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No 62,1 



over cash for 
teachers’ deal 

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Mr Kenneth Baker, the 
Secretary of Stale for Educ* 
uon and Science, has come up 
with a new package to settle 
the intractable teachers' pay 
dispute, but faces fierce 
opposition from Mr Nigel 
Lawson, ihe Chancellor of the 
Exchequer, because of the 

The divisions sur faced yes- 
terday at a meeting of the 
Cabinet committee chaired by 
the Prime Minister, which is 
trying to deliver lasting class- 
room peace in time for the 
next election. 

Mrs Thatcher is believed to 
be anxious to secure a settle- 
ment but has not made up her 
mind about the money 

In a surprise move, Mr 
Baker effectively tore up the 
so-called Coventry packa ge 
agreed by five of the six 
teacher unions and their local 
authority employers in July 
and put forward one of his 

This breaks with the prin- 
ciple of across-the-board rises 
enshrined in the Coventry 
deal, replacing it with a pay 
scale designed to give the 
biggest rewards to the most 
talented and dedicated staff 

In return, the Secretary of 
State is demanding from the 
teachers tight new contracts 


of sport 

By Nicholas Wood, Political Reporter 

the covering their duties and out- The Government’s agonies 
ictf- of-hours responsibilities, overteacbers' pay, highlighted 
up including a commitment to by die threat of lightning 
tile stand in for absent colleagues, stoppages by the National 
pay He is prepared to offer far Association of 

rce more than the £1.25 billion Schoolmasters/ Union of 

over four years initially tabled 
by Sir Keith. Joseph, his 
predecessor, though not, it is 
thought, as much as the 
Coventry price tag of £19 bil- 
lion over five years. 

Yesterday, Mr Baker was 
able to persuade his Cabinet 
colleagues that his package is 
worth having. But he was not 

Mr Baker: Attempt to bring menl of fo e southern dispute. 

classroom peace. This has effectively tied the 

successful in wringing the hands of Mr Malcolm 
extra money out of Mr Rifkind. the Secretary of State 
Lawson. for Scotland, who believes he 

The committee, which also has no choice but to agree its 
includes Lord Whiidaw, the recommendations. 

Lord Chancellor. Mr Norman Mr Lawson, who is backed 
Tebbit. the Tory chairman, by some ministers from 
and Mr Nicholas Ridley, the spending departments, has 
Secretary of State for the also warned his colleagues of 
Environment, is expected to lhe ““pact of a hefty rise for 

over teachers’ pay, highlighted 
by die threat of lightning 
stoppages by the National 
Association of 

Schoolmasters/ Union of 
Women Teachers starting at 
the beginning of next month, 
are further complicated by the 
Scottish dimension. 

Earlier this month, the in- 
dependent Main Committee 
recommended rises of 1 6.4 per 
cent phased over 1 8 months in 
return for concessions on 
conditions of service. 

The Treasury was 
“horrified”, not so much by 
the overall cost for Scotland, 
but by the knock-on implica- 
tions for teachers’ pay south of 
the Border, where the salary 
bill for more than 400,000 
teachers is already approach- 
ing £5 billion a year. 

Knowing that implementa- 
tion of Main would inevitably 
raise expectations in England 
and Wales, ministers have put 
the report on hold while they 
attempt to thrash out a settle- 
ment of lhe southern dispute. 

This has effectively tied the 
bands of Mr Malcolm 
Rifkind. the Secretary of State 
for Scotland, who believes he 
has no choice but to agree its 

Mr Lawson, who is backed 
by some ministers from 
spending departments, has 

continue meeting this week 
with an eye to reporting back 
to a session of the fill] Cabinet 
OQ Thursday. 

teachers on the levels of 
public-sector pay settlements. 
Tory shire councils, fuming 
Continued on page 2, col 8 

Tories in no hurry 
to replace Archer 

By Robin Oakley, Political Editor 

Following the* resignation .... it is expected that after a 
I . Sunday' of Jeffrey & week or two of quiet with his 
ncher as deputy chairman of 7 family, the miDiooaire nov- 
e Conservative Party, there elisL who attracts audiences 
ill be no rush to find a rivalled only by Mr Tebbit 

following the resignation 
an Sunday* of MrTeffiey 
Archer as deputy chairman of 
the Conservative Party, there 
will be no rush to find a 
successor. Indeed, Mrs 
Thatcher and Mr Norman 
Tebbit, her party chairman, 
will probably decide not to 
replace him at all. 

A clear hint of their thinking 
came when Mr Tebbit an- 
nounced yesterday that Mr 
Peter Morrison, already ap- 
pointed as an extra deputy 
chairman in the autumn re- 
shuffle. would take over Mr 
Archer’s administrative 
responsibilities within Central 

Yesterday's statement also 
said that Mr Archer had asked 
to be relieved of his speaking 
engagements for the time be- 
ing in order to spend time with 
his wife and family. But in feet 
both Mr Tebbit and Mrs 
Thatcher have encouraged Mr 
Archer, after a brief lull, to 
carry on with his packed 
programme of addresses to 
Conservative Associations as 
a private individual. 
Yesterday's statement spoke 
of Mr Morrison taking on the 
best-selling author’s speaking 
engagements only “in the 

Calls poured into Central 
Office yesterday in support of 
the former deputy chairman. 
Officials could not trace a 
single one which had re- 
quested the cancellation of an 
Archer meeting and most 
expressed anxiety that be 
should still attend. Mr Archer 
is scheduled to speak in more 
than 130 constituencies be- 
tween now and next July. 

himself will resume the 
speaking circuit. The Tories 
simply do not have anybody 
else with the same celebrity 
pulling power and as well as 
performing his primary func- 
tion of cheering up the Tory 
troops, Mr Archer has proved 
an important fund-raiser for 
the party. 

Photograph 2 

Frank Johnson 20 

Mr Archer's resignation 

over his admitted “lack of was warm enough to allow 
judgment” in using an inter- him to break away and 

The Pope welcoming Mr John Pretty-on-top, a leader of the American Indians’ traditional 
religion, to the World Day of Prayer for Peace in Assisi yesterday. 

Religions I Britain wins only 

rnTrayer United EEC 

backing on Syria 

From North American In- From Richard Owen, Luxembourg 

dians with their pipes of peace The EEC moved yesterday know where that would lead.” 
and feathered headdresses toward only very limited sup- Sir Geoffrey said he -was 
blowing in the wind to Ti- port for Britain's action to- looking for a strong collective 
betan Buddhists, tree worship- wards Syria after the signal to Syria rather than 
pers from Togo, Muslims, conviction in London on Fri- measures which exactly 
Jews and Hindus, the Pope’s day of a Syrian-backed matched Britain’s, 
guests from the world's lead-, terrorist. • He recalled that EEC in- 

mg religions brought a totally A foreign ministers meet- tenor ministefs bad agreed 
new experience to the history mg. from which the French, ground rules for joint action 
of faith by coming here to- West German and Italian against such states, 
gether to pray for peace. foreign ministers were notably Britain also called for a 
Crowds were small because absent failed to provide freeze on EEC aid to Syria, an 
the hilltop town dedicated to Britain with immediate back- embargo on arms sales — a 
the memory of St Frauds was mg. leading to strong behind- demand partly aimed at 

closed to traffic for the day of foe-scenes differences at the ‘ '' * ■"!" 1 

prayer. Only at. the opening restricted session, despite a Mr Paid Bremer, President 
ceremony, ar the entrance' to British, welcome for European Reagan’s ambassador on anti- 
foe basilica of Santa: Maria expressions of solidarity and terrorism, visited London yes- 
degli Angeti outside the city, moral support- terday to discuss Syrian 

was there space for a sizeable British irritation was terrorism with Foreign Office 
public to participate. matched, according to some experts 

The Pope greeted some 150 officials, by a feeling among — 1 — — — — 
religious leaders as they filed Britain’s EEC partners that France, which is reported to 
into the main entrance of the they had not been sufficiently be negotiating an arms con- 
church which contains the consulted far enough in ad- tract with Damascus — the 
chapel where the Franciscan vance of Britain's decision to temporary withdrawal of EEC 
Order was founded and Fran- break off ties with Damascus, ambassadors and a curb on 
ris died. There was deadlock over official Syrian visits to 

The Dalai Lama in his concrete measures after sev- Europe, but both these latter 
sleeveless saffron robes was eral hours of talks. were opposed by several 

warmly cheered as he and the European foreign ministers slates, including France. 

Pope grasped each other's expressed solidarity with Diplomats said European 
hands. Dr Robert Runcie, the Britain and moral support and reluctance to act against Syria 
Archbishop of Canterbury, voiced “serious concern” was partly due to trade in- 
was another whose reception when presented with a thick terests but mainly due to 

mediaiy to pay off a pros- 
titute, who he insists he had 
never met, will mean that be 
will not see as much of the 
Prime Minister as be did and 
he will have no formal port. 
Bui he was never paid for his 
work as deputy chairman and 
Tory officials clearly hope that 
once the fuss has died down, 
Mr Archer will be able to 
perform much the same func- 
tions as be did before, though 
on a more informal basis. 

• Officers from Scotland 
Yard’s serious crime squad 
yesterday began studying 
newspaper reports of the 
allegations which led at the 
weekend to the resignation of 
Mr Archer. 

A derision to begin a full- 
scale investigation will prob- 
ably depend, according to 
Yarn sources yesterday, on 
whether Mr Archer or anyone 
else comes forward to make a 
complaint . 

acknowledge the applause. 

The delegation from the 
Russian Orthodox Church led 
by Archbishop Philaret, the 
Metropolitan of Kiev, pre- 
sented the Pope with a book. 

Inside the church the Pope 
welcomed his guests with 
these words: “The coming 
together of so many religious 
leaders to pray is in itself 
invitation today to the world 
to become aware that their 
exists another dimension of 
peace and -another way of 
promoting it which is not a 

Continued on page 20, col 1 

toward only very limited sup- 
port for Britain's action to- 
wards Syria after the 
conviction in London on Fri- 
day of a Syrian-backed 
terrorist • 

A foreign ministers meet- 
ing. from which the French, 
West German and Italian 
foreign ministers were notably 
absent failed to provide 
Britain with immediate back- 
ing. leading to strong behind- 
the-scenes differences at the 
restricted session, despite a 
British, welcome for European 
expressions of solidarity and 
moral support- 

British irritation was 
matched, according to some 
officials, by a feeling among 
Britain’s EEC partners that 
they had not been sufficiently 
consulted far enough in ad- 
vance of Britain's decision to 
break off ties with Damascus. 

There was deadlock over 
concrete measures after sev- 
eral hours of talks. 

European foreign ministers 
expressed solidarity with 
Britain and moral support and 
voiced “serious concern” 
when presented with a thick 
and detailed dossier by Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, the Foreign 
Secretary, on Syrian involve- 
ment in terrorism, including 
the case of Nezar Hindawi, 
who sought to blow up an B 
AJ jet in April by planting a 
bomb on his unsuspecting 
Irish girlfriend. 

But none of the EEC states 
undertook to match Britain by 
breaking off diplomatic rela- 
tions with Damascus and 
Greece even opposed the 
naming of Syria as a sponsor 
of terrorism. 

Mr Theodoras Pangalos, 
the Greek EEC minister, told 
reporters: “We don't want to 
lay hands on Syria. We don't 

Sir Geoffrey said he was 
looking for a strong collective 
signal to Syria rather than 
measures which exactly 
matched Britain’s. 

He recalled that EEC in- 
terior ministers bad agreed 
ground rules for joint action 
against such states. 

Britain also called for a 
freeze on EEC aid to Syria, an 
embargo on arms sales — a 
demand partly aimed at 

Mr Paid Bremer, President 
Reagan’s ambassador oh anti- 
terrorism, visited London yes- 
terday to discuss Syrian 
terrorism with Foreign Office 

France, which is reported to 
be negotiating an arms con- 
tract with Damascus — the 
temporary withdrawal of EEC 
ambassadors and a curb on 
official Syrian visits to 
Europe, but both these latter 
were opposed by several 
slates, including France. 

Diplomats said European 
reluctance to act against Syria 
was partly due to trade in- 
terests but mainly due to 
Syria’s political importance in 
the Middle East. 

On the eve of the meeting. 
Syria put additional pressure 
on Europe by summoning the 
ambassadors of the Twelve — 
minus Britain — in Damascus 
seeking to persuade them that 
Britain’s motives were hostile. 

Diplomats said France’s 
reluctance was also partly due 
to sensitivities over Bench 
hostages still being held in 

British officials welcomed 
West Germany's decision to 
postpone a visit to Bonn by 
the Syrian Foreign Minister. 

Syrian threat, page 2 
Leading article, page 17 

Knowsley party loses appeal 

Bamber jury go to hotel 

The jury trying Mr Jeremy men who have been hearing 
Bamber for the White House the case at Chelmsford Crown 
Farm murders were sent to a Court for 18 days will re- 
hotd last night having foiled convene this morning. 

to reach a verdict more than M Bamber aeed 25 a 
five hours after retiring. The tSSJT^SS: hlf dSded 
foreman of foe juiy told Mr miml eri n g his adop tive par- 
Jusuce Drakeihai tig bad ^ his hai^er Mrs Sheila 
been unable to reach either a ^ 2 7, and her twin 

Ian Botham may not tour 
again with England after the 
present series in Australia. He 
is expected to play for Queens- 
land for three winters Page 42 

“Applying foe blowtorch to 
the bcUy” was how Neville 
Wtan, former Premier of New 
South Wales, dealt with politi- 
cal opponents. A Special Re- 
port looks at changes in 
Australia’s oldest state since 
his retirement Pages 30-32 

foreman of foe jury 
Justice Drake that i 


unanimous or a majority 

The five women and seven 

Court report page 3 

The Knowsley North La- 
bour Party was last night 
refused leave to appeal against 
a High Court ruling earlier in 
the day blocking a fresh legal 
move to prevent foe party’s 
national executive imposing a 
moderate candidate for foe 
November 13 by-election. 

The Master of the Rolls (Sir 
John Donaldson) and Lord 
Justice Dillon, sitting in the 
Court of Appeal, agreed that 
there was nothing wrong with 
a decision by Mr Justice 
Hoffmann that there should 
be no early trial of foe 
constituency party’s claim 
that foe national executive 
was guilty of breaking party 

Mr Justice Hoffmann had 

Computer fault 
turns Big Bam* 
into damp squib 

By Michael Clark and Richard Thomson 

A computer breakdown at 
the Slock Exchange yesterday 
turned the long-awaited Big 
Bang into a damp squib. 

Dealers who arrived at their 
offices at the crack of dawn in 
anticipation of one of the 
greatest events ever witnessed 
in foe City, were thrown into 
utter confusion. 

Many of them were unable 
to start trading at 9am after 
part of the Stock Exchange's 
complex dealing system blew 
a fuse. Dealers were left to 
trade as best they could, 
relying on foe telephone for 
more than an hour during foe 

Brokers were forced to re- 
son to foe traditional method 
of trading on the Stock Ex- 
change floor. 

Sir Nicholas Goodison, 
chairman of the Stock Ex- 
change Council, was quick to 
blame foe curiosity of dealers 
wanting to try out the new 
system and so overloading it. 
The Topic screen-based 
information system could not 
handle the massive 200 
instructions per second it was 
being asked to deal with. 

One disgruntled broker, 
when asked how many times 
the computer had failed, com- 
plained: “I don’t know, but it's 
only been up once”. 

Topic's failure forced the 
exchange to suspend the entire 
computer-based dealing net- 
work on which the new mar- 
kets in the City depend. 

Most dealers coped with foe 
problems arising from foe 
breakdown, but remained 
critical of the way foe system 
had been introduced by foe 
Stock Exchange. They felt it 

should have been brought in 

It was a quiet day in both 
foe equity and government 
securities markets, with turn- 
over below average as market- 
men decided on the softly- 
softly approach. 

It was estimated towards 
the dose of business that a 
total of22.300 trades had been 


Big Bang shambles 

‘Curiousity to blame* 

Options trading halted 

Globa) village 23 

reported in leading stocks, 
with foe FT index of top 30 
shares closing (s2 up at 

Sir Nicholas was confident 
that the same problem would 
not arise again, but said he 
could make no guarantees. He 
added: “If you put a monkey, 
or a dodo in a zoo. everyone 
will want to look at it on the 
first day". 

But most marketmen arc 
confident that the system will 
eventually settle down. The 
Stock Exchange's main com- 
puterized dealing system, 
which cost £S0 million to 
develop, stood up to the test 
and at its peak was handling 
22 transactions a second. 

The SEAQ system can han- 
dle a peak of 40 transactions 
per second through the 10.000 
Topic terminals. Sir Nicholas 
went on to describe the Topic 
breakdown as “a small setback 
which bad now been put 

Hiccups ignored 
at Gty haunts 

By Robin Young 

By rights foe City res- 
taurants and wine bars should 
have been empty at lunchtime 
yesterday. Instead they were 
full of people chatting about 
things that had gone wrong. 

In the Long Room, Throg- 
morton Street, where large 
fillet steaks are £6.65: “Well, I 
mean, we had lost a whole 
hour. It was so damned ridicu- 
lous, and we didn't know what 
to do with ourselves. I said 
could we go to foe bar, but of 
course they weren’t even 
open, so in foe end we just 
went for a walk.” 

A walkout in frustration at 
foe collapse of foe Stock 
Exchange's sophisticated new 
systems? “Oh no. My wife and 
1 had been at a party on 
Saturday night, and we forgot 
to put the clock back. So when 
we went to foe pub for Sunday 
lunch we were there an hour 
before they opened. Terribly 

In foe Oak Room, a floor 
below (roast sirloin £4.90, 

Moet & Chandon £16.29): 
“Honestly not a thing went 
right We pulled out at 7.19, 
but everything went so slowly. 
Truly 1 thought they had 
closed down, the whole sys- 
tem. We just sat there, sort of 
shuddering.” Unfavourable 
price movements com- 
pounded by foe failures of new 
technology? No, just the usual 
complaints about train ser- 
vices to London Bridge. 

In The Greenhouse (rack of 
Iamb £7.95. house champagne 
£18.50): “When he made foe 
call the whole thing was all set- 
up and monitored. Even so be 
still had the option. Hie fatal 
mistake was trying to do the 
trade-off by telephone.” Big 
Bang? No, just Mr Jeffrey 

Didn’t anyone, then, have 
any moans to pass on about 
the Big Bang and its disastrous 
debut? "Oh, you journalists 
are all the same. All you ever 
want to talk about is the things 
that go wrong” 

been asked by five members of 
the local party executive to 
order a hearing of its claim 
within three days. He refused, 
saying that even if they won, it 
would not change foe can- 
didate now running for foe 
seat on foe Labour ticket 
The local party had argued 
that the NEC acted in excess 
of its powers by refusing to 
endorse foe local party’s 
choice of the Militant-backed 
Euro MP, Mr Les Huckfield. 

ft was also said that the 
NEC had no power to order 
the Knowsley North party to 
accept Mr George Howarth. 
foe moderate candidate who 
came second to Mr Huckfield 
in nominations, as official 

Upholding the judge's ear- 
lier derision. Sir John said 
deciding whether or not to 
order an early trial had been 
“a damage limitation exercise 
- choosing between two un- 
attractive alternatives.” 

He said the judge had been 
entitled to decide that reopen- 
ing the controversy when the 
by-election campaign was al- 
ready underway, would seri- 
ously damage foe party's 

Mr Justice Hoffmann had 
said that because the NEC had 
the right to endorse anyone it 
thought fit, the local party 
could win its day in court and 
still find its selection blocked. 

By-election report page 2 




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Britain gives £250,000 to WHO Aids project 

HukNns 2-7 
Oitncsg 8-32 
ArehBMta» 18 
Appte 24 
Arts 43 


Sir »S 

pnrdt ' U 
Chart 18 
Kaiy 16 

Events 20 
Features 14-16 
law Report 12 
Leaders 17 
Letters *7 
Obkiaxy 18 

Pkriwwenl 4 
Science 18 
Sport 37-40A2 
Tb eatrewte 12 
TV A Radio 41 
Weather. 20 

By Pearce Wright 
Science Editor 

The British Government fa 
making £250.000 immediately 
available for a special pro- 
gramme by the World Health 
Organization to combat foe 
spread of Aids in developing 
countries. Contributions are 
pledged from other Western 

nations. . , _ 

Sixteen Third World coun- 
tries have been identified by 
doctors as in most need of 
help, but there has been no 
formal request from their 
governments to establish pro- 
grammes to . contain foe 
spread of foe disease. 

As reported yesterday in 
The Times in the first of a 
three-part series from Africa, a 
million people will die from 
Aids in those territories in foe 
next few years. 

In addition to support for 
the WHO programme, foe 
Overseas Development 
Administration in the United 
Kingdom is offering what 
limited expertise is available, 
mainly by drawing on lessons 
in other public health projects, 
to assist individual countries 
endeavouring to establish a 
national programme to con- 
trol foe spread of Aids. 

Scientists at the Centre for 
Applied Microbiology, Ponon 

Down, in Wiltshire, are testing 
a new method of analysing 
blood serum for the diagnosis 
of Aids. • 

Behind foe research lies 
concern about foe appearance 
of a second strain of the Aids 

Spectrum 14 

virus. HIV-2, that slips un- 
detected though the two 
procedures now being used for 

In addition to showing foe 
presence of antibodies which 
were the. left-tale signs foal a 
person had been exposed to 
any variant of foe virus. Dr 

Derek Layton, of Ponon 
International said the object 
was to measure the 
“ L infectivity”-of con tami nated 
blood products. 

The new technique depends 
on foe use of gene probes 
which show the presence of 
molecules that would be com- 
mon to any strain of Aids 

In experiments at Ponon, 
more than 80 samples that 
came from known sufferers of 
foe full Aids condition from 
Africa were found to slip 
through the diagnostic tests 
for HIV-1. 

In addition, the team at 
Porton Down is developing a 

treatment for Aids with an 
agent called H1VA. which they 
believe is 10 times more 
powerful than foe AZT drug 
recently, introduced by 
Wellcome for trials in Europe 
and in foe United States. The 
new substance was discovered 
two years ago in California. 

In test-tube experiments foe 
compound stopped foe virus 
infecting foe vital white blood 
cells, called T4 lymphocytes, 
by blocking foe enzyme re- 
verse transcriptase, which the 
Aids virus uses to' lake over 
the host cell's DNA. 

Without cells in which to 
replicate, the virus is 

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Police detain 1 8 
under terror Act 

flDestfoaiLt?SSlL ?525* officos were yesterday 
faeW (JjjJ* D oiS?£!rf Northe™ Irebnd, wfco were 

a safes of SwT^ d< H tfae Preveo *» of Terrorism Act in 
Writes). ra *** S 0¥er ^ P 35 * *ww days (Stewart TentUer 

***** 3® **d 33, woe stopped by 
j^^l6b^ f ^ i ' he ^ terday WHO* rfisctosed chat a 


EdiRhiirJf^riL *** final of a competition _ 

NoaSSnbS^i* 1 * 31 W ° flW *“ Ve *™ s^P 0 * 1 ^ 5 &«™ 

Scot ^ Tests ***** D0 * **“ passed on to 

with attempts by Protestant extre mist s to nse 
pT*?*™ *s a condmt for aims supplies. Several of the 
terrorist groups in Northern Ireland have strong 
“““ with sapporters based in Glasgow. 

3 % deal Postal 
accepted defence 

Shop-floor workers at 
me Leyland vehicles opera- 
“W m Lancashire have 
Accepted the management’s 
5*^ pay and conditions 

The 4,000 employees af- 
fected voted by a large 
nalority yesterday to agree 
to a 3 per cent annual pay 
rise and conditions that 
JBdnded 1,800 lay-offs by 

The abont-torn came af- 
ter the managing director, 
Mr George Simpson, urged 
staff to reconsider the deal 
to ensnre the company’s 

The Post Office yes- 
terday rejected criticism 
that customers have not 
benefited from die past two 
years of record profitabil- 
ity. It said in a statement 
there had been “a period of 
price stability unparalleled 
in recent times,” cospied 
with increasing efficiency 
in letters delivery. 

“If postal prices had 
gone up in line with the 
Retail Price Index during 
the two years, customers 
would have paid £100 mil- 
lion more than they have 
for their post.” The Post 
Office was handling more 

mail than ever. 

Ex-vicar dies in jail 

The Rev Jan Borg Knoss, who was due to stand trial on 
28 charges of indecency next month, was found dead in Ids 
cell in Hull jail on Sunday night (Tan Smith writes). It is 
understood he died of natural causes. 

Kir Knoss, aged 53, resigned as vicar of St Michael's, 
Orchard Park Estate, Hull, seven months ago and was 
later accused of the offences, alleged to involve children he 
met during his church work. Mr Knoss twice refused 
church leaders' pleas to resign from his parish to protect 
the good name of the church. The Archbishop of York, Dr 
John Habgood, personally intervened in the case, 
describing the cleric as a warm, demonstrative man whose 
actions could be easily misunderstood. 


Stephen Morley, de- 
scribed in No ttingham 
Crown Court by a consul- 
tant psychiatrist as a 
“pathological gambler”, 
was sentenced to 15 
mouths, two-thirds to be 
suspended, for theft and 
deception charges 

Morley, aged 23, of Col- 
lege Road, Dalwkk, south- 
east London, had denied 
getting £10,600 from Mr 
Malcolm Brunt, claiming 
he would put the cash in 
investment bonds. Instead 
he paid off an overdraft and 
pat a deposit on a car. 

Memorial to PC 

A granite memorial to PC Keith Blakelock will be 
unveiled by Mr Neil Kinnock, the Labour Party leader, in 
the centre of Mnswell Hill, north London — the constable's 
home beat — on November 21. PC Blakdock died during 
the riot in Tottenham last year. 

Bat at the request of the officer's widow, Mrs Elizabeth 
Blakelock, Mr Bernie Grant, the left-wing leader of 
Haringey council, has not been invited. After the riots, Mr 
Grant was reported to have said that the police got a 
“bloody good hiding”. 

Mr Michael Winner, the film director who is chairman 
of the Police Memorial Trust, said “Mrs Blakelock felt it 
would be embarrassing.'' 

BBC was told Panorama case was crumbling 

Libel pay-out ‘warning’ unheeded 

By Jonathan Miller 
Media Correspondent 

The BBC received legal 
advice four months ago that it 
was likely to lose the Pan- 
orama libel case brought by 
two Conservative MPs, but 
the BBC Board of Governors 
was not informed that its 
defence had started to fall 
apart, according to authori- 
tative sources. 

It was just two weeks ago, as 
the trial got underway in the 
High Court, that Mr Aiasdair 
Milne. Director General, ap- 
proached the acting chairman 
of the governors. Lord 
Barnett, and told him that a 
settlement was unavoidable. 

Lord Barnett was said by 
the sources to be shaken by the 
news. He took the matter 
before the Board of Gov- 
ernors, who had no other 
choice but to authorize Mr 
Milne to conclude an out-of- 
court agreement that cost the 
BBC £500,000. 

A year ago, after the BBC 
settled for £1 million a libel 
case brought by a Harley 
Street doctor, the BBC’s gov- 
ernors demanded a monthly 
report on litigation involving 
the corporation. 

The sources said that at a 
series of meetings with BBC 
lawyers in June, oue of those 
lawyers put the odds of victory 

in the Panorama case at no 
more than 40 per cent. 

But the monthly litigation 
reports did not prepare the 
governors for the news that 
their defence in the Panorama 
case was anything other than 
“rock solid” 

Mr Milne yesterday main- 
lained his silence about the 
circumstances surrounding 
the BBCs abrupt decision to 
surrender its libel defence. 

Others in the BBC were 
giving two versions of the 
reasons why Mr Milne 
dropped his stalwart defence 
of the Panorama team. 

One held that Mr Mflne 
became convinced that he had 

been misled by his subordi- 
nates. and began to doubt that 
the evidence which it was 
claimed substantiated toe pro- 
gramme would be available 
when the time came lor the 
court case. 

The other held that the BBC 
would have been able to go 
ahead with its defence had it 
not been for the refusal of 13 
witnesses to tell in court the 
stories they were said to have 
given to Panorama 

Allegations in a number of 
newspapers recently that the 
witnesses reneged on their 
original statements after being 
approached by Conservative 

Pam officials were yesterday 
described as preposterous by 
Mr Neil Hamilton, Conser- 
vative MP for Tatton in 

Mr Hamilton, who accepted 
damages, costs and an un- 
reserved apology from the 
BBC for the claim - by Pan- 
orama that he was a right- 
wing extremist who had 
secretly infiltrated toeConser- 
vative Party, called on the 
Attorney General to investi- 
j^te fully toe allegations. 

He said it was preposterous 
to believe that the Conser- 
vative Party could persuade 
13 witnesses to peijure them- 

Ridley in 
hot seat 
over rates 

By Philip Webster 
Chief Political 

Mr Nicholas Ridley, the 
Secretary of State for the 
Environment, feces a grilling 
from Conservative MPs this 
week over his plans for the 
allocation of the Rate Support 

He has agreed to go before a 
meeting of toe backbench 
Environment Committee on 
Thursday night to defend his 
proposals. Conservative MPs 
are threatening a big revolt 
and some ministers believe 
Mr Ridley may be forced to 
change his strategy. 

The minister is trying to 
head off any rebellion by 
seeing members whose areas 
are adversely affected by his 
proposed seliiemenubut MPs 
appear to be in no mood to 

They plan to tell him that he 
will have to redraw his pro- 
posals to avoid a revolt even 
bigger than that last year when 
more than 50 Tories withheld 
their support from the 

Protests are continuing to 
pour into the Conservative 
whips' office from MPs, with 
seats in southern shire coun- 
ties, who claim toeir constit- 
uents will be up to 6 per cent 
worse off than those in other 
parts of the country. 

Mr John Heddle, chairman 
of the Environment Commit- 
tee and chairman of the 
party's National Local Gov- 
ernment Committee, fixed 
Thursday's meeting immedi- 
ately after a stormy session of 
the backbench 1922 commit- 
tee last week when, one after 
another. Tory MPs rose to 
attack Mr Ridley's package. 

Mr Heddle has since written 
to all Conservative MPs ask- 
ing them to attend the meet- 
ing, so that Mr Ridley can hear 
the opinions of as wide a 
cross-section of the party as 

Mr David MadeL MP for 
South West Bedfordshire, yes- 
terday sent to Mr John 
Wakeham, the Chief Whip, 
and Mr Ridley a letter he 
received from toe Conser- 
vative group leader on 
Bedfordshire county council, 
protesting sharply about toe 
planned allocation of grants. 

New Bill will 
fight pollution 
on the Broads 

Strong new powers to pre- 
vent pollution on toe Norfolk 
Broads, and to restrict enc- 
roachment by landowners, are 
to be provided in a Bill to be 
introduced in Parliament next 
month ( Philip Webster 
writes). . .. 

The Bill is similar to one 
promoted last year by Norfolk 
County Council which foiled 
to make parliamentary pro- 
gress for procedural reasons. 
The Government undertook 
then to act itself and Mr 
William Waldegrave, toe Min- 
ister for Environment, 
Countryside and Planning, 
has won Cabinet approval for 
an immediate Bill. 

• More than £500.000 is be- 
ing spent to buy the 366-acre 
reclaimed Halveigate Marshes 
near Great Yarmouth and 
return them to a wild area to 
attract hundreds of thousands 
of birds. 

The Royal Society for toe 
Protection of Birds intends to 
restore the conditions which 
drew redshanks, oyster catch- 
ers and snipe to the now- 
drained area. 

Charities urge action 
to halt hypothermia 

By Jill Sherman 

Voluntary organizations 
have called on toe Govern- 
ment to take immediate steps 
to prevent another surge in 
cold-related deaths among the 
elderly and very young this 

In a letter to three Sec- 
retaries of State — for Energy, 
toe Environment, and Health 
and Social Services — seven 
organizations, headed by 
Neighbourhood Energy Ac- 
tion. gave warning that cash 
payments alone were not 

“we must also ensure that 
toe homes of elderly people 
and other vulnerable groups, 
such as poor families, are well- 
insulated and effectively 
heaied”. the letter said. 

Blockages still affecting toe 
replacement of single pay- 
ments for draught proofing 
should be removed, and fur- 
ther resources made available 
for improvement grants for 
more extensive home insula- 
tion and heating systems, the 
group, which includes Help 
toe Aged, Age Concern and 

Child Poverty Action Group, 

The organizations claim 
that after announcements 
about toe replacement of sin- 
gle payments by the cash- 
limited Social Fund, yet to be 
introduced, local benefit of- 
fices have held back on open- 
ended payments. 

The organizations called on 
British Gas, the Electricity 
Council and toe Department 
of Eneigy to respond sym- 
pathetically to those faced 
with fuel debts. 

The letter calls on toe 
Government to contribute to 
a publicity campaign to ensure 
that those at risk from toe cold 
claimed benefits due. 

• Reductions in housing 
benefit announced by Mr 
Norman Fowler. Secretary of 
State for Social Services, last 
week will mean actual cuts in 
benefit for one million house- 
holds. SHAC. toe London 
Housing Aid Centre, claimed 
yesterday. Most of the losers 
would be pensioners and fam- 
ilies on low incomes. 



’ .tali' 

Mr Jeffrey Archer in reflective mood yesterday in the garden of his home at Grantchester, near Cambridge, a day after his 

resignation as deputy chairman of the Conservative Party 

Knowsley North by-election 

Howarth ‘ran from Militant’ 

By Richard Evans, Political Correspondent 

The moderate candidate 
hand-picked by the Labour 
Parly's national leaders to 
fight the Knowsley North by- 
election was yesterday 
branded a “quitter” who had 
previously run away from toe 
locally-entrenched Militant 

Miss Rosemary Cooper, toe 
Alliance contestant, predicted 
that if Mr George Howarth 
held the Merseyside seat for 
Labour he would be a care- 
taker MP. quickly ousted by 
Militant once toe election was 

She said that Mr Howarth, 
deputy leader of Knowsley 
council until 1983, when he 
left for Wales, had fled local 
politics because of pressure 
from Militant locally. After 
starting out as anti-Militant he 
had been “ground down” by 
toe Trotskyist sect “He quit,” 
she claimed 

“Mr Howarth was chosen 
by Neil Kinnock as his accept- 
able moderate, the one he 
wanted to impose on toe 
constituency. If a quitter, 
someone who ran away when 
under pressure from Militant 
to go to Cardiff and then 
represented a Knowsley ward 
from Cardiff is the land of 
man Mr Kinnock thinks is toe 
best he can offer, he is going to 
be in for a shock.” 

She said that Militant had 
agreed privately to back Mr 
Howarth so as to prevent toe 
local constituency party from 
being disbanded, planning to 
“hijack” him later. 

Mr Howarth did not have 
toe “guts, tenacity or back- 
bone” to stand up to Militant. 

With the Alliance clearly 
determined to make political 
capital out of Labour ex- 
tremism, Miss Cooper said 
that toe only way Mr Kinnock 
could lackle Militant's role in 

toe area was to disband the 
North-West Labour Party, 
which covers 74 constit- 
uencies, for 10 years, and 
transfer the party head- 
quarters to toe area so “he can 
watch every move”. 

Miss Cooper added: “Peo- 
ple out on foe street are very 
worried about the Labour 
Party -in the North-West, 
which ’they see as Militant- 
dominated. Militant are ac- 
tually pulling the strings.” 

If Mr Howarth won foe by- 
election he would have to 
work with the very people who 
had made life a misery for Mr 
Robert Kilroy-Silk, toe former 
Labour MP who resigned after 
claiming to be hounded by 
Militant, she said. 

The Liberals highlighted a 
leaflet circulated in toe 
constituency this week by 

Militant which publicizes a 
public meeting it is organizing 
on Thursday. The leaflet 
claims that the Labour NEC 
decision to impose Mr How- 
arth as a candidate en- 
dangered the Labour vote. 

Mr Howarth later strenu- 
ously denied he had run away 
from Militant Tendency when 
ho took up a job with a TUC- 
sponsored Co-op Centre in 
Cardiff. He stayed; on the 
council after moving to Car- 
diff in 1984 at the request of 
bis ward party and had ceased 
to be deputy leader long before 
he found the new job. 

“I have never run from the 
Militants. I have been op- 
posed to them since 1 was in 
the Young Socialists in the 

General plrcOon : ft. KBray-SUk (Lab) 
2«.?49: A Wrcli <3 7.758: B 
~ All) 5.716: J Simons 

Mcbotglan (SOP / 1 
tWRP) 2 * 6 . Mai 

Kinnock finishes party 
purge in Liverpool 

By Onr Chief Political Correspondent 

Mr Neil Kinnock last night 
completed his purge against 
toe Militant leaders of Liver- 
pool when the national exec- 
utive committee voted to 
expel toe secretary of the 
Liverpool District Labour 

The decision to remove Ms 
Felicity Dowling from the 
party came by an 1 1 -to-seven 
vote at toe end of a seven-hour 
session of the NEC in London. 

She is the ninth and last 
member of the district party to 
be expelled in an operation 
which has dominated toe 
party’s affairs for a year. 

The other eight, led by Mr 
Derek Hatton and Mr Tony 

Mulheam. had toeir expul- 
sions confirmed by the party 
conference in Blackpool last 
month when they declined the 
opportunity to appeal. 

The NEC has meanwhile 
agreed new moves to bring the 
Liverpool Labour group into 
fine after toe refusal of most of 
its members to recognize toe 
expulsion of Mr Hatton, its 
deputy leader. 

It is to arrange a new 
meeting of Liverpool Labour 
councillors to reconstitute the 
group. Invitations wifi be 
extended only to members 
who have declared they are 
prepared to abide by party 

Cabinet assesses Syrian threat 

By Michael Evans 
Whitehall Correspondent 

A day-by-day assessment of 
the risks facing potential Brit- 
ish targets after the conviction 
on terrorist charges of Nezar 
Hindawi and the breaking of 
diplomatic relations with 
Syria is being carried out by 
the Cabinet Office's Joint 
Intelligence Committee. 

Hindawi's imprisonment 
brings to 74 the number of 
Category “A" prisoners con- 
victed of terrorism, including 
the IRA. who are serving their 
sentences in British prisons. 

Intelligence sources admit- 
ted yestenlay that although 
Britain had been on a high 
state of alert because of toe 
terrorist threat for at least two 
years, the jailing of Hindawi 
for 45 years had increased toe 

The Joint Intelligence 
Committee, which reports di- 
rectly to toe Prime Minister, is 
studying the raw intelligence 
material from all sources and 
providing up-to-date inter- 
pretation and analysis. 

It was evidence supplied by 
MIS, the security service, and 

GCHQ, the Government's 
communications centre at 
Cheltenham, that persuaded 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher and 
Sir Geoffrey Howe, toe For- 
eign Secretary, to take strong 
action against the Syrian Gov- 

Although the official back- 
ing given to Hindawi is not in 
doubt, it is now seen as 
possible that toe operation 
was solely toe responsibility of 
Brigadier General Moham- 
med aJ-Khouli. chief of the 
Syrian Air Force intelligence 

to print 

By TimJones 

Members of Fleet Street 
print unions were warned yes- 
terday that they would be in 
breach of individual contracts 
of employment if they decided 
to halt national newspaper 
prodnetioo in support of col- 
leagues affected by die dispute 
with News IntebrttSonaL ; .. 

The proposal to shut down 
t-toe newspapers not affected by 
the nine-month -dispute has 
been adopted as official poBcy 
fry the left-dominated clerical 
branch of Segat ’82. 

But last night, Mr John Le 
Page, director of the News- 
paper Publishers Association, 
said: “It is hard to believe that 
the branch conld even consider 
this action.” 

If any section of Sogat, the 
biggest union involved in the 
dispute, took action without a 
ballot, then It ceaM lace 
damaging action demands for 
financial compensation -thr- 
ough the courts. 

The dispute started when 
5J>00 print union members 
formerly employed, by the 
company went on strike and 
were dismissed. Meanwhile 
Mr Tony Dubbins, gene 
secretary of the National 
Graphical Association, the 
other main print anion in- 
volved in the dispnte, last 
nsht demanded an nwat 
meeting- of the TUC to con- 
sider claims that Mr Ton 

Rice, national secret ary of th e 
electricians' EEPTU, 

visited newspaper plants in the 
United States with a consul- 
tant to Mr Rupert Murdoch, 
chairman of News . Inter- 
national, mouths before the 
dispate began, 

Mr Dobbins said: “It is now 
four days since the serious 
charges came to light. Iu spit e 
of a call from us to tbe EETPU 
to issue an immediate- denial, 
not a word has been said. 

Mr Dobbins said be would 
demand that- the TUOs fi- 
nance and general purposes 
committee should “get to toe 


A TUC spokesman said that 
the request would be 

The claim that Mr Rice 
toured American newspaper 
plants is contained in a book. 
The End of the Street, by Linda 
Mel vent. 

• The Dmfy Telegraph has 
started talks about taking over 
new building to move its 
editorial, marketing and 
administrative staff to the fate 
of Dogs, m London's di in- 
la nds. . . . . y 

over poll 
for RIBA 

By Charles Knevitt 
Architecture Correspondent 

The Electoral Reform Soci- 
ety may be called in to oversee 
voting procedures for the 
presidency of the Royal In- 
stitute of British Architects, 
after allegations of irregular- 
ities over lobbying and the 
issuing of ballot papers to 
those not entitled to vote. 

A ballot is being held among 
toe 26,000 members of the 
institute. They have a choice 
between Mr Raymond An- 
drews, who was selected by the 
RJRA Council, and Mr Rod 
Hackney, toe community 
architect and adviser to the 
Prince of Wales. 

Mr Arthur Haflam, a retired 
architect living in the Isle of 
Man who has Been a member 
of RIBA for more than -40 
years, said yesterday that be 
was concerned because he had 
received a letter from Mr 
Andrews before receiving toe 
ballot papers which indude a 
manifesto from each 

Mr Haflam said he thought 
the conduct of the poU should, 
be investigated and supported 
a call for toe Electoral Reform 
Society to be brought in. 

. Another architect, in Leices- 
ter, has received voting papers 
even though he wrote to the 
institute resigning his 
membership earlier this year. 

Mr Patrick. Harrison, the 
RIBA Secretary, raid a core of 
members were used as scru- 
tineers to ensure a fair elec- 
tion, and that occasionally 
o u tsiders such as toe society 
were also used. “That is 
ultimately the decision for me, 
and I have no objection at 
ail”, he said. 

He said that it was “not 
beyond the bounds of 
possibility” that some voting 
papers had mistakenly been 
mailed to those not entitled - to 
vote. He numbered such cases 
as “in tens, at most”. He 
promised to look into the 
matter. : 

Mr Hackney yesterday sup- 
ported the involvement of the 
society “in the interests of foir 
play”. Mr Andrews was not 
available for comment 

Split over 
cash deal 

Contia wd from page 1 

over toeir share of next year’s 
rate stippotrgrant settlement, 
are also putting pressure, on 
ministers to'head off a class- 
roonr pay explosion. 

The increasingly turbulent 
nature of focal politics, seen in 
the activities of hard-left La- 
bour councils openly defying 
Whitehall, is a further brad- 
ache for Mr Baker. 

His colleagues, like him 
determined to avoid a' “some- 
thing for nothing” deal are 
asking how be can guarantee 
that all toe local education 
authorities - the teachers’ 
employers - will ensure that 
the unions deliver their side of 
the bargain and ■ end 
disruption. - 
If Mr Baker can win Cabinet 
backing for his new package, it 
will probably be tabled at a 
two-day meeting of the local 
authorities and the teacher 
unions in Nottingham on die 
second weekend of 
November. - 

A possible avenue for . 
announcing new money for 
teachers' pay is the 
Chancellor’s autumn state- 
ment, though the Bakerpian is 
not understood to be pan of 
the Public Expenditure Survey 
Committee, now being final- 
ized by a star chamber - of 
senior ministers. 

The first phase of- the 
teachers' pay dispute in Eng- 
land and Wales began in 
February 1985 arid ran for 15 
months before being halted by 
an interim peace formula 
which led’ to toe outline 
Coventry agree m e n t in July. 
That was repudiated by the 
NAS/UWT and has stiff to be 

Rover rash 
has to wait 

No allocation of extra 
money for the troubled Rover 
Group has been made in the 
[get for the Department of 
de and Industry, which has 
now been approved bythe star 
chamber, Whitehall sources 
said yesterday 
Further staae help would not 
be considereduntfl the end of 
toe. year... 




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I cox at yesterday's Women 
!oretta King, widow of Dr 
t on video. Other speakers 

Social workers ‘could 
not have prevented 
killing of Tyra Henry 

* *foW s death at the hands 
®i, r J^ruial, murderous and 
V10 ‘ eni father would not 
necessarily have been pn> 

by more attention 
from social workers, an in- 
quiry into the death was told 

Miss Elizabeth Lawson, 
Coun ? e i f° r the seven-member 
j? n . e ! bearing the case, said 
that the abuse of Tyra Henry 
was not typical of such cases 
and showed none of the signs 
normally picked up by child 
care workers. 

Tyra was aged 21 months 
when she was bitten and 
bf 1 ^ ip death by Andrew 
wfoi ®* ther ' in September 
1984. He is now serving a life 
sentence for murder. 

Miss Lawson told the in- 
quiry at Lambeth Town Hall, 
south London: “It seems im- 
portant to emphasize that no 
failure by social services or 
any other agency would have 
made the slightest diBference if 
Andrew Neil had not been a 
man of savage, violent 

Miss Lawson said that there 
was nothing to suggest the 

attack on Tyra was a build-up 
of involuntary pressure, as 
was commonly found in child 
abuse cases. 

“There is no pattern of 
unexplained injuries to the 
child stretching -back over 
many weeks or months. There 
is nothing to suggest that this 
was some sort ofcry for help,” 
she said. 

Miss Lawson said that if 
social workers had continual 
with their regular visits to the 
family, they would still not 
necessarily have been able to 
prevent her horrific fatal 

They might have found out 
that Neil had returned, al- 
though he had previously 
parted from Miss Claudette 
Henry, Tyre’s mother. 

Miss Lawson asked the 
inquiry, which is chaired by 
Mr Stephen Sedley QC, to 
consider whether Tyra's case 
would have beat treated any 
differently if she had not been 
black. One of the questions 
panel members should ask 
themselves what whether the 
council’s policy on black chil- 
dren in care had had any effect. 

The social services depart- 
ment at Lambeth worked 
from a good practice guide for 
dealing with Made families 
Earlier, Miss Lawson out- 
lined die history surrounding 
Tyra’s case, her lather's crim- 
inal record, his stormy 
relationship with Miss Henry 
and, most significantly, the 
fate of Tyrone, Tyra's elder 

He was beaten so badly that 
he was blinded and sun 
brain damage and broken 
limbs. Neil was convicted of 
cruelty but the conviction was 
later quashed. 

Tyrone was put into care, 
but when Tyra was bom she 
was allowed to remain with 
her mother even though social 
workers suspected she was still 
seeing NeiL 
Miss Henry and Mrs Be- 
atrice Henry, her mother, 
have refused lo give evidence, j 
The National Association of I 
Local Government Officers, 
which objected to the selection 
of two of the panel members, 
has also refused to co-operate, | 
The hearing was adjourned | 
until today. 

Dead child 
‘had 127 
bruises 9 

A young mother offered to 
take the blame for bruises to 
her daughter if her mmmn n 
law husband allowed her to 
call an ambulance, a murder 
trial jury was tokl yesterday. 

Miss Julie Morris, aged 22, 
returned home and found the 
body of her daughter Amy, 
aged three, lying naked on the 
hearth mg in the living room. 

Amy, who had 127 separate 
bruises on her body, had 
drowned in a bath while 
Michael Hincfle was looking 
after her, Nottin gham Crown 
Court was told. 

Miss Morris said she re- 
turned to her home in Alexan- 
dra Street. Warsop, 
Nottinghamshire. last January 
to find the doors locked. 

Mr John Milmo. QC, forthe 
prosecution, said that Mr 
Hindle, aged 21, who denies 
murdering Amy. let her in but 
did not want her to call an 

Sobbing, Miss Morris told 
the jury: “He kept saying ‘No, 
no, no. She's going to be all 
right’ . ; 

“He said, ‘help me Julie. 
Help me to bring her bade 1 . 

She said they then men- 
tioned bruising ' to Amy’s 
body. “I said Tm not both- 
ered about the bruising, just 
let me go and get an 

Miss Morris then told the 
jury that she promised to say 
she had caused the bruising if 
Mr Hindle allowed her to get 
the ambulance. 

Mr Milmo said Amy had 
died from drowning, but a 
pathologist had found 127 
separate bruises on her body. 

Some were recent but some 
could have been caused up to 
three weeks earlier. 

Mr Milmo said Mr Hindle 
had moved in with Miss 
Morris and Amy last summer. 
At first he got on well with the 
child, but later smacked her 
and chastised her for what 
Miss Morris considered were 
only little things she had done 

Miss Morris told the court 
she had once seen Mr Hindle 
hit .Amy with his fist in the 
sLomach, and also that he had 
grabbed her by the jaws with 
both bands which left 

Mr Hindle. a mineworicer, 
has also pleaded not guilty to 
child cruelty against Amy and 
to assault causing actual 
bodily harm. 

The trial continues today. 

‘Bambi unlikely to 
have killed family 9 

Woman bound 
over again 

Mrs Jenny Mogford. a Bris- 
tol divorcee who fell in love 
with her solicitor and continu- 
ously pestered him, pleaded 
guiltj' yesterday to gaining a 
£7.50 taxi ride by deception to 
his house the day after being 
bound over to keep the peace. 

She was bound over again 
by magistrates at Long Ash- 
ton. near Bristol, to keep the 
peace for six months and 
given a two-year probation 
order for the deception charge 
on condition she got medical 

The judgff in 

murder trial told the Jury 
yesterday that it was unlikely 
that the slightly built Mrs 
Sheila CaffeD, the former 
London model known as 
“Bambi”, killed her father. 

Mr Justice Drake said in his 
summing up that whoever 
killed NevQj Bomber, aged 61, 
clearly fought him first and 
used the butt of the murder 
rifle to inflict serious injuries 
upon him. 

But his adopted daughter, 
who was originally suspected 
by police of murder and 
suicide, was small and fairly 
slight while her father was a 
6ft 4in farmer. 

The judge said: “These 
things are not conclusive but 
points to h being very very 
unlikely indeed that she 
fought and overcame that 
tough fanner, who managed to 
go on fighting apparently even 
with a number of wounds.” 

The jury spent five hours 
considering its verdict before 
being sent to a hotel for the 
night on the eighteenth day of 
the trial at Chelmsford Crown 

Mr Justice Drake said that if 
Jeremy Bamber, aged 25, was 
the killer be had ample time 
after the killings to get home, 
dean himself and make him- 
self presentable before alerting 
the police. 

According to the defence 
version of events, Mr Nevifl 
Bamber would have had to 
endure his wounds, engage in 
a fight and be killed, after 
which Mrs Caffdl would have 

By Michael Horsnell 
the Bamber had to have killed the other 
members of her family before 
detaching the silencer from 
the murder weapon, hide it in 
her father’s gun cupboard, 
return upstairs, wash herself 
and kill herself all in 22 

The judge added that Mrs 
CaffeD, aged 27, was “quite 
clearly a disturbed woman 
who did from time to time 
suffer relapses”. 

Nevertheless, Dr Hugh Fer- 
guson, her consultant psychia- 
trist, had told the court he 
found no reason to believe she 
was or ever would be violent. 

The psychiatrist had also 
said that he did not think she 
could have killed her twin 
sons, Nicholas and Daniel, 
aged six. 

The judge told the jury that 
Mrs CaffeD bore no marks 
from a fight with her father 
and that her fingernails and 
hands were undamaged from 
the shoo tin gs- 
He reminded the jury of the 
blood found inside the silenc- 
er which had penetrated to at 
least the fifth baffle and said 
that it was of the same group 
as hers, and of none of the 
other deceased. 

Mr Justice Drake said that 
Miss Julie Mugford, aged 22, 
Mr Bam her’ s former 
girlfriend, denied that she 
gave evidence as a woman 

He said that if there were no 
other evidence the jury would 
have to treat hers with caution 
but, he said, they did have 
other evidence 

The Princess of Wales with the ] 
of the Year Luncheon 

MartinLiither King, was 

were Miss Willcox and Miss Kate Adie, a BBC special correspondent. 

Cell death 
man ‘hit 
by police 
in past 9 

The mother of a teenager 
«bo died in police custody 
told an inquest yesterday that 
her son had been beaten up by 
police more than a year be- 

Raymond Moran, aged 19. 
died on January 23 this y 
after a struggle with officers 
outside Southport police sta- 
tion. His death started riots in 
the Merseyside seaside town, 
Mrs Bridget Moran told the 
hearing at Whiston, Mer-sey- 
side, that her son needed 
hospital treatment between 12 
and 15 months before his 
death “for injuries which he 
attributed to being beaten up 
by police officers”. 

Mr Gordon Glasgow, North 
Merseyside coroner, told the 
inquest that on the night of his 
death Mr Moran and three 
other men were asked to leave 
a Southport nightclub after 
complaints about interference 
with women's handbags. 

He said they were arrested 
outside a chip shop near by 
and taken to Southport police 
station. “When Raymond was 
being taken out of the van, a 
struggle ensued and he 

The coroner said an am- 
bulance was called but Mr 
Moran was dead on arrival at 
Southport Infirmary. 

Dr John Benstead, a Home 
Office pathologist, said Mr 
Moran died as a result of 
inhaling vomit. “His body 
showed no signs of any beat- 
ing. The injuries were not 
consistent with him being 
severely beaten or kicked im- 
mediately prior to bis death.” 

Mr Peter Jackson, who was 
also arrested and put into the 
same police van, said that as 
he was being led into South- 
port police station he heard 
someone, he thought it was 
Mr Moran, screaming. “The 
policemen were hitting this 
person with their fists and 
feet,” he said. 

The inquest is expected to 
last two weeks. 

is jailed 

A student was jailed for five 
years at the Central Criminal 
Court yesterday few hurting 
rocks at police during last 
year’s riots at Tottenham in 
north London. 

The head of Haringey 
council’s police research unit, 
Mr Nicholas Wright, and a 
local black community leader, 
Mr Arthur Lawrence, had 
given evidence in his defence 
and had criticized police tac- 
tics on the Broadwater Farm 
Estate, scene of the rioting. 

Clifton Donaldson, aged 23, 
an accounts student, of 
Stapleford, on the estate, who 
was photographed by police as 
he was masked, carrying a 
stick and about to throw a 
rock, was convicted of affray. 

He claimed that he was 
acting in self-defence. 

Judge Neil Denison, QC 
told Donaldson that the ev- 
idence against him was 
overwhelming. “I suspect you 
have contested this case under 
pressure from others who are 
not concerned with your best 
interests. Because of that 1 can 
make some reduction in your 
sentence", he said. 

Fifty-eight other defendants 
have still to be tried on 
charges connected with the 
riots on October 6 last year in 
which a policeman was killed. 

A dose of 

By a Staff Reporter 

Millions of poimds could be 
saved in die National Health 
Service if labels on pill and 
medicine bottles were written 
in simple English, the Plain 
English Campaign chiHMd 

The organization said that 
np to £300 millioa of tire 
£1,181 million spent each year 
on prescription medicines may 
be wasted because patients do 
not take their medicines cor- 
rectly, if at afl. 

Some of these patients re- 
turned to their doctors, their 
prescriptions having appar- 
ently failed, and were given 
stronger drags. 

Recent research had shown 
that p lain English wordinj 
could make one in every 21 
prescriptions more effective 
“More important, such 
wordings coold even redace 
unpleasant side effects and 
even deaths which have occ- 
urred through patients mis- 
understanding instructions,” 
the group claimed. 

It is now calling on the Mr 
Antony Newton, Minister of 
State for Health, to review the 
statutory wordings on medical 
labels and to introduce a pilot 
test of plain English dosage 
and cautionary wordings. 

Council to 
ret hink on 

By Craig Seton 

A Labour council is to 
reconsider an education direc- 
tive which Conservatives 
claimed was a “Marxist” hem 
on bright pupils being pre- 
pared for places in grammar 

Birmingham's education 
committee was condemned 
for warning the heads of the 
city’s 300 primary schools that 
they faced disciplinary action 
if they gave extra help to 
children with grammar sdiool 

Yesterday, Mr Les Byron, 
the chairman of the education 
committee, who admitted that 
he had foiled the 11-plus, 
ordered that the ban be re- 
examined after protests. But 
be said the committee's policy 
had been misonderstood ana 
denied that he was prejudiced 
against gifted children. 

He said the council's policy 
to prevent extra coaching for 
children seeking places at the 
city’s eight grammar schools 
was supported by the Conser- 
vatives and remained 

The directive did not pre- 
vent teachers giving help or 
advice to parents about 
whether their children had a 
chance of getting to grammar 

He said: “As long as the 
Conservatives are in Govern- 
ment, there will be grammar 
schools and we will ensure 
that our relationship with 
them is properly conducted. 
Our concern is to see that all 
children get a full education. 

Conservative MPs in Bir- 
mingham asked Mr Kenneth 
Baker, the Secretary of Slate 
for Education and Science, to 
intervene while Mr David 
Hail, general secretary of the 
National Association of Head 
Teachers, said his members 
would oppose such an 

Maxwell promise on games 

Mr Robert Maxwell, chair- 
man of the Commonwealth 
Games Company, said yes- 
terday that he would settle 
outstanding debts to talling 
nearly £4 million as soon as 
donations promised to the 
Games Appeal Fund have 
been received. 

Speaking at a directors' 
meeting in east London, he 
said the settlement of the 
company’s remaining liabil- 
ities was subject only to the 
owners of tire Fund Raising 
Consortium, Saatchi and 
Saatchi and Arthur Young 
Chartered Accountants, giv- 
ing the appeal about £300,000. 

Mr Maxwell admitted in 
September that he needed 

£4 million to settle outstand- 
ing debts. He said the games 
had cost more than £17 mil- 
lion. In October he threatened 
to put the company into 
voluntary liquidation if the 
Government did not provide 
money to wipe out the 
£3.5 million deficit 

But yesterday he said that 
the company was awaiting a 
£1.5 million donation prom- 
ised jointly by the Edinburgh 
District Council, Edinburgh 
University, the Lothian Re- 
gional Council, Trust House 
Forte, GKN, Clyde Canvas, 
Group Four, and GA Group. 

Together with £2 million 
pledged by Mr Maxwell and 
the Japanese benefactor, Mr 

Ryoichi Sasakawa. the com- 
pany would then be able to 
pay lOOp in the pound to all 
the creditors. 

Mr Maxwell said: “In spite 
of our disappointment that 
the Government has declined 
to make any financial 
contribution to the the 
Commonwealth Games Ap- 
peal, it is a matter of great 
satisfaction and credit to aU 

concerned that we now 

expect to meet our obligation 
in full”. 

He announced, however, 
that the games offices was 
being closed to save costs. 
Meanwhile, the Games Ap- 
peal Fund remains open. 

Stop the 
office sex 
pest, union 

By Tim Jonas 

The Government was urged 
yesterday to act against the 
bottom pinching, pawing, 
leering, and lewd and lasciv- 
ious remarks to which women 
at work are subjected. 

Britain's third largest union 
has also urged its negotiators 
to seek clauses in agreements 
with employers which rec- 
ognize that sexual harassment 
"threatens women's jobs, 
promotion and training op- 
portunities. health and" well- 

The General, Municipal. 
Boilermakers and Allied 
Trades Union describes such 
harassment as “any unwanted 
sexual advance, such as un- 
necessary touching or petting, 
suggestive remarks oi other 
verbal abuse, leering at a 
woman's body, suggestive in- 
vitations. demands for sexual 
favours, or physical assault”. 

In its report on women 
workers in the food and drinks 
industry, the union says every 
effort should be made to 
discipline or transfer the 
harassers. not the harassed 

According to the report. 16 
years after the Equal Pay Act, 
average wages for women 
workers in the industry are 
still less than two-thirds of 

Mr John Edmonds, general 
secretary, said there was a 
similar pattern of discrimina- 
tion against women in other 
industries. The Government 
should “stop employers mak- 
ing a complete mockery’ of 
equal pay legislation”. 

The report discovered oc- 
cupational segregation in the 
food and drink industry, fewer 
chances for women to earn 
overtime or bonus payments, 
and fewer employment rights 
for women because many were 
part-time workers. 

It also said that new tech- 
nology' caused job losses with 
further discrimination against 

One section of the report 
said that food additives were a 
particular risk for women, 
with a least ten of the most 
common being suspected of 
causing reproductive hazards. 

Man accused 
of killing boy 

Gary Owen Whelan, aged 
19. a shoe worker of 
Wood bridge Street, Gerk- 
enwelL central Loudon, was 
remanded in custody yes- 
terday until November 3 by 
Gerkenwell magistrates char- 
ged with the murder of Tony 
McGrane. aged 13. 

The boy's mutilated body 
was found last week in a lock- 
up garage on the Triangle 
Estate. Gerkenwell There was 
no application for baiL 

Coal jobs go 

British Coal is to close the 
coke plant at Nantgarw. near 
Cardiff, with the loss of 190 
jobs, it was announced yes- 
terday, a fortnight after the 
announcement that the Nant- 
pit near by was to dose 
with the loss of 550 jobs. 

Some people chase beer with 
whisky. Others prefer to do it the 
other way around. But how could you 
use a Cutty Sark to chase a man on 

only in a cutty sark (a short shirt, to 
the Scots of that century) . 

For sport, she would destroy 
crops, shoot cattle and lure ships 

all the way to a nearby bridge. Safety 
lay od the other side, as witches can't 
cross running water. 

But they can run last enough to 

Damp start for the buses on deregulation day 

By Rodney Cowton 

Transport Correspondent 

Many people had a dismal 
start to their day yesterday as 
they joined 10 million in the 
morning rush-hour who were 
trying their deregulated local 
bus services forthe first time 
It was not just that it was 
raining, there was also the 
difficulty of recognizing buses 
in new colour schemes, or with 
changed numbers and using 
bus stops on which the num- 
bers had not been changed. 

There was also the problem 
of inadequate supplies of time- 
tables - on Merseyside it was 
reported that even some driv- 
ers did not have them. There 
were reports from Yorkshire 
and the West Country of 

people allowing their bus to go 
by because they did not rec- 
ognize it. 

It was the first fnll-scale test 
of the reorganized bus in- 
dustry in which competition is 
being introduced under the 
provisions of the Transport 
Act 1985. 

The most frequent comment 
appeared to be that it was a 
“damp squib” - that the over- 
all impact on passengers was 
slight. But that was not true in 
aft areas. 

In Liverpool buses were 
operating up to an hour late. 
When passengers got aboard, 
in some cases they found there 
had been a 50 per cent fore 
increase. Only half the new 
timetables had been printed 

Mr Gwyn Thomas, manag- 
ing director of Merseybns, 
admitted the new system had 
been rushed through too 

“We had a target date which 
we had to achieve and obvi- 
ously we have had to make 
last-minute adjustments. I 
think this is the main reason 
we have not had timetables 
completed and made available. 
Up until last week we sdO did 
not know all the routes we 
would be operating. 

“My main regret is the fore 
rise. We have not wanted to 
raise fores but we were forced 
to because before fores were 
subsidized, but we have lost 
that now.” 

In West Yorkshire a consid- 
erable amount of confusion 

was reported. Some buses 
foiled to arrive and timetables 
were not available in many 

Three companies offered 
services on the Leeds to 
Morley route, but it seemed 
too modi for the number of 
passengers, with some bases 
empty even at the rush hour. 
In Bradford and Bkley ser- 
vices were affected by a strike 
at the Otley depot of the West 
Yorkshire Road Car 

One success was in Lincoln, 
where the introduction of a 
fleet of green and white taxis 
appeared to be welcomed by 
passengers. The taxis tour 
along bus rentes picking up a 
maximum of six passengers. 


Robert Bums did it First, he 
wrote about a farmer called Tam 
o'Shanter and his grey mare Meg. 
Then he had them ride past a church 
one miserable night while the 
premises were suspiciously bright 
and noisy. 

To thicken the plot, Bums 
introduced a witch. He describes her 
as being young, beautiful and clad 

onto the rocks. 

But die night that Tam 
o'Shanter encountered her, she 
was dancing to the tune of 
Satan's bagpipes in AUcway 
church. Tam thought she made 
a lovely sight Cutty Sark 
thought Tam would make a 
lovely corpse. So the chase 
was on. If he hadn’t been 
astride his horse, he’d have 

keep up with a galloping horse. 
An instant before Meg reached 
the bridge. Cutty Sark managed 
to pull off her tail. 

As for the whisky, it can 
still he a chaser. But all it can 
capture is your admiration. 










I . 



1 ti£ ilMiia iuc3l>ai oCiUpcK jlo i 

Pit dismissals • Channel tunnel • Limb factory • Region aid 

Labour plea 

for miners 
dismissed in 
the strike 


Labour MPs made renewed «i|s 
«»nng Commons question time 
*° r . ®n end to wnat they de- 
scnbed as the victimization of 
dismissed miners in ibe wake of 
the strike. 

Since the end of the miners' 
strike the total number of men 
on colliery books bad fallen by 
46,733 to 125.631. Mr David 
ram. Under-Secretary of State 
forEneTgy, said in reply to Mr 
WDi™ Hamilton (Central Fife, 
Lab) who said the figures were 

Mr Hamilton added; The num- 
ber of men who have been 
victimized by British Coal, al- 
though guilty of no offence 
before the courts, is a measure of 
victimization which is indefen- 
sible by any standards. 

Will the minister make 
representations, particularly to 
toe Scottish management, to 
cease this kind of victimization 
in the interests of unproved 
industrial relations? 

Mr Hunt: The question of 
dismissed miners is a matter for 
the management of British Coal, 
which is now taking urgent 
measures to ensure coal is more 

He talks about reductions in 
■ numbers of jobs, but would he 
please recall that between 1964 
and 1970 under Labour govern- 
- (cents manpower in Scotland 
went down from 54,600 to 
30,200, a significant reduction 
-of 24,400. 

‘■Mr Geof&ey Lofthoose (Ponte- 
• tract and Castlefbrd, Lab) asked 
what loss of manpower the coal 
board was budgeting for in 
1987-68 and, if that target was 
not reached by voluntary redun- 
dancies. would they have to be 

Mr Hnnc He is right to highlight 
the fact that there have been no 
compulsory redundancies and 
that remains the policy of 
British CoaL 

Mr John Heddle (Mid Stafford- 
shire, Q praised the miners in 
his own constituency, who, he 
said, had continued to work 
throughout the strike in spite of 
the most vicious victimization. 
Mr Hint; The workforce should 
know there is one party that has 
not forgotten the tremendous 
debt owed by this country 10 
those working miners who kept 
the industry in being through 
that unnecessary and tragic 

Mr Demos Canavan (Falkirk 
West. Labk There are still 
outstanding cases of miners 
unfairly dismissed during the 
strike who took their cases to 
industrial tribunals and won, yet 
they have not been given their 
jobs back because of the in- 
transigence of the coal board. 

Will the minister therefore tell 
the chairman of British Coal 
that it is about time these men 
were reinstated in the interests 
of natural justice 
Mr Hunt: There were over LOCK) 
miners dismissed as a direct 
result of the strike and over halfi 
527. have since been taken back 
by the board. 

The chairman of British Coal 
recently announced his inten- 
tion to have a final internal 
review 10 look stall outstan 
cases of alleged unfair dismi 
and that is a matter for British 
Cbal to determine. 

Mr Richard Doagjbu (Dunferm- 
line West. Lab); In the interests 
of good industrial relations it is 
absolutely essential that the new 
director in Scotland takes an 
active part in removing the 
stigma of the victimized miners 
to get beck to stability and good 

Mr Hoot: 1 think there is some 
humbug in the Labour Party 
failing to recognize there were 
many significant job losses in 
the coal industry before we 
came into office and, under this 
Government, the industry is 
regaining its rightful compet- 
itive placet n the enemy market 
Mr Stanley Oroe, chief Opposi- 
tion spokesman on energy: 
There is still great concern about 
reinstatement of sacked misers 
in the coal fields. He said there is 
going to be an internal review. 

Will it also consider cases of 
miners who have won their 
cases ai the industrial tribunal 
because, if not, natural justice 
will not be carried out? 

Mr Hunt: The chairman of 
British Coal is not going to put 
himself in the place of an 
industrial tribunal in seeking to 
review the decisions already 
made. He is willing to have a 
final internal review to look at 
all outstanding cases of 

I wish Mr Orme would join us 
in making it dear that no one 
convicted of serious violence, 
harassment or intimidation or 
breaches of mines and quarries 
legislation will be taken back. 
That is British Coal's position 
and it has every right to Mr 
Orme's support from time to 

The Foreign Secretary, Sir Geoffrey Howe, greeting EEC foreign ministers at the opening of talks in Luxembourg yesterday 

dominated by Britain’s call for punitive action against Syria. 

Pit production up by more 
than half, says Walker 

During the past four weeks there 
had been record productivity by 
the miners, Mr Peter Walker, 
Secretary of State for Energy, 
announced dnp 1 ^ Commons 

He pointed out later that 
between 1974 and 1978; under 
the Labour Government, pro- 
duction bud fallen every year. 

He said that for the week 
ended October IL average out- 
put a man-shift was L48 tonnes, 
a huge 55 per cent improvement 
over the average of 2224 tonnes 
achieved fn 1973-79. 

That continued growth in 
productivity demonstrated the 
determination of aH concerned fn 
the industry to succeed in the 
face of severe competition, he 

He was replying to Mr James 
Coachman (Gffliagham, Q, who 
said the remarkable figures 
justified completely the enthu- 
siasm of the National Coal 
Board to pay by results rather 
than submit to an annua] round 
of blackmail by the National 
Union of Mhteworfcers. Those 
who worked through the strike 
had produced some of the very 
best results. 

Mr Walken Yes. The men who 
obtained these very fine figures 
obtain the financial benefit Ah' 
doing so. 

Mr Alien McKay (Barnsley 
West and Penistone, Lab) said 
that productivity had risen for 
many reasons, iodsding invest- 
ment under the last Government. 

Would Mr Walker look at the 

investment that took place in 
coPieri es th at had su bseque ntly 
d osed, with a view to writing off 
that capital cost. It was now 
b ecomin g a burden on foe 
collieries that remained open. 
Mr Walker said one had to 
review the financial background 
of the balance sheet of the coal 
board as time went on. He 
promised that It would be 

Mr Kevin Barron (Rather Val- 
ley, Lab) said some of Mr 
Walker's colleagues had tried to 
stop the development of the 

Mr Walker, who praised the 

South Warwickshire coalfield. 
Mr Walker said that he wanted 
to impro v e foe pe rform ance of 
existing pits. That most be a 
very high priority and it had 
been under this Gover nm ent. 

Mr Michael Morris (Northamp- 
ton Sooth, Q said morale among 
ordinary miners must be at 
hi g h point What the ordinary 
Briber warned was peace in foe 
pits and good firm managership 
from British CoaL 
Mr Walker said he regrett e d 
that the rationalization of the 
whole industry had resalted in 
dosares and vetmtfary redun- 
dancies. The new enterprf 
company had already pcorid 
almost 11,000 new jobs in the 
coal mining communities. 

Mr Peter Hardy (We nt w orth , 
Lab) asked Mr Walker to 
support die greater ose of coal in 

Britain- The Government should 
be more insistent on achieving 
greater exports markets in 

Mr Walker said foe price most 
be competitive. 

Mr Alexander Eadie, an Op- 
position spokesman on energy, 
said It was proper to pay doe 
notice to foe increase in output 
achieved by the tuners of the 
country. But the Government 
wanted to see foe industry 
Mr Walker said there was no 
meatier contraction of the coal 
irfsertry than took place under 
the Labour Government Be- 
tweea 1974 and 1978, produc- 
tion had fallen every year. " 

DHSS unable to get answer 
from artificial limb factory 

The Department of Health and 
Soda! Security is still trying to 
get an answer from 3 E Hanger, 
the strike-affected firm of arti- 
ficial-limb makers at 
Roebampxon. on what arrange- 
ments it is making to maintain 
the supply of limbs. 

The company has also refused 
to reply to the ministry's request 
for an indication of its long-term 

However, in urgent cases 
where appointments have had 
to be postponed, arrangements 
have been made with the com- 
pany to supply limbs to individ- 
ual patients from sources other 
than its Roehampton factory, to 
which the dispute has been 

Mr John Major, Minister for 
Social Security, made that dear 
when be answered an Opposi- 
tion question about the dispute 
in the Commons. 

Mr Jan Gow (Eastbourne, Q 
reminded Mr Major that Lady 
Trurapington. Under-Secretary 
of Stale for Health and Social 
Security, had told the House of 
Lords earlier this month about 
the firm's refusal to indicate its 
future plans. 

Mr Major said that Mr Gow bad 
correctly reported Lady 
Trumpington's words. The min- 
ister had said in his original 
reply that the dispute had been 
continuing since September 15, 
but was confined to the 
company's Roehampton 

Difficulties had been caused 
for a small number of amputees. 
By the end of last week. 58 
appointments had been post- 


poned because limbs bad not 
been supplied in time. 

In those cases arrange m e n ts 
were being made for limbs to be 
supplied urgently and for fresh 
appointments to be made as 
soon as possible. 

In making arrangements for 
work to be done elsewhere, the 
department was paying particu- 
lar attention to the cases of 
primary patients, who had had 
recent amputations. 

He was receiving a daily 
report on the situation. The 
Government was not a party to 
the dispute between work force 
and management, which was a 
matter for negotiation between 

Mr Frank Dobson, an Opposi- 
tion spokesman on health and 
social security; In view of the 
unsatisfactory nature of the 
statement, why has the Govern- 
ment not taken more vigorous 
action to protect the interests of 
NHS patients? When did he 
start asking for daily reports? 

Will he stop saying that the 
dispute is not affecting patients 
when the centre produces 100 
new or adjusted limbs every day be in the in 
and the dispute has been going if goffered 
on since September? 

The ministry and the minister 
had acknowledged that more 
than 50 patients had been 
affected. Lady Trurapington. 
Under-Secretary of State, had 
said in the Lords that the 
Government did not envisage 
any amputee being left im- 
mobile as a result of the dispute. 

He had a constituent, Mr Rob 

Dixon, who had only one leg of 
his own, and was suffering from 
bleeding and extreme dis- 
comfort. He had had to betaken 
to hospital, where he remained. 
One reason for that was the 
industrial dispute. 

The workforce had been dis- 
missed. The new owners of the 
company, unlike the okf ones, 
were interested only in profits. 
They had responded to the 
Government's encouragement 
of macho. Murdoch-style 
management in dismissing staff. 

The company had dismissed 
300 and offered 10 take back 
only 80. offering a miserly 
£2.000 to the rest, some of 
whom had worked for the 
company for 40 years. The offer 
had been rejected by the 
workforce by 238 votes to two. 

"The ministry is not doing 
what it should in a proper effort 
to resolve the dispute and their 
activities have been charac- 
terized by Pontius Pilate. They 
should do their job properly and 
protect the interests of pwple 
who are suffering by not getting 
the limbs they are entitled to." 
Mr Major: If there is a top. he 
has gone over it yet again. The 
offer is a matter for the staff 
(Labour protests). It would not 
be in the interests of conciliation 
a view on it. 

Of 14.300 appointments each 
month, only 58 have been 
postponed. We are seeking to 
arrange alternative manufacture 

He offered to have the case of 
Mr Dobson's constituent exam- 
ined without further delay. 

“We wish to see the dispute 
ended, but in our view, it will 
not be ended by injudicious 
interference by ministers". 

Scots and Welsh 
losing aid cash 


Scotland and Wales were bang 
relegated to the second division 
because of cuts in regional-aid 
spending and because money 
was being diverted elsewhere, 
Mr Donald Stewart, leader of 
the Scottish National Party, said 
when opening a debate initiated 
by the SNP and Plaid Cymru. 

He moved a motion 
condemning the Government 
for its total lack of concern for 
Scotland and Wales, as dem- 
onstrated by its failure to pro- 
vide effective regional economic 
policies, and calling for a fun- 
damental rethink of govern- 
ment policy towards economic 
regeneration in order to provide 
more permanent jobs. 

Mr Stewart said UK regional 
economic policy had foiled m its 
purpose to equalize em- 
ployment chances among the 
regions and spread industrial 

Although regional policy over 
the years had been inadequate in 
many respects, it had provided a 
valuable boost to many parts of 
the UK. 

For example, it had been 
estimated that between 1960 
and 1981 regional policy was 
responsible for creating 600,000 
manufacturing jobs in assisted 

Regional policy was under 
attack and the most recent 
round of substantial changes 
had been made in 1984 when 
Scotland bore 30 per cent of the 
cut in regional aid spending. 
That spending had fallen in 
Scotland from £369 million in 

1982-83 to £199 million in 1985- 

86 . 

There was a crying need for 
more regional policy, not less. 

Mr Ian Under-Sec- 

retary of State at the Scottish 
Office, said they were seeing the 
distasteful spectacle of the two 
separatists parties, who wanted 
to break up the United King- 
dom. whingeing that they were 
not gening enough out of the 
UK's policies. 

He was moving an am- 
endment recognizing the efforts 
and achievements of the Gov- 
ernment in stimulating the 
economies of Scotland and 
Wales. It also welcomed the 
submission to the European 
Commission of the United 
Kingdom Regional De- 
velopment Programme for 
1986-1990 as foe basis for 
m a x i m i s ing assistance to the 

Mr Stewart: Complained 
about neglect of Scots. 





Takeovers attracted a great deal 
of attention, but no one had 
been able to identify a specific 
instance where statutory rules 
would have produced a better 
outcome. Lord Lucas of 
Chfiworfo, Under-Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry, 
said during the third reading of 
the Financial Services Biff in the 
House of Lords. 

It remained true that there 
was no point in mending some- 
thing which was not broken. 
The Take-Over Panel came 
came firmly into that category 
and the Government expected 
that this would be the position 
for some time to come. 

An Opposition amendment to 
give foe Government reserve 
powers to regulate the conduct 
of takeover bids was rejected by 
125 votes to 69 - Government 
majority, 56. 

Lora Williams of Ehd, who 
moved the amendment, said it 
did not seek to make it man- 
datory for the Secretary of State 
to appoint a panel to supervise 
the conduct of takeovers. It was 
permissive and not binding. 

The takeover code and the 
Bill could not run side by side 
and the statute itself cut across 
the panel authority and the take- 
over code. 

“Let us suppose that the BiB is 
enacted and all tins happens 
next year. A company makes a 
bid. There is some doubt about 
the nnm instances of foe offer 
and the conduct of the takeover. 

The Security and Investments 
Board is bound to have a role; at 
the same time the panel has a 
role. Who do we think will play 
the predominant role, the SIB or 
the Take-Over Panel, a vol- 
untary organization with a vd- 
untarycode without the force of 
law? The mere presence of the 
board on the scene wffl diminish 

the authority of the panel ” 
Lord Ezra (L) said the Take- 
Over Panel had worked success- 
fully for a number of years and 
this was an issue which could 
with advantage be deferred. The 
SIB would have quite enough to 
do to carry out the tasks iikdy to 
be entrusted to. it under the 
proposed legitiation. 

They should see how the two 
worked together. If Lord 
Williams’s co mme nts turned 
out to be correct in practice 
there was always a future date 
when this could be corrected. At 
this stage they should not put cm 
the SIB these additional duties. 
Lord Lucas of Cbfiworfo said 
there was nothing inherently 
contradictory in having rules 
such as were contained fn foe 
takeover code standing along- 
side the law of the land. That 
situation trad obtained for the 
past 18 years and had worked 
very well. 

There wore those who would 
argue that fines and even 
imprisonment would con- 
centrate the mind more than 
rulings from a Don-statutory 
body, but experi en ce did not 
bear that out 

Contrary to what Lord Wil- 
liams suggested, panel rulings 
were complied with. In take- 
overs where each side was trying 
to influence the minds of 
shareholders over a short time 
span the effect of a critical 
statement could be very 

to Tebbit 
over libel 

Mr Dale CbmpbeD-Savoen 
(Workington, Lab) challenged 
Mr Norman Tebbit, Chancellor 
of the Duchy of Lancaster and 
chairman of the Conservative 
Baity, to make a statement at 
the despatch box on allegations 
about int er ference with poten- 
tial witnesses in the libel case 
brought' by two Conservative 
MPS against the BBC 

Mr Tebbifs decision last 
Thursday to answer Mr Camp- 
bcU-Savaurs’s allegations out- 
sde rather than inside rite 
House was condemned by the 
MP. . 

He said that this was “a 
deliberate ploy to avoid placing 
himself in contempt of the 
House by misleading the House 
in a personal statement”. Mr 
Tebbit should now repeat his 
assertions at the des p a t ch box m 
a statement, 

“Ifbe refuses". Mr Carap he l l - 
Saraon said, “foe country will 
know that a. conspiracy of 
silence is bang engineered by 
senio r figures to hide the truth 
from Parliament.’' 

The MP said that while Mr 
Tebbit, in his remarks outrode, 
had vigorously and unequivo- 
cally denied to the media that 
Mr David Mitchell, head of 
Tory Central Office legal depart- 
ment, had spoken to potential 
witnesses after February 6, when 
the legal action was ini traded and 
the MPs concerned had issued 
the writs, his (Mr Cunpbdl- 
SavourVs) evidence was that Mr 
Mitchell bad spoken to potential 
witnesses, knowing that they 
woe potential witnesses, an 
February 22 and thereafter. 
MrCampbefl-Saroara, who was 
accused by : The Speaker (Mr 
Bernard Weatberill) of seekmg 
to make a political point 
through the Chair, which was to 
be deprecated, was raising a 
point of order on foe case 
brought against the BBC by Mr 
Neil Hamilton (Tattoo, Q and 
Mr Gerald Howarth (Cannock 
and Barntwood, Q over a 
Panorama programme, 
Maggie's Militant Tendency, ft 
was settled oat of court last 

Mr Campbdl-Saraan said 
foe rmplicazKMi of Mr Tebbifs 
assertion in the House last week 
that he would not use the 

mg to the 
Home imi 

allegations in 
that he "(Mr 
s) could do 


“The reaso n X have been 
unable to take that course" he 
said “is because there is adanger 
of a gagging writ being served on 
me with the effect that Par- 
liament would be silenced.” 
After The Speaker had said he 
could not rule on whether Mr 
Tebbit should come to foe 
despatch box to give his answer, 
Mr Alan WflHama, from the 
Opposition front bench, said Mr 
ChmpbeD-Savotira had hoped to 
point out that as many as 17 oat 
of 20. witnesses may have been 
persuaded to withdraw. • - 

Mr Tebbit knew last week that 
his role as Tory Party chairman 
was involved and, therefore, 
could have spoken from the 
backbenches in his private role. 

The Government, over West- 
land, had said that ministers 
were answerable to the House 
and for those who served under 
than, and .Mr Tebbit was a 
Cabinet minister. 

The Speaker said thiS was not a 
matter lor him. •- 

Resignation Blow to Gov- 
ernment. That is the kind of 
hem l i ne me is always Iikdy 
to see whenever a politician 
leaves office unexpectedly. It 
is so often taken for granted 
that a resignation must dam- 
age the government But in 
fact that is not true. It all 
on the droanstanees. 
resignations are pos- 
itively beneficial to a Prime 

Minister. When Harold Mac- 
millan lost his Chancellor, 
Peter Th ome yaoft, and -the 
other Treasury ministers, on 
the eve of a Commonwealth 
tear in January 1958, he 

ity as “a little local difficulty, * 
before proceeding on his way. 
He gahted a new Chancellor 
and the English language a 
new phrase. 

The previous year Mac- 
millan bead appeared equally 
unconcerned when Lord Salis- 
bury, the Conservative king- 
maker and right-wing 
of (he party, had 

handed m Ms notice. It was on 
such episodes that the reputa- 
tion of Superman the Un- 
flappable was founded. 

Resignations as 

£93m spent on 
energy sources 

The Government had so far 
spent £93 million on renewable 
energy sources compared to £2.7 
million spent under the last 
Labour Government, Mr David 
Hunt Under-Secretary of Stare 
for Energy, said during Com- 
mons questions. 

He emphasized, however, 
font, despite record spending 
levels on renewables, and de- 
spite foe Government doing 
more than any previous govern- 
ment for tidal energy, foe 
combination of all those energy 
sources would not mate a 
significant impact 

Mr Ham said that the energy 
department’s provision for non- 
nuclear research in 1986-87 was 
£44.91 million compared with 
estimated wending m 1985-86 
of £4(12 million, an increase of 
more than 10 per dent. 

Parliament today 

Commons (2.30): Motion, on 
Deacons (Ordination of Wo- 
men) Measure. ' 

Lords (2.30): Housing and Plan- 
ning Bin, third reading. Na- 
tional Health Service (Am- 
endment) Bill, repeat stage. 

Tempers rise in Lords 
over missing cameras 

By Sheila Gunn, Political Staff 

As the House of Lords 
enters the fourth week of its 
hardest work of the year the 
hackles of peers are rising over 
Arm glaring omission from the 
chamber, tfea television cam- 

They have rolled in only 
once, when Lady Young, a 
Foreign Office minister, made 
a statement of the Reykjavik 

That is in spite of late 
sittings every night and a spate 
of government defeats and 

This month has highlighted 
the Importance of the Loras as 
a revising chamber because 
many of the now laws have 
never been debated in the 
House of Commons. 

For instance, the Financial 
Services BflL to ensure protec- 
tion for Investors, ami the 
NHS (Amendment) BilL to 
tighten hygiene standards in 
hospitals, have been virtually 

Peers wen already upset at 
having three weeks lopped off 

their summer recess in order to 
get through the log jam of 
government Bills. 

Tempers were not improved 
when they returned to work to 
find ministerial announce- 
ments being made at the 
Conservative Party Con- 
ference in Bournemouth when 
Parliament — in the shape of 
the House of Lords — was 

Mr Glyn Mathias, an assis- 
tant editor of ITN, said that 
the regular television pro- 
gramme Their Lordship s’ 
House went out for 30 weeks of 
the year and it was sometimes 
difficult to plan which weeks 
to cover. 

“We appreciate that the 
overspill period is important", 
be said. “But it is a question of 

p n^ wimmfr p lannin g-" 

Lord Whhelaw, leader of 
the Lords, promised yesterday 
to consider a complete review 
of tile law-making procedures 
after complaints from peers 
about “the shambles'* caused 
by their heavy workload. 

Channel tunnel 

Public subsidies ruled out 

By Martin Fletcher, Political Reporter 

There can be no public altitude of a government 
subsidies for the £4.7 billion which had originally insisted 
Channel tunnel project in any ihat the project was entirely a 
circumstances, a select com- private sector matter. 

minee report on the Channel 
Tunnel Bill will emphasize 
next month. 

With sceptical City institu- 
tions having so far failed lo 
fund a £206 million capital- 
raising exercise that must be 
completed by tomorrow, re- 
ports at the weekend suggested 
that government officials were 
preparing a “top-up” as a last 
reson to rescue the prestige 

In the Commons yesterday. 
Mr Jonathan Aiiken. the 
fiercely anti-tunnnel MP for 
Thanet South, sought an 
emergency debate on those 
reports and on reports that 
ministers had been putting 
pressure on financial institu- 
tions to invesL 
if true, he said, such action 
was “unconstitutional and 
improper** and represented an 
“extraordinary change** in the 

He said that the Eurotunnel 
consortium was in “a state of 

Anysuch top-ups. however, 
clearly will be ruled out by 
MPs on the select committee 
examining the Bill who are 
about to finish several weeks 
of bearings from opponents of 
the tunnel. 

Yesterday government so- 
urces insisted that there would 
be no public subsidies, saying 
that there would be a tunnel 
only if foe City backs it. 

Mr Alex Fletcher, the 
committee chairman, has 
repeatedly told petitioners 
thaL although the Bill itself 
does noi exclude such sub- 
sidies. they are specifically 
ruled out b> the terms of the 
treaty signed earlier this year 
by the French and British 

“If the next government 

wants to change that, it would 
first have lo negotiate with the 
French Government, then 
pass another Bill through the 
House of Commons”, he has 

He has also told petitioners 
who believe that the Govern- 
ment would have to step in if 
the Channel tunnel con- 
cessionaires foil that the same 
procedure would apply. 

But Mr Fletcher's commit- 
tee is also likely to oppose 
public subsidies on the ground 
that they would mean the 
tunnel's having an unfair 
advantage over ferry service 

He told petitioners from the 
ferry companies and port 
authorities in Dover last 
month that “the most im- 
portant thing that the com- 
mittee can do to help 
safeguard your jobs is to 
ensure that the competition 
between the ferry service and 
the tunnel is as fitir as 

Backbench windbags 
may lose freedom 

By Our Political Reporter 

Backbench windbags who, Mr Ivor Stanbrook (Orping- 

argued that the 


by droning on during Com- 
mons debates, deny their fel- 
low MPs their say look set to 
be dealt with. 

The Select Committee on 
Procedure is to produce a 
report within foe next few 
days which is expected to 
endorse an experiment limit- 
ing chatterboxes to just 10 
minutes during the middle 
hours of selected oversub- 
scribed debates. 

The imposition by the 
Speaker of the 10-minute rule 
is also designed to serve as a 
reminder to self-indulgent 
ministers and opposition 
kesman lo “recognize the 
liability of holding their 
speeches 10 no more titan 30 

The experiment originally 
ran throughout the course of 
the 19S4-SS session during 
which time the rule was 
applied 24 times. The proce- 
dure committee then invited 
comments from MPs, just two 
of whom complained. 


ton) argued that the rule 
stifled genuine debate because 
it discouraged MPs from “giv- 
ing way” to interruptions. 

Mr Eric Deakins (Waltham- 
stow) said that the rule was 
encouraging MPs merely to 
read prepared speeches of the' 
requisite length. “There is no' 
longer a debate, merely a 
succession of oral texts written 
in advance, not necessarily by 
the- honourable member de- 
livering them”, he said. 

The procedure committee 
rebuked the readers' of 
speeches and called for an 
extension of the experiment 
until the end of foe present 
session next month, to judge ■ 
better whether it was worth 

foe House’s while “overtgro- 
ing its ancient practice foaf a 
member called to speakr' bas 
foe right at his owp peril, ft) 
trespass upon foe patietiaf’bf' 
others”. ••*.••• 

The committee is beSeved 
to have’deddedlf is. .; ' 

A number of resignations 
have turned out to be essen- 
tially political non-events, 
even when they looked serious 
at Ore .time. The Wilson 
Government of 1966-?® had 
many pmUnia. hot foe depar- 
ture of Frank Cousins as 
Minister of Technology did 
not figure prominently among 
them. In many other cases 
there has never been more 
than the flurry of a day. 

Bntif it is not axiomatic that 
resignations damage a govern- 
ment, what are the 
dferiwgnfKiinig fe atures of 
those thatare harmful? 

Governments are obviously 
most fialde to suffer when they 
lose powerful and/or attractive 
personalities. The most recent 
.examples are Michael 
Hesdtme anti Leon Britten, 
even though there are not that 
many. Conservatives these 
days who are prepared to 
appreciate foe contrasting 
qualities of bofo of them. The 
lack of Cedi Parkinson’s 
presentational skills has also 
often been revetted. 

These instances pofat to 
another possible cause of 
embarrassment: when a 
resignation raises questions 
about foe andact of govern- 
ment. That, even more than 
foe loss of mhusters, was what 
hart over Westland. 

The Parkinson case was 
politically damaging because 
ofthe confusion, more than the 
morality. Mr Parkinson did 
not seem to know Ms own mind 
and Mrs Thatcher did not 
seem to understand the 
public’s mind. 

The Proftnao affair was also 
handled badly. But that in- 
dicated another reason why a 
resignation can cause trouble: 
when it impBe* a security risk. 

But a resignation can stiff be 
harmful to a government even 
if it does not come into any of 
these categories. That is when 
it strengthens the misgivings 
that tfae puMic have developed 
on other grounds. ' 

The Profmno affair hurt the 
Macmillan Government so 
hutch net because of foe 
security aspects; as became ft 
was thought somehow .to 
symbolise foe decadence of foe 
Administration. It therefore 
reinforced the growing belief 
that after three terms of 
Conservative rule it was time 
for a change. 

Only if it comes under this 
st heading is the Jeffrey 
Archer resignation likelyto be 
at • afi serious for Mia 

For the party he has per- 
formed foe voidable service of 
enthusing the faithful ap. and 
down the country. But rttai 
may not beqirite so necessary 
in the run-up to an election 
when Conservative adnenalhi 
is likely to be flowing anyway - 
-rr as. Mrs Thatcher may be 
recognizing hi her derision not 
to replace him directly. 

Thatcher spared 
bungling charge 

Might foe episode none 
foeless strengthen doubts that 
Imre been developing mi other 
grounds? It is jast. possible 
tint if the Westland ' debate 
really badly for foe 
to mo rrow the two 
cases, wife, no matter how 

Bet It seems to me" ranch 
'more Hksly that Mr Archer's 
departure will prove to be a 
remind er foat most political 
. resignations are a nuisance 
niftier foan a disaster. 



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Professions angry over 
government refusal to 
limit damages claims 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 
_ e _.??. vernn 'ent’s refusal the course of action to take in of much 

to meet the professions’ re- 
quest to limit the damages 
courts can award in the face of 

J222L negU & e nee claims 
wought an angry response at a 
conference in London yes* 

Mr Alan Hardcastle, chair- 
man of the Heads of Pro- 
tessions group, said that 
because of the huge claims for 
d f™ges, professionals, in- 
cluding doctors, accountants 
ana solicitors, now faced 
“catastrophic consequences 
should they make an honest 
misjudgement or error". 

There was also the “real 

possibility that new entrants 

to the professions will be 
Ofjterred by the risk of losing 
all — house, savings, and 
professional life — as a result 
of one misjudgement 


That would lead, in due 
course, to a lowering of pro- 
fessional standards and to a 
“reduction of competence 
which can hardly be the 
outcome desired by the 
Government”, he said. 

He added that there would 
also be a loss of confidence in 
the professions on the part of 
the public who use their 

The Government had said it 
was for firms to make a 
commercial judgement about 

the present circumstances, Mr 
Hardcastle said. 

But those actions would 
include withdrawing services 
in areas where risks are high- 
est, and an unwillingness to 
extend into new areas of 
service which' are needed. 

There would also be a 
“tendency to avoid giving 
dear and forthright advice for 
fear of the consequences of 
error,” 1 the very danger the 
Government had said it wants 
to avoid. 

Mr Hardcastle said that the 
authorities perhaps needed 
the stimulus of “the imminent 
collapse of a professional firm 
by reason of a massive claim” 
before it was prepared to take 
the problem seriously. 

He was addressing a con- 
ference organized by the UK- 
Interprofessional Group on 
the problems of professional 
liability, because of concern 
over rising claims and diffi- 
culty of obtaining insurance 

The Government’s recent 
refusal to provide any cap on 
damages awards or any state 
helptwrlh cover was unequivo- 
cably reaffirmed at the con- 
ference yesterday. 

Mrs Ann Wilks, assistant 
secretary. Department of 
Trade and Industry, said that 
capping had been the subject 

lobbying by the 
professions but it was not an 
option the Government wan- 
ted to pursue. 

Nor was there any question 
of slate cover, foe other way 
foe Government might help to 
reduce the professions' risks, 
sbe said. 

Capping was impracticable: 
any ceding would be arbitrary 
and unless the figure was so 
high it was- irrelevant to most 
ea-ggs, it would prejudice 
“consumers 1 rights to sue for 
the full extern of any damage 
they might have incurred” 

She also said that to place a 
ceding on damages awards m 
foe United Kingdom might 
force litigants to pursue their 
cases in foreign courts. 

Insurance cover for hospital 
doctors was compulsory and 
available at relative^ low cost 
so the case for limiting then- 
liability was perhaps less 
strong than for architects or 
engineers, she said. 

They faced the prospect of 
negligence claims in an in- 
dustry where foe insurance 
market was contracting fast 
and premiums rising. 

Mrs Wilks said that al- 
though foe professions feared 

Mr Elwyne Morgan, a fanner, overlooking the Herefordshire countryside from the derelict fourteenth-century Snodhill 
Castle, near Hay-on-Wye, Powys. The ruins of the castle, which existed in Domesday Book times, accompany the title of 
The Lordship of Snodhill which is to be auctioned in London on November II (Photograph: Philip Dunn). 

Firms unaware of cash for giving jobs to blind 

-that they would be inhibited 

from refusing to provide ser- 
vices there was little evidence 
to support that. 

School governors: 2 

Training options 
Tew and dated 9 

In the second of a three-part series. Mark Dowd, Education 
Reporter, looks at the prospects for training an ambitious would- 
be governor. ' 

It is almost 100 years since 
the Cross Commission cm 
school government defined 
foe desirable attributes of 
school governors: breadth of 
view, business habits, admin- 
istrative ability and a power of 
working harmoniously with 

They are laudable creden- 
tials but an intimidating list to 
any prospective governor .The 
1986 legislation states that 
“appropriate training is to be 
provided for governors free of 

One of those is called 
“Focus in Education". With 
the assistance of a former 
media resources officer from 
foe Inner London Education 
Authority, the training con-| 
sortium hopes to produce 
three 45-miniite video tapes to 
bolster foe present paucity of | 
training materials. Each- mil 
cost £10.000 to make. 

Where will the money come 

Three weeks ago, Mrs Joan 
Sallis, national organizer of 
the Campaign for the 
Advancement of State Educa- 
tion, helped to found a new 
consortium whose specific 
task will be to co-ordinate 
efforts designed to improve 
the present poor opportunities 
for training. 

Other ideas abound, waiting 
for funds to make them actual 
rather than hypothetical. . 

Mrs Sallis hopes to start a 
governors' newspaper and is 
eager to persuade local 
authorities to provide a re- 
sources section m every town 
library so that governors can 
have ready access to Acts of I 
Parliament and other docu- 

She estimates that there will 
be more than a quarter of a 
million governors after the 
new law is implemented. 
Many of those will be the new 
stock of inexperienced parent 

The Government has made 
£100,000 available for pilot 
training schemes but only 10 
of the more than 70 local 
authorities that applied have 
been successful in their bids. 
The Department of Education 
and Science says that more 
money will be available in 
future through the rate-sup- 
port grant mechanism but so 
far nothing is official. 

Present training op- 
portunites can best be de- 
scribed as patchy and that is to 
put it generously. 

The Open University runs 
an excellent course which got 
under way in 1981. Bui many 
feel that it is dated and only 
likely to appeal to the commit- 
ted. organized individual with 
time to spare. 

Furthermore, there is a 
voluntary body, the National 
Association of Governors and 
Managers, which has held 
regional training days from 
time to time during the past 
vear. However, a day’s train- 
ing for an estimated 2,000 
people hardly appears to make 
serious inroads into the 

Mrs Sallis and her con- 
sortium are relying on char- 

Why is training so critical? 

The intricacies of commit- 
tee procedure with their atten- 
dant jargon are enough to fill 
the minds of any new parent 
governor with horror. 

Blandford drugs den 
dealer found guilty 

A drags dealer who was 
arrested in a cocaine den with 
Lord Blandford was convicted 
of supplying cocaine yes- 

Lawrence Zephyr, aged 53, 

r- a !h.. .t 

was found guilty at Knight- 
t of foin 

guns Including a 38 automatic 
pistol and a Browning pistol 
Zephyr denied a total of eight 
drugs and firearms effaces 
and claimed police planted 
cocaine and documents on 




s bridge Crown Court 
charges of poss 
supplying cocaine 
firearms charges. 

Mr Anthony Glass, QC, 
said that Zephyr told detec- 
tives involved in the raid, code- 
named, Operation Darina, “I 
have seen him here before,” 
referring to Blandford. 

After the raid on foe 
Edgware Road den. detectives 
from Scotland Yard’s central 
drugs 'squad visited a flat 

Blandford, aged 30, ims 
pleaded guilty to possessing 
cocaine.Melanie Soszynslo, 
aged 36, unemployed, has 
admitted laundering a £12,000 
cheque signed by Blandford 
for cocaine. 

where Zephyr was staying in 
rs Green Road, north 


There they found £21,000 
worth of cocaine and loaded 

Soszynslo, of Nefi Gwyu 
House, Chelsea, south-west 
London, has also admitted two 
charges of possessingasd 
supplying cocaine. Three I 
other defendants have admit- 
ted various drugs charges. 

Sentencing will begin on 
Thursday, but Blandford is not 
expected to be dealt with until 
Wednesday of next week. 

Employers are discriminat- 
ing unfairly against the blind 
and the partially-sighted, the 
Royal National Institute for 
foe Blind claimed yesterday. 

A survey, commissioned by 
the institute’s employment 
development unit, showed 
that many employers forget 
foe Manpower Services Com- 

mission win pick up any extra 
costs incurred, such as adapt- 
ing a telephone switchboard. 

Employers also misguidedly 
think blind people are more 
prone to accidents at work, 
although surveys have proved 

About 135,000 people m 
England and Wales are reg- 

istered blind or partially- 
sighted. Forty thousand are of 
working age. but fewei than 20 
per cent are employed. The 
institute's survey involved 
interviews with 318 visually 
handicapped people looking 
for a job, 35 per cent of whom 
were living on the Govern- 
ment's poverty line. 

The report emphasized that 
more information should be 
provided on services, schemes 
and help available to job- 
seekers, employers and social 
workers. “It is essential that 
more publicity on benefits 
should be targeted at individ- 
ual blind people,” the report 

get SOS 

By Jill Sherman 

An emergency telephone 
line for sexually abused chil- 
dren opened in Yorkshire 
yesterday. The free “touch- 
line” service has been set up 
by foe National Children's 
Home (NCH) in response to a 
large number of cases of 
sexual abuse. 

Fund raising for the scheme 
started in 1984 after the 
discovery of a “sex ring” in 
Leeds involving 250 young 
girls who were paid by men to 
have sex. 

Over the past three years the 
number of reported cases of 
child sex abuse in foe area has 
increased dramatically. In 
1983. Leeds social services 
department recorded 10 cases. 
This year 104 incidents have 
already been reported. 

The NCH Touchline will be 
open from 9.30am to 9.30pm 
from Monday to Friday and 
an answerphone will operate 
over the weekend and over- 

Launching the scheme yes- 
terday, Miss Linda Whittaker, 
NCH coordinator of Touch- 
line, said: "We arc most 
concerned that youngsters feel 
they can ring us. They don't 
have to give us their name on 
the first occasion.” 

The telephone numbers are: 
Touchline (for children in 
Yorkshire) Leeds 457777; 
Childline (nationwide) 0800 


itable trusts and a good deal ofi| 
self-help to set in train several I 

Many of the new recruits! 
will have little experience oft| 
spoking in public, nor arej 
they likely to be familiar with 
the metamorphosis which 
characterises foe examination | 

Basic knowledge of that, 
plus an understanding of I 
teachers' pay scales, are essen- 
tial if parents- are to make 
fruitful contributions on mat- 
ters such as the curriculum 
and staff appointments. 

Nor is it merely potential 
governors who will need' 
encouraging.Mrs Sallis says 
foal she has been inundated 
with requests for better in- 
service training since the con- 
sortium was launched. 

When she ran a one-day 
course in Gloucester last 
week, a 100-place training 
session was more than five 
limes oversubscribed. The 
pattern was repeated later in 
Enfield, north London. 

The message from Mrs Sal- 
lis, and the National Associ- 
ation ■ of Governors and 
Managers, is: if foe Govern- 
ment is serious about foe 
enhanced role of the govern- 
ing body, foe logical corollary 
is a gen erouslyfu nded system 
of training that does justice to 
such ambitions. 

Tomorrow: possible sticking 




450,000 POLICIES 



Rabbit rabbit rabbit tremendous 
growth rate rabbit rabbit. Rabbit 1986, 
rabbit rabbit best rabbit yet. 

Rabbit rabbit rabbit rabbit terrific 
investment record, rabbit rabbit rabbit 
rabbit. Rabbit rabbit rabbit. 

Rabbit rabbit independent financial 
adviser rabbit rabbit rabbit. He’ll give 
you all the rabbit rabbit rabbit. 




_ ^ ... _• ... . ” .- • ■ 


Buy an Escort or Onon 
before Christmas. 

tfgw CVC'' 

^-•*4 ... 


• / 



^ k 


Andwell wrap itup 

for you. 

In a free security blanket 
An Escort, with its unique blend of perform- 
ance and economy ,* might make the ideal present 
to yourself this yean Or perhaps the stylish Orion 
with its high quality equipment 

Whichever one you choose, you’ll naturally 
get the usual 12 months Unlimited Mileage 

Assurance. But on top of that well give you a pre- 
sent of free Extra Cover - Ford’s optional Warranty 
plan - for the first two years from when you take 
delivery of your new car. This will save you from 
worrying about parts and labour charges for most 
mechanical and electrical repairs. 

It’ll also cover you against towing charges to 

your nearest Ford dealer, if your car breaks down 
because of the failure of any covered part 

Allowances are also provided should car hire 
or hotel accommodation become necessary. 

This offer is only available until December 
31st So make sure you’re safely wrapped up be- 
fore the New Year. 

The above programme applies to Escort and Orion cars registered between October 1st and December 31st 1986 in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Extra Coyer docs not apply to cars modified 
g or rallying or used for short term rental or for hire or taxi services. (Though vehicles on more than 6 months’ lease are eligible) Vehicles must be serviced by authorised Ford Dealers and according to Fist'd 
js. The service record must be up-to-date, and the vehicle must be submitted for repair within 7 days of any failure. Failures of components are not covered it they result from misuse, neglect or an accident. 
•Achieved in Government fuel economy tests. Escort 1.4 Ghia illustrated - mpg (litres/fan). Constant 56 mph (90 kmh) 57.6 (4.9). constant 75 mph (120 kmh) 44.1 (6 4), urban driving 34.9 (8.1). 

. 1 ,. 

