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No 62,601 






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III daft 1 


Kinnock aims 

for mortgage 

tax relief cuts 

By PMIip Webster, Chief Political Correspaodeirt 
Mr Neil Kinnock, the La- ‘ issue within the Conservative original aims and the current 


^SL , 2 dcr - y esierd ay 

nailed changes in the 
ot mortgage tax reli 
would involve big cuts in 
support for home-owners who 
were. dee m «j not to need the 

Although he was cautious 
on detail, Mr Kinnock spoke 
oi the need for a revision of 
me system to help those 
iaimhes most in need. 

a speech which will 
ensure that mortgage interest 
rate relief becomes a major 
issue at the next election, he 
suggested that relief should be 
bed to income, age and 
whether people bad children 
or dependent relatives. 

The dear implication was 
that middle-class home-own- 
ers, particularly those without 
families, would be the hardest 
hiL Mr Kinnock made no 
mention of means-testing to 
see whether individuals would 
qualify for relief but Conser- 
vative MPs who attacked his 
speech last night said that it 
would be difficult to achieve a 
system of variable relief in any 
other way. 

Mr Kmnock's remarks, to 
the National Housing 
Town Planning Council con- 
ference in Bournemouth, 
came as mortgage relief 
emerged as a controversial ■ 

Ir Michael Hesdtme, the 
former Cabinet minister, 
called for the restriction of 
mortgage relief to first-time 
buyers, and said more than 
£23 billion could be saved by 
ending it for those buying for a 
second or third time. 

The idea was immediately 
attacked by Mr Robot 
McCrindle, a senior Conser- 
vative backbencher, who said 
that at a time when the 

The Prince of Wales has 
attacked builders for scram- 
bling to develop greenfield 
sites msteadof conlrumting to 
the community by 
derefict sites in the inner t 

FbD report, page 2 


no more 

From student 
editor to ; 
profile of 
Richard Branson, 
millionaire tiead of 
Virgin, how 
seeking a stock 
market flotation 

Government was rightly 
claiming success in advancing 
home ownership it would be 
folly to change direction. 

“While we would all like to 
see the. regeneration of the 
inner cities, attacking the tax 
privileges of suburbia is not 
the way to go about it,” he 

Mr Kmnock's speech will; 
have far-reaching political im- 
plications. Labour is already 
committed to restricting mort- 
gage relief to the standard rale 
of tax, but he made dear that 
under a Labour government 
for more significant changes 
would be considered 

He said the relief system 
started as a modest and sen- 
sible inducement to house 
purchase, but had now moved 
out of balance and had lost its 
relationship both with the 

■ne«Js of the great majority. 

In 1979 tax relief amounted 
to £13 bilhon and by last 1 
it had increased to £4.7!' 

Hon, while local authority 
subsidy had dwindled to less 
than £500 million. Within the 
subsidy there had been a shift 
away from the house-bm 
majority towards the wefl- 

He said; “When those 
changes take place and do 
nothing to help those who 
have paid their mortgages or , 
never taken mortgages; do 
tittle to facilitate 
purchase or ease the burdens 
of average mortgages on av- 
erage incomes and do much to 
push up house prices, there is 
obviously a need to address 
the matter to take account of i 
modem conditions.” 

Mr Kinnock rejected the 
“wiping out” of reliefs but 
added: “What is needed is a 
revision that gives relief to the 
people and families who need 
help at a time of their lives, 
and at levels of family 
responsibility and of income, 
when they need it. 

“We need somehow to 
make an equation between 
level of income, level of i 


: Bomber and his ghdfiiead Julie Magford at the funeral of his mother, 
father and sister Sheila CaffeQ 

payment and levels of 
don that mean young 
people with maximum iamily 
respons ibilities to children or 
dependent relatives, and peo- 
ple who experience inad- 
vertent fans in income, derive 
maximum benefit from con- 

Mr Kinnock made dear that 
it would not necessarily mean 

CDhtmaed on page 24, csi 1 

in farewell 
to Machel 

Thatcher to stay 
at least two years 

By Pfrii& Webster, Chief PWiticalOnrespondent 

— ^cld— 

• Yesterday’s £8,000 
prize in The Times 
Portfolio Gold 
competition, double the 
usual amount as 
there was no winner on 
Monday, was won by 
Mr John Millar, of 
Eating, west London. 
Details, page 3. 

• Portfolio list, page 
31; how to play, . 
information service, 
page 24. 


Tunnel success 

British financial 
are believed to 

have sub- 

scribed for their full quota of 

the £206 million of shares 
which must be sold before 
today's deadline as part of the 
financing for the proposed 
Channel tunnel - 

Pages 16, 25 


Test collapse 


The West Indies cricket team 
are lacing only their second 
'fkfeai in 37 Test matches after 
collapsing to 43 for nine 
- s ^,> — —against Pakistan in 



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%<■ I 

Fifty years ago a trust, was set 
up by a Victorian en- 
trepreneur. . Tpfiay ;the 
Wellcome Trust /is a leading 
sponsor of medical research. 

Special Report, pages 33-37 

Home News 24; 
Overseas 7-12 
AppK 22J0 
Arts 13 

Births, deaths. 

Barrages 23 

Business 25-32 
Conn 22 

Crosswords! 434 
Diary 16 

Features 14-16 

Law Report 42 
Lenders 17 
Letters 17 
PStftiwnewt 4 
Property 1849 
Sale Boom 22 
Science 22 
Sport 43-4M8 
Theatres, etc 13 
TV & Radio 47 
Weather 24 

The Prime Minister intends 
to stay In office for at feast two 
yearn if the Conservatives win 
the next general election. 

Mrs Thatcher is Letting it be 
known that she will cany on 
as leader and ensure her stamp 
is firmly set on die third 
consecutive Conservative 

According to the most 
authoritative sources, Mrs 
Thatcher is not yet talking of 
standing for a fourth election, 
although that dearly cannot 
be ruled out 

The conventional wisdom 
at Westminster since the '1983 
election has been that Mrs 
Thatcher would go for a hat- 
trick of election victories and 
then retire soon afterwards to 
allow a successor to steer the 
Tories through their next term 
in government. That expecta- 
tion had grown because, until 
now, Mrs Thatcher had never 
sought to discourage it 

The disclosure of the Prime 
Minister’s intention to “play it 
long” is a deliberate attempt 
by her to kill the inevitably 
growing speculation over who 
will be her eventual successor. 

In an interview last week 
with the Daily Express, she 

isters vying for the succession, 
wind) die believes is not 
conducive to good govem- 
menL By making it plain that 
she intends to stay on for the 
foreseeable future, she dearly 
hopes to discourage both the 
regular questioning by inter- 
viewers of her Cabinet mem- 
bers about their leadership 
intentions, and their readiness 
to indulge in such speculation. 

There is also a strong tac- 
tical reason for emphasizing 
the Prime Minister’s 

determination to cany on. If 
the suggestion that she was to 
go shortly after an election 

two years off the next Par- 
liament, saying: “There is a lot 
to be done” 

But there is evidently a 
feeling in Downing Street that 
that message has not yet got 
home to her MPs and 

Mrs Thatcher wants to 
avoid the spectacle of min- 

were to gain force it would 
give ammunition to the 
opposition parties, who would 
be able to describe ho* as a 
“lame duck” prime minister. 

But the principal reason 
behind Mrs Thatcher’s de- 
cision to let h be known that 
she is staying on wdl into the 
next Parliament is that she 
simply is not ready to go and 
wants to take into the 1990s 
her mission and her vision of a 
Britain based on popular 

The Prime Minister’s hus- 
band, Mr Denis Thatcher, is 
said to be relaxed about her 
decision to cany on well into a 
third term. It is pointed out by 
close associates that ■ Mis 
Thatcher's new property in 
Dulwich, south London, was 
not bought primarily with 
retirement in mind, but be- 
cause they been unsettled 
without their own property 

after the sale of their former 
home in Flood Street, Chelsea. 

Voice of rugby dies 

Mr Eddie Waring, the voice 
of Rugby League, died yes- 
terday at the age of 76 after a 
long ulness. 

In almost 30 years as a 
commentator he transfor med ^ 
the game from one ~ 
vaguely' understood 
the jjoflhern -counties to a 
popular national entertain- 

He retired as BBC rugby 
commentator in 1981 and was 
awarded the MBE in the New 
Year Hopoors List of 1982. 

Obituary, page 22 

From Michael Hornsby 

Tens of thousands of 
Mozambicans and more than 
80 foreign delegations paid 
their last respects yesterday to 
President Machel, who led 
Mozambique since 1975 until 
his death m a plane crash cm 
October 19. 

Crowds standing five deep 
lined the tinee-mile route 
from Maputo's city hap, 
where the President had lain 
in siafe since last Friday, to 
the' Square -of Heroes on the 
odtskirl5’0f tb£ city, where his 
remains were placed in a star- 
shaped marble mausoleum. 

The mausoleum also con- 
tains the body of Dr Eduardo 
Mondlane, the first president 
of Frelimo, Mozambique’s 
political party, who was assas- 
sinated in Dar-es-Sataam, 

Black box offer 


Tanzania, in 1969 by unkown 
assailants and other martyrs 
of tbegueniUa struggle against 
the Portuguese. 

President Machel was 
eulogised by Mr Marcdmo 
dos Santos, a founder of 
Frelimo and now the most 
senior Politburo member, as 
“a tireless fighter” who fell in 
the struggle against apartheid. 

President Machel and 33 
others died when a Tupolev 
TU-1 34, returning from a visit 
to Zambia, suddenly veered 
into South African territory, 
hitting a hillside, as it was 
approaching Maputo. 

Banners carried by the 
crowds lining the streets and 
outside the city hall were 
unrestrained. “The Boers 
killed the best son of the 
Mozambiquan people. We 
will continue the struggle," 
declared one. “Apartheid 

Coatmaed as page 24, cel 2 

‘Warped’ Bamber 
found guilty of 
murdering family 

By Michael HursneB 

Bamber was yes- He added: “I believe you 
did so partly out of greed 
because, although you were 
well off for your age, you were 
impatient for more money 
and possessions. But I believe 
you also lolled out of an 
arrogance In your character 
which made you resent any 
form of parental restriction or 
criticism of your behaviour. 

“I believe that you wanted 
at once tri be the master of 
parents. June and- your own life' as weU as to 
61, his half- enjoy the inheritance which 
would have come to you in 
any event in the fullness of 

Police admitted after the 
trial that they were duped by 
Jeremy Bamber in the initial 


lerday tended five life sen- 
tences for the murders of his 
family last year in a bloody 
massacre described by the 
judge as “warped, callous and 

The farmer's son, aged 25, 
remained motionless in the 
dock as Mr Justice Drake 
recommended that he serve a 
minim um of 25 years. 

. Sandier, who shot dead his 
adoptive ' 

sister Mrs Sheila Caffeft, aged 
27, and her twin sons, aged 
six, at White House Farm, 
their elegant Georgian farm- 
house mbssex, will be denied 
the £436,000 inheritance for 
which he killed. 

A civil hearing is now 
expected to settle any dispute 
over the parents’ wills but a 
substantial proportion is ex- 
pected to go to Bamber’s aunt. 
Mis Pamela fioutflour, who 
gave evidence against him. 

Bamber has already been 
cut out of the will of his grand- 
mother Mrs Mabel Speakman, 
aged 89, who took the decision 
after learning of his arrest. She 
died earlier this year. 

Mr Justice Drue, in passing 
sentence at Chelmsford 
Grown Court, told Bamber 
“Your conduct in 
and carrying out the killing 
five members of your ‘ 
was evil almost beyond 
It shows that you, young man 
though you are, have a 
warped, callous and evil mind 
concealed beneath an out- 
wardly presentable and civi- 
lized manner.” 

The judge said that the 
killing of any one member of 
his family would have been a 
terrible crime, especially the 
murder in coW blood of the 
twins Nicholas and Daniel as 
they slept. 

Trial background 

stages of their inquiry but said 
they never approached the 
case with a dosed mind and 
were not now looking for 

There will be a review of 
inquiry procedures following 
criticism by the judge who 
said the inquiry was lacking in 
care and thoroughness. 

Det Chief Supt Jim Dickin- 
son said; “We need to ensure 
things which happened in the 
Bamber inquiry do not hap- 
pen again. Any changes 

needed in procedure will be 

Mr Ronald Stone, 
chief constable ofEssex 
sai± “There is no doubt in my 
mind that the officers who 
attended White House Farm 
in the early hours of August 7 
last year were freed with a 
scene which had been care- 
fully planned and prepared to 
indicate that Mr and Mrs 
Bamber and the two small 
"boys had been murdered by 

Continued on page 24, col 3 

Market’s new system 
disrupts trading again 

point out that 

The Excha 

By Lawrence Lever 

New trading systems at the 
Stock Exchange set up for Big 
Bang, were ml by a second 
computer failure yesterday. 

The breakdown prevented 
market-makers from advertis- 
ing prices on screens and 
forced them to revert to pre- 
Big Bang methods of dealing. 

Moreover, some of Mon- 
day's teething problems re- 
mained to the annoyance of 
brokers arid maricet-makers. 

The timing of the failure — 
at 1pm for half an hour — 
meant that trading was not 
affected seriously. 

The Exchange was quick to 

ailure, unlike Monday’s 
breakdown, was not an 
overloading of the Topic 
share-price information sys- 


routine check of the electronic 
link between the central Topic 
system and the Topic termi- 
nals installed in city 
institutions’ offices. 

blamed a 

Market-makers were frus- 
trated by the Exchange’s at- 
tempts to reduce the pressure 
on Topic. 

New frame, page 25 

New Cola war 
looms after 
£120m deal 

The battle-tines have been 
drawn for a renewed outbreak 
of the Cola war in Britain with 
the announcement that the 
Beecfaam Group is selling its 

soft drinks business to Britvic 
Soft Drinks, owned by Bass, 
Allied- Lyons and Whitbread, 
for £120 million. 

The new company, Britvic 
Corona, will take over the 
Pepsi franchise from the 
beginning of next year. Britvic 
Corona will compete with the 
other big force in the soft 
drinks industry, a joint ven- 
ture between Coca-Cola and 
Cadbury Schweppes. 

Page 25 

Minister enters Ruskin College lecturer row 

By Mark Dowd 
Education Reporter 

In the first public govern- 
ment announcement on the 
affair of Mr David Sdbourne, 
the former Ruskin College 
lecturer. Mr George Waldeo, 
Under-Secretary of State for 
Education, told the Commons 
yesterday that has invited the 
college principal, Mr John 
Hughes,, to meet him on 
Monday to discuss the case- 
Mr Walden said that he was 
not reassured by Mr Hughes’s 
reply to a letter requesting an 
explanation of events. 

Mr Selboume wrote an 
article for The Times in 
March. After student boycotts 
and censure by Ruskhft 
governing body, be sought a 
commitment to academic 
freedom from Mr Hughes, 
which was refused. He is now 
pursuing legal action. 

In a separate development, 
the Association of University 
Teachers is to be urged this 
week to assist Mr Selboutne. 

In addition to discussing a 
detailed report on the dispute 
compiled by association offi- 
cers during the past two 

weeks, the national executive 
committee will consider 
resolutions passed on Monday 
by. the • Birmingham 

The first calls for a state- 
ment of the union’s position 


on academic freedom in light 
of the Selboume* case, in 
particular the role played by 
Mr John Akker. its deputy 
general secretary, who was at 
foe meeting on June 27 when 
Ruskin passed its motion of 

The second calls on the 
national executive, providing 
Mr Selboume withdraws his 
resignation, to “authorize an 
offer of assistance in pursuit of 
his claim that the college 
authorities are unwilling to 
guarantee his academic 

It is understood that Mr 
Selboume is willing to comply 
with that prerequisite. 

The sponsor of the resolu- 
tions, Mr Geoffrey 
Osiergaard, a senior lecturer 
in political science at Bir- 
mingham University, said 

yesterday that they were de- 
signed to put pressure on the 
national executive to come 
dean and take a stand. 

Evidence of further rank 
and file dissatisfaction with 
the low-key approach taken by 
the association nationally is 
reflected by additional mo- 
tions on the Selboume affair 
expected to be discussed today 
by members in Cardiff. 

The case appears likely to 
become a central issue at the 
meeting of the association’s 
national council in December. 


Britain to veto 
£100m EEC 
aid for Syria 

By Robin Oakley, Political Editor 
Britain will this week veto said that the outcome of the 

the granting of£100 milli on of 
European Community aid to 
Syria in a bid to stir other EEC 
countries into a drive against 
Syrian state^ponsored terror- 
ism following the Hindawi 

Mrs Thatcher and Sir Geof- 
frey Howe, the Foreign Sec- 
retary, are planning a 
diplomatic offensive over the 
next ten days , following the 
lukewarm response to British 
requests at this week's meeting 
of Common Market foreign 
ministers in Luxembourg for 
concerted action. 

British Ministers are seeth- 
ing at Europe’s failure to 
match its fine words with 
actions after Sir Geoffrey had 
presented his colleagues with a 
mil dossier on Syria’s involve- 
ment in the Hindawi affair. 
Syrian radio has already been 
crowing at what it calls 
Britain's defeat in the bid to 
get tough European action. 

Foreign ministers of the 
twelve EEC countries are due 
to meet in London on Novem- 
ber 10 and Sir Geoffrey hopes 
to persuade them to ban arms 
sales to Syria, curb the visits of 

Luxembourg meeting ted 
been quite deplorable, with 
half the foreign secretaries 
concerned not bothering to 
turn up. The Opposition folly 
supported Sir Geoffrey’s ac- 
tions and the British veto on 
proposals for EEC aid to Syria. 

As Tory MPs called tire 
action of the other foreign 
ministers craven, timid and 

Britain angered 
Mitterrand denial 
Leading article 






Syrian delegations. limit the 
activities of Syrian embassies 

in EEC states and toughen up 
security on the operation of 
Syrian Arab airlines. 

Chiming in with Conser- 
vative MPs who voiced their 

pathetically inadequate. Sir 
Geoffrey said that it was 
“regrettable ” that the French 
had found it impossible to 
agree to many of llie measures 
Britain wanted. 

He told MPs dm his Euro- 
pean colleagues had under- 
taken that no partner would 
accept any Syrian diplomat 
expelled from London in 
connection with the case. 

As the sling in the tail of his 
report Sir Geoffrey said that 
the EECs Mediterranean 
Financial Protocols, under 
which Syria is due to receive 
some flOOmillion over the 
next five years, expire on 
Saturday. “Renewal requires 
unanimity. There can be no 

question of the UK agreeing to 

fury in the Commons yes- 
terday, the Prime Minuter 

reminded her European coun- 
terparts that the European 
Council ted agreed in Septem- 
ber 1984 that “if one partner 
suffers serious terrorist activ- 
ity involving the abuse of 
diplomatic immunity the 
partners will be ready to 
consider common action in 

Mr Denis Healey, the 
Shadow Foreign Secretary, 

further financial assistance for 
Syria in present 

MPs were also told that no 
arrangements have yet been 
made to aid the 250 Britons 
working in Syria with the 
establishment of a British 
interests section in a friendly 
embassy in Damascus. Appar- 
ently the Syrians are saying 
that they do not want a Syrian 
interests section in any 
London embassy following 
the expulsion of their ambas- 

White poppy proposal 
makes Legion see red 

. Sir - Allan Davis, Lord 
Mayor of London, yesterday 
launched the annual Poppy 
Appeal amid a dispute over 
proposals by the peace move- 
ment to distribute white pop- 
pies instead of the Royal 
British Legion’s red ones for 
Remembrance Sunday next 

As the appeal was launched 
at the Honourable Artillery 
Company in London, the 
Prime Minister condemned 
the London-based Peace 
Pledge Union's plans to swap 
the traditional red flowers. 

She spoke of her “deep 
distaste” at die proposal, say- 
ing: “The Cenotaph is a 
national occasion and brings 
help and comfort to all 

Her comments followed a 
plea fin* tolerance from the 
Right Rev John Baker, Bishop 
of Salisbury, who said there 

was “plenty of -space for red 
ami white to bloom side by 

But this suggestion was 
dismissed by Major Bob 
Tomlins, general secretary of 
the Royal British Legion, who 
said: “White poppies are en- 
tirely superfluous and linked 
to things we don't consider 
have any place in the matter of 

Last night the Bishop said 
he was “deeply distressed” 
that his comments had been 
taken as detracting from the 
“unique place the scarlet 
poppy of Flanders had in all 
our hearts.” 

Mr Ted Jobson, chairman 
of the Poppy Appeal, said: 
“Remembrance should be a 
very positive emotion — pos- 
itive in that the best way to 
remember and honour Eire 
dead is to care for the living. 

WeVe closer 
to a cure. But not 
close enough. 

Muscular Dystrophy has caused David 
too much suffering for far too long, 

At four, he began to find it difficult to 
walk. By the age of ten, this relentless, 
muscle-wasting disease had confined him to 
a wheelchair. 

But to end the disease, our scientists 
need to know how it begins. 

The more you help, the sooner they can 
find the causa 

To save other children from suffering like 
David, it carft be a day too soon. 


35 Macaulay Road, London SW40QR Reg. Chanty Na 205395. 



No threats in 

anti-drink drive 

tflttaspoir wffl fry to persuade people 
t to drak and drive ratter than offer threats of rougher 
~~*8 in its annual pre-Christ— s campaig n **“* 

.the next few weeks (Oar Transput Correspondent 

John Moore, Secretary of State for Transport, said 
day tint the theme of the campaign would be “Don’t 
and Drive'" . Mr John Over, Chief Constable off 
- *“***“? of the traffic committee of the 

ation of Chief Police Officers, said that police forces 
been enforcing the law apuhu t ri rfailrfng « h tying ail 

There worn be no change in enforcement levels 
tristmas period. 

anoressuig the anneal congress of the Royal Society far 
the Prevention of Accidents at Eastbourne, Mr Moore said 
. that one in fear road was drink related. 

rlgTTT?-- : V 

Midwife UK lamb 

form protest 

Mothers should be given The Government has 
1 a greater say in tte care asked the EEC to invesri- 

. r they receive daring child- gate whether new French 

'>btrtb and should be given clearance p ro ced ur es for 

enough information to consignments of British 

make informed choices, a iamb are in breach of the 

: maternity organization Treaty of Rome. 

• said yesterday. Mr John Gammer, Min- 

The Association erf Rad- xster of State for Agrt- 

kal Mid wives has jnst culture, said yesterday that 

launched a document on there had been a sadden 

the future of maternity increase in sampling of 

services in Britain. It calls consignments, and British 

for a closer relationship imports appeared to be tte 

between mothers and mid- main target 

wives and ssggests tint In some cases every car- 
most midwives should op- cass was inspected, making 

erate from group practices consignments late and 

in the community ratter causing cancelled can- 

than from hospitals. tracts. 

Plea for 

jobless it fe ssj 

A plea was made yes- 
today to Lord Yomg of 
GraBham, Secretary of 
State for Employment, to 
altowtitt tong-tens onemp- 
toyed aged over 50 to earn 
up to £25 a week without 
supplementary benefit pay- 
ments being penalized. 

At present, a person can 
earn only £4 a week without 
loss. Extra sums earned axe 
deducted from benefit. 

The call was made by a 
-new charity. Action, which 
wants the £4 increased to 

Gas from rubbish 

A £2 mflfion project for extracting methane gas from rub- 
Ksh tips was approved yesterday by Mr David Hunt, 
Minister for Renewable Energy Soorces at the Department 
irf Energy. 

Speaking in Solihull at an international conference on 
• lamfff n gas, Mr Hunt said that obtaining fuel from waste 
damps was a promising source of energy. 

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Anger as French learn Nimrod secrets 

By Harvey Elliott 
Air Correspondent 

Two senior French military 
officials, working from an 
office in the Ministry of 
Defence in Whitehall, are 
being handed all the technical 
secrets of Britain's Nimrod 
early warning aircraft. 

GEC manufacturer of the 
Nimrod's sophisticated radar 
system, fears that the highly 
sensitive information could be 
passed on to Boeing and 
enable the American rival to 
sabotage Nimrod's future. 

Executives of GEC Avion- 
ics, fighting to clinch a £1 bil- 
lion deal for an airborne early 
warning system for the RAF, 
are having to spend hundreds 

of man hours translating tech- 
nical documents into French 
and have been ordered to base 
the one operational test air- 
craft in France for a week to 
cany out evaluation Sights for 
French officials and scientists. 

But the executives are con- 
vinced that France has no 
intention of buying the Nim- 
rod or the GEC radar system. 
The French air force has made 
it plain that it wants the 
Boeing Awacs as its “spy in 
the sky" over the Mediterra- 

The French government is, 
however, worried about the 
cost of the Boeing and has 
asked to work with Britain in 
evaluating Nimrod. 

Ironically there are no Niro- 

Prince calls 
on builders 
to develop 
derelict sites 

By Christopher Wannan, Property Correspondent 

The Prince of Wales yes- 
terday berated Britain's house 
builders for concentrating on 
building on greenfield sites 
rather than developing dere- 
lict sites in inner cities. 

He called on the housing' 
industry to lake action in 
partnership with unemployed 
and under-employed commu- 
nities to contribute to the 
revival of run-down areas. 

At the same time he praised 
self-build projects — which 
form one of the top three 
building organizations in the 
country — as an imaginative 
way of providing cheaper 

The Prince was speaking to 
an audience of 500 builders, 
developers, architects and 
planners at a conference is 
London, organized by the 
National House Building 
Council to celebrate its fiftieth 

Criticizing under-invest- 
ment in run-down urban ar- 
eas, the Prince said that in 
spite of the obvious need to 
tackle this problem, “It always 
seems crazy to me that the 
building industry spends a 
great deal of energy in trying 
to secure greenfield sites 
which, from an overall na- 
tional economic point of view, 
are for more costly to develop 
than a derelict site, although 
on the face of things they may 
appear to be cheaper. 

“It is extremely wonying, I 
think, that the second land 
utilization survey has shown 
that farm land is being lost at a 
rate which would see its total 
disappearance in 200 years." 

The Prince asked what the 
point was of using up a 
valuable resource in pursuit of 
what was not even a real cost 

“Concentrating efforts on 
greener pastures and leaving 
the inner city to fester results 
in an ever-increasing spiral of 
decay, failing infrastructure, 
under-developed social and 
public facilities, poorer hous- 
ing. schools and hospitals and 
other social manifestations, 
such as poor physical and 
mental health and a general 
low morale." 

The hopelessness felt by the 
communities concerned was 
compounded by decay and 

Limb firm 
gets strike 

By AngeQa Johnson 

Britain's largest artificial- 
limb manufacturer could lose 
its DHSS contract unless it 
settles a six-week dispute at its 
Roehampton factory. Mr 
David Mellor, a Home Office 
minister, said yesterday. 

Supplies from J E Hanger's 
south-west London factory 
have been almost halved since 
300 of its 800 workforce went 
on strike over new work 

At least 58 people waiting to 
have artificial legs fitted at the 
centre near Queen Mary’s 
Hospital have had appoint- 
ments postponed because 
limbs were not available. 

Mr Mellor said the situation 
bad become almost intol- 
erable and was causing ex- 
treme hardship for people. 

“If the dispute continues for 
much longer it is not in- 
conceivable that the company 
could lose its contract al- 
together. There are several 
French and German manufac- 
turers waiting in the wings if J 
E Hanger cannot meet 

ever-present van dalis m. The 
housing industry seemed a 
little unwilling to invest most 
of its effort in these under- 
resourced areas. 

Prince Charles said that in 
spite of the short-sighted eco- 
nomic argument that there 
was little point in pouring 
money into these areas be- 
cause there was no effective 
demand, the building industry 
had an opportunity to take a 
lead in generating real growth. 

He said: “1 see the potential 
whenever I go to throe areas. 
And it drives me mad that 
others seem blind to the 
immense possibilities that are 

The Prince also asked archi- 
tects and builders to design 
homes for convenience, start- 
ing with a downstairs lava- 
tory. Wider doors and ramps 
up to the door would, in 
addition, help the disabled. 

The plea from the Prince of 
Wales for the use of inner city 
land was reinforced by Mr 
John Patten. Minister for 
Housing, Urban Affairs and 
Construction. “We are trying 
to do all we can to ensure that 
bousing is built on land that 
has been used before." 

He said that last year 45 per 
cent of all bouses were built on 
recycled land and he was 
convinced that government 
efforts to develop this policy 
further would help to push 
more development back into 
the North and the Midlands 
where it was needed, and help 
with the North-South divide. 

Mr Michael Heseltroe, a 
former Secretary of State for 
the Environment, called for 
the phasing out of mortgage 
lax relief to all but first-time 
buyers and the return of the 
bulldozer to inner city areas to 
allow renewal of housing. 

Mr Heseltine said it was not 
possible to patch and mend 
old and inadequate housing 
forever. “We will have to clear 
much of the building dating 
from the last century. But in 
doing that we must replace it 
not with the soulless council 
estates of the 1950s and 1960s 
but witb balanced 
neighbourhoods where people 
will live and invest from i 

in talks to 
end siege 

Negotiations were continu- 
ing last night to end the siege 
at Sughton Prison in Edin- 
burgh in which five inmates 
armed frith home-made knives 
and dobs took a prison officer 

The men were thought to be 
long-term prisoners. Two erf 
them were due to be returned 
to Peterhead Prison yesterday. 
They had been at Saugbton to 
make visits by relatives easier. 

The Scottish Office said tte 
prison officer, aged 25, who is 
married bat has not been 
named, may be in danger but 
there was do indicatioB that be 
bad been harmed. 

The siege at Saugbton, a 
medium security jail built for 
550 inmates but bousing 785, 
was in protest at visiting rights 
and conditions. 

The Scottish Office said: “A 
dialogue will continue until 
there is a satisfactory conclu- 
sion. The prisoners have a 
transisier radio and wanted 
access to a telephone, al- 
though they weren't given 

rod aircraft available for 
them — the 1 1 now built are 
all earmarked for the RAF. So 
even if the French do choose 
the British system they would 
have to fit it into another 
aircraft, such as the Lockheed 

But t he Fre nch government 
has ordered its two repre- 
sentatives, M J J*. Frolich and 
M S. Chapron. to complete a 
final detailed report by 
November 15. 

Last night M Chapron re- 
fused to disclose his rank 
within the French air force. 
“We are military, but it is 
rather special and hard to 

explain,” be said. 

The frustration at what 
GEC sees as a cynical French 

attempt to get its secrets and 
then use them to force down 
the price of the Boeing Awacs, 
showed yesterday when Mr 
James Prior, GEC chairman, 
said: “The French want to 
make a final decision in 
November. But this is too 
short a time for them to make 
a proper evaluation. 

“We are providing them 
with all the information that 
Britain has. We had no prac- 
tical alternative but to do so.” 

The main priority remains 
the forthcoming RAF order. 
GEC is convinced that it has 
solved the technical problems 
which have led to massive 
delays in the introduction of 
the Nimrod. But now it must 
tackle the for harder job of 

Mr Ian Wood arriving handcuffed to a French police officer 
for the extradition hearmg in Amiens yesterday. 

convincing the RAF and the 
Government to buy the Brit- 
ish system rather than order 
from Boeing. 

“We are now entering the 
political arena." Mr Prior 
said. . 

“Political battles are always 
for harder than technical bat- 
tles. The RAF is still biased 
against Nimrod because they 
always wanted Awacs. And 
there are a number of people 
in Government who don't like 
GEC and consider we have 
dime too wefl out of the 
Ministry of Defence budget 
over the last 25 years." 

Final bids should be 
submitted to the ministry on 
November 6. 

agrees to 

Detectives are today await- 
ing Home Office confirmation 
of an extradition order granted 

against Mr Ian Wood, the 
solicitor, before Dying to 
France to escort him back to 
Sheffield where he feces two 
charges of murder. 

Mr Wood, aged 37, waived 
Us right of appeal against 
extradition when he appeared 
before magistrates in Amiens, 
northern France, yesterday. 

Be told a court he was 
anxious to return to Britain to 
rive his version of events 
which ended with the shotgun 
trilling of his mistress, Mme 
DanieDe Ledez, aged 38, and 
her daughter, Stephanie, aged 
three, at tte Georgian man- 
sion they shared 12 miles from 

Mme Ledeffs son, Chris- 
topher, aged 5, is stiD in 
intensive care after being 
taken to tte Royal HaRam- 
shire Hospital, Sheffield, with 
gunshot wounds to his head. 

Mr Wood, former secretary 
of tte Sheffield Law Society, 
disappeared shortly before 
police found the bodies at his 
home on September 22. A 
seven-day nationwide search 
ended when be was ar rested 
after five horns en the roof of 
the cathedral in Amiens. 

A report is now being pre- 
pared by Mr Peter Wright, 
South Yorkshire chief con- 

Knowsley North by-election 

Militants 9 sabotage threat 

By Richard Evans, Political Correspondent 

The Militant Tendency last 
night deliberately attempted 
to sabotage Labour's Knows- 
ley North by-election cam- 
paign by warning that it will 
try to remove the party’s 
moderate candidate after his 
expected victory in the safe 

Mr Richard Venton, Mil- 
itant's chief Merseyside spo- 
kesman, said that Mr George 
How-arth, imposed as can- 
didate by Labour’s leadership 
against the wishes of the local 
party, would be a “caretaker” 
MP for Labour. 

He said that Militant, which 
has labelled Mr Howarth a 
right-winger, would “cam- 
paign for a socialist 
candidate" to replace him 
after the by-election. 

“We regard George How- 
arth as an uninvited, imposed 
candidate against the wishes 
of the Labour Party but never- 
theless we will campaign for a 
Labour victory. 

“We will seek to build 
Knowsley North Labour Party 
into an even bigger working 
class and socialist party witb a 
view to defending the right to 

“If the party membership 
then wishes to de-select Mr 
Howarth that will be their 

The statement by Mr 
Venton, one of nine Mer- 
seyside Militants expelled 
from the Labour Party, came 
only hours after Mr Howarth 

had attempted to prevent tte 
Militant issue from dominat- 
ing his campaign by directly 
challenging tte Trotskyist 
organization to put up their 
own candidate against him for 
tte seat 

His surprise gambit back- 
fired after Militant's interven- 
tion and could prove 
disastrous to his chances. The 
Alliance and Conservative 
candidates will seize on Mr 
Venton's remarks and claim 
that tte local party is in 
Militant’s grips. 

Ironically Miss Rosemary 
Cooper, the liberal candidate, 
opened her campaign this 
week by saying Mr Howarth 
was a “caretaker candidate 
who would be removed swiftly 
by Militant if he won tte 

Last night she said “The 
Labour Party would have to 
find a cupboard to hide Mr 
Howarth in after the election 
because there is now no 
possibility of tte local party 
working with him. The very 
people he does not want 
control h is future 

The setback for Labour will 
increase pressure on Mr Neil 
Kinnock and tte party’s na- 
tional executive committee to 
disband the Knowsley North 
constituency party immedi- 
ately after tte by-election. In 
the early days of the campaign 
it has been noticeable how 
national and regional party 
officers are organizing Lab- 

Shot-down aircraft denials 

By Michael Evans, Whitehall Correspondent 

Allegations that two RAF B- 
24 Liberators flying over Viet- 
nam in 1945 were shot down 
by US fighters were dismissed 
yesterday by former British 
commanders of special units. 

It had been claimed that the 
two aircraft from 358 Squad- 
ron with 24 crew were shot 
down by planes from the I4th 
USAAF while dropping sup- 
plies to British clandestine 
forces in north Vietnam and 
that the incident was hushed 
up by Lord Mountbatten of 
Burma, Supreme Allied Com- 
mander South-east Asia, be- 
cause of bitter rivalries 
between the British and US 
special forces in Vietnam. 

However. Mr Terence 
O'Brien, a squadron leader 

with 357 Squadron, operating 
in the same area, said: “I saw 
the accident report on one of 
the crashed Liberators and 
there was no mention of any 
bullet holes. ” 

Mr O'Brien said that on the 
night the aircraft disappeared, 
January 22, the weather was 
appalling with very low cloud. 
“Eleven aircraft set off for 
dropping zones in northern 
Vietnam but only two suc- 
ceeded in completing their 
drops because of the weather. 
Three crashed and six re- 
turned with their loads still on 

Mr O'Brien was supported 
by Colonel Colin Mackenzie, 
who was head of Force 136, 
the Far Eastern section of the 

Special Operations Executive 

Colonel Mackenzie, speak- 
tog from his home in Kyieakin 
on the Isle of Skye, sakk“ I 
cannot support the allegation 
that there was a cover-up 
involving Lord Mountbatten. 
1 think I would have known 
about it, but 1 was never told 
of any incident of British 
planes being shot down by the 

However, a file in the Public 
Record Office in Kew, written 
by Air Vice-Marshal J 
Whitworth Jones, head of the 
special duties section of the 
South-east Asian Command, 
does put forward the possibil- 
ity that the two aircraft were 
shot down. 

Post-mortems being refused on Aids victims, says journal 

By Peter Evans justified If “adequate and sen- Mr Jack Fish, rice-presl- where the benefit may be contact with infected fodfrid- 

- • * • " . - - small, the feeling among oals «r deceased persons. : 

out’s contest, and there is 
minimnm local party involve- 

The local party, which went 
to the High Court in an 
unsuccessful bid to challenge 
Mr Howartt’s imposition asa 
candidate, are now under 
orders from Mr Larry Whitty, 
Labour’s general-secretary, to 
endorse him this weekend. 

Mr Howarth' s challenge to 
Militant to “put up or shut 
up" came after the circulation 
of a leaflet puMirizmg a 
Militant meeting tomorrow 
where Tendency supporters 
will be urged to vote for the 
Labour candidate. 

Speakers at the meeting 
include Mr Venton and Mr 
Tony Mulhearn, who was 
lucked by Militant to replace 
Mr Robert Kilroy-Sfik. the 
constituency's former Labour 

Mr Howarth said: “I have 
never asked far support from 
the Militant organization. I 
don’t want their support 

“In feet, far from welcom- 
ing any Militant support, I 
wish that they would run a 
candidate of their own in this 
by-election, and allow the 
people of Knowsley North to 
choose between democratic 
socialism and the politics of 
Militant between the party of 
Nefl Kinnock and the party of 
Derek Hatton. To the Mfli- 

(W R PT24& Mad 17.191. 

Some pathologists have re- 

fused to carry out post-mortem meeting of the society reported 
examinations on victims of in its JoumoL 

sible precautions" were taken, dent of the Forensic Science 
Dr Farthing spoke at a Society, reported in the Jour- 

Aids , according to the Journal The Journal says that as a 

of the Forensic Science Son- result of guidelines issued 

its Journal. incidence of Aids — drug ad- 

The Journal says that as a diets, homosexuals and tte 

Society, reported in the Jour- forensic scientists is that it 
nal that those with the highest may be best not to have one. 

forensic scientists is that it • A Dutch counselling ser- 
may be best not to have one. vice for homosexuals is pha- 
lli the investigation of cases ning to open a communal 

ety. irom the Crown Office in also those who were liable to involves Handling syringes, intended for those who “opt 

Dr Charles Farthing, an Scotland on the handling of be the subject of police in- body Bold samples, contanti- for the company of fellow 

acknowledged expert on the contaminated exhibits, some vestigations Dated dotting, weapons and s ufferers" and are “reasonably 

acquired immune deficiency may not be examined and The need for a post-mortem otter articles. All members of able to take care of 
syndrome, of St Stephen's some autopsies may not be examination must be weighed the forensic science “chafe" themselves" at the ttne of 

Hospital, London, told The performed. There is' growing against the risks of infection, ere required to handle samples their admission, Mr Pari 

Times yesterday that tte rea- concern about exposure to he told The TimesAn some which may carry tte virus. Bremer, spokesman for tte 

son was fear of infection. He infection, particularly in rela- cases there will have to be a Police officers and doctors Sttorer Foundation, said. 

said that this was quite un- tk»n to drag addicts. post mortem. But in otters, ®ay be required to have , Spectrum, page 14 

from the Crown Office in 
Scotland on tte handling of 

acknowledged expert on tte contaminated exhibits, some 
acquired immune deficiency may not be examined and 
syndrome, of St Stephen's some autopsies may not be 
Hospital, London, told The performed. There is* growing 
Times yesterday that the rea- concern about exposure to 
son was fear of infection. He infection, particularly in r da- 
said that this was quite un- tion to drag addicts. 

diets, homosexuals and tte involving drag addicts and living project in Amsterdam 
sexually promiscuous — were sexual offences, fore nsic w ort for Aids patients. It - Is 
also those who were liable to involves handling syringes, intended for those who “opt 
be the subject of police in- body ft aid samples, cootanu- tor the company of fellow 
vestigations Dated dotting, weapons and sufferers" and are “reasonably 

Tests for 
jobless on 
efforts to 
find work 

By Phflip Webster 
and Sheila Gum ’ , 
Tighter tests to ensure that 
applicants for unemployment 
benefits are genuinely seeking 
work are to be introduced by 
the Government. 

New claimants will have to 
answer detailed ques- 
tionnaires in which they win 
have to describe what work 
they are seeking and how they 
are making themselves avail- 
able for work. 

The move comes after the 
success of pilot schemes in 12 
areas since last spring, which 
showed that many more jjeo- 

ple did not pursue their claims 

when presented with the ques- 
tionnaire than in areas where 
the test was not operating. 

Claimants will be given a 
form on which they wiD be 
asked to state; among other 
t hing s , what they are doing to 
find work, the job they nor- 
mally do, the job they are 
looking for, whether they are 
willing to consider other jobs, 
how far they are able to travel 
to work, and what weekly 
minimum wage they are will- 
ingto take. 

The Labour Party mounted 
a sharp attack on the new plan 
in both the Commons and the 
Lords yesterday, accusing the 
Government of another at- 
tempt to manipulate the un- 
employment figures, and of 
trying to reduce tte figures by 
in timidati on and trick ques- 

Mr John Prescott, Labour's 
chief employment spokes- 
man, accused the Govern- 
ment of being vindictive and 
more concerned to blame and 
harass the unemployed than 
to provide jobs for them. 

Lord Young of Graflham, 
Secretory of State for Employ- 
ment, defended the test 
a gainst the accusation that it 
would afflict “torture” on 
many illiterate people out of 
work. “True unemployment 
wiD not be affected one whit 
by tins form. Anyone genu- 
inely unemployed win not be 
deterred by it," he said. The 
questions were not designed to 
trick claimants. 

In tte Commons, his dep- 
uty, Mr Kenneth Clarke, the 
Paymaster-General, said that 
according to surveys, 300,000 
people receiving benefits 
admitted they would not tike 
work when asked. 

The aim of the exercise was 
to ensure that the Govern- 
ment dischaiged its duty to 
account properly for public 
money, and paid benefit to 
those who were entitled to it 
but not to those who did not 
quality, he said. 

Parliament, page 

Irish move 

By Nicholas Wood 

Political Reporter 

Lord Hailsham of St 
Marylebone, the Lord Chan- 
cellor, is blocking a move by . 
Dublin to replace the one- 
judge Diplock courts with . 
three-man tribunals, it was 
disclosed yesterday. 

The proposal, to be tabled at 
the meeting of the Anglo-Irish 
conference next month, is 
regarded fevourabfy by tte 
Northern Ireland ministers, < 
Mr Tom King, Secretary of 
State and Mr Nicholas Scott, 
his deputy. 

They see merit in the Irish 
case that broadening the com- 
position' of the courts, which 
hear terrorist trials in Ulster 
without a jury, would help to 
strengthen their reputation 
abroad and defuse the charge 
that they are unfair and 
discriminate against the Ro- 
man Catholi c minority. 

Dr Garret FitzGerald, the 
Irish prime minister, who 
gained the right to make 
represen tations to London 
about the administration of 
the province under the Anglo- 
Irish agreement signed last 
year, is presang fin re- 
constituting the courts. 

But Lord Haflsham believes 
the proposal amounts to inter- 
ference in British sovereignty ' 
and is resisting it strongly. Tte 
Prime Minister is said to be in : 
no mood to overrule him. 

. He is also concerned about 
the practical difficulties of 
finding sufficient numbers of 
suitably qualified people to 
take up the new posts. 

Barristers moving into such 
positions would fee a sub- 
stantial drop in income and - 
could also become prime tar- ~ 
■get s Of violence. 

Under Diplock, judges have 
to publish the reasoning be- 
hind their verdicts and the 
Irish move would extend this ; 
arrangement to tte three-man 

• The Lord Chancellor is 
worried about what would 
happen in the event of a split 
decision. He believes tha t 
publication may well under- 
mine public confidence in the 
judiciary, so fomenting ten- " 
sion ami making the- pro ving 
more difficult to govern. 


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Chfef InsDector^Vim 6 -?^ “O’ examination carried out 
T inspector Tom Taff Ku f T^IirF. ic mlv 

massacre to play in a charity golf match 


Jones arrived from the 
Citelmsford division of Fr«?sex 

Within a short time the 
normally dedicated officer, 
who was initially in charge of 
< ? se> to play in a police 
charity golf match. 

Mr Jones, who died in May 
when be fell from a ladder at 

Del Chief Insp Tom Jones: 
initially led inquiry. 

his home, had been assured 
that they were dealing with a 
clear case of four murders and 
suicide by the killer. 

She was named as the 
former London model, Sheila 
CaffelL whom police were 
certain had gone berserk with 
her father’s semi-automatic 
rifle before turning the 
weapon upon herself. 

Within days all five had 
been buried or cremated after 
an officer reportedpolioe find- 
ings to Dr Geoffrey Tomp- 
kins. tbe deputy Essex 
coroner, and asked for the 
release of tbe bodies. 

Blunders, omissions and in- 
eptitude allowed- Jeremy 
Bamber, aged 25, who con- 
vinced police of his sister's 
guilt so he could, inherit bis 


by the police is only explicable 
because they thought there 
was nothing left to solve.” 

Officers now admit that 
their approach was coloured 
by the view, formed within 
two hours, that there was 
nothing to do bat mop up. 

Two months later, after foe 
arrest of Bamber on' foe 
evidence of Miss Jnlie 
Mugford, Mr Robert Bunyard, 
chief constable of Essex, or- 
dered an internal inquiry into 
foe handling of foe case. 

Tbe findings have never 
been made public but foe 
career prospects of several 
officers are now said to be less 
than bright. 

Shortly after Miss Mogford, 
aged 22, spoke out, foe case 
was taken over by Mr Peter 
Simpson, assistant chief con- 
stable (operations), and acting- 
Det Chief Sopt Michael 
Ainsley, deputy bead of Essex 

But even then it was wedcs 
before forensic evidence, 
much of which had been 
destroyed within days of tire Jeremy Baraben he bo 

murders, began to exonerate 

Mrs Caffefl and implicate ho* internally tfainwi to a depth of 


£8,000 win; 
for loans \ 
officer j 

A loans officer was foe sole " 
winner of tbe £8.000 Portfolio r 
Gold jackpot prize yesterday, -’ 
after no winners were recorded : 
on Monday. £ 

Mr Chris MiDar, aged 32, of ; 
Falmg , west London, has : 
played Portfolio Gold since it 

He said be could not believe * 
his hid. “It is the first tune <! 
erer that I've won anything. So * 
I asked a coDeagne to doable- l 
check my calculations before 1 
phoned The Tuna to claim my ! 

Asked how be intended 
spending his winnings, Mr * 
Millar said: “We are looking I 
for a new house and the prize * 
money will enable os to buy a 2 
much nicer borne.” ; 

Portfolio Gold cards can be 2 
obtained by sending a stain- * 
ped, addressed envelope to: ! 

Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, 2 

PO Box 40, 

Blackburn, ' 

BB1 6AJ- 

■ «b| i 

*#✓' .v 

^ ■ ,v.- • • 

Jereflay Bamber: he boasted that be conld plot tbe “perfect marder” his fondly at their home in White House Farm, above, in ToUeshunt 


Bamber had told foe police 
of his sister’s insanity and 
claimed his father had phoned 
him during the night to say she 
had gone berserk with a gun. 

Police maintain that foty 
continued to keep an open 
mind from the earliest days 
but not until more than a 
month had passed did they 
carry out intensive house to 
house inquiries among the 846 
villagers of ToUeshunt 

Among the catalogue of 
police blunders: 

• They glossed over the feet 
that Mrs CaffeD had appar- 
ently shot herself twice; 

• They missed a gun silencer 

two inches with Mrs CafielTs 
blood. It was hidden by 
Bamber after he realized h 
made the murder weapon too 
long for his sister to have used 
to kill herself; 

• They handled and moved 
the gun with bare hands 
instead of wearing gloves to 
preserve fingerprints; 

• They lost a hair stock to the 
silencer when they sent it for 
forensic examination; 

• They foiled to qnestion 
Bamber on why he had tele- 
phoned a local police station 
instead of dialling 999 after he 
claimed his father had alerted 
him, and why he drove so 
slowly to the arm; 

• They foiled to ask how the 
slim 5 ft 7in Mis Caffdl could 
have first bludgeoned her 6ft 
4in father with the rifle butt 
which broke under tire impact, 
and bow she was unmarked; 

• They foiled to question how 
Mrs CaffelL with poor hand- 
eye co-ordination and no 

i Relatives just 
could not accept that 
Mrs Caffeil carried 
out the murders 9 

experience with guns, could 
have fired 25 shots into foe 
bodies of her family with 
unerring accuracy; 

• They foiled to ask how foe 

could have reloaded the rifle 
twice without damaging her 
immaculatiy manacured naifc 
on tire toughly springed maga- 
zine and dirting ter hands 
with oil and discharge residue; 

• They foiled to question how 
Mrs Caffeil had dean feet after 
supposedly embarking on a 
Moody rampage through foe 

• They secured permission 
from Bamber on the day of the 
murders to remove blood- 
stained carpets and bedding 
which tbey burned; 

• They foiled to notice on the 
silencer paint chips from the 
undersite of the kitchen 
mantelpiece which was 
heavily scored during NeviU 

Bamber’s struggle for survival; 

• They did not asked Bamber 
fra his fingerprints. Mood 
samples or samples of his 
dothing until more than a 
month after the murders; 

• They foiled to discover until 
October 1, scratches on a 
downstairs washroom win- 
dow which* Bamber had used 
to gain entry and the hacksaw 
Mate outside with which he 
had used to fop slipped the 
self-dosing catch. 

Tbe lackadaisical attitude 
did not end there. For officers 
scarcely took notice of tire 
excellent detective work of 
family relatives who could not 
accept Mrs Sheila Caffdl had 
carried out the murders. 

It was Mr David Boutflour, 
Bomber's fanning cousin, who 
found the silencer three days 
after the murders and offered 
it to foe police after taking it to 
his sister's home for safekeep- 
ing. But they took three days 
to collect it. 

One of the biggest murder 
riddles in recent criminal his- 
tory, the White House Farm 
killings would never have 
mate an Agatha Christie 
novel because it left loo many 
loose ends. 

As one of the villagers in 
ToUeshunt D’Arcy put it “It 
was like painting by numbers. 
Jeremy gave the police tbe 
sketch and they just filled in 
the colours.” 

Parents tormented by private 
anguish over flawed children 

Mr Chris Millar, jackpot 5 
“unbelievable luck”. ; 

1 ■ " — ■— v 

MP gives up \ 
councils post j 

Sir Anthony Meyer. Conser- * 
vative MP for Clwyd North- v 
West, yesterday resigned as * 
vice-president of the Wales ; 
Association of Community | 
and Town Councils because , 
he claims it is pursuing a > 
political campaign against the i 
Government. ^ 

The general secretary of foe \ 
association. Mr Martin £ 
Thomas, said: “Like any other • 
association representing local ? 
government, there are times ? 
when we criticize the Govern- * 
menL But that does not : 
involve a campaign.” ^ 

To foe rest of tbe people in 
the village the respectable and 
wealthy Bambers of 
ToUeshunt D’Arcy were foe 
image of foe Archers of 
Am bridge. 

Pillars of the community, 
Mr NeviD Bamber was a 
justice of foe peace and coun- 
try squire while Mrs June 
Bamber, his wife, was a de- 
voted churchwarden at the 
fourteenth century parish 
church of St Nicholas. 

A former fighter pilot, Mr 
Bamber wandered the lanes 
around foe village in his 
leisure hours with a shotgun 
under his arm and a black 
labrador at his heels while his 
wife organized the cleaning of 
the pews and a rota for visiting 
the sick and elderly. 

What the rest of the Essex 
village did not know was the 
anguish foe couple shared 
over foe severe mental illness 
of their volatile daughter, Mrs 
Sheila Caffeil and the 
smoutdering resentment of 
Jeremy Bamber, their son, 
whose Latin good looks at- 
tracted both men and women. 

The lives of foe family, 
which had been plagued by 
tensions, ended in foe early 
hours of August 7 last year 
when Bamber took a gun to 
his parents, sister and her twin 
sons, at White House Farm, 
their Georgian farmhouse. 

Bamber and his sister were 
adopted, through the Church 
of England Children’s Society 
from different families, at the 
age of force months when Mr 
and Mrs Bamber found they 
could have none of their own. 

It is believed that Sheila 
Caffeil was tire illegitimate 
child of the daughter of a 
Church of England cleric. 

After attending foe private 
Maldon Court preparatory 
school in Essex, where 
Bamber is remembered only 
for his aptitude for acting, 
both were sent to boarding 

Mrs Gaffefl’s temperament 
led to her being expelled from 
schools in Eastbourne and 
Norwich, but she eventually 
attended a finishing school in 
Swiss Cottage, London. 

Bamber, three years her 
junior and intellectually su- 
perior, fared better at 
Gresham's School, in Norfolk, 
where he passed seven GCE 

But he also acquired a 
reputation for bullying and 
was regarded by former mas- 
ters as a black sheep. 

It was at the independent 
school, founded m 1555, 
which the arrogant Bamber 
attended between 1970 and 
1978. Ural he learned to 
handle a gun. Gresham’s has a 
national reputation for its 

shooting ranges and Bamber 
joined foe school's combined 
cadet force. 

Bamber’s eight years in 
boarding school also led him 
to resent his mother as he 
could not understand why, 
having adopted him, she 
should send him away. 

His resentment grew during 
the next seven years as Mr 
Bamber imposed the virtues 
of thrift, sacrifice and self- 
reliance in grooming his reluc- 
tant sou to be a fanner, and his 
mother imposed her religious 

be accentuated with eyeliner. 

Bamber reiisbed the bright 
lights of London when he 
could get away from foe farm 
but his annual income of 
£7,500 thwarted his tastes. He 
dreamed of a Porsche but 
drove a Vanxhatt Astra. 

Furious disputes developed 
at home as his Other declined 
to hand over the reins of the 
family businesses. He grew 
increasingly resent&L too, of 
his sister who was bought a 
London fiat in Mai da Vale. 

Unlike Bamber, Mrs 
CaffelTs taste fra a glamorous 

f - • ; 

.7 ^ V 

NeviU and June Bamber. shared worries over their children. 

In his late teens Bamber 
spent bis savings travelling 
Australia for a year and then 
borrowed money is 1982 to 
attend a commercial diving 
course in New Zealand before 
rejecting that as a career. 

According to friends, 
Bamber worked bard at White 
House Farm during foe next 
three years and his father 
bought him a 48-acre holding 
as well as a cottage in the 
hamlet of Goldhanger nearby. 

But villagers remember an- 
other side to Bamber, who was 
known affectionately to the 
family as “Jems'. Girls were 
constantly at bis door. His 
effeminate good looks would 

life declined during her twen- 
ties and she sought the solace 
of her rural upbringing. 

After training to be a hair- 
dresser, she attended a course 
at the Lurie Clayton model- 
ling agency and then as the 
model “Bambf* undertook 
several assignments with 
Penny Personal Management 

But the birth of the twins. 
Nicholas and Daniel, m 1979 
when she was aged 21 put an 
end to her career ami the 
break-up of her marriage 
shortly after to Mr Cohn 
CaffelL a London potter, de- 
pressed her. 

Mrs CaffelL frequently in 
debt, eventually sought 

domestic work in London and 
was once driven to having 
“girlie” photographs taken. 
She never sought to have them 
published but after the 
killings, Bamber tried to sell 
them with his life story to The 
Sun fora four-figure sum. 

Mrs Caf fe il had a ferocious 
temper but only her brother 
alleged that she was violent to 
tbe twins. 

Mr CaffeU, aged 35, said: 
“She was a very beautiful 
person but foe was highly 
strung. But she was devoted to 
the children and would have 
been desperately upset at foe 
thought of anyone taking 
them away from her.” 

It was Mis Bamber, from 
whom her daughter's concept 
of evil emanated, who labelled 
her “the devil's child” when 
she found her in a sexually i 
embarrassing position at the i 
age of 17. 

Like Bamber, Mrs Caffefl 
took drugs, inducting cocaine, 
but police have never been 
able to confirm reports that 
she owed money to pushers. 

And, tike her mother. Mis 
Caffeil became obsessed with 
religion. Wish Mrs Bamber 
she attended revivalist meet- 
ing. But by the time she 
suffered her second nervous 
breakdown and went to hos- 
pital in Northampton for 
treatment in March 1985 she 
was suffering severe delusions. 

Those persuaded Bamber 
that his sister was mad enough 
to use as a scapegoat for 
mutter. He realized be could 
fool the police into believing 
that Mrs Caffeil had shot her 
children and parents before 
committing suicide. 

Bamber regarded his 
mother and aster as mad, his 
father as decrepit and decided 
they had forfeited their right 
to live. He had no feelings for 
the twins. 

The mistake Bamber made 
was to tell Miss Julie Mugford, 
his girlfriend, of his plansA 
teacher aged 22, Miss 
Mugford remembers being 
telephoned at her London flat 
foe evening before the mur- 
ders when Bamber announced 
that he was going ahead. 

After a mouth of keeping 
the troth of the murders to 
herself; Miss Mugford came to 
regard him as foe devil 

Miss Mugford said: 
“Bamber fold me the police 
had told him it was an open 
and shut case. If foe police 
were convinced why should 
they believe me? I was scared 
of what Bamber would do to 
me. But 1 could not cope with 
foe guilt and that is why I went 
to the police.” 

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Si. . 



Foreign ministers 
anti-terror talks 
come under fire 

Healey attack • University cash • Student grants 


Tte outcome of lie meeting of 
t}*?. Foreign Affairs Council in 
^gMy mbouig vesterday was 
^gorabte, Mr Denis Healey, 
*™*f Opposition spokesman on 
foreign and Commonwealth Af- 
w®, told the Commons when 
ne attacked the response of the 
Jpeedng on terrorism. 
.^Although Community min- 
l9*Ss had agreed at earlier 
•rtiEciings to adopt concerted 
action against terrorism, half of 
jffle foreign ministers bad not 
bothered to turn up yesterday 
.god none of them had supported 
the. proposals by Sir Geoffrey 
Bftwe, the Secretary of State for 
Foreign and Commonwealth 

a statement on the meeting. 
-Sir Geoffrey Howe, the Foreign 
'Secretary, said he had given his 
colleagues a full briefing on the 
Hindawi case and had presented 
them with the conclusive ev- 
idence of Syrian official 

- 1 “They were both impressed 
*dnd disturbed", he told MPs. 

. •‘The Greek representative 
*epuld not associate himself with 
any measures or statement 
against Syria or the Syrian 

'.‘-“With that sole exception", 
■tfte. Foreign Secretary said, “all 
Trimisters expressed their coDec- 
■live sense of outrage that the 
agencies of a state had been 
: involved in such an incident. 

“They expressed full under- 
standing and support for the 
action we had taken. They 
undertook that no partner 
would accept as a diplomat any 
of the Syrians who had been 
expelled from London in 
connection with this case." 

The political comittee had 
been instructed to meet again on 
November 6 to continue the 
discussion. By that date, ambas- 
sadors in Damascus would have 
presented the Syrian Govern- 
ment with the evidence of what 
had taken place and would have 
reported back. 

It had been agreed to consider 
at the next ministerial meeting 
in London on November 10 the 
possibility of action on: Arms 
sales to Syria; high level visits to 
and from' Syria; the activities of 
Syrian embassies in the member 
states; and security arrange- 
ments affecting the operations 
of Syrian Arab Airlines. 

‘•Yesterday’s proceedings 
went some way, but by no 
means as far as the House would 
have wished, to send the Syrian 
Government a clear message 
that their behaviour has been 
intolerable". Sir Geoffrey Howe 


Finally. Syria was one of the 
countries for which the 
Comunity's Mediterranean 
Financial Protocols expired next 
Saturday. Renewal required 
unanimity. There could be no 
question of the UK agreeing to 
further financial assistance for 
Syria io present circumstances. 
Mr Healey welcomed particu- 
larly the agreement that the 
Palestinian inhabitants of the 
West Bank and Gaza should get 

Mr Healey, who pot pres- 
sure on Sir Geoffrey Howe. 

preferential access to Commu- 
nity markets and enjoy a new 
aid programme. 

“Beyond that, the outcome of 
the meeting was quite 
deplorable”, he told the House. 

Had any of the Community 
governments accepted the 
responsibility of protecting Brit- 
ish interests in Syria? 

The Opposition supported Sir 
Geoffrey Howe’s decision to 
impose financial and economic 
sanctions on Syria by vetoing 
any proposals tor financial aid 
from the Community. 

On South Africa, Sir Geoffrey 
Howe must have found himself 
in some difficulty in arguing 
with his colleagues that they 

Labour continues BBC 
libel case questions 

Labour MPs now believed it 
quite likely that Conservative 
Genual Office had been in- 
volved in a conspiracy. Mr 
David Winnick (Walsall North. 
Lab) said during points of order 
associated with remarks made 
outside the House by Mr Nor- 
man Tebbit about allegations of 
interference with witnesses in 
the libel case brought by two 
Conservative MPs against the 

The allegations were orig- 
inally made by Mr Dale Camp- 
bell-Savours (Workington. Lab) 
in the Commons last Thursday, 
after which Mr Tebbit. chair- 
man of the Conservative Party, 
had said he would answer them 
outside and walked out of the 

Mr Dennis Skinner (Bolsover. 
Lab) said he had been looking at 
the differences between state- 
ments made by Mr Tebbit He 
was prepared to take Mr Tebbit 
on by repeating outside the 
House what he (Mr Skinner) 
said inside iL 

But he had a problem because 
when Mr Tebbit flounced out of 
the chamber he had at first said 
that the witness approached 
Mitchell (Mr David MitchelL 

head of the legal department at 
Conservative Central Office) 
and three hours later he had 
changed it and said Mitchell 
approached the witness. 

What exactly was Mr Tebbit 
saying outside the House? 

It would not be a bad idea to 
have it said inside the House by 
Mr Tebbit in a personal state- 
ment so that MPs could chal- 
lenge him 

Hie Speaker (Mr Bernard 
Wealherill) said that he could 
not help Mr Skinner because he , 
was referring to remarks made 
outside the chamber. 

ff he wanted to find out more, 
Mr Skinner had better lake on 
Mr Tebbit. as he had said. 

Mr Winnick said it was ex- 
tremely difficult to question Mr 
Tebbit because, in his capacity 
as Chancellor of the Duchy of 
Lancaster, he only answered 
questions in the House for about 
five minutes four times a year. 
The Speaker said Parliament 
was ail about making provoc- 
ative statements. 

He was not responsible for the 
Conservative Party any more 
than he was responsible for the 
Labour or Alliance panics. This 
was not a matter for him. 


The relief you’ve^g^vbeen waiting for 

»' ■ ■ . • . . -7* SL AV'S 

should not allow commercial or 
political, national interests to 
impede concerted action on 
terrorism because the British 
Government had done precisely 
that when the Community had 
considered concerted action 
against South Africa which had 
been guilty of terrorism on a 
large scale. 

Sir Geoffrey Howe said there 
was no question of a whole 
range of commercial and eco- 
nomic sanctions against Syria 

Mr Nicholas Soawes (Crawley, 
C) said many British people 
believed that our so-called part- 
ners in the Community behaved 
yesterday in a tardy, timid and 
fatuous manner and that the 
French behaviour was 
panhmariy craven. 

Sir Geoffrey Howe shared Mr 
Sooraes’ disappointment at the 
failure to reach unanimous 

It was regrettable that the 
ministers had not been able to 
agree to a majority of measures 
but the President of France had 
said on television today that if 
proof of lerrorism existed, 
Europe's response ought to be 
total firmness. He had said, too, 
that there should be no com- 
promise with terrorism and no 
compromise with the states 
involved in h. 

“I look forward to the fulfil- 
ment of that statement”. Sir , 
Geoffrey Howe said. 

He said later that it would be 
difficult to impose a universal 
ban to prevent weapons being 
concealed in diplomatic bag- 


The Government had made 
clear its willingness, in the event 
of manifest danger to human 
life, to provide for screening of 
diplomatic baggage. To go be- 
yond that would involve 
substantial difficulties for han- 
dling diplomatic baggage for 
embassies, including Britain’s 

Mr Healey said everyone had 
been disturbed. Did the Foreign 
Secretary really mean that the 
Government did not know 
whether any other government 
would represent British interests 
in Damascus after the rupture of 
diplomatic relations? 

Sir Geoffrey Howe said Mr 
Healey was on to a good point 
but not in the way he had put it. 

“There is no problem about 
getting another government to 
represent British interests in 
Syria, but at present the nec- 
essary consent from Syria has 
not yet been forthcoming to 
that. But Mr Healey is right to 
be coucdmed about that." 

on books 
‘a priority’ 

The Government needed no 
convincing that spending on 
school books wasa priority. Mis 
Angela Rum bo Id, Minister of 
State for Education and Science, 
said during Commons ques- 
tions, adding that she hoped the 
spending proposals for 1 987-88. 
which implied an increase of 
14 per cent in planned expen- 
diture on education, would re- 
solve the problem of shortages. 

She was responding to Mr 
Geoffrey Lofthoase (Pontefract 
and Castleford. Lab), who had 
pointed out that a recent report 
by the school inspectors (HMls) 
had indicated that half of all 
primary school lessons were 
being affected by the shortage of 
books. That was a serious 
situation _ , 

Mrs Virginia Boffomtey (Surrey 
South West. C) said the pro- 
vision of books was not nec- 
essarily the key necessity for 
effective education. The inad- 
equacy with which children’s 
educational needs were identi- 
fied and the lack of management 
were more important. 

Mrs RaraboM agreed with the 

Mr Neil Kinoock, the Labour leader, was I 
National Housing and Town 1 

Ruskin’s U 

head is ~ 
called in * 

Mr John Hughes, the Principal 

of Ruskin College, Oxford, has 

been called to see Mr George 

Walden, Under-Secretary of **”??*» 5“ 

State for Education and Science, 

next Monday, it was announced .fp 5“ “ 

during Commons questions. 

RuSdn has been the centre of 
a controversy arising from the 
departure of one of its lecturers, 

Mr David Selboutne, in the ™ Vf«riL 
wake of problems that arose 
after he wrote an article in The f?" c *rrr*. 
Times in March. JJL 

Mr Walden made the an- “Jr^. 
nouncement while replying to 
Mr Eric Forth (Mid Worcester- 
shire. C), who said that many 
people were anxious to know 
what was going to happen 
Mr Walden said he shared the 
concera that had reached hint .. 
from others of recent incidents 
at Ruskin College. hfS 

“For that reason. I wrote to SrfSe'S 
the principal to ask for bis 
account ofthe events there. I 
have now received that account 
It has not reassured me. I have MhI - 
therefore asked the principal to EJr 
see me next Monday. 

“No one in this House is 
against educating trade union- 
isis, but. on the other hand, if 
that education is to be in the 
support of the intellectual 
equivalent of the closed shop, , 

and that is what the accusations 
are about then 1 think the 
taxpayer who funds the college disa ^ 0 4 
to a very large extent will expect 
dear answers to clear ques- Cambridires! 
CiOfIS. TXg.L.p— . : 

Mr Andrew Bennett (Denton ' 

and Reddish. Lab) said Ruskin 
College was striving very hard to 
protect two rights: the right of an JJ, 
individual to express his views 
and the right of other people to glance of hi 
disagree with those views. Mr 

“The college should not be 
criticized for trying to maintain 
fairness betwjw those two ftm- S^gtks. 
damental rights. «™_ _ 

Mr Walden said: “Ruskin’s 
members are not there as union 
members or socialists but as y, 

teachers or students, It is not a *rjT”‘~l v 
party school, diffusing received M r Nice! F 
opinion.” That comes from this ‘ 
week’s New Statesman and I *““3 

commend the article in ques- ofhj 

lion. ^ 

conference in Bournemouth. 

University cash 
decision soon 

An amnmctiMf abort po- 
rosity fending would be made 
soon, Mr Keanetk Baker, Sec- 
retary of State for Education and 
Science, said daring Com m o ns 
question tune. 

He did not think, he added, 
that the Opposition or the 
mi rersities themselves would be 
too disappointed by iL He had 
already anaoonced an increase 
in fmdng of £54 million next 
year for focal antbority higher 

Mr Alfred Dobs (B at tersea, 
Lab) said that despite Mr 
Bakerfs recent optimistic speech 
about the fut u re of university 
places, many vice-chancellors 
faced nothing bat ever-increas- 
ing ents in services, staff and de- 
1 partmeots. 

WoaM Mr Baker comment on 
the controversial report pub- 
lished in some newspapers yes- 
terday ; based on the Treasury 
and the Department of Educa- 
tion, which indicated that die 
crisis faring the luin e miti tes 
was even worse than had been 
poblkaliy acknowledged so for? 
Mr Baker: In the cycle of 
ftmding each year the poly- 
technics are dealt with first and 
(also) the colleges of farther 
education. 1 annoenced a 
substantial increase there of 8 
per cent I hope to he able to 
a— fee a decision on the 
universities quite soon aad I 
trust they will not be too 
disappointe d. 

Mr Clement Fiend (North East 
Cambridgeshire, L) said that 
Mr Baker, in fighting for extra 
fending, should ensure access 
was widened so that those with 
genuine ability, even if they did 
not conform to the “identikit” 
picture of a student, had a 
chance of higher education. 

Mr Baker; I want more young 
people to stay on at 18 aad go to 
colleges and pol yte c hnics and 
universities. Since 1979 there 
has been an increase in the 
number of students of 14R000 
fnfl-time and part-time home 
students. That is a thing we can 
all be very proud of indeed. 

Mr Nigel Forman (CaishaHoa 
aad Wellington, Q said Mr 
Baker’s positive approach to the 
future of higher education and 

Neglect of schools is condemned 

The poor physical slate of many 
school buildings had not sud- 
denly occurred over the past 10 
days but had sprung from 20 
years of neglect, Mr Robert 
Dunn, Under-Secretary of State 
for Education and Science, said 
during Commons questions- 

He was replying to Mr Ter- 
ence Davis (Birmingham, Hod- 
ge HilL Lab), who said that, 
according to a report from the 
school inspectors (HMls). a fifth 
of all lessons in primary and 
secondary schools were being 
adversely affected by being held 
in unsuitable accommodation. 

“Was not the minister’s com- 
placency verging on criminal 

Mr Dunn said he shared the 
concern expressed by the inspec- 
tors. Members of the Labour 
Party must take their fair share 
of responsibility. 

He said earlier that the min- 
ister had received no representa- 
tions specifically on HMls' 
findings. But he had discussed 
the repair and maintenance of 
schools in meetings with the 
local authority associations and 
in the National Economic 
Development Council 
Mr Dale CampbeB-Savoms 
(Workington, Lab) said capital 
allocations in Cumbria were so 
low that the whole educational 
service in parts of the county 
was near collapse. 

“Why doesn’t the Secretary of 
State win an argument in Cabi- 
net and get some more money 
for education?” 

Mi Dunn said, to Opposition 
laughter, that the whole ques- 
tion was about good housekeep- 
ing. Some local authorities had 
chosen in the past not to follow 
such programmes. They were 

now reaping the consequences. 
Mr Martin Flannery (Sheffield, 
Hillsborough, Lab) said there 
was not enough money from rite 
Government to make the 
schools habitable. The Govern- 
ment was helping private educa- 

Mr Dsbb said Mr Flannery 
really did not understand what ; 
was going on 

Mr Andrew Bennett (Denton | 
and Reddish, Lab) asked if it 
was not obscene that when the ( 
Government got a little extra ' 
money, it was used on city 
technology colleges rather than ; 
on desperately needed repairs : 
for schools? The Government 
should not take a DIY i 


Me Dunn said be objected to the 
way it was implied that all the 
faults had started in recent 
months. They had not. 

increased finding for mfrer- 
sities was very welcome and folly 
supported by Conservative 

Mr Baker: X welcome his sap- | 
pert I do appreciate the im- 
portance of the universities hot I 
am always anxious to point oat 
the equal importance, as I see it, 
of the polytechnics. We should 
take pride hi the fort that the 
number of first-class degrees ia 
polytechnics in 1986 is up by 
20 per cart. 

Mr G3es Radice, chief Opposi- 
tion spokesman on education: 
Does be not accept that the 
"*«»F of the repost of the 
Government's own a c co un ting 
advisers is that continual cuts iu 
fending since 1981 are br in g i n g 
many universities to the verge at 

Is it not time Chat he told the 
Prime Minister that there has 
got to be a U-tnnt in policy to 
uraiataia standards? The Gov- j 
ernment is going to have to I 
provide un iversities with more 

Mr Baker: Over the last few 
years there were changes that 
bad to be made in universities 
and I think an rides would agree 
oo Hint- There has been a 
significant in attitudes 

and in giving priority to some 
subjects over others. I hope he! 
will await the announcement I 
hope to make soon and I think 
be wfll not be toe disappointed. 
Mrs Elaine EeQett-Bowman 
(Lancaster, Q asked what 
efforts universities wire making 
to attract outside fending from 

Mr Baker: I am charged today in 
the oohmiBS of Tie Times on the 
feet that I su gg este d un i v eisiiie s 
were Ivory towers and did not 
seek support from the private 
sector. The fort that I said that 
obviously hit a raw nerve. These 
has been an increase ia private 
funding for universities over the 
last few years and we all 

Bat the amount of priva te 

just^47 > miIlioB a year — is well 
sader 1 per cent of their costs 
and compares very nn&veunhly 
with the United States. West 
Germany and France. 

of maths 
‘a worry’ 


The Government is concerned 
at the shortage of teachers of 
mathematics, science and craft 
design and technology, Mr 
Kamctii Baker, Secretary of 
State for Education and Science, 
said during Commons question 
time. He said be bad alloc ated 
£16.5 million next year in sup- 
port of in-service training for 
teachers of those subjects. 

Answering a question from 
Mr Jeremy Corayn (Islington 
North, Lab) about the latest 
estimate of the shortages, Mr 
Balter said: f n January 1986, 
local authorities in England 
reported 359 unfilled posts in 
maUun ematicg, 407 in science 
and 201 in craft design and 

Although the vacancies 
amount to only just over 1 per 
cent of posts in these subjects, 1 
am concerned about supply. 

Mr Corbyn: These figures are in 
indictment of seven years of 
Conservative government. It is 
pledged to improve the eco- 
nomic performance of this 
country, but if ft docs not 
provide sufficient numbers of 
science, maths and CDT teach- 
ers ft never can do that. 

What plans has he to end the 
process of cutbacks in univer- 
sities. polytechnics and teacher 
training institutions which is at 
the root of this problem? 

In-service training cannot 
solve the shortage caused by 
lack ofe dyiati on arwj t raining in 
universities and other such 
higher education institutions. 

Mr Baker: I have already an- 
nounced increased funding for 
polytechnics next year. I have 
increased the numbers for initial 

tfi mkw tr aining ri gnific untly by 

amounts as high as 20 per cent 
in the next throe years. 

1 refine the suggestion that the 
shortage of teachers is a recent 
problem. It goes back to the 
1940s and 1950s 
Mr Robin Corbett (Bir- 1 
m Ingham, Erdington, Lab); A 
survey of 97 secondary schools 
in the Birmingham area showed, 
about a third of maths teaching 
was bring done by those with 
either weak, or nil, paper 

Does be accept that these 
gross shortages deny proper 
opportunities to thousands of 
students to acquire these vital 
skills? Will not the establish- 
ment of the rity . technology 
colleges cream off the better 
qualified into what are likely to 
be better equipped and better 
paid jobs and make the situation 
even worse in secondary 

Mr Baker: In the first part ofhis 

? uestion he makes a good point. 

agree that, although the va- , 
cancies are only 1 per cent, this 
does mask the problem that a lot 1 
of teachers are not qualified or | 

There is no lade of opportu- 
nities. The op po rtun ities are 1 

Applications for initial train- 
ing in physics and technology 
have improved significantly 
since we announced that— in 
physics by 9 per cent and in 
craft design and technology by 
20 per cent 

Leading article, page 17 

cancer tests 

The Administration Committee 
of the House were considering 
the possibility of ad hoc on-site 
cervical cancer screening in the 
Palace of Westminster, Lady 
Tramp tHjrton. Under-Secretary 
of StatcforHealth and Social 
Security, said in reply to a 
question in the House of Lords. 
No final derision bad yet been 
taken. She understood that the 
appropriate Commons commit- 
tee would also be consulted. 

Indy Ewart-Biggs (Lab), who 
raised tbc matter, said that not 
only would women working at 
Westminster benefit but a lead 
would also be provided for 
women all over the country to 
present themselves for scre- 

Parliament today 

C omm o ns (230): Debate on 

Lords (230): Housing (Scot- 
land) Bill. Commons amend- 
ments. Public Order BUI, third 

Geoffrey Smith 

The Westland debate today 
ought to be one of the peat 
inrritt’Jentary occasions. 

This may well be the last 
major opportunity for the 
House of Commons to exam- 
ine an episode which raised 
serious issues of pnbGc policy, 

led to the resignation of two 
Cabinet ministers, provoked 
widespread criticism of tfae 
Prime Minister’s conduct of 

qnestloBS amresoived. 

But I suspect tint tbe debate 
win tmo oat to be something of 
an anti-climax, if it is, part of 
tbe reason will be the Labour 
Party’s poor par l i am e n tary 

Putting Prime 
Minister in dock 

Their principal and entirely 
legitimate purpose at this 
stage should be to put Mrs 
Thatcher herself in tbe dock. 

It is "her personal conduct 
over tire leaking oT the So&c- 
itor-GeneraTs fetter that re- 
mains the most imported 
unanswered question. Vet La- 
bour has decided not to field 
Nefl Knmocfc in tbe debate, 
which provides a good excuse 
for Mrs Thatcher herself net 
taking part 

But the main reason why the 
debate may not live op to 
expectations is that far even tfae 
most heated controversy a 
point b reached when a sense 
of war weariness sets ia. I fear 
that that point may have been 
reached with Westland. 

It might have be«B different 
had there been a full-scale 
parifomentary debate immedi- 
ately after the pubticatiau of 
the Defence Select Com- 
mittee’s report in July. Tbe 
report itself made a consid- 
erable impact But as it came 
out so near to the summer 
recess teens was not time then 
for the House to gpe it tbe 
attention ft deserved. 

Now there may be a ten- 
dency for MPs aad public 
aKke to fed that this is 
territory which has already 
been covered so many times 
before. What, it will he asked, 
is new? . 

One tinng that is new since 
Partiament rose for the snm- 
mer b the Government's re- 
sponse to tire Sel e ct Com- 
mittee, which certains the 
extr ao r dinary statement that 
“the Government proposes to 
make ft dear to rivQ servants 
gjviag evidence to select 
committees that they should 
not answer questions which 
are or appear to be directed to 
the oondnetof themselves or of 
ether named individual dvfl 

If this nrie were to be 
applied titeraHy it would 
gravely iuhrint the operations 
of select committees. It seems 
to me mere fikdy, therefore, 
that under cover of a general 
doctrine the Government is 
simply letting it be known that 
it will not aHow select cmnarit- 

i AS SEEN | mi _ _ , _ , . 

JU| New twist to Cabinet 
I spMt over education 

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■ -4*. \ tbcOBASbcd 

I _■ ■■■ J' \ ghrea correct 

|vT - _ r/T v rappon 

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'-**-*- partner, 

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” ilftiRMB relaxation 

aad relief 

jTTt Tanfc i 3r1 

By Nicholas Wood, Political Reporter 

London students paying 
£50 for poor bed-sits 

By Martin Fletcher, Political Reporter 

Years of experience 

tell ns that standard beds may not be 
right for every human body. If they 
provide excellent support for someone 
of heavy bnfld they’re most unlikely to 
suit anyone lighter. And vice versa. 
Either way, at least one partner may 
well experience aches and pains. 

What’s the answer? 

A bed from tbe Orthopaedic Bedding Advisory 

Service- A itoubt bed witirw entirely differemrypes 
of springing to suit tbc needs of each partner exactly; to 
ease them gently into the right positions to keep tbe 
spine relaxed and ffexibte to help lift (be pressure off 
he w*, muscles, tendons, nerve endings and joints. 

Who are OBAS? 

Wc are the Orthopaedic Bedding Advisory Service. 
Our surgical orthopaedic technician and our profes- 
sionally qualified consultants have been responsible 
for the design of thousands of OBAS (single and 
double) beds to specifications dictated by weight. 
Shape and medical history of each of our customers. 
The has included doctors' diagnosis, where known. 

i We are tfae experts 

All our beds are nude by craftsmen aad are in 
appearance hut like top quality ‘standard’ beds — but 
only in appearance. And we do not charge the earth — 
in fact no more than a good quality single or double 
'standard' bed. Because our teds come straight from 
our factory we are able to cut out rhe middlemen's 
profit and keep our prices down. 

If you have a back problem, if your partner » heavier 
than yon nr if ycu suffer from back pain — contact 
OBAS now. 

To &od on more with no obligation. Bm3E 
Post today (no stamp required) to OBAS, JKpT? 
Dew TT52 FK EE 5*057. 

OBAS ■ loose. London. Ei 48 R. \u.*iO| 

To ODA& 1 in mfnoccd u lacking mace ibeat 
OBAS oubpcAc brf». I osdaaad then n bo 

| uHuH OBASonbpiAtM 


1 Name f Hr. Me. Nsj 



| i-.JUSD- TTSi -*££POsT r.ElSHiE in-iPOv Elrgv" 

The Cabinet spiff over 
teachers’ pay took a new twist 
yesterday, with the Depart- 
ment of Education reacting 
angrily to reports that the 
Government is thinking of 
legislating to impose a new 
package covering salaries and 
conditions on the profession. 

Sources close to Mr 
Kenneth Baker, the Secretary 
of State for Education and 
Science, said that the sugges- 
tion floated elsewhere in 
Whitehall amounted to a “pis- 
tol to the bead” of the teacher 
unions and one that could 
scupper his hopes of getting 
his package agreed by all 
parries to the intractable 

Hopes of a voluntary settle- 
ment are pinned on a meeting 
between the unions and their 
local authority employers tire 
weekend after next 

The Baker package, which 
as disclosed in The Times 
yesterday involves big rises for 
talented and dedicated staff in 
I rerarn for a watertight con- 
I tract of employment, should he 
tabled at that meeting. 

Meanwhile, ministers and 
officials were holding three or 
four meetings a day in an 
attempt to find a way forward.. 

Whitehall sources said the 
legislation under consid- 
eration, which could be in- 
troduced in the next session of 
Parliament, could lead to a 
new framework for paying and 
managing the teaching force 
on both sides of the Border. 

The object would be to find a 
way of ensuring that teachers 
stuck to their side of the 
bargain under any settlement. 

Under it, the largely dis- 
credited Burnham system of 
determining pay levels would 
be swept away, but tbe Gov- 
ernment would not necessarily 
become the direct employer 

The Prime Minister is said 
to be determined that a deal 
worth more than £2 billion 
over several years must put an 
end to tbe sporadic disruption 
that has marred schooling for 
the past few years. 

Yesterday, in the Commons 

the Government was accused 
of “dithering” over tbe dispute 
by Mr Giles Radice, tfae 
Opposition spokesman on 

Both Mrs Thatcher and Mr 
Baker stonewalled, reiterating 
the now familiar line that they 
want to see an deal that trades 
higher pay for concessions on 

Students in London are 
paying up to £50 a week for 
substandard bed-sits with 
shared washing and lavatory 
facilities, MPs were told 

That is swallowing nearly 
half their £L246 annual grant 
with the result that an increas- 
ing number are not complet- 
ing their courses, academic 
achievement is fa ll i n g, and 
students are forgoing essential 
spending on books and food. 

The average student is 
spending £9.50 a week on 
food, nearly 40 per cent less 
than the cost of a simple diet 
recommended by the Depart- 
ment of Health and Social 
Security, and £187 on books 
and equipment compared to 
the suggested £310. 

The National Union of 
Students, giving evidence oo 
die opening day of the educa- 
tion committee's inquiry into 
the level of grants, said that 
grants had to rise by 20 per 
cent to restore them to the 
same level in real terms as in 
1 979-80. 

Miss Vicky Phillips, NUS 
president, spoke of a “Weak 
picture of decline" in the 
value of student giants and 
said that opportunities for 

supplementing the grant were 
drying up. 

An NUS survey indicated 
that 43 per cent of students 
recei ve little or nothing from 
parents who were supposed to 
be .malting a contribution, 
while prospects of part-time 
work had “degenerated en- 

In some cases students were : 
turning to their hanks for, 
overdrafts and “ending up 
quite severely in debt”. 

Miss Phillips said that 
counselling services for wor-j 
tied students were over- 1 
stretched, that half those who 
failed to finish their courses 
were giving lack of finance as a 
reason, and that London col- 
leges were alarmed at the drop 
in the number of applications. 

The committee appeared 
impressed by. the submission; 
one MP described the figures 
as “absolutely shocking” 

When Mr Roger Sims 
(Chislehujst) raised an NUS 
figure showing that 14 per 
cent of an average student’s 
grant was spent on “alcohol 
tobacco and entertainment”, 
the NUS retorted that that 
amounted to about £200 for. 
an academic year, 'or less than 
£5 a week. ’ "■ ■ 

their aril servants. 

That has happened over 
Westland for the simple rea- 
son fort there has been a 
wide sp re ad belief fort nrin- 
hters have been hiding behind 
their dvfl savants. What we 
haw bees seeing is a reversal 
of the principle of a rins tjfol 

According to this, ministers 
take responsibility for the 
deeds and misdeeds of their 
ciril servants. Daring foe 
Westland crisis named zn- 
drridnal dvfl servants haw 
been taking the Mame in 
public for what are ffmag fo to 
have been foe requirements of 

This has been most evident 
over foe SfffiritarGteneraFS 
tetter. There is a general 
snspidon fort foe dvfl ser- 
vants in fort case acted as they 
did b ecau s e they knew they 
were earning out the wishes 
dfoer of foe Prime Minister or 
Leon ftriitaa. 

Brittan took 

Mr Brittan hoaonmUy took 
responsibility for foe actions 
of his crvfl s erv an ts when he 
resigned. Mrs Thatcher, has 
never directly and folly an- 
swered the charae. 

The demands for disd- 
ptin ary^ p roceedings against 
particular cml servants woe 
mostly a ttemp ts to mmJm bn 1 
out If they were not carrying 
out her orders then they 
should be punished; aad if she 
was not prepared to punish 
them then she should admit 
that they were carrying ost her 

I doubt now if she win ever 
be forced to respond directly. 
Bat the worst of all worlds 

case to become tfae reason for a 
bad law. 

£ ptoswdiy sms 

prised if foe Home today 
manages effectively to can foe 
Government to wra—t over 
. WesthuuL -Bat at win. 

bets sbffaU. make it dear that 
they intend fo safeguard foe 

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M25 motorway 

Last section of £lbn 
ring road opens 11 

•w — g*J 1 - 

years after go-ahead 

By Rodney Cowtoo^Tnusport Correspowient 

Master wifl world, and built at a cost of ingnp to 114,000 between the 
final tftretch of almost £1 billion. ' 

ai k j Yet it remains cont rove r sia l 

Al. Lond on \wll thus gain a 

rin 8 703x5 more 

than 80 years after it was first 
recommended by a royal 

. Those who do a celebration 
^retitj of the motorway in the 
days should see it at 
its best, for yesterday it was 
reponed to be free of all 
roadworks., apart from one 
“*} e closure near South 
Minims, which should be 
open again today. 

The M25 emerged from 
VJJJB controversies in the 
1 960s and 1 970s* which envis- 
aged London having up to 
three or even four concentric 
circles of ring roads, and today 
it remains the most controver- 
sial road in the country. 

It was Dr John Gilbert in 
1 975, Minister of Transport in 
the Labour government, who 
finally ended the controver- 
sies about the number of 
roads, by ruling that there 
should be a single motorway 
around London, between 20 
and 30 kilometres out from 
Charing Cross. Eleven years 
later the M25 has emerged, 
117 miles of it forming the 
longest urban ring road in the 

although it is already a boon 
for much traffic, offering 
routes to the west and east of 
London and to the Channel 

Hundreds of thousands of 
trees and shrubs have been 
planted and vasKjuantities of 
earth moved to ensure that it 
damages as little as possible of 
the Green Belt through which 
much of it runs. 

A widespread attitude is 
summed up by Mr Gariy 
Turvey, director-general of the 
Preigbt Transport Associ- 
ation, who said the comple- 
tion of (he motorway was an 
historic day fra British trans- 
port, and one for which they 
had waited 40 years. But, he 
said, the M25 would have 
been better able to cope with' 
the traffic flows of the 1960s 
than of the late 1980s. Never- 
theless, it was £1 billion well, 

The fundamental criticism 
is that traffic volumes in some 
areas are already putting pres- 
sure on the M25. Critics point 
to six sections where official 
statistics show that in June 
traffic amounted to more than 
90,000 vehicles a day, reach- 

Charity head in 
expenses dispute 

A three-year power struggle 
within War on Want; an 
international aid charity with 
links to the Labour Party, has 
surfaced with allegations 
about the expenses claimed by 
its successful and conspicuous 

Mr George Galloway, the 
prospective Labour candidate 
for the marginal seat of Glas- . 

r Hillhead, presently held 
the SDP by Mr Roy 
Jenkins, has increased War on 
Want's income sevenfold 
since he was appointed its 
head in 1983. 

But his assertive style and 
forcing through of drastic 
changes in management have 
caused a rift within the radical 
charity, which formerly had 
an egalitarian structure 
whereby all tasks were shared 
between the staff 
Now some members of (be 
charity's manageme nt council 
have asked fra the audit of its 
1985-86 accounts lb be ex- 
tended for closer scrutiny of 
Mr Galloway’s travel and 
entertaining expenses, under- 
stood to come to £21,000. 

Mr Galloway, aged 32, who 
in three years has taken War 
on Want from 64th to 21st in 
the list of British charities in 
teems of income, yesterday 

angrily refuted the allegations, 
calling them “scurrilous and 

He was dire to confront his 
accusers last night at a meeting 
of the charity’s management 

Mr Galloway has denied 
that he deliberately sought out 
top hotels, saying: “The hotels 
I stay at in the Third World 
are already foil of aid officials 
and journalists. The reason is 
that both they and I need to be 
in a hotel where one is in 
contact with the world out- 
side, by phone and telex. ” 

. He said that during the 18- 
month period under review he 
had visited IS countries 
including India, Pakistan, 
Bangladesh, Israel, Nicaragua, 
Costa Rica and Thailand . 

He denied that his Ameri- 
can Express card had been 
withdrawn by the charity.** All 
credit cards are not being used 
fra (he duration of the audit, 
he said. 

Mr Galloway said of the 
audit “L am completely con- 
fident that L will be vindicated 
by it." 

War on Want was founded 
in 1951 by publisher Victor 
Gollancz and Mr Harold Wil- 
son, now Lord Wilson of 

‘I killed 



Kenneth Marcheni yes- 
terday told a jury at Bristol 
Grown Court how he killed bis 
lover's estranged husband, but 
claimed it was self-defence. 

Mr Marchent, aged 35, is 
accused of murdering David 
Parnell and burying him in a 
concrete coffin in the back 

He said that his lover. Mrs 
Sheila Parnell, stopped him 
surrendering to police. 

Mr Marchent told how he 
went to the house in Elm Tree 
Avenue, Mangotsfield, Bris- 
tol, which he shared with Mrs 
Parnell, to find her arguing 
with bra husband. 

He said: “As I opened the 
kitchen door Mr Parnell got 
up and went for Sheila — he 
grabbed her arm. I pulled him 

“I asked Sheila what was 
going on but she said, ‘Watch 
out' and when I turned round, 
David was on me. He hit me 
on the side of the head.” 

Mr Marchent said Ire 
remembered foiling on to the 
table, and the next thing he 
knew he was kneeling beside 
Mr Pameirs body with a 
hammer near by. 

He said: “1 have no recollec- 
tion of taking up the hammer 
or of striking Wows on Mr 
Parnell but I accept I must 
have done. I thought David 

was going to kill us when 1 saw 

him going to Sheila.” 

The trial continues today. 

Student ‘a 



A student who daimed to 
have comforted a woman as 
she lay dying from more than 
fifty stab wounds in a car park 
went on trial yesterday ac- 
cused of her murder. 

Hereford Grown Court was 
told that (he lolling of Mrs 
Carol Martin was “ruthless, 
bloody and ferocious” and 
that the man responsible had 
tried to hide his deed by 
posing as a good Samaritan. 

Stuart Hopkins, aged 19, of 
Rush Lane, Churchill, 
Reddilch. Worcestershire, de- 
nied murdering Mrs Martin, 
aged 38, in February as she 
retained to her car in King- 
fisher shopping centre. 

Mr Anthony Palmer QC. for 
tire prosecution, said tod the 
arrival of a couple driving out 
of the car park prevented Mr 
Hopkins from escaping. 

“He went through an elabo- 
rate charade of pretending to 
be a good Samaritan who bad 
come across the injured 
woman and was comforting 
her as she lay dying.” 

One of tire defendant’s 
fingerprints was discovered on 
the blade of the murder 
weapon found in a culvert 
outside the car park, but he 
told police be had found the 
knife al the scene, handled it 
without thinking and thrown 
it away in panic, Mr Palmer 

The case was adjourned 
until today. 

Video Lisa poised to 
be shoppers’ adviser 

By Keith Bindley 

Computer-linked video dis- 
play nmts are about to take 
over front roving sales assis- 
tants in providing directions 
and information in high street 

Littiewoods* the store, man 
order and pools organization 
yesterday launched Lisa (Iit- 
ttavoods Instant Shopping 
Adviser), which, can proride 
instant information on a 
store's goods. 

ilea is to be tested at 
department stores hi Cardiff , 
Luton and Aberdeen before 
used flaongboot Britain 
next spring, easterners wffl 

choose the items they are 
seeking on a keyboard and 
obtain printed details on the 

Mr Desmond Pitcher, lit- 
tlewoods' chief executive, said: 
“Interactive television, has an 
important role to play in the 
future of retailing. Lisa has a 
future, not only in stores bat 
also in catalogue shops, of- 
fices, shopping centres and 
eventually the home.” 

While lisa can also record 
orders for home delivery, store 
managers will be able to 
increase prices at (be toaefc of 
al ' 


M3 and Heathrow. This com- 
pares with the usual design 
capacity of a three-lane motor- 
way of about 80,000. 

These criticisms have al- 
ready been partially acknowl- 
edged by the Department of 
Transport with its decision to 
upgrade' sections south of 
Heathrow where provision 
had been made in the original ■ 
construction to make it easy to 
add a fourth lane. At the 
Dartfbrd Tunnel the number 
of toll booths has been dou- 
bled from 12 to 24 to copei 
with demand. 

The Department of Trans- 
prat is, however, very firm in 
saying that there is no ev- 
idence that tire road as a whole 
has too little capacity. The 
statistics show that on 12 out 
of28 sections vehicle flows arc 
between 50,000 and 70,000 a' 

What appears to have hap- 
’ is that there was a 
to recognize how much 
traffic the M25 would itself 
generate, and bow much peo- 
ple would use it for local 
journeys, travelling a short 
distance along the M25 rather 
than using minor roads. That, 
nrinisters say, merely means 
that it is a victim of its success. 

Marks onr 
were not 

Mrs Edwioa Carrie, Under Secretary of State for Health, inspects a tine-op of nurses from the past at the Imperial War 
Masemn in London yesterday. Members of rite Queen Alexandra's Royal Army Nursing Corps modelled Emiforms from the 
Boer War to the present to mark the pobticathm The Maturing Son by Angela Bolton, an accoant of her service with the 
corps in India daring the Second World War (Photograph: Peter Trievnor). 

Decaying barns spoil beauty of landscapes 

By John Young 
National Park authorities 
are concerned that thousands 
of traditional builffings, which 
form part of die character and 
appearance of the parks, are 
foiling into decay because of 
lack of funds for their 


The issue is highlighted in 
the latest issue of National' 

Parks Today \ published by the 
Countryside Commission, 
which points out that there 
arc, for example, more than 
3,000 stone barns scattered 
across the Yorkshire Dales, 
which have become redun- 
dant as a result of changes in 
forming methods. 

Since few of them are listed, 
they enjoy no protection, but 

their loss would drastically 
alter the appearance of the 
whole park. 

Conventions to holiday cot- 
tages, second homes and tour- 
ist shops are popular 
alternative uses. 

At present the park authori- 
ties spend less than 10 per 
cent of their budget on build- 

ings, and are seeking addi- 
tional government funds. 

Professor John Tarn, chair- 
man of the Peak National 
Park planning control 
committee, said: “A landscape 
with ruined buildings, 
wrecked by ignorance or lack 
of imaginative re-use, would 
be a sad legacy from this 

Social workers failed to 
check if marks on Tyra 
Henry’s body, seen 18 months 
before she was killed by her 
father, were bruises or birth- 
marks, an inquiry into her 
death was told yesterday. 

Miss Elizabeth Lawson, 
counsel for the inquiry panel, 
said that Mrs Avolp 
P alethorpe, a Lambeth social 
worker, reported that a mask 
on the child's bottom “looked 
like a bruise”. 

Tyra, aged 21 months, vifes 
beaten to death in September 
1 984 by Andrew NeiL aged 52, 
of Bonham Road, Brixtou, 
south London, who is serving 
life for murder. 

Mrs Palethorpe reported ibe 
marks to a case conference ip 
January 1 983 but there was Ho 
record of any birthmarks 
when the child was bom. Miss 
Lawson said: “There is noth- 
ing to suggest that the dis- 
crepancy was followed up”- 

Miss Lawson said that Mys 
Palethorpe stopped visits lb 
the child's home sev^p 
months before the girl was 
killed and the social services 
department did not monitor 
contact between the child and 

Miss Lawson said that frrap 
February 1984, the arrange' 
meat was that Tyra would 
visit the soda! worker's office 
with her mother by 

The hearing was adjourned 
until today. 











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Health courts 
proposal finds 
no favour with 
family doctors 

By Jill Sherman 

Family doctors and dentists would t 
have criticized government mi non t 
proposals to formalize patient advanta 
complaints procedures by in- would 
traducing legal processes and examim 
professional advocacy. “It is 

In its consultative docu- family 
ment on complaints investiga- tees are 
tion procedures the Go- Nations 
vemment proposes that ser- ice,” 1 
vice committees made up of James, » 
laymen and professionals who eral E> 
now process complaints, sh- mittee, i 
otrid be given i^gai powers to The 
summon witnesses and exam- present 
ine documents. was the 

It also proposes changing condusi 
existing regulations so that Dr D: 
paid advocates could repre- ber of 
sent complainants and res- Associa 
pondents, or patients could be cal Sen 
represented by a repre- ich repr 
sentative of the local commu- also reji 
nity health council. invest s 

But at the fifth consultative with ih< 
meeting on primary health Jaw. “W 
care at the DHSS yesterday any fun 
doctors, dentists and family slope tc 
practitioner committees re- system, 
jected the proposals for legal tors; a s 
trappings which they said separate 
amount to a quasi-judicial courts; i 
system. deny a 

The Society of Family Prao- proteciii 
titioner Committees favoured citizens' 
the retention of the present The ( 

informal procedure and said vices C 
advice could be provided by rejected 
either members or officers. time lim 
The British Dental Associ- plaints 
atioo, also giving evidence, from eij 
claimed that the introduction that pati 
of articulate skilled advocates complai: 

would mitigate against ethnic 
minorities and socially dis- 
advantagedgroups, since they 
would sutler under cross- 

“It is vitally important that 
family practitioner commit- 
tees are never seen to be the 
National Health Service pol- 
ice,” Mr David Watson 
James, chairman of the Gen- 
eral Dental Services Com- 
mittee, said. 

The main feet or in the 
present complaints procedure 
was the delay in reaching any 
conclusion, be said. 

Dr David Williams, a mem- 
ber of the British Medical 
Association's General Medi- 
cal Services Committee, wh- 
ich represents family doctors, 
also rejected the proposal to 
invest a domestic committee 
with the mantle of a court of 
Jaw. “We do not wish to go 
any further down the slippery 
slope towards a special legal 
system, set up to judge doc- 
tors; a system parallel to, and 
separate from, the ordinary 
courts; a system which would 
deny accused doctors the 
protection given to other 

The Genera] Medical Ser- 
vices Committee has also 
rejected proposals that the 
time limit for submitting com- 
plaints should be extended 
from eight to 13 weeks and 
that patients should be able to 
complain oral Jy. 

Final wish 
of lover 
took home 

Horace Snell's parting gift , 
to the elderly mistress who 
brought happiness to Ms final 
years was an order to get out of 
the home they shared. 

And yesterday the mistress, 
Mrs Charlotte Kell, aged 73, 
who challenged the danse in 
her lover's will was also landed 
with a £10,000 bill for legal 

Sir John Arnold, president 
of the High Court Family 
Division, made the costs order 
because Mrs Kell had reluc- 
tantly abandoned her court 

He coakl offer her only 
sympathy because “Kke so 
many other people she was 
tumble to sustain the trauma of 
litigation”. But the “melan- 
choly situation” should not be 
financed by Mr SoelFs three 
daughters who had fought the 
action. the mdse said. 

The wfflofMr SoeH, who 
died in 1983 aged 75, gave 
Mrs Kell permission In stay on 
at the home they shared in 
Darlington Gardens, 
Southampton, Hampshire, for 
jast six months after his death 
and then take “as ranch 
fhm hn re as she reasonably 
needed to set np home”. She 
launched the com! action to 
ask for more. Sir John said. 

But after opposition from 
Mr Snell's daughters, Mrs 
Barbara Stnrgess, of Abbey 
Hill Close, Winchester, Mis 
Elizabeth Gibson, of Caring 
Lane, Maidstone, Kent, and 
Mrs Kathl een Limonta, who 
lives in Italy, Mrs Kell aban- 
doned her daim. 

She finally moved out and 
now fives at Merry Oak Road, 
Bitlerne, Southampton. 

-V. Z 

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Ulster Fry 
takes a 
on health 

By Richard Ford 

The national dish of North- 
ern Ireland took a pounding 
yesterday and a campaign was 
bundled to improve the 
health of the provinces 
population and reduce^ the 
record numbers dying nom 
heart attacks. 

The Ulster Fry, known as a 
“heart attack on a plate”, vias 
described as a killer by ■ 
professor who dlsdosed that 
the province and Scotland 
topped the world league for 
the number of deaths from 
heart attacks. . 

Professor Geoffrey Rose, of 
the London School of Hygiene 
and Tropical Medicine, urged 
people to reduce their intake 
of animal fats by 25 per cent; 
eat more cereals, vegetables 

Mr John Pletts and his wife, Margaret, watch their daughter, Ms 

miniature MG TCs at Barnard 

i five, and 

son, Adam, aged eight, test drive 

Satellites paying their way 

Satellites and spacecraft are 
daily providing vital evidence 
about the weather, mineral 
deposits, farming, ocean cur- 
rents and even secret military 
bases, according to Dr John 
Houghton, of the Meteo- 
rological Office in Bracknell, 

Speaking last night at the 
RoyaJ Society in London, Dr 
Houghton said that scanning 
the earth from space would be 
an important growth area in 
the next decade. 

A quarter of a century after 
the launch of tbe first weather 

By Kefith HSztdley 
satellite, accurate forecasts 
were now routine worldwide 
thanks to photographs mb™ 
by spacecraft Meteorology 
was the first subject where the 
cost of satellites could be 
justified by the benefits they 

By recording images in care- 
fully chosen colours, or by 
combining several different 
colours, scientists could focus 
on a particular aspect of the 

All this information would 
remain gobbledegook without 
the equipment to process it. 

Dr Houghton said. The British 
National Space Centre re- 
cently took charge of the 
National Remote Sensing 
Centre at Famborough in 
Hampshire and planned to 
develop ways of analysing raw 
data to provide valuable re- 
sults for companies and 

“One thing is dear,” he 
said. “With 100 British com- 
panies already using satellite 
images, the potential value of 
remote sensing data now fully 
justifies further spending on 

MGs roar 
again in 

By Ian Smith 
Tbe roar of the MG TC 



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Boots for calculators, typewriters and pens. You can’t buy cheaper. 

firylanes at breakneck speed, 
wind fa g gin g at the hair. Bat 
now, a model- aircraft maker 
has turned that nostalgia for 
the 1940s into 1986 reality. 

Mr John Pletts has pro- 
duced a replica of the original 
open-top sports car which, 
looks and sounds exactly like 
its famous predecessor; except 
the updated version is only 
half the size and costs nearly 
10 times as ranch. 

The £5,000 model is being 
built in a small workshop 
outside the home of Mr Ptetts, 
aged 43, in Barnard Castle, Co 
Durham. Stretching 69 inches 
from al mrnnh m bonnet to 
boot, the fibreglass and non- 
ferrous metal body and chassis 
is 28 todies wide and 26 inches 
high with a pan-down wind- 
screen and d&spofce racing 
wheels, just like toe original. 

An instrument pond is 
mounted on to the polished 
wood dashboard and young 
driver and passenger are able 
to sink into toe horary of 
snaalated leather upholstery. 

Powered by 12-volt battery, 
the TC reaches only 7mph but 
a sophisticated sound general- 
tog unit and foot pressed hard 
on the accelerator reproduces 
the same throaty roar as the 
original drivers heard as they 
raced through foor gear 

The model has headlights; 
tail and brake lights and is 
perfect down to every last 
detail. Accuracy was achieved 
by months of sketching and 
measuring by Mr Pletts of an 
original MG TC on display at 
the Antomobilia Exhibition in 
Hebden Bridge, Yorkshsn. 

eat more cereals, vegetables 
and fruit; take less salt; stop 
smoking and do more exercise 
as a way of reducing tbe risk of 
heart disease. 

Tbe Ulster Fry -bacon, 
egg. tomato, sausage, potato 
and soda bread — is a popular 
item in the diet of many 
people in the province. 

Six. thousand people a year 
die from heart attacks there 
and a further 2,000 from 
strokes, accounting for 50 per- 
cent of all deaths annually in 

Professor Rose said of the 
fry; “It would make me fed a 
bit sick first thing in tbe 
morning. It is that kind of 
food 1 no longer have any 
desire for. It is a killer and has 
got to go.” 

He criticized central gov- 
ernment for continuing to 
support tobacco promotion 
ana milk subsidy and for 
reducing school meals, as they 
made it more difficult to 
change people's habits. 

He added that it was only 
through growing public aware- 
ness and support for healthier 
eating habits that government 
ministers would become more 
concerned with the problem. 

The Government is spend- 
ing £200,000 to launch the 
“Change of Heart” campaign, 
which it hopes will persuade 
the province to improve its 
eating and exercising habits 
and show more concern for 

Mr Tom King, Secretary of 
State for Northern Ireland, 
said: “Northern Ireland has 
almost the worst record in the 
world for earfy death from 
heart disease and it is one 
record we are determined to 
lose. ~ 

“It is a- major challenge to 
every person in the province 
as we have a very poor record 
.of mortality.” 

Cancer grant 

Mr Marie Robinson, Under 
Secretary of Slate for Wales, 
yesterday announced the 
allocation of £400,000 a year 
for cervical cancer screening 
in. Wales. Most of the money 
wfll be spent cm equipment 

School governors: 3 

No easy route to a 
true partnership 

In a final article on the new Education Act . Mark 
Dowd, Education Reporter, looks ahead to some of the 
possible difficulties in implementing the new legisla- 
tion affecting the way in which schools are governed. 

Apply for your Boots Charge Card ww. APR 29 .& (Direct Debiu 34. i’. tOthfrt - Variable. 

■. .<° if ■ M V'?|> ft. 41!. W* ■ 

It is all very well to make 
provision for increased num- 
bers of parent governors, but 
the sceptics say, whathappens 
if insufficient numbers come 
forward to fill the vacancies? 

Some schools find it impos- 
sible to fill even one parent 
governor’s position — a diffi- 
culty winch frequently results 
in the head teacher calling on a 
parent ofhis choice to plug the 

Q early the onus is on toe 
local education authority and 
the school to engage in a bard 
sell promoting toe attractions 
of this civic responsibility. 
This will require an end to the 
jargon surrounding the de- 
scription of the governing 
body's tasks and duties. 

The impression of the par- 
ent governor’s role which 
probably still occupies most 
parents' minds is that they are 
there to comment upon the 
routine aspects of school life: 
medals for toe school sports' 
gala, toe state of toe school 
lavatories and the dangers of 
allowing dogs in the play- 

If candidates are to come 
rushing forward, tins -is a - 
notion that has to be firmly 
laid to rest. 

However, if toe new law is 
heralding toe inexorable rise . 
of real parent power, it will 
inevitably provoke jealousies 
and suspicions among three 
who have so far had things 
largely their own way. 

Many teachers note that the 
original Bffi, mtroduced while 
the industrial dispute was still 

raging, does Homing to in- 
crease their representation on . 
governing bodies. So much for 
toe talk of partnership, they 
say. • _ 

Indeed, if governing bodies 
are to lay greater ctons than 
ever before to be repre- 
sentative oflocal opinion, it 
may put them on a coUisibh 
course with local authorities. 

An example is -the; recent - 

case of Newnham Croft Pri- 

maxy School in Cambridge. 
Erected in 1915, toe school is 
unmod cruized, with prefabs 
comprising 60 per cent of the 
property.' After a concerted 
campaign by the school gov- 
ernors, Cambridge County 
Council finally agreed in 
November 1985 to replace its 
dilapidated buildings. 

