms. 

Queen Victoria Street. EC4. 

pater-mediated instruction, while 
simultaneously enhancing the 
employment prospects of new 
graduates. Particular inroads have 
been made in the humanities, wife 
significant developments, inter 
alia, in philosophy (at Leeds), 
theology (at Durham), classics (at 
Liverpool) and most other arts 

Brian Morris's doubts about fee 
possibility of commercial sponsqr- 
ship of degree courses in classics 
or philosophy are also unjustified. 
In the USA. and here m Europe, 
significant commercial sponsor- 
ship has been attracted to such 
courses, without any challenge 10 
the autonomy of universities in 
defining their own curricula and 
admissions policies. 

Seeking new head 
for Unesco 

From Dr P. T. Matthews. FRS 
Sir, Your leading article (October 
20) on fee future of Unesco is 
timely and to fee point. Unesco is 
an organisation of great potential 
good and it is a tragedy that its 
powers have been so perverted 
feat both the USA and the UK 
have withdrawn their support. 
Now that there is the prospect of 
appointing a new director-general 
you say. quite rightly, that ' 

Britain should continue to make it 
dear that it win rejoin Unesco only 
if it again becomes worthy of its 
charter, its management is cleansed 
of placemen and its programme 
focussed on well-defined goals which 
have universal support. 

I would advocate a more pos- 
itive stance. The danger, as you 
point out. is that the present 
regime may be re-established “as 
fee foil-back choice in a large field 
in which no rival has decisive 
backing”. TTiis could be avoided if 
the UK (and hopefully also the 
USA) could give dear support to a 
candidate for the director-general- 
ship whose appointment would 
give them strong grounds seri- 
ously to review their present 

Such a candidate is hard to find 
but not impossible. He should be 
an academic of international 
standing (Nobel prize or equiva- 
lent in his own field); a person who 
has demonstrated leadership and 
administrative ability in an inter- 
national environment; someone 
conscious of fee political dimen- 
sion of education, sdence and 
culture, particularly in the Third 
World, who has exerted an in- 
fluence in this area even-handed ly 
between fee East and fee West so 
that he is acceptable also to fee 
Soviet Union, 

Positive support for such a 
candidate would ideally com- 
plement the negative threat of fee 
Japanese to orchestrate a mass 
exodus if no change is made in fee 
status quo, and help to bring about 
fee return to normality which is so 
urgently required. 

Yours sincerely, 

University of Cambridge, 
Department of Applied Mathe- 
matics and Theoretical Physics, 
Silver Street Cambridge. 

October 21. 

Sale of Constable 


• From Mr Hugh Leggatt 
Sir. In 1801 a young artist 
dismayed by the Royal Academy 
Exhibition Committee's rejection 
of his landscape in oils, was told 
by fee then President Benjamin 
West- “Don’t be disheartened, 
young man, we shall hear of you 
again. You must have loved 
nature very much before you 
could have painted this. Always 
remember. Sir, feat light and 
shadow never stand stilL” These 
prophetic words were never 
forgotten by John Constable. 

The truth of Benjamin West’s 
avuncular advice is demonstrated 
so magnificently by Constable's 
“Flaiford Lock and Mill”, whit* 
was accepted for exhibition at the 
Royal Academy in 1812 and 
which you report (October 15) is 
to be sold at auction in London on 
November 21. 

Would it not be splendid if this 
masterpiece of light and shadow 
were to be acquired for fee nation? 
Yours faithfully. 


Leggatt Brothers. 

17 Duke Street, 

St James’s, SWI. 

The Church and Aids 

From the Reverend Nicolas Stacey’ 
Sir, Dr Edward Norman's article 
(October 13) on fee Christian 
attitude 10 Aids is as timely as it is 
important, especially as he is seen 
as being on the conservative wing 
of the Church. 

As fee Aids crisis grows and 
spreads to the heterosexual 
community, the danger of a 
homophobic backlash increases. 
The Churches have a significant 
role in influencing public attitudes 
and helping to prevent this as well 
as a caring ministry to those who 
have got the disease. 

Earlier this year I was worship- 
ping at an Episcopal (Anglican) 
church in Greenwich Village, New 
York, where a sizeable minority of 
the congregation is gay. and before 
the service I joined a group of 
them who have Aids or the virus. 
It was clear that fee acceptance. 
support and love they were receiv- 
ing from the congregation was of 
critical importance to them. 

Increasingly, church congrega- 
tions in this country are going to 
have an opportunity of helping to 
care for people with Aids as they 
die. as well as being able to offer 
the Christian hope of a life 


Yours faithfully, 

the Old Vicarage. 


Faversham, Kent. 

October 21. 

Thus IBM UK Ltd have signifi- 
cant involvement in sponsoring 
educational experiments in a wide 
range of disciplines from engineer- 
ing to history and PPE Other 
manufacturers, such as Digital, 
have parallel schemes of sponsor- 

University' institutions are be- 
ing challenged to show that even 
within the framework of human- 
ities education, it is possible 10 
produce graduates well equipped 
10 meet the needs of society in fee 
2 1st century. 

Yours faithfully. 


Computers in Teaching Initiative 
Support Service. 

University of Bath. 

Clavenon Down. 

Bath. Avon. 

OCTOBER 24 1918 
One year after the Commons voted 

to make women eligible as 
members. Viscountess Astor 
contested her husband's seat at 
Plymouth, — it had fallen vacant 
when he succeeded to his father's 
niscountcy. She was elected as a 
Unionist by a substantial 
majority, and continued to hold 
the seat until her retirement in 
194 5. The voting age for women 
was reduced to 21 in 1928 and to 
18 in 1983. 


OF 11 TO 1 

WESTMINSTER, Wednesday. 

The House of Commons decided 
tonight, by 374 votes to 25, that it 
was desirable that a Bill should be 
passed forthwith making women 
eligible as members of Partianiem. 

It was the natural corollary to 
the decision taken by Parliament 
earlier in the year to extend the 
- franchise to women, and although 
the House had never before dis- 
cussed the question on its merits, 
Mr Herbert Samuel had not pro- 
ceeded far with the opening speech 
in support of the proposal before it 
was obvious that he was preaching 
to fee converted. He argued that 
women had a distinctive point of 
view, which ought to have direct 
expression in Parliament, and his 
only fear was that too few women 
would probably be elected to 
Parliament rather than too many. 
Women must be 30 years of age 
before they can exercise the fran- 
chise, but Mr Samuel hoped that 
no such arbitrary distinctions 
would apply to their election to 

The women's cause was also 
strongly pleaded from fee opposite 
Front Bench by LORD ROBERT 
CECIL. He likewise did not think 
that a very large number of women 
would be elected at any rate for a 
considerable time, arid declared 
that he would have (iked to have 
seen fee resolution expanded, so as 
to allow women to enter his own 
profession and that of a solicitor. 

Opposition came from SIR 
Mr. PETO who declared that 90 
per cent of the women had not the 
slightest desire to enter the House 
or to live under laws made by 
members of their own sex. Mr 
ARNOLD WARD on the other 
hand, intimated that there was no 
opposition to the proposal from 
any of the organised forces which 
had for years conducted a cam- 
paign against the enfranchisement 

of women. 

Mr. ASQUITH supported the 
motion as the logical outcome of 
the giant of votes to women. It 
seemed to him that, as the House 
had swallowed the camel, it ought 
not to strain at the gnat The 
atmosphere in which Parliament 
used to discuss the women's ques- 
tion was momentarily revived by 
contended that the House of 
Commons was not a fit place for 
any respectable woman to sit in. 
But the House was in no mood for 
pleasantries about Cleopatra and 
soon afterwards the “Old Guard” 
found itself routed in the division 
lobby. — 

[From the Parliamentary report. / 
...Mr ADAMSON (Fife. W„ 
Lab.) said it would be a profound 
mistake to refuse them admittance. 
He commented on the revolution- 
izing of ideas re g ardi n g conditions 
in the workroom which had fol- 
lowed the entry of women into 
industry. Wherever women had 
entered, the human element played 
a much huger part than it did 


H. MEUX (Portsmouth, U.) op- 
posed the resolution, not because 
he did not love the female sex — he 
adored them. (Laughter). The 
reason be did not want to see them 
there was because he did not think 
that it was a fit place for any 
respectable woman to sit in. 
(Laughter). Let them think of the 
routine of the House, sitting from 3 
to 21. Was that a thing for a 
woman to do? (“Why not?") No 
woman could bear the physical 
strain of Parliament as it was at 
present. (An bon. member. — 
“What about an all-night 
sitting?"} Then It would not be a 
question of “Who goes home?” but 
of “Who will take me home?" 
(Laughter). He agreed feat women 
had done marvellously in this war 
and that the strain they had gone 
through had, if possible, made the 
women of this country more beau- 
tiful than before. . . He did not 
believe there was a single member 
of the House who in his heart 
hoped to see women sitting there. 
He did not believe the majority of 
women had any desire to be 
represented by women in that 
House. . . The Army and the Navy 
had never been consulted on this 
momentous question. 

Sober joys 

From Dr Crawford Knox 
Sir. The Consumers' Association 
brochure. “Christmas Books from 
Which T. complete wife its first- 
page Christmas decorations, has 
just reached me. Under fee sec- 
tion. “Family reference”, fee first 
item is. “How to arrange your 
divorce realistically” - details of 
their book. Divorce: Legal Proce- 
dures and Financial Facts. 

The second and third items are 
“Wills and probate" and “What to 
do when someone dies”: and the 
fourth. The Which? Encyclopaedia 
of the Home, is illustrated by first- 
aid casualties. 

Can your readers offer more 
eloquent commentary on the com- 
ing season of love ana good cheer? 
Yours faithfully. 


Hampton Weekes. 

The Ridgeway. 

Boars Hill. Oxford. 

October 19. 

■ *»■ «*r- 










October 23: The Queen, at- 
tended by the Duchess of 
Grafton. Mis John Dugdale. the 
Right Hon Sir William Head- 
line. Sir Peter Miles. Rear- 
Admiral Sir Paul Greening. Mr 
Robert Fcllowes, Mr Michael 
Shea. Surgeon Captain Norman 
Black! ock. RN. Lieutenam- 
Colond Blair Stewart- Wilson 
and Air Vice-Marshal John 
Seveme. arrived at Heathrow 
Airport. London this evening in 
a British Airways TriStar 200 
aircraft from Hong Kong. 

Her Majesty was received at 
the Airport by the Earl of Airiie 
(Lord Chamberlain) and Mr 
Alan Proctor (Deputy Managing 
Director, Heathrow Airport 

The Duke of York. President 
of the Royal Aero Club, 
accompanied by The Duchess of 
York, this evening presented the 
World Helicopter Speed Record 
Certificate on the MV Elizabe- 
than at Festival Pier, London, 

Miss Helen Hughes and Wing 
Commander Adam Wise were 
in attendance. 

The Princess Anne. Mis Mark 
Phillips, Senior Warden of the 
Worshipful Company of Car- 
men this morning attended a 
Court meeting and was installed 
as Master of Die Company. 

Her Royal Highness after- 
wards attended a Reception and 
Court Luncheon at Paint 
Stainers' Halt. London. 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips. Chancellor of the 
University of London this after- 
noon. visited the Institute of 
Advanced Legal Studies, Russell 
Square on the occasion of its 
40th Anniversary. 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived on arrival by the Vice* 
Chancellor of the University 
(the Lord Flowers). 

Mrs Richard Carew Pole was 
in attendance. 

October 23: The Prince of 
Wales, accompanied by the 
Princess of Wales, Patron. 
Birthright, this evening attended 
the premiere of The Mission, in 
aid of the Charity, at the Empire 
Theatre. Leicester Square, Lon- 
don WC2. 

Miss Alexandra Loyd, Mr 
John Haslam and Lieutenant- 
Commander Richard Aylaid, 
RN were in attendance. 

The Prince of Wales was 

represented by Vice-Admiral Sir 
Gerard Mansfield at the Service 
of Thanksgiving for the late 
Brigadier Sir John Pagan (for- 
mer Agent General for New 
South Wales) which was held in 
St Clement Danes Church this 

October 23: The Princess Mar- 
garet. Countess of Snowdon 
presented The Radio Times 
Drama Awards at the BBC 
Television Centre. Wood Lane, 
this afternoon. 

Mrs Robin Benson was in 

Her Royal . Highness was 
represented by Major The Lord 
Napier and Eurickai the Service 
of Thanksgiving for the late 
Brigadier Sir John Pagan which 
was held in St Cleraent Danes 
Church this afternoon. 

October 23: The Duke of 
Gloucester. Grand Prior of the 
Most Venerable Order of the 
Hospital of St John of Jerusalem 
and President of the Alliance 
Orders of St John, presided at 
the annual meeting of the 
delegates of the Alliance Orders 
held at Leeds Castle. Kent, and' 
afterwards at Dinner. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Simon 
Bland was in attendance. 

October 23: The Duke of Kent, 
Vice-Chairman of the British 
Overseas Trade Board, today 
opened the Dartford Inter- 
national Ferry Terminal and 
later visited Brymor Limited. 
East Peckham, and Circaprint 
Limited. Aylesford. Kent 

His Royal Highness, who 
travelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Right, was attended by 
Captain Campbell- La merlon. 

The Duke of Gloucester will 
visit Rome and Naples from 
October 28-31. 

The Earl of Ulster is 12 today. 

A memorial service for Lord 
Fulton will be held at the 
Meeting House. Sussex Univer- 
sity. at 3pm today. 

Sir Harry Platt is grateful for the 
very many greetings on the 
occasion of his hundredth birth- \ 
day on October 7. He regrets his 
physical inability to acknowl- 
edge them personally. 

A memorial service and flying 
tribute for Michael and Kathryn 
Carlton will be held at Patterson 
House. Biggin Hill Airport, on 
Friday, October 3 1, at 12.30 pm. 
Sir John and Lady Muir cele- 
brate the fiftieth anniversary of 
their wedding today. 

Memorial meeting 

Mr J. Godson 

Mr Alan Lee Williams. Direc- 
tor-General of the English- 
Speaking Union, presided at a 
memorial meeting for Mr Jo- 
seph Godson held yesterday at 
the Reform Club. The other 
speakers were Lord Stewart of 
Fulham. CH, Mr Peter Shore, 
MP. Mr David Abshire, US 
Ambassador to Nato. Mr John 
Flood. Deputy General Sec- 
retary of Usdaw. 

Others present included Mrs 
Godson (widow) Roy and Dean 
Godson (sons). Mr Charles 
Price. American Ambassador. 
Mr James Callaghan, MP, Mr 
Peter Jenner (Nato) and col- 
leagues from the Labour and 
Trades Union Committee for 
Transatlantic Understanding, 

Woodard Schools 
(Southern Division) 

As part of a two-day Festival of 
Youth, pupils from Hura- 
pierpoinu Ardingly, Bfoxham, 
St Michael's. Burton Park, Tu- 
dor Hall and Archbishop Mi- 
chael Ramsey School. 
Camberwell, will meet today for 
a youth forum at Lancing 
College. The festival ends with a 
sung eucharist, when the 
preacher will be the Provost the 
Right Rev Mark Green. 

Memory lane 

Lord Lane, the Lord Chief 
Justice, returned to his native 
Derby yesterday to unveil a 
plaque in his honour at the city's 
crown court. Also commemo- 
rated was the centenary of the 
Derby Law Society. 

Birthdays today 

Sir Geoffrey Bateman. 80; Mr 
Phil Bennett 38; Mr John 
Btelloch. 56; Rear-Admiral J. H. 
Carl ill, 61; the Earl of 
Cromanie. 82; Baroness Dane. 
57; Sir Robin Day, 63; Mr Frank 
Delaney. 44; Captain T. R. 
Dunne. 53; Lord Elwytt-Jones. 
CH. 77; the Eari of Gains- 
borough. 63; Mr Peter Gellhont 
74; Colonel Sir John Gilmour. 
74; Mr Wally Herbert 52; 
Professor Dame Elizabeth HilL 
86; Miss Sena Jurinac. 65; Miss 
Marghanita Laski, 71; Sir Ter- 
ence Morrison-Soott 78; Sir 
Fred Pontin. 80; Professor W. 
Lind ford Rees, 72; Sir Robert 
Sainsbuiy, 80; the Marquess of 
Salisbury, 70. 

University news 

Mr Leslie Fielding, director 
general for external relations in 
Die European Commission in 
Brussels, to be Vice-Chancellor 
from October 1987 (and not this 
year, as reported on October 
21). in succession to Professor 
Sir Denys Wilkinson. 


Ejected to sctiolarshiK: C o Brody. T 
F CUCKMK1- C D McKte and S J 

Ratcliffe College 

On Remembrance Sunday, 
November 9. the President 
Father L-G. Hurdidge. will dedi- 
cate the chapel war memorial 
with completed list of old boys' 
names. All Okl Ratdiffians are 
invited and should write to the 
college if they require lunch. 

Sale room 

£1 10,000 for early atlas 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 

Johannes Blaeu's Arias Major is the most ft moss 
atlas in the history of printed maps aad Sotheby's 
yesterday offered for sate what they described as 
“the best copy we have ever handled”. 

It was the French edition of 1667 and sold for 
£110.000 (on published estimate £80,000- 
£104X000) to P. de Jonge. an Amsterdam deafer, 
setting an auction price record for a Blaen atlas. 

It contains 599 maps, plans and views, all finely 
band colonred and this copy had an extra 21 
doable-page maps added. Some 309 sets are 
believed to have been printed. It came for sale 
from an anmuned foreign source. 

The Alias Major was the culmination of a series 
of atlases each of which contained more plates. 
The term “adas" was first used to describe the 
Mercator atlas of 1595 which was expanded by 
Hondins and had previously dominated the 

Blaea called his first compilation the Atlantis 
Appendix, a title which was designed In link it 
with the Mocator-Hondins Adds. Sotheby's 
yesterday offered the best of the six recorded 
copies fin- safe and seemed a price of £5(L600 
(estimate £40,000-£50.000L Published in Amster- 
dam in 1630 ft contains only 60 doable-page 
engraved plates. 

The safe contained books from three main 
sources, Newstead Abbey in Nottinghamshire, 
the central library of the Jesuits in France and an 
unnamed European nobleman. Newstead Abbey 
was Lord Byron's ancestral home which he sold In 

1818 to Colonel Thomas WBdmaa. who had been 
at Harrow with him. 

A privately primed compilation of Byron's 
letters from Missolonghi to Samuel Barff at 
Zame secured £660 (estimate £20O-£ZSOJ. The 
Atlanta Appendix came from the Jesuits aad a 
number of their composite atlases, or miscella- 
neous collected maps, made very high prices; a 
five- volume Parisian compilation of 1784, Atlas 
Ceagraphique et Unhersei fetched £23,100 (es- 
timate £9,000-£I 2,000). 

la the nobleman's property the most spectacu- 
lar prices were paid for American maps with 
Gabriel Tattoo's Pacific Ocean of 1600 at £19,800 
(estimate £5.0O0-£7,OOO). The mor ni n g sale 
totalled £795,498 with 11 per cent Ml unsold. 

Christie's in New York on Wednesday sold a 
group of diamond jewellery which had belonged to 
Caroline Ryan Fonlke, traveller, philanthropist 
and hostess, the granda tighter of the pioneering 
billionaire, Thomas Forome Ryan. The six lots of 
diamond jewellery made a total of £1,789,383. 

Prices ranged from £902,000 (estimate 
S500.000-5600.000) or £617,808 for a Harry 
Winston necklace composed of 168 clustered 
diamonds mounted in platinum to $71,500 
(estimate £40.000^60,000) or £48^72 for a 
marqmse-CHt Hnunm^ fr * ** “tfi ;, 

The mixed property sale of magnificent jewels 
madea total of £7,907,380, withwneper cent left 

The Duchess of Gloucester (left). Patron of the Asthma Research Council, enjoying running 
a stall at the Asthma gift fair in the Harlinebam Club, London, yesterday. Mrs veronica 
Gould, of Guildford, Surrey, submits cheerfully to the royal sales talk. 


Order of St John 
The Duke of Gloucester, Grand 
Prior of the Order of the 
Hospital ofSt John of Jerusalem 
and President of the Alliance 
Orders of St John, presided at 
the annual meeting and dinner 
of the delegates of foe Alliance 
Orders held at Leeds Castle, 
Kent yesterday. Mme L M ester 
de Parajd was foe guest of 


Lady Mayoress 

The Lady Mayoress was At 
Home at the Mansion House 
yesterday lo the Court of Aider- 
men. the Court of Common 
Council, dignitaries of foe 
church, foe judiciary, civic 
organizations. representatives 
of foe Armed Forces and several 
masters and prime wardens of 
the City livery companies, and 
their ladies. 

University College London 
Sir James Lighfoill. Provost, 
was host at a reception held 
yesterday at University College 
London after Professor F. M. L. 
Thompson delivered a special 
lecture on London University's 
Faculty of Arts 1836-1986. to 
mark foe !50fo anniversary of 
the university. Sir Peter Mat- 
thews. chairman of foe college 
council. Lady Lighfoill and Mrs 
Thompson were among those 

Grafton House 

Grafton House. Stowe, will be 
holding its diamond jubilee 
dinner at Stationers' Hall. 
London, on Ocotber 31. There 
are 10 tickets available from Mr 
James Lareombe at foe schooL 

Memorial service 

Sir John Pagan 

The Prince of Wales was repre- 
sented by Vice-Admiral Sir 
Gerard Mansfield at a memorial 
service for Sir John Pagan held 
yesterday at St Clement Danes. 
The Strand. Princess Margaret 
was represented by Lord Napier 
and Ettrick and Prince and 
Princess Michael of Kent by 
Colonel Michael Fanner. 

The Re t R.N. Ken ward 
officiated. The Very Rev Wil- 
liam Baddeiey read- foe lesson 
and foe closing prayer. Mr John 
Pagan, son, read Desiderata and 
the Duke of Rutland read from 
foe works of Sir Arthur Bryant. 
Lord Howard de Walden gave 
an address. Viscount De L'Isle, 
VC. read foe prayer of foe Order 
of St Michael and Si George. 
Lord Home of the HirseL 
representing the Cook Society, 
and Lady Home, attended. 
.Among others present were: 

Lady Pagan < widow}, miss Clarissa 
Pagan idaughterl. 

The Australian High Commissioner, 
the Aqent&Oneral for New South 

Wales. Queensland and South Austra- 
lia: Uie Duke or 3 Albans, the 
Duchess of Rutland, the Marquess o» 
Cranny, the Marquess and Mar. 
eliteness of Salisbury, the Eart and 
Countess of Ranforty. Patricia Count- 

ess JeiUcoe. viscount and Viscountess 
Slim. Alieen viscountess slim, 
viscountess De L'Ugie. Dorothea 
viscountess. KeRmrn. Baroness Young. 
Lady Howard De Walden. Lady 
Kll learn. Lady Maclean. Lord and 
Lady Orr-Ewtng. Dowager Lady 
wakehund. Lord McFadzean. Lord 
Shackleton (chairman. Brltain-Austra- 
lia Society). Lady Saitoun. Lady 
Caroline SUnmonds. 

The Hon Mrs J W. Reader - Harris, 
the Hon David and Mrs Montagu, the 

Hon Jonathan PomtL Sir Francis and 

Lady DashwoM. Sir Richard and 
Lady Basel). Sir David and Lady Hill 

Wood. Major -General Sir Rohan and 

Lady Deiacomoe. Vice-Admiral Sir 
Kaye Edden. Rear-Admiral sir Mor- 

gan Morgan Gil®. ueute«ant~Coionel 
Sir Manln GUUat. Lady Hawkins. 
Lady HeseUUw. Lady Potter. Sir John 
Prkfeaux iVictoria League). Str An- 
thony Burney. Sir Roderi and Lady 
Crichton Bnown. sir Peter and Lady 

Gadsden. Sir Jack Hampton. Sir 
Donald and Lady TetatOL Mr David 
and Lady Pamela Hicks. 

Mr Hardy Amies. Captain and Mrs 
North Dalryntpte Hamilton. Mrs Betty 
kenward. Miss India Hicks. Misa 
Ashley Hicks. Mrs Derek Nunmo. Mr 
B J Perry. Mr and Mrs Reresby 
Sitwell. Major W a Spowers. Profes- 
sor Tom MHIar [Australian Studies 
Service). Mr Sander 52a bad os 
(□uponi). Miss PtMebeAshton. Minor 
Hugh canUie. Miss S Gardner-Brown. 
Mr T Hayward. Mr C Uoyd-Jones. Mr 
J Ventura and Mr Hugh Mettar. 

Forthcoming marriages 

The Rev foe Hon MJ. Erslone 
and Miss J. Westwood 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael, youngest son 
of foe Eari and Countess of Mar 
and Kellie, ofOaremoni House. 
Alloa. Scotland, and Jill, eldest 
daughter of foe late Mr Camp- 
bell S. Westwood and of Mrs 
Campbell Westwood, of 1 1 
Leighton Gardens. Ellon, 


and foe Hon Mrs James 
Holroyd Pearce 

The engagement is announced 
between Ian Ball, of Strickland 
House. Hove, and Julia Holroyd 
Pearce, of Turf Lodge, 


Mr J.A- St Clair-Ford 
and Miss MA B taker 
The engagement is between 
James Anson, son of Captain Sir 
Aubrey and Lady Si Gair-Ford. 
of Fordingbridge. and Mary 
Anne, elder daughter of Judge 
BJakcr. QC. and Mrs B laker, of 

Dr MJ5JVL Alexander 
ami Miss H-J. Lawrie 
The forthcoming marriage is 
announced between Mark, son 
of foe late Mr and Mis D.H.A. 
Alexander, of Folkestone. Kent, 
mid Helena, daughter of Mrs 
E.H. Jefferys. of Cam bridge, and 
Professor R.A. Lawrie. of East 
Leake. Leicestershire. 

Mr A- Obeli 
and Miss J-J- Kramp 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, son of Mr and 
Mrs B.H. Chell, of Linford 
Farm. Newton Linford. 
Leicestershire, and Jette. daugh- 
ter of Mr MJ. Kraoip. of 
Greenhill. Ulverscrofl. 
Leicestershire, and Mrs W.M. 
Thornton, of Wilderbank 
House. Galashiels. 

Mr P.W. Blood 
and Miss FJL Beattie 
The engagement is announced 
between Philip, son of Mr and 
Mrs E.P. Blood, of Albion 
Square. London, and Fiona, 
elder daughter of Mr and Mrs 
J.H. Beam e, ofCobbam. Surrey. 

Mr C.M-R- Holt 
and Miss SC. Hernon 
The engagement is announced 
between Charles, elder son of 
Mr Michael Holt. CBE. and Mrs 
Michael Holt, of West Bergholt 
Lodge. Colchester, and Sarah, 
younger daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Brendan Hemon. of Hawthorn 
Avenue. Gainsborough. 

Mr N.M. Keith 
and Miss G.V. Onslow 
The enjroemem is announced 
between Nicholas, son of the 
late Mr and Mrs J.R. Keith, and 
Geraldine, younger daughter of 
the late Captain R.T. Onslow, 
Royal Marines, and Mrs J.D. 
Onslow, of Western) House. 
Ham bled on. Hampshire. 

Mr AJL Kflbonnt 
and Miss J.L. Wrigfey 
The engagement is announced 
between Anthony Richard, sec- 
ond son of Mr and Mrs SJ. 
Kiibourn. of St Albans, 
Hertfordshire, and Joanne Lou- 
ise. eldest daughter of Mr and 
Mrs A.L. Wrigley. of 

Mr G.P-T. Marsh 
and Miss F.M. EUis 
The engagement is announced 
between Guy Peter Thomas, 
only son of Mr and Mis P.A. 
Marsh, of Kemble. Gloucester- 
shire. and Fiona Mary, only 
daughter of Mr and Mrs R.L. 
Ellis. of Quenington. 


Mr DJ. Price 
aad Miss SJ(. McFariane 
The engagement is announced 
between David John, son of Mr 
and Mrs D.E Price, of Keats 
Way. Peterborough, and Sophia 
Rosalind, daughter of the late 
Mr A.K. McFariane and Mrs 
G.N. Jenkins, of The Abbey, 
Mon (acute. Somerset 

Mr SLE. Quinton Smith 
and Miss CJE.F. Brady 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon Edward, elder 
son of Mr P. Quinton Smith, of 
Lewes. Sussex, and Mrs G. 
Attwood. of Winchester. Hamp- 
shire. and Caroline Elisabeth 
Francesca, younger daughter of 
foe late MrT.D. Brady, and Mrs 
J. Heraud. of Braughing. 

Mr M.H. Santer 
and Miss M. Lawr e nce 
The engagement is announced 
between Martyn Howard 
Samer. ACIArb. son of Mr and 
Mrs E. Samer. of Snaresbrook. 
London, and Marian, daughter 
of Dr and Mrs B.H. Laurence, 
of Ilford. Essex. 

Mr R.M. Smithies 
and Miss SX.T. Clark 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, son of Mrs 
E.L. Smithies and the late Mr 
J.F. Smithies, of Bury St Ed- 
munds. Suffolk, and Susan, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs J.D. 
Clark, of Barnoldswick. 


Mr G. Tomlinson 
and Miss B. Russell 
The engagement is announced 
between Geoffrey, son of Mr 
and Mrs Gordon Tomlinson, of 
Beacons field. Buckinghamshire, 
and Beverly, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Charles Russell, of 
Gerrards Cross. 


Service dinners 

Britannia Royal Naval College 
Vice-Admiral Sir Anthony Tip- 
peu Chief of Fleet Support, was 
foe guest of honour at a com- 
bined Wardroom and Gunroom 
Mess dinner held last night at 
foe Britannia Royal Naval Col- 
lege. Dartmouth, to commemo- 
rate the anniversary of foe Battle 
of Trafalgar. Commander G. D. 
B. Robinson. Commander of 
the College, presided. 

Royal Naval College, Greenwich 
Commander T. Jones. Com- 
mander of foe Royal Naval 
College- Greenwich, presided a 
dinner held last night at foe 
college to commemorate foe 
anniversary’ of the Battle of 
Trafalgar. Admiral Sir Richard 
Fitch was foe guest of honour. 

HMS Dryad 

Commander W.M. Caswell pre- 
sided at a T rafalgar Night dinner 
held in the Wardroom Mess of 
HM5 Dryad last night Lieuten- 
ant-General Sir Steuart Pringle 
was the principal guest 

HMS Cochrane 

Commander R. W. White pre- 
sided at a dinner given by the 
Wardroom Mess of HMS 
Cochrane last night to 
commemorate the anniversary 
of foe Battle of Trafalgar. The 
guest of honour was Admiral of 
the Feet Sir John Fieldhouse. 
Chief of the Defence Staff, who 
proposed foe toast to the Im- 
mortal Memory. 

Royal Artillery 

General Sir Thomas Morony, 
Master Gunner. St James's 
ParLpresided at a dinner given 
by officers of foe Royal Artillery 
at Woolwich last night- The 
guests included: 

Viscount and viscountess Montgom- 
ery of AJanwtn. Mr John Wakeham. 
MP. and Mrs Wakoham. sir Patrick 
and Lady WnghL Mater -Central and 
Mrs h rvavopau. Major-General and 
Mrs C J Water*. Mr and Mrs W E K 
Anderson and Mr and Mrs J Fowl us 

11th Armoured Division (1943- 

A reunion dinner of foe ljfo 
\rmoured Division 11943- 
1945) was held at foe Naval and 
Military Club. Piccadilly. 
London, last night. Major-Gen- 
eral G.P.B. Roberts presided. 


Royal College of General 

Professor Michael Drury. Presi- 
dent of the Royal College of 
General Practitioners, accompa- 
nied by Mrs Drury , presided at a 
dinner" held last night at Princes 
Gate to mark the European 
Union of General Practitioners' 
meeting in London and in 
honour of foe retiring chairman. 
Dr Alan Rowe. The guests 

The cruirman and Secretary if Ifte 
BntKit Mcfiicji ANtocMiion. the CJwir 
man of Uii- Join t Committee tor 
postgraduate Training in General 
Practice and reprewmanim, of the 
O-portmcil of Health and Bwnal 
Swum* anjl the Commission of Uw 
European Communities. 

Bowyers’ Company 
The Bowyers’ Company held a 
dinner at Tallow Chandlers' 
Hall last night Mr J. Bickford 
Smith, Master, presided and 
received foe guests with Mr 
Robert Hardy, Upper Warden, 
and Mr Richard Williams. 
Renter Warden. Sir Michael 
Mustill and Mr Ronald Watts 
also spoke. 

Viscount Dil home was foe guest 
of honour at foe annual dinner 
of foe Flyfishers' Club held last 
night at foe Savoy Hotel Mr J. 
Klootwyk presided. 

Broderers' Company 
Mr Anthony Beetey, Master oF 
the Broderers' Company, as- 
sisted by Mr Eric Hannam and 
Major Gerald Charrington. 
Wardens, last night entertained 
at dinner at Mercers' Hall the 
masters, wardens and clerks of 
associated companies. Lord 
Harvingion and Sir Michael 
Harrison, Master of the 
Mercers' Company, were the 
speakers. Among those present 

The Earl of Gainsborough, the Master 
of Lfu? Merchant Taylors’ Company. 
Ilie Master of me Chartered 
Accountants' company ana the. Mas- 
ter of the Company of the Watermen 
and Lightermen of the River Thames. 

Bahrain Society 
Mr E. F. Given. Chairman of foe 
Bahrain Society, presided at foe 
annual dinner held last night at 
the Viidlo D’Oro Restaurant 
Westminster. Sir George 
Middleton, vice-president, also 
spoke and the guests were the 
Charge d" Affaires of Bahrain. Sir 
James Craig and Mr David 


British-Soviet Chamber of 

Viscount Whiielaw. CH. was the 
guest speaker at foe seventieth 
anniversary members' luncheon 
of the British-Soviet Chamber 
of Commerce held yesterday at 
the Connaught Rooms. Sir John 
May hew -Sanders presided and 
the Soviet delegation was led by 
Mr E. P. Pitovranov. Chairman 
of the Presidium of the USSR 
Chamber of Commerce and 
Industry. Others present 

■pte soitef cnante d' Affair**. Earl 
.tellKoe icluimur. East curowon 
Trad* Council). Sir Kenneth puritan 
jprysttynl. . Ass ociation of British 

Service luncheon 

Indian Army Association 
Lieutenant-Colonel A-A-Mains 
presided at a luncheon held 
yesterday at the Cavalry and 
Guards Club for members of the 
Indian Army Association after 
their annual meeting. 



Dramatist of the troubled conscience 

Fritz HochwaJder, the Aus- 
trian dramalisL died on Octo- 
ber 20 in Zurich, which be had 
made his home. He was 75. 

HochwaJder wasa consider- 
able figure in European dra- 
ma, and continued to be 
prolific for foe stage as wen as 
for radio and television. He 
never repeated the commer- 
cial success of his first play, 
Das heilige Experiment , 
known m the anglophone 
world as The Strong Are 
Lonely. But what he did was of 
a consistently high standard. 

He was bom in Vienna on 
May 28, 191 1, the son of an 
upholsterer. At school he was 
considered academically me-, 
diocre, and it was thought 
better that he leave to take up 
his father’s trade. While work- 
ing he began to write, largely 
for his own amusement, 
though two plays were put on 
at small theatres in Vienna. 

Left to his own devices he 
might never have left a city to 
which he was passionately 
attached, and whose 
Volks theater’s traditions in- 
fused his work, even in exile. 
But his parentage was Jewish, 
and after the Anschluss he 
tried to get an exit visa. 

This proved impossible and 
in August 1938, he stole 
across the frontier into Swit- 
zerland. His parents subse- 
quently died in Nazi 
concentration camps. 

In Switzerland he lived as 
an illegal, though subsidized, 
immigrant in a succession of 
refugee camps, with all occu- 
pation forbidden him. But this 
had its advantages. No longer 
trammelled by the necessity to 
earn a living, he began to write 

with a clearer sense of what he 
was aiming aL And in the 
summer of 1942,- m a cottage 
on Lake Maggiore lent him by 
friends, he -wrote Dos keitige 
Experiment . 

Set in the utopian Jesuit 
community in eighteenth cen- 
tury Paraguay, it subtly ex- 
plores the conflict in the mind 
of the Father Provincial be- 
tween his admiration of that 
heaven on earth, and his 
perception of its threat to the 
geopolitical coherence of the 
Roman Catholic Church. 

Das keilige Experiment was 
first performed in BteL Swit- 
zerland, in 1943, but had to 
wait until after the war for 
international recognition. It 
ran for 400 performances In 
Paris, where it was hailed asa 
modern European classic. 

In 1953 it reached Broad- 
way, where it had a. poor 
reception, owing to an indif- 
ferent translation. But it ac- 
quired its English title which, 
if it suggested little about the 
play's contents, had easy-to- 
rem ember, middlebrow, qual- 
ities which anglo-saxon 
audiences like. (Astonishingly, 
when it was put on by BBC 
television last year; with its 
original title literally translat- 
ed, it was solemnly reviewed 
by at least one critic as if it 
were a new work from some 
prentice playwrighL) 

Das heilige Experiment pro- 
vided emancipation for 
Hochwalder from tire wretch- 
ed shifts of the war years, 
ended his isolation from other 
writers, and laid the founda- 
tions for his subsequent 

His second play, . Der 

FlQchting {The Fugitive). 
based on a scenario by 
friend, Georg Kaiser, whojrao 
died in 1945, described a 
simitar struggle this ume 
within the conscience oi a 
frontier guard when his wire 
lets a wanted man escape. Less 
philosophically subtle than its 
predecessor, it had 
melodramatic qualities wnicn 
matte it a successful film. . . 

Guilt and responsibility 

were themes to which he 
constantly recurred. Der 
dfferatiche Anklager (1947) 
translated as The Public Prose- 
cutor. had FouquierTinviUe,a 

French Revolutionary public 
prosecutor, conducting a case 
against an unknown enemy of 
the people - subsequently 
revealed as himself. This 
ranks among bis best plays. 

Hochwalder was opposed to 
the destruction of form which 
he saw as characteristic of 
contemporary drama. Never- 
theless 1003 (1963) was ex- 
perimental, creating, a la 
Pirandello, a protagonist and 
then pondering the attributes 
with which he is to be made 

Among his television plays 
Der Befehl ( The Order) was 
commissioned by Aukrian 
TV for Eurovision 

Though Hochwalder was 
given permission after the war 
to return to Austria, he stayed 
in Switzerland, despite being 
accorded the highest honours 
by the Austrian state. 

He was twice married, first 
in 1951, to Ursula Buchi, of 
Switzerland. This - marriage 
ended in divorce in 1957. He 
married, second, in 1960, 
Susanne Schreiner, of Vienna. 
They had one daughter. 


Mr Leon Henderson, a 
prominent New Deal econo- 
mist whom Roosevelt called 
his “price czar", died on 
October 19. He was 91. 

He was also the firstdirector 
of the Office of Price Adminis- 
tration, responsible during the 
Second World War for estab- 
lishing price controls and 
rationing to control inflation. 

Bom at Millville, New Jer- 
sey, he served in the Army 
during the First World War, 
and afterwards taught eco- 
nomics at Pennsylvania Uni- 
versity and the Carnegie 
Institute of Technology. 

His first taste of politics was 
as secretary to the governor of 
Pennsylvania. He joined the 
National Recovery Adminis- 
tration in 1925 where he 
specialized in loans, doing 
research on consumer credit 
and investigating loan sharks. 

He was an outspoken critic 

of the NRA's policies and in 
1934 joined the Roosevelt 
administration as a consumer 
adviser. He soon found favour 
with the president when he 
claimed that the New Deal 
was creating a national eco- 
nomic recovery. 

Henderson was appointed 
economist for the Democratic 
National Committee in the 
1936 Presidential campaign 
and his reputation was further 
enhanced when be predicted 
the boom of 1936 and die 
slump of the following year. 

He returned to work for the 
government as economic 
counsellor to the Works 
Project Administration and, 
in 1938, became secretary to 
the Temporary National Eco- . 
nomic Commission, credited 
with carrying but the most 
thorough examination ever of 
United States monopolies. 

During 1939 Henderson 

worked both for the Securities 
and Exchange Commission 
and the National Council on 
Defense. It was not until 1941. 
however, that he took up his 
most difficult assignment as 
director of the Office of Price 
Administration, a post which 
made him a national figure. 

Here he was responsible for 
price controls and for ration- 
ing of a variety of products, 
including petrot shoes, sugar, 
coffee and meaL Henderson 
was one of the few to under- 
stand the scope of what the 
economy had to produce m 
order successfully to mobilize 
for war, and he convinced the 
nation that it was possible; 

He remaned for two years, 
resigning to become an eco- 
nomic commentator and con- 
sultant • ■ • • 

He is survived by his wife, 
Myriie, two daughters and a 


Mr Julius Strauss, who was 
one of the British founders of 
the Eurobond market, and 
who has a strong claim to have 
invented the term 
“Eurobond”, died recently at 
Ihe age of 75. 

He was bora on October 6, 
1910. in Frankfurt, and edu- 
cated there at the Goethe 
Gymnasium. In 1933 he came 
lo England and joined two 
cousins in the stock broking 
firm of Vickers da Costa. 

In 1938, with a friend from 
that firm, he set up the 
stockbroking partnership of 
Strauss Turnbull & CxL to 
which he largely devoted the 
rest of his life. 

But at the outbreak of war in 
1939 - though still an unnatu- 
ralized “enemy” alien - he 
joined the Pioneer Corps. He 
later transferred to a branch of 
Intelligence working at 
Amersham, and at the end of 
the war took pan in the 
interrogation of top Nazis in 

Soon afterwards he was 
naturalized British, but on 
returning to his business life 
his activities became increas- 
ingly international His lin- 
guistic ability was an 
advantage. Apart from. Ger- 
man and English, he also 
spoke French and Dutch. He- 
travelled much in the United 
States and Continental 
Europe, and was an early 
advocate of portfolio diversifi- 
cation outside sterling. 

In 1963 he helped to found 
the Eurobond market, which 
since then has grown from 
zero u> $500 billion. The word 
“Eurobond” was probably in- 
vented him, though there 
are two other claimants: the 
late Sir Siegxnund Warburg 
and the late Sir George Bolton. 

Strauss trained the sons of 
banking families from all over 
the world, who worked under 
him as part of their appren- 
ticeship. In 1980 he launched 


Mr Bert Hill, the comic 
artist who created Crazy Kink 
the Goofy Gangster and many 
other popular children's com- 
ic characters, died on October 
22. He was 84. 

Albert Hill was bora in 
Guernsey on December !, 
1901. He left school at the age 
of 13 to become a trainee 
projectionist at the Electric 
Cinema and became fascinat- 
ed by the primitive animated 
cartoon films which were just 
becoming popular. 

These became virtual art 
lessons lo the yotuig Hill, and 
when the Electric closed in 
1917 he apprenticed himself 
to a local printer. His spare- 
time sketches impressed his 
employer, who encouraged 
him to submit them to 
London publishers. 

His first effort was accepted 
by the Amalgamated Press 
and published in the comic 
Merrv and Bright on June 5, 

It was during the 1930s, the 
golden age of British comics, 
that he found his form and 
became a full-time comic 
artist. Provincial Comics is- 
sued number one of The 
Midget in 1931 and Hill was 
immediately rewarded with 
the front page of this and a 
second comic. The Sparkler. 

After the demise of both. 
Target Publications launched 
The Dossier and The Rattler. 
For the latter Hill created bis 
most memorable and original 
star. Crazy Kink the Goofy 
Gangster, a broad burlesque 
on Chicago mobsters. 

Although the concept of 

villain and hero dated back to 
Chokee Bill the Burglar, who 
appeared m Comic Cists in 
1897, Hill’s wise-cracking, ci- 
gar-chewing Yankee was 
something new, echoing the 
contemporary popularity of 
the Janies Cagney movies. 

The comics were a success 
and Hill . was soon busily 
producing new strips for seven 
titles with a roUcafl of charac- 
ters including Tommy Trot 
the Tudor Tramp and West- 
ern Willie the Cowboy 
Coughdrop. His last hero was 
Willie Scribble the pavement 
artist, drawn far The Bouncer; 

Amalgamated Press bought 
out the firm and kiQed off the 
comics, but Hill then won 
space in the AP - comics, 
drawing Puckville Pranks for 

With the German occupa- 
tion of Guernsey, however, he 
found himself cut off from 
comics. He returned lo news- 
paper work on the Guernsey 
Star, and after the war be drew 
the island's official victory 

He then moved to Chiches- 
ter and worked with Gerald G. - 
Swan. pioneeriiK publisher of 
British comic books 1 in the 
American format For Stick 
Fun he drew Inspector Slop 
the Plainclothes Cop, but his ' 
best work was drawn in full 
colour, for The Kiddvfun 

After the collapse of Swan 
Publications in 1951, he re- 
lumed to the printing trade. . 
and after retirement spent his 
days lettering showcards for 
Chichester stores. 

a joint venture,' the Sotiete 
G6n6rale Strauss Turnbull, 
based in London and Paris. 

Though he was in for the 
last four years, he continued to 
work nearly fuH time. Apart 
from his business life, he 
served many charitable 
causes, mainly in an 
un publicized way. 

He was not a strong Zionist, 
but be was a practising Jew - 
more liberal than orthodox - 
and was still on the board of 
management of his local syna- 
gogue at the time of his death, 
having earlier acted as. its 
treasurer for eleven years. He 
had also been on ihe commit- 
tee of the Association of 
Jewish Refugees. 

He enjoyed opera, and was a 
keen collector of pictures, 
more especially by twentieth 
. century Jewish artists. 

He married, in 1954. Irene 
Schneider, who survives him 
with their son. 


Professor Alan Wardman, 
Professor of Classics at Read-, 
ing University, died on Octo- 
.ber 21. . He was 60. 

Alan Edgar Wardman was 
born on April 28, 1926, and 
educated at Islewuih County 
School, and St John's College, 
Cambridge, where he took a 
double first in . Classics and 
gained the H. A.. Thomas and - 
Poison scholarships. 

He took up an assistant 
lectureship in classics at Read- 
ing in 1951, and remained iri 
the department throughout 
bis career, being made reader 
in 1974, head ofdepartment in • 
!979^and professor in 1983. 

Wardman was a highly indi- 
vidual scholar who belonged 
to no schooL His equal mas- 
tery of Greek and Roman 
matters, . together with his 
combination of intellectual 
clarity and sympathy, give his 
books unusual breadth of 

His most widely consulted 
work, Plutarch's Lives (1974), 
was followed two years later 
by Rome's Debt to Greece. His 
third book; Religion and 
Statecraft Among the Romans, 
was published in 1982;. 7 

His other abiding passions 
were t chess, aad bridge. At 
tournament bridge he had 
notable successes in Gold. and 
Crockford cup-winning teams. 

He was also in the England 
team- for Camrose Trophy 
home internationals, and the 
side never -tost a match 'm ’ 
which. heplpyed, , •' 

He is hfa wife 
Judith.' There were no ebrt-: ; 

dren pftbemarriage. ' 


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ALEXANDER On October 23rd. to 
Wendy inn? MrLanm) and phot. a 
Aiuohier. shut lo Laura and Jamie. 
MELKrtE On 8 th Ortober. to Barba- 
ra mre Souinwortti) and James, a 
son. Cordon. 

BUK On October 2UI In Svdnev. to 
Jutie and Hew. a son. third Austra- 
lian qrandrhiw. ror James and 
Ebzaheth of Arngaji, Suuicnand. 
BLOOM - On October 4lh lOSfi. to 
Penny tnU Ttwmmomand Martin, a 
dano wtr. Lucy Ann. 

COOKE ■ On October 17m. to Anne 
incc Land on) and Nick, a son. Toby 
Huqh Huxley, a brother ror renena. 
Soowe. Caroline and Jaime. 
OOVWOTON - On October 18th. to 
/ Diana uwe WUUanvsi and Howard, a 
F> daughter. Victoria Amanda. 
CRANSTON «■ On October 22nd I486, 
to Rosie inie Btni) and David. Cod's 
BtR of a son. Peter Beniamin a broth- 
er for Andrew. Joniunan and 

DENSON - On October 18th. to Louise 
uiee -Stamdritt) and Nioel. a son. 
Marcus William John. 

DUFIELL - On 20th October, to Ann 
i nee Wooddj and Peter, a son. 
Charles.- a brother (or Rachel. 
FITCH On 16th October 1986. lo 
Qurkrile (nee Hurley) and Paul, a 
d aughter . Joanna Louise. 

Gramms - On 22nd October at Ox- 
ford. to Fiona (nee Ptne) and 
Andrew, a daughter. Caroline Helen 
Man . • sister for Alexander. 

UNDO - On 23rd October 1986. at St. 
George's Hospital. Tooting, to Joan 
and: David, twin daughters, Ooiua 
and Ntcote 

MERCER On 17lh October 1986. at 
Exeter, to JOl and Geoffrey, a son. 
Charles Richard Rocnfort. 
NATYSMJC • On September iau» 
,<5986. to EllzabeUi (nee Gacfeowskaf 
^ahd.Ccorge. a daueftter. Stephanie 

NCVISON on I Oth October 1986. to 
Garonne mee James) and Angus, of 
Walcha. M.S.W.. a daughter Alice 

OHLSSON On October 20Ui 1986. to 
Juna (nee Palau) and BernL a daugh- 
ter. (Camilla Marta St. Ctain. a aster 
(or Laura Taman. 

PROS5ER On 18th October 1986. a! 
Oueen Chariotle's Hoautai. lo Susan 
mee Wnqhii and Michael, a daugh- 
ter. Charlotte DizaDeth Rose. 
TURNBULL - On October 19th 1986. 
lo Sue tnee WorlodO and Mike, a 
son. (Sam Peter Edward Wortock). a 
brother for Sophie. 

VON PFEFER - Ob October 14Ui at 
The Portland Hasn|aL To Louise 
and Rolf, a daughter. Zoo Tatiana 
Frederica Elisabeth. With many 
Ihanks lo all concerned. 

WAND - TETLEY.- On 22nd October, 
to Jacqueline and Charles, of Starnes, 
another son. 

.^WILLIAMS -On October 21 st 1986. to 
' ' Robyn tnee Moffe) and Anthony, a 
son. Thomas Anthoay 


ALEXANDER - On October 2 Lst. 
peacefully at Nuffield Hospital. 
Wcxham. George Wellington. vAfcx). 
kned husband of Margaret. Funeral 
service at Olilerm Crematorium. 
Amoruiam. at it am. On Monday 
October 27th. Family flowers only 
Mease, but donations tf desired, to 
the British Heart Foundation. 102 
Ctourcster Place. London Wl. 

ARCHER - On 19th October 1986. at 
Dulwich. Hospital. London. Mtcnael 
Archer of Rouse Cardens. SE 21 . de- 
voted husband of Gertrude, at the 
age of B*. after a life of much cour-. 
age. Cremalio n on Tuesday’ 28th at 
Honor Oak Crematorium. Brenchley 
Cardens. SC23 at 12 noon. Dona- 
tions to Alzheimer's Deceases Sooety 
wiu be welcome- Please send to 
Keilaways Funeral Services. 104 
Lordship Lane. East Dulwich. SE22. 

BOYD • On Sunday 19th October, at 
tier home In Devizes. Elsa, sadly 

. mussed bv an who knew her Funeral 
<6 lake Mace a u sum. Thursday 
23rd October at Bath Cretbatonum. 
No flowers Mease, donanons lo 
Ouakcr. Concern tar Animal Welfare. 
Dei izcs. 

CANNON On October 20 lh. suddenly, 
among hts friends at Malmesbury. 
John, lately of Musweil Md). London. 
Funeral Service at the Abbey. 
Malmesbury, on Monday October 
27th. ll 30. Flowers lo Matthews. 7 
Burnham Road. Malmesbury. Me- 
morial Service will be announced 
later Enquiries to Oroffrey Cannon. 
t> Aldridge Road villas. London wn 

DOWLEY • On October 22 n<L peaceful- 
ly <ai home. Marv oeuvre, will be 
• missed so much by her family and 
many fnends. Reoutem Mass m St 
George's Roman Caunbe Churcn. 
. Taunton, ai 11.30am on 29m Octo- 
ber. followed by pnvaie cremation. 
Any enquires to Leonard E. Smith 
F/O. 1 Hay don Road. Taunton. ' 
HAGUE - On 22nd October. Btggary 
■Belly) of LLandre. Aberysiwyih. 
mother of Matthew, wife of Douglas. 
IAY • On Wednesday October 22 nd 
1986. peacefully. Jonn Lesoe CJfgger) 
aged 73 years, of Maouhay. 
Glm vine, isle of Man. and formerly 
with me Shell OU Co. in I he Philip- 
pines. Dear husband of Eileen and 
(he (ale Muriel. Funeral service and 
Cremation, will be held on Friday 
Ortober 24lh. at Douglas Borough 
. Crematorium. 1 ,30pm. Family (low- 
ers only, donations 10 . Marown ami 
C ancer. C/a Mtss M. Stevenson. 6 . 
Creeba Avenue. Marown. Enquiries 
10 Kissack Bros. Lta. Funeral Direc 
tors . Crosby. Tel: 10624) 881377 
HOBBS - On Ortober 22nd. peacefully 
in hospital- John Nobbs. PnesL in ha 
87Ui year, and the S9Ui year of ha 
Priesthood. Dear husband of Mano- 
rle. Requiem Mass on Wednesday’ 
October 29th at 12 noon at SI. 
Maiychurch Parish Church. Tor- 
ouay . No flowers Mease. 
POPPUEWEU. - On Saturday X 8 U 1 Oc- 
tober 1986. Peter of Cheshire Home. 
Isle of Wight. Cremation 12 noon 
Tuesday 28in October, at toe of 
Wkmii Crematorium. 

SCHOFflELD - On October 22. aged 86. 

the Reverend John Noel. 2nd LL 
Royal Flying Corps. President of me 
- Society for Old Testament Study. 
1969. Emeritus Fellow of Wolfton 
College. Cambridge. Dear husband of 
Winifred, much loved father, grand- 
father and okl friend. Funeral 
Thursday October 30 at Clarence 
Road Baptist Church. Fieri. Hum at 
215 p.m.. No flowers, donations 
please to RAF Benevolent Fund. 
SENIOR - On 21st October, peacefully, 
at Sevenoaks. Kent. Isabel Janet 
Cooper Senior. tnee Syme). beloved 
wile of Die lale Murrey Senior, and 
mother of Alan and of the lale Janet 
Young. Funeral at 1220wn on 
Thursday October 30. at St- Luke's 
Earth oy Road- Sevenoaks. Private In- 
lermeni later Arrangements by 
Messr s Chappells. Sevenoaks. 
STETTAUER - On 22nd October. 
Grace Siettauer M.B.E. (Strit). In her 
92nd year. A uni of Joyce Waley-Co- 
hen and Roger Nathan. A leaner of 
the WVS. during me War. Funeral 

TAYLOR - On 21st October. Geoffrey 
Balmond. beloved husband of Mau- 
reen Pcaivour. alter a long Uiness. 
Funeral Pnvaie-. Donations If de- 
sired. 10 Royal Free Hospital. London 

THORP - On 2 1 st October. 'Micky' 
widow of CapL John Thorp R.N. 
Mother of Lyndsay. Richard and 
Jeremy. Arandmomer of Eleanor. 
Joshua and Patrick. 

TOTTENHAM- Qn October 20 th 1986. 
peacefully ai home. Evelyn Rosahe. 
widow of Admiral Sir Francis Tot- 
tenham K.C.B.. of Wesmill. 
Bembndge. isle or wight Funeral 

TRAHERNE - On 22nd October, bi 
Australia. Lady Traherne O.BX.. 
O.DSIJ.. BJL. el Coedarhydyg tyn. 
near Cardiff. Beloved wife of 
Cennydd. Funeral private. Arrange- 
ments ror Service or Thanksgiving 
ror her nfe. and works 10 be an- 
nounced laler. 

WEL80URN - On October 22 . peace- 
fully al home In Hemel Hempstead. 
Jack, aaed 78. laie R.N.v.R. Hus- 
band of Tod. father of Jane and Jo. 


GARDNER- There will be a Memorial 
Service for Professor Dame Helen 
Gardner In the University Church of 
St. Marv the virgin. Oxiord. on Sat- 
urday. November 22nd. at 2 JO pjm. 


MERTON 'Geoffrey and Bridget, died 
tragically 2 atn October 1984. are. 
and always wiH be. very much loved 
and missed, tjy us all • Michael. Lau- 
ra. Tame and Lucy. 

STEM P.PJK. Remembering Oeorty 
loicd Peter, died Oct 24 Ul 1971 

WILCOX - Donald. Died 24.10.81. re- 
membered wnh love every day - 



October 1936. at CheBoa Okt 
Church. John 10 Pa Hence. 

Science report 

The medicinal leech 
makes a comeback 

By Dorothy Bonn 



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The fashion for blood-leuing 
tn the ci&hieenih and nineteenth 
ccmuncs probably did more 
harm than good, bui medicinal 
lixvlies are now finding a ptace 
in more nuional forms of 

For insiancc. ai St Bar- 
tholomew's Hospital in 
London, where six leeches are 
kept in freshwater tanks in the 
pharmacy, they are sometimes 
used to cMraci Wood from 
haematomas and severe bruises* 

Plastic surgeons may employ 
them 10 remove blood from 
surgical wounds in such opera- 
tions as the rcattachment _ of 
severed hands or fingers, giving 
the graft a better chance of 

Chemicals in leech saliva are 
- v being explored as possible treat- 
-• ments for thrombosis, athero- 
sclerosis and cancer. The 
compounds have anti-coagulant 
properties, which prevent dot- 
ting of the Wood on which the 
creature feeds. 

Leeches have three jaws with 
which they make a tri radiate 
incision in the skin of a mam- 
mal. The European species* 
Hindu mit/iunahs. favours hu- 
man blond, and if given the 
chance it will ingest ^00 per cent 
of its own body weight. Such a 
meal will probably last it a year. 

Research has shown that bit- 
ing behaviour is induced by 
mammalian body temperature 
and chemicals on ihe victim s 

skin, but the leech will not suck 
blood until it has tasted sodium 
and arginine in the blood. 

Skin temperatures excite cer- 
tain neurones in the leech* 
ca using them 10 secrete seroto- 
nin, which in turn stimulates the 
pharynx to pump blood, the 

jaws" 10 bite and the salivaty 
glands 10 secrete their 

Hirudin, the ami-coagulant 
found in leech saliva, is the most 
powerful natural anti -coagulant 
known, and the DNA, which 
carries the genetic code for its 
production, has recently been 
cloned, thus opening the wayfor 
it 10 be made relatively cheaply 
in the laboratory. 

Other substances found in 
leech saliva include enzymes 
called fibrinases. one of which 
can disrupt blood dots, the 
other possibly dissolve athero- 
sclerotic plaques. Another leech 
enzyme prevents platelet 
aggregation, and thus thrombo- 
sis. by inhibiting the secretion of 
adenosine triphosphate from 

The saliva of the giant leech, 
Haementpria, contains a sub- 
stance that inhibits the spread of 
lung tumours by interfering with 
the secretion of enzymes by the 

Source: Sature, vol 323 p 494. 

Tomorrow: Conservation of ihe 


> 0 - 


LaicM appoint men is include: 
Lord Fertrsham. President of 
the Yorkshire Association of 
l aval Councils, to be President 
of the National Association of 
Local Councils, in succession to 
the Duke of Grafton. 

Mr P J. Khcatt. formerly of the 
Treasury, to he Speaker's See- 
retan from December l tn 
succession 10 Mr W.A. Beau- 
mont. w ho is retiring. 

Mr> Marian Roe. MP, to bo 
Parliamentary Private Secretary' 
10 the Secretary of State for 
1 ranspon. Mr 3ohn Moore. 

Mr Roy McDowell. Chairman 
of the * Board of the British 
Standards Institution, to be 
Prestdent of the International 
Electrotechnical Commission. 
Tlic fallowing to he Deputy 
Livuicnanis ol East Sussex: _ 
Mr Ci?. HalL Mr R.H. 
Bra v bon. Colonel Robert St 
John Barkshinr. Lord Hamp- 
den. Mr R.G. Morgan, Sir 
Geoffroj Johnson Smith, MP* 
Colonel Peter Howard- 
Han rood, Mr JJ. ChariteW, 

Miss Julia Frances Cnntberlege, 
and Colonel Alan Dexter. 

Mr Bill Devon Smith. Mr Robin 
Newman and Mr Mark 
Thomasin-Foster to be Deputy 
Lieutenants of Essex. 


Mr Richard Graham Hamilton 
to be a circuit judge on the 
Northern CircuiL 

Mr George Michael Lightfoot to 
he a circuit judge on the North- 
eastern Circuit. 

Mr John Swinbnrn Wilson to be 
joint Registrar for the Conceit. 
Durham. Gateshead. South 
Shields and Sunderland county 
courts, and joint District Reg- 
istrar of the High Court at 
Durham. South Shields and 
Sunderland from November 3. 

Middle Temple 

The following have been elected 
Masicrv of the Bench of the 
Middle Temple. Mr B.L. Leary. 
QC. and Mr DA Wood. QC, 






The fhurrti is crkhraime i486 as its 
. Ci-iUm Jubtfct Year and wid* (swuws 
io us livTorr mmlm uirnugjioui ibr 
»ortd. From moom Kmhhhiks iu mens- 
hmhip has memoro to ova nw 
thousand, rardim m a modem and re- 
muK cfllsrjfd f nurtfi. 

Ibr ns Jnhrire ThanLevin* Serna on 
huntoi I4» DnrmtXT ihr Chuith would 
afnmtau giwfings fiwn its former 

P.0. Box 1588 Accra Ghana 


Life saving treauncnl is known, but 
unavailable ihrough faefc of fluids to 
people who die annually from 
kidney failure. Please help anal a 
reprieve for some of them ihu year 
Donations 10 : 


Patient association 

Bonkm. Hants. 

TcL Bordon 2021/2 

-COUNTKV FUR In PKTMtlllV Dffnon- 
urauom arid extiibnwrn. tttowino uw 
. arte of saddle.- wiup. dm a. untorrtla. 
ImI A rap making An rxMWbon nw 
laleonry snsotav Ounmakma and free 
iBIuMMite. bnernalional Grano Raftle 
lor Riding Ibr Ihe Dmwd Journey in a 
mnearawn eampq* ihrouon Pkcmu- 
Is- and St James's are Inriuoed in Uhs 
( treat «*\ wd . Open 9 IUI £.30 daily except 
Hednesdav. nos'd from 1 pm Aonia- 
smmi free 188 PendiHy London Wl 

would like lo e x pr ess my sincere and 
. imanieu amioaM lo Man, Junes and 
Anomo ana my ItMw brokers tar lit* 
emfcarammeni caused lo 

them ai a ume a orotauna importance 
for all concerned I Snerraan 

Bell BooKsnoo. Hemev-on Thames ugn- 
ino nwn M m boon b m iw w i me 
woods and The Water on Saturday. 
ZStn October (ram 1 1 SO to 12.30 pm. 
To rrvnr your ropy telephone. 0491 

PLEASE HELP The National Bme\olenl 
Fund for me Aged lo preside TENS" 
mar runes (or ihe relief of pain In condl- 
Mm like armniis. £oO buys a mactmw. 
Doiumhw iww i« fly Vncounl 
Tonvpandy. Chairman. NBFA. 36. New 
Broad SI.. Lrmoon CC 2 M inh. 

-MATHERmE shall Be taofclna Inal the Did 
iwumi hinrnnme rtr on Monday. Ono 
Pei 57 Lo see who Km" 

USHQUC book^mp tar «Me BwyounHF* 
ns lined rob Ui the- rountry See Bull 
nrws l or Sale BuMm-n lo Busbma. 


nOEMIISHIP, Lose or Marrlaw All ages, 
areas. Oaielinr. Dew K7>bi 23 ABmgdon 
Road. London M /8 Tef; Ol 938 lOtl 

TRADE BERTS rmnrred try Sollraors. 
SkriKMiwulP Tel Ol 272 8201 

CALIBRE CVS Lid prefeydonal curricu- 
lum \itae documents Details. Ol oil 


the team with the best 
experience World-wide 
TEL: 0227 462618 



Ihe team with the best 
experience World -wide 

TEL: 0227 462618 

PHOTOCOPIERS ai wholesale prices. UI 
esl htgn-lrcn from Ihe suppher with 
serum OL 278 6127 

CONVEY ANCMR W fully OualUied S oka 
loss LI80 * 'AT MO Nanoarfl 
rtnJHHvmrnK ring 0244 319398. 

BRIDGE London Sriiool « Bridge Mid 
Club. 38 Kings Road. SwS. 01-589 


WANTED. Lock-up gaiaor for laree UzrC 
car Lease or rental Portland 
piar«VM«rie>’ Slrm area. Tn 01-493 
1412 Or 01 Mb 2990 

MARCELLA SMRH Paintings A water 
tanin wameo by Uns arust Reply. The 
I « e Quirrv, The Sana re. Slow oa the 
wow.Cuwwrvwr 31319 

JEWELLERY. Cold- Silier. Otmonds ur 
ovmtv wanted Top onrn wabaims. *1 
Lamos Condmi Si WC1 qt JOS 8538 
COINS Cold. ohrr. sbude/coDerUon. Pur 
rhase rash Pniafe 01 50b tleB 
MASONIC MEDALS and aU relaud aTU- 
ries uanied Tel 01 229 9b 1 a 

WANTED Edwardian. Virtonan and an 
paanled lurmlun' Mr Athlon Ol 947 
594b 6b7 boW Gamut Lahe. Earteftrid. 