I nn» 





Sinn Fein move to end 
Dail boycott may lead 
to conference walkout 

Deep divisions within Pro-' 

isiona] Sinn Fein over a 
f kf to abandon its 
to take seats 
in the Insh Republic’s par- 
uamem may lead to a walk- 
out at the movement’s annual 

The ruling coimriTs pro- 
posai will be vigorously re- 
sisted by older republicans led 
0y Mr Ruairi O Bradaigh, a 
former party president, who 
describes the arguments now 
taking place as “the greatest 
struggle of the republican 

But he and his older col- 
leagues. based largely in the 
South, are fighting a rearguard 
action against the northern 
faction surrounding Mr Gerry 
Adams, the party's president, 
who had been actively pro- 
moting die abandonment of 
absteniionism in preparat i on 
for next weekend’s debate. 

The leadership is anxious 
for the change in policy as a 
general election must be held 
in the Irish Republic before 
November 1987, giving it an 
opportunity to run candidates 
and perhaps destabilize the 
Irish political system. 

By Richard Ford 

The ruling council has pro- 
posed dropping an article of 
faith in the movement since 
1 922 to enable successful par- 
liamentary candidates to take 
their seats in the Dail in the 
hope that they Will aid the 
advance of the Provisionals in 
the republic. . 

Delegates at tire Mansion 
House conference in Dublin 
will be asked to endorse 
proposals that elected mem- 
bers do hot draw their foil 
parliamentary salaries for per- 
sonal use but instead receive a. 
PSF organizer's subsidy: that 
they act in the Dail under the 
guidance of the organization's 
ruling council, and that they 
sign a written pledge to ab- 
stain from Westminster or any 
parliamentary body set up in 
Northern Ireland. 

The changes in the constitu- 
tion require a two-thirds 
majority and PSF organizers 
have altered the order of 
proceedings to allow Mr Ad- 
ams, PSF MP for West Belfast; ' 
to outline his views on the 
issue before almost five hours 
of debate next Sunday. 

iiion to .the move is 
largely in- the South 

although Mr Adams, with the 
support of the Provisional 
IRA and key older repub- 
licans, hopes to avoid any 
large split m the movement. 

The leadership insists that 
taking seats in the Dail would 
not diminish the “armed 
struggle” in the North or lead 
inevitably to reformism and 
the abandonment of military 

It is precisely that which Mr 
O Bradaigh fears, saying that it 
is impossible to remain a 
revolutionary organization 
while sitting in foe DaiL 
' “Going into Leinster House 
means accepting the Army, 
the political police, the special 
courts, the internment camps 
and all the apparatus of re- 
pression and collaboration 
with the British.” 

Any decision to enter the 
Dail will have serious reper- 
cussions for political life in the 
.republic. It will force Mr 
Charles Haughey’s Fianna 
Fail to protect its flank, mak- 
ing it difficult for Him to 
pursue any polity of com- 
promise without upsetting his 
more extreme supporters. 

Unionist rally marks 
agreement anniversary 

Two Ulster Unionist lead- 
ers yesterday announced plans 
for a big rally in the province’s 
capita] as the main event to 
mark the first anniversary of 
the Anglo-Irish agreement 
(Richard Ford writes). 

Both men denied any know- 
ledge of a “loyalist” strike and 
warned “hoodlums” to stay 
away from a demonstration 
planned for outside Belfast 
City Hall on November 15. 

The venue is the same as for 
a similar rally held after the 
signing of the agreement last 
year and both Mr James' 
Molyneaux and Mr Ian Pais- 
ley are aware of the risk 
involved in their strategy. 

Any outbreak of trouble or a 
smaller turnout than in 1985 
would damage the Unionist 
cause of opposing foe deal 
with Dublin. 

However, with foe Orange 
Order assisting foe Official 
and Democratic Unionist par- 
ties, foe leadership is assured 
of good attendance. - Mod- 
erates believe a mammoth but 

peaceful demonstration is 
more effective in public rela- 
tions terms than other events. 

Mr Molyneaux, leader of 
the OUP, said: “The Ulster 
people will know that then- 
tenacity and their resolution is 
on foe line.” 

During the rally the two 
men will unvefl further plans 
for foe withdrawal of Unionist 
consent to be governed and, 
before then, will review loyal- 
ist membership of various 
boards and other government 
agencies. . 

Militant “loyalists”- were 
disappointed at yesterday’s 
announcement as they have 
been pressing for more hard- 
line tactics 

But Mr Molyneaux is op- 
posed to these tactics, though 
hard-liners wi thin foe com- 
munity may caiTy out in- 
dependent protests during foe 
next three weeks. 

The security ibices are 
preparing for “loyalist” street 
violence to erupt in the days 
before the anniversary. , 

EEC grants to 
help Ulster 
energy search 

EEC foreign ministers yes- 
terday approved a £24 milli on 
aid programme to Northern 
Ireland (Richard Owen 
writes). It was part of a 
package aimed at improving 

In the energy sector, the 
EEC aid is to cover foe 
efficient use of energy and the 
exploitation of local energy 
resources, particularly lignite. 

The overall alternative en- 
ergy policy is designed to 
encourage development not 
only of peat and lignite but 
also of solar energy, wind 
energy, geothermal sources 
and small scale hydro-electic 
operations. The regional aid 
programme in local energy 
runs for five years and has a 
budget of £210 million. 

The telecommunications 
programme in Northern Ire- 
land provides for investment 
in basic equipment, cellular 
radio and foe promotion of 
advanced telecommunication 

The Deep Sea Jims, a four-member group from London, practising underwater music in a 
swimming pool. Mr Peter Thomas, foe lead singer who plays saxophone and flute, has 
written a two-hour rock musical and says that his aspiration to perform it underwater are 
serious. “It is a different dimension. Under water, music actually enters your body, yon feel 
it as weD as hear it” Frogmen would be present with breathing apparatus and the audience 
would be invited Into foe pooL The band may apply for an Arts Council grant 

Plastic revolution 

Smartcard set to outsmart rivals 

By Keith Hindley 

to fetch 

By Geraldine Norman 
Sale Room Correspondent 

Sotheby’s is bringing a 
Rembrandt and two paintings 
by Frans Hals back from the 
United States for sale in 
London in December. Prices 
for all three are expected -to 

run mfn milli ons. 

In what promises to be 
Sotheby’s most important Old 
Master sale for many years, 
the Rembrandt lakes pride of 
place. It is a little oval portrait 
of a young girl, plump and 
Dutch, with soft straggling 
curls, pearls in her ears and a 
■ richly embroidered cloak. 

It is a had and shoulders 
portrait caught in a shaft of 
strong light. She looks out 
peacefully, my self-contained 

in her youthful world. It is an 
intimate and memorable hn- 
age which is likely to sfo foe 
acquisitive urge of both collec- 
tors and m u s e um s. 

The painting is dated 1632, 
the period of Rembrandt’s first 
success. The early date also 
! means that it has already been 
I through the mill of the Rem- 
brandt Commission, which is 
1 currently sorting slowly 

through painting * attributed 

to him, deciding which are 
from his hand and which are i 

The commission suggests 
that h is one of a small group, 
of portraits which Rembrandt 
pamtprf for his own eqjoyment, 
rather than on commission, 
and this is borne out by its 
freedom and sparkle. 

It has a distingui s hed prov- 
enance, which always en- 
hances the price, having 
belonged to foe Prince of 
Lichtenstein at the turn of the 
century and hang on loan to 
foe Museum of Fine Aits In 
Boston since 1966. 

The two Hals paintings are 
more formal, commissioned 
portraits, an unidentified man 
and his wife, both depicted 
three-quarter length. He has a 
fine ruff and majestic whiskers 
while his rather plain wife 
wears a white cap and a stiff 
black dress which glints with 
coloured highlights. 

They are foe most important 
paintings by Frans Hals to 
come on the market for tea 
years or so 

Purchased by Sir William 
van Horne, a Montreal rail- 
road mlliioiiaire, in about 
1915, they were on loan to the 
Rijks museum in Amsterdam 
from 1973-79 and to the Fogg 
Art Maseum in Cambridge, 
Massachusetts, from 1979 

The “smartcard”, a small 
plastic card with the memory 
and. power of many home 
computers, could handle our 
bank account, eliminate the 
cheque book and make 
banknotes and coins almost 

The cards could also carry 
medical records and give us 
entry to our workplace, our 
tennis club, even our local 
cinema dub. They could also 
act as national or European 
identity cards, carrying our 
photograph, signature, finger- 
prints or voiceprint in their 
digital memories. 

But the international enthu- 
siasm for the smartcard is not 
found in Britain. Our institu- 
tions remain sceptical and we 
risk being left B ehind those in 

other technologically ad- 
vanced nations. 

In recent months. leading 
banking and financial groups 
in Japan, Europe and foe US 
have agreed that the smart- 
card has immense potential 
Public trials of various forms 
of foe card are already under 
way in foe US by Visa and 
MasterCard, foe two large 
credit card institutions. 

They now believe 100 mil- 
lion raids will be issued in 
both America and Japan by 
1991 and a multi-billion dollar 
market for the card’s many 
uses will develop within years. 

In Britain, our financial 
institutions are developing 
their own system based on an 
improved version of foe mag- 
netic strip credit card. The 

system, known as Eftpos (elec- 
tronic funds transfer at point 
of saleX will use terminals in 
shops with a check by tele- 
phone to dear a purchase or 

The system will cost more 
than half a billion pounds and 
is scheduled to come into use 
by 1988. 

Abroad, foe British plans 
are already seen as archaic and 
the start-up date as hopelessly 

A wave of smartcard issues, 
worldwide, could well swamp 
British plans for Eftpos. 

This weekend Barclays 
broke ranks with foe other 
British banks with news that it 
will offer a simple point of sale 
card next May, ahead, of foe 
national Eftpos launch. 

MPs seek 
access to 

By Martin Fletcher 
Political Reporter 

Three senior Conservative 
backbenchers win embark to- 
day on foe first step of a 
campaign to redress foe bal- 
ance of power between MPs 
and the Government by giving 
members access to high-qual- 
ity technical and scientific 

Although Mrs Margaret 

Thatcher is personally op- 
posed to the idea, they will ask 
for the support of foe all-party 
Parliamentary and Scientific 
Committee for foe creation of a 
body to conduct detailed in- 
quiries into complex subjects 
that MPs might, otherwise, be 
unable to master. 

They will then seek debates 
in both foe Lords and the 
Commons and armed, they 
hope, with a dear mandate 
from peers and backbench 
MPs. will ask the House of 
Commons Commission for 
£250.000 to fond a permanent 
staff of op to 10 people. 

The unit would undertake 
inquiries at the request eff 
select committee chairmen, dr 
a committee's senior opposi- 
tion MP, and they would 
collate evidence from the lead- 
ing authorities in any given 

Sir lan Lloyd, chairman of 
the energy select committee 
and one of the three back- 
benchers proposing foe move, 
said yesterday that the Com- 
mons, in its role as a check on 
foe executive, was becoming 
“increasingly irrelevant to the 
kind of problems the Govern- 
ment will be facing 

The proposal would mean 
MPs were better informed and 
equipped to tackle ministers. 
While it would not, in itself, 
guarantee an improvement, it 
was “a necessary condition for 

Together with Sir Trevor 
Skeet, chairman of foe Par- 
liamentary and Sdentific 
Committee, and Sir Gerard 
Vaughan, Sir Ian visited 
Washington last April to in- 
vestigate the grander Ameri- 
can equivalent, foe Office of 
Technology Assessment. 

That services both houses of 
Congress, has an annual bud- 
get of $15 million and pro- 
duces upwards of 40 reports a 

On their return they put the 
idea to Mrs Thatcher, who 
subsequently wrote to Sir 
Trevor indicating that she 
would not be prepared to 
sanction such expenditure. 





Down here, 
nobody can touch us. 

g r-% 



- V «S 

It wasn't surprising STCgotthe contract to 
supply and lay the new telecommunications cable 
link between Australia, Indonesia and Singapore. 

After al l STC have laid over half the submarine 
cables in the world. 

it wasn't surprising because STC cables have 
an unmatched reliability record and STC are 
the acknowledged leaders in underwater telecom- 

munications technology. 

^However, there was one pleasant surprise in 
store for our customers. 

The link was operational 10 weeks ahead of 
schedule. So when a choice has to be made about 
whichjcompany should lay a new communications 
cable (ink it makes sense to choose STC 

Tile company that del ivers the best worldwide. 





Leaders in underwater telecommunications. 

ChnsrchurchWay Creermich London SEIG0AG England 


overseas news 


From Alan McGregor. Geneva 

Internationa? Commii- 
«eof the Red Cross (ICRC). 

•OOfane Hark 

. ifl 8 back over the past five 
•riy^says in its report that 
conflicts ha\c become 
Qum erous and last 
in?® 61 * , w hile violations of 
."~ niai ' ona I humanitarian 
aw * er e more frequent 

_,‘P?5 re P° rl - presented by its 
P^JdenL Mr Alexandre Hay. 
2 * the International P.ed Cross 
conference yesterday, also 
underlines that the takir.c of 
Hostages, sometimes sub- 
Kquemly murdered, terror- 
torture of detained 
P^SOns and ‘■disappearances'* 
similarly becoming more 
una more common. 

Discard of humanitarian 
|fw. it says, -has even reached 
“ic poim where whole civilian 
populations are subjected to 

.. ]CRC report refers to 
. an undeniable deterioration” 
in observance of the Geneva 
conventions in connection 
«iw prisoners of war. who 
had too often become 

.The most common viola- 
tion was failure to provide 
notification of capture, with 
the result that tens of thou- 
sands of families in Iraq. Iran. 
Lebanon, Western Sahara, 
Chad, Ethiopia. Somalia. An- 
gola. Cambodia and Afghani- 
stan were suffering the 
anguish of uncertainty. 

In .Afghanistan and Iran. 
ICRC delegates were not being 
allowed to visit prisoners and 
the report noted increased 
bombing of civilians by both 
sides and use of chemical 

weapons by Iraq in the Gulf 

On the Golan Heights, an- 
nexed by Israel from Syria in 
the ICRC “is finding it 
almost impossible to do its 
mandatory protection work in 
aid of the civilian and prison 
population. It is not even 
being notified of arrests." 

It was also particularly con- 
cerned about the plight of 
arrested people to whom it 
had no access and of the 
civilian population in the area 
of southern Lebanon con- 
trolled by the Israeli armed 
force.s where hundreds of 
houses had been destroyed, 
thousands of people displaced 
and a very high number 

■‘Extremely disturbing”, 
ioo. was the situation in 
Namibia, with restrictions im- 
posed by the South African 
authorities on the work of 
ICRC delegates, though “the 
existence ol an armed conflict 
cannot be denied”. 

The conference tabled a 
draft resolution asking all 165 
countries bound by the Ge- 
neva Conventions to respect 
their obligations under inter- 
na lional humanitarian law. 

O PRETORIA: Talks be- 
tween South Africa and repre- 
sentatives of the ICRC to 
discuss the Government’s de- 
cision to expel foreign Red 
Cross siaiT in response to the 
suspension of South Africa 
from the Geneva conference, 
have been posiponed until 
today, the Foreign Ministry 
said (Reuter reports). 

From Michael Hartnack 

Mr Robert Mugabe, the 
Prime Minister of Zimbabwe, 
has invited Mr Joshua 
Nkomo. rhe Zapu leader, to 
accompany him to the funeral 
of President Machei in 
Maputo today, as a mark of 
the reconciliation achieved in 
recent talks here. 

Mr Enos Nkala. the Min- 
ister of Home Affairs, dis- 
closed this at a weekend rally 
in Bulawayo, when he said 
that remaining Zapu detainees 
would be released to help to 
finalize a unity pact. 

Mr Nkala's words raised 
expectations that the Govern- 
ment would soon free Mr 
Oumiso Dabengwa. Mr 
Nkomo’s former guerrilla 
intelligence chief detained 
under the state of emergency 
since arms caches were found 
on Zapu properties in 3952. 

Mr Dabengwa, the most 
charismatic Zapu leader after 
Mr Nkomo and the most 
problematical from the view- 
point of Mr Mugabe's Govern- 
ment. was acquitted on treason 
charges i>v the High Court in 

Mr Nkala hinted at the 
problems Mr Nkomo may be 
facing with extremist elements 
in Mata be! eland, Zapu's tra- 
ditional stronghold, when he 
said some people were already 
denouncing the unity talks as a 

© MAPUTO: As President 
Machei's body lay in state for 
the final day before his fu- 
neral. the Mozambican leader- 
ship yesterday attended a 
three-hour service for 17 of- 
ficials killed with him in the 
plane crash inside South Af- 
rica eight days ago (Reuter 

ivJL f 

l • * - »..>-« .* % «* 

' «■ ’t - V. > 

• -i w 

Senor Adan Arte la. military leader of Kisan, the Nicaraguan Indian anti-Sandinista rebel group which is accused of buying 
nuns with non-lethal US aid. displays weapons stored in the movement's armoury on the Honduras-Nicaraguao border. 

>e trained In US 

From Christopher Thomas 

The Reagan Administra- 
tion, it is reported, has ten- 
tatively decided to train 
Nicaraguan Contras in the US 
as pan. of the escalating cam- 
paign to bring down the 
Sandinista Government be- 
cause Costa Pica. El Salvador 
and Honduras are unwilling to 
allow their territory to be 

The plan is said to stem 
directly from the renewed aid 
that the .Administration is 
about to sian releasing to the 
Contras. The first instalment 
of SbO million <I4i million i. 
out ol the total of S 1 00 million 
in military and non-military 

aid approved by Congress, is 
ready for delivery to the 
rebels, but arguments persist 
about the best way to spend it 

The first deliveries under 
the renewed aid will be rifles, 
ammunition and grenade 
launchers. The remaining $40 
million w ill be available from 
February 15 and can be used 
for heavier equipment such as 
artillery and anti-aircraft 

According to The Hash- 
.vrpjy; Post, yesterday, the 
Army. Navy, Air Force and 
Marine Corps have been di- 
rected to make detailed 
recommendations for suit- 
able. remote training sites in 
the US. 

The paper said the plan 

would be to train unit com- 
manders, not green soldiers. 
The commanders would then 
train their men inside Nica- 
ragua. The training would 
incude the handling of the 
weaponry' the Contras will be 
getting from the US. as well as 
techniques of guerrilla 

The Slate Department is in 
charge of overall policy guid- 
ance for the new programme, 
but there are arguments about 
tactics. For example, about 
whether the money should be 
concentrated on spectacular 
military successes or on grad- 
ually building up the effective- 
ness of the Contras with better 
equipment and more training. 


Interest rates, on Abbey National’s Five 
Star Account have gone up. 

Starting high and rising automatically the 
more you invest, the}' now climb to a top 
rate of S.5U b net - on all the money in your 



You can now also apply for an Abbeyiink 
card which lets you pay money into your 
Five Star Account, cneck ’/our balance or 
draw up to £250 cash at any Abbey link 
machine -24 hours a cay, 7 dans a week. 

To Dep’.. FSll AUwv Naaonal Building Sooecy, FREEPOST. 

2i.‘l Grafton Gate Ei$i MILTON KEYNES MK9 IDA. 

I V.’e would like Fit? S:s.- treatment for my our money and 

appi-. inunediaieb. enclosing a cheque for£ 

:r«e?ied m a Five Scar Account at my our local branch in | 

flwe«end lull details and an application card. r»e understand 
•.nr rates might van. [ V>e understand that the interest will be 
..•r.'dried annu Jl\ on '. ,; i September to this account 

-'u3 njireis* Mr Mrs l .!s : 


let. however high the interest rises on 
your Five Star Account, your money is 
always ready for you whenever you need it. 

You can withdraw U p to £250 a day cash 
or £15.1 K k i by cheque at any Abbey National 
branch wherever you are. 


Five Star instant acce? * is :r=e. No penal- 
ties. No loss oi interest. No charges. Lee p 
your interest climbing. Open a Five Star j 
Account at any Abbey Nations! branch - you } 
can stan with £500. Or post the coupon. ! 



• T ! o : . X L 

; *"■ C I E 

-.SEE V H C' U 5 E . 2 ■■.?:■■■■ 


about arms 

From Christopher Walker 

* Mr Mikhail Gorbachov, the 
Soviet leader, yesterday claim- 
ed that progress was still 
possible on the question of 
arms control despite what he 
described as “provocative" 
moves taken by the Reagan 
Administration since the col- 
lapse of the Reykjavik summit 
earlier this month. 

In a written message to the 
organizers of a writers’ con- 
ference in the Bulgarian cap- 
ital of Sofia. Mr Gorbachov 
stated that in Iceland, the 
Soviet Union had put on the 
negotiating table “a package of 
inter-linked proposals". 

He said the proposals were 
balanced in terms of both the 
interests of the superpowers 
and the world at large. 

“The situation after die 
Reykjavik meeting, in spite of 
the well-known provocative 
actions of the US Administra- 
tion and the gross mis- 
representation of wh3t came 
to pass at the Iceland meeting, 
still offers opportunities for a 
search for solutions ” Mr 
Gorbachov’s message said. 

.Although his references to 
the provocative behaviour of 
the White House were not 
spelt out they were clearly 
intended as a sour comment 
on the recent expulsions of 
Russian diplomats from the 
US. including the 55 expul- 
sion orders made last week 
against personnel in the Wash- 
ington embassy and the con- 
sulate in San Francisco. 

In keeping with the recent 
intensive Kremlin propa- 
ganda drive designed to depict 
the US Administration as the 
sole cause of the breakdown at 
Reykjavik, the Soviet leader 
asserted that if the American 
side had accepted the Russian 
package “a real process of 
eliminating nuclear weapons 
would have got under way”. 


From John England 

Herr Helmut Kohl, the 
Chancellor of West Germany 
President Mitterrand of 
France and his Prime Min- 
ister. M Jacques Chirac, met 
in Frankfurt yesterday and 
agreed that the Reykjavik 
summit had left the door open 
to further negotiations be- 
tween the two superpowers. 

The three leaders saw- Reyk- 
javik as an “important 
station" in East-West rela- 
tions and believed that the 
chances for a second summit 
were good, said Herr 
Friedhelm Ost. the chief West 
German government spokes- 

The statement came at the 
start of a two-day Franco- 
German “cultural summit", 
after Herr Kohl had briefed 
President Mitterrand and M 
Chirac separately and pri- 
vately on his talks in Wash- 
ington last week with 
President Reagan. 

Herr Ost said British sanc- 
tions against Syria had been 
mentioned only briefly, but 
the German and French for- 
eign ministers, who were also 
in Frankfurt, were in contact 
with their EEC counterparts 
meeting in Luxembourg. 

The Franco-German meet- 
ing. also attended by most 
Cabine! ministers of both 
governments, is “aimed at 
deepening the friendship be- 
tween Germany and France, 
especially cultural ties". 

Agreements to be signed 
yesterday and today include 
school and student exchanges 
and attempts to promote 
greater efforts in learning each 
other's languages. 

Frankfurt was on top sec- 
urity alert, with about 2.000 
police on duty in the inner- 
city area. 

President Mitterrand flew 
into Frankfurt to a red-carpet 
welcome by Herr Kohl, which 
included full military hon- 
ours. and later went to the 
Paulskirche to receive the 
city's highest and rarely-be- 
stowed award of honorary 

M Chirac made a quieter 
entrance later, keeping Hen- 
Kohl waiting five minutes on 
the steps of a Frankfurt hotel 
before his car convoy drew up. 

Lateness ou the pan of 
several French Cabinet min- 
isters had earlier caused the 
cancellation of a planned “cul- 
ture breakfast" to be given by 
their German colleagues. 

The French leaders took the 
opportunity of the summit to 
thank Here Kohl for Bonn’s 
recent agreement to take part 
in the advance phase of the 
French Hermes space shuttle 

West Germany is to put 
DM32 million (£1 1.2 million) 
into the project this year and 
in 198 7. 

• Language note: In an edi- 
torial on the meeting, the 
Frankfurter AUgemeine news- 
paper yesterday said the readi- 
ness to learn each other’s 
language seemed io be fading 
rather than growing. But most 
German and French poli- 
ticians would be expressing 
their concern about the prob- 
lem in English. 

Argentina tries to 
limit forces’ role 

From Eduardo Cue, Buenos Aires 

Foot years after its defeat in 
the Falkiands war, Argentina 
is attempting to define a new 
and more limited role for its 
| aimed forces and to firmly 
establish the principle of civil- 
ian control over the military. 

The effort to break the 50- 
year cycle of alternating civil- 
ian and military governments 
comes at a time when the 
resources and prestige of the 
Argentine military are at an 
all-time low following the 
Falkiands fiasco and a "dirty 
war" against terrorism that 
I led to the disappearance of at 
least 9,000 people. 

In the three years since the 
civilian Government came to 
power the military budget has 
been cut by 35 per cent and the 
number of men in uniform 
redoced from about MMLOOO to 
| just 30,000. No arms pur- 
chases have been made since 
December 1983 and none are 
planned in the immediate 

Government officials like to 
place the budget cuts in the 
context of an overall austerity 
programme forced by the eco- 
nomic crisis. But the spending 
reductions are in keeping with 
the effort to limit the role of 
the military to one of defend- 
ing the country from external 

As part of this process the 
First Army Corps in Buenos 
Aires, which has always 
played an important part in 
the overthrow of civilian gov- 
ernments, has been dis- 
mantled and Its troops dep- 
loyed to more distant regions. 

■‘The Government basically 
does not trust the armed forces 
because they are the alter- 
native lurking around the 
corner," said one Western 
diplomat. This attitude is har- 
dly surprising, given that gen- 
erals have occupied the 
presidential palace during 36 
of the past 55 years and that 
no civilian President has com- 


pieted his six-year constitu- 
tional mandate since 1928. 

In order to break this pat- 
tern, Congress is preparing to 
approve a national defence Jaw 
prohibiting military interfer- 
ence in internal conflicts. The 
measure restates the Pres- 
ident’s constitutional role as 
Coramaiider-in-Chief of the 
armed forces and establishes 
mechanisms that increase 
civilian participation in mili- 
tary operations and planning. 

“The law makes ft very dear 
that national defence is a joint 
responsibility to be shared by 
both civilian and military 
traders," the Defence Min- 
ister, Senor Horario Jaun- 
arena, said in an interview. 
That is a new concept in a 
country where civilian super- 
vision of the military has 
traditionally been non- 

The key problem remains 
one of trying to integrate the 
uniformed services into the 
rest of society, a difficult task 
that has not been made any 
easier by the continuing trials 
of former military officers for 
hnman rights violations com- 
mitted during the 1976-1983 

The judicial proceedings are 
a constant source of tension 
within the military, who claim 
that the notion of due obedi- 
ence gives immunity from 
prosecution to all but the top 

Civilian leaders, however, 
will also have to change their 
behaviour if they are to estab- 
lish authority over the armed 
forces on a permanent basis. 

“We Argentines most over- 
come the double standard we 
have maintained towards the 
military. We have either been 
afraid of them or we have 
wanted to subject them," said 

the chairman of tire Senate 

armed services committee. 











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20,000 gold 
miners on strike 

~ Twwit y ihoiBand Mack miners went on 
suike at three South African gold mines yesterday in a dis- 
pote ova- a 3^ per cent pay use (Ray Kennedy writes). 

„ .iff* "S 1 * s 1 ^ ^ the strike at the KM Deettraal 
^ Fields of SontkAf- 

55*^ to tlire ^ ot ^ er ntines in the group. 

MrMarccl Golding, a spokesman for & bbck Na- 
Jonal Union of Mineworkers, said (be spread of the strike 
kad been baulked by a “heavy mine security presence". Mr 
Atne Roets of the Gold Fields group said action by mine 
seconty personnel was necessary to protect the entire 
labour force. 

_ Meanwhile, efforts were contouring yesterday to recover 
™ e bodies of six Macks WM on Sunday when a 2S ton 
iron backet plummeted to the bottom of a ventilation shaft 
at the Randfonteui F-^ te s gold name west of 

Second Colombian 
journalist held in US 

Bogoti — Another Colombian woman journalist has been 
detained in the United States as a supposed “political 
undesirable" only two weeks after a colleague was similarly 
held by US kualgratioa authorities in a case which led to 
nerce criticism of the Reagan Adm ini stration (Geoffrey 
Matthews writes). 

Olga Behar, a former national television newscaster 
here, was detained on her arrival in Miami on a flight from 
Spain on Sunday. Yesterday she was nnder virtaal house 
arrest in a local hotel, where US immigratiOB officers were 
placed on guard outside her room. 

Two weeks ago Patricia Lara, a journalist with the 
Bogota daily El Tiempo, was detained and subsequently 

French Poisoned 



Paris (AFP) - Fans* 
police have arrested a 
Yugoslav who controlled an 
army of gypsy children 
trained to relieve tourists of 
wallets and valuables. 

Alexander Pavlovic, 
aged 58, admitted that he 
had an agreement with 
youngsters of gypsy camps 
in the eastern Paris sub- 
urbs. Police found jewellery 
and inks of 11 different 
currencies at his home. 

The children crowd 
round tourists, with some 
jostling them to distract 
their attention while others 
snatch wallets and 

Oslo — Akersdv, Oslo’s 
answer to the Thames, has 
been poisoned and large 
numbers of fish killed, the 
Norwegian Institute for 
Water Research said (Tony 
Samstag writes). 

The Akerselv had been 
the object of a prolonged 
dean-np campaign, and the 
first of thousands of young 
salmon released into the 
river had begun to return as 

An accidental spillage at 
one of the factories operat- 
ing along the banks of the 
river may be responsible 
for the pollution, discov- 
ered at the weekend. 

Soldiers Divers 
accused killed 

Harare (AFP) — Two 
former soldiers in the 
Zimbabwean Army's 
notorious Fifth Brigade 
have been charged with 
murdering three - British 
tourists in the eastern 
mountain resort Of 

The bodies of Richard 
John Prankerd, aged 32, 
his sister, Nicola Jane 
Prankerd, aged 24, and a 
friend, Alison Jones, aged 
25. were found in August 
1^82. . 

Moscow (Renter) — Two 
Soviet divers were kilted 
searching for survivors 
from the liner Admiral 
Nakhimov, which sank in 
'the Black Sea with the loss 
of 398 people, Pravdu 

The divers were brought 
to the surface above fc 
wreck of the liner, which 
sank off the port of 
Novorossiysk after a col- 
lision with the cargo ship, 
Pyotr Vasev, but could not 

Shot admiral dies 

Lima (AFP) — Vice-Admiral Gertfrimo Cafferata, head 
of Peru's Industrial Bank, who was wounded toateronst 
attack almost two weeks ago, has died at a BattMore, 

MaryteML, hospital, where he had been flown m a coma. 

Blind guerrilla jailed 
for Briton’s murder 

Lod, Israel (Reuter) - An 
Israeli military court yes- 
terday jailed for life the blind 
leader of a Palestinian guer- 
rilla band found guilty of 
killing a British lourist, Paul 
Appleby, and _ an Israeli 
businesswoman in Arab East 
Jerusalem. . . 

Ala Edin al-Bazian, a^ed 28, 
was arrested on suspicion of 
headings seven-member guer- 
rilla band that shot Appleby 
dead last April near the 
Garden Tomb in Jerusalem, 
revered by some Christian 
groups as Jesus’ burial place. 

Gang members were also 
found guilty of wounding a 
West German and an Ameri- 
can tourist in other attacks. 

Mr al-Bazian lost his sight 
in a 1979 bombing attempt, 
jailed then for two years, he 
soon resumed his guerrilla 
activities and was imprisoned 

Airbus foresight saved 247 lives 

again in 1981 for kil&ng a 
German tourist 

He was among 1.150 con- 
victed guerrillas freedby Israel 
in a May 1985 prisoner ex- 
change for three Israeli sol- 
diers captured in Lebanon. 

Prosecutors said the jgroup 
belonged to a hardline faction 
of the Palestine Liberation 
Organization led by Abu 
Moussa. _ „ 

• HONG KONG: Four men 
pleaded not guilty yesterday to 
charges of raping and murder- 
ing a British teenager and 
killing her companion on a 
lonely Hong Kong hillside 
(Reuter reports). 

A fifth defendant has al- 
ready pleaded guilty to mur- 
der but not guilty to rape. 

The battered bodies of 
Nicola Myers, aged 18, and 
Kenneth McBride, aged 17, 
were found in April last year. 

By Harvey EUiott 

Air Correspondent 

A three-feet-square inspec- 
tion panel and a decision by 
Airbus Industrie to build three 
“fail-safe" hydraulic systems 
into their A-300 jets saved the 
lives of 247 people. 

The panel blew out of the 
tail of the Thai International 
jet high over Japan following 
an explosive decompression 
which injured more than 60 
passengers and left Airbus 
executives anxiously awaiting 
a full-scale report into the 
incident that could have 
turned into a major disaster. 

Had the panel not been built 
to enable engineers to. check 
the internal mechanism below 
the tailplane of the aircraft the 
rushing air could bave blown 
off the tail section and sent the 
jet plunging into the sea. 

And had the Airbus's de- 
signers not insisted on three 
completely separate and in- 
dependent hydraulic systems 
capable of controlling the jet's 
moving surfaces the pilot 
would have had no chance of 

As it was Flight 620 from 
; Manilla to Osaka in Japan 
landed safely. But many pas- 
sengers were bruised and bat- 
tered after being thrown 
around the cabin for 10 ter- 
rifying minutes. Several were 
in danger of being sucked out 
altogether and some fell 
through a hole in the floor into 
the cargo bay. 

Now Airbus is anxiously 
awaiting the first reports on 
the incident, which could have 
a serious effect on their future 
prospects of challenging the 
dominance of Boeing. 

First indications are that 
there was a catastrophic foil- 
ore in the rear pressure bulk- 
bead which holds in the 
pressurized ■ air in the main 
passenger cabin. A similar 
failure led directly to the crash 
of the Japan Amines Boeing 
747 last year, when the jet of 
high-pressure air literally blew 
off the tail fin and left the 
aircraft to career about the sky 
uncontrollably before hitting a 

The mystery of the Thai jet 

halt Sidon 

From Juan Carlos Gmnado 

It took gunmen of Mr 
Mustaja Saad's Popular Lib- 
eration Army to bring about a 
ceasefire in the hills east of 
Sidon yesterday. 

Mr Saad's militia — Sunni 
Muslims to a man — were 
probably the only ones who 
could arrange a truce after two 
days of heavy fighting between 
Palestinian guerrillas and Shia 
Muslim AmaJ forces. 

Even the Syrians were un- 
able to stop promptly the 
battles that followed the fnost 
forceful Palestinian offensive 
in south Lebanon in four 

The truce was brought 
about by .the Palestinians’ 
realization that they had 
gained a tactical victory, 
sealed by an agreement to 
hand over to Mr Saad's men 
four villages they bad cap- 

The latter are for better 
disposed towards the Palestin- 
ians than to AmaL something 
illustrated by the PLA’s de- 
cision to stop truckloads of 
ammunition from reac hin g ' 
Amal fighters. 

The PLA’s preferences were 
evident yesterday when PLA 
forces began moving into 
positions captured by the 
guerrillas from Amal in battles 
that raged since Saturday. 
Palestinian guerrillas escorted 
PLA officials as they toured 
the streets of the village of Em 

The camaraderie eclipsed 
the signs of the fragile nature 
of the truce and the men 
ignored the occassional artil- 
lery thuds 

Reports from Tyre said 33 
people were killed and more 
* than 100 injured in the Sidon 
area alone this month during 
the new outbreak of violence. 

New deal for Spain’s schools 

From Richard Wigg, Avila, Spain 

The head teacher goes to the 
classroom window, with its 
view of a Castilian village 
church, ploughed fields and 
hills in the far distance. _ 
“A reading book talking 
about skyscrapers or traffic 
lights is useless for ©ur 
children," he said. “We roust 
fit these children so that they 
can choose later whether they 
want to make their lives here 
or in the towns,” he explained. 

Seftor Jesus Garcia, aged 
29, a maths teacher and son of 
a rural OH Guard, has 
charge of Spain’s oldest 
educational experiment. 

It is a state primary and 
middle school with one or wo 
classrooms located in six di 

- .Iaihi tha mllnr 

of Ambles, wim 
rotating among a total oi iw 
children who elsewhere in 
Spain would all be bussed mto 
the nearest whan centre- 
Ambles, situated 10 miles 

from here, a^part^ofardonn 
programme by Schor Jose 
MaravaU, Spain's Edncabon 

Minister, designed to awl 
decades of neglect of rural 

schools. . . 

This autumn saw the begin- 
ning of a new school year and 

the first foil operation of the 
Socialist Government’s con- 
troversial Right to Education 
Law, known as Lode. 

Under the 1987 Education 
Ministry budget totalling 
601,500 million pesetas (more 
than £300 million), some £30 
millio n is planned to be spent 

on “compensation pro- 
grammes”, largely to benefit 
rural schools. 

A new decree will mean that 
the compulsory bussing start- 
ed by the Franco regime, when 
the rural exodus began from 
poor agricultural regi is like 

Castile, will stop if parents in a 
group of villages want to follow 
the Ambles experiment. 

For the first tune this year 
book s and teaching m ater ial 

have had to pay even in state 
schools, are free .®°™* 

200.000 children Bring m vfl- 
fw« or towns with less than 

10.000 inhabitants. 

Under Franco the private 
sector, often toy bodies dose to 
the Catholic dune®, re- 
sponded to an exploding de- 
mand and the country's popu- 
lation shifts. Socfa primary 
and secondary fodHues are 

concentrated hi the towns. 

Passengers on the stricken Thai International Airlines A 300 Airbus, some grimacing with fear, prepare for an emergency 
iaading after a mid-air explosion caused loss of cabin pressure. The photograph was taken by one of the passengers. 

is thai it was only three weeks know if this modification bulkhead exploded in flight 1)1 n plr rhIYY’ 
old, having been delivered weakened the structure in (David Wans writes). IJiAvIk l/UA 

old, having been delivered 
from Airbus on October 9. It 
had made just 45 flights and 
had been in the air for a total 
of 130 hours. 

It is possible that the bulk- 
head was itself damaged by 
something else, perhaps the 
failure of another part of the 
fuselage or even a bomb. But a 
large section of it was found to 
be missing when it was first 
inspKted, indicating that the 
concave bulkhead had split 

Now experts will want to 
subject the metal in the bulk- 
head to minute examination 
to see if there was a flaw in the 
particular batch from which h 
was made, and will also be 
looking closely at the fuselage 
near the rear of the aircraft. 

The version of the A 300 
involved - a series 600 — had 
pan of the rear fuselage re- 
moved, another section added 
in the centre and a tailplane 
for the later A3 10 built on. 

The experts will want to 

weakened the structure in 
some way and led to the near' 

Meanwhile, no special 
safety instructions were being 
issued to the three countries 
which operate that particular 
type of aircraft — Thailand. 
Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. 

• TOKYO: Since entering 
service the Thai plane had 

bulkhead exploded in flight 
(David Wans writes). 

The revelation that a bulk- 
bead failure was the cause of 
the incident is likely to put a 
brake on sales of the A 300 
family of airliners, which have 
recently been selling very well 
particularly in the United 

According to the Civil Avj- 

Xl v ili. uit. J utu indiiv imu — — — — - ' " 

apparently developed a series ation Bureau two-thirds of the 
of pressurization problems rear bulkhead was blown out 
and it is now clear that the with the force of the explosion 



BuHchoad raptures I 

[Passengers sucked 
into cargo hold 

Pressurised air 
rashes Into 
tail section 


w# Blows off 
inspection hatch 

sent to US 

Karachi (Reuter) — The 
flight recorder from the Paki- 
stani airliner which crashed 
near Peshawar on Thursday 
killing 13 people will be sent to 
the United States for analysis, 
aviation sources said yester- 

Pakistan's Civil Aviation 
Authority has contacted the 
US National Transport Safety 
Board for assistance, they 

The Pakistan International 
Airways Fokker Friendship 
F 27 was carrying 54 people 
when it ploughed into a field 
about six miles short of the 
airport at Peshawar, near the 
Afghan border. 

Twenty -eight people were 
taken to hospital, but 13 
emerged almost completely 
unscathed. The cause of the 
accident is unknown. 

to work 

From Mario Modiano 

Two conservative poli- 
ticians, who managed to wrest 
control of important cities 
from their Socialist mayors in 
the Greek local elections, 
vowed to pursue policies of 
collaboration rather than 
confrontation with the Social- 
ist Government. 

Mr Miltos Evert and Mr 
Andreas Andrianopoulos, 
mayors-elect of Athens and 
Piraeus respectively, told a 
joint press conference that 
they were willing to work with 
the Government to improve 
conditions in the two cities. 

Unveiling what they de- 
scribed as their “new 
philosophy" of moderation 
and consensus, Mr Evert an- 
nounced he would appoint 
deputy mayors from all the 

rival camps, including the 
Socialists and Communists. 

Final results of the local 
elections showed that al- 
though the Socialists main- 
tained first position their 
losses had been substantial. 

In 1982, government- 
backed candidates won 167 
out of 276 municipalities. In 
1986, with the total number of 
municipalities at 303, they 
carried only 146, losing more 
than one-fifth of their share. 

Conservative mayors con- 
trolled 49 cities in 1982 com- 
pared with 78 last week - a 46 
percent gain. The Communist 
Party increased its share from 
43 to 53 cities. Out of 51 
provincial capitals 31 elected 
Socialist mayors — a loss of 
five — while 13 (including the 
three biggest) opted for 
conservatives and five for 

The Socialists were also 
ahead in 3,000 of the 5J00 
villages, having lost some 500 
communes to the conser- 
vatives, who hold 2,000. 

This year 55 million chil- 
dren wiD receive primary or 
middle schooling, with 36 per 
cent of them going to s chooto 
privately ran bat often subsi- 
dized up to 106 per cent by the 
Education Ministry. 

Some 145,000 million pe- 
setas of next year’s education 
budget will go to subsidize' 
these privately-run schools, 
with Sedor Mara vail empha- 
sizing an increase of 20,000 
million pesetas to offset infla- 
tion and improve teachers' 

The controversy over the 
Lode centres around the in- 
creased control the Govera- 
ment is iwltmg over the private 
sector and over school coun- 
cils, on which parents, teach- 

children are represent ed, an d 
which also began this autumn. 

The private school organ- 
izations and many middle- 
Hflfcg parents regard this as 
political inte rf erence. Some of 
the best known private schools 
are opting oat of the system, 
but the rest are keenly aware 
that few Spanish parents are 
wUfing, or able, to make the 
sacrifices needed to go fee- 




ft was February last year when I fell 
over. I’ve got arthritis, you see, and 
its difficult to bend down l dropped 
a tin of beans and fell trying to pick it up. 

Of course, then I couldn’t get up. It was 
just me and the beans, stuck there on 
the floor?’ 

In Britain, (89,000 old people 
can’t get in and out of bed without 
help. 695,000 can’t cope with stairs. 
1,056,000 can’t walk without help. One 
household in seven is inhabited by an old 
person living alone. 

The consequences of frailty can be 

A five inch kerbstone; turning a key; 
a patch of uneven ground; for old people, 
the ability to manage everyday obstacles 
like these can easily make the difference 
between living at home, or not. 

Help the Aged funds Day Hospitals 
where people like Eric can receive the 
individual therapy to give them the ability 
and the confidence to retain their precious 

After treatment to improve balance 
and co-ordination, including practice in 
bending down and picking the ball from 
one bucket to another, he was confident 
enough to go home. 


Except that they were able to 
help further. By tightly wrapping 
string round it to thicken the handle, Eric 
can now hold a saucepan, so he can eat hot 
food again. 

The entire quality of life for millions of 
old people depends upon simple, practical 
measures like those the Day Hospital 

In addition Help the Aged supports 
Day Centres, helps fund minibuses, 
provides emergency alarm systems and 
supports hundreds of other projects to 
combat the loneliness, isolation and frailty 
that so many people suffer, just because 
they’re old. 

To find out more about our work, or 
to send a donation, please write to: 

Help the Aged, Freepost | 

62648, 1 St James’s VNfelk, \ ^5?%^ 
London ECIB IB P. ^ 

Help the Aged 



' - / 



ig crisis an jaias 

The French Justice Minister 
yesterday announced plans 10 
release between 5.000 and 
8.000 prisoners before the end 
of the year as an emergency 
measure to help reduce the 
pressure in the grossly-over- 
crowded prisons while await- 
ing the construction of the 

country's first private prisons. 

France's prison population 
has risen to a record 47.000 in 
a system designed to hold a 
maximum of 32-000. Many 
Prisoners are crammed three 
or even four to a cell intended 
for just one person. The prison 
authorities have long feared 
an explosion. 

M Albert Chalandon. the 
Justice Minister, said yes- 
terday that he ■'hated" the idea 
of a collective presidential 
pardon, which would be re- 
quired to free the prisoners, 
but no other solution seemed 

“On the basis of the present 
budget, it would require t>7 
years to adapt the capacity of 
the prisons to the crime rate: 
even with my new budget for 
next year, it would take 20 
years," he said. 

“1 know this decision will be 
viewed badly by the public, 
but for the past 15 years we 
have not managed io adapt 
our prison system to the rise in 
crime. I have launched an 

From Diana Geddes. Paris 

emergency programme to 
build an additional 5.000 
places, but ih 2 t may not be 
enough ... We arc in an 
interim situation before my 
Bill ton private prisons) is 

But, in a curious semi- 
denial of what had been 
announced by a senior Justice 
official at a press breakfast 
yesterday, and apparently- 
confirmed by M Chalandon 
on television at midday the 
Justice Ministry insisted Tn a 
statement later that no mea- 
sure involving the mass libera- 
tion of prisoners was "being 
studied at present", and that 
in consequence all such com- 
ments were “premature”. 

Soonjifter M Chalandon 
took office after the right's 
return to power last March, he 
announced his intention to 
follow the American example 
of creating private prisons to 
supplement the public system. 
The final touches are now 
being pul to his Bill, which 
envisages the creation "of 
25.000 places in 60-70 private 
prisons over the next four 

The Government expects to 
pay the private establishments 
around 300 francs (£32) a day 
for each prisoner, who would 
be held under exactly the same 
conditions as in public jails. 

Prison staff would be pri- 
vately employed, but would be 
subject to the same conditions 
of service as in the public 
sector, including a total ban on 
strike action. 

Although the cost oflooking 
after a prisoner in public 
prisons is substantially lower 
— 170 francs a day — the 
Government considers that 
the estimated 400.000 francs 
cost of building each new 
prison place in the public 
sector has become prohibitive. 
Hence its decision to turn to 
the private sector. 

The former Socialist Justice 
Minister. M Robert Badinter. 
had already sounded a note of 
alarm Iasi year, when he 
complained that France had 
the lowest prison expenditure 
as a proportion of national 
wealth of any European coun- 

“The prison situation is a 
constant source of anxiety and 
humiliation io me.” he said in 
a press interview. 

In July last year. M Badinter 
look a similar measure to that 
now proposed by M Cha- 
landon. when he reduced all 
prison sentences by one 
month apart from those being 
served for certain serious 
crimes. This resulted in the 
early release of 2.763 pr- 

Israeli troops in chemical warfare equipment on a training exercise on the Golan Heignis. 

Syrians lure Swedish tourists 

From Christopher Mosey 

As Sweden's long. cold, 
dark winter starts to set in. the 
country's 8.3 million citizens 
are being olTered a new "get 
away from it all" tourist goal, 
a land of sunshine and 
unspoilt beaches: Syria. 

The "come to sunny Syria” 
campaign is being launched in 
Sweden despite Britain's 
moves to isolate the country 
as a base for international 

terrorism following revela- 
tions at the Hindawi trial in 

Next month 70 Swedish 
celebrities, journalists, travel 
agents and, . curiously, two 
doctors and two priests will be 
flowm on an all-e.\penscs-paid 
trip to Damascus, staying at a 
first class hotel. They will be 
taken on trips to beauty spots 
and places of historic interest, 
in the hope that they will 
eulogize the wonders of the 

place upon returning to 

Mr Christer Persson. a dip- 
lomat at the Swedish Foreign 
Ministry, said the party would 
be given no special advice 
before the trip. 

“Sweden has normal dip- 
lomatic relations with Syria. 
,he sja id. "These are private 
people, representing private 
interests and the Swedish 
Government has no right to 
tell them what to do." 


Egypt’s population explostojj 

IMF stand-1 

leayes economic 
crisis unresolved 

From Robert Fisk, Cairo 

With the first national cen- have more children^ not « 
sos in 10 years likely to show 
another remarkable increase 
in the country's population. 

Egypt is relying on the Inter- 
national Monetary Fund 
(IMF) to provide it with 
farther huge loans to offset 
.crippling foreign debts stand- 
ing at S3 billion (£2.1 million) 
this vear alone. 

IMF officials began talks 
with Egyptian ministers here 
on Saturday and have let it be 
known that the country's re- 
quest for stand-by credit is 
likely to be granted because of 
improvements in its economic 

If the IMF can take comfort 
from rerent Customs reforms 
and a half-promise from min- 
isters in Cairo to apply a free 
market exchange rate to the 
Egyptian pound, there can be 
no long-term optimism about 
the country's near hopeless 

Egypt's inhabitants, hith- 
erto estimated at around 50 
million, are now believed to 
number at least 51 million and 
some officials in the Central 
Agency for Public Mobiliza- 
tion and Statistics fear that the 
true figure after the national 
census on November 17 could 
be nearer 52 million. 

Whatever steps the Egyp- 
tian Government takes, there- 
fore, to support its finances, 
which have already been dam- 
aged bv a military debt to the 
US or S4.5 billion, the fertility 
of the population and the 
virtual failure of a 20-year 
family planning programme 
mean that the country still 
faces bottomless economic 

A million Egyptians were 
-born during the past nine 
.months, a birthrate which will 
produce a population of 70 
milli on by the year 2000. 

A propaganda campaign by 
the famil y planning organiza- 
tion in Egypt proved a lamen- 
table failure. 

A television advertisement, 
which showed a father in his 
living room being gradually 
overwhelmed by the sheer 
weight of his children, created 
such hatred in rural parts of 
Egypt it was banned by 
broadcasting authorities. 

Few people in Egypt have a earned money and within five 
more acute awareness of the or six years, 60 per cent 
problem than Dr Aziz el- females in the village were 
Bendarv, who was bead of the family planners. The way to 
family planning organiation change the population growth 
j for 13 years until he resigned is to concentrate on rural 
to become an adviser on social Egypt and to develop it as 
affairs to the Prime Minister quickly as possible." 
fa 1994. Botlslamic radicals have 

“When you come from condemned some family plan- 
Europe and ask an Egyptian ning projects, claiming that 




however 5 ^** 

, Five Star 
always ready for you \v 
You can withdraw upT 
or £ 1 5 .000 by cheque at any? 
branch wherever you are 

Anythin? that r.^ps c;3t 
enough to prevent sen : us illrc 
:' 2 lists and p=i:A"i alike 
5ICCF5 ao t u .,i and : 
advar-e in dsagnosti: .roaow 
th-s ne.v system can ■ - at 
varier.- of sno les thar- r.~ da: 
are ore=V i-fiDOved dua -o. 

hioh r-scruiicn image i”trh'-' 

But rr . are's more to 5!C - 
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be cstit J c u'i :•■. :he •'.-Ray 053 

Stay .m n.;-:pi!T.i ;£ jyamsfCcl' 

.nose “ear: disease early 
;os. .'.eicome. For hear: 

nor a. because it's a maior 
re.-eiroed o..- Siemens. 

' r. : ': :n:re. images 
s ~ sms? nation 
sartcdioiti. television 

‘cd d'e.j'i i sij •'•S'.'.eii 

r.e-.t. »!l ir =ii patients' 

L ":j:eo. ar.q m ?pme 

Siemens is one of the world's largest and most 
■sc-vativ* electrical and electronics companies. Here in 
the UK we employ around 3000 people in Research & 
Development, Manufacturing. Engineering, Service and 
other :usiom~r related activities. 

Siemens technology' embraces computer and 
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Windmill Read. Sun tury-on -Thames 
Middlesex TWi 5 ~H$ 

Telephone: 0932 735*31 

incvsiion • technology • Quality : 

he should have less. . 

There are some signs o- 
hope. Egypt * — * ^ 
reflects the society of 
torian England, with the lar^ 
est families among the 
poor and the very rich. The 
artisan class - "those who 
strive and sweat for their 
bread," as Dr e^Bendary pats 
it — are controlling the size of 
their families. 

The working-class Cairo 
suburb of Chubra. a place of 
Dickensian tenements, raMn- 
fested alleyways and 5 h»- 
kbanovite factories, now 
produces families with an 
average of between 1-5- mid 
1.7 children per married 

couple. _ . 

And while Cairo is now 
bursting at the seams, its 
slams overcrowded, its grave- 
yards providing homes for the 
poor, it remains a fact that the 
rate of migration to the capital 
from the country is higher 
than the dty’s birth rate. Of 
Cairo's 4.5 per cent annual 
increase in population, 2. 5 per 
cent is made up of the rural 
poor who flock there. 

“You have to concentrate on 
the country," Dr el- Bendary 
savs. “There are two schools 
of thought. Yon can put your 
energy into expensive propa- 
ganda campaigns ami in lavish 
sopplies of contraceptives to 
limit families. Or — and this is 
my choice - you can lay down 
a foundation for change. One 
of the catastrophes of Egypt »* 
the still prevailing rate of 
illiteracy which is between 40 
per cent and 50 per cent for 
men and 90 per rent for 

“The more the women of 
Egypt are educated, the more 
they will be engaged in the 
active labour force. They will 
earn their own income and 
(hey will feel the need for 
limiting their family." 

In the early 1970s Dr el- 
Bendary started a unique 
project. He went to a remote 
and backward Egyptian vil- 
lage called Badr and set up a 
garment factory, educating, 
training and employing the 
women in the village. 

“The project was econom- 
ically sound, the women 

why he has so many children, 
you are confusing two value 
systems. The Egyptian will 
want to know why yon don t 

they are funded by the US 
which wants to “weaken the 
strength of Mas lints against 
US imperialism". 

go to wall 
in Houston 

From Paul Vallely 

Texas finance houses fore- 
closed on more than 4,000 
family homes in the city of 
Houston and its environs in 
the first week of this month; it 
was a record and yet another 
indication of the severity of 
the localized recession from 
which the American oil econ- 
omy continues to suffer. 

In addition the area re- 
corded an unprecedented 
number of bankruptcies this 
month, the number of insur- 
ance companies which went 
bust also reached a Tecord high 
and a survey announced that a 
quarter of the industry’s most 
senior geologists were now out 
of work. 

Of the 4.300 properties 
posted for foreclosure 2,500 
were repossessed. Between 80 
per cent and 90 per cent of 
these were private homes 
whose occupants became 

The slump means that 
many homes auctioned this 
month went for less than the 
debt outstanding on them. 

Most of the 93 insurance 
companies now in receiver- 
ship failed after writing pre- 
miums at low levels in the 
expectation of reinvesting at 
high, boom-yeare interest 

The Texan oil industry has 
24 per cent of its senior 
research and exploration now 
looking for work, according to 
the American Association of 
Petroleum Geologists. 

The percentage for junior 
geologists is even higher, and 
.American dependence upon 
oil imports has risen from 29 
per cent in January to 43 per 
cent in September. 

Unemployment is at the 
highest level ever measured in 
other industries, too. Local 
radio stations are dominated 
by adverts for firms which will 
teach redundant executives 
how to apply for new jobs or 
firms which deal in the 
preparation of curricula vitae. 

Bankruptcies have become 
so routine that unless they 
involve something as sensa- 
tional as the insolvency of the 
flagship business of the illus- 
trious Hunt family, as hap- 
pened last month, the local 
newspaper mentions them 
only in a regular list of who 
has gone to the wall that day. 




















Moscow (AFP) — Two in- 
terior Ministry officials have 
been punished and security 
measures toughened in the 
restricted zone around 
Chernobyl, after reports that 
some evacuated homes had 
been IqptecL Pravda reported 

The officials, identified as 
Mr V. Skopich. responsible for 
the Chernobyl area, and Mr V. 
Bovsulovski, for Kiev, were 

Pravda said proceedings 
had been started against peo- 
ple who bad entered the 
restricted zone without per- 
mission, and police patrols 
had been stepped up. 

Polar bid 

Christchurch (Reuter) — A 
Norwegian explorer. Monica 
Krisiensen, has left on an 
Antarctic expedition, hoping 
to become the first woman to 
reach the SouLh Pole on foot. 

Iraq curbs 

• Baghdad (Reuter) — Iraq 
announced tough new mea- 
sures to curb corruption, with 
penalties of up to life 
imprisonment for government 
employees who accept bribes. 

Death penalty 

Kuala Lumpur (AFP) — A 
Thai salesman has been sen- 
tenced to death for illegal 
possession of a revolver and 

14 executed 

Lagos (Reuter) — Fourteen 
people were publicly executed 
by firing squad for armed 
robbery in Bendei state of 
southern Nigeria, the News 
Agency of Nigeria reported. 

Heroin haul 

Madrid — The municipal 
police chief in the Mediterra- 
nean town of Vilanova. south 
of Barcelona, has been ar- 
rested as he was about to cross 
Spain's road frontier into 
France in possession of more 
than I lb of heroin. 

Chess team 

Moscow (AP) — World 
champions Garni Kasparov 
and Maya Chiburdanidzc will 
lead a powerful Soviet team at 
the World Chess Olympiad in 
Dubai. Tass reported 





* IV 



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ifc( rmni v'* m »\ n, .., .. 

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fft _«•» 


77? be, or not to be: that is the question.- 
/ Whether 'tis nobfer in the mind to suffer 

/ Whether 'tis nobier in themincfto suffer 
7he stings and arrows of outrageous fortune. 

Or to take arms against a sea oftroubtes. 

And by opposing end them? To die: to sfeep; 

No more; and, by a sfeep to say we end 
The heart-ache and the thousand natural shocks 

That flesh is heir to, 'tis a consummation 
Devoutfytobewtoh'd. To die, to sfeep; 

To sfeep: perchance to dream: ay, there's therub; 
fiorm that sfeep of death what dreams may come 
Wren we have shuffled off this mortal coif. 

Must give us pause. There's the respect 
That makes catomflyofso tong fife; 
for who wou/dbear the whips and scorns of tune. 
The oppressor's wrong, the proud man's contumely. 
The pangs of ctisprz'dtove, the tow's detoy 
The insofence of office, and the spurns 
That patient merit of the unworthy takes, 

When he himseff might his quietus make 
With a bare bodkin? who woufd tordefs bear, 

To grunt and sweat under a weary fife. 

But that the dread of something after death. 

The undiscover'd country flum whose bourn 
No travef/er returns, pozzies the wfff. 

And makes us rather bear those tits we have 

Than fly to others that we know not of? 

Thus conscience does make cowards of us aft 
And thus the native hue ofresofuiton 

to stokfledo 'er with the pate cast of drought. 
And enterprises of great pith and moment 
With this regard their currents turn awry. 
And fuse the name of action. 

John Dodds whizzes through Hamlefs soliloquy in a record 30 seconds. Epson’s new printer, the LQ2500, does it in just 13. Speech! Speech! 


If you want to know more, dial 100 for Freefone Epson. Forsooth. 


OVCXlor- . 


overseas news/law 

From Stephen Taylor 

For a politician who is said 
to lv on his Iasi legs. Sir 
Johannes Bjelke-Pefersen. 
aged 7i>. peanut farmer. fanati- 
cal aviaior. la > -preacher and 
self-confessed “ fascist dictator 
of Queensland" looks In good 

_ The Premier of Australia’s 
Deep \'onh" was in panic u- 
lar l> _ fine form yesterday, 
failing the barbed deliveries 
r| .T e P°ners with a panache 

gdlv Jacking in the detected 
^“^land cricketers who were 

, encoders who were 

ar ik® “ um bled dow n the road 
Wo °honPnbba Ool. 
dunki ^ al Sir Juh. the most 
wl? 3nd idiosyncratic of 
oui Ir\ a . n poliiicans. is wit’n- 










out nT'u." poblicans. is w 

Far from u: an 
caniJSSf? Ma,c election 
alieS^as given rise (o 
which one administration. 
18 \v.- ar «- could end 

But, ,n Queensland, 
bitch sh.^? 16 °P‘ n >on polls 
N K)onal pT m Sl i pp,:,rl for his 
«nu Sir irthl, do * n 10 -b Per 
}nai QueensS^i' asserted 
'■•appv w U h a i a ^ e rs were 
s‘.n;sh»or*Jri B hrjn «t and 
A-d hS^'eramenr. 


for rights 
it Pakistan 

:■ ^ jpr? 


Sir Job: Reacting coolly 
under fire. 

$145,000” labour £55.000). he 
went on yesterday to suggest 
that the Opposition was in 
some way corrupi by being 
sympathetic to the ’“poker 
machine lobby" which wanted 
to import the kind of criminal 
activity common "down 

Other probing questions arc 
being asked and not being 
answered: about an out-of- 
court payment totalling 
$ AusdOO.OOO to Sir Joh by Mr 
Alan Bond, the businessman 
who is an important investor 
in Queensland, to settle a libel 
action privately; and about 
gem nundervd new political 

boundaries which mean that a 
party which won outright 
parliamentary control in |9g3 
with 39 per cent of the vote 
(compared with 44 lor Labor) 
now needs only 56 per cent to 
retain it. 

Sir Joh's decline in opinion 
polls (for the first time since 
coming to power a majority 
disappro'e of his performance 
as Premier) has been reflected 
in his own party. 

Accusations of cronyism, 
involving patronage and 
favouritism, which ha*e been 
routinely made by the opposi- 
tion parties, were taken up last 
week by Sir Roderick Proctor, 
a senior National Party of- 
ficial. who admitted that the 
allegations had foundation. 
He said that in a number of 
instances the tendering pro- 
cess had been no more than a 

i he liming could noi have 
been worse. The same conser- 
vative voters, many of them 
European migrants, who were 
Sir Joh’s mam instrument in 
keeping at bay the “socialism” 
represented by the Hawke 
Government in Canberra, are 
now wondering whether their 
trust may have been mis- 

But the Premier has a'- 
sponded by campaigning 
harder than ever. 



Law Report October 28 1 986 

Evidence of video recordin; 
admissible without the tape 

The 18-month-old Peruvian baby. Agneta. reunited with her 
aunt after being released by the Swedish police. 







From Hasan Akhtar 



; minorities, wo- 
- ’onhcal opponents 
pr: "v‘inal victims of 
r; i*w> v iolations in 
'• - vcr.icrencc in La- 
> -'id a: the weekend, 
b-man rights con- 
to set up 
. : inoliMing Mr Dor- 
- lomcr Supreme 
r \ io monitor and 
■-man rights 



.'•a- the twodav 
- vised the Gov 
•• >wtng viola 
-an rights of 
_, e of the 
■. :• m its zeal 
. ■■■ .‘auon 
.'than 9b 
. ' ■..-’ton are 

n rv 



■ini.r-. .. 

A S'-. m . ... .. 
ucre r „ :." __' V 

ihm o' An 

Som.. -r .. 

siaai fr r; £, 

2! SO . 

d: scrim r^"': : s:-. ’ ’ ' o - -er 


. mal 


Dhaka - Eight children 
have died of starvation in the 
past two weeks in northern 
Bangladesh, and about 200 
people suffering from mal- 
nutrition axe reporting daily at 
local hospitals as a result of an 
acute food shortage, the Ben- 
fcali-language daily. San^bad, 
reports (.Ahmed Fazl writes). 

Government officials de- 
tued any deaths from starva- 
tion. but said that there were 
cases of malnutrition follow- 

ing harvest failure and floods. 

The newspaper, quoting a 
local voluntary organization. 
Chhinno Mukul. said that an 
estimated 3.000 malnourished 
children were being housed in 
12 emergency feeding centres 
in Kurigram disiricL 

Opposition parties have 
called on the Government to 
declare the district, which has 
a population of 1.3 million, a 
famine-stricken area. 

arrest in terrorism raid 

From Christopher Mosey, Stockholm 

Swedish police yesterdav 
defended as "common sense” 
the arrest of an 1 8-mor.lh-old 
baby , daughter cf a suspected 
Peruvian terrorist. 

Twenty police wearing bul- 
letproof vests. riot helmets 
and gas masks and carrying 
sub-machine guns took the 
child from relatives with 
whom she had been left when 
her parents went underground 
to avoid deportation. 

After a storm of protest at 
the weekend the child was on 
Sunday night taken from the 
childrens’ home where she 
hjd been placed for r*o days 
and relumed to her relatives. 

Superintendent Jan Hariov. 
Chief of Police at Jakobsberg. 
the Stockholm suburb where 
the incident occurred, said 
yesterday: “It was pure com- 
mon sense to take the child 

into custody. The deportation 
order is for the whole family. 
We were just following the 

Superintendent Karin 
Ewald, of the Stockholm pol- 
ice. said the baby was held 
because police believed the 
parents would be taken into 
custody soon afterwards. 

The arrest was part of 3 
crackdown on suspected ter- 
rorists in Sweden. 

The baby's father, a sus- 
pected member or supporter 
of Sendero Luminoso (Shin- 
ing Pathi. the Peruvian guer- 
rilla movement, has been 
refused political asylum in 

A spokesman for the Im- 
migration Ministry said yes- 
terday that the deportations of 
all the Peruvians, including 
the baby, would go ahead as 
soon as possible. 


it overtures 

From Neil Kelly 


“When die head moves the 
toil wag*,’; said the Thai 
Foreign Ministry official. He 
was referring to the con- 
sequences of the Soviet 
town's recent call for closer 
lies with Asia, and the 
possibility that it might pro- 
duce better relations between 
Thailand and the cornmnnisl 
countries of South-East Asia. 

Since a speech by Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov, the Sov- 
iet leader, in \Tadivostok three 
months ago there has been a 
flurry of diplomatic activity in 
South-East Asia, highlighted 
by requests from Vietnam and 
Laos for better relations with 
Thailand despite deep dif- 
ferences over Vietnam's policy 
<>n Cambodia. 

I hat responses are cautious, 
a% officials generally play 

•»n in public the possibility 


or' any improvement, but there 
: - considerable body of 
opinion among Thai political 

groups, academics, business- 
men and even tbe military, for 
a more pragmatic policy to- 
wards the communist states. 

According to those views 
Thailand arid Vietnam need to 
learn to live together, and 
Bangkok must come to accept 
that Cambodia will be a client 
state of Hanoi for the foresee- 
able future. 

The Government is also 
under strong pressure to open 
up trade with the three coun- 
tries so that Thailand can 
regain important export mar- 
kets lost to other countries. It 
is pointed out that Singapore 
benefits most from trans-ship- 
ping Thai products to Viet- 
nam. Thailand’s own trade 
difficulties, with the protection 
and subsidy measures of the 
US, the EEC and Japan, add 
to that pressure. 

Dr Thanat Khontan. the 
Foreign Minister in several 
military governments, recently 
told tbe Thai Parliament's 
foreign relations committee 
that trade with Vietnam. Laos 

and Cambodia should be 
boosted, as the present policy 
reflected Thai fear and lack of 
self-confidence and self-es- 
teem. “We sell them the things 
they want, not our souls." he 

Vietnam's ceed for eco- 
nomic changes appears even 
mure urgent. Mr Truong 
Chinh. the party leader and 
President, has said that Soviet 
aid, thought to be at least Si 
billion 1&S9 million) a year, 
was being squandered because 
of mismanagement and cor- 
ruption inside the puny, and 
consequently Moscow might 
cat off further aid. 

This bleak report is seen in 
Bangkok as another reason f->r 
Hanoi's new overtures. Mr Vo 
Dong Gian", a foreign affairs 
specialist and Minister with- 
out Portfolio, came to 
kok lust w^k. saying that 
Vietnam was ready u be 
friends , . . ... 

Altnocgh Thai ana Viet- 
namese forces have just fought 
a month-long hanie for 2 

strategic hill on the Thai- 
Cambodian border. Mr Giang 
arranged a meeting with Mr 
Prapass Limpabaudhu, the 
deputy Foreign Minister, and 
was able ta say they had 
covered “new elements". 

Reliable sources disclosed 
that Vietnam is now willing to 
concede that Thailand has 
legitimate interests in the 
outcome of the Cambodian 

At the same time the Viet- 
namese minister assured the 
Thais that there would be no 
military offensive along tbe 
Camboilian border in the 
forthcoming dry season unless 
the anti-Vietnamese guerrillas 
re-established military bases 

Conimenting on these dev- 
elopments and on the attitude 
of tbe Vietnamese Govern- 
ment. Mr Assada Chaiya- 
mana. who has just completed 
his term as Thai Ambassador 
in Hanoi said “the at- 
mosphere is now excellent" to 
improve ties. 

Taylor v Chief Constable of 

Before LonJ Justice Ralph Gib- 
son and Mr Justice McNeill 
[Judgment October 27J 

Failure 10 produce in court an 
original video recording which 
purported to show a person 
committing an offence, did not 
render evidence of the contents 
of ihai v ideo recording inadmis- 

The Queen’s Bench Di- 
visional Court so held dismiss- 
ing an appeal by way or case 
slated by the dclendani. Doug- 
las Andrew Taylor, who was 
found guilty or an offence under 
(he Theft Act (968 on rhe basis 
of evidence of two police offi- 
cers from what they nad seen on 
a video recording. 

Mr Timothy A. R. King for 
the appellant: Miss Jane Hay- 
ward for the prosecutor. 

GIBSON said that the informa- 
tion alleged that tile appellant 
stole a packet of Duracell bat- 
teries. the property of W. H. 
Smith Lid. contrary to section I 
of the Theft Act 1968. 

The evidence for the prosecu- 
tion rested in part upon what 
witnesses had seen on a video 
recording. At Inal copies of that 
recording were not available 
before the justices. 

Objection was taken that 
evidence tended by the prosecu- 
tion was not admissible. The 
justices made a preliminary 
ruling that the evidence was 

The objection taken to the 
admissibility of the 
prosecution’s evidence was that 

although the video recording 
use If was admissible, the ev- 
idence of ihc police officers was 
inadmissible, the reason being 
that thev were not giving ev- 
idence of what they saw directly. 

The submissions made by Mr 
King on behalf of the appellant 
were that without production ol 
the original recording or an 
approved copy, no evidence 
could be given by any witness ol 
what be saw. because that would 
be hearsay. Where evidence was 
given of the original recording, 
evidence could be given to 
supplement it. 

His Lordship was unable to 
accept that submission. Ev- 
idence tended was not inadmis- 
sible in law by reference to the 
hearsay rule alone. 

Tbe prosecution submitted 
that evidence by witnesses ol 
what they saw in the video 
recording was not different in 
principle from evidenoe from 
witnesses of what they saw in 
direct vision. 

His Lordship accepted that 
submission and said that he 
could see no effective distinc- 
tion between the direct view ol 
the police officers of the in- 
cident. and the viewing of the 
officers of the video display, or 
of a recording of what was 

He who saw described what 
he saw because it was relevant 
evidence provided that it was 
sufficiently conecied in lime 
and place with the incident in 

The evidence ofa witness who 
saw that display on the recorder 
did not diner from that of a 
witness who saw the event from 
a particular position. 

In either case the weight and 
reliability of the e* idcnce would 
depend on the assessment -of all 
relevant considerations includ- 
ing clarity and length of obser- 
vance and the witness’ prior 
knowledge of the person said to 
be identified. 

Where there was a video 
recording the witness had the 
opportunity to study again and 
again what might have been a 
fleeting glimpse and when the 
recording was shown to the 
court his evidence and his 
increased confidence could be 
assessed in the light ot what the 
court could itself sec. 

When the film could not be 
seen, the court had to hesitate 
and consider very carefully in- 
deed whether it was sure ofguilL 
but if it was sure, there was no 
reason why it should not con- 

agreeing, said that where the 
identification of an offender 
depended wholly or in major 
pan on the evidence of a witness 
describing what be saw on a 
video display unit conurmpora- 
neously with the incident or 
from a* copy recorded from the 
display, whether or not that 
copy was to be seen by the court, 
that was necessarily subject to 
the principles laid down infiv 
Turnbull <U977j QB 224) 
concerning identification and 
juries would be direcied and 
justices had to direct themselves 
in accordance with that 

Solicitors: Byrne Frodsham & 
Co. W id ness: Crown Prosecut- 
ing Solicitor, Chester. 

Licensed taxi parked unlawfully 
on hackney carriage stand 

Rodgers v Taylor 
Before Lord Justice Ralph Gib- 
son and Mr Justice McNeill 
(Judgment October 23] 

An offence was committed 
under section 5t I ) of the Road 
Traffic Regulation Act 1984 and 
the exemption provided by 
article 51 1 NO of the City of 
Gloucester (Easigate Street) 
(Waiting Regulation) Order 
]Qg2 was inapplicable where a 
licensed hackney carriage was 
waiting at an authorized hack- 
ney carriage stand for purposes 
other than of operating as a 
hackney carriage. 

The Queen’s Bench Di- 
visional Court so held in 
dismissing an appeal by the 
defcndanL Charles Duncan 
Rodgers, by way of case stated 
against the dismissal at Glouces- 
ter Crown Court (Judge Bulger 
sitting with justices) on March 
24. 1986 of his appeal against 
conviction by Edmonton Jus- 
tices on November 15. 1985 for 
an offence in breach of section 
Si 1 ) of the 1 984 Act and article 
5(11 of the 1982 Order. 

The 1982 Order provides, by- 
article 5: “(1 ) Nothing in articles 
3 and 4 of this Order shall 
render it unlawful to cause or 
permit any vehicle to wait on 
the sides of lengths of road 
referred to therein for so long as 
may be necessary to enable . . . 
(cl If the vehicle is a licensed 
hacknev carriage, to wait at an 
authorized hackney carnage 
stand, during the period of lime 
for which the stand is au- 
thorized to operate . . 

Miss Frances Judd for the 
defendant: Mr Philip Gillibrand 
for the prosecutor. 

that the defendant’s minibus, 
which was a licensed hackney 
carriage, was left locked and 

unattended for a period of 
approximately one hour at an 
authorized hackney carriage 
stand in Eastgate Street. 

The question was whether the 
defendant while he was not 
piving for hire, was entided to 
th’c benefit of the exemption 
provided by article 5( 1 MO of the 
1982 Order from the provisions 
of article 3. 

The only sensible construc- 
tion of article 51 1 He) was that 
the exemption should extend for 
so long as might be necessary 10 
enable the vehicle to wait at an 
authorized stand tor the pur- 
poses of operating as a licensed 

hackney carriage. That did not 
give a hackney carriage driver a 
licence to wail for any purpose 
for any length of time. 

Paragraph (c| of article 51 U 
would have been better drafted 
had it begun: “the vehicle, if it is 
a licensed hackney carriage 
. . Then it would have been 
consistent with paragraphs ibl 
(d) and (e) of article 5( 1 >. 

The appeal would be dis- 

Lord Justice Ralph Gibson 

Solicitors: Scon & Fowler. 
Gloucester; Mr R. A. Pricken. 

Proving intention 

Regina v Williams (Clarence 

At the trial of a defendant 
charged with making a threat to 
kilL contrary to section 1 6 of the 
Offences against the Person Act 
1861, evidence of previous his- 
tory was admissible in the 
judge's discretion as tending to 
prove that the defendant in- 
tended his words to be taken 

The Court of Appeal (Crim- 
inal Division) (Lord Justice 
J^arker. Mr Justice Hodgson and 
Mr Justice Macpherson) so held 
on October (7 when giving 
reasons for dismissing an appeal 
on October 6 by Clarence Ivor 
Williams against his conviction 
on May 12. 1986 at Kingston 
upon Thames Crown Court 
(Judge Gibbens and a jury). 

said that the court’s attention 
had been drawn to R v Berry 
( The Times February 7, 1986) in 

which R r Boll 1(191 1] AC 47) 
was referred to as “dubious 

Accordingly their Lordships 
had re-examined Ball in the 
light of the authorities. 

There was a good deal of early 
authority to support the d/ttu of 
Lord Atkinson in Ball (that 
evidence of motive was admis- 
sible to show that it was more 
probable that the accused 
committed the offence charged) 
and Mr Justice Kennedy in R v 
Bond ([1906] 2 KB 389. 40l> 
(dial relations of a murdered 
man to his assailant were prop- 
erly admitted to proof as inie*- 
gral pans of the history of the 
alleged crime, so far as they 
might reasonably be treated as 
explanatory or the conduct of 
the accused). 

Their Lordships concluded 
that those dicta correctly repre- 
sented the law. and that no 
fiirther doubt about the matter 
teed be felt 


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gM yntab itjng, Hom&J. 

tak« to b ^ here J ' here ■** “ill 

* made ab » nt bird- 

9 aMo " Plays a man of 

l«^!!L f00 - Ks !i ness w ho« 

en action is diametrically 
wrong. Last night his long- 

SSSJf^ (Bre n dl 

"'^hyn) had him drive her to 
Eastbourne for the wake of her 
elderly admirer. Naturally, the 

S“ full of the old 
philanderers conquests and. 

5*J2 a, iL again ' a wedding 
,7? . the road supplied a 
larkish counterpoint with the 
rrruption of a strippergram at 
the wrong address. There was 
nothing remotely fanny about 
any of this, but the thing does 
have a certain ramshackle 
cnarm deriving from its sec- 
ond-hand references to the 
English tradition of feeble 


Later, on the same channel, 
Ot( reached the end of its 
lengthy pipeline. This has 
been an informative and 
largely intelligent series - 
Particularly good on the biog- 
raphies of the oil colossi - and 
has sounded a timely note of 
concern with its warning of 
impending crisis. 

The final episode. The 
Global Gamble, contrasted the 
expectations of Kenya with 
those of California. The for- 
mer. desperate to discover its 
reserves of oil before tra- 
ditional wood-gathering has 
deforested the whole country, ! 
is crawling with sinister seis- 
mic trucks: the latter, self- 
sufficient in the commodity, ' 
has ordinances requiring der- 
ricks to be disguised as Span- 
ish bell-towers. By such ! 
accidents is wealth created. 

Elsewhere. Mrs Harlem s 
Brundl and (again) banged the ( 
gong for research into alter- j 
native forms of energy', while \ 
Sheikh Yamani inveighed \ 
against the fecklessness and 
jmpresdence of the U.S. ma- 
jors in curtailing exploration. 

It seems that the Oil Age may 
well be drawing to a dose. 

Primitive in 
image but 



Gaston Chaissac 
Fischer Fine Art 

Henri Goetz 

Fine Art Associates 

Nina Hamnett 

Michael Parkin Fine Art 

W hen is a primitive not 
a primitive? It is a 
question calculated to 
agitate many critical 
minds at the moment, 
what with the dreadful spread of 
highly commercial so-called “prim- 
itive” art — to the extent that now 
there is even a how-to-do-it book in 
America which teaches yon how to 
paint in the desired primitive 
fashion. But at least there is one 
comfortingly unequivocal answer to 
hand: if his art is so conscious and 
accomplished as that of Gaston 
Chaissac (1910-1964), now be- 
latedly receiving its first British 
showing at Fischer Fine Art, until 
November 21. then whatever the 
lack of professional training he 
cannot be regarded as anything bait 
an artist tout court . 

Chaissac was altogether a very 
curious case. He was the son of a 
cobbler and trained to be a cobbler 
himself. He was never a. very 
successful cobbler, however; and 
though he started drawing on his 
own he was first inspired to paint 
systematically through contact with 
Ono Freunduch in 1937, achieving 
his first gallery show the following 
year. During the war he became 
very friendly with a group of 
painters including Gleizes and 
Lhote, and actually worked in their 
studios, even if he was never 
formally trained by either. So when 
Dubuffet came across his work in 
1944. and rapidly exalted it as an 
ideal example of his concept of ah 

Martin Cropper 

Richard Morrison 
meets the soprano 
Helen Field 
(right), who sings 
Nedda in English 
National Opera’s 
new production of 
Pagliacci which 
opens tomorrow 
at the Coliseum 

the part 
as an 
of self 

Art- Brut, Chaissac was already more 
or less a professional, moving 
almost exclusively in artistic circles. 
It is comforting to discover that his 
response to Dubuffet's famous pref- 
. ace to bis 1947 exhibition was 

- Chaissac was. however, cunning 
enough to use the idea ihat he was a 
child of nature when it suited his 
purposes: he led on the Naif 
painting expert Anatole Jakovsky, 
but Jakovsky recognized immedi- 
ately that the essential difference 
between him and the true primitive 
was that he got his effects with the 
greatest ease and confidence, while 
the primitive would niggle away for 
. hours in the vain hope of achieving 
an academic kind of excellence. 
Even Dubuffet eventually rec- 
ognized that his protege was to all 
intents and purposes a professional. 
This means, of course, mat we need, 
and indeed may, make no allow- 
ances fora brave try: if the paintings 
do not work, they do not work. 

Fortunately there is no need to 
call on any special s tandards to 
judge the contents of the Fischer 
. show. Chaissac's work sometimes 
suggests child ail. but the soph- 
istication with which he uses these 
references is unmistakable. It also 
sometimes recalls that of Dubuffet, 
though quite possibly one should 
put the relationship the other way 
round —and certainly, to my taste at 
least, he is a far more convincing 
artist than Dubuffet ever was. 

His sense of colour is much more 
vivid and his draughtsmanship is a 
lot more confident and unaffected 
The large paintings, with their main 
elements heavily outlined in black, 
evince, a natural sense of com- 
position. and this is even more 
startlingly in evidence in the big 
collages like Collage sans visage, 
which uses its disparate elements - 
patterned wallpaper, newsprint, 
fragments of posters and dabs of 
paint — with a nice sense of the 
mind controlling what, in the other, 
later Nouvea ux Rtalistes. often 
seemed as arbitrary as the peeling 
walls from which they drew mspira- . . 
lion. Evidently, : when Chaissac 
proclaimed Picasso as his true 


master, he was not joking: what he 
leanit was not the superficial man-' 
nerisms but the essentail nature of 
artistic activity. 

Henri Goetz is another friend and 
disciple of Picasso who does not at 
first glance betray any relationship 
in his work. He is now 77 and, 
though the exhibition of his work . 
presented by the Crawshaw Gallery 
at Fine An Associates. 229 
West bo ume Grove, until Novem- 
ber 9 (again a London first) cele- 
. brates “Fifty Years of Painting", in 
fact nearly all the pieces on show 
date from the last 20. During that 
time he has been working almost 
exclusively on vivid abstracts fill] of 
life and movement: a few references 
seem to suggest that we would not 
be too far wide of the mark to think 
of leaves and papers flying round in 
eddies of air. Before this Iasi 
abstract phase Goetz was a Sur- 
realist. and before that a realist. 

Those earlier phases are docu- 
mented in the excellent monograph 
by Heather Waddell which goes 
with the show, and in the /Main 
Restiais film of 1946-47 (one of the 
very earliest surviving works by 
Resnais, and a great rarity) which 
the gallery has on show as a video. 
Again, it is a mystery why we have 
not seen more of the artist in this 

D enise Hooker's new 
biography of Nina Ham- 
nett (Constable, £15) 
dubs her “Queen of 
Bohemia". Looking at 
.the show at Michael Parkin which 
accompanies the publication (until 
November 12 , after which it goes to. 

** 4b 

Hull), one cannot help thinking that 
she was more a victim of Bohemia. 
She seems to have had everything 
going for hen striking looks, a 
magnetic personality, almost uni- 
versal acquaintance with everyone 
who was, or was going to be, 
anybody in the an world of the First 
• World War and the Twenties. And, 
still more important, a considerable 
talent as a painter and casual 
brilliance as a draughtsman. From 
that to the late photographs of her, a 
wreck with nothing to recommend 
her except being one of the sights of 
Soho and Fitzrovia, seems like a 
perfect High Victorian warning 
against the Demon Drink. From 
Miss Hooker's book we learn a lot 
more than that, especially about the 
lively art circles in which she 

Yet the works remain, and are 
well worth looking at again. It 
would be hard to equal among her 
contemporaries, dazzling as many 
of them were, the ease and economy 
with which she catches Horace 
Brodzky from the back in ten 
seconds Oat. or- the wayward charm 
of her evocations, provoked by 
Osbert SitwelL of public statuary in 
London. The oft paintings are 
perhaps less exciting, though her 
Ringmaster of c. 1919 is well up to 
what was happening elsewhere in 
Europe at the same time, and 
several of the portraits have solid, 
sober quality. There are also early 
portraits of her by others, and works 
from her circle, right up to the 
Fifties. A talent frittered away, to be 
sure; but a talent nevertheless. 

John Rnssell Taylor 

L* &:... tfe t. .. V 

A nice sense of the artists’s mind 
controlling arbitrary materials in 
Gaston Chaissac's Collage sans 
visage^ and the economy of Nina 
Hamnett's swift Horace Brodsky 


K tji 

u "• k.' 


If there can be “conviction 
politicians" there can surely 
also be conviction singers — 
performers who live and 
breathe their belief in an 
operatic role as much as sing 
it. Helen Field, who is Nedda 
in English National Opera's 
new paxluction of Leon- 
cavallo’s Ptwliacci {opening 
tomorrow, in inevitable har- 
ness wiih Mascagni's Ca\- 
ulUru Riisru jihj). is one such 
singer. In the last few seasons 
she has put together a series of 
performances remarkable for 
their in\ohcmcm and inten- 
sity. One thinks of her Jcnufa. 
her Desdemona in Peter 
Stein’s Welsh National Opera 
OteHo and. most famously, 
her unexpected but trium- 
phant New York debut at the 
Met - substituting at short 
notice for Valerie Masterson 
in Rignlcthh and rescuing 
ENO's American tour from 
embarrassment at ihai point. 

The youthful, slender Welsh 
soprano knows that her 

extraordinary dramatic com- 
mitment is her greatest asset, 
hut it has a price. "People ask 
'what else do you do?', but I 
don't really do anything else, 
except run nty home. Opera is 
all-consuming. On stage I 
toric logo call I've got — there 


New Ceramics 

_ Yugoslavc Books 
Dailey Until 12 Nov 

Foyle* Art Gallery 
U3-U9 during Cross Road 
. LomtonWO. 

is nothing left over." Luckily, 
her husband knows all about 
opera's pressures: he is an 
oboist in the WNO orchestra. 
“Rehearsals of Fidelio 
brought us together", she says. 
Though she left Welsh Na- 
tional Opera to go freelance 
two years ago. Cardiff is still 
their home. 

She is a great believer in the 
“stage role as extension of 
self school of acting. “1 do 
think of my characters as 
different dimensions of my 
personality. I've got to find 
that link within myself, be- 
cause I strive for complete 
naturalness on stage." 

Finding a link with Nedda 
in Pagliacci has not been too 
difficult. Nedda is an aspiring 
prima donna herself, and in 
this product ion -the “smell of 
the greasepaint" aspects are 
emphasized. “As we arc play- 
ing it. Canio is a Diaghilev- 
tvpc figure. He picked Nedda 
up off the street and made her 
a leading lady, but now she 
wants to spread her wings, go 
on to better companies. She 
probably dues love him a bit. 
but as a father-figure. As we 
see it. the fling with SiNio is 
nothing- He's just a groupie 
uhu follows her around; she 
uses hint. 

She has worked before with 
the producer, fan Judge, and 
: the conductor. Jacques Dela- 
ouc: as Marguerite m English 
National Opera’s contra ver- 
vil singing of Gounod s raiisi 
last 'ear. Miss Field loyally 
refrains from revealing too 
mam ui Judge’s ideas for Cur 
x puv. but ii is clear that the 
operas will be linked in more 

ways than just by appearing 
on the same stage in the same 
evening. As for the ’[play 
within the play" in Pagliacci. 
that, is being done as a 
Restoration drama. “Well, we 
arc ail in white powdered 
faces, after air. says Miss 
Field, as if in explanation. 

Her background is not un- 
usual. As a schoolgirl she 
acquired a taste for perform- 
ing through eisteddfods, and 
her father — an opera-loving 
Wrexham accountant — 
passed on his enthusiasm. 
Pagliacci was actually the first 
opera she ever saw. in Liver- 
pool. An audition with Rich- 
ard Armstrong soon after 
leaving college led to her six- 
year spell with WNO. a period 
she values as an apprentice- 
ship and for giving her the 
chance to “watch Sbderstrom 
at work". That she feels, 
partly compensated for what 
she regards as the hopeless 
lack of serious acting study in 
the training of singers. “To be 
frank, opera singers -have a- 
bloody nerve. We are ail 
working in theatre, yet most of 
us can't act for toffee. - 

Now she is tempering am- 
bition with caution. "The 
whole singing-carccrprocess is 
started far too early, in most 
cases. There is a great tempta- 
tion for young singers to do 
roles they ^arc not ready for. 
especially when producers say 
'she'll look good in that pan'". 
INC been asked to do things 
like Salome, for instance, and 
I'd lo'c to play that role. But I 
knew that I'd rain myself if I — and nobody wants to 
know if your » oicc goes." 




Snape Maltings 

| Four young musicians of 
character were thrown up by 
the third Purcell-Britten com- 
petition for concert singers: 
hardly a tidal wive of talent 
this year, but the ripples will 
surely be felt in an area too 
often crowded out by the 
pressures' and demands of 
operatic training. 

If the most charactful 
performers of all did not gain 
the highest p lacings, it was 
due to prudence and prag- 
matism on the part of this jury- 
The first prize of £1,500 was 
awarded to the Scottish so- 
prano Lonur Anderson, in 
whom Tocal well-being, stylis- 
tic sense and quick linguistic 
and musical intelligence co- 
exist in near-perfect balance. 
Hers was the idiomatic Pur- 
cell, the most verbally percep- 
tive Britten — and, in this 
contest, that counts for a lot. 
Strauss's Ophelia songs sho- 
wed not only the supple range 
of her soprano, but also her 
skills in dramatic projection, 
an aspect of redtal work too 
often underestimated by young 

A more stars truck jury 
might easily have placed Stmg 
Ha Shin first. This Korean- 
Canadian soprano has a voice 
of silk to Miss Anderson's fine 
cotton weave, and a stage 
presence of great allure. Her 
classical repertoire is impecca- 
bly stylish, her response to 
European poetry intense. I 
could listen to her Obradors 
and Falla any time, any place; 
and her feeding of the" poetry 

The films of old have a lot to recommend 
them today, as the Poidenone Festival has 
just emphasized: David Robinson reports 

Golden silence 

Gifts in ideal balance: the 

winner, Loma Anderson 

into the melodic line of the 
Nocturne from Britten's On 
This Island was unforgettable. 
She came second probably 
because achievement out- 
weighed potential by a hair's 

The Songmakers' Almanac 
both reaps and sows in this 
competition. The third prize- 
winner, Nicholas Sears, has 
already sung with them, and 
will doubtless continue to do 
so. His light baritone is 
grounded very much in the 
choral-scholar tradition: ins- 
tinctive inflexion for Flnzi, 
Butterworth and Britten, and 
cultivation of timbre and wit 
for the French schooL 

The creation of a special 
fomth prize showed the jury 
alert to Tracey Chad well's 
particular gifts, even if they 
obviously placed her value 
lower than that of Mr Sears. I 
would have reversed the plac- 
ing. There is more room in the 
profession for sopranos with 
the spirit and technique to poll 
off works like Judith Weir's 
King Harold's Saga and Eliza- 
beth Maconchy's Sun , Moon 
and Stars than for those who 
tackle mainstream repertoire 
with tact and taste. 

The “Thames Silents" pre- 
sentations of classic silent 
films with live orchestra] 
accompaniment are proving 
an impressive cultural export. 
Following their successive 
London Film Festival pre- 
mieres. the films have been 
played in many European 
cities, and next March Carl 
Davis will conduct a series of 
six performances — including 
The Crowd. Greed and The 
Thief of Bagdad — in the 
7.000-seat Radio City Music 
Hall in New York. 

Hilary Finch 



Festival Hall 

The four orchestral Legends. 
of which “The Swan of 
Tuonela" is most often per- 
formed alone. , were for Si- 
belius something of a sub- 
stitute for an intended opera. 
As conducted on Sunday night 
by his fellow countryman Esa- 
Pekka Salonen, they were 
shown to have more than a 
common source in epic poetry 
b> the tautness of musical 
contrasts and relationships. 

Salonen followed the com- 
poser. at the work's 1896 
premiere, in the order of the 
two middle movements, rev- 
ersing them from the later 
published sequence, so that 
“The Swan” became a sombre 
prelude to final acceleration. 
The hero was thereby pictured 
at his most adventurous in the 
first two movements, of which 
“Lcmminkainen in Tuonela" 

was given a more inward 
tension and sense of menace 
to contrast with the exultant 
“Maidens of Saari". 

One or two details apart, the 
Philharmonia Orchestra re- 
sponded with colourfiilly in- 
tense tone-painting, including 
notable solos from cor anglais 
and cello and with a sense of 
pulsating rhythm that was 
never over-driven. In Haydn's 
Symphony No 99 to begin the 
concert, however, the conduc- 
tor applied such emphatic 
accents to the music's mo- 
mentum that its subtieiv of 
melodic invention and "har- 
monic resource was some- 
times obscured. 

Haydn's Trumpet Concerto 
featured the orchestra's own 
John Wallace as a soloist of 
crisp articulation and reso- 
urceful technique, which ex- 
tended to a phrase of his by no 
means conventional cadenza 
played with the palm of the 
hand tapping the mouthpiece 
instead of blowing. 

Noel Goodwin 

Davis recently conducted 
the Radio and Television 
Symphony Orchestra of Lub- 
liana fora performance of The 
Wind at the annual festival of 
silent cinema at Pordenone. 
north of Venice, where Kevin 
Brownlow and David Gill, 
who invented the Thames 
Silents. were this year's recipi- 
ents of a new. annual inter- 
national award to honour 
work “in safeguarding the 
patrimony of the cinema". 

The Pordenone Giomate 
del Gnema Muto is an 
extraordinary phenomenon. 
In a mere five years it has 
grown from a local affair into 
the largest convention of the 
world's film scholars and 
historians. It was created by a 
group of young enthusiasts 
who started out in cine-clubs 
and embarked on more am- 
bitious exhibition ventures 
when they organized a travel- 
ling cinema to supply the 
communities which lost their 
theatres in the Friuli earth- 
quake of 1976- 

Like the _ Thames Silents. 
Pordenone is pan of a larger 
cultural phenomenon, the 
widespread current reassess- 
ment of the legacy of the silent 
cinema. Thanks to the restora- 
tion of archive films to the 
most complete versions, the 
best possible print quality and 
the original colour tinting — 
and by performing them with 
the finest technical facilities 
and the kind of musical 
accompaniment originally in- 
tended — the old myihs are 
effectively being dispelled. A 
new generation is discovering 
that silent films were not 
quaint, naive and primitive, 
dim and badly photographed. 
The point was dramatically 
demonstrated by Pordenone's 
massive retrospective of 
Scandinavian films from 1906 
to 1918. These were golden 
years for Sweden and Den- 
mark. whose cinemas now 
appear in many respects to 
have been decades ahead of 
their European neighbours in 

- sophistication of themes and 
t treatment. 

1 Thanks partly to favourable 
5 climate and partly to the 
. continuity of the major film 
: producing companies, Nord- 

- isk in Denmark and Svensk- 
i filmindustri in Sweden, more 
i of their negatives have sur- 
I vived in good condition than 
r elsewhere in the world, and it 
! is possible to see 70-year-old 
’ films still pristine as the day 

they were first shown. For the 
most part poor light prevented 
filming in the winter, but the 
summer light seems to have 
had a particularly favourable 
luminosity. The depth of fo- 
; cus of the films is startling. 

. destroying the myth that deep 
focus only became practicable 
in the era or Citizen Kane. 

In 1911 Nordisk filmed 
Herman Bang's celebrated cir- | 
cus melodrama The Four 
Devils. It was such a success 
that the circus set specially- 
built for the film was used 
over and over again, while the 
Swedish studios also com- 
peted with a spate of circus 
films. Apart from their spec- 
tacle and excitement, these 
films opened up further pic- 
torial possibilities as perform- 
ers were filmed high up on 
wires and trapezes while the 
crowd was photographed in 
dizzying high-angle shots. 

The Scandinavians tried 
everything. A mystery serial 
begun in 1912. ' Dr "Gur c l 
Hama, used all the excite- 
ments of crime, murder, kid- 
napping. drugs, disguises, 
secret panels and mysterious 
tunnels long before Feuillade 
became master of the crime 
serial. The films also made 
brilliant use of the dramatic 
lighting effects which the 
Scandinavian cameramen 
pioneered with virtuosity. 

Scandinavia produced at 
least four great directors in the 
silent period: in Denmark Carl 
Dneycr and Benjamin Chris- 
tensen. in Sweden Mauritz 
Stiller and Victor Sjosirom 
(who lived on to play the 
leading role in Bergman's 
n ild Straw-tomes). 

The first film industry in the 
world to make feature-length 
pictures, the Scandinavians 
were astonishingly precocious. 

By Id 1 3 Christensen had 
made a masterly thriller that is 
Still thrilling. The Sight of 
Icngtuncii Sjosirom a dev- 
astating social drama. Ingc- 
harg Holm: and Stiller the first 
of a series of sophisticated 
comedies of manners, whose 
most sparkling comedian was « 
the indefatigable Sjosirom , 




7 / 8/9 

IF YOU GAVE to Live 
Aid, ran for Sport 
Aid, or contributed to 
any of the appeals for 
Africa during the last 
two years, you 
should know that 
famine relief alone 
cannot solve the 
problems of world 

We need effective aid 
which puts the real 
needs of the poor first 
And we need 
international action to 
solve the debt crisis. 
Unless we improve the 
Terms of Trade in 
favour of poor 
countries, hunger and 
poverty will continue to 
increase and more 
famine will follow. 


Over the weekend of 
November 7-9 Oxfam 
will be exposing a 
scandal to the British 
public, and we need you 
to help us. 

Did you know that 

gave to Africa last 

ment and voluntar y 
donations the West 

pa yments? 

So while we ran, sang 
and appealed for money 
for African countries 
caught in the grip of 
famine, our govern- 
ments, our financial 
institutions and our 
banks were extracting 
debt payments from 
those same countries. 
By the end of the year 
these amounted to 
£5,000 million - exactly 
twice as much as the 
money the world gave in 
relief aid! 


On November 7,8, 
and 9 we'll be Fasting 
For Change to raise 
urgently needed funds 
for our development 
work overseas. At the 
same time we will be 
saying to our 

• It’s time to end the 
scandal of the debt 

• ft's time for fair 

• It’s time for aid that 
PREVENTS hunger. 

• It's time for us to 
become part of the 
solution instead of 
part of the problem. 

Please join us. Wfe 
need you — your voice, 
your support, your 
compassion. Fill in the 
coupon now. Send off 
for your copy of Oxfam's 
report ‘For Richer For 
Poorer’and ask for 
details of the Fast 


(Tsupport OXFAM’S third! 
| Hungry for Change FAST 
I 2.1*11 fast. Please send my I 

t _ name to my local organiser, i 
I _ I enclose £2.50 for my copy I 
j _ of Oxfam’s report. i 

I _ I cannot fast but send me [ 
I _ detailsofHungryforChange. , 
_ I enclose a | 

; donation of £ ! 


Send to: Oxfam, Room TM78. 
Freeoost. Oxford 0X2 7BR. 


■ NOV. 7 S' 9 

Oxfam works wth Doer oeooJe m their 
Struggle against hunger, disease, 
exploitation and poverty m Africa. Asia 
LatiMmenca and the Middle East 
through relief development, research 
and putfic education 





to save 
the next 


jml. Although it was in 

JrU A Uganda that the Aids 

virus was first 

recognized, some 

Although it was m 

JrU A Uganda that the Aids 

virus was first 

recognized, some 
scientists trace its 
M VW roots to the nearby 
state of Burundi, 
where the disease is 
now an epidemic. In 
the second of a three- 
part series, Thomson Prentice assesses the 
problems facing this poor but beautiful 
country in its struggle to control the plague 

Part 2: Prevention versus promiscuity 


In the sunlight, a herd of goats 
grazes on the thin grass of the 
forecourt of the Forearm dime in 
Bujumbura, capital of the central 
African state of Burundi. Chickens 
peck along the open veranda of the 
clinic, where a handful of -lab- 
oratory staff check blood samples 
every day for traces of “Slim” — 
the virus known to the West as 

“Don't ask me how big the Aids 
problem a doctor says angrily. 
“Don't ask me if it’s a disaster. All 
I know is that it is here, it exists, 
and the only thing that matters is 
trying to prevent it spreading.” 

A nurse lifts an emaciated child 
on to a set of battered bathroom 
scales rigged up on a wooden 
frame. The child clutches feebly at 
the rail, crying. His weight is 
recorded along with the details of 
his condition — chronic diarrhoea, 
which may or may not be con- 
nected with his sero-positivity to 
the virus. 

His mother lifts him on to her 
back, wraps the fold of her dress 
around him and begins walking 
home to the rows of crumbling, 
tin-roofed cabins that make up a 
huge suburb of the city. 

First recognized in nearby 
Uganda, “Slim” causes severe 
diarrhoea and drastic weight loss, 
usually of more than 
cannot be treated and kills within 
a year. 

Unknown thousands of men 
and women in Burundi, and many 
of their children, are infected with 
the virus. Hundreds are dead or 
dying from the disease in a variety 
oi* forms, and the problem facing 

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this tiny, poor but beautiful 
country is bow, to control the 
epidemic before it becomes a 

It may already be too late. 
“There is nothing we can do for 
them,” says a doctor at the Prince 
Louis Rwagasore clinic, a hospital 
named after an assassinated for- 
mer ruler of Burundi. "We don't 
have the drugs or facilities to offer 
much beyond basic palliative 

“Most people don't want to 
come to a hospital to die. Instinc- 
tively they gO back to their 
families, to their villages. To 
them. Aids is nothing speciaL It's 
just one more disease to die from, 
like tuberculosis or malaria. 

“What we are trying to do is 

‘We are trying 
to tell people 
not to indulge 
in promiscuity’ 

save the next generation. Telling 
people that they could die from a 
sexually transmitted disease is 
unlikely to have much impact 
They think it's just the church 
preaching morality to them. 

"But if we can tell women that 
they may give birth to infected 
children who will die because of 
parental promiscuity, there may 

Hospitiwift^ho^^^Pi^^Lt^Rvra^isoredinic, teundCwhere drags are in short supply and doctors admit that they can Offer tittle more than palliative treatment , 

4 Don’t ask me how big the Aids problem is. Don’t ask me if it’s a disaster. AH I know is 
that it is here, it exists, and the only thing that matters is trying to prevenHtspjMto^ 

be a chance of changing their hausted by farming, many thou- marry again - polygamy is a way good a source of income &sany in \oa sct'thc site of the probfcrq,. 
« " ' .1 lift. _ fn™ the overcrowded town, became don l vou . .... 

be a chance of changing their 

Children are bom with the 
virus, acquired in the womb of 
their infected mothers. Infants 
become infected through medical 
injections with syringes that are 
used time and time again without 
proper sterilization. 

Across the road from the clinic 
in Bujumbura, the chief medical 
officer of Burundi, Dr Cassien 
Ndikumana, sits sweating under a 
spinning fan at a desk piled high 
with files. 

The telephone rings so often 
that finally Dr Ndikumana takes it 
off the hook. “Aids is not a very 
big problem in Burundi," he says. 
“Tomorrow, yes, it will be serious. 
But today, there are many other 
problems demanding my 

Burundi is a former Belgian 
colony of about five million 
people, bounded by Lake Tangan- 
yika and Zaire to the west, the 
mountains and tropical forests of 
Rwanda to the north, and Tan- 
zania to the east and south. It is 
the very heart of central Africa, 
and at the core of the Aids 
epidemic that stretches right 
across the continent. 

Some scientists believe that the 
Aids virus originated somewhere 
among these majestic hills and 
lush valleys, mutated perhaps 
from the African green monkey, 
possibly carried unwittingly for 
generations among the Hutu peas- 
ant farmers or the rival Tutsis who 
now rule Burundi. 

Over the past 20 years, as huge 
stretches of the land were ex- 

hausted by farming, many thou- 
sands of Burundians, among them 
those who may have been 
symptom lessly carrying the virus, 
drifted to the capital, Bujumbura, 
in search of work. 

They gradually lost some of 
their rural village traditions and 
codes of conduct. Men who left 
their families behind were able to 

marry again - polygamy is a way 
of urban life - and form countless 
liaisons with women, who became 
used to being discarded after they 
had borne a child or two. 

Bujumbura began to sprout 
“music bars”, where indulgent 
owners rented back rooms by the 
hour or the night. Gills, who 
learned that prostitution was as 












..... . 

Next in line: the children will suffer from their parents’’ liaisons 

good a source of income as any in 
die overcrowded town, became 
regulars in search of clients. 

The town built a couple of big 
hotels of international standard to 
cater for the many business trav- 
ellers from neighbouring African 
states. Bujumbura is a stowing 
place on the central African flight 
paths to and from Nairobi and 

There are big colonies of pros- 
titutes in those two capitals, and 
Kenyan and Zairean businessmen 
expected to find similar entertain- 
ment in Bujumbura. So too did 
the French. German. Belgian and 
occasional British travellers. They 
found them easily enough. If they 
didn't go looking, the girls would 
turn up at the poolside bar of the 
Novoid or the Source du Nil 

Dr Ndikumana believes that 
Aids was brought to Bujumbura 
by such businessmen, or by im- 
migrants from Rwanda and Zaire. 
Evidence of infection has been 
found among 60 per cent of 
Nairobi prostitutes and in up to 88 
per cent of the “street girls” of 
Kinshasa. In neighbouring 
Rwanda. 43 per cent of Aids 
patients studied were prostitutes. 
Figures in Burundi are not made 

“We are trying to tell people not 
to indulge >n vagabond sexuel — 
promiscuity — and to have just 
one partner.” says Dr 
Ndikumana. “But this is very 
difficult here. It is not the tra- 
dition. To change people's habits, 
welL it can't be easy. Could it 
happen in your country? In the 
United States?” He smiles wearily. 

The Burundi health authdrittefc.' 
have had to be convinced *em» 
selves b> European specialists that . 
urgent measures are nrce*HWt£ 
Slowly, for cumbersome 
bureaucracies cannot be hurried/ 1 
blood screening is being is- 1 
t reduced, and a publ ic health 
campaign is being prepared. 