However, members of the 
governing body are far from 
overjoyed, as the council is 
planning to, sell off tbe old 
school site and build a replace- 
ment on part of the present 
playing area — an alternative 
whidi the governors say will 
be cramped and noisy. 

Mrs Jean Glasberg, chair- 
man of toe governors, accuses 
the local education committee 
of by-passing them arid 'refitt- 
ing to consider their opinions 
on die issue. 

Mrs Eleanor Jones, who has 
been a school governor for six 
years, says toe is sure tbe 
council did not even consider 
toe governing body's working 
paper, which recommended 
renovation of the school on 
toe existing rite. 

She thinks the councO is as 
motivated by the prospect of 
the cash that will come in 
from the sale of the land as by 
educational priorities. 

“What is the point ofhaving 
governors if they win not even 
listen to us?” she asks. 

The most - noteworthy as- 
pect of the affair is that 10 of 
tbe 13 governors are parents — 
a considerable departure from 
the norm. Many of them came 
forward and were sub- 
sequently nominated by 
political parties on the local 

Although it is hard to see - 
this pattern’ being repeated 
nationally, this Utile cameo 
offers an insight into what- 
may happen in some regions 
as a result of ihe new legisla- 
tion: ‘ It ’promises to be a • 
fascinating and painful dc- 
-vetopmenL * . 

At that 
/sard toe 



Whitehall under fire for ‘arrogance’ 


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*m mw. f: 

i^afcL'Mra ‘ 1 

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in Shia kidnap 

^^official National News Agency said the aohfien 
ne ^ the town of Mashghara in the Syrian-co»- 

tohwebfl^t 8 emtanr * ss, ^ fe 

a froni Mhsfcgtta said Syriaa Anny troops in 

can were combing the area for the soldiers. The 
Ambers at a joint Syrian-Lehanese Anny 

rhJiu? !L forci 8 ner s have been kidnapped n Lebanen in 
™S1?L 0 3 S e ^? > **■* *he soldiers are the first Syrians re- 
*® he heM hostaoe Iiv nmJran mlK tanh. 



_ Boon — a bomb eqriO’ 
aw at the headquarters of 
Lo nhan sa in Cologne, 
which damaged some of- 

was later claimed by the 
teintioMiy Cells teriur- 
ist grasp (John fa gfarf 

In West Berlin, Herr 
Harald HeUenberg, aged 
54, chief of the AEssas 
Afiairs Department, was 
shot in the legs when he 
was attac k ed by two men as 
he left his bourn. 

Jews are 

Warsaw (AP) — Five 
Soviet Jews arrested on 
■ Saturday outside the mam 
Moscow synagogae have 
been released after officials 
of the World Jewish Con- 
gress Intervened, Mr 
Henry Stegmaa, the exec* 
Mbe director of the con- 

The fibre were In a crowd 
of Jews at the spagoge 
daring an e v e ni ng cefebra- 
tion attended by Mr £Ue 
Wiesd, the Nobd Peace 

Iraq PoW offer 

Baghdad (Renter) — Iraq has proposed an overall 
exchange of prisoners of war with Iran, arranged by the 
International Committee of tire Red Cross and the United 
Nations, the Foreign Minister, Mr Tareq Aziz, said. Red 
Cross sources here Iran hnM« more 

75,000 Iraqi PoWs and Iraq 50JM6 Immawe. 



Yokohama (AFP) — 
Japan’s last factory ship 
has left here on its final 
Antarctic whaling hwrf. 

The 23,008-ton Nisshm 
Main No-3 and four whale 
chasera from Shmmosdd 
in western Japan plan to 
catch 1^42 minke whales, 
the same number as in the 
previous season, raider an 
agreement with tire Inter- 
national Whaling Comm- 

to leave 

Vienna — Austria with- 
drew its anth—— dWT to 
Israel yesterday in a move 
widely seen as retaliation 
for Israel's decision earKer 
this month not to replace 
its rething ambassador in 
Vienna immediately (Rich- 
ard Barnett writes). 

The decision by Israel 
was prompted by the elec- 
tion in Jane of Dr Knrt 
Waldheim as President of 

Teacher accused 

Mranch (Renter) — Herr Wolfgang Kraetzi, aged 55* a 
Mmacii teacher in custody accused of shoeing dead one 
youth and wmmding another as they tried to break htin a 
car, win lace charges of manslanghter and 
minder, justice officials said. 

Defector calls on West 
to isolate Mengistu 

From Paul Vallely 
New York 

A call for a change in the 
policy 'of Western govern*: 
raents towards the Marxist 
regime in Ethiopia has been 
made fay one of the country’s 
leading defectors. 

Together with the resigna- 
tion of the regime’s Foreign 
Minister, Mr Goshu Wolde, at 
the United Nations here on 
Monday, it demonstrates new 
levels of disenchantment 
among moderate members of 
the Ethiopian socialist 
establishment who are op- 
posed to the increasingly doc- 
trinaire authoritarianism of 
the pro-Soviet Government. 

The demand that the West 
should now get tough with the 
Ethiopian leader, _ Colonel 
Mengistu Haile Mariam, came 
from the former Commis- 
sioner of Relief and Re- 
habilitation, Mr Dawit Wolde 
Giorgis, who defected to the 
United States last year. 

After giving examples of the 
regime’s callousness towards 

Mr Goshu: DisUhtsmomeat 
with Addis Ababa policies, 
the famine victims, Mr Dawit 
called on the US and other 
governments to issue a forth- 
right condemnation of the 
Mengistu dictatorship. 

“The West is trying to read 
between the lines or certain 
government statements. But 
in current Ethiopian politics 
there are no messages between 
the lines,” he said. He also 
called for economic sanctions 
by the West 

Aid 'fin 1 a tyrant, page 16 

EEC snub on Syria angers Britain 

FVoni Richard Owen 

As FFr officials digested 

Britain over sanctions against 
Syria, there was criticism of 
“precipita te ” British behav- 
iour, matched on the British 
side by anger at the laid; of 
anything much except moral 
support and sympathy from 
hs partners. 

The only agreed moves are 
the btackhsting .of Syrian dip- 
lomats expelled from London 
and the presentation to 
Damascus of British evidence 
of Syrian involvement in 

KRP rfrrJmnatc . mni ptoiiuvi - 

that Britain had acted “either 
arrogantly or naively” in ty- 
ing to pul pressure on its EEC 
partners at a meeting from 
which six out of 12 foreign 
ministers were absent 
Herr Hans-Dietrich Gen- 
scher ofWest Germany and M 
Jean-Bernard Raimond of 
Fiance had to be contacted 
urgently at the Frankfurt op- 
era, where they were enjoying 
a Franco-German “cultural 

There were fears that “this 
sort of episode” would re- 
inforce Mis Thatcher’s scep- 
ticism about the EEC and 
undermine the for thcoming 
London EEC summit. 

But Dutch, Belgian and 
other officials said there was 
stQl hope that the EEC would 
adopt some of the measures 
Sir Geoffrey Howe tried un- 
successfully to have adopted 
at Luxembourg on Monday. 

The next op p ort u n i ty will 
be the foreign ministers’ meet- 
ing in London on November 
10, by which time the Europe- 
ans will have been able to 
digest tbe evidence gathered 
by Britain of Syrian govern- 
ment complicity in terrorism. 

The mam obstacle to agree- < 
meat remains Greece* which 
argues that Britain’s evidence 
is inconclusive and that Syria 
holds the key to a Middle East 

Both Mr Leo Tindemans, 
tiie Belgian Foreign Minister, 
and Mr Hans van den Broek, i 

The Syrian 
the Dutch Foreign Minister, 
shared Sir Geoffrey's dis- 
appointment as they emerged 
wearily from the confidential 
session hue on Monday. They 
and other ministers — wniiw* 
Mr Theodoras Rangalos, the 
formidable Greek minister for 
EEC affairs — found Sir 
Geoffrey’s dossier of evidence 

Some EEC states wifi sup- 
port Britain’s demand for a 
freeze on EEC aid to Syria as 
well as an arms embarg o, a 
ban on high-level exchanges 
and surveillance of Synan 

Setback in UK defeat 

finks likely 

From A Correspondent 

The Greek refusal to join 
the EEC in condemning Syria 
conforms to the policy of the 
Prime Minister Mr Andreas 
Papandreou, of not blaming 
any country for international 
ter rorism , and hi g hli g hts the 
Socialist Government’s ties 
with radical Arab states. 

Observers said the Greek 
stand may set back recent 
efforts at rapprochement noth 
the United States. 

But the decision is in fine 
with analysts* predictions that 
Mr Papandreou would revive 
an anti-Western foreign policy 
in an attempt to win back 
disgruntled left-wingers who 
did not back, his PanheUcnic 
Socialist Movement in local 
elections this month. 

It was the second time this 
year that Greece had thwarted 
united EEC action against an 
Arab country allegedly in- 
volved in terrorist activities. 
In April, Greece refused to 
implement EEC diplomatic 
sanctions against Libya. 

Three months later, though, 
the Government said Libya 
was reducing its diplomatic 
mission in Athens by two- 
thirds, a move diplomats said 
was intended to mollify 
Greece’s Western allies. 

Greek ties with Syria are 
considered even closer than 
with Libya. 

claim by 

By Nicholas Beestoo. 

Syria claimed yesterday that 
Britain had suffered a damag- 
ing vote of no-confidence 
from the EEC countries when 
they failed to disriptine 

“European public opinion 
refused to be dragged nehinfl 
the falsehoods ofthe British 
government at the Luxem- 
bourg .meeting,” Damascus 
radio announced. “Britain 
was exposed to trig political 
defeat and frustration.” 

A Syrian diplomatic source 
in London said the European 
decision had “completely 
vindicated” Syria. 

The source added that the 
decision would serve to^polar- 
ize Britain's position m the 
Middle East because it was no 
longer represented in key 
hard-line states such as Libya, 
Iran and now Syria. 

Damascus radio claimed 
that tiie government had 
joined the “American-Zionist 

Meanwhile Syrian Embassy 
staff were packing. up yes- 
terday to meet the Friday 
expulsion deadline. 

t AMMAN: Jordan and 
North Yemen said that the rift 
between Syria and Britain 
would set back the search for 
lasting peace fry creating fur- 
ther tension in the region 
(Reuter reports). 

Leaders of Egyptian railmen freed 

Government too scared to try strikers 

From Robert Fisk ’ 

Almost four months after, 
they were imprisoned format- 
ing an 'unprecedented and 
chaotic strike on the country's 
railway system, 37 Egyptian 
engine drivers, guards and 
other staff have bet* quietly 
released by a Goverumeat that 
seems too frightened to put 
them ou triaL 

It took the Cairo opposition 
paper .4/ Akrar to reveal this 
week that the men, who had 
been accused of fbmeutiBg the 
stoppage throughout the coun- 
try's railway system, had beret 
freed without bail from their 
“temporary prison” and that 
bo date had been set for a 
future court bearing. 

Railway staff are the her- 
itors of a lore and proud 
tradition of efficiency in an 
otherwise hopelessly ineff- 
icient industrial nation and are 
among the best-paid workers 
in Egypt. 

Their sudden strike on July . 
2, which left up to a adOton 
people stranded ou their way 
home from work, deeply 
shocked the GoverranenL If 
well-paid employees Eke nO- 
waymen could be dissatisfied 
with their conditions, it was 
asked, what would happen 

Mr Mohamed d-Moray , 
the dtaiiman of Egyptian state 
railways, is himself a former 
staff worker — he was a steam 
locomotive boiler enginee r in. 
the Abu Zabal workshops 

when he started ou the raff- 
ways 30 yean ago — and 
believes firmly in the tra- 
ditions of timekeeping ou has 

Indeed, his onto" office walls 
at Ramses Street station con- 
tain bo fewer than 18 cal- 
endars, three for 1985* one for 
1984* and almost all ffhm- 
trated with pamtmgs iff steam 
and diesel locomotives cross- 
ing viaduc t s, entering tunnels 
and pulling into incredibly 
neat provincial Egyptian sta- 

Mr ri-Mocsy can check the 
punctuality of aO the Mg 
expresses into Ramses Street 
because his entire office gently 
shakes every time a train 
arrives or departs below him. ‘ 

“We hare a long history and 
many traditions,” he says. 
“Every one of our employees 
feels the railways are Us 
home. Each man is pleased 
whea he knows the trams are 
nulling on tune.” 

Mr et-Msnsy is right Hjs 
nutwaymen are aming the 
most co ur teous and hard- 
working Egyptians, albeit 
kfajtriiag on a rail system 
whose 4*600 kffometres (2£75 
miles) of track is badly in need 

of TUf wuKrt nBhig and whose 

raffing stock of more than 
1,000 loc om otives has still to 
be modernized under a five- 

The reasons for this are stiH 
evident among the dust- 
covered exhibits in the neg- 
lected railway museum which 

lies to a filthy street not hr 
from Mr d-Mony*s office. 

Inside, the rare visitors caa 
find preserved the Khedive 
IsmaSTs personal train, still in 
its golden livery. A steam 
locomotive still dis- 

plays the worn brass plaques 
of its Victorias makers. “En- 
gine No 1295,” says ore, 
“Robert Stephenson A Co, 
Newcastk-oo-Tyue, 1862.” 

There is a Victorian British 
as well as an Ottoman tra- 
dition behind the Egyptian 
railways, which meant tint the 
strike ami its afte r math came 
as a profound shock to the 
Government. Thousands of 
nihraymen originally took 
part, walking offtbe footplate 
of tfaeg loc om ot ives in Ramses 
Street, Giza aad most of the 
big stations between Cairo, 
Aswan and Alexandria. 

Railway strikes are illegal 
bra, according to officials at 
Ramses Street, a new leader* 
ship which had just been 
f b f M to an moffidal rail 
Bsion wanted to show their 
strength by demanding salary 
increases throughout the 
tr a ns p or t system. 

Bat, as Mr el-Morsy ex- 
plained, an engine driver can 
earn up to 350 Egyptian 
ponds (£150) a month, a 
remarkable wage compared to 
the pittance earned, for exam- 
ple, by the Egyptian sec uri ty 
pofice who rioted ova* their 
salaries m February. 

Mr el-Morsy refuses, pub- 
licly, to discuss the raffway 

strike on the ground that it is 
“a political question”. But it 
appears from other railway 
officials that ft occurred so 
suddenly that Mr d-Musy 
was not even at work at the 

The strikers w me demand- 
ing a higher salary scale* a 
fivefold increase to bonuses 
paid for punctuality and dis- 
tances covered by theft trains, 
as well as the establishment of 
an insurance fund. 

Two horns after the strike 
began, Mr ri-Motsy’s vice- 
chairman met le aders of the 
unofficial muon and told them 
to go back to wmi, promptly 
ordering them to identify the 

Three hundred were ar- 
rested at first. Then 200 were 
'freed afauost immediately. 
Then it was announced that 
only 60 would remain to 
custody. Finally, die 37 who 
were actually charged were 
released earfier this week. 

The Government, according 
to opposition pofiticaas to 
Cairo* was unwilling to tovotve 
itself with employees whose 
work is so essential that they 
are not allowed to strike, bra 
whose further dissatisfaction 
would so dadocate the com- 
try’s economy that they cannot 
be Imprisoned. 

Now that the raflwaymen 
have tasted i n du st ri a l power 
and got away with it, however, 
there may be serious trouble to 


Dr Lontouf Allah Haydar, leaves his embassy after supervising packing operations. 

Mitterrand denies arms deal 
and hints at shift on terror 

Sources said Britain and 
other states would try to 
persuade Greece over the next 
two weeks that previous EEC 
declarations on terrorism — to 
which MrPangakn subscribed 
on Monday — enshrine prin- 
ciples which must be applied 
to Syria as they were earlier 
applied to Libya. 

Officials raid that aUtip ngh 
Britain realized the limits of 
EEC co-operation, a further 
damaging row would be a 
major blow to European 

France finds itself to a 
particularly embarrassing 
Mhathu over the Hfodawi 
affair. While it would like to 
show solidarity with Britain, it 
feels it canaoi risk talting too 
firm a stand against Damascus 
at a time whea it needs Syrian 
sup port to prevent a new 
outbreak of terrorist violence 
in France, in seesrtog the 
release of French hostages to 
Beirut; and to ensming the 
security of Fkench forces serv- 
ing with the UN peacekeeping 
farce in southern Lebanon. 

Hence the somewhat 
ambiguous and even dis- 
cordant comments of various 
French leaders over the past 
few days. The Government, 
winch secretly is convinced 
that the Syrians were behind 
the wave of bombings to Paris 
last mouth, has alternately 
blown hot and add toward 
Damascus to its attempts to 
step the violence. It is at 
present to the middle of a 
warm phase. 

After France’ s seem ingly 
rather negative attitude to- 
ward Britain’s request for 
support over the Htodawi 
affair at Luxembourg <* Mon- 
day, President Mitterrand of- 
fered hope yesterday of a more 
positive French stance when 
he called far “complete firm- 

ness and solidarity” toward 

In a French teterisioa inter- 
view immediately after the 
Franco-German samnift in 
Frankfurt, M Mitterrand said 
he hoped foe 12 community 
members would examine fur- 
ther the involvement of “cer- 
tain states” in acts of 
terrorism at the informal 
of EEC foreign min- 
isters in London on November 

ft might then be possible to 
see whether the British pos- 
ition conU be s u pp ort ed by 
others, he said. “At off events, 
fadmdnal arrangements be- 
tween a particular European 
country and particular state 
should give way to solidarity 
agamst the crime,” be added. 

M Mitterrand strongly de- 
nied reports of a French arms 
deal with foe Syrians. “There 
is no question of France seHtog 
anus (to the Syrians),” he 
said. M Jacques Chirac, the 
Prime Minister, has so hr 
made no official m*imv on 
the Htodawi affair, but M 
Jacques Toubon, general sec- 
retary of the Ganllist RPR 
party, was thought to be 
edging his master’s voice 
when b said ft was important 
“to keep one’s calm and sang- 

While understanding Mrs 
Thatcher’s decision to break 
off relations with Syria, M 
Toubon felt it was essential 
“only to take action on the 
basis of proof”. He seemed to 
be saying that foe French 
Government needed proof of 
direct implication of foe Syr- 
ian Government in terrorist 
acts in France before ft would 
be wining to give Britain its 

M Pierre M&haignerie, the 
Minister for Housing and 
Transport and one of the 
leaders iff foe centre-right 
UDF party, was more explicit 
about the reasons far French 
reticence when he mM that 
nothing should be done to 
jeopardize France's negotia- 
tions to secure the release of 
the FTOoch hostages and to 
bring to an end foe terrorist 
attacks in France. 

However, other UDF lead- 
ers have criticized the 
Government's stand. M Jean- 
Clande Gandin, leader of the 
UDF group in the National 
Assembly, regretted that the 
Government had not shown 
geater solida rity w ith Britain. 

The former President, M 
Valery Giscard (TEstatog, aba 
called for France to show sock 


US to push 
for nuclear 
at Geneva 

From Christopher Thomas 

President Reagan has in- 
structed US negotiators in 
Geneva to propose a 50 per 
cent cut in superpower nudear 
weapons in five years and to 
seek the elimination of aQ^> 
mtennediate-range weapons.-,] 
in Europe. 

The proposals also set, the*, 
goal of eliminating all ballistic.- 
nudear missiles - those that 
leave the atmosphere during, 
flight — in 10 yeaxs. A senior, 
administration official said,-.- 
tbe plan was approved ot)<\ 
Monday at a While House-* 
meeting of Mr Reagan and A*v, 
p lanning group of the Na^^ 
tioual Security Council. <■£ 
The decision is in line with,:- 
Mr Reagan's discussions at 
the Reykjavik summit with 
Mr Mikhail Gorbachov, the**, 
Soviet leader. The US 
pledge adherence to the 1972«, 
Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) . ■» 
Treaty for 10 yearn before s 
deploying any space-based;.' 
defensive system under Mr 
Reagan's controversial Star. • 
Wars programme. .«■ ; 

But the President continues/ , 
adamantly to reject Mrn. 
Gorbachov’s insistence tbaU. 
Star Wars testing should be-, 
confined to the laboratory. *■ ,» 
The proposal for eliminat-*-.. 
ing all ballistic missiles within 
10 years came after intense*', 
argument within the Admin*-,;' 
istration. The Joint Chiefs of**! 
Staff are believed to have- 
expressed some concern about -, 
the military implications of/ 
both superpowers abandoning-*, 
ballistic nuclear missiles, a.,- 
concern reflected during pri- - . 
vate consultations with'-” 
Britain and West Germany. 

The European allies are 
being consulted about the US 

US officials say a meeting 
has been tentatively set for 
November 6 in Vienna be- 
tween Mr George Shultz, the 
US Secretary of State, and Mr 
Eduard Shevardnadze, the 
Soviet Foreign Minister. Both 
will be attending a review 
meeting of the 1975 Helsinki 
agreement on European 

Their talks, which may last 
for two days, will assess 
developments since the ice^" 
land s ummi t. A series of USJ- 
Soviet meetings is now under 
way on a range of bilateral 
issues. Talks began in Wash- 
ington on Monday on civ ilian 
space co-operation. • 

Arms caution, page 12 


5 * SV '■* 

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vr -fi}> # "f \< K 

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When flying Lufthansa in the 
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Use our Advance Seat Reser- 
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em fleet that 5 ets ■ 
stlnation on t^ e y 

Poland calls for more 
aid from West to 
survive burden of debt I i et blast 



not ruled 
)ut in Thai 

Hatch that saved lives 

y^steSy cS 

?„1 w<s “-™ crSh 

,n J*ct new cash 

ors to 
into the 


SSWfth 'mairSgB 

ttarriJ^ 6 *31-3 wK 
^on) debt with the 

atliS! J! ear ’ te «*d, Poland 


g *22? tenues toservkdng 
!ts bard-currency debt and 
would devote about the same 
Amount this year 

S2 billion win be 
^marked for paying the in- 
terest due on the 1986 debt 
and on paying back outstand- 
ing interest from 1982 to 1984. 

Poland cannot generate 
enough economic growth and 
boost export revenues quickly 
enough to catch up with its 
aebt payments. Although the 
overall debt figure wilL 
according to Western 
ti mates, peak in 1989-90 at 
about the $32 billion mark. 

From Roger Boyes, Warsaw 

interest payments wiQ contin- 
ually squeeze the economy. 

Mr Samqjlik conceded that 
a growth m exports to the 
West of 7 per cent and overall 

economic growth of 5 per cent 
— the level needed to meet all 
the interest payments to the 
West — was unrealistic. The 
current {dan for next year 
antiepates a maxim um growth 
of 3^S percent 

Exports will increase only 
sluggishly and Poland will not 
be able to batten down im- 
ports for modi longer. It 
seems dear that Poland has 
abandoned its target, set eariy 
last year, of finding by 1990 
$3.6 billion for interest 

So Western creditors mil 
have to wait, although, as 
usual, Poland has. settled, 
quickly with commercial 

“We are not getting credit 
support from our creditors,” 
said Mr Samojlik. “We need 
to work hand in hand with 

Evidently new credits from 
Western governments would 
make it easier fen- Poland to 

pay back its debts and im- 
prove export performance, the 
minister said. 

There appears to be no early 
prospect of major loans from 
the International Monetary 
Fund or the World Bank, 
which has a team in Warsaw 
presently assessing Poland’s 
potential for partiepating in 
joint projects. The earliest 
chances of credits would 
appear to be the summer of 
next year when the fiscal year 
of 1988 begins. 

The Polish government is 
already thin Icing in terms of 
IMF-style austerity pro- 
grammes. This will entail yet 
more price rises. 

The aim, said the Finance 
Minister, is to bring domestic 
and worid prices into line and 
radically cut subsidies by 

For the Polish consumer 
this will mean, above all, 
increases in fuel and enemy 
costs. The average rise m 
prices next year should be just 
over 9 per cent but antiepated 
increases in alcohol and to- 
bacco prices wiD push this up 
to around 14 per cent. 

~ *-r Mdlk 

Warsaw new-deal talks stall 

From Our Own Correspcmdteiit, Warsaw 

Secret talks between the 
Polish authorities 

— and in- 
dependent Catholic advisers, 
sketching out ways of opening 
up new fines of communication 
between leaders those led, 
appear to have reached a 

After a recent session a 
Government neg oti ator raised 
his hands in mock protest 
rasped: “Well, what else are 
yoa asking of as? You want 
this thing as much as we do.” 
This “flung” the subject «f 
foe confidential disensshms, is 
a social-consultative coanriL 

Theoretically the Govern- 
ment is wi lling to allow some 
of its most bitter critics — 
though not Mr Lech Walesa, 
or any of the Solidarity leaders 
- to sit at a table with the 
authorities and mflnmff of. 
ficial policies. 

Somehow Poles have to he' 
given a way of letting off steam 
without reviving Solidarity. 
There is also a aeed to avoli 
arresting political offenders 
because that would negate the 
propaganda value of the 
smmner’s amnesty. 

Last week the Polish Par- 
liament approved a BS11 
extend ing toe powers of mag- 
istrates courts which ™ now 
try - and sentence to np to 
three months* jail — Sofidarity 

All rides agree that talk is 
preferable to jafl and so for 
nobody has been re-amsted 
since toe summer amnesty 
involving 225 poBticaf pris- 
oners. Yet miking , as the 
COtlmlfc advisers are discover- 
ing, is net so simple. 

Among these who accept 
that there is need for (fialogne 
there are those who want only 
to talk if toe workros are 
represented, these who want to 
Bad out more before becoming 
involved and a small minority 
who H»n»h that talk on any 
terms is better ft- the 
present paralysis. 

Hie latest roend of negotia- 
tions is being led by Mr 
K a am f e sz BardcewsM, a vet- 
eran party man and dose ally 
.of General Janoehk^ and Mr 
StamsJaw Ciosek, a former 
trade muon minster. 

Thdr Catholic counterparts 

include a former Solidarity 
adviser. Dr Kizystof Sfiwin- 
ski, Mr Andrzej Wielewieyslti 
and Mr Jerzy Turowkz, editor 
of Tygodaik Pomzeckxy, the 
Ca t h o lic weekly, and a con- 
fidant of the Pope. 

An abiding problem is that 
the Chnrch does not want to 
Mesa talks cnwdnffhptf cm the 
terms of the Comnnmist Party, 
mixed Hp in politics. 

Hud means the Govern- 
ment has to define more 
closely what it has in mwa* 
will the council be able to 
initi a te legislation? Will ft he 
able to publish its critici sm s? 
What exactly do the authori- 
ties mean by causnftatiaa? 

The main pofot, say Catho- 
lic advisers, is to make sure 
that toe councils are not a 
sham and to ensure that 

Sofidarity is not betrayed. 

Mr Walesa said yesterday 
that Solidarity need not 
participate directly in such a 
council providing that there 
was an overall pnMmmnn* 

agreed between toe 

participants and toe ■»» »«■ 

Tokyo (Reuter) — A mid-air 

blast on board a Thai Inter- 
national _ Airbus, which in^ 
jured 62 people and forced an 
emergency landing last Sun- 
day, may have been caused by 
faulty gas cylinders, but explo- 
sives nave not been ruled out 
a Transport Ministry official 
said yesterday. 

A ministry investigating 
team found numerous tiny 
boles in the plane's pressure 
bulkhead, possibly caused by 
metal shards hitting it with 
great force, reported a team 
spokesman, Mr Hiroshi Fuji- 
wara. He said the boles could 
have been caused by explod- 
ing gas cylinders, such as fire 
extinguishers, but he did not 
rule out the possibility of 

“We have asked the police 
tocheck for powder bums,” he 
said “In the absence of a 
chemical reaction m gyring 
explosives, it might still be 
possible that an explosion of 
some kind took place. 

“We could think of a num- 
ber of cylinders containing 
pressurized gasses of various 
types that are located on the 
aircraft (that might have ex- 
ploded) ... ", An Initial in- 
vestigation of the aircraft 
uncovered no sign of explo- 
sives, police said. 

Mr Fujiwara said the bulk- 
head and the wall of an 
adjacent toilet were riddled 
with holes up to 10 miHi- 
tnetres in diameter. The bulk- 
head is an aluminium-faced, 
umbrella-shaped barrier sep- 
arating the passenger cabin 
from the nnpressnirized tail 

He said several larger holes 
were punched through the 
fuselage and were visible on 
the outer surface of the plane’s 
left side. A fissure was discov- 
ered in the left wing. 

Kyodo News Agency re- 
ported that members of the 
investigation team said they 
suspected there had been an 
explosion in the toilet area, 
partly because one stewardess 
told them she was hit in the 
chest by metal shards as she 
walked towards the jet’s rear. 

The investigators reasoned 
that, if the bulkhead had 
spontaneously ruptured, the 
loss of pressure would have 
sucked any loose material into 
the tail section, Kyodo re- 
ported. The incident occurred 
about 20 minim* before the 
plane landed at Osaka in 
western Jaypan on a scheduled 
'it from Bangkok and Mar 
with 246 people on board. 

Bombs hit 
sites in 
San Juan 

-•41 ' • 

A “kspection hatch near toe rear pressure bulkhead of the 

a muled Fntenmiioual Airways A 300 Airbus after its emergency landing 

Search fails for Israeli 
nuclear techni cian 

From Ian Murray, Jerusalem 

Mr John McKnight, the 
Australian vicar who has been 
in Israel since last Thursday 

trying to find Mr Mordechai 
Vanunu. the 

anunu, the nudear tech- 
nician who tokl The Sunday 
Times his country had built a 
nuclear arsenal, is flying back 
to London today having failed 
to make any contact with Mr 

terday that he was “quite 
certain” Mr Vanun u was in 
Israel, although he refused to 
give any details of the “strong 
evidence” he said he had been 
given proving this. 

The Prisons Service spokes- 
man has said that Mr Vanunu 
is not being held in one of its 
prisons and the Prime Min- 
isters office has said: “We do 
not know anything about »hi< 

San Jnan (Renter) - Bombs 
exploded at three US mifitaiy 
sites in Puerto Rico yesterday, 
one day after a published 
report that the Pentagon may 
train Nicaraguan Contras in 
Puerto Rica 

Damage was described as 
extensive after a bomb blast at 
a recruiting station in Fajardo, 
a town near a US Nary 
training station on toe island's 
east coast, police said. One 
man was mjared. 

Another explosion occ u rred 
yesterday morning in front of a 
US Navy raniting office in 
the heart of San Jnan and 
there was a third bo m bing " 
near the US AnnyV Fort ■ 
Buchanan, roar -S»" Jnan. 

The police bomb squad de- 
fused bombs at similar targets 
in two other towns and 
pl anne d to defuse a bomb 
found in front of the National 
Guard Anuonry in Mayagnez, 
on the west coast. 

An anonymous caller to a 
San Jnan radio station cred- 
ited the clandestine pro-in- 
dependence organization, Los 
Macbeteros, for Che bombings. 

• SAN JQS& Sedor Alfonso 
Robekt, a leader of toe anti- 
Sandinista rebels, said US 
training of Contras would be at 
bases in toe United States, not 
in Central America (Martha 
Honey writes). 

In an interview on Monday, 
Sedor Robelo, one of three 
leaders of the United Nica- 
raguan Organization, the win 
Contra umbrella group, 
that, after approval of toe new 
US aid package, “training is a 
tap priority. We are not going 
to be so eager about quantity 
as about quality”. 

He said the intention is to 
increase toe number of Contra 
fighters operating out of Hon- 
duras from 17,000 to 20,000 
and to build np those in sooth 
Nicaragua from 3,000 to 5,000 
by toe end of the year. 

Sefior Robelo explained 
that of toe $100 millioa (£69 
million) aid, $87 million will 
go to UNO for nse by its three 
military divisions. These are 
the FDN, which fight* out of . - 
Honduras, the Atlantic Coast - 
organization Kisan, and Earn, ' 
which fights in southern Nica- 
ragua. In addition, $5 million 

will go to the Indian movement 
Misnrasata, and $5 million to - 
the Costa Rican-based Contra 
organization, BOS. 

The remaining $3 mOtion is 
earmarked for the indepen- 
dent H ainan Rights Commis- 
sion based in Managua. 


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Joint military exercise 
between Japan and 
US worries Russians 

From David Watts, Chitose, Hokkaido, northern Japan 

An American A 10 ground 
attack aircraft wheels in a 
seat arc over Japanese in- 
fantry and tanks struggling to 
dislodge “red" force from the 
top of a frigid ridge ankle-deep 
in mud. 

Occasionally the stubby jet 
darts down to strafe a target 
and eventually the red force 
flees in face of the combined 
Japanese and American ass- 

Yesterday’s operation was 
just pan of a much wider 
exercise, the first of its kind 
involving simultaneous co- 
operation between the land, 
sea and air forces of the two 
countries, involving not only 
American units from Japan, 
Hawaii and the Philippines 
but the A 10 attack aircraft 
and Bronco observation air- 
craft brought in from South 

Only a few years ago such 
co-operation between Japa- 
nese and American forces and 
the implied co-operation with 
South Korea would have been 
unthinkable, so sensitive was 
the Japanese public to close 
regional strategic co-operation 
with other powers. 

But the years appear to have 
made the Japanese public less 
concerned about such things. 
While their concern has de- 
clined, however, that of the 
Soviet leader, Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov, has increased. 

Greeting President Kim D 
Sung of North Korea at the 
weekend he warned the 
United States, Japan and 
South Korea about building 
an Eastern equivalent of Na to. 

The war games now on in 
Hokkaido, Japan's fiat, lush 
and vulnerable northland, 
only a few minutes flying time 
from (lie Soviet-occupied for- 
mer northern islands of Japan, 
do not amount to an Eastern 

Naio, but they are dem- 
onstrating a level of co-opera- 
tion not seen before. Besides, 
says General Shigediro Mori, 
chairman of Japan's Joint 
Staff Council, the country's 
Constitution prevents- such 
military arrangements with 
other countries. 

Japan is certainly no longer 
shy about saying who the 
potential enemy is. The ex- 
ercise envisages an invasion 
by “orange" forces coming 

from the direction of the 
Soviet Union. 

They have landed in Hok- 
kaido and the combined 
forces of Japan and the US are 
now busy repelling them. 
American Boeing E 3 Awacs 
command and control aircraft 
are directing Japanese aircraft 
and ships, while Japanese 
Awacs aircraft are sending 
American jets into action. 

Off shore, American and 
Japanese anti-submarine air- 
craft are dealing with the 
submarine threat while their 
jets tangle in dogfights 

The exercise, which in- 
volves some 5,000 men from 
each country and almost 200 
aircraft and ships, will feature 
helicopter-borne infantry op- 
erations and a final firepower 

General Charles Dyke, 
Commander US Army, Japan, 
is in no doubt about the 
success of the co-operative 
effort: the Japanese forces be 
says are “stacked with out- 
standing officers- -and co- 
ordination is thorough, coro- 
pleteand uninhibited". 

The co-operation has in- 
creased because “the threat 
has increased significantly". 

But be does not see foresee 
annual month-long military 
exercises on the scale of those 
held with South Korea each 


for peace 
prayer day 
in Kyoto 

Assisi (AP) — The day after 
leaders of the world's major 
religious met in a historic 
gathering of fastiiQ and 
prayer for peace, Japanese 
religions leaders yesterday 
proposed ft tisdn summit for 
next year in Kyoto. 

The proposal was immedi- 
ately welcomed by some who 
participated in die gathering, 
led by the Pope. A Hinds 
priest and an American ha- 
tberaa jpfaWw said farther 
r ow to c to might lead to a 
permanent world council of 
religions dedicated to peace. 

The Japan Conference of 

tfrns and other religions in 
Japan, pot forward the pro- 
posal at a meeting of largely 
Doo-Christhm leaders who 
came here at the Pope's 

Mr G|jm Sugftani, tire dep- 
uty secretary-general of the 
Japanese group, said that a 
two-day summit would take 
place in the Buddhist En- 
ryakn-p Temple on Moral 
Hid in Japan's ancient capital 
of Kyoto on August 3 and 4. 

“We make this suggestion 
in the spirit of the JPope," said 
a statement which accompa- 
nied the invitation. 

Monsignor Grain Nicolai, 
a spokesman for the Holy See, 
said in Vatican City that no 
invitation had yet been ex- 
tended to the Pope. 

The Dnke of Edinburgh questioning a Chinese official about the health of a young panda he 
is bolding. The Duke, who is president of the World Wildlife Fund, was visiting the Wofentg 
Panda Reserve in tire central Chinese province of Sichuan. 

Sikhs kill Hindu priests in Punjab 

From Kaldip Nayar 

Sikh terrorists killed six 
more people yesterday in dif- 
ferent pahs of the Punjab, 
including two Hindu priests at 
a prayer meetingand the unde 
of the former Punjab police 
chief Mr P S Blunder. 

The terrorists, who at one 

time seemed to have been on 
the run, have re-grouped and 
struck even in a Hindu- 
majority area of Abhor, where 
seven people were killed ax 
Tension ' between Hindus 
and Sikhs, decreasing in the 
past month, has mounted 
again and Hindu leaders have 
asked foe Government to 

intervene, but foe Home Min- 
istry here believes the terror- 
ists have become desperate. 

Sikh militants have called 
for a Sarbat Khalsa, a conven- 
tion of the Sikh community, 
in the Golden Temple at 
Amritsar on- November 1, 
India's festival of lights, 


When cotton yam processors James Sutcliffe & Sons Ltd 
were told of the massive savings they could make by switching 
from oil to electricity they were, frankly, sceptical. 

Ian Flint, Industrial Sales Engineer at Yorkshire Electricity 
Board, had taken a hard look at the oil boiler - used to provide 
heat for steaming cotton yam and for space and water heating in 
the works canteen - and predicted substantial benefits by 
switching to electridty. 

YEB carried out detailed tests before recommending 
\ the installation of a highly efficient electrode boiler for 
yam steaming, with separate electric space and 
water heating equipment in the canteen. 

Army tries 
to beat 

From Ahmed Fazi 

The death toll in the fondue 
in northern Bangladesh which 
followed the floods there has 
risen to 15 hi foe past week. 
The Government called out 
troops yesterday to hdp ovB- 
iaa volunteers with emergency 
food dis t ri bution. 

Three people died on Mon- 
day in the Nflphamari district, 
about 350 miles north of 
Dhaka, where a foo d shorta 
is tire countrysi 

after heavy rains washed away 
the autumn harvest, foe daily 
r; * I Smagbed reparted yesterday 

Four others have died in 
neighbouring Knrigram dis- 
trict in the past two days. 
More than 5^000 f a milies have 
taken shelter in relief camps 
and “feeding centres" there.' 
Eaiiier right starvation deaths 
were reported. , 

Retired Major-General 
Shamsal Hun, the Relief Min- 
ister, denied there was a 
famine but told reporters that 
the deaths cowld be due to 
malnutrition and intestinal 


takes hard 
line over 

Fran Stephen Taylor 

At a tirpe when most 
Australian states are moving 
towards fighter penalties for 
possession of cannabis, the 
northern state of Queensland 
again demonstrated its 
habit of pulling against na- 
tional liberal trends. 

A new Drug Misuse Act. 
which came into effect in the 
state on Monday, has brought 
protests not just from ovti 
liberties groups, but also from 
police afraid that foe seventy 
of the penalties will dnve 
dealers to desperate measures 
to avoid being caught. 

The Act provides for life 
imprisonment for possession 
of 500 grammes of marijuana; 
for anyone convicted of 
possessing two grammes of 
heroin or cocaine the penalty 
is mandatory. 

The original Bill was wa- 
tered down somewhat after an 
eaiiier outcry, but in its 
amended form was pushed 
through Parliament with little 

It is not the first controver- 
sial legislation passed by the 
ultra-conservative govern- 
ment of Sir Johannes Bjelke- 
Petersen to reduce the use of 
drugs — particularly cannabis, 
which is widely grown in 
Australia and fore gained gen- 
ual social acceptability in the 
past 10 years. 

Possession of small quanti- 
ties of cannabis for personal 
use has been decriminalized 
in South Australia, the most 
liberal of the states. 

In Queensland, however, 
the state administration ap- 
roved an amendment to the 

r * 

r tf* 


alcohol sales to those defined" 
as “drag dealers, sexual per- 
verts or deviants and child 

No action under this 
extraordinary law has yet been 
taken, but legal groups fear 
that the new Act is bound to 
lead to miscarriages of justice. 
The Queensland Bar Associ- 
ation said foe wording of foe 
legislation meant that life 
sentences would be imposed 
for comparatively minor drug 
offences. The Council for 
Civil Liberties described ft as 
“a tragedy”. 

A spokesman for the 
Queensland Police Union said 
policemen had grave reserva- 
tions about the Act. Traffick- 
ers feeing a fife sentence, “wifi 
definitely be wilting to take 
risks to escape". 

The Act also brought a 
protest from an independent 
candidate in Saturday's state 
election, who was arrested 
after smoking what he in- 
dicated was cannabis in Bris-. 
bane city centre on Monday. 

Mr Anthony Kniepp has 
been charged with possessing 
a dangerous drug, but after 
being remanded on bail he 
said foe “joint* bad been 
made from a legal herb. 



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after just 19 weeks j 

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‘William Tell' on trial 

Bonn — A former SS cor- 
poral , known as the “WillianL 
Tell of Auschwitz” because he 
allegedly made inmates put tin 
cans on their heads for him to 
shoot at, went on trial in 

Wuppertal yestenlay dunged 
rilh six murders at foe camp 
I writes). 
Weise, now 

aged 65, is accused of shooting 
at least three of his human 

SSSrfoem. Hehfalso charged 
with killing another three 
inmates he -found - steeping 
during working hours. . 

Herr Weise told foe court he 
was innocent and -had never 
once used bis service pistol. 


They thought I was spinning 
them a yam when I predicted 
90% energy cost savings? 

To: Electridty Publications PO Box 2, Ft'ltlvam. Middlesex TWHOTG. 

! ! PImk wndin'.- mi'K irrfi'ntuiiiw vmi fffc .in-jn^c (or an tSE to conuct me. 

Name Position 



— w> — — * — — * : — 

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The eneigv-efficient switch. 


1 2 2 41 

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Mud-slinging Colorado 
race for Senate may 
keep the voters at home 

From Michael Binyon 

_.S to Jgfaps are hoping, 
when President Reagan 

"'fi, tomorrow in an 
swtog the balance 
in one of the nation's closest 
S*™* *«s. for at least a brief 
re^ue from mud-slinging. 

_ For . neck-and-neck 
struggle between two local 
congressmen for the seat va- 
cated by Senator Gary Hart 
has degenerated into such 
vituperative name-calling that 
even the campaign activists 
are embarrassed. 

Each has offered a truce in 
the negative television adver- 
tising: each blames the other 
for rejecting th e terms; each is 
resigned to an increasingly 
bitter end to an already polar- 
ized campaign. 

Mr Tim wirth, aged 47, the 
Democratic contender, and 
Mr Ken Kramer, aged 44, his 
Republican opponent, have 
already spent around SIS 
million (£1.7 million) each to 
woo the uncommitted in a 
state of only three million 
people. Each is going after the 
middle ground and each ac- 
cuses the other of being an 
extremist “outside the 

Both may be the losers 
because the polls show that 
people are so incensed by the 
reckless and often unsubstan- 
tiated accusations flying 
around they may refbse to 
vote at all. 

The two candidates, ideo- 
logically far apart, are both 
struggling for name recog- 
nition and attempting to 
poach on each other's tra- 
ditional territory. 

Mr Wirth. with a strong 
liberal voting record in his 12 
years in Congress, makes 
much of his tiscal conser- 
vatism. his support for de- 
fence and for many of 
President Reagan's foreign 
policies. He boasts endorse- 
ments from Mr Paul Nitze, 
President Reagan's aims con- 
trol adviser, from Denver 
businessmen, from prominent 
moderate Colorado Repub- 
licans. and even from a board 
member of the powerful and 
ultra-conservative National 
Rifle Association. 

Mr Kramer, an avowed 



conservatives’ conservative, 
who opposes abortion and 
sanctions against South Africa 
and advocates spending up to 
$1,000 billion (£689 billion) 
on Star Wars, is seeking the 
support of the Hispanic 
minority, claims he is the 
candidate of women's rights 
and single parents, and cham- 
pions environmental issues. 

The Democrats accuse Mr 
Kramer of “a campaign of 
disinformation, misrepresent- 
ing his record and Tim 

The Republicans contend 
that Mr Wirth is a hypocrite — 

USA f 

an extreme liberal in Congress 
who poses as a moderate 
centrist in Colorado. As a 
result both men — highly 
educated Harvard graduates — 
spend most of their time 
calling each other liars. 

Of course, there are big 
issues for Colorado on which 
both agree: cleaning up toxic 
waste, protecting Colorado's 
spectacular mountain en- 
vironment. helping the tour- 
ism and ski industry, getting 
Denver out of its current oil- 
induced slump, and curbing 
rising unemployment 

Ideology also bends conve- 
niently to pork-barrel politics. 
Mr Wirth, who had doubts 
about Star Wars, is not letting 
Mr Kramer remain alone in 
advocating huge strategic de- 
fence contracts for the space 
industries in Colorado. 

But so far the campaigns 
have only skirted these issues. 
Instead they have con- 
centrated on such things as Mr 
Kramers missing a key 
congressional vote while 

attending a fund-raising event, 
his alleged extremism, and Mr 
Wirth's supposed role in the 
disastrous break-up of the old 
telephone monopoly and his 
preference for the East Coast 
establishment at the expense 
of Colorado interests. 

Part of the shrillness lies in 
the difficulty for each side in 
finding and controlling a real 
issue. There are too many 
imponderables. Is Colorado, 
surrounded by conservative 
mountain states, moving right 
because of immigration and 
demography? Does the mem- 
ory of Gary Hart, who has 
largely kept out of the cam- 
paign, help or hurt Mr Wirth? 
Does Mr Kramer's aggressive 
manner compare well or badly 
with Mr Wirth's smooth 
charm and good looks? Will 
the overwhelming advantage 
of the Democratic candidate 
in the simultaneous gov- 
ernor's race — also between 
two newcomers — help the 
Wirth senate campaign? 

President Reagan, enor- 
mously popular with voters of 
all parties, may rise above the 
scrapping when he endorses 
Mr Kramer tomorrow. But 
even his visit is unlikely to 
haul the campaign out of the 

For Denver especially, 
proud of its recent transforma- 
tion from a raucous and 
unkempt city of cattle ranch- 
ers and prospectors into a 
sophisticated and gleaming 
regional centre, the campaign 
has been a sad embarrass- 

V- • •• 

President Mitterrand of France and the Chancellor of West Germany, Herr Helmut Kohl, at a bilingual press conference. 


French health care 

hunt boy Sick pay more to cure debt 

F6IU&66 From Diana Geddes, Paris 

W . _ in i se .J a eilAilAA «« 

Mr Tun Wirth: in a bruising 
Senate campaign 

Machel black box offer to experts 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

The Soviet Union an- 
nounced yesterday that it had 
proposed to the Montreal- 
based International Civil Avi- 
ation Organization that it 
should send experts to witness 
the opening of die sealed flight 
recorders from the wrecked 
Tupolev 124 plane in which 
President Sam ora Machel of 
Mozambique was killed. 

Mr Gennady Gerasimov, 
the Kremlin's chief spokes- 
man, told a press conference 
that the invitation had already 
been forwarded to the ICAO’s 
headquarters. The Soviet Gov- 
ernment was reserving its 
position on the cause of the 
crash until investigators had 

finished their inquiry. 

No date was given for the 
inspection of the two black box 
recorders, which tape flight 
data and conversations on the 
flight deck. Mr Gerasimov 
said that the invitation to the 
independent experts had been 
extended by Moscow because 
South Africa felt that die word 
of its own officials would not 
be trusted. 

• Code needed: The Soviet 
Mack box flight data recorders 
can be read by any expert — 
provided they have die nec- 
essary code book (Our Air 
Correspondent writes). 

All Western nations use an 

identical code to decipher the 
dots and dashes which make 
np the constant stream of 
information being automati- 
cally recorded onto the Mack 
box's metal tapes. These codes 
show, for example, where the 
investigating officers should 
look for engine data or height. 
Each new item of information 
is given a special code word at 
the beginning of the recording 
to help the identification 
But the Russians ase dif- 
ferent codes. The electronic ! 
information on tire tape is just 
the same, but without the code 
book it would be difficult to 
know what the information 
related to. 

Stockholm - Two Lebanese 
refugees, refused permission 
to stay in Sweden as part of a 
crackdown on suspected ter- 
rorists using the country as a 
“safe base”, threw their son, 
aged five, from a second- 
storey window of the hostel at 
Uppsala where they were be- 
ing held pending deportation 

The child, who may have 
been injured, was picked up by 
waiting relatives and driven 
off. Police are searching for 
him and say he will be 
deported with his parents 

Pollution plan 

Copenhagen — The Danish 
Government has unveiled a 
five-year, £830 million plan to 
stop pollution threatening the 
western Baltic. 

Tuna moves 

Canberra (Reuter) — The 
Soviet Union will continue to 
seek fishing agreements with 
South Pacific island nations 
despite the region's multi- 
million dollar tuna deal with 
the United States, a Soviet 
Embassy official said. 

Secrets act 

Kuala Lumpur (AFP) —The 
Government has proposed 
controversial amendments to 
Malaysia’s Official Secrets Act 
providing mandatory jail 
terras of up to 14 years. 

The French Government 
has derided to ask tire sack to 
pay more for their health care, 
rather than raise state health 
insurance contributions, in an 
attempt to save £1 billion a 
year in the debt-ridden public 
health service. 

Spending on public health 
care is expected to total a 
record 323 billioa francs (£34 
milliou) this year, leaving the 
health insurance scheme with 
a deficit of 5.6 billion francs, 
which would rise to 15^ 
billion francs next year if 
nothing woe done. 

Instead, M Philippe Segnin, 
tire Health and Social Services 
Minister, has derided to ask 
employer and mrion repre- 
sentatives, who jointly admin- 
ister Che insurance scheme, to 
carry out a series of cost- 
saving measures, including in- 
troducing charges for the first 
time for several hundred thou- 
sand people who formerly 
received free health care. 

Unlike the British, the av- 
erage Frenchman has to pay 
initially for health care, but is 
then usually reimbursed either 
in part or full by the health 
uHnrance scheme. 

A visit to a general prac- 
titioner, for example, normally 
costs 75 francs, of which 70 
per cent is reimbursed. Medi- 
cines and other pharmaceuti- 
cal products prescribed by the 
doctor are reimbursed at a rate 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

of 70 per cent if considered 
essential for the patient's 
health, and at 40 per cent if 

However, certain categories 
of patients, suffering from one 
of a list of 25 particularly long 
and costly illnesses, are fully 
reimbursed for all their costs, 
whether or not they are related 
to the particular illness. 

The French Government 
has now derided to update the 
list, discarding some diseases, 
such as leprosy, and mdndiig 
new ones, such as Aids (ac- 
quired immune deficiency syn- 
drome), for a new total of 31 
“privileged^ Alnesses. 

If tiie Government's recom- 
mendations are accepted, pa- 
tients will from now on be able 
to daim fall rehnhnrsemeot 
for treatment only directly 
related to their principal long- 
term Alness. 

M Segnin said: “A diabetic 
will no longer be able to daim 
100 per cent of the cost of the 
treatment for a bead cokL" 

The Government is also 
p lanning to phase out what is 
knowH as tie “26th illness", 
which is not a specific illness 
at all. Bather it is a system 
under which anyone who faces 
accumulated medical costs of 
more than 80 francs a month 
after the normal reimburse- 
ment can have any supple- 
mentary costs totally paid for 
by the state. 

About 500,000 people cur- 
rently benefit from the system. 

In addition, the Government 
is planning to increase the cost 
to the patient of certain opera- 
tionSj and to increase the daily . 
hospital charge, first in- 
troduced by the previous 
Socialist government, from 23 
francs to 31 francs. 

In order to deter famines 
from using hospitals as a 
cheap form of old people's 
home, tire charge wfll be 
increased substantially to 
more than 70 francs a day for 
patients occupying a hospital 
bed Em more than 18 months 
or two years. 

The Government is also to 
begin charging postage for 
people darning reimburse- 
ment from then local health 
insurance office. 

Because of the high residual 
costs of public beattfa care far 
France, two-thirds of French 
people choose to take out a 
secondary private health in- 
surance, known as the “mn- 
tnelle”, to which they 
contribute at a basic rate of 1 
per cent of their salary, up to a 
salary ceiling of about £9,000 
a month, in return for getting 
all titeir resninaJ costs paid. 

Local auth o rity aid is usu- 
ally available for those who do 
not have supplementary msnr- 
ance and who cannot meet 
their medical Mils. 

Brussels (AP) — The Euro- Belgian confidence vote avoided 

• Brussels (AP) — The Euro- 
pean Community Commis- 
sion has proposed uniform 
safety standards for toys to 
reduce accidents. 

Power failure 

Dhaka (Reuter) - Bangla- 
desh has suspended plans for a 
nuclear power plant because it 
cannot raise funds. 

Brussels (Reuter) — Be- 
lgium's coalition Government 
avoided a parliamentary vote 
of confidence yesterday, giv- 
ing it breathing space to 
resolve a dispute which threat- 
ens its survival. 

Deputies voted 106 to 74 for 
an agenda for the day's busi- 
ness, omitting the expected 

confidence vote over the affair 
of a French-speaking mayor 
dismissed for failing to submit 
to a test of his Dutch. 

The centre-right Govern- 
ment has been working to 
limit the damage from a split 
along language lines over the 
dispute involving Mr Jose 

Happart, Mayor of the Fouron 
group of villages in the Flem- 
ish part of Belgium. 

After King Baudouin re- 
jected an oner by the Prime 
Minister, Mr Wufried Mar- 
tens, for the Government to 
resign, Dutch-speaking and 
French-speaking, ministers 
patched up an uneasy truce. 

Bonn and 
France are 
cautious on 
arms deals 

From John England : 


Herr Helmut KohL the 
Chancellor of West Germany 
and President Mitterrand of 
France ended a two-day 
Franco-German “cultural 
summit" in Frankfurt yes- 
terday on a decidedly 
uncultural note, speaking 
mainly about East-West disar- 

They said at a joint press 
conference that any US-Soyiet 
agreement on the removal or 
American medium-range mis- 
siles from Europe must be 
balanced by a reduction there 
of the Soviet Union’s superior 
conventional forces. 

Herr Kohl said European 
security must not be un- 
coupled Grom that of the US 
and it should not be possible 
in future to fight ware in 

M Mitterrand said he was 
not against considering the 
“zero option”, but was waiting 
to hear of the context in which 
it would be placed. Earlier, he 
told a French television inter- 
viewer that discussion on it 
bad not yet gone far enough 
for France to adopt a firm 

At the press conference be 
said France, which had its 
own nuclear arsenal, believed 
the question must be viewed 
as pan of a military whole 
including short-range and 
strategic nuclear weapons and 
conventional forces. 

Herr Kohl added that 
France should participate in 
talks on conventional forces, 
as he had recommended to the 
Americans during his trip to 
Washington last week. The 
West German government be- 
lieved such talks could take 
place “under the roof* of the 
East-West conference on sec- 
urity and co-operation in 

The “cultural summit”, 
which was also attended by M 
Jacques Chirac, the French - 
Prime Minister, agreed a pack- . 
age of measures on Monday * 
aimed at deepening cultural; 
and educational links between - 
the two countries including r 
exchanges of school pupils, ^ 
students and apprentices and 
greater efforts to enequrage 
the learning of each other's 

West to press 
human rights 
at Vienna talks 

Brussels — Balance between 
security issues and human' 
rights matters will be the key 
word for' the Western agenda 
at the' 35-nation review con- 
ference on security and co- 
operation in Europe due to 
convene in Vienna next weds 
(Frederick Borman writes). 

The need for agreemsrts on 
arms reductions will be 
pressed by the East Bloc 
countries, Mr Warrdn Zimm- 
ermans, the chief US delegate 
to the conference, said in 
Brussels yesterday, whereas 
the West will insist on compli- 
ance with human rights 



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io the pot last rij 
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fesl 8 ^ 

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stew which has to fir in the 
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Si^ 81 ? ^?L?rST ff I begins on November 

h 2 S£*w^ SSftS b* I 137 is the thirtieth; 

Ohvrerf rmnhm^o. ^ * nd 10 mark 

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u^tftractive woman wb had Theatre is preceding h with a 
sanded with him the ttte of complete re-run of the first 

I t be uiner. \ festival, which in feet opened 

T I the NFT in 1957. Tbe fetival 

TELEVISION I was 1116 j nveT, tion of Derek 

— f Prouse, then programme dir- 

Fiord b a member of 57 ^ NFT. aod Dilys 

To ,w:reale 1* ^ Pi» 
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. I£L m Jg mg. since it consisied of only 

fc - pml °” ^ 1 5 films ^ but what films they 

cami^dydcbaa fasmmttf; sa^a's^Sdon^ rfl/JSSk 

myths rf maloag programnfc ^ Thmne mogd . 

Viscontf s Dost oev^y adapta- 
oifafS i li0n ’ White Msto* Wajda’s 
« Fellini's A 'igtoi oj 
Cabiria : Bergman’s The Sei- 
emh 5ea * Satyajit Ray's sec- 
ond The Un vanquished, 

R ™ 6 Clan's Porte des Idas: 

I*?? x good * ? e M Chukrai’s The Forty-First , a 
onriaced he Texan pokq- aceU^.f^^ of ^ ^ 

aH,rihced Jm \ Alexandre Astnic’s Le Rideau 

Tragicomic arranged marriage in diearrestiiig Chinese novelty A Girl of Good Family 

David Robinson introduces the forthcoming 
London Film Festival and makes his personal 
selection of the 10 most inviting prospects 

Poignant revivals 
of past glories 

T his year's London. ■ The Captain from Kbpemck own right and a compellint 
Film Festival, which from West Germany; and a screen personality, 
begins on November documentary that still looks .-. .. n ... ~ . 

13, is the thirtieth; remarkable. Per Host’s The TMrtse. Atom Cavalhert 
,k<. t nntn»Jar* enoeanns ana onen runnv 

Vocalizing violin 

“■ — — j progress before turning back 

PONPF R X to wry duetting with itself and 

KAJI'HK.EJKI a I 0W , smoky relum to the 

simplicity of the scale itself. 

McAsIan/Clayton Thc aOTn , if an> , h 

Purcell Room Frenchified, the writing care- 

ful. the inspiration almost 

full-throated song with its JJg IKSn’^rSSwiiS 


playing, rang out for Beeiho- [i r ,^ ppoa ^ d 
ven. Saint-Saens and Brahms ™ a,lBIIL 
and. more specifically, for a The evening had began 
new woric she had commis- boisterously, with a Bectho- 
sioned from David Matthews, ven A major Op 30 Sonata in 
It is called Aria, and it lasts which (he Adagio's chaste 
just under IQ minutes: time melody was kept linglingly 
enough for a quasi-vocal alive by the finest cross- 
warm-up — sequences of currents of accent and metre 
ascending scales made tense between the violin and Nigel 
by brusque, unresolved har- Clayton's hawk-eyed piano- 
monies on the piano — a playing. The finale of Saint; 
cadenza and four versions of Saens’s First Violin Sonata 
the main tune. It starts wist- had a swashbuckling virtuosi 


Gordon as Date Tamer m Tavernier’s Round Midnight 

to marry (bn. 

The episode, excellently 
written by Geoff McQneen, 
showed aaf admh aUe tarn of 
wit, as well as tbe inevitable 
twist in pit: “Trouble with 
yqn Yanks; ym always confuse 
class with clip-trap. Crates of, 
baring no fehnre.” Trouble 
with ns Brjs, we confuse 
cnftnre with cap-trap. Culture 
or do, ^howertr, Big Deal is 

^ Hislop 

• Tlie T^yaJ ^Opera's new 
produaioi of Otello will be 
sponsored! by the Morgan 
GrepfeU Groups the com- 
pany's firsnaiorpiece of arts 
sponsorshiL Otello. with Pla- 
rido Domiigo in the title role, 
opens on Jfiuray 13. 

cramoisi , an early ripple of the 
nouvelle vague; Leopoldo 
Torre Nilsson's House of the 
Ingeh and Elia Kazan's pio- 
leer exposure of media 

K on, A Face in the 

ime Wajda, Fellini, 
lay and Tone Nils- 
still exciting new 
this country. Tbe 
»f them to leave a 
is year's festival is 
a documentary 
shooting of Fanny 
ider. Only three of 
lms have foiled to 
tssic status in the 
i years, but even 
>l inconsiderable — 
Alsen's Duped Till 
from East Ger- 
Helmut KautneFs 

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from West Germany; and a 
documentary that still looks 
remarkable. Per Host’s The 

Since then the festival has 
grown progressively and alar- 
mingly. This year’s pro- 
gramme has ■ expanded to 
some 200 feature films. It 
would be very hard, all the 
same; to pick out of them a 
dozen to compete with the 
1957 selection. Which is not 
so much a reflection upon the 
festival selectors (led a g ain 
this year by Derek Malcolm) 
as upon the state of the 
cinema. Leaving aside films 
unseen and unpredictable, a 
personal top-ten choice would 

The Sacrifice: Andrei Tar- 
kowsky’s visionary epic about 
a man faced with the prospect 
of the ul tima te catastrophe 
and summoning all his spir- 
itual forces to face it. Whether 
or not you claim' to under- 
stand it all and despite the 
slight of the Cannes Festival 
jury, this is the one undoubted 
classic film of the year. 

own right and a compelling 
screen personality. 

Tb£r£se: Alain Cavallier’s 
endearing and often funny 
account crfThfertse Martin, an 
extremely human young Car- 
melite who died of tuberculo- 
sis in 1897 and was declared a 
saint in 1925. 

Down By Law: Jim Jarmusch 
follows Stranger than Para - 
dise with an idiosyncratic 
comedy about three inept 
gaol-breakers on the run in 
Bayou country. The star turn 
is Roberto Benigni, a well- 
known Italian director-co- 
median who graces his first 
picture abroad with a delirious 
line in broken English. 

A Girl of Good Family: One of 
tbe most arresting exhibits 
from the new Chinese cinema, 
first reviewed from tbe Edin- 
burgh FestivaL Set in 1949,' it 
tells the tragicomic tale of a 
marriage arranged under age- 
old feudal tradition, between a 
lively ^url of 18 and a some- 
what jealous tittle husband of 
six with a bed-wetting habit 
Jianzhong Huang sets his 

Tbe Beekeeper: Shows Theo 
Angelopoulos returned to 
strong form with a road film 
about the flight of a man from 
his own emptiness. Marcello 
Mastroianni is surprisingly 
credible as a Greek peasant 

The Mass is Ended: Nanni 
Moretti is one of the uniquely 
Italian breed of director- 
comedians, though his comic 
style is a distinctive line in 
restrained irony. Here, as the 
priest of a tumbledown Ro- 
man parish, he explores with 
shrewd wit the problems of the 
church m the Eighties. Mor- 

(Peter Ormrod’s lovable com- 
edy of obsession. Eat the 
Peach , reviewed from Edin- 
burgh). Wales offers two films. 
Kart Francis’s ferocious por- 
trait of a Boy Soldier and 
Stephen Bayly's kindly com- 
edy about the society that 
revolves around a closed- 
down fleapit Coming Up 

Reflecting the greater open- 
ness in Socialist Europe, there 
is a group of films that have 
overcome “difficulties**. The 
longest-delayed of these, the 
late Zolian Varkonyi’s The 

fully in a high, uneasy calm 
against wide-set piano chords. 
Chromatic passages funnel 
upwards on the piano as the 
double-stopping intensifies, 
and the violin begins to take 
increasingly bold stock of its 

iiy of the type more often 
heard at 78rpm, and Brahms’s 
Third, its tempi judged to a 
nicety, sealed a richly reward- 
ing evening. 

Hilary Finch 

Stylistic searching 

ettfs only lack is a sense of Bitter Truth, has been shelved 

dynamic structure. 

T he main curiosity 
surrounds the pre- 
mieres of wort by 
three major and very 
different British 
film-makers. Bill Douglas’s 
Comrades, many years in 
preparation and his first film 
since his memorable auto- 
biographical trilogy, explores 
virgin territory — the Tol- 
puddle Martyrs and what 
became of them after their 
transportation to Australia. 
Ken Russell’s Gothic promises 
an imaginative investigation, 
scripted by Stephen Volk, into 
an historic evening in 1816 
when Byron dined with the 
Shelleys and Mary was in- 
spired to write Frankenstein. 
Nipolas Roeg's Castaway is 
described as “a romantic tragi- 
comedy for our times’*, about 
a man and woman alone on a 
desert island. 

The muster of British films 
reaches a new high with more 
than 50 features, many made 
for television. They include 
films from Northern Ireland 
(Joe Mahon’s portrait of mid- 
dle-class Londonderry, The 
Best Man ) and from Eire 

Miss Mary: The world of quaint human story against 
House of the Angel revisited, the wild dramatic landscapes 
Julie Christie plays an English of south-west China. 

governess employed by a 
monstrous rich family in prc- 
Feron Argentina. The direc- 
tor, Maria Luisa Bembeig, 
who has already had a pre- 
vious international success 
with Camila, only took to 
film-malting when she was 
nearing 60. - 

Round Midnight Another 
major film spurned by a 
festival jury — this time m 
Venice. Bertrand Tavernier’s 
portrait of a fictional jazz 
musician (a composite of sev- 
eral real-life characters) is 
played by Dexter Gordon, a 
celebrated saxophonist in his 


School’s Out 

Stratford East 

Amid die din of battle from 
Britain's nmlti-ethmc educa- 
tional authorities, here is a 
piece that tarns tbe situation 
.upside-down and sets out to 
show how Jamaica's schools 
have been getting on since 
independence. SchooTs OtA, 
die fourth of Trevor Rhone's 
plays to appear at thi* ad- member who takes one ap- 
dress, dates bade to the mid- palled took at this dapped-ost 
Seventies, but it offers a institution and sets about 
picture of ebaos, in-fighting potting it in order. Not 
and « pati«y which win cause surprisingly, the old hands 
traditionally-minded specta- resent having their boat 
tors to duck their tongues in rocked, and gang np against 
recognition. him with accusations of rac- 

Set in the squalid staff-room ism, com muni s m and tamper- 
of a Kingston secondary tog with the schoolls best- 
school, where the lavatory is developed girl. He resigns. It 
always overflowing and the is a bleak ending for a comedy, 
headmaster contributes noth- but it certainly underlines the 
tog, except the occasional question of whether we are 
sound of off-stage fla genatinn, supposed to like Dacres, titt* 
tbe comedy focuses 00 a group newcomer, 
of teachers who have accepted As played by Ben Thomas 

afl this as normal. The only he crates over as a superefl- 
enthusiastic teacher is young ions prig guaranteed to get 
HopaL a product of post- anybody's back up. Also, to a 
independence training, who is telling ex change with the old 
practically illiterate. colonial classicist (Ram John 

The next, unsurprising. Holder), it appears that 
move is to bring to a new staff Dacres to thoroughly to favour 

Stammbehn: The controver- 
sial Berlin Grand Prix winner. 
Reinhard Hauff .intends his 
absorbing, neo-documentary 
reconstruction of the Baader- 
Meinhof trial as a moral 
lesson in the origins and 
psychology of terrorism in 
Germany, and a. prognosis. 

Pro m is e : Yoshishige Yosb- 
ida's impressive, touching and 
painful account of the circum- 
stances surrounding the death 
of a senile old tody is universal 
in its reflections on the diffi- 
culties of all of us in dealing 
with okl age and death. 

for 30 years: 1956 was not a 
favourable moment for a film 
about corruption and hypoc- 
risy within the Party. A Polish 
film. Custody, completed in 
1983, deals forthrightly with 
conditions in a women’s 
prison in the Seventies. 

This year’s presentations of 
restored silent films with mu- 
sic are Erich von Stroheim's 
monumental Greed, with 
orchestral accompaniment by I 
Carl Davis, presented by 
Thames Television; and Mur- | 
nau’s classic horror story 1 
Nosferatu, presented by the 
Munich Film Archive. Two 
hundred films are bound to 
indude a lot you might not 
want to see; but there can be 
no complaint about the choice 

1 . compclti ng dramatic presence: 
LONDON London should be hearing 
nrDT T - rc I more of this cellist, not least „ 

ULdU 1 j I with London orchestras. “ 

^ . "... ■ Mary Rose LangfiekL who - 

Jhe _ Montreal-born cellist hasjust joined Cologne Opera ; 
Sophie Rofland 15 an ex pen- as a junior principal, is a 
enced and much-travelled strikingly individual dramatic ? 
soloist. It was not so much her meso. The vigour with which » 
natural confidence and tech- ^ started her Purcell Room 
meal assurance that were redial with Granados's La - 
remarkable at her Wigmore \taja Dolorosa was almost 
Hall recital as her eagerness to alarming The brilliance of tbe 
search into the stylistic cor- head-voice and the stentorian • 
ners of every idiom she resonance of the chest are 
touched, and to listen imagi- equally well integrated and, as * 
natively to the voice of her ^ Brah ms Zigeunertiedoi • 
own instrument. showed, wdl-nigh indefei- •» 

In both her Bach and her jmble. 

Beethoven she would pay $he must now leant how to - 
clCMe aitentiont 0 what seemed mould her voice into a means 
subsidiary and, subordinate in rather ihan an end in itself, 
the music. This strengthened H er Britten Charm ofLulla- ■■ 
the contours of an already revealed a lack of ex- 
bold perfonnance; the Suite pressive flexibility, the speed - 
No 3 displayed a grace and c f response is there, but the 
balance in the double-stop- cunning and sophistication in 
ping counterpoint, and the projecting it are as yet lacking. 
Sonata in D. Op 102. showed u JT 

off her ability to produce the H.r • 

finest legato most delicately 

matched to the equally •Warren Mitchell and Fen- 
responsive piano-ptoying of ella Fielding star in Mo litre’s 
Carmen Picard. This ability to The Miser , running at the 


listen then re-create gave her 
Debussy Sonata unusual mo- 
mentum, and her Hindemith 

FRANK AND W0JI 6ER0 presnt 

Birmingham Rep from Nov- 
ember 4 to 29 (with previews ; 
from Friday). 


Comic collisions: Paul Moriaity (left), Gary McDonald 


Tron, Glasgow 

Everything comes in triplicate 
in this programme of musical 
theatre: three brief plays, a 
cast of three and three writers 
with different approaches to 
triangular relationships and 
the use of Edward McGuire's 
music to explore them. 

Marcella Evaristi's Trio 
(with strings), the final piece 
of the evening, is the only one 
, to deal with the play's musical 
dimension by incorporating it 
into the theme. A small ghi 
from a working-class family is 
transferred to a “posh" school 
With a flourishing orchestra 
Vhen her dad wins the pools, 
lumiliated before her class- 
ifies for her musical ig- 
rtnrnce and caught between 
Np “best friends", she grad- 
uay establishes her position 
art comes, symbolically, to 

art comes, symbolically, to 
umerstand the previously for- 
eign lang ua g e of music and to 
mai* it her own by teaching it 
in ajnore accessible form. 

. Uto slight, stylized story- 
line Vma ins very much on the 
sura?, but the appeal lies in 
Evarhfs ready witand use of 

rhythmic, often rhyming di- 
alogue to echo the musical 
theme, together with her 
understanding of the excru- 
ciating jealousies and parental 
embarrassment that can dog 
small girls’ lives, and also in 
Myra McFadyen's endearing 

Marianne Carey’s Love 
Joan is. by contrast fer more 
conventional in structure, us- 
ing the music more as an 
atmospheric - backdrop. It 
shows a recent widow (Mela- 
nie O’Reilly) coming to terms 
with her mixed feelings of 
freedom, grief and guilt about 
an extramarital affair. It is 
interesting in its exploration 
of areas of self-deception and 
contradictory emotions, but 
the structure, a series of one- 
to-one encounters combined 
with monologues from Joan, 
begins to pall and produces 
repetitive patterns on the part 
of the east, not overcome by 
Michael Boyd's direction. 

Both he and (he cast are 
much more subtle and imagi- 
native in Tom McGrath’s 
Thanksgiving. The most com- 
plex of the plays, it eventually 
falls staon of its promise with a 
rather tome ending, but it is 

of dialect teaching and other 
post-Independence innova- 
tions. In other words, he to 
harking the same system that 
has prodaced the Illiterate 

It seems that Mr Rhone has 
difficulty in sqaariag his argu- 
ments vrith his personal sym- 
pathies. And the ptoy is at its 
most effective as an exu- 
berantly comic coUtskra be- 
tween a group of educational 
free-toaders all fighting for 
their own little patch of 
ground. As such, Yvonne 
Brewster's prod action offers 
lively performances from Paul 
Moriarty and Gary Mc- 
Donald; and an alarming study 
to clerical go-getting from 
Malcolm Frederick. 

Irving Wardie 

constantly interesting, inter- 
weaving themes on a personal 
and broader level and it uses 
the music m a fescinating, 
almost frightening way. 

Set in America on Thanks- 
giving Day during the Iranian 
hostage crisis, it explores the 
relationship between Ben. six 
months away from his English 
wife and children, and Amy, 
an American also involved in 
a long-standing relationship. 
As the themes of indepen- 
dence. guilt and possessive^ 
ness become tangled up in 
Ben’s mind. McGrath weaves 
in McGuire's haunting music 
to highlight Ben's feelings, as 
the musicians eventually in- 
vade the stage. Though the 
play stops short it creates an 
eerie atmosphere, balanced by 
McGrath's playfully witty 
treatment of two of his themes 
— obsessive patriotism and 
the all-intrusive media - as a 
huge television set starts giv- 
ing orders and inviting per- 
sonal confession. It also 
produces the strongest perfor- 
mances from Robert Mc- 
Intosh. Melanie O’Reilly and 
Myra McFadyen. 

Sarah Hemming 

A glittering and disturbing 
masterpiece. The play has moved to that 
Intimate theatre The Ambassadors, where 
it offers a really breathtaking evening.' 





1 dont think rve had such a satisfying 
night In the theatre bi years. 

Its totally absorbing- 


Vi* ill 

magnificently done 1 


'One of the great theatrical 
high points of the last year, ff 
not the last ten years. 
Asuperlatlve cast extraordinarily 
controlled production and 
brilliant adaptation.' 



s '™ s November STai6RAPH 

perfo rm ances are sefling out fast 


Booking 01.8366111 Credit Cds 01.836 1171 or First Call 01^40 7200SSKigr 

Mud-slinging Colorado 
race for Senate may 
keep the voters at home 

From Michael Binyon 

_.S to Jgfaps are hoping, 
when President Reagan 

"'fi, tomorrow in an 
swtog the balance 
in one of the nation's closest 
S*™* *«s. for at least a brief 
re^ue from mud-slinging. 

_ For . neck-and-neck 
struggle between two local 
congressmen for the seat va- 
cated by Senator Gary Hart 
has degenerated into such 
vituperative name-calling that 
even the campaign activists 
are embarrassed. 

Each has offered a truce in 
the negative television adver- 
tising: each blames the other 
for rejecting th e terms; each is 
resigned to an increasingly 
bitter end to an already polar- 
ized campaign. 

Mr Tim wirth, aged 47, the 
Democratic contender, and 
Mr Ken Kramer, aged 44, his 
Republican opponent, have 
already spent around SIS 
million (£1.7 million) each to 
woo the uncommitted in a 
state of only three million 
people. Each is going after the 
middle ground and each ac- 
cuses the other of being an 
extremist “outside the 

Both may be the losers 
because the polls show that 
people are so incensed by the 
reckless and often unsubstan- 
tiated accusations flying 
around they may refbse to 
vote at all. 

The two candidates, ideo- 
logically far apart, are both 
struggling for name recog- 
nition and attempting to 
poach on each other's tra- 
ditional territory. 

Mr Wirth. with a strong 
liberal voting record in his 12 
years in Congress, makes 
much of his tiscal conser- 
vatism. his support for de- 
fence and for many of 
President Reagan's foreign 
policies. He boasts endorse- 
ments from Mr Paul Nitze, 
President Reagan's aims con- 
trol adviser, from Denver 
businessmen, from prominent 
moderate Colorado Repub- 
licans. and even from a board 
member of the powerful and 
ultra-conservative National 
Rifle Association. 

Mr Kramer, an avowed 



conservatives’ conservative, 
who opposes abortion and 
sanctions against South Africa 
and advocates spending up to 
$1,000 billion (£689 billion) 
on Star Wars, is seeking the 
support of the Hispanic 
minority, claims he is the 
candidate of women's rights 
and single parents, and cham- 
pions environmental issues. 

The Democrats accuse Mr 
Kramer of “a campaign of 
disinformation, misrepresent- 
ing his record and Tim 

The Republicans contend 
that Mr Wirth is a hypocrite — 

USA f 

an extreme liberal in Congress 
who poses as a moderate 
centrist in Colorado. As a 
result both men — highly 
educated Harvard graduates — 
spend most of their time 
calling each other liars. 

Of course, there are big 
issues for Colorado on which 
both agree: cleaning up toxic 
waste, protecting Colorado's 
spectacular mountain en- 
vironment. helping the tour- 
ism and ski industry, getting 
Denver out of its current oil- 
induced slump, and curbing 
rising unemployment 

Ideology also bends conve- 
niently to pork-barrel politics. 
Mr Wirth, who had doubts 
about Star Wars, is not letting 
Mr Kramer remain alone in 
advocating huge strategic de- 
fence contracts for the space 
industries in Colorado. 

But so far the campaigns 
have only skirted these issues. 
Instead they have con- 
centrated on such things as Mr 
Kramers missing a key 
congressional vote while 

attending a fund-raising event, 
his alleged extremism, and Mr 
Wirth's supposed role in the 
disastrous break-up of the old 
telephone monopoly and his 
preference for the East Coast 
establishment at the expense 
of Colorado interests. 

Part of the shrillness lies in 
the difficulty for each side in 
finding and controlling a real 
issue. There are too many 
imponderables. Is Colorado, 
surrounded by conservative 
mountain states, moving right 
because of immigration and 
demography? Does the mem- 
ory of Gary Hart, who has 
largely kept out of the cam- 
paign, help or hurt Mr Wirth? 
Does Mr Kramer's aggressive 
manner compare well or badly 
with Mr Wirth's smooth 
charm and good looks? Will 
the overwhelming advantage 
of the Democratic candidate 
in the simultaneous gov- 
ernor's race — also between 
two newcomers — help the 
Wirth senate campaign? 

President Reagan, enor- 
mously popular with voters of 
all parties, may rise above the 
scrapping when he endorses 
Mr Kramer tomorrow. But 
even his visit is unlikely to 
haul the campaign out of the 

For Denver especially, 
proud of its recent transforma- 
tion from a raucous and 
unkempt city of cattle ranch- 
ers and prospectors into a 
sophisticated and gleaming 
regional centre, the campaign 
has been a sad embarrass- 

V- • •• 

President Mitterrand of France and the Chancellor of West Germany, Herr Helmut Kohl, at a bilingual press conference. 


French health care 

hunt boy Sick pay more to cure debt 

F6IU&66 From Diana Geddes, Paris 

W . _ in i se .J a eilAilAA «« 

Mr Tun Wirth: in a bruising 
Senate campaign 

Machel black box offer to experts 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

The Soviet Union an- 
nounced yesterday that it had 
proposed to the Montreal- 
based International Civil Avi- 
ation Organization that it 
should send experts to witness 
the opening of die sealed flight 
recorders from the wrecked 
Tupolev 124 plane in which 
President Sam ora Machel of 
Mozambique was killed. 

Mr Gennady Gerasimov, 
the Kremlin's chief spokes- 
man, told a press conference 
that the invitation had already 
been forwarded to the ICAO’s 
headquarters. The Soviet Gov- 
ernment was reserving its 
position on the cause of the 
crash until investigators had 

finished their inquiry. 

No date was given for the 
inspection of the two black box 
recorders, which tape flight 
data and conversations on the 
flight deck. Mr Gerasimov 
said that the invitation to the 
independent experts had been 
extended by Moscow because 
South Africa felt that die word 
of its own officials would not 
be trusted. 

• Code needed: The Soviet 
Mack box flight data recorders 
can be read by any expert — 
provided they have die nec- 
essary code book (Our Air 
Correspondent writes). 

All Western nations use an 

identical code to decipher the 
dots and dashes which make 
np the constant stream of 
information being automati- 
cally recorded onto the Mack 
box's metal tapes. These codes 
show, for example, where the 
investigating officers should 
look for engine data or height. 
Each new item of information 
is given a special code word at 
the beginning of the recording 
to help the identification 
But the Russians ase dif- 
ferent codes. The electronic ! 
information on tire tape is just 
the same, but without the code 
book it would be difficult to 
know what the information 
related to. 

Stockholm - Two Lebanese 
refugees, refused permission 
to stay in Sweden as part of a 
crackdown on suspected ter- 
rorists using the country as a 
“safe base”, threw their son, 
aged five, from a second- 
storey window of the hostel at 
Uppsala where they were be- 
ing held pending deportation 

The child, who may have 
been injured, was picked up by 
waiting relatives and driven 
off. Police are searching for 
him and say he will be 
deported with his parents 

Pollution plan 

Copenhagen — The Danish 
Government has unveiled a 
five-year, £830 million plan to 
stop pollution threatening the 
western Baltic. 

Tuna moves 

Canberra (Reuter) — The 
Soviet Union will continue to 
seek fishing agreements with 
South Pacific island nations 
despite the region's multi- 
million dollar tuna deal with 
the United States, a Soviet 
Embassy official said. 

Secrets act 

Kuala Lumpur (AFP) —The 
Government has proposed 
controversial amendments to 
Malaysia’s Official Secrets Act 
providing mandatory jail 
terras of up to 14 years. 

The French Government 
has derided to ask tire sack to 
pay more for their health care, 
rather than raise state health 
insurance contributions, in an 
attempt to save £1 billion a 
year in the debt-ridden public 
health service. 

Spending on public health 
care is expected to total a 
record 323 billioa francs (£34 
milliou) this year, leaving the 
health insurance scheme with 
a deficit of 5.6 billion francs, 
which would rise to 15^ 
billion francs next year if 
nothing woe done. 

Instead, M Philippe Segnin, 
tire Health and Social Services 
Minister, has derided to ask 
employer and mrion repre- 
sentatives, who jointly admin- 
ister Che insurance scheme, to 
carry out a series of cost- 
saving measures, including in- 
troducing charges for the first 
time for several hundred thou- 
sand people who formerly 
received free health care. 

Unlike the British, the av- 
erage Frenchman has to pay 
initially for health care, but is 
then usually reimbursed either 
in part or full by the health 
uHnrance scheme. 

A visit to a general prac- 
titioner, for example, normally 
costs 75 francs, of which 70 
per cent is reimbursed. Medi- 
cines and other pharmaceuti- 
cal products prescribed by the 
doctor are reimbursed at a rate 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

of 70 per cent if considered 
essential for the patient's 
health, and at 40 per cent if 

However, certain categories 
of patients, suffering from one 
of a list of 25 particularly long 
and costly illnesses, are fully 
reimbursed for all their costs, 
whether or not they are related 
to the particular illness. 

The French Government 
has now derided to update the 
list, discarding some diseases, 
such as leprosy, and mdndiig 
new ones, such as Aids (ac- 
quired immune deficiency syn- 
drome), for a new total of 31 
“privileged^ Alnesses. 

If tiie Government's recom- 
mendations are accepted, pa- 
tients will from now on be able 
to daim fall rehnhnrsemeot 
for treatment only directly 
related to their principal long- 
term Alness. 

M Segnin said: “A diabetic 
will no longer be able to daim 
100 per cent of the cost of the 
treatment for a bead cokL" 

The Government is also 
p lanning to phase out what is 
knowH as tie “26th illness", 
which is not a specific illness 
at all. Bather it is a system 
under which anyone who faces 
accumulated medical costs of 
more than 80 francs a month 
after the normal reimburse- 
ment can have any supple- 
mentary costs totally paid for 
by the state. 

About 500,000 people cur- 
rently benefit from the system. 

In addition, the Government 
is planning to increase the cost 
to the patient of certain opera- 
tionSj and to increase the daily . 
hospital charge, first in- 
troduced by the previous 
Socialist government, from 23 
francs to 31 francs. 

In order to deter famines 
from using hospitals as a 
cheap form of old people's 
home, tire charge wfll be 
increased substantially to 
more than 70 francs a day for 
patients occupying a hospital 
bed Em more than 18 months 
or two years. 

The Government is also to 
begin charging postage for 
people darning reimburse- 
ment from then local health 
insurance office. 

Because of the high residual 
costs of public beattfa care far 
France, two-thirds of French 
people choose to take out a 
secondary private health in- 
surance, known as the “mn- 
tnelle”, to which they 
contribute at a basic rate of 1 
per cent of their salary, up to a 
salary ceiling of about £9,000 
a month, in return for getting 
all titeir resninaJ costs paid. 

Local auth o rity aid is usu- 
ally available for those who do 
not have supplementary msnr- 
ance and who cannot meet 
their medical Mils. 

Brussels (AP) — The Euro- Belgian confidence vote avoided 

• Brussels (AP) — The Euro- 
pean Community Commis- 
sion has proposed uniform 
safety standards for toys to 
reduce accidents. 

Power failure 

Dhaka (Reuter) - Bangla- 
desh has suspended plans for a 
nuclear power plant because it 
cannot raise funds. 

Brussels (Reuter) — Be- 
lgium's coalition Government 
avoided a parliamentary vote 
of confidence yesterday, giv- 
ing it breathing space to 
resolve a dispute which threat- 
ens its survival. 

Deputies voted 106 to 74 for 
an agenda for the day's busi- 
ness, omitting the expected 

confidence vote over the affair 
of a French-speaking mayor 
dismissed for failing to submit 
to a test of his Dutch. 

The centre-right Govern- 
ment has been working to 
limit the damage from a split 
along language lines over the 
dispute involving Mr Jose 

Happart, Mayor of the Fouron 
group of villages in the Flem- 
ish part of Belgium. 

After King Baudouin re- 
jected an oner by the Prime 
Minister, Mr Wufried Mar- 
tens, for the Government to 
resign, Dutch-speaking and 
French-speaking, ministers 
patched up an uneasy truce. 

Bonn and 
France are 
cautious on 
arms deals 

From John England : 


Herr Helmut KohL the 
Chancellor of West Germany 
and President Mitterrand of 
France ended a two-day 
Franco-German “cultural 
summit" in Frankfurt yes- 
terday on a decidedly 
uncultural note, speaking 
mainly about East-West disar- 

They said at a joint press 
conference that any US-Soyiet 
agreement on the removal or 
American medium-range mis- 
siles from Europe must be 
balanced by a reduction there 
of the Soviet Union’s superior 
conventional forces. 

Herr Kohl said European 
security must not be un- 
coupled Grom that of the US 
and it should not be possible 
in future to fight ware in 

M Mitterrand said he was 
not against considering the 
“zero option”, but was waiting 
to hear of the context in which 
it would be placed. Earlier, he 
told a French television inter- 
viewer that discussion on it 
bad not yet gone far enough 
for France to adopt a firm 

At the press conference be 
said France, which had its 
own nuclear arsenal, believed 
the question must be viewed 
as pan of a military whole 
including short-range and 
strategic nuclear weapons and 
conventional forces. 

Herr Kohl added that 
France should participate in 
talks on conventional forces, 
as he had recommended to the 
Americans during his trip to 
Washington last week. The 
West German government be- 
lieved such talks could take 
place “under the roof* of the 
East-West conference on sec- 
urity and co-operation in 

The “cultural summit”, 
which was also attended by M 
Jacques Chirac, the French - 
Prime Minister, agreed a pack- . 
age of measures on Monday * 
aimed at deepening cultural; 
and educational links between - 
the two countries including r 
exchanges of school pupils, ^ 
students and apprentices and 
greater efforts to enequrage 
the learning of each other's 

West to press 
human rights 
at Vienna talks 

Brussels — Balance between 
security issues and human' 
rights matters will be the key 
word for' the Western agenda 
at the' 35-nation review con- 
ference on security and co- 
operation in Europe due to 
convene in Vienna next weds 
(Frederick Borman writes). 

The need for agreemsrts on 
arms reductions will be 
pressed by the East Bloc 
countries, Mr Warrdn Zimm- 
ermans, the chief US delegate 
to the conference, said in 
Brussels yesterday, whereas 
the West will insist on compli- 
ance with human rights 



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or simply 


a sad case? 

What can parents do with a grown-up child 

v vfe /V • ' -••••• • • 

>.;-. v. 

who tyrannizes them but who refuses to 
accept their love, and whom no one else will 

■ ■'■ ■■*.►••.•• • 

j. ■■■ : / 


help? Should society wait until a crime is 
committed — or someone dies — before it 
takes action? Maijorie Wallace investigates 

Michelle is a beautiful 25-year-old 
girl, well-educated, and much loved 
by her family. Her father, Brian, is a 
professional man in a north London 
practice. Her younger brother; Rich- 
ard. is a student Her mother, 
Sheila, who is extremely close to her 
daughter, keeps house for the 

But Michelle is not allowed to 
visit In feet the family have set her 
up in a flat of her own and taken out 
an injunction to keep her away. For 
her dependence on her mother is so 
strong that she can live neither with 
her nor without her. Michelle has 
assaulted Sheila on several occa- 
sions, hurting her quite badly. 

Brian, and Sheila are caught in a 
tragic double bind: the more they 
try to help their daughter, the more 
helpless they become. Doctors, 
psychiatrists and counsellors advise 
them that they must sever contact 
with Michelle, while neighbours, 
police, even complete strangers who 
find her in distress, accuse them of 
neglect and beg them to take her 

Sheila now spends bleak days and 
nights agonizing over what has 
happened since Michelle first began 
to act strangely eight years ago. She 
dreads the sound of the telephone, 
knowing it will be another cry for 
help from the exiled, tormented girl, 
so the family uses an answering 
machine to intercept the calls. 
Earlier this month Brian was up 
early and played back the tape. 

“Dad, it's me. I don’t feel very 
well. I don't know what to do. I've 
gone insane and everything. I need 
you and Mum very badly. Tell me 
what to do. I warn to come home. 
You’ve got to pick me up straight . 
away.” It was Michelle's usual kind .. 
of message - anguish mixed with 
threat and manipulation. A second 
message followed, more pathetic 
than the first. *Tm not crying or 
anything. I’m just a bit worried. I 
can't carry on.” 

An hour later, while Brian was 
dressing upstairs, there was a crash 
of splintering glass. He ran down to 
find Michelle climbing in through 
the shattered living room window. 
Richard, who was breakfasting 
downstairs, guessed what would 
happen and rushed upstairs to 
protect his mother by locking her in 
her bedroom. Sheila rang the police. 

Michelle calmed down, made 
herself a cup of tea and went to look 
at her old room, now sad and 
empty, because her bed and all her 
possessions were transferred to the 
flat. A few minutes later the police 
arrived and took her to Hendon 
Magistrates’ Court to be bound over 
to keep the peace. Brian knew she 
would be released and sent lack to 
the fiat, just as depressed as before 
and without receiving the help she 
needed. In despair, he derided to 
apply for a summons for criminal 

“It's a terrible thing to take out a 
summons against the child you love 
with all your heart-” he said. “But 
she has been in and out of hospital 
for seven years. . No treatment 
worked. She is getting no medical 
treatment now. We need help.” 

.As he pleaded with the mag- 

istrates in one of the court rooms, 
Brian could hear his daughter’s 
screams resounding from the cells. 
But his efforts proved unnecessary. 
Michelle refused to agree .to the 
terms of being bound over and was 
sentenced to three weeks' imprison- 
ment in Holloway. 

Two weeks ago, she was released. 
The prison psychiatrist Dr Edgar 
Unwin, told iheparems that he did 
not find her sufficiently ill to make 
an order to send her to hospital 
compulsorily, and because throwing 
a brick through a window was not a 
serious offence, they could not 
detain her any longer. Arrange- 
ments were made for her to go to 
Shenley Psychiatric Hospital, 
Hertfordshire, but the staff were 
reluctant to have her back (she had 
taken herself in and out of there 
three times in the previous month). 
On the morning of her release from 
prison, the family were told'thai a 
mistake had been made and no bed 
was available at the hospital. 

So within hours Michelle, carry- 
ing her suitcase, was back outside 
her parents' house shouting, and 
banging on the door. The onslaught 
became more furious. “I'm your 
daughter. You must let me in." she 

“At first she didn't know we were 
there," Sheila says. “We park our 
cars, around the corner and hide - 
when she comes. Then everything 
went quiet and I thought she had 
left Then 1 heard a Tetter come 
through and crept to pick it up. My 
eyes met hers through the letter 
box.” When’ she realized thai her 
mother would not open the door, 
Michelle rushed into the road and 
lay down. Sheila and Brian, know- 
ing that they could not help, had to 
watch from a window as the cars 
swerved round her. She was dragged 
back by passers-by and after the 
police arrived, she wandered away, 
a forlorn figure. 

“I just longed to run out and hug 
her." Sheila says. “But she would 
only attack me again.” 

Last week Brian tried to break the 
stalemate by invoking a summons 
for breach of the injunction on 
Michelle returning home. But the 
local social services intervened, 
threatening to withdraw offers of 

- .‘:4 



■ . .. . • ,<!•; • 

■- / -j*- J 

•• > w: 

Michelle’s mother: ‘The social woriters don't realize how desperate we are* 

help in financing a place in a hostel 
and closing their books on the 
family. “We had no alternative but 
to forget it," Sheila says. “The social 
worker condemned me for trying to 
get my daughter into Holloway. 
They don't realize how desperate we 
are. It is our only chance of getting 
medical reports.” 

Michelle was a slight, shy girl of 
17 when she first showed signs of 
mental instability. “We were having 
a family Sunday lunch.” recalls 
Sheila. “Michelle ran upstairs to her 
room, screaming with a pain iii her 
head. She was breathing fast and 
looked as though she were in a fit 
We called a doctor who sedated 
her ” From then on Michelle be- 
haved strangely, sometimes 
haranguing her mother and at other 
times following her around like a 
frightened lost child. “Sometimes 1 
would find her curled in a corner of 
the room like an embryo,” Sheila 
says. “ 'Mummy, mummy, do you 
love me? 1 She would ask again and 
again but when I reassured her she 
would kick and punch me.” 

Michelle was taken to a series bf- 
psychiatrists. each referring her on 
to a colleague. , and she became a 
patient in- several psychiatric hos- 
pitals. She has been diagnosed 
variously as suffering from 
“endogenous depression”, “phobic 
anxiety", “identity crisis” and “epi- 
sodic discomror. In the last eight 
years she has been treated with anti- 
psychotic drugs, anti-depressants, 
and electric shock therapy. 

In desperation her parents ar- 
ranged private clinics, but she 

6 1 longed to 
run and hug 
her but she’d 
only attack 

me again 

would always run away and no one 
was prepared to detain her. “We 
couldn't drive her back because she 
would try and throw herself out of 
the car or grab the steering wheel,” 
says Brian. “We had to pay for 
private ambulances to take her back 
and then, sometimes jn a few hours, 
'She would be out again, ringing us 
from some station.” 

In February 1984. Michelle was 
admitted under a six months hos- 
pital order to Spyways adolescent 
unit for behaviour modification. 
Even Spyways (which was later 
closed for its use of “controversial 
methods”) made little impression. 
By the end of the "year, she was 
admitted to the Bethlem Royal 
Hospital near Beckenham. Kent, 
and was diagnosed and treated as a 
schizophrenic. Michelle showed no 
change and her behaviour on week- 


The professionals offer little hope 
for Midielle and her family. She 
foils between all the labels and 
therefore slips through the medical 
and legal constraints. She is not 
suffering from a recognized mental 
Alness, is not mad enough to 
warrant sectioning to hospital, nor 
has she committed any crane. 

“She is in grave danger to hersetf 
and others at this time,” says 
Henry Meyer, a retired menial 
welfare officer who is befriending 
the family. 

Hospitals will not admit her 
because they do not Uke disruptive 
patients. One psychiatrist told me 
that, since she is likely to commit 
suicide, his limited time 1$ better 
spent on more treatable cases. 
Social workers have to choose in 

Happier times: Michelle and Sheila 
whom to invest resources. While 
she is roaming aronnd, there fa no 
one who can find, let atone help her. 
She needs to be contained. 

“Every psychiatrist sees a num- 
ber of people like titis,” says 
Anthony Clare, Professor of 
Psychiatry at St Bartholomew's 

Hospital. “They are not suitable 
for hospital or prison. They are 
very unhappy, self-destructive peo- 
ple. The only comfort is that as 
they grow older, the drive depletes 
and by the time they are 40 years 
old, they will settle down.” 

Robert Blnglass, Professor of 
Forensic Psychiatry at Birming- 
ham University, fa also pessimistic. 
“Society has done nothing for 
people who do not fit the 
categories,” he says. “It all comes 
down to resources. Many of them 
would be better off in small highly 
staffed specialist units. The nearest 
we have are the medium secure 
units, but they are only now being 
built It is a fine balance between 

the tibettyof the individual and the 
protection'^’ the public.” 

ends at home became even more 
disturbed. “We couldn't hold a 
rational conversation with her,” 
Sheila says. “If you took her 
shopping or to a 'restaurant she 
would make a scene and have to be 

Just before Christinas last year, 
Barnet General Hospital, where 
Michelle was now a patient, with- 
drew medication and she seemed to 
improve. In a final bid for normal 
life. Michelle and her parents signed 
a “contract” of reasonable behav- 
iour and she returned home. But 
within days, the contract was bro- 
ken and this time it was Sheila who 
was taken to hospital in a state of 
collapse. On Christmas Day Mi- 
chelle was made to move into a flat 
of her own. 

Her parents know that she cannot 
cope. She has no friends and her 
illness makes her unable to attend 
out-patients or accept help. Four 
general practitioners have already 
banned her from their lists and at 
the end of this week, she is being 
rejected again. “So for we have been 
unable to help her in a constructive 
and meaningful way,” they wrote to 
her parents, “and we are not very 
optimistic about our ability to do so 
in the future." All the hospitals in 
north London have refused to 
readmit her. Three hostel places 
have fallen through because of her 

“There is nowhere for her to go.” 
her father says. “We bought her this 
flat but she pesters the neighbours 
and the manager is asking me to 
evict her.” 

The social services, with their 
emphasis on civil liberties, have 
taken little notice of the parents' 
plight. “When we saw her, Michelle 
was not a danger to herself or others 
in our presence,” they wrote, 
explaining their reluctance to sec- 
tion her to hospital. 

Sheila is bitter about the lack of 
compassion from the doctors and 
social workers. She feels their 
advice has only damaged the family. 
“They tell us to cut her off, that she 
is drowning and will pull us down 
with her. But we can’t have a 

moment of pleasure without feeling 
guilty, knowing she is in despair.” 

It is Michelle's own protection 
that Brian and Sheila are seeking. 
“The Holloway psychiatrist told us 
they could provide no further 
medical help until Michelle com- 
mits a serious crime — which he 
thinks is quite on the cards.” Brian 
says. “All we can do, they say, is 

A snip — for brave 
little soldiers 

I n a quiet north London 
side-street, where the 
October sun was shifting 
the last of the morning shad- 
ows. a young man wearing a 
suede jacket and carrying a 
large plastic briefcase paused 
outside the open door of a 

The Marie Slopes 

Clinics’ vasectomv 

service mav be 

10 years old, but 

Georgian house. Thought- 

its clients still 

folly he sauntered past, 
dealy. after going only a few 
yards, he turned and shot 
back through the door. 

Minutes later, his jacket 
was on a hanger, his briefcase 
was on the floor, and he was 
spread out on a table in only 
bis shirt and socks. In a voice 
that held only the faintest 
tremble, he said: “I’m not 
really used to strangers play- 
ing with my bits and pieces.” 

Wasn't he a brave little 
soldier? Indeed he was. But 
then so are all the men who 
attend the vasectomy session 
at the Marie Slopes clinic. It 
is 10 years since the first 
quaking male stepped 
through the door. All those 
who enter there may not 
abandon hope, it is true, but 
they certainly resign all active 
interest in further extension 
of the human race. 

“We’ve got two children 
and don’t want any more.” 
the jacket man said. He had 
his hands locked behind his 
head and his gaze nailed to 
the ceiling. 

“Quite right,” said Dr Tim 
Black. “It'll only take a 
minute . . . Had it done my- 
self. . . Little injection, stings 
a bit . . . In catering, are 

Verbal analgesics. Dr Black 
calls it, and n works. While 
the patient chats about cater- 
ing, the doctor works on the 
bits and pieces displayed 
through a hole in a sheet of 
blue tissue paper. He has got 
the entire procedure down to 
four minutes, a feat which for 
speed and efficiency rivals a 
pit-stop wheel change. 

“There.” The doctor 
picked up what looked like a 
large red plastic pepper-pot 
and sprinkled the area with 
talc. “Avoid heavy liftihg, but 
all the sex and drink you 
like.” Sex and drink and no 
heavy lifting? It sounds like a 
male definition of paradise. 

In the waiting-room, before 
and afters mingle. One by one 
the pale-faced recruits be- 
come four-minute veterans, 
their feces glowing with scar- 
let beams of triumph. The 
atmosphere is that intoxicat- 
ing mix of fading apprehen- 
sion. growing relief and 
boyish self-congratulation 
that you might find at the end 
of an O level physics exam: it 
was hell, boys, but we did it 

seem strangely 

apprehensive . . . 

than wait for months — or 
even years — for the NHS. In 
some inscrutable way. re- 
action to the clinics varies 
geographically. In Spain, 
home of Hemingway's 
cojones. it is very successful. 
In Scotland, they had to pack 
up for want of clients. 

The customers have 
changed in the last decade. At 
first the dinics expected 
hordes of middle-class lib-; 
ends, the whale-savers and 
cress-eaters who have the * 
capacity io worry about 
things like the future of 
mankind. Instead they got ’ 
lough working-class blokes. 

T hey were men who had 
had the responsibility 
for organizing contra- 
ception and they wanted to 
put it on a permanent basis. 
The vasectomy clinics have 
been particularly successful 
with men who were confident 
of their masculinity - fire- 
men. policemen. Now the 
clients cover the whole range: 
in the waiting room, side by 
side, they read share prices 
and football results, but they 
tell the same son of stories 
with the same self-mocking 

The tanned young geolo- 
gist. with “I'd Rather Be In . 
Tunisia” on his T-shirt, said 

A nd why not? Women 
may laugh at these 
heroics, I know, but 
they're used to it- To them, 
it’s just so much plumbing 
work. It isn't pure medicine 
either what we're dealing 
with here is masculinity. This 
morning, a computer man, an 
American professor, a Scots 
geologist on leave from the 
Far East, a baker and a 
primer, had conquered prim- 
itivism and done it. All 
married, all with children. 
Over coffee, they found corn- 
ton in old jokes. 

“I've seen vets do it when I 
worked on a farm.” said the 

“Hope I don’t get wrinkles 
like Parkinson.” said one. 

“Oh, I don’t know.” some- 
one replied. “I wouldn't mind 
if I could have his money." 

At their 1 8 centres through- 
out the country, the Marie 
Slopes clinics have operated 
on 40,000 men in the last 10 
years. Many men. with the 
decision made, would rather 
pay £77 and go to the clinic 

he'd picked his appointment - 
to coincide with opening m r \ 
time. He was heading for a •• 
restorative pint. 

Through the baiwing 
doors. Tim Black, who is ’■» 
chief executive as well as a | 
snipper, had another client 
on the table. With Radio 2 , . 
playing, with no masks and .. 
caps, and with his manner of > 
cheerful maieyness. Tim , 
aims to strip the operation of - 
formality. He succeeds. , 
“Here we go.” he says. “Little • 
incision, find the vas. little 
incision in that, coagulate-* 
with electric needle. Finding 
the vas is the only tricky bit. 
Look there it is.” 

“Uke a noodle." I said. 

“Or spaghetti," he said. ^ 

As Tim Black shook the ,* 
talc pepper-pot. the man on 
the table said his wife hadJ.' 
taken him to see a play about - 
a place like this. At the local 
rep. One of Alan Bleasdale's. 

“Really" said Tim Black. ^ 
“What was it called?” 

The man sat up. ■ 
“Actually.” he said, “it was ! 
called 'Having a Ball’.” 

“Very appropriate.” said !’ 
Tim Black. “Very appro- • 
prune indeed.” 

Colin Dancan ; 

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A round-up of news, 
views and information 



which originally cost £500 and 
upwards, and are resold for 
£250-£350, a price that tor 
dudes the Exchange's £50 
commission. London brides 
seeking a bargain or who wish 
to resell their own wedding 
dress should glide along to 44 
Pimlico Road, London SW1 
(01-730 8708), where dream 
dresses can be altered to fit a 
different-sized bride. 

Chief chef 

Quote me... 

Continental children are wel- 
comed virtually everywhere 
with open arms and hearts, 
yet here in Britain one is hard- 
pushed to find establish- 
ments which don't turn their 
noses up at tittle ones. So 
Peaudouce, the nappy peo- 
ple, have compiled a guide to 
more than 2,000 restaurants, 
pubs, museums and hotels 
around England. Scotland 
and Wales which welcome 
children. The guide costs 
£2.95 (plus 55p postage and 
packing) from Peaudouce 
UK, Rye Park Industrial Es- 
tate, Rye Road. Hoddesdort, 
Hertfordshire EN11 OEL 

Reaching for her wooden 
spoon and beating up a quick 
orange and walnut cake is 
not perhaps, how most of us 
see the Prime Minister - but 
tiie pupils of a small school in 
the Midlands certainly do. 
They have produced The 
Pochin School . Cookbook 
(Hamfyn, £3.99) in aid of 
Leukemia Research. Among 

“The only good thing to come 
out of oil this is my baby. She’s 

Ann Murphy* former girl- 
friend of Nezar Hindam. 

the celebrity-donated recipes 

is Mrs Ts favourite cake. 

Still burning 

Wise women 

Sylvia Scaffardi, at 84, has 
lost none of the otrtraseous- 
ness which fuelled her tireless 

Best dress 

In relative terms, a wedding 
dress fa often the most expen- 
sive garment a woman will 
ever buy. worn just once and 
condemned to gather dost The. 
Wedding Dress Exchange (a 
new division of the dress hire 
company One 'Night Stand) 
stocks 150 secondhand gowns 
(with one careful lady owner) 

Half, the Earth is part trav- 
elogue, part guidebook — and 
the very, first to address the 
special . problems facing 
women alone. Concise travel 
notes suggest suitable 
accommodation, appropriate 
clothing, entry requirements, 
potential problems and where 
to turn for help. . It is one of 
Eandora Press’s Rough 
Guide series, and costs 
£5.95. Bon voyage . . . 

fight for civil liberties in the 
1930s when she helped her 
companion, Ronald Kidd, to 
found the Council for CWI 
Liberties (later the NCCL). 
Throughout her fascinating 
career she has paid tittle heed 
to convention. Fin Under The 
Carpet (Lawrence & VV is hart, 
£4.95) fa an evocative account, 
written with wit sensitivity 
and wisdom. 

Josephine Fairley 


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at bay 

War on Want staff, 1 learn, have 
been unhappy for months about 
their director. George Galloway, 
who was accused yesterday of 
using charity funds to foster an 
expensive lifestyle and further his 
career as a Labour politician. So 
disturbed were they about the way 
that last year’s W o W council 
elections were handled that they 
insisted that the Electoral Reform 
Society should be brought in to 
oversee last month’s elections. 
Galloway strongly objected in a 
written memorandum, which he 
eventually withdrew. Among 
Galloway associates voted on to 
the council this month are Amin 
All. proprietor of the Red Fort 
restaurant in Soho (a favourite 
Galloway haunt) and Alex Kitson. 
former deputy of the Transport 
and General Workers Union and 
ex-Labour NEC member. The 
council already included two offi- 
cers of Glasgow Hillhead Labour 
party — where Galloway is 
prospective parliamentary can- 
didate. Galloway has denied the 
charges about his extravagant 
lifestyle and staff were yesterday 
expecting an equally robust chal- 
lenge to their other complaints. 

Virgin woollie 

Not content with having his lace 
beaming from newspaper pages 
and television sets, Richard 
Branson has found another outlet 
for his raffish good looks. He is 
modelling cardigans in a brochure 
for a Norfolk manufacturer. Black 
Sheep. How did the company’s 
managing director. Clare Hoare, 
persuade him? “I am his aunt,” 
she explains. 


i Tone w 

‘If you can't beat ns, join ns’ 

Shadow play 

Giles Radice. Labour's education 
spokesman, could be in fora nasty 
surprise this morning. Last night 
speculation was rife on Labour 
tack benches that the Winchester- 
educated Radice will be found to 
have lost his seat when the 
Shadow Cabinet election results 
are announced later today. Dis- 
satisfaction with Radice's recent 
lacklustre parliamentary perfor- 
mances has led to the conviction 
among many MPs that the party 
needs a more dynamic speaker to 
match the slick performance of the 
Education Secretary. Kenneth 
Baker. .Another casualty could be 
Bob Hughes, Labour's transport 
spokesman. Likely newcomers? 
I’m putting my money on David 
Clark, the diligent member for 
South Shields, who is expected to 
garner hard-rigbt votes going beg- 

g ng following the departure of 
wyneth Dunwoody. 

Keen Ken 

Ken Warren, Tory chairman of 
the Commons trade and industry 
committee, was so keen last week 
io attend a No 10 reception for a 
departing Downing Street official 
lhat he rushed early from a do 
where Prince Andrew was guest of 
honour. Emerging from his taxi in 
best bib and tucker, Warren 
knocked on the Prime Minister's 
door, only to be told he was 
precisely one week early- “A 
complete waste of time, nts wife 
told me yesterday, adding that 
Warren is now in America, so 
unable to make the event tonight. 