WANTED Edwardian. VHTortan and an 
painted lunulure Mr Asmon 01 947 
5946 667 Oo9 Carraxl Lane. EarKhHd. 
Ste 17 

ROYAL OOULTON Toby JugL Ffotirinea. 

animate. «r . wanted 01 883 0024 
WANTED Old toys, bong Id for rash. 
Phone John Jones. 0203 574232 



Give Direct 
To Cancer 

With 8 M uientkls. ' 

I doriamand leritmriaia rn 
I our ova Unmans, ostr 
[ SB. I^> of your daratiaa or 
bn *oes dittedy lo 

ffendlcc PO Bor 123. 
Rom Ti. LincohiV hn Fkkk 
L««fa nWC2A3 K{ 

Jurr ik sm h J?no 


» Hnom4S.N> BmJS.' 

Bwion- on Tibil DEM 3LQ dr 
tdcphwa- KM YthW 

We can’t 
care for the 
victims of 
cancer unless 
you do. 

You can help us io replace 
fear and despair wish calm and 
dignity for so many, by malunc 
a legacy, covenant or donation 
Please contact un for details 
of payment rtuhr awayar 
The National Society lor Cancer 
Relief, Room WB. Anchor House, 
16-19 Britten Si , London SW33TY 
"telephone 01 331 7811 

Macmillan fund 




Voull W> INMhd by our huh al 
rlsctta carpets 

-' Wiranrirr* beautiful naluAri cork iu«.' 
(-Mremnv hare wearing Utcbe*l moo 
n ran buy CB'ft per ta yd + vat 
Mere Lawn \n\m hi# carpel 14 Ham 
rolourv Burn 9 undertav 12* wUr 
from sm* 7 year w«v guarantee iw 
Mmr or oflire W 78 twr >«yd evan 
Pun i nr taroM vortm M plain nr 
priuig-in LOHMfl 

148 Wapds w onh Bodge Rd 
Planoa» Orem SWo 


Free EKtunam-Cxnen Fining 

- BEWITCHffi* 


A rpH ws *ea cw on aa obto bkmhs Pro- 
ertd io oar arm or SoNh lmmo saamn aim 
M pun ad bMUntw nous tat idn 

oaten a pocIum ntota tram orlr CtCbo «4 

AMiy Sl nwi 
01 «3S 8 S 8 S 
MUttry Pto S£18 
01 854 4SI7 


EM tail of Bond Street 



r<t 26 *- dewMU balance rnuyaolr by 
S» muni monthly instalments al S*b 
hoi mierea rate da 

01-491 2777 

1920 RERUN R Core and KWBnann 
Banv qnmo ntano. uron cn emrungi au- 
UienlW ctmduion. rerenuv tuned and 
garth' mining, ebony rMour. Mnuwe 
affert Imded Tel: 061 2S9 3028 

BURNED We ran i oo Can you? ExreHrm 
2 week bM houaav for 4 from 4th Jan. 
Swm / lUbdh AIM. £329 rarh all md. 
Call Hamel Ol 58 1 0196 after 4pm. 

and StanMn >4 vie dining runuuire 
made to order Over 50 dinma *uues as 
wavs aiaiidOtr tor immeoiaie delivery 
Netllebrd. near Hen lev on Thames 
■04911 041115. Bountemouai 10302) 
293380. TtoMham. Dm on 1030787 J 
7443. Btrrmv. Ota* I04S3I 810902. 

PRIEST aua lily wool caroete. Al Lrade 
pores and under, aim available 10 O*s 
extra. Lome room w remnants under 
nail normal pnev Chancery Carpets Ol 
405 0053 

TICKETS lor any mew. Cats. StarttoM 
I.xp. Oe In Mr. All theatre and 
-port- Tel 821 bbto/B28-049& A-fcx i 
Visa / Quiet- 

AIR EP AIX T UI IWO Wli puppfn front weft 
known brreaer lorei family urt /guard. 
Reasonable price 0631 81403 

CATS, CRESS, Ln Mu. Ail" theatre and 
sport. Tri 439 1763. An mtuor credit 

-ENCYCLOPAEDIA Bntlamca. 1986 edt- 
imn £860 ono. Aha 64 tofunes Great 
Boohs £300 ono Trt.OI -676-3736 

Unroonr lor sale by private owner 
ReptV Box L 29 

SMALL .Very prehy tmald waDud upright 
piano. EuvUmi piaving order, tuned 
£545. Mux Condition. Ot 453 0148: 

SOLID la n gmo Cartier Samoa, 
uiunarutaie roodlliOn. £2960 onto. Tel 
061 047 D644 

YORK CRAZY PAVING tar palms and 
Onvewav-. space needro. hence low 
pnres Obi 223 0881. Ool 231 6785. 

ways LmuMauim sal* Tel Ool 223 
OKBt/Ooi 23i 0785. 

ANTIQUE Virtnrfpn Rocutng Home. Good 
rondiuon. UfiO Tek C07357) 3670. 

BIRTHDAY DUE ? Ghe someone an ortgt- 
ml ranee Newmaoer toned Uie tery 
nay they were bom £15-30. 0492- 

SEATFMDCRS Be* Urkets ror an sold- 
out meins Our menu include moat 
itumr ronwnm. OrriM cards artepted. 
Ol 828 1078 

Returtmnrd / Lnrenurbtshrd OeMtery 
/ snipping arranged Tel 0930229742 
or 220447 

THE TIMES 1795-1988. Other lines 
ataM Hand bound ready foe -present*. 
Tran mo “Sundays'*- XtLSO 
Rrnmber Won 01 088 0323. 

oter t yen i4PR Ot>|. tow Interwa 
rates m er 2 veam i APR 9 JPvl A 3 years 
I APR I 2 - 2 -..I wruten auotabons. Free 
Catalogue 30a Higngaie Road. NWS. 
01 207 7671 

2 BEAUTIFUL Beoeaeta Grands, must- 
run uwiumsiL good pne* for outrit 
sale 580 4981 


MAIDA VAUL Shan large comtartaMe 
Hat with tentale O/R. nr all transport 6 
laedibrs Non smoker praf £300 pem 
■art 01 2B9 1102 

DOCKLANDS Fully I urn Ctee city Sum* 
brarm L48 PW OWe B-dnu teua cou- 
ptel U5 PW earn Ol 600 7733 tOioOS 
9BbS tatlw Turn rnoay only I 

FULHAM Pn ofer a to n ai male/Temair. non 
smoLrr. large double bedroom m lanuly 
home Monday to Friday p i-ei erred. £50 
pw tnrlusne Tel. Ol 730 9349 

HAMPTON MLL near Malign. Young pro- 
lesvtonN Nun smoker to share family 
home Own bathroom Bed. tmidM 
and evening meat. Monday- id Friday 
£36 Td 01 977 1808 

LEYTONSTONE Voung Prof M/F N/5 ta 
share lut IS nuns City. 9 nans Ml t 
Own room LioSpcxn ♦ Dills. Td 0203 

CHELMSFORD O/R. prof m/C n/s reod to 
snare or wuh braur owner AP 
larddes £120 PON met Ol 380 3960 

BATTERSEA. 2 prof Fs warned ta share 
rm m In* IBM wuh 2 outers lor £35 e* 
pw r-vrt Dtsnwasner. wash marn A dry- 
er Ring o24 e090 *293 or 350 1426 
GHKWKX Prof M/F. N/S. 23-33. share 
I ML O/R- CM C195 nan md. 0753 
807123 esl 02 oO dby- 01-994 2798 ta- 
ler 7pm/u-h/endt. 

FLATMATES SrtecUv* Sharing Well 
mtab introdunon- venire Pis* rei for 
anw Ol 589 5491. 313 Brampton 
Road. SWS 

SW 1 B Ooie Ctao June Share comtart- 
aotcmdrnhpe Lor twm or ante rm. N/s. 
Gde CSOOp/niiiKieh-f hot wtr TeiOi 
839 5381 Hliyl or 870 6071 lescsl 
WANTED prof female Me 2Qv serira 
Mumt or s/r house-/ flat, mural London 
1 M 2 S 22 0 IM 1 esl 39 9-5 pm 

BELORAVtA library apartment, suit pro- 
lessnoal lemace. non smoker Mewrred. 
ClOOpw. Tel 235 4648 
BLACXHEATM BR clly IS mins 3rd Ctrl 
2S+ soar* c/h bouse n/s £140 ocm ex- 
cluwvp id Ol 858 7295 evenings 
CHISWICK: Luxunocs mate nr tub* & 
High Street Prof m/r. e/r £196 red 
All mod cock Free pfcg TeL994-9B82 
CLAPHAM prof girl Lo share luxury flat, 
own room, to «nare an iacihues £170 
prm. TrTOl 350 1090 u/pMHM 
CLAPHAM COMMON Prof 20 V m/l. n/r 
m lux flat with one other nr lube. 
C46DW.TH Ol 389 2500 
h*e. o/r cud proc m. CBOpw inc Tri. Ol 
435 0742 

SW7: Pretesaonal n/s 26 yn -e Fun use 
ot KP> Hal Own roocn. Heuite bath. CH 
£55 pw ewl TeHJl 2252506 


LONDON LETS Suut /1 bed from £120 
PM 2/3/4 worm Mate A names (ram 
£300 pw Phone 01 49i Tr &«6 FT) 
MARBLE ARCH Turn nunlra CM 2/3 
Inh. 2 iec. MB. CH Co let UTSpw 
1M.CW R83 40JT 

ore lotto/ man lets i/o beds oett prices 
Ol 936 9512 HI 

NR KARROOS Spec I dole bed OM. 
HUIW. p«no. fuM»- funv C2Q0PW Day 
Ol 091 8999/ Ol 852 0548 after 7P0I 
HR KARROOS Superb oeulv done apart 
wni. urge iwnmon. Mud* bedroom. 
KOB. p«Uo. C 2 WJ pw. 589 1759 
ONSLOW BARDENS. Lovely Hal 1 dm* 
nrctrooai uree rerro. ut & Drift. Cn let 
■ UWw 828 00*0 
TEDQDMtYOM. Pleasant l/c I tat overtook 
tag park I bed. I rreep. h A D.CH.orge 
L330 prm Ol 8^2 8577 

WANTED Un RehUI home Ban 
I ranrero/Bav area Mfd/tong term, tar 
nnforiMsniPorbuireiu Exc rets 0008 

* WEST END rial ahd Hopw-v UN fo For 
vur/trt ann Wooita ot 402 7381 

CHELSEA boM luxury hafraov rw. tar 
r«co. dWe ureronm. tat porter Long 
M Tri Ol o *2 5ts28 
CHELSEA. Attractive I dole bed on 
trrep U * cvdh porter Go trt £130 
pw 828 0040 

CHELSEA. Imnuruuie ante) 1 U floor pe 
nod Hal Atlrarlnr rrreo dill bed A 
riiwft Lei LIoS pw 01 332 6799 
DOCKLAND* IW- houwv lo tri 
ttaimhiDd Uvr ItoriJaiicK jira rn 
m teo o SoO 

FULHAM mm IP Hoar Hal r rent tail 

bed dicing m/heclm. kd A turn CH 

Vi tunr t.: JO pw- Tril o: 380 7594 
FULHAM IUI V*m must be Mer-C! dhlr 
burm CH W/nuih l_n|pL tl.SOpM 
Trt Ot 7 Ho 

FULHAM ‘amwn l due yg lint, mt* 

hop A I'IJre! Wen. Mnrfe pi roupjf 3 

mile, in Ll 10 dm Ot TAJ 7UI5 
HAMPSTEAD R«cei-i- w Part. Luxury 
HHpmect hegyes l 2 li»urw t* L L 
Ol 4 SO 7740 



25 mites: West End. 
HeaUtrow to minutes 
Superb period house with 
exceptionally generous 
accontmoaaiKHi * line leisurr 
complex, g igt racetmon ran. 
8 beds. 5 buns, md swimming 
pool games room, sauna, 
statue, complex, hard tenob 
Court, all set tn 6 acres. 
Suit diplomat or senior 
executive International company 

Details Margaret Smith 
04946 5432 

For the best 
rental »c lection ol 
In print* London arm 



270 Carts Court Road. SW 6 

01-244 7353 

HAMPSTEAD New tumtry bou*e avaat 
aMe now 2 bedrooms, garden, rar 
spare KvhI rouplr lor hoiasay let or bud 
negsmaaon 3 mooun to one year UCU 
Comunv irt prrterml CloO pw Tel: 
OL 485 744A iwMxlW ami or 722 
0972 iweefcemuu 

RICHMOND FUOy furnbhM 6 newly rar 
print 2 bmrooniMi llsl in sun private 

rmdmltil Mork M bark ol Richmond 
park Porter. CH/CHW. Memmi. bfl 
Comcmnu buoes A lube Car parking 
available Ail inclusive £160 pw Tel 01 
508 2992 

SWl Charming mews house. Dbi mw 
large tad. «mau tad. aiiwae oedraoms. 2 »- 
bMiM 1 to Mtae/nruzM. O/R. wvrty 
uiied kurnni. patKeoammy Co M. 
0/24 natal In. £475 pw Tri 01 671 
1464 or 01 246 0677 

KMtGHTSBStmcc jCSOOpw ■ normally 
£450 per weeMM) Superb Quality l 
Rerep. k&B fiat in llua luUy serviced 
presIlgMus Mon. OM TV 24 hour por 
tenate CH/CHW LongAhorl Iris 
Ayknford a. CO Ol 351 2983 

2mts Heathrow, fully lur 
nkshed. 3/4 bedroom house, 
taange/dlner, CM. dhse hum. £S7S 
prm. ro Irt ta- mrc pref. Tri Staugh 
10753) 75139 

DOLUS HILL Superb 3 bed 
eatenoed send. Lax lunumed. B epe rta o 
bam. shower and WC. Mod. wicnen. 
80ft waned «rdn. OCR. Garage 
£185pw l yr pun Irt TrttOl 452 bOl I 

F W OAFD iManaoemeni Servimi Ud re 
ware prooertwiv in Onirai. Sown and 
west London orenv for wailing appb 
r.vnK Tri 01 221 8838 

PUTNEY / Barnes Luxury SC newly une- 
rtorty decmird. lulty eautooed fiat 
available immnttatriy in predHdous 
new Mock 1/2 Bedrooms. From £120 
to El 50 pw Ol 878 7706 

SOUTH KensuMdon 2/3 bed tnaHonrile. 
bii tie rerep. lumtelted. long rompany 
let. lAOOpw TMOI 573 1134 or Ol 370 

1 Bedroom, i Rerep. Anenran Klicnen. 
1 Bath. Srrv*n>d (late. Avail now 
Connaught Prooerum. Ol 777 3060. 

AVAILABLE now Luxury Rate A houses 
£200 14.000 pw Tri. Buipraa 581 


BELSIZE Dark NWS Light. 41 trad lie. 
modem 2 bed batrony IUI wilh gch. 
£160 pw Tri- 340 9227 levri) 

SW7. Penihouj*. Roof 
lerrare o'tacaung Park. DM* recep. 4 
. beds. 3 balM CsiiRrmyOl 581 0012 

MATT AIR tux «i/C lum OM. 2 Beds. Ur 
Rerep.-sni/Lno tri. £225pw Dunord a 
Co 493 7830 

KENIHHTTON -Sunny garden IW in 
Vogue RMuaMor Lounge. 2 bedrooms 
£200 PW Tri 01 002 6941 

HAMPSTEAD NWS. Snertarular entrance 
floor IW in atari tree hned street. Huge 
reception room with high corniced OtJ 1 

tng. two targe double l 
bearoom. brand new kuroen Mia two 
bautroome. Fumtehen and aetaraied ta 
an exrmpiarv standard and avadabt* 
earty December ta corpora!* umaid al 
£560 a week Oorge Kregm The Let- 
ling Agent. 794 1125- 

fiat/ nous* up to £ 800 pw Usual fees 
rro Phil l ids kav A Lewis. South of in* 
Park Chrisea Oftire. 01 3S2 Bill or 
North ol the Park Regent's Park office. 
Ot 580 9882 

CAMDEN NWI Architect's attractive fur 
msrirfl *oi rwar shop* and lube: recently 
romrnrd. lull CH. aoutne bedroom, 
reception /diiwio room, kitchen, oaut 
mom. oaraen rourtyard. Cl 30 pw Tri- 
485 8596 x 210 or-387 7704 Mvas) 

CHELSEA KnKjwsorrdqe. Urigravta. Pun- 
hco. Wevi minster Luxury houses and 
flats avadaol* ror tang or snort left. 
Please nno tor rurrmi usL. Cowes. ®o 
Bunungnam Patae* Rd. SWl 01-828 

HAMPSTEAD super flat (tern) in Mimic 
country setting. o/Ioomm Hearn a goU 
course 30 ft L-sftapM studio. oaKony. 
KjL. btarm/wc CH. phone Avail now 
lor 1 it £95 pw Owner 01 586 0559 
or 883 2321 

RICHARtP* Place 5W3 Charmtng ground 
llnoi Hat in qukH rut du sac Lara* 
wiling rm. itauMe bedroom. Utrnen. 
ruinrpnm and pghm Avad now Long 
lev 1335 nw Maskeite &B1 2216 

Swj Sunny din. fir flat w«h 
wvriy views, newly la fervor designed 
ItirougnmiL recep/ diner, tad* bed. kiL 
bath, balcony, porter. £ 2 SO pw Inc 
CH/CHW Cbotrs 828 8251 

M I ERUIkW 6 ronstantty ehanotag-s*- 
lection of . fumKhed ftate 3 houses. 
CISOdw C 6 Jsoopw Bennom & Reeves. 
Kemingtan 6 surrounding amis. Ol 
938 3522 

W 2 . Fully lumhnrdT bed flaL retro, k 6 
b. CH private parking, cts aft an te ci ucs 
6 transport Co M. Avau burn for 6 
moths £500 pm Tri: 01 -262 4666 or 

■08721 802511 

ALBERT BRIDGE Road. Battersea. Tiny 
srH-containeo studio Oat Bed sd. bam 
room. iMttKiwy Company let £e >0 
per week Tri 0258 55001 

IIAaaPTDN I Ite J bed IWH- ConvemenT 
IM I OiUirai A Hrulhraw Still Df of per 
-aaevi COS um hut Ol 373 0805 

KENSINGTON WA Brand new 1st Floor 
I us ten tdbl bed Ige rer k 11 / diner 1 
nun tagh si Ll 76pw tnrl 938 2LS96 

I Su«4e loom In rtvlhcrd 25 
nne> LI50prtn Tel Ol 373 
4373 OflOpm 8 30phl Only 

KMCffTSBRineiE. Lent mm gonten 

tint 2 heormv. Irge nervp K«B newly 
Un CHS CHW mr U96 pw Tri Ol 
581 0985 or 10935881 641 

*37 MSI The number lo remember 
wIM-ti seeking best rental p roperties In 
central and prime Lonooo areas 
1 1 50/ COOOpvv 

W»L Georgia it house, garden. CH Sun 
ronpte 1 momil ir om ta le On LISOpw 
4 sen hr-. Trl.Ol 379 7900 ex 249 or 
Ot 4UE-«2bt 

gun iinrn p» Ring loWn Hm- AptS 
373 3433 

Cei l \ 24 nr Sw rreev CoHmgnaia 
APiirimritlv Ol 373 o30o 


SECRETARIES for Arrhilrrb A Dritan 
nv Permanent 3 lemporarj wwtam 
4 MS A Spei-uiiM RFC COftS 01 734 


ACCOUNTS pnvnuMi wilh lai-.vtei lartl 
.mil inleu-'t HuludiiHi vwitncTmiions 
Ivi-IM :KT V level vLnuuid with V 
| .11-1 VMIk Mta I IW Min « 1 It tike 

lid li .uiif ita/siippm t letins in Mn 
I II iiHihm 107 1 1 1 I lert slrnrt London 


CHALET STAFF wattled Mu*J be expert 
mini - rooks wim Itennv an 
Whining* 1'riOI SH7 1513 

Cook wanted for food 

•4 rap w Briar iv la 01 730 83o7 

AU PART OMonhian- HdrerriUd mm 
iHwsin.i« wun growing lamdv rnwim 
an \u Pau ta allend 10 ttamesur duam. 
rinv lime md due evenings .Grid sala 
>v In evgepilMul uppiiranl Tel 08678 

oiipra m/hetav. him. all hve-m stall 
IK i Overseas Au Pair Agents LM 87 
Regent St London W 1 01 *39 653* 

CHALET glU REOD. for' Wlnler 
-HO/M7 Home ranking exp bM Bonne 

New* 01 244 7333 


HOUSE PROUD Voung mm i33i xerks 
onuiKMi rar general noreenold duim In 
Ihe I'AM Hri bo> area, line hu driving 
loeme WMMng ta learn Spanish Tri 
10622) 732388 


HTBMTMIt Nr Heath Luxury flat with 
garden i uottaie i ruxpe oed. large 
Munw dhung area, rountry Mlriien. 
Mmunum Irt 1 year C2SO pw Tri Ol 
794 2789 


LOCH RANNOCIL Pine marten Mlm 6i 
week 27 LK4 pore, no VAT naa rveen 
kmiin Aworiainv Ol 937 9801 nr 0727 



SopkI adnee aid Qaattm on raduced bag 
tart naval odsb 

(037371 0558 

SffOAL 1ST. & Cue WORLDWIDE 109727) 


ABTA 72102 IATA Mpitta al tile mSHubon of 
Travel 8 T He am 


AMMAN £260 KAftACH 070 

BOMBar £325 L*GOS COD 


DELHI £345 ROME £105 

ra» FUPT £65 SEOUL MB 

H0N8K0N0 re95 SVO/UEL .£765 


Tet 01-439 35? If TOO? 


ABftnCKCTSap*riaiWteN*w York £229 
L A £329 Toroaw C219. Nairabl £329. 
Sydney £759 Auckland £769 Dartrtr 
130 Jrrntyn Street. 01 839 7144 

COSTOU1 1 UU ON ninMa/hote lo Eu- 
rope. lsa 6 moot drimawni 
Diptampi Travel. Ol 730 2201 ABTA 

CHEAP FUCHTS Europe Worldwide 
cut Ldqe r ravel: ABTA 01 839 5033. 
Ring lor quotes irt A duo dam. 

1ST 3 Club CLASS FLIGHTS. Huge Ote 
rnunlv Sunwnnd Travel. (03727) 
20097/27 109/27838 

GtCAP FLKIHTS Worldwide Hayraarkrt 
01 930 l3oo. 

DttCOUNTO) 8 (ROW FttfeCS Worth 

WHta. Tri L T.C. 107631 857035. 

DISCOUNT FARES WOrtdwM*: 01-434 
0734 Jupner Travel 

LATIN AMERICA. Low cost _TMhte eg. 
Rra L4HS Lima £495 rtn. Aoo Small 
Group Homuy Journrjrt.ieg-Peru irom 
C350. JLA 01 7473108 

LOW FARES TO America. Australia A 
hew^catand Tel: Ol -9302S5O. Heren» 
Travel 36 Whitehall Lonaon. SWl 

Amerx-a. MM and Far Ltd. S Alma. 
Tram ate. 48 Maraaret Street, wi ol 
580 2926 (Vtea Areepredl 
MIA IM, JA M AICA, N.TORK. Wondwide 
devunanom FDr Ihe cheap**! farm, try 
us. 19 RKivmond Trav eL I Duke Streri 
Richmond Surrey ABTA 01 940 4073. 
NWPOHAIR Seal vale ta USA-CBrtbOean- 
Far EaM-AiteiraHa. CHI the 
praieguanalt ABTA IATA CC excepted. 
Trt 01 234 5788 

TUNISIA f MO R OCCO Book Uirowoh Ihe 
North ttinra SpeoMnt. Samara FtVng 
Nervirri Tel Ol 2o2 2734 

WINTER SUN Soertata price* to Cyprus. 
Malta. Morocco. Creece. Malaga A Te- 
nor Me On A Nov Pan World Hobdays 
Ol 734 2602 

ALGARVE LUXURY Villas wttlt pools. 
On tnru winter- Otxf ana tennis otayers 
weRome Ol 409 2838 ViUaWond 
ALICANTE, Faro. Malaga rtr Dttnond 
Travel ATOL 1783. 01-581 4041. 
Horuiam 68641 

EUROPE /WORLD WIDE lowest fans on 
ehanei /grlteduled fks. Pttal Fbgnl Ol 
031 0167 Agt A lot 1893. 

•HEAT SkUM hofldpyB. 6 December A 
Ctvrolmab BvtaUPUHy Ring John MOT 
oao now (07301 08021 I24hrei. 
HOLLAND. Daily Ihghte. C35 O/W £55 
Bin New York £129 O/W £255 Rtn. 
Miracle J« 01 379 3322 
Singapore C457 Other Ft aues. 01-584 
6514 ABTA 

SPAM Portugal Canaries Green naty ir 
Co“ Sunwtteri. 01434 4597/8. 

ATOL 1776 



Worldwide low coat fttoltts 
The beat and we can prove a 
195.000 cltnits since 1970 










• - £748 



£ 3BS 





CM 8 



S231 • 




' £418 





CM 6 

- £426 


C 2 U 





rvrw vork 

c gg 



ci no 










t 94 


Crtnope/LSA rtMbte 01-937 6400 
Long Haul Flxata ot 603 isifi 

and 01 957 quit 
IM/BVU1ri« OMk-Dl 936 3444 
Governme n t Laremed/Bondrd 


Last mtnuto bantalm Algarve. 
Tenerife. Nov c-raber/W inter un 

Winter nutate many dt-umalwm. 
kmas.nighiB. xenas world wide - 

nolMUUri esoth Jordan. Sri Lanka. 


Summer -87 advance bookings, 
special offers at *80 prices 

Only tllrrrt Irom 

Ventura Holidays 

Tri London 0! 251 5456 
Tri •MveftwM 0742 331 100 
Tri Manchester Ool 834 5033 


Return Return 

•MHurq/Har DouaU £*30 

Nairobi £390 Sydney £700 

Cairo £230 Aurtcund £785 

Lagov £360 Hong hong £650 

Del/Bombay £360 Miami £330 

Bangkok £360 And Many More 
102/168 Regent St. Wl 
TEL Ol 437 U255/6/7/B 
Late a Croup Booking* wdranc 


Parte £69 N YORK £27S 

Frankfurt £oO LA/SF £3SS 

Loads £320 Miami £320 

Nairobi £325 Singapore £«2o 

Joburg £4uO Bangkok £335 

Cairo £206 tvdtmuMhi 14«a 

Dri/Bom 1335 Rangoon 1350 

Hoag knng LStO Cakrulla £A9& 

Huge Dbmmte Avail on IN 3 CJub Oasv 


21 Swallow SL London Wl 
01 439 2100/457 0557 


Nairou. Jo’Burii.'CWro. Oubnt. 
teuuibul. Slnoapore. K.L Oriftl. 
Bangkok. Hood Kong. Sydney. 
Europe. 3 The Ainmrat. 

Flamingo Travel, 

7o Shaftesbury Averuae 
London W IV 7 DC 

01-439 0102/01-439 7751 
Open Saturday 10.00-13.00 

MALAGA. CANARIES. Ol 441 till 
Travel wise And. A lot. 

MOROC CO BOUND. Begem si. Wl 01 
734 5307 ABTA/ AIM 

*. AFRICA From £465. Ol 584 7371 

SOUTH AFRICA for Ctatelmm Spertai 
rate* Mamr Travel 01 485 9237 IAI A 

SPAM. Portugal Cheapest Cares. Btgglta. 
01 735 8191 ATOL 

1ST. Cum * economy Class Spertai 
fare* HTT Tri. 01 930 lioo 

TRAVEL CENTRE Worldwide Uintaa 
MeruMcino in 1 st. Oub Oars, econcmy 
to AvMraua. South Atnca. LSA. Lkomi. 
Faro. Geneva A»0 arrqmooalran Swm 
Alps. LteOOn Coast*. Ataerve AdUAoef- 
vale \Ulas. 01 086 7025 ABTA 73190 

ONE CALL for some of the best Herts in 
flights, apartments. hoMsaml car hire 
Tel London 01 o56 6000. Manctvwba; 
061 832 2000 Au- Travel Adwmy 

V AL E XANDER Luropran Sun FBgnta. 
01-402 42o2/0052 

vaiexandrr OompeUttv-e wortdwkie 
fares. 01 723 2277 Abu AIM lata 

WEEKEND or Weeks. Honeymoons or 
2nd Honeymoons Otecover the Magic 
of naty'* romantic ones In Autumn or 
Winter Call Ol 749 7449 for row 
FREE rakxir brochure Magic of Italy 
Drgt T. 47 Shepherds Bush Creen. Lot*- 
don. wi2 BPS . 

TAKE TRUE OFF ta Parte. Amsterdam. 
Brussels. Bruges. Geneva. Bern*. Lay 
sarnie. Zurich. The Hague. Dublin. 
Rouen. Boulogne A Dieppe Time Ofr 
2a. Chester Ctose. London SWtx. 7BQ 
01 235 8070 

CANARIES Lanxarwe Puerto dri 
Carmen HMh standard opts w«n poo) 
Bvadaole from.l3/ll SprevM Offer Te- 
nenle 7/ll l»t. S/C £199 i0923> 
77834* Tints way HOUday*. ABTA 
ATOL 1107 

The finest houses tor rental 73 St 
James SL SWl 01 491 0802 

£635 Penh £505 All motor 
10' Am/NZ 01684 7371 




ALL UK CtTICt Lowest fares on reator 
scheonied owners 01 684 7371 ABTA 



MwasnMUUbHUteBwDICbMb bom 
L *lv n >> none s uainn stenqarei .U him 
81 te r*«t. leWBl Ml rrifMlliM <1 Ms me 
ugm ung 5 dsenrio ime « m Rcruu sow 
o me qbcm) S uiw «tN' M-Ktum 
■NtaUOb puss darts RX t UAL HOUDAY 
FmaioracMtkiMbRbBoaMe rioboni tx 

• LE SKI - 

0484 S48996 - 

SKI WEST . NEWl -hpenal cm» on 
urmu» RING FOR A DEAL 1 Also Other 
apurmqty low pore* startmn al CS9. 
ash tor a rnpv of oorburpoer brornure ' 
■Ol l 785 9449 Abla o«S6' Alol 1383 

FREE, - TO EX. rtlCE Free Lift Panes, 
f rer invurtuire. r ror rnncrrm htitMavs 
■under loi oh man v dates Hotetea apa 
from Caihirk a Manrheure from £1 19 
Ski Freedom 01 741 0080 4. Ool 236 
0019 Arm. 432 

MU BEACH VILLAS. Switzerland. 
Franre Annona a tnrflananDwomues 
at ixibealaMe pnres & generous group' 
dnraonb Ring in oo <02231 311113 
ABT^L J415X ATOL 3818 

Menbril*. Liltars. Mrueve Corn inn ser 
sire great, skiing Phone 01 002 97 do 

SKI TOTAL. Superh rhaleh. ante, holete 
in TOP rrenm/AiMnan Rmons tr lot 
■09321 231113 

SKI WORLD TOP Ski Resorts. Lowest 
Pnres nren C59 ABTA Brnrhurn Ol 
o02 4820 

IWki i lvalet Lnnuu/ RisinnM 
shut Superb iKfoiH -SNA ideal Autumn 
Inna. lei iOP 4 ?i aWIM Hk»l/ 

MU BONNE KOGE fthiMmie. Nurruk 
ill f lniKdrvrl UHlv PH 1 1 ill .1 [luM a. 
go I Rl 1 > Hum 01 244 7333 



Chpriiv Ti«' cn,irtertinuse ; 

J Romsrtniu Croup CtunioOl* Trust * 

The Crvanli ConimissMners prooose ■<> 
nuke a Srheme lor inn Ounli' Cowes ol 
ilie draft Srnem* nut lie ubf at hert tram ~ 

them trri 2108<U l LS 41 bl Allun's ' ■ 
House 57 oO Htu nuiwl Lonaon SVsl V l 

4Q\ Ohtet Hulls mid Mjqgesltair. raav be “ 
sent lo mem wilmn one montn from --T 
lodat ^ 


H tetK'J NO 007183 Of 1 9 BO 
lti/vmo.Rs Division 
in TMt MAmjt or 


NO TIC I ISHI.Rt BY CIV US (hot .s Pell 
Mon mi llte ts| OrhXiei 19(16 in* 
.senled Hi Hev UunltY Hioh Court of 
Jusliee lot the tonliimalion ol Ihe ■ emir 
iwn ot me IWMI ot mn above ruwrest 
CMihmIiv libm L7 000.000 IO CO4H.000 
llte siul ppiiihhi Is dtrerled 16 he Imnl 
hrinre the Honnuruftte Ml Juslire 
Mmvu Jhivies .it Ihe R6l-al Courts of 
Iiishcv Straiul. Lontton W12JV 2LI. on . 

ktondta- Ihe 3ni il.iv of November tufto 

Am ttierliloi .or Sharr-hoklrr 01 the said 
Coin| HrsItiiMi ta ootiove IIW- m.d.ln9 ol 
un mtief lor Ihe ronurtn.vHon- of Ihe sjui 
inluriHHi M raptail siioukl appear Hi live . 
Imie nf hearing in person or by Counsel' 
lo* purpose 

A «npv ri Ihe said Prill tan Will be fur 

nnlinl ta .my *urti perstui regilxlng Ihe 
same Uv Ihe uink-noeuikinrtl SoiiriMrs on 
pav-menl M Hie leguloleil rturae lor the 

Ltuied idk lOih dm- of Ortober J <H)b 

MKIlllelon Polls A CD 
Daitatm- Mouse 
Treiienrks Plate 
Old lewrv 
. Lmdon CtSR «OB. 
Sul in tors In* the above named Company 

in rm MATn.Tt or 
' -AND 

■ (XfMPANILS- ACT 1085 . . 

stedUois Of Ihe above turned' Companv 
wlw h h being volimtarilv waund up. ace 
reguirea toi or before me 2o«h dov of No 
veiufm lotto, lo send m thnr tatt 
(bnisiun and siniwmes. uirir otiorrues 
and lies* npitalis. lull paiterulats of I hell 
drips m rial ms. and Ihe names and M 
messes of Ihew Sogrifors uf anvi. lo llte 
uiHterslbned KLfl H DAVID GOODMAN. 
M'-A Of 30 lAbtBULIINC rLRMACX- • 
IONDONwaol.1 the LhUMMor of Ihe 
soul Company airi.'lf so reoutred bv no 
Ire nv Mijling from Uta vud Lluiudatar. 
are nersmuuv or by liven SahrHars. lo 
rnmr m nntl pun r I heir denis or run ms at 
M*rti limp and jPare ns shall bespmiied in 
sum noure n in Petal ill thereof Uiev win 
be exriiKleil trout Uve henefn ol any dtsfrt 
but ion mode lariore surh drMs ore proved 
Dated Ifns IStlt ttav of Ortober 1 



Jl STICL NO 0O5C7I of 198b 
AND . ■ - 

■ter of Ihe Huih Court of Juslire iChanrerv 
Ihvisioni UalM the 13th Ortober l»86 
miilirnuno tar reduction ol the rnptlal ol 
U*e alinvp iimned Com p.1 1 ly irom 

£10.000.000 IO £471.449 SO and Ihe 
slnuile apurosed pv the Court snowing 
with res perl ta the of the Company 
as uUeretl the several port tn liars required 
bv Ihe abosp meuuoned Art. were roots . 
in rn by me Rratsa.n of companies on me 
IMn Del oner 1986 
Ualrd mis 71M dav (M cjctauer 19B6 

. F rrshfa-Kts of 

CnndMI House 
25 luewtule tareet 
London CClA 7LH 
sadu does foi llte above named Company 










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ft c 

: i 

as party 

By Richard Evans 
Political Correspondent 

- The Labour Party yesterday 
called a by-election in 
Knows ley North for Novem- 
ber 13 as the local constit- 
uency party went to the High 
Court m a bid to be allowed to 
pick its own candidate to fight 
the seal. 

■ The am test, caused by the 
resignation of Mr Robert 
Kilroy-Siik, is likely to de- 
velop into a two-way fight 
between Labour, which had a 
majority of more than 17,000 
at the last general election, and 
the Liberal/SDP Alliance. 

Labour's chances will not 
.have been helped by the 
controversy surrounding 
Wednesday's decision by the 
party's national executive 
committee to block the selec- 
tion of Mr Leslie Huckfield, 
the left-wing Militant-backed 
Euro-MP for Merseyside East 
as candidate. Instead Mr 
George Howarth, aged 37, a 
former deputy leader of 
TCnowsley council was im- 
posed as parliamentary can- 
didate. causing the local 
constituency Labour Party to 
threaten the withdrawal of its 
support during the impending 

Yesterday Mr Huckfield, 
backed by officers of the 
Knowsley North party, sought 
a High Court injunction to 
prevent the NEC vetoing his 
selection. He denied promis- 
ing not to stand for a West- 
minster by-election while 
serving as a Euro-MP, the 
grounds used by the NEC to 
block his candidature. 

■ As the legal wrangling 
continued MPs in the House 
of Commons became em- 
broiled in a noisy and lengthy 
debate over whether the writ 
for the by-election should be 
moved while the High Court 
hearing was taking place. 

Mr David Steel the Liberal 
leader, called on Mr Neil 
Kinnock to delay moving the 
writ until the court decision 
was known. He said it was 
.unfair to both the Conser- 
vative and Alliance can- 
didates to begin their 
campaigns without knowing 
who they were fighting 

But after 90 minutesof argu- 
ment MPs eventually agreed, 
without a division, that the 
by-election should go ahead. 

The Liberals have selected 
Ms Rosemary Cooper, a well- 
established local councillor as 
candidate, while the Conser- 
vatives have chosen Mr Roger 

Parliament, page 4 


Today’s events 

Royal engagements 
The Prince of Wales, Royal 
Patron, the Abbeyfiekl Society, 
opens the society's house. 
Tetbury. Glos. 4.10. 

Princess Anne opens the new 
infant department block and 
administrative offices. Yew 
Tree Primary School Aston, 
Birmingham, 2: and later opens 
Berners Street Hostel for the 
Mentally Handicapped, Bir- 
mingham, 3.25. 

The Duchess of Kent opens 
the Cancer and Leukaemia in 
Childhood Trust House. Bristol 

Tarzan in 
good cause 

By Robin Young 

Angus Norrish, aged 19, a 
Dorset Venture Scout, yes- 
terday completed five days at 
home in the treetops in an 
attempt to raise the £2,000 he 
needs to take part in an 
Operation Raleigh expedition 
to Australia. 

“Once I get settled in and 
learnt bow to keep out the 
wind and the rain it was 
bearably comfortable” he re- 
ported. He had a methylated 
spirit stove for heating, sauce- 
pans for cooking, and a sus- 
pended chemical toilet 
discreetly screened with plas- 
tic sheets. 

His girl-friend, Catherine 
Gillett, climbed op to visit him 
occasionally. “If I can raise 
the money by early next year I 
will fly to Australia in March 
and spend three months trek- 
king across the desert on 
animal population surveys and 
conservation projects”, Angus 
said last night. 

Children's Hospital. ! 1.40; and 
the new Boys’ Club in St Raufs 
District, 2.05; later, as patron, 
she visits Si Peter’s Hospice, 
Bristol.' 3. 10. 

New exhibitions 
Work by members of the 
South Wales An Society; Turner- 
House. Plymouth Rd Penaith; 
Tues to Sat 1 1 to 12.45 and 2 to 
5. Sun 2 to 5 (ends Dec 7). 

Folk art of Indonesia; Read 
Moiteno Gallery. The Buildings, 
Sfockbridge, Hampshire; Tues 
to Sun 10.30 to 6 (ends Nov 16). 
Last chance to see 
Oil paintings and water- 
colours by Olive Walker and 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,185 


I Incomplete fondness? (10). 

6 Serve food ip interval (4). 

9 He learnt ambition from so- 

- called Tortoise (4,6). 

10 A shock reverse for ruler (4). 

12 Just average (4). 

13 Pleasant features for chaps 

. in first-class matches (9). 

15 Opposite to green, mishit 
golf shot gets birdie (8). 

16 Take edible mushroom in 

' turn (6). 

18 Parting words from wise 
man ere midnight (2,4). 

20 Thinly cover a heavenly 
body to get one? (4.4). 

23 Current sources for violent 
offences (9). 

24 Losing Gaza at the start. 
Egypt changed character (4). 

26 Fabricated musical setting 
for verse (4). 

27 A sort of Italian biscuit (10). 

28 One of a group of islands or 
scattered keys (4). 

29 Sounds like commendation 
for all the crew (10). 

4 Cross area of Eastern France 

‘ (8k 

5 Informant who makes votes 
count (6). 

7 One barely recognizable as 
human being? (7). 

8 Short trains I moved onto 
railway (10). 

il Chance incident for 1 dn's 
musical associate ( 12). 

14 Birds cut with beaks (10). 

17 Take off below the wind 
here? (8). i 

19 Flower-girl carries article in 
flexible way (7). 

21 Beef for champions (7). 

22 Race for Merchant of Ven- 
ice in trial too (6). 

25 Defeat one's optimal effort 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,184 


1 Vain display from French 
president? Not half! (4). 

2 This king contracted a 
detective in America (7). 

3 It could be rent I switched 

Concise Crossword page 14 

RUC prepares scapegoats 

Continued from page 1 

to the Stalker inquiry being 

An RUC officer, freed by 
superiors of restrictions under 
the Official Secrets Act, again 
pointed to a superintendent 
and a chief inspector being 
responsible for making up a 
story to cover up what hap- 
pened when special unit mem- 
bers killed two republican 
terrorist suspects in their car. 

The special unit, always 
uniformed, was equipped for 
combat. Apart from standard- 
issue RUC weapons, it 
additionally carried Isradi- 
made Uan, sub-machine pis- 
tols; Remington pump-action 
shotguns and Browning semi- 
automatic shotguns; the Ruger 
mini-light automatic rifle; and 
14-shot, .54 Smith and 
Wesson magnums, carried as 
personal sidearms. 

Operating in unmarked cars 
with a separate, high-powered 
communications network, 
members of the unit liaised 
closely with E4A, the Special 
Branch's plainclothes intelli- 
gence squad, and were selected 
because of their marksman- 

ship and unswerving 

During a recent trial, Mr 
Michael McAtamney, deputy 
chief constable of the RUC. 
said that the HMSU, to which 
the officers involved in the 
killings belonged, was a spe- 
cial unit- rivaling mainly with 
anti-terrorist duties. 

Officers selected for the unit 
underwent a two-week assess- 
ment of their fitness, mental 
ability, and endurance under 
pressure, and a further four- 
week course including seven 
days devoted exclusively to 
weapons training. 

The training included firing 
at targets when sealed and 
moving and also involved 
firing live ammunition under 
stress and in conditions they 
were likely to encounter os the 
streets of Northern Ireland. - 

Hie key words in the train- 
ing were “fire power, speed, 
-and aggression,” and Mr 
McAtamney admitted the 
objective of the training was to 
“eliminate the threat” posed 
to officers. 

Much of the training oc- 
curred at an isolated army 
base at Ballylanler, CoDown. 

in an area known as “Pira 
Gty” or more formally as the 
“close quarter battle 

Here on a Hollywood-style 
set designed to resemble a 
mode town, officers patrolled 
under conditions that could be 
experienced on real streets. 
Previous terrorist incidents 
were re-enacted. 

The streets were booby- 
trapped, there were 
th underflashes, and metal cut- 
out figures appeared at win- 
dows with the aim of testing 
the response of recruits who 
had to judge whether to fire or 
not and to identify a gunman 
fr6m innocent bystanders in a 
matter of seconds. 

Initial selection for HMSU 
was tough- in one instance 
only four out of 30 volunteers 
were chosen for the six-week 

The units have their own 
exclusive radio network, and 
their member s use a variety of 
weapons including av Reming- 
ton pump-action shotgun. 
Smith & Wesson modd 59, 
and Ruger semi-automatic 

spirit at 

Continued from page 1 
sandwiches served by US 
construction workers. 

Plans were also being hast- 
ily drawn up for US Marines 
to stand-in for absent Soviet 
waitresses at an evening recep- 
tion for the visiting Man- 
hattan String Quartet 
Inside many office rooms 
there was an eery silence with 
typewriters and telephones 

Among the American staff 

— who were addressed at a 
special meeting by Mr Arthur 
Hartman, the US Ambassador 

— a curiously wartime spirit 
prevailed. This was exem- 
plified by a repon circulating 
in the corridors that the 
ambassador, one of the most 
respected members of the US 
foreign service, had cleaned 
his own office during the 

Diplomats were concerned 
that tfieir plight was unlikely 
to win much sympathy at 

Frank Johnson in the Commons 


Richard Slater; Dower House 
Gallery, 108 High St, Berfc- 
hamsted. Herts. 10 to 5. 


Concert by the Scottish Na- 
tional Orchestra; Usher Hall 
Edinburgh. 7 JO. 

Concert by the HaDi Or- 
chestra: City Hall Sheffield, 

Organ recital by Anthony 
Pine!; Birmingham Cathedral 
Col more Row, 1.10. 

Concert by the Westminster 
Piano Trio; North Brorosgrovc 
High School Bromsgrove, /-30- 

Choral concert by the Barn- 
staple Ladies Choir Aiimgtou 
Court, near Barnstaple, N 
Devon, 730. 

Organ redial by Kimberly 
Marshall; Carlisle Cathedral, 

Concert by the Buckingham 
Piano Quartet: Radcliffe Centre, 
Church Su Buckingham Univer- 
sity. S. 

Concert by the Bournemouth 
Symphony Orc h e stra with Cho- 
Uang Lin (violin); Guildhall, 
Southampton. 8. 

Concert by the English Con- 
cert; Sheldonian Theatre, Ox- 
ford. S. 

Lunchtime Proms: Piano re- 
cital by Yonty Solomon and 
Kevin Clifford; Nottingham 
Playhouse, 1.05. 

Talks, lectures 

Composers Talking; Wilfred 
Josephs; Bel voir Room, Charles 
Wilson Building, L eicester Uni- 
versity. 7. 

The Bough and the Gate, by 
Prof. David West (Jackson 
Knight Memorial lecture); 
Queen's Building, Exeter Uni- 
versity. 5.15. 


National Honey Show, Por- 
chesttr HaH. Queensway, Leo. 
don. W2. today and tomorrow 
10 to 7 JO. 

Arts Opportunity Week: The 
Netheibow Arts Centre. 43 High 
Street Edinburgh; 10 JO to 4J0 
(ends today). 

The pound 


Austria Sch 
B riorum Ft 
C anada* 
Denmark Kr 
Roland MUc 
France ft 
Germany Dm 
Graeco Dr 
Hong Kong $ 
Italy Lira 
Japan Yon 
Netherlands GM 
Norway Kr 
Portugal Esc 
South Africa Rd 
Spain Pla 
Sweden Kr 
S wltts dandft 

Y ug o sla v ia Dnr 












































tank notes 
Bank PLC. 

Raias for smaa danorwnatton 
only as supplied by Barclays 

Retai Price Index: 387.8 

London: The FTIndex dosed down 12S 
at 12495. 

Parliament today 

Commons (9.30): Public Trus- 
tee and Administration of 
Funds Bill, remaining stages. 

Food prices 

This year's apple crop is 
expected to be about four per 
cent up on last year according to 
the Apple and Pear Develop- 
ment CounaL Coxes 30-45p a 
lb. Russets 35-49p and Spartan 
30-35p. Quality seems more 
variable than usual so care is 
needed when choosing. Con- 
ference pears at 25-46p and 
Cornice 50^60p a lb, can also be 
disappointing. Oranges 8-28p 
and lemons &-!8p are sound 
buys and a new dents fruit 
called Sweetie, a cross b e tw een a 
grapefruit and a pomelo, will 
shortly make itsappemanee. 

Homegrown vegetables re- 
main a good buy, especially 
cauliflower 20-40p, Brussels 
sprouts 1 5-25p a lb, broccoli 40- 
oOp a lb and green cabbage 12- 
20p a lb. Good root varieties 
include carrots 12-20p. parsnips 
20-30p and swedes l4-20p. Best 
potatoes are English whites at 
10-12p a lb. 

Kippers are very good quality 
particularly the Loch Fyne 
which is sold on the bone at 
about £1.10 a lb. Kippers should 
be plump and slightly oily 
without a bint of dryness. Fresh 
fish supplies are generally good 
with haddock, whiting, coley. 
Dover and lemon soles all 
fractionally cheaper. Dressed 
crab should be plentiful and 
good value this weekend. 

Many cuts of beef and lamb 
are down this week but pork leg 
chops and shoulder are up 
slightly. . Best buys this week 
include: Fine Fare: beef topside, . 
silversi de and top rump £1 .99 a 
lb; Tesco: home produced lamb 
chops £1.39 a lb and beef mince 
88p a lb; Asda: com fed fresh 
chicken 73p a lb and fresh 
chicken thighs and drumsticks 
99p a lb: Dewhvst 41b packs of 
ground beef and braising steak 
at £5.60 a pack and boneless 
pork shoulder joints at £1.25 a 

Top Films 

The top box-office films in 

1(3) Mona Lisa 
2(1) Top Gun 

A Nightmare on Elm Street 
lass. The Great Mouse De- 



4(5) B 

5(2) About Last Night 
6(6) A Room With a View 

7 ( -) Cinderella 

8 ( -) Shanghai Surprise 

9 ( 7} Hannah and her Sisters. 
10(4) Aliens 

The top ffens in the provin ce s: 

1 Mona Lisa 

2 Aliens 

3 Top Gun 

4 Poltergeist n - Pie Other Side 

5 Highlander 

StmAcd ov Screen nnaM 

Top video rentals 

Death Wish 3' 

Pnzzi's Honour 
No Reseat. No Surrender 

The Protector 
Return of the Living Dead 
The Supergrass 
. . Black Moon Rising 
10 ( 8) The Goonies 
Supplied by mki suvw 


The Midlands: MJ: Contra- 
flow b e tween junctions 22 and 
23 (Asbby/Lougb borough); 
southbound entry slip road 
dosed at junction 23. M5: 
Various lane closures between 
junctions 4 and 8 (Birming- 

Wales and West M4: East- 
bound carriageway closed 
northbound between junctions 
16 and 17 (Swindon / Chipp- 
enham): contraflow westbound. 
M& Only one lane northbound 
between junctions II and 12 
(Cbdiennam/Gloucester). A4& 
Lane restrictions arid a con- 
traflow on Western Ave, Car- 
diff, between lJandagg and 

The North: M& Contraflow 
between junctions 32 and 33 
(Preston/Lancaster Sk delays. 
M62: Contraflow between junc- 
tions 19 and 21 (Heywood / 
Mi Inrow;, Greater Manchester. 
A19: Contraflow on approach to 
Tees viaduct. Cleveland. 

Scotland: M88: Contraflow 
between Junctions 29 and 30 
(Paisley/Erskide Bridge), Strath- 
clyde. M90: Contraflow and 
lane closures b e t wee n junctions 
3 and 8 (Dimferraline/A9l): 
delays. A9: Inside lane closed on 
both carriageways on the Perth 
Western bypass; construction of 
interchange with A85. 

Information supplied by AA 


Births-Sir Moses MontefSore, 
philanthropist, Leghorn, 1784; 
Eojgeae Fromentm, painter and 
writer. La Rochelle, 1820: Dame 
Sybil T hor n d ike. Gainsbor- 
ough. Lines, I88Z 

Deaths: Tycho Brahe, astron- 
omer. Prague. 1601; Alessandro 
Scarlatti Naples. 1725: Vrdkna 
Quisling, war criminal and trai- 
tor, executed, Oslo. 1 945; Susan 
Lawrence. Labour politician, 
London, 1947; Franz Lehar, 
Bad Tschl Austria, 1948; 
GJE. Moore, philosopher, Cam- 
bridge. 1958. 

United Nations Day. The 
USA began a blockade of Cuba. 


Atlantic frontal troughs 
will swing northeastwards 
over the U.K. 

6 am to midnight 

London, SE, central S, E, NW, 
central N, NE England. East Angfe 
USdtends, Channel Isl a nds, Lake 
Dnttict Manly dry and bright at 
first, rain spreading from SW i 
afternoon; wind i 
moderate incrw 
max temp l2Ci 

SW England, Wales, isle of Man, 
Northern Ireland: Cloudy, ram, 
occa s ion a lly heavy . soon spreading 
from the Vt, wind S to 9E, fresh or 
strong; max tamp 12C (54F1. 

Borders, SW, NW Scotland, 
Gtemow, Central Highland!, Ar- 
gtfk MaWy dry and bright at first 
rain spreading from the SW during 
the afternoon; winds to SE, light or 
moderate, increasing strong at 
times; max temp 11C (52F). 

Edin b urgh . Dundee, Aberdeen. 
Moray Firth, HE Scbfland: Sunny 
intervals, mainly dry; wind SW, 
becoming SE, fight increasing mod- 
erate; max temp IOC (50F). 

Orkney, Shet lan d: Sunny errtsr- 
vats and showers; wind SW, becom- 
ineyBEjintit or moderate; max temp 

Outlook for tomoi r ow and Sun- 
day: Continuing unsettled, windy at 

Sunrise* Sunsets: 
7.39 am 550 pm 

□ MooasstK Moon rises: 

2.46pm 9.35 pm 

Last quarter tomorrow 

Lighting-op time 

London 520 pm to 7.11 am 
Bristol 629 pm to 7.21 am 
Edmburgh 621 pm to 7.34 am 

MnchWter 623 pm to 724 am 
6.44 pm to 720 am 


Temperatures at iriddey yesterday: c. 
dorm; t. fax; r, ran: s. sun. 

C F C F 

jjj **” 1 * 745 Guernsey r 846 

BYmgnwii c 846 In verne ss a 541 
Blackpool 1 948 Jersey <1355 
Bristol S 11 52 London c 11 52 
gyj" , flOM ■rnekstor f 948 
s 745 NOWCO M to J 94 a 
Gtragow 1 846 trnktoway s 948 

— S o£f— 

_ Partt eH w - bsw re may 
Monday Saturday recent your dotty 
Portfolio retai. 

Afld jpw Prw to determine 

your weekly Portfolio tool. 

H your total matches (he putaUshM 
weekly dividend ftourr you have won 
ovtriqhi ora snare of the prize money 
slaw for that week, and must cum 
your prize as^tn rtrumjd^ oetow 

PtoctatoB canne assapted auruda mesa 

You mast have your earn wun you 
when you telephone 

M you are unaMe to telephone 
someone else ran clam on your betiair 
but mev must have your card and can 
The Times Portfolio claims lino 

aetweep the stipulated tunes. 

. no mponstttuiy can be accepted 
(or {allure to contact the claims office 

for any reason wiuun tne stared 

The above instructions . 
pneawe w both dally and 
dividend claims. 

Christmas mail 

Today is the fastest recom- 
mended posting date for Christ- 
mas surface mail to India, 
Pakistan and the following 

Aigeita. AraiAa. Antigua arm Bartxilta. 
Ascension Is. Bahamas. BareauosTsch 

Wea mate. SmmK 'ffij 

Greece. Grenada. Guatemala. Ham Hon- 
ft?? 8, fya d-tenw icB. Lesotho. M&idfces, 
_ Mezico, Montserrat, 

Neri&St LlJCsa. St Vincam 5 The 
Granartnes, Singapore. South Africa 

Spare* TemtoSr* ttonhAfncTs* 

SSSS? JSfii. 

Friday. Ociobcr ! 

«.J rv.-wsnaper 

Westminster folk 

Mr Tebbit yestetday m 
effect challenged a Labour 
member, who had accused 

against Panorama, to step 
■outside and say that again, so 
that he could be hit, if not by 
Mr Tcbbiu then at least by a 

writ. _ . 

Mr Ian Gow. Conservative 
MP for Eastbourne, was rude 
about Mr David Steel and the 
rest of the Liberal Party; Mr 
David NetfisL Ubour MP for 
Coventry South-east, was 
nide about Mr Gour. the 
Liberal Party embarrassed 
the Labour Party about the 
Knowsley North by-decnon; 
various other members 
embarrassed themselves. The 
incidents were believed not 
to be related- No one was 
lulled. . , . 

It was not a day for those 
people who take offence at 
the controversial radio show. 
Yesterday in Parliament. You 
either like that son of thing or 
you don*L 

Mr Dale Campbell- 
Savours, Labour MP for 
Workington, demanded an 
emergency debate on Conser- 
vative Central Office's _ al- 
leged activities in the libel 
action against Panorama. 

What any conspiracy the- 
ory needs is a letter. And 
yesterday Mr Campbell- 
Savours produced one. He 
did not say who had written 
il but he implied that it was 
an aggrieved Conservative 
who was protesting about the 
head of the Central Office 
legal department allegedly 
trying to silence witnesses 
who might substantiate 
Panorama s case. 

Mr Campbell-Savours said 
that it had come into his 
hands from a source of his at 
Central Office. So the 
conspiracy also had a mole. 

Actually, as Mr Campbell- 
Da vis had to admit the letter 
was written to Mr John 
Selwyn Gummer, Mr 
Tebbit's predecessor as chair- 
man. This meant that the 
conspiracy may have had a 
letter and a mote, but lacked a 
good villain. 

Unexpectedly, Mr Tebbit 
himself suddenly stepped to 
the despatch box. ”1 should 
say” he began “that the 
allegation which he has 
made, not to the police, but 
under the cloak of pri vilege, 
will be answered individually 
by me outside without the 
benefit of the cover of 

He brought the scene to a 
climax by literally stepping 
outside. He stalked down the 
centre of the chamber in the 
direction of a press con- 

ference. Tory MPs invited Mr 
Caropbcfl-SaVOuT* to ®> wfcfct 
him. Mr Campbell 

prudently remained 

We shay see the next install 
mem when the House 
sunws next week. .J 

- In the meaemne, there 
the elegant situation 
of Mr Gow making a _ 

in a debate on' whether tfcel 
writ should be moved fop 
by-election - at Kao 
North. Mr Gow is 
unknown » foe rest of _ 
country, but so MPshenifegfr 
best-known resident of ” "" 

bourne since Dr John a ... 

Adams, to whom he: bears a£ 
dear resemblance. 

Since the writ for a t*., 
election is moved by ibtl 
party Iasi holding the sen, 
this one had been moved by 
Labour. The Liberals op- 
posed it on the grounds thM,i t 
because of the trouble over 
the defrocked Labour can- 
didate. Mr Hudkfiekt the 
other parties would not know 
who their opponent was -go- 
ing to be. Their real motive 
was to embarrass Labour. 

Mr Gow's motive was to 
embarass both L a b o u r and 
the Liberals. His Kne was that 
Labour may not have a 
candidate, ran the Liberals 
did not have a defence poHcy. 

When the Liberals recently 
held their assembly in ha 
own constituency. Mr Gow 
said. Mr Steel was taken by 
helicopter to London to be 
- rebuked by Dr David Owen 
“the helicopter causing dan- 
ger and distress to my constit- 
uents. especially the eklerty”. 
(Like Dr Bodkin Adams, Mr 
Gow relies on the dderiyof 
Eastbourne for support The 
chairman of us Young 
Conservatives is said to be 
60.) • 

Mr Nelfist a fefcvfoger. 

lie school* 1 humour” anode- 
manded to know whaiit bad 
10 do with Knowsley North, 

Mr Gow said he was coming 
to that He then read from the 
diary which that 
constituency's former mem- 
ber. Mr Kilroy-Siik, had pub- 
lished about Mr Netliflt 
follow left-wingers.*That bas- 
tard Heffef*. Mr Gow began 

The Speaker said that was 
out of order. Mr Gow said hei 
was merely quoting. The 
Speaker said that made no 
difference. Mr Gow withdrew 
"bastard”. Mr Heffor smiled. 

So did nearly everyone rise, 
except Mr NeHist, who un- 
doubtedly takes foe view that 
under true socialism there 
would be no more pro- 
grammes like this (Par- 
liament, that is). 


NOON TODAY taui b 1 

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FT 30 Share 
1249.9 (-12.5) 
1572.5 (-17.1) 



USM (Datastream) 

• 124.63 (- 0 . 22 ) 


US Dollar 

1.4235 (-0.0075) 

W German mark 
2.8370 (-0.0028) 



WttiMrvi *<■ 

£19m fall 
at B&C 

i ^ ' Half-time profits of the 
v Oiyzer ftmily's British and 
Commonwealth Shipping 
group fell to £25.4 million 
from £44.2 million last lime, 
as foreshadowed earlier this 

. The reduction is accounted 
for entirely by lower profits of 
associated companies sold 
earlier, says the company. 
Excluding associates, there 
has been a marginal improve- 
ment at the operating profit 

! The board is confident 
about future prospects and 
shareholders are to receive an 
increase in interim dividend 
*’ from 2Jp to 2.45 p. 

Tempos, page 25 

McKechme up 

McKechnie Brothers has 
justified its shareholders’ faith 
in allowing it to escape the 
predatory clutches of Wil- 
liams Holdings and Evered by 
beating its profits forecast 
Pretax profits jumped 16 per 
cent to £19 million (forecast 
£18 million) for the year to 
July 31. and the dividend was 
raised by 2p to lOp net . 

Tempos, page 25 

Broker sold 

The merchant bank Brown 
Shipley has acquired the 
Leicester-based stockbroker 
Wilshere Baldwin for 
' ■* £555.000, addingr^OOO pri- 
vate clients to their Existing 
40.000. Wilshere Baldwin will 
officially become pan of 
Brown Shipley on Big Bang 
day on Monday. 

Bestwood buy 

Best wood has completed 
the acquisition of Property 
Building and Maintenance 
(London) for £2.09 million 
through the issue of 601.923 
shares. PBM. a private com- 
pany. maintains, refurbishes 
and deans commercial prop- 
erty in greater London. 

Gamar stake 

Strong & Fisher had won 
acceptances of 4.25 per cent 
/■> from Gamar Booth sharehold- 
ers by yesterday's first closing 
date and now controls l9-2o 
per cent. The bid has been 
extended until November 6. 

Hambro deal 

Hambro Countrywide, the 
estate agency arm of Ham- 
bros. is to ’buy two ^ estate 
agents for £63 million. 3 
adding 24 offices to the Ham- 
bro chain, making the total 

US prices up 

US consumer prices rose 0.3 
per cent last month after a 0.2 
per cent rise in August 
September durable goocte or- 
ders rose 4.9 per cent after a 
revised 2.2 per cent August 

Wall Street 22 
CoNcus 22*S 
CoramoU 23 
B*r Burn 23 
Stock Market 24 
Money Mfktt 24 
Fsrr^n Exch 31 

Traded Opts 24 
Tenpus 25 
Unit Trusts 26 
Commodities 26 
USM Prices 26 
Skirt Prices 27 


Exchange claims 
success with 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 

Saturday's dress rehearsal 
for the screen-based equity 
market was a success, the 
Siock Exchange insisted yes- 
terday in its omciakreport, m 
spite of complaints from mar- 
ket-makers that there were 
serious shortcomings with the 

Some fine-tuning was still 
necessary but the Stock Ex- 
change Automated Quota- 
tions System (SEAQ) operated 
successfully throughout the 
trial the report said. The 
Exchange maintained ' that 
price up-dating never took 
more than two seconds 
throughout the day. Hie re- 
port added that the it had now 
proposed various ways for 
member companies to alle- 
viate problems arising from 
their in-house systems. 

The report conceded that 
there had been problems re- 
lated to the logging on and up- 
dating of prices at the start of 
the day, and trade reporting 
rules and reporting trades by 
telephone. However, clarifica- 
tion of these rules had now 
been published. 

- But in spite of the 
Exchanges claim that price 
up-dating delays had occurred 
only when operators had mis- 

used the Topic system, some 
market-makers complained 
that the delays were unaccept- 
able. even though they had 
followed the guidelines. 