Overworked doctors and nurses 
are struggling tn Bujumbura at' 
implement new regime* of fry- 
gtene, such as sterilizing nwm” 
and s> rinses after use on each" 
patient, which may be siandutf^ 
practice in Europe and the US. 
are novelties in a country where 
traditional tribal medicine stdl .. 
flourishes and ancient remedies 
are often preferred to “modern”" 
treatments. • 

It may be Burundi's tragedy that 
the incoming jets at Bujumbura 1 
airport have helped to destroy the 
immunity that the country's p tt - . 
vious remoteness had perhaps., 
ensured. It may be part of the 
world's tragedy that those same, 
planes carry away the seeds oF 
infection, to be planted on foreign 
soiL ■ 


How Kinshasa .. 
became the 
world’s most ■ 
dangerous city 


• *• • - {*xi 


Air Canada flies to Singapore 
4 times a week. The only morn- 
ing departure. 

No other airline offers you 
better service or better value to 
Singapore. That’s a promise. 

For details or reservations 
phone London 01-759 2636, 
Glasgow 041-332 1511 and rest 
of UK (Linkline) 0800-18-13-13- 


rjr ® 


Few creatures have declined 
in lowland Britain so 
dramatically and to such 
universal lament as the oner. 
So much so, that for many 
naturalists the sight of Lutra 
vulgaris in an English river 
remains their principal un- 
fulfilled ambition. 

Yet there is evidence that 
i the otter is returning. A- 
number of current projects- 
support naturalists' hopes 
that the species could become 
re-established in areas where 
it was virtually wiped out in 
the 1950s and '60s. 

To survive and flourish, 
oners need regular stands of 
trees, like beads in a necklace, 
rather than continuous cover. 
Radio tracking has shown 
that dominant males range 
over 25 miles of waterway, in 
a territory containing two 
i juvenile males and a female 
of breeding age. They use the 
river as a highway, fish in 
dykes and side channels and 
employ more than 30 dif- 
ferent holts and shelters. 
Fifty-three per cent of their 
time is spent in woodland. 

The right habitat is obvi- 
ously important, but natural- 
ists now believe that artificial 
holts could play a key role in 
enticing the otter back to 
areas where it has died out. 
These man-made living areas 
are built from masonry nib- 
ble or logs, covered with turf 
and debris, and contain tun- 
nels and cavities just like 
those that otters would fash- 
ion for themselves. 

Three years ago. the Otter 

r Arte ^ 

look fine in i 

Country Life ! 

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Man-made shelters 
in the wild promise 
hope for this 
threatened species 

Trust supplied stock to create 
three breeding units on rivers 
in East Anglia, an area where 
the otter population had been 
particularly devastated. Lit- 
ters are now being success- 
fully raised there. 

Over the past three years, 
too. the Severn and Trent 
Water Authority h as been 
planting the banks of the 
rivers Severn and Vyrnwy 
where they join above 
Shrewsbury. The otter 
population is expanding in 
the upper reaches of both 

In the East Midlands, the 
Bedfordshire and 

Huntingdonshire Wildlife 
Trust this year began a 
project to locate suitable 
habitats and sites for artificial 
holts on the rivers Nene and 
Ouse, where there are occa- 
sional isolated sightings. 

Over in West Wales natu- 
ralists have built holts on the 
rivers Tywi and Western 

Geddau. And the Vincent 
Wildlife Trust and the Otter 
Trust, in conjunction with 
the Nature Conservancy 
Council (NCO, are establish- 
ing oner havens on other 
rivers in England. 

Oner numbers fell sharply 
in the 19th century, recov- 
ered in the 1930s and 1940s, 
then slumped again. The 
causes of this post-war de- 
cline are still not clearly 
understood, but the use of 
pesticides in cereal dressings 
and sheep dips is strongly 
suspected. In addition, many 
hundreds of miles of oner 
habitat were destroyed by 
publicly funded agricultural 
improvements and brutally 
thorough river engineering to 
prevent flooding. 

The NCC first identified 
the dramatic slump in otter 
numbers in a survey in 1977, 
which showed virtually none 
in the Midlands and only a 
few in the south and east 
Otters are more widespread 
in Wales and northern Eng- 
land and there are good 
populations in Scotland, al- 
though only in the northern 
and western isles did the 
NCC consider numbers to be 

The survev was repeated in 
1984 and 1985 in Wales, 
showing a general improve- 
ment in numbers. A more 
recent study now being com- 
piled in England shows a rise 
in the West Country popula- 
tion. The biggest disappoint- 
ment is in East Anglia, where 
the decline has continued. 
However. numbers might 
now be rising in the east East 

“I’m cautiously 

optimistic.” says Dr Don 
Jefferies, the NCCs otter 
expert. “It should be possible 
to bring the otter back to 
places where it has been lost. 
But it will be a long time, if 
ever, before it returns to 
Britain, south of the High- 
lands. in the numbers we 
used to know.” 

Gareth Hirer Davies 

£>T!mca Newspapers Ud 1S8S 

Now it’s Dallas-sur-Loire 

British viewers will 
soon be treated to 
the steamy side of 
chateau life in a 
French soap opera 

The origins of the soap opera 
Dallas may be traced to 1 9th 
century European literature, 
and specifically to the episodic 
social dramas of Balzac. Du- 
mas and Dickens, according to 
Jacques Dercourt. a French 
Television producer. The 
French are well qualified, 
therefore, to draw on classical 
traditions in creating their own 
version of “le soap”. 

British viewers will be able 
to assess the result next 
February, when Channel 4 
begins broadcasting 

Chateauvallon, a 26-part se- 
rial tracing the political and 
sexual intrigues between two 
rival families in the Loire 

Launched early last year, 
the £4.2 million prodoction 
has proved more popular in 
France than the American 
import, with a regular audi- 
ence of IS million. M 
Dercourt, the associate pro- 
ducer of Chateauvatlon , 
attributes this success to re- 
alism: ‘'Dallas and Dynasty 
are fairy tales. Their flashy 
characters talk, eat, sleep and 
dream of wielding power to 
acquire vast amounts of 
money. In Chateauvallon, 
power is an end in itself.The 
scandals that ensue are the 
stuff of daily life.” 

The principal characters of 
** Dallas-sur-Loire” are drawn 
from the Berg family, ruled by 
an elderly patriarch, Antonin, 
who owns an influential news- 
paper. and the Kovatics, a 
Yugoslav immigrant clan 
clawing their way to power 
with a construction empire. 

Their rivalry is laced with 
scandal — an illicit love affair 
with a senior politician, a 




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Soap star Charual Nobel, 
France's answer to Sue- Ellen 

shady property deal, a corrupt 
local council, and the murder 
of a journalist who was on the 
verge of revealing all — an 
amalgam, in fact of every good 
French scandal 
French attitudes to sex, and 
the part it plays in political 
inbigne, are reflected in ex- 
plicit scenes that would give 

American producers apoplexy. 1 ' 
M Dercourt explains: “For - 
nudity is not a scandal* A'' 
central character is a woman-: 
who has power, who has sei,' " 
who has great beauty. When 
she goes to bed* you know 
she's going to bed.” 

The lady in question, actress ■ 
Chantal Nobel, was propdUV* 
to stardom in France with her--' 
role as Antonin Berg's daugh- 
ter, Florence. A car crash in 
which she was severely injured 
last year prompted the kind Of ! - 
news coverage normally re- 
served for affairs of state. Thf -* 
car was driven by Satinr 
Distek the accident halted the 

series. . • ■ • . 1 

As an experiment, Channel- 
4 plans to show each of tiNT' 
hour-long episodes twice * 
week - one version 'dubbed 
into English and the other" 
with sub-titles* ‘ ' •.* - 

Gavin BeH 











1 Position (61 
S Gambler’s cube (4) 

8 Ward off (5 1 

9 I /1 00th 
Deutschmark |7i 

11 Foot treatment (8) 
13 Long skin (4) 

15 Thick beef fillet 1 13) 

17 Mountain goal (4) 

18 Mooring rape (81 

21 Stiff fabric (7) 

22 Foreign IS) 

23 Road stones (4) 

24 Cowardly fft) 

down : 

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6 Musical int f7) !Z Ship’s complement 19 Spanish comrade rtf ’ 

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Trie Tiivi£S.Tuc6DAY OCJObER 28 1986 

FASHION by Suzy Menkes 



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X iJS ® ,one from the 
-■ des^waienngholestoa 
■ f hlc w «i End res- 
taurani. But the camel — 
♦that most noble and 
ndjejilous of animals - has 
totally become city slick.The 
'y camel coat is the winter cover- 
up of the season and a high 
festoon garment. It is seldom 

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?f. a genuine animal but the 
•’ “""ess, luxury and rich 
golden colour have been 
recreated in wool in the spirit 
of the camel-hair coat. And it 
is that spini that has changed. 
... ,- lte> . The nomadic trail that has 
■ 1 J «Ruir brought ihe camel coat to high 

Ifm-: Jash'on has gone by way of the 

uni IS Grand Tour and the English 
j ■ j e^piryside. The camel coat's 
Ijno 1 “ J l!" brushes this century 
“is J With fine ladies (and gentle- 
men) has mostly been as part 
dtcoumry life. It was teamed 
V wkh tweedy checks, worn with 
- sludge green twinsets and 
pearls, or used as a travelling 
overcoat like a perambulating 
car rug. 

• >X The way to wear camel 

today is in the city and with 
• - black. A roll-neck sweater, 
--4 leggings and fiat suede slippers 
gife camel a new youthful 
• image. Worn snuggled over 
the liule black dress, it has the 

• -.••• sophistication of fur. The 
w ; camel coats are even changing 

• - r colour, from darkest honey to 

Palest beige, with the lightest 
- . the most luxurious. For a 
more classic look, all these 
\ . ' shades of camel work well 
■: w >th navy blue or grey flannel 
;TTte news is not in colour 
but in line. The sharpest shape 

• - — but one that has barely 

r ‘Uered through at mass mar- 

^et prices - is the Swirl. It is 

cut wide at the shoulders, 
filled lightly to the waist and 
fans out into a big skirt in a . 
loose reworking of the more 
prissy princess line. 


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T he inspiration for the 
full-skirted coat is 
the Russian ballet, 
not the Russian 
, Steppes. It is worn 

with fiat pumps and ski pants 
rather than with high-heeled 
boots and Anna Karenina 

The alternative winter coals 
have been around for several 
seasons. The cut is generous, 
taken from a raglan shoulder 
and deep armholes to a mid- 
calf hem that tapers in. The 
1 shawl collar, usually fastened 
\ery low at the waist below 
bold lapels, is the popular 

It looks newest with velvet 
or furry facings and cuffs and 
is designed to cover up not 
only a tailored oversize jacket 
bRi.also a mid-calf skin. It will 
feel draughty over a skinny-fit 
jersey dress or an evening 

.The wrap-coat, belied at the 
waist like a dressing gown, has' 
similar pluses and pitfalls. 
That, too. will fit easily over 
winter clothes and looks non- 
chalant and classy at night 
over anything but a full-length 
evening dress. But it will not 
hQjd together in the wind and 
' demands free hands to clasp 
the- buttonless front. It is just 
not the u'cket for waiting at a 
bus stop or plodding home 
wu,h the shopping. 

If you want to button up 
your overcoat you will need a 
trench, cut on softer lines than 
the officer-and-gentleman’s 
jpuble-breasted uniform, but 
itrll with the military detailing 
- silver or gilt buttons, buck- i 
ed belt and maybe epaulettes. 
Fashion pointers are a well- ] 
jadded shoulder and the cru- ‘ 
■iaf dropped armhole to I 
■nable the trench to fit over 1 
‘ifi clothes without con- j 
, totting. s 

I flut fashionable clothes are I 
citing tighter and more fined, t 
»-Cloth coat is now such a c 

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important to think ahead - 
especially to the wider skirts 
that will be in the shops this 
time next year. A slightly 
filled coat, generously cut but 
shaped rather than dead 
straight, would be a wise 
strategic buy. 

H ow much should 
you pay for a new 
winter coat? In the 
high street prices 
for a wool coat 
start from £70 (and sometimes 
less). In the stores, a more 
realistic starting figure is 
around £120. Prices rise to 
£250 for the better designed 
coats in quality fabrics and 
with more interesting styling. 

In the wide-ranging coat 
department at Fenwick of 
Bond Street there are £99 
promotions, especially of the 
“college coat” — an elongated 
blazer shape which is strictly 
for townies, will not fit over a 
jacket and is really an 
autumn/spring weight. Austin 
Reed’s Options have a small 
but good range of tailored 
coats including a best buy 

& “■ 

tajor investment that it is came) at £145. 

11 Dress of 
the Year 

Genuine camel-hair and 
i other luxury materials like 
; llama, which is the star fabric 
this season, start from about 
£450. These are the coats that 
give warmth without weight, 
as does cashmere which is a 
princely fabric and a foolish 
buy at plebeian prices. 

Designer coats, which have 
a strong personal handwriting, 
also start at £450 and rise 
steeply. The £1,000 doth coat 
(albeit in the finest cashmere) 
is now a fact of high fashion 
life. What do you get in return 
for the big m vestment? De- 
signers will give you high 
fashion at the beginning of the 
trend, which is supposed to 
mean good value on a cost- 
per-wear basis. 

Since there is currently a 
night from oversize, the high 
style is the fitted ballerina coat 
to go over the pared down, 
body-conscious clothes. The 
other designer purchase is the 
perfectly proportioned up- 
dated . classic, with luxury 
details like pure silk linings 
and bone buttons. Both styles 
come this season in camel 


■end toda y for 

otrr FREE copy 

The dress in which Diana 
had the vapours in Vancou- 
ver made a return appear- 
ance at yesterday’s women 
of the Year lunch. The 
Princess of Wales, In her 
slender cream jersey Vic- 
tor Edelstein dress, hit 
the right sartorial note in a 
gathering of women emi- 
nent for achievement rather 
than appearance. 

The clothes were as di- 
verse as the women them- 
selves, from the ever-green 
Beverley Sister* in 

Mickey Mouse T-shirts to 
Pamela, Lady Harlech’s 

elegant spots and Jessye 
Norman, in bold scarlet 
/ade and violet silk on black, 
introducing a satellite link- 
up speech from Coretta 
Scott King. 

Actress Toyah WIDcox, 
unnecessarily nervous be- 
fore delivering a passionate 
and Intelligent speech, told 
me that her black zipped 
outfit was by her favourite 
designer Melon Liftman 
from English Eccentrics, 
with over-the-top fake jew- 
els from the pop people's 
Swanky Modes. Those at 
the top table with her and 
the royal guest Included the 
Marchioness of Lo- 

Abov * r - The Swir l - double-breasted full-skirted dotted cream 
wool coat, £875 by Catherine Walker for the Chelsea Design 

«fSS!*WL 65 K.® y( l n ^ SW3 - aack roll-neck jersey 
_ tur 3^i b y N'oole Farhi from her shops in FanwtakTNsw 
B °nd Street, W1; Harvey Nichols. Knightsbridge, SWt; Nicole 
Farhi, 37 James Street, Harrogate and 6 Market Street. 

JSS2S 11 »-,«KS2 ne hat hy Andrew Wilkie from 
w 5*f5 BS -J2-l4 St Christopher's Place. Wt and branches. 

rSH££SL bPI Sfi* ^ from Harv ®y N «*°is. 

Knightsbndge, SW1 ; Gallery 28, Brook Street, W1; Style, 
Heniey-in-Arden, Warwickshire. Gloves, Fenwick. Black 
suede pumps with Minted toes, £64.50 from Charles 
.. . . Jourdan, 39-43 Brampton Road, SW1 

Above left Shawl. collar - camel-coloured tapered wool coat. 
£235 by Nicote Farhi from Fenwick, New Bond Street W1; 
iJ5 r ?£' l S 1 ?'9 w sbndge. SWl and Lewis's stores In 
Manchester, Liverpool, Glasgow and Leeds. Black zid-ud 

hr«S5? D SMSMT'* P 1 * 08 * W1 - Tortoiseshell 

an? Mason. Piccadilly, 
W'. Piero. Richmond; Roberta, Christchurch, Dorset Black 
leather glovra, £19.95 from Fenwick, New Bond Street W1 

Tan inathor allnnare PKn fc™, »i: I_ I- Jv 

z; ■■ w.n • siinibn, itow ouiu OUBfcJl, VV 1 

» leather slippers, £50 from Nicole Farhi shops 
ijett Brushed and wrapped - baby Hama coat £525. and 

t* 3 ® MaxMara from 
and Mason, Piccadilly. Wl; Liberty. Regent Street 

Ann, Solihull. 

Tortoiseshell hoop eamngs, £30 by Pellini from Fortnum and 
Mason, Wl; Roberta, Christchurch. Dorset and Vania 
Jesmond, Swansea. Black suede buckled shoes, £65 from 
Johnny Moke, 396 King's Road, SW10 
Far left Camel trench buttoned coat £429 from 
Aqua^utum 10° Rwent Street Wl. Black polo-neck 



TJus new krt has been designed exclusively for us bv Susan 
bkeen, one of Britain’s most accomplished needlework 
designers. The rich patterning is reminiscent of Victorian 
ta ? eS ? y J bllt V e r co,ours are much lighter The three birds in 
pale shades of grey ; and white are on a china blue background. 
They are surrounded by a wide and lush floral border: Sandy 
yellow, blues, greens and pinks. The rapestry has the feel of 
a rich chintz and would go equally well with modern or 
traditional furnishings. 

tfriaiij the luncheon’s or- 
ganizer, York wedding 
dress deserter Lfndka 
Cterachy both in scarlet 
sKk blouses; and: writer 
Usa St Aiibiii d* TAran 

in a gold glitter dress match- 
ing her tawny locks. 

Miss Valentino 

The snare Valentina, that 
lounge lizard of designers — 
who appeared along with 
Karl Lagerfeld as guest de- 
signers at Gianni Versace's 
party at the Italian Embassy 
In Pins last week — tells me 

he is planning to- open a 
series of Miss- V shops in 

'Britain selling his “young 
diffusion” range. Fashion’s 
entrepreneur Peder 
Bertelsen c u rre n t ly co-backs 
the two London shops of 
Valentino, whose royal and 
loyal clients include Queen 
Noor of Jordan, Roger 
Moore's wife Luisa and th«* 
one-time biggest spender of 
all, Imelda Marcos. 

Shilling’s book 

Is hat-maker extraordinary 
David Shifting about to 
become the biggest literary 
sensation since Princess 
Michael of Kent? 1 am 
told that Shilling’s personal 
guide to luxury living has 
more name-dropping par 
paragraph than you have 

had chocolate truffles, and 
is already being dubbed a 
glitterati's bible. 

Shilling has called on all 
his showbiz contacts, from 
Angharad Rees to 

Elaine Page’s pet puppy, 
from the artistic Patrick 
Procktor and super-rich 
Soraya Kashoggi to 

arlstos like Lady 

Settrington, to give handy 
hints on Thinking Rich, 
launched on Guy Fawkes 

The fireworks exploding 
round the book, dedicated 
to his mother, the outra- 
geous Gertrude Shilling, 
may be from those few Rich 
and Famous excluded from 
the acknowledgements. 

’* 15 ’“ n 4 is worked in simple halictrcs Kiteh. ft 
]i£™“3 d . ,n * he fu, j eJ f,' Kn colours: Faded pink, dot e grey, pewter and 

Tfw. w * 111 ®- The cam*as. 1 2 holes toi he inch, heasyon the eyes. 

rnn«^. 00m .f S COT T? cte cli the required yams from ihe Appleton 
o "“die and insniaions. ,\11 for *17.95 including postage 

and packing. l*c Freepost- No aamp needed. 

11 ** * ifc« 


. Mease send mu. — upcstr>* kits at £17.95 each. \J 

j 1 enclose a cheque PO. nutdc out to Ehrman for £».— .—-^....(tocal) 1 
N'ame„._ . , I 






Colette Bowe. ihe Department of 
Trade and Industry's chief 
information officer who leaked a 
leuer from the Solicitor-General 
dunng the Westland affair, has, I 
understand, written her own ver- 
sion of what happened. It has been 
deposited in a bank vault presum- 
ably as security against any new 
tlanng up of the affair, which led 
to the resignation of her boss. 
Leon Bruian. So fer Miss Bowe — 
having been instructed, as were 
other civil servants, not to give 
evidence to the Commons De- 
fence Select Committee — has 
talked about the leak only to an 
internal Civil Service inquiry. The 
committee's report is debated in 
the Commons tomorrow. I under- 
stand that Miss Bowe's secret 
account is to be raised, its im- 
portance emphasized by weekend 
allegations that the No 10 press 
secretary. Bernard Ingham, forced 
her hand in releasing the letter. 

\ ester day Miss Bowe said: "I 
never comment on the Westland 

Christian values 

Knows ley North Labour activists, 
fighting on yesterday for the right 
to choose their own by-election 
candidate, have, in Louise Chris- 
tian. picked a solicitor in their own 
image. Ms Christian wowed the 
1984 Labour conference with a 
speech on Tory trade-union leg- 
islation in which she attacked Nell 
Kinnock. "Neil said we should not 
break the law because the Labour 
party needs legality." she said. “As 
a lawyer. I say to you that that is 
absolute rubbish. Everything that 
we in the Labour party and the 
trade-union movement have 
gained is through breaking the 
law ... It is a class system of 
justice and we in the Labour party 
want no pan of ii." Tell that to the 
Law Lords. 

• A reader confesses confusion 
faced with a dish of “foppish pork : 
chops” on the grill-room menn of 
(he Penta Hotel, Lisbon. Well- | 
dressed, perhaps? 

Blue books 

Jeffrey .Archer's resignation has , 
placed the publicity' people at Tory i 
Central Office in' a pickle. Last 
month, amid great fanfare, they 
launched the Blue Rosette 
Scheme, designed to build up 
membership by offering free gifts 
and other incentives in exchange 
ter a minimum £20 subscription 
lee. One of the attractions of the 
scheme was the offer of books 
signed by. you guessed it, the 
deputy chairman. The question 
now facing Central Office is 
whether to cancel the .Archer offer 
or ignore all the fuss and hope 
nobody will notice. Grahame 
Waterman, director of the Blue 
Rosette Scheme, refused to com- 

To the point 

Meanwhile. .Archer seems deter- 
mined to tough it out. Organizers 
assure me lie is still down to 
appear next month at a public- 
relations conference at London's 
Cafe Royal. The conference bro- 
chure assures me that his 40- 
roir.Lte talk, to be called “Media 
and the World of Consensus”, will 
"consider whether the media is 
faithfully reporting events or. in 
essence, changing Lhe course of 


The Ministry of Agriculture seems 
to have an odd idea of the 
readership profile of the huntin', 
shooiin'. flshin’ magazine. The 
Field. Alarmed by a recent article 
on wild fungi, which Ihe ministry 
fell failed to emphasize the danger 
of mistakenly hying up a pan of 
toadstools for breakfast it per- 
suaded the BBC to put out a 
warning ... on Radio Two’s 
Jimmy Young Show. 


Don’t cry for Mozambique 

‘Hello, dearie, want to send me 


An unseemly squabble over this | 
weekend's Disco Aid. an inter- 
national charity fundraising 
extravaganza. The Variety Club, 
which counts the Duke ol Edin- 
burgh and Prince of Wales among 
iis members, is being accused of 
“bad manners” by Disco Aid for 
pulline out II days ago. under- 
mining promotion efforts. Earlier 
ihis summer, the club declared i 
itself “delighted" to participate in ■ 
an event which is expected to raise 
£3m. Yesterday the club warned > 
the Disco Aid director. Theo 
Layla, against speaking out. "If 
Layla doesn't watch it he'll be in 
very serious trouble."' says the 
club's liaison officer Ned Sinclair. 
“There’s not much in it for us." 
Loyla's estimate of the Variety 
Club’s cut (which the club dis- 
putes) is £450.000. PHS 

About half an hour's drive north- 
west from Maputo, the capita) of 
Mozambique, sits Machava 
prison. It is an ugly collection of 
block houses, squat and rundown, 
silling in a spread of barren sun- 
baked earth. The Portuguese built 
it to house their criminals. The 
Frelimo regime of Mozambique 
uses it for the same purpose. 

When you walk across the dirt 
you can hear the voices of 
prisoners tillering through the 
small baned openings at the top of 
each cell. Sometimes the voices 
sing, defiantly. Occasionally, there 
is a scream. 

At the back of the prison 
compound arc the cells for the 
least-dangerous prisoners : 
murderers, thieves and rapists. 
They are allowed exercise and 
visitors. At the front of the prison 
are the nine blocks reserved for 
political prisoners under 24-hour 
confinement It was to these cells 
that I was brought in December 
1980. to spend 10 days in custody 
at the pleasure of President 
Samora Machel. 

My “crime” was to have been 
mistakenly permitted to enter the 
country by inefficient Mozam- 
bique border guards who. after 
examining my passport, waved 
the car I and some companions 
were travelling in across the 
border from South Africa. When 1 
tried to leave the country two days 
later, it was discovered that 1 
didn't have the necessary visa. 

Still, it is not personal mistreat- 
ment that causes my qualms about 
last week's chorus of tributes to 
the deceased President Machel. 
What blots his record, to put it 
mildly, was not that he put me in 
jail. But such small incidents give 
one an opportunity to witness 
things from the inside, as it were. 

The very essence of a society 
can be revealed by how it treats 
those it accuses of a crime, and by 
what it deems to be crimes. 
Mozambique belongs to that grim 
world of the knock on the door, 
arbitrary imprisonment, solitary 
confinement and terror, the world 
of the unfree. 

Not that one would know this, 
listening to last week's tributes to 
Machel. It was as if die president 
of Switzerland had died, rather 
than a bloody repressive dictator. 
Margaret Thatcher lamented the 
death of “a good friend”. The 
Italian prime minister. Bettino 
Craxi. mourned the world's loss of 
an “heroic freedom fighter”. Presi- 
dent Reagan assigned his daughter 
Maureen to head the American 
presence at the funeral. President 
P.W. Botha said Africa had lost 
“an outstanding leader”. David 

After the eulogies 

lavished on 

President Samora 
Machel (right), 
Canadian journalist 

Barbara Amiel 

presents a much 

darker side of 

the story 

Owen, writing in The Times, not 
only told us of having grown to 
admire Machel. but of the per- 
sonal gap in his life Machel's death 
would leave, it was de mortuis nil 
nisi honum rampant. 

What is it in the record of 
Samora Machel that occasions 
such affection? He was a hardline 
Marxist, trained in the Soviet 
Union and Algeria, who managed 
to steer FreJimo. the Mozambique 
independence movement, away 
from moderation after the murder 
of its pro- Western leader. Eduardo 

His refusal to hold free elections 
after Mozambique's indepen- 
dence in 1975 accelerated the exit 
of the skilled Portuguese labour 
force. What remained in the newly 
independent Mozambique was a 
country of pleasant and patient 
people who under Portuguese 
colonialism had been prevented 
not only from learning many skills 
but also from developing political 
and civic traditions of their own. 

fnto this vacuum came the well- 
financed and organized Marxisi- 
Leninists of Frelimo. They were 
multinational in their loyalties: 
originally sympathetic to the Chi- 
nese. later increasingly dependent 
on the Russians and Cubans. They 
sub-contracted the organization of 
their secret police to the East 
Germans and Portuguese com- 

For the ordinary Mozambican, 
life after Frelimo took power 
consisted of a brief period of 
“liberation”, followed by an 
oppression that equalled that of 
the secret police regime of the 
Portuguese — without matching 
the colonial rulers* economic ef- 

Machel's policies brought 
Mozambique to its present ruin- 
ation. Forced and brutal farm 
collectivization ruined a thriving 
agriculture. Soviet and East Ger- 

man factory - boats scooped up fish, 
in exchange for the weapons and 
loans with which Frelimo aided 
Robert Mugabe’s Zanu and main- 
tained oppression at home. 

Recently. Machel was said to be 
eyeing more flexible economic 
policies, but he permitted no 
change in the social fabric of the 
country: permits are required for 
internal travel; there is no freedom 
of association, assembly or press; 
population transfers and conscript 
labour are common; the re-educa- 
tion camps are notorious, as are 
conditions in Machava Prison. 
Detention without trial, "dis- 
appearances” and torture by the 
state are reported by international 
human- rights associations. 

Not surprisingly, the Mozam- 
bique resistance movement 
Rename (MNR) is close to vic- 
tory. This first successful internal 
overthrow- of a communist regime 
would be very much in the West's 
inieresL but the West is support- 
ing the fight against Renamo. 
Britain is giving £1.4 million to 
Mozambique to buy guns as well 
as help in training the Mozambi- 
can army. 

The received wisdom of the day 
dismisses Renamo as a tool of the 
South Africans. But in the past we 
have been able to see the validity 
of some movements, even though 
they may have been supported by 
countries of dubious meriL 
Mozambique is a Soviet-backed 
communist dictatorship, and un- 
less we have reached the point of 
being prepared to say that this is 
the most desirable system for 
human affairs, one can only be 
baffied at the antagonism shown 
to Renamo and the eulogies 
heaped upon Machel. 

Meanwhile, in spite of informa- 
fion to the contrary and a deter- 
mined campaign by Frelimo to 
portray Renamo as bandits and 
thugs. Renamo has visible leader- 

Bernard Levin: The way we live now 

ship and a slated goal which was 
succinctly summed up in a Jour- 
nal of Defence and Diplomacy 
interview with Re name’s sec- 
retary-general. Evo Fernandes. 

“Africa's revolution for freedom 
from colonialism is nearly over,” 
he said- “The revolution for 
individual freedom is still to 

It is reported that Mozambicans 
wept in the streets upon learning 
of Machel's death. Machel may 
well have been a man of consid- 
erable personal charm and cha- 
risma. Many tyrants as well as 
many ordinary confidence men 
have a charming way about them. 

Mozambicans have long been 
told that South Africa, not scien- 
tific socialism, is to blame for their 
impoverishment It may even be 
that Machel is among the better 
class of despots, a Salazar rather 
than a Hitler. But one can be 
confident in this double-faced 
world, that the same coercive 
policies curtailing civil liberties 
used by Salazar, the late Portu- 
guese dictator, would rightly be 
condemned out of hand by all 
those people singing the praises of 

The irony is that in right-wing 
tyrannies where such methods at 
least obtain some economic bene- 
fit they are still condemned, while 
in Mozambique the same policies 
can't even achieve limited ma- 
terial success. They bring only 
repression and famine and yet are 
regarded by the world with benign 

There were only four women in 
the prison population of Machava 
when I was there. 1 shared a cell 
with one, a Shona woman of about 
45 from the north of Mozambique 
who had written a pamphlet 
advocating free elections. She 
taught me prison lore; how to try 
to protect yourself from the cell 
block chief, which insects to pick 
off one's body, how to make one 
tin of water last the day in heat 
that fried everything. 

She had been in the cell foreigbt 
months without a visitor and 
without being charged. She was 
one of the lucky newcomers: 
on sentenced, she could at least 
cling to the possibility of getting 
oul She was a bag of bones, sitting 
on the floor, trying to groom 
herself with the help of a palm- 
sized piece of broken mirror she 
bad smuggled in. 

I don't think she is weeping over 
the death of Samora Machel, or 
feeling any personal gap in her life 
— if she is still alive. 

©TtatfsNmfMpen Ltd 1986 

The author is a former editor of 
The Toronto Sun 


There is an ancient proverb, which 
I have just invented, that runs: 
“He who laughs at the Belgians in 
the morning may find himself 
weeping for the English before 
nightfall,” and I bring it to the 
attention of my readers because 
the Belgians, not normally thought 
of as providing a laugh a minute, 
have indeed been provoking mirth 
these past few weeks. 

A summary of the antics may be 
useful. Briefly, then, the linguistic 
division of Belgium into French- 
speaking and Flemish-speaking 
citizens has long been a cause of 
dissension, and has even led to 
violence: it permeates Belgian 
politics, both national and local, 
and apparently gets sharper as 
time goes by. 

Recently, the problem blew up 
in an area called Fourons. which is 
near the Dutch border and in a 
Flemish -speaking province. The 
Fouronois. however, speak 
French, and although there is no 
reason to suppose that anybody is 
trying to make them speak any- 
thing else, they* have been 
demanding to be incorporated in 
the province of Liege, which is 
predominantly Francophone; the 
better to advance this cause, they 
elected a M Happart as their 
mayor, since he is not only a 
French speaker but, it seems, a 
particularly aggressi ve one. 

Mayor Happart soon fell foul of 
a Belgian law which obliges any 
such official to show that he is 
fluent in Flemish before he can 
take office; for ail anybody knows, 
he speaks it perfectly, but he 
refused io lake the test which 
would prove it. A solution was 
worked out by the minister of the 
interior. M Not bomb: a tem- 
porary replacement mayor, who 
speaks French but teaches Flem- 
ish, was appointed to wear the 
chain of office until the Happart 
Question could be resolved to the 
satisfaction of all parties. 

So far so good; figure to 
yourself, however, the dismay of 
M Nothomb when his candidate 
as stand-in. a M Wynants, refused 
to take up his appointment unless 
the Fouronois had their way and 
were incorporated in a French- 
speaking province. 

Meanwhile, the Belgian govern- 
ment. which is delicately balanced 
between the two communities. 
w ^s tottering to its fall over the 
affair, and the resignation of 
M Nothomb. which took place 
when his carefully arranged com- 
promise collapsed- caused it to 
totter faster and further. 

Whence the laughter, a country 
in which the government can be 
o verthrown because of the linguis- 
tic problems of a handful or 
villages (that is what Fourons 
consists of) must of necessity be 
comical, particular! v to such 
sophisticated folk as the British. 
Lei Happarts and Nothombs and 
wyaitises (urn their somersaults, 
paint their noses red and belabour 
each other with giant sausages: we 
may be in stitches, but our withers 
are un wrung. 

If you have withers, prepare to 

Paula Youens 

wring them now. There is a man in 
a Welsh prison, called Fred Fran- 
cis (though he calls himself Ffred 
Ffransis, and his ridiculous moni- 
ker is itself significant): he is doing 
time for breaking into a govern- 
ment office, causing criminal 
damage, and burglary. It should be 
said that his crime was not 
committed for monetary gain; he 
was acting in his capacity as a 
leading member of the most 
extreme sodality of stage Welsh- 
men. the Single Issue Fanatics 
who can think of nothing but the 
Welsh language and who have 
banded themselves into a coven of 
dangerous downs who deface and 
destroy property and will sooner 
or later kill somebody in the 
course of doing it- (This is. 
incidentally, by no means lhe first 
time that Francis has been jailed 
for such activities.) 

Distance, it seems, lends amuse- 
ment to the view- 1 have no reason 
to believe that ihe people of 
Fourons engage in such activities, 
but even if they do. it is easy to dis- 
miss them as quaint foreigners 
engaged in a quarrel of no 
importance. .Anyone who thinks 
the Welsh fanatics are funny, 
however, could reasonably be said 
to have a very’ odd sense of 
humour, and not only because of 
ihe violence they espouse. They, 
or at least their leaders, are driven 
by the totalitarian impulse, and 
the evidence of that charge is not 
far to seek: more than four-fifths 
of the Welsh people do not speak 
Welsh and plainly have no wish to 
do so (which is a pity, in- 
cidental I v l. but the fanaiics cam- 
paign for the beautiful language 
they befoul by their actions lakes 
no account of the fact that (heir 
central thesis is rejected by most of 
their country’- And not only their 
central thesis: they are themselves 
rejected by the great majority ot 
their compatriots, for since they 
started their campaign of destruc- 
tion and intimidation the number 
of Welsh-speaking Welsh people 
has consistently declined, and it is 
not very far-feiched to believe that 
the methods of the fanatics have 
appalled the law-abiding to such 
an extent that they have tarred the 
vgrv language with their violent 

One of the problems of dealing 
with these people is that 
successive governments have 
repeatedly set out to appease 
them, the most notorious action of 
this kind being the decision to 
waste millions of pounds on a 
Welsh television channel that is 
watched regularly by about four 
and a half people, at least two or 
whom are asleep throughout But 
the appeasement has gone much 
wider, and much further, than 
that; it has become the most 
dangerous kind, following crim- 
inal violence with concessions. 

Those who want to keep the 
Welsh language alive are to be 
commended: it is therefore a 
double pity that the actions of the 
fanatics can only ensure that it 
becomes impossible for any law- 
abiding lover of Welsh to take part 
in a campaign to help it survive. 
The violent language they employ 
would itself repel any sensible 
Welshman, with their incessant 
screaming about “traitors” and 
“foreigners'* and “English 
oppression” and increment to 
further violence. 

It was Aneurin Bevan, who 
could hardly be thought of as an 
undercover Sais. who once 
pointed out rather sharply that 
Wales, over the years, had had 
untold millions out of the rest of 
the country in various kinds of 
financial aid. and underlined the 
point by saying that the fanaiics 
(who in those days had hardly 
started) were doing nothing but 
impede and delay the advance- 
ment of their country'. 

Language provokes emotion; it 
is not only the Belgians and the 
Welsh who get hysterical over it. 
for look at the French-Ca nadians 
and for that matter the Catalans. 
.And it is right that it should, for a 
language is not only a country’s 
most precious possession after 
freedom, but virtually a definition 
of the people who speak it as well 
as a history of them. Yet if there is 
one thing that has become clear 
over the centuries, it is that no 
language can be artificially sus- 
tained: if the desire to speak it is 
not in its people, it will wither, 
however many signposts are 
painted in however many tongues. 
How much (ruer. then, that a 

language cannot be sustained by 
methods that are violent, dan- 
gerous or criminal. 

The mind of the Single Issue 
Totalitarians is difficult to pene- 
trate: their longing for power to 
compel others to do their bidding 
is mixed, inextricably but in 
undiscoverable proportions, with 
their equally intense longing to 
make everybody identical. Both 
impulses are vile, and although 
the second is unattainable, the 
first unfortunately is not; even 
more unfortunately, those who 
pursue the first even if they do not 
achieve it can hurt a lot of people 
in the course of their vain striving. 
Unlike the worst of the animal- 
liberation movements, the Welsh 
fanatics insist that they do not, 
and would not. harm human 
beings, even though they claim the 
right to harm the human beings' 
propeny: their claim may even be , 
true (though if 1 lived in a holiday ] 
home in Wales I wouldn't bet my . 
life on believing it), but apart from 
the growing risk of a fetal accident, 
it is an unfortunate feet that 
wherever there is an extreme 
fanatic, there is another deter- 
mined to be even more extreme. 

“Oh God, that men should put 
an enemy in their mouths, to steal 
away their brains!” Shakespeare 
was referring to drink, but he 
might just as well have had 
language in mind, particularly the 
Welsh one. It is a waste of time to 
think that the Welsh language 
fanaiics will eventually get tired of 
their failure to make the Welsh 
speak Welsh; unhappily, it is also a 
waste of lime to expect the 
majority in Wales to risk the 
opprobrium, and worse, that is 
likely to follow a protest at the 
behaviour of a small number of 
the minority. So the violence, of 
thought, word and action, will 
continue: and the Welsh language 
that the fanatics affect to love will 
continue down its melancholy 
spiral towards extinction. 

© Tome NawagapemUd 1W8 . 

. Correction 

An editing error associated Mr 
Jimmy Cowan with National Coal 
Board policy towards the proposed 
Nacods strike in 1 984 (feature, 
October 1 1 ). He was not associated 
with this policy- 

Digby Anderson 

With friends 
like these. . . 

Since the Labour Party conference 
decision to support homosexual 
and lesbian rights, several com- 
mentators have remarked that this 
is scarcely likely to endear the 
party to that opinion known as 
respectable working class. 

Indeed, in these days when well- 
bred and educated people are 
nervous of being considered even 
the least bit judgemental of others' 
behaviour, {his “respectable work- 
ing class” performs a valuable 
social function in its support for 
traditional morality, suspicion of 
feminism and contempt for the 
anti-racist industry — all feds 
which Norman Tebbit and his 
colleagues will be exploiting in the 
genera) election campaign. 

But less attention has been 
given to another collection of 
people who have reason to dislike 
the homosexual, feminist and race 
activists because they have most 
to lose by the activists' antics — 
homosexuals, women and blacks 
who are not activists. How long 
before the many hard-working, 
decent Caribbean people start 
objecting to the activists' persis- 
tent failure to give their hard work 
and decency its due. by submerg- 
ing them in the all-embracing 
category of “Blacks”? The ac- 
tivists — indifferent, even hostile 
to their achievements — treat them 
as a chunk of social structure. in 
which no distinction is made 
between them and the rioters and 

How long must the separate 
identities of Sikhs. Muslims, Hin- 
dus and other ethnic and regional 
groups calk/* “Asian" be re- 
pressed by the. Jse of that offensive 
and ludicrous term “Blacks”? The 
interest, and indeed right, of all 
these “Blacks” is to be treated 
according to their individual and 
varied behaviour and those of the 
groups they themselves choose to 
belong to; not to be dragooned 
into an artificial, culturally and 
morally neutered class of “Blacks” 
because it suits the political pur- 
poses of some activist, desperate 
to invent a new lower class to 
replace the un faithful “White” 

The same problems arise with . 
“Women”. The Labour Party is 
committed to a Ministry for 
Women. Which women? Not only 
do women differ from one another 
as much as do men but. like men, 
they have opposing interests. It is 
.working women who must be 
taxed more to pay the extra ben- 
efits to unemployed women: fam- 
ily women who will have to pay 
for the lesbian rights campaigns. • 

The same conflicts and tensions 
which characterize society in gen- 
eral can be found among women. 
Outside Greenham. syrupy sister- 
hood is no more characteristic of 
women than benign brotherhood 
is of men. And just as with 
"Blacks", non-activist women are 
starting to resent the activists who 

E urport to speak for them. If 
tninism has popularly become 
synonymous with lesbianism, that 

is the result of the activists’ work. 

But it is with sexual preferences 
that the problem is most grave. 
There are homosexuals who do - 
not make their sexual preference . 
the be-all and end-all of their , 
identity and resent others doing ^ 
so; homosexuals who want to be * 
left alone, not crusaded for; homo- - 
sexuals who know heterosexuals - 
well enough to realize that the • 
exposure, let alone flaunting, of . 
the explicit details of homosexual a 
physical practices which the ac- . 
tivists demand may well result in ' 
public hostility, nor public educa- » 
tion; homosexuals- who are chaste - 
or faithful and resent being - 
lumped in with the promiscuous - 
and irresponsible: homosexuals of. 
every appearance and dress who - 
look with contempt at the v 
moustachioed. San Francisco-uni- ' 
formed clones “speaking up” for • 
their “rights” on television; homo- 
sexuals content in the closet. 

The categorization of people by : 
one characteristic — race, genderor : 
sexual preference — is potentially , 
damaging whether it is done to*' 
hurt or help. It asserts a false 
identity and thus suppresses true 7 
identities. It classifies people by ■ 
characteristics — gender and race r ' 
— that they do not choose and - 
ignores the achievements for •; 
which they are responsible and - 
thus threatens the good name of/ 
the worthy by association with the \ 
immoral and criminal. It risks 
bringing on the worthy the hostil- L 
rty rightly accorded to the un- = 
worthy by wider society. 

It is not just a matter of names; 1 
it is a conflict over public identity - 
and reputation. The pressure - 
groups of activists have a vested .. 
interest in creating and sustaining - 
images of “Blacks”, “Women" 
and “Homosexuals” which are the'-* 
opposite of the images those.': 
people need and have earned. : 

The race-relations field officer - 
of the Church of England's Board 
of Social Responsibility, the excit- 
able Rev Kenneth Leech, recently ” 
proposed — with his associates - ; ’ 
that a list be drawn up of file - 
names of those in church and:' 
public life who were not sympa- "• 
thetic to anti-racism. He meant, of,: 
course, those who do not oppose j 
racism in the way demanded by -1 
the anti-racist industry. The idea : 
was that these recalcitrants could - 
be bombarded with corrective ' 

Might non-activists not take a 
leaf from his book? It would be 
good if every time some activist 
started attacking the “racist” pol- 
ice, demanding men-free areas iu_ 
public buildings or advocating? 
homosexual indoctrination in 
schools, he or she were deluged 
with letters simply saying, “You . * 
do not speak for us.” 

It is unlikely to happen. Most, 
non-activists are too busy work- , 
ing, bringing up their families — 
and earning the reputations the* 
activists deny them — to bother. • 
The author is director of the Social ■ 
Affairs Unit 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Holy undeclared 
taxes, VATman 

The distinguished writer, Jeffrey 
Bernard, was recently found guilty 
of operating as a bookie without 
paying betting tax. That is. be had 
taken a few bets in his local pub. 
What he didn’t know was that he 
was taking bets from VATofficers 
in disguise: but then, bow many of 
us would know if we came up 
against these masters of imperson- 
ation and acting? 

Some idea of the little-known 
scope of the VAT Plainclothes 
Division is given in a book which I 
warmly recommend to you: The 
I'AT Book of Thrilling Stories. 
This has been put out in an effort 
to mend the sometimes sinister 
reputation of the Customs and 
Excise, and today I would like to 
bring you one entire yarn from the 
collection, entitled: 

To Hell and Back, Plus 15% 

The wind whistled thinly across 
the deserted wastes of Antarctica, 
looking for some green thing to 
blast or a living creature to freeze 
to death. To its surprise, the wind 
found the trudging shape of the 
Hon Julius Blinker walking slowly 
through the desolate plain. His 
snowmobile had just broken down 
and he was looking for a small 
garage that might still be open for 
minor repairs: but of course things 
close very early in that part of the 
world and so fer he bad had no 

The Hon Julius Blinker was not 
at all the sort of man you would 
expect to find in the Antarctic. 
Underneath those thick polar 
clothes he was wearing a pink-and- 
whiie striped shirt, a sober, dark- 
blue suit and a neat carnation in 
his buttonhole. The only con- 
cession to the conditions was the 
feet that the carnation was plastic. 
Julius was one of the new breed of 
investment broker: tough, un- 
compromising and ruthless, he 
had been given the Antarctic as his 
area, and told to get on with It. 

“Go down there and invest!” 
they told him. “Or rather, go down 
there and broke! At any rate, go 
down there before any other 
company gets down there." 

A quarter of an hoar's walk 
brought Julius bade to base camp, 
where the rest of his investment 
team were already busy on the 
game of bridge wj(h which they 
whiled away most evenings. Truth 
to tclL the Antarctic had not 
proved good territory for invest- 
ment broking and they found 
themselves playing more and 

more bridge. On the other hand. 1 
they were getting very good at 
bridge and were already in the ’ 
final heats of the 1986 Scientific - 
International Survey Tour- . 
nament * 

“There you are at last, Julius!” 1 
Harry, his second-in-command* . 
said. “What kept you?” 

“The fuel froze in my snow- - 
mobile,” Julius said tersely. ? 

“Serves you right for not skiing, - 
like us,” said Amanda. - 

There were four of them aj- ■ 
together, including Julius.. There: 
was Harry, the quickest man with 
a unit trust south of Tierra del • 
Fuego. There was Amanda, otig- ? 
inally brought out to handle the ; 
cooking for business lunches and 
the flower-arranging, but who had 
developed into a fearless explorer. 
And there was Simon, the commu- 
nications expert, who didn't say * 
much but was good at his job and J 
brilliant at bridge. ; 

“It must be about time for the 
Booker Prize again,” Simon un- ' 
expectedly said. “I rather fancy 1 
okJ Kingsley Amis this year." 

“Not a chance,” said Julius. ’ 
“You can understand what he - 
writes. What chance has he got?” 

“WdL I wouldn't mind betting _ 
a tenner on him," said Simon. 

“You're on,” said Julius. It is of * 
such simple pleasures that life is : 
composed when one is stranded in 
the Antarctic, with nothing to ~ 
interrupt the daily routine. Except ,' 
that Julius's life was most un- • 
expectedly interrupted only a * 
week later when three . British 
policemen burst into base camp 
and arrested him. 

“ Arrested T said Julius. “Oh • 
what charges?” ~ ' f 

“Evading betting tax on 47 - 
games of bridge, gambling illegally- 
on the Booker Prize, unlawftdiy / 
setting up a sweepstake on a* 
cockroach race, withholding bet- 1 
ting duty on a lottery to raise' 
.money for orphan penguins 

Dear reader, you have probably - 
guessed by now that Simon was a > 
resourceful, brilliant VAT officer 
is ..disguise, who had radioed^ 
details of Julius's crimes back - 

At his trial, Julius called Harry ' 
and Amanda as witnesses: He had ' 
no idea that they,- loo, were- VAT- * 
officers. So next -time you think of j 
going to the South Pole to have a ' 
quiet bet, don’t even bother. WeU - 
be there first.- .1 

You can bet on- iL 



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Universities rebut industry gibe 



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LuwSS!?^ ** 0We flew to 
to yesterday, more 

in hope than expectation of 
doling Britain's eleven Euro* 
P^Ji partners into taking 

against Syria, 
tx^nenee has taught that it is 
«ard enough to find common 
economic interests among 
twelve nation states, letalonea 
pohtical consensus. To per- 
suade them to take common 
action against a third party, 
with whom they have had 
duienng historic links, would 
require strength and commit- 
ment of which there is so far 
little sign. 

The difficulty over trade 
sanctions is the femiiiaF one — 
that some have more to lose 
than others. With £8Im ex- 
ports and £79m imports to and 
from Syria last year, Britain 
was Syria's sixth biggest trad- 
mg partner from within the 
•ij Organization for Economic 
Cooperation and Develop- 
ment (OECD) — with only six 
per cent of the market By 
contrast, the West Germans 
(the biggest) had 17 per cent, 
Itely 15 per cent and France 
12.5 per cent Reports (of- 
ficially denied in Paris) that 
France is about to conclude a 
multi-million franc arms dea l 
with Damascus exemplify the 
difficulties that Britain fac es . 

France' again has eight of its 
nationals held hostage by Syr- 
ian-backed groups in Lebanon. 
It is a fact of life that foreign 
polity is influenced by such 
considerations. In Syria's case 
moreover there is the argu- 
ment that it re mains a power- 
ful force in the Middle East It 
is commonly said that peace 
cannot be secured in the 
Middle East without Syria's' 
blessing or even connivance. 
For Europe to sever its connec- 
tions with Damascus would 
diminish its influence in die 
Levant and any role it might 

aspire to in the peace process. 

These arguments are famil- 
iar and have so far proved 
decisive in determining West- 
ern policies towards Syria. 
President Assad, as the’ Soviet 
Union's chief surrogate in the 
region, has led something of a 
charmed life. Even the Ameri- 
cans 'have found it more 
convenient to target Colonel 
Gadaffi in their lonely war 
against international tenor- ■ 
ism, not just because he has 
looked more culpable but be- 
cause he has had fewer friendk 

These arguments have so far 
been accepted because the 
Syrian connection with terror- 
ism has always been only half- 
proven. The evidence has been 
rireumsfimtial and , in the face 
of pious denials from Assad, it 
has been .convenient for most 
Western powers to let their 
case rest 

The court case which ended 
in London last week, however, 
has changed all that The 
Foreign Secretary travelled to 
Luxembourg armed with in- 
controvertible proof of the 
complicity of members of the 
Syriara embassy in the plot to 
blow up an Israeli airliner with 
some 300 people on board. 
While its officials may not 
have been the frontmen, they 
provided the infrastructure for 
Nezar Hindawi and his col- 
leagues and would seem to 
have been deeply involved in 
the planning. 

It is not as if this has been 
the first occasion. Bombs 
which have exploded within 
the last twelve months in West 
Berlin, Rome and Madrid 
seem to have a Syrian connec- 
tionr'At the very least Assad 
has allowed terrorist organiza- 
tions to maintain headquarters 
in D amascus and thp yvj<te |i<y 
now collated in Britain seems 
to confirm that their involve- 
ment is far deeper than that. 

European action is thus called 
for not just to demonstrate 
support for . an ally, but to. 
protect Europe's joint in- 
terests. Those victims of 
crimes committed in the nam e 
of Arab nationalism, are EEC 
. citizens who have (or had) a 
right to expea some reaction 
by their governments. 

One has to admit that for the 
reasons outlined above, the 
chance of the European 
Community's breaking off 
relations with Syria is remoie. 
The French will not sever their 
links with a country in which 
they have a historic interest 
On die other hand, there are 
ways in which the Europeans 
could demonstrate their ex- 
treme displeasure with Presi- 
dent Assad. The Canadians 
have done so, and so have the 
Americans — whose interest in 
Syria as a major player On the 
Middle East stage is greater 
than that of any European 

All EEC countries should at 
least recall their ambassadors 
for consultations. Community 
aid to Damascus should be put 
under the harshest spotlight 
The movements of Syrian 
diplomats in the Community 
should be restricted. Stricter 
visa regulations for Syrians 
visiting Europe should be im- 
posed. The support offered at 
yesterday's meeting offered lit- 
tle prospect of this land of 
response and the Greek gov- 
ernment in particular should 
be made aware of this 
country's disappointment 
While the conventional wis- 
dom dictates that one cannot 
have peace in the Middle East 
without Syria, it can be argued 
with equal force that one 
cannot achieve peace with it If 
Europe does not flex its dip- 
lomatic muscle now, it might 
have cause in due course to 
regret its inaction. 


* : t *.t Miles Kinston 

To those without religious 
belief the gathering of re- 
ligious leaders at Assisi, at the 
invitation of Pope John Paul 
II, to pray for world peace, 
may strike a cynical note. After 
all. it can be argued that 
religion has caused more wars 
than it has ever stopped, and 
religious wars have been more 
ferocious and long-lasting than 
wars inspired by mere interest. 
Indeed, the task of confronting 
this contradiction is a painful 
duty for member of all re- 
ligions. Since the Founder of 
Christianity numbers the 
Prince of Peace among his 
titles, however, it is a duty 
which falls upon Christians 
with particular severity. 

It is fitting, therefore, that 
the leader of the largest Chris- 
tian denomination should 
have taken the initiative. That 
so many should have accepted 
his invitation — from the 
Archbishop of Canterbury to 
the Dalai Lama, from Mos- 
lems to animists — pays tribute 
to the Pope’s unique standing 
as a Christian spokesman to 
other religions, to the empha- 
sis that different faiths increase 
ingly place on peace, to the 
consciousness of past sins of 
neglect in this regard, and 
above ail to the new fact of 
mutual Tespeci among re- 
ligions which not long ago saw 
in each other only darkness 
and error. 

Yesterday they came to- 
gether in prayer — though not, 
of course, to the same God. 
Moslems, Jews and Christians 
— despite - considerable dif- 
ferences of theology — address 
their prayers to . the same 
monotheistic Deity. He bears 
only a slight resemblance, 
however, to the gods of ani- 
mists or Buddhists. 

These differences can, of 
course, be reconciled. It is 
open to a Christian to regard 
other faiths as offering partial 
insights into a religious fruth 
of which his own beliefs are the 
culmination. That is increas- 
ingly the tendency of modern 
religious thought In effect, the 
Pope dealt with peace yes- 
terday in exactly that spirit 
“The challenge of 
peace....transcends religious 
differences," he said. But he 
added his own humble convic- 
tion that “peace bears the 
name of Jesus Christ” 

But it would be self-decep- 
tion to assume that this liberal 
attitude generally characterises 
the world's religions. For Is^ 
lam was represented at Assisi 
by only two Imams, and the 
most prominent and influen- 
tial teacher in Shia Islam, the 
Ayatollah Khomeini, is cur- 
rently fighting a major war. 
Indeed, the concept of jihad, 
or holy war, has a prominence 
in the fundamentalist Islam 
now sweeping much of the 

Middle East which contrasts 
strongly with the stress on 
peace of milder and less 
missionary friths. 

Even among the Pope’s own 
flock, moreover, whenever the 
religious message of peace 
clashes with real tribal feeling, 
it seems that tribal feeling 
generally triumphs. The 
Pope’s visit to Ireland was a 
success in many ways, but his 
appeals to halt the violence fell 
on deaf ears and the IRA 
campaign continued. Re- 
ligions in the vigour of youth 
have an intolerance of dif- 
ferent opinions which leads 
naturally to conflict When 
they develop the detachment 
which sees the value of other 
friths, they have lost the 
compelling sway over the 
frithfiil which would once 
have enabled them to decree 

That should not however, 
be a counsel of despair so 
much as an incentive to 
greater effort If the Pope’s 
appeal for peace did nothing 
else yesterday, it saved lives in 
countries like El Salvador, 
Nicaragua, Chile, Morocco, 
Angola, and the Sudan where 
warring factions agreed to a 
cease-fire. And since the effi- 
cacy of prayer can. never be 
fully known except to the God 
to Whom it is addressed, more 
than that may have been 

From the Rector of Imperial 
College qf Science ana T echnalogy 
Sir, I read your report (October 
23) on Mr Kenneth Baker’s en- 
counter with the House of Lords 
committee on the state of 
research and development with a 
growing sense of puzzlement. The 
feet that there are many who are as 
yet unaware of the extent of the 
collaboration between universities 
and industry is not news; that, 
evidently, Mr Kenneth Baker is of 
their number is a painful surmise. 

This is the more so since, in a 
previous embodiment, be has 
himself done much to engender 
new forms of collaboration, nota- 
bly in the creation of the Aivey 
Initiative in the furtherance of, 
information technology, which. I 
am quite sore he would agree, 
received total and enthusiastic 
backi n g from the university 
community. Is this visible reality 
all square with his suggestion that 
. . there has [not] been very 
much opening of doors into tire 
ivory towers"? 

Universities appreciate that 
they must do their bit to explain 
the extent to which both their 

r lied and basic research is just 
. — applicable to industry and 
commerce. It was with this in 
mind that the University of 
London recently staged a major 
exhibition — “The Science for 
Industry Fair” — to trace the path 
from university creativity to 
industrial products. 

Tt showed the range and di- 
versity of applied research in 
applied earth sciences, biomedical 
engineering, biotechnology, 
information tench ology, marine 
technology, . materials science, 

It was opened by her Royal 
Highness Princess Anne; it was 
seen by a large number of indus- 
trialists in the evenings; by 8,000 
schoolchildren, who also attended 
a series of special lectures. Mr 
Baker had planned to come, but 
unhappily, was prevented from 
attending at the very last moment 
•The University of London, this 
year celebrating the 150th 
anniversary of its foundation, has, - 
right from its inception, sought 
partnership with industry. The 
university system as a whole has 
responded with great vigour to the 
growing need, a response which 
has imposed strains on the infra- 
structure which are hard to sus- 

None the less, we are pursuing 
even greater and wider interaction 
with industry and commerce. We 
are happy to discuss with Govern- 
ment any additional means by 
which we might further develop 
collaborative university-industry - 
research. Perhaps,' though, we 
could agree that ivory towers are 
quite extinct — at least within the 
university system. 

Y ours faithfully, 

E. A. ASH, Rector, 

Imperial College of Science and 

Prince Consort Road, SW7. 

October 27. 

From ProfL. Finkdstein.FEng 
Sir. I am a typical engineering 
academic and this has been for me 
a typical week. There were a 
number of incidental distractions 
from my tasks for the week, which 
were to leach engineering design 
and research into design for safety. 

On Sunday, I finished attending 
a weekend conference in connec- 
tion with my duties as a scientific 
adviser on civil defence. 

On Monday. 1 showed to a 
Government minister the work on 
computer-aided design and 
robotic vision of the research 
centre which I direct and ex- 
plained to him our many indus- 
trial contracts. 

On Tuesday. I was at my 
professional institution to 
progress further a programme of 
action to promote and advance 
the practice of management and 

On Wednesday. 1 attended the 
annual general meeting and meet- 
ing of the board of directors of an 
industrial company for which I am 
a non-executive director. 

On Thursday morning I read in 
The Times that the Secretary of 
State for Education and Science 
has “accused universities of living 
in ivory towers”. 

I reflected for a moment that it 
is Government ministers and 
Civil Servants who do not live in 
“the real world” and got on with 
my work for the day. 

Yours frith folly. 


School of Electrical Engineering 
and Applied Physics. 

The City University, 

Northampton Square, EC1. 
October 23. 

From the Secretary and Registrar 
of Southampton University 
Sir, The Secretary of State for 
Education and Science has re- 
cently given evidence to a House 
of Lords sub-committee and if he 
has been accurately reported by 
your political staff I fear that it is 
he, rather than universities, who is 
living in an ivory tower. 

Far from universities being 
reluctant to set up links with 
industry and other outside bodies, 
they have been doing so eff- 
ectively for many years. In 
Southampton’s case, for example, 
out of a total income of £52 
million in the year ended August 
31, 1986, no less than 29 per cent 
was derived from outside research 
grants and contracts, tire income 
from our 19 industrial advisory 
units and income obtained by 
other departments for services 
rendered to non-uni veristy bodies. 

This income, in both ca^fa and 
percentage terms, has been 
steadily rising over recent years 
and it is a worry that the secretary 
of state does not appear to know 

Yours faithfully, 


Secretary and Registrar, 

The University, 


Southampton, Hampshire. 

Incident in Verona 

From Mr Madron Seligman. MEP 
for Sussex West (European Demo- 

crat (Conservative)) 

Sir, In his letter of October 15 on 
compensation for victims of mug- 
ging and terrorism at home and 
abroad, Edward McMillan-Scott 
states that criminal injury 
compensation boards exist in 
Great Britain, Eire, France and 
West Germany, which are avail- 
able to nationals and visitors 

Unfortunately, France is an 
exception. Under French law such 
compensation has not been avail- 
able to foreign visitors unless a 
reciprocal treaty has been signed 
or tire victim has a 10-year 
residence permit 
The Council of Europe Conven- 
tion os Compensation for Victims 
of Criminal Injury, signed by 

Britain and France in October, 
1983, has not yet been ratified by 
their national parliaments. 

Nevertheless, the British Crim- 
inal Injuries Compensation Board 
does, in fret, grant substantial 
compensation to victims of aD 
nationalities, including several 
French, thus operating the spirit of 
the convention. The French 
Commission d'Indemnisation des 
Yictunes dTnfiactions has not yet 
followed suit - 

It is deplorable that any govern- 
ment takes its obligations to 
protect the public from injury so 
lightly. A rapid ratification of the 
convention by all signatories is 
essential if tourism and business 
travel is to be undertaken with 
some peace of mind. 

Yours frithfoUy, 

Micklepage House, Nuthurst, 

Nr Horsham. West Sussex. 

Listing procedure 

From the Secretary of the National 
Association of Load Councils 
Sir, I assume that Dr Black 
(October 17) is asking for a legal 
right of appeal against the listing 
of all types of preserved sites, 
because he knows of cases where 
the authority, in deciding to list 
the site, has made a wrong 
decision. It is, however, equally 
possible to make the wrong de- 
cision by not listing a potential site 
and there is no appeal against that 
refusal, which can be as important 
as a wrong listing. 

The parish, town and commu- 
nity councils represented by this 
association, have over many years 
sought a right of appeal against 
decisions by planning authorities 
which permit development, or 
refuse protections to properties, 
where the local community is 
strongly opposed to the proposed 
changes in their environment, and 
where the changes will damage 
that environment 

If there is fo be an extension of 
rights of appeal for individuals 
who are affected by decisions of 
listing authorities it is as vital to 
the genera] public good that there 
should also be proper permission 
for appeals against those derisions 
which are contrary to the wishes 
and interests of the local commu- 

Yours frithfolly, 

JOHN CLARK, Secretary, 

The National Association of Local 

1 08 Great Russell Street, WC1. 

A kind of ‘Church’ 




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H r 

. ■ ,? ‘ l 

•- -• \'-.V 

In Belfast on Friday night, Mr 
Enoch Powell delivered the 
third of a recent trio of 
speeches in which he has 
expounded and expanded his 
long-held view that the British, 
Irish and American govern- 
ments are engaged in a covert 
conspiracy to arrange the 
reunification of Ireland against 
the wishes of a million union- 
ists in' Northern Ireland. 
American strategists would 
prefer, he claims, a united 
Ireland which was inside 

In mainland Britain, these 
views have been treated with 
the indifference they deserve: 
the same may not necessarily 
be true in Northern Ireland 
itself. Unionists are generally 
more disposed to believe in 
Whitehall treachery. Unionist 
hostility to the Hillsborough 
Agreement has increased their 
curiosity over the explanation 
for what most regard as an- 
other- “betrayal" by London. 

Conspiracy theories are an 
attractive weapon for .poli- 
ticians to deploy. An audience 
can be engaged in the game of 
making lurid inferences from 
known truths or half-truths. 
Laid , side -by side, these in- 
ferences -can be arranged in a ■ 
sinister patient which can be 
extended by further specu- 

lative embroidery. Govern- 
ments are reluctant to give any 
credence to the claims by 
responding; that reluctance is 
buttressed by official secrecy 
and by the inhibitions of 
collective responsibility. The 
theorist sees only confirmation 
of his suspicions in the result- 
ing silence. 

By far the worst accusations 
Mr Powell makes are his 
allegations that the Pro- 
visional IRA and the Irish 
National Liberation Army 
(INLA) are acting as agents of 
this multi-national conspiracy 
and that officials m. the British, 
Irish or American govern- 
ments were directly or in- 
directly involved in 
commissioning the murders of 
Lord Mountbatten and Mr 
Airey Neave in 1979, and of 
those who died in the Grand 
Hotel in Brighton five years 
later. The simplest rebuttal of 
this smear is the observation 
that not one single piece of 
evidence exists to support it 

In the second of his 
speeches. Mr Powell detailed 
some questions which he 
thinks should be investigated 
bv the Commons Select 
Committee on Foreign Affairs. 
The material which most «x- 
him comes from tne 

alleged record of a conversa- 
tion between an academic 
researcher and a middle rank 
Northern Ireland Office civil 
servant several years ago. Nei- 
ther the government nor the 
individual involved have ever 
confirmed the authenticity of 
this account. Much of the rest 
of the “evidence” consists of 
apparently sinister phrases on 
the public record which are 
consistent- with at least one 
construction other than the 
one Mr Powell places on them, 
and in some cases with several 

This hocus-pocus reaches a 
climax in this sentence: “A 
handy witness (in front of the 
Select Committee) would be 
Sir Kenneth Stowe, Permanent 
Secretary in the NIO at the 
time, who could also elucidate 
the political steps derided by a 
meeting of officials in the 
autumn of 1979 after the 
murder of Lord 
Mountbatten.” Officials in 
government would have been 
remiss if they had not been 
meeting in the wake of that 
atrocity. They are charged with 
giving political ad rice to min- 
isters. And so on. It is not 
difficult to see why the Foreign 
Affairs Committee has de- 
clined Mr Powell's invitation 
to inquire further. 

From the Right Reverend Patrick 

Sir. I hope that the Conservative 
Party will be very chary of 
identifying itself with the kind of 
“Church” recommended by Mr 
Roger Scruton (October 21). 

-From his description, this is a 
Church whose creed is based upon 
property; which does not believe 
in grace but solely in human merit 
and achievement: which wishes 
neither to give nor to receive 

forgiveness; which teaches that the 
chief end of man is to look after 
No 1; and which holds that any 
help to the less fortunate must be 
proved cost-effective. 

Whatever such a religion is, it is 
clearly one alternative to 
Christianity. And there will surely 
be others beside Christian electors 
who may notice this. 

Yours faithfully, 


12 Warrender Park Terrace. 

October 22. 

Emergency call . 

From Mr H. W. Bees 
Sir, There are an increasing num- 
ber of people over 70 years old 
who live alone and who. sooner or 
later, are liable to become un- 
expectedly ill or drop down dead. 
Dqiending on when or where this 
occurs, someone (police, hospital, 
neighbour or stranger) may have 
the problem of deciding who they 
are and who is their next-of-kin. 

_V wonder therefore if a next-of- 
kin registry service could be 
established through the credit card 
system. Could not the providers of 

these cards record our next-of-ltin 
if we asked them to do so. allowing 
us to indicate the fret by writing 
“nok reg” on the strip where we 
pnt our signature? 

If any credit card organisation 
wished to give the idea a limited 
trial run they could start by 
limiting it to the.over-80s and later 
increase its availability by reduc- 
ing the qualifying age. 

Yours truly. 


60 Bicton Street. 

Exmouth. Devon. 

October 20. 

Lure of Einstein 

From Dr I. W. Parsons 
Sir, Dr Wilski's contention (Octo- 
ber 20) that “None of the real 
technical achievements of our age 
are based on the theoiy of relativ- 
ity or any similar speculation” 
simply denes belief. 

It would be nearer the mark to 
say that all the main technological 
achievements of the age (e.g^ 
atomic power, both fission and 
fusion; some lasers, and the 
majority of their large-scale fre- 
quent uses; and a number of the ■ 
everyday quantum-mechanical ■ 
semiconducting devices) rely 
wholly or in large part upon 
phenomena whose understanding 
may be approached only via 
relativistic speculation. 

This is not to say, of course, that 
any deep understanding of the 
theories of relativity is usually 
required for the construction and 
operation of such devices; the 
great Architect of the universe so 
arranged matters that, e.g., an 
atomic bomb works. The point is 
that no one would have thought of 
building atomic power stations 
without the insights that relativity 
brings to us. 

Yours sincerely. 


Department of Chemistry. 

The University of Birmingham. 


Fairer treatment 
for archaeology 

OCTOBER 28 1839 

From the Reverend Canon John 

Sir. The correspondence on the 
financing of rescue archaeology 
that has appeared since the 
description of the excavation of 
Maiden Castle (September 3) 
needs supplementing from our 
experience in Lincolnshire 
The costs of rescue archaeology 

in a county such as Lincolnshire — 
large and hugely rich in 
archaeological sites, but with low 
rateable values in the county and 
scanty local funds — are the same 
as anywhere else, but the propor- 
tion they might make of a 
developer’s budget is daunungjy 
and unrealistically high. . 

It is not easy to see a way 
forward. Deep ploughing and 
drainage schemes in ihe fens, 
necessary urban development in 
Lincoln itself, mineral extraction, 
and other processes destructive of 
archaeological evidence — these all 
present dangers on a scale with 
which the resources available even 
in past years simply cannot cope. 

There is little prospect that the 
national and local funds budgeted 
for archaeology will rise to levels 
which meet au (or most) of the 
demands of the situation. And it 
will take some time before devel- 
opers in this pan of the world 
assume the level of financial 
responsibility that might be 
considered normative toward the 
archaeological evidence they re- 

Archaeology is still a badly paid 
profession for a graduate to em- 
bark on. But our past deserves 
better, and fairer, treatment. The 
principle of “capacity to pay” 
seems an inappropriate criterion 
to determine whether a site in one 
area of our nation as against 
another, receives the full 
archaeological treatment from 
developers — or indeed any treat- 
ment at all — before being earth- 
moved to oblivion. 

JOHN NURSER (Chairman, 
Friends of Lincoln Archaeo- 
logical Research and Excavation), 
c/o The Sessions House, 

Lindum Road. Lincoln. 

No Popery um an old cry ; but 
Raman Catholicism had recently 
been given fresh impetus by the 
arrival of thousands of French 
I emigres arid the passing in 1829 qf 
the Catholic Emancipation Act 
Spiritual revival was in the air. 

The Protestant Reformation 
Society was established in 1827 
and in 1845 the Protestant 
Alliance was founded "exposing 
the errors of Roman Catholicism, 
Angto-CathoUdsm. and modem 
error” in die words of the 

Protestant Dictionary. Irish 
immigration into Lioerpool had 
I not readied the level it did during 
the famines of the 1840s. but that 

city was already a promising area 
for the militant Protestant. 


LIVERPOOL, Saturday. 
Last night a great display of I 
Protestant feeling was made in this [ 
town on the occasion of the ! 
formation of a new association, 
having for its object the promotion 
and encouragement of Protestant 
principle is the rising generation. 
The society was formed in conse- 
quence of Ihe exertions recently j 
made by the Papists to propagate 
the delusions of their religion 
among the younger portion of the 
communi ty. The Ro man Catholics 
of Liverpool boast that they are 
nearly 100,000 strong in the town, 
and that their numbers (in conse- 
quence of the almost Royal counte- 
nance given to them) are daily 
increasing- They have recently 
established what they term “A 
Protector Society”, the real object 
of which is to obtain power in the 
local legislature, by subscribing 
funds for the purpose of paying the 
rates, &c., of the lower chases of 
Roman Catholics, and by ell means 

in their power to encroach upon 
the established church and rein- 
state the tolerant reign of Papery. 
The association, which held its 
first meeting in the Music Hall last 
evening, was called into existence 
in the first instance fay a few 
spirited young men and is desig- 
nated “The Young Men’s Estab- 
lished Church Society”. It was one 
of the most n n mpr mwi meetings 
ever held within the h«H, it being 
so exceedingly crowded that hun- 
dreds surrounded the doors unable 
to gain admittance, and fears were 
entertained inside for the safety of 
the floors . . . 

The most influential of the 
gentry, merchants, and clergy of 
the borough and neighbourhood 
appeared upon the platform. 

Mr. C. Cresswell, M.P. for 
Liverpool, stepped forward, amid 
loud cheers, and said . . . There 
was no person who had observed 
the coarse of events but must have 
perceived that the attacks that had 
been directed against the estab- 
lished church of the realm had been 
various in their mode and in their 
degrees of malignity. Some had 
talked of pulling down the estab- 
lished church, in the vain hope of 
establishing their own church in its 
room. Others had wished to reduce 
it, for the purpose of degrading all 
modes of religion to the same dead 
level. Others again had shown an 
ardent desire to extinguish the 
light of religious troth, because 
their own deeds were evil; others, 
indifferent of religion altogether, 
had onfy political objects in view, 
and directed their efforts against 
the established church, because 
they thought it one of the first and 
strongest bulkwarks of the state, 
and they deemed that to pull down 
the one was the readiest and surest 
way to cany destruction to the 
other. (Loud cheers) . . . Others, 
more insidious, had attempted to 
form a system of national educa- 
tion, of which religion was not to 
form a part; and nothing could be 
better c a lculated to succeed, if they 

allowed them to cany it into effect, 

in sapping the foundation of 
national religion, and ba ni s hi ng 
gradually that respect in which the 
truth had been held. 

The Rev. H. MTSleile then came 
forward amid loud cheers . . . The 
rev. gentleman, having dwelt with 
considerable eloquence on the im- 
portance of adopting the spirit of 
the resolution, said that looking 
practically at the benefit, social 
and relative, of the nation, consid- 
ered as a whole, they alleged that 
the national church was productive 
of more benefit than any other. It 
contributed more to the peace and 
safety, the morality and happiness, 
of the oo innumiiy , than the army, 
more than the navy, more than any 
courts of law, more than the 
magistracy, more than the police. 
The officers of human justice 
restrained the outward enormities 
of those members of the communi- 
ty who were not influenced, who 
could not be reached, fay the 
church. The church, however, pre- 
1 the great bulk of the 

Greyhound racing 

From Mr P. A. S^'eeney 
Sir, Lord NewaU’s plea (October 
II) for a greyhound betting levy 
must be ignored until a statutory 
board is set up to control the sport 
and end the prevailing jungle law. 
Greyhound racing had lost its 
credibility as a respectable sport 
long before the horserace levy was 
introduced and its demise cannot 
be attributed to the absence of 
another levy in addition to those 
that the tracks already extract. 

Lord NewaJl boasts that bis 
industry attracts a million more 
spectators than horse-racing does. 
This statistic must be viewed in- 
conjunction with three others. 
There are twelve limes as many 

greyhound meetings; there are 
now no more than 40.000 people 
who go to the dogs regularly: and 
more than half of these are 

Lord Newall tells us that 20 per 
cent of off-course betting is on 
greyhounds. The proportion of 
this which relates lo evening 
racing is negligible. Greyhound 
officource bets are almost entirely 
wagered on afternoon meetings 
when horse-racing is curtailed 
because of inclement weather and 
when the unfortunate greyhounds 
air sometimes exploited to race 
regardless of the condition of the 
running surface. 

Bookmakers contribute about 
£1 .5 million to his tracks for these 
meetings. They also pay the tracks 

as much as 50 times the price of 
admission money instead of the 
statutory fee of five times that 
price and they stop 1 percent of 
punters’ winnings on behalf of the 
tracks in addition toohe 4 per cent 
belting tax for the Treasury. Those 
who bet on the totalisator are 
obliged to hand over up to \l'h per 
cent to the tracks. 

All these levies affect the pocket 
of that endangered species — the 
greyhound racegoer. Any further 
levy for the benefit of a selfish 
minority of promoters could not 
be justified. 

Yours etc. 

P. A. SWEENEY (Chairman. 
Greyhound Council of Britain). 
WheatfiekL Church Lawford. 
Rugby. Warwickshire. 

I tracy any trouble at all- If the 
I church were extended be it ought to 
(be by the Government, and ener- 
it to be in itself, there 
would be little occasion for police- 
men. One true-hearted clergyman 
preaching the gospel or the grace of 
God, visiting the sick, and organiz- 
ing the schools, prevented more 
crime a hundred of the most 
active policemen in the 
kingdom ... 

Mechanical aid 

From Mr John May 
Sir. Mr .Alfred Black (October 17) 
who charmed a computer, is 
indeed fortunate. Which? maga- 
zine. when offering unsolicited 
numbers in a prize draw, wrote 
not only to me but to Ms JAM, 

I wrote to their computer saying 
I was a Mr and that no Ms JAM 
jived at my address. Back came an 
offer addressed to Ms JAM Esq. 
(He/she didn't win anything ei- 

Yours sincerely. 



Danes Cose. 

Oxshott, Surrey. 


'■•if . 




* 4 * * * 


]-», \tA| 





Forthcoming marriages 

October 27: The Princess Anne, 
Mrs Mark Phillips, this evening 
attended The Air League An- 
nual Reception in aid ofThe Air 
League Educational Trust in the 
Martini Terrace, New Zealand 
House, Haynaaxket. London 

Her Royal Highness later 
attended a banquet in aid of the 
Great Ormond Street Hospital 
for Sick Children, at the 
Guildhall, London EC2 and was 
received on arrival by Her 
Majesty's Lord-Lieutenant for 
Cambridgeshire (Mr Michael 

Mis Timothy Holderness- 
Roddam was in attendance. 

October 27: The Princess of 
Wales attended the Women of 
the Year luncheon, in aid of the 
Greater London Fund for the 
blind, at the Savoy Hotel, 
Strand, London WC2. 

Miss Alexandra Loyd and 
Lieutenant-Commander Rich- 
ard Ayiard, RN. were in atten- 

The Prince of Wales has ap- 
pointed Mr David Landale as 
Secretary and Keeper of the 
Records of the Duchy of Corn- 
wall in succession to the late Sir 
John Higgs, KCVO. Mr L an da le 
win become Secretary Designate 
on November 1, 1986. 

f~ Qpf’gin JA Troop 
and Miss CG- Bu chana n 
The engagement is announced 
between James Astley Troup. 
Argyll and Sutherland High- 
landers. son of Vice-Admiral Sir 
Anthony and Lady Troup, of 
Bridge Gardens. Hunger! ord, 
and Carolyn Gail, eldest daugh- 
ter of the late MrT.O. Buchanan 
and Mrs P.M. Buchanan, of 
Rowmore. Rhu. 

Mr DJ. Church 
and Miss A-MX, Frtzsinnms 
The engagement is announced 
between David, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs JA. Church, of 
Milton Keynes, and Alice, only 
daughter of Dr and Mrs J.T. 
Fitzsimons. of Cambridge. 

Mr CM- Janies 
and Miss CJ. Oew$ 

The engagement is announced 
between Clive Malcolm, only 
son of Captain G.MA James, 
RN. and Mrs James, of Row- 
lands Castle, Hampshire, and 

Candida Jane, younger daughter 
Of Mr and Mrs MA Clews, of 
Tunbridge Wells. Kent. 

Mr N.M. Keith 
and Mbs G.V. Onslow 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, son of the 
late Mr and Mrs J.R. Keith, and 
Geraldine, younger daughter of 
the late Captain R_T. Onslow, 
Royal Marines, and Mrs 
Onslow, of Westend House, 
Hambledon. Hampshire. 

Mr B.R. Leckie 
and Miss C.M. Thwahe 
The engagement is announced 
between Bruce, only son of Mr 
and Mrs Roy Leckie. of Ch isle- 
hurst, Kent, and Caroline, sec- 
ond daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Anthony Thwaite. of Low 
Tharsion. Norfolk. 

Dr M.H. Mosley 
and Dr C.F. Bailey 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael, son of Mr 
A-D.A.G. (Bill) Mosley, of Hong 
Kong, and Mrs Joan Mosley, of 
Bournemouth, and Clare, 
daughter of Dr and Mrs Andrew 
Bailey, of Chelsea. 

Mr J-M- Nicholson 
and Miss E. Brooke-Smith 
The engagement is announced 
between. Jeremy, son of Mr and 
Mrs ED. Nicholson, of Morti- 
mers, Barley, Hertfordshire, and 
Elizabeth, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs BJ. Brooke-Smith, of 
Wyses House. Widdington, 

Mr J.H. Worsley 
and Miss L.W. PUGeld 
The engagement is announced 
between Jonathan, second son 
of Mr and Mrs JA. Worsley. of 
Uxbridge, Ontario. Canada, and 
Laura, elder daughter of Mr 
R.H. Pitfieid and Mis D.W. 
Pitfield, ofToronto and Ottawa. 

The Rev David Stranack with the newly-recovered Constable painting, Christ Blessing 
Bread and Wine, which had been stolen from his church. St James', at Nay land. Suffolk, 

where it was painted in 1809 (Photograph: Chris Harris). 


The Prince of Wales, President 
of the Salisbury Cathedral Spire 
Trust, will attend the Parish 
Purses Collection service in 
Salisbury Cathedral on Novem- 
ber 2. 

Princess Anne, President of the 
Save the Children Fund, will 
visit two Save the Children 
Fund Projects in Essex on 
November 3 - the Ark Project. 
Harwich, and Clacton Family 
Centre. Clacton. 

Princess Anne. Chancellor of 
London University, will open 
the new extension to the Depart- 
ment of Child and Adolescent 
Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park. 
Denmark HflL SE5, on Novem- 
ber 4, and later will attend the 
opening ceremony of the 
Hunterian Institute at the Royal 
College of Surgeons of England, 
35-43 Lincoln's Inn Fields. She 
will accept conferment of the 
honorary fellowship of the 


A memorial service for Lord 
Plant will be held at St 
Margaret's, Westminster, at 
noon today. 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Sir Desmond Pond will be 

life of Sir Desmond Pond will be 
held at Si Paul's. Knighisbridge. 
at noon today. 

Birthdays today 

Mr Francis Bacon, 77; Air Chief 
Marshal Sir Hany Broadhurst, 
81; Mr Cari Davis. 50: Sir 
Frederick Delve. 84; Mr David 
Dimbleby, 48; Professor Sir 
Richard DolL 74; Lord Fraser of 
Kilmorack, 71; Surgeon Rear- 
Admiral John Keeling, 65; Miss 
Geo Laine, 59; the Eari of 
Lanesborough, 68; Mr Hank 
Marvin, 45; Mr Michael 
N oakes, 53; Sir Rex Richards. 
64; Mr William Rodgers, 58. 

The Duke of York, President of 
Federation Aeronautique 
Internationale,- accompanied by 
the Duchess of York, attended a 
reception on Friday, October 24 
at which Sir John Cockney and 
the directors of Westland were 
hosts. The Duke of York pre- 
sented the World Helicopter 
Speed Record Certificate to Mr 
Trevor Egginton, Chief Test 
Pilot. Westland Helicopters. 
Those present included Mr 
Geoffrey Pattie, Minister of 
State for Industry and Informa- 
tion Technology, and Mrs Pat- 
tie. Admiral Sir William 
Stavefey, First Sea Lord and 
Chief of the Naval Staffi Air 
Marsha] Sir Anthony SVdngsley, 
Air Member for Personnel, and 
Lady Skingsley, Major General 
JJL Tempter. Assistant Chief of 
the Defence Staff, and Mis 
Templer. and the Hon 
Archibald Hamilton, Under 
Secretary of State for Defence 
Air League 

Princess Anne was received by 
the Lord Mayor of Westminster, 
the High Commissioner for 
New Zealan d. Marshal of the 
RAF Sir John Grandy, Presi- 
dent of the Air League, and Dr 
J£. Henderson, chairman, at a 
reception held at New Zealand 
House last night in aid of the 
Air League Educational Trust- 
Princess Anne presented flying 
badges to the winners of the 
trust scholarships and Dr 
Henderson was the host 

Glory of a great estate 

A second season of research 
excavations on the site of an 
exceptionally fine stone thir- 
teenth century manor house at 
Godmersham, near Canter- 
bury'. has just been completed 

The excavations, which 
were sponsored by the Kent 
ArchaelogicaJ Society and di- 
rected by the writer, are part of 
a wider programme of re- 
search to study the parish of 
Godmersham which for more 
than a miilenium was one of 
the great estates belonging to 
Canterbury Cathedral. 

The land was first given to 
the archbishop in the early 
ninth century , and he passed it 
to “his monks" (of Christ 
Church Priory) in the 1030s. It 
remained with the Cathedral 
Priory until the Dissolution. It 
was sold to the new Dean and 
Chapter by Henry VIII, and 
only in the mid-nineteenth 
century did the Dean and 
Chapter sell the freehold to 
Edward Knight, Jane Austen's 
brother and the owner of the 
neighbouring Godmersham 


Latest wills 

Sedbergh School 

Old Sedberghian day in 1987 
win be on Saturday, May 2. 
Owing to office modernization 
the despatch of the newsletter, 

Sir John Alfred Golding How- 
ard, ofKempston, Bedfordshire, 
the civil engineer who founded 

the construction company, John 
Howard&Coin 1927, left estate 
valued at £329,094 net. 

Dr Blaguigna Pop ham. of 
Beckham pton. Wiltshire, left 
£229,1 92 net. 

the “Sedberghian’' and list of 
members wifi be delayed 







□ How to invest a lump sum. □ Are Off-Shore Investments for you? □ Do you need Life Insurance? 

□ Selecting the best Mortgage. □ Retirement Planning -when to start, how to do it. □ How to 
invest in Unit Trusts. □ How to avoid Capital Gains Tax. □ Pensions for the Self-Employed. □ How 
to pay School Fees. □ What are Investment Trusts? d Alternative Investment ideas -Property, 
Wine, Antiques, Precious Metals. □ Is Investing in commodities worth considering? o Wills -do you 
have one -is it financially sound? □ Using new technology to make more profits. □ Is PEP Management 
a business to be in? □ How to raise working capital, o Equipment Financing -how to do it? □ Stock 
market Flotations -full Iisting/USM/third market. □ Business and Personal Insurance -whose is best. 

□ How Employee Share Option Schemes work? □ Management Buyouts/Partnership Break-ups - what to do 
□The Financial Services Bill and its impact. qCan you improve your cash management. 

□How to choose your Stockbroker. □ Finance and the married woman. 




M )NEY 86 opens at London’s Olympia on the 
30th October until 2nd November. Four days 

of expert advice and ideas in a relaxed and informal 
atmosphere, from over 260 leading financial 
and investment organisations and personalities. 
• FREE Show Catalogue and Investment Guide. 

• Big Bang explained in one easy lesson. 

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• Specialist Advice Centres on Unit Trusts, 
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£4.00 ENTRANCE FEE. OAT'S £2.00. 


Much documentary ev- 
idence remains is the cathe- 
dral archives (particularly 
from the thirteenth century) 
and is being studied while a 
new topographical survey is 
being made of tbe whole 
parish, in the North Downs, 
where the River Great Stour 
has cut its course through the 


Five hundred of the parish's 
3,000 acres were em parked in 
1742, and part of that area still 
contains whai is probably the 

rag two beautiful hall windows 
of two lights each with a 
quairefoit above, all covered 
with very elaborate hood 

A late eighteenth century* 
engraving of the house also 
shows that the thirteenth cen- 
tury solar fireplace with its 
chimney was still intact then, 
and fragments of all those 
features have been found in 
the excavation. 

Underlying the building are 
the remains of a Norman 
ditch as well as those of hue 
Iron Age and early Roman 
features. Documentary ev- 
idence says that a “new chapel 
with ganderobe and oriel** was 
added in 1289, but this ap- 

fraest surviving late Iron Age 
and Roman field system in 

and Roman field system in 

The excavations during the 
past two years have been 
examining (he remains of the 
large stone “court lodge" 
(ecclesiastical manor house) 
put up in the mid-thirteenth 
century when the monks once 
again took over the direct 
fanning of the demesne of the 
manor (home farm). 

Tbe building, which was 
demolished in 1955. con- 
tained some exceptionally fine 
architectural features indud- 

pears to have been a separate 
building and has not yet been 

In the eighteenth century 
boths ends of the court lodge 
were demolished and replaced 
bv a new kitchen and scullery. 
All those features have now- 
been fully excavated. 

Tim Tatton-Brown 


HM Government 
Admiral of tbe Fleet Sir John 
Fieldbouse. Chief of the De- 
fence Staff, and tbe United 
Kingdom Chiefs of Staff were 
hosts at a luncheon held yes- 
terday at Admiralty House in 
honour of Genera! Sharif Zeid 
Bio Shaker. Comma nder-m- 
Chief Jordan .Armed Forces. 

Burrow* SaH arion Arwv MHs 
Undka o*nrti. Dr virus’ OnwM- 
Jows. LMbr Grortunrt cmmdqr mk» 
Amw Dtckuisan. Dr Jjik-I Catr-Cr jnl. 

Women of the Year 

The Princess of Wales attended 
the Women of the Year lun- 
cheon held yesterday at the 
Savoy Hotel in aid of the 
Greater London Fnnd for the 
Blind. The Marchioness of Lo- 
thian. founder president, pre- 
sided and tbe other speakers 
were Miss Kate Adie, Miss 
Toyah Will cox and Mrs Susan 
Shaw, chairman. Mrs Terence 
Mallinson. Lord Mayor ofWest- 
mmster, and the Countess of 
Airlie, Mrs Edna Healey and 
Miss Virginia Wade, vice-presi- 
dents, were present. The other 
guests of honour were 

New Zealand-United 
Kingdom Chamber of 
Commerce and Industry 

Lord Denman. President of the 
New Zealand-United Kingdom 
Chamber of Commerce and 
Industry, and Mr N.R. Jones, 
chairman, received the guests at 
a luncheon held yesterday at 
Fishmongers' Hail. Baroness 
Young. Minister of State for 
Foreign and Commonweal ih 
Affairs, was the guest of honour 
and the High Commissioner for 

nxr Mayor a/ Windsor and Malden 
nead. Miss D*aiw Abbott. Mr* Mar 

New Zealand and tbe Agents- 
General for New South Wales 

Dtaoe ADtooO. Mr* Mar 
Mrs Anne Barter-Poole 
BemtonL General Eva 

General for New South Wales 
and Queensland were among 
others present. 

Science report 

How epidemics 
may take hold 

By A Special Correspondent 

Doctors in the Soviet Union 
have been asked to revise their 
ideas about the causes of 
epidemics of common Alnesses, 
covering infections diseases 
from influenza to gastric con- 
ditions, and to their 

health prevention measures 

The advice follows a long 
research programme in commu- 
nity raedkine. It concludes that 
most epidemics occur not be- 
canse a new strain of vims or 
bacterium is introduced into the 
community, but because dor- 
. mant pathogens start to multiply 
when a large group of people 
changes its composition. 

The hypothesis, elevated to 
the stature of a “recent 
discovery" by the Soviet news 
agency Novosti, has been made 
by a team of Soviet doctors, 
headed by Academician Vital) 
Belyakov, a member of the 
USSR Academy of Medical 

They came to that view altera 
lengthy study of how influenza, 
streptococci staphylococci and 
adenoviral infections spread. 
From that work they are certain 
that apart from well-established 
external factors, epidemic pro- 
cesses are also governed by 
previously unknown “internal 
regulators", based on a relation- 
ship between pathogen and host, 
which has been evolving for 

The research has con- 
centrated on army units, 
schools, kindergartens and simi- 
lar establishments in which 
epidemics frequently occurred 
after a new intake of service 
personnel or popQs. It was 
assumed that they brought ac- 
tive pathogens into such 
comparatively closed commu- 
nities. which then triggered off 
an epidemic 

Bat it has now been estab- 

lished that a permanent 
relationship exists between man 
and microbe: at any given time 
perfectly fit people play host to 
disease-prod acing organisms, 
which have adapted themselves 
to tbe hostile environment of a 
healthy body and are so well 
camouflaged that it is difficult to 
identify them. Tbe Soviet doc- 
tors compare them to felons 
hiding from the forces of law and 

order in a large city, remaining 

criminals at heart and only 
waiting for an opportunity to 
commit the next crime. 

Daring this latent period 
members of a specific group 
develop a collective immunity 
against these viruses. The situa- 
tion changes dramatically when 
new recruits or children join a 
battalion or class. The hidden 
pathogens “wake up", attack the 
newcomers, who in turn infect 
their colleagues, and an epi- 
demic begins. 

Having proved that microbes 
and man are dealing with each 
other not only during epidemics 
but also during the in between 
periods, tbe Soviet researchers 
claim that (heir new approach (0 
the emergence and proliferation 
of infectious provides a due to a 
medical puzzle: how can epidem- 
ics break out simultaneously in 
widely separated parts of the 
world which are not even con- 
nected by regular air services. 

The Russians are convinced 
they are not caused by viruses 
miraculously travelling great 
distances but quite simply by 
new people joining an existing 
community-. They believe their 
findings could help prevent fu- 
ture epidemics: Once researchers 
discover the exact hiding place 
of specific pathogens they 
should be able to render them 
harmless before thev ran attack 
the oewcoruers. 



Ike’s right-hand man who was 
brought down by scandal 

Mr Sherman Adams, who 
uas one of the most influential 
figures in Amenca during the 

prcMdencv a! Dwight 0. Et* 

' ■ „.hi iK.' ‘'vicuna 

senhower. until the "vicuna 
coat” scandal forced h» 
nation m 1 95$. dred jester* 

dav. He was $?. 

As Governor of Ne* 
Hampshire he helped to pro* 
mote Eisenhower s camlttlacs 

\ ■ 

. z# *\ 

m 1951 and soon after Ike 

Ul K UIIM ’ iV 

was elected took the post ol 
Assistant at the White House, 
when: he acted as a re&st 
efficient civilian chief of statt 
io the general-turned- 

His fall from power and 
grace caused quiet satisfaction 
To a number of senior pohu* 
cians who had resented his 
control of patronage and. even 
more, his air of ranexiwc 
rectitude. But Eisenhower was 
gcnuraclv sorry to lose him. 

Sherman Adams was bom 
ai Easi Dover. Vermont, on 
January 8. 1S99. A direct 
ancestor. Henrv Adams, had 
settled m Massachussens, in 
the fourth decade of me 
seventeenth century- The de- 
scendants of Henry Adams 
included Presidents John .Ad- 
ams and John Quincy Adams. 

He entered Dartmouth Col- 
lege. interrupting his studies 
for a period of service with the 
US Navy in 19(8. and gradu- 
ating in 1920. He took a 
position with a lumbering 
firm, starting with the task of 
peeling logs and rising to the 
position of manager of a New 
Hampshire company. Adams 
showed all the roughness nec- 
essary for dealing with hun- 
dreds’ oflumberjacks. 

In 1940 he entered New 
Hampshire politics, winning 
election to the state legislature 
as a Republican. He became 
speaker, and also served for a 
short time ui the VS Congress, 
in 194S he was elected gover- 
nor of the state, and in 1950 
was elected for a second term. 
He reorganized the state's 
administrative machinery. 

Daring his second term the 

what he had become during 
the election campaign 
Eisenhower’s chief of SUm. ■* 

So clow was he io fhc 
president that their rd arioas 
were sometimes compared 
with those subsisting between 
Colond Houw and Woodrow 
Wilson or between - Ham 
Hopkins and Franklin D. 
Roosevelt. The comparison^ 
not altogether appropriate, for 
Adams nad no disposition to 
be the, there- 
between in secret diplomacy. 

He was acknowledged ns the 
chief of a forge P**?***! 
staff which he nimsclf Mgnd 
to mould ami which heran 
with conspicuous efficiency 
With a forthrightness tout 
often gave offence, he also 
made mraaelf the buffer he* 
tween the president and the 
outside wond. 

Adams's role as "Assisamt 
President”, rather than "As- 
sistant to the President" fhw 
official title), came directly to 
the public notice to September 
1955 when Ike suddenly fiffi 

The then vicc-prtwdm^Mr 
Richard Nixon, was known to 
be a contender for the pwi- 
denev. to which it was then 
thought (mistakenly, §* it 
turned out) that Ike woula &ot 
seek re-election. NixonVaa- 

question of finding a Republi- sumption of the duties rftSe 
can candidate for the presi- office would obvtuusly have 
dency became crucial. Senator placed him in a.Ja'oiuawt 

Robert A. Taft, of Ohio, and 
his friends were entrenched in 
the Republican Party ma- 
chine. but m the country as a 
whole he was far from being a 
popular figure, and doubts 
were felt as to his ability to 
dislodge the Democrats. 

The name of Dwight Eisen- 
hower. famous as a war com- 
mander and widely popular, 
but without party entangle- 
ments. was being canvassed. 
Before the summer of 1951 
Adams was not personally 
acquainted with Eisenhower, 
but he became convinced of 
the importance of his 

In that year Adams urged 
his fellow Republican gover- 
nors to work for an Eisenhow- 
er victorv. and himself set tbe 
ball rolling by causing 
Eisenhower’s name to be en- 
tered in the presidential pri- 
mary in New Hampshire, in 
March 1952. 

The New Hampshire pri- 
mary was the first to be held. 

position at the 1956 Repubh- 
can Convention. 

The Republican leaders had 
mixed feelings about Nixon, 
and the administrativ e rot - 
chine which .Adams had creas- 
ed. as well as his own 
determination in the matter, 
enabled substantive power to 
be exercised foe tbe president 
by his White House staff and 
not by. the vice-president. 

Adams disdained the small 
talk of life and the synthetic 
geniality of politics. Opening 
gambits m the form of ques* *■ 
tions about his health were 
known to produce the curt 
reply that he preferred to 
discuss the caller's business, 
first With there characteris- 
tics he did not become a 
popular figure, least of all with. . 
politicians of his own party 
visiting the White House with 
favours to seek of the chief 

When, therefore, it came to 
light that this self-righteous, 
bird-working and brusque ex- 

and Taft made the mistake of cmplar of New England probi- 
con testing it personally in a ty bad been receiving favours, 

whirlwind speaking tour 
through the state. This drama- 
tized the event and when 
Eisenhower - who took no part 
ra the campaign, being still 
Nato commander ra Paris - 
won by a wide margin, the 
extent of popular support for 
him was revealed. 

Another result was that 
Governor Adams himself be- 
gan to emerge as a national 
figure. When the Republican 
Convention met in Chicago in 
July 1952, Adams was made 
floor leader of the Eisenhower 
forces. He and Ike took a 
liking 10 each other, and their 
association was cemented by 
Adams's presence at 
Eisenhower's side throughout 
the election campaign. 

including a vicuna coat, from 
a free-spending, hard-drinking 
Russian immigrant financier, 
Bernard Gddnne. many were 
secretly delighted. 

Adams at first attempted to 
nde out the storm, insisting 
that he had done no wrong. 
But eventually, on September 
22, 1958, he announced on 
television that be was resign- 
ing to spare the Republican 
Pany further embarrassnwnL 
Ike later admitted that Adams 
had been “probably’ naive and 
unwary”, and Adams himretfi 
ra his account of his White 
House vears. First-Hand Re- 
port (196U, admitted that he 
had made “mistakes- of 

He returned to his home in 


During the presidency of the White Mountains, where. 

Eisenhower's predecessor, as a keen skier, he devoted 

Hany S. Truman, the office of much of his time to deveiop- 

“itriciwi in tha Dpaaiila-f * 1 inn ik. I .L: 

Assistant to the President" mg the Loon Mountain ski 

had been created. After his area. 

inauguration, Eisenhower ap- 
pointed Adams to tins pos- 
ition. and Adams remained 

He married, ra 1923* Rachel 
White, who survives him with 
their son and three daughters. 


Mr Forrest Tucker, actor, 
who in a career spanning more 
than 100 films most often 
portrayed crusty characters 
and rugged leading men, died 
in Los Angeles on October 25. 
He was 67. 

He wifi be best remem- 
bered, however, as Sergeant 
Morgan O'Rourke in the 
1960s television series F 

theatres and nightclubs 
around the country until Sam- 
uel Goldwyn gave him his first 
break, bringing hun to Holly- 
wood for his screen debut in 
The Westerner with Gary 
Cooper in 1940. He spccutir 
ucd at first m portraying 
villains, often in westerns. v 

Troop, a military three featur- 
ing the bumblina band of 

After army service during 
te Second World War. Tuck- 

ing the bumbling band of 
cavalry misfits of Fort Cour- 
age. somewhere west of the 
Missouri River, in post-Civil 
War days. 

As the fast- talking, schem- 
ing O'Rourke, he secretly 
negotiated a highly profitable 
treaty with the Hckawai Indi- 
ans. who gave him exclusive 
rights to sell their souvenirs to 

Born at Plainfield. Indiana, 
on February 12, 1919. Tucker 
began his career at the age of 
15 as a master of ceremonies 
for the Gayeiy Burlesque The- 
ater in Washington; but. when 
11 was discovered that he was 
under age. he was sacked. 
Again lying about his age, he 
joined the army. He returned 

the Second World War, Tuck- 
er built a long and sottttsfe! 
film career. He appeared in 
Keeper of the Flame with 
Spencer Tracy and Katharine 
Hepburn, and The Sands at 
l*a Jima and Chtaum with 
John Wayne, who was a dose 
fnend. His first starring role 
was ra Rod, Island Trot! in 

In hter years, he concentrat- 
ed mainly on comedy, starring 
m such films as' The A '&* 
They Raided Minsk? s wufe 
Elliott GouW.w 1968; Cancel 

AJy Reservation in 1972; ami 
The Wackiest Wagon Tram m 
the II Vm m 1976. - 

Tucker, burly aad six foot 
five tall, was a natural choice 
for heroic roles. He regarded 
himself as one of the Iasi of » 
breed of film “ugly guys’* in 
the model of Wallace -Beefy 
and Victor MeUgfetti Off 
screen he was an - immaculate 
dresser, seldom sees wfttoota. 
carnation ra hts buttonhole. 

to the Gayeiy two years later, 
working there at night while 
studying at high school during 
the day 

He went on to perform m 

. -jar. -• 

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?aS°iSS AMr ~‘ ■ 

-. On October asm. to 
(nnUMUng) and RichaKL a 
UauBMer. Emma Catherine. 

■ <2.‘«h October, in The 
5SSf’ u L p ?l“ IBpa «»« tane) and 
PnUlp. a daughter. 

il' O" October 24 1906. to Jane 
““ Sreote) and Martin, a son. wu- 
■ broU ' er for Caroline, 
on 2151 October 1906 to 
Htgson) and Datrfd. a 
daughter Hotly, a stater tor Entity. 
Alice and Daisy 

KanuaCK-aaAItTm ■ On Octobs- 
26th 1986. to Susan and Ptiflttp. a 
• 222? ,ler ’ AW, *9ato jane Beatrice. 
*On Monday 20th October to 
£an fnee Richardsl and Mictiae). 
twin daughters. Kale and Anna 

• On ^th Oaober 1986. to 
Oentae rnte Cray) and Stephen, a 
son. T homa s James. 

PBOVOLOCK on October 23rd 1 986 to 
Loia & Michael, a son Oliver Nigel 

ROWAN - On Sunday 26th October, to 
Joey tnee Towten and Pete, a 
daughter. Clare Scarlett, a Stater tor 
Kather ine. 

SETWCHT . on October 18th. to 
Kharln <ne4 Cox) and Henry, a son. 
James H enry David. 

'flEMPLSI - On October 26th. to Doto- 
res and Alanalr. a son. Stephen 
Michael, a brother for Oihita. 
THURSnELD • On October 24th 1986. 

M Burton-on-TYenL to Janet (nde 
Dunn) and Geoffrey, a daughter. 
Heather Amelia Cucy. a stater for Sa- 
rah and Robert. 

WATUEft - On October 21 st 1986. to 
Susan <nfe Barter) and John, a son. 
Jonathan James Barter . 


AU.WBMK - On October 26 1906. Leo- 
nora Mary, aged 78 at home. Widow 
or Richard John Rice, and mother of 
Sally Patricia. Funeral service at 
Mortlake cremaUxlum. an Friday 
October 31st. at 1230 p.m. Enqid- 
rtes to T.H. Sanders and Sons Ltd. 
447 Upper Richmond Road West 
London SW14. 

ASHE - On 23ni October 1986. to Lon- 
don. Christopher de CDurcy aged 2a 
Dearly loved husband of VIcKy. son 
of John and GUty and brother of 
Nicky and George. Funeral service to 
SL CUe's Church. Lea. Nr. Malmes- 
bury. on Friday 3ist October 1986. 

- at 1 pm. Followed by private crema- 
tion. Enquirer Mr. Matthews 
<06662) 2216 

RARNHELD- On October 23rd. Peace- 
fully at Mount Vernon HospitaL 
Northwood. Captain Richanl .Thom- 
as. much loved father of Anthony 
and Jane, grandfather of Joanna and 
Giles. Interment private. Memorial 
. Service at 11.30 m on Saturday 
November 1st at SL Mary's Church. 
Harrow -on -tfte-HHL Requlescat to 

■ROMmLOW - on October 23H. very 
peacefully at home to Windermere. 
G-E.M. (Joy) Brownlow age 93 
years. Service at St Martins Church. 
BownetG on Windermere, on Thors 
Oct 30Ut at Sp-ra. followed hy crema- 
tion. at Lancaster at 330 Kin. 
Family Dowers only, but don ati on s if 
desired to the Ambteside Mountain 
Rescue Team, c/a J.B. Longmire 
and Son Limited. 3 Oak St Winder* 
mere Cumbria LA23 1BH. 

BROWN - On 26th October 1986. to 
Palma de MaUorca. SvbQ AUeen. 
inte Warwick), beloved wife of Ron- 
ald and loving staler of Pamela 
(Cranston. Low and Kenneth). 

J * C| W»N - On October 23rd 1986, Pe- 
jer Frederick, suddenly- brioved 
»n«hand of Pm. father of Sarah, 
panic and Tom. atenfather of Pe- 
te. Jamie and c&rattne. grandfather 
of Natalie and Nicola. Funeral 
Wednesday 29th October at 2.30 
p-m. at Little Mtasenden Oiurch. 
mrcks. Flowers tp K.Y. Green. 29 
Cambridge StraeL Aylesbury. 