Philip Larkin 
sketched this en- 
caged giraffe on 
the back of an 
agenda paper du- 
ring a Hull Uh- / 

iversity faculty 
meeting in 1981- 

lt is accompanied 

bv other images 1 
0 f confinement: . 
the condemned it n. y 

cell, a caged bird, t , 

a cat in a box a AJ « $ 

bridal spite — and V 

with odwUj; 
kinaiia, iacladiog bis spectacles 
and his last pendL it go« on show 
next month at University College, 


Counting costs 

These are difficult times for the 
liSLiered Labour Parly activists 
cKnnwsley North. Following 
this week? defeat of the appeal by 

SecoSency W a 8 ai . n . st lhe , 

executive’s imposition of 
" mrSeraW candidate for next 

a J2X? Selection- 1 hear that n 
behind in its subsenp- 

** sen S S Mrtv headquarters. No 

and uie “ ol her conslit- 

are S debt to 
ufP i^Road. il is most un- 


How the West’s food aid 
keeps a tyrant in power 

The fourth defection from Ethiopia within a year has again directed the 1 

world’s attention to the troubled Marxist regime of Mengistu Haile- 

Mariam. Beginning a two-part series on this land ravaged by famine. 

war and brutal ideology, Paul Vallely interviews Dawit Wolde Giorgis 

(right), former head of Ethiopia’s relief agency, now in exile in America 

T he resignation at the implemented his decisions, and all “My agenev was instructed to Ethiopia. The country is mt 
United Nations on Mon- who participate are eliminated, stop them. The police were sent to by civil war. Hie governmen 

day of the Ethiopian Mengistu himself came up with a maitP a human fence around little or' no control over me 

Foreign Minister. Gostau list of 1,000 people to be elimi- Addis Ababa to make sure none of the countryside. Thousand 

WnlHp fmm a nnum-n_ nalnl 1.4 ,u a nonnlp havp hw»n aimmnril\ 

T he resignation at the 
United Nations on Mon- 
day of the Ethiopian 
Foreign Minister. Goshu 
Wolde, from a govern- 
ment “whose shortsighted and 
rigidly doctrinaire policies are 
leading the country and the people 
into misery and destruction” is the 
fourth major defection from that 
regime within the past 1 2 months. 

It comes almost a year to the 
day since Dawit Wolde Giorgis, 
the man who headed Ethiopia s 
internal relief agency during the 
worst mouths of the African 
famine, left Addis Ababa on a 
fund-raising tour. While he was 
abroad he learned that he had 
been denounced by pro-Soviet 
members of the Politburo and lhat 
bis house had been ransacked by 
security police. He applied to the 
United States for political asylum. 
Later his deputy, Berhane De- 
ressa, and the Ethiopian ambas- 
sador to France, Getachew Kibret, 
followed suit. 

Since then Dawit has lived 
quietly in New Jersey, refusing 
almost all requests for interviews. 
But recently he took part in an 
unpublicized seminar with an 
influential but low-profile private 
body, the East-West Round Table 
Discussion Group in New York. 
During the seminar, and after- 
wards in conversation with The 
Times, he made striking revela- 
tions about the working of the 
government of the Ethiopian lead- 
er, Colonel Mengistu, who has 
asked the West this year for 
900.000 tons of food aid — more 
than the combined requests of all 
the other sub-Sahelian countries, 
including Sudan, Africa’s largest 

Aid of that magnitude. Dawit' 
suggests, is what is keeping the 
regime of Colonel Mengistu in 
power. “Ironically,” Dawit says, 
“the Western humanitarian assis- 
tance not only saved millions of 
starving people, but it also saved 
Mengistu and his regime. There is 
no doubt in my mind lhat without 
this help there would have been a 
bloody chaos which would have 
resulted in the removal of 
Mengistu and his henchmen.” 

If one believes Dawit is able to 
separate an element of wishful 
thinking from his political analy- 
sis. then Mengistu’s hold on power 
could be more tenuous than would 
appear to the casual visitor to 
Ethiopia, who sees only the intru- 
sive activity of the security police 
within the capital and of the party 
cadres in the countryside. 

"There comes a time when a 
population has endured so much 
suffering at the hands of its 
government that it feels it has 
nothing to lose by overturning the 
government. That point has now 
been reached in Ethiopia,” Dawit 

He was formerly a senior officer 
in the Ethiopian army. He has 
known the Ethiopian leader since 
the revolution in 1974 which 
overthrew Emperor Haile Selassie. 
Mengistu made him governor of 
the northern province of Eritrea 
(where secessionist rebels have 
been waging war against the Addis 
government for 23 years). 

Since 1974, he says, Mengistu 
has changed from a leader who 
embodied the revolutionary sense 
of egalitarianism and nationalism 
into “a disorientated demagogue 
who has made Ethiopia an appen- 
dage of the Soviet Union” and 
who governs die nation according 
to "subjective fantasies.” 

“He is now a virtual dictator 
and his decisions are not chal- 
lenged . . . He's shrewd and dear 
about his personal objectives. He 
is very swift and cruel when bis 
power is threatened, as when he 
eliminated 1 4 ofhis colleagues. He 
convened a meeting of the stand- 
ing committee of the military 
council and walked out in the 
middle of the discussion. His 
soldiers came in and massacred 

“At a convenient time he makes 
scapegoats of the people who have 

implemented his decisions, and aD 
who participate are eliminated. 
Mengistu himself came up with a 
list of 1,000 people to be elimi- 

"People have thus stopped tell- 
ing him the truth. They tdl him 
what they think will please him. 
He is detached from reality and 
lives in a world created by his 

That much is demonstrated by 
Mengistu’s attitude to issues as 
varied as the war in Eritrea, which 
he still thinks — unrealistically — 
can be settled by force, and the 
vast outpouring of Western aid 
which be believes was nothing 
more than a plot by tbe West to 
undermine the Ethiopian revolu- 

“Just before I left Ethiopia,” 
Dawit says, “I was summoned by 
the Politburo to testify to the 
activities of my agency.” At the 
time, he was director of tbe highly 
respected Relief and Rehabilita- 
tion Commission (RRQ which 
was responsible for monitoring 
agricultural production, issuing 
crop-failure warnings and making 
appeals to Western donor coun- 
tries. He also supervised the 
activities of the 42 voluntary 
agencies which came to work in 
the country as a result of tbe 
famine in which he estimates nine 
million people would have died 
but for the help of tbe inter- 
national community. 

A ccording to Dawit: 
“The subject was the 
political cost of the 
drought During nine 
hours of discussion the 
human problems were not seen as 
the most important issue. Instead, 
what was seen as the most 
disturbing issue was how the 
drought was being used by West- 
ern imperialism to destabilize the 
Ethiopian revolution. 

“1 and my agency were accused 
of collaborating with Western 

The callousness shown by the 
Mengistu regime towards its own 
population was evident in the 
elaborate celebrations for the 
tenth anniversary of the 1974 
revolution. “The government me- 
dia were making every effort to 
hide the famine and divert atten- 
tion to tbe glorification ofideolqgy 
and the new era of prosperity 
under Marxism. 

“At the time the ceremony was- 
being conducted, thousands were 
dying [from the famine] every day, 
thousands had abandoned their 
homes in search of food and 
shelter, or had walked all the way 
from the northern pan of Ethiopia 
to the gates of Addis Ababa. 

“My agency was instructed to 
stop them. The police were sent to 
make a human fence around 
Addis Ababa to make sure none of 
these people could enter, the dty 
and spoil the show.” When he 
later made an unauthorized 
speech to the United Nations, 
appealing for aid, Dawit claims be 
was reprimanded by the Ethiopian 

But Mengistu soon came to see 
how he could turn the famine to 
his advantage. Though his own 
interest in the starving was limited 
to two 1 5-minute stops he made to 
have his photograph taken with 
famine victims at Ban and 
Mekele, he saw that the famine 
could be used to finance mecha- 
nisms of social control which 
would promote the growth of 

In October and November 1984 
the RRC initiated a resettlement 
programme. “Thousands had per- 
ished before reaching shelters and 
distribution centres,” Dawit says. 
“Mengistu wanted to take political 
advantage of this situation and 
launched a massive resettlement 
programme involving 1.5 million 
people. He believed that this was 
an opportune moment to establish 
a model collective forming system 
and it was easier to expedite this 
policy with helpless people who 
were in no situation to put up any 

“There were many volunteers in 
the initial phase, but their number 
was no way near the target that 
Mengistu has established. There- 
fore. force tad to be used . . .” 

The principle of resettling peo- 
ple from overcrowded areas to 
more fertile ones is. according to 
Dawit sound. But it requires 
planning, resources and an edu- 
cated and willing population. “If 
you add the factor of force it is 
bound to foil.” 

Dawit also condemns as ill- 
conceived tbe Mengistu policy of 
“villagization” which has already 
moved three million peasants — 
the target is 20 million — from 
their scattered rural homes into 
large model villages. 

Dawit has little doubt that such 
ambitious programmes could not 
have been financed without for- 
eign aid (both directly and in- 
directly, in the form of massive 
port fees levied on donations of 
foreign food) yet he does not agree 
with suggestions that aid should 
be stopped. “There should be 
other ways of influencing the 
situation inside Ethiopia.” 

The first requirement is for a 
change of attitude on the part of 
the West “The world has yet to 
wake up to the political realities of 

Eurotunnellers stumble in the PR battle 

On the surface it has been a simple 
tale of City institutions being 
unwilling to invest in a high-risk 
pioneering project whose long- 
term returns are at best only 
guesstimates. But beneath the 
surface the tale of the Channel 
tunnel consortium's struggle to 
raise even an initial £206 million 
towards the ultimate cost of £4.7 
billion is one of political intrigue 
and a fierce struggle between those 
who are determined that this 
'‘monument to Thatcherism” be 
built and those — including some 
Conservatives — who are deter- 
mined it shall not be. 

Leading the former group is, of 
course. Mrs Thatcher herself, who 
along with a couple of government 
departments stands accused of 
exerting covert pressure last week- 
end on financial institutions to 
invest in EurotunneL These 
charges are strenuously denied by 
Downing Street, which insists that 
the tunnel is entirely a matter for 
the private sector and simply will 
not be built if the money is not 
forthcoming. Mrs Thatcher does 
believe, however, that the tunnel 
could be one of the great engineer- 
ing projects of the 20th century 
and its non-appearance would be a 
serious blow to her belief that 
what would once have been done 
bv public money can be achieved 
hv private investment. 

Ranged against the tunnel is a 
mixture of pressure groups includ- 
ing ferry companies, port authori- 
ties. MPs and trade unions, all of 
whom would lose materially from 
the tunnel's construction and who 
have been fighting a formidable 
behind-the-scenes campaign to 
undermine City confidence in iL 

Eurotunnel has been com- 
prehensively outmanoeuvred on 
the public-relations front. One 
figure rarely absent from the 
sittings of the Commons select 
committee on the Channel Tunnel 
Bill has been the communications 
director of Sea Containers, the 
parent company of James Sher- 
wood’s Sealink Femes which itself 
bid unsucessfully for the tunnel 
project and is now determined to 
stop iL 

Jonathan Aitken. the anti-tun- 
nel Tory - MP for Thanet South, 
popped up in the Commons on 
Monday to deliver a few headline- 
catch i ng quotes about "min isierial 
shenanigans” and "a busted 
flush”. Transport union officials 
give private briefings saying they 
will boycott the tunnel when built 
Unenthusiastic analysts’ reports 
on the tunnel's investment poten- 
tial are acquired and quickly 

Particular play is made of the 
safetv factor. Videos are circulated 

which quote experts wbo allege 
fire risks from people being al- 
lowed to drive through the tunnel 
in their cars. 

Press com raent may have only a 
limited impact on the decisions of 
potential investors. But irrespec- 
tive of the project’s merits or 
demerits. Eurotunnel's PR failure 
may yet cost it the project 

The key question for the hard- 
nosed fund managers in the City 
of London has always been 
whether the likely financial re- 
turns on the project compensate 
for the risks. The judgement of the 
past few weeks has clearly been 
that they do not Compared, for 
instance, with the attractions of 
many of the government's own 
privatization offers. Eurotunnel 
has not been enticing. 

About 50 British institutions 
were needed to commit a total of 
£70 million — not the sort of 
amount to make the average fund 
manager blink. But ever since the 
winning project was announced, 
sentiment has slowly ebbed away. 
Investors have had lo evaluate 
forecasts that project dividends 
payable as far ahead as the year 
2041 on a whole host of assump- 
tions about costs and revenues, 
interest and inflation rates, and 
the level of traffic. Add to this the 
usual chances of cost over-runs for 
such a large project and the 

political risks of a delay in the 
ratification of the meaty, and tbe 
level of uncertainty is consid- 

Although this first stage does 
not involve enormous sums, it is 
here that these doubts must be 
overcome. The consortium mem- 
bers themselves have put up 
£46 million but. assuming the 
£206 million placing scrapes 
borne by the deadline of 2pm 
today, the bulk of tbe equity 
investment will be raised through 
a £748 million public dare offer 
next summer prior to a stock- 
market flotation. 

The financial plans call for 
stares to be ottered for sale next 
year at a price some 42 per cent 
higher than today’s placing price. 
Thai should, in theory, mean a 
tidy little profit for the .early 
investors — but even this bas not 
proved a great enough short-term 
incentive: Some analysts suggest 
that a figure nearer 30 per cent 
would have been appropriate. 

There are still some doubts 
about whether such a project, with 
its widespread spin-offs for tbe 
economy as a whole, was ever a 
suitable vehicle for private fi- 

Martin Fletcher and 
Teresa Poole 

Michael Meadowcroft 

The realities of 
political unity 

Ethiopia. The country is ravaged 
by civil war. The government has 
little or' no control over most of 
the countryside- Thousands of 
people have been summarily exe- 
cuted. or have disappeared, or rot 
in prison. Any measure taken in 
the name of the ideology of the 
revolution is justified. 

“After 12 years of sacrifice the 
people find themselves in a worse 
situation than under the previous 
regime. 1 cannot understand the 
indifference of the West in the 
presence of this violation of 
fundamental human rights. 

“What we require from the 
West isa firm, consistent policy in 
denouncing the policies of this 
government. And then can come 
specific measures to bring about 

H e rules out overt mill-. 

lary assistance from 
the United States and 
bints at economic 
sanctions, though he is 
vague on details. But what ts dear 
enough is that Dawit Wolde 
Giorgis envisages a major role for 
himself in the organized and 
united opposition he hopes tbe 
West will sponsor. 

One cannot help but feel that 
there is an element of whistling in 
ibe dark in all this. The population 
of Ethiopia, along with the libera- 
tion movements of tbe Eritrean, 
Ttgrean, Oromo and other rebels, 
may feel it is time that Colonel 
Mengistu went, but the generally 
accepted reality is that be will stay 
in power as tong as the army is 
behind him. 

“At the moment the military is 
intricately linked with the Soviets, 
so it would be difficult to bring : 
about any rebellion,” Dawit ad- 
mits. “Then there are tbe different 
security organizations: special sec- 
urity, public security, military 
security, party security and many 
other security mechanisms winch 
we don’t hear about They don’t 
get along together. They're not 
supposed to. They are supposed to 
provide checks and balances and 
all have channels direct to the 
head of state.” 

According to Dawit the 
Mengistu regime is now firmly 
committed to a pro-Soviet pos- 
ition. “He wants to build a 
personality cult, in the image of 
North Korea’s leader, Kim II 1 
Sung, whom he greatly admires. ! 
His decision to stick to Marxist 
ideology is not the result of any 
intellectual analysis or political 
conviction but because it is the 
only system that can give him the 
power to do whatever he likes.” 

The joint objectives of the 
USSR and the Mengistu govern- 
ment are to establish Ethiopia as 
the first fully communist country 
in Africa, by restructuring the 
social fabric and creating a 
regimented and controlled society. 
The second objective is then to 
assume leadership of the com- 
munist movement in Africa. 

“I have heard from the Soviet 
ambassador,” Dawit continues, 
“that they disapprove of some of 
the policies Mengistu is im- 
plementing — not because the 
policies are not right, but because 
they are too hasty. The Soviet 
strategy m Africa is to have a 
degree of success first in Ethiopia 
as an example to lhe rest.” 

A botched job in Ethiopia could 
thus have wider consequences. 
But despite such tactical disagree- 
ments, the Soviets “are basically 
satisfied with Mengistu. A few 
years ago he was looked upon as a 
maverick. They thought be might 
change his mind. But now he has 
established tbe party down to 
grassroots level his alignment with 
the Soviet Union is irreversible.” 


The vast human 
tragedy of 
‘villagization’ policy 

Perhaps the oddest contortion 
ever urged on the True Brit is to 
"keep a stiff upper lip. and keep 
smiling.” Alliance politicians have 
been doing it permanently for the 
past month. However, we neither 
expect nor deserve much sym- 
pathy for the predicament we got 
ourselves into over defence. 

But the Liberal defence angst 
has shed light on a real dilemma of. 
representative democracy. Tbe 
electorate appears to want three 
conflicting things of its politics: 
strong leadership, united parties, 
and politicians who fight for what 
thev believe. “Yes. of course 
David Steel is very much in 
charge.” "The narrow vote was 
simply an expression of our 
concern about some aspects of the 
overall package: the party is of 
course totally united behind its 
main thrust.” “I’ve put down a 
marker for the future. I’ve no 
intention of rocking the boat.” A0 
expressions that typically follow a 
conference debate that leaves the 
tall looking like Marat’s jacuzzL 

All of this ensures that when, as 
at the recent Liberal assembly, it 
comes unsnick, no amount of 
heavy-duty flock wallpaper can 
cover the cracks. Painstakingly we 
have bad to think more, care more 
and confer more. But we still have 
a tot of exposition to do on the 
nature of Alliance policy-making 
and presentation. 

Tbe key difficulty stems from 
the Liberal and Social Democratic 
parties’ correct decision to favour 
unity rather than uniformity. Our 
electoral system encourages mass 
parties and also requires pos- 
session of tbe “party ticket” for 
success at the polls. Consequently 
the parties are too large to be 
homogeneous, and produce a 
series of “tendencies” or “ginger 
groups” while still proclaiming 
unity. They have uniformity, in 
the sense of a single parly struc- 
ture, but lade ideological unity. 

The Alliance parties chose to 
reject the single-party structure 
and instead sought unity over 
common programmes at local and 
national level. By and large the 
electorate tikes it, so long as it 
appears harmonious. But when 
the stream diverges the public gets 
jumpy, as wesaw over defence. 

For the Alliance the problems of 
policy-making have an extra 
dimension. It is difficult enough 
for a single party to balance 
accountability mid topicality in its 
manifesto preparations.- The an- 
nual conference or assembly 
rightly regards itself as the defin- 
itive voice of party policy but it 
can only be a snapshot of the 
issues at that moment On de- 
fence, lor instance, the events at 
Reykjavik changed the whole 
context of British political re- 
sponse only days after the con- 
ference season. 

The parliamentary parties thus 
regard themselves as more up-to- 
date arbiters of party policy, and at 
election time itself the party 

leaders, de fecto or de jure, have a 
veto of sons on policy. 

The crux of the Affiance's 
problem on defence, which so 
gripped the assembled media at 
Eastbourne, was: How do two 
parties create one joint policy? 
Other countries and other liberal 
parties manage to run separate 
party and coalition policies at the 
same time. The FDP in West 
Germany fights for its own pro- 
gramme but also indicates its wish 
to continue coalition policies. The 
MRG in - France has its own 
manifesto but has also subscribed 
to the left’s Common Programme. 

Why should we regard our 
constituents as inherently less 
capable of understanding such 
political realities? Ideally we de- 
velop liberal values and t hi nkin g 
and contribute that to the dis- 
cussion of Alliance policy. 

Without exception the com- 
mentators have missed the crucial 
advance towards this signalled by 
last week's Liberal agreement over 
Alliance defence policy. At the 
Liberal party's policy committee;- 
for the first time since the forma- 
tion of the Alliance five years ago, 
the “due processes” of the party 
sat down together and resolved, 
unanimously, a controversial and 
delicate Alliance policy problem. 
Nobody fried' to hijack the dis- 
cussion, or to impose a text. 
Above all nobody argued for a 

personal position, recognizing that 

tbe task in hand was to take 
existing policy and to fashion it 
into a pragmatic, sustainable and 
sound Alliance defence strategy. 

The outcome, in David Steer s 
words “freeze, and negotiate 
down”, was not intrinsically dif- 
ferent from what was actually 
passed at the Liberal assembly. It 
is different from what was thought 
in some quarters to have been 
passed at Eastbourne! The sub- 
sequent trauma will have been 
worthwhile if it is now recognized 
that real unity comes from includ- 
ing the party. Those who negotiate 
and agree have a duty thereafter to 
persuade and deliver. 

We are in coalition politics and 
we need to come to terms with the 
extra tensions it brings. It is the 
reality of politics that one seeks 
agreement with one’s allies in 
order to win the political battle 
with one’s enemies. As J. K. 
Galbraith says in his memoirs: “It 
is your friends who give you 
power. You can overcome Opposi- 
tion, but you cannot do it without 
allies.” . 

Of course, we all remain in- 
dividuals with individual views. 
As working politi cans we remain 
keen to influence policy in our 
direction. There will be numerous 
Opportunities to do so. I hope the 
public recognizes that h is neither 
necessarily disloyal nor uncon- 
structive to argue a case different 
from colleagues. A House of 
Commons mil of silent party 
clones is a fearsome prospect 
The author is Liberal MP for 
Leeds West . 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Great scoops I’ve 

From time to time all journalists 
are approached by eager young 
people with ambition burning in 
their eyes as bright as football 
floodlights, who ask therm “How 
do you . set about becoming a 
journalist?" I don’t know what all 
other journalists do in these 
circumstances, but I know what I 
da f say: “I haven't the foie test 
idea.” Sometimes I add: “And if 
you ever find out, let me know." 

This isn’t just because I want to 
kill the conversation before it has 
started. It is genuinely because I 
do not have the fomtest idea- how 
to be a journalist, at least not in 
die sense of being a reporter. If I 
were first on the scene of a rail 
crash, 1 have a terrible suspicion 
that I would try to help with the 
rescue work instead of reporting it. 
Worse, if 1 were given exclusive 
knowledge lhat a rail crash were 
about to happen in five minutes, I 
would actually try to prevent it. 
That’s how bad a reporter I am. 

This was brought home to me 
last week when several of the daily 
papers led off with the news that 
Prince Andrew had opted for 
longer-term plans with the Royal 
Navy. Some of them got so excited 
dial they gave the impression be 
was about to become an admiral 
any day. and was on the point of 
leading us into battle with Fergie 
at his side. But to me the only 
interesting thing about this item 
was that I had already known 
about it for a month. 

Without infringing the Official 
Secrets Acl that strange law which 
decrees that the British must not 
learn things which are common . 
knowledge to Russia and America, 

I can reveal that 1 was chatting to a 
man who works for the Admiralty. 

I can also reveal that he men- 
tioned casually lhat Prince An- 
drew was being transferred to a 
longer service list, an item which 
he thought might interest me. I 
thanked him courteously and 
thought no more about it. Last 
week it made front-page news and 
I realized for the first time that I 
must have been silting on a big 

what-worries me stiff about the 
-whole thing, and what makes me 
dread the approach of bright 
young people asking how to 
become a journalist, is that I still 
cannot see for the life of me what 
made it a big story. 

The first time 1 ever witnessed 
the true reporting spirit at work 
was years ago. after a small air ■ 
crash at L^dd. 1 was there to meet 

my parents-in-law, who were fly- 
ing tack from France. It was night, 
and the plane had just landed 
outside. There was obviously 
something wrong with the landing 
because seversT airline staff mem- 
bers ran out info the dark looking 
very worried, after which there 
were about 10 minutes of tense 
silence during which we all fett like 
singing hymns and praying. 

Then suddenly the door burst 
open and a man ran m. He raced 
toa telephone, stuffed money m it 
and said: “Hello? Daily Express? 1 
have a story for you.’ The plane 
from France has just overturned 
on landing at Lydd Airport . . 

It turned out that the man was 
only a passenger, but a passenger 
who knew what to do. Selflessly, 
be tad forced his way out of tire 
aircraft and tad rushed to bring 
the news to the world, and £30 to 
himself ft was what reporting was 
all about 

The only real chance 1 ever tad 
to emulate him came during my 
one visit to South America when I 
got caught up in the June 1980 
military coup in Bolivia. There 
had been TV crews waiting in La 
Paz for a coup for months tat they 
tad all. got bored and had de- 
parted. A week later, when the 
coup came, the only TV crew in 
town was ours, and we were only 
. there to film railway engines. 

The whole dty was put under 
curfew, soldiers, started shooting 
fairly indiscriminately during 
non-curfew hours -and we were ' 
quite lucky to get tbe first flight 
Out three days later. When we 
landed at lima Airport, the first 
eyewitnesses to reach the outside 
world in that time, 1 was ap- 
proached by an eager Peruvian 
who wanted to know every last 
detail of what I'd seen, so oblig- 
ingly 1 told him tbe full story. 

As he rushed away I was 
approached by our cameraman. 
Nick Lera, who had already sent 
his news-film of the coup back to 
London_“You11 never make a 
reporter. Kington,” he said. “That 
man you were talking to is the 
Reuters man in Lima. He's got 
your story now.” 

It’s true. If, for instance. I'd 
known ail this Jeffrey Archer 
business beforehand. I’d just have 
thought: he still can’t handle plots 
property. I don't think I would 
ever have realized that it was a bin 

In foci. I'm not really convinced 
.that it ispow. That’s how bad a re- 
porter I am. 

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apa^wn o f f “ 031 advantage for the Govern- 

lonKbSJ? 2? at hasforto ° ‘ meat in continuing to stand 
cSntrolof S® the aside and let the local 
Most nenni.™ .j spending, authority associations and the 
^people woulri agree that unions fight it pm. 

relativelv Su^™!^- paid ^ Education 

their 10 Secretary’s fete to be saddled 

same At ^ with the responsibility even if 

Sr oSfih^ t, ? acU P n wWl he has little of the power, 
become has Parents are fed up with the 

nn«iMKi^ d f Spre fd* Yet any teacher unions who have dis- 
of applying market sipated much initial goodwill. 

the rate If the unions oppose a reason- 
to attract the right able proposition from the 
tolent has been Government then parents wifi 
erlwi 1 between union-in- know whom to blame. 
SHi C L I ? ay ^tiity and the The basis of a settlement is 
need to keep the overall level . already to hand in the Tepori of 
01 public spending within Sir Peter Main on the separate 

oounos. question of pay pad conditions . 

Against that background the for. teachers in Scotland. This 
present dispute on teachers’ proposes a new pay scale 
® ves the Government — designed to improve manage- 
*h® muons — an opportu- ment control and increase 
nity. The Coventry agreement promotion oppor tunit ies in a 
on pay scales and terms and profession which, as a result of 
conditions reached in July felling rolls, is now contract- 
between the local authority Lag. But the Government wifi 
associations in E n g la nd and want to be sure that in 
Wales and a majority of the introducing a new pay scale it 
teacher unions 1 ' has now eff- is obtaining sufficient 
ectively . disintegrated. Both improvements in the ■ ef- 
the National Association of ficiency of the service. Teacher 
Head Teachers and the assessment has got. to mean 
Secondary Heads Association more than career development 
have backed away from the which is all it amounts to in 
agreement. Meanwhile the sec- Main, 
ond largest teaching union, the Those who urge hi gher pay 
National Association of for teachers or any other public 
Schoolteachers/ Union of servants have to say fiow any 
Women -Teachers, which increase should be financed. 
never signed the agreement, is The full cost of the Coventry 
threatening* return to disnip- agreement would- be £2.9 bil- 
tion in the schools with a series lion over five years which is a 
of half-day strikes from next lot more than the £1.25 billion' 
Monday. over four years proposed last 

' In these circumstances it is year by Mr Baker’s prede- 
time for the Education Sec- cessor, Sir Keith Joseph. Any 
retary, Mr Kenneth Baker, to . increase will make the job of 
take a lead m trying to settle ; the Star Chamber in sti cking to 
the dispute^ There is no pofiti- . the public spending totals 

agreed by Cabinet that much 
harder:; * . - - 

:It is iessential, therefore, that 
any pay increase both im- 
proves die quality of education 
in. schools and seeks to some 

Secretary’s fete to be saddled • extent to balance higher and 
with the responsibility even if more’ flexible pay with proper 

he has little of the power. 
Parents are fed up with the 
-teacher unions who have dis- 
sipated much initial goodwill. 
If the unions oppose a reason- 
able proposition from the 
Government then parents wifi 
know whom to blame. 

The basis of a settlement is 
already to hand in the Tepori of 
Sir Peter Main on the separate 
question of pay pod conditions 
for. teachers in Scotland . This 
proposes a new pay scale 
designed to improve manage- 
ment control and increase 
promotion oppo]Ttunxties in a 
profession which, as a result of 
felling rolls, is now contract- 
ing. But the Government wifi 
want to be sure that in 
introducing a new pay scale it 
is obtaining sufficient 
improvements in the ef- 
ficiency of the service. Teacher 
assessment has got. to mean 
more than career development 
which is all it amounts to in 

Those who urge higher pay 
for teachers or any other public 
servants have to say how any 
increase should be financed. 
The full cost of the Coventty 
agreement would be £2.9 bil- 
lion over five years which is a 
lot more than the £1.25 billion' 
over four years proposed last 
year by Mr Baker’s prede- 
cessor, Sir Keith Joseph; Any 
increase will make the job of 
the Star Chamber in sticking to 
the public spending totals 

control over numbers. 
Brighter opportunities for 
good teachers must' be com- 
plemented by making it easier 
for local education authorities 
to get rid of bad ones. Teachers 
in state schools at present have 
■tenure in everything but name. 
That is incompatible with the 
kind of flexible and achieve- 
ment-oriented profession the 
Government mid the. vast 
majority of parents want to 


Falling rolls have got to 
mean a contraction in the 
profession. An increase in the 
proportion of teachers to pu- 
pils may be desirable in an 
ideal ' wOrid, but ' infinitely 
more important than numbers 
is the quality Of teanhing. 

The bizarre reality of our 
education system is that the 
Education Secretary has little 
power to implement such 
changes. State schools are run 
by the local education authori- 
ties. When dissatisfaction with . 
schooling has reached the level ! 
it has now and our inter- 
national competitors are open- 
ing up a lead as wide as they 
are then the Government can- 
not for ever stand by ringing its 
hands. Mr Baker should back 
any intervention .. in the 
teachers’ dispute by being 
prepared to introduce primary 
legislation giving him limited 
powers to secure the better 
management of resources in# 

the dispute; There is no pofiti- . the public spending totals schools. 


Mrs Thatcher is planning to ■■ ministers were not even there, go the same ws 
visit the European Parliament It was almost symbolic that the theatre has Eun 
in December, to report on the French and West Germans oh to project itself. 
EEC's London summit which Whose axis the Old World has . In its long ba 
by then should have taken spun since the Treaty of Rome greater freedom 
place, and set the seal on were attending their own sum- operating in Eure 
Britain’s presidency of the nait on the day. In fact their, a reduction in , 
Council, of Ministers. She is foreign ministers had- to be .- . Government 
j,said to be . ebullient over contacted white attending a " increasingly, fins 
Britain’s role in Europe and performance at the Frankfurt slow progress. . 
eager ;to lead the way towards opera. . . surpluses the spir 

more cost-effective policies We m now of over-production 

and reform - the way through the six-month “g *■“ Cotnmui 

But that was before this British Dresidencv - which other budgetary ( 

go the same way. In neither 
theatre has Europe been able 
to project itself. 

. In its long battle to secure 
greater freedom for airlines 
Operating in Europe audio win 
a reduction in air fares, the 

foreign ministers had- to be Government has grown 
contacted white attending a ’ increasingly, frustrated at the 

week’s meeting of foreign min- 
isters in Luxembourg, at which 
Sir Geoffrey Howe did indeed 
lead the way - alone. Greece 
would not even endorse the 
verbal condemnation of Syria 
for its part in the El A1 bomb 
plot in London and no-one 
committed his government to 
the punitive action which 
Britain was seeking to promote 
against Damascus. 

The lack of cooperation 
from Athens was unsurprising 
if only • ‘ because Mr 
Papaiidreou’s Community 
spirit is, to say the most, 
lukewarm. He campaigned be- 
fore the 1981 Greek elections 
on a promise to take Greece 
out of Europe and life might be 
easier for everyone if he did. 

But France, West Germany 
and Spain joined Greece in 
blocking a British move to 
recall ambassadors from 
Damascus and six foreign 

performance at the Frankfort 
opera. ... 

We are now two-thirds of 
the way through the six-month 
British presidency — which 

slow progress. As for form 
surpluses the spiralling costs of 
over-production are threaten- 
ing the Community with an- 
other budgetary crisis which is 

Jhe^ OmSSSr WaWugtbuEurepcau 

upon with some enthusiasm. 

When it began on July 1. ^ 

Whitehall was surveying a J? 

number of areas in which 
progress might be made under 
British leadership, notably the 
completion of the internal 
market by 1992, the reform of 
the common agricultural pol- 
icy (CAP) and the vexed issue 
of farm -surpluses and the 
growth of a European voice in 
foreign affairs. With two 
months to go it looks unlikely 
that the achievements will be 

In foreign .affairs, for exam- 
ple, Europe’s voice is if any- 
thing more discordant than 
ever. Its role in Southern 
Africa has diminish ed rather 
than grown and in the Middle 
East (the other region in which 
it was hoped die Community 
might play a bigger part) its 
influence now looks likely to 

been averted through a com- 
promise negotiated by the 
•European Commission with 
British encouragement Euro- 
pean-US relationships have 
also been eased by the solu- 
tion, agreed this week, to the 
long-standing dispute over cit- 
rus and pasta foods. 

But these are not the stuff 
that visions are made of and 
this week's events in Luxem- 
bourg have served only to 
underline the difficulties 
which divide Europe rather 
than the common interests 
which unite it Unless progress 
towards the European dream 
accelerates in the next few 
weeks, Mrs. Thatcher's mes- 
sage to the European par- 
liamentarians will need to be a 
very sober assessment of what 
being a European is all about 

The sexual and violent abuse 
of children has always been a 
matter which arouses deep 
public concern and, indeed, 
deep public anger. For that 
reason, any proposal which 
promises to reduce the number 
of such crimes is certain to 
receive a warm welcome. Un- 
fortunately, it is also likely to 
receive an uncritical one. 

At present partly as a result 


Dient abuse poll question covered “non- Two ref 
rays been a touching” incidents such as reservedly 
>uses deep seeing a . “flasher” which. Childline 
id, indeed, though distressing,’*!* likely to telephone c 
For that 1 be less traumatic. But we lean use to c 
asal which should also consider the .to a seemi 
the number possibility that some of the which will 
certain to respondents to the*poH were some despe 
[come. Un- embroidering events which children an 
so likely to had occurred many years pro- lives. Also 
j one. viously. Home Seer 

r as a result - . .Similarly, when the claim allow an al 

of crime figures showing in- . that most sexual abuse of 
creased abuse, partly as a result children occurs within, the 

of advance publicity for the 
television programme, 
Childxvatch , which is to be 
shown tonight, a number of 
proposals to change the law 
relating to sexual abuse so as to 
make it easier to obtain 
convictions are under dis- 
cussion. These axe supported 
by the widespread views that 
abuse is much , more common 
than is generally believed, that 
it is generally perpetrated by 
parents rather than by strang- 
ers and is thus very difficult to 
detect, and the children never 
tell lies about it 
There is some truth in alt of 
these views, except perhaps 
the last but it is difficult to 
know precisely how much. A 
1 984 MORI poll, for instance, 
reported that one adult in ten 
claimed to have been sexually f 
abused as a’ child. That com- 
pares with the figure of less 
than three thousand prosecu- . 
lions for sexual abuse last year. 
Part of this discrepancy arises 
from the fact that the prosecu- 
tions were for. serious crimes of 
itirestand the like, whereas the 

family is examined more 
closely, it emerges that such 
abuse is proportionately . m uch 
less likely to be committed by 
natural parents than by a step- 
parent, a live-in lover, or some 
other relative. The less 
“normaT the household, in 
fact, the greater the probability 
of sexual abuse. 

It is important to question 
the belief that parents are 
frequently among the more 
serious threats to their chil- 
dren. Were we persuaded of it, ’ 
we would gradually come to 
view normal displays of family 
affection as somehow sinister 
and suspicious. That m turn; 
•would have a chilling effect on \ 
genuinely loving relationships 
between parents and children. 

■ But there are’ some sexually 
corrupt parents. And the pro- 
posed legal reforms are do-, 
signed to solve the problem 
that sexual abuse is hard to 
prove in families where a . 
mixture of threais and linger- 
ing affection inhibits the child 
from making, and perefctting 
with. aoc»«tinn.^ j : 

Two reforms can be un- 
reservedly welcomed. The 
Childline confidential free 
telephone calls which a child 
■can use to obtain help amount 
.to a seemingly modest step 
which will nonetheless help 
some desperate and unhappy 
children and may even save 
lives. Also sensible is the 
Home Secretary's proposal to 
allow an abused child to be 
sensitively cross-examined via 
a two-way video link away 
from the intimidating at- 
mosphere of a courtroom. It 
will reduce, if not entirely 
eliminate, the additional 
tra uma of confronting the 

It is also argued, however, 
that since children very rarely 
lie about sexual abuse, the 
existing requirement that a 
child's evidence has to be 
corroborated can safely be 
abandoned. That would 
amount to abandoning the 
defendant’s presumption of 
innocence and must be re- 

It is almost certainly true 
that most children do not lie 
about such experiences. But 
some do. The effect of remov- . 
ing the requirement of 
corroboration, therefore, 
would be to convict some 
umocent people on the staffs- ■ 
tical grounds that most people 
•accused of sexual abuse are 
guilty. To prevent the abuse of 
(dtildreh, we snrelydo.not need 
to abuse justice: 

I From Sir Evelyn Shuckburgh 
Sir. The vole to unseat South 
Africa at the International -Red, 
Cross Conference in Geneva (re-’ 
port, October 27) is a deadly blow 
to the Red Cross movement and 
could prove to be the end of the 
whole concept, of an impartial, 
independent and universal Red 
Cross. Woe betide the human race 
if it proves unable to preserve this 
unique institution, sole inter- 
national agency with the power to 
act for humanity in conditions of 

The universal acceptance of the' 
Red Cross in war . depends ab- 
solutely on its non-political, in- 
dependent and impartial nature. 
For many yean now this nature 
has been under attack in the 
League of Red Cross Societies, 
where the voting Of the 130-odd 
societies is conducted on UN 
lines. Political lining up has 
increasingly dominated the 
league's efom’ons and its derisions 
and there has been constant 
pressure to subvert it to inter- 
national political ends. 

Up till now the loyalty of the 
majority of national societies to 
the true principle* of the Red 

Sir Peter Hall 

From Lord Rayne 

Sir, Sir Peter HalTs tenure as 
Director of the National Theatre 
has rarely been un controversial 
and the announcement of his 
planned relinquishment of thatf 
role at the end of 1988 will no 
doubt stimulate farther comment 

Without claiming the prescience 
with which hindsight appears to 
aidow so many diarists, it seems 
imety to reoord one supremely 
significant aspect of Sir Peter's 
irigmal appointment and sub- 
sequent achievements. 

When the question of identify^ 
ing a successor to Lord Olivier 
fist arose, I canvassed a wide 
ange of informed opinion and 
vas rapidly persuaded that there 
vas only one ranriiriatft oms tand- 
ngiy equipped for the post — a 
dew unanimously endorsed by 
ny NT board colleagues. 

The Church and Aids 

From MrCJ. G. May 
Sir, Dr Norman, in his discussion 
[feature, October 13) of the 
lurches' attitude to Aids fails to 
aity his own arguments to their 
ogicaJ conclusion. His analogy 
vith the chriera epidemics and the 
t9th-oentuiy attitude to them is 
tpt, if only up to a point’ 

Cholera was indeed the out- 
xraie of human behaviour. It was 
be result of insanitary conditions 
iroduced by ignorance and neglect 
m the part of the authorities, and 
gnorance and self-neglect on the 
art of the victims, considered en 

Similarly Aids is spread by a 
pecific human act Dr Norman 
udges proper consideration of the 
iroblem by cloaking that act in a 
ague phrase, “certain homosex- 
ual practices”. Aids is spread by 
na! intercourse. Whatever other . 
omosexual acts there are are 

Dr Norman implies that sinceit ' 
as wrong to attribute cholera to 
ivine wrath, it is also wrong so to 
ttribuie Aids. Sir. it is not as 
imple as that In the first place, 
Me it Is crude to see cholera as . 
unishment imposed from on 
igh, it is also sensible to see 
(norance, neglect and above all 
df-neglect as sinfaL To that 
ictent cholera is a punishment, 
isited upon humans by tbem- 

Dr Norman invokes the Cre- 
tan, the essential nature of 
unans, and our gift oflmowledge 
id reason. These are all indeed 
levant but Dr Norman most 
ievously misses^ point We 
tare our origins with our cousins 
e lower animals. None of them < 

Jnit .closure j 

rom the_ Chairman of the North 
a st Thames Regional Health 1 
ahority < 

r. May I clarify what is happen- j 
g about cancer services in the 
orth East Thames Region Getter, . 
clober 22). } 

Folio wing a DHSS recoin- « 
mendation that radiotherapy r 
treatment should be given in large c 
units where there is a wide range t 
of diagnostic and therapy equip- c 
ment and where an extensive set v 
of clinical skills and experience 
can be brought to bear, this 
authority is looking at ways to \ 
1 improve its cancer services as a z, 
1 whole. ; 

The authority will consider its * 
present plans again in the light of a 
comments received from around j, 
the region, following detailed for- . . 
mal consultations starting shortly. > 
Any major unresolved conflict £ 
about the future of a particular £ 
radiotherapy unit mil be referred * 
to the Secretary of State. E 

Yours truly, r 

DAVID BERRIMAN, Chairman, _ 
North East Thames Regional 
Health Authority, J 

40 Eastbourne Terrace, W2. / 

October 24. S 

Cross has usually just prevailed; 
after the recent vote I do noi see 
how it can do so. 

The Red Cross movement has 
two unassailable towers of 
strength: the international Comm- 
ittee (1CRC). which is beyond tee 
reach of these pernicious -in- 
fluences because it is entirely 
Swiss, and those individual na- 
tional societies still motivated by 
the ideals of Henri Dunam. Both 
these elements are recognized and 
protected by international law. 

It is now essential that, between 
them., they should take steps to 
protect the Red Cross against 
political takeover, whether in the 
league or at the International 
Conference of the Red Cross. It is 
hoped that a lead will be given, 
either by the 1CRC itself or by 
some of those national societies — 
and they exist in all the continents 
— which value and respect tee 
unique services of the Red Cross. 
Yours faithfully. 

(Former Chairman. Standing 
Commission, faueroationa) Red 

High Wood House. 

Watlington, Oxford. 

We have all learned a great deal 
in the intervening period, but 
looking back over tee years of 
intensive effort and exhausting 
pressures involved in establishing 
the NT as a vital, viable and 
permanent presence on tee South 
Bank and in theatre worldwide, I 
remain convinced that Peter Hall 
alone could have contributed the 
talent, tenacity and sheer physical 
energy essential to that task. 

That the “durable concrete” to 
which Lord Olivier referred at the 
formal opening by her Majesty the 
Queen ten years ago has, like 
Galatea, been imbued with life, 
warmth and personality is a 
lasting tribute to the passion and 
persistence of Sir Peter's Pyg- 

Yours faithfully, 

MAX RAYNE (Chairman, 
National Theatre Board), 

33 Robert Adam Street, Wl. 
October 28. 

engages in anal intercourse except 
in a very few isolated and specifi- 
cally abnormal circumstances, 
such as zoos and farmers’ fields 
(both the products of human 
interventionX Even there it is a 

it takes humans, with our 
capacity for knowledge and inven- 
tion, to substitute one orifice and 
source of sensations for another. Is 
knowledge and curiosity part of 
human nature? Dr Norman says 
“Yes”. Genesis says “No”: it is a 
characteristic that divides us from 
our true selves — God, as some 
would say. 

None the less we do not need to 
invoke divine wrath to explain 
Aids, nor to form our attitude to it 
The disease is caused by a specific 
act of behaviour that is generally 
regarded as being wrongful The 
justification, however, flows in the 
direction opposite to teat assumed 
by Dr Norman. 

We do not deplore Aids because 
. it is the result of sin. We deplore 
anal intercourse because it is a 
dangerous practice, productive, 
among other things, of disease. It 
is productive of disease because it 
is unnatural. ■ 

What we deplore even more, 
however, is anything that we term 
“self-righteousness”. The prospect 
of persons saying of Aids words to 
the effect of “We told you so” fills 
us with distaste. Sir, we confuse 
being right with being self-righ- 
teous at pur peril. 

Yours faithfully, 


Walnut Cottage, 

Grosvenor Square, 

WeUingore, . 


October 24. 

From Dr Maurice Sutton ■ Nobel lau 

Sir, The closure of the radio- “coined the 
therapy unit at Southend Hospital He d j d Q( 
is just part of a major cancer unit v 

dismantling operation by the --g-j 

North East Thames Regional Nazis, the 

Health Authority (Nethra) and regular use 
will have serious consequences for ^ 

cancer patients from a large part of fro m feeOxj 
London and Essex. certainly not 

Last year the Nethra manage- Yours faithfi 
ment consultants recommended 's. S. EUSTA 
twithout apparently speaking to a n First Stre 
single pa tient) that five radjo- October !7. 

therapy units be dosed, mduding 
the North Middlesex Hospital. 
-This caused such a public outcry 
that Nethra set up a. working, party 
of its own members to review tee 
situation. •• 

They recommended after a 
thorough study (including speak- 
ing to patients) that tee North 
Middlesex Hospital unit should 
remain open. There was teen a 
dosed meeting of Nethra at which 
the recommendation mysteriously 
disappeared and the final outcome 
was that tee unit should close. 

The power of the London 
leaching hospitals was clearly 
demonstrated in tee Nethra de- 
cision. One can only endorse the 
demand in the letter from South- 
end Hospital, that there should be 
an investigation into the manner 
in which the decision was made. 
Yours faithfully, 

Department of Radiotherapy and 

North Middlesex Hospital, 
Edmonton, N18. 

October 22. 

Holocaust origins 

From Mr S. S. Eustace 
Sir, You say (October 15, article 
by Mr Tony Samstag) that the 
Nobel laureate Eire Wiesel 
“coined tee word Holocaust”. 

He did no such thing. Though 
well used when speaking of tee 
recent atrocious crimes of the 
Nazis, tee word has been in 
regular use in English since the 
mid- 1 3th century, as we learn 
from the Oxford (fictionary. It was 
certainly not coined by Mr Wiesel! 
.Yours faithfully, . 


1 1 First Street, SW3. # 

Media material . 
; and the courts 

From the Managing Director of 
s HTX’Ud 

f Sir. Following today's completion 
. (report October 24) of toe series of 

» cases brought against toe media in 
. Bristol, the first under the Police 
/ and Criminal Evidence Act (and 
first reported in The Times on 
f October 15). it is right that 1 
1 should express my grave concern 
L about the impact of these legal 
judgments upon editorial freedom 
. - in this country. 

If it is to become common 
practice for police forces in Britain 
to seek unpublished material each 
time there is a public disturbance 
teen tee position of reporters and 
news crews as impartial observers 
is significantly weakened. This has 
profound implications for the 
safety of our staff and toe full and 
accurate reporting of the events 

On the first point our staff will 
find themselves unwitting targets 
if it is demonstrated that their 
material wilt be used in court. The 
abuse and injury sustained by 
journalists and cameramen in toe 
Bristol disturbance is sufficient 
testimony to the reality of this 
’ danger. To- toe extent that this 
may inhibit their movements and 
operations it will also inhibit the 
free flow of information, so far 
accepted as essential to an in- 
formed democracy. 

It is a sad fact that civil 
disturbance is a common feature 
of life in many countries. This is 
something that all media organ- 
isations in Britain regret and my 
company is no different. We will 
always uphold toe law. 

But toe Police and Criminal 
Evidence Act, and this particular 
use to which it is clearly going to 
be put is, to me. an example of bad 
law. In seeking disclosure of 
unpublished material if the free- 
dom of broadcasters and journal- 
ists is to count for so little in toe 
balance of toe argument in the 
courts themselves then we are 
faced with a major erosion of 
journalistic and, therefore, public 

Despite these obstacles we in- 
tend to pursue vigorously our duty 
to toe public and will in future 
resist equally vigorously, through 
toe courts, any unwarranted 
disclosure. 1 know that colleagues 
in all media will share my concern. 
Yours faithfully. 


Managing Director, 

HTV Ltd, 

The Television Centre. 

Culverhouse Cross. Cardiff. 

October 23. 

BBC libel action - 

From Professor P S Atiyah 
Sir. Sir Eldon Griffiths. MP, asks 
today (October 23) why BBC 
licence holders, rather than the 
individuals responsible, should 
pay toe damages and costs of the 
recent libel anion. 

The answer is that the risk of 
such libels is an inseparable 
concomitant of media activities, 
and those who benefit from these 
activities must expect to pay toe 
• fall cost in the long run. 

In much the same way, toe cost 
of blunders by governments and 
their supporters has to be borne 
and paid for by the public. 

Of course, extreme irres- 
ponsibility or bad faith on toe part 
of those personally responsible 
would raise different issues, but 
that would need to be property 

Yours faithfully, 


Sl John's College, Oxford. 

Measure for measure 

From the Reverend Canon Donald 
W. C. Mossman 

Sir, The Metrication Board, before 
its dissolution, was doing very 
nicely, and we were well on the 
way to becoming metric. Now we 
are in a position where Alice in 
Wonderland would have felt at 

A glance in my kitchen cup- 
board reveals teat whereas salt, 
pepper, cornflakes, tea. instant 
coffee, butter are marked only in 
grammes, flour is marked metric 
with an avoirdupois translation. 
Car users think of petrol prices in 
gallons, but the pumps serve litres. 
Televirion weathermen mark 
their maps in Celsius, but translate 
their figures orally into Fahr- 

Are tee British so dim that that 
they cannot go metric entirely, or 
is tee Government afraid to lose 
votes by compelling street traders 
to change their weights? In my 
local market, nearly all fruit is 
anyway sold by 21b which, after 
all, is roughly a kilo. Some 
supermarkets mark meat in 
pounds and decimals of a pound 

In Europe we are already famed 
for compromises. French house- 
wives do not know how sun pie 
their everyday life is in compari- 

Yours, faithfully, 


1 Bishop Street, 

Islington, Nl. J 

October 27. j 

OCTOBER 29 1S47 

Known as “Old Fuss and 
Feathers" because of fus stem 
sense of discipline and formality. 
General Winfietd Scott f 1 786- 
1866} became chief general of the 
US Army. He waged a successful 
campaign against the Mexicans 
earlier in tee year, culminating in 
the occupation of Mexico City. 
Brave wards from the Mexican 
leadership could not disguise the 
country's weak position. By the 
Treaty of Guadalupe - Hidalgo in 
February. 184$. Mexico ceded 
nearly all of what is now included 
in New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, 
Nevada, Arizona and California. 


The execution, by order of 
General Scott, of the Irishmen in 
the Mexican service, had called 
forth the following address, pub- 
lished in a supplementary number 
of the Diario del Gobierno, the 
official organ of the Mexican 

“Mexicans!'— Among tee Euro- 
pean volunteers whom the Ameri- 
can army bas hired to kill us, there 
are many unfortunate men who are 
convinced of the injustice of this 
war, who profess the same Roman 
Catholic religion we profess, but 
who, being harassed by the misery 
which prevails in Europe, from the 
want of employment and the 
failure of crops, have consented to 
enlist Some of these men, abjuring 
their errors, and following the 
noble impulses of their hearts, have 
passed over to our army to defend 
our just cause. From these his 
Excellency the President formed 
the Foreign Legion, known under 
the name of the Company of St 
Patrick. At La Angostura and at 
Cherubusco they bore themselves 
with the highest intrepidity, and 
after the enemy had gained posses- 
sion of this last point, which was 
only after its defenders had ex- 
hausted their last cartridge, they 
were made prisoners. 

“The generals of the American 
army, who cannot count upon their 
soldiers in a war so iniquitous save 
through the influence of acts of 
ferocity, were determined to shoot 
these Irishmen. Scarcely was this 
known to the city, before every 
breast was filled with horror at the 
thought. His Excellency, the Min- 
ister of Relations, in a touching 
letter to the En glish Consul, the 
estimable lady of her Britannic 
Majesty’s Minister, various private 
individuals, both Mexicans and 
foreigners, we ourselves . . . inter- 
ceded for these brave men, and we 
expected that if they could not be 
pardoned, they would at least be 
spared capital punishment. 

". . . Well, tfw»n. will you believe 
it, my countrymen? This day, in 
cold blood, these Caribs, from an 
instinct of superstition, and after 
the manner of savages, and as 
; practised in the days of Homer, 
have hung up these men as a 
holocaust — they have themselves 
said it — to the manes of the 
general or generals who fell there! 
And in what manner did they hang 
them? Noosing them by the neck 
as they stood upon toe ground, and 
so suspending them that they died 
by inches', strangled by their own 
weight, the mode adopted being 
such that their horrible agony 
lasted more than one how* — a 
spectacle worthy of such men, or 
rather demons escaped from bell. 
This tbty did with 18 of these 
unhap py men. and among them the 
brave Captain Reilli, whose head 
they stuck upon a spike, and 
planted at Cherubusco. To six 
others, who proved that they had 
not volunteered but been im- 
pressed, they gave 200 lashes each, 
and compelled them to dig the 
graves of their companions. 

“Mexicans! These are the men 
who call us barbarians, and who 
sgy they come to civilise us. These 
are the men who have plundered 
the houses of the surrounding 
villages — who have stolen children 
from their families — who have 
slept in the niches devoted to the 
sacred dead — who have with 
blasphemous revelry, clothed 
themselves with the ornaments of 
the altars — who have thrown upon 
the ground the body of Jesus 
Christ, and have made themselves 
drunk in drinking out of the sacred 
vessels! . . . 

“Mexicans! — The Supreme 
Government conjures us in the 
name of the honour of our race — in 
the name of our dignity as men. 
and of God himself, that we should 
all unite by one continued and 
u n a n imous effort, to revenge these 
great outrages, to yield never to 
dismay, and' to wage this war 
without truce and without relent- 
ing. May remorse seize upon every 
selfish or cowardly Mexican who 
cannot say to himself that he has 
fulfilled every duty as a public 
officer and a good citizen; who has 
not contributed by every means in 
his power towards this war — with 
bis person, with the influence of 
his position, with a part of his 
fortune, with his labour, by main- 
taining a number of soldiers — by 
aiding every way those who fight, 
and who has not so employed the 
means which God has given him 
for his service and that of the 
country in which God has placed 
him, that His image shall not be 
cut down, nor his holy name 

“Mexico, Sept. 10, 1847." 

Ease of access 

From Lord Allen of Abbeydafe 
Sir, When Professor Hausman. 
from Massachusetts (October 25) 
has done telling us how to organise 
our immigration service at 
Heathrow, many of us would 
appreciate h. if he would turn his 
attention to Kennedy and Los 
Angles airports. 

Yours faithfully, 

House of Lords, 

.October 25. 

Merrily on high 

From Councillor J. I*. Trimming 
Sir, In a world beset with worries, 
depression, and futility a brief but 
inspiring moment of hope and 
optimism came from tee chimes 
of Southampton Clock Tower at 
4pm yesterday — amid toe hurly- 
burly of traffic the sweet tones of 
“O God. our help in ages past”. 

Goodness does make news: 
congratulations to toe city coun- 
cillors of Southampton. 

Yours faithfully. 


Campion. 2! Hinton Drive, 
Cfowthome, Berkshire. 

October 24. 

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Overseas;* Matrimonai settlement i 

■ Consolidate Existing Borrowings 


• Shops, Factories, Etc. 


A Tmtaigar House Company 


r Horned 

London . 
ecs : " 


- : N A NCI A L St rl 


• R-er AdyiC*. 

f’nincpf.uft . 



01-623 3495 err. • 


BUCKFRUBS SCI An exonuxuUy spans 2 bedroom 3rd floor 

kitchen, l m t room & dodnoom. Garage partung. Offers in regan of 

E10OW0. ^ 

H ar oro SO WCI Unoue oo o wftwty to aeram two 2 teftooen 
nonsion Hats n vary guts mews. 5 mas Totanftam Com fid. Snort 
Leases (may dmde) £140,000. 

ssssssssss. snea 

large lounge, knften. 24 hr porter. £129599 

01-830 7321 


Euxttent Value Flats - Priced F« I— wdite Sales 
fSfSySWtB El* MM HOAD, to 

recently decorated 

(torn Its m mod P/6 wsn open asoeei m oenod bu*lra 

^%22iI«wns3Bnk 2 Be& Spurn tong Heap an 

Sock «U> stteflrn mews 3 BeOS 

no*® .Ttartfv 

MWT ^ £149.500 


nmtottoor am. a cnaimmo Hal with br» 

SSrsiem Itaoixxi: seduded rear Garoen m ojffl 
mtft Sv areeL 2 Beds; Ban. Show 

. RecesnRMr seduded rear Garnen i m 
Bammom; sireeL 2 Seto' Ball. Stow Bn 
c I ]8,000 Recap’ Kit 96 VEASS £129600 

Chelsea Office: 

01-352 1066 


CMSWiCKj Wj 4. Exceptionally soadous 3/4 roan garden 

CHISWICK. W A. Part Rd. Superior 4 bed 3 recep super kit 
family bouse until 100' West facing garden. Fully mod mused 
to fttfi standmj. £2 10. OCX). 

BIS LANE, W4. Two sta»ti & spacious Manna/nveiside 4 
bed twntrauses writ pnvata gardens. Double garages. 
£195.000 & £198.000. 

NETHSUYON RD, W4. Very amactive & spaacus’s/d mod 
house. 4 beds. 3 reaps. lOtJ' gdn. £198.000. 

01-995 8904. 


Second floor Gal in Exclusive anw iuu off Ciwcnor Square. 
Larar L snared reception. La^c Master bedroom plus 1 other 
Double bedroom. Maids vnUi shower room. Spacious 
fined balbroum. plus puesr ctoakroom. Neff fined Lilcftea. lift. 
Central beating. 24 bout Pon e rag e , in good decorative order. 50 
sears lease. For eariy compkaion. Vacant no». 


01 439 9051 ext 22, Office boon. 




RESIDENTIAL department 
TTU 01-790 9660 

SI JOrnSdOCO ErttHe*" 5e V '•* 14 c.» 

mw i wft <Be iftan in». rairfief ni Mi-i c tol lKPi <6 


ST jmafc mwo 9raii» , .|iiriroeerw<.^7l«c->« ‘las-iiinwatTSSCSO 

MiUV 5T. W.l. Unc ftr i—tf 2 tec uii MJi2r •!•!» moe Mot*. 

»i (VT-; ‘me 'rtif J •■jrr- err. H jt; 

XEitSveTOA. *i Wn Tie Cun ccv m c*> / - t«ei. .”5 

,» ran-, cO ; mijos irairae *e-i EEiCW T r 

01-637 8471 

ivl- 1 l Lto 

Financial Services 

25a Molcomb Suneet 
London SW1 


130 High Holbom, London WCI 
01-430 1698 

UKUmnKE. SW1. An et aga nt uppw Ar 5 bednn, 4 bdft man si on 
apt m ifte bean of fc rt c t r t songa 66 yr Ise. EC9068C. 

ALSO AVAILABLE. 2 bed ltd si the same tnttng. 66 yr tee. £716600 

CUUHS8T ST. W1. Lp 3 bed, 2 tadi fiat n PB oToatong tin Part. In 
need d some mod. Uasol poaentiaf. WaBaog dteance to raaddly Sq. 
1 TO r Ke. E42Q6B0 

REM0E CQQRT. SE1. Huge 7th & 8Bi fir penthouse in need M some 
rood. PB bh. Hts. Doner, consanr CHAHW. undrTpnd phg. 91 *r Ise. 
£291600 ALSO AVAILABLE 2 bed ton same falacfc. 91 w tee. BNlSaB. 

1ETTWG Wi 4 bed. 2 ban. PB family and npnmftw Barton, tttfi Si 
rahirti apart. Constant HW&CH. Hts & pong a ge. 



166 Herseferrj Reed. Weson raster. London SWIP 2EF 
TeJepbooc 01-222 7920 

WE6 IMWI ILK, SW1 Probably irta best flat in tins elegant 
Dtack approacned rtreetty from the mpresave lover. 2/3 Berts. 
flec«vl>r«ng. Study (Or Peqroom 3). Both. WC. Kit 24 hour 
KW t x. 47 years. £189600. 

KENSINGTON, 1*8 Realty outstanefing 7th floor (tool flat urth 
Monaartui «en across trees a Lonoon. d Beds. Z aftmdte Bams. 
92?- ^ O ra , 1 ”^ . Dmmg Mas. Supero Kitchen, CH. Lift Porter. 
123 years. £299.000. Stronger recommen oed. 


Stunning 2 bed terrace flax. £84.950. Delightful I bed 
flat £57 J00. 

Pan of a superbly renovated period property in much 
son after rood, north of Common. Purpose interior 
designed, all fixtures & fits, ftnieshea to highest 

Day 01 223 7849 Eves 01 350 0772. (T) 

As an international 
businessman you will 
appreciate London’s 
investment potential. 

The Businessman's 
home from home* 

Luxurious Apartments 
for the international h nsmi»<3iman 
in this famous London building 


FROM £64,750*125 YEAR LEASES 

Sales Office Open Daily: 01-5995100 

MON.— SAL SUNDAY THec 937067 

Bun.— 7pjra- 111*.— fifMD. Fax: 01-225 2286 

Hampton* Sens KrithCaidale Groves 
01-4938222 0F5810I55 

i jmmm 


«VERSa)E MANSIONS El Exoatantly maintained 
ground floor spilt towel Bat 2 good sized bedrooms, 
large lounge, fitted kfchan/dlner, modem bathroom, 
parting spaoe. Highly recommended. £79.000. 
WOODSTOCK TERRACE E14 Superb period style 
terraced house that must be viewed to appractote the 
lunstous features throughout 3 double bedrooms, 2 
a xcoflsn t bathrooms, spit level lounge, dMng room, 
custom fitted kitchen. Central heating. £135,000. 
WAIVING El Exclusive iotvth Boor apartment hav- 
ing outstanding views of -the River Thames. 2 
bedrooms, extensive Joutge. luxury ba th room, tidy 
fitted ktetan. Basement parking. £149,000. 

JAMES TOWN HARBOUR El* Spadous town house 
having out st a nd ing views from a* aspects. 4 bed- 
rooms. an suite shower room, main bathroom, 
lounge, (fining area, fitted Idtchen/ifiner, inteqral ga- 
rage. Private mooring. £175.000. 

WAPPMGE1 Imposing Victorian warehouse conver- 
sion offering a wealth of distinctive features. 21' 
bedroom, luxuriously equipped kitchen, impressive 
kxingB, exceflent bathroom, gas central heating. 
Basement perking. £87,500. 

REVELY LOCK SE16 Wefl constructed town house. 3 
good sized bedroo m s, targe -south facing lounge, 
15*6 fuly fitted Htchen/diner, coloured bathroom, 
cteakrotxn, integral garage. Gas central heating. 

LONDON YARD E14 Newly built Dutch style split 

levN apartment ovBrfcxfidng the River Thtenes. 3 bed- 
rooms. 21 'x 19’ lounge, modem bathroom, separata 
shower room, fitted k&chen. Gas central heating. 
£140.000. v 

CUPPERS QUAY E14 Wall maintalnad first Boor flat 
situated on popular waterside development. 2 bed- 
rooms. good sized lounge, fitted kitchen, coloured 
bathroom, right storage heating: Parking space. 
£ 72^00. 

SURREY DOCKS SE14 Nwfy buKt town house hav- 
ing outstanefing views across Greenland Dock. 3/4 
bedrooms, shower room, b a thro om , lounge, oak fit- 
ted totehan/rioer, c loakroom. Gss central heating. 



ro T |!5-3S«5'5<J5l 



* 4 x 1st INCOME + 2nd INCOkE 



Opan 9am to 7pm 

01-439 1448 

Suits 612 Rattrar House 93 Regent St London Wl 

f-.-HJJ, nMI 


Began n— <y i d a tMteil 2 bednn, 2 tad) to In petege Mock eirt am 
mews enmx. Igs tungrranewfuSyflU tat Rmqp to move Id. £25600. 


Eneste 4 bednn to 3 a sute tedvms & stwr rm. QUe reemdo n . bar. 
dmg nn. new f»6y B let Jest decorad 6 tod. M araerttoHBSiBO. 

Stamford Brook, W12 

Apnadaedene l opmeinty: 

Spfcndid Victorian vieseape. beaotifefor restored and 
refrarbiriied to retain the weaUi of period leatora. 

Besanr reception balLspacknis reception ruon. dminc 
room, tibrary superb kit/bfst room, urilffy room naaer 
bedroom mdi en suite bath & jacuza shr. 6 further 
bed rooms. 3 further bathrooms. sauiia/iacuBL , 'irem 
landscaped Harden, off street parking for 2. 

Leasehold: 98 j^ars. Freehold available. £595.000. 




A sbnnng 2 level apNonmt tob every tecrtjL 3 bartra. 3 acepd. 3 btoe. 
tu*y mm kteften. E279.S0C. 

Tel: 01-221 2221 


INteilTfdNel aptoBomw wans M ft men an 5 
U Nrt sen me. a r% ICBiOa 

non CBBflT. KW.I. Emseotf podonsa 19 flr rot to 26 ibchl K l 

Catt> <37 m (BS%0 

BMra5TMDMW2H»toiipitoHf*i>r P to ra CBBdto. 2 tto 

reon i 4 D 990 Ft ItaOB 

BOBSETSOf^ I«g torpw rased tointeB»toM9*2bBli.iBttS 
b 96 m P7500 

01-486 7325 

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Old flint smithy 
boasts anvil 

and bellows 

■.The Old Forna In 

lire, was 



P^«t, Har. 



H-v . *--*„•• -;>• ‘v - - 

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:: t ** fUi 

— -V?, 

Starxfein m«S, rna8s from PfitersfWcf, 
EK"!*?* acre andhasflvk 

bedroom* SrZr ,re Bcre ananas five 

?S« ani 

mKK. 1 a to°» shed. 

w^KJcrec! with power and 

property empire, fe asking £170,000. 

JS.iSSI^nham, the Audit 


ILEr&Xfr vtews «wihe Rennet 
va^ey, nag three reception rooms and 


Lane Fox and Partners 

are asking for offers arouDd£25Q^}oa 

Sheffield Park, near UckfieM, Sasex, the Grade I Bated Deo-Gothic 
ss well bow for Che adjoarfag National Trast eardeas which oace befoaited to the 
boose as for itself; is for sale by the Isis Grasp at umd £800,000 thrm 
Humberts Loodoo and Lewes offices. The former Tndor tense was remodelled 
James Wyatt between 1775 and 1778 for the first Lord Sheffield and stands in atom 

A 1 *-*- - ' 

S*-v $ 

iUl i * i ! ' 

Town cave 

®^*PStoe House in Reigate, Surrey, 
wasbuitt in the 16th century and is part 
hmbered apd half tile-hung with a tiled 
r°°f. The Grade ii listed house is, in the 
agents words, "remarkably unspoilt" 
which in this case means that tt needs 
extensive renovation. 

What makes it the more unusual is that 
It has a cave beneath it, carved out of 
sandstone. Until recently it was 
occupied for 154 years by the Legg 

The house has 12 rooms, the original 
bread ovens, and outside stairs to the 
basement and cave. Situated in the 
centre of Retgate. it has great potential 
for residential subdivision, restaurant 
antique showroom or offices, say the 
agents, Knight Frank and Rutley, who 
are asking offers around £1 75,000. 

wLSSS/tK* yd ^ ak . d s?^ ed .‘v Capability Brown and Hamby Brown. 
Snmldd fort, where Edward Gibbon is reputed to have w iitteu part of The Prr/me 
out Fall of the Roma* Empire, also gave its same to the Sheffield cricket 
aampfoariup fa A astral* after a Jobflee cricket match played there in the presence 

of the Prince of Wales, later Edward VIL The tease has a positive cefebntfoatf 
reception rooms, state bedrooms, right principal bedrooms and, in the gardens, a 
Gothic docktower and a dOapfcfattd pair of Gothic lodges. Thebo«e haspUnring 
cooseat for conversion to a 53-bedroom hotel 

Garden square blooms 

■ The Hermitage, Box, WHtshlre, is a 
Grade It listed house dating from the 
©arty 17th century, with later 
additions, set witran a walled garden of 
owe h ere. The house has three 
reception rooms, main bedroom state 
and four further bedrooms, with a fiat 
on the lower ground floor and a separate 
two-bedroomed cottage, also Bsted. 
There te a heatto indoor swimming poof, 
and HaWetts Fox and Sons are asking 

Dickensian link 

■ Bury End is a picturesque thatched 
cottage in Hink worth, near Baldock, 
Hertfordshire, once owned by Monica 
Dickens, great-granddaughter of Charles 
Dickens. She wrote several novels 
there, including Flowers in the Grass. 
based on the property, before she left 
to live in America for many years. 

The cottage, dating from 1630, has the 
features you would expect— ingtenook 
fireplace, exposed beams and the like 
— with three reception rooms and four 
bedrooms, it is set in-half-an-acre of - 
gardens, and JoIhvH James of Baldock is 
asking £170.000. 

London's squares are famous throughout 
the world. A nightingale, after all, sang in 
Beikeley Square, the Americans have 
their embassy in Grosvenor Square and 
everyone knows they have to visit 
Trafalgar Square, one of several on the 
Monopoly board. 

Geveland Square is not so well- 
known, though when its houses were 
built is the mid-lSOOs they were as 
expensive as any in the 
Bayswater/Paddington area. Every 
square has its turn, and present activity 
in Cleveland Square shows that it has 
come round again, for many of the 
houses are now being restored. 

The agents Druce and Company are 
selling 12 flats and maisonettes in the 
square, mriuriing - unmodemized and 
modern apartments in these stucco- 
fronted period houses, as well as in 
purpose-built blocks. 

Prices range from £1 15,000 for a 124- 
year lease' on a large two-bedroom 
ground floor flat in a small purpose-built 
block to £595.000 for the 123-year lease 
of a fine maisonette which has a 
swimming pool complex and jacuzzL 
The latter, in Number 41, is on the south 
side of the square and has four bed- 
room^ each with en suite bathroom, two 
reception rooms, and a patio. It is bring 
refurbished to the highest standard, 
retaining many of the original features. 

According to Francoise EDercy of 

Druce’s Bayswater office, this square of 
elegant listed houses with magnificent 
columned porticos overlooking land-i 
scaped gardens has been discovered by 
people who are now renovating them. 

At Number 24/25 a large and partially 
modernized apartment is for sale at 
£250,000. It has a large reception room, 
two bedrooms and a dining-room or 
third bedroom, with a roof terrace. In the 
ever optimistic tenns of the estate agent. 

Agents are equal 
to the challenge 

“a very little work wonid turn this flat 
into a luxurious home". 

Some of the properties in the Druce 
portfolio are similar , but the agents are 
equal to the challenge of saying some- 
thing new. Number 33b is “an extremely 
light flat in Bayswater’s most sought after 
garden square with the added advantage 
of a large west-feeing patio." So there, 
and the price is £120,000 for the two- 
bedroomed accommodation. 

The sum of £1 15,000 will buy a two- 
bedroom flat in a purpose-built block, 
and the dozen p roper ti es on offer 
provide a variety of accommodation in a 
part of London which will smarten up a 
great deal' in the coming months if the 
agents and the buyers have anything to 
do with it 




a w PARK ROAD. SW3 £169,800 

A Chyn wiB Fkrt Fbor Flat with SouSHadng terrace, 
racen sy mogani Bae and redecorated. Hafl. reception 
room, aw kitchen. 2 bedroom s , bathroom. ind-CH. Lift. 
Ueecc Si years. 


A chanpfci B _ Freeh old -Coach House*. complaMy 
Rnosrmed. Entrance ban, cloakroom, spacious fitted 
Mtchen . la Boor drawing room with Wet bar - . 2 bad- 
rooms, Mtraom. Gas CH. Gng&. 

CRAMMER COURT. SW3 £189,000 

A Latqa TNni Ftoor R» tn a purp os e b um btacfc In neap ot 
mooraaanon. temring room. Meehan, 2 bedrooms, bath- 
room. cloakroom. Utt Poner. Lease: 86 years. 


to Extre mely Light and Spacious fourth floor Rtt with 
Southerly aspect. 1/2 recaption rooms. My fitted kitchen. 
3 bedrooms. 2 bathrooms, bid. C.H. Lift. Lmaa: 116 years. 

FEE WAUL SWS £650,000 

A B te mtft ay Rsnoreted PBriod House with stmero River 
news, toposlng entrance had. (tawing room with cano- 
pied Balcony, ttorsry, c onservat ory . dMng room ate 
wehen. 4 bedrooms, (tasting room 3 b a throom s , 
snower room, mud’s room. Long wsfled garden. Lease: i 
*• years. Joint Sole agents with John O Wood. 

01-730 9112 




If you own your own home 
or have existing mortgage, 
you can raise capital now 
and reduce the cost by up to 

Adley Drew Ltd 

has substantial funds 
available NOW for any 
amount up to 


100% Mortgages 
stffl available 
up to 

Highest income 
multiples, special 
scheme for professional 

Lowest interest rates. 

In terms of speed efficiency 
and reliability we consider 
we offer an unrivalled 

/!TR\ adley 

JiW D ^ w 

Now you need look no 
further. Contact the 
Mortgage Dept for an 
immediate decision. 


01-8319844 ® 

mm vamEE east, oemrs mm. mn. m omaw Mass iw» * km m nh* 

Emm was ^ Commsssyers Sort* taong ganu or 

bshmeni aid lor sate on the instraeaonj rt to 


CNBJEA CUUTBM, SVX First cm adwtesL Bw otanM (tat is wqwn ttawenm Mock waster 

■onrm^ WAUL SW7 . a flm second Hoar fte rteri tt rnmoteB acMMon eM hm afwntjM or a 

B.YAST0M COTTAGE. 0UEBB6A1E. SW7. A S MStth m odaiws d and isusmI tags si w jM MMMB.1 




PRICE £337.500 

LOWNDES SQUARE. SWT. A superbly presented 3rd Moor IU reendy modernised liMMQboi M a hub 

You are invited to view 
cm Sunday 2nd November 
this family home which is in need of 
updating, between the hours of 12-4pm 
through Sole Selling Agents Fitzroy - 

anj saqii after knwon. . _ 





20 Montpelier Street Xhighttbridge SW7 1HE 


TELEPHONE 01-431 0184. 





1EU. TEL: 01 546 2121 Ext. 3203/3212 



(More than WStne and Stone) 


we CMMinr. dwr ■ ibm. »mu gouwmwa am kmbi dmsuks. 

Seea mw tCTMofGeawtr (ram a ar Drawn. hoa Mm b« 

TiwH< mtaB Rare? Sawn wo 7 am ran We Hartal r«m o> Urtwora-l W» 

tatoap. m draw m«ns« a w McMoor. cauie is nek w aa lean bug 

Wrtoc iMptMiHraBsai DsyttMaM 



£78,750 F/H 

DETAILS 01 803 8855 

EVES 01 383 3766 







cxmwnsa tortgr* __ _ 

iMrhniiM Cfutti and gaum 

MagnteM 30n ckiwng rocan 
wan working ivopiace artb on^n« 
coning, roar aauopM 
kacnen/pinlng room. ball. 3 

Dnk. m swr UDi & mown 

room lSDyraLMN.Law 

81-3734614 01 




01 631 5313 

mtqna 2 eed ran aa neon 
Ma Pan Eaat.fek cakes. 
| zfitmt tab ttwd tkm 
S3 ys Mc nara 


tta gaol bat mi rar Him 
Pntjucra. i tWKdMflaed 
tt 75 jaflKBD 


I tampMt in Hw » ta oat * 
| rraCwMSatbnbtedttl RwaB 

toanpM acfl4acap Mfcnay 98 

£9&55> pamnusE 

l Bee artaparttera will tolt. 
Good note bl m (ft. ftsofl dtact 
|3 mb a«l t no*. Lonj bra 

I Maeraipn mm t* bw w * 
I sal wdt 3 beds tot i ones. 

■ft w y 89 in.! 



|l M t - TMt M Sfl'l 
Mortgages, Savings, 
Tax Planning, Pensions, 
Life Assurance and 

/ h H6B.K1 V 

8roan> pwwd Nwaa ln^ 
i wcfanb 


bads. kMaga. nnra rm, 


FJH £160000: 


B e rate d G BO H — haaia- 




- . ,and 
Tbo Anoel undwflnrad. 

7h0f S53^““ 

irosteig rm,»ro* 1 1 
■oUdnmi opatog on*- 
gt*t.arayim total 

roo, 5^ F/H - 


FITZBOVU WL Set on 2ad Boor 
ct comma Mote, hAy mod 2 bod 
M. Gas tLH, Hod HLMh. Lear 
ragongs. Long taaetL £850306. 

mmnmi st m. m 

modenasad 2 bed M oa 2nd Boor 
at Mete ate ML Gte GH. Laraa 
nccpL La* (barges. Lara 62 
IBB. £139500. 

03-657 032! 





Hadey Green. 

Uwar aMW IP awe ««• 
uWf ItifflU Sli>e raeeoce « qvM 
fflcSna owrtieSng Greta, j Beds. 3 
Recess Jram Fter 
GCH HuiirwndniteiaiiterHettea 
suiwe* tense atab b SGf «) oarage 
tu atem j tten walk M ■ 
s raegaft ncWw S' 

j Copping Joyce 446 2612. 



[ 2 Good Terraced Houses, la 

has 3 Bedrooms (extra Boor) 

£145,000, Sunday Vnswttrg 
IT* 7468547. 2nd has 2 Bed- 
rooms. £137.500. Each has 

double Sitting Rm, Kit Bath. 

ra Grift Garden. 

Gas I 

Ashton Steels ft Bay 
602 8511 

M ■> am ■ PB. blote. Low 

n/nPEH anil, an, gjl 
L ease 1<5 j«r. Fi38j50a 

mumadm mu sr wi 

BreM Sib hm Itt n DOPBIV Uock 

2 teds. ram. tt. batt. Jra fft 
C.R Lean 46 ynte C8&AU. 






81-882 8181 



MtndMy raodenaead. 4 bed. 

2 bath. Inuse in wwM 

3lf nop. 

portion. Superb . 
drew rm. wefl ftbl 1st 

gL?P^2sS n fc Si I,n ‘ 

CKm rareons bnwi udo; 

VamteR 736 9822 
7 toys a «fc 



Pretty mld-tarraced Wcionan 
cottage. 2 beds, 2ift 
tang/atrtng nn. tat, tattv 40 
tt gen. GCH. 

tel 01 485 1643k 

Macr.. LU1. Miner. 3 be*. 2 
hum. rrcen. ft* rancB. taun- 
dr> room, in need of war 
■MdeimulUn. 1 1 5 
£1 7UHO. KTS 570 2057. 

VV2 M p dnrn w fd London (own har 

who mihmi item, a 

Deorms. ttoutw receoDon. max 
n> /bftteded rm. wwa & GCH Fneenou. 
L IT^ OOO Ol 526 1W7 

ST JONHS WOOD. ElT«? Oourl. 
doom inrrmie am floor flat 
rime Ttew 2 ^ »»•. 2 
rrtvm. kiMwn. araaon. wo 
h C un. pnrtnaae. nwni adn 
Loan Lcn*c K2ia000 GroM- 
nor inwiHiiHULai Mboaea 
U HS W 1CK punk W«. Stnrnimo 
juKTior ; am era inr- 
e»V .jjrrtm Futo- (H Ml Vote 
mbe Mini be Wrtl £122.500. 

tin.' UKUv- W W6B Or lei 
wruimon Portrr WB SS5S. 
MUM6T0N, W, lm ? brd. up. 
prr nunnwirt nw idrio aatel 
dnimrniim Olltn lor um 
Kit aain. 2 lute. MM be 
6-icUrv & Kent Ol S6S 0961 - 


Superb gdn ML DWe bed- 
room. beautituJ reception. 

krx batftrm. terefeca^ 

30' gdn. Quiet 
1ft St 

tube & shops BB9XQ. 

Ring Vanstons 
7 day* a week. 



Exceptional 2 bed radon 
28ft RCHdlon, « ft sumy 
oteden and paoo, brand new 

m k Often, loft at etam 

BnutpwuL taddan edragl 

Fsrutfc* aten28JWoeo. 

Can 586 8830. 

FULHAM. ON Muitster Rd. 
rmmarJOfonae. 1 OaUn. «ll*e 
mM. *naU p*ff> B*rtiN> 
£128.500 neoouaMe (Of teW 
sale view War. Ol 870 3303 

MAHtoJK MCtt 2 Mraonwd 
Mews Haute + 9 Car Caraar. 
mloumbh. 9 war mu im 
nowraMT £4&00a Ctaydcn * 
stuan 937 3155. 

MAIM VALE W9. Lux Zxx3 Hoar 
rrooi ? we did. dhw. 
Ui/lter. bam. Cn CH. ocnad 
(catvnv. tate 99 years. 
£87 500. Grammas. Ol 221 
4<*S6 nr 607 7TO 

MAMUE ARCH, am floor nul 
saner ir 2 a «s. tatenen. 
Mumoni and retenoon Parii- 

Inw. I««b romnuinal |M(K 
£136.000. raw** NOOf- 
fern. rd. 01 541 5226. 

cr. 3/4 


mnn ftouir m «oad order- 
aera. z/j new 2 asm. «um 

wc. age. MOO « (errace 

r«7S.OOO Sow- A JeM w 
me UMq 01-029 32*0 

( B a e t lRg Fffeff PtotJ 

Smut jna ra btet * baton 
toadteo prestye len d c c ce os a- 
msm ten. 2 awradtag tenga*. 
f separate TV.aom.swtauw. W 
- toX Fmabeate ^SfS tafly 

I d u/tsoem. Unh rm m 
tew. gas eft. tftaBy oraas & ft- 
bubb. 1/5 aca t a rt dc ta p fd gtn. 

81-445 8381 


Larger than normal flat 
fronted VfcftxTan CoOaga tt 

oood cowtttton. Dole Drwtog 
Room. Dtaig Room. 3 Beds, 
IS. Kfi. ~ 

2 Baths. Kit, Oo ns e rrM ory. 
Secluded Garden. Freehold 

AsMoa Stoato ft Day 

. Tot 802 *811 


EBitortt Ctam, *9. 

□aa ^ittu t 3 searey icwmhousn 
in excueta priwm road. Re- 
quiring some m oderni sa tion 
me property comprises 4 bed- 
rooms. 2 Jot recaption rooms, 
kitchen, zbatfvooms, cloak- 
room, gdn. 8265.000 t/h. 


01-286 6161. 

■teWJ C O - Purpose Intel 2nd 
floor, ooum-raono. aaenre. 2 
bed OaL Vnv (u rwnw il bus 
and underground, £9fLOOO l/h. 
Tri 01 854 1100(109. 

BL O W 8WIT - MCL Smau Itt 
fir studio flat bn P/B Mocfc dose 
RuateB 9a- 96 arr tee. £*1.980. 
rrauk Hams & Co: 367 0077. 

FULHAM srauiWlceni flat 3 beds, 
recap, kri. bath. Mr. p/B Node. 
2nd nr. 97 yr Ite. awck ute. 
£98.000 0942 713280, 

ram UgM -a® flow 2 bedroom 
ruu U1 KteV ro nw emeni 


> parians. C7&000 
Tel 01 £86 


Hmoaira OEBMm oerauftely 
deromtee Gtaumra nae Qua 
ciddesaciMPwewn Mufweil HID 
& Cast Ftacrwy. Ononai 
rpum&ebarm. Superb rattan 
rid knenm/amer. uinanl ante 
Ibm rm. cUum trim inert, 3 
bedims, new OaSwm. aeciurM 
earocn 6 peuo. gn CH new 
wimg.lux earpcthrt. £139.960 
F/H View Today 444 4042. 
then Pricked A Die 540 7000 

ly rcluriMPM apartment in 
lioniry. t /cure Bforii near Hyde 
Rarh 27* reramoiL 5 bed- 
rooms, 2 marble bathrooms, 
(RM utoien 86 yre 
£2*9.500. Other (rertioM A 
mmim property m KMWiw- 
lon. Bayswncro Hainn ai WM to 
£600.000 Luton u*. Tat «: 

Gary CHementson 
& Co. 
wnesnan innsNi s kuwmz 

* 100% Mortgages 
*95% Re-Mortgages hr 

any purpose 

■90% Mortgages c 
shops wit? firing 


* Non-status Mortgages 
(up 10 75%) 

★ Commercial Mor^jagea 

★ Beat Bar* and BuAitog 
Society rates 

★ Iflgh income muHptes 

★ Low Sofeteore fees 

★ Sway toes retondsd 

up to El 00 

★ No arrangement lees 

★ Home visits H .reqirired 

For prompt. 

r or prompt, 
independent adoiee 

Gary Clementson 
on (0602) 286482 
day or evening 

CadsgM Gantois SWS 

Utcm m m*ma n tedr an- 
rate Mkta <J«*«ara. 2 i#L 



wmml t tero a m , tm 
Htetomattb rtrtD .aaOltWte 

^2otL b ?! . 

-hrepm S b*. tt to **mh to cat 

0B CH + d( S m. locabou 

vfcraiM rater tone tznm. 4 

Ms. 2 turns. 2 racs. WngMan 

Ueteoatp n parte gten 
maw can. IM be tel rag 
Ocoee LoseSI jwo-d 

a aaaiw + 50' pra 

t cortoton mod. Fnrtntt 


Enafle a 


nttraae. cBaamray. nccitet tt. 
“i l oaden. FrtetoU 


Itengton, N1. Md Viet Terr 
Cottage 'comp 8 rooms + 
Bathrm ft Study on 3 floors 
with secluded Garden. ta»> 

Tab 800 7441 Chlppert to lds . 


Out T«tt Ctort 

Super b spaciou s 2 Bed 
flat in prestigious mansion 
block. 2 Recap. 2 Baths, 
Fined Kirch. EtSOJXtt. 

Browett Tartar 

I 8275 


ASTON W3L Four brand anr two 

bed (Ms bun to ay m palb e ncte 

ty MOM Ul wtOi adtocou 

vktotia w*- Ba throom ♦qnuua 

ihower room tomato bedrooBK. 


Road From £ 64 . 950 , Vmw to- 
day. Ol 997 6008 m. 

sws. The ms Victorian soar 
in tor area Cora p u rely restored I 
to urnsate cowiBi k m. wmil 
sained teaas wtndow* & doors 

thTougheuL 4 double bedroom. 

2 targe bring room, modern 

nnqj aUriim- aro wc. victonanl 
bathroom. S XomH 
22O&00O TriS»l-7S6 

bouse m Partrai 
sr we. 6 reore. s oea. 1 bam. 
cloak, gra. F-noM ciiaMO 
ono SB4 6863 (TJ. 

SOUTH Eton Place ■ sunny 2 bad 
flat regimes tome mod on 3rd 
floor. P/B oiorit wm an. uw 6a 
m-ClSBflOO.Ol 409 0714 <OJ 

SteS - (Mata Rd- tmmac ftadd 
taed oonage. Peoe- Jan fln- 
ttoed. £1 35.00a OK581 8783 
Sun A ««*. Qay 01-668 6686. 

MIRHUNW& Oqnt And 
en a n o uj gremid Boor nat wtoi 
«ls»al lettm. Huge doanie 
oedroom. brge reception. kHth- 
ep. bathroom, nan. OCH- Ure or 
span garden, ee y«*r toam In- 
ri nobs « sure or f/h. 
C7Uoa For gutdt pnvric Hie. 
Ted OI-S28 i960 

toOdmueM 3 Bedroom onart- 

moniBoteriookano Ryde Parte. 


Lbqttouio. 2nd Bathroom. La*. 

w KB. Rcstdeni HoMceener. 

Pprter. PBryph oi m . Parfctog, 

a stfeo IruiiMiia T«: 3*1 

rasa Anthony brwm Ettato. 


Direa to caty- 4 Storey 
end of terrace tsAtue 
early Mctorten House. 

c 2S£?5iS25E!2^2S d * 

dtete. Secondry glazing 
throughout 1/2recpts, 
3/4 bedrmB.2 oatis fl en 
suite), Mchar^Mng/ 

lounge to 

9m *S8& Si - 

T«t 81-226-4857 


5T JOHNS WOOD 2 Bed, 2 Bath 

Sramd floor tw teb wires Gb- 

teo to smdl Mock. fe*r motf- 

mtad. 87 yen. C1149S0. 
2 Bed. 2 Bate 4rt floor fla m »oy 

5JJD0. Starter arnsid lbs eor- 
nr M E17&000. 

3rd floor fla in _ 
W Beth. 2 Btos. 
GO yon base. £34J 

01-499 4010 


M ana. Hni Itav. Dosd H C>- 

nwxtasd ato dacereed. Lnps 
rrcatoM (ortgini iabsnL 2 
bait wsrcc e ral ttebar ant 

Mraw. ss^URUtUU 

nhw. for qdB 
stoerio 01 ffl(9 
wflW^orm B391] 


18 tan Crescst 

rm. I 



Wte cmnoa. ftdo. Partng, 
96 y«ar tease. £235,000 

Ts£ 81-5M 24X7 sr 


Chanrdng freehold Geor- 
gian house Mfth paved 
tprden. 6 beds. 2 oaths, 
fitted kli 

kitchen. utSty room 
CH. Offers over 

Tefc 01-262 7050 or 
0703 813352 ' 



Mtefek JMt 

raSf SSeSS* 2?%sr 

ury qgu nB P W . uvy Dnvxa. 



denm. New 3 double bed ton 
poor (4Qu Bat quiet with axeri 
tom views. TDed bamroom. 

<Ne« and 2»iazn. Gto Ctodral 
netetog. noed carpets and 
bunds throuttwut. Ready to 
tooueteto. £136fl0a Tri Ol- 
S73 9631 

- 3/4 

3 bath s . 3/3 recesttoo. i 

room, modem Wtctim. ntafiy. 

large south Caring garden. 34 

yaw tease. Oidck asle £418.0(10 

- an offers tootolrr ed. For . 

oototmeai to view tat Ol 684 


«* PAW NWB. Soon* 
Hrare in son ader loc. 
Primrose HlE/RwenM 

rausmteg room with Mgh ml- 

PAIHMC HD W14 wen modsmiaed 
flal^ronted house wen 3 dbtr 
beds, large oUang n. duuog 
nn. IdttSien. study, batons. 
ctaBUia. Gas OL 30" west rac- 
j garden. F/H £198flCKX 
Martowe. Hunoog * wenw 
Ol dosoeei 

•y refurtastwd throutewtu. 89 
ra m -un it. OHSfluo. Tetoi 289 

Chamng sunny tone 
house 2 dbir beds, attractive 
recto, large terrace. CH. Otters 
over £160,000. 01-894 0178. 

■ Stas e s II EC2. Stunning 3 bed. 
3 bam flat on som floor over- 
■oolong cay. Rtmed ml recep 
with rerrece aad balcony. 5 
URs. a& tv sonar. 119 yr we. 
cssefloo. Frank Hams • OK 
Ol 387 0077. 

Venice. 8 rooms Plus 2 Sato 
Plus Mu CZSOflOO. Tri: Ol 729 
77SS day*/Ol 402 2738 gw. 

LAM 8D W14. 2 bed. 24' 
reces. ground fl conv. 125 year 
56* 6863 m. 

gdn Itei eircri exmd. 

auteic mte. 01. 328 3104 


. . W2 . 1 bedroom 
house. £ 1 4CLOOO for aunt rale. 
Tri 01 78S3162 

•CUMAVIA. Uoeer to 

0* wito sto Ihm balcony. Lee 

elegant reception, ftd ML _ 
eera. boihm ft awr rm. Long etc. Jueon tMtfkri. 

£336.000. Pearsons London 
01-499 21Q4 

OIWMCIC W4. Gdawnhan Irr 
race homo Nr Ttrehan Groan 
Titer 2 recaps. 2 beds, khaicn. 
rath. Sooth Faaog garden. CH. 
&0d order dirougtxjUL 
£91 .780 F/H. Tea Ol 994 8706 
Son Ol 99a 1212 Mon. CT1. 
rmuUADIWII CST. umaue 
freehold period h4«sa. hnmacu- 
tato rider. 4 beds. 29" recto, 
kfl/dmer. huge tauter im, roof 

l*HX ROOT TDDtACC. aaachrd 
to small bedrm vta Frenrit wjj>- 
oows. Onxl ftr noL new conv to 
egari oiw dtori Edw ride fromra 
hse. oTootang gdns from ft 
back. Sew part Dartmouth Pk 
nws. 2C bay win do wed reces 
/fully « teh oomDBied. New 
brih. Storage- Fite GCH. 
E/Phoao. eanham lories. Fully 
carpeted. Low ouwomgs. ra89 
yr s BUMOO ono tor very quick 
saw. 01-482 8714 sun ttwn 
01*29 9095 EM 278 Cdayt and 
01-4869857 tafia' 7 JOptoh HO 
a gent * 

A virtue woap. mn susoro 

newly rtf orb groan} floor Qal 
hi mod block with rirtuai south 
facing private garden. Ur Dote 
Recep. 2 Beds. Study /BTte Rm, 
2 Bathati eivsuue). fge mod flu 
kit. CH 6 CHW. Portents, por- 
ters. New ul Bathroom. 
Csrp els. CvrisSos ft Wiling. 
998 yr lease crowd mu 
ClOQoa. Price £275.000 An- 
pty: 629 6102 rOi 

terrace, 2 boot, sauna, guea 
wt I28S.CCO. Normendto & 

8W1 smao 2 bed. newly 
rcfurtkflai. Nr nor 08500 
on*. Tfk09904 3676 anmne. 
a tbcero. KH. 2 beds. 

talfS 01429 3248 

0823 43716. 



Fine det feted period 
house backing onto park 
Beautifully rasuored. 6 
bed, 3 recep, toe waited 
West garden, Nr Tube. 


to Mna Sam NorV anwad if 
tta desgred 2 btt. (tt on 1st 
floor ol qua ras-ttal roaL Limy 

IbraJ » -- » — n-f k^jt- p L4L, 

suoq Kcnn wx. Dsdooni. 

Mod. Rud carpets and emtus 
tbrnsgtauL 2 bdeonrc. 99 ya* 

irafltilN to 

Cordact Mn Cshoa 
Tab 730 3725/ 


We^^EssentiaL F/H. 


‘A Rttle bft of 
UlgMsbrl^e to 



Tyser GW N A Ca| 
01-994 7022 

Tlie opinion ot a wsasrinthB 
MB appmtd 3 bed semi. 5 
nini tram PnadBy Ire. fti- 
«b sals. Offers m tte region 
of E12SJ00. 

BMW 418ft 


fronacuHs hcMM. supeib posl- 

Bon ring to Ksnmgkn Qsnuns. 

7 DAYS! 



18 QUffl l WCTDWA 


01-M* B551 


tapb block, aacn 3 bads, E 
Ms. igs ronpbon. kaowo. 

on. dons. ch. Anra* ra 

. "Odd banm tom fwther 

S2ZBJM0 aach. Tsl: 



Laras ttmfly homo. Sboctt, 2 
baths. Edwprdian 

coiwenttnt to re amsrdUna. 
fuS GCH. small garden, qual- 
ity eaepets and curtains. 

ottatandl^ value at 


IB 01-445-2309 


UghL spackko upper malsofv 
rooms, soper Wehen & batv 
Fkttfs and nw rtOt s . 

98 yr laaaa 

Tet 01-226-2751 


22, Park Crescent 



u p ui iwaaiiwiiw. 

SS 1 ”* 

er (0207) 55673 

CAUNawtSFUOy mod terracce 1 
hoote. 2 doable beds. targrraM 
tevri kacbtei/dtotog extern ton. 

Archl destgned. FAR gardens. 

2 mins Ptccamav One. £ 96 000 

F*hrid. TeH0783»40EI0 
day/eve OI-M7 6969. 

WI to heart of Medical area. 

Could proride 3/4 beds. 1/2 

recent, m. 2 bum. 2/4 or ga- 

? + boss roof terrace. Lease 

— years. £ Alexan- 

der Jcrraro Ol 629 94SI 

MB. Modern | 

townbae in private deoetopment 

adtro River. 4 beds. 2 reception. I 

kneneo/b'iasmn. eaten. 

view g( River. Uisocrtkxi tec- 

oa n n end e d- C: 80.000. Tyser 
Orecnwood ft Co 01-994 7022 

BtHOMr - Regents Canal. St 
Jams Wood area. Steel null 
and super structm. beautifully 
aogoinwa Ma»a etretneuy. 
Telephone. Central hcaUno. 
Sauna. £33X00 negouabte. 
T«; Ol 724 3564 


s eand t narian style town house 

to heart of vnage. 4 dU bed. 2 

hath-sHK lewri reoep_ Srikma. 

lux UL. dH gge. eesUy mato- 

tuned gam. £187.600 freehold. 
Ol 969 0611. 

BOUruUIL Baker Street area 
Rai in exceUrol ctxndUian. four 
xml Two reception 
rooms. FuBy nttad kMcbea. 
ct^xroufloa T-epnone: 


Ugbl/ui llvtog rm. steering area. 

rated wardrobes, CH. new fitted 

kit ft buhroam. DHed carpets. 

Ttoddb decorated. Private 

parwri. Ready to move tnio. 

£G&96a 936-1491/629-1993. 

3rd floor flat in Stocco (routed 
budding ovenooung corrnn 

£1 1600001-407 0714 (gfnee). 


wy sunny studio flat on 5Uv 

floor arm blocfc rite ua Law 

16 yam. £37.800 tor quick 

•ate. No agewte. Tel Ol 387 
8499 01 269 665ft. 

A WH A Itg Tire Village. NW1. 

New, Mb turn ft tmtend. 2 

bed. lux flat. £33400. 
Devewpgers price, uidurn. 
£79^991 0403 82242. 

harlwood hit, mn 

Stunning 1 Bed flaL Eraetmt 

condtttob. tnuneOlHe mbxs- 

Ston. SdBny pond. Long tears. 

CDOdens 030 1141. 
tta—68 ARCft Large io room 

house tor modernisation 

2 MtM we + a/4 car garage + 

pmWib Roof Irrrare. 41 yrs. 

£298flOO Tri: Ol 406 3630. 

SW6, 3 

storey. 3/6 bed. 2 bath ♦ cep 

WC. griteried extenm. (un (H- 

, Vte house, very 
gwe(. 4 Mb, 2 baths. Pretty 
«W taring garden. £2a6flOO. 
View today. Ol 60S 3766. 
CMJW - Huge. 2 b edroo m ea. 
luxury rw Fitted kuenen. etc. 
87 y e ars te ase. £79.908. Tel: 
Ol 998 3709 

tebone. Wl. 3 Beds. 3 Recriri. 
Fusty Fid K&B. 3C COn. F/H. 
Only £**5.000, 723 4868 07. 

1/2 bid dais. Olrect- 

detuiai 488 4032 

imaBIWiri i bed Ral to p/b 

prwoBwu* Mock. Modmaed. 

sr ?,‘^&? Hrraj00 ' 

ted ul CM. cellar. SW gaMen 
£286000. r 

01-738 1309. 
tt*- Doctore time unexpected- 

ly avail. aiannenidMK. nr 

Plies. 4/6 

all amen! lies. 4/6 bens, lor fli 
wi/cHner. eng Manm, CCH. 

£149.000 ana 01-482 2464. 

io Hype Park W2. A torge new- 

ly de en rate d 2 bed undo flaL 
£l2afl00 ana Outok Bate rr- 
atured. TttOl 938 2868 m 
■AK8R CT. Superb taiga a ired. 
2 b«ii mn Presdge blech 
won root garden. 71 pipe 
£296.000. TM . Ol 486 3630- 

WS-SpuH 1 
(UL Newly 
moaeniriM. new kAdien. Real- 
ty idee £38000. 0836936118- 
MB. Superb 2 bed. 2 bath pallo 

Newly aerarano. 

£13 5000 . London Property F. 
93S 2P 22- 

KAY5WATER good aetecuoii ol 1 

bed lUIS £66 £76000 

KenwaPda Ol 40? 314] 
EAUNB artists oertM haute, ent 
dm. panery. V 6 left. 33U 
loungr. £166.960. Ol 367-9033 
Utr BON LEOS Do Ibr waning. 

Wen Rod your ideal Horne. Pe- 
terson Rush 741 7127 
MAYFAIR tn S bed (tot* 
Mod/unmod. Price based on 
Otuck sate. TefcOl 938 2668 (Tt 



289 0104/5555 

BaaunUy prasansa 2 Dad IM la 
dancar ric tone. £90X04 



3 bads 

l fito ta n iiSc tu i L Bool ter- 

I E«iusNe.flatllreettiedAvmift 
dose m the open spaces of Hol- 
land Park. A debgMbd family 
i flic benefit of mfl 

munis, south/wosi 

ganten. south tacno 
_ _ ' and self contained staff 
flaL 2 enctonting reception 
rooms. 4 bedrooms. 2 bath- 
rooms. tatetan/breakfast roam. 
freehold E 830 fl». Hqtty 


01-602 2352 


STJMKS worn. 

Unary ta floor bH cenv. 4 
beds. 2 double neaps. 2 urea. 
Shower room Sepman W.C. Fidy 
fktad ka. £350.000 


Large 3 bsd Vxtsnan manson ta I 
In need or mod. E9&9S0. 



01 937 6353 

mauvu mas Hu**. 

Surerb House. 2-3 Beds, 2 

Bants. Recep Room. Fitted 
Kft. 65 year lose. £ 335 , 000 . 


1 Bed. 1 Recap. £ 11 C 

Short ' 

01-730 9253 



IM Uh saesrsni hare tare- 
g if 2 douNi btftnout red 1 

. . era Nr m- 

Utt pm tattbes. 
. 8Bi WC, bn ml 
■*to Gtt CSL Uri «! i 


. Pretty mkHerTBcad 
Vfcioritei cettaga. 2 bads. 

21ft Sving/dirung im, fat 


Freehold £118^00 

Tel: 01-485 1643 



lesdanUl oflica Rentes 

beared m simesi cotidence 

apply Qbnssa Rbr 


01-373 8425 



Mien nuiLU luuu. Rae pung 

tews ren mdpn p/b gm 

s sgsisESsas 

Praatosriior newly c 

1 double bedroom, 

I eo • 

1st itoor ibo. 

benansueLsap dcuJutxm. 

kdy ts»d wcflm. tope b*> 

to **P. burn, n- 

' A. rare moo ate 

yrawp tndJv tCri^Si- E2S0 - 00Q - 
Tei 01-838 1264 

porar. Etta 

VnTfI“T1|n- lrp-j 

for everymreo 
we've tuat flntshed a new con 
verdgp of 11 (tots In Weu 
Kenstogton. WeTesclUng 1.2 ft 
3-Pedroom flats from under 
£70flOO to over £110.000. Fit- 
ted carpets, rated kitchens, 
rated ereryttungr we spare no 
expense and we supsrisr every 
detail. One rain tram pubUc 
rranswm hi a diamung 
newBbouroood. Phone today 
tor a viewing apptntment or for 
written derails. i01> 603 6603 
Mrs o Hnts and Richard HUts. 

lous i bed. 2 S' recep. eonv flaL 
New on market F*tmid 
£96000. 684 6863 iTl 

SLOAHC SR. ■ 3 nrtns. BrWiMpa- 
nous 1 bed flat on 4tn floor at 
P/B block with un. Lie 49 VTs. 
£H5fl0aoi 4090714 (Of(W«l 

*W7 Lovely spaaous 2 dble bed 
nat. recep. kil/breakfasi room. 
2 bam. gcti. share 1/ hold. 
£166000. 684 7149 (sun/evri 


convened 3 near owned luxury 

aparnrunL tatty rated Utrtien 

with apDHanasJinaay Jolty 

Hied bathroom, own terrace. 

video entrance Bfcanr. 
£162600 Price guide Ten Ol 
64S 2386 Leasehold 

BAKCAM wt Prestige flat tmme- 
dlaw pooMsawn. 6 tteOs. 2 mol 

1 en stole, new carpets, fully 

fitted fettriien. £166.000 or 
near otter. Phone Ol 736 6037 
or 01 352 1699. 

Kraunaui 2 bed mat* Fanu- 
tous master bedrm. Ige recro. 
2nd bedrm. battirm, CCH. Long 
iso CI lOflOa 014*1 1342 (T) 
floor Ral, 3 beds, large recep- 
tion. kUHwn/breaKlast room, 
bom. lease 216 yr £129^00 
Tet Ol 488 2798 
■* 3 bed ground floor Itt 
Nee d s minor updating. Tretaen- 
6 mb opportunity at £74.930. 
No agents. Ol 794 4*4 1 

(Horae i. 01-636 1951 (Work) 
tars, supctd newly mod studio 
with sen din and bed area, ru- 
led Ul Dam. md gas C.H. 96 
years. £67^00. HOLMANS: 
370 6781. 

RDnWCnM W8 Lower ground 
4/5 bed na. Unmod. Price 
based on guicii mile. Tel: 01 938 
2SS8 m 

98 Opportunity 

ntimedernned 4 bedrm flat b> 
Chriera garden 6a. £185.000. 
Ot -4it 1342. 01-388 2193 (T> 
well decorated 2 bedrm flai m 
Leudate Road. Long tee 
£904300 Tri: 0245 367457. 
Mb Fine family house. 4 
beds, flood Ul pgtto. £l8t. 
(nwlKSld for sate ring 960 3768 
after 6pm- 

W8. uret and knactoug * bed flat 
KalMn. £? WjOOO. 

FLOOD ST, Chelsea Luxury 2 bed 

flri.l reception room newly de- 

signed and lutty equuaed 
Ulriren with rating area, bath 

room, mmutes away from all 

me ametuttes ol the Ktnos Road 

and Stoane Sa £159.996. Teh 
at 622 SOtS anytime 
CHELSEA ame. 4 bed ratnfly 

house In giuri position bar kina 

on 10 null park, immaculate 

Condi um £239.600 freehold. 

Jackson Prop erty Services: 01 

361 5633 open every day Ul 



upMam serf conmned run. i-z 

tieds. of charming smaB virior* 

Mews house, wtin roof 

garden and batrony. some 
moderntsallon necesaary 
£1 l9.00O.Trt: Ol 684 8806 

flat in good decorative order 

UirouBtxML clore to Weu 
Bronvian ft Earts Q tube Mm 

Loum/dining rm. u kit. uOMy 

m. Pttlo. Long tease. C79.000. 

Day: aae 7363 Eve- 736 5897 

CHELSEA *Wia large sgut level 

muHoear. 3 Bedrooms, large 

recepti on room, root terrace. 

E1Z&000 lieetwM. Jackson 

Proocrty Services: 01 351 6633 

Open every day ttt 7 pin. 

I mm ac u late Ulterior 

teagi iratsonear. 3 reepes. 3 

beds. 3 baths, large roof terrace. 

BARGAIN £209000 ono Ol- 

351-7866 (wkgaysl or 01-789 

9209 (Em) Mo Agents 
HOUSEBOAT AT Chrtsea Reach. 

S awe beds. 2 rectos. K 6 a. 

south facmg sutMrek. part fur 

nrihrp. Low outgotnto 
£64.000 ono. Tri. Ot 3S2 8067 

eves or Ol 22? 0130 office nn 

MARKHAM ftr 183 4 bed 

house? balh. 2 recept. halrtmy 

small garden. £295JX)0 Free- 
hold. Ol S81 3S16 or 

Lux 3 DM let Ur ItM 

Elegant men with bale, sump- 

tnous IM ten. 2 lire bathHns. 3 

atatiom wtinu a GCH. Long He. 

£176000 01431 1342 

in excellent location. : 

London Property F. £38 2222 

Continued on next page 






Td 01351 7204 


Unique Freehold 


Quiet ad de sac. Selection of 
new deluxe flats with 6ft and 
all anrtenitres. 1 .2.3,4 rooms 
K. 1 and 2 R 

S70JHO - 222SJ0Q 

JJ L Fraser & Partners: 
225 2460/370 2037 

BHAMHAM CDKS. Lge mansion 
run. s beds. 3 baths <x « ruttw. 
Newly designer aecoraara. 
Ready to move tn. Long lease. 
£219,000. Tel: 01 602 8070 

SWIO By Boltons. Superb garden 
(let 2 beds. 2 baths en sutte. 
GCH. SO n garden. Lease 97 
years. £129.000 Private sale, 
view today. TeLOi-373 2116 

sea. 6 floors. Bsement occupied. 
F/H. Offers around £325.000 
for amdc me. Sun devefooer. 
TeUKQ 9356 or 3S2 8575. 

W14 Yards from Brook Green. 
Bright, cosy, charming 2 b«L 
flat. 1st floor. Modernised 
£67.450 far auicK sale. 01-602 
2864. No agents. 

HOLLAND PARK tin mac 2 bid 
garden flat with large men. 
baOirm. shower nn & fitted 
kUcher /breakfast rm. 

£150.000 for quick sale. 01 22 1 
3778 iw/ends. evesi No Agents 

a iiie-r dri itntorr «Wi aHm m 
■ vs jrim IM now mmr- oofinmi 
Li : tu nn OoflJfc Roesr mo a Fan 
t*> I oh nr rn lh& mstaa M 
■nasr >ea] 4 i-rf. ? tens kMTjt 
ihioc .Ti uit urtan o**us tft 
•L-ak oft* tftum a™ f H 

01*455 4755 

comoietBiay modemm) to a 
very iDEVh standanl. 30t1 fBito 
recqroon room tearing Ho 
dtfe glared conservatory/ on- 

«H) area -taDQ 90ft garten. 
superb tatetwn plus nPMy 

room. 4 dWe tearooms. 2 
tatfrtwms (i en a«e). 2 srp- 
arac wc's- Front garden tail 
njraoe. eJc. 