“Even staying within the 
parameters laid down by 
Topic, the speed of the Topic 
network system is 
unacceptable,” one market- 
maker sakL “We will have to 
spend a lot more money on 
technology to correct this 

One of die main problems 
‘encountered at the rehearsal 
was the appearance on screen 
of backwardations — where 
die bid price is higher than the 
offered price of a share. As a 
result, a new rule on 
backwardations was passed. 
Some market-makers bad 
pressed for a total han on 
backwardations but the Ex- 
change has decided that 
backwardations, which are ob- 
viously unintentional, may be 
struck off screens by the 
Market Controller. Dealers 
who find a backwardation on ' 
their own screens will not be 
obliged to deal if approached 
by another market-maker. . 

la a further concession, the 
Exchange has relaxed the 

requirements on reporting 
deals in' gamma and della 
stocks — those traded less 
actively. Dally trading in these 
stocks can be reported in the 
evening now, rather than after 
each deal transaction. The aim 
is to ease the pressure on 
market-makers handling un- 
familiar computer equipment 

Thirty-three market-makers 
and 108 brokers took part in 
theexcercise, which started, as 
scheduled, at 9am. Approxi- 
mately 12,000 trades were 
executed during the morning 
session. There was a slightly 
higher volume for the after- 
noon as traders became more 
familiar with the new systems. 
Some market-makers’ quotes 
remained unopened through- 
out the day because outstand- 
ing changes to SEAQ dealing 
registrations had not been 

“At least the Exchange has 
addressed itself to the 
problems,” one market-maker 
observed. “It has probably 
gone as far as it can for the 
time being.” But he added that 
no one in the market believed 
that Monday’s start would be 
without considerable 

Phit agrees 

By Judith Huntley 
Commercial Property 
The Chase Corporation, 
pan of the Chase Group, New 
Zealand's third largest com- 
pany. is making an agreed 
£188.6 million bid for Prop- 
erty Holding and Investment 

Chase emerges as the white 
knight to rescue Phit from 
another New -Zealand com- 
ny. Apex Group, whose 
Op a share tender offer for 
29 per cent of the company, 
closes on Monday. 

Chase Corporation, through 
its 63. 1 per cent-owned British 
property company, Wingate 
Property Investments, is mak- 
ing a iwo-for-one agreed 205p~ 
a-share offer for Phit with a 
cash alternative of I65p a 
share, totalling £153 million. 
Present Wingate shareholders 
will have the chance to acquire 
the new Wingate shares issued 
to satisfy foe underwritten 
cash alternative at 330p a 

Phil's last stated oet assets 
per share were I58p but the 
company, in its recent success- 
ful defence against Greycoat 
Group's £109 million bid, 
estimated they were I68p a 
share. Samuel Montagu & Co, 
the merchant bank advising 
Wingate, says that foe net 
asset value of the combined 
group would be 239p a share 
based on Phit’s last balance 

Chase Corporation, a 
wholly-owned subsidiary of 
the Chase Group, has been 
casting its eye over other 
British properly companies, 
aitracied by foe prospect of 
picking up asset-rich devel- 
opers which would give it the 
chance to expand its opera- 
tions from the limited New 
Zealand and Australian 

It will apply for newly- 
issued Wingate shares to ac- 
quire Phit enabling it to keep 
50 per cent control 
Mr Arthur John, chairman 
of Phit. would be chairman of 
the enlarged group which will 
seek a full stock market listing. 

Profits at Really 
Useful reach £4m 

By Lawrence Lever 

The Really Useful Group, 
the company which exploits 
the commercial rights to An- 
drew Lloyd Webber's musi- 
cals, yesterday announced an. 
increase in pretax profits from' 

£2.6 million to £4.3 million 
for the year to June 30. 

The profits exceed the £4.2 
million forecast in January 
this year when the company 
went public through a tender 
offer struck at 330p. The- 
shares dosed unchanged at 
395p yesterday. 

Mr Brian Brolly, the manag- 
ing director of the company, 
said between 70 and 75- per 
cent of the profits were 
attributable to Cos. foe West 
End and Broadway musicaL 

Andrew LJoyd Webber 
royalties pay oat 

takeover in January of the 
Palace Theatre — it held a 50 

At the time of the offer 90 per cent stake before. The Les 
per cent of profits had been Miserables musical at foe 
derived from Cats, but the Palace is “one of the most 
success of the Starlighi Ex- sought-after shows” Mr Brolly 
press musical had reduced said, adding *’ ‘ 

that it had 
contributed “substantially” to 

“The prospects for the com- 
pany overall are extremely 
bright and favourable.” Mr 
Brolly noted. 



% *-* 

i m-. 

I HZ ***.»«- 

-**■ • 








New Yoric 

Dow Janes 1819.66 (+11-2SJ* 


Nikkei Dow 1630827 (+488.72) 

Hong Kona: 

Hero Seng 2254.791+1650) 

Amsterdam: Gan. 269.8 ( 

Sydney; AO 1367.5 (-4.9) 


Co mwwft Oank 1938.4 (-12.6) 

SSSSul 3818.601-2.04) 

Paris: CAC 370.6 (same) 


SKA General 639.50 (same) 

London dosing prices Page 27 



Bank Sasa: 1 tfo 
3- month Interbank 1 1 Vi i 
3-month eligible Wte:1(K 1 1 » « 

buying rate 

Prime Rate 7 , .-°b 
Federal Funds 5VV 
3-monm Treasury Brils 5JJ6-5.24V 
30-year bonds 94 V94 - " 


London: New Yoric 

E: $14235 S. E14S35‘ 

£: DM2.8370 S DM1 .9985' 

£ 5wfr2.3353 S. SwFrl .6430- 

t FFr9 2883 $ FFr6 5285’ 

eYon22«9a S:Yani5ftior 
£ maex.67 5 S- index 1QB9 

ECU £0.734578 SDR £0.84889 



Braithwaite 1 53p(+23p’ 

god Pelepah - -~43p (+9n 

B. Matthews 260p (+19p, 

Thomson T-Lme 3Wp (+J7p) 


Mercury firm. 355p (+20 p) 

Brown SmpWy 553p (+10p) 


apTT. 65 8p M5p) 

Beeeham 4i5p(-i0p) 

“St". 1 ® 

Fosecc Mmsep 245pH3p) 

British & Comm. 303p (-I0p) 

Saatcm 3 Saatctn 185p l-20p) 


London Poring: . 

AM S425 40 pm -5423.4Q 
Close 5424 50-425.00 12298.25- 
298 751 
New Yoric 

Come* S42320-423.70- 


Brant (Dec ) pm S14.60 OW(S14.20) 

• Denotes West tradmg pnee 

Cats' contribution. 

The third jewel in the 
company's crown is foe Phan- 
tom of the Opera musical, 
which opened 14 days ago to 
rave reviews. 

F^/U^ani? pJMntnm'nffhe Thc company’s pretax prof- 
^ its were made on turnover of 
® £15-6 million as opposed to 

£11-6 million last year. From 
profits from both productions thi j, royalties of £9 4 
would not come through until “ f li ” n pa,a ^ 01 

the following year. ^ 

Cats continues to play to Mr BroDy »id it was not 
packed audiences. “As far as P<*sjWe to determine how 
wean tell there seems to be of foe royalties Mr 

no dimunition in foe popular- 

ity of Cats . " Mr Brolly said. ^ ^ddwi it was noth- 

Tfre show has advance box mg like £9.4 million- 
office receipts of 54 million Really Useful is paying a 
(£2.8 million) from foe Broad- final dividend of 7.5p a share, 
way production and is proving which brings foe total divi- 
* in countries such as dend to ll.25p. 

Japan and Germany. There 
are plans to present foe 
production in other countries, 
such as France, under licens- 

Almost half of its net in- 
come was earned from foe US, 
with the balance split between 
Britain and the rest of the 
ing arrangements. world The company lost 

Mr Brolly said the company £149.000 on its video produc- 
would benefit from the full tion activities. 

French Connection slips 

French Connection, the 
fashion retailer and manufac- 
turer quoted on the unlisted 
securities market, suffered a 
sharp downturn to £1-3 mil- 
lion pretax profits in foe six 
months to July 31. against 
£19 million for the same 
period last year. 

Turnover rose 117 per cent 
to £215 million. 

Best of All Clothing, the 50 
per ccm-owned American 
subsidiary, broke even on 
better sales and a stronger 
order book. 

Last year it slumped to 

profits of £864,000 from £4.5 
million the previous year, 
because of a downturn in 
consumer spending. The com- 
pany expects improved results 
in the second half! 

Group trading in France 
and Hong Kong was encourag- 
ing. but British sales were 
below expectations. 

Britain is expected to pick 
up in the second half and the 
group overall should do tet- 
ter. Mr Stephen Marks, the 
chairman, said The interim 
dividend was maintained at 

Surrounded by screens: Mr Geoffrey Pattie, cenp-e, on a visit to the Stock 
director of informatioa services, and Mr Patrick Mitford-Slade, chairman of \ 

Refusal of 
City Bill 

By Lawrence Lever 

The controversial Financial 
Services BiH is set for more 
fireworks at Monday's Third 
Reading in the House ol 
Lords, after the Government's 
refusal yesterday to grant legal 
immunity to professional 

The Government agreed at 
the end of Monday's report 
stage in the Lords to re- 
consider the question of legal 
immunity for bodies such as 
foe Law Society and foe 
Institute of Chartered 

The professional bodies 
want foe Bill to be amended to 
prevent them from being sued 
by their own members. An 
amendment to this effect had 
already been tabled by Lord 
Benson, the cross-bench peer. 
It is supported by the 

. The Government, however, 
yesterday told the professional 
bodies foal it would not 
accede to the amendment 
The alternative proposed by 
foe Government — which, 
would allow the professional 
bodies themselves to pass a 
resolution preventing mem- 
bers suing - has been refected 
by both the Law Society and 
the ICA. 

The Government, however, 
needs foe co-operation of foe 
Opposition in the Lords 
A fresh amendment to foe 
Bill was tabled by foe Govern- 
ment yesterday, in response to 
Opposition pressure, which 
makes it obligatory for the 
self-regulating organizations 
to make provision for in- 
vestigating public complaints. 

Family Money 
on life after 
British Gas 

In tomorrow's 12-page 
Family Money, The Times 
looks beyond the British Gas 
flame and asks if you should 
take a flyer on British' 

In a week of rising mortgage 
interest rates, we tackle the 
problem of how to keep those 
repayments within your bud- 
get- We also advise what to 
look out for at next week’s 
Money '86 show and bow 
private investors will be af- 
fected by Big Bang. 

Plus, with all sporting eyes 
focused on Nigel Mansell's 
prospects in foe Australian 
Grand Prix. we ask just how 
difficult is it to get life 
assurance if you are a racing 
driver, hang-glider or pot- 

Oilfield viable 

BP. has declared its Gyda 
field in the North Sea's 
Norwegian sector commer- 
cially viable, but agreement 
has still to be obtained from 
the Norwegian Government 
for access to its pipeline 

More to join C&W project 

•.Cable and Wireless and its 
partners in foe consortium 
bidding for foe licence to 
become the alternative inter- 
national telecommunications 
carrier in Japan, will today 
announce 23 new shareholders 
in the project. 

The formation of foe Anglo- 
United Srates-Japanese con- 
sortium was. announced earlier 
this month but a 20 per cent 
stake was set aside for addi- 
tional participation, by Japa- 
nese companies and banks. 

This stake has bees allo- 
cated to the new shareholders, 
including foe Nissan Motor 
Co. Nomura Securities, Nip- 
pon Steel Corporation, the 

By Teresa Poole 

Tokyo Electric Power Com- 
pany and Toshiba Corp- 

The C&W cansortian. Int- 
ernational Digital Commu- 
nications Planning, whose 
core members include Toyota 
Motors, C Itoh. the trading 
house, Merrill Lynch and 
Pacific Telesis. is competing 
for foe licence against a group 
led by three of the largest 
Japanese trading houses — 
Mitsubishi, Mitsui and 

These houses have not 
taken ap an invitation to take a 
direct stake in IDC but their 
banking subsidiaries are 
among die 23 new sharehold- 

ers. IDC was hoping to avoid 
direct competition for foe li- 
cence by encouraging foe ri- 
vals to become involved in 

In a bid to avoid an out and 
out commercial war, foe Japa- 
nese leaders of IDC are to 
investigate “ways of har- 
monizing" foe interests of foe 
company- with those iff the 
rival consortium and Koknsia 
Densbin Denwa. foe Japanese 
telephone monopoly. 

IDC »iD be formally incor- 
porated on November 17 and. 
if successful in winning foe 
licence, aims to offer leased 
rircnrt services by foe end of 
1987 and switched services by- 
foe beginning Of 1989. 

‘Oil prices could 
fluctuate wildly’ 

By David Young, Energy Correspondent 

Sheikh All Khalifa A1 -Sa- 
bah, the Kuwait oil minister 
who was responsible for die 
demand whkh led to foe 
longest meeting in Opec*s 
history, gave a wanting yes- 
terday tut oQ prices cenM 
still flnetnate wildly until a 
new type of “scientific" agree- 
ment is reached by the ml 
producers' cartel. 

Sheikh All, who arrived in 
London yesterday morning di- 
rectly from Opec's marathon 
session in Geneva, said, how- 
ever, that there was no reason 
why oil prices should go up. 

He said the next Opec 
meeting scheduled for Decem- 
ber 11 would probably be the 
most crucial in its history. 

* 4 This meeting will be im- 
portant because we are taking 
decisions about the future — 
something which will reduce 
friction among our members,” 
be said. 

Opec officials and Mr 
Rgwani Lakman, foe Nigerian 
03 minister and Opec presi- 
dent who will be In London 
today, are looking at a new 
percentage qnota system 
which they hope can be in- 
troduced to replace foe output 
levels agreed in Geneva. 

Sbeikh All yesterday de- 
fended his stand in Geneva 
during which he demanded 
and won an increased share of 
output for his country. 

He said that just because 
Kuwait was a wealthy country 
it should not be denied a fairer 
share of output. 

“Thai is Like saying the wise 
should be punished. Kuwait, 
has looked to foe future and 
invested wisely when revenues 
were high and ent investment 
and spending when revenues 
became low, he said. 

He also said that Britain's 

continued refusal to co-operate 
with Opec in production cats 
to reverse the supply-demand 
imbalance ’ was no longer 

“The present Government 
has refused to co-operate for 
foe past few years and we don't 
think they will do anything 
now,” he said. 

“In any case, Britain wfll 
not be a major exporter of oil 
in the future — in fact it is very 
unlikely to remain self suf- 
ficient for much longer.” 

Norway, on the other hand, 
will play an increasingly im- 
portant role because of the size 
of its oil reserves and its 
potential to increase exports. 

He said: “I don't think tint 
what Norway has done to cut 
output is yet significant. What 
I want to see is a commitment 
to more substantial measures 
by foe end of the year." 

Mr Arne Omen, the Norwe- 
gian oil minister, who will also 
be at the oil industry con- 
ference in London, yesterday 
met Dr Arturo Grisanti, foe 
Venezuelan oil minister and 
foe previous Opec president. 

Dr Grisanti said afterwards: 
“It is indispensibie to have foe 
co-operation of non-Opec 
producers because Opec alone 
does not have the influence at 
foe moment to stabilize foe 

• Third quarter profits, at 
Sohio, BP"s subsidiary in the 
United States, fell to $52 
mflikm (£36 million) after tax, 
interest charges and re- 
structuring costs, compared 
with &34> motion during the 
same period last year. 

In foe first nine montits of 
this year Sohio made a net loss 
of S376 million compared with 
a profit of $1,079 m31ioa for 
the same period last year. 

BA profits 
‘to take off 
next year’ 

By Teresa Poole 
Business Correspondent 

The Government's hopes of 
raising up to £ I -billion from 
the privatization of British 
Airways received a boost yes- 
terday with a forecast from 
Wood Mackenzie, joint bro- 
kers to the Government for 
ibe sale, of a strong profits 
recovery in 1987-418 to £230 

But according to Wood 
Mackenzie, investors will ex- 
pect British Airways to offer a 
higher-t han -average yield and 
on a less demanding earnings 
rating than most stocks. 

A research report by Wood 
Mackenzie forecasts a fall in 
pretax profits for the year to 
March 1987 from £183 mil- 
lion to £1 30 million because of 
the sharp decline in North 
Atlantic traffic in the wake of 
Chernobyl, terrorist attacks in 
Europe, and a weak dollar. 

However, profits are ex- 
pected to bounce back very 
strongly next year to £230 
million as traffic - volumes 
continue to recover and grow. 
Phillips & Drew, joint brokers 
to British Airways, recently 
forecast £200 million 
Wood Mackenzie says that 
if British Airways were al- 
ready quoted, its market 
capitalization “could ap- 
proach £1 billion”, suggesting 
a yield of 6 per cent or more, 
well above the market av- 
erage. and a prospective p/e 
multiple of no more than 8 
and 6.5 respectively for this 
year and next 
The report describes British 
Airways as “a management 
success story” but also gives 
warning, that the potential 
risks of foe business cannot be 

No portfolio is at ^ 
complete wittiourone 

t -MV Vi 

Hie Foreign and Colonial Group consistently amongst ftie best. 

Bib Foreign and Cotontal toweamemTnwPLC 

(International growth orienlaied portfolio) 

F&C Alliance Investment PUD 
(International portfolio of smaller companies) 

FSC Eurafeusf PLC 
(Invested in Continental Europe) 


(Invested in Far East Australia & US. West Coast) For East Sector up 68% 

“Source Association of Invesnnenl Trusts Net Asset Vtfue Total Return yeartt)3lsiAugps 1986. 

If you wouldlike to know more just send off the coupon to us. Foreign & 
Colonial Management limited (Licensed Dealer in Securities) and we will send 
you details (tick box). 

To: Eleanor Timer, Foreign ft Ootonfai Management limited, 

1 Laurence Potmtoey HHl, London EC4fc OBA. Tel: 01*623 4680. 

□ "Hol in Capital fttocome Growth Sector 
op 6095 

□ *Nol in Smdlff Companies Sector 
up 50% 

□ *ND 1 in Capital Growth: 

International Seen? up 97% 

□ “No 6 in Capbal Growth: 






■i. - ^ • 
■it ■■ • 

' <1 
- & 





Mexico hints at big oil 
find as debts build up 

Mexico's slate oil monop- 
oly. Petroleos Mexico nos. has 
hinted that its proven reserves 
are going to be boosted by new 
Helds in the southern state or 

When an out-of-control 
oilwell in the new petroleum 
area was finally capped Iasi 
week, a Pemex director. Sfttor 
Mario Ramon Beteta, re- 
vealed in a casual aside to 
firemen that the new Tabasco 
deposits “were comparable to 
the Campeche Sound". 

Since the Campeche Sound 
produces 60 per cent of 
Mexico's 2.7 million barrels a 
day output, oil industry 
observers sat up and took 

Pemex said the burning 
well, known as Luna 11. was 
consuming 25,000 bpd. This 
compares with the 30,000 bpd 
Ixioc One spHled into the sea 
when it went out of control 
nearly 10 years ago in the 
Campeche Sound. Ixtoc One 
turned out to have a capacity 
of more than 800 million 

From A Correspondent, Mexico City 

One Pemex source said the 
Luna and Ceiba deposits in 
Tabasco were nearly as big as 
the Campeche offshore de- 
posits. The source added that 
the Tabasco finds had the 
advantage of being on land. 

Other oil industry sources 
calculate the new fields could 
increase Mexico's proven re- 
serves from just over 70 
billion barrels, to 80 billion or 

However, more cynical 
observers are pointing out that 
Senor Beteta 's offhand remark 
was made on October 14, the 
day Mexico presented its plan 
for rescheduling $60 billion of 
its foreign debt to creditors in 
New York. 

The cynics represent a 
school of thought which holds 
that when Mexico needs 
credit, Pemex boosts its 

proven oil reserves. 

As the industry waited for 
an official announcement 
about the Tabasco finds this 
week, the Government avoid- 
ed the topic and merely re- 
peated its pledge to maintain a 

150.000 bpd rcduciion in oil 

The reduction — in support 
of the Organization of Petro- 
leum Exporting Countries' at- 
tempt to return to higher oil 
prices — is being described as 
cosmetic by Mexican econo- 

Once again, lower oil ex- 
ports caused the nation's trade 
surplus to plummet 64.9 per 
cent for the first seven months 
of this year to only $1,636 

Oil exports totalled $3,469 
billion in the January-June 
period, that is $4,997 billion 
less than in the same period 
last year. They made up 39.6 
per cent of the value of all 
exports up to June, but in July 
this sank to 34.9 per cent. It 
was the seventh consecutive 
month in which non-oil ex- 
ports exceeded oil exports. 

Total exports fell 30 per 
cent to $8.75 billion in the first 
seven months. 

According to the central 
bank, total imports fell 9.3 per 
cent to $7.1 14 billion. 

Tokyo market rallies as yen falls 

The Tokyo Slock Exchange 
rebounded sharply yesterday 
after eight days of decline. 

Buyers, apparently en- 
couraged by a weakening of 
the yen. came back into the 
market for a large one-day 

From David Watts, Tokyo 
recovery of 488.72 on the 
Nikkei Dow share index. The 
dollar dosed yesterday at yen 
156.35. up yen 1.07 on the 
day. continuing a steady trend 
towards the weakening of the 
yen over the past few days. 

The index closed at 

1 6.308.27, having fallen below 
the psychological 16,000 bar- 
rier on Wednesday. The 
recovery was led by Tokyo 
Electric Power which lost yen 
180 in early trading but fin- 
ished yen 470 higher by the 
close of business. 


House Mortgage Rate 

Midland Bank announces that with effect 
from Saturday 1st November 1986 
its House Mortgage Rate will increase 
by 1 .5% to 12.5% per annum. 

APR 13.1%. 

H Midland Bank 

•#.••• Midland Bank dIc. 27 Poultrv. London EC2P 2BX 

Midland Bank pic, 27 Poultry. London EC2P 2BX 

first gold 
coin is 
a sellout 

By Carol Leonard 

The Eagle, the first Ameri- 
can gold bullion coin, has sold 
out within two days of being 
la ouch ed- 
it went oa sale to US dealers 
on Monday and within 48 
boars 800,000 coins — the 
entire stock bdd by the US 
Mint — had been sold. The 
Mint had been expecting to 
sell 2,200,000 ounces of the 
coin dnrmg the next 12 months 
but has already sold mere titan 
a quarter of mat figure. 

“The interest has been 
overwhelming and if H keeps 
up we will meet ear 12 -month 
target within the first 10 
days," says Miss Hamilton 
Dix, international marketing 
officer for the Mint. 

The Mint, in Washington, 
will be offering 125,000 
ounces of the coin for sale 
every Monday until demand 

The coins come ia four sizes 
— loz, feoz, Uoz and ha az — 
and were delivered yesterday 
to US dealers lucky enough to 
hare their orders accepted. 
They should be on sale to the 
American public today. 

The Mint has authorized 25 
distributors world-wide to sell 
the coin. In Britain they 
include Rothschild and Sam- 
ael Montagu, the merchant 
banks. Pro Bache, and Moc- 
atta A Goldsmid, the bullion 

• SIEBE: Acceptances have 
been received for about 97 per 
cent of 31.220.913 new Siebe 
ordinary shares issued in 
connection with the acquisition 
of Robertshaw Controls, an 
American manufacturer of tem- 
perature and appliance controls. 
The offer has become 

HOLDINGS: Interim dividend 
3. Ip (2.75p). Figures in £000s. 
Turnover 45.284 (75.081) for 
the six months to August 31- 
Trading profit 3.902 (4.118). 
Pretax profit 4.008 (3.292). Tax 
1.443 (1.337). Earnings per 
share 9.7p (7.4p). 

sults for the year to July 31 in 
fOOOs. Final dividend !.8p 
( 1.5p). making 2_5p (2.2pk 
Turnover 24.047 (18.164). Cost 
of sales 18.931 (14,462). Gross 
profit 5.116 (3.702). Pretax 
profit 1.724 (1.128). Tax 809 
(490). Earnings per share 10.8p 

sults for the six months to July 
27. Figures in £000&. Interim 
dividend l.32p(l.2p).Tumover 

Low oil prices hit 
profits at L&N 

By Alison Ladle 

London and Northern, the 
healthcare, building, civil en- 
gineering and quarrying 
group, suffered a fall in first- 
half pretax profits to £3.7 
million from £7.9 million, 
mainly because lower oil 
prices hurt the group's Middle 
East healthcare and civil en- 
gineering interests. 

An extraordinary credit of 
£4.4 million arose after the 
disposal of five concrete prod- 
ucts and metal companies. 
The total profit over asset 
value was £6.6 million but 
£2.2 million went on closure 

LAN's future is clouded by 
the £25 million still owed by 
the United Arab Emirates for 
a hospital contract in Sharjah. 
The profit on the contract has 

been taken, but the effect on 
the balance sheet is to keep 
gearing at a high 70 per cent 

Gearing is expected to re- 
main the same at tbe year end 
if payments are not forthcom- 
ing. The arrears are mounting 
at £1 million a month. L&N 
would not say when it will 
declare the debt bad. 

The company has restruc- 
tured into larger and fewer 
divisions. It is concentrating 
on selling off sunset industries 
like scrap metal, taking cost 
out of existing businesses and 
boosting growth areas like 
Weatherses! double glazing 
and Tactico cellular radio. 

The interim dividend was 
maintained at 2. Ip. which is 
uncovered before extraor- 
dinary items. 


Prices improve in early 
moderate trading 

Lloyds Bank starts 
stockbroking firm 

By Oar City Staff 

Lloyds Bank, the onfy one 
of the big four clearing banks 
not to have bought a stock- 
broker and stockjobber, yes- 
terday announced it was 
forming a new stockbroking 
subsidiary which will start 
trading from Monday. 

Uoyds Bank Stockbrokers 
will operate from the mer- 
chant bank's offices with a 
staff of 40. headed by Mr Peter 
M inchin who was recruited 
from Scrimgeour Vickers. 
There will be six share dealers. 


2.912 (1.695). Trading profit 
before interest 352 (341). In- 
terest payable 225 (107). Pretax 
profit 327 (234). UK tax 38 (35). 
Dividend accrued in preferen- 
tial shares 16 (16). Earnings per 
share 4.8p (3.2p). 

GROUP: Application has been 
made for the admission of 
8.460.000 ordinary shares to the 
official list. As additional 
consideration for the ac- 
quisition of property interests in 
Denver, Colorado, another 
8.460.000 ordinary shares (2.8 
per cent of voting capital) have 
been allotted and £1,582.271, 
representing accrued dividends 
and interest, paid to Noram co 

COMPONENTS: At the first 
closing date, acceptances of the 
recommended offer to acquire 
all the Webber shares had been 
received for 4,242,850 shares 
(92.12 per cent of the issued 
share capital). The offer is now 

GROUP: Results for the year to 
June 30. Final dividend 7.5p. 

The subsidiary will con- 
centrate on giving a specialist 
broking and advisory service 
to Lloyds' retail branch net- 
work. A month ago, Lloyds 
announced a new service 
called SharedeaL, which would 
allow customers to buy and 
sell shares through Lloyds' 
2.300 bank branches. 

The new Uoyds stock- 
broker will be one of 24 
brokers that the branch net- 
work will use to execute 

making I !.25p. Figures in 
£000s. Turnover 15,690 
( 1 1.649). Net income 5.089 
(3.506). - Operating profit 3,989 
(1.703). Interest received 346 
(159). Interest payable 13 (29). 
Pretax profit 4.322 (1.833). Tax 
1.734 (809). Earnings per share 
weighted average 24.8p (lOJIp). 

The company has agreed to buy 
all the issued share capital of M 
and B Transport (Northamp- 
ton) for £450.000. CP has issued 
416.667 ordinary shares in 
satisfaction of £350.000 worth 
of the consideration. 

TATE: The company has been 
granted planning permission for 
its Huntingdon Arcades, 
Black friars Square shopping 
centre in Worcester. The £30 
million scheme will provide 
about 165,000 sq ft of retailing 
space and 13.000 sq ft of office 

More company news 
on page 25 

New York (Agencies) — 
Wall Street stocks moved 
higher in moderate early trad- 
ing yesterday with some issues 
posting strong gains as bond 
prices also con tinned to climb. 

A slight rise in September 
consumer prices was expected 
by the market and had little 
immediate impact, bnt a 42) 
per cent rise in September 
durable goods orders helped 

Tbe Dow Jones industrial 
average rose 7.03 to 1,815-38 
at one stage when tbe trans- 
port indicator was np 5.00 to 
823.75 and the utilities av- 
erage just 0.58 to 200.14. The 
65 stocks average climbed 3.13 
to 720.19. 

The broader Standard & 

Poor's 500-share index rose 
0.89 to 237.15. 

Advancing shares on tbe 
NYSE led declining issues by 
nearly two-to-one when tbe 
volume totalled abont 15 mil- 
lion shares. 

The 4.9 per cent gain In 
September durable goods or- 
ders, tbe largest monthly ad- 
vance since November 1984, 
included an 84? per cent 
advance in non-defence capital 
goods and an identical 
monthly jump in transport 

-*There is a slight hint and 
slight smell of an improved 
operating environment for tbe 
industrial sector," Mr Joseph 
Carson, senior economist at 
Chemical Bank said- ■ 





































ABed Signal 



FstW Bricp 




























PPG ind 






GAF Corp 






Am nia Ha 



GTE Corp 






Am Brands 



Gen Corp 








R c ji 











I;-’-:'" I I 





Gen test 



1^ IvJ 





Gen MBs " 







re", i". 1 I 



Sara Lee 



Am Motors 













32% ■ 




Georgia Pac 



Scott Paper 







Seagram . 








Sears Rbck 











■.* ,"7.|. 1 




SmttMn Bk 































Sperry Corp 
Sid Os Ohio 

nta n/a 

46% 47V 




Gutf A West 



Bank of NY 



Hera HJ. 



Sterling Dro 
Stevens Jp 



Betti Steal 















Sun Comp 






1C mb 














Bq Warner 



fmano Steel 




35 V 

. 34V 

Bnst Myers 




18 % 

Texas. E Cot 

■ 29 







Texas test 








Texas rate 





lm Paper . 
















61 % 

Irvmg Bank 



TRW tec - 





69 V 


UAL tec 






Kaiser Alum 



Unlever NV 






Kerr McGee 






Central SW 




K Mart 



tin Pac Cor 







Uto Brands 







































Lucky Sirs 



jm waiter 



dark Equip 








Coca Cola 






Woes Fargo 




cSr 8 










Marne Mid 



Ft: i.y'lUR 






Mn Marietta 





Cmo'm Erg 














Xenix Corp 











Cn Nat Gas 






Cons Power 




CoW Data 






Comma (3 





mom 04 









Morgen J.P. 












Aten Alum 



Dart & Kraft 



NCR Corp 












Can Pacific 



Dene Air 



Nar Otertrs 





Detroit Ed 






















Norfolk Stfl 













Dresser Ind 



Occam Pet 



Impenal OK 

In Pipe 



Duke Power 














m i..» 

Ryl Trustee 



Eastern Air 




Steel Co 



Eson Kodak 



Pac Gas B 




Eaton Coro 
Emerson B 



Pan Am 







Penney J.C. 


vamy Corp 



Exxon Corp 






Vna Hiram 











• aArttd eEittMuMB kUanu MBS ■ sar p Stock *w 




'* u 4n J uZL II 



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Sixteen out of last year’s top twenty per- 
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are a selection of the recent winners. 








W A Holdings 




Wnodhouse Rixson 



+4 an. 





AsWey Industrial 




A CCars 




Tnzer Kemsk-y 




British Benzol 



+ 6W"n 





Spencer Clark 



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© Penny Share Focus Ltd. 1986 
Registered in England 1846796 
1 1 Blomfidd Street London EC2M 7A Y 




Please return this form to Penny Share Focus, 1 1 Blomfield Street London EC2M 7AY 


Rank pic 


|A ‘ ; f 

f ' 

. I • 

Despite the distraction of two 
unwanted takeover bids, McKechnie 
enjoyed a record yeai; with pre-taxi 
profits up by 16% and earnings per 1 
share before extraordinary items up 32%. 

Success in reducing working capital allowed 
the Group to reduce gearing to a satisfactory level 
of 16 "t. and to recommend a 25 % increase in dividends. 

These results owed much to steadily improving prodiiC’ 

tivity and moves towards higher added value products in the 

llv, as well as satisfactory performances from overseas. \ ,; v^(WS[j8IIER 
The Group is now strongly positioned in the three core business ^; PRODUCTS 
areas of high-technology plastics, consumer products and metals, 
and the first quarter’s results are encouraging for the current 
year For a copy of the Annual Report, please write to The 
Secretary McKechnie Brothers p.i.c., Leighswood Road, 

Aldridge, V&lsali, Itest Midlands WS9 8DS. 










YES Please show me how I can make money with 
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Branch Address . 



H *H • + 71 * lAl.l*+-‘ ,NI -' X . M , 



Afv Naim* and No. ( if km «wn j Uj 

Please pay In Natiunal Westminster Bank PU" (Hi lMTH, f» 

2 St AJphagr 1 1 i^i walk. liffldrm Wall. It mdnn E( -J f» «■ the arn >unt y] 
i>f Penny Share Foot* Aemunt number the sum of gg 

5.W.FH1 on receipt of this order and then -aft it 5 Sw.-V) on the same m 
dale rarh year until rounti-nnanlKl hy me ® 

Date .. — Signed J 









Profit on ordinary activities, 
before taxation 



Net attributable profit 

* 9.7 


Dividends per share (net) 

8, Op 

Earnings per share (net) 

16. Ip 

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By John Hollis 

There is a tendency when 
considering potential develop- 
ments in the British securities 
market to view these as 

emulating past developments 
m the United States, and 
tending to produce a market 
which will be a clone of the 
American system. 

This may be misleading. 
The H all Street Journal, illus- 
trating for its American read- 
ers the scale of changes in 
London, described the Big 
Bang as the deregulation of 
commissions, the creation of 
the Securities and Exchange 
Commission and the abolition 
of the Glass-Steagall Act, all 
condensed into a lev months. 

By contrast, the US equiva- 
lent of Big Bang — May Day 
1975 — was an event in 
isolation. Much of the re- 
structuring of the New York 
Stock Exchange community 
followed that event, notably 
the . evolution of financial 
conglomerates involving non- 
securities firms Because of 
the Glass-Steagall Act. the 
commercial banks have been 
largely excluded from parti- 

London, in contrast, is the 
only big world centre where 
the law allows commercial 
tanks and securities houses to 
work in harness. In London, 
too, much of the restructuring 
has taken place in advance of 
the deregulation of commis- 

There are important histori- 
cal and geographical dif- 
ferences between die British 
and US securities markets. 
The US is a very big country, 
covering several time zones. 
Partly in consequence, there is 
no national daily Pressin spite 
of the best efforts by The Wall 
Street Journa l. 

This factor alone goes a long 
way towards explaining the 
manner in which new issues, 
both of government paper and 
company securities, are mar- 
keted through syndicates of 

May Day an imperfect guide to Big Bang 

London market will not 
be an American clone 

professionals. It also largely 
explains why the Secondary 
market in US government 
paper is quite removed from 
the New York Stock 

A_ dominant historical fac- 
tor is the Glass-Steagall Act, 
passed shortly after the 1929 
Wall Street debacle, which 
separated the functions of 
commercial and investment 
banking. This, coupled with 
the involvement of invest- 
ment 'banks in new issues, 
blurred the distinction be- 
tween investment banking 
and stockbroking while firmly 

man money-centre banks 
from having a presence at 
retail level. 

A more important, but less 
obvious, difference is in the 
basic dealing method. The 

auction live. The manner and 
extent to which they may so 
act is severely circumscribed. 

Increasingly, this system 
has become incapable of han- 
dling large individual orders 

London plan is to adopt the . which has led to the growing 

excluding commercial banks 
from the field. 

Even today, banks such as 
CiticoTp and Manufacturers 
Hanover, though active as 
issuers and promoters of inter- 
national bonds, are excluded 
from this activity at home. 

A similar factor is the broad 
restriction limiting US 
commercial banks* activities 
to their home states while 
stockbrokers and investment 
banks range nationwide. Curi- 
ously, in Canada, where there 
is a similar separation of 
function, the system has 
evolved quite differently. 
There the leading banks are 
national, institutions while 
stockbrokers are provinciality 
chartered (though in practice 
many operate nationally). 

In the US there are now 
moves to do away with the 
state banking restriction but 
so far these tend to lake the 
form of neighbouring states 
allowing regional groupings 
while continuing to exclude 
the big New York and Califbr- 

meihod used in the US over- 
the-counter market by adapt- 
ing the NASDAQ computer- 
ized quotation display system 
to London requirements. 

The NASDAQsystem is not 
unlike that used in the inter- 
national bond markets. From 
its nature, originating as a 
market in minor securities 
which were often of only local 
significance, the over-the- 
counter market has never bad 
a geographical centre. It is 
only the availability of 
computerized communica- 
tions that has enabled it to 
become fully national as the 
similarly organized bond mar- 
kets are international. 

Nevertheless, this dealing 
system, based on market- 
makers acting primarily as 
principals dealing for their 
own account, is different from 
the system theoretically in 
force, in the New York Stock 

This is based on open 

What Big Bang 
will mean to the 
private investor 

auction between buyers and 
sellers congregating at the 
appropriate trading post The 
auction is supplemented by 
the activities of the specialists 
assigned to each post Special- 
ists are primarily brokers* 
brokers; they hold orders on 
behalf of other brokers, 
executing them as the de- 
veloping continuous auction 
permits and obtaining their 
remuneration by a share of the 
broker’s commission. They 
may act only as principals for 
their own account when it is 
necessary so to do to keep the 

practice of brokers taking 
block positions “upstairs” for 
their own account to accom- 
modate clients and then laying 
them off with other clients. 
This amounts to a partial 
market-making system but. 
unlike that in NASDAQ, it is 
sporadic and confined to spe- 
cial circumstances.. 

The SEAQ quotation dis- 

play system adopted in 
London will only accept and 
transmit quotes from reg- 
istered market-makers in the 
stocks in which they are so 
registered. Only brokers and 
institutions will have access to 
the fUll range of current 
quotes. Other clients will be 
restricted to displays giving 
only the best current quote 
without identifying iis source 
and will have to contact a 
broker to reach the market- 
, maker. 

It will be open to brokers 
who are not also market- 
makers io take positions, at 
the risk of becoming liable to 
full stamp duty, to accom- 
modate clients, though the 
“best execution” principle will 
make it difficult to justify 
doing so except within the 
current quotation. They will 
have nothing like the freedom 
of action of the “block 
traders” in New York. 

Another factor is the 
London fortnightly account 
dealing system, which is nor 

One year on and tin’s war 
of attrition still rages 

By Lawrence Lever • 

The tin crisis celebrates its 
first anniversary today — if 
celebrates is the right word. 
The crisis erupted on October 
24 last year which, as metal 
brokers have ironically 
pointed oat, was United Na- 
tions day. The irony, they say, 
comes from the retinal of. the 
22-member countries of the 
International Tin Council to 
accept liablity for the debts of 

It was on October 24 that 
the ITC announced dial it had 
ran oat of money and conld no 
tonga* support the price of tin 
through its buffer stock man- 
ager, Mr Pieter de Koaing. 

Tin prices collapsed from 
£8,300 a tonne and the IT C 
was left with gross debts of 
about £900 million. Tin is now 
quoted in Koala Lam pa at a 
sterling equivalent price of 
£3.960 a tonne. 

Attempts to reach a settle- 
ment by the member conn tries 
foundered. The Government - 
which under the terms of the 
sixth International Tin Agree- 
ment is fiable for only 4 per 
cent of the debts — lobbied 
hard for the market 

A confidential memoran- 
dum prepared from within the 
Department of Trade ami 
Industry shortly after the cri- 
sis broke argued that any legal 
action brought against the 22 
member countries for the 
rrcs debts had a very good 
chance of success. 

Since the breakdown or the 
market settlement however the 
Government has changed its 
time completely. Unofficial 
Government sources say that 
the legal opinion prepared by 
the DTI was a tactical 
manoeuvre, painting the worst 
possible picture in or der to 
frighten the member countries 
into accepting a settlement. 

It fid not work and now the 
Government, along with the 
others, has retreated into a 
shell of silence and the bald 
statement that it is not legally 
liable for t be ITCs debts. 

Cornish tin mmeworkers and MPs campaigning for 
government aid to help save the industry earlier this year 

The most vehement legal Secretary of State for Trade 

challenge to the governments 
comes from a group of 11 tin 
brokers who have called them- 
selves Tinco Realisations. 
They appointed Mr Michael 
Arnold, the former receiver of 
the funds of the National 
Union of Mineworkers, to 
spearhead their legal and 
political campaign for the 
governments to pay their 
losses which conld amount to 
£400 rafllkHL. 

What Tinco is saying is that 
the 22 member countries of the 
ITC are jointly and severally 
liable for its debts. This is a 
crucial legal argument which 
effectively prevents any one of 
the member governments 
agreeing to settle for its al- 
leged share of the ITCs debts. 

Joint and several liability. If 
correct, wonld mean that 
Unco conld soe one of the 22 
member countries and make it 
liable for the debts of ail 22. It 
would then be up to the one 
unfortunate member country 
to recover the amount it had to 
pay out — minus its own share 
— from the other 21 countries. 

Two of the metal brokers 
have already issued writs 
against all 22 member coun- 
tries. Tinco itself has not done 
so yet. 

Mr Arnold had a meeting 
with Mr PfenJ Chanson, the 

and lndnsty, at which Mr 
Channou made it plain that 
the Government would not 
agree any settlement of 
Tinco’s claim. _ . . 

In (act Britain is considering 
a pre-emptive strike at the two 
actions brought against it ami 
the other countries. It is 
saying, unofficially., that they 
disclose no cause of action 
against it. 

On the general question of 
legal liability the Government 
says that the issue revolves 
around the construction of the 
ITA 6. The Government says 
that this document is a defin- 
itive statement of the liabilities 
of the 22 member countries. 
These liabilities, it says, are 
restricted to the funding of the 
administrative costs and a 
proportion of the ITCs buffer 
stock. They do not extend to 
the ITCs debts. 

Tinco disagrees, and in 
time-honoured fashion, has 
produced a detailed legal opin- 
ion from renowned inter- 
national lawyers, saying the 

Tinco's chosen legal route to 
“collect”, as Mr Arnold puts 
it, is to petition the High Court 
to wind up the IT C. 

This legal action has how- 
ever been delayed to the end of 
the year at the earliest. “The 

reasons are entirely tactieaL” 
Mr Arnold said last. week. 
“There is no weakness on our 
part, this tactic is in fad a 

Tinco says that winding np 
the ITC is the most “clear cut 
and simple route” to collect. It 
would mean that a liquidator 
of the ITC wonld be appointed 
who would then bring an 
action against the member 
countries to call in the 
council's debts. 

The next stage would be a 
court order saying whether, 
and from whom, the liquidator 
could collect the debts. Then 
wonld comeenforcement If the 
order said the liability was 
joint and several then, in so for 
as some countries did not pay, 
the liquidator conkl either 
make an extra call on those 
which did pay. or seize the 
assets within the jurisdiction 
of tbe non-payers. 

If the liability is several the 
liquidator would have to go 
around the. world collecting the 
proportionate shares. 

An alternative, or even addi- 
tional, tine of attack which 
Tinco is examining is to take 
direct action in one or more of 
the countries against member 

Member governments also 
have to contend with the less 
high profile claims of 10 
international banks seeking 
about £180 million as creditors 
of the ITC. 

The banks' spokesman is 
Sir Adam Ridley of Hambros. 
They are likely to support the 
Tinco petition and are also 
contemplating direct action. 

The tine being taken by tbe 
Government on the petition is 
that tbe ITC Is not a body 
capable of being wound up. 
And even if it is, then tbe 
governments wDJ argue that 
the High Court is not the 
correct forum for such a 
petition to be heard. 

The legal issues will be 
argued for some time. Law- 
yers and litigation on this level 
are notoriously expensive. Tbe 
entire tin crisis is rapidly 
disintegrating into a massive 
and horrendously expensive 
legal nightmare. 

scheduled — to be eliminated 
or modified. This gives a 
market-maker or a “block- 
positioner" more leeway than 
the US system of settling each 
day's business on the fifth 
succeeding day. 

While “block-positioners" 
who are not market-makers 
will have to bear full transfer 
duly when they are buyers, as 
described above, it appears 
that if they “short” a stock to 
accommodate a client wishing 
to buy. they will have the 
disability that they will not be 
able to borrow .stock from 
money' brokers as market- 
makers will be allowed to do. 

The new market-making 
firms win each have to make a 
basic policy decision about 
whether their dealings and 
quotations are to be client- 
driven or driven by their own 
book (like a traditional Job- 
ber). The block-trading Junc- 
tion as practised in New York 
is essentially governed by the 
need to accommodate the 

This is a different concept 
from running a book in order 
to make regular dealing prof- 
its. while providing a service 
to the market and the invest- 
ing public at large. The two 
styles also reflect differently 
on the role of the firm's own 
research effort and while both 
create potential conflicts of 
interests vis-a-vis this func- 
tion, these differ somewhat 
between tbe two cases. 

ft is an old Slock Exchange 
saying that you should never 
take an investment recom- 
mendation from a jobber in a 
stock in which be deals. A 
block positioner, in contrast, 
may find himself being asked 
to take positions in con- 
sequence of his own research 
recommendations in order to 
give these recommendations 

The author, a director of 
Dewe Rogerson. is expres- 
sing his own views. 

As from Monday next, mar- 
ket-makers will pay no trans- 
fer stamp duty; the SOp 
nominal stamp is abolished. 
Deftec Securities should be 
added to tbe list of market- 
makers published on Tuesday. 
The range of compensation 
for investors under discussion 
is £250.000 to £30,000 (not 
L £20,000 in- yesterday's head- 
line). Compensation evisageff 
by the Securities and Invest- 
ments Board would be paid 
only in the event of insol- 
vency. The SIB expects inves- 
tors will be paid before the 
insolvency process is complet- 

COMMENT Kenneth Fleet 

Treasury and the Bank 
take on the markets 

Whatever Karl Otto Poehl was telling 
the Prime Minister on Monday, it was 
not that the British Government 
should abandon monetary targets. But 
the Governor of the Bank of England, 
who was present at the meeting, had 
his own reasons for wanting to be 
freed of the . burden of an implausible 
target for broad money. 

Monetary targets, as Herr Poeh 1 
underlined yesterday, can be very 
useful things. Following the 
Bundesbank's fortnightly press con- 
ference, be was telling the world that 
Germany will overshoot its main 
money target this year, for the first 
time for eight years. But whereas the 
Bank of England will be getting 
together with the Treasury in the next 
few weeks to devise the best method 
of expunging sterling M3 from the 
collective monetary memory, the 
Bundesbank will probably respond to 
this year's overshoot with a tightening 
of monetary policy next year. 

Monetary targets have been useful 
to the Germans, and no more so than 
this year. Without the supporting 
evidence of a significant money 
supply overshoot, the Bundesbank 
might have found it harder to resist 
pressure from Washington to trim the 
German discount rate. As it is, the 
discount rate looks stuck at 3.5 per 

Britain's monetary targets have 
often acted as Aunt Sallies for the 
markets. They have suffered from 
credibility problems from the 

Yesterday in the markets, there 
were no tears shed for tbe Governor's 
farewell to sterling M3. A year ago, 
everyone thought that the Chancellor 
had consigned the errant broad ag- 
gregate to the monetary saltmines. 
That said, the jettisoning of any 
formal constraint, even one that has 
been palpably ignored when it has 
suited the Treasury to do so, tends to 
confirm the market's suspicions that 
winning the forthcoming election now 
takes precedence over everything else. 

Gilts and the pound were looking 
troubled yesterday, when both the US 
dollar and the US bond market 
suddenly took on a healthier glow. 
The dollar and bonds benefited from 
the sell-off in Tokyo, which appears to 
have been inspired by fears that the 
Japanese government is about to 
introduce a capital gains tax directed 
at share profits. Japanese buying 
power is expected to shift to New 
York where the initial benefits could 
be seen in the bond market and at next 
month's auctions of Federal debt. 
h Nearer home the trade deficit of 
£877 million last month, and the 
current account deficit of £277 mil- 
lion, were worse than market expecta- 
tions. Compared with the August 
catastrophe, when trade was in the red 
by £1.49 billion, things improved, but 

clearly by not enough. The balance of 
payments will remain a worry until 
the Treasury's looked-for export 
boom becomes a little plainer. 

The sterling index slipped from 67.6 
to 67.5 and gilts lost half a point or 
more. Money market interest rates 
edged up by an eighth, reversing the 
trend of the past few days, although 
not yet by enough to spark off any new 
base rate worries. 

Steinberg’s threat 

Few people viewed Mercury, one of 
the chief British hopes in the new 
revolutionized City, with much sym- 
pathy when Saul Steinberg, the ruth- 
less US arbitrageur, first bought his 
holding in the company 1 1 months 

If there were any doubt then over 
Mr Steinberg’s motives, there can be 
little doubt now. In recent months 
most merchant bank shares have 
caught a cold, and the larger ones tend 
to have caught something correspond- 
ingly heavier. Nevertheless, the clever 
Mr Steinberg had still managed to 
make a profit on his Mercury invest- 
ment of ab^ut £1 a share — the 
calculations are complicated by the 
three-way merger that formed Mer- 
cury International — before he made 
his latest announcement. Mercury's 
nerves are stretched to breaking point 
before Big Bang. What better time for 
Mr Steinberg to frighten the life out of 
them by ripping up his "gentlemen's 
agreement” not to increase his stake. 

It is hardly conceivable that he is 
seriously interested in taking over the 
financial services conglomerate that 
embodies the Big Bang philosophy. It 
would be far simpler to cause a leap in 
the market price and then scare the 
company into mustering its friends to 
buy him out at an even better price. So 
far, stage one has been a runaway 
success. Overnight, Mercury shares 
leapt by 40p to 375p, though they fell 
back during the day to around 360p. 

The threat to buy more than 1 5 per 
cent of the company should still be 
taken seriously but it raises interesting 
questions for the Bank of England and 
the City. The Banking Act requires 
anyone taking a 1 5 per cent stake in a 
bank to inform the Bank of England. 

If however, the Bank decides Mr 
Steinberg is a wholly inappropriate 
person for Mercury to have as its 
largest shareholder, there is little it can 
do. The only concrete sanction it has 
— should Mr Steinberg decide to 
ignore the Governor’s eyebrows — is 
to withdraw Mercury’s banking li- 

So should there be special rules to 
stop this sort of ungentleraanly behav- 
iour towards British financial institu- 
tions? The answer must surely be no, 
as long as there are no similar 
protections available for other kinds 
of British company. 

Sydney launches Liffe bond link 

From Richard Lander, Sydney 

A new piece in the global 
financial futures jigsaw fell 
into place yesterday when the 
Sydney Futures Exchange 
(SFE) started trading US Trea- 
sury Bond Futures in line with 
the London International 
Financial Futures Exchange 

The contract, fully fungible 
with the identical instrument 
traded in London, got off to a 
healthy start with more than 
oOO lots changing hands 
within half an hour of the 8am 
start. Business was opened by 
Mr Brian Williamsons, the 
chairman of Liffe, who rang a 
bell which was presented to 
the SFE as a memento. 

Exchange officials said they 
were delighted with tbe total 
day's volume of 2.100 lots, 
having expected to trade some 
1.500 contracts, each worth 
US$100,000 (£71,000) par 
value. . 

The new contract marks the 
first international instrument 
traded by the SFE and the first 
link for both markets. Next 
week the two exchanges join 
forces again when the SFE 
launches a tiuwMnomh Euro- 
dollar contract. The Sydney 
market completes a mo of 
launches on November 20 
with a gold contract that will 
be fully fungible with the New 
York Comex. 

Mr Les Hoskins, chief exec- 
utive of SFE. said he expected 
the T-Bond contract io be the 
most successful of the three 
new ventures. “Given the sae 
of the cash market in T-Bonds 
in Tokyo, we hope to achieve 

5.000 contracts a day in the 
near future, a level we regard 
as an international barometer 
of success.” he said- 

Uffe trades an average of 

8.000 T-Bond contracts on the 
Chicago Board of Trade 
(CBOT). It is the most ac- 
tively-traded interest rate con- 
tract in the world 

The link between the SFE 
and Liffe. which enables con- 
tracts to be bought on one 

exchange and sold on the 
other, effectively produces a 
angle 17-hour market in T- 
Bonds with all clearing done 
by the International Com- 
modities Clearing House. 

With the inclusion of the 
Chicago markets, T-Bonds 
can be traded for almost 22 
hours a day. A three-way 
fungible link with the CBOT is 
under investigation. 

The Sydney interest rate 
contracts will’ provide direct 
competition in the Asian time 
zone for the Singapore Inter- 
national Monetary Exchange 
(Simext Simex started T- 
Bond trading earlier this 


Sunday. October 26th , is Bus Deregulation Day 
(outside London). 

This simply means that there will no longer be 
unnecessary restrictions over starting a new bus service. 

It’s a radical step so. naturally its one which comes 
with some conditions. But provided you meet those 
conditions and have safe and suitable vehicles, you can 

You don’t need traditional buses. A coach, a minibus, 
or even a taxi will do. Any vehicle, in fact, which meets 
the safety requirements for the job you have in mind. 

In order to register a new service, you will need a 
Public Service Vehicle (PSV) operator's licence, and 
you must have adequate maintenance arrangements. 
Whoever drives your bus must also hold a PSV driver's 

The Transport Act 1985 means that bus operators 
have much more freedom to run local bus services. 

A broad network of deregulated services has already 
been set up to meet consumer needs. 

But in this competitive environment, there are 
plentyof opportunities for new entrants. 

Perhaps you could find a gap in the current services. 
Outperform an existing operator on price and quality. 
Provide a service that’s more tailored to local needs. Or 
bid fora subsidised local authority bus contract. 

So long as you are within the safety and licensing 
requirements, opportunities are now there. 

If you are interested, complete this coupon and 
you'll be sent free booklets which will answer your 
questions in detail 



To; Department of Transport. 

PO Box 78. Camberley. Surrey GU15 3DL. 



I Postcode. 


Apptas ns Grat BrtoM ooljt 






:* A r. 


" m i »Yr>£i it * tft: i e ‘j ju ui« c w 

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recent issues 

traditional options 

Locker shares jump on hopes 


AngHo Secs (ttSp) 
ACPMNWU 0<5p) . 

of Simon Engineering bid 

Aopteyawi Pwtf 
Baker Hams Sndr (iTOp) 
Qesverco (I45pl 
Berry. Bffdi&NoM (115p) 

Cnygrpve poop) 
Cretgmon Late p30p) 
Eura Home (1600) 

Great Southern [135p} 
Guthrie Corp |l50p) 

Hemson P50p) 

Hughes Food (20pl _. . 

imertink Express (i85p) 
Local Lon Go 
WWriporaugh Tech (HOp) 
Mecca Leisure (i35p) 
Mdter & Santhouse pOSp) 

By Michael Clark and Carol Leonard 


- Shares of little Thomas 
Locker, the filtration engineer, 
were flying last night with 
dealers talking of a possible 
bid soon from its bigger rival 
gisuon Eadneerinc. 

Locker's all-important or- 
dinary shares, which carry the 
votes, leapt 8p to 36p - just 4p 
short of their year's high — 
while the non-voting “A" 
shares jumped 6p, to equal 
their peak of 33p. At this level, 
the entire group carries a 
price-tag of £1 3.3 million and 
has often been mentioned as a 
likely suitor for Simon. By 
contrast Simon, whose in- 
terests stretch from making 
specialist machinery to pro- 
cess plant contracting, storage 
and oil services, is capitalized 
at £156 million. 

1 But. despite its size. Simon 
is still regarded as vulnerable 
and has had its name linked in 
the past with Hawker 
Sidddev. Simon's share price 
jumped 20p on Wednesday 
with market men claiming 
that a bid was close. Last 
night, the price fell lOp to 
253p as word went round it 
was now ready to bid for 
Locker. Most observers would 
regard any acquisition by 
Simon, at this stage, as a 
purely defensive move. 

Volume was pushing a 
record low in the rest of the 
equity market with traders 
still preoccupied with their 
Big Bang systems. 

institutional investors refus- 
ing to deal until next week and 
another disappointing set of 
trade figures dampening the 
scenario still further. 

Hie market looks unlikely 
to be any busier today, with 
some traders closing down 
their dealing facilities early 
because of the- lack of new- 
time buying. 

As one fund manager said to 
a broken “You don't spend 
money in the shops if the sales 
are starting next week.” 

The FT 30 share index 
opened down 2.9 and slithered 
steadily lower, to close at 
1.249.9, down 12.5. The FT- 
SE 100 share index dosed at 
1.572.5, down 17.1. 

Gilts lost early rises, to dose 
up to £1 lower. 

Among the leaders. ICI lost 



SHARE INDEX gg.fy/ $3 £ 

May Jun 

' Aug ‘ Sep ’ Ocr 

• It looks as though the 
race is on for control of Crown 
Tele vision Productions, 
the commercial and corporate 
video producer. The word 
is that Crown had a visit ear- 
lier this week from Mr Pe- 
ter Gammer, chairman of 
Shandwick, the (JSM- 
q no ted pabihr relations 

15p to l,077p, Glaxo lOp to 
930p. Beecham lOp to 415p 

and Tate & Lyle 9p to 55 lp. 

HQlsdown Holdings, the 
acquisitive Fresh-Laid eggs- 
lo- furniture group which 

cleared hs debts by raising 
£150 million last week, eased a 
couple of pence to I98p as 
speculators tried to guess what 
its next target would be. 

Joint chairman, Mr Harry 
Solomon and finance director, 
Mr John Jackson, spent the 
day at Wood Mackenzie's 
Wood Street offices on 
Wednesday where they held a 
series of institutional meetings 
with more than a dozen 
different fund managers. 

Hillsdown is expected to get 
an ADR facility before the end 
of the month, but the two 
directors steered fund man- 
agers away from thoughts that 
their next acquisition might be 
in the US. 

“They said they were ex- 
tremely wary about expanding 
in the US and that there were 
plenty of opportunities in 

Peachey Property Corporation pic 

Net rents increase as 
investment programme 

Net rents increased 45% to £11^03,000. 

Pre-tax profits of £10,237,000 almost equalled 
the record 1985 level. 

Total property assets increased to &182m. 

Net assets per share up 10% to 358p. 

Recommended total dividend 9p per share 
1985 -8p. 


*11.2 m 

If you would likea copy ofour Report and Accounts for 1986, please write 
to the Secretary at 19 Sloane Street, London SWIX 9NE. 



Petroleum Development Limited has applied 
to the Secretary of State for Energy for 
authorisation under section ip) of the Pipe- 
Lines Act 1962 for the construction of a 
cross-country pipe-line to convey crude oil 
between that Company's Gathering Station 
at Wytch Farm Dorset and the Terminal of BP 
Oil Limited at Hamble, Hampshire and objec- 
tions have been made to the proposal, the 
Secretary of State has directed that a public 
inquiry be held. The inquiry will be held at 
the Avon country Gub, 242 Christchurch 
Road. Ringwood, Hampshire on December 
9th 1986atl0am. 

A member of the Department of the 
Environment's Planning Inspectorate has been 
appointed by the Secretary of State for Energy 
to hold the inquiry which will be held in 
accordance with the Pipe-Lines (Inquiries 
Procedure) Rules 1967, S1 1967 No.1769. 

BP Petroleum Development Limited has 
requested the Secretary of State; if he auth- 
orises the construction of the proposed pipe- 
line, to authorise it along a modified route at 
the following locations, viz> 

(a) between a point in Old Ram Plantation 
(tothe north ofCold Harbour Road, Wareham) 
and a point south of Lower Pond near 

Wfcreham (south west of the B3075); and 

(b) between a point east of the A31 
Trunk Road at Fern down and a point west of 
the A3 38 Trunk Road. 

Notice of these departures from the route 
delineated on the maps which accompanied 
the application has been given to the land- 
owners and occupiers concerned and oppor- 
tunity for objection thereto will be afforded 
at the public inquiry The modified route 
referred to above is shown on the maps 
deposited at the offices listed in the attached 

A copy of the application and accompany- 
ing plans and book of reference may be 
inspected at the offices listed in the attached 

A copy of the maps showing that part of 
the route of the proposed pipe-line which 
runs through the area of each county council 
affected, can also be inspected at the offices 
of the council, as set out in the Schedule 

Dated 22nd October 1986 

D. R. Clementson 

Head of Pipe-Unes Inspectorate 


Department of Energy 
Room 1076. 

Thames House South, 

London 5W1P4QJ . 

WSmbome District Council 
Council Offices, 


Wrmbome BH21 4HN 

BP Petroleum Development Limited, 
Furzebrook Road, 


Dorset BH2D5BT 

Dorset County Cound, 
County Hall 
Collaton park, 
Dorset DTI 1X1 

New Forest District Council 
Apple tree Coun, 


Hants $04 7PA 

Hampshire County Counat, 
The Castle. 

Hants S0238UJ 

Christchurch Borough Cound, 
Gvic Offices, 

Bndge Street 
Chnstchurch BH23 1AZ 

BP Oil Limited, 

Ha mfcrfe Terminal 
Hamble Lane, 


Southampton 503 5NR 

Purbeck District Council 
Westport House. 

Dorset BH204PP 

Eastleigh Borough CoundL 
Cwic Offices. ■ 

Leigh Road. 

Eastleigh S05 4YN 

Messrs. Moore & Blatdi 
48 High Street 

Hants 504 9ZQ 

Messrs. Savills, 
Wessex House. 
Dorset BH21 IPS 

Britain,” said Mr Robert 
Brand, the leading food sector 
analyst at Wood Mackenzie. 

“We have got acquisitions 
in the pipe line, both food and 
non-food,” admits Mr Sol- 

• Stone International, the 
world's largest maker of rail- 
way air-coaditioning, wiB 
announce a lucrative contract 
later today for motorway 
indicators on the M25. The 
contract, from the Depart- 
ment of Transport is believed 
to be worth £855,000. 

Stone's shares eased 4p to 
148p yesterday. 

ihesL losing !5p to 658p. Shell 
dipped Sp to 9l5p. Lasmo 6p 
to 9l5p. Briton 5ptO 135pand 
I C Gas 3p to 570p. 

Stores had another bad day 
in response to the increase in 
mortgage rates. Moss Bras fell 
lOp to 490p. Barton 8p to 
266p. W H Smith “A” shares 
6p to 254p. Woolworth 5p to 
630p and Storehouse 5p to 

Hawker Sklddey was worst 
hit among mechanical en- 
gineers. falling a further 8p to 
make a two-day decline of 
40p. after disappointing re- 
sults. The stock is now down 
to a new all-time low of4Q7p. 

Granada fell 4p to 268p 
after an article in this column 
yesterday highlighting that the 
Rank Organisation may have 
disposed of the 3 per cent 
stake it acquired during its 
abortive. £750 million bid 
earlier this year. Granada now 
confirms that Rank no longer 
holds any shares in the group 
and claims the 12.5 million 
shares were taken up by Rowe 
&. Pitman, the broker, which 
has been gradually placing 
them with clients. 

Last week. Granada's shares 
were trading at about the 282p 

Newage Trans (75 P) 
Raoamec Gp (90p) 
Rotunda i 

Hyman (110p) 

Sandal Parkins fl35rt 
Scot Mtge 100% *2S 
















165 +3 

100 +10 

102 -'2 
SO'.' -1 '2 


TS8( Group lOOp) 80 ‘ ^ 

mantes tv (i90p) 

Trcas sHMI 2016 =97 £92»w-^ 

Unflock (63p) 

WMmey Mackay (I60p) 

Yakwton OBp) 
Yorkshire TV (125p) 


Beltway N/P 
Brown kent N/P 
Lawrence (Wjafter N/P 
Lasuretime F/P 
Norfolk Cap N/P 
Parrish (J t) tip 
Ptangnum N/P 

Stefie N/P 
Tflbury F/P 

(Issue price in brackets). 

1- 1 




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level following its acquisition 
of Laskys. the loss-making 
audio and video chain, from 
Ladbroke for £30 million. 

It was financed by a bought 
deal arranged by Salomon 
Bros, the New York invest- 
ment tanker, which placed the 
10.6 million new Granada 
shares with clients. 

Mecca, the night club to 
bingo hall group, which made 
its debut on the stock market 
yesterday, opened at I46p. an 
1 lp premium to its 13Sp offer 
price, before settling back at 

omon, “but there is nothing 
imminent We may buy some- 
thing in the US, but we’re not 
going to make a mega-bid 
there. We’ll probably do 
something over here first” 

Companies tipped as pos- 
sible targets for Hillsdown 's 
attentions include Bassett and 
DaJgety, both unchanged at 
i95p and 288p, respectively. 
Unigate, up Sp at 303p and 
Hamsons & Crosfidd, the 
overseas trader, which slipped 
6pto420paftera 21 p rise the 
previous day. 

Bernard Matthews, the tur- 
key group. which Hillsdown is 
also thought to have cast a 
covetous eye over, spurted 
27p to 268p following a com- 
pany visit by James CapeL the 
broker and news of a markei- 

tot— Dec mr Jm 










Grand Met 

144p, a 9p premium. 

Talk of a possible bid for 
Mecca from Rank continues. 
“It would make sense,” said 
one top leisure analyst. 
“Mecca is fundamentally 
cheap.” Rank eased 7p to 

Consolidated Gold Fields, 
the mining finance group 
which has been the centre of 
recent takeover speculation, 
came in for profit-taking. Buz 
dealers said that this was 
expected after the shares' re- 
cent strong run and so near the 
end of the account. The shares, 
hit 655p before encountering 
renewed support at the lower 
levels and increased turnover 
-on the traded options market 
The price finished above its 
worst levels of the day, only 5p 
lower at 659p. 