LEONARD - On 26th October 1986. 
peacefully alter a tone Utoess. brave- 
ly rough! ai Newton Abbot HaspUaL 
Gladys Joan, aged 8a wuow of the 
bfe Huqh Leonard. Funeral Service 
at High Week Parish Church. New- 
ton Abbot, at 2-50 pan. an Friday 
3ist October. 

LETALL- on 290i October. pncsARy 
ai home. Jean, aged 86 years of Brig 
House. Stog u raber. beloved wife of 
Eric, mother of June and sp-andmouv 
er of Robin and James. Oematioo at 
Taunton Deane Crematorium on 
Thursday October 30th at 2 pjo. 
Family flowers only. Donations if de- 
sired to Cancer Research c/a F H 
Wifficombe St Son. wuHton. Taun- 
ton. SomereeL 

UCKT - On October 24. peacefully at 
The Garth Nursing Home. Dorking. 
Ellen Adrieua aged 98 years, de- 
voted wife of the late Donald Owen 
light, betoved mother of Elisabeth 
and Michael and dear grandmother 
" of th eir families. Funeral ai St 
Martin’s Church. Dorking ad Thurs- 
day 30th October at 1 030am. 
Flowers pleape to Sherlock and Sons. 
Truths House. Dortang 

UPSCOMB - on October 26. peaceful- 
ly at Sutton Veny House NH- LL 
. Cmdr. Eric StreatreOd.'iuach loved 
husband of the Late Maty and steofe- 
Uier of Diane. Funeral 31 October at 
. Kaycombe Crematorium. Bath at 
220 pm. No Rowers please, dona- 
• Hons to RJVJL4. 

■MCNAMARA - On October 25th. 

. peacefully at a London Hospital. Mat- 
thew Joseph MJLSX. beloved 
husband of Frances and father of 
Brinsley. Hoary and Anns. Funeral 

MEDCALF . On 26th October, peace- 
fully after a long and courageously 
fixigU Illness at SL Luke's Nursing 
Horae. Oxford. Clare wife of the tote 
BUI Medcaw. much loved and ad- 
mired mother and grandmother. 
Funeral at SL Petes Church. 
Chaffon! SL Peter. Bucks, on Friday 
3lsi October a! 12.30pm. Flowers to 
H.C. Grtmstead Ltd. Laytn Green 
Lane. ChaMoot SL Peter. Bucks. 

MfCWE - On 24th October, suddenly 
James Alexander MkMe MA. 

D JJt- of 92 Hull Road. Cothnsham. 
Dearly loved husband of Elizabeth. 
Much loved by Ms children. Aline. 
Haitttah. Margaret Alastalr. by Mag- 
nus. Helen and Roger and Ky his 
grandchildren. Magnus. James. Ettr- 
abetti and Rosemary. Service at the 
HaUgale Methodist Chinch. 
Cottlngham on Thursday 30Ui Octo- 
ber at 1.16 pm. Fhrahy ftowess only | 

MILLS - On October 2Sth 1986. 
home. Muriel, aged 91 years. Widow 
of Herbert, much loved mother of 
Barbara and gandmoBtr of Pete 
and Anne. Funeral Service at the 
Downs Crematorium. Bear Road. 
Brighton, on Friday October 3lst at 
3 pm. Family flowers only p»««w but 
donatio n s If desired, as she would 
have wished, to the Brighton and 
Hove High School GUI Fund. Brigh- 
ton and Hove High School. 
Montpeber Road. Brighton. 

MUNCH - On 250t October, peacefully 
at home. LLOom. Norman Robins 
Murch R-N. and), aged 79 years. 
Much loved husband of Sheila and 
father of Anna and Jo. Funeral Ser- 
vice at Croydon Cremalorturn on 
Thursday 30th October at 4pm. 
Flowers to J.B. Shakespeare Lid. 67 
George SL Croydon, by 12 noon. 

PARKM - On October 22nd 1986. 
very suddenly, at Qare College. 
Charles William. Fettow and Tutor 
of the College- Funeral Service in the 
College Chape) at 4pm cn Wednes- 
day 29ih October followed by 
Cremation at the Cambridge Crema- 
torium. Enquiries to H. Williams 
(Funeral Directors). 9 Victoria Park. 
Cambridge (359480). 

PARKINSON -On October 240) 1986.1 
peacefully at Utltetiampton. aged 85 1 
years. Jean Frances Hannah, Funer- 
_ _a! Service. Worming (he matwl um. 
Flndon on Thursday October 30th at | 
12.15 pjo. 


| LAW KESEARCHl* requires your com- 
meins on fmuamp of single offence of 
bore rondo or gffmr* of mercy MUkig J 
laHMs. 956 Burmy tw. LKedough. 
Rewnoair. BBS 80 L 

Hepric. Ken Hcmatd. C wtnM. B 
Harm 0277 222269) 



IgmumUP. Lree or Mariw AD ago. 
ams. DMeilne. 0ept(Olo>23AUnBdon 
Road. London V8-TH: 01 958 10U. 

-mane non locoe o rea by aouctaon. 

Mbamto. Tell « 272 *901. 

CAUBK Cir> Ud proftrilrmnl curricu- 
hm^v uae doronanta. Drialto Ot-63i 

eawi— niunt mr more am so yoora 
and sibi at your service Mon to sat 
lOonv-dJOpm. A8 Dart* LkL. 89 
Quacnsww. W2. T« Ol 229 ZTTT. 

before toe rerei aa 57 OM 

soectaUsed oming name tor addkavo 
dbeate aef to are* of Mmndtas natu- 
ral beauty. .Staffed by nurses. 
CMMMftort. pcyehOloafcL phyatothera- 
pH and re stored wncu onteer For 
tdusiraMd oraapeews contact tor curer- 
tor. CiouOS House. East Kooyte. Wtns 
SOS OBE or t st e fi tton r 074785 656. 

CAPfTALCVs prepere Won otmuty cumc- 
aura \Uaes. 01607 7906. 

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from stock. 7 year wear guarantee ear 
home or office £a.7B p«r so yd + vat. 
PfcH toe largest sete rti gp of plain car- 
pctb>9 to London. 

548 Fuftutm Rom 
P ersona -Green SW6 

TetO I -736-7551 

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270 Earn Own Road, sws 

01-244 7353 

CHSUNtA Dritgnifui I bed newbidccoiat 
<4 «ol with pbuo. Co Long Let. £228 
p.w. Goddard & SmHh- Ol 990 7321. 

EAST MEON Ovarmmpiy fb rab t wd 
oeridronaor. edge of vuiaos. London 
tR-sipsd.aOaflWWUCd. fril od CH. Tel: 

073 087395. 

. Attractor Studio flat 
won gaumed bedm. grp kif & sbwr rm- 
£175 pw. Yorkdale Securitas 01 889 

—If at m COURT, m Meat Pied -a- 
tetre with Thames views. Rrrrp. ul 
D bta Bed. Bath, filSOpw Ur CH/CHW. 
Ceotcs 828 8351 . 


MOT TUMI HU MIC. Furntatted 2 bed. 
Oal.t dbL silting room. Kuchen. bath- 
room. GC H. nr dec. order. £150 pw. 
Tel: 0936 872320/8731 IO. 

wn *’ a i22 n *2L wlc,t «9>ra»*ee! ] M4BM VALE. Share laege com foua bte 
£2000 to £90000 with mortoagesecu- ( Hat wtth female. O/R. nr on mnmorl i 
rw. APR • 18JS% Variable. Free I facilities. Non smoker preL £800 pan 
redundrexy cover otTer. Free lira cover. I mcl. 01.-299 noe. 

Dtfli too freefooe Pnrttobo untH 
8.0Ctofn Premier Portfolio. Freepost. 

Readme- MU iBR- 

Exctusnv (natMuc- 

tmened. 68 u-m— 

S treet . London Wi. Tri e otwne 01-490 

PHUTOCOFKIIS m whoicsata priced. Lat- 
est tooh-iech front the supplier with 
service. Ol 278 6127. 

HEART to HEART. Todays way of meet- 
ug. Contuemtal mtreduetton 
tMOUettoto UK lor Friendship and Mac- 

nape. Henri In Heart. 52 London Rd. 

Twicxeiibim. Middx 01-892 206 L. 


smoker- targe double be dr oom in family 
home. Monday to Friday preferred. '£80 
pw todupve. Tet 01 736 9349. 

■DEAL tor city. Own room In Mired hoes 
ry house to Docwands. £40 pw plus 
bills. Phone Sarah oo Ol 928 6969 eriU 
4136 or home Ol 987 8109. 



Lot Angela 




£28 J 








S.KZM. BnuUlul new ant gdbtefudnra. 
2 lux baths. I. races, bale- tovety Lit. 
super tame. £250 pw. upfriend: 499 

CattVEYAJfCOtC by rutty auouftad salirt- . 
tors. £180 * VAT and stare 
dtebufseroentt ring 0244 319598. 


OOR piano ton finally died. Does yours 
need a new home? Poor musical family 
urgently seek rrptacesnenL Happy to 
ctoKCL TH. 0866 882174. 

QATAR - Dr-OAoux. 4 Rue de remise. F- 
16016 . Pert vmH *W t» m > wood 
otretao. suoem or negatives of houses and 
streets In Doha and other local! Dee to the 
early Go's tor reasreth on andenl leett 
arcbMecturt Material wfll be roianed- 

WAMTTB Rural aottaoe to Herts Mm 50 

macs north at London Price neo 6-12 
months lit Phone 629 ”” day or 

JEWELLERY. Gold. Silver. Dteroads ur- 
gently wanted Too prices, wniom. 43 
Lento* Conduit Si WCl.T» 406 6638. 

IT ANTED Edwanhan. Victorian and an 
painted funutarc. Mr asmod Ol 947 
5946. 667-669 Garratt Lane. EansfiekL 

WANTED Edwardian. Vkaorian and aX- 
patntM furniture. Mr Ashton Ol 947 
0946- 667-669 GntWI Lane. Eansileto. 


anunaB. eic.. warned- Ol 883 0024. 

■ Mi ni I TS OP NETTLEWB The uttUnaM 
rapllrp furniture speg o u sts. One of Eh- 
Otaods targea dtaotaysgf 17th and 18th 
century period style furniture. 
Netuebed. near Henley on Thames 
(049H 641116. Bournemouth i0202i 
293680. Toosltom <0392871 7443. 
Berkeley. Cfos (0463) 810952. 

KDU - On 25 October, tn the Rad- 
cllffe Inflmiary Oxford. Eugenia, 
wife of Rudolf, peacefully after a 
brief Alness, aged 7B. Cremation pri- 
vate. No flowers. Donations may be | 
soil to the Neurological Research 
Trust FUnd. Radchffe Inffi-mary. 

ROY-CHOWDHURY - On 25th Octo- 1 
her. at The POgrtros Hospice 
OinXertMjry. Rosemary (n 6e 
Han bury-Tracy). Beq u k g tat In Race. 
Engulries to LR Cavefl. DeaL 0304 

foter duality wool carnets. At trade 
prices and under, also avattabie lOCTO- 
erira Large room stte remnants wider 
hall normal price. Chancery Carpets ol 
406 0463. 

sharing mag i i nc e m ou. £312 
per week tndushe. Tel: Ol 6B9 0910 

I O/R. prof m/r. n/e read to 
share hse with female owner. AD 
(Manus. £120 POi mcl. 01 380 8960 

FLATMATES SrifTOve Sharing, w efl 
esiab mtroductory service. Ptae tel for 
apoL 01-689 6491. 313 Branmon 
Road. SW3 

PUTNEY and Female. 30 bits. Own room 

— — ---J Prof F N/S share gdn ns* 
nr stn. o/R an mod eono Zoo pw end. 
Tel 609 7262 or 643 7063. 

BELSRAVIA Luxury apartment, sun pro- 

f i Mtouo l female, non smoker pre fe r red . 
£!00pw. Tef 236 4648. 

4 VIA Proi M/F. comftrtMe ftaL 
own mom. £75 pw Tei 01235 8349 
levrs) or 409 1717 (days) 

CLAPMAM prof girl to shore luxury noL 
own room, to share aU tactuues £170 
pen. TrLOl-360 1090 i a/ Phone) 

E 13 Professional ran le/ftmnte to share 
IML. o/r. £60 per sveek toclustvo Tel 01 . 
3813 1 84 

LEYTOMSTONE Prof m/f rea for modern 
fully eouiprd rial dose to tube. £40 pw 
Incf 4- te l ephone. 01-666 7626. 

RLZ END Chaminp 2 bed cotage. c«s 
OL oiML 1 November to end March. 
£500.00 arm. Ol 226 0420. 

8NISWELL MU Large furnlsbed room in 
knety house. Good views n/s.12 mins 
lube £40 Monday ro Friday 01 8889454 
F W WC E OF WALES Dr. SW ||. prof 
mole. 21-30. own room In large nixed 
flat. £«8 pw IncL TN: 01 622 3631 
W 4 P retoSMonal non smoker for central 
heated home £40/60 pw Ol 994 5379 

WANTED Prof, female, tale 20*. seeks 
shared hoose/ftaL Kensington. CheiSen. 
Fulham areas. Tel. Ol 438 8694 94pm 


nscouMTza a group fare* warns- 

wide. Tel U.TJ1 (0763) 857036. 

MALAGA, BANR1. Ol 441 


734 6307. ABTA/AloL 

SOUTH AFIOCA for Clrttmm Specw 
rate. Major Teovri. Ol 486 9237 IATA 

SPAM. Portugal, Cheapest fares. Btgpcs. 
01 735 8191. ABTA ATOU 

01-370 6332 


SWISS COTTARS. Weft hen mod apt. 
Spanom. bright 2 Otoe bedims. Mtraa 
recep. fid) nt kiL bath. V*.C~ gge. £176 
pw. Ltofriend: 499 5334. 

AVAtUtaue NOW Luxury Hus & homes 
£200 - £1.000 per week. Tel: Burgess 
681 6136. 

QM - M A . Very pretty t bedim am. Lge 
recep. close Stoane So. £166 pw. 
Lipfriend; 499 6334. 


£69 N YORK £276 

£K> IA/SF £355 

£320 Muni £320 

Itodrobl £326 Singapore £420 , 

Jotftrg £400 Bangkok £336 i 

Cairo £205 Katmandu £mo 

DtUBere £336 RBMOOO £350 

Hong Kong £610 rji-iin. £425 i 

Hugr Dbcounts Avad on 1st & Qub dass | 


21 SwnOow sl London Wi 
01-439 2100/457 0657 


CLAPHAM. 2 b e tkw i apt to Woek. Swim 
pool, recep K A B Our tube and Com- 
mon. £136 pw. Ltpfneod: 499 5334. 

MMUCO Superb l bed furnished flat 
close to an amenities Company let pre- 
ferred. £130 pw. 01 228 8044. ret GC 

RUBE PARK NWS. Bright IN floor flat 
newly refurbished and attractively dec. 
2 bedrms. 2 r ecep rms. If Ml with nu 
chines, battirm with shower, commtmal 
gdn. shops A t ran snon a ftogerop away 
from ttus tree bned street Company let 
£1 75 pw. Oagr. 244 7363 Eve 463 0715 























_ _ - Geeks lux 

nai/hou**: up to ESOOpw. Usual fees 
reg. Pituups Kay 4 Lewis. South of the 
Park. CheHea office. 01-352 8111 or 
North oftheParv. Regent** Aark office. 

■ On October 23rd 1986. 

peacefully alter a short Illness. Wini- 
fred Adelaide. (Nee Cooke) formerty 
of Stoke Poges. Bucks, dear wife of 
J.tluodore Com bridge. Funeral on 
Friday October 3)sL at U.iBam in 
St. Pete’s Church. St Albans. No 
(tower*, but donation may be sent to. 
the Leukaemia Research Fund. 43 
Great Onoond Sveet London WClN 

C UHW OI C UA M - On S4th October. 

Margaret (Peggy) Cumd ogham, 
peacefully at h«ne In CaddinflUm 

with Jim. Peter and Marit Fdoeralal 
AU Saints Church. Caddington 1 1J0 
am Thursday October 30th. Dona- 
tions please to. Cancer Belief 
MacMillan Fund, e/o Nevdlet Funer- 
al Service. Neville House. Leagrnve. 


DUNKLEY - On 20th October 1986. 

Bryan, unexpectedly but peacefully. 

Sadly missed by Maggie. JudUiL Rob- 
ert and Jane. Also business 
associates and friends. Funeral ser- 
vice has already taken place. 

ELLIOTT - On 26th October, very 
peacefully. Cecil Albert MarchwiL of 
Aidworth. Berks., at the Sue Ryder ■ 

Home. Netuebed. in hta 81st year- 
Dear husband of Eva. deeply loved 
father of Adrian. Nicholas. Susan. 

FcUdty. Bridget and Richard, much 
loved by his many grandcflUdr eii. 

Funeral Service at AW worth Parish 
Oiurch on Friday October 3Lst at 
2.30 p m., instead of (lowers, retiring 
collection for Sue Ryder Home 

FARRELL ■ On 26th October. Maria 
Corned* aged 89 years. Window of 
Hugh Farrell and mother of Adri- 
enne Jackson. Paddy Hanley and 
Tom Famed. Requiem at Si John's 
Church, Beverley on Thursday 30th 
Octooerat it. 00 art. Family flowers 
only please. 

FIELD - On 35th October 1986. Dick 
beloved husband of Molly and dear 
father of Jenny and grandMMrd 
Pete. Thomas and Jeraca. Memori- 
al Service Saturday l« November. 

Marswortti Church 12.30 pm. No 
flowers - donations to Diabetes Cen- 
tre. Stake MandcviUe HasWaL 

GILBERT . On Monday 30U1 October. 

Marti Sebastian, younger son of 
Geoffrey and Kay and brother of 
Nicholas and Carey. Cremation has 
taken Mare. 

eotfCH . Onr October 34th. Aubrey Ed- 
ward T.D.. dearly loved and loving 
husband of AUeen. Service at St. 

Dunstan*s Church. Chcam at 1 pm 
on Thursday 50th October, followed 
by private cremation. Family Dowers 
only. Enquiries: John Nodes Funeral 
Service. 181 Ladbrake Grave. W10. 

OX 969 1819. 

CftCATMEX ■ On the 26th October. Sl 
home in Cranoome, Fenhe. -dearly 
loved husband of Pal. Funeral at 
Cranbomr Church on Thursday Oc- 
tober 30th at IlitMLn.. 

HflJL • On 25th October-after a. brief 
lUness. Anthony Ewcrt UdMf. 

O.B.C.. DJL. at Twytaro Lodge. Hr, 

Winchester. Loved husband. Qdh«f. 
grand) ather and greet grandfather,. 

Funeral private: Memorial Service 
will be announced later. 

HOPKBiS - On 26Ui October. SMa 
Howell of WntrUfenn Sea^Baioued 
husband, father. grantSafiiar and 
grew grandfather. A survivor of the 
Saule of Loos and former Orator of 
Denny- Moil and Dickson Ltd. Cre- 
mairnrt on 31st October. « 2nm at 
douttwnd crematorium, no Dowen 
by ratter, but donattena tf deNred. 
to The British Heart feundatim. ICC 
Ckmeesier Place. WI ar.Th* Royal 
Masonic HosmtaL Ravenscoun Park. 

W6. " - 

HUDSON - On 16Ui October in Spafn. 

Mayra in*e Youds) Deioved stater of 
Irene TompsetL of 19 ft. SnoT j janri my rortinq 
Avenue. Putney. Lowton. J m isao Gagi 

SLADC-BAKER - On October 27th. m 
her 94th year. Helen, widow of the 
late Coloael John Stede-Baker. lov- 
ing mother of Pauline Turner 
Bridger. Bridget Geffen and the late 
Gillian Compton-HaH. vandmother 
and great grandmother 

I SMITH - On 24th October. CUve Doug- 
las Smith. FCA. at Akteburgfa. Very 
dear husband of Mina. Funeral pri- 
vate. No flowers please. 

STORK - On 26th October 1906. 
peacefully at home in Godabntng. 
UeaKnam-CDIonel Edward Gremer 
(WUlie). Queen's Own Royal west 
Kent Regimen L much loved husband 
of Peggy and rather of Victoria. Car- 
oline and Philippa. 

SYKES - On Sunday October 26m. 
Hugh Philip PawnaU. tnoch loved 
husband of K8y and father or Philip- 
pa and Anthony. Fanaal Service. 
Friday October Sist at 11 am at SL 
. Mary the virgin. Great Bedwyn. No 
flowers, bin contributions to The 
Friends of Great Bedwyn Church 
Trust, c/a EJv Haines. 18 Hiitfi 
Street- Great Bedwyn. 

TREGEAR- On October 22nd 1986. as | 
a result of a car accident. Tim. aged 
40. so dearly loved by his wire Bar- 
bara. family and friends, his parents 
Kilcla and Jack and his brothers Da- 
vid and Roger. 

UNGER - On October 23rd. In Rto de 
Janeiro. Dr. Kate Unger tore 
Cowman), widow of Fred, brioved 
mother of Tom and Martha, grand- 
mother of Daniel and Carmen. May 
she rest In peace. 

WALTON - On October 25th. all 
Suramerods orchard. Hexham. 
Anne beloved wife of the late Prof. 
WS. Walton (Newcastle and Little 
Missenden). Private family crema- 
tion. no lettera or flowers please. 
Donations u Hu U Marie Curie 
Foundation. Conrad House. Newcas- 
tle Upon Tyne or British Heart 
Foundation. 395 Westgate Road. 
Newcastle Upon Tyne. 

WHEELER • On 2lst October, sudden- 
ly in Minorca. Mary (n£e Parkin). 

. beloved wife of MIcftaeL Service ai 
Si Peter’s Church. Nottingham, on 
Wednesday 29th October at 2 pro. 

. Donations, (f desired, may be sent to 
Motor Neurone Disease AaraMMn. 
c/o Baguiey Bros- 500 Manafleid 
Road. Nottingham. 

WHITE . On October 24th. suddenly to 
Florida. James Napier, beloved hus- 
band of the late Dawn Addaras 
(White) and dear father of John and 
grandflather of Ntooia and Laura, 
brother of Jean Flyim. 

WBWn - On October 22ntL very sod- 1 
denly. Marguerite Lea Winsor. Much I 
loved partner and companion of as] 
years, sadly missed. 

memorial services]] 

BEAKS TED - A Memorial Service will 
be hew » 0kv o*ms te thrhfeto 

Marcus RKhard Samuel. 3rd V»- 
count Beamed on Wednesday 5th 
November at 5 pro. at tte Uhwai 
Jewish Synagogue. 28SL John's 
wood Rood. London NWS. Jgri dng 
available at Lord’s Cridte tjround. 

MOWN - A Memorial Service, for Air | 
■Commodore Sir Vernon ft*?*' 1 ’- 
C.B . O.B.E- wfll be held on Friday 
31st October 1906. 81 2J«*tl.»n the 
Church of SL dement Danes. 
Strand. London. 


HAHMORSTYM . in proud and Wvtafl 
memory of Lteut. MkhaN Crell 
MarmorAein BA (OxOh L R.L.R.. 
kitted u action in Italy. 2tflh October 


wens FOR ANY KVDVT, Cats, sur- 
ughi Exp. Omb. La Mb AH thracra 
ana arena. T«»: 82i -6616/8280496. 
A XX / Vha / Dtocra. 

BMTWlAr ME 7 Give soraeooe an origi- 
nal TWte Ne w — p er dated in* vary 
day »te> were Horn. C1230. 0492- 
SI 303. 

SEATFMDCXS. Brat Uekrts for aB soid- 
OM eients. Our cHerta Include mos t 
nnlor companies. Crrdd cards acceMed- 
01-828 1678. 

IK TWO 17— 1 988. OUier rate 
avail- Hand bound reedy tor p njuu a- 

wa • atao -Sunday^-. S3SLBO. 

R wv nd rr When. 01-688 6523. 

CAT*. CHESS, Las Mis. AH theatre and 
sport. TO 439 1763. AD major credit 

ENCYCLOPAEDIA B H t tan lra: it 

Uon. £860 one. amo 54 vehunes Great 
Books £300 ono. TeUjl -676-5736 

nmca/FIKUZiU. Oookere. etc. Can 
you Huy cheaper? BAS Ud. Ol 229 

etc. Nationwide deliveries. TaL (03801 
860039 rwm&i. 

Wm CRAZY PAVING tor pottos and 
dmeways. Space needed, hence low 
prices. 061 223 0881. 061 231 6788. 

over 1 year (APR ovl- Low interest 
rales over 2 years IAPR 9£Nu) A3 ycare 
(APR 12^4*1 Wrttten ouoauore. Free 
Caiaioour. 30a Ktohflata Road. NWS. 
OJ-267 7671. 

2 BEAUT— H. Brenuela Oa*. m»d- 
Oms intirumeata. good price for quick 
sale. S8*> 4981.(0 

GRAND nuusa Jdwai KGS. 6fl ams. So- 
oerti condition. Offers Invited around 
£4.000. TtL 0622 810961. 

162170 Interior rebuilt 1966. £4.000. 




Tofdhcr m 

beat it. 

We fund over one third of all 
reran i i mt o the pttffinon and. 
cm of cancer in the UK. 

Help why acafim 
or mahrs kgacy to: 


2 Carbon Horn Tom, 

I (DEPT TT/21/10). London 5WIYSAR. 

• Weeks. Honeymoono or. 
2nd Hone y moons .. Dtarover ms Magic 
Of Italy's romantic cities In Aulumn or 
winter. Cau 01-749 T449 for your 
FREE cotour brochure M*W of Italy 
Drpt T. 47 StHDiiercta Burn Green. Lon- 
don. Wl2 BPS. 

TAKE THE OFF to Part*. An ra ard aia . 
Brusteis. Bruges. GWoa. Rente. Lau- 
sanne. Tundi. The Haree- Dubim. 
Rouen. Boutoone A OtePK. Time Off. 
2a. Chester dear. London- SW1X 7BQ. 

• 01-235 8070. 

73 “ ® w * • 

OI 491 0802. 

TRAVEL CENTRE. Worldwide fllghta 
specreasine m in. Quo C Tw economy 
to Australia. South Africa. USA. Ltabosu 
Faro. Geneva Abo accomodation Swiss 
Alps. Usbon Cmos. Algarve AMs A pri- 
vate villas. 01 666 7025 ABTA 73196 
ULAMPI Algarve. M en orca. Te- 
flftltr. villas. AM Pensions Tftvernas. 
Houdays /From*. Brochures/ mum 
- booMngs. venture Holidays. Tel 01-260 

I W B APOie- Pucro del Carmen. 

suwnra apts ww ports. Puerto ventu 
ra. Tenerife- unspoilt resorts. Nov-Aprfl. 
109231 771260. TDnsway Hobdays. 
ABTA. ATOt 1107. 

ORE CALL for some of tot best deals in 
fUghts. apartments, txtfris and car hire. 
Trt London oi 636 5000. Manchester 
061 832 2000. Air Travel Advisory 

V ALEXANDER European Sun. Fhgbis. 

Ol -402 4262/0062. valexaoder. Com- 
petitive wonawtoe lares. 01-723 2277. 
AMa am tea Acoess/vtan 
AMERICA (Bents WO) Manchester depar- 
lures A abo South Africa 8 New 
Zealand. TH Travel Cmirf. Btaeteurn 
102661 M2S7 ABTA 73196 

AMERICA. Low cost Owes e g. 
too £486 Lima £496 rm. Abo Small 
Croup Hobday Journeys^ eg Peru from 
£3501 JLA 01 747-3(06 
America. MM and Far EaSL S Africa. 
Train ate. 48. Margaret Street. Wi. Ol 
580 2928 (Vbn Aerated) 

oewmattons- For tfrr clteapest lares, try 
US 1st Richmond Travel. 1 Duke Street. 
Ric hmond Surrey. ABTA 01-940 4073. 
NVPONABt Seal sate to USA-Gkrtotean- 
Far Easl-Austraha. Cas the 
ABJ A IATA cc excreted. 
Te l Ol 264 6788 

SHI TOTAL. Chalets, hot el s, opts. Pra. 
Xmas Smcois. xnan/NYear vacs ♦ 
swjw^^BMee. Gnoup dbents. 0932 

WRITER SUN Spectob prices to Cyprus. 
Malta. Morocco. Greece. Malapa A Te- 
nerife Ort A Nov. Pan World Holidays 
01 734 2662. 

ALICANTE. Faro. Malaga etc. Dtmond 
Tran ft ATOL 1783. 01-361 4641. 
Horsham 68541 

■EST Fares. Best FBgbts. Best not Kays 
anywhere. Sky Travel 01 834 7426. 

AST A . 

CANARIES Spedn Portugal Italy. Greece. 
Madrid (rC67 TH: 01 -434 4326 ATOL. 

Air Bargains ■ 

tUROK'WMLD WOC lewnl lares on 
rtierirr/scneauteti n» Plloi FUflW 01 
631 0167 AOl AIM 1893 
HONC HONC £488. RANCH OK £369. 
5kr<gapore C457. Other FE does. 01 684 
6514 ABTA 

HONC KONC £408: BANGKOK £369. 
Suigapore £487 Other FE elites. Ol EB4 
6514 ABTA. 

C199I LL V IEW YORK. Com* to coast 
C299 Flonda/New York £299 loci car. 
Pwegor 0898 630871. 


Tet 01-09 3521/8007 



rereoi -LATE BROS- winter Oder 
nr booked wtttioi 7 days of dre ams ct. 
Price tnclixtes reusu Gatwtck fligni every 
Wed llam. transfers, serpori tax. 7 nietits 
bed A teraklaa ui twm room witn priiate 
beUv/sbower iwcu mgeb at £219. 
SWMe room at £15 per week. No Hiddai 
Extras oner VaM S Novetsher 1986 to 
26 atsrrn 1987 isuonci to svanabdKy). 

ISLAND SUN 01-222 7452 

Mmbgr of BrSdb band Amort Pt Craup 



Sored adwee and gotoana os 
- - isduzd toagjuoi m mb- . . 



ABTA 77102 IATA 

Mancac « we bstASDo at tm 6 Toresm 


Narrow. Jo-Bra. Cairo. Dubai. 
Istanbul. Singapore. K.L. Oethl. 
ni oo k ok- Hong Kong. Sydney. 
Erape. * The Americas. 

Flamingo Travel, 

76Shanesoury Avenue 
London wiv 700. 

Open Saturday 10.00-13.00 


RIM — FTOW PARK EWE. SUperMy fltted 
and torn flat m new deveiooment. Prof 
lambcape pans wiui swimming pool, 
sauna A gym. 2 bedrms. 2 baihrm. 
race* with balcony. (I kit. parking. 
£200pw. Day. 244 7363 Eve: 7200333 

<»LEEA SW3. Lovely 3 bed. 2 recep 
penod House wm conservatory, and 
root terrace on three teveb. To let un- 
Itnbhed with carpets, curtains and aO 
- machines. £060 pw. Buchanans: 361 

COLUNSHAM RD Ud. very pretty flat 
MS been redecorated. Nr Gloucester Rd 
tube. 1 dble bed mu recep. H kit with 
washing machine, dishwasher etc. both 
with shower, video entry, use of private 
gdn. CH. Oo tet £136 pw. 244 7363 

verted, sunny A bright 2nd floor flat tn 
pnstme condition. 6 naira from lube, 
large dble oetarui. open Man lounge/ldL 
bothrm. wc Co let. £136 pw. Day: 244 
7383 Eve: 968 3184 

AMERICAN RANK urgently requires lux- 
ury ftats/houses. Chelsea. Kiugnts- 
bndge. B elg ra via arms. £200 . £2£00 
»w. Burgess Estate Agents 681 5136 

H£ Po*“tA £420 







AM TtOtcn Specialists New York £229. 
L-^5an„ _ Frannsco £329. 
Sydney /Melbourne £769. AU daily dl 
go . Jnw. Dartair 130 Jermyn 
StreetOl 839 7144 

UMKuiiuil ON ntahb/hota to Eu- 
rope. USA . & most detoiuttorek 
■ Dtptomal Travel; 01-730 2201. ABTA 

l*T 4. CLUB CLAS6 FLICHTBl Huge Db- 
£2!,^ ^Travri. 105727} 

80097 /271 09/27638. 

_ . Soanoua 4 bed. 2 

Wk house m pretty street on Common. 
Smartly decorated with ret mod cora. 
Sun 5 sharere at £46 pw each took 
pwl Buchanans: 361 7767. 

FULHAM. Attractive 3 bed 7 bam modern 
town house With large S W. taring ore- 
cany. watted garden and garage- All 
mod eons. AsaU now for long tet- £200 
pw. Buchanans: 361 7767 
*“*“? y* !?S>. Bright tax. spb-- 
nous l bed. flat. P/b bull sum couute. 
Fully fined. Musi be seen. £180 pw. Tel: 
Ol 724 8666. 

ITALIAN VILLAGE Fulham road. Charm, 
tag newty decorated nvasonette. 2 beds 
thing room. dlMng room, kuchen. oor- 
te. rommunal gardens. £300 per week 
Tel Ol 381 6323 

ROSARY CARDENS 0W7 mactora. sun- 
ny 1st door Oat. Large lining rm. 
hammy, dmine rm. douse bedroom, 
■nod UI and bathroom Avail now. Long 
co tet £2 50 p w. MaskeibOl 681 2216 
ARUNOTON HOUSE Overtooung Green 
»nt. close Rita. Presbgr Of 3 bed 
flMAip to Ryr leese. No orarekun. Peser 
W B uck huhd A Q o Ot -680 7011. 
•UR* DOTCNOFF for luxury proper Il ea 
in si Johns Wood. Re 
rnts Park. Mama vale. Swba CM A 
Ham pstead 01-686 7661 
CHOSEA Nr Thames Spacious furn flat 
3 bedrooms. 2 bathrooms wim showers. 
CHmw. Porterage. LG/SH Ca let. 
£350 pw neo- TeJ Ol 36I 4633 
HAMFE1EAITS Exceptional ClBOpw nut 
with spacious Lounge, l Ooubte* 2 Sin- 
gle Bedrooms. Dining Hall. TV. GCH. 
286 8040 m. 



Ufldkwdt ft Tenants 
come torn for 


ana sxnaar areas. 

Phone now. 


0V734 7432 

*TH KE WH WOH, Superialhp unfur- 
iwheo brand new interior designed 
mansion flat 4 bedrooms. 2 bathrooms, 
wc. 2 large rrcrptians. study, luichen ■ 
an marnmes. Lift residents porter and 
video entry Phone. Co Long Let. r*sn 
p.w Goddard i Smiih. Ol 950 7321 

UTTLE VEMOC/Maida Vate W9. Beautt 
Jito SMOpus 2dM ora aptx. 2 tulfrs 
with shower, brand new Ml. huge 
uiung/dinrfig. tnerioMung two* a/I 
40fl gdn. I nun walk (ran lube A buses 
A stumdno residence aval laoteo mim to 
3 yra. £260 aw. 01-289-7469 

MCHMOND Fully furmsJied 6 newly car- 
peted 2 bedroomed flat in giaM snvMr 
residential Mwv M bark of Ri ch m ond 
park. Porter. CH/CHW. inlrmm. INI. 
Comentenl buses A lube Car parking 
available All mchtase EIGOpw. Tc( 01- 
568 2992 

no flat in rotaUM Mews. Attracsise * 
UghL Rrrop/Ihncr opening mm pretty 
pauo New Fully Filled Kll Obie Bed. 
Bath L Italy Rm. £200pw Cbotes 828 


O looking Park, brand nrwty furn and 
dec dbte bed flat, dble rece*. bath, me 
m IdL avail now. £130 p.w, F.w.Gapp 
Ol 221 8838. 

F W GAPP (Management Sere resl Lid 
outre properties In Central South m 
weal London Areas lor wailing appti 
raws Irl O) 221 8838. 

PUTNEY / Barnes Luxury SC newly tnie- 
riony decorated, fully eqtaPPed rial 
available immediately in prrsUitous 
new otoev i/2 bedrooms. From £120 
10 £150 pw Ol 878 7766 

SOUTH KEN Sunny rial 9 dOUMe bed 
roomy, reception, irparalr dtaoKi area, 
bathroom, company lei. minimum o 
month* cat ) O nv* inr gh Tel: Oi os« 
3211 day 466 0694 eves 

WC1 Nl Bnhsh Museum Beautiful brand 
new 2beo mawxteu*- in friazra dm etop- 
mem Hign ouauiy furnamnuk. Porter 
£300 p.w.01 883 1675. 

SWI 9 a bed tolly fu-n dbta 
9#e town hoe in preruwous raudenual 
area, close lo shops A undrrgrd- CD tet 
only. £300 PW. 493 6716 

A J£*S. T OID "** * na Hourea UN »o For 
Shte/LcL Davis Wood*. Ol «02 7381. 

DOCKLANDS Flail and nouses to let 

mrou^houi the Docklands area Tei.-Oi- 
790 9660 

KENSDIGTON M Interesting id Floor 
Lux Maa tow bed lge rec idi/ainer 1 
ndn high u £tT6pw tael 938 2395 

Siud/i bed from £120 
pw 2 /3/4 bedrm flats A houses from 
£200 pw. Phone 01-491 7645 ITT 

M7YOLY STUDIO Sep kurtmt and bath, 
wfciy hskpr. lennn civ res pm. w hen 
lube. £95 pw. Ol 381 6180 DY or NT. 

UDtunr satnOD PLATE, central Lon- 
don Iran C52S pw pirn v AT Ring 
Town House A Dari merits 373 3433 

PRETTY UTTLE Newty Dec 1 Bed flat In 
excel lent position. WI. £l85pw. 
Denham A Reeses 01-938 350 

S- UN MagnOreiu audio. 24 Hr porter. 
Pnvale parking. £110 pw me CH A 
CHW. S.Q- Bound Lid HI 

mnifCTDN. Pleasant sir nai m eruok 
1119 park 1 OtrL 1 nerp. k A b. Oi Utoe 
£350 prm Ol 892 8677 

^double bedroomed (ally 
tonrtlal with CH Co tel £126 PW 947 

Col T V 24 hr Sw. Telex. Gotttagham 
Aaoitmenu. 01-373 6306. 


Rve advance notice, m pursuance <x see. 
lion 54 ol the Transport Art. |9oa. mal 
Ihev plan to withdraw impil laruittn 
irnm me (oHow mg ^labora n ilte pwnui of 
Drtrmbrr 1986- 


1 Excluding PuUir Drill ecv Siding 
lor Coal claw traffic! 

PanKTJlarsoi Uie data an vcturfi the farui- 
iy will be wilhdrawn and td the 
alterrvuue lardnn wit) be announced 
tor any 

222 Maryleoonr Road 
London NWi CvLI 


NO 001183/86 


TncOlIMm Receiver hav inn raoorted lo 
the Court the results of (hr meeunre ol 
rrediwre and rtminnwoTtes hnrai as re 
pants roe nomination <* a lutuadaMr and a 
Commiler ol InsnectMn 

Court has freed Wednesday 12<n 
November 1986 at ?DOpm at Ihe 
Chandlers ol Mr Ragnrrar Brad Burn 
Room Mt Thomas More Bunding. Rosal 
Courts of Jusure. strand. London WC2 
fa the romidrrauon io me appouiunem of 
a Ua usual or and Committee ol itnoemon 
as will appear inresyv and advisable 
Dated tan 2Sth Day a Oriober I486 

Othrial Rerriser 

J l.P BOP1 
md Pins runnal 
Allan) it Nwe 
Ho Horn VidHini 



I Any creditor or rontribufors hm h a 
limited company or rorpoialinn must 
be represented ds a vtwuiur or 

Your anennon is drawn lo Rule 
I57i3> a inn rombames lumdinpupi 
Rules 1649 II sou wish to attend 
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name in I hr an pro ranee nook wlsirii is 
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ACT Hkv3 



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Business Add-ess Hunters. Hnad Wetaun 
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No 006468 Of 1985 



ACT 1985 

Stan lev Rone oa ?1 Formoaie Soul mule 
London. Nia 70 v. Authorised puom Ac 
rountanl. was duly a non tiled Liuuidainr 
In Ihe above mailer by Order of roe Hmh 
Cctirt on Monday the lan day oi May 


MB All rianm- and debts lo be forwarded 
in The LutUMMIpr al Uie above-menUuiied 




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Dated (he 16th day Of Oriober l“86 


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dated ihe aui Jub »96t> 

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Road. South Croydon has been aopotninl 
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Dated 20Ui On oner |A« 


m»n aged 46. al ora 



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Bv Ordrr of inc High Court 
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„r v 

Pope’s call for 
peace gets 
mixed reaction 


Hr -! 

By Nicholas Beeston 

The call, inspired by ihe 
Pope, for a day of peace 
yesterday drew a mixed re- 
sponse from the world's trou- 
ble spots. 

In some of the world's 
longest and bloodiest conflicts 
pledges were made to main- 
tain the 24khour truce: in other 
regions the appeal was 

The US-backed government 
and Leftist rebel leaders of the 
Frente Farabundo Marti 
group in El Salvador, the US- 
backed Nicaraguan Demo- 
cratic Forces and the 
Nicaraguan Democratic 
Front. Chile's Manuel Rodri- 
guez Patriotic Front and 
Colombia's Armed Revolu- 
tionary Forces all accepted the 

Peru's Maoist Shining Path 
guerrilla group did not and 
was blamed for detonating 
four bombs in a sports 

Christian and Muslim mi- 
litias agreed to a ceasefire, 
despite renewed clashes be- 
tween Palestinian and Shia 
forces in southern Lebanon 
and sniper fire in Beirut. 

Israel was among 40 govern- 
ments which endorsed the call 
and the Palestine Liberation 
Organization said it would 

strike a chord with its 

Iran did not respond of- 
ficially. but President Saddam 
Hussein of Iraq said he would 
observe a ceasefire if Tehran 

The Irish Republican Army 
responded similarly but a 
goods train was derailed by a 
bomb near Newry. 

The Polisario Front figh tin g 
for independence from Mo- 
rocco in Western S ahara , the 
South African-backed Uniia 
forces in Angola and the 
Sudanese People's Liberation 
Army accepted the appeal, but 
Pretoria-backed Mozambique 
National Resistance move- 
ment did noL 

The fatal shooting of an 
army corporal marred an 
agreement between Tamil 
seperaiists and the Sri f-anlran 
government and there was no 
response from Sikh militants 
in India, nor from either side 
in Afghanistan. 

But in Cambodia, anti- 
Vietnamese guerrillas heeded 
the call and in the Philippines 
President Aquino took pan in 
a “Mass for Peace”. 

Indonesia and South Korea 
also recognized the m essage 
but guerrilla groups in Ethio- 
pia. Chad, Spain and South 
Africa did noL 

World religions united 
in Assisi day of prayer 

Condoned from page 1 
result of negotiations, political 
compromises or economic 

The day was divided into 
three parts. First came this 
welcome. The religious lead- 
ers then retired to different 
pans of the town, where they 
all prayed for peace for several 
hours following their own 
rites. This was the least 
successful period of the day. 

The Christians enjoyed a 
dignified service in the cathe- 
dral of San Rufino, where the 
Pope told them that prayer 
was an essential pan of the 
effon for peace. His own flair 
for such occasions illuminated 
the Christian meeting, while 
leasing the other religions to 
run the risk of becoming 
minor attractions for the 

The animists in particular 
looked embarrassed as they 
performed their rites, some of 
them for the first time outside 
their forests, in a municipal 
hall before a large, talkative 

Then the third stage of the 
day restored dignity as the 
religious leaders walked in a 
series of small processions 
through the narrow streets to 
meet in the square beneath the 
basilica of San Francesco. The 
Pope as he walked had Dr 
Runcie on his right and a 
bishop representing the 
Orthodox Patriarchate of 
Constantinople on his left 
Once in the square they 
prayed again. 

The Pope's concluding ad- 
dress was loftily aimed m its 
reminder to his guests that 
“the challenge of peace as it' 
presently is posed to every 
human conscience transcends 
religious differences.” 

But before he finished he 
told them: “I humbly repeat 
here my own conviction; 
peace bears the name of Jesus 
Christ” They then ate a 
simple supper together and 
the Pope’s day of peace, as 
mixed as the weather which 
varied from rain to rainbows, 
was over. 

The Dalai Lama with hundreds of onlookers in Assisi before meeting the Pope at the start of the peace day. 


F rank Johnson lit the Comm 

Skills founder o 

a name unsaid 

Mother Teresa of Calcutta The Archbishop of Caster- 
arrives for the ceremony. bury embraces the Pope. 



1 El Salvador 5 Morocco 8 Israel 11 Indonesia 

2 Nicaragua 6 Angola 9 Lebanon 12 Camborfia 

3 Colombia 7 Sudan 10 Sri Lanka 13 PtiBppJnes 

4 Ctde 14 South Korea 

Opposition members re- 
turned to die House from 
their constituencies yesterday 
to confront the hew issue of 
the hour how to raise — on a 
day when the business on the 
order paper was successively 
about energy policy, the fund- 
ing of the arts, and regional 
development with special ref- 
erence to Scotland and 
Wales — the subject of Mr 
Jeffrey Archer? 

Urey had freed a similar 
dilemma precisely a week 
earlier in regard to Mr Har- 
vey Proctor, the right-wing 
Conservative member for 
Billericay who had been ac- 
cused by a Sunday newspaper 
of personally demonstrating 
his faction's- traditional 
commitment to corporal 
punishmenL Mr Proctor bad 
had a question on the order 
paper, but when the Speaker 
caned Ids name he was not in 
the House. “Where is he?”, 
cried the Labour, benches, 
triumphantly, only to be 
outdone by a Tory who 
shouted: “In the Whips' 
Office,” (laughter in all pahs 
of the House - prolonged, 
and lewd in tone). 

This column did not report 
that incident at the time 
because we do not believe in 
spanking a man when be is 
down. But it has now entered 
the ranks of Great Moments 
in Parliament Mr Proctor 
seems now to be secure in the 
backing of his constituency 
association, if backing be the 
appropriate word. And the 
exchange can now be re- 
corded as an example ofMPs* 
endless ingenuity in 
overcoming the constraints 
of the . order paper. But how 
was this ancient skill , to be 
deployed in the case of Mr 

Question time got going 
with Mr Peter Walker, the 
Secretary for Energy, and his 
junior ministers, maintaining 
an admirable rate of 
productivity in the excava- 
tion of statistics about such 
matters as geothermal power, 
tidal power and wind power. 
Not much scope here for a 
question to do whir the 
eternal power of hisL But, 
from the gallery, we could see 
that the grizzted heads of 
trade union-sponsored La- 
bour MPs, and others, were 
working on the problem. . 

But soon we were on 
questions to the Minister for 
the Arts, Mr Richard Luce, 
and time was running out if 
the Labour Party was going to 
get Mr Archer in dunng 
question time. A Scottish 
Tory asked whether it was 
not a fine thing that Glasgow 

had been chosen as European 
City of Culture for 1990. 

Naturally, the Minister 
agreed, the' cultured Glaswe- 
gians being renowned for 
occasional violence against 
people who do not agree with 
them. The Shadow Minister 
for the Arts, Mr Norman 
Buchan, intervened. He is a 
non-Glaswegian Scot This 
would at first suggest that he 
the place. But his wife, a 
member of the European 
Parliament, is a Glaswegian. 
Whatever the reason, he sup- 
pressed any adverse 
criticism All joined in hymn- 
ing the culture of Glasgow. 

Actually, there is a lot of 
the stuff in the city - the neo- 
classical terraces of the archi- 
tect Alexander Thomson, 
known as "Greek Thomson"; 
the Burrell Collection; the 
Kelvingrove gallery, and in 
die Glasgow Hillhead constit- 
uency, the elegant monument 
which was restored and 
brought to the city after its 
sojourn in Brussels: 
Hulbead's MP. Mr Roy Jen- 
kins-known as “Belgian” 
Jenkins. But one thing was 
certain: none of this had 
anything to do with Mr 
Archer. * 

Now we we e on to ques- 
tions to the Minister for the 
Civil Service, who also hap- 
pens to be Mr Luce — the 
Civil Service and the arts 
being regarded in Whitehall 
as related subjects. Mr Simon 
Coombs, the Conservative 
member for Swindon, asked 
Mr Luce to encourage women 
“to offer themselves” for the 
Civil Service, and to support 
an organization called 
“Women in Public Life.” 

At last, a suitable subject 
Mr Luce said he was in 
favour of women in public 
life. But what about women 
in public streets - ho, ho? You 
can see that this was what 
those Labour brutes were 
thinking. Suddenly, Mr Wil- 
liam . Hamilton, Labour 
member for Fife Central and 
student of the monarchy, 
thought of something, and 
got up. Would Mr Luce 
recommend, he asked, that 
the next Deputy Chairman of 
the Conservative Party be a 

Various irresponsible Tory 
back-benchers shouted: 

And that was the best that 
could be done on a difficult 
day. Other opportunities are 
expected. For example, there 
are the health implications. 
Can Aids be transmitted by 
the exchange of bank notes? 
This would be a matter for a . 
Minister of Health, probably. * 
the aforementioned Edwina. I 


Today’s events 

man dam. Women's Royal Air Exhibitions in progress 

rhmh'ridgr-nhfrr Wylon ’ Ecology and the electricity 

Cambridgeshire. 11.30. supply industry; National His- 

Mpw pvhihifinnc *°nr Museum. Cromwell Road, 

vew exmoiuons SW7; Mon to Sat 10 to 6; Sun 

The Art of living; Leighton t" 30 . 10 
louse, 12 Holland Park Road, L*®* chance to see 
V14; Tue to Sat 1 1 to S. Jewish graphics by Simon 

... . . . D . , Prais; The Sternberg Centre for 

Work by Lamar 1W. Jo Judaism. 80 East End Road, 

ooper and Davma Owen; Finchley. N3; 10 to 5. 
wallow Frames Ltd, 10 
Queenstown Road. SW8: Mon iV,us,c 
a Sun 9 to 5; Tbur 9 to 8; Sat Minstrelsy in Jacobean and 
.30 to. Stuart London: Si Edraund-lhe- 

King. Lombard Street. EC3: I. 

The Choir of Canterbury 

I Puzzle No 17,188 gSSffl.K*!' M ' chacl s ' 

- ^—11 1— - Piano recital by Peter Bridges; 

S I I js St Manin-in-the-Field. WC2; 

ffiSHBa g S n Concert by Academy of St 

PW Marun-in-lhe-Ficlds. Royal 

j j j I Festival Hall. South Bank. 5EI; 

h 9 Recital by Moyra Montagu 

I VV HI (oboe) and Richard Hobson 

J (organ): Grosvenor Chapel. 

— ^ South Audiey Street. W I; 1.05. 

te|:| p|© M-p j Recital by students from 

^ Royal Academy of Music; 

W l|(| Southwark Cathedral. SE1: 1.10. 

MB UaJ— -LwJ Concert by Endellion String 

Upp pjgj Quartet; Bishopsgate Hall. 230 

[ j j j I | Piano recital by Jonathan 

gjjw||ng ■ar BH Plowright: Purcell Room. South 

Organ recital by David Hill; 
i 1 Westminster Cathedra L Vjc- 

■■ tona Street SW 1 : 7,30. 

_ML_JHL_pM_ Concert by The Academic 

I [ j j Chamber Choir of Belgrade: 

1 I 1 I 1 I Church ofSt Anne and St Agnes, 

Rff ^M Noble Street, EC2; 7.30 

III! Bacteria which grow on your 

teeth, by Dr Helen D Donoghue: 
5 Conservationist gets hit in Theatre, University 

open country (5.4). College. GowctSl WChL2a 

7 Fellow worker gives barrel- ^ BritTsh 

maker a Ho. ft nT Seminar Room, uritisn 

O ra.UUl- . Library-Great Russell Street, 

Royal engagements 

The Prince ofWales opens the New exhibitions 
fiftieth anniversary conference ^ . 

of the National House-Building ,,Tbe Art of living; Leighton 
Council at the Hilton hotel. House, 12 Holland Park Road, 
10J5 W14; Tue to Sat II to 5. 

a reception at St James s gwallow Frames Ltd, 10 

Princess Alice Duchess of ^To^&t 

Gloucester. Air Chief Com- £3^. ' ’ & 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,188 

ACROSS 5 Conservationist gets hit _ _ 

1 Generally garbled any order open country (5.4). college, oower 

(2,3.5). 7 Fellow worker gives barrel- * 

6 Exploits book (4). maker a rise ( 1 0). i SSS Great ° 

9 Having plenty of funds. 1 8 American address to put in i -» 

give raem to somebody in good envelope (10). wt ~ *’ 11 

New York (2J,5). 11 Some tennis games, as 

10 Gel Kitty to ring back (4). hear, cause disagreem 

12 Reject note about (3,2.3,4). 

Oddfellows and cause 13 He's let into secret 
hostility (12). breaking game's record 

IS Some flora and fauna cap- 5). 

tuned by the camera (9). 14 Smart detective — he thii 

17 Crow's feathers taking half he knows it all (6.4). 

of nest (5). *6 Complete piece of equ 

18 Wanted Conservative out — mem (9). 

spoke wildly (5L 2! What's left in barrel I a 

19 Something baker produces sumc(S). 

to put fire out (5.4k 22 It s rising in support of 

20 A trifle covers, say. fruit opponent (4). 

(12). 23 One loved swimming in li 

24 In the finish, \ get the giii (4). 


25 We were taught about life to Solution to Puzzle No 17.387 
start with - it's thoroughly 
deserved (4-6). 

26 Photograph bear (4). 

27 Puts money in the box with- 
out moving (5-5). 

Women artists in the Tate by 

11 Some tennis games, as we Pauline Barrie; Tale Gallery, 
hear, cause disagreement Millbank, SW1; 1. 

The art of narrative: Botticelli 
into secret, so and Pimoricchio by Colin Wig- 

breaking game's record (5- (gins: Room 6, National Gallery. 

DOWN . ■ » 

1 Robber abandoned and m 
prison (4). 

2 Singer changed a lot(4J. 

3 pul fertilizer on blue carpet- 
ing (8.4). 

4 There are a number or us in 
the affair (5X 

Cowase Crossword page 14 

5). Trafalgar Square. WC2; 1. 

14 Smart detective — he thinks Modern European Poets: 
he knows it all (6.4). Apollinaire, by Oliver BetMad: 

»SBSr i— * sssssas s:%o. ,Ear,s 

21 inbane,lMn - pr££5iv« a £ sssss; 

some (5). problems - Work, by Rev Dr 

22 It s rising in support of an j D hn Stott: The London In- 

opponem (4). stitute. at St Peter’s Church. 

23 One loved swimming in lido Vere Street. W 1 ; 1. 1 0. 

(4). Animal partnerships: Na- 

tional History Museum. Crom- 

Solutioa to Puzzle No 17,387 well Rpad - SW7: 3. 

The new design - by Alan 
Irvine (gallery designer): Meet at 
Information desk, main en- 
trance. West Wing. National 
Maritime Museum. Greenwich: 
2.15. - 

Palestine Exploration Fund: 
The Nabataeans, by Mr P J Parr. 
2 Hinde Mews. Marylebone 
Lane. W I M: 5.30. 

James Sliding, by Peter Mur- 
ray; Royal Academy o! ArtS- 
Piccadilly. Wl; 1. 


Oxfam Craft Fair and Patch- 
'd page 14 work Quill Exhibition. Smith s 

Gallery- Covent Garden. 


n s bi m nr; ., „ 

i uxJa ■ H i i T Mt di jH W r-~i 

n e n n h 
E B) is a -ml 

aysrauumra ssob 

nHfJ! M !IW J I VA 

TV top ten 

National top ten t e l e vi s ion aroyam o s In 
the weak ending OaoDer 19 : 

1 Eas tEndare (Thure/Sun) 22.40m 

2 EastEndsrs (Tues/Sunf21 45m 

3 Twenty Years ol the two Ronnies 

4 Howards Way 12.85m 

5 Cnmewatcti Ufc 12.65m 

6 News end Weather (Sun 2051) 

7 The Russ Ahbot Show 1240m 

8 Brush Strokes 1 1 .90m 

9 NoRace LAe Home 11.10m 

10 Every Second Counts 10.90m 

t C or o na ti on 5treet (Mon) Granada 

2 Coronation Street (Wed) Granada 

3 Bind Date Lwt 14.50m 

4 This Is Your Life Thames 13.05m 

5 The Meam TTV l24flm 

6 BUBseve Central 1215 

7 Crossroads (Tups) Central 12.00m 

8 Emmerdate Farm (Tues) Yorkshire 
11 70m 

9 The Krypton Factor Granada 11. 6Sm 
<0 Dempsey and Makepeace Lwt 

11. 55m 


1 Fawtiy Towers 9.10m 

2 The Life ano Loves of A She Devil 

3 Naked Video 6 90m 

4 imemaaonaJ Snooker (Sun 16£9) 

5 MASH S.90m 

S Alas Smith and Janes 5.90m 

7 hnemattonaJ Hockey (Sun 14.55) 

8 Loeiung For Mr. Gcodtar 5.40m 

9 international Snooker (Sun 21:44) 

10 The Trouble With Sez 4.20m 

Channel 4 

1 Brooks Kte (Man/Sat) 6.80m 

2 Brooks**? (Tues/Sat) 5.85m 

3 Kiss Me Goodbye 4.60m 

4 The Cosby Show 3.75m 

5 St. Elsewhere 3.85m 

6 Saturday Almost Live 3 J5«n 

7 Gotten Girts 3 15m 

8 V/ad screen '96 Awards 3.00m 

9 Amencan FootttaB 295m 
10 HiU Street Blues 285m 

Breakfast television: The average 
weekly figures lor audiences at peak 
times (with futures m parentness 
showing the reach - the number o I people 
who viewed lor at least three minutes): 
B8C1; Breakfast Tma : Mon to Fn 
1.5 (7.9) 

TV-am: Good Morrang Brian Mon to Fn 
24 (10 01 Sa 26 (6.8) 

Sim 22 

Broadcasters' Audience Research Board. 

The pound 

Australia 5 227 2.15 

Austria Sch 21 JO 20X0 

Belgium Fr 6270 59.10 

Canada 5 2JJ25 1.835 

Denmark Kr 11J25 1086 

Finland Mkk 7.42 6J2 

France Fr 9.75 9.25 

Germany Dai 100 283 

Greece Dr 21580 19380 

Hong Kong S 1181 1081 

Ireland Pf 1.104 1.044 

Italy Laa 207S.W 19S5.00 

Japan Yen 238.00 22480 

Nether la nds Old 3.39 asp 

Norway Kr 1086 1088 

Portugal Esc 21980 20780 

South Africa Rd 485 145 

spam Pie 198.00 188.00 

Sweden Kr 1027 g.73 

SariBertand Ft 2M 7 v 

USAS 1.47 1.40 

Yugoslavia Dnr 75080 65080 

Rates lor small denomnaton bank notes 
orrty as supplied by Barclays Bank PLC 
□itterem rates apply to travellers' 
cheques and other foreign currency 

Retail Price Index: 387.8 

London; The FT Index dosed £2 up at 



■“ ^ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ■” ■ | 

Loudon and South-east A3c 
Water main repairs at junction 
with Stag Lane, one lane only in 
both directions. Kingston: New 
road layout at junctions of 
Thames Street and Clarence 
Street, Horsefrre Car park 
closed All: Reconstruction 
work in High Street just west of 
Abbey Lane, westbound lane 

Midlands: Ml: Contraflow 
between junctions 27 and 28. 
slip roads closed both ways. 
Contraflow between junctions 
22 and 23 (A50 Leicester/A512 
Loughborough). MS: 

Contraflow between junctions S 
and 6 (Bromsgrove/Droitwich). 

Wales and West M4: East- 
bound carriageway closed for 
repairs between junctions J6 
and l7(Swindon/Chippenham). 
contraflow westbound. MS: 
Lane closures between junctions 
1 1 and 1 2. northbound entry 
slip road dosed for resurfacing 
ai junction 14 (Tbombury). 
A35: Lane dosures on east- 
bound carriageway at Upton 
bypass (Dorset). 

Information supplied by AA 


Births: Cornelias Jansen, 
leader or reform in the Roman 
Catholic Church, was bom at 
Acquoi. Netherlands. 1585. 

Deaths: John Locke, Oates. 
Essex. 1 704: David Jones, writer 
and painter, author, of In Paren- 
thesis. London. 1974. 

The Statue of Liberty was 
unveiled in New York harbour, 

1 886. The influenza epidemic in 
Britain was at its height. 1918. 
Today is the Feast of the 
Apostles Saints Jude and Si- 

Parliament today 

Commons (2.30): Motion on 
Deacons (Ordination of 
Women) Measure. 

Lords (2.30): Housing and Flan- , 
ning Bill, third reading. Na- 
tional Health Service 1 
(Amendment) Bill, report stage. | 

— ( Qold — 

PwtWW - how ID pmr 

Monday urctay record your daily 

Portfolio total 

Add ilmt looctnor 10 determine 
your weekly Portfolio total 

li your total matches the oubUshed 
weekly dividend figure you ha\e won 
outnani or a share of me prize money 
stated for that week, and must Claim 
your prize as Instr ucted Dekw 

T ele phone The'" ! nmea PonfsMo Claims 
utta 0ZS4-U27T Between 1080 le af 

no eumu tm no oocopiad o mnrte these 

You must have your card with you 
whrn you telephone 

if you are unaMe to telephone 

someone rise can claim on your behalf 
bui they mist have your cam and call 
The Times Ponfotfo claims Hue 
between the cupulaietf times 

ho responsibility can De accepted 

lor lailure to Contact the claims a nee 
for any reason within the stated 

The above iramiroaas are ap- 
plicable to both dally and weekly 
dmdend claims 


A west to southwest air- 
flow covers die UK 

6 am to midnight 

London, SE England, East An- 
gfia, Channel Islands: Cloudy with 
occasional rain, clearing late after- 
noon; wind W or SW light or 
moderate; max temp ISC 139F). 

Central S, E, central N England, 
Mkfands: Occasional rain cfsarina 
during afternoon, with sunny Inter- 
vals developing; wfnd W to SW 
moderate; max temp 14C (57F). . 

SW. NW England, Wako: Rain 
soon cfearing, lollowed by swmy 
intervals and isolated showers; 
wind SW or W moderate or fresh; 
max temp 13C (55F1. 

Lake District, tele of Man. NE 
England. Botders, Etfinb ur gh. Dun- 
dee, Aberdeen, SW Scotland, 
Glasgow, Central Highlands, Mo- 
ray Firth: Sunny intervals and 
showers: wind SW to W moderate 
or fresh; max temp 1 1C (52F). 


Outlook for tomonow and Thurs- 
day: Changeable, with sunny inter- 
yafe and showers. Near normal 

Smites SonmtK 
6.46 an 4.42 pm 

Moon (tea Moon ants 

12.18 am 3.18 pm 

New moon: November 2 

Lighting-tip time 

London 5.12 pm to 6.18 am 
Bristol 581 pm to 688 am 
Edtotegb 5.12 pm to 643 am 
Manchester 5.15 pm to R32 am 
Penzance 586 pm to 637 am 


Temperances at imOday yesWOay: c. 
ctoucr: I. tar. r. ram: a. sun. 

C F C F 

Battel c 1457 Guernsey r 1055 
BTmnbam c 14 57 hwe msss c 1457 
Bisdcpoai c 15 59 Jwsey r 1355 
Bristol C 1457 Londae r 1355 
Cerdltf r 1457 ITnchsCar c 1457 
EdMw^i r 1559 WeemeiBe 1 1559 
Glasgow 0 1355 FTntOswsy c 1355 


YesMdsy: Temp: max 6 am to 6 pm. 14C 
(57F) . mm 6 pm to 6 em£C (48F) 
HumdKy: 6 pm. 84 per cent. Ran 34hrto 
6 pm. 0.1 tin. Sun: 24 hr to 6 pm, n«. Bar. 
mean see level. 6 pm. 1017.4 ntiBbars, 


Highest and lowest 

NOON TODAY PMnun b ihewn 'mx mOtm FKONT3 Warn CeM 

sStaL i| 


Yostantey: Ktfiesi day temp: Matte. 
19C (66H : lowest day max: Leralcfc. 11G 
(5ZF) . highest ra tote: Si Bees Heed. 
1.81 ai: tvtfwsi sunshine: Kmkss. 1.8 hr 

r986 PnniM tnr London Posi (PnnL 
ml LimirM frf 1 Vlrgttua street. 
London El VXN an/Fto' 
srauand Ud.. 124 Portman sSrcL 
hinnma Park. CSawjow C4i IEJ. 
TOWJW October &T 1986. Rep. 
«crrt as a newspaper at the Po5 

High Tides 



D el faa t 








Bt i rtu iilif 


L i verpool 

Sk y: tote sky and tend: c- 
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todl: mtrf-misl: mw. ttv- 

touad e r s ioi'u n peboumrs. 

uiuhwu mvi eu- imwunua. 

Arrows show wind direction, wind 
speed (mum circled- Temperature 

ht par ht 
6 St &58 5.6 
3.4 9.41 3^ 

8-6 251 S3 
21 7.17 ai 
ai 2.38 8.7 

AI 1.11 44 

52 727 M 
3.9 1281 42. 

a a ais 4.1 

3.4 7.48 as 

42 6.49 4.6 

5.4 234 15 

65 2.06 6.9 

44 11.01 4^ 

78 7.34 7J 

ai 6.10 2.1 

3.8 8.18 48 
48 233 53 

50 131 5.4 

10 240 33 
4.1 1236 4.4 
1A 225 1.8 

3.7 740 a7 
48 728 48 

38 720 38 

a 8 ai8 72 

1283 42 

32 881 34 

w 1ro*32B08A 

Around Britain 

Sun Rain 
hro bi 

88 - 
78 - 

as - 

84 - 


78 - 

84 - 

84 - 


82 - 
&3 - 

as - 
88 - 

14.57 sunny 
15 SB bright 
14 57 sunny 
14 57 sum 

14 57 tarigti 

15 .59 sure? 
15 59 Origin 

Sim Rain 
hra m 
68 85 
78’ x 
ao .05 
x 84 

4.1 89 

7.1 - 

72 - 

72 - 

78 - 

58 - 

58 - 

78 - 

ai - 


68 - 
29 81 
82 82 
39 • - 
12 87 
28 82 


•BODAY* c. tend: d. tHzzkc f. 6hr; Ig. tog; r. tel; s. sup. an. snow; t thunder. 



Alex' drie 










1 17 63 Cotogae 
S 24 75 C* phage 
t 25 77 Corta 
e 21 70DuMn 
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r 19 88-Fen 
s 3l 88 n orence 
I 28 82-Fntetat 
s 18 84 Funehal 

r 9 48 GMmNar 
s 12 54 HeMnld 
s 23 73 Hong K 
I 15 59 tee tefc 
1 14 57 ictvnbul 
r 11 52 JoddMr 
S 12 54 Mum* 
r 8 48 Karachi 
8 24 75 LPteMS 
f 27 81 Uabon 
s 17 63 Locarno 
s 21 70T. Angsts' 
e 14 57 Luxomba 


54 Mtetcs 1 

50 Hili jm 
70' Malta 

61 Me lh-me 
55- Mexico C 
75 M ter 
61 Map 
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70 Moscow 
48 Monte 
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41 Napte 
81 NDtei 
. 46 N York* 

66 MCO 

95 Oslo 
Faria . 
73 fteh- 
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V <*“*• 

business and finance 


21 . 




Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 

FT 30 Share 
1257.8 (+6.2) 

ft-se 100 

1586.2 (+9.1) 
n/a (25605) 

V SMCDatestream) 

125.28 (+0.12) 


US Dollar 

1.4075 (-0.0055) 

W German mark 

2.8822 (+0.0117) 

67.8 (-0.1) 

Coalite bid 

goes ahead 

Hargreaves Group, the file! 
distribution group, hay ended 
its resistance to the £99 mil- 
lion bid from Coalite Group, 
after it discovered a £2.8 
million stock loss at its B&- 
gian coal trading operation 
(Alison Eadie writes). 

The board of Hargreaves 
yesterday recommended Coal- 
ite's offer. 

Hargreaves has owned 100 
per cent of the Belgian opera- 
tion since March. Hargreaves 
may close the operation, 
which would mean closure 
costs estimated at £2 million. 

Directors of Hargreaves and 
Coalite met yesterday and the 
Hargreaves’ directors assured 
Coalite that the group’s other 
operations were trading sat- 

Hargreaves’ share price 
closed 5p lower at 265p. This 
was 5p below the cash offer 
and 8p below the share and 
cash offer. 

Lonrho in US 

oil venture 

Lonrho, the international 
trading company led by Mr 
“Tiny” Rowland, has formed 
a joint venture with Mr Rob- 
ert Anderson, former chair- 
man of Atlantic Richfield, the 
American oD company, to 
produce oil and gas in the 
United Slates. 

The venture has negotiated 
to buy oil and gas properties in 
the Mid-West and Rocky 
Mountain areas for $180 mil- 
lion (£128 million). 

Apex deadline 

Apex Group, the New Zea- 
land developer, will announce 
its intentions over Property 
Holding and Investment 
Trust today. A higher offer at 
I80p is expected. Its tender 
offer of 160p cash per share for 
.29 per cent of Phit closed 
yesterday. . . Tempos, page 24 

Lucas sale 

Underwoods Cash Chem- 
ists has paid £1 22 million for 
P B Lucas, trading as Seefelds 
Dispensing Chemists in Earls 
Court. London. It intends to 
open an Underwoods store 

Agency float 

Fletcher King is expected to 
be the next commercial estate 
agent to come to the stock 
market after the successful 
debut of Baker Harris Saun- 
ders Group, the first to do so. 

Sumit grows 

Sumit the group specializ- 
ing in providing development 
capital for management buy- 
outs, is seeking a full Slock 
Exchange listing to raise new 
capital for further investment 

Appleyard bid 

Appleyard Group has re- 
ceived an approach over a 
possible bid and is consulting 
its financial advisers. 

Will Street 
Co News 



ComaeHt 23 
Stock Market 23 
.Tempos 24 
Money Mrkts 24 

Forego Exch 24 
Traded Opts 24 
Share Prices 25 
Unit Trusts 26 
Commodities 26 
USM Prices 26 

‘Tidal wave’ overwhelms new-technology Stock Exchange 

Big Bang shambles as 

computer breaks down 

. By Michael Clark 
and Richard Thomson 

The Big Bang, the biggest 
event in the City of London's 
recent history, turned into a 
shambles yesterday when the 
Stock Exchange's computer 
system, on which the new 
market is based, went out of 
action even before trading 

The collapse of the Topic 
network at 830am meant 
many dealers could not up- 
date their prices in time for the 
9 am opening. The system did 
not come into action until 
10am. leaving market-makers 
dealing “blind" — relying on 
quotations by telephone. 

Sir Nicholas Goodison, 

chairman of the Stock Ex- 
change Council, said: “The 
fact mat the system worked at 
all this morning was a 
triumph." Topic had been 
overloaded by a "tidal wave" 
of page requesi5~ 

The Slock Exchange Auto-: 
mated Quotations system 
(SEAQ), which handles price 
updating by market-makers, 
had to dose until Topic was 
restored. Market-makers were 

“It was not a triumph by a 
long chalk." said one trader. 
"As fer as we are concerned, 
there was no other fault than 
at the Stock Exchange. It is 
time they stopped being com- 
placent about the situation. 
This failure is likely to happen 

tomorrow and the day after, 
and so on, because everyone 
relies on Topic screens to find 
out juices." 

The pit-edged market was 
quiet with insufficient turn- 
over to put the system under 
strain. The Bank of England, 
which is responsible for gilts, 
said it was satisfied with the 
way the day's trading had 

The Stock Exchange settle- 
ments system worked satisfac- 
torily, but there was a power 
failure at NMW, an indepen- 
dent company providing sett- 
lement facilities for more than 
LOO member firms. 

It was estimated that by 
4pm a record 3 million page 
requests had been made on 

Topic. There was also a total 
of 22,300 trades reported 
among the alpha and beta 

The breakdown and the 
subsequent delays were good 
news for traditonalists like 
Smith New Court which Is 
maintaining a strong presence 
on the floor of the Exchange as 
a market-maker. As soon as 

the Topic and $EA(j systems 

closed down, the floor was 
flooded by dealers trying to 
execute orders through the 
traditional method. 

One dealer, frustrated by 
the SEAQ system, com- 
plained: “If I can find what I 
think is the right price on the 
floor, I am prepared to deaL" 

Goodison blames Topic 
subscribers’ curiosity 

■:v #4 *v/w* ■•i?' 'S.Vh I'’ 



By Michael Clark 

Yesterday’s disastrous de- 
but for the Stock Exchange 
Automated Quotations Sys- 
tem was a prime example of 
Murphy's Law; "If something 
can go wrong, it will”. 

But the problems en- 
countered by dealers on the 
trading floor stemmed from 
te chni cal problems at Topic, 
the Stock Exchange's own 
tried-and-frusted screen-based 
information system. 

Topic wait off tire air at 
830am — a crucial time for 
traders hoping to establish the 
price of stocks ahead of the 
official start of dealings at 9am 
— and stayed down for more 
than an hoar, apart Cram one 
internissfon. The break also 
resulted in aD operations on 
SEAQ bong suspended for the 
same period. 

Stock Exchange officials 
Mamed a breakdown in the 
Irak between Topic and 
SEAQ. Market-makers feed 
their prices into foe SEAQ 
computer which are then up- 
dated and displayed on foe 
10,000 .Topic terminals situ- 
ated in the City offices of 
brokersand fond managers. 

Sir Nicholas Goodison, 
chairman of foe Stock ■ Ex- 
change Council, described 

Sir Nicholas: Topic system 

is becoming antiquated 

Topic as foe world's eyes on 
the market and said although 
it had eqjoyed a (ugh level of 
reliability, it was six years old 
and considered fairly anti- 
quated by today's standards. 

A Stock Exchange spokes- 
man quickly blamed curiosity 
for foe foikire: “The system 
cannot handle aD the Topic 
sets being used at the same 

Topic was operating at 
maximum capacity yesterday, 
receding 12,000 page requests 
a mutate, or 200 per second. 
Sir Nicholas said the system 
had suffered a small setback 
which had been put right. He 

said Topic had been over- 
whelmed by foe number of 
page changes which, normapy, 
it would not have to cope with. 
Most of it was simply curiosity 
by subscribers. 

"If you want to put a 
monkey, or a dodo in a zoo, 
everyone wfl] want to look at it 
on foe first day," be said. 

But it is stiff possible foe 
breakdown could happen 
again. SEAQ eocoraages deal- 
ers and fond managers louse 
its screens more and a sadden 
surge of business may over- 
load Topic. 

The Stock Exchange’s tech- 
nical officers say there are 
only few adjastments that can 
be made to Topic. One may be 
to introduce an automatically 
triggered queuing system 
which limits foe number, of 
subscribers using foe system 
at any one (rate. But many 
dealers fear, fob could lose 
them business. ; 

Meanwhile, there were still 
complaints from market-mak- 
ers about foe time it took for a 
price change to appear on 
Topic after dealing. There 
were reports of delays up to 
one hour. Sr Nicholas said 
these would be checked bnt 
stai Mamed market-makers’ 
own internal systems for the 

Vf*: *** '**’'’’* 

The nt^-technology trading begins 




New screens ‘fail 

to catch full deals’ 

By Lawrence Lever 

Trading in the FT-SE traded 
option was suspended for 
about an hour at the start of 
dealings yesterday because of 
the computer breakdown. 

Mr Bernard Reed, manraer 
of the Slock Exchange's Op- 
tions Group, said: “Without 
adequate information to work 
out the index, we could not 
calculate the prices for the 
index option.” 

Trading continued, how- 
ever, in all the stock options, 
with the prices of the options 
displayed on the Stock Ex- 
change floor on its own self- 
contained computer system 
for the options market. 

Some fund managers away 
from the floor did not have the 
stock options pages on their 
Topic screens for at least two 
hours in the morning. This 
inhibited rather than pre- 
vented dealings. 

The overall level of trading 
on the options market, at 

18.000 contracts, was below 
the daily average achieved s6 
fer this month of 25,000- 

27.000 contracts. 

Dealers said this was in part 
due to the Topic breakdown 
but also because everyone was 
taking time to gel used to the 
new SEAQ system. 

By Richard Thomson, 

There were already signs 
that the new screen-based 
dealing system ushered into 
the City yesterday was not 
being regarded with total con- 
fidence by traders, and not 
just because of technological 

“There are two levels of 
market at the moment." said 
Mr Trevor Pullen, head of 
equity investment for the 
Prudential Assurance, the 
stock market’s biggest cus- 
tomer. “The real market is off 
the screens.” 

He explained that traders 
were generally only putting np 
prices m small amounts, most 
commonly in 1,000 shares bid 
and offered, on their dealing 
screens. But these dealers were 
really interested in dealing in 
for larger amounts which 
could only be ascertained by 

Some dealers believed that 
market-makers were posting 
small amounts on their 
screens as a defensive move in 
case their prices were not in 
line with the market. 

“The Stock Exchange Auto- 
mated Quotations system is 

Banking Correspondent 

over the phone — and that is 
foe price foe market wfl] then 
trade off Only small amounts 
are dealt on the screens." 

He added: “The Stock Ex- 
change should set the mini- 
mum quotation Emit at 
something like 10,000 shares. 
There would certainly be 
fewer market-makers because 
at the moment many of foe 
screen prices are just free 
advertising for some market- 
makers who have no intention 
of dealing in large amounts." 

Dealers said yesterday that 
because much of the serious 
market-making was going on 
over the telephone, back- 
wardations were appearing on 
screens because foe screen 
prices mattered less. 

Dealers said that equity 
market spreads between bid 
and offered prices had 
changed little, but in the gilt- 
edged market they had shrunk 
significantly. Under the old 
system, gflt dealing spreads 

had been around % to they 
'io and w 

not much help in ^giving an 



_ 182750 (—4.36)* 
16157.80 (-120.20) 

N«w Yoifc 

Dow Jonas 

Nikkei Dow 
Hong Kong: _ 

Sydney: AO 1346.8 (-15.5) 


rmviiun; m 

Commerzbank — — 19723 (+33) 


General SHUMI [+ 1 M|| 

Paris CAC 3802 (-2-9) 


SKA General — ; n/a 

London closing prices Page 25 



Bank Bass 11% 

3-month Interbank 11 B i*-11K% 
3-month eligible bOsiaK-iO’n* 
' rrato 

Prime Rate 7%% 

Federal Funds 5 l3 w»%* 

3-mortth Treasury BWs &20-5.18%* 
30-year bonds 94*si-94'33%' 


£ DM28822 

£. S*Fr2.3828 
£ FFIr9.4100 
E; Yen226.03 
E: index: 67 3 

New Yoric 

$: El .4070* 

$: DM2.0465* 
S: FFr6.6850* 
$: Yenl 80.65* 
Index:! 11^ 

ECU £0.727702 SDR £0848850 


Allied Lyons 

Tate & Lyle — 

Wolseley ~ 
kcal Bar . 



Scottish & Newt 
K Brooks .. 
Central TV 





620p I 

■ 384pi 

Southend Stadium — 208pl 

Ayer Hitam — — . I60p ( 

Piston Int 170p | 

Pearson Group 573pi 

Mercury tot — 370p j 

Cable & Wireless 328p| 

App. Holographies — 313p | 


4S2p | 

Cartio Eng. Group — 450p("3( 
Bechoc omp onants — 3Wp M4 
Conroy PeL — 263p (-11 


London FbtfnJF 


New Yoric 

Comex 5410^0-410.70* 



accuracte picture or the mar- 
ket but it is useful as a guide," 
said Mr Pullen. 

"We saw one market-maker 
with a dealing size of 1,000 on 
his screen but we knew he was 
actually bidding for 1 00,000 of 
foe stock at that price. At foe 
moment if you have large 
amounts to deal in. you do it 

were now between 
for foe more popular stocks. 

Mr Ken Sinclair, bead of 
gilt-edged trading at Barclays 
de Zoete Wedd, said that 
around 40 per cent of the 
market-makers’ morning trad- 
ing in gilts had been through 
foe lDBs. He said that some 
gilts market makers were play- 
ing complicated games 
through the EDB system to test 
their competitiors and that 
this was likely to become a 
feature of the new markets. 

Shell UK 
to shed 

700 jobs 

Om* Business 

Heavy job losses were an- 
nounced yesterday in the oil 
industry and by Automotive 
Products, the car parts group: 

A total of 700 jobs will go 
over the next three years at 
Shell UK's Stankw oil refin- 
ery in Cheshire. The work- 
force of 2,400 wifi be reduced 
through voluntary redun- 
dancy and natural wastage as 
part of plans for the further 
restructuring of foe organizar 
tion and modernization 

Most of the job losses wifi 
be at management and super- 
visory level. There have al- 
ready been 1,000 job losses at 
Stanlow since March last year, 
when Shell said the refinery 
was too costly to operate. 

At Automotive Products, a 
subsidiary of BBA Group, the 
fast-growing engineering and 
industrial textiles group, fell- 
ing car pan sales wfll mean the 
loss of 500 jobs by the end of 
the year, on top of 500 
redundancies so fer in 1986. 

BBA said the contraction of 
the British motor industry had 
obliged it to accelerate rat- 
ionalization measures. The 
company initially told its 
workforce earlier this month 
that only a farther 320 jobs 
would disappear. 

Automotive Products, in 
Leamington Spa, Warwick- 
shire, said foe job losses would 
mainly affect indirect produc- 
tion workers such as fork- 
truck drivers and machine 
setters. They would be 
achieved through voluntary 

Maxwell buys 
shares in 
Norton Opax 

Mr Robert Maxwell, pub- 
lisher of foe Daily Mirror, 
yesterday intrigued the market 
by announcing he had ac- 
quired 50,000 shares in Nor- 
ton Opax. foe printing and 
publishing company bidding 
for McCorquodale. 

Mr Maxwell last week as- 
sented his 10.85 per cent stake 
in McCorquodale to Opax, 
after McCorquodale refused 
to welcome him as a 25 per 
cent shareholder. 

Broackes set to 
join Eurotunnel 

By Teresa Poole, Business Correspondent 

Sir Nigel Broackes, chair- 
man of Trafalgar House, is to 
join foe board of Eurotunnel 
as a non-executive director if 
the consortium's £206 million 
international share placing is 

successfully completed by the 

« 2i 

deadline £i 2pm tomorrow. 

Last-minute efforts contin- 
ued yesterday to raise foe 
money and the Anglo-French 
partnership remained opt- 
imistic that foe £10 million 
shortfall from British institu- 
tions would be found. 

Eurotunnel denied there 
were plans to replace its 
financial advisers but said that 
a full post mortem would be 
held after tomorrow. "Quite 
clearly we would like to see if 
there are any lessons to be 
teamed," a spokesman said. 

There is now concern that 
some previously favourable 
institutions, particularly in the 
United States, may be fright- 
ened off by the difficulties that 
Eurotunnel has had raising 
finance in its home market 
Despite the support of some 

important institutions, includ- 
ing the Prudential, British 
investors have failed to put up 
the £70 million that was 
wanted from this country. 

Eurotunnel wfll hold a full 
review’ of the financing plans 
in the light of a far more 
ambitious international £748 
million public share offer next 
year which was planned to be 
at a 42 per cent premium to 
the placing price. 

Sir Nigel, whose rival 
scheme for a cross-Channel 
link was turned down, is 
joining foe board in a private 
capacity. There are no plans at 
present for Trafalgar to take a 
stake in foe consortium or to 
become a partner, and there 
have been no promises of 
construction work. 

Sir Nigel has always been a 
strong supporter of a fixed link 
and his involvement at this 
stage, at foe invitation of 
Eurotunnel's joint chairman 
Lord Pen nock, is bound to 
improve foe credibility of foe 

More home loan rises 

By Peter Gartland 

In the continuing round of 
mortgage rate rises, the Bristol 
& West and Britannia budd- 
ing societies announced in- 
creases yesterday, as did the 
Royal Bank of Scotland. 

Both foe Bristol & West and 
Britannia are increasing their 
rates by 125 per cent to 12-25 
per cent from 1 November. 
Britannia say that where the 
mortgage deed stipulates one 
month’s notice, the increased 
rate will apply from I Decem- 

ber, but the higher rate will 
apply immediately to new 

The Royal Bank of Scotland 
is also increasing its mortgage 
interest rate from 1 1 per cent 
to 1225 percent (.APR 13 per 
cent), to take effect from 17 
November. The rises from the 
Royal Bank of Scotland apply 
to endowment and pension 
mortgages as well as to repay- 
ment mortgages. 

Shake-up on way at Lilley 
after £24m half-time loss 

Significant management 
changes are expected a t FJ C 
Lilley, the Glasgow construc- 
tion group, after pretax losses 
of £24A million for the sfot 
months to July 31. In the first 
half of last year, IiDey made a 
pretax profit of £4.7 miBkra. 

Last week, the announce- 
ment of the interim results was 
postponed. Speculation that 
the groap was in difficulties 
followed and the shares were 
suspended on Friday morning. 
They regained their fisting 

- The interim statement de- 
tailing the problems besetting 
the group concludes that “the 
interests of the group ■would be 
best served by the fhU-time 
attention of an e xecutiv e chafr- 
man. This and further main 

By Alexandra Jackson 
board appointments will be 
made at aa early date.* 4 
Surprisingly, the directors 
of the group were unprepared 
to talk to City commentators 
yesterday, saying they had 
been advised that the state- 
ment provided adequate in- 

Some sources suggested 
that Lilley was nervous about 
hi Iking to analysts, many of 
whom may now be acting in a 
new dnaJ-capadty function 
and would therefore be closely 
associated with market-mak- 
ers. Given foe circumstances, 
they may have been concerned 
that this would have been 
particularly damaging to foe 
share price. 

The interim results show 
Lilley trading profitably in 

Britain, making an interim 
pretax profit of £3.5 million. 
However, overseas contracting 
lost £15 million, necessitating 
farther provision of £13 m3- 
iioa. Losses and provisions 
were declared after a com- 
prehensive worldwide review 
of the group's big contracts. 

Turnover for the first six 
months of 1986-87 rose from 
£160.5 million to £175.2 mil- 
lion. No interim dividend was 

The directors expect the 
.second half of foe year to be. 
profitable. They also bopethat 
during 1987 monies will be 
recovered and daims awarded. 

A $30 mOEoa (£213 mil- 
lion) syndicated term loan 
ferifity, arranged earlier this 
year by a consortium of bank- 
ers, is still in place 


leap at 

By John Bell 
tit}' Editor 

Burgess Products, the 
microswiich manufacturer 
which has been revamped by 
its new chairman. Mr Robert 
Morton, yesterday reported a 
sharp rise in profits for the 
year ;o August 2 

On turnover only modestly 
higher, pretax profits rose 
from £1.892 million to £3.132 
million, while earnings per 
share increased by 46 per cent 
to 15.6p. 

Shareholders are to receive 
a final dividend of 2p per 
share ‘.making a total for the 
year of 25 p. Last year, a total 
dividend of 2p was paid. 

Mr Morton, who bought a 
16 per cent shareholding in 
Burgess early last year, said 
yesterday that the main 
restructuring of the company 
had now been completed and 
that a programme of expan- 
sion by acquisition was under 
way. With the sale of the 
acoustics engineering in- 
terests, the last of the remain- 
ing lossmaking activities had 
been eliminated. 

Prospects for growth in the 
current year were eaco urging 
with all operating subsidiaries 
having healthy order 

EEC gets tough over trade barriers 

Tokyo warned on drinks tariffs 

From Richard Owen 

As a team of executives 
from the European and 
.American wine and spirits 
industries prepares to fly to 
Tokyo this week, EEC foreign 
ministers yesterday gave 
warning that Japanese trade 
barriers against Scotch whisky 
and other European alcoholic 
beverages would lead to retali- 

at Royal 

A reorganization of the 
management structure of 
Royal Ordnance was an- 
nounced yesterday to take 
place early next year, coincid- 
ing with its planned 

The present structure of 
four operating divisions is 
being reduced to two: naval, 
air and engineering division 
and land weapons division, j 

The restructuring is de- 
signed to make the business 
more marketing and cus- 
tomer-oriented and will also 
put all the research and 
development activities under 
central control. 

No factory closures or job i 
losses are said to be expected. 

anon against Tokyo by the 

After talks with Mr WjJJy cte 
Clencq, the Commissioner for 
Externa! Relations and Trade, 
the ministers approved a 
Commission proposal for 
referring Japanese protec- 
tionist practices to Gait, the 
General Agreement on Tariffs 
and Trade. But the EEC 
statement gave no details of 
threatened Additional mea- 

sures" and it is likely to be 
seen by the Japanese as yet 
another protest. 

The Scotch Whisky Associ- 
ation has long complained 
bitterly against high Japanese 
tariffs, and its cause had been 
taken up by the Commission. 
Yesterday, the ministers, at a 
meeting chaired by Sir Geof- 
frey Howe, the Foreign Sec- 
retary, said that if Gan 
confirmed that Japanese tar- 

iffs Merc discriminatory . yet 
Tokyo took no action within 
30 days, the EEC would hate 
no option but to scl 

A statement said the Coun- 
cil of Ministers would monitor 
Japanese exports to Europe 
"vigilantly 7 

Mr Alan Clark. Minister for 
Trade, urged Britain's Com- 
munity partners to set a strict 
deadline for Japan to reach a 
satisfactory solution. 

EEC blames school leavers 
for rise in unemployment 

Luxemburg (Reuter) - Un- 
employment in the European 
Economic Community rose by 
179,000 last month, according 
to statistics published 

Bur EEC officials said this 
did not indicate a new rise in 
the jobless tread because 
school leavers in many mem- 
ber states first come to the 
unemployment register In 

Figures from Eurostat, the 
EEC statistics office, showed 
almost 15.8 million people out 
of work last month — 8.73 
million men and 7.05 milli on 
women — compared with just 
over 15.6 million in August. 

Uownployment rates 

west Germany 





Luxembourg .... 




Eurostat's report showed 
unemployment to be 0.7 per 
cent higher than in September 
1985, after a year-on-year rise 
of 13 per cent for August. 

The under-25 group formed 
much of the increase between 
August and September, but 
unemployment in this area 

Sept 85 

Aug 86 

Sept 85 


























7 A 

was 13 per cent below the 1985 

Eurostat gave no separate 
figures for Spain or Portugal 
because their unemployment 
rates are not calculated in die 
same way as those of other 
members. There were also no 
detailed figures for Greece. 

• '■ ’■£; 

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Research and Investment: 
Therefe a future in what we dow 

Whether m private life or m business, if you don’t plan 
ahead you're likely lo risk not only your own future, but 
also that of your family, your employees and even that of 
generations yet to come. 

In the business world, providing for the future means 
investing - investing more, year after year, in research and 
in plant and equipment And if you don't invest, sooner or 
later you'll lose out to the competition. 

Bayer knows this as well as anyone: In 1985 we invested 
DM 2 billion in capital, another DM 2 billion in research. 
Sizeable sums which have to be earned before they can be 

Capital investments go into building, replacing and expanding 
production facilities. Expenditure on research is devoted to 
the quest for products of ever higher quality. Products to 

help improve the quality of life and raise health standards. 
Products to help secure future food supplies and protea 
the environment, 

Bayer is providing for the future. Not just the future of 
those who work for us but of everyone - including the 
generations to follow. 


During the first si* months. Btfver Wbdd turnover declined 
b> I?- per rent to DM 21.597 billion, ihe result mainly of exchange 
rate fluctuations, prod lbeforemroscQ.9ner>anltoDMI740 billion. 

Bajer AG turnover decreased bv 3.5 per cent lo DM 9088 billion. 
Profit before lex ime by 6.0 per cent, teaching DM SUM million. 

«WS: Turnover Bayer World DM -15 926 billion. Share of ules 
outside West Germany 80 per cent. 

Turnover Bayer AG DM 17535 billion. Export share boJ per cent 

Bayer World capital investment DM 2.058 billion. Share m West 
Germany: DM 1.1)74 billion. 

After-tux profits for Bayer World DM 1.436 billion, fur Bavcr AG 
DM 773 million. 

Divtdend 1985- DM 10 per share of DM 50 nominal 

Total dividend payments.. DM 523 million on capital stock of 
DM 2.613 billion distributed lo some 320,000 sha reholders 

For further information on Bayer, please contact Bayer AG, 
Public Relations Department, D-5090 Leverkusen. West 

UK petrol 
by Kuwait 

By Teresa Poole 

Business Correspondent 

Kuwait's state-owned oil 
companv vcsicrdsy entered 
the British petrol market with 
ihe first major new inter- 
national petroleum products 
brand to be introduced in this 
country for 17 years. 

The "QS” brand of petrol, 
lubricants, and oil products 
has gone on sale at 30 petrol 
stations in the South-west and 
South Yorkshire. 

The network will be quickly 
extended through the ac- 
quisition of Hays Petroleum 
Services which distributes 
petroleum products to about 
800 independent stations in 
Britain, accounting for about l 
per cent of the market by 

Hays Petroleum Services is 
a division of the Hays Group 
which is wholly owned by the 
Kuwait Investment Office. 

The introduction of the 
“Q8” range into Britain fol- 
lows its successful bunch in 
six other European countries 

Kuwait Petroleum Inter- 
national, the subsidiary of 
Kuwait Petroleum Corp- 
oration responsible for 
marketing and refining out- 
side Kuwait, began its Euro- 
pean operations in 1983 with 
the purchase of Gulf Oil's 
refining and marketing opera- 
tions in the Netherlands. Bel- 
gium, Luxemburg and Den- 

Rather than use the Gulf 
name it decided to develop a 
range of products under the 
new brand. KJPI will now seek 
to take a share of the British 
petrol market through a pro- 
gramme of acquisitions of 
petrol stations and fuel oil 

Mr Ralph Brown, director 
of marketing at KPI. said: "It 
is a logical first step. Our 
strategy has always been that 
there is not much point just 
selling crude oil and products 
but to move into the added 
value end and actually get 
involved in the retail market. 1 * 


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Opec ‘to double 
market share’ 

Abu Dhabi (Reuter) — A 
senior Arab oil official pre- 
dicted that Opec would pro- 
duce 60 per cent of world oil 
before the end of this century 
- double its current market 

Ali Attiga, the secretary- 
general of the Organization of 
.Arab Petroleum Exporting 
Countries, Oapec, told the al- 
Ittihad newspaper in an inter- 
view published yesterday this 
could lead to the early deple- 
tion of Opec oil reserves. 

"At the same time that I 
admit the necessity of preserv- 
ings suitable share for Opcc in 
the market, I hope increased 
demand for Opec oil will not 
force members to produce at 
full capacity." he said. 

He expressed confidence in 
the future of Opec. the 
Organization of Petroleum 
Exporting Countries. 

“I believe Opec's strength 
lies in the fact that its mem- 
bers are keen to preserve it. 
This can be seen in the current 
situation when political dis- 
putes have reached the stage 
of war between two members, 
but they are still meeting and 
belong to the same organi- 
zation “ he said, referring to 
Iran and Iraq. 

Ali Attiga also called for the 
strengthening of regional en- 
ergy organizations such as 
those in Latin America. Africa 
and the Arab world, saying 
they were the key to solving 
energy problems. ’ 

Seoul foreign debt falls 

Seoul (Reuter) — South 
Korea expects a fall in its 
annual foreign debt for the 
first time this year, officials at 
the Economic Planning Board 
said yesterday. 

Last month foreign debt fell 

to $46.3 billion (£33 billion), 
down from iis historic high in 
July of $47.4 billion."The 
figure is likely to fall further, 
to below $46 billion by the end 
of 1986," one official said. 

Talks start 
on new 
cocoa pact 

L3gos (Reuter) - The 
world’s leading cocoa produc- 
ers began a week-long meeting 
here yesterday aimed at get- 
ting consumer nations to rat- 
ify a new international pact 
which would attempt to sta- 
bilize the volatile cocoa 

"We will be finding ways; of 
putting political and trade 
pressure on consumers to 
ratify the new cocoa 
agreement." Mr Julian 
Onuoha. the current chairman 
of the Cocoa Producers Alli- 
ance, said. 

The CPA comprises Brazil. 
Camcroun, Ecuador. Gabon, 
Ghana. Ivory Coast Mexico. 
Nigeria. Sao Tome and Prin- 
cipe. Togo and Trinidad and 
Tobago, and accounts for 
about SO per cent of world 
cocoa output. 

Industry sources believe 
there is little doubt that major 
importers like the EEC and 
the Soviet Union, who have 
completed the first stage of 
membership and signed the 
accord, will go on to ratify it 






MENTS: No dividend (same) 
for the year to April 3a Property 
and investments: turnover 
£7.05 million (£3-51 million). 
Banldng services: pretax profit 
of Knowsley, £26,679 (£1.97 
million loss). Group pretax 
profit £153,564 (£2.6 million 
loss). Earnings per share 3.1 Op 
(51.97p loss). P 

HOLDINGS: Year to June 30. 
Total dividend raised to 6.15p 
(5.25p) and one-for-five scrip 
issue proposed. Turnover 
£24.18 million (£24.44 million). 
Pretax profit £1.15 million 
(£1.03 million). Earnings per 
share I4.3p <24.37p). 

EXPLORATION: Six months 
to June 30. Pretax profit 
£629,000 (£457,000). Earnings 
per share 9.06p (6 -29p>. 

(HOLDINGS): First half of 
1986. Interim dividend raised to 
2p (Up) lo reduce the disparity 
between payments. Turnover 
£5.12 million (£3.59 million). 
Pretax profit £108.066 (£36.987 
loss). Earnings per share l55p 
(!.57p loss). 

• FROST GROUP: Save Ser- 
vice Stations, the group's peiro- 

icuiii icuiiiing onsnooL ana me 
Oakstead Group (operators of 
petroleum retailing sites) have 

jointly agreed to buy 38 petro- 
leum sites from Petrofina (UK). 
The cost to the group, including 
development works, for the 19 
sites attributable to it. will be 
about £4 million. 

GROUP: First half of J9S6. 
Interim dividend lp. payable 
9^ L ^ , ‘ T . u 7 10VW '* , 'jl million 
(£1.08 million). Pretax profit 
£161,000 (£301000). Earnings 
per share Z7p (2.0p). The board 
is confident that, on the basis or 
present trends. 1986 will be 
another record year. 

months to October 5. Interim 
dividend Ip (same). Pretax rev- 
enue £673.000 (£619.000). Earn- 
ings per share 2. 14p (1 .94p). 

company is reporting for the 28 

to August 13. Turnover 
£3.01 million l£121 million). 
Trading loss £36.567 (loss 
tW.755). Loss per share lip 

months to June 30. No interim 

dividend (nil). Sales £2.57 mil- 
lion (£2.87 million). Pretax loss 
£161.000 (£47.000 profit). Loss 
per share 9.49p (0.27p earnings). 

group has won contracts in new 
developments and refurbish- 
ment projects totalling £22 mil- 
lion. These include work valued 
at £4.5 million in three shopping 
centres — Victoria Place, SW I. 
Elephant and Castle, SE 1 . and at 
Wigan, Greater Manchester. 

Belgian offshoot. DPCE SA. has 
acquired General Computer 
Service, formerly controlled by 
Mr L Gcencns and based in 
Antwerp. The price is 31.6 
million Belgian francs 
(£530.000). subject to adj- 

HOLDINGS: Interim dividend 
0.5p (same), payable on Dec.5. 
TuriO'-er fll 83 million 
(£12.14 million) for the six 
months to June 30. Operating 
profit £80.422 (£47,754). Profit 
?iii?kjfi a ble to the company 
£S0,422 (loss £395.334). &rn- 
mgs per share 1.34p (loss 0.93p). 

ERTIES: Total dividend lifted 
to l.75p (l.4p. adjusted) for the 
vear to June 30 

£14.43 million (£10,85 million). 
Prem profit £4.05 . million 

share 6.59p (5.35p. adjusted). 


dividend raised to Up (0.6p) 
for the year to July 31, Turnover 
£296 million (£3.21 million). 
Pretax profit £907.000 (£t. 4 i 
million). Earnings per share 
3.9p (5.5p). ^ 

• ENSIGN TRUST: Total pav- 
mem 0.9p, adjusted (0.7p. ad- 
justed) For the year to Sept, 30. 
Interim dividend 0.3p (0.2p, 
adjusted) for the current year. 
Total income £7.33 million 
(£7.09 million). Pretax profit 
£4.2 million (£1.38 million). 
Extraordinary debits £1.59 mil- 
lion (£365.000). Earnings per 
share (before extraordinary 
items) !.07p (0.92p adjusted) 
and after. O.Sp (0.78p adjusted). 

• BASS; Alexis Lichine, the 
Bordeaux wine subsidiary, has 
bought a majority holding in 
Cognac Otard, for 30 million 
French francs (£3.2 million). 

• LONRHO The company has 
formed a joint venture for oil 
and gas production with Mr 
Robert Anderson, the former 
chairman of Atlantic Richfield. 

The main focus of the company 
will be on production in the US. 
It has negotiated for a large 
number of oil and gas^producing 
properties in the mid-cnniincrii 
and Rocky Mountain areas and 
the price for these proven and 
probable reserves, together with 
other possible production, is 
about 5180 million (£(2S mil- 

MENTS: The group is to buy 
Southern Sea Fishing Enter- 
prises (Ply) for about RJ! 
million (£3.44 million). The 
price will be financed initially by 
a loan, pending a rights issue by 
Qvcnstonc. Talks are advanced 
on the disposal of the group's 
property and construction in- 

Under the agreement lor the 
acquisition of Ultimate Data 
S> stems of the US. the first 
instalment of the consideration 
has now been estimated at 
£248,583. It will be satisfied by 
the issue of 214.296 onfinarv 
sharcs (valued at 1 16p each). 

The company has aagreod (%uN 
jeet tu shareholders' jppnnal) 
to acquire the Verson Intcr- 
nmionul Group for the issue or 
Ml million ordinary shunts. The 

vruiiwncs compare with 
the 12.5 million already in issue 
and would represent SO per cent 
ol the enlarged capital. 

• BFJAM: Mr J D Apthoro. 
the chairman, reports in hiv 
annual statement that he is 
optimistic about the current 
year. Premlimtnary figures m- 
dictue a worthwhile increase m 
pmlns for the September qmr- 
ter over the same period last 

J ® ar June 30. Total dividend 

(155 ««). Pretax padit 
5M4.78 million (£l,2S million), 
against SM 12.08 million. Earn- 
mgs per share 47 sen (94 Mm). 

EQUIPMENT: Sis munihs to 
Turnover £3.78 million 
(£.».. i9 million). Pretax ornfii 
per share 4.4p (2.5pL 

• BM GROUP! The group ix 
paying £_. 2 million in cash tf» 
buy Hymac Excavators, 
H aula mat ic Trucks and Rite- 
mixer Truck Mixers* 

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Scottish & Newcastle climbs 15p 

on confirmation of Brierley stake 

By Carol Leonard and Cliff Feltham 

The realizaiion that life 

on after Big 

brokers breathing a rieh 3 
relief, yesterday. Afler^rariv 

dra!S? £ hlCC - ps ’ wh »ch tad 

ft to the floor 

oi tne Exchange to track, it 
was largely business as iSaL 

- oa U-Mihi 

m™4 - 1 ,?.^ broker . com- 

men led; “Ifs been a learning 
Jf J ■ ? ul I,fe hasn’t changed as 
much as some people 
expected. M U ‘ ,IB 

£?*.«! as 

closing near its opening level, 
up 6._ points at 1,257.8. The 
broader-based FT-SE 100 in- 
aex followed a similar pattern, 
dosing up Q.i at 1,586.2. 

Gilis opened as much as fife 
lower at the long end. but 
recovered when Wall Street 
opened on a firm note to end 
the day more than £Vi higher 
in the longs and unchanged in 
the shorts. 

speculation over the weekend 
that IEP may have a holding. 

Mr Brierley bought the 12 
million stares in Scottish & 
Newcastle in a £13 million 
spending spree and is believed 
to have paid an average of 
l$5p a share. Yesterday, with 
the shares up I5p at 205p, he 
was sitting on a £1.4 mUlion 

Mr Alick Rankin, the Scot- 
tish & Newcastle chief exec- 
utive, said lie saw no reason to 
get “over-excited'’ about the 
build-up by Mr Brierley. He 
said: “We cannot come to any 
extreme conclusions at the 
moment He lends to build up 
siakes in many different com- 
panies, but of course, all 
things are possible. We will 
keep a dose watch on the 
situation, but we do tend to 
live in a world where people 
take strategic holdings on a 


Among leading equities. Lo- 
tas dropped 24p to 454p as 
Phillips & Drew, the broker, 
downgraded its profits fore- 
cast from £112 million to £98 
million. The company's re- 
sults are out in two weeks’ 
time. Glaxo fell 8p to 91 2p as a 
line of 3 15.000 shares changed 
hands, while Aified-Lyons 
gained 7p to 300p, Beeduun 
4p to 419p and Hawker 
Siddeley 3p to 41 2p. 

• Crystalate, the computer 
parts manufacturer, firmed 2p 
to 202p as Mrs Sally 
Thompson, an electronics an- 
alyst at Kteimvort 
Grieveson, tipped them as 
that sector’s cheapest 
stock. The company has fore- 
cast pretax profits of f&9 
million for the year just ended 
and Kleinwort is looking 
for £10.5 million in 1987. 

The sleuths at Wood 
Mackenzie, the broker, have 
been down at Companies 
House again, this time check- 
ing through the share register 
of Scottish & Newcastle, the 
brewer. Their investigation 
revealed that IEP Securities, 
Mr Ron Brierley’s Hong Kong 
investment vemcle, does now 
hold a 2.3 per cent stake in the 
group. There had been 


short-term basis so we 
have to wait and see.” 

The company is seen by the 
City as being bid- vulnerable, 
with its hotel division hit by 
the fell in tourists this year 
and a question mark hanging 
over its intentions towards 
Matthew Brown, where it has 
a 29.6 per stake following its 
unsuccessful bid attempt last 

Speculation about 
Hillsdown Holdings' next ac- 
quisition continued to add 
spice to the food sector. The 
latest talk is it will go for 
Northern Foods, the shares of 
which leapt 13p to 285p in 
response. * Unlikely,” says Mr 
Robert Brand, sector specialist 
at Wood Mackenzie, “but 
Northern Foods has been 
selling off small peripheral 
businesses recently and it is 
possible the two companies 
could be in talks for a deal 
along these lines.” 