Tel: 01-B74 0790 



G double bedrooms. 

2 bathrooms. 32ft lounge, 24ft 
custom tone Mtv tea 
tnc6er./(SM!g room 42ft 
south facing garten 7 mtaufss 

TEL: 01 627 2925 


6 bed fandy bouse wttdn 
division bell overlooking 
nark and tennis courts. Near 
2tubes tor West End and 

Spacious, sumiy. detached bw- 
rakw beajtrtdly decoded to 
rteaps standards. EickiSrve, 
oust nesgtihourtraod dose to 
VWmbtedon Common. Large, so- 
rkirin garden wBi mature trees, 
shuDboy. roses sic. Property 
completely encteed 3 donMe 
bedrooms. large, On&rt tethen 
won hart-panted tnm. large, pri- 
vate sumy terrace Etefsa. new. 
Arancan bathroom ft brand new 
Shower/ BHM. Need quefc sale, 
speedy contract! £210000. 

Tetevas ft Hknds 

879 1987. 


A vanwi olcncavCwsranoiae'. is 
moss sougM after asm o' Scs»- 
fcnxfc ckrw to Tp»e# g» age- Wr 
Flats avautue nr. 3>e-w :cn 
Consunon 12 ■ 15 monm 

216 Tower Bridge Rd, 
Lowtoa HI ZUP 



491 2233 

5507 (home) 
S3 (office). 


Just a Wnstsde. My. mil ton- 
raadtoasehofdflacormn spgofl 
bedroom. 2 re u epdo n s, lotdien. 
battram. garden, cellar and gas 
central beatog. 


Tel: 223 4804 
(eves & w’ends) 

■UCHGMTE N6. Beautiful luxury 

Georgian. 2 bed. first floor pur- 
pose butll dal m quiet close, 
wnh balcony. Luxury bath- 
room with gold finings, fatly 
fined kitchen, including nob 
and »Ut level oven. Mimics 
from vtttagr. Cm OL Ga rage. 
Lovely garden*. FH. £79-800. 
Tcf 01 348 3615. 

essential hv pentbouw Hal in 
masi sougm oner road. 2 bed- 
rooms. large sunny reCOMMA 
opening own roof terrace. CCH 
etc Long lease £99.500 629 
4734 itnmei 231 8761 fwork). 

firsi floor flal- Long leas# Quick 
Mb £67.500 01-348 5146 

FELLOWS rd NWS Braun r mkc 
qmd nr audio rial In newly re 
furUshcd mod Nock. Lge 
klt/diner. both/wr.. new gas 
CH Actws to garden. New ots. 
1 19 years Be. -CS&SOO. 
Nethams * C* 01 458 8044 
K2 New instruction. Imposing 
Fully detached. 6 Bedroom*. 2 
Bathroom*. 3 Recep Room* In 
oeurabie tul4»«c. Ready to 
mme m condition. £476,000. 

Sole Agents Sdnwos 488 8814. 
VKf. family house. 4 doable 
beds. 2 nwen. 2 large Uia. 2 
bams. gdnn. roof teer House 
meet self contamed Hat 
£180.000 Tel 01 486 Ml4 
nOMROSE HRA, HW3 Superb 3 
Storey Mews Home won a* 
IMUlul roof Garden. 3 
Bedrooms. 2 Bathroom. Inte- 
gral Garage £180.000 
Freeh OM. 45B 8814 Seutums 
Mrtonan laimlv house Near 
Heath a beds. 2 bams J rente.. 
Ml. comers, patio gdn. Gas ch. 
rHold. £286.000.01-4364333 

W- HAMPSTEAD lge lop fir com ■ 
many ong leaiures On 5 imeK 
huge recept 3bcds.gasch. new 
roof. 92 w he £^9.950 lei 01 
431 2818 or 62S 9648 

188i Cntary Cox* House 

A superb coach bouse of enmose 
fh yirw with onpuol loabres. 3 
beds. iwRnane sash mndom. GCH 
mat M t u tiom/sep wc. IT mnga 
phe dnng room. M m boat tad out 
rex gvdBL E240JD0O F/H. 

318 1311 (Open 7 days) 
or 852 2590 

CLAPHAM COMMON: lge family 
house. S beds. 2 reeeps. lge 
kitchen. 1 bath, sep w c. GCH. 
New roof, original fireplaces. 
snH. anracme garden with pa- 
tio area. £159.000 for quick 
sate. Tel: Ot -6766736 

GREENWICH Grade n Listed 4 
storey Victorian house with 3 
bedrooms, huge bathroom, a re- 
cepuons. dining room * 
kitchen. Lately 6S- garden. 
Close to BJt- Park and River. 
£186X00. Tel: 01692 4829 

WANDSWORTH: StyUh p/b2nd 
floor TOO. 2 beds. rec. baih. din- 
ing room with aren to k lichen. 
GCH. dbie gHMd. rap qaailiy 
fitted carpets throughout. 
£68.000. Tel: 01-870 0304 af- 
ter 5.00 p.m.1 

BLACMHEATH Borden. Lovely 
Edwardian family home. Exccf- 
leni cond. 5 beds. 3 reeeps. 3 
bams, coach-house. lOO n gdn. 
Full gdL £180.000. Must be 
seen. 01 864 3499- 

aLAPHAM South. FUhy 
modernised 2 bedroom flat. 
Bathroom. FUUv fined kitcim. 
Near common Close to all ame- 
ntnes. £65.000. ojlo. Tel: 01 
673 4061. 

IATTEKSCA Attractive 2 
bedroomed flat In oulel loca- 
uon. New kiKhen. £62600. 
For apoounmetn lo view rug 
Ol 223 2341 


Flats and nooses to view in an 
rxatlng new envb-onroeal from 
£60.000 TetoDhone Pams 6 
Quirk: 01 987 4473. 

BALHAM Lge 4 bed lamUv tec. 2 
reep imasshe drawing my. 
klirtwrv. Gas CH. gdn. Offers 
around £1 1 0.000. Ol 673 6002 

spacious 2 bed (laL 70ft garden, 
alarm. GCH Share of FH. 
£78.000 ono. Ol 720 7424. 

PUTNET. Bright garden fiaL 2 
beds. CCH. low out goings. 
Quick sale. Offers £69.960. Tel 
Ol 870 416& 

CLAPHAM Park. 6 bed. 2 rec. ku 
/diner, bath, sep shw. gge. gch. 
parou firs. £167.500. 674 1B48 

help? Ring J.M.F. Homeflnders: 
946 4876 

EAST SHEEN Very wen present- 
ed and unique to toe area 
Vtnortan terraced house over a 
floors. Through lounge, doafe 
room with WC. kllcnen. dining 
rm, (amity room, maser bed 
with en suiie bathroom and 
dressing room. 3 lather beds. 
2nd bath, garden. Offers In the 
region £250.000 Gasctogne 
Pees. Ol 678 7575. 

PUTNEY a year old Cemgran 
townhouse in excellent decora- 
tive order. Mail. Hungr. dining 
room, family room, kiiAen. 
utility. 2/3 bedrooms. 2 bath- 
rooms r> m suiieX Gas CH. 
garden A garage £26 9.760 . 
Gasctogne Pets. 01 878 7573. 
CLAPHAM SWU a wcil appoint- 
ed 2 bed flat in Nightingale Lane 
in hioh security PB block com- 
prising entrance hall, lge rewp. 
fk kU A bath, dble glazing. Long 
tease. £68.950 for quick sale. 
Day: 244 7353 Eve: 720 0333 
London Bridge. Attractive aid 
terrace Victorian house with 
antwk. 10 CT garden. 6 beds. 2 
baths. 2/3 rets. ML original tea 
lures. CH etc. Photo £1 10.000, 
RorodetlsOi-691 8731 anytime 
CLAPHAM Near King's Ave. 2 
boo room flai in very good con- 
dition. Shared garden, fitted 
kitchen. caroeu. CCH. 
£59.930. Tel Ol 674 1053 OIL 
621 OlOl ea 214 ioi, 
CLAPHAM. Overlooking Com 
men. Unique dempiers 1 bed 
gmd fir rut 21 ' drawing nr. * 
dining area. 70* garden. 
£B8£00 L/H Realm Estate* 
87V 2633 

SWil. Larger than aseragr lerr 
house, dble recepL kll/breaklsl 
rm. master bed with dressing 
rm and bath. 3 further beds. 
2 nd bath, cellar, mature gdn. 
£163.0 00. Tel 02 228 1296 
BATTERSEA- Suoerb newly coo- 
lened 1 bed Id floor flat. Lge 
lounge, fully filled tut/diner. 
GCH £61.000 Tel' 02-585- 
2881 or 02-261-3798 (work! 
WL 5 T 0 VE B HD. SWI8. Cure p- 
iKinal Interior dedgtied spacious 
Victorian use 120' tsirocn 
£246000 F/H. Realm Etalrs. 
071 26» 

RIVERStDE 1/2 bed flats Dfrocf 
lv o'.ertoakmo the Thames 
From £47.600 Riverside Resi 
d.Htial 4B8 4852 
i an Armchair House Hunting. 
01-223 0550. 

CLAPHAM MU. 3 bed 1 Haiti. En 
suite shwr, Gdn *th facing. 
£1 38.000 Tel 675 0721 

BARNES Lady lawyers spacious 
tight and airy well decorated 
riverside flat. River vtewx com- 
munal roof urroce. porterage. I 
mtn British Rail. 36 mim aty- 
£65-000 01-878 0680 

eves/ we eken ds. 01-628 9611 
day rei PER. 


floor flat. Outstanding views 
overlooking Thames and park. 
Small balcony, double recep- 
tion. 3 beds, kitchen /breokfasL 
bath, sep WC GCH. Low 
outgoings. Long lease. 
£135.000. Tel 01-788 9866 

IATTEHSEA Park - Victorian 
house wim 4 double beds. 2 
baths, utuuy area, targe kitch- 
en. lofL cellar 6 gas centra! 
heating. Exceflent access to CUy 
and west End. £160000 free- 
hold. Tel: Ol 622 6278 

HS BEN in lO mins, pretty cot- 
tage style, new 3 bed bouse in 
Seibourne village, camberweu. 
GCH. owe glazed. GGE,. land: 
scaped garden. £85.000. Tel 
wkends Ol 708 1199 wkdays 
Ol 261 6263. 

DnsMbnnd itmaottlr 
ifeantB>.5iMb iDa/ongial 
leans louybaa aM 
s»*f. WUobskow semen 
meet taqe Bong Mtn. 299 
tunc amsenavr tpsOt QDIt 
gadta. w* to Cdkge. A» me 



Deacked Wdonai hoese wtt nsny 

antpai M4m 4 Has dwtooo n t. 

seam mom. mtsitoflisa 
ant Art SUM IDt 4 1 » 8 , 2 um 
| 1 enw| Set uweto tBpEfler 
!SL 3 meaty * uchea 3 harm. 
Cdtos. Riegaige GaOLtegaea 
dnm trto Urge gattat 


B1 948 3019 

RKNMOND oTooldng Ham Com- 
mon. Award winning grad Or 
flai completely reforh this year. 
Open plan lounge with nre- 
ptace. oak fid kHdeu - bum in 
oven A bob. cha mpa gne 
bathrm. 2 good b e dims , new 
carpet Oiro'ouL AO new ugltt 
ntnngs. Quick Sale Necessary. 
No AgenH. £66:000. Esher 
62865 or 01-390 3396 

ST MAROARET* tmnaeulaie 

fully modernised Edwardian 
house, m pretty Sr. 4 beds. 2 
iwue. cellar. haOupcm. angi- 
nal feaiures. lovely South 
fadng garden. Gas CH. 
£129.950 FH TekOl-892 8317 

WA TP Ht a EL UnoguaUy spo- 
Oous 2 bedroomed house. In 
exclusive devdoomenL Only 
minutes from aB amenities, to- 
eluding the oldest rtvenide pub 
br London 2 bedrooms, cone 
with (Wed wardrobe*! shower- 
room and bathroom, targe fully 
fitted kitchen with all appli- 
ances. reception room. P«1va»e 
natto to the from teadtng to 
communal courtyards. Full gas 
ch. Garage and offotreet nark- 
ing. Fined Wilton carpets 
throughout. Carpets and blinds 
included in auk* sale price of 
£l 177500. oi 266 0327 1 evert 

EARLY EDWARDIAN serai: spa- 
cious and elegant. 4 lge beds. 2 
baths. Cloak. 2 tge reeeps. lge 
newly ntted kitchen / D/faN 
room. RMar front gdn. car 
port, lge oectuded rear gdn. 2 
mm* WbnMedon Park tube. No 
agents. £245.000. 01-947-7986 

MU1M W ffPO N well locat- 
ed terraced house. 2 beds. 2 
recens. gas CH. garden. F/H. 
£69.950 ono. Tel: 01-851 2288 
exL37 day or Ol -6420684 eves 

LORALPA WHARF Stunning Riv- 
er views to Greenwich Naval 
Conegr from qulef top floor 2 
bed. 2 baih rial Large balcony, 
tiring room, fully ntted kitchen, 
garage/ parking. Security gales 
4 entrance phone lh 123 yrs. 
£159.000 Teto 1-987 3661 







aowllMMOpM Tatar 
JLCJFrad & Co. 

a mm conAGE 

< n*s South gl MtoNturv * S IrttoDB * 
raeuse popwi tafi nanytiaaes Da - 
derail by mr Rnei Emne A tanta B 
atjps d adFrnng IM 6 OBSiNf JW* 
Dmg Raen Dram Amu Can 
emorv XuBtanB 3fleamis ttiCH 3 
Suds HNtan GadonShcd Oflnn- 
mied lot me FieeMU fna Cude 

JSttJgZ r. 

bedrm fannnse wtui extensive 
modern btogs. pasture, wood 
land 6 orchards. About 43 
acres. For sate by auction on 
Wednesday 19th Nov. Raffefy 
Bucktond iqtss] 888047 



KN OT fop (FArtOuft 7 w) Fam/ 
vs Wdw emne untio. 7 w- 
ages amrotw ffom maut bn 
DuAtotp. 5 tadnsHi isranc penad 
umaoese Pnantsd far farmer 
dMtaemM 60 icres aadDdne 
nrmbM Per Me is i nee edn- 

ClrariBitinL Si AuzRL 
Pt25 3NJ 
(U72B) 65611. 


LamMurnr. Untquety located 3 
bed house set u\ IHr aeras of 
very pm air garden / paddock, 
surrounded ny woodlands and 
beautiful ufm bcmm EamouB 
stud Well modermed. I nr 
central London iM4 exit 141 
Pfnnnmg pcrmMMon for valu- 
able exienuou £125 000 ono 
for quick saw. To veiw. phone 
■04881 71994 or Ol 388-4000. 


njTWSCKi Del family home. 4 
b«j4. bath. 2 reeeos. elks, ku/ 
q/f.iM uuiui-. gge. gflns. si. 
Pancros 45 mins ; Ml iOminv 
Clove in all amenities. £79.00a 
Tel iDUfii 713250 

iniertor designed appartmenu 
In a aewty convened greek re- 
vival mansion Lift, winter gdn 
A superb grounds. 2 beds, 
drawing ro o m, kitchen, bain- 
room From £56500 inciudON 
carpets 6 curtains- Just over 2 
hr* from Paddington TeL-0392 
832787 for funner details 

DEVON twix Cxeter/DawiMi 
well maiiuauted 3 bedroomed 
bock nou&p wuh garage and 
garden, bum 1964. ioO yds 
River Eye. fully furnWied. 
£69.750. IN 0625 890 700. 

N DEVON illlaor Ftw house. 4 
r evens. 6/7 beds, autbulkllngs. 
holiday lefUng business 4- 2 
tni lid! no plots in 5 one* 
C 325-000. Tef. (08061 22542 

ms FLYRtotmt pleasant mod- 
ern 3 bed connor in rural 
iiiJMr. Dc r OCH. garage. 6 
mile* city Nr Boating C44.SOO 
Trt 107321 880600 

COR MW ALLS own properly mag- 
azine Even- fortnight by post 
Newquay 0637 876383 i24 no 
PLYMOUTH Luxury flat 2 large 
beds double garage. lull GCH 
l£44 9£Oeicnlngs 0752 79081 1 





ChppgniramaMMiMNmJnaiM BHtiatnlfs LU.j.'.7|7«aiM 
A moot anrocAm fas% boom <M tag bum Mo iSfb c o M u ry. 

2 mespbon rooms. 4 btOrooms. D ig r sc o daaktootn 
kdchsnfbroikfaK loom. Gas caomd boasog 
Gvim lor 2 cars. 


CISS-ittUMO froaboki wtti abort % aero. 

DbMc Odpp raVira a Offica, Tat (0241} ftSfiMl. 



Mart n one 6 rrate. BR MacKAm.-Vsfona.'HSDom Vrtdad 4Q 
muM s London 30 mles. 

^wm aoo my c m ^ NwprtopHrtltanaOpMmromer^ 

3 l> c f 30on 4 boorooms. 2 c omoou ia acakfaom. kramon. 

Gas wii t d hoitmg. 

naparaf iw Im 3 mrc 

Gordon wrtl uu t am ootal pond. 

Sortio and grouncs. 

Lam* MH-contamod cattago wOi 2 mca o tc n rooms. 2 boonxns 
kacnM and u om roo m . 

<250000 Fmobofd rtm abort 2 ocros. 

Dobdbe Lo n don Ones Tab 01 -<26 <700. 



Sautmry (naan too - Wamnoo) 5 nlos 0303 <ta M3) 3 maos. 

A tea eoautty houoo of quaMy ndtao wefexiod gmarta andtosoijr 
ooflook mamma Bw Hm Av on. 

3 racopbon rooms. 5 oodrooms. 2 ta B troors. erttaroom. hchon t 
breakfast room, gomes room, usfcty room O* cacnai Boa&ng 
Gaogaro and garden. 

Haro lonrax coun. 

Odors I* too rogiQa of E225J OO Pm obokt 
DetsBs: letaboqr Otftoo, Tot {0722} 24422. 



A rttanang toeaebod cottago In a sodbdad pooltfon yrt «dn good 
v eM c i ta r ocean to London (45 m i ni—) art Id Ho eon grown 

mbLA-o oinfiila fl — — - i -a.— 

*mum wovaso vQarnryviCML 

3 bedrooms. 2 re capti on rooms, kitchen. De throom. 

Largo garden won ns own nan and fahmg ngn 
Stemming poof. 

Otters Mad In to* mgioo of tVHUXXI froohald. 

Dototac MnhM Ofta, Tot (0730| 6MT5. 



Grosvenor Street London W1X 9FH 
Tetephone 01 -629 6700 Tetex 27444 


Luxury detached 3/4 bedroom country 
homes, many with double garages and 2 
bathrooms, dining room, lounge with fire- 
places and luxury kitchen with 

ap plian ces. 

Come and see the very best of new home 
building at Pewsey Meadows, Pewsey, 

Telephones 0672 62089. 



16m Exeter, 20m Barnstaple 

Vficuvan n«F6oUac cnonliy house of srTnEise c£*ac» Cetonti gUJewri 
ion. 3/4 raceiJUxi looms. 7 bedrooms 4 tanfe r aon a . qaragn * Ort- 
boWoigs. Woodtertfi paddocks of 12 anes.Sqwa wits Restonnsina 
awiptewL Auam i2ih Not. ixless Sort Prxe gude ST5CU0C-x2fXI.aoc 

EXETER 0392 - 31276 

A qustty started beauDfuDy presented penod tBSEtwd ccnaw «ndt seo 
am 4 beds. 2 bubs. 3 recepun. luxury Leafs ftd ksatsi/b fasL 
eOMy. tadl CH, dble gge 4- s/c mrarxe. sneherad h acre garden 
Otters around £165.000 

Wtaehmar (0962} 60300 Satabury (0722) 33045 
Loudon 01-491 7868 

UDUKH salterton Modern 
town Mow Louboe/dlner. fit- 
ted Ml. ctoaknn. ? dMe beds, 
bout. 4bi go. gas ch Mauund 
garden, garage. Town 200 yds. 
£69.000. Tel: 024028 257. 



bSMb S ir*s Cdctesw 12 MS 
ThonDgNy aoC nrasnlf nccosoudea 

ne HA 

Deal tbb 4 HOSMn i«n& LffCbB' 
6 Becmos 3 cwmbds |3 en vati 

Deed Hmc 

CjDaae >sa pangc hiarc . 

2 log: y Cicc iL tthicn 
Cad!*i ana groLMH tftfukiq WooCas) 
Uu ate Swn ni w r j Peal, ro toc m; n 

Hanh ipsaMk 8 otes. tttooinite 
7 A cnootry house N ocmorai 
Hemp - a wee tsajmem Tuw 
restanee w erongivyv onm hi 
[Rsemg on ongaai ironies 
Also gd rt*ng hn^ts faesWi 
sedeoed « Ms 3 retro mo. rad u. 
■aery, tua S teds. ? bans, a 
Bnrong rtti Moor swimni peg 
Baa. s oMh i g aopaq PitHv ode 
SBHisaat ranudSaeres. 
S27S JXK Daus Iram 

Woodcock A Son 

Ifi, krradt SL 

Td (ftTO) 54352 


Wc have many progenies 
within a 20 mile radios of 
Sudbury in Suffolk in lie 
price range 
£33.000 - £300.000. 
Contact us for details on 

0787 310954 (T). 

WM find you a boms swiftly In 
ttw Cambridge Area. 

Ring Antoin ette Moses 
on 0223 311639. 

Member of the Assoc of 
R e l oca ti on Agents. 

tor 5 Bed Executive House. 
Fated ml capers, Gas c/h., 
pins fated kitchen aid utility 
wrti brand new aootances 
Fenced par den mtn heated 
sw8ig]®i pool and teg oba 
with Sauna/Jacuza. £135,000 

Tel. 0394 37634 

LMKMLHSMRE Lrnrm -jlr r«- 
quirrd. Latgr 5 MriHIlH 
Irmftoiu drljrhffl buiVi.iM»v in 
ouirt viIUhip im>v OHnortm 
Oifmv an £47.000. TH.0307K6 

OULTON BROAD fihv 4 iilun 
man-Hon 13 roams * i 04 m 
room*. 9 * 1 CH. 1 1 1 acr«-v. broads 

Ironcw olter* new LlhOOOO- 
OSOfi 6 SCU 6 



Dos S /rates, ftwwcft f7 mites. London 87 mtes 

An noaSent rasidefrtM workk>Q t mm wro ■ Jg 
■T. pfi .itew. QistingvMiod Gnd* IU tintd QoorgiBo 
style fannhooso with wafleo 0*0^*!!? ^22^52 
views 3 cottages. Modem «na adiUotvtiUdmb^W- 
ngs Ferote c^woed commercial fa/mtend wrtfun a rrog 
fence. Efljoysbte small shoot 
About 344 Aoes 
As s whole or in 2 lots 

ipawfeh Office: 11 Museum Snoot er%ri _.. 

Totp*^ 214841 5D09634) 


Stmtoid 2K irates. PBOroomugh 13 /rates (King* 


cottsgM. in an attractive Consacvation »MP 
Ptanrang Permission for 5 mews ccrtteOW vWh 
mg. Oraurd aid kitchen garden wah further potennai 
tor residentaf davetopmem. 

1.57 Acres. 

Grantham Office: 12 London Road __ . 

T«fc (0476) 

(Reft 4AS/3435 

01-629 7282 

w> y mm ni 


mmwmi wks tecated « Bpc kwWw 

Rtu'imd. si/wasfwj. noom m mm- 

Monday TOm NowemhM 

to mew » M#*x«¥^*g** mmtm 

cm, * u '""SSSSSmSSif^ 



Sattwood 1 mile. Folkestone 4 miles. 
Dover 8 miles. 

A superb Grade II Listed 18th Century 
farmhouse situated in a quiet rural 
position with extensive secondary 

5 reception rooms, kitchen, breakfast 
room, 6 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms. Staff 
fiat, 2 detached cottages, bam/games 
room (potential as a third cottage) 
Heated swimming pod. Outbuildings 
including stables. Gardens. Paddocks. 

About 4% acres 

Region £455,000 

Canterbury Office: 2 St Margaret's St., 
CT1 2TP 

Tel. (0227) 451123 (Ref. 8BC/2704) 

S T SE: T sfr.* = L;V 

9*. v;ix sm 

01-629 7282 


T&e only moodily aaoonsl caatocueoToidsml (Marie 
bones for UK. 

Bay ms or sribag contacc 

The Historic B^Idlius Co. 

PO Box 150. Choblnon GL)24 8JD 
Tel 09905-7983/6128 

Lage hmiyaoRtanN stand rt 
grounds al BuontouDi gMaop. 
4 mantes waft town cure and 
buen 30«Js.2toU Wwoouis.2 
reception roans, tatted fcttDen 
mtn nob and eye l»rt awn etc. 
Pnwta stwuse to ttae gardens, 
talemy- k> ny good dmaiM 
rwrtr.CT&OOO. Traced sale a 
go«g abroad. 

Thatched cotoge. 3 bedrooms, 
beaouM staattn compWRy 
renownd. Smmg room mtta ngle- 
nook fayttce. Wad p ine KD Dm. 

nred OibnSn^tan^^^ 


Tel 04253 3481 or 
0425 470329. 


o ccra r pn g gtoaous Boston on tot 
banks of ihe Rwer Wye - A nup- 
rabcent modem resrtsnco mtb 
flsktam ft 6 acres. £135.000 Fre&- 
hoW.toSs from 


nUMPTON on Severn. 
£155.000. A unique modern 
detaetted hauie In giortaus Sev- 
ern Vale vnuge wrong with 
central heaong. mart double 
glazing, cornmre porch. 3 re- 
ceouan roams, kflcnen. utlUCy. 
3 onlraanu. 3 baUwooiro. oa- 
rage ana gardens of hearty an 
am Lear A Lev <005382) 
2555/ S7SS. 



Cnpracter 5 Deflfoomed. tfe- 
©chcc Tucor style home 
bofcrtfing National Trust 
OOS0 Mil / M2S. Spacious 
ascomnxxlabofi ificfudmg 3 
racestiOrt rooms, susero tn- 
Otemok, luxury bathroom, 
limy fitted hitchen. double ga- 
rage ft ft acre. £195.000 ro 
nduda carped and asrtams. 

Teh 0279 726817 (N) 
or 01 491 8977 (0) 

WtSTOIfF Siuriaia won or- 
laehctl honM* in irn- linN rl. 
shqri wall wj a. suuor I ac-ini 
pnssc-.uon cf v. if ror.UimM 3/4 

brdmu-a Is! floor man. Ck-iwfll 

ot £7& PCM rein irom ora nr 
lUil From Mil ^eiS-IOQ Tft 
Q9Ti3b£u* alter com ■ 11 pm 

CSfCX^Mer/nia 7 nun 
Br-iimin- 5 mill-* 

•1 p-ROd rarrihruiv with out 
buiI-IUMr* si. to mg jji '1 lv.- 
.wTi-s -n nr--,.- nwdern.*.rfian 
Pnh-nlial ili & AtreliOP 
%ienK. % Beffroam* S tub 
rou.m Cr-tnarv T.m boon. 

Garariuiq. 1 1 sUWn with 

Rj^rdrd Lon over ELvr^.* ai 
LlTOCW SITU! 6 P4TM*.-. 
Cm imuail Osiivr Covvl 
HaU .Tel- 102351 ^£301 

WO HiW Wrait OntuaM- 
ing Country Heuee tot, 
spectacular views over tlvp Sev- 
ern Valley to me Malvern note, 
wnshe nver ironuge- A rec. 
offices, games rm. 7 tiros, z 
wnw. cmweg. Mm iu pi 
pdk and woodland. APrty- 
Jackson-StolM A SUff. TaL 
(036b) 640234. 

2 dettghNui 
country cottages supertNy can 
verted tram period bants srt 
aimdst lovely uMpout country- 
side staMe coiuoe edm Used 
on £69.750. Himtm Mew* OM 
tor offers based on £69.000 
Further details Andrew Cram, 
worse ester <09061 24477. 


rniir. s'* acres. 16 r si one 
maUlted bam conversion in 
raunirvside Exposm beams, 
uniour efurarmr. 4 beds 3 
baths lounoc. dhitna hall, (arm ■ 
nouw kitchen, toil. elks, full 
G/H.flbte 04T. £160000 HUM- 
a. PARKER 0823 772bl 

Bed* ? Baihf eons. 25' Draw 
inv Boom Dining Ckakronm. 
Luruiy FarhiHauie kiL Dble 
Gar**- secluded nbiiure Gar 
dm Buill 1 2 v ran aoo 40 mint 
London airport oifet* over 
£200.000 0420 Sous 



Very sumy aspect - Mu-Hens 
Go* due 1 , mfa - In scarab coun- 
try sarang y« any 10 nwuns 
hem Kjroenaenimanttkisuraon ■ 
London K mnimi om nun 

2 dauM bedrooms, en sunn Hto- 
mom t recepKni. «c DouM 
gangs. Gss central hneng 

Tel: HvpsBrim 
858 27 87711 
M atewl or 

DS8 283 nSlTSv Son] 

hARtoCT cork fosters Border 

liffl derached c Ural bouv 
Wf» 3/4 A WfOrOJC 

(ten 5 mnUteV MT6 OM 

•iiHkrqruund- Carl* wn»rs*«m 

£210.000 Tel 01 441 3<>U 

■onufMKSTED ipe v« iam 

toe. 4 nous, a reev Hit kd. UUI. 
Udn 35 mins Ltoa. r«nv Mi. 
M25 Cd vcfHMK Pm ML 
£110.000 04h 27 5064 

Bernard Thorpe 


Lane Fox 


Eiactewr 3 mil* * . H9 3 mU m 

SiniM Room, kitchto. 3 btAuottd. brtthwCfc Omp 
Cirdn. AdnoDiai fttabte tend 
About l(ki8«erM 

P« irate *» * whate of in 2 kite. 

4 Jewry St. Wtacbnter TeL OW 699f9 





vmr sunn 


Wyw^loo M n B tpriRaideiteteiwop w ftfiiite 
Irayra t wR RteiOt n v l te bte ot ell t y pe*. Staid ■ 

1 ant M wiW I in m HOUG£/8UNQMLOW/ftM 
WBI> bMRowm. MF ortf* rM00 to t 



ufTTiiTii? a no wisn wan i wh wuubik. 



LfcRBd 16th C bftamao houM 
1 ml M20. 5 bodrms. 2 
bathrms. 3 recaption, kitenqn, 
garage. Sw- racing gwOrav 

Sole Agent 
Taytor a Tester 
0732 4561 54 




Major portion ol imposing 
cowtoy rasrtanca wWi oxcap- 

bonal news sat m 2 ft iOrw. 
Apply: Kings, Otford 
(09592) 4844 

HR. OOVU, D<-t(ir bed Reqeqry 

lyny s 2 wtwk» 

ra«m. bauiraora Kuctv-rv. hooe 
frttar, an i/7 one phri. Com- 
w™» _ mumoted. Great 

invrttnteni hum M l due (*> 
Channel Tunurt £U9 008 
Trteehoof Pnarttv kuimi 
831509 at 103051 863050. 

nwgftun 25mb. 
COTveiMrt (or New- 
port. Wmck 
Arcfntea dtejgnrt 
lour, 4 bate, 1 with 
dressing room and shower 
room on sue, porch, an- 
trma tall, sittmg room. 
ity room, rnngrai garage. 
smaU south facing pnvate 
garden wtei squanh- Gas 
ch. ottras £80.000 

Tri 0203 411437 


y/i t " 1 

wnwv*«iw a mar* mi. a 
1Mh«NMttnMMffi Lmutv IM8 
WWW bURMqtv. taWT R 
nwnprowtato aptoHi S» acre 
araomnuaminadte '. j<r*w»r 

Wimwon « 

tot* hri*eu)i*i<) 

m li mono tvV*«) 


•***: *«*!**♦ totete nr to wt- 
memJpe ainnw, tom tattfatf 
hlllUMlM Vntato-whl ruib 
reM ktahrq MWdSwJS 
wrmiwiki*Ki», .OhmwI* 
duitnii rnora tmkNK mnaM 
P«m4 m miirv itam BUtkdMtMi 

nutt «hi5h 

"tew* ntrLjM tar s nn 
M <imii a. ueos wMosa iwtMe 

O'* 4 .. 


(Best part). 

Uofta del V«i sm* re; ■ ige « 
bw«d^ safr ta awint Sanaa 


M<dnt Min im. gw <5 »m 
ewrair-. totort 8W eta 
bw EBOQOO stems. I.n 

01-384 1257 (I) 

MM t to taRTtOH ItaWV rtli w t lq 
■Miutan IHAnr rime In Tlwnm 
SMOto** hMuror -'Otort wKh 
rulty- toted nciwv 
•totrai vbJrr^vev. outerv Mim 
. wtm e<v 4u»w- iMtartn. 3mt 
iwdntt lo wcMm oertton (to 

c« Lcu.eoo fn'Q**»-?a 2 au 

wkmtasMter 7 s> mu wiuutyv 

IWtoMNMt ce 

jrfUrtmi mim 

.08} s»»*? 





HAMI'shj Ri 

"iNrAir n: tr ., . 
tw??* ' *,-■ 

k M ,J 

**tu v.v.V: 

**-*•«* it. 

St. «. 

MDrti T ( t-t L 

rt ll ii'. i* . 

8W»~r ... 

T#"** ****** p.'. om 



*' '"'-**7! V- 




tm f* uk;vm*< 
i w» M wen ? t .- 

NQMNttlU* ..; 

*r#^ sirs;, tx 


I *R *** •■••■*•— » r-' .•n .'inn 

■ ,.f t i<-V b 

i» ** -»• 

***< . 




£59,000 - £133,000 

(0344) 424126 



£64,500 TO £140,000 

(025672) 4145 


£64, 000-E1 40,000 

(0252) 879808 


£170,000 TO £240,000 

(0865) 54243 

Part Exchange 
Scheme Available 


N* SAAl ±r- 





. -B'1" 

. • -• J " 

.. . • • 

4 AffU V .»*— 
tup yv* ■* v* u 

Tim war r 

fo* Affwr 




At Midland we want yon to 
buy the home you want. 

When you want. That’s why 
well lend up to.90% of the 
valuation price, and up tothree 
times your income (or twice 
joint applicants’ combined 
income). You don’t even have 
to be a Midland customer 
We also move fast (an answer 
in principle within a couple of 
days). We have just one interest 
rate (cmrenliy 11.0%, 

APR 11.5%), no matter what 
the size of your mortgage or 
whether you choose endow- 
ment or repayment And well 
give you a certificate to prove 


O Midland Bank pic 1986. 

we’re prepared to lend. It all 
adds up to a better mortgage. 

Any Questions? 

Get ns on our new mortgage 
‘Hotline’- on 0742 761231. 
Well be talking as well as 

Written details available from 
Customer Information Service, 
Freepost, Sheffield SI 1AZ. 




- Gty Centre 2 naks 


18 ynr otd house butt of 400 
year old beams. 4.000 tart 
atom, at 5 bods. 2 baths. 4 
reaps. Sk> JajSdna rf anal 

Beautiful Coovenhw of de- 
cant period farmhouse. 
Ttam corvenwns & 9 new 
properties in comtywd setting. 

WctapJ. 2 teas. Tort privacy 
without tsdahnn. 

Tot ftaddp an DM 723657 

stock, near Bteaheim Palace. 
Large double fronted 17 C 
Ctbop Ii listed house bi the High 
SL with 2 around floor show 
ihatnlMsing sawn / wool snoot. 
Scour for further commercial 
use or revrrsloii to grliW 
oweiung saucct to ptaomno. All 
laraM ooaseswoocn 
Uon £180.000. 0903 71 TOT. 

awom cmr ccmtihc. Luxttfv 

apartment. 2 nett. CCH. nark- 
ino. wart riverside 
leraUonA-trwa. 98 yrar lew*. 
EDO .000 vacant n on e winn . 
Phwr ring ■ PauL Vodafone 
0836-234400 or 01S5&O6W 

nee or tw coTswouBSL ok- 

tord 14 milra. Witney 4 mure- 
A rhurmtoa Period coMagc a«; 
niy idtuVed on edge of unmMJl 
unaop. 2 Rw c K ron a. 3 Bed- 
roam . Lam OWden. Oll*w 
around £82000 Lane WJ* 
partner* wtm Pytinds, Wwe 
ion Cheney. Banbury. Oaon. 
Trl 0249 710992. 


New Hows Dot 
Td Oxford 240801. 

i7ui C. Stone Col n«o» 
Lob. aWShower. 2 »«*■ *“■ 
UUI. S Beds. Bat h. C H. 
JE92.S00. Brecfuan* Breekan 
0866 244736 or Andrew Pat- 
tnWHI 0868 610669. 

OXKMtOSMHE. Ccntrr of -Be* 
new vmogr in Osdwawe 
1986’. B miles south of Ban- 
bury. l«h Century converted 


(086961 6648 OT 01-828 0905- 


HOUSES of historical 
Merest bi central 
conssmtion area of 
Diversity town. Offars over 
E957000ond E150JXXJ am 

Td 0334 77107. 



C A M— S AW COAST. Barrooum. 3 
bed bungalow. Known, dirano 
room wub lounge. MOwoom. 
KueL cch. Flower and we 
Banina Caraoe. sura room. 
£46.000 aaa. 0341 2BOIB9, 




Near to Cheain Village, Stunrey.* 

Lodge Close is an attractive courtyard 
development of just four spacious five 
bedroom d e tached houses ideally situ- 
ated in a secluded landscaped setting 
whfain easy walking distance of tte sta- 
tion (Waterloo 35 mins). 

Prices from £245,000 freehold 

Demonstration house open for viewing 
Friday to Monday htdusive off Howell 
HiU Crave. Cheam Road. Selling agents 
DixmHmd& Co. 2 Ewell Road, Cheam, 
Surrey. Telephone: 01-661 1531 . 



f 1 1 N i i 


Haiti 1 


*^4 ''Vr^teiN 


0380 850240 fT) 



BATH Central. Lbfed B Merer 
Ororeun iwn. 3 new. 7 
beds. wdcn/MiUae. FCCH 

£165.000. TM KC26I 64124 

| BMtfVOH. Drtacbed period town 
home Quarter acre wauni gar 
don Sen adKWitng ranage. 
OuUwUdinga £150,000. R.B 
Taylor 4t Soul 61. Kwh St- 
and on. SUMUH. ■ 10749) 
| 812217 • . . 


Guroigne-Ffc*^ I U E. GBHSTEAD 

Swob candy —so. ouMndta 
pMor—e, MAsm was. 5 bed. 2 
rah. 2 / 3 Jna nos. Gbapau 
token, etc. Cf (L hfennl —n poeL 
fine —dm & genmb. 5 an 
E350AK) timftokL Sda igeSL 

■rjOM period Mfou nntage. cm 3 . 
Bagrt la quirt MIMA, yet I 
waadna dtsanen mm town , 
outre ana BJt- aaaaa. 2 fidiy 
fated dU bedrMUW. and 3nf 
beo/mdy occnwing me mind 
floor, large reception, wilh wig- i 
tod bneu nrenuee. tHOucnw 1 
simitar, ovenooknig sertaded 
ran* courtyard. Fully om 
known with an mOancm. 
large modem aat nnwnUun 
cn. and new wmno ihrsugn 
out. Lay (rani garden. In 
fetBunbk Wt ww R-r order. 
Berner carpet, and curaini 
nco. £67^00 «n Tel Lfttom 
1057271 23749 anyltnw 

ewamws home wuch 

uroomr umunp wnw «. 

0600 890330 



Character Coadh House in 
favoured north west area. 
Super® view rural posi- 
tion. 5H acres. Statues a 
bufldbigs. £247,500. 

Vernon Smith, 
07372 46868 


Character Coach House in 
favoured north west area. 
Swart) vie— rural posi- 
tion. 5K acres. Saties 8 
buftfngs. £247.500. 

Vernon Smith, 
07372 46868 


fWinyacAn nr armten. 
Drtanwd Oungaiaw. S beds, a 
bsuu, lounge, dinine MU. pine 
hllrtwo. uuilty room, oai Of. 
<fViMe glazed, panige. SiW 
—dWL good famuy nctue. 
«7-S0O Trt 0273 30064 

Taylor & Tester 
3. King St, 
East Ortnstead, SX. 
(0342) 24478 


A i— ia gum— ly U ae-e a at 
uy convenM Muz kosri m 
oni*a m—k A pakadn 

2t tom pu—ee 

n warn. Uft Um 

OONWITinr COTT. Stnup bankre. 

Sure views. 2/3 beds. Men T. 
mnmac com.. CH. idem- 
reuremeni/ZM dome. 

C3V.7BO. Teh Oaonau * oo 
Otweetry 0691 655534. 



W a wfaHar 3 mbs. Sattdiuiy 
3D rnteAteeunM stone bait 
maw Inure. Gtitonod nun 
hal. 3 lurther ncqnnn rooms. 
5 rat aid 3 seconaay 
badmoms. 5 battowarw. 

Ludgs. Satie btack. Garacng. 
Had tennis court. Rvi&a. 
fine aniens and grands. 
Adore 28 ams. 

beds. 3 l*Wi (DC 
Ground, 2/3 ns 

Motffis Emm AGarrs 
34 leedre SL. S ta—nta ea Si 
SBKL Pfc (W24) 43B1CZ 





Detached Cturaar Cnage 
moomsed. 2 Beds. £3iMl 
Close to sstront. 
Properties mNM in all price 

SUPOtB S UMP style country.] 
house m over 5 a era on Hie , 
Sunev/SuBo boraer. Oum lo- 
cauou- 3400 ware fooL 5 I 

mg- (040373 2949 Hytutw. 

PCASOUIVDI Drtucbcd bunga- 
low facing Engtnb channel, 3 
due bedim. 2 MhniH. u en 
suWL 26" tannoe. We Wf. dtnlno 
r«. pan*, wage. £72,000. 
07914 5969 /D1 286 5664 

200 yr OM Georgian Manor 
Houar oicnoofrine Gower 
pmMnwia and C aer narf o n 
Bay 6bconn* + 3aaicDedm«s. 
4 n**H. fufly modernised. Ma- 
ture worn. Meal w— i now. 
£80000 Tel: 1055461 37u2 





1 Freehold plot of Just 
under K acre, with an 


Burhill Estates 
Co Ltd. 


(0932) 220815 


WAintB On long Irate targe 
country house /farmhouse 
GWuce^tmhire / Herefordshire 
/ Wales Tel 0452 31 145 Idayj 
0052 21359 

SALISBURY. One mBr aiy een- 
Ue. 5 bed period (umiSKd 
canape. Goa. ohm oh eats 
prm Wvlyr <098961 31T (Tl 


Modernised cottage to let. 

ad dams, overlooks 
parktand, stei 4. OR, 
phone, TV., 

Chepstow 2 mb. £75 pw. 

vrtf c O HOM td lUnushed 2nd 
Oder dal B cowny house. 3 
beds. tmn. stwwcr. 2 WGs. Ul- 
taie room wm bWoony. kU/- 

oniy. Bwccabte re f ere nc es es-1 
MUUM. £450 pan. 0256 5077S I 


OVER 55? 

sps o sM a d teamen- amour 
waresn sannes. Comenam dams. 
4 M fOu«n a wum Una on an 
aoM prapwiyn ms most 

mawaniiiiiara Bom 

£7flJXML Ooton. BOAS. Nomnn. 
Sonwrset FUloaMatim 


rSoMALMtaH ft I 

Tat 81-937 4511 

woe 46- x 2S*l. I 

for 4 gns. OHens B the region 
ClBOJOOO. OecaHK Addn. to 
Hloh snert. Abtnodoa ax Id 
BAY TeL-0235 26080 

MMMTED couniry corttne. wilts - 
Chine wea. ion OO.OOQ. Tel 01 
584 2&0B or BraniMm 850963 


near GW 2 beareomo. crnimu- 1 
nal pool, next to beach. 
£39.000 nep. Gary 01-499 I 
1165 day 01-969 4617 eves. , 



snoot* 1-3 Mreora Apts. 

pfinB ggif coml 

* Anchorage CUTs 
ranwranL bars and hnlth 

feting serw* witfaB tho 

worU tw«B Bertne 

cU art annflnU c8HnL 
Exofcrt mortgage finance. 
* Pitas from £3Sil00 to 

53 Uppor Brook St. 
London W1Y IPG. 

TeL (01) 629-0883 

I RUMBCSAi List. S bed. ground fir 
I apt betwixt Matatuf and SanU 
Pans*. Entry phone, pool, cam . 
pMe with ■ marina berth. 

| £22X500 Tel: (M8182) 3876 


Quality Spanish villas, coastal farmhouses and 
apartments al very reasonable prices 

Costa Blanca * (ista Calida 

Personal callers welcome. Brochures on request 


Crown Executive Suite. 40 Upper Parifamcm Siren. 
Nottingham Tel: (0602) 411344 
TLX: 37235 Chaide G 


A vSa in T —rtfa SimNl car- 
iBrtty oo otte on a hwfioW basis. 

S'S££TSk a S 

HhoUng/o«naslq> farti £7.995 


The mast dsdabfa seaside 
property n Uetzs. Crown Ma- 
rine enjoys a sheltered 
southern aspect, located be- 
broen the two moor traditional 
hotels in fins lovely resort 
Minuses Irani Patina itutf. 
Crown Maine Is atea don to 
pw courses, tennis courts and 
□oaches. At Crown Marine you 

have ■ chons of two oaf twee 
bedrooms, rtge Inring roans 
wth inforoBaabfe views, two 

bathrooms, fitted Mai and 
private partmfl. In addition 
there are two pools, set in 

S icent landscape^ 

rtfae the ideal hrast- 
mera m resort Hvfag. 

Alex M & Co 

118 Kaosiniten Qurch St 
London WB fc Ta (01) 221 


izuramrE savin, nwueinv 
vtttpmme gn Su Miguel Golf 
Geuiw oirnooiang ora. or «u- 
nero properam by Kiwi Kound. 
Mixcnl w new Manna, nr las 
Americas. Trt Crew Sol Proper' 
Bra 107721 25587 04 nrn 
ABQPA mm ti r Free brochure | 

Tet 041 620266 


.«ainHWcf I 

the anqi who OBted a bamdoJ 
^va y aem oT apamaens in 

S haw made h 

Lgf pamamet bonKT 
Rar ■ fiee faodme - Vi RJL 
! thnoker oo 051-356 9305 




free copy ta 



■ MB#qina 

bed. 2 bath villa, tanefulh' fur- 
mshrd. Pnvale rale . Ortera. 
CYC50.000. Trt 0727 35267/ 

CYfiniS. Properly pr oW emy ? ELx- 
Maw or MnleuiplBUng. 
Ewnnal advtco SAL. Reply to 
BOX £S2. 

e rr >05 . 2 bedroom. fuUy fur- 
a Mud. Panne*. Bwiw ttw 
deeds. C56XKXL 01-6TS 764a 

PAGES 38 & 39 










October 28: His Excellency Vi- 
comte Luc de ia Barre de 
Nanieuii was received In audi- 
ence by The Queen and pre- 
sented the Letters of Recall and 
his predecessor and his own 
Letters of Credence as Ambas- 
sador Extraordinary and Pleni- 
potentiary from the French 
Republic to the Court of St 

His Excellency was accompa- 
nied by the following members 
of the’ Embassy, who had the 
honour of being presented to 
Her Majesty: Monsieur Jean- 
Nod de Bouillane de Lacoste 
(Minister Counsellor), Contre- 
Amiral Jean-Pierre Lucas 
(Armed Farces and Naval Atta- 
che), Monsieur Bertrand 
Schneiter (Minister Pleni- 
potentiary, Financial Coun- 
sellor). Monsieur Guy Canon 
de La Carriere (Minister Pleni- 
potentiary, Head of Commer- 
cial Department), Monsieur 
Dominique Chassard (First 
Counsellor), Monsieur Micbd 
Galas (First Counsellor, Con- 
sular A flairs). Monsieur Gilles 
Chouraqui (Cultural Coun- 
sellor) and Monsieur Guy Yelda 
(Press Counsellor). 

Vicomtesse de Nanieuii had 
the honour of being received by 
The Queen. 

Sir Patrick W right (Perma- 
nent Under-Secretary of State 
for Foreign and Commonwealth 
Affairs) who had the honour of 
being received by Her Majesty 
was present and the Gentlemen 
of the Household in Waiting 
were in attendance. 

His Excellency Saved 
Mohamed Al-Tajir was received 
in farewell audience by The 
Queen and took leave upon His 
Excellency relinquishing his 
appointment as Ambassador 
Extraordinary and Pleni- 
potentiary from the United 
Arab Emirates to the Court of St 

Mr H.G. Arburthnotl was 
received in audience by The 
Queen and kissed hands upon 
bis appointment as Her 
Majesty's Ambassador Extraor- 
dinary and Plenipotentiary at 

Mrs Arbuthnott had the hon- 
our of being received by The 

Mr Carol Mather, MP bad the 
honour of being received by Her 
Majesty and delivered up his 
Wand of Office as Comptroller 
of the Household. 

The Hon Robert Boscawen, 
MP bad the honour of being 
received by The Queen, deliv- 
ered up his Wand of Office as 
Vice-Chamberlain of the House- 
hold, and received from Her 
Majesty his Wand of Office as 
Comptroller of the Household. 

Mr Tristan Garel-Jones, MP 
had the honour of being re- 
ceived by The Queen upon his 
appointment as Vice-Chamber- 
lain of the Household and 
received from Her Majesty his 
Wand of Office. 

The Right Hon Margaret 
Thatcher, MP (Prime Minister 
and First Lord of the Treasury) 
had an audience of The Queen 
this evening. 

The Queen was represented 
by His Excellency Mr James 
Allan (Her Majesty's Ambas- 
sador Extraordinary and PJe/ii- 

f otemiary at Maputo) at the 
late Funeral of His Excellency 
Samora Moises Machel (Presi- 
dent of the People's Republic of 
Mozambique) which was held in 
Heroes Square, Maputo, 
Mozambique this morning. 

By command of The Queen, 
the Viscount Boyne (Lord in 
Waiting) was present at 
Heathrow Airport. London this 
afternoon upon the departure of 
The Duke of Gloucester for Italy 
and bade farewell to His Royal 
Highness on behalf of Her 

October 28: Lady Angela Os- 
wald has succeeded Miss Jane 
. Walkcr-Okeover as Lady-in- 
Waiting to Queen Elizabeth The 
Queen Mother. 

October 28: The Prince of Wales 
this morning opened the SOth 
Anniversary Conference of the 
National House-Building Coun- 
cil at the Hilton HoteL Park 
Lane, London Wl. 

Mr Humphrey Mews was in 

His Royal Highness, Air 
Commodore-in-Chief. The 
Royal New Zealand Air Force, 
this afternoon received Air 
Vice- Marshal Patrick Neville on 
assuming the appointment of 
Chief of Air Staff. 

The Princess of Wales, Pa- 
tron, The British Deaf Associ- 
ation. this evening attended a 
reception at St James's Palace. 

Miss Anne Beckwith-Smilh 
and Lieutenant-Commander 
Richard Ay lard, RN were in 

October 28: Princess Alice, 
Duchess of Gloucester, Air 
Chief Commandant, Women's 
Royal Air Force, this afternoon 
visited RAF Wyton, 

Dame Jean MaxweQ-Scott 
was in attendance. 

The Duke «f Gloucester, at- 
tended by Lieutenant-Colonel 
Sir Simon Bland, left Heathrow 
Airport this afternoon to visit 
Rome and Naples. 

Upon arrival at the Airport, 
His Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by His Excellency Signor 
Bruno Bottai (Italian Ambas- 
sador). Sir John Stow (Special 
Representative of the Secretary 
of State for Foreign and 
Commonwealth Affairs), Mr 
Tony Clarry (British Airways 
General Manager. Ground Op- 
erations London) and Mr David 
Clements (Special Facilities 
Officer, Heathrow Airport). 

Sale room 

Highlighting a decade of change 

Tea years ago, to produce a total of 
000,000, an English watercolour safe 
would have had to contain examples of 
the best work of Turner, Girtin, Cozens, 
Sand by and their greatest colleagues. 

Tastes and the market have changed, 
and yesterday at Christie’s a good hot 
unexciting sale of, for the most part, 
Victorian watercolours produced 
£303,941 with a mere four per cent 
looght in. 

The top lot was a sugary Birket Foster 
sunset called ‘The Fetry" which sold for 
£23,100 (estimate £15,000-£20,000). It 
is not possible to say what this might 
have made a decade ago, but in 1966 it 
could not raise a bid of £280. A similar 
taste and progress could be seen in the 
£11,550 paid by a private bidder for a 
view of an old Kentish manor house, 
with hollyhocks, topiary and a cat, by 

By Hnon MaHalfea 

Helen AOingfaam (estimate £4,000- 
£6,000). The artist herself sold it hi 1894 

Sporting subjects were also very 
popular and a “Pheasants Rising" dated 
1900 by Archibald Thorium reached 
£17,600, again paid privately (estimate 

At Phillips, the auctioneers were 
taken by surprise by the demand for a 
very battered canvas of Lot and his 
Daughters attributed to the Florentine 
Giovanni Bdivcrti (1576-1644) aid 
given an estimate of between £1,000 and 
£1,500. Despite tire extensive damage it 
went to the Heim Gallery for £24260. 
The sale produced £193,589 with nine 
percent bought in. 

At Sotheby's a safe of scientific and 
medical instruments and ship models 

made a total of £180,669 with 6.7 per 
cent failing to find buyers. 

There was strong private bidding, 
although the medical section did not 
seem to have recovered entirely from a 
recent tfuU A rare gilt brass early 
seventeenth century mariners* astro- 
labe, which was probably Portuguese, 
reached £27,500 (estimate £15,000- 
£25.000), and a Universal Double- 
Crescent Altitude dial by J. WilfebrnmL 
of Aaasbere, dating from about 1725, 
made £18,150 (estimate £6.000 
£ 10 , 000 ). 

In New York on Monday Christie's 
sold stiver to a total of $1,765*555, or 
£131653, with 12 per cent bought in. 
A kettle, stand and lamp by the great 
Pan) de Lamerie, dated 1751, reached 
5220,000 or £153,846 (estimate 

Birthdays today 

Professor Sir Geoffrey Allen, 58; 
Professor Sir Alfred Ayer, 76; 
Dame Anne Bryans, 77; Dame 
Elizabeth Cockayne, 92; Miss 
Susie Cooper, 84; Admiral Sir 
Derek Empson. 68; Sir Graeme 
Finlay, 69; Sir William Glad- 
stone. 61; Mr Robert Hardy, 61; 
Sir Edward Howard, 71; Mr 
Michael Jayston, 51; Sir Philip 
Oppenheiraer, 75; Mr Jon 
Vickers, 60: Mr R. A. Withers, 
73; Professor Oliver Zangwili. 


Baroness Phillips 
Baroness Phillips entertained 
members of the Media Society 
at dinner last night at the House 
of Lords. Mr Peter Caner-Ruck, 
president, was in the chair. 

Enropean-Atfantte Group 
Mr Geoffrey Rippon, QC, MP, 
presided at a meeting held by 
the European- Atlantic Group 
last night at the House of 
Commons for M Jean-Pierre 
Hocke. Among those present al 
a dinner held afterwards at St 
Ennui's Hotel were: 

The Swiss Ambassador arm Mmr 
Ptciat. the Earl of Longford. the Hon 
Sir CUve and Lady Barbara Bossora. 
Sir James and Lady DunnetL Sir 
Peter Maniuit and Mr David 
Wadding! on. QC. MP. 

Printers' Charitable 


Sir Eric Cheadle, a Trustee of 
the Printers' Charitable 
Corporation, presided at an 
anniversary dinner held last 
night at the Hilton hotel. The 
Duke of Atholi, president, and 
Lord Deedes also spoke. Among 
those present were: 

Lord and Lady DetfonL L ady F eather. 
Sir Cordon and Lady Brunttxv. Dame 
Vera Lynn. Lady Cheadle. Lady 
BuUin. Mr and Mr* Bruce Matthews. 
Mr and Mrs Peter Clbbtnas. Mr and 
Mrs Boy Ekbero. Mr and Mrs Robert 
Maxwell and Canon and Mr* John 

Glass Selkra' Company 
The Lord Mayor and Lady 
Mayoress, accompanied by the 
Sheriffs and their ladies, at- 
tended the annual ladies dinner 
of the Glass Sellers' Company 
held last night at the Mansion 
House. The Master, assisted by 
the Wardens, and accompanied 
by their ladies, presided. The 
Lord Mayor, Lord Mackie of 
Benshie arid Mr W.PJ.M. Gar- 
nett also spoke. Others present 

The Master* of the stationer** and 
Newspaper Makers*. Glaziers'. Scien- 
tific Instrument Maker*'. La under ers'. 
Painter Stainers*. Barber*'. Tobacco 
Pipe Makers* and Tobacco Blenders* 
and Constructor*' Companies and the 
Master Of the Company of Makers Of 
Playing Cards and their ladies: the 
President of the Society of Glass 
Technology and Mrs Cteawyn-Davtes 
and the Right Rev Kenneth and 
Deaconess Juliet Wooteombe. 

Memorial services 


HM Government 
Mr John Butcher. Parlia- 
mentary Under Secretary of 
State for Industry, was host at a 
reception held yesterday at Ad- 
miralty House in honour of the 
Organization for Economic Co- 
operation and Development ex- 
pert group on exchange of 
confidential data on chemicals. 

Lord Plant 

A service of thanksgivinc far the 
life and work of Lord Pont was 
held yesterday at St Margaret's, 
Westminster. Canon Trevor 
Beeson officiated. Mr Peter A 
Cripps, General Secretary of the 
Police Federation of England 
and Wales, and Mr Edward 
Beckett, General Secretary of 
the Post Office and Civil Service 
Sanatorium Society, read the 

Addresses were given by Lord 
Gedwyn of Penrhos, CH, 
Opposition Chief Whip, House 
of Lords, Mr James r^llaghan. 
MP, and Mr Tony Christopher. 
General Secretary of the Inland 
Revenue Staff Association. 
Among others present: 

The Heo John amt Mr* Plant and lb* 
Hon CfcrtsMDTier and Mrs Plant (sons 
and cUuowcrvto-UwL Mr and lb* 
Hon Mr* Bay PObeara <son-toJaw and 
daughter!. Mr Nigel Plant. Nicola and 
Joann* PUnL Mt» Sarah Pflbeam and 

Mr Nlcnotas PUbeam (grandchildren}. 

MU* F Plant Sm ertT mm Janet 
Mayer*. Mr and Mr* P Dudek. MfcoD 
KnigbL Mrs M E Jackson. Mr ana Mrs 
K B Gills. Mr R l Jackson. Mrs E 
Brough. Miss Betty Husliar. 

Baroness Lockwood, Loro Pamooby 
of Sbutbredc. Lord undemuL Lord 
Stewart Of Fulham. CH. Lord 
Houghton of Sowerby. CH. Lora 
CoWsoo. Lord Taylor of Blackburn. 
Lord Boston of Favenham. QC Sir 
Stanley Raymond. Mr* E Beckett. Mr 
Jack Jones. CH. Mr Geoffrey Drain. 
Mr David Knox. MP. Mr George 

Foggon. Mr John Munro. Mr Frank 

winrow (president. Inland Revenue 
Staff Federation! with Mr Clive 
Brooke (deputy general secretary} and 
other member* of the federation. 

Mr H Ross (general secretary. 
Association of Chief Police Officer*). 
Mr P Mannlon (Joint Central Commit- 
tee. Ponce Federation], Mr D L Aired 
and Mr A w LteweOyn (W*» 
Yorkshire Ponce Federation). Mr P 
Foster and Mr P Butler (Nonbunitxta 
Ponce Federation). Mr N Coven (Kent 

County Constabulary Joint Branch 

Board). Chief Superintendent L Sow* 

(Police Superintendents Awoq ad o n L 

Mr J J Rafferty and Mr* B V Fcams 

(Merseyside Police Federation). Mr 
Brian Roger* (West Midland* PoOCe 

Federation). Mr C H Mullen Orudand 

Constabulary Police Federation). Mr 

Roland Park ( L anca shi re Constabu- 
lary Police FeoeranonL Mr Tony 
Byrn (Sussex Police Federation). 

Mr H D Hughes and Mrs a Clark. 

(Workers* Educational Association]. 

Mr Peter janes (Council or cress 
Sendee Unions). Mr John Audsley. 

Mbs Sytvu Dive and Dr Kim Dirnond 

fBeneoden Chest Hospital). Mr Rhys 

Robinson (chairman. International La- 

bour Office Go ve rn ing Body also 
representing the Depart men i of 
Employment) with Mr David Richard- 

son (director. ILQ): Mm W Howson 
(OvD Aviation Authority l Mr Clrve 

Salt (Post Office Federation). Mr R 

Tharijy (British Telecom HO). Mr J 

Saunders (Chief Valuer* Office. CRy 

Valuation branch). Mr K Taylor 
(Crane and P ar t n e r s). Mr O P Corbett 

and Mrs Corbett (representing York 

Lodge. Seafordl. Mr Derek Gladwin 

(Ruskin College. Oxford). Mr David 

Clark and Mr Frank Bcebee (Inspec- 

tor* Grade Committee). Mrs D 
W nature (South London Taxes). Mr 

Duncan Corcoren (West m i n st er The- 

atre). Mr T T Luckcuck (representing 
the chairman. British Waterways 
Board). Mr w M W Bamsiuil (Board of 
Inland Revenue) and Mr K J 

Every year, 14,000 people in this country Vlfe teach them how to tie their shoes and 
go blind. Their first reaction is often despair, cross the street again. 

RNIB’s response is help. Finally, we can help them find a new job 

We help them begin their lives again, so that they can regain their independence, 
starting with lessons on shaving, dressing and To carry on this work we depend entirely 

making a cup of tea. upon your donations. 

You can donate to RNIB by using Access or Visa- phone Sheila Butler on (01) 388 1266 during office hours. Q S 

Sr Desmond Pood 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Sir Desmond Pond was 
held yesterday at St Paul's, 
Knighisbridgc. The Right Rev 
Ronald Goodchild offi ciat ed 
and pronounced the blessing. 

Mr Ambrose Miller, son-in- 
law, nad the Japanese transla- 
tion of Pscdm 23 and the Rev 
Christopher Couxtaold read the 
lesson. Sir Martin Roth, Sir 
John EEis and Sir Donald 
Acheson. Chief Medical Officer 
ar the Department of Health and 
Soda] Security, give add "”^ 
Among those present were; 

Lady Pond wMowl Mr* A Miner and 
Dr CaroUne Pond (dummj. Dr 
Ruth Kle mp erer (stter-uMm.). Dr F 
Ktempeiw. Mr P Klem p erer. 

Lord Hastings (chatrmam. BTUHh 
Epilepsy Research Foundation) with 
Mr A Aopbiau (chief executant, the 
Hon John Scarlett str James Cowans 
(secretary. Medical Research Cannes). 
Sir Gordon Roman. Lady Em*. Lady 
Parke*. Str Harry Moore. Str Brian 
Warren. Lady Root. 

Dr T H Bewley (president. Royal 
College of Psyouaiimt*) with Dr j 
Btrley (dean). Professor R c Priest 
(registrar) and Mrs Pries*. Dr Peter 
Wnite (trainees committee), and Mrs 

Vanessa Cameron (secretary): Profes- 

sor R C Q Matthew* (Matter, cure 
College. Cambridge l. Professor R 
Duckworth (Dean. London Horottal 
Memcai Colleger Professor J P Surety 
(representing me president- Royal 
College of Surgeons). Mrs Margaret 
Eos (College of occupational Theta- 
pttts. also representing me occupa- 
tional UterasW*. Loudon HosHtalL 
Professor .M C Older (department of 

(representing B*e president- Royal 
Gofiegr of Physksaro). Or Marshall 
Mannker (Merck. Sharpe and Dottroe 
Foundation). Prebendary Edward 
Shatter (Institute of Medical Ethics 1. 
Dr Ralph HettMTtngton (British 
Psychological society). Mr* 
Gwynneih Ross tPsycniainc 
Rehabilitation Association}. Dr A 
Jackson (Bximh Psychiatric Associ- 

Dr Beulah Brwiey rpresadeot- Medl. 
cal women's Federation). Dr George 
Rankioe (Medical Officers of Schools 
Association). Mr C H Smrtttr Unsatule 
of Religion and Med i ci n e). Professor F 
W O' Grady (chief sctenosL Depart- 
meat of Health and Social Security l 
with Dr J Rcm i senior principal 
medical officer, Medical Mental 
Health Division) and Dr J S NeOeik 
Mr John Cruft (booorary treasurer. 
Royal Society of MuUcttnsL P r ofesso r 
D RmseH-Davts (Council for Science 
and Society l. Dr Josephine Lomax- 
SUnpoon (Messenger House Trust). Dr 
j Jancer (Menial Health Ad Conunts- 
sfcxDL Mr Frederick Opp* ( Oxford 
House. Bethnal Green), me Dean of 
Carlisle and Mr* Ch ur c hl iL Processor 
K Rawminr. Professor R and Dr K 
Bhmiasn. Professor M A Royer. 
Professor W R Keaonge. Professor T 
Prankcrd. Professor J P Watson, Dr P 
H Conned. Mrs M Stewart Ayres. 

G J Romanes ano Mi* R Bethea. 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Viscount Beamed will be 
held on Wednesday. November 
5. ai the Liberal Jewish Syna- 
gogue, 28 St John's Wood Road, 
London, NWS. at 5pm. Parking 
is available at Lord's Cricket 

ferthe Blind 

BoxNo.TMl, 224 Groat Portland Street, London WIN 6AA. 


Board of Deputies of British 

The Lord Mayor, accompanied 
by the Lady Mayoress and Mr 
Alderman and Sheriff and Mrs 
Michael Graham, was the guest 
of honour at the annual civic 
luncheon of the Board of Dep- 
uties of British Jews held at 
Woburn House yesterday. Dr 
Lionel Kopelowitz. president, 
Mrs Kopelowitz. honorary offi- 
cers and the secretary general 
were the hosts. Others present 

The Ambassador of brad, the Li- 
Dcrtan Ambassador. Sir Bernard 
waley -Cohen. Sir Alan Creengroaa. 
Dr Rhodes Boyson. MP. Mr Reg 
FYfoon. MP. Professor J P QuUHaxn. 
Mrs Deputy Edwtna Coven. Mr 
Anthony E«k*ra and the Matter Of 
me Paoemnakers* Company. 


The Dnke of Aberconi to be 
President of the Building Soci- 
eties Association, in succession 
to the Duke of Norfolk. 

Mr G. Murray, Assistant Sec- 
retary. to succeed Mr WAP. 
Weatherston as the Director of 
[Scottish Courts Administration 
on promotion to Under Sec- 
retary on November 10. 


Major MJt-M. Eliot 
and the Hon A.T. Russell 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark Eliot, 1st The 
Queen's Dragoon Guards, son 
of Major M.G. Eliot and the late 
Mrs MA Eliot, stepson of Mrs 
X-M. Biot, and Annabel, 
daughter of the late the Hon 
L.G.H. Russell. MC. and the 
Hon Mrs L.G.H. Russell. 

Mr K-A. Bentley 
and Miss NJ. Rfrttre 
The engagement is announced 
between Revert, younger son of 
Major and Mrs R.E. Bentley, of 
Palace Gate, London, W8. and 
Nicola, daughter of the late Mr 
P.G Rivfere and of Mrs P.S. 
Weszmacon. of Strat/ield Saye. 

Mr N-J-D. Harris 
and Miss D.G. Masters 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, son of Mr 
Gordon Harris and the late Mis 
Sally Harris, and stepson of Mrs 
Marilyn Harris, of Uygad-yr- 
HauL Dryslwyn, Dfred. and 
Deborah, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Derek Masters, of 
Guildford. Surrey. 

Dr S.N. MMjtfey 
and Mbs BJS. Clapbam 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen, son of Mr and 
Mrs Frank Midgley. of Sidcup. 
Kent, and Beth, daughter of the 
Rev John Gapham and the late 
Mrs Sarah Cfepham and step- 
daughter of Mrs Margaret 
Gapham, of Mayfield Manse, 
Hackney, London. 

Mr MX. Owen 
and Miss S-M. Dowden 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael Lewis, son of 
Mr Philip Owen, QC. of Plas 
Uwyn Owen, Llanbrymair, and 
Mrs Jane Kelsey, of 
Ffynnooddewi. Cenarth. and 
Susan Margaret, younger daugh- 
ter of Lieutenant-Colonel and 
Mrs Ronnie Dowden. of 
Batticford Hall. Axminster. 

Dr TXMcN, Symons 
and Miss S3. Master 
The engagement is announced 
between James, youngest son of 
the late Mr H. McNeil Symons 
and of Mrs Murid Symons, of 
Tunbridge Wdls, Kent, and 
Syudi Beth, elder daughter of 
Mr and Mrs Bernard Master, of 
Monte Sereno. California. 

Mr J.C. Withers 
and Miss JA Dermis 
The engagement is announced 
between Jonathan Charles, only 
son of Mr M.HL Withers, of 
Chobham, Surrey, and Mrs J.G. 
Sherman, of Ascot, Berkshire, 
and Jacqueline Anne, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs J A.N. Dennis, of 
Chelsea, London. 

Warburton Lecture 

The Warburton Lecture will be 
delivered in the Chapel at 
Lincoln's Inn at 11.30 am on 
Sunday, November 2, by the 
Rev Professor W.O. Chadwick, 
OM. His subject wil be “Re- 
ligion and law". 

Sedbergb School 

Old Sedbejghian day in 1987 
will be on Saturday. May 2. 
Owing to office modernization 
the despatch of the newsletter, 
the Sedberghian, and list of 
membera will be delayed. 

Science report 

Tea as an antidote to 
the English breakfast 

By Beatrice Lacoste 

A variety of tea from the 
province of Yiman in China 
could reduce the risk of heart 

disease, according to the results 
of research by some of Europe's 
leading scientists in studies of 

Their investigations show that 
levels of hazardous cholesterol 
and other lipids in the blood are 
redaced by drinking tuocha tea, 
which is a black, smokey vari- 

French doctors who did the 
research hope it can be teed to 
prevent heart disease. They have 
completed a safes of tests 
measuring the changes in 
cholesterol, which is the main 
component of hard deposits in 
the lining of the arteries, and the 
beta-lipoproteins, fat-like sub- 
stances which tend to dog the 

The Chinese have long be- 
lieved in the medidixal prop- 
erties of tuocha tea and Yiman 
exports its whole production to 
the rest of tire country. 

Professor Bernard Jacotot, of 
the Henri Londor Hospital in 
Paris, gave 20 patients, who bad 
unusually high levels of lipids in 
the blood stream, three bowls of 
tea each day for a mouth. He 
found that tbe level of lipids in 
the patients* Mood decreased by 
nearly a quarter. However, the 
same amount of another tea 
during the following month gave 
no results. 

Professor Claude Lotion, of 
the Orsay Laboratory of Nu- 

trition and Physiology in Paris, 
experimented on rats. Out 
group was given a diet rich in 
cholesterol during three months 
white the other was given a 
normal diet. Animals in the first 
group showed a very high In- 
crease in their cholesterol levels 
(1.6 grams per litre), whereas in 
the second group the cholesterol 
levels remained normal, 0.8 
grams per litre. 

When Professor Lotion added 
tuocha tea to the diet of both 
groups of rats daring the follow- 
ing nine weeks the cholesterol 
levels of tbe rats in the first 
group decreased by a third. In 
the other group with normal 
levels it decreased by only a 

Professor Lotion knows that 
the decrease of beta-lipoproteins 
was particularly marked. He 
says more studies are needed to 
identify the substances in tuocha 
tea, and perhaps other teas as 
well, that regulate the complex 
metabolism of cboksteroL 

The French doctor thinks it is 
likely that conpooests m tbe tea 
act on the l i n ing of the intestine, 
limiting the amount of choles- 
terol that can be absorbed. 
Tuocha tea is now bring tested 
on rats that have genetically 
inherited high cholesterol levels. 

If the antidote to ch olesterol 
in eggs and fat on bacon » 
contained in (ho teapot, the 
traditional British breakfast 
may survive. 



Warrior for two faiths 

Mr Hamrih Fiaw*- 
died on October l' at tfcf ase 
of 73. *as a veteran of «ne 
International Brigade in ttw 

Spanish Civ it W ar and. utinnj 
the Second World a 

Communist organ i.’cr cm the 

Clvdc. Later he became Uimf 

lusioncd with Communivm 
and turned snioa campaigning 
Roman Catholic, editing the 

periodical .■tfymviefa'x 

He was horn on August lo. 
1913, and educated m Edin- 
burgh. where he tell the uni- 
versitv to become a 
Communist, having rejected 
all thought of a professional 

career. , , 

in 1936 he joined the Inter- 
national Brigade in Spain, and 
his carnet nvktur shows that 
he took part in all the hanles 
in which the Brigade was 
eng^jxd. He w3S ill SO the Only 
Bntish volunteer lo sen* on 
the Brigade’s staff as an officer 
of SIM. the Spanish mthiarv 
wing of what is now the KGB. 

He returned to Britain "a 
fully fledged Bolshevik’*, and 
sei about apply ing at home the 
lessons he had learnt in Spain. 
During the Second World War 
he was a party group leader in 
John Brown's engine and boil- 
er works at Clydebank, where 
he was also a shop steward in 
the foundry department. 

He organized Communist 
cells throughout jndustnal 
Clydeside, and his pamphlet 
justifying the Nazi-Soviet pact 
- The Intelligent SdCtalisl's 
Guide to WorhJ War //-which 
sold out in less than a week, 
earned him praise from Harry 
Pollitt and appointment as the 

Scottish pii'IUgaiHb 

A tier the war. he taero to 
led snhapp* aNnit '‘Mbit's 
(vvsiki.-. <*fwe PTitnumtiji for a 
uf»v -t Mafvrti IVt.’dui* la 
become a UddUT. he *cm lo 
JonLuihifi (ranting CoUrfc in 
Glasgow, when* he entered fur 
a rrhwDu* pure, thinking it 
would he rather fun lo he the 
lifNl jihr.M to win it 
He dul win n - but religion 

won hurt Alter tanpiMtlwt- 
ed. euT-tualiy. b% a Jcstul, he 
joined the Konkin * atftohc 
Chuteh in I HisCathofi- 
cisnt of a traditional. 
Tndrnmc >orL and ihe 

hi*, life was th- voted to 
pun* h«s new v'tvvd and 
fighting his former one. In 

!^:m $,ir 1 1^54) he dwinbcs 


Meanwhile he was teaching 

in pnmary schools in Ayr- 
shite. When lie trtinrd as a 
teacher - in 1**65 - he suited 
the periodical .typt'hXht K, 
which he was suit editing it 
die time of his death. 2l 
appealed at irregular inter- 
vals. but had a worldwide 
cuvufaiionot'ovtT vHOft • 

Dunns: cite HMrv he wai 
concerned about !eti*w mg sec- 
ular inlluemts on the second 
Vatican Council, and recently 
he was opposed to 
“liberatum thci»lof.y“ 

In the early I^lte he served 
as a Moderate counciIUv in his 
home town of Sahcoats, 

He is survived by his wife, 
Kathleen, four daughierx and 
three wins. 


Mr Eddie Wanng. MBE. the 
sports commentator whose 
enthusiastic reports on Rugby 
League football, and on the 
television frolic It’s a A'/Jc VA- 
DUZ. brought him great popu- 
larity. died vesterdav. He was 

76. ' 

He was bom at Dewsbury, a 
short penalty kick from the 
local rugby league dub. After a 
year at secretarial college he 
joined the local newspaper as 
a sports reporter, where he 
worked for many years. Dur- 
ing the Second World War, 
while still in his twenties, he 
became manager of the Dews- 
bury dub, at that time occupy- 
ing a lowly position in the 
local league. 

By astutely signing up Rug- 
by League international plov- 
ers who happened to be 
biUettcd in Yorkshire, he 
transformed the fortunes of 
the side, which won almost 
every honour within a couple 
of seasons. 

During the 1940s he was 
manager of Leeds fora couple 
of years but left to travel to 
Australia with a touring Brit- 

ish side. It wav during a 
stopover in the United Main 
on the way home that he was 
struck bv u-k* vised American 
football. "I utd to myself, 
that's how l want to see Rugby 
League at home", he Mer 

His first notable report wt 
cm Great Britain versus Nc# 
Zealand at Suirtlufl til J95I. 
He was soon signed up by the 
BBT and for the nrxt A0 yew 
ius idiosyncratic commentar- 
ies made thousands aware of 
the northern rugby game. But 
he was never entirely taken to 
the hearts of northerners, who 
were annoyed with him for 
giving the game a rioihop 

It was ilunng a dull match, a 
lew years after he began his 
commentating career, that he 
decided to interject a frw of 
the asides which soon became 
his trademarL These helped 
to give the game its appeal, 
particularly to southern audi- 
ences' - though there was an 
Eddie Warms appreciation 
society at Liverpool Umversi- 



Mr H. Freeman Matthews, 
who died on October 19 at the 
age of 87, was one of 
America’s most respected ca- 
reer diplomats, who was con- 
fined by the spoils system to 
medium-rank ambassadorial 

Bom at Baltimore, he grad- 
uated at Princeton before 
studying in Paris at the Ecole 
Libre des Sciences Politiques. 

In 1924 he entered the 
American foreign service and, 
after various junior postings, 
mainly in Latin America, 
worked in the Paris ambassv 
from 1937 to 1939. He then 
helped to open the first US 
embassy to the Franco govern- 
ment in Madrid. 

In 1940 he was back in 
France and accompanied the 
French government when it 
fled from Paris to Bordeaux. 
For a time he was charge 
d'affaires at Vichy. 

But in 1942 he came to 
London to serve as a political 
adviser on the staff of General 
Eisenhower before the Allied 
landings in French North 
Africa. In 1943 he was trans- 
ferred to Washington where. 

for the next Four year*, he was 
director of the European office 
in the State Department. As 
such he attended a number of 
major iniernatioiul confer- 
ences during and after the war. 
including Yalta and Potsdam. 

But Matthews never again 
had such interesting work to 
do. From 1947 until his 
retirement in 1962 he was 
successively ambassador to 
Sweden, the Netherlands and 
Austria, apart from three years 
(1950-3) as a deputy under- 
secretary at the State 

In 1956, when the personal 
rank of caiccr ambassador was 
established, he was one of the 
first four diplomats to receive 
it. But it was hardly a substi- 
tute for the top posts which he 
was qualified to hold but 
which went, instead, to politi- 
cal appointees. 

After his retirement he was. 
until 1968. a member of the 
CIA's board of national 

He was three times married, 
and his third wife. Elizabeth, 
survives him, with two chil- 
dren from his first marriage. 


Dr Paul Toumier. Christian 
psychiatrist, and exponent of 
the theory of the healing of the 
whole person - body, mind 
and spirit - died in Geneva on 
October 6. He was S8. 

Paul Toumier was bom on 
May 12, 1898. the son of a 
Calvinist pastor and poet, and 
spent most of his childhood 
with relatives following the 
death of his parents. 

After qualifying in medicine 
he worked for a time with the 
Red Cross repatriating Rus- 
sian and Austrian prisoners of 
war. He was then for many 
years a general practitioner in 

As a young man he met Dr 
Frank Buchman and joined 
the Oxford Group. But later 
he and Buchman parted, 
though without any ill-will on 
Toumicr’s pan. 

Indeed, he dedicated to 
Buchman the book which 
sums up his doctrines. La 
Medicine de la Personnc (The 
Healing of Persons), published 
in 1940. In it he argues that the 
task of a doctor is “to discern 
God’s plan for life”, so making 
priest and physician almost 

The theory met with criti- 
cism and ridicule from both 
theologians and doctors, it 
has, nevertheless, become in- 
creasingly popular, especiallv 
in the United States and 
Japan. Much of what is scien- 
tific in it has taken a more 
sophisticated form in the 

modem development of psy- 
chosomatic medicine. 

Toumier devoted the rest of 
his life lo expounding and 
elaborating his belief that sick 
modem man is in search of his 
soul. His many books, which 
have been widely translated, 
include The Bible and Suffer- 
ing. The Strong and the ti'tak 
and tpprendre d hettUr 
(Learning to Grow Old), 
which incorporates his ideas 
on the need ui prepare for 

He is survived by hissreood 
wife. Confine, whom he mar- 


M Andre Raui, Swiss 
nalist. author and broadd 
died on October 35, at th 
of 51. He devoted his Iasi 
warning people a 
AIDS, of which he vw 

In 19S1 he left Swiss to 
sion after ten years as hosi 
science programme, and « 
several articles on tbe dis 
before himself comracuti] 

He founded the self- 
group “AIDS 1 
Switzerland", and in Jul 
last year appeared on tei 
sion to speak frankly of 
plight, which- included 
creasing blindness. 


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births, marriages, 

and in memoriam 


V'H “ V- 1 
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- Si.'lf. 

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2 Peter 3, 8 


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C tfi5y :. 9° ■ 22nd October at Cam- 

. nSSPPJSPE* {n " Hun * ®* 

a sot. Henry WHflam Law- 
rpnCG - a brother for Chari es. 

°° 0cloiJ «■ 37m at 
ITfPorttaM. to Ctmstfan u» 
Adrtan. a daaahler 
Oo^Mfnica Susan ZJam. 

at Queen 

^“VsHosrtial, Rodampton. 10 

GORDON . On 26tB October 1986. 
pactADy. at the Tamer Horae. 
Brighton. Maior Donald Fdlows Gor. 
bon, 2od/7B> ftsJpoi BepbaenL 

eldest son ortbe late Sir Dougin and 
Lady Cordon, raucb loved troUxx-. 
cousin, uncle, grot wide and Mend 
wno will be sadly missed- Funeral 
sendee at me Downs Cranatortum. 
Brlehtoo OO FrWay 31st Ocsober X 
12J0 wn. No letten. no nowars. Do* 
naUosts if desbed to me Tomer 
Home. Enquiries to S£ Skinner. 145 
Uwes Rd. Britfdan Tel 0Z73 



f 6>iW **"*' 

‘4ot 57 

.tei-fUm*' *r- 
t 54|%Vij»U? 

luu A *■***' 

<,*># 6- 

lit m &*' 

NASH - On Wednesday October ism 
1 986 at Queen MarW Roebanston. 
to Jane (n£e Pemberton) anA WD- 
Uam. a daughter. Harriet Roma 

SHUICRr - On October SUL at SL 
Mam Paddington, to Joan and CDUn 
a son. Jonathan Oliver. 

VON HUNTER - On October 22nd. to 
AireOe (nee Warwick) and Frimcols. 
asoo. Felix Ferdinand, a brother for 
MaxndUan Ludwig. 

WOMERSLEV - On October 23rd at 
Oxford, to Carolyn (nfe Codlee) and 
David, a no. James Rupert Lister. 


JENKMS^URVEY - Mr R Jcnldns and 
Mas Jacqueline Harvey. The mar- 
riage took Mace on Saturday 26Ui of 
October at St Maiyh Church. 
Mkhebnersh. Nr Rorasey. Hamp- 
shire. Of Mr Richard Jenkins son of 
Squadron leader A Mrs R Jenkins of 
Gtasf onto try. Somerset A JaoaueUne 
Harvey eldest daughter of Mr A Mra 
Jack Harvey of Mkhebnanh Manor 
. Farm. Mtctwlroarsh. -Hampshire. 

The Revennd Bruce Kington 
■ offlcated. The bride who was given 
in marriage by her Mher was attend- 
ed by Elizabeth Harvey A Francesca 
Harvey & Mr Alan MttcheU was best 
man. A raeption was held at Jtddtee 
Hall. Michrlroersh and the honey- 
moon b being spent in New York. 


AHAR- On October 21st 1986. peace- 
fully. Dorothy Margaret dearly 
loved wife of Kenneth W Ilham and 
mother oT John. Susan and Charies. 
in Buenos Alms. Argentina. 

ALLAN - On 24m October, at bb 
home. Btamogle Nr. SUrtng. aged BO 
yean. Journalist John R Allan. Me- 
morial Service Thrves Parish 
Church at 3 tun. on October 29m. 
No Rowers please. 

BARRETT - On October 25ih 1986. 
Maty Georgiana Annie. Aged B2 
years of Bury SL Edmunds. Widow 
of the late Rev. CX>. Barren. Much 
lowed mother of Elizabeth and vnnd- , 
mother of Ann and Christopher. 
Funeral Service at St Mary's, 
Church. Bury SL Edmunds on Mon- 1 
day. November 3rd at 330 pm. I 
followed by cremation. Family Row- 
ers only but donations if desired for 
The R.NLL or SI Marys Church. 
Bury SL Edmunds, may tie sod c/o 
L. Fulcher Ltd. 80 Whiling SL. Buy 
SI. Ed m u nd s. 

CARPER TER - On October 26m at 
King Edward Vii Hospital. 
Midhurst. Robert Marshall Carpenter 
D.F.C. Most loved husband of Bette 
and beloved brother of Joan Dixon. 
Funeral Service at CMcbester Cue- ; 
matortum. on Tuesday November 
4ifi at 12.30 pm. Randy Rowers . 
only. Donations if desired lo Imperial 
Cancer Research Fund. PO Box 123. ; 
Lincolns Inn Fields. London WC2A 

CHADWICK -On Saturday 26th Octo- 
ber at 16 Grange Court. PtnehunL 
Cambridge. AUeen Maud, aged 86. 
Beloved wife of Che tale Sir James, 
much loved mother of Joanoa and 
Judith. Funeral Service at Cam- 
bridge crematorium on Monday 3rd 
November at 2J30 p.m. Flowers to 
Harry Williams A Sons. 7 Victoria 
Park, Cambridge. 

CLARKE - On October 27th at 
Merrmeld. Alys Emily, beloved wife 
« mTSe COL E.GJI. Cfartejror 
mother of Janet and mn In law B- 
lloit gr a ndmother of Tessa. Joanna 
and Amelia, fiwnil 
v ember 3rd. Service « DbWrt 
Parish Church at 2.16 pm. EngulrUs 
Bk Waller Parson, piymomn 

do FAYE - On 2«h October 86. WB- 
liam Eugene. Much loved husband of 
Dvtcie. fattwr of John. Roselle and 

EiaamiH - On 12 m October 1 TO 6 .JO- 

sspWne Marie Egerton. of. S ot 
F rancisco. Wife of Rowland Peter Le 
Bdward Egerton. 

EVANS ■ On October 26. Constance D- 
raiwr aged 90 years, widow of Otfl 
H Evans totmerty of Sedbergh 
School and Headmaster of 
McrctUSlon Casilc School. Funeral 
Service win take place at Sedbergh 
Parish Church on Friday 31 October 
at 1230 pm. Fatuity flowers only. 
Memorial donaUora to Sedbertfi 
Pariah Church, c/o J Burrow. Main 
Street. Sedbergh. 

FAUOOat • On Saturday 26th Octo- 
ber, suddenly. Richard Eric. Vicar of 
Saint Jude's. EngteOeid Oraen. Sur- 
rey. Much loved husband and rather. 
Funeral aA 2pra on Friday Slat Octo- 
ber at EnNdWd Oraen.' 

HARDREAVES • On October 27m 
peacefully. meRLHan. Ma rgaret be- 
loved wife of Kenneth Hargreaves 
and mother of Rosemary and Jane. 
Famay Amend 12 noon, go Friday 
October 51st. at Bramham Part Cha- 
pel. femny Oowers only phase, 
d wi aaoastf wished, to SL Johns Are- 
bulance or mo Army Denevuieot 
AasocfatlOT. Memorial Service later. 

Suntmry Lodge. fl«bw_ StraL 
WootwtOL Laanen 8E18 dW Thera on 
7th Match 1986 

(Estate about Otuxxn 
AimnUnefY HcwtiaL aurtbam Dow. 
Canurbury. Kant AM Thara on iOtb 

October 1983 

(Estat e anom t aooo) : 
late of SO Cooenbe Place. S newel d. 
Yorkshire died them on 2nd Jammy 






Cbnsun Britain's 


fituunm niftfl tiring. 



jSSf*- a *** ** FeUcmr 

nuts -On October 26th 1966. peace- 
fully al home. Madge Vera, aged 91 
yean. Widow of John Hash wintam 
Idris MXL Service amt totennBd Is- 
lington Cemetery. High Road East. 
Finchley M2 on Friday October 31st 
at 1 pin. Flowers and enootrlea to 
-Stammem Funeral Se r vi ce, li 
Queen’s Street Soothmlnster Essex. 
OUO 7BB. Tet Malden Essex 

**““!»• On 23 October, lo Pamela 
^Oapwriltand John, a son. Alex- 
ander . brother for James. 

' 011 2501 October at sue 

Edinburgh, to PMBI 
wm, y w PMQOTd ^ie. a 

fUEL-BROCKDORFF - On 27m Octo- 
ber peaoefUBy tn London. B aron es s i 
Margarets, aged 36. deariy loved 
wife of Niels and mother of Caroline 
and Louise- Private fUneraL No Row- 
ers pieose. but donatlous will be 
gratefully welcomed: cancer Re- 
search Campaign. 2 Carton Hone 
Terrace: London SW1Y EAR. 

Maturity (rom your nfwuVari or 

Tet 01-261 6894 

for • five soerimen cony 


Rraidnd for USA. Must have 
envOwu r e ftra in. e s . 

Aged between 30-00. 

Unes Agency. 

32m. K wSm lg n Church Street 

London W8 

THOI 937 4160 


by teUng your 
JonVnyOiM-CDim etc 


era UX» + (26 - 36 A Level Preri Pw 
UgioM hMtor City Oh. rmnme exo 
prrww lo deal with varied com m n 
rnmrafi catering. peraemeL manage- 
nw»L me nn eelng of present aervlMS 
and srtUno OD or new ones. imtoUve vt- 
laihiue somr sain .taor c-xn uurfuL Fite 

eel Hi can Nicky <M 0002 p ■' 


RmrofBa Hatton Garden. 
London EC IN BSQ 

01-242 3151 

rrs ALL AT 

Woridwide tow-cojt (hgbts 
The best -«»d w* can prove tt 
190000 (Has since 1970 
Around the Worid from £781 









42-48 Earls Court Road 
* London W8 6EJ 
Long-Haul 01-937 9631 
and 01-603 ISIS 
Europe/USA 01-937 5400 
1 st/Business 01-938 3444 


Part* £69 N YORK 

FranMurt £60 la/SF 

Lago* £330 Mtond 

Nairobi C3SS Slngapen- 

Jo'burg £460 Bangkok 

Cairo £206 KtemhPdtt 

Drt/Bom £338 Rangoon 

Kcng Kng £8l0 Cucidla 

Huge- Dbcounti Avail oa 1st a CtobC 


21 Swallow SL London Wi 
01-439 2100/437 0637 



Soun ana am ueaoca oa 
reduced Mg M Hate cons. 




IJM CO^ EawrarwoBLOKfis 
, *0TA 77102 UTA 

MMto Ol II* IMHMM ol Two) 6 Tauno 

OBvcndo w d irenreM/SoMM 



ACT 1085 

creditors of the abs%e-umed Company, 
wtneb s homo lotonunb wound up. are 
rrgterea nn or Before me zam day of 
November 1986. to lend m their ftd 
cnnaiun ana surname*, mow addresses 
and dcae rtp bo ra- (UN mrtmilars or mrtr 
debts or etamH. and dm- names and 
Mdremet of uietr SoHotm u> any l to me 
ondoMMd Peter J. Stewart gf FKM 
Faber a Martlneau. Lincoln House. 296- 
S02 High Hotbonv London wciv 7u. 
me LMUdator of me said Cnmnany . and. 
if so rroinrril tty noore m writing from me 
**M Liquidator, are. personalty or by (heir 
Solicito r *, tocome In and prove their denim 
or ctam al such urar and alace as shan be 
soerihed In well nonce, or in defaua 
thereof they win ne evauded from the 
benefit of any dtstrtbubon made before 
such debts are proved. 

Dated Ms 31sl day or October 1986 

<E5*B»e RDM £3«j000) 

Sumy dMd There on 26th Januarai BBS 
Crate about £7JXX» 

MORE Me Cf IS Baatoeck Road.. 

- &J 26m October 1986. at 
dw Portland HospUaL (o ArabeOn 
and^ Hairy, a daughto". GnrglaiBi 

2401 October, to lira and 
^wnond. ason. Alexander, a broUy- 
er ror Katherine M(i Lucy. 

.^JJWSTON. On 25Ui October, at The 
Royal Shrewsbury Hospital, to Ra- 
chdCnfe Buckley) and Travor. a 
daughter. Rebecca Katharine Loteaa. 
a sister for Nicholas 

MODE - On 24ih October, raddeidy. 
James Alexander Mkhto MJL. 
D.LUl of 92 HuB Road. Cotdngbam. I 
Dearly loved husband of EUxabem. | 

Much loved by Ml children. Aline. ! 

Hamfah. Margaret and Ataaalr. tv 
Magnus. Hdm and Roger and. by Ms 
grandchildren. Magnus Jama and 
EHz a b e m Romnny. Sendee at the 
HaBgate MemodW Church. 
beral 1.15 pjn- Family Sowers only 

Highbury. Londtn NS M Al 
London NI9 on «m jtdy 19B6 

JEWELLERY TO set .1.9 

Long fotabHRied flunily tswetleni wtsti 
to purchase second hand Jewellery 
and antwue es ma ge clocks to Md to 
our varied and Interesting coftacnon. 
wme or can In confidence kr.- 
Annour-Wi nst on Ltd, 

«3. BurHngun Arcade. 
London Wi 
TO: Ol 49J 8937. 


! HOGStE. UN High 

- refugees, wtn hr ad- 

LACCT . On Monday. 29m nerewmiM- 
al Blackpool, to Ann and Kevin, a 
sot. Kevin, a brother for Ames. 

*■****»« - On 20th October, to 
and Christopher. A son 
Rllccr. liroibflr lo JanmiaD. 

MELROSE - On 8th October, to Barba- 
ra tnee South worth) and James, a 
son. Peter Gordon. 

P ARSON - on Octobo: 22nd 1966. 
very suddenly, at Ctane Co . jge. 
Charles WBttam FeDow and Tutor 
of the CoUege. Funeral Service in the 
College Chanel at 4pm on Wednes- 
day 29m October followed by 
CremaUoa at the Cambridge Crema- 
torium. Enquiries to H. wuuanur 
(Funeral Directory^. 9 Victoria Park. 
Cambridge (569480). 

UMtt UVEB For Loraty DM People , 
can be provUed by your win. Pton 1 
mrtudr a beouest tor The Nanoool Be- 
moksi Fund tor Ute Aged. New Brawl j 
Sbreei Home. 36 Now Breed Street. Lon- 
don ECSM INK. 

(1690’s-! 890’s) 


Be. uu liter Preserved 

0492 - 31303 



OO YOtJ need a resident PA /Secretary 
Mr l or 8 weeks to tub won a mrrtnr 
project or sen mil your paper work? 
Driver. Prnfwidnnst resourceful and 


WWSAVCJTi C« £*** 
** 1ST CLASS** 


' SYDNEY * * 

PERTH + * 




RJI * * 



DUSN * * 

HO EAST * * 



L AN&aJES * * 




QUALITY not quantity ’ 

REAL Service 
FREE Wine 

TRULY indepcndani Co. 


0484 S48996 

TO: ALEXANDER HtU- Utr of I Oakdale 
Avenue. Edgware. MMotnex. TAKE 
NOTICE Ihte by an Order dated Slat of 
October 1980 me Particulars m cunn in 
Din acnob nave been amended to dtem 
me sum of £4.64039 being money Had 
and received by the Defendant to me UM 
of me Pfauwff AND further to me 
adverusemeni contained hi The Tones 
doled ZAih Sepfentocr 1086 tt has been 
ordered mat lervicr of tt* amenOM 
Particular of CLum mall be effected by 
Um adiernaemenL me nrar for Mug a 
Defence- wltn the Court office latino bring 
abridged to 7 days after the date of oubu- 
caiion of the aAerusemmL 
n you dntre to urtena um action yon may 
apply to me Court office for a cow ol the 
amended particulars ol aura ana you 
must within 7 dun after me oabuntton of 
this adverusment inrtusiie of me dale of 
pubbcatKin file your Defence al the worn 
den County Court ol 9 Acton Lane. 
Hariefom. London NWia in Defaun of 
such Defence judgeme n t win be e n tered 
agamsa you in Default. 

Dated the 29th day of October 1986 



Chalet Party Specials 

£50 off per person 

search. SAC Christmas Card 
Catalogue. Quest For A Ted Far Can- 
cer. Woodbury. Harlow Road. Roydon. 
Essex. CM 19 GHF.ID27979 2Z5S3. 

MUSTO ■ On October 2Sth. lo 
rate Gartlckj wife or Mark, a dauah- 
ler Uuma AUce 

FCAVn- On October 2EUi 1986.306- 
dndy Id LmdBiL Qflmip j y 
Richard Geoffrey John Reaver RN 
(Retired), roach loved btatnnd of Di- 
ana. tether of Richard and grand 
lather of Lotdsa. 

to Grosso - BuMdHtoa depart s Oa 30. 
Room for two more guns - Summerteo- 
flasOH, Please ring Rosattod. OOton <047 
BBS 8101. 

SHOOKER TABLE Exceptional Bunoughe 
it wan. Eureka, full star. i*. inch dae 
bed with an accessories. £2.730. Teh 
0273 77BSB6 



mm Dates: Selected Rrnrta 
School Holiday SpectMs 
CtiHdren from £89 

AnUgwi sldehoanl bow fronted ESSO ono 
No dealer! Tel 0932 698024 Hi BOONS 



ROLFS JOHNSON . On October 2Ut M 
(he Royal Free Hospital, lo Lis and 
Tony, a daughter. Angharad. a abler 
for Elinor and Daniel. 

FKE - On October 24m 1986. after an 
fflness borne wfm ireai courage. An- 
thony Joseph Cyprian Ptee. KJLS-. 
husband of Atm. tether of Matthew. 
Catherine and Aloadatr. R equ fem 
Mass at Arundel CafhedraL on Fri- 
day' October 31sL at 2pm. Family 
flowers only. Donations if desirad to 
Mount Alvenda.' GufldfUrtL 

UM AD2M8 - Happy Bblhday from 
your best friend Maur. 
urrr bbtrat tva tor iranday 
27tli. Zorn TO. wuracht aus der 
permannhen AltMarMHrapoie lm 

UR MATTHEW Hill Flower runilnn 
for private sale. £9aa Details front BOX . 

NterabL Jo-Bnrg. Cafra. DdbdL 
UtaMHiL Slngdnoie. KLL. DrihL 
Bangkok. Hong Kong. Sydney. 
Europe, fr The Americas. 









Lcn Angela; 











01 - 584-5060 

01-370 6332 

JUanrntMHCS; - Saner value se« retsrtng 
alu ttoUuays In the bnl French resorts. 
Ring tor new brochure now. 

Tel 01-789 9692. 

ABTA 60206 Atal 1383. 

ROYAL DOULTON TOW Jugs. Figurine*, 
■ntmals. etc., vnuued. Ol 883 0094. 

76 Shaftesbury Avenue 
London WIV 7DO. 

rtn DrohBcnca Pros. 

MDDOCH - On Sunday October 26th. 
peacefully. EOeen Mary (nte Muni}, 
aged 87. widow of lam. beloved S& 
tenn-tew of Dobbto and dearly loved 
asmt of Judy. Oara and Barton. 
Cremation aiSurrw and Sussex Oe- 
matoritmi on Friday October 31st at 
3.15 pm. No tetters plea s e, fk i gul rle s 
toStoneman. Redha (0737) 63456. 


tSHRIS SANODtta WAR Rothemeln. N 
Heppte. Ken HowanL C WetgbL B 
Hama. 0277 222269. 

01-439 0102/01-439 7751 
Open Saturday 10.00-1100 

MML London School of Bridge and 
Club. SB Kings Road. SWS. 01-689 



FWDBHISf. Love or Marriage. AD ages. 

areas. DateHne. Dept fQM) 23 AMBDdon 
, Road. London We. Tel: 01-938 toil. 

CLAP. JUNC. S msna vaa. iror M/F. Sh 
nor 4 bd law. O/R. afl earn. £220 pan + 
1 mth dep. TeL Ol 223 9089 telar 630 

TRADE DEBT* recovered by SaUcUon. 
Natnnwtde. Teh Ol 272 8301. 

■«*«" » - On October 27th 1986. 
peacefully id big borne in Aldebnrgh. 
Suffolk. Alan, beloved husband of 
Jean and dearty laved father and 
grandfather. Funeral private at hta 
wish, donations tfderited. toLeMm 
SaxmundhaBL Akteburgh District 
Nursing Amtntiy Fund. C/o Tony 
Brown. The Funeral Parionr. 
SoxniimdhacrL Suffolk. 

MNXEY - on 2Sm October 1986. 
peacefully, having fougtii long mnem 
coarageobaty. Richard Massey, hus- 
band of Jeff, father at Guy and 
Pinkie. Funeral Service. Spddhml 
Church. 11 .am. 3rd November. Club 
Ties. No flowers please, donations to 
me National Heart and Chest 

t cv*s Ltd p ro fes tH mat euntcu- 
hiio vUae documents. Detafb: 01-631 

WHITE tt SELL Children's storm. Mad 
lamon. Sate issnnmce. Free booklet: 
Children's Features IST7 6/9 Bcsdcy So. 
Salford. MS SOB. 

MDDf BOTOD U CnOHB. Send 9AE 14 
Bsaurtnmp PI. SWS. 01-367 6066. Es- 
sex area 01-804 4142. High success 
rue. Men 4066 to weal demand. 

CAFtTALCV* In eu ai r Upi quUUy curr t c - 
atom VIEWS. 01-607 7906. 

HV1 Bght.snacr and gr a ndeur. Own 
rooen. sharing magnfncent OaL £112 
. per week Uduatve. Tel: Ol 889 0910. 


























Return Return 



DEL/BOMBAY £350 MUUI £330 



162/168 Hurt SL Wi 
TEL: 01-4378255/6/7/5 
Late • Grasp Boa u ng s Vtote o m s 

DU WEST - NEW1 Sordid off era on 
groups. RING FOR A BEAU Also other 
amazingly tow pnees surttno al £89. 
ask for a copy at our bumper brochure. 
101) 788 9999. AMA 69286 Atoi 13B3. 


ACT 1988 

Ctfdltnn of the above-named Company, 
which Is bring vohinunfy wound up. are 
ratutrriL on or before the 1st day of 
DcvmMM-r 1986, to send in their run 
Chrouan and surnames. Uietr ad d r e w* 
and dnmptlons. lull parlirulare ol thnr 
debts or claim, ana the noian and 
addresses ol their Sahritors 1U anvl. to the 
undersigned Keilh David Goodman FCA 
of 30 LaiHum- Terrare. London W2 
6LF. the Uquunn of the aMd Gompany. 
and. U so rrautred by noun- m writing 
Irom Uie said LMuMator. are. personally 
or by their Sobrtkm to come In and prove 
Ihrir debts or rtauns al such imr and 
place as man be specified m wen notice. 

or In delauU thereof they will be excluded 

from the benefit of any distribution made 
before such debts are proved 

Dated urn 20tn day of October 1966 

Christmas A New Year with FBmHy or 
Friends In staffed chalets. Guaranteed 
snow. 01 223 0601 

POWDER COURSES avnitaofe for an lev- 
els of ability wflh Swiss Mountain 
Guide. Tel Ol 223 0601 


Tet 01-09 3521/3007 

cheap njoirs worldwide. Hmrniarkst 

01-930 1366. 



Take nonce, mat by ocarr or me High 
Court dated the 8th day of October 1186. 
N J. HamHlon-Smltti of Latham Crosstey 
A Davis. Stanhope House. 1IO Drury 
Lane. London WC2B S6T and Roger 
smtth FCA of Peal Marwick MUchcfl A Go 
of 1 Puddle Deck. London EC4 hav e been 
appointed Joint Liquidators of the above- 
named company with a Co mmi ttee of 

Dated this 2lst day of October 1986 

non soaker, prefer ab ly onCtatrtci Line. 
Ring Ol 486 2911 ext 27. 

ELA PH AM SOUTH NBi Una 6 mfns walk. 
Lux CH house, oh mod cons, son young 
cuy srof. Single £166 pan. Double / 2 
snaren £126 pan. Each «acL avafl. 1st 
NOV. Ol 223 3649. 


Sped* -LATE BtRDS- Winter Offer 

DtS CO UMT FARES Woridwide: 01-434 
0734 Jupiter Travel. 

SWISS ALPS Priv lux eeff catering opari. 
■nrnte. sip 4 or B. superb meanon. SOQm 
ehamm. booking now. 0734 733346 

COHVEY AMCMB by rnBy omBfled SoUd- 
lors. £180 1 - VAT and atandard 
dUbunemrats ring 0344 319398. 

PIRJRUB- S4BBt Eteganl Bat ■ 2 rates Par- 
ions Green. Every Amenity. Suit 
Professional Frtnate. £320 pern Inclu- 
sive. Ol 736 8196 after «L30 


TWPi. - On Z7Hi October, alter a 
year's fflness sftenQy borne. CedDe 
Madeleine. OAE- (Bte Ozanoe). 
widow of Count Arthur Locator 
Stamps, much loved mother and 
mndmotber. Funeral Service at SL 
Mary's CWhubc Church. Moranaidh. 
11 an on Monday 3rd November. 

MMHIEll Runs cottHt In Herts hta 80 
mites north of London. Price nog 6-12 
mouths let Plume 629 2292 day or 

T HWE R WI AI 8 2 dU roonw foC protes- 
stoanl m/T non niuksrj. main luxury 
tap. 28 rates prom dm £200 pan 
ran h a lve BUR. TsMH' 898 SSSMeve). 

at booked wntdn 7 days of depHture). 
puce (odndes reuun Cahvick fllgM every 
Wed l lam. tramffen. akpert lax. 7 ughls 
hto A breakfast in twin ream with private 
bSh/sbower & WC. 14 xdgbtl ol £219. 
Stogie ream al £18 per week. No MMdrti 
Extras. Offer VBM 8 N ove m be r 1986 to 
26 March 1967 truMect to a ralM tBl i y). 

ISLAND SUN 01-222 7452 

ABTA/ATYM- 1907 
ktemtef of 8KHB bbM Nnoys Pic tap. 

pt scomrtED a snoop fares w«m- 

wtdh. Tel U.T.C. <07033 887088. 

HO BOSR tE MEKUT Chrlsbnps Pnccte te In 
Courcnevri outy £239t FHI a cbalrt ft go 
FREEI Ring Ol 244 7333. 

BMLABA. CAMAMES. Ol 441 till. 
Travrtwhw. Abm. AUL 

(■EAT SUliig hoHdays. 6 December A 
Christmas avausMltty. rang John Mor- 
gan now 10730) 60021 (24hrs). 

734 8307. ABTA/AW*. 

Section aaaof the Coragantes ACL 1988. 
thai a MEETING of the creditors of Ute 
above named Company wib be held at the 
offices of LEONARD CURTIS A CO_ situ- 
Wednesday me 5th day of November 
19660! 12.00 o'clock nUdday. for the pur, 
poses provided for In Sec ti o ns 569 and 

Dated the 2ist day of October 1986 

D um ci OH 

JEWELLERY. OokL Silver, phnonds ur- 
gently wanted. Too prices, wusams- <s 
Lambs Cmtnfl St WC*. Ol 406 8838. 

AmsiBu Oeorgtan house 

, MtogkxLantiaue rurnjshmgs good Ira 
non. to share with one other pereonX88 
p/w Tel OS tar 2164 

MorlbeL vuuifs. Meoevn. Comfort, ser- 
vice. greaL siding. Phone Ol 602 9766. 

STOW - On October Mth peacgfoOy 
in SL James’ bospttkl BaBtam. oftre a- 
tong fflness bravely borne. Bryan 
Charles CoKav aged 73 yram. dear 
husband, fettwr and «nndMher. Fu- 
neral service at Qtjyiioti 
Ocmatorium on Friday 31st October 
at lason. Fanffly Dowers only, but 
ttonauww if dealRd. to Cancer Re- 
search. Royal Manden HomOal. 
Sutton. Surrey. 

WANTED. Edwardian. Victorian and all 
panned fumiiure. Mr Ashton Ol 947 
8946. 667-669 Garratl Lane. Earisneld. 

WANTED Edwardian. Virwrian and pO 
painted runntura. Mr ARNon Ol 947 
6946. 667-669 GarraH Lane. EartsfMkL 

CLAPHAM praf v*ri to share luxury OaL 
own room, to Share an fecBiites £170 
pan. Te£0I-350 1090 Cs/pbanel 

AW nCKETS SPactattns New Yotli £229. 
la/Bui Frandsco £329. 
Sydney /Metbourne £769. AB dolly CB- 
nd fUghes. Dartafr- 130 Jennyn 
StrreLOl 899 7144 

SOUTH AFRICA for Christ mas Special 
rate*. Malar Travel. OI 488 9237 1ATA 

MO TOTAL. Chalris. hotels. Ms Pre- 
Xmas Specials. Xraas/N.v vacs, snow 
gnice. Croup dbonts. 0932 231113. 

FLATMATES Selective Sharing. Web 
estab introductory lervtra. Rw tel for 
appfc 01-689 $491. 313 Brompton 

BPABL Portugal. Cheapest fares. mnpHt 
01 736 8191. ABTA ATOL. 

FREMCN CHAD - F seeks accom to C Lon- 
don. Fr Lang lismni given hi cxch tt 
rensouabte rent- Ol 388 7641. 