Dealers are still convinced 
that something is being 
hatched behind the scenes and 
they are not ruling out the 
possibility of Mr Hany 
Oppenheimer’s Anglo-Ameri- 
can Corporation of South Af- 
rica making a full bid. 

n sa - i 

SO 68 - 3 

42 52 70 15 

20 32 48 35 

Cadbury Scftwpps 150 32 38 <2 3 7 

11851 « tt * 3) ] j; 

1 ^ 200 4% 14 21 1* 

ing agreement with H J Heinz 
of Canada. 

of Canada. 

"If I had to put my money 
on one company I would go 
for Daigety,” says Mr Brand 
“It might not be their next 
acquisition, but I think it 
might be their next major 

Elsewhere in the food sector 
Bejam firmed another 2p to 
!67p oh speculation that Ice- 
land Frozen Foods may be 
about to bid The shares 
continue to rain ground de- 
spite word from Mr John 
Apthorp, the Bejam chairman, 
that the company has not had 
talks with Iceland “for many 

Oils were knocked by profit- 
taking and doubts about the 
Opec agreement. BP fell fur- 





























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Consolidated Crds 

Co-operative Bank 

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Hong Kong & Shanghai... 

Lloyds Baik 

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Royal Bank of Scotland 


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Mortage Base Rate. 


Krugerrand* (jMr court; 

S4aJXM2tOO {£28728289 2S) 
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□ctooer 7. i986 Siauavei 10256 oer 




on behalf of 

Peterborough Traders Ltd. 
a wholly-owned subsidiary of 


to acquire up to 23,422,879 ordinary shares in 


investment TRUST plc 


12 NOON ON MONDAY, 27 OCTOBER 1985 V* ■ 

County Limited ■ 
Drapers Gardens 
12 Throgmorton Avenue 
London EC2P 2ES 

■ by telephoning 01 638 6000 (extension 8610) during office h'diit# 

^ 1 * bmral ^ , TO1 „, ^ ^ 





proved wrong 

After its narrow escape this 
year from two unwelcome 
predators, Williams Holdings 
and Evered, in quick succes- 
sion. McKechnie Brothers 
can heave a big sigh of relief 
and get on with running the 

But there is litiledoubt that 
McKechnie has been badly 
shaken and is now thor- 
oughly conscious of the need 
jo have its virtues recognized 
by the City and its sharehold- 
ers. It recognizes the need for 
a strong performance to 
avoid future predatory 

Yesterday's preliminary re- 
sults were a good start. The 
-market was pleased, pushing 
the shares up 5p to 238 p. 

The effect of disposals, 
closures and adverse ex- 
change rates caused turnover 
for the year to July 31 to fell 
by 4 per cent to £212 million. 
Pretax profits, however, rose 
by 16 percent to £19 million. 

The improvement in prof- 
its would have been even 
greater had it not been for 
exceptional items of £1 mil- 
lion charged above the line 
and currency fluctuations, 
which reduced profit by 

The exceptional com- 
prised redundancy andk re- 
organization costs of £1.3 
million and a charge of 
£900.000 for stock depreci- 
ation. due to lower metal 
prices. Partly offsetting these 
two items, both of which 
should be non-recurring, was 
a credit of £1.2 million of 
pension holiday, which is 
expected to recur next year as 
a similar amount. 

The group also had an 
extraordinary charge of £4 
million of which £1.9 million 
was the cost of defending 
itself against the takeover 
bids. The balance was closure 
and disposal costs. 

The company’s strategy is 
dear. No less than 49 per cent 
of profits comes from plastics 
and consumer products in 
Britain, which will increase as 
the company gradually dis- 
tances itself from its tra- 
ditional metal-bashing 
activities. Its latest ac- 
quisition, PSM. for £24 mil- 
lion, provides exposure to 
new markets in the United 
States and Far East, increas- 
ing opportunities for 

McKechnie has come 
through a peak in the replace- 
ment of plant and machinery 
in plastics and consumer 
products and its equipment is 
efficient and has a long life 
ahead of it. Despite this, it 
has reduced its gearing from 
21 percenlto 16 per cent and 
is modernizing its plant at 
McKechnie Metals, spending 
£S million over two years. 

Pretax profit looks set to 
grow further this year to 
£23.5 million. Earnings 
growth will be less spectacu- 
lar as the tax charge is likely 
to rise to near 35 per cent 
compared with 28 per cent 
last year. 

hst of other disposals and 
acquisitions, .which num- 
bered in their mid-leens. 

For a worthwhile analysis, 
investors must wait until the 
■till year and the balance 
sheet, which will give details 
of the movements on re- 
serves and other telling 

Meanwhile, what emerged 
yesterday gives, at face value, 
a misleadingly bearish im- 
pression. Pretax profits for 
the half-year to June 30 came 
out at £25.4 million, com- 
pared with £44.2 million last 
time, after a sharply lower 
contribution from associates. 

This totalled only £62 
million. compared with £25.4 
million. The bottom line 
shows earnings per share of 
7-3p, compared with ! 1.6p. B 
& C says that there is an 
underlying improvement of 
some £6 million in profits 
from group operations. 

The market gave a cautious 
response to the figures, but 
long-term holders should 
wait and see what impetus 
Mr John Gunn, the new chief 
executive, manages to inject 

Gerrard & 


Gerrard & National, the dis- 
count house, has produced an 
interim statement which 
probably everyone -entering 
the new gilt-edged market on 
Monday would wish to have 
avoided — but it is certainly a 
good deal better than many of 
ns rivals. 

Group profits for the six 
months to October 6, the 
company says, were small. 
The directors have therefore 
decided to pay an unchanged 
interim dividend of 3p. 

The stock market paid very 
little heed to this, marking 
the shares down a mere 2p to 
272p. even though it must 
have been a considcrbalc 
disappointment after the 100 
per cent profit rise achieved 
over the whole of last year. 

The reason is that this 
interim performance was 
hardly a surprise. In common 
with many gilt market op- 
erators, Gerrard judged ear- 
lier in the year that interest 
rates were heading down 
rather than up. It was wrong. 

It had expected base rates 
of around 8.5 per cent by the 
year-end but is now faced 
with something nearer 112$ 
per cent Gilt yields in- 
evitably rose during the six 
month period, from 8.85 per 
cent in July to 1 1.75 percent 
by October in the one-year 

That Gerrard made any 
profit at all under these 
conditions is something of an 
achievement. Some huge 
losses have been whispered 
about the market in recent 
months, with the redoubtable 
Merrill Lynch the most fre- 
quently mentioned name. 

The discount bouse is now 
sounding outwardly con- 
fident of its prospects as one 

ihF’lhxrn "oilman ‘earninel WE 27 fZSSSSXZ 

" is amKtipisly aiming <o 

prospective yield is more 
than 6 per cent and twice 
covered. The downside looks 

British & 


Lord Cayzcr. the chairman of 
British & Commonwealth 
Shipping, gave a warning 
earlier this year that it might 
be difficult to make sense of 
the group’s profit figures in 
what he described as a year of 
transformation. It would be 
nccccssary to look beyond 
earnings per share to measure 
B&Cs performance, he said. 

There have been major . again. 


disposals of associate hold- 
ings in companies such as 
Exco and OCL which made 
big contributions last time. 
Teleratc shares have been 
sold and. all in all. analysts 
were yesterday pointing to a 

trade the full range of slocks, 
though it is not going for an 
enormous market share. 

But however able a com- 
pany like Gerrard looks in 
comparison with compet- 
itors, guessing the right value 
for its shares can be no more 
than that 

The sharp drop in prof- 
itabiility shows that the dis- 
count houses still suffer from 
their traditional earnings 
volatility. There is little rea- 
son to suppose that this will 
diminish after Monday. 

The good news, however, is 
that the outlook for gilt prices 
is generally bullish. The ex- 
perts may have got it wrong 
but most of them 

expect interest rates to 
weaken from their current 
level over the next few 
months. That should give the 
new gilts market valuable 
help, and houses like Gerrard 
should benefit accordingly. 

Plessey wins £2m ‘breakthrough’ deal 

Plessey. the telecommuni- 
cations company, yesterday 
announced a £2 million con- 
tract in Oman which it de? 
scribed as “a big break- 
through” and the biggest order 
of its type won by the com- 
pany in the Arab world. - 
II took nine months of 
negotiations to obtain the 
contract for several integrated 
services digital exchanges, 
involving some 6.000 tele- 
phone lines. A company 
spokesman said there was a 
possibility of further orders 
when the network was 

In brief 

Gerrard & National 



T^Company sysarslcnledono most promiang note but 

then trading conditions worsened as further reductions in 
interest rates tailed to materialise. United Kingdom fixed 
interest markets became volatile and then deteriorated 

rapidly GroupproUlstorthe brst six months oltheyear are 


The Directors have deat^fopcry cm mlfflimdividendcHi 

the recently increased capital in respect of the hall year 
to 5lh October 1986 ol 3p per share (1985: 3p per share) 
■Which will cost £1.143426. The dividend will be paid on 
3rd December 1986 to members on toe register at the 
dose ol business on 7ih November 1986 Transfer books 
win be closed tor the day on 10th November 1986. 

It is not the practice ol toe Company to send toe half 
yearly report to shareholders but n is published in 
recognised Imanctal newspapers and copies ol it are 
available to the public at the Company's registered 
cfeca.32 Lombard Street. London EC3V 9BE 


Third-quarter results. Net in- 
come S3 1.6 million (£22.06 
million}, against $114.4 million 
and net income per share 25 
cents ($1.00). Consolidated sales 
$2.2 billion ($2 billion). 

Ratners’ subsidiary. H Samuel, 
will redeem all its outstanding 
£714,000 6.3 per cent, first 
mortgage debenture stock, 
1985/90. at par on January 26. 

Year to March 31. Total divi- 
dend unchanged at I2p. Turn- 
over £22.77 million (£24.17 
million). Pretax profit £4.02 
million (£3.82 million) and 
earnings per share 50.6p (47. 2p). . 

The corporation has announced 
plans to remove all short-term 
debt from its balance sheet 
through refinancing. 

TION: The company, formerly 
Li bbey-Owen s-Ford Co, the US- 
based distributor and manufac- 
turer of power and motion 
control products, is seeking a 
listing on the London Stock 
Exchange on November 3. 

• ORD MINNETT: Thise Syd- 
ney-based international invest- 
ment banker and stockbroker 
will become a member of the 
London Stock Exchange from 
next Monday. 

The company has won an export 
order worth £15 million to 
supply avionics for the F-SE 
fighter aircraft. 

Charles Openshaw and Sons 
(Manchester), a subsidiary of 
Wolstenholme Rink, has pur- 
chased Graph icon International 
Holdings for £1-2 million cash. 
Graph icon (trading as 
Agaprinia-Grifnn ana AC 
Wjeser) is a private company, 
formerly of London und now in 
Rochdale. Lancashire, where it 
carries on a business in the 
processing and distributing of 
products for the printing 

The company has been awarded 
a contract for a SL-100 large 
private automatic branch ex- 
change (PABX) to be supplied 
to the Central Computer and 
Telecommunications Agency 
(CCTA) in Britain, the CCTA, 
an agency of the Treasury, is 
responsible for advisutg and 
supporting Government depart- 
ments in the identification and 
assessment of information tech- 
nology applications and in the 
selection of systems and equip- 
ment. The SL-100 tandem 
switch will be located in London 
and comes into service in July. 
1987. It will connect central 
Government's PABXs into the 
Government nationwide tele- 
phone network and will initially 
handle 3.000 trunk lines. 

Hollis is making an offer for the 
share capital of Grosvenor and 


is seeking to a meeting with the 
board of grosvenor and its 
advisers as soon as possible. 
Terms: for every four ordinary 
shares in Grosvenor. seven new 
ordinaries in Hollis. Grosvenor 
holders will be able to receive 
their consideration wholly or 
partly in cash at 135p per shard 
Hollis has received an irrevo- 
cable undertaking to accept in 
respect of 635,898 Grosvenor 

shares (10.2 per cent) and a 
further irrevocable undertaking 
to accept the cash alternative for 
138. 139 Grosvenor shares (123 
per cent). These undertakings 
also incorporate options exercis- 
able by Hollis to acquire these 
shares for considerations 
equivalent to those available 
under the offer and cash alter- 
native respectively. Hollis also 
owns 1 60.000 Grosvenor shares 
(2J6 per cent). 

• PPL HOLDINGS: Kalon of 
Canada has acquired PPL's 
Canadian subsidiary. Norampac 
Software, which has become 
PPL's distributor m North 
America. The principal element 
of the consideration is the 
guarantee by Kalon of 
Noram par’s obligation to repay 

to PPL a loan of Can$500,000 
(£25 1,000V 

Talks have started which may 
lead to the utilization of the 
group's US lax losses. 

Aug. 31. No dividend (0.3p). 
Turnover £9.01 million (£8.46 
million). Profit, before tax and 
extraordinary items. £155.000 
(£65,000 loss). Extraordinary 
income, nil (£169.000 credit). 
Earnings per share 3.8Sp 


has been accepted for J26 
million preference shares (96 J9 
per cent). It is now uncondi- 
tional in all respects and re- 
mains open until further notice. 
The offer for the ordinary shares 
not already owned became un- 
conditional on Sepi. 25 and 
remains open. 

• BROWNLEE: Meyer 

international's offer has been 
accepted for 21.96 million or- 
dinary shares (about 91.9 per 
cent). The ordinary offer, 
including the loan-note alter- 
native, will remain open until 
further notice. 

The offer for Nowfront (the 
holding company of Richards. 
Longstaff) has been accepted for 
1 86. 1 34 shares (99.5 per cent). It 
is now unconditional and will 
remain open until further 

TRUST: The trust reports the 
forward funding of Nightingale 
House, its new office scheme in 
Cuizon St. London. Completion 
is expected towards the end of 

• BARLOWS: Half-year to 
June 30. Turnover £166,944 
(£258.956). Loss before tax 
£5,666 (£14.089 profit). Extraor- 
dinary profit (less tax), nil 
(£313.325). Loss per stare be- 
fore extraordinary profit. 2.0p 
(earnings of 3.4p); after extraor- 
dinary profit. —Op (earnings of 
1 1 1.4p). 

• INCH CAPE: In Australia, 
Macdonal Hamilton, a subsid- 
iary of Inchcape. has bought the 
office products division of the 
Delairco Group for Aus$9.5 
million (£4 million). Inchcape 
has been granted the franchise 
for Ihe import and distribution 
of all Tovota vehicles and spare 

pans in Greece from January 1, 
representing an initial invesi- 
mem in properties and other 
fixed assets of £4.4 million. 

In the recent rights issue. 3.97 
million new shares (89.2 per 
cem) were taken up. The bal- 
ance of 483.208 was sold in ihe 
market and the excess over the 
subscription price (net of ex- 
penses) of 5.64p per share, win 
be distributed among the orig- 
inal allottees. Amounts of less 
than £2 will be retained for the 
benefit of Western. 

• Carlton industries: 
Six months io June 30. No 
dividend (nil). Sales £69.52 
million (£65.28 million). Pretax 
profit £8.29 million (£6.68 mil- 
lion). Earnings per share I6.2p 

17. acceptances had been re- 
ceived for 2.54 million ordinary 
shares (91.5 per cem of the 
ordinal? shares offered in the 
rights issue). The balance of 
236.595 shares has been allotted 
to APA Holdings. Since Septem- 
ber 25, APA has bought 330.000 
ordinary shares, bringing its 
total holding to 7.36 million 
ordinaries (44. 1 3 per cent) . 

SETS TRUST: Six months to 
September 30. Pretax profit 
£76.000 (£46.0001 Earnings per 
share 0.07p (0.03p). Net asset 
value per share I3p (Lip). 

The company has won a con- 
tract worth £1.5 million a year 
for the origination, printing, 
binding ana nationwide dis- 
tribution of 1.4 million monthly 
'Candis booklets' from New tall 

PANY: Six months to June 30. 
Pretax profit £731.000 
(£735.000). Earnings per share 
3.94p (3.75p). 


James Halstead Group: Mr 
Geoff Bates has been made 
financial director, Conway 
Leisure Products. 

Scandinavian Bank: Mr 
Tom Palmberg. a deputy 
managing director, has been 
appointed head of the inter- 
national division. 

Baker & McKenzie: Mr 
Gerald Cooke and Mr Philip 
Rutherford become partners. 

Stewart Wrightson Cor- 
porate Risks: Mr G Boden 
becomes chairman. Mr G £ 
Nixon chief executive, and Mr 
W G Davidson and Mr A P 
Gavaghan deputy chief exec? 
utives. Mr W M Barra tt. MT 
D A J Connor, Mr P A Daw- 
son, Mr D L Elliot; Mr I F‘ 
McDonald, Mr B E Payn, Mr 
IWG Sturrock, Mr J M“ 
West and Mr G R Whitfield- 
become directors. 

Richards and Appleby: Mi* 
Trevor D Johnson becomes' 
joint managing director. Mr 
Peter Crichton become deputy 
managing director. Standard' 
Soap. : 

RTS: Mr Hugh McCartney 
is made European managing 
director. ' 

Waterford Glass Group; Mr’ 
Howard E Kilroy become^ 
non-executive deputy chair- 
man. Mr Anthony Brophy* 
joins ihe board as financial- 
director. Mr William Powert 
becomes director and general" 
manager. Waterford Crystal. 'i 

Superior Care (New York)? 
Mr Charles McQueary be^ 
comes vice-president and; 
chieffinancia! officer. Mr Joel- 
W'ittman becomes vice-presi- 
dent. corporate development 
and Mr Neil Cook vice-; 
president. legal services and 
corporate secretary. * 

Our patch. 

When you're trading round the world 
for 24 hours a day, it’s not enough to stay 
wide awake. Though we do. 

Nor is it enough to invest in up-to-the- 
minute technology. Though we have. 

It’s not even enough to pick bright 
people. Though we've spent years gathering 
the brightest bunch in the business. 

You have to be at home in all the major 

Not just knowledgeable about them, 
but familiar with them. 

As members of the London and the 
New York Stock Exchanges, and proud 
owners of a licence to trade securities in 
Tokyo, the Kleinwort Benson Group is a 

permanent resident of the Big Three. . 

We have offices and subsidiaries through- 
out America, the Pacific Basin and Europe. 

By almost any yardstick, we're the 
biggest of Britain's merchant banks, so 
we've plenty of financial muscle. 

We underwrote over a third of the equity 
capital raised in the UK last year, more than 
any other firm. In the first half of this year 
we advised on over 30 UK takeover and 
merger transactions worth £8 billion. 

But we'd rather you loved us for our 
brains than our brawn. 

Did you know, for example, that 
many of the most sophisticated 'swaps' now 
in use were invented by our people in 

Los Angeles?- 

Or that Kleinwort Benson Government 
Securities in Chicago is a well-established 
primary dealer in the US Treasury market? 

We believe that, by merging with leading 
brokers Grieveson Grant, we've established 
a major world financial group. 

Banking, corporate finance, investment 
management, stockbroking, security 
dealing: we'll be happy to talk to you about 
any of them. 

And wherever we meet, we'll be on our 
home ground. 

Kleinwort Benson 

The bright people in the right places. 

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Bo Otter Qng 

aa Otter oa 0 

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Bd Otter Owg Y» / 


G#n*r# tec [«1 
Oq ton If 
Income Ptnl G 
Do Mean (3 
Do Mein p 
Do Man ft 

4 i sue 

2V5-3 £26-3 
3 440 3809 
9SL3 104 ?• 
1774 1070 
1317 137-4 
173 2 1823 
tn«7 T2-E7 

cub* isas 

Euf O pa*i Incan 
tt e m i Raid 

01 - 2*2 II *a 

CS Japan FaM 

. London WCTV 8P7 

7B7 837 +13 020 


WMS 3133 

Bsjeneea Oh he 4*0 J7.0# 

Do team *50 a am 

«eome oei me *00 *ia 

Do Mm < 2-2 «_9 

Screen cos me <u su< 

Do Man 502 53Ae 

5*urr ■NEsnar mbb ltd 
S£T ‘S*- foMMge, TM 1DY 


3813 2998 
Ml 3493 
713-6 2Z72 
1*48 164,0 
482 S10 
6*2 572# 
so sue 

-ML* 322 
*12 20* 
-a* 030 

*00 059 
+43 080 
+0.1 1.29 
-12 030 

CttHBLpe— 8|UWa8MHn 
JOB* 381 Bne Mata Londoi £ 
01-821 0011 

CMM 3M8 3842m 

kens 2722 2912# 

norm Mm ce n 2 B*jO sou 

htSs&r****™ 1 

OB Tout 322 902 


2 . Far* Skeet, London GC9Y 5*0 
01-580 1813 

In* Pond 4002 

beam T332 c 

Depose 1000 


Narrow Ran, i 
0000 373303 

EquBy apt Income 
European Gram 
Omni Ee*r 
Ottt Rrsdlnc 

Japan Gmei 

204 242 *02 120 

423 45.1 -0.1 420 

300 322# 220 

37 7 402 -02 2.70 

273 208 350 

22.7 232# BSe 

2*3 255 240 

313 30* +07 090 

232 200 -0.1 050 

+2.1 124 
+22 124 
-12 237 
-12 227 
+02 538 
+02 538 
-04 4.73 
-04 4.73 
-02 431 
-02 431 

+02 027 
*03 027 
-03 426 
+04 134 
+04 134 
+02 082 
+02 082 

11U 1283 +12 3.16 

2842 2227* -0.1 1.16 
2142 ZSSe -03 121 

481 aeeadkireli at EC3P MH 

flI JW <711 FYT 96B 

NR UK 1042 206.4c -03 200 

00 Men 3133 3334c -12 200 

NPI OWNS 8154 664.7# +42 0*0. 

Do Meun 7535 001 J# +24 020 

Far Em Me 88.1 942 010 

Mnrm Me 883 838 +0-1 VOO 

Bapnta 582 800# +04 080 

WrUM Me 530 672# +05 240 

£1106 1201 -005 079 

1953 1424* +12 L4B 

SB. tents Street London EC4N S *£ 
emEgi 0V238M8SW7/8W) 

HeCNtkttto Growth 1400 1680 +04 070 

Incoma 6 Gram 57.4 S1.4# -02 227 ! 

IMM* Use 930 1003 +03 041 

a m erces Gram 022 343# +02 _ 

JeeraQram su S6Jc +08 000 

Euapean Bmth 720 772 +02 121 

ScSon* 533 382 -02 0.17 

Paetee Grow* *60 *o* +08 

Hpikieana 341 305# -Oi 7.00 

Prececal Income S3 89.1# -o.i 1.78 

DO Accra 1012 10O5B -OI 178 

am Em i Am 630 BOS *12 074 

SSirYo- S3 ss as ss 

SF® ??S?K 

iS S3 3S& 

Am. London EC3A BBP 

a «U 672 +0-1 020 


GMi Fend me 603 052 -03 2.10 

Oo ACCOM 19*2 1420 -00 its 

mean# Rma 119.1 120 ?# -os 321 

teS Es**y ms 13*0 14340 +02 149 

□o MOM 1362 14*2# +06 148 

Unt Trust toe 127.1 1352 -04 208 

Do Mora 2Z01 294.1 -07 206 

Mental Howe. 1 FWdB tta*. BC«7 


01-248 1250 , 

SI K |gs 

&&■ ss-ss 

■war' »? jf *gg| 

tKtacSl? 012 06.4# -02 1-» 

sESoepe 732 708 -OLt 130 


-14 264 
-0.1 020 
+34 020 
-03 273 
-09 722 
+0.1 512 
-04 423 
+06 127 
+11 OX 

GHff ttwfl 

Garapeea QBi 

185.1 10620 
MU 1572 
86.1 71.0 
764 822 
709 828 
629 642b 

UK &»*» HU T756* -10 328 

GaARxed UU1UM -04 091 

UK SC* CM By 14U 15K2# 270 

European ZJ3J 22740 -10 1.M 

N Amerten 1121 TT90# +12 123 

Mk 1774 1882# +43 003 

Com 8 Opt 
Far raalim 


sartr 1 


> EC2V 6GU 

H77 mam -os 097 

008 852a +02 441 
872 1008# +03 82* 
1800 1812* +02 032 
1232 1332# -05 000 
672 722a -07 128 

1097 1182 +12 020 

870 SUB -02 467 

S.amfcta StEmma* 

031-228 4972 

0S7 r 702 +0J 020 

370 4006 -+04 078 
321 344 +03 023 

i arETEt 

UP 401 St Jem 


Income 0 Gram 

Japan mb Grand 
Nth Anar GroieOi 

Sector CD i 

OfeM me TM 
Spend SB Me 

403 610 
1590 1702# 
1652 1755 

650 570 

282.1 300.1 

404 422c 
1750 1800# 
n>4.6 m2 
1144 121.7 

214.1 227.7 
602 64.7# 

2902 3007 

-00 308 
-05 553 
-03 228 
-OI 2M 
-15 230 
-02 40B 
+17 088 
+10 151 
-Of 166 
-08 244 

Croon Haute. 
0*882 5033 

Htati Inco me Trast 
Gram True 

American TYu* 

237.4 2532* 
2102 2334 
1220 1313 

UK moons 
UK Growth , 

Do Oct 

Gaopeati Grow* i 

Pedhc Gram 

409 502 -03 447 

464 <80 -04 243 

*84 485 -04 243 

565 802 -00 103 

516 502 +07 

0242 521311 

UK Beamed me SOB 735 

Da Main mo 7*7 

UK Growth Mara 880 825 

UK tegn me tne 060 7Q8c 

N American Accun 664 TOB 

Far Eastern Mean KD0 1007 
Earapnan Memo 801 9*5 

UKW1 n me 51 3 547 

Do Atom 928 564 

400 47.TS +0.1 104 

615 86.0 +0.6 MLB* 

1190 128.1 +07 953 

«U 510 +02 376 

2804 2640 -04 100 

BWS. BMWM fieara.lG1 2DL 
01-476 3377 

9807 41400 -40 301 
107.7 1145 -04 053 

523 660 +02 008 

630 87.7# -02 653 
1005 1060 +10 000 

910 960# +30 056 

i SMC 9ks 60S 001 
UKSroMh 710 0U 

Hotoom Oar Tnm 1700 

S jSTSSf* ^ Lond ® 1 803 

01-423 0000 

»-*5 Gretfcm 8L London BC2V 7LH 
01-000 4177 

Amd m* t* me 

Do Mens 
mi ram toe 
Do Mcwa 

Japai Gram he 
Do Accssi 
tmaSmOtfs fee 
Da Aaara 
UK ea Qrowti he 
Do Acaen 

wertoeid * Teen me 390 425 
00 Mean *03 4 20 

207 22.1 • 1J6 

204 283a 

1273 135.6 +0.4 509 

2122 2385 +07 

KC7 1094 229 

1002 1192 

971 1020 +3.1 053 

875 1035 +30 

1577 1872# -0.1 10) 

206.0 2194 -OI 
Z7.1 29.0 O0« 

44.7 470 

390 425 +00 156 

403 420 +03 

FttWHdM, copea* Am. EC2R 7BE 

Do ham 


GN Trial 
CTxen Eqcky 
Nmitt Has 
N Mancan That 

2540 2827s 
4160 447.1 S 
SU 634 
757 815 
1067 1133S 
715 76JS 

Oram Unis 730 708a 

« S feed H 1045 1080 
Mga meame Unto 111.7 1ML7 
tSi Y»eW Gk Unt SOS 570 
to? Gram UrM 1300 1367 
N American Urtts 803 710 
Far East Urto 915 977 
Stator CM Fund 070 720 

89J 747S 
775 829 
605 642 

itofcorn Km. 262. Random bo. £7 
01-23* 55*4 

Mace d 1310 MQ0S -04 4.79 

091-227 4422 


wnenena Hao 77 London MM. London B3N 

+20 034 
+04 074 
+00 074 
+15 033 
♦17 033 
+01 105 
+00 105 

me Gram 
Martcan Growth 
Amman toe 
Euupaai Gram 
Goto ■ Nhanls 
Japan Gram 

303 350 +02 109 

835 870 +11 002 

390 740a +05 452 
2364 25 * am +0.1 023 
487 409 +07 009 

1452 156.1 +17 

Gained tot 
Growth Booty 
N AmancBi 

European Tnat 

1090 1140 -04 900 

1945 2084 -1.1 210 

2607 2794 -10 298 

1400 14000 +07 139 
2385 25350 +00 012 
2714 2880 -02 138 

2120 22500 +03 1.72 
2850 320 +00 100 


PO Bm 442 32 St itoy-nIM. Undon KT 

01-623 9333 

NWl Income 480 S28S -0.1 073 

NAtotr Thai 1060 11370 +07 002 

Hwmmy 2184 23240 +10 218 

am Tnat 385 370e -05 903 

a Vtocant toe 815 855 -03 547 

31 Vincent US Oft 73.1 780 +04 076 

Terapte Bar Sm Co's 1715 1805 . 332 

Tench Bar USM 

3805 36000 +402 307 

000 sue 

730 780- 
245 200 
323 8*00 
400 4570 

ZB Won SL I 

01-820 0311 

Do Mans 

1120 1107 -04 107 

1580 1663 -00 107 

67.1 9270 -04 458 

1020 10900 -04 408 

507 804 +05 036 

579 610 +04 095 


Europe#! Gram 

Aman ca c he TUJ 

Do Apam 1100 

BM tocoo* lee 1134 

- Do Aecan . . 1365 

Ganarto Ik* he 1301 

Do Aetna 2575 

Gar I Read me *50 

Dohoa 810 

hem 2157 

Acorn 33M 

Pddtfc toe 17T.1 

Do team 17V 

Indhe . 823.1 

Do Accaan 4024 

totochd OppataC 88* 

Do Acorn 705 

Nature Has 545 

Do Accm 684 

no. 81*10 IPG 


1214 +07 147 

1270 +00 147 

1207 -04 556 

1447 -00 508 

MB.1 -15 2J8 
2730 -47 289 

4700 801 

64.10 . .- 801 

2290 -87 45* 

3675 -10 40* 

1821 +26 Q5B 

1880 +20 000 
3*370 +21 1.15. 
43600' +80 1.16 
8600 -02 1.78 

75.10 -50 1.78 





BO 51 Feedback 75 

42 17*, FergeCrtx* 18 

133 123 tofipto) 125 

73 63 nacherOarny* 68 

85 31 Ratteen SO 

230 100 Hagia 230 

BO 30 FtoydOl to 

88 82 Rid I Western 82 

2*0 130 French Com 200 

123 65 n aOOOa 117 

338 210 Fitter SO01 A 333 

152 M G a WhCI 152 

09 00 270 
+*» 1.7 84 10 

’2 £ § 

05 72 Ofcbon Lycra 85 

T65 H» GtobsMa# 15S 

100 11 Gtoert HDoaa » 
00 32 <9<X>* Gd 44 

188 71 Godwin Matron 7a 

M3 88 Goemaad M US 
128 95 Gould (LlinncM 115 

£ .IS SMS? ,SS 

'SS S ’S 

IIS to'.- Amur Sa 88 

190 180 Guernsey Adercc 185 
98 » MBncdsn Honac — 90 

280 133 Harroy I Thomp 255 
255 198 Hnmoc* Even 235 
*8 28 Hsttm Caro 40 

480 363'! Heart* 430 

390 J93'i Do A LV S70 

150 143>, tandera on RMa i*5 
415 168 HolFPen 165 

20S 45 HraaandPvt 60 

91 85 A Ergonon 83 

30 Lj 7 Houon 25 

133 105 Hodman 130 

133 KB Hdrian Hrt m n 123 
158 Tip Homed tfeeacten 110 
28 22 Ifcgnas Food 27'; 

1+ 8*, HunCne Bee 8'i 



-0 258 

^ n 



» 43 


*2 14 




O 11 

0+5 80 

1 I 

01 37 (OS 
20 3314.1 

30 13 21.7 
40 37136 

168 115 Him# SapNr 

s » s&sr 5, j 

31 11 krone 

’IS *• W Son Energy 

103 66 KraRed 

353 190 tonrourapa Tech Z 

208 ISO kwrM. Enmn 2C 

32 21 broef (Jack U 2 

35S 233 js Pemctoey 35 
190 1 tfi James van 17 
28 2 Jebsans 

US 103 Johns#! 8 Joro 12 

120 73 Joh ns tone) Parts 10 
70 *8 Jim RuOtMr 8 

330 253 ALP 29 

92 67 K#U (John) 7 

320 220 KenyonSees 32 
B3 53 Kewtt Sysame 5 

17 20190 
14 17 85 

30 10 210 

2.1 1 1 230 

36 20 154 

30 231 16 

B3 53 Kewtt Systeam 58 
113 $0 KUrir-Teiear 75 

113 ST LPA Infl 81 

68 37 Lad# 65 

125 70 LtoStoe Thonoon 108 

66 32 lean toe S? 

118 K30 Lewrrar 100 

230 & Lee# LOT Op 225 
91 73 Lodge Care 86 

1*0 95 Lon S Oydeskte HO 

198 133 Loriwi Baa 173 

62 17 Lysmtor Pet 24 

85 77 MS Cash I Cany 90 

310 180 MMT Gamp 310 

180 101 Mdxugfdn I H# 118 

125 45 Uwneic Mawnere 85 
100 5* Utoina 98 

95 BO 44#ma Dee 90 

170 32 Mann |Hon«ll) IBS 

35 9 itacm 18 

118 10] MayfaeCdy 115 

308 185 Meadow Finn 276 

1*8 1*3 Mecca Latam 144 

220 123 Mode Tech 128 

98 75 MoSwwan 81 

IB 9 Memory Coop 17 

75 13 Momc o m an Mdgs 28 

181 135 Me nwa-Swsm 178 

3*7 31] Menranvlm SB 

138 95 Meat Buto#i 120 

1 02 7* M e teec CO 

B8 W 44ctoa*i {Jenrq 70 

790 390 Uatfn 585 

220 99 Mcntoese US 

47 2? McreWHc 37 

420 331 IMsunm# has 420 

IBS itf Uttv S SamncBM IBS 

193 169 Mttwwd Braen IK 

220 ISO MaeWond 200 

47 T3 Mnemoa 

158 103 MoorrateGp 108 

1Z4 82 MmlOow 114 

158 118 Monotype >38 

SO IS Money (Fhl 40 

23\ IS’. Moms n M B #rt IB . 

I 60 

-2 6. 1 B 


-2 21 
+3 1.7 


f 56 

- 38 
-s BlO 

5.1 57 

66 11 29.1 
100 85 80 
17 40 91 
1.4 15 301 

40 3 7 244 
5* 10141 





*3 37 





»-! 21 

<15 63 MOH Asromng 78 

192 125 MuH#*n 1B7 

367 237 NMW Comp 245 

21 6 New a N« Res 12 

Sv O'. Do V*«S 1 

ti i* New Enctma Risk 2! 

95 75 Dp iPT £80 

>5 75 Haeage Trans 75 

21 10 NMta 14 

ISO 91 Norattk i«3 

190 45 Nortwn 70 

185 83 itarsen Hoaas lit 

46 14 Mh Sea 8 Gan 2023 


0 125 
50 6.7 as 

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113 • 



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t*a -2 C, 
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28 12 

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150 3J 




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28 *2 


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131 e*s 

228 -2 

106 *1 


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W1 110 KMnwort 0 ' 
296 237 IQMmcrt&n 

5.1 10712 
24 00 . 
19 20200 
80 30420 

70 66 Um March#* Si 

71 57 Lob That 
«a 102 uerctana 
30 'T 21S Men* Lynch 

221 181 Mata 

186 no Huiay toeona 

ass a. . 
xq saw- 

2W 168 £9 D * f *° °* 
36* 278 NBi AHnSc Sac 

<a m else**" 

406 279 NSn Ao# 

210 MS Ootach 
703 66 Raettc Assets 
<2 28 Down# 

42 35 tontnei Aaaatt 
*33 338 Raton 
171 M7 n# 1 Marc 
270 218 rarer Pfcta 
287 207 Robeco 
230 181 Hcdnc o 
382 367 Ron ay 
1S>. II 1 , (tow*, 

W 115 a Arrows 


- 00 
-1 ai 
-8 80 
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•+1 30 


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+8 80 

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213 I 

+1 57 ! 

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♦1 1.1# I 

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05 10 970 
- 17.1 40 434 

-1 185 60 300 

+1 114 40 S .1 

5 2 S3 American 

127 » Scot Eastern 
84 78 sew Mere A’ 

SE8 402 ScotMge 
318 3*5 Sew Net 
711 570 Seecnd Attance 

+1 406 30 514 

-2 83 20 870 

-1 20b 30860 

1-3 19 24830 

-6 120 23980 

-1 70 24587 

+3 280 073*0 






•- 1 " 






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• . 





• . 





in . 



GW Joyrtson and Co report 

Jan 70.00-781) 


Mar : —7800 

40 30 185 
10 14 76 

34 24 155 

SUGAR (rtwn C. Czarafltow) 


Oac 139 0-37. D 

Mar 1SZ&520 

May 1560-560 

Aug 1610-604 

Oa 165,0-64.6 

Dec 1710-69,0 

VtX: 1381 

Dbc 1505-04 

Mar 1546-44 

May 1569-66 

Jul — 15^66 

Sep 1610-09 

Dk 1636-35 

Mar — 1660-61 

Vol: 1820 


Nov 2280-75 

Jan 2270-65 

Mar — 2180-75 

May 2180-75 

Jut 2175-70 

Sep 2175-70 

Nov 2190-70 

VDfc 6011 


Dae 133.4-333 

w> 135.5-34.5 

AJ>- — 136.8363 

Jun 1344-34.0 

Aug 1343343 

OK 136.0-34^3 

Dee .... 136.0-340 

V(P: 325 














122. 00-20 ,W 

— 13050-1550 



Tone ... 


Cash ; 

Three Momns 


Tone — 


Cash — 

Three Montna — 

vet — 

Tone — ; 



Three Months ... 



Sh ee p n ty.pp 708 %, a«#. 











Uv*PigCoafc»cfp.p*nc8o . 
Month Open Odh . 

Oct 10150 10150 

Nov 10350 . 10350 

Feb 9750 9750 

Apr. 9750 9750 

Jun 97.00 97.00 

I InaM^Ul 

unofDct&i premm 
OWctotT uiHU rt i d u ur e e 
Price in C per metric toon# 
SDver to pence per bo* emee 
RorioH Wolf A Co. Ltd. report 


Cash 93255335 

Three Months 95759685 

Wed 2350 

Tone — StenOrer 


Three Monffn 



- 2535-2540 
. 2590-2581 

Pig Meet «ofc2 


England end Walea: 
Cats# nos. up 35 Ik m. 

Suppled we Commodity 
Market Services LM 
Nbv 71.00-71 S 

Dec 71 50-72.0 


^«»i 61455155 

Three Months 61255135 


b«JSifNtbS> AND HNAjnCc 






a - t 





Shares are marked lower 

ACCOUNT DAYS; Dealings began on October 13 . Dealings end tomorrow. §G>ntai 

§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous 

day October 27 . Settlement day November 3 . 
iness days. 

© Tints NmpifKn United 


Qaims required for 
+32 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 

No. Cawpam 

E E— — BFFJTJmg .1 

E I 

E fc 5 ' m Iff | 

Ej^EMWwBj 1 1 'J. 1 ' ' |BI 


E2I " ' 

■JusiMs sasMfliausi 

n uu 

.. llto 11 107 

It 74. 50130 
-5 U3 « SB 
I .. 154 2-2 13J 

-8 404- M 54 

-5 SS HtU 

+5 7.7 20 1U 


Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your duly totals 
for the weekly dividend of £$,000 in 
Saturday's newspaper. 

793 109 «My 170 

2gB am AbanJMn CDnsir 291 
297 213 Amac 248 

74 53 AnicM* B3 

2J8 125 AlfCdda 2 » 

SEO 331 BPS Indcatnu 443 

42® 284 BWMdwBHCk 4 IS 
tee n« £S£» &£• iaa 
32 22 BaOay (Bu4 CMStr 23 

iss tea p mm w U4 

MS 139 BwfeaSy Gp 204 
83 63 BattSSl 83 

10-.875 BtocUays 9S5 

720 520 SScZcto BOB 

273 Z3S BfMdonSCKmff H8I 230 
01 81 Br MM 75 

29 is BnmTjKNnn 10 

78 37 Bramto* . 71 

128 81>] Bryant 98 

27 7 SUiMHtKtfMI Ft 

158 150 caubwd nobay 150 
125 85 OMMAHtOaOMom 108 

131 80 CM* Gip OO 

990 449 CMtNn 478 

486 288 CMMryafcto 423 

18S 134 Cnoucfi {Stored 155 
124 84 DmrJQmM 120 

137 72 Doughs (HM) 120 

110 63 Efttl tW 

S3 75 Fob 91 

71 54 DO A’ 60 

172 SI AdMWHa no 
So 34 nan Gp to 

94 00 QpMnT 80 

iss 105 «*» 8 Dandy Ons 138 
3U 254 Gaanson (UJJ 343 
M3 86 HAT 142 

315 55 HsfcM Bar 313 

258 190 tfcndaran 211 

79 42 Hawtan-SniMt 61 
2«4 i«4 H ay+oo d VH —a 184 
843 42B Hggma 575 

44 29*i HnW 9 ha 43 

196 128 taw* Jotunan 181 
« 265 JV«« (J) & Sons 428 

488 296 Lang (j) 348 

484 286 DOW 348 

110 78 Lbmwks (MUM 86 

T 13 54 T&S 
MM BA 134 
0.1 • 02 0.7 
7.1 U Mfl 
1U UttS 
103 35 100 
11 A K 4 130 

04 U 45 

HJ7 60 BA 

30 15 225 

44 70 17J 

3BB 4J) 135 
900 49 tE 
14A 50 207 

43 5J 117 

.. .. 487 

38 54880 
53b 54 08 
.. ..a S 

47 3L1 .. 
4JU 17 .. 
38 28 188 
250 S3 88 

05 30 114 

84 07 112 
88 72 189 
33b 37248 
30 4-6 20.1 

35 37124 
35 37 03 
50 <3 102 
54 7.1 232 
88 72142 
28 12 377 

73 33 112 
54 32115 




57 112 

92 06 


01 10 Ltoy(FJQ 24 

429 290 LontMl [Y3) 388 

150 128 Msgnu ■ SogJfi 188 

328 178 MmSs 325 

135 101 Uansy 113V 

210 161 UarsbaBt (VMBax) 188 

151 SB lily 5 Hnsaft 138 

448 304 McA**a (AibacQ 371 
304 226 McCwtif & S 245 
272 171 IMWrlnt 229 

48 23 Mfcr rauntoy) 40 

154 109 SAM* (A) 152 

«« 306 Ha4n(M*l 348 
920 790 NmwtfHl MW 

213 183 Hountoaffl Brick 190 
2*0 115 Fwstamn 218 

110 78 RKJ4rt* T«4>« 78 

385 285 POdMw 32 0 

» 440 RMC ®»J 

482 340 Rsctad 384 

323 188 RubfcoH 288 

191 U3<> Rugby Canwit 156 
M2 87 SMM 8 Wto 118 . 

84 70 9nai(l) 01 

516 342 Tarmac 410 

340 Z3tr*lMH-HbodHar 281 
180 138 TUwry Group 178 
438 328 Tr*4| 4 AIMrt 4tS 
ioi 75 trant 92 

186 138 TWiHl T7| 

361 195 VBJIOOW 326 

293 2*6 Ward _ 208 

98 58 Wammapo(tl 98 
204 172 WUisfiM* 184 

86 87 WatMrn Bros 83 

157 41 Wpm 1H 

290 157 Wtom (ConnaM 23* 

225 120 Wmnsy(Oa«ri «7 

10JJ <7 140 
05 4.1 10.7 

10.1 15124 
201 IS 157 

20 4.7 172 

7.1 33116 
143 14183 
•ms s.i m 

107 11 90 

5.7 8.6 70 

55 229 II 
102 20 UO 
7.4 18 224 
120 19 107 
54 40 210 

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By John Young 

Drake’s city sets 
a new course for 
the 21st century 

W hen Plymouth 
celebrates the 
400th anniver- 
sary of the de- 
feat of the 
Armada in 1988. it hopes to 
welcome not only a large 
contingent of peaceful Span- 
iards. but also the repre- 
sentatives of more than SO 
other Plymouihs scattered 
across the world. 

Drake and the Pilgrim Fa- 
thers between them ensured 
that the city's name was secure 
forever in the history books. 

It is indeed no mean city, 
and not just because of its long 
unrivalled association with 
our maritime past. Once the 
fourth largest in Britain, it is 
still the largest on. the south 
coast, the centre and industrial 
hub of Devon and Cornwall. 

Its spectacular setting and 
many handsome streets and 
buildings are an obvious 
source of civic pride. But 
along with the elegance goes a 
tough, bluff self-confidence. 

This is no Brighton or 
Bournemouth, but a working 
seaport — a sailors’ town, not 
afraid to display its rough 
edges: a plats which has 
suffered and shows its scars 

It was from Plymouth that a 
large part of the D-Day inva- 
sion fled assembled and set 
sail. That was apt revenge for 
the German air raids of earlier 
in the war. when the Luftwaffe 
showed exactly how much it 
rated Plymouth's importance 
by subjecting it to one of the 
most savage poundings meted 
out to any British city. 

A year before the fleet set 
sail, the city fathers were 
already designing . the new 
centre’ that would arise from 
the rubble. It was to be the first 
post-war comprehensive 
redevelopment and would 
serve as a model for the 
rebuilding of Europe. - 
At the. time it was built it 
was widely admired, the wide 
sweeping avenues and mod- 
ernistic rectangular buildings 
testifying to the planners' 
confidence in being able to 
create a brave new. workL But 
times and tastes have ctihnged . 

and paradise has had lo be 

The - refurbished lanes and 
alleyways of the nearby Bar- 
bican arc more , to contem- 
porary taste. 

Todays civic leaders openly 
admit to the deficiencies of the 
rebuilt centre of which their 
fathers were so proud, in 
particular the over-emphasis 
on traffic at the expense of 

"The place was designed 
before anyone foresaw the 
explosion"' in motor car 
ownership.” said Tom Savery. 
the council's deputy leader. 

"It is also true that post-war 
design with all its straight lines 
is a bit soulless;" Mr Savery 
said: "We have got to update 
the whole concept. We regard 
our plans as futuristic and we 

: City’s 
: name is 
■■ secure 
• forever 
in die 

. think the results will last well 
into the next century." 

The plans outlined in a 
handsome new brochure aim 
to provide better links be- 
tween the centre, the Barbican 
and the Hoe. The accent is 
heavily on increased 
pedestrianization. most nota- 
bly that of Armada Way, the 
principal artery of the post- 
war redevelopment 

Much of the pressure for 
change has come from retail- 
ers in the centre who fear that 
Plymouth is being left behind 
in the competition to attract 
customers. The particular fear 
is of a proposal to build an 
out-of-town "regional shop- 
ping centre" near Exeter. 

Andrew Forbes-Watson. the 
council's chief executive, is 
predictably scornful of this 
proposal. "Exeter is ready to 
sell its birthright" he said, in 
much the same tenns an 
Oxford man refers to the 
Other Place. 

'“.As ah accompaniment to- 

pedestrianization. city of- 
ficials arc enthusiastic about 
introducing covered shopping 
malls on the North American 
pattern. The new Armada 
shopping centre is a step in 
this direction, but there is also 
talk of roofing over whole 
streets from which traffic has 
been banished. 

But “Tomorrow's 
Plymouth" is not confined 
solely to the centre. One of the 
most important new develop- 
ments will be a conference and 
leisure complex on the site of 
the old Millbay station. It will 
contain a pool, an ice rink and 
a hall seating up to 2.500 
people, which can be used for 
concerts, exhibitions and 
sports events. 

A new four-star hold is due 
to open next year, relieving 
pressure on accommodation. 

A new visitor centre is to be 
opened on the Hoe. And 
Millbay docks, which in reoent 
years have provided an inad- 
equate' base for important 
sailing events, have already 
been replaced by a new marina 
at Queen Anne's Battery on 
the other side of town. 

Not the. least remarkable 
aspect of the whole scheme is 
the readiness of a Conser- 
vative council to commit up 
to £30 million of public funds 
during the next three or four 

"The public sector must 
take the initiative in these 
matters in order to attract 
private investment.” Mr 
Forbes-Watson argues. 
"Otherwise private investors 
are just not interested and will 
go somewhere else." 

It is not a viewpoint that 
would appeal to some mem- 
bers of the Cabinet But of one 
initiative Mrs Thatcher would 
surely approve, namely the 
council's decision 10 years ago 
to set up the Plymouth 
Marketing Bureau to "sell" 
the city both nationally and 

It has now embarked upon 
its biggest "sale" which sug- 
gests that you cannot rely 
exclusively on Drake and the 
Pilgrim Fathers:- -■ • 




■ »; ■ 


■Historic interest and scenic beauty': a view of Plyrooutit Sotutd and Plymouth Hoe from the Royal Citadel 

Making the 

The West Country has long been 
Britain's favourite domestic holiday 
region, even though the attractions of 
wanner, more reliable climates have 
made-inroads in recent years into its 
traditional market. 

But amid all the trreeze and bustle 
of the dozens of resorts lining the 
coasts of Devon and Cornwall. 
Plymouth has remained somewhat 
aloof a serious city amid the seasonal 
frivolities, with only a passing in- 
terest in the comings and goings of 

But it increasingly sees itself as the 
regional tourist centre, a place which 
does not just benefit at second hand 
from the money brought in by 
visitors, but which promotes its own 

One of the key factors in this 
change of attitude has been its 
maritime legacy. The transatlantic 
liners have long since gone and even 
the Navy has a less obvious presence 
than it used to. But leisure beating 
has enjoyed an unprecedented boom. 

In recent years Plymouth has been 
the starting and/or finishing point for 
all sorts of important yacht races, 
including the single-handed trans- 
atlantic. the round-the-world and the 
round-Britain races. 

The biennial Fhsinet race starts 
from Cowes but traditionally ends in 
Plymouth Sound. 

It was at Plymouth that the late Sir 
Francis Chichester ended bis epic 
solo pilgrimage nearly 20 years ago. It 
became the centre of a whole new 
sailing philosophy, based not on 
competing round buoys in sheltered 
bays,but on racing for thousands of 
miles over the open oceans. 

During these years the commercial 
Millbay docks have provided a basin 

in which boats could be moored, but 
little else. The glamour of yachts from 
dozens of countries, with their inter- 
nationally famous skippers — men 
like Chay Blyth. Eric Tabariy and 
John Ridgeway — has contrasted 
sharply with the shoddiness of the 
surroundings, with cargoes heaped on 
the quayside and a depressing lack of 
even the most basic facilities. 

Now at last the city has realized the 
importance of this business to the 
local economy. The new marina — or. 

Setting for big 
sailing races 

as the council prefers to call it, the 
Seaspons Centre — at Queen Anne's 
Battery, is due to open next March. 

It will not only give the city an 
important new tourist attraction, but 
will also provide vastly improved 
amenities and a more appropriate 
setting for big sailing races and other 
international gatherings. 

The project was launched three 
years ago by a partnership of the city 
council and Dean and Dyball Lid, a 
company with interests ranging from 
boatbuilding to housing and land 
reclamation. The site chosen, opp- 
osite the Barbican, had previously 
been run down, a waterside inner city 
slum crying out for a facelift. 

Parliamentary approval had first to 
be obtained and one of the scheme's 
staunchest supporters was the local 
Conservative MP, Janet Fookes. 
Some reservations were expressed by, 
among others. Dr David Owen, who 
represents Devonport. about whether- 
local fishermen would be able to 

of the 

afford the new berthing fces.Bui. on 
the whole, the benefits were seen as 
far outweighing the objections. 

The marina will provide 300 
permanent berths, a high proportion 
of which have already been booked. 
Mark Gatehouse, its director and an 
experienced and successful long- 
distance sailor, has dared to think the 
unthinkable, namely that Britain 
might win the America’s Cup. in 
which case Plymouth would un- 
doubtedly be one of the leading 
candidates to stage the next scries. ■ 

That may be piped reaming, but Mr 
Gatehouse' is enthusiastic about the 
prospects for more waterfront 
development and renovation as more 
and more former military and indus- 
trial sites come on to the market. 
‘•Plymouth has never really made the 
most of its historic setting." he said. 
“In many ways it is the most 
underdeveloped city in Britain." 

For some that may be part of its 
attraction, but no one could surely 
deny the success of the Sutton 
Harbour rehabilitation, where the old 
citv docks have been transformed 
into a busy haven for small boats. 

Theadjoining Barbican area, which 
not many years ago had a decidedly 
dubious reputation, is now a mass of 
colourful small shops, restaurants 
and wine bars, and is an important 
tourist attraction. 

Some of the claims made fbr 
Plvmouth in its tourist literature may 
be a little far-fetched. "Sweeping 
down from the wild natural beauty of 
Dartmoor and nestling among 
spectacular Devon and Cornwall 
coastline, the location of Plymouth 
Hoe and the breathtaking- views over 
Plymouth Sound are incomparable 

- * ■ ■<: ’ 

with anything... an ywhew^ kv fee 
world." H 

But in the combination own- • 
historic interest and the beauty of the* 
countryside on its doorstep, it- *> 
certainly well placed to take much ■*, 
more advantage of tourism. : - ■- * - 
Confidence is evident m fee forth* 
coming opening of the new feur-stfr 
Copthome Hotel owned by a »' 

tarv of British Caledonian wlfidr 
already has hotels near Gatwic$ and .* 
in Aberdeen and Glasgow, and is 
building two others in Birmingham 
and Manchester. 

The opening will add a farther 1 35 y 
rooms lo an existing toad of 7;<XXMr 
beds in hotels, boarding-houses utir * 
scif-catenng accommodation. 
date chosen is March 17. marking the 
40th anniversary of the pest-warefty : * 
centre redevelopment, in* which the * 
Copthome forms the final link. " ? 

Inevitably, the city's marketing* * 
bureau, which is primarily respon-” 
sible for tourist development «nd J 
promotion, is making the -most of its. 
North American links. 

Brochures recall not just the depar- v 
ture of the Mayflower and the Pilgrim- 
Fathers' settlement ai Plymouth, 4 
Massachusetts, but the earlier landings ' 
by Drake on the coast of California 
and his claim to have taken pbfr m 
session of it for Queen Elizabeth and*' ; ' 
to have christened it New Albion. ^ >■ 
Plymouth's greatest moment wiRo 
be reenacted in July t98& to mark - 
thc400th anniversary of the Affhada. * 
The programme includes .costumed ” 
bails and picnics, ox roe#: chains of 
bonfirel Elizabethan fiftre. o tttn- ^ 
quet, a bowls tournament yacht '» 
races and children's cverits. v • - ' 
If that -does not puMhff tity firmly 
on th6 td&HSt md b ^.h o&hi g wfiC‘ r ' J w 


The way forward is detailed in a 
publication Tomorrows Plymouth’, if you 
would like to participate in our future - 
contact Graham Jones, City Estates 
Surveyor; Civic Centre, Plymouth PL I 2EW 
Devon. Tel: 0752 668000 - for further 

A»mada Shoppmg Centre 


>3 •** 

£ * ** *• 



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Overseas help 

in the fight 
to create jobs 

No town likes to be dependent 
upon a single industry because 
of the social havoc that can be 
caused by a drop in demand 
for its products and a con- 
sequent decline in its 

There have been several 
dismaying illustrations of this 
in Britain in recent years and 
Plymouth, in particular, 
would vigorously resist any 
implication that it was a one- 
industry city. 

Nevertheless, the huge 
Royal Naval dockyard at 
Devonport has for generations 
dominated the local economy. 
The workforce has dropped to 
fewer than 1 2.000 from a post- 
war peak of 20,000. but it still 
accounts for an astonishing 44 
per cent of all jobs within the 
traveWto-work area. 

The dangers of over-reli- 
ance on the dockyard were 
recognized at least as early as 
the immediate post-war years. 
Efforts were made to attract 
newcomers, among the earli- 
est of which were Tecalemit 
manufacturing motor compo- 
nents, Bush radios and 
Berkenex clothing, all at that 
time heavily labour-intensive 

Bui Plymouth suffered from 
its lack of tradition as a 
manufacturing centre, which 
meant it was unfamiliar to 
potential investors and from 
what in those days was seen as 
its daunting remoteness. 

The city had long boasted 
an excellent train service but, 
before the age of motorways, 
the road journey to the West 
Country from London or the 
M idlands was notorious for its 
delays and frustrations. 

Against that it was able to 
advertise the attractions of its 
superb surrounding country- 
side and all the amenities that 
go with being located on a 
beautiful stretch of coast. 

Such considerations ap- 
pealed particularly to the new 
“clean** technological in- 
dustries. many of them for- 
cign-owned, whose executives 
saw no reason for moving to 
the grime of the industrial 
North and Midlands. 

Between 1959 and 1973 
there was a steady flow of new 
firms, lured by green-field 
sites and by a plentiful and 

generally s 
hour force. 

well-disciplined la- 

History and sentiment may 
have had something to do 
with the feet that many were 
American-owned. There are 
now IS companies in Plym- 
outh whose head offices are in 
the US. including Arrow 
Hari/Crouse Hinds (speciality 
switches). Gleason (engineer- 
ing). Ranco Controls 
(refrigeration and heating) and 
Texas Instruments. 

By the early 1970s the local 
economy was even showing 
signs of overheating and la- 
bour shortages. But the reces- 
sion of 1973. and the huge 
shedding of labour in British 
industry that has continued 
since, changed all that. 

Unemployment is now 
more than 15 per cent and 
there are fears that further 
redundancies in the dockyard 
could push the figure to more 
than 20 per cent. 

The area has kept its inter- 
mediate assisted area status, 
although government grams 
are less attractive than they 
were in the 1 960s. But with so 





been a 



little expansion within estab- 
lished British industry, the 
city is obliged to compete for 
new investment from over- 
seas. mainly the US and 
Japan, with a publicity and 
marketing budget only a frac- 
tion of those of. say. Wales or 

Nevertheless, it can claim a 
feir degree of success. With the 
exception of Rank Radio, 
which closed a few years ago 
with the loss of 1.7CK) jobs, it 
has escaped large-scale clo- 
sures. Even the Rank opera- 
tion has been partly restarted 
by Toshiba, although with a 
smaller labour force. 

The largest of the overseas 
investments, in terms of 
employment, is Ranco Con- 
trols. It manufactures a wide 
range of products, including 

South-West for 


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Local disquiet in the docks 

First-land experience: David Johnston, heading a new company to save Devonport 

•v. v; y ii- 

refrigerators, air conditioners, 
electric cookers, washing ma- 
chines. tumble driers and 
central heating equipment in 
three factories in Plymouth 
and a fourth at Bodmin, in 

It employs more than 1,000 
and exports nearly three-quar- 
ters of its output. 

Home-based high tech is 
represented by British Aero- 
space. making guidance and 
control systems, and by 
Plessey which has recently 
Spent more than £50 million 
on what is claimed to be one of 
the world's most advanced 
microchip factories. 

Ifall goes according to plan, 
the toiler should eventually 
employ 600. 

In boatbuilding, a notable 
success story is Marine 
Projects Ltd. which started in 
1965 and now employs more 
than 750 people manufac- 
turing yachts and motor 

With annual sales of £30 
million, about half of which 
are exported, the company 
claims to be the largest 
boatbuilder in Britain and 
probably the third hugest in 

Another interesting new- 
comer is Devonshire Mead- 
ows which, with enthusiastic 
co-operation from the Milk 
Marketing Board, is produc- 
ing a cream liqueur. 

It hopes to rival Bailey's, 
made in the Irish Republic, 
which in a short lime has 
become the world's bestselling 

High hopes are being placed 
in the new Langage Business 
Park, and the introduction by 
Brymon Airways of four ser- 
vices a day to and from 
Heathrow and two to Gatwick 
has boosted city morale: 

It expects u> be one of the 
first cities In Europe to be 
linked to the new Stolport in 
London's docklands. 

Brhanny Ferries operates a 
daily service to Roscoff and 
twice a week to Santander in 
northern Spain. The opening 
of the M5 between Bristol and 
Exeter, and the construction 
and improvement of other 
roads in the West Country, 
have also helped to dissipate 
the feeling of remoteness. 

But with unemployment 
still well above the national 
average. Graham Jones, the 
city estates surveyor, does not 
disguise the difficulties. “Try- 
ing to gel inward investment is 

very difficult these days."' he 
said. “Most of the recent 
expansion has been in existing 

“We still have a desperate 
need to widen our employ- 
ment base.” We have had 
considerable success when it 
comes to manufacturing, 
considering the national de- 
cline. but we still have little 
office employment.” 

Tourism and conferences 
are seen as important for job 
creation in the coming years. 
But perhaps Mr Jones's great- 
est comfort is that his office 
has had more inquiries this 
year from small firms than at 
any time in the past 10 years. 

Seldom, if ever, can a single 
issue have so dominated the 
local press and radio in Devon 
and Cornwall as the future of 
the giant Devonpon Naval 

This is hardly surprising, 
considering that nearly every 
other working man in and 
around Plymouth is employed 
there and its weekly wages bill 
amounts to £2,500,000. . 

Its 13 docks, three of them 
covered to form a huge all- 
weather frigate “shed”, are set 
in a 332-acre site spread along 
iwo-and-a-half miles of water- 
front. It is the largest ship 
repair yard in western Europe 
and 14 times larger than any 
private shipbuilding premises 
in the UK. 

Devonport has its origins in 
national disquiet about the 
marauding activities of the 
Dutch, culminating in the 
indignity of allowing Admiral 
de Ruyter to sail up the 
Medway and inflict serious 
damage on the English fleet. 

The Royal Navy dearly had 
to be strengthened and. by a 
nice twist of irony, it was the 
“Dutch” king, William of 
Grange, who commissioned 
the building of the new 

Its’ importance to the local 
economy during the past three 
centuries has been 

However, times are chang- 
ing. Fortunately Devonport 
has been spared the sad fete of 
Chatham — closure — but it is 
to be privatized and that is 
what is causing all the fuss. 

Local opposition to its sale, 
particularly among the 
workforce and the trade 
unions, was and is strong. But 
for at least the past IS years 

there has been widespread 
dissatisfaction with its perfor- 
mance and in 1981 Michael 
Hescliinc. who was then Sec- 
retary of State for Defence, 
commissioned Peter Levene. 
an industrial expert to look at 
ways of making it more 

Mr Lcvcne's conclusion 
broadly was that while there 
was little wrong with manage- 
ment or with the workforce, it 
was operating under a number 
of constraints, and it would be 
better to establish a commer- 
cial relationship between the 
dockyard and the Royal Navy. 

The Government agreed. In 

Three companies 
in the bidding 

a leaflet published last August 
it pointed out that Devonport 
cost £294 million to run in the 
1985-86 financial year and 
declared that its policy was to 
get better value for money in 
all areas of public spending. 

In future, regular com- 
petition for the management 
contract and for ship work 
would make Devonport more 
competitive and give better 
value for money, it said. 

But despite assurances that 
their pay and conditions, pen- 
sion. redundancy and trade 
union rights would be pro- 
tected. and that they would be 
consulted on all decisions, the 
workforce remained hostile 
and suspicious. 

Suspicions were increased 
when it was learned that 
among those making in- 
terested noises were large 
conglomerates, such as British 
Aerospace and Trafalgar 

House.Both firms have since 
withdrawn from the race, but 
two joint venture companies 
• have been established to bid 
for the contract 

One. Devonpon Operations 
Ltd (DOL). has been formed 
by Foster Wheeler. Whanon 
Williams (Holdings). A & P 
Appledorc and Investors in 
Industry Group. The other is a 
partnership between Brown & 
Rool Vickers and Lazard 
Brothers, called Devonport 
Management Ltd. 

But a third, and in many 
ways the most interesting 
candidate, is Devonport 
Dockyard Ltd. a company set 
up by the present managing 
director. David Johnston, 
with nine senior colleagues, 
which last December broke 
ranks with the rest of the 
workforce in opposing the sale 
and decided to bid for a 
management buy-out. 

Mr Johnston believes firmly 
that his own experience in the 
dockyard, where he began 
work as an apprentice, gives 
his bid a decided superiority. 
“We do not want to see the 
management of Devonport 
Dockyard pass to a company 
which has little knowledge of 
the Navy or the business 
of refitting ships.” he said. 

He has no doubt that 
changes are needed and that 
economies must be made. 

U is the opportunity offered 
to every employee to own a 
share of (he new company, 
together with local sentiment 
in fevour of a local group, that 
he hopes will persuade the 
Government that he has the 
best chance of winning over 
the opposition. Shortly before 
Christmas he will know if he 
has succeeded. 


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■ cor 
I bee 

Motoring by Clifford Webb 

Take three diesels. 


■ ■ ■■ ■■■■ 


The British motorist's con- 
tinuing prejudice against die- 
sel cars mystifies me. To Mr 
Average they are still nasty, 
noisy, painfully slow, second 
rate vehicles and he is not slow 
to . express these outdated 
views to anyone within listen- 
ing distance. 