Elsewhere in the sector, 
Sainsbnry eased a penny to 
395p as James Capel, the 
broker, sold a line of 4 million 
shares to Smith New Court, 
the market-maker, at 390p, 
buying them back in the same 
deal at 392p for another client 
Tate & Lyle climbed 18p to 

The new SEAQ (Slock Ex- 
change Automated Quota- 
tions) competitive price 
service revealed Cable & 
Wireless, the electronics and 
communications group, as 
one of the most heavily traded 
stocks. The volume traded 
yesterday touched almost 4 
million shares, in tranches of 
more than 100,000 shares at a 

• Some brokers are saying 
it could again be tin» to look 
at the 600 Group, the en- 
gineering and machine tool 
business whose chairman. 

Sir Jack Wettings, has con- 
firmed his intention to 
stand down. The new man at 
the top is to be Mr Jeff 

Beosoo, the deputy chairman 
of the NatWest. 

the company’s telecommuni- 
cations contracts in Japan and 

Elsewhere in the electronics 
sector. Electrocomponents 
slipped 14p to 374p as James 
Capel, the broker, down- 
graded its profits forecast Its 
forecast has been cut from £42 
million for the year to March, 
1987 to £39 million. Mr Jim 
Ross, an analyst at James 
Capel, said: “There’s nothing 








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Br Aerospace 










Br Petroleum 









177’jBr Tatocom 






























Cable & Wireless 



■ +13 

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Cadbury Schweppes 186 










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391 312 
348 278 
288 218 
484 293 
283 183 
231 163 
539 417 
593 426 
578 428 
248 162 
942 718 
234 148 
900 605 
520 345 
781 511 
967 762 
426 344 
415 321 
970 658 
168 86 
772 520 

Imp Chwn bid 

Land Socuttas 
Lagal & Gon 

Marks & Spancer 
Nat West 
P 8 0 DM 
Ram Baa 
Recktt Coiman 

Royal Ins 
Salisbury (I) 

Sedgwick Gp 



Sun Affiance 
96 BO'iTSS P/P 
420 265 Tesco 
529 374 Thom EMI 
349 248 Trafalgar House 
209 139 Trusthousa Forte 
19‘a 13'a Unilever 
269 216 Utd Bmcutts 

10 * - 
508 510 
348 350 
333 334 
230 232 
405 410 
232 233 
199 201 
518 522 
498 502 
495 497 ( 
174 178 i 
765 768 i 
164 168 
770 772 
500 502 
655 660 t 
843 845 
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360 363 
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148 148 
718 722 
80 81 
415 417 
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276 278 
163 164 
226 228 



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694 272 

224 8400 
164 7400 
174 527 
44 1400 
134 457 
648 271 
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334 142 

74 483 
164 5.100 
17.1 387 
124 1.100 


The gilt-edged chorus as dawn 
broke over the global village 

City men and women gathered 
early at offices all over the 
Square Mile yesterday waiting 
for the magical hoar of 9am. 
Christopher Dunn was there. 

There were, of course, two 
Parkinsons. First the witty 
Professor C Northcote Parkin- 
son, who framed the law: 
“Work expands to fill the time 
available for its completion.” 
Thai was the old gilt-edged 
market a closely-knit commu- 
nity. full of characters, nick- 
names, protocol and practical 
jokes. It was short on technol- 
ogy and long on technique. 

You could leave a bargain 
in the market, slide out for a 
quick snifter in the Jamaica, 
gossip with the boys at the 
round at Union, and still find 
the price unchanged on your 

Parkinson Mark Two? We 
are in the dark. Today is Big 
Bang when the stock market 
revolution, unwittingly 
sparked by Cecil Parkinson, 
the erstwhile Secretary of Stale 
for Trade and Industry, 
explodes. . 

It is just after seven in the 
morning. We have an early 
conference. Not a lot to report. 

his much like Friday, when 
the Bank of England hit the 
market with a sneaky tap. just 
when traders thought n was 
safe to hide in the wine-bars. 

Sterling? It is weak against 
the dollar, bumping up against 
lows at 51.40, but firm, at 
DM2.86 against the German 
currency, we think the market 
will start quietly, and we 
estimate ibe Bank has set an 
upper limit for yields through 

Eddie George, left, responsible for gilt-edged and money 
markets at the B an k of England and Cecil Parkinson 

ish short-term instruments 
since 1970.” 

Gibbs and his team are just 
itching to get into the mark 
and start pushing it around. 
No sense of stage fright here. 

Off to Phillips & Drew in 
Mooigate. Four rows of desks, 
each desk with four screens, 
occupy the end of the seventh 
floor. An air of distinct men- 
ace hangs over the dealing 
room. Superbear Stephen 
Lewis says that turnover is 
ahead of schedule on the day. 

“We’ve increased our mar- 
ket stare this morning Virtue 
has its own reward.” 

the tap. Do we go for the tap 

later this week? We think we 
might, but it is too early to say 
so with confidence. Time ricks 

by. • 

We are getting closer to 
9am, the time when the New 
World begins. Danny, laid- 
back to a quintessential de- 
gree, makes a joke:. “It’s like 
the London to Brighton car 
race. AH those jalopy contrap- 
tions put-putting round the 
garden in the summer. Now 
they're at the starting line.” 

Wondering about our com- 
puter system, we laugh. It 
eases die tension for a mo- 

ment All eyes across the City 
are straining at screens, wait- 
ing for the off Reg looks taut 
while Jock, midfield general of 
the team, looks remarkably 
relaxed Tom wears an anx- 
ious frown. The salesmen are 
very quiet 

Normally at this hour our 
dealers would be waiting out- 
side the stock market suited 
and shaved, under the keen 
gaze of their partners. But our 
dealers are here with us in the 
dealing room, looking slightly 
adrift. A world of bygone 
ritual is leaving us. 

&55am. The engines are rev- 
ving, the goggles adjusting, the 
hands clamping more firmly 
on to the wheel. Screens are 
glowing at us, bank upon bank 
of technology waiting to purr 
into action. 

8 J9am. At the Bank of Eng- 
land Eddie George and his 
team, are throwing their hats in 
the air. 

9am. Dealings begin. Off we 
go: have a good day. We reach 
out and touch the global 

We adjust quickly in the 
first few minutes. No informa- 
tion from the market floor, 
but a steady flow of intelli- 
gence from the futures market. 
Volumes there are low. Every- 
one is taking it carefully. Iteg 
dives in swiftly, as an absurdly 
cheap price appears on the 

The market sags rapidly. It 
is hit swiftly by the big boys. 
We go half a point off Brains 
scrabble in the void to stay in 

touch with the market — just 
to feel what is going on. Like 
ectoplasm, the price surface of 
the market sways in and out of 
focus, detached from its moor- 
ings, Shorts are quiet. All the 
action is in the longs. 

The emphasis is different 
We watch the inter-dealer 
broker (IDB) screens to find 
out what is being hit what is 
being taken. The market is 
sagging heavily. Suddenly, 
traders are conscious that this 
is more than just a game. r 

The salesmen are loving it 
No hassle over finding dealers 
on the floor using absurd 
walkie-talkie outfits. Just grab 
a price from the traders and 
punch it into the client. 

Matthew, our ex-dealer, 
sums up the difference be- 
tween today and what it was 
like at the end of last week: 
“Instead of having to check 
prices with seven jobbers, who 
are all. rude to me, I check 
them 20 feel away with mates 
of mine.” 

To Bow Wine Vaults, off 
Cheapside. The heroes of the 
revolution are taking their 
ease over lurch. The air is full 
of Sloane shrieks. Hi 
Ally sums up: “Not a lot 
changed, so far as we can see. 
They re eating their food as 

To SG Warburg, to discover 
David Burton and his trading 
team enthusing over the new 
system. “Last week it could 
have taken up to five minutes 
to pul a bargain through, now 
it takes 10 seconds.” 

And the spreads have come 
in. Some market-makers are 

cjuoun^ Via point spreads in 

million for the runners — 
that is, the most heavily 
traded gilt-edged stocks. In the 
past, the spread would have 
been at least 14 point in £2fe 

Suddenly Reg is on his feet, 
exultant. “We're going 
better.” he shouts. 

. It is time io find out how the 
opposition is performing. 

Gerrard & National, off 
Lombard Street, the largest of 
the discount houses under the 
old regime. The chairman, 
Roger Gibbs, is flanked by 
directors. They look calm ana 
sound determined. 

They explain carefully just 
what that means for trading. 
Under the old system, traders 
needed to see a Vi point gain to 
make V& point profit- Now, 
they can take % point out of 
the market on a 3 /is point 
movement Net effect of all 
this? A for more liquid mar- 
ket where traders can take 
profits quickly. 

To Banng Brothers, where 
Simon Ellen and Michael 
Baring are speaking of low 
trading volumes. Most of the 
players are sitting on the 
sidelines, waiting to see if the 
system actually works. 

“Big Bang has not meant a 
culture shock for us. We have 
been making markets in Brit- 


If you are out of your money 
three days, then the system 

win have failed. It is as simple 
as tbaL 

time. Robert Fleming, the 
broker, was said to have been 
bidding aggressively for the 
stock after deciding to go long 
on it. Cable's stares went up 
15p to 329p. 

One sector expert said: 
“We’re not aware of any other 
story behind it, apart from 
continued bullish reactions to 







fundamentally wrong with the 
company, it’s just that its price 
was looking a bit high com- 
pared to the rest of the 
electronic components dis- 
tribution industry.” 

Hanson Trust was also 
heavily traded, with 4.9 mil- 
lion stares changing hands. 
The shares edged up just talfa 
penny to 195.5p, with some 
institutions trading on the 
back of expectations of a 
multi-billion dollar ac- 
quisition in the US. 

Polly Peck, the Turkish 
mineral water to televisions 
group run by Mr Asil Nadir, 
capped Friday's 13p rise with 
another 7p gain to I90p. The 
shares have sprung to life 
following the article in this 
column on Saturday about Mr 
Richard Lake, the City’s lead- 
ing chartist, who says the 
shares had been stuck at the 
160p level for the past few 
months, but have now “bro- 
ken out” and are beaded for 
higher ground. He sees them 
returning to their May peak of 
213p and going higher still in 
the medium-term. The com- 
pany is also expected to 
announce a tie-up with a 
major blue-chip company 
soon, to market a new range of 
consumer products in Turkey. 

Sears and Burton were the 
most actively traded stocks in 
the stores sector, with 12 
million Sears stares going 
through the market, but the 
high volume did little for the 
share prices. Sears finished 
just three-quarters of a penny 
lower at I31.5p and Burton a 
couple of pence higher at 
270p. Stylo climbed 12p to 
220p, but analysis say they 
know of no particular reason 
for the rise. 

Elsewhere, the sector was 
mostly a few pennies better 
where changed. Body Shop, 
Dixon and Moss Bros, all 
gained Sp to 670p, 349p and 
495p respectively. Boots put 
on 2p to 228p and Next, which 
announces its results tomor- 
row, finned l.Sp to 250.5p. 
Harris Qoeensway went up 2p 
to 204p, ahead of its results ou 

Rugby Portland Cement 
edged up 0-25p to 156.5p and 
could be in for a more 
substantial boost following a 
lunch the company had yes- 
terday with Kleinwort 
Grieveson, the broker. Mr 
Andrew Melrose, an analyst at 
KJeinwon, was told that the 
company’s British activities 
were recovering strongly, 
mostly due to unit-cost sav- 
ings. He has now upgraded his 

profit forecast for 1986 from 
£31 mil 

million lo £32^ million. 

The much-talked about bid 
for Pfikingtoo, the glass group, 
foiled to materialize and the 
shares, which spurted 15p 
early on in anticipation, fell 
back to a 4p gain at 507p. 

COMMENT Kenneth Fleet 

The world series gets 
under way at last 

No birth is without pain: only 
optimists and fools expected the 
renaissance of the Stock Exchange to 
proceed without screams and 
complications. The great thing is that 
it happened There is no way back into 
the womb. The straggle for existence 
and healthy growth is under way. 

London, in a real sense, is already 
the centre of the global market in 
internationally traded securities. 
There are good reasons why this is so 
but they do not include the vision of 
the London Stock Exchange, 
blinkered for so long; the vitality of 
the British economy; or the number of 
UK stocks with international appeal. 
For its own sake, the Stock Exchange 
is now in the front line, but it is the 
new Slock Exchange, not the old With 

tion of Parliament. The capitalist 
revolution that began yesterday m the 
City needs a third Thatcher ternj- 

Fury and reality 

few exceptions the leading stock- 

s effectri 

brokers and jobbers are effectively 
controlled by outsiders: UK clearing 
banks and merchant banks, foreign 
banks and American investment 
houses. It is conceivable, especially 
when the Japanese are given per- 
mission to move to the front, that 
London, as an international exchange, 
will be a client of overseas 

Wisely perhaps, some merchant 
banks have elected from the beginning 
to be the niche players. Lazards and 
Schroders, for example, believe that in 
certain areas they have the skills to 
compete with all -comers. They are 
undoubtedly right to concentrate their 
human resources and accumulated 
experience where they believe they 
have most to offer. 

In the world series, it is being left to 
groups formed by three dearers — 
National Westminster, Barclays and 
Midland — together with Mercury 
(S.G. Warburg), Kleinwort and Mor- 

The Government is said to be fu rious 
at London’s reluctance to stump up 
£70 million of risk capital for the 
Channel tunnel. There is a delicious 
irony in this. For it is government 
offerings like British Gas and British 
Telecom which are the rea’l and 
currently more favoured alternatives. 

Critics say the City is at heart a 
place full of gamblers who sjo for 
more at home taking the short-term 
punt rather than making sensible 
long-term investment decisions. 

The agonies of the Channel tunnel 
promoters arise from the mimdane 
fact that the risk/reward ratio is not 

Non-taxpaying institution] » who 
subscribe to the current plaicing of 
shares are offered a gross .cate of 
dividend return slightly over 17 per 
cent on a host of assumptions. This is 
only a handful of percentage- points 
above the expected returns fr om the 
equity market as a whole. If di- vidends 
continue to rise at the rate of the past 
ten years the returns are very much in 
line with the Channel project. 

Yet, because the tunnel proc luces no 
income until the early 1990s, the rate 
of return calculations are unusually 
sensitve to forecasting error. If one 
factor, say construction cosits, goes 

astray moderately, that woul d be no 

gan Grenfell, to carry the flag. Facing 


them are Citicorp, Merrill Lynch, 
Morgan Stanley, Salomon , Goldman 
Sachs and Shearson Lehman — to 
name but six New York giants. 

The home teams start with two 
disadvantages. They lack experience 
in the dealing systems, which in large 
part have been imported from New 
York. And they are fairly new to 
dealing in international securities. It 
may not be surprising that London 
banks and brokers have done little in 
Tokyo and not a great deal piore in 
New York. It is odd that few attempts 
have been made to build a significant 
business either in Eurobond maricets 
or in cross-border equities. 

But the home t eams are by no 
means beaten before they start Some 
of them have resources equal to the 
task and they are capable of learning 
fast But they will need a fair wind be- 
hind them, not least from the direc- 

problem. But if there is a delay 
resulting in cost overruns, and the 
revenues in the early days c >f opera- 
tion are not up to expectati ons, the 
actual rate of return courtd vary 
substantially from the central 

For a projected return of 25 per 
cent, the City would have happily 
taken those risks on board. With the 
last £70 million of its £200 billion 
pension portfolios, it can i afford to 
take quite sizeable risks for- sizeable 
rewards. But on the Channel tunnel 
numbers, the premium returns over 
those available on relatively risk-free 
assets simply do not w arrant a 
cavalier approach of the kin d that the 
Prime Minister would dearily love to 

That is hardly the fault of the 
investing institutions, who are all 
trustees of other people's cstsh. Their 
enthusiasm might well have been 
considerably greater had the returns 
been heavily biased towaxds early 
backers of the project 
As things stand, they gain very little 
from investing now and lone little by 
holding off until the fiituie for the 
Channel tunnel is a little clearer. 






Cleaning contractors can break your heart. 
First of all 

they sweep you off your feet. 

Then, when rite honeymoon period is over 
so ido it seems, is the commitment 

There is however an office cleaning 
company that's been together now for more than 
50 years. 


As a privately owned family business OCS 
still hang on to some pretty old fashioned • 

Like working ar a relationship and taking a 
pride in unfashionable tiling like industrial 

housework. That's \ 
are probably the most powe 
in office cleaning today. 

As a family business OCS are kno wn for 
their unique personal approach to sup* rrvision 
and quality control. 

The most senior OCS manageme nt are 
never remote figures either to the custoi net; or 
to the men and women who are trustee 1 with 
the keys to your office building 

We think a call to OCS on 01-2411 8800 
could well make you less cynical about . office 

After all, before you ga into bed with 
another contractor shouldn’t you me et the 
family first? 

Office Geaning Services Limited 

Changing Venues- Unchanging Values 


1 ■ ■ 






Angfti Sees mspj 
Appfiayard fl25p) 

Baker Hurts Sndr (TTDpJ 
Bernr^irch&Nobla (?l 5 p) 
Btenltaim Extnb {9$p} 
Cttygrova (100a) 
CrwgWon LAs (130p) 
Euro Home fiSfc) 

Great Southern (I35al 
Gutffcrle Com flSCp) 
Harrbson (ISOpJ 

Hughaii Fbod (20p> 
Marik* Express flffipj 
Local Lon Op 
Marlborough Tech fTTOp) 
Mecca ly™ ft35p) 
Miter * Santhouse (I05p) 
News ye Trans (75p] 
Radar wc Gp (9Qpf 
Rotunds (95p) 

Flyman (11 Op) 







160 +5 
171 -1 
28 +h 
206 +1 

31 3 

Sondefl Peridna (135c) 
Scot Mtge 1QQ% *0% 
TS8[ Group (lOOp) 
Thanes TV (190 d) 
Treas sH%i/l 20i6 s*S7 
WUnwy Mjcfcay (160p) 
WQohons Better (104p) 
YeJvenon (38p) 
Yorkshire TV (125p) 


Beflway N/P 
Ekown (cent N/P 
FR Group N/P 
Lawrence (Wtal tor N/P 
Ls isuw iime F/P 

Norfolk Ore N/P 
Parrish Ut] N/P 
Ptatfgnwn F/P 
Seta N/P 
Tilbury F/P 

Qssue pica in brackets). 

81 U +U 

Insider appeal halted 


From Stephen Leather 

The leading Hong Kong 
businessman Mr Li Ka-shing 
has given up the fight to dear 
his name of insider dealing. 

Mr Li and four fellow 
directors of the Hutchison 
Whampoa trading group wen 
labelled as Hong Kong's first 
culpable insider dealers by the 
Insider Dealing Tribunal 

A High Court judge later 
upheld the tribunal’s decision 
over Hading of shares in the 
Hong Kong property com- 
pany International City Hold- 
ings. The directors said they 
would appeal 

Mr Li was said to be angry 
about the insider trader label 
as Hutchison Whampoa, 

agreed to sell flats worth 
HK59O0 million (£80.6 mil- 
lion) to a Peking-con trolled 

which recently took a 4.9 per company. Ever Bright The 

cent stake ui the British 
company Pearson, plans to 
expand in countries where 
insider trading is a crime: 

But in a statement issued by 
his Cheung Kong group. Mr Li 
said **ii would be meaningless 
to take further action”. 

The Insider Dealings Tri- 
bunal was set up to look inio 
the trading of ICH shares in 
early 1984. A wbofljAjwned 
subsidiary of ICH, which is in 
turn owned by Cheung Kong, 

contract contained a cancella- 
tion clause, kept secret at Ever 
Bright's request. 

As soon as the deal was 
announced in January 1984, 
the shares rocketed, but Ever 
Bright invoked the cancella- 
tion clause on June 26, 1984, 
and the shares plummeted- It 
was later discovered that be- 
tween January 16 and March 
I, 1984, a Cheung Kong 
subsidiary had sold more than 
55 million ICH shares. 

Problems build up at 
lossmaking Lilley 

. ■ lcuimiIii 



ASod Lyons 

P301) . 

Cons Gold 

Sarto* Jt 

300 20 

330 7 

380 2 

600 SO 
650 45 

700 20 

550 122 
600 82 
650 57 

Apr ■** 
2B 3? 
17 22 
7 — 

100 — 
63 78 
33 50 

142 — 

112 — 
84 102 

15 20 25 
38 40 46 
65 67 - 
10 18 — 
25 45 50 

55 75 83 

12 16 - 
25 37 — 

45 62 70 

Thom EMI 



















































































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Grand Met 
























































land See 














































Shell Trans ■ 






















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Jem 1 

































































































Blue Cinte 

























































40 52 73 

17 28 47 

7 17 - 

52 65 77 

25 40 52 
10 22 34 

2 8 — 
97 — — 

67 82 — 
40 54 70 

18 32 43 


Dec Iter Jen 
23 30 37 
50 53 58 
93 93 - 

3 8 13 

20 22 27 
45 sa ss 

S5 57 — 

3 ~7 — 

6 13 IB 
17 22 28 

TtewMoalii Storing 

Dec 86 ZZZ. 



Sep 87 

Dec 87 

Mar 88 

Fob May Nov Feb 

Brit Aero 

BAT bids 





Cadbay Schwpps 








Vaal Rests 


18 42 52 10 

6 23 35 42 

1% 9 17 90 

9 18 24 5 

234 8 15 19 

1 334 9 86 

32 38 42 2 

16 24 Z7 7 

5 16 18 18 

18 28 35 S 
5 12 22 25 

2 S 11 50 

95 — — 1 

66 — — 114 

35 - - 4 

27 42 50 5 

8 20 28 17 

2 8 18 43 

16 23 30 2 

10 18 23 714 

5 12 18 16 

32 55 67 7 

10 25 37 35 

3 8 IS 80 

45 57 — 114 

13 32 50 15 

114 12 23 55 

14 — — 105 

14 22 30 8 

414 12 18 18 

114 414 9 36 

62 85 102 7 

30 54 72 20 
12 27 42 55 

4 — — 102 

814 13 1614 4 

3 8 11% 1014 

1 4 8% 19 

114 — 

5 9 

17 20 

32 35 

10 13 
22 26 
38 40 

7 8 

12 14 
23 28 

13 18 
30 33 
52 53 

Tbraa Morn bed 

Dec 88 

Mar 87 


Sep 87 


Dec 86 

Mar 87 - 



Dec 86 

Mar 87 

-bm H7 _ _ 



Mar 87 

Jin 67 

Sep 87 


Dec 86 

Mar 87 

_ mm 

- 8944 

- 8942 

> 33.15 

- 8890 
Merest 13564 

Hfah Low Cfeee faftVoi 

6870 S&58 8897 2478 

89.08 8942 8997 297 

8044 8QSS 8038 205 

9942 35,33 88J* 122 

89.15 89.15 88.11 16 

8890 8890 8897 20 

Prevtoae ctajfe toad open Eraerest 25853 
9401 3336 94JB1 2259 

9390 9394 8349 3394 563 

93.71 33J5 9399 9375 204 

9340 9345 9398 934$ 100 

Previous day's total even merest 6104 
95-15 96-03 95-12 . 9&02 4111 

9+19 94-19 94-19 95-07 9 

NT — — 9+07 0 

Previous Ay's total open rawest 951 
95-50 9908 95-60 96-10 174 

NT — — 98-10 0 

NT — — — 0 

Preview deVs MM open Mere* 15B91 
109-14 110-17 10904 110-07 11201 

NT — — 170-10 0 

NT — — 110-10 0 

NT — — — 0 

PrevioQ s dty'a tool open interest Ml 2 
159.60 1B1J» 15930 15940 303 

NT — — 16280 0 


RrstOMiaga IwtOeaRngs Last Oectoredon ForSetoenent 

Octal Octal Jan 22 Feb 2 

Nw 3 Nov 14 Fob 5 Feb 18 

Nov 17 Nov 28 Feb 19 Mar 2 

Cteupttottwm Wren out on: 27/10/88 Poly Peck. Lyonder Patrotoun. Btoctaood 
Ho O y, N orcroes. FJXX Lfley, Thomas Locker, tnoco, Feryofirw* Group. A. Wafter, 
H Enmmer. Abaco Investments. Conroy Pea, LCP. Bnstct 01 8 Mnereto. Wtwn 
Crete. Amstrad Consigner D ear o n tes . JE Eng la n d. Systems Desgen. Sears. 



8% 1054 
13 1814 
21 23 

arise Nov Mar Jue Nov Mar Ja» 

200 35 42 46 114 314 9 

218 18 — — 2 — — 

236 9 — — 11 — — 

240 — 16 20 — 22 28 

255 3 — — 2S — — 

Series Nov Feb 

Tr 11%% 1991 
*E1 02) 

Tr 11%% 03/07 
rE 108 ) 

32 40 
15 24 

21 31 

11 22 
8 13 
3 8 

104 % % 

106 2% 4*a 
106 1% *'» 
110 214 

112 14 

114 r» 1»i* 

JP* % 1 1»» 

2*>« 1% 2 *’w 

Vh 2% 3% ■'.« 

5% 1>» «i. "w 
4% 2 3% »i* 

3% She 4% ■<» 

2’» 6% 7% 8% 

Storitag Max coreparad tetti 1975 wee dowt at 828 (deyto onge 97^-87 j). 


Argentina usual* 
Australia doflar __ 

Bahrein (knar 

Bread cruzado* _ 

41 6 

33 19 

22 38 

mend marks — 

Greece dra chma — 
Hong Kong ootar — 
Imfia rupee 


Kuwait drar KD 

Maleyito aotar 

Mexico peso - 
New Zealand doBar . 
Saudi Aratxa rival _ 
Singapore deter — 
South Alrica rend _ 

U AEdjrham 

•Lloyds Bank 








_ 108617-109903 









Denm ark 

west Germany _ 
Switzer lan d 

Netherlands — 
Fiance ■ 

Japa n— . 


Hong Kong 

Portugal — 



. 18330-1.3380 
. 2.1835-2.1845 
. 28225-28245 
. 0841+08421 
. 13870-13875 
. 7.4450-7.4500 
. 7.6800-7 8BS0 

— 4238-42.43 

— 14.40-14.42 

Cynics might say the ann- 
ouncement of FJC Liiley's 
£24 J million interim toss late 
on Friday and its restoration 
to listing "yesterday were care- 
folly timed. Most of the City 
was paying too much atten- 
tion to Big Bang to notice the 
group’s serious problems.^ 

Even those who took time 
to inquire further received 
short shrift The directors, 
perhaps worried about how 
the market would cope with 
the situation on this historic 
morning, refused to com- 
ment, believing that the in- 
terim statement provided 
adequate information. 

They are shutting the stable 
door a little late since the 
price has already Men from 
■ its 12-month peak of 91 p to 
31p yesterday- Over the last 
few weeks, the price has 
nearly halved. Indeed, at one 
stage, it touched !5p. reflect- 
ing market rumours that the 
receivers had been called in. 

The main problem is the 
United States, where Harri- 
son Western has been 
expanding too aggressively. 
The 1985 accounts showed 
significant increases in stocks 
and work in p ro gre s s, and in 
creditors, which were no 
doubt linked to the expansion 
of US operations. 

The extent of management 
changes in the US are not yet 
dear. Some are taking heart 
from the fret that a 530 
million loan facility is still in 
place. Others think that the 
hanks are putting on a brave 
face given that the loan was 
so recently arranged- 

The losses and provisions 
could also take into account 
problems in Algeria, Chile. 
Nigeria, Egypt, and Dubai. 

Accounting standards for 
contractors state that profits 
cannot be declared before 
work is completed and mon- 
ies received. Potential and 
actual losses must, however, 
be provided for as soon as 
they are identified. 

On the one hand, the worst 
possible situation is pre- 
sented to investors, while on 
the other there are opportu- 
nities to make subjective 
judgements when deckling 
the likely outcome of a 

The feet that Lilley has 
declared all its problems and 
provided for foreseeable fu- 
ture losses does not mean 
that it is track on the straight 
and narrow. Increased pres- 
sure will be put on the group; 

it might be hard to acquire 
bonding facilities, while 
suppliers and customers may 
now be nervous about enter- 
ing into new contract s. 

Substantial management 
changes are likely throughout 
the group. When these have 
been announced, a reassess- 
ment will be in older- How- 
ever, with gearing estimated 
at more than 1 00 per cent and 
possible working capital 
problems looming, it is hard 
to recommend the shares at 


Apex Group, the New Zea- 
land developer whose partial 
tender offer of 16Qp a share 
cash for Property Holding 
and Investment Trust closed 
yesterday, will make an 
announcement this morning 
about its intentions. 

generating cash fester than ft 
can invest it 

Its most recent diversifica- 
tion anempt wts not success* 
fol CompAtr was bought and 
sold in the spat* of a few 
years, leaving it with no net 

Meanwhile. IC Gas mined 
out on the North Si* OH 
boom. It may to ok like good 
fortune now ihat the oil puce 
has slumped, but die com* 
panv has been critkitfd for 
taking too cautious an ap- 

B> far the most difficult, 
asset to value is its bttfest, 
the bottled gassuppfierCator. 
faior’s ability to make 
money, always prodigious, 
has positively exploded as the 
oil price has come down 
faster than Calor has reduced 
its sales prices, in advantage 
which may not hat. 

Profits are benefiting from 
raiionalieaiion and from two 

_ . .. i4 . . lauunaiwiiKiii iiw 

S .^ 0U KM 

Artrart nva bids TOT US A. 

attract rival bids for its 
freehold property assets 
pushing its share price to a 
premium above net asset 
value which was last stated in 
the balance sheet at 15Sp a 

But such is the pressure to 
use highly-rated paper to buy 
assets that Phit shareholders 
who helped the company 
fight off a £109 million bid 
from Greycoat Group re- 
cently, are seeing rival offers 
on the table above die stated 
asset value. 

The Chase Corporation, 
part of New Zealand *s third 
largest company, cleverty 
bought 63.1 per cent of 
Wingate Property Invest- 
ments. a trading company. 

Chase aims to win Phil by 
tempting shareholders with 
the chance to acquire highly- 
rated Wingate paper, trading 
at three limes asset value. 
And there is the underwritten 
cash offer of 16$p a share. 

The Phil situation encap- 
sulates the fete of property 
investment companies being 
bought for their assets via 
expensive paper. And it high- 
lights the trend towards the 
internationalization of prop- 
erty equities. 


As an energy company. Im- 
perial Continental Gas has 
rather a low profile. Its basic 
business problem is one that 
many firms will envy - it is 

when it is cheap to meet peak 
winter demand. 

Consequently, Odor could 
make £37 million after tax 
this vtar compared with £24 
million Iasi year. On an 1 1 
times multiple, Calor would 
be worth more than £400 

!C Gas’s other assets are a 
collection of mainly quoted 
investments in Belgian gas 
and electricity utilities ana a 
7.21 per cent interest in 
Feirofina. These are also 
worth about £400 million. 

Allow lnr some tax on 
disposal of the Belgian in* 
tercsis. add on the residual 
value in the balance shed and 
adjust for the convertible. A . 
few shakes of the calculator : 
will produce an asset value of ; 
about SSOp. compared with 
Gulf Resources* offer of 530p 
fully diluted 

The chief value of 1C Gas 
to a bidder is in Calor. Calor 
is a mature business in 
Britain but it coukl be ex- 
panded overseas. Alternat- 
ively. it could be regarded asa 
mammoth cash machine, 
paying British taxes, and an 
ideal springboard from which 
to make further acquisitions. 

For strategic reasons, KT 
Gas may be worth mote than 
the apparent asset value. The 
market believes that it is 
worth more to somebody. 
The shares were up bp yes- 
terday to 574p. well out of 
reach of Gulf Resources' 

i«2Z.19B6. TatM contact* 18033. Cite 12060. Pots 5973. *U«todytofl sscurtty pita. 

i sappted by Bafctoya 8 m* HOFEX and Extol. 

Rothschilds International 
Money Funds 

The efficient alternative to a deposit 
a/ccount in any major currency . 

I For further information and the current prospectuses, 
please coapplete and return this coupon to: Robin Fuller. 

| N M Rothschild Asset Management (CL) Limited, 

I P.O. Box 342, St. Julian's Court, Sl Peter Port, Guernsey, 
^ Channel' Islands. Telephone: Guernsey (0481) 26741. 

1 Name ' 

| Address 




The money markets stayed changed. Local authorities 
subdued throughout Rates at rarely showed any interest, 
the short end showed a slightly b*m Rstn % 
easier inclination because aewngBartaii 
money was cheap, but the ^ nane8H ouMl ° 

and gS5S,l!SS!fS? 

beyond were virtually un- waakfiisa-Io% 

Lloyds Bank 


Trwsvy BBs (Discount %) 

!SH Ifl'** ImnX Upt M 

3 mntti 10% 3raMft 10 % 

Pitae Bank BBs (Dlacant%| 

1 nteti 10%-KRn 2 truth 
3mrth 10%-10”n 8mmh 10%-10K 
Trad* BBs (Discount %) 

1 mnft 11% 2 mnlh 1T 7 «* 

3mrth 11% 

Bmnth n% 

Ovemi^ie open 10X ctoM 7 
iweek m-10% 6mnth liV-11% 
imrth n-10% 9mmu ns*-iiJ„ 

3mmh in^-11% i2mtti 1l»i«-li» M 

Local Authority Dspotea (%) 

2 days 10% 7 days 70% 

Imnth 10»w 3mnth 11* 

6mmh 11 12ntti 11'ia 

Swire Pacific Limited 

Interim Dividends for 1986 

By the closing date of 20th October 1986 for the 
lodgment of election forms In Hong Kong and in London, 
elections for cash dividends had been, received from the 
holders of 501 , 03 , 891 ‘A’ shares and 616.396.714 B‘ 
shares. Accordingly, »be following new shares ha/e been 
allotted to shareholders in respect of the interim divi- 
dends for 198S to be satisfied by the issue of scrip: 

*A’ shares 
'B* shares 

Number of 
new shares 

of existing 
shares in issue 

Certificates for the new *A' and ‘B’ shares, together 
with dividend warrants forthe minimum cash dividends of 
1 .Ocjrer ‘A* shape and (L2c per ‘B’ share and- for the other 
cash dividends ;for which elections were received, will be 
despatched to -shareholders on 31st October 19®; The 
Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited has granted per- 
mission for the shares to be listed and dealt in from that 

By Order of the Board 

Hong Kong 
23th October. 1986 

j 1 “|Jiwiiefeci£ic limited 

I 1 1 lire Swire Group 

S*«we H&sse, Haag Koog. 

With effect from Saturday, 

I November 1986,our Home 
Loan Rate will be increased from 

II per cent p.a. to 12.3 per cent 
p.a, APR 13.1 per cent.* 

“The APR shown is ijrpical of bus for ZS yeast. 

You rouse be 18 or oner no apply. Wmren derails available on request. 
Security required. Rase of interest may vaiy. 

Local Authority Bonds (%) 

Imnth 11J4-11X 2mnth 11 %-llit 
3mnm 11%-11% 6 ninth 11%-IIX 
9mnth 11%-11X 12mth 1 1K-11 X 
StoiBog CDs (%1 

imnth 10*«-10 a iB3mnth H’w-II'm 
S mnth IISm-II'w I2mtb 11 IM 1 

imnft 585-580. 3 rantti 585-580 
6mnth 585-580 12 mth 685-680 


7 days 5«-5Bta 
3 moth 5SY. 

7 days 4*it-4 T « 
3mnth 4 *w-4 7 m 
French Fmnc 
7 day# 7)4-7% 

3 mntti IV7 n te 
7 days 6 *w8*m 
3 mnth 4 * »r4’n 

7 days 5)4-5 
Smnth 554-5 

i 68% 

I 6 1 «-5 1 *™ 

I 4*m-47 u 

I 4%-4% 

I 7"»-7*u 
I 8%-8K 
l 3S-354 

I 4>i*4>u 
i 4>*ie-»,i 
i 5 , t*4®n 



Oo*±S41 0.75-4 1 1 85 

Krugwrand* tosr coin): 

S «77(XM1 080 (E289JXK291 2S) 


Lloyds Bank Pit 71 Lombard Street. London EOP.*B5. 

S 96809780 (£888 



Read Rato Storing Export Finance 
Schema tv Average reference rate for 
httratt parted Septomfser a 1988 to 
October 7. 1386 inclusive: 10355 per 

Mortgage Rate 

With effect from 27th October, 1986 
for new borrowers, and from 1st November 
for existing borrowers, 
the NatWest Mortgage Rate 

from 11.00% p.a to 12.25% p il 

& National Westminster Home Loans Limited 

41 Lothbury, London EC2P 2BR 

The B running Group: Mr 
Tony Bond has been made 
finance director. 

JH Minet Mr Frank 
Sanderson becomes an exec- 
utive director. Lord John 
Wellesley is made managing 
director. North American Ma- 
rine Division. 

Combined Lease Finance: 
Mr Anthony N Sim kin be- 
comes finance director. 

Grenco Refrigeration Ser- 
vices: Mr Brian Cox has been 
made sales director. 

Lloyds Bank Stockbrokers: 
Mr Peter Minchin is made 
managing director. 

Landor Associates: Mr Vin- 
cent Carra becomes creative 
director, Europe. 

ASDA-MFI Group: Sr 
Godfrey Messerry and Mr 
Kenneth Morton become non- 
executive directors from Nov- 
ember 1. 

The Mooreale Group, Inc 
Mrs Joanne Rypp-Firstenberg 
becomes president and chief 
executive officer. 

Crombie Eustace: Mr Steve 
Jones becomes commercial 

Jardine Group Insurance 
Services: Mr John Hastings- 
Bass is maria managing direc- 
tor from November 1. Mr 
Martin Wakeley becomes 

phair man 

Bradstock, Blunt & 
Crawley: Mr David C 
Huntingdon has been marit» a 
managing director. 

Inbucon Management 
Consultants: Mr Adam 
Charnand becomes director, 
financial sector. 

Finanglia Ferries Ltd: Mr 
John Ashley becomes deputy 
managing director. 

Tiphook: Mr J Kenneth 
Dick has been made a non- 
executive director. 

Holmen Chemicals: Mr 
M J MacMahon becomes 
managing director and joins 
the board. 

John Fowler & Partners: Mr 
Sean Kennedy and Mr John 
Fowler become joint manag- 
ing directors. 

TSB Trust Company: Mr 
David Corsan has been made a 
non-executive director. 


Dixons Group: Mr Danny 
Churchill becomes purchasing 
director. Mr Bob Gavaghaa 
joins as commercial director. 
Financial Services. Mr Mal- 
colm Sevren is made market- 
ing director. Financial 
Services. Mr Malcolm Aides 
becomes marketing director. 
Colour Laboratories. Mr 
Keith Hendron joins as spares 
director, Mastercare. 

CoveU Matthew Wheatley 
Architects: Mr Clive 
Blackman joins the board as 
commerical director and Mr 
Tony Lorenz as a non-exec- 
utive director. 

Rossmore Warwick: Mr 
Roger Dalby becomes a 

BET: Mr Brian Thompson 
Joins the board from Novem- 

Dwyer & Co: Mr Martin 
Silverman joins the board as 
group finance director. 

Swan National: Mr Stephen 
Bogjra becomes group finan- 
cial director and a director of 
subsidiaries Swan National 
Rentals, Swan National Leas- 
ing, and Stardust & Cameloi 

Bischoff & Co: Mr Andrew 
Evans will become a partner 
from November 1. 

Prowling Holdings: Mr Bob 
Templeman is made financial 

Liberty Life Assurance 
Company: Mr C G Erwin is 
appointed investment direc- 

Slough Estates: Mr Peter H 
Johnston becomes executive 
director of UK Property 

Jardine Insurance Agency: 
Mr Htdeo Ohtsnka takes over 
as vice-president, Japan. 

BTP: Mr J H B Ketteley 
becomes deputy chairman and 
Mr BJ Mcddings is made 
finance director. 

Goldsmith Group: Mr 
Charles WOliams is appointed 
deputy managing director of 
Heritage Hotels. Mr Bill 
Wood joins the board as 
operations director of Her- 
itage Hotels. 

Cambridge Life "Sciences: 
Dr Arnold Worlock is pro- 
moted to non-executive direc- 

Joynson- Hicks: Miss Sarah 
Fanlder and Mr Graham 
Briggs will become partners 
from November 1. 

Michael Peters Retail: Mr 
B3i Carden-Horton is made 
associate director. 



ABN 11.00% 

Adam & Company 11.00% 

BCQ 11.00% 

Citibank Swingsf 10.95% 

ConsoEdatod Crds 11 . 00 % 

Co-operative Bank 11.00% 

C. Hoare & Co 11 . 00 % 

Hong Kong & Shanghai ___1 1.00% 

Lloyds Bank 11 . 00 % 

Nat Westminster 11.00% 

Royal Bank of Scotland 11.00% 

TSB 11.00% 

Citibank NA_ 11 . 00 % 

1 Mortpeje Base Rate. 

Europe’s Most 
General Management 

Spring 1987 for 10 weeks. 

Tbreeerowjenced managers who come to London from all over 
the world share a common purpose. They have been identified as 
having senior management potential in their enterpriser and 
require access to the full range of management skills and 
techniques to fulfil that promise. 

The London Programme covers financial, marketing 
organisational and planning skills m depth, but uniquely shows 
how they can be effectively used together in the decision making 
process. Many of the men and women who have attended the 
forty two London Progammes that we have run now occupy 
senior positions m their organisations. Entry standards are high 
linuted raster of places avadahle. For further 
details fill in the coupon below or telephone or telex the 
Programme Registrar. Geraldine Jackson. 

The London Programme. 

26 Ann! to 3 Xfo 1987: Course fee, inclusive of residence- jn 300 
Bropamme Director Patnck Barwise 

'kxKXar, b* 4 Oct*® to ] | D*****, 

Please send me further debits on^ The London Programme 

Company name— 

London Programme, London Business School Sussex Place Remfc p«k 
LonflonNWl 4SA Telephone 01-262 5050. TricV^UBS hOxG 






AY OCTOBER 28 1986 



WWsr ah 

rnmm « fl 

fcillfct pKwmt* w 
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MW' ks win Pfut K 
*tM>W#iiii>rH *M{?* 
k» Xeqvxt V tayfttv 


Firm start to account 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began yesterday. Dealings end November 7. §Contango day November 10. Settlement day November 1 7. 

§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

Where stocks have only one price quoted (the (Mta stocks), these ere middle prices 

-<SM- • 

© Tima Newspapers Uwtari 



Claims required for / 
+36 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 

E B ! nffi n i g **v ggggg 

Paper. Priming 

Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend of £8JXM in 
Saturday's newspaper. 


110 US +5 

HI 1 * 

m EGO » . 

4SB (12 *4 

4ffl 467 +1 

a • . 

so sao *1 

m m -3 

« a 

ITS 177 .*5 

» .« • * 

SU 220 4 

an as *i 

M 75%. - +1 

*30 SOG -K 
Sir. 530 *4 

* 4» 4 

n u . -i 

SEE 375 +| 

in n 42 

SIS 322 -4 

30 367 «t4 
a m 4i 
496 8K +1 

5iEr fc i«i* 

2ZS 149 Do 7%» Q*F 204 Z07 41 .. 

W 21 CetaiW 130 05 39 

30 2» Cray Bat 337 3*1 

I’ssns is r 

IBB HO Dnm m 145 

S5 29 Dmnnt 30 33 

52 26 Da K 24 27 

3G5 262 Do mtm 305 313 

» 37 DM** 6 HU 41 43 

213 120 OMfiar 123 VS 

m 360 S ejuuHMO M B 372 3fe 
as 46 BatatMC UKll 57 n 
68 43 BMflK MM 52 53 

337 237 Enssimo 275 212 
360 255 Ewttaeo 257 262 

253 147 FHHlBKt 152 - 

156 BZ tea* 66 66 

51 H FnM Tott 45 48 

226 T56 BEG IS* 166 

in n taw 03 137 
1M 79 HMM Efcfl 77 80 
M3 45 K 65 70 

356 225 U 9p>4l & Coitn4230 fe 
255 175 Jcwanri ?>S 2Z3 

S as node 210 an 

220 Lk Migrate 205 zra 

229 V* Lni 200 205 

*21 210 HKEM 39 357 

m 126 llno4 192 197 

433 115 Mbhk 210 213 

63 511<McnB5 60 65 

250 SO Won Foot 100 110 
420 305 McragM 305 305 

JH 3% 3% 

56 33 IUKdbEM 35 40 

G5 39 tkraf BKt 48 51 
313 236 lUawt (Locrt| 250 26S 
106*1 74 HB 77 77% 

40 T3 fcmtm C H 

S60 363 abort Mlnnrtt 513 515 
ise J» M Wamnni 153 155 
32 IS HOI 21 ’1 224 

U4V114 Ptapt fis 5%% 115 117 

i7*i 13 Mh Imp* a/v 101% . . 
Ml ISO PHco 235 24 

190 120 DB-«‘l2tVWn|]li» (GO 

2*6 16? Ptascv 174 178 

24% 15% "poMR 25 18 ■ 

19 1H Pitxne E» 133 

50 22 OBUAamHai 55 65 
234 146 Rani Ben 164 19 
Sts 445 SOMeMpq SIS - 
54 30 -iSmm DAnta 37 9 

19 9 SIC 148 146 

21G 142 SUM M MS 140 

134 44 Snao Damn so 52 
18% I2HTW 18% - 

29 170 Ittvkm Ratta 102 IK 

123 x Team* « 42 

529 374 Tkam EM 49 457 
an 225 Tnaa 260 290 

350 135 UB 336 338 

273 UO UMKb T72 173 

205 126 1 MLakg UO 155 
190 118 UM 558c 140 U3 

515 320 V6MHW 430 435 
323 225 Mta 243 246 

ttffl 50 nwltm 73 76 
103 73 wnam Bad 78 82 
310 230 WMuta Hu 255 2B5 
IK 66 MUM (Hany) 170 175 

mo 49 T25 
4DB 4T0 -8 164 40 1ST 

29 BBS +6 11.1 42 122 

m m +1*1 ivi <2 i2i 

i 222 225 +1 1M « M 

I 0 530 533 +1 127 24 MM 

m 290 _ m* 3£ iis 

mam » s? 

ii 2M Se 

Mta 447 446 
taSrt* 415 425 

154 - 

™ I? 
5. S? 3 

AOtadMZSO 2E0 

Re. |%a 

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StaM W - 2? 


* % ? 

us si cam. Onu iso iH 

124 84 OwIGumH 117 120 

137 72 DmttatRlQ UB 120 

no. 9 &5i 19 HO 

511 75 « BZ 87 

71 54 Do 'A' 66 9 

172 51 NenMHn HB 122 

n 51 FHuGp 72 77 

»3 m -MM 87 m 

140 106 GHs A Body Otfl35 H5 

3K S4 BMW PUT 326 333 

143 86 HAT M2 - 

347 56 tafctiBv 330 544 

29 196 UMun 210 212 

78 42 HMtaKur U 61 

244 1*4 nw-OXt WMu* 19 187 

643 428 UostBW 570 - • 

45 294HMHdStu 44 4B 

196 126 teat* John* Tffi in 

4S0 265 Jaw U) A SOW 420 440 

49- 296 Lwg p) 3*6 30 

464 266 OB V . 3ffi 347 

118 n Liamci iflWta) B4 85 

PS IS UfcJ |FJQ * 32 

429 290 LomS (VJ] sm m 

196 12B Uwh A Soft W2 VH 

330 178 IMn 323 SB 

135 Hti Matey 113% IMS 

210 wi Mama (mm) on ns 

151 » Hta A Hum 13B 1Q> 

448 304 lUiMlftM) 336 360 

HM 226 McCaBv IS 2® SIS 

m 171 ItaulH ZB. 233 

42 23 WSsmatif) 36 41 

154 119 Hmk (B) 151 154 

m 3SS EiswUn (Jotat 340 - 

920 79 NmW » 610 

213 163 JMtatanM* 137 202 

248 115 Pnom 213 216 

I'M 74 FSsesii Ttatar • 3 ft 

305 265 Poem 365 39 

aea 440 nuc 622 634 

482 3*0 MM 301 - 

323 in Mm m w 

191 i33%noBr enm tss 19% 

M2 67 Sw A War >16 122 ' 

m to smii) : r m 

518 342 .Tuac . 4SB 422 

S4S 236Y1MH waoOmr . zts - zra 

W 136 T*n Bmp US 1B2 

<1% 210 Tiufe i kuM 207 212 

m 75 tm no. m 

186 136 Itnfl 172 174 

3n 105 WnWt 320 - 

293 248 WM m 2S5 

ioi 9 wmmam n m 

204 172 WtaUBWl 114 168 

86 B7 man Bna 77 82 

157 41 Wtata IK UB 

290 167 wBm (CHMM 235 236 

225 ia wpnrtsnm itb 177 


m-3 na S3 iu 
+1 94 U 05 
+1 0.1* 02 U 

-1 7.1 34 143 

+2% tU U 182 
+6 M2 24 1S2 

• +a tin 8.1 144 

•-1 0.4 L9 42 

f . 107 49 85 

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429 263 UVrMBps 
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714 12* EqnoM 19 162 

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358 390 A90CMMMW 

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183 97 Boris {toad 
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1 26 





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Edited by Matthew May 


Too few staff- too little training 

Schnoiogv S^ P ? naftl conlrib V lions ^ai new 
automated abSiofri° «!!! way J2£i ife ,s 10 P rovide 
comment com « L {■ »"«*«>"*." The 
imroduction to jh^ ^ Ir lan in the 
shortage in informal Shn^. 0 ”. ** . 

serSwr^hM? K PUb H ish ^ d ,(H,a y » based on a 
(Pitcomi b '- lh i e Par,,ame niary IT Comities 
resource 3 fo d sin S| es out the misallocation of 
somelSL. pai ? ,cular criticism. They occur 
scale. mCS ‘ S3ys lhe re P° n * on an awe-inspiring - 

ve\ , s j and S r^» , \ now a hu£e pUe of different sur- 
corTimerHaP 0 ^ 8 by 8 ° vernment ' professional, and 
disnSSS Li >r P n,zal!ons - a» Pointing to some 
Between 8 S ploye ? enl L rends in *«“ Processing, 
S C" they highlight extreme staW 

. unscrupulous recruitment tactics, a 

COnSlanilv shift mo umrlr Awm j.-u.: r. 

?SStmS. 5hl ^ ,n 4? WOrk force * depletion of tiding 
cor^lS ! n ^ all °nary- salary spirals an3 
complications in employment legaliu’es. 


By Eddie Conifer 

ar P 1 ? 1 iE? in l. er L K> ^ Problem is the generally 
acknowledged shortage of staff There are said to be 
J5JS2 j5 -t®0 vacant jobs in the daia-processing 
market and no suitable peopre to fin them. Yet one 
survey shows that two-thirds of all information- 
tecnnolog/ users do not employ trainees. Unlike 
many trades and professions, the needs for skills in 
tne computer industry is a continuing requirement. 
** demands regular annual training in new 
techniques and methodologies. 

Yet it appears' from another report that half of the 
stair employed in UK data-processing jobs have 
received no training whatsoever in the last year. 
This inevitably places them at a disadvantage to 
their contemporaries in other companies, so it is 
natural that they seek experience-gaining jobs 

Where training is given and companies addition- 
ally invest in. for example, advanced software- 

a good 

Computers have a reputation 
as machines which rarely 
break down — but if you ask 
anyone who has ever suffered 
from a hard-disc failure or 
power-supply cooling fan 
breakdown, you will fmd the 
technology's halo severely tar- 

Unfortunately, the’ pace of 
change in the end of the 


By Geof Wheelwright 

computer industry most prone 
to breakdo wns (sim ply he- 
canse of the larger number of 
moving parts) has been such 
that it is difficult to get 
qualified people to do . the 
maintenance work. 

Thauat least, is the experi- 
ence of Sysmatic, a new na- 
tional third-party maintenanre 
company launched earlier this 
month. Tom Dalzell, chairman . 
of Sysmatic's parent company 
Sintrom, says that the need for 
maintenance is one of the 
dark-horse issues in the com- 
puter industry. 

He adds: “We have discov- 
ered over the years that 
mechanics give more trouble 
than electronics. Users have 
been very exposed with the 
mechanics of computer 
peri pherals._ People are often 
surprised with the amount of 
service that they really need; 
they expect more reliability 

Philip Virgo: Acute problems 

design tools for staff use. the experienced 
anaiyst/programmers — where demand is expected 
to increase by more than 30 percent in the five-year 
period to 1990 - and others are able to demand 
higher salaries for their advanced skills. 

There is already, say the reports, an overall 10 per 
cent shortage in development staff higher in 
specific business sectors which are in expansion 
periods — such as the banks and fi nancial markets 
fuelled by Big Bang. 

Skills ensure high productivity, so it is no 
surprise that salaries of data -processing banking 
staff jn sharp contrast to many other areas of 
computing,have risen by 25 per cent in the last 
year. The shortages of certain specialists has led to 
the additional problems problems of poaching and 
job-hoppingThis is demonstrated by recent figures 
claiming that 42 percent of DP personnel stay with 
the same employer for only two years. 

“The whole recruitment problem in data 
processing is exceedingly serious,” says Philip 
Virgo, chief executive of IT Strategy Services, who 
specialise in strategic planning for IT and DP staff. 
“It is a problem which has been with us for over 20 
years, but now it is becoming acute.” 

Mr Virgo recently came across another disturb- 
ing survey which claims that average annual DP 
staff turnover, already running at 25 per cent in 

People expect more reliability than technology can produce 

than the technology can 

Sysmatic's newly appointed 
general manager, Adimm AT 
Falah, says that this problem 
is only now becoming apparent 
and that maintenance - com- 
panies are scrambling for 
qualified employees. “One of 
the major obstacles to expan- 
sion is finding trained 
peop!e,”he says. “There is a 
sbonage of trained people at 
the bottom end of die market. 
We're hoping to tackle that by 
getting trainees in and giving 
them on-the-job expertise.” 

Peripheral ' manufacturers, 
realizing that properly trained 
service people can help to 
enhance the reputation and 
reliability of their products. 

are offering training courses to 
employees of thM party 
maintenance companies. This 
is crucial particularly in the 
area of hard-disc storage- 
device manufacture, where 
new products have been in- 
troduced recently at such a 
rate that it is difficult to keep 
people properly trained. 

Mr Al-Falah says: “Product 
life has shrunk. The timescale 
on getting the expertise is also 
sh rinking. ” 

The major effect of this new 
product development will he 
that the days of the all- 
rounder computer repair per- 
son are likely to disappear. 

Maintenance organizations 
will deed to have a technical- 
support team that specializes 
in a range of products. Some of 

1985. has risen to' an astonishing 40 per cent in 

1986. He says: "Such staff movement makes it 
extremely difficult for.employers to plan projects 
properly. It does, however, encourage wider use of 
software packages and complete bolt-on systems. 

-Another answer is poaching. One recently 
reported instance involved a small bank's entire 
specialist money-market computer staff defecting 
to another bank, where the head of data processing 
had shortly before been in charge of the first bank's 

There is little 'it seems that employers can do 
about the poaching problem. Eric Suter, a 
consultant on labour law and industrial relations, 
says: “Unless a company can prove inducement to 
breach of contract - and that does not apply if an 
employee gives proper notice — there is nothing 
firms can do about tJhe situation.” 

Invariably the law comes down in favour of the 
employee unless contracts have been carefully 
worded and are not considered an unreasonable 
restriction on an employees ability to get another 
job. The legal issues surrounding such aspects of 
computer industry employment are complex, as are 
many other aspects of Information Technology and 
the Law — a new book designed for DP and 
information systems staff 

Apart from - specifically covering employee- 
employer relationships, the book outlines the 
various aspects, of legality which may affect 
employees (copyright, patents, contracts, and fraud 
as well as data protection, telecommunications 
regulations, and insurance). With high levels of 
staff turnover and the recruitment costs, estimated 
at £3,000 a head on average, some companies claim 
it is hand to find the money for training, especially if 
staff are not going to stay beyond two years. But 
gaining additional skills is often riled as a reason 
for staff moving. 

The Pitcom Proceedings on IT Skills Shortages is 
available from 2 Eastbourne Avenue, Acton , - 
London W3 6JN; price £25 
Information Technology And Law, by Chris 
Edwards and Nigel Savage is published by Globe 
Books Services, a division of Macmillan Publishers 
(ISBN 0 333 41393 8); £35. 

Hold on 

By Calvin Sims 
The US government has as- 
signed prices for computer 
chips made by Japanese semi- 
conductor manufacturers that 
analysts in the US say are 
substantially lower than cur- 
rent minim un export prices 
for computer chips. 

The official prices, known ; 
as fair market values, are 
released only to the Japanese 
companies, which can sell 
chips at or above assigned 
prices but not below. 

Analysts said that mini- 
mum prices for 256K 
DRAMs, or dynamic random 
access memory chips, which 
now range from about _$4 to 
$8, were lowered to a range of 
between J230 and $4 while 
prices for EPROMs, or 
electronically programmable, 
read-only memory chips, were 
reduced by at least 20 percent. 

The prices are effective until 
the end of December. 

the team trill be com pater 
**GPs* who can treat most 
common computer ailments. 
They will probably handle | 
most low-cost contracts, such 
as maintaining personal 1 
computers, bat call in special- 
ists for the treatment of thorny 

Though users are getting 
more sophisticated and have 
less need of general purpose 
maintenance people, there are 
still a reasonable percentage 
of the problems that are what 1 
the industry decribes as “nser- 
induced” fa nits. Service 
organizations still, for exam- 
ple, come across people who 
have problems because drey 
unplug the compater’s mains 
switch to ping in a coffee pot 

buys into 

From Andrew Pollack 
in San Francisco 

Foyitsn, the giant Japanese 
electronics company, w3! boy 
a majority interest in 
Fairchild Semiconductor, a 
pioneering Silicon Valley com- ' 
pater-chip manufacturer now 
owned by Schlnmberger. 

Under an agreement in prin- 
ciple, Fqptsn will own 80 per 
cent of Fairchild and will make 
a ‘‘substantial equity 
investment” in the company. 
Fujitsu wiH combine Fairchild 
with its own American chip 
divisions and parts of its 
European operations. 

Schlnmberger will retain a 
20 percent stake. The price of 
the transaction was not dis- 
closed. But Schlnmberger said 
it expects to record a loss of 
about £140 million on the 
transaction in the fourth quar- 
ter of 1986, indicating that 
Fairchild was sold for less 
than book nine. 

The agreement represents 
yet another step in the 
progress of the Japanese over 
the depressed American semi- 
con duct or industry. 

In a somewhat similar area, 
Honeywell is discussing com- 
bining its computer operations 
with Japan's NEC and 
France's Boll Group. 

The Fairchild sale had been 
expected. Fairchild has 
consistently lost money and 
Schlnmberger can no longer 
afford to carry it since its main 
business, oil-well logging, is 
also ailin g because of the drop 
in energy prices. 

The chip industry has been 
plagued by surplus capacity 
and losses. Also, many ven- 
dors now offer to make cus- 
tomized chips, so a company 
can obtain chips tailored to its 
needs. without having to own 
its own semiconductor manu- 
facturing facilities. 

Last year the United Tech- 
nologies Corp- gave up on its 
Mostek unit and Honeywell 
sold off its Synertek semi- 
conductor company. Industry 
sources said tint many other 
diversified companies are 
looking to sell or reduce their 
semiconductor activities, 
including the General In- 
strument Corp, the General 
Electric Co_, Gould Inc_ and 
even the American Telephone 
and Telegraph. 

Analysts say the combina- 
tion with Fujitsu, which con- 
centrates on memory chips, 
will be good because the 
products complement one an- 
other and because each will 
gain access for its products to 
the other's market (AT 

Has America 
hijacked OSI? 

1CL is the first European 
company to join the Corpora- 
tion for Open Systems (COS), 
an American consortium of 50 
of the biggest computer 
suppliers and users, formed to 
make it- easier for different 
makes of computers to talk to 
each other. 

U is the latest move in a 
complex political and tech- 
nical struggle between Europe 
and the US for control of the 
standards to be built into the 
next generation of computers. 

Eight years ago the two 
international standards bodies 
for computers (ISO) and tele- 
communications (CCITT) 
agreed the outline of the Open 
Systems Interconnection 
(OSI) model for linking di& 
ferent computers. 

This model took the form of 
seven layers, from the lowest 
physical level, which deals 
with plug in connections to 
communication lines, through 
to the highest application 
layer, which handles the user's 
dialogue berween machines. 

It was very nearly still-born, 
because there was already a de 
facto standard on the market, 


By Richard Sarson 

i - - 

j IBM’s System Network 
Architecture (SNA), progres- 
sively being adopted by the big 
corporations all over the 

As a result. Sperry, 
Honeywell and Burroughs in 
America and I CL. Siemens 
and Nixdorf in Europe were in 
danger of losing some of their 
bigger customers, who wanted 
to join the SNA bandwagon. 

1CL was the first to lake 
action. In 1983. it persuaded 
1 1 other European computer 
and telecoms vendors to form 
the Standards Promotion and 
Application Group (SPAG), 
to promote Lhe OSI standard, 
and ensure that tbeir pieces of 
equipment would be able to 
talk io each other. 

The companies persuaded 
their governments to insist on 
OSI compatibility, for all pub- 
lic-sector tendering. The next 
stage was to lest whether 
machines from different ven- 
dors conform to OSI stan- 

There was a lot of urgency 
about .this, because if the 
equipment from different ven- 
dors are not seen to work 
together users will lose pa-« 
tience, and revert to IBM’s 

The testers in this country' 
are the National Computing 
Centre in Manchester and The 
Networking Centre at Hemel 
Hempstead. Both of these 

testing centres were pump- 
primed very' generously by the 
Government, which has al- 
ways recognized the strategic 
importance of OSI. 

The NCC has been doing 
conformance testing since. 
1982. and has a reputation', 
unequalled on either side of 
the Atlantic. At this stage.the 
Europeans held the initiative 
on OSI. 

Earlier this month in Brus- 
sels. SPAG Services was. 
launched by eight major Euro-' 
pean computer companies 
including ICL to be another 
test centre. 

However, the Americans 
have not being standing still. 
In January they formed the 
Corporation of Open Systems. - 
It is funded to the tuneofS13 
million against SPAG 
Services' $2.4 million and has 
50 members, including ail the 
leading players. 

Among them is IBM. which 
has itself become a late con- 
vert to the ideal of open 
systems, and is providing a 
gale way from SNA to OSL It. 
too has set up a conformance 
testing centre in France. 

Already, the European ini- 
tiatives 5o?m puny. However, 
in terms of skills, Europe still . 
has the edge, and it was in 
recognition of this that COS 
has taken on lan Davidson of 
the NCC, as its technical 

COS will also be going out 
to the open market for its 
conformance testing tools, 
and these are likely to come 
from Europe, particularly 

In the last weeks, there have 
been meetings between SPAG 
and COS. ICL has joined COS 
as a fully paid-up research; 
member, with the maximum 
votes, and SPAG Services has 
agreed to accept a COS staff 
member on its technical 

Ail this means that there 
will be no Atlantic split in the 
development of OSI stan- 
dards. with Europe developing 
one dialect of OSI and Amer- 
ica another. Most of the 
tedinology and skills will be 

Bui the voting power will 
pass to the Americans, and so 
will the ownership of the 
testing tools. Because testing is 
so complex, Jamesde Raeve of 
the Networking centre be- 
lieves that whoever owns the 
testing tools controls the 

Perhaps ICL, by joining 
COS, has conceded that if you 
cannot beat them join them. 
The question now is whether 
ICL’s European partners in 
SPAG will follow' suit. 

PwrtherCE-550 - £300 

te&f ppy- if you want a feature-rich,t 

machine from a l 

P«%ree^upp/fe r. I 

UK tries for multi-user lead 

A multinational battle for. 
supremacy in the multi-user 
micro and minicomputer 
operating system business is 
brewing and UK is this week 
irying for the top spot, writes 
Geof Wheelwright. 

Companies that produce 
multi-user operating systems 
for microcomputers — which 
allow several peqple to share a 
main computer' processor or 
computer add-ons — have for 
most of their lives operated 
pretty much in the wilderness. 
Most data-processing man- 
agers have so far refused to 
believe that true multi-user 
systems can take the place of 
large micros and small mini- 

But the advent of new and 
powerful microcomputer 
processors, such as Intel's 

80386 and Motorola’s 68030. 
could change lhaL The claim 
is that multi-user computing 
can be achieved via beefed-up 
desktop microcomputers. 

The problem now is that 
most of the existing multi-user 
operating systems started life 
on minicomputers— and have 

( software ) 

not necessarily adapted well to 
the constraints of life on a - 
raicrocomputer. And micro- 
computer operating systems, 
the most important of which is 
Microsoft's MS-DOS. have 
not yei been fully adapted to 
lake advantage of .the full 
power of a muiii-user system. 

But while Microsoft, Digital 
Research and other micro 

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computer operating system 
houses fight to get their own 
versions of multi-user in some 
sort of order, firms with 
traditional minicomputer 
multi-user backgrounds are 
hoping to improve their 
reputations in the personal 
computer PC arena and steal 
the thunder of PC-systems 

Leading players include Bed 
Labs' Unix (owned by 
AT&T). Pick and the British- 
produced BOS (Business 
Operating System). 

The battle lines being drawn 
up are blurred by some in- 
distinct strategic alliances, 
such as Microsoft's support of 
its Unix-like Xenix qperating 
system anhe same time as it 
works on the planned multi- 
user version of MS-DOS. 
London-based BOS Software 
organized a debate about the 
efficiency of BOS versus Unix 
last week, which it sees as its 
leading competitor. 

- BOSTs managing director. 
John Johnson, said last week 
that the move was necessary 

to counter ail the fuss being 
made over competitors Unix 
and Pick — and to prevent the 
problems that afi-too-often 
overwhelm companies with 
too much traditional British 

*We're finding the need now 
to come out of a corner and 
fight for our place in the 
market,' he said. “And a show 
is the right sort of vehicle for 
promoting a multi-user 
operating system.” 

Mr Johnson' considers lhe 
liming of the show good, being 
just at the point when many 
users are beginning to under- 
stand that, multi-user systems 
really can run effectively on 

Mr Johnson also said that 
be expected more competition 
in lhe near -future as single- 
user operating system produc- 
ers realized how quickly the 
market demand will shift from 
single-user to multi-user I 
operating systems. 

He added: “If our business 
was based on selling single- 
user software. I’d be very, very 
worried.” ■ 

. Beg buy* if ' you ' ward a '.;«???'■ W& 
compact^™*®* ed&abte merrit^.4*^.- .. ‘ 
plaji^n using it fop neatri^r. ; \= 



• •’ ReSf huy ■ 

B&st repie'+a ■ heavy duty user 

vmnting: ^dvanced ^et editing facilities 
and a futi complement of features. 



Rcpfcscanam *nH be toflansaa 

• The Amund F&512 ' 

m NenmtBiHdtbe Atound - 

• Comnuma*>M« 

• Software - lhe k>* «** program • 
■bundkif UyAmsuad 

• UpgENfcft- mctadiDf -W.Mb tart) dokr 


• Mwember 3rd 1986 

♦ 2h»6pn refr rthuvu s 

» The Super Room 

The UTinbrwd Brewery 



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IBM PC, 20MB £1295! 

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printer adaptor, Basic & Guide to Ops, complete 
with T and on 20MB hard disk & controller. IBM 
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PC configurations from £600. IBM' AT/E 20MB,' 
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Buying a Brother typewriter 
is highly recommended. 

Recently Britain’s only consumer report on business equipment and services - 
What to Buy for business’ - tested 178 office typewriters. 

They examined prices, features and running costs and shortlisted twelve Best 
Buys. No less than five of them were Brothers. Hadn’t you better buy one? 


— - ) ) 1 

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!Pail 1 ?. iff tnniri **=»i 





There are only three days left 
to enter the 1986 UK Com- 
puter Press Awards jointly 
sponsored by The Times and 

Friday is the deadline for 
this third year of the series of 
awards designed to encourage 
high standards in a sector of 
publishing with more than 200 
publications. Already there 
has been a steady stream of 

The awards are based on 
articles, publications, pictures 
or programmes printed or 
broadcast between November 
1. 1985. and October 
3l.l986.There are eight 

• Computer Journal: 

• Computer Journalist 


•Computer Journalist 

•Computer Columnist: 
•Computer Photographer; 
•Best-designed Journal: 

• Technology Programmme; 

• Computer Personality; 
This last award will be made 

as a result of the nominations 
of the award entrants. The 
winners will be announced at 
an awards dinner at Claridge's 
on November 26. 

Entry' forms and a copy of 
the rules can be obtained from 
Horsley Associates.Capital 
House. 20-22 Craven Road. 
London W2 3PX 

Programming yourself 
to make more money 

Stsphon Jonnaon 

Since the dawn of the com- 
puter age it has been almost a 
truism that anyone in comput- 
ers is making a small, if not 
large, fortune. But. like many 
truisms, this particular one 
happens to be untrue. 

Like the oil industry, in 
which everyone is assumed to 
be in the Dallas tax bracket, 
the computer industry still has 
its fair share of ordinary 
mortals . . . making a living, 
possibly a decent living, but 
not coining iL 

Chief among these must be 
the programmers and analysts 
— now often with a variety of 
job titles — who produce the 
goods. Without programmers 
you have no software. And 
without software your hard- 
ware just sits there doing 

So why is it that some 
programmers don't make a 
fortune? Or, to be more pre- 
cise. why is it that some 
programmers don't make a 
fortune? For the fact remains 
that some of them do very 
nicely indeed, thank you, 
whereas the income of others 
more closely resembles the 
national average wage? 

Obviously, there are several 
possible answers to the ques- 
tion but there's one which 
stands out — namely loyalty. 
Programmers at the lower end 
of the income scale are simply 
too loyal for their own good. 

That may sound like a 
virtue being punished by the 
avarice of others. The loyal 
programmer coding away fora 
pittance while others take 
advantage of his or her good- 

will But it's not quite like 

For the loyalty which the 
programmer demonstrates is 
often not to an employer or to 
any other person whatsoever, 
but to a machine. 

This machine loyalty can 
come about in two distinct 
ways. The first cause of loyalty 
is simple loyalty to machines 


By Chris Naylor 

per se. Programmers like 
them. And are happy with 
them. When the computers 
work they are pleased and 
when they do not they are 

It would be possible to let 
off an explosive charge next to 
such programmers and, as 
long as it didn't affect the 
machine, it would probably 
pass unnoticed. 

Maybe such programmers 
should apply for better-paid 
jobs. Maybe they should even 
abandon programming in fa- 
vour of a move up the 
employment hierarchy. But 
it's all maybe, maybe 

And the cure for this form of 

WelL there probably isn't 
one except by the merest 
chance. For either they have 
to be instilled with a desire to 
make more money or some- 
thing which they are doing 
anyway must accidentally 
happen to make money. 

Possibly in spare time, 
which will doubtless will be 

spent programming anyway. 

someone may produce a 
world-beating software pack- 
age which will be their prop- 
erty and could make a fortune. 

The other case of financially 
ruinous loyalty is that of the 
programmers who. while pos- 
sibly liking computers in gen- 
eral. like their own particular 
brand just a little too much. 

This happens because the 
more a programmer works on 
a particular machine the better 
he gets to know it and the 
better able to make it do 
everything wanted plus, usu- 
ally. quite a few totally un- 
reasonable things. And that 
increasing expertise tends to 
get reflected in a salary so, to 
some extent the money in- 

But expertise on one ma- 
chine doesn't always equal 
expertise on all machines and 
this type of loyal programmer 
can easily find it difficult to 
move to' a firm where the 
machines are different 

So. it's all too easy to stay 
pul And that's where the 
financial rot can start — 
because once he feels unable 
to change jobs it's more than 
likely that someone in his 
organization will spot the fact 
with disastrous effects on this 
his future earning power. 

The only real solution is for 
the programmer to be ruthless 
and change jobs frequently. 
Not ruthless, initially, with 
employers so much as ruthless 
with himself. 

A wide experience of a 
variety of machines and dif- 
ferent types of work can often 
pay off in the long term. 

Much easier on the eyes 

A novel way to avoid three 
sources of eye fatigue which 
have bothered users of visual 
display units (VDUs) has 
come from the laboratories of 
British American Optical. 

A team that has worked on 
special-purpose visors and op- 
tical systems for the aerospace 
industry and cm safety lenses 
for occupational protection 
from radiation, moved into 
the ophthalmic field with the 
design of spectacles to over- 
come unwanted reflections 
and unclear images, which can 
come from the halo of light 
around characters that is com- 
mon with screens using green 

Initially, the researchers 
were asked, if there was an 
obvious answer to the fre- 
quently voiced complaint 
following the conversion of 
large offices to VDU work 
station s, about the fatigue 
known as a "bog-eye" feeling 
at the end of the day. The 
condition was most frequent 

By Pearce Wright 

Science Editor 

among over-305 already wear- 
ing spectacles . 

For spectacles wearers, the 
strain was found to concern 
the focal length of the lens. 
Prescriptions are chosen for 
the most comfortable reading 
position, or the “bridge-hand" 
distance as it is sometimes 
called, usually 12 to 18 inches. 

mendation was relatively 
simple. It was for the new type 
of variable focal length lenses, 
designed to accommodate dif- 
ferent distances when the eyes 
swivel between objects. 

Bur the complaints about 
eye strain remained, 
concentrating on the need for 
better clarity of characters. 
Subsequent measurements 
examined the halo effect of 
various coloured screens, and 
identified how much the effect 

Because of the shape of ■== . . . . , 

many screens and keyboards, differed at varying levels of 
and because they are not brightness of characters 

perched so easily on the 


of a desk, a VDU user i 
wearing spectacles and work- 
ing with documents was con- 
stantly clanging from the 
ideal focal distance when read- 
ing, to an extra six to eight 
inches when looking at the 

The problem could not be 
solved by re-arranging the 
ergonomics of the work sta- 
tions. But the first rccom- 

agamst the permanent back- 
ground glow of the phosphor. 

Then the haloes were elimi- 
nated by artificially removing 
the background glow through 
using tinted lenses. Although 
this reduces the perceived 
intensity of the characters, the 
clarity improves without the 
halo. The price is around £45 
face very pair of spectacles for 
bulk orders or from company 

One way 
into the 

TO 20K -4- CAR 



The Increased demands placed on this leading International Mana&ment Consultancy group, by many 
of the major Qty Bards, has created the rare opportunity for exceptional Graduate Analysts and 
Programmers to enter the extiting world of International Banking. Particular areas of development Indude 
FOREX. SECURITIES & MONEY MARKETS, and full training in these application areas will be given where 
necessary. Quite simply, candidates will be aged 25-35. possess a very good degree from a top university 
and have gained a minimum of 3 years commercial D.P. experience preferably on IBM equipment. Exceflerc 
salaries will be offered and complemented by a substantial benefits package that incudes a company car. 

REFTC 14053 




Due to increased demand for their immensely successful Bond Dealing Software Package. this International 
Software Develop men r Corporation require additional DP professionals- The company lists among its 
clients, many of the major players involved in die deregulation of the Stock Exchange. The successful 
applicants should have proven analytical ability, and a strong penonaAty with the ability to deal with people 
at alilewis. Exposure to the NANG V5 System would be advantageous, although, any hardware experience 
will be considered. Duties wfflindude extensive chent Batson . project managementand PR work, with the 
opportunity to travel to client sites worldwide Full training will be given in their Bond Dealing package as 
wdl as proposed new developme n ts in GILTS. EQUITIES and FUTURES. For High Hying individuals, these 
positions offer a good salary along with aceUentcareerprospeas and the opportuity to be dneedy involved 
in die BIG BANG. REFTTJ5062 



A number of international consultancies and systems houses are currently recruiting Consulta n ts with a 
communications background. These companies advise diene from various sectors Including finance. 
Industry and science on hardware and software selection, planning and implementation. Candi da tes 
presently performing a technical, support or marketing role are invited to apply, particularly those who 
have worked for a large user, computer or communications equipment manufacturer or In an information 
services environment. Degree level education Is advantageous thou^i not essential as many of our (Seffls 
are more concerned with specific experience, business acumen and good i n terpersonal sfcffls. 

REF IN 14266 





One of the most respected Computer Groups in the UK. is expanding its Communications Division. 
Retaining an impressive cfient base, consisting of many large Mufti-nationals, the company seek ex p erienced 
Sales Specialists to sell their highly successful multi-host-sin^e-tenninal-^swms. Average order valoe is 
dl 50.000 and the realistic targets set are greatly exceeded by the majority of the company's Sales 
Executives. The ideal applicant should possess experience of Data Communications hardware & software, 
possibly coming from a major manufacturer Inatkffdon to a highly attractive unSmtedsiary and company 
car. the group also offers free BUR5 and extensive hofiday entitlement. REF IX 14946 





Wearecumendy inundated with wcaniccs for the ex p erienced ICL PROFESSIONAL!. These vacancies range 
from lunlor Programmers, with a minimum of one years experience, through to Senior Consultants with 
many years hi die D P. Industry, the common factor being ICL Experience of any of the following software 
would bean obvious advantage: (QMS. TPMS. LSDM. SSADM. DDS. The companies we are acting on behalf 
of range from major manufacturers, to large flnanlcal institutions, to consultancy groups. Salaries, 
promotional prospects and other benefits are exceUentand for those wishing to relocate, comprehensive 
relocation packages are offered. REF: TK I4**ri 




Videotex Is atom to move into the most exciting phase of growth and development A professional Sates 
Executive is sought for the systems division of this leading telecommunications company to sefl into 
estabished major accounts. The successful candidate 1$ Bkriy to have several years experience se&ng 
videotex systems HeShe should also demonstrate a background in handling prestigious major aaasunts 
and in maintaining control of long term sales strategies whfie continually batting on Immediate business 
opportunities The ability to manage internal resources Is crucial and nationwide sales support Is second 
to none High rewards and a definite career path are major advantages wftttn this dtaflengfng environment, 

REF T1 14096 


In many cases, the financial area of Expert Systems is still at the exploratory stage, but this consultancy is 
rapidly becoming a market leader as it can boast a high success rate in this field . To enable them to maintain 
this enviable position, they are looking for people who have commercial experience in the construction 
of Expert Sytems. ideally within the financial sector. Staff requirements range from C and/or Lisp 
programmers to Senior Knowledge Engineers Development work will generally be on state-of-the-art 
workstations so any experience of utilising this hardware or associated software will be advantageous 
Salaries are fully negotiable (generally above market ratesi and are complemented by a very generous 
benefits package REFT5H I51Q0 



A leading UK-based com puting services company, who isa sutattary of one of the largest US corporators, 
is currently selecting two Senior Sales Managers. Following major success with their sales of a d w i xad 
communications and information systems for dealing rooms they are forging ahead with their growth plans 
for 1^87/88 Pan of these plans entail an fm mediate requirement for the introduction of a new senior strata 
of management. Each Sales manager will lead a small speciaBsed team of Senior Account Managers. Mealy, 
the applicants should have proven experience of sales Into deaBngftrading rooms and famaarity with 
financial Cry institutions on a very senior level. Following the appointments above, a Senior Account 
Manager will be recruited by December I ^86. These are excellent opportunities to fttin a highly successful 
company who have a definite and exciting future in the Financial market place. REF TL 1 4293 




24 HRS (10 LINES) 

01 439 8302 
01 437 5994 


(0892) 28736 

Technical Consultant 

IBM Products 

London based 
£ negotiable 4- car 

Price Waterhouse, a major management 
consultancy practice, is renowned for its 
leading position in information technology 
Our services range from significant strategic 
reviews to major systems development 
assignments across the whole spectrum of 
the UK and European market Not only do 
we provide professional advice and 
recommendations, butwe are prepared also 
to implement those recommendations when 
required by clients. This high standard of 
service demands effective back up and 
support for all our consultants throughout 
the UK and in Europe. 

Wfe have recently established an 
Information Technology Services unit in London 
to support our UK and European consultancy 

practice. We are particularly keen to staff this 
unit with a balanced team of technical experts 
who can operate as consultants in the field as 
well as be reservoirs of expertise back at base. 

Ability both to provide technical advice to 
other consultants and to undertake 
technical work as part of a team 

Highly developed personal and analytical skifis 

Our current requirement is for an expert with: 

In depth knowledge of technical features 
of IBM products - hardware, software, office 
automation and telecommunications 

Experience in capacity planning, 
performance analysis, systems planning 
and network development 

Practical involvement in migration planning 
and implementation in respect of IEM 

For applicants with at least 8 years 
experience, aged late 20's - mid 30'swecan 
provide career progression opportunities, as 
well as personal recognition and material 

Those interested should send, in 
confidence, full career and personal details 
(quoting MCS/8069) to PeterHumphrey 

Price Waterhouse 
Management Consultants 
No. 1 London Bridge 
London SO. 9QL 

Price Waterhouse 

Euro group 
chips in 
against US 

■ European Sflicorr 
Structures, ES2, a pan- 

expected to start first 
deliveries of its chips later this 

ES2 (San attempt to 
provide a European answer to 
the dominance of American . 
and Japanese manufacturers, 
its orgarization is spread 
around Europe wfth 
headquarters fn Mtmidva : 
design centre in Bracknell and 
a.ctiip facta ry .pla rtn atL for - — - 
Aix-en -Proyen ca in France by 
the begimtingefi 988. 

The current order from a 
French company is being made 
in California. 

■ The US government in 
the form of its commerce 

department is pressuring 
" iwA' 


West Germany, to allow 
to gat its sales people's 
feet In Europe's door. 

The matter is so Important, 
that US officials pressed the 
issue wfth the West German 
embassy on the eve of an 

official visit to Washington 

by Chancellor Helmut 
The administration claims 
the Germans are pressuring 
Ranc* to reject a proposal 
that would give At & T and its 
Dutch partner, MV. Philips, 

16 per cent of the digital-switch 
business of the state- 
owned French telephone 

■ Bridging the gap 
between micro and mini and 
mini and mainframe with 
new jargon seems to be 
tchmg on. Norsk Data is 
to announce tommonrow a 
micro-mini and earlier this 
month Sperry launched a 

Geof Butcher, Norsk Data's 
UK marketing manager, 
describes the new product, 
the Butterfly, as a radical step 

for the company. It consists 
of an Ericsson PC, 

sson PC/AT, running 
, coupled i 

MS-DOS, coupled in the 
same unit with a Norsk 16-bit 
mini Prices start at £5,500. 

Financial services face 
considerable risks in using 
computers, says 
accountants Details, Haskins & 
Sells in a report on the 

particular concern. 

access to 
mainframe data is usually 
controlled, the same 
information on a micro is often 
easily available with floppy 
discs easily removed and hard 
efiscs sonromes sent for 
repair with confidential 
information still stored on 

system, based on the IBM-PC 
and compatibles, designed 
to produce both pictures arid 
text on screen, is to be 
announced before the end of 
the year by Prafis, a 
software house. 

Called Picture Machine, it 
uses a specially designed ' 
circuit board from a 
computer-imaging firm, 
Thermo teknix, arid can 
accept pictures from video 
cameras, VCRs or video 

Price for a system to add to 
PC and 

an existing F'C and laser 
printer will be £5,500 and a 
complete system £12,000. 
Information: 0920-5890. 

Ask a group of employers 
how people start in computing 
and each will give you a. 
slightly different reply. But 
despite the discrepancies there 
is a commonly-quoted core of 
skills and -attributes which 
most of Them agree on for a 
typical entrant. 

Programmers for example 
are seen as needing an analyti- 
cal mind, logical thought 
problem-solving abilities, 
communication skills and a 
personable and outward going 

Unfortunately not all of us 
can match up to this model 
and employers admit that 
such paragons are hard to find 
even though computing 
continues to attractyoung and 
ambitious people in droves. 

There is little doubt that 
new and recent graduates 
form the bulk of any new 
intake at the trainee leveL 

But that doesn't mean all 
others are excluded. Program- 
ming courses under the Job 
Training Scheme, for exam- 
ple, report "on employment 
success rate of more than 60 
per cent so there's still hope 
for those, coming from alter- 
native routes. 

Not surprisingly, however, 
virtually all employers put the 
emphasis' on youth for new 
entrants to the business. After 
the age of 25 it isdifficulnobe 
considered for a graduate 
trainee scheme and the major- 
ity of Job Training Scheme 
recruits are under 30. 

The other important feature 
of recruiters' preferences is the 

- fc 



By Edward Fennell 

priority given to all-round 
personality and communica- 
tion skills. 

As Ian Kavanagh, of Mars 
Group Services, commented: 
'"There are plenty of tech- 
nically-skilled square-eyed 
people around but we want 
our recruits to have some 
human qualities as welL 

“After afl, once they’ve got 
through their training they 
spend only about half their 
time at foe desk. The rest of 
the week they're out dealing 
with users and communicat- 
ing with people who aren't 
computer specialists tbero- 
: selves. The ability to. commu- 
nicate is essentiaL” * 

The Mars group is a tittle 
unusual because it recruits 
trainee programmers with the 
expectation that many of them 
will move off later into 
broader management jobs — 
not even specially related to 

Such a policy may be ex- 
cellent for the company's long- 
term future but it has its 
recruitment drawbacks. As Mr 
Kavanagh confesses: “It is 
very- difficult to get the right 
kind of people — the ones who 



have that extra edge of higfa- 
i few 

level personal skills are 
and far between.” 

It is perhaps easier when 
you are looking purely for 
long-term computer staff. 
Tesco’s computer recruiters 
say that they have no prob- 
lems in making their !6 
annual trainee appointments. 

The company is certainly 
open to applications from 
people up to the age of 25 but 
it stresses that, most com- 
monly, successful applicants 
are numerate with a com- 
puter-oriented sandwich 
course behind- therm 
Nonetheless they welcome 
applications from people of all 
degree disciplines. 

The MSc"s Job Training 
Scheme offers a number of 
courses, which last between 12 
and 18 weeks and provide a 
very good alternative to the 
usual requirement of a degree 

But getting on to an MSC 
course is not easy, ft requires a 
pass in an aptitute test and a 
good performance- in a 
demanding interview. 

The use of aptitude tests 
among employers is now com- " 
mon but not universal. There 
are still a few who believe that 
anyone with a reasonable 
academic qualification should 
be able to cope intellectually 
with programming and there- 
fore they select purely on the 






- 3.1 

- 44 
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- 46 




-£—' 2,1 






: 3.7 
*: 4A 
. 73 

5 4 2 

' 34 





basis of persona] presentation 
and communication skills. 

Knowing the individual 
preferences of employers can 
be an important part of your 
job-hunt strategy. In some 
cases you’ll be expected to be 
familiar with all the jargon 
and buzz-words and possess a 
reasonable level of computer 

In. others, the important 
thing will be the probing of 
yoor character and personal 
skills. And, of course, most 
employers have their own 
little prejudices — one major 
insurance company, for exam- 
ple. was interested only in 
applications from the top 20 








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IBM 36 & IBM XT/ AT. . 

. (Basic and cobdlananiscsL 
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Contact DJjtadems, 

■s general 

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Working rbbot 
for £ 5,000 


Kind or personal robot 


. fl!7> nas no voice, no 

becomes accessible to targe 
groups of people who couldn’t 
previously consider the tech- 

Rather than trying to take 
business from the existing 
robot manufacturers, UMI 
will endeavour to open up . 

charminc .■ win endeavour to Open up 

be Uuie E hS??5? ,ly 80(1 ^ whole new markets, from 
rescue PrinrL i h ” tryin8 10 chemical laboratories, manu- 

rescue nmcess Leia. tn health «.«» 



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wm«h^ your ldea of a robot is 
something analagous to the 
personal eompute,. _ &x£s- 
sible, affordable and widely 
applicable — then vou wiU 
recognize that RTX ^presents 
a major step forward in the 

state of the art. 

In e^ence, RTX is a 
straightforward industrial 
type robot arm that can lift, 
move and manipulate objects 
within what is described as its 

“working envelope” 

Its design is based loosely 
on a type of robot favoured by 


By Richard Pawson 

the Japanese, known as Scara, 
for light industrial and assem- 
bly applications. But RTX has 
a greater reach than many of 
its competitors and more 
articulations at the wrist so 
that objects can be grasped 
from any angle. 

But the most startling fea- 
ture is its price - at £5,000 it is 
at least a quarter of anything 
comparable. You need to have 
a PC to program the robot, but 
since Amslrad's PCI 512 this 
is hardly a major additional 

At this price, said UMTs co- 
founder Tim Jones, robotics 

factoring to health care. 

“It’s very like the eariy days 
of the personal computer," . 
said Mr Jones. "The inventors 
of the Apple II couldn't say 
exactly what it would be used 
for. but at that price com- 
panies could afford to buy one 
out of petty (fash and .just 

But the discerning buyer 
will want to know why RTX 
can be built so cheaply, and 
why the other robot manufac- 
turers haven’t already done 
the same. 

• The answer to the first 
question is two-fold: mass 
production engineering — as 
opposed to capital equipment 
solutions — and what UMI 
describes as ‘'realistic 

The RTX robot can be 

Bull plans Abidtl 
to broaden the san 

1 Tl tpfpctc Most computers have a high 
** * I* wi. V* J W proportion ofbase metal and a 

privatization list, expects to 

double 11 s profits this year. chmw cabinets, frames and 

^ 3 circuitry are commonly con- 

The figures will be helped strutted. The philosopher's 
by an improvement in- stone of computing aims at 
productivity, said Francis Lo- much more prosaic ends — to 

* ‘ 

A bid to get on 
the same train 

By David Guest 

Most computers have a high existing programs is written in 

UMTs RTX at work — this robot am be positioned with an accuracy of one 
millimetre. Greater, accuracy is often wasted in some job applications 

One thing is certain - to come the robotic equivalent to 
justify the mass production the video games machine, it 

designs used, UMI will need will be nece 
to self an awful lot of robots, onstrate some 
Some 60 arms have been buDt tions early on. 
and are being evaluated by f , 

will be necessary 10 dem- 
onstrate some real applica- 

positioned with an accuracy of companies and research in- 
1 millimetre and although stitutes around the world 

existing industrial robots can 
beat this figure hands down, 
Mr Jones claims that greater 
accuracy, which can be down 
to a tenth of a millimetre, is 
often wasted on many 

The viability of .this argu- 
ment will take time to be 
tested, as will the reliability of 
the injection moulded struc- 
tures and off-the-shelf compo- 
nents used in RTX's 

RTX is being manufactured 
in Britain by AB Electronics — 
which expects to be producing 
more than 1,000 units during 
the next 12 months. ITus is no 
mean sales target. -The British 
Robot Association said the 
total number of new industrial 
robots installed in Britain last 
year was only 600. 

If the persona] robot is 
going to bkome a reality in 
industry, and not merely be- 

UMTs goal, not surpris- 
ingly, is to identify the robot *?*"“**£ 

equivalent of Viiicalc - a * 

financial spread sheet (respon- ^ 

sible for a huge proportion of vJJ* i 
the early Apple II sales. - f^eloped 
either through its own soft- 


party organizations. fSK 

UMI’s current list of users major first 
already makes interesting Japanese res 
reading, especially the the same fi< 
development of an automated tedly has 
kitchen for the disabled by the goals, will n 
Stein Gerontological Institute type until th 

in Miami. But to take a hard, 
commercial view, it is the 
industrial users who really 

Readsons Ltd, one of the 
largest privately owned doth-’ 
ing manufacturers in England, 
has been developing a fabric 
handling system based on 
RTX and a specialized unit 
developed at Leeds 

The suggestion is that the 
automated production of sim- 
ple garments could be a matter 
of months away. It could be a 
major first for Britain — the 
Japanese research project into 
the same field, which admit- 
tedly has more advanced 
goals, will not exist in proto- 
type until the early 1990s. 

Sophisticated smart card 
adds chic to plastic credit 

There'can no longer be any 
doubt that the day of the smart 
card with its on board com- 
puter is just around the cor- 
ner. There also seems little 
doubt that few British finan- 
cial institutions are yet taking 
the development seriously 

The fortunes of the card 
have changed dramatically in 
the last year. Previously it had 
found acceptance only in its 
birthplace. France, but manu- 
facturers. potential users and 
"analysis in both the US and " 
Japan seem to have 
recognised it's tremendous 

The .industry itself now 
expects over 100 million cards 
to be in use in both these 
countries by 1991 and fbrthe 
card to dominate the market- 
place by 1995. 

Such arc the conclusions of 
a report* published this week 
that strongly advises anyone 
involved with plastic cards to 
start taking the development 

The smart card is the same 
size and thickness as the 
ubiquitous credit card but 
embedded within it is a 
powerful microprocessor and 
a memory holding at least 8 
kilobits of data. 

It can record far more 
information than the mag- 
netic stripe on today's bank 
and credit cards. Us«l for 
financial transactions it can 
carry details of the holder's 
account, credit limit, previous 
buys and sophisticated sec- 
urity numbers. 

The processor in the card 

can prove the holder's identity 
without the need to check with 
a central computer and can 
complete a transaction on the 
spoL The same card replaces 
cheque guarantee cards, 
traveller's cheques and could 
also be used to settle payments 
for trains, buses, taxis, 
phonccalls etc. 

( money ) 

By Keith Hindley 

IC card announced last week 
by GEC here in Britain. It is a 
passive card that receives 
power via radio waves and a 
built-in antenna. It'eliirrinates 
the metal contacts that might 
dog-up in use and carries a 
much larger memory store. 

Finally, there are cards that 
use laser beams to write and 
read stored data. The 
Suraimoto Bank in Japan are 
currently testing the 
Lascrcard. manufactured by 


; Appleworid, Business Design Centre, Upper St., London N1, 
Wednesday until Saturday (01-831 6262) 

Compec, OJvmpia, London, November 11-14(01-821 5555) 

Micros in Design, Design Centre, Haymarket, London SW1, 
November 12 - December 19, (01-839 8000) 

Computers in the City, Barbican, London. November 18-20. 
Cadcanvon Micros, Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Birdcage 
i Walk. London SW1 H 9J J. November 18, Seminar and demonstra- 
tions - £40, (01 -222 7899) 

British Telecom Network Strategy Conference, Sedgewick 
Centr&London El, November 18-19, (01-608 1161) 

People and Technology, Queen Elizabeth (I Conference Centre, 
Westminster, London, November 25-27, (01-727 1929). 

CtMAP - Factory automation. National Exhibition Centre, 
Birmingham, December 1-5, (01-891 3426) 

Interactive Video, Metropoie Hotel, Brighton, December 9-11, 
(01-847 1847) 

Hi^h Technology in Education, Barbican, London, January 21-24, ■ 
(fideotex User Show, Barbican, London. January 28-30, (01-608 

rentz, director-general of the 
company. He told a meeting 
■ ofinvestraent analysts in Paris 
fast week that “we will at least 
double last year's consolidated 
net profit of 1 10 million francs 
(about £1 1.7 million), al- 
though be emphasized that a 
precise forecast was difficult. 

In the first balf of this year 
Bull more than tripled its 
consolidated net profit to 144 
million francs from 39 million 
in the first half of 1985. 

Mr Loremz said that Bull's 
discussions on eventually tak- 
ing a stake in the information 
systems business of the 
American computer firm 
Honeywell were continuing, 
but there were no details yet. 

Last month Honeywell an- 
nounced it was seeking to 
combine its two-billion-doQar 
systems business with both 
Bull and NEC of Japan in an 
attempt at a worldwide joint 

The strategy of 
expansion abroad 

Honeywell used to have a 
47 per cent stake in BulL 
which was then known as CH 
Honeywell Bull until the 
French government increased 
its majority stake in 1982. 

Mr Loremz said that if the 
negotiations were successful. 
Bull expected to finance- two- 
thirds of the acquisition cost 
of any stake from its own 
resources, with the rest of the | 
funds coming either from an 
appeal to shareholders, 
present or future, or from 

He said any acquisition of 
Honeywell's activities would 
form a natural part of the 
group's strategy of expanding 
into overseas markets, com- 
menting that Bull's depen- 
dence on the French market 
was a point of weakness. 

make the metals the least of 
the similarities between dif- 
ferent computers. 

The incompatibilities be- 
tween computers (from dif- 
ferent manufacturers are 
among the big computer users' 
main bugbears. Trying to 
make them work together is 
like running a railway network 
with more than one gauge of 

The result is that much of 
the operation has lo be dupli- 
cated — the engines and rolling 
stock in particular. 

For the present generation 
of rail travellers there are three 
possible solutions — either 
train-loads of people and 
goods can be disembarked at a 
junction to board a new train 
or the coaches and trucks can 
be hoisted bodily on to a new 
set of bogeys. 

For the future, legislative 
bodies can be encouraged to 
adopt a single standard gauge. 
The computer industry is 
pursuing all three possibles. 


Austec's Ace products cre- 
ate the illusion of a single 
common computer system so 
that programs and the files 
they use can be shunted round 
an Acebridge network regard- 
less of the type of computer 
actually being used. 

According 10 the research 
organization, IDC, they genu- 
inely work with the main 
problem making the physical 
connection between the dif- 
ferent machines. 

Austec's general manager, 
Brian Wadsworth, said that 
the company was on the point 
of producing a manual to help 
people write their own 
"connectivity modules" to 
make the software work on 
their individual physical links. 

He sees the technique as 
primarily for personal com- 
puter users and the programs 
are priced accordingly, 
Acebridge costing from £300, 
depending on the size of the 

Set a standard 
for the future 

The designers of Cobol 
intended the language and 
programs written in it to run 
on any kind of hardware — the 

In the first case there are Co in Cobol actually stands 
companies such as Britain's for common. Bui, as Mr 

X ionics, which sells a 
networking system that de- 
pends on a hierarchy of 
switches. This is strictly for 
huge operators — a Xionics 
contract can run into seven 

It is appropriate that it 
should be an Australian com- 
pany that claims an important 
breakthrough in the second 
approach to the problem - 
Australia has a long experi- 
ence of different gauge rail- 
ways. ‘ 

Austec,.a software company 
that originated in Melbourne, 
is selling a product that tries to 
make computers forget their 
differences in certain 

It concentrates on making 
Cobol programs portable from 
one machine to another. This 
is far from a minority interest 
in the computer world — most 
of the, total - inventory of 

Wadsworth recalled, the style 
of computing changed too 
quickly for a Cobol standard 
lo keep pace. 

Computer manufacturers 
used their own recipes to 
make Cobol deal with devel- 
opments like the VDU and the 
result was a profusion of 
incompatible programs de- 
signed for incompatible 

The third approach to the 
railway-gauge problem — to 
establish a standard for ihe 
future and avoid 
incompatiblity — is in the 
hands of the International 
Standards Organization (ISO). 

With the collaboration of 
computer manufacturers and 
users it is promoting a rule 
book which should make it 
possible to link complete sys- 
tems. This may prove as 
elusive as the original 
philospher’s stone. - 

^ .. Drcxlcr of California, who say 

But its potential is far wider: ' the mcthod couW store up to 
The card could carry an 20 million (bits of information. 

individual's medical records 
with details of allergies, 
medication and even x-rays 
from recent treatment 

About three million cards 
with memory and processor 
arc now in use in France, 
manufactured by Bull, who 
hold the single chip card 

This type, which does re- 
quire a terminal for use, is 
currently being tested' by 
MasterCard, who run one of 
the two international card 
networks. More advanced 
variants which also cany on 
board batteries, alphanumeric 
displays and a tiny keyboard 
arc also under development 

Visa. MasterCard’s inter- 
national competitors, are cur- 
rently testing the Ulticard. 
manufactured by SmartCard 
International of New York, 
These cards are completely 
self-contained and need no 
local terminal lo complete a 


Other variants include the 


France is currently the only . 
mature smartcard market but 
despite the fact that Visa and 
MasterCard are likely to en- 
sure eariy acceptance world- 
wide here in Britain, most 
financial institutions remain 

The banks currently prefer 
improved magnetic memory 
cards and are developing: a 
nationwide on-line checking 
system to be completed by 
1988. Some building societies, 
such as the Abbey National, 
like the look of lasereards. 

Either way, the excitement 
generated by smancards in 
Europe. America and Japan is 
lacking here. If this develop- 
ment does create a billion 
dollar market abroad within 
the next five years then British 
institutions may have a sud- 
den change in attitude, but to- 
date there is no sign of it 

* The Smart Card. Post- 
News, Si ok e-sub- Hamdon, 
Somerset TAN 6BR. Price 
£134. ‘ ' - - ' ' • 




Berks/Bucks Border - Z80 Assembler experience 
necessary £16K 


Programming background on IBM PC + Compatibles running on 
MS DOS,'C experience preferred. Also Cobol. End user 
involvement (Marketing/Sales Consultancy) - Berks Co. E15K 


HV controls + good electronic knowledge. Senior position 
answering to General Manager. £20K + Car 

3rd largest Computer Company in the world require New 
Graduate/HND Engineers (Sectronics). 


DEC, Q-buf/RSX and VMS and Software essential ' c£12K 

+ Car + BUPA 

Edward McAnutty, Border Personnel, 109 London Street 
Reading RG1 4QA. Telephone: 0734 595335. 

rnnnr " 


Circa 32K + Car 

Parc b a unique and fast growing company specialising in marketing 
and funding Ihe rental of nigh value high technology equipment. 

Among our clients are major suppliers and manufacturers, with whom 
we have a close and continuing relationship to develop new marketing 
pofides which will promote increased sales and profits. 

of reiatfiSp and wSS^wfahto^R^r^ 0 ^ 6 <areeir& SiStebtei^pE 
cants are likely to have a proven track record in the sale of mainframe 
computers. Age is not a factor but it is unfikeiy that anyone under 30 
years old would have the requisite maturity or depth of experience. 

If you want to join an energetic and expanding company where there are 
excellent career prospects, write with util personal and career details to: 

The Managing Director, 

30 Eastbourne Terrace, 

Parc Limited 
London W2 6LG 





Ml aiaop 


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m * 


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m.**'*** * ' 

Mata *»►* ■ " - 

l -; ' v 

’- -'tP**" r-'-* 

jw*- ^ _ a -.-*5- 

Nene College vl 




Applications are invited for the following 
THREE posts: 

Hardware Support 

To primarily initiate, develop and support those computer hard- 
ware requirements eg data communications, interfacing, 
networking etc consistent with the wide-spread use of comput- 
ers at the College. 

Scale 1/5: E3507-E9216. 

Permanent Post 

Documentation Officer J 

To be responsible for the documentation produced by 
Computer Services and other related aspects. Word process- 
ing. graphics etc skills will be used to maximum advantage. 
Scale 1/3: £3507-£7158. 

Permanent Post 


Required to provide expertise in computer aided learning for a 
microcomputer based project .in chiropody. FantfSarity with 
Research Machine microcomputers wifi be an advantage. 
Scale 1/5: E3507-E9216. x 

Fixed Term Contract to 31 March 1988 with the possibBBty of 
an extension. 

AH posts minimum of £5058 at age 21*. 

For all posts, candBdates wffl Ideally hold a degree/hlgher 
diploma and have relevant experience. 

Computer Services provides a comprehensive computing ser- 
vice for the College which has an extensive network of 
terminals and microcomputers based around VAX computers. 
Further details and application form from the 
Deputy Chief Administrative Officer, Mane College, Moulton 
Park, Nort hamp ton NN2 7AL- ' 

Teh 0604 715000L Closing date 11 November 1986. 

Computer and Electronics 
Recruitment Consultants 

Berkshire and London 

We are a successful and highly profitable recruitment 

crp priaTigmg wtfchtn tho rinnn p uUir and Eteetromcs 


Due^ to oar continued success andthe opening of our new offices 
in Kent, we are seeking to recruit a number o£ consultants to 
flii gmwrt fflirtwrifitin fl 'taflTTBim mrr Wnlrmgharn and gflrugmg tan 



We seek an experienced, technically qualified Hardware 
Engineer, ideally aged under 30 and preferably with technical' 
recruitment experience (atthnnq Ti this is not essential as 
training will be given). Knowledge erf tbe DATA- 
OTMMDMCATIONS or CAD/CAM markets Is of particular 



HymriTrlat es with a ptoVBH track record of suc cess within 
Computer Recruitment in SALES, DATA PROCESSING or 
OTERATIONS are required for these positions although 
applications wiD also be considered from commercially aware. 

age range is 24-30. 

For all of the above positions, we offer a REALISTIC salary 
package, well in excess of £2CMXH with a Quality Car. Salary 
will noc be an obstacle Sox exceptional candidates . 

Far full details, contact Kenny Upton or lEaric Goldberg tm 
01-9382566 (241 miibs) or send abrieic.v. to the address below. 

AJf fnipftfag wiTl he treated in strict mnfi/tonna 



MSB App ointment s, Suite 211, 
CoHeoe House, Wrights Lane, 
Kemdogtoo, London WB5SH. 


Banking Benefits 

British Credit Trust is a major Finance 
House and a wholly owned subsidiary 
or an International. Banking Group 
providing a comprehensive range of 

Finance facilities to Industry 

and the private 
HSM ! A -consumer. 

- We operate on IBM 4341 under MVS/JES3 

\\ Sr utilising TSO/IPF and IMS. An on-line enquiry 

system uses Nixdorf terminals. 

Immediate and projected development requirements have given rise to 
opportunities for IBM COBOL programmers with 2 years experience. OL1 
experience would be helpful but not essential. 

Relocation assistance may be provided if necessary. Salaries are competitive 
and reflect experience. Staff Mortgage and Loan facilities. Non-contributory 
pension and private health insurance schemes are available as part of the 
overall package. 

Write with CV. or telephone for an application form to:— 

The Personnel Department, British Credit Trust limited, 

British Credit House, High SfreeL Slough. Berks, SL1 1ED. Vv£3S5 J3 
Telephone: (0753) 73211. 

British Credit Trust Ltd 

A Bank of Ireland Company 





of New South Wales was ihe idea 
captain James Cook, who jolted u 
>r> his journal after discovering the 
edge of a vast southern land in 

of the continent lost their 
tides tine Swan River 
jTjyJY was renamed Western Australia, 
g., 3 ® Diemen's Land became Tasma- 
?■ ’ “hi New South Wales endured. 
T^with its early settlers. 