Austrakasta. USA. Africa. Far East A 
India. Oobccrest Travel 01-737 
0669/2162. ABTA 


STEVPWOmiA— TOH . On Octo- 
ber SB 1966 at Socdhwoid HORdtel 
Suffolk. Ueutcrwnl Cbtond VMan 
Edgar Obtnr. aged 79 years. LBK Of i 
the 4tti Prince of Warn own Ourtha.i 
RMtoa LA. Funeral Service at Holy | 
TrinHy Btythburqb cm Friday No- , 
venber 7 at 230 p.ra~ foDowed by 
cranatkui. All friends wehwne. cut 
flowers only please. 


STOCKTON - On 2601 October 1966. 
John aged 85. fether of Jane and Bill 
and grandfather. Funeral private. 
Memor ial Service an TTmraday SOth 
October. 7JO p jn. at SL MUrTi 
C hurch. Aynbo. FamOy Du weiatndy 
no tetters please. ' , 

Wlcanden beautiful natural cork Wes. 
EMransty hard weertog the bed mon- 
ey can buy £8.98 per sq yd + vat. 
Merakalon vehef pile carpet 14 pbUn 
colours. Bum in undeitay 1ST wide 
from stock . 7 year w*gr guarantee far 
home or ofnee. £4.75 per an yd +vil 
P lus the largest selection of Plato car- 
peting In London. 

182 Upper Richmond Road 
London SWIA 

HERNE ML L Nr. Stotton. Prof M/F- 20s 
t» share comforta b le IJat Lge twin or 
double A tingle room. £126 pens. TO. 
Ol 671 0378 

ROL share K&B wltn owner. For reroon- 
saite M 23+ . N/9. £48 pw Inc. Reft 
required. TO: 01-384 4086 
PUTNEY 2 b/s. share K & B In smart flat 
£46 each, or couple ■ own room a m- 
ung room. £88 pw. 1 other peraon • 
away vroe kends . 01 789 26B3 
BA1HA M F cWPsi to share attractive flaL 
O/R. close to tube. £140 PCM end. 676 
7819 wn 

BATTERSEA m/l. own room In house, 
non smoker. £40 pw end. TO 01 228 
3100 (eves) 

SUBIUf TIERS ON fHgbtsfhols to Eu- 
rope. USA A man dss t ln a rtons . 
Diplomat -nmol: 01-730 2201. ABTA 

WEEKEND or weeks. Honeymoons or 
2nd Honeymoon Discover the Magic 
at Italy's romantic rides to Autumn or 
Winter, Can 01-749 7449 for your 
FREE cotour broch u re. Magic of Italy 
DegtT. 47 Shepherds Bush Green. Lon- 
don. W12 BPS. 

BWWBRLD Top SU Resorts. Lowest 
Prices from £89. abta. Brochure: oi 
602 4826. 

Section S83 of the Companies Act 1988. 
that a Meeting of tne Creditors of me 
above named company win be heM al 30 
Eastbourne Terrace. (Second Floor). 
Loudon W2 6LF. on me 3ist day of 
October 1966 al 12.00 Midday 

Dated this 20th day of October 1986 



TRAVEL CE R ISE- Wortdwtde nights 
s p oct a tWn g m 1st- CluD Clara, ecunomy 
to Auunlla. Soutb Africa. USA. Ltabon. 
Faro. Ooen. ARoaccomodaiion Swiss 
Alps. LUbon Cueta Atoarae Apts * pri- 
vate villas- 01 666 7028 ABTA 73196 

Bnasels. Bruges. Geneva. Bertie. Lau- 
sanne. Zurich. The Hague. Dublin, 
tan. Boulogne * Dieppe- Tune On. 
2a. Chester Ck»e. London. SWiX 7BQ. 
01-236 8070. 

LL HOUSE HOTEL. 200 sfogte 
, £70 aw pb. 172 New Kent Rd. 
I*. SEI 4YT. Ol 703 4178. 

By Order of the High Court of Justice 
dated (he 23th day of July 1986- Mr K .D. 
Goodman FCA of 30 E as t bu initr Terrace. 
London W2 6LF. has been oppeuilad 
l lq uki ator of me above-named Co m pa n y 
without a Commuter of Inspection. 

Dated this 21st day of October i960 


BARBADOS. I own A tautens vtka wMh 

DUan have vacancy tor Nov. For broth 
i details oft Hazel Saucote 021 434 
0912 (Home) 021 233 1200 WCBCC) 


The Ones! houses tor reulaL 73 
James SL SW1. Ol 491 0BQ2- 



Free EstonalevGxperl FUUng 

THOMFSON • On October SdllL psace- 
fuOy. to the RwfcUffie Unfirroary. Fte. 
roach loved by FBww. Bridget and 
James. M e mo r ial Service at SL 
Helen's Church. Abingdon, an 
Thursday October 30th al 
No flowers but doonOom. if desired, 
to Cancer n awrdi or ENT Deparl- 
menL c/o PJL Barrett. 81 Ocfc 
Street. Abingdon. Dana 0X14 5AO. 



A sues bn bon as on dl psno psftbm Pio- 
cadn oar IMS « Sms Lamm teaman abm 
Be mis WI barten w 6 oor son an wn 
eeosn top ntime amnehtwaSr UfonM 
don war tat ml softs. 


Many SL NW1 

house. CH. Slugte room. £46pw. Du 
room £70pw. Praf only. 01 223 7262. 
EALMB W> 2nd person to shore flaL £4B 
pw Inc + returnable deposU. Tet Ol- 
067-9376 eves 

H JUM W 8 TE B P VR.L ABE Ftaak WMh. Loot 
hse. O/R. Sun prof M- £80 pw toe. 
Tel: 436 0742. 

7 D U DA VMt Prof m/f. mare niMMon 
IU. o/r- £280 pm exri- 01-289-9336 
after 7pm. 

MONDAY- PROMT Room available in 
W14 (UtL £39 per week Inclusive. TCI: 

Ol 605 4432 

BOSWELL MLL Lg fum no tn toWtobSA 
Gd itmi/ur the £40 Mon lo Fri Ol 

Anaoy Plats. SE1B 
01 KM 4517 

HZProfF. 2S+. n/s. Igeo/r. In voftrftaL 
w/mach. drier, nr tube. 20 muw cny. 
£40pw nc. TeL- 01 883 9949. 

ran. m/f. o/r. c/h. ebw. share mant ton 
ItaL mon/fri £40 p/w toduslveTELOl 
373 9208. 

WU. M/F. O/R to snare lge flat wwi one 
other, am. CH. washing machine, etc. 
£40 end. Ol 749 2198 after Coro. 

WI Female, own room In luxury pen- 
house IM. £280 pan Bid. Tet 01-637- 

WANTEDtCvnUemim. aged 60 yra. rettw 
from Duxtoess seeks room to private 
home to/ nr L o n do n . 860-3566. 

WANTED Prof F. seeks O/R to shared 
hse/Rat central London for 3 months to 
£66 pw. Tel 01-631 3939 ext 23a 

WIMBLEDON PARK snared house, lame 
room. £40 tori. TeL Ol 946 3160 
i e venings). 

PWMMnilW (Nr fobe/BRX Lge o/r 

MNMRUDBMr O/r. prof St/r to Ohara Me 
frieuav hse. nr tube. £130 pens. 

FUL H AM Pmfi iikiml male share large 
pretty I nf eri or designed matsnnrne 
w/maril- £68 pw okL 01-736 9924. 

WI. Prof f. Urge super room In horary 
flat. £69 pw tori. 4S6 3081. 

WS Ooopie or 2 M/F 23+ for 3 month lei 
lux. house. £190 pern. TO 679 3983. 

TOD - On Friday 24m October 1986. 
Edith, adored wife of George and 
adored mother and waadroottier. at 
the home of Bytvta and tan fat 
Soutoy. Cumbria after a long fflness 
courageously borne; her fortitude an 
example to us all. Please no letters or 
flowers bid donaUaos. direct to Can- 
cer Research, very welcome. 

over 1 year lAPR CWrt. Low Merest 
rates over 3 yearn (APR 9J%) A 3 years 
(APR I2-2°o1 Written auomhons. Flrra 
Catalogue. 30a Htghgate Road. NW6. 
01-267 7671 

2 KAUTiFtn. Bechstetai Oramh. mus- 
Ctans bull uauents. good price tor Quick 
sale. 886 4981 JT) 

WATSON - On 28tb October al Auftley 
House. Park Gardens. Balh. Wffliata 
Macrae MAE, beloved bosband of. 
Jessie and fattier of Sheila. 

nmn - On asth October 1986. 
Patrick EmesL suddenly but peace- 
fully at Ms home to Worcester, win 
be weafly ndsscd. Funeral Service 
wBI be heki at St Peter's Parish 
Church, fakberrow. Friday Site Oc- 
tober at 1.30 pm. Donations to Dr 
Barnaito's. c/o MMtand Bank. 
Aicester. Warwickshire 



HI— ACE - The funeral of AJan Ed- 
ward Burbage, win be hekl al 1 tjm 
Thursday 30th October, at SL 

Erconwakfc Church. Esher Avenue. 
wattonran-Thaxne*. Donations in 
bra of flowers, to Mount Vernon 
HospUaL c/o Dr. Oostain. Mount 
Vernon HospUaL North wood. Mid- 
dlesex. Please mark donations for 
kidney machine. 

and ‘ Sheraton style dining rurniture 
rnade to order. Over 80 dlnmg suttee al- 
ways avaUabie for tounedfate delivery. 
Netucbed. near Henley on Thames 
<0491) 641115. Bournemouth (0202) 
29368a Tonshem. Devon <0392371 
7443. Berkeley. CMS f0453) 810962. 

FINEST q witty wool carpels. Al nrnfo 
prices and under. Btao available lOOrs 
extra. Large room tttt remnants under 
half normal price. Chancery Carpets Ol 
406 0483. 

nwnt FOR ANY EVENT, Cats. Star- 
HgH Exp. CMao. Lea MB. All theatre 
and sports. Ten 621-6616/828-0498. 

A Ex / Vtea / Dtoera. 

SEATTMDdts. Best tickets for on sow- 
out events. Our chons incHxw- most 
major companies. Credit cants accepted. 
01-828 1678. 

THE Times 1798 uw. Other tales 
ndL Hand bound ready for preimlw - 
Uon oho -Sundays-, ng . no . 
Remember When. 01-688 6323, 

CATS. CHESS. Lea Mis. AH theatre and 
sport Trt 489 1763. AH mater credit 

ENCYCLOPAEDIA BrittaMca: 1966 ed»- 
Ikui. £880 ono. Also 64 vatomes Great 
Books £300 ono. TefcOl-675-5736 

W NDBEB/B R EmM . Cookers, eec. Can 
you buy cheaper? B & S Ud. 01 229 

PIANO, neURED-WAUtor Med i u m - 
steed, uprtgni. BeOBke tone. Tuned. 
£376. Mini Condition Ol 463 0148. 

LANZAROTE- Puero del Carmen. High 
atandard apis wlih pools. Puerto Ventu- 
ra. Tenerife- unspoiU resorts. Nov-AprtL 
(0923) 771266. Tbusway HoHdays. 
ABTA. ATOL 1107. 

ORE CALL for some of die best deals In 
mgnts. apartments, hotels and car Mra. 
Tei London Oi 636 5000. Manches te r 
061 832 2000. Ate Travel Advisory 

1INUHFL, (rid Mands. Atoarve. Me- 
norca. voas. apis, penrions. nvernas. 
HoMays/mghto bro ch ures/ instam 
bookings. Venture HohOaya. Tel 061 
834 5033. 

V AI PfAR D ER European Run. FUatits. 
01-402 4262/OOC2.Valexaoder. Oom- 
petitfve woridwide tares 01-723 2277. 
Abta Atot Ibu Aoccas/vwa. 

AMERICA fUghes with Manchester depar- 
tures 6 du South Africa & Nvw 
Praia ml. Tel Travel Centra. Blackburn 
(0254) S32S7 ABTA 73196 
CIIUnMU Sunshine, avanabtoly to se- 
lected hotels In Gambia. Canary Islands, 
a CAM. Can Expert Travel Ol 488 
9166/01 468 3096. ABTA. 

LATIN A— E RI CA. Low cost fughts r.g. 
Rio £488. Lima £406 rtn. Also Small 
Groito Holiday JounwysJeg Para from 
£360) JLA 01 747 - 3108 

America. Mid and Far East. S Africa. 
Trayvate. 48 Margsrel Sheet. WI. OI 
880 2928 (Visa Accented) 

destinations. For the cheapest tares, try 
us UL Rtctunand TraveL 1 Duke Sheet. 
Ric hm ond Surrey. ABTA 02-940 4073. 
H W P O NA M SM sate to u&A-Cuibbean- 
Far Eou -Australia. CHI the 
professio n als ABTA IATA cc ex ce pt e d. 
Tel Oi 264 6788 

WMIEA SDN specials Prices to Cyprus. 
Mxtuu Morocco. Greece. Malaga & Te- 
nerife. Oct 6 Nov. Pro World Hobdays 
Ol 734 2862. 

VUUHOURA atS 14m Fairway. No 1 
comae. Private vuta Nov/Mar & tam- 
lOes s umm er £30 pppw 061-289-6018 


Charily: Aker EHen Dta Beouest 

The Charity Conun tesk anrs have made 
a Scheme for lids charily. Copies can be 
ob ta i ne d from (hem at St Ajfaon's House. 
67-60 ttaymorkei. London 8W1Y 4 <JX 
(ret: I63728-LIL 

WOUET HALLx Home study for GCE. De- 
grees. Professions. Pwe mt as Dept 
AL2. Woho Hau. Oxford. 0X2 6PR. 
TO 0866 62200 (24 hr*>. 

To Place Your 
Classified Advertisement 

Please telephone the appropriate number listed below 
between 9 a.m and 6 p.m. Monday to Friday, 
or between 9.30 a.m and 1.00 p.m on Saturdays. 

Private Advertisers 
01 481 4000 

eheOm and South Africa. For detail* , 
Dagenham Travel Ol 817 S363. ABTA. i 


ry resort Hotel seeks assl s t aii l cook for 
toe w in ter Jioiun 06/69. Must be for- 

ALKAMra. Faro. Malaga etc. Dtmoud 
Travel ATOL 1783. 01-681 4641. 
Horsham 68M1 

BEST Fares.' Best Fitats. Best hoHdays 
anywhere. Sky Travel. Ol 834 7426. 

C AMA AMi spam Portugal Rate. Greece. 
Madrid ir £67. Tab 01-434 4326 ATOL. 
Air Bmgatns 


car. n. 7 days accom. Fly /Drive fr 
£299. Pereoor. (0896) 639900 ABTA. 

Birth, Marriage and Death Notices 01 481 3024 

Birth And Death notices may be accepted over the telephone. 
For publication the following day please telephone by 1.30 p.m. 
Marriage notices not appearing on the Court & Social page 
may also be accepted by telephone. 



dhcrmtafl cttcnlcfe. Th* successful ap- 
pUmu wUl also be rrouirad to itenuUse 
for toe head chef when veemuy. Ex- 
rellenl nmumerallon padmgr tochMBio 
Dree accommodatfon Hliigte status only) 
ana airfare. Apply lo writing with fun 
re ra n* ik Mr Martin Foxon. Greene 
BrtftehLSuiBB and Co. Victoria House. 
Vernon Flare. London WCSB 4DB. 
OWsg data for appUcMton Monday 3rd 
November 19B6. 

FtMNMC On October 27th 1986. David, 
dearly loved Esther of . Noncte. Be* 
lined Senior Partner of Flnnle & Co. 
Chartered Accountants. Retired 
Chairman of Raffl Brothers and 
Dawnay Day. Funeral gervlce at 
CMtn Green CremMorium on Fri- 
day. October Sist at 1.00 pm. No 
n«wm. Denatton* if desired to: The 
Birmingham Settlement C/O Miss 
Smalley al Finnic & CO. 

HOGAN ■ A Meroorta! Service wdl be ; 
hold in give thanks for toe life of Sir 
Michael Hogan tn Tuesday 18 th No- 
vMnber at 1200 now at the Chmh 

of Our Most Holy Redeener and St 
Thomas More. Cheyne Row, 

BsccAHOI-CtMITT • A Memorial Ser- 
MUnH (bccantt- 
oSut wn be new at Sl Mary*. 
Sdown Street- Che tet. Un doo 
SW3 j« 12.15 am. on Thumtay 6th 

] ^~Apleafortheelderty 

new. Paamasi for cxpcrtencro young 
rook. ResDonriMr for 3/4 comar 
Kuma to Dtreciors atonio ro o m mu- 
mps not. 4/6) for CUy tasmne* com- 
pany. High standard of rooking 6 ore- 
senutean required. Apply to BOX ETC- 

MUST CM WMH Xmu ■ 2 w u to 

Good drivsT/skter/Hok. »+. Tel 01 
960 2418 


caringjor others... 

...and are now in Deed of care 
tfamsdvE&TheNmhelpstbanto , 
remain m their own homes; grres 1 

WORLOK HBBCfT Au Pair Bureau, 
offers m/hefos. dam. all UveUn suer 
UK. dr Overseas au Pair Agrna Ltd. 87 
Regent Sl Londcn W.1 01 439 6B34 

1ST CL A S S OuM gtete raoUrad. 
Frenrti/Swtas Alps. faMs Ward. TeL 
OI-B34 6368 

riurisr/scbcduiM ass. PlkU Fkgni 01 
631 0167. Age Alai 1893. 

Singapore £487. other FE dues. 01-664 

Stogapore £487. Other FE cHles. 01-584 
6614 ABTA. 

£IM I LUV NEW YORK. Coast to rout 
£899. Ftorida/New York £299 tod ear. 
perepor 0896 630671. 

LOWEST Air Farm Europe and world 
wide. Ol S36 8622. BucKUtphun 

SPAM Portugal Canaries Orem icuy fr 

£69. SunwneeL 01-464 4997/8. 


SVD/MCL £63B Penh £866. AB maior 
(atom to AUl/NZ. 01-684 7371 

fly on 16 December £796 rtn. Travel 
Masters. 021 444 BSii 

TUMS1A. Far your holiday where Us atlil 
summer, Can lor oar brochure now. Tu- 
nhUBn Travel Bureau. 01-373 4411. 

ALL US err as. Lowest tares an maior 
scheduled atom. 01-684 7371. ABTA 

Trade Advertisers: 

Appointments 01 481 4481 

Public Appointments 01 481 1066 

Property 01 481 1986 

Travel 01 481 1989 

U.K. Holidays 01 488 3698 

Motors 01 481 4422 

Personal 01 481 1920 

Business to Business 01 481 1982 

Education 02 481 1066 

Forthcoming Marriages, Weddings, etc for the 
Court and Social Page 
Cannot be accepted by Telephone. 


COLDS WORTHY - On October 24. 
peacefully, in WcVMdge Hospital. 
Ernest Charles, Master Mariner, 
aged 83. widower of Gwen whom ha 
survived by S wtda. Belov e d father 
of Jennifer and Veronica: grandfa- 
ther of pwhp. Jidfa. Vlrgbiig and 
Panel. Funeral at St Mary* Church, 
Oatlanua Village, weyoridge. an Fr*. 
day October 3ut at 12 ton. fbBowod 
bv cremation at RondaOs Park. 
Lratimhtad. ENmMkns tf.derind to 
the RNU. WestQUBRy Rond. Poobt, 


always- ftp 

bpoctdr « Doreen trt* OM* Moore) 

remembered hy David and 


RtBHTirr PhDlP > Loving and MW 
tt vour Birthday. 

. Wta. Ann »»d a* 

iWYfiralfrwnmftot ilr anri hrip; 

HmadsNucsnefises. We also 
haw flats alOU Windsor and 


yoo can spare io: 

He Setxkan The IWmbI 

BenewteBf msmngoiiC n ), 

61 s<pwater Ro«d , Rtg,Omtj j 

l LosJoiiW23PE 2 at»A 

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and Teddy Bran etc. Antique & Pre 1940's cuiha. PoMcy nod other. Shawls. 
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Okt musical boxes & btttrumtnti and aU other mtemttog articles, teamedtaie nun 
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Bitter Kre mlin 
lashes Britain 
for Syria action 

From Christopher Walter, Moscow 


Three die, 36 hurt, in bus crash 

The Soviet Union yesterday 
issued a bitter formal 
condemnation of Britain's de- 
cision to break diplomatic ties 
with Syria, saying that its 
accusations of Syrian govern- 
ment involvement in the plot 
to blow up an El A1 airliner at 
Heathrow airport were 

in a strongly-worded state- 
ment read to Western and 
Soviet correspondents, Mr 
Gennady Gerasimov, the 
Kremlin’s chief spokesman, 
claimed that the actions of the 
British in severing relations 
and of America in withdraw- 
ing its envoy from Damascus 
“further aggravate the already 
tense situation in the Middle 

Describing Britain's action 
as provocative, Mr 

added:“Proceeding from an 
obvious invention, the British 
and American propagandists 
are trying to launch a large- 
scale anti-Syrian campaign 
and force other Western Euro- 
pean countries to follow 
London's unseemly action.” 

The statement, which re- 
inforced a barrage of hostile 
attacks in the official Soviet 
media, accused Whitehall of 
practising double standards by 
tailing to condemn Israel for 
its 19-year occupation of the 
Syrian Golan Heights and for 

relief plan 

Con tinned from page 1 

a fall in the total of tax relief 
The Labour leader main- 
tained he was not announcing 
a new policy. “The system of 
relief has so changed as to fail 
adequately to meet the objec- 
tive of helping the majority of 
home-buyers with their costs, 
and must be reappraised. 

“Rises in support for the 
very best paid and housed are 
not defensible either in terms 
of the economic use of re- 
sources or in terms of social 

In his speech Mr Kinnock 
set out Labour's plans for 
council and private tenants. 
He hinted that as well as 
gening new rights of security, 
repair and representation, pri- 
vate tenants would get the 
right to purchase their prop- 
erties where landlords were 
not resident. 

letting US planes use British 
territory to launch bombing 
raids on Libya. 

Mr Gerasimov added:“The 
Soviet Union rejects terror 
and calls on stales to co- 
operate effectively in totally 
uprooting this dangerous 
phenomenon. But the adop- 
tion of concrete measures 
requires weighty evidence and 
not false inventions, especially 
when we are dealing with 
attempts to associate the ac- 
tion of irresponsible individ- 
uals with the policy of states.” 

The force of Soviet reaction 
has been increased by the 
Kremlin's treaty of friendship 
with Damascus, but there 
were no hints from the spokes- 
man yesterday that verbal 
condemnation of Britain 
would be followed by any 
diplomatic sanctions. 

in a separate development, 
Mr Gerasimov stressed the 
importance the Kremlin now 
attached to the planned meet- 
ing in Vienna early next 
month between Mr Eduard 
Shevardnadze, the Soviet For- 
eign Minister, and his Ameri- 
can counterpart, Mr George 

“We have to continue what 
was started in Reykjavik. . .if 
we stop now, we would lose 
momentum." Mr Gerasimov 

in farewell 
to Machel 

Continued from page 1 

murdered our president”, pro- 
claimed another. 

Mr Joaquim Chissano. the 
Foreign Minister, who. with 
Mr dos Santos, led the pro- 
cession of government and 
party mourners, is widely 
lipped as the most likely 
successor to President Ma- 
chel. Mr dos Santos, who has 
made most of the public i 
announcements since the 
crash, is unlikely to succeed, 
observers believe, partly be- 
cause of his mixed racial 

A 21-gun salute boomed out 
before the coffin was wheeled 
down a slope to a crypt. 
President MacbeFs widow. 
Mrs Graca Machel, dressed in 
black velvet, was supported by 

The huge crowds were 
mostly solemn and silent 


s ! 1 * 
$ f ' $ i 

■ 5 V;v; 

Rescuers cutting into the wreckage in an effort to free trapped passengers. 

Three elderly women died and an- 
other 36 passengers were burned, 20 
serioasly, when a bus collided head-on 
with an articulated lorry near Newcastle 
city centre yesterday then smashed into 
a wail (lan Smith writes). 

Fireman had to ase ladders to reach 
tbe windows before they could smash 
them to reach passengers trapped on the 
upper deck, because the staircase was 
mangled and partially torn away. 

An emergency casualty team tended 
tbe injured as they were carried onto the 
pavement and a fleet of 16 ambcdances 

was used to ferry them to Newcastle 
General Hospital and the Royal 
I nfi r m ar y. 

Firemen had to use a special saw to 
free the lorry driver from the twisted 
remains of his cab, which was torn away 
when the load of b re eze b locks on its 
trader was sent hurtling forward in the 
crashJlendreds of the blocks had to 
moved before they omU reach the driver 
who was eventually taka to hospital 
with serious head and leg injuries. 

Cutting aparatas also had to be aged 
to free ok woman passenger who was 

catapulted oat of tbe bos window and 
trapped in between the two vehicles. 
One woman, fatally injured, had to be 
cut from her seat on the tower deck. AD 
three fat a liti es were women on the lower 

Northumbria police are not releasing 
names of the dead until relatives have 
been inf ormed. 

The bes is owned by City Busways, 
which began operating only last week- 
end when privatization of fans rentes 
took effect 

‘Warped’ Bamber guilty of murders 

Continued from page 1 
Sheila Caffell who had then 
committed suicide." 

In answer to widespread 
criticism of police handl ing of 
the case, he raised six points 
which he said justified the 
initial police response to the 

These involved Bamber’s 
claim that he had received a 
telephone call from his father 
reporting that Sheila had gone 
crazy with a gun, his descrip- 
tion to police of his sister's 
dangerous mental slate, a 
three hour delay caused by 
armed police surrounding the 
house, the fact that the house 
was completely secure from 
the inside, the positioning of 

the murder weapon on 
Sheila's body, and finally the 
appearance of Jeremy Bamber 
as a grieving relative. 

Mr Stone, who retires to- 
day, added: “The senior offi- 
cers who attended this tragic 
scene took note of all it 
presented and deduced pre- 
cisely what had been intended, 
namely, murder followed by 

“ In accordance with nor- 
mal procedures they arranged 
for scenes of crime officers to 
carry out an examination of 
the bouse and for the bodies to 
be removed to enable post- 
mortem examinations to be 

“In fact the scenes of crime 

examinations look two-and-a- 
half days to complete. A 
forensic pathologist per- 
formed the post-mortems, 
concluded that all tbe persons 
had died as a result of gunshot 
wounds and considered that 
the murder-suicide theory was 

Mr Stone said that the 
emereence of Miss Julie 
Mugford. Bamber’s former 
girl friend, as a witness was a 
breakthrough of vital im- 
portance but that in the mean- 
time scientific evidence was 
reaching police and casting 
doubt on the initial theory. 

Mr Stone added: “With the 
benefit of that perfect science, 
hindsight, it could be said that 

tbe judgements made at the 
scene of the crime by senior 
officers were misdirected. 

“ But I must again empha- 
size tbe careful way in which 
the whole affair had been 
planned. While assumptions 
were made, no firm con- 
clusions were initially drawn 
and the evidence collected 
eventually enabled the in- 
vestigating team to pursue 
what proved to be the final 
line of enquiry.” 

Mr Stone said that he had 
full confidence in the judge- 
ment of Det Chief Insp Tom 
Jones, who led tte inquiry 
initially and who died earlier 
this year when he fell off a 
.ladder at home. 

Fran k Johnson in the Commons 

No time to get 

used to a scandal 

Just as we observers of 
politics get used to one 
crnnrfal. the scandal changes 
to another one. 

We went off for last week- 
end with tbe scandal being 
the one about Conservative 
Central Office having alleg- 
edly put pressure on Tory 
witnesses not to give ev- 
idence for the defendants in 
the libel action which two 
Conservative MPs had bro- 
ught a gainst an edition of 
Panorama for suggesting that 
they were part ofa fascist or 
neo-nazi plot to infiltrate the 
Tory Party. Tbe scandal be- 
fore that had been the edition 
of Panorama itself (The two 
; sides of the House always 
disagree as to what, at any 
given moment, tbe scandal 

it may be remembered that 
there had been a scene at the 
end of Question Time on 
Thursday. Mr Dale Camp- 
beUnSavours, the Labour 
Member for Workington, 
made the necessary allega- 
tions in tbe form ofa point of 
order. He named the allegedly 
guilty man: a Central Office 
to gti advisor. Mr MitchdL 

Mr Tebbit intervened and 
told him to come outside and 
say that, away from the 
protection of parliamentary 
privilege. Mr Chmpbefl-Sav- 
ours declined. 

We had just about got used 
to the cast of characters in 
this scandal: Mr Tebbit, Mr 
Mitchell, tbe reporter Mr 
Michael Cockerell of Pan- 
orama, the BBC, Mr Alisdair 
Milne, the two libelled Tory 
MPs and Hitler. They had 
become like old 
acquaintances. • 

We got back on Monday to 
find that tbe cast had com- 
pletely changed. Now it was 
Mr Jeffrey Archer, a sinister- 
sounding lawyer called Mr 
Aziz Kintba, who has since 
disappeared, a courtesan 
nam ed Monica who for some 
unexplained reason is in 
practice under the code name 
erf “Debbie” and various 
brutes from the News of the 
World. They seemed an even 
more interesting lot, although 
one was sorry to lose Mr 
Cockerell and Hitler. 

Then, halfway through Pri- 
me Minister's questions yes- 
terday, Mr David CTefland, 
the Labour Member for 
Tynebridge, asked Mrs Tha- 
tcher to comment on the 
“lies” which, he said, last 
Sunday’s Observer proved 
rite had told during the 
Westland affair, which was 
last January's scandal (al- 
though this allegation of lies 

immediately made it the new 
scandal too). 

The Speaker intervened to 
say that Mr Oeiland, who is 
relatively new to the House, 
might not know that a Mem- 
ber is not allowed waause . 
another of lying. Mr Oeiland * 
replied that he was only \ 

quoting The Observer. The $ 

Speaker said that, if he looked a 
in Erskine May, the par- 
Jiamentary role book, he fl 

would see that that to no • 
excuse. Mr Oeiland re- 
phrased his question. % 

He wanted Mrs Thatcher g 

to comment on this new F 

information about tbe leak to !;■ 
the press of the Solicitor- r 
General's letter to the then ■' 
Secretary for Defence, Mr. : 
Michael Hesettine: the cen- ■ 
tral event of the entire West- i 
lan d affair. The new scandal ■ 
was about what Mr Bernard ■ 
In gham , the Prime Minister’s : v 
Press Secretary, said to the [>; 
girt f-j 

The girl was in business as f 
a press officer, working the F 
Department of Trade and { / 
Industry beat under tbe name 
“Ms Colette Bow”. The sin- v 
ister-seeming figure, with 
whom she had got involved, 
was a lawywe called Mr Leon 
Brittan, who was said to be in 
control of the entire Depart- | 
menL He has since disa- ?*' 
ppeared. wr 

Someone wanted Iter to jthe 
reveal some scandalous inf- :no 
ormation to the press. But ’an 
who? Was it Mr Brittan? Or fes. 
was it this shadowy Mr |ps, 
Ingham? Mrs Tbatchar re- 4ire 
plied that she had not read are. 
The Observe article, and did «cht 
not intend to 
Like many in her pro-£]* s 
fession, Ms Bow had got ^i- 
herself mixed up with a very ^ 
rough man. But how did The 
Observer know that this rtas £a 
what Mr Ingham had said. ^ 
One is forced to the conclu- % 
rion that they were tape- iJS 
recording Mr Ingham's tel- -g 
ephone conversations or had a 
“wired up" the girl ^ 

On a point of order, Mr 
W illiams demanded that the ‘ 
Speaker mak e Mrs Thatcher . 
answer the allegation about ^ 
this Mr Ingham. The Speaker “ 
said this was not a point of ~ 
order and h was • “rep- 
iehensible" fear Mr Williams- ,J1S 
to continue question time 
through foe Chair. “I do not 
know what Mr Ingham said,” s» 
the Speaker added. Exactly. ir 
We were just getting used to £ 
the new cast: the terrifying S 
Mr In gham; the elusive Mr it 
Brittan; and the frightened it 
girl on tbe telephone. Doublet- 
less they will be replaced b 
the end of the week. — 

Today's events 

Royal engagements 
The Queen attends a recep- 
tion at St James's Palace to 
mark the twenty-fifth anniver- 
sary of tbe Horserace Betting 

Levy Board, 6.30. Queen Eliza- 
beth the Queen Mother and 
Princess Anne will also attend. 

The Prince of Wales, Presi- 
dent of Business in the Commu- 
nity, opens tbe Moor Lane 
Business Centre, Moor Lane, 
Widnes, Cheshire. 10.05; and 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,189 

This puzzle was solved within 30 minutes by 15 of the 22 national 
finalists in the 1986 Collins Dictionaries Times crossword 


] County men caught by other 
side include Yorkshire 
opener (5). 

4 It helps racehorse to be first 
to jump (4.5). 

9 So-called writer might alarm 
some Londoners (5.4) 

10 Main star’s central part in 
Greek drama (S). 

11 Majority ofthe people in the 
old country (6). 

12 Part in Hamlet or Merchant 
of Venice back in America 

14 Turnover from a couple of 
seasons, say (10). 

16 Does have as partner such a 
speculator (4). 

19 At short notice, sent back 
information (4). 

20 One of lucky foursome 
caught 50 on the other side 

22 Jibes without difficulty as 

island appears (8). 

23 Like Mercutio’s scratch, no 
huge disaster(6>. 

26 Our gunners left us outside 

range of Russians (5). 

27 A church with cross in 
Devon town (9). 

28 Member of tcmporaiy alli- 
ance given blanket coverage 


29 Soundly beat one m school 


1 perfectly proficient? (5). 

2 Quality a mariner discerned 
everywhere (5)- i 

3 Put in after firm s start to 
create easy job (8k 

Concise Crossword page l* 

4 Humble employee, initially 
— loathsome scamp, finally 

5 Play strongly in favour of 
nothing (3.3.4). 

6 Dog. a matchless sort of 
boxer (6). 

7 Successful candidate con- 
trived 909b in paper, I note 

8 Alexander’s beloved Asians 
(5, ‘ 

13 Liberal crossing the floor, as 
27 might be (4-2-4). 

15 Ticket collectors’ nemesis 

17 Unusual foresight, as exem- 
plified by Pegasus (4-5). 

18 Latest play and novel (5-3). 

21 Her intelligence provided 
James with title (6). 

22 Advertisement for a jacket 

24 Like difficult radicals at 
heart (5). 

25 Northern (or Southern) sea- 
bird (4). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,188 

m m B B E -v E3 P 

Hts e ® is ra m 

_ n - EKP 

rt - iStf- Pci , . (S H B ES.tP! 

e a 

roBjina - • m ( ji n s 

visits tbe Manchester Business 
School, Booth Street West, 
Manchester. 12.15; then as 
President of the Youth Business 
Initiative, attends the Youth 
Business Initiative Trade Dis- 
play at Manchester Airport, 
2.10: later, accompanied by tbe 
Princess of Wales, he attends a 
gala concert to mark the United 
Kingdom Presidency of the 
European Community at 
Guildhall 7.30. 

Princess Anne, President of 
the Save the Children Fund, 
attends pan of the morning 
session of the Inland Revenue 
StafT Federation Executive 
Committee meeting. 12.30; and 
as Patron of British Executive 
Service Overseas, attends their 
annual general meeting at the 
Institute of Directors, London, 
4.15; later attends the Central 
British Fund for World Jewish 
Relief dinner at Grosvenor 
House, 7.4a 

Princess Margaret attends a 
Court of Assistants of the 
Haberdashers’ Company at 
Haberdashers’ Hall. Staining 
Lane, 12.30, and as Master of 
the Bench dines with Benchers 
of Lincoln's Inn, 7.15. 

The Duke of Kent, as Chair- 
man of the National Electronics 
Council attends the Mount- 
bauen Lecture at tbe Institution 
of Electrical Engineers. Savoy 
Place. WC2, 2J>5. 

Exhibitions In progress 

Prints by Rembrandt van 
Rijn, recently cleaned and re- 
stored; The Whitworth An Gal- 
lery, University of Manchester. 
Whitworth Park. Manchester, 
(ends Nov 22). 

American book plates: a rare 
opportunity to see the work of 
the best 20th century American 
bookplate artists. The 
Fiizwilijam Museum. Cam- 
bridge: (ends Dec 21 ). 

Last chance to see 

Hans Christian Andersen: 
papercuttings and illustrations; 
Macro ben Arts Centre. Univer- 
sity of Stirling. 

Watercolours by Janet Jor- 
dan: Niccol Centre, Brewery 
Court, Cirencester. Mon-Fri 
9.30 to 4.30. Sat 10 to 12.30. 

Concert by the Brighton Phil- 
harmonic Orchestra: Brighton 
College. Brighton. E Sussex. 

A Viennese evening by the 
Halle Orchestra, conducted by 
Bryden Thomson: Manchester 
Free Trade Hall. Manchester. 

Organ Recital by Thomas 
Trotter. Birmingham Town 
HaJL Victoria Square. Bir- 
mingham . I. 

Concert by the Northern 
Sinfonia Orchestra: Town Hall 
Middlesbnragh. 7.45. 

Piano recital by Stephen 
Hough: Town Hall Chester, 

Talks and Lectures 

Does research have io be 
mathematical and/or po-faced?: 
by Doug Holly: School of 
Education 2 University Road. 
Leicester. 1. 

Local history lecture. Abbey 
Row Community Centre. Kelso. 

RSPB Film Show: Si David's 
Hall The Hayes. Cardiff 7.30. 

Books- hardback 

Tha Literary Etfitor's selection of inter e sti n g books puMshed this weak 
As No Other Dare Fail for Samuel Beckett on Ns 80th birthday, edited by 
John Calder (John Cakfer. £10.95} 

Anne Boieyn. by E.W. Ives (Blackwell £1455) 

Charles Rennie Macki ntosh . Furniture and Interiors, by Roger BBcftfe 
(John Murray. £55) 

m These Times, by Bernard Lewi (Cape. £1055) 

Int ern a tion a l Eogfah Usage, by Loreto Todd Alan Hancock (ProomHebit, 

John Stewart CoBs. A Memoir, by Richard Ingrains (Chatto & Wind us. 

low Lite, by Jeffrey Bernard, foreword by John Osborne (Duckworth, 

Room Two More Guns. The intriguing history of the Personal Column of 
The Times, by Stephen Wmkwortn (Alan & Unwin. £10.95) 

The Frangtais Lieutenant's Woman , by Mites Kington (Robson, £7.95) 
The bnpresatonist Revolution, edited by Bruce Bernard (Mecdonald/OttAs, 

The World: An llustrated History, edited by Geoffrey Parker (Times Books, 


The Midlands: Ml: 
Contraflow between junctions 
27 and 28. (Nottinghamshire) 
entry and exit slip roads dosed. 
Contraflow between junctions 
22 and 23 (A50 Leicester/ A5I2 
Loughborough). M54: Road- 
works between junction 2 
(A449) and 6 (Ketley). 

Wales and West: M4: East- 
bound carriageway closed for 
resurfacing work between junc- 
tions 16 and 17 
contraflow westbound. MS: 
Lane closures northbound be- 
tween junctions II and 12 
northbound entry slip road 
closed at junction 14 
(Thorn bury). A 449: Gwent, M4. 
junction 24 (Raglan), various 
contraflows between Usk and 

The North: M6: Major road- 
works with lane closures be- 
tween junctions 17 and 18 
(Sandbach/Middlewicb). M6: 
Contraflow between junctions 
32 and 33 (Prestou/Lancaster 
South). A4l: Resurfacing work 
at New Chester Road 
(Merseyside), single lane traffic 
in operation, junction at 
Sianney Road dosed. 

Scotland: M8: Outside lane 
closures at Hillingdon inter- 
change. Strathclyde, expect long 
delays. A 80: Southbound lane 
closures between central re- 
gional boundary and 
Castlecarry. A73 junction. A9: 
Contraflows on southbound 
carriageway from N of 
Abenitnven to Dalreoch. 

Information supplied by AA 


Births: James Boswell Edin- 
burgh. 1 740: Louis Blanc social- 
ist. Madrid. 1811: John Leech, 
caricaturist. London. 1864; Jean 
Giraudoux. writer. Bellac, 
France. 1882. 

Deaths: Sir Walter Raleigh. 
London. 1618: James Shirley. 
poc< and dramatist. London. 

Tower Bridge 

Tower Bridge will be raised 
today at I ] am and 12 noon. 

The pound 



A strong, showery west- 
erly airflow wSl cover the 
British Isles. 

6 am to midnig ht- 

London, SE, central S. E canM 
N England, East AngKa, WdtandK 

Matnfy dry, simny periods; wind SW 
to W moderate or fresh; max temp 
12C (54 FJl 

Channel (stands, SW EMtead, S 
Wales: Sumy periods, isolated 
showers; wind SW to W moderate 
or fresh; max temp 12C (54F). 

NOON TODAY Praaun h liman hi 

Bank Bank 

Buys Sals 

Yugoslavia Dnr 

Rsbs tor smal danomteattan bank notes 
only 88 suppled by Barrtsys Bank PLC. 
Different rates apply to travellers’ 
cheques and ether toratgn currency 

Retd Price tadm: 3874) 

London: Tin FT index dosed 62 np at 

Parliament today 

Commons (230): Debate on 

Lords (2.30): Housing (Scot- 
land) Bill Commons amend- 
ments. Public Order Bill third 

PwOoSo - turn to ptay 

Monday -Saturday record your tuny 

Ponroiio total. 

Add these together w deienmne 
your weekly Portfolio total. 

II your total matches me pUdlshed 
weekly dividend ngure youhave won 
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staled for mat week, and roust claim 
your wne atramigrt below. 


No clams can us keseputf onmM men 


You must lute your card wtBi you 
when you telephone 
it you are unatdc u> tetenmne 
someone else can Maim on your Oehatf 
Out infV must have your card and cat! 
The Times Portfolio damn line 
between U»e ui nutated tunes. 

So responsibility can be accepted 
for failure to contact the claims office 
for any reason witMn the sued 

The above instructions are » 
DUrable lo both dally and weekly 
dividend claims. 

District, tela of Mate Surety inter- 
vals, occasional showers mosdy 
dying out; wind W strong to gale 
becoming SW fresh; max temp 11C 

i . . * 1 1 _ i" •! . - i . 

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Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 

STOCK Market 

FT 30 Share 

1255.6 (-2.1) 

FT-SE 100 

1583.6 (-2.6) 



USM (Data stream) 
125.U (-0.47) 6PM 


US Dollar 
1-4155 (+0.0080) 
W German marie 
2.8749 (-0.0073) 

67.8 (same) 



Eurotunnel was last njg fr f 
confident that tbe deadline for 
its £206 million international 

share placing at 2pm today 
would be met. 

Indications were that the 
final £10 million needed from 
British institutions had been 
pledged, to bring total British 
commitments to more than 
£70 million. 

A similar amount has also 
been raised in France, where 
some large investors have 
been having last-minute 
doubts. The £20 million from 
Japan has always looked 

That leaves the only poten- 
tial shortfall in the US, where 
the £20 million placing is 
being handled by Salomon 
Brothers, and in the rest of 
■Europe, which is also expected 
to raise £20 million. 

Wolseley up 

Wolsdey, the largest sup- 
plier of plumbing and heating 
equipment in Britain, yes- 

terday reported pretax profits 
‘12 months to end-Juiy 

for the 

1986 up 60 per cent to £503 
million. Turnover rose from 
£527.1 million to £739.1 mil- 
! lion. Earnings per share, ad- 
justed for a one-for-three 
rights issue in April 1986, 
increased from 31.99p to 
4l39p. The 8p proposed final 
dividend, combined with the 
3.5p interim dividend, repre- 
sent a 41 per cent increase on 
last year. Tempos, page 29 

BCA record 

In another record year to 
August 1, pretax profits at the 
British Car Auction Group 
jumped 36.5 per cent to £1 3.8 
million on turnover up 51 Vi 
per cent at £89 million. The 
dividend was increased by 38 
per cent to 45p net. 

Tempos, page 29 

Thorn funding 

Thorn EMI, the music and 
electronics group, has estab- 
lished a£l00 million commer- 
cial paper programme to be 
denominated in sterling and 
dollars. . 

Apex bid fails 

Apex Group, the New Zealand 
property developer, has foiled 
in its tender offer for 29 per 
cent of Property Holding & 
Investment Trust (Phit), the 
property company. Chase 
Corporation, a rival New Zea- 
land company, has made an 
agreed bid for PhiL 

Dearer loans 

Barclays Bank's mongage 
rate is to go up 135 per cent to 
1235 per cent from Friday. 
The TSB’s rate on endowment 
mortgages will rise by 135 per 
cent to 1235 per cent and on 
repayment mortgages from 
1 1 .5 per cent to 12.75 per cent 
Existing TSB borrowers will 
not have to pay tbe new rates 
until December 1. 

CftNews 26 ForetaEn* 29 
WaD Street 2S TmledOpts g 
Conmeot 27 Shire Prices 31 
Stock Market 27 UnitTrmO 32 
Money Mrfctt 29 Coraodifies 32 
- 29 USM Prices 32 




Hanson pensions 

move causes 
Courage strike 

More than 300 workers at 
the Courage brewery in Read- 
ing walked out yesterday in 
protest at what they see as an 
attempt by Hanson Tru& to 
sipbon off an £85 million 
surplus in their pension fund. 

Courage, Britain's serth-big- 
gest brewer, was acquired by 
Hanson in the ELS billion 
takeover of the Imperial 
Group earlier this year and it 
is now being sold to the 
Australian Foster’s lager 
group. Elders DCL 

Production at the brewery 
was halted shortly after 6am 
yesterday when manual work- 
ers manned a picket tine at the 
entrance to the plant. A 
spokesman for the brewery 
said that the proposed stop- 
page was for 48 hours after 
which another meeting of the 
employees was planned. 

At Hanson's London head- 
quarters Mr Martin Taylor, a 
director, declined to speculate 
on what, if any, was the 
current surplus in the brewery 
workers' pension fund. 

“We are in the process of 
carrying out an actuarial 
valuation of the fund and we 

By John Bell, City Editor 

do not know what the surplus 
is, if any.” 

Mr Taylor said that, after 
completion of the valuation, a 
sum would be transferred to 
Elders IXL which would be 
sufficient to meet aO obliga- 
tions relating to the pension 
entitlements of the workers 
who would be transferring to 
Elders’ employment. 

Hanson would retain an 
obligation to meet the entitle- 
ments of 12,000 deferred and 
present pensioners of the 
Courage group. 

Although Mr Taylor would 
not go into details, it appears 
that, since the bare actuarial 
liabilities are to be transferred 
to Elders, any surplus will 
remain with Hanson Trust 

Despite Mr Taylor’s refusal 
to speculate about the exis- 
tence of a surplus in the 
Courage pension fond it 
would be surprising if, on 
completion of the actuarial 
valuation, there were not 
substantial surpluses. 

Over the mud 10 years the 
returns available from the 
British and international stock 
markets have been greatly in 

excess of those normally pro- 
jected by the actuarial 

Tbe extent of pension fund 
surpluses which have accrued 
over recent years is so big that 
in the last Budget tbe Chan- 
cellor, Mr Nigel Lawson, 
brought in a number of mea- 
sures designed to tax them if 
they are returned to tbe 

Feelings are running high 
among past and present Cour- 
age employees. Some are plan- 
ning to voice their protest at a 
special meeting of Hanson 
Trust shareholders today. 

One of them, Mr Alan Ridd, 
a former Courage production 
director, said yesterday that he 
and his colleagues were con- 
cerned that large pension fund 
surpluses would come under 
the control of a company of 
which they had little or no 
knowledge and that former 
employees would have little 
say in bow the surpluses 
would be used. 

Hanson Trust has attracted 
criticism for the way .it has 
broken up tbe Imperial Group 
since h gained control 

Spending boom 
fuels optimism, 
CBI claims 

By Graham Searjeant, Financial Editor 

Britvic puts fizz 
into cola wars 

By Teresa Poole 

A big realignment of the 
British soft drinks industry 
was signalled yesterday with 
the announcement of a series 
of deals that set the battlelines 
for a renewed offensive in the 
aria wars. 

On one side will be Britvic 
Corona. This will be forma! 
by Britvic Soft Drinks acquir- 
ing, for£120 million, the main 
part of tbe British soft drinks 
business of Beecbam, the 
pharmaceuticals and con- 
sumer products group. Britvic 
Corona has been awmried also 
the British franchise for Pepsi- 
Cola and 7-Up products. 

The new company will be in 
competition with the joint 
venture between Coca-Cola 
and Cadbury Schweppes, an- 
nounced last year, which yes- 
terday said that it would start 
operating at the beginning of 


Pepsi-Cola International 
has been searching for a new 
franchisee ever since Cadbuiy, 
which used to handle Pepsi's 
bottling and distribution, said 
it was joining forces with 

By buying the Beecbam 
businesses, Britvic expands its 
bottling and distribution facil- 
ities to a level which can 
handle the Pepsi franchise and 
acquires also a number of 
leading brands including Co- 
rona, Quosh, Tango, Hunts 
and Top Deck. 

To complete the jigsaw, 
Beecham. which holds the 
Coca-Cola franchise until 

1992 in the North of England, 
Scotland and Wales, has 
agreed to the- eariy termina- 
tion of the contract for 
payment of between £10 mil- 
lion and £15 million. From 
next year Coca-Cola 
Schweppes Beverages will 
cany out all its own bottling 
and distribution. 

Beecham will retain its 
more profitable specialist 
health drinks, which include 
Lucozade, Horiicks. Ribena, 
and BovriL 
. Britvic Corona will have 
sales of about £300 mil Kra i 
and win combine Beecham’s 
strong presence in off-licences, 
supermarkets, and newsagents 
— the take-home trade— with 
Britvic’s strong sales to tbe 
licensed trade. 

Soft Drinks is a wholly 
owned subsidiary of Britannia 
Soft Drinks which is jointly 
owned, 50 per cent by Bass 
and 25 per cent each by Allied- 
Lyons and Whitbread. Its 
leading brands include 
Britvic, R Whites, Shandy 
Bass and Canada Dry. 

Pepsi will acquire a 10 per 
cent interest in Britvic Corona 
for between £15 million and 
£20 million. Mr Peter Ken- 
dall, regional vice-president of 
Pepsi-Cola, Northern Europe, 
said the new organization 
would immediately triple the 
distribution of Pepsi-Cola 
products in Britain. Headded: 
“The new venture represents a 
coup for us in die cola wars.” 

Turner & Newall may 
sue over AE bid costs 

By Alison Eadie 

Turner & Newall, the en- pected would be Hill Samuel, 

the merchant bank acting for 

gmeering group which has 
been cleared to bid again for 
AE, yesterday said it was 
taking legal advice on the 
possibility of recovering some 
of the £4 million costs in- 
curred in the abortive bid and 
redress for the damage done. 

Financial advisers to T&N 
stressed last night that there 
was no assurance it would be 
legally possible to recover 
anything. The parties from 
whom recovery might be ex- 

AE, Hill Samuel Investment 
Management, Cazenove, AE*s 
stockbroker, and Midland 
Bank, AE*s principal banker. 

On Monday the takeover 
panel strongly criticized AE*s 
advisers for their defence tac- 
tics, which enabled AE to 
escape from TAN'S dutches. 
Their tactics were breaches of 
the Takeover Code, which has 
no statutory backing. TAN’S 
lawyers me now examining 



Now Yoffc 

Dow Jones 1854.89 (+13.07)’ 


Nikkei Dow .„■ 16397.8S (+240.03) 

Hong Kong: 

Hang Seng ^■£3J+ 1 , 2 #2 

Amsterdam: Gen 270.0 (-3JS 

Sydney: AO 1357.5 (+10.7) 


Commerzbank 1954,5 (-17. 8] 


General ........ 3857.39 (+0.75) 

Paris: CAC 377.5 (-2.7) 


SKA General 533.60 (+0.1) 

London closing prices Page 31 


Mied- Lyons 306p (+5p) 

Beecham -422p(+4p) 

Wotseiey — 

A Oohen ‘A* 5*p (20p) 

Porter Chadbum — - 338p (+18pj 

Bunonwood 652p (+32p) 

Kennedy] Brookes — 256p (+14p) 

Central TV 403pf+20pj 

Pearson — - — 5B2Sp (+7J4p) 

Chesterfields Pr. 455p DSp) 

AyerHitam Wf+ZOp) 

Tnorpae Group 160p (+49p) 

Campari — Sip (+I3p) 

Euro Home Prods ...... 140p (+11p) 


BP— 642p H6p) 




Bank Base: 11% 

3-momn Interbank 11V5-11*% - . 

3-nwnh eligible 


Pome Rate 754% 

Federal Funds 5' 3 *6%' 

3-month Treasury Bite 5.18-5.16%* 
30-year bonds 

Marks & Spencer I95p l-8p) 

Royal Insurance 833p Hip) 

Vffikams Holdings — S2§pHgP) 

Sothert & Pitt — _SP r?Bp) 

Electrocomponerrts — 359p (-lop; 


London Ffcdrac ^ ___ 

AM S40945 pm-$4lQ.7Q . 
close $411.50-412.00 (£291.00- 
291.50 ) 

NewYoric _ • 

Comex $412^0412.70* 


London: NewYoric 

£: SI .4155 

£: DM2, 9745 S: DM2.0330' 

E- SwFr2.371 7 S: SwFrf.6770* 

£: FFr9.3989 ' S; FR6.6480- 
£: Yen226.48 SrYenl 80.05* 

£; Index: 67.8 $: index: 11 LZ 

ECU £0.72496 SDR £0.851351 

north sea oil 

tratfing price 

whether there have been any 
breaches of company law. 

T&N has called an extraor- 
dinary shareholders' meeting 
on November 1 1 to sanction 
an increase in its share capital, 
which would be required if a 
new offer were to be made 

Both companies' share pri- 
ces came back from suspen- 
sion yesterday. AE dosed up 
12p at 232p and T&N closed 
8p higher at 180p. 

New Topic 
hits SEAQ 

By Lawrence Lever 

The Stock Exchange's com- 
puter systems broke down 
again yesterday - with the 
Topic aetwurkorce more cans- 

foSxue cansed the Stock 
Exchange Automated Quota- 
tions system to be withdraw! 
for half an hoar at lpm faring 
brokers back to the foe tra- 
ditional dealing methods on 
the Stock Exdmnge floor. 

The view from fee broken 
and market-makers, however, 
was tint the tjaphig . of 
yestetdsy’s failure - athmdH 
time when- business is tra- 
ditionally qaiet — meant that 
the effects on business were 

“It could have come at a 
much worse time for us aH.” 
one stockbroker said 

The official explanation 
from the Stock Exchange was 
that the failure was due to 
factors entirely different from 
Monday’s overloading 
proUemJt said that a routine 
operational procedure de- 
signed to refresh the electronic 
contact between the central 
TOPIC system and foe 
TOPIC terminals was to 

“It is like switching die 
whole system off and on again 
instantly. We found out that 
we can no longer do this now 
with the increased level at 
which TOPIC is used” a Stock 
Exchange spokesman said 

The vulnerability of the 
Topic system to failure when 
overused continues to concern 
foe Stock Exchange. 

Mr Edth Gohfe-Mon»a 
a member of the Exchange’s 
markets committee said 
yesterday^foe real danger is 
an anpraEctable surge where 
everyone dives for their 
screens, say when some very 
bad news is announced. Yon 
could get a very sudden over- 
load. We are stiD playing with 
foe parameters — we haven't 
got these right yet. 

The Ktftmngo admitted 
sterday that the TOPIC 
software is inadequate to cope 
with the canent level of de- 
mand by users. In foe mean- 
time it has taka technical 
remedial measures ** pending a 
more comprehensive software 
solution which will take a 
while to develop and foor- 

o reduce the Ekefihood of a 
systems faBnre from overuse 
the Exchange yesterday de- 
layed the access to the Topic 
system of dosed user groups 
for four bouts. 

Moreover it has restricted 
access to the SEAQ level 2 

Grand Met sells 
Liggett for f 97m 

By Cliff Feltimm 

Grand Metropolitan, the 
hotel and brewing group, has 
al last sold its Liggett cigarette 
business in tbe US for Si 37 
million (£97 million). 

But while the City wel- 
comed the long-awaited deal 
yesterday, there was concern 
that the disposal may malm 
Grand Met — the subject of 
considerable takeover specu- 
lation - a juicier target for a 
predator now that one of its 
troublesome activities has 
been removed. 

The sale' of Liggett, to a 
corporation controlled by a 
New York investor, Mr Ben- 
nett LeBow, comes two-and-a- 
haif years after Grand Met 
came dose to selling the 
business to its own manage- 
ment for £230 million. 

But negotiations came un- 
stuck and cigarette profits 
plunged as Liggett became 
caught in a fierce price-cutting 
war from which it has now re- 

The operation, which trades 
as Liggett and Myers, is based 
in Durham, North Carolina, 
the home of America's to- 
bacco industry and its best- 
known brands include L & M, 
Chesterfield. Lark, and Eve, as 
well as a range of private-label 

Last year, it earned 

£780,000 on a turnover of I 
£487 million, but earnings 
have improved sharply in the 
nine months of this year to 
more than £17 million. 

Grand Met paid £191 mil-| 
lion for the Liggett group in 
1980, but has now raised £212 1 
million from the sale of its! 
tobacco interests. 

The continuing boom in 
I consumer spending and the 
devaluation of sterling against 
the mark have made the 
British raanaufacturing in- 
dustry more optimistic about 
its order prospects for the next 
four months than at any time 
since April 1985. the Confed- 
eration of British Industry 
(CBI) claims, after its latest 
quarterly survey of industrial 

And industry is more 
optimistic about exports after 
a period of deep gloom in the 

Output, orders and exports 
were flat in the third quarter, 
but now the CBI expects 
industrial output in the final 
three months of the year to be 
I per cent higher than in the 
same quarter of 1985. 

CBI economists have 
changed their forecast for the 
year of a 0.5 per cent drop in 
manufacturing output to a 0.5 
per cent rise. 

Mr David Wjggiesworth, 
chairman of the CBl's eco- 
nomic situation committee 
said: “The evidence of an 
upturn after the disappoint- 
ingly flat trend in the first nine 
months of the year is en- 
couraging, particularly the im- 
proved prospects for exports. 
However, the consumer boom 
is tending to suck in imports 
rather titan benefit manufac- 
turers here in Britain." 

The CBI estimates that 45 
per cent of any rise in con- 
sumer spending is met by 
imports, and that this propor- 
tion rises as discretionary 
spending increases. 

Industry's optimism does 
not extend to jobs. The CBI 
expects job losses in manufac- 
turing to accelerate from 6,000 
a month to 8,000 until 

Eight per cent of the 
survey's respondents plan to 

The chairman. Sir Stanley 
Grinstead, has been criticized 
in the City for failing to sell the 
Liggett business before tbe 
price-cutting began. 

He said: “We are delighted 
with the positive impact 
which the move into the US \ 
market has had on our opera- ] 
lions. It has enabled us to i 
establish a strong trading base 
in tbe US at the same time as 
securing vital wines and spir- 
its distribution arrange- 

Halpem and Conran 
resolve their dispute 

By Onr City Staff 

Mr Eric Franlds, analyst at 
the broker Phillips & Drew, 
said the sale of Liggett had 
fetched less than expected. 
“But I do not think it was 
worth holding out for a little 
bit extra. The Liggett ac- 
quisition has been a good one 
for the group, leaving them 
with some valuable busi- 

Grand Met shares were lp 
ahead at 436p. 

The long-running dispute 
between Sir Ralph Halpem, 
chairman of Burton Group, 
and Sir Terence Conran, 
chairman of Storehouse, over 
promises made during Bur- 
ton's bid for Debenhams last 
year has been resolved. 

Conran Design Group will 
redesign the Harvey Nichols 
flagship store and about 400 
Burton menswear stores. 
Storehouse win also be offered 
space in tbe 66 Debenhams 
stores, but probably about 10 
per cent rather than the 20 per 
cent envisaged under the orig- 
inal agreement 
The original 20 per cent 
option on Debenhams shares 
granted to Sir Terence was 
dropped some time ago. 

Sir Ralph and Sir Terence 
fell out over their deal when 

the Habitat-Mothercare group 
merged with British Home 
Stores to form Storehouse. 

The space bring made avail- 
able to Storehouse, as Deben- 
hams stores are modernized, 
will not be for BHS mer- 
chandise but could include 
Habitat, Richards, and 

Sir Terence said yesterday 
he was very pleased the issue 
had been happily resolved as it 
“was uncomfortable for both 
of us". 

Debenhams is meanwhile 
continuing with its galleria 
plans without Conran. The 
sixty-seventh store opens in 
Preston on Friday and has 
been designed around the 
galleria concept. Fitch & Co is 
the design company involved. 

M&S interim 
profit 13% 
np at £155m 

By Oar Qfy Staff 


Marks and 
Britain's premier retailer, 
made pretax profits in tbe half j 
to September 27 of 1 
.6 million, a rise of 13.1 
per cent on the previous first 

Profits rose 14.8 per cent in 
Britain and 163 per cent in 
Europe, but the Canadian 
subsidiary made a loss of £1.7 
million compared with a 
profit of £700,000. 

Lord Rayner, the chairman, 
said British clothing sales were 
good even though poor sum- 
mer weather depressed sales of 
seasonal lutes. 

The initial launch of fur- 
niture has been well received 
and will be in 21 stores by the 
end of this year. 

The charge card is 
' 13,000 new subscribers a 
and accounting for 1 1 percent 
of British sales. There are now 
more than 1.3 million 

The interim dividend was 
increased to 1.4p from 1.25p. 

Tempos page 29 

Home loans go to market 

The first folly 
backed security in Britain is 
set to be launched by National 
Home Loans Corporation, the 
specialistmortgageleiider, be- 
fore Christmas and will mark 
the start of a secondary mort- 
gage market. 

Mr Richard Lacy, foe 
corporation's chief executive, 
said yesterday the company 
had more than £300 million in 
home loans on its books and 
was ready to securitize part of 
its lending* The security was 
likely to be in the form of a 
sterfmg bond foBy listed on 
foe Stock F.xrhapgp-, bat the 
precise method of 

securitization had not yet been 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 

almost all had been overcome. 

Announcing foe eorpo- 
ration's results Air the 16 
iJS* months to September 30, Mr 

lading midyears has led Lacy said profits had risen to 
seve ral ins t itutions t o expert- £2£ motion, compared with 

boB % 700,000 for the first six 
loans m order to move foem off 
their balance sheets and allow 
them to co n tin ue to tend more 
borne finance. 

Individual mortgages are 
‘imndted" together into a 
bond which can be traded 
between investors other 
bonds. Mr Lacy said there had 
bees technical and legal prob- 
lems in derisoq; a security for 
the British market but that 

months of operation, with a 
full dividend of 1 JK3p payable. 
The expense ratio was running 
at an average 120p per £100 of 
assets, compared with I68p 
per £100 at the time of foe 
company's launch last year. 

Mr Lacy said £286 million 
of the company’s lending de- 
rived from life companies, 
while £33 million came from 
local anfoorities. 

Wouldn't it be marvellous if you could choose how much you 
pay each month in mortgage repayment? 

It is possible. John Charcot's new flexible mortgage is quite 

It combines the advantages of a fixed interest/ floating 
interest mortgage with the possibility of reducing the monthly 
payment without prior notice. 

Unlike other mortgages, which either have a fixed interest 
rate or one that floats up and down depending on the market our 
new mortgage gives you a choice. 

You may opt for a floating rate and then change your mortgage 
to a fixed rate at a month's notice. More interesting, yon may opt 
to defier up to 30% of the payments whenever you wish. 

This means you can choose to pay less if the interest rate rises. 
Or if your other commitments rise. 

If your other expenses come down, or your income climbs 
temporarily you may opt to pay more. 

Our new mortgage is available to everyone who is looking to 
borrow between £15.001 and £250.000. up to 3.5 times a single 

It is available to purchase properties up to 100% of their 
value, although sums up to 70% can be borrowed without a status 

In short, if your income is flexible, if yonr outgoings are 
flexible, if you just don’t know enough about your future earnings, 
or even if you just don’t want to be tied down to a fixed monthly 
repayment, then our new mortgage is for you. 

Telephone us on 01 ’589 7080 for our brochure or to make 
an appointment. 

KHaioajExr mi «ai w ;k ink >rfj« 
MtararyHuuMi. 195 KnJfiittsbrid&L London SWT IRE. ‘Brl:01-5VJ 7080. 

~ I 


increase investment in plant 
and machinery over foe next 
12 months, compared with 5 
per cent at the time of the last 
survey in July. But increased 
efficiency and labour-saving 
remain the predominant 

As a result, the CBI has 
joined Midland Bank in argu- 
ing that productivity is rising 
faster than official figures 

The larger companies are 
more optimistic than the rest 
of industry about orders, out- 
put, exports and investment — 
though not jobs, the study 
reveals. The consumer prod- 
ucts sector is increasingly 
more optimistic than en- 
gineering and heavy-goods 

The CBl's report covens 
more than half of the manu- 
facturing industry and has a 
good record for predicting 
short-term changes in output. 
The latest survey was dosing 
just as the run on sterling 
forced a rise in interest rates. 

In August the CBI cut its 
overall growth forecast to 2 
per cent in 19S6 and 2.6 per 
cent in 1987, although it then 
expected a 0.5 per cent fall in 
interest rates by tbe year end. 

But the fall in sterling 
improved competitiveness, in 
terms of unit labour costs, by S 
per cent in the third quarter, 
and the CBI is likely to revise 
its overall economic forecasts 
upwards again next month. 

Tbe survey confirms the 
CBI view that inflation has 
turned up. More companies 
are expecting to raise prices. 
Exporters also hope to raise 
prices, which could lessen 
gains in output. 

• The CBI industrial trends 
survey is available as an on- 
line computer database in 
conjunction with Cisi- 













buaiiNcoj /-uv*-* rii'imv 

ia- hLaisLoartl U^lUx>LXV 1 >00 

Dow rise continues 

J . N «" York (Renter) - The 
t«e of special situations — real 
or reported takeovers and 
^^Wrings - costumed to 
inted shares in early trading 

yesterday- But bonds, which 
had helped the market for the 
last lews days, offered little 
support- The Dow Jones 










car *** §8% 

| Firestone 27% 26% [ 

Industrial average gained &01 
points to 1.849.83. On Mon- 
day. it closed 9.56 np at 

Goodyear, which has said it 

is considering a restructuring, 
rase by 44 to 48%. Transworld, 
also considering a similar 
plan, gained 144 to 4144. 

Oct Oct 
27 24 

ASA 35 % 

AAed Signal 40% 
AindSir» 68 
AOs Chums 3 V. 
Alcoa 35 v: 

Amax Inc 13’4 
ArnrdaHs 28% 
Am Brands 44% 

Am Can 84 % 

AmCyim'd 76% 
AmEfPwr 28% 
Am Express 58* 

Am Home 75% 

Am Motors 3 

Am StrmS 42% 

AmToleph 2 d 
Amoco 63% 
Armco Steal 6V. 
Asarco 14% 
Ashland 04 56% 

At RichftoW 55% 
Awbn Prods 32% 

BkteTstNY 44 
Bahkamer 14 
Bk'crt Baton 40% 
Batik of NY 58% 
Beth Steel 6% 

Brpan 45% 

Bq. Warner 37 

BnptMyers 78% 
BP. 37% 

Burton kid 36 
Burton Ntn 61% 
Sutrxnhs 7HM 
CmpHlSp 61% 
Can Pacific 11 % 
Caterpdler 37 
Ceianese 210% 
Central SW 34% 
Champion 28% 
Chase Man 35% 
ChmBkNY 43 
Chevron 42% 

Chrysler 37% 

Clark Equp 19% 
Coca Cola 37% 
Colgate 38% 
CBS 132 

C'lmOfaGas 42% 
CmbtnEng 30% 
Comwttn E2 32% 
Cons&fcs 45% 
Cn 'Nat Gas 31% 
Cons Power 14 % 
OWOata 25% 
CohxngQ 52% 
CPC bid 80% 
Crane 29% 

CulZeler 49 
Dari 8 Kraft 56% 
Deere 23% 
DeftaAIr 49% 
Detroit Ed 17% 
Digital Eq 98% 
Disney 43% 

Do^v Chom 54% 
Dresser Ind 17% 
Duke Power 45% 
DuPont 81% 
Eastern Air 9% 
Estm Kodak 58% 
Eaton Coro 71% 
Emerson El 79% 
Exxon Corp 66 % 
Fed Dot Sts 95% 
-• ejov <735 <i 

35% Fsl Chicago 29% 
40% Ftt InlBngt 54% 
86 % FnPemC 9% 
2% Ford 58 

35% FTWactwa 39% 
13 GAFCorp 38% 
28% GTE Corp 60% 
44% Gan Ccvp 77% 
85 GenDy'mcs 71% 
76% Gen dearie 75% 
28 'a Gen Inst 18% 
56% Gen MBs 64% 
74% Gen Motors 70% 
3% GnPblitny 22% 
42% Genesco 3 
23% Georgia Fac 38% 
63% Gfflate 41% 
6 % Goodnch 43% 
14% Goodyear 48% 
57% Gould Inc 19% 
55% Grace 5GH 
33% GtAtf&Tac 21% 
44% Grfted 32% 
13% Gruman Cor 25% 
40% Guff SWest 65% 
59 Heinz KJ. 41% 
6 % Hercules 56 
56% HTett-Pkrd 39% 
59% Honeywell 68 % 
45% 1 C teds 2 S% 
36% tegersofl 54% 
77% trfindSKMi 19 
37% IBM 122 

38 INCO 12% 

61 hit Paper 68 % 
74 tetTOTO 53% 
81% Irving Bank 46 % 
11 % JhnsnSJfxi 69% 
36% KatserAUn 17% 
212 Kerr McGee 27% 
34% Kmb'lyCbk 79% 
28% K Man 47% 

38% Kroger 32% 
43% LT.vTCorp 2 
41% Utton 74% 

37% Lockheed 44% 
49% Lucky Stre 34% 
19% ManVfmar 44 
37% ManvileCp 2% 
38% Mapco 53% 
132 Marine MU 48 K 

42 MtMarietta 39 
30% Masco 26% 
32% McDonalds 60% 
45 McDonnell 79% 
31% Mead 58% 
14% Merck 107% 
25% MmstaMng 109% 
52% MoUOi 38% 
76% Monsanto 71% 
29% Morgan J.P 81% 
50 Motorola 37 
55% NCR Corp 48% 
24 NLIndstrs 5% 
49% NatDfetks 43% 
17% Nat Med Eid 24 
96% NatSmcndt 9% 

43 NortekSth 82% 
53% NWBancrp 3S% 
18% OccxtitPM 29 
44% Ogden 42% 
81% ofinCorp 39% 

9% Owem-ffl 42% 
58% Pec Gas B 24% 
71% Pan Am S% 
81% Penney J.C. 75% 
66 % Pennzoa 69 
93% Peptaco 27% 
rnsraaoTken k Mate dent vNi 

1 Ptaar 
Philips PW 
PPG ted 
Rockwell bn 
Royal Dutch 

I Sara Lee 
i SFESopac 
Scott Paper 
| Sears Rbcfc 
I Shan Trans 

8 th Cal Ed 

153 S2 

Swvens JP 
Sun Comp 
Texas E Cor 
Texas test 
Texas Utts 
TRW tec 
UAL tec 
l Unlever NV 
! Un Carbide 
I UnPacCor 
: Utt Brands 
USX Corp 

Jtrn WaRsr 

W fl y erti 's er 
. Wootwcfttl 
| Xerox Coro 
! Zeroth 


Abkax 24% 24% 

! AfcnAhm 43% 44% 

; AlgomaSU 14 14 

CanPaofic 15% 15% 
| Comteco 13% 13% 

ConBethrst 24% 24% 
Hfcr/SidCan 27 26% 

HdsnBMIn 24% 24% 
Irnasco 34 33% 

Imperial 01 45 44% 

'tePme 39 38% 

Ryl uustoo 30% 30% 

i Thmsn N ‘A* 

Coffee is 

for growth’ 

By Lawrence Lever 

Coffee has the most poten- 
tial for growth on the London 
Commodity : Exchange, 
according to a MORI survey 
of LCE members. However, 
the fortunes of cocoa Futures 
are declining. 

The survey, published yes- 
terday. drew a high response, 
with SO of the 61 authorized 
floor members of the LCE 

taking part. 

The LCE trades cocoa, cof- 
fee and sugar futures and 
plans to introduce traded op- 
tions, with a new category of 
membership for options deal- 
ers, next year. 

It is also likely to allow 
“locals” — individuals trading 
on their own account — access 
to the market 

An immediate result of the 
survey is the appointment of a 
full-time LCE marketing 
director next Monday. 

Sixty per cent of the 
survey's sample said dial they 
wanted the LCE to increase its 
marketing effort in order to 
boost the ICE'S liquidity. 

Forty six per centsaid dial 
the present volume of busi- 
ness in coffee was greater now 
than in previous years. Con- 
versely, half of the sample said 
that the volume of cocoa 

business rWlineri. 

Other conclusions reached 
by the survey were; 

• LCE members put an av- 
erage 50 per cent of their 
business through the LCE. 

• Factors influencing the up- 
turn or downturn of business 
in a particular commodity are 
extraneous to the LCE, sudt as 
exchange rate fluctuations. 

• London's main advantage 
over foreign commodity 
competitors is its convenience 
in terms of its location and 
time zone. Disadvantages of 
the LCE focused on lack of 

• The LCE members prefer 
an open plan trading floor 
system, although opinion is 
divided between having trad- 
ing rings or a pit system. 

Outlook promising for 
Smallbone as interim 
profit goes up by 205% 

Smallbone, the fitted kitchen 
and bathroom company, yes- 
terday announced a 205 per 
cent increase in pretax profits 
in its first set of results as a 
public company. 

Profits before tax for the six 
months (o August 31 were 
£387,000. compared with 
£1 27,000 in the corresponding 
period last year. Profits in the 
first half last year were, how- 
ever, unusually depressed. 

The company, which came 
to the USM in June this year, 
expects a further profits in- 

By Lawrence Lever 
crease in its traditionally 
stronger second half 

Yesterday's figures reveal 
also an exceptional item — a 
provision of £197,000 for 
potential income tax liabil- 
ities. This has the effect of 
reducing the profits for the 
year to February 28, 1986 — 
the latest yearly figures pub- 
lished in the prospectus — 
from the £722,000 staled to 

Mr Chris Wilson, the fi- 
nance director, said that the 
provision had been accounted 

Tin nations defer 
action over crisis 

Jakarta (Reuter) - Leading 
tin-producing nations have 
deferred for a month any 
action to end- the current 
market crisis. Dr Subroto, the 
Indonesian mines and energy 
minister, said yesterday at the 
end of a two-day meeting. 

The Association of Tin 
Producing Countries, howev- 
er, said in a statement that the 
seven members would try to 
achieve a predictable and 
orderly depletion of surplus 

Dr Subroto, the present 
chairman of the association, 
told a press conference that 
the group's executive commit- 
tee had been assigned to study 
various options and to make 
recommendations in a month. 

World tin prices have 
slumped to about $5,700 
(about £4,051) a toane, less 
than half of what it was a year 
ago, as surplus production and 
overhanging stocks glut the 
metal market. The tin crash 
has caused big lay-ofls and 
mine closures worldwide. 

B razil and China, which 
took part in the meeting, 
pledged to co-operate with 

efforts to stabilize the tin 
market, according to the state- 
ment. However they made no 
commitment to join the 
group. Dr Subroto said that 
surplus stocks could be deplet- 
ed in three years. 

Another option being con- 
sidered is a Malaysian propos- 
al for both producers and 
consumers to use the Kuala 
Lumpur Tin Market, to create 
a reference price in the ab- 
sence of tin trading at the 
Loudon Metal Exchange, he 

for in earlier years in thej 

Turnover increased by 47 
per cent and the company's 
newly aquired bathroom 
wholesaling subsidiary — BC j 
Sanitan — contributed about ; 
£128,000 to profits. 

The company is opening a 
pilot kitchen operation in 
New York next March and is 
contemplating two further ac- 
quisitions in related fields. 

- Smallbone is paying an 
interim dividend of i.42p 

BSS buys 
for £9m 

By Alison Eadie 

BSS Group, the supplier of 
pipeline equipment, is buying 
the privately-owned Manor 
Building and Plumbing Sup- 
plies for £8.85 million. 

Manor is one of the largest 
private specialist distributers 
of copper tube and fittings in 
Britain. BSS is financing the 
deal by a £9.25 million vendor 
placing of 4.02 million shares 
with J 00 per cent clawback far 
or dinar y shareholders. 

Manor sells mainly to con- 
tractors and builders’ and 
plumbers' merchants. Turn- 
over in 1985 was £17.9 million 
and taxable profits were £1.5 
million. Net assets of Manor 
at the end of June, 1986 were 
not less than £53 million. 

BSS began distributing cop- 
per tube and fittings five years 
ago and through Manor will be 
able to increase the activity 
substantially. Hie share issue 
represents 27.9 per cent of 
BSS* existing equity and is 
available to shareholders on 
the basis of one new share at 
230p for 3.6 held. 

Brokers halt India’s 
biggest stock market 

Dutch company UK Computer Press Awards 

Bombay (Reuter) — Stock- 
brokers halted trading on 
India's biggest stock exchange 
yesterday in protest against a 
ban on forward trading. 

The ban was imposed after 
raids by income tax officials 
on the offices of several bro- 

Exchange authorities had 
kepi the market open for 
trading but ordered that all 
deals should be on a spot 
delivery basis and paid in 

Brokers could not say if 
trading would resume today 

on the exchange, which trans- 
acts a third of the value of 
shares traded on India’s 14 
stock exchanges. 

Trading was halted for two 
days last week after more than 
500 officials from the revenue 
department raided the offices 
and homes of more than 20 
brokers, seizing undeclared 
documents, cash and jewel- 

There was no trading on 
Monday as brokers settled 
business done in the post two 
weeks, exchange officials said. 

to open plant 

Northern Ireland received 
its fourth Dutch-owned indus- 
trial project yesterday when 
Van Oeric Alberton, a seat- 
belt maker, announced plans 
to open a factory in North 
Down. The site is near the 
Dundonald plant of General 
Motors, its main customer. 

The Dutch company sup- 
plies General Motors with 
seat-belt webbing. Local ex- 
perience of textile manufac- 
ture was a deriding factor in 
the choice of location, Mr 
Gerard Sleepers, the managing 
director of Alberton, said. 
Initially the company will 
employ 28 people. 

By Matthew May, Computer Horizons Editor 
Entries for the 1986 UK to the winners in the following photographic equipment). 

Computer Press Awards, 
sponsored by The Times and 
Hewlett-Packard, most be in 
by Friday. 

The awards, now iu their 
thir d year, are dcsjgBcd to 
encourage high standards of 
joarnaiisiB in a field with more 
than 200 publications. The 
winners will be announced on 
November 26 at a ceremony at 
Claridges, hosted by Mr Wil- 
liam Rnshton, the television 
and radio personality. 

Prizes, worth more than 
£10,000 in all, win be awarded 


• Computer Journalist of the 
Year (News). 

• Computer Journalist of the 
Year (Features). 

• Computer Columnist of the 

(Winners in the above cate- 
gories will each receive an HP 
Portable Pins computer and 

• Computer Journal of the 
Year. (Prize, HP desktop com- 
puter, Thmkjet {winter and a 
crate of champagne). 

• Computer Photographer of London W2 3PX (01-402 

the Year. 


worth of 








D How to invest a lump sum. a Are Off-Shore Investments for you? □ Do you need Life Insurance? 

□ Selecting the best Mortgage. □ Retirement Planning- when to start, how to do it. □ How to 
invest in Unit Trusts, a How to avoid Capital Gains Tax. □ Pensions for the Self-Employed. □ How 
to pay School Fees. □ What are Investment Trusts? □ Alternative Investment ideas -Property, 

Wine, Antiques, Precious Metals. □ Is Investing in commodities worth considering? □ Wills -do you 
have one -is it financially sound? □ Using new technology to make more profits. □ Is PEP Management 
a business to be in? □ How to raise working capital. □ Equipment Financing -how to do it? □ Stock 
market Flotations -full listing/USM/third market. □ Business and Personal Insurance -whose is best. 

□ How Employee Share Option Schemes work? □ Management Buyouts/Partnership Break-ups - what to do. 

□The Financial Services Bill and its impacL^ o Can you improve your cash management. 

□ How to choose your Stockbroker. ^ ^ n Finance and the married woman. 

• WILLIAM COOK: The • CAMCO INC (65.4 per ceni 
group is to buy Weir Foundries owned by Pearson): Cameo has 
from the Weir Group for £9.3 acquired the nitrogen and coil-j 
million, subject to a completion tubing assets of Nowsoo Ser- 
audiL This wifl be funded by a vices, a subsidiary of Big Three 
six-for-five rights issue at 180pa Industries, for $5.4 million 
share, to raise £10-25 million, (£3.84 nuHion). Cameo wifl 
after expenses. Cook has also continue the oil field and indus- 
been granted an option, exercis- trial services of Nowsco in its 
able in the next two years, to buy principal markets under the 
Holbrook Precision Castings name of Nowsco. 

(also a Weir qffihoot) for £3.6 « BVCO: Third quarter of 1 986. 

JV , Net earnings $1.6 million (£1.13 

2.25p ( 1.75p) for the half-year to 
Sept 30. Turnover £5.96 million 

million), against $11.6 million 
last time. First nine months; 

SI. 8 million (£1.28 million^ 
OB3M0 ,£497.000). Earnings against $44.6 million. These 
per sha re 10 .44p (5.96p). results were achieved in spite of 

• CHE STERFIELD PROP- sharp reductions in primary 
EKTIES: First half of 1986. nickel price realizations. 

Interim dividend 5p (4.5p), • PHILIPS LAMP& The corn- 
payable on Nov. 28. Turnover pany and R R Donnelley and 
£6.42 million (£5.77 million). Sons have the formed Opdmage 
Pretax profit £3.86 million Interactive Services, a joraily- 
(£3.65 million). Earning * per owned venture with operations 

pany and R R Donnelley and 
Sons have the formed Opnmage 
Interactive Services, a jointly- 


M 3 NEY 86 opens at London's Olympia on the 
30th October until 2nd November. Four days 
of expert advice and ideas in a relaxed and informal 
atmosphere, from over 260 leading financial 
and investment organisations and personalities. 
• FREE Show Catalogue and Investment Guide. 

Big Bang explained in one easy lesson. 

FREE Daily Seminars to all visitors (seats 
allocated on a first come first served basis). 
Specialist Advice Centres on Unit Trusts, 
Financial Management Services, Futures and 
Options and Off-shore Investments. 



£4.00 ENTRANCE FEE. O.A.P.S £2.00. 

SW iW MAN.V.FMENT FIE FEWUM * DAESTXIF.NT EVENT -i LTV . a.. J'.. LuV.T.t & *TL !•> \l>. ril KlKiM- si K* KV TAu jLi. 

share 12.65pill.19p). 

Total dividend raised to 7.61 p 
(6.9 Ip) for the year to June 30. 
Turnover £3432 milli on (£38.6 
million). Pretax profit £11.08 
million (103 million). Earnings 
per share 23.6p (I6.0p). Net 
assets: £87 million (£78.1 mil- 
lion) or 249p (226p) per share. 

months to July 31. Turnover 
£3.99 million (£3.11 million). 
Pretax profit £65.000 (loss 
£75,000). Earnings per share: 
basic 0.48p (0.44p loss). ECobric 
plans to raise about £1.3 million 
by an underwritten rights issue. 


NATIONAL: First half of 1986. 
Turnover UK £2.08 million 
(£1.1 million); electronic di- 
vision £4.78 million (£3.43 rail- 
lionj: Canadian associate 
Can$49.35 million (£25.23 mfl- 
lioaj. against Can $39.44 mil- 
lion. Pretax profit £91 6,672 (loss 
£514,729). Earnings per share 
3.7p floss 3.9p). 


CORPORATION: Six months 
to June 30. Pretax profits 
£184.091 — up 41 per cent on the 
similar period Iasi year. Earn- 
ings per share 0.79p (0.50p). 

HOLDINGS: The group has 
disposed of one of its subsid- 
iaries which is unrelated to 
printing, packaging and plastics 
— its main activities. Fred 
Wright and Sons (Supplies) has 
been sold to HeaUi Engineering 
Products (Manchester), which 
has similar interests in distribut- 
ing fasteners, for £1 75.000 cash. 

• EXTEL GROUP: The group 
headquarters building is to be 
disposed of as Extel finalizes 
plans to separate management 
fiuin trading activities. Extei 
House, just behind Fleet Street, 
has contained the headquarters 
as well as ihe racing and sports 
scrv ices since Extei look a long 
lease on the building in 1956. 
Evict expects considerable an- 
nual savings from the move. 
The eonporace headquarters will 
be in a small, central London 

in the US and Europe. Optimage 
will provide studio production 
and related services to the 
authors and publishers of 
materials being written for the 
new compact-disc interactive 

New towns 
will pass 
£lbn sales 

By Judith Hnntley, 
Commercial . 

Property ComsimdeDt 

The CoMmfasiea for the 
New Towns, the quango 
responsible for seflmg the 
property assets of the English 
new towns, says ft will reach 
the £1 bBlioa mark fa fire 
years’ time, beating British 
Airways fat the raze of politic ; 
assets sold. 

The chairman of the j 
commissioa, S fr NeD Shields, | 
said it had sold £93.7 milli on j 
of assets in the year to March | 
31, 1986, £17 mnifaa above 
the Government's target. 

A farther £75 nriUkm trf 
sales were agreed, of which j 
£20 milHo w were completed 
early in the aew financial year. 
The Commission has sold 
more than £500 mSBian of 
property ranee 1979. 

There is still a long way to 
go hi the sale of new town 
assets. The Commission's es- , 
tate was rained at £721 nuDin | 
before including assets from ; 
Basihkm, the Essex new town. : 

It will, however, be mcreas- 
ingiy hard to sefi so ranch 
property as die assets remain- 
ing are less commercially 
attractive. There wifl be por- 
ticriar difficulties in disporing 
of assets at Runcorn, the new 
town near Liverpool, which 
has been hard hit by recession. 

Bingiey and 


to merge 

By Robert Rodwetl' 

The Progressive Building 
Society, one of Northenl 
Ireland's two indigenous 
buflding societies, is to merge 
with the Bradford & Bingiey 
Building Society, in the 
United Kingdom, to prepare 
for competition with high 
street banks. 

The board of the Progres- 
sive • met Mr Stephen 
Spilsbury, general manager of 
Bradford & Bingiey, in Beifest 
yesterday. The 25,000 mem- 
bers at the Progressive will be 
asked to approve a merger at a 
special general meeting. 

The society, which has nine 
braoches, has assets of about 
£100 millio n and commands 4 
or 5 per cent of the Northern 

Ireland mortgage market The 

Bradford & Bingiey has two 
branches in Northern Ireland 
and 250 throughout Britain. 

The three biggest societies 
operating in Northern Ireland, 
the Halifax, Abbey National 
and Nationwide, have about 
55 per cent of the Ulster 

The Progressive has wanted 
a marriage with a larger 
mainland society for about 
two years, ever since the scope 
of the new legislation, which 
next year wifl lead to the 
second Big Bang, became 

New Woolwich 
Interest Rates 

from 1st November 1986 


“paid half yearly 
tpaid warlv 

for taxpayers at the 
basic rale of 

ACCOUNTS 6-00% 8.58% 
ACCOUNTS 6.50% 9.15% 

S 5 Q 0 -& 4.999 8 . 00% 1 

• Best Designed Journal of 
the Year. (Crate of 

• Technology Programme 

the Year. (Crate of 

champ a gn e). 

All winners wifl also receive 
engraved silver trophies. 

Entries most be based on 
technology or computing sub- 
jects that have been printed or 
broadcast betwee n November 
1 , 1985 and October 31, 1986. 

• Further information from 
Horsley Associates, Capital 
House, 20-22 Craven Road. 

S 500 -& 4.999 

& 5 . 000 -& 9.999 




mooo*- 8.55%' 12.04% 

ACCOU^ 8.75% 12.59°/ 

For savers not ordinarily . . . ■ 

resident in tiie UK, interest is 11 / 1 10 / 
at the gross rate of I !■« U /O 


r* jr/iM p jUI 


The rate of interest on all other personal accounts wiH be 
increased by 0.75% from 1st November 1986. 


The specified iate of interest chaiged on new mortgages for 
foe purchase or improvement of owner-occupied residential 
roperty is now:- ; . 

1225% 8.698% 

■ faiaHV /U naiwpqMfateaneftgittefcHfiiwdh 

- mortgage taqoisi aaieSH a 

The rate of interest charged on existing mortgages will be 
increased by L25% on 1st November 1986 or 1st Ceoember 1986 
or 1st February 1987 in accordance with the terms of the 
mortgage contracts. Details of revised monthly payments will be 
sent to endowment borrowers in the course of the next few days. 

Where an offer of a mortgage has been made but not 
completed, foe interest rate quoted will be increased by 1.25?>i 
with effect from 1st November 1986. In foecase of offers made 
for additional mortgages the increased rate will apply from the 
date on which the principal mortgage rate changes. Details of the 
amount of the revised monthly payments will be notified 
following completion, or can be obtained from the issuing 

Written details of Woolwich mortgages are available on 
request from your local branch or the address below. 



Chief Office: Equitable House, London SE18 6AB 

New Nationwide Rates 

From November I st 1986 





Capital Bonus 

6.00% net 

CI-C499 6.25% net 

£500 plus 7.75% net 

(£100 -£499 existing accounts only 6.25% net) 

£500-£1 ,999 
£25,000 .and over 

£500- £9 ,999 
£25,000 and over 

7.75% net 
8.00% net 
8.25% net 
8.50% net 
8.75% net 

8-50% net 
8.75% net 
9.00% net 

INTERNATIONAL £1-£9,999 11.00% 

ACCOUNT £10JM)0-£24,999 11.50% 

£25,000 and over 12.00% 

The interest is paid gross. Available only to those not ordinarily resident in UK. 



The rate of interest paid on all other Investment accounts except Treasurers 
Accounts will be increased by 0.75% from 1 povember.3986. 

MORTGAGES . . 12.25% 

The rate of interest charged on existing mortaras (browner occupier - 
borrowers win be 12.25% from 1st November 1986.^ This rate hasuppbed 
to new advances ©nee 25th October 1986. 


NatMtwsie fiuttftig Sotwt* New Orford House. Wgh Ht*on» 1 LendOflWClV^ttl 


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US ha cking 
grows for 
IMF chief 



The continuing European 
railure to agree on a eandMai* 

..J ag ? e on a candidate 
to head the InternationaJ 
Monetary Fund has produced 

?hln U “S^ 11 of su PPOrt in 
Sw 0 ""*®"" for breaking 
wuh tradition and naminp a 
Japanese officiaL 

American officials . con- 
nrmed yesterday that the 
Reagan Administration may 
have to use its de facto vote to 
break the stalemate which has 
developed over the can- 
didacies of Mr H Onno 
Ruding, the Dutch finance 
minister, who is supported by 
Britain, West Germany and 
? t 5. er nations, and of M 
Michel Camdessus, governor 
of the Bank of France, fa- 
voured by a group of smaller 

Support is growing within 
the Administration in favour 
of a Japanese candidate, 
according to a high-level' 
American official, who sgid 
the name of Mr Toyoo 
Goyohten, vice- minister of 
finance, is often mentioned. 

In recent weeks, newspapers 
have been carrying articles 
urging the American govern- 
ment and European nations to 
break with tradition and allow 
the Japanese to taka their 
rightful position as a world 
economic power by beading 
the multilateral institution. - 

Fo r all its wealth, Japan 
remains too insular in world 
finance, according to the New 
York Times. 

The US. which traditionally, 
names the head of the World 
Bank, has deferred to Europe 
on the selection of a successor 
to M Jacques de Larosier, the 
sixth European director of the 
IMF. But. as the stalemate 
over a successor has length- 
ened, the Administration's 
impatience has grown. 

It was even suggested earlier 
by some officials that Mr Paul 
Volcker, the independent 
chairman of the US Federal 
Reserve Board, should be put 
forward as a candidate if 
Europe failed to act. 

For the past 40 years there 
has been an unwritten rule 
that an American would head 
the World Bank, and a Euro- 
pean the IMF. At the annual 
meetings in September of the 
bank and the IMF, it was 

Onno Ruding; favoured 

by Britain 

suggested for the first time 
that a Japanese candidate 
should be considered. 

But Mr Kiichi Miyazawa, 
the finance minister, said that, 
although Japan has several 
well-qualified candidates, 
none was interested in leaving 
domestic politics to take the 

Indeed, although the sugges- 
tion was taken seriously by 
world finance ministers, most 
said it would be difficult to 
break with tradition the first 
time round and name a Japa- 
nese. “Maybe next time said 
a high-level IMF official. 

US officials said yesterday 
that Japan would have to be 
pressed into taking the 
responsibility that goes with 
more authority in world af- 
fairs and the IMF directorship 
was one way of doing this. 


A ghostly atmosphere in 
traders’ brave new world 

By Carol Leonard 

The London stock market 
experienced its first full day in 
the brave new world yes- 
terday, with the traditional 
trading floor of the exchange 
described as a “ghost town” as 
market-makers increasingly 
made use of their comput- 
erized screens in their new, hi- 
tech offices. 

A break-down in Topic, the 
Stock Exchange’s electronic 
share price information ser- 
vice, for almost three-quarters 
of an hour at lunch-time, 
provided the only technical 

Stockbrokers who persisted 

Atired Lyons- 
due for a re-rating? 



• Baras Anderson, the 

HimMfi wrhflnt Mat jn 

Manchester, looks cheap. 
The company, already a h- 
censed deposit-taker, is on 
the brink of buying a prorm- 
dal stockbroker, which 
wffl give it membership of the 
Stock Exchange. Yes- 
terday, its shares held steady 

in using their boxes aroond 
the perimeter of the trading 
floor complained about the 
lack of atmosphere and said 
they found it .almost impos- 
sible to get any “led” for foe 
mood of the market. 

One market man com- 
mented: ‘it’s been very quiet 
and there just aren't any 
stories around.** 

The FT 30 Share index 
dosed near its lowest level of 
the day, down 2.1 at 1,255.6. 
The broader-based FT-SE 100 
index which opened a fraction 
higher, up 0.1 of a point, also 
dosed lower, down 2.6 at 

Gilts also saw little action. 
They opened about £% higher 
at foe longer end and then 
drifted lower, doting £*fc eas- 

ier in the shorts and mixed in 
the longs. 

Among leading equities, 
Beecham gained 5pto 423p on 
confirmation of the exclusive 
story in this column earlier 
this mouth that it is to seO its 
soft drinks division to Britan- 
nia Soft Drinks in a £120 

milli on deal. 

Cadbury Schweppes also 
gamed 5p to 192p on news ofa 
joint venture with Coca-Cola, 
GEC put on 6p to J70p, ICT 
5p to 1074p and Glaxo 6p to 
916p. Headed for lower 
ground were Thorn EMI, 5p 
worse at 449p and Lacas down 
7p to 446p. 

Kleinwort Grieveson, the 
broker, was a big buyer of 
ADIed-Lyons, the food and 
drinks group, snapping up 
more than 1 million shares for 
clients in a £3 mini mi spend- 
ing spree. Its dealings made up 
a si gnifican t slice of the total 
turnover of 3-2 million shares 
traded in the company yes- 
terday and lifted the shares by 
6p to 307p. 

Reports, however, that 
Kiemwort had just published 
a circular on the group were 
wrong. Mr Victor MacColl, a 
leading leisure analyst at 
Kleinwort, said: “It's just that 


Fiores in this section refer to Monday's trading 

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Br Ftaotoum 









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we think a lot of other broken 
have got their sums wrong on 
the Hiram Walker purchase 
and we think foe shares are 
very cheap.” 

Kleinwort said that most 
brokers have calculated their 
1987 profit forecasts for the 
group by adding in 51 percent 
ofHtram Walker’s profits. Bat 
it said that if a parent com- 
pany has control of another 
company's assets — Allied 
owns 51 per cent of Hiram — 
then, according to British 
accountancy principles, it is 
entitled to include 100 per 
cent of the subsidiary's profits. 

On this basis, Kleinwort is 
now forecasting profits for 
Allied of £324 million for the 
year to February, 1987 and 
£434 million for 1988 — 
compared with predictions 
from other brokers of about 
£370 million for 1988. 

Elsewhere in the brewing 
sector. Grand Metropolitan 
firmed just l_5p to 43&5p on 
the news that it has sold 
Liggett Myers, its US generic 
cigarette business, to Bennett 
S Le Bow for $137 million 
(£97 million). The price dis- 
appointed some Oty brokers, 
but the foot that the sale 
includes the transfer of all 
legal liability is expected to 
put the company under a 
more positive spotlight during 
the next couple of days. 

Gnmness put on 2J>p to 
317.5p after a profits up- 
grading for 1987 by L Messel, 
the broker, from £427 minio n 
to £465 minion. The new 
estimate puts the company on 
a prospective p/e for next year 
of 9.5. The shares are expected 
to get an additional boost on 
November 14 when the com- 
pany gets an ADR facility, via 
a sponsored issue by the Bank 
of New York. 

Matthew Brown spurted an- 
other 13p to 568p and 
Buttonwood 32p to 652p. 

Stores were mixed with 
Sears, the Selfridges to 
Mappin & Webb retail group, 
once again the most talked 
about stock-The latest chatter 
is that several institutional 
fund managers have been 
buying the stock for their 
nal accounts, claim mg to 
w something the rest ofthe 
market does not know. The 
shares responded by edging up 
0.5p to 132p. 

Moss Bros, the clothes hirer 
and retailer which is sitting on 
a valuable Covent Garden 
site, was the highest riser, 
climbing by 17p to 505p and 
Aqutscutana improved 15p to 
215p. Marts and Spescer, 
meanwhile, slipped 6p to 
195p, Body Shop 5p to 665p 
and Burton 2p to 268p. 

Oils drifted lower, amid a 
general feeling of nervousness 
about the sector. BP dipped 
1 6p to 642p, Shell also fed 16p 
to 879p, Bnmah 5p to 344p, 
Ultramar 4p to 147p and IC 
Gas a couple of pence to 573p. 

Wimpey, the house builder, 
hardened 2L5p to 1 78. 5p in an 
otherwise uneventful budding 
sector, following a lunch the 
company had yesterday at 
Rowe & Pitman, the broker. 
The lunch is said to have gone 
well and Rowe & Pitman is 


Funds wake up with the Bang 

With so many new market- 
makers appearing on the 
London equities scene after 
Big Bang, the Stock Ex- 
change’s traded options mar- 
ket seems set for a period of 
explosive growth. 

As more and more com- 
panies take bigger equity po- 
sitions (m to their books, the 
need for managing that risk 
grows apace. Options in in- 
dmdttal shares mid the Finan- 
cial Times-Stock Exchange 
(FT-SE) 100-share index pro- 
vide one of the easiest ways to 
cover this exposure. 

According to Mr Bernard 
Reed of the Stock Exchange's 
options development group, 
about half of the 35 leading 
market-makers be has spoken 
to are now folly geared up to 

operate in the options market 
and the other half are prepar- 
ing to do so. 

In addition, a new breed of 
“pure” options trader is com- 
ing to light O'Connor, a 
Chicago options specialist, 
has just joined the Exchange 
and discussions are being foam 
with another American com- 
pany interested in signing up. 

Big Bang compounds a year 
of rapid growth for the Stock 
Exchange's options market 
that has seen average daily 
volume grow by about 140 per 

At times the explosion has 
proved too much for the 
Exchange's computers. The 

en ti r e market foiled to open 
one day in the spring when the 
bargain matching system was 
befog apgyded , and die over- 
load sights flashed red alert mi 
several other occasions. 

The options development 
group da fats the problems 
have been ironed on and says 
the system now in place can 
cope with almost anything the 
market has to throw at it The 
capacity is 1 00,000 contracts a 
day and a system to cope with 
200,000 contracts is in the 
workshop. The volmne is run- 
ning at an average 20,000 lots 
a day, although a lofty record 
of 68,000 contracts was set on 
October 10 when the TSB 
made fts debut. 

Part of the growth has come 

from a gradual awakening of 
institutional investors to the 
uses of the options market. An 
options salesman with one 
leading securities bon y said : 
Two years ago most institu- 
tions didn't want to look at the 
options market Today, they 
are still sot all using it by a 
long way, but most of them 
have accepted the need to 
know what’s going on there.” 

At the same time, the more 
progressive fond mana ge r s 
who stack their toe in earfier. 
thaw the rest are now wading' 
is deeper. 

Mr Reed says a similar 
wave of interest is now 
developing among tire puWk, 
althoug h many would question 

flip wisdom of marketing such 
leveraged and therefore vol- 
atile instruments to 
investors. He reports an 
astonishing response to a 
Stock Exchange advertise- 
ment for an options informa- 
tion l eaflet ptaed at the time 
of the TSB branch. 

bit of both, with LiSe trying to 
establish its FT-SE fotmes 

and options separately from 
achamre. Vo 

As the volmne of options 
grows, so nadoubtedly win 
their inffoence os the nnder- 
lying equities market Anyone 
doubting their potential over 
the “real” market has only to 
look at the US, where the 
“triple witching hour” of vi- 
olent market movements oc- 
curs em three moothswhen 

three optious and futures con- 
tracts in stock indexes and 
shares coincide and hage 
amount of shares are bought 
and said simultaneously. Bat 
the practice has already at- 
tracted the attention of the 
Securities and Exchange 
Commissioa which has been 
looking at ways to dampen the 
huge swings that occm. The 
chances of sack a phenomenon 
hitting London seem unlikely, 
particularly in the foreseeable 
future. The securities' options 
and futures markets are for 
from synchronized and will 
never be so antD the Stock 
Exchang e and the London 

International F inancial Fu- 
tures Exchange (Liffe) decide 
whether they want to be 
friends or rivals. 

the Stock Fixchaii g c . Vohuues 
in both contracts on liffe are 
small at present and no doubt 
the two exchanges will one day 
work together rather than 

What might be seen more 
visibly m Loudon is the case of 
the nail wagging tire dog”, 
where movements in the op- 
tions of a share tr igg er direct 
price movements in the imder- 
lying stock. 

Theoretically, this too is 
still a long way off. Average 
turnover in the options market 
is only 6 per cent of equity 
bargains and it is rare for the 
figure to exceed 8 per cent of 
any one share’s issued capital. 

In practice, we have prob- 
ably already seen some dog- 
wagging and win see more as 

the options market grows in 
The open- 

size and -stature, rue open- 
outcry system used for options 
can make it easy to spot if a 
particular market-maker is 
building up a Urge position in 
a stock, the size of which is 
bound to become inflated by 
report and rum ou r as it wends 
its nay hack to the equity 
trading floor and dealfog 

At the moment, they arc a 

Unless of course, someone 
were to han dealers from 
talking to each other. 

now believed to be a buyer of 
the shares. 

Wfltiam Cook, the Sheffield 
steel foundry group, which has 

seen its shares rise by 200 ^er 

cent in the past 18 roon 
lost 5p to 210p after a six-for- 
five rights issue at I80p, to 
raise £10.3 million. The com- 
pany also announced yes- 
terday that it was buying the 
foundry businesses of the 
Weir Group in a £9.3 million 
cash deal The acquisition will 
boost Cook’s turnover four- 
fold and double its pretax 

Another Sheffield company, 
Aurora, the engineer, went up 
2p to 70.5p, ahead of 

• Scottish Teleririon’s 
shares could be in for a boost 
after yesterday's institu- 
tional tench, hosted by Wood 
Mack enzie , the broker. 
Wood Mac described the 
lunch— attended by Mr 

director — as “confident* 
and said It will coatiiue to be 
buyers of the stock. 

number of bullish brokets' 
circulars which are expected 
to be published in the mext 
couple of days. The City is 
forecasting profits of at least 
£10.5 million for the current 

A ruling by the courts in 
Florida that insurance com- 
panies must cut their pre- 
mium rates knocked some of 
the wind out of Royal Insur- 
ance, which tumbled 12p to 
832p. The fell wipes more 
than £26 million off Royal's 
market capitalization. Fears 
about the effects of the ruling 
on Royal's profits were, how- 
ever, bring dismissed by some 
analysts in London. 

Mr David Threadgold, the 
insurance specialist at Laing & 
Cruickshank, the broker, said* 
“It’s not even a storm in a tea 
cup, more a storm in a saucer. 
It’s not a state in which Royal 
is paniartarly big.** 

The insurance industry in- 
tends to appeal against the 
ruling to the US Supreme 
Court, but even if that is 

nwqif^yetfid , ft means that 

Royal will lose just $1 million 
of its US premium income. 

Other composite insurers 
were mixed Commercial* 
Unfed lost 4p to 290p on 
profit-taking, while General 
Accident gained 5p to 844p 
and Guardian Royal 2p to 

Trade Indemnity spurted 
I5p to 235p on the back of a 
new, glossy circular on the 
company, published yesterday 
by the insurance team at Laing 
& Cruickshank. 

The partly-paid TSB shares 
eased by 0-25p to 8(X25p, with 
the institutions still refuting to 
be drawn into the market. 

COMMENT Kenneth Fleet 

A statutory regime 
stalks the market 

There is a belief — strenghened with 
every tortuous phase in the Financial 
Services Bill’s progress through Par- 
liament — that the City, sooner or 
later, will be patrolled by statutory 
commissioners on Government 
leashes. This development is 
prophesied by some with resignation, 
by others with appro vaL 
Politicians will be the ultimate 

this background the panel felt com- 
pelled to "deplore the fact that neither 
Hill Samuel, Gazenove nor Midland 

Bank consulted the Panel executive." 

Later in the judgement the Panel 

“The frequent involvement of 
Cazenove as professional advisers in 
bid situations makes their lapse the 

judges. A future Labour government more surprising. Given the emphasis 

is committed already to the cause of 
more statutory authority. For their 
part the Conservatives are likely to 
respond to the first financial scandal 
that threatens to be electorally damag- 
ing with a clone of the American 
Securities and Exchange Commission. 

While waiting for one or the other, 
the self-regulatory system will come 
under pressure from lawyers, expen- 
sively hired by leading City firms who 
either reach for them habitually, that 
is,the Americans, or resort to them 
when their clients* — and their own — 
interest is likely to be better served by 
the letter than the spirit. 

If you do not believe this 1 refer you 
to the case of Turner & Newall and AE 
which so exercised the Takeover 
Panel (interpreter and upholder of the 
City Code) that it felt compelled to 
censure eminent firms — Hill Samuel, 
Midland Bank, another dealing bank, 
and Cazenove — for the way they 
saved AE from T & Ws unwanted 

Hill Samuel Group agreed with HS 
Investment Management that HSIM 
would neither assent shares held for 
discretionary clients until the offer 
became unconditional nor sell in the 
market. HS Group would make good 
any shortfall between the eventual 
sale price and the 240p cash alter- 
native offer from T&N. 

HS Group addressed itself to the 
question of whether disclosure was 
required and concluded that it was 
not. The Panel judgement stated: 

“The Panel is at a loss to 
understand how HSG came to this 
conclusion and deplores the feet that 
HSG did not test that conclusion by 
consulting tbe Panel executive as the 
Code urges that practitioners should 
do in any case of doubt** 

The arrangement with the two 
banks was similar. 

Cazenove, the brokers, said 
that it consulted its lawyers and 
were given the opinion that disclosure 
was not required. A second opinion 
agreed with the first 

Midland's lawyers were of the same 
mind. The second bank (not Midland) 
took the view that the transaction 
should be disclosed and did disclose 
it Hill Samuel and Cazenove were 
aware of the second bank' s conclusion 
that disclosure was required. Against 

laid by the Code on the importance of 
the spirit as well as the letter of the 
Code and on the Panel as the proper 
source of interpretations the seeking 
of legal advice cannot be regarded as a 
substitute for consultation.'* 

In other words all the offenders 
behaved exactly as if we had a 
statutory code already where legal 
opinion is all. 

Great gilt test 

Today is an interesting first test for the 
new gilt-edged market. Applications 
have to be in by 10am for the new £1 
billion of Treasury 10 per cent 
Convertible 1991. From the Bank of 
England's point of view, it would be 
gratifying to see the new stock ofT to a 
healthy start. No SEAQ failures in our 
market, old boy! 

Yesterday, however, it looked as if 
the gilt-edged market, where there are 
now 27 market-makers where once 
there were two-and-a-half jobbers, 
was behaving as in days of yore. Then 
the market’s trick, in advance ofa new 
gilt, was to drive the market down, 
make the stock at the issue price 
relatively unattractive and sub- 
sequently buy it from the Govern- 
ment Broker at a bargain price.The 
manouevre would be completed by 
the jobbers driving the market up 
again and unloading stock at hand- 
some profits to themselves. 

The behaviour in the market yes- 
terday made one strongly suspect that 
two of the big market-makers were 
prepared to play the old game of 
shaking the apples off the tree. There 
is some risk in this, largely however 
theoretical, in that with 25 other 
market-makers around, they might 
not be able subsequently to buy the 
stock on their own, preferred terms. 

The other big question, is what do 
the smaller market-makers do in such 
a situation? Do they not put in bids 
this morning because they regard the 
stock as temporarily unattractive at 
the minimum tender price of £96 ft 
per cent? Or, fearing they may be left 
with nothing do, they play safe and 

It is a test of the new telephone 
market — and a test of nerves. 


Sunday, October 26th, was Bus Deregulation Day 
(outside London). 

This simply means that there will no longer be 
unnecessary restrictions over starting a new bus service. 

It’s a radical step so. naturally, it’s one which comes 
with some conditions. But provided you meet those 
conditions and have safe and suitable vehicles, you can 

You don’t need traditional buses. A coach, a minibus, 
or even a taxi will do. Any vehicle, in fact, which meets 
the safety requirements for the job you have in mind. 