I am tired of the tediously 
repeated "jokes" that greet the 
arrival of the diesel car - "big 
end gone thenT_ “Try mix- 
ing sawdust with the oil, that 
should quieten if\_ "Going 
into the taxi business then?" 

The truth is that such 
prejudice is no longer based 
on feet. The modem, high- 
revving diesel car is far re- 
moved from its painfully slow 
predecessor. The latest 1.6 
litre diesels give comparable 
peformance to 1.3 petrol en- 
gines and 2 litre diesels lose 
nothing to a 1.6 petrol. 
Thanks to modem "glow 
plugs" they are instant starters 
and except when stationary 
are almost as quiet as a petrol 

This quietness * has been 
achieved in a number of ways, 
but the most effective is ifae 
use of sound insulating 
materials to isolate the car's 
occupants from the traditional 
diesel clatter. Unfortunately, 
what noise there is is stfll 
disccmable outside the car — 

■ hence the comments. 

I have just been trying three 
newcomers which . between 
them span most of the diesel 
car market — the small hatch- 
back Renault S GTD costing 
£6 .395. the mid-range Peugeot 
309 GRD at £7.785 and the 
very refined Mercedes 1 90 2.5 
litre automatic at £14.051. 

As you would expect from 
such a small car with minimal 
insulation, the Renault was 
the noises of the bunch. It 
also insisted on starting with a 
doud of exhaust smoke which 
happily disappeared once 
under way. Performance from 
the 1.6 litre 55 BHP engine 
was very lively. 

One of the problems motor- 
ists face when converting from 
petrol to diesel is the need for 
bigger throttle openings. Sen- 
sitive drivers arc reluctant to 
use a heavy foot on the 
accelerator pedal although 
diesels positively thrive on 
this son of treatment. 

Renault has solve this prob- 
lem very simply. The accel- 
erator has such a small 
amount of movement that for 
most of its life the little R5 is 
driven with two throttle po- 
sitions only — dosed or wide < 
open. i 

The engine which is also 1 
being progressively in- 
troduced on the bigger Re- 
nault 9 and II models has 
been extensively modified to 
reduce noise but still lags 

*•7 -£. ■ 

The new diesel trio: Renault 5GTD (top), Peugeot 309 
(middle) and Mercedes 190 (bottom) 

behind some of its new arriv- 
als in that respect 

Early diesel cars were 
bought in Britain by high 
mileage drivers who wanted 
minimal fuel costs. That is 
still the dominant but not only 

Another deriding factor 
which has just come into play 
is the restoration of the price 
gap between diesel and petrol 
fiicl. Until recently they were 
on a par with each other. 
Today diesel is up to 20p a 
gallon cheaper. Experience has 
shown that the price relativity 
of a the two types of fuel in 
Britain is as fickle as our 
summer weather. If you are 
thinking of buying a diesel car. 
do your sums on the basis of 
the diesel's better fuel 
consumption and longer life 
rather than the availability of 
cheaper fuel 

The Coventry assembled 
Peugeot 309 is an attractive 
competitor in the Escort- 
dominated sector of the mar- 
ket. Peugeot has long had a 
reputation for the excellence 
of its diesels and demand 
quickly built up for a diesel 
version of the new 309. 

It arrived with a bang by 
capturing 27 British national 
speed records averaging over 
97 mph during a 24-hour run. 
But records are one thing and 
on the road performance is 
another. How does the 309 
shape up against the com- 

With one small reservation 
1 predict that it will be a very 
big seller. It represents in- 
expensive diesel motoring at 
its best. 

The star attraction is the big 
1.9 litre diesel engine which 
slots in transversely and 
drives the front wheels with- 
out upsetting the car's ex- 
cellent ride and handling. U 
provides such surprising 
punch at low revs that you 
have to remind yourself fre- 
quently that you are indeed 
driving a diesel. 

The absence of bottom end 
power has long marred the 
progress of the diesel car. 
Laborious acceleration makes 
for tedious driving and can 
also be dangerous leading to 
chances being taken during 
overtaking. The 309 overtakes 
with such panache that even 
performance-conscious driv- 
ers will be satisfied. 

Of equal importance is the 
lack of intrusive noise 

That small reservation I 
referred to earlier? The extra 
weight of the diesel engine 
over the front wheels has 
made the steering heavy at 
maneuvering speeds. Packing 
is physically demanding. 

Above walking pace however, 
it is hardly noticeable. What a 
pity power steering costing 
£3 10 extra is only available on 
the high performance 309 SRi 
although 1 understand it could 

Vital Statistics 

Modeh Renault 5 GTD 
Price: £6.395 

Engine: 1595cc 4 cylinder 

Performance: 0-62 mph, 166 
seconds, max speed 94 mph. 
Official C onsum ption: Urban 
49.6 mpg; 56 mph 72.4 mpg 
and 75mph 49.6 mpg. 

Length: 12 feet. 

Insurance: Group 3 

Modeb Peugeot 309 GRD 
Price: £7,785 

Engine: 1905cc 4 cylinder 

Performance: 0-62 mph, 15J 
seconds, max speed 99 mph. 
Official Consumption: Urban 
40.4 mpg, 56 mph 64£ mpg 
ami 75 mph 4741 mpg. 

Length 13^ feet. 

Insurance: Group 4. 

Modeb Mercedes 1900 2J 

Price: £144151 

Engine: 2497cc 5 cylinder 

Perf orman ce: 0-62 mph, 1441 
seconds, max speed 108 mph. 

Official Consumption: Urban 
34 mpg, 56 mph 47.1 mpg and 
75 mph 36.7 mpg. 

Length: 1« feet 
Insurance: Group 6. 

be offered on the diesel in the 
near future. 

The Mercedes 190 attracted 
a lot of attention when it 
appeared at the Geneva Motor 
Show two years ago with the 
first fully-encapsulated diesel ; 
engine. Sound deadening i 
encapsulation has since been 
extended to the rest of the 
company's diesel range. 

But on the road the perfor- ; 
mancc of the four cylinder 2 j 
litre 190 diesel was very! 
disappointing. It was slow off j 
the mark, ponderous np 
through the gears and only 
really acceptable when even- 
tually into its stride at motor- 
way speeds. 

Now Mercedes has stepped 
in to restore the missing 
performance with the option 
of the more powerful 2.5 litre. 

5 cylinder 90bhp engine al- 
ready’ used in its bigger 240D 
and 300D models. It has 
transformed the sluggish 190 
into a rapid mover reaching 62 
mph from a standing start in 
14.8 seconds and topping 108 

Despite the extra weight of 
the bigger engine the 190D 2.5 
remains rock steady at motor- 
way speeds, even in strong 
cross winds and cruises like a 
car of much larger dimen- 
sions. However I was con- 
scious of the additional front 
end • weight when weaving 
through country lanes. 

isuzu CMS 


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PATLOAD 2530 Kfr 

Due to a change in operational t&afer 
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Inmnum I1W IQiVlOMtf 
SrtlurMHm Itrrvrrnl Ww 
fir "vi i mi h>mm i*mn— 
n.' 71.' WHO I Hi. IT 724M4-H’ t 

MSMN Ww-birrt IWVi ntlph 
ii.khri Ik Inti' RmHn tmriir 
ami aLum imrst VWO nut-i 
Huh uwui lui sair tomnunv 
I.H Miimbnl (.7 MIO r«< Ot 
tvw 771 IN HO ai all .woo fill 

PEU CE OT I .WHiH 505 1M H Sant 
.1 Ml DM Mann mu 

IMI i . in.iirs' 'ImnKV NX.. 
uim n+ cmasi.T. *430*1 t 
•Ktrnlf tmnmlMk- doLim all 
hhhK'K salrf venirr « imok 
i< 4 ni 7 mc» r 

him 4 «H uumA * »• 

• ■-NrOaxTUui lau Mak 1V.0A0 

mum LMW hms Tat 0*X> 
MUM -K > Oot>5 rutuiM 

SIERRA 3.* I \R 4f4 JvA.lMH. 
Mil Ink Inakirn an lasMI Mr 
nn -aim am Pl-» 5*o0mK 

IiAIuiI wniiiiiU L110M' 

■YilN ■ i nij r * 



Executm . Srioons mf 

Sports, tow mAwL 
css wre hnanr ■ Top 
pneos. Mrko ssonl 

Cm TMAk 

021 427 3235 

560 S£ 


. ; • \5 

oot# 031 Math 9 Dua l ■*“» 
PilVaO iWM. imxM 7(4 Ol 
■ *73 otoXk J»T| eOOwn 
WANTED l*Uf NrirakM C7f J 
<rrx- reams -\wn« rvw i 
iiw ri« r^Mi oak? vrjxn t 


ns CM iMMM. h-w 94udy 
ftrlprs W rr» 304)00 mltrv 
Nrti NCT tircfc Pcnwrr Lralh 
as l.katm nmnUM. Mahlo'i 
C/torfcs fit *0XP*l»rt» wiser 
cg.650MU 0703 884 696 

33.000 mk Nmkt Htdory 
\CC DAK 5 ipd. OrrPO. npw 
MOT SMBPi' Itra. C7 JSO ana 
TN 01 7BO 7404 

TIB 1905 Bm.C4MMus.4d. sun 
roai ttmt fjxMlrr. nuupmikf 
RoMon P/C. 77.000 mla. 

C7.B5 Q01 0462313 ihlOl W 
MW ml 

320 I April 85 A Wo cosmos. 

73.000 4 door Pawn- stn-rtnq 
Sunroof Radio FNH C8A88 
TN Watford S6l66i<Mr) or La- 
fan 873112 tors A w'rnttol 

2231 A Rap. Block low ntPrapr 
loxrdA MOTw 4 nr*r rrrrtpt». 
All mir at May wn TNmtKuip 
t-tlra Ul.999 051 531 6949 

72*1 1084. 4 norm min. imjm 
lertsHIlf bimtii. rxlrax. r.S R. 

(imlral Ktrfcltlv. E W. 
i/mnns. trx ivhrch and 
ivrcv wins, p i oneer 4 speak 
pt slrrro tvslem Mn\ rar. 
nuoninrnil rondHIon. C8.950 
In aiurk fair. TN OI 959 5156 
mm A sv/e Ol 965 0014 nay 

635 CSUL Aord 1982 happtmv 
SfllU Hue hide All ntnn tea 
irpl fllrl TRS. FSH with nMll 
oaenl C9.OS0 No offer* No 
ck-Jhis TN ■ 0705) 827711 Of 
iter 10705) 7500BI Home 

HEW nmrs - All modeb ID or 
drr i2STs early drdsrry Large 
dbrooNK TN 0237 793010 m 


BIWV iiMam saiutuom N4- 
Unuwwtr on j^hn D*s(«> 
now on i04£3i 23456 

SDh AlilO 4 sprrd 83. A rep. 
Klhn S door Hferf* C6.850. 
3*9 3008 iOi / 44| 0589 I HI. 

Red 63SC54 21DOO mHeS. 
rmnu ftuiroot. Murk leoUtrr 
humor atnohiiNy as pew, 
i.sdio/rswwiie. 2 year fun war 
raniv C21.O0O TN: 0242 
*2977 T 

MHWSM InNNMn (83 V) While 
wms Mmroof. mmot woo 
unorf stereo system. Fun 8rr 
sMr hMorv MW C*ra 9 es. Tel: 
■03251 *3737 

19*5 C 3i8i 2 door . FScfory bud* 
loot Pioneer firm*. Cronos 
blue 1 OMtMv 10.000 riNm. 
Drain Remrd. Iromorttlale 
17*99 * 0473 *5741 
315 SS B Art a Immaratate 6.000 
tntf mn Blark. Berne Ini Si/R 
Strren PA#t FSH C7.995 01 
408 6688 Off 01 731 4322 Km 
*4 B BMW 3101. FSH. 25.000 
mums >/roM. r/fiereo. attoyv imitMruUtr, C6.79S, 
Harm Hurt h 04024 7S242 
3191 Jilts- ns. ird. MHlrtXtf. PM 
n* r-nUo/ramNie. FSH. 
24,000 mtP-i. tmmartiuie ■Ton 
muon r.7495 <02321613939 
319 V Req. MOT 49.000 irtlei, 
wttfie & npeed fuipoof. adoy 
wwerK. C&.9BS TN 01 499 
71H5'd4VI OI 072 643) inou 
32SK 4.000 mb P/t. MSft. r/L 
r/w . auw mwiMniHte 

CARRERA CsbrtNN Sport 1986 
fper hlrUillr fllser Mark 
IrAttm Inknor Clem tr seals, 
windows Cruise ronlrol hn 
numuie renaman 3400 mb 
C28 000. no ttflrrs TN 0782 
55726 / &977S 

944 <85 tCL BUM. inwnartHAle 
■mpiNperrar Air con. sun root, 
mural laritlm. alarm, cruise 
ronirai. wipe wneeb Mr 
Cl 7.950 lor cutrt tale Phone 
Ol 927 6426 d*y or 07985 402 

944 lux. manual. 1996. C. anarch 
red. n «rey ML 14.000 nHIrs. 1 
Awnn e/sunrwr. foolairtpr. 
(jMrtie ppm. alarm, amt-iheii 
wheels, c/ windows £18.400. 
TN 0932 40022/01 879 3000 

ISM ID) 9245 Block wnti while 
ptnsiiiDt* inlmor lull seer, 
simrnal/t. H M . sierra. 1 TOO 
miles CI6.400 Trt Yeosil 
79232 imMiDiBs/wrehembi or 
nustUPV. Hours. Veasu 23*88 

MMIus manual. 1986. C. ouanb 
nn. n wri-v mi. 14.000 miles, i 
DWiln r/sunroOf HfUmpt. 
r.sudip pdm. alarm. onu-Mefl 
MhfrH p/wlnrtnws CI7JSOO 


KnrndH OnV» 3 400 i»b Wh*e 
nn-Uftr Grta flkick W« mWI 
sprlsean fletrale autm 


Tei 8932-52970 
Eves & Weekends 

128 52 I4H5 If re*. liinrriMIs 
in w lull- .ill Mart kssllm 
uilrtew Djnn nHkw iiiutlhu 
kilr inmHIiini t assner 
simiini .ntfiiTTUIlr li.immk 
smn Innqlai alarm, hi fl 
is 1 1 k spoils inu .isle Sale due 
In el iw 000 Irt I dtsard 
Ol 637 1512 ukivi Ol 352 
■SH21 lesesl 

mahh SI -Oris twiin huvers To 
wtl m Ihiv IN Ol 35H 0585 

911 SC Coupe 79 lhd uark 
mrtalW Wue wiin Mart ml 

51.000 ms FSH 2 owners 
.Harm PTt immaruteie 
£10.9*0 TNOI 607 7017 day 

IMI 911 SC Sports Tarpa. 
53.000 mile*. PSH POM Mi 
numiaie meultu- Mart New 
lyres, mart and iwoomss 
LMUrt rrfineroettls £14.500 
T«1 Berries tOG02) 712133 

924 bn O 1986 MrtaPlr «om. 
eler POM A etlrJiS AtcTogc 
mrieaqe Cl 1.160 ono 06643 
2693 h 021 706 225* w 

944 Manual 86. Red 3.500 
miles As new Many ext-as. 
00.500 ono TN 0730 87235 

944 1984 While i owner 
19.000 miles, many extras. 
I SH. £13.950 nn A w/end> 
0268 793362 

BZ4 AiUomailr MrtaPlr blue Y 
rrq Superli ronthlKMi C7.800. 
TN Ol <H»9 381-1 

944 1984 While 37.000 miles. 
Lteelrlr mmreot. efertnr PDM. 
Panpnsonir ‘found system lm- 
nwuuie esomptr Lady 
owner C1JJOO Tel (02781 

*900.911 SC SOOTI AQU3 MeUI- 
Im- perlne sunroof A windows, 
stereo. 24.000 Md*s with ter 
ske hblorv U3.7SO. OoZS 
I 617190 Wkenrt* A After b 
84 A Porsche 924. 32X00 mHM. 
FSH. oood esomnlr C8.99fi. 
0708 46800/27368. Ete* 

04028 544 T 

944 LUX 85 itn GornN Red 
1 5.000 mh 1 wrwr E9R. 
rass. PDM FSH Cl 7.750. 01 
688 367o day o«> 6517 nn 
911 3 3 TurhO 19IJ4 Btork 
OhhUrman’s rtr CM. 500 ' 
Phone 01 743 3386 Offlre 
horns or 01 *78 7078 
824 ■ 1986. T> Car r/c. pdm. 
Fan. superu mroughoul 
Cl 5.730 TN 0553 672Z13. T 
911 5C Sports Taro. 1979 mdL 


■ORSCHE 944 I irs while F rtrrn 
■ils 19H3 ■■M i mlrrt ivhrels. 
wms nnrtnr beihei sports 
seals siefi'o r.xlKi tasselie. sun 
ION lull -art Ire nnlnrv 
35.000 miles ni 450 ana 
IN 0024 4ao2<>2 flat nr 0924 

4 44 T VP | irv 

I2S 52 1°H5 linn op wrmr 

Mill lilac k leallwi MlHlP pipe 
rtf lm spell wsils. | SR. wide 
lic«k hi II p. irk alarm, lap lint 
nsiss ISII. isair.tnls Ten 87 
29.000 miles, arts .He sole 
C2H.4BO. Pnenlan Cheshire 
Ol>» 874077 

911 Ciirmyi iatirmlel sporL 
198o mart stllli malrnilHi 
hsilhei nik-flof siojirUrd ex 
lias slrreo rad io rnwlle. 
eieeirH sisilv 4.000 miles, 
slmsunom mruMtori £30.950 
IN CT7S522 2W9 

>44 I9H8 >c:i While with Man, 
< krill mierinr Ralln/caw. 1 
m. riel 28.000 miles VCC 
latnl £14 400 Trt.0903 


911 SC 74 ModM. rompiete en 
qme and hadv rrMiHd. FSH. 
Wluie r,**. £11.500. Rmn 
0B3S 314108 for a romplele 
hl-aois of lifts rar 



Meteor grey metallic. 
10,000 mites. Sport seats. 
Central locking POM. 
Owner's weekend car 
As new. £26,500. 

Tel 061 941 3858 
01 969 9955 (W) 

9X1 SC rmip- lira 82 V lm 
vvmimts SpcH is is Heels new 
1*T* Metaillir IniM lilue 7nni> 
ns imuiaiutalr I. lb GOO IH 
Ol 4Qff S7H2 fWiilkl 

911 TARGA r.iireia Itn 85. 
(ahuils ini lull r.m riin leal 11 

Pi Ml alias S fefnaie alaim 

Mir- 18 000 miles 12a 995 
IN Hurts 07*3 HM832I 

911 l.mta spB Is 1484 blue 
iiwi.tflli /mail Ihiwj mlenm 
net 1 It res 47 OHO iiillrv Isti. 
1.14 500 IN I lleils. 076389 
22o CMiii p (ITJV W!37 

944 TURBO .Ipiil 86 6.700 

miles sshile uiln likirt Interim 
U-allm .Harm iinm 
1 27 MO) Irl 0934 723o9 or 

911 TURBO Ciuirifs red Red/ 
hlark h-.ilhei him. 3.523 miles 
mils mini Nrnrnsi £40.000 
Hnnte 02X0 4224 afnre 0296 



Ml Ml III 1 I 

Heart of Ctassc Car Area m Lon- 
don SVfB FuBy etjmoped. Mb 
large offices (note 12 14 Cara) 
Ideal lor ore- Soosi war modes 
4 year lease Premoni leowed 
Offers around £15.000 
For Details Tel: 

01 731 3734 

1965 SUNBEAM TIGCR [ uRt ip 
s<im.-iI midiiHiM Mne letniHI 
\ x 4 :■ si iih -I inlit (nmersion. 

IMIS lA'Dllraf e' ohm's lull 

ltK»l 1.5 460 lieu lrtiOS32i 
riOOQop.OiA fOUdJt 77528 iHI 

LAGOMM Ctsupp ronserlllile 
I^W Jtaik htue Net. hood. 
O-cjtl i nofllLon with htslnrs 
<H|i-is milled amimd CM.OOO 
1 el >03221 M2oJl 

AUSTIN 18 IMP! RIM 1938. en 
ipne HMd. iiods work IUM\ In 
■Mils spiritl m rshrlh Sinllaixt. 
iHI -Is imllnl Tel 01477 6413 




•H J* 19 

LcEDS 508454 


H 0 an OaMta. GrapMa Min 
OevWwhBf liAspec 5000mH*s 
omy £2i 950 

nOuatMTMn Smw Si OOOnM 
FSH £9.950 

KGOlFGnCC Cbwnau. 5200 
irtft As re* £9 500 


SiSiC: eirXTON 


- Mi!!. CE-lE'S 

1985 C AlKfi 90 


ABS Leather. Sec Sunroof 


JAGUAR E Type 4 Si. 1970. -4falr 
exterior low mllnaqe wire 
wheels. hnninruMe C6.950 
Trt 0X444 3S6J 

POHfttS MPtOR 1956. 2 dr u 
ninths MUT good rond. 
£1 450 am Irt 01 998 4871 

VANDEN Hits d Ilire R Pnmm 
Canrmirve rand 45.000 mu. 
Oitns Tei Ol 229 2999 

VW COLT SUser and blark ton 
tniiMe \ rog. karman horty 1 
otsiirr f omplelclv oterluulnl. 
Inin ia< i dale mndllion Tel' 01 
236 7967 

ofStosme Square 

Quafity used cars 

ffi D taB Torts Qaatlra, zennatt silver, leather sun roof, 6J200 miles, £21995. 

83 Y Attfi Tnito Ouattni Rad. 33JX» miles. £11,495. 

85 D tad) KB CO Automatic, graphite, sun root. 6,500 mites, £11,995. 
85 D Audi Coupe. 22 CC Sabi black. 1100 nates. £11,995. 

84 B A«dl 88 Sport 140 BHP. rad. 31.000 mtfes, sun roof, £7,495. 

85 C Audi 90 Manat lomado red. 8500 miles. £8.795. 

86 C Jena GT, Atlas grej-. 6^00 mites, £7,256. 

84 B God GTT convettrae. ait black. 27.000 mites £7^50. 

. for further information phone 

214 PAV1U0N ROAD, LONDON, SW1. Tel: 01-730 2131 



H MaiSsi: l J:* i 




01-864 0838 



Peartescant White Metai- 
. fic, graphite leather, 


Saloon. Peartescant 
White metallic, 
Graphite leather 
TEL 0227 457611 


1988 (C) AUD1 100 S sand. 
meuBc ied 10000 mia. js 
new £8.335. 

1988 (1% GOLF GT? Con- 
KomWo Pewter wetaihL 
oa«o« q wawfl car «wn om, 
fl 000 rife AS rvw ESL7S5 
1885 (B) VW GOLF QTi 
Corwrtaa 4«o Boo Mataac 
1 owner laOOO Rife £8.495. 

EriMgb Road 
Reading RG1 5NJ 
0734 665111 

5000 Qaattro Vahre 

is® b rag red win Mart 
leame« rnkinof mmacuuna 
168000 ono 

Tel 51-859 6281 
Caiptorae OB38 231437 


5 so Manual. B teg. Sivar leaf, 
elect 5/rod. sense htstoiv. 

1 owner. 28,000 mb. eicailen 



Britannia Motor Co 
01-383 0012 

Muoipoone 3 weeks did. Genu 
me WllJII> sale upcti 
iillrasmnr remnle alarm mird. 

■HiUlattfe, far ojiIk 

£15.750. 021 7441705 

FERHAm 328 CTB 86 3.200 
miles Rikni red / Wart hide 
.Ur landiliainnij 1 owner 
1 st lUMMuuHy siumtiivi 
lloiisi' I ore ei im rrtuciaui 
We £38.995 Tel' 0628 32131 


Lease Purchase 
Contract Hire 

Cotea GT 2-0.167 PJ£S. 
Sunroof a/C. Sierso. 131 
mpR. M standard from this 
ultra modem sports car 
IP £77.78 CH. £97 JO 

AU pnees are weakly 8 
Kt to staius tar tna bid 
user. CH terras plus V 

Gresvewir Carat 
GaHdfonl Lid 
0483 234242 

MK 'VESA, nawSSte I "-walk 0M» 9077O6 

£25000 Ju« MH-tirrd 
Tel 0434 6(3616 

AUDI QUATTRO 119190, 1681 

{male ipqniranaii 60 FVN. 
tkuk Iriue aiwdraptianir radio 
urreo exrelleni performatirr 
and innamon 40.000 mh. 
£9,500 Trt i0452i o06&41 

1994 GOLF CT1 CamerUMe 
nwmI edition in all rherdtnai 
. mq while IB. OX) mu r?«H 2 
w pah* A Uiidur viarranty 
HP/PX A* an C7.995 Tel: Ol 
77fi 7883 T 

U i Court rrq. Man red 
Low- milnaae Smirr muon 
Radio r.rwlir Eler wlndow-i 
hunroN £5.950 Trt- 0702 
716715(0, or 0621 53341 iHI 

fCPMCCO GTh c Rea Mir-rra, 
■Hhiv tklveh •MiniOAi. lull **t- 
' ire hhmrt 90000 mile* 
(Mixam pure CO 000 PN Per' 
Trt 061 720 8U27 T 

23.700 mil«. wmie/Biark 
leal her bil -Hr rand. PAS. I 
Lull owner. C6.700 Extended 
u.UT.UilV Tel- Ol 340 8171 

FERRAKl 3J8 CTS ]Q86 600 
miles. rrn/M.vk.it1r alarm. Me 
rea Prwaie sale at IN price 
Trt OS2SS 2070 

1982 LOTUS TurtiaCwHil 2 Dr 
inimariilaie randumn Ire him-. 
1 r aiWul owner ClO.950 otm 
0372 711300 Quire Hr-. 

FERRARI 306 CTS O'’ May 85 

4.000 Doles, only Rom red / 
red luted nuwolH hide Deem 
from sooner Rear aerofoil Air 
ronrttixiniiH). One owner Full 
sen,rn hHtory AWMulelv lab- 
nkitrv A* new 328 |u*l arm ea 
C35 945. Tel Mr iihruM>09278 
4440 dav 0727 371 1 1 hiw 

ALTA ROMEO ManlnuL N Rep. 

30.000 nth. i owner intnuru. 
lale randdUMi Met Brown. 
RHD T.IOOOO Conlort Ol 724 
6360 et Shell* w 04252 7fWi - 1 

C R9C TVR JTiO SsEI Tafurmn C<hl 
sf-rliliir Hed. Bkirk leather 
I, till llrrliK windows, M-rea. 
14IXW allies FKH As net. 
Unit £14 750 062*617140 
1981 LANCIA Maine Carlo Sp, 
th'l Ct'iisei iHtfe Hl.trt a SDkr 
lail/t .its s-pecial l«W|j tPMiers 
MW, 0443 223423 1 
YVR S8(H 86 D Oint 2.000 
niN nvl Mark/leathCf 340 
minors spatfer C16.800 AIM 
423 3333 iO»- 9S4 0440 tHi 
IOC. i rtf with «rey mi 33.000 
mh. £4.760 am 0208863471 
•2 X FERRARI 308 OTW. lm 

900 CU 1984 tnartrt. & anam 5 
te'.irs rani i.trk rtnfl'iiiArd. 

‘ K ' *xxl uenLu hohw. 

■33.000 miles.. FSH. n n m a rulaie 
rumhiiim £9eOCi ono Tel 
O9y0 43465 .invllmn 
900 OL* 4 Di Aulo A Reo Pm 
line ' ihTdiuihoui Anuraiitn 
RddIO Healetl inner A Ptrt*m 
9er Seats l n» inlinnie Reason 
inr Sau- PHiterv of New Car 
£5 350 lOHXdi 353643 net On 



« Ante 1985 

tatgtopO/Btickskin hida 
9.000 nitteSi t ownar 
E165S0 . 

(0303) 8G2916 

OM^MuMiteMcvaiM' 10 l.sSnte 

'«esl 07OH4i74 7Ti tK ‘ | 5* Q7 


Automatic, btereh teM. 

Tib 8452 738811 

After fi.DOpRL 

JAGUAR 4 A Daimler SmereiQn. 
June HB. Oar (rtf. Mur. 16.000 
miles, iuiiv our rondiuaoed 
rumnteie t,-iin immv rtirm 

£14.750 lei R 8 X Srv'jj 

JAGUAR XJU in nianniiiretn 

rt kuii.iI ro, milion Law imie 
■we (7, ensiled liumtwe 
£4 000 r.imwurth 7MS4-J in, 
O.'l ?Sl r-207 «» 

XJ* I4«4 HHViei t, lllte 29.000 
iiiiH-i es MruM iHr--s i .u . un 
■iiaruiai- t.iSt.945 hi-n nnr- 
■\tlsllli Km el kritlliM klarktl 
0444 71XV32 

JAOUAR. DAunuER 1963 Hf 
Oimre IM 49 setrale rdtMn- 
£a.- *45 i 1 4 COO 1st 19 snare 
P\ Tel n| 554 ««»S 5 C-.STX |1 I 
JJ 006 mh. 6 Res. Mile 
i«W I *sn, j t r ustnamv. rwl 
rii|i,| £14.945 tel thl 106761 
32674 HI, 0,4 1 74d CttXl 

TY >?fJlA° U AR S«»'£»>letoe» 


'r** * 

4 ' 1 , 

''i. . — 






Mercedes-Benz in London 


icil4 ( €oto(buofo 


Examples Of Our compeiitivp mctude 

Normand (Mayfair) Ltd. 


01-6295831 01-9083577 



& Company 

88 C 250 TO automate, 
otoc sun roof, abs, 9.000 
mites only eifcaso. 

85 B 280 SE elec sun roof, 
aloy wheels, afos 
... 07,950. 

85 B 280 E atoc sun roof, 
ahoy wheels, abs, Mix. 
12. M0 mtes only . iM 5, 9S ; 

wheels, ouse. 

1983 (A) an SE. manganese 
Drawn. Brazil velow, ABS. alloy 
wheels. etoctnc mi craw 

Control ETfljOO 

I9B4 (A) 280 SE. MM way. btek 
veto*. ABS. etoctnc rant, electric 
wndoirs. rato/tasseRg S1W50 

1B79. ensued in WMo. only 

SMOOmtoS a pnna aamDlB ol 

ma mu*i sDutm oKw "wu> 

Naffiagtam (0602) 637257 

wsoslc. t9Bo. smer. ruuspeef- 
nmwn. BcauUfUl Or. 
Prhauny ewaM. ciaooo. Te» 
owa 54285 utavtunu Ol sz a 
454T lavciunm. 

4 SO 9LC Auto Rev On 79. M» 
2nd car. MM Crrcn. Stereo. etac 
window*. Sunroof, arrow con- 
trol. tmnur rand- £10295. TM: 
Ol 62 « 0818. Ol 499 3855. 

280 SL auto. HanUSotl Too. 
1970. Pow*r Blur/ Muf mt- 
£1 2000 sperU on resoration ty 
otrolMBUMUU. ' InamntMt. 
£12X100 ooo. TM: 0761 70677 

430 SLC. 1981. W rev. Cold 
Low- mnaor Alarm Exc. cond. 
£13.960. B-lwm 1021 » 2361093 
icuyi or 4642126 i home). 







An exclusive 
office telex 
with a the 
popular faculties 
£89* plus vat ' 
A portable version 
is also avaJJabte 

NX 4* Mro owntrah comntato 
Dy.vwaJBi PLAS. Sopob In 
Bflteb Rung Gnat. Beauphd 
last practical motor car. 
QSjBM mm 

Rteg FnaficU 318 

(East Sum) 


Teh (0222) 730936 
Office Hears 


CmUon » new. 7600 nWWL 
tot Grain w0i MamH nde. 1 
ownar.faM^bjTtoi* Ro»ce. 

61-340 4125 


01-441 7089 

Rme mChme ol h* *IV1C» and mananBea programme rod are bwurf m a 
3 war turn. Mh 3 months eonaaieoi mu/ pays!* in attoocc. 

For ream auouhon on any new ewnoaw car or v 
ftmm *922 B14VM Tela 335869 Ol Ml 3260771 Tcfcx G6572S 


5^00 Miles. 
Metallic Mue, 
Chauffeur Main- 
lined offers to: 

01-623 4364 

280 SE. 
•gost 85 (Q- 

nas NKROEMS 300 SC ; - PW- 
rut MW roMnatc/etram 
interior. CtectrK sunroof and 
win down. Attar*. Crufs* tan- 
trot Headlamp wwrtt ««»«•■ 
superb Pwmrer radto/carorttc. 
fsh l owner from new Only 
26000 min EJcreUral enndmon- 
£14.750. TM.0274 682651 

ImnacMM Managing Hum's 
- sacond or. 4JOO rafts anir-Do- 
mood Mm mttfc. EMriuori. 
Mwvtaeta. LautwieMUny. 
HeatigH «ti wee. Hoatod hunt 
seats. Cone coiftol.lteton tor 
s*. raw c* armed 01.500. DNO 
TMt— toltiimnMI, 
BHinu 8781 3738*. 

230 C. A rev automatic. Anthra- 
cite grey metallic. Air 

rtmmuniine. PA& SMcMr wta. 

• dow* Electric .win* mirror. 
Becker canrtte / i»d». 27X100 
mile*. I vr wwranD) avnuante 
£8.790. TM 01 565 9906. 


Ai in* *4 
itf * 

300 SL AUlO. April 1986. C IT9- 
Melanie btue/Uack. cream 
leather interior, all ™n- 

SS^iSSStoasSbo fmies. w 


45974 iprtiale 6 Bucks). , 

»0 IT Estate. 1 m Auto;, 
nuttf. While with daranwe. 
interior FdD sjertf’f*'**' i" - 
clodrv atf londtltotrtno. 
third row mvhl dwrata” 
IMM wavi. mw twWroor . un 
nuK-utaie. £10.600. TM.- 
1001211 6154 

CM OCi !«84 iBl Auto. mo. su- 
rer owe ran / w i* 
imnur. alloys. stereo cam- cent 
tackinv. T5H irem new 35.000 

/ 042H4114 inn A w/end*l 

285 CE <B1 Smoked SUV. MMtl- 
talned ' bv Mercedes. EW 
S/roof, windows. Alloy wheels. 
- stereo rad/cas*. 94.000 mnev 
£16 SOO O-n-O. Tet. Ol 607 

ZSBC 53 Auto. Irani amrasL 
wniw/OMpe im. imu ic sun- 
roof. imraaniiaie cwxuHon. 
47.000 mb. 6 months TAX & 
MOT £7.860. 01-392 1563 eves 
A w'mds (0961 2732507 day 

MOSEL March 82. fun sneanca- 
uon nun electric seats, service 

hrswev. 59.0O0jTdtmhencelow 

price of C12.T5a Teh 0253 
826039 any lime 

250 SC. V re®. tUB. M anual . 
20 .000 miles. EXcMen! condi - 
tion. Cl 2.500 TW. 01 681 1463 
ader 6om 01 640 0541 94tam 


83 A Lapis Mue. 
28,000m, FSH, E/r, 


0202 740442 (Bn) 

MOBMUMM Y«9 Dec. 1982. 
bemr/brown wttn maictan* in- 
imor. radto/casscue. anoys. 
nudge Bart. FSH. 31.000 tan 
£7.850. TM-01 660 6193 or 
0060 387181 

tmaencs BENZ 230TC. 1985 
(BV tuning roof. 19.000 roues, 
one owner, preen/toeige imeri- 
ar. absohiiMy munacuiaie. 
£11.950 TM 0244 313731. 
Ihomel 0244 336694. • 

Oi[,-r 84 A. Merredey BrW 200 
vutomjuc. PAS^Jun 
ttjI lorkin*. dec window*., 
ii,OCO ml lev wiui (5H. 
iuios 0403 7QOD61. SI ««. 

280 1985 (C> 6 wed. While. 
Bturinm 1 owner 1 5. 99^!^ 
Lire sunroof, rtereo Bad/CMt 
MB Guarantee IrawferoMc 
Cl 0300. 0400 2199 Off Ht-sT. 

HOC AUIO 1986. Blue BlacKMec 
windows. T.OOO rah. Lonnser 
voUn wire vflKSA and lyre*. 
£135)50 0268 698343 

SCO SEL. 600 mh. Smoke sttver 
/Burgundy •£E*J2& 

/ordered in error Office 0 232 
722535 Home 026683 307. 

MO SL B Rev. IMS. only 8.000 
IMICV Mue. a&t. CTUB*. aDoys. 
radio/Mereo. £25.00 0. T el 
0264 74131 or 0264 47825. 

MO SU- 1982. Champagne roe 
talBC. esn. AUran. IMg 
cassette. 30.000 roUes. FSH. 
Excellent, i owner. Mtri car. 
£11.995. TM (BUM 091 272 
3191 I*ve») 091 488 7366. 

SOODBeg AprUM. Auto.SW. 
BtueCMUt. E/SB. R/CA9S. 
16.000 mis. Beaut. Cond . 
£11.600 OtaO. Teh 107241 
872430 eves/ 720852 

MO see 1964 B. smer. Bloc ve- 
lour. 34 XXX) mh. Chairman* 
personal car Irem i»wl Ftffi. 
main agent history. ABS. Air 
ran. Ok S/R Bauto Mtone 
■Motorola) memory seats et c. 

New 560 arrived, wewonal 
car £25X00. Tel: 06077 6*34. 


Mercedes Bare main 

Underwriters for tote and 
low mieage Mercedes. 

f .' : 


■ST prim for aO late tow mile 
age mOdeH NaUonwMe 
raUKt ton Ctarfc'* UM871 77242 
/7T284 Eve* 


SILVER srarr A reg. FSH. «ne 
owner •from new. V.CC. 
£25.000. 01-742 6582 

SPORT B6 9X00 ml*. MagnoHa. 
AU extra*. FSH. ESIJOO. Teh 
109321 66192 or Ol 891 0036 

RLVDt SPORT 1981. 24.000 
mue*. 1 Company Chatrman- 
gwner. Rolls malntainea. ban 
evrrflex roof, magnoltaupliol- 
very, immaculate. £29X00. 
Tel 051 424 3162 lOfficrL 0606 
882963 (borne) 

BCHTUCT T scrie* 1976. Ookten 
tjrorar/Wack Mde uphotacry. 
Superb. Low mileage for i tar. 
£ia.7sa southbouinc cam 
motors Boyn mo uffi- Wwgf 

0200 427653 or 0202 42268a 

SHADOW H. 77. 68X00 MH. 
FSH. AU usual HR Extras. 
£13 u 450. Wasramy PX Avail 
awe. 0860 357156 or 0494 
814307. Astdev Car Soles. 

KNTIJET S> decimtw 1962 MV* 
vrr grey. 79X00 mBe*. history 
available. rodM i raodmon. 
£ 12.000 Tet Ol 365 2538 


Dean Blue irobfec. MagooBa 
battier tnm, 8UOO mtos. fufl ser- 
wce hstny avHbbb on request 


Catead T. ItaHleisM 

0642 480011 

OLVERWraUhllwtUidtV 1979. 
2S.Q00 (Idles. 1 owner Ouiuf 
feur dmen. Stack, grey toutier 
Interior. Phone front and rear. 
£26.730. Tei 062882 4045 vaf- 
ler &00proV 

1980 SHADOWS Blue, really ex- 
ceoem conddion. private sale.. 
£18300 Please ml Mr Singh 
mu- 01-636 7906 eves 01-456 
2642. . . 

SILVER SHADOW 1976. walnut 
brown with magnolia leather 
Udertor. 27X300 ndies. FSH. 8 
track maetie. all eMcOtni «• 
Irak E17J260. TM 0858 34064 

nut wttn raagnoHf 
64.000 mBe*. FSH. £16.995 
Tet 00444 3551 

<Mv. metaac green, excedenl 
rnmunon. usual extras. £7.995. 
ring 01 693 7378. 

Not anpons. toensed eradrt 
brokare. Warranty 8 genriOng 
canted out by your local dealer 

Saloon Auto 

m Many extras DOM nri ABS. 

9.000 rrds. 

£19X50 or toast BB car El 0&QB+ 


Estate Auto 

B6 Man y ex tras Wad tod ABS 


£19350 or toara ms car Iram 

£iifi 15* vat par Wk. 
guts is n idler only 

TBtflZI 745 5SS5 Office 

C l . '* r -o ■ t . ■: i . : • . • : r jmw 




SATURDAY 1st NOVEMBER at 2^0 p-m. 

Over 70 historic and dassic 
automobiles for sale 

Catalogues - Ol 584 7444 




ONLY 17799 + VAT 
or £5.75 weekly 

MODEL 80005 
£imoo + VAT 

TEL 794-9893 (24HR) 

Call us for demonstration 


S3 u u 
■M u u 
1 B a a 

a ta a 

-a c 

’.V. notour BUKA 
1W CCBMin HR to 

41 ftUIOAV CABlUfftBS 

r>. teas nans 

umw itia« comijx 


wtf mom fiaiooo on 

t n t'lisno 

pattfc nsoj« rant aafffB 

Expanenced person raquued 
to manage 

Traded Options Fund. 
Further aeons: 

Royco AG 
(01) 437 2052 



Export pitta-red 
Complete Phot tar Paper 
Bag Manufacturing 

26 Cobden Chadwick Paper 
Bag MacNras. 26 Nol. 
electrical marshal stringers. 
Realistic otters mvitsd 

I a I : ; >1 ■?.’ h “ I ' 1 1 - 'J 

M Braofenfc lead. W8toa 
Bi radtotfaiB BS 7AB 
Tet 021-356 2493 


long established, South 
London. T/o f65^00, 
currently manag e d. 

£18,000(1 years GP) 
plus S.A.V. 

Reply to BOX G53. 



RoOs-Royco - 
£99 par day 
£35 per day 
UnBmtted mileage 
B1 283 7237 9«n-9pJO 




PORTSMOUTH (070S| 830412 


Night dub, discotheque. 
Capacity 250. 2 shop 
units, factWy forresteu- - 
rant with day-time 
opening. High takings 
and one shop sub-let 42 
years lease with 5 year 
reviews. Ideal town cen- 
tre position. £175.000 or 
near offer. Finance easily 

Phone (0234) 50606 
between 5pm - 6pm 

H 1 ' ft 


For toss titan £9.300. tor 
apodal leasing arrange- 
ments, pleas e phone 
01-543 3232 







Free Demonstration 

J £££o£2w a# *" Br 

The above bom arty £15 pv week 

In— > Or mh 

* Mi nags ai ehenbafai always avateUs 



Slam da uw; 

11Q8—Z35Q psi 
From atrif 

£9 per week! 

Tel: 0942 897777 
Altar torn 8942 878484 


cesnid (amfly csMied inter- 
national taBMon chain tradhto 
'm London from a large ana 
Imposing first class comer 

S marts in Wt wishes to 
use ol rts London busi- 
ness as a go«ng concern to 
exchange for shares in an- 
other. TTw promises 
command a high premun and 
preference wnl be giwan to a 
large fashion rmitipte. 

Reply to BOX DOS. 

Mbs Speocer 
01-995 6617 
After boars 01-995 9763 




iaduAtg aU parts d tee UK. 


Whether you era ■ ferge pub- 
ic company or a bank or the 
small trader those who are 
due you money shodd be 
made to pay whether me 
amount is small, medium or 
very large. 

We can arrange such a cot- 
lecnon service as above 
described through planned 
conecdons of repute but can- 
not of course guarantee 
payment if your cretitor is 
bankrupt or verging upon tt. 

tnqumes about this UK wide/ 
worid-wide one stop debt col- 
lection service should be sera 

Weir & Fra lies W-S. 


Established 1963. Gas 
heated 2,700 sq ft bwld- 
ing. Lease avaUabte. 

Customers in aircraft and 
computer industries. 
Enormous potential for 
active cfirectors. Sale as 
going concern. 

Orca £210,000. 

Reply to BOX A25 

Tek UK 031 22S 7251 

rewritten estimates of 
any costs involved will 
be provided on 


industrial park with outine 
planning permission for 20 
industrial units of approxi- 
mately 1.000 sq ft each. 
Situated North Dorset orty 
14 mHas from Poota. 

For further details 
0258 54550. 



uvhnt8d ac 9 g * "Vnarai 
W3ie<«i0ll5irTWSn Alnca. Written 
or W*D- enqims only 10 dm: 



TIL 01-315 3A88 

By UaittJ Bsnhoo 

"It'S If* food that makes 
this W restaurant on 
wi;. The food is so 
complex, rick tasiveutd 
dciiaota (heart is tpue 

unlike wy otter Thm 

fyodfre tried in 
London. This is Thai 
food at its moa regal: it 
a pricey at mound £20 a 

head for aiorge meal 
bm ready is quite 
outstanding . " 



"A fine example of 

upmarket ethnicity. I 

took forward to a return 





Explore Iht subtle ehgaace aad grandeur of 
tie fofest fadioa restamoat to M Loarfn 









tee the ait ol lusiiMly « l tndMe 
Wens the expense ol our master duts tram Kashira, 
ttaptopog tec me ofe skfe unpwrileW n London. 

■k Buffet Lrach £9U5B 12-3 pn 

k Dhmsr a fe carte 7-11 M pn 

* Snday CbMpaipit Broach 
1BJ0 wrt pn 

★ Satenby/SuBday weriogs 7-11J0 pn 


01491 8764 


captain wtwa u a a . sea 

NAflllllMlf .WKIIIIP. W5 eao 


BUTTS 74 Mwr Unr. tXU 
IM -row 

DOWNS Mipr Bar. ErU lMWa 
S1IM VV1 401 3MIU 


CONDOMS 47 \UUm sairai. 
hW uwnl wttn- tew » Lou 

• uoh oi uan iMW 

IJM-. wca 836 8849 



Finest Indutn Qristne. 

Exquisite Tnadoati and Chefs specialty 
se asoned to yoar own taste. 

Covrtesy car NvaOabfe for parties of 2 or more. 
(3 miles radius approx) 

Special bssiness lanch available. 

Open 7 days, 

12 noon - 3 pm/6 pm - midnight 
57 Westbonrne Grove, W2 
TeL- 01-221-9396 

Air conditioning 

Private function room available 


Sn Lanka'S master dot 
rffars you a taste ol 


Oily £750 No lunch iw busness on Satontay and Suicby. 


Operaq ban 12-3p« Lm-1148 pm 

Telephone : 01-385 0M8 

4» Mtam Read. Uafera SWG 

add something special 



Is 006 open on Sundays for Brandi. Load) aad Dimw. 

11 Park Walk 
London SW10 

Teh Reservations 01 352 3449/8249. 


You’ve just 



(Tei 01-23? 60401 


Large A La Carte Menu of 
Peking. Szechuan and 
Cantonese dishes in 
addition to our seafood 
spec i alities. 

Open 11 am to 12 pm. 
Air-conditioned and fully 
licensed. Large and small 
panics canned for. 


01-434 2508/7340677 





Successful new, 
anuquanan and 
secondhand trade. Small 
country ro«™ SW En^a nt L 
freehold md tides 


Iht hr Sitd'itv b.-Cl'k.- -M HE 

UtCHPi m i: *rnr B.W- 
f»»ro«Ti Huh Approurn )*E1 
«M » 'TO 

iumui row®. 4 ‘ SfS? 

.. Audm MKT*. W» 4« 0600 

■ommu. puilmmm. n * rtl 

nrond. «« 

TMK —OHM. U. Pv«*M 4 WnMH. 
■ LCS 4H8 0131 

UkMKTOMS «*«■ au. IS JW SW30WCK* U ,,w l l |V. 

‘ 1W! » TSSTtS^JS* WP Mraw 

UKTlMt VMro- gg H«r m«i/I i>/*ui 
(Will SUM. M-l Ol 402 9VCS VOLTMMS. 41 MMUni LdUF. 

wrs* -40 n*t 

1 W IHCH. Wise 8ar frig . 

(jnJU Iw 6WIB Ol M7 VOUUS E 0 H 08 *. 1H Orw 

. * alii MAG 

OUMCR*. 41 Mm* Wtrol. wi 
b9» 2)134 

Mi«4. W(3 «JiO 8849 

WMMJE*. L23 “**4. 

. 229 09 1 7 

max of vomtup 



AHCNA - Vri H.mnvi Roud. 

taMMi't- WbIUIpw Ol ■W 


RUMOURS Coauu aw 33 WM 
Urmon Mrrat. WC2 01 836 
0038 - 


5 Mgh SL. EgfUHn, Sumy 

Teh 0784-39494 

Menu irduswe 
- euenmgs. 5 courses 
mdudinq settSRd wires £20 
An extraonfirmy 
Nouvelle eweence 
* Busines s & S unday 


* Convenient M25 

Heattifow. Wirt sor, Ascot 
* torn A3Q pos«on-Car Part; 

ulr Piudnrron nuikrtino a 
(i«Uil\ rouiviOiMl raw Ol ro 
ArdiRUM products for I tip 
Garden Cram GUI and Can 
MTidUou markets This n a 
uwrnMUi voting business and 
is laiqHy for sak- as a tonse 
Ciinm Cauls run frivn am - 
base and qraeralim an asrawe 
dross nurwn at 77 ll niters a 
reainur opoortumb loaauirea 
small buranKs wim oinsianding 
potential £35 000. Deumm 
makers Praly i*> BOX aio 
for sale Larue wm. 2 large 

■ saunas, urruci. 12 bed -ailan 
urn. danCr/aertsbir-. area, steam 

■ raHmeiv snouers and rfianrond 
rooms. OHM - .- and leeepbra. res- 
Uu/aiU and bar area wiin a 
liceme Car part. 2 0 ye ar lro» 
iron 1963 at cfs.reora « 
|e« HI I he reqnm OTJ90.000 
JOHN D WOOO & CO 49 Os- 
lord Streel. SaulMmplon. SOI 
1DP 0705 22536! 

BROMYARD Hrnfnrdsme Su- 
pi-rh petrol /dhira ■stahon wKb 
ugrWiw n lard 4M. wlh 
neuirned, 3 

unub,. r/H Cl 38-000 Adnan 
Keefe a partners 0584 ^30451 
run bnsHu-n in «*ert cuwn 
Lspenenre pen .1 rn-resMTs 3 
dries itilb a m-rlioom «torm.s 

timHUla' 1 OOO * s 

T<4 0750 762TCI menirwr-. 
wmc WAREHOUSE e -frotosj 
ei. an ^unri *.lwl bffIKt hell, 
i.un pnormotis poteniiai. l/o 
LisCuOW. Indtm prafUaMV 
15 v* Seav £50.000 ♦ SA\ 
Rrpn to BOS G89 
nmieiili lemporan stall Conn 
r-idUlisima A imtiKifiiv w 
cv-nful. wed slliuinf rtfite 
suifc WOT RjgdS to BOX 061 

WANT TO START a new Bust- 
nev.7 Take up an opportunity 
■Klim voui own mHUHiw and 

dme. finest a nine money and 
a HU m effort lor good rewards. 
Sort in romerture wim ettab- 
Ibhrd Spanish Beal Efetae 
Company, lull mafewto nal 
pen by miaUfiM and licenced 
rompany _8o» 213 

Benatmadena Coda. Mtaapa. 

ARGENTINE VILM Director setl.- 
ura addii tonal capital lortow 
nudqei film foe cinema. Good 
ram mere HI prospects. Subeira 
nai fmancul backing already 
obtained WM1 known produr- 
non team 7 more ormnal 
srr era plays in preparation. 
Only principals wsrn mimrnum 
ol CIOO.OOO 'hoTOd reply 
Please ronlacl BOX C73. 
EXPORT TO OS*. Cnm an Coujne 
based ir Kansas Oty IMeresnu 
m * 

• product in i. S.». Tet Or Eiu> 
onOlMJ 2817 ( °r 
in England isov 3rt-7m or 
wnie K> PO Bos 2319. Olalhe. 
KS6oOo2 l S.a 
Idly espandinq Company w«k 
. sales espeiiise 4 mcesuneni In 
hignlv lucranse WJC 

Sun lomw & Repiacemeni Wro 
item mouthy Own 

Manofartunng PtaM. S.E. & 
-n RepIV to BOX C62 
lun lime income. 10 nrs a 
mouth no selling >x> (oroprth 
linn rapiial rrauired EtsSOO 
finance available. HIM «;• 
Cteen 01 302 8311 orvwMe 
Prosperiqb-n Lid. Odd ST llo 
Reoenl Street. London Veil 
WITH TRADED Options in cur 
reiKtcv gold, and ■ l S Eton, 
ntnrkrt Indu es, piua snrend op- 
I Kim. il is possible 10 nun 

1)000 Into CIO OOO secy 
■iiurtit "1 w Known rb* Mim 
ruum invcstroeiu £2-500 
Details P C P S Ol 930 671? 

pnaarr sales io me dumic 
rnmpani (pquiio inlcresting 
Inner -surplus or uidiy goods 
rtmsuleredi *Ko ouvers sougM 
lor ronsianl supplies of anUgues 
a. stnpping Hems Tel TMIORt 
■0952) 52803 anytime 
own business in property and 
Business transfer, we leach you 
and train you. No capital Itrvesl- 
mcnl Pnone Henry Potior. 
0602 608909 

ELECTRONIC safe (new/ 
launches nation*, ide soon 
Dealers ssin (Qrn *3* OK far 
/on Wire \ few areas slBI 
asaUafik- Ol B74 9926 'Day' 
01 9eC I4« iW/end*E*ej 
UNIQUE 'rare metre nipn \ascs 
Haiuiniiide tor ttandPainUno 
Inm arise mrtbod under l K 
Pdhni upple'.tunn H< Ip smeml 
hum ramoans /nulls tilua) De 
Ulh. trtinKWaf- 604406 
WORKING or nun worMnu part 
u>r rrrami svim ramtui loi 
lieu fi-sMunuil/hsx on Scuiii 
ci srs l in prefnirt hading posi 
lion Repl« to BOX £91 
£50.000 m CASH asafUMe irom 
pnsau- bosmessroan wHt, time 
A capital Anything legal ron- 
Mdered Reply to BOX A15 



By Derek Harris 

Accountants hate the chance to create a 
more efficient small-business sector with 
a higher degree of financial awareness 
among those running small firms, 
according to a stndy*. out this week, fay 
the Small Business Research Trust 

But it means tackling the suspicions 
! w«tall businesses have of accountants 
while the profession could introduce 
c hants to help small Gnus more, the 
sarrey suggests. 

Most small businesses keep good 
f i n ancial records but are enable to 
interpret the data. Yet, as the survey 
points out, business owners can have an 
astute, intuitive appreciation of prof- 
itability, liquidity and financial ef- 
ficiency. It leaves small businesses 
reluctant to approach accountants for 

help, partly because of mistrust of what 
services are being offered and how final 
fees will be arrived at 

The actual level of fees did not 
however, appear to be a special worry. 
But owner-managers in small businesses 
often think that accountants do not 
understand them or their 
says the survey. 

It suggests that the accountancy 
profession should fake a lumber of 
initiatives, ind rating: 

• promoting u oa site" counselling 

• establishing management-info rmation 
system guidelines; 

• developing an independent foOow-ap 
smkt to monitor the impact of business 
plans and other proposals; 

the ideas 


of others 

By Peta Levi 

Many designers have brilliant ideas — 
and many of them remain just that. Now 
a company has been formed to develop 
and market such ideas — at no charge. 

Design Marketing Ltd (DML) was 
formed in 1985 by the entrepreneurs 
Brian Rogers, Peter Pearce and Peter 
Carter, with backing from BBHQ, a joint 
venture between Baring Brothers and 
Hambrecht & QuisL the American 
venture capitalists. 

DML operate an open-door policy. 
Anyone with a marketable design or idea 
can phone or write. Stria confidentiality 
is observed, so that they will not 
interview a designer before signing a 
non-disclosure agreement 

Results, says Mr Rogers, are encourag- 
ing: of 500 ideas put forward over the last 
year, 40 are being closely investigated, 
one has already been launched and 12 
are due to be in the next six months. 

The designer-inventor is not asked to 
put up any money. A licensing arrange- 
ment is made between DML and the 
designer, with DML financing the 
development and manufacture and the 
designer receiving a royalty on every 
product sold. Royalties vary depending 
on factors like sales volume. 

He or she is encouraged to help 
develop the product, for which there is 
also payment 

The first product DML is launching 
came from Sir Clive Sinclair’s brother, 
lan. Professor of Industrial Design at the 
Royal College of ArL Mensa Steps is said 
to be the ultimate IQ game. You have to 
answer a question correctly before being 
able to buy h for £24.95. So for. 3,500 
Mensa Steps have sold by mail order and 
it is being launched in the US. 

The second product to be launched is 
an apron with attached elasticized oven 
gloves, designed by Belinda Winstaniey 
DML helped with packaging, bulk 
purchasing power and finding a manu- 
facturer and a big retail chain to launch 
the apron in the New Year. 

■ A pita experiment providing career- 
development loans is to be made more 

flexible, foflowing an intervention by 
David Trippier, the Minister for Small 

Businesses. His talks with high-street 
i banks have resulted in the muifmum for 
! leans being reduced from £500 to 
£300. It means more courses will quafify 
because a proportion of them costs 
less than £500. 

The loans are available in four areas: 
Aberdeen, Bristol/Bath, Reading/Slough 
and Greater Manchester. They are 
part of a three-year trial but as soon as it 
appears to be successful it is likely to 
be replicated elsewhere. So far three 
banks are involved - Barclays, Co- 
operative and Clydesdale. 

■ Women in Enterprise (WE), which 
promotes women in business, is 
organizing a Women mean Business 
conference and exhibition at Wakefield. 
Yorkshire, on November 7. The aim is 
to help both women contemplating their 
own business and those who have 
already started. Free counselling wffl be 

WE is responding to what it sees as a 

Brian Rogers; Results so fur 
are encouraging 

A London Transport engineer’s idea 
for a baby-proof plug is being discussed. 
An idea by an American designer 
introduces a hi-fi speaker said to produce 
high-quality sound at low cost; this is in 
final stages of acoustical testing. Another 
project which has a pilot mail-order 
launch this week is a kit to sell your own 

Mr Rogers, who is chairman of DM^ 
is aged 41. He gave up research in 
aerodynamics at Cambridge to learn 
marketing with an international chemi- 
cal company and after 1 1 years became 
disillusioned with large company ways. 
Five years later, he t$ chairman of three 
companies which have a combined 
turnover of £10 million. 

The origin of DML can be traced back 
to another Rogers company. Heritage 
Crystal, which has a mass-production 
process for engraving crystal glass by 

One of Heritage's breakthroughs was 
to persuade British credit card com- 
panies to insert merchandise offers fay 
mail order in monthly statements. It led 
to the production of a mail-order 
catalogue for BarclaycanL 

In 1984 Mr Rogers set up Quorum 
which now distributes 25 million cat- 
alogues. featuring mainly novelty items 
which cannot be bought in shops.. 
Quorum was offered many good ideas 
which needed financial and other 
development, the role DML has now 
taken on. 

growing trend for women to run their own 
businesses. Last year about 6 percent 
of small businesses in Britain were owned 
by women. 1 

•Contact WE, 26 Bond Street, 

Wakefield WF1 2QP; phone (0924) 



Kanftyva. - 

“Would yon join me in a drink to 
celebrate my birthday, Mrs Turnbull? 
You're all Ire got” 


It isn’t always the cheapest, although it might 
appear so at first 


Customers spend more time trying to get 
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Law Report October 24 1986 

# nmary dismissal for 
misconduct not unfair 

. McIntyre Ltd, from 

of the Employment 
lbuttal (Mr Justice 


Pritchett and Another v J. 
McIntyre Ltd 

Before Lord Justice May. Lord 
Justice Mustill and: Lord Justice 

(Judgment given October 22] 

The .-Summary dismissal of 
two employees for misconduct 
was not rendered unfair because 
of the on plover's failure to put 
the allegations of the miscon- 
duct to them and to invito them 
to give, any possible explana- 

The Court of Appeal so held 
in allowing an appeal by the 
a decision 

Appeal Tribunal (Mr 
Wute. Mr A. D. Scott and Ms P. 
Smith) that had reversed the 
decision of an industrial tri- 
bunal by granting declarations 
to the two applicants, Mr KL J. 
Pritchett and Mr J. Dyjasek. 
that their dismissals had been 
unfair. . 

The applicants were .refused 
leave to appeal to the House of 

Mr Christopher Butler for the 
employer; Mr Robin Allen for 
the applicants. 

that the applicants had applied 
to an industrial tribunal for a 
declaration that they had been 
unfairly dismissed — the pro- 
visions of section 57 of the 
Employment Protection 
(Consolidation) Act 1978 not 
having bees satisfied by their 
employer. That tribubal held the 
dismissals to be fair. 

The Employment Appeal Tri- 
bunal, allowing the applicants' 

' appeal, held that the industrial 
tribunal's decision to be per- 
verse — one that in the circum- 
stances no reasonable tribunal 
could property have come to. 
The employer appealed. 

The employer was a metal 
- merchant and processor. In 1984 
investigations had begun into 
the disappearance of scrap metal 
and into the manipulation of 
samples that resulted im 

employees receiving excessive 
bonus payments. 

The police had been involved. 
A number of witness had im- 
plicated the two applicants and 
in consequence they had been 
pui into a different shift and 
kept under observation. 

In July 1984 valuable 
aluminium bars went missing 
and the employer formed the 
view that in all the circum- 
stances the case a gpnia the 
applicants was absolutely un- 
answerable. No purpose was 
seen in calling them in for an 
interview and a decision was 
made to dismiss them - both 
summarily there and then on 
the ground of their gross mis- 
conduct. The applicants bad 
before the industrial tribunal 
denied any involvement in the 

The industrial tribunal ap- 
proached the case by directing 
themselves in accordance with 
the decision in British Home 
Stores Ltd v BurcheU Q1978] 
IRLR 379). They concluded that 
the employer's belief in the guilt 
of the men was genuine; that 
, reasonable groundsexisted for 
the employer having that belief 
and that m the circumstances 
the employer had carried out as 
much investigation into the 
matter as was reasonable. 

Thus far no criticism had 
been made of the tribunal's 
conclusion. Indeed in the tight 
of the findings of fact and. the 
BurcheU decision, the industrial 
tribunal could have slopped 
there and concluded that the 
dismissals were fair. 

However they had gone on to 
a further matter the manner in 
which the dismissals bad taken 
place. British Labour Pump lid 
r Byrne ((1979] ICR 347) - an 
Employment Appeal Tribunal 
case concerning the correct ap- 
proach in cases such as the 
present and which had been 
approved of by the Court of 
Appeal in Polkey v A. E~ 
Daunton Services Ltd {The 
Times October 23. 1986) — 
stated two question that were to 

be considered by the industrial 
tribunal, namely (1) had it been 
shown ou a balance of probabil- 
ities that the employer would 
have taken the same course had 
an inquiry been held, and (2) 
had the employer shown that in 
the lig ht of the information that 
be had and bad be gone through 
all the normal procedures, be 
would still have been behaving 
reasonably m deciding to dis- 
miss. . , 

Such a test had here been 
considered by the industrial 
tribunal. To have pot the allega- 
tions to the applicants and to 
have invited their explanations 
would, it was held, have been a 
“meaningless formality". 

Thus the tribunal concluded 
that notwithstanding the 

employer's failure to follow the 
normal dismissal procedures the 
mannw in which the applicants 
were dismissed did not make 
their dismissals unfair. 

The Employment Appeal 
Tribunal's derided that that was 
a conclusion that offended n 
son and, property directed as to 
the law, was not one that was 
open to the industrial tribunal 

However, it was quite appar- 
ent that the industrial tribunal 
had directed themselves wholly 
correctly as to the law. More- 
over it bad been more than dear 
to that tribunal that in a normal 
my the failure of an employer 
to pm allegations of misconduct 
u> an employee would usually 
make his dismissal unfair - the 
manner of the dismissal being a* 
matter to be taken into account. 

But it was not possible to say 
that the industrial tribunal had 
not been entitled to decide these 
two cases as they had or to 
categorize their decision as be- 
■ing perverse. The Employment 
Appeal Tribunal were not jus- 
tified in bolding as they did. 

Lord Justice Mustill and Lord 
Justice Bingham agreed. 

Solicitors: Turner Kenneth 
Brown for Harrison Golds & 
Rush worth. Nottingham; Freeth 
Cartwright & Sketehley, Not- 

Hanley a nd Gill are jokers in pack to face the awesome Australians 

Aces wild for Bamford’s Britain 


School governors 9 findings of fact 
cannot be reheard hy committee 

McGoMrfek V Brent London 

Borough Council 
Before Mr Justice Roch 
[Judgment October 22] 

Findings of fact by which the 
governing body of an infant 
school cooduded that allega- 
tions made against the school's 
head teacher had not been 
substantiated and that she 
should be reinstated, were bind- 
ing upon the defendant 
authority, in respect of all disd- 
pl inary proceedings against her, 
and toe defendant autho rity’s 
disciplinary subcommittee were 
precluded from rehearing the 

Mr Justice Roch so held in the 
Queen's Bench Division grant- 
ing a declaration to the plaintiff, 
Miss Maureen McGoldrick, that 
the findings of fact made pursu- 
ant to the school's amdes or 
government by the governing 
Body of Sudbury Infants 
School in the London Borough 
of Brent, at their meeting on 
August 26. 1986. to consider a 
complaint against her, were 
binding upon the defendant in 
respect of all dudpbnm 
proceedings against the plaintiff 
in relation to such complaint. 