1,5*,. stale is the embodiment of 
^Tjralian history. In a little over 14 
it will be the stage on which the 
L^.J^fiarj curtain will rise, when a fleet 
jJ?JJ'tnasted sailing ships, including a 
^jwner presented as a birthday gift by 
sails into Sydney harbour two 
igTYhJes after Captain Anhur Phillip 
< ‘ UWe dto found a penal colony. 

those first white inhabitants — 
■^convicts, 450 civil and military 
■^?wL and 58 women and children — 
*2., 4 population had grown by the 
census to 5. 1 million, or about 35 
cent of the national total, although 
®-P*ople are now equally repre- 
rjjj^ve of the varied ethnic mix of 
PiSttar Australia that includes Italians, 
muamese. Jugoslavs. Lebanese. 
,c JWand Greeks. 

_ foundation for Australia's 
Pro^jeritv was laid in NSW. Freed 
jPjTOs established farms along the 
rarra *tiana River on the outskirts of 

Sydney. Mining started at a dusty 
outback settlement named Broken Hill. 

From these beginnings grew the great 
agriculture and mining industries, the 
easy wealth that gave rise to the phrase, 
“the lucky country". 

With commodity prices in decline, 
and the economy in jeopardy, faith is 
again being pinned on NSW to find a 
way back to prosperity through service 
industries. The emergence of Sydney as a 
new Pacific financial centre is 3 step in 
tliht direction. 

What is it. though, that makes NSW 
distinctive? A few images, mainly 
hedonistic, have penetrated the outside 
consciousness — surfing at Bondi beach, 
prawns and linnies (cans of been at the 
bjrhic. bronzed and blonde bodies on the 
beach - but they are not necessarily 
unique to the state. 

The flashy Australian entrepreneur, 
too. is a composite figure (Kerry Packer 
is from Sydney but Robert Holmes a 
Court lives in Penh and John Elliott in 

NSW folk arc witty and shrewd, with a 
devastating eye for pretension and a flair 
for vivid Imagery in language. It is a 
tough env ironmeni. and most of the best 
m Australian colloquialism has emerged 
from the pitiless, adrenaline-charged 
arenas of NSW Labor politics, the Hill at 
the Sydney Cricket Ground and night- 
clubs. when: mediocre comics are 

Sydneysiders have not forgotten the 
raiTishness of their origins. Indeed 
sometimes they seem to relish it. This 
strong sense of city/slate identity stimu- 
lated Sydney's intense rivalry with its 
more genteel cousin. Melbourne, over 
which bad the right to be considered 
Australia's leading city. 

When it came to choosing a capital 
after federation in 1901. the issue could 
be resolved only by building a third 
centre. Canberra, between the two. 

Even now Sydney folk afTcci contempt 
for what they consider Melburnian 
stuffiness, and the old-money world, 
while Victorians point to continuing 
efforts at cleaning up corruption in the 
NSW police as evidence that things have 
not changed much in the state in 200 

But if Sydney remains the head- 
quarters of organized crime in Australia, 
it is also a great city, with style as well as 
pace, and a regard for its heritage along 
with a high-rise skyline. 

You can eat better in Sydney than in 
most European capitals, and a lot - 
cheaper, too. And it is far from being the 
cultural desert that Melburnians claim 
it to be. The naiiona) opera company has 
its headquarters in Sydney, at the most 
distinctive opera house in the world. 

Oh. and yes. the climate's good. too. 

Stephen Taylor 

The business area of Sydney, V Jb 
capital of New South Wales, which f i 
is winning increasing recognition vga g ri B 

as a leading financial centre of the A 
Pacific region, and. right, how ftSS* • 
NSW started, with Captain James 
Cook landing in Botany Bay in 

1770 to proclaim British ;§fwB 




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Last time there were two sides to what we Australians had happening down 

under, it was a jealously guarded secret. 

It, was. of course, the now famous winged keel and we all know what that led to. 

Well, if you're coming to Australia for the America's Cup Defence, you'll find there are 
still two sides to what's happening down under. And we'd love to show you our side. 

Australia's leading state — New South Wales — and our beautiful capital city, 
evdnev, the financial and commercial centre of Australia, are COME AMD MAKE IT 

the keys to unlocking Australian. Asian and Pacific markets. IN NEW SOUTH WALES. 

To make things easy we can arrange special guided SiSSlSSBr^ 

Investours' designed to enable you to investigate opportunities 
in your particular field of interest. - . . >&::?• 

And we ll make sure you enjoy our magnificent scenery- too. 

Chances are you’ll like what you see so much, you'll w ant to come 
and live and make your living here. 

So. if you're coming Down Under' to our big country for the America's Cup, don t 

miss the big opportunity - New South Wales. 

For further information contact your nearest New South Wales Government 

Afflce: London (01) 83966o1. Los Angeles (213) 532 9566, Tokyo (3) 2142066 
Fremantle* (09) 4305087. Sydney (02) 2506666. 

Hard times for 
new hardliner 

The ending of a political era is 
often a confusing, sometimes 
painful time, and so it is 
proving in New South Wales, 
where a leader who had pre- 
sided over Australia's oldest 
and most populated state fora 
decade, and wielded signifi- 
cant influence nationally, sud- 
den I v got up four months ago, 
said he had had enough, and 
walked out of his office. 

Neville Wran. the former 
Premier, bestrode the affairs 
of NSW. In a decade of Labor 
rule, he led four governments 
which, even his many enemies 
concede, improved services 
and cultural life in the state 
and tackled pressing environ- 
mental concerns. 

His air of command, and an 
abrasive way of dealing with 
opposition * {“applying the 
blowtorch to 'the belly,” he 
called it) could have taken 
him to Canberra as national 
leader. Even the pervasive 
allegations of corruption 
which hung over Mr Wran’s 
administration foiled to dam- 
age him significantly. It was 
always going to be a hard act 
to follow. 

Just how hand Bame 
Unsworth, the new Premier, 
has discovered since an Au- 
gust opinion poll gave him an 
approval rating of just 26 per 
cent Alarm bells are ringing in 
Canberra, where the fortunes 
of Labor in NSW are taken as 
a barometer of its federal 
popularity. Robert Hawke, the 
Prime Minister, has particular 
cause for concern because 
NSW is the bedrock of his 
support within the Australian 
Labor Party. 

Mr Unsworth is a more 
paradoxical figure than Mr 
Wran. Though, on the one 
hand, every bn as ruthless (he 
has been described as "the 
hardest of the hardliners” and 
as a man who would enjoy 
pulling the wings off 
butterflies) he is also a practis- 
ing Roman Catholie and 
shows a greater sensitivity to 
welfare issues, and to dealing 
with corruption than his 

He is going to need the 
resilience which colleagues say 
is his strongest political virtue. 
The resignation, whether in- 

Tm not a song 
and dance man’ 

temionally or not. enabled Mr 
Wran to avoid fall-out from a • 
number of harmful issues 
which were just starting to 
emerge. The new Premier has. 
as thev say. copped the lot. 

Ever? as he was about to take 
office, electoral backlash 
caused Mr Unsworth a per- 
sonal humiliation. In going 
through what was expected to 
be the formality of a transfer 
from the upper to the lower 
house, he came within a 
hundred votes of losing a 
supposedly safe seat. 

His problems were com- 
pounded by the embarrassing 
disclosure that the US con- 
sortium approved by the gov- 
ernment to build Sydney’s 
new casino (and given a dean 
bill of health by NSW investi- 
gators) is in foci under in- 
vestigation by the FBI. The 
contract was granted before 
Mr Unsworth took office, and 
he promptly cancelled it. 

His rise, like that of Mr 
Hawke, was through the trade- 
union movement, but unlike 
the Prime Minister, who is a 
personal friend, he is virtually 
unknown outside NSW. 

Still, this resolutely un- 
charismatic style is probably 
less of a drawback than it is in 
the presidential-style arena oi 
national politics, where it has 
undermined John Howard’s 
performance as opposition 

In an interview in his office 

overlooking Sydney Harbour. 
Mr Unsworth said: *Tm not a 
song-and-dance man. but peo- 
ple know me. and they trust 
me. In difficult times people 
want a strong leader. With me 
they'll get it." 

One controversial issue he 
says he is eager to get to grips 
with is corruption. Rightly or 
wrongly, taint has attached to 
both Labor and Liberal 
administrations in NSW in 
the last 20 years, and the new 
Premier acknowledges that for 
the sake of public confidence, 
the issue is one which has to be 
faced squarely. 

Symptoms of the problem 
abound. The state's chief mag- 
istrate was jailed last year for 
attempting to pervert the 
course of justice, and his 
successor accused a district 
court judge " of a similar 
offence. v 

Dozens of state police, 
among them senior officers. 

Barrie Unsworth: 
a product of the 
NSW Labor right 
wing, probably the 
toughest school in 
Australian politics 

have been or are in the process', 
of being brought before disci- 
plinary tribunals. .A former, 
state prisons minister is on- 
trial for allegedly arranging. ■ 
early releases in return for 

A continuing clean-up of 
the police force has broad 
public support. Mr Unsworth ’ 
is gambling that there is; 
similar community backing' 
for legislation to make the- 
NSW judiciary more account- 
able. A Bill establishing a. 
commission to investigate 
allegations of impropriety by 
the judiciary is being hurried 
through the legislature. de- r 
spite rumblings of defiance by . 
judges and the threat of a 
constitutional crisis. 

The Bill has its detractors in « 
the community as well. Many* 
feel that though there is cer- • 
tainlv room for judicial re- 
form. the legislation is a hasty, 
measure designed to whip, up 
some badly needed electoral 
support. It does, nevertheless, 
indicate an intent which, 
amounts to more than* 

Ultimately, despite the 
present problems, shifting La-, 
bor from power in the 19th-l 
century parliament in 
Macquarie Street is not the: 
cut-and-dried issue the Liberal 
Pam - maintains. NSW has! 
been ruled by Labor for three- . 
of the last four decades. The 
party's roots go deep in the 
urban Roman Catholic 
community (it is estimated 
that half of Labors members 
are Catholics) and in rural 

The term of NSW govern- 
ments was extended to four 
years in 1984. so Mr 
Unsworth does not have to go 
to the polls unul the Austra- 
lian bicentenary. Between 
now and then, he savs his 
administration wifi be 
concentrating on solid" 
community issues: health, 
education and law and order. 

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Poised to become the Pacific banker 

Sydney which has been irans- 

pi or Australia. is poised m 
become a major financiS 
ccmrc in ihc Asia-Pacifc ^ 
E>on as ihe world ccono^ 

commucsioimcennc my 

Indeed, Australian bankers 

niche >Ul | , inL lhc c l! y 10 fin a 
c i J'" k ‘ n 8 Ihc United 

l Europran markets 

ston^im lhal - wou,d ** non- 

stop iniemauona! trading in 
f?[S’ sn currc ncics. commod- 
and financial 

•^ 0n & Sydney's advan- 
tages over ns regional rivals 
are the native use of English - 
the language of commerce — 
political Stability, a strong 
commercial legal system and 
an educated workforce that 
has embraced the latest 
changes in technology. 

Mom of ihe world's leading 
tinancial institutions arc also 
now established in Australia 
cither by a banking subsidiary, 
a merchant bank or a repre- 
sentative office. 

Australian stock markets 
a r° w ell developed, with signs 
that they are becoming more 
internationally flavoured 
bourses. Many Australian 
companies are now seeking 
listings on the London. New 
i ork and Tokyo stock ex- 

Financial groups 
are all found here 

changes, and a growing num- 
ber of offshore companies is 
after listings on the Australian 
slock exchanges. 

The Sydney futures ex- 
change. the only such ex- 
change in the country, has 
been a resounding success. 
Turnover has grown rapidly, 
particularly in financial fu- 
tures. where the value of 
transactions is now between 
three and five limes the 
turnover in the corresponding 
currency markets. 

The exchange is due to start 
trading this month in 30-year 
US treasury bonds, which 
should raise its profile further. 
Trading is also scheduled to 
start in a Eurodollar contracL 
In the banking arena, the 
federal government has ap- 
proved the establishment j>f 
offshore banking units and has 
indicated that it intends mak- 
ing several administrative 
changes to facilitate them. The 
units would deal only in pure 
offshore foreign currency 
transactions and would be 
exempt from withholding lax. 
Sydney's time zone is fun- 

damental to hopes for its 
growth as a financial centre. 
Many banks and foreign cur- 
•rency dealers arc now starting 
early, rostering shifts to start 
at A am or earlier to catch the 
tail end of trading in the US 

West C03SL 

This gives dealers a fccl for 
the market before trading 
starts in earnest in Japan. New 
Zealand and the rest of Asia. 

Several banks, indudng 
some with European offices, 
keep their foreign currency 
operations running in Austra- 
lia until the early hours of the 
morning, through the normal 
European trading time zone 
and up to about noon New 
York time. • 

The biggest competitors in 
this lime zone are Japan. 
Hong Kong and Singapore, 
but the flow of .Asian money 
into Australia gives financiers 
confidence that Sydney has an 
cdgc.Though Australia wifi 
never surpass Japan as. a 
financial centre, there arc 
hopes that Sydney can make- 
on inroad. Japan's main draw- 
back. apart from language, is 
that despite some liberaliza- 
tion its economy is still not 
fully deregulated. 

Sydney's emergence as a 
new financial centre has been 
at the expense of Melbourne, 
traditionally Australia's ecor 
□omic capital, servicing the 
manufacturing and gold min- 
ing industries, but which has 
seen its position decline along 
with manufacturing during 
ihe past two decades. 

While BHP. Australia's' 
largest and one of its oldest 
companies, maintains its 
headquarters in Melbourne, as 
docs John Elliot's rapidly- 
growing Elders IXL. Sydney 
has been favoured by most 
newcomers since the opening 
of Australia's financial mar- 
kets to 16 new banks and a 
host of merchant banks. 

Of the 33 licensed banks. 18 
have their head office in 
Sydney, compared with 10 in 
Melboumc.Of the 93 larger 
merchant banks. 73 have 
headquarters in Sydney and 
1 3 in Melbourne. Of the major 
finance companies 20 have 
chosen Sydney' as a base, but 
only three have picked 

The stockbrokers, reflecting 
tradition, are more evenly 
spread, although on a normal 
trading day the Sydney ex- 
change usually posts a higher 

David Tomlinson 

The Australian. Sydney 

The Sydney stock exchange. Its place in international time zones is of fundamental importance to its growth as a financial 
centre — 6 am starts by banks and currency dealers give them a chance to catch the tail end of US west-coast trading 

Woolly profits for duke and barons 

Although 25 per cent of New 
South Wales farmers made a 
loss in 1 983-86. there has been 
a growing investment by 
wealthly businessmen in the 
stale’s agricultural sector. Ru- 
ral landlords with multi-mil- 
lion dollar investments in 
NSW include the media bar- 
ons Rupert Murdoch and 
Keiry Packer, and inter- 
national businessman John 

Mr Murdoch paid A$3.5 
million (about £1.3 million) 
for Australia’s lamest merino 
shjep stud in 1 978. an invest- 
ment which at the time made 
his fellow News Limited direc- 
tors blanch. However, the 
acquisition of the Boonoke 
merino stud in southern NSW 
has proved justified. From 
being in the doldrums the 
wool business has become the 
most financially stable sector 
in agriculture. 

Overseas business interests 
are headed by the sixth Duke 
of .Westminster. Gerald 
Grosvenor. who spends sev- 
eral weeks every year visiting 
his sprawling Australian sheep 
station, ihe Bull’s Run. 

The duke has been joined in 
New South Wales in recent 
years by a number of wealthy 
British landowners. It is an 
acknowledgment of the pru- 
dence in investing in a politi- 
cally stable country and the 
substantial low cost advan- 

tages of NSW agriculture. 

The success of British inves- 
tors marks a distinct turning 
point in the 198 year history of 
New South Wales agriculture. 

Numerous investors, like 
the Australian Agricultural 
Company, formed in London 
by royal charter in 1 824. have 
struggled to understand the 
vagaries of- the New South. 
Wales outback. In the early 
days the Australian Agri- 

While the Australian .Agri- 
cultural Company believes 
higher profits are possible In 
the even lower cost province 
of the far north, a host of other 
business interests have slowly, 
but surely replaced the old 
squatting families who once 
dominated NSW agriculture. 

Behind the Duke of 
Westminster’s successful 
investment and that of a 
numbex-ofother overseas and 

cultural Company Pwn«L-a-' 1fia l business ventures is 
million acres in the^overeign Agricultural Investments 

state. In recent years it has 
slowly transferred most of its 
pastoral interests to northern 
Australia, where it runs a 
rapidly expanding herd of 
280.000 beef cattle. 

Australia Limited. This un- 
listed company, which keeps a 
low profile, manages 35 prop- 
erties worth A$65 million, 
mainly in New South Wales. 
The success of investors acting 

under its guidance and others, 
like Messrs Murdoch and 
Packer with the advantage of 
laigc financial resources and 
skilled management practices, 
has added a new dimension to 
the state's primary 

But despite the exploits of 
more entrepreneurial inves- 
tors. New South Wales agri- 
culture is strained to breaking 

Worst affected are wheat 
growers, who are expecting a 
crop of only 4 .5 million tonnes 
in 1986-87 compared to a 
record 8.9 million tonnes in 
I9S3-S4. More than 30 per 
cent of wheal growers will 
make a loss this financial year. 

Wool producers, on the 
other hand, are experiencing 
more prosperous times be- 
cause the wool industry, virtu- 
ally alone among large 
agricultural industries, has not 
fallen foul of the international 
trade war. 

The gross value of New 
South Wales rural production 
in 1985-86 was A$4-.536mil=“ 
lion of the national total of 
AS 1 5.5 billion. But the net 
value of only AS 1.09 1 million 
reflects the internationally un- 
competitive cost structure of 
the state's agriculture. 

Nigel Austin 

Rural writer. The Bulletin. 


Going smaller, 
growing fast 

The “for sale" advertisements 
for industrial properties tell 
the story: the big factories and 
factory sites, spread across 
many acres, sit forlornly look- 
ing for buyers who want 
working factories and not sites 

The vast site in Sydney’s 
near southern suburbs that 
once housed the. works of 
British Ley land failed to find 
any tenants willing to take 
even portions of the site. 
Instead, since 1974. it has 
acted as a repository for 
federal government stores — a 
factory drowned in 

Yet the market for small 
industrial properties has rare- 
ly been so buoyant. These 
smaller sites — more ware- 
house with office space than 
traditional saw-iooih roof fac- 
tories — house the growth 
industries of New South 
Wales: computer component 
and software manufacturers 
and assemblers. For while the 
monoliths have been strug- 
gling. and sometimes giving 
up altogether, the small entre- 
preneurs have been 

Just as motor cars are 
sourced from hundreds of 
different suppliers rather than 
the company building virtual- 
ly everything in-house, the 
major manufacturing indus- 
tries of NSW — machinery 1 , 
metal products and chemicals 
and petroleum — are able to 
choose from hundreds of 
small, independent operators 
willing to supply components 
equal to all but the most 
advanced wares from 

An instance is the small but 
growing firm Mem tech Ltd. 
which produces a range of 
ultra-fine filters for use in a 
variety of fields, from food 
filtration to separating oil 
from water in ships bilges. 
Mem tech recently went into a 
50-50 joint venture with an 
American firm to tackle the 
billion dollar US market out 
of Chicago.^ - .. . 

At present Memtech op- 
erates from a tiny office-cum- 
lab-cum- workshop out at St 
Marys. Out of this it made a 
profit of AS9.5 million (about 
£4.2 million) last year. 

Nucleus Ltd is another hi- 
tech company succeeding both 
at home and overseas. Already 
a world market leader in the 
sale of heart pacemakers. Nu- 

The Sydney 
market is 

In business, distance can often lend 

The State Bank of New South Wales 
can provide you with precisely the service 
you need to avoid misunderstandings, and 
missed opportunities. 

We can' provide expert assistance in : 
Corporate Banking Foreign Exchange, 

Capital Market Instruments, Merchant 
Banking and International Trade 

And we can be as innovative as 
you are. 

We are the only bank guaranteed 
by the Government of New South 
Wales, so we also offer absolute 

For more details contact State 
Bank of New South Wales, 

110-112 Fenchurch Street London 
EC3M 5DR. Telephone 
(01)4818000, Dealing Room 
( 01 ) 481 2999, Telex 8952331, 

Telefax (01)2650740. 

cleus. at its small premises at 
Lane Cove. Sydney's Silicon 
Valley, is geared to research. 
The Nucleus bionic ear is 
competing in a development 
race with the product of its 
rival the giant 3M company. 

Other companies are find- 
ing that niche markets can be 
profitable: Microbcc Ltd sells 
computers to Swedish and 
Russian schools: Cryofab sells 
high-pressure gas" holding 
tanks through Asia and the 
Pacific: Vapocurc has licens- 
ing agreements for its quick- 
drying industrial painting 
process in all major industrial 

Research by the Aus- 
tralian Bureau of Statistics 
shows that almost a third of 
the 360.000 workers employed 
in NSW manufacturing is in 
establishments employing less 
than 50 people. 

Most manufacturing takes 
place in the 100-milc coastal 
strip above and below Sydney, 
despite generous efiorts by the 
state government to encour- 
age decentralization into rural 
centres. Incentives for com- 
panies to move west of the 
Great Dividing Range include 
cheap land, direct subsidies 
and tax concessions. 

A few big companies have 
taken up these offers - Mars 
Corp has gone to Albury and 
Email. Australia's biggest 
white goods manufacturer, to 
Orange. Bui most people go to 
where their supplies are. The 
laboui^intensivc industries 
thus choose cither Sydney. 
Newcastle or Wollongong, the 
last two also being the centres 
of Australia's steel industry, 
thanks originally to coking 
coal deposits and port facili- 
ties nearby. 

NSW*s main manufactured 
exports are iron and steel 
products, worth AS200-300 
million a year. The state is not 
a major exporter of manufac- 
tured products and has been 
running a considerable trade 
deficit in the 1980s. Some 
office— and telecommunica- 
tions, equipment is made or 
assembled locally but imports 
of these products recently 
lopped the AS2 billion mark 
(compared to exports of the 
same items totalling, in 1984- 
S. just AS59 million). 

Phillip Jack 

Australian Business. Sydney 




S&S72S fortraMocfr Hansen 




you need to know 
business # in 


King Coal still top 

Coal is the biggest export 
earner for both New South 
Wales and Australia. Its value 
greatly eclipses other mine 
products, although significant 

lies, all the mines are con- 
trolled b> private enterprise, 
which has not been unkind to 
the miners. Their average 
income last year was AS7-0 

won their tie- berra < 0 (W.QQ (1 tonnes a year), 
mJnds ^or increased The mmeml sands iinUustry 
ma * **4-hMr shifts. B JtM m decline. Once the 

Prod u( ?»\ ,l >:. hneta and sand -dunes of 

pruuuns. oiuHHwu MSUU1V4UH - — ,, _j— 

shipments are made also of (about £ 3 1 6) a w eek 
silver-lead-zinc, sapphires, ti- twice the national average 

: i ,.-isa __ anrf tU'D mOOtilS 3gp 

tanium ores and zircon. Gold 
is due to follow- soon. 

In the last financial year. 
Australia shipped 90 million 
tonnes of coal to the world — 
49 million tonnes of mctallur- 

wage - and two months ago 
thev were granted an average 
pav rise of almost A560 a 
week. Less fortunate arc the 
miners in the once-fabulous 
silvcr-lcad-zinc mines at Bro- 

+ * 

The Commonwealth Bank was established The Commonwealth Bank has available a 

in Australia in 1912. complete range of financial services. 

The Commonwealth Bank is one of only The Commonwealth Bank lead managed 

a handful of banks worldwide to have achieved the finance for Australia’s first satellite. 

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ftyors and Moodys Investment Services Inc. Australian bank guaranteed by the Australian 
The Commonwealth Bank has a 1300 Government, 
strong network of branches around Australia. The Commonwealth Bank is the largest 

The Commonwealth Bank overcame vast money market operator in Australia, 
distances and communication problems to be The Commonwealth Bank offers a highly 

the first Australian bank to electronically link respected global foreign exchange network, 
branches coast to coast. The Commonwealth Bank was the first 

The Commonwealth Bank pioneered bank to secure a seat on the Sydney futures 

home banking in Australia. exchange. 

The Commonwealth Bank offers a local The Commonwealth Bank handles most 

knowledge of everything from our urban of Australia’s top 100 companies, 

markets to the vast rural and highly specialised The Commonwealth Bank is the leader in 

mining opportunities. Australian banking technology. 

The Commonwealth Bank has offices in The Commonwealth Bank is Australia’s 

New York, Los Angeles, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, • leading bank. 

Tokyo, Chicago, London and Singapore. 

The Commonwealth Bank employs a 
professional domestic and international staff in 
excess of 36,000. 

For further information contact our London office, 8 Oldjewry, London, EC2R 8ED,UK. tel (01)600 0822, telex 8838 W. 
(Head Office) Sydney, Australia. Also offices in Frankfurt, New York, Chicago, Los Angeles, Tokyo, Hong Kong and 


Australia’s leading bank. 

! Vi minion ionirc> u* r .. 

gira! coal and the rest steam- ken Hill. where the grades are 
mg coal neariv half of it going declining and reserves will run 
to Japan. NSlV accounted for out early in the next 5 cnlu *-* 
41 million tonnes of that total. The wo remaining com- 

slighily less than Queensland, janies on the hil . Norm 
The federal government re- Broken Hill Holdings ano 
centlv relaxed controls on Conzinc Riotinto of Australia, 
exports and pricing, a move employ 3,000 miners. Uon- 
Uiat will favour Australia’s tract miners wn _ between 
largest and most efficient min- AS470 and AS63Q for a 
eis. allowing them to increase hour week, 
exports, according to an in- In Julv. a two-month strike 
dusiry forecast, by AS1 billion ended after the mining com- 

during the next two years. 

Twentv-thousand miners ^ 

work the’NSW deposits. Sixty ‘ ; >. 

per cent of production comes . (fogt* 

from underground mines and ^ £, 

the rest from open pits. . ALg 

Apart from a few deposits in 

the hands of the domestic ggf ' 

electricity generating authori- K s jBft 3 

Luring the 

New South Wales has tra- 
ditionally been Australia's 
mam centre for visitors, both 
international and domestic. 
Despite the s ig ni fic an t in- 
crease in tourism to Western 
Australia and Queensland, 
and the establishment of inter- 
national airports in those 
states, NSW retains its mar- 
ket leadership. 

The state's share of over- 
seas tourism for the last year 
of fuD statistics, 1984-85, was 
30 per cent compared with 22 
per cent for Victoria, 20 per 
! cent for Queensland and 11 
per cent for Western 

Two factors bode well for 
the future. Sydney's emer- 
gence as a Pacific financial 
centre and the state's diverse 
range of attractions — almost 
1,000 miles of Pacific coast, 
with fine beaches, swimming, 
surfing and fishing; the dusty 
outbade, and the historic min- 
ing town of Broken Hill; and 
the Snowy Mountains, a win- 
ter ski-resort region. 

Sydney, a dty both da shin g 
and beautiful, has flourished 

nroouL M 

an end to overmanning and 
restrictive work 

redundancies that will cinca 

third off the j.DOft workforce 
remaining on the mines. 

The mining companies ex- 
pect to lose A$54 million this 
Jcaron the mines due to low 
metal prices, declining grades 
and rising costs. A* — — 
million tonnes of ore a year, 
the hill’s output is less than a 
quarter the sire of the world s 
largest producer. Mt Isa Mines 
Queensland. Productivity per 
man. at 1 .(MOjonncS^wr. is 

less than a third that of the Mt 

Isa mmc. . . 

Two lesser operations 
silvcr-lcad-zinc ores — wood- 
land <1.2 million tonnes a 
year) and Elura, near Can- 

gs5W>vJ2nfc- - - -- ^ ■■ 

Sporting state : A SIT can qffer visitors a range of activities 
from surfing to skiing 

during the last decade amid a 
programme to restore its his- 
toric aspect. A development of 
parting Harbour, to be com- 
pleted in time for the bi- 
centenary of European 
settlement in 1988. has pro- 
voked intense controversy 
(mainly because of a proposed 
monorail link to the city). 

But then so did the design 
for the opera house, which has 
become the distinctive feature 
of the magnificent harbour 
view and Australia's most- 
visited tourist attraction. 

Sydney's problem is top 
quality hotel accommodation. 
The city has dozens of per- 

fectly comfortable standard- 
feature motor inns, but is 
chronically short of Inter- 
national hotels. The opening 
of an Intercontinental last year 
brought the number to 11. bnt 
the rate of building is not 
matching the increase in 

The ubiquitous ness of the 
.Australian motor inn reveals a 
noteworthy feature of tourism 
here. Most travellers are 

Though total expenditure by 
tourists in 1 984-85 wa s cs- 
timated at ASl&S bfflioo 
(about £&2 billion) - or a 
healthy 4JB per cent of gross 

fHSkftffli and sand -dunes of. 
NSW and southern Queen* 
land were the world's freauM 
utthv of rutile and niton. 
Production now of levs than 
;mUV0 tonnes of nrtikr a sew 
is levs than half ihw of 10 
seats ago. pants because of 
the exhaustion of deposits, hut 
tnrieJMngly due to environ- 
mental pressures w limit min- 
ing development. One bright 
hope for the NSW mining 
industrj is goW- 
1 he nsc in the *orW pnre 
has encouraged new c\pk»»* 
uun with modern technology 
and earls this war a producing 
mine was nstpened « <■> 
uarrj Creek south of Can- 
berra. v biwer meet, 
discovered by BP Auwalwx 
SeliruM sulwdiars at Temora 
in the south of the Mate, will 
Mton come on stream to 

produce 56.00** or a year and 
many other promising pro* 
peels are emerging. 

David Haselhurst 

Finance Editor. The Bulletin. 


domestic product - inter- 
national risit«* were respon- 
sible for only 14 per t»tt of 
that. NSW* share flf the 
expenditure was abort .*56 

NSW tourism ctwa*fe»kw 
offices in Auckland. Uodn. 
Los Angeks and Tokyo bate 
the responsibility of improriuR 
those figures. 

While the oft-quoted tyr- 
anny of Australian distances 
(both internally and foam Its 
neighbours) is bemoaned by 
tour operators, ft can work to 
the state's advantage, as many 
of the most attractive destina- 
tions (such as the Bine Moun- 
tains or the Hunter Valley) are 
a day's excursion from 

New Zealand (22 per cent of 
visitor traffic) and Britain (M 
per cert) are the traditional 
sources of tourism. But much 
of this traffic foils into the 
category of “visiting friends 
and rotations" and b haring 
less Impact than Increasing 
Pacific region arrivals, specifi- 
cally from the l‘S (18 per cent) 
and Japan (10 per cent). An 
estimated 90 per cent of 
Japanese visitor* make stop- 
overs hi Sydney. 


Tb most of us, “Follow the Leader” is a game 

where the players imitate the actions of the leaden 

S imilar ly, the transport game. 

Over the past twenty-five years, the leader in 

transportation has been revolutionising systems 

throughout the world, setting the standard others 

continue to follow. The leaden 

TNT. The Worldwide Transportation Group. 

In the United Kingdom, the TNT organisation 

employs over 4,000 people, delivering the most 

efficient door-to-door transportation system at 

home, in Europe and the world. 

Anetwork capable of distributing over 250,000 

urgent parcels daily from Atherstone, via a fully 

Integrated computer system. 

In the air On the road By rail. By sea. 

Whatever your transportation need. Follow 

the leaden 


Telephone: (08277) 5311. 


Telephone: (08277) 5311 


Tfelephone: (08277) 5311. 


Telephone: (08277) 537L 



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Telephone: (0254) 382171. 



Tfelephone: (0784) 259131. 


Telephone: (08277) 5322. 


Tfelephone: (070682) Toll. 



Telephone: (0533) 607768. 


The Worldwide 

Transportation Group 

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Telephone: (082T7) 5311. Telex: 841008 TNT UK. Telefax: (08277) 28311 

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^6 sue a long gtfaMtAxt major 
City l egal practice which provides a 
^^uptfefaensive service to a wide range 
of clients of whom the majority aw» 
based overseas. 

We seek to recruit a suitably 
q uali fied and experienced solicitor 
of partnership calibre to develop 
die commercial adjects of 
our Property Department. 

The ideal 

will be a commercial w/\ 7~~l 

lawyer with at least two years post 
admission experience in this field, 
good academic background, proven 
ability and sound business acumen. ' 
The salary and benefits for this 
appointment are very attractive and 
career prospects ate excellent. Please 
apply with full CV quoting 
JH/I37: to John Hamilton, 
15-16 America Square, 
London EC3N2LA 
r ^ \V Teh 01-481 8314 . 

John Hamilton Associates 

Management 6c Recruitment Consultants 

Commercial Property/Property Development 

Central London 

Prospects for Partnership 

Haro you an established track record in 
Commercial P r o p ert y and/or Property 
Development? Are you p olishe d, de- 
cisive, commercially aware and good 
with people? Do you have the ambition, 
drive and enthusiasm to take major 
responsibility now - not wait lor 
seeming eternity? You aie the refor e, 

Xged 28-34 and a quailed Knl jcfrnr you 
are highly motivated by the prospect erf 
taking full responsibility for transactions 
from conception to completion. This 

law. It now wishes to recruit an indi- 
vidual of high net worth whose views 
and opinions -will be sought after and 

firm of Solicitors has an impressive 
'client list and specialises in p rop erty 

and opinions will be sought after and 
valued. • 

Salary will not be a barrier to the right 
person and there is a genuine desire for 
the successful ca n di d a t e to progres s to 
equity partnership. Additionally, the 
package includes an a t tractive perfor- 
mance related bonus. 

Please writ e, in complete confident, 
with full c.v. to Vincent T homas , of 
Cripps, Sears & Associates TjmifoH. 
Personnel Management Consultants, 
International Buildings, 71 Kingsway, 
London WC2B6ST Tel; 01-4045701. 




We are a young. Jive partner firm, in 
the West End who specialise in all 
aspects of the Music and Entertain- 
ment industry. 

We are looking for a recently qualified 
Litigation Solicitor to assist our Litiga- 
tion Partner in all aspects of High 
Court Litigation. The work is high 
pressured and exciting and there are 
definite partnership prospects. 
Please send your CV to Brian Howard, 
RusseHs, Regency House, 1/4 Warwick 
Street, London W1. 






We are seeking young lawyers, 
with a corporate and finance 
background, to work on a wide 
variety of commercial and 
finance matters. 




The work is demanding and 
the salary and benefits are 
excellent For the right 
candidates prospects in this 
growing firm are very good 

Young Solicitors sought to form 
the nucleus of the next generation 
of Partners in a busy general 
practice. This is a unique 
opportunity to join and 
subsequently inherit a long 
established family firm. 

Please mite with full curriculum vitae to: 

Alastair R. Dickson, 
Dickson Minto W. 

6/7 Gough Square, 
EC4A 3DE. 

London salary rates plus fringe 
benefits for the right applicants 
with a view to an early partnership. 

Applications in writing with CV to: 
Michael Todman, 

F.D. Todman & Sons 
15 High Street, 

SS6 7ET. 

Epsom Solicitors 

with well established family practice at 
three offices in the area urgently need 
bright and energetic Assistant Solici- 
tors -or Legal Executives to work in the 
friendly atmosphere of their expanding 

Commerical/Residential/Probate de- 
partments. Salary up to £20,000 
according to ability and experience. 

Please apply with C.V. to: 

A.R. Drummond & Co. of 

45/53 High Street, 
Epsom, Surrey. 
KT19 8DF. 

Telephone No: 
(03727) 25291 



Senior Assistant 

Salary - £16,776 - £17,916 

A new post of Senior Assistant Solicitor has 
been created as part of a recent review of 
the Senior Management Structure of the De- 

tration, and is therefore a rare opportunity 
for an ambitious young Solicitor with suit- 
able experience to further his/her career at 
the highest levels in a major local Authority. 

Winchester is attractively located with: 

★ Excellent sporting and cultural amenities. 

★ Ready access to coast and countryside. 

Relocation expenses up to £3,000 plus re- 
moval and disturbance allowances payable. 

The County Council pursues a policy of 
equality of opportunity. Applications particu- 
larly welcome from people with disabilities. 

Further details and application forms from 
The County Secretary, The Castle, Winches- 
ter. Hampshire S023 8UJ or telephone 
Winchester <0962) 54411, Extension 225. 

Closing date: 21st November, -1986. 


A small ambiuous firm o f 

Strand requires two first rateseoreiaru^ 

one for Company/Conveyanctng, the other 
for general work. 



Salary’ at Ieasl 

More for an outstanding applicant 

Please telephone Pat 01 353-3815 

Tuck & Mann require an Assistant 
Solicitor with up to three years 
experience for conveyancing and 
other non contentious work. 
^TNGood salary. 

ILli Telephone: NJ5- Benger 
ijTr 0372 374148 








SALARY: £13,116 - £14,121 p.a. 
(including £1,362 London Weighting) 

To assist the Deputy Director of Finance, Admin 
and Legal Services & Solicitor and Principal 
Solicitor In' discharging the department's 
functions which include pfenning, conveyancing, 
litigation and advising other departments on 
legal matters. The major part of the postfiolder's 
duties will be the conduct of planning appeals 
and commercial development work. 

Applicants should, ideally, be practising 
Solicitors: however, consideration will be given 
to Fellows of the Institute of Legal Executives 
with the relevant experience. Considerable 
previous experience in the Legal Department of 
a public sector organisation would be an 

The post is permanent and superannuate and 
conditions of service . include Luncheon 
Vouchers to the value' of £30 monthly. Accident 
and Life Assurance and relocation expenses 
where appropriate. 

Further details and applications forms available 
from and to be returned to:- 

Director of Finance. Admin & Legal Services 
(Ref L1Q). Commission for the New Towns, 
Sen House, Stag Place, Victoria, London SW1E 
5AJ Tel: 01-828 7722 Ext 319 

Closing date: 17th November 1986. 

The Research Centre for 
International Law, 

5 Cra inner Rd, Cambridge CB3 9BL 
Telephone: (0223) 335358 

TTk U m of di Centre is a Univers i t y institution 
engaged ■ its own research protects. These currently 
indude processing approximately 4500 pans a year of 
documents and legal teds n book fans. It a, inter aia, 
responsible for the preparation of the leading collection of 
international low cases, the In tern ational Lew Reports. 

The Research Centre is looking for a senior editorial 
assistant to work on aRphases of the production of these 
publications. Tasks wifl indude the identi fi cation and 

If one day we talk, 
it will be 

inyour language. 

Specialist knowledge and expertise are 
the key commodities in today's Legal 
PVofessioa As an established consultancy 
we have learnt this lesson well and our 
services are known to many of the more 
dynamic individuals and practices. V\fe are 
therefore ideally placed to contribute to 
your career development and no-one has 
a deeper understanding of this highly 
specialised sector than we da Our 
services, highly valued by many leading 
practices offering top quality work with 
first class clients, combine wide ex- 
perience of the Legal Profession with 
acknowledged expertise in the 

subtleties of foe selection process. 

We appreciate foe importance of foe right 
association, providing you with a fresh 
challenge a stimulating environment and 
fo e opportunity to “win your spurs' within 
a realistic timetable whilst not becoming 
too specialised too soon. And because 
our broad client-base has been built on 
professionalism and trust foeres one 
other thing we can guarantee. 

Absolute discretion 

So feel free to contact me James Davis, 
and arrange an informal meeting. 





160 New Bond Street 
London WIY OHR England 
Telephone 01-629 4Z26 
Fax 01-491 7459 
Telex 298942 

publications. Tasks wifl metude the identi fi cation and 
election of suitable materials, preparation of su mmaries 
of jodgaaits, checking of references , co mpil ation of 
tables and treaties, aia pr oo freading. 

A specialist knowledge of international low is 
essential and prefe r ub ly some academic or pr o f ession a l 

The part requkes a high degree of literacy (with 

EngTab as a first language), concern for detail, managerial 
dull and ability to net on with people. 

dull and ability to get on with people. 

Applications, is the form of a letter with a curricaltun 
vitae and the acmes of two referees, should be sent to the 
Assistant Director by 14 Nov em b e r 1966. 


Solicitors to be Admitted fn the' New Year/ 



Interesting opportunities 




Salary negotiable to around 
£20,000 per annum plus car 

Whitbread Trading, a progressive, 
autonomous division within 

Stimulating environments 
Challenging workloads 

Extremely attractive salaries 
Locations: City, Central, West End 

Whitbread & Company pic, wishes to 
appoint a solicitor to manage a small 
department dealing with commercial 
mortgage and conveyancing work and 
to provide advice to senior commercial 
ana financial management on general 
legal matters. . 

The successful candidate will ^ 
demonstrate an ability to handle , 

people at all levels. Career HST 11 1 

prospects within the ‘ j 

company are excellent Age • 
will not be a M 

limiting factor for the right person. 

In addition to a negotiable salary; 
the company offers a car, contributory 
pension scheme, relocation assistance 
and other benefits commensurate with 
an organisation of this standing. 

4gw 'Personnel Mk 

Staff enornltctt HI Hm lanil wmfo ep'ifm i —irt if 'ill 


To find out more, male or female 
candidates please call Bill Cogle on 
061 834 4 191 (office) or 0484 641529 
(evenings after 7pm); or write 
1/42 to him. at Austin Knight 
Selection, Ref P244, 
35 Peter Street, Manchester 
M2 5GD. 

Staff specialists to ttn legal profession worldwide 

95 Aldwydi. London WC2B 4JF. Tib 01-242 1281 
(anapbone after office hoars) 


Assistant Group 
Secretary (Legal) 



Central London: £ attractive + car 

TTie merger of BHS and Habitat Mothercare under the name 
Storehouse has resulted in a well-balanced, highly profitable UK 
and international retail group with a turnover exceeding £1.05 


Within the group secretariat, a key component of central 
management, a new post has been created aimed at reinforcing 
the legal expertise of the department The main areas of activity 
are assistance to the Group Secretary on acquisitions and 
financing operations, general legal compliance, intellectual 
property, and legal aspects of share schemes. 

Candidates should be solicitors, or possibly barristers, aged up 
to 35 with at least 2 years appropriate experience. Involvement in 
some of the areas covered is necessary, as is the ability to cope 
with the requirements of an energetic and talented senior 
management team. Prospects for personal development are 

An attractive package is offered, with excellent fringe benefits. 
Please write - in confidence - stating how you meet the 
requirement and your current salary to Robin Fletcher, ref. 



Our Client, an eminent city practice with 
top quality work load, offers an exciting 
opportunity for a Lawyer with energy and 
enthusiasm to work within a stimulating 
environment The atmosphere is congenial 
and the working conditions good Candidates 
are asked to contact James Davis in complete 
confidence. (Re£ V100) 

MSL International, 52 Grosvsnor Gardens, London SW1W0AW. 

OtnoesnBmoB, thBAmneas.AusmasaBnlABePaeac. 


HH5L International 

Executive Search and Selection 



160 New Bond Street 
London WIY OHR England 
Telephone 01-629 4226 
Fax 01-49 1 7459 • 
Telex 298942 



Expanding practise in Bayswater requires commer- 
cially .orientated solicitor probably recently qualified 
for conveyancing and other non contentious work. 
We are offering a competitive salary, 4 weeks boll? 

day. annual bonus and friendly working environ- 
ment Please write with CV (ref MC/RC) to ■ 

mem. Please write with CV (ref MC/RC) to 

The Partnership Secretary, 
Edmonds Bowen & Co., 
10 Needham Rd. f 
London W11 2RP. 
Telephone 01 229 9181. 


Require young Solicitor or unadmitted 
person for general litigation work at their 
Basildon Office. Salary c £1 1-12000 with 
good prospects to the right applicant 
Mainly matrimonial work. Apply A3. 


TWjurrrd for a very busy common hr* litraiioo praetor m 
Croydon. The applKani mus be of al has 3 years admission 
»d capable Of manapit* a branch of Ibis and administering 
legal aid costs, vt ability 10 do some conveyancing would be 
an adjutage bid the practise currently has do conveyancing 

Satan will be commensurate with experienc 
scheme wll be offered in addition so salary I 
lu tracer of die linn. 

A profii sharing 
B«laa the 


This v. an opportunity for a young, energetic, ambitions sofio- 
lor id join a hard working team in a conunuallv expanding 
firm and 10 receive full recognition orhh/ber contribution. No 
capital will he required to uke up any partnership offer which 
may be made uuhio moainL 

Telephone ref JRD/RL 
5311 or after 8pm 01-61 

01-S43 5311 or after 8pm 01-669 0653 

Tin f* n o 




A promotion opportunity! 


You’re either a Principal Assistant or a Senior Court Ci&k at the 
moment In any event, you’re looking for promotion. 

A Solicitor or Barrister with extensive Court Office experience! 
you're now eager to take on additional responsibilities - including 
those of assisting the Clerk in training Magistrates and Staff. If you 
also have experience of computerised office systems, so much the 

A dean driving licence is a prerequisite (you will have a lot of 
travelling to do around the North East Leicestershire region)- Based 
at Loughborough, you will also serveMefcon Mowbray and Ru tiand 


Starting salary will be in the region of £15584 per annum, rising by 
three annual increments to £17,136 (pay award pending)* An 
Essential Car User Allowance will be given, plus car loan/lease 
f acilities if required plus generous relocation expenses where 

If you think your background and experience meets our 
requirements - and you’re looking for promotion with plenty of 
variety and scope— then apply in the first instance for an application 
form to Mrs. K. Tolton on Leicester (0533) 549922 ext 7803. 
Leicestershire Magistrates’ Courts Committee, FO Box 1, 
Town Hall, Leicester LEI 9BE. 

ringin g date for receipt of completed application forms is 
Friday, November 14th, 1986. 

Leeal Adviseds Assistant 

The Financial Services and Trust Division, of 
Lloyds Bank Pic has a vacancy at management level 
within the Legal Section of its Chief Office at 
Haywards Heath. 

The main function of the post is to liaise with 
the Legal Adviser and his small team of lawyers in 
giving advice on the many and varied problems 
which can arise not only in the more traditional area 
of the administration of estates and trusts but also in ' 
the fast developing Geld of wide-ranging financial 

Applicants must already be qualified solicitors 
or barristers, preferably with post-admission 
practical experience (although recently admitted 
solicitors with suitable experience in Articles or 
recently called barristers with suitable experience 
in Chancery/Tax Chambers will be considered) and 
have an np-to-date knowledge of developments in 
statute and case law. The successful applicant will 
be in his or her mid or late twenties and have the 
ability to communicate effectively (in giving both 
written and oral advice), to react quickly in giving 
that advice and to undertake research. 

The starting salary is £16,850 and is 
augmented by other benefiis including a 
contributory pension, a profit-sharing scheme, an 
annual bonus, a subsidised mortgage and a loan 

Applications, quoting qualifications, age and 
experience should be sent to: 

RP. Towns 
Legal Adviser 
Lloyds Bank Pic 

Financial Services and Trust Division 

Capital House 

1-5 Perrymount Road 

Haywards Heath 

West Sussex RH16 3SP. 






35 Mew Broad Street:, London HG2IV1 'l MH 
Tel: Q1-588 35SS or Q 1 -5SS 35*76 
Telex Mo. 887374 Fax Mo. 0 1 - 63S 92 1 6 

Excellent opportunity for fop flight U&tiained lawyer who is interested in a long term London career 





We invite applications from lawyers, admitted to practice in the State ot New York, with strong academic credentials, who must have been 
practising for at least sot years, who have a securities law background and who have ted experience in the Euro-securities markets, prefe r a b ly 
in London. The selected cantfidatB wil writ as a senior lawyer in the firm's London office and wil have primary responsibility tor thefrm's 
representation m London ot issuers and underwrites in Eurobond, Eurocommarcial paper and other Euro-securities transactions, and w9 also 
be expected to participate to the firm's London-based US securities practice. Essential personal quafities are: the stature and maturity!© 
participate in the management of the London office; Ihe willingness and abiSty to train young associates and the capabitity to maintain and 
develop established client relationships in a creative and professional manner. The position is not Entiled to US nationals. The highly attractive 
re m u neration package wi be negotiable and win be taBored to be of special Merest to highly quaBfied legal talent Applications in strict 
confidence under reference SL1839Q/TT wiB be forwarded unopened to our dient unless you list companies to wtticb they should not be sent in 
a covering letter marked for the attention of ihe Security Manager. 



Assistant Law Draftsman 

Salary circa up to £21,343 

Jersey is a self-governing Island with its own elected 
( GQ Sfa tll ^r of mAmhaiV IF 

independent o 
except defence _ . 

Administration is run 
Elected Members of th _ 

Service. Ail the principal committees have the statutory 
authority to promote legislation, both principal and 

As a member of a small team, the Assistant Law Draft- 
sman will be expected to draft, without detailed super- 
vision. all items of legislation, which are enacted by 
committees of the States or the States itself. 

Applicants should be over 35 years of age and should 
be qualified either as a Barrister or Solicitor with at 
least ten years practical legal experience, five years of 
which should have been spent fn the field of legislative 

The appointment will be on a permanent basis or for a 
contract of five years duration. 

Application form aod job description available tram 
the States Personnel Department Cyril le Marquand 
House, P.0. Box 600, The Parade, SL Heller. Jersey, 
CJ. Telephone 0534 79111 ext 135. Closing date 
14th November 1986. 

Household Mortgage Corporation^ 



LINFORD BROWNS of Magnolia House, 
Exmouth. are one of the larger firms of Solicitors 
in East Devon and due to continuing expansion in 
modern offices seefc- 

a SOLICITOR for the litigation department 
in which two Partners are already engaged 
full time. 

a SOLICITOR to assist with domestic and 
commercial conveyancing. 

the Probate/Tmst department which also 
deals with tile management of Clients’ gen- 
eral aflairc and investments and personal 

The salaries offered will be realistic and relative to 
the experience of the applicant. Future prospects 
depend on the applicant Pension arrangements 
will be offered/honoured as the circumstances may 

If interested please write with C.V. to: 

Mr, R-J- Dane, 
Linford Browns, 
Magnolia House, 
Church Street, 
Exmouth, Devon 
EX8 1HQ. 

£ 20 - 30,000 

The Household Mortgage Corporation is a 
recently formed organisation specialising in the 
provision and service of house mortgage finance 
throughoutthe UK. In orderto consolidate the legal 
side of their operation they need to appoint a 
qualified solicitorto work at their Head Office at 
High Wycombe. 

The ideal candidate would be around 30 with 
some experience of legislation on consumer credit 
and a sound background in conveyancing. He or she 
should have a current Practising Certificate and 
could be engaged presently in a financial services 

A salary negotiable between £ 20-30,000 is 
offered together with an attractive benefits package. 
The position has considerable potential for 

Resumes should be sent in strict confidence to 
the Consultants handling the appointment atthe 
address below: 

The Wei beck Group Limited, Panton House, 

25 Haymarket, London SW1 Y4EN. 

The Welbeck Group 

\jdrid Duffy Considtam 


Clyde & Co 

Independently-minded lawyers 

Clvde & Co. is a medium-sized specialist commercial firm with offices 
in London. Guildford and Hong Kong. Our Clients include a wide « an* 
of foreign and UK companies engaged in all aspects ot “ 

commerce around the world. Our work is mainly fitigious. with nwtw 


cases being conducted abroad. 

Because of growth we need four more Solicitors, two for our 
office and two for our Guildford office. Two ul the vacancies (one ui C* h 
office) are for people who would handle a wide range of 
matters. One vacancy’ (in Guildford) involves work with an on P»-‘- is 
on insurance policy disputes, mainly marine. The other **. 
London ) is for someone to deal mainly with rei nsurancc pi ublems. 
There will be opportunities for foreign travel, and work in our Hun*, 
Kong office. We offer you stimulating work in a friendly office, witn a 
competitive salary and exceptionally good prospects. f 

If von are ambitious, have a good academic background and a seitive ul 
humour, write, quoting reference 2159, to our Consultant Mrs Indira 
Brown, 6 Westminster Palace Gardens. Artillery Row - , London 
SW1P IRL or if you would like to discuss this opportunity phone me on 
01-222 5555, or on 01-480 6666 between S.30 p.m. and 9.30 p.m. 







With a legal bias 


With a turnover m excess of £300 million BUPA ranks as 
Britain’s leading private health care organisation. It is a 
diverse and expanding group of companies with services 
ranging from health insurance, hospitals, medical centres 
and nursing agencies to medical research, fitness 
assessment and care for the elderly. 

We have decided to strengthen our legal team and require 
an additional young Secretarial Assistant whose chief 
responsibilities will be to resolve litigious matters, advise 
on problems and disputes and undertake some commercial 
conveyancing work. 

Aged 25-30, applicants must be solicitors with at least fi-12 
months’ post qualification experience. A background In 
insurance would be an obvious advantage. 

Benefitsinclude free BUPA and Life Assurance, 
mortgage subsidy, contributory pension scheme, interest- 
free season ticket loan and subsidised staff restaurant. 

Please apply in writingendosirtgafull C.V. to: 

Sirs M. Monaghan. Personnel Manager (Group), BUPA, 
Provident House, Essex Street, London WC2R3AX. 
TeL 01-3535212. 


Britain feels better for it 


The services of the world's largest motoring ornanisatu 
don't stop wife our famous roadside assistance. Members 


also able to obtain a range of other services, including free legal 
advice on ail aspects of motoring law, free legal representation in 
the Magistrates Courts relating to motoring offences, and Claims 
Recovery Service. 

Due to internal promotion a vacancy has arisen fora Legal 
Advisor in the Legal Department at our Regional Headquarters 
In Twickenham. The successful applicant would be expected to 
advise AA members over the telephone and by correspondence 
on all legal problems arising from the use and ownership of 
motor vehicles and, in certain cases, negotiate on their behalf. 

The work is predominantly concerned with contractual law, 
hire purchase, tort, motor insurance and motoring law generally. 

Applicants should therefore have a knowledge of contract 
and insurance law preferably with a recently obtained law 
degree, or an equivalent qualification. Experience in the 
negotiations of motor claims would also be desirable although 
training will be given. 

This varied and interesting post carries a commencing salary 
of £9196 OnciudrngLondon Weighting), and will attract the full 
range of AA benefits. 

For an application form, please telephone the Personnel 

Department on 01 -891 4172 quoting ref. A/4808. 



Ifs great to know you belong. 



Due to expansion, our client is recruiting at ail 

i- r .i ■ i /■* . ... 

levels for ihdr busy Contpony/Commercial, Uti- 
crcial Property and Entertainment 

gallon. Commercial Property 
Departments. Candidates should have top A level 
grades, good university degree, experience with 
either City or large provincial firm and have the 
ability to relate well to high profile clients. An 
opportunity to work on varied and interesting 
caseload with one of the most prestigious City 
firms. Excellent prospects for the right person. 

For further information please contact:- 
Claire Wiseman 

GDC (Professional) Ltd 
31 Southampton Row 

Teh 01-831 2288 

(evenings & weekends 01-740 0289) 

Meredith Scott 


Medium sized EC4 practice requires solicitor with 
•deafly one to six years experience gained in or out 


nwwnum live years 

from a £30,000 

wefl regarded ECZ practice. 

for sofldror probabJy 
30's, with 

and in early 

PENSIONS c£28,000 

Leading City practice in this field, seeks lawyer with 
at least two years experience. 


Well respected City firm requires solicitor up to three 
years qualified, for quality work much of it 


Residential, some commercial if desired. Suit rela- 
tively newly qualified, seeking experience with 
reputable city firm. 

Meredith Scott Recruitment 
17 Fleet Street, London EC4Y IAA 
01-583 0055 or 01-541 3897 (after office hrs) 


Salary up to £16,749 p.a. inclusive 

These posts are in a busy Legal Department of a 
large London Borough and the new occupants wilt 
undertake a wide variety of work over the whole field 
of the Council's functions with emphasis on litigation 
at all levels including Commercial. Candidates must 
have a positive ana constructive approach and be 
able to work without supervision and whilst 
knowledge of Local Government Law would be 
advantageous it is not essential. An experienced 

Legal Executive would be considered for «ie of these 
posts. Starting salary dependant upon qualifications 
and experience. 

Application forms for the above posts re f erenc e 
number LA/14/45X ara ave8aMe from the Personnel 

Division, Civic Centre. Uxbridge, Middlesex. UB8 
iuw. Telephone Uxbridge 50589(24 hour answei 
service evaaeUe). Closing date 14 November 1: 

London Soroygn o ‘ 


Seatons from 

lanea persons 

wil be 

uiu^ T»mpi Co 20 ph. 
on nunml'i up lo 1.10.800 P», 
S* LiPWWn Ul 01 

**A“XCwk» Clerks/ l. -mi r \ 

Winn*-* inimiiil |.u 

f «nn <■% him inti/Pi iiImH* 1M141 1 
•"‘■•'I' w IT;- inj, imp r*im 

* ‘ In llll\ U’E. 




The Finance Houses Association and the 
Equipment Leasing Association represent 
the interests of instalment credit compa- 
nies and equipment lessors. 

The Associations invite applications for the 
post of Assistant Secretary to ba responsi- 
ble for a number of committees dealing 
with legal matters. The successful candi- 
date wifi probably have a legal qualification 
and wiU have had the experience to enable 
h'un or her to research and develop argu- 
ments, both orally and in writing, to support 
of the Associations 1 representations to the 
authorities on a wide range of legal 

The duties of the post Indude creating 
agendas and supporting documents for 
committee meetings, attending commit- 
tees, preparing minutes and executing 
committee decisions. Knowledge of the 
law and practice of i n st alm ent credit and 
leasing, and bade association experience 
would be an advantage but are not 

Safety according to age and experience. A 
pension scheme will be provided 
Applications with fuU details should be sent 
under personal cover to: 

The Director-Secretary 
Finance House A ss oc ia tion 
IS Upper Grosvenor Street 
London W1X 9PB 


• Ik 



Solicitor required to assist 
and develop own following 
in busy litigation 
department. Would suit 
newly qualified solicitor 
seeking career advancement 
Attractive package to 
successful applicant. 
Apply with GFL to 
Michael Turner. 

BR1 1RW 


We are a busy, well established Market 
Town firm who seek ambitious and en- 
thusiastic Solicitors and Legal 
Executives to handle wide range of 
conveyancing or matrimonial litiga- 
tion. W e cannot offer a quiet life, but 
we can offer a superb working environ- 
ment attractive salary, good prospects 
ana fringe benefits. 

Write lo us at 

Basset Chambers, Camborne, 
Cornwall TR14 8SG, or telephone 
0209 712454. 



c. £30,000 pa 

A major international hotel company is 
seeking an experienced commercial lawyer 
to act as sok lawyer to their Eurotratn 
Headquarters m London. Work will include 
the development of new hotels, joint 
ventures, corporate work, and kSS| 
projects. (Rec. Con.) * wc " 1 

74 Lons Lane. LoiuLm fcC t Tel: OrrM q AT , . 

- — 2&£8i5s 




»S " 


'■ ° N AL INj 




f&fV&UUltl Hit!- ki <,r 
ftfr&Khfciv ,* u i.* 5 . 

Msr-lUtyHii^ . u-n'! : 

for i*;,. \ , „. ■ 
bt i'rn&M w\ u ,* ic , ! 

sfe 1 lii;!:.,., . , 

VVl*V\s tih rin 
1 Tfa: i^ r v. u . e , k . 
'ffcMtatHt'i jilt »l»i. •»■ 

Mm i, >11 ii|,- } 

ijfrlOtwih V -.V • 

£fkvi*. ' 

n»1( \ ,_-. 

f t f«ft*ulf.ttti \J; • i; . 

IW. \ , . ;.• 

fri»irtuiiifv piv=:-u } .. 
m ami^An p.<, 


eg* Energetic yotmg lawyers are required bp this medium steed 

w^dm^ 5 * 6 * 0 " 3 to a raptdV «qwiduis Q® prad*w for its expanding company/ conuiienJa l 

posJtonT™u 5 s M opportunity. tdedju foe post quBfifiartlonopetteiK* and are 
candWateB^wT ®? „ reCent V qualified soliritor and to tOmams.' xqumom. management buy-outs, 
^andtheu*Lfc?J? 2 yeai * <****««* with a London cwporat* finance andmo* o&er areas of City related 

mattera. ^coueraran^ofqua%c on aiHgci a t t * OT ^- 



INDUSTRY from £35,000 + bonus + bens 

p Mt nnn Eminent stockbroker reds experienced Corporate 

Major blue chmrrTr^erT^Z 0 ^ . finandos aged between 28 and 33 *o join Ms rapidly 

a wide to and * B,rtBte e3 9 an ^riepamoematMana 9 enalteu^ 

emptmcg nrfr n , ?! Nial uwir with particular wifi be numerate qualified buyers with up to £ years 

and benefits m markets. Salary relevant experience, gained in the Corporate Finance 

F ?™ ch experience of cancW^. Dapartmetttofale^ 

rordetaib of there and other postions, ptea»a>ntJKl4®l«Csie«.Jai^ftnDer or UeaTOen*. 

Legal and Financial Recruitment Specialists 
16-18 New Bridge St. London EC4V6AU Telephone: 01-583 0073 

Career opportunities for young 


Bakes & M 9 Kenzie 



We need a skilled construction lawyer with not less than 
two years post qualification experience. The work is 
essentially non-contentious, including negotiation and 
advice on implementation of contracts, many of a non- 
standard nature. Much of the work, both building and 
engineering, has an international flavour with the 
opportunity to work with certain of our overseas 

This is an area of considerable growth in our practice 
and we are looking for someone who, in return for an 
excellent salary and benefits, is capable of making a 
major contribution to its development. 

If you think yon are suitable, please write sending 
a copy of your curriculum vitae to 
Blair Wallace, Baker & McKenzie, Aldwych House, 
Aldwych, London WC2B 4JP. 

association Ss 
equipment V 

H^ E rifra &S S QClATinu 



thi Aai B C s hm * 
ftMAtttaataftrft <; 
w lor i ttiMtw 

As a large and rapidly expanding firm, based in the heart erf the M i dl a nds , we 
provide a hiB range of legal services for our c or p o rate and private daenls. ~We 
need able and ambitious lawyers to further our expansion in the following 

areas v- 


The work involved is stimulating, extremely varied and wiD provide scope for 
applicants to broaden their experience, exercise their responsibility and develop 
their careers. The type of work involved ranges from general advice to clients on 
company and commercial matters through to dealing with full Stock Exchange 
listings and U.S.M. flotations. There will be opportunities to deal with takeovers 
and acquisitions, management buy-outs, banking and corporate finance, 
institutional and venture capital funding, joint ventures and advising Receivers 

and Liquidators. 


An opportunity exists for a solicitor with a sound knowledge and 
experience of trust law to handle pension schemes, for our corporate and trustee 
The appointment will provide a wide variety of work with responsibility 
including the establishment of schemes, the pensions side of company acquisitions, 
sales and buy-outs and the disposal of surpluses, 


An increasing and varied number of employment cases means that our team of 
employment lawyers requires support from an applicant who is able and 
prepared to develop an expertise in tins field, with particular refer e nce to 
tribunal and litigation work. Some advocacy will be involved and there will be 
an opportunity for the applicant also to maintain and develop an interest in 
other areas of commercial litigation. 

While ideally applicants should have at least one years relevant post 
qualification experience in private practice, newly qualified solicitors should not 
be deterred from applying. We offer a very attractive salaries with excellent 
prospects and vrill assist with relocation expenses, if appropriate. 

If you wish to meet us for an initial informal discussion, please write, with career 
details and current salary, to.-- 

C.W. Hughes, Wiragge & Co., Bank House, 8 Cherry Street, Birmingham B2 SJY. 



Assistant Solicitor 

London Base 

Few people are aware of the scale and complexity of the NAAFI 
operation. As the civilian tradingrorgamsation ofHM Forces, 
we provide a variety of services through a worldwide network 
of 1.000 dubs and shops, generating a turnover in excess . 
of £350 million in adozen countries. Whilst the business bears 
with some of the world's greatretailers, the 

especially when local trading conditions, exchange controls and 

government regulations are taken into account 

This is an opportunity fpr a young Solidtor with about 2 years' 



Salary up to a maximum of £8664 put. 

Plus Outer Loudon Fringe Allowance 

A vacancy arises at Bayley Hall, Hertford, for a Professional 
Trainee who wishes ultimately to pursue a career as a Justices' 

Applicants should be Barristers or Solicitors, although Bar and Law 
Society students who have successfully completed their Part IPs are 
also invited to apply. (No articles are available). 

The postholder win receive the personal supervision of the Clerk to 
the Justices who will provide a concentrated scheme of training in 
order that he or she will be prepared to take promotion opportuni- 
ties as and when they arise. 

The post is based in an attractive County town with good commu- 
nications to London, Essex, Bedfordshire and Cambridgeshire. A 
generous relocation scheme is available in appropriate 
circum stances. 

Applications marked ‘Private and Confidential’ together with the 
names and addresses of two referees, should reach me by Friday. 
7th November, 1986. 

Ian S. Lomax, LL.IL, 

Clerk to the Justices, 

Bayley Hall, 


SG14 I EL. 



We are one of the largest firms in the West Country. Our Devon 
practice is showing significant growth, and to cope with this efficiently, 
we urgently require additional expertise in the following fields*- 


These TOcanries^p rowdejfir st class opportunities to pursue specialist 

legal and quasi-legal problems in areas su 
county court litigation and labour law. 

We are offeringa highly competitive salat 
such as a su bsidisea restautant staff shop 
scheme as well as flexible working hours. 

Please write enclosing a full cv to: Man 
Ref. (P15), NAAFLlmperial Court, H 
London SEI15QX. 

roblems m areas such as conveyancing, 
and labour law. 

v to: Manager. Recruitment, J 

I Cour^Kennington Lane, 


Serving the Services F 


The Performing Right Society Limited 


Applicafionsare invited for the post of Assistantto the Society’s Director of 
External Affairs. The Society with an annual turnover of some £75 miHion, 
auttiors, composers and publishereinthe field oimuaic, both nationally and 
internationally The Director of External Affairs, who also acts as Deputy 
Chief Executive, and Manning Dl rector erf a subswfiary company responsftde 
ftw the Society’s activities in a number of developing countries, has 
day-to-day respohsfcaitylbra wide range of matters, from the negotiation of 
agreements with major users, to the representation of authors? interestsin 
international a>pynghtdiciesexten(9nghom Ada to Latin America. 

The raqiAement is for a soBcatoror banister in the age range of appr o ximately 
24-32 years, of good academic achievement coupled with a highly 
practical approachto problem solving with the ability for sustained workon 
matters of deiaiLThe post will attract lawyers wishing to broaden their role 
beyond that of pure law A sound knowledge of French is essential. Salary 
negotiable according to age and experience with a wide rangeof benefits. 
AppScations marked “Confidential DEATand accompanied by a recent 
photograph should beaddnessedtax Director of External Afters, 
Performing Right Society LM, 29/33 Berners Street London W1P4AA. 

careers in one of England's most beautiful cities. 

We are a progressive firm with modern offices in the heart of the city 
and offer successful applicants excellent immediate and long term 

Applicants should apply ip .wnting with a GV. to David Denton, 
Partnership Administrator, Stephens & Scown, 27 & 28 Southcrnhay 
East, Exeter, Devon. 



Our Client, a substantial and growing City 
firm with a wide range of clientele in the 
Commercial and Financial field seeks a 
Commercial Conveyancer of calibre. 

The partners recognise that growth 
and prosperity depend upon the ability to ' 
provide a service that is perceived to be 

If you have the relevant experience 
since qualifying then please telephone 
James Davis on 01-629 4226 or write to him 
at the address below (R e£ V101) 


. SolH'ilor rrij; .; 
and drvdnp : - : • - 

m Hu 

I JtfpanHirt:! . 

>.-. i*r*l> • 1 

acriui# * au* • :• . • . 

• AUMk"Ji*v r 

\uac\siul - 
4Wti with i • *■’ 
Mn kfii i 

til AW 1 ^ Hi it 

Bitov n n hi N! 



CORN" Ai l 

Wat* * 

• • 

H‘q..;oi *- 
'’pps *■ • ; i ‘ 

m, «ff 

Our Properly Department has a wide 
and varied practice, focusing on 
institutional investment and property 
development in the UK and abroad. 

It is challenging work, but the rewards 
are high: and to the right candidates - 
who will be talented, ambitious lawyers 
- we can offer good career prospects 
in a friendly and progressive working 

Please apply with full C.V. to: 

Mrs Alizoun Dickinson, 

Linklaters & Paines, 

Barrington House, . 

59/67 Gresham Street, 

London EC2V7JA 


The Performing Right 
Society Limited 






160 New Bond Street 
London W1Y 0HR England 
Telephone 01-629 4226 
Fax 01-491 7459 
Telex 298942 


TO £17K 

Opportunity for Town and Country Pfenning Lawyer to wort 
wm up Cfty property practice wtfli superb workload. Would 
ail someone with around twelve months POL 


Exciting possibilities wth a young Central London practice 
at&actng interesting quafity varied woridoad. Ideally up to 
eighteen month Put. Above average salary and excellent 


£ NEG. 

Young go-ahead Central London firm of sotatnre needs a 
bright spark with up to two years POE for Commensal 
Conveyance^. Opportunity to head department in not so 
distant future. In other words, GOOD PROSPECTS. 



TO £30K 

Heavyweight commercial conveyancer of around six years 
POE for good quality work in City practice. 


Staff specialise to the legal profession worldwide 
95 Aldwych. London WC2B 4JF. Tel: 01-242 1281 
(ansa phone after office hours) - 

Owl***;*- 1 ■ 

tHH ***■■ ■ : 



City Solicitors, HILL, DICKINSON & CO, seek 
an able, keen Solicitor to do personal Injury 
work substantially derived from Insurance and 
Shipowner clients. You should be at least one 
year qualified with common law litigation 


The firm is concerned to provide prompt, 
commercial and friendly service to its clients. 
To assist in achieving this, while having case- 
load responsibility, you will work as part of a 
team assisting further to develop, this impor- 
tant part of the Practice. We think you will 
enjoy the working atmosphere. 

Send a full C.V. to: 

David Taylor 
Managing Partner 
Hill Dickinson & Co 
irongate House 
Duke’s Place 
London, EC3A 7LP 

Assistant Secretary 

Broadcasting Administration 

The Independent Broadcasting Authority seeks an 
Assistant Secretary to join its Knightsbndge Head 
Office. . .. 

As one of two Assistants, the successful applicant will 
support, advise and make recommendations to the 
Secretary on legal, structural and contractual matters 
relating to ITV and ILR programme companies and the 
General function of the IBA within the relevant Acts. 

and writing papers. 

Candidates should be of graduate level with relevant 
training. Considerable experience is required of a senior 
administration role in a Company Secretary's or 
Administration office of a large organisation or public 

Let's Eao* It law can be vety dull at times. 
Perhaps two years since you were admitted, and 
already you can see the subtle but unmistakable 
outline of a rut forming. You want greater 
challenges, some excitement even, and your 
present position just isn't what you hoped for. 

Kellogg’s have a proposition for you. Join our 
legal team in the Legal & Corporate Affairs 
Department in Manchester and you’ll undertake a 
wider variety of assignments than you ever thought 
possible. Operating in a fast-moving commercial 
environment you’ll be invoked in the acquisition 
of capital equipment and new premises, 
employment law, food law. issues of trade marks, 
copyright and contractual agreements. And any 
other legal matter that arises. 

It Isn't just a question of reacting to develop- 
ments. We're looking for someone who can 
develop into a legal strategist Identifying 
changes in the tew which affect our business, 
and contributing to the formation of policy. 

You might be familiar with some of 


through people 

these areas already, but many will be new to 
you; you must be able to think on your feet chnvtr 
on responsibility and demonstrate sound 
communication skills. 

An attractive salary is supported by a com- 
prehenshe benefits package including 
private medical insurance and *4^. 

relocation assistance, and for the 
able and ambitious there is great ; 

potential for career development. 

Please send a cv, together ag ffr 

with a detailed letter of applf- Ipf 
cation to: Colin Hawksworth, 

Personnel Services Manager. ' 

Kellogg Company of Great Britain Ltd. J 

Park Road, Stratford, Manchester £| 

M32 8RA. Tel: 061-865 441 1. ^ 


j mm Kill 'm fiumnii> & 




* Aa£qual Opportunities Employer ’ 

Please send full curriculum vitae to Joyce Parry, 
Personnel Officer, Independent Broadcasting Authority, 
70 Bromptcm Road, London SW3 lEY, to arrive no later, 
then Uth November, 1986. 


A Kingston sofidtor 
who specialises in 
Commercial and some 
court work seeks- 
assistant sotoitor with 
minimum 2 years 
experience. Lichfield 

01 549 5070 

Please contact 
Mrs Ryan. 

firm in East London • 
area. All rounder at least 2 

years qualified with ability to 
work under pressure and keep 
smilng. Top financial and sta- 
tus package to successful 
applicant Write to; 

R. Sandler, 



Sobdnis & Lege Executives 
waitable m afl ds pflro 

01-248 1139 

Ws Mkome enoulne from jfl 
prospective barns wth spool 
pan-tone onxotunties lor re- 
tired. semi retired & other 
c o mmerc ia l lawyers. 

ASA Uw Una Services 
tfl Lmtagde Sn_ Untoate MO 

ITOR tou out ht Mwiruraw 
CK% PiwWTWmilnULr Con 
\njnr,iN LilHWhon jod OUm 

ijnwtdl MmI MHh on or lull <if 
aii rsiqipt creiirv riinurti- 
niMi oi u-nam no iioi WKuk En 
ninn tMm-nrr in im> atxni* 
nulln-% priori rod W>-w w«na 

run C. \ la Mr A i Hard i . 
Mpvuv ScftV'Kk POolaii * 
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IOI IM iMLWdmi Mild Urn-. 
tunrlHr Lil/Cnnic iwn Srttv 
ol hiunnur *ni Atulili la uoil 
iiiuirt pinuurr •’wniui Oui 
sbuiduiq MnpKn Trlrphonr 

WW SflSAi nniiii^ 

HATIBMOmAL bWYidlbt Vftsl 
Connin' nnn i«#i aid and pri- 
on* ciajoo 
COnoulLanK MSS DS18J 
PRORATE Manasrr wire North 
wm MUurnon cm wiw. 
Consul hurts W3E 351 63 
eroidon and Brarrtcs’ 

1 11.500 ConuiUants 

0«B 2S1S3 


«Wir sol if i I o< wlih dl reau i 

wm %‘ umrrol post qualiliaiiwi 
nmnvr and ItUpatldn npa 
nun issoimm EvctHlent MUrj 
and pi vcpKls for »UJ table AMO- 
ram c\ pt<*av> id Bmt 
Johnson. janiLsom hjoB 
Sti«*r. Linnnqion. Hampshire 
Rayswatoi soUniort iwmiro 
Soimtoi lor busy qmonl war 
HT-- Willinvwv. lo unarrlAf 
Mtorari an adianugo Tdc 
phon o 01 231 1535 
FREE LM el imwin iKinrmRl 
.salarm from Cr.000 lo 
C26.000 Cnaroorrs & Partners 
Ol oDd 0371 

COMPANY CMTimannal Solirllor I NORWICH PRACTICE roquum 

wnn dMonaird hMalion vwd 
prosporis with Homo CounliM 
Him U8I. Wrwrs Conmtlanh 
095S WI8S- 

IW LAW in Bristol. ManrfwstW. 
FsmlinQham XomcasUo Choi 
lonham. PlyniMiih. 

Bmililineuin. KorWKIi. IPs 
ssnIl. Ln ri pool. Godalmino. 

Iilmalinn ^ssi^lanW to *.orL on a 
ipi\ nusnl (asokud suilirilors 
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tiNuuiK isiin [oinani rspo 
rionro mnviUrri'd Snrari and 
tNospr>w pond Cfcnrr t*w Gahriol Dull\ 
OnisMltdlH'S 31 Swill Turn Won 
Bios London UCIB SHJ Trt 

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■ ngniitHHtr a iouwhi iirun 
firs Iiom Qnatllird lo 
Sr mm Sotirunrs and Parum* 

SO, mu Solirnor Last Amlio 
L17fc VsrSsr\ Comullants 
0955 751S5 

SJininl.ilina and invardirq op- I CONVEYANCER South Drvon 

imriuiiiiN's Kmi • apphrjnis 
i m uiiro Lavs PrrvinncL OI 
042 IMI ■ Mu. aw has nisi 

nnv dnmrMir. light tOnim,-rrwl 
CIOK Vhw ConsutUnls 
MSB 251 BS 

0 119 



Finance Officer 

£17,406 - £18,555 p.a. inc 

This is a Key position in the Social Services. 
Administration Division's management struc- 

The job - As Finance Officer you will manage a 
large section providing a full financial service to 
the department including both the traditional 
financial housekeeping role and more recently 
the development of new initiatives in manage- 
ment accountancy. Particular emphasis is 
laced on long term financial planning, cash 
ow forecasting, unit budgeting and the provi- 
sion of advice to the Directorate on budgetary 
control and value for money initiatives. The de- 
partment is also committed to the development 
of new technology applications. 

The Person - We feel that to undertake this role 
successfully you must hold the CIPFA qualifies 
tion. be a lateral thinker and have a strong 
interest in the operational side of local authority 

If you would like to know more please 
Colin Keen on 01-871 6297. Application form 
and job description from Director of Social Ser- 
vices, Town Hall, London SW18 2PU. Tel. 01- 
871 6236. Quoting ref. T/480. Closes 14\ 


an equal opportunity employer 

AH jDnSicams are compered on me bam of 
ebsstnemem set o' mantai status 


Applications are invited for a temporary two year post in 
Economics (from January' J9S7 or as soon as possible 
thereafter) from candidates whb postgraduate training m 
macroeconomics (or econometrics or other quantitative 
areas), to join a new research group in international 
macroeconomics, and to work on North-South 

Salary will be up to point 6 on Range IA of the salary 
scale' Tor Research and Analogous Staff (currently 
£10.375. subject to review) with placement according to 
age. qualifications and experience. 

Further particulars may be obtained from the Depart- 
ment of Political Economy. Adam Smith Building, the 
University of Glasgow. Glasgow GI2 SRT (phone No. 
041 339 8855. exL 4618). Applications <6 copies and 
enclosing an up-to-date C. V.) should be directed to the 

Closing date 20th November. 1986. 




We require a highly motivated individual to 
implement our new five year development 

Salary negotiable, but not less than £14£00 
per annum. 

Details and application forms .from Secretary 
General, BPA, 47 Vaughan Way, Leicester, 
LEI 4SG. Telephone; 0533 519778. 


Grade PO (3-6) up to £13,653 

This post offers an excellent opportunity 
for either a newly admitted solicitor or a 
recently called banister to gam local gov- 
ernment experience in a very busy legal 

Reporting directly to the Solicitor to the 
Council, the successful applicant will be 
involved in a wide variety of work ranging 
from representing the Council in the Mag- 
istrates and County Courts and at planning 
inquiries to attending Council Committees. 

Excellent conditions of service are offered 
including Relocation Assistance up to 
£3,500 + VAT m appropriate cases and an 
Essential User Car Allowance or leased 

This post is based at West Mailing, an 
attractive part of rural Kent which is within 
easy reach of London and the coast 

Application forms are available from the 
Personnel Section, Tonbridge & Mailing 
Borough Council, Council Offices, West 
Malting, Kent ME19 6LZ. CLEARLY 
APPT/992” or by telephoning WEST 
MAULING 844522 ExL 3259. 

Closing date: 7th November, 1986- 

Tonbridge and Mailing 
Borough Council 


£44,928 x £681 (3) -£46,971 

A successful Executive wflh a proven innovative record 
is required for this key postAppficants mud be able to 
demonstrate extensive management experience ala 
senior level but not necessarily wtftme local authority 
The Chief Executive wtil be leader of Chief Officers' 
responsible for the provision of pubfic services to a 
population of approximately 800,000. The posthddar, 
who wffl not have any departmental responsajffiies.wffl 
be required to achieve and sustain a corporate 
management approach in the County CoundL In 
parfcutai; he/she win be involved in policy planning, 
performance revtewand economic devetopmert The 
County Cotmcti has an annual budget of £376m and 
38000 employees. 

The appointment wffi be for a fixed five year term. 
Applications to tha Director of Mm rhst/zbcm, 
Humberside County Council, Ftemingm House. 
Remingme, Beverfey HW7 QttCL 

For further information pleese contact Nigel Fanow, 
Ctitef Pers on nel Officer 
Telephone number 0482 8G7131ex1n 3148 

Umdoataa date far appBnBomb 21st Nov 1M6 

Humberside County Council 
is an Equal Opportunity Employee 



Director of Housing 
and Environmental 

£18,024 - £19,824 (pay award pending) 
+ (option of leased car) 

We are seeking highly room, ted rendu* no wnh 
experience and Bar for this key pot* at 
management level in the Atubarirv App han ts 
shoo Id lave aD rooad managerial doCi Uie abduy to 
work under pressure and mate a Bgndkasi personal ; 
, comribiiuoa 10 the development of (he Housing and ' 
1 Envnon mental Health service ihrongboM 


! ThcrrewDttteto'wnbcrcsBessatelbrihpCotmcirs 
housing functions tndadnrg hoasmsflnilding 
maintenance, bopsmg managem en t, the Direct 
Labour Organisation, together wnh environmental 
health and b ui l d i ng control The CoupoI is 
developing > number of new booms policies in 
response tp 'be changing needs of the District. Is ri 
now considering the introduction of localb based 
n anrymr ni fbUowntg a Praam- Estates Project 

study sponsored by the Welsh Office. i 

Montgomeryshire nan area of treat natural beauty at 
the bean of Mid Wales. 

AppUcann should have the a ppropriate qiafafiariom 
and srgmficanl experience at senior management 
level The sueeewfid candidate win work as pm of a 
team of Chief Officers in the de velo pment of new 
policies and objectives for the Authority as a whole. 

Further details and an appOoUiM fora may be 
obtained from the Chief Esecntrre. Cornual Offices. 
Welshpool Montgomeryshire. Telephone; UaEcfepoot 
2828 ex t m t oa 292. 

ChMing date 10th November 1986. 




John Grooms Housing Association in dose cooperation 
with Wiltshire Social Services and SaSsbury Area Health 
Authonty have bmlt a small int for short stay accommoda- 
tion tar physically disabled people. 

Located in the ancient town of Wton this hostel wfl help 
people who have become dsabted adapt to ibe change 
from a long stay in hospital to retora to mdependent ifa. we 
urgently need an ex p erienced nasidenttii Care Officer to 
manage thereat with a staff of Care Officare and play a key 
rote in this chaBeng in g project The hostel is lobe regis- 
tered under the Regstarad Homes Act 1964 and we can 
only consider applicants who have adequate releva nt ex- 
perience to meet the requremants tor a manager as 
requred by the Act 

A flexible caring altitude is essential with a wffinyt es s to 
share ow desire to see this hostel and the adjuring Rats, to 
wtwh some duties extend, provide a valuable service to 
disabled people. 

The post offers a salary in the region of £10,000 per year 
inclusive of a self contained flat evaluated at £1.600. 

For further dbfrib end application form co nt act 

10. Gloucester Drive. Finsbury Parte. London N4 2LP 
Tab 01-600 9245 

Re adv er ti s ement - Previous appieant* rmH not re a pply. 




As a major firm of City solicitors we offer a comprehensive 
range of services to industrial and commercial diems. Our 
Pension practice also indudes a variety of institutional, 
professional and specialist diems. 

We now seek an additional so lid cor who will rise to die 
challenge of the varied demands of our well established 
Pensions department. 

The successful applicant will join our team of seven 
qualified solid tore in dealing with die whole range of legal 
work related to Pensions, including takeovers and mergers, 
tax and advising self-administered schemes and institutional 
clients on new legislation. 

The ideal applicant will be a so lid tor with two or three 
years’ experience in the Pensions area who: 

- wants to develop wider expertise in the held; 

- can work at responsible level with the minimum of 


We offer a pleasant and friendly working environment 
A highly competitive salary will be offered to the right 

Please reply with full c.v. to:- Hilton Wallace, 

Personnel Manager; Lovell, White 8c King, 

21 Holborn Viaduct, London EGA 2D Y 

Lovell White & King 



Our Conveyancing Department requires another enthusiastic and 
personable Solicitor to assist mainly with domestic conveyancing, 
but with opportunities for other legal work as wdL 

The successful applicant will probably be newly qualified having 
gained relevant experience during articles. He or she will work as 
part of a close team in a very busy high street practice. 

For the right person prospects are excellent with an attractive 
salary. Please write with full curriculum vitae to:- 

The Partnership Secretary 
Lewis Silldn 

223-229 Rye Lane Peckham 
London SE15 4TZ 

Turner Kenneth Brown’s busy and expanding; 
Litigation Department has immediate vacancies 
for the following posts: 

Senior Property litigation 

Assistant (5 years’ qualified) to handle a large 
volume of Landlord and Tenant and other 
property related matters. 

Intellectual Property Assistant 

(2 years + qualified) to assist a busy partner in all 
aspects of this developing field. 

Employment Law Expert 

(2 years+ qualified) to work with both the 
Litigation and Commercial Departments on 
advisory and contentious aspects of individual 
employment and labour law. 

Each of these posts offers an exciting challenge to 
young Solicitors who wish to become parr of a 
successful team. 

The firm's clients include companies, public, 
multinational and private, and businesses active 
in ail economic sectors. We have strong 
international connections and have this year 
opened a Hong Kong office. 

We occupy modem offices in the City designed to 
create an efficient and friendly working 
environment, making full use of new technology. 

A inactive salaries will be paid to the successfu l 

Write with full CV io:~ 
Mre Carole Cocksedge, 
Personnel Manager, 
Turner Kenneth Brown, 
100 Fetter Lane, 
London EC4A1DD 






We are one of the largest firms in the West Country with offices «. Exeter. 
Torquay. Looe. Truro and our headquarters at St. Austell, C orn wall 

Our practice is showing significant growth, and to cope with this efficiently, we 
urgently require additional expertise in the following fieite- 




These vacancies provide unrivalled opportunities to pursue specialist careers in a 

E leasam working environment, close to the sea. where commuting is minimal 
owing costs are reasonable, and local education is excel) ent- 

We are a progressive and expanding firm and offer successful applicants excellent 
immediate and long term prospects. 

Applicants should apply in writing with a C.V. to David Denton, Partnership 
Administrator, Stephens & Scown, 3 Cross Lane. St. Austell. Cornwall 
PL25 4 AX. 

Sunderland Health Authority 

Chief Nursing 

Salary £20,495 - £25,955 

This is a key post in the Authority’s re- 
vised management structure. The post 
holder will exercise professional leader- 
ship and advisory roles in the 
development of nursing standards, plan- 
ning and monitoring the use of nursing 
resources. The management of nurse edu- 
cation wifi be another key responsibility. 
The post holder will be the focal point for 
professional nursing advice to the Author- 
ity and its managers and will be a full 
member of the District Management Advi- 
sory Group. 

Sunderland is already extensively involved 
in innovative developments in the field of 
nurse education and research. The suc- 
cessful applicant will demonstrate a 
strong commitment and a record of 
achievement in this field, together with 
wide experience of nursing management 
at a senior level and appropriate profes- 
sional and managerial qualifications. 

For Information Pack and Application 
Form, please contact the District Person- 
nel Division, The Briars, District General 
Hosp ital. Kayll Road, Sunderland. SR4 

Tel. (0783) 656256 Ext. 2369. 

Intending applicants are welcome to dis- 
cuss the post with Mr. P.L Chubb, District 
General Manager. Ext. 2 1 25/2404. 

Closing Date: 17th November 1986. 



To be t wfl o w ffi tar a number oi rmonai ttavatopmwit mansgars 
wno «■ be prowoan g a new peyrt* '-gwa aa you aam" achana. 


To promo te ox axqang mm "yoa as you aam" acfitma to targa 
esBraaroai ano pubic orgi nni tiore. 

Eadi ponton ottars a salary of £<2000 plus, and OOtfi «■ Oa tagfiCf ar 
re PtyoO Sawtcaa Departwal Srecfag Houaa, tJO High Stoat 
ToremOoe. Kaot. TN9 TB8. (telephone 0732 3SI2M), lowtiare Sppfi- 
ca oon a »Wd ba aam. aodrasaaO to Hoy lanMtg. 



to £1837 (pay award pending) 

The cvnrm DmriW. Mr. C 

MJ.CE.. n leasing u* January. .Wow tohn 

promotion tt> <1 pus faith a *>» !» 

met council. v,e an kjotott JJ* * “"**** 

who will he able to cwkMi* i «d 

the ewcllmi faaatoem 

v«c his Wotnimeww 

nc« department fbrmril *hen Ufa CDUWtfre* 

structured Hto»n« 

The twst has rcspon4ibdu> lor the manarmern 
of thenmge of icdmwal fumliuM, ladudm* 
planning. arthHKiuw. direct wort* 
ing, and huiMmg 

Otwoirv Borough ma> he one ofthe J 

district councils, but.® aspirations ^ mjn : 
with a major emphasti on 
ment. The tima Md 

enormous potential, and the Council tat, 
adopted a forward tonkin* pohe y and c m- . 

taJEd on a vaned andambiiiow 

of uwis. The successful candidate unlllirf the 

opportunity for cbalfo^e ^ £'■ 

isfeciion. whtht cflming tlw lxmcfiri Of pc 
superb "quality of tk" offered b> U*nw m a^ 
beautihiUrtt «.here the wt of * Pj 0 * 
the nai tonal aierasr, pauiieuUrly wnh house 

Os^rsiry is situated in the ^lifhiful border ' 
land c cron inside where the Snropslure pfatns 
meet the Welsh hiRs. tWs Dyke hmj dafawg 
fooipaih and the Uaofotkn t 
the Borough, whilst Snowdoma and the Wcteh: 
coast are around an hours drive » are r 
such regional shopping centres ax Shrewsbury, 
Chester. Birmingham and Manenestef. 

Wc are seeking a candidate *ho bring * 
positive, innovative approach to the joo of 
leading the department within an overall cor- , 
poratc approach. Whilst applieanis nwsi he 
professional y qualified, far more importance 
will he placed on them having a woven record 
in demonstrating managerial skills. 

For an informal discussion on just how satisfy- 
ing rhe job and the area can be. irteptroac. 
Eta \ id Towers. Chief Executive, or Tony 
Lmley. the present Director (OWN 65*41 Ik * 

Further inlbnnation together with relocation ■ 
package details and application form are oo- 
tainaSe from Sue Bcacham. Personal Assistant * 
to Chief Executive. Castle View. Oswestry, 
Shropshire. SYM 1JR. 

Closing date for applications: Monday. 3rd - 







Appli mU— are tainted tar a 

K ef ftecDidi Officer in tbe 
mun Suttaucnl Rccacd. 
Ttia pure arm rapawtnlny 
for cuBnUna dwdane aod ear- 
reetioD id dele, held in kip 
amalir-kwii iw mk M (fie 
staff aod awdevOt o I U K. oni- 
veiutM and Ita Ikkon with the 
atamsntiauin ropoonble tar 
the reoonk m ndi 1 — mntinn 
Cwdifan should have pnd 

AoponttaMBt «iD he inibaflr 
■un the (A i sase for annrr- 
Bty adminkumtiw staff (salary 
CTjOSS to £12,780. under re- 
new). The person 
appoi nt ed will be required to 
ism the UnivfftatiM Sapcnn- 
anKiuR Scheme (USSX 
An re>plcaljoci form and farther 
parttcuUts may be obumed 
&mn Mrs. IvM- Dorman. 
Pe tsoan e l Officer. UCCA. P.O. 
Bos A Chrhrcfasn. Clot. 

Cloainc dme for revbcationc 
2S Nowmber 1986. 

U.K. General Manager 

c£ 70 k 

company to aa av»n more fonhMt marital potitio*. 

> A Good tichnical un daman ding trf • A han afar 
mainfrants, corntmimcitiom and wyflffi *8 

large computer syxtams. 'pooiMa aqu 

A successful record of menanug, and fa Tha chanca 1 
of sailing to tha higher laveis in «£»is ami 

Industry andGovemmanL §0% P-*. Cu 

Banks, Instti 

i An undestanding of the role market- houshtHd na 
ing can day in projactmg sat* of tha arew coma 
an products. • t>- 

AppUcatrans for this important 
confidant* and should b* made 
Director. Migri SdloOtck on (86 
address Mow. 

m A base salary of £3Sk. and uniumtad 
very high wrolrw potantial tplus - 
'possiMa equity snarei 

• Tha chiflci to build on m etaWithid 

nieces and to maintain growth <t 
50% pa. Cuntmwn mchida prestige 
Banks, Insurance companies, alto 
houshtrfd nema Industrial and Coffin- 
eccid compantas. 

• The opportunity to.lajffi a young 
profaBtoual team of 30 salts, support 
end marketing staff. 

sltio* w9 he treatod in strict 

& iswaysr 

(Suropoan Owls'Bare 
[person nel . Pomeyweed Road 
COUTSetor^ Bunrireni-StotighSLI ICH 

Tefaphoea: (082881 4814 



Applications are invited for this key post in a large 
decentralised Housing Department operating In stress 
areas oi London. 

Proven management ak«s are necessary as you wSi be 
required to lead a multi-disapfinafy team providing a 
full range of housing and technical services, and ideally 
you wdl be qualified to die Institute of Housing Profes- 
sional or Diploma Standard. 

Self -motivation and initiative wffl make this post both 
ChaBenging and rewarcfcng, and will provide a golden 
opportunity to improve and extend your management 
skjUs in managing a very lively and busy Housing Office 
operating in North London. 

Salary: <£14.323. 

Excellent conditions of employ include a contributory 
pension scheme. non-comritHitory Life and Health 
Insurance, Luncheon Vouchers oi 75p per day, gener- 
ous car allowance, 20 days hotiday a year. 

Ownership of a car and possession of a fun currant 
driving licence ere essential for this post. 

Job description and app&cation form available from: 
Philip Stevens, Per s onnel Manager, London & 
Quadrant Housing Trust, Osborn House, Osborn 
Terrace, London SE3 9DR_ 

Closing date: 7th November 1986. 

We are an equal opportunities employer. 

Merthyr Tydfil Housing Aaaocfatioa la flnPHAi 

Following a review of staffing needs the Association 
is seeking applications for the following two nevt 
posts from suitably qualified and experienced men 
and women. 



(Association wishes to expand Its actMttaa by’ 
raising funds from the private sector). 

Salary range E12JM to C1M75 p*. 

Housing Manager 

Sriary range £12,287 to C13£53 pjl 
A pplication forma together with supporting 
Information package can be obtained from toe 
Assodatfon at MJboume Chambers, Ofab efa nrl 
Street, Merthyr Tyriffl, MW Glare. CF47 ME. or 
telephone Merthyr Tydfil (0685) 83311. 

Owing dWe for receipt of applications; 2 pjoj 
Friday, 14th November 1986. . ; 



A mqor nanna noatwr las been Umhed. «ch m from 0a 

raKere-morev. to saint Wo tor m 
mo uwr-JuMw prqass tr row the county. 

!£iiL l R fosrea conwmmty. owifes. the 
rnSgi^f” 8 ” ng >06 ^ wwnmffi 1 to oa a a b» 

R pqm u rf il M lAectir to tbe Chatman, foe Director's man task wguu n* m 
nse may n a protessenai wy. bom peseta ■) an wUs «Wa 

Wfofojgn appropnae treumpwfn be given a s vital ma you oosstta eoed 
comiuvuiiw and etpanssnnal sk& Knowledge ot foe 

he an odnntege M wson and stanvnaae esse^S/ 1 ^ 

o SWfonSiwe, 11a Sttnoro Street, Statknd ST 16 jgf by Nevnfoer sth. 

■ VI WS0 Threeal>a»|ltawig — ayi fota d 


Stdtty: £7,345 — Et» : 

T V.HS. la • iwgtatarM Houtang AnocMtoO wWeli 
soon a number ot Boroughs. The Acsocttflon reaugba 
approximately 1500 propwtwe, end is dnridad dUo two M* 

Wa era taoMne tor an M«p«tic enttitMtaade penaefafrin 
our South Team. 

This a a key pom wflltin too team, and yerintia 
admlwstratlre axpenonce anetar ability te typa woufabeln 
•drentaae. but training wffl be prowM to anebfa tee 
successful eppheant to carry out tha ffittae and awrauafly 
to progress u a more advanced poatoon. 

For an appNeation term and further tntomation contact: 

Themaa Valley Housing fieefafa Utanad 
1 King Streot, TMdanhaM 'rWl 380 
014*1 0202 

fe# positively welcome apphcMte from the effidc mfaorife 

Otrelog date: 7th Nowrebar ION. 



Reqfor Int. Comm Co. W1 

Must have Masters degree in Economics or have 
specialised m monctary/fiu economics as undcrgnuL 

Phone Isobel 01 387 9913 or write to 
Catch 22, 360 Euston Road, 
London NWL 

(University of London) 


Hospital and Tha London Howttaf 

Thasuowsstui cwxMMt tote probably be batman 


•recHNirAi N s f ''i 




A guide to 
career opportunities 

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An appealing dig at the past 

3ryou plan lo be an archa^i^ 

4he time 10 bean- ih^ = , eologlst ’ now 15 
Snbmhs are the" idLl 11 ? 11 ™ 1 *“*»■ 

rfed.'-of.he^rk^CV^S *» 

> Joining your local atJu- , 9 sen - 

«y will give yST^ haeo,oglca ? soci - 

<aJking vflth ex^elSL ? p0rtunily 

^tending 3E? 1 ? matears and 

Wleciion of £3?^ s J° uni als and also a 
wjreuon of books on arrfi^i™, n<L 

muni, . , 

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r'iWW** 1 *’ 1 ' 

•WN#-’ • 

<m r <inr) — ■« “ iiuiutu time nr 

&sofVmh ny ■ C ° UnlIY dlstrict5 sman 
\ enthusiasts can be seen at 

-.- glen S? atcf^ dill k lhe ^ eIds * eyes 
; thrown R^u h,ng ^ P'oughmghas 
tarefullv is then 

■; £Jsw^i eaned * ^ 

' mIil» addition ^ peo P le ov er 16 should 
• SS? SSf? 7 f^ 11 10 ^ I»rt in dig£ 

' W<Skof>L a? ° mV J 5lve ^efoilowSp 
p/ork of cleaning and recording. 

- 5 ^ting. absorbing 

IhS^JS?' 0118 ,n ? mense dedication in 
those who pursue it. And it needs to, as 

permanent, secure jobs are limited, the 
ctreer patterns precarious, attended by 
nsk. Many archaeologists work on a 
temporary, freelance, contract basis, so if 

}!! S f St „ < L n j, ob s^rity perhaps you 
should ^11 l»ck on your second career 
enoice. But if you are prepared to take a 
Chance, the rewards can be gloriously 
• *?C'img (though probably not in finan- 
cial terms). 

“ A career in archaeology — which has 
been described as the study of man 

There are exciting rewards If 
-you choose to take chances 

through his material remains — appeals 
to many more people than there is room 
for. A lot of today's newly graduated 
enthusiasts will eventually foil by the 
wayside, perhaps becoming spare-time 
archaeologists or diversifying into a 
related career such as teaching, local 
government or cartography, if their 
'Subjects include geography. 

When you first graduate, don't expect 
to be put in charge of an excavation 
straightaway. Vou must start by getting 
experience as one of the team, gradually 
working up to becoming assistant super- 
visor and then supervisor. 

■ A major drawback to archaeology is 
mat it is subject to the vagaries of 
landing. Hence its insecurity. The best 
way around this is to be Ibrtunate 
though to land a university lectureship, 
providing not. only security and the 
dpporlunily for research, but also the 
long vacations in which to undertake 
overseas excavations. Such vacancies, 
though, are very rare. 

-'Then there are the permanent jobs 
•ijhder national government, such as 
English Heritage - perhaps working as 
4a archaeological field warden — or the 
Royal Commission for Historical Monu- 
ments. or a national museum, and the 
jobs in local government, at city or 
«, county level. 

Archaeology is exciting, 
absorbing work, calling 
for immense dedication. 
Sally Watts considers 
the possibilities offered 
by this career given 
the vagaries in funding 


Two members of an excavation team at 
Norznanton Down, near Stonehenge, 
dealing a site where a child's skeleton 
and its beaker can be seen 

Here, there may be just one or two 
qualified staff or many more depending 
on the money available and the amount 
of local pressure When a local authority 
is preparing a special project it will take 
on additional help — but oh a temporary 
basis, as contract workers. Staff are also 
employed by county museums and may 
undertake such specialised work as 
conserving, restoring, textile treating. 
For this they need a chemistry or physics 

Finally there are the independent 
units, which are funded by neither 
national or local government, such as the 
York Archaeological Trust, or private* 
museums, or rescue work, often financed 1 
by development companies before a 
historic site is built upon. 

This work, too, is temporary and is 
usually carried out under pressure and 
against time, typifying the rather harsh 
conditions under which excavationists 
work — living fairly “rough" on overseas 
digs is another example. 

People on excavations are generally 
freelance, contract workers receiving 
only indifferent rates of pay. /^though 
most of those who work in major 
archaeological centres like London may 
feel reasonably secure because of the 
large amount of work, they tend to opt 
out as they get older and take on family 

What is not generally realized Is that 
archaeology today is ogen 10 a wide 

range of specialisations. The Council for 
British Archaeology recently received an 
inquiry from a schoolgirl whose careers 
teacher had told her she could not train 
in archaeology because she lacked an O 
level in Latin, a subject her school did 
not teach. _ 

This belief in Latin as the sole gateway 
to a career in archaeology is a fallacy. 
Qualifications may also include modern 
lan g ua g es, geology, geography, history 
and science subjects. 

During the last 20’ or 30 years the 
profession has undergone vast changes, 
largely due to the introduction of 
scientific techniques and equipment, 
such as aerial photography and scanning 

Excavation is only one part of 
archaeology. Equally important is the 
specialised work of conservation and of 
analysing, assessing and writing reports. 
Preparing surveys, planning projects and 
obtaining financial sponsorship are fur- 
ther aspects of the work. 

One archaeologist describes the pro- 
fessions as “a grey area” not cut and 
dried but with some inevitable overlap- 
ping, in which archaeological skills shade 
off into other things — such as 

There are as many branches of the 
profession as there are entry routes. One 
is nautical, or marine, archaeology, of 
the Mary Rose. Another is environ- 
mental archaeology, a growing and 1 
science-based area involving research | 
into past environments through the 

The profession is open to 1 
wide ranging specializations 

study of climate, vegetation, insect 
remains, and so on. 

Then there is reconstructive work, 
such as the Jorvik Viking Centre at York 
or the building of the Homesteads 
facsimile in Northumbria. A further 
aspect is industrial archaeology, the 
- study of manufacturing processes, repre- 
sented by museums like Ironbridge. But 
this is at present a very limited, little 
worked area, pursued largely by 

The would-be archaeologist who is not 
a science specialist should nevertheless 
be numerate and have some scientific 
background. A good working knowledge 
of computers is also important He or sbe 
should be thorough, practical, meticu- 
lous about detail and patient — a quality 
that will also help the young professional 
to beaver away in his or her chosen field 
while waiting for the recession to 
dwindle and — it's to be hoped — more 
money to be made available, leading to 
an increase m posts, pay and prospects. 

You map find two CBA booklets 
helpfuL One is A Guide to University 
Courses in Archaeology, price £1.25. The 
other is the newly revised A Job in 
Archaeology, which is five. Please enclose 
sae. size A4. Write in both cases to the 
Council for British Archaeology. 112 
Kennington Road, London SEIJ6REL:.. 




Salary £10908-£13692 

“We seek a temporary Training Officer from the end of January 1987 whilst 
■the current postholder is on maternity leave. 

key part of the job concerns responsfijflity for Information Technology 
training. This is an exciting and developing feature of the Council’s in- 
service course provision. You will be responsible for:- liaising with 
departments to Identify training needs; working with internal and external 
course providers to develop existing courses and plan new ones; preparing 
and publicising programmes of courses which deliver training on both a 
Council-wide and departmental basis; managing the accommodation and 
computer equipment dedicated to this training activity at Wandsworth Town 
Hall. You may also have the opportunity to tutor on courses. 

You win also provide support to the Central Training Co-ordinator based at 
the Staff Training Centre, in Lavender HU. in particular you will help to 
administer the Council's post entry training scheme and supervise support- 
ing admin, staff. 

You must be able to demonstrate:- 

• teaching/training experience 

• sound admlni5trative/organksational and staff supervision skills 

• a keen interest in training staff for Information Technology skills but you 
need not necessarily have Information Technology expertise yourself. 

Please phone the Staff Training Centre on 01-871 7463 for application form ! 
and further details. Closes 19 November. 

We particularly welcome a, 
backgrounds to apply for 0 
present staff team. (Section 

nts from African, Asian and Caribbean 
is post as they are under-represented in our 
38 (1) (b) of the Race Relations Act applies). 

an equal opportunity employer 

All applicants are considered on the basis of their 
suitability for the job irrespective of disablement, race, 
sex or marital status. 

From a 19th century grade 2 tetedbuBd- 
mg to a landmark of 1970S architecture the 
Royal Borough of Kensington and CheteeaS two >V 
^ town hafc haw an exceptional dvic and com rnenaivakia 

Maintaining the buBdEng^veiy different rnfrastmcttxe at peak V 

levels of operational efficiency is a challenging and speaafist 
surveying task - with maintenance responsibilities ranging from the 
Mayors Site to the baroque splendour of a hundred year old Main Hal 


A major 

surveying rolfi in an historic environment 


As Town Kail Maintenance Surveyor your brief be widte. 

surveying proper** ^preparmg^l^ . ^ 

North West Thames 

■■■■■ regional health authority 

Support Services 


We're not after your Mood - 

But we could make use of yovr drive and 


The North London Blood Transfusion Cen- 
tre is one of the hugest and busiest in the 
country, its 240 staff collecting, processing 
and supplying over 200,000 units of blood to 
hospitals in North West Thames Health Re- 
gion every year. 

We are looking for a person who is keen to 
pursue a career in the health service but who 
wishes the scope to develop his or her style of 

Your role would be lo manage a variety of 
support services, at the Edgware based centre 
including data processing, finance and per- 
sonnel and generally looking after the day to 
day running of the centre. 

You would also be liaising with medical, sci- 
entific and clerical staff in drawing up and 
implementing operational plans in all sec- 
tions of the centre. You would also play a key 
role in the planning and commissioning of a 
new centre during the next four years. 