In order to register a new service, you will need a 
Public Service Vehicle (PSV) operator's licence, and 
you must have adequate maintenance arrangements. 
Whoever drives your bus must also hold a PSV driver's 

The Transport Act 1985 means that bus operators 
have much more freedom to run local bus services. 

A broad network of deregulated services has already 
been set up to meet consumer needs. 

But in this competitive environment, there are 
plenty of opportunities for new entrants. 

Perhaps you could find a gap in the current services. 
Outperform an existing operator on price and quality. 
Provide a service that's more tailored to local needs. Or 
bid fora subsidised local authority bus contract. 

So long as you are within the safety and licensing 

requirements, opportunities are now there. 

If you are interested, complete this coupon and 
you'll be sent free booklets which will answer your 
questions in detail. 



To: Department ofTransport, 

PO Box 78. Camberley, Surrey GU15 3DL. 



I Postcode. 


Appftes to Great Brtifet only 

DflWUH<MT ernwPQKr 













*• • 

'\\!H IS 

No matter what changes at The Stock Exchange, one thing 
remains constant. 

Our commitment to use every technique available to main- 
tain a well-regulated and orderly market. 

That’s why, over the years, our team of watchdogs has become 
by far the largest, the most effective and the most experienced of any 
financial marketplace in the UK. 

Today, two separate forces protect investors’ interests. 

The Quotations Department ensures that any company seek- 
ing to raise money in the market presents a full and true picture of its 
financial position. 

In the Surveillance Division alone, over 50 people police the 
daily workings of the market, to ensure that investors get a fair deal. 

And now a new level of investor protection is in place. 
The Stock Exchange’s new screen-based information systt 
SEAQ, which opened on 27th October, and its long established set 
ment system Talisman, automatically maintain a record of evi 

bargain which is struck in the market. 

In this way the Surveillance Division has available an ; 
mediate incontrovertible record of everything which has happen 
and investors are better-protected . TUri 

than ever before. 1 H K 

Conclusive proof, if any STOCK 

were needed, that at The Stock .FYPHAXTP 

Exchange, our watchdogs can ^sr-' lh AVjJjLnu.M 

always learn new tricks. A marlffii ili nMMn 



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Hampton. Rode. Amstrad. valor, PenUsw. Slone. BtadciLaiaure, Souteond SwSunv 

City s niffs at good 
showing by M&S 

Marks and Spe n cer has a 
hard time living up to its own 

high standards. 

It produced interim sales 
growth of 1 3 per cent during a 
period when other retailers 
struggled more obviously 
against the effects of cola 
spring weather. Yet 13 per 
cent compares with IS per 
cent sales growth this time 
Last year and so the City 
mifliw and marked down the 
shares 7p to I94p. 

Taxable profits were in line 
with expectations at £155.6 
million, leaving the company 
on course for rail-year profits 
of £415' million to £420 
mini on. Higher expecta t i o ns 
of £430 million-plus, made 
after 1985-86 results were 
announced in May, have 
already been pared back. 

Volume growth in clothing 
was 10 per cent, in homeware 
16 per cent and in foods 8 per 
cenL Floor space increased by 
4 per cent, which probably 
accounted for 2 to 3 per cent 
volume growth. Price infla- 
tion was a mere 3 per cent. 

Marks managed to recover 
ground lost after a dis- 
appointing start to clothing 
sales this year. Food sales 
were also gained from BHS 
and Woofworth pulling out of 
this area. 

The expansion and 
modernisation programme 
continues but will cost 
slightly less than expected m 
the current year. This year's 
spend will be about £270 
million against a budgeted 
£300 million and will add 
450,000 square feet. 

The switch from receiving 
to paying interest is not 
expected to happen for an- 
other 18 months as Marks 
ploughs on with its £1.5 
billion, four-year 


Interest received fell to 
£2.6 million from £5-2 mil- 
lion due to capital spending 
and the cost ofbuying out the 
minority in the Canadian 

Canada produced a loss of 
£1.7 million against a profit 
of £700,000 because of a 
C$1.8 million (£920,000) in- 
terest charge from the minor- 
ity buyout, store opening 
costs and a sluggish retail 
outlook in Canada. Turnover 
in local currency terms, how- 
ever, showed 11 per cent 

Marks has several new 
things on the go including 
home fu rnishing s, mail order, 
out-of-town developments. 
Full year earnings pear share, 
boosted by a lower tax charge, 
should be around 10 J pence 
giving a prospective p/e ratio 
of under 19. The pru* is not 
expensive, bnt 

outperformance is not ex- 
pected in the short-term. 


PucHugrw Food. 
PulACeit Pn8v Pe 

Poly Peek. Bantafts. Unttsd Scientific. 





8 12 

14 18 

20 27 

15 18 

Mgr Jan 
3K 9 


40 20 26 33 tmOm Nw Mv Jm Kw Hv Jan 

— ~ — =- Lonrttt 200 ® 42 47 IK 3)4 9 

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TjS 5 — on TrTHMfclSBI 100 Zho 3% 3)4 ha is* 1 * 

73 20 25 2 "£102) 102 «ha 1 % 2% IK 1*4 IK 

50 60 83 70 104 h. IK 2»» 3»» 3K 

"Jo* a "ia" 18 ~ Tr 1114 1b 03/07 1« W « 5»» K Z>v> 3% 

79 S>n ss « (*£106) 106 1*n 3% 4 ’m 1»» 3»„ 414 

2 7n w « 110 «« 2» “w 4K 5»*i 

— S — 55 — £L 112 IK *K *h 6* 

— 20 43 — 114 ha 1»u IK 6 s ™ Vim BX 

115 50 68 S3 116 >m K IK 8hi 9 S»u 

90 B0 98 113 

— 115 130 — OctWwDacJ«nOclH«iDicJ w 

— 1 4 — FT-3E 1525 60 73 — — 1 8 — — 

68 8 11 15 Indox 1550 3555678S 2 16 2230 

40 24 26 30 PS80) 1575 14405388 10 253342 

ZL 1600 427*25525385055 

33 11 19 23 1625 IX T7 32 46 4B 53 65 70 

26 26 X 35 1650 1 10 22 — 72 75 80 — 

15 41 42 48 1675 K 6 15 — 97 100 103 — 

— 61 62 — 1700 K 5 10 — 122 125 128 — 

14150-1.4160 O57-0L54(nni 

1.9640-1.9670 (UOU3lpram 
3248532540 IK-IKpnxn 
59.71-59^2 20-15prem 

103245-103380 Mgwi 
13504-13514 IMOtSs 
237*0-23785 IK-IKpnm 

210.40-211^7 5B-117cfis 
19235-19235 1<W7dte 
1988.70-1992.00 Ipram-ltfs 
10*065-10.5010 2&-aKdte 

9.8365-9.8606 2K-1Kpram 
226l25-22935 1-Xprwn 
2023-2026 9K-SKpram 

23665-23730 1%-IXprem 
h 1975 mi NM at 673 (dtri nag 

3 mantes 
131-1. 16pr»ni 











ArgnttnaaiiMar _ 


Bahrain dtar 

Brtil cruzado* 

^prus pound 

FWrnxt madia 

Greece drachma 

HongKongdoitar — 

incu rupee 

beq dinar 

Kuwait Oner KD 

Malaysia dotar 

Mexico peso 

New Zealand doear. 
Stud AraUariyal __ 

Octobar 28, 1996 . Total contract* 22083. CaBalTISI . MaKMSL “irntluVip aanatypiVo 

South AWca find , 


*Uoyda Bank 

. 13601-13670 
. 2.1973-23014 
. 03310-03350 

— 1933-1935 
. 0.72800.7380 
. 63825-7.0225 
. 18330-19530 
. 11.028-11336 

— 1835-1825 

. 3.7060-3.7116 
. 11353-11853 
. 2.7779-2.7810 
. 5.1750-621 SO 




West Germany 
Swkzaitond 1 



by Barciaya I 

i HOFEX and EtfaL 

'h : -- ' r&- 

Investment in Progress 

Marks and Spencer pJLc. unaudited results for the first half of the 1986/ 87 Financial Year 

. « Srf 

■ ■■V \ 

26 Weeks ended 
27th Sept 1586 28th Sept 1985 

■-iv. ; 

L !*> *' - • - t . I 

-‘ X -V -i 

¥-■- - ---- r ■ 


(excluding VAT and other sales taxes) 

United Kingdom Stores 

Homeware and other 

Overseas Stores (note 3) 

Canada (note 4) 







52 Weeks ended 
Inc. 31stMarch!986 

/, 6S5.6 



'*L\. i 

Financial Activities (note 5) 



















TAXATION (note 7) 









profit/(loss) attributable to minority interests 










Earnings per share 





l ne i id vc ucvicucu oil uiLciuii uiviuutu ui i.*rp per aiuuc eumpeucu wiui i.4op ld^i year, >ui mwicdac ui t z. /o. 

This amounts to an interim dividend of£37.1m (last year £33Jm) which will be paid on 16thjanuary 1987 to share- 
holders whose names are on the Register of Members at the dose of business on 21st November 1986. 


l .The figures have been prepared on the 
historical cost basis of accounting. 

2. Group profit before taxation arises as 


The United Kingdom 



1986 1985 

^£,1 52.9m £133. 2m 
4.3 3.7 

- -d-D — 02 

1 55.5 137.6 

1 54.5 1 39.S 

0.7 (2.2) 

155.5 1 37.6 

Retailing 1 54.S 1 

Financial Activities (note 5) 0-7 _ (2.1 

155.5 1 37.6 

3. The trading results of overseas subsidiaries 
have been translated using average rates of 
exchange ruling during the financial yeat This 

policy was adopted last year at the full year 
stage. Last years half year figures, where 
relevant, have been restated 
4. The Canadian results, as previously; cover the 
26 week period to 31 July 1986. Expressed in 
local currency terms, Canadian stores showed 
an increase in turnover of 1 1 .0%. Losses 
before taxation were CS3-5m compared to a 
profit of CSl.4m last year. The loss of CS3.5m 
is arrived at after charging interest of C$1. 8m 
on a C$3 5.0m loan made by Marks and 
Spencer p-Lc. to Canada. No interest was 
charged last yean 
“Tie Canadian 

minority relates to the period prior to this. 

5. Financial Activities include the results of the 
Charge card, leasing and insurance activities. 
These results are after taking into account the 
profits on the sale of the leasing subsidiary 
(see note 6). The losses ofSt Michael Financial 
Services for the 2 b weeks were£4.0m com- 
pared to £4.8m last yean 

6. Net other income comprises profits of £ 2.6m 
arising from the sale of a leasing subsidiary 
less losses of £0.4m on the disposal of fixed 
assets (last year nil). 

7. The taxation figure for the first half of last year 
has been adjusted to reflect the actual rate of 
taxation on the year's profit The ILK. taxation 
charge is calculated at 3 5% (last year 40%). 


•viflll'l v.t I •' 

«*^ff iflfe 5* i : 


-it in : ‘ : 

It h-i"* :iv^:** : '- ■ 

In (he U JC. Clothing sales were good even though poor Summer 
weather depressed the sales of seasonal lines. The Homeware Division * 
continued its strong advance while Food sales showed 1 satisfactoiy 
increases with no Easter trading included in this period. Volume growth in 
Clothing was 1 0%, Homeware 1 6% and Foods 8%.The overall pnee 

inflation was 3%. , , _ 

The programme of footage development and modernisation or our 
UK. stores if well under way. U JC sales floor space increased by 1 50,000 
square feet over the period (+4%). 40% ofU-K- footage is now m the 
modernised format , , 

Profitability has been maintained despite the increased costs 
associated with modernisation, additional footage and computerisation. 
The Marks and Spencer Chargccard has in excess of 1. 3 million 

cardholders and accounts for 11% of ILK. turn o vet 

European stores continue to make good progress. This month we 
opened a new store at Velizy II m Paris, our tenth European store. 

In the year to 31st March 1987, we plan to add a total of 450,000 
square feet of new trading space in the UK. Our first edge-of-town store at 
Metro Centre, Gates head' opened on 14th October Over half our UK. 
footage will have been modernised by March 1987, 

A direct selling experiment for Homeware started in October using the 
Chargecaid mailing list- 

The initial launch of furniture was well received by customers and 
expansion is planned to further stores. 

We look forward to a satisfactory second half-yeai; both in the UK. and 


* lEXCHAN 1 ’*' 

Marks & Spencer 

In Tirol 

. 13435-12466 
. 2.1835-2.1845 
. 2^210-28230 
, 12870-12875 
. 64*25-6.9475 
. 7 *150-7.4200 
. 7.0375-7.6425 

. 12719-1 2729 
. 22935^22945 
, 62320-62370 
15020-1 5920 
— 42.10-42.15 
_ 1426-1*20 

Anglia Sacs fir 

Baker Harris Sndr C170rt 
Berry ^irchANoWo (1 15p) 
Btematm Exhb (95p) 

Crafghton LMs (130p) 
Euro Home (I60p) 

Groat Southern Jl35p) 
Guthrie Cora (I50p) 
Harrison pSOp) 

Hughes rood (20p) 
Interlink Express (1B5p) 
Local Lon Gp 
Mariborotnh Tach fliop) 
Mecca La^ura (135p) 
Miner a Ssnthouse (105p) 
Newage Trans (75p) 
Radamec Op (Wp) 
Rotunda (95p) 

Ryman (1100) 

Sanoefl Perkins (135o) 
Scot Mtga 10Q% «25 
TSBf Group f100p) 
Thames TV(l90p) 

Tress 2016 #9 7 
Whhmy Madcay (160p) 
Woottons Better (104p) 
Yetvorton (38p) 

Yorkshire TV (]2Sp) 


122 , 
151 +11 
130 +3 

166 -1 
85 +5 

(Issue price in brackets). 


Read; lo help with yonr pmbta M 

Mamtrat Proircb Lid 
26-40 Kentaatoa fife St, Lo 
Trirptiwr OI-CT 2222. 
Th-22861. Mebaak. 
Fax 01-937 8335. 






Allan A Company . .. 






ConsofidatBd wife 


Cooperative Bank 


C. Hoare & Co 

(tong Kong & Shanghai 

llnytte Bank 




Nat Westminster — 

Royal Bank of Scotland 





Citibank NA 


t Margate Base Rare. 




share price 



Wolsdey must be the biggest 
company you have never 
heard of Rir the record, its 
annual turnover is nearly 
£750,000 and pretax profits 
last year were more than £50 
million. Compound pretax 
profits growth since 1982 has 
been 46 percent 

Its main activity is the 
distribution of plumbing and 
healing equipment; it has 
significant manufacturing 
activities in engineering, plas- 
tics and agricultural machine- 

Making itself better known 
has not been a priority; the 
philosophy has been to con- 
centrate on running the busi- 
ness. Nevertheless, it was of 
some concern to Wolseley 
that it narrowly missed being 
classified as a gamma stock. 

Within the trade, things 
like a conference for 3.000 
plumbers in Jersey has helped 
to promote the group. The 
feet that Wolseley does not 
sell to the general public 
contributes to its anonimity 
but a new logo (a huge tap on 
a blue background) on the 
400 lorries serving its British 
outlets wil] make it more 

Although not usually trea- 
ted as sudi, Wolseley nkes to 
thinks of itself as an indus- 
trial holding company. How- 
ever, unlik e others in the 
sector, it takes pride in buy- 
ing companies with genuine 
growth prospects. 

In the Britain and the US, 
growth has been both organic 
and by acquisition. In 1985- 
86, underlying growth of 1 1 
per cent was overshadowed 
by an increase of nearly 60 
per cent for the group as a 

Wolseley has been pleas- 
antly supnsed by the continu- 
ing opportunities in its home 
market in recent years. It 
could enjoy a boost if the 
Government primes the pre- 
election pump by spending 
on refurbishment work since 
this accounts for more than 
half of the British business- 

However, with an eye to 
the future, Wolseley is look- 

1985 1986 

ing to the US. In a frag- 
mented market, it attributes 
its success to employing good 
people who can apply a tested 
formula in any region. 

The 1986-87 year will be 
one of consolidation rather 
than frenetic corporate activ- 
ity. Wolseley should make 
£69 million pretax (earnings 
per share of 46p). 

The shares are selling on a 
small premium to the market 
but interest in them should 
increase, particularly since 
British analysts have had the 
chance recently to see the 
American operations at first 

British Car 
Anction Group 

Most people might consider 
that car auctions arc defi- 
nitely at the seedy end of the 
auto business. But what can- 
not be denied is that they 
have been a consistently 
profitable business for British 
Car Auction Group. 

Yesterday, the group an- 
nounced record results for the 
twelfth year in succession. 
Pretax profits were £13.8 
million for the year to August 
I, up 36.5 per cent on the 
previous year, while turnover 
was up 51^ percent to £89.6 

BCA’s big success story has 
been the build up of its US 
car auction business where 
profits more than doubled 
last year. 

As in Britain, it can pitch 
for business from the motor 
manufacturers, car hire com- 
panies and companies with 
executive fleets. 

If a buyer is found for its 
US leasing business. BCA 
will be once more a pure 
auction business except for 
its 44.9 per cent interest in 
First Security Group. 

The scope for growth in the 
US is still enormous and 
Dennis Sloman, analyst at 
the stockbroker Anderson & 
Co, believes pretax profits 
should reach £ 1 7 million next 
year. At the current price of 
152p, the shares are on an 
undemanding prospective 
multiple of 10.8. 


Flnanco House 10 


Tkwmqr Nte (Dtocourt *) 

Buying SaMng 

2mrtm 10k 2mnS 10* 

3rantti 10K 3mrtt 10% 

Mm tank Majptaonint %) 

1 mntt 10»n-10^i2mrtlT 
3 ninth 1tP^10 l, w6 ninth m-IO'te 

Had* BM* (Discount %) 

1 ninth 11**a 2mrth 11'Jjj 

3 ninth 11"» Branch 11K 

tntatw* k(%) 

Onmpic opon 9* cto» 7 
1 urn* 10 »w- 10 >m 6 rant!) 10»w-1(W 

1 mntti iC 'w- 10 * 9 ninth m»-lix 
3 rente HX-lUfi 12mth 11>n-11X 
tore* Authority D*po*tt* (%» 

2 days 1054 7 days 10H 

cMI 1K-K 
7 days 9%-SK 1 mnth 3%-3fc 

3 mntti 4K-4K 6 mnth 4K-4H 

Van at SMK 

7 days 4'M"» 1 mntti *54-4* 
Smntti 5 l i*4 ,t i« 6 mnth 54% 

QoktSil 120-41 220 

1 mntti 10K 
6 mnth 10 H 
Imnth 1154-11 

3 mnth 11K-11 
9 mnth 1154-11 

Smntti 11 
12mth 1054 

2 rente 1154-11 
B rente 11X-11 
12mlh 1114-11 


lroite i0'»«-lba«3 rente TUMI 

6 mnth 11 'i*-10*m 12 mft 10 , *w-10 a ni 
Do— rCPsfiW 

1 mntti SSS-&90 3 rente S20-S25 

Smntti 530525 

3 rente 520525 
12 rite 625-620 


7 days 5K-5“» 
3 rente 5-554 

7 days 4"ia-Pts 
3 mnth 454-4)4 

rW w ch ft—c 

7 days 7K-7K 

cafl 6X-5K 

1 mnth 6-554 
Smntti 6-5)4 
cal 54 

1 rente 4K4K . 
6 mnth 4K-4K 
call 7K-6K 

imnth 714-7)4 

3«nrth B«i*7»n .Bmnte 8*w-8’» 

S 96.7527.75 (E68J 
P latin um 

S 57520 (E40620) 

Fixed Rate Staffing Export Finance 
Schama IV Average reference ram tor 
teterext period September 3. 1988 to 
October 7. 1968 fnctushie: 10255 pre 

New offices 

The City of London 
Corporation yesterday agreed 
to the demolition of Lee 
House, London Wall, making 
way for the owner, MEPC, to 
bmld 300,000 sq ft of offices 
on the site of the 1960s 
building. Eight London Wall 
redevelopment schemes are in 
the pipeline, most of them 
involving demolition of 20- 
year-old offices. 


O N THE EYE of the closure 
of the firm on the 
7th November, the Nivison 
family would like to express 
their profound gratitude to all 
present and former members 
of the firm and its Clients for 
their great loyalty over very 
many years. 

We are saddened that the 
changes now taking place in 
the City of London have made 
inevitable the closure of a 
family firm and the ending of a 
tradition built up over the 
past hundred years. We would 
like to take this opportunity 
of wishing all past and present 
members of the firm every 
success in their new careers 
spread far and wide through- 
out the C itv of London. 




Reed International: Mr P J 
Da^is will become chief exec- 
utive from November 1. Mr 
L A Carpenter has been made 
executive chairman. Mr N J 
Stapleton will become finance 
director from November 28. 

Tcchniral Audit: Mr Noel 
Gnnsted is appointed manag- 
ing director. 

Unirotal: Mr Alastsir 


Johnston is made managing 

John Laing Construction: 
Mr David G Hill is made 
chairman of Esk Manufac- 
turing Company and deputy 
chairman of' Beechdale 

Sketchier: Mr John Gillum 

becomes a non-exeuctive 

Clark Whitehil! & Co: Mr 
Laurence Baetar. Mr Ted 
Sioper. Mr Philip Forwood, 
Mr Howard Williams and Mr 
Philip Willoughby become 

Nashua Copycat: Mr Mi- 

chael Twins takes over as 

managing director. 

Nabarro Nathanson: Mr 
Roger Duncan. Mr Paul Ken- 
dall. Mr Peter Den ley. Mr 
Jonathan Dawson. Mr John 

Murray. Mr Howard Rich- 
ards. Mr Gareth Jones and 
Mr Leslie Kovars become 

a* Nation*/ 


Total operating; income 

Profit on ordinary' activities before taxation 
P rofit after extraordinary item and taxation 

Earnings per share 

Total dividend per share 

Total assets at year end 

£5 .2m 
>er share 
>er share 

In its first twelve months of operations, The National 
Home Loans Corporation pic has established efficient mortgage 
investment appraisal and administration systems and has made 
investments in United Kingdom residential mortgages of 
£327 million. 

Operating costs were carefully controDed throughout 

per £100 anticipated by our Offer for Subscription. The ratio will 
continue to improve as our investment programme proceeds. 

The Board therefore proposes a final dividend of 1.15p 
per share. The total dividend fortheyear is therefore L83p per share 
which is 60% of distributable earnings. 

These results were achieved against the background of a 
tight operating margin. Mortgage rates dropped from over 12.75% 
to an average of 11% during die course of tne year, while LIBOR 
averaged over 11%. National Home Loans' ability to operate 
profitably in such circumstances promises well for the future when 
the relationship between our costs and our income-producing 
assets will become increasingly favourable. 

In such a large market, and given the success of our first 
year of operations. The National Home Loans Corporation pic will 
have no difficulty in meeting its objective of substantially increased 
mortgage investments. 

A copy of the 1986 Report and Accounts will be sent to 
shareholders shordv. 

The National Home Loans Corporation pk 
St Catherine’s Court, Herbert Road, SolihuD, West Midlands 

Why Australia dare not weaken 
its grip on the economy 


Australia's financial pundits 
have been done out of their 
grievance. The Labour 
government’s austerity eco- 
nomic policies have made it 
very difficult for commen- 
tators and the capital markets 
at laige to indulge in their 
favourite sport of criticizing 
the way the country's finances 
are run. 

Faced with unacceptably 
high inflation, an appalling 
balance of payments deficit 
and a foreign debt level that 
led Mr Paul Keating, the 
Treasurer, to warn that the 
country could become a ba- 
nana republic, the govern- 
ment has pulled out all the 
stops in an effort to halt the 

Its determination has been 
evident on the three most 
important economic fronts — 
fiscals, monetary and wage 
policy. Mr Keating's budget, 
delivered in August, included 
a government deficit forecast 
of AS 3. 5 billion (£1.42 bil- 
lion). This amounts to just 1.4 
per cent of GNP, the lowest 
level for five years. 

The forecast, which is predi- 
cated on zero real increase in 
state spending, should allow a 
substantial reduction in gov- 
ernment bond sales in the 
1986-87financial year which 
ends next June. 

Such a tight fiscal stance is 
necessary to relieve some of 
the burden from the 
government's monetary pol- 
icy which, in reducing broad 
money supply growth from 19 
to 1 1 per cem over the year to 
August, had forced interest 
rates up to unpopular levels. 

Mortgage rates are now 
about 15 per cent while con- 
sumer finance rates can run to 
22 per cent. 

Perhaps most importantly, 
the government has ensured, 
through accords with the 
Australian Council of Trade 
Unions, that centrally-award- 
ed wage rises have remained 
below inflation. After full 
wage indexing for many years 
- which the stronger unions 
supplemented by individual 
bargaining - next year’s 
awards should be at least 2 or 
3 percentage points below the 
8 per cent inflation rate. 

If the tripartite policy has 
helped to restore some con- 
fidence in the government, the 
40 per cent trade- weigh ted 
depreciation of the Australian 
dollar over the past 1 8 months 
has had more tangible effects. 

The manufacturing sector is 
beginning to show signs of 

From Richard Lander, Sydney 

fighting back after being swept 
aside for years by Japanese 
goods which were unported at 
bargain prices because of an 
artificially hi g h dollar. An 
international competitiveness 
index drawn up by Bain, the 
stockbroker, shows that 
Australian firms are 40 per 
cent better off titan at the start 
of 1 98S. 

As Mr Neale Goldston - 
Moms, head of research at 
Bain, argues, the domestic 
market may be tight because 
of falling disposable incomes 
but at least local firms are 
receiving more ofiL 

To a smaller extent, Austra- 
lian firms are making head- 
way also in overseas markets 
although the country is still 
suffering for its almost total 
neglect of the industrial sector 
in the first three decades after 
the Second World War when 
it was cosseted by high farm 
and natural resource prices. 

Australia's bargain base- 
ment prices are attracting 
foreigners in droves to put 
their money in the country. 

Overseas funds come from 
a wide variety of sources: fund 
managers, looking away from 
the fragile heights reached by 
the Japanese and American 
financial markets, are at- 
tracted by rising industrial 
profits, highly profitable gold 
mines and government bonds 
that yield about 13.5 percent; 
tourists are drawn by the 
country's fine cities and 
breathtaking natural beauty, 
and foreign companies which, 
after being encouraged to 
“Australian ize” their subsid- 
iaries by lowering their share 
stakes, nave now been allowed 
to lake them over completely. 

Reckitt & Colman. the Brit- 
ish household goods group, 
has taken over its quoted 
subsidiary already and other 
companies are expected to 
follow suit. 

But it is a facade without 
much depth. As Mr Will 
Buttrose, chief economist of 
Lloyds Bank NZA, said, much 
of the inflow is “here today, 
gone tomorrow money. If 
people think the United States 
looks better, they will pull 

There is also the question of 
whether the government can 
make its financial targets 
stick. At present, Mr Keating 
has the goodwill of the finan- 

cial markets as the medicine 
takes time to work. .Last week 
they greeted a rise in the 
quarterly-published Con- 
sumer Price Index from 8.4 
per cent to 8.9 per cent by 
boosting the Australian dollar 
by more than half a cent 
against the American dollar. 

Such patience may wane 
next year if the government’s 
fiscal and monetary grip weak- 
ens. There must be doubts 
also about its ability to keep 
the unions in tow for much 
longer. “It's wishful thinking 
to believe that the union 
movement will keep as quiet 
next year," Mr Buttrose said. 
There will be little help from 
the rest of the world. Because 
of the long neglect of the 
industrial sector, Australia is 
still heavily dependent on its 

exports of agricultural goods 
and minerals. 

What progress there has 
been is, in Mr Buttrose s 
words, of “petty cash propor- 
tions" when compared to the 
ysiig of Australia's financial 
problems. Gross foreign debt 
totalled about A$86 billion, or 
37 per cent of GDP. m June. 
The current account of the 
balance of payments is likely 
to show a deficit of at least 
A$1S billion in 1986-87: and 
inflation is still four times the 
average of most OECD 

Figures of this magnitude 
demand that the government 
maintains its present poljcies 
on all three fronts. “Given 
that governing is a mixture of 
politics and economics, they 
really can't do much more 
than they’ve done,” Mr 
Buttrose said. “But it will be a 
long- haul exercise". 

The Royal Bank 
of Scotland pic 

The Royal Bank 
of Scotland announces 
that with effect from 
17 November 1986 its 
House Mortgage Rate 
wiR be increased from 
1100% to 12-25% 
per annum. 

TV Hor>l Bask Malm Sq*«n,C4fl*>f«tiCi<2ZTR 

BrcbttmiBi Scotland No 90)13. 

' f k - ". 

Communication is not simply 
sending a message. . . it is 
creating true understanding— swiftly, 
clearly and precisely. 

.if i 

!■ . ' 

Hitachi s wide-ranging technologies in communication (from left to ngnt- 
optical fibers, optical 1C. advanced telephone exchange system 
and satellite communication. 

“I know he's trying to tell me something: 
but what does he really mean?’ In our world 
of proliferating technologies and new termi- 
nology, this kind of question is asked a lot 
Here is what we are doing about it. 

Hitachi's scientists and technicians' long- . 
term goal is to break the language barrier. 
They are diligently at work today on an array 
of projects that will vastly improve the com- 
munications of tomorrow. 

For example, we've made tremendous 
progress on a system to translate Japanese 
into English. 

This system can be used to translate 
various scientific/technical papers and 
machinery/equipment manuals. Special 
“glossaries" can be developed to adapt it for 
fields as diverse as medicine, electronics 
and aeronautics. Further development could 
lead to automatic telephone translation or 
even portable verbal translators for travelers. 

In addition to the machine transla- 
tion system, Hitachi's research specialists 
are also developing advanced transmission 
systems that send your phone calls or 
business data across great distances using 
hair-thin optical fibers and laser beams. 
They are also working on other new methods 
of communications, such as advanced 
telephone exchange systems, satellite com- 
munication systems, TV conferences, 
and so forth. 

At the root of much of this is our highly 
advanced computer technology: because 
Hitachi is producing some of the fastest, 
largest-capacity systems available today. 

We link technology to human needs. We 
believe that Hitachi s advanced technologies 
will result in systems and products that are 
functionally sophisticated but easy to use. 
Our goal in communications— and trans- 
portation, energy and consumer electronics 
as well— is to build products and systems . 
that will improve the quality of life the 
world around. 

•. * 

w**'- •*£* . 

» . * rs ♦ 

■ *.«£**•* V *jjC' 

- •% 



■ - * : ;V V 


Hitachi, i-td. Tokyjo, Japan 




Shares drift lower 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began on Monday. Dealings end November 7. §Contango day November 10. SetUemeni day November 1 7. 

§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

Where stocks have only one price quoted {the detta stocks), these are middle prices 

— ^cld — 

© TtaK^xpapmLiaM 

£ 4,000 

Claims required for 
+38 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 



The Royal 13 ; 

Gotland anz?c 

at with effect 

November ir 

11 * 00 ", to 


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BET Ord 


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Hi^ T r .Tii rwr rar^ 

Please be sore to take account 
of any minus signs 

Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend of £&000 tn 
Saturday's newspaper 



mm w, 




















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2183 2320 -02 029 

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61.1 644 400 033 

540 583* +02 120 
64.7 565* -13 050 

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2111 2895* 411 589 
282-6 3113 413 031 

923 99.7c -021231 

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Ammon 100 1113C 

Am* E«s4ty hieoma 34 0 37 1c 
Araar Sped* St* 533 57 I 
Arantoa 29.7 3i8* 

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S* I Rxed Ml 383 293* 
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Jmn Spaam Sis 35.4 37.7 
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MMgsdMt 1385 1410 

Maa-Scoraa EqUIr 784 844 
PW a amu r tf Qdl 313 332 
Soon Earn am 403 «3* 
SpaciM Sts 1003 172.7 


*■"» O l M OS62 3603* 
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Am Fhaperty no flOOOOO 

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01-518 1815 

Income 38722 * 117 

Accun £10.712 .. .. 

Dopes* 1003 .. 1020 

•Unon OUn. BUM 082 OIH 
0000 373393 

Amer Growth 24.0 215 401 130 

EM* Hui incoma 118 443 -02 470 

Empaan Grow*! 303 324* +04 230 

General Equrv 37 4 993 +03 2.70 

GtHtUOMab 271 2B3 -01300 

0*8FftadlnC 223 237* -01 930 

mm Stoma 2*2 215 -at 2*0 

Japan Growth 308 323 +01 090 

FMraQn 23 4 240 *02 250 

1 London Nd Sags, 
01-038 5181 
Amer 8 Gan Mo 22 

00 Acorn 22 

Amor Tunarnd tee 21 
Do Accum 21 

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2209 2324 
2212 238 2 
2100 2223 
317 0 230 4 
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1793 1812 
1112 1228 
1223 1293 
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121 0 U91 +07 810 

2814 2038* +2 1 1 14 

2118 2258c -08 13* 


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0903 60200 

Qae Tram £1101 1264 -036 337 

MOTnat 1383 1438* -13 135 

U i PW a B— I MUOri—II MII— 1 I T 
98 Camu Strom, London 0C4N 8AE 
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Moama 1 Growm E7« «a* .. 287 

M M rewwM Roc 923 984 -08 041 

Amancan Growth 329 3S3* +04 .. 

japan OuwOi 52 ? 561c +03 030 

Eurrooon Growth 713 788 -01 131 

(PC ao+rth 524 581 -03 017 

PacMcftawd) ■ 445 474 -03 .. 

Mp> Income 338 36.De -04 730 

ProcteM income JU S82* +04 U8 

Op Accom 1001 1087* *07 1.78 



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01-728 IM 

Erergy Trust 491 513 

Ears Income 1583 1682R 

FMancto 1645 17*3 

Gflr Suangy 688 574 

Growth Hwe m nem 2785 2948 
MonlfiioMl 405 43 1C 

Japanese Growth 1713 1818* 

*02 331 
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+01 213 
•31 254 
+04 456 

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+14 1.84 
-03 246 
+02 5J7 
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Japanese Growth 171J isi8* 

Not Amer Grown 106,9 U3_2c 

Md Recovery 116 I 1223 

Stream Coe 213* 22S.9 

3003) MC T* 61.0 548* 

SpocMi la At* 2888 3055 

Crown House VUorang GU21 1XW 
04662 5033 

Fxgn income Trim 236 1 251 2* 

Grown) Trust 2)6 3 2301 

American Trust 1269 1510 

Bra# Surra* RH2 68L 
07372 *3434 

UK Worn* *69 503 447 

UK Growm Accum 45 6 490 -05 243 

Do Oe» 45.8 490 -0 3 243 

European Oowlh 568 505 *04 183 

PaoH: Grown) 498 53.4 +03 

4 uwde Crescent 
031-226 3*93 
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727 774c 
955 1017 
125 8 1335 
107 4 1145c 
303 6 217 0 
3*9 265 
34 1 363 
1512 1610 
14*6 1495* 
101 1 10* 3 
3050 31*9 
19? 6 304.0* 
383 300 

Bart. Road. ChHunem. G 
0342 521311 

UK SManoad Me 680 

Do Acoan 701 

UK Growth Acsmt 885 

UK Hsjn Me Inc 884 

nr r ■* aim scam 

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080 732 
701 744 
885 9\8 
614 70.4c 
601 728 
982 1015 
680 944 
517 5*5 
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a. Gauge Men Corpor at ion SL Cororary CY1 

0203 533231 

IK Onwai Atxom 144.8 1588* 39B 

□outcome 1258 1316* 58? 

MiUier ate Accua 2*00 286 I* 171 
Do mcome >905 2021* 121 

GfcWft+w Acsnn 838 987 192 

Do mcome 77 7 817 893 

Mr Amer TirAcrum 15*8 143.1* 058 

Far Ear Tut accum 158.6 1BBJ* . 042 

Enrols Accua 167 8 1788* .. 127 

GerwrN Trusr 232.1 3460* .. 301 

PWMmEna oorarg, Suroy 
0306 MIM56 

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_Do Accun 32*2 344 1C +08 284 

FPFaadHOM 107 0 1138c -01651 

Do AeoiM 121 9 1290e -02 651 

S M— Ma ft p Os 1708 181IC -04 1.73 

DO Accum 1787 1870c -04 1.79 


PueNc Thumb KMaswm WC2 

01-405 <300 

Cum 5564 3658* .. 2.74 

Grass Inc 1495 1518 . 784 

Hign YMtd 7150 2201 . 807 

S^TSSS*. Sa Lendu EC2M «vj 
01-293 2373 OeMmg 01-626 9*31 
Arser Soeowl Sat 021 881 +418 120 

UK* Cap Pee RtC 97 1 1034 *04 380 

00 Acta sn 1385 1485 +08 300 

Moama Fimd 787 BI7 . . 830 

Ranaon Exampt 1750 1625 +00 190 

M4 uua a a nal 171.1 1821 +17 080 

US 5 General 580 S0c +04 1.00 

Tact) 6 &Dwtn 621 681 +06 170 

Japan 8 Gerom 21452297 + 1.0010 

Far Emi 6 Gut 1111 1235 -01 040 

Euopean Fuid 2708 267 9 +47 050 

Germwry Fuid 74.7 781* +17 090 

Wl Me Fuid 504 537 c . . 450 

Amencan Trust BS.1 90 1 -05 050 

hOMet Thai 24.7 281 -05 025 

Braah T« Accun BJ 602 +04 101 

OdOm 516 547 *07 181 

Commodt* Snare 705 74.7 +05 1 Si 

EuDpeanThai 519 HL2 +05 029 

Eot Mconw Tram 497 52 I c +015 13 

F* Eastern ThaP 1*53 1525* +10 000 
Fhxs aearou Amo 217 27 2* +011054 
tar Food mi 7s 289 284* . . 870 

Cfloc** Fun Accua) 1628 1835c +1 7 0 1 | 
Oo Dal 1747 IB* *e +17 0 16 

Qua snare Tins 1*7 l&i -0 1 1 57 

Hedged Amancan 305 325 -01 0 10 

Moama rrus 1*22 1505 . . 575 

Hong Kong Treat 384 388 +12 087 

Mcrw Fun 716 90 1 +03 321 

MuTO agencM* £4707 50 15 +070 209 

Japan Trial 117 6 18*8 . . 000 

Managed twp 2520 2B28* -1.7 246 

Oi flEnergi Trial 368 37 7 +0 I 200 

SokisI S*a Tn*u 957 1009* +17 088 
Ufc So* Ca Rec T* 735 778* +01 085 

Mncrean* Hea. 77. Ldedui WML London EC2N 


MO Gronth 602 857 +04 173 

Amancan Groadh B82 683 +4L7 090 

Amencan Me 71.7 782* +04 480 

European Growth 2397 2544* +08 048 
Gaa 6 Mena 481 400 *07 a 70 

Japan GrawT 1482 1585 +32 . . 

Ro^towngit EC3P SDN 

G* 4 Fixed Ml 1100 1145 -01 9.79 

Gro-r E»»lf H35 20*8 -14 2 12 

GuanM 2679 2778 -37 288 

N 4mancan 1*12 1537* +14 1 36 

PB(*c 2307 253 7* +45 012 

Proper* Shore 2736 2918 +18 1 37 

Smaxm Conpanea 211 2 2215* -1 4 1.74 
&4CP4MI Tins 2686 3647 +09 089 



PO Bos *42 32 Si Msy*M*L London EC3P 

01-623 8333 

01-068 4354 01-626 - 
MS' Thai UNts 
Conns Try* Una 
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Far EaS TreS 

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Hot YhtO TruS 
Incoma Tha t 

Japan Tech Ts 
MBPS R asmu s: 
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-37 319 
+07 277 
+ 17 243 
•07 099 
+32 0SO 
*01 223 
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+18 4.77 
+18 181 
-0.4 006 
-01 186 
-18 376 
-1.4 177 
+1.4 281 
+08 086 

32 Omen Anna GSB. London SWTH SAfl 
01-222 1000 

amiON* 137 0 1468c .. 1 

ISlIncNs 5*0 37 S* .. 9) 

ml capea Grows 547 57 7* .. ti 

I n i Aiu ns it Tn Frw 720 788c . . X 

Me* Grows 


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MEL Trass 

370 388c +06 221 
570 617 +08 286 

88.1 SIS *06 70S 
245 254 -01 878 

1934 2067* +14 474 
1907. 2BZJ* +18 482 
174 188 -011073 

1468 15840 -04 273 

412 480 +05 220 

547 587* +03 080 
568 607* +0.1 (US 
148 118 +02 057 

621 668* *01 f 12 
*5B *85 +01 180 

425 481 +07 084 

827 B77e +07 387 
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1024 1087* +04 309 
774 621* -08 12) 
906 960* +06 099 
908 965* +08 QJD 
17 0 190* +05 019 
588 60.1 -0.1 075 

327 3*7 +10 101 

370 397* +06 1.49 
1090 1140* -0.1 266 

890 737 +02 000 

M US 118* +01 000 
685 72.7c +07 000 
097 734« +08 000 


586 600* +01 501 
S35 sai +02 159 
6*8 688 +07 486 

677 664 -071085 

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880 830 -07 233 

1327 1406 -10 272 

1174 VMM -08 387 
136.1 1«7* +03 1.49 
1387 144M +07 148 
1214 1334 -08 292 

2170 2307 -17 282 

2714 26BJ7* +37 073 
1640 I960* -OB 451 
1401 1682 +10 174 

680 736 +21 066 

773 620 +00 007 

700 B*4 +14 008 

601 0470 +01 170 

1107 1Z70* *9.1 077 
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974 10*7 +0 1 606 

IPS 1602* -14 053 

035 136.4* +14 081 
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1117 1207 +21 000 

87.5 94.1* -02 407 

HoMom EqUCV 3888 4117* +14 374 

European^ 1084 11*7 *07 053 

Hotoom comma 531 581 ..005 

Hcram taut MC 638 67 1* +01 804 

HeBOm M 1024 1085 +06 078 

MPS hi BOB 915 +05 005 

N AreadCSi 787 B1 1 +06 061 

HoBVa Spec 9a 61.6 B*5 +0S 212 

Hotoom Utforawdi 760 834 +05 216 

Hotoom CS* Tnur 177 1 1640 -07 271 

Hotoom Stoflr Cc« 401 503 .. 273 

Rd. Ldnoee EDIT 2AY 

Amer Teen 6 am 1028 1100* +14 054 

PhcOe 196 1 2068 -10 000 

Sec income Pad i7ia i8U* +06*04 

tit n~ 211.1 22100 -17 1*8 

Md Grow*l 42-1 410 -06 0 16 

A ma n ca n Wpi 751 782 +15 126 

SmM CD’s 416 448*. -05 I P 

Japan Tech 8 Sen 1024 1094 -15 000 

toMmawnwl Mcorae 57 0 61M -03 583 

ExaM 5470 5687* .. 27S 

IK Genual 3*0 370 103 

Euo (Rowto 41.1 440 +04 052 

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NCMcamo 867 9210 -01 477 

NC JapM) 1710 1S25 -24 001 

NC M*or IK CO 403 524 c -01202 
NC amMMr Ata 623 884 +03 1.44 

NC Amncn MC 2782 2959 +29 120 

Do ACCUN 3030 3231 +27 120 

NC SmMk* CC4 1387 U7 6* +06 200 

NCSn* EuopCDe 1917 2019 +08 079 

NCExunpta Cl 170 1220* .. 978 


33 KMD WWmd Sneet. Ldreion EC4R BAS 

Mouse Untt 

947 250* -01 279 
27.1 760* -01 270 


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Roaamy 2202 23*7* 

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Do ACCUN 587 624 +42 207 

Extra moama 1554 iBS7 -06 S29 

Do Accun 2005 23* * -03 529 

German G*i Me 70 790* +12 058 

Oo Accun 740 795* +12 033 

Mcome 28)3 277 9* +24 *83 

Do Aeon 5260 5605* +49 483 

MC Teen I860 T967 *0 1 052 

Oo Accom 1311 2071 *01 052 

Japan Grower 740 798 .. 002 

Do Accun 710 787 . . 002 

N Amu A Gan 1038)090 .. 108 

Oo Aooui 1110 1167 +41 106 

PadAc 8awi 1325 «09 +05 05* 

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Mcome That 310 37 5* 850 

kxamwans That 315 380 . . 070 

Aemncui 310 30 ..200 

Japan *23 *15 ..000 

That * Mv 210 317* . . 250 


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EuDoean Spec »l 1l«0 I2>7 +06 0W 

Bora Mcome 1138 1210 +4L6 506 

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October 29, 1986 

How the Cinder ellas 


won their share of 
millions for medicine 

; it 3i* : ; *;v — : 

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** ** .*■ • ‘ 

■ r . ?;i 

T he Wefloome Trust, 
the charity created 
by the philanthropist 
and pharmaceutical 
businessman Sir 
Henry Wellcome, who died 50 
years ago. is the biggest single 
non-government source of 
uinds for medical research in 

. Over the years, but mainly 
in the last 20, it hag awarded 
more than £170 million for 
studies over a huge and di- 
verse range, not only in medi- 
cine but in the associated life 

This has taken place, 
moveover. during times 
which have seen dramatic 
advances in knowledge and 
understanding of the genes 
and cells and molecules which 
constitute human life, the very 
foundations and building 
bricks which determine the 
way we are aud function, 
thrive and die. 

Fifty years ago a trust 
was set up by Sir 
Henry Wellcome for 
research and the 
advancement of 
medical science. 
Today it is a leading 
medical charity 

Greco-Roman statue of- 
Aascuiaptus, god at nrnttdne, 
hbuseafaMieWeteom n BuMng 


( «rn r* .. _ 

j rvr— " 


tns* ^y..; 

! Xr 

. f 

During the current financial 
year alone, the trust will 
distribute £33 million. But it is 
not so much the amount of 
money it is able to dispense 
that really matters. It is the 
character of the spending, and 
the decisions that lie behind it 


) ! 

• - I* ■lllri,,.,., 


I <!: 


Writing in the current issue 
of Wellcome’s quarterly jour- 
nal Medical Historv, Lord 
Franks recalls how the trust 
decided, soon after he began 
his 1 7-year stint as chairman 
in 1 965, that it would cease to 
put half its income into capital 
grants for buildings and equip- 
ment for medical research. 

He says: “Its function was 
not to act as a substitute for 
the government in providing 
funds for normal university 
building. At one blow, a 
considerable sum was released 
for use in other ways. 

“The trustees gained a new 
freedom of flexibility and 

Lord Franks points to a 
second decision that was no 
less vitaL The trustees decided 
it was no longer good enough 
simply to respond to ad hoc 
requests. He explains: “They 
were now prepared to take a 
positive line and suggest sub- 
jects for research: they would 
finance those qualified and 
willing to respond to their 

That was, he argues, “some- 
thing of a revolution”. It ran 
counter to the accepted wis- 
dom that it was for scientists 
to think and propose subjects; 
the job of institutions like the 
Wellcome Trust being simply 
to support them. 

That tradition was aban- 
doned. Support for topics 
suggested by researchers re- 
mained, but the trustees 
added “new dimensions of 
policy and action. As a result 
there has been a stream of 
initiatives over the years.” 

When pharmaceutical com- 
panies such as the Wellcome 
Foundation — whose profits 
provide the investment from 
which the totally independent 
trust derives its income — 
spend money on medical re- 
search, the motivation is prop- 
erly and necessarily 
commercial. The aim is to 
produce successful products. 

. When the Medical Research 
Council determines its alloca- 

tions it is obliged, as an official 
body, to play a leading admin- 
istrative role and to be 
“political” On the broadest 
sense). The aim is to respond 
usefully to as many competing 
pressures over a wide national 
spectrum as it can. 

The Wellcome Trust is not, 
however, constrained by such 
aims. Dr Peter Williams, the 
trust’s director for the past 21 
years, says: “We make sure we 
do not do a commercial job 
with charity's money. And we 
work solely as a science-based 
research body. Instead of 

nized and appraised by peer 
review and in other ways. But 
the mist uses the expertise of 
its staff and of the seven 
trustees — of whom five are 
among the most eminent 
medical scientists in the coun- 
try — to decide what research 
to support 

They do so on the basis of 
purely scientific criteria and 
with no considerations in 
mind ■ other than how a 
particular field of medical 
science may be advanced. 

This approach greatly facili- 
tates the process of consid- 
ering and making grants for 
research. It has an even greater 

■ pail 

| ■ 

value in making it possible to 

Fountain of new 
policy ideas 

administrators, we have a staff 
of scientists.” 

Under the leadership of Dr 
Williams, described by Lord 
Franks as “a perpetual foun- 
tain of new ideas about 
policy”, the trust thus pro- 
vides a unique resource for 
medical research. The sci- 
entists who advise the trustees 
on how money should be 
spent are eminent in their own 
fields. And they keep in close 
contact with their colleagues 
in the laboratories and 

Proposals must still of 
course, be carefully scruti- 

I -!r fn.-i «. m thi * • 
livliivi; :Htr to • 

support areas of medicine that 
might otherwise lose out. 

Its scientific staff are well 
aware of what is going on in 
the scientific and medical 
worlds. So they are able to 
spot under-researched fields 
that can benefit from the 
trust’s help. 

Skin disease and mental 
health, for instance, are two 
Cinderella areas of medicine 
that tend to be neglected in 
comparison with specialities 
that are seen as “glamorous”. 
The trust has sponsored re- 
search in both of them. 

It can also act as a kind of 
“joker in the pack, changing 
the name of the game”, as one 
of its staff described it, by 
identifying topics that are 
under-researched because 
they do not fit into any well- 
defined category, or which 
straddle different disciplines. 

In mental health, for exam- 
ple, an understanding of cell 
biology is potentially im- 
portant as the biochemistry of 
the nerve cells and the brain 
could be the key to many 
psychiatric problems, and 
could obviate the need fin- 
invasive methods in 

But few, if any, psychiatrists 

are particularly well up in 
biochemistry. In any case, 
most are too preoccupied with 
clinical work to study so 
different a discipline. The 
Wellcome Trust helps, 
through fellowships which 
give cross-disciplinary train- 
ing. to break through such 

Another field in which it has 
done this is the medicine of 
the eye. Sufferers from high 
blood pressure and diabetes 
often suffer damage to the 
retina. But physicians on one 
side of the barrier are seldom 
equipped to give expert advice 
on incipient eye conditions, 
while ophthalmologists, on 
the other side, will tend to 
concentrate on their particular 
professional interest, with per- 
haps inadequate concern for 
the general medical aspects. 

The trust’s imposing London 
headquarters and (left) its American- 
born founder, Sir Henry Wellcome, 
who made his fortune In the 
pharmaceutical industry 

The Wellcome Trust pio- 
neered the advertising of 
substantial awards to get over 
this problem, by finding the 
appropriate research workers 
and thereby stimulating the 
cross-fertilization of dis- 
ciplines and ideas. 

It is funding two initiatives, 
a £3 million programme of 
noD-invasive studies of the 
brain, and another group of 
studies into the clinical 

applications of molecular 

There can be few charities 
outside medicine, let alone 
within it, which so effectively 
enable the abstruse and theo- 
retical to be practically applied 
in real life. 

Yet no Nobel prizes have 
come the trust's way. It is not a 
byword for medical excellence 
and innovation, like many 
British teaching hospitals, 
postgraduate institutions or 
royal colleges. To the general 
public, the trust is hardly 
known, in contrast, say, to 

Papworth Hospital- famous 
for its heart transplants. 

Bui Papwonh's transplants 
would never have become 
possible without many kinds 
of pioneering work which 
preceded them and which the 
trust has helped to fond — the 
development of advanced 
equipment, studies on the 
relationship between the heart 
and the nervous system, fun- 
damental immunological 

Similarly, the trust has done 
much to foster the science 
input into the study and 
understanding of mental 

health, anaesthetics and other 
fields. The Nobel prizes in 
physiology won by Sir Andrew 
.Huxley in 1963 and Sir Ber- 
nard Katz in 1 970 depended at 
least in part on research 
carried out with equipment 
that was paid for by the trust. 

Dr Williams says: “There 
arc many names attached to 
great discoveries which appear 
in our reports on the projects 
and people we have sup- 
ported. But a grant-giving 
organization like ours cannot 
take credit for what it has 

He is justifiably confident 
that The Wellcome Trust “will 
continue to play an important 
role in its support of medical 
research”, both in Britain and 
further afield — in Europe, the 
Commonwealth and tropics. 

The trust’s role in furthering 
research is now so well-estab- 
lished that the prestige of a 
Wellcome award is itself a 
significant factor in the choice 
of the trust by applicants for 

David Loshak 

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.en years ago, when Americans Apollo space 
missions excited the world’s imagination, it was 
one of our products which helped setde the 
astronauts’ sense of balance. 

Out here, even the brav e can <>et travel sick 

As one of several drugs which made it to 
the da ik side of the moon, it was carrying with 
it a long Wellcome tradition. 

Since the days of Stanley and Livingstone, 
of Scott and Shaddeton and Alcock and Brown, 
our medical kits and ad- 
vanced drugs have been the 
explorer^ companion. 

Today, Wellcome pic 
operates in all the worlds 
major markets and has manu- 
facturing centres in more than 
20 countries. 

Tarfanum TuMoat' tntJud kit 
deUt from thr >arh IMth. 

Worldwide^ thegroupemploys some 18,000 
people, more than one in six of them engaged 
in the groups research and development estab- 

In its development and marketing of 
products for the promotion of human and 
animal health, research has always been at the 
heart of Wellcome^ activities. 

Over the years, it has produced a wealth of 
new developments, many of 
them milestones in medicine 
across a wide variety of 

CmfiaUr mdeUaggan 
Ttstarchm lie atnlin to 
‘mAabt" feapmadi at 

the screen. 

Determined that the pion- 
eering scientific work started 
by his company should be con- 
tinued, Sir Henry Wellcome 

established The Wellcome Trust 

With its objective of the advancement of 
research in human and animal medicine, and the 
support of the history of medicine, The Trust 
is funded mainly by profits from Wellcome’s 
commercial activities. 

It supports a wide variety of research pro- 
grammes, all of them unconnected with the 
business of Wellcome. 

In todays world, as the 
frontiers of science axe rolled 
back, Wellcome’s research 
continually uncovers new 
territories across the broadest 
of fronts. 







. a 












■^1 ^ 




At tbe begin- 
ning of this 
year ihe 
Trust, bad 
only one 
Ltd, the pharmaceutical com- 
pany built by Sir Henry 
Wellcome.Less than a year 
later it has more than 300. the 
company bas been floated on 
the Stock Exchange and in- 
stead of one owner (the trust). 
Wellcome now has 50,000. 

There were two prime rea- 
sons. If both company and 
trust were to continue to 
prosper, it was essential to 
allow the company to expand. 
And however good the invest- 
ment. it is dangerous to have 
all investments in one 

Ian Macgregor,' tbe trust's 
deputy director in charge of 
finance, says it was felt that 
the base of tbe portfolio 
should be broadened. 

But the main reason for the 
flotation was essentially to 
ensure that a legal and finan- 
cial arrange me nl reached half 
a century ago could be up- 
dated so that it did not start to 
work against, rather than for, 
the interests of ihe parties to it. 

The dilemma was this: the 
funds the trust used to support 
medical research and research 
into the history of medicine 
(grants of more than £2S 

Float brings 
new buoyancy 

million in the year 1985-56) 
were based on distributions 
from the company. 

“One of the problems from 
the company's point of view 
over those 50 years," says Mr 
Macgregor. “is that there was 
never any new capital coming 
in. We (the trust) were the 
only owners. We had for years 
not been able to add to the 
capital, or to introduce new 
monies to the company, there- 
fore the expansion of the 
company had been caused by 
holding down the level of 
distributions to the trust" 

In the last year before going 
public the distributions were 
only £24 million, pretty mod- 
est for a company with a 
capital value of more than 
£1.5 billion. 

"The only monies that were 
available for expansion, for 
continued research, for ac- 
quisitions or any of these 
things bad to come out of the 
cash the company itself gen- 
erated. the cash which the 
trust didn't take as distrib- 

Floating the company and 
selling off part of the trust's 
holding solved several prob- 
lems simultaneously. As a 
public company Wellcome Pic 

will be able, through access to 
the equity market, to raise 
money more easily; the diver- 
gence between the interests of 
the company and the trust will 
be lessened; and the trust, by 
spreading its investments over 
a much wider range of com- 
panies. will greatly lessen the 
chances of any financial catas- 
trophe befalling it. 

Tbe changes gave, and are 
still giving, the trust's lawyers 
some intriguing work to do. 

Sir Henry's will left his 
trustees in ownership of the 
company but did not give 
them powers to dispose of that 

"We had to approach the 
Charity Commissioners to ob- 
tain a 'scheme' which would 
enable us to override the rights 
given in the will," says Mr 

The trust got an order from 
the commissioners which en- 
abled it to do two things: first, 
to dispose of some sharehold- 
ings in Wellcome, providing it 
did not lose control; and. 
second, to apply to the 
commissioners for specific 
authority each time it wished 
to dispose of a shareholding in 
the foundation. 

"There has been only one 

tranche and we have given 
undertakings in the prospec- 
tus that for at least two years 
there will fc>e no more.” 

The sale of 21 per cent of its 
holding in Wellcome has put 
£200 million in the trust's 

The four investment man- 
agers putting that money out 
to work have done a remark- 
able job In the last few 
months, but they are working 
under some rather arcane ; 
investment powers, says Mr 
Macgregor. and revising those 
will engage the lawyers for 
some time yeL 

The investment powers, 
given by the courts in 1956. 
look quirky now — for exam- 
ple. they cannot invest in 
Japanese or German compan- 
ies. Mr Macgregor says that 
the trust is becoming increas- 
ingly important in this coun- 
try as government-funded 
research is curtailed. "There 
was a continuing contraction 
because of government cut- 
backs. We fen that if research 
in this country was not going 
to suffer even more than h is 
suffering we had to signifi- 
cantly increase our activities." 

Experts in the field wonder, 
indeed, whether within 10 
years there might not be more 
money available through pri- 
vate sources for new ideas and 
specific project research (as 
opposed to the money needed 
to run research units) than is 
coming from government 

Malcolm Brown 

Happily, your help could 
make all trie difference between 
a healthy old age and infirmity 

Contrary to popular thought infirmity is not an inevitable result of oW age. 

Indeed, medical research b today coming to terms with more and more 
traditional elderty ailments like sente 
dementia, incontinence, wasted muscles, 
tragic bones, hypothermia and loss of taste. 

We've every hope that one day soon 
these can be aired for good. But we need 
your hetp to carry on our work. Over 
£1.000X100 is already well invested in 
nearly 70 hey projects. It's nowhere near 
enough. Please become a Ptiend and hetp 
us make all the difference between a 

healthy old age and infirmity Adding life to yeans 

"toi BRrmHTomDmolTroK^AGE research 

. FK£EP05T, LOflOOn EC4H 1AQ 

I O Hndoseathoiiui;fw£5<£l0/fr00»'i. — - - 

I [“l Heasc -rnitH ms as a friend of Age | — ] Please lei me more aboul jour work and I 

1 — * Research and send my badge. ' — I mheiuawlfanheln. 1 

I oihei ways I can help. 

| fal ron. Her l*lajes») Queen Elizabeth The QucenHother Registered Charily Ha 277* 66 | 

“Medical research 
costs us millions of 
pounds every 

“With your help we can continue to 
offer real hope of reducing the 
consequences of disease and 

Action Research for the 

Crippled Child |§|| fWb 

Vincent House 

North Parade ® ® 


West Sussex RH122DA W 

“Registered Charity ACT IwH J 
Number: 208701.” RESB&CH FOR THE 
"National Fund tor Research mm CRIPPLED CHILD r*" 

Crvphng Diseases. ' — ■ ^ ■ 

'Disease is ancient, and nothing about it has changed l It is 
we who change, as we learn to recognise what was formerly 
Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) 

1 ' 'i • ’iy-' • “l '."y 


Science Museum 


thanks to the generosity 
of the Wellcome Trust, 
the finest medical 

r history exhibition 
in the world ^1S 
is waiting 



The Wellcome Museum of the History of Medicine 

Science Museum, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2DD. Open: 10.00-18.00 Mon-Sat. 14.30-1S.00 Sun. 


Headaches of Sir Henry’s will 

Sir Henry Wellcoiae's will 
runs to more than 40 pages 
and lays down two main 
objectives Tor the trustees: tbe 
advance of research work in 
"medicine, surgery, chemistry, 
physiology, bacteriology, 
therapeutics, materia medico, 
pharmacy and allied subjects, 
and any subject or subjects 
which have or at any time may 
develop any importance for 
scientific research which may 
conduce to tbe improvement of 
the physical conditions of 

It goes on to specify what 
preventions and cares, control 
and exterminations might be 
thought relevant. 

The other objective is tbe 
"establishment, endowment 
and future maintenance of any 
new research or library and for 
the purchase and aqnisition of 
books, manuscripts, docu- 
ments, pictures and other 
works of art and other 

The indefatigable Sir 
Henry, in the middle of these 
thoughts tor tbe fhtnre, did not 
forget the staff, imploring 
them not to smoke or drink 
until they were 26, at least, 
ami then only in moderation. 

He also voiced tbe thought 
that they should be adequately 
paid for their work. 

Tbe wifi caused a great deal 
of work for the lawyers and 
many headaches for the early 
trustees, of whom Sir Henry 
Dale, Nobel prize winner, 
OM, and president of the 
Royal Society, became chair- 
man in 1938. He retired in I960 
at the age of 85. 

Though Dr Peter Williams 
has been Director of the 
Wellcome Trust since 1965, be 
joined the staff in I960. There 
were five on the staff then with 
about £2 million to spend. For 
the first 24 years the trust had 
spent much time sorting out 
the will and was very mnch in 
the hands of accoantants and 
lawyers. Daring the war, little 
conid be done, and there was 
an alarming slump in profit in. 
the 1940s. 

Money was given out twice a 
year - "in great dollops," says 
Dr Williams - mostly to 
universities for much-seeded 
laboratories. By i960 it was 

4 We looked at certain 
subjects like tropical 
medicine, skin diseases, 
medical eye diseases and 
mental health. Most of 
these were neglected 
subjects J 

Dr Peter Williams j 
Director, Wellcome Trust 

dear that new policies and new 
directions were needed. 

From 1965, when Dr Wil- 
liams took over as director, 
with a new board of trustees 
and Lord Franks as chairman, 
this process began in earnest 
"We began tbe transfer from 
filing s to people," says Dr 

The first thing to ask was 
who and what the trust should 
support They began to award 
senior research fellowships, to 
meet and visit idealists, to get 
to know people, and get them- 
selves known. 

The strong inclination, says 
Dr Williams, was to support 
the universities, and with an 
organization which had a lot of 
money, with a number of 
trustees who were distin- 
guished scientists and a 
scientifically-based staff, they 
began to know not only what 
research was being done but 

what was nor being done. 

“We looked at certain sub- 
jects like tropical medicine, 
skin diseases, medical eye 
diseases — such as tbe effect of 
diabetes or high Hood pres- 
sure on the eye — and mental 
health. Most of these were 
neglected subjects." 

He pointed out that schizo- 
phrenia may be inherited, so it 
needed to be tied down by a 
geneticist and a psychiatrist; if 
Huey advertised and offered 
£150,000 over five years to look 
at tbe problem, something 
might come of it. 

Later, as the universities cot 
down on research posts, the 
trust has been able, fly having 
money uncommitted mid avail- 
able, to start setting up re- 
search posts, beginning with 
senior research fellowships 
ami progressing to senior 
lectureships and lecturers on 
five-year contracts. 

V 'Ay- 

Some medical memorabilia from Sir Henry Wellcome’s 
collection, now in the Science Museum 

"There are now about 100 of 
them, forming a background or 
research. We pick them up at 
the right time and keep them 
until they more Into university 
posts or elsewhere." This has 
led to the setting up of expert; 
advisory panels to the trustee* 
-on all the major subjects 01 
which they are interested? 
Lading to a community dl 
interest, which pleases Ire 
Williams. - 

He draws attention to "tig 
£3 million idea" for non-in va- 
sive techniques in studying the. 
brain as part of the trust 9 
interest in mental health. Tbe 
equipment is very expensive - 
£1 million for a scanner. for ; 
example. "We recognise thqt 
the size of the grant must have, 
something to do with the cost 
of the equipment." 

The British Empire no, 
longer exists so research into; 
tropical medicine, backed by, 
the Colonial Office, no longer, 
exists. The Weflcome Trust is. 
setting up units in tropical 
countries and paying for ca-*. 
reer pests. n. 

The brain drain, if not f 
stopped, is staunched a little' 
by the offer of support for 
talent for which a job is not 
immediately available. The" 
trust supports European inter- , 
changes — "even when the” 
Iron Curtain was quite thick"- 
— and. provides funds fot’J 
people from Australia and 
New Zealand to study here^* 
and go back home. ' ^ 

Even the quite small sums of 
money awarded in travel,, 
grants can make a big im- 
pression in broadening the 
horizon. In all this Dr Wil- 
liams is supported by an. 
impressive body of trustees* 
under the chairmanship of Sir 
David SteeL formerly chair-'" 
man of BP and a director of the .. 
Bank of England. 

The deputy chairman is Dr 
C. E. Gordon Smith, dean at/ 
the London School of Hygiene - 
and Tropical Medicine. Other . 
members are Lord Swann, Dr" 
Helen Muir, Sir Stanleys. 
Peart Sir William Pa ton and' ' 
Roger Gibbs. 

Sir Henry’s shade mast look - • 
on with approraL •«- 

Philippa TooraeV;: 


To be published next week 

Physic and 

A History of the Wellcome Trust 



This fascinating history of the Trust marks the 
celebration of its fiftieth anniversary. Professor A. 
Rupert Hall, a prominent science historian, long 
associated with the Trust, and B. A. Bembridge, a 
former Trust scientist, have between diem written a 
lucid and well informed account which charts the 
development of the organisation from its inception in 
1936 to the present day. 

The first half of the book describes the early 
vicissitudes of the Trust and the evolution of its policy 
over fifty years. The second half describes in more 
detail the Trust's programmes of research which the 
Trustee’s grants have made possible. 

478 p/x 0 521 32639 7 £25.00 net 

For further information on this title and others 
related to tbe history of medicine, please write to 
Annette Duggan, at tbe address below. 


University Press 

The Edinburgh Building, Shaftesbury Road, 
Cambridge CB2 2RU. England 


at the ' 


This University gratefully acknowledges 
the support of the Wellcome Trust for the 
advancement of research in: 

Basic Dental Science 
Biological Sciences 
History of Medicine 
Medicine j 

Obstetrics and Gynaecology / 
Pharmacology / 

Pharmacy fc. 

Surgery *£ 

Dean of Medicine, Medical School 

Generous support from the 
Wellcome Trust has 
greatly assisted the College 
Faculties of Medical 
Sciences and Clinical 
Sciences to achieve their 
high ratings for research 
including recent stars for 
Anatomy, Physiology and 

The new U ni versity 
College and Middlesex 
School of Medicine looks 
forward to similar close 
collaboration with the 
Wellcome Trust in the 
years to come. 




Gower Street London WCLE 6BT 


T1 ■ 



Just as they did, 
give us a call and 
We'll come 


has undertaken work for many 
sectors of Wellcome (we even, 
coincidentally through a 
banking client, helped with 
the pic share flotation). 

We are therefore very pleased to 
offer our own 50th anniversary 
congratulations to a valued 

Given the work they do, we are 
also extremely proud of our 
association aind friendship. 

Manpower — temporary help providers 
to the Wellcome Trust, the Institute, 
the Foundation. 

Arid to more' companies than anyone 

LONDON tiW 2BU PHONE: 01-388JJ686 

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( FOCUS)’) 


Publicity Of 




Sir Henry 
founder of 
the fortune 
that provid- 
ed the Well- 
come Trust, 
was born 
not quite in 
a_ log cabm, but on a pioneer 
ferm in Wisconsin in 1853. At 
the age of eight he travelled by 
ojvered wagon to Garden 
trty, Minnesota, in a large 
group for fear of Indians — a 
well-justified fear. 

His family had moved into 
the middle of the Great Sioux 
Indian war, and Henry helped 
nis uncle Jacob, a doctor, not 
only to look after the 
wounded, but to cast bullets as 

It was perhaps prophetic, in 
that practicality and philan- 
ihropy continued to be his 
main line of business, and his 
own personal passion. 

He also had a talent for 
publicity, inventing a “Magic 
Ink" when he was only 16. He 
Formed an early interest in 
medicine and pharmacy 
through working in his unde's 
drug store, and continued to 

work his way through college, 
from Phils 

graduating from Philadelphia 
College of r 

-ollege of Pharmacy in 1874. 
Trom then on. ft was the 
business world for him. and he 

Pioneer of medicine Henry Welkotne, right, and friend posing with antlered prize in the forests of Maine, New England, 
a century ago. Wellcome was a dedicated collector, on a scale rivalling that of Wilfiam Randolph Hearst 

Studying forests 
in South America 

made his reputation as a 
travelling salesman at S16 a 

His work took him to South 
America, where he studied the 
chinchona forests (used in the 
preparation of quinine) and 
published his results in Amer- 
ica, and in the Pharmaceutical 
Journal of Great Britain. 

Soon afterwards he went 
into business for himself with 
Silas Burroughs, a former 
college friend, and the firm of 
Burroughs Wellcome was 
established in 1880. 

As Helen Turner says, in her 
excellent short biography of 
Henry Wellcome, the firm was 
started “in the right place at 
the right time by two men 
fully-equipped to seize their 

(a led dose which was also 
portable and did not need to 
be taken with a spoon from a 

His genius for publicity 
ensured that every explorer, 
such as H. M. Stanley, or 
person in the public eye 
(ranging from kings to presi- 
dents) was presented with a 
“tabloid” medicine chest 

When Burroughs died of 
pleurisy in 1895, Henry 
Wellcome was sole owner of 
an imemational business, 
which continued to expand 
and flourish. 

Sir Henry became a British 
subject in 1910 and was 
knighted in 1932. The 1936 
edition of Who’s Who. the 
year he died, runs to more 
than a column, listing his. 
achievements, but few per- 
sonal details. The Times 
obituary described him as a 
“quiet reticent and almost 
shy man, slightly above mid- 
dle height - ■ - alert and 
quickly brightening up when 
he became interested in some 
topic of conversation". 

Somerset Maugham, and after 
that marriage foiled, to be a 
successful interior decorator. 
, Their son, who has never 
taken any part in the business, 
is still abve. 

Sir Henry Dale, who knew 
Wellcome as well as anyone 
could, said of him: “When, a 
young man, I entered his 
Physiological Research Lab- 
oratories, he told me, in what I 
came to regard as the frankest 
and most revealing talk I ever 

paintings, books and ies — with a research boat 
advertisements — employing which cruised the Nile and its 
agents who scanned cat- tributaries in the Sudan, 
alogues and reported to him He also founded research 
personally before the de- laboratories in the Panama 
risions to buy were made. The Canal, and set up hospitals 
scale of his purchases is and medical services in 
reminiscent of the collections Uganda. 

of William Randolph Hearst 
in the United States, and in 
this country, of Sir William 

His funds went on 
medical research 

In 1901, at the age of 48, he 
married the beautiful, 21-year- 
okl Gwendoline Syrie Bar- 
nard o, daughter of Dr 
Barnardo. who was famous for 
his social work. 


enry Wellcome invented 
the word “tabloid” in 1884, to 
coyer the compressed, regu- 

A son was born in 1903, but 
the marriage broke up in 1909 
and a divorce came through 
six years later. Wellcome and 
his wife never met again. 

She went on to many 

had with him, that he chose to 
spend his wealth in supporting 
research, as another man 
might choose to spend his on a 
raring stable. 

“He made ft clear that 
research, giving results which 
could be applied in increasing 
the prosperity of his business, 
would have an added claim on 
his appreciation, but only as 
giving him eventually a yet 
wider opportunity to support 

“I believe that to have been 
a perfectly sincere statement 
of his attitude, and his whole 
subsequent career has justified 

Like Burrell, Wellcome had 
a great eye for a bargain, and 
money was carefully spent, 
sometimes in junk shops — 8s 
6d for a pair of 18th-century 
handcuffs used on lunatics, for 

Henry Wellcome travelled 
widely, and his arrival in the 
Sudan after it had been cap- 
tured by General Gordon led 
to the foundation of his 
Tropical Research Laborator- 

His interests included two 
archaeological explorations, at 
Jebel Moya in the Sudan, and 
at Lac hi sh, near Jerusalem. 

It was an extraordinary, 
vigorous, successful life, and 
yet as Sir Henry Dale said. 
“Sir Henry Wellcome, for a 
man of such wide and gen- 
erous interests and activities, 
was curiously lonely, and it 
may be doubled whether any- 
one knew him with sufficient 
intimacy to do more than 
speculate as to his real feelings 
and motives". 

Another successful 
client, Binder? 



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Sir Henry was also in- 
terested in the idea of a 
museum of the history of 
medicine, although be saw it 
as a history of mankind. 

He collected everything — 


The University of Edinburgh is proud to have been associated 
over 50 years with the work of the Wellcome Trust in advancing 
research and developments in human and veterinary medicine 
and in promoting the study of the history of medicine. 

On the occasion of this 50th anniversary, the University records 
its tribute to the prescience of Sir Henry Wellcome, and to the 
Commitment of the Trustees in further developing the Wellcome 
Trust’s role as a major international supporter of medical and 

scientific research. 

The University offers its best wishes and pledges its support for 
the work of the Wellcome Trust over its next half century. 


\ Congratulat 



Best Wishes 




□ ■ 

j » 

:. The Bowring Building 

Tower Place London EC3P 3BK 

: \ JiKTOltfr nTTlii- Bering Gn»up and | | 

: \twsh S MrLiuaan Gumijanlfs. Inr 1 L 

To The Wellcome Trust 

Congratulations on your 
50th Anniversary 
and Best Wishes for 

the Future. 

Midland Bank pic 


Head Office: Poultry, London, EC2P 2BX 





. a 










a liL t'y L 6 l>A 1 Gt. i oijjtK JL'i i *06 



Funding the war against tropical disease 

Of the many vital 
fields of medical 
research mi which 
the Wellcome 
Trust has had a 
big impact, none 
ranks higher in 
importance than 
tropical medicine 
and infections diseases. These re- 
ceived special emphasis in Sir 
Henry Wellcome’s will. 

- The trust devotes £5 million 
annually to funding research on 
diem, in Britain and overseas, and to 
teaching. It is the only field in which 
Che trust plays a teaching role. 

This stems from the existence of 
Wellcome’s celebrated museum of 
tropical medicine. The museum 
could be regarded, says Dr Peter 
Williams, the trust's director, as an 
attractive ‘‘textbook mi the waif” for 
young doctors and nurses. Its value 
has been enhanced in recent years 
by the Wellcome Tropical Institute, 
which was established to provide, 
s upe r vise and evaluate resources for 
leaching tropical medicine. 

But it is in its support for 
research, rather than teaching, that 
the trust does its most notable work. 
It is financing several projects of 
particular value. 

At Salem, in Brazil, at the mouth 
of the Amazon, two British biolo- 
gists, Dr Ralph Lainson and Dr 
Geoffrey Shaw, are conducting 
pioneering studies of the disease 
espundia, in which ulcerative lesions 
destroy the tissues of the nose, 
mouth, throat, eyes and ears and 
even the underlying bone. 

ft has long been known that the 
disease arises from a parasite which 
is carried to its victims by the 
sandfly, but when studies began the 
precise mechanisms of this were 
only barely understood. 

Thanks to fieldwork throughout 
the huge Amazon region, which the 
trust has funded, the particular 
varieties of parasite and sandfly 
involved have been identified. 

In Jamaica, Dr and Mis Michael 
Golden have conducted research for 
the past decade, under the aegis of 
the trust which has greatly ad- 
vanced tmderstanding of the de- 
ficiency disease, kwashiokor. This 
leads to severe malnutrition, es- 
pecially in children. 

The Goldens have established 
that die condition may be due not to 
insaffteKnt protein, as widely 
thought, but lo other aspects of the 
malnourished body's metabolism 
such as the absence of trace 

Such research has considerable 
implications for feeding pro- 
grammes and bow the money raised 
or provided for these by charities 
and governments is spent 

It is noteworthy that this unit's 
research is being carried out to 
association with the Rowett Re-' 
search Institute of Aberdeen. As Eh' 
Williams points out the Wellcome 
Trust readily co-operates with other 
bodies when that is appropriate. 

At Nairobi and the coastal town of 
Kali ft, in Kenya, the trust fluids a 
unit operating under the auspices of 
the Kenya Medical Research In- 
stitute, which carries out studies in a 
variety of important fields. These 
include the resistance of malaria to 
treatment by drugs as well as work 
on other virions tropical diseases. 

The trust's research unit at 
Vellore, India, is investigati ng the 
debilitating diarrhoea! _ disease 
sprue, wd similar conditions. As 
yet the cause of sprue has not been 
d e termin ed, but die wholly Indian 
research team has developed an 
effective treatment 

Snakebites, rabies and cerebral 
malari a, all potentially fatal con- 
ditions, are under study at the trnsfs 
unit in Bangkok, led by Dr David 
Worrall in collaboration with the 
Oxford tropical research pro- 

gramme. One major finding has 
been that a widely accepted form of 
treatment for cerebral malaria, the 
administration of steroid drugs, is a 
mistaken therapy. 

All the studies at Bangkok are 
linked with academic research in 
Britain — at Oxford University, the 

6 It is not a question 
of giving them all the 
money they need . . . 
It is more a matter of 
providing the start-up 
money, creating the 
initiative, getting the 
ball rolling 9 

Rowett Institute and the London 
School of Hygiene and Tropical 
Medicine — in such a way. Dr 
W illiam points out that basic 
science is applied to medical need. 

Such work must have an under- 
pinning structure of fellowships, 
lectu r e sh ips and awards. The trust 
funds advanced training fellowships 
tei tropical medicine and infections 
diseases, designed to enable young, 

promising scientists to extend their 
post-doctoral training by two years 
in any laboratory which offers 
opportunities in their special fields. 
It also finances senior lectureships 
for basic and clinical scientists, as 
wefl as lectureships for full-time 
research in tropical countries. 

Britain once led the world in 
tropical medicine, and much of that 
legacy remains. Nevertheless, the 
extent of British research in this 
area has declined, and the trust has 
been active at enlisting the support 
of sod institutions as the Common- 
wealth Secretariat and the World 
Health Organization to enable re- 
search to coattone. 

“It is not a question of giving them 
all the money they need for specific 
projects,” says Dr WflKams. “It is 
more a matter of providing the start- 
up money, creating the initiative, 
getting the ball rolling. ” 

Dr Williams has chaired key 
WHO committees in this area. 
Together with his deputy. Dr Brid- 
get Ogjlvie, a parasitologist by 
training, he and the trust have 
played a notable nrie in stimulating 
others to make their own contribu- 
tion to the understanding, and 
perhaps eventually tin conquer, of 
tropical disease. 


t P rogress in science." says 
Professor Sydney Brenner, of 
Cambridge University, “de- 
pends on new techniques, new 
discoveries and new ideas, 
probably in that order." 

As often as not, it is the new 
tools and technologies rather 
than new thoughts which en- 
able major advances to be 

That is certainly true in 
medical science, and the 
Wellcome Trust has consis- 

The tools for scientific advance 

lenily acknowledged this. One 
of its earliest decisions after 
World War II. was to put 
money into new tools. 

This was to lead to what has 
been called “the peat break- 
through in cell biology — a 
massive invasion of the sub- 
cellular world". 

Wellcome Trust grants have 


been awarded most notably 
for X-ray crystallography 
equipment, electron micro- 
scopes, ultracentrifuges and 
nuclear magnetic resonance 

X-ray crystallography is a 
key to the study of the 
structure of proteins in the 
human body. As early as 1957, 

Professor J. D. Bernal was The use of a Wellcome- 
a warded £1.000 for a pre- funded ultracentrifuge to split 
cession X-ray camera for in- cells into their constituents 
vestigations on virus struc- has made it possible to eiu- 
ture. cidaie the structure of anti- 

1111962, a grant of £70,000 bodies. The technique of 
was given to assist the Medical nuclear magnetic resonance, 
Research Council to set up its too, helps to determine struc- 

Royal Postgraduate Medical School 

at Hammersmith Hospital 

RPMS is the only multi-disciplinary postgraduate medical school in the 
Unibed Kingdom. It is a leading international centre for medical 
research and education and was one of only two university medical 
institutions recently rated by the University Grants Committee as 
outstanding across the whole field of its research activities. 

Much less than half the School’s total income now comes from 
Government sources. In particular our research effort depends on 
funding from other bodies, such as the Wellcome Trust 

The School wishes to take this opportunity bo congratulate the Trust 
on having attained its 50th Anniversary, and express its gratitude for 
the substantial support that the Trust has given to research in the 
School. The Trust is currently funding research at the School in many 
fields, including: 

• the genetic structure of the virus causing glandular fever 

• the nature and mechanism of the transport of iron in 
human blood 

• the hormones responsible for the function of the gall 

• the understanding of nephritis and its treatment by 
plasma exchange 

• the cells responsible for inflammation in skin diseases 
such as contact dermatitis. 

The RPMS recently celebrated its own 50th Anniversary, and the 
School’s Jubilee Appeal has aimed to raise funds to support medical 
research in these and other areas. For further information about the 
School and Jubilee Appeal please contact John Williams at our Jubilee 
Appeal Office, RPMS, Du Cane Road, London W12 OHS (01-7403245). 

molecular-biology research 
unit at Cambridge for studies 
in such fields as genetics, 
protein chemistry and elec- 
tron microscopy. These and 
similar awards have played a 
big part in applying X-ray 
crystallography to biological 

The electron microscope, 
costing £100,000 or so. is vital 
to biological research because 
of its very high resolving 
power. That enables the clos- 
est study of the body at the 
cellular level - of muscle, 
nerves, skin and every other 
kind of human tissue, whether 
healthy or diseased. 

-g In 1985, the trust advertised 

/"I \ 7Q that it had £1.5 million avail- 

V V able for major equipment 

T ^ during the year. The trust’s 

The use of a Wellcome- director, Dr Peter Williams. 
Funded ultracentrifuge to split says: “We were fools; that sum 
rells into their constituents was a trifle by the price 
has made it possible to du- standards of modem equip- 
ridaie the structure of anti- ment” 
todies. The technique of Applications fo a value of 
fiuclear magnetic resonance, £11.5 million were quickly 
too, helps to determine struc- received, and the trust e ven- 
ture and to obtain such tually decided to double its 
equipment allocation for the 

Equipment in ^ hat we discovered 

huge demand through our silly ad,” Dr 
Williams said, “is that the 
information as the nature of demand for research cqnjp- 

biochemical processes as they 
actually occur in undisturbed 

Though the trust has made 
few awards for equipment 
used in nudear magnetic res- 
onance, these have been 

mem is enormous, and that 
the system cannot" keep up 
with it at present." 

Molecular biology, in part- 
icular, now central to much of 
the advance in medical sci- 
ence, requires the use of 

particularly significant The 'expensive technology. Not 
equipment makes it possible only is the equipment itself 

to examine the behaviour of 
the molecules that constitute 
living tissue. 

needed, so are the trained staff 
who use it and who train 
future users. And if there is 


Congratulates the Wellcome Trust on its 50th Anniversary. 

Values its place as a leading beneficiary of the Trust 

Acknowledges its indebtedness for current support in 
Medicine, Science, Agriculture and History through lecture- 
ships, fellowships and research grants. 

Foresees the continuation of a fruitful partnership. 


not to be a disastrous loss of 
morale among researchers, 
and yet more highly-skilled 
and qualified scientists lost to 
the brain drain, there must be 
an assured career structure. 

All this is taken into ac- 
count by the Wellcome Trust. 
“We see it as a necessity to 
make career funding a major 
part of our support,” Dr 
Wi lliams explained. “It is 
pointless to train someone in 
an elaborate way unless there 
is career security.” 

“The private sector cannot 
displace the Stale. There is 
still a crucial role for govern- 
ment centrally because the 
private sector's money is too 
ephemeral and in too many 
hands to finance major new 

“It needs to be made very- 
dear that though the balance 

has changed, it is very im- 
portant that the government 
mechanism focusses on seeing; 
that its role is still strong and 
that it does not assume char- 
ities will take over.” 

That said, it is notorious 
that the government’s own 
agency, the Medical Research 
Council, feels threatened by 
loss of money, prestige and 
position, in contrast, the 
Wellcome Trust has flexibil- 
ity, while not being obliged to 
maintain major institutions. - ; 

The trust emphasises that it 
is still eager to examine and 
fond new ideas. “The trustees 
invite the research commu- 
nity to put proposals to it 
even though they may not fit 
into the current categories of 

on your 



.a V ' • 1 

Henderson Pension Fund' Management. 

Investment Managers To The Wellcome Trust. 

f : I 1 ' 



\'/ • /I' 



25 Copthall Avenue, London EC2R 7DR. Telephone: 01-638 5858. j I 46 grosvknor Gardens ■ London swiw oeb • telephone 01-750 5456 

'JAc* M 

We offer the Wellcome Trust congratulations on its 50th 
Anniversary and thank the Trust for its continuing sup- 
port of our research. jub 


Keppel Street London WC1E 7HT. 
Telephone 01-636 8636 

Our congratulations on 
past achievements and 
our best wishes 
for the future. 

Cameron Markby 

Moor House, London Wall, 
London EC2Y 5HE 
Tel: 01 638 4090 
Fax: 01 628 9660 
Telexf 884525 

4 Rue de la FLanche 
75007 Pkris Tel: 
Telex: 250663 

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University of Glasgow jjlg 
The Wellcome Trust 
on its 50th Anniversary 


: - : x*i ■■■).'- w.^SS^ ■■ ji 

• v. £; /•"<' • -■*■' • £' 

•♦ 1 • • . • ’ > 

The institute’s libra 
tins, and right. 

w, and from it, a 16th-century woodcut, left, from Andreas Vesa- 
Elizabeth visiting a hospitaT by Adam Etehehner, c. 1598 

The great collection 
that nearly vanished 

The history 
of median e, 
says Dr Wil- 
head of the 
Unit of the 
Insitute for the History of 
Medicine, is a subject which is 
taken much more seriously 
now by historians. Health and 
d i sease are seen to touch 
everything: diet and clothing, 
Irving conditions, poverty and 
social conditions, war and 

The unit provides courses 
for undergraduate and post- 
graduate students in associ- 
ation with University College 
London and programmes of 
seminars and symposia for the 
medical community. 

There are seven academics, 
and with the part-timers and 
the specialist librarians and 
staff, it is one of the bi&est 
academic centres in the world 
for this particular discipline. 

In the 1960s the trust 
founded several units — in 
Oxford, Cambridge, Glasgow, 
and most recently, Manches- 
ter— for the study, in the hope 
that, as with University Col- 
lege, the University would 

To a m pdiral man or a 
scientist, there Is no such thing 
as a “breakthrough”. To the 
Wellcome Trust, mflestone. 
discoveries or the heady prom- 
ise of a Nobel Prize are really 
not what it is about 

Dr Peter Williams says: 

take them on. The hopes faded 
through the hungry 1970s, as 
the units continue to be 
funded by the Wellcome 

The academic staff also 
■publishes research, and in due 
course hopes to write a general 
systematic history of its sub- 
ject from Egypt to the 20th 
century. One would need a 
certain amount of hubris to 
attempt this personally, says 
Dr Bynum, “ but we have 
sufficient collective hubris to 
do h together" taking in the 
Sanscrit manuscripts, for 
example, on the way. 

The great glory of the 
Institute for the History of 
Medicine is, of course,the 

He bought three 
private libraries 

library. Sir Henry collected 
books between 1898 and 1936, 
and one of his ambitions was 
to acquire a copy of every 
book printed on the history of 

He came quite close to his 
aim, buying the private librar- 
ies of William Morris, J. F. 
Payne, and Kurt Wolff. The 
library owns books by most of 

the great names from antiq- 
uity to the Renaissance, 
mostly in original or early 
editions. Later purchases in- 
clude 11,000 books from the 
library of the Medical Society 
of London, and there are 
separate collections that in- 
clude western manuscripts, 
the American Collection (with 
particular emphasis on Span- 
ish America), Oriental books 
and manuscripts. 

In 1979 a Contemporary 
Archives Centre was set up to 
encourage the preservation of 
records; the library holds the 
papers o£ among others. Sir 
Ernst Chain, Dr Marie Slopes, 
and the records of the Eugen- 
ics Society and the Multiple 
Sclerosis Society. Three 
shelves hold a month's supply 
of new books — from Plague 
Etotoxicology to Royal Kew 
and Madeleine Masson's pic- 
ture history of nursing. 

The current series of lec- 
tures dwells rather lingeringly 
on the Plague, (seven, ranging 
from' Jastinian to the 

All libraries have the prob- 
lem of expansion, and when 
even tualy, the institute, takes 
over the whole building when 
the Wellcome Foundation 
moves to other premises, an 

A trust secret 

this land ef grant accounted where academic research has right He says: “atouim tour 
for 69 per cent of foe trust’s needed a helping hand' — for million women m ft® UK. have 
expenditure. With foe Univer- example the years spent in significant bone disease - 
sfty expansion of the 1960s, gnming practical surgical mainly- osteop®rosis ro™®og 
the University Grants experience leave little time for the menopause, but mso 
Committee for once had erigfeal research. Paget’s Disease *fiectn*g foe 

enough funds to takeover. The The trust was to c o ntribute bone, and cancer affecting the 
trust switched hs emphasis to to the country's first C hair of skeleton, 
supplying electron micro- Surgery at the University of “But though some of these 
scopes. With the ca pac i t y to Cambridge, held fey Roy Caine conditions are amenable to 
magnify image details up to of transplant fame. Dr WB- treatment, resources are gen- 
150,000 times, they repre- hams says: “We only helped to erally inadequate. - 
seated a valuable new tool, end fond foe post the university » VM -*- 1 ^ 

10 were provided to various chose foe man.” __?*?? SJETisS? 

arrangement has been made 
with the BMA mid the Royal 
Society of Medicine to take its 
historical books, leaving the 
two libraries to concentrateon 
contemporary medicine. 

By that time. Sir Henry’s 
ambition of possessing one 
copy of every book on. the 
subject might well be fulfilled. 

what is at the moment on 
display in the museum is a 
small but fascinating ex- 
hibition. A Vision of History. 

The museum contains a 
. rationalization of the extraor- 
dinary quantity of material 
collected by Sir Henry, some 
of which — the late 19th- 
century and early 20th-cen- 
tury photographs, for example 

while at foe ' University of 
Oxford. His own interest in 
metabolic bone disease is not, 
as yet, a speciality in its own 
right. He says: “Around four 
nullion women In foe UK have 
significant bone disease — 

- are still in the process of 
being catalogued. Twenty 
years ago. Dr Bynum thinks. 

Bronze of Jenner 
vaccinating a child 

such material might well have 
been thrown away. 

The museum has had a 
chequered career, spending 
much of its time in store, or in 
packing cases. In 1955 there 
was a very restricted display in 
the Wellcome Building (now 
the Institute) at l83Euston 
Road, London, and much 
materia], not strictly con- 
cerned with the History of 
Medicine, was despatched in 

1977 to the Science Museum 
on permanent loan. 

What remains is connected 
with the subject, however 
tenuously, from the life-size 
bronze of Jenner vaccinating 
an infont which is strongly 
resisting the process (Sir 
Hemy bought all the Jenner 
memorabilia for £500) to arte- 
facts. some of which, particu- 
larly the surgical instruments, 
bring shudders to 20th-cen- 
tury flesh. Sir Henry also 
collected medical paintings 
and statuary with foe same 

The exhibition is open. Mon- 
days to Fridays. 9.45 am to 
5.45 am. until April W. 1987. 


-• - j ‘ V 1 

In 1944, Fuller Reiser provided a valuation 
for The Wellcome Foundation Limited. 

Ever since then, as the range of our 
professional services has grown, we've been 
proud of our association with both 
The Wellcome Trust and Wellcome pic. 

And now, we look forward with equal pride 
to the next fifty years of growth together. 



Progressive and Professional. 

TELEPHONE: 01-353 6851. 


the years foe trust has nrade 
peaks of research happen in a 
political scene that’s not really 
helping research.” 

In the early 1950s when, for 
foe first tune, the trust W 
substantial sums at its dis- 
posal, rather than bnfld and 
ran its own units, throughout 
the 1950s and 1960s it had a 
series of programmes to buslcl, 
extend and re-equip other 
institutions’ laboratories. 

Between' 1956 and 1958, 

gaming practical surgical mainly osteoporosis followiug 
q riaice leave little time for the menopause, but ako 

soc ial research. 

Paget’s Disease aflectmg the 

Tfe trust was to c o ntribute bone, and cancer affecting foe 
to the country’s first Chair of skeleton. 

Surgery at the University of “But though some of these 

■ — ■ j L.l J 11 .M .. .. t ~“ — - 

150,000 times, they repre- 
sented a valuable new tool, and 
H) were provided to various 

Today, foe trust’s links with 

“Right now, if yon really 
d TC^ahwJs has been am mt to stndy ho H ?J?f ease ’ 
T. n i nnntc (nr nthoM Australia, or mt® the 

this type of grant have dis- Travel grants, for instance, „ 

appeued. Huuhas freed it t. here be£ going for MyaSi ptam«*«ticel mdiBfry. 

concentrate on other areas 

(University of London) 

warmly congratulates the 
Wellcome Trust 
and thanks it 
for all its support 
over the years 

“It's small money, but prob- 
ably more important than 
paying for a Mg laboratory, ” 
says Dr Williams. 

Large-scale generosity is mi 
offer through competitive 
Fellowships. These allow 
promising young doctors to 
sidestep the career system for 
five years, to pursue research 
with minimal clinical 

John Kanis, now reader in 
Human Metabolism and 
Clinical Biochemistry at the 
University of Sheffield, re- 
ceived his Fellowship in 1976 

To do this, of course, re- 
quires political nous, influen- 
tial contacts - and a lot of 
patience. Last moato’s meet- 
ing of Commonwealth officials 
had on foe agenda a plan to 
recruit doctors to help their 
fellows in member countries 
develop their research skills. 
The secret of the esteem in 
which others hold the trust is 
simple. It does not require a 
magic wand. Just 50 years of 
experience to prodding the 
system and seeing what 

Deanna Wilson 

James Capel & Co 

BDA— the largest 
single contributor to 
Diabetic Research in the UK. 

10 Queen Anne Street London 

. ^ KEG. CHARITY No. 215199 

Oxford, the only university 

whose undergraduate clinical 
\ mm l school was starred for re- 
\^=®g=/ search in the recent U.G.C. 

XJBfr/ Selectivity Review, thanks the 

Wellcome Trust for it’s gen- 
erosity over the last 50 years and 
comgratulates it on its record of service to 
the understanding and relief of suffering. 


Congratulates The Wellcome Trust 
on its 50th Anniversary 

46 New Broad Street, London, EC2M 1NB 
01-256 7500 

International Investment 

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N-' K E S 1 U E N T 1 A L 

£26 0 pw 

£or8pvimrt wShjtI- 

. vate garden. 3 beds, 2 
receptions, r 

Little Venice Office 
B1-2S6 4632 

£700 pw 

Charming House, newly 
decorated & furnished to 
■ a vary Hgti standard. 3 
bedrooms. 2 bathrooms, 
cloaks. 2 receptions & 

msm PLACE W2 

£275 rw 

Beautifurty refurnished 

mews house wnh pine 
fitments & new fumish- 

£250- 500 pw 

We have a seto cti on of 
magnificent Rats In this 
ultra modem Thames 
side development. 24 
hour porterage & 

| Send to: I 

Puerto Sotogrande, 27 HH1 Street 
f London WIX8AS (leL 01 493 2333) i 


From £40,000 with 
golf share rights. 

A limited number of luxury garden apartments are now 
offered for immediate purchase on the exclusive Sotogrande 
estate, with occupation scheduled for (ate 19 ff 7 . 

Part of the prestigious Centro Sotogrande development 
will be in secluded, private gardens, with a swimming pool 
and good security. All will have garages and terraces with 
wide sea views. 

The magnificent shopping and leisure facilities of Centro 
Sotogrande will be on the doorstep, as will Sotogrande’s 
famous outdoor sporting facilities. 

Prices represent the best value for money in Sotogrande 
and carry the right to a golf share. 

* One bed duplex penthouses. From £40.000 

* Two and three bed apartments. From £52,500 

Please contact one of our offices below for further details 


Fincasol Ltd. Fincasol Ltd 

18 Queen Street Mayfair. 4 Bridge Street Salisbury. 

London W1X7PJ Wiltshire SP1 2LX , - 

Tel: 01 -499 6187/491 1670 TW ; 0722 26444 filfcWSKffll 

TBex: 477517 WTS C WX M nKn T- 

’Prices based on current exchange rate of El. 00 =■ 200 PT5 


Kjiranco -\ 


are proud to present the developers of Spa in’s finest homes at 


Wed 5th fie Thur 6th November 

Marie Antoinette Suite, 1 lam -8pm 

lINCLUDinG — - ^ 


Invitations from: Aranco Overseas 
18 Queen Street Mayfeic London W1X 7PJ 
Telephone 01-499 6187 


Buy direct & save money 

Villas, bungalows, townhouses, apartments 
We offer value for money in prime positions 
from £10,000 to £100,000 

Can for brochures end further information; 


Group Caja Tentorial de Madrid, 145 Oxford Street, London W1. 
Tel: 01-434 0484 (24 hr* answering service) 


1 bad apafe stand pool £9,625 

2 bed 4>*ts stared pool £17.187 
1 bed m agn ate £13,125 
Hague low cost inspection fights 
All properties canty constructed. 
Near sea. steps, esc. 



Bolebec House. Luxurious executive ser- 
vice apartments available in prestige 
block. Fitted out to highest standard to 
include colour TV, video etc. 
Service full use of business centre, 24 
hour porterage, maid service, under- 
ground parking. 

Studio and 1 bedroom units currently 
available from £325 p.w (min 90 days). 
Tel: 01 235 2549 (Office hours). (T) 


WAITING - 4 Bed 
Warehouse fin with Rivet- 
Views & Balcony. Huge 
Recep. Kit/Draing. 2 
Baths. Shower. Utility. 
Quality Fits. UfL Parking. 

LIMEHOUSE - 3/4 Bed 
Townhouse onto River, 
Terrace & Garage. Recep, 
Kit Dining. 3 Baths, 
Utility. £375pw. 

penthouse in listed 
warehouse. Ong features. 
River Views. Roof 
Terrace. Recep. Kit. 
Dining, Bath, Slower. 
Utility. Comm Swim pool 
Lift, Parking. £290pw. 

DOCK - Very pretty 
cottage with truly elegant 
fittings. Recep.. RiL Bath, 
Bed. Study. Pauo & Vows 
onto Docks. Sep Cange. 


Carleton Smith & Co. 

01-488 9017 * 

A spacious, elegantly furnished flat in a 
newly restored Edwardian Mansion block 
which offers a resident Management Of- 
fice and 24 hour Security. Accomodation 
comprises: double drawing room, dining 
room, 3/4 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms, spa- 
cious entrance hall and fully fitted 
kitchen. £850 p.w. 

01-221 3590 

-Ufa in- 

tennis c ourts, Port erage. CJL etc. 2 bedroom. 2 
kitchen, bsttiaon 


01-736 5503 

: a 

Eodi spodous and beautifully exported property on the Royal Heights is set in the privacy 
aid scanty of its own luxurious landscaped gardens. Vlas wlh 3-5 bedooms and 
private pool, hid mahtenonce and seanty semes, range from £160.000 to £250,000 
and mortgages re cnratohle. Ft* our indue ad 01-836 5333 ot contort ony i^Hrtufale 
agent. Or mange a pesondwifto Ihe site. Out offices ore open 7 r a.,/ . 

days a week (Tet Mabefc 773368 ot 77340). London Office: 141 .'rzr&Hrir. 
Dnny Late, London WC28 5TH. leL- 01-836 5333 Jimp 



The Dream Come True 
Simply the Best 
British Backed Luxury Project 
Spectacular Sea and Mountain Views 


For Purchases Completed by 30-11-86 
Phone: 8533 555295 or 0538 242508 


SUNDAY 2 NOVEMBER 1986 72-8 p.m. 


Tavnerstai 01-549 4251 

Dantruc Naur. PI-177 London Boat. Kingston^**'- Trainer Stum' *7? NZA 


Chateau. South of Franc* nrar 
Monrpdller. 3 Bros. 2 naitn. 
lame salon. MKfien living 
room. 13 aero prnjMr land, 
r 06.000 Reply la BOX fbb 

COTE tfAZUa - Private owner 
wnlws to sell 340 wj Ri luxun- 
etc, villa, pool. iO nun. 
CANNES centre. Fine sea view 
Landscaped garden. Tel: 
FRANCE 93 B6 22 51. 

ROUSMUON. Very Urge clurac- 
ler House, qiuel vlOage. fooUULtt 
Pyrenees sw mHes sea. Conver- 
iMD pdentud. £56.000. Tei 
0933 776919. 

FRANCE - AD region* - cottage? • 
rtiaieaux from £10.000 Fi- 
nance available. Bro chure, 
vmolet LW 01465 2733. 

17 NWS ST RAPHAEL. S bed- 
room villa, terrace. Bagnois on 
Ford. 1/3 acre E6S.OOO ono. 
Tel: 01-942 5013. 



Westen «wne 

We bnU sunt rttas rantfng 
(ran £29.CiOUtO 000.0000. 

For full detads cai or write our 
Eton office. 130 ttgn Street. 
Eton. Winds*. Berta Slfi 6AR. 
Tet 0753 866B12. 

ALCMRVE. Nr Sd,ev Rare op- 
portunity to purrtiase 1 acre 
Dials wilh ouisunalng ?tew? or 
surrounding nius and valleys. 
The peace and manly cl toe 
irue Ainurve. yrt w,nun & mm- 
ules of Sihes. £6.000 eacti. we 
can also Quid vour villa from 
£20.003. Please Ditone: Martin 
Properties. Portugal Tei: Old 
451 823 4635 or Telex 58858 



Apertmerns/ Viflas/T own Houses evsriabte 
rr-n<, ft « hom E23.000 up to £150.000 (Freehold) 
CorAlNA Free msoecuon flights to purchasers 
Mongage faciiiues available Buyers' 
legal and fnancrai nghts hAv proteaed. 

Please contact: Casas Espana Ltd.. Concorde House. 

43a High St Barkmgside. Word. 

Esse* K36 2 AO Tel: (01) 551 6825/6884 

6ateny te tta tends 
PMa IMH rttata - luM«y 
nSas writ) gardens 6 roonrajs. 
Mam taotbes awirtUt From 

Vltaner Whte LBL. Oonmc 
House. 177. London W. 
KBgstni u^n 'Mnes. Sirrey 

01546 9485. 


& Costa Blanca Nee properties 
bom £10.000 ro £200.000. Also 
resales, bnmouses. busscsses. 
£55 mchsNB mspecum Ibgnts. 

Mkboal Carter Coewtteta. 

7/ 9 Lindrd—ne tee. 
Loiglhoe-8aa. Essex sty 1U. 
Tet 87B2 713963 6 566110 
(can). (Heaters ol F0PDAC). 

NR PA R MA, urn aurtiwnl. 3 
XNs. 2 batli-.. s/pnol. On 
iii-wcil' gulden Iwath. 5up<*rb 
iirui (nM/neunliiiin Fully 
lumi-awd r/H ta-.O-X-. TH 
r.o- eokMJT Dftmo' iC7d J. 52334 
con* DO SOL IBDA Apart* 
menu, and ulla^ lor vile Iram 
rjO OOO to L2 million \orkEs- 
l.iles. 81/82 Crawfmtf Sr. 
London 1*1 Ol 724 0336 

vile*. rcuruneraHc saving So*- 
Agnus lor iiuury iiiuanHc* 
rncnl B. Swinii rnulr agency. 
Kuengrrold. Oo ownership 
schemes Tel Ol -94* 2481 iTi. 


Malaga to Marbella 

Superb swestment of howay 
aid residential homes. We 
have an extensive list of 
new/resale propertss from 
£20.000. Attractive mortgages 
avatfaWe. Full legal irtomta- 
don. Weekly inspection 

For oar cofaur brodnre; 
Td (0273) Z9987/8 
or writ e to: 

1b Csstte Sqsare, 
BrigMBB, Sussex 


nine o» trleotane lor «w tree rao> 

Beacbes hrternatioaa] 
Property Ltd 

Tbe Com Stoics Emms 
3-9 Hsrte* Mens Karfe* dSI. 
West ValtoHB Dr9Sl0 

Prate Etoftdtoi M Hagtey IW. 



Detected Vdtes £30-G» to £150,600 
. Jbed.itestaa2.47B 
JgfcpG 2 ted. bngdon £19.90 
■ #w ^5==- t bed. teagdmr ng.006 
States £12A0D 
escndtSh: as-. 

Gotf OTOE wifat 

rarm, fU Orae 

LonMaS«aO0L I 



No gonmeks. no tree fkghts 
or gifts Just the most 
comprenenswe range ol 
beautiM freehold homes 
bull to the highest staiv 
curds, backed by our No 
Rek Free Legal Protection 
Scheme. II you are consider- 
ing investing £20.000 to 
£ 150.000 on a home m Spam 
then can us I>sl 


TH; (Q203) 449880 
ot London & 

Home Counties 

(0689) 52641/I242S 

01-789 5004 

Plaza Estates 

Chaonng cotQofrtiyto house - 
immaerfate. ** beds, 1 bath, 
dbto raap. U. OK St pkg. Long 
fn. E27S pw 

MMfCffiSTER SO, W1. 

Absolutely stunning modem 
2nd Or ftflL 4 beds. 3 baths. 2 
recep. tat. oS m, video ent. Ml 
L ong teL £650 pw. 

wif’.nn- «v>n;pri>:i 

01-724 3*30 Ct-53l7i>tS 


C00f MU. tOKSTON. 
Detaoied iwntewd house on 
octasee jmvffl estate. 5 
Beds. 3 Whs. Evmr extra. 
Lmrty Gadm AvaUle 
■nmolQteJy £2000 pcm. 
WejAwd^i. Sumy 

6E0RGIAM STYLE detached 
furnshed base in somht attar 
an. 5 Berta. 4 neems. rtghly 
Recon w nended £t.600 pan. 
Nunber ol santo piopertes 
atea avnbble. 

01-549 4018. 


46 Draycott Place 
London SW3 
Brant sowed duMe stodbs 
& 2-3 roan tan in a Veteran 
Tone House off Stowe Square. 
Mod tatares. iM-tastaned 
IngUMkcor togotter wtti a 
tain quality ol service com- 
bwe d to e nsure a resitui 
cmVooracni (w ttu busy exec- 
utive - and an attractive 
tyMM te haul rooms. 

907 8497 or 393 887) 

payment Irom £1795 buy 
2 wfcs annuaty forever. 
Worldwide exchange. 
Money bach guarantee. 
Cotour brochure. 
021-745 980a 

TCNEROt SIM. Lux Ornaiurg 
bungalow* 2 Wks irm £1.795. 
Brochure 021-746 9808. 


Z 552000 f.V Fabulous sea * 
i van. aco part me h ace. * 
Z tieatmmim&mnsrwifT c 
I at ire suv «B nteo m ■a* * 
I contraf * 

* pn I 

* 51.53 ttoft SI. GuliTOit) Z 

* 104331 S0S696 lH nry J 


FUCriOROUI -r*uvOt*-L«ria» Lit- 
Oe im 2 IM-d lo»n iw in 
qvvi pfuNMAin d,i**lopTOnt 
n.-ai in- ixjrt JiM l«»n Fur 
mslwd HUM Mlc rum. 1‘- oalns. 
urilily room ana inemaon sun 
U‘ o< 2 svaimnnno pom Pri 
1 3UT sal" No tommuMon" 
EM-nluro Bargain al C40.SCO 
rn 0272^78237 

MOinrnn l>-araBW rf-uomre to 

cunlrv ot lo—n Nicvtai MluarvO 
nrar church Qrucuul Hour. I 
sludio 2 WCn 1 shop. 2 "ft 
1st door. 3 uwli c oim. 1 laroc 
silling room, numromn. woun 
with MIW M1 *° UD 

ciairs Hof and cord wairr ana 

m n nc itv rh/ouanaiai 

CTO 090 Trl Mr Noble Ol 72* 
-In |»N esMUhTit or Ol 
TSe -CMiiroi 
COSTA DEL SOL- Apartimme- 
/ low n h cnc-- irora CK.MO in 
Smirsr.i B-’arn -al lomu 

piwiM an W Duqin-M BnaTTi. 
iruniij. mnn. golf nslauranl 
-aups wns ins- -luro m ir» 
rmli u-u Mil course on Ini- 
cc.asr Call 'CiSM. ISSiSyl to- 
do V ror cohiur brathur- 


CALS AD • For Span®! lams 
Irom £30.000 
CA UDAfl - Fo r (arm 
CA U0A0 - Fn vibar & 
apartments horn £5000 
CAUDAD LTD • Tei. 0692 

48. Skeyton fid. Noftn. watsnam. 
hortoui. W28 067. 


Dema. Javea. Mortare. 
Vast selection of vitas & 
apartments, individual at- 
tention second to none. 
Ash Faflandy Ltd, Wtntun 
House. Beacon Road. 
Crowbarough. E. Sussex. 
Tat 08926 55322. 

-.*r-r. , o-Tn ni*-» V -r. 