No further orders were mack 
upon the defendants’ undertak- 
ing to restrain their disciplinary 
subcommittee from holding or 
continuing with disciplinary 
proceedings against the plaintiff 
save and except upon the basis 
of the findings of the governing 
body, and from holding a full or 
any hearing to consider the 
allegations tnat the plaintiff bad 
made racist remans in tele- 
phone conversations for which 
she had been suspended. 

In the course of the hearing 
the defendants also indicated 
that if the court found that Uie 

plaintiffs contract of employ- 
ment was to be interpreted as 
she contended, then subject to 
their right to appal to the Court 
'of Appeal, the plaintiff would be 

Mr James Goudie, QC and 
Mr Martin Reynolds for the 
plaintiff: Mr David Turner- 
Samuels. QC and Mr David 
Altaras for the defendants. 

that the school's board of gov- 
ernors reached the unanimous 
decision that there was no 
evidence to substantiate the 
allegations that the plaintiff had 
made any racist remarks and 
that she should be reinstated. 

That was followed by a meet- 
ing of the authority’s sub- 
committee, the purpose of 
which was to receive recom- 
mendations and. take appro- 
priate action following the 
meeting of the gowning body 
of Sudbury Infants' School 

The plaintiff was not told of 
that meeting nor was she or her 
representative asked to attend. 

The subcommittee had been 
expected to say that the 

plaintiffs suspension should 
cease. Unhappily it did not do 

Instead the subcommittee re- 
solved to hold a full bearing in 
the light of the allaatioitt made. 

On September 5, 1986, the 

plaintiff received a letter 

informing her that toe sub- 
committee intended to hold a 
rehearing. and_ as a result she 
commenced this action. 

On September 12, Mr Justice 
Garland granted interim injunc- 
tions to prevent the sub- 

committee from carrying, out 
the full hearing, pending trial of Act 1944. 
this action and bis Lordship 
adopted the reasons given for 
granting the injunctions. 

There were two routes by 
which complaints should be 
dealt with. First, allegations oi 
misconduct by reference to the 
school governing body which 
determined the facts and made a 
recommendation for dismissal. 

Second, any other ground, or 
where there was no recom- 
mendation by the governors, 
which might be because the 
governors themselves made the 
complaint. The matter was then 
dealt with by the authority's 

There was therefore a tingle 
bearing of the facts. 

Here the procedure chosen 
was to refer the complaint to the 
governing body of the schooL 
They found that the remark 
complained of was not made: So 
they did not make a recom- 
mendation for dismissal but for 

ben Great Bri- 
tain take ou the 
awesome Aus- 
tralians tomor- 
they win 
be swept away if drey stow the 
slightest chink in their joint 
resolve. “G’day, Manrice, how 
would yon describe your 
team?" an Australian at the 
Press conference asked. “Bril- 
liant,*' Maurice Bamford, tike 
not nn-balGsh British coach, 

They need to be. ft b 
that Bamford has 
built that most elusive of 
a team in which die 
whole is mightier than die sam 
of its pails. Every coach tries; 
few succeed. And the mem- 
ories of the last AnstraDans is 
stffi lucid iu the minds of rugby 
league men. They were reck- 
oned to be the finest rugby 
team of either code to play in 
Britain. This new bunch want 
to be even better. Bamford has 
some task. 

The boring way to accom- 
plish h is to pack your team 

with the most solid of m e n, a n d 
to aim first at re st ri c t in g the 
Australian score. Yon select 
the men who do what they are 
loU and who never do much 
wrong. Or you can try and 
counter. You can add the 
flamboyant and the unconven- 
tional to the mix. This is the 
route Bamford has takea. 
EUery Hanley is the spectacu- 
lar rmmer, the man who can be 
a star and a disappomtment ou 
alternate days. Henderson 
GiU is the odd balk “I don’t 
play to a phut," he said. “I do 
what comes naturally.” 

This wmw ambling m and 
out of positions, turning ap 
anywhere be fancies he might 
get a sniff of the balL In shorty 
a nightmare. Yon 

just cant have an orderly and 
predictable game-plan if you 
pick a fellow like GflL If yon 
are particularly fond of game- 
phu, GiU is not the boy for 

"I am so pleased the Great 
Britain coach has told me to 
play my natural game," GDI 
said. 'T like to go hunting for 
the ball, you see. What I love 
is open space." The season has 
been a treat for him so ftn “At 
the beginning, the Wigan 
coach told us all he didn’t want 
robots, be didn't want to stifle 
flair. WeB, my eyes Eft an. And 
now I have my Great Britain 
shirt had; as wefl. Well he 
playing on n football pitch 
(Old Trafford), which is a bit 
wider than a normal rugby 



... j* : 


k — 



pitch. Give me a lot of ball on 
an open field and the opposi- 
tion will be worried. 

“The British coach has toM 
me I can go wherever I like, so 
long as I am bade, on my wing 
when I have to make a tackle 
and, wed, I agree with that 
really. But basically my 
philosophy is simple, I create 
havoc. I create havoc among 
the opposition, and I hope 
someone can capitalize." 

.To have such a person in’ 
yoar team is either a horror or 
a gift from the gods, dep endin g 
ou your own philosophy of 
havoc, or perhaps on whether 
Gill's instinctive wanderings 
have led him to a good day or a 
bad one. 

ome coaches jnst 
can't bear the idea of 
aoscomformfsm. But 
sports psychologists 
bare pointed out that 
often the nonconformist is a 
vital part of the team. Not just 
in tactical terms, but also 
because the nonconformist 
helps create and maintain 
team spirit. Team members 
like an odd bad, ft h e lp s with 
the jokes and it helps toe team 
to define itself. It is an 
important role to play. 

“Some research suggests 
that when a situation permits a 
person to be himself, to act 
freely and with integrity, his 
behaviour will be ne most 
constructive and creative of 
which be is capable. 

It is when he is ander 
pressure and goading to be 
j ffmartiiiw other than what he 
^tobeafienated from himself 
that he is likely to become a 
problem personality." This is 
quoted in a book on sport 
psychology. Team Spirit: The 
Ehtshe Experience*, by John 
Syer, out next month. It makes 
one take a closer look at the 
way teams work. 

Hanley is the most dashing 
of players, a flamboyant in- 
dividualist, but he is also a 
team player through and 
through. “I would not cad 
myself i unorthodox. What I 
have is match awareness. I use 
my instincts to set things op or 
to score. If yon see a gap, you 
go far it 

“But the thing is that people 
always see the man who car- 
ries the ML Me. People don’t 

Coach’s nightmare, match-winning dream: GDI, who dares to be different and always exciting 

always understand that it is 
the forwards who win the 
match for you, and that I jnst 
finish ft. They win the game, I 
get the glory. These grafters 
and workers and tacklers, they 
are jubilating with me when I 
seme a try, but I am jubilating 
with them when they make a 
tackle. I am saying, I wish I’d 
done that." 

These grafters, to quote 
Syer again, "work hard m 
training, do their best in 
matches, and yet in some way 
seem to drift along with events, 

without pushing their consid- 
erable ability to the limits. Not 
hungry enough to explore . . . 

** 'Many people dedicate 
their lives to actualizing a 
concept of what they shotddbe 
like, rather than actualizing 
themselves,’ Peris said in Ge- 
stalt Therapy Verbatim. When 
they do this, they are more 
predictable and lack flair. 
Considered harshly, such 
c onformi ty is a form of es- 
capism, a settfing for less than 
what me night otherwise 
achieve, when one is faced 
with a challenge of a hard 

tne ns*© 


straggle, of being different or 
the risk of failure." 

I rue, it is likely to be 
' as disastrous if yon 
build teams entirely 
of wild individnalists 
as U is if you build a 
team quite devoid of flair. But 
ft is the first error foat coaches 
are more prone to, in just about 

every sport. Teams need a 
touch off wildness: "Hanley is 
the most dangerous ball-car- 
rier in the country," Bamford' 
mM. “He is a world-class 
player who has not yet gained 
the correct reputation outside 
B ritain. He has been banished 
to the wing in internationals, 
things tike that God knows 
why? Now be is in the right 
place, and if he is on form, you 
Australians w31 draw yonr 
breath a bit He has flair, he 
has an imaginative approach. 
He has just never been in the 
right shop window to impress 

Bamford sees the 1982 
Australian tour as an equiva- 
lent to the tranmatk visit by 
Hungary to English football in 
the 50s. "In t i same way, ft 

has forced us to lake our heads - 
out of the sand," he said. The i 
test for him. as for his team, 
comes tomorrow, when the'.;',, 
world will see whether his 
classic blend of flair and ’ Z- 
solidity will do the business. 

Syer said: “Some coaches V*’ 
don't want star players, betiev- " . 
ing that team spirit is based in 
equality. I think they are * * 
mistake n. The players may V* 
rightly be considered to be -Z - 
equal but equal in diversity. ' .. 
To confuse eqnalness with 
sameness would be a mistake. 

You would lose team spirit by - “ 
pursuing such a policy, in die “ 
act of trying to defend it" . ? 

Modesty is considered be- 
comin g — bow many football l,''** 
players interviewed after a ’ 1- ,- 
match have said: "It’s really r 
all due to tire lads, Brian?" — 
yet some athletes have a 
natural positive arrogance 
which is for more exciting and 
presents a challenge which can ; - 
bring out the best in everysne? _ ' 
* Team Spirit: The Ebaire 
Experience, by John Syer.;',",, 
Published by Kingswood ' ■/ * 
Press, Price £12.95. v ’ 

Therefore the resolution 
taken by the subcommittee to 
rehear the case was one which 
they were not entitled to 
take-The argument that there 
should be a power in the local 
education authority to order a 
second hearing was mis-! 

If the governing body was 
likely to reach a perverse finding 
of fact, the alternative route 
could be taken by the plaintiff 
namely the independent staff] 
appeals committee: 

In his Lordship’s judgment 
there was no question of delega- 
tion of authority and the disci- 
plinary procedure hud down in 
the articles of government was 
not ultra vires and it was 
consistent with the Education 

Solicitors: H. Pierce; Mr S. R. | 
Forster, Wembley. 

Cheque card misuse abroad 

Regina v Sevan 
Before Lord Justice Neill, Mr 
Justice Tudor Evans and Mr 
Justice Siaughtpn 
[Reasons October 161 
A person who used a cheque 
card to obtain money in excess 
of the limit permitted by the 
issuing bank was borrowing by 
way of overdraft- Where he 
dishonestly ^obtained ‘money by 
that method he would be guilty 

nCnHiftininea oecumary advan- 

Tbc defendant's first point 
was that be was not allowed to 
borrow by way. of overdraft 
because there was never any 
agreement between him and 
LJoyds Bank that be should do 
so. Mr Sutton submitted that an 
overdraft was an arrangement 
whereby, by agreement with a 
bank, a person was entitled to 
draw money in excess of the 
sums that he had deposited. 

In their Lordships' judgment 
that was one meaning but not 

of obtaining a pjwumary 

lage by decepoqn amtrary “ ibe only meaning of the word 
section 1 6 of the Theft Act 1 968. -overdraft", in ordinary speech 
If the use of the cheque card a vcrson might say “I have 
took place abroad he couwoe joined an overdraft 
tried in England for the offence 
because the pecuniary advan- 
tage would have been obtained 

'"TheCwrt of A gpeal so held 
Diving its reasons for dismissing 
on sSrtember 18 J" a weal by 
the defendant., David .John 
Sevan against his ronvicti m^at 
Southwark Crown Court (Juc®e express < 

Carter. QC and a manager. 

obtained an overdraft from my 
bank”, meaning that be had 
obtained the consent of the bank 
loan overdraft limit up to which 
be could in the ftinire become 
overdrawn. But equaDyhe 
might say “1 have an overdraft 
at my bank", meaning only that 
his account showed, a debtor 
balance, with or without the 
consent of the bank 

alia, obtaining a pecuniary 
advantage by deception. 

Mr Philip Sutton for toe 
defendant; Mr Jeremy 

Gompenz for the prosecution. 


STAUGHTON said that the 

However, there were authori- 
ties which were consistent only 
with the conclusion that a bank 
card transaction was a borrow- 
ing bv way of overdraft. In those 
circumstances the defendants 

R WhS U 3S‘ t t&SSant , s bank a^mpt to obtain property by 
^ deception contrary to secnoo 15 

hawk in London. He was not 
charged with theft or obtaining 
money by deception which it 
was conceded would be held to 
have taken place wholly in 
Brussels or Paris. 

If an English court had no 
jurisdiction when a person res- 
ident in F" gt»nrf and with an 
English bank account used his 
cheque card abroad dishonestly, 
a great deal of dishonesty might 
go unpunished and it might be 
necessary for Parliament to 
consider legislation. 

The basic principle was stated 
in Archbold Criminal Pleading 
Evidence & Practice 42nd edi- 
tion, paragraph 2-28: “No Brit- 
ish subject can be tried under 
Fw giich law for an offence 
committed abroad unless there 
is a statutory provision to the 
contrary." _ __ 

In the of statutory of- 
fences the rule was ascribed by 
Lord Diplock in Treacy v DPP 
([1971] AC 537) to the pre- 
sumed intention of-Panfament 
not to infringe principles of 
comity between nations. Treacy 
was a case of blackmail^ 

The court was aso rcterred to 
J? v Baxter ([1972] I QB 1) and 
J>PP v Sionehouse Q1978] AC| 
55). both concerned with 


Doyle to 
cash in 
on victory 

By Michael Coleman 

Bush, though not necessarily 
in the physical sense, from 
winning tbe West Berlin six-day 
race. Tony Doyle turned out in 
the Dortmund event last night, 
the second in toe season’s senes, 
facing what must be his most 
lucrative year so far. 

His win with Danny Clark, of 
Australia, has automatically 
made him hot property for the 

Berlin proved a tough start, 
Doyle and dark snatching vic- 
tory only on the final night after 
a massive onslaught by Urs 
Frailer, of Switzerland, and 
Rene Pynen. of The Nether- 
lands. At the end of the fourth 
night Doyle and Clark were 
caugbi by Freuler and Pjjnen, 
only for the Commonwealth 
pair to edge ahead again by six 
points, 260 against 254 on the 
penultimate night. Came the 
dosing night and. in the classic 
“sixes" pane™ , all hell was let 
loose with Freuler, the world’s 
Keirin champion, and Pijnen 
taking a big points lead that 
coukl be countered in only one 
way — by snatching a lap. This 
Doyle and Clark did to run out 
victors with 386 points 

Doyle, the world pusuit 
champion, is the only Briton 
riding the six-day professional 
circuit, but ai Dortmund he win 
have as morale support in the 
amateurs' event, Russdl Wil- 
liams and Nick Barnes. 

Williams, 25, had the mixed 
blessing this season of paying his 
own way to the Colorado 
Springs world championships 
despite winning gold, silver and 
bronze medals at the national 
title contests at Leicester. Doyle 
had similar treatment in 1980. 
being dropped to reserve at the 
Moscow Olympics. He turned 
professional and within a month 
was world champion. 

StX-OAY HXTUWES i QnMOtte. pa 29- 

Nw3; Matted. Oct3Wtov4: Mum*. Nov 

6-11: Paris, Nov 13-17: Maastndtt. Ito* 
12-17: Ghent. No* 18-23; Zurich. Nov 24- 
30; Cologne. Dec 29Jan 3: Bremen. Jen 



of toe limn permitted by toe 

bank that iswed «? fll . 

Second, if so, a»M toe 
fence be tried m England^ even 
when the use of to* cheque card 

t0 Thc^atda«i opened a bank 

account withLfoy^8mtkpfc« ^ nk l0 borrow money 

a London branch. No apceinfflt the overdraft* 

was reached that he should be the defend: 

bank for reimbursement m re* 
speci of a cheque drawn by toe 
defendant, ii complied. The 
bank's motive was the protec- 
tion of its reputation as «en» 
its contractual obligation owed 

^ £ 

defendant's bank was neverthe- 
less an act of will; when it took 
tfue the defendant was allowed 



was reached thmhe snou«» « ance toe ddtmdani 

entitled to O^wlraw on ro liedJ requested it and 

ssr, J'-Msss Er h * d ' ■"* 

rot entitle him aB to considering toe second 

account if no overdraft arrange- * mpm as to jung*™ 1 ! > n SJfJJS • _ 

• borrowing t» w£y ofo- 

Seroni*WY advantage of boirow- 

card »• obtain money m Bros- of overdraft with,? 

aeband Paris. _ . . 

of the 1968 Act. u . 

ft emerged dearly from those 
that, where a particular I 
result was part of the c . 

ofa crime, then toe crane might 
be tried in England even if only 
the result occurred in Enp' 
and Wales: see Habburys . 
of England 4to edition volume-! 
2, paragraph 77: “If a person, 
being outside England, inmates] 
an offence, part of the essentia] 
elements of which takes effect m 
England, he is amenable to: 
English jurisdiction". 

That was the present case. 
The defendant tad by his con- 
duct abroad dishonestly ob- 
tained for himself a "pecuniary | 
in F-twtond. namely a i 




New setback 
for Wasps 

Peter Johnson, coach of Dur- 
ham Wasps, has resigned 
because of pressure of business. 
Wasps, winners of the Heineken 
League title for toe past two 
seasons and winners once and 
runners up once in the Autumn 
Cup, suffered two' serious set- 
backs last week. After losing 14- 
3 to Stjemen (Oslo), the 
Norwegian champions, in the 
first leg of their lira round 
European Cup tie; they were 
defeated 9-6 at home by Peter- 
borough Pirates and failed to 
qualify for the English finals of 
toe Norwich Union Cup. 

Hep Trndale, who played for 
Wasps for more than 20 seasons 
before retiring two years ago. 
has been appointed temporary 
coach and will be m charge for 




Spedding on the road again 
after his Edinburgh flop 

From Pat Botcher, Chicago 

Given that law about action 
and reaction being equal and 
opposite, it seems only Wf that 
the road to rehabilitation should 
be toe same distance as toe road 
to ruin. But in .Charlie 
Spedding’s case, rehabilitation 
is seven miles farther down the 
road, which is a long way by 
anyone's standards when it is on 
foot at I2mph. 

Spedding’s road to ruin 
stretched 19 miles, which was 
tbe point at which he dropped 
out of tbe Commonwealth 
marathon in Edinburgh three 
months ago. . .... 

Spedding’s road to reba b il rt a- 
uoo, all 2616 miles of it, oimes 
on Sunday in the grandiosely 
styled America’s marathon here. 

Speddingi aged 34, had been 
one of tne favourites for the 
Commonwealth race, even- 
tually won by the Australian, 

Rob de Castella. And, apart 
from the shock of dropping out, 
the most galling thing for toe 
Englishman was that initially be 
could see no reason for it and 
bad to rely on the time- 
honoured “just one of those 
days”, which is a most frustrat- 
ing testimony for an athlete. 

Sitting 22 floors above Lake 
Michigan, fighting the jet lag * 
which brought him here six days 
before the race and which he 
reckons should be conquered by 

felt as if 1 bad to prove myself. It 
was the Commonwealth Games, 
and it was in Britain, and it was 
tbe first lime I'd been one of the 
favourites. Normally I'm an 
underdog. In the past the pres- 
sure had been a good stimulus 
without the expectation. But I 
was much too nervous. I was 
worn out before the start. I was 
nervous in tbe Olympics (where 
he won toe bronze medal), but 1 
was eager. In Edinburgh I was 

today. Spedding has tad ample 
time to ponder tbe causes for his 
Edinburgh flop. 

“Looking back I ran see that 
there were a few little things, 
taken by themselves, which 
didn't register, but added to- 
gether I could see tiling were 

“Lite n £a\^"atolete^ foot on 
both feet and a mouth ulcer a 
week before the race. I put the 
usual things on them which 
normally cure them. But this 
time it didn’t. Yet 24 hours after 
tbe race, they'd gone. 

“I think they were symptoms 
of the problem which was that 
there was too much pressure on 
me to perform welL It was all 
my own doing. I'd been selected 
16 months earlier, and I really 

Spedding: too much pressure 

just looking forward to getting h 

Spedding employed the 
equally time-honoured way of 
getting over his disappointment. 
“1 got drunk every day for three 
weeks. But l also fogged every 
day. and 1 put the thing property 
behind me, and when. I started 
training seriously again I was 
running well straightaway. I 
think it was because, since Td 
only run 19 miles in Edinburgh. 
1 hadn't killed myself.” 

But Spedding's and then 
Steve Jones's failure in the 
European championships have 
notably killed off preselection 
for a while. Marathon preselec- 
tion is one of tfw perennial 
chestnuts in British athletics. 

The top runners will argue that a 
selection race, even three 
months before a championship, 
jeopardizes their chances of a 

Both Jones and Spedding 
were selected for this year’s 
championships off their London 
1985 performances. After al- 
most IS months preparation 
they both collapsed in dramatic 
fashion — Jones trailing in 21st 
in Stuttgart, a month after 
Spedding’s failure in Edinburgh. 

“I know that I would have to 
do something pretty sensational 
to get selected for next year's 
world championships on this 
race. But I'm thinking more 
about re-establishing myself af- 
ter Edinburgh than anything 
else. In my dub there’s a saying 
that you are only as good as your 
last race. Thai doesn't make me 
much of a marathon runner at 
toe moment. I'm just looking for 
a decent performance, to get on 
the ranking lists so that the year 
isn't a total washout." 

Despite his world best here in 
1984 and near miss in 1985, 
Jones is not returning to Chi- 
cago. He has chosen to wait until 
next April and probably Boston 
to get bis European champion- 
ship disaster out of his sysie 
and hopefully qualify for t 
world championship at tbe same 

But there is still plenty of 
quality between Spedding and 
the $40,000 (about £27,000) first 
prize to add to the appearance 
money of at least S 1 0.000 he win 
have received. The principal 
opposition includes Toshihiko 
Seko. winner of this year's 
London marathon. Ahmed 
Saleh, Herbert Steffhy, Euro- 
pean bronze winner. Mike 
Musyoki. Allister Hutton and 
Mami Vainio. 

But Spedding is quietly con- 
fident. and he isn't talking about 
the money when he says. “1 feel 
pretty good, otherwise I 
wouldn’t have come. I haven't 
crossed the Atlantic for 


Time-share is just ‘asset stripping 1 

Time-share of salmon beats is 
fisherman, Arthur Oglesby, in 
his latest book. Ply Fishing For 
Salmon Aad Sea Trent, jnst 
published by Crowood Press 


He calls it “merely another 
method of asset strippin g" de- 
signed to be “of more benefit to 
the vendor than to the many 
lambs who seem to come happily 
to the slaughter”. 

He warns buyers to make sot 
that rivers which come muter 
Scottish law do not revert to the 
estate after 99 years and some 
m ight even revert after 999 
years. The prospect of having a 
share of first dass water may be 
attractive but the problem b bow 
is It going to be managed in the 
years ahead. Ultimately, tirne- 
$hare “will not be in toe best 

interest of sound river 

j>, who has taught fish- 
i yens and is chairman 
ofthe game fishing instructor's 
association, has finally given op 
coarse fishing methods (bah, and 
spinner) for salmon and sea 
trout and now concentrates en- 
tirely on toe fly. 

He teUs in some 300 pages 
and many Ulnstrations how this 
can be done. Indeed be thinks 
there may come a time when all 
bait fishing for game fish will 
hare to be banned. 

On tactics and techniques, be 
conies down firmly on the need 
to strike when the salmon takes 
the fly. The rod should always 
be ben and as soon as die poll dT 
a fish is felt “a. firm strike Js 
always necessary". Presentation 
is more important than fly 
pattern, thongh burwings are 
better than feathers and a treble 

is a better hooker than a doable 
ora single. 

He leads the reader through 
the methods of fishing from late 
winter ihmugh to the autumn 
with varied weights of lines and 
types of flies. For summer 
feimg he Ekes to use a single- 
handed rod to cover low-water 
Ees, and in teaching how to cast 
with a single-handed rod he 
emphasises tint wrist action is 
the most important factor. 

The book is fall of useful 
diagrams and photographs and 
cannot be too highly praised, 
with one exception: he recom- 
mends rods only from one 
manufacturer with whom he has 
an interest whereas in my own 
experience two other manufac- 
turers are at least as good if not 


Conrad Voss Bark 


’ i c* 


Series evenl 
win again «. 

Boston (Reuter) — The 
York Mets. in full stride after a 
sluggish start, combined power 
and pitching to beat tbe Boston £ 
Red Sox 6-2 late Wednesday £ 
night at Fenway Park and draw w 
even in tbe world Series. In ■ 
winning their . second straight ■ 
game, toe Meis succeeded in » 
turning the tables on the Red £ 
Sox. who swept the opening two » 
games of toe best-of-seven series * 

at Shea Stadium in New York. m 
Gary Garter, tbe Mets’ J 

catcher, hit two home runs and • 

an unlikely slugger, Len £ 

Dykstra. added another in a 12- 5 

hit attack that backed a strong £ 

pitching performance by Ron * 

Darling. The Mets have come w 

alive on the mound as well as at £ 

toe tat as the usually potent * 

Boston offence has managed . ^ 
only three runs and 12 hits since-^Z^ 
returning home. '»V» 

Darling, a hard-luck 1-0 loser ^ VJ 
in the opening series game. “•Sjj 
pitched seven scoreless innings, 


giving up just four hits although 
he risked danger by issuing six > 
walks. After roughing up J- 
Boston’s starting pitcher. Den- 
nis “Oil Can" Boyd, on toe way 
to a 7-1 win in game three, the _ 

Mets’ toners waited three in- 
nings before solving the Red Sox ” 

starter, Al Nipper. - , r, j 

Nipper, who had not pitched Z 
in 18 days and had been * 
Boston's least effective starter ’ Z 
during the regular season, was S* ■ 
given the starting assignment to £ 
give the aces. Bruce Hurst and i. 
Roger Clemens, an extra day of • 
rest. .-•.-a. 

Nipper kept out of trouble _ 

and had New York hitting the^ 1 ** > 
tall harmlessly on the groundvVjr 
until his sinking pitches began Wm „ 
to come up in the fourth inning.^ —■ 

Dykstra. whose lead-off home* * 
run ignited the Mets in game ■ 
three, provided New York wiih^ “ 
insurance runs against the Bos- ■ 
ion reliever. Steve Crawford, in • 
the seventh inning when right." v. ' J 
fielder. Dwight Evans. just-J> « 
missed a great leaping save only - 
to drop Uie ball when be crashed « 
into toe fence for a two-run _ 
home run. . _ 




nek-on 730 unless stated 

Fourth division 

Stockport v Colchester - ‘ICZ 

Tranmere v Southend .''’’'r—t 

OPR. i >, 

e foum amptan Town Hangars v TTietforfl. 


joumamew (at Royal A*»n Hal) 

MOTOR RACMO: FOnrtyfai Fore faSte *5..- 
(at Brands HMCty- 

SNOOKER: Rothmans Grand Pnx. final', '•d mm 
stages (at the Hexagon. Reaomgj. 

SQUASH RACKETS: Mercia Open Tour*" 
ramertjat SwwWaga LT and SRC. Wesr^ | 

Midlands]. West London Open Tear- ! 

namem (at Western Avenue SC. NorthoU. t 

Middlesex)- i 

SWIMMING: Encash sojopte national .... 
aarnpionsiRp (at wawcastte). . ■ , o}» 

.vTHMMSePienyPoeyCMsstcWfirigMofa.; *ny 

“vr - 

Double cbance lor Dun woody 

By Mandarin 
(Michael Phillips) 

Richard Dunwoody. one of 
the heroes of this year's Grand 
National, looks like being the 
jockey to follow today at 
Newbury where I envisage 
him landingadoubleon Heart 
Of Stone (130) and Voice Of 
Progress (3.0). 

Only last Saturday he and 
David Nicholson combined to 
pull off a four-timer at Strat- 
ford. That points to the 
Condicote horses being bang 
in form and suggests that 
Voice Of Progress should be 
capable of winning the 
Glynwed International Chase. 

Two seasons ago my selec- 
tion finished third to Observe 
and The Mighty Mac in the 
corresponding race. He has an 
easier looking task today, 
especially as Ryeman appears 
weighted up to the hilt. 

A winner of four races at 
Newbury already. Voice Of 
Progress' ran his best race last 
season at Doncaster, where he 
beat Cybrandian and Kelly's 

Honor. In that sort of form he 
will be hard to beat this 
afternoon especially and I 
know he comes to hand easily. 

Earlier in the day, Reg 
Akehurst’s versatile four-year- 
old. Heart Of Stone, is napped 
to win the Flavel-Leisure Hur- 
dle. The winner of similar 
races at Foniwcll and Strat- 
ford in the spring. Heart Of 
Stone then went on to win 
three races on the Flat at 
Lingfieid and Chepstow. 

Reverting to jumping at 
Chepstow earlier this month, 
he very nearly won the valu- 
able Timefonm Hurdle, going 
down by only a neck to Tingle 
Bell, to whom he was trying to 
concede 151b. On vastly better 
terms, he should certainly take 
care of her now and also beat 
SaiTron Lord. 

At his best, Yale would be a 
tough nut to crack. But he has 
not raced since the spring 
whereas my nap is as hard as 

Arctic Beau, who won first 
time out last season, can 
repeat the performance in the 

Rosy Brook Handicap Chase 
and thus give Jackie Thome 
her first taste of success as a 
trainer. In the Whitbread 
Gold Cup. Arctic Beau fin- 
ished six lengths ahead of 1 
HavenialighL who opposes 
him now oil only 21b better 

My other principal fancy on 
the Berkshire course is No-U- 
Turn to win the Seven Bar- 
rows Handicap Hurdle in the 
competent hands of Guy Lan- 
dau. whose 41b allowance 
should be a bonus. 

With three wins behind him 
already, J-J-Henry looks the 
one to be on in the Prince and 
Princess of Wales's Challenge 
Trophy for amateur riders at 

On the Flat the conditions 
of the Doncaster Stakes look 
tailor-made to suit Abhaaj, 
who. unlike Aglasini, Gallant 
GaJIois and Imaginary Sky, 
has not been penalized be- 
cause the two races she has 
won have been of insufficient 

After being beaten first time 

out over six furlongs at Ep- 
som, Abbaaj then reverted to 
five for her next race at 
lingfieid which she won 
snugly by beating Choritzo. 

In her latest race at Bath, 
again over the minimum trip. 

Abhaaj easily accounted for 
Greenhill Castle, who had 
won her previous race at 
Goodwood. .That suggests to 
me that the penalized runnexs 
will find die task of giving 
Abbaaj weight very difficult. 

Her stable companion. 

Qannaas, is reputed to be a 
newcomer of note in the first 
division of the EBF Wheatley 
Park Stakes. A half-brother to 
Lidhame, by Kris out of Red 
Berry, he certainly sports a 
fine pedigree. 

In this instance, though. I 
just prefer the equally well- 
bred Strike Action, who has 
been noted working well at 

Blinkered first time ^ _ 

a “ Ryeman, who gained all his four wins last season at southern tracks, travels from Maltoa for todays big race 

Guide to onr in-line racecard 

0-0432 TTMESFORM (OLBF1 (Mrs J RyJey) B Han 3-10-0 8 West (4) 88 7-2 

Racecart number. Draw in brackets. Sfc-flgure distance winner. 6F-bw«a n .favourite in latest 
form (F-feo. F-puied up. U-unseated nder. B- race}. Owner in brackets. Trainer. ^Age ^ and 
brought down. S-sfippetTm. R -refused), Horse's wwgnt RrderptuS any aj towa nce. The Times 
rame(B-a inkers. V-vfeor. H-hood. E-eyeshreM. C- Pnvate Handteappefs rating. Approximate startmg 
course winner. O-testonce winner. CD-course and pnee. 

Rider pfcis any affowance. The Times 
iandfcspper’s rating: Approximate starting 


40030 BEWICKS (Mrs B Clarke) A Moore 116 


34434P- CAPISTRANO PRINCE (F Gray) F Gray 116. 

- f ><i»r*7 


14030 NORTIdtN RULER (R WMng) H Whteng 116— 

. _ KSims 

• 210 

03 PADDYCOUP (S Sharp) J Davies 11-0-." 

__ .._ W Morris 


HUD. YALE (R Hfrfrfiarrl) .1 Rif*r«l 1141 


41-2211 TINGLE BELL (B) (D Ward) G M Moore 1012 

■ 214 

CASERTA (Queen Mother) FWalwyti 106 

... K Mooney 

1985: ACE OF SPIES 11-0 B Rowed (100-30) L Kenrtaid 4 ran 

11-3) at Hereford (2m 

201 2nd and BBDICKS (11-0) 7tti behnd Steme (11-0) at Cheltenham (2nu £2212. heavy. Apr '17. 14 ran). TIN- 
GLE BEU (101) was an out Wheat HEART OF STONE (11-2)aneck at Chepstow (2m. £5746. tern. Oc* 4. 10 

ran). The improvin g SAFFRON LORD (li-8) ran on from 3 out and was beaten any another 6) in 4th. Last 
season SAFFRON LORD (il-3) was ruining on 3rd. beaten 3L to Copse And Robbers (11-0) at Chahenham 
(2m. £4357. soft. Dec 7. 15 ran). CAPISTRANO PRfNCE (1 1-0) weakened on the run-in and finished another a 
back in 4th. 

Selection: HEART OF STONE 


2m 41X7 runners) 

302 14F21P- RYEMAN (ILD) (D Stem) M H Eastarby 9-11-7 LWyar 99F04 

303 2/4614F- VOICE OF PROGRESS (CD) (M Vestey) D Nicholson 011-5 — . R Dunwoody 98 9-2 

306 0/1111F- JOHNS PRESENT (D) (P Denkig) R Holder B-10-9 PRkherte S3 14-1 

*307 214400- OUR FUN (CD) (M Tabor) 4 QtWonJ 9-10-7 R Rowe • 99 3-1 

306 31-3010 W SIX TIMES (D)(BMunroWlson)W Kemp 9-10-7 RJBeggan 96 6-1 

309 20F01F CLAY HILL (BF) (P Ourkan) W Durkan (tre) 7-10-7 H Rogers — 14-1 

310 100204- ADMIRAL'S CUP (C) (R E A Bott) F Winter 8-10-7 P S cud— ere 88 10-1 

1985: TOteS UTTLEAL 011-7 P Scudamore (7-4) WRWMams 2 ran 

he bad every chanoe when taBmg at the last behind Filty Doiare Mora (1 1-8). Earner (11-12) he was ndden out 
ID teat Cybrandan 112-7) 31 3! Doncaster (2m 41. £2566. good. Jan 2a. 9 ran). JOHNS PRESENT, a Wotver- 
hampton Wler final start compteled a 4-tmwr(11-9) with Kl Newton Abbot defeat of Akram(10-6) (2m 15(Mls. 
£2966. heavy. Jan 16. 9 ran). OIM FUN, a faller last time out tad run 141 4th (12-0) to Buck House (12-0) In 
Cheltenham 5 Champion Chase (2m. E24260. good. Mar 12. 11 ran). W SIX TMES has finished Sft since mak- 
ing a» (1 1-10) to beat Marana (i0-1) a head at f teratoi d {2m 4t. £2082. good to firm. Aug 30. 7 rant tosh 
Cnaifsnger Clay Hlu, a winner over 2m this season. (11 -Of was beaten a snort-head by Emmet Street (S-7) at 
MaBow I2m 4f. £2070. firm. Oct 15. 3 rani ADMIRALS CUP, 4tti final start earlier (11-6) 41 2nd of 10 to 
T 0-6) at Devon (2m if. £2511. good. May 5). 

1 41. £2082. good to firm. Aug 30. 7 ranL tosh 
is beaten a tfort-head by Emmet Street (9-7) ai 
4th final start earlier (11-6) 41 2nd of 10 to 



By Mandarin 

2.00 Strike Action. 

2.30 Mascalls Dream. 

3.00 Roman Beach. 

3.30 Abhaaj. 

4.00 Make Peace. 

4.30 Canadian Gucsl 

5.00 Sir Harry Lewis. 

By Our Newmarket 

2.00 Strike Action. 

2.30 Ruwi Valley. 

3.00 Misaaff. 

3.30 Abhaaj. 

4.00 Elegant Guest 
4 JO Topeka Express. 

5.00 Siafilio. 

By Michael Seely 

3.00 Roman Beach. 3.30 ABHAAJ (nap). 

The Times Private Handicapper's top rating: 2.30 MASCALLS DREAM. 

Going: Straight course- good to soft. Round course- good 
Qraw: low numbers best 

2.0 EBF WHEATLEY PARK STAKES (Div 1: 2-Y-O: £1.291: 7f) (13 runners) 

- 3 m BREGA (C Wright) T Fakhurst 8-1 1 — JCNtagtan(7) 

6 |l2) 0 GLASS CASTLE (ETixner) A HKte 8-11 R Gmst 

16(10) ORIENTAL PLUME (K Ftscher) R HcGnshead8-11 S Perks — 16-1 

" 18 (6) 0 PILLAR OF Wa»M(BF)tESeltHir)OOoueb 8-11 NON-RUNNER 

20(13) PRWE PRINCE (GTortg)R Armstrong 011 B Thomson — 16-1 

.21 (4) QANNAAS (H Al-Maktoum) H Thomson Jones 8-1 1 ANnq — 9-2 

22 ffl) R1CHBKINT (Mss JJarvi9)W Jams 6-11 JMs(5) — 16-1 

■ 23 (11) RUMBA ROY ALE fH Hrrd) A Balding 8-1 1 N Day — — 

1 24 (5) SANDMOOR DANCER (Sanomoor Tenses Ltd) M H Easterby 011 .. M Birch 

29 (3) STRIKE ACTION (Shaikh Mohammed) MStoute 6-11 WRSwinh art! — F7-2 

36 (7) BUNCHED (Lord Ronakfehay) P Cater M__ M Fry — 12-1 

38 12) COCKATOO ISLAND (Lord Derby) G PritchanHSordon 8-8 GDotfleU — 12-1 

■-48 (91 TWICE BITTEN (Mrs PMakmiPMaktn 8-8 TQuftm 

1985: SOMETHING CASUAL 8-8 R Guest (25-1) A Hun 17 ran 

2-30 CANTLEY PARK SELLING NURSERY HANDICAP {2-Y-O: £1,324: 1m) (20 runners) 

• 1 (9) 003800 DAMARTiF Bartow) MNaughton 9-7 A Cubans (7) 94 — 

' 6 (2) 040331 LVNRAE(BHawksweD)MH Easterby 8-13 (7ex) MBkdi 89 10-1 

. 7 (6) 0020 RUWI VALLEY (H Stevrakis) P Hastam 6-l2-_ TWMams 93 — 

. 10 (19) 001200 CHANTILLY DAWN (Mrs D Alan) R Whitaker 8-11 - K Bradshaw (5) 93 12-1 

• 12 (10) 400000 THATCH AVON (B)(JHemmond) A Smith 8-11 S Webster 88 — 

14 (14) 


300001 U-BIX COPY (B) (J RuSSeS) J S WlSOH 011_ 

040030 KATIE SAYS (P Hnap) J EUiermgian 010 . 

— P« Eddery 

C 17 (171 

000 DUAL CAPACITY (A Field) W Musson 010 

. M Wigham 

. 18 (20) 

00000 DREAM TICKET (B1 (T Kefsa) W Halgh 09 . 

A Clerk 

. 20 (15) 

000040 COROF1N LASS (B) (J Ryan) C Tinkler 86— 

21 (te 

003002 WE5TGALE (K Walton) C Tinkler 09 . 

. M Wood 

' 22 (7) 

000003 PENBREASY (J Gand) R HoUmdwnrl AJt 

23 (31 

00 FIHE1RON (B) (J Covoitry) C Bsey 06 

• 25 (121 

0400 MARKET MAN IMrx P B&) T Bnrmn H.A . 

' 27 (18) 

00022 MASCALLS DREAM (Mascalls Stud Farm Ltd) P Makm 8-5. 

_ TOuftm 

a inj 

r26 (13) 
'30 (1) 

' 31 (16) 
32 (4) 

300002 UNO'S PET (C Wheeler) K Slone 8-4 . 

0004 BABY COME HOME (BF) (Mrs E Wade) H Rohan frd 

3O430F WSS PISA (Mrs D Bonerill) W Wharton 8-c _ . 

0000 LEG GLIDE (B) (SIT M Sandberg) WHastmg0Bas3 03 

003000 USASHAM (R UMOn) P Makm 8-3 „. 

— P Burke (7) 
... J Quinn (5) 

— GDuffMd 
.... R Lines (3) 
G Baxter 

1985: AGRADECTDO 9-5 M Liter (9-4 fav) R Boss 13 ran 

3.0 HALBERDIER HANDICAP (£3,447: 1m 2f 50yd) (24 runners) 

1 (10) 010000 QUET RIOT (CD) (R Arciti) R Armstrong 4-9-10 P Strothers (7) 94 — 

3 (23) 411040- ALEGREMAN (CD) (K AOdutte) G Harwood 4-9-8 0 Starkey 94 8-1 

5 (14) 302033 SAMANPOUR (Aga KfrartR Johnson Houghton 3*6 WRSwMwm S3 — 

6(11) 00-0000 RED RUSSBX (A Ouffatt) G Calverr 5-96 WNewnes 

7 (2) 004000 BARRACK STREET (B.CJ (J O'Donouan; M Ryan 3-8-5 P Robinson S3 — 

8 (6) 3-41100 MISAAFF (B) (H Al-Maktoum) Thomson Jones MO A Many •» 16-1 

10 (8) 141140 SOLO STYLE (Mrs N Leras) G Lews 3-9-2 PWtedron 90 12-1 

11(16) 132302 SAMHAAN (b£) (0 Zawawi) B Hantxiry 4-9-t RHMs 90 12-1 

12 (5) 000000 OUALITAiR FLYER (QuafitaV Eng Lid) K Stone 4-9-1 GDuffiefd 94 — 

14(13) 001030 MASTER LINE (Mrs D Andareon) H Candy 5-8-0 TWfflams 96 11-2 

15 (17) 130100 IMSTEJ1 POINT (M BaiW) C Tinkler - 4-9-0 ...... W Goodwin (7) 93 — 

-16 (21) 421001 WILD HOPE (J Wright) G Hufter 5-9-0 (4e%L H Carter (S) 92 1«-1 

’17 (19) 000041 ROMAN BEACH (Q (R Canham) W Musson 66-13... M Wigham 94 14-1 

16 (7) 212422 AL ZUMURRUD (H AI-MJktoun) R Armstrong 3-8-12 S CauKian 89 — 

'19(12) 200400 GORGEOUS ALGERNON (B) (W Gredtey) C Bmtaei 3-8-13 Put Eddery 97 — 

20 (31 202140 MASKED BALL IP CStedP Cater 66-12— - MFry 93 16-1 

22 <15> 020004 ROMANTIC UNCLE fP Cockcroft) H Wbanon 3-8-1 1 — 87 — 

23(161 030332 NORTH OCEAN (BF) (S Fraekotf) L Cumant 3-8- 1 1 .RCUehrane 97 7-1 

34 (201 001 104 SWEET DOMAIN (Mrs C O SuWvani J Oimlop 3-8-10- - B Thomson 98 6-1 

25 (4 1 404222 knights secret (w w«ttrook) M H Easterby 5-6-10 W tech 96 i«-l 

26 (221 110030 SARYAN (6) <N CasagfiaflJ N Cefeghan 364. — Pad Eddery 96 F5-1 

■27 fir 400-004 AVEC COEUR (T Ramsden) A Bafcey 4-8-8 _ MMOer 93 — 

28 i9r 103000 PENTLAND HAWK (S HiB) R Hoflnsnaad 36*7 s Perks 95 — 

•29(241 020000 ARISTOCRAT VELVET (OWossWwjJ Ethermgiwi 4-86 - - KOoitey 98 — 

1985: COURT AND SPARK 4-8-10 M Wigham (6-1 jt-lav) M Usher 18 ran 

wtnover Langston pi -3) (3m. £1571 

whenbeatng Aice'sBoY(11-1)71at Uttoxaterg!m4f.n544 _ 
l5ilWO«8sSrwmnef from Miss Prague (11 -3n2m4f, £1396, good. May 21.1 Irani 
nm was in a 3m hunter chase to Fajryhousa. YACARE has been off th e track smoe 31 PpMestone detea t (11 
of Janus (116) (2m. £1264. good to soft, Dec 17. 16 ran). DOUBLETON (10-6) could make no«npn»#sk» from 
out when 81 2nd to Itsgotabeato^it (11-8) at Kempton (2m. £2971. good. Oct 18. 5 rarfl. 

Selection: KING JO 


£2,859: 2m 100yd) (17 runners) ” 

- Going: good 

2.0 ROSY BROOK HANDICAP CHASE (£3,022: 3m) (4 runners) 

101 01341P- MAORI VENTURE (C£)(HJoal) A TumeU 10-11-10 Stove Knight 98 6-1 

102 123314- I HAVENTAUGHT (B.CO) (Torsdiex Lid) F Winter 7-116 PScudamore *99 7-4 

103 22PP13- ARCTIC BEAU (D)fP Venn) #*SSJ Thome 8-11-2 HDavfes 97F5-4 

108 F0PPP0- COLOfCL C«tlSTY (D)(R Ke»i) HaNea 11-1 0-0 RDmwoody 80 33-1 

1S8S: WNffS BRIDGE 7-1 0-2 S Smith Ecdes (6-1) J Jenkins 4 ran 

PnDM MAC»I VENTURE, pulled up in Ireland final start prevfoudy (11-7) beat Port Askalgno-2)l vsrat 
runm LmgSeto On. £6240. good to soft. Mar 15. 8 ran). ARCTIC BEAU (lO-ofiS ad and I 
HAVENTALK5 HtTi 06)6I away 4th brftrnd Phmdenng (1(M)ai Sandown (3m 51. £24809. soil Apr 26. 16ran). 
Previously I HAVENTAUGHT (10-3) beat WBstem Sunset (1 1-10) 101 at Sandown (3m 1 18yds. £4714. good to 
soft Mv 25. 6 ran). ARCTIC BEAU (10-1) had beaten Gokten Friend (106)51 at Alntree (3m If, £6160. good to 
soft. Apr A, 7 rant 

230 FLAVEL-LEISURE HURDLE (4-Y-O: £3,915: 2m 100yd) (9 runners) 

£02 3211-2 HEART OF STONE (M Morrison) R Akehurst 116 R Dunwoody *99 7-2 

203 0121-14 SAFFRON LORD (BF) (A Hum) L Kennard 11-3 B Rowel 98 3-1 



S (R Graham) GM Moore 11-10 — 

1 A Helal O Hula 4 * C 








1133 WIN080UND LAS 

i A DW| U OSS 1 1-3.... — 

S (fl Savery) R Hotow 11-5 

Of 1 




pence) A Ingham 116— 

R Cochrane 




DUFF (J Joseph) [ 

Yates) C Jackson 116 

) Bsworth 116 — — 

. R Hyett 
- . C Brown 



ady Salt) D Ringer 116 

J Bartow 








|J Horgan) R Hannan 116. 

G Johnson) N Henderson 116 

warden) M H Easterby 116 

. Hawks s) E inriulnr 116. 

_ _. Steve KngM 

S Smite Ecdes 

_ LWyar 

M Harrington 






[Lord McAlpme) R Smytfi 116 

Huckle) C Triettne 116- 

DMcKeoMm (7) 

M BeMtey (4) 




3 RICMAR (Mbs W 1 

-tewart) J Jenkms 116 - 

- J WMtB 




(Mrs K Caters) G Kindersley 116... 

. . H Davies 





2 HOT TWIST (BF) (1 

A Alright) C Holmes 109 

im) J Bridger 109 

C Cox (4) 

G Moore 



196: AVEBURY 11-0 R Hyatt (8-1) F Jordan 10 ran 

CADM UPTOWNRANDS’Sni-l) showed Improved farm in teatmgQurratAl Ain (10-11) a neck at Mar- 
rVjnm ket Rasen (2m. £2827. good to firm, Oct 17. 12 ran). STANGRAVE (10-7) was driven out to ran 
Huntingdon seller by XI from Step On ffim200yrds. £666. good to firm. Sept 19, 13 ran). WWDBOUND LASS 
(10-8) 5kl3TO to Meiandez (10-13) at ChiiftenfBm (2m. £1900, firm. Oct 9. 6 ran) RICMAR (10-9) one-paetd 
when 11)M 3rd to Prasina Matte (11-9) at Kampton (2m. £1834. good. Oct IB. Bran). VXXRGY MAJOR (106) 
could nMqtackenontfw flat when 41 aid of 8 to SdentRunrwig (10-9) at fTumpton (2m. £1222. hard. Aug 15). 
HOT TWIST(10-9) was bady hampared but stil got wittm a larigtn of Mr Savvas (1 1-0) at Plumpton (2m 
firm. Oct 15. 6 ranL 
S M c cdon . UPTOWN RATO'S 

4-30 SEVEN BARROWS HANDICAP HURDLE (£3^29: 2m 100yd) (10 runners) 

601 30000-1 
603 231200- 

607 2/410F-0 

608 1112/ 

609 410P-12 

610 3120- 

612 04P3F/3- 

613 FD211Q/ 

614 11423-P 

615 100Q/30- 

N O-U-TUR N (S Tndal) S Motor 8-11-10 

RUST5T0NE(R Brown) R Brown 6-1 1-8 

TANCRED WALK (D Party) C Jackson 7-11-4 

BARN8R00K AGAIN (M Davies) D Bswortfi 5-116. 

SIX SHOT (A Strange) L Kenrart 6-11-1 

CELTIC FLAME (Mra G Godray) P Harts 5-10-9 

KALAMONT (Mrs L Ssnpson) J Gifford 7-10-7 

MAFOO’S TOKEN pRotmon)RHoldw 6-106 

HALL'S PRMCE(JHopton)DGnssel 5-1 06 

CROCSGX (CD) (Primeat Ltd) H O' Ned 5-100— 

1985: OHOFAR 5-10-2 S Smith Ecdes (5-4 fav) G Prftchart-Gordon 6 ran 

_ O Landau (4) • 99 F2-1 

J Brown (7) 97 02 

R Hyett 89 12-1 


B Poweff 98 3-1 

. . RStongt 91 — — 

R Rom 92 5-1 

PRfcfcarda — — 

— R Qplihniln 97 14-1 

— R Ounmoody 84 — 

Winner for 
on last day 

Stephen Wiles, banned for 
five years after the Flocktoa 
Grey affiur, went out on a 
winning note at Red car yes- 
terday when Floater dead- 
healed with Miss Laura Lee in 
the Cub Hunters Selling Stakes. 

The Flocktoa trainer's sen- 
tence starts today. His wife, 
Elaine, who retained the 9-1 
chance without a bid, said: "I 
shall be applying for a licence to 
train next season. If I'm not 
successful it will mean ns all out 
on the dole. All the owners have 
been very loyaL" 

Miss Laura Lee, who had a 
rare tossle with Floater through- 
out the final furlong, is trained 
by Paul Felgate at Melton 

Tony Murray, who earlier in 
the week announced his retire- 
ment from the saddle, brought 
bis score to 1.139 winners 
worldwide and 37 this season in 
this country when forcing 
Yafaeeb borne by a bead in the 
Rnswarp Maiden Stakes. 

Yaheeb, trained by Tom 
Jones at Newmarket, shot oat of 
the stalls smartly to make all the 
running. The 3-1 favourite. 
Cbevrefeuillc, finished power- 
fully in the hands of Walter 
Swinburn but the post came too 

Murray said: “It win be a 
couple of weeks before 1 an- 
nounce what I am going to do 
now. I have a few things in the 

Trainer has classic 
plans for Naheez 

The Eddery brothers fought appointment 
mu a ihniline finish to the hut one. Ray Cocww»f U 

The Eddery brothers fought 
out a thrilling finish to the 
Matchmaker Horns Hill Stakes 
at Newbury yesterday with Pat. 
riding Naheez. winning b> a 
head from Paul on Chcsham 

The latter opened up a clear 
lead approaching the final fur- 
long but the champion elect, 
working his hardest, persevered 
with Naheez and took the had 
just before the line. 

David Elswonh, the winning 

Results — page 35 

trainer, said: “It wouldn't have 
been a contest on firm ground 
but my colt sprawled in the mud 
when Pat let him down. Naheez 
will get a mile and a half. Hc*s 
got class and I'll enter him for 
the 2.00U Guineas and play it by 
ear from tiien.“ 

Imperial Frontier, the 6-4 on 
favourite, was a bitter dis- 

was the wound more th an 
anything else IbaiidKcted kn? : 
penal Frontier's pdfontMase." 

Oruimis, a daughter ot 
Shcrjar. belatedly opnwj to 
account in the Rending mmm 
F illies' Slakes and has noW 
probably run bW hot race, . 
Ridden by Tony Kimbeifoy in 
the Lord Derby colour*, 
Cynomis beat Set Power by i 

The winner is uafoed at 
Newmarket by Wiltie Hastings 
Bass, who said: “She is om of a 
staying marc but I've been 
running her over the wrw*.m* 
She didn't get a nrifc and threfr^ 
quarters so 1 dropped her to a 
mile and a a quarter today and 
now she's got this nice win. We 
were going to keep her in 
training but now she's done U, I 
can't see any point in keeping 
her going." 

Sure Blade retires 

Sure Blade, the top-class 
milcr. has been retired to stud. 
Following his disappointing run 
in the Champion Stakes at 
Newmarket last week, his 
trainer. Barry Hitts, said yes- 
terday: “It was too bad to be 
true. It has been derided that he 
will be retired to stand at his 
owner's recently-acquired 
Kildangan stud in Ireland." 

The winner of the Coventry 

Stakes at Royal Ascot and 
Champagne Stakes at DoncMttr 
as a two-year-old. Sure Blade, 
developed into one of the 
leading miters of hispnemufM. 
winning the St James's Palace- 
States and the Queen Ehwbeth 
II States, both at AacoL -■ 

A decision about whether the 
coh will be syndicated or Hand 
privately for his owner. Sheikh 
Mohammed will be made soon. 

FORM NO-U-TURN (12-3) Md on «*e8 for a 61 Newton Abbot victory over Daady Goran (11-0) (2m 
rvnm 150yds. £2578. good totem. Aug 14. 11 ran).RUSTSTONEn06)85tt>oMT to Jotm*e (10-11) 
s! Ascot (2m. £<838. good. Apr 1§. BARNBHOOK AGAIN has not runtor tenost2yaBfx. In the Autumnofl984 
SHOT (11-4) vroUd not have teen tetten as mich as 2P by Honeygro v e 

he ran up a hat-trick over 2m 

a back m 3rd when Plumpton winner (2m. £1725, good loam Novil. ii ran). 

Course specialists 


Winners Runners Percent 

F Winter 




D Nicholson 




J Jenkins 




N Henderson 








Mrs M Rimes 





Whmers Runners Per Cant 
38 1B2 205 

27 131 20.6 

19 127 15.0 

16 138 116 

6 60 10.0 

7 104 6.7 

3.30 DONCASTER STAKES (2-Y-O: £7,921: 5f) (11 runners) 



By Mandarin 

1 .45 Tarqogan's Best. 2. 1 5 London Contact. 2.45 
J-J-Hcnry. 3.15 Wiggbum. 3.45 Lucky Charlie. 
4.15 Snake River. 

Going: firm 

1.45 CRETE NOVICE CHASE (£1.495: 2m 41} 
(6 runners) 

2 641 DORNVALLEY LAD PPiUdterd 5-116 DCten 

4 /OP- BOARD THE TRAIN G Ham &116 POever 

6 PF0- CHANCE FACT A Cftambertan 6-l16_. A Ctarabartin 

IQ 0F6 LORO GREENFIELD (V) O Q'NsS 6-116 J SuThem 

13 2114 TARQOGAN'S BEST R Peacock 6-1 16 POOome8(4) 
IB RENSHAW WOOD P Baaumom 6-10-9 ~ PAFenaBiq 

1-2 Tarqogan's Best 9-4 Doro va fl e y Lad. 12-1 Lord 
Greenfreid. 16 -fRenshaw Wood, 20-1 Bovd The Train. 


2 m) (11) 

1 3101 LOtOON CONTACT (D)MFhe 11-10 P teach 

•2 0231 HOPPICKERK Morgan 10-13 KRyan{7) 

2m 4f}(6) .• 

3 Ft 12 WWG80RN (CJLB^ kta A Hewtl 7-1 1-7 - M WMbm 
■ 4 62F SMART ROLY R HOflg«S 6-1 1-7..._X-. J UteM 

10 P-13 SCOTS NOOGa(GO)>%Man 11-lO-H). P Wmm 
16 jm THEROORLAVEft (D)J^ StelPTWL-. LHMreyfT) 

8 3« MAUttfT 89 Mrs M Thomas 8-1IMLi— ; 

19 4313 PTONCELY LADfO) MTa* B-1M — fiOratteJonM 

Si *** 

Ol AGLASOB (K Abdufis) F Owr 9-1 

11 GALLANT GALLOIS (D) (J AcMbri) C TMiter 9-1 

01 IMAGMAHY SKY (D)(H Mohammad) MBlanshart 9-1 

0103 VIVALDI (O) (*A» P Payne) W Jarvis 8-11 

211 ABHAAJ (D) (H At-Maktoum) H Thomson Janes 86 

OI0 LA PETITE NOBLESSE U>) (North Cheehre Ltd) □ Haydn Jones 

23402 AU SMTTH (BF) (Mrs G Boss) R Boss B6_ 

00 JU.TOBELU(C Booth) C Boom 86 

3 ARAMCRfK Mercer) G Huffer 86 

0000 THE DEVIL'S MUSIC (C Bume] N Bycrott 86 

0223 PUSHOFF (Lord Tavistock} C 8ndaln 8-3 

1985: WANTON 8-3 W Carson (9-4) w Hastngs-Bass 7 ran 

Pas Eddery 

— M BMi 

. SCamtwn 

- A Murray 
86 J ReW 
R Cochrane 


M hteer 

. M Roberts 

•99 9-4 

91 9-2 
84 — 
98 13-2 
91 — 

ntia( 7-10) at Newmarket Die wfnnra has been Group placed a 
HAAJ, easy wmner fast time, more refevamjS-ll) a oever II i 
Wd (51 , £1337. good. Sap* 1 6. 13 ran). LA PETTTE NOBLESSE ( 

GALLANT GALLOIS (&4) ggtup to beat Ma PWte Lassto (86) a short heed « York whh PUSHOFF (86) unable 
to quicken 11 back 3rd (5, £3342. good to firm. Oct 11,6 ran). Carter GALLANT GALLOIS (96) ridden out on 
debts to beet ALI SMITH (96) H et Nattjngham (51, £963, tem. Sapt 30, 12 ranL IMACRNAAY SKY ®6) beat 
POSHOFF(8-7 1) KB at Newbwy (51. £33737go«W. Sept 20. 14 ranL VIVALDI (&* ran wdh great cwft to be 31 
3rd to Clarentia (7-10) at Naw ma r Ve t the wtonw has been Group placed since (St. £8118, good to firm. Oci 2. 
15 ran). ABHAAJ, easy winner tost time, more releva nt (8-1 1 ) a oie ver II vietory from Chortee (8-11) prior to 
that at Lingfieid 151, £1337, good. Sop4 16. 13 ran). LA PETITE NOBLESSE (3-8) found Gayane (B-Oltoqgooaot 
6f but wifi appreciate coming back in distance. Earlier (8-1 1) beat Mash&ub (9-0) 1 1 at Salisbury (51. £145?. good 
tosotL Aug 13. 14 ran). 

Setec&on: ABHAAJ 

CHAMPIONSHIP (£1,479: 1m 41) (11 runners) 

1 (3) 2-290 ANOLLApWetaSJP Kefleway 4-1 06 E Quest 87 10-1 

2 (1 1) 230-310 SIOTM HOUSE (D) (Mrs N Myers) K Brassey 4-B-5 . Lester McGanfty (BeQ 90F4-1 

3 (10) 4(0343 MAGIC TOWER (Miss M CamngtrxvSnstti) C Brittan 3-S-4 John Egan (tre) «99 5-1 

4 (7) 044040 SHINY KAY (Mrs M Butfer) C Elsey 866 Luce SanmnSno (Italy) 9410-1 

5 (2) 004300 HIGHLAND BALL (8) (E MoOer) G Wrsgg 396 Jenny Honor (Swe) 97 12-1 

4 ARCTIC REEF R Howefc 10-12 : G Davies 

6 HANKERS HOPE E Owen |un 10-12 KBurkeW 

10 MCKESTON LAD BPateg 10-12 — C Evan (4) 

11 3 THE GODFATHER P Badey 10-12 S Nonhead 

16 OP CULLEN'S PET W Monts 10-7 W Herds 

17 GOLD SOVEREIGN M Oliver 10-7 J Duggan 

19 FREY MAY QUEEN D And 10-7 E watte 

20 U0 MISS CONE R Fetows 10-7 B Doming 

21 0 PATCHOULTS PETW Moms 10-7 W Moms 

4-7 London Contact, 7-2 Hop Picker. 6-1 The Godfather, 

8-1 Gold Sovereign. 10-1 Arche Reef, 16-1 others. 

HANDICAP CHASE (Amateurs: £1.928: 3m) (8) 

3 0111 J-J-HENRY (D) P Beaumont 7-126 pen) __ 

6 m-P CARDINAL'S OUTBURST (C6) A PoOnw^rTr'l" 1 ^ 

i Pullman (7) 

7 M3* TAKEAFENCE (HJ^ M Henriques 8-10-13 

ID 102- GLEN MEL O Sherwood 8-10-10. AMdSeSm 

18 P000 TAF R Mowefis 9-100 — 

19 PUP; MITRE HOUSE Mrs A Price 6-1Q6.. Mtet L WeBace 17) 

S’ STONEY ARO (B) P Hobos 7-106 MbsLDehwft 

21 0/P- RACHEL STREET (H) J Mamman 10-10-0 


.. Ofa" M*». 100-30 Takalance, 

11-2 Cardinal s Outburst 14-i Taf. 25-1 others. 