This is an exciting and challenging job in a 
vital area of the health service and if you are 
a blood donor, all the better because we need 
every drop we can geL 
Application form and job description avail- 
able from the Employee Services Unit, North 
West Thames Regional Health Authority, 40 
Ea st b ourne Terrace, London W2 3QR- Tele- 
phone mmbs 01-262 8011 Ext. 3120 quoting 
Reference Number 269. 

Closing date: 7 November 1986. 

^ wide-ranging experience of 

asgjS SassssaSMSK 

- *■« 3 - bedraom off 


ItSSoSBnjNn'v EMPuraR, 



A & C Scale 23 / N & M Senior Norse 2 

This post reflects the new poGcy of individual account- 
ability for a specific ana of m an age men t and the post 
holder wifi be dimctly and personally responsible for the 
management of staff and budgets within the above sector. 
Hp/she will discharge this itapon s ibilriy in conjunction 
with a muftWisriplinaiy m anage ment team by coordiaat- 
ing ihe corporate ttmciiownE of the services ensuring that 
penning and operational mana gement are conducted ef- 
fectively and efficiently. He/she will impkmem clinical 
policy determined by the consultants and clinical teams 
and where necessary utilise resources to bring about 
changes in clinical practices. 

Applicants should be profesBonally qualified and have 
tod a wide experience at senior level in a health /public 
service environment, and be aUe to demonstrate effective 
personal achievements in health cate or associated 

Interviews for Ibis appointment will take place on 27ih 
and 3$th November 1986. 

Candidates wishing to dtsost details of this post should 
contact Lionel Joyce. Unit General Manner. St Nicholas 
Hospital. Td (091) 285 0151. Ext 202. 

Application forms and job descriptions available from: 

Mr, P Goteaaa. Perwnd Duutmeiit. 

5l Nicholas Hospital. Newcastle upon T^nc. NE3 3 XT. 

Completed application forms lobe returned by 12 noon 
on lith November 1986. 

Simon Barnes whiles away wet days with cricket favourites 

Accent on Arlott’s assets 

HUs may seem a little like * — — hugger can do that to h 

esy, hot I have never rn . i 1 J what might I do?" 

aided John Ariettas one of • I ACT VOllT KnOWlPn^P • Arlan in Conversation ff 
greatest cricket writers, l J JVLLU W lt/U-gW Afife Brearley, by John Ar 

This may seem a little like 
heresy, hot I have never 
regarded John Axlott as one of 
the greatest cricket writers. 
Awfully good, yes, no question 
about that, but not in, say, the 
top'Six of all time. A writer of 
great blent: a commentator of 
genius. I miss him every time I 
tom on the radio to listen to 
the cricket. Without Arlott, I 
just don't understand what's 
going off out there. Did be 
really say: 'That bullet went 
through Boycott's defence like 
a bullet through a hole in a 
Henry Moore?” If that one is 
mythical; there were a million 
genome Arlott gems. 

You may recall his conver- 
sations with Mike Brearley on 
Channel 4 a while back. A 
transcript has been brought 
together in a book. The key to 
the book — to a small extent, in 
the man — is in a qootation 
from C. L. R. James, that 
genuinely great cricket writer: 
“What do tfu y know of cricket 
who only cricket know?" 

Arlott says in this book: 
**. . .Sometimes I think, wefl. 
just how right James is — If 
you tell me someone is cricket 

mm! and think* of nothing 
else, I don't think he is getting 
the ftm out of it he ought to.” 

In an age of specialists, 
Arlott remained a renaissance 
F ffa m Involved in politics, po- 
etry and, of coarse, wine. He 
was so vivid a broadcaster 
because be was — tike most 
people who read newspapers 
or listen to the radio — 
interested in more than just 
sport He was not taken in by 
sport's self-importance. In 
book form, the conversations 
are a nice, if brief, read. He 
tells a story of how Leo 
Harrison “stumped somebody, 
and the batsman looked round 
with great indignation and 
Harrison said: Tt ain't half a 
bloody game, mate, is it?* ” 

Arlott had also brought out 
John ArtotPs 100 Greatest 
Batsmen. It is essentially a 
personal selection, be insists, 
and there are lots of pictures 
and reasonable number of 
statistics. Good writing can 
seem almost great when read 

If you were ever worried 
about the extent of your 
cricketing knowledge, an in- 
vestment m Barclays World 
of Cricket wfll soon set you to 
rights (Simon Barnes writes). 
Inis book was first out in 
1966, with a new edition in 
1980. and now another in 
1 986: since the last edition 1 80 
Test matches have been 
played. There are 64 new 
pages, and 300 new pictures, 
bringing the total to 700 pages 
and 850 pictures. It is cus- 
tomary for reviewers to mea- 
sure and weigh such books, 
but I have let myself off 
ft con tains everything yon 
didn’t know about cricket, but 
were too cool to ask last time 
you were in the member’s bar. 
.An illustration shows the 
evolution of the ball (“1 stone; 
2 piece of wood; 3 hide-bound 
ball; 4 Small's ball; 5 and 6 
Other improved balls; 7 
preseat day ball”), and an- 
other shows cricketers lying 
face down on the pitch at the 
approach of a doodlebug. 

There is a picture of “a 
typical Dutch cricket scene”, 
and a history of cricket in 
Papua New Guinea, a game 
introduced in 1890 “as a 

in a Hampshire accent: I 
believe everyone reads Arlott 
in an Arlott voice. Of Botham 
he writes: “Naturally the non- 
entities are against him — and 
have smeared him — without, 
though, destroying the image 
of England's greatest all- 
rounder of modem times.” Of 
Boycott “It is difficult to 
believe that he has that degree 
of happiness which his effort 
ought to have produced. He 
will be remembered as a quite 

a makin g — jf nn t unique — 

compiler of runs: a man of 
great ambition, great ability 
who did not achieve what be 

Cricket is the most talked 
about and written about of 
games, which makes The Book 
of Cricket Quotations a mine 

diversion from head-hunt- 

rag." Perhaps ihe same lauric ” d Sw 

would work with journalists. ff’JlJr'JSL-. mn t 

There is even, I read, a single 

cricket club in Peru: not a lot SISTVmSS^m 

of people know that. There is a “ASS, 

picture of the old cricket Awr ^ess, pneettd. 

ground in Hong Kong, which • i5pi*2£3i«L 

is now a park in which young £ 0,w > 
lovere take photographs. The 5° p , ps ' by " 

Chinese have never cared for i a 5*\ pnce *rrv . 
cricket •Other cricket boo 

There are biographies of 
just about everyone who mat- 
ters, histories of every or- £3.95. 1 

ganisation that has every “ e batsmen wb 
played, any sort of reasonable } 

cricket, and lots of other «htion indndes Dennis 
treats. Marcus Williams, my w accomplished the f 
colleague, has contributed a se “°“* r . 

piece on cricket stamps. The . • {*' eK: . 

book has everything you could Autobiography of 
possibly want from a cricket ” 3 ’„ Jack . 551 

reference book (including a IT 1 ? 1 
picture of John Woodcock, bshed by Macdonald 
our Cricket Correspondent), Pjess, pnee £8 
and is meticulously organized. ® an * hel» e ' e Jf ? a 
The book costs £25, but, gives llU* 51 , ,ae a ?**. 
valuk What a pleasant chap 1 

• Barclay's World of Cricket : • Ct f d ^"wgA, 

The Game from A- Z. General Cowdrey and Jwxathan 
editor E.W. Swan ton, editor ^^sted by Pelham 
Geoige Plumpire, consultant P™® £10,95. Pwkilyj 
editor John Woodcock. Pub- sether, tins one. **Qt> 
lished by Collins Willow, price d «“ * >°° ****** 
£25.00. through extra cover til 

of treats. “This game is inject- 
ing a dementia into those who 
play it,” said an Australian 
journalist of one-day cricket. 

Or Roger Iddison, a member 
of England's first touring 
party to Australia in 1861: “I 
don't think very much of their 
play, hot they're wonderful 
drinking men.” Or tl»fe “I 
mice saw a bowler in Australia 
thunder to the wicket and bowl 
a flat out underarm at the 
batsman. No warning given. 
Quite right too. In my pro- 
fession yon have to mystify the 
enemy,” from Field Marshall 
Viscount Montgomery. Or fi- 
nally — I could go on picking 
out examples all day — from 
Harold Larwood, on seeing 
Bradman dismissed cheaply 
by Gnbby Alim: “If that tittle 

bugger can do that to him, 
what might I do?” 

• Arlott in Conversation With 
Mike Brearley, by John Arlott 
and Mike Brearley. Published 
by Hodder and Stoughton, 
price £9.9.5 

• John Artotfs 100 Greatest 
Batsmen, by John Arlott. Pub- 
lished by Macdonald Queen 
Anne Press, price £14.95. 

• The Book of Cricket Quota- 
tions, by Peter Bail and David 
Hopps. Published by Stanley 
PauU price £635. 

• Other cricket books re- 
ceived indnde:7Af Centurions, 
by Patrick Murphy, published 
by Dent, Price £3.95. Profiles 
of the 21 batsmen who have 
scored a too of tons: the new 
edition includes Dennis Amiss 
who accomplished tire feat last 

• Flat Jack : The 
Autobiography of Jack 
Simmons, by Jack Simmons 
with Brian Bears haw. pub- 
lished by Macdonald Queen 
Anne Press, price £8.95. “I 
still can't believe it's all true. 
It's just like a fairy tale.” 
What a pleasant chap be is. 

• Good Enough, by Chris 
Cowdrey and Jonathan Smith. 
Published by Pelham Books, 
price £10,95. Perkily put to- 
gether, this one. **006813100: 
Why don't yon caress the ball 
through extra cover like your 
father did? Answer: If I could, 
I would.” 

• Limited Orers, by Mike 
Gatting, with Alan Lee. Pub- 
lished by Macdonald Queen 
Anne Press (£9.95). A not 
unslim volume containing the 
skipper's thoughts on the one- 
day game. 

• Cricket Rules OR: The Laws 
of Cricket ; by Geoff Hales, 
published by Black, price 
£3.50. A jolly explanation of 
cricketing laws. “In the un- 
likely event of rain falling in a 
cricket season-." as one sec- 
tion begins. How many ways 
can you be out from a wide? 
Stumped, hit wicket, run out, 
handled the ball, obstnicting 
the field. But even if the 
batsman is quite comprehen- 
sively stumped, there is still a 
one run penalty for the wide. 
Now you know. 

■ tr: X ••• f -> . * 

-'•;y • 

•' •> : • 

' A-; 

• 'V^ir*. I'i 


.. : '??>. 




White’s game is taking off 

Jimmy White, the richer by Johnson wil 
£60,500, left London by air for The to urn 
Toronto yesterday to play in the at the studi< 
Canadian Masters tournament Broadcasting 
after his 10-6 victory over Rex worth £6W 
. Williams on Sunday in the final the winner r 
of the Rothmans Grand Prix at The Belgis 
Reading. White received to which tl 
£55.000 as the winner’s prize players have 
and £5,500 for the highest break March 7 to 
of 1 38, which he compiled in the now go aheai 
first frame of his semi-final on seven of Ba: 
Saturday against Silvino Fran- room profe 
cisco. Belgian tele 

White is joined in Toronto by dates having 
Steve Davis, Dennis Taylor, Five of the 

Willie Thome, Tony Knowles, the new Ro 
Cliff Thorbum. Joe Johnson. March 14 ar 
the world champion, and Alex White and 1 
Higgins, these being the world's for Ostend, 
top eight players. On the open- ager, said 
ing day today, Taylor plays would talk 1 
Thorne and Knowles meets after the i 
Thorbum. Tomorrow Davis, event and ta 
who was beaten in last Year’s as to their a 
final by Taylor, facts Whit and end. 



Kick-off 7.30 unless stated Srtar t ay Now moer 1 

Littlewoods Cup unteesttetad 

Third Round 

Arsenal v Manchester C nasroivi 


^nDTT^i^ 2 Charlton V Are 

Charlton v OPR (7 .45) 2 Chelsea v wai 

Coventry v Oldham i umpoot v Me 

Everton v Sheffield W._ x Luton v opr 

By Sydney Frisian 
Johnson will take on Higgins. 

The tournament, to be played 
at the studios of the Canadian 
Broadcasting Corporation, is 
worth £62300 in prize-money, 
the winner receiving £18.750. 

The Belgian classic at Ostend. 
to which the world's top 16 
players have been invited from 
March 7 to J5 next year, may 
now go ahead without any of the 
seven of Barry Hearn’s Match- 
room professionals, a plea to 
Belgian television to alter the 
dates having foiled. 

Five of them win be playing in 
the new Rothmans League on 
March 14 and 1 5 and, although 
White and Taylor are available 
for Ostend, Hearn, their man- 
ager, said yesterday that be 
would talk to all seven players 
after the Canadian Masters 
event and take a team decision 
as to their availability for Osi- 

Hearn, meanwhile, is await- 
ing confirmation of a proposed 
eight-man tour to Peking, from 
March 5 to 8, to which he hopes 
to take his team of seven, 

Davis left for Toronto resolv- 
ing to put his shattered game 
together after being beaten 5-1 
by Williams in the Rothmans 
quarter-finals at Reading. Dav- 
is's last success in a principal 
tournament was at Derby six 
months ago when he defeated 
Thome in the final of the Dulux ; 
British Open. Since then he has 
been beaten by Johnson in the 1 
world championship final in 
May and by Thome in the , 
Matchroom' professional tour- 
nament at Southend last month. 

White is now on the crest of a 1 
wave, but he will not forget his 
stirring 5-4 victory over the 
young Scottish champion. Ste- 
phen Hendry, in the quarter- 
finals at Reading. 

POOLS FORECAST by Pau! Newman 


X A Vila v Leicester 
2 Charlton v Arsenal 

2 Chelsea « watfoni 

1 Liverpool v Norwich 

Shrewsbury v Hull 

Fourth division 

Wrexham v Aldershot-. — 

K>nasic»afl « n«es. Toomg and Maoism v 
Du Mien Hamm 


G«fe v doflar Soutnoon * Soutn umtpcoL 
l/»non i Caanwlofi 


round: Buongnam Tgam v wacesw Buntfwn 

and wmgflflfl » “fMVv G*iK»d » Cow#i. 
Fo»«stone v Canwoury- GmimsmM « pBinam 
nassnep * AsMonl. lewT u nggi v Banomy 
Uaftftyf T/gu » Ferw Gwr Moor Gimt v 
DmfiY fiacawi • Mieenunsi Rusnoen vCorfy. 
Siwwn v fismr. SttW«»|i » Bixtononh. 
TMne»»D»W. Tiwmn00BirPoOt8.W0»fcmMB 
• FvKUin Wflemul v Bromsgrow Wtney » 
Gloucester Pmoomci Cowen » Aneomr 
CENTRAL LEAGUE: Rnt anwoo 17 D irfeu 
suieai Mancresw* C*v* Sheflitfd Umwc l$ *5*. 
UcMiesBraudn v LiwdooI SimIMo wueneauii 
i 't-unrfeilona v Uaramw Umw 

Sewed dMwst BUcM# - HoWrtMi. MW»» 
&aatwoCnv wans Count* • Barrator 
OOi oonancWi t Fu«i|m i? Oi 
RUGBY UNION. Oub mstenn |7 iSl NwnwnuJ- 
mp ■ Msvacm Rouwei vHitdOmAM 
SQUASH RACKETS Amman Express Premier 
League iB 30 i AnJW Hal v PqundMreltfw 
Buwwas t*n Cow Aimun « Hate vmsi 
C ernn nunenew Nonttem v Arrow V*sge 
Vntf Menim v Hone aim Nenrngnam Contra t 
5 *oi rofflv. iwmowcamitim 
BASKETBALL:' British. M#eWS , 
am<ii rauna Tons' Hatrams x unuem ToocaB 

1 Man U v Coventry 
1 Newcastle * Oxtom 
INotUnFv Sttetf W 
1 Southampton v Man C 
1 Tottenham v WSnWedon 

Not on coupons; West 
Ham v Everton (Sunday). 


1 Barnsley v Blackburn 

2 Bradford v Reading 
X Brighton v Him 

1 Grimiy v Mflwafl 

1 1pswitfi v HuddarstaM 

i Leeds v Shrawsewy 
X OKJham v Poftamouth 
1 Ptymoutti v C Pataca 
2-Stoff U v Suretertand 
1 Stoics v Derby 
1 WBA v Birmlngtum 


1 BtetHjwet » Bristol c 
1 Brentford v Bolton 
1 Bristol R e Dartmqtcm 
1 Ctwsterv WnteatT 
1 Doncaster v Fulham 

1 GiBngtam v Ctosterfld 

2 Newport v Notts Co 

2 Rothertiam v MansfleW 
1 SwmOon v York 
1 Wigan v Carlisle 

Not on coupons: Bury v 
Poo Vale; Middlesbrough 
v Bournemouth. 


1 Bumtoy v Peterboro 

2 Hartlepool v Nthampton 

1 Here lord v Aldershot 

2 Uncotn v Tranmere 
X Preston v Exeter 

X Scunthorpe v Wrexham 
1 Swansea v Rochdale 

Not on coupons: Cam- 
bridge v Crowe (Fridayt 
Co^toSter v Wolves (Fri- 
day); Halifax v Carddi 
tFndayk Onant v Stwfcprt 
(Fndajf Souttond v Tor- 
quay (Frtday). 



1 Maidstone » Stafford 
1 Northwich v Westdstone 
1 Nuneaton v Gateshead 

1 Sea rbora v Kettering 
X Sutton u v Bath 

2 WeSmg v Telford 

X Celtic v Rangers 
X Dundee v Aberdeen 
X PaUdrit v CMebank 
1 Hearts v Hibernian 

1 MotherweS v Hamilton 
X St Mrren v Dundee U 


2 Brechin v Dunbarton 

1 Duntermhe v Klmamdt 

2 Montrose v CWde 
1 Monon v E Fite 
X Partfck v Airdrie 
1 Q of Sdt v Forfar 


2ABXon« Raith 
1 AtoavEStHng 
Not on coupons: Arbroath 
v Stranraer Cowdenbeath 
v StenhouMmuif; 
Msadowbank v Staffing; 
Queen s Park v Berwick: 
St Johnstone v Ayr. 

HOKES: Manctostar United. Southamp- 
ton. Tottenham. Leeds. Brentford. G Sing- 
ham. Swinoon. Wigan. Swansea, 
Nuneaton. Scarborough. AJtoa. 

FIXED 0D0& Homes Tbtteninn. Leeds. 
GAngtom, Wigan. Swansea. Amaya: 
Arsenal. Heading. Nort ha mp t on. Draws; 
Oldham. Scunthorpe, CeWe. 

TREBLE CHANCE (noma teams* Aston 
VUia. Luton. Brighton, Oldham. Preston. 
Scunthorpe. Sutton United. Celtic. Dun- 
dee. Falkirk. St Mirren. Partidc 
BEST DRAWS: Luton. Oldham. Preston. 
Scunthorpe. GeWc. 

AWAY& Arsenal. Reading. MartsfleU. 
Northampton. TflUorfiL 


Lloyd the 
for United 

By Nicholas Harling 

Sharp Manchester United are 
wasting no lime in their attempt 
to resurrect a season so rudely 
interrupted by their first two 
Carisberg League defeats in 1 1 
months and two serious 

Having lost Will Brown, their 
American, with a broken jaw in 
training, and then Kevin Penny 
with a wrist fracture in 
Saturday's 98-85 defeat at BCP 
London, in which they also had 
Derrick Phillips, their other 
American, disqualified for 
punching Cedric Frederick, 
United have a replacement 
American flying in today. 

Nigel Lloyd, who has- spent 
the last two seasons with 
Hemel/Watford Royals before 
returning to play for Los An- 
geles Clippers, is the man the 
league champions have chosen 
as a temporary deputy for 
Brown. The guard, aged 24. was 
recommended to Joe Wheiion, 
United's coach, by Rick Taylor, 
the club's general manager and 
former coach of Hemel. “i 
wanted someone who preferably 
had played in the league.” 
Wheiion said. “He has obvi- 
ously been playing well and I 
had always liked him. I didn't 
want to bring in a stranger.” 

United may well have been 
strangers, themselves, the way 
they played at Uxbridge on 
Saturday where they never 
recovered from the home side's 
opening onslaught, which gave 
them a 25-9 advantage by 
midway through the half after 
which their unbeaten record was 
never threatened. "We didn’t 
realize how much we would 
miss Brown," said Wheiion. 

Draper Tools Solent, United’s 
Prudential National Cup oppo- 
nents on November 5. also have 
their problems judging by their 
79-72 home defeat by Reg 
Vardy Sunderland. Under Jim 
Brandon, their new coach, 
Sunderland's second successive 
victory came with the help of 
McCray (25) and Taylor, a 6ft 
6in schoolboy. 


■X '■*. 




Guide to onr in-line racecard 

(MW2 TWESFOBM (CQOT) (Mn J Rytey) B Kan 9-10-0 - 


By Mandarin 


1.30 Kings Touch. 

100 Denaho. 

130 Tyrannise. 

3.00 LEGAL BID (nap). 

3.30 Actualizations. 

4.00 Tyrian Princess. 

By Ow Newmarket 
1.30 Love At Last. 

10Q Patriotic. 

230 Davillia. 

3.00 Legal Bid. 

330 Green For Danger. 

4.00 Wood Pecker. 

Racecard nunner. Draw m bradcota. Sx-figura <fig * nc * ^'* ano w .- famnH * “52 

term (F-«l Pruned on. owtuod nder. B- nog. Owner « bcaaie a. Trade r. _ag e and 
txrxjnta down. 5-staoeduo. R-rWused). Horse's wffQM- Refer pfas any donflOL The Tones 
SEwisSXr^EE. wW&WWttC- PrwMHwttowersrasPB. AportMmwsaws 
course winner. D-dctamcs m»w. C&couneand price. 

Michael Seely's selection; 4.00 PHARAOH BLUE (nap?. 

Going: good Draw: 5f-6f high numbers best 

130 REPTON CLAIMING STAKES (3-Y-O: £2,113: 60 (23 runners) 

1 (9) 000400 D£8»E D06 (D) (N Robinson) C Thornton 9-7 JLnwe 85 — 

4 (tS) 180000 LUNAR SHAMAL-GAL (B) fA Atjuflxxjl) G Pritdwrd-GonJoo 9-2 . R Cochran* 76 — 

7 (23) 000000 OCEAN TRADER (BiD) (A MufingsJG Lewis 94> PWoMron * — 

13 {5) 00-300 KINGS RING (R HKhanjs] D Hartoy 8-12 SWHtmrti — — 

14 (14) 303400 SUPSJCOOMBC (E Jameson) P Cote 8-12 »«*■ 

15(16) 212401 JACOB JOY (Mrs I RaWfcrJK hmyHI ASho«Ma(3) 74 5-1 

IB (22) 000000 TOUNGPUOGT(DCoopenha«)R HoiSnd»a<JB-11 SPeria « ~ 

17 (4) 040002 JONGS TOUCH (D) (Mrs S MacMaster) P Malrin 8-10 — 

18 pi) 040200 COURT TOWN pHwgsnJR Hannon B-9 B Rouse 92F7-Z 

19(16) 1-00000 HOPERIU. OAHCER (8) (Mrs J Regter) R Hannon 8-8 AMcGtem 

20 (7) 300000 tOW FLYER (C V*n W^k) G OWroyd 8-7 Q Bmm 

21 (3) 0 PROGO (fl Warren) R Hoad 8-7 „ WNewras ■— — 1 

3 JO WHATTON MANOR STUD (2-Y-O: £3.766: 1m 50yd) (19 runners) 

1(16) 1 TWEETBtgGarca4ta*C^GHerw00a94!^_^ ACM 

7(11) 0 STON2E BUCK (StaddJ A A/ M Janns 8-1 1 

8 (1) 0 BURLY NATIVE (Heattanon Sables LM) S Ptsetmo-Gorflon fril. S Ce net 

g (4) BY Tlffi RflEStD e (REA BOfl Ufl) C Nation fl-n JAM} 

IS (10) 0 GOLD SCEPTRE (F Salmon) P Cote 8-11— T Onion 

17 (6) HQL.TERMANN |K AotJuSa) J Tree Ml — FMEdOtiy 

20 { 73 } LEGAL 8H7(WFanso ffl) Head t-vt SCeuHwn 

21 (15) 0 HtDSADGE (F Sabfttfl) M ftBKOB 8-H JLom 

23 (14) PALACE SONG (A Anaatasou) A Charter 8-1 1 RCoctam 

34 (5) PALAIS KOANSE (The Queen) WHasungsGm 8-11 R Uncap) 

25 (91 0 RATWJSRUM (Mn A Chapman) MPresaw Ml — RCocn 

28(17) 0 AtfiQBAMBMOffi Men>cHii)W Breaks B- II N Adana 

30(19) 0 TRANBY CROFT (H McCraery) L Piggotl B-11 BCWrtHy 

31 (3) 0 TRAPPER (Mrs V Ryder) P Cole 8-11 — — 

35 (7) 0 CANARY WHARF (J Ruddy) F Duff 8-8. WNmm 

37 |8) 0 DALBY DANCER U BentXM) P FeJgete fr8 AHodny 

38(13) 0 DEBUTANTE BALL (J AdgerJD Money 88 Wtteod 

44 (2) 2 5CAU.YXATH (S Jack) R Hodges 8-B ^ 

48(129 2 TUU£C«eAN(HnniOKteS&x8JOu4opM v _ RFox 

1985: SHTARH 8-8 A Uutiay (1 1 -2) H Thomson Jones 8 ran 


27 (3) 0 PROGO (R Warren) R Hoad 8-7 „ WNewras — Tf 

23 (17) 0-00200 GLOBAL (taohal Homes Ltd) W Musian 8-5 — ...... II Wlgham SB in-i 

24 (11) 203010 IMPERIAL SUNWSE(B43) (A DWananJMWEaswtyS^ 7~ “ — 

25 (6) 04)0010 KELLY UNDO (Mra P Cosgrave) J Cosgrove 8-5 QDMoa ao — 

27 (15) 200240 MADAM MUFFW (BF)(Q Loe« JBaBieffW — ^.PatEddray S7 

28 (ffl 04M WHO'S THAT GBtU (B) (Mrs A BottOT) M FtetaratonGodley 8-4 C Hat ter (3) — — 

29 (12) 003001 PAD0M6TQN BELLE (V.D) (Mbs 0 JmviS} B StWWS 8-3 G French 75 SHf 

30 (2) 000030 SPANISH INFANTA (E FtaSnson) P FeJgme 8-2 7B — 

31 (1) 000300 THE STAMP DEALS! (J MOOres) E Alston 8-2 T WW« « — 

34 (13) Zt-OOOO HERABNDA (Mra A KkU} M Vigors 7-13 _SDiW»i 31 

38 (119 3333Z LOVE AT LAST (Mre MChBrtton)WHaaangs-Bas* 7-13 RUnea(3) 32 9-2 

37 (20) WLMAX (E Gettwi) B McMahon 7-13 — - — — G Carter 

198S: No eoneepontfag mea 

151 into 6th Dy 
unfanoed. ran 
Setedfoo: TWEETER 

130 LESTER P1GGOTT FINAL HANDICAP (£1.797: 1m 50yd) (20 runners) 

2 (IQ 0-00000 BRAMPTON GRACE (W WnarWn) W Whanon A5-10-- 

3 (1) 200002 XHAI (M Tomptana) M Tompkins 4-9-9 M lWn wer 

6 (6) 000000 CREEABEH (J Barry) W Whanon 4U*M> — RCUoH 

8 (15) 000000 SPARKT LAD (D Kely) A Jarws 3-943 PatEdeMy 

10 (Q 000000 IVORY GULL (SheM) MohsnvnixPJ DurSop 34-2 BRuae 

11 (2) 120004 EVERY EFFORT (M Klan) R Hokter 4^-1 SCMSMR 

12 (IQ 0-00230 KTMAND IMAGE (T Btaka) R Hutthmson 4^1 JRMd 

14 (20) 223000 HUN BY JOVE (V) (5 Omsme) p Haslain BB-13. — TW WUmi 

17 (11) 23404)3 MAXALU(TWterw)M Janos 3-8-12- Tlucoa 

20 (3) 2-0000 FLORAL CHARGE (T HoftMxM4artn) R Johnson Houghton SB-11 PWahfeaa 

21 (4) 04000 CHART CUMBER (C WngfR] D Lang 3-S-IO SWMMnh 

22 (18) 00-3002 GHEBI FOH DANGER (A Shead) J HnSey 2L8G A Sh r Mta g) 

23 (IQ 010400 TIP-TAP (JW&ertorcajA Hide 4-8-9 PBtoemWd 

24 (9) 000003 VAB3UAH (B) (Mrs D SWrtey) J Bcthefl 3-03 PautEtVMy 

25 (5) 000030 SILLY BOV pit BycroS) N Byeroft 6-84 JLowe 

28 (12) 034242 ACTUALIZATIONS USA (R Stokes) L Cwnara 3-89 RCoetew 

29 (17) 0204)00 AZBLLY (Mm H PlomHjf] T BE 3-8-8 N C a rSrt a 

30 (7) 140404 BLACXCOMB3V(BF) (Mis WGertausaOM Ryan 34» GCerttf 

32 (13) IQ/2-004 RIO DEVA (C) (Ockns Ltd> J Harris 8-8-8 RLapf*)(7) 

33(14] 320002 FARAG (CDJBF) (H AI-MaktOUD) P Watwytl 3-8-8 DMaotf(7> 

UB5: GURTEBi BOY 34-7 A McGtone (ID-1) R HannoR 19 ran 

G Carter 


100 FULL CHOKE HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £1.459: 2m 23) (16 runners) 

1 (3) 
3 (10) 

7 n<h 

020400 NDLTESCENS (BJSJB^ (A MansfieW) A Jarvis 9-7 

034004 CAROUSEL ROCKET (A SecoamanOo) R WaJakBf 3S — 

M Eddery 

K Btadatawr gj) 

J Low* 

•99 9-2 
92 15-2 

f |13| 
q rtn 

rwirvu luniu ot «TA /Mm <S HiHl D Ocaman 8-10 — — 


90 — 

■> V°T 

11 P) 

12 (14) 

1 C 171 

203034 DEIfflERDAR (D Newton) H HattBSwod 87 SP«fca 

000041 LOST OPPORTUNITY (V) (Shedch MAI SatHh) JBathal 8-7 (7ox) WNawnaa 

91 4-1 
94 — 

lO \r) 

■ T Oaten 

90 — 

if V*4 
18 (1) 

000 QEX (Venture Cham ftod Ltd) R Atatwnt 8-1 


19 (4) 

M] jAl 

04040 KASU (S Tabemef) J Hants 8-1 

— A Fraud 

94 — 

22 (91 

we Mm 


_hbmh> (A MBCABJf 


2D I'W 

rnrmmM tJ Mrmn nw? P T - 7 


90 — 

28 (0/ 
29 fl3) 

000000 BULLY BOY (A ftchartte) D Hantey 7-7 

G Carter 

Bfotangoa I^MdHO 

97 — 

30 (11) 

31 (3) 

0-40044 GO FLAMMGOP McDuffie) A Jamas 7-7 

— - moon Man 


n — 

AJ0 EAST MIDLAND NURSERY HANDICAP (2-Y-O: £1,734: 1m 50yd) (20 runners) 

9 iim iMn ARfOHTMF [Lard Mrtwvanl D MartH S4T-.— .... R Dad 88 

130 BITTER END SELLING HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £911: 1m 21) (16 runners) 

1 (IQ 3-0004 DAVALUA (B.BF) (Lord FeifftBven) D Moriey 9-7. ROjchrana 

2 (1) 000 DBflECE(B)(J Norton) J Norton M .AOdhmi(7) 

3 (15) 040 WORTH DEBATING (M Ctemence) G Gaines 8-12 — 

4 1 15) 004)000 GARY AND LARRY [Miss D HaBsworth) P Beran 8-10 — 

5 (7) 2004)03 UB-TA UMA (B) (H Dfl Lisser) G KindersJsy 8-10 JReid 

10 ffl) 000100 DRESS IN SPWNG(SprtngHou» Dresses Ltf) G Blum M MWmmor 

11 (3) 04)0000 UNION SPRINGTIME (LWon Spring Res) R WHlakflr 8-* -KBrodehoorg) 

12 (4) 000-00 MOSSAU (M MacCarttiy) G Thomer 8-3 M Woodap) 

14 (Q 400200 BEE-KAY-ESS (B Syimnda) R Hokter 8-2 — SDawaon 07 132 

15 (6) 04)0000 BAYDONQUEBI (A Richards) D Hanley 8-1 S Whttamrih — 12-1 

16 (14) 004*02 rouCSWOOO(KW«jdat9M Camacho 84) 4U»we *5 4-1 

17(11) (MOO NAME THE DAY (B) (J Doutfas-Home) J Dougtes-Hom# 84) WNeemoa — 8-1 

18 (8) 04)020 TYRANNISE (D BaS) B McMahon 7-13 A Mackoy 98 10-1 

21 (2) 000000 MtSS VENEZUELA (Mrs S Popwch) B Swmns 7-10 Gftoneh 93 — 

22 (12) 4-40400 ANDREA'S PRIDE (J Carson) A Smith 7-9 GCatter MB — 

24 (13) 0-0000 GROSVENOR COURT (V) (W Wharton) W Wharton 7-7 — *7 — 

1985: MHJNA 8-5 B Mc&ft (15-2) T Barron 24 ran 

4010 ABSINTHE (Lord Fahhaven) DMortay 87 ROaost 

01000 PWTA CALAHOMJA (Q (D Fauemnr) N Byouft9-7 H Oacena ra 

341300 BATTUEAXE (B.C) (C CoiQ J ToOer 94! SCmbto 

203 WOODPECKffl (Mrs H Jones) H Thomson Jones 9-1 "We 

4340 GENTLE DAWUS (T RamSden) M Ryan 8-12 — MGB*» 

00322 SUPREME STATE (T Wattrd) P Metan 8-11 SP**> 

0300 GUNNER STREAM (V Kefy) R Hokter 0-10 JHeid 

400 SKOLERN (G LaeOiam) M W EastetOy 8-9 TUacaa 

140040 WERON PRESS (OtterdawnAS® Ud) OArtWBmM8< ACtedc 

300 FOREIGN KMGHT(N PhAps) M BUnshard 8-8 BRane 

3003 KING RJCHARD (D Hiamaatt) J Durtop M RFo* 

000323 CAMMAC LAD (Cammec Ltd) C Trider 8-6 — 

01 TYRIAN PRINCESS (WPOnsoWJy)P Cole 8-t TQata 

00003 CHESTB1 TERRACE (L Seiner) P Walwyn 8-4 PaMEOdary 

040012 MQJSROVE (B) (J RowMOOm) J Ethemgian 84! JUwre 

400030 CTTY FINAL (Mrs P TeflwngM) R HofcnsheadM ACttnM(7) 

0030 SOULElADOU(B) (Mrs VLongcroldR Johnson HOagMonfta RQaaaC 

120422 PHARAOH BLUE (Mrs C Patens) C Snttart 8-3 M Roberta 

400000 PERSIAN TAPESTRY (B) (BMteid Manor Farms) J Francome 8-3 W Newnae 

000001 RBOCTL (Mrs E Pyle) RShaaBier 7-12 Dale CRbeon (7) 

1985: FARAG 8-13 J Mereer (154) P Wtfwyn 15 can 

B-0)^l3rd and GENTLE DARIUS 04)) 2»l lurther away 48i behind Arden (M> at 8«ertBy(lm 

100yds. El 832. firm. Sept 24, 15 ran). SUPHElfe STATE (S-2) 

Lkm CrDee(B-3) ewer 51 U Beverley (1 6S7. firm. Sept 25. 15r»i). IOHG ™OIARD O-7)h«IP0«AN TAP»- 
TRY (8-4)25H nek in 7ih when 1i^mPir1eaSirangw(9-3)atWan ^(lre.ri6l3 ^6rm._Oq l4 iSran). 
TYRIAN PRWICgSS (B^9) fintthed weHtn wm a Newmarimt se8ar by ^UhomHMleys Riii( frlI)(7T . PI33. 

short head away 4ft. 


IT. firm. Sept 26, 11 ran), with HERON 

(8-9) was head and 

Course specialists 

■ — - *■■■ ian).auii wiu uuim nassome rorm minis spnaa mcmwng ;g-ui aairia m mmwyuw 
11) at Newmartet (81. El 831. good to firm. May 30. UranL InconsistBm DRESS WSPRRIG (8-6) beat Oc6j» 
(8-0) 141 at NewimaW in August (7f.D 999. good, Aug 22. 13 ran]. BAYDOH QUH3I (8-8) and NAME THE DAY 
(8-87 well beaten Sttr and 6th to La Caodota (84) at Liraaoid (1m 4t, £901. good. Sept 16. 12 ran). 
FOUCSWOOD 8-7) 41 2nd to Carr WPod (8-7) at Betwtoy Q5(. &50 . good to soft. AueZ7. 1 8 ran). TYRANMS 
has been lighti)H«»d and (8-11) was 312nd to maid of Hontteur (8*11) in early July (A, £547, good toflrnt, July 
2 . 11 ran). 

2.11 ran). 

Setechon: DAVILLIA 



Winners Rwmers 









Pad Eddery 







40 JO 





C Tinkler 








J Dunlop 




Retd Eddery 




H T Jones 





A Jarvis 




Expensive losers find new homes Five for Cockney Lass 

For every winner there are 
many losers in the competitive 
world of racing. None more so 
than the large numbers of horses 
that attempt to give their owners 
a taste of that coveted glory. In 
the case of the Arab owned 
racehorses, whose purchase 
price put them well out (he 
reaches of the run of the mill 
owner, their losses are extremely 

Now that the Arab ruling 
families tend to dominate the 
Flat racing scene with expen- 
sively bought blue bloods, one 

By Christopher Goolding 
does not hear about their vast 
numbers of disappointments. 
But this cannot be better illus- 
trated than by a glance at the 
horses in. training sale, which 
started at Newmarket yesterday. 

Dariey Stud, the trading name 
for Sheikh Mohammed, are 
selling 47 lots. Some are borne 
bred, but 36 were bought at 
public auction. In America, 16 
were purchased for S3J26 mil- 
lion, another 22 were bought in 
England, France and Ireland for 
2.769 million guineas. 

The most expensive purchase 
is the John Dunlop trained Hal 
Laab, SUS7,OOO.OOa The best 
he could do for his owner was at 
Goodwood where he collected 
£1 97.6a after finishing last of 

four runners. 

Despite their depreciation in 
value, they will be highly sought 
after. The majority of them will 
be raced under National Hunt 
rules. Others will find their way 
to the smaller trainers on the 
Flat who have more time to let 
them develop their full poten- 

Front Our Irish Racing Correspondent, Dublin 
Mr Joseph Morrissey, of St Murphystown Handle with Son 

Louis, has made a great start 
with his first venture into blood- 
stock in Ireland. His three-year- 
old filly Cockney Lass who is 
unbeaten, won her fifth race at 
Leopaidstown yesterday. 

Cockney Lass was in the rear 
tnrning into the straight, but she 
passed eight of her rivals, 
including the English challenger 
Lnndylox. in the final furlong to 
win by a length. She remains in 
training next year. 

Dermot Wrfd, the fillies 
trainer, earlier won the 

Of Ivor who had been third in 
the Triumph Hurdle at Chelten- 
ham in March- WeM said: “I 
will ran him in one more bardie 
race here next month and then 
send him to chasing in the new 

Vincent O'Brien had a change 
of lock with his two-year-old 
with Golden Aisle, who won the 
Dodder Maiden in a photo- 
finish- He is hardly going to be 
as good as his pedigree suggests, 
being a son of the Epsom Derby 
winner Golden Fleece* 



By Mandarin 

1.15 Ice Chocolate. 

1 .45 Miss Apex- 
2.1 5 Rare Legend. 
Z45 Chili bang. 

3.15 Hopeful Katie. 

3.45 Anubi. 

4.10 Lake Erie. 

By Our Newmarket 

1.15 Ice Chocolate. 

1.45 Polynor. 

2.15 Mevagissey. 

2.45 Domineering. 

3.15 Apprila. 

4.15 MubdL 
4.10 Lake Erie. 

2.45 PROVIDED STAKES (2-Y-O: £1,769: 51) (5 runners) 

1 (4) 1Q1121 CH8AANG (D) (Mra H Henz) J Duntap 9-5 

5 (3) 02342 BALKAN LEADER (A Budge Urf) Jimmy FtegaraM 8-11. 

8 (1) 00 KM BAN SON (B Klpatncfc) A Smith 9-11 

10 (5) 002 SKI CAPTAIN (B) (J EOwtigton) J atwrington 8-11 

12 (2) 0 DOMBCERMG (Capt M Lams) C Brittain 8-fl 

WCwsan #99 F5-4 

A Murray M 7-2 

K Hodgson 7833-1 

M Wood 94 941 

WRSMnbwn — 8-1 

1985: H0NBN6 ANGEL 94) A Shoutts 6*5) J Mfldtoy 5 m 

3.15 GANTON HANDICAP {£2,845: 7f) (23 runners) 

112004 SIGNORE ODQNE (B Shaw) M H Easterby 44-12- 

9 (22) 00004)0 CHRISTMAS COTTAGE (BJ)) (Mrs P Mason) A Robson B4M . 

By Michael Seely 
2.45 Chilibang. 4.10 Lake Erie. 

The Times Private HandicappeCs top rating 4.10 LAKE ERIE. 

Going: good Draw: no advantage 

1.15 EAGLESCUFFE MAIDEN STAKES (2-Y-O: £1,894:60(26 runners) 

002 ABU MUSLAB(BF)(M Salem) BHanbury 94) 

. G Baxter *99 7-2 

ALf-MAR-HEL (Mrs M Dtxon) J Jefferson 9-0- 

M Wood 



000 ATAKASHACX (Mss E Curtis) G Calvert &-0 

N Rodgm (7) 

023 BILLY CONNOLLY (W Joyce) M Brittain 90 . 

K Dariey 



0 BREGA (C WngW) T Faktrurst 9-0 

0 CAROL'S MEK3KTS (T Hammond) J Partes 9-0 



J (kSm (5) 





0 WTTtOVERT (P Heteal) A Smith M _ 

S Webstar 

00 ROYAL TOWEH (Mrs G Spink) H Jones 9-0 


. JBteeseriste 




33 AZYAA (W) (H Ai-Maktoum) H Thomson Jones 8-11 — 

A Murray 

91 F&4 

DAWN SKI (Mrs j PaSster) C Thornton 8-11~~ 

0 EIGHT »HLE ROCK (E St George) MW Easterby 8-11 — 
A ICE *W>COl ATF iO .*?>)*?*'? w Jffrvte 8-’ 1 





00 LONG VIEW (Mrs L Caley) Mrs G Revetey 0-11 


40 MCOPHANA(ROl9iata)D inosa 8-11 

000 SALLY FOXTROT (C ThomtOT) C Ttarttan 8-11 


HTabbuU (7) 




400 APPRILA (The Dowager Lady Boavarbrook) C Brittain 3-84) A Moray 

030003 BELLA DAMNS (C) (R Stephenson) W A Staptwnson 44L13 — MHfndoyP) 

130102 HOPEFUL KATE (□) (N CatrtharrM) O Lasts 4-813 J WBKuns 

020000 FESTIVITY (T HaBand-Martm) D Artwthnot 3-8-12 WRSwMMon 

000020 SHARP SHOT (BF) (Windflower Overseas) J Dunlop 5-8-1 1 WCnon 

000000 MEL'S CHOICE (CJ>> (M Brittain) M Bnttain 8-8-9 KDortay 

04040 LUCKY BLAKE (W Robson) C Tharraon 3-8-9 NON-RUNNEH 

001000 THATCHERED (J Fry) J Berry 5-8-3 M Fry 

011300 ZIO PEPPmo (CO) (Mrs C Uoyd-Jones) Mrs C Uoyd-Jones 5-8-6 — 

0000 HUMBLE BEAUTY (A Satan) A Jarvis 3-8-5 — 

001044 HAYWAIN (VJ>) (D Deer) B Hits 3-8-3 P Ml (7J 

000400 AITCHANDOUBLEYOU (S WcxxtaiO T Barren 3-8-3 — 

300314 BROADHURST (B.C) (L Baker) J EttanngiQn 3-8-2 S WOtasMr 

020000 AFFAJTAB f Don E Ineoa) E Inosa 3-7-13. M D a rera ft 

000000 CLAWSON THORNS (Mrs V Coteoian) Denys SmttH 3-7-n LCbamoefc 

000020 BAXTERGATE (V) (Mrs J Payne) J Payne 3-7-1 1 GBonhnBfT) 

000000 TOP OTHXANE (CO) (R CouRon) N Bycroft 97-9 PRotateon 

(9) O-OIOOO JUST T« TICKET (F May) C Booth 3-7-7, 

400000 OFF YOUR MARK (A DurtMtfl G Calvert 8-7-7 

000300 KING COLE (P Coiqufioun] Mrs G Havafay 4-7-7 

00/000 DRUMBAHHA (Q Giadstona) P Wighani 4-77 

1985: NIMAVIA 3-104) GStafkoy (6-1 (av) G Harwood 26 ran 


P Bottom (7) 

0 TAYLOR CARES (Taylors of Soham Ud) D Lesfie 8-11 

0 TRICKLE (SJofinSttnjWHalgli 8-11 

WttJjOWTflEE GIRL (T Morton) R Wtetaker 6-11 

1985: KINGS TCSJCH 94) Q Baxter (1S42) P Moktn 23 ran 


1.45 BRASS CASTLE SELLING HANDICAP (£1 ,022: 1m 2f) (15 runners) 

330010 MISS APEX (V) (R Gnffltfo) F Yaultoy 4-9-7 JWMama 

000400 CHEVET LADY (D) (0 (Sbbons) R WMaker 3S-4 OMeKanom 

3-45 E BF MUNICIPAL STAKES (2-Y-O: 1m) (13 runners) 

4 (2) 2301 MUSDI (H AHiAaKnum) H Thomson Joms 9-4 

5 (6) 0 ANOTHER NONSENSE (B Haggas) M Prescott 8-11 

Bra 04 ANUB(Studcrown LM) LCumav 8-n 

8(12) BARN FIVE SOUTH (A Bslzarlnl) O Douteb Ml 

11(1^ 40 BOU) AS OOLO (Mrs RSar«)M Usher 8-11 

23 (3) 00 GOLDEN GAME (P Carr) G Calvert 8-11 

29 (4) 00 ONE TO NOTE (Mre M OToote) G TUlkter 8-11 

30 18) 03 PRMETTA PRMCE (P LflwM W Pearce 8-11 

S9 11} HA7SHS , SUT(B KBparicfcJA Smth B4 

40 (11) 30002 M A SPW (R Hebb) M Bnttain 8-8 

42(K)) MABUHAY (Mrs sCafflaeho)M Camacho 8^ 

43 (5) 30 MISCHIEVOUS MOSS (W Barker) Miss S Hall 8-8 

48 (7) WISCONSIN (G Reed) C Thornton 8-8 

1905: IVYBRtUGE 9-7 G Sttrfcey (8-15 lav) G Harwood 12 

—■ A Murray 

C Nadar 

— W Canon 
_ RModwio 
N Rodger* (7) 

— DMcbofis 
... K Hodgson 

— G Sextan 
M Birch 

7 (7) 04)0400 GEM MART (B) (J White) c Holmes 4-9-3 

8 (5) 020000 CHARMMG VIEW (Mra A Jones) H Janes 4-9-1 

10 (4) 400100 MR MUSIC MAN (□) (Mra CReawy) Mrs CFtaavey 12-8-12. 

12 (12) 000090 PATRIC3CS STAB (jRt^eralfl) Jimmy HBoeraid 3-8-1 1_»» 

13 (3) 00004Q/ REMAINDER GBL (R JuckSS) R JucKsg 54S-1 1 

Id (15) 3/000-44 HALF SHAFT (W A Stephenson) W A SMplMfflon 6-6-10 

15 (6) 4404)00 POLYNOR (M Ryan) M Ryan 5-8-10 

16 (9) 021000 LARNEN (R Cartwnghl) T FairtKirst 3*83 

G Baxter 

W Ryan 

2 N Day 

A Many 



— G BanhHl (7) 
P Robinson 

4,10 UNKS MAIDEN STAKES (Drv II: £684: 1m 41) (15) 

18 (8) 000004 FILL ABUMPER (Mas R Jeffreys) R HoUnahaad 4-8^ 

18 (10) 004104 MY OBIYA (8) IftfrsHAkyur) 8 McMahon 3-8-8 

20 (11) 0490030 SMART MAN [F YarcBey) F Yardley 7-8-5 

22 (14) 000000 GLB1DERRY (8) (Mrs A Jones) H Jonas 4-8-1 

23 (2) 030000 RES NON VERBA (B) (Mrs MBaldwi) MteS LSWtf 3*1. 



. B Thomson 
„ W Carton 


ififfi: RUSTIC TRACK Sfrfl 0 LaoriMter (5^ Denys Smith 14 imi 

00- OLEANDRM (A Had) Jimmy Fitzgarald 4-94)..__ 

0 PRETTY AMAZING (T Glananning) D Moflatt 544) — 

000000 RACING DEMON (P Lam) F Carr 4-943 

00/002 SAGAX (G Rickman) Miss S Hall 4-94) 

00 RESTA DANCE (JRowies)JLwgti 34-8 

2 LAKE ERE (R Sflmgstw) M $tqute 3-8-8 

00 NO DEA (Mra V Mooroy) M H EaswrUy 

0042 StKTH W12ARD (8) (S Nkarchoa) O Dcxisb 3-8-8 

200233 SOLVENT (BP) (Mra P Yang) m Jons 3-8-6 

J Quinn (5) 

J Carr (7) 




K Hodgson 


A Murray 

at — 
70 — 
• 99F3-1 

3 TOUKSMP(HHAgaKlBfl)R Johnson Hoogwon 3*8 KOtrfey 

2.15 LINKS MAIDBI STAKES (Dhr I: £684: 1m 4f) 0 

2 (4) 4- CHIEF JESTER (Mrs A Shew®) Denys Sntth6*4)_ 

3 (3) 0000041 CRAIGS VENTURE (Mrs E Rodge) E Carter 4-84) _ 

5 (T3 004000 ICKWORTH [Lflrd Bristol) F Durr 4-9-0, — 

6 (9) 000000 MINDER'S MAN (B) fD RusseS) W Pearce 4-9-0 

32 ( 5 ) 3-00200 COOL GALES (Mra EV69tBy}GPrtatonLGardon3-$S Abigail Rtehhfda (7) 

12 (13 004)000 PARAVAfE (O Mesa) 0 Indsa d^-ii „ 

— — LChamocfc 
Wendy Carter (7) 

E Guest (3) 

P Nictate 

M B eo cr nlt 

4-24 NMOTCHKA (BF) (Mtes K Rausng) W Hem 3-8-5 W Canon 

222040 NO DOUBLET (Sheikh Monammod) B Has 3-8-5 B Thomson 

4 SAVE IT LASS (J HobS*i)R Hotenstaod 3-8-5 — - RUppInP) 

40 SWHT DEULAH (T Ramsden) M Ryan 3^-5 PRowhos 

1985: PRIMROSE VALLEY 3-8-5 T Ives (11-10 (av) J Durdon 16 ran 

04)043 HURRICANE HENRY (BF)(E St George) MW Easterby 3-843 MBbch 

20 MEVAGISSEY (BF) (B Hanfaury) B Hantary 3*8 G Baxter 

00004) RAFFLES ROGUE (B Rostron) M Camacho - — OSamm 

000423 SOMETHING SIMILAR (A Mactaggart) Jimny fingerald 38-8„... A Monty 

030022 AffiCRAFTIE (H Koshdl) B Hffl$ 3-88 SThormoo 

004)04 FtSSURE (J Rowlea) J Leigh 3-9-5 SMorrt* 

000 GOOD NATURE) (Exora ol J Coggan) R Johnson Houghton 3-8-5 KDwtey 

430230 INDIAN LOVE SONG (Mrs P Good) R Hofinshead 3-8-5 — WCnon 

0-0024 RARE l£GEND(MSmeW)M Ryan 3-8-5 PHottnoeo 

0 sir ElnAAS (H AFMaWwjm) H Thomson Jonas 3-84 PD’Arcy 

1985: PRIMROSE VALLEY 3-8-6 T hwS (1 1-lQ lav) J Dunlop 18 ran 

Course specialists 













A Enron 




M Stoma 




W Ryan 




J Dunlop 








H T Jones 




J Rteasdate 




M Prescott 








Orty qualifiers 

* * # ■» * 

Sonic Lady (right), has settled down weft in her quest to win the 
Breeders Cup MDe at Santa Anita, California 

Legal Bid set to continue 
winning ways for Cecil 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

Fresh from his triumph 
with Reference Point, in last 
Saturday's William Hill Fu- 
turity at Doncaster. Henry 
Cecil is now all set to show us 
another of his very promising 
two-year-old at Nottingham 

I am referring to Legal Bid 
who win make his belated 
racecourse debut in the 
Whatton Manor Stud Stakes. 
The race is sponsored by two 
of Cecil's owners. Mr & Mrs 
Peter Player. 

A half-brother to those good 
horses Law Society and Strike 
Your Colors, by Spectacular 
Bid, who won the first two legs 
of the American Triple 
Crown. Legal Bid was to have 
had his first race in the 
Chesterton Stakes at New- 
market twelve days ago. 

However, as he did not eat 
all bis food the night before, 
and Cecil decided not to risk 
him. It transpired Legal Bid 
was a bit off colour but only 
for a couple of days. However 
he is line again, and is 
expected to draw further 
attention to the great strength 
and depth that exists at War- 
ren Place among the two-year- 

The obvious danger on this 
occasion is Guy Harwood's 

American bred colt Tweeter, 
who made such a pleasing 
debut at Newmarket the 
beginning of this month. He 
ran on stronglv in the Last 
furlong to beat Bashayer. 
Bracorina and Indian Skim- 
mer in a driving finish. 

As the trainer of Indian 
Skimmer as writ Cecil, is in 
the perfect position 10 judge 
whether Legal Bid can beat 
Tweeter now. The foci that he 
has stood his ground with a 
51bs allowance speaks for it- 
self. and I nap Legal Bid to 
make a winning start to his 

The other obvious thteat Is 
Tiquegrean and Bronze Buck. 
They both finished second 
and seventh respectively at 
Newmarket in the race won 
comma ndinglv by Polknaie. 
Bui if Legal Bid is all he is 
made out to be be will be hard 
to beat. 

Actualizations, who was 
beaten only half a length by 
that much improved colt Bieo 

edge in this instance. 

Likewise 1 also just prefer 
the recent easy Ayr winner 

Dorado at Hamilton efoht 
days ago- She now looks due 
for a change of luck in the 
Lester Piggott Final Handi- 
cap. and her consistency de- 
serves a victory. 

Abu Muslab, who was 
backed down to 6-1 favourite 

Dancing Brave In top form 

From Michael Seely, Santa Anita, California 

Dancing Brave was a stone 
below his best racing weight 
when having his preliminary 
exercise on the race track at 
Santa Anita at 9.50 yesterday 
morning. “The horse is in great 
shape,” said Guy Harwood- “He 
ripped the scales at 1072lbs 
before flying out. Ideally I'd like 
to have him at 1088!bs. How- 
ever it’s not much to have lost 
and be can put it all back on in a 

The home trained horses had 
been working from 6am in the 
comparative cool of lbe early 
morning. But the temperature 
was climbing into the 90s when 
Dancing Brave and Cataldi were 
ridden out from the barns. Sonic 
Lady and Green Desert. Mi- 
chad Stoute’s candidates for the 
Breeders* Cup MDe and Sprint 
respectively were also doing 

him to the Breeders* Cup where 
can you go? Mr Abdulla has, 
been determined to come here.' 
He’s a tremendous horse the 
best since Nijinsky. Mill Reef 
and Brigadier Gerard. He looks 
in marvellous condition- Lei’s 
hope the edge hasn't gone off 

John Gosden. one of the top 
Californian trainers, agreed. 
‘’The European horses have 
certainly got it all to do.** He 
said. “They’ve not only had a 
long season, they've bad to face 

the journey and get used to the 
sharp track. And don't forget 
that most of our best horses 
have been specially prepared for 
Breeders’ Cup Day." 

Later in the morning 
Harwood gave a press con- 
ference. “Both Lear Fan and 
Rousillon. the horses I brought 
over for the last two Breeders' 
Cup ran disappointingly. That's 
why I've brought Dancing Brave 
out here a few days earlier to 
give him as much experience of 
the track as possible. He also 
wants to put back some of the 
fluid he’s lost on the journey. 
He'll only have one serious 

light work. 

Harwood is well aware of the 
stiff task facing Kbaied 
Abdulla's champion. “Of course 
it's asking a lot of the horse. He's 
been on the go since April." said, 
the trainer. “But you only get a 
horse like Dancing Brave once 
in a lifetime. If you can't bring 



By Mandarin 

1.45 My Myra. 2.15 Tarn. 2.45 Blucchcr. 
3.15 Castle TalboL 3.45 I'm Somebody. 

4.15 Little Katrina. 

Going: good 


2m) (11 runners) 

■7 SSottEccte* 


Iter 4-11-3. S Starwood 

15-11-2.. Gltoora 


■104 M Hood (7) 

w RRomi 

4-10-7 H Puny 

. .rarJniaR 

11-10 My Myra. 4-T Steamy, 5-1 Equipped For Duly, 7-1 
Forever Mo. 10-1 Song Of CDnsne. J2-1 others. 

2.15 PLUMPTON HANDICAP CHASE (£2,386: 2m) 

1 00-2 TARN (D1 N Gasetoe B-iMO P Inrtaiim 

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Pinny PTM> H o w »(7) 

3 04-1 BALLIMA (NZKCD) D Greses 8-10-8 (sex) RGoktuem 

4 PM CRESUN Mrs X. Oay 7-10-2 JLommv 

5 F4M OOLURGTTAGGraWY 7-l(M) RPmrab 

6 2042 EUROUNK BOY (CD«BF) P MitttaH 7-1M S Starwood 
8 U30P STRAIGHT LINE (D) N Wheoter 13-10-0. MrN Witter 

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Crasun, 12-1 Gtouarena. 14-1 Stragm une. 

» PM £74 JUDGE <D) G Rx*V 8-10-7 AMm/Q 

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3 OP -0 THIS PROPHET P Hems S-11-0. ' ... A Webb 

10 00- WHOEVER D Bums 4-10-13.. „ PNtetafa 

IT op peaceful waters w kv« t 

14 wnflSAPNLee^uasona.iM mkibm 

, Swwooay. 5-1 One al The U<h. 1M Whoeuv.8- 

1 Monossass. 9-J Braid WUer, 14-1 ettaro. 

HANDICAP HURDLE (Amateurs: £1337: 2m) (20) 


)M Tocnpkxis G 
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((> m- 


from 14-1 for « race at 
Newhurx last Thuwfay where 
he could only manage second; 
his been tfospatchcd north 
from Newmarket to Redor 
on a retrieving mission. Ben 
Hanhurv. hi* trainer, hopcato 
get hack the losses in the 
Eaglcsclifte Maiden Slakes. 

However he has other fan- 
cied Newmarket raiders to 
contend with, notably Atvta 
who also came unstuck tan 
time out when made 
favourite, and Ice Chocolate 
who showed a lot of promise 
on her dehut at Newmarket 
when she finished fourth be- 
hind Gold Fee. 


*5 j 

~ i 

1 just rive ke ChotobM the 
tee in this instance. 

OhIUarr in Ski Captain for 
the Provideo Stakes. It was by 
only a short head that Ski 
Captain was beaten at 
Catterick Bndr recently by 
Manlier. Even one so nippy a* 
ChilitaiB could find the task 
of conceding hint Slbs diffi- 

Blinkered first tune 


■■■*. » j: 3 


■v . m. I 

NOrTWOMAK I30_lu taf SMw ^Ort 

vmo * Ttat oat a o raoMote tao 

a nite. bum Tta Day 4.0 Pom 
Catehowte. Pwyw rapaafft. 
3.15 BaxtecgM*. 

workout before Saturday, prob- 
ably on Wednesday." 

Then, discussing the race he 
continued. “We've got to face 
up to the fact that hone 
running over here for the first 
time might well perform I2ft» 
below their bcsL 

Esirapade. Manila and Dahar 
would appear to form the hard 
core of the opposition to Danc- 
ing Brave. Esirapade has only 
nm once since strolling home in 
the Budwciser Arlington Mil- 
lion when beating Theatrical in 
a canter on this track on October 
12. The six-year-old mare de- 
lighted Charlie Whittingham. 
her trainer, in a gallop last week. 

Michael Sioute also intends to 
ran Ivor's Imago against Danc- 
ing Brave. The filly has been 
stabled here for a week as she 
was flown straight on from 
•Canada after winniog the E P 
Taylor Stakes in Toronto nine 
days ago. “The owner’s keen to 
have a crack at the big one," said 
the trainer from bis heme in 
NcwmarkeL "She’s already won 
a group one in Italy and a group 
two in Canada, 


• -i’ MM .' 

N -lords 

iUrk. j 

v.aS- ; 

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. — i .. mDu 




Burnley away 
to in-form 
giant killers 



kvrjs o “ ciubs 

By Paul Newman 

M S*** 4*Bfc t ‘rtd oni|i| 

et to continue 
ays for Cecil 

(MfaiNWl PfciUift) 

Wif T^rett r. 

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•: «i 

• . "i-;. 

— hard times 

Sf^y received the sort of 
nev« they could do without: 
r “Ptng with life in the 
lourth division was not testing 
enough, Burnley, Cardiff City, 
Swansea City and Wolver- 
hampton Wanderers were an 

given difficult ties away to 
non-League opposition in the 
draw for next month’s first 
round of the FA Cup. 
■Burnley drew the shortest 
. fonn of a trip to 
Telford United, who have 
knocked out nine I-g ap w sides 
m the last four years. Telford 
have recently hit top form in 
the GM Vauxhall Conference 
— they beat Altrincham 4-0 on 
Saturday — whereas Burnley 
are eighth from bottom of the 
fourth division, having won 
only once away from home. 

Stan Storton, Telford's 
manager, said: “I’m delighted 
that it's a home draw because 
we’ve been drawn away a lot 
over the years. The foct that 
it's a famous club like Burnley 
with all their great Cup tra- 
dition means I shouldn't have 
to do much to motivate my 

Cardiff's draw away to Ton 
Pentre is one of several local 
derbys between non-League 
sides and more famous neigh- 
bours. Ton Pentre are through 
to the first round for the first 
time in their history and Paul 
Willoughby, the Rhondda val- 
ley club's secretary, said: “The 
oval ball tends to be more 
popular around here, but 
we've had quite a bit of 

competition. They lie near the 
bottom of . the Southern 
league southern division and 
have never reached this stage 
of the Cup before. In 
Saturday’s fourth qualifying 
round they won 3-1 away to 
King's Lynn despite having 
their goalkeeper sent off after 
eight minutes. 

First round draw 

AJderitutv Torquay 

Roiwsv Newport Cnwtty 

Charley v 

■■■■ * Britald or Bvy Town 
Enter v Cambridge UnfM ■■ 
Fambixough Tmag^gm 


Hereford v 

tatVUev Stafford 

■ uBwiite 

Slough or Paver v 


u HMaaa— n Town or OMbrey 

rS SHj Kn 


Robson in 
mission on 

From Stuart Jones, Split 



Man of the 

Maradona brought Napoli their first win at ! 

for 10 years 

WWSsifl United w Southwicfc or MMdetom 


witnmn w nnopooi 
York cttv v ci ewe llu wfc ■ 

» FA tododde dates for matches at Bath 
and Bristol Rovers, who both play at 
Tiverton Park. 

Matches to be played on November 15 

Maradona inspires 

Bromsgrove Rovers, man- 
aged by the former West 
success lately "and people are Bromwich Albion midfidd 
starting to take notice** player, Bobby Hope, meet 

; Ton Pentre have hosted police officials today to dis- 

’ v 

■ if I tv*-; 

trra gfr- 

( o» H * * 

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m M-Hm#. 

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Uluiki' u\i .1 

ve in top fora 

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tem* ‘i -i 

■Ate.. AM* HO 1 

.m»4rtti* > 

Hmi #•**« • 

amateur internationals but 
Jhey may be forced to ask 
Cardiff to stage the tie. The 
fourth division club have a 
notorious hooligan element 
among their followers and 
local police resources are . 
likely to be stretched on 
-November IS by the visit of 
the Cardiff rugby club to 
heathy Treorchy - in the 
Schweppes Welsh Cup. 

.* Charley, drawn at home to 
..Wolves, may also switch their 
.venue. The Multipart League 
club has a well appointed 
mod with a capacity of 
..but part of it is dosed 
for repairs and segregation of 
visiting supporters could be a 

Wealdstone, of the GM 
Vauxhall Conference, expects 
no problems staging their tie 
against Swansea, but 
Famborougb Town and 
Woodford Town are likely to 
have to sacrifice home advan- 
tage against Swindon Town 
'and Orient respectively.' 

Farn borough, formed only 
:i9 years ago, have reached the 
.'first round four years in a row 
rand Swindon, managed by 

qter W? fhr 
W**h tfe 

l pibfvr* 

r «* *#*1 li •.» - 

pn I- 

A *-*•» »■ - 

me W> - 


: Lou Macari, will provide their 
stiffest test yet “We may have 
-to board up the goal,” Ted 
•'Pearce, the Vauxhall Opel 
-League club's manager, said. 
•■“Swindon are a very good 
attacking side and it will be the 
■greatest day in our history.” 

Woodford are probably the 
Jjnost unlikely side left in the 

cuss staging their tie against 
Newport County, while Bath 
City and Bristol Rovers, who 
share Bath's ground, will be 
told by the Football Associ- 
ation when to play their 
matches against Aylesbury 
and Brentford respectively. 

Altrincham and Frickley 
Athletic, who both knocked 
out League opposition last 
year, face each other, but 
several more non-league dubs 
have been given giant-killing 
chances at home, including 
Bishop's Stortfoid (against 
Colchester United), Caernar- 
fon Town (Stockport county), 
Kettering town (Gillingham), 
Nuneaton borough (Roch- 
dale), Spennymoor United 
(Tranmere Rovers) and 
Whitby Town (Doncaster). 

The best attendance of the 
round is likely to be at 
Middlesbrough, who face then- 
third division promotion ri- 
vals, Blackpool. A crowd of 
more than 1 1,000 saw Black- 
pool win 3-1 at Ayresome 
Park in the league earlier this 

Man for the crisis 

Reading, of the second di- 
vision, nave . signed a new 
physiotherapist to deal with the 
club's injury situation. John 
Haselden, who was 
Huddersfield's assistant man- 
ager, coach and physiotherapist 
until July, replaces Glenn 
Hunter. Haselden played in the 
same Doncaster defence as the 
Reading manager, (an Branfbot, 
in the early seventies. 

Rome (Agencies) — Diego 
Maradona, who had been suffer- 
ing from ankle injury all week, 
scored the only goal of the game 
at Roma on Sunday to move his 
dub, Napoli, up alongside the 
champions, Juventus at the top 
of the Italian league— 

Sunday's victory was Napoli's 
first in 10 years in Rome. 
Maradona scored 45 seconds 
into the second half with a 
typically inventive piece of 
finishing: it was his fourth goal 
of the season. Over 60JXJ0 
people saw AC Milan beat lowly 
Brescia 2-0 at home, the second 

goal coming from a precise 
header by Vndis. who looks like 

. permanent member 
forward tine. That 

becoming a 
of Milan's 

would mean that Milan's 
land international, Mari 
Hawley, could he in for a 
prolonged period on the bench. 

Linz 1; Admire Wachor 3. Wtanor 
spondub 0: LASK 1. Austria Vienna 2 ; 
GAK 4, SC Bsanstadt 2: Rapid Vtam 3. 
Stum Graz 1; Austria Klagenfurt 1. FC 
Tyrol 1. Lowing poaSoas: 1. Austria 
Vnrvia. Z7pt& 2, Rapid Vienna. 2S; 3, FC 
Tyrol, 22. 

Gantnis* 1; Racing Jet 1. Bmamn 1: 
Mafines 0. Anoortectt 1; Vftregam t. 
Cercte Bruges 2; Antwerp 0. FC OAge 2; 
Ctrartaroi 1. Courtral Oi FC Bruges 3, 
Swakig 1: Beeracho t 0. Bwctwm 0: 
Standard Utae 3, RWD Mokmbesk 0. 
LareEng poanona: i, ro Bruges. iMk 
Z Andartectp, 15: 3, 9tandBdXMge, 14. 
Spartak Vama tfc DintsSiovprad 3. 
txrioomodvSofia a Spartak PtevmO, PHi 
1: Etur 4, Lokomotiv Ptovdhr 3: Sftwn 1. 
Chemomorate 0; Ttakn 2. Szvia 0; 
Vitostu 3. Akadamk 0; Vretsa 3. Baroa 0. 
La ad MQ pmtMoaa: 1. Vtostia, 17ptK 2. 
Sradats, 18:3. Siavia. IS. 

mtans Prague 1 . Sparta Pregua 0: Ptastfca 
Nkra S. RH Cheb 1 : OuUa Bangka Bysiriea 
0, Tatran Pregov 1: TJ VUumca 2. 
Coafca Budejotfcxa 0; Sigma 
2. DAC Dunabka Streda 3: 
Ttnna 3. ZVL zma J; Skoda 
1 1. Siavia Prague 0; DuWa Prague 2. 
BanDt Ostrava 4. Lawfing positions: 1, 
Sparta Prague. 18 pta; 2. Bohemians 
Prague, 14; 3, Bank Ostrava. 13. 

FRENCH LEAGUE: UDe 1. St Ettmt 0; 
Nice z Auxena ft Nantes 1. Leva! 1; 
Rennes a Toulouse ft Bordeaux 1. 
Monaco 1 ;Sochaux Q. Paris St Gemtaln 1: 
Lb Havre 1 . MaraeWs 3: Nancy 1 , Lens 1: 
Racing Paris 1, Metz 1: Toulon 2. Brest 3 
Lemfag posMonK 1, Bordeaux. 21 pts; Z 
Mamma. 20; 3 Paris St Germaki 13 
ITALIAN LEAGUE: Aecoa 0. Como ft 
Atalante of Beroamo 0, Torino 2: AveBno 
1. Udtnese 1: FtorenUna 0. Verona i; 
Juventus of Turin 1, In wmeriortale of 
MBan i; Milan 2. Brasda ft Roma a 
NapdS 1; Sampdorla of Genoa 3, Enpo# OL 
Leadteg po sM ow s. 1. Juventus, llpts; 3 
Napo»lL3, IntsrnazkXBile, 9. 

GREK LEAGUE: Apofcn 1, OR 1; Aria 1, 
AEK 3; Varna 1. Doxa ft Otagoras 3, 
Yandna ft Irakis 4, EthnBus 3: Larissa Z 
PAOK 1; Oiympiakos 2. Ksiamaria ft 
Pankados 0,^ Panattvns&os a Leed te n 
gmdOMie: 1. PAOK. 9pts; Z OR, 9; £ 

POLISH* LEAGUE: LKS Lodz 0, Lacfi 

Poznan 0; Gomik Zabrze 4, Widzew Lodz 

ft OGrnpia Poznan 2. SJask Wroclaw !; 
Zaglebte Lubin. 1, Pogon Szczecin 1; 
Gomft Wafbrzydi Z Stal Mietec 1; Logia 
Warsaw 1, Motor LubBn ft Pokmla Bytom 
0, Ruch Chorzow ft GKS Katewtce 1. 

may lose 

Bobby Robson yesterday em- 
barked on a spying mission. 
Rather than continaing to stndy 
the form of bis domestic repre- 
seBtxtrres in this week’s little- 
woods Cap ties, England's 
■ rfw w w i to examine 
[Ik only barrier that 
his side and foe 
of the European 

He h” Down here to the 
seaside resort on the Adriatic 
coast to watch foe mmfiog of 

Yugoslavia's challenge in Group 

Four. England began theirs two 
weeks ago with a 5-0 victory over 
Northern Ireland, a team that is 
being rebuilt for a fhtnre that 
lies realistically beyond 198& 

Turkey, the other contendere 
in foe group, are Yugoslavia's 
opponents tomorrow. Even 
thongh it has been reported that 
they have i m p ro ved recently, 
they can be dismissed as a 
genuine threat. Darios the 
qualifying stages of the last 
World Cap, they were humili- 
ated 84) at borne by England and 
were overwhelmed 5-0 away. 

Robson b convinced that the 
fixtures against Yugoslavia, at 
Wembley to a fortnight and here 
at the end of next year, wOl be 
decisive. Within 36 hours he wfll 
see for their strength 

and weaknesses, although he is 
aware that their performance 
may be whiMiUn^. 

Yugoslavia, for a start, are 
dearly unlikely to employ foe 
same tactics or nse even the 
same tine-op against Turkey and 
England. In their first game, the 
emphasis will be on scoring as 
many goals as possible; in their 
second, they will concentrate on 
conceding as few as possible. 

The Yugoslavs have become 
models of inconsistency. In 
successive matches during their 
successful attempt to reach the 
European championship finals 
of 1984, for instance, they 

By Clive White 

LecMa Gdansk a Uadtog p o minus. 1. 

,20pa; 2. &S Katewfcs, 

Gomflt Zabrze, ; . . 

17; Luis Warsaw. 13 
PORTUGUESE LEAOUfc Tharo wsre no 
flhtf dhWonpfeywr Mcausu of FtortugaTs 
Champion shi p Group TWO 

rig tie against Switzerland 



4. Gloria Buzau ft OWui < 

Bucharest ft Flecara Moroni 1. 
PeVDSanl ft CMmia Rimntcu VBces 3 

Unhergimm CM-Napaca 1; Corvimd 
4, FCM Brasov ft Victoria 

Hunedoara . . .. 

Bucharest 5, SC Baceu ft FetroU Ploiesti 
0. FCOUO. Postponed: Sttaua Bucharest 
v Dynamo Buctorost UMvara ft ats e Cra- 

Jova" v Sportul Studsntesc. Leedrigpo- 
a. 17 f»s: z 



Spartak' - 


aMona: 1. Staaua Bucharest 
Dynamo Bucharest FC Argos Rtesti and 

Bilbao 1; SabadeM 1, HMI VatedoM ft 
Cadiz 0. RbbJ Madrid ft Real Mafiorca 1. 
Espanai 1; Radra i. Real Mwcia 1; 
Barcelona 4, Las Palmas ft Osasuna 0. 
Sporting 2: Real SocMud 1. Reel 
Zmagoza ft Atttico Madrid 1. Real Bede 
1. Laadteg posttkmKl. Barcelona. IBpts; 
Z Real Madrid IS: 3 Attttico Madrid, 14. 
SWISS LEAGUE: Aarau 2. Lausanne ft 

BaNa 1. Young Boys Bame ft LaCtiaux- 
' i 0, Senate Geneva 4; Grass- 


i Zurich 1. BeNnzona 1; Locarno 
Zurich 1; Lucerne Z Neuchatel 


Xamax 1; St. Galen ft Stan 4; Vevey 2, 

Prague. 16 ms; Z Bohemians Wsttkigen 1. Ljmdhw poaiMone: 1. 
14:3, Bank oSavs. 13 hc^para. 18 pte; Z flouchatencam 

Xamax. 1ft 

DUTCH LEAGUE: AZ *87 Akmaar 1, Alax 
ft FC Utrecht 4. Ftoriun Sttard 1; 
Feyenoord 3 SC Vssndam 2: FC Den 
Bosch ft Go Ahead Eagles 1; PEC Zwole 
1. Sparta Rotterdam 1: FC Twsnte 
0. PSV Sndhoven 3; FC 


rouMb FC Homhuro 1 , Bsyem Munich 3 
Z Waktxrf Maiinhskn ft 

Groningen 6. Excelsior ft Rods AC 
KerkraoBO. T 


Guensrsloh ft BtoMMita Benin ft Co- 
logne 3 waldhot Ma nnh oim 1; Bayer 
‘ * FbTMM 

, Dan Haag ft WV Venlo 3 FC 
Haarlem 1. Laadng position* I.Ajax 20 
pot; Z PSV Eindhovan, 2ft 3 Feyenoord 

Bobby Mimms, the excellent 
young Everton goalkeeper 
dropped last Saturday upon 
Neville So uthall 's return to 
health, asked for a transfer 
yesterday on the eve of the 
club's Littlewoods Cup third- 
round tie against Sheffield 
Wednesday at Goodison Park. 

In declaring his preference for 
Southall, Howard Kendall, the 
manager, said that Mimms, 
aged 23, was one of the best 
goalkeepers in the First Di- 
vision. The former Rotherham 
United player means to find out 
if other managers share that 
view. For tonight's game 
Everton hope to mean Sheedy, 
while Wednesday have Megson 
and Shelton doubtful because of 
a virus, Gregory injured and 
Jonsson absent cm international 

Geoige Graham, the Arsenal 
manager who almost succeeded 
in selling Hayes to Hnddersfieid 
Town for £25,000 last month, 
now has no intention of releas- 
ing the young winger. “People 
could have had him cheap a 
month ego, but not now," said 
Graham. Hayes lines up in an 
unchanged side against Man- 
chester City. City will be with- 
out Grealish, who has pulled a 
hamstring, and Brightwdl lakes 

Arsenal's victims at the week- 
end, Chelsea, travel to Cardiff 
City where the police mil be 
mounting a special operation to 
deal with the London dub's 
supporters. John Hollins, the 
Chelsea manager, has added 
Isaacs, Dublin and the untried 
Wegeriy, whom they bought 
from Tampa Bay Rowdies. 

Chariton, aiming for their 
sixth successive victory at home 

Lnrcbed throogb a typically wOd 
sequence of results. They lost in 
Norway, won in Bulgaria and 
then drew 4-4 at home to Wales. 

Invariably gifted and usually 
tactically sound, they occa- 
sionally suffer from a mental 
weakness, a characteristic that 
also afflicts their neighbours to 
the north, foe Hungarians. Once 
they had reached the last eight 
in 1984, for instance, they 
crumbled and went down to the 
Belgians, the Danes and foe 
French — the hosts and eventual 

Since the Yugoslavs are 
notoriously guarded and se- 
cretive, Robson will perhaps be 
permitted to catch «|y a 
glimpse through the Iron Cur- 
tain. Yet the journey here is sure 
to be valuable. Had he not 
travelled, the squad that he 
selects next Monday woald have 
been sent oat against the 

Cooper warned 
over insults 

The former England defender, 
Terry Cooper, has been warned 
as to his future conduct by an FA 
disciplinary commission follow- 
ing “insulting and improper 
behaviour” to the Oxford ref- 
eree, Dennis Hedges, at the end 
of foe game between Bourne- 
mouth and Bristol City earlier 
font month. 

Cooper, City's player-man- 
ager, hod pleaded gnflty to foe 
charge but was ordered to make 
a personal appearance at foe 
Football Association's London 
headquarters yesterday. “In all 
my years playing for England 
this is the first time I have ever 
been to the headquarters, and it 
had to be for something like 
this," Cooper said. 


Mfinriwngladbach 6. Botusaa Dortm u nd 

to Qaeen*s Fork Rangers, will 
‘ Ish for three 

be without Walsh 
weeks who is out with strained 
knee Ligaments. 

• Alkma ar (Reuter) — AZ '67 
Alkmaar, bottom of the Dutch 
first division, have signed the 
English midfield Joe Jakub from 
the third division side Bury for 
an undisclosed fee. 


England offer can 
bolster Britain 

By Sydney FViskia 

England arc one of eight 
teams the International Hockey 
Federation have invited to play 
in the round-robin Champions* 
Trophy tournament in Amster- 
dam next June 18 — 28. 

The others are the Nether- 
lands, as host country, Pakistan, 
the Olympic champions, and 
the first six from the recent 
World Cup in London — Austra- 
lia, England, West Germany, the 
Soviet Union. Spain and Argen- 
tina. The F1H have noted that 
England have offered their place 
to Great Britain as the tour- 
nament is a qualifer for the 1988 
Olympic Games in Seoul 

Arrangements are also in 
hand fora women's Champions* 
Trophy tournament, to be held 
in conjunction with the men’s 
event, and Australia, Argentina, 
Can ada , Great Britain, the 
Netherlands and New 

have already accepted invita- 
tions. The oiganization of the 
women's junior World Cup 
tournament for I9S9 has been 
offered to Canada. 

There will be only six teams 
for the men's Champions* Tro- 
phy tournament in Lahore in 
November. 1988. after the 
Olympic Games - Pakistan, the 
host country, the new Olympic 
champions, the world cham- 
pions (Australia), the previous 
Champions' Trophy winners 
and two other teams to be 
selected on the basis of results in 
two international tournaments 
immediately preceding the 
Champions' Trophy. 

Officials and players of tire 
Cuban and Mexican learns have 
been suspended indefinitely af- 
ter incidents in the Central 
American and Caribbean 
Games match in Mexico City 

Hobley’s happy knack 

By Joyce Whitehead 

The hectic national women's 
county championship of 158 
snatches before the finals at 
Picketts Lock, Edmonton on 
December 13-14 started last 

In the South at Crystal Palace, 
Surrey (McMaster) and Hamp- 
shire (Wheatley) drew 1-1 
through second half goals, bin at 

Bisham Abbey, BurJtingham- 
" had 

shire and Berkshire had easy 
wins. Deverson and HobJcy (2) 
scored for Berkshire without 
reply from Sussex. Miss Hobley, 
a renowned goal-scorer, has 
joined Berkshire this season 
from Buckinghamshire, but 
without her Quesier, Bacon and 
Horner all scored for Buck- 
inghamshire to beat Oxfordshire 

In the Midlands, Bedfordshire 
benefitted from foe acquisition 
of Harding (former Middlesex, 

South and England) and she 
scored in both their matches. 
Owen, formerly of Warwick- 
shire. added two goals and Tyler 
the fourth to beat Shropshire 4-0 
and Tyler and Harding were 
again on target against Not- 

Leicestershire beat Worces- 
tershire 3-1 with three quite 
different goals, Lobb from a 
penalty comer. Rule finishing, 
off Gordon and Manley's ap- 
proach work and Crimley net- 
ting a penalty stroke. War- 
wickshire had two wins and five 
of their team scored in beating 
Staffordshire 1-0 and Derby- 
shire 4-1 with Sixsmith leading 
the way with two goals. North- 
amptonshire also beat Derby- 
shire 2-0 with goals from 
Jackson and Stareevic. but lost 
to Staffordshire as Melanchip 
scored a penalty goal. 


Wasps’ sting missing 

By Norman de Mesqnita 

A change of coach or i 
can often work wonders. But for 
Durham Wasps, for whom Hep 
Tin dale, the former 
defenceman, took over from 
Peter Johnson, there was no 
such transformation. They did 
beat Dundee Rockets on Sat- 
urday by the odd goal in 1 1, but 
on Sunday, they were beaten by 
the odd goal in 21 at Whitley 
Bay — warriors' first win over 
the Wasps in 22 Heineken 
League attempts. One consola- 
tion for the Wasps was the 
contribution made by their new- 
comers, Mike Kosturik and 
Fran Matechuck, who com- 
bined for 11 goals m the two 
weekend games. 

Dundee Rockets also in- 
troduced some new blood. Hav- 
ing failed to convince New York 

their first Scottish excursion, 
they were, at least, respectable 
defeats and they held the all- 
conquering Fife Flyers to 5-3 
and prevented A1 Sims from 
scoring a goal for the first time 
this season. 

Nottingham Panthers and 
Whitley Warriors could soon be 
fed up with the sight of each 
other. Haring met in Notting- 
ham on Saturday, where the 
Panthers scored a 9-6 win, they 
free each other on Thursday and 
again next Tuesday in their two- 
legged English final of the 
Norwich Union Cup. 

Rangers that they should sign 
Marie Pa 

Pavelich, they turned in 
the opposite direction and have 
acquired Jaroslav Lycka, a for- 
mer Czechoslovakian inter- 
national. He had five goals and 
three assists in Rockets' 8-5 win 
over Sofihnil Barons- Although 
the Barons lost both games on 

HEMEKEN LEAGUE: Pronter dMaiooi 
Cleveland Bombers 7. Mivraytteid Racer* 
13; Durham Wasps B. Dundee Rockets ft 
Fife Flyers 5. Sofchua Barons ft Nottmg- 
ham Panthers B. WhWey Warriors S; Mur- 
rayflekt Racers 14. Ayr Brutes 3; Slraat- 
ham Redskins 1ft Cleveland Bomba s ft 
Whitley Warriors H. Durham Wasps 10. 
First division; Medway Bears 10. Peter- 

borough Pirates ll;Snuah JetsftTettord 
and Chiefs Z South- 

Tigers 11; Sundertand 
ampton Vikings ift Swindon Wildcats 7, 
Glasgow Eagles 7: Bournemouth Stags 8. 
Oxford City Sters 8; Krrfcealdjr Resaws 6, 
Southampton Vikmgs 2; Lee valeyUons 
3, TeMora Tigers 1ft Peterborough Pirates 
18. Swindon WBdcatt 6; fbchmond Flyers 
ft Glasgow Eagias TO. 


Title for Calderhead 

David Calderhead, from 
York, won the British Youth 

Epee Championships over the 

weekend ax the de Beaumont 
Centre in London, by beating 
Niall Anderson, Edinburgh. 10- 
4 in a swift and sure finaL Both 
competitors, in their last year of 
under-20 fencing, had looked 
the strongest all through, despite 

Anderson having come dose to 

elimination at the last 16 stage 

when he drew Andrew Hall, 

Brentwood School, to 12-all. 
Hall, along with the young 
Meadowbank fencers Danny 
McKeaman and Todd Lindsay, 
looked the most promising for 
next year's title challenge. 
RESULTS: 1, D Calderhead (Yoricfc Z N. 
Anderson (Edinburgh Urxv); ft D. Borsuk 
"'-“I Boston). Leon Paul Under-14> fofl 
lewick Leisure Centre. London): 

; 1 . J-P Pine (London); 2, F Dejehand 

e Hall): ft N Michelmoro 

School), gmk 1. K Jones 

2. C Newstead (ipwchk ft M 

l (Essex)- 

ht . 

* • - 
1^* .«*- 
wvt i - 

f*-.' **-*■■’ . ■ 

Yesterday’s results from four meetings 

Ungfield Park 

PufcorcHjgh. Tote: £280: £1,50, £250. 
£6.40. Cffc £21-40. CSP. £3345. 1m 

■ 5 

if-- Ota/' • 

1 n V'i 

»• it. - 


4.-'* -*■!#* 


^*,-a w"* 

- . -• 

. l«. U^»' 

w * '• ■ • 

s WV 


*- ** •»•■ *ei. 

| i«V. 

. V* 

' Going.- heavy 

' 11.30 (71)1. BUSH SAILOR (J Reid, 7-2 

.RAN: 4 High Ckmlw. 13-2 Line of 
Succession. 11 Brtaaier Tbwetes. 12 
.. Snowsdown (6th), lASahood, 18 Septem- 
-■tier Snap (fth). 25 Lullaby Btaby, 33 
Natzar, wnam Pare. Crest Ol Giory, 
Goodnight Master (4thj. Minobee. 15 ran. 
- «, VjL©. 2L V4I. Pal MitchgS et Poiegau. 

Tote: £2.10; rt-Jft £2.«. £320. DR 
’ £370. CSR2I6 S4. 1m 20285. 

30 (80 1. DORKMG LAD i 
11 - 2 frtevfcftM MfcB cvfcwf 

at Newmarket Tote: £380: EZ30. £740, 
£350. DF: £7230. CSR £8383 
30(60 1. LE MANS (Jute Bowkar. 10- 

f5f) 1. RamUhg Rteer (M Brennan, 
WartMl Lady nOMtejteroMH 

1); Z Chato A.Qwst (J HBHs. 2S-1^ft 

Ferryman (5th), 160own$view. I 
ifthj. 20 Corncherm. Wykeha 
Heart of Glass. Kimble Bbe. Umbrtata. 

i (D J WUtams (10-1fc 4. 

__r CB Carter. 1B-1V ALSO RAN: 9-2 

fav Ws Ale, 7 PBdcfington Bella. 9 
Samba Lees. 10 Hoboumas Katie (6to). 
Miss Hicta, 14 Wtoam GH. 18 Fmdon 


5-1); 2, Wartttfl Lady (15-2): ft Annate Are 
Bbe (16-1k4,&awmBker Boy (W? . 

16 ran. tfniWA Stephenson. Tote: 
£42ft £1.60. £120. E4J50, El. 40. DR 
£330. CSR £41 37. Tricast £52723 

Wara ppf rU M 

Manor, Nomad Boxer. 20 Bandyann. 25 
~ la CarteH. fl 

Mutate. Sly Maid. Bella i 

Lady WtedmOL 19 ran. NR: Com Street 
»L 4L W, 2L 1L M Toutte d 
NewmarVet Tote: £550: ri. 9 p. g6.50. 
£530, £1.70. DR £4343 CSF: £8422. 
Tricast: £84524. Ira 14.63s- 

, Ever So Sham OtW- 18 ; 




Going: good 

122 (7f) 1 ..aftAOORINA gyCarsin. W 

lav); ft Pondered KdJW . 

EngSah Rhmr (M A GHes. 14-1). ALSO 
RAN: 1 1 -2 Kikuyu (6th). 10 Birwaz (5*L 14 
.-.Convincing. 16 Kas h Juwate. 20 HU&o. 

32012m) l.nQSIWOOD (N AthEns. 9- 
2 tav): Z Raforoi Princess lGB aj tNraH7- 

n ft 

i Convindno. ._ _ . 

25 Cabalme (4te). 33 Btequhldder Boy, 
Bey Yc " 


i RAN: 6 

in 8t r •■■•■ 

j - * 

. •„ -■ r 

1. 8 BenVBjnfe^^lO&ting 

-£200: £1.10. £1.70. £420. DR E353 
■“CSF: £370. 1m 2355S. 

, w : * * *•' 

, U.'JT . « • - " 

- ■ ,;m »'■■■ 

t «r < W* 1 "’ 

U- -.-t- - " 

.* 1220 (70 1. DUNB4NY (A Clarit. 13-8 
tevk 2. Fourth Led 


. .v<- 

’« Dynamic Star (A 

■■ RAM 11-1 

R«,. ,0-^3. 

25-1). ALSO 


*-*■ «; -- 

is* «f > 

• •».! »* r 

i «M. ’ 

, eap ■* 


ran r ' 
war P s ' 

m. — -V,- 1, u. 

i r* ’ 


li.nO Tap On 

'§■* Nast. 20 Bafcofcn ExprMS. 
Fsasibie (5th), Jane Matpte. 
Lady Sica Key, vena vna. 33 Lord 
KBgayla. Oaxtfo Buck. Rectory Girt 17 
ran sh hd. hd. S. 21. hd. R Akehuret at 
Epsom. Tote: £220: E1.70. £1.9ft £1120. 
, DRE9.70. CSF: £2028. Itn 2340s. 

- 12{7f) 1.LVPHENTO (A Cttrk. 10020: 
* Z Exceftar^ SpecM (R Machada 1 1Mk 
. ft Thorn rWd (N Adams. 25-1). ALSO 
RAN: 1 1-4 fav Mainmast 9-2 Durtx> (5th). 
5 Degenerate. 1 0 Cross Knss. 12 Gods Lfl 
' LaeTlB For The Crack (6th). 20 Barreto. 
. Far Too Rich (4th). 25 ArquatS Redwood 
. 33 Menton MB, Nautical Bate. -NMtbo 
Lass. New Been Chaste 18 ran. IKl. 

i (Paul 

. (S Dawson. 6-1 

High Platna. 8 Ben's Btrtf 

Copper, 12 Southemak. — ■ . . 

Mbs Blackthorn (5th). Le Moukn. 18 
Alcazam. Cops© And Robbers. 20 
Pleated. 25 Manama. 33 k&rit. 
Staghoud. Dust Conguerer. RMten Sun- 
Spring Phtore. aTran. 2L ffl. IS. ft 
1X1. R Akehuret at Epsom. Tow: £420: 
£120. £3.60. £360. £120. DR £1720, 
CSF: £39.03 Trtoast £45349. 3m 4128s. 

420 (im 2f) 1. KMG TEFKROS (Pat 
Eddery. 8-lk Z Homme tTAttske " 
Waldron. 7-2 ftwV ft ! 

Fox. 14-1 L ALSO RAN: 

.. ,MLnk.( 

J Wteon at Preston. Tore: 27.90; . 

£320. ES20. £320. DR £220. vrinnar or 
second wtth any other horse. CSR 
£21363 Tricast £227421. No bid. 

320 (60 1. SULLY* CHOICE 
Cauthen. 20-1 1 2. Golden Ancona 
Guest B-lfc ft Godstnith (A i" '' 

125 (ton Sited late) 1, Dm 'Em Back 
l Cwroa 1-2 wpZ Hffl Rge^ 1 ^ 

Jack (A 

ft Moaango; (12-1). 11 ran. . 

Baitey. Took £120: £1.13 £300. £383 
DF: £320. CSF: El 1.1 3 

I htSe) 1. RnuwpEe Bride 

; ft^aiicy^rite pl4ft ;ft 

RAN:' 8 fav Tb^ prof Soham.. 10 Sybil 

Fawtty. 12 Gods Solution @fi)- Ludw 
StariosL Stanbo, Sharp 

Gkt 20' Dancing Sarah (8th). 
‘ inavos, Lyric ' 

tav. 8 ran. 
,___»LD Whole. Tote 
23 £303 DR £1523 

, Jlama, Linavos. Lyric Way. No 

CredfeUty. Riverside Writer. 33 Mary 
Maguire. Sahara. Shadow. Gendtescte. 

Femofl.^Bunrog Arrow. Miami Dolphin. 

ran. NR: Tamataals. VM. 

9-2 Forward 

ram). 13-2 Auctunata (6th). Tom 

a wt~ *■ * ‘ " 



..^kL 1Lahhd.DChapmanatVofk.Tote 

mam £ esjjo £3.43 £223 dr 
£302.10. CSF: E1B624. Tricast: 

£ 1020 ; 

CSF: E4S2& 

345 (3m ch) 1. 

Bloom, &5 tavt z Mick's Ritual (4-1 
Mark Paula (7-1). 5 ran. dffi: Celtic Se 
121, cflst Mrs J Bloom. Tote win £1 
£123 £223 OF: £320. CSF: £353 
3.15 (2m 80yd hdtel 1. Man CMagi 
Thomsoa Jones. 8-15 tevt Z Tin Boy 
Ik ft Houratout (12-1L 12 ran. 2ML 1 

J write H Lasts. 10 Emtys. RtoWe Rte 14 
Golden Beau (4th). 18 Nohojnlite 
TvMon's Oak, 33 Rapid Lad. Saattx 14 
ran. NR: Up To Uncle. KL 5L «L W. 3LM 
TormAins at Nawmaiicat. Tote £5.®^ 
£123£223 53.40. DF: £7620. CSR 
f ?niaL Trtoast £377.70. 2m IS. 15s. 

ftOCTt.sifrooLT^cauthea Mk.ft 

Fomumr, taatSreh (A . 8-1 V 3. CrfForT^V^ 

HOW, 33-lf 4. Tma'a Mckxly (R 
_ jvfav 

2»L 71. 4L 4L G Harwood at Putborough. 
■ Tote: £553 £1.93 £320. £423 OF: 

Ptacapob £1225 


Going: good 
120 ftm _ 

Shafts, 12-1): 

120 (1m 2f) 1. AMADEUS ROCK (A 

‘“Ik 2. SI 

* • ■ — 

£40 SO. CSF: £40.43 1m 272SS. 

120 (71) 1. TILTING COURT (8 Rouse. 
•; Z Casas m The Air (W Carson. 9-4 
. _ ALSO 

I Singer 


(R Cochrans. 
Cautten. 5-2 

141 I, l&IMb bUUHl o r 

• 9-it Z Castle m The Air (W Carso 
7 fa vf. ft Royal Rob (A Clark. 7-2). 
•' RANrSFeartea Man. 10 Minstrel! 


, 7-1). ALSO RAN: . 

Four Lalfs. Madam BUa. 12 ImpertN 
Friend. I4ln<tan Set pm. Kate Is Bera 
(Wi). Surely Great Mtaerad SUc .16 
PoU/s Song. 20 Auntia Cydona. Hue 
Cotes®. Emma's Whisper. 33 Good 
Game. Home Device, Quite So, 
Rankstraet Little Lochette. Sautamert. 
Nustrats. Dohty Baby. Patroc Concait, 
Meath Princasa. Ring Back. 26 ran. U 
1KL *L W. 1«L W OTSorman at 
Newmarket Tote £423 £523 £123 
E28.13.E2.13 DR £2023 CSF: £8123. 
Tricast £1591 28. 

Ptocepot C1S190 

out ( 1 2-1 L 

Tote £123 £120, £1.13 £223 
DF: £123 CSF: £323 
345 (2m ch) 1, UngfH Stronge. 5-lk Z 
Le Mattel (12-lj: ft Gttpplnp Lad (33-1). 2- 
1 fav Snttto-rwit 9 tan. 2541. 7L P Harris. 
Tote £5.13 £223 £343 £423 DF: 
£27.13 CSF: £6359. 

4.15 pm St 110yd hdto)_1. WMta Rose 

. i Smkh Ecdes. 7-4 favt ft Astteot B-1k 
ft Spetite Setaement (S-a. 9 ran. 6L 1 0L N 
Henderson. Tote £223 £1.13 £223 
£1.40. DR £1123 CSR £1313 
Ptaeepob E2ft55 

Wintle back 
with a winner 

20 Hightend 


tei - 


i * 4 *- 1 * 1 




rt -si * 4 ' 


it.k* *'■ 


. • ■ r r 5 

pw*'* '* 


. ■ V , ‘- 




* (4m). 15 Dawn Romp (603 Sylvan Orient 
“ istm.20Poflan Bay. 33 ATteventa. Festive 
V Occaaoa Sprmo Forward, TeehnocrM, 
“ idSkyAtfflaiiLTi" 

i. m a ik 



i*l Lady Harries at 

LitttoftamptOh, Tote £823 £120. £1 A0. 
£1.50. DF: £ - ~ 


£12.10. CSF: 


Newmarket. Tote £823 ^O^EjjO. 
£123 DF wan any other 

horea £2.73 CSF: £5124. 



125 (Imn. Qrotel ORMBBa (G Bmter. 

£223 CSF: £621. 

ftO [71)1. KASTAMOUNU Md. 

' . 2-1 fevkftlM 

Splash On (WRSwtobum. T2-i fav): ft 

* - 3W&tfr2 

Byou (P Waldron. 4-1). ALSO 

220 (im 2 fil. FIRST KM (BThdritoOn, 

7.^2 Morind (S Cauttw. 3-1): ft 

RAN: 11-4 tav Ambass ador (4jh^ 

. i* 



F • ' , 

. 2 fEndtm Gosap. 

... Homfly. Mbk Per 

a 33 Don't Yar 
A Prendre. 

Aral wave. 16 ran. et. 

Houghton at Dtocot. Tote £583 £1-53 
£1.73 £1.60. DF: £723 CSF) £1924. Im 

14 Ramberoe. 

' SbiS 

Concert Wind 
L. nk, IB, 1L R 

8 Just 

Tote £2-73 £143 £1.93 £240. D ft 
£723 CSF: £945. 

ftftift iKL'3 Dunka » AiwdteTote 
£623 £3.13 £123 t\r 


t'i s * w ' 


220 m 140yd) 1. B0CAT0WER 

Owk. fr4 ' ' “ " ' - ' 

Norwich Paiaca 

hmw. tarn si-v. -■•8°. 

CSF: £27.97. Altar • stewards Inquiry the 
result stood. 


. .. Jona*. Trimdoor, 10 
- Secoot. 25 Gerimw. SamhBL Madam 
■ TrflBy, wnao Wnstnft 33 Qrortdad, Utile 
Raakn, Bamar Lad. Brancfa Bottte <M«L 
16 ran. 1L 4L nk. fiL 1L G Harwood at 

7 iwah. Jack Strew. 

to Natnrefly Autumn. 11 Royal wona^ 
20 CoupdSVoudre (HftVHte 
.Amanda Jana, 33 BanteAJid Brass- 

zr Tote tZStk MM.JU30, 
£4.10. DR £17.70. CSR £4383. Tneate 

3.TS (im 4Q 1 , Ctme Pour The Wkw CJ 
Quinn. 5-lt ft Mbs Bocca (4-1t ft 
Atohietlcal Order (M lav). 8 ran. 1«. ft 
HWhanon. Tow £7.03 £350. £123 
£123 DF: £983 CSF: £24.05. BOUSIK m 

JriteWfS Webstar. 6- 

1K2. Densben(8-i):3?S(SifcUJdy(i2- 
Ij! 7-4 lav Our Gmbt. 12 ran. imL hd. 
ikl ft *l a Moore at iratowum. Tow 
£10.17) £243 £223 £4.40. DP. £4343 
CSF: £55.75. Trieste £ 52333. 

David Wintle, foe trainer, and 
jockey, Tony CanglL, came ba ck 
with a with a winner at 
Fakenham yesterday on their 
return from' a three month 

Both were banned by tike 
Jockey Clnb after they were 
unable to explain the Improve- 
ment of Hem Dt Sienna, who 
landed a gamble to win a selling 
handle at Taunton after finish- 
ing down, the field In a previous 

They were back In the 
winner's enclosure when 
Pronoptia Bride. Wintk's first 
rnnner, landed foe Wokingham 
Selling Handicap Hurdle - after 
being backed from 16-1 to 7-1. 

“Irs very nice to be bade,*' 
smiled Wintle, who admitted: “I 
did fancy; her a lot." 

The win. completed a double 
for jockey Carroll, who had 
earlier won the first nee on Turn 
'Em Back Jack. ’ 






NORTH AMERICA: PMsdaktta Eagles 2ft 
San Diego CMrasre 7: MM StaafareSO. 
QncSvA Bangals 9: Us Angolas Rams 14. 
Atlanta Fkfcons 7: Dates C&wtipys 37. St 
Lads Canteals B; Dsnvar Brenotszo, Sava* 
Seahmfcs 13 Kmsas Cthr CMafs 27. Taitna 
Bay Buccanaare 20: Miami Dolphins 17. 
tndafapois Cote 13: New Yorti Jsts2ft Now 
Oriaara SaMs 23 CNwatand Bmm 23. 
Mnnssafa VSings 23 Chicago Basra 13, 
Dsoot Lions 7; Los Angelas Raiders 2ft 
Houston Oters 17; Nnr England ftdriott 23. 
ButtalD BUB 3: San Frandsoo 49sns 31 . Green 
BayPacksis 17. 

London 98 (Roberts 31. Betts 22 sti 
20). Sftsrp Mancflssw Untsd 85; 

Eater Bracknad 96 (SUter 24. WVson _... 
CaidanWa Bcpiorere 90 (Blunt 39, Johnson 

19K BPCC Derby 71 fCoa 24. B8s 24L 
Portsmoum 89 (tosh 22. WM&ms 19); 
HsmeVWMfbfld Royals 99 frWa 26. Knuckles 
22). Wmninam Bdats W (Shoudara 2ft 
Hayes 23k OtBapare Tools Scwnt72 fRpbn- 

23: SaSord 23. Btrtumhead 18: EK B2 14, 
Liverpool 21; RuMte Eao«M 2ft AsMortl 
Tanners 14. Woman ■* English League: 
RUsfip Eagles 21. Halawooo Fonim 11. 

77 TELFOMk knar Cky nattonaJ chu O an ga: 

Open: L Goss (Ebbeftami 
reftS-ft*- ' * 


.9-a 24.108, 10-9. R 
iron Pntry) bt □ Kcfcman 
■ 9-2.1 0-8. Wo m a nH OpareF 
) bt S LangMj (Northantt). 9J. 
9-4. 9-1. j PsiVw (Kora) tn s Wright (Kent), 9- 
!*■ Over 3K P WTgW 

7. 9-6. &4. Man’s 

son 24. Leefa 14. tteirt 13), Ro^Vai^ 

Sundsriand 79 (McCray 25. . 

Muhigs 14). Second dhMwc OUham Catties 


140. CBS Cpfchesw 105: P jymow h Ra ldare 
a Rentals Rhondda 

Eastern Division W L T PFPA 

New York 7 1 0 206188 

N Eng Patriots 5 3 0 219115 

MfamiDototens 3 5 0 198233 

BoflatoBife 2 a 0 145171 

kxtanapoSsCoitS 0 8 0 81208 

aft Team Walsal 116; Just I _ _ .. 

119. Toww KanttB W; Lambeth Topcats 9ft 
Swttidon Rakars 96. Womanfalhit (Maion: 

2 . Yoriahka Z Durttam e. Cumtrt 2 ; 
Lsncashra 3. Nonhunberiand 3 Derbyshire 
1 . Sufbnhftm 1 : Lncastarafare 0 . Worcas- 
terehtra Z Nonh am pt o nsiWa 0. Wanridofllm 
pstere 2 . Noun 

(pranMas bt J McCoRum (Edgbaron PnoryL 
9-5, 9-4, 7-9. M. 10-ft A (GoSTp" 



LanOsth Lady Topcass 48, BCP London 79; 
Hemal and WSsofeid 5 

. M»nghemsr»ra 3; 
Gtoucestsrstvm 1. Dtnat 1: Dawn ft 
Somerset 2: Hsrelanl 3 Conwnl 1: Okuces- 
tarstve Z watahea 1: Devon ft Dorset 1; 

50. Typhoo Hsasre 

ShottMU 40; Stockport LouwSta 72. Avon 
Northampton 87. 

Somaraar ft Haretord ft- CambrUoasiws ft 
■ wdshka ft Unco* 


Sutton 1: Essex 7. Bedtocdst** L 

shea 4, H mto r Ush lfs 4; Buetttn gte m shl ra 2. 
CMorttsht™ ft Sussex ft Berkshire 1; 
0. Surrey 0: Hamratwre l, Kant 1. 