: C'"*T n^i i.ifTec: •■■n ,f 

•ivT..-- lo’M-’i Ojni-z 

Tbe Comoany Solicitor, 
Avondale Corporate 
Services Ltd, 

4 Avondale Court. 
Oncharu Douglas, 
Isis of Man. 

Tei: 0624 24512 
Telex: 629787 AVONG. 
Fax: 0624 24513 

ESTAPOHA. Onto dH Sol N««. 

ir.-'luvui 1.243 £«l JXs on 

in>- D*'.rh From i.l't.Xfu. Ol 
o-M? 5^i Fundus Ini 

MARBELLA 1 lurury 

Ml! ■■ilu-lcu -'.limn nninii ■ ,4 
i-.r:;r.i-.i- 5 Pwnln Imiru 
n- bvfit Full 1 r* ‘ri horn 
I.xiIl-m- pngi-. brjch li-rnr- 
;i.<i-i r- i.-- .*■< No rcminun 
!•- iliaiw-. Prnj|i- 
L TO VS. for iMarii Ol 948 

-HJ--V oner 4.0? sm 

unionusAM brand nrw InUcMr 
rtosgnvd nwaon DM. 4 br» 
roann. 2 Mhraoin. WC. 2 
Urgr rrroouons. Rudy, kllrtim 
an naciunn UR. residents 
po im xad video cniry Mint. 
Co Lone W X6GO D.w. Ood- 
UM 4 snum. Ol 930 7301. 

01-948 3211 

ST. JOHNS WOOD nwb Superb 
newly nwuenvgecr n» 10 lot 
Lnfurnnhed or furnlsted. 2 
double beds. Large lounge. 
Fully (tiled K flt B. En bum* 
cloakroom. Parking. S mnn 
rub* A SIMPS CD M. 
L225/C250 M*. TeL Ol 62A 
3348 No agents. 

Luxury house an water next 
to dock. 3 double beds. 2 
bathrooms. 2 racepta"* “*- 
chen and ctoak r oom. 
able long leL E225 pw- Oarage 

01-708 5 S&88 (T) 

5*( Ideal (or enbnlaintnq. Qe- 
earn & bngtu nunrni IlaL 
Nevvty dec. Soactowi Obte 
R*c*p Rctodemal Itre. 3 Beds. 
2 Bum. FoBy Fit IOL £49S«w 
unhim. Coote* 828 82B1. 

iinun beach from aparlmmL 
2 bed,, bjinmun. large lounge 
/kiichen 3 yean old Fully fur 
nevhrd E50.000 Tel: 0934 

COSTA DEL SOL. Fully (urmsned 
2 am iu«ury v ilia. se>i bacrung. 
Pix4n lennre. mill taS.OOO gr 4 
rrmnlhk pi fomrr £14.000 
Tel. ,024041 3229 

LANBOALE nmraim warned. 
Wed. 30 or 32. 1 or 2 bed- 
roomy Ted 091-529 2637 
even uim 


JAVEA Superb 5 beds. 3 booty, 
villa far late, swniuiiuig pool 
M f acre PHI. fully lumHied. 
£85.000. Tel: 0438 3IG4O0. 






TEL: 01-481 1986 
FAX NO. 01-481 9313 
TELEX 925088 
TEL: 01-461 4000 

ATTRACTIVE conage New 
Forred. oyoitaDle from Novem- 
ber to March Separate sitting 
room/ dining room. 2 double 1 
si Hole bedrooms. CH 48 mod 

eons C75PW TeLOegooeeea 

UKHTWiroa 18 Hans 
Crewni opposite Narrate. 2 
bra. 2 bath luxury flat Prttale 
entrance, pobo. Parting. Com 
tuny Lei. l 

£400 pw T*+ 01-564-2487 W 
073081 6287 

WCR8I O W P Fully toiMM 4 
newly carpeted 2 bedeoomed 
flat ID quiet private residential 
Mock ol bach of HK-hmond 
MTL Porter. CH/CMW. kao- 
rrm. ufr Corryeruml toae» & 
lube Car panting malla we . AB 
inrtinlye CloO pw TM 01-508 

CKUU Knlgbuandge. BHgra- 
«*. Pimlico. WestmtnsbT. 
Luxury ikmmb and 
able lor long of short tort 
Please nog for cenwl IM. 
Cool**. 69 Buckingham Pauce 
Rd. SWI 01-828 8251 


Ihol lee* led PWJP Cy ■ 
Lewi*. Soulb al B5.PW*-. P**; 
m office. Q1 -3BC Bjii o r 
North of the Part. Betem^ 
Part on Ice- oi see 9882. 
Ota. SPA. Smrtn SL SW3_Newty 
sec 2 bed 1ST door HA Or. elec. 
<m « cteamraruic. 

£2 70 pw For a monilta + Short 
let by oeo <6« ta 5f ™ 

Tracy or Ruweoa or 529 279i 
Mon Fn no agette «Tl. 
CKLSU TXc Smart. Ouna or- 
Itahirul man ID flow Mock. 

Sbonou* tastefully dec 
drato/duHna rm. lor Ol Ml. 2 
□tile. I bW Beds. Lux Batti. 
UOdpw BrnitamA Beeves Ol- 
«38 3522. 

EXCEPTIONALLY High standard 
3/4 bedim. 3 bOU). (umtytyed 
flat* in fidh- serviced block, 
minumirom Hyde Park £o75- 
LBSOpw Long M. Pend# Ol- 
221 1404 

C1APUA18 cowon NoriMtoe. 
HM oft Newly converted. Hgm 
A any. 2 bed. lux Mt All mod 

mmn nmr nsim mmw - - eons. Fully tan. £I3flow. Tel: 

0904^91276 or 

bairn 11 en taw). 2 recep. 

kn/diner. enmeryatory. gw- w-m riser nubniwraeM Snr. 
dett Long Co let £460 pw. Tel F 7SLr flT 
Ol 602 8569. 

don Aim lor wnHbi g 
applicant* M Ol 221 BBSS. 


LHMMt 040VX very anraettee a 
bed. 2 bath flat In new dvfptm. 
unorged parking. £200 pw Ten 
Ol 324 7497 day. Ol 738 S70S 

wsmarimrr vttw* /ii» i , sk ic 
nat. m mi M f sni ui newly dec. 
rer- l dne bed.. hU.c.k £130 
Pw ten Cold TN 0703 36017 
day/ Ol TM 2763'aflar 8 Pm. 

81 Aim ARCH. F un ashed 3rd 
floor nanoMh. Reception. 
kurticxL bathroom a 2 beo- 
rnOffls. 6 months mtnlmam Co 
IrttJOOpw TeL 01-641 3226. 

not modern block. 3 bras. 

Marie Carter. 01-436 6329. 

WI8— innn swi 9 4 bed fraiy 
ftJtTi. dole gge town nse ip nres- 
IKOOUS restoenhaf area. One to 
snons f r u toergnL Co. Id only. 
£300 PW. 493 6716 

Aaiainow nouwr Overtookksg 
Omn Part, dose tat- PrmOge- 
2/ 3oed iwr.tiptoayr l e a if.too 
prem wa w petrr w Boriunma * 
Co. Ol 880 TOll 

ATTN Landlords - We urgenOy! 
seek «uibty ftata/houses «r 
wading *«wiw * «■ l» 
Pm. rax a a>. oi 635 arn. 

sale snwr. Gdo 0B1 beta Co 

■ ML £180 pw Tel OTS 8721 

We oftar a caring & compre- 
hensive serve*. 

Telephone Pippa on 
01-788 7w34 
LettnB * management 

■■■mi, am SW7. Good 

ouaut y I urn 3 bed nx. Lgedbta 

S3? 1 *2 "o** 1 - «» W1 + 

CHW. F W.Capp. oi 221 tak. 

A execute n uroentlv reek 
«» «U cenfral/ 
^vas. For alien- 
•tea Ptaaae ring 01936 342S. 

nSSto tofS? •teteteo™ 

P«wona. Fcdhr 
*SSlg! ra -. l ,°f h Near tube 6 
nNwns iMntraum let. esgo 
pcm mart. Tel Oloraaiieo^ 

hr.T Furnished 2 

SSftJte 1 •®'v» , Ung room. 
tff^LteSygta CGH. esc. 

Albemarle a W1 01-4998534^ 





-Kbi'W MM,' H 

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V-PHr* * IK 1 

•36»»a» K ,- i 

tWHlH M 

** •%* ^ 
fmu «' . 

mm * »r 4 a v * 



Q Sturgis 

■ i wm** 

4* i I Hrmnn 

■ j 

• J HtW'-i 

* • 

M?Wt *iA:i 

-.-» • 

# 1 N*te* ' 

• * 1 —>i 

»! * »» ni ii 




fJ^JTTjT*"T T T j ■ ] ’ •- V 1 / •] 

.^- x ciu 

270 Earls Court Rd. SW5. 01-244 7353 

Horner Mill 






Immaculate detached modem, 
five bedroom Family home, 
three reception rooms, 2 bath- 
rooms, superb kitchen, beaut- 
_ „ ■ rful garden, available long let. 

Ofiices an Cooham. Efttre. Horsham n -«»*■* „ ' ^ 53 

O^hoh. Simrongna. Wayfrndge. Wmbledon £2,200 p.C.m. 

and Woking 

TEL: (037284) 3811 


Brand ibw flat in devetopmenl 1 Dole Bedroom, Bathroom, 
Fitted Kitchen, Sitting Room/Dinmg Rm. Small Balcony. Used 
Swimting Pool. Gym. Sauna etc. £170pw neg. 


Maisonette currently being redecorated consisting of -2 
Bedrooms. 2 Recepdon Rooms, Small Kit & Bath mi £285pw 

WILLIAMS MEWS SW1. Siqmti A bed wfom faimfy hum DU reception, 
M, an machne. dhrm. 2 baths {1 en sukJ. gawp. EOT 9*. Long co w. 
HWI. Suoerb mansion Itat wabble on tong co IcL 3 beds, 1 bom, dbl 
reap. tufty fttted JdL bH machines. £<00 pv. 

HANSON PLACE SW7. Superb top floor 3 bed Rat. Ut Lge rap. M/dn, 
el) mactwws. Aval cm tong co let £425 pw, 

SELECnOH OF 1 bed flats in SW7 area Brand new convenxus, My 
lined, al maehwes. £200 pw. 

HOMES 01 937 5628 


Personal heip in selecting from over-500 prestigious 

Ranging from Studios from £150 per week to five bedroom 
Ambassadorial residences up to £3000 per week. 
Booklet - 'Guidance Notes for Tenants' available on request 
— ju 4/6 St Anns Terrace PQ/ *>AOO 
w i ii St Johns Wood NW 300 JUoO 


BNttES SW13 5 bed Wet tamfly hse E395 gw 
CHISWICK QUAY W4 Rwerufe mod cownhsa, 5 beds E395 pw 
KWGSTON MLL Det Georgian style hn, part fum ESSO pw 
KINGSTON 1 yr old mod ten. 2 bads. £150 pw 
HAM COMMON, RICHMOND 2 bad mod hse nr K*r £145 pw 
For furtesr ttataBs of Brass A ot hw s 

Please telephone 01-940 4555 


Furnished self contained garden flat 1 living 
room, 1 bedroom, kitchen, w.c„ shower room, 
CH. Telephone. Constant, hot water and CH 
included in rent of £105 p.w. References. 

Phone 01 586 2711 (T) 


Al recently fitted and UirmslwL Two bedrooms, two bath- 
rooms end modem kitchen. Large reception room with front 
and roar balconies. Separate roof gardens and GARAGES to 
each tiar Available for ate months, company let £600 pw. 
Please telephone Henrietta on 01-235 7283 
or D. HaMnga Lid on 01-408 0880. 


fmmaojtaa Townhouse on 3 doors. 4th How Bat. 2 bate. reception. 
Id — i— ttGOfrine order. 3 re- rage Mown. bam, kit. £150 p.w. 

centals. I twng stenmng drawing 


mom. 3 beds. bath, ensure shower Stumng 4th floor flat arili raotter- 
roora. tuUy fitted Mcflon rath all race rage reception, fully Mod 
nndtnes Conservatory. Pain kitchen. aH machines, 2 dble beds, 
£500 pw. . bath. E200 p.w. 

727 7957 / 937 9001 



SW3 SW1 

EVpini 2nd floor litkrwr Dcsrprvd flat close to Charm n* family bouse with wnteq and fsraae. 
Muanc Square jtkJ idnil &r cnicruumng. 3 bed* Minifies from Siam Squpvc. 3 Bedrooms. 3 recep- 
TAir^ns > nm\**rtina&. 2 haihrnocns: scaame lion rooms. 2 bathrooms, shower, se pa rate WC. 



H this is what you an looking 
lor ■ wa Hill find it tor you! 
Wb have a supert ranged 
properties from 
£150- £1.500 pw. 
01-2251822 01-9460447 


Property Management Services Ltd 

2 TwcpiPrfrWtjmi 2 hamnaans; separate 
Lrpr kihhvn wuh breaktasi bar. and 

£900 per week 

uoa rooms. 2 bathrooms, shower, sepataie 

SCO pw Wtek £550 per week 


6 Arlington Street, London SW1A 1KB 01-493 8222 



Atliadwe 2nd noor flat 2 be*. 2 Pretty hoosa in GUI du sac 3 bads, 
bams, mod seed recep. moo ML 2 baths, reap, tat/dnlng room. 
£275 p w ESOO D.W. 

tmnucutaie maeuHtti! 3 beds, 3 New rehrtkstied mwsonette. 3 
bairis. 3 (eceg. kn/break AvanaUe 5 bads. 2 baths, recep- W/break. 
months £600 pw £375 p.w. 

TELEPHONE^M -581 8025 


iNf NoniMNn rrarresMws ‘ 


Suoeib 3d floor rial m 
handsome block with oretiv 
carornuul gadens Retto. 
kfi 2 Dble Beds. 2 Bams. 
£400pw [o tic CH;Cons H»y. 
htt. porterage & Epnone 


^, 01-629 6604 ^ 

CHISWICK W< D.iKmiul (ur 

iu-l>H l.inilK MEd ID W A 

ned- l.inip Mtutn lamiH onr 

EXCELLENT I "I ’ i-.iil.ilrti iif—* 

WSirl. l.Vl'K * l.KHSnv ilirl 

•-Sf. «ll» 

L-\KR ■ \ . 

\;i ao,'* I i ~' l i l , ' l iif- : 
Ti ; > s 

Tatepa—i 01 Mi ISM. 

NWt Brand m-w 3TO floor flat- ' 1 
B«r Recep. K&B. £160pw Co's 
Onlt Barnard Marcos 403 
D8B9 • 




' Bpacous. comtonaOte nartr (Me 
aound noqr tel. Double recpL 2 

(tauDW DOOS. Iga Anwncan KK Mdi 

aa mactuiex. I Bad u access to 
comm fljm Avaa 0 laomaa 
£275 pw Colei 

Contact Gfily Conyers 


120 ttafiasd Task Avc, VII 


Bran an) spacaac fM m porpasa 
Dutt block 2 doubt twlms. recep. 
iateten and btei newly oecoraKd 
ttrautfiuiL £170 p.w. Co to om year 

Fur pronirt & efficiem 
service Please Call 

01-637 0821 


fU W M nwm QVPnvaae m». 
J-lbOElOOOpw Avail & 
Reu'd. AcctuesL 7 dan/tMtira 
Tel. 01-947 7209/879 3393. 


oons 1st floor flu won talc 
ovariookng Gardea 2 DWe Bads, 
fec^^raiB Ana. Kit & Ban. Oo 

KEMSMGTDN. W8 Isl floor fldL 2 
OWa Bods. Rec»/Dang Rm. 
Study. Kb. Bam & Snwr Rm, Roof 
Term. Cn ua. E32Spw. 

01 -581 2987 

wn. Loper Berkeley SI Two 

mwrnrf irenl Oraoe 1 Nsled mal- 

soneoes !> beds. 3 baite. £550 
’pw 2 beds. 2 b*n»s £385 pw 
Halim Lines & Co. 70S 3224 

lor?? uWeUon of lux properties 
I or iong/snorf inrm rentals Fm 
£200nw Tel 01 493 7105. 

United Medical and 
Dental Schools 

St Thomas’s Campus 

Medical Research 

requrad hi department of 
Surgery to perform general 
secretarial duties (audio 
typing), eteo recording and 
storing of patient information 
on computer. Knowledge a* 
rmdcal lerminoiogy end WP 
an advantage, but training 
on be gmn. This post is 
based at St Thomas's 
Hospital, dose to Waterloo 

Sabry ES045- £7680 
tadustv. plus nati o na l 

■Oowaoce for certain 



We are a smafl but esiabtsbed 

andexpanflnOfinnoi imanerf 
tamsuttsAs with premises m 
Pacampoa We ihp«e a sec- 
reorynypet to wrrt with a 
small ream of consonants. 
Candidates must, be A lew) 
standard with acorns shof- 
hand /typing and experience of 
WP. we are uoung tflr a re- 
cent college leawr prepaial to 
make a comrmtmn Starting 
salary £7,000 won exceaem 
prospects tor the ngflt person. 
Replies with CV to 
Admmstrafian Manager, 

Pan; W, 

30 Eastbourne Tetraca, 
Londaa. W2 HJE 

rtmuc hlkhoni r £8.000. 
AH tlw <Mn-wor1iwl wordx Uk«* 
Mmuluint, «Kmof ms. ndllnt 
M IIWUI MV ariiuity Irur M 
tnwrvM* Our rMnH n a WwUng 
PR/MiTHHUi ronsulUncy 
wMh 4 tmimna (UrM ponfo- 
bo. Tl*ry rm cflrr a younq 
wrrpMry imiiumum 6 mmin*' 
p«pmptin*i wnn BH and ws 
XnowIMW a rrwardlna career 
ourning. Vou mini be MmoM 
ana you mini want lo on on 
For luniw*r informouon ww 
rontarl Joantw Orroory Ol -491 
1868 La OMir RMrullmml 

ly young Srarury wl» pub an 
intrraUne and nmd pomimm 
in ■ young and mmoiy d-pan- 
mml be] ore aiZf at ultiy win 
ftno an rerdbat opportunity 
Mr* to lom iw Pramoiiom Co- 
ordinator of an rMimir 
Prencti wiw hhc* nous* 1 Good 
sKmanal vkiiH. coupwd wim i 
MUngnm K> muck in and be 
flraNe will «rcur* iho Miper 
iob. Skdb BO/BO Free attoca 
bon « pramm. £5.000. 
nnmr Appantinub Lid. Ol- 
499 9175 nine Con-,1 

XHMHNE your tecmarial expe- 
nmer arruraie lyptng. rant 
diary and travel orpantaltoo. 
with a very aominbirallve role 
argaMtlnglrauungrourwv WP 
experience w vital because Uito 
8 a new Lorlmology environ- 
ment and the naming counes 
are geared to teaming micro 
ronxMiier anpacauoni lo 
maiMnrV managers. Probably 
aged 25-30 I be Hdary to lo 
Eiasoo Please rem tad GtUlan 
□wood. 01-491 1868 La Creme 
Remnlmml Consultants. 

Ittfldant Counselling £8.500 Vou 
will be a mature minded per- 
son. who cook) co-onunaie (be 
social needs ot students mainly 
from overseas. You wHl be etn- 
rtau A enlay running an office 
Handle your own correspon- 
dence. cope wnn bask- living 
proMems lo people who are lust 
lonely*! With sec skills caH 
Francesca Mem on 831-0666. 
Drake Personnel Agar 

MTCnOlt DCSrCN CaOOO- bmd 
ing tntrrnanonai nunc in 
exrtusn* Interior design seeks 
see lo prosed learn. Friendly tn- 
farmttartnospnerr and nlgfi too 

■ooslactjon oo-ardmadDa ami 
pkn. cilmd SfrtcnUUom. 
inrormauon source* Hr. EnUiu- 
swsm. lean Hpfrtt and 
romprienl skUto <00/451 essen- 
UU.AW20V Plow 1M 01-409 
1232 The work Shop. 

AUDIO Secretary £lOXXX)Hi. 
Finance Partner dose London 
Bridge Boob Is oul ■ lot since 
Big Bang- w you’ll need a cool 
l»d for htt wide porifoilo of 
work. Call Lorraine Borsack 
621 9363. 

■ABAZME CO. PA to Dw. 80/50 
A senior level toklaOve. 
Eiaooo + 3 whs hots- Call 
Natalia TED Agy Ol 736 9857. 

SECRET AMES tor Aren heels Si 
Designers. Permanent & tempo- 
rary Daemons. AMSA Soccldttoi 
Rec Cons. Ol 734 0532 


HOLLAND PARK Vlli.e liivfum 
111 In-Hu- u/6 tus's. - Ikilns 

ns ii-n-inniii-. wirdi-n ir lei 

i V-O n« l -«l Ol '-’ 7 

HEW CMtDOre L-V diplomat-* 
sp.uusi*--'imle bedroom lusurv 
Hal wild.*. v.uh P4k«i.4l 
time. ik-.iihiOM and (seii Lnn 

\ Lev, .inviiiik' tH* pw T« 

Ol oaa HiS*7 

SHORT LET " 1 H-iriev SI Su -in- ‘ I ' .'i'V 
pm*H- .'■! hi Pullet LI^S P'V or at-5 4>‘ll 
iui iuii, »-.iiui'i“-i rierin* r*i 
klHI 1 HHuin £96 PW II I ■ 
rtd .‘Cl ulhi WIPi 

537 KS1 Tie- immhef loremcm 

Oer unrii wekUhl IHtol renuu 

is niK-rlH* in inniial andbome 
Ln-iddli drew. L 150 * L2 COOrw 

Dan* A Company nine J t-‘ny- 
■wkTIHIII Ol (La*. A hOUVPV ill ml 
able (ur 1 writ irwn UPflli*' 

J-eU IMaTi 

A WEST END I IH «wd HM»n*s 
I i-j la lor sjli- <1 •< Lljir. 
Vtnptte Ol 402 74H1 

CHELSEA tinm lus luhnnv (Lit 
ini'li iWI bwlrnnm hll IbRler 
long In let 

SW1 Bmdins -Square Quiet SC 
kliMHo aparunenl. comenlent 
my and Wesl End. CfiCO pem 
incl Tel 771 6668 or 222 1833 

SWT Super mews house. 2 bed. 
Hilly 1 urn tobed. Inc CH/CMW. 
TV parkina L190 pw T« 
■<X?«Oi 706061 

HEMSMCTON WB 4 bed Use In 

amet rut do ear. f/f kit. 
inrcmqn I tumor. 1 oalh. 3 wa. 
non Co/leL available now. 
t£SO pw Tel Ol 879 1152 

KENSINGTON. WB 3 beds. Hr 
f*,rp wilb balcony 2 1 - ballrn 
American hu Hal in preslige 
hlk uiifi oarage Fum/unlmi 
BUM f Propc*Uel Ol aas 892b 

MONTAGUE Square Maisonette 
■mil couple b months £160 pw 
T.* iCekWiTSOOofl / 351 3544 
& HEN. Prestige area, elegant 3 
neo (la! Lovely recep Maid 
CH Suil (ymiinr 373 0753 
5WB Rirhborne TejT^e 

I, mrnrUied 2 bed DaL tJW* 

Ol 3J4 7497 day 01 736 5705 
wsmbeldoh s double 
tvdriMh-ed lullv turn Oal wiih 
CH Cold £125 PW 947 5902 

SOHO SQUARE 10(0 fully 

‘Sired s/< MW 

£.150 U 75 pw Phone Ferrier 
Tonnui Jol 0033 

BARBICAN Luxury rumshed 2 
bedroom flat. £600 per momn 
Inclusive TM: 04023 43S78. 

PUBLICO Superb 1 bed rumlctied 
rial rins e lo all amentUfs. Com- 
pany IN pert erred. £130 pw 
Ol 228 5044 ref GC ' 

01 493 0887 

DOVE HEWS. SWS Delicti tfuJ 
Mews Corner House, 
imaqtmilvrly re-destgned A fur- 
nished. snuaied dose lo Old 
Broomion Road. Liqiii fr spa- 
cious Recmuon Roam. Fined 
KllChen 3 Beams. Batumi. 
Available for 3 months from 
early November £400pw Co 
Tenancy. Betiingtiam A Asso- 
ciates 01-245 6944 

PA ROU S COURT AvaHaMv from 
early Jan for maximum of 1 
year Pleasant well fiinustied l 
Bed flat In modem landscaped 
development Includes Recep- 
tion Room. Bainrm & Fitted Kir. 
Parking £120pw Ind of Rales. 
Oi&HW Oo Tenano Avail- 
able lor viewing early 
November BetUngtum 4 Amo- 
awes 01-245 6944 

nished 2 bed garden fiai.6/12 
months. £150 pw Co let pre- 
InM Modernised TriBI 262 
099S4TV9) 01 240 9566toay) 
PALACE COURT W2. Superb 2 
beds. 2 baua. lounge, dmer 
Mod kitchen, all new apod 
aores. lurncmed nigh sumdara 
Rem £290 per week. Telephone 
■0256 72.1 2906 

NS. Extremely bright 6 eparious 
ground floor Oat in presttpous 
Ob MOCk Ext lurnHiup. 2 
dole brarms. 2 luxury oadirms. 
. klL large rec. pretty garden. lO 
mins Hlgmniry undrramd «n 
lor City Long lei £220 pw M 
LMRlia While 01 381 4266 



rrsponmx lines, and orgamsiag 
conference roam aHocauan. 
Salary to £9.000 Finesse At> 
pomiments Ltd 01-499 9175 
(Rec Consi 


a ui red by k'eraingion Estate 
Agency Central London experi- 
ence essential Tel Regal Estates 
603 7121 

PART TIME aonstant reoulned Ibr 
antique furniture gallery For 
details telephone 229 0783. 





KeiHuigion. CM T v 24 nrSw 
Telex. Goitlnqbam Apartments 
Ol 373 6306 

Our suer Mary is towing us, 

We noed a roptocemont 

Please gwe us a nng 
If you thrik you can breng 
Cairo snd OTOMHsmiMi. m 
Return lor good 

Tel Regal Estates 

603 7121 

ESTATE AOENIS bard at Lin 
caster Calr ngum vecrelary 
lo ensure unoaUi running ol 
busy office. Acruralr :vpln« 
and audio experience on men 
ary IvoewrUer. and sum 
leJwhone manner essential 
Pbone 01 402 9406. Ref RA 

■nttdMxn £9.000*4 nrri 
letii onenum lor. an evncrimced 
sec as PA/AsBisianl lo Prnnn. 
nri Direr lor wnn Ihx leading 
nuBUiw publaiwr A-leveH 
preferred. Arruralr typinq e. 
M-rnual Aoe 32+ PWnr 
tetephonr Ol -493 5787 Gordon 
Vain. COHifunb 

lo set up and run j m-w Ubrarv . 
orqanamg lunriionv and sutf 
conference* ptuv adipm. lor 
CturiUble v- or, lake* up m*wt 
of your day white working for a 
Partner m a dnlingunlwl ro of 
Cnanererd Acraunlanli u 
EC2 Sun* of 90/60 required 
lor MTUdI anouM ot sec work. 
■4‘*. sound vs esp ana es-e for 
detail Aqe 2328 Please rail 
437 6032 Hobuonc* HOC 


grnri mo foe a ongrii. bubbly 
coneoe ie«v er in merreauve de- 
partment of ton top-name 
M,mnm( aseng' FaM-mov- 
■no. gumorou* and oufgMna 
envuonmeiu working an film 
festivals etc Snonhand/iyplng 
reaueaea Age I8r H dP trip 
pbone Ol 493 5787 Gordon 
Vale* Consultants 


C 1 0.000 Join tM* world famous 
lasmoa Rare a* verreury to 
I hen Vice Chairman You 
ttMHdd br wed educated with 
ideally a Imanre or company 
secretary background 80 wpm 
audio ability and wp mpert- 
enre needed P*vw letepnone 
Ol 240 3611/3531 iW«l End) 
erOl 2403551 iCtty (. EUzabeth 
Hum Remnlmml ConsulUod. 

TOP tXAGL'E ClTV rata money 
condiuons and p ro sp erto lor ca- 
pable ambltiou* yoimg 
secretary kMnmg Execudve Cor 
porair F (nance. Must nave good 
90/60 and kn of IBM 
DisMaywmer lo Textoack 4. 
Risk but stimulating ‘system 
ahead' atmosphere. £10.000 
pa. paid o/t. mongage. s.ij. etc. 
Joyce Cumee. 01-0589 
- 8807/0010 (rec consi. 

PoBtRs Leaver wan style. Recep- 
tion A typing CC7.500 Superb 
Advertising Asency seek your 
contiomre. onigotng persona- 
lly s, tmmoculate presentation 
to train the omens are truly 
fabulous 6 the enuranmeai 
truly dynamlrf Cad Dnwn Tay- 
lor on 621 0495 Drake 

Personnel Agy 

GERMAN SEC. 1st lobtrer (Or Ini 
City Bank C7-E7.S00 + mort- 
gage + benefits Morrow trap 

Agy (The Language Specialists) 

snail private office seeks dnU- 

raied young see lo new organise 
nraagmients. mnecane* eve 
Good (-duration, professional 
approarh and loud Integrity rv 
seniiai. Skills 90/50. Age 19*. 
Pteaw trirphone 01-493 5787 
Gordon Vale* CoosuUams 

are a VIP not hM a CV tr you 
dTF 20-25 wllh good WP/SH 
and/or languages, we have su- 
per ink m Swi. olfenng lop 
safanes- For pertooal anemion 
Tel Mrs Prosser 564 2844 


required tor busy 
residential Esws Agents in 
Wesl London. Applicants 
need reasona&to 
swretenai swife. tte ettte w 
deal dir act with the public, 
and work happily in smaH 
opdfl plan office. Salary in 
the region of C7-E8.000 
pj. nagotiabia 

Marlowe Huntinq 
and Worstey 
118, BtyQie Road. W14. 


£10,000 at 20 

Ftetasta "Oates Style ' ofleas. 
A voufm emmefy demmteig 
Irani Youl be mv wrt InAed 
after if you put your all mu mts 
oesfun ExceiL UGs read. 
(100/60) Total comronnien and 
The mMcness to loofk as pan of 
i dose net team. Exceptional 

MS 1846 (Am) 

wIkif poitth and ronlldeiKe cs- 
vential to Arrange dinner/ 
rrrujj Mriw onuniv and 
•KtonUMPV on busuwsa trip* 

and holiday*. Mued have une 
S/H and w/p knowlntge Age 
25* CllOOO* perks TH PUf 
Cm I ben 628 3856 TnT Agy 

£7.soo Jam tnts lamoui none 
TV company based in wt . An 
Ideal I ml MO as full Irainuig 
given in all oIikc untesn*. 
100/50 sk rills needed Please 
triephone 01240 3511/35M 
■ West End! or 01-240 3551 
■OLyi ClDubrtn Hum Rrcruu 
mem Con wi Hants 

aCCREE r A-LEVILB wilh a 
nuun/dau InavT Leading Pen- 
*Kin rnnd Managers need a wrH 
educaleo numerate Secreurv 
wun on oiulvlttal mind Al 
h-osl SO^n of lire work wiU be 
non-wrre I arui . prmunng pre 
senlolicn* for cHent*. Ihougn 
you wlU aba need speed, a 
90/50 Excellent career pros 
p ert * Aqe early-mM Jffv 
Salary lo LI 1 500 r raw Ai> 
pomimmR Lid Ol 266 7261 
I Rot Cnn*. > 

CMKMRCft - wan] lo work hKal 
ty? Personnel Dtreaor al pir 
reauirp* secretary with eillrer 
shnrilund or audio * WP rvnr 
nenri Ape 19* wnn a nun 2 
years working rssmenre Sola 
rv up to £9.000 Good perk* 
including 5 weeks nobdav 039 
7001 (Uni End I 377 8000 
i City' Secretaries Plus The 
Serrelarul Gonsuifanr* 

■WUlDMa Cl 0.000 presu- 
qwuk news magazine seeks 
calm, unfupgable PA lo Com- 
pany 5erre<ary tmportaol role 
carrying lilgh dearer ol variety 
Mid resoomlblllly. A level edu- 
ration m rf erred The BOUity 10 
work under pressure essenual 
Good ls-pmg/*horth8nd Age 
21 26 For detail* do Mr 
phone 01 493 6787 Gordon 
Voted Oonxuttorts. 

quired 1 or busy Director al 
laraeSWl company. Fostsnori- 
hand. WP experience and the 
oMUy to comntumcaie al oil 
levels logeiner with good tele- 
Phone manner emenlloi. Good 
perkk. including free travel Age 
21 * £9.000. 439-7001 fWett 
End) 3778600 I City) SecreUT- 
ms Plus - The Secretarial 

admin Play a vital role as office 
llnctisfn working wllh ihta 
young dynamic team In a small 
invesunrpl co. Based In siun- 
nlng ofiices your duties wu 
include all general of nee admuv. 
loueUMT with some research 
and nun. typing (dOwpioi. Age 
22*. £9.000. Please caU 437 
BOSS Motel one. Rec. Cons. 

SECRETARY /PA (or Chib Secre- 
tary. C V marked confidential 
lo CJ Dixon Ski dob of Great 
BrtUan I IB Eaion Square. 

RED ALERT lor JO*- as PA/Sec 
sh/typ far Mawair Mortgage 
Broker* Presentation. Inina- 
live, education and good skills 
90/oOtoh open lire door lo 
irrendiv set-up cimu uauon and 
defmne pronsens c £9.500 pa. 
Joyce Culnem 01589 
8807/0010 lire const 

lor a bdingual fllauan/Engltohl 
rerepuontti/secrriary wnn 
some interest In lire art world. 
9 30 5.30. Monday Friday 

Salary kw Enauirrea akrase to 
839 7664/5 



Word processor ops £6.50 per hour 

Shortand/audo secs £6.00 per hour 

VDU ops £&25 per hour 

AO typists ( must have 3 years PERM experfenoa 
and preferably some banking experience) 

Also legal and medical secs £6.00 per hour 

Please ring Stag Agency 
834 4123 



foi bright Dresematfe person 
*«ti accurate 45 wpm typing 
sUs « headenrtm of world 
Iraifcng (Inn. based Central Lon- 
don. pita class, morion. *• 
conddoned unices and eacefieni 
prospeeb S tawfas cf7P00 


Please phone Jd WWnn. Alti- 
aoce Msiagemeni Consultants 

403 7522 

RECEPTIONIST (or superb luxu 
rv manuon nffire* Must be 
smart and well ipoken No im 
mg Age pref 30-50 vr*. £7 400 
* earn rmww TN Pal Oloen 
628 3806 TnT An* 


Require intelligent 
school leaver to assist 
sales co-ordinator m all 
aspects of production 
and cHent liaison. 
Good prospects for 
genuine hard 
working a> rounder. 
Reply ni writing with C.V 
to BOX E01. 

AR£ YOU MIGHT, youno. aurar- 
live wilb pervonollty and a 
dmre lo be pari ol me fashion 
lndi6lrv? I run a busy Weal End 
Pri-Mige Miowrotm and Ommt- 
alMy need an annum. Ham 
work and Initiative wiQ be re- 
warded wain an intereoiing 
rorrer Please leieMium- Mary 
Skinner Ol 580 1499 


It you are looking for a position with lots of variety, 
responsibility and prospects tor promotion, then read 

Wb are looking tor someone special to tt a responsible 
secretarial vacancy wnhm our busy residential lettings 
office based in Chiswick. W4. 

You must be of smart appearance, well spoken with an 
outgoing personality, enjoy working under pressure as 
pan of a tnendiy team, have a good sense of humour - 
and have accurate typing. You'wiU almost certainly 
have a nwflmum of 3 or 4 ‘O' levels. 

If you think you might fit the bin, please write with full 

Margaret A. GBruy, Psnormet Manager, 273 Chisvrick 
High Road, London W4 4PU. 


reception topounw <wiau* ogrnb areh 
b,l toil youira prrvon IP luodk- 
vtoHor-v. inraoung mb rlr. 
Saw lyrxng ifOopmi ngunl 
rd L*prrirtin> brlpful. not 
crvrimal rikw irtrobonc Ol 
493 5787 Gordon Vain 


lEnnUvli IP M/T -jai lor snuh 
On Iiami Co Goad all round 
ftp 4Mhlv lo work mdrprn 
driiiiv and compare awn 
rorrespoMuire m End pre 
wnuiuin « pnonr rruonnor 
Engltoh SH only L1S.OOO ♦ 
r«(l prrk*. Mmow Emp Agk 
iTfn- Lanaiupr bbrrviliam 696 

GERMAN Sprjkmg Srr 
£12 50CHVH Forngn-owncd 
fUMiki- Imtire CC3 working lor 

too roonrv-marvri tram In 

rTHWHc extra, and opportuntn 
lo odvonre Waira WP Nimr 
S/H I on. Coll Maurrvn Rrr<» 
Of Tier VNGCLS Rec Con* Ol 
430 2531 

VIDEO A TILM £6.000-** great 
lird kmi lor a a UK ft tun king 
young ur. in uu* world 

fUm/vtdro rwnMiy Working 
a* part ol a small loom vou win 
tietp lo or paw udverttolng and 
PR ramturans in MiDpoii at Him 
rrtnen around tlw world Su 
ptwb DawfU* Include I rev video 
librAiv. private rereririnm. tree 
nivnu ticket, health club 
nw-mrMwlMp etc. Good typing 
rrviuurd Apr 18 22 Ptoaf let 
Ol 409 1232 Tire Work Simp 

bright- on-nuMMU all rounder 
vaugM by young dvertor of 
leading computer company 
The oMlitv to work to your awn 
direction o nrenilat Personal- 
>6 and initiative blgbty v alued. 
Aar ana evaerrence mt Wip o r - 
laid than per*onol airainir*. 
Tvnutg fiOwpm reaurtded Sala- 
ry (ram £8.000 Ptrore lei Ol- 
493 4466 Merryw earner Advrg 
A Srtemon. 

with Uir. *mall expandura Mat- 
krilnv Co in Wed Hampstead* 
You will be 30-40BH seH mou 
idled, preceptive and imniwri 
wnn good typing and imatlJr 
rHHiook lo run other ana con- 
i rot aU bauon - oppartumU' lor 
real imatiemHit’ c£8.000pa + 
Lunch ouowane Jovre 
Outness 01-589 8807/0010 

iRrr rora) 

you cnmmitnicale cffcCBvsb n 
one or more Luropnan Lan- 
guage? Our tnleresung. 
protecoionai menu need temp* 
wnn cxrrlleni hnpiNn and 
recreunal skills Ptrasr caU U 
vou would into to And oul more 
dboul Item) those skllto in your 
adiaiuoge. Internauonal Secre- 
Ultn 01-491 7100. 

renal -WtoUnl Horlry Street. 
Consutiam reautm dednted 
audio recreury / personal 
iwiiunl toorguntre a bunroan- 
*unmg procure. You will be 25 
40. ‘A' lei ri calibre dre*6 well 
and have immaculate desk skilh 
BO/ 60 Salary negotiable lo 
£12.000 Telephone 382 9295 

■ERSONNEL J3L7SO - Heollh 
Core Co. bared near Baker 
Street are looking for audio sec 
I nr Human Resouce* Dept 
Busy (Ob with variety for some" 
one 23+ wllh good Dhone 
manner ♦ WP ex pen Mice. 039. 
7001 IWrM End' 3778600 
(OIVI Secretane* Pill* - The 
SecrriarM GoteuBonu. 


A valiant J set f e 1.1 rv rmiuned 
tor cm bowii vnh-o pr<xJuctMn 
mtnpom Arruralr lining and 

goon admin -OaUv iwntiJ Pre 
lints PA and lUrbrUig 
expat irnrr priierret Good vou 

rv lor noil onohrjnl CntUort 
Judv cm 747 Om/> 

YOU 1*6 Lxmdivp hrnrliin/n 
Id LID 000 * norm* A Companv 
orni-til* W need a bream amOi 
Imn wrtrury wilb guad 
SH/TNPai WPikUtotoaravla 
super young rxrrulivr ana be 
rone minis nri m mis tuns 
Lnrnpean SvsIMn Marirlmq 
Group in wc I French uretul 
Pkvw ruiq Vkrvuedau Ol 4Ha 

>h) up ot new disrono 

ol i.kimmv group You'll ire 

"Itiamnini the duo - taking |r Is 

rcg»nivitniili starring fro-n 

ural.h Qumiw V-oan 

w p/Eiccirotw T/v, rati 
Ml belle has Omct ANGELS 
Mn tw Ol oT9 0777 


MA/SoTMaTV Ale VOU well 
rduraled. rartv 20'*. looking to 

rununrie vuur vertrtariai *kih* 

wilh MNnuuionl /uunuiv 
Irame jfnuiv turn Inn. poulino 
rinihl be lur vou Working li« 
Ihn young at ruron 

On mor/Auaum Chairntau 
Inter nalamal Cnmpanv Ms uf 
vrnpr nmeraul -riian met 
Innfciiiri Regents pork k'.OnOQ 
pa Plus prth* Age Gall M. 
rnelli- Fireman 40+ 4«M rkv-l 
Personnel Her Cutn 

sniMT U.AVCR £7 600 
lovely Ikrvt mo m ■ well known. 
Mritenus rrs They plan < 11 
ale and Drrvenl exhitHlion* un 
nehatt of llmr mml* working 
ruwely wilh mew kindly raring 
IVfvuunei/Admut Manager vou 
Win ngov nign 100 unernli 
while hwnrag about person or I 
and uftire admin Drttelili Inc 5 
week. Holiday RravotuMr 
umntuna/ivpino irqumed 
Pteove lei 01409 1232 The 
Work snop 

Hvnaimc companv in a recep- 
Uonnl rrU- wrurn ntires rareei 
drvrtODfnenl lullv imotied in 
nmiiunv ortivHirs vihi wiU 
hau Ihc opp lr- makt- .1 pnvilnr 
Cunlributian .MM wtnaain valu 
able (*11 wiurn wdi lead iou 
inla a ratrrr TVPIlig al <Ui 
wpm feu'd Salary rCBSOO pa 
Svnerny . the cernniinenl cnn 
xuttanCY 01 «i7 9533 

cotieqe leaver «sg|h om serial "A" 
level in Science and profewion 
al oullonk will be cherBlied 6v 
inu SWt Snenlilir Organ 
isaliofi Sh/hand typing needs 
la be heattny- training rm <moll 
WP available rnmdly vuprsnri 
ive Hum. «onw> wrui eveniv 
r £7.500 AAE Joyce Guure** 
Ol 589 8807/0010 veer rami 

a career a* a Conference and 
ExhUnnom CtkafaiaaMr? Joui 
Un, dynamic company wirere 
vou will carry out a re*poraMe 
role. Typing at 60 wpm reu’d 
for vour own rere Solorv US 
£10500 pa Svnerav. tee re 
mutment ronvullancy. 01637 

career growl n mio an Ejsecu 
the rale? Wiihin ltd* unusual 
pfMlran. vou wiU wag Uir MO 
m every aspen of DuMnevs ac 
Hi lly and will be irairimg I nr 
lulune deveMpnienl*. Skitti 
90/60 wpm Salary £12.000 
pa. Synergy, lire rerruument 
ctHttuBaiirv . 01 637 9533 

lira no® non offer* lire opp 10 get 
out of pie Mlire a* you become 
inv alved in gig prrts thorn and 
10 much more. Typing al 50 
wpm reg'd. Sh on asset Salary: 
10 £7800 pa Synergy. Use re- 
crultnrem consul Lancy. 01-637 

SEC, SH uuHul lor promnnon. IP 
worts on trading floor of 
M/Bank HiSWl WPexpnecn- 
*ary Perfect lor 2nd sobbrr 
wnn like* a lively nonaspheje. 
£8.000+ woadhouse Rec Com 
01 404 4646. 

RC1 HEAD OFFICE of large irod 
Inn Oo nerd admin anealaled 
secretary wllh vhorllvand and 
audio Small tnendiy company. 
£10.000 439 7001 iwea Endi 
377 8600 iCMvt Secmarres 
Phis The Secreforlal 

Co iwuJ Ion t*. 

ire City Hank reginre* young 
sec Lot* of people eoisloct. >n 
lolvnsrepi m company poltcm 
etc Skill*- 90/50 £8.500 + 
mom 377 8600 I CUD nr 430 
7001 sWevt End 1 SecTrlarw. 
Plus The Setrrurkil 


C1ZSOO+ mgitgMr newly op 
POUilrd Finanre Dtrerlre 
pmllgious Qtv Bank needs re 
mansaMe vr/w wdi mmaUv e 
and dvnamnm Age 26 35 
skill* 100/70 City experience 
Protil snare etc 430 
1561/2653 Oiddr Simpson 




Don wDttang 1.3) - 6J0 p.m. as pan at a small fnemfly Ram m Bond 
Sural appeal to you 9 

Are you an effnaem, unflappable shorthand PA min can wort c on tiri e mfy at 
Board level 9 

Do you have WP and telex ex p enencc. or (eel you would be quck m team 
our conmncations eysums? 

II so. ttRS Strong company would like to hear tram you. 

Teh 01-829 9269 

and resporiMblr PA with good 
tamnuraKauom skin* lor email 
rerire. Frat tyouig. 3 days per 
week. RmgOI 4938824. JL'DY 
CONSI. 47 New Bond SL Lon 
don WI 

INTERESTBdO Pan -llmr opportu- 
nity at Mayfair anuaire snap 
living compulre 4 noun daUy 
for 6 monttn or more. Common 
rew and accuracy more im- 
ooriani than ire Mi leal mils. 
Telephone ion 493 5868 

quired lor Honey Street Denial 
Surgeon. AppnoxinuieUi 14 
• noun per week- Typing wren 
uai. some hook keeping Good 
salary Ol 93£ 2182 



Ran ante assstani secreurv lor 
Chairmans tff<f of PiCUsteUJ 
Companv m Btoomshury. Hours 
Mpoiottie but ptetoably 5 days 
a week Auric only 
Please ran tv wnn to 
SandnLee. 3? Bedford Sg. WC1. 
636 3344 

«p OPERATOR required (or 
buvy ollirc in Temple £Cd Le- 
gal experience an renaniogr 
good sabuY. roust he able lo 
work under pressure. Further 
detail* lekphone 353 7366 


The Times Classified 
columns are read by 13 
mill ion of the most affluent 
people m the coantry. The 
folEowiag categories 
appear regularly each 
week and are generally 
accompanied by retetant 
editorial articles. Use the 
coopoa (right), and find 
oat how easy, fast and 
economical it is to 
.advertise in The Times 


Edacatioa: University 
Appointments. Prep & Public 
School Appointments. 
Educational Courses. 
Scholarships and Fellowships. 

La Creme dr In Crane and other 
sccreunal appointments. 


fYjrajmtor Horizarar Computer 
Appointments wuh editorial. 
Ltfld AppoiatHflliB Solicitors. 
Commercial Lawyers. Legal 
Officers. Private & Public 

Legal Lx Creme for top legal 

Public Sector Appointments. 


Lx Crbae de Is Crane and other 
secretarial appointments, 
property: Residential Town A 
Country. Overseas, Rentals, with 

Aatiqaes mad CofledaMes. 


General Appointments; 
Management and Executive 
appointments with editorial, 
u Create de la Create and other 
secretarial appointments. 


Motors: A complete car buyer's 
guide with editorial. 

Bananas to Busfams: Business 
opportunities, franchises etc. 
with editorial. 

Restaurant Guide. (Monthly) 


Ornuts and UK Hobdays: 
VtHas/Couages, Holds, flights 


Fill m the coupon and attach it to your advertisement, written on a separate 
piece of paper, allowing 28 letters and spaces per line. 

Rates am Linage £4,00 per line (mm. 3 tines): Boxed Display £23 per singe 
column centimetre: Court A Social £6 per line. All rates subjwn to 15% VAT 
Send t« Sbhky Manofs, Group Classified Advertisement Manager, Times 
Newspapers UrL. PO Box 484, Vininta Stmt, London El 9DD. 

Telephone (Daytime) ...Date of insertion..- 

(Please allow three working days prior to insertion dale.) 

Use your Access. Visa, Ame\ or Diners cards. 


U.U Srt-O I 1 £. 










Interested in legal matters? 

loin [he headquarters of «his international 
pharmaceutical group as a secretary in our 
Law Department, which provides a 
comprehensive legal service (o Croup 
companies worldwide. 

If you have legal experience so much (he 
better, although our main requirement is for 
accurate secretarial skills including 
shorthand, an interest in or a willingness to 

learn word processing (Rank Xerox J and the 
maturity to liaise at a senior level. 

Salary according to age and experience, 
plus benefits including bonus and pension 
schemes, interest free season ticket loan, 
lunch allowance. 

Please send a detailed C.V. or telephone 
Ian Turner on 01-493 4060 Ext. 300 for an 
application form. 

Glaxo Holding* 

JS p.I.c. 

C larges House, 6-12 Clarges Street, London Wl Y 8DH. 




The General Manager of a Spanish bank wishes to re- 
cruit a bilingual PA/Secretary with English mother 
longue and fluent Spanish in addition to this excellent 
salary, regular paid overtime is offered for the can- 
didate who can provide flexibility, first class skills and 
previous experience at this level. 

ENGLISH/GERMAN to £14,800 

An excellent opportunity has arisen with a City-based 
international bank for a senior secretary with total 
fluency in both English and German. As PA to the 
General Manager, the successful candidate should be 
well educated, have shorthand in both languages and 
be enable of providing full secretarial and admini- 
strative support 


Our client, the Senior Executive of an investment 
company, is looking to recruit a bilingual secretary, 
aged 35+. who will be responsible for running the 
office during his frequent business trips. The suc- 
cessful applicant must have total fluency in both 
French and English and be capable of providing a full 
secretarial back-up. 

Please contact Alison McGoigan, Jonathan Wrap 
btemalhwal lid (Bffingual Secretarial Division). 

170 Bishopsgate, LONDON EC2M 41X 
Tet (01) 623 1266. 


1. GO TO THE TOP £ 12,000 

If you like dealing with "Captains of Industry", have 
immaculate presentation and sec skills (100/60 + WP). 
initiative and good telephone manner - this is the job for 
you. Call us now. 


a We are looking for an enthusiastic applicant who ml 
'have perfect presentation and skills (100/60 + WP), 
discretion, the ability to organise and keep calm in very 
exciting surroundings. 


'We are looking for a resilient sh/sec who will survive on 
drama and pressure working to one of this company's 
top Designers. Must have 100/50 and poss suit some- 
one over 35 years. 

Ring Sally Owens on 01-235 8427 
4 Pont Street, 

London SWtX 9EL 



Temporary Temporary Temporary) 
If yon join our professional team of Secretaries 
we can offer immediate bookings with Uit 
most prestigious companies. Whether you 
WP skills, you’ll find our placements are dte-f 
: fincSy different. Ring or drop into any of oon 
offices TODAY. 

Permanent Permanent Permanent 
IN CONTROL £10,500] 

To flap or not to flap. That won't be a question in 
Senior Secretarial position, as a mature approach is 
essential to arranga a Partner's business fits. ExcaLl 
lent presentation is needed for Ref: (A1) 562/42009* j 

INVOLVED! to £10,00Qj 

Confused paper-work requires a flexible friend toj 
organize its life. Good Typing and Administration 
skflts are necessary lor a busy, involved rale hi a 
friendly office. Ref: (E) 559/42004. 

INITIATIVE! to £9,000 

A smart approach combined with initiative will land a 
prestige Secretarial position working tar a top prop- 
erty consultant Particularly pleasant surroundings 
reflecting the company's status. Ref: (Btj 551/42012. 


19/23 Oxford St, Wl Teh 437 9030 
131/133 Cannon St, EC4 Tel: 826 8315 
185 Victoria Street, SW1 Tel: 828 3845 
22 Wormwood St, EC2 Teh 638 3846 






c.£l 2,000 

The Personnel Manager of a leading firm of 
City stockbrokers is currently restructuring the 
department in line with their recent increase 
in staffing levels. Consequently, we are look- 
ing for a Personnel Assistant to undertake a 
large and varied administrative work load and 
provide vital backup to the Personnel Offi- 
„ cere. The successful candidate will have 
a proven organisational and administrative 
n skills gained within a large organisation.'A 
levels; age range early ^ to mid 20 ’s. 

Please telephone 588 3535. 

Crone Corkill 


Two Top 



Two Senior Directors of a major engineer- 
ing services group each require an 
experienced and versatile secretary to 
organise and plan his day to day 

With previous experience at cfirector level, 
you must possess the full range of tech- 
nical skifis together with the maturity and 
strength of personality to meet either 
challenging position. 

Telephone or send your C.V. with full 
salary history to: 

Mr C P Ousefey - 
Company Personnel ~~ 
Drake & ScuH " * 



Telephone: 01-272 0233 

: SCUU Engineering U* 
House, Highgate HiB, 
ondon N19 5PS 

c£12,000 + mortgage + bonus 

j£ unking experience not essentia) when .you joins 

this top City based inte r national bank as PA/ 

aecretaiy to their managing director. You ahnuld be 
very socially confident, able to liaise with VIP's and 
ideally a mature secretary with a stable board level 
background. Sepctocular offices. 100/60 skills and WP 
experience needed. 



J oin this leading computer consultants to the bank- 
ing industry as secretary to a director. Possibly set 
up conferences and handle your own research projects. 
Good prospects - the last person moved into a non- 
gecretarial role. 55 wpm typing needed, audio and WP 
ability essential Please telephone 01-240 3661. 

Elizabeth Hunt 


18 Gosvenor Sheet London Wl 

PA to Chairman 

c£ 12,000 

Excellent opening for a top Executive PA 
within this high profile, high-growth PLC. 
Xlbdong closely with their young, dynamic 
Chair man you will enjoy total involvement 
- handling financiers, advisers, VIP diems 
etc and co-ordinating all aspects of his 
internacibnalbtistnessaflairs. Fbise, superb 
presentation and board-level experience 
"essential. Skills 90/50. Age 27-35- Please 
telephone 01-i83 5787. 


: Recruitment Consul ran 


4 - ^As so ci a tes For All Speech 
k- ! Impaired Children 

Fun time Secretary/Assistant for small, busy 
and friendly children's charity. 

First dass shorthand/typing and office 
experience essential Salary negotiable. 

Job description and application form from: 

AFASIC 01 236 3632/6487. 

Closing date: 14 November 1986. 




Superb opportunity for 
ambitious young Secretary 
with excellent skills (S/H A 
Audio) poise and presence 
-coretanable with high 
powered poopIc-Secortd 
Secretary to Chairman of 
famous Mayfair Company. 
£9.000 pa. + benefits 

01 370 5066 




Vow lively confidence, 
organising ability, excellent 
shorthand and experience in 
the insurance world will be 
much appreciated by this 
large broking co. Age range 

£11.500 + super benefits. 

01 370 5066 


£12,900 + BONUS 

ReaW. aeaty. gtf Due m 
exnarson our ettera neats a trotoD 
PA to asast <n Marketmg. Tjomg a 
must -no 5H thouqb snug hm an 
analytical nwtJ Well estaUstwd 
Imcsniwif House -MoM art 
graduate Love of ftgures a plus. 
BuP A. STLS Gnat gnmeess. 4 
aks lulls [REC. CONS.) 

,01-481 2345 



Our ihenU- a prestigious 8 initrei- 
Jxjruily known Record Co. tenure a 
young & ca trade SH/Sec PA wtn 
good s*as 5 eweflent prasortanon 
to gel touitv mvoMU m an aspects 
of me Personnel tycoon tim & 
an xaref carter note if you fan 
strong eommuracanon staUs & the 
aMdy to work or. mm utfotrrt 

01-481 2345 



An environment that will 
put your skills to the test. 

Merrill Lynch is one of the largest and most diversified 
financial institutions and is committed to playing a leading 
role in the development of the world's capital markets. 

Our expansion in London means that we currently have a 
number of openings for experienced and professionally 
motivated Secretaries at both senior and junior levels. 

We operate within a highly competitive financial 
en vi ro n men t which rlomwiidB excellence ri^ri commitment. 
Applicants should have good secretarial skills with 
shorthand/typing speeds of 100/60 wpm, word processing 
experience (preferably IBM). A strong personality and 
resourcefulness to exercise initiative are key requirements. 

Due to the international nature of our business some 
vacancies have unusual hours mainly because of worldwide 
geographical time differences, therefore, a degree of 
flexibility will be required for the more senior posts. 

Our salaries are competitive, depending on age and 
experience. Excellent benefits package includes free life 
assurance, interest-free season ticket loan, subsidised 
mortgage scheme, LVk, contributory pension scheme and 
sports and social dub facilities. 

If you would like the opportunity to match your skills to 
our challenges, write with brief career details, including your 
current salary level and daytime telephone number (if possible) 
to: Karen Leach. Recruitment Officer, Merrill lynch Europe 
limited, 27 Finsbury Square, London EC2A 1AQ. 

Merrill Lynch 



AMERICAN BANKING £12,000 + benefits 

An American Finance House with a high profile image needs an A 
level educated secretary with good skills and a business orientated 
outlook. A good communicator with an outgoing personality will be 
involved at the heart of their international activities, and port of the 
role will be to project the company image to their visitors. 

MARKET RESEARCH £ 13,000 + benefits 

A market research giant, way ahead in the field, needs a PA/Secretary 
for its charismatic Chari man. The brief is for a gregarious and skilled 
workhorse, who can cope with the press, mix with the media, and 
appreciate hard work and full involvement in an exciting and hectic 


City Secretary 

£9,750 + Maay Beaeflts 

Two assistant directors in the 
merchant banking dfrisiofi of a major 
City company need a mature, 
efficient secretary with good sh/ 
typing skills. Benefits indude a 
mortgage subsidy, generous LV* a 
non-contrib. pension scheme, BUPA. 
paid overtime and an early salary 
review. Age: 35-45. 


Committee Secretary 

C. £12,000 

Professional body 

rianced senior Conwx tire S ecretay 
to wotk atlheh headqwrtws 
You should be a graduffle aWato 
write and comiminrateckterty and 

concisely- Prevtou . CT*re n«°< 
minute taking and edmax^ation^- 

ential preferably wBhm a stetoerw- 

ronment Excellent career prospects. 

■ m 

of North London 


Take charge of the office In onr 
Medical Architecture Research 
Unit (REF: A59/) 

We are looking for a foU-time Secretary to run 
the busy departmental office in our Medical 
Architecture Research Unit You’ll need to have 
fast accurate typing skills and good organisation 
ability. You should also be capable of workiiK 
on your own, using your initiative, and should 
stay calm and meet deadlines under pressure. 
We will train you on the W/P if necessary, but if 
you have experience of Wordstar word- 
processing h would be a real advantage- 

YouTJ find this is an interesting position with 
excellent opportunities to get fully involved in 

the small friendly department, there’s a salary of 
to £8.532 

£7,308 to £8.532 inclusive of London 
Allowance. (Pay award pending). 

Far an application form and farther details 
please contact The Perso n nel Office, The 
Polytechnic of North London, Holloway Road, 
London N.7. Telephone 01 609 9913 Hour 
soswerphane service). Please quote refer ence 

dosing dale: 14th November, 1984. 


c. £11,000 

Can you deal with Amsterdam. Australia and 
America, plus turn your band to correspondence, 
reports and licensing agreements as well as bask 
accounts? If so this snail international team whh 
technical interests and with superb offices in W.l. 
need a capable and experienced secretary to give them 
full secretarial and administrative support. Good 
skills ( 100/60/audio/WPl French usefuL Age 30-45. 
Please ring 434 4512. 

Crone Corkill 


TV Reception! 


Excellent opening for a bright, bubbly type as 
‘front-desk’ reception in this high-profile 
national TV company. Superb modern offices. 
High interest and variety. Some work 
experience helpful, not essential. Accurate 
typing 1 45 wpm ) requested. Agp 19-22. For 
farther details please telephone 01-409 1232. 

■■■■■I Recruitment Consultants ■■■■ BOOMS 

Marketing Team 


This dynamic; fast moving travel Company seek 
on experienced secretary to work lor their 
Marketing leant. A lively, noisy bunch, they need 
a bright, on-rhe-balf secretory to organise 
them, iiaise with clients, research new protects 
and handle all their correspondence. Good 
audio typing essential. Age 20+. P/ease 
telephone 01-493 4466. 





As a T emporary Controller wittwi our hktty profe ssi o na l 
wgmsauon you will enter a stimulating environment 
wnere mtfiwftjal contributions are the key to success. 

taJhly rnoovaied. a sen-starter, thrive on a 
temandmg work schedule and are seeking a new dtrran- 
s«n to yom career - we tan otter you a rewarding role 
witflui our company. 

Your abrMy to corrmumcate effectively at all levels as wd - i 
as a sound knowledge of office systems. seoetarial/WP & 
futrawns and a gam typing speed will provide you tmtti a ■ ■ 
umq^oppwtuniiy to develop and progress in our dynamic 

"heresting and you are aged between 23-35 $■ 
men contact * 


John H®a*fl or Frances Carey an 01-229 9244 . T 


Why travel farther? 

firm of Estate 
Agents needs a 

the buzz in 

environment, where 
you can develop and 
expand your own 



01-408 1295 


£9 - 10,000 
package in SW1 

Sipab position .lor bUrapnl French/ 

be pan 

liyefy informal team. workhK for the bn 
moving and dynamic Saks Director. Yon 
wifi be 23+. smart and polished with 
excellent typing and W.P. skills. Call us now. 



c£134>00 pa. 

Superb job in the City to work for the Direc- 
tor qf this medmm sized International bank. 
You need to be fluent in Spanish to cope 
with your own correspondence in English 
and Spanish, have sound secretarial skills, 
initiative and at least 2 years e xp erience at 
senior iereL Excellent ba nk ing benefits in- 
clude ui nn ga ge ntafcfiaiy. Agt 27+. 

i r 

1 t* x 

ftp) International Secretaries 

01-491 7100 





a b iivwi fawwlmsc! 

FRENCH & GERMAN are the most usefaT 
languages for a fascinating job in the wine 
trade, as PA/Secretary to the Internationa) 
Director. He needs the good back-up which 
comes with experience and excellent skills. 
To £10.600 + extras. 

GERMAN and English shorthand? An ex- 
citing 2nd job for a Bi-Jingual Secretary who 
can cope with 2 bosses and a word proces- 
sor, in a lively banking environment, with 
quite a bit of pressure. £9,000 + bonus + 
excellent package. 

SPANISH of high quality and English of 
mother tongue level? Bi-lingual PA/Secre- 
lary (late 20’s/eariy 30’s) with senior 
experience to assist General Manager (Span- 
ish) of Internationally known Bank. 
£ 1 2,000-£ 13,000 + package. 

01 836 3794 

m Charing Cross Road, London WC2H0HK 


Longman Seminars is a well established 
(inference company running a wide range 
of events in the UKand oversea* 

We are looking for an experienced secretary 
to join our small hard-working team to 
provide the secretarial support and be 
responsible for all aspecteofthe computerised 
delegate bookings, fast accurate audio/ 
shorthand typing and a professional 
telephone manner are essentia! although 
good administrative abBity and initiative are 
equally important 

We are offering asaiaryofc.£8 J 500 plus an 
attractive benefits package and are based 
in pleasant offices m Central London. 

Please apply in writing enctosing a evto:- 

CharioUe Ken; Longman Group UKLtd, 
21/27 Lambs Conduft Street, 

London WC1N3NJ. 

in urratwnoiM. 


5BHM g_caac an 

[UVERnSIMS £14,OOo] 

Our clients a young advertising agency in the! 
West End are looking for a charming. I 
| perfectionist Personal Assistant to deal with all! 
{the Chairmans business matters. Goocr 
{prospects for total involvement Age to 25 
iSkffls 100/60. 


I We are looking for a young professional] 
Jsecretary/PA to work for an investment banker' 
ffn the City- He's a bachelor in his 30's and] 
requires a dedicated person who wffi deal with! 
the organisation of business conferences asl 
weft as help on priva t e business. Overtime! 
.required occasionally as you are working within! 
I strict deadlines. Lovely offices. Age c23j 
Speeds 90/60. i 


Please can us for an interview uma 6.30pm. 




e*' i 




• Competitive rates and a holiday pay 
scfieme throughout the winter 

• .Vie mk of the Best assignments in London 

• Professioml and persoml service 
Telephone Liz Bamtft today 
for the latest assignments 
on 01-439 060L 




■ MU m Nwt '1 LonCW T 

Ifenagan. Sentor tavet badvouid ml me 

on own wtHttw a assanUM. Kn oirt p q w oi 

sal Cn»9 nMng MB w aNm on tBttWP. 

Drinks Co. trasad m Itorft LOnOon tw^iw oxportanceO 


3tMkty lo organse and worlt _ 

S^ansbas a ramandoua sssal Cnw VBMng 

*g* 2S+ Satafy: E8800 * Ca bunaOcs, 


EHtoanL mature and weB^ooRNNl Sec is raqo ty biiainaiionrt Banit b 
walk H sonar level. Fktant French and German, me afcttty to ejo ana e 
take maatlre as mi as tad state (SOTO are assents! tup m 

It 500 + banfang 


httem a aonai Ctty firm require op a 
mottMrtangue set ana extremely * 

possnan wndi mauOeB pereonneL 

as sortie translation work. The aseny to tafte cncBBon m both EnOBan 

01 238 5501 


nt Spanish. 71X8 a » responshie 
■■liel and admin antes b> won 

(EMP *CY) 


Star Temps 

Te m po ra ry 
wttti good skflfe 100/55 
needed by our top clients 
in Property. Travel. Design 
and Fasriwn aH offering 
superior rates. 



French Cosmetics 


Break into the fast track! Writing alongside the 
Marketing Director in this aggressive, highl y 
successful company you will enjoy total involve- 
ment -7 meetings, product marketing strategies, 
information updates, competitor-product monitor- 
ing etc et& Calm confidence 
required. Good skills under 
23+. Please call 01-409 "“ 

Km ullrentt Cot w ull wntg 


require an experienced, 
watt-organised secretary 
to run their smafl Merafly 
design office in Camden. 

Safety negotiable. 


Satyr lipstombe 

01-482 4222. 



Tp help run very busy 
small designer hnft wear 
company writh own stop. 
Knowledge of boofeaepba 
together wftti axcatent 
o r ganteeti onaland 

required. Renbfe hours, 
d safety. • 

TO £1l|oBO 

Pet tepw-Nj ua aoSTfi 

• JEnM 

trC Vta 

290asfaoi n ttt |W1 . 




.„r .y, 


» tional Secretaries 


Longman =|= 


MacBlain i 

H ■»» 
* ; .vh,, 
..i *• *♦*■ 


*• MV 



resistant to pressure? 

£13,500 Package 

outgoing, resilient and looking for hard wort: with high 

icwaras. If SO_ come snd join thic. fict_fn/wtTW» Airminn Rank 

seeks a 

L »“»u piyiMMUlWI P-AVsecretary iia uma iiiiu aia, 

wno will be responsible for the day-to-day running of his life. 
wuuk will include arranging meetings, maintaining his diary, 
providing foil secretarial support for him, and general 
administrative assistance for his department, including liaising 
wtn traders. You should have excellent skills (1 10/60/WP), a 

environment Please telephone 588 3535, 

Crone Corkill 

n an m gaisms * &vn a 


1 Top P.A. 1 

| £12,000 1 

*? . -3 

5 T HE CHBBP EXECUTIVE of this large, interna- £ 

< X tional company needs a PA to mirk closely Z 

?D . alongside him and assist at all lends. 

•j |m 

a . u a rare opportunity to become really in - R; 

Z waved and be greatly appreciated by a kind and > 

** niMkAPTMU Amp A Pmijui Z* L. ■ V □ 

7 tip CHIEF EXECUTIVE of this large, mlema- 
X tional company needs a PA. to mark closely 
alongside him and assist at all lends. 

This is a rare opportunity to become really in- 
volved and be greatly appreciated by a land and 
supportive boss. A sense of humour is an advantage. 

Skills 100/60 Age: 2S-40 



2 8 Golden Square, London WL fr 

rn Teh 01-439 602L 


r CfionE wno 


An excellent opportunity for a senior secretary us get 
involved in the Big Bang. As PA (o ihe European 
Executive your flair for languages, admin and 
handling people will all come into play. Someone 
down IO earth and on the ball would suit perfectly. 

I IQ/60 Skills and WP experience. 


As secretary u> the dynamic Marketing Director of 
this international cosmetics bouse you will see new 
products through from development 10 launch, 
monitor advertising and recruit junior staft Lots of 
s pace to develop and lake on more responsibility. 
Skills 90/S0 and WP experience. 

plena tetephone: 01-499 BIT?® k 

46 Old Bond Street London W.1. 


Money, Money, Money 

£10,500 + benefits 

YDtmg, outgoing and snnrtiy-presemed 
secretary sought by leading Gty bank. As 
part ofasmalL elite marketing team you will 
handle travel, general conespondence, 
agreements etc in a fast-moving, fun, 
extrovert environment. Benefits indude 
mortgage subsidy STL, health insurance 
etc Excellent skills (100/60) and some 
wort experience requested. German use- 
ful, not essent ial Age 20+ . Please 
telephone 01-493 5787. 


Rc cru tan cw Co ro u h a nn 


£ 10,000 . 

Organising press conferences sol senior 
level diem conttcl are Dart of your aedtino 
tom rote waking* lESaor teSnrtna 
arrfimtelmmcal PJL Co. in EC4. 
90/W4 WP + sound set axp. confidence & 

_ to £9,000 

The UndontfeadQuarterg ot this major com- 
pany wit h offic es world wide requires a beauti- 

ffi SStfdES 

WP trammg pven. Stunning offices in WCL 
subsidised unch. Previous exp an but 
not essential. 

to £12,000 

Use your efficient, confident approach - and 
outgoing pereonabty to the Ml working tor 
the Chairman of Ms internationally famous 
dub. You need skffls of 80/GD a main and 
team spirited manner and the abfflty to Isase 
* the highest terete. Age 22-25. 

College Leaver 

Start * the top assisting the busy M JX and 
Ids PA of a wen known newspaper group. 
80/45+, Bvaly mind and keen approach. SaL 
&£6£00 + early review and 6 wks hols. 

437 6032 

Alternatively - if you want to temp while we search far the right job far you, ring 

Fiona NOW!! 

■ t%3i*3HL»Vl»g 


£ 12,000 

High calibre role for a skilled secretory ready to 
lake a step up. The company is West-End based, 
young but wefl-estabJishd in investment consul- 
tancy. As ‘ right-hand ' to their exceptional 
young MD you will enjoy scope and considera- 
ble autonomy in handling personnel and 
general admin matters. Good skills (90/50) 
essential although typist provided. Age 25-30. 
Please c all 01-493 4466. 



Small City insurance company 
requires a smart, experienced 
receptionist, with typing skills, 
to join their specialist team. 
Beautiful offices, LV’s, health 
club membership and other 
usual benefits. 

Tel 01-481 3122 
Elizabeth Clegg 




We are a leading advertising agency in die We* End 
Innlrmg for a ynnng experienced secretary to wort: for 
one of our Charts Services Directors and bis team. 

You will need excellent drill*, enthusiasm snd lots of 
common together with the ability 10 louse with 

both cheats and tuft, As wen as the usual secretarial 
wk (he job win allow plenty of opportunity to 
become involved with the wort of the group. 

If yon have b interest a admtfsfag and are lookfag 
lor new ebatteogr obeying aD the benefit* el befog 
part of a team within a lar ge ag ency, please tel ep h on e ; 

Susanna Jacobsen on 629 9496. 


a null, friendly and well »— bmm we trr l i m 

_ to SB the _ following 2 vaandeB- 

1) Rec cp tfa n ist/ trkp hNi ut - * good telephone manner 
ml smart appearance b fanponmn. 

2) SeorWxry - andio aad shorthand, far boxy fi i m irt e d 

U^rino t dcpmnbcnL 

J Salaries aju. 

Please ring 01-235 9641 Re£ DMH. 


Young enthusiastic person required for frierafiy firm 
of property consultants in Krightsbri dg e. 

Tel: Amabel hr further Maffs 

M 81-235 5842 

•j f /J U - 


members at salt. You wte 
need 1 year m any legal 
aw prawn Hong wan an 
easy gomg personalty. H 
you can typo £ hm used 
auto. Own cal 


01-734 0911. 



With experience of high pressure admin 
in either direct mail, advertising or 
print/production. After initial training 
you would be expected to provide back 
up to Cheat Services Manager, eventually 
dealing With own clients. Age 25+. Salary 

Telephone Gina Brady on 683 3131 


Based in Mayfair, require shorthand sec- 
retary with good skills, to assist two 
dynamic young Directors in this expand- 
ing company. Aged 24+ . Salary £8,500 pa 

Please write with CV to: 

Managing Director, 
Compco Holdings pic, 
5 Clifford Street, 
London W1X 1MB. 
Tel 01-439 0198. 


This prestigious Auction House is looking 
for a no. 2 secretary to join their 
Chairman's office. This would suit an out- 
standing college leaver or someone with a 
line working experience. Age 19 +. Speeds 
90/50. Salary to £&000. 


35 Breton Place *1.01-493 7789 


Required tor NHS 
general practice 
in South 
Good audio 
typing essential. 
35 hour. 4% day 
week . Salary 
£7,689. 4 weeks 

Apply to 

Practice Manager 

01 584 7788 

before 12J0pm 



c£1 2,500 CITY 

EuaWi auHrtunry to tgm 
sand P*w wiwrntDiup 
ttqw dosw mMi hh unk 
EoansM «■ nr ihv nuen on 
M aOwi nv wc wan> SMnsb 
S/H *> Boa m* strtcr mtnlng 
MiT Xfle»35> 

CPD Paragon Language 

Consultants m-5lo TOSS 


The increasing internatjonal suxess of ths firm of Fund 
Managers is parity due to its innovative marketing style. As 
Secretary to a Marketing Executive, you will be encouraged 
tocontributetothede^Jopmentofthedeptand won't be 
held bade if you wish totake on responsibility beyond the 
ptrety secretarial Salary £9^00 -£ I l,500aAe.Earty- 
m'd 20's. 9050 

fey city city city city d 


Many of the positions we are currently handling for 
leading Gty organisations are available on a temporary to 
permanent baas. With good shorthand or audio skills 
plus WP experience, you may find your next 
career move is only a temporary areDwan 

assignment away. « »«" 1 

for rue 
a nvcAF ecus 


city city city Fin^e ci. 



SALARY £9,500 neg 

Bright iMeffiBent aooaary reguired to nm bbbD pfeavnt 
office. Fkd SnecL Property devdoptaem ca One fcfl time. 
Director, mo pan bmc Direcuss. An Mane shorthand, 
roemory Cannon typewriter. Lanritow vooefaeo. aea- 
son ticket loan, BUPA-4 necks hob. 9.006JO. Wrae with CV 

Fraser Crtig Onsboftba, 169 Pfcatfbt W1V «SQ 



For smaH aato r d agency. Met be comptatoly seif mob- 
v^d and haw tost dass backgroaid in a temporary ifivisioci 


Y £10,000 B N 


Y £10,000 B N 

oin this exciting infbnnaJ atxnoephere m Europea 

position with good career prospects a* secretary 
their dynamic and very charming marketing director. 
He needs a real assistant and there are good prospects 
to develop an administrative role. W1 office. 100/60 
skills needed. Please telephone 01 240 3631. 

• Elizabeth Hunt • 

X. —RocrXmertCbnsiAonts /. 

NS. 18 Gasvenof Street London W1 

owsonmert, wtb NKpenotra n can v assteg and pea 
temporary staff. 


ExcoBont financial prospects and commons. 

Please rfag Stag Agency 

834 4123/8 

amount Kino 


to time of you wl*o tod N Mnl Hi pel to us in normal bans. Wb 

aamtong M PH to stocifirotang and bartang. WteMm you area 
dtody vtotod war station, net sttrtn o oil or waimg to wnp. 
plnse c&l n ip to Tpm. 


c£10 v 000 

This is a key rote as PA to the successful and dynamic 
Managing Director ol this vwy prestignus and fast moving 
putileteng house. Total involvement and the opportunity to 
use your initiative and axodient organisational atomies 
makes ttos a superb opportunity, working to the highest level 
ot confidentiality, alongside an MD who is keen to delegate, 
(deafly you are 25+ . with excellent sec skills (100/60), 
looking to develop your career. 

Phone Melanie Laing 

Ol 631 ITOTtecCorc* 

Price ^ Jamieson 





Bfi*ht ^ounp icereuty required for ibe Hyde Part office of 
London * leading Estate Agents. WP experience preferable but 


q -:»i: 

£ 10,000 

Specialist practice in 
VI seeks Company 

experienced assistant 
Some training will be 
offered to right 
person. Ability to type 
own reports/ 

correspon dance 

Willingness to study 
for Chartered 
. Secretaries Exams 
would be ideal. 

Cky 377 8600 
Ufad End 439 7001 


60 Grove End Road, 
London NW8 9NH 




Required for our 
Renal Unit/ 
Transplant Team. 

For further details 
please telephone 
Patricia Hagan on 

+ beNefits 

Fluent Spanish 
U-fingual PA to 
work for this 
busy City Bank. 
‘offices, excellent 
Shorthand 100 
wpm, typing 60 
wpm. Age 28-35. 

C9y 377 8600 


QSPfTALOFgTJQHij Secretarws Plus 

»] r/j li 



told- Whsmer MW 
p romo ti on Iras to bs you"* 
to Unre. you will iwgobSM 
lira tost wwas. (teal from 

dngruntod otoctocans to 
Board toroctors. YoucouU 
to n tto throng of a 
County Bated The nrar- 
kattng events team of BUS 
byname ad agency aaak 
your sac trenlng A 
entrepreneurial skA to 
Comptete thor toam_ 


821 0486. 


Tarapte EC4. Lagalexpori- 
Shto an aduniaga, good 

Mary, imot to abia to wurk 
undar prassur*, FUrthar to- 




Opportunity to join a rap- 
idly expanding pubbe 

company. We are a small, 
but busy commercial 

Good secretarial and won! 

Able to work under" pres- 
sure and ?n own 

GROUP pte 

01-736 3001 




what Is possfoly the fast- 
est growing, pubftshtng 
cxxnpaffiy in the UK 
requires a senior con- 
hdenhai PA} secretary 
with excelent shtes for 
excellent salary. This po- 
sition would be ideally 
suited to someone with at 

at senior tore! who Is 
used to working under 
pressure and using their 
own initiative. 

■M — • 



01439 4222 
or soul year CV to 

49 Potaad Streefe 
London, Wl. 


ravaed to work tor txxri 
Managing Director and DawJ- 
ednent Sineyor of an 
axpamtng amnrasfonal pnop- 
erry ccurpany. Shormano/ 
autro arts, general adattos- 
tranon. book haepng and 
taioiL bnrasting and wnad 
work and anon to work on 
own (rnttattva e essanlaL 

. Please tel ephone 
01-493 0204 
(No Aganoas) 

working cnviroomcM. 


. Apply now with IktU CV w 
M. Debt, CWstcrtoos Briidestfal 
40 Cne— sght Street, 
LoaAon W2 
01-262 5M0 
No Agencies! 



y W - c d uM lal aid Boeriaacad sa- 
mof secreaiy nqund to craartra 
md run to offices ol a successful 
tunas- Good fun ml 

sun regnuOto. 

Write wBh CV to: 


nowto J 

BW* ol your cawr n«BO»- 



To help nm wy busy 
small designer knit wear 
company with own shop. 
Knowwdge of bookeeping 
together with excaiem 
orgomsalional and 
required. Ftexfote now, . 




2nd Jobber £8^00 

They are a '■upei' bunch of 
'duos' and need your 
enthusiasm and pates to 
das) wMi ttielr prestige 
cfeems. On tne tongas of 
the Ctev you an* erfoy a fur 

and busy envHonmera 
usmg both secretarial and 
org an g aa ttoal sMBs. They 
are management con- 
sUtants and wffl be very 
much pan ol the 'tog 
Bang'. Tiisy offer super 
amaonmant plus a g net 
tons. _ 



on 01- 831 0668. 


.3045 yean 29J00 pa 

if you are extra spec&f, 
enfay dealing with people, 
can type apprax 40 wpm, 
wiSng to train on Cheetah 
telex, this International 
Oo. near Govern Garden : 
is waiting tor you 

Grade 0k (Rk Coos) 

01734 5266 


Fashion photographer in 
Krtghtstoridge requires 
txxAs keplto TR 
Organisation of shoots 
and trips. 

Would suit mature person 
with tats of personaflty. 

Salary BUN0 + 



ML Holdings PLC are looking to recruit an Executive Secretary 
based at our Slough Head Office. 

The ideal candidate will supply a complete secretarial/PA service to 
the Group Chief Executive. Duties will also involve some work for the 
Group Financial Controller. 

At least five years experience at senior board level is required along 
with excellent secretarial and organisational skills. 

Ifyou would like to work for a successful and expanding group of 
companies and enjoy our attractive employment package, please send 
full personal and career details to Mr. W.F. Brown, Personnel Director at 
the address below or phone (0753) 23838 ext 231 for more information. 

ML /Madon Ca Lid. 
816-617 Letgh Road. 
Sough. BerKStere. 



£M OOmpIw 

Ourcflraf ■ mfor twiMtonu 
Company raviira* a bngra ara- 
goflifl MCfUwy arth good 
«no>than& wn precairtig and 
•ontranaw nmt 

Woridng for Hm Prefflel areeulira 
M ira awy On suceaatt* 
oomliian MUMoonw • flmtrar 
ol a and m iwoMkI m toragi 
praam and dpraopnwMa doth 
n tM UK. ana enma*. 
Tam» otamptoyinanlindUdaa 
gmraus ranga of HMte. 

i> aka ka lu^au ijnnM 

ai me wesmKn pwea wm 

Batter MdUntted 


nenmas racnoMrs 



w*« ra cisjns 

atm £13306 

TOP PA/SfC £13^06 

an OKUBOBEiajm 

AovamSHB cs^sa 



Paa L S M B £8,500 

Nil BO|OT Uflpt 

fus tv Pt^ae 


VM uc ns, A pfluenby 


01 a09 0744 



Circa £11,000 pa 

The Managing Director and General Manager of this expanding company of private 
medical insurance adrrwKstrators require an inteKigent. numerate and articulate 
person to both provide full secretarial and administrative assistance and ensure the 
smooth day to day running of the Office. 

The successful candidate will be over tbc age of 25. possess good shorthand and typing 
skills, ha vc a pleasant telephone manner, with the necessary diplomacy and tact to (teal 
with pressured situations and experience in writing own correspondence. A mature out- 
look is essential as well as the ability to deal with a variety or people. 

Please write in the strictest confidence enclosing a full Curriculum Vitae lo:- 

ATTTTTD I 1— Mr J P a Songster 

TA inrawT A T r~ ° enerki Manager 

t Vl Kl 11 1 :A 1 1 I I Allied Medical Assurance Services Limited 

A COT TT> A MTT? 18 Buckingham Gate 

Auu U X\rViNV_yILi London SW1E 6 LB 


M/20 FORESHUff? 
£12,500 + 

US Bank needs Mwsmta. 
cod HHHdmor writ! excel lent 
memory and good track irant hi 

cotpotao finance ton fl enhance 

tto working We at tteigteful 4 
owreorted W). HeU teach you 
to suer (trough tusmss mn 
Ndos, youu organise evwvttwg/ 
anynmg and nantfle ugwy coo- 
kdensaf ntomatai 7W atfaran 
but 80/60 and WP sun needed 
too Languages useM 28 + 

To oomotau the picture. 

phase contact 
Rosemary WMMd or 
Urnfsey Andenao 
on D1 631 0902 



£ 10,000 

Tte e more d a Pft Dosuwi 
than seadstaL Tie HD of a 
successful S gmwtg com- 
pany has many oilier wared 
interests « wm*Ji you «fl to 
getting vwtivaL Yon wl to 
assisting hm n every aspect 
Of he 0U5BW», occasionally 
traveling to warns destina- 
tions m England. 

930 8207 

£10.000 + BENEFITS 

tog department o» a top 
International company ta an 
interesting place to to* Get 
InwolMO ntm WWorfdwide pro- 
motion and amoy 5 weeks 
discount Hobday, season 
ticket loan, free denial and 
modcal treatment plus a so- 
oaitt wtna tor and cenary! 

Ifl slpr t ati ge Roc Cent 


Senior partner of busy 
Mayfair based Property 
Consultants requres top 
PA/Secrewy with short- 
hand Soma admin, so 
good orgamsmg state 
pbwae. 2S+ CjEi i j)00. 

Cafl RriM Cwver h 

629 4171 

L '• 



aMsng Director 

c. £11(300 p. a. 

The Director of Marketing of this prestigious international 
organisation requires a professional, committed and self- 
motivated secretary seeking total involvement. 

The successful applicant will provide secretarial and 
administrative support to the Director and will manage his travel 
itineraries and diary arrangements. 

A fundamental aspect of this role will be to manage the highly 
complex interfaces both internal and external to the Marketing 
Function on a domestic and international basis. 

Initiative and excellent communication skills are required to 
succeed in this (pie. 

You must be an experienced secretary having worked for at 
least one year at Director level within a multi-national 
environment possessing excellent organisational, secretarial 
and word processing skills. 

Initially based in Central London the offices mil be relocating to 
Buckinghamshire in early 1987. 

In the first instance, please telephone or write to L.J. Associates 
at the address below. ref. w/ws 

Recruitment Spectafets 

l_ J Associates \ 

.•.• 7 , Euston House 

“ 81-103 Euston Street 

:.' f- London NW1 2ET. . 

1 > Tel: 01-333 5465.’ 


Executive Search and Selection Consultants 

Wvi'ww. aunmn. ruawir. cumou, tents. io»i*cw. •mwkstzx. uvctfni. wnnanwtiwvM 

PA To 

Managing Director 

Luxury Retail Company 

cM 3,000 pa, Comprehensive Benefits 

This is an excellent opportunity for a top flight PA to 
join an internationally renowned retail company based 
in central London. The organisation is enhancing its 
already prestigious market position and this role will 
develop well beyond the provision of a first class 
secretarial service and the usual concomitants. 
Candidates aged 25-40 should be well educated and 
highly presentable with the personality to mix at all 
levels' in the company and at occasional social functions. 
Several years director level experience with top level 
shorthand/typing and an orderly approach to 
administration are essential to fulfil the expectations of 
the demanding but charming Managing Director. 

Male or female candidates should submit in confidence 
a comprehensive CV or telephone for a Personal History 
Form to A. Garrod, Hoggett Bowers pic, 1/2 Hanover 
Street. LONDON, WlR 91VB, 01-734 6852, quoting 
Ref: 5000P T. 

Word Processing 
Seper visor 

We are looking for an experienced Supervisor to take 
control of the complete production of documents 
within our WP department: assuming responsibility for 
word processing, proofreading, photocopying, binding 
and telexes. 

Organising a staff of 12, you will be responsible for 
liaising with fee earners and ensuring the smooth 
running of the department, dealing with queries and 
planning for work to be swiftly and efficiently 
produced. Legal experience essential; Wang, 
experience preferred. 

Fairer and Co is a 28 partner firm situated conveniently 
close to Holbora Underground and just a few minutes' 
walk from Covent Garden. In addition to a competitive 
salary, benefits include a friendly-working 
environment, four weeks holidays. LVs, ST loan 
scheme, and Christmas bonus. 

Please apply in writing, with full personal and career 
details, to Jackie Hammond, the Personnel Manager, 
or telephone 01-242 2022 and ask for an application 




We are an expanding W2 firm of sofcitors and our Senior Partner is desperately 
seeking an eWcieni audio secretary. 

In addition to usual secretarial skills (ie good typing speeds, telex, etc|. we require 
somebody with common sense, who can work under pressure at times, who has 
the ability to deal with clients on the telephone, and who can generally organise our 
Senior Partner. We operate a Wang WP system, so WP knowledge Is essential. 
In reium for the above skills, we can otter you a salary of £10,000 p.a. (6 months 
review). 4 weeks holiday, yearly bonus, season ticket loan. L.V.'s and the chance to 
join our rivety team. 

interested? Then why not phone for immediate appointment 01-229 9181 ref: SA. 


To Chairman /Aianagicg Director 
To 121,000 

Required Tor International firm orArvniiwis in W-C— 
Excellent secretarial skills and word processing ex- 
perience essential. Responsible postion requinng well 
educated candidates with tact and ability to work well 
under pressure. Contact with clients, confidential 
board matters and substantial PA responsi Wines. Age 
approximately .28 to 35. 

Please write enclosing C.V. to; 

Miss Gill Reed 
Ground floor 
18 Stnkeley Street 


lor small inendiy smart oHkos. kings Cross Much dram 
contact, varied work and wsponsibihty. Excetom experience 
plus pleasing personality and appearance required. Age im- 
material. salary neg Out not less than £11.000 pa. 

Telephone 833 2351 

No Agencies 



The young, dynamic 
Personnel Director of 
this large international 
City company is looking 
lor a good organiser, 
who enjoys dealing with 
people, to assist non m 
the running oi his 

He is responsible for 
making personnel 
policies which aftect the 
whole organisation and 
wdl involve you totally in 
everything from liaising 
with the Chairman to 
personnel protkems. 

To make the most of this 
Opportunity you Should 
have the ability to handle 
an up-tronf position 
with tact, discretion and 
good humour. 

Age 25-35 Skills 100/60. 

City Office 


European Law Report Luxembou rg 

Missionary priest is self-employed 




■ 1 



Little Bang 
to £12,000 
+ profit share 

Away from the glare ol publicity surrounding 
the City, other superb opportunities exist 
within fast expanding, but unreported, 

A Chief Execulive with responsibility for over- 
seeing a Division of this national retailing 
group needs an experienced secretary aged 
25-30. with Hair and efficiency in addition to 
sensible s/h and good typing. Previous se- 
nior level experience is vital. Own 
correspondence, a busy schedule of meet- 
ings, extensive travel arrangements and 
overseeing the day to day running of an 
extremely busy office all contribute to a sat- 
isfying and well rewarded rale. 

For further information please contact 
Rosalie Preskett. 

■SOI -491 1868 S 

Marketing Assistani 

American Invasion 
£13,000 + Neg 

A major US bued company involved in Large 
^TXxonstruaion and consul onev projects is 
Sacking a marketing assistani to help spearhead 
their bunch into Europe. 

The job will entail identifying potential clients 
within a specialised market and mam taming an 
extensive and detailed data-base. You will also 
frequently be charred with the first and subsequent 
contacts with the client and providing a 
sophisti ca t e d PR and information support service. 

The successful applicant will have a logical mind 
with considerable reserves of determination, and an 
outgoing, polished personality to handle contact 
with diems and press. A comprehensive 
knowledge of key bonds/ retrieval systems' 
computers is also required as well as the ability to 
fit into an energetic and success-orientated 

Age indicator 23-35. Speeds 60wpm typing/WP. 

Please telephone 01-437 1564 

Mac B Iain 

& Associates Ltd 
01-437 1564 

Recruitment Consultants 130 Regent Street, 

London WlR 5FE" 

|mc45S Wa 41H31A & ADVERHSfNG 

I /// / PR START-UP 

V// / to £12,000 

/ / The Managing Director of a new 
/ City -based PR consultancy needs a PA 
/ who will want to grow with his company 
and enjoy setting up all of the systems from 
scratch. You will provide full secretarial 
support (100/60) as part of this challenging 
opportunity. Age: 224- 


£ 10,000 

Recently re-organised personnel department 
of top ad agency need a senior secretary to 
back-up the Personnel Director and Manager. 
High admin content Skills: 100/60 Age: 25-30 

492 8775 

Recruitment Consultants 

ALDGATE TO £10,000pa 

Mature person 25+ required to assist m administration 
of staff benefit schemes and to undertake secretarial 
back-up of department. Good typing speeds, knowledge 
of WP s wiltt 2-3 years administrative experience would 
prove ideal. Excellent fringe benefits including free res- 
taurant. STL etc. For further derails please telephone 
Ron Sear. S.H. Personnel Services on 01 491 7407. 
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Van Roosmalen v Bestmur van 
de Bedrifjsveremging toot de 
CezondhekL, Geestelijke ea 
Maatschappelijke Betanga 

Case 300/84 

Before K_ Bahtmann. President 
of foe Second Chamber and 
Judges F. A. Schockweiler and 
O. Due 

Advocate General M. Dannon 
(Opinion April 23, 1 986) 
{Judgment October 23] 

A missionary priest who was 
supported by contributions 
from his parishioners was a self- 
employed person for the pur- 
poses of Community social 
security legislation. 

The plaintiff, a Netherlands 
national, was a Roman Catholic 
priest belonging to the 
Pre m o nstra lensian (Norbenine) 
Order. After studying in a 
Norbenine monastery in Bel- 
gium. he served Grom 1955 to 
1980 as a missionary in the 
Belgian Congo, now Zaire. 

Dining a period of leave in 
1977 he resided in the Nether- 
lands and registered as a vol- 
untary insured person under the 
Algemene Arbeidsongeschikt- 
heidswei (General law on in- 
capacity for work — AAW). 

Article 77 of that law au- 
thorized voluntary insurance 
contributions to be paid in 
respect of periods during which 
contributors would otherwise be 
uninsured if they were pursuing 
an activity in a State regarded as 
a developing country. Zaire was 
so regarded. 

Having become incapacitated 
for work in Zaire he returned in 
March 1981 to The Netherlands 
where, with effect from January 

that be had not been incapaci- 
tated for work In The Nether- 
lands for an uninterrupted 
period of 52 weeks within the 
meaning of the AAW. 

The plaintiff brought a it ac- 
tion for the annulment of that 
decision before the Raad van 
Beroep (Social Security Court), 
Utrecht, which referred a num- 
ber of questions to the Court of 
Justice of the European 
Communities for a prelirainary 

In its judgment the European 
Court of Justice held as follows: 

The national court had 
submitted a series of questions 
.related to the principal problem 
of whether a residence require- 
ment for the award of an 
invalidity benefit was, in the 
circumstances of the present 
case, compatible with Commu- 
nity law. 

persons and was therefore also 
to be broadly imerpreted- 

In the context of voluntary 
social insurance organizer! for 
employed or self-employed per- 
sons or For all residents in a 
member state, the concept of a 
“self-employed person” was 
characterized by the type of 
activity which a person carried 
out or had carried out and such 
activity had to be a professional 

However, , taking into consid- 
eration the requirement that 
that concept should be inter- 
preted broadly, it was not 
essential that the selfemployed 
person should receive 
remuneration as a direct reward 
for that activity; it was sufficient 
that he should receive, in the 
context of that activity, 
contributions which enabled 
him, in whole or m part, to meet 
his needs, even if those 

In order to deal with that contributions were provided, as 
point it was necessary first to in the present cvy . by third 
examine the definition of the parties who were die benefi- 
conceprs of “selfemployed claries of the service provided 
persons" and of “legislation” for by a missionary priest, 
the purposes of Council Regnia- with regard to the question 
lion No 1390/81 of May 12, whether article 2(4) of Regula- 
1981 extending to self-employed tion No 1390/81 was applicable 
persons and members of their to the refusal of a social security 
families and Regulation No institution to grant invalidity 
1408/71 on the application of benefit on the ground that the 

social security schemes to em- insured person had not pre- whole or in part, tc 

ployed persons and their fern- viously resided in the member their needs, eve 

ilies moving within the state concerned for a certain contributions were 

Community (OJ No L 143 of uninterrupted period, it was to third parties whe 

May 29, 1981). be observed that the object of beneficiaries of the 

In accordance with the estab- that paragraph was to enable vided by a missions 
lished case law of the Court, the persons felling within the scope 2 A national regular 
concept of an “employed of the regulation to receive security matters w 
person" was not a matter for the social security benefits the extended to parsons 
national laws of the member award of which had been re- or who had carried t 

lished case law of the Court, the 
concept of an “employed 
person" was not a matter for the 
national laws of the member 
states but for Community (aw 

suit when they transferred t heir 
residence from one member 
state to another. . . •■= 

As the Court had hdd m i» 
judgment of June 10, 1982,. 
Camera v ([1982] ECR 

22 1 3). that principle mea nt not 
only that the person concerned 
retains the right to receive 
pensions and benefits acquired 
under the legislation of one or 
more member states even after 
taking up residence in another 
member state, but also th at he 
may not be prevented from.: 
acquiring such a right merely 
because he does not reside in the 
territory of the State in which 
the institution responsible for- 
payment is situated"'. 

On those grounds, the Euro- 
pean Court (Second Chamber) 

1 The concept of~self-em ployed 
persons" for the purposes of 
article I (aXiv) of Regulation No 
1408/71 as amended by Regula- 
tion No 1390/8 1, was applicable 
to persons who carried out or 
who bad carried out pro- 
fessional ac ti vit ie s, other than 
under a contract of service or in 
the practice of a profession or 
the independent operation of an 
undertaking, in the context of 
which they received contribu- 
tions which enabled them, in 
whole or in part, to provide for 
their needs, even if such . 
contributions were provided by 
third parties who were the- 
beneficiaries of the service pro- 
vided by a missionary priest. 

2 A national regulation on social ' 
security matters whose effects 

extended to persons carrying out 

or who had carried out activities 

1982, the defendant (Board of and was to be ©yen a broad 
the Professional and Trade “J terpretation, having ngard to 
Association for Health, Spiritual purpose of article 5 1 of the 
and lUuaal Mattml awnntnl EEC Treaty wtuefa was IO 

the Professional and Trade 
Association for Health, Spiritual 
and Social Matters) awarded 
him benefits under the AAW 
which were calculated on the 
basis that the extent of his 
incapacity for work was 80 to 
100 per cenL 

However, having learned that 
the plaintiff had returned to the 
monastery in Belgium on a 
permanent basis the defendant 
suspended the payment of those 
benefits with effect from 

fused or suspended by reason of partially or wholly outside (he 
the nationality of the insured Community was to be regarded 

— am rtf tfi r~ ■ ri n n *ip HiunMAriAxt 1 HrHlnfl ttw* 

EEC Treaty wtuefa was to 
contribute to the free movement 
of migrant workers, a principle 
which was one of the founda- 
tions of the Community. 

Since Regulation No 1390/81 
had been adopted in furtherance 
of the same objective as that of 
Regulation No 1408/71, the 
concept of “self-employed 
persons" was intended to ensure 
that such persons had the same 

the nationality of the insured 
person or of his residence 
outside the member state 

as “legislation" within the 
meaning of article 2 of Regula- ' 
tion No 1408/71/ 

It followed that the fact of 3 Article 2(4) of Regulation No 
being resident in another mem- 1390/81 was applicable to tire 

her state was assimilated to the 
feet of being resident in the 
member state concerned. 

That principle was embodied 
in article 10 of Regulation No 
1408/71 the aim of which was to 

refusal by a social security 
institution to grant invalidity 
benefit, on the ground that the 
insured person had not pre- 
viously resided in the member 
state concerned during a certain 

promote the free movement of uninterrupted period. However 
workers by insulating those the insured person might only 

December 1. 1 982 on the ground social protection as employed 

concerned from the harmful 
consequences which might re- 

rely on that provision with effect • 
from July 1, 1982. 

Law Report October 29 1986 

Solicitor’s duty to warn client of risks 

County Personnel Ltd v Alan 
R. Palter & Co 
Before Sir Nicolas Browne- 
Wilkinson, Vice Chancellor. 
Lord Justice Stephen Brown and 
Lord Justice Bingham 
(Judgment given October 17] 

In the proper discharge of his 
duty, a careful solicitor faced 
with an unusual clause in a 
contract -should be put on 
inquiry as to the effect of the 
clause and was required to warn 
his client of the risks involved. 

The Court of Appeal so held 
allowing an appeal by the plain- 
tiffs, County Personnel Lid 
from a decision of Mr Robert 
Wright, QC, who, sitting as a 
deputy High Court judge on 
July 15. 1985, dismissed the 
plaintiff's claim for damages for 
breach of contraa and neg- 
ligence against their former 
solicitors, the defendants. Alan 
R. Pulver & Co, Watford. 

Mr J. R. Gaum for the 
plaintiffs; Mr Ivan Krolik for 
the defendants. 

said that two ladies who bad 
worked together in an employ- 
ment agency decided to go info 
business on their own account 
through the medium of a com- 
pany to be incorporated, and 
they required business premises. 

They answered a newspaper 
advertisement by a Mr Cook 
trading as Horae Counties Busi- 
nesses. for two rooms on the 
ground floor of 109 Queen 
Street, Maidenhead, at an an- 
nual rent of £3.500 inclusive. 

The two ladies expected that 
their business would cover that 
rent and informally agreed to 
take a lease of the rooms for a 
15-year term with five-yearly 
rent reviews. 

Initially Mr Cook did not 

appear to have any interest in 
the premises, but he set about 
negotiating the terms of a head 
lease of the whole building to 
himself with a view to subletting 
the two rooms to the ladies or 
their company when formed. 

On December 2!, 1978 the 
two ladies instructed Mr Rose, a 

defendants, to act in the matter. 
There was evidence which sug- 
gested that the tenant's pro- 
posed rent might have been tied 
to a precentage of the the mesne 
lessor’s rent under the head 

Mr Rose received a copy of 
the head lease of the whole 
building from Mr Cook's solic- 
itor, bin the rent payable under 
the head lease had been cutout. 

There was also a covenant 
against assigning or subletting 
without the head lessors' written 
notice, such licence not to be 
unreasonably withheld, and the 
lessee covenanted that on any 
subjecting the sublessee's right 
to security of tenure under the 
Landlord and Tenant Act 1954 
should be effectively excluded. 

In response to an inquiry by 
Mr Rose as to the rent payable 
under the head lease, Mr Cook's 
solicitors replied that “the word- 
ing has now been revised" and 
sent a revised draft underlease 
the rent review clause of which 
provided for a “yearly rent of 
£3.500 inclusive of general rales 
and water service charges for the 
first five years of the term 
created by the head lease . - . 
and thereafter paying for the 
periods set out in the head tease 
an amount equivalent to die 
initial rent increased by the 
same percentages as the 
landlord's rent has been in- 
creased under the terms of the 
bead lease". 

Thereafter the two ladies at- 
tended at the defendants' offices 
and Mr Rose went through the 
underlease and the head lease 
with them and dictated a letter 
u> Mr Cook’s solicitors in their 

The company was allowed 
into possession of the rooms in 
February 1979 and the defen- 
dants received a certified copy 
of the head lease showing the 
rent of the whole building under 
the bead tease as £7,750 a year 
exclusive of rates as compared 
with the £3,500 inclusive for the 
-ground floor rooms only in the 
unde r lease. 

Problems then arose because 
the head lessor had not given 
consent to (he sub-letting of the 
mound floor rooms so that Mr 
Cook's . interest and the 
underlease were liable to for- 

Eventually a new underlease 
was executed with security 
under the 1954 Act excluded 
and with the bead, lessor’s 

In 1984 the first rent reviews 
were negotiated. The rent under 
the bead tease was increased to 
£5,800 and under the terms of 
the rent review danse the yearly 
rent of the underlease rose to 
£9,022. At open market value 
the yearly rent on the underlease 
would have been £2,600. 

The defendants refused to pay 
that rent and eventually an 
assignee of Mr Cook accepted a 
surrender of the sublease. 

The matters which should 
have impinged on the mind ofa 
reasonably careful and com- 
petent solicitor practising in that 
field were that Mr Cook or his 
solicitors did not wish the 
defendants or the plaintiffs to 
know the rent being paid on the 

head lease and that Mr Cook 
was taking a bead lease of the, 
whole premises with a view to. 
subletting part. , 

Those might not have been 
sinister in (hansdves. How- 
ever, it was a most unusual rent 
review clause and should have, 
caused a reasonably careful and 
competent solicitor to think 
about it rather more carefully 
than would have been appro-, 
prime bad the danse been m a 
familiar standard form. 

. It would have been appro- 
priate to consider whether there 
wag anything in the terms of the 1 
clause which might prove dis- 
advantageous to the dienL 
On reflections involving no- 
dement of valuation, on which 
a solicitor was plainly unfitted 
to advise, a reasonably com- 
petent solicitor should have 
advised the defendants that on - 
existing information ft was 
impossible to say how the dause , 
would operate in practice, but 
that its operation might be. 
disadvantageous to the defen- 
dants; that unless both initial , 
rents were known and investi- 
gated and found to be at open 
market levels, the risk of dis-‘ 
advantage could not on the 1 
existing wording be eliminated, 
and that as matters stood the 
defendants' should not consider 
entering into a tease which 
contained foal clause. 

The plaintiffs did not give 
that advice or anything like it 

and were n egligent in felling to 
do so. The matter would be 
remitied to a Chancery Master 
for assessment of damages. 

Loud Justice 'Stephen Brown 
and the Vioe Chancellor agreed. 

Solicitors: Fairchild Grog & 
Wells; Reynolds Porter 

Amending pleading after repudiation of contract 

tel mi mi 

Tilcon Ltd t Land and Real 
Estate Investments Ltd 

Before Lord Justice Dillon and 
Lord Justice C'room -Johnson 
[Judgment October 22] 

A pleading could be amended 
to include a claim that a contract 
had been repudiated and the 
repudiation accepted even 
though the acceptance of the 
repudiation was subsequent to 
the date of the original pleading, 
since the facts giving rise to a 
were not fresh Tacts going to a 
fresh cause of action, but merely 
related to the remedy sought. 

The Court of Appeal dis- 
missed an appeal by foe plain- 
tiffs, Tilcon Ltd. against a 
decision of Judge Paul Baker. 
QC. silling as a judge of the 
Chancery Division, whereby he 
had dismissed their appeal 
against an order of Master 
Barra 1 1 who granted the defen- 
dants. Land and Real Estate 
Investments Ltd. leave to 
amend their defence and 

Mr Graham Platford for the 
plaintiffs: Mr John Harwood- 
Stevcnson for the defendants. 

said that the dispute arose out of 
a contract in relation to the 
supply of clay by the defendants 
to the plaintiffs, who carried on 
the business of making facing 


The contract, made in June 
1983. was to last 15 years. The 

f ilaintiffs were required to pay 
or a minimum of 50.000 tons a 
year unless their failure to pay 
was due to the defendants’ 

The defendants offered a 
delivery of clay which the 
plaintiffs said was not of suit- 
able quality and they rejected it. 
By writ issued on June 22. 1984 
the plaintiffs claimed a declara- 
tion that the clay should be ofa 
particular quality and they 
claimed by way of damages 

sums relating to the testing of 
foe clay proffered by the defen- 

The defendants served a de- 
fence and counterclaim in 
September 1984. They pleaded 
that the plaintiffs had' failed to 

pay the defendants any sum 
during the year ended June 30, 
1983 and they claimed 
£ 210 . 000 . 

In 1986 the defendants app- 
lied to amend the counterclaim 
to add a claim that the plaintiffs 
had caused the defendants fur- 
ther loss in that, repudiation 
having been accepted, the defen- 
dants suffered continuing loss, 
by virtue of not receiving fur-' 
ther minimum payments. 

They also sought to add a 
paragraph claiming that the 
plaintiffs had acted in 
rep ud ia lory breach of contract, 
which the defendants thereby 
accepted. The relief sought .was a 
declaration that the plaintiffs 
had repudiated the contract and 
that they had accepted that 

The plaintiffs objected on 
somewhat technical grounds to 
the amendment being allowed. 
In The Supreme Court Practice 
1985 at pp338-339 it was dearly- 
set out that an amendment took 
effect from the date of the 
original document, and that rule 
was foe reason why a plain tiff 
might not amend his writ by 
adding a cause of action which 
accrued to him since the issue of 
the wriu 

It was said for the plain tiffe 
that a party to a contract who 
wanted to treat the contract as at 
an end had to elect to do six It 
did not automatically happen, 
and the contract came to an end 
only when be so elected. 

The innocent party had to 
accept repudiation before he 
could sue for damages on the 
footing rif repudiation, and be 
could not include his acceptance 
of repudiation in existing 
proceedings merely claiming 
damages for breach because he 
would be putting in evidence 
fects subsequent to the date of 

The defendants drew a. 
distinction between amend- 
ments which, were really only 
options for a particular form of. 
remedy and amendments which 
introduced new causes of action. 

There were many circum- 
stances in which matters tap- 

S ned after the pleadings which 
I to be dealt with at trial even 
by amendment of pleadings, 
such as special damages in 
personal injury cases. The ques- 
tion was whether acceptance of 
repudiation stood in the same 

The court's attention had 
been drawn to Johnson v Agnew 

([1980] At 367). The leading 
speech was that of Lord Wilber- 
foree, and it was plain that he 
was concerned to apply tbe 
general rules of contract law. 

The case bad not been directly 
concerned with a point of 
pleading, but it seemed fun- 
damental that tiie House of 
Lords was recognizing that the' 
vendor’s election to treat the' 
contract as repudiated did not 
have to be made before the issue 
of the writ. He was entitled to ’ 
elect during the course of the 

That was inconsistent with 
the arguments put forward by 
way ofapplication. or extension, 

of Esheloy v Federated Euro- 
pean Bank Ltd ([1932] 1 KB- 

fects giving rise to tbe 
acceptance of repudiation arose ! 
before the service of the 
counterclaim and it was a 
matter going to the remedy. It 
was not a case of fresh fer-re 
necessary to complete a fresh 
cause of action. 

Lord Justice Croom -Johnson 

Sofia tore: Atasudr Thomson 
Sl Partners for Sugden & Soen- 
Bradford; Cd 


Questioning validity of divorce 

Williams v Attorney General 
and Others 

If the validity of a marriage at 
its inception was questioned 
then the petition seeking a 
declaration that the marriage 
was valid should be presented 
under section 45 of the Matri- 
monial Causes Act 1973. How- 
ever. if the question was 
whether a valid marriage still 
subsisted or bad been dissolved, 
then the petition seeking a 
declaration relating to the mar- 
riage should be presented under 
the inherent jurisdiction. 

Mr Justice Laiey so held in 
the Family Division on October 
23 when dismissing tbe Attor- 
ney General from the suit ofMrs 
Helen Williams, of Aylesbury, 
seeking a dclaration that her 
marriage to Mr John Windsor 

Williams still subsisted on tbe - 
ground that a decree of divorce 
obtained by him in in the Stale 
of Ohio in 1963 should not be 
recognized as she had not 
received notice of the proceed- 

HIS LORDSHIP said that the- 
application of the Attorney 

General was not « piece of legal 

The Attorney General 
pointed out that it would be an 

expensive time-consuming bur- 
den on his office if he had to be 
joined in every case where it was, 
not the initial validity of the 
marriage in dispute but whether 
a subsequent foreign decree 
should be recognized. 

lire natural language of sec- 
tion 45 of the 1973 Aetcontem- 
pluied a dispute, about the 

validity of a marriage at the time 
it was entered into. 