20 BPP STONEY ARO (B) P Hobbs 7-106... 

21 0/P- RACHBl STREET (H)JHamm» II 

4 (7) 044040 SHINY KAY (Mrs M Butfer) C Ebay 366 Luce Sorremmo (Rely) 9410-1 

5 (2) 004300 HIGHLAND BALL (B) (E MoOer) G VWegg 366 Jenny Motor (Swe) 97 12-1 

6 (8) 300304- SU.VER PROSPECT (Mrs K Darby) R HoBnSttod 56-12 G Carter (GB) 87 10-1 

7 (5) 000002 MAKE PEACE (Mrs JMcOougald) I Bakhng 36-10 Jasper Johaneen (Den) 98 6-1 

8 (1) 000003 W3HHBTO(PSavffl)HSheBltier 4-6-10- NON-RUWffH 

9 (4) 0043D0 ELEGANT GUST (Times ol Wigan) W O'Gorman 3-66 Fratt Warning (WG) 96 6-1 

10 (6) 200*06 HOBOWWES (Famdon Eng) R Woodhouse 4-86 . DooUqua Regoard (Fr) 83 12-1 

11 (9) 04-0000 8NARRY KILL (C Elsey) C Ebey 3-8-7 Jose Reyman Vazquez (Sp) 89 12-1 

198& m GARDINER 3-8-10 Mark Lynch (116) P Cote 9 ran 

4.30 ARMTHORPE HANDICAP (£2^88: 1m) (20 runners) 

2 (9) 130110 HELLO QYPSY (DflF) (M Bade) C Tinkler 5-9-13 WSoodwtefT) 9*7-1 

4 (7) 011200 SIGNORE 0OCNE(PBn(B Shaw) MHEastBrty 46-12 _M Birch 9512-1 

8 (i) 00-4000 DUNLOWNG (R Kirs»n) G PnttharUGorton 3-96 GDuffteW 96 — 

10(16) 01-0000 MASHHUR (H Al-Mafctoum) P Walwyn 36-7 FMEddery 96 — 

13 (11) 340010 WARPLANE (A Wison) C Thornton 6-0-4 J Btea sda l o 94 8-1 

14 (18) 000000 YOWG PUGGY (0 Coppenhol) R HoBnshead 3-9-2 SPcika 89 — - 

16 (5) 000414 HARRY HULL (MW EKRerby) MW Easterby 36-13 DMchofe 95 7-1 

17 (13) 00202 CANADIAN GUEST (I AMn) H Candy 3-8-13 WHe n e a 97 F6-1 

19 (3) 003000 BEU>8ANUS(D)(R StophensorijW A Stephenson 46-13.. Mffimfley (3) 90 — 

20 (4) 333300 NATIVE HABITAT (R Wilson Jr) M Jama 36-11 T Lucas 94 1M 

23 (14) 400000 FAST SERVICE (D) (Mrs J Jadcson) C Horan 7-8-11 MHMs 92 — 

24 (16) 062000 CBMGIRLD{H Weedhouto) R Woodhouse W-11 — 91 — 

25 (6) 002000 UNEX-PUUNED(J Bray) R Armstrong 36-10 — PTutk 96 — 

27(12) 001040 TIP-TAP (&GD) (J WObertona) A Hide 46-9 R Cochrane 86 10-1 

29 (2) 480000 WELSH MEDLEY (North Chestee Utf) O Haydn Jones *66 — D J Wtem 9* — 

30 (20) 320244 TOPEKA EXPRESS (B) (5 Yu) R Armstrong 3-66 — 9512-1 

34(19) 222020 01 OYSTON (CD) (J Berry) J Berry 1M-6 J Carrol (7) «99 136 

35 (17) 000240 NATUA (Tedwood Btoodstock LfiJ) P Maker 366 NON-RUNTffiR — — 

38(i(ft 00000 INTRHSlC(KAbduDa)G Harwood 36-6..„..-_ GSuitay 

38 (8) 0000 VELVET PEARL (D Ahw) P Makin 366 T Quinn 96 8-1 

1985: GRANNY'S BANK 36-7 W Careen (9-2 p -fav) W KasBngs-BasS 20 ran 

5-00 EBF WHEATLEY PARK STAKES (Div II: 2-Y-O: £1,280: 7f) (13 runners) 

9 (7) JEFF HARRIS (E Keelan) M Prescott 8-11 — . G Outfield -10-1 

11 (12) O LMDTS GOLD (D Lamptoogh) H Jones 8-11 s— W Ryan 

(3) MEPMSTOPfKRfS (G Greenwood] j Francome 8-11 WNewnes — 10-1 

25 16) SrnHAMff LEWIS (H Kaskal) B HWs 8-11 BThomaon — 2-1 

26(10) SOYBEAN (J Stone) R Armstrong 8-11 PTute 

a (1) 0 STAHUO(Studcrown Ltd) LCumam 8-11 R Cochrane 699 F5* 

33 (5) 0 WILL RAINS (Mrs I R*ne)T Barron 8-11 - DNichods 

34 12) YORKBAY (1 Dougal) C Morgan 8-11 1 MMOs 

39 (3) EK3HTMRE ROCK (0 St Georoe) MWEasrerby 86 MMndreyp). — 8-1 

*0 (13) O GOOD SAILING ID McIntyre) H Sheether 86 - A Shottft* (5) 89 16-1 

*2 (« HUMBOLDT FAIR (Mrs P Melon) P Makm 86 — — 

44 (4) 0 LING GO LD (A W atscn) M H Eestarbv 8-8. MBhch 

49(11) WESTMINSTB1 WALTZ (E(WCs)O Thom SB.— - — 

1985: SOMETHING CASUAL 86 R Guest (25-1) A Hide 17 ran 



By Mandarin 

1.45 Prince Bubbly. 2.15 Punch Drunk. 145 
Artful Charley. 3.15 Smart In Black. 3.45 Prcbcn 
Fur. 4. 1 5 Tartan TorchlighL 

Course specialists 

G Harwood 
J Dunlop 


Winners Runners Per Cent 

IB 67 26.9 N Day 

30 131 22.9 G Slavey 

21 106 18.8 SCauthen 

14 74 186 Pat Eddery 

17 101 1*6 WRSwurbur 

23 149 15.4 RHiBs 


Whiners Runners Par Cant 
B 38 21.0 

24 132 182 

37 237 15.6 

19 131 14.5 

16 121 1S2 

9 31 1M 

3m If 190yd) (16) . 

1 0311 LUCKY CMAMJEfCJJ Jenkins 8-1 l-HL — 

2 F013 KUTATrSBEOE (an 0 Batons 5-11-1 PMchete 

5 22F/ ALWMS BOV Jlfaw 7-116 SMcNete 

5 2003 ASTON BMKMP Hobbs 5-11-0_: Peter Hobbs 

7 HAU-WOOOCX R V«wellsS-116 GOntes 

11PP2R FOOTWORK DWtene 6-116 G Cbaries Jooee 

15 06-2 IVAWTERT Bartey 6-116 

18 0 Qt^NS PATTERN P Beaumont 9-116 

Hill ft neeuroonf 

20 4034 SWaDA IGWK BBhog 5-116 ._S Eerie 

26 446 BRONZE EffiGY M HanpJOS 4-10-12 JSOttWrn 

a 4032 MAORI WARRIOR (BJW) A Barrow 4-10-12. JHutatfT) 

31 306 BASSINET GDoNtoe 6-106 Cite 

32 DANCWG COURT Vf Bush 7-106 Mr S Bush 

33 M MADAME ROONEY Miss S Brown 5-1 D-9 

34 0003 PATRICIA JUNE D Tucker 5-109 ^HSterin 

36 P/00 TROPWaivnNBOUIME Ms J Evans 6-106 KDMtee 

-jj- 1 Lugty CharSe. _7-2 Kiaatfs Bale. hwanar. 
8-1 Bronze Emghy, 12-1 ShWdteg. Maori Warrior. 

2m) (9) • ^ 

2 006 TAGiO (CO) M Tate 011-10 — 

9 000 AMBf AN HILL J Cosgrave 7-116 TPtafWdm 

10 330 QISIGNS Kn* (CD) ABrtsboume 11-11-1' MBdabeHM 

14 2131 SNAKE R IVSI (CD ) F Jordon 4-1013 C Sate. 

17 IB 5 - GOUDEN REDfiElttR (CD) R Franc* 01011 — 

S 2?? R 5-105.— Lome Vincent 

22 004 BEST INTEN T T Ba tov 01 0-2 

23 600 OW CHfCKLETTE (CD) RDKhm 4-100 WHmriNwe 

24 0242 SPARKLER SUPERBftf) P Prochart 0 i0O-Td5i2« 

— _ Sntee River 7-2 Pertene's Pride. « Tagio. 
01 Sparider Superb. 01 Ensigns Kit 101 Best Went 

Course specialists 

runf>W »- 19-OV M 
Sa2S?2»a i W 16 r V JSgearlng. 8 
from6S. ia3^h; M diver. 9 bom 77. 1 1.7V D BaxOKkSfronvM. 

sr hand,cap “ w' 

1 412- F1EFDOMW Storey 011-10 KTtoten 

3 <01- BIT OF ORDER R Matter 5-11*7 MMudbV 

40006 FORTY GRAN0P Chariton 01h7...”l... 

5 464 WELSH SPIRIT W A Steetonson 7-116 RLwh 

7 006 HARLEY M« J EatmfrllT^ T ?~ ' * — 

8 KJ12 CONNAUGHT QUEEN I Vickers 011-1 — 

10 ret- iMPEajNrosriYjsvnsS^ni : rStte 

11 120 RV1NG SQUAD _ 

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18 106 UPTOWN A Batty 10106.. fftSS 

19 902f BURGUNDY Clwxandar 7-107 1 DlSta 

22 000 YELLOW SEAR ° 

24 441- VICTORY MORN J Ofitel 10106'""" ; 

to jS? Mrs D CdteNn7.fdo.. PDinala (A 

28 400 BORaiAM DOWN N eycrtrft7-tSo..._ .!^CG«e? 

v , ALS-I ln . Bteck ’ 4>1 BWrior. 116 ImpeoaMtefty, 
7-1 Mountgeoi^.01 Fwtdom, 101 8ttHOaftrV l ^ > -; 

145 DENTON HANDICAP CHASE (£2,145: 2m 4$ 

5 4P6 A Stehenwn »T86-NUteb 


R apjaKSBSfe===-^5 

4 IV 1 ' MASKWOODJ Jefferson 0t&6 •— 

«ir v N0WCE hurdu5 '****” 

I a ” 1 S&v^BOYCMS^StH '" — '"TitoSSm 

12 00 THE GREAT 

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The twists and subplots that make the main rivals the best of friends 

Mansell to go flat out from front 


From Brian James, Adelaide 
Alain Ptost, the world champion a zjnnl 

£L'lwt? erd ? y d «®ned, with the month. “From 
of smiles and the broadest said. Nothing n 
of CaHjcshrogs, an offer from Nigel nodded with co 

Mu«n that the 1986 Grand Prix in.. The 
championship should be settled over munstakeable; 
their game of golf, Mansell even ton die Anstrali 
offemig his opponent a 1 0-stroke all the feme and 
stJ £* ■ „ going flat out fit 

wrost is well aware that his title He will do so 
an only be taken from him by most dramatic y 

maki ng a zipping sonnd with his 
month. “From the start ..." he 
said. Nothing more was said. Ptost 
nodded with complete understand- 
ing- The message was 
munistakeable: Mansell intends to 
win the Australian Grand Prix and 
all the feme and riches that attend it, 
going Oat oat from the front 
He wfll do so not to round off the 
most dramatic year of his life with a 

MsmaII a- L‘ n _„r “J — w- vv juu in UQ lilt WIU1 B 

manseit, or lus Brazilian teammate, grandstanding Boorish, not iost to 
Nelson tnquet, on a track where decorate his day with the laarefe of 
w^w*™dnvliig is punished not by victory, bat because he knows Hwi 

a two-stroke penalty but by possible only ont there in front will all the is- 

hideons injury or death. They 
played their game for a handful of 
dollars and even die losing frost 
was content to while away a few 
more hoars so easily before their 
doel on Sunday around Adelaide's 
fest street circuit. This will be 
J*|(***d * worldwide audience of 

750.000, from whom a great Hea l of 
the real drama will remain totally 

The arithmetic of Sunday's race is 
very dear. Mansell is worid cham- 
pion if he finishes anywhere in the 
first three. Mansell is also world 
champion even if he doesnt complete 
a single lap - provided neither Prost 
nor Piquet finishes first. But to 
understand only the mathematics is 
to understand nothing. 

All grand prix races are decided 
by combinations of spectactnlarly 
skilful men and profoundly sophis- 
ticated machines. To the Him - ay of 
this 1986 season must be added a 
complex of deep-seated rivalries 
which could not be more poisonous if 
the Borgias had been busy in the pit 

The sport's insiders, as mis- 
chievous as jesters at some medieval 
court, delight in stage-whispering 
scenarios for the drama now sched- 
uled for the cordoned off streets of a 
dty where a collision of bicycles Is 
almost newsworthy event. But a life 
lived on the edge that can breed such 
feuds also forges friendships. 

Most dramatic year 
\of Mansell’s life 

It was a privilege therefore to 
have been present at an utterly 
revealing little moment when Prost 
and Mansell were re-united in the 
VIP lounge at Singapore airport on 
die way south towards this climactic 
duel Their handshake was that of 
friends. “Some week, eh, Nigel?" 
Prost said. “How you going to do 
it?" Mansell paused for a second. 
Then he put his right hand oat palm 
down, chest high and shot it forward 

sues be totally clear, all the dangers 
limited to those inherent in the 

Mansell and Piquet, while team- 
mates, are known to be on the most 
frigid of terms. Yon co nfirm this by 
the speedy, straight-feced Way 
Mansell interrupts all questions 
about Piquet with something like 
“Ah, Nelson — yes, a very impres- 
sive man" and all the mmders 
chuckle. The reasons are dean 
Piquet, tire team's best-paid driver 
on £2 million a year bask fee, has al- 
ways insisted on being backed up by 
a mere journeyman teammate: 
Mansell by winning 70 points In tills 
startling season, has broken that 
unwritten rule. 

Manseit, in turn, has pubtfcfy 
condemned what be efaime to have 
been favourable treatment within 
the team to the man currently only 
its second-best driver. 

So it will be fascinating to see 
what happens if Prost is leading, 
another man is second and Mansell 
needs to get past Piquet to be 
assured of the championship. The 
Williams team say tbeyH bang out 
pit boards ordering Piquet to pufi 
aside: the question is will he give 
that signal the treatment that 
another Nelson gave to a «™«tor 
order to withdraw — at Trafalgar? 
That is one subplot. The next 
involves a new player, the younger, 
almost absurdly gifted Ayrton 

Senna certainly dislikes Piquet, a 
fellow Brazilian, and is stalking his 
countryman’s ng as world 
champion and national hero, but it 
so happens he dislikes ManseO even 
more (the two have bad tonifying 
jousts on the err a nt, including a 
crippling encounter on this same 
Adelaide track a year ago) so sub- 
plot number two sees Piquet streak- 
ing away while Senna tries to make 
his Lotus as wide as a London bos to 
hold Mansell at bay. 

A street race like this, in any 
event, Mansell has declared is a 
lottery. Yon go around a curve once 

All time greats: Joan Fangio (left) and Stirling Moss at Adelaide Airport yesterday 

with perfect grip. By the next, lap a 
gust of wind has Mown sand on the 
surface, and the car goes amok. No 
proportion, no practice out legislate 
for moments like that Nor does 
Mansell exclude the posszbSzfy that 
none of the main players will star. In 
the last race, in Mexico, the 
Benetton team through their rising 
driver, Gerhard Berger, «mh-V 
victory, simply because for once his 
Pirelli tyres were bettor on a dusty 
road than the Goodyear used by the 
rest It could be so again in 

Yesterday, the last day before the 
serious business of practice begins, 
the actors all strode the stage of the 
press centre and dutifully spoke 
their mannered lines. Mansell was 
in marvellously relaxed form. It 
would be silly for him to try to play 
safe in third place, fer too many fast 
men and machines about, he ex- 
plained. It was, in any case, just a 
race like any other, be Bed. 

And then, because do one asked 
him, he grabbed a microphone and 
asked permission to set the record 
straight by declaring that he did not 
blame Ayrton Senna in the slightest 
for their shunt last year in this 
course. (Senna was to follow him on 
stage later to declare that of coarse 
he wanted to win, he added, with 
almost as mnch tact as Mansell that 
“of course that will make Nigel 


Thome beats 136 

By Sydney Friskin 

Willie Thome burst into flu- he missed ihe black, and 
eni action with a break of 137 Browne who could justifiably 
against Neal Fouids in his fifth play sale, potted u with a daring 
round maich of ihe Rothmans shot. .... 

Grand Prix at Reading yes- Hendry levelled at 3-3 with a 
lerday. It became the highest yellow to black dorance, and | 
break of the tournament then a clearance of 30 enabled 
surpassing ihe 1 36 on the pre- him to lead for the first time in 
vious day by Terry Griffiths the match. Browne, who made 

This break which enabled an early break of 30 in the 8th 
Thome to reduce the lead to 4-3 flume eventually conceded it 
was rich in skill and strong in after Hendry bad made 45. 
courage, but Fouids responded Alex Htffitns. .who was beaten 

immediately with a break of 87 5- 1 on Wednesday night by Rex 
to run through a comfortable 5-3 Williams, offered no excuses 
winner. anti commended his conqueror 

jsr. i sSk a ifM?n°5Jfi™ EsaEWMss 

iffsivsns SriSfissa 

an ^^^ a nS P SS£ l^wteeaSSlhbSSeint^ 

i^ahSuL quarter finals with a 5-1 victory 

then went 4-. ahead. over Doug Mountjoy. 

£!JSL!9 a S^l !! " iWBBKSSteBM 

phen Hendry, the young Scot- j&^8. nun, 109 - 5 . 47-5 

tish champion, defeated Paddy 55 - 29 , 0 - 137 . tfl 2 -o. s Hendry (Scot) «. 
Browne, of Dublin and now 

based in Manchester, 5-3. In the ' 

early stages this was an interest- r watams 


could have won the fifth frame [Know* 

but his break of 3 1 ended when 56 . 19 - 72 . 64-14. 3M5, 


Going: good to** 

iO (im 2f) 1. CYNOMSaCA Kimoert 
15-3: 2. Sm PowwJB Proewr. Ilf 

lari? 3. Nfcod (R Wemham,>l). ALbu 13-2 Rwa Marquee, 7 t rwanctwe. 15-2 
HAN. 11-2 H-fav Gfatter, 8 Corwnanche Praeewthy. 8 Pttrn Reel. 10 Disant 
Bette. Let. « CBvateuw. Dawmma.14 fuaarf&h). fi Vartt»a.l2Wacfc Lore, The 
Concert** Demon. SWwna.16 Jungle r. 

Beat (4tn), No DouD*ei (SOiJ, 20 ZmOtena, 1B — # — . — 

2 S Summer Ganwi. 33-t Bnmsol, Burn- Saxon Mtrcel, 20 Encore L'Amxr. Four* 
mg Amfttton. Cnerry Gl ory. Ho msLodge. protocol. Mmcwi 

P&y wonh. Roberts Howr. Sam. (ton. Treble Top.. 

HoMv Brown (Sin). 22 ran. nk. 2%. sn hd, infra Red 

Tofe- £8.60; £150. £2.70 £2.10 
£61 70 CSF: CA&28. 2mm MTSsec. _ _ 

Broaomter M Mtc (Btnj. S stale (M Robert *. S 

Ladv. 9 George wtfiOom. ^0 Roixnson, 11-11: 4. 

Song. ii Duirongf (5m). IS OuAwn Rmmer, 8-1). ALSO RAH: 
pSS.LauneLomwi. 14 Deputy Heedj20 Wafce. 13-2 Wave Dancer. 10 
Derrv RiW. 25 Be LjncaL 33 Wtet Time. Vitage Hero JStfi), Husnen. 12 
SradTmMme 16 ran.* 2hL Dynasty- 14 Dark Srtra. Ebobto (Mi), 16 
jvJjuR SneadW at Wfiflow Gorge. 20 Autumn Fheter, fflush- 

0*70: £3 60. £1-40. £3A0. ttfe. .Oft mg Spy. Jimbstou. Crystal Moss. 17 ran. 
£8540 CSF: £90.11 Tncasr £154357. hdl ». 1»L 2W. 2W, M Rjmn at 
imm 05 ISsec 

qnrTfRfiMft i NAHEE2 fpst Eddfify. S- E<.70i Dft £282.70, Kr. S13U3. 


■alto HAN: Jf - . 1, ^2rifL R 5^ ( ^o RpHrar 


Qevedon team 
spirit could 
work wonders 

Clevedon. David Bryant’s 
dub, play Bristol in the second 
round of the McCarthy and* 
Slone indoor club champion- 
ship tomorrow. This was once 
known as the Denny Cup which 
Bristol hive won three times but 
Qevedon never. 

Under the competition rules 
two rinks of four players each 
are at borne and two away. 
Bryant’s rink played at home m 
the first round match against 
Bath; tomorrow they travel to 
play on the Bristol carpet be- 
neath the Dolman stand at the 
Bristol City football ground. 

Bristol are probably stronger 
but Clevedon’s team spirit 
personified by the world’s most 
famous bowler could work won- 
ders. North Walshara, the hold- 
ers. meet Norfolk and Norwich. 
Paddington and Stanley, the 
beaten semi-finalists last year, 
play Picketts Lock andTynedale 
respectively. Longmeadow, the 
1985 runners-up, lost to Victory 
in the first round. Tbe third 
round is on November & 

Champion ont 

Marie Schultz, the reigning 
82 kilogram freestyle wrestling 
champion, was elirninatcd 
from the world championship 

champion — and no, that doesn’t 
really bother me]*)- Mansell then 
went off to be rennitod with his team. 

He had a bow and a handshake 
for every member of the huge Honda 
co ntingent whose contribution to the 
W illiams team is enormous (from 
their extremely secret pit-side lab- 
oratory, the Japanese experts can 
tell prerisiey how every component 
of the car is behaving as Mansell 
hurls it into each curve) and got a 
hug and joke from the British 
mechanics with whoa be is on 
obviously relaxed terms. 

Autograph for a 
spectacular lady 

Mansell signed a few more auto- 
graphs, including scrawling on tbe 
upturned bottom of a lady of 
spectacnlar proportion contained in 
pants of shaming brevity: his watch- 
ing wife, Resume, was amply 
amused and yon again have reason 
to suspect the closeness of this 
ample is yet another of fee 
strengths of the man. “He’s relaxed, 
he’s right. He’s jnst as he is for 
every big race. But then you’d never 
teO from fee outside one way or the 
other." She explained. 

Finishing yet another television 


interview perched on tbe bonnet of a 
car which somehow looked as 
predatory motionless as it does at 
180 mph, Mansell stood up, tripped 
on a wire. It was Tie Times’s 
pleasure to catch him as be fell, 
cushioning his Mumble so he fin- 
ished barely glancing his head on a 
sound box held by another TV man. 
This mi g ht even be said to be act of 

For Mansell's closest fans, which 
include his family, have been much 
hurt by fee opinion expressed in 
these pages of Britain’s last world 
champion, James Hunt, that at least 
. 1,000 of fee sports insiders would be 
less tlian delighted if Mansell, the 
supposed loner, became worid 
champion this week. Hunt 
presnmbiy had a reason other than 
his obvious interest in remaining tbe 
most recent British champion of fee 
world, for putting this view. 

But according to Ken Tyrrell, oue 
of the sports safest judges, head of a 
team that gave Jackie Stewart three 
world championships,“abOBt 90 per 
cent of morhamr* here are British. 
If Mansell wins, 100 per cent of 
them will storm down fee pit lane to 
cheer him, no matter whose team 
aniform they are wearing. And quite 
a few of the team managers wiD be 
with them. Does that answer the 
question about Mansell's place in 
the sport?" 

Finest match of his career 
propels happy Hall 

Darren Hall, the F - n glis h na- 
tional champion, enjoyed a rare 
chance to take some Limelight 
away from his cofleagne. Steve 
Baddefcy. the Commonwealth 
champion, by scoring the finest 
win of his career and reaching 
the quarter-finals of the British 
Airways Masters which moves 
from yesterday ’svenue at Ken- 
sington Sports Centre to tbe 
Royal Albert HaD today. 

HaD beat Misbun Sidek, tbe 
Malaysian number one. Ibis 
year's All England finalist, and 
tbe number four seed. 15-4, 17- 
16. He did so with a deverfy- 
organized fierce early attack that 
took advantage of bis 


4.0(80 1. OMTO THATCHER (B Rouse. 

12- 1); 2. Abu Mustafa (Q Baxter, 6-1 toft 
3. KKpan (P Rotmon. 8-1). ALSO RAN: 

13- 2 Rwa Marquea, 7 I wtlnctwa. 15-2 
Praaewonhy. 8 Palm Raat. 10 Disant 
Ruiarftkh). 11 Vanttas, 12 Rack Low, The 
Rolrwerator, 14 Warn. Wonderful WWgrn. 
16 Cofthatar Canyon. Puppat Show. 
Saxon Mfrcel, 20 Encora L’Amxr. Four* 
Protocol. Matcrvng wood. Swiss Connec- 
tion. Treble Top. 33 Crown And Ho ms, 
Infra Red Boy, Mefaow. unpaid Member 
(4th). Bayou Blues <5th). Kopies. 27 ran. 
2'4L 1W. W. ft 2L H Hannon at 
Martoorough. Tote; £2650; £&0O. 25.70. 
£2.60. DFTE645.B0. CSF: £10230. 1n*i 

CESS CG Bardwefl. 25- 

nn. NR: Mss Martrique. fad. 2»L 
ah ha H Thomson clones « NeMnartec. 
Tata; £7.10: £420. £2.10. £2.10. OF: 
£1260. CSF: £31.13. 

24S (1m 41) dd-M 1. FLOATER fM 
WOod, 8-1>and dd-W 1. MSS LAURA LEE 
(W Ryan (8-1): 3, CfaaMaae p McKaown. 
5-2 fev). ALSO RAN: 3 Mfaaia Marta (4th). 
9-2 G G Manic (6th), B RymM (5th). 12 

ft**** r 

«. W.-1M. Floater darned by S Wins at 
FlocMon. Miss Laura Lae trained by P 
Fafoatt at Mellon Mowbray- Tote: win: 
Floater £7.80. M«ss Laura Lae £6.10: 
places: Floater £360. Miss Laura Lae 
SaoT cnabhsse £1.70. DF: £224,40. 
CSFc £34 J3 (twee). No Mds. 

3.15 (1m 

Robuoon, 11-11: 4. Pokey's 
Rmvnar. 8-1). ALSO RAN: 
Wake. 13-2 Wave Dancer. 10 

»(GDuffie«. ii 
(M Birch. 8-lk 4. 
6-1). ALSO RAN: M 
Mr Pastry. 14 Qovnng Pronse 
(501). nanebah. Space Trooper. 16 Heev- 
enJyHoofeTm Ena's PSLMawcByn Gate. 
Miami aues. Cherer Lady. Wine Good- 
bye (StfU. Fair Zmna. 16 ran. Mt Grey 
Salute. XL a 1L 3L XL ODpueb at 
Newmarket. Tote: £6X0: £2X0. £1.10, 
£2X0. Cl 50. DF: £12.60. CSF: £21.87. 
Tncast £115X7. _ 

X4S (2TO 115yd) 1. KAFAfOW (8 
arfeey. Wk 2. Kikwk* (0 Dutfett 
_ enstavt; 3. m Contention (JuSeBowtar, 
25-1L ALSO RAN: 9-2 LenCmaik (Sjh). 13- 
2 Pmzawaoie l-amj. 7 ran. Wt Cool 
Nutoer. Ratflee Rogue, ifti, fad. 
a 10L G Harwood at Putsareutfi. Tcae 
£250; £1.60. P1.4Q. DF: £2.00. CSF: 
£Sl 3 U - 

cm LauneLormar.ieoopwynw.ew wan, la-z warn uancar. »ap m 
rrv RiW. 2S Be LjncaL 33 Wter Time. Village Hero (6th), Hosnen, 12Royal 
neck. Piatne. 16 ran. 2KL hd. sh hd. Dynasty. 14 Dark Stfora. axVBo (ah). 16 
I UR Snaamer at N *** B *2*Ii T 2£' wilow Gorge. 20 Autumn Fkater. Blush- 
i'-h, m on n Aft m Ati 1940. OF; mi Anu .Itmftahrki Cni t l al UrfflL 17 ran. 

. Jimbatou. Crystal Mess. 17 ran. 
, iVjl. 2W. 2SL M Ryan at 

Milan Faff IS*). 7 ran.NR; A Stylo, 
hd. 51. *L ltti4LDB»"CW> 

CSF £32 Bi. lwi oj.wsflu 

Ptecepot C149L60L 


Gobi^ good to Arm 

CSF C32 81 

Castle Craek IP« Eddov. 

RAN 8 COW AfKt 16 IkMMMViw 
(5WL TeeanaiwftMAjgne Syoa » 

Suniev Pant Sffset ZMa (6rh). 9 ran. w, 

SSSfeWJ* ga-j 

CSF. £777. im 3556sec. La vene u 

Misbun. and Hall took advan- 
tage to sreal a long early lead. 

Misbun nevertheless recov- 
ered to earn himself two vital 
game points in ibe second game, 
which bad he taken, might well 
have turned (be match. Instead 
me fleet-footed Essex man went 
on to a second round against the 
19 year-old Indonesian, 
Henna wan Susamo, which he 
also won in straight games, 


Goto? good to fra 

2j) (2m if Irta) 1. Lfw In Nope (Mr T i 
Thomson Jones. 6-4 tav); 2 , Butts Bay 
tIO-lfc 3. Handy Law (3-1). 13 ran. NR: i 
Voai Bey. 2S.L 5«. D Marray-SoBih. T«k 
J2-60TE1-50. £220. £1J0. Dft £7.70. 
CSF: £1624. 

230 pm VhiMI, Above Afl Hop* ff) . 
Murphy. 100-30*2. Safton (5-4 tav): 3. ! 
Oskdafe (10-1). 13 ran. 1 W. 1L B Cufiay. 
Tote: £4.60; £130, £150, £150. DF: 

XO (an if Ch) 1. icraiigbt Ma d ness 0. 
BtoorrtieJd. 3-1 fawt 2. TUaor Road (100- 
30): 3. Hnai dear (4-1). 10 ran. 10, 1*1. D ! 
BteomMd. Tote: £450: £2.10. £1^0. 
£150 DF: £5.40. CSF: £1325. Tncest 1 

3J0 (2« 31 MM) 1 , ScMNrbuctc (Mr M 

raostock, 6-4): 2. Razzia Dazzle Boy (14- \ 

/irtertacT aw i 

WUwyn. Toe: £3,60: £1.70. £2.10, £7.00. 
OF: £&SO. CSF: £2314. 

Olay (11-1). 15 raaCNW Saaa (3-1 fav). 
NR: Utter Feattwra. 71 1 %TJ PwWl ! 
Tote: £6.00: £340. £1.80. £3.60. DF: 
£43.40. CSF: £4374. Tricase £38355. 

OO (2m If ch) 1. FStert Sheet (C Mann 
3-1): 2. Sr Lester <20-it 3. Cangnen HB 
(25-1). Mr Mouse M fav. 10 ran.4i.20LP 
J Jones. Tote: £4.00; £i 50, £350. £2.70. 
OF; £5750. CSF: £56.64. TncBSC 
£171557. Ptecepot £3756 


Going: Oase course- good to 1trm. ■ 
Hurdes course- good 
2.15 (2m tote] 1. Tartan TaiorfP Tuck, 
7-41:2. KmmesHA-IVS. Snamsh Real (10- 

ALSO RAN: 11-4 fav Tana (6th). 82 
noras. 12 Don’t Knock It Ftp The Ord 
i). 14 Song N'Jesi [4ttiL 16 Johna Last. 


• British Airways Hunter 

report, results, pictures, s 
also colour pages- ^ 

• Zetland UK toam ^ 


Aaajnsl Afl OOCO. SWIWSIS. wi i nnODiiL. riv menu 


La VBtro uieam. teeewd. 33 AuMW*. Ederithorpe. 

Gnssen.M6ow^ The King. Young Snugf*. 
sazfl Of CcU. SO Hanytfwr. Otyrroe 
w 1 M a Chaltengac Anar, Eranfte. OBW 

TDV CPFrlAI Cormecw. (fee Meadow. 2« ran. MR: 

I LwlHL BecKmghon Ben, R eca nte d Time. 2VU. 

• ySB Tote: £3,00; £380, £330, «S-6a DF. 

y5HHL‘i •Report and S335a CSF: £0.69. 

Report and 
pictures from 
the Dutch 
Boekelo Event ' 

John Oakspy on 
Newmarket and 



W.j •PLUS 
r M JohnOak»»yc 
Newmarket an 


US (6f) 1. NAGEM (P HflL 10-lk 3 
HopeU Kibe (J Vfltens. 10-1): & 
Jamnriaa N Breman. 18-lt 4. Golden 
Gtader tG Stertey. 10-1V ALSO RAN: 6 
Row DKfcins atm. 132 Dvffar s Omcar, 
8 Royal Fan. Taranaa. 10 Easttsrocfc. 12 
State's Wmpy. 14 Son AceuM. Gods 
Sofubon. Tba tcb erae. 20 Seecftwood 
Coaage. 25 Manton Uak. M»y Magm. 
BntMMSd. Sacunry Paolc. Low Flyer, 
wnooertsy wtweJs. PenttS. Dawson 
Thortis. To»ymore. Mterra Dabbav Park 
MB). Cassanora s Dreem (60D- 26 ran. sb 
m. i*. u. iil tu. Bans a Osman. 
Tote: £16 30: £370. £3.10. £1280. £1-20 
DF £7620. CSF. £10825. Tncest 
£1464 07 Ptecepot £30.10 

Richards. Tots: £3X0; £1 .70. tZ60. £220. | 

DF: £1320. CSF: £29X9. 

245 (2m ch) 1. Joist Sovereignty (U 
Dwyer. Em savy.2 Fifty Bucks (Totf-30): 

1 Seoet Vale (50-1). 10 ran. NR. WM 

Sft >r '£l20 41 '£l!wl ,5, £^^f' EUD- 
CSF: £4.48. I 

3.15 (3m fnfe)1. Tent (LWyer, 9-2 favt 

2 Ten te Hand 03-1); 3, WM Covered CO- 
ll: 4. CtBtmxn Kntwear (12-1). 18 ran. 
NR Rwer RasOer. Dusty Fartaw 10. 2- 
M H Easterly Tote: £6 *0. £2,03 £360. 
£1 60. £2X0 OF: £181X0. CSF: £134.12 
Tricast £1.169X8. 

345 (2m eft) l. Little Bay (P Tuck. 7-3; 
2 Locnrun (5-1): 3. Broad Beam (l00-») 
las) 7ran.nL 5LGftoBrds.Tota: &.00: 
£3.40. £280 DF: £1300. CSF: £19X9- 

4.15 (3m 2f Oi) 1. Crack A Joke 0 
Crank. 7-4 fan). 2 fixate Break C9-4fc 3. 
Same Lad (4-1) 5 ran. VA. SIT B4L TOW: 
£242 £120. £1X0. DF: £223 CSF: 

445 (2m rasa) 1. Haadtm jC Smftb.33- 

1L 2,My Son My Soi O-ILSTEne's Wen 

DF £15370. CSF £12764. 
Pteeapot tsus 

By Richanl Eattm 

giving himself a chance of a 
wonderful 2 1st birthday present 
tomorrowif he can somehow 
win again. 

“I will enjoy the Albert Hall 
because it does annoy me that 
Steve and Nick Yates get more 
publicity,'' be said. But to take 
advantage be must beat Xiong 
Guotaao , the seeded Chinese 
player, who virtually won tbe 
Thomas Cup for his country 
when he surprisingly beat Liera 
Swie King on his borne patch in 
Jakarta in May. 

Hall was later joined by a 
pleased and relieved Baddeley, 
who managed to avoid the 
dangerous Dane, Michael 
Kjddsen. who is 3-1 up on their 
head-to-head meetings, but who 
unexpectedly went out in the 
first round to another Malay- 
sian, Foo Kok Keong. 

But Baddeley was displeased 
with the conditions despite bis 
straight games wins over Foo 
Kok Keong and tbe Swedish 
number one Ulf Johansson. “Ii 
is a disgrace to have fighting like 
this in a major tournament of 
this kind. The Albert Hall 
tomorrowwiU be great, but J am 
afraid world-class players will 
not want to come here to play 


Sigel’s 66 
Cup record 

Caracas (Agencies) — Tbe 
United States team recorded a 
6-under-par 204 to take a four- 
stroke lead after tbe first day of 
the Eisenhower Cup men's 
worid amateur championships 
here. The best of their players 
was Jay Sigd who compiled a 4- 
under-par 66 to equal the record 
for the lowest one-day score in 
the Cup's 30-year history. 

In second place after 
Wednesday's play was Canada 
with 208. Brent Franklin re- 
corded a two-under-par 68 while 
Jack Kay and Warren Sye both 
went round in parJapan. who 
won this biennial competition 
in 1984. were not placed among 
the leading first-round finishers. 

Since the tournament was 
established in 1958. the United 
States has won the cup nine 
times, England and Australia 
twice each and Japan once. A 
record 40 nations and ISO 
golfers are taking pan. 

Sates: 208: Canada: 214; New Zealand; 
21 S: Tartan. 216: AustrabB: 217: Van- 
ezttte Sweden; 2ifcwesi Germany; 219: 
Britan. BnU* 22ft Denmwfc. Franca. 

Pulling out 

The Italian lyre manufac- 
turers, Pirelli, Still intend 
towithdraw from formula-one 
motor racing and will dis- 
continue supplies to teams 
following the last grand prix of 
the season in Australia on 
Sunday. The recent victory of 
Austrian driver. Gerhard 
Berger, in Mexico has not i 
made the company change its 

Dilley Test run-up 
is plagued by 
troublesome ankle 

Graham Dilley has been left 
out of England’s side to play 
Queensland in a four-day match 
at the Woolloongabba. starting 
today because ofa troublesome 
ankle injury, although England 
are more concerned at the fast 
bowfcr’s ration of no balls — 16 
in 11 overs— during the opening 
tour match against Queensland 

Dilley set about getting that 
right in the nets while Stewart, 
the assistant manager, and 
Botham watched carefully and 
offered advice on his run-up. 
Having delivered several suc- 
cessive no balls, be overcame 
the problem by varying his 
starting position. 

The Kent player then com- 
plained that his ankle was sore 
and was forced to undergo a 
session on the physiotherapists's 
table. Although Stewart is con- 
fident Dilley's injury will soon 
clear, it was derided not to risk a 
bowler who is likely to lead 
England's attack in the Ashes 
series. “Graham wanted to play, 
but he has some inflamation in 
his ankle and it was thought 
better to let him rest," Stewart 

Dilley. who was almost forced 
to quit the game with a neck 
injury in 1984, had his left ankle 
strapped up for most of last 
summer as a precaution. He is 
apt to land awkwardly on it in 
the delivery stride and first 
noticed some discomfort when 
England practised in Brisbane 
last week. 

With A they (calf) and Rich- 
ards (hip) also out of contention. 

choosing England's 12 was $ 
fairly straightforward task. Whi = 
raker, of Leicestershire, will 
have to wait his turn while 
Edmonds, the left -arm spinner; 
is likely to be 12th man op a; 
pitch expected to favour lhcj 
seam bowlers after overnight 
rain had made it soft. 

Gatting. the England captain; 
feels it is important for the 
middle order baismen - Gower/ 
Lamb and himself — to play in- 
the Queensland match, a de- 
cision which left no room for 
young hopeful Whitaker, “t 
explained the thinking to 
James." Gatting added. “Pm‘ 
sure he wilt play a game against 
one of the State sides." 

Queensland, led by Border,- 
the Australian captain, have 
included fellow Test players 
Ritchie and McDermott, to 
provide England with their first 
serious opposition — a hurdle 
England foil at on the 1982-7 
tour when they slipped to defeat 
by 171 runs. 

Gatting didn't see any prob£ 
lems with Broad. Slack am£> 
Gower, his three left-hand top 
order batsmen, handling Mc- 
Dermott. the Test fast bowler. “1 
would like to see Gower have a 
long stay at the crease." he said. 
Gower has batted twice for 
handy, but small scores, of 22 
and 27. 

ENGLAND 12 B C Bread. W N Stack, 0 1 
Gower. A J Lamb. ‘M W Gattinq, | T 
Bomam. J E Emtxney. RAJ DaFrottas, P 
H EdRKPKk. fB N French. N A Foster. G CT 

QUEENSLAND 12 : 'A Border. R Kerr. A 
Couvce. G finch*. G Tnmbte. T Baraby. 

B Hanscftoll. P Anderson. J HI. H Fret. C 
McDermott, D Tazataar. 

Test for Pakistan 

Faisalabad. Pakistan (Reuter) 
— Pakistan face the all-conquer- 
ing West Indies in a Test series 
for the first time in six years 
starting today. 

Pakistan have chosen six 
specialist batsmen, with Imran 
Khan, the captain and all- 
rounder, adding to that strength. 
His side also includes Abdul 
Qadir. a leg-spinner, and 
Tauseef Ahmed, an off-spinner. 

West Indies have a slight 
doubt about opener Desmond 
Haynes, who has sustained a 
beck sprain since hi s arrival in 
Pakistan, but the manager 
Jackie Hendricks, said Haynes 
was fully recovered and would 
be considered for the Test 

The West India ns will not 
name their team until late 
today, but there is every likeli- 
hood that Marshall, Patrick 
Patterson and Courtney Walsh 
will form a last bowling quartet 
with Tony Gray, who is set to 
win his first Test cap. 

Allhough Faisalabad is tra- 
ditionally the scene of dufl Test 

draws, ironically ii was here that 
Clive Lloyd's West Indians 
gained the only victory in tber 
last Test series between the* 
teams in 1980-81. 

Pakistan, with the inspira- 
tional Imran, could provide Viv 
Richards's side with a compar- 
atively stem tesL Yet such is 
their dominance. West Indies', 
have won their last seven Test, 
series and are unbeaten in their- 
last 11 since losing to New' 
Zealand in 1980. 

Indian umpires who were 
invited to stand in the series ast 
neutral officials have not ar- 
rived and the match umpires 
will be Khizar Hayat and Mian 
Mohammad Aslam. of 

PAKISTAN: Moteif) Khan. Mudassar 
Nazar. Rameez Raja. Javed Miandad, 
Safim MaUc. Qas*n Omar. Imran Khan 

^ t). Abdul Qadfa, Saim Yousaf. 

seat Ahmed. Wasm Akram. 12th man: 
Shoaib Mohammad. 

WEST WD1ES (probata) GGrBenkJga.Et 

Haynes, fi Rctadaon. V Rgharna (capft. 
L Gomes, J Dunn. R Hareer. M Marsha*. 
C Walsh, P Patterson. T Gray. 


Crewmen arrested 

From Keith Wheatley, Fremantle 

early rounds in conditions such 
as these. “ 

Earlier, there were two other 
big upsets when Eddie 
Kumiawan, the seeded Indo- 
nesian. was beaten by the former 
title-holder form Denmark. 
Jens- Peter Nierhoff. and the 
women's title-holder, Kirsten 
Larsen, went out to the leading 
Dutch player, Eline Coene. The 
Dane, however, had been feeling 
unwell all day. 

Record netted 

Moscow (Reuter) — The vet- 
eran forward, Oleg Blokhin, has 
become the first Soviet soccer 
player to score 300 goals, the 
official Soviet news agency Tass 
said yesterday. Blokhin, aged 
34, took his international and 
club tally to tbe 300 mark by 
scoring in Dynamo Kiev's 5-0 
victory over Torpedo Kutaisi 

Sheedy battle 

Everton are battling to cure 
Kevin Sheedy’s pom injury for 
tomonow's game against Wat- 
ford at Goodison Park, while 
Derek Moumfield returns to 
central defence with Dave Wat- 
son definitely out. 

In a sad postscript to the 
folding of the Courageous syn- 
dicate challenging for the 
America’s Cup. four of her crew 
have been charged by police 
after cutting up her mainsail for 
souvenirs. The charges, of steal- 
ing and criminal damage, value 
the Kevlar sail at AJ39.000. 

Three of the sailors were 
arrested at a holiday resort 400 
miles north of Fremantle: The 
fourth, grinder Robert Bennett, 
of Columbus, Ohio, was appre- 
hended in Perth. The challenge: 
under the burgee of the Yale 
Corinthian Yacht Club, was 
sailing the oldest boat in Ihe 
competition. Courageous was 
built in 1973 and successfully 
defended the Cup in 1974 and 
1977. All her crew were 

In the first round robin she 
had proved woefully uncompet- 
itive: Syndicate chiefs put tt>- 

? :ther a deal to buy Dennis 
onner's spare boat. Stars and 
Stripes '85. But promised 
sponsorship money in the 
United States did not 

Tbe syndicate chairman. 
Leonard Greene, who owns 
Courageous, was unwilling to 
sink any more of his own funds 




PEHTtt SbeffMd ShM& South Aujwto 
2*8-8 1 * Watson TT7. G BSftop3S. VMXKSS- 
37] v Weswm Ausma. 


SPANISH CUP: Tb>4 rtarat <M MUM 1. 
flaraig tr, La* we «. Baai Vaiaooto 2. Bftar 
1 Semla 0 (del). Osasuu 1. Orense 1 
(Osasuna won on penmesx Real SocMdsd 1 . 
Mo 0. Nbaceie 1. Saumi 0: Cafe 3. 


ADELAIDE; South Auffttllm Open: Ludbig 
mow: Second round: (Aienalan irtess 
suied) 141; B Srearar. 72_ 69. 0 Graram. 72. 
69 1*3:0 Norman 75.6&PSsnor.73.7D;n 
Swotera 72. 71. V Sonwrfc 7i. 72 14 «• i 
BakV-Fnefc. 70. 74. 14S.-C wanen. 70.78.5 
Burgicn. 72 -74. T Perti W ie m . 74. 72 
CNIfiA,- Japan; B r i dg e * tone le iwte went 
Fmt round: Leaders: 67: K Haaaaawa 
(Japan) SB: Y Iwasnca uaoan). S Fta*i. 
Braistt 71 n Faldo. 


into the project. There was a 
certain crew resentment that 
Greene, an aeronautics mil- 
lionaire, telexed the end of the 
dream from New York rather 
than flying in to break the news 

Three of the crew charged, 
were Donald Stokes. SteveijU 
Humphrey, and John Ahenv 
They appear in court today, y 

Man for the crisis;^ 

Reading, of the second di- 
vision, have signed a new- 
physioiherapist to deal with foe* 
club's injury situation. Johi£~ 
Haselden. who was* 
Huddersfield's assistant man- 
ager, coach and physiotherapist 
until July, replaces Glenn 
Hunter. Haselden played in the 
same Doncaster defence as foe 
Reading manager, Ian Branfoot, 
in the early seventies. 

All-ticket affair 

West Bromwich Albion have 
made their home second di- 
vision fixture against Leeds 
United on December 6 an all- 
ticket match. Both stands and 
lerraces tickets must be pur- 
chased before October 31. 

Wednesday's resnltsP 

EUROPEAN CUP: Second round, tat teff 
AndMtecnt 3, swaoa Bucharest 0; Bayern 
Munich 2. Austria Vienna 01 
BroenObysmes 2. Dynamo Berfn 1 ; Cafcc 

1. Dynamo (Cev 1: VftovKte 1. Porto 0; 
Real Madrid 1 . Jwentus 0: Rosenborg 0, 
Red Star Belgrade a Not pl a ye d : 
BesUaas v Apod Ncosia. 

ond round, few logs Apx 4. Otympakos 
Piraeus 0: Banfca 1. Bordeaux 1: Kato- 
wice 2. Sion 2: Nentori Tirana 0. Mahno 3; 
Rapd Vernal. Lokomotiv Legato 1; Real 
Zaragoza 0. Wrexham ft Torpedo Mos- 
cow 2. VIS Stuttgart ft Vitosra Sofia 2. 
votes Mooter o. 

UEFA CUP: Second round, firat teg: 
Barcelona 1. Scuung Lisbon ft Bewren 
3. Aoileue Btoao l . DuUa Prague ft Bayer 
Leverkusen 0: Borussiq. 

MonchengfBdbach 5, FeyenoortJ 1; Dui:' 
dee united 3. Unwarsttaraa Craiova ft 
Gotnenourg 2. Stahl Brandenburg ft 
Groningen Q. Neuchatel Xanax: Hojduk 
5pfe3.TrataPtovdtvl.Lega Warsaw 3. 
Biter Milan ft Sponui Studentese 0, Ghent 
3: Tonio 4. Raba Era Gyoer ft Swarovski 
Tyrol 2. Standard Ltege 1: Toulouse 3. 
Spanafc Moscow 1; Vltena Gutmarass Z 
Attebco Madrid ft Wdzsw Lodz 0. Bayar 
Uerdingen 0. 

FOURTH DIVISION: Exeter 2. Hartlepool 

0: No rthamp ton a. Burnley 2: Peter- 
borough i. Swansea 1. 

FA VA5£ Hnd roimd raptey: Bay Town 
S. Halstead 0. 

CENTRAL LEAGUE: First cfivMon: Bbck- 
bum 0. Leeaster Qty 0: Derby 1 , Leeds 3: 
Hull 4. MddteEbroudh 1: Newcastle 0. 
Manchester City 1: Nottingham Forest 1, 
OKteam 1: Sheffield United 4. Asian VOa 

2. Second tSvfsioa: Btecfcpool 6. Notts 

County 2. Doncaster 3. YorL 3; RCAhertiam 

3. Bolran 3: Scunthorpe 2, Port vale ft 
West Bromwich Atonn 0. Preston 8. 
Rovers 0. Crystal Palace 4. 

C o rporaoon Cup: Ouafitywg round: Ban- 
gor Coy 1. Rhyl 1: Caernarfon 0. South 
Liverpool i works® 0. Burton Alton 2. 
SOUTHERN LEAGUE: Southern (tension: 
Woodtoro3.Sheppey i. QM A cc e pt a nce 
C o rpor atio n Cup; fluaifrarfl rattett GOS- 
pon 0. Faraham 0. 

ond raante Edgwara 1 . Bhmsdown 4, 
vision: Southwiek 1. Lestherhfi&J 0. 

Second dMsten north: Chesham 1, Trteg 
2. Second £vteh» south: Fekham ft 
Woking 3: Southall 1. Ruskp Manor 2 (at 

UAuSiAMPKJNSWPiReadmg l.Bnsmt 1. 

Hentordsnra 2ft Sussex 3. 

CLUB MATCHES: Canttl 17. Pontypool 

9 ” 

r.' : ’ r : 





Celtic face long retreat 
from Russia after dash 
with Russian dynamos 

We have not seen a fluent 
foreign dob team as Dynamo 
Kiev in Britain since Red Star 
of Belgrade defeated Liverpool 
at Anfield in 1974, and before 
rthem, Ajax. Old hands in the 
'-European arena, such as John 
vGreig and David Hay, were 
^nodding acknowledgement of a 
£greaf side after Wednesday 
-night's superb match at 
<ParkheaiL, with the sincere- 
^appreciation of fellow 

Celtic, with a rousing first 
£t0 minutes and storming last 
*20, had given themselves a 
rfaaif chance of survival in the 
•; second leg against opponents 
'of marvellous physical and 
^ mental flexibility- by equaliz- 
ing near the end. 

The only reservation ex- 
pressed by Hay and Greig, and 
of Celtic's 47,000 crowd, was 
that the first leg partially 
turned on a fierce foul by Bat 
Dynamo's right back, on 
Barnes, Celtic's left back, 
.after 13 minutes, at which 
point Celtic were calling the 
tune. The substitution of the 
injured Bums eight minutes 
later, just after Dynamo had 
scored, and necessitating two 
positional switches, un- 
doubtedly reduced Celtic's 

■ Yet there was no arguing 
with- the quality of the Rus- 
sians, who, if jostice is to be 
done, will become the most 
successful Soviet team, dab or 
national — and they are effec- 
tively both — in modem times. 
Not the least remarkable as- 
pect of their performance was 
that, at the end of their 
domestic season and including 
the World Cnp in which most 
of them had played in Mexico, 
they often outran the virile 
Scots. Like all Eastern Euro- 
peans, they will have to come 
oat green from their winter 

By David Miller 
break for the quarter-final, in 
all probability. 

In Soviet terms. Dynamo 
are nniqne; they transcend, as 
my colleague, Simon 
O'Hagan, wrote the other day, 
that well-organized hut men- 
tally restricted style which has 
tended to characterize Russian 
teams these past 30 years. 
That Valeryi Lobanovski, in 
his second spell as manager 
with the dub, had achieved 
something exceptional was ev- 
ident first when they took 
Atletko Madrid apart in the 
Cnp Winners' Final last May; 
and then when the balk of 
their team - included in the 
national side by Lobanovski 
when be was appointed man- 
ager in a late move of despera- 
tion — dazzled a global 
audience in the first round in 
Mexico, only to fade against 

There were times ou 
Wednesday night when Dy- 
namo were a coach’s dream. 
Their mobility, and the fact 
that every man in the team has 
skill with the ball, gives than 
a profusion of options at 
almost every moment when 
they are in possession. The 
man running on to the end of 
the final pass into the 
opposition's penalty area is as 
likely to be a defender, often 
Demyanenko or Bal, as 
Belanov, the only attacker left 
upfield when they are 

There were some delirious 
moments when, supposing 
that Dynamo were about to 
play the ball negatively back 
to the goalkeeper, the 
Parkhead crowd would start to 
whistle derisively, only to be 
stopped in mid-note when they 
realized, simultaneously with 
their team that it was a deceit 
that two or three Celtic players 
had been pulled forward only 

then to be bypassed and left 
stranded with a sodden torn 
mid reversal of the move. 

Yakovenko is a midfield 
player of astonishing reflexes 
and imagination who reminds 
one of Simonsen at his peak 
with Borussia 

Moencbengfadbacb nine or ID 
years ago. With Zavarov, the 
deep-lying centre forward. 
Rats, and Yevtushenko 
Yakovenko played stone stun- 
ning first-time passing. There 
are tactical elements in the 
team which are a reflection of 
both the old-fashioned dose- 
passing style of the Hungar- 
ians, and of the total football 
of Ajax, with all Its overlap- 
ping movement from the back. 

Together with all this is 
profound willingness to work. 
At one throw4n during the 
second half. Yevtushenko 
made six different runs in the 
space of a few seconds as he 
attempted to pull Celtic play- 
ers out of the way. And, as 
Celtic discovered to their cost, 
the Russians tackle as fear- 
lessly, and with as little con- 
cern for their own safety, as 
any Scot intent on proving his 

The prospects for Celtic are 
slight I cannot see how they 
can score the two or three 
goals away from home which 
they will need, for they are not 
sufficiently adept a defensive 
side to hold intact for 90 
minutes. It was, of course. 
Dynamo who ended Celtic’s 
reign as European champions 
in 1967. 1 remember suggest- 
ing beforehand to my then 
Sports Editor that Kiev were 
threat and that we should 
cover the first round match 
“Kiev? Where the befl's that, 
old boy?” he asked. Celtic 
could well tell him. 

McLean faces a problem 

(AFP) — Dundee United's 
UEFA Cup victory’ over the 
■'Romanians. Universitatea Cra- 
iova. may have given their 
manager. Jim McLean, a 

McLean decided on the aerial 
prowess of his forward-iumed- 
defcnder. Clark, as replacement 
for his injured captain. 
Heggarty. for the tic. Clark 
excelled both in defence and 
attack in Wednesday evening’s 
3-0 success and now McLean 
cannot be sure what to do when 
Heggany recovers full fitness. 
Although Redford gained top 
marks for his two goals in the 3- 
0 first leg win. Clark was not far 
behind with the third goal in the 
8 1 si minute. 

The UEFA Cup also provided 
another emphatic scoreline as 
the West German side. Borussia 




Schools Football by 
George Chesterton 

Queen Elizabeth. Guernsey, 
will set forth with confidence on 
their half-term tour to southern 
.England, having won the first 
■ leg of their annual battle against 
"Victoria College, Jersey. In this 
.match Bacon scored for them in 
The first half and Branbach 
made victory certain when he 
■van onto a long pass and slipped 
■the ball past the goalkeeper. 

. In this year of fluctuating 
fortunes Malvern move to half- 
jerm with a win over Win- 
chester. a match in which 
.-Winchester came from behind 
$0 lead 3-2 early in the second 
vfralf. but then Malvern re- 
'-asserted their authority and won 
-■?-3 and sustained a toss against 
‘Jtlanchester Grammar School. 

In this match the half-time 
■Von? was 1-1. but Manchester 
^hen scored twice in quick 
^succession and despite much 
‘pressure Malvern managed lo 
ipuil back only one goal scored 
‘by Temperxon. their captain. 
Earlier in the week Repton had 
defeated Manchester by 3-2. 
coming from behind to "do so. 
and then went on to beat 
Bradfield 3-0. 

Highgate continued their run 
of success by winning 2-1 at 
home against Shrewsbury- their 
eighth win in a row-. John Lyons 
School. Harrow, arc also enjoy- 
ing a sequence of victories: they 
have won five times in the 
Middlesex Schools League and 
once in the Middlesex Cup. 

• Luton Town's artificial pitch 
has »on international recog- 
nition with the decision to stage 
a schoolboy international 

MOnchengladbach, beat 
Feyenoord, of The Netherlands, 
5-1 in the night's other second 
round, first leg iies.Iialy's two. 
suriviors suffered mixed for- 
tunes. Torino overwhwefming 
Rabo Eto Gyoer. of Hungary, 4- 
0. while Inter Milan went down 
3-2 away to Legia Warsaw in 
Poland. Barcelona, last y car's 
losing European Cup finalists, 
could only beat Sporting Lisboa 
1-0. watched by a mere 37,000 

In the European Cup. the side 
which beat Barcelona to become 
the first East European side to 
win the competition. Steam 
Bucharest, may not survive very 
long. Having been given a bye 
through the first round, they 
caved in as Anderlecht scored 
three limes in the last 13 
minutes. Kmceric finally broke 

the deadlock in the 77th minute. 

The day's easist winners 
would appear to have been 
Besiktas. of Turkey, who did 
not even have to kick a ball to 
reach the the European Cup 
third round, as their opponents 
Apoel Nicosia, of Cyprus, foiled 
to appear for the first leg game 
for political reasons. But Apoel 
are claiming that they should 
would be awarded the tie since 
Besiktas foiled to accept con- 
ditions for the return match in 
Cyprus on November 5 by last 
Sunday's deadline. UEFA will 

One side who seem sure of 
going through to the next round 
of the Cup Winners* Cup, 
however, are Ajax, of The 
Netherlands, who saw off 
Olyrapiak 06 Piraeus, of Greece. 
4-0 in the Cup Winners' Cup 


Kettering seek change 
in their fortunes 

By Paul Newman 

Kettering Town go into their 
FA Cup fourth qualifying round 
tie at home to Windsor and Eton 
tomorrow hoping that a pro- 
longed Cup ran can help revive 
their flagging fortunes. 

The Northamptonshire club 
began the season as one of the 
favourites to win the GM 
Vauxhall Conference 
championship and promotion 
to the fourth division but have 
since stumbled from one crisis 
to another. Hit by a succession 
of injuries, with eight first team 
players out at one stage, their 
luck was typified when Tim 
Thacker broke a leg in a 
collision with Mark Harrison, 
his own goalkeeper. 

4 senes of poor results, 
including four defeats in their 
fin»t eight home games, cul- 
minated in last week's 8-0 
reverse away to Sutton United 
The result left Kettering only 
two places off the bottom of the 
table and prompted the resigna- 
tion of David Needham, the 

Needham, the former Not- 
tingham Forest and Queen's 
Park Rangers defender, had 
been in the job for three years 
and had played an important 
role in rebuilding the club aftera 
series of financial crises. Despite 
having little money to spend on 
players, he took Kettering away 
from the relegation zone, which 
they had occupied almost 
permanently for three seasons, 
and in the last two years they 
have finished 12th and ninth. 

Cyril Gingell. the Kettering 
chairman, said yesterday- “We 
had built such a sound base that 
in the summer we were able lo 
buy several quality players in 
the hope that we could launch a 

serious challenge for the title. 

“Then we had all the injuries 
and l think David began to feel 
that effort was becoming a more 
important factor in the league 
than talent. We were playing the 
more skilful football but were 
getting beaten by sides which 
put all their emphasis on effort.” 

.Arthur Mann, who rejoined 
the club at the start of the 
season, and another senior 
player. Billy Jeffrey, have been 
pul in temporary charge of team 
affairs and their first match was 
last week's 5-1 victory at home 
to Welling United. Kettering 
have advertised the manager's 
job. but Mr Gingell said he 
would discuss the position with 
Mann and Jeffrey fcwfore making 
any decision. 

With little prospect of league 
success this season, tomorrow's 
FA Cup game takes on added 
importance. Windsor and Eton 
have a good recent Cup record 
and Jeffrey took the trouble to 
watch them beat Walthamstow 
.Avenue 2-0 on Tuesday 

• Welling have signed a for- 
ward. Terry Robbins, aged 21. 
from Crawley Town for £ 8.000 
to take the place of John Bartley, 
who has moved to Maidstone. A 
ihrco-club transfer chain has 
been completed by Crawley's 
signing of Colin Barnes from 
Maidstone as a replacement for 

• Barry Silkman, the former 
Crystal Palace and Orient 
player, has joined Wycombe 
Wanderers of the Vauxhali-Ope! 
League on a temporary basis. 

• Mark Turkington, the 
Famborough Town defender, 
has gone to Portsmouth for a 
three week trial. 


•,'Vfc': V >v 

Christie; feeling better, and more confident 

Christie under 
wing of Tibbs 

By Srikumar Sen, Boxing Correspondent 

The band of Jimmy Tibbs, 
one of Britten's leading trainers, 
will be in evid en ce when Errol 
Christie, of Coventry, next takes 
to the ring against Sean 
Mannion, of Connemara and 
Boston, at the Alexandra Pavil- 
ion ou Wednesday night. 

Tibbs, who joined Frank War- 
ren after being sacked by Terry 
Lawless, believes be can pot 
Christie back on the road to the 
world title and help him get over 
that traumatic eighth-round de- 
feat by Mark Kaylor, of West 
Ham, test year. Mannion, aged 
29 and a world ranked fight- 
middleweight now campaigning 
as a middleweight, w01 certainly 
pot Tibbs’s boast to the test 

Tibbs was brosgbt in by 
Christie's manager, Burt Mc- 
Carthy, after the Coventry 
boxer’s faflure to tend solidly 
and deanly on the the Lmrisiana 
light-middleweight, Adam 
George, last month. Tibbs prom- 
ised yesterday to produce a 
confident, more relaxed and 
sharper Christie for Mannion. 

“We have been working on 
one or two faults but he’s got so 
much talent that he is bound to 
come through. He wfl] be there 
on the night," Tibhs said. Tibbs, 
who was a dose friend of 
Kaylor’s while at Lawless's 
Canning Town gym. believes 
that if the two men met again the 
contest would take a different 
coarse. “Christie would fight a 
different fight.” 

Christie welcomed the change 
of trainers. “Jimmy and i have 
got it together,” be said. He 
admitted that his past trainers 
were unable to teach him much. 
“They bad no control over me. I 
questioned my trainer. I realize 
now that it was wrong. I feel 
ranch better now and more 
confident Jimmy knows how to 
bring a fighter along." Mc- 
Carthy added: “Tibbs is a 

strong-willed man and Enrol 
respects that” 

Mannion, who has boxed for 
die world l^ht-middlewdgbt ti- 
de, has come well prepared. He 
has studied Christie's main 
contest on film and trained 
under Angelo Dundee in Miami 
for the last three weeks. 
Mannion sees this boat as a 
to make a name for 
himself in Europe. “I want to 
fight Hero! Graham for the 
European title because at my 
age I doot want to wait too long 
to fight for the world middle- 
weight tide.” Mannion plans to 
meet Robbie Sims, Marvin 
Hagler's brother, before coating 
back to Britain to chalks 
Graham. Manama, who spea 
Gaelic fluently, left Ireland for 
Boston in 1977, wants to r etain 
to Galway. 

The winner on Wednesday 
night could also earn the right to 
meet Tony Sibsoo, of Leicester, 
for the Commonwealth tide. The 
bout would go on at the National 
Exhibition Centre. Birmingham, 
as Christie and Sibson have a 
big Midland foflowing, and 
there are also quite a few 
Irishmen there, too. But I cannot 
remember exactly when Conne- 
mara or Boston joined the 

The Midlands will also see 
heavyweight action when Hor- 
ace Notice, the British cham- 
pion. defends his 
Commonwealth title gainst 
Proud Kilimanjaro, from Zim- 
babwe, at the Civic Halt 
Wolverhampton on Wednesday, 
November 26. The referee will 
be the local Star referee, John 


Notice said yesterday: “Al- 
though I am a native of West 
Bromwich, I am not very well 
known in the Midlands. I hope 
to pot Oat right and I will be 
helped in trining by my dose 
friend, Frank Bruno." 



Man of the match now 
man of the world 

By Keith Macklin 

Bren Kenny, the Australian, 
who won the man of the match 
award for Wigan against Hull at 
Wembley in 1985. was yesterday 
voted the world's best Rugby 
League player. Kenny was 
named the Adidas Golden Boot 
award winner for ] 986. beating 
nine other international players 
from Australia. France. Great 
Britain and New Zealand, in a 
poll conducted through an inter- 
national panel of experts. 

Kenny is one of Australia's 
outstanding backs, and he is 
named in the centre for 
tomorrow's first international 
against Great Britain at Old 
TralTord. During his period with 
Wigan he figured as stand-off 
half, and scored an outstanding 
long-distance try in Wiean's 28- 
24 v ictory in the 1 0 irv spectacu- 
lar against Hull at Wembley in 


The other contenders for the 
award were Ellery Hanley 
(W r igan). Garry Schofield (Hull) 
and Tony Myicr (Widnes). all of 
whom will be playing for Great 
Britain tomorrow- Peter Sterling 
and Gary Jack, of Australia: 
Mark Graham. Kurt Sorenson 
and Hugh McGahan. of New 
Zealand, and Marc Palanque. of 

The award is the highest for 
an individual in the sport, and is 
also sponsored by Open Rugby 
magazine and Rugby League 
Wtw m Australia. 

After the presentation Kenny 
said: “Playing for Wigan at 
Wembley was the greatest 
experience of my fife. It was 
even better than playing for 
Australia and in Australia's 
equivalent to Wembley, the 
grand final. There is something 
special about tbe atmosphere 
and the crowd at Wembley that 
a player never forgets." 

Kenny added that he thought 
the international series against 
Great Britain would be for 
tougher for Australia than their 
easy romp in whitewashing 
Great Britain in the 1982 series. 
However. Kenny added, un- 
nervingly for Britain, that he 
had never been on (he losing 
side in II internationals with 

Former coaches sue 

Colin Clarice and Alan 
Mclnnes. the coaches who were 
sacked last June by Wigan, are 
suing the club for unfair dis- 
missal. During their time at 
Central Park. Wigan won the 
Lancashire Cup. the John Player 
trophy and the Challenge Cup. 

hope to 
St Ives 

By David Hands 
Rugby Correspondent 

Worthing, for those who have 
sever bees there, tends to con- 
jure up a staid tenge of south 
coast gentility. Their ragby lean 
belie that image, for they have 
not achieved their success of 
recent seasons without a certain 
steel and 1 doubt if gentle is quite 
the adjective for tomorrow's 
John Player Special Cap sec- 
ond-round tie at their 

Too many games 
and very 
little structure 

By Gerald Davies 

Club fixtures in Wales, like teens have changed; Saturday^ 


Britain find a pattern 

By Joyce Whitehead 

Great Britain women arrived 
in New Jersey yesterday before 
i he USA Classic from October 
29 to November 2. At Bisham 
Abbey (his week, (he squad met 
Middlesex/Slaugh. winning 3-1. 
but went down 3-1 io Slough 

Andrea Pemberton (Ealing) 
can boast a goal ag3insi Great 
Britain, but the matches showed 
the squad are developing a 
definite pattern, especially Mc- 
Bride. Fraser and Hambly. the 
captain, bringing refreshing 
adventure to Great Britain's 
play- What is missing is speed 
- and the confidence to surge on 
«goaI. . . 