Awe)trtB Patterson (Portsmouth), 1C 

5. 9- 5. Wonwnfa Over 33: B Dtagens isussax) 
tx A Murphy (Essex), 9-1 . 9-478-1: D Murray 
(Mates) bt L Batobnijga gteto. 9-6. 9-1. 9-0. 
VMaran Hare M GrureJv ^vomsop) bt D 
BncSHun [Yamft 9-4, 9-4, 9-1 , M Yasm (South 
B*rik LoretenL tX B Mason (GnenoftMU Si , 9- 

1. 9- 2. Vawran Wd re t ax A Martqy (Avon) tx B 
Sanderson (Essex). 9 < 7-5. 9-Z. 9-0: B 

Central Division W L T PFPA 

Cincinnati Bengals 5 3 0 185222 

Cleveland Browns 5 3 0 175180 

Pittsburgh Starters 2 6 0 115 192 

Houston Oflers 1 7 0 145178 

S«>FELO SHIELD: Dawnpoit 
I 243 (D J Buckenhom 7ft M G Hugnat 5 tor 
■temen 27 for 6(G Hughes 52t Vfct0rta^M 

5 Em 

7% and 127 for 6(G Hughes Kft \4ctorta 327 
for 3 dec ID M Jones m. J D SUdons 7ft S P 

Dertiyatara 1: 


Western Division W L T PFPA 

Denver Broncos 7 1 0 209136 

Seattle Soahawks 5 3 0 178120 

Kansas City Cfatete 5 3 0 181 172 

LA Raiders 5 3 0 164147 

S Diego Chargers 1 7 0 168224 


warwfcfegMe ft 

MtonricfcsNra 1. StatforttaNra i , 

tonslwe ft D*i«u».rr; ft Budonghamhnl. 
Oxfordshire ft nrieshre ft Sussex ft Sterraii 
1. Hampshire 1: Nottnghamshire 1, Stvop- 
stxrs ft BedtordsNra 4, Shropshre ft 
Bedtordstea ft NoatognamstUa ft Latoastsr- 
■iweft Worcaatenlwe 1. 

trim (Da I 

9-1. 9-ft 9-1. Student Men: i . .. 
ham), m A Maclean (MareosL 9-3. * 

Evans (Camondgai Dt M Baker ^ Wwj . 

i|, lira, a-q. 5 -i,d 
I Montgomery (Utswr). 
ten: A Foley (Nortmo- 
areosL &AM. 9ft N 

(Manchester) M R Stenyon (Warwick). 9-3. 9- 
3. 9-0: M Gatowsy fCsmOnoge) bt D Dues 
(TattanluB). 9-5. 9-0, 9-7. 

WESTLOMXM OPEN: Mare SereHtaalc M 



pototR ft J Kirsten, . 
m two taps oehfndrft 


Eastern Division WLT PFPA 

Washington Redskins fi 1 0 148118 

DaBas Cowboys .6 2 0 226134 

NY GleatS 5 2 0 142 90 

PMaEagtes 3 5 0 121166 

StLoutsbardkals 1 7 0 103194 


I Hermann ttJodX). 

. I iOwne/E c-i Me 

201 . two laps behind: 4. J MuOer/S Joho 
■ 23<r. tone taps bahlna; ft U FroiXar 
■upMefliL 169. tee tops behind: 
| (WGMS Hermann (UaewTlSa. tee 
iiammSchlaphoHAI Bokan wwa. 


— JKD Hams. 6-8. 9-6. 9-7. 9-ft P 
WfUo fli M M Madroi. 9- 6. 0-9. 9-5. 9-2. 

95. 9-7. B final: S MmSmC Kwh^fsiS: 

GALLOWAY FOREST: KarrXnar wwm teta 
marathon: Etox (5ft9km)1. D Ratchfla and P 
bwto. snr 50min ihc ft P Hams. M Genu. 
10.18.1ft 3. M Stone, S Bradsnaw. 1023.13. 
Other etees wteMnc A (47 -4kn£ A Kitehen. P 
8A9.1S. B N Conway, P 



Thurau [WQ.ra. fligfa tops beteidi 9. G Frank 
(Denys ValetMFrt. 48. o^jix tops behtod: 10. 
DGwbtan CWGVD Sanaa (Fr). 9ft nine tops 


72947. C 

K R o bins o n. L 

NEWCASTLE; H ewte a Packard Earetah 
Schoots BhampfonafafoK Bow: Junior 6ea- 
•tyte relay: Division fin® (Avon. Cameras, 

Devon. GfoucastersnirB. Somerset. WHtstwe). 
2mai 282BHK (cnamponEhte record) Med* 

Central DMsfon WLT PFPA 

Chicago Bear* 7 1 0 188 97 

Minnesota VBcfeigs 5 3 0 178114 
Detroit Uons 3 5 0 123143 

Tampa Bey Bugs 1 7 0 1Z7218 

Green Bay Packets 1 7 0 108222 

CONCEPCION: Tour of CMa: State Mage: 1. 
J Afonso (Sp). 4hr Smin 38aacft R TorfolerU 


tey^Wtojjc^nvtoxtn eight (Cambridg«tm. 

Suffolk 1 , 2*022. 'Poobb 
pta HemwdSa 

(It). 4rift4ft 3, W Maralrass (Brw). 4£ft4& (KU. 
4J IsaasolSoL AJJ55S5. M ArawnaffihUe), *22. 
4AftSft OvanB uwte a a 1. E Cuevas (Bel) 

jCtd4L^2lhf 20mto 

Western DfvUon W L T PFPA 

LA Rams 6 2 0 144127 

Atlanta Fatoons 5 2 1 187132 

San Fran 49ere 5 2 1 201 124 

NewOriSaMs 9 5 0 152150 

1^0.03: ft A Herrera I 
CorararaE (Am). 21- 

BARCELONA: Cataleniu rath: 1, FTObaton 
Lwoa. 4fa i7mln 45sec: ft C Sam ISp)- 
JS; 3. S Serwa (S(ft 424 Q6: 4. P “ - 
(Bat). 427.16. final 
stnBags: 1. Tabaton.425pis:2. 
ft B Femandaz (&pL 229. 

10 dm tOktoem). 53.70. 

tOOm backstroke: M O'Connor (ThamosKJe). 
1-^249 100m brearatetea: I McKovas 



ns. Senior fmvtyto tatwr. Ontewn live. 
2ri 64)7. 100m freestyle: M R 

Foster (Street). 
51.71 (champwn s nip'ieaordl. lOOn back- 




1 841 

TU15A: 15tan read race: Mbk 1, P Donovan 
44nin 5. BMC: Z M Barreto (Mfoft 


Zealand I 


0-21 4-21 3k 3. Taiwan 849 (21! ^ 

PB67 (el 8-217*21 aM 
868(214-217-218-21® I 

ft Wan 
7. New 

SCHOOLS MATCHES: Bethany 14, Chatham 
Horea GS 0-, Btundetrs 20. Quean's. Taunon 
6: CMstohuret and Stocup GS «. St Man's. 
Stocup 13: coy d London 38. SI James ft 
Cmbrook 6. Kinp'*. Rochester 6: Dover 7. 
Kent 4: Dulwich 18, Queen Elizabeth GS. 

r* 20: 

stroke: t Panting (Keny CoaegeL roi 6ft 
100m breastroke: A ncOTrattf (WedcHHc). 
1.0807. 100m butterfly: fi Lamnman (Kely 

Co*M*). 57 96. Metfley: G Rooms (Pons- 

WakeftoW ft Edtoburgn 
Gordon's ft Emanuel 7. 

J, C Rets ( 

M Honrtn (SwtLT 

44DB5. Women: 1, 
Z f Lanteu Siam 
— 5M1A 

i hr Bonn 30aec 2. P 
. 1^656:3. EBanatt 
Vatanre: M MSford 
1. Brigtaan and 
08.-3. Worthma, lift 
' 1:19:15. 2. A 

870 1228-21 6^12-21% fl, Ffanca^B70 (220- 
21ft213-219); 10, Spolr 

Spain 873 (223-218-220- 

Gresham's 15. Noongnsm HS2s: Hadeybuy 
2ft Habenlashare' Aaa'g, r ' ‘ " 


' L itoTilft 
(Hasbnm), 1:1432. 

V to mt K 1 £ teases 
Rawtea (Crowborougn. I3iri6: ft J hce 
IBripmon and Hov^. izfcll. Taeau 1. Arena 

n^NHAMIJneaSktetlteKl equaLW 
Snetorove (nanes HH). II 
GL Taftlft 3. G Sjaaon (f 
veteran: P Kemp .Brodon 


Heal scares: (Tournament snortsrted to l 
boles. US unless stateeft 196: B Crensaaw. 
65. 87. 64. 197: P Stouten. 67. 8ft SS. 201: E 

^ . . Sstrae ft Hanwv 

12. Tenbridgs 16: Nng Edward's. Bato is, 
Beoehan CM ft Kmg * Cansereury 9. Eaa* 
bourne 7: King's. Muctesflud 14.51 Bede's 
4: KCS IffliWSeoon 1ft Gt John's. 
Laatheihaad ft Uandowry 7, ChnsL Brecon 
11: Loretta 33. SirediMsn 1ft Maktttone GS 

i), 3G133. Grtnahy Tiavriar Owners 
Trophy: Omrion five. 50 pis. 

Ctete Jurior medtoy rehnr: Division ll (Kent. 
Surrey I. 257.44. lWpTre*«yt« A Ctoiiua 
(Tiverton), T 51-lft 100m backstroke: J 

aakins (EvBsnarn). 1-10 62. 100m 

breastmka:' H Watson 1.15.61 

(cnampkxntop record). 100m butterfly: T 
Horner lEundertatt). 1.07.75- Medley: J 

MKfoiw.W, 67, 68: 

■ 6ft W- fLBteto 68; Gft S7. 

R CtonmetL \ 

||j plfj^ f 

L Mbs, 67. k'Qi'D Potey, 70, B5. 67; K 
Knox. 6ft 67. E9-. J Roman. B7. 87. 6ft U 
O-Gredy. 70. 64. 68. 203: R Floyd. 69. 87. 67; J 

6, Judd 14: "Oakham 17. Ra d i S rwon 10: 
" " >od 1ft Merchant 

irttos ^J). 67. 6ft 67: T KM, ffl. 67. 67; 

Thorpe. CT. 67. 68. SM4iK 65.68. 

Merchant Tariors'. Northwood ' 

Taylor's. Gmsby 14: Ratem 4. St Edward 1 *- 
Oxford 4: RosssJI 38. Kng Mtarn'S. K?M. ft 
RydN 14, Westoy, Dublin 13; St Edmungs 
Ware 34. Douai 3: StFafa'aft BngbtDn4. IKS 

I r aaaWs : K Pickering (Qnghton). 5B57aoc. 
100m baefestroka: S Krtw&sd (Htfl). 1 fl920, 
100m bmaamke H Fran (Leeds). 1:1409. 
100m Butterfly: A Jonas (UwrpOOD, 1KM42. 

Medley: Z fon ^lKrty CoMegeL. 3:1941. 




21. St Dunsan's 4: Weftoonav Berks 1ft 
- rik22.Dfanem13. 

Trent 12: West PaikJ 

IftftSl.Teest; l.'Htgram H, l8pts.Woma«e 
_ ‘ LOnL Iflft - * 

scares: 272: R Navarro (Braz). 67. 72. 6ft 68. 


1, J Refifnsm(N LOn). 1GS2K 

277: V Femsndte^. 70. 67. ».72.2t1:V 

R S g S tedO(M»a,70 ! 7ft 

(GtfjL 71. 74767. 70; M 

7ft 63.S 




9L 71. 74. 67. 70; M Fernandez (Am). Oft 
70. 74. 7th C SanudO (USL 66. 73, 71. rft A 
, 68. 69. M, 76. 263; J Haret 


HUU County ch a ei il imah i p: Yorkshire 14. 
Derbyshire 4. 

[US). 72. 7 . . 

71, 7ft H Vlzzana 

65: J 



%.mft 7 

graft 71. 71. 



dhbtoK BefcWfl Cara 3. Patetey i : B Ktondo 
3. scooch Farm ft K/tto4h asm 3, Team 
Kayplam 2: MM 3. Duuee Kirioon 0: Kryatal 
tsaar 3. Falcon Bsancai ft woownfaflna 
dMakac Provincial Ins 3, Scottish Fane ft 
Cariuke ft invwoyde 2 (abandoned). 

three (Yeriohre. 

Hunfoetsxle). 25357. Freaatyte relay-. Dw- 
sxsn mo (Chestm. Lancastwe. Merseyuae. 
ts« of Man). 2966*. Great Yarraontti 
ChaUsnge Bowk Drvfaon 12, 29 ots. Senior 
madtay refay; Dmsxjn lour (DprOystore. 
Lelcasnreiwa, Uncoinshn. Northampton, 
sme. Noamgnamsmra. WsrencksnxeL 
251.62. IDOm butterfly: N Kennedy (War- 
wick). 1-0501. Medtoy: H WASH (Stroll, 

3ri51fl. Freaawia relay: Drwwon i2'(B«k- 
orsaL HsmpstwB. Oxtordshira. Sus- 

stwe. Donat l . . 

sex. Channel totes, tote fa Wight). 237.07. 
Great Yarmouth Stadkw Trophy: Division 
tour. 39 pre. 

May Batman Trophy. (Ovete top dmsionf 
Dmaton tee. 187 OB. 

r- 'A-. 



John Blunsden reviews a vintage Grand Prix year and provides some pointers for 1987 

lure as valuable as title 

D uring the 37-year history' of the 
formula one world champion- 
ship there have been several 
seasons of grand prix racing of 
.... lr H* y vin| age quality. But few. if 
J?- • _ clo * c 10 matching the seven 
t of . Prcssunr excitement, 
rccnntcal accomplishment and sporting 

Sunday 0,61,1 w ^' c ^ cn< fed ' n Adelaide on 

The prospect of having a British world 
champion for the first time in a decade 
inevitably heightened home interest in the 
build-up to the crucial 16th and final round 
of the contest, and in recent weeks the 
Pressures on Nigel Mansell have been 
immense. The manner in which he has 
coped with them and prevented them from 
jeopardizing the sustained excellence of his 
qualifying and racing skills provide one of 
the most significant memories of the 
season for those of us who watch closely 
from the irackside. 

It is not Nigel Mansell's fault that he is 
not world champion today. All the hard 
work necessary to secure the title on 
Sunday had been almost completed, during 
a drive of notable composure and fluency, 
when his left rear tyre disintegrated so 

Yet he has emerged from this character- 
building season with a reward perhaps as 
valuable as the title itself. It is his new 
status, earned through his performances 
both on and oft - the track, which have 
placed him among the elite of the grand 
prix fraternity - those drivers who have 
not only proven their ability to win the 
championship given the right equipment, 
but have also demonstrated without doubt 
their ability to handle all the paraphernalia 
of stardom in an accomplished and 
convincing manner. Champion or not, he 

is already a worthy ambassador for his 

It was typical of another true star of the 
circuits that Alain Prost. in his moment of 
triumph, should have paid such a warm 
tribute to Mansell. “I fee! so sorry for Nigel, 
not just because he is such a close friend, 
but because 1 know how terrible it feels to 
lose the championship in the last race — it 
happened to me in 1983 and 1984 before I 
won last vear. I hope Nigel's turn will come 
in i 987." 

But nothing should be allowed to bcfinJe 
the quality of Frost's own achievement in 
winning two titles back to back, the first 
time this has happened since Jack Brabham 
completed the double in 1959 and 1960. In 
the end Prost did so by becoming the most 
consistent driver of the year, taking world 
championship points from 13 of the 16 
races (though he had to discard his two 
lowest scores under the rules). 

The Marlboro McLaren has now 
powered the world champion driver three 
years in succession, a formidable achieve- 
ment. especially as the inability of the TAG 
turbo engine to accept as much qualifying 
boost as its main rivals has frequently 
placed the front row of the starting grid 
beyond the team's reach. 

Throughout 1986. however, the Canon 
Williams-Hondas have been the dominant 
cars, their combination of more than 
adequate power, seemingly unrivalled en- 
gine efficiency, a nimble and responsive 
chassis, and formidable reliability, backed 
up by brilliant pit work, having taken them 
to a clear cut victory in the constructors' 
world championship.' 

This is the third time that this often 
overlooked but immensely satisfying 
award has gone to the Didcot-based team. 
They won nine of the season's races (five 
with Nigel Mansell, four with Nelson 

Provisional dates for 1987 

Paris (Beater) — The 3987 formula one 
motor racing season will begin with the 
Brazilian Grand Prix on April 12 and end 
with the Australian Grand Prix on Novem- 
ber 1. according to the provisional calendar 
outlined by International Motor Sport 
Federation "(FISA) sources hen? yesterday. 
No date has yet been set in the 17-race cal- 
endar for the European Grand Prix on the 
West German Nurbargring track. 
PROVISIONAL CALENDAR: April 12: Braz* (Rio do 
Janeiro). May 3: San Marino. May 17: Belgium. 
May 31: Monaco. June 14: Canada. June 21: 
Detroit. July 5; France (Le Castellet). July 12: 
Britain (Sitverstone). Aug 2: West Germany 
(Hockonheim). Aug 16: Austria. Aug 23: Hungary. 
Slept 6: Italy (Monza). Sept 2tk Portugal (Estoril). 
Sept 27: Spain (Jerez). Oct 18: Mexico. Nov 1: 
Australia (Adelaide). 

European Grand Prix (Nurburgrmg) date to be 

Piquet), while Alain Prost scored four 
times with his McLaren-TAG (bringing his 
personal score to 25 wins, equalling those 
of Jim Clark and Niki Lauda and only two 
wins short of Jackie Stewart's aU-time 
record). Aynon Senna scored twice in 1986 
with his JPS Lotus-RenauJt and Gerhard 
Berger won the remaining race for the 
BMW-powered Benetton team. 

Only four driven — Prost, Mansell, 
Piquet and Senna — were ever really in 
contention for the world championship, 
and what a see-saw battle it became. Piquet 
won the first race in Brazil, so immediately 
went ahead, but Senna was in the lead after 
the second round and the two of them were 
tied after the third. Then Prost headed the 
list after winning at Monaco, following 
which he and Senna exchanged places at 
the top of the table over the next four races. 

Mansell only emerged at the top after the 

ninth race, but he remained there until the 
final round and at one stage — after 
Portugal - he had the biggest lead of the 
season, which was just 10 points. Through- 
out the season the average margin between 
the leader and the runner-up was less than 
four points — the battle was that close. 

Although the championship inevitably 
dominated the scene. 1 986 was a significant 
season in several other respects, ft marked 
the arrival of the grand prix world in 
Eastern Europe for the first time on the 
magnificent new H ungaro ring, a race 
facility built from barren land on the 
outskirts of Budapest in a matter of months 
— a remarkable achievement for new- 
comers to formula one. More recently, the 
return to Mexico City after an absence of ! 6 
years produced a bumpy ride for everyone, 
but at least crowd control there was 
effective (the 1970 race had ended with 
spectators spilling onto the track) so its 
place on the calendar now seems assured. 

There were both pluses and minuses on 
the engine front. The return of Ford was a 
positive move during the only season when 
anything other than a turbocharged engine 
was outlawed (next season, normally 
aspirated power units will begin their 
comeback alongside the turbos, whose days 
are now numbered). 

However. Renault's inability to forge a 
link with McLaren following JPS Lotus’s 
decision to use Honda power next year has 
now led to the French company's with- 
drawal as an engine supplier, while BMW, 
who have been supporting three teams, are 
to restrict themselves next year to honour- 
ing their uncompleted contract with 
Brabham. Alfa Romeo are returning as 
engine suppliers to Ugier in place of 
Renault, and at least three other teams can 
be expected to change their engine sources 
for next season. 

Gerhard Berger’s victory in Mexico came 
too late for Pirelli to reconsider their 
decision to withdraw from the grand prix 
scene, which seems likely to provide 
Goodyear with a monopoly next season. 
The American company have indicated 
their willingness to fill the vacuum caused 
by Pirelli’s departure, but in return is 
asking for certain safeguards from the 
sport's admin istratots if it is to shoulder the 
burden of servicing the entire field. 

The most important off-track develop- 
ment of 1986 was the announcement of 
new formula one regulations to operate 
progressively from 1987. The major impact 
will not be felt until 1988, by which time a 
new breed of 3.S litre normally-aspirated 
engines should be reasonably competitive 
against the turbos. 

Next season, the turbos will still rule, if 
only because the new boost restriction of 
four bar is actually a little higher than that 
regularly used in race trim this season. 

As for individual team prospects, JPS 
Lotus should benefit considerably by the 
switch to Honda power and thereby 
provide tougher opposition to the W illiams 
team, while Marlboro McLaren have yet to 
reveal the frill potential of the latest 
development progress made with their 
TAG turbo engine and so can confidently 
be expected to re main among the 

History repeated itself on Sunday when 
Keke Rosberg retired while in the lead of 
the Australian Grand Prix — his last race. 
Last year his predecessor at McLaren, Niki 
Lauda, suffered a similar fete in the last 
drive of his grand prix career. 

If, as is expected, Stefan Johansson takes 
Rosberg's place, he win find the McLaren 
much less of a handful than the Ferrari with 
which he has wrestled so manfully during 


Prize money up as 

to pulling power 

By Mitchell Platts 

The balance of power in 
European golf continues to shift 
towards the continent following 
the announcement today that 
the 19S7 PGA Tour will be 
worth a minimum of £6.5 
million compared with last 
years £5.4 million. 

Moreover, in seeking cover 
for the likely phasing oul of part 
of the Safari tour, which will 
become necessary if the Nigeri- 
ans fail to complete payment on 
iheir Open which finished eight 
months ago. the PGA European 
Tour are aiming at Southern 
Europe and even Northern 

New tournaments will in- 
clude the German Masters and 
the probable return of the 
Belgian Open, but British spec- 
tators lose the Car Care Plan 
International after five years, 
while the Jersey Open must 
agree to a dates switch, possibly 
opposite the US Masters, in 
order to continue. 

Ken Schofield, the Executive 
Director of the PG A European 
Tour, said: “My target is to have 
by 1 9^0 a circuit which stretches 
from March 1 5 to November JO. 
We are seeking to extend the 
season by playing in Southern - 
Europe. We will also look at 
northern Africa, at places such 
as Tunisia, as the Safari circuit is 
likely to come under review. 

“There is no doubt that the 
balance has swung to the conti- 
nent in terms of very real 
increases in prize money. The 
Ebel European Masters could 
top £300.000 next season and 
the German Open will comfort- 
ably exceed £200.000 and. in 
addition to that, the German 
Masters will be another very big 
tournament. In facL we expect 
in the end to have something 
like 14 events each with prize 
funds of £200.000 or more.'* 

The growth in the game on the 
continent was highlighted only 
recently when the lour signed an 
agreement with Trans World 
International, a subsidiary of 
Mark McCormack's Interna- 
tiona] Management Group, 
aimed at encouraging television 
coverage in Britain of conti- 
nental events. Only last week- 
end. Scottish TV’ showed live 
the play-olT in the Lancome 
Trophy in Paris. Even so. there 
are significant increases in ihe 
prize funds of several of the 
tournaments in Great Britain 

and Ireland, with the Epson 
Grand Prix purse increasing 
from £100.000 to £250.000 and 
the Bell’s Scottish Open moving 
from £130.000 to a minimum of 
£ 200 . 000 . 

The spread of tournaments is 
likely to be 1 5 in Great Britain 
and Ireland next year, compared 
with [ 7 on the continent and the 
swing in power is clearly a result 
of the surge in sponsorship on 
the continent: which has lifted 
prize money into a zone which 
home sponsors will not match 
without guaranteed television 

The one exception to the rule 
is the Lawience Bailey Inter- 
national. which will be played 
on August 20-23 next year. “I 
am particularly delighted that 

Lawrence, who has been a great 
supporter of the tour, is keen to 
continue and we are in fact on 
rfiahe point of signing a new lhree- 
vear agreement with him." said 
Schofield. The Lawrence Bailey 
International will not have tele- 
vision coverage, but it is likely 
to move away from The Belfry, 
possibly to an Open Champion- 
ship venue. 

It means that the Lawience 
Bat ley International will also 
supply Ryder Cup points, with 
the race for places in the 
European team ending the 
following week at the German 
Open. The likelihood is that 
nine players will automatically 
quality' and that Tony Jacklin. 
the captain, will select three 
players as he did in 1985 when 
the” United Slates were beaten 
for the first lime since 1957. 

Even so. the start of the Ryder 
Cup points race is likely to bqjin 
earlier than usual if the or- 
ganizers of the Jersey Open 
agree to stage their event on 
April 9-12. although the expan- 
sion of the tour could lead to the 
return of the Algarve Open in 
March. The Portuguese Open 
wilt be further developed follow- 
ing the signing of a four-year 
contract between the Federation 

and Camcorp- the international 

golf promotions company 
headed by former Walker Cup 
player. Roddy Carr, leaving 
Antonio Carmona Santos, who 
has held the reins for three 
years, free to devote his atten- 
tion to resurrecting the Algarve 

Walker, has been through the rigours of PGA examination 



By John Hennessy 

PHIL: 2-5: Duntnfl Cut) aualityrog (Rome): 
12: io be arranged- 16-19: Suze Open 
lames Mouginsl; 23-28: Capsa Madrid 
pen (Puena ae Hierro): 30-May a Italian 
pen (Monti cvHo (Mian) 

AY 7-10: Eason Grand Prrx ol Europe 
I Pierre. Chepstow). 14- : JE"3£* 
jamsn Open (Las Bnsasi; 22-25: Wnyie 



tfn Goit and Country CtuOj. 11-14 
suqecn Frencfl Open (wnuB » be 
inourwed): 18-21: K£7- 

ihnnie Walker Monte Cano open (Mont 

Jly- 2-5: Carrolls Irish Open 
ortmanwek): 8-11: BeHs ScMftsh Open 
aeneagtes Harefl. 16-19 The Often 
hSSdfc 23-26: KlM Dutch Open 
KuroV. 30- Aug 2. Scanttrenwn 

iMipnsa Open (UUnai. 

AUGUST: 6-9: PLM Open Ljungtiusens 
(MaliTOi: 13-16- Benson and Hedges 
International (Fulloria. York) 20-23: Law 
ience Bailev International (venue to be 
announced!: 27-30. German Open 

SEPTEMBER: 3* EbeJ European Mas- 
iers-Swiss Own (Crans-sur-S*rrer. ID- 
13- Panasonic European Open (Walton 
Heaihr 17-20 to &a arranged. 24-27: 
Ryder Cup iMinrheld Viliaqei. 

BaHeeieros tSoi. £2-2.208 IS346.3571: 2. 
J-M CrtazaDal (Spi. S136.775 (Si 95.568): 
3. H Clary tCBi. £121.902 /SI 74.3! 9; 4. 1 
Woosnam (GBI.E1 1 1.79B (S1S9.8711. 5. G 
Brand (GBj. £106.314 tSi 52.0291: 6. M 
McNulty iZim). El 01 .327 (5144.8971: 7. R 
Dana fAuSI. 135.438 15136.462): S. A 
Forstwwd I S*ei. £34.706 IS1 2 1 . 1 29). 9. R 
Ra Hefty (GB). £80.335 ($114 879). 10. G 
Brand mr (GB). £78.639 (SH2.453I. 

Mickey Walker, twice a for- 
mer British amateur champion 
and a trail-blazer in the United 
States as a professional, is 
helping to posh hack another 
frontier. She has been appointed 
head professional at the Warren 
Club in Essex. She has a 
teaching appointment on a 
cruise ship until No 1 - ember 9 
and will take np her new post 
soon after her return. ”1 can’t 
wait to get started.** she said 

Beverly LewH. the chairman 
of the Women's Professional 
Golf .Association, regards this as 
a significant development, “it is 
marvellous news. We've had to 
fight to be taken seriously as 
professionals. From a playing 
point of view we hare achieved 
that. Now it is clear we can be 
taken seriously as c!ob 
professionals."* she said. 

Mrs Lewis is harsclf an 
assistant professional at the 
Warren Park Centre, also in 

Miss Walker, a former 
WPGA chairman during a pe- 
riod of severe crisis, owes her 
new distinction not only :o ber 
stature as a player, bat also to 
her character- Simply being 
herself during two Pro-Ams ai 
the Warren was enough to 
imprint her name in the nxiad of 
John Durham, the proprietor of 
the family-owned dub. 

“She is charming and relaxed, 
not at all poshy,“ be said. “And 
when we met to discuss ber 

possible appointment as succes- 
sor to John Hudson, it was soon 
apparent she would be an ideal 

He did not think that there 
would be any resentment among 
the 800 members, mostly men of 
course, “apart from the odd male 
c ha uv inisL" 

Miss W aiker, now aged 33. is 
not the first woman head pro- 
fessional. Mary Holway held 
that position at Cottesmore, in 
Sussex, from 1977 to 1982, 
before going into semi-retire- 
ment in the Sciliy Isles. Bin 
Miss Walker is the first of the 
modern breed of playing pro- 
fessionals who have gone 
through the rigorous examina- 
tion system of the Professional 
Golfers' Association at 
Lilieshall in order to prepare 
tkemsehes for the future. 

it has been apparent in recent 
seasuns that the lustre bad gone 
from Miss Walker's game and 
her decline to 43rd in last year's 
order of merit reflected ber lack 
of motivation. “For IS years I've 
been era veiling all over the 
world.** she said yesterday, “and 
I've now had enough of living out 
of a suitcase. It has become loo 
much of a hassle.” 

She Is delighted to recognize 
that, as she bows out. Britain 
has nurtured “the most exciting 
player in the world today. We're 
sr. lucky to have a girl like Laura 
Davies.** W« were lucky, too, to 
have bad Mickey Walker for so 


Warkup in tie 
after protest 

Ddhi LAP) - The seventh 
Himalayan rally was declared a 
lie last night between ueoree 
Warkup. of Britain- and the 
Nchsscn - m 
after a protest 

nc books, 
jving a Lada, had 

line first al ,he 

im on Monday 
ishing the 2.841> 
&0-mtlcl race with 
points. Neli5sen 
I wilh 314 penally 
he Belgian then 
si over 10 penally 
id bis co-driver, 
re. received for 
ssing a checkpoint 

irlv not Ions after 

, Iasi Wednesday. 


mnsg© t&i&es n 

By Srikcmar Sen. Boxing Correspondent 

If Ihe hands ofTyrell Biggs, 
the Olympic super heavyweight 
gold medal winner can match 
Lou Duva. his manager's 
tongue, then the future world 
heavyweight chjmpion will be 
on "ihe Errol Chnsuc-Sean 
Mannion bill ai Alexandra 
Pavilion on Wednesday. 

There is no reason to think 
thai the New Jersey manager is 
just shooting his mouth oil. He 
has produced enough world 
champions io know a good 
prospect and his protege has 
reached sixth ranking in the 
World Boxing Association, 
-you are going "to see class." he 
said vesicrday. “You arc going 
to sec the fastest left j3b since 
Ali. He has si) le and finesse." 

“Tyrdl used to hop about like 
a ruptured flamingo, but George 
Benton, hts trainer, has done 3 

wonderful job. He «i|! fight 
Tvson in and win the titie. 
If will be like the Ah-Frazicr 
fights. Tyson can fight, cut 
T;. reft's hand speed will be too 
good. Fifihiers don't beat light- 
ers. styles beat fighters. Tyrcl! 
has ihe style to beat Tyson. 

Du'-a paused for breath. He 
needed it. The 6fi am Philadel- 
phian. who has won all his 11 
contests, seven inside the dis- 
tance. seised his opcnins with 
ihe kind of speed you might 
expect from a man with last 
hands. "I'm sure some or you 
lhink I'm illiterate. I'm not. 1 
just rely on m- relieves and 
relieves separate the good from 
the great. 1 wjnt to go bae- to 
the day s of Louis and Marciano 
and mix ihe old school with the 
modern." Biggs, who had a 
distinguished araaiudr career 

suiicred r*o defeats against 
i .•ofiho^Sw- vnson. the great 
Cuban. The first time he sus- 
tain ,-d cn nbs. then lost on 

a ” The second time 
Veve.ivjR b.vii me ] wore 
glav.-s :o ihe film and still 
couldn't see now he beat me." 

P u '*» puts rsis success down 
to keeping tab? on (he amateurs. 

Duva also manages four other 
gold m-.-jal winners from the 
Lus Migclcs Giympics. Evandcr 
'Holy field, the W£»A enjiser- 
we:ehi rhampion. Mark Bre- 
land. ihe hnlliary. world No 2 

vyelicrwcigm. often likened to 
SUgjr Ray Robinsun. and the 

|WU lightweights Pemell Whi- 
taker and MelJnck Ta-.for. rc- 
Rfo-'d i»> have the fastest hands 
in ihe world He sill be brinamu 
them to Bnum for Frank 
YVarrer.'s shc-.v s. 


Crusader tests out new keel 
for second round robin 

White Crusader is back in the 
water after a week in the 
Challenge workshops having a 
new keel fitted. Today she 
begins a five-day work-up prior 
to the start of the second round 
robin on Sunday. 

According to technical direc- 
tor. Philip Crebbins. the yacht 
was in rather too much of a 
“dog-fight mode” during the fast 
series. The syndicate anticipated 
a great many more lacking duels 
and pre-start battles than ac- 
tually took place. Long, high- 
speed tacks predominated, and 
White Crusader was set up for 

Harold Cudmore, the 
skipper.and Eddie Warden 
Owen, the navigator, are back 
from a trip to Adelaide to see the 
grand prix. Their task now is to 
see the yacht optimised for the 
heavy air -in excess of 20 
knots is anticipated for the 
November series. The new keel 
will have been designed in that 

The second, radical 12-metre 
has been re-named White Horse 
Challenge. But speculation that 
she would be used to lake VIPs 
out to the race course is ground- 
less. “We're still trying tilings 
out on her. and if they work we 
put them on Crusader”, said 
operations director, Andrew 
Spedding. "There's no way we 
have abandoned her”. 

. Just who the British team sail 
agai nsi in the next round, and in 
what order, remains in doubt. 
iThey should begin with French 
Kiss, followed by Azzurra and 
then Heart of America. Bui 
Courageous has dropped out of 
fthe competition, leaving 1J 
.holes in the draw pattern. 

Undercurrent sailing instruc- 
tions. a yacht due to race 
•Courageous still has to start if it 
wants to score the points. A 
meeting of challengers at the 

From Keith Wheatley, Perth 

Yacht Club Costa Smeralda on 
Thursday may choose to amend 
this. But any further drop-outs 
could necessitate a new draw. 

Eagle Syndicate, from New- 
port Beach, California, has in- 
dicated informally to the regatta 
authorities that they may with- 
draw. They are short of money 
and the yacht, designed by 
Johann Valentjin, has proved 
uncompetitive. The syndicate 
has declined to comment of- 
ficially, saying only that they 
will make a statement today on 
their future plans. Rod Davis, 
the skipper, is highly regarded 
amongst his peers, but is known 
to be unhappy with the boat- In 
the Australian series the Kooka- 
burras continue to dominate. 
Alan Bond's second yacbt, 
Australia III. looks increasingly 
like history as that series draws 
to a close. 

Australia III broke a running 
backstay just before her start 
against stabfemate, Australia 
IV. Any chance of redemption 
in this series for the older Bond 
boat vanished as she crossed the 
start line Imin 37sec adrift It 
looked as if Australia IV skip- 
per. Colin BeasheL waited for 
the opposition. Certainly bis 
yacht didn't tear up the first beat 
into the 1 8-knot south westerly 

At the top mark, Gordon 
Lucas at the wheel of Australia 
111. had made up a startling 49 
seconds, to turn the buoy just 48 
seconds behind. On the next five 
legs the lead did not change, but 
fluctuated by up to 12 seconds. 
Australia III didn't seem to have 
the pace to match her remark- 
able first leg feat 

On the final beat Australia IV, 
watched by Ben Lexcen and 
Alan Bond, seemed to change up 
a gear and increased her lead to 
gain a minute and finish exactly 
2min 1 7 sec ahead of the current 

world champion 1 2-metre. 

What is to be done with 
Australia III? The official syn- 
dicate position is that she just 
needs to be sailed better and 
have a little more luck with 
gear — this time last week ber 
mainsheet winch blew up just 
prior to a race. Yet over the 
weekend Ben Lexcen. not al- 
ways one to toe the party line, 
indicated keel and hull surgery 

If she loses today against 
Kookaburra 13, which form 
indicates as likely, then Austra- 
lia ffl will finish the series with 
exactly half the points of her 
senior sister. In practical terms 
that would turn the Bond camp 
into a one-boat campaign, 
something they are unlikely to 
just grin and bear. 

Both Kookaburras, with the 
two skippers on their usual 
boats, won easily against South 
Australia and Sydney Sieak’n' 
Kidney. The latter boat seemed 
to contain her race against 
Kookaburra 11 and the exu- 
berant Peter Gilmour very well. 
The losing margin was only 
2min 33sec. 

For South Australia it was 
another day of slaughter on 
Gage Road. Each kg saw Iain 
Murray pile another minute on 
the lead, like fogs on a Christ- 
mas fire. But unlike Santa, 
Murray doesn't hand oul 
presents. The Adelaide team lost 
by over six minutes. 

RESULTS: Anwfcu's Cop (Mcndar 
trial*: (mmn f«a day. sutteef to protest): 
Australia IV M Australia QL 2mtn 1788c 
Kookaburra N bt Sidney Steak V Kldrwy 
by 233; Kookaburra III bt South Austntfa. 


Kookaburra fU _ 

Australia (V 

Kookaburra H — 

Australia III 

South Australia . 
Steak 'rV Kidney . 

bn Lost Pta 

8 1 8 

7 2.7 

6 3 6 

4 5 4 

2 7 Z 

0 9 0 

Martin leads trail of debris 

With one yacht Iosl three 
involved in collisions, another 
dismasted, two more now limp- 
ing towards Rio with broken 
rigging after being rolled over in 
high seas, and a serious groin 
injury sustained by one solo 
circumnavigator, the first 7.100- 
mile stage of the BOC 
Singlehanded Round Lhe World 
Race has proved something of a 
destruction derby for the 25 
competitors that set out from 
Newport Rhode Island at the 
end of August 

Eighteen have now reached 
Capet Dun. led by the John 
Martin, aged 30. from South 
Africa, whose 60-foot local 
>acht. Tuna Marine 
Voorurckker. holds a 15-hour 
lead over French favourite. 
Credit Agricale three, sailed by 
Philippe JeamoL who won the 
previous BOC classic four years 
ago. Almost all have dramatic 
tales to tell of tom sails, self- 
steering breakdowns, near 
misses and frustrating weather. 

The first damage was sus- 
tained even before the start 
when French anisL Tilouan 
Lamazou. forgot to disengage 
the electronic self-steering 
equipment on his Class one 

By Barry PickthaU 

yacht. Ecureuil cfAquitaine, 
which then ran out of control 
ramming Warren Luhrs' Ameri- 
can entry. Thursday's Child. 

The second collision occurred 
little more than 10 minutes after 
these lone sailors had crossed 
the line when five joyriders, who 
had stolen a boat to watch the 
start, were run down by John 
Martin's Tuna Marine as she led 
the fleet out into Rhode Island 

Three days later, John 
Biddlecombe. the Australian en- 
trant. suffered a severe groin 
injury after felling through the 
forward deck batch of his boat, 
ACI Crusader, and as he was 
making towards Bermuda and 
urgent medical treatment. Dick 
Cross ran into a waterlogged 
cargo container which sent his 
boat to the bottom. 

The next casualty was Dick 
McBride, of New Zealand After 
crossing the equator. Mac 
Smith, the American sailor, was 
the next to go down, his 44 foot 
boaL Quaifo. being rolled over 
twice in 60 knot winds on 
October I. 

Others who have made it to 
Capetown in one piece have 
equally hair raising stories to 

tell. The third-placed finisher, 
Guy Bernard in, climbed up on 
deck to find bis boat. Biscuits 
Lu, heading straight for a bask- 
■ing whale and London-born 
John Hughes, sailing Joseph 
Young under the Canadian flag 
came within six feet of hitting a 
semi-submerged cargo con- 
tainer. Pentti Salmi, the Finnish 
entrant came dose to losing his 
boat from within when a fire 
broke out in the engine room, 
destroying all the efeewmics on 
board. By comparison, Harry 
Mitchell, of Britain, sailing 
Double Cross, has had a rel- 
atively easy crossing so for but 
with 1,000 miles still to cover 
before reaching Capetown, he is 
not taking any chances and does 
not expect to reach this first 
stop-over for another week at 

As the protest committee 
prepare to listen today to 
charges of motoring laid against 
Czech competitor, Richard 
Konkolski. others are girding 
themselves lor what many ex- 
pea to be the hardest part of this 
voyage — down through the 
Roaring Forties and Screaming 
Fifties to Sydney. Australia 
starting on November 15. 


Bears can still roar when it matters 

The Chicago Bears have not 
breezed pasi opponents with the 
same ease they displayed en 
route to iheir win in the Super 
Bowl last season, but they have 
produced crucial plavsthat have 
enahled them to remain a dom- 
inant force in the Nauonal 
Football League. The line- 
backer. Wilber Marshall, pro- 
vided just such a play to drive 
ihe Bears io a 1 3-7 victory over 
Detroit Lions on Sunday. 

Marshall, who was chastised 
b> the coach. Mike Dilka. for his 
performance in Chicago's 23-7 
defeat by Minnesota in their 
previous game, responded by 
recovering a fumble and return- 
ing it 12 yards for a critical 
louchdow n. 

The Bears' quarterback. Jim 
McMahon, who had missed the 
game against Minnesota bo 

By Robert Kirley 

cause of a shoulder injury, 
returned to action but had a 
poor outing. He completed 17of 
24 passes for 141 yards and two 
intercept ions, and lost one fum- 
ble. The Bears’ offence splut- 
tered for the third week in a row, 

Denver Broncos who. like the 
Bears are considered to be on 
track for the Super Bowl at the 
midway point of the season, 
heal the Seattle Sea vf hawks 20- 
13- John Elway, formerly a 
minor-league professional base- 
ball player, passed for 321 yards 
and a 34-yard touchdown to 
Vance Johnson with 10:34 
remaining in the game at Mile 
High Stadium. 

Al -Vnaheim. California. Eric 
Dickerson rushed for 1 70 yards 
and threw' a 15-yard touchdown 
pass to lead the Los Angeles 
Rants to a 14-7 win over the 

Atlanta Falcons, and in Irving, 
Texas. Herschel Walker rushed 
for 120 yards and scored two 
touchdowns to lead the Cow- 
boys past the St Lotos Cardinals 

Al Toon, the NFL’s leading 
receiver, caught three touch- 
down passes, including a 62- 
yaitier in which he broke four 
tackles, to cany the New York 
Jets to a 28-23 win against the 
New Orleans Saints for their 
sixth consecutive victory. At 
Houston. Los Angeles Raiders 
won their fifth consecutive 

g me in a 28-17 win against the 
Hers. Wilson completed (6 of 
34 passes for 230 yards, and ui 
their best performance of the 
season, the Steeters surprised 
the Cincinnati Bengals 30-9 

Results and tables* page 39 


with home ® 

By David Hands 
Rugby Correspondent 

Old Reigatians. only the sec- 
ond old boys side to reach the 
third round of the John Player 
S penal Cup. were reworded 
with a home tie against baracens 
— the only surviving junior club 
to do so after Alan GnmsdeiL 
president of the Rugby Football 
Union, had completed the draw 
at Twickenham yesterday. 

Worthing and Paviors plav 
exiles teams, London Scottish 
and London Welsh respectively, 
while Reading must travel to 
Coventry. Whether one should 
include Lichfield in the junior 
category 1 is open it* doubt 
(among their victims this season 
are Northampton) but they 
journey to St Helens where they 
play one of the season's success 
stories, the merged Liverpool/St 
Helens club. 

No one mate h stands out 
particularly from the others in 
the third round, though there 
will be some neighbourly con- 
flict between Sale and Orrell. 

Bath, the cup holders three 
times over, are al home to 
Plymouth .Albion and Wasps, 
last season's beaten finalists, 
play Rugby, whose revival this 
season was maintained al the 
weekend al the expense of 1 

Reigatians are already well 
primed about Saracens. Lyn 
Rye, their coach, organized a 
video of Saracens' game against 
Exeter earlier this month, so as 
to assess his club's prospects 
against the West Countrymen. 
Having now beaten Exeter, 
Reigatians can run the film 
again to look at Saracens' 
strengths and weaknesses; both - 
dubs play on an open ground 

Third-round draw 

Bath v Plymouth Albion, Bristol v Bed- 

ford, Coventry v Readtag. GeslWth v 
Waterloo. Lydeey v Nottingham, 
Liverpool/Sl Helena v Lichfield. London 
Irish v Ric hm ond. London Scottish v 

Worthing, London Welsh * Pavtora, 

Moseley vVale of Usw, Old Rmgatianav 

Saracons. Rosahm Pert v Leicester, 
Rugby « Wasps, Sate * Onefl. Wakefield 
v Iteriequirei, West Hartlepocd v Glouces- 

ter. Matches to be pta*od on January 24. 

and Flye’s main worry is the 
sheer size of their opponents. 

The three-month interval will 
also give Saracens a chance of 
John Buckton. their centre, 
recovering from a back injury, 
which would make a difference 
to the quality of their back play 

Worthing are by no means 
distressed at having to travel to 
Richmond to play the Scottish. 

They accept, as do all the junior 
dufais involved, that whatever 
happens now will be a bonus to 
their season and they are happy 
to play at a traditional first-class 
venue against, it may be said, a 
side that has not been going well 
thus fer. The Scottish were well J w 
beaten at Bristol last Saturday a 
and though they may improve 
over the next three months — . 
and have been historically awk-.. 
ward cup opponents — Wor- 
thing will not travel without 
hope. “It saves us the trouble of 
putting up temporary stands 
and so on,” Mike Spemng, their 
chairman, said- “It will be just-' 
tike travelling the normal dis-.' 
lance for a fixture so there will 
be no problems if the weather is 
a bit doubtful.” Worthing have 
already earmarked the money 
they will get from the 
competition's sponsors; they, 
would like to buy a scrummag- 
ing machine although St Ives,, 
their beaten opponents at the 
weekend, may contend they 
have no outstanding need of 

Of past cup winners, Leices- 
ter, successful between 1979 and. 

1981. travel to Rosslyn Park on 
a date which used to be iheir 
customary fixture before it was 
virtually discontinued because 
of Leicester's consistent cup' 
success from 1978 onwards. 
Gosfonh, winners in 1976 and- 
1977, play old northern rivals in'J 
Waterloo, and Gloucester — ■ - 
who won the inaugural knock- ^ 
out competition and were" 
successful again in 1978 and- 
1982 — fecc a difficult task at 
West HartlepooL Nottingham.-^ 
now the only unbeaten firsi-;; 
class side in England, travel toU 
Lydney where they will get a- 
warm Forest of Dean welcome. 

Matthews has 
made deep 

By George Ace 

The Ulster selectors name the 
team toaiehl to meet Connacht 
al Raven bill, Belfast, on Nov- 
ember 9. The meeting should be 
brief and the changes minimal - 
after the convincing 17-6 win ■ 
over Munster in Cork at the' 

Matthews, who withdrew 
against Munster with an Achil- 
les tendon injury, is expected to 
be fit and will return to the tack 
row. He was No. 8 against 
Munster, but Morrow, from 
Bangor, his replacement, was so- 
impressive tbat he has probably 
made that slot his own for the 
rest of the season. Morrow 
outplayed Gibson, his opposite 
oumber and Ireland's No. S on 
Saturday in Dublin against 
Romania, and has almost cer- 
tainly pushed Duncan to a seat 
on the bench, with Matthews 
claiming the No. 6 jersey. 

It is difficult to visualize any 
changes behind the scrum, 
though the name of Hardinson 
will be bandied around when the 
centres are discussed, but the 
talented Malone player may 
have to wait a little longer. 

Munster, who meet Leinster, 
41-6 victors over Connacht in 
Galway, in Dublin also on 
Saturday week have a few 
problems to solve. The scrum 
was decidedly second best to 
ulster. Leinster scored 22 of 
their points against hapless Con- 
nacht in the last 10 minutes, but 
they will almost certainly have 
CFDnscoll and Fitzgerald back 
after injury to stiffen forward 














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NatiOTal Afhca " 

Nelson MandS^i,^ "SS of 
surprisinsjv an L ^ perhaps 
organisatmn ° id ’ e ^blisfaed 

foundi in ? 9 ,2 t bee -° 

Among those MkiZ 2“£ 

GwSS^H^ B l sh01 * Tutu, Sir 
dfm Ho r* Zambian presi- 

Tre or Father 

ManSI., "Uddlestone, Winnie 

Tamhn 3, ANC president Oliver 
2“, and Anglo-American 
wS??.H l,0n , chief ^vin Reilly. 

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(~ CHOICE ) 

(BB Cl, 2 pm), a film whose lively 

• Welcome back to the original. 

and still the funniest, of the soap 
send-ups, SOAP (C4, 11,45pm). 
After a 20-month absence, we can 
at last find out what has happened 
to scatty Jessica Tate (Katherine 
Helraond) and her revolutionary 
guerilla lover. El PuercoMo her 
brother-in-law, Sheriff Bun 
Campbell (the magnificently 
manic Richard Mulligan), who 
had been photographed in a 
compromising position; to her 
sister Mary, who is wondering 
whether her new baby is really her 
baby or an alien clone; to her 
nephew Chuck and his puppet 
alter-ego. Bob; and to all the rest of . 
her eccentric tribe. 

• For exuberant escapism in the 
afternoon, try the Leonard Bern- ’ 
stein musical. ON THE TOWN 

aness owes much to its loca? 
tion shooting in New York (a 
revolutionary idea in 1949, when 
musicals were frankly set-bound). 
The dancing talents of Gene Kelly, 
Vera-EUen and Ann Miller are 
well used by choreographer Je- 
rome Robins. Frank Sinatra 
sings with still-youthful charm. 

• A good night on radio, with an 
awkward choice to be made: -LA 
PESTE (Radio 3, 730pm) is a 
- worthwhile dramatization by Guy 
Meredith of Albert Camus' novel, 
arguably his greatest, about the 
devastation caused by an outbreak 
of plague in a French-AIgerian 
port. The deteriorating situation is 
observed through the eyes of the 
local doctor, a journalist and a 
mysterious seeker after peace. 
Ronald Pickup. John Shrapnel, 

Maurice Denham . and Alfred 
Burke bead a distinguished casL 

• Meanwhile, RODIN: THE 
dio 4. 830pm) is the Tuesday 
Feature: a portrait, compiled by 
Richard Mullen from letters and 
other contemporary sources, of 
the sculptor who appealed both to 
art critics (some of the time at 
least) and to the general public. 
Mullen calls him “the last great 
artist to have a truly popular 

.BRITAIN (BBC2, 430pm) cele- 
brates the magnificence or the 
I8th century in Palaces of Reason 
and Delight John Julius Norwich 
makes a grand tour of Blenheim, 
Houghton, West Wycombe Park 

Anne Campbell Dixon 

The Marquess of Chohnoudely in the grounds at Houghton: BBC 2, 430pm 






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6 00 Ceefax AM. 

WD Breakfast rrma . weather at 
6£5.7-25, 735, 835 and 835; 
regional news, weather and 
travel at 637, 737, 737 and 
o -2 f; and national and 
international raws at 730. 
q „ 8-00, 8 JO and SJ)07 

9.05 Star Paws. A 40 Minutes 
programme about the owners 
wno supply and train animals 
for commercials. (r)a45 
Advice Shop. A new series. 

5JD0 Newsround with Roger Finn. 
M0 Grange HR. Episode 
seven, (r) (Ceefax) 

530 Mastertaant Quiz game for 
teams, presented by Angela 

6.00 News with fifichotas WitcheB 
and Frances Coverdaie. 

635 London Phis. 

7.00 TeHy Addicts. Two London 


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•.-.1.1 — - S 

Neighbours. A repeat of 
yesterday s first episode of the 
^ Australian-made soap. 

16-25 PhriJtp Schofield with news of 
children's programmes and 
birthday greetings. 1030 Play 
School (?) 1030 Henry’s Cat 
(r) 10.55 Five to Eleven. Dora 
Bryan with a thought for today. 

11.00 Vegetarian Kitchen. Sarah 
Brown with tasty vegetarian 
recipes, (r) 11.25 Open Air- 
Viewers' 'phone-in comments 
on television programmes 
1235 Star Memories. Nick 


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favourite moments 
Regional news and weather. 

1-00 News with Martyn Lewis. 

1.25 Neighbours. Australian-made 
soap set in a Melbourne 
suburb 130 Stop-Go. (r) 

2.00 Film: On the Town (1949) 
starring Gene Kelly, Frank 
Sinatra, and Jules M unshin. 
Musical romance about a day 
in the life of three sailors on 
leave in New York. With Vera- 
EUen, Betty Garrett and Ann 
Miller. Directed by Gene Kelly 
and Stanley Donen. 335 
Coming Up. A preview of 
future films and series. 

330 Jhnbo and the Jet Set (rt 4.00 
The ChucJctehounds. (r) 435 
Captain Caveman, (r) 4.15 
Beat the Teacher. Paul Jones 
presents another round of the 
teachers versus pupHs quiz 
game. 430 Record Breakers 
presented by Roy Castle. 

families, the Wooduffs and the 
Leckys, in a test of television 
tram me knowledge. 
tEnder*. Angle pays a 
return vis: to her psychiatrist 
and makes a confession: and 
Pets is feeling tow about his 
money troubles and the 
aggravation from (its ex-wife. 

No Place UceBome. 

Domestic comedy series 
starring WTIBam Gaunt and 
Patricia Garwood. (Ceefax) 
830 Yas, Prime Ptotistwv Jim Is h a 
moral dilemma when his Health 
Minister presents hbn with a 

S boflsh smoking. 


th Julia SomervHe and 
Andrew Harvey. R^icinal 
news and weather. 

630 Big DeaL When Jan discovers 
that Rototoy is planning another 
poker game with a visiting 
American, she turns down his 
proposal of marriage. (Ceefax) 
1030 Women of the Year, 

introduced by Sue Cook. 


Highlights of the awards 
luncheon at the Savoy Hofei, in 
the presence of Princess 
Diana. The guest speakers are 
Kate Atfle and Toyah WBicox. 

1030 FBm 86. Barry Norman reviews 

Murphy's Law, starring 


Charles Bronson, ar 
Was Then. This is Now. 
starring Martin Sheen's son, 
Emilio Estevez. 

1130 The Money Makers. A profile 
of Robert Anderson, the 
biggest private landowner in 
thellnitBd States, head of the 

seventh biggest oil com 

and the tenth biggest 
corporation, (r) 

1130 Weather - 

.4% HR •*» 

MMf *1^1' i *« 

Annie Lambert as Stephanie Arnold, Raymond Gould’s colleague In 
chambers, in First Among Equals (TTV, 9.00pm) 

BBC 2 


9LO0 Ghartwr. Parveen Mlrza chairs 
a discussion on the importance 
of mother-tongue teaching. 

935 Ceefax. 

S35 DaythneonlWoithestartofa 
school year in Austria 932 
Working drawings 10.15 A 
serial about a gin who 
befriends a badger 1038 

935 Thames news headlines. 

930 Schools: physics - racBoactvity 
935 Children tatk about truth 
and Ues 1039 How a bGnd 

O man communicates 
Politics - local decisions 
and national decisions 1038 

Solving probterraby^ 

observation 11.00 Animats and 
fauna that depend on frees 
11.17 The uses made of 
Afferent types of wood. 

11.40 Wbndermaths 1137 

Geography: river channel 
forms 11.10 Music from Ghana 
1137 The Importance of eating 
sensibly 11.44 An introduction 

Mathwrratical investigattons 
Its 12.40" 

12-18 Maths counts T2 j 40 The 
role of members of Partiamem 
1.05 Yesterday's news in 
French 138 Reading books 
2.00 For four- and five-year 

2.15 Smalt World. The skfll of Denis 
HHiman, one of the best 
miniature furniture-makers in 
the world, (r) 235 Songs of 
Pratoe from Belmont 
Presbyterian Church, East 
Belfast (H (Ceefax) 3.00 An 
Extraonanafy Joe. A profile of 
mountain cimber, Joe Brown. 

‘ (r) 335 Regional news and 

to the writing of Betsy Byars. 

1230 Tickle on the Turn, viflage 
tales for chfidren. (r) 12.10 
Rainbow, with guest, the oefflst 
Elizabeth Andrews, (r) 1230 
The SuiBvans. 

130 News at One with Leonairf 
Parkin 130 Thames news 
presented by Robin Houston 
130 Mr Palfrey of 
We stm i nste r. The Whitehall 
investigator Is asked to find out 
why an American space 
engineer has flown to London. 
Starring Alec McCowaru (r) 

430 Favourite Things. Phil Drabble 
introduces Roy Plomley to Ns 
favourite things, (i) 430 
Treastae Houses ot Britain. 
Lord Norwich visits West 

Wycombe House; Syon House; 

i; Houghton 

Broughton House; 

>uanton Hi 

Hall; BowhflLand Drurnfanrig 


530 Schools Prom. The first of a 
new series, introduced by Ray 
Moore. Featuring foe 
Mountbatten School Concert 
Choir, the Southampton Youth 
Orchestra, Bournemouth 
School for Girts' Flute Trio, and 
the Torquay Grammar School 
for Girts’ Senior Choir. 

630 No Limits. Videos and the top 
forty sounds. 

630 Personal View. Life as seen 
through the eyes of Victoria 
Woo a.(r) 

230 Daytime. When a woman 
marries does she also marry 
her husband's Job? Sarah 
Kermdy chairs a discussion. 
Among those taking part are 
Harriet Harman MP and her 
husband; Hugh Dykes MP and 
his wHe; Jim Bowen and Ms 
wife Phyllis; Gay Murphy of the 
Diplomat Service Wives 
Association; and servicemen's 

330 Three Lktle Words. The first of 
a new quiz series for couples, 
presented by Ray Alan 335 
Thames news headlines 330 
The Young Doctors. Medical 
drama serial set in a large 
Australian city hoKjItaL 

by Andrew Gardner and John 

635 Reporting London. Education 
leaders in the London Borough 
of Brent. Including Dr Kuba 
Assegai, discuss the 
controversial attitudes to 
education adopted in the 
borough, with all their 
repercussions. Plus, teenage 

7.00 Emmerdale Farm. The break- 
up of the Merncks' marriage 
has reached the point of no 

7.30 George and MMred. George 
complains that the dog is 
better treated then himself, (r) 

830 Des O'Connor Tonight Live. 
Among the entertainer's 
guests are Tony Bennett, 
Edward Woodward, and. 
Michael Barrymore. 

9.00 First Among Equals. Episode 
five of the drama serial based 
on the best selling novel by 
Jeffrey Archer. (Oracle) 

1030 News at Ten with Alastair 
Burnet and Carol Barnes. 
Weather followed by Thames 
news headlines. 

1030 Spear of the Nation. A 

documentary history of the 
African National Congress. 

1130 Hammer House of Mystery 
and Suspense: A Distant 
Scream. An old man, 
imprisoned for a murder he did 
not commit returns to his past 
In dreams to search for the 
truth. Starring David 
Carradine. (r) 

1235 Night Thoughts. 

430 The Giddy Game Show 4.10 
; Tree Door. Cartoon 

7.15 Under SelL This final 
programme of the series 
- features the- Brita Lath, a 
.. sailing vessel, savedfrom a . 
rotting end by a Danish sailing 

The Trap 

adventures set in a spooky 
castle 430 OA.B. Episode six 
of the drama serial 4.45Spiash 
discovers the origins of 'trick 
or treat?' 

5.15 Blockbusters. General 
knowledge quiz game tar 
teenagers, presented by Bob 

5.45 News with Alastair Stewart 
6.00 Thames news presented 


6.15 Good Morning Britain 

presented by Anneka Rice and 
Mike Morris. News with Geoff 
Meade at 630, 730, 730, 830, 
830 and 9.00; financial news at 
635; sport at 630 and 730; 
exercises at 635; cartoon at 
735; pop music at 735; and 
Jera Barnett's postbag at 835. 
935 Wacaday, presented by 
Timmy Mallett. 

• -V* :-?a3p ■ 

735 Issues of Law. The sixth and 
final programme in the series 
on the current state of English 
tow examines law reform. 

830 Floyd on Food. Keith Floyd 
samples the culinary defights 
: of Jersey. . 

830 Top Gear, introduced by 

WdGam Wool lard. Chris Goffey 
previews the International Bike 
Show; Frank Page talks to a 
Morris Minor 'surgeon'; and 
there is news of a steam car. 

930 The El 

Lee Rem 

'uropeans (1979) starring 
emick, Robin Bus, and 

Lisa Echhom. Henry James' 

story of an impoverished 
barormess and her brother 
who visit their wealthy 
American cousins they have 
never met with the totention of 


financial state. 

James Ivory. 

1030 Newantght 11.15 Weather. 

Martin Sheen and Mario Thomas in the American film drama 
Consenting Adult ( Channel 4, 9.00pm) 


230 FBdk The Navigator (1924) 
starring BusterKeaton in a 
silent comedy as a millionaire 
who finds himself adrift with 
Ms fiancee on an otherwise 
deserted ocean liner. With 
Kathryn McGuire. Directed by 
Buster Keaton and Donald 

335 AU Hands* A wartime 

propaganda film about careless 
talk, featuring John Mills. 

335 10 MBBon. Consumer affairs 
series for the over-fiOs. The 
items include a report on the 
high cost of funerals; an 
investigation into an electrical 
service which claims to relieve 
pain; is it the railways or the 
coaches which provide a better 
service for the elderly?; and 
what are British Telecom doing 
to* its older customers? (Oracle) 
430 Countdown. The reigning 
champion ischaUenged by 
Patrick Redmond, a work 
study officer from Derbyshire. 
530 Bewitched. Comedy series 
about a sorceress and her 
witch daughter. 

530 AH Stitched Up. Part two of the 

needlework series.^^Qrade) 

630 World Series Basebal 

final game in the best-of-seven 
series between the Boston 
Red Sox and the New York 

7.00 Channel 4 News with Trevor 
McDonald and Nicholas Owen, 
indudes a report on how the 
Government is reacting to 
Britain's housing crisis by 
encouraging private landlords 
to provide more 

730 Comment from Margaret 
Roberts, an ex-prisoner. 

830 Brookslde. Heather discovers 
Nick high on heroin; and Tracy 
causes more tensions in the 
Corkhill household when she 
asks for more money to pursue 
her modelling career. 

830 4 What tfs Worth. David 
Stafford reports on dubious 
advioe given by the new wave 
of money shops; is the 
deregulated bus services 
throughout the country the 
answer to oommuters r 
prayers? Bffl Bracken report s ; 
and John Stone borough 
comes to the defence of fifty 


Fifoc ConsentiM Adult (1 984) 
starring Martin Sheen and 
Mario Thomas. A drama about 

Mario Thomas. A drama about 
the effect on a 'normal' family 
when the only son announces 
he is a homosexuaL Directed 
by Gilbert Cates. 

1030 It Takes a Worried Man. 

Comedy about a mkldle-eged 
man coming to terms with a 
dead-end job and the break-up 
of his marriage. Written by and 
starring Peter Til bury. (r)_ 

1130 Too Close for Comfort Ted 
Knight stars as the harassed, 
over-protective father of two 
attractive daughters. 

1135 Soap. A return of the priceless 
comedy series about the Tate 

and the Camgbell families. 

Ends at 12.11 

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BBP1 WALES 5J5pw-400 Wales To- 
■ HBSr l day. 8J15-7 00 Computer Cha Benge 
aao-Kun mtk in weak Out iaoe-to.50 

Big Owl 11J20-113) WOmun oMne Year 
Lunch. 11-50.13.20am Tha Money Makar* 
12JO-12-2S Km and »M*«tvsr SCOTLAND 
&45MI-9.5S Dataman a55-l0i« Scottish 
Naurs SJ5pm-7J0 Rapomnfl Scotund 400- 

430 Cay Lighis MD-U0 No Ptoca Lfca 

..... . JRN IAELANO 5J5pcn-S.40 
Today s Spon 5404.00 Inside tester 
6JS-74M Masterium 11 JSO-11^5 News and 
weather ENGLAND 6J5pm-7.00 Regional 
news magazines. 

CHANNEL A* London except 
vrotHWC L tajapm-1.00 Unk 1 JO 

News 1J0^30 Country Prachcs 100- 
3J0 Questions S.1 5-5-45 Sons & Daughten 
6.00 cnannaf Rapon &35-7X0 Cross- 
roads IIJO Entrepreneur 12.00 Ja^x izaOem 

TVS As London except 1Z30pm-1X0 
Link 14M News 1 JO Action 1J5-Z30 

11J0 Entrepreneur i2J)0Jasz 12J0am Com- 
pany, CtosWOwa 

HTV WEST ^ London except 
- co 1 U0pm-l-30 News 6JI0 

News 6 J5-7.00 Crossioaos 11 JO World 
bito image l2J0am Closedown. 

HTV WALES As htv we« «- 

■■ 1 v cept 6-OOpm-SJS wales 


ANGLIA A? London ^ 

l2J0pm-1 JO Link 5.15-5.45 
6JM About Anglia 6 J5 
os 11 JO Who 

Emmerdale Farm 6J0 About _ 
Crossroads 7 J0-7 J0 Bygones 
Dares Wkis 12JQan Tuesday Tope. 

SCOTTISH As London except: 
1 ,on iaJ0pm-1 JO Unk 

1 JO News 3J0-4.00 Sons and Daughters 
5.1S-SJS Emmerdale Farm 6.00 Scotland To- 
dayfiJ5Crossroeos 7 JO-7 JO Take the 
High Road 11 JO wno Dares Wins l2J0aoi 
Late Cak T2J5 Soriey Maclean at 75. 

TSW As London except 1 2. 30pm- 1.00 

unk 1 JO-1 JO News 3J6-4.00 Sons 8 
Daughters 5.15 Gus HoneyOun SJO-S.^S 
Crossroads 6J0 Today South West 6J5 
Televiews SJ0 Tuesday View 7 JO- 7 JO 
Me » My Girl 1U0 Postscript 11J5 Falcon 
Oast 1231am Closedown. 


Time 1 JO-1 JO News 5.45-5-15 

Emmerdale Farm SJ0 Ncvth Torught 6JS 

Crossrosds 7.00-7 JO CeMh on I _ . 
dontan Canal 11 JO Who Dares Wins IZJOam 
News 12J5 Soriey Maclean at 75, 


CAT 1 11.10am Hwnt Ac Yma 11 JO Hyn 
J • O Fyd 11J0 IntBival 12J0 Fttm lira- 
cents In Pans 2J0 Countdown 2J0 Irish 

Angle 3J0 Heart ol the Dragon 4J0 ■ 
Flatabalam 4.15 Rebecca 4J0 Ha toe 5.00 

lam 4.15 Rebecca i 

Bewttshad 5JO Car 54. Where Are Too'* 5J0 
Basebal 7JONewyddion Sadh 7J0 Cefn 
Gwtad 8J0 Cbasmg Rainbows - A Nation and 
Its Music 9J0 Mlnaron 9.45 Sne Oared 
IOlOO Hie OrcItaaUa 10JO living vwthSchoD- 
phreniB 11.16 New Orleans Now 12.10am 

BORDER As London except 
BVnucn ijopm-lJONewsaJtMvOO 

Sons & Daughters 6J0 L00ks>ound6J0- 
TJOCroesroada lUOWnoOaresWms 
IZJOam Closedown. 

GRANADA A* London except 
unnnHuw i jopm-UPOnKsda Re- 

g rtsSJO-AJOSom&DsugbtarsftJO 
_ junda Roporis&£S i This 6 Your Right 6JO- 

7.00 Crossroads 11 JO Man in a StStoasa 
faJOmn Closedown. 

Time U0-1J0 News 6J5-7J0 News 
11J0 Sweeney tZ30em Job finder 1 JO 

Northern Life 6J5-7J0 Crossroads 11 JO 
Who Dares Wins IZJOem Wish Me Luck. 


Live 1JO-1J0 News &J0 Calendar 6J5- 
7J0 Crossroads ii JO Who Dares Wins 
12JOam-6JO Musu Box. 

Joanie Loves Chocf# 6J0 Good Evenno 

Ulster. Diary Dates 6J5-7 JO Crossn 

Vho Dares Wins iZJSem News. 

11 JO Who 

On mecHum wave. Stereo on 
VHF(see below). 

Nows on the half-hour from 
630am until 830pm then at 1030 

and 1230 midnight 

John. 730 Mfice 

530am Adrian, 

Smith's Breakfast Show. 930 
Simon Bates. 1230pm 
Newsbeat with Frank Partridge. 

1235 Gary Davies ind a run-' 
down of mis 

330 Steve Wright 530 
with Rank 

week's Top 40 singles. 

Newsbeat with 

535 Bruno Brookes Ind 630 a 
review of the new Top 40 singles. 
730 Janice Long. 10.00-1230 
Andy Kershaw. TOF Stereo Ractioa 
1 & 2. 430am As Radio 2. 

830pm Bob Hotness Presents 
(continued). 1030 As Radio 1. 
12.OO-4.0Oam As Radio 2. 

On meefium wave. Stereo on ■ 


430am CoTm Berry. 530 Ray 
Moore. 730 Derek Jameson. 930 
Ken Bruce. 1130 Jimmy Young 
l.05pro David Jacobs. 230 Gloria 
HunnHord. 330 David Kamaton. 
5.05 John Duna 730 Bob Holness 
Presents— The BBC Radio 
Orchestra (continued on VHF)- 830 
Soccer SpedaL 930 Joins VHF. 
1030 Inman and Friends with John 
Inman. Special guest Ruth 
Madoc. 1030 Listen to Lbs say Los 
Dawson. 1130 Brian Matthew. 
130am Richard Clegg 330-430 A 
Little Night Music. 

•Amoa-oBer. » s 

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630Neij«Isricftrn« 630) 730 Nwn73S 

Twen^kxr Hours 730 Success Stoty 
7 M ttotywric UK too News B3S 

tons 6,15 TreMng lor Tororrow 830 
Symphony for For 630 News 939 

Rwiew.of the British Press 9.15 The 


mm ?A. s £Hnris of the Sixties 

1030 Nma mot Doeovery 1030 The 

Betrothed 1130 News 1136 News About 

Pmai njl.15 Wtasmuidfr 11 J5 A Letter 

From Scotland 11 JO) 12JW Radto 

News* 12.1 6 Muttttrock 1 12^5 Sports 

Rorodup tOO News 138 Twenty-foi* 

Hoim U0 Network UK 1 AS RecatKof 

2*2J^ a i35“ Ou,,00k b» c™ 

330 Redta Newsraei 3.15 A Josy Good 

Show COO New. 436 ContnSy CIS 

‘ n », w « 1 d Today 530 
News 539 a Latter From Scoitend (until 

5.15) 830 News 639 ■rtwmyflwr^oura 
8J0r Omnibus 93d News B31 mtemetion- 
a eaid erw. 6.10 Book Choice S.» 

Cmcan HjiJ 1030 News 1039 The World 

Today 1035 A Letter Ftom Scotland 1030 
Rrandal News 1040 ReflactutG 1130 

, _ /OOFF 



Modem World 1130 It* 

when Rapon 

it aritsin 

2£S2 E55S ***** About 

I2j15 Redte Nflwsraef «J0 Omnibus 
130 New* 131 Outlook 130 Rajort on 

i 230 News 


23ff Review of tfw 'Bnuh Prais 2.16 


Sale now on. 

European Caban* Songs 2J0 The Be- 
mmad 330 News sS Nnvs About 

Brtm 3.15 The World Today 3J0 

Dtscowry 430 Notsdesk 4J0 Inteme- 

Mnti Qmtenws C40 Book Chokw SA5 
The World lOday.AJithmsfaCMT. 

635 Weather 730 News 
735 Morning Concert Vivakfi, 
Concerto hi D minor (RV 

540) Monica Himgett (viola 

d'amore) Jakob undberg 

« Duoifl6. Quatre motets 

m4goriens.Op10.wfth Mary 
Seers (soprano): Mozart, 

Trio me major (K 564) 
London Fortepiano Trio; 
Sibelius, Rakastava. Op 14, 
with Roy Gitiard (violin). 

8.00 News 

835 Morning Concert (cont). 
Boccherini, Symphony in 
B flat (G 514); d'tndy. 
Tableaux de voyage. Op 
36 (Loire PO under Pierre 
Dervaux); Rameau, 

Suite: Dardanua (Prologue 
and Act 3) English 
Baroqua SokTOte. 

930 News 

935 This Week's Composer; 
Mendelssohn. Scherzo 
(Octet Op 20) orches tra te d 
by the composer; String 
Quartet in A. Op 18 (Vienna 
Philharmonic Quintet); 
Caprice. Op 16 No 3, with 
Lydia Artymiw (piano); 
Overture: Calm Sea and 
Prosperous Voyage. Op 
27 (Vienna PO under 
Christoph von Dohnanyi. 
10.00 Telemann. Two cantatas 
and a sonata, with 
Patricia Rozario (soprano), 
Keith Marshall (oboe). 

Robert Bailey (ceflo), lan 



10.40 Bax. Symphony No 2. 

LPO under Myer 

1130 Philip Smith (piano). 

Nielsen, Chaconne; 

Liszt, Flicordanza; 

Beethoven. Variations 
and Fugue mE flat, one 
theme from Prometheus, 

Op 35. 

1235 BBC Walsh Symphony 
Orchestra, under Sir 
Charles Groves, with Gyorgy 
Pauk(vioUn). Part one: 
Tchaikovsky, Overture- 
fantasia: Romeo and 
Jufieu Bruch, Violin Concerto 
No 1 , in G minor. Op 26. 

130 News 

135 BBC Welsh SO. Parttwo: 
Elgar, Variations on an 
onginai theme. Op 36 

130 ifuttar Encores, with 
Vladimir Mikuika. 

2.10 Stravinsky and 
Schoenberg, Music 
mostly from their iate years. 

Stravinsky. Ebony 

Ronald Pickup: La peste, on 
Radio 3, 730pm 

Concerto: Variations (Aldous 
Huxley in memoriam); 

Ballet: Agon (Los Angeles 
— .230 Interval 

PO J.1 

reading. 235 Schoenberg, 
Veridarte Nacht; Dreimal 
Tausend Jahre; De 
jflindts; CgUo 

profundts: Ceflo 

Concerto (freely adapted 
from a Harpsichord 

Concerto by M. G. Monnk 
String Trio. 

4.15 Britten Performs Mozart 

Syrrx)hony No 41, in C (K 

jl) (Jupiter) EngBsh 
Chamber Orchestra, 
conducted by Britten. 

435 News 

5.00 Mainly tor Pleasure, 

630 Troubadors. Second of 
three programmes. 

Songs by Folquet da 
Maraeiha and Gukautde 

730 Schumann. Etudes 
symphonlques, Op 13, 
with Yofande wrigiay (piano). 

730 La Peste, by Albert 
Camus, dramatized by 
Guy Meredith. Cast indudes 
Ronald Pickup and Brian 

930 Bartok. The wooden 

Prince. BBC Symphony 
stra under David 

Orchestra under I 

1030 Dvorak. String Quartet in 

G, Op 77. played by the 

Bochmann Stnng Quartet). 
11.00 Joseph Silverstwn 

(violin) with Andrew Wolf 
(piano). Beethoven. Sonata 
In C minor. Op 30 No 2; 
Franck, Viohn Sonata in A. 
1137 News 

i— iww 

fti jo ngwave. (5) Stereo on VHF. 

living. 630 News Briefing; 
Weather. 6.10 Fanning 
Today. 635 Prayer for the 

. 830 Today ind. 630, 

730,830 News 
Summary. 635 Business 
News. 635, 735 
Weather. 730, 8.00 Today's 
News. 730 Your Letters. 
735, 835 Sport. 735 
Thought for the Day. 835 
Yesterday in Paifiament 
837 Weather. Travel. 

930 News. 

935 Tuesday Call: 01 -5 BO 
4411. Yow investments 
and the Big Bang revolution 
in the City. 

1030 News: From Our Own 
Correspondent. Life and 
politics abroad . . 

1030 Morning Story: Strangers 
at Mrs Evans's, by Mary 

10.45 Daily Service (S). 

1130 News; Travel: Tltirty- 
Mrnute Theatre: There's 
a Werewolf on the Landing, 
by Raymond FHzsimons. 

A boy with tuberculosis 
contrasts his fevered 
fantasies and his real fife. 

1133 The Living World. 

Michael Jordan talks to 
the Prime Minister of Norway 
about topics Uke add 

Dr Gro Harlem Brand (land: 
on Radio 4, II -33am, LW 

rain andwhatin 


1230 News: You andYmirs. 


Consumer advice. 

tal, Decant Honest 
and TruthfuL Comedy 
series set in an advertising 
agency, with Martin 

Jarvis and Christopher 

Godwin. (sL 1235 
Weather; Travel 
130 The World at One: News. 
1-40 The Archers. 135 


230 News: Woman's Hour. 

630 Top of the Form. 

730 News 

735 The Archers 

730 File on 4. 

830 Medicine Now. Geoff 
Watts reports on the 
health of medical care. 

830 The Tuesday Feature: 

Rodim The Truth From 
Within. Michael Bryant plays 
Auguste Rodin in a 
portrait of the sculptor 
complied from Rodin's 
letters and other 
contemporary sources. 

830 In Touch. News, views 
and information for 
people with a visual 

930 Near Myths. Reflections 
on Me in the Greek 

9-45 Kaleidoscope, includes 
the RSC tour. 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime. 

1039 Weather. 

includes the Women of 
the Year lunch. 

330 News; The Afternoon 
Play, The Dragon Bone 
Man, by Julia Stone ham. Set 
In a sirafl hid station to 
India in 1fll9(s).Cast 
includes Elizabeth Proud 
and Richard Durden 
4,00 News- 

435 Poet to Poet John Wain 
looks attiw parity of 

Arthur Hugh Cough (s) 

430 Kaleidoscope. Another 
chance to hear last 
night's edition (0 
530 Pm. News magazine. 

530 Shipping. 535 

630 The Six O'clock News; 

Financial Report 

1030 The World Tonight. 

cial World 

11.15 The Financial ' 


1130 Today in Parliament 
12.00 News, Weather. 1233 

VHF (available « England and 

S Wales only) as above 
except 535-fiX 

1.00am Weather. 
Travel 11.00-1230 For 

Schools; 1130 Time and Tuna 
(s). 1130 Time to Move. 

11.40 Radio GJub. 135- 
330pm For Schools: 1.55 

Listening Comer (s). 2.05 
History Gam Ago (si 235 
Contact. 230 Radio vision 
History of Britain. 530- 
535 F*M (continued). 1230- 

1.1 Oem Schools N»ght- 
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Horizons oe France. 

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motivated secretary seeking total involvement. 

The successful applicant will provide secretarial and 
administrative support to the Director and will manage his travel 
itineraries and diary arrangements. 

A fundamental aspect of this role will be to manage the highly 
complex interfaces both internal and external to the Marketing 
Function on a domestic and international basis. 

Initiative and excellent communication skills are required to 
succeed in this (pie. 

You must be an experienced secretary having worked for at 
least one year at Director level within a multi-national 
environment possessing excellent organisational, secretarial 
and word processing skills. 

Initially based in Central London the offices mil be relocating to 
Buckinghamshire in early 1987. 

In the first instance, please telephone or write to L.J. Associates 
at the address below. ref. w/ws 

Recruitment Spectafets 

l_ J Associates \ 

.•.• 7 , Euston House 

“ 81-103 Euston Street 

:.' f- London NW1 2ET. . 

1 > Tel: 01-333 5465.’ 


Executive Search and Selection Consultants 

Wvi'ww. aunmn. ruawir. cumou, tents. io»i*cw. •mwkstzx. uvctfni. wnnanwtiwvM 

PA To 

Managing Director 

Luxury Retail Company 

cM 3,000 pa, Comprehensive Benefits 

This is an excellent opportunity for a top flight PA to 
join an internationally renowned retail company based 
in central London. The organisation is enhancing its 
already prestigious market position and this role will 
develop well beyond the provision of a first class 
secretarial service and the usual concomitants. 
Candidates aged 25-40 should be well educated and 
highly presentable with the personality to mix at all 
levels' in the company and at occasional social functions. 
Several years director level experience with top level 
shorthand/typing and an orderly approach to 
administration are essential to fulfil the expectations of 
the demanding but charming Managing Director. 

Male or female candidates should submit in confidence 
a comprehensive CV or telephone for a Personal History 
Form to A. Garrod, Hoggett Bowers pic, 1/2 Hanover 
Street. LONDON, WlR 91VB, 01-734 6852, quoting 
Ref: 5000P T. 

Word Processing 
Seper visor 

We are looking for an experienced Supervisor to take 
control of the complete production of documents 
within our WP department: assuming responsibility for 
word processing, proofreading, photocopying, binding 
and telexes. 

Organising a staff of 12, you will be responsible for 
liaising with fee earners and ensuring the smooth 
running of the department, dealing with queries and 
planning for work to be swiftly and efficiently 
produced. Legal experience essential; Wang, 
experience preferred. 

Fairer and Co is a 28 partner firm situated conveniently 
close to Holbora Underground and just a few minutes' 
walk from Covent Garden. In addition to a competitive 
salary, benefits include a friendly-working 
environment, four weeks holidays. LVs, ST loan 
scheme, and Christmas bonus. 

Please apply in writing, with full personal and career 
details, to Jackie Hammond, the Personnel Manager, 
or telephone 01-242 2022 and ask for an application 




We are an expanding W2 firm of sofcitors and our Senior Partner is desperately 
seeking an eWcieni audio secretary. 

In addition to usual secretarial skills (ie good typing speeds, telex, etc|. we require 
somebody with common sense, who can work under pressure at times, who has 
the ability to deal with clients on the telephone, and who can generally organise our 
Senior Partner. We operate a Wang WP system, so WP knowledge Is essential. 
In reium for the above skills, we can otter you a salary of £10,000 p.a. (6 months 
review). 4 weeks holiday, yearly bonus, season ticket loan. L.V.'s and the chance to 
join our rivety team. 

interested? Then why not phone for immediate appointment 01-229 9181 ref: SA. 


To Chairman /Aianagicg Director 
To 121,000 

Required Tor International firm orArvniiwis in W-C— 
Excellent secretarial skills and word processing ex- 
perience essential. Responsible postion requinng well 
educated candidates with tact and ability to work well 
under pressure. Contact with clients, confidential 
board matters and substantial PA responsi Wines. Age 
approximately .28 to 35. 

Please write enclosing C.V. to; 

Miss Gill Reed 
Ground floor 
18 Stnkeley Street 


lor small inendiy smart oHkos. kings Cross Much dram 
contact, varied work and wsponsibihty. Excetom experience 
plus pleasing personality and appearance required. Age im- 
material. salary neg Out not less than £11.000 pa. 

Telephone 833 2351 

No Agencies 



The young, dynamic 
Personnel Director of 
this large international 
City company is looking 
lor a good organiser, 
who enjoys dealing with 
people, to assist non m 
the running oi his 

He is responsible for 
making personnel 
policies which aftect the 
whole organisation and 
wdl involve you totally in 
everything from liaising 
with the Chairman to 
personnel protkems. 

To make the most of this 
Opportunity you Should 
have the ability to handle 
an up-tronf position 
with tact, discretion and 
good humour. 

Age 25-35 Skills 100/60. 

City Office 


European Law Report Luxembou rg 

Missionary priest is self-employed 




■ 1 



Little Bang 
to £12,000 
+ profit share 

Away from the glare ol publicity surrounding 
the City, other superb opportunities exist 
within fast expanding, but unreported, 

A Chief Execulive with responsibility for over- 
seeing a Division of this national retailing 
group needs an experienced secretary aged 
25-30. with Hair and efficiency in addition to 
sensible s/h and good typing. Previous se- 
nior level experience is vital. Own 
correspondence, a busy schedule of meet- 
ings, extensive travel arrangements and 
overseeing the day to day running of an 
extremely busy office all contribute to a sat- 
isfying and well rewarded rale. 

For further information please contact 
Rosalie Preskett. 

■SOI -491 1868 S 

Marketing Assistani 

American Invasion 
£13,000 + Neg 

A major US bued company involved in Large 
^TXxonstruaion and consul onev projects is 
Sacking a marketing assistani to help spearhead 
their bunch into Europe. 

The job will entail identifying potential clients 
within a specialised market and mam taming an 
extensive and detailed data-base. You will also 
frequently be charred with the first and subsequent 
contacts with the client and providing a 
sophisti ca t e d PR and information support service. 

The successful applicant will have a logical mind 
with considerable reserves of determination, and an 
outgoing, polished personality to handle contact 
with diems and press. A comprehensive 
knowledge of key bonds/ retrieval systems' 
computers is also required as well as the ability to 
fit into an energetic and success-orientated 

Age indicator 23-35. Speeds 60wpm typing/WP. 

Please telephone 01-437 1564 

Mac B Iain 

& Associates Ltd 
01-437 1564 

Recruitment Consultants 130 Regent Street, 

London WlR 5FE" 

|mc45S Wa 41H31A & ADVERHSfNG 

I /// / PR START-UP 

V// / to £12,000 

/ / The Managing Director of a new 
/ City -based PR consultancy needs a PA 
/ who will want to grow with his company 
and enjoy setting up all of the systems from 
scratch. You will provide full secretarial 
support (100/60) as part of this challenging 
opportunity. Age: 224- 


£ 10,000 

Recently re-organised personnel department 
of top ad agency need a senior secretary to 
back-up the Personnel Director and Manager. 
High admin content Skills: 100/60 Age: 25-30 

492 8775 

Recruitment Consultants 

ALDGATE TO £10,000pa 

Mature person 25+ required to assist m administration 
of staff benefit schemes and to undertake secretarial 
back-up of department. Good typing speeds, knowledge 
of WP s wiltt 2-3 years administrative experience would 
prove ideal. Excellent fringe benefits including free res- 
taurant. STL etc. For further derails please telephone 
Ron Sear. S.H. Personnel Services on 01 491 7407. 
Evening £ weekend cafls welcome on 0376 62159. 


FmancHJ/Ciiy e wt ience eternal together wtn excellent presentation aid 
emenwee .n -Hirer level Skills 100/70 Age C5- 35 E>r nanus etc etc. 


Set. 'PA age 21+ lor American Banv The dcsi involves woruw lor 3 
Eieamws. peal aeal of cwm camao and HN adimn Stolls 100-65. A 
lewis. Cay ejpenence 

Tel: Fiona SmitD 430 1551/2653 




Super, mature, unflappable. Typing 50+. Good ap- 
pearance. "phone voice and manner for sundbi 
reception. Word processing experience and advan- 
tage. also car driving. More? Hard work, longer Uun 
9 to 5 with mad. but not maddening people in Covent 
Garden advertising research company. 

1 0k or more if you're a real possibility? 

Ring Rosemary' Jones an (01 1 831 1604. 





Van Roosmalen v Bestmur van 
de Bedrifjsveremging toot de 
CezondhekL, Geestelijke ea 
Maatschappelijke Betanga 

Case 300/84 

Before K_ Bahtmann. President 
of foe Second Chamber and 
Judges F. A. Schockweiler and 
O. Due 

Advocate General M. Dannon 
(Opinion April 23, 1 986) 
{Judgment October 23] 

A missionary priest who was 
supported by contributions 
from his parishioners was a self- 
employed person for the pur- 
poses of Community social 
security legislation. 

The plaintiff, a Netherlands 
national, was a Roman Catholic 
priest belonging to the 
Pre m o nstra lensian (Norbenine) 
Order. After studying in a 
Norbenine monastery in Bel- 
gium. he served Grom 1955 to 
1980 as a missionary in the 
Belgian Congo, now Zaire. 

Dining a period of leave in 
1977 he resided in the Nether- 
lands and registered as a vol- 
untary insured person under the 
Algemene Arbeidsongeschikt- 
heidswei (General law on in- 
capacity for work — AAW). 

Article 77 of that law au- 
thorized voluntary insurance 
contributions to be paid in 
respect of periods during which 
contributors would otherwise be 
uninsured if they were pursuing 
an activity in a State regarded as 
a developing country. Zaire was 
so regarded. 

Having become incapacitated 
for work in Zaire he returned in 
March 1981 to The Netherlands 
where, with effect from January 

that be had not been incapaci- 
tated for work In The Nether- 
lands for an uninterrupted 
period of 52 weeks within the 
meaning of the AAW. 

The plaintiff brought a it ac- 
tion for the annulment of that 
decision before the Raad van 
Beroep (Social Security Court), 
Utrecht, which referred a num- 
ber of questions to the Court of 
Justice of the European 
Communities for a prelirainary 

In its judgment the European 
Court of Justice held as follows: 

The national court had 
submitted a series of questions 
.related to the principal problem 
of whether a residence require- 
ment for the award of an 
invalidity benefit was, in the 
circumstances of the present 
case, compatible with Commu- 
nity law. 

persons and was therefore also 
to be broadly imerpreted- 

In the context of voluntary 
social insurance organizer! for 
employed or self-employed per- 
sons or For all residents in a 
member state, the concept of a 
“self-employed person” was 
characterized by the type of 
activity which a person carried 
out or had carried out and such 
activity had to be a professional 

However, , taking into consid- 
eration the requirement that 
that concept should be inter- 
preted broadly, it was not 
essential that the selfemployed 
person should receive 
remuneration as a direct reward 
for that activity; it was sufficient 
that he should receive, in the 
context of that activity, 
contributions which enabled 
him, in whole or m part, to meet 
his needs, even if those 

In order to deal with that contributions were provided, as 
point it was necessary first to in the present cvy . by third 
examine the definition of the parties who were die benefi- 
conceprs of “selfemployed claries of the service provided 
persons" and of “legislation” for by a missionary priest, 
the purposes of Council Regnia- with regard to the question 
lion No 1390/81 of May 12, whether article 2(4) of Regula- 
1981 extending to self-employed tion No 1390/81 was applicable 
persons and members of their to the refusal of a social security 
families and Regulation No institution to grant invalidity 
1408/71 on the application of benefit on the ground that the 

social security schemes to em- insured person had not pre- whole or in part, tc 

ployed persons and their fern- viously resided in the member their needs, eve 

ilies moving within the state concerned for a certain contributions were 

Community (OJ No L 143 of uninterrupted period, it was to third parties whe 

May 29, 1981). be observed that the object of beneficiaries of the 

In accordance with the estab- that paragraph was to enable vided by a missions 
lished case law of the Court, the persons felling within the scope 2 A national regular 
concept of an “employed of the regulation to receive security matters w 
person" was not a matter for the social security benefits the extended to parsons 
national laws of the member award of which had been re- or who had carried t 

lished case law of the Court, the 
concept of an “employed 
person" was not a matter for the 
national laws of the member 
states but for Community (aw 

suit when they transferred t heir 
residence from one member 
state to another. . . •■= 

As the Court had hdd m i» 
judgment of June 10, 1982,. 
Camera v ([1982] ECR 

22 1 3). that principle mea nt not 
only that the person concerned 
retains the right to receive 
pensions and benefits acquired 
under the legislation of one or 
more member states even after 
taking up residence in another 
member state, but also th at he 
may not be prevented from.: 
acquiring such a right merely 
because he does not reside in the 
territory of the State in which 
the institution responsible for- 
payment is situated"'. 

On those grounds, the Euro- 
pean Court (Second Chamber) 

1 The concept of~self-em ployed 
persons" for the purposes of 
article I (aXiv) of Regulation No 
1408/71 as amended by Regula- 
tion No 1390/8 1, was applicable 
to persons who carried out or 
who bad carried out pro- 
fessional ac ti vit ie s, other than 
under a contract of service or in 
the practice of a profession or 
the independent operation of an 
undertaking, in the context of 
which they received contribu- 
tions which enabled them, in 
whole or in part, to provide for 
their needs, even if such . 
contributions were provided by 
third parties who were the- 
beneficiaries of the service pro- 
vided by a missionary priest. 

2 A national regulation on social ' 
security matters whose effects 

extended to persons carrying out 

or who had carried out activities 

1982, the defendant (Board of and was to be ©yen a broad 
the Professional and Trade “J terpretation, having ngard to 
Association for Health, Spiritual purpose of article 5 1 of the 
and lUuaal Mattml awnntnl EEC Treaty wtuefa was IO 

the Professional and Trade 
Association for Health, Spiritual 
and Social Matters) awarded 
him benefits under the AAW 
which were calculated on the 
basis that the extent of his 
incapacity for work was 80 to 
100 per cenL 

However, having learned that 
the plaintiff had returned to the 
monastery in Belgium on a 
permanent basis the defendant 
suspended the payment of those 
benefits with effect from 

fused or suspended by reason of partially or wholly outside (he 
the nationality of the insured Community was to be regarded 

— am rtf tfi r~ ■ ri n n *ip HiunMAriAxt 1 HrHlnfl ttw* 

EEC Treaty wtuefa was to 
contribute to the free movement 
of migrant workers, a principle 
which was one of the founda- 
tions of the Community. 

Since Regulation No 1390/81 
had been adopted in furtherance 
of the same objective as that of 
Regulation No 1408/71, the 
concept of “self-employed 
persons" was intended to ensure 
that such persons had the same 

the nationality of the insured 
person or of his residence 
outside the member state 

as “legislation" within the 
meaning of article 2 of Regula- ' 
tion No 1408/71/ 

It followed that the fact of 3 Article 2(4) of Regulation No 
being resident in another mem- 1390/81 was applicable to tire 

her state was assimilated to the 
feet of being resident in the 
member state concerned. 

That principle was embodied 
in article 10 of Regulation No 
1408/71 the aim of which was to 

refusal by a social security 
institution to grant invalidity 
benefit, on the ground that the 
insured person had not pre- 
viously resided in the member 
state concerned during a certain 

promote the free movement of uninterrupted period. However 
workers by insulating those the insured person might only 

December 1. 1 982 on the ground social protection as employed 

concerned from the harmful 
consequences which might re- 

rely on that provision with effect • 
from July 1, 1982. 

Law Report October 29 1986 

Solicitor’s duty to warn client of risks 

County Personnel Ltd v Alan 
R. Palter & Co 
Before Sir Nicolas Browne- 
Wilkinson, Vice Chancellor. 
Lord Justice Stephen Brown and 
Lord Justice Bingham 
(Judgment given October 17] 

In the proper discharge of his 
duty, a careful solicitor faced 
with an unusual clause in a 
contract -should be put on 
inquiry as to the effect of the 
clause and was required to warn 
his client of the risks involved. 

The Court of Appeal so held 
allowing an appeal by the plain- 
tiffs, County Personnel Lid 
from a decision of Mr Robert 
Wright, QC, who, sitting as a 
deputy High Court judge on 
July 15. 1985, dismissed the 
plaintiff's claim for damages for 
breach of contraa and neg- 
ligence against their former 
solicitors, the defendants. Alan 
R. Pulver & Co, Watford. 

Mr J. R. Gaum for the 
plaintiffs; Mr Ivan Krolik for 
the defendants. 

said that two ladies who bad 
worked together in an employ- 
ment agency decided to go info 
business on their own account 
through the medium of a com- 
pany to be incorporated, and 
they required business premises. 

They answered a newspaper 
advertisement by a Mr Cook 
trading as Horae Counties Busi- 
nesses. for two rooms on the 
ground floor of 109 Queen 
Street, Maidenhead, at an an- 
nual rent of £3.500 inclusive. 

The two ladies expected that 
their business would cover that 
rent and informally agreed to 
take a lease of the rooms for a 
15-year term with five-yearly 
rent reviews. 

Initially Mr Cook did not 

appear to have any interest in 
the premises, but he set about 
negotiating the terms of a head 
lease of the whole building to 
himself with a view to subletting 
the two rooms to the ladies or 
their company when formed. 

On December 2!, 1978 the 
two ladies instructed Mr Rose, a 

defendants, to act in the matter. 
There was evidence which sug- 
gested that the tenant's pro- 
posed rent might have been tied 
to a precentage of the the mesne 
lessor’s rent under the head 

Mr Rose received a copy of 
the head lease of the whole 
building from Mr Cook's solic- 
itor, bin the rent payable under 
the head lease had been cutout. 

There was also a covenant 
against assigning or subletting 
without the head lessors' written 
notice, such licence not to be 
unreasonably withheld, and the 
lessee covenanted that on any 
subjecting the sublessee's right 
to security of tenure under the 
Landlord and Tenant Act 1954 
should be effectively excluded. 

In response to an inquiry by 
Mr Rose as to the rent payable 
under the head lease, Mr Cook's 
solicitors replied that “the word- 
ing has now been revised" and 
sent a revised draft underlease 
the rent review clause of which 
provided for a “yearly rent of 
£3.500 inclusive of general rales 
and water service charges for the 
first five years of the term 
created by the head lease . - . 
and thereafter paying for the 
periods set out in the head tease 
an amount equivalent to die 
initial rent increased by the 
same percentages as the 
landlord's rent has been in- 
creased under the terms of the 
bead lease". 

Thereafter the two ladies at- 
tended at the defendants' offices 
and Mr Rose went through the 
underlease and the head lease 
with them and dictated a letter 
u> Mr Cook’s solicitors in their 

The company was allowed 
into possession of the rooms in 
February 1979 and the defen- 
dants received a certified copy 
of the head lease showing the 
rent of the whole building under 
the bead tease as £7,750 a year 
exclusive of rates as compared 
with the £3,500 inclusive for the 
-ground floor rooms only in the 
unde r lease. 

Problems then arose because 
the head lessor had not given 
consent to (he sub-letting of the 
mound floor rooms so that Mr 
Cook's . interest and the 
underlease were liable to for- 

Eventually a new underlease 
was executed with security 
under the 1954 Act excluded 
and with the bead, lessor’s 

In 1984 the first rent reviews 
were negotiated. The rent under 
the bead tease was increased to 
£5,800 and under the terms of 
the rent review danse the yearly 
rent of the underlease rose to 
£9,022. At open market value 
the yearly rent on the underlease 
would have been £2,600. 

The defendants refused to pay 
that rent and eventually an 
assignee of Mr Cook accepted a 
surrender of the sublease. 

The matters which should 
have impinged on the mind ofa 
reasonably careful and com- 
petent solicitor practising in that 
field were that Mr Cook or his 
solicitors did not wish the 
defendants or the plaintiffs to 
know the rent being paid on the 

head lease and that Mr Cook 
was taking a bead lease of the, 
whole premises with a view to. 
subletting part. , 

Those might not have been 
sinister in (hansdves. How- 
ever, it was a most unusual rent 
review clause and should have, 
caused a reasonably careful and 
competent solicitor to think 
about it rather more carefully 
than would have been appro-, 
prime bad the danse been m a 
familiar standard form. 

. It would have been appro- 
priate to consider whether there 
wag anything in the terms of the 1 
clause which might prove dis- 
advantageous to the dienL 
On reflections involving no- 
dement of valuation, on which 
a solicitor was plainly unfitted 
to advise, a reasonably com- 
petent solicitor should have 
advised the defendants that on - 
existing information ft was 
impossible to say how the dause , 
would operate in practice, but 
that its operation might be. 
disadvantageous to the defen- 
dants; that unless both initial , 
rents were known and investi- 
gated and found to be at open 
market levels, the risk of dis-‘ 
advantage could not on the 1 
existing wording be eliminated, 
and that as matters stood the 
defendants' should not consider 
entering into a tease which 
contained foal clause. 

The plaintiffs did not give 
that advice or anything like it 

and were n egligent in felling to 
do so. The matter would be 
remitied to a Chancery Master 
for assessment of damages. 

Loud Justice 'Stephen Brown 
and the Vioe Chancellor agreed. 

Solicitors: Fairchild Grog & 
Wells; Reynolds Porter 

Amending pleading after repudiation of contract 

tel mi mi 

Tilcon Ltd t Land and Real 
Estate Investments Ltd 

Before Lord Justice Dillon and 
Lord Justice C'room -Johnson 
[Judgment October 22] 

A pleading could be amended 
to include a claim that a contract 
had been repudiated and the 
repudiation accepted even 
though the acceptance of the 
repudiation was subsequent to 
the date of the original pleading, 
since the facts giving rise to a 
were not fresh Tacts going to a 
fresh cause of action, but merely 
related to the remedy sought. 

The Court of Appeal dis- 
missed an appeal by foe plain- 
tiffs, Tilcon Ltd. against a 
decision of Judge Paul Baker. 
QC. silling as a judge of the 
Chancery Division, whereby he 
had dismissed their appeal 
against an order of Master 
Barra 1 1 who granted the defen- 
dants. Land and Real Estate 
Investments Ltd. leave to 
amend their defence and 

Mr Graham Platford for the 
plaintiffs: Mr John Harwood- 
Stevcnson for the defendants. 

said that the dispute arose out of 
a contract in relation to the 
supply of clay by the defendants 
to the plaintiffs, who carried on 
the business of making facing 


The contract, made in June 
1983. was to last 15 years. The 

f ilaintiffs were required to pay 
or a minimum of 50.000 tons a 
year unless their failure to pay 
was due to the defendants’ 

The defendants offered a 
delivery of clay which the 
plaintiffs said was not of suit- 
able quality and they rejected it. 
By writ issued on June 22. 1984 
the plaintiffs claimed a declara- 
tion that the clay should be ofa 
particular quality and they 
claimed by way of damages 

sums relating to the testing of 
foe clay proffered by the defen- 

The defendants served a de- 
fence and counterclaim in 
September 1984. They pleaded 
that the plaintiffs had' failed to 

pay the defendants any sum 
during the year ended June 30, 
1983 and they claimed 
£ 210 . 000 . 

In 1986 the defendants app- 
lied to amend the counterclaim 
to add a claim that the plaintiffs 
had caused the defendants fur- 
ther loss in that, repudiation 
having been accepted, the defen- 
dants suffered continuing loss, 
by virtue of not receiving fur-' 
ther minimum payments. 

They also sought to add a 
paragraph claiming that the 
plaintiffs had acted in 
rep ud ia lory breach of contract, 
which the defendants thereby 
accepted. The relief sought .was a 
declaration that the plaintiffs 
had repudiated the contract and 
that they had accepted that 

The plaintiffs objected on 
somewhat technical grounds to 
the amendment being allowed. 
In The Supreme Court Practice 
1985 at pp338-339 it was dearly- 
set out that an amendment took 
effect from the date of the 
original document, and that rule 
was foe reason why a plain tiff 
might not amend his writ by 
adding a cause of action which 
accrued to him since the issue of 
the wriu 

It was said for the plain tiffe 
that a party to a contract who 
wanted to treat the contract as at 
an end had to elect to do six It 
did not automatically happen, 
and the contract came to an end 
only when be so elected. 

The innocent party had to 
accept repudiation before he 
could sue for damages on the 
footing rif repudiation, and be 
could not include his acceptance 
of repudiation in existing 
proceedings merely claiming 
damages for breach because he 
would be putting in evidence 
fects subsequent to the date of 

The defendants drew a. 
distinction between amend- 
ments which, were really only 
options for a particular form of. 
remedy and amendments which 
introduced new causes of action. 

There were many circum- 
stances in which matters tap- 

S ned after the pleadings which 
I to be dealt with at trial even 
by amendment of pleadings, 
such as special damages in 
personal injury cases. The ques- 
tion was whether acceptance of 
repudiation stood in the same 

The court's attention had 
been drawn to Johnson v Agnew 

([1980] At 367). The leading 
speech was that of Lord Wilber- 
foree, and it was plain that he 
was concerned to apply tbe 
general rules of contract law. 

The case bad not been directly 
concerned with a point of 
pleading, but it seemed fun- 
damental that tiie House of 
Lords was recognizing that the' 
vendor’s election to treat the' 
contract as repudiated did not 
have to be made before the issue 
of the writ. He was entitled to ’ 
elect during the course of the 

That was inconsistent with 
the arguments put forward by 
way ofapplication. or extension, 

of Esheloy v Federated Euro- 
pean Bank Ltd ([1932] 1 KB- 

fects giving rise to tbe 
acceptance of repudiation arose ! 
before the service of the 
counterclaim and it was a 
matter going to the remedy. It 
was not a case of fresh fer-re 
necessary to complete a fresh 
cause of action. 

Lord Justice Croom -Johnson 

Sofia tore: Atasudr Thomson 
Sl Partners for Sugden & Soen- 
Bradford; Cd 


Questioning validity of divorce 

Williams v Attorney General 
and Others 

If the validity of a marriage at 
its inception was questioned 
then the petition seeking a 
declaration that the marriage 
was valid should be presented 
under section 45 of the Matri- 
monial Causes Act 1973. How- 
ever. if the question was 
whether a valid marriage still 
subsisted or bad been dissolved, 
then the petition seeking a 
declaration relating to the mar- 
riage should be presented under 
the inherent jurisdiction. 

Mr Justice Laiey so held in 
the Family Division on October 
23 when dismissing tbe Attor- 
ney General from the suit ofMrs 
Helen Williams, of Aylesbury, 
seeking a dclaration that her 
marriage to Mr John Windsor 

Williams still subsisted on tbe - 
ground that a decree of divorce 
obtained by him in in the Stale 
of Ohio in 1963 should not be 
recognized as she had not 
received notice of the proceed- 

HIS LORDSHIP said that the- 
application of the Attorney 

General was not « piece of legal 

The Attorney General 
pointed out that it would be an 

expensive time-consuming bur- 
den on his office if he had to be 
joined in every case where it was, 
not the initial validity of the 
marriage in dispute but whether 
a subsequent foreign decree 
should be recognized. 

lire natural language of sec- 
tion 45 of the 1973 Aetcontem- 
pluied a dispute, about the 

validity of a marriage at the time 
it was entered into. 

The ^ public interest with 
which the Attorney General was 
constitutionally concerned, 
such as legitimacy, were more 
likely to anse where the initial 
validity of a - oiarriag: was 
-questioned than in those cases 
where the validity of the mar- 
riage was not in dispute but 
whether it bad been sub- 
sequently dissolved. 

- . The Attorney General was 
entitled .lb be. struck out of the - 
suit unless under the dis-' 
qetiotrary inherent jurisdiction 
there were good reasons why he a party. There were no ■ 
. good reasons. 

The '.Attorney General’s 
application, would be allowed ' 
and the petition would proceed 
under the itfoerenf jurisdiction.