The ^ public interest with 
which the Attorney General was 
constitutionally concerned, 
such as legitimacy, were more 
likely to anse where the initial 
validity of a - oiarriag: was 
-questioned than in those cases 
where the validity of the mar- 
riage was not in dispute but 
whether it bad been sub- 
sequently dissolved. 

- . The Attorney General was 
entitled .lb be. struck out of the - 
suit unless under the dis-' 
qetiotrary inherent jurisdiction 
there were good reasons why he a party. There were no ■ 
. good reasons. 

The '.Attorney General’s 
application, would be allowed ' 
and the petition would proceed 
under the itfoerenf jurisdiction. 




The big match: Football v Mrs Thatcher 

Neil Maefarlane (left) was Minister 
for Sport for four turbulent years, a 
period of football hooliganism, 
diplomatic intrigue, Olympic boycott, 
and mounting dissension between the 
Government and the people who ran 
sport In the first of three extracts 
from his book*, he writes of the 
conflict between the Football 
Association and the Government 

n ftfay J985 there was the most Europe, isolated from the rest of us, and 
shameful, sickenin' — = * ■■ * 

■v* . * ~r injured when a wall UEFA for assurance that its own roles 
■’i ^ At>° n Uap! r inside the Heysei Stadium, and the provision of Council rtf Europe 
-■■i , yp - English hooligans recommendations on spectator violence 
" supporters before the would be vigorously implemented. 

Fmal baran UvCTPO ° 1 

.. . • c .“.™ mnrpm sahnivt npi w k nf ttHmfc him 

■‘wf, A .... . concern about reports of tickets being cm 

P ? me sale at the ground before the match, 

, **■ on t elevision, there threatening to disrupt the srgrraationof 

us of 5° w fear rival supporters. I tfrged him totake all 

tF** ** most dangerous and conta- steps to prevent thShappemng. The 
1 m0t10D !: A 5 UEFA seamry did not^rab^er to 

Pp0rt ^ trym reach reply, and to this day L have beard 
. , ^^ltahan fens started a panic among nothmg. 

uj^er f h^r ^ collapsed ft gives no satisfectioD to record that 

eirweighi t dozens of people were investigations provedme to be conecL 
X FiohtP^n . . Some 2,000 to 3,000 tickets were on sale 

kves had at five different windows round the 

■ when 0 fiw'mlKw^ spectatOTs injured stadium so no-one could control who i 

-f5L ■ ? ld . *““* •* purchased tickets. A Sicilian travel agent 

■ H same had 60 tickets which he sold outside the 

K^same afternoon a 15-year-old youth had ground * 100 times free value, a sprats 

r* * ihuVrS-S 11 B, ™ n S ha ® 1 % sequenUy re-sold- no less than 1,000 

tickets, and preparations for the segrega- 

; 32 br&S 

j^^Sneetta What » liaiough.nplli gg can 

..^Secretary, Benart^atoTM. ™ aBe . lhe h°ol-g™m,o f toE^s h 
.",, 3l ^pe«ed to tell John Smut^diainnan of SE2E! JSLi 
>: J Liverpool Football Club and the Sports 

Council that in Ingham’s opinion the JS2?S?5£fi22! 

FA and League leaders “had cut a poor “ JOTSS? 
figure before the Prime Minister. 

Ingham had formed the view that 
England’s football authorities were prob- than safety iuecaffibotts . 

ably less inclined to do anything afla- the In Ftebniary 1985”, Popptewell re- 

f j94 deaths than before, an opinion with ported, “UEFA was content to devote 
> which I agreed. So much so that a week t han an hour to the inspection of the 

later I wrote to the Prime Minister Heysei Stadium and did not comment 

'* warning her that it looked as rt mugh on its conditions.” 

, t< football's leaders and the dubs lacked I recall from November 1981 the dull 
‘ 1 the will to take dedsive action over the resignation that Bert MQlichip, the FA 
introduction of membership cards. chairman, displayed when England 
■■•■.-.-o “You may like to know”, 1 wrote. Qualified for the finals of the World Cup 
■: -v; “that one difference between Govern- the following yean “Spain is nervously 

r - : ^ ment and soccer is that the Football contemplating the arrival of ferocious 

League in particular do not share our gangs of moronic louts from this country 
"view that there is an issue of public who find the game of football such a 
~ ^ confidence in the game! They appear to convenient platform from which to 
’■ believe that aD will be well when the new launch and display their show of naked 
^ season opens and the c urr e nt media and uncontrolled aggression. 
v . attention has moved on to other issues.” “Nothmg can prevent this invasion. 

.,U.: During my four years as Minister for Tickets or no tickets, They'D be on the 
:v Sport the greatest problem I encountered .boattoBQbao. get drunk, wreck the boat 

- * was the behaviour and control of English and then get drank in Bilbao and wreck 

fens in this country and abroad. In that that. They might get shat but that is their 
-• time the FootbaU League, the Football problem. 

- • ■ Association and UEFA, the governing 

- body in Europe, did less than enough to 
‘ combat what the rest of the world refers 

„ to as the “English disease”. 

Football’s leaders, I recall telling a 
. colleague in the House of Commons, 

. were a toothless bunch who had shown a 

- collective lethargy. 

I have no great respect for UEFA or for 

Croker: ‘sharp exchange after which 
we never really got on very welf 

Bulldog Bobby: ‘epitomized < 
that was bad about English 

bad about English hooligans. It was 
frightful and I told them so. - 

C roxer ana i nad a sharp 
exchange because he thought I 
should not have been critical 
and from that moment we 
never really got on very well 
There we were, a great country, trying to 
reestablish a good reputation, trying to 
restore the game in this country to its 

MQlichip: showed a ‘dull resignation* 
towards the hooligan problem 

-- c>. 

1 formed a liaison committee to 
coordinate efforts to reduce the menace 
of hooliganism in Spain, so I was angry 
when MQlichip and the FA secretary, 
Ted Croker, revealed England's mascot 
for the finals. Croker had stressed that 
the marketing campaign in the build-up 
to the Spanish finals would be conducted 
with dignity, yet the FA produced 

its general secretary, Hans Bangerter. It Bulldog Bobby, the figure of a stupid, fat, 
- seemed to me when I was in office that smug beer-bellied animal which seemed 
UEFA was tucked away in a comer of to me to epitomize everything tint was 

to restore national pride and yet the 1 
we could come up with was a retarded 
bulldog wearing an England shirt and 
standing with one foot on a bail stamped 
with the words ‘Football Association 
Approved*. There was even an unfortu- 
nate connection with the National Front 
because of Bulldog , the name of one of 
that organization's newspapers. 

Then there was the FA's somersault in 
its treatment of Luton and Mill wall 
following serious crowd disorder in an 
FA Cup-tie at Luton in March 1985. 
Mill wall were fined £7.500 and Luton 
ordered to fence in the fens. Both dubs 
had a long record of indiscipline. 

A few days after the matdi, Mzllichip 
was quoted as saying: “We realise the 
sense of outrage this problem is causing 
throughout the nation. The scenes at 
Luton were the most disgraceful I have 
seen — and I've seen a lot”. 

He added: “Football has reached the 
where it is dearly unable to cope 
the problem. We seem to be living 
in an anti-police state: We are not too far 
away from a complete breakdown in law 
and order.” 

Hour months later, an FA Appeals 
Board, chaired by the same Mr 
MQlichip, quashed the guilty judgment 
on Millwall and reduced the penalties 
imposed on Luton. 

This quite inexplicable action was 
enough to make me write to the Prime 
Minister: “I have no doubt you wiD have 
shared my utter frustration over the 

decision taken by the FA Appeals 
Committee _ I should tell you that I 
have made my feelings very plain in a 
telephone conversation with Bert 
MQlichip this morning.” 

I also announced: “These decisions 
wQl astound everybody who is con- 
cerned to see the good name of football 
restored. The Government must look at 
the football authorities and the dubs to 
accept their responsibilities. I am more 
than disappointed at this example.” 

As it happened, the Prime Minist er 
had seen this latest example of football 
insurrection on television. She was most 
anxious about public order generally 
because the miners’ strike was suU on, so 
she summoned minis ters and leaders of 
the Football Association and the Foot- 
ball League to a meeting at No. 10. 

It was the first occasion she had been 
actively involved and, though she had no 
dear perception of the way in which 
football is organized in this country and 
of the governing bodies, she soon 
gasped it 

< he meeting did not get off to a 
’good start because Ted Croker 
said somewhat waspishly that 
football did not warn our 
hooligans at their sport 

I was sitting next to Robin Butler, the 
Prime Minister's principal private sec- 
retary, with Tim Renton from die 
Foreign and Commonwealth Office and 
Patrick Jenkiii, Minister for the Environ- 
ment, on my left. I almost felt like diving 
for cover under the Cabinet table 
because the k-e-r-rump of the first shell 
was remaricably dose but to Mis 
Thatcher's credit, her reply was: “Steady 
the Buffi”. 

It left Crokef’s colleagues in no doubt 
that it was not the best of starts and 
MQlichip was most uneasy, fidgeting in 
his chair during the exchange. It was 
almost sad because he had pleaded for 
years, without success, for meetings with 

graspea n 


the Home Secretary of the day. Sud- 
denly, football's leaders were round the 
table with the Prime Minister and her 
ministers and my feeling was that 
MQlichip and Co. did not know what 
they were trying to achieve or what they 
really wanted to get out of the meeting. 

She knew Jack Dunnett, the League 
president, from the Labour backbenches 
in the House and I think she had a 
healthy respect for him as a diligent 
member of Parliament. After several 
meetings, however, ft was apparent that 
neither Dunnett nor the dubs were hell- 
bent on change or, indeed, on feeing up 
to the problems that exist 1 remember 
comparing them to a boxer who didn't 
know how to fight his way out of a 

Bernard Ingham's feelings about the 
leaders of English footbaU — expressed 
after their meeting with Mrs Thatcher in 
the wake of the Brussels disaster — 
coincided with mine, and when the 
chairmen of the League dubs endorsed a 
memorandum at a meeting in July 1 985, 
it contained nothing to make me change 
my mind. 

They accused the Government of 
doing a U-turn over alcohol provided 
inside grounds and hooliganism, they 
regarded a membership card system as 
impracticable and wrong and they 
demanded Government money to help 
make grounds safe. It was a negative 
document and more or less what 1 had 

But the League received short shrift 
from the Prime Minister when its leaders 
went back to No. 10 to ask for 
money. “There isn't enough money in 
football?” she asked with incredulity. 
“Nonsense! What about the enormous 
transfer fees we read about, like the 
£800,000 Everton were reported to have 
paid Leicester City for Gary Lineker?” 

By then, she had ceased being taken 
aback by the shoddy housekeeping of 

many League dubs. But even she was 
amazed when I informed her that, after 
persuasive arguments by Dunnett. the 
Football Grounds Improvement Trust 
had distributed an unspent reserve of 
£3.3 million to dubs not on new work 
but on existing grants. The FG1T had 
increased the amount it already had 
given in grant aid to dubs from 75 per 
cent to 100 per cent It meant that dubs 
like, say, Manchester United had picked 
up as much as an extra £90,000 for 
ground improvements already carried 


Mr Justice Popplewdl did a remark- 
able job to produce an interim report on 
Bradford and Brussels by July 1985 and 
his final report in the following January. 
I was delighted to read his recommenda- 
tion that consideration should be given 
to some form of membership scheme for 
League clubs in England and Wales. 

Popplewdl also recommended closed- 
circuit television at all Fust and Second 
Division clubs and at those in the Third 
and Fourth Divisions where there is a 
history of violence; be suggested making 
racial chants and obscene or racial abuse 
at soccer matches a criminal offence. 

The saddest comment of all one 
which went largely unnoticed yet was a 
staggering indictment of English footbaU, 
followed a personal letter Popplewell 
wrote to aD 92 dubs in the Football 
League inviting those interested in the 
very difficult problems of footbaU to let 
him have their views. He wanted the 
considered views of those most dosely 
affected by the problems and those with 
most experience in the game. 

“I have rather sadly to record,” he 
wrote “that over 50 out of the 92 League 
dubs did not even take the trouble to 
acknowledge receipt of my letter.” 

*Sport and Politics A world divided by 
Neil Maefarlane (to be pnblisbed on 
November 3 by Collins Willow, price 


The driving 
i force of a 
golfing wife 

: ■ New York (Agencies) - Ray 

- KLnighr. who was unwanted by 
the New York Mets. in the 

- V. spring, was named most valu- 

able player as his team look the 
World Series on Monday night. 
Knight, who batted -391 with 
nine hits in 23 at-bais. hit the 
seventh-inning home run that 
gave the Mets an 8-5 victory 
." over Boston Red Sox in the 
v • deciding seventh game: 

Knight's throwing error in an 
. :: ' earlier game bad given Boston a 
• lead that could have ended the 

- Mets’ season but he came back 
to scon? the winning ran in the 

- ■ ‘ bottom of the tenth inning of 
• ••• Saturday night's 6-5 victory and 

then stole the limelight in game 

“1 was so down the other 

• * night because of the error,” 

- Kiiight said. “Just goes to show 

». • you, if you keep fighting, any- 
thing can happen. 1 don’t hit too 

• many home runs.” 

Knighi is the husband of the 

leading American golfer, Nancy 

• Lopez. In spring training, ihe 
■ ‘ Mets tried to trade die veteran 

third baseman following his 
' injurv-plagued season during 
; which he baued only -218. He 
■ staved with the dub only be- 
• cause the general manager, 
Frank Cashen, could find no 
.. . ’ takers fora 33-year-old infiekler 
whose best days seemed ro be 
behind him. 

-■ “I'm a positive thinker," 
Knight said. “But the last two 
vt-ars. I did nothing to think I 
.y could be an integral part of this 

\ . club. My wife kepi saying: ‘You 
can win the third- base job.’ I 
said: 'No way.' It shows you that 
hard work and diligence paid 

Knighi had the Mels’ only hit 
m the first five innings against 

Knight to remember: the New York Mets’ 

Boston 'a left-hander, Bruce three 
Hurst. “He's an outstanding 
pitcher,” Knight said of Hurst, 
who clinched the first and fifth 
games of the Series. By the 
seventh inning, Hurst was gone, 
and hard-throwing Calvin Sch- 
hakii took over ibr Boston. “On 
the first pitch, he ran the ball in 
on me," Knight said. *T decided 
I was going to be real aggressive. 

He throws a lot of fast balls, and 
1 was looking for a zone. When I 
hit it. 1 wasn’t sure ft was high 

The Meu. sputtering along for 
more than half the game, woke 
up with a vengeance in the final 

hero celebrates after hitting the ! 

innings , scoring eight 
runs. It was the first world 
championship in 17 years for 
the Mets and once again the Red 
Sox were beaten in the decider. 
They have gone 68 years with- 
out a world title. Since 1918, 
when the Sox won their last 
World Series, they have ap- 
peared in font, losing three of 
them, in 1946, 1967 and 1975, 
in the seventh game. 

The Meu had been just one 
strike away from elimination on 
Saturday night but came from 
behind with three runs in the 
bottom of the tenth inning to 
force a seventh game. 

During the game, and in the 
ensuing celebrations, there were 
15 arrests at Shea Stadium, for 
offences ranging from assault to 
car theft. The Red Sox travelling 
secretary. Jack Rogers, was hit 
on the bead wiih a partially 
filled soda can that was thrown 
from the stands, and suffered a 

But the trouble was not on & 
large scale as it had been rwo 
years ago in Detroit after the 
Tigers won the Series or the 
rampage that followed the Mets 1 
division clincher this season, 
when fens tore up the playing 


face a 

By Keith Madeira 

The most disturbing factor 
about the Australians' unbeaten 
run is the apparently effortless 
manner in which all opposition 
is being swept aside. 

After demolishing Britain on 
Saturday the tourists travel to 
play Halifax, the champions, 
tonight and on the evidence of 
their previous games they will 
rattle-up between 20 and 30 
points against a side who have 
yet to reach tbe consistent form 
of last season, and who have 
many injury problems. 

The Kangaroos are averaging 
around 40 points per match on 
tbe tour so far and their so- 
called second string side have 
been playing as dectrifyingly as 
the imematioDal team. 

The top squad is being kept 
bade for tbe game against St 
Helens on Sunday, 

Tbe Australians have utility 
men, both part of the inter- 
national squad, cm the wings 
because of injuries. Kenny, 
centre threequarter, will (day on 
one wing and deal the burly 
second row forward, on the 
other. The cha nges are unlikely 
to disturb the team's rhythm. 

In many respects the match 
will be a return home for two 
Australian players, Martin Bella 
and Dave Langmack, who 
played outstanding parts in the 
Halifax revival two seasons ago. 
HAUFAX (prooaAto): G Eadhe S Wteon. C 
wnmtetd. C Andonon, W George or S 
Smith; N Hague, G Stephens: R Hfctank, 
C Preece, Be JiCff, K Knotar, P Dixon, G 

AUSTRALIANS (probatakd: G Batcher B 
Kenny, M Maninga. C Martkngr. N CMT 
Lamb. Q Alexander; M Beta, B EBw, P 
Dunn. P Slronen, L DavHson, 0 

Youngsters ready to tackle Danish supremacy 

Although 1986 was the year of 
rbe great Dane, It was not 
without compensatory signposts 
Tor Britain. The season began 
lisastrously , with inevitable 
jefeat ia the international series 
■gainst Denmark, Imt in the end 
here was soothing balm for tbe 
rounds in three areas# 

Fire British riders reacted the 
bzl of the world individual 
hampkxssbips in Poland' and 
irlrin Tatum pat up a splendid 
erfoneance. The int e rna tio nal 
fries against the United States ' 
as won cmrindngly. -even 
tough it has to he conceded that 
i*> Americans were weakened 


Ksltti Msekfin 

nm In the worid tide etfmiaating 
championships, Andrew Silver 

and Gary Havelock 
and Martin Dugard gave notice 
that next season they w3I make 

a real bid for feme. 

However, the season belonged 
to Hans Nielsen of Denmark, 
and lo Oxford, with an booonr- 
able mention for Eastbomne, the 
National League champions. 

Nielsen captained Oxford to 
an aO-time British League 
record ms they went through the 
whole season undefeated irah 28 
^ straight wins, a feat w»- 

PanT Thorp had an amazing paralleled m the history of the 

by injuries and work permit 
restrictions. To. give _ farther 
hope of an overdue revival the 
National League produced a 
host of good, young riders who 
are champing, at the bit, and 
ready to tflt against the Danes, 
the Americans and tbefr snp- 
. betters In the British 

Don-standardiz ed Pack world of 

The sweetest momeat of all ia 
a season in which Nielsen 
cfeaned-op the trophies was in 
Katowice when, at long last, he 
laid the bogey of Enk Gon- 
dersen Go win the world tide. 

It woaM be nice to end a look 
hack at 1986 on a purely op- 
timistic note. However, atten- 
dances at some ' tracks have 
dropped to an alarming level 
and it cannot be good for the 
sport to see giants uke JBeile Vne 
straggling on the track and 
wracked , with administrative 


Stride goes to 

The Aston VQla secretary, 
Steve Stride, announced yes- 
terday that be will be tearing the 
dub on November 21to become 
ihe new secretary of Sheffield 

He said “After fourteen and a 
half very happy and successful 
years with the club it was the 
most difficult decision 1 have 
had to make. But the challenge 
at Sheffield Wednesday over- 
came my reluctance to leave 
Villa Park. 

The first result I will look for 
on Saturday afternoon’s will be 
that of Aston Villa.” 


How Inman’s women caught 
the others on the hop 

By Nicolas Soames 

At the dose nf the women’s 
world championship in Maas- 
tricht on Smdsy, Boy Inman, 
fee British team manager, was 
besieged by the world’s coaches. 
How did Britain produce from 
just eight weight categories 
three gold medals, one bronze 
and two fifth places? Had there 
been a massive financial input? 

Inman laughed. His budget is 
a fraction of the a m oun t dm 
French receive, hugely because 
jndo in Britain is what is potitely 
known as a minority sport. But 
wife an imaginative use of the 
money and ariBiet available, 
he says he “makes do.” 

Although Karen Briggs, now 
vrife three world ba nt a m weight 
tides, has no difficulty in 
onafifyiig? for an elite grant from 
fee Sports Aid Foundation, die 
cmsBBStances of Am Hughes, 
the lightweight and Diane Bell 
the Kght-middirweight, the new 
world champions. 


y'zZL -iri 

r. . -»! : i. . ■< 

Straitened. They returned borne 
on Monday to £25 a week from 
the Foundation, and £20 a week 
dole money. 

“I * difficulty explaining 
the way things work in Britain," 
lamaa ad muted . He revealed, 
however, that dm of his first acts 
wffl be to apply for elite grants 

for his new dnmpissn. So if 
mosey, or rather fee lack of it, 
dad not contribute to the British 
success, what did? A hup part 
be to ng s to iw«nan. iwwMin, aged 
40, is a former British swter- 
national who, haviim had the 
traditional training, mdadiag a 
spell at one of fee toughest 
universities in Japan, became 
the first coach to realize that 

wo men’s jndo requires a totally 
different approach. 

“When I first took over tbe 
women's squad nearly 10 years 
ago, 1 presumed that women 
would be able to do the things 1 


„ pi** - - v 

Inman: shows way forward 
could do. It took me 18 months 

to realize bow wrong I was. 
Many of the classic throws rely 
on explosive power that was 
simply not possible for most 
women. If a man tries to throw 
an opponent and his timing is 
slightly oat, be can often power 
it through.” Inman explained. 

“Bat women cannot do this 
without special weight 
and even then it is difficult.” : 
he looked at techniques to use 
mobility and flejobilfty to 
greater advantage and devrioped 
a totally new concept for women. 
In short, jndo would only work 
for women if they learned to 
catch their opponents “on the 

was no better example 
than wires BeO. despite dislocat- 
ing her thumb, beat Gaby 
RhscheL of West Germany, wife 
a rear leg throw that involved 
virtually no strength. Yet 
Ritsche! hit the mat with such 
force that she dislocated her own 
shoulder. This approach de- 
mands Intense concentration 
and extreme fitness. Inman 
training is a physical ordeal but 
it pays dividends: Bell staying 
so fresh she conld still throw her 
French opponent for the derisive 

score in the last second of the 

Inma n has produced at least 
<me gold medal winner at each 
world championship since the 
event began in 1980, yet he 
insists that Britain bolds no 
copyright on natural (aim, only 
that “Women are prepared to 
work much harder than the men 
if they believe in what you tdl 
them to do." 

He knows it is unlikely that he 
will ever match the 1986 tally of 
three golds and a bronze. This is 
partly because women's jndo is 
developing rapidly with its ineln- 
shm in fee Olympics in 1988 as 
a demonstration sport and on 
the main programme in 1992. 
This means that the Soviet 
Union, China, South Korea and 
East Germany wiD probably 
break the dominance of the 
Western Europeans. But he is 
already loo long ahead to the 
next stage of technical develop- 
ment indicated by Miss Briggs. 

The increased use of weight 
training in the preparation work 
is already beginning to open the 
technical boundaries, bringing 
women’s jndo closer to men's. 
That is one reason why the 
Japanese admire her 

Bnt it takes years for this 
advanced work to filter through 
to dub level and only now are 
some of Inman's basic training 
ideas being incorporated into the 
work of recreational players. He 
argues strongly that contrary to 
traditional beliefs, it is of little 
use to most women to practice 
with men orach heavier and 
stronger than themselves 

Above all they need to de- 
velop mobility and flexibility, 
and look afresh at dm estab- 
lished techniques. This, be says, 
is the future iff women’s jndo at 
dob level The proof was in 


Britons relegated to second place 

Delhi (Reuter) — Herwig 
Nelissen of Belgium was de- 
clared winner of tbe seventh 
Himalayan Rally yesterday after 
a row over time penalties 
pushed GeoffWarkup of Britain 
Into second place. 

Warkup crossed fee finishing 
line in the capital first on 
Monday, but Nelissen and his 
compatriot Firm in Tbierie com- 
plained feat route marshalls had 
wrongly given them 10 lime 

penalties on the first leg of the 

Stewards upheld tbe appeal 
and on Monday night declared 
fee provisional result an un- 
precedented lie between the 
Belgian and. Briton. However, 
stewards said yesterday morn- 
ing feat Nelissen had won fee 
2.840-km (1,775-mile) rally 
according to the “festest and 
cleanest” rule. 

They quoted fee FISA rule 
book as saying: “In case of a ue 

fee crew that completed the 
greatest portion of fee route 
from the start wife the least 
penalties for lateness will be the 

Ian North. Warkup's British 
colleague, said they were happy 
simply to have finished in the 
top five in their Lada. "We 
never thought we stood a chance 
against top-class vehicles like 
fee Ford RS 200 and Opel 
Ascona,” he said. 

I w $ t J i a »j Cl 


Smart Captain Dawn 
ready to continue 
Gifford’s winning run 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

Captain Dawn is napped to 
continue his own and trainer 
Josh Gifford's excellent start 
to the season by winning the 
valuable Crockfords Trophy 
Handicap Chase at Ascot to- 

After winning his first three 
races of the season at Fontwefl 
the Findon based I O-year-old 
then travelled further afield to 
Cheltenham where he proved 
that the bigger, stiffer fences 
were no problem at all for 

While beating Rivera Edge, 
RentaghosL Charcoal Wally 
and Peter Anthony in decisive 
style he also managed to lop 
live seconds off the previous 
course record. Needless to say, 
that race was run on firm, fast 

In the circumstances no one 
need worry about the similar 
state of the course at Ascot this 
afternoon as far as Captain 
Dawn is concerned. 

Last season Captain Dawn 
also put up one of his best 
performances at Cheltenham 
where he was runner-up to the 
smart Peariyman in the Grand 
Annual Challenge Cup on the 
first day of the National Hunt 
Festival The following after- 
noon Roadster ran equally 

we(( when finishing second to 
The Tsarevich in the Mildmay 
of Flete Challenge Cup. 

While conceding that Road- 
ster is. or at least was basically 
the better horse on his day. 
Captain Dawn does seem to 
have improved and it is still 
pertinent to point out that 
Roadster also seems to need a 
race or two to bring him to his 
peak. So on what is his 
seasonal debut now the 
advantage should lie with 
Captain Dawn, who is as hard 
as nails already. 

Likewise, I believe that it 
will be expecting too much of 
Far Bridge to win. While he is 
also unquestionably smart at 
his peak be did miss the whole 
of last season. So the likeli- 
hood is be will be a bit rusty. 

Admiral's Cup, the winner 
of this race 12 months ago, 
takes pot luck again. But 
following that rather lack- 
lustre performance in the race 
won by Voice Of Progress at 
Newbury last Friday I do not 
fancy him now. 

His owner, trainer and 
jockey can enjoy better luck 
with his younger half-brother 
Montgomery who dearly has 
Teletrader to beat in the EBF 
Novices’ Hurdle (qualifier). 

Those with one eye cocked 
on next month's Hennessy 
Cognac Gold Cup at Newbury 
will be interested to see bow 
Door Latch, who won the 
SGB Steeplechase over 
today's course and distance 
last winter, performs in the 
Bagshoi Handicap which will 
be his first race of the current 

My feeling is that be will 
excel ifhe manages to beat any 
of his three race-rivals. 
Acarine. Castle Warden and 
Duke Of Milan. 

At the weights 1 just prefer 
Acarine, who showed himself 
to be in fine fettle on a trip to 
Scandinavia early this month 
when he ran away with the 
Norwegian Grand National at 

Following that meritorious 
win over fences at Uttoxeter 
last week, Gordon Richards is 
now running Little Bay over 
the smaller obstacles in the 
Ekbalco Hurdle at Newcastle. 

These are precisely the sort 
of tactics that should appeal to 
this enigmatic character and I 
will not be remotely surprise if 
he relishes the challenge for 
once. At the weights be has the 
ability to beat the others. 

Patriotic shows plenty of courage 

Patriotic, puffing her nay to 
the front more than two furlongs 
from borne in the Full Choke 
Handicap at Nottingham yes- 
terday, battled on gamely for 
Alan Mackay when challenged 
either side dose heme by Carou- 
sel Rocket BIU * Nimble Native, 
land ing tbe prize in a finish of 
short beads. 

-We to tbe conclusion 
this was the oaly possible objec- 
tive for Patriotic after she had 

iran a seller at Gttferick In 
August. She is a alow, but honest 
fOly and two miles and a quarter 
at Nottingham seemed ideal,* 1 
said her trainer, Mark Prescott. 

Patriotic was the Newmarket 
trainer’s 39th success this sea- 
son from a string of SO, hnt, like 
bis stable jockey George 
DaffieM, be does not think be 
will beat his best total of winners 
in a season. ^Although I shall 

have three or four move runners. 
1 don't think I'D get it,” said 
Prescott, who needs just one 
mope success. 

Henry Cedi produced another 
exciting prospect when Legal 
EM, a son of SpedacriaTiSd 
and a half-brother to Law 
Society, tamed the Whattnn 
Manor Stud Stakes into a 
procession, umwing home by 
seven lengths from Tiquegrean. 

star filly 
bound for 

The dual classic winner Mid- 
way Lady will be coming up for 
sale at the Keeneland Breeders 
Sales on November 10, con- 
firmed her Newmarket trainer, 
Ben Han bury, after his Abu 
MusJab scored by half a length 
from Azyaa in the Eaglescune 
Maiden Stakes at Redcar 

Tbe winner kept to his low 
draw position on the far rails 
and made all the running in the 
hands of the in-form jockey 
Geofi - Baxter, who landed a 
Udble at Edinburgh on Monday. 

Han bury said: “I thought Abu 
Muslab would win at Newbury 
fast time out, but he was beaten 
by Game Thatcher. That was a 
good race, though- This is only 
my third two-year-old winner 
this season. The colts are still a 
bit backward”. 

Azyaa, the 1 1-4 favourite, 
finished very fast in the hands of 
Tony Murray, who last week, 
announced he would be retiring 
as a jockey at the end of tbe 
season because of weight prob- 
lems. Soon he expects to an- 
nounce plans concerning his 
firture role in racing. 

The successful apprentice 
Gary Bard well now needs just 
one more winner to lose his 71b- 
daim. Attached to Mick Ryan’s 
Newmarket yard, BardweD was 
seen at his best when bringing 
tbe 7-1 chance Polynor borne by 
thxeequarters of a length in the 
Brass Castle Selling Handicap. 

Mick Gough re pre se nti n g 
Ryan, said: “ Polynor won a 
couple of races when trained in 
Belgium and is the stable’s 30th 
success of tbe season. 1 expect he 
tvill now go hurdling. He has 
been well schooled at borne.” 

Polynor, tucked in behind the 
leaders early on, came through 
to lead inside the final furlong. 
There was no bid for him at the 
subsequent auction. 

Aircraftie, runner-up in her 
latest two races, raised her scad 
value with a half-length victory 
over Rare Legend in the firs 
division of the Links Maiden 

Z, -><*3 

totote, L 


. 1 JSft 


- » <• ■* 

jm* w 

umtm* ^ 

°**<-+* ***VY... 

.'• A . • 

Champion workout Dancing Brave, partnered by ids lad, Brian Graham, cools down after 
can terms five fariongs at the Santa Anita racecourse ha readiness for Saturday’s Breeders’ 
Cop Tnrf race. Khaled Abdulla's star will be reopposed by Darura who finished sixth behind 
Dancing Brave in the Prixde F Arc de Triomphe 


Guide to oar in-line racecard 

0-0432 TMESFORM (CDJBF) (Mrs J RytejflB Hal 9-10-0 

B West (4) 


By Mandarin 

1.30 Spring Flight 
2.0S Foyle Fisherman. 

2.35 CAPTAIN DAWN (nap). 

3.10 Montgomery. 
3.40 Acarine. 

4. IS Slip Up. 

Michael Seely’s selection: 3.40 Acarine 

Going: good to firm 

1 BINFSLD JUVENILE NOVICE HURDLE (3-Y-O: £2.299: 2m) (10 runners) 

103 31222 BRENT RNERSDE(S Mason) G Bating 11-3 — R Quest 

104 1 MR SAVVAS (D) (Z Papaatyfanou) M McCormack 11-3 P Baton 

106 4 BOLD M COMBAT (M MacCarUty) T Casey 11-0 Rtkamody 

108 0 CLOUOCHASBI(TJohraey)P Arthur 11-0 — 

109 CRAMMING (Mr* CPteWnsJW tamp 11-0 SSMtatoo -10-1 

111 HANXLEY DOWN (M4woodPuMcily}R Hamon 11-0 StewtalgM — 14-1 

IIS RHODE ISLAM! RED (J Bruton) A Moan 11-0 O Moon — 14-1 

118 SPRWGFUOHT(Wrs JWDOdJAJwvfc 11-0 PSatou* — 5-2 

119 4 THOTOOTULLAH (T Thom) J Bridge? 11-0 MKtm» 

121 3232 SWEET SNUGHTpF) (A Greenwood) R Woodhousa 100 QMcCoot — 6-1 

1965: NORSTDWN 11-0 N Cotoman (7-1) R Holder 5 ran 

Racecard number. Draw In brackets. Six-figure tSslanca wkwa. BF-beWan favouri te n latest 
farm fF-tol P-gUtoa in. U-unseated rider. B- race)- Owner r brackets. Trainer. Age and 
SSughT dwm. TKtanJV fCXS). Harm's "**1- f *ter plus, any Mta yanoa. The Times 
namofB-bSnkers. Wear. fHwod. teyaariteBLC- Private HamkcappeTs raang. Approximate efartfag 
couree winner Distance winner. CP-cou reo and l»». 

3.10 EBF NOVICES HURDLE (QaaBhf) (£2/461: 2m) (12 nmnera) HsIfliBl 

402 FWST INSIGHT (Insight Canons) A TumeB 6-11-0 StemHtfN — 6-1 

404 GRANMES ROCKET (Mrs M RugatctyJ GHtad 6-11-0 EMapfcy — - 5-1 

406 LOCXNER LAD (D Heate) R Parker 6-114) EMte|Aif 

406 222 MONTGOMERY (HE A Boo) F Winter 5-1 1-0 PScufeeon — 7-2 

409 IHJ OLD FORD TAVERN (O Domefly) J Jenkins 5-1 1-0 J White 

411 303 RUBTVRUPStrtKNoqueQHOTfaMS-ll-O B D— oody 66 12-1 

414 002220- TCLETRADB) (J Hoars) R Hodges 5-1 1-0 BPowM 6NRH 

417 80- THE SUNCBI ROAD {J Raymond-WUs) P Hama 5-11-0 R Strange 00 16-1 

418 WALKSFAA(R Woodhousa) R Woodhoun 5-11-0. — __ G McCoort — — 

423 0 TIE BAJGEWELL BOV (N Lake) R Frost 4-10-13 JFiM 

425 OP-4 LE BLEU (JlriomsOGThomar 6-104 — • C Brow 7016-1 

426 0 RYMERSTAR (kfts F Manning) B PNfeig 5-100 C Brans (4) 

Eurolink Boy lasts home 
to give Mitchell double 


19I& SDC SHOT 5-11-5 B PowM (7-2) L Kenmrd 6 ran 
fTGOBERY (11-2) had LOCXNBI IAD(1 0-13) back fa 8th wtian 2KI 2nd to ComandMte 
1 0) In a Sandovm NJLflM race (&n. £32/0, soft, Apr 26. 21 ran).OU! FORD TAVBBi (108) 
when beating Jay Jay’s Princess (10-1Q) 12 in a NXBat race at Martat Rtsen {2m. £1072, 
18. 10 ran) but subsequent efforts over hwdtas <fld not lira 14) to Hat prom aa . RUSTY 


tenglh at Ptempion damte veertig badhf teft 2 out and agate hanging on the net fa wm, OciJ 5. 

ranrBQLDB<roMBAT(10-10)lseBi-lri3riandfttehBdamodestltx*inQl31tl4tfito Rop»ISh apherd(10- 
0} at Ronconmon (2m. £968. soil to heavy. At* 18. 16 ran). CLOUD C&SSI and TNOfewijUW were 

both 33/1 end taied off on their hurdfcig debuts at tampion and Teuton raspectfvejy. SWEET SWGFTT 
(10-OQis game enough but tacks a tern of tooL beaten a length by Qjmbnen K^opl-d) at CarSsle test tene 

. £685. Ann. Sept 28. 6 ran). 

CHASE (£2^29: 2m) (5 runners) 

202 0/21 P23- BUCKFAST ABBEY (Mrs P Harris) P Hants 6-11-4 R8te 

203 113011- FOYLE FISHERMAN (Mrs K Hutchinson) J Jenkins 7-11-4 JY 

204 2FUPPO- OLYMPIC PREE(HJoeOJGWort 7-11 -4 Peter H 

206 F4210- TARCOICV (R WHufa) P CinM 8-11-4 PScudW 

207 000204 BASBANOCO (A Sandaman) O Ougfann 5-1 1-3 HOi 

1965: (2m 4f) AHAPAHO PRINCE 6-11-5 P Barton J Edwards waOced ojrar 

Selection- TELETHAPEH 

3A0 BAG6HOT HANDICAP CHASE (£36,462: 3m) (4 ninnare) 

501 F333F0- DOOR LATCH (CD) Of JoaQJ Gifford 8-11-10 PI 

502 2P0B4-1 ACARINE (D) (Mrs P Karris) p Harris 10-11-1 

503 1022D-2 CASTLE WARDEN (CD) (M Shone) J Edwards 9-10-12 

505 0221102 OUXE OF HBJM (COyBF) (R Morris-Adam^ N Gaseiee 9-10-7 PI 

1985: EVERETT 10-12-0 S Shteton (8-15 fav) F VMwyn 3 tm 

96 6-1 
W 94 

97 04 
• 98F64 

Yesterday’s results 

— 5-2 

— r&A 

— 7-1 

• 99 94 

FORM BUCKFAST ABBEY (11 -7) on final sterto# fast season «w» a one paced 111 3rd lotXxnkiate (11- 
rwnm 7) over hurdles » tampan (2m Nov. £927. fam. May 8. 19 ran). FOYLE RGHBWAN scored 
four fame over me smrter obstabfas las season, me test Jll-a«men betetog Chmfm (KMn SKI at FoRe- 
stone (2m a ifcap H. £1518. soft. Spr 29. 12 ran). OLYMPIC PBBE became disappointing in the fatter half of 
last season and Is bestjudoed rvt-0) on a length 2nd to tndametody (11-0) at Leioastor (&n 4f Nov Ch, E1074, 
Dec 16. 15 ran). TAmjQNEY was successful or penuttnaateoutl ' 


G n te y good 

Man. 13-2 HaS 
PartM’9 Star. 
Apex. 12 Gem 
n e mal nder. Be 
Lament *L*I 
Newmarket. Ti 
£2.10. DP: £41 
E732J34. noted. 

■ i#i ini 7) over hunfes at tampion (2m Nov. £927, fam. May 6. 19 ran). FOYLE FtSfStUAH scored 
tour thnn over me smrier obstabfas las season, me last (ll-Q«men batetog Chmfm (1(Kn 2KI at FoRe- 
stone (2m 6>H'capH. £1518, soft. Sir 29. 12 rani OLYMPIC PHtzE became disappointing in the fatter half of 
las season and Is bestjudoed rvt-0) on a lengte 2nd to tndametody (11-0) at Leicester (&n 4f Nov Ch, E1074, 
■MfaDacie. 15 ran). TAfnXmEY was successful on penUttnante outing of tee las campaign when (10-12) 

■g Met Olflcar (10-12) 9 at HteWitodon (2m 4! Nov H. £1434. good. Mar 26. 17 ran). SfWAHOCO (11 -3) 
not ifcsgraced on reappearance when 5»l40i to Butlers Pet (11-6) at tampion (2m Nov Ch, £2314, good. Oct 

18. 6 ran); abo ran w4h cretet on final outing ot test season when (10^ 18 >1 8te to Paartyman (11-13) rt 

not tesgraced on reappearance when 5KI 4te to Butters Pet 
18. 6 ran); also ran w4h credit or final outing of fast seesa 
Liverpool Nov Ch. £5348, good to soft, Apr 4, 10 ran). 


304 04-1111 CAPTAIN DAWN (£6 (P Hopkins) J GOtord 10-11-7 

305 113221- ROADSTSi(D)(C Nash) C Nash 10-114 R 

306 RHF24 CLAY MIL (U){P Durban) WDwfcan (Ire) 7-10- 11 

307 433034) ST WHJJAM (D) (W Morscontea) R Hodges 9-10-8 

308 002044 ADWRAL’S CUP (Cto (BE A BOB) F Winter B-1G-7 PI 

309 PO-0003 PETB1 ANTHONY (B.D) (B Hickman) R Hickman 8-16-7 

310 124020/ FAR DODGE (D) (Duka Ol AteofJ G Balding 10-10-7 SS* 

1985; AOMRAL'S CUP 7-16-7 8 (fa Haan (2-1) F Winter 4 twi 


• 99 3-1 

as 7-1 

90 10-1 
96 4-1 
M 14-1 
— 20-1 

4f) (10 runners) 

605 21231-0 ARIB«ALL(B) (Uts D Osborne) N Henderson 4-11-7 MBowtoyfS) 94 92 

607 031012- HASTY GA»LE (L ConnaO) F Wlntar B-1 1-6 VKaaeadf(7) 91 64 

611 3/01124) 8ARTRA {F HB) A Moore S-1 1-0 CandyMeore^ 90 6-1 

j 614 4/OtMXX) DUSKY BROWN (OUT King) Q Graoey 8-10-12 PQracvy (7) 91 — 

' 015 PP/11C0- PUNTERS LAD (Ms DOu^ton/DOughaon 6-1 D-11 HJanfetas 9910-1 

616 14P011 SUP UP (D)(F Gray) F Grey 6-10-10 P Cooney (?) • 99 F6-2 

619 IOOO-OP WARB.Y(APnca)PAntejr6-10-5 L Jotosay (7) 94 — 

620 4422DO- MSI HEAVBi (A Moore) A Moore 6-10-3 J Clarke (7) 91 — 

622 OPOOI-2 RAJEMS AIR (D) (P Teny) Mrs B Wanng 9-10-0 J Robson (7) 95 8-1 

623 02QP04- THE PROCESSOR (J Hurel) O Shenwood 5-10-0 RBoecfcer(7) S3 — 

1965: LOR MOSS 5-1CM) C Cox (100-30) A Leightan 6 ran 

CnRM ARNHALL ran ea n sat enCy well in novice company 
rwnin m odnst fitf? ao Bol Cam* hO-tMot r antmaB f2m 

— M Boadbjr (5) 94 92 

_ VKaaeedy (7) 91 64 

candy Mm A 90 6-1 

— POrecey (7) 91 — 

HJMtae 9910-1 

— P Cooney (7) •99F5-2 

i wnifi modest Ste ao Ba/Cowee 
BLE (10-5 )JuS Mad to make a winning c 
10 Master Bob (12-7) at Fontwefl K!m 3, 
tonn when beamg Maygon (10-9)71 at C 

■CAPTAM PAWN (10-12) p ut up h is bes perfor ma nc e to date on tetessart when beating 
■Rivers EdgB (1(F« 2t with PETER ANTHONY liO 1 ^ just under 201 back fa Sth at Cheitenliam 
(2m. £3844, firm. Oct &6ran). ROADSTER (106) rouided off bet sa«qn wtth a 31 beefing rt Norton Cross 

Newtxxy (2m4f Lisaed. S890. good, Oct 247 ran). ST WILLIAM is not the moScorewaant of anirnSs md 
on seasonal reappearance (i 1-i (fi was a wei beaten last of 5 to ttsgotfetoeaaight (11-8) at tampion ®n. 
£2971. good. Oct 18). ADMIRALS CIP (10-7) won this race test year when beating Morano-^ajPm, 
£9170. firm. 4 rant best su bsequen t effort when (11-6) 41 aid to Leodegrance (106) at Devon (2m 4f, 
£25! 1 . good. May £ 10 ranTrerra ANTHONY scored tour tfawse^ar fast sewn tw haatMad to tejow 

fas berfwfar tras term, on latest start (11-7)bolng a waO beaten 3rd to Hope End (IjHQfa Bangor B9h. 

w jap. mv»( Mflrm. Oen&6ran). FAR BHPGE riaa rx?t been out akxaWsteng 16 1/2L5te to Kateres Lad 

fast pest tee Inst (1 i-«n.2Ki dear of F 
' good. May 2tlB ran). THE PROCESS 
I coUd return to teat form today. (2m 4L 

o*F*e Chieftate (1 1-9). ai Fone 
ESSOR (10-51 was 13 2nd to L 
n 4L £2502. fam. Oct 30. 6 ran). 

Course specialists 

far tfas term, on latest start (11-7)belng a wad beaten 3rd t 
Jtofirm. OcflB. 6ran). FAR BBME baa notbeen out since l 

£2482, good tofirnt, QcMfi.6ran). FAR BRBIGE has not fawn our; 
(11-7) at Uverpaol in March "85 (2m £13242. good to soft. 8 ran). 
S ele ct io n- ADMIRALS CUP 


F Winter 
N H en der so n 
J (afford 
Only qualifiers 


Winners Runners Per Cera 

8 33 182 

25 141 17.7 

9 64 14.1 

TI 139 73 

C Brown 
P Scudamore 

Smite Eccfas 
H Davies 


W in ners Runners Per Cord 

12 56 21.4 

23 132 17.4 

13 75 173 

6 52 113 


By Mandarin 

1.15 Last Grain. | 2.45 St Colme. 

1 .45 Weight Problem. 3.15 Carpenter s Way. 

2.15 Little Bay. | 3.45 Tower Hope. 

Michael Seely's selection: 1 .45 Weight Problem. 3. 1 5 CARPENTER’S WAY (nap). 
The Times Private Handrcapper's top rating: 1.45 MOSSY MOORE. 

2.45 St Colme. 

3. 1 5 Carpenter’s Way. 

3.45 Tower Hope. 

1 2003-13 Ut!ttWLU n ANPW>(MrajnnMiuiiw|y gtwiwrire 

2 BOBBY BURNS (Lady Bolton) Mrs M Dickinson 5-11-2 

3 D0030/D- BOUNTY'S CLOWN (R Sftefls) R SUb 6-TIi2 

5 CUUmATE(P Montefte)PMontBUti5-11-2 

7 040220 HASTY MPORT (T Rooson) T Robson 7-1 1-2 

8 H&LOVAHOOLEY [Mrs A Robenscn) J OSver 5-1 1-2 

12 PP0069- RAKE'S PROGRESS (V Thompson) V Thomapon 6-11-2 „ 

14 2 S» JEST (W Stephenson) W A Stephenson 9-11-2 

15 0340-43 SIWBIA (G Turner) D Lee 5-1 1-2 

19 0 SODA KHAN (R Johnson) R Johnson 4-1 1-0 

20 LAST GRAIN (UgMbody otHamilon)J SWilson 4-11-0. — 

21 0003-0 POLISH (OUGHT (T Cteyton) A □ Brown 4-11-0 . — 

23 04 LUBtANA (W Heaney) Mrs G Reveiey 6-10-11 

Going: good 

1.15 SIHONBURN NOVICE HURDLE (Div I: £1.094: 2m 120yd) (13 runners) 

1 2003-13 GEICHAi. CHAIHXJS (Mra J Bradtjurna) J Bradtxvne 5-11-8 — MrJfaaAonw 

2 BOBBY BURNS (LadyBfattn) Mrs M OcWnson 5-11-2 — 

3 D0030/D- BOUNTY’S CLOWN (R Sfieis) R SMb 0-TIi2 atr Rgj tefa py 

5 CULmiATE(PMontefte)PMontwh5-11-2 

7 040220 HASTY MPORT (T Robson) T Robson 7-1 1-2 WwRLock 

8 HBXOYAHOOLEY (Mrs A Robarrson) J Over 5-1 1-2 JKIOmbb 

12 PPQOO0- RAID'S PROGRESS (V Thompson) V Thomapon 6-11-2 Mr M Tbompsan 

14 2 SIR JEST (W SMphenson) W A S te phe nso n 8-11-2 Mr J Terms** (7) 

15 034043 9UNBIA (G Turner) P Lee 5- 114 — rr~- ° l ^‘ ter 

ts 0 KOOA KHAN {R Johnson) R Johnson 4-1 1-0 Hr P Jolm*DBC7| 

20 LAST GRAIN fUgftt&ody ot Hamilon) J S Wflscn 4-n-0 T a ikm 

21 0003-0 POLISH KNWHT (T Cteyton) A D Brown 4-11-0 

23 04 LUSAKA (W Heaney) Mrs GRevatey 6-10-11 Prmren (4) 

1985; JODY'S BOY 4-10-13 Mr S Swiers (7-1) R Seders 12 r*i 

1 A 5 KIELDER HANDICAP CHASE (£1.899: 2m 41) (4 runners) 

4 P44P-0F MOSSY MOORE (CO^F? {M Cain) J (favor 10-1 ~ JK Kfaene 

E Z1Z11-0 FBWV POSTER (P) (F ScoBQ) W A Sapfa man 6-1 1-0 HUB* 

7 0PS21-1 WBOHT P««gi (D) (J Farregwr) iw mw 

12 3012 CLOHSHA3AOH <PJBF} (A Ugcoggan) A SAacsogs^n 10-1 0-0 f»OMadmogan (7) 

198& KROWS RSUCT10N 7-10-7 R Lamb (5-1) W A Ste^wnso" 3™° 

2-15 EKBALCO HURDLE (£1 521: 2m 120yd) (0 runners) 

2 HJ4124 RBPOMtt»)(CCfaric)W Storey 6-10-13 - * 

3 1100B- SOMIY ONE SWNE(Otane|RAtan 5-10-13 W POBC > ? 

a OOSOOD- TEUCeRffl Adamson) VTlwntoSonB.10-13--— IfaM Tl^japs on (*) 

5 4333U6- T0PHMI1S TAVERNS (HToghamJG Moore S-io.i3-_.-_- 

6 006141- FAVOUB-aY-TONTONE (CD? (J O'Hare? Mr s S Af Mn 4-1P-12 REwB g™ 

7 420000- COMEDY FAK (Q>)(Mrs M Noweq M H Easterty^10-7 ^ 

6 F04PU-1 LITTLE BAY (Mrs S Cateeremod) G Ricftarte 2 VnS? r. 

11 201000/ BANNA'S RETREAT {F Bartow) Uts S Ausdn 5-UW-- CUnAiJn. 

196S /ttJNOCH B-10-13 suss S 0»ver (6-13 fav) fifas S OHvar 5 ran 

2.45 BMW SERIES CHASE (Qualifier £3.105: 3m) (9 runners) 

1 0P31-32 PRMCE SANTIAGO (CDAF) (T Baker) Denys Srrwti 7-11-10 COrad «99F2-1 

2 U06-121 ST COLNE (Dr K Fraser) G RKfunts 61 1-10 PTacfc 00 3-1 

3 03004P ANOPER GEAR (W Stephenson) W A Stephenson 641-6 K Janes — 20-1 

4 BtoF42/ ASH ROYAL <H McOonakt)R McOonald 9-1 1-6 CM—**— — 25-1 

5 FP3F10- BEAU NriOOL(E Robson) ERobeon 7-1 1-6 T Reed 89 16-1 

6 21232-P CLONROtaE STREAM <M Thompson) V Thompson 7-11-6 Mr M Thompson 82 10-1 

6 000*471 VALIANT WOOD (Mrs WTufte) Mrs WTuHe 5-114 TO Dud 76 10-1 

9 REMEMO (J MoorSe) J Ofiver S-1 1-3 JKIGnene — 16-1 

10 021120- YAHOO (J Hanson) W A Stephenson 5-1 1-3 R Lamb — 5-1 

1985; SHRLSTAR BUYABOX 9-11-10 B Storey (64 lav} J Wade 7 ran 

3.15 JOHN EUSTACE SMITH HANDICAP CHASE (£1.980: 3m) (4 runners) 

2 003001- WHY FORGET (CO) (P Piter) W A Stephenson 1CM1-7 R Lento «99F54 

3 21000-1 CARPBWTBrsWAY(CD)(Canmn»rs)DenyssiTate8-i14tioe» COM 92 64. 

5 3UOPOO- SUNDERS (C) |Neec teai ii & Bmcbers) E Carter 8-1P-7 M Pepper 94 7-1 

8U140/PP- BnitHM AH (O) (J Btocwo W Fairgneve 9-10-0 I — 10-1 

1985: CARPENTERS WAY 7-10-3 C Grant (13-a fav) Denys Smite 6 ran 

• 99 5-1 

• 99 4-1 
91 62 
80 3-1 

67 6-1 
72 6-1 
U 4-1 
55 — 
• 99 5-1 
— F9-A 
— 20-1 

3A5 SIHONBURN NOVICE HURDLE (Div il: £1 .084: 2m 120yd) (IS runners) 

1 01 TOWER HOPE (P Sawney | Mrs G Revetey 5-11-6 P Niven (4) 

2 CLEVBt POLLY (N Mason) G Retards 6-1 1-2 P Tuck 

3 00/000 DOUBLE LINE (W Stephenson) W A Steptanson 511-2 OCondeM 

4 FOOD toO- FWTTBIA WOOO (P Piter) W ASraphanson 7-T1-2 RLamb 

5 00- MGM EDCS GREY (J Stone) I Obver 51 1-2 JKKtam 

6 FOP-O J H B MCOUNTSfR Gflberq A D Brom 611-2 D DuBou 

7 DO- PENDLEY GOLD (Mrs H Groe n stnaMs) M Naugtaon 5-11-2 M llro wd 

g P/P4F3F- PRINCE SOLJV Thompson) v Thompson 7-1 1-2 Mr M Thompson (4) 

10 00/0- PRUDENT BOY (R Taflontrei J Jotaison 6-1 1-2 REaMtev 

11 400/F-P SOME YOYO (R SMefe) R Steels 6-1 1-2. MrR SMeto(7) 

12 030P- TAWNY SPBUT (A Mtoisr) jimmy Rrzgerald 7-1 1-2 M Dwyer 

13 00000-0 DALTON DANDY (V Hat) V Hoi 4-1 1-0 Mr M So— 30. (71 

15 0- OWN UP (D Faulkner) R Whitaker 4-1 14] MBrennn 

20 OCTOBER WOODS <C Taylor) C Taylor 5-10-11 Htae T wagoott (71 

21 CP04/00- PRISTME (J NawlOej N Chantoertan 5-10-11 ASUtogv 

1995: SWNY PB33RH 5-1 1-8 R Lento (2-1) W A Sieptanson 1 1 ran 

• 89 B-2 
— 6-1 
— 16-1 
— 8-1 

Course specialists 











G Bradley 












MH EasiBTOy 




T G Dun 








D Dutton 




Denys Srartn 




R Lamb 








P Tuck 




145 (im 2f) 1, POLYNOR (G BardwML 
it 2, smart Mori (E Thomsen, il-lk 3. 

7-1): 2. Smart Hart 

Charming View (1 

RAN: 4 fav Chevat 

I Thomson, il-lk 3. 
Ryan. 10-1). ALSO 
dy (4th). 6 Mr Music 

(t (E Thomson. 11- 
(W Ryan. 10-1). I 
it Lady (4th). 6 Mr I 



all over 
the place 


Boxing Correspondent 

With aH tbe foresight of a 
boxer with both eyes dosed m 
batt l e , British p ro mote rs nave 
managed to put on three un^ 
porant coiucsts _ai three dif- 
ferent centres tonight. 

Errol Christie, the Coveattry 
mkkllcweighi, meets the worto- 
rated Scan Mansion, of Conne- 
mara and Boston, at Alexandra 
Pavilion, north London; Robert 
Dickie, Wales's British feather- 
weight champion, has a return 
a gamtf John Feeney, of Hartle- 
pool, at Ebbvr Vale; and Brian 
Anderson, of Sheffield, feces 
Tony Burke. ofOoydon, for the 
vacant British middleweight ti- 
tle, in Bellast. ITV are covering 
the London contest, tbe BBC the 
other two- 

Christie’s bont looks the most 
important even if the others are 
for British titles. It is a chance 
for Christie to show that he has 
got over his two traumatic 
defeats by Seys (round 1) ami 
Kaylor (round 8) and must be 
latm seriously as a world 
contender. For Mannion is **oac 
tough son of a gun”, as Lou 
Duva, who has brought over the 
world-rated heavyweight, Tyrefl 
Biggs, says of the Irishman who 
learned his trade in the United 

Dickie's bout too should en- 
thral the Welsh and foe north 
fast as the champion goes out to 
prove that be has sigaificantly 
improved since his dose wm 


B E553E53 5 ^ 

! to Tl i ftM' iL 

The Epsom trainer Philip Tara, the other joint-favourite, 
Mitchell, searching for prospec- was third and dosing strongly 
five jumpers at yesterday’s New- on the leaders when he rolled 
market Sales, was in fine form at over five from home. 

Plumpton, landing a 38-1 dou- The race was almost over 
ble with My Myra (2-1) and before Cresun fought his way 
Eurolink Boy (12-1). back into tbe action and he was 

It was a particularly good finishing strongest of all, only a 
effort by Eurolink Boy, who neck behind the winner, at the 
jumped ahead two out and just post. “That incident at tbe third 
lasted home in the Plumpton definitely cost me the race.” said 
Handicap Chase. Not only was Qesun’s rider, John Lovejoy. 
tbe seven-year-old 121b out of There is no jockey riding over 
the handirap. but be carried an jumps who gives his horse or his 
4fb overweight from backers more confidence than 
his rider, Simon Sher w ood, Richard Dunwo 
whose cause, however, was ers who mad e hi 
considerably helped by mishaps to win the sefle 
to his rivals. were always hap 

Baflima, tbe 13-8 joint- • Richard Rowt 
favourite, made a disastrous Hunt jockey, ' 
miemirg at tbe third that gave Cuckfiekl Hosp 
Ray Goldstein no chance of cussion after a 
staying in tbe saddle, and also Plumpton yester 
badly hampered Cresun, bring- unable to ride a 
ing him completely to a halt days. 

Richard Dunwoody, and bade- 
ers who made him 2-1 favourite 
to win the seller on My Myra 
were always happy. 

• Richard Rowe, the Nations. 
Hunt jockey, was taken to 
Cuckfiekl Hospital with con- 
cussion after a nasty fell at 
Plumpton yesterday. He will be 
unable to ride again for seven 

fight middleweight champion, 
and won aS his seven bouts as a 
middleweigln. He wants to 
hi mse lf in Europe to 
box for tbe European title which 
could give him ayraid middle- 
weight rating. . 

with Angelo Dundee in his 
corner aH Christie's defensive 
flaws wifl he noticed and 
Mannion will be there to cap- 
italize on them. Christie wall 
have to keep his chin well 

Dickie's youth should tell 
the battfo-worn veteran 
Feeney, Miose legs are showing 
signs of weariness. Feeney is an 
oqierienced and neat boxer, but 
perhaps too neat and too 
predictable. The Welshman 
with a fifth round knock-out of 
Steve Sims under his belt could 
prove just too strong fora brave 

In Beifest, even: if Barry 
McGuigan wfll not be pulling in 
the crowds, the bout should 
prove a thriller. Both men 
possess a punch: Anderson 
Pvatt the Euro- 

him on points, and Burke 
disposed of James Cook in two 
rounds. Both could hit foe deck 
in the contest, though 
Anderson's better boxing ability 
could stand him in good stead, 
when in trouble and help him to 
bring the title back to Sheffield. 

his lines 


Any world ambitions Ray 
Gilbody- may have harboured 
received a serious setback when 
he again foiled to lift the 
European bantamweight title in 
Paris. This time there was no 
room for the kind of con- 
troversy that followed his bout 
with Grade Leva, of Italy, last 
February. Antoine Montero, of 
France, stopped him in the first 
round at- the Grqne d’Hiver 
stadium to become France’s 
only European champion. 

Gilbody, who had a good 
amateur career, has never been 

1 . -1 v ' i -i • •, 


ss atr t* 


Montero, who :vrill. 
December, will be k 
Ws third tflt- at the. \ 
before ibe year isout. 

-ij ii-*.* - 




°ve f 

England post-war captain gives his jndgement on the creeping sterility of stereotype play in Rugby Union 

Mycock mourns power passing to coaches 


v Plan Tfck T* a * i ?s between the 
In v, , | S°, XID S and weekend 

.... -• Aim..- ^ Manchester Evening 

. ‘ was the familiar headline: 

"H? ?i flc L 10 ^ ghy footballers from 
^ Joe Mycock, the former Sale, 
. ?!' ' =■•;•, H tt£ Lancashire and England captain. 
„.j>- ’* if® WPM ® .then and believes now 
V: ^ game has apparently 

■ 'ii,!; l V- dev eloped a tendency to become 

" r a, !'!' ■ s^otyped, not least before the 
. ’ *■ : '^S. • lake Ulc field. The basis of 

I'vvfstrociion for a player should 
■ • ■.. \ hj, ®Vrely b® to make him think for 

" ’ ' ' . i ,r ' -fiT . ms f*f and, starting with the 

■ v iv? sim P‘ e . necessities of fitness and 
. 1 !i enlh usiasm, to study his own 


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■ ■ ■fjjr • can be a team-building success.” 
u what, one may be forgiven for 

; ' *; • ■: s;^;^ asking, is new? 

• :'■■■■■ Ha’' 1 *!. Mycock, a stone or two heavier 

iCV th 311 “J his prime has lost none of 
' h* s enthusiasm for rugby, but docs 

S?f. enficomg its problems. 
Siii ^ 1 believe coaching can so easily be 

r: • i : y ® : J misdirected SO that individual flair 

is suppressed. If you go out on to 
, Jr - i; the field with a preconceived plan 
' ‘ a 8»*“» a good side, you are bound 

. ' inVv L5? . !° ** in trouble. Also the prom- 

>, inence of the coach has meant that 
^ '■% the role of the captain is under-' 
ralet k which harms the game.” 
ib^ , Mycock, one of the truly great 
... forwards of the century, shares 

" J '' ''yrjw wih Nigel MelvilJe, the rare 
- r . Rw distinction of being asked to cap- 
• V. 'p 1 his country before he had won 

■ - the first of his five caps. Had the 

- : i . war and business commitments 

•• - abroad not decreed otherwise, this 
v number could well have been 
»■ 1 multiplied manyfold. 

k ^ On captaincy, echoing the senti- 

/• :> rn ^7 ments.of Erie Evans, his old friend 

I.-’ J - irjj n a and colleague, Mycock is 
;rr T - • | wini. ^ admirably positive: “A captain 
J 4 S “ f r.pi?a L must really know and care about 
.. i . u-ii his team, everything about each 

■ »'..>nv UIQ% member that helps you to lead him 
V-,' ■;’* Jie- more successfully. You must treat 

it » 


S'; Upsets on 


At home in North Wales: Joe Mycock still keeps a loving eye, and has strong views, on the game of his youth 

■“ S2?fr m ents 

different men in differing ways.” 

The ultimate conservation-stop- 
per followed: “I once bit Dennis 
Chapman, one of my own front 
row forwards. He was a big, heavy 
man, but without aggression, so 1 
bit his backside. He seemed a bit 
snrpd^ed and asked me why I had 
done it. 1 replied: ‘Because I want 
you to stir youndf'” 

He recalled with some nostalgia 
a conversation with Evans during a 

pat lipiilari y rlwn anrirng I jmcarfure 

match. “Evans took a really hard 
knock and there was a lot of blood 
about I parted his hair to have a 
look and be said: ‘Bloody good job 
it was my head. It’s the only part of 
me that could have stood it*” 
Mycock's theories with regard to 
the wwf for dynamic captaincy 
were tested in his first inter- 
national, Wales versus England at 
Cardiff Arms Park shortly after the 
war. To the Welsh, starved of 
international rugby, the game was 

like a revivalist meeting, but it was 
England who triumphed 9-6 before 
44,000 spectators. “Keith Scott was 
inpired, so I spoke to him, but he 
didn't warn to come oil! I put him 
on the wing, took Steele-Bodgcrout 
of the pack and put him behind 
Scott. The Press called it ‘enterpris- 
ing captaincy,' but the selectors 
were furious.” 

Mycock, who was bom in Man- 
chester and educated at Giggles- 
wick, spent much of the war as a 
technical instructor in the RAF in 
Iceland, represented South Wales 
against the British Army (under the 
name of ‘Llewelyn Mycock’) and 
played his dub rugby for Sale. This 
was in the balmy days of WooUer, 
Claude Davey, Carl Noden, Hal 
Sever and Ken Fyfe among a galaxy 
of distinguished players. He then 
joined Harlequins when business 
took him to London. He played for 
Lancashire and had En glan d trials 
as a flanker, but it was his move to 

lock that earned him mternational 

Now, fiving happily in retire- 
ment with Pat, his wife, in the 
Conway Valley in North Wales, 
Mycock, like a demanding parent, 
pasts a loving eye on the contem- 
porary game: “I deplore the in- 
crease of injuries and I think the 
need to stay on your feet to avoid 
the pile-up should be written in 
letters of blood in every coaching 
mamuil- Like most people I think 
too many points come from pen- 

As a forward who had a univer- 
sal name for scrupulous fairness 
and keen play, Mycock also feels 
strongly that the really vicious 
players, should be dropped at any 
ieveL “If I had authority in the 
game today, I would be an inno- 
vator, but I believe passionately in 
the amateur game.” 

Michael Stevenson 



in row over 

From Fat Butcher 
New York 


Those who said that the 
advent of open prize money 
would ruin athletics will sit back 
and nod sagely at foe problems 
encountered by the two big 
autumn marathons here in the 
United Stales. 

It transpired after the Chicago 
race last Sunday that Ingrid 

Kristiansen almost did not run 
foe America's Cup Marathon 
there over an argument which 
also involves Rob de Castelia, 
who is favourite for this 
Sunday's New York Marathon. 

Both athletes are sponsored 
by Mazda for around $40,000 a 

.IV: J 



> , A, 

ilk -J*V _ *.v i 

At home at Twickenham: Mycock safely gathers a litre-oat for England 



■ Vlh’. WndLnna, South Australia — 
»:7j; If first impressions are any 

; guide England's players could be 

.fc: in for a bumpy ride against 

■ - South Australia Country today. 

The 40-minute journey to 
; Wudinna, which is a little 

■ village about 300 miles from 

-• Adelaide, proved distinctly 

- - , uncomfortable. 

e "! The small, privately chartered 

■ . K aeroplane, carrying players and 

press, was buffeted several times 
by strong winds and turbulence, 

. a so much so that the tour 

I.,...,..; manager, Peter Lush, was side. 

A they felt so poorly after foe 
. . \ flight that be missed a celebra- 
1 tion" dinner held in England’s 
“ ‘S honour at Wudinna OvaL The 
” Gloucestershire baisman rested 

Upsets on bumpy 
trip to Wudinna 

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wheal and sheep fimning area, is 
■ready to make the most of 
En^stKTs visit. 

Crowd estimates vary from 
2,000 to 5,000 with people 
expected to travel in from a 70- 
mile radius. How many attend 
will probably depend on the 
speed at which bad news travels 
in these parts. For the man 
everyone wants to see — honor- 
ary Australian, Ian Botham — is 
not playing. He is rested for this 
50-overs a side game and will 
use the time to make a television 
commercial in Sydney. 

DiDey and Lamb, two recent 
casualties, are included in 
England's 12. The tourists win 
be particularly keen for strike- 
bowler DiDey to prove his 

- in the team's bold while his fitness after his absence from the 

C; i I body 

his lines 

colleagues were wined and 
dined, but was still expected to 
play today. 

A sizeable crowd gathered at 
foe airfield, dapping enthusias- 
tically as foe players made their 
way to a school bus which 
conveyed them to an offical 

Wudinna (population 700) 
has waited a long time for this 
moment. The local cricket 
association first applied to host 
a louring team match IS years 
ago. Last season they were all set 
lo welcome India, but the 
itinerary was changed and the 
chance was lost. Bui now the 
tiny outpost, nestling in a huge 


Queensland match with a nig- 
gling ankle injury. 

Although the problem ap- 
pears to have cleared up. no one 
will know for sure until the 27- 
year-old Kent player is given a 
lengthy bowl under match con- ; 
ditrans. Lamb must be a doubt- 
ful starter, with his .badly 
bruised toe, but Aibey has 
recovered from a calf injury. | 
Those not named in the 12 are 
Botham, DeFreitas, Gower, and 

ENGLAND (from): B C Brawl. W N 
Stack. CWJ Atfwy. A J Lamb. M W 
GatUnCL J J Whtafeflr. C J Richard*. B N 
French. P H Edmonds. N A Fosmr. G C 
Smatt. G R DNey. 

for Irish 

By George Ace 

Question marks hang over 
Michael Kiernan and Phillip 
Matthews for Saturday’s inter- 
national against Romania at 
Lansdowne Road Kiernan has 
a thigh injury and Matthews is 
unhappy with the response to 
treatment on an Achilles tendon 

Both w31 have fitness tests 
when the Irish squad assemble 
in Dublin tomorrow. 

The selectors may summon 
Morrow, the Ulster No 8, and 
Irwin, the Ulster captain, to 
Dublin as a precautionary 

Morrow was not originally 
considered because of a sboul- 

Wasps come out of the cold 
to seek sun with England 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

Rob Lozowski, capped by 
England against Australia in 
1984 and then dropped after a 
promising first outing, has been 
added to the Eng land squad 
which leaves tomorrow for a 
four-day training camp in Por- 
tugal. He will be joined by Colin 
Pinnegar, his dub colleague 
from Wasps, and - Richard 
Moon, the Nottingham scrum 

The amendments to the orig- 
inal squad of 38 have bear 

caused by a series of injuries and 
unavailability which have af- 
fected, in particular, the mid- 
field and wing positions. Three 
centres: Paul Dodge (Leicester), 
Simon HaUiday (Bath) and 

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Jamie Salmon (Harlequins), and 
® two wings: Barry Evans (Lcaces- 

ter) and John Goodwin 
wnen Mattnews wnnarew trom runo>ini hnw hm famvi tn 

home on the flun k and was the Dodge and Goodwin both 
outstanding fbrward in Cork. business commitments 

With no recognized centre in which they cannot escape; the 
the replacement panel, it would others have injunes which 
be STSsfecSyw include would limit their ability to take 
Irwin if Kiernan withdraws than foil advantage of ^t vriD be a 
make positional changes. rigorous weekend. HaDiday, al- 

though he plays for Bath against 
# , _ Canfiff this eveniijg, has a touch 

Kichmve nftll of tendonitis which manifests 
JJiauup a U4U1 itself on hard grounds - which is 

extends to Portugal. ° PC 

cover football Gloucester scrum balfi hopes to 
David Bishop, the banned have recovered sufficiently from 
Pontypool and Welsh inter- a knee uyury to take pan but foe 
national scrum half; wfl] not be presence of Moon provides 
allowed uj play football in Wales cover should be break down, 
while be is serving his suspen- The selectors had in mind, 
sion from Rugby Union, also Bath’s demanding fixture 
Bishop's application to play with Cardiff Should Richard 
football in the Cardiff cambma- Hilt, the England captain and 
lion league has not been ac- 
cepted by the Welsh Football ~rv . 1 , __ . 

Association and be will not he I IOIQ t/P 

eligible to play for any Welsh j %•> 

team until nirther notice. ** 

“This is not a ban,” 
emphasised the Welsh FA sec- . 
retary, Alun Evans. “We would . J™ 
uot objea to him playing soccer ““ P*tfP “P 8 ^ 

outside Wales, birtwefeel it is Wal^wdl be out of acnon for 
advisable, because of foe pub- “ ««*■ aSUsr , tofop* *w> 
Deity be has received, that 
David Bishop should not play 

soccer in Wales for the tfme £ * ra ° s - tett. «w new 

scrum half; take a knock in that 
game, they win still have a 
sufficiency ot scrum halves with 
which to operate. 

The addition of Lozow sl ri, 
who is 25, is recognition of the 
form displayed by the Wasps 
back division this season. Cer- 
tainly in the recent mutch 
against Cardiff he and Rob 
Andrew were combining to great 
effect in midfield; there is, of 
course, another Wasps 
threequarter in the England 
squad in Mark Bailey, the wing. 
LozowsJd’s last season was 
marred by a broken leg which 
kept him out of the John Player 
Special Cup final against Bath 
but he has since indicated a 
complete recovery. _ 

Another to perform well in 
that same Cardiff match was 
Pinnegar, now 26, who occupies 
foe vacancy in the squad left by 
his former dub colleague. Mau- 
rice Coldough, now with Swan- 
sea. Pinnegar, a West 
countryman, toured with Eng- 
land Students in 1982 and 

England Under-23 the following 
year; he has since matured into a 
valuable front-of-tbe-line 
jumper and shows welcome 
mobility for a sixteeo-and-a- 
hatf stone man. 

Don Rutherford, the Rugby 
Football Union's technical 
administrator, said 

yesterday^ We have decided not 
to call up replacements for all 
foe backs who have pulled out 
because we have adequate 
cover. We are not drafting in 
another No 8 in place ofEgerton 
as his dub colleagues, Paul 
Simpson and John Hall, have 
both played litem before.” 

The England party fly out 
early tomorrow morning to the 

Algarve; they will be joined on 
Friday by Roger Quittenton, the 
England international panel ref- 
eree. who will handle foe game 
against a Portuguese XV on 

A French national side will 
make a rare non-international 
visit to Britain at the beginning 
of next season when they play 
four matches against Scottish 
district sides next September. It 
is part of a reciprocal arrange- 
ment following Scotland's most 
recent visit to Spam and France 
last May. 

They win play Glasgow 
(September 16), an Anglo-Scms 
XV (September 1 9) at a venue in 
foe Scottish North and Mid- 
lands, Edinburgh (September 
23) and a Scottish District XV 
(September 26) at a venue in the 
Borders. Since the final fixture 
will involve a team drawn from 
all five Scottish districts, it will 
be a very strong team and the 
Scottish Rugby Union antici- 
pate that France wfl] bring an 
equally strong party. 

M Row ( Harlequins). P WHtama (Orel). 
Who*: U BaH*y (Wasp*). M Hantoon 
(Wakefield), R UMarwood (Ufcecnr). 

Cvtaton (Orraf), F Cfcwflh 
e University). K Simms 
Lozowski (Wasps), J Palmar 

Hnfing (Bristol). 

(Warns). S Smith 
rkTW) (Bam. 

Han (Bald), G n 
Simpson (Bald). 

Rte tmgrt s(U H CTBt m y 

Delayed-action Eidman 

Ian Eidman, the Cardiff tight- 
head prop with 13 caps for 
Wales, will be out of action for 
six weeks after breaking two 
bones in an anifin during h« 
Saturday’s game against Hade- 

Four new 
for Kent 

By David Hands 

Kent, beaten finalists in last 
season’s county championship^ 
sponsored by Thom EML in- 
troduce four new players against 
Middlesex at the Stoop Me- 
morial ground this afternoon, 
among them Richard 
Langhorne, the Harlequins lock, 
who performed well for his dub 
against Robert Norster at Car- 
diff last weekend. 

His contest with Sean 
O'Leary (Wasps), who is the 
only change in the Middlesex 
team from that which beat 
Surrey a fortnight ago, will be 
relevant to foe London selectors 
who may be happy with Colin 
Pinnegar as one member of their 
second row but have a wide 
choice for his partner. 

Indeed, the divisional selec- 
tors are watching the county 
championship with as much 
interest as they are the dub 
scene. Paul Jackson, last year’s 
divisional No 8, is currently 
leading Middlesex but is not 
regularly available for Harle- 
quins, his dub; Rob Cheval, 
who played for London against 
Paris last season, remains loyal 
to Askeans but is a force to be 
reckoned with for Kent. 

Surrey will be led by Simon 
Henderson (Rosslyn Park) when 
they play Eastern Counties on 
the Westcliffians ground at 
Southend. Mike Gibson, who 
led them against Middlesex, is 
playing for Ireland against 
Romania on Saturday and is 
unavailable, as is Jeff Probyn, 
foe England squad prop from 

Ralph Kuhn, the Loudon 

Irish stand-off half, forms a new 
partnership with Alex 
Woodhouse (Harlequins) 
against a home side whose 
captain, Richard Sumner, is 
restored to health and to the left 
wing. Sumner, formerly of 
Wasps, is now a member of the 
thriving Sudbury club who pro- 
vide half the Eastern Counties 

In the northern division of the 


during play but the injury was 

Cardiff have received another “° l diagnosed until Monday 

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Trevor Jesty, of Surrey, in London yesterday with The 
CrieketerfHmmywdl trophy team achieving the best 

batting rate in last season's Britannic Assurance county 
championsMp matches. Calculations were bused on runs 
scored per 100 balls faced. Other awards were: Graeme Hick 
(batting), Terey Alderman (bowfiug), Essex (team bowling). 
(Photograph: Adam Butler), 

When last was first 

Landover, Maryland (Reuter) Rodney Jenkins, was the other. 

- The German -bred Aga Kahn, Nine entries finished in a tie 
ridden by Norman Ddto Joio, g* fourth place with fbur feufts. 
of America, defeated Playback including Raffles Apollo, ridden 
with a time of 35.70 seconds to ^ Nick Skelton of Britain and 
36.09 to win the International Towerlands AnglSarke. ridden 
Open Jumper contest at the Skelton's Brtosb team-mate, 
Washington International Malcolm Pyrah. Feroer of Can- 

H Am was foe tot Of 34 «iih Alexa Belkin foe 

horses to take the course and saddle, also tied for fourth, 
one of only two entries to dear Canada kad in the team, 

the 1 4 obstacles fruitlessly. Play- competition with 13 points to! 
back, also German-bred .and six each for Britain and the | 

setback wfth foe news that foe ^ maUy 

former England captain, John involved hgamenl^ 

Scott, is taking a break from P 1 ®* 111 to 

senkr rugby after losing some 

enthusiasm for the game. Bob CbfoK. wbo wrD have 

labin wfl] continue todeputise Alan Phillips alongside him at 
at No 8 when foe Schweppes 

Cup holders visit B*lh today. Eidman will miss a senes of 
Oiris Collins will switdhfrom "P* p and 

loose-bead prop to take lan fo«ebyfoo chana to cbaUenge 
Eidman’s ptoe m foe front row E Y?^ of Neath for foe 

and Alan Philips, the ea ptam, Ph® vduch Evans occupial 
will be bade at hooker after du^ foe simmer tour of. foe 


By David H a n d s thriving Sudbury dub who pro- 

- _ . , vide half the Eastern Counties 

seven games in South America, last season, though they are pack. 

Their intentions are twofold: to joined by Osea Kobloa, who was . . . 

pby spectacular rugby and to a member of the Speed wings 1° me northern division of the 

examine the potential of some team which took part in foe ““mpionsiup, Rory under- 
ememng players who may form Sport Aid sevens in Cardiff last ^^^‘Lfngland wing, is 
part ofuieir World Cup squad May available once more for York- 

next season. They wfll pfaty a Pontypool Uncashire on 

The party, managed by Ar- side which includes a New Heamngley s ground this eve- 
four Jennings, foe former All Zealander in Ian Dunn, who 2tHV55 y - Adamson reverts to 
Black who is a Fijian member of plays at full back rather than his S?” bac . k m a stde_ which, like 
Parliament, includes several customary stand-off position. Ir 01 : *® rench depleted by 
players from Wairarapa-Bush, ‘Tony Coombes, formerly of m J unes - 
the New Zealand first division Newport, is in the dub's squad Simon Tipping, the flanker, is 

a UU.U1UU vi uh. ■ . . n _ _ , 

team which took part in foe damp'onship. Rory Under- 

Sport Aid sevens in Cardiff last ^?& w i h ** 1 8 la,ld r wu S* * 
j^ay available once more for York- 

They wfll pfaty a Pontypool ^ u ®“®?! ire 00 

side which mdudes a New Headleys ground this eve- 
Zealander in Ian Dunn, who Adamson reverts to 

ridden by another American. ' United States. 

home game world “ at 

against Newport because ofa evening after scoring 81 toes in 

recurring thigh injury. Peter 

Shillingford, foe first choice No TnvAn^ . 

8 for two seasons but who has I 1 III I 

missed the start of this cam- 

paign t h roug h injury, . haw Wefllngtoa (AFP) — Repre- 
proved his fitness in the second sentatives of foie 16 nations who 
team and will play his first will play in the first Rugby 
senior game. . Union World Cop next year 

Coventry, beaten by Moseley continued their tour of facilities 
at home at the weekend, have fa New Zealand yesterday, con- 
dropped Keith Jervis, foe fidem the tournament would not 
centre, and Dave Clark, the be threatened by any rebel tour 
scrum half; for Saturday’s visit ot South Africa. 

Paim R™“»» Of a bOTCOtt of the 

anS^SMblSSteNSS; £ r^aJtefaPfe! 

^trifo^cSS 2tobndand^ustralfa, followed 
a tour of Sooth Africa by a New 
Zealand CavaKera side earlier 

■■ vLnf • jgzr.ts 

^-SSMSAS: — 

vers switches to No 8, Ken John EeadaU-Carpeotor, foe 
Ferdinand coming in on foe Engfish chairman of the World 
flank. Cup c omm i tt e e , mid he saw 

the New Zealand first division 
province. Among them are Brett 
Harvey, a flanker who played 
against France during the sum- 
mer. and Brent Anderson, a kick 
who won his cap in the first 
international aga mat Australia 
this year. 

They hope to be joined by 
Andy Earl, the Canterbury lock 
currently engaged in the New 
Zealand tour of France, when 
that tour ends. 

There are only three survivors 
from the Fijian national team 
which toured Ireland and Wales 

Newport, is in foe dub's squad Simon Tipping, the flanker, is 
and may make bis debut at not available, John Buckton. the 
scrum half Saracens centre, has not yet 

The Barbarians. I understand, recovered from a kidney injury, 
have adopted the habit of Steven Townend has given best 
making any try-setrrer take foe to a damaged knee and Steve 
consequent kick at goal, which Burnhill, the Leicester centre, i$ 
should result in some interesting recovering from a 
differences in technique. After operation. 

they have completed their itin- 
erary in Britain and Ireland they 
have games against Belgium, 
Italy and Switzerland before 

Lancashire, aware of foe suc- 
cess this season of Liverpool/Si 
Helens, have picked both their 

Threat of cup boycott is receding 

WeBfagfem (AFP) — Repre- 
sentatives of the 16 nations who 
win play in the first Rugby 
Union World Cup next year 
continued their tour of facilities 
fa New Zealand yesterday, con- 
fident the tournament would aot 
be threatened by any rebel tour 
of South Africa. 

Rumour s of a boycott of foe 
tournament, which s wlwilslinl 
for May ami June in New 
Zealand and Australia, followed 
a tour of South Africa by a New 
Zealand Cavaliers die earlier 
this year and suggestions that 
top Australian players would 

defy their union and play in the 
Republic next year. 

John KendaB-Carpenter, foe 
Bn gfigh r hat rm u n gf foe World 
Cap c omm i tt e e , said he saw 

“little danger" to the tnwr- 
aameat from a possible Austra- 
lian rebel torn. He befieved the 
tournament's success would be 
re i nfo rced by foe almost certain 
Australian refusal to make an 
official torn of Sooth Africa. 

The Australian ru gby coach, 
Alan Jones, has supported foe 
idea of such a tour bat World 
Cup orgtnisers in New Zealand 
are confident that the Australian 
Rugby Union wfll reject any 
official fa vi t at loa to play the 
Springboks and risk the success 
of the toarmuaesL 

Sydney and Brisbane are 
indnded as Anstralfan venues 
for World Cup matches while 
games will also be played in nine 
New Zealand centres. 

Re presentatives of all foe 

SS Toulouse in mid- S2& ^ 

i^c^cuiuct. Durham, who are entertaining 

- • Northumberland, do so with the 

S WAOA/l ivirr former Northumberland cap- 
IvLvUUIGs tain. Bob Anderson, in their 

. . „ . . back row. Anderson will add 

nations invited to me tour- height to their hneout and they 
nament are m New Zealand to will hope that their backs can 


logo while racing in the United 
States fa a deal negotiated by 
Mark McCormack's Inter- 
national Management Group. 
The Chicago race is losing its 
sole sponsor and is nurturing the 
Nissan company, a competitor, 
as sponsor. 

With Mis Kristiansen likely 
to break her world best in 
Chicago, foe race director. Bob 
Bright, was incensed dial a 
photograph of her with a 10 x 4 
inch logo would be flashed 
across the world. 

Bright said: “It would have 
been advertising for a sponsor 
making no contnbition here and 
gening all kinds of free pub- 
licity. Ingrid has run here for 
three years and been paid 
handsomely. Wc aha paid foe 
expenses for seven of her assis- 
tants to attend this year. For her 
to wear a shin that is inconsis- 
tent with our sponsors is 
inconsiderate. ** 

Mrs Kristiansen responded: 
“He knew I ran for Mazda 
before I come here. 1 will never 
run here again if Bob Bright is 

During the argument. Bright 
told Mrs Kristiansen foal she 
could have her $40,000 appear- 
ance fee and not run, while Mrs 
Kristiansen offered to forego the 
fee, and ran to win foe $40,000 
first prize. Bright was backed by 
foe New York race director, 
Fred Lebow, who has, “a more 
serious programme with de 
Castelia.” The New York race is 
sponsored by Mercedes for 
$400,000 and the winners get a 

A compromise was reached 
over the size of lettering but 
Lebow said yesterday that the 
Kristiansen camp reneged. 
“This makes for bad relations 
with IMG and the athletes. De 
Castelia will run but the prob- 
lem is not resolved. Any ftrture 
negotiations with athletes win 
have to include what they 
wear,” Lebow said. 

Budd does 
not need 

From Ray Kennedy 

Zola Budd is up and running 
again and at this stage does not 
need an operation for a hip 
iqjury. This was the verdict 
yesterday of Professor Johan 
Cilliers, of foe orthopaedic 
department at foe National 
Hospital in foe runner’s home 
town of Bloemfontein. 

Last week Professor Olliers 
said that if the injury — known 
as a bursa, which is basically an 
inflammation in foe hip area — 
did not respond to treatment an 
operation might be necessary. It 
would seriously delay Miss 
Budd's return to Britain to start 
training for her defence of the 
world cross-country title next 

The injury was detected only 
when she returned to South 
Africa after her disappointing 
performance in the European 
Champioosips. Professor 
Cilliers said yesterday that Miss 
Budd was busy with a rehabilita- 
tion programme and had re- 
sumed running. An operation 
was definitely not necessary at 
this stage. The injury. Professor 
Cilliers said, bad responded well 
to treatment that included injec- 
tions to heal foe infected bursa. 


Macaskill puts 
his all-round 
skill on display 

Ian Macaskill. a strapping , 
second row forward who plays 
second division rugby union in 
Edinburgh, may change his . 
mind about which sport he 
regards his forte after his golfing 

exploits in foe Bahamas. 

Macaskill, an eight handicap 
amateur, clinched five of the 
nine birdies which helped 
Duddingstooe move to three 
strokes behind Sundridge Park 
after two rounds of foe 
Heunessy Cognac {rational pro- 
am championship. 

_ “Ian was quite fantastic,**, said 
Jim Farmer, his partner and the 
former PGA club professional , 
champion as they dosed on Bob 
Cameron and Bill Millar, the - 
Sundridge Park pairing. 

RESULTS: ltsnnasBy C o gn a c Rational 
pro-asj 54-lute baaortaa tiunpuo- 

nations invited to the tour- 
nament are in New Zeala nd to 
inspect grounds and accom- 
modation. The visit has pro- 
duced support from the Irish 
Rugby Union, who had ex- 
pressed the strongest reserva- 
tions util BOW. 

The Irish representative, Syd 

Mflfar, told Radio New Zealand 
that his anion had always been 
concerned that Rugby Union 
should not change too radically 
and too quickly. But his union 
was now right behind foe 

After mspectfag Lancaster 
Park, Christchurch, Marizao 
Moudelli, of the Italian Rugby 
Union, said be was “ray 
enthusiastic.” Italy phy New 
Zealand fa the opentoimkeb, at 
Auckland on May 22. 

proem 54-tnte bonof-fatt chmapma- 

sMpe Second round te nder s: (Pro- 
tosaonal names firm): 132: Sundrfdw 
Park. Kent (B Cameron. W MSBsi). 09. 63. 
135: Duadlngston. Scot U Fanner. I 
Macaskd). 64. 136: ChorttNvam- 
Harty. Lancs (0 Scmewn. R HoweB), 70, 
66. 138: Bartwvon-Sea, Hants. (P 
Bortam.S Hendry). 71, 87. 13B: Cownoor, 
Nous, (D RK&ay, O Bad), 71.68: Looa Bin 

Nona, (D RxSoy, 0 B .. 

Down, Cornwal, (S Lloyd. A Rowe). 69. 

70. 1«fc Edg&aston. Warwtts. 72. fiffc 
Crompton anofloyton. Lancs. 70. 70. Ml: 
□bs. Morion. 71. 70. M2: Ktomoon. Co 
Tyrona. 72. 70: Drumpefler. Scot. 70. 72. 
143: Gotswou Edge. Glee. 72 71; Sand 
Uoor. Yorks. 75 ffi: Scarborough South 
CM. Yorks. 74. 69. 14& West Hove. 
Sussex. 74. 72. ISfc Fambam Park. 
Bucks. 74. 77. 

Tour jackpot 

Mark McNulty's victory in 
foe Portuguese Open golf tour- , 
nament established another - 
record in the final Epson Order 
of Merit, h sent McNulty’s 
winnings up to £101,327.38 and 
meant that the top six players in 
the list had all won more than 
£100.000 for foe firs; time in 
tour history. 

bria, when David Cooke on foe 
left wing scored two tries and 
helped create several others. 

Stalwart captain 

Mike Watkins, foe captain of 
Newport for a fourth successive 
year, a post-war record for foe 
dub, will make his 200th 
appearance for the Welsh rugby 
side tonight against Ebbw Vale 
at Rodney Parade. Watkins, 
aged 34, the former Welsh 
international captain and 
hooker, made his debut for 
Newport in Ociober, 1981. He 
took over the captaincy in the 
1983-84 season. 

”0C Kr 




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• The last programme in the 
i rareUers In Time series (BBC2, 
7.33pm) is a home movie with a 
difference: filmed in mellow 
Magnacolor by a Hollywood 
cameraman, it records the globe- 
trotting five-month holiday of 
American millionaire Larry Thaw 
and his wife Peggy. In 1939 tb& 
Thaws travelled niim Paris to 
some pretty wild and nigged 
places, including the Rniirang, 
Syna. Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan and 
tne mountains of India, so to 
make sure they didn't have to 
rough it loo much, Lany had a 
“land-yacht" buih for their 1 1,000 
mile journey. This was a gleaming 
motorized caravan on the grand 
scale, complete with shower bath 

and refrigerator ( t0 ensure a ready 

i \»v vuHuw a itxiuj 

supply of ice cubes for cocktails) 
and six Indian servants. A film of 
half a century ago which shows a 

-,. ■■■ ip. 

’■ ’ 


6-00 Ceefax AML 
6-50 Breakfast Time with Frank 
Bough and SaMy Magnusson. 
5-05 Pigeons - Queer Facts. In 
praise of these particular 
feathered friends, from 
devotees countrywide. (r)&45 
Advice Shop. Margo 
MacDonald with aavfce on 
social security 1000 
Neighbours. A repeat Of 
yesterday's episode of the 
Australian soap. 

10-25 PhHFtp Schofield with 

children's programmes news 
and birthday greetings 10.30 

Western world almost as exotic 
and remote to us now as an y 
Eastern kingdom. 

• Edward Woodward finally 
throws off the image of seedy, 
ruthless but incorruptible British 
agent Callan to play another 
incorruptible agenLThis time, 
however, he's American, well- 
dressed, affluent, an ex-CIA man 
who tackles anything from inter- 
national terrorism to muggings, in 
The Equalizer (ITV, 9pm). The 
series is already very popular in 
the USA, where one critic de- 
scribed Woodward’s hero as “a 
high-class Rambo with a posh 
British accent". 

• Five Women Photographers 
(CM, 8pm) looks at the Bohemian 
life and highly individual work of 
Barbara Ker-Seymer, who took 
her first portrait photograph al- , 
most by accident but went on to 

Bultwinide and Rocky, (f) 4.15 

HeathcWfa and Ca Cartoon 
adventures of an altay cat 435 
Hartbeat with Tony ftort 
Joanna Kirk and Liza Brown. 
540 John Craven's Nawsround 
5JJ5 The Cuckoo Sister. 
Bpisode one of a new drama 
serial about a girl who daims- 
she is the sister who was 
kidnapped from her pram 


become a highly successful fashion 
and advertising photographer of 
the ‘30s. 

• Hailsham’s Law (BBC2, 
8.20pm), an Out of Court special, 
considers the state of English law 
today, as presided over by the 79- 
y ear-old Lord High Chancellor. 
This is not a sycophantic celebra- 
tion of our senior law lord, for 
from it. The tone is set by reporter 
Ed Boyle as he describes Lord 
Hailsham’s arrival at his cham- 
bers: “One elderly legal dogmatist 
and his dog, a vision of endearing 
English eccentricity too many. His 
critics, however, see Lord 
Haflsham as having turned his 
back on the problems of the 

’• The life and Loves of a She 

940 Ceefax. 

Deril (BBC2. 9.25pm) draws to a 
close as the diabolical Ruth, 
having put Bobbo on ice by 
ensuring him a long gaol sentence, 
sets about the impossible task of 
metamorphosing herself into the 
dainty Mary Fisher. 

• Caviar and Cornflakes (BfiCl. 
9.30pm) looks at the curiously 
cloistered lives of Britain’s dip- 
lomats and journalists in Moscow, 
where news-gathering (in a city 
which doesn't even have a tele- 
phone book) must rely on rumour 
to supplement official Tass agency 

• The Cuckoo Sister (BBCl, 
5.5pm) is an excellent new psycho- 
logical drama serial for chil dren, 
handled in more mature style than 
mosL T we] ve-y ear-old Kate has 
lived for years with the feeling that 
she is only second-best for her 
parents, since finding out that die 

had an older sister, Emma, who 
was kidnapped as a baby. Then a 
streetwise Cockney girl arrives on 
the doorstep, carrying a letter 
which claims that she is Emma, 
Kate’s parents want to believe it, 
Kate of course does not 
• Space only to mention briefly 
the repeat of the 1973 TV film of 
The Cricket Match (BBCl, 3pm) 
from AG. Macdonell's novel 
England, Their England, and three 
worthwhile radio programmes: 
Beauty and the Bounders (Radio 
4, 3pm), the story of Old Vic 
impresaria Lilian Bayiis; Kaleido- 
scope Extra (Radio 4, 4.40pm) 
reports on Love's Labours Won, 
the completion after eight years' 
work of the New Oxford Edition 
of the Complete Works of Shake- 

Anne Campbell Dixon 

Trail-blazers Peggy and Larry Thaw: on BBC2, 735pm 


10.55 ^veto Eleven. Dora Bryan 
with a thought for the day 
1 14)0 Day Out. Part one of a 
series in which Angels Rippon 
roams the West Country, 
beginning in the Stroudwatsr 
Hills, (r) T1.38 Open Air. 
Viewers' sound off about 
television programmes 1Z2S 
Star Memories. David Bellamy 
recaBs his favourite moments 
1235 Regional news and 

1.00 News with Martyn Lewis. 
Weather 1.25 Neighbours. 
Australian soap-opera set In a 
Melbourne suburb 130 Little 
Misses. A See-Saw 
programme for the very young, 

2.00 Racing from Ascot Julian 
WBson introduces coverage of 
the 2.05 and 235 races. The 
3. 1 0 and 3.40 races are on 
BBC 2. 

3-00 Wednesday Matinee: The 
Cricket Match, adapted from 
AG.MacdoneH's England, 

Their England. The events that 
took place when a team of 
gentlemen from London played 
Fordenden village cricket team. 
Starring Hugh Burden and 
John MoffatL (r) 

330 Pinny’s House. .Adventures of 

... a tiny doH 4.00 Antaal Fair 

4JKTfwAdmmlreS^i Cer 

545 Mastetteam. Quiz game for 

640 News with Sue Lawfey and 
Nicholas Wrtchen. Weather. 

645 London Plus. 

7.00 Wogan. The guests include the 
Earfand Countess Spencer, 
and page three girl, Linda 

five-year olds 10.15 Science - 
analysing 1048 Tracking down 
bacteria m the kitchen 1140 
Words and pictures 11.17 How 
water is made fit to drink and 
how it reaches the taps 11 A0 
Basic French language skits. 

1242 Maths: trigonometry 1245 
Management training 12.48 
Spare time in Spain 1.10 Part 
one of a investigation into the 

sardl. Music is provided by 
the legendary Buddy Rich. 

745 The Muppet Show with guest, 
Vincent Price. 

640 Dates. Sue Blen's plans to 
embarrass J.R. involve erotic 
underwear; and there is an 
uneasiness between Miss BSe 
and Clayton after her first 
meeting with the mysterious 
Wes Parmalee. (Ceefax) 

640 Posits of View with Barry 

9.00 News with Jute Somervffle and 
John Humphrys. Regional 
news and weather. 

940 Caviar and Co rnflakes . A 

documentary about the lives of 

British attaches and 
correspondents living in the 
- - official compound for 

foreigners in Moscow. 

1045 Sporisnight introduced by 
Steve Rider. Boxing: John 
Feeney fights Robert Dickie in 
Ebbw vale for the British 
Featherweight title; in Belfast 
Brian Anderson meets Tony 
Burke for the vacant British 
Middleweight crown; Terete: 
Gerald wnHams previews the 
Wightman Cup which begins 
tomorrow: and Motor Rating: 
a review of the 1 986 Formula 
One Grand Prix season. 

1140 Rhode. Rhoda is appalled at 
-- Brenda's choice of ideal man. 

1145 leather. 

* * 


Julie T Wallace and Tom Baker in the final instalment of The life and 
Loves of a She Devil (BBC2, 945pm) 

state of English law 148 The 
wildlife of the rock isle of 
C umbrae; and on the mudflats 
near Grangemouth 240 
Thinkabout 2.15 The story of a 

245 All in the Day. Pamela 

Armstrong previews the BSC 
Television's new morning 
transmission, (r) 

340 Rating from Ascot continued 
from BBC 1. The 3.10 and 3.40 
races. 345 Regional news and 

440 Favourite Things. Lady Antonia 
Fraser teUs Roy Pfomley what 
pleases her most (r) 

440 Treatise Houses of Britain. 
Lord Norwich visits Wlghtwick 
Manor, Beivoir Castie, Plas 
Newydd, Penrhyn Catte, 
Lindsfama Castie. and the 
exquisite Haddon Hall. 

530 Cover to Cover. A new book 
review series presented by 
Cofin McCabe. A Taste for 
Death, by P.D.James; A 
Voyeur, by Alberto Moravia; 
and Bob Dylan's biography. No 
Direction Home, are reviewed. 

640 F9nc Return of the Bad Men* 
(1948) starring Randolph Scott 
and Robert Ryan. Marshal 
Vance atteowts to clean-up 
Oklahoma after it is invaded by 
outlaws following the opening- 
up of the territory. Directed by 
Ray Enright 

745 Cartoon, i ex Avery’s Red Hot 
Riffing Hood. 

745 Tr a v el a re in Time. The final 
programme of the series 
features To Incfia By Land- 
Yacht, a record of the 1939 
holiday trip of miBionake Larry 
Thaw and his wife Peggy, from 
Paris to DeBii, 

845 John Beflany: a Portra it One 
of Scotland's foremost artists 
in conversation with Joan 

840 HaBsham's Law. The Lord 
High Chancellor, Lord 
Hallsham, talks to Ed Boyle 
about the problems of naming 
our legal system. 

940 M*A*S*H.A V.LP.visittDthe . 
4077th becomes a series of 
crises, (r) 

945 The Life and Loves of a She 
Devfl. The fourth and final part 
and with Bobbo in prison and 
Mary Fisher rmned, rt looks as 
if Ruth has exacted revenge - 
but has tiie? (Ceefax) 

1045 The TrotiMe with Sex. Aids 
virus-carrier Jonathan 
Grimshaw talks about what he 
deserfees as the greatest 
challenge I have had to face in 
my life' 

1140 Newsnfght 1145 Weather. 

945 Themes new* haadfines. 

940 Schools: maths -the number 
'six’ 9A2 Learning to survive in 
a threatening enwronment 949 

Maths- paths 10.16 An A-teval 
physics experiment 1043 
Behind the scenes at the 
making of a Sotting image 
programme 1140 A 
contemporary account of 
Stafin's 50th birthday 
celebrations 1142 Music from 
Ghana 1149 Conversation In a 
Parisian hoteL 

1240 The Giddy Game Show, (r) 
12.10 Our Ba ck y ar d (r) 

1240 Survival: Back from the Blue. 
House martins during their 
summer breeding season. 
Narrated by Robert Hardy. 

140 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 140 Thames news 
presented by Robin Houston. 

140 Man in a Suitcase. Spy thrifier 
series starring Richard ■ 
Bradford. A (eating 
oceanographer disappears 
with secret In fo r m a tion. (r)240 
Dining in France. Pierre 
Salnger visits Jean and 
Sophie Bardet 340 Take the 
Ffigh Road 345 Thames news 
headines 340 Sons and 

4.00 Thomas the Tank Engine and 
Friends Two tales narrated by 
Ringo Starr 4.10 The Trap 
Door. Animated series set in a 
spooky castle 440 T-Bag 
SHcas Again 445 Hold Tight! 
as Jacquefine Reddintakesa 
canoe on the Alton Towers 
Grand Canyon Rapids ride. 

5.15 Blockbusters. Qua game for 
teenagers, presented by Bob 

545 News with Alastair Stewart 
640 Thames news. 

645 Hefol Vrv Taylor Gee wfth 
details of the Land of Droog, a 
new video made by the 
Spastics Society. 

545 Crossroads. Nicola and 

Maggie have an intimate chat 

740 This is Yota- Life. Eamonn 
'Andrews ambushes another 
unsuspecting worthy. 

740 Coronation Street ferry has 

Ideas for 

’s telescope 

money. (Oracle) 

. 840 Strike it Luticy. A new quiz 
game involving up-to-date 
technology, presented by 
Michael Bar tymore. 

840 FnB House. Comedy series 
about two couple sharing a 
house and a mortgage. 

940 The Equafeer. A new series 
starring Edward Woodward as 
a one-man security outfit 
operating out of Manhattan 
who helps people who have 
exhausted every legal avenue 
in their ptesuit of justice. 
Tonight he comes to the 
assistance of a man whose 
family has been threatened 
after he acctdentiy teams of a 
blackmail plot; and of an 
attractive divorcee who is 
being threatened by a 
psycopath. (Oracle) 

1040 News at Ten with Alastair 
Burnet and Sandy Gall. 
Weather followed by Thames 
news headlines. 

140 Midweek Sport Spatial 
introduced by Nick Owen. 
Football: highlights from two of 
tonight's Littiewoods Cup third 
round matches. Brian Moore 
and Martin Tyter are the 
commentators; and Boxing: 
Errol Christie meets Sean 
Mannion in a middleweight bout 
at Alexandra Palace. At the 
ringside are Reg Gutteridge and 
Jim Watt. 

1240 That's HoBywood. How film 
stars are bom. 

1245 Night Thoughts from Chad 
Varah, founder of The 


6.15 Good Morning Britain 
□resented by Anneka I 

presented by Anneka Rice and 
Mike Morris. News with Geoff 
Meade at 640,740, 740,840, 
840 and 9.00; financial news at 
645; sport at 6.40 and 7.40; 
exercises at 645; cartoon at 
745; pop music at 7.55; video 
review at 845. At 945 Timmy 
Maltett introduces Wacaday. 

YuJ firymer and Maria Schell hi the American screen version of The 
Brothers Karamazov (Channel 4, 940) 


245 FiJm: Here Como the Gals 
(1953) starring Bob Hope, 
Arlene Dahl, and Tony Martin. 
Comedy musical with Hope as 

a chorus boy wno Is fired from 

the show only to be rehired 
without realizing he is the 
target for a back-stage kilter 
staBdng the real leading man. 
Directed by Claude Binyon. 

440 Mavis on 4. Continuing her 
senes on Our Public 
Servants', Mavis Nicholson 
talks to a group of disgruntled 

440 Countdown. Yesterday's 
winner of the words and 
numbers game is challenged 
by Alan Seabrook, a design 
engineer from Eastleigh, 

540 Hogan’s Heroes. Vintage 

American comedy series about 
a resourceful group of Allied 
prisoners-of-war who make life 
uncomfortable for their 

540 The Abbott and Costetio 

Show*. Bud and Lou land a job 
as sandwich board walkers, 
dressed in top hat and tails, 
advertising a new night dub. 

640 Family Ties. American 

domestic comedy series about 
a family in which the children 
are conservative and their 
parents the swingers. 

640 mTime of War 1939 -1945. 
March of Tima's October 1942 
film. The Fighting French, 
which was pro Charles de 
Gaulle at a time when he was 

astfrBteadelrof thaFree 
French. (Oracle) 

740 Channel 4 News with Peter 
Sissons and Nicholas Owen 
includes a report from the 
Suez Canal - 30 years after the 
invasion by the British, French 
and Israels. 

7.50 Comment This week's political 
slot is taken by Cecil Franks, 
Conservative MP for Barrow 
and Furness. Weather. 

840 Five Women Photographers. 
This second programme in the 
series on women who were 
professional photographers 
between the Thirties and the 
Fifties focuses on Barbara Ker- 
Seymer. (Oracle} 

840 Diverse Reports. French 
author Andre Glucksmann 
argues that Britain should 
renounce Nato and help create 
a defence strategy alongside 
the French and tea Germans. 

940 FHm: The Brothers Karamazov 
0958) starring Yul Brynner, 
Maria Stiiel. Claire Bloom and 
Lae J.Cobb. Dostoyevsky's 
last novel, about a Russian 

and tlie wants that take^dee 
after the death of tee bullying 
head of the family. Directed by 
Richard Brooks. 

11.40 Fflnc The SBent Witness* 
0954) Scotland Yard 
investigate the death of a 
shrewish wife who fell against 
tee fireplace, the husband 
claims. Directed by 
Montgomery Tufly. Ends at 



BBC2 wales Mton-ui 

KS—Miaeneam. 155-0.00 Man*. 
Ulster in Focus. 


IJtO Nows UO Short Story Thsitre 3.30- 
2J30 Problem Page SJtHLOQ Young Doctors 
ft.LO-6.3S cnannsi Report 12-00 

Ill STFR As London except 
iaSifiB 12jepm-lJ»Sonwtrwg» 
Treasure 120 Lunchtime 1.30- 2J0 Coun- 
try Practice UO-4.00 WUd World of Aranais 
eio-6 J3S Good Ewmwtg Ulster 12-00 
News. Closedown. 

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TVS As London except iZSOpm-I.OO 
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Ycutg Doctors &0O4J5 Coast to Caest 1Z00 
Bhss bi Concert l2J0em Company, 


Time 120 News 1 J0-2J0 Scarecrow and 
Mrs King &O0-&35 News 12x0 Talas rrem the 
Darkside IZJOem Ctoseflmvn. 



ANGLIA As London except 

■ 12J0PPI-1.00 Gardens far AX 

120 News 1J0-2J0 Country Pracboe 
6A04JS About AngHa 12JH Ttws Hotywood 
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Time 120 News 1 JO Live atOne-THny 
240-230 Titers Hollywood 3A0 Coimlry Prao- 
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1530 Film: Heiowa-en 12.10am News 12.15 
Sorley Mactean at re. Ctosedown. 

S4C Sons: H.IOem Gweid A Srerad 
=2S£ HJ 5 Ffenertd 11A« Interval 1240 
F»ru Lives of a Bengal Lancer 240pm 
Couitdovm 2J0 The Arabs 3J0 FlashbadC 
445 Ffaiabalam 420 Quto Goch A Malwen 
435 Smyrlfs 500 Bttdowcar 530 1 Cttdd Do 
That 500 Brookskto 530 Mavis on 4 7.00 
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■Rol To 0J0 Hal Straeon 8.15 Ffcn: Adam's 
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120 News 1 JO-230 Country Practice 3.00 
Country Wkys 3J0-4JM Youig Doctors 500- 
6-35 L oofcar ound 1200 Qoseoowa 

Treasure 120 News 1J0-230 Fashion Tv 
500 Crossroads 62S-7J»Naws 1200 Who 
Dares Wins iJOOam Comedy Tonnht 1 J5 
JobHnder 235 C lose flown. 

TYNE TE ES ^3to^iffo%ian»ti 

ITOWM 130 News 135 Where the JODS 
Are 130-230 Courtiy PracUce 030435 
Northern Ufa 1230 Wsn me Luc*. 



live 130 News 130-230 The Baron 500- 
635 Calendar 1200 Moviemakers 1 230m- 
830 Music Box. 

Notice to 


The Interest Rates on all mortgage 
accounts will be increased by 125% p.a. 
For accounts subject to the Mortgage 
Conditions 1984 or latea; this increase 
relates to the Rase Rate 

The new Interest Rates will take effect 

On new mortgages and on existing 
mortgages haying roll numbers 
A/2483000-8 and upwards on 
1st November 1986. 

On mortgages having roll numbers 
from A/1756000-9 to A/2482999-9 
(both numbers inclusive) on 
1st December 1986i 
On other mortgages on dates to be . 
notified individually to the 
borrowers concerned. 

Borrowers will be notified appropriately of 
any changes in their monthly payments. 



On (medium wave). Stereo on 
VHP (see below) 

540am Adrian John 740 Mike 
SmtttVs Breakfast Show 930 
Simon Bates 1240pm 
Newsbeet with Frank Partridge 

1245 Gary Davies 340 Steve 
Wright 5J0 Newsbeet with Frank