. - Great Britain need some good 

results in the United Slates if 
they are to get anywhere near 
the’ Olympics. They warm up 
against ihe Americans and a 
Philadelphia ream this weekend 
before the tournament matches 
against South Korea, the United 
States and Argentina. 

The national county cham- 
pionship preliminary matches, 
which must he finished by- 
December. begin this weekend. 
All nine Midland teams play at 
llkestonc recreation ground. 
Cadbury Schweppes Bourne- 
Mile and Players Club. Notting- 
ham. On Sunday the South 
teams meet at Bisham Abbey. 
Maidenhead HC and Crystal 


Threat from east for top trio 

After a decade of no men's 
international competition, tech- 
nical standards are beginning to 
approach those attained by men. 
Each biennial world champion- 
ships has seen a quantum leap 
and the fourth world champion- 
ships. which -open in Maas- 
tricht. The Netherlands, today 
Hill (x- no difterent- 

Certain individuals, such as 
Ingrid Berghmans, the Belgian 
light-heavy weight, Brigitte 
Deydter. the middleweight, from 
France, and Karen Briggs, of 
Britain have tended to stand 
bead and shoulders above all 

Miss Deydier and Miss 

By Nicolas Soames 

Briggs both won world titles in 
1982 and 1984. and European 
champions as welL Miss 
Berghmans's career has been 
e»eii more dominating. Though 
just 72kg. her fierce competitive 
nature has enabled her to win 
tbe open weight title in every 
world championships and last 
time in Vienna, she won her 
weight category title to boot 
Jnsi bow well she has recovered 
from two knee injuries was seen 
at the British Open test month 
when she won the light-hearv- 

weighl and open categories. 

Bnt none of these three 
Competitors can regard these 
last world championships to 

take place segregated from the 
men as a foregone 
conclasioo-For the first time, the 
Soviet Union send a full team, 
and while their women's judo fa 
as yet immature, they coaid 
spring a surprise. 

But Maastricht may be the 
event where the Japanese and 
the Sooth Koreans make their 
mark. Besides Kaori 
^amagochL the featherweight. 
Japanese contestants can be 
expected to reach the finals, 
particular!) in the light-middle- 
weight category, while South 
Korea recently whitewashed the 
■Japanese men hz the Asian 

are tbe _ 

St Ives, tbe Cornish Cop 
champions, are no strangers to 
the John Player competition. In 
1981, thee first year of entry, 
they cut a swath through the 
sooth coast, beating Bomrnc- 
monthaad Lewes before roaring 
up against Bristol. In 1983 they 
readied the forth round, before 
going down to Nottingham, and 
last year they were beaten at the 

first time of asking by Henley. 

Tomorrow’s teams are well 
matched. Worthing with one 
defeat to set against St Ives’s 
two (against Truro and 
Barnstaple). Bat St Ives, whose 
centenary is next year, have tbe 
knowledgeable head of Roger 
Corin, back from Sooth Africa, 
to guide them and tbe desire to 
confirm oa a broader scene their 
position as Cornwall's outstand- 
ing dob of recent years. 

Corin, aged 34, the No. 8 who 
has appeared 67 times for his 
county, emigrated three years 
ago hot has returned from 
Durban. He has a duster at 
young Moods around him, 
including the lock Martin Haag, 
aged 18, who played for 
England’s 18-group seboob side 
last season. Haag, tike Billy 
Peters, the stand-off half, is a 
product of Penwith Sixth Form 
College and it is to the pack that 
St Ives will be looking for 

Their threeqnartevs have been 
disrupted by injury and no- 
avaflabflfty — Corin has hud 
down a stern rale that those who 
do not train do not play and 
three weddings in September 
have not helped the team- 
building process. So the fin- 
wards, and the goal-lucking of 
Nigel Seamens, a recent recruit 
at fhU back from St Jnst, will be 
tbe mam threat to Worthing. 

St Ives have been placed in tbe 
South West first division of 
England’s new league structure 
next season, whidt wifl take 
them as far up country as High 
Wycombe and Oxford hot they 
are accustomed to such travels, 
“ft is a good time for oar 
players to get as broad an 
experience as possible," Mi- 
chael Gee. their secretary, said, 
“Our fell hack for Instance — he 
was jnst playing junior rugby 
test season. If we get tfrroegh 
this round of the cnp, who 
knows; be may fed himself 
playing against Leicester .It’s 
the sort of dung that helps bring 
tbe better players to the top 
dubs in Cornwall”. 

At all events, when St Ives do 
leave tbe competition tikis sea- 
son, their trea sc er will keep a 
careful eye out lor the arrival of 
the sponsors' cheque. Inst year 
it went to the other St Ives, a 
somewhat younger organization 
in Cambridgeshire. “They sent 
H onto ns,” Gee said. Worthing 
may not find it so easy to dispose 
of St Ives’s playing assets. 

is eager 
to impress 

By David Hands 

After missing the first month 
of the season because of his 
business commitments. Mau- 
rice Colclough is eager this week 
to indicate his fitness to the 
England selectors. The lock, 
aged 33. made his first senior 
appearance for Swansea on 
Wednesday and plays against 
Leicester at St Helens 

Colclough is a member of the 
England training party which is 
to spend four days in Portugal 
next week but has been unable 
to attend the various national 
training weekends. However, 
after three games with Swansea 
Athletic he played against 
Pontypridd on Wednesday eve- 
ning and shared in a 43-7 win. 
which was notable for four tries 
by Bleddyn Taylor on the wing. 

He was joined in the second 
row by John Williams and the 
same pair pack down together 
tomorrow. Richard Moriarty. 
Swansea's captain, will take a 
rest after playing in his dub's 
first 14 matches of the season. 
Coincidentally it seems that 
England are now regaining their 
foil band of locks, since wade 
Dooley is busy regaining match 
fitness with Fykie and the 
Lancashire Constabulary, to put 
pressure on the pair who repre- 
sented England against Japan at 
Twickenham earlier this month. 
Steve Bainbridgc and Nigel 

• For Saturday's visit from 
London Scottish. Bristol rest a 
number of players and the 
introduction of youngsters 
Geoff Crane and Wayne Hone 
to the pack means they have 
picked 41 different players for 
the first team this season. 

Topsy. “just grow'd”. Unlike 
her, however, there is always 
room for expansion in rugby. 

Atone stage the structure had 
a lean and hungry look about it 
which satisfied the demands of 
competition, finance and sup- 
port of Welsh rugby. It is now 
beginning to look as if that 
trim ness has gone. 

A look at the fixture list shows 
that of the 19 dubs which make 
up the Western Mail champion- 
ship. 10 will play SO or more 
matches this season, the other 
nine are in the upper forties. 

The championship is un- 
official because it is admin- 
istered exclusively by the 
newspaper staff and not by the 
Welsh Rugby Union or the 
dubs. There is also the Merit 
Table, sponsored by Whitbread 
(Wales), and organized by the 
dubs and brewery. -However, 
only 15 dubs are included. with 
London Welsh. South Wales 
Police and Tredegar not on that 
fist, while Cardin pr e f erre d not 
to take part from the start. The 
one competition vies for atten- 
tion and possibly detracts from 
the other. Neither can be said to 
integrate the interests of Welsh 

■ Traditionally, Welsh rugby 
has proudly maintained that 
because its top dubs are con- 
tained in a 70-mile stretch in the 
south, this arouses enough ri- 
valry to remove the need of a : 
more formal structure, and the 
dubs, protective of their auton- 
omy, want to decide for them- 
selves with whom to play. 

Times, though, are changing. 
If Wales has that, dement of 
rivalry written . into its geog- 
raphy and which, once, gave its 
rugby the edge which the others 
lacked, the other countries now 
are making good their loss. 

Scotland have their club and 
inter-district championships; 
Ireland have provincial and 
inter-provincial tournaments. 
England, because of geography 
ana a more awkward admin- 
istrative structure, are evolving 
a system of their own which, 
given time, they will presum- 
ably get right. At least a lively 
debate exists. 

In Wales there is no move- 
ment at alt. Two years ago, the 
WRITS report into the state of 
the game recommended that 
some form of league or 
championship structure should- 
be set up. Since then, neither the 
WRU nor the dubs have given 
it any serious consideration. 
The fixtures remain a higgledy- 
piggledy jumble anangsd for a 
variety of and sometimes 1 
conflicting, motivations. 

The conflict, for instance, 
between the priority given to 
midweek and Saturday matches, 
is getting more acute. Wednes- 
day. apparently, is good for Ihe 
dubs. The smaller dub with no 
floodlights send along their 
support; social and leisure pat- 

rugby is a long day out Such, at 
any rate, are the arguments. 

There is also another worry- 
ing trend. Although there were 
difficult arguments to overcome 
initially — it might encourage 
violence, professionalism, it 
would disrupt the fixtures ami 
so On — the cup coropetmon is 
highly successful in every way. 
But it is financially rewarding 

° n £[andii%rdiffand Bridgend 
have won the competition 1 1 
times betwe e n them in 15 years 
Neath. Newport. Swansenand 
Foniypod once each. These 
dubs, along with Aberavon. 
have largely dominated the 
. semi-final rounds. 

This dominance by the clubs 
is something of which Brian 
Nicholas, the Maesaca coach- is 
acutely aware. His dub has been 
nowhere near the final of the 
Cup, and, along with six others, 
have yet to appear in the semi- 

Jet-set Fijians 

The Ffltea Barbarians, who 
fly in for a 12-match four of the 
British Isles on Sunday, wffl 
inctode 10 capped players in 
their party. The British tour is 
part of a worldwide 24-match 
odyssey which began on October 
5 and is scheduled to end on 
December 17 in Toulouse- 
TOUR DATES: October 29 v Portypoofc 
Nornmew t v UeneU: Nov 4 v LwoemBr: 

Nova v UP Byron s XV at.M pjMig Nov 
12 v West Harflapool: Nov 18 v Orrefc Nov 
19 v Baft: NtwSv t ansdewm a, Pubfcn 
NO* 26 v Utstar at RawnhM; No* 29 * 
Munster HI Unwlsk; December 3 v North 
Warn mBapflon Dec 7 v Ca mborne. 

He foresees a time when a 
group of super dubs in Wales 
will attract all tbe talented 
players. This is the reason why 
he wants to establish a large 
squad of loyal young players in 
the hope of bring in such a 
group in the future. 

With such undue, almost 
improper, empharis on tbe Cup 
and tbe success of the few. the 
time has arrived for a' merit or 
championship table, but one 
which is integrated fully into the 
system. . 

If the congestion in the mid- 
dle of the season, during which 
the international matches and 
the Cup rounds are played, is 
thought a problem, perhaps the 
championship, if it .were to 
come into bring, should be 
divided. . -• ' - ■ ' 

This might do away with the 
financial worries some dubs 
tb'rnk they have at the moment. 
Those 15 dubs, who were at 

such loggerheads with the WRU 
last year over the proposed new 
ar ra ngements for the Cup, might 
more profitably spend their time 
by looking at the positive as- 
pects of a formal structure to 
incorporate a dub's fixtures and 
to prepare the way for a 
championship competition. 

Focus on Gibson 

By George Ace 


tJBany {Cork Con): G 
M Ftnn (Co* Corfl. M Hainan 
1 K0es 
ConJ: J 

Munster go into tomorrow’s 
opening provincial match 
against Ulster in Cork, as slight 
favourites if only because of 
their strength at halfback, where 
they have an international pair- 
ing in Keyes and Bradley. 

Their opposite numbers. 

Brown and Brady, are confident 
players, but they have not so far 
ibis season displayed the co- 
hesion and form that made a 
significant contribution to 
Ulster’s winning of the title for 
the last two years. 

Tf* (Watefpartch' C Dunne (Wanderers), C 

Mike Gibson, at No. 8, for McCarthy (UCGy. t Oancy (Unsdowns). 

6ft C Fitzgerald jSrJggi. cspft M 

(Sundays wen. D Lernhan pork Con. 
caw), RCosaSrotdQmesnlJ. WSextar 
(GarrmwenL M Gibson (London 
ULSTER: P Ramey (BaJymena); T 
Rngtsnd (BaOymena}. j Hewn (NIFCL D 
frwft (tnsMrwms. capt). K Crossan 
' i Blown fMatona). R Brady 
P MiCsr (Bafymeref J Mo- 
(Mi lone). J McCoy (Bangor). W 
Duncan (Malone). W Anderson 
(Dungannon), C Morrison (M atone). N 
CarrfAnb). P Mattnews (Wanderers). 
Betas* « O'Connor (Connacht). 
CONNACHT: H OTocte; FtfHyiin, JDaly. 
D Hoiand (AM Cormtftians). B Moran 


MecCtancy (Dtt 


(Shannon). D 


(St Mary's). M 

(Trinity i 


Starts), N Manwro'(Corinth nri »t 
LBNSTER: H MscNefD (London Irish); J 
Sexton (Dublin university). 8 Muttn (Ox- 
ford UnhrersityL A Ward (Greystonesl P 
Haycock Perenur&P Dean (St Mary'S). A 
Doyle (Greystboes, caprl: P Or |OM 
Waatery). H Havson (Bectfve Rangers). D 
Fitzgerald (Wanderers). P Collin: 

Munster. Gibson, a massive 6ft 
6in and dose to 16sL plays for 
Ireland against Romania in 
Dublin tomorrow week after a 
lapse of five injury-riddled 

In Galway,. a Leinster side, 
who were unlucky to obtain 
only a draw against Liandii at 
Siradey Park recently, should 
account for a Connacht team 
without John O'Driscoll. 

A first for Stonyhurst 

Schools Rugby by Michael Stevenson 

Pride of place ibis week must - The visitors* tactics were to 
Surely go to Stonyhurst. keep the ball as far as possible 
Sedbergh are one of tbe finest from Harrow’s : powerful pack 
ragby saiools and have recently and halves: ibis they did to such 
enjoyed outstanding success effect that they ran out winners 
but on Wednesday. Stonyhurst by a -try and a goal to two 
beat them for the first time, 10 - penalties (10-6). 

'They led through 

There was near parity in the 


Mahon and Egan, the 
Stony burst halves, played ex- 
cellently. Stonyhurst’s points 
came from a penalty by Flood, a 


only manage a penalty in reply, MlitoalSS Ben, wrie 

half St Paul's snatched victory, 
however, through a second try 
by Amponsah. which Wakefield 
converted. The tackling of the 
whole Si Paufs side was a 

Harrow, such a force last 
season, started the present cam- 
paign very successfully with 
wins against HabentasberVEp- 
sum. and St Edward's; they then 
defeated Rugby 21-J5 and Bed-, 
ford 16-10. and must have 
entertained St PauTs with a 
good deal of confidence. 


•Both ipngV. Taunton, and 
Sherborne were unbeaten before 
their reoepl meeting at Taunton, 
-where KmgV triumphed 14-9. 
despite Trailing by six earty 
points, through a penalty and -a 
drop goal. -Viale scored two tries 
for King's.'- 

Old-timers never die in Ireland 


Irish selectors have displayed 
a penchant for recalling players 
to the international scene when 
m tbe ey es of most they bare 
long ago worn the green for tbe 
last time. For tbe match against 
Romania on November 1, Mike 
Gibson, the No. 8, falls into this 
category- having made his last 
appearance at international level 
as a replacement In tbe game 

against Wales in Cardiff fat 1981 
- on occasion that lingers in the 
memory only for two reasons: 
Ireland scored die only two tries 
of tbe game and lost 9-8, 

Gibson joined such notables 
as Tony 

McLousblin. with OTteflly'sab- 

spanung a seven-year 
period, having been -bcangbt. 
back against Fny . land in 1970 
after having made bis prerioos 
international appearance 
against Wales in 1963- Millar 
was recalled in 1968 after* four- 
year gap and went on to win a~ 
further 14 caps: Flynn was 
brought hack in J972 after six 
years in tbe wOderness and 
McLoagblin was oat of the 
intenratMnal fimeliehf from 
1966 to 1971.. 

And what of Gibson? With a 
name like that there was- only 
one person to ask: the other 

O'Reilly, SW Millar, MikeGibsoa, arguably the most 
Flynn, and Ray complete Rngfcy footbaflri fa- 
int. with O'Rriny'sab- tend ever produced, andwho in* 

glittering, career - made 81 
appearances far Ireland and tbe 
British Lions, bts 69 caps for bfa 

country- * world- record. ■ - 
Gibson had this to say on 
Gibson: “1 only playril on one 
occasion -wfeb^Mike a pit^ 

Scotland in "the final match of 
the 1979 season. Bnt 1 was 
ttwnendonsly impressed with 
Gibson in bis three previous 
internationals which 1 watched 
from Che stand and very dls*- 
: appointed that he had to with- 
draw from tbe Ireland party that 
toared Australia in . 1979 on 

toff - * 

i , ttwnsfatt to 

: jWawft gtoue.fy -Ins dontina. 
jinn of tfie jmek of foe Ifaeoatr 


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i on Gibson 

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die in I' 

■cllll" 1 



Edited by Peter Dear 
and Christopher Davalle 

Golden days when variety was the spice of life 

• 9 y i r thc P 251 few years. Gra- 
nada has made a specialty’ of big. 
bcatmfui blockbusters with period 
sellings: think of Brideshead 
k<* visaed and Jewel in the Crown. 
Here is another, a seven-part serial 

o a ,lt d , l ? st Empire (1TV. 
8.30pm) from ihe j B Priestley 
^° V | * n ® r ’ la ’ n "s music halls 
in 1914. Don’t expect ihe seedy, 
dymg world of John Osborne’s 
The Entertainer - ibis is ihe star- 
studded variety theatre in its 
heydav. which Priestley uses as an 
analogy for the pre-Firsi World 
war "great golden afternoon” of 
England. Ian Curteis’s adaptation 
cuts thc Priestley dialogue to the 
bone, with some loss of 
characterization, but the glamour 
and exmicism of the theatre in 
those simpler days is conveyed 
wonder-folly. We see it all through 
the eyes of a young Yorkshireman 

6.00 Ceefax AM. 

6.50 Breakfast Tima with Frank 
Bough and Debbie 
Greenwood. Weather at 625, 

" regional news, weather and 
traffic af 627, 727, 727 and 
827; national and International 
news at 7.00, 720, 6.00, 820 
and 9.00; sport at 720 and 
820; and a review of the 
morning newspapers at 827. 
925 WH1 to Win. The story of 
- Audrey Slaughter's battle to 

K 58 a new magazine, (r) 
x 10.30 Play School. 
10.50 Ceefax. 

1.00 News After Noon with Moira 
Stuart and Laurie Mayer, 

. includes news headlines with 
subtitles 125 Regional news. 
The weather details come from 
Michael Fish 120 Bertha. A 
See-Saw programme for the 
.very young, (r) 

1.45 Snooker and Racing. David 
Vine introduces quarterfinal 
action in the Rothmans Grand 
Prtx from the Hexagon, 
Reading, and Julian Wilson is 
' at Newbury for the Flavei 
Leisure Four-Year-Old Hurdle 
(220): the Glynwed 
International Steeplechase 
(3.00); and the Leisure 
Thinking Sink Steeplechase 
(320) The 4.00 race is on BBC 
2. 322 Regional news. 

3.55 Whizz, (r) 4.05 SuperTed. 

* Cartoon, (r) 4.15 Beat the 
Teacher. Paul Jones presents 
another round of the pupils 
versus teachers quiz game. 
420 Cbeggers Ptaye Pop.* 
Quizzes, games and pop v 
music presented by Keith 
Chegwm, Sue Wayman and 
Michele Kennedy. Among the 
guests is comedian Ken Dodd. 
5.00 John Craven’s Newsround 
5.10 Grange HilL Episode six 
of the 24-part drama serial and 

who joins the troupe of his sinister 
uncle Nick, “the Great Ganga 
Dun, Maharajah of Mystery”. A 
splendid cast includes, for this first 
episode, Laurence Olivier (in an 
echo of his screen role as The 
Entertainer) playing an aged, 
doomed “eccentric .comedian”. 
Unlike the comic. Lord Olivier 
has not lost his touch. 

• Omnibus (BBCl. 1 0.25pm) is a 
profile of Australian novelist, 
Peter Carey, whose extraordinary 
confessions of a 139-year-old con- 
man. “Illy whacker”, was 
shortlisted for last year's Booker 

• On its first showing last March, 
Screen Two’s The Russian Soldier 
(BBC2, 9pm) achieved less than 
its due impact because it was just 
one in a spate of “Big Brother Is 
Watching You” suspense dramas. 

6.00 News with Nicholas Wttchefl 
and Philip Hayton. Weather. 

625 London Phis. 

7.00 Wogan. Tonight's guests 
include Bob Geldof, Ruby Wax. 
Martyn Lewis, and WitHam 

725 Btankety Blank. Joining Las 
Dawson tonight are Lennie 
Bennett, Bela Emberq, Rolf 
Harris. Lesley Judd, Karen 
Day. and Dbde Peach. (Ceefax) 

8.10 The Coibys. Sable throws a 
29th wedding anniversary 
party in a desperate attempt to 
stop her husband filing for 
divorce, but this ends rn 
predictable ugliness; Fallon 
thinks she is pregnant; and 
Monica and Neil begin their 
steamy affair all over again. . ■ 

9.00 News with John Humphiys and 
Andrew Harvey. Regional 
news and weather. 

920 CaB Me BRater. Jack 

Bartholomew is hired by a 
former prime ballerina to find a 
woman she thinks has stolen 
an antique music box. During 
hfs investigations jack 
discovers that foe situation is 
not as straightforward as he 
first thought. Starring Steve 
Bisiey and Natasha Parry. 



including the much flashier Edge 
of Darkness. This is a slower- 
moving. more naturalistic and 
ultimately more chilling late. 

• Another underrated pro- 
gramme: Gallery (Ch4. 2.30pm) is 
an amusing and incidentally 
educational art quiz, hosted by 
George Melly. The teams each 
comprise an an student and a 
celebrity (this week. Norman St 
John-Stevas and Molly Parkin): 
the regular team captains are art 
lecturer Frank whitford, and 
painter Maggi Hambling, a 
marvellously charismatic if faintly 
sinister personality, habitually 
dressed in black and wreathed in. 
cigarette smoke, who fires us with 
the glittering eye of an Ancient 
Manner. Original and ftin. 

• Pixote (Cb4. U.l5pm) is the 
Brazilian film which was named 
best Foreign movie of its year 
(1981 ) by both New York and Los 
Angeles critics, against com- 
peiiiion from Mephisio and 
Wajda’s Man of Iron. Its director. 
Hector Babenco. also made Kiss of 
the Spider Woman. The story is 
based on the facts that SO per cent 
of the Brazilian population is 
under 21; three million children 
are destitute and homeless: and 
minors cannot be prosecuted, so 
are used to front serious crime. 
The film centres on Pixote, an 
abandoned ten-year-old boy living 
on the squalid streets of$ao Paolo. 
An angry, crusading film which 
carries the Channel 4 .warning 

• Radio tackles one of 
Shakespeare's more curious and 

difficult comedies. All's Well that 
Ends Well (Radio 3. 7.30pm). 
with thc aid of a stout cast led by 
Alfred Burke. Bernard Hepton. 
Maureen O'Brien, Greg Hicks and 
Nickolas Grace. Shakespeare 
pinched the story from Painter’s 
Palace of Pleasures, published in 
1566. in which young Count 
Bertrand enters the service of the 
dying King of France. Helena, 
daughter of Bertrand's late family 
physician, is able to cure the King 
with one of her father's recipes; 
and in gratitude he offers her a 
husband. She chooses Bertrand 
but he is unwilling and flees to 
Florence. She plots to overcome 
his disdain. A rather cynical piece, 
with neither hero nor heroine 
particularly attractive, but in- 
teresting whhaL 

Anne Campbell Dixon 

Laurence Olivier (centre) Colin Firth and John Castle (ITV, 830pm) 

Jackie is bemused by 
2 ammo's lack of cash. 


(Ceefax) .. 

5.35 Masterteam. Knock-out quiz 
for teams, presented by 
Angela Rippon. 

1025 dmnfbtis: The Most Beautiful 
Lies. A profile of foe Australian 
■ novelist, Peter Carey, one of 
last year's unsuccessful 
Booker Prize candidates for 
his novel. Illywhacker. 

11.20 The SJg Fix (1973) starring 
Richard Dreyfuss and Susan 
Anspach. The story of a smaB- 
time private detective, saddled 
with a shrewish wife and two 
chitten, who meets an old 
flams from his radical student 
days who asks him to 
investigate a smear campaign . 
being waged against a centrist 
candidate for the governorship 
of California. The private eye 
slowly uncovers a web of 
corruption centred around an 
. anonymous but powerful . 

.Directed by 

Stage battle: Blanche (top) and Rose (right) vie for toe pari M : Lady 
Macbeth in the community theatre in The Golden Girls (Ch4, 10pm) 

BBC 2 

920 Ceefax. 

920 Daytime on Two: careers 
guidance services offered by 
universities 922 Part five of 
the story of a girt who 
befriends a badger 10.15 A 
small country field in Scotland 
during the four seasons 1028 
Mathematical investigations. 
1120 Wondermafos 1 1.17 
Man’s efforts to save the 
coastlines of Dorset and 

1120 Using old machinery as' 
subjects for drawing 12.00 
New Yorker journalist John 
Hershy's account of his visit to 
Hiroshima shortly after the 
hydrogen bomb was dropped 
on the city 1222 People from 
several walks of life discuss 
foe fascination of motor cars 
125 Using popular television 
programmes to team English 
1 23 Songs of protest 220 For 
four- and five-year olds. 

2.15 Snooker and Racing. The 
Rothmans Grand Prix 
quarterfinals from the 
Hexagon. Reading; and from 
Newbury, the Falcon Catering 
Equipment Novices' Hurde 

6.00 nnAassie’s Great 

canny canine and John 
Provost; dune Lockhart and 
Hugh ReiHy. Adventure about 
the search for Lassie and her 
companion. Timmy, who are 
deposited in a wilderness 
when a balloon breaks loose 
and carries them away. 
Directed - by WiHiam Beaudine. 

720 Micro Live. Fred Harris 

examines a number of Ihe best 
i for the home micro; and 

Ian McNaught-Davis tails foe 
sad story dr the ingenious 
computer-controlled sail which 
can save a tenth of a ship's 
fuel bill, but bankrupted its 

820 International Snooker. A 
quarterfinal match in the 
Rothmans Grand Prix. 

820 Gardeners* World. Geoff 
Hamilton is in foe shrubbery 
explaining how to take cuttfngs 
from existing shrubs in order 
to enlarge the garden: and 
John Kelly is in the greenhouse 
building an alpine garden. . 

9.00 Screen Two: the Russian 
Sokfier. Wanren Clarke, Alan - 
MacNaughtan, and Patrick 
Malahfde. A mystery story 
about a farmer who discovers 
his livestock dying and neither 
he nor the local vet can 
discover why. A man from the 
ministry arrives and seals off 
the farm claiming rt is an 
outbreak of foot and mouth - 
something that the farmer and 
the vet know can't be true. 
Directed by Gavin MHler. 
(Ceefax) (r) 

10120 International Snooker. 

Quarterfinal action from the 
Rothmans Grand Prix. 

1020 Newsnlght 1125 Weather. 

11.40 I nte rnational Snooker. Further 
action from the 
Rearing. Ends at 1 


925 Thames news headlines. 

920 Schools: truth and fcesas 
described by children 9.47 

How We Used tb Live: being 
out of work spurs a family man 
to involve himself in political 
action 1029 Maths: paths 
1026 Keeping cool 10.48 The 
status of women worldwide 

11.15 A school orchestra in 
rehearsal; and musical 
instruments being made 1127 
How a visually handicapped 
boy communicates 1124 Why 
we need water and how it is 

1220 Flicks (r) 12.10 Rainbow. 
Learning made fun with 

1220 Pe nn ywi se . Muriel Clark and 
Anne Brand with more money- 
saving ideas. 

120 News at One with John Suchet 
120 Thames news presented 
by John Andrew. 

120 Fane Blackout* (1950) starring 
MaxweH Reid and Dinah 
Sheridan. Mystery foritter 
about a bUnd man who 
stumbles upon a murder. 
Directed by Roberts. Baker. . 

320 Take the Wgh Road. Drama 
serial set on the Scottish 
highland estate of Glendarroch 
325 Thames news headlines 
320 Sons end Daughters. 
Episode 442 of foe AustraRan- 
made soap. 

420 Rainbow. A repeat of foe 
programme shown at 12.10 

4.15 The Trap Door. Animated 
series set in a spooky castle 
420 Wotkfwise. David Jensen 
presents another round of the 

S knowledge quiz. 

15 Alias the Jester, 
voices are those of 
Richaro Briers and Brian 
Wilde, (r) 

520 Bellamy's Bugle. David 
Bellamy continues his 
conservation series. 5.15 
- Blockbusters. Bob Hotness 
introduces the genera! 
knowledge quiz for teenagers. 
525 News wifo Aiastaii Stewart. 
6.00 The 6 O’clock Show with 
Michael AspeL 

720 Bruce Forsyth’s Play Your 
Cards Right Game show. 

7 20 New Faces of 88. Talent show 
presented by Marti Caine. The 
non-voting judges are 
Margaret Forwood, Chris 
Tarrant and Steve Blacknen. 

. 820 Lost Empires. A feature length 
episode to launch a new 
seven-part drama based on the 
novel by J.B. Priestly- it tells foe 
story of a young man who joins 
his i&usionist-erTtertainer unde 
on trie boards shortly before 
the Start of the First world 
War. Starring Colin Firth, 
Carmen du Sautoy. and Brian 
Glover, with guest star 
Laurence Ofivisr. (Oracle) 

1020 News with Sandy Gall and 
Carol Barnes. Weather 
followed by LWT News 

11.00 Who Dares Wins. Comedy 
sketch show starring Julia 
Hills, Roiy McGrath, Jimmy 
Mutville, Phil Pope and Tony 

1220 The Helen Reddy Show. The 
talented Australian singer in a 
concert recorded in Las 

1.00 Film: The Reptfle (1966) 
s ta rring Noel Wi liman. A 
hideous creature does more 
than go bump in trie night when 
it roams a remote Corrwsh 
village. With Ray Barrett, 
Jennifer Daniel, and John 
Laurie. Directed by John 

ght Thoughts. 

225 Night 



Good Momfog Britain 
presented by Anne Diamond 
and Mike Morris. News with 
Gordon Honeycombs at 620, 
720, 7.30. 820, 820 and 920; 
financial news at 625; sport at 
6.40 and 7.40; exercises at 
625; cartoon at 725; pop 
music at 725; and Jimmy 
Greaves's television highlights 
at 635. At 9.05 Timmy Mallet 
presents Wacaday. 

Bob Newhart and Mary F rann, as his wife, return in a new series of 
the American comedy, Newhart (Ch4, 9pm) 


Q-3Q GaSery. Art and artists panel 

fUteUy. ?rank WhttfOrti^aru? 6 

a gi Hambling are joined by 
y Parkin and Norman St 
John Stevas. The art students 
are Val Swales and Gordon 
Muir, (r) 

320 Work! of Animation. Greater 
Community Animal, by British 
animator. Derek Phinips. 

320 Pleasure Palaces. Part two of 
the three-programme senes on 
the history of cinema-going 
from the si tents to the Second 
World War. (r) 

420 Countdown. Yesterday's 
winner is challenged by David 
Whiting, a communications 
aide from Ipswich. 

520 Car 54, Where Are You?* 
Vintage American comedy 
series about two hopeless 
New York policemen. When 
reporters see toemteaving a 
theatre whicn is running a dry 
flop they make up a story 
about the play being too racy 
and that it has been 
condemned by foe authorities. 
520 The Chart Show. The latest 
pop music charts from this 
country and overseas. 

620 World Series BasebaH. The 
latest news and highlights of 

the best-of -seven series 
between the Boston Red Sox 
and the New York Mets. 

7.00 Channel 4 News with Peter 
Sissons. Weather. 

720 Book Choice. Biographer and 
critic Michael Hoiroyd reviews 
Giving it Away: Memoirs of an 
Uncivil Servant by the former 
fiterary editor of the Arts 
Council, Charles Osborne. 

820 Wlwt foe Papers Say with the 
editor of The Spectator, 
Charles Moore. 

820 A Week in Politics presented 
by Nick Ross. A report from 
Dublin on foe beleagured Irish 
Prime Minister; and. after 
Westland are minsters hiding 
behind their civil servants? 

920 Newhart The first of a new 
series of foe American 
domestic comedy starring Bob 

920 Gardeners* Calendar 
Roadshow presented by 
Susan Brookes. Hany B 
and Bertie Doe. the Royal 
Horticulture Society's 
on fruit and vegetal 
answer questions from, 
amateur gardeners from the 
Perth area. 

1020 The Golden G iris. Comedy 
series about four middle-aged 
women who share a house in 
Florida. (Oracle) 

10.30 Livinq with Schizophrenia. 

The third and last documentary 
in the series on schizophrenia 
told through the experiences 
of sufferers. (Oracle) 

11.15 Film: Pbrote(1981) A Special 
Discretion Required drama 

about foe plight of Brazil's 
i children i 


i as seen 

x (English: 
Ends at 125. 




BRC1 WALES SJ5CMV&00 Wales To- 
000 1 day. BJS-tJO SpontoOo 1 J5am- 
1.10 News and mather- SCOTLAND 
USpn-7 J» Reporting Scotland. 1IL2S-10J6 
LefLRIgrawid Contra. 1055-1 1.50 Omni- 
bus: The Most BauMul lies. 11 AD-l.«Oam 
FBnt Cinderella Liberty fig75». 1.40-1AS 
Today's Soon 5AS-&00 insoa lAsw. 

.OOMasJBneam . U&era-i.lO News and 

weather England &35pm-7 jo Renewal 


BBC9 WALES; SJQam Masterteam 
HP^rf LSS-&O0 Interval 2.15em Intel 

ZSQPma Cymru 
Snooker and Rac 

Interval 2.iSpm interval 
Conference 3^0-6.00 

&00pm-A30 Lenny henry Tonite. ENGLAND: 
East EastonTWoHKMndK AB-Togattw 
North: Gardeners' Direct Line on me Road 
Norm-east Coast to Coast S*o and 
Maaie and OW and Clone. M e rth- w eat Focus 
on the Future. South; Sonin cm Two: tnquf 
ry SoiAb-weet Nozzers. Weet Emw Bevan. 


1.30 Week «n View ZOCKLOO Hotel 130- 
400 Youu Doctors 600 Granada Reports 
430-7-00 Cuckoo Waltz 11 Ceworanon 

11.30 Film: Httcncock's FamSy Plot 
TVQ As Lonoon escape 1-Mpm News 

- .-X.!? -L30 Mr Parley of westmretar 2JO- 
3JJ0 HeWom WtHLOO Cowwy GP 400 
Coast lo Coast BJfr-7.00 Country Ways 11 .00 
Facmg South 11 JO KojBk 1230am Flic 
Texas Tenor 120 Company, Closedown. 

htvwest ^s^^, 

Fini: Buiiet lor a Bad Man 1100-7.00 News 
il A0 Your Say 11.15 Facmg west HAS Mike 
Hammer tt fo n Qoaodowa 


end Daughters tLOO-TAOWeres at Six 
1 1 Snowtatz l1JO-12 J Oam M9w Hammer. 

Grampian ataaasM. 

Ftore Cuckoo « me Nest 6.00-7.00 North 

Tonfaht 11 JO Crosafira 11 JO Barney MHar 
1 Z»mh News 1130 Sortoy Macnan at 75 
1245 Closedown. 


Gakgntte Bang 6JD-7J0 News 11 J5 Cen- 
tral Weekend 12J0 Fane That’s Summari 
1 AOn JflMnder 2A0 dosedown. 


Film: To Dorothy a Son 6J0 Normarn lAe 
8J0-7 JO Sporting Chance 11 JO Aids - 
Everyone's Prooiem l2J0am Threes 
Company. Closedown. 

CAP Starts 11.10am Celt sChrattt 
S2S1 lias Oporwg 11 AS Cyrtndtodd 1W 

I JOpm PupCW m 1 JO Evarypody Here 
ZOO Countdown 2J0 Fflm: True Confession ■ 
400 Sun SOn 415 Owaed ar y Oegmu 

4A5 Cnwaner Cal SJ0 Ever Tnoughi of Sport 
5J0 Clwrt Show 6J0 World Sodas Base- 
bai 7 JO NewyddkBi Sami 7 JO Cyowaui Conu 
400 Qbs y Oortan 430 Y Byd ar Beomr 
9J0 Snwcer 1410 Amda 11.10 enme ot Vio- 
lence l2JSam Ctaedown. 

AMftl I A 6JO-7JO About AngBa 
wrlULIW 11 JO Powemost Rating 11J5 
Fdm; The Ta» Btona Man wen One Black 
Shoe 1.16em John Pantry m Person, 

TC»W As London except iJtom News 

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. - By Ivo Tennant 

' The latest instalment in the 
Somerset cricketing saga took 
the form of heated debates 
between the group opposed to 
the dismissal of the club's star 
overseas players and the cap- 
tain. Peter Roebuck, who is 
skiing with the committee. 
Yorkshire's internal wrangles 
are rapidly being made to 
appear small beer by 

• ;The occasion was a press 
conference in Taunton yes- 
terday. appropriately enough 
held in the Monmouth Room 
<*f the Castle Hotel. The rebel 
.faction who called it claimed 
that Somerset CCC have de- 
nied them access to the fists of 
the 4.800 members, and that 
members have been offered 
transport to vote at the general 
committee meeting on 
November 8. by individuals 
chi behalf of the dub. 

.The rebels, who comprise 
25 people, are intent on 
removing Roebuck as captain, 
arid reinstating Vivian Rich- 
ards and Joel Garner. 
Somerset's two overseas play- 
ers. They claim that if Rich- 
ards were appointed captain, 
fan Botham would not only 
stay with the dub. but play his 
httart out for his great friend. 

- “We feel the members have 
a/righl and indeed a duly to 
intervene,” Richard Weston, 
aged 42, the leader of the rebel 
faction, said. He became a 
Somerset member when he 
was nine. “We consider that 
poor management is the root 
cause of the club's problems. 
We have to mention the dub's 
secretary and chief executive. 
Tony Brown. Richards and 
Gamer cannot be made scape- 
goats for the poor perfor- 
mances of the team.” 

“The captain, who before 
his appointment admitted to 
being a loner and not a team 
man. has now stated that 
before the dub can be revived, 
both he and the dub need a 
spell in the wilderness. Why- 
should that be?” Weston said. 

“Richards and Gamer have 
not been a disruptive in- 
fluence in the dressing room, 
as has been confirmed by 
nearly all the senior players 
who have played with them in 
recent years. We are told that 
four. five, or more of the 
younger players will not sign 
for next season if Richards 
and Gamer are re-engaged. 
The committee cannot name 
them and the players them- 
selves do not know . 

When the rebel faction, led 
yesterday by Mr Weston. Pe- 
ter White, a committee mem- 
ber for 14 years. Mrs Bridget 
Langdon. and Michael Gould, 
wound up their Press con- 
ference, Roebuck held one of 
his own, under their noses. “It 
is not true that a conspiracy 
was planned I S months ago to 
get rid of Richards and 
Gamer." he said. 

“Obviously I would resign 
as captain if the club's de- 
cision was overturned." he 
said. “1 heard today I would be 
sacked anyway, and it would 
be impossible for me to play 
under a new administration." 

Let England play 
in Europe again 
Beenhakker says 

By Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent 

A powerful and eloquent 
orator has joined the debate 
over whether English dubs, 
the lepers of the European 
community, should be invited 
back. Leo Beenhakker. the 
manager of Real Madrid, 
flrmiy supports the motion 
and he is convinced he speaks 
on behalf of the whole 

He could present the case 
almost on his own as well. 
Apart from the intrusion of 
the soft lilt of his native 
tongue, the Dutchman is 
otherwise perfectly fluent in 
English and Spanish. On 
Wednesday night after his 
side's stunning European Cup 
tie against Juvcntus. he freely 
demonstrated his command 
of all three languages. 

In the middle of responding 
to journalists drawn from 
across the globe by the pros- 
pect of the dazzling fixture, he 
offered some words of comfort 
to England's top dubs. “1 
would like to see them back in 
Europe.” he said. To empha- 
size the strength and urgency 
of his opinion, he added 
“today rather than tomorrow. 

“England is part of Europe 
and wc are. after alL compet- 
ing in the European Cup. I 
appreciate that you have prob- 
lems with your fans, though 
the problem has never affected 

me personally. That is the 
responsibility of your federa- 
tion first of all and of Mrs 
Thatcher. The dubs them- 
selves are hardly to blame. 

“England lies deep in the 
traditions of this competition 
and I like your football. 
Everybody does, here in 
Spain, in Holland, in 
Germany . . His voice 
trailed off but with an expan- 
sive sweep of his hand, he 
suggested that the list of 
admirers stretched far across 
the broad map of Europe. 

Beenhakker should know. 
Although his experience was 
previously limited to his 
homeland. he has travelled 
extensively over the last de- 
cade with the likes of Ajax. 
Feyenoord and also while he 
was the manager of the na- 
tional side. Now he is in 
charge of arguably the biggest 
dub in the world. 

Only the complacent would 
expect UEFA to share his 
view. The governing body is 
unlikely to lift the ban it 
imposed 15 months ago until 
there is unmistakable ev- 
idence that all the domestic 
authorities and the govern- 
ment are combining success- 
fully at home. There are signs 
at least that they are doing so, 
albeit inexcusably belatedly. 

There are signs, too, that the 

damage inflicted by English 
hooligans have perversely had 
a beneftdal effect- Europeans 
are now more prepared for 
potential violence. On 
Wednesday night an extra 200 
policemen, some of them on 
horseback, were drafted in- 

Alcoboi was banned. Each 
package carried into the 
ground was confiscated until 
after the game and stewards 
guarded every entrance and 
alleyway. For more than an 
hour before the kick-off video 
films, displayed on two giant 
screens, were accompanied by 
music of varying styles. There 
is no other arena in the world 
that can match the show that 
is presented within the 
Bemabeu stadium. 

No other tie could have 
surpassed the quality dis- 
played on the pitch either. 
Real's attacking brilliance, 
which vividly recalled mem- 
ories of their glorious past, 
shone for an hour but they 
penetrated the defensive tal- 
ent' of Juventus only once, 
through Butragueno. 

Beenhakker will order his 
gifted individuals to be 
equally “offensive” during the 
second leg in Turin. Real's 
followers would expect noth- 
ing else, although the plan is 
dangerously risky. 

Fluent Russians, page 36 

Wrexham’s display would 
have Liverpool crowing 

Wrexham struck a blow for 
absent friends with their 
astonishing goalless draw 
away to one of Spain's premier 
sides in European competition 
on Wednesday evening. With 
the best of the English teams 
barred indefinitely from 
Europe for reasons beyond 
their control, the Football 
League find themselves repre- 
sented by a fourth division 
dub who* carried the banner 
with a pride and purpose that 
any first division dub would 
have done well to equal. 

No greater compliment 
could be paid them than to say 
that Liverpool would have 
been delighted to have 
achieved the result which the 
little Welsh dub thoroughly 
earned against Real Zaragoza 
in the Aragon capital. The 
performance said more about 
British traits than the strength 

By Clive White 

and depth of British football. 

Dixie McNeil, the Wrex- 
ham manager, was the first to 
admit that his side could not 
possibly match the pace and 
control of the Spaniards. But 
in matters of the hearL the 
supposedly impassionate Brit- 
ish are without equal. “Europe 
must be well pleased there are 
no leading English dubs 
competing. McNeil said. 

“There is no way that a 
fourth division club should be 
able to match a first division 
one of this quality. Bui that's 
what happened.” 

George ShowelL his coach 
who was never short of 
character in Billy Wright’s 
Wolverhampton Wanderers 
team of the fifties, thought 
that the course of the match 
was set by the first 2Q minutes 
of each half. The overall' 
contest could have been 

encapsulated in the personal 
duels between Charles and 
Seiior, who is reputed to be 
Spain's outstanding midfield 
player, even in the opinion of 
John Toshack. the former 
Welsh international who now 
manages Real Sociedad. 

Charles, one of only four 
players in the Wrexham squad 
of 16 was signed for a fee. 
showed the Spaniard no re- 
spect or respite. He hounded 
him all evening until Senor 
gradually lost his composure 
and his hunger for the fight 

Wales's oldest club have 
achieved too many 
•‘miraculous” results in 
Europe over the years for this 
one to have been any more of 
fluke. Ten years ago they 

Atkinson makes denial 

The Manchester United 
manager. Ron Atkinson, has 
denied that he is set to sign the 
Scottish international for- 
ward. Mo Johnston, from 
Celtic. Atkinson was in Scot- 
land on Wednesday night and 
watched Johnston score 
Celtic’s late equaliser in the 
European Cup match againsi 
Dynamo Kiev. 

Manchester City have com- 
pleted their third signing in a 

week by paying £20.000 for 
the West Bromwich midfield 
player. Tony Grealish. Old- 
ham Athletic have signed 
Leeds United’s forward. 
Tommy Wright, for £80,000 
and Newcastle have signed 
the defender, Peter Jackson, 
from Bradford for £250.000. 

• The Tottenham Hotspur 
presjdenL Sidney Wale, died 
at his home in Hadley Wood. 
Hertfordshire yesterday. 

reached the quarter-final 
round of this Cup Winners' 
Cup competition only to lose 
2-1 on aggregate to Ander- 
lechL the eventual winners. 
Two years ago they defeated 
Porto, former European final- 
ists. and only lost to AS Roma 
after two disgraceful derisions 
went against them in the 
Olympic stadium. 

However, to expea victory 
now for the Welsh club would 
be to place upon them an 
unfair burden which at the 
moment sits more appro- 
priately upon the shoulders of 
Real Zaragoza. 

Swedish style: Lindqvist displays her delightful hnphrhawJ 


Lindqvist leads 
splendid Swedes 

By Rex Bellamy 

Lindqvist, the the same level as the men. For 
the past 12 months three 
squads of players have worked 
with a team of coaches, led by 
Birger Folke, who already has 
satisfaction with 17 Swedes in 
the women's world rankings. 

nimble little star turn of 
Swedish women's tennis, ad- 
vanced to the last eight of the 
Pretty Polly tournament by 
beating Ann Henricksson 6-2 
6-1 at Brighton yesterday. 

Miss Henricksson, who 
comes from Minnesota, is 
strongly built and wears shorts 
almost as roomy as those 
prevalent among footballers 
in the days of Matthews. 

Miss Henricksson led 2-0, 
but had no further cause for 
optimism. She had a heavy 
cold and was not in Miss 
Lindqvist's class anyway. It 
was not a match to inspire, 
although that is unlikely to 
happen at the Brighton Centre 
in any case. Spectators tend to 
be so quia that one suspects 
they have to take a vow of 
silence to obtain tickets. 

Since December, Miss 
Lindqvist has not beaten any- 
one ranked above her. Bui she 
reached the last eight of the 
Australian and Wimbledon 
championships and the last 16 
in the French and United 
Slates championships. She has 
a joyously fluent backhand 
and is probably the best player 
ever to emerge from Swedish 
women's tennis. But, aged 23, 
the peaks may be out of her 

For five years Volvo are 
sponsoring a scheme to raise 
Swedish women’s tennis to 

“Coaches and players are 
working closely together and 
the scheme is going quite 
well.” Folke said yesterday. 
“But it takes a long time to 
develop a good national stan- 
dard. The boys have had 
Swedish idols for 30 years, but 
with the girls we have had to 
start without that At present 
I’m here with- Catarina, an- 
other coach is touring Asia 
with four girls, and two 
coaches are working with an- 
other group at a special school 
started two years ago in Bastad 
— the players work on tennis 
for three or four hours a day 
but also go to school” 


Broome Park Canterbury 

Broome Park was once the home of Lord Kitchner. and was built 
in Jo3S/8. The Mansion House is a Grade I listed building and is 
a fine example of Carol can architecture. A oner only payment 
buys you and your family a holiday fiwmr in a luxurious 6 
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children's adventure playground, excellent restaurants and bars 
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Thousands of satisfied families have made Broome Park. 
Britain's premier golfing lime-share and we fully expect to be sold 
out this year. The Iasi remaining weeks arc now available at 
HALF PRICE. For example. April (inc. Easier) Oct List Price 
M.^SO. Clearance Price £2475 plus VAT. New Year List Price 
£3.500. Clearance Price £1.750 plus VAT. Early Sept List Price 
£5.950. Clearance Price £2,975 plus VAT. Lon Season weeks still 
remain from £050 pins VAT. 

Don't forget you can exchange your weeks for holidays at our 
sister developments at Aloha. Marbclla. Pcnina. Algarve and 
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Phone us now on I0227| 831701 and bring your family down this 
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Your own luxurious 2 bedroom villa featuring panoramic views 
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For free colour brochure ring 

- ( 0227 ) 831701 : ^ 

I.-jV-rimti I’: ;*;• •'*. FLU 
fi.7 fi‘ P.i ;•'«•: Cir'-rb-.-.r.' Ken: • . 

.' ! ' CT4 6QX I"' 


Brand wants a new role 

From Mltcbell Platts, Quinta do Lago 

Gordon J Brand launched 
his challenge for the Portu- 
guese Open with a first round 
of 68 on the course here 
yesterday in the hope of easing 
ihc burden of wonying about 
the first prize he might never 

Brand began his year by 
winning the Nigerian Open 
but he has yet to be paid for 
that victory and as every week 
slips past with no further 
information from West Africa 
he confesses to being increas- 
ingly concerned about the 
£16.000 that he is owed. 

By a strange coincidence the 

Portuguese Open, which 
brings the curtain down on the 
year, offers a first prize of 
£16.660 and while that alone 
would not be adequate 
compensation there is little 
doubt that Brand would rest 
more comfortably with a 
European title to his crediL 
In 10 years on the tour he 
has been compelled to play a 
pan among the supporting 
casL It is a role that has 
become all too familiar to 
him. Greg Norman won the 
Open Championship at 
Turn berry in July but only 
three months later the trick 
question in sporting quizzes 

could well be: who finished 
runner up? 

In fact Brand filled that 
position and the £50,000 
which he won at Turn berry 
has helped to propel him 
towards a personal record in 
terms of prize winnings. He 
has already earned more than 
twice his previous best in a 
single season with £104,067 
for fifth place in the Epson 
Order of MeriL 

Brand's effort to earn that 

Card of course 

Davies dazzles 

From John Heanessy, La Manga 
Davies, the British frustrate Miss Davies. After 


women's Open champion, 
stormed into a five-stroke lead 
with a brilliant third round of- 
68. six under par. in the 
Spanish Open here yesterday. 

Strudwick. the overnight 
leader, who had earlier sur- 
passed herself with two 69s. 
seemed to be daunted by the 
dose proximity of Miss Da- 
vies and Dale Reid, another 
proven winner, in the final 
match. She took ten strokes 
more yesterday to share sec- 
ond place on 217 with Miss 
Reid, who look 74. 

With one round of the 
Womens Professional Golf 
Association season to be 
played. Miss Davies is 
strongly on course to retain 
the Ring & Brymer order of 
merit award of £5.000. The 
first prize here. £3.750. would 
carry her above the winnings 
of Neumann, of Sweden, the 
present leader. 

In that case the Swede’s one 
hope would be to finish no 
lower than seventh here to 

three rounds she shares 32nd 
place and is eight strokes 
behind five players sharing 

This was yet another tour de 
force by Miss Davies, al- 
though it had npi seemetf 
likely at the start, for she went 
off with a barrage of strokes to 
all parts of the compass on the 
first three holes. 

Yet somehow she kept to 
par. while a birdie three at the 
long fourth seemed to provide 
the inspiration she needed. 

siateei. 212: l Dawes. 72. 72. 68 717: □ 
Reid. 7271 74.SSmjdnKk.G96979.718: 
P Conley IUS) 71. 74. 73. 220: D Rtvne 

Hole Mtrs 

































































Total metres: 6.488 

Par: 72 

221: A Sheard (SAJ 72 76 73. P Gnce- 
VJrmaii & 7b 73. 222 G Stew an 73. 76. 
72 221 D HertO-e (USl 75. 74. 74. 224- K 
Dcualfli 73 73 78 M Tnomson. 73. 74. 77. 
R ComStOCA IUS) 72 76.75 
LMfima scores and inree round totals 
<n tr.e fiPGfh La Manga CM? Spanish 

212 L 0a«e& 72. 72.63 
217 S ShudwicL 69 69 79. G Re*d 72 71 

216 PCortev(USA) 71 74 73 
220 C Parnon 73 76 71; 0 Dortng 73 75 
72 . C Dfcnati lAiistraM 70 76' 7 a. J 
Ccnnacttan 73 73 74. G Reyna |Spam| 74 
72 74 

elusive first European victory 
began with a flawless perfor- 
mance in which he gathered 
four birdies to move to within 
two strokes of Sandy Lyle and 
Mark McNulty, of Zimbabwe, 
who share the lead. 

Merit the race for survival 
began with only the leading 
125 in the money list auto- 
matically assured of their 
playing privileges for next 
season and of those in the 
danger area. Peter Baker, the 
former Walker Cup player, 
made a sound move in the 
right direction with a 69. 

RESULTS: first round scores (GB 
unless statedk 66: S Lrie. M McNulty 
j2m). 67: M Johnson. J Bland ISA). 68: G 
J Brand U Wtttsnire (5A). J M Canearos 
69: D Whelan, S Cipa. M Persson (Swo). A 
Pinero iSd). i Mosey. A Johnstone jzunj. P 
Baker P Parkin. M Maim (So). B 

Long my* 7th M Apanao (SO. A 
Snwtinrrw. S Torrance. G O'Coctnor Jnr 

Ike). E Rodnguez (Sp). A Ottjcom, J 
lire). MAr 

O'Leary (Ire). M A Ben (US). P Hoad. R 
RaHerty. G Turner. L CarOonetti (Arg), C 
ROCM th). G Oak (0,0 SNMrg (Swo). S 
Luna iSpi. P Alim. D Dunum. N HmSOT. 

Miss lindqvist's next oppo- 
nent will be Claudia Kohde- 
Kilsch. who broke service 
once in each set to beat 
Barbara Potter 6-4. 6-4. This is 
Miss Potter's first tournament 
since an ominous back prob- 
lem last June. Miss Kohde- 
Kilsch had the sounder, more 
flexible ground strokes. Miss 
Potter was prone to foot-fault 
but served and smashed well 
and limed her volleyed drops 
for belter than she timed her 
ground strokes or her rusty 
deep volleys. 

Robin White, like Miss 
Lindqvist is striving to qual- 
ify for the 16-strong singles 
field in the £345,000 Virginia 
Slims championships, to be 
played in New York from 
November 17 to 23. Miss 
White, a Californian tomboy 
with a taste for gambling, won 
yesterday’s first set with a 
gambler’s throw — a drop shot 
service return — and beat 
Grace Kim, of New Jersey, by 
6-3. 7-5. 

RESULTS: Second rand: R WhitetUS) bt 
G Km* (US). 6-3. 7-5; C Lindqvist (Sun) M 
A Hennchsson (US), 6>2. B-1: C Kohdo- 
Kitecti (WG) bt B Potter (US). 6-4. 6-4. 


Latins hold the 
reins of 
world sport 

The Latin control of inter- 
national sport is complete. 
The overwhelming vote last 
week for Barcelona to stage 
the 1992 Olympic is the 
climax of a series of political 
decisions that has made the 
Latin countries of Europe and 
South America an uncannily 
frequent choice to stage major 

Latin officials, invariably . 
working together in reciprocal 
deals, have stepped into the 
vacuum left by the feuding 
between the English-speaking 
nations and the Communist 
Bloc. . 

Juan Antonio Samaranch 
(Spain), Joao Havdange (Bra- 
zil), Mario Vazquez Rana 
(Mexico) and Prime Nebiolo 
(Italy) all are either business 
men or lawyers (or both). 
Unlike their predecessors they 
have a dedicated, professional 
approach, exploiting the 
commercial possibilities of 
their offices. They hold their 
positions because they have 
been successful at expanding 
both their organizations and 
the significance of sport itself. 

Britain, in particular, has 
been a casualty in the shift to 
the domination of the Latin 
countries. During the 1970s, 
Sir Stanley Rous, was Presi- 
dent ofFUa, the Marquess of 
Exeter, was President of the 
International Amateur Ath- 
letic Federation (IAAF)> 
Charles Palmer, the ftrerident 
of the International Judo 
Federation and Secretary of 
the General Assembly of 
International Federations 
(GAIF) and David Gray, Sec- 
retary of the International 
Tennis Federation. All these 
positions have now been lost, 
together with the secretaries or 
presidencies of several other 
international federations. 

Both Rous and Palmer, now 
chairman of the British Olym- 
pic Association, were out- 
manoeuvred by a 
combination of the Soviet 
Bloc, its Third World allies 
and Latin nations. Many 
international federations now 
have a member of the Soviet 
Bloc as a key administrator. 
But the top positions have 
gone to the Latins with their 
greater experience of commer- 
cial possibilities for spon. In 
1974 Havdange defeated 
Rons with promises to the 
Third Worid. He pledged (and 
kept his pledge) to expand the 
World Cup finals from 16 
nations to 24 and. so ensured 
that Third World countries 
would be represented. 

In a number of big Sponsor- 
ship deals, he made certain 
that smaller countries would 
bepefit with money available 
for coaching and ■ develop- 
ment. Unlike Rous, 
Havdange has been a success- 
ful businessman and he knew 
how to get the maximum 
benefit for an extremely sale- 
able commodity to TV and 
sponsorship — international 
football. Havdange was an 
outra^ously enthusiastic sup- 
porter of Barcelona for the 
1992 Games— there was even ' 
a stand for its candidature in 

By John Goodbody 

this year's Worid Cup press 
centre. Samaranch, who was 
bom in Barcelona, could aff- 
ord to remain neutral m the 
lobbying because Havdange 
was doing the job for him. 

Samaranch, a former 
ambassador in- Moscow, had* 
indeed even had to use his 
diplomatic skills to restrain 
Havelange's enthusiasm to ad- 
vocate Latin officials. In 1982 
when it looked as ifthe Anglo- 
Saxons were to lose effective 
representation on the IOC’s 
Executive Board, Samaranch 
bad to step in to ensure an 
American was elected. 
Appearances have lo be 

' Samaranch's trips round Af- 
rica — he has been .nicknamed 
“Mr Africa” - have certainly 
brought a higher profile to the 
Olympic movement and bene- 
fitted sport. But they have also 
ensured he gets greater sup- 
port for his project from those 
countries he has visited. 

But some IOC members 
have dearly been disturbed at 
his dominance of the Latins. 
In 1984, Samaranch wanted 
Nebiolo and Vazquez, clearly 
suitable candidates, to be 
elected to the IOC but both 
were defeated. 

Nebiolo is stifl'vexed at the 
rebound. Under his guidance 
athletics, the premier Olympic 
sport has flourished. The first 
worid athletic championships, 
an event long overdue but 
never promoted by the Mar- 
quis of Exeter, was an im- 
mense success as has been the 
Grand Prix series of permit 
meetings. The expansion of 
athletics has also been partly 
due to Nebiolo’s determina- 
tion to relax the amateur rules. 

But if athletics has bene- 
fited, so has Italy. Of the fust 
six Worid Cups and world 
championships, two will have 
been held in Rome. The finals 
of the first two grand prix 
series were also held in Italy, 
scarcely a country noted for its 
^gadition in athletics. 

Even if Nebiolo is not an 
IOC member, Italy have one 
strong voice on the eligibility 
commission. This is Franco 
Carrara, a former President of 
the Italian Football Federa- 
tion who headed the organiza- 
tion of the 1980 European 
Football Championships. He 
is politically astute and is 
knowledgeable about commu- 
nications since televirion is 
among his business interests. 

; .Biit an even more im- 
portant link with the media is 
provided by Vazquez, who 
last year bought UPL one of 
the major international agen- 
cies and who owns a chain of 
62 Mexican newspapers. He 
was elected President of the 
(61 National Olympic 
Committees in 1979 when the 
Soviet j Bloc switched their 
allegiance from a Swede to 
Vazquez and an Italian stood 
down at the last moment 
From loading refrigerators 
into lorries at the age of IS he 
has now become an enor- 
mously wealthy businessman 
with two executive jets. 

Primo Nebiolo (Italy) 


Languages Italian. English, French, 

Sport s Career: Athletics (long jump) 
Prof fusion: Lawyer 
spans MmuinpoB nBsnent Of 
International Amateur Athletic 
Federation (1981-); president of 
Association of Summer Qtymprc 
International Federation (1983-); 
president of International Federa- 
tion of UntonAy Sport(196t-). 

Mario Vazquez Rana (Mexico) - 
Age: 54 

Languages: Spanish, Engfish 
Sports career: Member of Mexican 
Shooting Team at 1972 Olympics 
Pro fes sion : Businessman and 

spotuAtrenssation: rresuentor 
Association of National Olympic 
Committees (1979-); president of 
the Mexican Olympi c Committe e; 

teetorthe Pan-AnwSSn^OTiS* - 

Joao Havetange (Bred) 
Age 70 



. water poto 

Profe ss ion: Lawyer 


Juan Antonio Samaranch {SpaM 
Age: 66 

tA n m a g ea : Spanish. French. Eng- 
fish, German, some Russian 
Sports c arec ci 


Sports Admini strati o n : A president 
oTrFA (1974-); Member of IOC 
since 1963. 

ambassador to Moscow (1977-80. 
Sport* Admi nis tr at ion: Member of 
IOC since 1966 and president of 
IOC Press c o mm i ss i on; pre si dent of 
IOC (I960). 




Swiss top seed Norman back 

The International Tennis 
Federation haye. turned down 
Sweden's request that the 
Davis. Cup final against 
Australia in Melbourne revert 
to its original date, December 

The date was changed in the 
first place to accommodate the 
Swedish Tennis Association 
because some of their players 
were committed to take part 
in the London Nabisco Mas- 
ters doubles ending on 
December 14, thus allowing 
only two days practice on 
grass. The Australian LTA 
offered December 26-28 as the 
only alternative date when the 
Kooyong Stadium was avail- 
able and when television 
could be secured. 

Banos-Cserepy, of Switzer- 
land, ranked 112th in the 
world, is the top seed lor the 
opening tournament on the 
three-week £20,000 LTA 
women’s indoor tennis circuit 
a Queen's Gub, London from 
November 3 to 7. The British 
challenge is headed by Julie 
Salmon (Sussex) and SaDy 
Reeves (Kent), who are seeded 
fourth and fifth for the 
Queen's Gub week. They are 
joined by six other Britisb 
players in he 32-strong main 

.Gceg Norman, triumphant m 
his last five tournaments, 
-recovered from a disappoint- 
ing .first round to move within 
two shots of the halfway lead 
in the South AustralnLtt Open 
yesterday at Adelaide. Nor- 
man followed his opening 75 
with a" four-under-par 68 to 
share third place behind the 
joint leaders " and ' fellow 
Australians, - David Graham 
and Bob Shearer on 141. 

Lendl’s hip 

J one s again 

Dittmar debut 

Australia's Gins Dittmar the 
24-year-old former worid 
number two is being flown 
from Adelaide next week by 
Yorkshire squash side Visco 
Monroe (Ossett) to make his 
debut for them- in the Ameri- 
can Express National Squash 
League on Tuesday against 

Tennis world champion Ivan 
Lendl said in Tokyo during 
the grand prix there .that he 
had moved into low gear until 
early next year to try and cure 
a 'nagging hip problem. *Tin 
not concerned about winning 
or losing right now. rm trying 
to relax, ana to relax my mind 
... I just want to be ready for 
the Australian Open in 
January." the Czechoslovak 
said after an apparently .un- 
hampered 6-2 6-3 win over 
Australia's Paul McNamee 

Steve Jones heads a strong 
field -for . the - 10 kilometre 
'Kodak Rhyl Classic road race 
on Sunday; It will be his first 
competitive run since the 
European Championship 
marathon in Stuttgart, when 
he dropped back to the rear of 
the field after. leading for 
much of the. way. The opposi- 
tion includes Hugh Jones, 
Paul Davis-Hale. Steve Ken- 
yon and ;the Czechoslovak 
defectors, Petr and - Pavel 

Defending £10 Open 

Croydon's Duke McKenzie 
is to 'defend his European 
flyweight title against 
Giampiero Pinna, of Italy. 

Golf forts will have to pay a 
minimum of - £10 a day to 
watch: "next " year's Open 
championship -at Mutrffejd. 


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